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Full text of "Sussex archaeological collections relating to the history and antiquities of the county"

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c'l 



Suissex ^xt^utolo^ital Society. 



SUSSEX 



Qrrljar^jloiiiral €oUtttiom, 



KISLATmo to T4tie 



HISTORY AND ANTIQUITIES OF THE COUNTY. 



TVtU&HEO »T 



etc Sussex avcjjafological Socirtg. 




VOL. XIII. 






*j * • , J 



SUSSEX: 
GEORaE P. BACON, 

HIGH STEEET, LEWES. 

M.DOCC»IJCI. 



LKWK8: 
C«). P. lUCX):f, PttUfTKB. 

691831 



CONTENTS. 



PAOB 

Annual Report iz 

LiUt of Members ziii 

Holes of the Society zz 

1. Some Memorials of Old Lewes. By Wiluam Figo, F.S.A 1 

2. Will of a Sossez Clergyman Three Hundred Tears Ago. Edited by Mark 

ANTOinr Lower, Esq., M.A., F.S.A. 49 

8. A Biographical Sketch of Samael Jeake, Senr., of Bye. By T. W. Smart, 

Esq.,MJ) 57 

4. Waldron : its Church, its Mansions, and its Manors. By the Bev. John 

Let, B.D , 80 

6. Boyal Licenses to Fortify Towns and Houses in Sossez. By W. H. Blaauw, 

Esq., M^, F.SA. 104 

6b Inrentory of Goods, &&, in the Manor of Cheseworth, Sedgwick, and other 

Fkrks, the Manor Place of Sheffield, and in the Forest of Worth, with 

the Iron-works belonging to the Lord Admiral Seymour, at the time of 

his attainder, taken 1549. By Sir Hbnrt Ellis, K.H., F.S.A. . . 118 
7* The College and Priory of Hastings, and the Priory of Warbleton. ' By the 

Bev. Edward Turner, IdJL 182 

& Protestant Befogees in Sossez. By Wiluam Durrant Cooper, Esq., 

P.8.A. 180 

9. Old Speech and Old Manners in Sossez. By Mark Antont Lower, Esq., 

M.A., F.SJL 209 

10. Moral Paintings in Slaogham Chorch. By the Bev. C. H. Campion, M.A. . 287 

11. Ditchling. By the Bev. Thomas Hutchinson, MA.., Yicar of Ditchling. . 240 

12. Letters and Will of Dr. Andrew Borde. By William Durrant Cooper, Esq., 

F.S.A. 262 

18. The Vicars of Bye and their Patrons; with the Moral, Slab, and Headstone 
Inscriptions in the Parish Chorch of St. Mary, and the Baptist Chapel, 
Bye. By G. Slade Butler, Esq 270 

14. Monomental Inscriptions, East Blatchington. Commonicated by the Bev. 

B. N. Dennis, Sector 802 

15. Notes and Qoeries 808 

INDEK .817 



ILLUSTRATIONS, AND DIRECTIONS 
TO BINDER. 



PAGE. 

Se. Nicholas' Stttpitdl, 8t. Peter's Church, and the West Gate . . to face 1 

Denton Ibnt 4 

St, Anne's Ibnt 5 

Map of Lewes (joirea 1775) to face 45 

Tanners and PMsingKorth, Waldron to face 80 

Seals cftKe Earl cf Bit, andcfSt, Mary, HdsHn^s . ... to faee 188 

CbUegiate Church of St, Mary, Eastings i68 

Warbleton Priory to face 160 

Pelham Buchle and Cross, on Ftre-haoh at Warbleton Priory . • • .161 

Doorway at Warbleton Priory 162 

Seal of Hastings Priory 179 

Leaden Flagon at Dye 208 

Sussex Trug 212 

Pyecombe Sheep'hooh 236 

Mural Paintings at Slaugham ....... M, 1 to face 287 

„ „ yd, 2 to face 238 

Slab to Thomas Haman, at Rye to faee 280 

Plan of Rye Churchyard » . to face 288 

Flint ArrofV'head, Hastings 309 



NOTICES. 

The (General Annual Heetdng of The Sustew Arehaological Society for 1862 
is provisionally fixed to take place at Hastings, on Thubsday, the 7th of 
Angnst. 

The reprint of VoL I. at lOs., and Vols. IV., V., VI., VII., Vm., IX., X., XI., 
XXL, may be had by.Membera at 7s. 6d. each on application. Vols. II. and III. 
are oat of print. 

*«* Members having Papers for insertion in VoL XIV. (which will be pro- 
oeeded with immediately), are requested to forward them, without delay, 
addressed to the Honorary Secretaries, Lewes Gastie. 



REPORT. 



The deUj whiob haa oootured bx the completion of thm om Thirteenth Volume, 
Owing to mtAYoidable oiietimiftaiio€fi« iavolves the neoessitj of a larger detail of 
rrente than wonld otherwiHe have been the ca^e, including two general Annnal 
Meetmga — one held &t Perensey on the »th of August^ 1800^ and the other at 
Petworth on the Kth of Augost* 1961— Mid two Rmaller gatherings ; one at Hurst- 
pierpolnt on the 4th of October, 18G0, and the other at East GrinBtead on the 37th 
of October, leOK 

The Ccranmifitee regret that both the general meetings ahonld have been held 
tmdcr very nnfaronrabk circiimBtanoeH ; the weather being bad on both occaeionSi 
At the Pev^iiey meeting in l^tiO, the trial to the temper and spint of our 
ftrthsologiets, particularly of our fair friendi!, who^ amidst atormt of wind and 
tain^ imllf ed at the hotir of dinner roond ns, in onr tent, pitched nnder the foofl«ii 
wilk d Perens^ Castle (many of them haTing previonaly enoonnteied the ride of 
twilYemileeto and from Heratmonceur CairtJe)^ was indeed aevere. Thhj however, 
they stood foil well, and eheerfnlnees and good hnmoiu were the order of the 
day. At the Petworth meeting in 1B61, though the weather was but little better, 
the caee wan very different. Here there was no moh call for the creroise of 
pslaeaofi ; tor it would be difficult to find any other maneion in England so weU 
oalcol&ted to make a visitor completely independent of all external incidenta ad 
Petworth House, Me may here stroll through & long suite of stately apartmente, 
aronnd which noble portraits by the gfreateet painter&— many of them aeeociated 
with Bomo of the most Important eTente in English history — and the landscapes of 
^Isode and Turner, and many otJier eminent artists, bang dde by side in glonouA 
tIfiZij ; and the sister art of scnlptnre puts forth her most gmceful and beautiful 
modds ; to say nothing of the wonderfnlly trnthfnl wood -carvings of GibboM 
laid Bitaoti. All tbe^ souxees of enjoyme:nt were liberally thrown open to the 
mem ben of onr Society and their friends, and were greatly enhanced by the kind 
■nd cordial welcx>me given to us by our able chairman for the day, the Honourable 
Pehctt Wtndham, who repiesanted the noble owner of the house. 

Among other schemes arranged for this day waa a visit to the curious old 
ehnrch of Burton, which, though one of the smallest in the oouuty, if not in 
BitgUm^ 10 rich in monuments to the memory of the Gkirings^ the ancient poe- 

nuni of tlie Burton estate. But this was only partially ejected ^ the rain falling 




X. 



IlEPOHT. 



hearily at fclio time* Such, howerer* as did accrampliflb it, found from the ooon- 
pant of Burton Honse a kind and hoapitabla reception. An inupcction of Laving- 
ton House, the Beat of the Biahop of Oxford, bo which we bad been oordialij 
iuTited bj his Lordfihip^ who was unfortunately obliged to be abeetit from our 
meeting, and the beautihiUj-refttored little parish churcb of Lavingtoo^ was alao 
to have taken place ; but of this vety few availed themadves, and those who did 
BO were preventcsd by the itate of the weather from forming any just estimate of 
thtJ beauty of the acenery by which they are fiurronnded. 

At our autumnal gatherings, the weather was all thai; could be desired* Ou 
the day of the meeting at Humtpierpcint in 1 BfiO, a large party waa detained a^ 
Bitbhling ou the way, by a visit to ila fnteiestlug cnioifonn Churchy on whicli^ 
and on the Antiquities of the village and neighbourhood, a very agreeahle lecture 
was given by the Vioar^ the Rev. Thomas HutchioBon ; the subetanoe of which 
will be found in the preseut volume. Danny, with its fine old hall, ita family 
port^ait«, and the armour of that gaUant K^ldler and gentleman, Sit William 
Campion, who fell at the sieg* of Colchester, and the attractiuna of the site of a 
Roman villa, discovered in a field close byn, backed by a cordial and hospitablt 
welcome, detained our party to the last moment in pleasant thraldom ; aud an 
exocllent dinner at the New Inn^a matter never to bo disregarded by trua 
ftrehioologistfr*-K:rowned the operations of thia most aatisfaotory day* 

A due October sun mthered in the day of oar meeting at Ea.et Qrinatead in 
1861 — that quaint old town, the metropolis of the wide forest district which is 
one of the most striking features of our county. Few ajie aware of the e;sooeding 
beauty of this wUd tract ; and many oompiias sea and land in seaich of soenery 
not to be HurpasBed by t^is which lies close at home* Everything here breathes 
the very spirit of the chase, which doubtlesa indnoed Edward II. to endose au 
e^tcnstre tract near to East Qriustead, called Aahdown Forest, as a Boyal 
Park, and John of Gaunt greatly to enlarge and improre it^ and to make it hi^ 
favoarite plaoe of resort^ upon its ooming into his poaaeaHiou from his father 
Bdwaxd III., in exchange for the Earldom of Riohmond. 

From the tower of East Gnnatead Ohuroh^ to the top of which many of our 
younger Mends mounted, the view is m fine as can weU be imagined. Below 
Mil ibe town, with its irregular street, many of the houses of which are timber- 
fnuned, and retain their high -roofed gables, lui well a6 their mnllioned windows, 
»nd overhanging upper atones ; beyond whioh, looking towards tlie south and 
east, the eye ranges over a vast erpansa of the ifylvan district, rendered at the 
time it waa so seen doubly beautiful by the rich profusion of autumnal tinta 
whioh its foliage then displayed. Among the most picturesque and iuteresdnj^ 
of these houses^ two deserve special notice ^ one at each end of the street* That 
near the eastern end is mentioned by Horace Smith iu his romanoe of '* Bramble- 
tye,'* and Vi called by him " Grinsteod House." Though now occupied by oot- 
tagers, it atHl bears externally the appearauite of a house once of some importance. 
At the back of it is an interesting medieval porch. The other house, at the 
western end, is of dressed stone, and was, in former times, the lodging appro- 
priated to the use ol the Judges, when^ in alternate years, they were aooustomed 



I 



4 

i 

4 



HEPORT. 



XI. 



I 



» 



to bold the A^ai^es here^ oa the rer^ bofdere of the ocmntj ; theif lofdships pm* 
denUy declming to go oii« 9tep farther tb&a waa abaolutel^ needful through the 
■IU7 W«7s of Stia«ex, 

SttekYtUe College, toov with its Bpociotui quadrangle, and its intaxmtmg dining 
hail and obapel^ wu Idodljr thfown open to us. This oleemoejnuy ijjtftituliom 
waa fpundied by Eobert, second K&rl of Doieefct in 1 SOS, and the present ooUego 
boUt a few ^ears later. It standi a littlo to the eo^atward of the ehufohj^ard, «nd 
la a fKtdldng^ objecL oti approaohing the town from Fone^t Bow. 

A Lovely erenlag- tempted aome of onr party to viait the niinii of Br^unblatyef 
one of the principal arohaological attractions of the neighbourhood. Since stage 
ooAChes have beoome eeant in SnaaeXf fe?r persona have any knowledge of the 
beantifal hamlet of Forent Eow^ oloae by ; and some of thoae who passed through 
it that evening^ have einoe declared thattbo Bcenery they were thua introduced to 
will Long be remembered by them* A kind invitation from Ale:xander Nesbitt, 
Esq,, to riait Kidibiooko, fonnerly the property of the Earla of AbergavenDy^ but 
BOW of Laid GolcheeteTj by which some profited, elosed the prooeedinga of this 
mmit agreeable day. 

But to oofne to pMa itatlHticSf the Committee have the gratlflcatlon of being 
able to report a deoided improvement m the financial condition of the aodety* 
Since thia bmncb of the Gomiaittee*a labotira has been plac^ in the handa of a 
Sob-Committee* the collection and manageoient of our funds have been proeper- 
otialy oonducied ; and the wi^om of the appointment of snch a committee fully 
pRTved. In a newly-formed aad fast- increasing aociety* the memberB of which 
extended in a abort time far beyond the limits of the Ootintyf it can create no sur- 
piiae th^ the Committee^ aa at first constituted, should have found themmlTea 
tmabU to cope with the mnltifanoas datice which eoon devolved npon them; and 
Ukat a considerable falling off in the society*fl moome, owing to a large amount of 
tmpttid itibacriptioEia ahould have been the oonsequenoe* To the recovery of thoao 
izreaxa the Finance Committee at once applied themselves ; and their appeal 
bAving for the most part been received in a kind BpLrit* and b'berally responded to, 
A guest portion has been recovered. 

Fot reo^oai wMoh it is nnneceesary particularly to state, the Committee 
deemed it advisable to recommend to the members, assemhled at the annual meet- 
isg fti Petworth, the adoption of an additional Rule* by which all persons thence- 
forth to be admitted mem bersi of the Society, should be reqtdied to pay, upon their 
election, an entrance fee of ten shillings, over and above the ouiifaomary subscrip- 
tion. This was agreed to, and it has been added to the atanding mica of the Society » 

The Qommittee haTC further to report^ that they availed themselves in 
liOO., after doe consideration, of an opportunity of purchaaing the onpocioua 
Tent m which the members of the Society and their friends have uflually 
dined on the days of their annual meeting, and of the resisting powers of whioh 
in heavy rain they have since had veiy convincing proofs. Although its ocet waa 
ooiiBiderable, they are not without hope that* if they can let it oat ocoaaionally, 
•■ tbey bare already done, and as they trust they have a fair prospect of ooutinu- 
fug to do, it will be found in the end no injudicious Investment, 



XII. BEFORT. 

In oonolusion, the Committee have the monzxifiil duty of adverting to the Xobs 
which, flinoo the iaBue of the last Tolume, the Society has sustained by the decease 
of its two official heads— the Dnke of Richmond, E.G., Patron^ and the Duke of 
Norfolk, Prendent, To the sanction which the distingoished houses of Lennox 
and Howard gave to the Society at its oommenoement, it doubtless owed much 
of its original prosperity. Although the two lamented noblemen took little 
personal share in the Society's proceedings, they, by throwing open, respectively, 
Goodwood House and Arundel Castle, for Gtoeral Annual Meetings, set an ex- 
ample of liberality in that respect, which has been largely followed by other 
distinguished persons throughout the County. 

Qmneil Chamber ^ lawes Castle, 
I9th December, 18G1. 



iSflL 



Sussex ^rcfjapo logical Societg* 




The Bight Hdiioiimblo the E^nt of C)HICHE.STER, Lord Lietit«iuijtt and QuiUis Rot 

EoT, Df, Hawteet, R-ov, of Eton, F.8. A* 



I The DvKM OF Devoid sHtRfe 

I The Makql'is Caude!*, ICG. 

The Eaue. OF EouoNT 
Tht} Earl o J- Siiif fikld 

I Loud VlSCriUYT Ga«5E 
|Th*! LoND Btsuoi^ aj? Ghicrestii 
I !ni© Loud Bishop of Oxford, P.8^* 
I LoizD Talbot us MaulhisiEj^ F,SA* 

LOBO CorX UESTEtt 

I W. H. Blaalfw, Eeq.. M.A., F*S.JL 

Bi^bt Rfm. Thomas Ejiskiitk 

Hoiu HK^itY BitAjrp, M.P. 

Hon* RoBErrCnBiON, Jun., M,P., 

Sir Joins P. BoiLEAr, Bart., V,P J.A. 

Sir a M. Bu&RELL, Bart., M*P. 
t Bir Joes YuAsiZBS SimixiT, Bart., M.P. 
pSir TaoMAS Ma a VON Witssow, Bart, 
[Bir Henbt Ellis, K.H., F,R.8., RS^. 
I The Very Eov. the Dean of CehcuE^Trb 



The Teoenhie Ai:^deacon Ottee 
The Temerabk ArchdeiMxitt Oaebett 
Mev. John- Gomjng, Wbton 
B^*-. H. Welles LET, D.D.^ PHudpiLl of 

Kew loll Httil, Oiford 
John M. CoBBETf, E»q., M.P, 
John GKoar»E DodsoNj Em*, M,P, 
Wm* TrTE, Efiq., V,P.aA. J.K.S.. M.P* 
,h G. Blehco^b, Eiq., M.F, 

Rt. Hon.W.B.SKTIIOUaFVTSSQEEALD, M.P, 

H. W. FaiEELAND, Esq., M.P. 

W* TOWNLET MlTTOHD, E§q,, M,P, 

F, North, Esq., M.R 

P. F. RoBEHTSON, Esq, 

Eteltn Phil. ^HrRLET, Esq., F.8X, M*P. 

A. J. BE&£SfO]a» HOFB, Esq.^ M,A.y FSA^ 

C, Hat FsKwiif, Esq, 

Rev. J. Cou:inowoodBri:c«, LLJ>.,F*8^ 

Albert Wat, Esq., lLA*j F,BJL, 



I Bir SiBBAU) D. Scott, BaTt., F.S*A. 
rJ.T, AucfcLAXD, Esiq., F.S.A, 
IB^. Heath cote Campios, M^ 
rEoBEitT CuAi'M AN, Esq. 
|£eT. Geo. M. CoopKti, MjI. 
|W> DuaBAjiT Vmvm, Esq., P.SMi* 
iMajor-Gcoeral F. Dafim 
IWlUJAM FlQQt Esq^ F.S^. 



Committrr : 

W. Harv¥T, Eaq,, F.S^ 

Kdwabd HusiiT, Eiq^ 

Makk Antony Loweb, Esq*, F.S^ 

JoHS Clay Luc A8,Esi^, r.B A. 

Very Rav\ Canoo TiJ-mj^ET, F.lLS., F.S.A. 

Rev^. KnwAftD Tvener, M,A, 

Weston Ktylesian Walfobd, E5q.,F.B,A. 

Rer. G. H, Woods^ M,A, 



f reittittr : Gbo, Mouneux, Esq., Old BanK Lewea. 
SonftniS ScorttaflcB ; R, W. Blencowe, Esq., M.A., The Hooki^, L^wet. Th& Eer* 
WiLUAH Powell^ Nuwick Ri^ctofj, UukfieldL 
Joml Jlfcretiirtri^ 



f. H. Ma SON, Etq., Cbic^heHer 
'*T. G. A. Claerso5j Amberloy 
e?. R. Eaijjjok G&een^, Rogats 
T. J. Phillips, Worthmg 
_e7, T, Mkdland, St^yning' 
[W. BoEBEE, Esq., JuHh,. Cowfold 
*ter. CaeJit Boekek, Hurtt-Pierpoint 
f. HabtkTj Escj., F^S.A,, U'wc9 
B. LCEftOX PEI>'CKi Esq. J Ut:ktit4d 
itAMci,Af Phiixips, Esq., BrightDtl 
THOKAf S, By ASS, Ea<i., M,D., CuefcfioM 



UN A. BtiAoDENj Esq*, Pet worth 

V John Shith^ Bank, East Grmet^Bd 



John 

Mr. J 

GaoEoi Slade Butler, Esq., Rye 

Mfp J, M, Richardson, Tanbridge WeUi 

Hei«ry Bnf3«0Nfl, Esq., Bttaford 

Mr. H» M. Emaet, E»atbo(mie 

ReT> J* Gould, BiiTwMih 

W. BECt^iTB, Esq., Hawkharet 

T. Ross, Esq., HastingH ,. „ 

H. Campkjn, Esq , FMA., 104, faW ^^^» 

Mf . F* Wi ttP, Battlo [Londoa. 



h 



Ctetk: Mr, KMWtAlTD RuDWtcK, 3, ClifFe, Lewes, to whom iilUitJAiHtinkiifiongrt*p€<!imf 
unpaid Buti^iptiimt^ undthe tlcHverif of VQlumUr thttuid t« ttddrt**^d. 



XIY 



SUSSEX ARCHJEOLOGICAL SOCIETY, 



"^mhm. 



N.B. — Tht • prefxed dmotrs ti/e C(mpofm(kr$. 



•Sir fiobfirt Shafto Adair, BbH. 

Mi'. SUtthen Ade, MiUon Court 

John Aadi*j Eaq.^ Ruatinffton 

P^ B* Ainstie, Esq., Guildford 

John AlfroOj E«n*, Brighton 

Bi?T. H. AUtn^ Brighton 

•W.W, Attreoj Eaq./B^c^jrdef of HaatiugB 

J. T* Auekland, Esq., P.S.A, Eiwtbourno 

Jobn Fmncia Autton, Esq., Kippingtou 

Rev, R. W. Bactin, Ewliunft 

G. P. Biicou, Ksfj,, Lowee 

•BeT. Thoiiiaa Uacon, Wiffgonholt 

H«nrj Bailcj, E$a., Heatlifiuld 

J, B* Baker, Esq., Buxted 

Hi«. Balnei, Wamiui^lid 

Beif. Edward BauijiBtef, Cliiddinfffold 

Mr, Joa. Banniflterj Hftstinga 

M. 8. Baulks, Esq., Rye 

Me. Barber, ju II., WiUingdoti 

Tntnci* Barthard, K?4q., Tiittle Horeted 

J>onald Barclaj, Esq., Muyfield 

B«r, Bobort Barton, Uairtiti^i 

•Brian B^rttelot Bartteiot, Esq.,Stopham 

W. Btttley, Esq,, Jun,, Brighton 

EflF. W. W. Battye, Hover 
W/K. Baxter, Eaq., Lewaa 
^ BealUj Eacj,j St. LtKinardi-on-Soa 

C, Beanl, Esq,, Rottiugduau 

C Beard. Eikk, Lewes 

Miu Mfttilda Beard, Rottingdean 

Bef, Ja& Bcok, Parliam 

W* Bockwith, E9(v, Hawkhnrst 

John Bflll, Esq., Rawkburirt 

Mw, Bellamj, Tunbridge Welli 

G* Bollinghiirn, Esq., Brighton 

MUb S. Belliugluiint Ryo 

Kemp Berry, Esq., Beekley 

Mr. 1\ Borry, Brighton 

Mrs* Arthur Biggv, Brightoti 

Miifl Bifthop, Ilerjitmouceux 

•W. IL Bluauw, E^j., RS.A., Beechltmd 

*Mra. Blaauw, BeechJtuid 

•T. St. Legwr BhLau\v, Esq,, B^echJand 

Ji>bu A, Bla^eo, Esq., Petwortli 

W. Madoi Blacltwood, Esq., F,aA., 
Windsor 

Rev. Robt. Blukiaton, Aahington Rectory 

Edjrar Bltiker^ Esq*, Lewea 

Joha Fflaker, EitoL, Lowea 

J. G. Bleu oo we, Emj., M,P., Byneham 

R, W, Bloiioowe, Esii,, Tlie Hooko 

R, A. Blencowtf, Esg^, Chailey 

Robert Bk'twley, Bflq., A.I-BA.., Ea«t- 
bi>ttri^o, and FumivarH lun 

Tljo Hoii. and Rev. E* V. Bligh, Eotherfield 

F, S, Hhint, Esq,, Worth 

*Sir John P, Botfeau, Bart., V.P.S.A. 

Colonel Boldero, St* Leouards Forest 

Kdward W. Boa ham, Esq,,Calaii 

Captain Bonham, Choi ley 

Mias R Bonham, Chailey 

Re?. Carey Borrer, Hnrat-Pierpoml 

Joka Bprrer, Eiq-j Portakde 



Nath. Borrer, Esq,, Pakyns Manor 

W. Borrer, Esq., F.L.S Henfield 

W. Born^r, Eiq^, Jun,, Cowfold 

Cbarlefl Bowdler, Es<1m Runcton 

Rev, F, A Bowletj Siugleton 

U. BcxaU, Esq., Wiaborough Green 

W. P, BoTtall, Esq., Brighton 

Jacoh Boys, E<sq»j CCJ, Grand Pamde, 

Brighton 
Ja«. Brahy, Esq., Rndgwjek 
Honble. Hy, Brand, ILP,, Glyndo 
Earl of Br^'cknook, Bayham Abbey 
•Edw, Kynaatim BridgirrT, Esq., London 
Rev. A. H. Bridgesj llorshatn 
Wastel Briaco, tisq., Bohemia, Ea^tinga 
Mr. Jaoiee Broad, Lewei 
BeT, T, Brockman, Bt^echborough 
*Tboma8 Broad wood, Kfl<i., HolmhuKh 
Rev. J. Broad wood, Lyne, Horahotn 
J. R, Bromley, Esq., Hastings 
Ales. Brown, Esq,, Easeboume Priory 
Rev, Felii Brow«, Stf>jdmm 
Rev. Hy. Brown, Pevensuy 
John Bruce, Esq,, V.P,S,A.| London 
B^v. J, Collingwood Bruce, LL.D*, F,S.A*( 

Newcastle -on *Trno 
Rev. W. Bum«tt, Tangmere 
8ir C. M. Bum-U, Bart., West Gringtead 
Walter W, Burrell, Eaq., West Grinstead 
Mr^. Burrellj Woodgatersi, Horsham 
Henry Matbewfl Burt, Ejsq,, London 
Alfred Burton, Em*, St. Leonard'^ 
Decimns Burton, Etk},, London 
Mr. R. Butcher, l#ewefi 
G. Slode Butler, E^., Clerk of Peace, Rye 
Thomas B. Bya«a, Esq*, M.D,,Cuckfiold 
The Marqtiiii Camden, K,G., Bayh^tn 
Hy, Campkin, E«)., F.S A., Befonn Clnb 
The Earl of Chichester, Stantner 
The Bishop of Chkbeater 
The Very Rev. the Dean of Chicheater 
•Lord Colchester, Kidhrook 
•Lord R. Cavendish, Gompton Place 
•HoQ» Robert CnrEOn, Jun,, Parhom Park 
Mre, Walter Campbell, London 
Wm. J. Campion. Esq., Datiay 
Rev, Heathcote Campion, Westmeston 
Rev. J. W. Candy, Little Hampton 
Rev. James Carnegie, Seaford 
Mr. H. Carpenter, Hastl tigs 
Chas. F. Carr, Esq., Cuekfield 
Rev, — Carr, Staplefieid 
Samuo; Carter, Esq,, Rose Green^ Battle 
Rev. C. W. CftSB, Arlinffton 
George Catt, Eisq,, Biefiop.^ton 
HeniT Cait. Esq.. Brighton 
»W, Cfltt, Esq^ Brighton 
R* Chapman, Esq*, Lewes 
Miss Cayley, East Grinsleiid 
G. F. Ciiambera, Esq., Eaetbonme 
E. Cbatfield, Esq,, Lowes 
Mr. Aleiaader Cneale, Uck field 
♦The Hon. Mra* Chetwyud 



SUSSEX AECH^OLOGICAL SOCIETY, 



XV 



I 



Cliiflheaier Library Society 

Chipbeat er Literajy Sodet f a^d Me^^^fiic/ 

y* himgbiim Chri^tUj Esq., Gljniieboom 

B-Ctarcliill, Est^., Tunbndge Welk 

Haotnos Cliij'tr, Emj.^ Fiirncombe 

Ber. Q, A. Ckrk#on, Ai^berley 

Georgi? RClarkmm, E#i.,Tuubri<%eW*jiJg 

Eobort CJotton, E#q., llei^t« 

Ejanry ClMtion. Esii-, Reigate 

John Cobbett, Eftq., M*P., Tt^mplojjondon 

Mr, H. S. Colbriin, Tunbridge WcUs 

Mr. J. Col bran, Tanbridge Well* 

C^rlcM Coi*nmn, E*ifj., Beedo 

Bomoe Coletnan, Eftr^., Brede 

X H. CatnpioD Coba, Eso^ Eavtboame 

Boyec H^rfey Comber Esa,. Oakljinds, 

Battle * °n« 

Eer. J, Conitdblfl, Rirtgmer 
BfliT. Thornas CcM>ke, Brigbton 
Mr. H. E. Scott Cooinbtf, Asbford 
W. Dnrrant Cooper, E*^., F-S.JL^ London 
Fr*j46>rick Crx>per, Esq., Brighton 

Jcwepb Cotiper, Es*.i», RS A-, Cewei 
B^. Tultie Comtliwaite, Wnlthamstow 
G, B, Cv^ruer^ Esq., P,S.A-, Southwark 
G. C. Cotuthope, Esq., Whjliffh 
W. C. Cripps, E^., Tiinbridge Wella 
H. H- Cnmb, Esq., Tunbridg^ Wella 
JiLtuca Crosby, Esq., F,8,A»» London 
Joho Ci^j^by, E*q», U^tmg* 
itobert CroBakey, E^^., Loweoi 
Or. Cttnniugkatn, HjiilqhaNin 
Mr«* Curling', EiVfftTMiurne 
E. C^Cur " MaHing" Dennety 
H. Mtt^r l^laq,^ Windmill HiU 

Tbi- Dak ' ^liire 

Eatj Deltii#afr^ BuekhiLrat 
Hon. Bicliiwd DcnoiaD, Bnrton Piwrk 
I>aJj DomriUe 
A- Dai n try, Es^*, Pet worth 
Edw&rd DnkinB, Esq., Peinbary 
George D'Albisc, Esq,, Brighton 
I C. E. Dalrynaple, Esij.. F..CA., Aberdeiin 
Uet. G. P. D&iml, AldiDtfbourn 
C«.fitain Dmniel, OO'hara Ronse 
G€<)fge Darby, E«q,, Jem,, Wiirbl«?tmi 
Her. G» H. Da^hwocKJ, D'^wnbam Mofketj 
Bef, W, H. DaTey, Oiford 
Mr- Jo«eph Davey, Ltiwea 
Mr, Tboma» Dav©)^, Soutborefr 
Mr, Tlkoinas Darey. Lewes 
H. W. R. Davoy, Esq., Wortliing 
Mr, H. J. Datid, Tunbridgo WeUa 
^- Dftrid«on, K*q,, Bcigvite 
Warborton Dano^, Enq., Londnn 
Majar'Gen*?ral F. DavieB, Di^n^ahnrst 
Mri* F, DmidGs, Daraehurst 
Wilter Dawisa, Kts«ir Ew-hnrii 
JtOin Day. E*t^, UeU.?id 
Mi«9 Dealtrr, Bolnora 
Mr. W, Dclv*-3, TnnbHdg^ Welk 
Mr,Wro, a«nry Delvi-s, Tuobridge Welk 

B, 8.Dcndy, E*i*, Cht'sti'r Herald, Loudon 
W, E. Dennett, Esri Worthing 

B»if. B- N* Dennis^ East Blatehington 

C, ifin^e Dioken^^ Esq,, Coolbmr^t 



Mri. CoK DickiiMon, Harat Pierpoint 

•C. W, Dilkc, Es*^., Sidone Street, London 

•C. WenLworth Dilko, Kaq. 

W. DUko^ Esq Chieh^st^r 

Henry Dixon, Esq*, FrankhAm 

E^-r, H, Dixon, ferrinfc Vid&Fig« 

Mn, F, Dbconj Worthing 

Mr». G* DuEon, Lavaut 

J. G. D^stlfton, E«q^ M.P,, London 

C, Dorrien, Esq,. Senniooti 

B(?¥. Stair DoDffla«, Ad^den Honie 

Andrew J. Doyle, Esq., Lcrwca 

Miiia D'Oyley, Jxindon 

David Drakt'fofd, Esq., DiUionSi Crawley 

B^jbtJ-rt E>iiwtr*?y Dr£^wittJ Esq^ PefraMJting 

Andrew M. Drummond^ Esq,, London 

Mr, John Dtiden©^« Lewes 

Mr. Jameft Dtimbrillj Jnn,, DitcbUn£^ 

B, DnoEian, Em.^ ILD^ Tnnbridga Welli 

Walter Dnke, Ett|., Htt^tiaga 

Henrr Dankj Esq*. H^stin^ 

Mr. W, Dyer. Little Hampton 

Mr. Edward Dyer, Little Hampton 

FVedk, Earp, Esq,, Brighton 

Earl of Eg^moiit, Lowdray 

Bi|rbt Hon. Thomae Enkine, Fir OroTO^ 

Ei-er^ley 
Sir Heary EUis, K.H., F.S.S,, F.S^A,, 

London 
BeT, Arthnr Eden, Ticeburst 
Bichard Edmuudsi Eaq., Wortliing- 
T. Dyer Edwards, T^i., Wort^iiug 
Byv, E, Eirdle, 8outh liorsto 1 
JieT. J. C. Egerton, nnrwiii*h 
Eobert Elliott, E«q., Chichester 
Mr, Roburt Elliott, Tnubridge Well« 
Jo»i«ph Ellis Em., Brighton 
W. gmith BUi^ Eiq., Hyde Croft, Cmwtey 
Bi^T, E, B. Ellmftn, Berwick Beetory 
FrtsJorick Ellmatii Esq., Battle [arda 

Hf>mird W. Elphinslime, Esq., St, Loon* 
Mrs, Ool OTH " 11' ' ' " 1 1 y ton , Priory 

Mr. n. Mill. ■ u^tbonrne 

Mr. Jaim^H Kr i - mgs 

Mr* W. EuifliMLi, Oiighton 
•TLi>riias Evani, Esq,, Lymittater 
Mr, W, Evpn;^, Tu ubH if ife Wells 
fii^niamit^ G- Evi-rott, Ee(|,, Dit<;hliug 
J. Walter K. Eyton, Esq,»F.S.A., London 
ftt, Hon, W, IL Seymour Fit!tgomld,M*P, 
Rev. St»ptirQU« Fairl*»!i, LnrgarBhall 
W, Fameu, Esq., Lewus 
John Peter Fearod, Esq., Ockenden Hotiae 
-^ " " irat Fkrk 

TimbridgeWellfl 
\\^gt ^^-t »^^^-A,f lj6wea 
John I'ilder, htm.^ Eastbonme 



Riehjvrd Fial 



ther^ Em,, 



Midharst 



Oenrgc Fi<^ld, E^j,, Aahnrat Pftrk 
.In. I'leld, Eaq., Doradonj Tiuabrldf 
W, Fiijg, Bgq., F,S.A,, Lewea 

Rhi?, W, A. Fitiha^', 8tR*et 

W. H. Fitzhngh, Esq,, London 

John P, Fits Gerald, Esq., Bonlg^a Hall, 

Woodbriilge 
Ma u Hoe Pur cell Flta Gi*rald, Esq,, ditto 
.1, B. Flet4iher, Esq., Bognor 
•Jc»hw Charleu Fleteher, Eiq., Dale Pajk 
Rev. Jaraea Fuk')% Wiwlhurat 
Rev, H. Foster, Selrneaton Viawagt 
Rev. Bt. Foater, Burp ham [senm 

A, W,Frajikaj Esq., Dir, S.A.., Brjt. Mn- 



xn 



SrSSilX A RCn.=EO LOGICAL SOCIETV. 



Chichester 
IVedtmck P, W. Freeumn, Esq., Hambk 

CEff, BoDtbiLmpton 
Ber* P* Froeinati, MiUpart^ GrieMiook 

Gbarlet Hky FrewiBD, EfKj., Co^htirist 

Thomu Preweti, Esq., Brick wall 

GeoTgB Ptttrell, Eho., HocliesWr 

TiBOnuDt G&ge, Fiirle 

The VenerftWe Arohd. Garbett, ClAjton 

Jno* Qikinsfordj ^^-i Brighton 

Mbs Gftin&fordi Brig-bton 

Mr, H, Ga^k, Hwrtinira 

G. Gattj Esq., FtObntljM Park 

EeT» C. Gauut, Ufiold Rectory 

F, H, GeU, Esq., Lewes 
Inigo GbII, Esq., Lewes 

George Gent, Esq., MnyneB Pafk^ EaaeJt 

C. Gibbon, Esq., Ricbunmd JL^mlil^ Yjiptan 

AtiJrflw Gibbsj Esq., Holt Down 

MiBs Gillmfin, Beeebland 

WiU* Ginner, Esi|y Truatingn 

nurwood Gmlb^e, Ewi-, Lewoa 

MrH. GnrJou, New timber 

W. GorimttK Esq., Tiinbriiiir*? 

BcT. Jobn Goring^ Wistoii Parle 

Mra, H, B. Gomnjr, Seaford 

Mr. W. Gofllin^, Heatbfield 

Mr* C. H* Gough, Holloway 

Bev* Joseph Gould. Bnrwash 

Junes Gow, Esq., Fowleirs pArk 

J. Grah&m, £»!. Eastbotim 

John Gmh&m, ¥iq*, Brighton 

Geo. Grantham, Esq,, Brig'htoQ 

Eer* T. GTOBtbsjn, BnLmber 

W, G. K. Grftttrieke, Esq., Ham House 

Bichard Gravel;, Esqf^KeflHck 

Thomas GTOFely, Esq., Cowfold 

Bev. H* Haddon Gt^ene, Eogata 

BeT* C* S. Greon, Lewt*s 

J, Grimahaw, Efq,, Cowfold 

Bev. R. S» GrignoHj Lewea 

E. Growse^, Em],^ Hastings 

Bar. O. Halls<. Long Benmngton 

G. T, Haktead, Esq,, Cbicb eater 
Edward Hajlor, Esq,, Belmont 

• Job a Alexander Haiikey 5 Esq., Baleombe 

■Mrs. Haiinuigtgn, Hurst* Pierpoint 

AqgDstui Hare, Esq., Herstmoneen^r 

B«T, J* Haruonj Sutton Flacp, Sejifbrd 

B«T. Jobn Harmnn^ Theobalds^ Hert^ 

W. HarriSj Est:|., Worthing 

W, Harris, Eflq.^ Wiidhurst 

W. H. Harrisoo, Kaq., Cnniberwdl 

M* D. Harrison, E^c|., Cuek^eld 

William Harvey, Esq,, F.S.A», Lewes 

W. H. Hart, E»., T.BJl., Stn^atham 

^mncis Hartwell, Esq.^ PimliiT^o 

H- V. Hnthome, Eeq., Tunbridffo WeOs 

Rfl7. G. B. HaTiland, Wiirbleton 

Beir, A, Harilant!^ Bodlo Street Green 

•William Hftwkoa, Esq. 

•Rev. R. Hawkins, Lamberliurst 

•J, Hey wood Hawkinff Esiit., Bignor Paxk 

Mr, A. Ha^rkiusj Briarbton 

•Rut. Dr. Hawtrey, IVot, of Etoti, F,S,A. 

Eev, J. BnTTell Hiiylf-j, Bri(<hUing 

B«r. £urn»U Hay%, Cataficld 



Edw, Hayles, Esq., Belmont, Hflstingr 
H. Bi^ott, Hnyward, Esq. F^flkinfffon i 
A* Hoales, Esq., F*S^., Dt>cter»' Coni'^ 
Mr. J* Head^ Lewes [mcj 

G. G. GilWrt Heard, Esq., F.S.i 

F.R.G,S., FR.S.L,, London 
Mr. John Merrick Head. Ea^bcmmie 
Captain James Henry, Bkckdown 
G. llenty, Esq., Chiph ester 
Ef jbt. H*:'nty, Esq., Cbicbeste^ 
Mrs* Hepburn, The Hook© 
Rev. F. Hepbnni, Chailey 
•JnmeB Ht^burn, Ewi., TtutiI] Pla<?e 
Jesse StonuBiin HeAsell, Esq., Bye 
BobL Heaketb, Esq,, F Ji.S., London 
•Rev. J. W. Hi?wt»H, Bloiam [f^'^tbly 
•Cbu-. Hi]]. Ksq,, F.S.A., The Books, W«»t^] 
Ed^vard llillii] nij Fis<|*, Lewes 
Gordon M. llillrt^ E«sq,, London 
Rer. H. Hoare, Frtimheld 
Rev. H. Ih Hoare, tVamtield 
Eev. W. Hon re, Oaktield, Crat^ley 
J. Hodgkin, E/wi., Sbi*lleyft, Lewea 
John Elint Hodgkin, EKq., Liverptiol 
Mr, H, Hol]uTj]bv, Tiinbndifo Well* 
Kev, T. A* UolliLfid, Poynings 
EeT. Chai. Holhuid| Petwnrth 
Miss Hollist, Midhur»t 
H€*nry Holm an, E^., Eust HoathJj 
J. M, Hooker, E*q,, Breiiehley 
•A. J. Beresford Elope, Esiq,, Bisdgebnr 
Mr. C, Hope^ Hasdnga [Par^ 

Mra. J, Hoper, ShtTmanbnry 
Ricbard Hoper, Esq,, Cowfold 
D. D. Hopk™, Esq,, F.S.A., Gtuldfrird 
T. Horton, EkjV London 
James Howi*ll, Eiq.. Brighton 
Mr. John Htiwell, Hastings 
Rer. F ,Howlett, St. AncTistii^t^'n, Tieehu 
W, E. Hubbard Esq,, Horsham 
Hugh Hugh? », Eaq., Woodgato ' 
Mrs. Hunt, Brook St., London 
Bernard Husey-Hunt, Esq,, Lewes 
Robert Henry Hnrst, Esq,, Hor»ham 
W. H. Tigblam Hyakisaon, Esq,, Earth&i]t| 
Edward Hua«ey, E»i|*, Sct>tney Castle 
•EoT. Arthur Huafsev, Rottingdean 
R, C, Huesey, Es(i.,F.S.A„ London 
Rev. C. E. Hutelimhon, Firlo 
Rev. Thomas Huteliinaon, Ditcbling 
Mrs. Ingram, A nb ram be 
Hugh IngTHm, Eȣ|.j Stoyning ~ 

Rev. H. AI. Ingram, Steyning 
Misa Jackson, Brighton 
Mr. H. JoffiatY, Jnn^ Lewes 
W. Jolkndi, Baq,, Bwjhalls, Lindlield 
Bev, J. Jollonds, BuitbalK Lindfiold 
Edw. W, Johnson, Esq.. Cbieheater 
Rev, E. Luttmon Johnsoii, BisdertOH^ 

House 
John JoneSj Eeq.^ Flcttehing [d 

Rev. Htnry Jones, Mot tram 4n-Longd(^n- ^ 
EifV. J, G«o, Jones, Httatrooneeni 
Mr. Robert Jull, Tunbridge WeU* 
W. Polhill K^ll, Esq., Lewes 
Mortimer Kelson, Esc*,, Folkington 
Mrs, Pbilip K*>mp, Folkington Place 
Colonel Kerr^ Newick 
Mr», King, Loudon 



SUS.«JT2X ARCTt^.OLOGlCAT. <!OCIETT, 



XVI I 



k 
» 

t 



JciiepK Kin^, Esq., Pinabury Circoi 
Mrs. Jo9(jph Kiugj Piiij*biiry Ciitmd 
TbomiLs K^ing, Eiiq^, Brighton 
Df. Mi air, Brtgbt^fH 
E<^. H.l!. Klrhj, M*TSeM 
Bfifr. Eegiiudd Kirby, mdbw Dowii 
Mra, Kirbj, West HotWy 
Jofippili Kixi^bt, Eaq^i East LftTaut 
Q, Knott, Eaq,, Ctjckfield 
The E^r. Dr* KaowLes^Qrantbam 
John Lning, ^s^*i C.E., H&dtings 
Mr* Richard Lanibe, Lewes 
Henry C Lane, Esq., Muiiiletoti 
J. G. LungliiLDi, Efl([,, UckiiL^cl 
Be?* H. Latham, FittLeworth 
WiUiam J. Lawt^ Kiq., Bright oEi 
Jftmefl Lawreitoe, Eaq-, Battle 
Ch&rl«fli I«&wreu(^ S^ttji Battler 
J. Wise T^vion, tlsq*, Ciimbervell 
Misoi Iji»cb» Clapham 
Ecir, W» Lee, Ttiobridge WelJj 
U« IS. Legge, Esq., Lavant 
Ehot. H* Leggijj LaTanl 
Lewes Libriiry Societj 
Lem^ Meehi^iiic** Institution 
Hi^ Leiilie, West UilII, Aberdecfn 
Mr* E, Lenej, Lewe« 
■Tbomfla L»?win, Esti.^ tfield 
Her. Joba Ley, WahlroD Rectory 
Mr. J. Lin4ridg)»j, HiiAtiDgfi 
BflT. James Liptjott, Fitidan 
J. Lister, Esq,, Cmwley* 
Sir Ch^rk^ Lciocwk, Tunbridgf* Welts 
LieDt*-CoL (1. K. Ctirr Lloyd, Laurin:if 
Hilt Tllncsy Long, Alboiim Pbcis 
Mtsi EmmA TjUit^j I-i^>ng; Alb>iim PWe 
Mr. John Longloyj Tanbndgtj Welb 
Mr. B, Fry Loof Tanbrid^rj Wtrib 
Stephen Ujwd<?ll^ EBq-t Lmdfield 
M, A. Lower, E»q., F.S.A,, Lewe^ 
Loft iiri Lowndes, Esq*, Eoiitboanie 
J* O. LQxfe>rd, Esq*, Ehgb&m. 
BcT^ G. Luirford, Felphara. 
John CIaj Lacaa, Esq., FSA., L^wev 
C. E. F* Lntwidge, Esq., TnDbridg© WeUt 
Hon. FtiiQeis G, Molytieut, Tanbr. Welli 
Liidy Miller, Frojle Pnrk 
W. Towoley Mitfoni, Esq., M.P*, Pita HiU 
EcT. T. A. Miibcrly, CuJkfield 
Majur M iieAdam, Ctiek&^lii 
Rcrr, J* Ommaney McCarrogher, Natharst 
•D* Mftckinhiy l3jq* PoUokahieldi, Gks- 
John Macrae, EBq., Lf^wea [^aw 

loMmU-Cohm^l McQuet^D, Cbailey * 
J, G, Maleolm, Eaq^ Wadon 
F. ManuiD^f E«|., Le&miDgtoEi 
Mr, TboiDdd Ki£rtiji, Cliffp, L«wei» 
"fhilip Mo^rtiacan, Esnj,, Hantingi 
\m H»,vli?y Mu*on, Em,, Cbich«»ter 
tmph Mfti^eTj E«q*, F*S*A., Lif^rpool 
fenry Mityrti- ' " f1\kfieM Lodge 



Mi» M^li^il, } 
FnmcU Mewburu 



Ldi 



..dge 



jrrimci^ mewuuru. ii^dq*, iikrlingioa 
JUif. W, Miehcll, Drijciiton 
E. f H - Esq., Puti^raaeld 
E H'll, Boftbam 

G.' i^oi, Kpq.j Lewej 

Mr4. Motik, Lewaa 



Thoa. Monk, Emj.j Lewea 

Raif, E* Moor% Weston, Spalding, Lincoln- 

W. Moi^n, Esq*, Uiikiield [«hiro 

Frederick Morgan^ Est[*, Ilenfield 

— Morgan, E^,, Pt*t worth 

Mr. Jobo Montier, Timbridg^ Well* 

C. J. Mnggridge, Era., Twieki^Dliam 

W. Mnaday Esq*, Wt*rtUing 

Lady Dorotby Nenlle, Pet4»r8field 

W. North, Etq. M.P., Wpstuiinntflr 

Fnnierick North, E«a., M*R Hajjtingi 

Rbt* Charles W, A. Napier, Wiaton 

H, F- Napper, Eflq,, Gnildford 

Mr. William Na«b, Tunbrid^* Wella 

Mrd* F. B* Newman, Cflmbndge 

Mr, T* Newman, Tnnbridgo W*.4b* 

John Newton^ Eio^ Tanbridge Wella 

J. Newton, Esq., Hotley 

C. H. Ni}win|7toD, Esq., Tict^^barst 

John GoaghNiehols,Eflq.,F.S A*, Brighton 

Ecv. W. L*NiE:hoK Bath 

Mrs* Nicholson J Lttwe« 

J, P, Nightingnle, Esq.,Tho Mount, Wiltoa 

T* J. Nuakea, Eao., London 

Cbarlea Noakes, Esn., Fmmfiold 

Mr. J* Nonke«, Chiodiuglj 

WiLlinm Noaices, Eaq*. Tioehnrit 

Mr, WUBara Noakca, Tanbridge Wijlli 

Capt* Noblo, Forest Lodgio, lUr^eld 

E«\r* W. NouTse, ChLpham 

T. H- Noyen^ Kaq,, Bordbill 

T* Herbert No TPrij Esq*, Jun.^ Home OMos 

•Thi! Bishop Jf Oxford, F.«.A., 

ArcbdeacOQ W, Brui^rL^ Utter, CawTold 

Rev. Jamea O'Erieo, Brighton 

Rer. John Ohve, E{?Ilingly 

Mrs. W, Olhvor Eastbonrn© 

•E. L. nrmerod, Esq., M*D„ Brighton 

•I'Vedariu Qnvryj Etq^, Tr-B.A., Cjndnn 

Cob A. J. Eeynell Pacsk, CB*, Avisford 

Mrf , Pack, ATisford 

Sir Woodbine P^ish, F.G.S., Bt, Uonarda 

Bev* Edward Heneago Paget, St* Leonards 

Hi^nry Padwiek^ Esq., Horaham 

Lt*-Cob Flkii3«, Paieham 

Cornelias Paine, E»q.j Jan., Snrbiton 

W* D, Paine, Esq*, Reignte 

T, PapiUon, Esq*, CroWhnr«t Purk 

G, di^ Parie, Esq., Brighton 

Rrtv. Charleg Parker, Bodiam 

Thomiia Pkirku^r, Esq., Lamberhnrst 

Edw. Parkinson, Eaq., Brighton 

KmVi M. Parrington, ChicbMler 

Rpv. Edward Parry, Klddermiiistisr 

Hr. J, L, ParaonB, M?wei 

Mr. C Parsons, Lewei» 

Rt*v. A PaxMtns, Lewe^ 

Henry Paxton, Eacj,, West dean 

Apsley Pellatt Esq*, Ci2ckfi4jld 

•lliigh Pmifuldj Esq*, Rttatington 

Barclay Plullipit, Esq^.. Brighton 

John Phillips Esq., Haiitings 

Mr, John Phillips, Worthing 

Sir, Frcdk. Picktou, London^ 

Rot, R. W. Pier point, Eastbonrne 

Rev* Frands Allen Pig^utt, Wortbmg 

BcT* C* Piikington^ Cliuh eater 

Manaton PipoQi Esq*, De«rswood 



xvin 



SUSSEX ARCHJEOLOGICAL SOCIETlT. 



•Ear* T. Pitman, Eastbonrno 

•John Heary Flowes. Esq., London 

EeT. W. Plucknett, Horeted Keynea 

Mr«. Po§tletliwnit«* HiirtiDg 

A, Pott, Esq,, Bentbara HilT 

Eev. T. Bftdeji Powell, Newick 

Rev* William Powell, Ni^wicik 

Artliur Powell^ E^., Dorking 

Jam 63 D, Powellp Esq*, Newiek 

Charlos Puwt*11j Keq,, Speldhurat 

Rev. Riebmimd PowolL South Stoke 

Mr.W* Poion, Brenchlej 

EeT. John Pratt. Seddle«oofnbe 

Willinm Frees, Esq., Heatlifiald 

Jolin E. PriE-N*, Esq,, London 

C, U Prinoe, Esq. Uckfield 

Mr. E, Palliniorei', Leires 

Eeir, P, De Putroo, Rwimill 

J&mm Ramxbotham, Esq., Crowborongli 

G. W. Rawdon, Eiq,, Bath 

Mrs. RAwdo% Bath 

Patrick F, Hobertdon, Esq., HastingB 

R* G, Rivpei\ Esq., Chicheeter 

H. Reeves, Etsq., iTailfthani 

Rev. H. RtK-kfl, Angmeriog [Heigate 

G» GihtJon RicharJjaou, Esq.. (^rlantle, 

Mr, J. M. RiehstrdsoQ, Tdn bridge Welb 

Mr. A. H. Riohardaon, Tanbridgii Well* 

T. S. Richartlaoti, Eaq., Litt 1111^400 

•Samuel Eioha^rdH, Ewo., Blmlinmr, Acton 

John Hickman, Jud.^ Esq., Lbw^s, 

Bev. R, Ridsdale, Tillington 

Rev. Albert Jaiiiea RobtirtSj WfvJhuTfft 

•Rev. Divic Rol>ertson, Beedjng 

Dr. Lockbart RfiWrtson, Lanatic Aaylam, 

Hayward^B Heath 
A, Rohinjtm, Enq-, T^^^ant House 
Bev. Daniel Rfick, D.D.» London 



G. Rootd, Em., London 

Col. Holden Roee, Fannera^ Wivehifield 

T. Rods^ Eaq*, Hastings 

Hj. Ros^t Esq., Hwausoomba 

Mt* E. Roflwellj Lewes 

Mr, L^ EuBsell, Hai^tiap 

Henry Rndyarfj, Eiv|., Echin^haTn Lodge 

BtST. Henry Joim Rush, Hiistiu^lon 

Mr. Albit>n Russell, Lew^ 

"Rm. J. C. Russell, Lovred 

Th^ Earl of Sheffield 

Dowager Lady Stanh^y of Alderley 

•Sir John ViUiers SUellej, Bnri;, M.P., 

Marestield Park 
Sir Sibbald D, Scott, Bt., F.S.A., London 
Evelyn Philip Shirley, Esq.. M.A , F.S.A., 

M,P., Eatington House, Warwickstiir© 
Ald^man Salomons, M.P.. Tunb. Welk 
The RcT. J. J, Saieit, TuubriJgK Wells 
Ret. W. de St. Croii, Glynde 
H«v. G. St. Qointin, St Leonards- on -Sea 
A. Sampson, Esq., Lewea 
Thomas Sanctuary, Esq,, Horsham 
Rev,R.E.Siinderflnn, Ifilbtirg Houae, Sea- 
Major Sandham, WiirthiTjgtfln [ford 
F. T. Sanger, Esq., AlfriBtrm 
Bȴ^. H. Rulei Sitrrol, Baleombe 
Mr. Js. Sandere, Uuilifham 



Mr. W, Sawyer. Brighton 

J. H. Sdater, Eaq.. Newick Park 

G. Scrivens, Esq,, Hiurtln^ 

Wm. Scriveas, Esq., Hasttuj^s 

Rgv, E. J. Selwyn, Bbickbeath 

Warden Sergison, Esq., Cucktield Park 

Rev. W« S^r^son, SlaagbMrn 

Capt. Settle, R,8.A., Southorer 

•W. Drew Lucjia Shad well, Esq., Fairligbt 

G buries Shard, Esq., Brigbt^jn 

John Sharp, Esq., Tunbndge Wellt 

Hunry James Shaipe^ Eaq^ Hartby, Wint- j 

ney, Hants 
Thomas Shiffner, Eso., Uckfield 
Rev. G. Croiton Bhifftier, Hamjsey 
J. T. Simes, Esq,, Brighton 
Henry Simmons, Esq., Seaford 
T. Foi Bimpson, Esq,, Tunbridg© Welli 
Rev, H W. Simpson, Bf>ibiU 
WiQiarii SUUet\ Eiq., London 
H. L, Haialv, Eaq., Afihurst Lodge 
Wm, Tyler Smith, Esq,, M,D., 7, Upper 

Grosvenor Street, London 
Charles Smith, Esq., Hastings 
Samuel Smith, Esq .Clmrmiin Dean 
W. Foster Smithe, Esq., Brighton 
W, J. Smith, Esq,, Brighton 
Franeis Smith, Esq,, Salt Hill 
Frederick Smith, Lm,, Lamb^irhnrst 
Rev. Garin Smith, LL.D., E<?ttingdeau 
Rev, Harris Smith, D.D., New Shorebam 
Rev. Henry Smith, Dens worth 
John Smitli, Esq,, Biudert<on 
R. Norton Smith, Esq., WnHhin^ 
Mr. J. Rnsseli Smith, London 
Mr, John Smith, Lewes 
Mr. J. Smith, East Grinstttad 

E. W. Smyth, Ksrj,, Wailhnrst 
Lewis Smytho. Esq., M.D., Lewes 
Mattitww Suooke, Esa^, Cbi oh ester 
Mr» S, Southerden, Hiiilsbam 
Rev. E. *Sonthw<DMxl, Newbuven 
Tbjmas Speneer, Esq., WaruiTigeamp 
H. G. W, Sperling, Esq., Pom bury 
Walter Sprott, Esq., MayfioM 
C. Sparrell, Ebo^, Dartford 

F. W. Staines, Esq,, St. Leonards-on-Sea | 
Mrs. Stau field, Donning'ton 

Rev. A. Stead, Ovinedean 

W. St-edman, Eiq., Jdh., Horsham 

J. P, StilJweil, Esq., BJtb 

Sir Walter Stirling, Bart,, Groombridge 

Miss Stone, HersttnonceDit 

F. St<me, Esq., Tunbridg*? Wells 

W. St^mcj Esq., Tunliridge Wtdls 

Rev. John Strotttfeild, UckUeld 

Rev, R, S. Sutton, Rype 

Rev. G. A. SwaJnson, College, ClucbeKter 

Rev. J. T. A. Swun, aucka*dd 

•John Swift, Em|., KajitLourne 

Mirts Syms, Horahum 

Lord Talbot de Miilaliide, P,S,A- 

Rev. Sir Henry Tlusmpaon, Bart., Frant 

W. Tanner, Khu., PaieWm 

Rev, Hill 1 lb It , Tat lui m , l)ii3 lin gt on 

W^ K. Taylor, Ei«j., M.D., Pulborongh 

Rev, F. Teed Lowes 

John Terry, Esq., Brighton 

W. Broderick Tboma«, Esq., EattoD 



SUSSEX ARCHiEOLOGlCAL SOCIETlt'. 



mx 



* 



I 



■ B. E 



P. F. Thmnftv^'q^j Rfttton 

Bot, AtihuT Thotuad, Rc>ttitjgdeaii 

W, Thotnsini, E«!q^ Sydenbtitn 

Arelttbald Thorpe, Em., Hartingi 

V^il«ri€k Ticehurst, Eaq., HiwUiigf 

Mr, B, H. Thorpe, BiitUe 

W. J-TiUer. E6i|., Tbe I*rjuieh!ae, Barwaeh 

Very RflT. Canon Tiernej. F,B.S., F,S Ju, 

Aumdel 
Wa. Tite, Es^., M.R, F.S.A,, London 
Mr, F. Tootb, Brighton 
T. R, Tothill, Ebci-, Seaford 
•J* J* Tonrle, Esq. J Lrnidoa 
Mr. Grnrgt* Towner, Clifl>? 
RadiArd Trt*w, Eao.j Bt|^ning 
W. Fa&ml Tribe, Eeq^^ Worthing- 
Eer. T* Tmcke, Brighton 
R«T. E. Troll«>|M?, F.S,A„ Sleaford 
B- Trotter, Em., T*yfctHl Lodge 
C. F. Trover, Eiwi., Wefltmiofiter 
BeT. J. C, Tatfnell Edburtoji 
Beir. E. Ttaruer, Mareafield 
J. SiaroTttmer, E*^., Chjngton, Seaford 
Ber, B. TumeTj Mares Geld 
Hrw. Jolin Tumeir, HnrM-Pj^rpoint 
Rog<?r Tamer, Esq-* ^S-^J* Petworth 
Kjchohis Tyat-kej Emj., M.D.^ Chiclit?stcr 
J. E, D. TjBgea, Em|., F.S,A.j Brighton 
G. Trrf ell, Eaq, 
B<<T. B» VOTiiibies, BonchuTOh 
R*^v, F, Vincent, Slinfold 
Bt*T. T. S. Vogan, Walb<»«ion 
Baj'iihf Coimtega of WaldegraTe 
L«dT Tictorift LoBg Wellealey, Albonrn 

Bon. imd Bov, Begioald SackviUe West, 

Withjam 
Hon, Percy Wymlham, M,P», Petworth 
Hod* Miii Wynrlhatn^ Petwortb 
Dowag«r Lftdy Webster* St. Leonarda 
SirT, Mnrron Wilson, Bart., Searli^i 
l>* H* M. Wagner, Esq., Bt. Leonarfla 
•W, 8. Walford, Eaq., F.S.A., London 
B«T, G- A- Walker, Chidhwo 
Dr. Wftlllijrj Tunbridff e WelU 
•W* H. WfllU Esq,, Fembnry 
Bot. W. Wallinger, Tnii bridge Welb 
BoT. H, Widtef s, L.M,, Havtingfl 
WiUiuQ Wnnflejj Esq., F.3^., Bognor 



Reginald A. Wim'en, Eaq,, Prewfcon Pla<5e, 
ReT. W. WatfcinB, Cbioheater [ArnndBi 
Edwaid Waugh, Esq., Cackiield 
•Alhcuft Wi^y, Esq., F.S^, Wonham 

Manor 
^Richard Weeke*. E»q^ Hnrrt-Kerpoint 
Geor^y Weikea, E*q., Hnrit-Pierpoint 
Harnftou Weir^ E«q., PeckJiam 
Be?. H. WdleMlt7, D.D., Priiidpalof Neir 

Inn Hall, Oxford, Hurotmonceux 
Lord Wu«t, Buckhurat 
F. G. Woat, E»q., Horliam HiOl, Thaitdd 
N. WetherelL Esq,, Hurit Green 
Ed. We^fton, Eaq., Hornfley 
Geo. Wcaton, Em, 

Captain Rd. WetherwlLT on bridge Wella 
Henry Whitley, Esq., Tnnbridtfe WoUa 

E. Webtter Whiatler, Esq., Uftilaluiiii 
Richard Wldtboiim, Esq,, Godalniing 
H. W. White, E«q., l^ndan 

Bey. Benjamin Wbiteloclc^ Groomhridg© 
T, Whitf«aJ» Ean.^Lawee 
G^org^(« Wbitfelcfj Ekj., Lew* « 

F. U. WilLiam»on, Esq,^ Newick 
Rev. J. S. Whiting, Storring^on 

John Stotio Wjgg, E«kK, Tunbri(3g« W©11< 
*CoL WiJkinaon, Lindiield 



P, Eichard Wilkinion, Em,, Brighton 
J, B. Wihnot, EBq,,M,D„ tonbndge^ 



Well* 



J. Hewet*oti Wiboii, Esq., Worth 

MiSfi Wingfield, Chford 

EeT. D. Weabam, Eridge 

Henry Wood, E§q., Tunbridge Weill 

John Wood, Ebo., Rickatead Pkc© 

W, L. WoodSj Eaq., Cbilgrove 

Eev, G, H* Woods, Shopwrke Hoose 

Jo«pp!i Woods, Esq., F.S^A., Lewe» 

Mrs.Thoi^ Woodward, WinkinhorBt 

R. Wollajton^ Eaq., Beigabe 

Mr«, WoollffttT, Lcwea 

Mr* Wm- Wren, Tnnbridge Welli 

Thomaa Wright, Enq. P.aA.. Brompton 

R«v, John J. P. WyAtt, Haw ley, Bagehot 

♦Hugh Penfold W vatt, Ew^., London 

ReT. Henrj Wynoh, Tunbndg^? Well* 

Thorns Yonng, Esq., Cnmbiirwoll 

Edmond Young, Eaq., Steyning 

William Blackman Young, £«q.j HAatingia 



Homrrttrif Iffetnbm. 



B. Breton, E»q., PerenBey 

M, Chflj-nuL, Pr&fident deA Antiqtmirefl de 

Kormandie, Caen 
MJ'AbbcCochet, Dieppe 
M. r Abb^ de Corde, Bore*, K^tifclutel 
Hngh Welch Diamond, Eaq., M.D., F.S.A,, 

Twickenham Home^ Hon. Fhol<jgrapher 



Mr* Thomaj Huflon, Lewei 

Charlea Eoiwh Smith, Esq,, F.S*A^ Strood, 

Kent 
Bev, F* Spnrrell, Witham 
Bev, E. TroUope, F.S.A., aeoretary to ih» 

Lincolnebire Architectural Society 
i Mr. ThomM W«lltt, Horat-Pierpolnt 



RULES. 

1. ThMl tbe SodeiT thmSl aroid all topaoi d rcif^oot cr poiitkml coatrareny, 

aod eLali remaia L2hi£(<nd«nt. th<>Ggh villin; to co-^-fen:e «iui jiznilar Societies 
br friend > cdCJzia&icaQva. 

2. That ihe Sociecr shall consiii of MearNsrs and H^^cocarr Members. 

S. Tfaaz candidates i'':>r adixiis«zoa be proposed asd Mcoadt?ii br nro Members of 
the Societj. and elected as anr Meecin^ oc laa ComziiiBee. or a: a General Meeting. 
One black Lail in fire to exclude. 

4. That the Annual subechption of Ten Shilling shall become due on the Ist day 
of January, or £5 be paid in lieu thereoL as a compctfitioa ior life. Sahscriptions 
to be paid at the Leweft Old Bank, or br Pv»s-odSce orvier. co Geobge MoLUkEUX, 
Eiq.. Treasurer. Lewes Old Back, or to' any of the Local Secrviarie:&^ 

5. That erery new Meml>er. upon his election. Iv rei;^-iir«d to par . in addition 
to sach :^ul»cription or Competition, an entrance fee of Ten >hLlL:n^. 

6. That Members of either House of l^iri lament shall, on becoming Members of 
the Society, be placed on the list of Vxce-Prvsidents. 

7. That the management of the financial department of the Society's afiaiis be 
placed in the hands of a Sub-Comminee, specially appointed for that purpose. 

8. That the Finance Conmiinee be empowered to remore fnnn the list of the 
Society the name of any Meml^er whc«e Sulick*hption shall be in arrear more than 
three years, and who shall rviuse to pay on application. 

9. That the general affiauis of the Society be conducted by a Committee, to consist 
of the Patron, the Pivaj^ident. Yice-l'rvsideuts^ Honorary ':^*rvtariess. Local Secre- 
taries, a Treasurer, and not less than twelve other MemU?n», who shall be chosen at 
the General Annual Meeting : three Members of such Comminee to form a Quorum. 

N.B. — ^This Committee mt*et at La>wos Castle, on the Thundays next before the 
24th day of June, and the 25th day of December. 

10. That at Meetings of the Society, or of the Committee, the resolutions of 
the msgorit}' present shall be binding, though all persons entitled to vote be not 
present. 

11. That a General Meeting of the Society be held annually, in July or August, as 
may be appointed by the Committee, at some place rendered' inter^ting by its An- 
tiquities or Historical Associations, in the Eastern and Western Divisions of the 
County alternately ; such General Meeting to have power to make such alterations 
in the Rules as a msgority may determine, on notice thereof being one month pre- 
Tionsly given to the Committee. 

12. That a Special General Meeting may be summoned by the Secretaiy on the 
xequisition in writing of five Members, and either the Presidents or two Vice- 
Presidents, specifying the subject to be brought forward for decision at such 
Meeting, and such subject only to be then considered. 

13. That the Committee have power to admit, without ballot, on the nomination 
of two members, any Lady who may be desirous of becoming a Member. 

14. That the Committee have power to appoint as Honorary Member any person^ 
Including foreigners, likely to promote the interests of tlie Society ; such Honorary 
Member not to pay any Subscription, and not to have tlie right of voting in the 
afiairs of the Society, and to be subject to re-election annually. 

15. That the Committee be empowered to appoint any Member Local Secretary 
for the town or district where he may reside, in order to facilitate the collection of 
accurate information as to the objects of local interest, and for the receipt of Sub- 
scriptions, and the distribution of Circulars and Books ; and that such Local Secre- 
taries be ew-officio Members of the Committee. 

IG. That Meetings for the purpose of reading papers, and the exhibition of anti- 
quities, be held at such times and places as the Committee may determine. 

17. That the Secretary shall keep a record of the prooeedingB of the Society, to bo 
oummttnioated to the General Meeting. 




ST. SICBOkJlS Hi'*rlTii. 




•T. rKTXl'a CHUBCIK 




isrstii* Of mi WEST oatb, ^ 



Stisse:c ^tdjttological O^ollecticrns. 



SOME MEMORIALS OF OLD LEWES. 



By WILLIAM FIGG, F.S,A. 



Shall we go lee the reJiques of this Town 7" 

" Every lane's end ; every ahop^ chnrebf sessiot), hjingiiigi 
Yields & eareful man work/' 



1 SOI 

I Strangers, on coming for the first time to a place of high 
I antiquitj, are very naturiiUy led to rctlect upon the changes 
it inust^ in the course of ages, liuve undergone, and to marvel 
^ what traditions remain clinging about the old streets and 
f huildings, what historical recollections are connected with the 
place, and what royal, noble, or gentle personages, may^ at 
various periods^ have been associated with the spot; how it, 
and its people, may have been affected by wju* or politics, 
during the feudal times and in the civil connnotjons, by which 
tlie C4iuntry has been disturbed in past days ; and the changes 
that have taken place in the lords, the owners of the property, 
and the residents within its limits* It is with a view of 
^ giving a succinct narration of some of these matters connected 
I with *' Ohl Leiees^'' that this paper has been written, and, 
although it may not add greatly to what is already fami- 
liar, some perhaps not very important mutters may yet be 
added, which are not generally known about the place, and 
were imknown to, or may have escaped, those who hive pre- 
Wviously given their attention to the subject* 
■ The great trackway through the forest of Anderida, which 
~ appears to have been in early times the road leading from 
London to this part of the County of Sussex, was nearly 
xni. B 



2 



MEMORIALS OF OLD LEWES, 



identical 



present turnpike 



road through Chailej and 
Lewes was entered at its 
w^estern extremity ; but in consequence of the alterations and 
improvements of the roads, it is now seldom approached 
by this route. 

As a matter of convenience, the description of the locality 
will commence at the Spital, at which point the old way from 
Lewes to Brighton, and to the modern race-course, and 
Mtmnt Harry, crosses the old London Koad, 

The beautiful situation of the ancient town of Lewes, on a 
spur of the Downs, sloping to the east, is so well known, and 
has been so frequently described, that it is not needful to < 
repeat it here. 

Passing the Hospital of St, Nicholas by the road on its 
northern side, and proceeding eastward towards the town, an 
open road formerly passed over a piece of green land, c<)ntain- 
ing about thirty-eight acres, called the Hides, long since 
inclosed and partly built upon. The situation of this land, 
on the ridge of the hill, and sloping for the most part to the 
south, is very charming ; it is sufficiently elevated to afford a 
view southward of the niai^shes, or brooks, as they are locally 
called, and the sea at Meeching, or Newhaven, and on th© 
north over a large extent of the Weald, 

"BeKoldl the Weald, far spread beneath me laj, 
Streak'd with green meadows, like the gardener^s art, 
With darker tracks of ancient forest part, 
W^hence the grey stuoke or wbituiuing spires arise. 

This spot SO admirably calculated for observation, seems 1 
have been fixed upon by some of the earliest inhabitants of 
the Downs, for an occasional, if not a permanent residence ; 
for in the year 18i34, during the excavation for a reservoir for j 
the Lewes Waterworks, about 200 feet to the west of the fl 
Church of St, Mary Westont, several singular pits were dis- ' 
covered, which had evidently been sunk in the chalk for, and 
osed as, habitations. They were about twelve or fourteen feet 
in depth and eight or nine in diameter; they had been filled 
up with earth and rubbishy but when cleared out the 
floors were covered with remains of various animals, 
amongst which were several boars' tusks of a large size, 



MEMORIALS OF OLD LEWMt 



3 



i 1 J U,iU 

1 ing. 
■ out. 



b 



fether with oyster and snail shells ; ' the sides were blackened 
hy the smoke of the fires which had been kindled tliere, of 
which the ashes and portions of charcoal remained in con- 
friderable quantities. At a later period, in digging the 
fouBtlatlon of the present Grammar School^ similar pits ^ere 
found; but, owing to the necessity for carrying on the build- 
ing operations with rapidity^ it was impossible to clear them 
out^ and the opportunity of examining them was thus lost. 

During their akxle in Britain, the Romans must have 
ed over this land in their passage liy the open Downs from 
the eastern to the western parts of the county. Coins and 
other relics of the Romans ha%e been found in and about 
Lewes at vario!is times, particularly at the base of the Castle 
mound, on the south and south-west sides, in a garden in the 
ancient ditch. 

It is a matter yet to be decided whether Lewes was a Roman 
Station; that it was situate on the route used by the Konums 
in their jouraeys between Regnum (Chichester), and Anderida 
(PeTensey), there can be little doubt, Mr. Wright places 
Ad Decimum at Arundel, an(i Portus Adurni on the Shore- 
ham river (the Adur), The discovery some years since, .on 
land in the occupation of Nathaniel Hall, Esq., of a Roman 
villa of considerable extent to the east of Southwick village, 
is suflScient evidence of the Romans having estaljlished them- 
selves pemmnently, in close proximity on tlie nortli to the old 
outfiiU of the river Adur, And with regard to Lewes, he 
says : '' Coins and antiquities found at Lewes in considerable 
numbers, seem to prove that that town must have been a 
Roman settlement of some kind, and some antiquaries have 
conjectured that it was the town or station mentioned l>y the 
anonynious writer of Ravenna, under the name of Mutuan- 
tonis, as being somewhere in the same part of the island as 
Anderida," (Wanderings of an Antiquary, p. L53.) 

At the north-western corner of the Hides stood the Hospi- 
tal of St. Nicholas, founded probably by the first Earl of 
Warren for thirteen poor brethren and sisters, and endowed 
by him. It is said by Leland to have been a cell to the Priory 

at tbe common simil, "bat tUe " Helix porno^Hi/' wliicli has tseeii erroneoualy 
^^^3 not to luive bp*n iiidigmons. This gpemes ww a. favorite disU wiLli tLo 
,nB, n^d is still used nn food iii many p^ji of EuKipe during Lent. 

B 2 




MEMORIALS OF OLD J^EVfEB, 



of St, Pancras* It is mentioned ag belonging to the Prio: 
under the head '^ Perpetiia Elimosina;" in '' Valor Ecclesias- 
ticus/' in the transcript of returns 26 Henry VII L, first- 
fruits office, as follows: — " 13 pan peri bus fratribus etsi^^rorilnis 
hospi talis Sancti Nicholai, in Westowte in Lewes, data per 
dictum primum fundatorera dicti Monaster! i, per annuni^ 
£5 10s, Od." The accompanying woodcut, from a drawing 
hy Lambert in 1779, sliows the remains of the hospital, evi- 
dently of the Norman period, and the building remains neurly ^ 
in the same state at present, H 

The buildings stood in the south-east angle of two roada ™ 
crossing each other, the one on the north side leading into 
the t<jwn of Lewes, while that on the western side was the 
ancient road, wliieli led by Winterlwurne Hollow directly to ^ 
Southover, tlie Priory of St. Pancras, and Meeching, H 

This wit^'probalily the first Iniilding erected on the nideii, ~ 
and was surrendered with the Priory and its possessions into 
the hands of tiie King, Nov. 6th, 1538, by Robert Crowham, 
the last prior. 

Nearly at the north-eastcni corner of the Hides stands the 
fine church of St. Mary Westout, the largest and by far the 
most perfect church now remaining in Lewes. It is transition 
from Norman to Early English, and owing to its lofty jmsition 
is a prominent object in several views of the town. The font in 
this church is of very unusual form and character. There is 
one in the parish church of Denton very similar, but smaller. 
Til rough the kindness of Sir. W» E- Baxter, I am enabled to 
give woodcuts of these fonts. 



4 




^"'^ '^^-^iia^ 



WKSTiiK, 




h 



What a striking contrast to the ordinary repose of this 
peaceful spot, with perhaps scarcely any other huiltling uprm 

■ it hut the Dohle church, and the quiet hospital with it^ poor 
iumates, its tranquil lity undisturbed except by the passing of 
the truveller, or the processions connected with the services 
of the church, must liavc been exhibited on the 14th day of May, 
12G4, when the Battle of Lewes was fought between Henry 
III. and the Barons, with Simon de Montfort as their leader^ 

■ In the early part of the day. Prince Edward, with the flower 
of the Royalist army, on leaving the Ci^stle for the battle-field, 
in all likelihood came through the West Gate, by this way, 
while the King with the Barons who accompanied him, after 
leaving the Priory (for ^Hhe Kyng and his niene were in the 
l*ryorie,**} must have passed by tlie western side of the Hides 
with his ^' royal banner of the Dragon '' — 

** Witli his OBt be wende forth, and areard Hb Dn^jon;* 

on his route to join liis son. 

How different the scene later in the day, when the army 
of the Barons, having broken the ranks of the King's 
soldiers, the hitter, together with the King himself, sought 



I 





« 



MEMORIALS OF OLT> LE\YES, 



safety by a hasty retreat to the Priory, while Richard, the 
King of the ll( mums, hotly pursued, took shelter in a wind- _ 

•• Tbe King of Alemaigne wende do fn\ wel, 
H<3 8iLUede tlie Mulne for a Oaatel, 
"W'itb hftre shnrpc sircrdcs he grounde tbe at-el, 
lie wende tbat the sajrlea were maQgonel.'* * 

The Rite of the Win<lmill hm never been ascertained, 
any certuinty, Mr* Blaauw (Barons' War, p. 180) says: 
" No precise Rpot now retains the tiiulition of this Mill/' In 
a note, on the same page, he quotes the Lewes Monk : " Hiec 
omnia facta fiienint apnd Lewes, ad Molendinuni Suelligi,*' 
which, accc^rding to Spelman, means Hide. In an old map 
of the Wallands, 1G18, which on the southern side join the 
Hides, a windmill is shown on the slip lying between the Wal- 
lantla and the i^oad, and it is not impossihlc that this might 
have been the spot on which a mill stood at the time of the 
Battle of Lewes, Pei^sons flying from the battle-field to the 
CaBtle of Lewes must have passed by this way to the West Gate 
of the Town, and so gn to the Castle, That '^ Kinp Hurry's 
MilV as iit^as aftei-wards called, stood upon the II ides ap- 
pears to be pretty certain ; and it is a curious fact that the 
cottage, with its small remains of a Norman wall, which 
formed part of the Hospital of St. Nicholas, was loi-merly a 
public-house, and bore the sign of ^^ The Windmill" 

Of the ancient history of the Hides but little is known, 
They do not appear ever to have belonged to the Priory of 
St. Pancras. 

Horsfield (History of Sussex, VoL I,, p, 196) under the 
head " 8outhease," has the following : 

'* In the year 966, it (Southease) was given or confirrae 
by King Edgar to the Monastery of St, Peter, at Winchester^ 
as appears from the following translation of a Charter, now 
umongst the select MSS. in the British Museum: ^^ Where* 
fore, I, Edgar, King of all Britain, do give and grant in pure 
and pei'petual alms, to the new chui^h at Winchester, dedi- 
cated to the blessed St. Peter, the chief of the Apostles, certain 
vills called Dunkitone, having 5 hides of land, and the 

» Political SotigSj edited bj T, Wright Esq., p, CU (Caiud. Soo). 



4 

i 




I 



MEMORIALS OF OLD LEWES. 7 

church of Sou these (Suyesse, in Monasticon, Sueisse) with 
28 hides of Land, and the church of Telscomfje (TitleBcumlje, 
in Monasticun, Titele^cumbe) and 10 hides of hind, aud a 
certain portion of the country, viz., two hides of Laud in a 
fajnotts place^ called by the name of Wmierbourn^ &e." 

In Domesdrty survey, Southease is described as held by 
the Abbey of Hyde, and probaljly the Hides were also so held. 

Before proceeding to describe the High-street, leading from 
St, Mary's Church to the West Gate, it seems but right that 
notice should be taken of a paper published in 184G, by the 
Cambridge Camden Society, in illustration of the brass of 
Thomas Ntdond, prior of Lewes, 1433^ in which^ and in the 
notes, the misstatements are such as to ctdl fur remark tind 
contradiction^ although put forth as known to be true^ by the 
Bev* J. M, Neale, of Sackville College. 

** And whanne wee weren att ye top of ye hill over agaynst 
ye chyrehe of Saint Anne^ thanne sette they downe ye beireJ' 
This is supposed to have been written ^Hitte Lewes, ye feste of 
8aynt Austyn, Mccccxxxiu/' This church is invariably 
described as St Marif Westout, in Valor Eeclesiasticus^ and in 
Abstracts of Fines, 29 Henry VIIL, also, and the name of 
St. Ann has only been api^Iied to this church in compara- 
tively late years. The parishes of St. Peter and St. Mary 
were united in 1538, sometime after the church of St- 
Peter had fallen to decay. Of this edifice considerable 
remains existed after the middle of the last century. With 
regard to the route described to have been taken by the 
funeral procession of Prior Nelond, it must have been impos- 
sible^^ inasmuch as there was no gate in the walls of the town 

nJlich the High Stieet could haye been reached, except the 
Gate, wliich was situate at the bottom of a steep 
declivity, and was probably but a small postern; whilst the 
obvious course would be from the great gate of the Priory, 
through Soutliover, by Winterbourn, and past the Hospital 
of St. Nicholas, and so towards Cowfold, It will be necessary 
further to refer to this paper. 

On the north side of the High Street, nearly opposite to 
the east end of St. Mary's churchyard, is a short lane, called 
Ireland's Lane, leading to the Wallands, orer which a bridle- 
way and footpath lead towards Ofi'ham, 





8 



MEMORIALS OF OLIl LEWES. 



Mr, Rowe mentions it as ^^IrelanfTs Lane'' otherwise 
Buckettwin, where the round (? boimJ) stone of the Ijorough 
lieth, over against the east end of the chancel of the church 
of Stp Peter Weston t, alias St, Anne's/' This is obviougly a 
Eiistako, as St. Peter's Church was considerably lower down 
the High Street, and some remains of it must have then , 
existed. ^M 

PiSpcectling eastward, on the north side of the street, stands™ 
the mansiuu (so lung inhabited by that branch of the 
Shelleys which settled in Lewes), formerly distinguished as an 
inn, by tlie sign of '' Tlie Vine ;" it was evidently an Ehzabetlian 
house, )^* tlie inscription in the spandrils of the doorway of 
the pt^*!*^ " L S,, 1577/* It has since been niodernized^ and 
nothing i^mains to identify it with the late Tudor period^ 
except the ► fi'ont doorway^ Adjoining this property is the 
Grammar Sthool, a Imilding of recent erection. Immediately 
in front of the school, on tlie opposite side of the street, stood 
St. Peter's Chiurch, of which some portions remained about 
the middle of the last century, and were of late i)erpen- 
dicular character. The site is now occupied by the rectory, 
and two modem houses- 

^^ Richard Samson, Bishop of Chichester, having received a 
comidaint from the inhabitants of the parish of St» Peter, of 
their inability to support a rector and repair the church, with 
the permission and authority of Thunuxs, Lord Cromwell, the 
King's Vicar General, with the consent of the Archdeacon of 
Lewes, and the assent of the Dean and Chapter of Chichester," 
the parishes of St. Peter and St, Mary West/jut were 
united by deed, dated at Aldingbourne, March 20^ 1638. 

The ancient boundaries of the parish of St. Peter are now 
wholly unknown, but it has beeii stated that it was all within 
the borough of Lewes* At tlie eastern end of the two modern 
houses abc^ve mentioned is a sliort road leading southward into 
what is called Kotten Row, liut which was formerly the 
north end of a street leading from Southover, called Antioch 
Street- It may now be easily traced in a southerly direc- 
tion through the large field in front of the mansion known 
as Southover House. This street is stated to have been 
burnt down, and it is probable that the entry in the 
Town Book, in 1559^ may refer to that event: "For men to 



MEMOKIALS OF OLD LEWES, 



9 




wfttcli wbeii tlie grete fyer was in Wcstout/' In the year 
1595, the 37th EUzcibeth, this street is reported to have 
been inclosed. 

Eastward of the site of St. Peter's Church, there are 
several respectable houses, the last of which ou the north Bide of 
the street^ St, Ann's Honse, now belongs to Mr. M. A* Lower. 
The following are the names of some of its former owners or 
occupiers: — ^lohn Rowe, Esq,, Edward, John, and Thomjis 
Henshaw,* Sir Eoger Newdigate, the founder of the Newdi- 
gate prize at Ozford, Sergison, Rideont, Cooper, and Shelley* 
It contains traces of considerable antiqnity- 

After passing this house, the street gradually narrows, 
turns somewhat to the southward, making a slight 
before reaching the West Gate. On £he gouth 
side is a very steep street, now commonly called Keere 
Street. The backs of the houses and premises on the 
east side abut upon the ancient town wall, and are built in 
the ditch on its western side. The derivation of the name of 
this street is somewhat doubtfiU. l>unvan in his History of 
Lewes, says; ^^ Keere St7*eet^ unaccountably corruptexl into 
Scare Street, is formed from the Saxon notm, eerre^ winding or 
$hping^ the c pronounced hard, to wliich answers the 
Teutonic word Kem^ both in sound and signification," The 
situation of this street, in the ditch of the town wall, seems to 
suggest another origin for the name. The British word caer 
appears to be applied to a wall^ *' and any trench or bank of 
in old Camp is called caer. We premised that word to all 
places of Britain that had been walled by the Romans;** * now 
the wQjiXcerre^ winding, or sloping can hardly be said to descril>e 
this street, which is nearly straight and direct in its des- 
cent, and not sloping. Thfe word caer seems more fitly to 
agree with the position of tins street, Caer Street^ — the street 
in the trench or ditch of the old wall; for the height of the 
groiind, on the inside of the town wall, shows that there was 
previously an embankment of some magnitude before the stone 
wall was erected* At the upper end of Keere Street, on the 

' Tk& Rev. Josi^ph nenahaw^ D,D,, BUhop of Peterborough, 1(133—1678, (wJio had 
been rtH:ior of Heyihot and Eiiit Lamnt, afid Dtfciii ot Cinch ester), was nephew of 
£d ward Henahaw, b«iiig i^ociiid «on of Ma aldeat tfother; TUomm, who was Solicitor- 
Oeii«rtii In I>el»iid. 



* D. Er LaidHj AdFtttaria Porthumii 1733* 




( 




10 



S^IEMOHIALS OF OLD LEWES. 



west side, are two ancient houseSj the upper stories of which 
overhang the street* 

On the east side of Keere Street are alms-houses, emcted on 
the site of a house left by Thos, Matthew, Esq., will dated 
21st Dec, 1688, for the use of the poor of St. Michael, 

On the north side of the street, nearly opposite to Kee: 
Street, is Westgate Lane, (formerly called Cutlers'-Bars, pro- 
bably from the fact that the cutlers carried on their trade 
there), leading northward, under the Town Wall, and, 
before the enclosure of the Paddock, to the open arable land, 
called the Wallands (in Valor Ecctesiastkus^ " Walland sub 
Castro ") a jwrtion of the tithes of which belonged to the 
Priory of St Fancras, valued temp. Henry VIIL at 
£4 13s* 4d. The land from which these tithes arise was ^ 
long known by the name of ^^ The Portion." ^M 

We now come to the West Gate, which stood across the 
High Street, about 40 feet eastward of Cutlers' Bars, It is 
difficult to form an idea of its strength from any existing 
drawings, of which there is one by Lambert, made in 1772, 
shewing the inside of the southern tower. ^J 

From another view looking at the west front, it seems to^f 
have been flanked with round towers, one of which appears ^ 
for many years to have been used as the town prison. In 
the articles concluded, and agreed upon, at a general assem- 
bly in the Town-house, upon Whitsun-Monday, the eighth of 
June, in the year of our Lord, 1595, a portion of the 7th 
article is as follows : — " And if any man, upon reasonable 
warning by the headboroughs, contemptuously refuse so to 
do, tlienf he or they, so refusing, shall be committed to 
the Gato^ qjr pay, to the use of the poor, tiw shillmgs 
and mxpence^ at the discretion and choice of the constables*'* 

The i2th article is as follows: — 

'* 12. It€m> The Headboroughs shall, at all times, carry 
all such persons into the Gate, and set all such persons in 
the Stocks, as they shall be commanded by the Constables, or 
any four of the Twelve^ to do/' 

The company of Twelve seem to have been somewhat harsh 
in their dealings with their subordinates. WTiethcr the Head- 
boroughs in Elizabeth's time were intractable and disloyalj 
and unlike those of the present day, whose docile and quietJ 



MEMOBLrVLS OF OLD LEWES, 



11 



f demeanour is quite notorious, it is difficult to say, but the 
14th article would certainly, from its severity, lead us to 
suppose that they ^eie apt, at times, to be a little uuruly. 

** 14, Item. If the said Head boroughs, or either of them, 
do at any time wilfully and stubbornly, and of a fruward niiud^ 
refuse to do their office in such sort or manner as in any 
articles here is set down, or do proniUy, scoffingly, and irre- 
Terently behave themselves towards the Constables or Fellow- 
ships and so adjudged upon examination before the Constables 
and the felhwship^ or the more part of them^ then they or he 
so offending, shall be for the first offence committed to the 
Gate for three hours, and pay to the poor three shillings and 
ffmrpence ; and for the second offence, to be put in the Stocks 
and pay to the poor jim shillings^ to be disti ibuted by the 
Constables." 

Such appears to have been Ofw of the uses to which the 

I town prison, in the West Gate^ was put ; and if such was the 

' severity exhiliited towards their fellow townsmen by this 
little self-elected, local parliament, as shown in the above 

\ articles^ what would have been their practice and their 

' dealings towards the less fortunate beings who might have 
been brought before them, for the infringement of the more 

\ important laws of the realm ? 

' As this is the point at which we first reach the Wall of the 
Town, it may be well, before proceeding down the High Street, 

L to trace the circuit of that ancient work. 

* Commencing at the West Gate, and proceeding southward, 
the Wall (which may still be seen) went as far as the bottom 
of Keere Street, where tradition says there was a round tower. 

r At this point it turned to the eastward, towards !lie Water 

I Gate ; of this portion there are still some small remains. From 
the Water Gate it extended along the south side of the present 
road by All Saints Church, Fin- Well, and Friar's Wall or 
Walk, to the East Gate, which stood in the High Street^ where 
the roads cross each other ; from tlience in a northerly direc- 
tion to the Green Wall, from the north end of which, taking a 
westerly course, it went to the north-eastern corner of a small 
plot adjoining the churchyard of St* John sub Castro, along the 
northern side of both the plot and the churchyard ; then turning 
to the south by the western side of the latter, it must have gone, 
C 2 




iV 



12 



,\tEMOIHALS OF OLD LEWES. 



in a south-westerly direction, to a point where it joined either the 
Castle Wall, or the Town Wall, on Castle Banks, near the north 
end of Westgate Lane, where there are still some remains^ 
and where stood another roimd tower ; and so in a southerly 
course directly to the West Gate, 

The church-yard of St. John-aul>- Castro, with the small 
inclosui'e to the eastward, now a pait of the Glebe, con- 
taining together la. 3r. 20p., formed a small oblong en- 
campment; and judging from the present appearance, it was 
a very strong positioD at the period of its formation* 
It stands high above the marshes, and on the north and 
west sides, the escarpment is very steep; the south side 
was defended hy a diteh, which is now a garden, and the 
eastern side sloped rather abruptly down to a meadow. There 
was a mound of considertible height on the spot occupied by 
the present church, and it was nearly due south of the west- 
end of the old church. That this enclosure is a very ancient 
earthwork there can be no doubt. Some portion of the walls 
and the doorway of the Church, which was removed previous 
to the erection of the present unsightly and tasteless fabric, 
were pre-Norman ; and the well-known inscription t^ Mognus, 
inserted in the wall, (which is still preserved, together with 
the ancient doorway) affords another strong presumptive 
proof of its antiquity. 

St. John's Chm*ch seems to have been for years in a di- 
lapidated state, and unfit for the performance of public wor- 
ship, Camden, ^^ Britannia," p. 314. 1610, in describing 
Lewes, has the following : — " Howbeit there remain still 
in the towne six Churches ; amongst which, not tarre 
from the Castle, there standeth one little one fdl deso- 
late, and beset with briers and brambles; in the walls 
whereof are engraven in arched worke certaine rude verses, 
in an old and over-wome character, which implies thusl 
much, that one Magnus descended from blond roial of the 
Danes, who embraced a solitarie life, was there buried/' See 
"Sussex ArchoQological Collections,'* vol. sii,, p. 132, et seq,, 
for an able elucidation of this inscription. 

Passing through the West Gate, and looking to the em%:\ 
down the High Street, the view must, in former times, have 
teen somewhat striking; there were at least five churches j 



4 



mifORIALS OF OLD LEWES. 



13 



I 

I 

I 
I 



I 



I 



in sight, four of which were on the sonthern side of the 

These, with the admixture of houses of various descriptions, 
from the smaU tradesman's residence with its low elevatitm 
and little pent shop with its open front and thatched rotjf, 
contrasted with the more imposing ilwellings of the superior 
classes^ with their gables and projecting porches, and the hirge 
nnrnber of Inns with their signs, for the accommodation of tlie 
•CTeral grades of travellers, must have exhibited a scene both 
quaint and picturesque. 

Adjoining the West Gate, on the south-side of the street, 
is a large building of late Tudor character^ wliich was the 
mansion l>elonging to George^ Lord Goring, afterwards Earl of 
Norwich • He was the owner of Danny at the beginning of the 
17th centary, and unfortunately, through the extravagance of 
his son, CoL (ieorge Goring, was obliged to mortgage his estate, 
and, subsequently, to sell it- The purchaser was Peter Courthope, 
Esq*, of Craubrook, who, in 1652^ thus became possessor 
of Danny, and, as appears from a deed of 1719, of this house 
in Lewes also. 

By an Indenture dated the 10th of July, in the fifth year 
of the reign of George the First, between Samuel Swaine, 
Maltster, and Samuel Olive, the younger, Gent, both of Lewes, 
and Thomas Fissendeu, of Lewes, Apothecary, and twelve 
others as Trustees, is conveyed " All that edifice or building, 
in length from the east end thereof to the west end thereol^ 
GO feet, and in breadth from the north side thereof to the south 
side thereof, forty and four feet, either more or less, situate 
and being in the parish of St. Michael, within the borough of 
Lewes, near the West Gate of the said borough, and on 
the south-side of the High-street of Lewes, aforesaid, which 
edifice, or building, or some part thereof, adjoyned to the south 
fide of a messuage or tenement there, formerly an Inne, and 
then called or known by the name of the Bull^ all which 
laid hereby granted edifice and premises, or such part thereof 
as was not built before the purchase thereof by Thomas 
Adams, together with the said messuage and gardens there- 
onto belonging, were formerly sold, and conveyed by Mary 
Oliver, widdow, and Peter Courthope, Esq,, to Thomas Adams 
and his heirs, and were aliens ards, by the said Thomas Adams, 





14 



MBMOBIALS OF OLD LEWES. 



sold, and conveyed to Thomas Barnard, the elder, Gent, and 
his heirs ; and Avere, since the building some part thereof, 
by the said Thomas Barnard, sold, and conveyed to the said 
Samuel Swayne and John Ollive, and their heirs/' 

Tradition has pointed out the house of the Gorings as hav- 
ing been converted into the Bull Inn, and afterwards into a 
Meeting- House; but it is evident, from the above extract, that 
it was called the Bull Meeting- House because it stood ^^ ad- 
joining" to the '' Bull Inn," and was already a Meeting House 
in 1711*1 and proliably fi>r some years previously. 

The property, as above described, consisted of the Meeting 
House, a dwelling house, and two gardens; and in order to 
reduce the amount required to be raised by subscription 
among the congregation worshipping there, the FeoiFees disposed 
of the messuage or dwelling-house and the gardens, as appears 
from tlie following account of the pm^chase and disposition 
of the property : — 

** An accoant of ye money expended in buying the Upper Meeting- House, 
&c., in Lewes, of the Ii<iv* Air. Barnard, and putting it into the liands of 
ye Trustees, in je year 1719^^ — 



The purchase of tlie whole from Mr. B&rnard wrb .,- 
The deeds of conveyance and a fine waa 

The Peofment or Deed of Trust , 

Intereiit paid v?Iijle the dwelling-hou^ iind gardens 1 
were unoccupied, and ye land tax of Do, both was / 



£ 

ISO 

11 

1 



s* d, 





1 

5 10 



TMiole expence was 197 6 10 



77ie ahoi^e expence was discharged as hchw : — 

Sold the dwelling-house and one garden to Mr. Olive for 
Sold the other gorden to Mr. Thomas Stonefltreet for ,,. 
Received Kent for house and garden before sold 
Took out of ye quarterly collection money, to pay for 

Dcwl of Trust ... ,*» ,., 

Received the voluntary benefactions of aundry persona 

whose naraea arc put down with the severiU sumniB an* 

nexed, for which turn over 
ilr. Siim, 8 wane, Mr. Richard Ridge, Mr. Stephen Waller, 

and Wni. AttersoU paid jointly aiid equally to make up 

the full summ expended as above ^ 



JOO 
32 



8, d, 







12 



1 1 



54 14 6 



3 18 10 



So that ibe Totall received was 197 6 10 



The voluntary subscriptions Taried in amount from one 

The tiboYc account is given in order to show 



shilling to £6. 



StEMORlALS OF OLD LEWES. 



15 



W the ralue of this description of property in Lewes at that 
period. 

The dwelling-house above mentiouerl hiis a curious figure 
rf a female sa^ or monkey supporting the angle, which has 
the appearance of considerable antiquity, and seems tu have 
answered the purpose of the ornamental coruer-posts used in 

P' some counties. In the angle to the westward is a male 
figure of siuiihir form, whicli is plastered over. This house, 
called the '' Bidl Inn," and described as adjoining the West 
Gate on the west, and a small lane there on the east, and 
bounded by the Queen's Highway on the north, and two 

(gardens or orchards, containing half an acre, towards the 
souths was conveyed, on 17th May, 25th Elizabeth (1585), 
in consideration of eight score pounds, by Thomas Mattliews 
to Henry Goring, of Burton, Esq. It was the abode of the 
notorious Tom Paine, during his residence in Lewes as an 
exciseman, 

PAt the east side of this chapel, and running south, is a narrow 
lane^ now commonly called Bull Lane, from the sign of the 
adjoining inn ; it leads to the west end of a lane running 
parallel with the High Street, formerly known by the name 
of " Stewards Inn,'' from which there are two very narrow lanes 
leading to the back of the Town wall. 

Immediately to the east of the West Gate on the north side 
of the street is a narrow passage, which led along the back of 
the Town wall to the Tower at the north west angle. 

■ A few yarils to the east of the West Gate and on the 
Bonthem edge of the Castle Ditch is the church of St. Michael, 
or St, Michael inforOy either from its being but a short distance 
H from the Old Market House, or possibly because the market was 
■ held in this part of the High Street. This church is a miserable 
^^^imen of the Gothic architecture of the last century, it 
having been buUt in 1748. The principal remains of the former 
church Is the round tower surmounted by a tall shingled spire 
at the west end — this being one of the three towers of this form 
within the county of Sussex. The other two are at Southease 
and Piddinghoe, villages between Lewes and Meeching, or New- 
Iiaven. This Tower is of small dimensions, being about 14 
feet in diameter, and ia constructed of flints and rough-cast; has 
on the south and west sides a quatrefoil opening near the top ; 




1 



10 



HHM0EIAL8 Or OLD LKW^ 



in aliout 30 feet high, and climes not ba^er* It b probaWy 
of fhe Early- English perictd. These mimd towers are rare in 
thirt j>urt of England ; they are most numeroiis in Nurfolk and 
Huffr^lk; but there are some to be found in Cambridgeihir^ S 
Berki^ljire, and Es^*x< One only occurs in Snrrey, at Tooting- V 
** Whether these towers owe their form rather to the titnem fl 
of the flinty material of the countiy for the circular sbape^ so 
prodai*.tive of strength, than to caprice and fashion, it is dif- 
ficult to decide ; particularly when we reflect that the Iniild- 
irig of them is confined to one century, and that they abound 
in J^^mH^ and are rare, or not to be tbund at all, in other dis- ^ 
tri**tA where flint is the natural product* That they are imi- H 
Uiihm of the military round tower is 1 think highly probable; 
the dmim of that form may have arisen from its being found ^ 
nc!t well a<la]>ted for Ixdls." Archieologia^ xxiii. 17- fl 

On the 23rd May, 33 Henry VIIL (1541), the Rectory of ^ 
HL Mii'.hael wm granted to the Dean and Chapter of Canter- 
bury, anrl on the 10th Dec, 37 Hemy VIIL, (1545), St 
Mitvlm<*l'« and St. Andrew's parishes were united. (Patent, 
ptiTt 17) and Nicholas Santlers, then Rector of St Andrew's, 
wea named Kecfor of the united parishes. 

AlKiut, tlii5 middle of the XVIL century, there was great 
rrifiiity Khowti oti tlie part of the Independents towards the 
**Ii4*o[Il(! runcil (imtkerH," which led to the latter suffering a 
coriMid(*rtil»h' amt>nnt of persecution. In "an abstract of the Suf- 
iWiU^H f*f the l'i*r>[d(* eallcd Quakers,'* under the head, ^^ For de- 
ehirifjgTrurh in Htt'e]>le-houses,&c./* 1658, we are informed that 
*» Mary AkflitirNt, ol Lewi^^ gt»ing into the Steeple-houm csHeA 
Ht MSc^IjiuI'm tilt re, and nsking a question of an Independent 
Vrivnt^ whi> hml then preaclied, w^as hal'd out by the people, 
iMirl aft^^rwarrl hy Ikt husband so beat and pincht, that she 
riHiId n(»t lilt ii]» her arms to her head without pain," Mary's 
hiothiitjd m*vn\H to have been a great brute, for under dat^ 
Iflfi^l, we Ibid, ** Mary Akehurat, of Lewis, suffered much cniel 
UHag(^ tVom her own husband, who, because of her reproving a 
pri(*»t tliat had belied her^ bound her hand and foot, and 
gri(*voTjKly abiml bur. At another time he bound her with a 
great iron chain, and kept her so night and day for a month 
together, because she would not depart from her profession of 
the Truth, to which she constantly adhered." 



MEMOHULS OF OLD I*EWM; 



n 



This Mary Akehurst is probably the sarae person who is 

* of Simse^D Archmilogical CoUectionJi^ 



was 



"St 



I 



Hlliided to in toL su 

p, 176; and Thomas Akehurst, mentioned p. 178| 

of the same family* 

In the paper published by the Cambridge Camden Society, 
before referred to, it is mis-stated in a note that *' Sir John 
Bradford was buried in the church of St. Jlichael and AH 
AnxfeU^ and that there still exists a small brass of a Knight^ 
of which the head and legend are unfortunately lost^ lint 
which is by tradition said to be his. And this is confirmed 
by a small brass to a Priest, also extant in that church, and 
bearing the same narae>" 

Here we have the same kind of error and mts-stat^ment put 
forth, and calculated to deceive and mislead. This parish was 
never styled St, Michael and All Amfeh^ but as before stat-ed, 
"St. Michael in faro'' Witli regard to the bnusses, the small one 
to the priest is to John Bradford, a former rector^ and as to 

t of the knight, there is not the slightt^st tnith m the 

tenieut that tradition ai^cribes it to Sir John Bradford- 
Indeed, there is no tradition about it; but, judging from the 
arms on a shield near the right shoulder of the figure, it was 
intended to commemorate a Dc Warren or some connection of 
that family. 

A little to the eastward of St. Micliaers Church, on the 
opposite side of the street, is a shurt lane called St Sirithin*a 
Lane^ running from the High Street into Steward's Lin. 
Still further to the east, at the south-west corner of the road, 
leading to the Castle Gateway, stood the ancient Market 
House^ a wooden edilicc, pulled down about the year 1789, 

It seems that in Lewes, as in some other places in the 
kingdom, the market was held in front of, or near to, the 
Gate of the Castle of the Lord. 

A market appears to have Ijeenheld within this borough in 
the time of Edward the Confessor, as it is stated in Domes- 
day Book, that, " The seller of a horse pays one penny to the 
Chief Officer (prepositus), and the purchaser another; if an 
ox a half-penny,** &c. By his second charter, the first Earl 
of Warren makes the following grant, by which he gives the 
Monks of St. Pancras the sole liberty of selling wood, &c. 

** Moreover, I give grant and confiim to the said monks. 




18 



MEMOKIAI-S OF OLD LEWES. 



the whole market of wood in the town of Lewes^ to be kept in 
the wood-yard three days in the week, viz,, on Tuesdays, 
Thursdays, and Saturdays, from Whitsuntide to the feast of 
Bt. Feter ad Vincula (August 1st); and that after the said 
feast they shall, if necessary, have the market in common 
with the men of Lewes, as well of flesh as of fish, and of all 
other things which shall come for sale, and which they may 
want to buy for the use of themselves and their guests, &c-" 

Another charter, by which William (2nd) Earl of Warren 
gave to God and St. Pancrace, and the monks of Lewes, 
** totum mercatum Uffnorum in Villa de Lewes^ et primum 
mercatum in ead^m^ et in aliis locis ubi forum habettir de 
carnibvs^ piseibus^ and omnibus aliis rebtts.^^ Watson, vol. 
1, p-90. This seems to he a confirmation of his father's grant 
above named. 

The Castle of Lewes stands in a most commanding situa- 
tion, having extensive views to the north and south, while to 
the east and west considerable portions of the Downs are 
overlooked. From whatever point it is seen it forms a 
prominent and striking feature in the landscape; its lofty 
position above the town seems to indicate its former import- 
ance, and although it has gone to decay, and but a small por* 
tion is now to be seen of the noble stinicture, which, in the 
days of the De Warrens, constituted it at times, both the safe- 
guard and the terror of the surrounding territory, still, 

" The ruins speak that sometime it wai a wortby building;" 

The Castle of Lewes is of irregular form, and contains 
within the limits of its walls, about three acres and a half of 
land ; it is situated near the western boundary of the 
ancient borough, and is in its greatest length, from S*W, to 
N.E., about seven hundred feet, and in its greatest width 
about three hundred and forty feet. Its form will be better 
understood by referring to the plan. At each end is a mound ; 
that on the north was formerly called the Bray or Brack 
Mount, and it has small remains of masonry on the southern part 
of the summit; and on the southern one the Keep, or Donjon, was 
erected. On the north, east, and south, the walls of the 
Castle were defended by a ditch, while on the west a very 
steep escarpment sloped fi*om the wall down to the Hangman's 



;i 



I 



UEMOBIALS OF OLD LEWES. 



19 



I 



Acre which formed part of the tenantry arable land called the 
Wallantls* It was the fee of that fiiiictionary when the 
lords of Lewes had the power to execute maleftictors. 

Something more than half the external walls may now be 
seen^ but not the smallest portion of the buildings of the base 
court can be traced- In all probability the materials were 
sold to the inhabitants of tlie town and used in other erections. 
In contirmation of this view I find in an account book of John 
Bowe, Esq., '^ Disbursements about the stone wall near Mrs- 
MorIey*s stable in the years 1620 and 1621/' 

Paid to CaJlawaje for 6 loads of pand^ out of the CiwUeT and 2 loads, 

mud dL from the bridge, and du load of flints -.* , „,..» v'-ix*- 

F«id for carria^ of the tUnta from the Caslle ftt vid. the loiida.i..«. zxxix*^ 
For tlie iinU, at 4d. a loode *... ........«..>«. xjtvi*^ 

And in this wanton manner, and for the sake of the small 
amount of money the stones would fetch, how many other of 
our ancient buildings have been destroyed ! We know this to 
have been the case with the walls of the venerable Priory of 
St* Pancras, and those of the Castle of Pevensey ; but let us 
hope^ now that we have so many societies similar to our own, 
whose members are continually watching over the remains of 
the stony relics of the grandeur of past ages, the perpetra- 
tion of such vandalism wiU become impossible- 
It has been doubted whether the site of the Castle was oc- 
cupied by the Romans, but there seems much probability that 
it was ; for by far the larger portion of coins and other remains 

■ of that mighty people, which have been brought to light in 
Lewes, have been found within it, and in its immediate vicinity. 
Many c^ins have been found in a garden which formed part 
of the ditch on the south-western side, and lately in clearing 
away the buildings within the precincts, a very good specimen 
of the lower stone of a Roman quern was found. It appears 
to be of the same material as the upper stone described on 
page 69 of Mr. Charles Roach Smith's " Catalogue " of his 
''London Museum." 

H Mr- Smith says ; " The upper stone of a hand-mill or quern 
Tnoia manuaria^ or versatilis. It is formed of the dark porous 
lava, which abounds in the Eifel, and the neighbourhood of 

H Andemack, on the Rhine, where it is still quarried and worked 

■ for various kinds of mill-stones. The lower part of these 



» 




20 



JUMOltlALS OF OLD LEWES. 



hand-mills 18 fixed and slightly convex. The npper stone, 
through which the grain ran, was moved round it by an iron 
Iiandle^ the remains of which are seen in our specimen, 
Iland-raills of this kind were extensively imported into 
Britain hy tlie Romans, and fragments are found in all parts 
of the country where there were Roman settlements/' 

This object is now in the Society^s Miisenm in the Castle; 
it is seventeen-and-a-half inches in diameter, and very perfect^ 
and has an orifice at the side for the escape of the meal from 
between the stones* 

That the Keep of this Castle was originally a circular Norman 
buihling, there can be no doubt^ and similiar to many others 
of the same period; Coningsburgh and Castle Acre, both be-' 
longed to the first Earl of Warren, as well as that of Lewes, and 
were of this form ; the Keep of Arnndel Castle was the same. 
This original circular area, about 75 feet in diameter stiU 
remains, but at a subsequent period the two octagonal towers 
were added; these contained three floors, the lowest on the 
level of the ground, the second on the level of the top of the 
wall within side of the battlements^ the thickness of the 
widl fomiing the alureor passage within the battlements, from 
wliich the sentinels could watch. From this passage a door 
opened into the middle floor of the eastern tower, and from 
thence a circular stair at the nortli-eastem angle led to the 
summit of the tower. The arrow slits, 
on the lower floor of each of the 
towers, have been cut away from the 
ttjp, and a small arched wirulow in- 
serted at some later period ; the 
accompanying wood cut exhibits the 
external appearance of one of these 
windows* The windows of the eastern 
tower were enlarged to their present 
size when the towers were fitted as a 
temporary residence by the late T. R. 
Kemp, Esq, 

The doorway of the Western Tower 
is of a period probably as late as James 
the First. Over this door is a double 
rose. Between the Towers is a fire place havhag an openingof 




I 
I 

I 
I 



MEMORIALS OF OLD LEWM. 



21 



ten feet, the jambs of which are built from the xt^tmd to the 
heifrht of two feet with small sriuare tiles^ gimlliur to those of 
which the fire-places iu Bodiam Caatle are formed. This 
would place its probable construction in quite the latter end 
of the fourteenth, or the beginning of the fifteenth, century* 

The architecture of these Towers has never been thoroughly 
examined by any one sufficiently acquainted with the varioxLS 
details of the several styles of our castles. 

In Parker's Domestic Architecture of the XIV. Century 
(p. 16.) it is remarked:-^" At the beginning of the century 
(XIV.) the only edifices really entitled to the name of Castles 
were fortresses built in the Nonnan period^ and subsequently 
rendered habitable for ordinary use, by the construction of 
additional buildings within the enceinte. Of such the main 
feature was the Old Keep, which was invariably at this time 
in a very dilapidated condition, having been deserted for the 
more recent habitations reared within it^ enclosures or baileys/' 
It appears to have been a fashion in the time of Henry 
III. and Edward I. to remodel the Norman Castles: at that 
time Newcastle Castle underwent this process, and it shows, by 
comparison^ '* how nearly the remodelled Norman edifice at 
Newcastle resembled the Plantagenet castle in plan." 
Parker's XIV. Century, 

That the Castle of Lewes has undergone this process of 
remodelling is quite apparent. The form of the Towers^ 
which were added, is very uncommon^ these generally being 
■ sqnan?, fis at ArundeL 

H These few particulars respecting the Keep at Lewes will, 
Hit is hopcfl^ attract the notice of some archEBologist, who has 
^byde the architecture of English Castles his special study ; and 
^™ly this means we may anticipate a full description of the 
details, and the dates of the alterations* 

■ In 1530 (22 Henry VIIL) Lewes Castle was the county 
prison ; and the commission of gaol delivery was to deliver 
the prisoners there. 
~ About twenty -four feet in advance of the ancient Ni^rman 
entrance in the southern wall of the Castle stands the 
Barbican or Gateway.^ It is flanked by round towers 
slightly coi*beUed out, and has a staircase tower at the north- 

* ^ee Snawi Arcliajological CoUections, VoL 6, p. 127. 




t 



28 



MEMORIALS OF OLD LEWES. 



western angle ; it has machicolation^^ and the low wall at the 
back of the machicolations, which are perfect, has been restored 
from the portions remaining. The battlements and their 
eoping stc^nes are ancient ; there were tivo poi^tcullises, and 
drawbridge. The passage was groined with clumsy riljgj^ 
which appear never to have been finished; the two windows 
are trefoil headed* The interior is now divided into two 
rooms, the upper one being nsed as a Council-Chamber 
and Library by the Sussex ArchseologicaJ Society, in whose 
occupation the Ciistle has been since the year 1850* 

The date of the erection of this Gateway is about the 
middle of the thirteenth century ; and not long before the 
Battle of Lewes* On the eastern side of the way to the 
Ciistle Gateway stands the house formerly occupied by T. 
Kemp,Esq,,andT, R, Kemp, Esq., his son, both of whom, foi 
some years, represented the Borough of Lewes in Parliamen 
and were lessees of the Castle* 

The Castle Green, probably that which is now the Bowl- 
ing Green, appears formerly to have been an open space, and 
nsed occasionally for public purposes — among others for 
religious meetings, it being a retired spot. In 1658 a party of 
Quakers having assembled for the purpose of worship, were 
disturbed and maltreated by a mob, on account of their pecu- 
liar religious tenets ; this seems te have been a common thing 
in those days, and reflects little credit upon the Christian 
charity and forbearance of the Independents. In the ^* Ab- 
stract" before mentioned is the following passage : ^^For meeting 
together, and going to meetings :" — 

1658 ** After the like ^barbarous manner were Friends 
us'd at their meetings in Leicis ; for their windows were fre- 
quently broke, and their persons abused by water, dirt, and 
cow-dung cast upon them. At one meeting at the Old Castle 
Green the rude people, and among thera sons of the Inde- 
pendent Professui-s, came with swords, guna, and pikes, run- 
ning violently upon Friends as they were kneeling in the time 
of prayer. And at other times have fi'equently thrown among 
them squibs of gunpowder and other fireworks, to the burning 
of their clothes and wounding of their bodies/' 

Verily aquibbing seems to be an ancient institution in 
Lewes I 



ie 
i- I 



MEM0EIAL8 OF OLD LEWES. 



23 



On the south side of the High Street, and nearly opposite 
the entrance to the Castle is a lane leading from thence to the 
back of the Town wall, a little westward of the Water Gate, 
and here stood the church dedicated to St, Martin, which gives 
nanae to the lane. The east end of Steward's Inn joins this lane 
a few yards from the High Street* 

It would seem that the parisli of St, Martin was in some 
way recognized so lately aa lfil2| for in " A rolle of several 
armors and fiimiture" which the clergy of the Eastern Divi- 
sion of Sussex were called upon to find we have — 



** Bt, BIartin*B in Lewen — Mr* William Imans, parson \ 
Hampton Mr, Higanbothame, parson / 



a Musquet 
furntflhl^dt " 



H Several houses in this part of the street bear traces of con- 
^ sideralile antiquity, and app<3ar to have been of such a des- 
. cription as were probably occupied by professional men and 
h men of independent means, not aiipiring to be occupiers of 
^ mansiom* 

The next street on the south side of the High Street is 
Watergate Lane, a steep street or lane which led from thence 
to the Water Gate in the southern wall of the t^iiwn- To the 
south of this, and within fif'ty or sixty yards of it nms the 
Winterboum Stream, which at the point where it crosses the 
road leading to Southover, formerly spread itself so as to form 
ft pond^ and was ti^aditionally called the Mill Pond, Tra- 
dition had also fixed upon this mill as the one in which 
Richard King of the Romans sought shelter, and ** saisede the 
mnlne for a castel ;" but this matter has been already explained* 
That there was a mill at this spot 1 think there is no doubt, 
^and it was probably called the East Milly for in a deed dated, 
Hthe *' Tenth daye of October, in the seaventh yeare of the 
Raigne of our Souveraigne Lord King James (1609)," there 
is s description of a piece of land, as follows ; — '' One parcell 
of meadowe conteyning by estimacon halfe an acre, be it more 
or lesse, lyinge in Southover, next IFg^toill bridge aforesaid, 
als (alias) Pankridge (Pancras) bridge, and boundeth to highe 
r waye leadinge from the said bridge to Lewes on the east, to 
■the water-stream aforesaid on the south, and to the Glebe 
^Landes (of St. Ann) albresaid on the north and west." 




24 



MEMORIALS OF OLD LEWES. 



The above is a true description of a garden formerly belong 
ing to the Shelleys, and at the east end of which a row of 
cottages^ called St. Pancras Terrace^ has subsequently been 
erected. 

From the above extract of the deed of James the First's 
time, it is quite clear that there was at some time a mill ut 
Pancras bridge (on the road from Rotten Row to Southover), 
which was called the West MiUy the tradition of a mill having 
existed near the Watergate, and the name Mill Pond having 
remained almost up to the present time, affords great reason 
fur believing that this must have been the locality of the East 
Ilill^ and the fact of two mills being erected on a streum ^ 
which was but a Winterhourn before the Conquest, is verji^ri 
singular. ^^ 

In the Higli Street on the east side of Watergate Lane 
stood the church of St. Mary in the Market, the last remains 
of which were destroyed in 1856, when the house into which 
the church had been transformed was pulled down- Some of 
the arched timbers which formed the coved ceiMng were found 
in a toleral>ly perfect state- ^J 

To the eastward of Watergate Lane is St Andreid*s Lane^^^ 
The chm*ch which stood here belonged to the parish of St, ^ 
Andrew^ which was, as we have seen, united to St. ilichael 
in 1545, On the west side of this lane stands the g 
mansion formerly the residence of William Campion, Esq,,M 
and previously of several members of the Pelham family;™ 
it was the property of the Duke of Newcastle, whose 
intimate political connection with Lewes and this part 
of Sussex in the last centuiy is well knovra The 
house is said to have been erected from a design by Inigo 
Jones. The dining-room is luied with oak paneling and 
carving, part of an older house. 

Two large shields on the chimney piece contain the follow- 
ing arms, the second differing from the first only in tlie 
crescent, marking the bearer as a second sou. 



1. 

3. 
4, 



DEXTER, — Eight QuAETsmncs* 

A clieveron between three acmuletB— a crescent for dlfierence. QufV^l 
On a chief; two imilletj*. Saint John, 1 

On a cliiei'^ thrcH? pbtcs. Vtimo^s, \ 

Three iiona pnaaant between two eotiBe* in bend. Browne. (Montagu)* 



MEMORIALS OF OLD LEWES. 



25 



ft 
ft 



ft 



5. Barry of sU, an a canton a leopard's head, (blundered by t^e carver) 
Badmyle. 

6. A fesse ermine, between tliree martlets* An annulet for diference. 
CottrL 

7. Tliree pelicans Tulning themselveap Felhmh 
Si Fretty* Echingham» 

SINISTER— TirnEK Impai^memt^. 

1. On a feaae between tliree estoile^^ b^ many mullets. Ep^rard, 

2. On a bendt three double'beaded eagles. 

3. A lion rampant crowned. DarelL 

CEE3T,— A Liow Rampakt. 

These armorials belong to George Goring, Esq,, of Oviiig- 
dean and Lewes^ son of Sir William Goring, of Burton, in 
tMs coimty, who died in 1553, His first wife was Maria^ 
daughter and co-heiress of William Everard, of Sussex, Esq., 
and be appeal^ from this achievement to have married twice 
subsectuently. His son, by MissEverard, George Goring, Esq,, 
married Anne Denny, sister of Edward, Earl of Norwich, by 
whom he had issue Sir George Goring^ created Baron Goring 
of Hurstpierpoint 1626^ and Earl of Norwich 1646. Inf. 

IHON . HATHORN . 1579., apparently the name of 
the carver, is on one of the figures. It is difficult to account 
for these carvings being found in this house, except upon the 
supposition that about the time it was in course of erec- 
tion, the interior fittings of the house of the Gorings, in the 
West Gate,were taken out in order to fit it for a Meeting-house 
for the Presbyterians, and preserved by some ^^good spirit" 
of that day, and placed in their present position. 

On the north side of the street, and nearly opposite to Stp 
Andrew's Lane, stands the house which belonged to the family 
of Court, and was used as a residence by the Duke of 
Newcastle, during bis occasional visits to the borough. 

Adjoining this house, on the east, is the County Hall, erected 
on the site of several houses which were cleared away tor that 
purpose, and finished in 1812. 

Opposite the County Hall is the White Hart, which on the 
south and east sides exhibits in the chimney and in several 
windows, remains of Tudor, or at latest Elizabethan architec- 
ture. This house belonged to John Cressett Pelham, Esq., of 
Crowhurst Park, near Battel, and was sold after his death. 

xni. E 



miBpMt^^m 



«f lilt White 



Hot) rtoodi 19 to &e jmt ISlfl, liie Tom Hall; it wm a 



rf aioiUfeectQTal pnet^mrifiifi, ewted in the 
1761. it 1ldl^geiftiiihefc«^^ndk^ lien rebuilt 
mi wpmed att Ae etyiiMi rf Ilie ii fc iiiitnwtw ^ The building 
nUA ocnpied du ste pRfwiiHly to 1761 was of wood. 

1b MMifMMB or Ik MBMal of Ae Tmrn HiE, or, as it 
was ray oooDMitf a3bd» Ife flEiwiiwi Hcttse, 17 an ofderof 
flfinriifn m daaae ww inacrteA m Ik Act of Faiiiameot, ob* 
taiMd in 1808, fir He crartav «r tiiB fmemt C<ttiiity HaU, 
^ To aaUe tie biA tf Aa twaigt ta hold Courts 
Oanrts Baraa viliM Ik aaii Shire Hall; and the 
\ ftr tk tiaae kuo^ and oikr iikUtaatBi to make 
of Bs^eaaea to aom in Faifiaaiiftt fiir Ik said 
borons ur an j olkr jMm fifiaea fir which Ikf kd been 
amMliaiifii li! wnr tfr jr ■■ ■ * ^tT r- -^^ " ^¥7 -^-^1 hnrr 
iMwariaw" TkBara^^EfeclicaisaadlkCciwtsLcet hare 
kM kid in this building fron tkl timiw 

We k^v mm anived at what tnaj be called tk oatre of 
the t0wni whoe l2i« Town Hall and tht chief inns an located ; 
and on the right and left of the High Street, are St. Marj's 
Lane and ISakr Street, nam two of tk jirincipal ^itlets from 
tk town^ te tk north and aovdi, filming a croGsway with 
tk High-itraet 

Tk name of Fisher Street appeara to lie an old one, being 
mentioned as earlj as the time of Jamea 1*, but there is not even 
A tradidon to hmt to ns that it was ever inhabited by fish- 
mongers. It was usual, howerer, for man? years for the 
Juggs,^ who brought their fish from Brigbton, to congregate 
at this spot for the accommodataon of their customers. 

It seeniM rather an uncommon thing that in so old a town 
m Lewes there shcjuld be no tradition even, of particular 
trailes having been carried on in any particulai' streets or 
portions of the Vmrough, Except the street immediately 
to the west of the West Gate which was anciently called 



4 

« 

4 



' ' T lottil Romfi for the fish-wirea of Brigtion^ trbo tatae fWjm tJiftt town mih 

ti ir ilotikcjB, lu tW txLse might bf^» \^iyn with &i.h tr» h& lold in Lewoa. 

'ikr.^ u..,,ri, fuatti wiuofetr llii* Domifi, and hf Kingston Mill. Tke tieep ro«i4 down 
ihi« nr/rth-oiKl Annlia of £tngsi<m Oofms ia vKat ia c^jromonlj eoUed & B^snUiWf And 
fruqaeist wto hy tbeie peofple it recei?*^ Ihe niune of Jogg^s BonteUi wluch 



aLill ^Ukm. Btw Suawai Ax€Sk, 



Coli 



lu ses, Ttu. 16&, m* 



MEMORIALS OF OLD LEWES. 



27 



I 



w 



Ctttler's-bars^ and here in Fisher Street, no allusion is known as 
connecting trades with streets. 

At tiie comer of St* Mary's Lane, on the east side, stood 
the church of St. Mary Magdalen, which appears to have 
been a separate parish from St. John sub Castro, with which 
it WIS at some subsequent period united. 

In the Court Book of the Manor of the Borough of Lewes, 
is the following entry : — ► 

**42 Elimbeth (1600), 5 Sept Richard Bishop, and 
Alicia his wife, surrendered a third part of a croft of land 
with its appurtenances, lying within the parishes of St. Mary 
Mid St. John Baptist sub Castro^ within the Borough of 
Lewes/' 

To the east of Fisher Street, on the north side of High 
Street, stands The Star Inn^ which is undoubtedly one of 
the oldest Inns in the town, and is known to have borne the 
same sign before the time of Queen Mary. The present struc- 
ttire as seen from the street presents little or no appearance of 
the early origin of the bouse ; the plan of the ample front, %vith 
the broad prcgecting porch, gives no means of judging of the 
style of the early erection. The interior has no features 
of a period earlier than a century and a half ago, if we except 
the very fine staircase, which was brought from Slaugham 
Place, and fixed in its present position, and some panelling 
in two or three of the sitting-rooms, which in all probability 
came from the same place- 
In Vol. X. p, 163, of SiLssex Archmological Collections^ 
IS an engraving of the above staircase from a faithful drawing 
made by Mr. Nynian Lower ; and Mr. Blaauw, in speaking 
of the destruction of Slaugham Place, says : — ** When nearly 
the whole house was pulled down in the last century, the 
carved oak staircase which formed the communication with 
the upper rooms was removed to Lewes, and, though somewhat 
maimed in its proportions, was put up in the Star Inn, where 
it itill remains an object of admiration. The quaintly carved 
devices on its newels and friezes are very curioius and charac- 
teristic of the period/* 

The Charter- House in London contains a staircase of tlie 
same period, having the same style of ornamentation^ but of 
inferior workmanship. 



MEMORIALS OF OLD LirVTES* 



I 



A paper OB " Inm and Inn Signs," Suss- Cofl., voL x,, 
p. 185, has the following remarks u^m this bouse: — ** The 
Star Hotel at Leweg bore that designation so far back as 1555, 
when it acquired a considerable degree of local historical cele- 
brity, from its association with the Marian persecution. It 
was in the High Street of the town^ immediately in front of 
this inn, that many of the ^ witnesses' of the Protestant faith 
heroically met their doom*" 

It is in that portion of the Star which now forms the cell^^ 
and the st4Bps by which yon descend into it, both from the in- 
terior and from the High-street, that considerable arcMtectural 
remains are to be founds and of a period probably consider* 
ably earlier than any to be foimd in Lewes^ except some 
portions of the walls of the Priory. The arch under the 
western portion of the front of the house^ and the arch on the 
steps leading from this celhu* into the street^ exhibit in some 
of the mouldings, characteristics of work of the XIV, cen- 
tury- 

The size of this cellar is about 45 feet by 12 feet; the 
Taulting is extremely good, and is constructed of squared 
chalk ; it is a barrel arch, without groining or ribs. 

From 1272 to 1566 the Sheriffs served for Surrey and 
Sussex, and the gaol was at Guildtbrd,^ In the third year of 
Henry VIL (1487), the state of this district was such that 
the inhabitants presented a petition to Parliament for the 
erection of a gaol, for — 

" Whereas that grete murtherers, errant theves, mysdoers, 
breakers of the Kingis peace^ contrary to the Kingis laws, 
within the Countye of Sussex, have been arrested^ and should 
be committed to the Kingis Gayle, ther to abide accoixling to 
the Kingis laws ; and, forasmuch as there is no Gayle for the 
King within the same Countye of Sussex, the Kingis sub- 
jettes ben gretely greved, and annoyed, and many horrible 
and grete murthers and felonies ben left unpunished ; and for 
that the comon Gayle for the King of the said shire is at 
Guildeford, in the Countye of Surrey. , , . where- 
fore that it may please the Kingis highness, considering the 
premises, by the advice of the Lords spyritiial and temporall 
and the comyns in this Parliament assembled^ and by the 

• Sqq Siue, Arch. Coll.t yoL 12, p. 97. * 



UEMOBIAIS OF OLD LEWES. 



29 



I 



^ 



anthoritie of the same, to ordain, establyshe, and inact^ that 
a comyn gayle for the king for the aforesaid shjre of SuEsex, 
shall he had from the daye of the begynninge of this present 
Parliament forward, in a place convenient within the town of 
Lewys, in the same Cotmtye of Sussex, in lyke manner and 
founae as before time hath ben in Guildeford." 

After the above petition^ Lewes Castle was, as we hare 
seeni used as a gaol ; the fine vaulted cellar of the Star Inn, 
however, has led to the supposition that it was used as a 
place of confinement for prisoners 

During the persecutions in the reign of Queen Mary, in 
the year 1555, the vaults under the Star are known to have 
served as the prison of some of those unfortunate persons who 
suffered tor conscience' sake at that time. It has been 
before noticed that in 1595, the prison for the town of Lewes 
was in the West Gate. 

On the south side of the High Street, and a short distance 
eastward of the Star Inn, is St Nicholas Lane^ which derived 
its name from the church dedicated to that saint, which stood 
in the open space opposite, in front of the pi-esent Croivn Inn. 
This lane leads from the High Street southwards, into 
the way which runs fiom Southover to the East Gate, and 
which was within the walls of the Town* 

Some time subsequently to the year 1319, the church of 
St, Nicholas, which probably belonged to the Priory of St. 
Pancras, and which stood on the north side of the High 
Street, at the top of School Hill, became dilapidated, and 
was afterwards long known as the ** Broken Church." The 
tower remained until the year 1761, and in it huDg Gabriel^ 
the Town Bell f the lower part being used as a blacksmith's 
shop. In 1834, when the pipes for the piurpose of supplying 
the town with water were laid, the trench was dug through 
this spot, and the ashes and other matters found, proved that 
it had been a smithy. 

Little fuither is known about this church, until the 34th of 
Queen Elizabeth (1592). On the 30th of March, in that 
year, the Queen granted (amongst other hereditaments in 
Sussex, and many other counties in England) to William 
Tipper^ and Kobert Dawe, of London, gentlemen, to hold of 

* 1665, "Tte ComKioii Bell" wu new coii thie yeat. 



30 



MEMOBIALS OF OLD LEWES. 



4 



I 



the Queen, as of her manor of East Greenwich, in free and 
common soccage, '' All that the late chapel or church of St, 
Nicholas, decayed and ruined, commonly called the * Broken 
Chmch,* now converted into a tenemenl^ situate, lying, and 
heing in the town of Lewes^ in the county of Sussex" ; annual 
rent 8d. 

The Constables of the Borough appear to have had posses- 
sion of this site before the grant to Tipper and Dawe, for in 
the Town Book in 1571, it is stated that ^Hhisyear the Con- 
stables and Fellowship leased for twenty-one years," a piece of 
waste ground within the walls of the Broken Church, at the 
yearly rent of 3s, 4d., towards the defrayment of the town 
charges. 

On the twelfth of April, in the year 1592, Tipper and 
Dawe sold the Broken Church to John Corle, of Lewes, 
" shomaker," and on the twentieth day of May, following, 
John Corle enfeoffed the same unto " Richard Byshopp, Ed- 
munde Aspten, George Freeman, William Stempe^ John Pel- 
land, William Claget, Thomas Springet, Edwarde Newton, 
John Fuckell, jun.» John Harman, Edwarde Homewood, 
RiGharde Aspten, William Burrell, jun,, Richard Kidder, jun., 
John Holtcr, jun,, John Byshopp, George Claget, Thomas 
Trayton, jun,j and William Pennell," This deed is witnessed 
bj Lawrence Newton, Constable in 1584 and 1593, and 
others. ^d 

These feoffees appear to have been among the principal ^( 
inhabitants of the Borough of Lewes, and most of them, either 
previously or afterwards, served the office of Constable, 
Richard Byshopp was in that office in 1592, and probably on 
that account his name stands at the head of the list. 

After this time the Broken Church seems to have been held 
by the Borough of Lewes, On the 18th of January, 1667, 
another feoffment was made by Richard Kidder " sonne and 
heire of Richard Kidder, late of Lewes/* 

This deed of 1667 expressly sets forth the uses to which 
the Broken Church is conveyed to the new feoffees ; namely : 
"To tlie intent^ neverthelesse, that they and theii* heires 
shall and doe, from tyme to tyme, and at all tymes hereafter, 
permit and suffer the Constables for the tyme being for the 
Borough of Lewes^ aforesaid, to receive, take, and enjoy, all 



4 



MEMORIALS OF OtD I.EWE8. 



31 



I 



fmd singular, the rents, yssnes, and profitts of the said de- 
cayed chnrch or chappell, and premises, for and toward the 
defraying of the necessary charges and expenses which they 
are at during the time that they continue Constables^ accord- 
ing to the ancient custome, which hath been used beyond the 
memory of mae.*' 

This deed is witnessed by Ferdinand Brian, who was Con- 
stable in 1668, 1676, and 1683; and others. 

' Gabriel,' the Town Bell, seems to have been used as the 
ciirfew bell, fnr, under the year 1690, the Town Book states 
that an agreement was entered into with Thomas Barrett, of 
Lewes, an eminent clock-maker, by which he was to have 
twenty shillings for mending the clock, ^* to be paid to him as 
sone as hee hath mended him," "Also hee is to have four 
pounds paid to him yearely for ringing the bell at four in tlie 
morninge^ and eigfit at nighV 

The remains of the Broken Church continued in the pos* 
session of the Constables till the year 1761, when the tower 
(the only portion left) was pulled down, on account of its 
ruinous state, and the site was thiown into tlie Hig]i Street- 

From this part of the High Street, a way diverges in 
a north-easterly direction, and forms the modern Market 
and North Streets^ but there is not even a tradition that it 
led to anytMng more than open fields. The angle formed by 
the junction of the road with the High Street was formerly 
called '* Aylward's Corner^" but the name htis been long lost* 

On the south side of the High Street, the next lane east- 
ward of St, Nicholas Lane, is Walwer's Lane ; this pro- 
bably tt>ok its name from a family who formerly possessed 
property in Lewes. In a subsidy roll of the Rape of 
Lewes, in 1296, under the head ^^ Burgenses de Lewes," 
the second name we have is ^* WilL le Walewere^'' and farther 
down in the list '^ Matilda relicta Walewere.^^ William 
Walewere was M,P, for Lewes in 1319 and 1323, Roger le 
Walewar, and Roger le Walewar appear as witnesses in Lewes 
Chartulary, pp. 62» 100, UL See Sussex Arch. CoU., VoL 
IL p. 303. 

The next lane eastward is Church Lane; the name is 
abviously derived from the fact of its leading from the High 
Street directly to the west end of the churchyard of " St- 



32 



MEMOEIALS OP OLD LEWES, 



Peter the Less." Upon the miion of the parishes of St. 
Nicholas, and the Holy Trinity^ with St, Peter the 
Less, the two former churches having gone to decay, the 
latt^sr edifice was fitted up, and became the parish church 
of All Saints, the name given to the united parishes. 

We then come to a lane called Broornan's Lane^ which 
leads in a south-easterly direction from the High Street into 
the way from All Saints Churchy to the East Gate, opposite 
to the western boundary wall of the Friars. A little to the 
south'west of this road is an ancient well, called Piii-tcelL 
It was within the limits of the grounds belonging to the 
Grey Friary ; it was approached by steps, and was to all ap- 
pearance a way -side well. The road from Pin-well to the bot- 
tom of School Hill was conmionly called Friars' Wall^ or 
Walk. 

Brooman's Lane is the last on the south side of the 
High Street, running into the road leading from the East 
Gate, southward and westward, by the ancient chmrch of St^ 
Peter the Less, and the Water Gate into Southover, On 
the north side of the High Street there is now a street called 
Albion Sti^eet, which was built about forty years ago, on the 
site of an old mansion. 

The exact site of the Church of The Holy Trinity y^nB said 
to he on the north side of the High Street, witliin the East 
Gate. In an old document, the house now occupied by Mr, 
Kobert Crosskey, as a shop, is described as the " Church-house,'* 
which appears clearly to fix the before unknown site of this 
church. 

At the cross-roads at the bottom of School Hill, stood the East 
Gate of the town» hut there are not the slightest remains to 
point out the spot on which it was built. The road to the 
north from this point led into the fields, hut the road which 
now forms the modern street called Great East Street, was a 
narrow hollow way, and led into the road from St. Nicholas 
Church to the north-east. Near to the northern end of this way, 
and to the river, hut within the boundary of the ancient 
Borough, there was an old tan-yard, and a small house, pos- 
sibly of the seventeenth century. 

The High-street to the eastward of the East Gate, leading to 
liie bridge, seems to be the commencement of a causeway which 



i 



MEMORIALS OF OLD LEWES. 



33 



I 
I 



uded the High Street of the Cliff, and may be ascribed 
the Romans, At the naiTowest places on the rivers in 
Snsse^c, on the main tracks over the Downs, causeways exist. 
At Anmdel there is one which gave name to a religious house 
there. On the Adur, the one from Bnimber to Seeding is 
sufficiently obvious; there was also one at Lewes above men- 
tioned; and a short one at Glynde, on which Roman coins have 
been found ; and the last^ at Long bridge near Alfriston, takes 
yon on tc} that portion of the Downs which forms their abrupt 
eastern termination in the parishes of WLllingdon and £ast- 
bonme. 

The streets to the north of the site of the Ea^t Gate, are 
all modern. 

Between the East Gate and the Bridge, on the south side 
of the street, stood the house of the Grey Friars, or Friars 
Minors ; its walls enclosed about 18 acres of land, and extended 
on the west, along the sti'ect caUed Friars Walk to Pin Well, 
and from thence to the bottom of St. Nicholas Lane; on the 
south it was bounded by the Winterbourne stream, commonly 
called the Spring-ditch. Besides this messuage, there .were a 
bam, a dovehonsej and a wood. The friars also held the 
meadow called Swan's Nest, in All Saints, containing two 
acres, and a meadow called the Wish, containing three acres, 
in All Saints^on which the workhouse was afterwards built ; and 
also a messuage, warehouse, and wharves, subsequently in the 
oc<*upation of Ambrose Galloway,*'' and afterwards of Sir H. 
Blackman, adjoining the other premises, on the west and 
south, the river on the east, and the highway leading to the 
Cliff on the north, together with the ponds. They owned 
abo the tithes of corn, grain, hay, wool, and lambs, of the 
lands called Houndean, Smithwick, and Randolph, Ashcombe 
St. JIary Westout, and also Ashcombe in Falmer, with soma 
tithes in St, John-under-theXastle of Lewes, and Barcombe; 
and the tithe of cheese, and otlier tithes great and small, in 
the parish of Plumpton.** In 1542 the site was leased to Sir 
John Gage. On the 12th of March, 1544 (35 Hen. VIII), 
George Hay don, Gent-, and Hugh Stukeley, Esq., requested 



*■ 9et Sum. Arch. CoJL, XI. p- 176. Mr. Gallowtty^B troubVM ore prommentlj noted 
L moitt tEe Stifferinga df the people oolka QuaJceri* 
I ^ OM nee^ of the Covii Family. 



3rai. 



F 



u 



B^MOBIALS OF OLD LEWES. 



to purchase or lease the property of the then lately dis- 
iw)lved house,'" On 14th .June fallowing (36 Hen. VIll), a 
grant of 5d. was made to George llaydon and Hugh Stukeley^ 
and from them it passed to John Keyme^ who died seized 15th 
Aprils 1585, leaving his niece, Joan, daughter of his brother 
Richard, and wife of George Powlett, his heiress. In the 
time of Charles L, the estate was the property of Sir John 
Shurley, of Isfield, who died here, 25th April, 1631, having 
married Dorothy, daughter of George Goring, of Danny, and 
wid(jw of Sir Ilenry Bowyer, of Cuckfield, Knight* The 
Ah'oclcs were afterwards ownersT and on the death of William 
Aic^>ck, who was buried in St- MichaeFs chancel in 1662/^ the 
(intperty went to his co-heiress, Hannah, who married Thomas 
Pcdlatt, eldest son of William Pellatt, of Bignor- She made 
her will in 1691, which was proved Ist February, 1693, en- 
tailing this estate on her only son, William Pellatt, High 
Shcritr in 1688, and his heirs male, and in default to her 
daughtf^rs, Hannah, the wife of Richard Shelley, Esq,, and 
Mary, the wife of Richard Payne. William Pellatt, the son, 
married Grace, daughter of Apsley Newton, Esq. She ^ 
died Ijefore 1690, and he married a second time, Elizabeth ^B 
Payne of East Grinstead. William Pellatt, the eldest son by ~ 
the first wife, died in 1740, u bachelor; his sister, Elizabeth 
married Julm Court, of Lewes, ironmonger, and died s* p. 
1724* Apsley Pellatt, of Lewes, and Leicester Fields, 
London, the next sou, succeeded; and m 1803, after the 
death of his son, Apsley, the property was sold by his three 
sons, and the greatest portion of the estate was conveyed, on 
29 th March, 1804, to Mr. George VerraU, of Lewes, Sir Fer- 
dinando Poole, being for many years the tenant* Mr, George 
Verrall sold off several portions for building, and the re- 
maiiidGr was purchased, after Jlr, Verrall's death, by Mr. 
Nehemiah Wimble, by whose representatives it was sold 
to the London and Brighton Railway Company* The 
mansion, with all the other buildings, was pidled down, and 
the original Lewes station erected on the spot. The only por- 
tion of the ancient buihlings remaining was the Chapel, which 
had been converted into a barn. It contained traces of 
Early English work. 

" InTentory m Augmentation Offioe. '■ ChTOcHwardeni^ Aocountt. 



ftlEMOBIALS 07 OU) LEWES. 



35 



I 



I 



From Tery early times it seems to hme tieen a custom for 
00 thing manors and places, to have within the walls of forti- 
fied towns, or in their immediate precincts, a portion of 
land, or a tenement, where, in case of need, the inhabitants of 
such outlying places were able to shelter themselves either 
within or under the walls of the city or town held of the 
monarch, or some powerful haron, his tenant in capite, 

A very early instance of this is cited by Mr, C* R, Smith, 
in his 5th yoL of Collectanea AnHqua, 

" A-D, 804, Ceonulf, King of Mercia, and Cuthred, King 
of Kent., joined this year in a charter, granting to the Abbess 
Selethi-ytha and her family, at the church of St. Mary ever 
Tirgin, which is situate in the place called Limming, where 
rests the body of St, Eadburg (ubi pausat corpus beatce 
EadburgsB), a portion of land in the city of Canterbury, as 
a retreat in time of need (ad necessitatis refugium).** 

The same thing seems to have taken place in early timea 
in Sussex, for in Domesday we find that no less than twenty- 
four or twenty-five Manors within the Rape of Lewes and 
the domains of the Earl of Warren, had tenements in Lewes; 
and in most, if not all, of these are described a certain num- 
ber of hagm or shops, which would indicate, that, not only 
were the^e places of refuge, but also shops or stores in which 
the produce of the several Manors might be stowed, in order 
to be brought for sale into the market before the castle gate 
of the Lord, 

Mr, Parker, speaking of the Town Houses of the fifteenth 
century, says : *' No doubt^ as the wealth of the country in- 
creased, they underwent great improvement, but as far as we 
can judge^ wood was still tlie chief material used in building 
them ; for this reason especially we have few examples remain- 
ing." In mentioning the materials used in the construction of 
the houses of that period, he remarks : " In the chalk districts 
the bouses are frequently faced with flints, cut and trimmed 
(lt>cally, snapped), and arranged with great skill and effect, 
of which there are fine examples at Norwich and Sandwich, 
and many others in different parts of Kent and Sussex*" p, 23. 
And further — ** Timber houses and half-timber houses of 
this period are to be found more or less perfect. Even where 
other materials were abundant, wood was much more con- 




MEMORIALS OF OLD LEWKS. 



TiDkiit, especially when a bailding wanted to be erected in a 
fcttiry, that it was continuaUy eraployed/' p- 23, 

A little observation of the oldest remains of hotises in Lewes 
will l)ear out Mr. Parker's observations, as we find these relics 
to be almost, if not invariably, of timbered and half- 
timliered houses, and it is not until about the Tudor period 
that the more substantial materials, flint and stone, came into 
general use. 

After the surrender of the Priory of St- Pancras into the 
hands of Henry VIII., and the destruction of the church and 
otlier buildings for the sake of the lead which covered the 
roofs, the stones seem to have been used for many purposes, 
and in all parts of the town of Lewes; and the mansion of 
the Newtons, one of whom was steward to the Earl of Dorset, 
was erected entirely from the stones of the Priory after the 
destruction by fire of his lordship's house there, which gave 
the name, retained up to the beginning of the present 
century, of the Lar(ts place to the Priory. And the 
spacious fronts of some of the more modem houses in the 
High Street, built entirely of Caen stone, bespeak but too 
plainly their common origin, the quarry of St. Pancras* 

There are a few remains of houses of probably the XV, 
century, with overhanging stories, still existing in Lewes, and 
some with gables- Within the present century several of the 
old gabled houses have been destroyed. In many inst^ncea, 
apparently during the last centuiy^ the old houses were 
new-fronted, the open shops closed with windows, and the 
gables hipped oflF behind the new parapets. Some few good 
chimneys remain. 

Mr- Parker, in Part 1, XV- cent., of his Domestic Architec- 
ture, p* 126, says: — " Another example from Lewes, Sussex, 
also drawn by Mr, Buckler, appears to have most distinctly 
the usual mouldings of tlie fourteenth century, but this also is 
doubted by some high authorities,'* Of this window a very 
beautiful wood-cut is given- 

In Vol- 2, XV. cent., p. 321, Mr- Parker says:— "At 
Lewes, not very far from St Michaers Church, is a timber- 
house, dating apparently from the fouiteenth century, as it 
has reticulated panneling.'* 

This is the house belonging to Mr* S, H, Smartj now used 



I 



I 



OF OLD LEWES* 



37 



bakehome, in the High Street, on the west side of St^ 
Martinis Lane. It was formerly known by the sign of the 
Bull. 

On the western side at the top of Caer Street are two ancient 
houses — one with overhanging stories. 

At the bottom of St, Mary's Lane are two small timber 
houses. 

Although, as before mentioned, many of the numerous 
manors within the Kape of Lewes had tenements in Lewes, 
hut few will be found at this time in the rentals of those 
manors. The smaller holdings have nearly all disappeared 
from them, and the larger ones which remain are in but few 
Manors ; but they consist of some of the principal properties 
in the town, and upon them some of the largest houses have 
teen erected* 

The following list of some of these tenements, wliieh I have 
been able with certainty to identify, shows that some very 
large portions of the Borough of Lewes, within the walls, 
were occupied by tenants of out-lying manors. In St, Ann's 
parish, the property on the south side of the High street, now 
held by Mr, Robert Hillman, is freehold of the Manor of Plump- 
ton, The house has considerable architectural remains of tiie 
period of Elizabeth; but considerable additions have been 
made on the southern side, and the east end of the front has 
been modernized : several of the old gal»les remain*** 

In All Saints parish are three considerable properties, held 
of different manors. The house at the top of School Hill, on 
the south side, long the residence of the Fullers, and now of 
W, V. Langridge, Esq., is in the Manor of Bishops ton. The 
next house^ with all the land lying between Church Lane and 
Brooman's Lane, except the old churchyard of All Saints, 
b held of the Manor of Hurstperpoint, and is thus described 
ml658:— 

" Att this Court the Homage present that John Scotson, 
Gent., who held freely of the Lord of this Manor, as of this 
to him and his heirs, a parcel of land called Bngates, 
ton^ning by estimation two acres, in the parish of All 

'* 26 Aiirijt, 169a. Richard Pajne, Esq., by his wiU left thi» totiBe, iti wlijch he 
fcsid^dj to hi» wife Eliaabetl), wboae maidea tianie was AJcockj for her life, and tLen 
t© Ms yotmger «>n, Richard. It i» described as liaviDg bt?en booght of TkroKghgchod, 
Asd t0 ti&?<) bolotxged previomlj to Bought ou. 




38 



MKMORIAI^ OF OLB LEWES* 



Saints, within tbe Town of Lewes, by the rent of ij'' yi% 
reliefs^ &€,, hath lately alienateil the said premises unto 
Edward Tray ton, Gent., and his heirs/' 

In 1684 it belonged to Edward Greene, In 1700 Herbert 
Stiks left it by his will to his wife Joanne. It afterwards 
became the property of Henry Humphrey, Esq., then of his 
nephew, Henry Jackson, Esq*, whose representatives sold it 
to — Shewell, Esq. 

The whole space on the north side of School Hill^ including 
the houses in Albion Street, together with the road and garden 
in fi*ont of them^ is held of the Manor of Houndean. 

At a Court held 25th April, 7 James L, 1608, this tene-] 
ment is thus described : — 

" John Lunsford holds of this Manor freely a parcel, One ' 
Tenement with Curtilage in the parish of All Saints in Lewes, 
upon Schoole Hill, paying 8d. a year, alienates the aforesaid 
parcel, tenement^ and Cnrtilage to Walter Double, sen., Gent., 
and his heii*s," It was in all probability tlie town-house of ^ 
the Dobells. There is no further notice of this property in the 
Court Books until 1739, when Elizabeth Isted held the 
'' Turk's Head," on School Hill 

1765. — - Wlieatley, widow of Samuel Wlieatley, hath 
lately held the ^^ Turk's Head," and alienated the same to — • 
Barham, Doctor of Physic; after his death, in 1769, it was 
held by Mr. Frewen* At what dat« it ceased to be an Inn 
there is no record, but at the latter end of the last century it , 
was occupied by Victor Amade^ Raymond, a Frenchman, as a 1 
school ; after his death it was sold to Messrs. Berry, builders, 
who pulled down the old house, and laid out the ground for 
the erection of Albion Street. 

This house bore the sign of the " Turk's Head," so early 
as 1679, and it was hither that Robert Brinkhui^t, after his 
apprehension, was '* brought before a Justice of the Peace, at! 
tlie Turk's Head Tavern, in Lewes," for the murder of his 
friend, William Moore, by poison, a very curious and detailed . 
account of which is to be found in a small pamphlet, pub- 
lished at the time, under the following title i — 



MEMOBIALS OF OLD LEWES. 



^ • i^lTto t^Ri t^^ .W* t^K i^i» *^\i *^K «^# *i^ *^* wWi* -1 



B9 



Warning to Young Men; 

OR, 

A Man of Bloods: 

IN 

An Impartial RELATION of 
the Horrid Munher A£ted by Robert 
Brinkhurji on his Friend and himfelf, 
at Liwu^ in Suffix^ Anns 1679. 

f^UkJome Rf?narks and Coumftli fmm thi Whak* 

Pro*^ 96, aSp Whcfi Bittrti it crvertd Ay Detiitj Ah 
fFkhJaefi fiwU A# ^notj hfirr tJk wis/f Qaigrtga- 

RoBi, 3. 15» ]6, 17, iS. T^rir Feet art fwifi tit ptd 
Biood, Dt^ruiii<}fi and Mifay are in tbttr Wrfyi, j^/td 
tkt tihSjf af Ftsti k^vi they rtst krto^it, TAert it m 
Fair ^f Gad hffort their Eyet^ 

Lege HiAoriam n^ Eu Hlftom, lege judida nh hu 

es^tnplum judJdi. 
Multa mifer timeo, c|ui3 feci multQ pn^tcrva, 

EieinpLii^uc mctu terreor ipfe mei* Ovid^ 

Lowdoft^ printed for TA*. Farkhurfi^ at the BiMi and 
Thret €r(r^ii>ni tt the Lower end o/ Chfsapjidt^ nrar 
M^ran-Chappeh ifiSo. 

^> «^W* «U^ i*^" i"^* *^^ *^AA «<^&^ "^W* >Vj[U* *JUi> «Ju^ P,^j% m^ 

The nairative concludes as follows, alluding to Brinkhnrst's 
death and the burial of his body : " § XVL His soul having 
thus made its emt^ at the sumnious of the great and terrible 
God, the God of the spirits of all flesh, before whose dreadful 
Tribunal e\^ery soul must appear; the Coroner was sent for 
to sit upon the self-niurdercd body, and though he could not 
\ie there, a Jury was summoned who viewed the Corps. His 
s*3rrowful Relations could not put off natural^ though he had 
given way to sinful Affections. They had provided decent 
Garments to wrap, and a Coffin to put his Body in, desiring 



40 



MEMORIALS OF OLD LEWES. 



it might 1)6 delivered to them to Bary in St MichaePs church- 
yard, ia LeweSj but when it could not he obtained, they 
begged the favour of being permitted to interr him in a spot 
of ground which was his own, but that also was finally denyed; 
and the Constables, in whose Custody the body was, thus 
ordered his interrment, which may be termed^^ the burial of 
an Asse ; we may allude to those expressions :*^ " Thou arf cast 
out of thy Grave like an abaminable branchy thou shall not 
bejoyned with them in bimaiy^ And for Violence against 
thy Brother shame shall cover thee'' 

*^0n Monday afternoon, bcingtheSthof December, a dung- 
Cart was provided, which being littered with Straw, the Body 
in its wiuip, without any Coffin, was cast into it; thus with 
part of the face and the feet bare, it was drawn through the 
Town a ghastly spectacle to the beholders ! 

"At a fair Cross- way, at the Spittle^ a Grave was ready digged 
lying North and South, into which the Body was put by two 
Fellows; their hearts failing them for that other service, a 
third was prevailed with to drive a Stake through his bowels. 
If one so merciless to himself and Friends, might be said to 
have any, and not rather deserve that part of the character 
which an ingenious His^torian'" gives unto Bloody Bonner^ viz. ! 
'^ That corpulent Tyrant, full of guts, empty of Bowels," The 
Earth being cast in upon him, a fair bulk was raised over the 
Grave and covered with green Turf, the Stake being left visible 
above it. It is said there shall a post be set up on the place 
plated w\th Brass, and thereon his Crimes engraven, for warn- 
ing to others. 

^^But here, wearied with travelling through ^\^ Aceldama — 
this Field of Blood ! — I wiD sit down by his solitary Grave 
(ivhich brings to remembrance^^ Kibroth-hattaavah in the 
Wilderness, where they buried the people that lusted), and 
will heartily pray that the Grave of this Person that lusted, 
may (by the blessing of God on these, his stupendous judg- 
ments), be made the Grave of Lusts, imto all that shall read 
or hear this tremendous story. Deut 13. 11. And all 
Israel shall hear and fear^ and shall do no more any such 
tcickedness as this is among you. Amen/' 

J# Jer 22, 10. " I"< 1** l«i ^- *^ ^^^^ ^*» l^- 

IB Fuiitfr*i Church ffiBto?y to tb© end. In tho M«tory of Walthim AbtH^y. 
9B Kata. 11, 3^1. 



4 

n 



4 



MEMORIALS OF OLD L£WES. 



41 



N 



ft 



The above extract has been given, as it probably describes 
the mode of burying the body of the last murderer and 
iuicide in Lewes, when the cross-ways and the stake were 
considered essential to mark the horror of the deed committed 
by the murderer, and siiperstition denied his right to 
Christian buriah 

With regard to the architecture of the houses in the town 
but little can be said, as it is quite apparent that a vast ma- 
jority of thera have undergone great alterations, and although 
in many the gables may now be traced^ they have been hipped 
offi and are almost hidden by the more modern parapet. The 
old houses at the upper end of Caer Street have already l>een 
noticed. There is at tlie western corner of St. Martin's Lane 
an ancient house, which is thus noticed in Parker's 
Domestic Architecture, Fifteenth Century — '^Another ex- 
ample from Lewes, Sussex, a^so drawn by Mr. Buckler, appears 
to have most distinctly the usual mouldings of the fuurteenth 
century, but this also is doubted by some high authorities-" 
Near the bottom of St. Mary Lane are two old timber -framed 
houses, the upper floor overhanging the lower one — and the 
house built upon the site of the church of St. Mary, on the 
east4?ra side of the same Lane, at its northern end, is of a 
similar description. Several good specimens of gabled 
and overhanging houses have been pulled down within the 
last half-century* 

In a description of Sussex contained in ^^gna Britan* 
nia^ published in 1730, Lewes is thus descn^ed^** i^z/?^^, 
one of the chief towns of the county for largeness and popu- 
lousness. It is situate upon a rising ground, and is thought 
to take its name from the Saxon word Lefpa (Leswa), 
which signifies Pastures. It consists of six parishes, which 
have each of them their church, mid are chief. y composed of 
Gentkmen^s seats^ joining one to another with thdr gardem 
adjogning^ some ascending and some descending^ according as 
the hilh rise or fall on or near which they stand,^^ 

This was in some degree the case at the beginning of the 
present century, but in the seventeenth centuiy there is no 
doubt but the Gentry from various parts of the County had 
their town houses in Lewes. The state of the roads and other 
circumstances prevented their leaving the County, so that it 

Kill, G 



41 



MEMORIALS Of OIJ> LEW:ES- 



became tbe fashion to congregate in the principal town and 
spend a portion of the year together there- 

This practice among the gentij of congregating in towns 
in the winter is thus condemned by Henry Peacham^ in 
" The Compleat Gentleman." — " I detest that effeminacy of 
the most, that burn out day and night in their beds and by 
the fire-side^ in trifles, gaming^ or courting their yellow mis* 
tresses all th€ winter in a city ; appearing but as cuckoes i 
the spring, one time of the year to the country and thei 



^ 



tenants, leaving the care of keeping good houses at Christmas 
to the honest yeomen of the country/' 

Dunvanj in his History of Lewes, nnder the year 1684^ I 
p, 210, states, "Many of the Justices of the Eastern Division 
of the County now resided in Letoe^sJ^ ^ 

Among the persons appointed in 1667, feoffees of the BrokenS 
Church, there are the following gentlemen, some, if not all 
of whom had at that time residences in Lewes : ^^ Sir Thomaa 
Nutt, Knight, and Leonard his sonne, (see Sussex ColL, 
vol. Ti., p, 238), Henry Shelley, Esq., and Richard his 
sonne^ Thomas Pellat, Gent., and William his sonne, (of 
the Friars), Edward Tray ton, Gent*, and Ambrose his sonne^ 
John Oliver, Gent., and Thomas his sonne, Richard Isted^ 
Gent/' 

The hahits and mode of living of the country gentlemen, 
who had residences in Lewes during a portion of the last 
♦ ' Century, and yhich they thus generally inhabited in the 
winter months, Vere such as are described in the following 
very slight sketch. Having partaken of a bountiful breakfast 
to enable them to bear the fatigues of the chase, they repaired 
to the Downs with a pack of the heaT^^, slow, old southern 
hounds, whose heads were literally — 

•» Himg 
With ean that awept away Ibe morning dew ; 
Slow in pUTBuitt but match'd like bells 
Ea^b uaaer e&ch. A cry mora ttiuable 
Wa« never bolla'd to^ nor cheered with bom." 

Having for some hours followed and enjoyed the pleasurei 1 
of the chase in the clear and wholesome air of the hills, which] 
time was generally found sufficiently long to produce a keezti 



MEMORIALS OF OLD LEWES, 



43 



sppetite, they returned horae and dined about two or three 
^ o'clock* The abundant repast having been partaken of, tha 
H oool Claret and old Oporto^ fully enjoyed, for truly — 



I 



" Good wine m a good fondlfar 
Creature, if it be weU iMed." 



mhffU^ ^ a 



ttiey retired to the old summer-house in the garden (several 
of these still remain in Lewes), and there smoked their pipes, 
filled with the true fragrant Virginian leaf: — 




** Noble weed I that comforta life, 
And Is with, oalmeit pleaaures rife." 



^ertmnSoitgt 



When the weather permitted^ the game of bowls was played 
on the Green in the garden, and most of the houses had one ; 
this formed a pleasant and healthful change in the ordinary 
employment of the afternoon. The coffee-room and the news- 
paper afforded another resource for passing an hour^ when 
bunting could not be followed* 

In the evening the whist club or the card assembly gave 
both ladies and gentlemen an opportunity of meeting and 
discussing politics, and the various news and reports that 
might be in circulation* 

The ladies sometimes filled up a vacant Jialf-hour by re- 
ceiving a visit from a female smuggler, TWth her pack of 
foreign lacea and silks— and occasionally a morning call was 
made to the homes of these free-traders^ one or two of 
whom were somewhat notoriousp They always received them 
with a hearty welcome, as they were pretty certain of being 
able to do a little trade. 

These matters, together with an occasional ball^ were the 
principal means of passing the time, resorted to at this period 
by the country gentlemen and their families in the county 
towns generally, during their sojourn there* Society was in 
many instances greatly enlivened by the presence of the 
officers of a crack regiment of Dragoons quartered in the 



^ Foit wfld Ettlfi in Hie tiU tlieti* 



2 



u 



MEMORIALS OF OLD LEWES, 



place, which added very much to the gaiety of their 
gatherings, aod gave a pleasing variety to what would other- 
wise have heen, at times, a dtill assemblage. 



The conjecture on p. 24, that there must have heeu an 
£!ast Mill and a West Mill in Southover has been singularly 
confirmed by the following extracts from the Register of 
Lewes Priory, kindly furnished by the Kev. Edward Turner : ^ 

" Unum MeasuBgium in SouthenoTer in Westport prope atagnmn de la Wext 

*' Phillppus de Glaseworih Capellantia dedit Joh&Dni Foxle de Lewes et suIr, 
quoddatn Measuagium Angularo, i^ituAtmn jnxia stognum Moleadini qaod Tocatur la 

The sites of the East and West ports it is now very 
difficult to discover, but we have Eastport Lane still existing 
at the eastern end of Southover, but whether the gate stood 
at the east or west end of this lane cannot be determined; in 
all probability it was at or near the east end, as that was 
close to the pond mentioned as lying near the Water Gate of 
the town. ^ 

The site of the West Mill is pretty accurately fixed, and as ^ 
it appears that the West port was near to this Mill, it seems 
not at all improbable that the remains of this port are to be 
found in a block of ancient flint-work on each side of the 
hollow near to, and northward of, the boundary stone of the 
Borough f>f Lowes, in the road leailing from Rotten Row to 
St. PanciLis Jlridge. 



In Vol. XL of Sussex Archaeologlciil Collections, p. 178, 
there is some account of Ambrose Galloway, sen., of Lewes, 
having been with others taken before a magisti*ate and fined 
for assemWing at the house of Jane Kidder, &c. ; but it 
appears that he had been suffering persecution for twenty 
years previous to that time, as we find in Besse's " Sufferings 
of the Quakers/' tha 



At the Summer 'AgslKes, 1662, Atobroa* Gallowiir waa fined and committed to 
prison for attending a meeting in May at tiie lious* of John Liutford, at HurstpcT. 
pomt, and he lay in priscni neariy four years. On the Cth Bcptetnlier, in the foIJow* 
iTig year, his (^oods were taken in distress for his wifu's nl seaee from public worship, 
Galloway was confined in irona for eight daya, for interlering to pi^*ent another 
priiojaer itom suffering abuae in tlie common ward. In 1671 ho waa prosecuted in 



i 



MEMORIALS OF OLD LEWES. 



45 



Heal Coart for absence from public worship, and excommuiifcated : he 
1 at the As&\te& for the same c&um, and commlcted to prison at the 
EeiDp, of MBlling, the Impropriator, In 1677 He mas fined for 
tteeting : in 1680 he was fioed for negleet of comiDg to hh pamh 
Sundays. He and his bohi of the saxoe natae, were prosecuted at 
in 1682, On 5th April, 1CB3, they were takea close pristmerB to the 
I in Lrvres, ttU IQth, when they were diseharged by the sesfiions, and 
■ I excommunicated on 4tb January, 1C86, 

REFERENCE TO MAP. 



a- Hoepital 
y'B Church 
|t Peter's Church 
■ School 



Eel 



el in Foro 
rket Houfie 
8t Martin '8 
Bt. Mary in FOK> 
Watergate 
3t Andrew*B 
w MagdaJen 
UiU or Beaaions HoQie 
a 

St Nicholas 
IT the Less 
Bast Gaia 

>lf Trinity 

QbCiatro 
i I Becket, in the Qiff 

Qar School 



8t* John the Baptiat, Southover 

Old House called the Torched House 

Caer Street 

Steward's Inn 

St Swithin's Lane 

St. Martid** Lane 

Watergate Lane 

8t Andrews Lane 

BL Maiy'a Lane 

St. Nicholat I^ne 

Walwcr*8 Lane 

Church Lane 

Brooman's Lane 

Fisher Street 

Oullera* Bars, or White Lion Lane 

Ireland's Lane, alias Buoketwin 

East Port Lane, 

Site of West Port. 

{ Towers on Town Wall, 



ig obtained, through the kindness of W. D. Cooper, 
"'.A. (to whom my thanks are due for other assist- 
Jist of. all the lands, &c., granted to Tipper and 
sex, I print it for the information and use of 
as may wish to consult it hereafter: — 
farch, 34th Elizabeth, 1592 (Pat pt. 2).— The 
ited (amongst hereditaments in many counties 
id) the Ibllowing hereditaments in Sussex to Wil- 
er and Kobert Dawe, of London, gentlemen, to hold 
an W of her manor of East Greenwich, in free and 

and at various yearly rents. 
ii — The salary or stipend of the priest there, and 
&c*, to the same belonging, at the annual rent 

las the Martyr^ juxta Lewes.^^ — All that the late 

'* Now ealled Bt* Thomas k Beckett in the Gli£c. 



4fi 



MEMORIALS OP OLD LEWES. 



li 



guild or fraternity of St, Thomas the Martyr, juxta Lewes, 
and all hmds^ tenements^ and hereditaments to the same 
helonging or being, late parcel of the lands or possessions of^j 
the same guild, &c, — Rent, 49. ^M 

Harsham. — All that close containing 3a,, and a moiety o^^ 
all lands and tenements lying and being in Ilarsham, called 
Blackstrode, alias Shade's hemet, Carpenter's Land^ Ash- 
mead^s, and Bowseyhawes, containing 30a. — Kent, 5s, 

Compton and Washington. — ^All lands, tenements, and 
hereditaments in, lately belonging to the Monasteiy or Priory | 
of Shulbrcde. 

Yaptonand Tortington. — All those lands in Tapton and 
Tortington lately belonging to the Monastery or Priory of 
Tortington, 

Cmkjield, — A tenement in the tenure of Henry Simons, 

A croft, called Church croft, in the tenure of 

George Allfrey, 
Another tenement, in the tenure of Kobt. Kidd. 
A mead in the tenure of Thomas Field. 
A cottage in the tenure of one DumbrelL 
A meadow in the tenure of JohnPepper. 
A parcel of land called Stroade, in the 

tenure of — MichelL 
Lands and tenements called Butler*s. 
The house called the School House. 
Wilmington. — The tithes of a certain Grange 
Wilmington. 

Wootton. — The tithes, iScc., granted for the support 
chaplain to the Church of St. Giles, at Wootton. 
Keymer, — The chapel of St. John. — Eent 8d. 

A lane in Keymer. 
Bingmer. — Lands called the Barcary. 

Three crofts, called Leaham Field, Layfield, 
and Motescroft, in the tenure of John 
Goodwin* 
Coolcham^ He?Tinghamj Barlavington^ Egdean^ and Bar- 
ton. — Tithes and hereditaments in, lately belonging to the 
Priory of Eartham, alias Herringham. — Annual rental, 10s. 
Horton Mayhmik^ alias Hot ton Horsey* — The manor o^ 
with the appurtenances, ' 



MEMORIALS OF OLD LEITES* 



47 



'eif^hoft. — The manor of. 
^Bmiini) and Seek. — The lands and tenements in, formerly 
in the possession of Thomas, Lord Cromwell, attainted. 
SeafonL — All thoae lands called Salts and Beanland, in 
the parish of; containing 30a., more or less^ 
abutting on the sea on the Soutli, on the 
Down on the East, and on tlie town of Sea- 
ibrd, or lands of Edwd. Gage, Esq.| on the 
north. 
And all lands, wastes, and passages in and 
throughout Seaford, used by the freemen and 
inhabitants* 
2a, of land lying on the Down, lately belonging 

to the church there. 
All at a rental of 2s, 
Lewes, — AH that the late chapel or church of St, Nicholas, 
decayed and mined, commonly called the Broken Church, 
now conYerted into a tenement, situate, lying, and being in 
the town of Lewes, in the county of Sussex. — Annual rent, 8d. 
Skoreham. — Lands in the tenure of William BelL — ■ 
Een^ 12d. 

Tkehurst and LamberhursL — ^Lands in, formerly ap- 
pointed by Edmund Passeley, for the maintenance of a priest 
or chaplain in the chapels of Passeley and La Leahe. 

tPortslade. — la, of laud in the tenure of John Fuller, 
formerly granted for the maintenance of two 
I wax candles in the parish church of Portslade* 

^H A tenement called the Church House, formerly 

^r in the tenure of Agnes Owen, was theretofore 

granted for the observance of an obit. 
Southwich — Two tenements in the tenures of Thomas and 
John Emery, formerly given for an obit by 
Nicholas Goodmerich, 
^H Land, formerly in the tenure of John Michel* 

^P borne, given for a free candle, for the support 

\ of a light called -* A Tkindle " ( Trmtal — 

Thirty masses for the dead). 
Street — la- of land called East town, given for the support 
01 a light. 



» 



48 MEMORIALS OF OLD LEWES. 

West Hoaihly. — ^Lands and tenements called Philpott's 
and Barley's, lately in the occupation of one CJomber and 
others. 

Bersted and Pagham. — The advowson and patronage of 
the churches of. 

Bargham^ Wiggonhold^ and Greatham. — The Manors of. 

Hamsey. — Lands and tenements in. 

Lawghton. — 5a. of land now or late in the tenure of one 
Spunger. 

Chichester. — The advowson and patronage of the Church 
of All Saints, in the Pallant. 

Whappingthome and Wickham in Steyning. — The tithes 
of the tenements of. 

Newich — Lands, called Buddes Slyde. 

Kingston Bowsey. — A tenement lately called Bullock 
heartes, otherwise Bullockers. 
The Manor of Kingston Bowsey, alias Kingston 
Bowcey. 



WILL OF A SUSSEX CLERGYMAN 
THREE HUNDRED YEARS AGO. 



Editsd by mark ANTONY LOWER, M.A-, F.S.A. 



» 
^ 



I pe 
■cci 



The light which is thrown upon the manners and habits of 
our ancestors by their hist wills and testaments is generally 
recognized- Many of these interesting documents have 
already appeared in our '* Collections," but few, I am disposed 
to think, are more curious than that of Hekry Marsilall, 
parish priest of Wilniington, which I here transcribe from the 
registry of the archdeaconry of Lewes (Liber 2, folios 30, 31). 
It may be regarded as illustrating the domestic life of a 
country clergyman of the period, his household furniturcj his 
library, his wearing apparel, his social relationships, and to 
some extent the trie iiiterimre which regulated his external 
actions and his habits of business. Henry Marshall, who, by 
the bequest of the lease of a Lancashire coal-mine, and a 
charitable donation to the poor in that county, appears to 
have been "a northern man denizened in the south,^* lived 
in an age full of events in church and state. His will, dated 
in the filYh year of Edward the Sixths shows him to have 
been theologically in a transition st^te between Roman 
Catholicism and Protestantism, tor while he makes no pro- 
vision for masses, '' month's mind'* and " year's mind" which 
was almost invarial)ly made in the previous generation, he 
still adheres to the intercession of the Virgin and some other 
articles of the ancient faith. He appears to have been a 
person of substance for the period, as will be seen by the 
pious array of household stuff which he bequeaths. His 
great chargers, brass pots, andirons, silver spoons, fii'e jacks, 
spits, dripping pans, flesh-hooks, and other culinary and table 
equisites, bespeak him a man who enjoyed the good things of 
this liife J while the array of feather beds and their appur- 
xm. H 




60 



WILL OF A SUSSEX CLERGYMAN- 



tenances proves that he had the means of providing lodging 
as well as board for his friends and kinsmen- The inventory 
of his costume, which may be gleaned from the document, 
shows us that his wardrobe contained (inter alia)- — 



A best coat; 
Two fustian doublets; 
Hose; 

Two bonnets ; 
A best gown ; 
A sarsnet tippet;* 
A worsted jacket for work- 
a-days j 



A long gown for work- 
a-days ; and a vel- 
vet night-cap; 

A coat of frieze ; 

Sundry shirts ; 

A pair of shoes; 

A hat; 

An old frock; 



A best kerchief, 

Mi\ Marshall also possessed two suits of armour (harness)/ 
and a halbert, which, being a man of peace, he did not use 
in proprifi j}ersom% although he was liable to furnish forth, 
according to the custom of those days^ an armed man, for the 
defence of the country, as occaaion recjuired* He probably 
cultivated the gentler science of music, since a lute formed 
part of his household stuff. His library must have been a 
curiosity, comprising as it did a Bible, a Catena Aurea, the 
Pauline Epistles in manuscript, and various works on medi- 
cine and distillationp Whether the book called Opits 
Auretim was a theological or a scientific treatise^ I know 
not- 

The simplicity of manners which existed tbi*ee hundred 
years ago is also illustrated by this document. Our good 
honest priest not only bequeaths t^ the great man of the dis- 
trict, Mr. Gage of Firle, tbrty shillings for taking the over-^ 
sight of his Will, but he remembers other aristocratic neigh-^fl 
hours in his testamentary arrangements- Thus Mrs. Burton ^ 
of Eastbourne gets an angel noble ; Miss Burton a pair of 
sheets and other articles; and Mr- Thomas Parker a diaper 
table cloth. Of Ms friends among the clergy he is equaUy 
mindfulj giving to one his fiistian doublet, his worsted jacket|^y 

^ A kiod of boofl or acarf much UBod at ilia dftte^ &Dd oHginally mada of Baraeenie^^ 
iUk, wwii nmnsn. ItL Edward UtidorMU'e amtobiographj he iitatoa that be witnassed 
tttapmdsnoQ of Queen Mary to her eo(roiiatioii, but to prt>veiit reoogiiitioti hy his 
exLemiiMii he gays: "1 muSeled me with & mrcenfitt^ widio tho riiJo people in the 
ilrett6i wold murmure att, fiu^dn^ej * What ia he ? Dare he nott ehow M9 fuoe ^ " 
NarraHve^ 0/ ih^ Da^s of the H^formatwn^ by John Qougb Ni<jhal% Kiq*, F»S*A.j Comd. 




WILL OF A SUSSEX CLERGTMAN. 



51 






^ 



and otlier articles of wearing apparel, and to another (his 
cousin, and evidently his favourite legatee) a best gown, a 
tippet of sarsnet^ a l>onnet, a velvet night-cap, a lectern, the 
books before mentioned, and many other articles. 

Mr, Marshall applies to the several clergymen, whom he 
has occasion to mention, the epithet '^Sir,'^ then the usual 
designation of a priest or curate who had taken his first 
ficholastic degree. See Shakspeare, passim. He was him- 
self doubtless ^' Sir Harry" in the mouths of his neighbours, 
and a well-to-do personage, since, besides his vicarage house 
at Wilmington, he had a lodging at Westham, with a gdding 
to convey him thither and back. 

The distribution of alms and drink at a funeral, and the 
ringing of a peal of bells on the same occasion, are curious 
traits of old and forgotten times. 

The good vicar was not unmindful of the work of church- 
restoration, leaving, as indeed was usual in his day, a small 
legacy to each of the fabrics of Wilmington and WesthanK 
Nor did he forget the mother church of the diocese, but be- 
stowed upon the '^church -works of Chichester" the then con- 
siderable sum of forty shillings. We know from the Cathedral 
archives that, even at the distant period of three centuries, 
that glorious spire whicli has but now tottered to its fall was 
deemed to be in a dangerous condition, and that efforts were 
made to avert the grievous calamity whicli it has been re- 
served for our own time to realize. Early in Elizabeth's 
reign the plat^ belonging to the suppressed chantries was sold, 
and the proceeds were devoted to the reparations of the 
church and spire, and here, a very few years earlier, we find 
the incumbent of a parish remote from Chichester, bequeath- 
ing a portion of his worldly goods to the same worthy object. 
May his example of liberality he followed by all — *both clergy 
and laity — without distinction of creed^ now that the down- 
fall so long anticipated has taken place, and may all contri* 
butors to the pious work live to behold the restoration of that 
noble fane upon the ancient model, — " pointing with taper 
~ >e to Heaven!" 



*^ In the name of God, amen. The IX^ day of August, 
1530, I, Henry Marshall, prest, vicar of Wilmyngton, heyng 

n 2 



52 



WILL OF A STJf^SEX CLERGYMAN. 



of hole mjnd and good remembraunce, thanka he t 
Christ, do orden, and make^ and declare, this my last will and 
testament, in maner and forme under writyn. In primis, I 
beqneth and comend my soule to ahnyghti god, my creator, 
redemer, and savionr, unto whos43 great mercy I do lowly 
submyt me, and intercession of his most blessyd mother and 
virgyn, our lady, St. Mary, and the blessed company of 
bevyn, and my body to be buried in Xten biirialL Item, I 
bequeth to so many prests as comys to my biiriall, [and] 
dothe minister the most blessyd communion, and prayer for 
all christen sonles, every one xij**, and to such wel disposed 
persons as resayvith with them, and will take it, iiij''. Item, 
to be distributed among pore people at my buriall, xliij\ iiij"*. 
Item, to the reparacons of the church of Wilmyogton, 
yj\ riiy-y and for a charitable drynkyng to the parishoners 
vj*. viij**. Item, to the povertie of Wilmyngton, xxVi}\ iiij'*,, 
to be distributyd accordyng to a bill thereof made. Item, to 
the povertie of Westham parishe, xx% ; to the church works, 
vj% viij'*. Item, to make a charitable drynkyng to the 
parishoners there, x". ; and if the curate dispose hymself to 
mynister the holy comimion and praier for all christen souls, 
a xij**,, and to [every] one that doth prepare to receyve with 
him iiij"^. ; and if the clerke or sextan do cause a peal with all 
the bells, to move godly people to prayer, and to call to re- 
membraunce that all are mortal!, xvj'\ Item, to the poore 
people of Helsliara, iij*. iiij**, ; at Folkyngton, vj*, viij**. ; and 
to the povertie within the parishe of Litlyngton, iij*, iiij*". 
Item, to the povertie within the parishe of Lullyngton, ij\ 
Item, to the spytyll at Shoreham^ xx**,, and to the povertie at 
St. James, near Chichester* xx**. To the povertie at Padi* 
ham* xiij** iiij**. Item, to John Scrase, iij*. iiij'^*, to John 
Honye^ xx*^., to Bartholomew Hart iij*. iiij'', ; to Thomas 



1 
4 



i 



' Tharre were two boapitaJi at SllDreham, one of JestiM GliriKt, and the other of 
6i JftiD«s. The latber Beenu to hare snrriTed the Befonnation, though It was giftnted 
awayby Qnt^oti Kliiitibetb. See Jfonarfi^wi, ti. 777- 

■ The Hospital of St. Jomea without the ea^ gate of Chlcheiter, sonie retnaiiiB of 
whieli ^till e^iirt near the hrid^, wii« an aajliiiLi Tut h?pera| and uad^ted &b eaxly as Lhi^ 
time of King Eioliard I. at John. See Hu^ejf's Chnrthi^. 

* Padihonij where the teatator had a. ocrtJ mine, ia a townahip in the great pumh i 
Whalley, in ijaBoa&bire, 

* Honej wu the numo of a respectable family who reaidfid at Wilmitigton for Bev<?Tal| 

fe&erationa. 1 have w poiligrL-e of them dravni up by my late friend, Mr. Chi^rles Ade*. j 
ohn Scrapie waj buried at WilsangtoB, is I5fl&. Set? Pedigree in Suu, Arvh, 



WILL OF A SUSSEX CLERGTMAK. 



53 



I 



n 



Lorsu^d xx^. ; to fy ve poore folks^ at tlie discression of mj 
executer, v*. IteniT to Maistrcs Burton'^i in recompcnce of 
her charges, and costly restorativee, send to me in tyme of 
my sekenes, one angell noble. Item, to my god-doughter, 
the doughter of Mast, Jams Burton, a paire of fync shets, a 
great charger, and an iron rackc for iij potts. Item, to every 
one of my godsons that will aske it^ xij'^ ; and every one of 
my goddoughters, not maried, xx**., and to every one that is 
maried, and doth aske it, viiij**. Item, to Thos. Daiiiiry, the 
fether bed in my great parlor, with bolster, ij pylons, with 
pylow-bers, a paire of blsinketts, a coveryng, a quilt, 
with cnrtyns, di' [X] a doson napkyns of diaper, a paire of 
ehets, and vj\ viij^., and to every one of his children, iij'. iiij**. 
Item, to the church-works of Chichester, xl\ To William 
Hakford, my old servant, yW viiij*'. Item, to my cosyn, 
Sir John Heighe, a sylver spone, and y\\ viij**. TWil^jji| my 
cosyn, Thos* Rylay, a sylver spone, and to every ono <7Niis 
dowghters, not married, xx*^. Item, to my servant. Will mm 
Marshall, if he do leme an honest occupation or handy craft, 
x^'., to make hym a atocke, to be d(elivere)d when he hath 
mifficiently lernyd the same ; and if lie refuse so to doo I will 
that he shall have but vi^ xiijV iv"**, to be d(elivere)d at 



tyme of my death, xl'., and iiij\ xiij\ iv**. at tyme of Ti^s 
mariage, and the overplus, vj*- viij"*,, to be d(elivere)d to his 
mother, and iij''. to his iij sisters not maried, by equall por- 
cions. Item, to the said IVillm Mai*shall one tether bedde, 
ij paire of shets, ij blanketts, a bolster, ij pylows, ij pylow 
hers^, a hiUyng®, a great chest, my third brasse pots, a great 
charger®, ij platers, ij pewter dishes, iiij saucers, ij candelsticka, 
ft ehaffyng-dishe, a talde cloth, iiij napkyns, a drippy ng-pan, 
ij awndirons^**, a pewter pott, a lute, my best cote, a romid 
pan, a kycbyn knyff, and a fire jake. Item, to Elzabeth 

■ Samm Barton, Esq., of an anci^^iat fivtoilj at Eaut bourne, married Alice Palmer, of 
An^mnrmf^f who wae proWbly the lepateo here ao ^ratefnllj remembered. The only 
dan^ter aligned to vtiTj the *g^-don^hter' of the teat&tor, moDtioued in the nert 
■ |t«m/ wnM Alice, who iDamed Thwmtw Gilderiilgo, Eeq. The finiLl beiroHB of the 
BurUmji mjiiTied William Wilaon, Esq., who was ereAt^ a Bnroaut 13th ChurJcB II. 
tf ^wi Sir Thoinaj Mary on WUtfon, BarK See Btrr^'^ Sm^i Geneaioqit^^ p. S^iS. 

' ** Pilhrtob^t^ a pjUoTF-cft*et" iJalHwtlL 

• A ktaliffffy or cov^<^rlet. 

• A ctmrt/ftr was a large dhth or platter to hold meat. The tyrnnt Herod preiented 
to the liuteiviotui flcffuefMe, in reward for her itiltd^tionfi, the head of John tlie HapUat 
** 'm a cliArgvfr,** 

^^ Aodiroa*, or fife-dogfl^^onbtlew of Sussex mauafacrtare* See 5uw* iroA. 
Q>iL^ iL, ITtf, d s^. 



94 



wax OF A SUSSEX CLEBGYMAN. 



HuisliaU^ his mother, my lease which I have of the Colmyne 
::*^ ^* ^ \in, with the profetts, and vj', viij***, and toerery one 
i ij sons, John, James, and Lawrance, vi\ riij^., and 

mtttf ^ her iij dowghters, not maried, xiij*. iiij**. Item, I 
fttgyre Richard Marshall all suche detts as he owes me, so 
tliftt he do suffer his mother, Elizabeth Marshall, peaseably to 
occupie the said Colmyne diiryng the lease ; and els I hequeth 
the said dett^ to Elizabet his mother, and will that such as 
I do put in trust w*^ this my last will shall asiste and ayde 
the same Elizabeth to recover the said dette. Item, to John 
Mathew, the poore man, a cot€ of frice,^* pc, (price) iijV iiij"*, 
a shirt, pc. XYJ*^,, a doblet of ftistian^ and a paire of showes. 
Item^ to his wiff, in reeompence of her payns takyn with me 
and my servants in tyme of my sekenes, a matres with 
bolster, pylow, a coverlett, a paire of shets^ with the clothes 
about it, as my servant dyd ly upon hit^ my white barow 
hogge, a pygge of my great sowe, a b;3 (bushel) of malt, and 
the mylke of my cowe to MychaelmaSj [she] fyndyng the 
pasture. Item, to ether of her ij sons, iij*. iiij"^. Item, to 
Jone Mathew, in recompense of her payns takyn in my 
howse, a pot of Iron, a brode possenet^®, a rownd pan with 
bryms, a skellett pan, a lytill spyt, a paire of pothangers, 
ij plates, ij pewter dishes, ij sawcers, a candelsticke, a lytill chest 
with locke and keye, and a paire of canvas shets. Item, to her 
syster Kateryne, a plater, a pewter dishe, a sawcer, and xx^. 
Item, to Sir William Chranche, my best fustian doblet, a shert., 
my hose^ a bonet, my worsted jakett which I wairc the worke 
dayes. Item, to Kateryne Rylay, my long gowne which I 
were the worke dayes^ the bedde whereon she lycth with that 
[which] perteynyth thereto, my best kercheff, my hat, and the 
chest in the parlure, with all my woole in her cliamber, and 
an old frocke. Item, to Lawrence Eawston, vi* viiij**, Item^ 
to Mr, Thomas Parker**, a table-cloth of diaper, conteynyng 
iiij yards. Item, to my godson, Thomas Jorden, an ironbon 
chest,^* a great balance of iron, the grete chere (chair) in my 

** A cottt of fries**— ft kind of oarrow clotb originally import^Bd froin Friosland It 
wac uBiiaUj worn by pleb«iaDB^ while patrit^non^ invested themaelvea ia clotk of gold. 
Henoe a well-knowi) aatitbeiioal rljjmt*. 

'* A pomti U deikied by Baik?j as ** a skillet or small boiling vossel/' Ttey wnjro 
ffeneifaJly of hroMe, and Sussex was famonB for iLeir mitaofj^ture ia later tiiuQ«. 89Q 
SmM. ArcL CotL, ii^l96. 

" Of fiiitton, in Willi ii^jilon. He died in 1580. 

'* Iron-bound. The J or Jang were an old Wilmin^n family * 



4 



i 



WILL OF A SUSSEX CLERGYD-IAN- 



chamber, and a complete hames with a halbert. Item, to 
the mendyng of the hye way betwix the church of Wilmyng- 
ton and the fjrene strete^^ xi\ under this condition that the 
parishoners will se it well bestowed within a year and di^ 
(half) next after my decease, and els to remayne to the 
mariage of vj of my god daughters within the parishe, whose 
nams shall appere by a by 11 of my hand. And if any of 
them decease afore tyme of theire mariage, that then the por- 
cion or porcions of the deceased slial be gyryn to other poore 
maydyns, by the discretion of the curate and parishoners. 
Item, I wyll that my executor shall do well and truly all 
suche tokyns and bequests aa I have appoyntyd in a byll 
of my hands to my trynds and povertie, Item^ I forgy ve aU 
such as are indettyd to me, and not able to paye without great 
hynilerance, and suohe as are able to paye, and yet denye 
theire dew ties, onles the matter be very playne, my mind is 
that rather than that they should pishe (punish?) their con- 
science, to take as they wilbe content to pay (sic). Item, to 
niy Cosyn, Sir My lies Rylay, whom 1 do orden and make exe- 
cuter of this my last will, for his payns^ my best gowne, a 
typett of sarcenet, a bonet, a nyght cappe of velvet, a lettron*^ 
for a boke, with locke and keye, a boke callyd Cathena Atirea^ 
Pmils pistyls in parchement, Opus Aureum^ a Bible, with my 
boks of distiUacon and phiseke, and such other boks as are 
necessary for hym, and not bequethed. Also a paire of my 
best andirons, a fire chaflfer, an iron rakke, a spytt^ a hang- 
yng pan, a posenet, a tire pan, a drepyng pan, a chaifyng 
dishe-, a fire prong, a kychyn knyff, a flesshe hoke, a gi-ate 
for breade, my round table at Westham, a cheyre, a chest, a 
hames, ij lytyll tables, a crosse mattoke, and such other 

** The plirase ^Grpon Street* is applied to miiiiy localStios on, ot forminff part of, 
Roman roftijj, iLnd it h c<*rtain tbiit the via which counoeted Aiiderida (Peven^oj) with 
Lew^ And fehe west of Sudsttx, ran throuj^h a piirt of Wilmiagton piiriah* It hoJi been 



Hill fi^om tho fo,jt to the iiammit. It is Bometiznes defignapted amongst ourselvea * The 
Honkii' Walfej* but witboqt authority* Thi« goes out iJt the ancdent road whicli was 



bpqraest WM?orthe repair of tlutt purt of thial-oiwlln the direetion of Folldugto 
pfca^Qt gaI1«h1 GiJlatt 3 Lrme), b<itwe©n the east end of Wilmlngtcm ohiarch and tlifl 
point where the abo^'e-mentiouod green path tama off and punnea iti <<^iur8)e up iho 
■ideoftb^hilJ/* 
^* A leetem^ (eJ^crMf Of reading-daak, 



56 



WILL OF ASUSSIX CLEBGYMANi 



thyngs as rema)Tiyth there of myne, a brasse pott, and my 
geldyng, Item^ I desyre my trend Sir Lawrance Waterhouse, 
parson of Terryng/^ t^ be associate with the said Sir My lis, 
and to help hyra with hig councell and aide in all the doyng 
of this my testament, when he shalbe thereunto desyred, and 
for his so doyng, I l>equeth him xx*' and his costs. And in 
my hnmbMst wise I beseche the Kight WorshipftiU Mr. Ed* 
ward Gage, esquicr,*^ to assist and aide my executor with his 
good cowncell and furtherance in the causes of this my testa- 
ment, and to be supervisor thereof, and 1 bequeth to his 
mastership in recompence of sum parte of his payns xl% The 
resydew of my goods, my detts paid, with charges of this my 
last will and testament, I will shalbe devided into iij partes^ 
whereof one parte to be distri))ute to my nerist and porest 
kynsfolks^ by the discression of my cosyns, Sir John Heighe, 
priestj and Thomas Kylay, or suche other as my executer 
will appoint^ and the other ij parts by evyn porcions and bylls 
indentyd to be d(elivere)d to the churchwardens, and iiij or 
sex of the honest parishoners of Wilmyngton and Westham, 
in the presens of the parishoners upon a Sunday or holy 
day, at tyme of divine service, and to remayne in the poore 
men's chests unto suche tj me and tyraes as it shalbe thought 
necessary to make distribucion to the povertie within the 
said parishons (sic) and they openly, upon Sundays and holi- 
days in the presens of the people assemblid, to heare divine 
service, the curate and churchwardens, with assent and con- 
sent of iiij or more of the honest parishoners, to distribute, 
after thcirc disci'essions as nede shall requyre, and to indorse the 
sum of the said distribucions upon the bill indentyd. Witness 
hereof myselff, which wrote this with my hands. Sir Lawrance 
Waterhouse, parson of Terryng, and Thomas Jorden the 
elder. Approbat' in eccl(es)ia p(ar)ochiali exempt(aB) 
jurisdic(tionis) de Bello,*^ 17 Februarij, 1550, et anno 
R(egis) Edwardi Sexti quinto* — S(u)m(m)a I(nTentor)ii 
65^* 17\ 3^" 

^*^ Of Firki Ybumt Wli tberiff of SniseT and Surrey, 4th Qnp^ti Mary. 

" For an a<!(K)ust orth© e<»Le»B«ticoJ juriidictiou of the Abbot of Bftttk, whit'h BtQl 
C9cuti^ inolnding nil nt^htfl of Tidtation, of holdiniii^ coDrtB, of gr^rUing ProboirM^ and 
jLdmmutrationfl and Liconcefl for Maniiigui, within the Leutfti, in m am pie a form ua 
WW po«B09B<34 Hv th(j Biefhop of Cbicheatcr, b*?« ?o1. vi*, p, fif. It is not obvioofij kow- 
everi why the will of the Yioar of Wilnungtou bIiquIiX bATi? been proved at Battel* 



4 
I 



A BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF SAMUEL 
JEAKE, Senr,, of RYE. 

By Z W. W- SMAETj Esq,, JLD. 



A LAHGE collection of MSS* prcserrcd at Brickwall, Nor- 
thiam, contains interesting details relating to Samuel Jeake, 
Town Clerk of Rye^ in the time of the Commonwealth, and 

I a person of qonsiderable celebrity in the annals of his native 

ftown. 

The name Jeake is variously spelt Jake, Jaque, Jeakes, 

-or Jacque, aU being comiptions of the French Jacques, and 
jrobably appertained to a family who emigrated from France 
to this country.* 

There is no evidence to shew when the Jeakes first settled 
in Rye; but about the year 1600 we find Henry Jeake 
exercising the trade of a baker* in the town and port. He 
married Anne, the daughter of John Piersou, clerk.* They 
had issue a son and two daughters, besides the subject 
of this memoir, who was born October 9 th, 1623, His 
mother appears to have been a woman of decided piety and 

' Afl«r the pkpe of 15G3 Eye "wdj replenished hy the Frencb, who alieltered 
tlienuelfea here from the msseo^^e in France, 1573* and of the troubles of the Pro- 
iestjitit^ there, bo that iuiqo ISl^ npon an accompt taken, wore found inhabiting bere 
t>;i Ipersonf of thAt nation .^'-^CAorf era fff Cin^pte Pfsrt*, p. 108. See an article poti. 
* The trade of a baker was then of more condderfttiou than it \s now. It was rega- 
in by rpecial enaetmenti! termed the aiaiae of Brei^. 

' The KeiT. John Pearson. Hifl letters ve dated tr<xm Peaaniaral], and thcpfe ii a 
itioB from tbe Ha^or and Coripration of Winchol^ea, 1580, **to the Eererenda 
^hsm in God,'* desiring^ to hare him for a t-cacher of God's word. His wife Eliiabeth • 
I buried at Peusnaxnb^ June 10^ lo96. and was probiibly the siiter of Unmhi, dan^ 
-of Bidmrtd KnatchbtdL Esq., of Mersham Hatch. She married Alex* Shepherd, of 
Peaflmarah, died in 1583, Johti Pearson addroiieflMs letteri "to my verye loving ffktor 
Mrs. UrnUa Shepherd att Tenterden." 



68 A BIOGHAI^HICAL SKETCH OF 

seriousness of charucter, and the following letter, written 
by her ohl friend John Wilmshurst, of Miiyfleld, shews the 
tender care and concern with which he watched over her 
best interests. The letter is dated March 12th, 1628, and 
he thus warns her : ** In this time there are many un- 
godly and erroneous conceites and opinions spnmg up : even 
by men of our oivne communion- I thinke it not necessary to 
name them ; be you dilligent in the use of the meanes aforesaid, 
and for the better stablishing of yonre selfe in the holy truth, 
I desirt^ you of all love, that you would buye a booke sett 
forth by Mr, John Downehame* called '' The Surnnie of 
Divinitee," a book worthie to be read of all good Christians 
in these daye.^, and read the same heedfidly/' Upon her set- 
tling herself in tlie town of Rye, he thus raises his warning 
voice : ^^ O remember to have a care of yourselfe, for you are 
gi>tten into a Towne which is given to much prophaneness, as 
I have lH.'en certified; sweareinge^ curseing, whoredome, 
gkidding^ and many such simies^ they say, doe there abound, 
whert?fon* take heede to yourselfe. Easily may you decay in 
gixHlnesSj but hanUy will you recover agayue that which is 
oiico lost.*^ 

His mother's death occurred in Marcli, 1639-40, and the 
following letter gives an interesting account of her last days : 

** My letter to Mra. Wenboni, of Mayfield^ who before wm y« wifia 
of Ur. John WllmBliiirst. 
"Godly Fbiend, 

" You may thinke me too bold in p'sumitig to p*Bent these coiiftjsed line* unto 
yo*" view, vrhich will but trouble you to read, but more trouble m© to writet in regwrd 
of y* old friendship and acquaintuocc^ betwct'TiD you ftiid my mother ; having dow 
tbi* opportunity oould not but BCfpiaint you with tlmt which I wish you had beend 
iin eye witnew of, even y^ death of my {leanest friend under God* It is now 23 
weektiB a^o eheflniihed £er oounie; «he aiokened firat like an ague upon y<? 2f+tb of 
October, being Tueidfty ; on y* Wedneeday ahe went out to Goodman Miller's to re- 
petitfon ; j^ ThutidAj y* fit tooke her againeand held her as before, and on y^ Friday 
iIm went out to a burial 1 whioh was y^ last time aho was forth. On y* Saturday 
fihe waa tooko agalne, and so it held her all nighty and y^ next day being Sabbath 
ehe was very sicko, yet in y« AAeatiooiie she rose, but a till contiuning Bicker 
on y*> Hon clay as isKi^ lay, ihe read y" J 02 Paalme — For y*^ Lord seemed to 
hide hiniselfo fVom her, hut he diil not forsake her over long. In that night 
hoe revealed hhnsiVMo to her In a Bwoete maunert bo y* her bruised bonwa l^pt 
for joy ; in the murnlnir she rc|w3(ited to us what a sweet night she had enjoyed and 
huw y^' Lord had lei out hiint^olft^to iiet from tht'so wordij of y^ 3*; Psalmej 5, G. 7* 8, 

* The Rer, J. Down(?hivm wm the youngest son of the Bishop of Chester (in which 
eity ho WM horn) J and l>rotlK>T of the Bisbop of Dpiry. He wa» of C, C. College Cam* 
htidffo, and B.D. Besidci fhf pious work here alluded to, he was the author of " a 
Quide to Qodliuesfl," and lomn othi*r useful treatises* Jdii miuistrj was chiefly eier^ 
okud in Ifondon, wh«r« he died in 1614, 



SAMUEL JEAKE, SENB., OF BTE. 



59 



a^ TenflB, and thiit now ahe hml fouru] by exp^rionoe what we ImYe yet but by pro- 
inlfe, IhAl heairmease may end art) foramghi t>ul joy comoth in y^ sDorning. Con- 
tinniog sicke we ^ugkt to y^ PLiyaitian ; thiH wcMjko, lik^ a Saint, ber woida miab- 
trad gnu>e to y^^ heaiiiri, and idie woa p'i waded ilie ahouM die on y(> Sabbath, aod 
p harinff done « weekee worko abe should en tar into \m rest; yet God otherwise 
pierented, and that 8atan nii^bt take hi& la^t farewell of trunUling her, took oocosioa 
hereby to moleet her, but at length y*^ Ix^rd fcvealed Uhnsolfe to her more fully tliati 
hskg% m that about y« middle of y*^ weeke ah© told us she wae full of joy aa her 
hflait oonld hold. The Lonl had nowr aillioCed her with a gore months whbh much 
troubled her to speak : about y^' btUir end of y^' weeke we had good hope af her re* 
Qow^ft but God ordered it better for her game> thougb for our lottei oa y« B^^ivd^ 
nlgtit and Sabtialh following she could take downe nothing butbeeFe ood eugwr wlm 
ft£nth«r, and on yo Monday and Tuesday she waxing worH@ and worse, wa had little 
hope of life left in her; on y*-* WedneMay^ being the 20th day of November, jibout 4 
ft olooke in the Aftemoono she sweetly yoelded up her aoule into her Father *a 
hRnds; catching up her bands togei her, utU'ml thesti words — "Come Lord," but 
what TOore could not be heard. Thus, a^ yrjti ha^l aeqUQintanoo of her in her life^ 
jcii Km ftoiiuaiutod with a true relivtion of her death, that you may rejoice with her 
and weepe with me ; and that G^>d to whome ahme beloDg the iflsnee of life and 
diftthf hdpo Ufi to glorifie him In eitlier or both condidona. 

*' So praieth 
** Youa POOKB FncENDt lately kobbed of 

Bm CElEFEflT JEWBU:^" 

Bie, Moidi, 24th, 1639-40. 

It IS not known where Jeate wiis educated, but it is very 
evident that he was well instructed. The works he left liehind 
him prove this. In 1 640, the year after his mother's death, 
when he was yet only 16 years of agej a cui'ious incident 
laid the foundation of an important change in his religious 
riews. This is the account of the circumjtanee : — • 

lfi40. — When Mr* John Hfimfton waa minister at Rye, one M, M, had a bfwtiwdi 
will in her lying-in being dangeroii»ly ill, was (>raied for in y" puhlique congregation ; 
liio old Mri. Ann Threele, fi£ I mfnde, or another prafesaed Fa{»iet was buried^ and 
In v» doing of either my tender yeArea and appreh^ntiom} tooke otrence^ being then 
muSer the ministry of the Church of England, as eo called ; this occasioned me to 
isy aomethujg of my dislike, and the lame mUieported to John Coulton^ Their 
difleicnce^ biding made up they beeatne, ha cays, " loving frienda, and bolh« with 
others, difil Iking the national way » some differences arose betweene Mr, Beatou'^ and ua, 
whereupon betwoene us y«^ foUowlog letter was sent bira, but never bod any answer." 
[The purport of tbifi joint production was to defend their viewt on the snty'eot of 
Baptism, for it appears they bml given offence by going out of *'y^ parish assembly'* 
Then the children of '*vi!?ib]e unL>elievers " were baptised. The propositioQg 
fhich they endeuvom'ed in tljia letter to prove from Scripturt^ were ; — 
1st — '* that the Churches instituted by y« npostlea in the primitive times are only 

particnijir Churehes, and not national/' 
2ndly^™'' That the faithfull onely and their seed being a Church Commimion, are 

the proper subjects of Baptiame/' 
3id]y, — " That it is high sacriledge aod a profanation of the name of Qod and hl« 
Ordinances for either Church or officer to dispense Baptlenio upon any other 
iubject, save onely y^ faitlifull and their mm.'^ 
The letter concludes by entreating him ** eithijur to give y^ blesaing before ym 



r ^ J<^ Conlton w^ a soldier and ehaplaln iti tbe Parliajneiitarjr (mny, under Captain 
"T&un Morley. Tliere ue Bevaral letter* from him, written in 1643, 1644, Tide 
,__» «iL gaai. Arck ColL 
• Mr. Beeton. See smbeeqnent List of Vicars of Eye. 

1 2 



60 



A BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH DF 



daptk^t or elio not to he offended U us if we go out of j* Baseniblj," In n nots nt 
the end of the copy of the letter, h© adda :— " This letter waa Bigtiiid by John 
Coult'On, m^Belfe^ wid several others, who, when we sent it were thtie mmded, but 
»ome of ua aftorw«rde wemg further into the point of BttptiBme, laid by yf Bapti^jm^ 
of all InWtft, ai well tJiose of y^ iznmediata oa more remote l>eliev]ng poreuta, and 
only annexed Baptiame to BeUeTera making profeasion of their faith.''] 

Imbued with these principles he soon became the Minister j 
of a conventiclej and one Joseph Nichols, of Favershami 
thus remonstrates with him : — 

** Take heed^ San^uel^ you run not before you are &ent» for although you can 
^leake welli and seduee the people^ and have an eloquent toung^ and the like (I 
«nTj not your gifta) yet let me penuada you to take hJeDde of pndet ^^ whicli I 
heare you are mightily pufTed up, dca.^^ 

About this time the Magistrates of Rye had imprisoned 
one Nicholas Woodman, which called forth the following letter 
of remonstrance from Mr. Christopher Blackwood,^ of Marden, 
dated March 11th, 1646: — 

** To the Mayor and Jurats of Rye* 

'' I am right Borry (and ye rather tn thia respeot yt I have beene for- 
merly a l^der unto you) that you or any of you should give one of y*^ first leading 
exttmptea to Impriaou any of y(» saints of God, for conscience, as I heare you have 
impriaoned one Nicolaa Woodmnn, now (aa I heare) your prisoner, not forpreaebing 
but fitt playing in ye presence of some of yo Saints met at Mr. Miller's house, for (if 
mf infaimtT fnile not in bia relation) Mr, Maior, aa aoone as he had done prayijtg, 
csame and tooke him away. This man was a Baptist, and bo fiirre as I ever saw 
by hmi, a tnan of godly life, and for bis abilljties^ I wjsh that hundreds of pHsh 
Churohea (aa they are ealled) had but one so able. Beside the man is a poore man, 
having a wife and ebild, whose groans ery for present relief, when their tJitber that 
shall provide for them lyes in a atinkiog prison, and cannot provide for himselle." 

He ends his letter with a prayer for the prisoner's release, 
and beseeches them *^to cast a favourable eye upon the rest of 
y* godly living in the Towns with them, though differing from 
them in judgement. '* 

The year 1651 was an important epoch in S, Jeake's 
career* He had now reached the age of eight-and-twenty, 
and had become an Attomey-at-Law ; in this year be was 
made a freeman of the Boroughj the Common or Town Clerk, 

' Be had been curate of Eye 163S— 1635, under Brinn Twyne, B.D., of whom see 
list of RjQ Vicara ia a aabs^qaeat part of the volame. In a lett<?r from Anno Fetter, 
dated Hever^ Jan. 23rd, 1632. to Anne Jeakes (6, J'i mother)), «he writes ?— "The two 
mayne thinga you know we oesyred on, the one yon doe enjov, too wit, Mr. Blsiclcwood'a 



4 



n, 379^^10. At tbia time, Ifrlfi, bo wjta the incnmbont of Marden, Kent, hut neeedea 
from the C1uir*ih of England on the quoetlon of baptumi. He w&a the author of "The 
Btorming of An ti -Christ \ ApoBtolicoJ Baptigm j Expoaitions and Sermons on the first 
Tea Chapters of Matthew j and Soul- Searching Cateohiem,^* 



8AMU£L JBAEE, SENB., OF BTE. 



61 



I 



and also took unto himself a wife,^ Frances, daughter of 
Thomas and Mary Hartridge/ of Pepenbury or Pembury, 
Kent^ bom in 1630^ and sister to the wife of Christopher 
Blackwood* The following extracts from Jeake's letters re- 
late to his courtship and marriage- Some impediments pre- 
sented themselves at first relating to his religious opinions, 
and the lady's jointure, so that the business for a while is 
represented as being '*in a negative posture," but these diffi- 
culties were soon removed^ and Jeake writes that — 

" Afterwards having some disoouree with Mr. Blaokwood, and receiviTig^ aome in- 
oonrngemctit I weiit agtdne, sad after a ri^ht uuderatwidiugf of things^ ahe oonsented 
mm the proposiOl* foUowmg readilj granted by me, and we were happily mftrried 
July ITOi, IGSL" 

Propositionfl which I Judpre reaaonable, which 
lieltig gratitDdf I kjiO'W not of any other thing 
I ahall destro. 
1.^1 d^ire UbertJD of cojiscience, and thnt I may have> 
all coDYeoieiices for a jonmey to y« Church , where- j 
of I am a member^ fower times in the yeare, ) 

2. — For J* gooda w'* were yor father's^ bf^mu&e I am ^ 
not fltabliahed in oonscienoe abont j^ title of them 
and GO consequently not of y^ ofie of ttiem though 
youyouraelf be, I deaf re that bo much of it aa will 
be worse for a^iag may be changed with what con- 
yemience may be, and Bome other which will be ot 
a right propertie in my conscience purchased^ 
which I may uae in the roome thereof* 

^, — That foraamia^ as I know not y^ mtumer of yo^ ^ 
worship oor whether there be any thing that will 
oflfend my Domdeuce thurem, I deaire y^ if there 
should be Buoh worship as my heart cannot close 
Ifltball nor niy liodily presence allow of without 
riOi that it may be no alienatioti of ccnjugall afieo- 
tion if I iho4ild&Neiit therein. 

4*— That whewftft my hro'^^er Mr, Blackwood told me \ 
that he hud proposed no other condition nbout 
temporal) estate Bave the Jointure of yo^ house unto 
me, yet tbis thing I shall addd, that in ease we 
hflve no i^ue, and if you ahottld dye firatf I deaire 
it tnay be given to n^e and my heli^ for ever. 



Thla was pYormedaa 
oft aa fihee desired 
after marriage*" 



" Some goods 
sold and othcn the 
property altered aud 
she better satisfied 
therein," 



" She iiOTer tooke 

offence y* I ever 
learned, nor at ^ny 
time when in Town 
or to go forth 
did absent her* 
aelfe:" 

**The joynture waa 
aecordingly made, 
but I being y« sur- 
viYor and she 
leaving Istue ia 
voide," 

'*^MBry Blackwood 
brought down and 
kept here till my 
wife desired to send 
her home/^ 



-That you will be pleased, for aa much aa I see my 
dster Blackwood oTerburtheued with young chil- 1 
dieut to let me keepe Mary Blackwood her i 
daughter till we have ciiildren of our own©, 

Which things being by you subacribed, I trust I 
fihall flhew my eelfe a loyally loving^ and datifkll 
wife, 

r From the Begicter 1661, July^-^^Bee it remembered that Tharaday, the 17th day of 
Jaly, in the year of omr I.«o>rd 1661, Smnuel Jeakej of Rye, Gent., and Francia Hort- 



63 



A BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF 



These preliminaries being arranged, 
future husband^ dated July 9, 1651, a 
maiTiage, Frances Hartridge writes — 



in a letter to her 
week before their 



** I havo all things ready for our MudoM, he amured of the tender affectiana of hfiL . 
ihftt liiv(>ii yuM tlW time nnd denth sever; tilings ore appoi tiled towftnb^ tlio nuptialB ' 
ficconling tt> yiiur ftjrjioLu&i^il tiiue on TJiUrssdsy, July ITtli. Hftst calletj ma away, I 
slioll not w<jrd any further, which is but sui>urlluous where alT*xstiona jxth not ques- 
tionedj aodeairing your prayers for aguodsuccea upon the iateiule*! bueinus, I rest, 

*' YouiB tiU death, _ 

" F. h; J 

"July th6 3, lesip 1 

*' I dvairb you to buy mo a ring with a diamond in it, and bring it with yon, and 
be not unwiudfuH of the gluvea 1 spoke tu you of.' 

Their happiness, howeverj was not destined to be of long 
duration, bL^ing terminated l)y her death from small-pox in 
the fourth year of their marriage, Dec, 9th, 1654, They 
had three children, two of whom died in infancy- The sur- 
vivor lived to be a person of some note in his native 
town. The Kestoration now took place, and several Acts 
were put in force against Nonconformists,*** In consequence 
of this persecution Mr, Blackwood had in 1662 withdrawn 
to Holland, and it appears from his correspontlence that 
Jeake at this time entertained the intention of joining his 
brother-in-law at Amsterdam. He remained, however, at 
his post, and as a preacher of sectarian doctrine rendered 
himself obnoxious to the laws then in force against Dissen* 
ters, and, among others, the Vicar of Kye thus attacks 
him: — 

" Tbe«G to Mr. Samud J0ake^ 
" Mr. Jeaxb, 

'* The insolence of some of yo Eeatots (I believe animated by you to 
J* contempt of all gootl order and government) hath moved moe to take y"^ notiee 
of jf^ extra regular meetiogB y*- otherwise I should not have done. Not bnt that I 
peirBwade myaclfe to boe ab!o to eonviuoe you (if you lint to undeii^ yo^" triall) how 

intolerable an injur- '* = '' ^'-^^-^ '- ^" '^"^ "' - j....^-.,..* t.At. — „— 

y" King's authority 



n 



intolerable an injury it ia you doe y^Belfe, in y^ fSfBt place, yr igoorant followerg, 
I y*^ credit of the to wne, and 



I y*' progreas of Xiaoity in general, 
to these parts, by y'' i^chiamc and ecpnmtion, ^', I jnuHt let you know y* 1 have 
lately red some inetructious in purtuance of hk Majesty's C(jmand for y'' totall eup- 
preaaioD of ConventicJea, and y'^ y"" impuuity hath been lately obj^tetl to mee bb 
y« great support of aome men's conturaaey^ Know in sltort y^ I oannot^ nor wiU 
any longer beare it ; but if you will dare to continue y^ hokling fortlj, notw^iifltand- 
Ing this, thanke yo^^clfe If worie come of it You cannot but out of your great skill 

* Use t^alxte of the female Postaeript is well illustrated in this eoi'lj eiampLo by F. Hi j 
*• 1S» Oar* 2* EncliKliiig Diest^nterK fVom CorporntioDa. 

14. Car. S, The Att tif Cotifdrmity', BttrtbolotneVs Act. 

1ft. Car* 3. Againut BehiaTuiitic Worship. 

17. Car. S. The Oxford Aet. Tbe Five-ioile Aet, baniflhing Diseeuting teaehera to 
thjifc dig tan ci^ fr*3m Corporute townB. 

2SJ. Cut. 2. For the luppresaion of ConyenticleB, 



SAMUEL JEAICE, SENR., OF RYE. 



63 



I 



in law^ know to wt distance jou are oomomded if jou refuae to conform, I am 
eomanded to persist m ea&e you destst not. 8', if you can any way satis f>' mee and 
jiiitifi' j^ielfe "upoii feat& of reaaon and Beligion, 1 shall be ready to enibmoe yt op^ 
portunity* B^t if you have no more to say for yrselfo, y« I luppou© you hav^f tik.^ 
a little popular applawee, beafd^ vf^ profitable argum^titd arc be^t known to yi'selfe, 
I must presume at li^t tUis ultimate advice, mjU ttmpfhi^ fmi g^ dFturim. I hope you 
will take y^ advioe, and deaistj and lave all further troublo to yr 

" Lo; friend in all X^^ oflloes, 

"Bye|NoTM9, 1670.*' 

(Endorsed.) Ri- thii letter, Nof. 21, 1670. 

A MS. entitled *' The Natiyity of Samuel Jeake, junr., 
astrologically handled, &c*," contains a chronological sura- 
marj of the most important events in his life, which are 
termed in astral language '^ Accidents," Amongst them the 
following entries occur : — 

** Aug* 20t 168L Usurpation of y" Maiomlty at Bye, by T. Croucht" upon which 
my father was sent U'fortj the Council, and the tneetlog shut up, and in fihc tny 
failjer pereeouted out of the to^ti find myaclf al^o. Jn Dec. of that year he had buea 
prosecuted with several oth€?rs (or Jennifc (Gerjevit) Becusantfi, wholly abatalning 
fyota the I 'vice and aacriLTiientg of the Uhureh of England*" 

** May, ieS2* My father persecuted on the Oxfortl Act, and forced to l?e private*" 

" No?, 23* News f hnt I vfm infonne^l against m the Crown Ofhce at , and 

ofaaattachjnetit against my father on the Oxford Act* Upon which be went to 
ItfOtidim next day and tarried Hll 1(J87*" 

**May 11, 1687. Jotimey to London to accompany my fiither Ijoek to Rye after 
his exile." 

'* May ^4, 1687* Father returned to Bye and «pftke in the Meeting till bl8 death*" 

The following letters have heen selected from a series of 
others, written during the interval of his retirement : — 

^' Feb'. 15th, 1G82-3. 

***,,**.,..! aniwered your queries, and gave you an ac- 
GOnipt of my pilne that then continued from ^ to g since which through mercy my 
putney are abated, though lome remnants rumain : what the Issue of these offten 
vi£tt& from He*vaii may produce at last, you may wmj, and prepare to aee me no more* 
Though yo' deiires and filial aJectione (of whiob I never doubted) should be denied ^ 



Cd 



" See fuhf<H|neat list of Vicara of B . 

" In Attgiwt, 10S3, Tbunms Crouch had nnu'ped the office of Mayor, though Mr, 
Thomas Toumay worn legally choson, and aerved aim with an Order of Council, in con- 
»Miaenc« of which he wafl cnmpelled to appear before the King and Cooncil at Whit«- 
J»ill, with Jeafee itirl other disseiitere who voted for him* The King was iiiformcfl by 
aeb that Jeake wft« « preacher nt a seditionB ContentielA, whereupon Jealte denied 
t he bad prtrdchet! skHJillnn, The King anked him why he so transgressetl the laws P 
_ J which Jt*vke riaplicd that if he did aa trAaMfreM, hii Majesty's courts were open. 
Thua the Kino' tola him that if he were so mcicn far the Law he should have it, and bid 
the Attorney GeJieral proa^jcute him npfin the Chrford Act, and comniaLnder! C^tieh to 
iiliTif up th<* Cuuf entiele. In May, 1682, the Badar of Bovcr Castle came to take him on 
the Writ--dc3 tixcom* capiendr) — and lie wus starved with a sammomt by the Crown Office 
tooppeur upon the t>ifurd Act, but he withdr*^w from the town for aome days. In Nov, 
IfSv, as atfat-^hment was isaned agaiaEl him, upon which he set out for London, where 
he remained fmt.il 1687» twn ycatf; after Charlea'a death, and when his snei^es^r Jiuuea 
had @tt€mded his pardon towordA disseaters,— ifof^ov^f 'f Bidory ofUff^^ p* JS55. 



u 



A BIOGEAPHICAL SKETCH OF 



ihej sh&U h&ve pstemAl reoiprocatloiiB ; yei 1 know nothiDgf but if Qod ipore 
life, and the aepeete from above \y& more propitiouB, I may nee fije. If in my i 
eencG I aball find ray life in jwjpardj I shaJl be willing you huve tiauely notioe, that' 
I may set mine eyefl upon you bofom I dye^ and you may put yo^ liatidi upon mine 
Trbea dying. God Almighty bleas yotj, your wife» and isdu^Jie shall give yon, and 
give me your society in Heaven, thoagh I should have no more of it on earth, 
vr^ would be as acceptable to me as you. And vrbetlier our iniquitiea as well as 
y^ iniquities of y^ times have not boMi coojunot to the accompliEhmt of this prcs^^nt 
diirponsationf may h& confiidered by us diatinctly ; and whether I only have eaten 
y^ eoure grapes, though yo^ teeth are set on edge. But whatever y* oau^ on eartli 
hath boon, I am sure y* cure is in Heaven ; I am willing to look thither; and Ebould 
I look any where el^e can &ee nothing from men, means, policy, power, ear^, con- 
triiraaoe, or sucli like, that may render a prospect of help to y^ diatreBses, di^tniftta, 
diifemtionat feares, snares, trials^ Jto., of j^ sons and daughters ofZiou, I am eonrio- 
times refcdy to fear instead of my coming to Rye you will be forced from theuce, and 
blees €k)d, you have yet been able to tiear up ag* y? storm, and desire, if it he hia 
will, yon ujay dwell quietly under your own vine. 1 am not without hopes that in 
measure God will meettliis storm, now that it is shot forth, and delmte with it and 
stay his rough wind. But if otherwise, let all go rather than Chriit and a good 
oonsctcncc — ffeare not them that ean kill the body, but Him that can kill and cast 
both liody aud aoulo JJito HeU Mj true love to you, my daughter, your mother^ and 

" I renaain, 

" tour truly In, fether, 



**,*»,,! thank you for yor invitation to Bye^ but were I 

weary of y^ City I catinot yet take ye joum<^, being not wholly freed of my painea, 

though by the good hand of God upon me much abatwi ,1 heard 

this week by a gentleman aa if they were iutendtxl to be a Tittle milder with yi^ Dia- 
eanters, and yt y* L^ Keeper hid order to stop the Capias writs agt Excomimicate, 
and ye Judges in their Cireuits to be favourable to Disseutera, and would they have 
pettconed they had been Indulged, but some hint as if a defiigti were if any had 
peticoned to compound w^^ them for a yearly sumo, for money is precious at Court 
iometimcs, )'^t they continue to stop y*^ people from going in at their Mceting-hou£as, 
and soma yt get in before y* officers come, turned out, though some of y* oOiceiii ar« 
frO friendly as to let them know when they will come that they may be gone before, 
and few carried to prison . The Court is gone to Newmarket, some say y*' D» of 
Mou," is coming in favour again, and y^ Hyde is going to Ireland, and Y. to Soot- 
land again, how tnic I know not. Yesterday I beard y'^ Earl of Yarmouth is dead* 
The French were buzzing into the Europeans, Y*' priaie to be won at a horse raoe^ 
at which time the K. bad a design to surprise Charleroy and some other towns who«© 
Governors we had corruptedt but it was dijjoovered and prevunted. 

Your truly lo. father^ 

Sa. Jeake, 
Maroh]0»lC92-3. 



d 

i 



*'My Deabe Sok, 

**..,.* As to yp outlaw, w^^ you mention Mr, Knight in- 
fbrmed Mr. Skinner of, would come out agmiost me for next terme, I think it will be 
to no purpose to throw away £'di) to keep it off for a 12 moneUi, seeing if that on 
p Osfonl Act Im atopt, it will lie no stop to y^ Gapiaa upon y^ Eioomunicacon, but 
may as well be taken upon that and sent to prison as upon y^ other, so 1 yet am re- 
solved to rest on Providence, and let y^ Lord do with me as seemetli good in his Sight 
It ia no little refreshment to me, and a great mercy lo you, to beare you ore yet spared 
from prosecution J which if you should, 1 doubt you must be forced tooome away. Ai 
long OS you are not prosecuted y^ books may remain as they are; But if there ba 
any thing else that was mine vf^^ you can ipare, you may sell aud put into moDi 



i 



I 



" Duke of MomnoatLj Earl of Clarendon, lud Puke of York, 



SAMUEL JEAKB) SENR., OF RYE, 



65 



I 
I 



The Qneftt Tobk and atooles joa may soil if you can get 4f)s., though it be worth 
more J or an J thing <?)«e ydu have a mindt^ to sell. The parcel! of Ikx>k.« you men- 
tion J* stood upon y- shelf aoder y^ great Map neere j« window, if you seod me a 
CktftiogiM* I may *e<* w^l I can get for tbem. On y* 5th instflut I roodv^ & letlef 
ft«m Mr; Mark wick <\^^^d April 2, whorein he inibrniB me yt by y» yigillanoy of 
y* Adveraary he thinkn you will not be able to gaine any opportunity to meet wilii 
more Uit'n 5 at>ove y* family, and would have my thoughts on that j touching 
which the Lonl direct you for I capnot : But if you cannot meet otherwise to enjoy 
any leaaon of jo.miiaff yo^ forces to scud up yo^ pjcticons to heaven without distmo- 
tioo, you. were better meet with that Dumber th*^n not at alh If y^* Lord deprive or 
>U!fFcr j^ adveisaties rather to deprive you of your Bolemae aMcmblieB, the sin wiU 
bey* enemies, y*»ulFering8 y". I do not think the loas or deprivation of some ordi- 
sanoei will sepamte Qod and hi» people^ seeing ho was with y« congregation in y* 
wUdemesd when they wanted circumcision and y* passover, and at first had no settled 
prfasthourl or ministry among them. If you did take some weeke day to aet apart 
mad seek God in y* case^ and make it a particular request whether to meet witb 5 
or more ae you have done^ and run the riaque of it The God of Jacob be yo* re* 
itig^ and put underneath you Uia everlasting arms, make yo^ enemi^ y* promiso 
to theiDfielves great things liars, and make you to tread on their high places. If 
there be any worth or strength in mj pmycm you may all be sure you shall not 
want thcTOj and I perawade myself I have a ah arc in yours ; and if I knew when you 
would set apart any time to seek God, as above, I would let my spirit be p'sccnt with 
you, and send up one aigh and groane for yoo. I can send you do news : sometime 
a talk of a parliam^ sometime none ; things ai^ iu y* city much as when Mr. 
llarkwiok was here, only it is expected a great many wUl he excomunicate for not 
receiving the Mcram* at Easter or y* next Lotd^s day according to y* order of y" 
Bp of London^ E. of Salisbury some say i^ dead, and E. of Muegrave, With 
kind love, 

I rest, y' very lo : ffiither 

Ba* Jeak£, 
(April 12) tOS3p 



" ]>EAB Sox,— 

*' I hope theae will find you, yo'' wlfe,i^ and mother" in health, 
though I have not had a line from you this fortnight, but I understand by Mr. 
Toumay and Mr, Gillart tliat yo' mother got home well, and that you were well 
when ihcy left Rye ; bo I am the better satisfied. I have Uttle to writo to you only 
y" opportunity of conveyance by Mr. Gillart hath put y* pen in my hand. Stand 
^t in the ffaith, and hJiving bought y« truth sell it not Be thankfull for what 
merdei you hnYO ; put yo' trust only in y** Lord and feare not ; let not y* example 
of any that rehipeo stagier you; nothing venture nothing have, is an old layingt 
■od may be Termed \n m Christians adventurer for God< , « . , I had rather 

■ee jpira B mai^ thfta m afK^etate I have no greater joy in y* i»rth 

HittD to see yen wnlko in y* truth as you have received a comandment from y" fiather. 
Iho Old wtU ciowB yci^ work j fight y* gootl fight of ffaith, lay hold of eternal life. 
. . . « Be fnftnat in prayer, often in meditation ; trust not uncertain riches j 
mwmd ftU dhtlamtMl and distracting cares - delight yo'^aelf in y"^ Lord and ho 



" Mr. Markwick, *'Juue 4, UM, By a wareut vnder y*" hands awd ftesla of Job^ 
Badfordj Majore, Lewie GiUard, Robert Hall, Milea Kdijarj and Tho: Odiern, Jurauta, 
«a« mmxed from Thonma Markwick in Goods of his Shop to y valow at first oast of 
£S7 5a. 2d., and sould by y« Conatable for £20 6s. Od., for his pretended preaching m a 
Ccmfentide/' 



By«»^ Tw w 



fun,j married EHaabeth daughtt^r of Richxkid and Barbara naTtflhome, of 

iuifn he bid ail ehiUlron. R, 11. waa niaater of the Grammar Sohoolj hi« 

vridfjw of — HardiDg. During hia courtahip he writea thoa to h^i 

: lue thou marriedst twice agaiuat thy wiDj why not a third time to thy 

Qe? maiden name was HuLman, probably of Beckl^y. 



9$ 



A BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF 



atatl gtT* ymi yo^ heait'i desire. TTie God of all irrnoe fftabliali, HtrcngiHerij snA' 
perfeet yon, blcsa you and all youra, make you a seed of y* bl eased of y* Lord, and 
f^ of^nng with you* True love to you and aJl frieodfi with you from 

To* truly lo : and leader Jitfae^ 

June Tth, 16B3, 
Hoi well hath set out an appendix tohia formef piece ; I have bought it for 6d. 

Jeake did not long survive his return home after Ms 
exile. In 1690^ Jan. 26, his son writes;^ 

'* My father waa taken ill with & pain in y« finger* with gangpeeue; he web never 
wall after till hia deaths which was Oot?^. 3rd followiug; but one distemper after 
■noUier." 

The reader is referred to an interesting and striking 
description of the closing scene of his life in the words of S* 
Jeake^ jnn^^ supplied to ns by Mr, Holloway in his History 
of Rye- 

Jeake was a Puritan, and an honest and conscientioua ' 
one, but his religions views varied from time to time, as may 
be gathered from his own letters :■ — 

" I have/* ho sayi, '* great tendemosi and largo eharfty* if I am not deceived in 
myaelfe, for believera of different |)^reunaion», oven to all that walke ooDS<?ientiou*ly 
under any forme of Scripture cognizftnce. * . * . I would ba a cotnjMUiioa to 
aU that feare Him." (letter to Mr. Morris 1667), 

He lived in an age of great religious excitement, and en- 
tered deeply Into the controversies of the time; his own 
views being of a bold and specnlative character, but always 
tending towards primitive forms and purity of doctrine, 
We have seen that he left the Church of England on scruples 
concerning infant baptism ; he did not rest here, but adopted 
iiie opinions of Saltmarsh and others, that none ought to 
give baptism now^ l>ccanse tliere is none can give the Holy 
Ghost with it- , - ^^^Tiat God hath joined together let no man 
put asunder/' ** The fulness of time is not yet come tor 
ordinances," In an Essay on these subjects to ^'his res- 
pected friend Mr, Beane/' (of Tenterden?) dated Oct 11 
1675, Jeake writes; — • 



*' 1 wonder not why some dissent from me who would have churches and ordi- 
aanccB of the prijultive pat^jrne ; or that I dissent from uthers that will have 
obufdiM and ordmanoes of any aort rather than he without, or at best will sot up 
db.'iuehes and ordinances as well ae they themaelves can make tbem j both which I 
muBt leavo wartniug thamselvea with Uie sparkei of the li«a of their owne kindliogj 
tin God ihall rtiveale even j* ftame to them" 






SAUUEL JEAKE, SEKB., Of BTE. 



67 



I 



To **his respected friend Mr. Peter Larke in Sandhurst," 
he thus writes in 1663 : — - , 

**■ Sootlaad, wifji her Mrke lessionfif cI&sbqs, prtmntsUll Kad generall asiemblf b^ 
flie moderDe Rutherforde (in hlfi Pantt Ppe^hftGnj^ with a« much coG^deooe aa 
Jeiroll and others for her eister Engliind^ nflinnes to b© n vi&ililci church of Chriiit; 
jett, bleased Br%htiiiaii (in hlg RrpoKi^an €\f ^e Iteitelsem} oonoe&vca her miioh 
D^rer y* pdmitive ptttterne. Bat whiit differeno© between Lord Bikbopt sind 
lordlr PresbTtere? Parcwhmn chur(?h<.'« m Engiiind^ and congregational 1 in Soot- 
land, itieludtng whole parishca, and reckoning within y* pale of j* qhnrcb^ and 
Bdttiitting to church privilcdgei! there,*' ns profane^ raijrt, and con fusee! raiilti- 
|nde:!»; nnd reteininj? amongt^t them tiA little (?videnoe Mild demon stmtion of y* 
Bpmt aa hBm; changing j* namcj and keeping y^ thing, Ad that being laid in y* 
Mkuce, they will be found wanting. " 

Of the Independent Churches he observes : — • 

** They may be called BaiwU from the dMerenoea that have happened among the 
master balldejna/^ 

Among these papers there are two Essays on controversial 
subjects dated 1666-67, addressed to Thomas Morris, of 
London^ who, although his " uuknoiime friend,'' had heard of 
his pretensions as a religious teacher, and being perplexed in 
certain inquiries "concerning the true church and the true 
worship of God,*' had applied U^ him for advice in the 
matter. In a prcliminaiy letter Jeake bids him remember 
that— 

" I see btit to part, and but m in a glass darkly, and therefore dare not say I 
apeake ai the oracles of (iod^ hni oeoofdlng to tbo leot eight of things^ ia my judge^ 
ment, TSt If tt mav not be oonstjued a presampUon, 1 think 1 have j* Spirit of 

This reply called forth from Mr. Morris a long Essay, en- 
titled " Some animadversions and considerations on my much 
beloved and esteemed freind Mr. S- J. his epistle," dated 
London^ 28th Nov., 1666, in the writing of which he was 
interrupted by the breaking out of the Fire of London : 






ferret" he sayi , " Bear S^ had I proceeded before the great calamity of that 
fire bigim tli« Sod of Septembr, iaG6, which put a stop to it till now/' 

In this paper he enters largely into the question of the pre- 
tended miracles of those days : — 

" There at>e some amjong ns^^' he Bays, " that doe pretend to mlraclca, as for Sn- 
in a aociety of thoae (jailed Baptbts that I know now dweUing in Sguth- 



^^ When they ahull read this clearly in jonr oUai'ge, 
Kew Freabyter ia but oM prie4t writ large. 



K 2 



MiltotL, 



m 



A BIOGBAPHICAL SKETCH OF 



warke^ vho botli printed and published to the world (one Mr. Clajtoa tHelng « 
teiiober) their ciiBting out of (ievillB, or aeveratl uncleane Bpirito, out of n joiiw th«t 
wBspoABeet^ the youth a little while after he was dispoa&e^t (aa they efty) Imyselfa 
did tee with his father, nnd spake to him» aod he did affirtue It to he fmUy true. 
Bo tome of those called Quiikers doe in like maimer preteod to have wrought 
miracles, and to have power U> work them, though I must (jonfeaa^ to see iome of 
tbcmj as I have seen a woman acted in their meetings here in Southwark (thifi 
woman was taken just as womeo arc wlnjn they have fitta of faUing siekue^ ooim- 
ing on them) a rationall persoii that is in his right sen sea shtiuld rather judge 
them to be absolutely (for the time) poseeat with some violent or evill tormenting 
apirilf then acted by the asveet and gracious ^till influences of the J^pirit of God, 
, , ^ ♦ 1 have s|ioken to some that fifty they have faeted 13 or U days without 
reoeiving any outward fiustenance at all ; lic»i<lea it is not unknown to you^ I pre- 
sume, how long it is certainely related that l>mld Geot;gi3 could fast. One Chuflei 
Bayly, that had been at Rome with » moajiage from the Lord, as he told me, whea 
he came back, he was put into the prison at Dover, where I did gee severali times to 
viaitt him, and conferro with him ; and he did there endcavottr the casting out of a 
BevtU in one Wocdly (as I remember hii aKme) which the congregation of Bftpl^Btfl 
there without doubt well know and remember tor they had some cause soti to 
doe. This Cbnrlefl Bayly whilst there aJlao preleiided to have the gift of healing 
with washing with faire water onely, and others that w«re troubled with convulsion 
fitts and agues (as I remember alko) to cure them ; as Mr. Thorn na Fidge^ of Dover, 
who was the keeper of the prison, can t4*stify, Thts Charles Bayly affirmed to me, 
in the presence of God, that one time as he was in the prison (or the Inquisition) of 
Eotne, a transcendent light and brightness showne round about him and lillcd the 
roome ; and that he heard tlie Lord speaking to him in an audible voyce, with th« 
outward organs of his eares* Here was lately one Gratrix* a geiptleman that camo 
from Ireland into this citfy, one of the Church of Enghind m it is now model'd by 
law, of whom the common and generaU report from Ireland and throughout this 
citty was, that he had the gift of h(»aling all diatempera by streaking or touching 
onely J I know of two persona in p'ticnlnr that went to him, a young maid with the 
King's Evil!, or somewh' !ike it, of whieh she wiig helped imd cured; the other a 
gentlewoman with sore eyes, but she recclv^etl do benefitt at all that she i^rceived t 
here U enough not to say attytbing how mucli the Fapl4ita and Jesuits pretend to 
miracles, &c.'"'* 

Jeate's rejoinder is entiUed ** Some contraniraadversions 
and comiter considerations to y" animadversions and consi- 
derations of my much respected and ingenuous freind Mr. 
T. JL, in his last epistle/' dated Dec- 28, 1667, extends to 
54 closely written folio pages, with numerous marginal notes j 
and references to Scriptui*e, and the works of learned divines, j 
I shall content my readers with the following extract : — 

" The aplrfttial man can always dlacem between the forgerioa and fopperies of 1 
Satan and man, and the thiujp of God, I never read y« Siunmaritanes were troubled 
to disttngnish betwf^ne y^ miracles of Phil Up and y^ sorceries of Simon, or that 
tme mtroeles ever wanted evidence to enfor<;o conv in cement . * , . . th« 
oredit of the miracle must be taken on the credit of the relator ♦ * , , If y« 
vulgar gaze and wonder at Hiery apparitiona and Ihiuko them reale, y* skilful fts* 
tronomer counts it easie to difference bet weene y trne ijunnc? and parelii and j* myes 

and inilueucea of dtlicr In Hie next place instances of JTbure sorti 

ftunish yo' paper, as all pretending to miracles, via —those called Baptists and 



I* Brief nc^)iirtt of 3Ir. Vnl. Gratrtjc: dnii tlhftrte of hig s/rnni^ii cares. 
Mtttf^ I^ntl, l6t5G. The great Mr* Bojle logked upon him as no ordinorj pi 
attetted many of bis curus. 



Edic 
person, onf 



SAMUEL JGAEE, SENR., OF RYE. 



69 




Quaken, and those of y* Prfelatical and PaplsttCHil profesfiiani* of bU wh* 
^are >'* first dm Ukely by miracles to advttiico tlifir ropute to bo tmc adraiiilitta- 
of water Is^ptknic by dippmg bellovora (the pomt m hand), aincis y next deny 
IT bftptisme, witueas Na) lor in hiB * Lot^ i& ^Lm^' and practlte it nol upon ftny 
_tbject; and the other two use y« sprinklitig of infiiBtD for y* true water baptisme. 
Neither may y' Baptifitfl themaelvea, if th&y \y& all like tnindedj advantage their 
sdjainlfitnitiona by mlmciJes, seeing one of tLie beat of tbat profesBiotj^ in print bath 
boldly affirmed, upon thii authority of Ghrygostome, there hath boene no mimclo 
done thwe 13 hundred yeiirciit (Blackwood in his Srtul-itcarehinff Hit., jj, 51.) 
BiBznoniakflf whether really |x>a&e«twiih devills, or rather irxfeat witha mving ineaoia 
of j« worat kind as some thiiiko (Mrd4^. Worht, Ttnjh I, p. 8;i, Si BiaektBtfod't I^^poitit 
MatL 8, 1«, p* 108) it mattc^rH not greatly, be it as you will have it. Btit however 
youth in South warkc you metitioti was affected or afliiotedt in y« written re I aeon 
licb I UAw thcreoft I rem*itnber no othor moanea used for his cure than solemn 
■eeklng Qod more daies ihati one, by fn sting and prayer, wh^^ availeth much from 
j«fighteoti8 wheo fenent, aud thiit in tliis kitide. (James V.^ 17. Matt 17^ 21). This 
ih^i was not done in an iiiatoat m iuinu.'lea use to be^ so as the greatest symptonis 
of a miracle tbereiii was y* ffieody retnmo of th«ir prayers, and of such gmelous 
eflects of prayer and wmm aa sp^vly (though not reekoned miraculous) many In- 
stances lotig since may be had ^ven to Home of j= like kind, as in y*^ dispossessing 
of Thomas Darling by Mr. Iiarrel and Mr. Moore (DarreW* Trial and Atwtver to 
MmtmH* t'iark's Maiitjnff^igij in the Life of limdithaw)^ and another of ono 
Strangely fascinated (as believed) whereof ray grandfather was an eye-witness and 
pt Actor in the solemnity of the day above (i<J y earths paat. .... The Quakers 
m called are not of that temper to hide their talents in a napkin ; had they the gift 
of miiacliiS a£ well as the gift of mtension thereto, the world had long ere this 
imng ogaiDe of their attaifiiiientB. But I thinke I may appeals to yorgelfe whether 
aay of y* p^ticulars Instanced hj you .... may be credited for miraotes, 
laying by all prejudice and pnE?clptanoy of y* judgement. As for y tirst of these, they 
are io unlike y* actings of y' Spirit of Ckid (fti ymi well observe) in hia eervant* of 
oli and f posture wherein y' primitive Apoetlea appeared in working mimclet, 
that it mnch more resembled what Virgil In hie ^noas, Lib. *j^ writes of the sybiU 
Duna, Posoere lata, tempm^ ait^ Deus, 40.^ which i^uudys in his TiaTelle has thus 
Englished — 

Ttra^ servei, said she, now aake and know thy fates. 

The Godj behold the God, before the gates : 

This auying, her lookeB chau^ y« whale diiiplants 
_ The r<xl, red white, hair stanoa on end, breast panta, 

}ii^ heart with fury Hwelk| she shews more gr^at. 

Nor ^eakea with Ijojimn voice, now when repleat 

With the Luapiriiig power — ■ 

What is this but fnry and madneest and madness may never be duely counted a 
itiiracle. The reports of their long fastings, visions^ voices, Jtc, (besides y* suspitjon 
they carry of great legerdemaine being witnessed either onely by themselves or their 
p ti'e?^. or by too credulous receivers of inciroumspeet observers)' have not beene suc- 
ceeded with like efftcts or employments to those memorised in y* Bcripturea (Moses, 
Elijah, Esther. ChHjit, Prophets, Ai>ostles) with y^ abiility of iong abstinence or 
^viledgt^ of visional and vocal discoveries, and dcclaraeons : y* issne of these wero 
^ nlneat worker of God, but of all y* other late pretensions hath beene to gaine credit 
'^4o their own doctrines, I might have said of some of them, dotages, for when they 
saw their first pretences of authority and great swelling wor<:ls of y* Lord, and thus 
eailh the Lord of Hosts, &o., with their commands of silence to all others p'scnt 
would not beare pnwne with weU grounded professors whoie hearts were established 
with grace, they l>egan to step higher and imitate or counterfeit the acts of y» 
ftopibeta of old (though they had condemned others telling them they stole y« 



\ words becflUBe tli^y used them, which tht^y themselv*?^ also did) as putting 
onaKltelotht sprinkling ashes on their hco/ls, going about and crying out Woo to 



pVona and pli«es not receiving or owning them, and tometimes oute>^tripping 
moeer as y« woman in y« open congregation at Hyo that itriptherwlf to her ahift '^ 

" Such was the woman who came into Wljitjshall Chapel stark naked in the midst 
of the pabho worship^ the Lord Protector being present— ^eule, vol. 2, p 003, 



70 



A BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF 



to delirer her message, aod atliers elMwbare that I could name, that detitidat 
tUeniselvei even to jr* discovery of their nakedoeM, to bear© their teatimon iea, ** 
y<3t thcije thing)} not doing what they would have thena^ it aeoms (by yo^ writing) 
they have in eome pltycea preWnded further ^veu to ralracles, to propagate (if they 
may be so called) their principles, and practi^ea otherwise like to perish with y* 
vMng, it pome o there before them hare done. . . Qratrix*^ (if his name be 
ioe) i»hom you next mentioiit let bim he one of y* Church of England, as you write, 
or what he will, yet by all I could ever learne of him, nevur took up^m him to pub- 
lish any dcxitrine as true upon y* a<»}onipt of hk cures, nor so muoh as to defend j* 
doctrine and disGinline of 3^^ Church of England, Sij caiie<l, to ho any whit y* aounder 
for y« same. And ns for his ho^liofc diatciupers by stronkinff or touchhig. It ieemi 
by yO»" relaoon and aIbo hy what I have cr(5flilily htjard, hlB endeavours have proved 
incffectnal to some, which I never found followed y« trmch or laying on of y* 
hands of Christ or hb apOHtk's after hini. And moreover I cannot Ixilievo that to 
perfect their mimouloua ourea tht^y Ufte*! physical or cbinirgicAl assistance^ as 
Gratrix did to one Ricliard i*hi«woll, who after ItJog affliction with a sciatica wm 
carried to London 60 milua out of y'' c<nintrcy to be touched by Gratrix; he finding 
his touch faile of y* cure, caused incliiii>ii t<> be maiiej and imprudently l^jtting out 
too much of the matter tUero, patrified at once, y* cure next day ended in y* death 
of y* party. There Ib m uiuch dilTfafeiUKi betwecne medicme and miracle as he* 
tweonc a miracle and no miracle, a doctor of the one and a doer of y* other, ao that 
aJl these thingis conaidered» to my nothing of y* person » let it be granted y* some 
cures have beenc done of Qratdx, yet it wHl be hard for one swaOow to make it 
iummtif. 

In y* last place y* Papists are brought in p' tending to miraclea : but might have 
been set first as bciiig y* greater p'fceuders to miracles hy farro than all y*' others, 
mnd J* more ancient- but be their pretenaions what thoy will, I am of opinion it 
will puEile y« whole ©ille<ige of Cartlinalls to protluce tme true miracle since Borne 
hath beene as she Is, not as she was. One of our countrcpnen (Scot, in hia JHaeavery 
of Witiihemft) hath wdU coupled y" Poj>ish miracles with y* feates and slights of 
jugglers ; for tako away Juj^ling, decoifc, imposture, and counterfeit contrivances 
from their miracles, no mirftclcs are left remaining for them to lioaetot SuftiLtently 
have many writers already spoken tliereto; the pari i am* rolls are not without 
their testimoney in y* statute of Hen* Till* made ags^ Barton and her ftbetton** 
Evefy child almost can laugh at Dunatan's holding ye devill by y^ nose ; Bitspeot j" 
Imagea frieniUy nodding at Leonanls in Winchelsea^ (Lam bant g Pemfnhyhtiim 
of\Ken$) when y* supplicant brought a larg« oftcring. The demolishinge of Cheap- 
side Crosse and other such statues ^* could not but discover how eaeio it was to make 
yc breasts and sides of y'f iniBgea then give milko an<l blood at pleasure^ as easio the 
living mouse could lately make the dead skull move miraculously at Someiset 
Mptua Ai y* Apostle gpeakea of them that resisted y* truth m hia daiet, their mad- 

^ " It is reported crednblf^ly here thata voenuyi distracted com into the greai c^itcnlt 
at Canterbury, where t!n?!j were at their sernce, ami plnckodoiTal] her cloathoe to h^ 
gmok, to tho fiWme of many womcu there, the telling them that ihe welde he as the 
!Prieft waSj and no doatli^ eolde tlioy get her t^ put on till the priest bad puled of his 
anrphaa," Letter from John Osmaufcou to S. Jeakc^ 1661* 

*1 It is now atnlcrjrtood that Great orei performed his reputed ourei by the praoticse 
of raesmerism. — Vide the Koistj Vol. St^^lSktS, 

■» Stat. 2& Hon. 8 c. 12, hy which Blkaheth Barton (the Holy Moid of Kent) and 
her ahettore were oiitainted of high treaaon, inasmuch as she decUu-ed that she had 
knowledge by revelation horn God that God was highly dkplcaHed with our said 
Sovereign Lord, and tli&t if he proceeded with the said divoToe |,CN,thcrine*G) and sepa- 
ration, and tnarried again, he ahonld no longer bo king of thia realm ; and that in the 
estimation of Abnighty God he ehould not be a king one hour^ aiid that he should die 
a iritlain'a death. 

** The image of St. Leonard in the interirjr of the chnrcb held a vane instead of a 
■cepke, whidn was moveable at pleasure, and pcr^ns desirons of a fair wind t«? restore 
to them their fiienda at sea were allowed, by making pecuniary presents, to have the 
iraae »«t in any direction they pkrujcd. 

•* Cheapside Cro«« and ot Lyra were deraolishod May 2, 15^^13 j the Rood of Grace, near 
Ualdstone and other images were deBtrojed in 1688*— Vide Orij^nal Letters, Bwrker 
80c, vol ii., p, 606. 



i 



4 



SAHCTEL JEAKE, SENG., OF RYE. 



71 



I 



^ 



I be et^ident to all men (2 Tim. 3, 9) io it may be laid of tbeae, nnlosB men 
gly bliu'l^ anil little ftdoe will disttnguiiBh Uielr miniclea from reflll atid 

ones. It h com only the puuislmientof lyere not to be believed when they 
Bpeake truths and though y^ Fapista Bhoiild be able to shew a r^li miiaclo, they 
wotild hnixlly redeem their credit therein. I am not so greedy of miracles as to 
oonolude with y^ Hpanish proverbe, Lot y* miittole be done though Mahomet do it. 
(Ha^am el milit^tv y ha^ah Makitifta). Miraolea when performed by adminbtrators 
of God to Gonfirme a truth ahall be truG^ real^ and coavincing ; when by pretended 
adminiatrntors to eatabligh a lye shall be bat lying wonderet Aod if for o^ triaJ] 
Ood miMer any ftigne or wonder given by some false prophet or dreamer of dreames 
to ootno to ptkm (Dent 17) (wlilch he often doth not) comparing their duetHnefi nod 
i\re» with their signes and wondere by y* guidance of y* good Spirit of GimI, no Buoh 
dtSsiil^ u BUppoeed ¥ril1 be impregnable to demonatrate y^ deaigoe, and dliOOTer 
j^ authort no ndminlatratore of God's appointment for hU Gos]H«r mlniitry^ And 
thm ttitioti (if not too mueh) for admimstratoTs, mlraelee, and thii ninth leettcm,*' 

Mr. Morris, in acknowledgmg the receipt of the Essay^ 
desires to present Mr, Jeake 

'* With the sight of n smnll book printed about 30 jeans riiie©, called A Suber Wm^ 
U a Sf^rmv4 Fettpk*,^^ the author thereof and you agreeing no exactly in moat (if not 
all) things there deolmied I hnve pHicular Acquaintance antl familiarity with tho 
author here, and indeed he l& a very undiiiiitundiiig^ eober^ and jn^ljciona' person^ as 
any I know, and desires much (if it might be) to have acqimintaoce with that 
friend that wrottme the answerea to the Queriea^ saying he never knew any in Eng- 
land that came ao nigh him in hia sence aa you did/' 

Jeake replies that he had never seen the hook; hut in 
a memorandum dated March 26, 1668 he states that he had 
received it by M% Joseph Boys; and in a letter dated "Rye, 
May 16, 1668;^ saye 

** I have not only reoei-rod it but ralue yo"' gift at a considerable rate, and if I may 
not deprive you of such a treasure by detaining it, shall lay It up in my treattuy as 
a ehoise jeweih In the reading I called to mind that eome yeares since I bad aeene 
y« booke at y^ house of one Mr* Miller of thia townc^ which in my last letter waa 
altog^her forgotten by me^ and yet am not able to say that I ever read it through 
before I had yom!S*'* 

He was addicted to the practice of astrology, which may Ije 
termed a weakness of great minds, for there were but few 
celebrated men, if any, of Iiis age, that were not more or less 
imbued with the same propensity. If in this respect he 
erred, he certainly erred in good company. To adopt it as an in- 
tellectaal pastime, for the pleasure and amusement derived 
from complex calculation and curious inquiry, is one thing; 
to study it as the revelation of the destinies of life, is 
another; and it seems that it was under the latter and more 
serious aspect that Jeake applied himself to the mysteries 
of this celestial science opprobriously designated, '^ ingmi- 
o$wmmam artem mentieiidV^ 



^ By John Jaokaon. 4«'». I8SL 



72 



A BlOORAFHiCAL SKETCH OF 



Among Jealce's MSS there ai^ the lioroseopes of 150 per-] 
SDiiB resiLling at Rye and in ather parts of Sussex and Kent, 
&c*, including the members of bis own family. One of the most 
elaborate of his treatises, is the natiyity of John Greenefield, 
of Rye 1' — 

'^Jobannes GreenevUe, gen, natog est Ano. Bom, 1G17^ Die 5 A^prils L har. 
0*1^, 33'' 22"' idk"" aflto tDeridiem, Ca.lctilaUones loconmi plane tarumg toe. Mr. 
J. 0, died Marub G, 165}/' 

Here is a letter from Jeake : — 

"To tU© v/QvPP^^ aad his very good freiud Mr, John Gt'^euefeUde, liealth^ &Ci 

^' Hklierto it bftth boene the muiner of the most in tb]« earthly babi- 
tAtlon to judffc ovorythiutfc through a revififSdd perspective, the best of tucd and things 
boini? ii^comit<?d the tiioet tuiii^oous, cfwjb p*ty bnggiai^G what he sboald abhorre, and 
eontemniiiMt.' wbut with comjihit!cncy J^efehould most atlect; aome few onJy exoepted, 
who by ct'li?:^ti!iU ortlinflDoe aiid diinrje strength, wht-o like to be iti^ed w^ ye »ul, 
phuroui and corrupt nyre is^uingti fmm the teuebrnted fountfibe of vulgar under- 
•ttindltlgGs gladly ascend the forked hill" where only tliey may lire like tbemsoKoSi 
. that Wm^ only p'portionable to noble man w^ tr^nacenda the rural 1 touch of bru- 
I tilled rtii^i^i^. But at what a dietanee are most men ft-oin y* betoick*'* eplrit« and 
||n^iinuity of iiielination when some will not be perswaded there are nny Bwoeter 
I fauut*, Uiun tJiosci themselves drinke of, thongh they are plunged in nothing but 
turuldy phanUtsines. Others grow weary in the way and Tantalus like, though 
yn watera are up to ye ohinne, never taste them. And a thbd aort worse then 
fv fonuer eeeko to corrupt and stench what is too pur^e and fine for them^ both ra- 
piiowiJiinjre and bringingo under an odium all art and Artista, when as Ovid iaith ; 
tsdifi gMtid ingenuaji 4liflk'i4tiii\tiiUlit4^r artt^^ emoUli iwres, nee mnit sue. /ervm ; and 
m amounts colours, tliote are most lubject to aoilethat are most tniDHpaTentj ioe 
what ^rU atiit sciencea are moat sublime, those are most apt to be staint^d with im- 
Imllowetl hands. Amongst which, as an art depressed under many cartloads of 
lirnaminy, has the trea-nohle and excellent art of astro Jogy layne smotherM a louge 
tvnie, in w^** Art though such non- proficients aa I are fitly repreeenttid by th<J old 
riddlo, a man and no man threw at a bird and no bird, &:e., yet I dare be Ijold to 
iay that in the doctrine of Nativities I have reaped a thousand tymea Wice told 
Uio uie aud benefit for the labour I bcstowefJ in the springe of my study therein ; 
fibr w^ Oftuse 1 have hoprn>wcd a little tyme from my ordmary cmployin** t^j 
wjdbhle the ensuingc papers that yo^ wor^'f (having already washed at y« foot of ^ 
ram asriu sand began to breath in more pur^raj-re, while some are ^ipingeat* othe» 
eoudcnmingo, and a few study inge this ce1e«tiall science) might retire a few of ytf" ^ 
r j»o«t serbua thoughts (into y^' read inge of y*^ enguinge lines, t^ whi^ yom may not 
i only prove y^ verity of the Art and leame the true coyno fhwa ooituitec^t, but also 
may take a speculum of y^ true method in judginge a Hativity ta w** you may be 
yp more Berious liecause it soo nearly concemea yo'^selfe, aud if you shall find yo^ ei- 
pf^Henoo to jumpe with Art, yo"^ oneouragementfl to proct»ed in the study thereof mfij 
I ill yi^ more augmented. Some ermta possibly may be worthy of correction, ffor I 
half not y** punctual tyme of any accident for y^ emendation of y* Asoendant, 
wherefore wore you not my singular freind I would never expose ray judgement to 
censure in lo curious a case as this is, yet am I confident I have missed very little 
of the truth t heroin* Hut yo"^ piercinge judgment with experience may correct hem- 
after ad pu not uui, it you l>e art jficially scrutinous, not tlmt herein I complement, 
for 1 urn very fi«>u^il»Ic I have through carelcJisnesa committed a gtm&G error, when 
in retluclng i'' meridian of Loud : to the meridian of Rye, I have added 4' SO"' where 
1 should have substractcd, w"* I never espied till y^ dirrections were framed, and I 
cwirio to erect y^* rovobMiuuall eeheame, so there will arise some difibrence in y*^ ee- 
couds of eacb planet, whereby also y*' dirrections may happily vary a day or more 

^ PaniBssui, 



SAAfUGL JEAKE, SENR., OF RYE. 



73 



I 



from y^ trme hTnitecl in je foUowiiige papcri. But Uyon pleoM to take som^ few 
punctuali ok^n-ations upon some dirrecfcions of y* Asciaud : M-Ctcli, *£C„ I shaU vrih 
hnglj bestowe one boure more (Deo permittentc) to correct jv errore yet remaiumgie 
(tbotlgli thej sra not much materiall) aad proct^l in an Annual] judgemeiat wigicf ad 
amtmm/at^tlffm. Bit, I &m not hereby ambitious to merit ye name of qq artist, I 
am indeed a lover of Art and have beeo a puerth and gladly would be a student 
therein if helpes and tysQe did not faile me. And did I not prcaume on y^ noble 
cntore (whoso ^neroEity ia iuch as will accept what is Eealotialy ofTuricd, though not 
nlwmjv or ever desen ingly ^ceUent) I should never have given bnmth to thia mis- 
shapen birth, but should more willingly intombe it in a comburiuge ume and 
smother it in ita own smoke, then thereby procure displeasure to yo'' wor^*P or any 
TOward to myself but love. My only pequeat is that when you are tryinge the 
truth of j^ ensuinge lines you will n^eot ^ nihil o wbat«ver I have not epoken 
AiHU temindum It^cm^ for explanation of wh** or any things to n>y power how 
ihould I rejoyoe if in any meaBure 1 could ejcpreaiw mysolfe serviceable, and for yo^ 
©v(?r livinge favouti eternally thaakfuU, that in fine I might juatly deaerve the 
tTtleof 

Y^ assured &eind and aervant^ 

SaMUHL JAQtTE." 

Eye, NoTfflnb. 24, 1651. 

He seems to have indulged his taste for lie celestial 
science to a late period of his life. On Jan^ 6, 168-f he 
writes to his son^ — 

*' When yon have leisure write me np y« placet of y» Plancti in I^ng : and Lat * 
for y* 10^ and 11"" daiea of July^ 1047; alao their plat^es for y<? 30**» and SI**- of 
Janoaiy, IG^, likewise for y"? last of Aoguat and first of St^ptcmbcr, 1(JII4, and for 
the 24>^ and 2B^ dates of March, 1G05 and ItiGti, and lor the VZ^ and 131^ dales of 
Becemher, 1667» and for the 2^ and S3^ of August, \m%\ also y« jearH, daies and 
hoorea answering to 1 . degree, and the daies and houres to 1 . ndnuief by Nailiod'a 
Tkhle in Lillie'a Introduction ; and y*' Long : and Lat : of London and Ipswich by 
y« table in Lillie where 1 thinke IpBWich La^ that so I may get y*^ difference oi 
Meriidiana* 

I have subjoined his own Horoscope which accompanies 
a most elaborate treatise by himself: and a. pure specimen of 
the celestial jargon^ dictated by filial reverence. 



xiu. 



74 



A BlOGRAPinCAX SKETCH 0^ 




Thema Natalitliim S& : Jeake, SevilorU. 



IN PATBIS GENESm. 

No P]ftTLGta hew by exattafcioD proud ; 

None by a rest eupina in House bestow'd : 

Byt congTuous Heav'n at bis Birth diipo9ttd, 

T' inapb-it a clear eoul io fleeh enolc«'A 

Tbe mildest Dodecatefraoiie epringa 

In beauteous Orient ; the encircling Ringi 

Of her Ccenilean Lord's Quat4>mion 

By itarry Ee^lus In Triuiiiph Rlione. 

Thai bright Superior's domination fixt 

In HeaveQ*s Culmen ; Geu'rous aipeots miit: 

Eia fiery Partil Trine to actuate 

The Aotive House to a more active fata. 

Nor was it vain ; the happy site of thia 

ethereal Euler of the Geuesift, 

A judgment firmly fonn'd ; whose A^jutantj 

Mnemonic powYt did by Celestial grant 

Of Saturn's ieminat^d Beams ensue, 

In Platique Synod with proportion due— 

Afl when the skilfal artist to compose 

Hia mighty Theriaque, weighs y* Critiok doift. 

Of Theban opium ; which with Virtue full 

Quickens that Brain, its least excess would duU, 

The wit'fl Dictator from the brighter scale 

8uit« his harmonious Triue^ whose rays may &11 



SAMUEL JEAKE, SENK., OF RVE, 75 

On th' Kftdtem Point i whilst the Hesperian fooe^ 
Eesplcttdent Venua, doth tJie ninth House griuje, 

U. J. AutaoRis Fiuus, 
De<s : ir. 1685. 

Alchemy, another prevalent fancy of his times, seems aba 
to have engaged a share of his studies and pursuits ; and it 
was probably in allusion to the Universal Elixir that he 
thuB writes to his son, Dec^ 31^ 1685: ^^Spero te Magistf^m 
secreti magni Philosophorum facero ante moriorJ^ I find 
in a list of his MSS,, '' Papers about the Elixir/' 4*". And 
thus, in the pursuit of phantoms^ he appears to have solaced 
the weary hours of his exile. Philosophy was dreaming 
then ; the night had not yet fled, but the light was breaking. 

If a nian*s library be any proof of bis literary tastes, we 
have the means of forming an opinion as to what were those 
of Jeake, from the ^^ Register" lie has left of his ** Books, 
Pamphlets, and Manuscripts." It is drawn up with great 
clearness, and gives the cost price of each article. It com- 
prises works in fifteen languages ; and most of the celebra- 
ted authors of that age are represented, with tlie exception of 
Shakespeare, Milton, John Bunyan, and — Butler. There is 
of course a copious sprinkling of Puritanism and controver- 
sial Theology; a large number of various editions of the 
Bible and Testament in Hebrew, Greek, Latin, French, and 
Italian; and a list of Almanacks by sixty-two different 
hands, issued from 1605 to 1689.^^ The total number of 
volumes is 949; of pamphlets 163, besides fragments and 
MSS. The total value £145 5s, lid* ; a sum which very inade- 
quately represents its worth according to present estimation* 
Some of the pamphlets are still preserved with his papers 
and letters, but the books have been dispersed. Jeake pub- 
lished no work during his lifetime, but he was an indus- 
trious writer, and two of his original works were given to the 
world after his death. I find the following memorandum by 
his son V — 

*^ Works written by my father — 

** Logisticelogia, or Arithmetic," folio, 

** Chronological Speculum,'* unfinished, folio. 

" Charters of y* 5 Ports, with Annotations/' folio. 

** Letters and Answers," folio, &c. &c. 

^ Thi* lilt is giTen in Note* ftnd QueriM, 2 0» V. iS4 
L 2 



76 



A BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF 



The former is thus entitled ; — '' Logisticelogia, or Arith- 
metic Surveighed and Reviewed: In four Books^ &c*, by 
Samuel Jeake, Senior, Loudon, Priuted by J, R, and J. D,, 
for Walter Kettilby, at the Bishop*s-Head, in St, Paul's 
Church- Yard^ and Bichard Mount, on Tower- Hill, near the 
Postern, MDCXCVi/' Folio, 664 pages. Dedicated by S, J*, 
Jun'. to Sir Robert Southwell, K*"*, President of the Royal 
Society ; the Dedication is followed by his Father's Horoscope, 
and the lines previously given- The work is prefaced by 
^* the Author's Epistle to his well-beloved sou^ Samuel 
Jeake." In this quaint production, he says — 

** Perbapi nmn& may think, it h but to light i candle to the mn, linoe bo miiny 
■Ireftdy have wrote on the subject : m if Mhii dictum qn&d n&ii dytmmpnm. To 
whieb I mtty plead with the I^wj-ers, Ntm modo 4' fmyfui, and put tbe Issue on 
the Countrey to try. True it h most Dew modeU are but the Light Qmt aometime 
flkined in anothere Lamp, with an addition of fresh Oyl out of a new Vessel* 
Fac-iU ^gt imsentu add/rre. But he that is sensible of the charge of buying «Dd 
trouble of turning over many Hooka to leam some one thing, will I dout^t not 
axcuse my further plea herein ^ and plead for me x especial] j if he knew that I speak 
not without Experience, of no little time and trouble to gluin so many Fields for one 
Griat, having pickt up tbe knowledge of Intt^geTij Frartmnit, Fi^irah, Couiekit^ and 
Suf^s principally from Bec^rd, Deeiraals from Johruu^n, AftwnomiralU from Mimt' 
deftUk^ L(Mjarlthmc4 from Briffffs^ Sjfrcm and .^iwthn^ from Ought f^r with a 
conference of many other?. It follows therefore tlmt each mny have his due, what 
ii here may be ae^ompted another^, yet is it all my own, and some things therein so 
15m* my own^ m will be found in none extant that I know of." 

But the most important of his works was the latter — 
" The Charters of the Cinqne Ports/* which was not pnh- 
lished until thirty -eight years after his decease, and was 
afterwards deemed so yaluahle a work, as to he appealed to 
as an authority in the Courts of Law. It is entitled — 
" Charters of the Cinqne Ports, two Ancient Towns, and 
their Jlenibers, Translated into English with Annotations, 
Historical and Critical thereupon. Wherein divers old 
Words are explain'd, and some of their ancient Customs 
and privileges obscrvM* By Samuel Jeake, Sen., of Eye, 
one of the said Ancient Towns, London^ Printed for Ber- 
nard Lin tot, at the Cross- Keys, between the Temple-Gates 
in Fleet Street, 1728." Folio, 190 pages. The advertise- 
ment infoims us that the work was written in 1678, and] 
then had the approval of Lord Chief Justice North, hut was 
ultimately published under the patronage of Lord Chief J 
Baron Gilbert. Both these works are now scarce. 

Enough has been cited to shew that Jeake was a man of 
no ordinary parts — ^multifarious j industrious; exemplary in] 



SAMUEL JEAKE, SENB., OF BVE. 



77 






the domestic relations of life; respected in the discharge of 
hia public duties ; and if any feel inclined to condeiun his 
errors, let the Spirit of the Age be his apologist, and accord 
him at all events the merit of consistency of conduct. His 
conscientiousness cannot be disputed. I shall conclude this 
imperfect sketch with a copy of verses addressed to him by 
one of his tellow-ttjwnsmen, more remarkable for their good 
feeling than for their poetry — ^a*d. 1661. 

** Uj hnmhU service unte thee I wright— 
Most worthy Je&ke, O that I could indite 
But mutter fittinge to set out tliy name 
Aooofdlog: to thj well de»&mng fame. 
Then would I thmk myself bappj to bee 
And oounte it for a areata felicity. 
Happ7 are thej that oft^^n lieare thco preatch 
For thou to them God "a wortle dooat^j tmly teatch ; 
Even as in Sacreci Scripture coated [qaoted] is, 
To ezpotinde to them tliou naught at all dooet znii^ 
Thou aheewest thero the righte pathway to heaven 
Though it be narrowe, croockeil and uneven, 
TKou levelest it, and makesfc so playne a way 
That none but willingly needs go astray e, 
Thou watcheet them with such a careful 1 eye 
That the old Serpents cannot them come nye ; 
Although the Lyon Bon re and woHe do howle, 
They get not woue poora lam© oute of thy fould«^ 
Lyke a good Sht^pard^ thou doofit« k^ep them still 
And dootte defend, and kaepe them from all ilL 
Binoe of Obriii*B flooke thou haite eutch rcgardop 
Bo sure of ChHate that thou flhalt*^ have rewarde, 
Aad sitte with him in hia oteruull hlia. 
Which ha prepared hath for him nrjd his* 
God icnd thee in thi* life heere Nestor *fl dnyea, 
That Uiou roayest do naore good and gaytie more pmysflu 

Vale. 

Ta tiie mmeh honored Your ierrant* to Commande, 

Mr. Samuel Jeake, Wjlliam HiaaoNi. 

Towne Clarke of Bye,*' 

The site of Jeake's House in Eye cannot now be identified. 
In 1673 John Ilolcom addresses a letter ''ffor My veiy 
Loving fi'iend ilr, Jetike, Lining In Kye, neare unto The Sine 
of the Qneos Arms." But this inn is unknown. One 
Michael Cadniao kept it in 1672; and as a person of this 
name was Captain of the Market Ward in 1679, it is pro- 
bable that this inn, as well as Jeake's house, stood somewhere 
in the Market Ward. I have also the authority of Mr. 
Hallo way fur stating that the place of Jeake's sepulture is 
equally unknown* There is no memorial of him in existence 
except the simple record iu the Parish Register of his burial 
—'' 161)0, Oct. 9th, Mr. Samuel Jeake, Senior." 



PEDIGSES OF S. JEAKE, SEN., COMPILED 



JQBV PBIISOir 

Cckik) 



TSlizabxti 
of Men 
bur. at] 



I Slizabxth Ekatchbull T 
Menham Hatch, Kent. 

i Peasmarsh, June 10, 1596. 



Anne >p Henry Jeake, Robert, 

ob. I Freeman of Rye, *' of Acton at 

1639 Baker, b. circ. 1600, Witshamint 
I m. Feb. 11, 1617. EUe of Oxne. 

^ . ______ 

:%JlM IH =* .UiiM Samuel >^ Frances, dr. of 

» »5w »u >:iA> :t«7 b. >to¥.3a.l61S b. Oot9,1623 Thomas & Mary 

oU^pJ^l,l635 bap.0c.13, Hartredge of 

*ViiiMui \<^>« ittki ^ in v^btildbed *' bammewell Pembory^Kent, 
. . i;»*. >!. iW iO, ; Jake," Attor- b. May6,1630, 

ney. Freeman ob.Dec.9,1654, 
of Rye, &o. of small-pox. 

m.Juyl7,1651 Sister to wife 
Ob.0ct3,1690 of Rev. Chr. 
Blackwood. 



^^%?Wt 



Hiii 






- wua Mackl^y. Mar. 2«. 1«74, 
! a^iotkChaiKlt^. l\x>lei StLond. 

• Jauiv* WtgUuuui. Ai4. S« 1675, 
NViucUiUAkxur. " t>v«ri«tfaiust the 
Ni;uiaUNi l*av«)nM in Lombard 

- luvJkAtU bS;^c«Jiy. vrf UdinioTO* 

- ' J^u Ht.<K v.** P^iMiuamh, 1>9C. 



Samuel: 

b. July 

4,1652. 

ob.NoT. 

23, 1699 

Merch« 

ant, 

fiveman 

July 2, 

1690. 



Elizabeth, dr. of ^ 2nd Joseph Tu 



Richard & Bar- 
bara Hartshome, 
of the Qrammar 
School,Rye,b.Oc. 
2, 1667, m. Mar. 
1, 1681, liyingin 
1748. 



r 



Rye, 






M>h b>anob Samuel Barbara » . . 

\Vu<i,U4» bw .Wl. U. ••Counsellor b.May2, 1695. 

U^s<. liW: Jeake." livingatRye 

oN tuty arUcM to b.June3,1697 1748. 
14» 16;^ aIawy1^rin liTinginl746 
Loud.1716. ob. coeIel)P« 
bViwuian, 
Au«. 19, 
1719. 
ob. CMelebs. 



Howard? 



FROM HIS MSS., THE HISTORY OF RYE, &c. 



Elizabeth « Ist Abrm, Goph, of Bye 

b June 10. m. Ap. 16, 1649. 

1626 or 1627 t 

s 2nd Kath. Bonniok 
m. Nov. 11, 1667, obt 
Oct 11, 1670. t 

a> 8d. Chr. Dighton " glaiBer 
in haity ohooke lane, nere 
the Annytage in Wap- 
ping,*' mar. Mar. 20, 1678. 



John 

bapt Ang.2d,1629. 

bur. Aug. 12, 1680. 



Thomas Franoes 

b. June b.Dec.2 1 

28,1658 ob.Deo.8j 
ob.l656 



1654 



Philadelphia < 
b. May 20, 
1707 



; Thomas Frewen, 
of Bye, M.D. of 

Lewes, 
b. 1704. ob. 1791. 
bur.atNorthiam. 



Joseph? 



^Philadelphia 
b.Dec.81,1750. 
ob. 1841 at 
Northiam. 



Edward i 
D.D.Fel. 
low and 
Tutor of 
StJohns 
Camb., 
rector of 
Prating, 
Essex. 



Sally, dr. of 
Bev.Biohd. 
Morton of 
Moreton 

Hall, 
Cheshire. 



John, 
Surgeon 
at Bye. 
(and other 
children 
who died 
young). 



Morton = 

BYewen, 

Esquire, 

of 
Korthiam. 



Sarah, dr. of 
Kev. David 
Jenkin, of 
Dyffrynbum. 



WALDRON 



ITS CHUKCH, ITS MANSIONS, AND ITS MANORS. 



Bt thi rev. JOHN LET, B.D, 




If it were not obvious tTiat in a few years the objects 
greatest interest to the archaeologist within the county will 
have been treated of in the Society's vohunes, this paper would 
never be offered to its notice. But, when the records of places 
of greater note have been collected and published, unless the 
archaeologiBt considei'S his occupation gone, he must conde- 
scend to search the memorials of obscurer corners of the land. 
This was foreseen from the commencement of the Society's 
labours. For it purposed to itself to collect materials for a 
County History ; and this never could be complete without a 
close survey of the Manors and Eesidences of the Gentry of 
olden times, which, though they have long been deserted by 
their owners^ are still occupied by a sturdy tenantry. 

Such has been peculiarly the case with the mansions of 
Waldron. In past times Waldron supplied the county with 
various Sheriffs, and Members to represent it in Parliament. 
Tattered hatchments still hang within the church, and tell of 
departed greatness. Three mansions of wealthy families, 
shorn of much of their original dimensions, remain to testify 
tiiat Waldron has seen better days. Two iron brackets or 
rests still project from the south wall of the church, from 
which at some time have hung the banners of a Sackville, a 
Pelham, or a Heringot, or of some Crusader, whose military 
adventures may have originally given name to the well 
known hostel of the Cross- in^Hand, 




waldbon: its church, its mansions, &iO* 81 

A Hiring parisbioner tells me that he has heard his grand- 
mother talk yf seeing three carriages driven to the church on 

I each Siuiday ; and that such was the state of the roads in her 
day that these family coaches were sometimes drawn by oxen. 
My informant also states that his uncle was the only carrier 
between Waldron and London^ and that he usually conveyed 
his goods by riding oue horse and leading another, on which 
his packages were borne. 

I Of Waldron then, as it has been, I purpose to give such 
records as by the aid of Sir William Burreirs and Mr. Hay- 
ley's MSS. in the British Museum, and by the Rev* Edward 
Turner's and Mr. M. A, Lower's kind assistance, I have been 
able to collect, I must acknowledge also my obligations to 
the contributions of my friend, the Rev, G* M, Cooper, in 
our previous volumes, whose notices of Waldron necessarily 
belong to my subject. 

' The name of the parish has been differently written at 
different times. In Domesday Book it is Waldrene and 
Waldene ; afterwards Walderne and Waldem ; and in modern 
days it is Waldron. Of the derivation of this name I profess 
to give no better account than that offered by Mr. Cooper, in 
a foot note to p. 158, of vol. viii, 

In the Norman survey it is twice mentioned, as follows: — • 

I Edluestone Hundred,* " Ansfrid holds one hide of the 

'Earl in Waldrene, which is assessed at such quantity, 
^Iveva held it of King Edward by allodial tenure* The 
arable is three phmgh lands and a half. There is one plough 
with a villain in the demesne. Twenty shillings have been 
the constant estimate/' 

In Havochesberie Hundred,^ " ^Iveva, a free woman, held 
half a rood land in Waldene, exempt of Land tax, Here 
Osl>ern^ has a villain with five oxen. The value is two 
shillings." 

After the Conquest) Waldron became the property of the 
Earl of Mortain, and its several Manors were held under him 
and his successors in the lordship of Pevensey. 



" " Treo*!. p. 16$. 

' Of Oabem Biid AzLafrid aeo » iidtko in Mr, W< S. Ellla' paper on Lha Earb of Ea«, 



XUI, 



U 



83 



WALDRON: ITS CHURCH, 



But, first, the Church must he noticed, though it is more 
picturesque than beautiful, and more remarkable for its situa- 
tion than its architecture. The best feature of it is the 
tower, which is of the Pelham pattern, low and square, with 
battlements. But it has not the insigue of the Buckle, It 
is of the Perpendicular order, and its west front is very good- 

Besides the tower, the church consists of a chancel, nave, 
and north aisle with a porch. The masoniy ofthe south wall 
of the nave is very rude, and shews it to have been of a very 
early date. It has long been supported by buttresses equally 
unartistic< Two window*^ of the decorated period and of 
flamboyant character have been inserted, and leave no trace 
of tlie original openings. 

The chancel is of the Early English period, as one of the 
original lights, a plain single lancet, still remaining, testifies ; 
and when the walls were lately re-plastered, a jamb of each 
of two similar lancets was found on the east, the centre one 
and part of each of the other two having been cut away 
to insert a window of three lights. The jambs of the 
original window on the south are also preserved beneath the 
plaster. It has been filled up, and at different times a win* 
dow inserted on either side of it. There is in the chancel 
what appears to be the remains of a pillar piscina, and on 
the floor of the church lies a marble slab having five crosses 
rudely carved on it, which induce the suspicion that it was 
the original altar stone. 

The pattern of the present east window is peculiar, and of 
the period of transition into the Pei'pendicnlar style. Sir 
William Burrell informs us, that in it was formerly painted 
a man in armour, kneeling, and under him in old text cha- 
racters was ^vritten — '' Pray for the soul of John Pelham,*' 
This may give a probable date for its insertion. 

The north aisle has been a later addition, and yet it is not 
easy to assign the period of its erection. The east window 
is Perpendicular; those on the north are of much earlier date. 
Indeed there is so much of irregularity and patchwork in its 
construction, that I cannot help hazarding the conjecture, 
that its materials once composed the Chapel of Syhilla de 
Icklesham, hereafter to be mentioned. This is a theory at 
least more credible than the legend mentioned by my friend, 



4 



ITS MANSIONS, AND ITS MANORS. 



83 



I 



I 



the Kev, A. Eussey^ in his Churches of Kent, iS:€*, page 300, 
VIZ,, "that an attempt was made to hnild the church in ' the 
Church field,' at Horeham; but that the stones laid in the 
day-time were, during the night, invariably removed by some 
preternaturul influence to the spot where the church now 
stands.'' A barge-board in front of the porch, though now 
fiist decaying, is of elegant design and deserves to be copied. 
The ancient standards and oak seats have been partially 
preserved- 

The church is dedicated to All Saints, The Rectory of 
Walderne was granted to the monks of St. Pancras in Lewes, 
by Robert de Dene, and Sybill bis wife, for the health of the 
souls of their ancestors, their own, and their suc^-essors, 
with the glebe lands and tithes, and with two parts of the 
tithe of the corn of Chalvington; so that the parson or vicar 
Incumbent of Walderne, was to pay yearly out of all these to 
St Pancras half a mark of silver ; and the Patron was to hold 
the church of Walderne of the Prior so long as he behaved 
liimself well, and lived chastely and religiously. But for 
any offence or ftiult, he was either to be corrected or reproved 
for the same by the judgment of the Prior of Lewes. The 
deed to this purpose was made al)out the time of Henry IL, 
''coram duobos Hundredis apud Handestuph," and is as 
follows t 

*^ Bso Bol)ertTts de Denfi et uxor tnea Sybil la, pro AninmbUB ftntecessonim 
noetninitn ct pro salute nofsiri et auocesgonim nofltrorunt, conoedimua Deo et Sancio 
^UM^fttio LAto^iqucTi^i, Eocle«iam de Waldemi cum terris et dL>cimia, et omDlbua 
«4 euD pertii]<^ntibu«, et oum duobtis partibus decimanim bladomm dc Calvin tonA, 
ita videlicet ut Socerdoa de Waldcm4 de his omnibus solvftt Saocto Paucratio, 
ci&guLU tmuia dimidiam omrcfG argeati, kc.^^ 

By this it would appear that while a certain portion of the 
tithes was paid to the Priory^ the donor retained for himself 
the patronage of the Living. Some years later we find the 
great-gi*eat grand-daughter of Robert and Sybill de Dene ap- 
plying to the Priory for leave to have a chapel of her own 
at her house at Walderne ; which sliows that the Prior had 
a kind of episcopal supervision of the benefice, besides a por- 
tion of the tithes. 

With the consent of the Priory it was agreed between her 
and Richard, Rector of Walderne, that she should have a 
chapel to be served by the said Rector at her own expense, 
M 2 



64 



waldron: its chuhch, 



but without a baptistery or suspended bell ; and that she 

was to attend the mother church four times a year. The 
licence, dated August, 1233, is as follows: — 

" Dl 1ice«t mibi (nempe Sybilliu) ImlHsre Caiwllflm in curia mea d& Walderne meU 
eumpUbuef per pro^dictum capeliftoum ds^crvlendom, sms tamcn Baptisterio ei C«m- 
pAQA pendente/' * 

For a licence in some respects similar in its reservations to 
this, see Hussey's Churches of Kent, Sussex j and Surrey, under 
the head Peoshurst, p, 128. 

This lady was Sybilla de Icklesham, of whose family we 
learn something from the following extracts: 

In 11th Hen. IIL (1227) Sybilla, daughter and heiress of 
Ealph de Icklesham, came into the Exchequer and prayed 
for justice against her grandmother and uncle. Her case is 
thus stated — Sybilla^ daughter and heiress of Ralph de Ickle- 
sham, and wife of Nicolas Ilaringot, complains that Sybilla de 
Dene^ wife of Richard de la Cumbe and mother of Ralph de 
Icklesham, her own father, permits Robert de Dene, brother 
of the said Ralph, to receive homages which belong to her, 
in disherison of her, the complainant, and she prays justice 
may be done in her case.^ 

In Collins* Peerage, we find also that Jordan de Sackville 
married Ela, co-heiress of Ralph deDene, and had with her a 
hide of land in Walderne, with the church of the said ViU, 
From these notices I collect the following pedigree : 

Ralph de Dente 



Eiehd. de lii=S7bina=^Bobert do Icklesham 
Cumbe ; 
2ml RmbU, 



, de lii=S7bina=f=I 
3; qy. do Dene. 
luabd I 



Helft cle De!ie.=j=Jopdaii do 
I SackvUlo. 



Balph de loklesham. Robert de Dene. 

Syhilla do lckloBliam=NicolflB Harengod. 

This Nicolas Harengod, and his wife Sybilla, are frequently 
mentioned in the Battle Abbey Charters, to which honse they 
were considerable benefactors, lie is there called, sometimes 
" Lord of the Manor of Icklesham,'^ at other times ** Lord of 
the Manor of Battle," 

If we may presume that the patronagcof the church, which 

* Se« vol. n, p, 17. Ee^ster fgL 74. * Hot. I, G. 



ITS UANSIOKS, AND ITS MAKOBS. 



85 



I 



I 

■ 

I 



was reserved by Robert de Dene, was that which passed to 
Jordan de Sackville with his wife^ Hela de Dene, still the 
question arises, where wtis Sybilla's mansion? This must 
be discussed hereafter, that we may pursue the history of 
the church and its rectors. 

The following deed is among the Cotton MSS. Vespasian 
r,xv. Carta 43: 

OkHa q^iilit&r Joh : cornea Warrona : dedit licentlam, nt Epfsoopm Ciccatr : et 
Prior et Gonveotus de Lewea de uovo face re poaaint unam pntl>endaia de eccletiiifl 
W&Idenae et Honted Keyu^, 20 Edw, lU., fol 35, Soo Dugdaie's Mon.j V, 7, 
EOte d* Ed, tilt. 

In this Vol, (F, xv), Charters at fjL 73, 73^ 74, 74', also 
refer to Walderne Church, 

The Rectory continued to belong to the Priory of Lewes 
till its dissolution^ when it was given by the King to Lord 
Cromwell- On his attainder, it retuiiied to the Sackville 
family, who presented to it so lately as 1784* 

The appropriation to Lewes Priory was £13 Qs. Od. 

Pope Nicholas' Taxation has " Ecclesia de Walderne xvi. 
mrs," (£10 13s. 4d), From the Inquisitiones Nonarum, 
taken fifty years later, I make the following extract, because 
it gives an authentic account of tlie pastoral state of the 
parish, and I shaU have to allude to it again. 

**0u ati inqaisitloti taken at Tjewei, I Edw. in. Boljcrt de CInreregge, William 
Horom, Williflm Alcerst, and William Cobford,* say^ on their oath, thiit the Church 
0f W^Aldron L9 taxed at £10 13i. 4d, ; afid that the niDth of the fihe&veft, of 
wool, and of lamba^ is not worth mora, for that the Hector hath Uir^ meadows of 
the paature, whicii are worth 4t)fl. per ann. They say also that he hath the ffruall 
tiUlea and offering9j wbii;h are worth £5, They &Uo aay that there are not any 
traderi (mereatores) m the pariab, except those who live hj agriculture and thi^ir 
«heep/'^ 

In the Yalor Ecclesiasticus are the following entries having 
reference to Walclron : — 

•* Fol 327. Prioratoa da Lewea. Peniio ©ccleiiro^ ibidem per anminij iiy*," 

This payment continued to the present incumbency in the 
form of a Fee- Farm Rent 

Fol, S40. Wiirmus Hoo, cleHeus, rector ibidem valet clar& per Bnmim,cum omnibus 
ffoAouijB et eommoditatibiij!, in teour^ Joaunis Dyae, et reddit iode per annum^ 
M^M. iijji. rjef. X* inde xxvjt. yd. ob. 

These sums represent the first fruits and tenths paid to 
this day to the fund known as Queen Anne's Bounty. 

* HoTeham, Alelntfst^ and CobfoEd ftra three a4Jomingestat«B, which now pass under 
*^ itmma of the first. 
^ ^ooanua Int}., fol. S93. 



86 



WALBBOK: ITS CHObCB, 



Far the following list of sectors I an 
W- H. Freeland, Esq., M.P,, of Chichester : — 



ainly indebted to 



DAT! OW 


isrcrvaKrfB. 1 ttoir tacut- 


rAT&oss. 


i4S4 Jm^ m 

i1£04 Jnne II 
1&S5 Mar. 27 
1642 

1556 Apr, 33 

im4 Msreb 14 
1617 At*g<'6 

1670 Feb^ 1t 

17117 KoTT 6 

1729 NoT^, 10 

1742 Kmj 6 
1767 F<sl^- 6 
1784 Octr- 16 
1B21 JToT^- 7 

1850 Jtily 4 


BolMft WlBaiiflkbT 
MAtklifiw BnaSntk 

wiiiiuzL urn, s.c^ 

Boberl WmakTwIw 

Gtlett Bajtjr* 

WkOiam Hoo or Howe 

JolmFkilier 
Joim Atibefton. A.M. 

Jmmea Tomiwett 
BicbapJ Melbome, slt.p. 

Jobti WillaPd, A.JL 
Egbert D»mHle, a.M. 
E»eki*.l Chmrk 
John TmtlewaU, A*M. 

jAfliet HAfyrmTOi, iT.P. 

TbcrmM Jmmes, ]i«a^ 
WilUam Dd^i^ A^ 
Henry Poole, LL.1* 
TliomaA fiAjnea, a.b. 

Jolio Ley, B-d* 


d. MAlt«.Bi«9drat^ 

d. Gikii Biuiyt 

dep. Bosli H*r^ 
res. Jolm naahtr 

T«i;"Eikdfbc»TO 
cc^ Joho WiUid '" 
d_lieHelChArk 
d. Jolm TtfttenaO 

d. Rich^ Hdfould 

d. Jwmes HArgraTM 
d. TbomAe Jaidm 
d, Willmm Delre« 

t Poole. Baf*^ 
d, TbomA» Hayn^ 


rhic Prior &iid Coo- 
)v«nteirtli«]faiiM. 
; ieryofSLPwuTME, 

TbeiijiiV 
TWiuMw 

f Lionel Cifanfieldj 

' E*rl of Dorset And 

(MiddlcBoi. 

f Lionel Cranfield, 

" Saekrille, Duke of 

J Lionel. Ihike oT 
iDotwU 

f Uonel Ctxn£eld, 
i Duke of DoPitt. 
C John Frederick, 
iDnkeof Dorrot, 
me fio*<L K4wmM 
i Robert RAjnea. 
(The Rector and 
Sdiok» 0t Eieler 
tCoa Oxford, 



Of these incumbents Ezekiel Chark was a grandson of tlie 
Judicious Hooker. Walton, in his life of this eminent Eng- 
lish divine, says that Margaret, his youngest daughter, waa 
'* married unto Ezekiel Chark, B*D, and Rector of St. NichoIaSi 
Harbledown, near Canterbury, whose son Ezekiel is now 
living, and in sacred orders, being at this timei'ector of Wal- 
dron in Sussex/' 

An old man told me that in his youth he " could read on 
the tomb on the south side of the church, the name of Ezekiel 
Chark, minister uf this parish." The words were almost ob- 

• See rol. m aso, 



ITS MANSIONS, AXD ITS SIANORS. 



87 



» 
» 



liters ted, but by this clue I could easily trace EZEKIEL 
CIIAj and I have had the name engraved afresh. 

It was this rector or his successor who held a disputation 
with Mr. Matthew Caffin, to the conviction of Mrs. Fuller, as 
mentioned by Mr. M. A, Lower in voL ix. p, 34< 

To this account of the church I must append some extracts 
from the wills of former parishioners, which are extant in the 
Probate Office at Lewes, and to which my attention has been 
called by Mr- M. A. Lower, 

lot7» 12 Nov, Isatjell Woodman ^ widow. 

I bequeth to the light of the herae within (ho church of WoldroD iijj''; 
IW2. 6 Jwi, J^hn BodiU, 

I gyre amd bequeth to an boncat priwtj to preeehe iy «araronB wUhia 
the pariah ohurcheof Waldron, oforesatd, iij Sondayes next and immediataly after my 
decease. Hew Harris^ clerke, pargoE of Watdron, witnesa. 

Sermons were then rare. 

In Dei nomitie Amen. Anno Dotnim 3543. 
4 Jan. I, William Mos^, of the pariehe of WaldroOt paHahe clerk e^ liolc of mind 
»nd fleke of body, thanks be unto Almyghti God, do make and orden, tJiis my 
present testament and last will in maner and forme foloyng^ that ia to say — ^rat, I 
gjT« and beqneth my soule unto Almyj^hti God, my maker and r^tfrnerf to our 
ble«86d lady St Mary, and to all the C)i'Ieatya]I company of bevyn, aod my body to bo 
bury^ in the chtirchyerd, bcayde my ij will's, or ela where it dhall pli^^e God that 
my aowle shall departs out of this present world. Item, I gyve and bequeth unto the 
hyo aUter of Waldron, for my tythes neglipntly forgotten or withholden viij^*. Item, 
I gjv« and beqoeth unto the hje beme vj*'. 

There being no rood-loft in TlTaldron church, the rood was 
probably placed on the transTerse beam, which takes the 
place of the chancel arch ; and this bequest waa probably in- 
tended to supply a beam light. 

1542. 22 Jan* Thomas Hasok of W^aldren. I gyflT and beqneth towards the re- 
parationa of the chute h of Waldren aforesaid vK 

ir>44. S Jan, Richard Browne of Waldron* I gyve and beqneth towardfl the 
makyng of the great bell vi* viij*^. 

1.H5. 17 Dec. Thomas Bod ell, Itijm, To the bye altar for my tythea and ob- 
laoiona negligently forgotten and withboldeuT iUj**. Item, 1 beqnetb to be distributed 
at my hnriaU by my eiora, to priewts, darks, nod poore people xx^*,— at my moneth*B 
day xif. Item, I wdl to the chnrch of Waldron vi^ viij*^* if other men dobryng their 

A considerable part of the parish of Waldron is in the 
manor of Laugh ton, which has been the property of the noble 
house of Pelham more than four centuries; and a portion of 
it in the manor of Chiddingly, ivhich belongs to Lady Am- 
herst, the elder of tlie two female repre>sentatives of the 
Sackville family. Besides these there are within the parish 
the manors of Foxhunt, Herindales, Possingworthj and Isen- 



88 



WALDHOS: ITS CHURCH, 



4 



hurst^ or parte of them ; and old deeds mention the now ct* 
tinct manors of Tanners and Iloreham* 

In times soon after the Conquest^ Waldron was little more I 
than a forest country, in which the lords of the sinTounding 
estates had the privilege of hunting and feeding cattle — 
rights originally granted by the owners of Pevensey Castle,! 
as lords in chief of the Rape v^hich bears that name* Hence 
in the courts of our earlier kings, suitoi's claimed free warren 
in the woods of Waldron, and pasturage for their hogs. The 
name of *' WaMerne," if Mr, Cooper's derivation of it be cor- 
rect, and the appellation of *' Foxhimt," bear witness to this 
uncultivated state of the countiy.^ 

So lately as 1842, when the tithes of the parish were com 
muted, one-third of it (or 2,000 out of 6,000 acres) wiis de* 
Glared tithe free, as being woodland, or as yet imculti- 
vated. ^M 

In the reign of Edward IIL the manor of Langhton be- ^M 
longed to Giles Badlesmere, who had also the wood called 
'* Waldeme,'* which was excepted out of that manor. On 
his death the manor descended to his sister Maud, wife of 
John de Vere, Earl of Oxford ; and " Waldeme Wood" be- 
came the property of Margery, wife of Lord Eos of Ham- 
lake.^^ 

A wood of about seven acres in extent, and part of the 
manor of Chiddingly^ is still known by the name of Waldron 
Wood, and is probably part at least of the wood in ques- 
tion. 

How the manor of Laugh ton passed into the hands of the 
Pel hams may be seen in vol. x* p. 212* 

Of the manors of Waldron, that of Foxhitnt, which of late 

has given its name to a farm originally called " The Scrip," was 
in 1327 the property of Ralph de Camoys, K'. Adjoining to | 
this farm are the " East and West Darn" estates, which belonged 
to the Abbey of Robertabridge; and hence the action brought 
by the Abbot against this Ralph at the Castle of Pevensey, 
spoken of by Mr. Cooper (voL viii. p* 158), and the decree 
that the Abbot should hold his messuage and land by 

• Bm Vol. 17. pp. 4IQ and S3, 
'^ Horafi«ld*a BuBseij yoL I, p^ S&9, note IW>m Hajley'B M8S. m tL« Britiiii Htueutu* 



ITS MANSIONS, AND ITS MAKORS. 



89 



^ 



I 



feoflfment and suit of the same Ralph at the court of Fox- 
hunt/' 

It afterwards became the property of Sir George Brown, of 
Beechworth Castle, in Surrey, who in 2 Ric. Ill, (1485) was 
deprived of it for assisting the Duke of Buckingham in his 
opposition to this king; and it was then granted to John 
Duke of Norfolk, to hold by the same service, by which it had 
been held, before it came to the crown. 

In 32 lien. VIII, this manor was owned by Thomas 
Threele, who in 1553 settled it on the marriage of his son 
Thomas with Dorothy, eldest daughter of John Apsley of 
Thakebam- In this family it continued for four generations, 
until 36 Eliz,, when Richard Threele, who describes himself 
as of Loxwood, in the parish of Wisboro' Green, *^ sold it 
with divers tkrms and lands to Thomas Pellmm, Esq., for 
£780. 

From the last date till 1775, Foxhunt belonged to some 
member of the house of Pelhara, when Frances and Mary, co- 
heiresses of Rt. Hon, Henry Pelham, sold it to Josiah Smith, 
Esq,, of Lewes. 

Both the manor and the estate of Foxhunt now belong to 
William Gilliat, Esq,, of Barham, in East Hothly, 

The manor of Herindales (as it is now called) was 
originally the *' manor of Waldeme," and took its later 
designation from the family of Heringaud, who once possessed 
and had a residence on it, and whose seal on green wax 
is affixed to a Battle Abbey Deed, of the date of 1273. The 
name of this manor has been variously spelt, Haringhales, 
Haringdales, Herringhales, Haryngales, and Haringards, 
But there can be no doubt of its identity with the ancient 
manor of Walderne, or of its deriving its name from Herin- 

i» The rain I ' ' it© to tlie Abbey at the date of th« dbtolution, u thun atatod in 

tlB& Valor Eo 

"Firmaotr' - htuu ibfdem vocataxTun D^roe in teutjiri Eicardi AmjltoQ, 

Be4ditufl indii^ p*?r inm., £ iij. 

** Pmfictm prorenientia dopreci<> decern (|imrter!ort&n framtinti et deoem ^^xtartBtiQnmi 
curdpi muiimimi noliita per EdWiiriJum H nlfn _v% eBtimaiitQf nd c"." 

** The Threelea wer« an Lunu'tit t.tTnily n' ,3<litig in \\'irtlKirough Green. JotmTbreolo 
WMmAnUitl to the honaohtjld of Willi j^ixi Karl cit^irnndtd. He died in 1^165, £ind vfti/t^ 
btnted in the colbgiato ahapel of AnindeL Ovorhis grftve is a hiripc* elah ofSassest mar- 
ble} inlaid wiib brasa, on vrhicb ia hi» figure m ftrmotur under a noh canopy, with hit 
tirmSf and aronnd the stoae m loog but imperfect inAcription in Gothic letters. His aoii 
Joha was m the eommiiiiilQii of Qyer aod Te^nuiner fo^ qoabqi, 1453* 
XUI, N 



wixPBcni; ITS cbxjbcb^ 



gaod, or Hftreo^pd, its earl j posMnor* Thex wtos w&% " 
az : seoiee of cixsb cioKlelSt iir kerrmgg in pde, or. 

We bsTie alreadj seoi lluit SfbiDft de D»e« wife of 
Kidiolis Henngaed, in 1237, obtained kare of the Pnor of 
JjefweB^ to boild a chapel in her court i^ Waldenie; and the 
site of Ihb court appms to me to be deari j idditified b^ 
the almost perfect remains of a large moat on the Henji' 
daks estate, at a short distance to the west of Waldioii 
Clnntb. Tbb moat is circulair^ and its diameter about 150 
feet. There are also the remains of other defences or em^ 
bankments round about it. All bnlMings bare disappeared 
from h, and it is now coTered with wmd — a circumstance 
which has preserved it from the leTelling of the ploiigfashare. 
Within or near this no doubt stood Srbilla's Chapel, and 
its proximity to the Glebe House explains the proposal, that 
the Rector of Waldeme should also be priest of this lady's 
ChapeL 

It is probable that Herindales had been the property of 
Eobert de Dene, who gave the Church of Waldeme to the 
Priory of St. Pancras, and a hide of land within the parish 
to Jordan de Sackrille, with Ilela his wife^ and that it was 
part, at least^ of the dowry of Sibylla de leklesham, on her 
marriage with Nicholas Harengod* 

How long the Heringauds continued to reside in Waldron 
is uncertain. We find notices of Ralph Harengaud and 
Lawrence, his son. Circa 1270 we have Wm. Harengod 
(Dering MSS). There is a bond in the register of Battle 
Abbey, dated 19 Edw; L, obliging Robertus de Sevanz and 
Bobertus de Burghers to stock the manor of Waldron for 
Sir W. Heringaud, which makes him appear as an absent 
landlord. He and his wife Margery are subsequently men* 
tioned (p, 92). In 1302 Sir John Harengaud is named 
(Batt- Abbey records)^ and subsequently (1346-50) his son. 
Sir Thomas, and Elizabeth, his wife (Dering MSS)- Some 
years later we find a member of the same family purchasing 
the manor of Possingworth* But at that time Horiodales 
had passed to another owner, 
^ In 12 Edw: IL (1319) Nicholas de la Beche, (a name fre- 
quently mentioned in the Battle Abbey Charters, both as 
benefactors to that Monastery and as witnesses to the bene- 



ITS MANSIONS, AND ITS MANORS. 



91 



» 



^ 



factions of otliers^ Init without mentioning their place of resi- 
denee,) obtained a charter of free warren for this and the manor 
of Chiddingly, which also belonged to him. He was Governor of 
tie Castle of Fleshy, In Essex, in 1322, and Constable of the 
Tower of London in 9 Edw. IIL *'He left no issue, nor any 
heir that we can find/' says Sir William Burrell ; " therefore 
we suppose that he sold or gave this manor by will to Sir 
Thomas Poynings, Lord Poynings, who died possessed of it 
49 Edw. IIL*' From Thomas de Poynings it passed to his 
brother Richard, who 2 Ric, IL 1378, "die quo obiit, tenuit 
manerium dc Waldeme de Duce Lancastr; ut de honore de 
Aquila per servitium mill tare/* By his will, this Richard Lord 
Poynings, directs one of the advowsons of his churches to be 
sold, and the purchase money to be expended in masses and 
trentals for the souls of his relatives and friends; and among 
them for those of Sir Thomas Heringaute, and two others 
whom he calls his *' benefactors." He was probably the 
Thomas, son and heir of Sir John Ileringaud, mentioned 
in the account of Possingwoi^tlK Richard was succeeded 
by Robert Poynings, and he again by his daughter and 
heir^ Eleanor, Countess of Northumberland, who j>ossessed 
''Waldern alias Ilaringauds," In 1536, the Earl of Nor- 
thumberland sold it under the name of Poynings for the 
use of the Crown; and Dec. 24th, 1538, it was granted 
to Sir Anthony Browne, 1st Viscount Montague ^^ with 
the rest of the Poynings estates* Viscount Montague sold 
to John Fawkenor, yeoman, for £500 "all that manor of 
Harringdale in Walderne, Heathlield and East Hothly," 
which is afterwards described as "The manor of Waldmn, 
alias Haryngales," and is said to consist of "two mes- 
suages, two gardens, and 450 acres of land," Within 
ten years it was again sold to J, Middleton, of Beaubush, 
in Upper Beeding, gent., wlien this further description 
occurs: — ^^ The manor of Waldron and all lands thereto 
belonging; also all that principal messuage called Pithouse 
in Waldron, and all the lands thereto belonging, by esti- 
mation 300 acres ; also all those lands called Court," 

" Com-twood " is still known by that name ; but of Fit- 

" The deed ofeTclmiig^ BJid ]«tt«TE patent are giveti &t iQiigtk in tkut BofreU MB Sit 
Uwci iUpe, foL m> d&ted 30 KUt t June 20. 

N 2 



n 



WALBRON: ITS CHUECH, 



house I can learn nothing. It may he that at this time a 
house still stood in the moat already spoken of, and that the 
Manor of Waldron and the Herlndales estate were separate 
prc>i>erties, though held together ; for at present they belong 
to different proprietors* In this case " Pithouse ** may mean 
" the Moat"-house. But the present farm-house, though it 
bears the marks of some antiquity — especially by a fine stack 
of fluted chimneys^ — from its elevated position, could not weU 
be called Pithouse. 

After another 20 years (Nov, 30, 1619) all that manor 
of Waldron or Harringdales was sold for £1300 to Eichard 
Fuller, who was not connected with the Fullers, afterwards 
to Tanners. In 1628 the Manor and Court were alienated 
of Rd, Stone, gent, J* Baker, and others, for £1400; and 
10 Nov., 1630, a license was granted to alienate the manor 
of Waldron, alias Heringdales, with one messuage, two barns, 
a garden, 250 acres, and 50s. rent, to Sir T- Pelham, in 
whose family it was vested until 1773, when Frances and 
Mary, co-heiresses of the Kt, Honble. H. Pelham, sold it to 
Josiah Smith, Esq.^ of Lewes, 

The earliest mention of Possingworth known by me I 
copy from vol viii. p- 162 : — 

Bj deeds preser^'ad in Pensburat Hmiae, it nppeara that the mfinop was conveyed bf 
JohHf son of Lawrence de PtMayngewerse," tbo last owner of the property named 
after the estate^ to Sir William Harcni^ud an*^ Margery Mb wife, by whmn il waa 
Afttsnvarda given to their dauglitei- Mat-Kery and her beira. In 1333, Margery qon- 
Teyed it to Wm. Stannymlen, of Laml>erhurHt, and Ro^r Lakct, of Blecbynton, near 
BoObrd; which canveyance was eonrirmcfi by Thomas, (*on and lioir of Sir John 
Harengaud. In 13*S4, Htannynden Burpendorcfl to Liiket all hie right and title t« the 
egtat<5^ which was held in eapito of the Priory of Lewes, and he* io Vd*M\ a^sijifniHl it 
to the Abbey of Robertah ridge, with the snnction of Peter de Joceaux, Prior* and in 
consideration of an annual payment of 10<L" together with a rent of iv* shilling and 
V. penco fiirthingt wbich John de Mary bam paid for another tenement in Waldroa 
called '*Atte- Watered' '* 

Of the value of the manor we have an account the reverse 
of what was to be expected. In 1417 a quarter's rent was 
IGs, 8d.^ while in the Valor Ecclesiasticus the yearly reserved 
rent is only £2. 

" In her will deposits? d in the registry at Lcweit^ dat<?d 1527, Ii>abel Woodman in(*n- 
tions a soD-in-law, Richard Adams and his wife Anne, the daughter of Thomas Poa- 
iiynwoHh. 

^* See vol 2 iii., p, 500. In 13B5 Wm, de SUnnyndon and Jiogt^r Laiet hadjpTen 
a mi'Sftuiign and one camcat*^ of hind Ih Waldron Ut Rt^hertsbrid^p rrioTy» Hot. Fat, 

" This tenement of Attt'-Watcre cannot now he cerininly idfntitied, Bnt a teuem^nt 
lately tttood near the foot of Possingworth lulL which vum known bj iL<^ luunc of 
"Wttt«rlwid» 



4 



ITS BtANSlOKS, AKD ITS IHANORS. 



93 



Among the Battle Abbey Charters, in the possession of 
Sir Thomas Phillipps, is one shewing that Thomas, Abbot of 
the Monjistery of St. Mary the Virgin, of Robertsbridge^ and 
the Convent of the same, leased for fourscore years, from 
Nov. 23rd, 1528, to William Palmer^ of the parish of Fram- 
fylde, in Sussex, yeoman, ^'one of the King's Guard," all 
their manor and lordship called Posyngworth, within the 
parish of Waldome, in the same county, subject to certain 
reserrations, and to a yearly rent of £10, There was a 
coTenant in this lease, binding Palmer to erect a dwelling- 
house on the manor. '^ 

Until its dissolution in 1535, the Abbey retained posses- 
sion of Possingworth. In 31 Henry VIIL (1541), the King 
by letters patent granted it to William Sidney, Kt., and 
Agnes his wife, in fee, subject to the same annual rent. 
In 27 Eliz. (1585), Sir H. Sidney, K.G., sold to Judith, 
widow of Sir J. Pelham, for £600, *^ all that manor of Pos- 
singworth with its appurtenances/' 

How and when the property passed from the Pelhams to 
the Offleys, I have no evidence; but it was before 1635, 
when the baptbm of Elizabeth Offley is recorded in the 
parish register. 

The OSleys were connected with the city of London, and 
one of the family honourably discharged the office of Lord 
Mayor, as the tbllowing extract shows : — 

** 1GC(5, The xxviy day of October tlie new tnnjTe tokc j-s oyihe, Btid so whent hf 
wftter to Westni]rtiBt«r [with] tTUTOi>et« and thij whet Us [waitii] rj'ulle [royally] aod 
ftgoleot [pinDnce] deckyd with Btremam and gonnes and drxniiea [gun« and *lruTR*s] 
[llie newj mayro muster Holleteyt marchand toyller. ftiid marchaTid of the staptill of 
Qi^tea^ intl Uic ij Freoclinocn tii cremeaun vekett iti-brodored with gotd an die brod ; 
and iiij** [poor liachelora] aud they dyd gyff iiJj'^* blue gawnes, cope» dolmletr and 
ho«c to the iijj*^ poure mi^ii } and there wafi a godly pageant [ and the trumpcta had 
^artet to^w*, atid tht? wbetw," " 

** The 8th day of February Master Oflley. the lord mayor, and divera aIdermeD» 
Ukitig their bnrg*» went to Qreenwiah to the Qiie«n'a grace, and ther she mad jm 
[knight,, he] bebyng raayre. ** 

Of this "worthy/' Fuller records that — 

** 'Hie tineful cnatom of the niffht l>ell-ni(5n (prevent in j? Urea and more feloaiea) 
h^gan In his raayomlty. He was the Zni-chii^u-* of London, not for his low stature, 
but hi« hrgli charity^ bequeathing the half of his estate (computed by a reverend 
Divine to amount to £5000) unto the |>oor." 

" Thorpe** Battle Abbey Chftrtera and Deeda, p. 139* 
^ Dvfry of Henry Machju, Camden BodetJ, p. 117* 
" Ibid, p. 125 



94 



WALBRO!?: ITS CHimCH, 



After noticing two other citizens of the names of Hngh 
and Robert Offley, Fuller adds : — 

** I belieYe it wai of tlie flrBt of these three OfQeys oti whom tbe rhjine wsamade: 
OtAef three dishea had of daily roat, 
An egge^ ui itpple^ and (the third) ti ioaet, 
** Thi»»" he eontlnuei, ** I behold neither sin nor Bhame in him, feeding himeelf fo \ 
phkln and wholeftome Tejmsi^ Umt lie might feed others hy bia bounty, and therebf 
deserving rather praiie dian a jcor." 

This last remark probably had reference to Stowe^s Hist ! 
of London, in which, besides recording that Sir T, Offley 
" appointed by his testament, the one halfe of al his goods, 
and 200 li, deducted out of the other halfe given to his 
Sonne Henry, to bee given and bestowed in deedes of charity j 
by his executors, according to his confidence and tnust in 
them/' he adds — "he bequeathed the one halfe of all his 
goodes to charitable actions, but the parish receyved little^ 
benefite tliereby*" 

While speaking of ''citizens of credit and renown," I must 
introduce in passing another Lord Mayor of London, men- 
tioned both in Stowe's LondoUj and in Herbert's Livery Com- 



panics, 



vol, i. p, 246, 



Sir William Walderne, son of Geoffery Waldeme of Wal- 
denie, in Sussex, was Sheriff in 1399, and twice Lord Mayor, 
first in 1412 and again in 1422, Besides this I have no* 
thing to record of him^ good or bad, excepting that he 
*' behaved well to the [Brewer's] company, until two or three 
weeks before his retirement from office ; when beginning to 
annoy them, they ' assuaged his displeasure' by presenting 
to him a boar, price 20\ and an ox, price 17*." Ibid, i. 57* 

This Geoffery Walderne was probably descended from 
William de Walderne, w^ho, in 1310, was one of the witnesses 
to a deed of covenant among the Battle Abbey records, by 
which John, son and heir of Hugh de Codynges, grants per* ^ 
mission to the Abbot and convent of Battle to drain thi' 
lands of their manor of Bernchorne through the middle of hii 
foss or dyke, called Meneflete, 

The fij*st Offley who possessed Possing worth was probably 
Humphrey Offley^ Esq., who died in 1643, and whose w^idow 
survived liim fifty -four years. Both were buried in Waldron, 
the latter in 1697. He was succeeded by his son Thomas, 
who was baptised at Waldron SepL, 1636, and who built 



ITS MANSIONS, A2n> ITS MAXOBS. 



95 



k 



^ 
^ 



^ 
^ 



Possingworth House, which bears the mscription T* 0*, 1657. 
He died at Lamberhiirst in 1673, like his father, ut an early 
age, aad left a widow, who survived him 42 years; she having 
lived till 1715. These too were both interred at Waldron. 
She was tlie daughter of Richard Batlmrst, Esq»^ of Fiuchcocks, 
Kent, and had previously married Richard Thomas, Esq., of the 
Middle Temple* A white marble slab on the floor of the 
church commemorates the virtues of a son by her first hus- 
band, who, while a student at Oxford caught the small -pox, 
of which he died in 1677. To the kindness of this lady the 
poor of Waldron owe a benefaction of 50*. per ann,, their 
only charitable bequest. 

Hugh Offley,^ their son and heir, married Catherine, 
daughter of Thomas Lade, of Warbleton^ Both were buried iu 
Waldron church, the former in 1747, the latter in 1739, and 
both at the age of 70. Their only daughter married Stephen 
Fuller, fourth son of Capt John Fuller, of Tanners, Waldron. 
Elizabeth Fuller, their daughter and ultimately heiress, be- 
came the wife of John Apsley, Esq,, of Lewes, and died in 
1751; and their eldest child, subsequently heiress, Cordelia 
Apsley, maiTied James Dairy mple, Esq., the grandfather of 
Mrs. Morgan Treheme. 

IsENUUBST, also the property of Morgan Treheme Esq., is 
a manor, best described by a return of the Jui*ors, on an In- 
quisition taken in 1579, who say^ — 

** That the Borough of Isenhiirat is within th© liberty and Dtjchj" of LtmGB&ter^ 
and the parisheiB of Heathfield, Waldron, and HelJiiigly, and pntoe] of either of tho&e 
pa-mhes, and that Ihons i» no ©hnrch or town witliin this Borough, It honndctb 
first to Waldron Fiimace, to Sktnner*& Brook ; nnd thcuoe to Witchcns KtuLppii, 
thence to Down ley, thence to Dnnstone^i Bridge, thence to lands called Newick^ 
theace to HorcApletor ; lo to the GyJJ that lyetli thro' Bivyiy to Betinett'fl Brook, thenoa 
to the midti of Bowriter, thea to Hale Hall, thence to o croft of Ed, Aeyles and io 
along the fOAt iide of Tanners and Holcate to Burnt Onkea^ af^d eo to tlici lower cor- 
ner 5( lyiuUl ; thenee to Beard Lane's Bridge, tlieoce to Gyli hrid^, so to Synder- 
fbrd itf^un, thence to the further aide of the Innda that Wood House atandeth iQp 
tmd m down Io the hrook that oometh from Waldron Furaajcei and so to the Fur- 
nace where the Jurors began." 

In 53 Hen* III. (12fi9) John de Gatesden and Hawesa, 
his wife, held lands in Waldron (Rot. Pat.), which passed to 
Walter de la Hyde (PlaCi de quo warranto fo, 760)^ who, 
temp. Edw. I,, claimed to have, without charter, iii his 

" One of the dmrch bellfl bean this inscription^*" Mr, HnghOfBey, Samuel Diin%£tt, 
Ciniri4hw&rde»At Ri P* m^e m&'* Ttn^ liv^ b«LU w^rt.* mode a^d, 1732/* 



96 



WALDRON: ITS CmTBCH. 



mnnor of Waldron^ view of frankpledge, and twice ft year 
lansd of l>rertd and ale broken, and it was found ihnt part of 
ktt tenants usrd the hundred court of Tylle (i,e,» l>iU far 
Ilellingly), and part the hundred of Shiplake, 

In 13 Htm. 1\\ Sir Thos, de Burton, Kt., and Joaima hk 
wifts gave by deed U) the Prior and Canons of l^Iichelhaiii, all 
their timement in Isenhurst in Mayfield^ with its prmciptl 
nie^Uftgt\ wockU, mills ^t** After the dissolution of the 
mouifcstm liy lieury Vlll. it became the pi-operty of Kd. 
Sm^kviUe^ from whom it passed to the Bakers of Mayfield (1 
Edwd. VI), 

3 and 4 Ph, and Mary, June 12, On an Inquisition takea 
at Lcwe^ the jury found that Jolm Baker, senr,, died seized 
of tlie uiHm>r of ls(^nhiirst<, and a watermill in the said manor, 
holdeii i>f the king in capite by l-4Uth part of a knight's fee. 

The Bakri^ still held the property 17 Geo. 3, It after- 
wnrdcH belonged U the llev, J. Ktrby, and has lately been 
m\d to Miugan rR^hiTne, Esq, *' Old Mill, in Mayfield," is 
the manor farm. The value of the manor was £2. See 
vol. vi,, p. 140, 



Of the manor of Tannxbs I find no mention until the 12tli 
of Eliz% when a court wuh held by Edw**. Worsley, for Thomas 
Lortl Biickliui'st, Fn>m the survey of the manor at this date 
the following is copied, — 

^^ Juliti I1dw€>11 lioUli ft«ttt|r $0 Mrai Qkllcd SelwirioX ])i»^ by the highway lend* 
iiig fh«m WnKlroa Dovm to wddroo Ohuroht bj siiii of oourt» heriot, relief, rmd rent, 

"Tbomnii Kcnwiml, n mMiUAee ^, enll^ Poc^kreed, tho eune^ end B^* teat 

" WUliftUi ft Woodp ktkds oaUed TowQer*i tt&d WUlafd's, oUm parcel of Solwine't 

•* Jtjbn K Wooii for Towner *e, !•* 8** 

" Ditto for WinardVwish, 1», GK 
" JattHSH Dipjxtry far ia« 2r, Op., l*t 

'' SelwyTi*s Wood" still hears the name of a family that was 
once of some importance in this parish; and on a part of this 
property there remains a moat, within which a " Selwyn'* 
probably once resided. 

The only notice of the family in the parish register is that 
of the burial of Humphrey Selwyn^ Sept. 1st, 1581, 

The Attwoods were also at one time pei^sons of considera- 



ITS MANSIONS, AND ITS MANORS. 



97 



I 



k 

h 



n 
^ 



tlon in the parish, but the family is now decayedj and the 
property has passed into other hands. 

In 1585 Sir P* Sidney died seized of this manor, and left 
it to his wife Elizabeth, who married secondly Roger, Earl of 
Rutland. Its value was £10 3s. Od. Of its extent at this 
time I find no record. 

From 1 603 to 1 6 1 7 it belonged to the Sackville family. At 
this latter date the manor of Tanners, with a part of the es- 
tate on which the honse now stands, was pni^cha&ed of the 
Earl of Dorset by Mr. Samuel Fuller. But the Fuller family 
roust have occupied the premises before this time, for as early 
as 1583 mention is made of John Fuller of Tanners in the 
parish register, as if to distinguish him from another of the 
same name. 

Over the front door of the present mansion is engraved 
SF.^ and Mi*. Hayley appears to have seen IF. on the back 
door, but both inscriptions were without date. Samuel 
Fuller was in possession of the estate tVom 1615 to 1G53- 
The engraving shews the front ns built by him. One wing 
of it was taken down about 60 years since, when other exten- 
sive alterations were made, in order to reduce it to farm- 
house dimensions. 

The pbvce probably derived its name " Tanners" or " Tan- 
house** from a tanyard, of long standing and well known, only 
a short distance from it, and destroyed within living memory. 
It was long the possession of the Mittel family, and was occu* 
pied for some generations by Hammonds, whose name appears 
in the I'egister so early as 1566; and the grandson of the last 
of that family, who lived in Waldron, still occupies the estate. 

The Fuller or Fulwer family were originally from London, 
and an elder branch of them settled at Uckfield,^* They soon 
became possessed of Waldron Furnace, and then began to 
amass the fortune which had resulted, 19 Geo. 2, in the fol- 
lowing description of the manor of Tarmers, copied by Mr. 
Hayley from an original document at Kose Hill — 

"The BiaDor of Taoaer^ conBiatH of 20 mesauages* 1 miJl^ I,CHX> acres of land^ 150 
of meadow, iTiO of pasturej 20O of wood^ 1(K> of naarah, common of past are for aU 
manner of cattle m the parishes of Waldron, Heathfidd, ChiddingJyt I'evoniey, 
HaiUtmm, Hellinglyt Berwick, AlcJetoa^ Selmeaton, Williagdon, aod Brightling." 

At what times, and in what portions, other pai'ts of this 

»* See ToU ^ p. 18w 

xm, 



98 



WMI^DSaSZ IfS frHTECH, 



Mqoired I know not; tat it is ctmotis, ai 
Imtw Ae increase of wealth in a ms^ h&nd dimi- 
tfaemonlisof andHpioprielm in ftparisK to state, 
4at ia alioat 130 jeais Ae Fulkr propsrtj in Wddroa was 
inenssed br 30 diflerent pnrchaaes. 

By Ms miUTiage witli Eliubeth, the daughter of Ftiike 
Bo^ Esq», Mr. Jobs TwDer aeqiiired the property at Bose 
HiQ, in Bri^ttiBgi andt ^^tiig built thaie the present nmn- 
11011^ be 1^ Timffi. Naoe of the faD^y hare since re- 
nded in WiUron^ Ha bouse and estate from that time 
baire been in the oeenpatioti of die hifU j req)a:table family 
€#lhe Boonicks, one of whom, Wm, Bonwyke, became a 
tBnft f€ tbe Sackrille fataily m 2 Edw. TL^'and the burial 
af Wm. Bonik Is recorded m tbe register ISor. 19, 1565. 

Of the Folkfs who ptmftmmA l^anio^ and r^ded th»e| 
Ae IbUowingb a correct ist: — 



Inrifed at WOdna, Jm, 16» 1 




johB FbOtr, Mi^ of 
tbelMoedr ' 

John Fuller, ol Bngbtling, 
JLF. for Soiiex tiie Iwt 

ob. Aog. 401. 174& 






of JazEuiea - oth. 
Feb. 18th, 1T27. 







Abu, the dftoghter of th« HkM of the dbo>TO Mui Ftill«ro, maTried Qeorga 
Q^yttrtiiope, Eflq.j eldest ton of Sir Geof^ Cooithope, of Whill^ in Tloehurs^ 
JCnigbt, fl.iid wa« bomd in the Oftre of Wftldron Cboieh, hav^ died DeoL 16th^ 
U75> aged ^ J»«. 



The Hammonds attained considerable wealth, and built^ in 
1622, a very picturesque house on the Cross Farm, opposite 
the church in Waldron Street. In 1851, being very much 
out of repair, it was greatly altered, one beautiful stack of 
ehimneys out of three alone remaining to shew the taste of the 
architect. 



y 



ITS MANSIONS, AN© ITS MANORS. 



99 



I 



» 

k 




The Taiilt of the Hammonds h in the dot th aisle of the 
church. After leaving WaUlron many of the family were 
brought to it from Lewes to be buried; and in 1766 these 
singular entries were made by the then incensed and aveng* 
ing minister in the register : — *^ Oct 30. Ann Hammond, 
aged 35, witle of Wm. Hammond, of Lewes, Tanner, N*B. — 
There was a vault erected without any consent asVd; but 
having buried the corpse, could demand only 6'. 8^ for break- 
ing the ground, and 2*. for reading the service ; but might 
bury anyone in the same vault." "Dec. 30, Thomas Ifold 
buried in the vault of Tanner Hammond's wife, of Lewe-s, no 
satisfaction having been made for the said vault. (N,B. — 
From the workhouse)/' 

The officiating minister on these occasions was most pro- 
bably the Rev. T. Bennett; for the Rev, Michael Johnson, 
curate, was buried in Jan* of the same year, and a child of 
the Rev. Mr. Thomas Bennett baptized, SepL 5, The rector 
was Dr* Delves, who resided at Frantj of which he was vicar, 
but the handwriting seems to betoken that the memoranda 
were made by the rector himself. 

In the 7th of Edw. L, at a court held at Chichester, Walter 
de la Hyde claimed to have without writings, in his manor of 
Walderne, view of frank pledge^ and assise of beer and 
bread broken twice a year; privileges which his prede- 
cessors had enjoyed beyond living memory* The jury found 
that the said Walter had enjoyed these rights, but that quo 
warranto he, or John of Gat^sdenne before him, held them^ 
they knew not ; but that one part of the tenants in the time 
of the said John paid to the hundred of Tylle, and the other 
to the hundred of Shiplake. 

Now as the only point at which Waldron, which is in Ship- 
lake, touches the hundred of Tylle or Dill, is in the immediate 
Ticinity of Iloreham, it woidd seem that Walter de la Hyde 
was the possessor of that manor. But I have no direct evi- 
dences of the fact. 

Until the reign of Hen- YHL, I find no record of the 

" Tb©liMff of "fnmk pled»»" was {confirmed by partiotilar statutes of Wm.tbe Com* 
^■aeror; and we ha^e one of Henry U., v?Mch saj« — 
" TbKl It ddanl] nut bv lanrfuJ] for juiy [tenun in ft liomtiiitn or town to \f>(\g^ in bb Imiiti mj rtrwnit:^ 
hi WDulid nftt put uniler ptc4ge« Mtovc one nt^bt, unle^m ftinrti st^aIlKI^f I^Bfl a mtsimiible cause to 
iDr til atfty. wIiU.1j lili bat wu obUg^ to il&dxn ii> hi» npitfbltourA ; oail. the mdsi whtn hf (1«- 
pBfte4, WW DQt ho go Qff, bat in Uidi' preeeaue, sad t^ tbiy." littieloa^ WtL ot aexay U, SooJt U,, 
p. 3U9, 

i 



100 



waldron: its cituech, 



manor of Hokeham ; only of the family of that name. In the 
Nonse returns (AJ). 1341)^ William lloram appears among 
the jurors giving evidence as to the value of the rectory of 1 
Waldeme; and in 47 Edw, II L (1373) *' Hawkinrigge de 
Waldryn grants all his estates in Wiildryn to Kobt, Wylugh- 
hy, Rector of the church of Waldryn, and to Robt. son of 1 
Thomas de Horebam. In the following year ''TJ"'"*"'| 
Wyllughby reconveys Waldryn." My authority for tliis is 
Sir Wm* Burrell, who quotes Pelham old deeds, A. No* 9. 
And in 30 Edw, TIL^ William Sewale and Thomas de Horam 
held lands in Walderne of the manor of Laughton, and of the 
honour of the Eagle,^ 

Wliat estates tbese were, and who Hawkinrigue was, I haTe ' 
not been able more precisely to discover. But before 32 Hen- 
VIIL, the Horeham estate had become the property of Thomas 
Walsh, Esq., and had probably belonged before him to Robt* , 
Walsh, his father. 

Thomas Walsh, and Joan his wife had bought in the pre- 1 
vious year Halland, in East Hothly, which in 1557 Goddard 
Walsh, their son, sold to Sir Nicholas Pelham, Horstield 
(vol. I., 358) calls him Goddard Welsh, of Brightling, Esq,, ! 
but as that is a family name among the Walshes, there can 
be little doubt tliat he belonged to the Horeham family. 

On an Inquisition taken at Lewes, May 29th, 1641, the 
jury found that Thomas Walsh (sou of Robert), gent,, died 
Feb. 11th last, leaving Goddard Walsh, his eldest son, heir, 
aged 12 years and 11 months; and that the said Thomas! 
died seized of the manor of Horeham, of 40'. value, in Wal- 
dron, a messuage, garden, 30 acres of pasture, 6 of meadow, \ 
5 of wood, holden of Thos., Earl of Essex, by fealty, and [ 
2s, 6d, rent. Also of a garden called Staunton's, 60 acres of 
land, 20 of meadow, 50 of pasture, and 2 of wood in Wal- 
derne, holden of Wm* Cheyney, gent,, by 6d. rent. Also of J 
16 acres of land, 20 of meadow, 50 of pasture, 6 of wood in 
Walderne, holden of Thomas Threele, Gent., as of his manor 
of Foxhunt by fealty, and 16s, rent. Also of 20 acres of^ 
land, 10 of meadow, 10 of pasture, 6 of wood in Walderni*, 
residue of the said lands, holden of Antliony Brown^ Gent., as 
of the manor of Walderne by fealty, and 6s,'*" 



ITS MAN'SIOXS, AND ITS RUNOBS. 



101 



k 

» 



Goddard Walsh inKe>itod Horclmirij.for in,155P onm ex- 
emplificatioa of recov^iy pf;llle:maiio5 of Hofdmoi a$4"Birche". 
(1060 acres) he appeared by his "attorney as' defendarifr ' ' * ^*- 

Thomas Walsh, the next possessor, was probably his son or 
younger brother; for in 1572 he married Margery Sehvyn of 
Friston, The Waldron register records the baptism and death 
of Goddard Walsh in 1580, the baptism of Beatrice in 1585, 
and the marriage of Joan in 1608, to Jfr. Thomas Dyke* 

The Walsh family were from Worcestershire, where at an 
early period John Walsh married a Wyard, whose arms Miss 
Walsh quartered* She also bore on another quarter a lion 
rampant^ supposed tx} be the coat of Horeham of Horeham ; 
for Collins, in \m EngliBh Baronets, vol. 3, p, 608, says that 
Mr* Dyke married the daughter and heir of Thos. Walsh of 
Horeham, in Sussex, Gent, (by the daughter and heir to 
Horeham of Horeham )• At p. 189 he tell us also that Lewis 
Monnoux^ of Wotton, Esq. (whose burial took place at Wal- 
dron, Dec. 25th, 1616), married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Thomas Walsh, of Walderne. 

She as well as Beatrice may have been a sister of Joan, 
who became the heiress of Horeham on the death of her father 
in 1616. 

The Dykes were originally from Dykesfield, in Cumber- 
land, whence a branch came to Sussex, and another settled at 
Cranbrook, in Kent. 

The mansion of Horeham was built about the time of James 
I,, and probably by Mr- Thomas Dyke. The north front 
still retains most of its original features, but the rest of the 
building has undergoue great changes, having been converted 
into a farm house, A great demolition took place about 60 
years since^ when large foundations of what had probably 
been buildings of a more ancient date were dug up^ and a 
considerable quantity of the materials of the house, then re* 
duced in size, were earned to South bourne, to fit up a cottage 
for Sir John Dyke. The terraces and bowling green of the 
old mansion may still be traced, and one room retains its 
tapestry* A large culvert also, which extends trom the house 
quite across the turnpike road in front, bespeaks it the re- 
mains of a mansion of great extent. 

I have seeu an estimate of the timber standing in and 



102 



WALBHON: ITS CHURCH, 



about the grounds, and rc^adjlo Jell i^l /the yeur 1702, The] 
JK'^ rir^mi^ ^883 |jr4miibe?,:M(i fiinoiig them were — 
5 ^'*'' -'•"*'-• *■' 30'tre^^o^ two tons. 

902 about a toiip 

150 near a ton* 

420 about 30 feet. 

But the park has been given up to the ploughshare, and 
Waldron can boast of no such timber now. 

Of Mr, Thomas Dyke and his wife Joan it is remarkable^ i 
that they both, as well as Abraham, their eldest son, died 
within the space of one year, 1632. The mother died in 
January, aged 46; the tatherin AprO, aged 69; and the son 
in October, aged 24. They were all buried in Waldron 
Church. He was succeeded in 1632 by his third son, who 
became Sir Thomas Dyke, Knight, and married Catherine 
Bramston, daughter of Sir J. Bramston^ of Skreens, Essex, 
Lord Chief Justice of the King's Benckj temp: Cb** I. Sir 
Thomas died Dec. 13th, 1669, aged 51; his wife May 28th, 
1695, aged 76; they arebiu-ied in an ^' alley" of the Church. 
They had twelve children, of whom Thomaa, the second son, 
became the Baronet in 1676, having represented Seaford in 
several Sessions of Parliament.^ In 1687 he was elected 
Knight of the shire, and continued so for one session ; and 
afterwards sat as M,P, for East Grinstead.*^ He married 
Philadelphia Nutt, eldest daughter and co-heir of Sir T. Nutt, 
of Mays, Knight, to whom the church owes its handsome silver 
flagon, which bears the Dyke arms with those of Nutt in a 
lozenge ; with the inscription ; — '"^ Y' gift of y' Lady PhUa- 
delphia Dyke, An*" Dom^ 1708." The alms dish, which was 
doubtless included in the same gift, has only the date 1708. 

The Chalice and Patten have the Dyke and Walsh 
arms, ami this inscription :—" Joanna Dyke relicta Tho; 
Dyke arm: calicem hunc Eccl"^ Waldernensi dedicavit. 
1638." 

Sir Thomas died October 31st, 1706, aged 57 years; 
Dame Philadelphia, his wife, August 22nd, 1720; and are 
also buried in Waldron Clnirch* 

Sir Thomas, the second baronet, by his marriage with 
Anne, relict of John Bluett, Esq., of Holcombe Regis, Devon, 



" 16(50 to 1681, tbrw mamona. 



^ 1688 to 1098, ihiee aeaaions. 



ITS MAKSIONS^ AND ITS ELINORS, 



103 



and datighter and heiress of Percival Hart, Esq*, became pos- 
sessed of Lullingstone Castle, Kent, which he made his resi- 
dence soon after his mother's death, 1720; since which time 
the house at Horeham has been in the occupation of a family 
of the well-known and respected name of Mannington ; Mr. 
Isaac Mannington being its present tenant. 

The parish cc>n tains 6218 acres and its population in 1851 
was 1106, Its gross estimated rental is £3713 2s- 6d,^ and 
its rateable value £3250 12s, 6d- The six parishes of 
Chiddingly, East Hothly, Framfield, Mayfield, Heathfield, 
and Hellingly adjoin it* 

For an account of the ironworks in this parish, in the oc- 
cupation of, and belonging t€, the Fuller family, from which 
they are supposed to have derived much of their wealth ; as 
well as an unsuccessful attempt made by John Fuller, Esq,, 
of Rose Hill, in conjunction with Mr, Francis Newbery, of 
Heathfield Park, in 1801, to turn the lignite coal found on 
the eastern border of the parish, to a profitable account, see 
vol: ii,, pp* 211 and 219. And for a reference to its 
Chalybeate Springs, and other matters connected with its 



history, see vols : vii,, p. 
and 202- 



230, and xii., pp. 175, 188, 189, 




At the present time when every one may freely build when 
and how he pleases^ with whatever materials and in whatever 
form or style which an architect or his own caprice may sug- 
gest, it may seem a strange contrast to refer to the following 
copies of Koyal Licenses permitting the towns, gentry, and 
clergy of Sussex to secure their own dwellings from outward 
violence by ditches and walls. The consideration may make 
us more conscious of the happier state of society^ when no 
such means of defence are required^ and when the unseen but 
universal influence of equal laws has provided for all a far 
more powerful protection than " foss and stone waU/' It is^ 
however, very interesting, both for architecture and the 
genealogy of families, to trace up to a fixed date the foiinda- 
tions of many bnildingSj all of which have survived their 
original purpose, and have now become the admired objects 
of antiquaritm enquiry. 

The Latin copies of the documents in the public records, 

and nearly all the materials of this paper have been most 

kindly furnished by W, DuiTant Cooper^ Esq., and to him I 

am also much indebted for many valuable suggestions relating 

; to them. 

The &st license of the series relating to Sussex is also one 
of the earliest patents preserved in our Record Offices, and 
relates to Sedgewick, near Horsham, on which the Kev. E. 



LICENSES TO FORTIFT TOWNS, ETC., IN SUSSES. 



105 



ofBi 
■ the 1 

mm- 



I 






Turner has contributed much information in Suss: Arch: 
ColJ: ToL viii., p, 31, though he has not noticed the fol- 
lowing documents : 

Sedgewick had been long held under the Lords of the Rape 
of Bramber by the family of Le Savage, without change, until 
the time of Hawisa^ the heiress during the reign of Henry 
In those troubled times John Maunsell, whose name oc- 
in all tlie transactions of his day as an eminent eccle- 
siastic and a wealthy courtier, obtained the following grants 
to fortify *' his bouse of Seggewife," and proba!*ly there was 
no castle on the spot previously. By what arrangement with 
the Savages and Braoses John Maunsell became entitled to 
this privilege does not appear, but it may be remarked that, 
though after the death of Maunsell, W. de Braose claimed 
the land as an eschaet^ a lawsuit ultimately restored it to the 
Savages. During the civil war of the Barons the castle 
changed hands for a time, and was in the custody of Peter 
de Montfort on behalf of the Barons. lu 1268 Hawlsa pro- 
cui-ed for Sedgewick, from the Lords of Bramber, an exemp- 
tion from murage dues, and in 1272 John le Savage and bis 
son Eobert exchanged it for other lands of W. de Braose. 
(viiL 35), 

The situation of this castle, though expressly described as 
in Sussex^ yet not being in a parish of the same name, hut 
lying detached from its distant parish church of Broadwater, 
has led to a perplexity in Parker*s excellent work on Domes- 
tic Architecture, p. 402, where it is placed in the parish of 
Heversham, in Westmorelandj as ^^ it seems more probable 
that the Treasurer of York should have a house there th^a 
in Sussex/* 

"November 4, 1258. — For John MaunselL The king to 
all persons, &c, — Know that by the advice of the Great Men 
(procermn) of our Council, we have granted on behalf of our* 
selves and our heirs to our beloved and faithful John Maun^ 
3sellf Treasurer of York, that he may strengthen (firmare) his 
" onse of Seggewik, in the County of Sussex, with fosses and 
a wall of stone and lime (foasatis et muro de petra et calce) 
and krenelhite and fortity it (keniellare et infortiare) as 
tttsy seem to him and his most expedient, without contradic- 
tion or impediment from us or our heirs, or of any person or 

Xffl. P 



106 



ROYAL LICENSES TO FORTIFr 



of any other persons. In witness whereof, &Cp Witness the 
King at Westminster, on the fourth day of November." 
(PaL 43 Hen. IlL, m. 15,) 

" March 15, 1262-^ — For John Maunsel, Treasurer of York, 
The king to all, &c. — Know that we have granted on behalf 
of ourselves and our heirs, to our beloved and faithful John 
Maunsell, Treasurer of York, that he nmy fortify his house 
of Seggewik, in the County of Sussex, with fosses and a wall 
of stone and lime, and krenelhite and fortify it, as may seem 
to him and his most expedient, without contradiction or im- 
pediment from ns or our heirs, or of any person or any 
other persons. In witness whereof, l^c. Witness the King 
at Wyndesor, on the 15 th day of Mareh*" (PaL 46 He a. 
IlL, m. 13.) 

July 18, 1263. — ^The king commits the custody of th 
Manor and fortalice of Seggewyk of John Mausell to Peter 
de Montfort Thomas de Appelton and Eustace Hoyron are 
commanded to deliver the said manor and fortalice to the said 
Peter. (Pat. 47 Hen. Ill,, m, 7,) 

September 18, 1263, — The king commands Peter de 
Montfort to deliver to John Mansel, junior, or to his attor- 
Bey, his castle of Seggewik, which had been seized by some 
persons by reason of the disturbances iu tlie kingdom, and 
had been committed to the custody of the said Peter by the 
king. (Pat, 47 Hen, IlL, m, 2.) 



7 

i 




In the year 1324^ on Sept. 5, king Edward IL visita 

" Neubrigge,*' in the parish of Pulborough (see vol, vi, 
49), belonging to Alard le Fleming, and to his house, thus 
permitted to be rebuilt, the following refers : — 

1251-2 — The king gives license to Alard le Fleming to 
rebuild his houses, accidentally burnt in his park of Pul- 
borough, where his ancestors used formerly to dwell without 
krenellating (sine kernellare). (Pat 36 Hen, IIL, m. 10.) 



Percingeres or Percing in the following documents, is pro- 
bably the Percingcs of Domesday, a manor iu Edburton, 
since Perching. A Eobei*t de Aguylon died seized of Ed- 
burtoa in 1261, Cartwright^s Kape of Bramber, p. 237. 



.4 



TOWNS AKD HOUSES IN SUSSEX, 



107 



<= Marcli 16, 1260-— For Robert Aguilon, The king to all 
persons, &c*, greeting — Know that on behalf of ourselves and 
our heirs, we have granted to Robert Aguilon and his heirs, 
that they may inclose and fortify the manse of their manor 
of PEECtsGERES, In tlie C-ounty of Sussex, with a foss and 
wall of stone and lime^ and may krenellate it at their 
pleasure ; and may hold the same so fortified and krenellated 
for ever, without penalty (occmiofie) or impediment from us 
or our heirs. In witness of which, &c. Witness the king at 
OxlbnV on th6 IGth day of March," (Pat. 48 Hen. III., 
m, 170 

^'^ February 8, 1268. — For Robert Aguylun, concerning the 
strengthening a certain house of his. The king to all persons, 
&c., greeting— Know that we have granted on behalf of our- 
' Ives and our heirs to our beloved and faithful Robert 
AguiHon, and his heirs, that they may inclose and fortify 
the manse of their manor of Percing, in the County 
of Sussex, with a foss and wall of stone and lime, and 
kreneUate it at their pleasure, and hold it so fortified and 
krenellated for ever, without penalty or impediment from us 
or our said heirs. In witness whereof, &€, Witness the 
king at Westminster, on the 18th day of February,*' (Pat. 
52 Hen, IIL, m. 27.) 



For particulars of the family of Husee, see vol viii. p, 46* 
— also voL K. p. 134. 

'* April 9, 1266.— For Henry Husee. The king to all per- 
sons, &c., greeting — Know that at the instance of Edward, 
our fij'st-born, we have granted for ourselves and our heirs, to 
Henry Husee and his heirs, that they may inclose and fortify 
^ a certain place (placeam)^ at his manor of Hertihge, in the 
H County of Sussex, where ver^ indeed, within the said manor 
^ they consider most expedient^ with a foss, and wall of stone 
^ and lime, and may kreneUate it at their pleasure, and may 
■ hold that place so fortified and krenellated for ever without 
' penalty or impediment of ourselves or our heirs. In witness 
of which, &G. Witness, the king at Windesorej on the 9th 
day of April" Pat 50 Hen. IlL, m, 20), 

1349,^The third part of the capital messuage at Hee- 

2 P 



108 



mOTAL 



TO FOIcLuri 



TTKGE was ^signed to Katlieriiie, widow of Henry Htisee — all 

chambers {camerm}^ near tfae westgrnDe* and Wyond the said 

gate^ with tbe lierb^axileii (herbarm)^ near the said cham- 

bers towards the west, and two gmaEer granges towards the 

garden- Also all chamhers oear the west gat« and beyond 

the said gate, except that tl^ house of the prison {domus 

prmmt) shall remain to Henry the son of Henry Husee, 

so that the aforesaid gatea gliall be common, both for the 

aforesaid Katherine. and fortlieafor^aid Henry, son of Henry 

Hnsee, with free entraoce and outlet. Also the third part of 

two pigecin-houses {cdumbanomm ) with the houses anne:Eed 

to one pigeon-honae- Also all her easements at her will in 

the bake-house of the same Heniy, for the serrice of the 

kitehen, hatehonse., and brewhouse, for the aforesaid Ka- 

theriue, with tree entrance and outlet^ until the said Henry 

shall build a competent house at his own charges for the 

above-said offices near tbe west gate* Also a certain house 

between the great grange and the lesser grange^ called Chas- 

shm ; also a certain small house caUed Le CartereMahk. 

Also a certain house near the small pigeon-bouse, called Le 

Hynehous^ with a certiiin stable existing in the said house* 

A&o a certain house, called Le Prtmonshous^ in common, to 

be repaired and upheld at tbe charges of the aforesaid Henry 

and Katherine. Also a house called Hoggehoitse^ in common 

both for the aforesaid Katherine, and for the aforesaid Henry. 

—(Close R. 23 Edw, IIL, p. 2, n. 2, d). 



4 

■ 

I 

a 



Borne, as it appears in Domesday, now Westbourne, is at 
the extreme western boundary of the county adjoining 
Hampshire » 

^^ April 24, 1307.^For Mathew de Mount Martin. The 
king to all bailiffs, &c,, greeting — Know that of our special grace 
we have granted and given license on behalf of ourselves and 
our heirs, as much as in us lies, to our beloved and faithfiil 
Mathew de Mount Martin, that he may enclose and krenellate 
his manse of Burn, in the County of Sussex, with a wall of ■ 
stone and lime, and may hold that manse so enclosed and • 
krcnellated for himself and his heirs for ever, without penalty 
or impediment from us, or our heirs, justiciaries, sheriflB, or 



TOWNS AND HOUSES Df SUSSEX. 



109 



I 



others our bailiffs or officers whosoever. In witness 
whereof, &c. Witness the King at Carlislej oa the 24th day 
of April,"— (Pat 35 Edw, L, m. 14). 



The ancestor of the present Baron Leconfield, to whom 
the following gmnt of tht^ee fortifications was given^ was 
the husband of Eleanor Fitz-Alan, daughter of John, Earl 
of ArundeU 

*' Octol*er 4, 130!>, — For Henry de Percy.— The king to all 
baiii^ and his liegemen, to whom, &c,, greeting— Know that 
of our special grace we have granted and given licence on be- 
half of ourselves and our heirs, as much as in lis lies, to our 
beloved and taithful Henry de Percy, that he may fortify and- 
krenellate with a wall of stone and lime his manses of Spof- 
FORD A^B Lek^-nfeld, in the County of Yorkj and of Pet- 
worth, in the County of Sussex, and that he may hold them, 
so fortified and krenellated, for himself and his heirs for ever^ 
without penalty or impediment from us, or our heirs, justici- 
aries, cschaetors, sheriffs, or others our bailiffs or officers 
whosoever. In witness whereot^ &c* Witness the king 
at Westminster, on the 4th day of October." (Pat 2 
Edw, IL, p, 2, m. 19.) 



La Mote, in the parish of Iden, near Eye, has been fre- 
quently confounded with the Moat in Kent, 

The chapel of La Mote was founded or rather newly 
built by Edmund Passele, and he, on July 18, 20 Edw. 
n. (1326), obtained the king's licence to endow Ralph 
de Clifton, parson of the chapel, with a messuage and 40 
acres, and seven marks' worth of rent iu Brooklands, 
Farefeld, Dodemaneswyke and Saltelonde. In 8 Hen, 
V. (1420-1), Philippa de Swinborne died, seized of one* 
third part of the manor of le Mote, in lden» In 31 Hen, 
VL (1452*3), Sir John Passhele, K*,, died seized of it, 
and the patronage of the chapel, as also that of Pashelee 
in Estborne^ and Great Pashele in Tyshurst, In the re- 
torn of the Colleges and Chantries, 1 Edw, VL (1547), 
the chantry of Le Mote is returned as of the value of 36'- 



110 



WBTAL OCESSES TO gOgfll l 



Sir Jclui Varrjm wis tiKsn incniiilMiili and it is stated tliat 
tbe vkwage rf Fsrier, rf the yesrir Tshie rf 6'* Jr. 1* 



Cardinal 
of Pmskms (f- 25), 24 Feb. 15S6, Sir John Harris 
ws8 still feeeiTijig the pension, bat it is retnnied al SOb. a 
jear onljr. The Maiuir cf Ides was distinct^ and belonged to 
the Tit^oz family* and was in the king's hands in 24 Edw. L 
(1295-6), and in the earlj part of Edw. UL it belonged 
with the patronage of the church to Xicholas de la Beehe 
and Margaret his wife, who died seiwd, 19 Edw. III. 
(1345)« In 1361 thej belonged to Simon Joyce, whose 
sister and heir, Alice^ in 1370, sold her half to William 
Tajloitr, of Kye, and he in the next rear held the entirety 
M of the king in capite, but in 1 375 they had passed to 
Thomas de Grann^n, who also held Iham, on which New 
Winchelsea was built. The crown reserved the rents of £8 
on the niunor^ and the^ passed throogh many noble familieS| 
belonging in 1385-6 to Johanna^ Princess of Wales, mother 
of K. Bichard IL (Inq. p. m. No. 54.) In 1396-7 they 
belonged to Thomas Holland, Earl of Eent^ and Alicia his 
wife (Inq, p. m» No. 30), forming part successively of the 
dowries of Elizabeth, widow of John, and of Alice, widow of 
Thomas, Earls of Kent, and in 1434-5 of Johanna, widow of 
Henry de Braiinflete, Knight^ late Duchess of York; in 
1443*4 they belonged to John, Duke of Somerset, after 
which they passed to the Nevilles, and were held (2 Ric, 
IIL), 1484-5, by Ralph Neville, Earl of Westmoreland- 
On March 30, 1592 (Rot. Pat 34 Eli^, pt 2), the lands in 
Ticehurst and Lamberhurst, formerly appointed by Edmund 
Passeley for a priest or chaplain, in the parish of Passeley 
and La Leche, were granted to WiUiam Tipper and Robert 
Dawe. 

"Decemljer 10, 1318. — Concerning the krenellating a 
manse. — The king to all bailiffs and his faithfnl liegemen, 
to whom, &c., greeting—Know that of our special grace 
we have gi'anted and given licence on behalf of ourselves 
and our heirs, to our beloved and faithful Edmund de 
Passeleye, that he may fortify and krenellate his manse of 
La Mote, in the County of Sussex, with a wall of stone 
and lime, and may hold the said manse so fortified and 



I 



I 



TOWNS AMD HOUSES IN StTSSEX. 



Ill 



I 



krenellated for himself and his heirs for ever, without pe- 
nalty or impediment from us or our heirs, justiciaries, sheriffs, 
and others our bailiffs or officers whosoever. In witness 
whereof, &c. Witness the king at York, ou the 10th day of 
December;' (Pat. 12 Edw, IL, p. 2, m. 8/) 

This document is printed in fac-siniile in Holloway's Hist, 
of Romney Marsh, p. 89. 

I am indebted to N, Wetherell, Esq., for the following 
information respecting the grantee in this document* 

Edmund de Pusseleye (whose name has sui'vived to our 
times, represented by the old mansion of Pasliley, near 
Battle) had, many years previous to this Royal Licence 
of fortifying La Mote, received in 1283 a grant of Free 
Warren from King Edward L, in his demesne lands of 
*^ Smeth and Whutrichesliam, in Kent^ of Farley, Tichesherst, 
Mundefeld, Brigbtlinge, Battle, Maghefeld, Hertefeld, and 
Pageham, in Sussex, and of Merstham, in Surrey,*' with 
a penalty of £10 upon trespassers, reserving however the 
King's rights within the boundaries of his forest. This 
Writ of Privy Seal was witnessed at Clarendon, on Feb- 
raary 24, 1383, by the Archbishop of Canterbury, the 
Bishops of Winchester and Salisbury, John de Warren, 
Earl of Surrey, Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford 
and Essex, Hugh le Despenser the elder, John de St. 
John, William de Montacute, Steward of the Household, 
and others. 



"January 25, 1329.— For Robert Ardem. The king to all 
bailiffs and his liegemen, to whom, &c., greeting — Know that 
of our special grace we have granted and given on behalf of 
ourselves and our heirs, to our beloved and faithful Robert 
de Ardem, that he may fortify with a wall of stone and lime, 
and krenellate his manses of Duatton, in the County of 
Oxford, and of Perching, in the County of Sussex, and may 
hold them so fortified and krencllated for himself and his 
heirs for ever, without penalty or impediment from its, or 
our heirs, sheriffs, or others our bailiffs or officers whosoever. 
In witness whereof, &c. Witness the king at St. Albans, on 
the 25th day of January."— (Pat. 3 Edw. IlL, p. 1, m. 38). 




112 



EOYAL LICElfSES TO FORTIFY 



The manor of Dixter^ or Dixtliera, is in the parish of Nor* 
tbiam. See also subsequently, the grant of August 19, 1479* 

^^ September 30, 1330.— For Thomas Tregoz, The king 
to all^ &c,, greeting— Know that of our special grace we have 
granted on behalf of ourselves and oar heirs, to our 
bdoved and faithful Thomas Tregoz, that he may fortify with 
a wull of stone and lime^ and kreuellate his manse of DacheS' 
HAM, in the County of SiLssex, and may hold that manse so 
fortified and krenellated, for himself and bis heirs, for ever, 
without penalty or impediment, from us, or onr heii^s, or our 
officers whosoever- In witness whereof, &e. Witness the 
King at Worcester^ on the 30th day of Septembei/' — ^(Pat 4 
Edw, m., p, 1, m. 40). 



I 



" Jnne 9, 1338. — License to krenelkte the manse of the 
Abbey of Battle. — The king to all his bailiffs and liegemen, 
to whom, &c», greeting — Know that of our special grace we 
have granted and given licence on behalf of ourselves and i 
heirs, as much as in ns lies, to the beloved by us in Christ,^^^| 
the Abbot and Convent of Battle, that they may fortify with " 
a wall of stone and lime, and kreuellate the site {6itiim) of 
that Abbey, which is of the foundation of our progenitors, 
formerly Kings of England* and 'may hold that site so forti- 
fied and krenellated for themselves and successors for ever, 
without penalty or impediment, from ourselves, or our heirs, 
justiciaries, eschaetors, sheriffs, or others our bailiffs or offi- 
cers whosoever. In witness whereof^ &c. Witness the 
King at Lopham, on the 9th day of June.*' — (Pat. 12 Edw. 
III.j p. 2, m. 28). 



1360. — John, Earl of Eichmond, Lord of the Kape ol 
Hastings, had penuission to take as many carpenters, and 
masons, and other workmen, as might be necessary for repair- 
ing the houses, walls, and other buildings of his manors of 
Crawehubst and Bubgherssh, in the County of Sussex, 
—(Pat 34 Edw. IIL, p. 1, m. 33). 



I 



'* July 1, 1360* — For the Prior of Lewes concerning license^ 
to krenellate — The king to all persons to whom, &€., greet- 



TOWNS AND HOUSES IN SUSSEX. 



113 



I 

I 

I 



ing — Know that of our special grace we have granted and 
given license, on behalf of ourselves and our heirs, to the 
beloved by u& in Christ, the Prior and Convent of Lewes, 
that they may fortify with walls of stone and lime^ the 
said Priory, and church, and houses (domos) of the same 
Priory, and to krenellate, and to hold them so fortified and 
krenellated, for themselves and their successors for ever, with- 
out penalty, or impediment, from os, or our heirs, justiciaries, 
eschaetors, sheriffs, or others our bailiffs or officers whoso- 
ever. In witness whereof^ &c. Witness the King at 
Westminster, the first day of July J ^ — (Pat, 34 Edw, HI., 
p. 2. m. 21), 



^^ March 3, I3G0. — Concerning the enclosing the Town of 
Eye. — ^The King to all persons to whom, &c., greeting. 
The Mayor and Commonalty of the town of la Eye 
have petitioned us, &jc* We assenting to their petition 
in this particular, have granted and given license on 
behalf of ourselvas and our heirs, as much as in us lies, 
to the aforesaid Mayor and Commonalty^ that they may with 
a wall of stone and lime enclose, fortify, and ki-enellate the 
said Town of la Kye, and may hold the same so enclosed, 
fortified, and krenellated for themselves, their heirs, and 
successors of us and our heirs, by the services due and 
accustomed thereon for ever, &c. Witness the King at 
Westminster, the third day of March." (Pat. 43. Edw. III. 
p. 1. m. 20.) 



^ 



1377 — 1378. The city of Ciiicuester having been 
anciently enclosed and fortified with a wall and turrets 
of stone and mortar, which, in process of time, for 
want of repair, had become ruinous, and the city without 
ditch or any fortification, the Mayor and Citizens now 
propose to repair the w;ills, turrets, and gates of the city, 
and constnict a new ditch round the city 50 feet wide. 
The King empowers them to compel the men of the city 
to conti'ibute to the expenses of the said repairs. (Pat. 1. 
Kic. IL p- 2, m. 20.) 

XIU. Q 




lU 



BOYAL LICENSES TO FORTIFY 



The documents giving the Abbey of Battle and the Priory 
of Lewes the liberty of fortifying their religions houses, have 
been abeady given. The following provides a fortified palace 
for the Bishop of the Diocese; and much of Bishop Rede's 
external walls still remains, though it was probably never a 
very strong fortress. When an assessment for the defence 
of the kingdom was levied for King Charles L, at the com- 
mencement of the civil war, the collector received £12 3s. 4d< ^J 
for the castle of Amberley< ^M 

^"^ December 10, 1377. — Concerning krenellating a manse. 
The King to all persons to whom, &c*, greeting. Know that 
of our special grace we have granted and given licence on 
behalf of ourselves and our heirs, to the venerable father in 
Clirist, William, Bishop of Chichester, that he may fortify 
with a wall of stone and lime his manor (manerkmi) of 
AiiBERLE, and krenellate it, and may hold that manor so 
fortified and krenellated for himself and his successors for 
ever, without penalty or impediment from us or our heirs or 
om* officers whosoever. In witness whereof^ &c, — Witney 
the King at Westminster, on the 10th day of December,'- j 
(Pat 1, Kic. IL p. 2. m. 13,) 



The following License has been already printed in Mr^ 
Lower's paper on "Bodiam, and its Lords^*' vol ix, p* 290. 

" October 21, 1385. — Concerning the krenellating of a 
manse. The King to all persons to whom, &c., greeting.! 
Know that of our special grace we have granted and given 
license on behalf of ourselves and our heirs, as much as in ua 
lies, to our beloved and faithful Edward Dalyngrigge, Knight, j 
that he may, with a wall of stone and lime, fortHy and kre-i 
nellate the manse of his manor of Bodthaji, near the sea, in 
the County of Sussex, and may construct and make thereby 
a castle for the defence of the adjacent country for resistance 
against our enemies, and may hold the aforesaid manse so 
fortified and krenellated, and the castle thereby so made fori 
himself and his heirs for ever, without j>enalty or impediment] 
from us or our heirs or our officers whosoever. In witness 
whereof, &c- Witness the King at Westminster, on the 21st 
day of October." (Pat 9. Ric: IL p, 1. m. 22.) 




TOWTfS AND HOUSES IS SUSSEX, 



115 



" Febniary 5, 144L— For Boger Fenys, Kntglit. — The King 
to jirchbishops, Bishops, &.c., ix> whom, &c,^ greeting-^Know 
that of our special grace we have grunted aod given license 
on behalf of ourselves and our heirs, as much as in us lies, to 
our beloved aud faithful Knight*, Eoger Fenys, that he may 
with walls and lime, enclose, krenellate, entower and embattle 
(turrefJare et batdUire)^ his manor of IIukst Mounceux, in the 
County of Sussex, and that he may hold the aforesaid manor 
so enclosed, krenellated, entowered, and embattled, for him- 
self and his heirs for ever, without impeachment {impeHtmie\ 
from ourselves, or our heirs, or our other officers or heii^ 
whosoever- Given by our hand, at Westminister, on the 5th 
day of February,"— Chart. 1 to 20 Hen. VL 19, No. 21), 



U 



After the attack upon Winchelsea by the French in 1449, 
active measures for its defence w^ere taken, especially in 
1457, see W. D. Cooper's Hist, of Winchelsea, p. 102. 

"June 5, 1463. — For the Mayor and Commonalty of the 
Town of WvNCHELSE— The king to all persons to whom, &c., 
greeting — Know that whereas our beloved Mayor and Com- 
hk malty of our Town of Wyicchelse have long bad and 
held the same Town, for themselves and their successors of us, 
and our progenitors, for a certain Fee-Farm (feudi Jirina)^ 
of £14 lis, 5Jd., and whereas they have and hold them of us 
at the present time, for the aforesaid Fee-Farm, and the site of 
tliat town is so wide and spacious, that all dwelling in the 
said Town would by no means suffice, or be able for the de- 
fence and protection of the same^ if it were assaulted or be- 
sieged by enemies, which may God forbid, without the 
assistance and support of the adjacent parts, and on that 
account the aforesaid Mayor and Commonalty now propose 
' y meiins of our license, to fortify the aforesaid town with a 
rtain wall of stone and lime, and with a certain foss in a 
lesser circuit as well upon uur land in the Town, which is 

ed the Waste {Vmtum)y as also upon the holdings of 
of the same Towu^ which are held of us as parcels of 
said Fee- Farm, for this purpose to be bouglit, provided, 
-nd made by the same Jliiyor and Commonalty, and they may 
close, krenellate, entower, and embattlej the said wall, and 

Q 2 




116 



EOYAX UCENSES TO FORTIFT 



may enclose with the same foss, the said town so fortified, 
entowered, krenellated, and embattled, we are earnestly de- 
sirous that those places which are adapted for fortification 
should be made strong for the security and defence of the 
people subject to us, and for the terror and repulse of our 
enemies, and considering how the said Town lies situated on 
the coast of the sea, and on the frontier of our enemies, and 
is to all and singular our lieges, and our friends passing 
at sea by there as it weie, the key, reftige, and guard 
of those parts against the tempestuousness of the sea, 
and the insults of our said enemies, and wishing, more- 
over that the good and laudable proposal of the same 
Mayor and Commonalty in this particular should result in a 
due and speedy effect, of our certain grace, and of our certain 
knowledge, we have granted and given license, on behalf of 
ourselves and our heirs, as much as in us lies, to the aforesaid 
Mayor and Commonalty, that they, their heirs and successors 
may fortiiy our aforesaid Town with a certain wall of stone 
and lime, within a lesser circuit in the manner that may 
seem most expedient to them; may krenellate, entower, and 
embattle it, and also enclose it with a certain foss, both upon 
our own foresaid land, and upon that of others, as is premised, 
and may have and hold that Town so fortified, krenellated, 
entowered, and enclosed, together with the residue of the site 
of the same Town, for themselves and their successors, of 
us and our heirs, &c. Witness the King at Westminster, 
on the 5th day of June,"— (Pat 3 Hen. V,, p, 2, n. 28. 
Extracts)- 



" August 

king to 



19j 1479.— For John Elryngton, Knight— The 

all persons, to whom, &c., greeting — Know that we 
of our special grace, in consideration of the good and faithftd 
service rendered to us in diverse manners, by our beloved 
and faithful John Elryngton, Knight, the Treasurer of our 
household (hospitii)^ have granted and given license on be- 
half of ourselves and our heirs, as much as in us lies, to the 
same John, that he and his heirs, at their own will and plea- 
sure, may build, make, and construct walls and towers, with 
stones, lime, and sand^ araund and within his manors of Dix- 



i 



TOWKS AND HOUSES IN SUSSEX. 



117 



ft 
ft 

ft 
ft 



ft 



THERK and Udeymeke, in the County of Sussex, and may 
enclose those manors with such walls and towers, and also 
may embattle, entower, krenelkte, and machicolate the same 
walls and towers, and may hold those manors so enclosed, 
and those walls and towers so embattled, entowered, krenel- 
lated, and machicolated, built, made and constructed, for 
himself and his aforesaid heirs, for ever. Witness the King, 
at Guildford^ on the 15th day of August"^ — (Pat. 19 Edw, 
lY-, m, 20). 

John Elryngton was Clerk of the Hanaper in Chancery, 
and Keeper of the Wardrobe to Edward the IV,, Clerk of the 
lianaper and Treasurer of the Household to Edward Vp, and 
Justice of Sewers (see dth Eq>ort of Dejmty Keepe?' of He- 
cards, App. 11, p, 3). On the 28th of October, 1483, 
(1 Richard III,,) as one of the Knights of the Koyal Body, 
he hml a grant ibr life of the office of Constable, or Lieute- 
nant of Windsor Castle, with all emolumentSj as the same had 
been held by Thomas Bourghchier, Knight (ib, app, 15), 
He was also Bailiff of Winchelsea (see W, D. Cooper's Win- 
ckekea^ J). 116,); and died, June 14, 1484, He married 
Margaret, daughter and coheir of Thomas Echingham. In 
1735 Mn L. Allies exhibited to the Society of Antiquaries 
Sir Charles Merrick's drawings of a plan of the old church 
of St. Leonards, Shoreditch, with the monuments of Sir John 
Elrington, Treasurer of the Household, K.B,, on the mar- 
riage of Richard Duke of York, 2nd son of Edward IV., and 
bis Lady in a North aisle ; also its East window, with their 
arms, and the figure of St, George (Br, Mus. Add. MSS. 
6350,;), 128, and Gough's Brit Topogr, \, p. 667). Ed- 
ward Elrington, Chief Butler to Edward V,, who died 1538, 
and bore the Arms of Echinghara quarterly, was buried at 
St, Peters church, ComhilL {Strype'e Stowe. £, 2, p, 139, 
140), 



INVENTORIES OF GOODS, «&c., 



In the Makob of CeesewortHj Sedgwick^ akd othee Parks, 
THE Manor Place of Sheffield, and m the Forest of 
Worth, witm the Ikon-works belonging to the Lord Ad- 
miral SeYMOUBj at the time of his ATTADJDEfi, TAKEN 1549** 



Bt Sib HENRY ELLIS, K.H,, F.S.A. 



Inventories have a peculiar value, in giving us some notion 1 
of the domestic life of our ancest/orsj and those now given 
have this additional worth, that they afford evidence of the 
mode in which the Sussex residence of the Howards (in- 
cluding the room of the poet-earl of Surrey, and his sister, 
the Duchess of Richmond) was famished in the time of J 
Henry VIIL, and they give us details of the price of iron, the ^| 
numher of workmen, the wages of the foremen, and the " 
places of sale, which have not been as yet printed. 

A notice of Cheseworth and Sedgewick wiU be found in 
the eighth volume of our Sussex Arch: Collections, (pp. 31 
and 97). On the attainder of Thomas, 3rd Duke of Nuifolk, 
1546, his vast estates in Sussex and other counties, fell 
into the King's hands: and after the accession of Edward 
YL they were granted (19th August, 1547) to Thomiis 
Lord Seymour.® Little more than sixteen montlis however 
elapsed before Seymour himself was in prison and his pr 
perty seized, 

* Edwai^ VI. Domestic VI., art. 3* 

* Rot. y&L pU a. 
■ The bill for hie attoiadcr w[ia ;ea4 a firft tune oa SStli Iq] j, imd reoeiTod the Bo: 

m 14Ui MikTch^ 154g.O, 



INVENTORIES OF GOODS, ETC. 



119 



k 
k 



I 



The names of some of the rooms — the lady of Richmond's* 
charaljer, and the late Lord of Surrey's chamber — atiJ the 
dilapidated state of the furniture ^^ very old and sore worn/* 
and the ragged curtains show that the goods and effects had 
belonged for many yeai*s to the family so recently dispos- 
sessed; and indicate no great luxury. The beds especially 
do not give a very grand amotmt even of comfort; since 
there was but one trussing or lady's bedstead, and the other 
20 were " livery bedsteads of boards in quarters knocked 
togetlier/' 

The subjects of the Tapestry are curious. The stories of 
Hawking and Hunting/ and of the Magistrates, are well 
known : the story of Jason is still reprevsented on the Gobelin 
Tapestry, in the state ball room at Windsor Castle ; and the 
story of Christ, atid the Bishop of Rome, is mentioned in the 
inventory of the furniture of Ilenry VIIL,*^ as painted on 
H table of wood at Westminster; it may possibly allude to 
Pope Gregory. 

The furniture of the Chapel alone seems to have been 
worthy of a ducal residence. 

The store of deer in five parks, and of oxen, betoken also 
good cheer: whilst the knife in the bakehouse to scrape off 
the moulding of bread, is anything but inviting. 

At Sheffield there was a furnace for casting raw iron only, 
with 23 workmen; at which 14 oxen were employed for 
driinght, with two wain-men, and a hammer-mill, the iron of 
which had been sold for £8 12s. a ton, and some had been 
taken, amongst other places, to the Whit« Hart in Southwark, 
which had been Jack Cade's head quart^^rs, and which is fully 
noticed in Mr. Corner's paper on the Inns of Southwark, in 
the 2nd voL of Collections of the Surrey Arch : Society (p. 64). 
In the Forest of Worth there was a double furnace to cast 
ordnance and shot^ as well as raw iron^ and a forge also, at 



* Mnry, only danglitOT of Thoraaa, 3rd DukSj niarried, in 158S, Henry FitKroy* 
Bake of Riclimond, nataral ion of Uotiry VI IL Mr. J. G* Nkboli baa priuted a full 
notice of het in the Ge nttemnn** Mtt«a«me, for May, 1846 1 and of her kuaband in 
ToL iiL of the Gatndeii Society** Miacelmny. 



* The Harl ; MH,, 1 llQ, oonlainj an iRvcntorr of tho fnrnitnr© of Hen, VTII., in 
hij «eTenl palaces at his death. At foL £119 we have the Hawkingi foL 210, Huatinp- of 
Wild Bwts, and S15j Hawking and Htiutiiig at Hampton Court j and the eameaabjoct 



oconra in tb^ tapestry at Oatknds and Groi^nwioh. 
* Harli MS. 141&, foL U6. 




120 



mVENTORlEEJ or GOODS, ETC. 



Tvhich 33 workmen were employed. All the workmen were 
paid by task work, but over each forge wiis a munager to 
superintend the work and workmen, and weigh the iron, with a 
yearly salary of £4 and a liTery, or 10s*, and meat and drink^^ 

The Manor t>/] An Inventorye takyn there the xx"" day off 
Cheseworth in Januarie, in the second yere of the reign off 
the Comitie of fKyng Edward the vj% by Sir Thomas Ca- 
Sussex, J warden and Sir William Goryng, Knyghtts, 

by virtue of a comyssyon off assistors, w* a Jlemoryall of 
Instructions to them directed, and delyvered for the same j 
purpose, by my Lorde Protector's Grace, [Somersett] w^^ the ' 
others of the kyng's moste hon'able counsel!, dated the xviij*^ 
of Januarie, A* predicto, as well of all the Goodds, Catalls, 
howsold stuffcj aud other Implementts, beyng in and abowte 
the Manor place aforsaid, as also in the Park, Forests, and 
other Offyxes of the Lorde Admyrall, withyn the Countyi 
aforseyd, as hereaftyr tblowythe;— 



I 



Hanggings in the Rawle* Off Tappestry verye olde and sore 

woryn, iiij'^ pec'. The stone of Hawkyng and^ 

Hunttyng, ^M 

Greate Chamber* Of Tapestry very olde, v peces of the^ 

Story of Jason. 
Dynyng Chamber. Off Tapestry olde, the Storye of the 

Byssope of Rome vj peces^ i olde Clothe of Estate 

blew Velvette upon Golde, 
Jfy Lord's Bed Chamber. Off Tappestry, the Storie of 

Magestrates, very olde, vj, peces. 
Chapell Chamber. Off verders,^ w*** brade levys^ and whyte 

lyons, in skutcheons — olde, v, peces. 
Inner Chamber to my L&rd^s Bed Chamber. Off dornys,* 

olde, iiij"' peces more lying there, for Ilanggyngs of 
I dornyx, olde. viij. peces more there for Hangings 

off Tapestry, sore woryn, and lytill worthe, vij. peces, 
Chapell Closeit Off saye,^ olde, red and whyte^ and red 

^ Forest wotk^ wtereia ^ardcuE, woodi, or forosta, arc repreaentod* Bee Suwi Arch: 
Coll. ToL vii. p. m, 
* A Goati^e sort cif damofik, origiiuLU^ m&uiif&titni^d at Totiruuy, 
Sdrge^ or woollon dotb* 



M 




linrENTORiES of goodSj etc- 



121 



and yellow, thoroughly hangged, w* one lytill pece 
more there of say hanggings, red and yellow, olde. 
\ Inner Chaml/er in the Lady of EkJiemondtfs Chamber, Off 
dornys, verie olde, iij* peces, sore woryn. 
Vexi Chamber to the same. Off dornyx, ij» pec\ and one 
of Tapestrye, olde and sore woryn. 
'The litiU Closett In boxes of evidences, xxj. 
Treasaurer's Chamber. Off olde saye panyd sore woryn 
■^ thoroughly hanggid. 

H^brl:#, ContraUer'8 Chamber. Off olde iaye panyd and 
^P^ sore woryn, thoroughly hanggyd. 

Almener^s Chamber. Off olde say panyd w* red and whyte^ 

sore woryn* 
Awdytt Chamber. Off dornyx, iij peces, olde, 
UChamber over the Ewrye. Off dornyx, iij. peces, olde. 
Itm, Chamber to the late Lorde of Suri^ Chamber, Off olde 

red clothe, j, pece, 
CltappeU. Off olde tapestrie, ij, peces, 
Ntirserye. Off olde verdure, over the chymney, one pece. 
^JSfether Tower Chambe?\ Off olde verdure, w* lyons, iij. 
■ peces, and one chymney clothe off olde tapestiye- 

TTte Upper Tower Chamber. Off olde verdure, ij. peces, 

IWyiidoto Clothys. Off tappestrye, sore woryn, and 
I some nothyng worthe, liij*", ; Turke worke, olde ; 

doniyx, very olde ; verdure, olde and woryn 
Cupbarde Clothes. Off Turkye worke, olde, iiij* ; tapes- 
! trye, veiy olde, iij, ; Dornyx, olde; verdure, olde 

Carpefts. Ffor horde cai'petts and ffote carpetts, of 

Turkye worke, olde and woryn. 
0/ Cusshyns — covered w^ olde red damask ; w*** olde 

• raggid couwerings, xiiij. ; w**" grene sylke for the 

chappell , . , , 

Chayers — covered w'^ red velvet, olde^ i, ; w*** black 

velvet, olde j* 
hdsieds. Off trussyng^* bedsteds, j. ; lyvery bedsteds, 

of bords in q'ters, knokked to gethers, xx. - xxi. 
ras^K Off tysshewe and red veluet, painyd, im- 
brodered w' droppys of golde, w^ curtins of sar- 

*' Gamp bfrditeodfj tkat omld he Ncked for trareUing, 
*' Thft upriKlit biul and top of tlie bed. 



X. 



IZ. 



ot. 



XVJ. 




122 



mVENTORrES OF GOODS, ETC. 



IX* 



senet, paned blewe and yellow, j.; blewe 
bawdekj n,'^ with curteyns of blew sarsenette, 
olde, j. ; old red saye, steynid, without curteins^ 
i. ; raggid sarsenet, withoiitt ciirtaynes, i, ; tyns- 
sell satten and velvety payned with cnrteyns of 
olde gretie sarsenett^ L ; olde sarsenet, without 
curteyns, i, ; sarsenet, w' curteyris, in the nur- 
sery, i. ; grene velvett and bawdekyn^ imbroderid 
with crownes and Starrs, w' cnrteyns of red and 
grene sarsenett^ j; velvett, imbrowderid with 
basketts and letters off golde, w' raggid cnrteyns 
of sarsenet, panyd yellow and incarnation 
Beddyjig. Fether bedds, good and l)ad, Ixxiiij. ; bol- 
sters, good and bad, Ixiij* ; pyllowes of downe, 
good and bad, xiij. ; ma tresses, thoroworyn, and 
lyttill worthe, ix, ; fflock bolsters, thoroworyn, and 
litill worthe, xjj* ; pyllows of flSox," covered w^ 
canvas, olde, i* ; hlanketts, good and bad, cxviij. 
Couerletts and Qur/ltts. Dornyx, olde, xxiy; couerlett 
worke, olde and toryn, xy; whyte and grene^* 
cloth, w*^ white lyons, i,; white and grene cloth; 
qnyllts of lynnen cloth, olde, xix. 
Naperie. ShetSj olde and woryn, xviij* peyer- 
TabyU Clothys. Damaskcj iiij'*^, ; course dy*^*, viii.; 

playne cloth course, xvj, 
Towda. Of ffyne dyaper daniaske werke, iij* ; course 

dyaper, x, ; playne clothe, xj* ; sewyng towells, vj. xxx, 
Cupbord Clothes. Of dyaper, iiij*. ; playne clothe, ij. . ^^ 
TmyU Napkyns, Of dyaper, viij* dossyn vlij,; playne ^ 

cloth, j, doss, . , , ix. doas. viii. 

Hand ToweUs. Of course playne clothes _ . vji 

Ffuniyture of the Chappell — Alter Clothu. Red velvet 
w^ whyte lyons, j. ; satten of Brugges, panyd w* 
white and grene, w* di^oppys of golde, ij.; red 
and nissatt vellat, panyd imbrodered w* lyons 
gryffons hedds, j.; lynyn clothe, iiij''^; covering 
of red say for the altare, j. ; curteynes of saye, ij, viijJ 

" BawdekiD clottt— blue nnd white. 
" Fliet or hair of hanea imd rabbiU. 
'* Tudor oolouTB* 



Hij. 



I 



DrVTENTORlES OF GOODS, ETC. 



123 



I 



One fromite of sarsnet blak and yellow; one 
Festement, wyth appertenances of whyte sattin 
of Briges; one chalys, syluer and gylte; one 
masse boke; one sakeryng*^ bell; iij. crewetts of 
pewter; ij. super altaries; one raggid banner 
clothe of sylke w' flowers of golde. 

Tables, xj, with trestyll and other portatyrys and 
formes incident to the same fiirnysshyd, 

Cubbards, viij, of bords knokkyd together to stand 
in chamtjers; i. andyeron; j. fyreshovell; j* fyer 
forke, 

Candyhtykks, Of lattyn/^ viij. ; tyn, iiij. 

Plats. In the ei^Tye, v, ; in the hall, ij. 

iij* chests; vj, chamber potts; btisons, olde, x- ; basons, 
new^ vj. . , , . , 

Smyttkys Forge, A payer of newe belowes; a cove 
iron; a grate andvyle ; a siege; ij. hand hamers; 
ij payer tonggs ; one peyer of plyers ; a stampe ; a 
pounche ; a horse nuyle toole ; a perser to make 
holys in horse shoys; a chesell; a shovj^U for 
colys; a poynttyng stethye;^^ a pan to dres 
horssez fete; a pece of a brokyn pan; a pece of 
a swadyng iron ; a payle ; a markyng iron ; a 
small perser; a bedsted in the smythe's chamber; 
a perser iiij°\ square. 

Bakhomse. ij. flower basketts ; i. water cowell f^ a payle ; 
a brake^'-^ w^ a bolle of iron ; fyve pelys of woode; 
a trough crate of ii*on; ij. pannys; a trevett; a 
a trough crate, w*^ a stele of wood; a flower 
sbovyll ; a box for salte ; a basket to cary bred ; 
a knjie to scrape the moldyng of brede- 

Brew House. A grete copper in the fornase; iij. grete 
fatts ; a grete covyli of ffyr f^ smale kelers xix. ; 
stykraands, viij; bop mands, j*; a long trough 
from the wall; a peyer of slynggs; ij. towells; 
copi>er kettylls, ij,; stykforks, ij.; rothers, iiij,; 
shovylls, ij-; skopatts, ij.; coole bak, j.; an ax, 



Ylj, 
XV]. 



" A krge wooden tab. 



'• Plate tin 



B 2 



if Small audi. 
** Fir or d^al. 



!34 



ixvESToarcs o? goods^ etc. 



j. J kymells, ij< ; flfyer prongs, ij. ; baralb, ziESTj- ; 
s carte w* whelys; a payer wooddyn tonggs. 

Slaughter Hoitae* Bedsteds, ij.; playne Ibrmes, j. ; 
Eopys to hang up befe, ij-; pynnys of iron for 
the same, ij< ; haod hoks, j- ; an olde lede in a fur- 
nysj.; a peyer of skales, w^*" beamys of woode, 
to wey taUowe ; an axe- 

Keckyn and Pantrye. Long brochys,** xx*; shorte 
brochys, xiiij, ; rakks of iron, j. payer; pottys^ 
ix-; pannys, x.^^ where of one in the boy ling 
place, and one in the skoldyng house fumayse ; 
brasyn lady Us, ij*; thereof one w' an iron stele j 
skymmers, ij.; colanders, ij. ; pot hokes, payers 
ij. ; trevets, iij, ; a bras'n morter w' a pestyU of 
iron ; ffyllyng ladylls, ij. — Knttys, a courser^ j, ; 
mynsyng knyvys, j,; chopyng knyvySj iij.; 
chopyng knyvys, j. — Chafyng dysshis, ij.; a 
posnet** of bras, lakkyng a handy 11 ; a skyllett; a 
a brokyn chafer; ffryingpannes, ij.; lachyng 
pannys, iij,; trene bollys, ij.; watercowlis, ij-; a 
grete olde maunde, j. ; empty hoggyshedds, ij- j a 
bucket to draw water; pay lea, iij.; ffyershovell, 
j,; a stone morter w' a pestyll of wode; a olde 
crate ; a cheste in the panti7 to kepe spycys ; a 
lether jak;^ rough basketts, ij. 

Scullery. Chargers, Tiij. ; platers, ix. dossyn ij, j dyssh^, 
ix, doss, ix.; sawcers, vij. doss, iij, ; plates, ix-; 
a stone morter w* a pestyll of woode ; mustard 
quernes,^* peyers, ij.; a fyer shovyll; a box for 
mustard; formys, ij,; pannys, ij, 

Barnes. Hay, by estymacyon, xl. lodes; Bryke, by 
estymacyon^ xx""- 

Chesewohth Pabk.^ — CaUilL Nyne fattyng oxyn, and one" 
bare and syk ox; a stonyd horse for a stallant; yj, 
oxyn latelye sold to Eichard Weller, of Shepley, for 
Tij^" whereof the money ys yet unpayed, by reason ^ 
that he had a day gevyn hym to pay the same. 



'* ^itv fq* ro&vtiiig. 
" Hiuid*£iiiU«. 



** Soe antf, p. M. ** A large leather bottle* 
^^ See alao Sum, Axcli, OoUt voL x, p. 57> 



IKTENTOIllES OF GOODS, ETC. 



135 



k 



In the saEie parke, by estimacion, one httndreth 
dere, xxviij fattyng oxen, ^v^*" were lately dryvyn 
from there towards London by a servant of Wyllyam 
Clerks, dwellyng in Totnam, serTant to the Lord 
Admyrall, which sythyn are steyed, and remayne at 
Nonesuch-^ 

Knapp Pake. — One hundred fattyng oxyn, and one cow 
liij- fattyng shepe, whereof ij. beyng nott dryd, and 
marked with an S, 

Young ambelyng geldyns xiij», and the fedjng of 
the sayd catiiU in hay, by estimacion, lix, lods, 

Segewtkb Paree,''^— In the same paj-ke, x, porkers, worth 

I by estyuaacon, xx *■ a pece, dere in the same parke, by 

estymacion, c, dere. 

Bewbushe and Shelley Pahke.— In the same Parke, by 
estimacion, c. dere* The joystement of tlie said Parke, 
w** Wylliara Clerk standyth accomptant for to my 
Lord's use, 

Parke in the Forest.— In the same parke, by 
estimacion, iiij^^ dere. 

The Barony of Lewes ; the Borough of Lewes, with 
LentalFs parte pro parte dni Seymour ; the Manor of 
Clayton; the Manor of Myddylton; the Manor of 
Alyngton; the Barony of Bramber; the Manor of 
Cheseworth; the Manor of Knapp; the Manor of 
Grynsted ; the Manor of Kyngs Barnes ; the Borough 
of Brambre ; the Borough of Shoreham ; the Borough 
of Horsham; the Baylif Ersouth's oflyce; the fforest 
of Seynt Leonards » 

All which are unaccomptyd for one hole yere, 
endyng at Michalmas, A** sc"^", R. Edwanli,sext, 

'~~ Cauerden, 



LmLL 



Wytnes 






YLLTAM GORTNG. 



ThM Home and Park of CkesetwrtL Henri ffoyce, keper 
there^ havyng for hys ffee yerely, vj"' xx^\ The 
same Henri, understeward there, havying for his ffee 
by yere, xl*^- 

>* Ib,| voL r^ p. 144, *f tth, vot viiL, p, S^ mA anU^ p, 10fi» 



126 



INYEl^TORIES OF GOODSj ETC. 



Knap 



Barony of Brambr and Lewes. The same Henri, receuor 
there, havyng for hys ffee, by yere, xl% w*" therbage 
of xiiL bests, ij- horsys, and also ij, horsjs founde i 
in my lord's stable. ^M 

Parke. Wylliam Skot-erall, keper there, hauyng at^l 
my lordd*s plesure, w^ therbage of xiiij. bests, ij. 
horsys, and ten hoggs. — George Bernard, vnderkeper 
there, having the goyng off vj» bests or naggs, and 
TJ- hogga there. 

S^geicylce Parke. Wylliam Barwyke, keper there, hauying 
for hys fee iiij-*' xj** iij*^* per ami,, and the rate of 
viij. oxyn, xii, keane, vi, niarys and geldyngs, and 
xvi, swyne. 

Bewbushe and Shelli/ Parke, John Berde,*® keper there, 
hauyng for hys fee vj^ xx**- per ann-, ix. catall, and 
XX**- hoi's bests. 

lA/till Parke in the Forest John Myles, keper there, bathe | 
for his fee Ix** by yere, and the goyng of serteyn' 
catall. — John Roose, water-bayliffc there, hauying for 



hys fee, by yere, 



xxvj^ 



Tij'* — Thomas Bntdbrigej 



bayliff errant, haying for his fee inj" per annum, — 
John Carrel, Esquyer,^ hygh-steward of the Baronyc 
of Brambre, and for his Counsell, Ixv]"^ yiij'^ by yere. 
— Edmond Mychell, gent,,*^ steward of the Barony of 
Lewes, hauyng for his fee xl*- by yere. — Richard 
Gy bson, of thage of iiij""* yeres, hathe injoyid one almes- 
house, at Shoreham, about xvj. yeres, w*^ is worth to 
him^ jerelj^ fower marks, hauyng no other ricom- 
pense but that for L yers service to the late Duke 
of Norffolke and hia ancestors. — Wylliam BaiTow, 
bayliff of Shoreham, w*^ the fee off Ix"- x*^ by the yere. 



*• ^^JoliTi Beard had lands in Cowfold, m SuBfieaL, aud eerreii the Dote of Norfbl^ 
when tia Grac« lived at Chflaworthj, Id Sussex, and wai BaneGr of St* LeouELrd'i Poreat, 
(flonp* Qoetm Mury^ and Hetb biiried in fclio p&Tisli cliiu^ch of Cowfold^ afoFt?iJaid, axidftr 
a ^SfG tnarbb, and ImTing ticj issue, Bt*ard of At^bi^rtcm (Edburton) did Itabi^rit hii 
ea^i&"—Vint(fti<miifSutieXi 11534. Ttia f^eDtleman wa« a bmuch of tLe old fo-imij of 
Beard of Rottingdeaii, who haf e held la&d§ there moro than four centuriea. Akms; 
ErmiDo, on a quurter Sable, asttltier Or, cbai^ied viiih fivo ftfjara-deUia, G«ke, M,AM, 

^ John Gorrell waj eldeat ttoa of Sir John Carrell, of Wamham^ Sergt^ant at Law, 
15 to. The aon wQ« of the Inner Temple, and w^ himaelf made a B^'Tgoaat at Iaw is 
154*1. 

'° Thoro were two familiea of Michell in Snaaex: the Micbella of Horsham, now re- 
pfesentod by the Shdlojs and th^i Fiiforde % \h& other waa a refng-ee family. 3e« p<i«t» 



4 



INVENTORIES OF GOODS, ETC. 



127 



I 



aMlLAR myENTORY OF GOODS, 4a, 

BEliONGIKG TO THE LoRD ADMHtrVL, AT THE MaNOR PlACE OF 

Sheffield, akd in the Forest of Wohth. A.D. 1549. 

The Makkor of Shefield, in the Countie of Susse^c, 

An Inventorie taken at the Manner Place, ther the xxj^** 
dayc of Jenuarye of the ij"^ yere of tlie raigne of Kinge 
Edward the Siste, by Sir Thomas Cawarden and Sir 
Willyain Gorynge, Knights, in vertne of a Comniyssyon of 
Assiatims, w* a Memorandum of Instruccions for tlie same 
purpose, to them directed and delyvered by ray Lord Pro- 
tector his Grace, and others of the King's Ma*"* most honor- 
able Counsaill, the xviij^^ of Jenuarie last, of all snche 
gooddes, cattails, and other store or flocks remaynyiige there 
of the Lorde Admyrall, in the charge and cu$todie of Sir 
John Sherief, Gierke, samante nnto the said Lorde Admyrall, 
hereafter appery the : — 

Ffyrst, there remaynyth of fatte oxen, xxx*^ Item^ drawynge 
oxen, for thuse of the iron mylles there, xiiij. Item^ 
ther remayneth of haye, by estf™, for the fynding of 
the said laboryng oxen, xx^ loodes. /fern, ther ys 
within the said mannor a flfiirnace to cast rawe iron^ 
with all implements necessarie for the same : — Itemy 
in coole, by est", ccc. loodes ; Item^ m sowes of rawe 
iron, xxxviij; Item^ in myne or ower, by est", mm^^ 
loode; Item^ in whode cutte for the sayd fiirnes, 
xijMoode, that is to say, eu'y loode by measure, iiij. 
fote of liighe and viij. of lenghe, wiche amounts th to 
more then of whode, xij'^ loodes; Item^ m mynedrawen 
and not caryed, ccxix, lodes. 
Jutn^ a fforge or hammermylle, nere unto the said Mannor, 
withe all implements apperteynyng unto the same : — 
Iteffi^ in soweii of rawe iron, xxv. ; Item^ iron in barres, 
vj- tonne, whereof v, tonne are sold to a man of 
Devonshere, at viij* li xij" le tonne, and the money 
paid unto the said W John Sherief; Item^ in cole 



128 



HfYENTOKlKS OF GOODS, ETC. 



ther, in the colehous, ccc, loode ; Item^ in whode cnl 
for the same, vj' iiij" corde f^ Item^ ther ivus dely vered 
to the Whithart, in Sothwerk, at Mydsomer, in anna 
secundo, C- sext, and reinajneth ther m yet^ xxU), 
tonne, and s. c'. 

Item^ ther was delyvered by my lorde Admyrairs comaund- 
ment, at Mydsomer, in anno primo^ R, E. sext, unto 
one Cornelius Smithe, dwellynge at the Strande, yiij, 
tonne of Iron, the wiche is not paid for to the know- 
lege of the said Sir Jolm Sherief- 

Item^ delyuerid by my Lord Adinyrars commftundement, to 
one 8markwhode, in Bow lane, at mydsomer last, also 
to his knowlcgge, v. tonne of Iron. 

The some or number of the workmen apperteyning unto the 
said fforge and ffiiraace, sxiij*** : wliereot^ hammer- 
man and seruaiuit^, ij. ; ffyners, ij. seruaunts, ij.; a 
founder, j., and a fyllerj, ; coleyars, ij. ; sarvants, vj,; 
myners, ij.; servaunts, iiij. All these persons are 
hyred after a rate^ by taske work, 

Item^ one man, hyred by the year, to attend upon the works' 
and workmen, at all tyme, and wey the iron Srom 
the worknian to the merchaunt^, and hath for his 
wages, by the yeai^e, iiij" , a lyeurie or x% met*; and 
drinke ; Itemy iy wyenmen,^^ hyred by the yere, for all 
careges, and their wages yerly, euery of them, xl*-^ a, 
lyu'ry, mete and drinke. 



« 



The Foreste of Wotjrthe, in thb smd Couktie, 

An Inventorfe taken ther the xxij*"^ of Jennarie, in Anno I 
dicto, by the said Sir Thomas Cawarden, and Sir William J 
Gorjmge, Knights, by vertue of the Comyssyon befor 
expressidj of aU siche gooddes, cattdls, and other store or ' 
flocks reraayninynge ther, of the Lorde Adrairall's, hereafter 
apperethe. 

'^ A cord of wood in Stiisex fnefLsaf«i when piled ap S feot in len|^))j 4 in width j 
Bitid 4 foot 2 inclies in lidght— th<} S iuchcM in hoight being jdlowed fpr springiQ^ or 
■ettling. The price of cntting wns, in 164fii, Sd. per com. Colliers were paid in 
wood and moiiwy after the rate of 23d. tlio load j mjne diggerii, 7d. the load | BAndmoiij 
0d. the load. 

■* Waggoner*, 



INVENTORIES OF GOODS, ETC* 



129 



Ryrste, a duble fftirnace to caste ordynaunce, shotte, or rawa 

I iron, w'^ all implements and necessaries appertenjng 
unto the same : — Item^ there ys in sowes of rawe iron, 
cxij- ; Itm, certen peces of ordynannce, that is to say^ 
oiilverensj xiv, ; dim. culverens, xv; ; Itm^ of shotte 
for the same, TJ, tonne r. c^; /to, ordynance caryed 
from theus to Soiithwark, and remanyth ther as foleth 
sakers, xv.; flFawkous, vj,; myixnyons^ ij, ; and dimp 
culverens, j, ; Itm^ in shotte for the same delyvered at 
the h, st"^, xiij, tomie; Itruy in myne or ower at the 
furnace, redye receved, xyj*, lode; itm^ in myne, 
drawen and caried, Mix*, lode ; Itenty in whode, yiij*. 
corde, 
Item^ a forge ther w' all implements necessary for the same : 
— %rste, in sovres ther of rawe iron^ and redy to 

hworke, cxxx'^ ; //w^ in barresof iron, viij, tonne; Itm^ 
iron caried from thens to the White Hart, in Soth- 



forge, 



wark, XYY,^""^^ vj-*; itin, in blomes at the 
jjjj tooDfi (i[jii J ii^^ in cole, iiij*» lode; itm^ in whode, 
Tij*, corde. 

The sum or number of the said workmen appertaining unto 
K the said fforge and furnace, xxxiij^* wherof^ a ham- 

^^^^^ merman and a servant, j, ; finei^ and ij. seruants, ij, ; 
^^B founder, j,, ffy Her, j,; iij, coleyers, and ij* servants, 
^^M ^ ; mjrners and iij. seruants, iij.; gonfounders and 
^^^W viij. seruants, x. All these persons are hyred after a 
y rate by taske work, 

Ttm. — ^One man hyred by the yere to attend uppon the work 

rand workmen, weying the iron from the workmen to 
the merchants, and his fee or wages yerlye ys iiij^», a 
lyuerie, or x\, meate and drynke. 
Me^ That all the premisses, stock, and store w^ in receyted 
with thVrder of the workmen are commytted and appoynted 
to the custody and charge of S' John Sherief, Clerk, and 
for his better assystance Henry Foyce, GJent. 
The some or value of iron in barres remayning at the fyr- 
nyces, forges, and hammer -mylls within written, as 
also in London, as we arc credably informed amounteth 
by estimation to cccc iiij^ xvij'* xv** 
"xin. s 



130 



INVENTOBIES OF GOODS, ETC, 



The 



value of th' ordyc 



some or value oi tn oraynaunce remaynyng at the said 
places amountethe to vj'^xx" 

The some or vahie of the shotte there Ix^^*. 

The some or value of the sowes cclj^*. 

The some or value of the whode xlij^'. 

The some or value of the cole iiij"'' iiii^ 

The some or value of the myrececlix^^ 

The some or value of the blomes xxvij^V 

The value of the drawyng oxen xxiii'' vj* viij^. 

The some or valew as well of the implements apperteynyng 
unto the said forges and furnaces, as also weyns and 
other siche like amounteth to x^. 

M** that P'son Levett owythe uppon a rekenyng for ghott to 
hym delyuered in anno primo regis E sexti from th< 
furnace of Wourthe by estimacion Ixxvij^ 
Summa totall Mmixxvij vj* viij"*^ 

Whereof to be allowed unto certan gonnefounders and oth( 
workmen in the said fiumyces and fibrges for 
wages nowe dcwe by estimacon clx*^ 

And so remaynethe m* ix"" xvij^' vi'* viij^. 

Itm to be remembred to knowe what the gonnefoimderg 

shall do, whether they shall caste any more ordynaunce an< 

shott or no and of what kynde, 

M"* that S"" John Sherief, Clerk^ confessethe, that he hath 

not made none accompt of the fumyce and mylles of Sbefeild 

sync the feast of All Saincts in Anno xxxviij, Henr. viii, and 

hath not accompted for the tfumyce and mylles in Wourthe 

syns the Na** of our Lord in Anno dicto ; and nowe desyrethe 

instantlye to come to his accompt, ^ 

Wyttnessys^ T. Cawerden, Wyllyam Goryng, John Shery^ fl 

clerke, Henri Foyce. ™ 

The Woreste and Parke of Wourthe. Thomas MicheD, gent, 
Raynger ther, havinge for his fee, per diem, by the year, 
Ix"- x*^' The same Thomas hath also the herbage and 
pannage of the said flbrest and parke, by patent, 
dtiring his leif- Kobert Monke and Robert Cow- 
stock, keepers within the said parke and foreste, bathe 
yerly for their wages, every of them, xP , with the 
kepyng of sertcnyne cattail ther iiy^L /ter?^ Thomas 



INVENTOBIES OF GOODS, ETC. 131 

CJowstock, bayly of the Barronney of Lewis, for the 
Lord Admyrall's parte, his fee by the yere, xxxv* 

Wyttnes, T^ Cawarden, | ^ g^^ j^ 
William Goryng,J 
John Sheryf, Gierke. 
Henri Ffoyce. 

For an account of Lord Admiral Seymour's intention to 
build a town somewhere within the Forest of St. Leonard, 
see voL x., p. 127. 



2 s 



THE COLLEGE AND PRIORY OF 
HASTINGS, 

AND THE PRIORY OF WARBLETON. 



By the Rev. EDWARD TURNER, M.A. 



Among the objects of archaeological interest with which 
Hastings abounds, its Castnim, or Castle, now in ruins, is 
one of the most renowned — ^the page of history teeming with 
important incidents connected with it. Founded in Saxon, 
but much altered and improved in Norman, times, to adapt 
it to the requirements of a baronial residence, it is situated 
on the summit of a lofty eminence, to the west of the old 
town ; the hill on which it stands, called, from this circum- 
stance, "the Castle Hill," forming one side of the deep 
valley in which this part of the present town is built. And 
although, on three sides of it, little more than the lower 
portion of its outside walls remains, enough is left to shew 
the substantial nature of the building, and that, when in a 
perfect state, it must have been a fortress of great strength. 
But it is not so much with the military as with the 
ecclesiastical character of this Castle that I have now to do. 
For within it was established, at a very early period, a 
College of Secular Canons, called, from its position, " The 
College or Free Chapel of St. Mary in Castro." Its founda- 
tion charter is supposed to be lost; on which account neither 
its original founder, nor the date of its first foundation, can 
be very accurately ascertained; but it is generally believed, 
if not to have been founded, to have been very liberally 








- -.,«.y_r -. 



<^< 





THE COLLEGE AOTJ PEIOEY OF HASTINGS. 



133 



endowed^ by the Earl of Augo or En, a Norman nobleman, 
wboj like many other of our ancient Sussex magnates, came 

*to this country with Duke William, and he bestowed upon him, 
as a requital for his services in the struggle that took place 
for its sovereignty,^ — (at the battle of Hastings he wm one 
of the Norraim Duke's principal generals) — the Rape and 
I Honour of Hastings- The College, as he established it, 
Hconaisted of several secular Canons Prebendal, The exact 
^^timnber is not known, but they are supposed to have been 
ten, each of whom was distinguished by the name of the 
Prebend which he held. 

A Dean appears not to have formed a part of the original 
foundation, but to have been added at a subsequent period, 
when a head of the College was found necessary to keep 
order, and to superintend the affairs of the house, and to 
make the collegiate establishment complete. At what time 
this essential addition was made^ I have been unable satis- 
factorily to discover, but it was certainly prior to the year 
1280, when a Dean of the College is specially mentioned. 
In the 3rd of Edward L that King issued a mandate to 
certiiin Commissioners to visit the College, and to place in 
It a Dean, But this cannot be considered as an allusion to 
the first appointment of such a spiritual head, for Thomas 
a Becket is stated by Lord Littleton, in his History of 
Henry IL, to have been one of the first, if not the 
Jirst^ Dean ; and this will carry back the existence of such a 
diguitttry presiding over this Free Chapel to a period ante- 
rior to the year 1171, when his murder took place. 

But althoughj following the best historical sources of 
information accessible to me, I have stated the Earl of Eu to 
have been mainly instrumental in founding the College — for' 
he placed it upon a broader and more enduring basis — some 
doubts have been expressed on this point. There are some 
writers who are disposed to think, with Tanner, that this 
Korman Earl had nothing to do with its estaldishment. 
Their doubts, however, appear to me to be based upon very 
insuflficient grounds. These differences of opinion are easily 
'reconcUed. Such writers as maintain that the Earl of Eu 
ad nothing to do with the foundation of the house, allude 
its Jmt foundation, which they look upon as Saxon, and. 



134 THE COLLEGE A^^D FRXOEY OF HASTINGS^ ^^H 

consequently, as established long before he set foot on BritLsh 
soil ; while such as assert that he was the founder, consider 
what he did in reconstructing the Saxon college was equi- 
valent to a re-founding, and that he was thereby justly 
entitled to be looked nipon in the light of a Founder* The 
Prebends were, almost all of thera^ more extensively endowed 
by him than they had previously been, and his enlarged 
endowments were subsequently farther increased by his sue* ™ 
cessors and other benefactors, H 

Among the records in the Tower of London is a confirma- 
tory Charter of Henry, Earl of Eu, of the date of Henry IL, 
in which he regrets his inability to make nmch addition to 
the benefactions which his grandlather and father had made 
" to those hallowed places and sacred edihces" which they 
had founded and endowed, and which he held in the greatest 
Teneration, On which account he felt it to be a duty more 
especially incumbent upon him to protect and preserve what 
they had thus devoted generally to God's honour and service, 
but more particularly what they had given to the Church of 
St, Mary in the Castle of Hastings, the rents and other 
emoluments of which were beginning to be diverted from 
their legitimate purpose into other channels. He, therefore, 
summoned before him the Canons of this Church and his 
Barons, and caused to be recited and scheduled in their 
presence such gifts as his ancestors and others had made to 
it. This deed is valuable, not only on account of its men* 
tioning the number and names of the Prebends, with the 
names also of some of the benefactors by which they were 
distinguished, and the benefactions each had made, but as 
distinctly stating that Robert, Earl of Eu, was the founder 
of the College, He is called in it, ^^ Fundator et Edificator 
Ecclesie Sancte Marie de Hastinges." 

The Prebends, with their endowments, are stated in this 
deed to have been — 

L — The Prebend of the Chapel of Wertlikg or Gutam- 
ERDONS. Who or what this Guyamcrdons was does not 
appear, but it was probably the name of the holder of the 
Prebend at the time, or of a benefactor to it. Its endow- 
ment is stated to liave been — the Chapel of Wertling, with 
the tithes of all the demesne lands of the adjacent manor; 



AND THE PRIOBY OF WARBLETON. 



135 



two virgates and one wist of land in the same manor, toge- 
ther with the hospes* attached to and dwelling upon it j the 
tithe of all the salt made on any of these lands, and a per* 
tion of land in the same manor for saltpans; the Chapels 
and tithes of Hon and Ninnefield ; two wists of land in the 
marsh of Hou; the meadows and tithes of the Franchises; 
the tithes of Dungingate, Cocherste, and Codinge ; and one 
house within the Castle, probably as the prehendal residence ; 
and the oblations made at the altar in the Castle at par- 
ticuiar times. 

2. — The Prebend of WrLLiAM Fitzallak, to which two 
benefactors only are named, yiz*, Robert, Earl of Eu, and 
Kalph de BallioL Earl Kobert gave to it the Church of 
Beckley, with the tithes, and half an acre of land belonging 
to it; the Chapel of St Mary, at Bulverhithe; land near to 
the Monastery — by which is probably meant the Priory of 
the Holy Trinity, Hastings; one thousand herrings, or 
mackerel, yearly^ with a ceitain portion of other kinds of 
feh ; the Church of Stottiug, with its tithes and lands ; tlie 
tithes of Chiteham ; a third part of the tithes of Blakebrooke ; 
and two houses, one in and the other beneath the Castle. 
Ealph de Balliol gave to it a garden, situated at Besham, 

I The principal foundation of this Prebend was at Bexlei — 
now called Bexhill — on which account we find it designated 
at a later period, the Prebend of Bexhill, This Prebend 

\ waa probably dissolved upon the Bishop of Chichester claim- 
ing and recovering Bexhill (which was attached to the 
Bishoprick in Saxon times) from the Earls of Eu, who had 
unjustly seized and detained it upon the Castle and Rape of 
Hastings being granted to them* In the 26th of Henry 
VL, a license was granted to Adam (Moleyns), Bishop of 

) Chichester, to empark 2,000 acres of land in Bexhill, and to 
embattle the manor house, and, at the same time, to enclose 

^ B«iident hoTi0€holdf>rs on a manor, pajin^ a certain ao^owl&dgmeut for tha 
wirQege of ameh rtjsidtiuee, were called HospitOB. Thcj were also eouietiniefl call*^ 
fitogiarii, from whence, donbtleas, comes oar term, " an old stager." The foUowinff 
d«o3 shoyfA tbat, Uko tbo soil on wbldi tliej reaidedj they wgtq at the diaposd of tho 
I^rd: — **Sciant presffnt^i et futuri, quod &^^, Henricuflj Comes de Ango^ confirms 
Mnnachis di3 Sancto Fancratio (a;iud Lewes), annm hohspiteDi in Belcwarohan], ^neni 
WillelinaH, frater mens, in «^ vita ibi deditj et tres, quos ipso moriena HimiUter 
donairit; qnomm nomina ^nnt, LardasL Staiiaida«, Seile, et Edmer Stambaj et t^um 
hiia conc^o eciam lioapitem^ quern Kobortns de Criolo ibidoni dedlt apud Spriiag^ 
'-^— Teetiboii" Ac. 




136 



THS Ci^IXSai AJI0 



dP HASTOROS, 



it With Stone. The Btdcpv rf die &Mm had m residence 
h»e from m rmj eariy perioi 

3- — The Prebend of Hroe db Fixicee, to which Walter 
Fitilwiihert, who is mentioned in Dotoesd&j as holding 
Crovhets^ of Earl Bobei% ind Geoffiy — who was pr^jbMf 
tie Geoftj de Flocar f^orted in the same surrey as boldii^ 
Gest^^gcs of the same EarL, and who is called below ^e 
hnHher nf Hn^ fiom wham this Prebend is deaigimteii — 
■re raetitmied as benebetors. Its endowments consbled of 
lands, and the tithes of his own lands^ and of thfise of his 
Mcestom in HaTlesham. This Walter is called the fonnder 
of thb Prebend. In the fonndation deed it is stipulated 
that, after the death or r^ignation of Hngh de Flocer, Ae 
then holder of the Prebend, his brother Godfrey shoidd, 
with the Bishop's appn>Tal, be the next Canon ; and that he 
should hsTe, in addition to what the prerions Canons bad 
receired, the tithe of Casebnry, the Chnreh of GestlingeS| 
with its tithes, and a boose in tiie Castle. 

4. — The Preliend of Hcbert tie iL^TBEKT, the emola- 
ments of which Earl Robert is said to have iacreased by a 
gift of land, in what sitnation does not appear. Besides 
this, it possessed the tithes of Gygyntone, and a meadow jnst 
beyond the mill beneath the Castle- 
s'— The Prebend of Eustace, to which EainbertnSj the 
Sheriff, with the full and free consent of Earl Robert^ is 
stated to haye been a benefactor. He gare to it the Church 
of Salehurst; the land and tithes of SomerviDe; the Church 
of Mountfield, with the tithes and a virgate of land belong- 
ing to it; the tithes of Hegea; the Church of Edjmere, and 
lands and tithes in Boreham; the tithes of Marseland, of 
land under the Castle, of the meadow of Soanellus^ of a 
meadow which Colebertus held, and of lands at Gertselle; a 
house in the Castle ; and a meadow at Salenta. This Pre- 
bend was subsequently transferred by Henry, Earl of Eu, 
with the Lordship of Worste, to Robertsbridge Abbey, 

G. — The Prebend of Aucher, No benefactor is men- 
tioned by name to this or any of the following Prebends. 
The land with which this Prebend was endowed was situated 
at West Thurrock, in Essex, on which account it was some* 
times called the Prebend of Thurrock. Its endowment was 



I 



Amy THE PRIOUT OF WAEBLETON; 



137 



[the Cturch of Thurrock, and the land belonging to it^ with 

the meadows, njarshes, and tithes of the manor. It also 

possessed one virgate of land at Castlebergh, and two houses, 

Bone at Hestrega, and the other in the Castle. To this 

" Prebend was attached the supervision of the Grammar School, 

7, — The Prebend of Theobald, to which the Chnrches of 

Peasemarsh and Dallington were attached, with the land 

belonging to them ; the Church of Iden, with its land and 

tithes ; the Chapel of Pleyden ; half the tithes of Cicenore 

and Totton; two Tsrgates of land at Ilaldenesham ; the 

tithes of Bosenore, Checkingham, and Paliseniore, at Rye; 

and the tithes of Ilamstrete. To this Prebend belonged the 

guperintendence of the singing school. It was sometimes 

—designated the Prebend of Peasemarsh, probably from the 

^circumstance of its endowment being derived principally 

from that parish, 

8. — The Prebend of Geoffry de Blanche, This Pre- 
bend was endoAved with two houses in the Castle ; and half a 
hyde of land at Gildewelthmere, with the tithes accruing 
from it ; together with one and a half Tirgate of land ^^ de 
Tinturna ;" and two sheaves of the tithe of Blakebrooke ; and 
the tithe of Estilete, 

9, — The Prebend of Ralph T a yard, the endowment of 
which was a house in and a garden out of the Castle ; the 
tithe of a meadowj and t^f the lands generally of Osbert and 
of Underpark; half a hyde of land at Herthberga; the 
chapel of Wilting, and the tithe Ijelonging to it; the tithe of 
Vilesent; the Chapel of Ilollington, with the tithe apper- 

»taining to it; the Chiirch of Yewerste, with its tithe and 
land; a meadow, with three virgates of land, at Prelham; 
the Chapel of Bodyham, with its tithes; ami the customary 
fees arising from the burial of the parishioners of the same 
Chapel dying in Yewerste; and half a hyde of land at 
^Tennegate. 

10* — The Prebend of Roger Dawtell, to which belonged 
hyde of land in Bokeleary, and three virgates at Certe- 
ella; half a virgate at Smallfield; one virgate at Bargcham; 
le Church of Breseling, with the tithe and land belonging 
it; one virgate, which Turnus held; and the Monastery 
xin, T 



138 



TEE COLLEGE A^T) FBIORT O^ HASTINGS, 



of Botherd; the tithe and land of Molma; and the Chnrch 
of St. Andrew. 

Besides these separate endowments of each Prebend, them 
belonged to the Canons in common, four ambras of salt^ at 
Rye, the gift of Earl Robert ; common of pasture for all their 
cattle, and pannage for their hogs upon the whole waste of 
the Lord. The clerks of the diflfereut Prebends engaged in 
duty are declared to be the Lord's Proctors in tlie different 
manors in which the churches serred by them were situated, 
so long as they were so engaged. So far the endowment has 
reference to the food and clothing of the canons engaged in ^J 
Church serrice- What follows belongs to the ornamentation H 
and necessary uses of the church, and to the supply of its cus- ~ 
ternary wants* To be so applied was the tenth penny npon 
the rendering of a valuation upon any part of the Earrs 
property in the Rape of Hastings, wherever it might lie situ- 
ated* Ralph FitZ'Ralph gave to the cunou?? the tithe of his 
meadow under the Castle for the sujtply of incense for the 
church, Raniilphus, the vicar of Odymere, gave to them 
Mteen acres of land in that parish, wiUi the consent of the 
Earl, the value of which was 4()s,, and which formed part of 
the dues of his church* He also gave to them the church of 
St* Andrew in Hastings, on which a(XM>nnt this church 
might have be^n called, as we sometimes find it, " St. An- 
drew's of the Castle ;" at other timas, " Castle parish." In 
Odymere, Ingeramus de Augo gave to the canons the tithes 
of Wilting and Perrich ; and Robert de Creol, for the salva- 
tion of the souls of his father and mother, gave to them a 
house which he held of the Earl, the situation of wMch is not ^ 
mentioned, H 

In the 8th of John (1207) Reumond having been ap-™ 
pointed to one of these prebends, while resident at Rome, had 
the King's license granted to him for safe conduct to and 
from England to take possession of it. 

But although the original foundation charter of this 
college is supposed to he lost^ we learn something of its 
contents, and of the free prebends of Hastings from a deed 
of inspexiraus for John Duke of Brittany, dated the 22ud of 
Edward I. (1294), which refers to this confirmatory charter 



AOT> THE PRIORY OF WARBLETON, 



139 



of Henry, Earl of Eu; and it is called by the king *'our 
free cbapeL" The tenor of this deed seems to imply con- 
tinued irregnlarity in the pa)Tiient of the rents and other 
pecmii[iry emoluments of the preljendal canons, as it directs 
the proceeds of their property to he paid over to them 
*^ entirely and without molestation/* It then proceeds as 
follows : 

" Moreover I gmnt and coDfirm to the tr&oauiy of the sftme church pertaining^ 
(llie ooUegiftte churcht that is, or free chaj^el m the Cftstle,) tlio tenth penny of my 
MDtene ImvAi to l)e imld 3'early hy my fihen'il^— via,, of Burghefee 12^ : of ChediDgea 
CtuppMed to be Cl^iddlngly), 2<; of Fileahurn, 4<- of Bob d and, 2*; of Sandherste, 
l:^ ; of Lunneaforde, tithe of the demegtit? of Koliert i^traliortiej 6« ; of Knells, K» ; of 
Ojientjrigge, U«; of Leges, 4*.; of Uppcne, 2*; of Mcjrlay, VJ^; ofOvorttagpr, 12^; of 
Crocker^lS^; of BarselJej 18**; ofHorft, 2»; of Battel, ^■j of the tithe of Wincfael»e, 
12^; of ForhertftOT 12*^; of Pctershani, l^""; and fpur houBoa (maiiBuric) in Testr^he, 
which were given tq it by William Fita-Eobert— vis., two houisea which were Eeia- 
bertX a third which was Kigs'e, and a fourth which wm near to the pofitem of 
Wigeli^el 2» ; aiifl a tenth of the profits of the iShjievalty of the county, then held 
fjid retadned by WiUlam Fitz-Wibert,** 

These tenths he gave to the ti^easury of the Church of St, 
Mary, to be held by the canons belonging to it in perpetuity. 
He also confii'ms to it the kmils of Betanasse granted to it by 
Engeler de Scotlnges* Although later benefactions were 
made to this college, its possessions could never have been 
large ; for at ita dissolution the value of the deanery is stated 
to have been £20 only ; and the aggregate value of the pr^r* 
bends, then reduced to seven^ £41 13s, 5d* 

Tanner mentions that the tithe of the earnings of the boats 
of Winchelsea Imlonged to the canons of the tree chapel of 
St. Mary, Hastings, 

In 19th Edward 111, there is a visitation of this free 
chapel in the castle.* 

Among the volumes of the Battle Abbey Charters in the 
possession of Sir Thomas Phillipps is a folio book in which 
many monastic rentals are hound up together ; one of which is 
the rental of the College of Hastings, with the prebends and 
pensions belonging to it in February, 1594. It is headed — 
'^ Rents of the prebend of Hoo," &c, in the same college, 

Thorpe in his descriptive Catalogue of the Battle Abbey 
Deeds pp. 147, 148, speaking of this rental, remarks that — 



' Second B«poii of Ptiblio B«cord CoiaiiuBdoiierv, p. 168. 

T 2 



140 



THE COLLEGE AXD PRIORT OF HASTINGS, 



" In the rental of Haatiii^ GoUige ue iome iut^ferthtg notiois of th^ hein of 
William Barker, for a rant foiQ^ GUI of their lands cmUed Fkrkegate hill, in the 
pkmii of SL MMTf% within the CH^e df Hastin^s^zy' ; of John Tufkin, Eiqrv., 
tor m rent fotog <mt of hi* luidt within the puuh of KortbMD^ called Homer, %ij(* ; 
of Willi&iD teller, fisqre., for a jarlj not going out of the mjuior pf KueUe, in 
the Mild ptmak of Nortli*m (Beddejf) ti^*/' 

Enelle was an aQcient seat of the family of Benlkitap ; from 
whom it passed by the marriage of Alice, daughter and 
heiress of Hamon Bealkimp with Sir William Shelley, of 
Michelgrove, a Judge of the Court of Common Pleas,^ and an 
ancestor of Sir John Villiers Shelley, Bart, and M.P,, of 
Mttiestield Park. '* This rent^*' the account continues, ''is not 
to he had hecause it is in tlie Queen's hands.*' 

A schedule of the property held by the college at a later 
perio*i is given in a suhsetiuent chai-ter. But as none of the 
original property possessed by the prebends is there men- 
tioned, thk deed may be looked upon rather as a confirma- 
tion of after augmentations, than as having reference to the 
whole endowments of the college. The separate prebendal 
endowments are entirely omitted in it. 

The descent of the Castle and Honour of Hastings may 
be very satisfactorily traced from the Conqueror to their pre- 
sent noble possessor. Having been granted to the Earls of 
Eu, they were held by them successively until the time of 
Henry IlL, when they passed t^ William de Ysseiaden in 
default of heirs male^ by marriage with Alice Countess of 
Eu ; and from their son to the Crown by escheat. Here they 
continued with but few interruptions till the time of Henry 
VL,* when they passed by grant into the family of Pelham, 
but in the same reign they were granted t« Sir Thomas Hoc, 
afterwards created Baron Hastings, who is said to have been 
descended from the family of Eu : in 1st Edward IV. they were 
conveyed by his feoffees to William Hastings,* in whose de- 
scendants they remained till 1591, when they were piH-chased 
by tlie Pclhams, in which family the manor and lionour of 
Hastings still remain. The college, however, as we shall piN3- 
sently see, did not descend with the castle ; but having escheated 
to the Crown, was not afterwards separated from it. The 
castle is stated to have been abandoned as a place of defence. 



I 



I 



" B^ Faifl' Jud^ee, iv. p, 31. * Bee Sum. Arch. Coll. rgl, ii. p. I6L 

* See alt;? Sum. iroh* CoU* voh iv, p. 151, and Toi ™. p. ISO, 



AND THE PBIORY OF WARBLETON. 



141 



and the site of it to have been given to the canons of 

(Hastings, during the reign of Henry II L, to enable them to 
enclose it against marauders, and the encroachments of the 
Sea, by a wall ; the Crown, by whom the grant was niade^ 
reserving to itself the right of resumption in case of foreign 
invasion,* At the dissolntion of this and other monasteries, 
the revenues of the college were given by letters patent^ to 
Sir Anthony Browne, Master of the Iloi^e to Henry VII L 
Of the value of these revenues two statements have come 
down to us, one of which was probably based on an estimate 
taken at the time of the dissolution ; the other a few years 
later* In the first valuation the Prebend of Ewhurst is, for 
fcsome cause ur other, omitted, though it is evidently included 
"in the grant; and in the grant the Prebend of Brightling 
is omitted, though it is included in the valuation. How this 
happened it would at this distant period of time, be difficult 
to account for, particularly as accessible records are silent 
on the subject, Several of the members of this college must 
have been alienated at a very early period ; the college at 
_ first consisting of ten prebends, while at the dissolution they 
■ were reduced to six. That the Prebend of Ewhurst had heen 
suppressed appears from a grant made by the King in or about 
the year 1480 to Simon de Shoreham, in fee and of him of all 
the lands in the parish of Ewhurst formerly held and granted 

■ to him by the Prebendary of Ewhurst^ for an annual rent of 
6s. in money, and half a pound of wax for a light in the 
church. At this time the deanery of the college wtis endowed 
with the privilege of holding one prebend. The dean had 
also a residence, and some lands adjacent to the church, and 
rent charges and services arising from several prebendal and 
other manors and lands. He also had pensions varying in 
amount fix>m the other prebends; retaining his pension 
from the Prebend of Saleluirst, even after its transfer to the 
Abbey of liobertsbridge. Besides which he had 3s. 4d. as a 
pension from the vicarage of Fairlight ; an annuity of 20s. 
from the Prebendary of I lolling ton, and the advowson of the 
M Vicarage of St. Mary, also called in the castle, but which must 

' B«pOTt, otigiii^ J M9. ia the Britlali Muienm, toU i?,, fot 2GQ b ; and also MS 



143 THE COLLEGE AND PBIOBY OF HASTmOS, ^^H 

surely mean unihhi its pi^ecmcts f and of whicli the present 
Churcli of St. Mary is the substitute ; for no traces are to be 
found of a second church m, that is within the castle buildings; 
and to which church a parochial district was attached. 

On the opposite page are engravings of two seals of this 
college^ the only two I have been able to meet with. They 
are taken from a vohunc of drawings by Hewett in the pos- 
session of Charles Bellinghara, Esq, of Brigltton; one of which 
has already been published by Mosa in Ids History of Hast- 
ings.^ To these I luive added the seal of the reputed founder 
of the college, for which I am wholly indebted to tlie same 
work. As Muss's book came out in tlie year 1824, and is 
perhaps in the hands of but few nienihers of our Society, a 
deviation in the present instance from our rule not to admit 
into our Collections representations of objects which have 
been already published will not, I tmst, be deemed inexcus- 
able. Without an engraving of these seals my paper would • 
manifestly have been incomplete. ■ 

JIueh confusion now exists as t^ the location of the seven 
churches which Hastings appears at one time to have 
possessed. As the Church of St. Andi*ew is known to have 
stood beneath the Castle, another church near to it would 
scarcely have }>eeu requii*ed ; and hence a difficulty arises in 
placing this Church of St, Mary in a similar position. To 
obviate this difficulty, it has been conjectured that there 
was a Church of St. Mary Magdalen attached to a hospital 
in Hastings, of tliis name; because, in the grant of this 
hospital, by Queen Elizabeth, to the Corporation, it is de- 
scril>ed as comprising " Magdalen and the Church fields/* 
This, then, it has been thougiit, might have been the Church 
of St. Mary here alluded to. No cliurch of this name IB 
mentioned in Pope Nicholas' taxation; and the Hospital 
lands were in fact in the old pariah of St, Margaret^ the 
church of which has been submerged. The only churches 
there taxed are St, Andrew's sub-Castro, at £4 13s. 4d. ; St 
Clement's, at £5; St. Margaret's, St. Michaers, and St 



* On eth Kay, 159 i, the Ctowti prc^at^jitcd John Hodgekyns to the W^Jtorf of St. 
Mapy prt/pe Cattrum de Haatingg, Suau. Arth. ColL Tol. iii. p. S57. 



A3HD THE PKIOBY OF WABBLETON. 



143 



I 



Peter's, which are taxed together at £10; aod All Saints, 
taxed at £5 68. 8d. 

Bot even if such a church had erer existed, it would have 
been too fur distant to be described as in the Castle, Pes- 

' Bibly, then, the free chapel of the Castle became, before the 
dissolution of the College, a parish church ; and this conjec- 
ture seems to he supported, as will be presently seen, by its 
description in the grant to Sir Anthony Browne, 

The value of the endowment of the Prebends in Pope 

iNlchoW taxation (1291), is — 

♦•Prebefwift de WirtUng, £16 13«, 4d.; ditto, de Hon, £1G 13s. 4d. : ditba, de 

[Klnnefeld, £16 13a, 4d. ; ditto, de Brightling, £13 Ob, 84; ditto, de HoUiagton, 
I £4 ^. &±*' 

And at the time the dissolution took plac^, it was as follows : 
— Peasmarsh Preliend, the holder of which possessed the 
advowsons of tJie Rectorial Churches of Northiam, Beckley, 
Iden, and Playden, with pensions charged on them. He 
ha^l also the Vicarage and Rectory of Peasemarsh, with the 
entire tithes of corn and hay accruing within the parish; and 
a prebendal manor, lying in the parishes of Peasmarsh, 
Northiam, and Beckley, From the Bishops' Registers we 
obtain the names of the following Prebendaries, with the 
dates of their incumbencies: 1492, Henry Medwale; 1502, 
Robert Wrothe; 1535, Jolm Ducatt. The value of the 
patronage of this Prel>endary, after deducting £3 6b. 8d. 
paid annually to the Dean as a pension, was £6 13s, 4dp 

That of the Hollington Prel>end comprised, among other 
grants, the advowsons of Ewhurst, Hastings- — (which of the 
churches is not stated, but it was probably the Cfiurch of 
St. Michael, the boundaries of which are not now known, but 
the foundations of which were discovered near the White 
Rock, in 1814) — Bodyham, and the free chapel of Holling- 
ton. From the Battle Abbey records we learn that this 
Prebend was endowed with twenty-five acres of land in Hoo 
mai-sh. Its prebendaries, derived from the same and other 
sources, were — 1390, Thomas Hilton; 1399, William Ervyd- 
sale; 1412, Richard Bolton; 1435, Thomas Fynes; 1438, 
Richard Vincent resigned, and John Wraby was appointed* 
The value of the patronage was £3 9s. 



L 



lU 



THE COLLEGE AX1> F&IOKT OF HASTINGS, 






'* 



The Prebetid of Hoo was endowed with the Church of 
HoQ, and with UtirU atid tithes in the same pmish beddes* 
In 1535, Eohert Phipps was PrebcndarT. Its Tsltia 
was £3- 

Tlie Prebend of Ninfield had attached to it the Chord 
of Xinfield, ajid a pension from the WartUng Prebend, In 
the valuation this is stated to be the most richly endowed 
of the Preliends* In 1535 Simon Fowles was Prebendary. 
Its value was £2, 

The Prebend of Wautlikg was endowed with the Chnrch 
of Wartling and thirty acres of land, and with the com and 
all other tithes of the parisli. In 1535 Thomas Garratt was 
Prebendary. Its value was £2. 

These last three Prel>en<ls were at first but one Prebend^ — ^ 
Wartling and Ninfield lieing comprised under the Prebend , 
of Iloo, and their churches forming part of its endowment^H 
But by an ordinance of Ralpli, the second Bishop of tha^^ 
name, who held the see of Chichester from 1217 to 122 2, , 
eacli became a separate Prebend- This alteration is stateqH 
in the deed to have been made by letters patent, at the^ 
request of Peter de CoUemcile, chaplain at the time to the 
Pope, but formerly a canon of St. Mary's Hastings, with | 
the full consent of Alice, Countess of Eu, the patroness at 
the time of the churcli ; he having resigned the Prel»end of 
Hoo for the special purpose of enabling the separation to hQ 
effected. It appears from the Episcopal Registers, that even 
after their ordination as three distinct Prebends^ they were 
sometimes — the three, at other times, two of them — »held 
together by one canon. The Prebendaries so holding, were 
—1406, Hugh Holbache, of the three parts; 1408, John 
Brandrethe, a third part; 1440, Henry Faukes, the samej 
1504, James Wiitstone resigned the three parts, and Robert 
Phillips was appointed to them. 

Of the Prebend of Brightling no particulars are given. 
That it had a prebendal manor attached to it, and called hy 
ite name, we learn from Mr. William Wykewyke, the canon 
who held it in 1402, being called the lord of the manor of 
Brightling. This Prebend was charged with the payment of 
23s. 4d. to the Dean of the Collegiate Church, and 6s. 8d. 
to the steward of the manor. On each side of the chancel 



ANB THE PRIORY OF WAEBLETON. 



145 



Hof Brightling Clmrcli is a shield, which Mr. Hayley supposes 
™ to be the arms— that on the dexter side, of WiiliHm of 
W/keham^ and that on the sinister, of the College of Hast- 
ings- If William of Wykeham wm ever a member of the 
Collegiate establishment at Hastings^ — and we may surely 
fairly inter from this that he was — it naturally leads us to 
conclude that he was the builder of this chanceL Moss, 
quoting Tanner and othei^, says that he was a Prel>endal 
Canon of this Cidlege, having been so appointed by the king 
(Edwd, 11 L), February 17th, 13G2-3, upon his return to this 
country trom Rome, where he had been employed by the 
Archbishop of Canterbury. His name^ however, di^es not 
appear in the list of prebendaries of three years later date. 
If, tlien, he was ever a member of the College, it could have 
been but for a short time only, 

Nor are any particulars stated of the Pre])end of West 
TmrEBOCK. In 1535 Dr, Smythe was the holder of it Its 
value, after paying £2 13s. 4d. to tlie Dean, as an annual 
^pension^ was £12 6s. 8d. 

"^ Besides these separate endo^vmentSi the prebendaries pos- 
sessed other property of considerable value, which they held 
in oommon« The Church of Echyngham was in the patron* 
age of the canons generally; and it is stated in Pope 
Nicholas' taxation, that the Canons of Hastings possessed, in 
the parish of St, Benedict Wodewarf, property of the value 
_ of £1 3s. 4d. 

f Other prebends are mentioned in the Bishop's Registers — * 

viz., the Prebends of Stone, of Tamwortu^ of Mahlpas, and 

of BcxvERiHTHE^ as belonging to this college, of which I find 

no other record- Of Stone the prebendaries mentioned are 

—1406, William Stone; and 1413, John Prentice, Of 

— TA^nvoRTH no prebendaries are given. Of Mablpas in 1398, 

JSimon Hokej 1400, WUliain Kepington; 1401, Thomaa 

Preston; and in 1404, Thomas Southwell* And of Bulver- 

HiTHE in 1398, Robert Eltysle; 1399, John Weston; 1402, 

Thomas Atte Lee, were the prebendaries- This last prebend 

is stated to have been endowed with all the tithes of a place 

^called Walshe, These probably were ajuong the first pre- 

Hliends, which have at diflerent times been suppressed* 

H Of the situation of Stone, Tamworth, and Marlpus, I have 

■ XIII. Y 



146 



THE COLLEGE AKD PKIORT OF ttASTIHGS- 






been tutable to obtain any infonnatioit, except that with 
gard to Stone there app^u*s to have been a manor of thi^ 
name, which, with Hastbgs College, is mentioned in a receipt 
given by Lord Pelham, as lord of the hnndred of Battle/^ 
But of Bolverhithe the name still remains near Hastings* It 
had a chapel dedicated to St. Mary, which is mentioned in 
the Episcopal and other records, and the ruins of which still 
stand. About 100 acres of land, the greater part of which 
was long the property of the lamUy of Cresset Pelham, is 
comprehended under this name. The Domesday Survey 
mentions, that ** the Ear!/' meaning Robert Earl of En, re- 
ceived 43*,, and " the Monks, *" which probably may be an 
allusion to the canons of St. Mary in Castro, ^* £4 from this 
manor*" The chapelry of Bulverhithe is a member of the port 
of Hastings, from which it is distant about three miles west^ 
ward; and from Bexhill eastward about two miles. In 12 
the prebend of Hastings, together with the chapel of Jlonnt- 
field, and the churches of Salehurst and Odymere were appro- 
priated by WHiiam de Etchingham, with the full consent of the 
chief Pontiff, to the Abbey of Robertsbridge, Among the lands 
too granted and confirmed to the same Abbey by Kichard II., 
all the lands which the Monks held of the Canons of St, Mary 
Hastings are included. And in or al»out the year 1190 
Geoifry, Bishop of Chichester," according to a deed among 
the MSS. puichased by the Earl of Ashbumham at the sale 
of the Duke of Buckingham and Chandos's library at Stowi 
confirmed an agreement made between the same religioi 
houses respecting tithes." 

From the Patent Rolls of the 7th of Henry IV." we learn' 
that considerable interruption was occiisioned in the perform- 
ance of the duties of the Collegiate Chapel by the non -resi- 
dence of the prebendaries. Commissioners were therefore 
sent down by the king to enquire into the state of the College, 
They were directed to report both as to the regularity of the 
performance of the services, and as to the condition in which 
they found the chapeh After a careful visitation and enquirj 



lie 



i» Burrell MSB. 

" Epi#c, Reg : Stk. Bicardi, foL U, a, and b 33. Pat. 2 Edwd. IL, pt. 2, m, 10. 
" jfibl i Stowoiwiii, noL u., pp, 100, llfl- " Pt, ^ m. 10. 



AXD THE PRtORY OF WARBLETON. 



147 



^ 



P 



^ 



they reported, that though tlie chapel had anciently been 
honorably serTed in divine offices, yet at that time it had 
ceased to be so ; its rents, profits, atid other emohiments, even 
though liberally aided by the oblations of the faithful, having 
from their scantiness become insufficient for its reparation and 
support; and tor the sustentatioo of the houses which had 
recently been erected within the Castle for the accommoda- 
tion of the vicars and chaplains, and for the supply of the 
vestments, books, and ornaments, necessary for its use ; for 
finding lights ; and for the payment of the annual stipends of 
its vicars, chaplains, clerks, and otliers, whose duty it was to 
minister in it. It was therefore decreed, that to meet the 
expenses, and to make up tor the gradually increasing defi- 
ciency of its revenues, the prebendal Canons who should 
henceforward be non-resident, should pay each of them a 
moderate and reasonable yearly pension out of their prebends 
in proportinn to their value, towards the support of the 
resident and officiating vicurs, chaplains, clerks, and other 
ministers. With this decree the non-residents at first refused 
to comply J on which account the rents and other emoluments 
of their prebends were sequestered, until the amount assessed 
upcm each prelwndal pension was fidly satisfied and paid. 
This decree is stated to be "for the vicars of the King's free 
chapel at Hastings;*' and commences — "The King to his 
beloved clerks, Master John Kingstone and Master John 
Wandestrcj canons of our Free Chapel of Hastings, greet- 

* it 

Free Chapels, as the name implies, were entirely indepen* 
dent of Episcopal and all other Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction, 
On which account they became the frequent subjects of dis- 
pute betiveen their Royal Patrons and the Archbishops 
and Bishops for the time being, of the province or diocese in 
which they were situated. Nor was the CoUegiatii Church of 
Hastings exeiupt from these difierences- Disputes as to 
jurisdiction and submission were continually arising, in con- 
sequence of the Dean and Prebendal Canons not being willing 
to yield obedience tti the authority which the Archbishops of 
Canterbury and the Bishops of Chichester attempted from 
time to time to exercise over them. As early as the 7th of 
Edwd. I- (1279), w^e find William de Lewes and Walter de 

V 2 



148 



THE COLLEGE AND PRIORY OF HASTmOS. 



Totlijrlle, two of its resident chaplains and canons^ complain- 
ing to the king, that the then Bishop of Chichester (Stephen 
de Berkstead), and his official, ** ungraciously and unjustly 
troubled tliera, by citing them to appear at their synod ; and 
for their non-compliance, interdicting their churchy &c." 
They therefore prayed the interference of the King, who 
immediately issued his writ to the diocesan, commanding him 
to desist » The Dean at the same time petitioned to be per- 
mitted fi^m the same cause to resign his office, which was , 
referred to commissioners sent ilown for the special purj^os^M 
of visiting the College^ and enquiring into the truth o^^ 
the grievances co ni plained of. They Avere also empowered 
to decide a complaint made by Walter de Tothylle, to 
whom the king had just given the [irebend previously held 
by Galfred de Winton, that he was prevented from obtaining 
possession of the prebendal house which his predecess4ir had 
erected, as a residence for himself and his successors. He 
had therefore prayed the king's letters to be issued to the 
bailifls of Hastings, to compel them *^ to do him justice in 
the matterj as he had not where to lay his head," And later 
in the same king's reign (27th year, 12!) 9), the king was, 
again solicited to interfere in protection of the rights CJ^M 
the College against a further attempt at Episcopal interfer^^ 
ence* Though willing to admit the Church of St. Mary in 
the Castle of Hastings to be a Royal Free Chapel^ and not 
under Episcopal control, Gilbert de Leofard, the successor 
of Bishop Berkstead in the See of Chichester, maintained 
notwithstanding that the Prebendal Canons were under his i 
jurisdiction, and therefore held that as vacancies accrued, 
those appointetl to succeed them otight to be presented to 
and admitted by him^ as had been the case with his prede " 
cessor* But as the king was advised that this was contrai 
to the long established rights and privileges of all his fri 
chapelsj while they continued in the king's hands, he 
issued another writ directed to Herbert de Berghei^she, 
Warden at the time of the Cinque Ports^ to enquire into the 
truth of the premises, and to certify the result to himself 
at the commencement of the next Session of Parliament, to 
which he had adjourned the settlement of the cause ; when 
and where the Bishop was summoned to attend to support his 



i 



A>T> THE PRIOIir OF WAEBLETOS. 



149 



I 



presumed right, and the Canons to defend their ancient rojral 
privileges. The following year the matter in dispute con- 
tinuing unsettled, we learn from the same Patent Rolls, that 
in consequence of the Bishop pertinaciously urging his claim 
to authority over the College, a day was appointed by the next 
Parliament for him to appear to substantiate such claim; 
against which time Giles de Garderoba aud Walter de 
Agmondesham, with other of the Prebendaries named, were 
directed to enquire into any and everything which might be 
adduced in the king's favour, and to produce it at the time 
apiK)inted, The result was a decision in favour of the 
king. 

The Bishops of the diocese having thus failed in establish- 
ing their assumed right before Parliament to exercise Epis- 
copal control over the canons, the Archbishop of the province, 
the next year (viz., 29th of Edwd< I,, 1301 J, set up a claim 
to a similar privilege ; and, having given notice to the Dean 
of his intention to visit the College and its Prebendaries, the 
King issued a similar prohibition to him, which the Arch- 
bishop disregarding, and having declared his determination 
unaltered, the King pnjceeded to issue his writ, directed to 
Stephen Sprot, constable of the Castle, commanding him not 
to permit the Archbishop, or his commissary, to enter the 
Castle walls for the purpose of visiting the Eoyal Chapel, 
and to restrict him from exercising any kind of ecclesiastical 
jurisdiction over it and the canons. None therefore took 
place. 

In the autumn of the following year (1302), the Arch- 
deacon of Lewes signified his intention of exercising ordinary 
jurisdiction over the same chapel and canons, which was 
frustrated by a similar writ and prohiliition. 

The year fijllowing (31st of Edwd, L, 1303), a suit being 
then pending in the King's Court between the King and the 
Bishop of Chichester, as to the point in whom the right of 
institution to the prebends was vested, a vacancy oci^.uiTed 
among the canons, which the King filled up by appointing 
John de Cadomo, one of his royal chaplains, to it. Upon 
which the Archbishop, who knew that the Bishop of Chi- 
chester was powerless in the matter, cited the newly-appointed 
prebendai'y to appear before him, to shew cause why he had 




150 



THE COLLEOE ASU PRIORY OF HASTINGS, 



been guHty of what the Arehhishop was pleased to call '^ his 
contemptuous intnisian/' This led the King to issue another 
writ of prohibition, for the purpose of restraintog the Arch- 
bishop from interfering in the aflairs of his Chapel and 
College, until his right to do so had been established in a 
court of justice. This appears to have quieted the Arch- 
bishop for a time, for no further steps were taken upon this 
occasion. All was at rest until the year 1305 (31st of 
Edwd* L), when the same Archbishop, availing himself of the g 
opportunity of a metn^poHtan Tisitation, which he was then en- M 
gaged in making of the Diocese of Chichester, determined to ^^ 
go to the town of Hastings, for the double purpose of visiting 
the King's Chapel, and excomraunicating John de Wicheo, 
the keeper of the Castle, if he persisted in refusing to udmit^J 
him within its precincts, and the canons themselves if, B^ien ^M 
80 admitted, they did not submit themselves to his atithoritv. 
Not succeeding in his endeavour thus to gain admission, he 
afterwards sent a commissary upon the same errand, who did 
by stratagem w^hat the Archbishop coidd not accomplish by 
threats; for, watching closely for an opportunity of entrance 
when the bailiff, in the discharge of his official duty, niight 
happen to be absent from the Castle, he succeeded in effect- 
ing his purpose ; and so not only carried out the Archbishop's 
injunctions, but proceeded to an overt act, by discharging 
the Dean, and appointing William de Lewes — one of the 
canons, who had favoured his planSj and with whom a pre- 
vious arrangement had been made — as his successor. To this - 
Archiepiscopal indignity the king was not likely tamely to ^M 
submit. Nor did he ; for he again summoned the Arch- ^^ 
bishop to appear personally before him, on the morrow of tiie 
least of the Holy Trinity, to answer "for these his high 
contempts and misdemeanours against the crown and his 
royal dignity; and the same Simon de Berghershe, Warden 
of the Cinque Ports, whe directed by writ to go to Hastings, 
and, having satisfied himself of the truth of the complaint 
against the Archbishop, to discharge the new, and reinstate 
the old Dean. 

Such were the unseemly disputes and disturbances which 
occasionally took place at this early period between royal 
and ecclesiastical authority, with respect to the prerogative 



AND TILE PRIORY OF WARBLETON. 



151 



I 



I of free Chapels, which were happily put an end to, aa far as 
the College of Hastings was concerned, kiwards the close of 

' the year 1480, when it was finally arranged, by an agree- 
ment hetween Edward Story, Bishop of Chichester, and the 
Lord of Hastings Rape, the patron," that the chapel and 
eanons shonld thenceforward be under the same ecclesiastical 
jurisdiction and visitation as the other clergy of the diocese ; 
and that, with regard to the appointment of the prebendal 
canons, it should continue in tlie patrons for the time being, 
but that, as the Chapel had ceased to be in the patronage of 
the crown, their admission to their prebends should, fur the 
fiituin?, be vested in the successive bishops of the diocese- 

\ At the time that this amicable arrangement was made, a 
suit was pending in the king's court as to the rights and 
privileges of the two parties claiming jurisdiction over this 
chapel — ^royal cliapels retaining their exclusive privileges bo 
longer than they remained in the hands of the sovereign- 
It is somewhat singular that neither of the present ancient 
chmrches of Hastings was ever in the patronage of the dean 
and canons of this College. They l:»elnnged to the Abbey 
of Fescamp, in Normandy ; that of St. Clement having l>ecn 
built by the monks of that foreign house where it now stands, 
towards tlie end of the reign of Edward L ; the safety of the 
original church having been endangered by frequent irrup- 
tions of tlie sea. By a deed among the Tower records, it 
appears that the land upon which it is erected was given for 
the purpose, in 1286, by Alan and Alicia Chesmongre, who 
were at that time residents of Hastings* Though this 
church was among the grants made by his royal master to 
Sir Anthony Browne, it was by a separate deed, and not 
imtil five years after the conveyance of the College and 
its revenues to him. The cause of this College grant is 
stated in the deed of conveyance to be ^^ the good, and true, 
and faithful and acceptaljle counsel and service which ho 
was at that time rendering, and which he had previously 
rendered, to Henry Vlll., and for other causes and con- 
siderations." The deed then goes on very minutely to state 
what was included under it, viz. — ^^ The Deanery and Col- 



' Qm a loDg de^d in Episc. Bog: D,j foil 50. 



15S 



THE COM-EGE AXD PfllOET OF HASTINGS, 



li^ commoalj called the Royal Free Chapel of IIastii_ 
with its site aad appurtenanoe^ ; also the advowson, donation? 
free disposition and right of patronage of the vicarage of the , 
parish church of the hlessed Mary within the Castle, here to- ^^ 
fore belonging to the deanery;" which plainly shews that the" 
chapel had become a parish church, and had been used as 
such; but at what time it became so, and how long it had 
been so used, does not appear. The deed then goes on to 
recite '' all the manors, niessujigcs, lands^ tenements, mill«, ^ 
meadows, portions of tithes, rents and rent-charges, services, ^M 
&c*, lying or being in the rills, hamlets, parisiies, or fielJs^™ 
of Ilastings, lloo, Howe, Gate, Ashford, Northiam, Seddles- 
oombe^ Knelle, Peasemarsh, Rue kl and, Fulshani, Burwashe^ 
Codedyng^ West Thurrocke, Brightlyng, Farleigh, Wartlyng, 
Nenefeld, Crowherste, Saleherste, Beckley, Wagbonie, Gest- 
lynge, Idcn, Playden, Ilollington, Ewehei-ste, and Bodyham^ 
in the counties of Sussex, Kent, and Essex, to the Deanery 
and Prel>ends, &c,, belonging, they being altogether of the 
annual value of £44 19s, 24d/' There was the usual reser- 
vation upon this grant — ^^to the king, his heirs and suc-| 
cessors, of the lead, bells, and l)ell-metal, and of all jewelsy| 
ornaments, goinls, chattels, and debts due and belonging to 
the Deanery, College, and Prebends," For this grant Sir 
Anthony, his heirs and successors, were to pay at the King's 
Court of Augmentation, and revenues of the 
£4 9s. 11 ^d*, at Michaelmas 
exactions and demands. 



'■4 

i 



crown. 



in each year, in lieu of all 



4 



The Collegiate Church of St. Mary is now, like the Castle 

itself, in ruins. What remains of it, though small, is very ^ 

interesting. For some time the walls wei^ much obstructed fl 

from view by the great quantity of earth which hud accu- 

mulated about them* But this obstruction was removed, and 

tlie ruins brought out more prominently in 1825, by the late 

Earl of Chichester, acting in accordance with the advice, and 

under the judicious direction of Mr» Kay, a London architect 

of some eminence. All that now remains of the chapel is a 

portion of the north side, in which is a deep circular arched 

^cess, and a stone tower also circular, with a flight of steps ruu' 

^ up it, the lower part of which only now remains. In 

side wall is a range of axches, supposed to be the backs 



AXD THE raionr of waubleton. 



153 






of the Prebendal stalk. Tlie arch connecting the nave and 
chancel still remains in a very perfect state. A portion also 
of the west^^rn end still stands^ towering above the other waits. 
The length of the 
chiu'ch may there- 
fore be very accu- 
rately ascertai ne(L 
Its width could not 
he so easily deter- 
mined. In a space 
l)6tween two walls 
on the south side 
of the chapel are 
two stoned graves, 
prepjired drmbtless 
ibr the interment of 
two of the deceased 

» canons. This tlien 
was probably a 
fiouth aisle. Below 
the flooring of the 
nave stx:)ne coffins of 
^m great an tiqui ty have 
Bheen occasionally 

^ discovered containing bones more or less decayed. Many 

pieces of the carved stone-work of this chapel are to be seen 

I lying about the Castle banks. Of these some of the best parts 

■ have been thrown together in a lump in the centre of the turfed 
" space. Lord Chichester's exertions deserve the thanks of all 

archsBologists, leading as they Aul to the disclosure of some 
very interesting parts of the Castle; particularly about the 

» original ancient entrance gateway, which was flanked with 
two circular towers, Tlie walls of the Castle are here twelve 
feet thick. 
WiHiani Prestwick, a Dean of this chiipel, lies interred at 
Warbleton, where he probalily resided ami died. A farm iu 

■ the parish is still called the Deanery FLyjm. His tomb, which 
"is in the chancel of tlie church, consists of a slab of marble inlaid 

with Imim^ on which is his full length effigy. He is repreiented 
in the canonical dress of the period in which he lived, and as 




XllL 



w 



154 



THE COLLEGE AXD PRIORY OF EASTING$| 



standing under a canopy ; round the stone of which, on in- 
laid hrass, with the emblems of the Evangelists at each angle, 
is a long but now somewhat imperfect inscription in leonine 
hexamet€rs, and engraved in old English characters. He 
died in 1436, Tanner gives no date to his appointment as 
dean. An engraving and full account of this tomb wiU 
be found in VoL ii,, p. 308 of our Sn^ex AiThaeiilogical 
Collections. His father and mother were also buried at 
Warhlet^n, 

The following is as correct a list of the Deans of this Col- 
lege as can well be made out. It is taken irom Browne 
Willis, the Bishop*s Registers, and other authentic sources :— -_ 

1167— Thomafl a Becket 

1190— Peter. 

119&— Mich&ei 

1302— Giles de Andenafd. 

1 3 1 2— NichokB d© Ferk band, 

1322— Edmand de Loudon. 

1331— ThomtiBdo StAunton. 

1337 — Walter de Lindrige. 

1345— John Wade. 

1359 — tTobn de CkHlyngton. 

1369— Robert Leggatt. 

1 — EcWrt CrulL 
137+— T^llliam de Orysell* 
Ditto — John de Harlestone. 
1383 — Jolin Lyno, 

? — John Nottingham* 
1304— William Windsor. 
1396— Riohard Clifford. 
1393— Gilbert Stone. 
liflO— John Garmoutk 
1408— Henry Hum worth. 
1411— William How, or Hawe. 
Ul5_WilUaiu Tanfield, 
143C— William Prestwiok, diad. 
Ditto— WilHam Walesby. 

7 — John Fowkea. 
1458--John Ktngscote. 
1460 — John Carpenter, 
1635— Richard Brokysbj. 



At the time of the dissolution of this College the endow- 
ment of the deanery was let to Thomas, Earl of Wiltshire, at 
a reserved rent of £20 per annum. 



A second religious house in Hastings was that of the 
Peioet of the Holy Trotity, which was situated a little to 



4 



AND THE PRIORT OF WARBLETON. 



155 



N 

I 

^ 
^ 



the west of the Cliff, on which the remains of the Castle 
5t4ind; and whicli is supposed to have been founded by Sir 
Walter Bricet, K\,'^ in the reign of Richard L It wag an 
establishment of black canons of the order of Saint Augus- 
tine, The Earls of Augoor Eu were very liberal benefactors 
to this religious house, as well as to the College within the 
Ctistle. The site of the priory, which was very low, with a 
haven running up close to it, as will be seen by the map of 
Hastings taken in 1746, and given in VoLxii, p. 196, becoming 
endangered by the occasional overflowings of the sea, and the 
fast increasing encroachments which it was making here, the 
monks were compelled to abandc^n their dwelling, and to seek 
a resting plac^ in some locality beyond the reach of these in- 
undations. For the accomplishment of this an opportunity 
was granted them by Sir John Pelham, their excellent patron 
and friend, in the 14th of Henry IV. (1413), who, coram ise- 
rating their houseless and fiiHorn condition, offered them 
lauds in Warbleton on which to erect a new church and 
priory. These were very gladly accepted, and upon the 
monastic buildings being completed the monks removed their 
establishment to it; and there they continued to reside in 
s^ety until the time of the general dissolution. The letters 
patent from the crown empowering Sir John to make this 
change are given in the Monasticon Anglicunum, from which 
it appears that the king not only gave his consent to the re- 
moval, but that in consideration of the great expenses thus 
unavoidably incurred by the monks, and in aid of the burden 
which the sustentation of the new church and priory would 
bring upon them, the Manor of Mounkencourt in Withyham, 
with the advowson of the church, and ''all the lands, tene- 
ments, rents, serv ices, pensions, and all other commodities 
what^ever, arising out of the same manor," were bestowed 
upon them. These had previously been part and parcel of the 
possessions of the alien priory and convent of Mortein in 
France, but had fallen into the king's hands in consequence of 
a war between that country and England, and are said to 
have been at the time of the estimated value of £25, 5s. 5d. per 
annum. These the prior and convent of **the New Priory*' 
distinguish 



w 2 



156 



THE COLLEGE AM> PBIORT OF HASTINGS, 






successors, were to hold and enjoy, free of all demands from 
the crown for the tcmi of twenty years, cotiimenciBg from 
the 19th day of December preceding the day of the gran 
which was dated October 23rd, 1413.'^ The advowson 
Dtillington, with the manor of Hazleden, in the same parish^' 
but extending into Bm^wash as well, with all its rights and 
appurtenances, belonged to tliis Priory; as did also the 
rectories of Crowhurst, Ashburnham and Tycehurst — that 
of Aahburnhani having l>een apjiropriated to it as early as 
the 21st of Edwd. L (1293), at which time it was of the 
rated vahie of 15 marks, 

Collins, speaking in his Peerage in commendation of 
John Pelham, the re-founder of tliis Priory, says — 



*'That he departed thle life full of licmour r hftving been in the highest fa'roar, 
the nioBt honoumble emplaymentB, under two of the greatest monai^he of 
realm, who were famed for their caurage and all manly virtues, and who raised 
iclory of tiie KnglUh nattan to such a degree as never to be forgot ; bo that it mt 
have bef«n owing to aome uncommon mstanee of gelf^denial that h& was not ranked 
among the Peera/' 



He then goes on to speak of his piety, which, he says, is 
manifest '-from his grant of land and tenements in War- 
bleton — where the family appears to have had a residence 
in the 14th of Henry IV. — to the Convent and Priory of the 
Church of the Holy Trinity in Hastings, for the huilding 
new church and convent in honour of the Blessed Trinit;^ 
the old Priory, fonnded by Sir Walter Bricet^ Knight, being 
rendered uninhabitable by the inundation of the sea< He 
likewise granted thereto lands, called Tomor's lands, in the 
said parish of Warbleton, by his charter date*! June the 12th, 
5th Henry V. Also, in the 5th Henry VI., he lets to farm 
to the said convent his manor of Pelham ( ? in Sussex or Hert- 
fordsliii^), and divers other lands, whereby he was reputed 
the founder of that Priory of Canons regular of St, Aug 
tine, and became the patron," 



i^ 



n^i 



thaff 



Of his son. Sir John Pelham, the same historian says, tha 
" he was as pious as his father, for by his charter, dated at 
Warbleton, Sept 4th, 1430 (9 Hen. VL), he grants to 
Stephen, Prior of the Holy Trinity of Hastings^ and the Con- 



wpat.Uflen.rr.,m. 19. 



AND THE PinORY OF WABBLETON. 



167 






^ 



Tent of the same place, all his hinds, rents, and serrices in the 
parish of Warbleton, which belonged to Richard Leverer and 
Mr. John Waller, granted to him by his father, Sir John 
Pelham; and to the said charter is a fair round seal of green 
wax appendant, viz., Quarterly — in the first and fourth, three 
pelicans ; and in the second and third, ermine on a fess, three 
crowns, and for the crest a cage on a helmet, and on each 
side thereof tlie buckles of a belt, circuniscribed * Sigillum 
Johannis Pelhara.' " This seal is engraved in Suss. Arch, 
CoH. Vol. iii. p 220, in Mr. Lower's paper on the '- Pelham 
Bnckle/' 

This Sir John dying childless, his brother William Pelham 

.became his heir, who also died without issue^ February 24th, 

1503. By his last will and testament, dated a few days 

before his death, he directs his body to be taken to the 

Church of Laughton, and there to have exequies and masses 

done for his soul, and from thence to be carried to the New 

Priory at Warbleton, and to be buried within the chancel 

Aere; and he gives to every church "as the waye lyeth 

^between Laughton and this Priory the sum of 6s. 8d.*' And 

Hbe further orders tliat his executors do, as soon as may be 

Vftfter his interment, set up a plain stone of marble over his 

burial at the Priory, to be graved with his name [crest] and 

arms, and the day of his death* *^ They are also required to 

find a priest to sing within the said Church of Laughton for 

his own soul, and for the souls of his father, mother, wife, 

and all his other friends. He further directs that his house* 

hold be kept at his manor of Laughton till his month-day be 

^past^ on which day he wills that every one of his servants 

Hbave a black gown and their wages, *^ 

H The reversions of these, and of all the manors and other 
Elands belonging to the Priory, were granted by Henry VIIL 

»to John Baker, his attorney-general, and are thus described 
in the deed — ^'' The manor of Hazleden, with its lands, &c. ; 
the rectories of Ashburnham and Tycehurst, and all the 
manors and lands, *S:c., belonging to the New Priory itself; 
all the lands in Burwash, Herstmonceux, Wartlynge, Dal- 
yngtun, Tycehui'Ste, Ashborneham, Warbleton, Mayfield, 



" Hdfsfield'fl " Lewes wid its Enrirtma," ii^ 167. 
^ For 1 pedifre« of tM Peihom^ see Vol. iii, p. 214. 



158 



THE COLLEGE AKD FRIORT OF HASTINGSj 



Ilastinges, IToljrngton^ Bexliill, Westham, Willyngdon, Ewe* 
hurste, Brede, Adyraere, Winchelsea, Ikelshara^ Gestlyng, 
Fareleigh, Westfield, and Crowhurst, belonging to this 
Priory." The churches here mentioned had been conlirraed to 
Ha*stings Priory, and the canons worshipping God therein, 
by Ralph de Neville, Bishop of Chichester, in 1237, at the 
instigation of the Dean and Chapter of the Cathedral Church. 
About three- fourths of the Priory proijerty now belong to the 
noble family of Cornwallis, and the other fourth to the 
Countess Waldegrave, late Mrs. Milward, of Hastings* 

Tanner, misled probably by the newly-erected Priory at 
Warbkton being sometimes called '* the New Priory of , 
Hastings," gives it as his opinion, in his Notitia of HastingSj j 
that the intention to remove this Priory to Wai'bleton was 
never carried out — ^the accommodation required by the 
houseless monks of the Holy Trinity Priory having been tbund 
for them through the cliarity of some well-disposed persons 
somewhere in or near to Hastings/^ In this, however, he is 
mistaken, as we have abundant evidence to sliew. Bishop 
Koliert Keade, in an episcopal progress which he made 
through his diocese in 1412, having visited the Priory 
at Ruspar, is stated to have slept at Cnckiield; and from 
thence to have proceeded to Eastgrinstead, where he held 
a visitation; and afterwards, passing through Maresfield and 
Buxted, to have slept at the New Priory, from whence he 
went the next day to Salehurst, This New Priory must 
have been the Priory at Warblcton, for the Bishop would 
scarcely have gone to Hastings in passing from Buxted to 
Salehurst— Warble ton would have been in his route. Had 
a new priory been provided for the monks near to the site i 
of the old one, the spot on which it stood would surely hava^J 
been traditionally known; some indications of it would have^^ 
reraained^all traces and remembrance of it would scarcely 
have passed completely away. It is true that Horsfield, in 
his account of Ore, a parish to the north of Hastings, tells 
us that its place house was built by John of Gaunt, Duke 
of Lancaster, and afterwards converted into a religious housei 
and that about the premises and grounds relics of antiquity 



1* Mona«t, A»gUciiR. vol, iri*, p. 108. 



AXD THE PKIOBY OF WARBLETON. 



169 



are not unfreqtiently found ; still we have not a tittle of evi- 
Idence to shew that this became the residence of the Hulj 
Trinity monks, unless the house happened to be so occupied 
by them temporarily^ after their old Priory became unt^^n- 
antable, and their new residence was not ready for their 
reception. 

In proof of the Holy Trinity monks ultimately settling at 
Warl)leton, we have besides — firsts the license of Henry IV. 
to Sir John Pelham t.o erect a liouse there for their accom- 
modation, and to remove them into it ; secondly, tlie evidence 
_ of the kind consideration of the same king, which led him to 
^increase the endowment of their establishment, in consequence 
of the additional expenses they had thereby incurred ; and, 
thirdly, the reputed site of the new building itself, which 
still bears ample testimony of a monastery of some kind 
having stood on the sjK>t, It might have been that the 
— patron's intentions were never carried out to the full extent 
Kbe might at first have contemplated, and this may have led 
Hnyphop Tanner to think that no change to Warbleton ever 
^^Sofk place, Warbleton was, in his opinion, too far from 
Hastings for a house there situated to be called at or near to 
Hastings, and to be justified in continuing to bear its name. 
Moss, too, seems to adopt Tanner's notion^ for, in speaking 
of the New Priory, he says that it takes its denomination 
from the establishment of an earlier religious house there. 
He appears to consider the New Priory a re-building only 
of the old one* The fact, however, of the monks' removal to 
Warbleton is indisputable; and it might, notwithstanding its 
distance from Hastings — ^which Tanner calls ten miles, but 
which is much more^ — be still very reasonably called " the 
New Priory of Hastings,*' to keep up the remembrance of its 
^fonner connexion with that town, and to distinguish it from 
Jithe old one. 

It is a singular circumstance that^ in a document of so 
late a date as the survey of Henry VIIL, now in the Aug- 
mentation Office, the New Priory should be designated in 
the heading ^' byside Hasting," which would seem to imply 
proximity to the town. A similar latitude of description 
was not, however, unusually adopted at that period. Rud- 
borne, as quoted by Bishop Tanner, in speaking of Buttle 



160 



THE COLLEGE Aim PHIOEY OF HASTDTGS, 



Abbey, states that King William the Conqueror founded it| 
and lie describes it as ''CBeuobium in honorem Sancti Mar- 
tini apud Hastyng,'' This doubtless arose from Battle being 
an insignificant village only at that time, called, from its 
sylvan situation, ^^St> Mary in the Wood," and HastiugSi 
though some miles off, being the nearest place of any conse- 
quence to it* Or he might have 1>een misled by the old 
chronicler, Malmcsbiuy, who, in speaking of the Conqueror's 
foundation of the same Abbey, says^ — " alterum monasterium 
Ha^tinqes aedificavit Sancto Maitino, quod cognominatur d^i 
Bello/*^ 

All that remains of the buildings of this New Priory is to 
be tnuied in and alM>ut a fiirni house, formerly the property] 
and residence of the Lades, of whom it was purchased by J 
George Darby, Esq,, of Marklye, the present owner. Ill 
stands about a mile and a half eastward of the Church, and| 
half a mile from the public road, on a spot now open and 
picturesque, but which must have been, at the time the] 
priory was founded, in the midst of a large tract of wood 
land, rendering it« site one of great seclusion ; on which account, 
perhaps, it was seleeted^ — such a spot being adapted to the prac- 
tices of the requirements and observances of a monastic life. 
The roads round about it, too, though now in a fair condition, 
must at that time have been so bad as to render the place 
almast inaccessible. In approaching the house, you at on^ 
see that it is no ordinary building which is before you* How 
much of it may be considered a part of the original edifice 
it would now be difficult to determine- but as the south 
front is of stone, and has a pointed arch doorway and mul- 
lioned windows, also of stone, synchronizing with the style 
of architecture pi'evailing at the time the Priory was re- 
moved to this site, there can be but little doubt that 
it was part of the original structure. And as the pari 
running off from this at right angles, at the back, is 
constmcted — the lower story of brick, and the upper 
of timber, the framework of which is fdled up with lath nmi 
plaster — this, I consider, to be a more modern addition. An 
engraving of the ancient part, from a drawing with which 
Mr, M. A, Lower has kindly favoured me — with whom ll 
visited the Priory at the commencement of February lost — 



ice 
caS 



4 



AND THE PEIORT OF WAEBLETON, 



161 



will Ije fonnd opposite. It is a verj accurate delineation 
of the south front. Of the miillioned windows, some are 
filJed up witli brick. It is worthy of notice that, of the 
entrance doorway of this part of the house, while the lower 
part, up to the springing of the arch, is plainly chamfered, 
the arch itself is moulded on each side. 

The rtx)ms of this portion of the house are square, and for 
the most part spacious. At the east end is a parlour with 
three large windows, north, east, and south, two of which 
are stopped. This might have been the chapter-room of the 
Canons. Across its ceiling is an immense beam of a semi- 
cylindrical form. The tire- places, too, of the rooms are all 
of them unusually large. The wide, open fire-place of what 
appears to have been tlie kitchen of the Priory, has within 
it an iron plate, lying horizontally, and raised an inch or 
two above the level of the brick flooring of the room, on 
which the wood was placed ; and 
another, standing upright or 
nearly so, at the back of it^ 
against which the wood rested 
the time it was burn- 
Around this are the Pel- 
ham Buckle and a cross, alter- 
nately. The roof timbers, which 
are of oak, and very substantial, were the produce, pro- 
bably, of the Priory estate. 

The Chapel was a square room, some thirty yards or 
more to the east of the present house. Its length is thirty- 
eight feet, by about twenty feet in width, and its walls still 
rise above the suriace of the soil, in one or two parts, more 
than two feet But though it is now detached, there is 
ample evidence to show that it was once a part of the Priory 
buildings, for, between it and the house, extensive founda* 
tions are still to be traced, as well as across the garden to 
the south of the Chapel ; and, at tlie east end of the orchard, 
parts of this garden cannot be cultivated, in consequence 
of the obstructions which the subterraneous walls present* 
Here are the remains of what appears to have been a long 
pond, but which I should have called a part of a moat if I 
'^luld have found elsewhere any traces of its continuancei 

xni, X 



during 
ing. 




162 



THE COLLEGE AKB PRIORY OF HASTINGS, 



which I was unable to do. On the east side of the floiret 
garden in front of the house, and forming a fence to it. are 
on oast-ht^use and a stiible under one roof, the walls of which 
Bie very thick, and evidently constructed of some of the 
ddms of the old Priory. The oast-house has been lately re- 
built, but the stable is of rude workmanship, and of some 
antiquity. Built into it 1 discovered fragments of the stone | 
muUions of the Chapel windows. One piece had evidently | 
been a part of the sill of one of the windows, as the hole 
remained in it in which an iron stanchion had been fixed. 

On the east side of these, running 1 
east and west, is a cart-shed, in | 
the back wall of which is the 
pointed-arch doorway Iiere repre- 
sented. In the stable, too, are 
the remains of an ancient eniM 
trance doorway. Among the loos^^ 
stones of a detached and ruinous 
piece of wall, just to the south 
of the oast-house, I found thre 
pieces of carved stone capit 
of an early English type, and 
piece of flat moulding. One of 
the capitals was circular, with a plain moulding round it; 
another was square, having floriated ornaments on each of 
its four sides; and the third was a fragment of a half- 
capital and shaft, both of which were ornamented with a 
kind of scroll pattern* These must have belonged originally 
to the Chapel- 
Two human skulls, one of which was dug up on the spot, 
are carefully preserved in an upstairs apartment of the 
house, about which many strange stories are current in the 
neighbourhood. One has been in the house many years ; the 
other was placed there by a former tenant of tlie farm. The 
older one is of a peculiar formation, having tlie appearance 
of the skull of an idiot. Of this skull the general impression 
of the people of the parish is, that if it were to be removed 
the cattle on the farm would sicken, and strange noises be 
heard in and about the house at night. This is said to have 
happened to the tenant to whom 1 have just alluded j 




thre^y 
italifl 

nd f^" 



AND THE PRIORY OP WABBLETON. 



163 



^ 



from that time no female servant would liye in the house- 
A man servant, whom he had hrought with him out of 
Leicestershire, cooked and did all the work of the house for 
him as long as he continued to occupy the farm. This sktiU 
has, however, since been removed, more than once, without 
any very iU effects arising from it*^ The tradition of the 
neighbourhood is, that the skull belonged to a man who 
murdered an owner of the house, and marks of blood are 
pointed out on the floor of the adjoining room, where the 
murder is supposed to have been committed, and which no 
washing will remove. The space under the roof of the 
house plainly indicates the restless spirits by which the house 
is haunted, and from whom the noises, supposed to be super- 
naturaK proceed* They are owls that breed there, and from 
them, in passing in and out, and from their young, anxiously 
expecting their return, with a rat or mouse, or some other 
animal substance on which they are accustomed to feed, in 
their talons, all those tearful sounds and unearthly screams 
srise^ — scaring maid-servants from their propriety, 

Acconiing to Henry VII F/s survey, taken in the 2fith 
year of his reign, the New Friory of Hastings possessed pro- 
perty in Icklesham parish, which, at the time of the general 
dissolution^ passed into the hands of the crown. It is thus 
noticed : 



* Dtjlshftm r^{^' e* firm' ibidem in teniim Willielml Fynche, milit: 

et »lioruTOt P^r annum ***.,»,. 

"Baeoltido Redd: Willielmi Fyncbe, milit; pro tenisjaceDt* in IkyU 



I 



14 2 

1 



N 



The family of Fynche resided at "Old Place House," 
which was situated on the north side of Icklesham parish, 
heliiw the Church. The house is now taken dowUj but its 
site may still l:»e ti^aced. 

A parochial district has sometimes been assigned to the 
Church of this Priory, previous to its removal to Warbleton; 
and in the parliamentary map of the Borough of Uastings, 
the parish of the Holy Trinity is mentiunedj but erroneously, 

•* On ime occasion it woa placed by % prqfari^ liaud in a branch of ei n^igbbourin^ 
t^^ee, whetv it reniaiaed a wbole smnmeir) during which time a bird's nc'st wa^si con" 
f^eted withm it, uid a young htood *tw«earfuUy reiwed,— M. A, L. 

Y 2 



164 



TflE COLLEGE A3fB PBIORY OF HASTmGS, 



for no such parish, either connected withj or independent of, 
this house, ever existed, Jeake, in speaking of Hastings, 
says, '^ it is beautified with two churclics, one called by the 
name of St Clement's, and the other AH Saints. But in 
their costumal^ and some other early documents, other 
churches are spoken of, viz*, St* MichaeFs^ St. Mary of the 
Castle, a hospital dedicated to St, Mary Magdalene, and the 
Priory Church, near to the town*" The mistake here madi 
in calling this last-mentioned church a parish church, n\ 
doubt arose from the Priory being designated ^Uhe Church 
of the Holy Trinity at Ilastiugs;" the term "ecclesia," m 
has been observed by Mr. Stonestreet,^' a resident of Hast- 
ings, and a gentleman well versed in the history of the 
antiquities of the town and neighbourhood, is often used in 
ancient bulls and records to designate a monEistery. The 
term does not necessarily imply a parochial jurisdiction. 
If any such jurisdiction was exercised liy this Priory, it w^as 
limited to its own demesne lands in Hastings and Gensyng, 
which comprised about 192 acres. Such a jurisdiction 
appears to have been sometimes possessed by other monas- 
teries, and is not unlikely to have been vested in thisj and 
such extra-parochial jurisdiction might very apju^opr lately 
have been called that of the Holy Trinity* After lying 
waste many years, the Priory lands are now partially covered 
with buildings; the extension of Hastings westward making 
the part near the sea an eligible sitfi for houses. The greater 
part, however, is still cultivated as a farm, called "The 
Priory Farm," on which the owner, Mr. Wastel Briscoe, has 
a residence, a part being enclosed as a paddock. The part 
built upon is known by names shewing its connection with 
the Priory* 

From the circumstance of the same documents mentioninj 
St, Mary Magdalen — a hospital or alms-house at Ilastin; 
for decayed people of either sex—as a parish, and some 
other deeds, of the date of Henry VL, calling it a Priory, 
we may, I think, fairly conclude that this hospital was, 
iu some way or other, connected with the Priory of the 
Holy Trinity; for, though older records state it to hav^ 



le 

'A 

,1. I 






*» Bw Horsfield's Hiitorj of Sasaet, Vol i., p, 4E1. 



AKB THE rRIORY OF WABBLETOK. 



1G5 



T:>een under the 



^ 



goTernanc€ and visitation of the Bailiff of 
Hitstings, and that the right of nomination to its benefits 
was vested solely in that officer, might it not, at a lat^r 
period^ have been attached to, and under the control of, the 
Priory ? This liospittil was founded by Petronilla de Cham, 
or Chams, of Hastings, who endowed it with the profits 
of five acres of land. The deed of endowment is supposed to 
he lost, hut its contents are recited in a charter of confirmation 
of the date of the 21st of Edwttrd h (1293). By a deed 
of Elizabeth this charitable institution is invested in the 
Corporation of Hastings, who since that time have dispensed 
the proceeds in small gifts to the poor and needy of the town, 
at Christmas. By subsequent additions, and the improved 
rent of the Charity lands, the original endowment has been 
increased to about £H)5 per annum. 

Nothing now remains of the disstjlved Priory buihlings at 
Hastings. *' So complete," says Moss, in his notice of the 
Priory, '* hm been the decay uf this ancient structure, that it 
may almost be literally said of it, that it has now^ scarcely 
one stone left upon another to repeat the story of its exist- 
ence/' ** A few years ago a small portion might be found, 
consisting of the fragment of an old wall built into a granary 
or drying^house, standing as a portion of the south and west 
boundary of a tarm-yard at no great distance from the Priory 
farm house. But this has been lately taken down and re- 
buOt, and all is now gone. Rouse gives a view of it as it 
appeared in 1823, the year in which his '' Beauties and 
Antiquities of Sussex'' w*ere published- Some of the mate- 
rials have evidently been used in the construction of a large 
bam and hovel, and in the enclosure walls of the yard. In 
removing, some years ago, the mud from an old pond near to 
these remains, and which must have been in some way con- 
nected with the Priory grounds, a large excavation was 
discovered at the bottom, whicli, upon being measured^ 
was found to extend to the depth of thirty feet or more. 
Portions of a sluice, with its flood-gates, were also brought 
to light, the whole being formed of timbers of a large size. 
These are supposed to have been the works of the monk@| 

** Moi^ HUtorj of HMting?, p» 73 J i^»*l HonMti Angh, m the account gf thia 



166 



THE COLLEGE A^T> PRIORY OF HASTKGS, 



and intended to protect their bouse from the ravages occa- " 
sioned by the overflowings of the sea. So frequent do tbeee 
IniindationB appear to have been in early times, and so 
destructive the consequences by which they were attended, 
that the Dean and Canons of tlie Collegiate Church within 
the Castle petitioned Edward II L, in 1333, for leave to 
repair the Castle walls, to secure their Chapel against them. 
How their Chapel coidd be so endangered — standing, as it 
did, four hundred feet above the level of the sea, and at that 
time at a much greater distance from it than it is now — is a 
difficulty whicli has never been cleared up- Some have 
applied it to the Priory, while others consider it to have had 
reference to a chapel below the cliff. But to whatever 
church the petition may apply, the fre(]UGiicy of these devas^y 
tating inundations, for three centiu*ies after the establishment^ 
of the Norman rule in this country, is quite certain. It i^^ 
sheivn, not only by the necessity which arose for removing 
this Priory to a more inland place on this account, but from 
the fact of all that part of Hastings which stands near to 
the Priory, and which, erected on a portion of its demesne 
lands, is designated after it, being built on a deep bed of 
Bhingle- There is also ami>le evidenc^^ tliat, at the time this 
Priory was founded, the laud around it was covered wi 
wood, a portion of the vast forest of Anderida, which mui 
at that time have come close up to Hastings; for, at low' 
tide, when what is usually covered with water oppt^site th^^j 
Priory houses is left dry and exposed to view, it is found t^^| 
consist of a black-looking deposit, in which timber of a large^ 
size is found embedded— the soil taking its colour, as i^j 
supposed, from the decayed veget^b^e matter which it eoiij^| 
tains. The course of a thick hedge has been distinctly^i 
traced, and hazelnuts are occasionully found in it, with theii 
shells in a very perfect state. This subterraneous timber 
in so sound a state, as to be capable of being worked up intso" 
trinkets for sale, by the Hastings mechanics, 

Tliat two religious houses, standing so near to each otlier 
as Hastings Priory and Battle Abbey, should be somewhat 
connected in tlicir endowments, we cannot be surprised to 
Und, Such a connection would be the natural consetiuence 
of their proximity to each other. The principal benefactors 



of 

lis I 

M 






AND THE PRIORY OF WARBLETON. 



167 



■ell 



religious house would be the owners of property in its 
[iinTnedjEte neighbourhood, and so we find it here* These 
Itwo raooasteries seem to have had benefactors in common; 
be illustrious fimiiiies of their founders, the knightly fiiraily 
l>f Hoo, and the noble fumily of Hastings, successive owners 
fof the Lordship of Hastings, being found among those who 
contribnt^ad liberally to their support, in some instances by 
Jonations of land, in others by land given to the one being 
charged with a payment to the other. This is manitest 
from the Battle Abbey churtulary. 

Of Hastings Priory no chartulary is known to exist; and- 
of its deeds all that the '^ Monasticon Anglicanum" gives, 
ai*e the lett^ers authorising its removal to Warbleton, and an 
abstract of the vjiluation of the property it possessed at the 

ktiiue it was dissolved.^^ 1 am able, however, to refer to a 
few charters i-elating to this Priory, and once evidently 
among its deeds^ of the history of which I know nothing 
more than that the originals are, or rather, at the time of the 
publication of Nichols' ^'Collectanea Topographica,"** in 
which they are given, were^ in the possession of Stacey Gri- 
maldi, Esq., F.S.A*, at his residence, at that time in Ox- 
fordshire. They appear to be all of one, and that a 
very early, penod; for a very ac<:urate date, Mr, Nichols 
teUs us in his preliminary obervations, may be assigned to 
them, from the identification of names occurring among their 
witnesses with those of men whose date is well known. Thus, 
^Valter de Scotney, one of them, was, we know, contemporary 
with Seffrid IL, who was Bishop of Chichester from 1180 to 
1204; and Peter de Scotney, tbe grantor of one of the char- 

iters, and the witness of two others, calls himself the son 
of this Walter. Some of the other witnesses, too, may be 
identified as l)elonging to the same aara, thercliy affording us 
a connecting clue to the date to which they belong* The 
substance of these deeds, divested of their legal form and 
|)br9seology^ is as follows : — 
By deed 1, Henry de Palerne gave to the Church of the 
Holy Trinity at Hastings, and its canons, the tithe of the 
Lcom of his demesne lands at Langport; having in view, in 



*• Ted. Ti., p. 168, 



** Vol Ti,, p. lei. 



168 



THE COLLEGE AND PBIORT OP HASTINGS, 



''J 

1," 



doing 80, the salvation of the souls of John, his father, his 
own soul, and the soiils of all his ancestors and heirs. Ont 
of this the canons were to pay to the Church of St. JIary. 
at Bourne (Eastbourne?) 2s. per annum only* From con^ 
tributing to this grant the tenement of Gilbert, his official, 
is specially excepted, so long as it should continue in his own 
occupation* The witnesses to this deed are — Peter, formerly 
Dean of Hastings; Edmund and Justin, priests; Vincent,^! 
clerk; Edmund Fitz-Alani junior; Walter Scotney, t^ndlH 
others. To this deed a round seal of white wax is appended, 
having for a device a Hon rampant The motto is im- 
pertect, the parts between brackets being missing, but it 
evidently was — 

[SIGILLVM. HE]NKICI. DE. PA[LER^'E] 

In the valuation of Pope Nicholas (1291), the temporali 
ties of the Prior of Hastings, at Langford, are rated 
6s. 8d. In the valuation of Henry Vlll< the name d( 
not occur* 

By deed 2, it appears that Elias Fitz-Gilbert, of Rye, 
sold to the same canons, for tkree marcs of silver^ fifty acres 
of wood, lying between the land of Gerard de la Flcsham and 
that of Ralph de Ycklesham ; and two acres of land lying 
adjacent to this wood, and near to the land of William de I 
Kethenore, which lands he had from Ralph Borne, the lord, 
and which he resigned and quitclaimed to them for ever, ia 
his court The witnesses to this deed are — John de Geste^H 
linge, Ralph de Yckelsham, Peter de Scotney, James Fitz . . ,,^^ 
Edmund Fitz- Alan, and others. The seal of this deed is gone. 

Deed 3 is endorsed ^^ Michael be Hastinges/' By it 
Robert de Cotelcge, the son of John de Oxenel, gives to th^J 
Church and Canons of St Trinity, Has tinges, his right olH 
advuwson and presentation in a certain portion of the Church^ 
of St. Michael, Has tinges, the tenement occupied by Michaelj . 
tlie Dean, for his life being excepted, And this he did for I 
tire salvation of the souls of himself and all Ins ancestors. 
This deed is witnessed by Helyas, Dean of Dallingtune; 
Richard, chaplain of Ticehurste; Ralph, parson of Icklesham; 
Master Gyles de Burne ; Henry Fitas Aucher, the son of Richard 



AXD THE PRIORY OF WABBtETON. 



169 






coDstable, at the tinie, of Hastings; James Fitz-Alard, of 
ITindielsea; Godfrey, his son-in-law; William Fitz-Eobert, of 
Hastings; William of Gensinges and others. The seal 
of this deed also is missing, but the green silk cord to which 
it was attached remains. 

By deed 4, Ralph de Ychxesham confirms to God and 
the Church and Canons of the Holy Trinity, Hastings, for 
the salvation of his own soul, and the souls of his ancestors 
and successors, one hundred acres of land, lying in Hopernot, 
in each side of the highway from Hastings to Rye, to be 
held of him and his heirs in perpetuity, and free of all claims 
whatsoever by payment of one pound of cummin annually to 
him, within twelve days of Christmas-day. This land is 
described as lying between the land of the Castle of Hast' 
ings, the land of the fee of St. Ledger, the land de Hulnec, 
and the land which Benedict de Gestelinges held of hira. 
Adam was the Abbot at this time, to whom, and to the 
canons over whom he presided, he warrants this land against 
all persons, male or female, for the payment of one and a-half 
marcs of gold. He then provides against any future con- 
tingencies which may arise from a want of power on his part 
warrant this land; in which case he declares that he gives 
it to them in exchange for other land of equal value* As a 
ratification and confirmation of the transaction, he set his 
seal to this deed of gift in the presence of John de Geste- 
linges; Walter de Scotney; Henry, his brother; James Fitz- 
Alard, of Winchelsey; Edmund Fitz-Alan, jun., of Hastings; 
Ralph, parson of Ycklesham; Bertin Fitz- Sampson, of Gest42- 
linges, and others. To this deed a round seal is appended, 
an inch and a-half, or therealjouts, in diameter, on wliich is 
impressed a knight on horseback clad in chain mail, and 
having a long sword drawn in his hand, around which is — ► 

SIGILL. RADVLPHI.de. UICLESHASL 

^^t is attached to the deed by a parchment label. This Ralph 
^Beems to have been a considerable l>enefactor to Battle Abbey 
Hlis well, four or five deeds of gift to that Abbey being in* 
"eluded in Thorpe's catalogue, p. 41, among the witnesses to 

which some of the Canons of Hastings are to be found. See 

also Waldron, ante p. 84j et seq. 

JUL T 



I til 



170 



THE COIXEGE AND FRIOBT OF HASTINGS, 



By deed 5, the same Ralph de Hickxesham, and his 
heirs^ ratify the gift which Robert the merchant, the son 
of Guido, raade to the same Church and Convent of the Holy 
Trinity, in pure and perpetual alms, of all the marsh-lands 
which he purchased, as well of them as of others in their 
fee* These lands consist of six and three-quarters Flemish 
acres, which this Robert bought in the n€!i¥ marshes of 
Ycklesham of Hugh Fitz-Hardnothe; and five and three- 
quarter acres of the same measure^ which he bought of 
Lambracht ; and one such acre, which he purchased of An- 
selm ; which lands he declares shall be held by them freely 
and peaceably. He also confirms to them the lands which 
the same Robert bought of him, to be held by them as the 
deed testifies — viz,, tliree English acres of kud, which Robert 
bought of him for three pounds, in his marsh of Hope, paying 
one shilling sterling annually, within the octave of St. 
Michael; and six English acres of the land called Hothcr- 
nooke, which was situated between it and the cross of Hastings, 
which he gave to this Robert, and his heirs, in consideration 
of his service, for ever; he paying out of it annually a half- 
penny within the same period. By the same deed he also 
yields up to them, for ever, the way through his land to their 
own land* For these giiTts Abbot Adam and the Convent 
appointed him, his ancestors, and successors, to be partakei's 
of the benefits of the Priorj * The witnesses to this deed 
are — Ralph, the parson of Ycklesham ; William Soloman, and 
Walter de Lindherst, two chaplains of the same Ralph ; Wal- 
ter de Scotney; John de Gestelinges; Robert de Hastinges; 
Vincent de Burne; John de Farelie; William de Gensinges; 
Jacob Packe, of Hastings, and others. A portion only of the 
fractured seal of this deed remains. Like the lm% it was 
attached to it by means of a green plaited silk cord. In 
1291, the temporalities of this house at Icklesham were rated 
at 6s, 8d., and, in the 26th of Henry VllL, at £1 14s. 2d. 

By deed 6, Henry, Eael of Eu, granted and confirmed 
for ever to the same house and canons, the churches of St. 
George, at Crowherste, and of St, Mary, at Ticehurst, and 
all that belongs to them, as the deed of Walter de Scotney, 
the donor, testifies. The deed is witnessed by Walter, pres- 
byter of German viUcj and William, his clerk; John of Burne; 



AlfD THE PBIORY OF WARBLETON. 



171 



I 



Gilbert St Audoen; Ralph de Augo; Guido de Pilo cervino; 
Festinus de Merle ville; Almandus de Granden; Giletus Tltz- 
Giniber, and otliGrs. Part only of the Count's seal remains. 
The material of which it is coiu pissed appears tx> be a mixture 
of green and white wax, ami it is appended to the deed by a 
string of green and white thread. On it is impressed a 
figure of the Count on horseback. For an engraving of this 
seal, from a more perfect specimen published by Moss in his 
" History of Ilastings/^ p. 92. See plate of seals. 

Deed 7 is the grant alluded to in the preceding charter. 
By it Peter de Scotney grants and confinus to the Church 
of St Trinity, Ilastinges, and to the canons worshipping God 
therein, the donation which his father, Walter de Scotney, 
had made to them of the Churches uf St. Mary at Tice- 
hurste, and St* George at Crowhui*ste, with all that apper- 
tains to them, in pure ami perpetual alms, and free of all 
secular demands, ibr the salvation of the souls and bodies 
of himself and his wife Matilda, of his father and mother, 
and of all his relatives and Iriemls, alive or dead; upon this 
condition, that the priests ministering in these Churches be 
chosen in common by the Lord of Crowhurste and the Chap- 
ter of the Church of St. Trinity* And if the priests of these 
churches, so chosen, shall be found incomiietent by the lord 
of the soil and of the parish, he shall not be removed, nor 
shall a more efficient priest be appointed, except by the 
common consent of the same lord and chapter. By the same 
deed he further gives to the same canons, in exchange for a 
rent of 16s. contained also in the charter of his father- 
six acres of land in Ticehurste, lying in front of the entrance- 
gate of the Priory, beyond .the king's highway to the west, 
and extending in length along the same highway to the 
river- He also contirms to the same canons the land of 
Waterdune, the meadow under the Castle, the salt-pan 
of IIoo, and the tithe of all his salt made throughout Eng- 
land which he then had, or might at any time thereafter 
possess. The names attached to this contirmatory deed as 
witnesses are Hugh, parson of Elham; William de Mon- 
ceaux, the then constable of Hastings; William Morvin; 
William de Haltnne; Oliver de Westtield; William de Gen- 
singes; William de Bolun; Peter de Monceaitx; Gilbert de 

T 2 



173 



THE COLLEGE AXTl PRIORT OF HASTINGSj 




Gensingcs; Kichard Fritonden, and others. The seal ap- 
pended to this deed is round and of green wax, and about an 
inch and a-haU' in diameter, I ni preyed upon it is the 
Sootney coat of arms, with the legend 

SIGILL- PETEL DE. SCOTENIE, 

around it. 

We learn from Domesday that Walter Fitz-Lambert^ who 

was a benefactor to the Chapel of the blessed Mary in the 
Castle, held, at the time that survey was made, Crowhurst 
of the Count of Eu, and that he gave a virgate of land there 
to the Abbey of Battle. He, then, was the direct ancestorjJ 
of the Walter and Pet^r de Scotney who am here mentioued^^B 
Their territorial designation is taken from an estate in 
Laniberhurst,^ their place of residence upon it being called 
Scotney Castle. They were a family of some considerable 
distinction. One of them obtained an unenviable notoriety^ 
having been tried and hanged at Winchester in the year^J 
1259, for administering poison to Kichard, Earl of Glouces-^B 
ter, and his brother William de Clare, from the effects of 
which the former died,*^ The arms of the family, as they 
are displayed on this seal, are not emblazoned in any of the 
ordinaries which have fallen under Mr, Nichols' observation. 
Tanner, quoting from the Episcopal Registers at Chichestejr^ 
of the time of Seffrid IL,^ says that the Churches of Crow^ 
hurste and Ticehui*ste were confirmed to the canons by this 
bishop, as the gift of Walter de Seaton, which is a manifest; 
error for Scoten, the abbreviated Latin word for Scoteney, 
In Pope Nicholas's taxation (1291) the Church of Ticehnrs^ 
is rated at £26 13s. 4d., and the vicarage of the same a1 
£8. In Henry VIII/s valuation the rectory of Ticchursi 
is stated to be £10 13s, 4d. At the former period the 
Church of Crowhurste is called a prebend, and is rated at 
£4 6s< 8d,, and the portion of the Prior of 1 1 listings in the 
same at £2 13s. 4d. In the 26th of Henry VIIL, all that 
the Prior received from Crowhurste was a rent of £1 Is., 
called ^' Mede-rent," 



» Hwrii's " Hifitory of Kent,/' pp, 380, S83. 
■■ Bee ToL vu., p. $2. »? C, foL TO, b. 



AM> THE PRIOHT OF WARBI^ETOKp 



173 



The 8tb deed is called a chyrograph, or deed in two parts, 
of which each party to it holds one, and recites an agree- 
ment entered into between the Abbot and Convent of Bat- 
tle on the one part^ and the Prior and Convent of IlASTmas 
■ on the other; hy the terms of whicli the Prior and Convent 
of Hastings were to receive the tithes of Boreselle, in the 
parish of Ticehurste, which the sacristan of Battle had been 
heretofore accnstomed to receive, upon their paying him Ss. 
per annum within the octave of St Martin (Nov. 11th), 
npon the great altar, without any contradiction, difficulty, 
or delay. But should it so happen that the 2s. were not so 
paid within the time appointed, the Alibey sacristan liad full 
power to re-enter on the possession of the tithes, as if they 
had never been separated from his office; and any expenses 
he might be thus put to were ordered to be repaid to him by 
Bthe Prior and Convent of Iliistings, full restitution being 
^made to him of all they may have received. And, that 
there might be no receding from this compact, but that both 
parties might feel themselves bound iully and fairly to carry 

tit out, the seals of the Bishop of Chichester, and of the other 
contracting parties, were set interchangeably to it; the 
witnesses being — Kichard, Cliaplain of Ticehurste; Master 
John de ,..-*.- ; Godfrey de Wesenham, and Ernisia, 
clerks to the lord Bishop of the diocese ; Matthew, gatekeeper 
of Battle Abbey; Vincent, servant of the Lord Abbot of 
Battle, and othei's. No part of either of the seals affixed to 
this deed now remains. 

The 9th deed is a composition made between the Prior 
of Cdmbwell, in Kent, and the Prior of Hastings, in settle- 
ment of a dispute which had arisen about the tithes of some 
land in Ticehurste called Colinton. As any disputes in 
ecclesiastical mattei's have a tendency to estrange the hearts 
of men tVom the church, this deed commences by a recogni- 
tion of the right attaching to all pious men to use their best 
endeavours to bring them to a satisfactory conclusion. With 
regard to the tithes in question, the Canons of the Holy 
Trinity Priory muintained tliat they belonged to their 
church as a parochial right, they being the owners of the 
Churcli of Ticehui'st, which assumption was denied by the 
Canons of Combwell. The matter was therefore referred to 



I 



174 



THE COLLEGE AND FRIORT OF HASTOiGS, 



end to 



br decision, as the delegates of the Pope, wl 
an end to it by an amicable adjiistraent, with the fuE 
sanction and consent of the Chapters of both Priori^ 
in tbis way— The Prior and Convent of Conabwell were to 
give lip the great tithes accruing from three acres of land 
formerly held by Ralph Fitz-Emeric of the canons of that 
house, as a part of the demesne lands of Combwell ; and the 
tithe of the herbage and pannage of their wood at Colintoo, 
together with one penny due for Rorae-scot^^ for a house 
standing on the same land- They also demised to the same 
canons all the right they had in the Church of St. Peter, 
Hastings, to be possessed by them for ever, in the same man- 
ner as they bad possessed it< And the Prior and Convent 
of Hastings warranted all these things, as far as it was in 
their power to do so, to the Canons of Combwell against all 
men, by means of this composition, so as to make tbem of 
perpetual validity. Both parties then renounced all actions 
heretofore entered upon, and all further recourse to law, and 
engaged, efich with the other, firmly and faithfully to observe 
for ever the agreement hereby entered into; in testimony 
of which, the seals of both chapters are appended to this deed, 
made in the form of a chyrograph* It was executed at 
Hastings, December 15th, 1240* What portions remain 
of these seals are too much broken and defaced to be very 
accurately described* In the Isonm return for the parish 
of Ticehurst, two holdings are mentioned as belonging to the 
Prior of Combwell, which are described as not sown the year 
the return was made, the ninth of which is stated to l>e 
worth 18s, 8d. The name Colin ton does not occur in any 



" Rotn<*'Scnt wa« a leot or tdbiit©j paid yearly to Eome« of one penny by ersrj 
fiimily or hoQ^eliolcl in tlili eonniry. It w&i ^metitneJ caUed Peier-^peuee^ fttim ^bk 
eifOQiniilAnoe of its being colleLied on the day of St. Peter aA viucala. It i^ vtati?d by 
ioBi« to have b«£«n CirKi grunU^ bj Ina, K.ingf of the Wnfft Stuioxifi. in 725, upon tha 
ooourion of a fiilarimage which \ig mudi) in tliat year to Rome, uxkd not to tuLTe been 
wholfy ftbolbbea until the l»t of EUmiWtbi ^Thilo others, among whtjm is Atfter, AftAtrft 
it to mire had its origiD in the gift thai Kthi^lwulf made of -itX) niancn^se je^trb' ta 
Home — 100 of whieb were to bo appropriated towards supplying the lampf or SkJ 
Piiter'fl with oil on Kaater eTO, another HJO to the same pnrpoiM at 8t* Pjiur», and th«l 
Temainiug 100 to tbe uae of tb<* Pope himself* Although manca and matic^iaa ami 
need, according to Bpehnaoj by early birtopianB promiBcuoTi»ly for the same moni?j| 1 
they wen*, he tella lUf dijtincl Bii:ion eoinj», and of ditierent value. Marica was &j 
square ooin of gold, of tbo valoe of thirty pence ; whil>> u ma^cusa wa« Gained at ei^ 
flhilUuffB. DnoiLtigf tnakoa ths value of a man^a ^fty ^billings ^ and tho Legt Cftnuti 
that of a maufmsu a mark of ciker. ManeuHa is suppoijed to have taken Its name froi^ 
mAnU'CUfla — made hy the Itaiid. 



AND THE PKIORY OF WABBLETON. 



175 



I 



maps that have fallen under my notice. It is^ how- 
be found in the old Ordnance map* Combwell farm 
arge wood called Combwell wood, both of them in 
Kent, are so placed as apparently to be in the parish of 
Lamberhurst, 

Tlie^e are all the deeds I have been able to discover 
1>earing on the endowment of thi& Priory. They appear to 
have fallen into Mr. *Stacey Grimaldi's hands accidentally. 
Thorpe mentions, at page 92 of his Catalogue that, among 
tlie endom^ments of tlie Sacriiatan of Battle Abbey, were pen* 
^Bions issuing out of the Priory of Hastings and the Rectory 
Hcf Warbleton, 

H In VoL vii. of the same *^ Collectanea Topograph ica," 
"p. 118, Mr. Nichols gives " a muster roll of the Rape of Hast- 
ings," of the date of 1340, which is entitled, ^^ Armyd men, 
as well horsemen as footmen, of the Rape of Hastings, anno 
13th of Edwd, IIL, taken out of the Booke of the Ahbye 
of Battele (the fy rste Booke)," The deed from which it is 
extracted is in the College of Arms, London, marked L. 17, 
and appears to have been written about the time of James L 
1 The original is probably in the Webster chartulary^ now in 
Hthe possession of Sir Thomas Phillipps, Bart. The following 
^are the number of men contributed by each of the religious 
houses, having either property or being situated within the 
Bape: — 

*' The Abbot of Bc^hatriT for xx^ of land in Bokeknd atid Kedienhmiii, 1 man nt 
Arms. The Abbot of Feacampe, for xxx^ of land io Bredef 1 matt at arms aad I 
HobetarT"* or lij^ht^hoim^maD. — Hobelcrs were ge no rally t^nnniat who were boutid hf 
their tenure, aioong otbe? scmce?, to maioiaiii a little light horae, with whi^^h it 
wa« tlielr duty to give notice of idvusjoq as qtiickly as pos^ible^ or, iniiced, anj 
othef peri! arising from the approatch of an cnen],y on the ?ea Rirfe, They were 
required to be "ad omnern motiim agiles," &c,-^'*Tho Abbot of Eobertabridge, for %U 
of land in Fodeland park, Odi hara^ Wertbe, and other land&i y men at artnfl. The 
Prior of Hasting^, for yiii>^ of land m Bokeahull, Monkmeaae, and Eccbine (Etch* 
L f ), j Hohiler, 



No surrender of this Priory and its lands, nor any Minis- 
ter's accounts, are to be found in the Augmentation Office ; 
but, among its Monastic Records, there is a survey of the 
demesne lands belonging to it. It is without date, but was 
evidently taken some time l>efore its dissolution. It is as 
follows, and is the only genuine account we have of the 
property, and its value at the time^ which the Priory then 



176 THE COLLEGE AKD FEIOBT OF HASTKCS^ 

vomemcd* Mr- M- A. Lower, who knows the property we! 
iiilbnils me that some of the lands incladed in it may still be 
identified in Warbleton by the names here given to them:— 



t of tbedoiMne load* iMlo^KittK t^ the New Priori«, t^jiide 1 
FInt, tfa* rito «r iitpation of tbt Fnorit, witli dovnrai. gBniena, and ^ 



UoR, Om anvpH dcae, tbfiee mcxm, mA la. 3d. One mex% d^ Gd lleiB, the MMijvg 
itld, iMT MTKp »t 1i. the mcr% U. Itooi, t^ Ooonjng Ytrihe fyid^ «ijc fteraa, il 
1«. tb» «ier«i «■. IteiB, the Wjiaeffjrlde Imd, iixtf Kn», 10ft. 1t«m, the Bta-m^ 
l^lde^ »ix KTo^ «t Ik Id. per ■£!% 0ft. 6d. Ilcn^ Moffk}'^. with the mugh gmand, 
mx K?rw, 2a. 4d, Ilem« Coekdiote; one Mere, It. ; Hempffjlde, twelve Bcrea, ISib 
Itetn, Ckrblate tamde, wjld gnNtnd, for^ mc^m, $•» lteai« Feri]r«if]r1de, twelve ectcs^ 
»«. IteoL PellMm gvdicD, two ttcrea, S«, Item, the Umae, fanx mtm^ 2s. Bd. Iteis^ 
Bodeduide, twelve asoi^ 4i^ Itmti, Wcbb*'^ acd EiiinrUtte, twenty wcn% 6iL 84 
Kirhiiie-wjthe, three ftcraA, 2a, Item, Tenyppe. Kucll, and BmbTTde^ tweslr 
fter^A, IBe. 4d. Item, m wmter-iAyQe, lyinf usocig&te the Demeuift, £1. Iteoi, 
Btevjm-onjelie^ ooolejiiiDg sutevo aci«% IOl 8d. In iMlljQgtotir item^ the manot 
<ti UMcadm, MS 6a. 8d. It«ii, SaTjiie, ilglit fterai, ftt It. 4d. per ecre, 10k Sd. 
Item, ft f|ld? allied HdppeeelJe Wy^he^ atid » psroell ar grooud lying beevde Stoney- 
ImmpIc, cooteynittg twelve mctes^ at Is. per acre, 13k Id H^stmoDhente^ and 
Warlt}!!^: Item, erf Ctulthur^t, in tbe parudiei ol Hentmonberftte and Wartlyng, 
cont^ynifigt bj eitimatioD, eighty acrea, ai Ik pa- acre, £4/' This purvey it lagned 
'* per Johaimem Moral, per William Oavendym, Aaditorok" 

King Henry VIlL's valuation is as follows : — 

**Eent of the Bwrtaiy of Tywhurst*, £10 13k 4d.; ditto, gf Ashbtimliam, 
IS 13«. 4d; valoe t>f tbe drtne»ne land* of tbt* Prior^ for th<* use of tbe bouHs 
AIS 10k; ©f Aulae Beftte Jn Burwawbe, £1 4*^ 0cL; of Reuifi iti Her&temoinjwi, 
7k Sd. ; lo Dallyi^giPn, £1 1b. 5d. ; in Tysebursie, 1 7k 2d.; in ARBbbunibftra, 6«. H.l 
In Warbyltoia, 1^ ; io Mnyfidd, £2 He, StL ; in All Snintj, Hastings Xi 8k ItJd.; im 
8L aementk ditto, £2 Sk 4d.; iti St. Michaelk ditto, £8 2k 2tl, ; in HollvTigion. 
£* Oi. ed, ; in Bi^bill, *2 13k 4d. ; In We^tbam. 9#, ; in Wyllyi^don, 2s, 3d. ; in 
Ewhorete, 4k Id.; in Brede, ItM. ; in Odymerc, XI lOs. 2d.; ill Wjnebel&ea, 8d. ; in 
Ikilsham, £1 Ms, 2d.; in Gestlynge. 7e. 4d. ; in Farelye, 4k; in Weetlietd, 
£1 1^ lOd.; in Crowbonte, £1 Ik Total, £Sl 18k 3d, OutgoingH, £6 9k6|d. 
drnt value, £50 Ss. B^. 

Land of the value of £2 Is, 8d. per annum, in Pease- 
marshy is stated in this valuation to have been lost to the 
Priory at different times by the overflowings of the se^. A 
portion of it was let to John Austin, for £1 6s. 8d,, and 
the remainder to John Aeston, at 15s. per annum. In 1488, 
the New Priory was exempted from taxation, on account 
of its poverty. 

There are records in the Bishop's Registers of four visita* 
tions of this Priory — one in 1441, and another in 1442, by 
Bishop Praty- a third took place in 1473, by Bishop Storey; 
and a fourtli in 1524, by Bishop Shyrborne, From these we 
learn somewhat of its state at these pEirticular periods. In 



Am> THE PEIOEY OF WAEBLETOK. 



177 



t 



1441, four canons and one celerer are reported as resident in 
the house; and the next year, besides the Prior, but three 
canons, and no celerer- A complaint was brought against 
the Prior of negligence and extravagance, on which account 
he was enjoined to reckon with the Chapter once in every 
year, under a penalty of 100s. to be expended in supporting 
the Cathedral Church of Chichester ; and to take care that, 
for the future, his clear expenditure did not exceed £40 per 
annum. The house was stated to be twenty marks in debt ; 
which, according to the following year's account^ had been 
reduced to ten, a hope being expressed that^ by the industry 
of the Prior, the whole might be liquidated before the end 
of that year.^ 

In 1473, the visitation report enters more fully into the 
tate of the Priory at that time* The Prior complained 
of Thomas Greene, vicar of Dallington, that he kept, for the 
purpose of appropriating them to his own private use, two 
cups of gold, of the value of 46s*, which had been entrusted 
to his care; that he refused to celebrate with the other 
canons twice in the week, though enjoined to do so by the rides 
of the house ; that he held the common seal in his private 
custody, and had availed himself of it to let certain lands 
and houses without the consent of his brethren; that the 
roofe of the vestibule, campanile, and chancelj had been 
suffered to fall into a state of considerable decay ; and that 
instead of four, and occasionally five, resident canons, inde- 
pendent of the Prior, they were then reduced to two. 

In reply to these charges, the vicar of Dallington stated 
that the seal was not in his custody, but in that of the 
Prior; that, with regard to the two cups being illegally in 
his possession, they were held by him as a security for 40s. 
then due to him from the house, and that for so detaining 
them he had the free consent of John Kemp, the predecessor 
of the present Prior. 

In 1524, three canons and one novice are reported as 
resident in the Priory, Nothing of any particular moment 
was brought before the Bishop in the course of this visita- 



xnr. 



» Beg: E,, foL 71-2. 



z 



178 



TBI COLLEGE AND PRIORY OF HASXmGS, 



tion. The only charge made by the Prior against any in- 
mate of the house had reference to Thomas Mother, one 
of the canons, who was reported to his lordship as being 
frequently absent without leave from the house^ and, though 
summoned to appear at this visitation, he had left the house 
to avoid doing so, of his own accord* Robert Jonys, too, 
another of the canons, complained that he was not treated 
by the Prior with the same civility and kindness as the 
other canons, and that the novice did not scruple to employ 
himself in creating discord between him and his brethren,^ 

The following list of Prioi"s is as complete as I can wellj 
make it out: — 



He IB Btetad to have b«eii 




Adam. GrimiiMi'fl Dcedi* 

1266. — Thomai. Monaat: Atifflican: 

1400.— Kichard Weston. Epi&o: E^., Beade, foL 79* 
«l^ted from Micbelliuii Priory. 

140S. — Jotm Haasok : Epigc: Begt, whefe be le reported ^ki have resigned this jeu** 
in ooneoquancc of infirmittee wbiob prevented his adbering Btrlctly to 
the rule of tbe hoiine* An a pension » be was allowed, for the remaindef 
of hh life, a rent of forty Bbilling* per annum, chafged on tbe moooT 
of Himeldeu, in Dallmgtoti and Aflbbumham, into whoacsoever handi 
It xnigbt fftlL 

1410,— EiobaH Weston. Episc: Reg: 

1416.— Stephen Monkton. ditto, and Sir John Felham^s C?harter. 

144L — Stephen Lewes* Episo: Beg; 

1459,— John Kempe, ditto, 

147g,.^ohii Smith. ditto* 

1531.— Thoinad Harmer, ditto. 

The endowment of the Prior in Crowherste was £311 3s. 4d. ; 
in Ickelsham, 6s, 8d. ; in Newham, 6s. 8d. ; in Hastings, 
13s. 4d., and rent, £5; in Northie, 133. 4d. ; in Iseldune, 
£1 6s* 8d.; in Langforde, 6s. 8d. Total, £40 6s. 8d. 
Prior de Hastings is stated, in Pope Nicholas' taxation, to 
possess, in Crowhurst, property of the value of £2 13s. 4d. 

The only seal of this Priory that I have been able to dis- 
cover is oncj evidently of great antiquity, which I met with 
accidentally in a folio volume of drawings of ancient seals, 
made by that celebrated antiquary Sir Elias Ashmole, and 
preserved among the books in the museum which he founded 
at Oxford. It is marked, "Ash: 833, folio 348." The in- 
ficription which it bore is almost entirely broken away, but 



** Beg; C, Shyrbom©^ foL IS, K 



AND THE PRIOBY OF WARBLETON. 



179 



Sir Elias gives it as "Sigillum Priobis et Conventus 
S^^ Tbdotatis de Hastinges," to which he adds, "sine 
dato." An engraving of it forms the tail-piece of this paper. 
The drawing from which it is taken is probably unique. 

In conclusion, I beg to express my thanks to the Rev. G. 
E. Haviland, Rector of Warbleton, and W. Durrant Cooper, 
Esq., F.S.A., for their assistance in the preparation of this 
paper. 




z 2 




PROTESTANT REFUGEES IN SUSSEX. 



By WILLIAM DUBRANT COOPER, F.&A. 



The policy which induced Edward IIL to gire cTery 
facility for the settlement of Flemings in England, and to I 
benefit by the knowledge of arts and manufactures possessed 
by foreigners, has always been looked upon with public favour. 
In the reign of Elizabeth, however, another and most impor- 
tant element was added — the desire to afford an asylum to 
those Protestants, whether Walloons or Frenchmen, who fled 
from the oppressions of Spain and France — and this religious 
element was again in fall force in the days of Charles IL 

Rye was a port greatly frequented by passengers to the 
Continent, and it not only received many of the Walloons, 
but, being the nearest port to the French coast, it attracted 
most of the fugitives from that country. Hence we find that 
this town was conspicuous for its number of foreigners at four 
of the most important periods of their immigration to this 
country.* Firstly^ The Huguenots, during the first religious 
war in France^ in 1562. Secondly^ During the third civil 
war there in 1568, Thirdly^ At the time of the massacre of 
St Bartholomew, 24th August, 1672 j and Fourthly^ After 
what is tenned the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes, on 
22nd October, 1685. 

Many of the descendants of these refugees have continued 
in Sussex down to the present day ; and 1 propose to give to 
our Society such particulars as I have been able to trace of 
the events and the families. 

^ T1i«fe ii A Flemish mflcriptioii for ft £T«[wer» earUer tliiJi ftaj other notioe of iimni- 
gTAMU, at Pkjdcn< See Soicex Aick Gdl., VoL nii p. W. 



i 



PROTESTANT HEFUGEES IN SUSSEX. 



181 



I 
I 



r 



The first intimation of the religious war iji France, and of 
the attacks upon the Protestants there, is to be found in a 
letter dated 27th May, 1562, from Sir Kichard Sackvilie, of 
Buckhurst, who was at Rye with the Lord High Admiral 
(Lord Clinton) and other Commissioners of Sewers, looking 
after the coast defences, 

'* Yt may lette you S^- to understand that thys ^cxvij*" of 
May, my L. AdmyralP my L Cobhaniej* and whe, the rest of 
the Comyssyoners* dep*tyng about iiij, a cloke at aft' none to 
T^^ynchelsay, and so to Hastyng y^ nyght, and y' next day 
to Pemsey, and by Code's grace^ y* next day to my poore 
cottage; there came a passenger out of Fraunce from Depe 
j' declared to us y' y* day y* he came from Depe, be^g yester- 
day, there was at Depe a grete conflycte betweene y* P'tes- 
tantes and y* Papysts, and CL, of y* P'testantes slayne^ and 
y* Capten of Depe sore hurte, and he sayd y' y* Duke of 
Guyse was fearyng their mynds with a gret nomber, he in- 
t^nde^ xx,^ tbousandT besydes ayde y^ should come from y* 
Kinge of Spayne, y^ y* matter of ayde or y' great no'ber by 
y* Duke of Guyse, my L Admyrall toght to be but a mar- 
ryner's meloys, and so browght ov'' by another raarryner, but 
the matter of y* CL. slayne he sayd was to trew, as he harde 
y* declared of many. I pray Grod sende you lessur to have 
tyme y' you may take y* sens of y* better ayer of Ashedowne 
and so leve to truble you no more now, by cause of y* hast of 
Mr, Doctor Wooton's man, the bringer herof ; but that to 
adv*tyse you of this myche, that whe have had such p*sent- 
ment of the jury for the bessynes whe cam for, y' whe trust 
good successe shall follow, w^** yo'' helpe, to the honer of y* 
cuntrj% to Ry towne and Wynchelsey ; and so wyshe you w*** 
all yo" ev^ as well as I wold to my self; scribled in hast thys 
xxvij of May, at Ryi 4 of y* cloke at aft' none, 1562. 

In all yo" to my power, 

RYa SAKEVTLE. 

My L. Admyrall makes hys most harty comendacyons to 

■ S. P, O, Dom. Elisstl^, Vol, Tmj. Art. 30. 

^ Edward, Lord Clinton and Say (afUrwanlH Eoi^t of LinGoln) wat made Lord High 
Admiral 20tlj March, 1554^ and continued till 1585. 

* Sir WilJiam Brooke, Lord Cobhain. and Lord Chamberlain of HorMajestj'aHotiio- 
boUl, was Lord W&r den of the Oitiqae rorta. 

* OommiaaioBeri of Bowers^ 



182 PROTESTA^rr HEFUGEES IN SUSSEX. 

you w*^ my L. Cobhatne, and Mr. Chancelor of y* Duchy, mi 
praysse you to make y* same for them to my L, of Pembroke, 
wherin 1 pray you forget not me; and to tell my lady Clyn- 
ton y* my L. Admyrall takea syche paynsse here in fierussing 
the crekes and m'she dikes, y* I fere he wyll come hoiae 
myche iener then he went forth. 
To the right honorable S' WiU'm Sycill, knight, 
M' of the wjmles and ly yerieSi and chief 
secretorye to the quenes Ma*^^ be theis/' 






h — The massacre of the inhabitants of Vassy, as the Duie 
of Guise passed through the town, caused such irritatian that 
the Prince de Cond^ took possession of Orleans, and the war 
commenced. The loss of Calais was still rankling in the 
minds of the English, and of their Queen, and the ready dSr 
sistance of Elizabeth was secured by a treaty negociated by 
the Princej for the delivery to her of Dieppe, Havre de Gras 
(then called Newhaven), and other places in Normandy, till 
Calais should be restored. The treaty was signed at Hamp- 
ton Palace, on the 10th September, 1562; ten thousand 
pounds were borrowed of the City of London, and immediate 
preparations were made at Rye and other ports, to fit out the 
6,000 troops who were to join Cond^ and garrison New haven 
under the Earl of Warwick** On 11th September the Queen 
directed the Mayor of Rye to prepare vessels to transport the 
soldiers, and on the 18th she ordered Armigell Waad to take 
the muster of 600 soldiers there, to be transported under the 
command of Edward Ormesby ; and on the 23rd, of 600 more 
for service at Dieppe, Sussex provided 400 men. The 
Canterbury men arrived altogether unfurnished with arms. 
Armour, however, was provided, and by the 28th the men 
were sent off. On the 15th October, there was another 
muster of soldiers, who arrived at Rye under the command of 
Mr, Waldegrave; they also were embarked: and then Mr, 
Waad left the town, after ordering an account of the armour 
remaining, which gave great offence, as interfering with the 
privileges of the Lord Warden J 

* The E»rl TTiw appointed to commaQd the tr&opa on lafc October, 1662. bat MB* 
<^uld not set out at once. Sir Andrew Poynin^a, tlien Go^^crnor of Portsmautli^ wa», <Mi 
tl^ 3rd Oektber, giteti the command till the arrivjil of the EiirL tBjDierJ. 

f t,emoii*fl Cat, of Stato TapcrB, temp* Kliz., p. 208. 



PBOTESTANT REFUGEES IN SUSSEX. 



183 



I 



^ 
^ 
^ 



The first place attacked by the Constable of France (Mont- 
morency) was Rouen, inhere the Earl of Montgonieri com- 
manded, and wliither Sir Andi*ew Poynings had seat some of 
the English force-S. We have, in the following letters, a viyid 
acc-onnt of the fall of that place; of the excesses of the French 
soldiers; of the delivery up of Dieppe without a sti*uggle; and 
of the flight to Rye of more than 500 French. The lettei-s 
are all written to Sir William Cecily by John Young, who was 
Mayor during that year,® 

*^ T' maye please* y' bono' to be advertised that M"^ Wade 
is dep**** as this daie towar<ls London, aod at his depture he 
praieiBg me that yf any letters came to hym irom yo' houo' 
that I wolde open them, and to consider them to the best 
of my power so to do* And, to advertise yo' bono"" with all 
diligence, yo'' bono' may be assured, withe God*s helpe, that 
M' Ormesbe, and all the companie that were at Depe with 
him, are at Newe haven at this p'sent, for M^ Wade did not 
depte from Rye untill he had p'fett advertisement thereof, 
and so he declared unto me hymselffe. And as for the shippes 
which dep'ted out of the Tarames withe her grace's p'ission 
for Newe haven, y* may please ya'' hon'^ the winde bathe bene 
Yery good this vj daies; trusting in Almightie God that they 
are there in savegard^ except any misfortune, wliiche God 
forbidde for his mVies sake. And as I was there weighting 
there came a passenger (boat) from Depe. I examyned dyvers 
of them, who declared unto me that all the captaines, with 
Aeir men, were shipped awaye as yesterdaie to New haven in 
a shipp of Captaiu Rcbaude, very well appointed, withe other 
shippes, unto Newhaven; and they sale that the Captain of 
Depe and John Rebaude goeth withe them also. And they 
have saied that there is iiij thousand of the Guyses men be 
come of Arkes (Arques) Castell, and ther comethe moore 
after them, whiche also cometh to Depe. And more, I asked 
of them what number they supposed were lost at Roan? 
They saie that the number was great, but the Englishmen 
and the Scotts they cutt them all in peces, and Monser 



* He was alao Mayor in 156&— 6, auil 15(57—8, Eh family rotnaiin^d in Bje till the 
suddli* of ibe 1a«t mfatury. Ffunoie Yuusn wia a Jimi in 1704. A Mx-s* J^^ Youmg 
wuboTied in 1721. 

* Dom^tftic, 1&6% Tolt UT» Att. 29< 




184 



PROTESTAIO* BETUGBES IK SUSSEX* 



Monggomrie escaped cleare awaie, and sent his letter tmto 
Depe, demanding of them if they >vode kepe the towne, an^^ 
he wolde he bounde to bring them iiij thousand men^ whic^H 
they refused, and saied they wolde deliv' y' nnto the kinge,^^ 
and a great number of po^ people is come to this towne this 
dale. And I asked them what newes from the Prince of 
Cundie^ and they saieing that there was a ma'' of Depe with 
the Prince w*^in these vj daies^ and saieth that the Prince i^^ 
in Orleannies yett, and muche people ahought that cyti^H 
whiche are thought not to he his frends. And as for Monser^" 
Dandelot,*"* they here not whear he is. Thus I beseche God 
to send yo"^ hono"^ good lyffe and longe, to indure to Ms good 
win and pleasure. From Rye, the last dale of October, 
Yo' hono'B moost bounden, 

JOHN YOUNG. 
To the Right Honorable S' Wiir 

Cissell, Knightj and Principall 

Seacretary unto the Queue's 

most excellent raaiestte, gyve 

this in hast Hast, hast, hast, 

post hast; hast, hast^ hast, 

with all diligencep From Rie, 

at one of the clock, after none," 



The letter had been gone but two hours when another boat 
arrived, and the mayor despatched a second epistle. 



"Pleaseth yo' hono'^^ to be advertised that this dale, at iij 
of the clocke, after none, came from Newe haven a bo 
of this towne, w*** certen men, whome I examyned of news 
from thence, declaring nnto me that my Lord of Warwicl 
with all his companie, landed upon Thursdale last (29*^ Oct^^ 
and also the vj hundred sowjers whiche went from Ria 
More they declared unto me, that ther was great murder don" 
at Roan, and M'^ Captaine Leton (Leyton), with his men, 
gott into the castell ; and others saieth againe that he went 

1^ Dundnlot ivuni^phew of Montmorency, ftod bfotket ofColignj; liG liad been in 
prUoned for d<?clEiring *MKe eacriSoe of the mMs an abomination/* bntrelea««diifle 
C>otifl&ntin|f ih&i mo^a abould bt; imid in his pr^a^uc-e. Ho auLsequcnlljJoinedtlie Prinze 
de Condt 

" Domertic, 1663, Vol ixr., No* BO. 



4 



FBOTESTANT REFUGEES IN SUSSEX. 



185 



I 



N 



over the water with vi] score of his men, but where he 
became is not yett knowne, so he is much to be feared, *- 
And also they have declared that the queue's pyunes and the 
Brigandeer is brent, and they knowe not as yett whether the 
Prince be comyng or not ; but, God be praised, all o^ men 
are well at Newe haven, and they heare as yett of no comjng 
I of any power against them. Other newes I have not heard 
of as yett. And thus the Almightie Glod p'serve yo*^ Tdsp 
w"" increase of bono'". 

To*" honor's most bounden, 

JOHN YOUNG- 
To the Right Honorable Sir Wil- 
liam Cissell, Knight, and prin- 
cipall Seacrytory to the Queue's 
moost excellent maiestie. Hast, 
hast, hast, post hast ; hast, hast, 
tast with all diligence." 

The refugees still continued to arrivej and to cause much 
difficulty to the good iblks of Rye to find them sufficient 
provisions. The new comers brought with them additional 
information. In the next letter, two days after the preced- 
ing, the mayor obtained from a person, who was present at 
the capture of Rouen, the details^ which I am able to con- 
trast with the account given by Monsieur Castelnau, who 
was with the attacking party. 

"In my humbill manor, right honorabill,*' it may pleas 
yo^ hono^ to be advertysyd. This daie about iij of the clock, 
in thafter none, arryvyd here, in one passag, Monseu"" De 
Veles, Lyueten* unto Monseu'^ de Force, of Depe, w*^^ dyvers 
other concellers of Depe, and many other symple people 
of that plac, who I have examynyd, and lerne by him that 
this daye comythe and maketh entery into Depe Monseu'' 
Momorancy, and takitbe order that all the people ther shall 
lyve after ther owne cunseyence, but yet they shall have 

" til 4 kilter of tlie 9th Novamberj Mr> Young reports tliat Mr^Leyton was aiiire and 
m Briaotter, tbtjagh very sore hurt, 

SHI* 2 A 



186 



PROTEST^VKT REFUGEES IN SUSSEX. 



ix . 



neither p*chers or monsters; and aU the people ther haT6 
submitted themselves unto the king* I do further lerne byj 
the s*vant of the said Monseur de Veles, ivho came froc 
Eoan nppon Frydaye last, was ther in all the siege and 
app'hcnseon^ that the towne was gotten in this man':^^ 
Upon the xxvj*^ of October last, in the tbnione, abont ix 
of the clock, the assaut beganne, wher in the trenche on 
the one side laye Englysh men^ and on the other side Scot- 
yshmen, w''^ contyneued iintill xij of the clock, and then they 
made entery, when the Englyshe and Scotyshe men were 
sleyne to the nnmber of vj*^ Englyshe, and not savyd^J 
above xx% amongst whom Mr* Killigrew was takyn, soi^dH 
hurt, and greatly feared to suffer death*** After V^ entery 
the Aliueynes and souldiours all that daye destroyed man, 
woman, and childe. And after the king, the quene, the 
Guyes, the Constabill and the others were entered into Roan, j 
the said Guyes and Constaldll, calling before them the bui'- 
gyes and souldiours before them, demanded of them how they 
durst here armo'' against ther king; to whom they said it wa 
done by the chef gouerners of Roan against ther willes, and 
inforced so to do by them ; when then they all were comandedl 
to yelde uppe all tlier armo"" and weapons^ untyll the king^i 
further pleasure were knowne. 

In the after none that daie the Constabill hymself inquire 
B,ftev Monseur Mongoul>erye's (Montgomeri) wife; fynding 
her and salutyng her, said he was sory her husband was suche 
a disorderyd p'son against his king, and that the king had 
p*dnyd her, willing her to repair to her lodging and attend 
nppon the queue the next mornyng, and know her further 
pleasure^ I lerne further that M"" Ley ton escaped from Uoan 
in company of Monseur Mo'gouherye. And as the garde 
of Scottes attending upon the king did declare that Monseur _^ 
Dandelot should enter into France w^ ten thousand Almeyne^H 
and that the M'shall of St Androwes (St> Andr^) was gone^ 
to mete w^"" hym w^ sv thousand souldiourSi Further I 
lerne by hym, the Prync of Condye was returnyd inte 



^* A itibteqtietit T^pdrt on the Oth itatea Wm to be rtill a. priBoner in Boqcd, aiid 
''bait of one of Lis foto/' Jolia Marjdiun^i who ba4 also been takan priaoncTj lud 
boon r«isoiiied» 



PEOTESTANT REFUQBBS IW SUSSEX. 



187 



^ 



^ 



e^ and that the King of Naverre is a lyve, hot hurt 
in the shiUder, and lye the in Roan at the howse of the Bailiff 
of Depe.-^ More I lerne, the Gujes w^'' a gretothe sware and 
wjTshed ten thousand Englysbe were in Depe ; and further, that 
daily is very grett p'parcon of mea towards New Havyn. 

It may pleas jo* hono^ ther is dnily grett resort of ffrench* 
men, in so much as alredy is estemyd to be v^ persons; 
and we be in gret want of corn for ther and o*' sustentacon, 
by reason the couatrey adjoyning is barren, That it may 
pleas yo** bono' some convey ey en t order may be takyn, the 
wheat her remeynyng may be solde her to o"" grett comfort, 
at reasonabill pryces, by the owners thereof;^'' and for the 
Brytten sliipp and men, what shal be done wtb tbem? for I 
lerne also ther be certen Bryttons a brode adventuryng 
against us and the ptestants of ther owne coutreye. 

Also it may pleas yo'' hono\ after night and this daye is 
come ij shippis of Depe iut^ this baven^ full of meny people; 
^whereof the one being bounden towards Ncwhavyn, and 
having in English s4>uldiours, could not sett that place, and 
wold have returoyd to Depe agayne but o"" soldiours 
forcde the raaryns to bryng the sliipp hither to Rye, and the 
other is come w^^ people of good zeale for sucor,*^ That it 
wold pleas yo"* bono'' I might know yo'' pleasur herein^ for the 
owners be not known, and the shippis be bandsome and ser- 
Ticeable. 

Herenclosed Capitaine Rybold hath in humbill man'' sent 
unto yo' bono'' certen articles of agrement made betwyne the 
French King and tlie people of Depe. I also furtlier lerne 
the m*sst4?r of Roan and chef conncellors be put to dethe, as 
Monseur MandrewiUe, p'sident, Monseur Handerfelle, Nayell 
G>tton, and many others; w"^^ shippis I have stayed here in 
Vnmt of Englyse untill I raay know yo"" further plea- 
Mr, Brasshe' Howard, the bulk here, laden w'th come, 
and I intend w'** the next fay re wynd to send to New 
Havyn, m M"" Wad willed me to do, heaving not otherwise 



I Mon 

■ Cott 

m 



" Aiitliooy of Boujbcin, King of NavBrro* The wouud fror^^ mortal. Uis infant 
*mi, the future Henry IV., was rftftred by his mother to be the sapport and glory of the 
Pn>t*ffltaut cau3L% though bis fathj-r tni^t biH duath in the riuLks of tJie Catiholicf. 

" Cedl baa marked^" alra'gf's to find the monuy.*' 
' C^tfil hns miurked — " To stay in gaod toaner yo shippa of Depe," 

2 A 2 



188 



PKOTESTAKT REFUGEES IN SUSSEX, 



p'sentljr, but humbly beseching ya^ bono'* to consider o'' need* 
Ml things concernyng the p*misis, 

I pray to (Jod for yo"^ p'sperous estate w^ increase ol 
hono'^ and felycytye. 

Wrytten at Rye, the second of November^ at v of the" 
clock at night, 1662- 

Yours most boiinden, 

JOHN YOUNG- 
To the right honorabill S; Wiir 

Cicill^ knight, and principall 

secretary unto the Quene's most 

excellent maiestie. Post hast; 

post hast; hast with all dili- 
gence/* 

The account giTen by Mons. Castlenau, Baron de Join 
ville,** who held a command in the French army, and was 
present at the siege, gives a somewhat milder description of 
the executions and murders, though he admits the pillage to 
a fearful extent. First the fort of Saint Catherine was taken, 
and then the King and the Duke de Guise tried to negociate 
a surrender, but the town obstinately refused, and the King 
of Navarre having been mortally wounded in the fosse, it was 
resolved, having made a feint, and having set fire to a mine, 
to take the town by force^ as was done; for the Duke da 
Guise, having carried and seized the ravelin of one gate, and 
lodged several companies in the ditch, (where he had a lai^ 
number of young lords, among whom the Duke de Nevers, 
and many others of the French nobility were killed or 
wounded) — the besieged were constrained to abandon the 
rampart ; seeing which, the Duke de Guise, who was ready to 
carry out his promise to take the town in a very short time 
(two or three hours), whenever he should be ordered, sent an 
equerry to the King, to know his pleasure. His Majesty J 
trusted all things to the decision of fortune; but begged and^( 
commanded, if it were possible, that the town should not be 
pillaged, but on the contrary, that everything possible should 



^> Memoiri de Micliel da C&atelnau; Fet^t^ia Golleotionj 1st Ser. toL 83t 



PROTESTA^T HEFUOEES IN SUSSEX. 



189 



I 

I 

I 



l>e done to insure that the officers and soldiers^ bj promises of 
honours, rewards, and extra pay, should abstain from pilkge. 
The Duke de Guise did thus exhort them to obedience to the 
royal commands. The soldiers soon entered the town, and 
immediately set themselves to pillage. They broke into and 
sacked the houses, and put a ransom upon the people's heads* 
The Earl of Montgomrey was sayeti in a galley which was in 
the river; he promised the slaves their liberty* They having, 
with great difficulty, forced their chains, he escaped, as did 
others in other vessels. A few of the soldiers, who remained 
in the town, were taken prisoners (says Castlenau) but not 
many were killed. Three or four of the principal inhabitants 
of the town were hung, among whom was the President, 
Mandreville, the Sieur de Cros, who had delivered up Havre 
de Gras, and the Minister, Marlorat.*® ^' Thus, this great 
and wealthy city, full of all sorts of riches, was pillaged for 
ihe space of eight days without any regard to the one religion 
or the other; and this in spite of a proclamation made the 
day after the capture, that every company and division of 
whatever nation, or faith soever it was, should upon pain of 
death, retire to the camp, and go out of the town ; which was 
little obeyed, except by the Swiss (who have always main- 
tained and do still maintain strict discipline and obedience) ; 
they carried away no other booty save a little bread and 
things to eat, and cauldrons, pots, and other utensils and 
vessels for their own use in the army; but the French 
would rather be killed than quit the place whilst there 
was anything left/'^ 

Rye continued to be a favourable place for the dispatch of 
troops. The sheriffs were ordered to complete their musters, 
and on the 3rd November, Cecil directed the Sheriff of Essex 
to send 300 men to Harwich, and 300 more overland to Rye, 
to be transported to Newhaven.-^ The same day there was a 
forther arrival of fugitives from Dieppe, and a fortunate 



** Mr. Yotmg'i Ictt^ givei additicviuil uamea. Ten of tl)« principd Hflgaenota wot9 

**• Compare tMs with the captnr© of the Emperor of CTiiua's summer palace, and it 
woidd i^m that three c^jituries haFo not materially aJteriid the character of troop** 
3^ Ikimetftic Klisab^ih, No^?* 



190 



PfiOI^STAKT REFUGEES IK SUSSEX. 



arriTal of a Remishship, driven in by a stress of weathe 
and laden with armour for the enemy. 

^ In most humble mauer mare y' please yo"" bono'' to be^ adJ_ 
Tertised that the thirde daie of tbis present mountb, at xij. of 
the clocke, there arp'ed a bote from Depe, w*"" frenchmen, _j 
women, and children to the number of a hmidred and fiftya ^ 
(here being a great uu'ber also whiche were here before)^ and' 
i examyuing them of newes from Depe, they declared unto me _ 
tliat Momorancie^ w**" iiij hundred soudiers, very well ap*f 
poiiibedt were entred into Depe, as upon mondaye last past; 
who, withe all his companie, were well and quietly receyvedij 
And he calling before hym the cheife of the towne then ther 



itnH 



being present^ w*^ the r^t of the said towne, declared unt^ 
them the King's pleasure, but what it was I ame not certifie 
thereof." But this tkey do report, that he is fully deteruiyned 
to p*pare all the shippes there at Depe and to send them fourth 
to mete and stopp "" Inplishe Tittallers from going to New- 
haven; and also that the Guyse (as they saye) intendeth 
withe his armye to goo unto Xew haven." 

And after referring again to the two ships brought in from 
Dieppe by the soldiers, the owners stiU remaining at Dieppe/* 
he proceeds : — ** lUso the third daie, lieing very foule wether^ 
came in here a fflemyshe hoye, wherein is viij, dry falls of^ 
armor, and daggs, w"*** flasks, tucbboxes, graven morions verjH 
faer, certen suites of male, a number of pike heades, and fyve 
hundred pikes, whiche, as the fflcmings saye, shold have gone 
to Depe, and I called tor his charter p'tie; I se y* nothing 
mencioned therin of any kinde of ware ; but to be delivV 
at Depe^ and no name neither of the m'chaimt that sent y*^ 
nor to any ma' of Depe^ but to the receyver; and the receyve 
for the kinge there is here at this p'sent time, who decl 
unto me that he knew nothing thereof- 

Beseching yo*" hono*^ tliat I maye know yo"" pleasure hefein, 
bothe for the Frenche shippesancl also for the armor being in 
the Fleming. Also I have sene by his charter p'tie thath^^ 

** On ihe lOtli lie wrote that Konttnor©Dcy, At hh entrance, de4;kn?d tbat h^ wi^d 
hurt DD nuui, nor make any spoil, but eaUed apon them io peowQ ^h&mmlv^% true uul 
fttitUful to their Pifiaoe. ^ 

" They had beea relenaed befoFs tlije 10th, 



PEOTESTANT KEFUGEES m SUSSEX. 



191 



shoWe have fiftle frenche crownes for liis fraite. Beseching 
yo"" honor that it may please you I maye knowe from you yo*" 
pleasure therin. Also we do here that the Guyse do p*teud 
proclaime warre against Englonde, And thus the 
""Almighty God p'serve you in helthe, withe longe lyffe, and 
I increase of hono""* 
H Yo^ hono^^ most bounden, 

■ JOHN YOUNG. 

™ From Ryej the fourthe of Norember, a''^ 1562, 

I To the right honorable S' Wil- 
liam Cissell, Knight, and prin- 
I cipall Seacrj'tory nnto the 
, Quenes most excellent maiestie, 
in hast, hast, hast^ hast, hast^ 
hast, with diligence." 
Mr. Young acknowledged, on the 6th November, the re- 
jteipt of an order of tlie 4th, for *' taking order for the French 
people," and of a letter to be delivered to the Earl of War- 
wick, at Newhaven ; he also informed Cecil that Monsieur do 
Fors, Mr, Rybaud, and Monsieur de Veles, would repair unto 
the court immediately ; that he had shipped 65 barrels of 
Eye meal to Newhaven, and hoped to put 20 quarters of 
wheat meal in casks, to be also sent At nine o'clock on the 
9th a passenger arrived from Newhaven, who reported that 
the Ringrave and Lord Warwick had had an interview on 
the sands ; the King and the Guises remaining at Rouen ; the 
report Ijeing that the Lord President (who would have come 
away but for bad state of the weather) had agreed with the 
■iRingrave that whoever were taken prisoners of either party, 
Hsbould not lie killed, but that ransom should be taken for them. 
HOn the 11th arrived from Newhaven Monsieur Sancte Marie, 
^with one of Monsieur Devidan's gentlemen, who wentstniight 
l^to Court, to report the coming tight between the Prince of 
■Conde, Monsieur Dandelot, and the others from Orleans with 
"the Duke of Guise, and the Constable who had gone up to 
Paris. On the 10th December another boat arrived Irom 
Bieppe, with ^'maney pore people, as men, women, and 



192 raonsTAaT xntJOSBS nr sussxx. 

diildreiu whiche were of Soan and Deipe." It does not ap- 
pmr that any krge namber of refbgees reached Bye suhee- 
qiuHitlT to thi:^ period; bat single passengers brought news of 
the doings in France* and e^Moally of the battle of Dreoz, 
fought on the 19th December, in which each of the two 
generals ( the Constable and Gmdi) became prisoners to the 
opposite party ; and Mr. Toong duly reported the news to 
Cecil. 

The effect of the battfe was to put an end to the first reli- 
gions war. and by the Edict of Amboise, in March, 1563, M 
liberty of worship was granted to the Protestants within the 
towns of which they were in possession on that day. Thef 
were so far satisfied that they abandoned the English alliance; 
a riolent storm in February dispersed 30 sail of ships, sent 
with labourers to the assistance oi the Earl of Wanrick; the 
plague broke out and his troops suffered greatly, so that he 
could no longer hold Hayre; and with the consent of Elin- 
betlu he capitulated on the 28th July, 1563, and returned to 
England.^ The articles of suirender were agreed upon by 
the Constable, and William Pelham, a Sussex man, of dis- 
tinguished gallantry,^ who had himself been wounded in the 
siege, and who became one of the four hostages for the due 
observance of the articles. 

I have not found any list of the persons who came at this 
period from the Netherlands, or of the 650 reported to have 
arrived from Normandy. The register of burials helps us to 
a few names. We find there entries of the burials in 1563, 
on the 25th June, of Adrian Adrysone, a Hollander; on 31st 
July, of Henry Johnson, a Flemynge; on 1st August, of Ba^ 
bery, the wife of Gylse Douthylla, a Flemynge; on 12th 
August, of William Pet, a Flemynge; on 17th September, of 
Francis Blyteman, a Flemynge; on October 1st, of Phelypp 
Bussard, a householder. Frenchman ; on 3rd, of William, a 
Flemynge, from Jone Jacobson's house; on 8th, of Christen 
Shard, and Peter le Grant, Frenchmen; on llth, of Garrett 

^ The plas^e followoci the army to Engknd t &ye itself felt it much, 765, or nearlj 
^ght times the ayera^, died in the year, of whom 105 wore buried in Auguat, 298 in 
BoDtumber, aud 1C8 in October. 

'* lip iMJcame a field-marshal, and died, after many signal services, at Flnahing, S4Ui 
NoTembcr, 1087. li'rom him desoendod the Pelhams, of firocklesby. 




OTESTANT REFUGEES IN SUSSEX, 



Boljskjn, a Fleiu) ng, and John Peyheble^ a houseliolder and 
Frenc'linmn. 

From tlie registers it appears that many of these emigre^ 
remained at Rje till the next period of suffering in France^ 
though the uames are not very fully givcn^ as their own 
ministers often j>erfonued the ceremonies of baptism and 
marriage. 

11, — In 1568 the third civil war in France began. In 
August news arrived in England of the overthrow of the 
Protein tan ts in Flanders, and of the great rejoicings made by 
the Spanish ambassador, to celebrate the event,^ and on the 
2nd Oetober, Lord Cobham wrote to Sir Wm. Cecil, informing 
him of the arrival in Rye of Monsieur Gamayes, with his wife 
and children and ten strangers, and also of Captain Sows, 
r with his wife and two servants, who had all come out of France 
[as they said, for the safeguard of their lives; the Prince 
being in some force by Rochelle, and the Earl of Montgomery 
in Picardy, with 1,500 horse and 5,UU0 foot. Edicts had 
been published in France whereby the exercise of the reformed 
religion was utterly forbidden, the professors removed from 
public offices, and the ministers of the word commanded to 
depart the realm within a fixed time, Elizabeth not only 
, sent a hundred thousand angels and munition of war to thB 
Protestant.^ b^it ^^ entertained with all kind of courtesy such 
French people as fled into England; as idso the Netherlanders, 
of whom a great nuiltitude had withdra^vn themselves into 
England, as to a sanctuary, while the Duke of Alva breathed 
notliing but death and blood against them; who by the 
Queen's permission, seated themselves at Norwich, Colchester, 
Sandwich, Maidstone, and (South) Hampton, to the great 
benefit and commodity of the English ; for they were the first 
that brought into England the art of making those slight 
stuffs, which they call l>azes, and sazes, and other such like 
stuffs of linen and woollen weaving."^ 

A list of those who tied to Kye, and were resident there 



*T Camilen^B EUsttbetk Book i. p. 110.— On ihe SStli Pebnmry, 1^S9, Piui V. imn^ 
hu BuU, declaring ElkaWb a licreticii and abiohed hm itubje^U horn alli3^miLc«. 



XIIL 



2 B 



^^m 194 PROTESTANT REFUGEES IN 


SUSSEX. ^^1 


^^M on 28th Marcli, 1569, has been presevered amoRg the Cotton 


^H MSS.,^ and I now 


print it entire : — ®* 


m 


^^H The namefl of all strangon (French), Flemynge% and Wnllownet, witbin her Mnle^tieplH 


^^H towti of Rie, tiiken 




of the said (town), Edw^idV 


^^^^^H^ Mirldelton, maior of iier MaleBties town of WiDchelsey, ami lliomiia Wtlftsid ^ 


^^^^H Esquier. C&ptaLn of her L'aiitlll of the Camber, in tbe Town HnU of Bia 


^^^^^F aforesaid, tb^j xjtviijfh dait; of Marc he, in the eleventh yere of her bigbfiei.^ 


^^V T&lgn, A" D'ni, Um :— 


■ 




MlNlSTERa 


■ 


^^H HonB^ S' Fawlo, of Depo 


Mona*^ Jauob Cardiff of 


Moiis'Nt<ssTellierj of Rue ^ 


^^H Hotis' Hector Bomon, of 


PoHteau 


Mom* Todaaiutes, of Plauoe 


^^H BaoayiJe 


OF ROAJf. 


m 


^^H Motii' nuvcrmenll 


Nie* T>auaye 


Antboine Dehayes ^H 


^^H Motis' BelapLaoe 


Willm. Synnohoii 

OF DEPK, 


John Torsie ^M 


^^^1 Kic. Denvias 


Lawranc Mane 


¥nien LadTetiauni^^^l 


^^^H Mons'^ Beverger 


Mathew Fform 


John le Round ^^^^| 


^^^H Jaqut>s ThomflA 


Kic» Massling 


Dennis Cham ell ^H 


^^^H Lewee d« Mompetk 


Vlneeut MassHn 


Gannam Duvit ^H 


^^^H ThomAB Goven 


L«wefl de Stantomen 


Jal7.afie ^H 


^^m Nic. Mojrte 


Gill mm Acman 


Lee ciiTinounytsr ^H 


^^^H Miles Desgrayne 


Cati^» Bore 


John Ic JeuTie ^H 


^^^H T^icr Gubrin 


Olawde, clerk 


Oilhim de Ffenure ^1 


^^^H Jnmcs Har^^ll 


Marten de Bmban 


Gil lam Bymetie ^H 


^^^H Gavan Duvall 


peter do Sers/JTifl T 


George Betiae ^M 
N^ Demoye ^H 


^^H Willm. Butfihcf 


Allen Harrie 


^^^H Ho^or Kcquit 


Jamefl Le Vile 


Plcn; Lament ^H 


^^^H James Bartjo^ 


Co pen Marten 
GiUifim Adam 


John David ^H 


^^^H Charles InfaQt 


Nic. Ca}'lot H 


^^^H John Symou 


DavLe Boynyn 


Ro^er Morrru ^H 


^^^H Robert Marten 


Jaquee Poy90Q 


Anihoine Betlyii ^| 


^^H WilJm. Adam 


John Cliamoyn 


Pw-wCO Bohonlet H 


^^^H Alex* Legraund 


Pim^ do Frairea ? 


John Be age ^H 


^^^H John Cajme 


Loya Valloys 


Adrian le Cotrot ^H 


I^^^H John Debellon 


Rob* Diifore 


John Jitm (7) ^M 


^^^^L^ Willzo* Acman 


Gilliam Rymers 


Jaques le Ffevie ^H 


^^^H WALLOWNES AXI> FFLKMTKGKS.^ fl 


I^^^^^H Ghrietophar dc Vallojs James Jelli?re 


Bone Aventure ^^^H 


i^^^V Miohill de Valloyea 


Ambro&o du Mayne 


Peter de Boyee ^^^| 


^^^^^^ FraunclB Mercer 


John Haudiiott 


John Marrie ^^^H 


^^H GomeliB ^yicr 




^^1 


^^B At the end of this paper I shall notice such of tlie families 


^^M of these refugees as can be traced by 


me as continuing to 


^^1 reside in Sussex. 






^m IIL— The third 


great influx of Protestants toot place in^M 


^H mediately before and after the massacre 


of St* Bartliolomew^ 


^H On 25th October, 


1571, Cecil directed 


an examination of all — 


^^m » Gaihii, c. 110, foi. m 




^^H >* Mr. J. S. Burn, in bia 


'^Hiiitory of Fordga ProteHtant Rflfugee§/' biia printed tie 


^^^H £rRt elevuti tianii's obly. 






^^^H '^ Thnne wi^ro fewer that 


I the French, for the reaeon already civen— the ffrmter omt* 


^^^H imiij of tliii co^ to France Oum to tlie Lofr Couuxtrit^o. 


■J 



PHOTESTANT REFUGEES IN SUSSEX. 



195 



I 



stniTigers in the ports and towns near London,^' In the 
return madfi for London on the 10th Novemljer, there were 
4ij3l strangers, but no return appears from the Sussex ports, 
When, Iiowever^ the massacre had taken phice, the arrivals at 
Eye were very numerous. On i27th August, 1,572, three 
days after the massacre, the first portion arrived, and wlien a 
return was made on 4th November, 641 persons hud entei-ed 
tlie port. In tlte Lansdowne MS-'^ we have the names and 
particulars, trom the Mayor, who was also costumier* 

"Eight honorable y^ may please you f understand that 
herew^ is y' note of all suche stray ngers as are w^^'in the 
townc of Kye, acordynge to suche order made, as therby 
aperyth, y' tyme of there repayer hither, y' contynuans, y* 
place of thcyr dwellyng, and vocatyim, Y^ inornyng ij. of ou'' 
passeges aryvyd here fro' Deepe: they bryng no newes of 
ymjKirtans, savyng they report y*" French Kinge hath sent his 
brother w^ a i>ower to RochelL And thus y* Almyghtie God 
long and in most happye estat preserve you^ honoure eternele. 
Amen, 

From Rye y** 22 of November, 1572- 

You^ honour's most humble to command 

JN^ BONNYNGS, 
To the right honourable the 

Lord Bnrghley, Lord Ilighe 

Thresurer of England," 

A VtEWK TlKEK or THE FRENCnE AKtJ OTllEB STRAJfGERS W'THIJT THEToWNE OF 

Eye, the FotTRTH TiAiE OF NovF.MnKR* 1"j72; the x[iij. Yere OE TIIE RATNE 
or o* SovEfLiKiyK Lady, QiRyE EuAAnf^rn; bv TH'APi'OtNTMENT of FlEifRTf 
Gktmer^ Maiok or tue sauj Towxe, and the Jurats tiierEj as follow etii: — 



DIEPPE. 

1 . Jnue H ygoQC, w idowe^ and on e 
chUde, Jane Deem^ie^ widow, and 
two cliildren ; Jane GuIiftrdLS widow, 
and two childRin,- — They came to 
Eyt? f he 27tii of Aoffiist, 

2. Jnqiieii Xoritin^e, hh wrf, find onie 
child — Hi* hsith been in tty 4 yera> 
John Hereon* tfti/4^r. and one made, 
— Cnntv mtr 27Uj Au^ii^t, 

3. Awguetine *k* iWwlowej mafeh/int^ 
h»9 wyf, hU mother, otie ii»jidi?, and 



four children, — Came over the 17th 
of October. 

4, Jqniisft Eylmwde, ffen/.; NicholftB 
O ven» mrrch/int ; G nil Ime M neson , 
mefchfi nL—C^mG over the 21ik of 

5, John de Counte» ntet^hiint, and ono 
child 

a. John M nlleir, fk4yemaki*r. hi? mother, 
jind one child.— TJie 27th of August, 

7. J mines Viiiiad, mft'i^hnnt^ hia wife, 
and a woinnn liervnot ; Michael TaU 
latnle^ ntiiHtur, and hU wife* 



*' Coliih*?3toT, Harwieh, Ipsw^idi, Yarmoath, Nocwioh^ tko Cinque Porte, Sonthamp- 

^aTicl BogtoQ^ 
" No.i^.AJTt, 7g* 

2 B 2 



196 



PROTESTAKT REFUGEES IS SUSSEX. 



6, Francis OodditigB, mereMnt, ftnd his 
wife ; Mkbftel TelJier^ merckani ; 
Nlcbolu Dablowe, m^neMnt j 
Ghurlec Burner, m^^rcMitt^ bis wife, 
and one made.^The l&at of AagaAt 

9. Jeff^ry Fenchone, m^trka nt draper / 

Dpciwte, Bfrrtvr; Kichohis Delowne, 
taiUr: Jiu]^U(3» Poi)rk«t> m^rehattti 
Idmotiil DL'ftfcll, mofvA«if,~nje 
i9th of Aiijrust. 

10. &bcTt Fjoe, mfffc^mt, vnd one 

11. John Pyfle. i«rwAtf jiI, hb wife, thrw 
childreo, nod a rnade fler?A&t. — The 
27th of August 

13, John Boite, mf^rehant ; Niclio. 
Depre^i merehant : Peter Gynjnrd, 
jerken maker; Kjcbo Trowde^w^r- 
oMiU. — The laai of Auf^uat 

Id. Vmeent Betwyn, m/iriner, and hia 
wife; O^uilliain Gorden, t in iter ; 
GtiiUiam Depeoe, mariner, and bU 
wife; Nioho. Jordan, f^^r. — Tho 
38th of Auifual. 

14, TbomAft DeiMaefl, Nwrt^AiiA^ ; Robert 
M&rabe, mervhant^ his wife, aiiid four 
ohtldPin.— Th« 28th of August. 

15* Peter Pe*her, mrrpAait/^ and one 
child; Peter Le Eowae, mrrcMnt, 
and hid wife; Gnbnel Debrecs, m/sr- 
chant^ anj a man aorvant — The last 

of AugUBt. 

16. John GttHon, i^h&em&her ; John Dea* 
honiQ|0 braider of njcU; (Collet Hiiuz, 
widow ; Mariet Sans, widow. — The 
final of Septeml>er, 

17. Uarion De Bouses, widow ; Jane 
Sofer, widow ; Mr. John DefoTulo, 
i»fiilif<rr, his son and danghter.^ — Th© 
list of August 

18, Mf. Michell, a mitih^tr; John 
Sbowe, merchant., three children, 
and one man servanL — The last of 
Angnst 

19, John Robone. nthotflmtuttrr, bis wife^ 
and two ebildren ; Peter Lemon, 
ikipirriffM^ his wife, and on^ child; 
Peter Cordon^ m<iiv/(#Tt bis wife, und 
one child ; John Bowdwin, fhiw- 
fffnker^ hh wifCt and thrco children ; 
Robctrt Mounten, marifwr — The se- 
cond of 8ept4'iid»c;r. 

iO. Jolm DcfTninde, nthlrr, his wife, and 

one child ; Morjsfiiine H}Tifret, cpbler, 

— Tlie first of Septeml»er. 
21. Rolnjrt MftTten, mrm^ktr, hh wife, 

and child; Margmret Lolbuwlop.— 

The fourth of September, 
S2, Boger HottSj capper / Peter AmoDes, 



and 
biliif^l 



eapper; OTande ^tenatd, mi 
—The «th of Octolwer, 

23^ Peter Komlicr, clackmnkrr, bis wifei 
Slid two (?hitdren, and hh gifi1or| 
Michaet Boytowte^ dockmaker^ and 
bis wife» 

£4, Nicholas Le T^Ucr«» mimMet, hh 
wife, four children, and a made ser- 
Tttnt ; Maricn Vicard, three children, 
and one made, — Tbe ^Hth of Augnst. 

26. FrauciB Harria^. with n woman and 
two children ; Eobenet Dexameri 
And two ofatldren^ — The first of ~ 
temfoer, 

26, Guilliam Snienll, tailuT, one cbih , 
iind Katherin Loungfert, his dfitigh^ 
ter.^The third of September, 

27, Robert Dordaine. ri^rk, bis wife* and 
one child; Jaques OrotJer, eterk; 
Matbew Bcnn«i, cmiper; Jaques da 
Lal>e, (Htfijfer, and a boj, — Tba \mi 
ot August. 

^3. EowlandEunnar ^tdtm itk, his wife, 

a child, and a made servant. — ^Thi 

8th of September. 
20. John Lyon* ehamUer i Michael 

Bowffcrd; bnteher. — The laiat of 

Aiigutft. 

30. Bobert Foriticr,jf A i/wrrpjAf, his wii 
and 3 children; KicholAS DoffelJ, 
ihipftn^M ; Christopher Gtniscv hil 
wifCj a child, and a woman. — The 
last of Augufst 

31. Arthur !^>wio, fhoemakrr^ and hiii 
wife, — Tbe last of August 

WALL0NDEB8. 

32. Nicholas Bowdln, rnerekanf : John 
Bowdin, JHt^rf^hant^ and a made.^ 
The 2Hth of August, 

B3, Christopher Fa Hoys, ftt^n-h/rnt, his 
wifu, -l children, and a made servant. 
Michael B'alluyg, his wife, 3 chUdicni 
and a made servant — These foor 
yean}. 

34, ilon H, De Piaee, h is w j fe, a eh ild, a bof 

and a mado.^Tlie 'jtb of SentemW*. 

35. John nemarkeriff; jraf,, Uii wll^ 
hi» mother, bis sieter^ genth 
a made, and 2 women. I1ie fith 
September. 

30. Richard Marter, rierh, his wife, an< 
ft boy; Richiird Mayhier, m^rrAdw^l 
and a lioy.^Tbc Hth of i<ef»tenilker, 

37. Maher Troberd, mfrgtm ; Jolin ~ 
Ifline, mffTf^^r, and one old man, 
ftiim^ter. — llie la«t of Atrpiist 

38, John Vmme.npttfhr^imt] hkwife'L 
an oUi man of AnjucSj a ghfrer^—* 
The 24th of August 



H 



" He was of Eusj and hud been in R je in 1609, 



PROTESTAXT REFUGEES IS SUSSEX. 



197 



^ 
k 
^ 



OF LTT.LBONN. 

KidioldK Marie* marirtrr; Bl^hord 
Omtiell, t^katuiW ; John Loa&et 
taitor ; Bfatbew PoUlotl^ hiUh^; 
John John foe, ek&udier. — The IQth 
of Ot'iolier, 

DIEPPE. 

Gnillmm Donem*i^I]p mffrekant ; 
Robert Sotor, merehant,^2mi of 
Beptcmber. 

Robert Browne, shoemaker i John 
Vftray, mtfchtrnt^ nnd his iwifo ; 
Maihew Furincr, cl&rht hia wife, 
m%d one ehild.— The 10th of Sop- 
leniber. 

Jo?rn Donii^, TiboU Ftirae, Now De- 
fen* furhiithtrs, — 1 2th of Scpfembcr- 
Nicholas AJlin, tmltir, hla wife, and 
one chtkl ; John Dev^le, Jame^ Be- 
gl^Qise, John Clerke, John FotrelU 
ikoemakfftf; two womeii and three 
ebjldr«ii; Michael Menvell, #A<w- 
fii<jArr.^l2th of Septt?nihen 

l44> NidhoW Gilpin, his wifot Mid 2 
ohtidmii t Hartin Orey, m^Hjufr^ his 
wifei, &od oQe ehfld,— Uth Septem- 
ber. 

J4S. Augiinttne Toimson, painttT, hia 
wife, and 2 ebildren ; Jose Saill«r, 
jot Her J John MoUcnf « (WoA, th<?ir 
wives, and 10 ebildren.— 15th of 
September. 
4©, Bobert Castle, a coMer, hia wife mid 
2 cblldi^n ; Miithew Shavin, itedrchrr 
of Dieppe ; John Preston ; John 
PredtOQ, btirber, wife, and 3 child- 
ren.— 121h of September, 
47. Guilliwn Navar. nod JohTi Very, 
t*titfrrt, their wiveSt and 3 childr*en; 
John UyT^eTi^m«W«^r,and 2 wornen. 
— 20th "of Septemlier. 
4 S. Ktwie Dppound , and h i b wife i Cb ris- 
topber l>o*eTieonrt, talhir * John 
PiMterer, ihoemakt^r, two women, 
md 4 children,— 14 th of September 
4B, NlehdlM Mnilynge,** Johnson Maa- 
lynge^ e£»i*Ar; Jftniea Edy, tmhr ; 
4 womea and 2 childreti, — I2tb of 
Septemlier* 

^ 50, Ouillnic IlehaiiBfOi, f?iry<?M»f, his 
wife, and 3 children ; Guillme Qy- 
dt'n. j'WfM'/'* his* wife* and one child; 
Juhn Eyver^ mnver^ bis wife and 3 
cb i I ilt^n.— 1 Gtli of Seritemlser, 

1^1, John Jo^ph, a Waliottn mfirkant^ 
hi@ wifCf a made, and 5 children; 
Kicbolas Mnytor, Andi^w Breyodei 
taihrt^ I woman, and 2 children. — 
12th September. 



S2, Micbel Clcrlce, m^7y*idn#, his wif(s, 
and I woman ; John Neve, mrr- 
ckant^ bia wlfe^ and 1 child,— lOth 
Septeml>er. 

6S, John Mftslynge, marintt' / one widow, 
and 2 children : Nicholas Shane, 
mrreMfit ; John Batten, g4fM*mitJuf^ 
^I2th of September. 

54. N icholiLs de Chesn e« ntereh&mt ; Job n 
Bert in, merehnni. 

55, Louiii De Stonen. — 12tb Beptemb@r. 
5G. Peter Ferner, niarhtfr, bis wife, 

and 1 child J Jacob John aon,^OTnr;*.* 
Nicholas Curie w,*f/M«>£OTaj»j'-rr; John 
Velit^ etibler,' 4 women, and 4 child- 
i^n. — 12tb September. 
67* Mounden Pecket, of Ouinges, Aw4- 
bandmajt; Gloder Gravel, marine f^ 
of Diepi>e» his wtfe, and I maid.^ 
20th of September. 

58, Peter Qyrre, ttp&ihemr^^ bi& wife, 
nnd 4 children ; Mr. GuillnieTrencr, 
mini^^r. hijs wife, and 1 child ; John 
Pare, ^klpmright, — 12th !^pteml>er, 

59, Mihil Shuven, mj^rehanf^ his wife, 
4 children, and a ma^Je. — t2tb Sep^ 
tcmber. 

60, Peter Porvet, haker, Onill. de Yeats^ 
inarre^ merefumt ; Noel la Male, 
ftierehint x Dennis Fomer, ^mk, hia 
wife, and 1 child ; John Sayer, mtr- 
cfmnt^ his wife, and fi children; 
Boger Browne, tth&entaker, bi« wife, 
and 1 child; two widows, and 2 
childrt-n, — 12tb Sopfeniber. 

61, Alexander de la Gande, fnerchaHt^ 
Rod one child.— 2Gth September, 
Nicholas de Lorser, eoblsr^ his wife 
and three children ; one widow and 
two children. — 12th Sepleml>er. 

62, Etnnavt^nture Doflell, ^ hookMnd^^ 
hiK wife and two children. — Two 
yeara, 

63* John Dvvell, Nicbo, Heberd, wi^- 
€!h/inU^ their wives, five children, 
and two made -eerv ants.— 1 2th ijep- 
tembef, 

64. Five widows and 2 children ; John 
Jobnaon, Dutchman ^ mii^r, of 
Flushing, his wife, and 2 children ; 
Howe Mkrtin, mtrchuM^ of Flush- 
ing, his wife, and 2 children. — 12th 
September, fith Oetolwr. 

65. John Synion, muriner^ his wifeij 
and 5 childn*n ; Simon Da net, 
Onillme Danet, ekaadhi^, their 
wives, and 2 dbiWren.—^Tth Sep- 
tember* 

66. Mart. Martin, sch/HflnrnsteTf of Ga- 
may. — Second of October* Gabriel 



'* He hftd also been in Bye in 1560, 




m 



LoM Maim, 

gbcHierU MfcOirw «-—-, ^ii^^ 
fl^nk Sbcraell* fAnjttlifr,— The Sd 
October, . . , .^ 

Uiclio^ Angell^wawr, ■ad Im w^; 
KicfaolM Ane?ell, ifafi»^t ^ ^^J^^^d- 



tmmj of thrir goods iJMf liii tut m% I^rl> 

Loalft Oalnmbtr 8>f<>yai » ifiiiffiil ^ 
■AgM in Ftfw,— OooM for nlijriOBk 

f^meli de BilMSoo, mister ; FMer Joto 
FI«mjt^;CliatkHiloii, of Booxi^ Ml ; 

TtDoeiit Pru&omt; JaJm Ab«oltA, m^f^ 



PROTEST^Urr REFUGEES IN SUSSEX. 



199 




ehunt of Boaen ; Jaqiics de Mntrut, of 

B«ii«i2i ; Bomnn de pE^cheur, of Bouea, 

wmfkaitii Gul Debdair, i>f Raiien, 

hh wri/e.^For religion.— Pierre Guuion 

LdeSt Vttldk; John Burden of BJack- 

[Ttlle.^/'wwr ; Paule Gurnintof Ovftpnia, 

0ir qfPhf^xkf ; Lou i a H uatyr o f Houen , 

ijljufj' ; Ardiana Porkey of Overnift ; 

Em I.* Noir of Pa ma, gltj«>€ mnk^r. — 

For reliirioo* GiuLlmm da PerTy* geHfU- 

I man ; Achdl Van Droict, of Antwerpt* 
I*ajutfiije th^ 1th of November, 
Franciaeua Foropojotj ma^t^r of a hark 
r>f Nuwhaven ; Hr. M[*thuw Cartanl, 
miiiijcter ; Mr. John GniDctjll. mhi- 
^_ utrr; IWbert Paisant^ mcrchuM ; 
^^Jhou Ene, aod hk ^miQ and kis 
Psmsge tkg 9th if Korember^ 1572» frtm 

Dieppe. 
fit«liitrd Edeo ; Gnillmtne Telliort ; An^ 
thohj Gmlmere ; Elljen Edeo ; Gil* 

Ibert Ytteraon, a Gorman ; Michel 
Soraer ; Peter FlcmynKe, Florontine 
de Barrier, iiervauts to Mou3» Vidnm 



du Clittrten ; John de Roy de Fack- 
b«m^ nmriner ; John Jfonnelle de 
BeaueviHe, merchattt ; Richard 
Thonuit, mfrehaiit ; John Oanne^ 
flOQue of Jeffcry Canne of Dieppe ; 
John le Vfliles of Dieppe^ m&rehant} 
J aqua Le Ball tier ; Pierre Collet of 
AnifitGrdam^ mt^riner : Fetter Bar- 
tier, cooper^ of Houen ; John Tellier 
of Dii5|>pe, hmitier. 
Jit fifwtfu^r Pn^itaffe ike natue iifitf, 
Bennis de Newberistjrei hmmer; VinWlp 
Dorre of Arms ■ Anne la Ytsfrnier; 
JeiTome Hotjer, pa'mU^r ; John 
Symao of Bouien, ffrtJpfr ; John 
Valier of Eouen, dmpcr\ Jaques le 
Lendew of Boueiij groari Marty ne 
Helowterof Poictiora, tinker; John 
Morye of Howdan ; Jas^par de Voi- 
le rs of Antwerp ; John Artnyater, 
ffent. of Shetlandt and otio servant. 
Jtirajoe** Belli art of H onen, innhttl* 
d^?r, and hiii wife ; Baptist Daa- 
groyne of Piaduiont, ffijnt 



I 



There was, however^ then no continuous dwelling of more 
than fifty men, besides their wives and families, who were 
very quietly and orderly. Many of the refugees remained. 

The Kegisters show the names of Pierre Lasni, son of 
Guillaume Lasnfe, Professor of Physic, and preacher in the 
French Church, banished for the gospel, bom 4th February, 
1571 ; of Fetter, son of Fetter Coignard, in exile for the 
gosi)el, born 24th May, 1574; of Jereme, son of Nichs, 
Teller, minister of the French congregation, 7 th August^ 
1574; of Josias, son of Laurence Boiirdin, baptised 6th De- 
cember, 1574; of John, son of Francis Tressenyne, in Feb- 
ruary, 15 7|, On 25th April in the same year, John, son of 
William Lasne, minister of the French chuixh; on 17th May, 
John^ son of Francis Macqure, boi-n; bap. Oct. 2Kth; and on 
27th Septi*., John, son of Peter Gapen, of Dieppe, and Pett-er, 
son of William Taylor, both banished for the word of God; 
and, also, Samuel Banquemace, of Ferme, in Normandy, and 
Matthew Marrow, frum Dieppe; on 29th March, 1576, we 
have also James, son of Laurence Bourdin,^^ Jeake says that, 
in 1582, tliere were 1,534 French refugees* In the commence- 
ment of 1583, Louis Morel, who had left Southaiuptou, became 
the French Minister at liye, and, on 19th May in that year, 

'* Holiowajj p. 47li, and regist«ri. 



■-..._. . -"" ■ ■ ^ J— .: r. : .'-^T**. i:L»i J.<ia 
- :■ 1 - . 11 — - =. . ^* JL.— n-T jicTiI-sa 

: -. ■ - :• I-*:.-- '^r- — ht r "Zr TreAL'iers 

-■..'- _ . -• — - -:i -- 3- 1 uz :- iz :. T -.la I^iijcsd. 

:_ ". .-- _:-^~ - : "l- r^-n-.j. :j.Tr:l»2S wss 

- - * .-.::• -.- \jr z.- i i^i - TiDen 

r • -. :--:-..- ^--r .:r-. >L Mord 

. - ~ -r~ - _ - . - - T _i- : i_- ^.-^ 5 r 'JiK ^sp- 

' - ._ .. • : -.: ::_■ - " Z - t ^ -c; -:►:-: - VinL«:W 

.-'... 2 V .^ .- -"z:-> I ...~t 1 • : oz'L* Tb^ 

■ : -T" J" ^ 1 :: _r" -. "- -nil *ir^--r ".i_-!i ^ :* r •ii-tD. 

. --..^ '.. - - JT- : -'..-- 1. =~l:r- v-T: jr."^-c r'-r a 

• -: 1 _.f -= --• 1. ".- -1-:^ .- ^—' T T^ii: :hr new 
.., - - T-r- J - 1, : - : -.:" '..- t-zL'^'.- ^^tIjA in- 

■■-.: .-■ L- - JT — - ^: . -V jf _ ■ L. . . '.-I, ;:_^ ■r-j=-:. ir-i rwo 

t*-* ". — A "T^.*". :-•■*.- ~L 1 • -I ::i^ _- Mir : - :-7ij^ i-«" "i ?«^ :h-Ii7^2 

•■ .. L-" : - - "---Lr^. *-lwW. XLl^ ODi 

> •^--- .- I L ■ .-. i_-s ▼•-"- L'-i iJTf* jj,-:-. N:«-. 1.- : :-r*? :"-. Mrvn 

_i — - - L-i.-.-. ..- ■ . : >. -:. -- : . w vf PicTti 

lib : " -r . T . "j/.-r? - .— ". il" :. ■ *. ; 



i -.-. . ■".,." '•-..• -4- • - . :.-^r^r--. -::-:,>[. :.- :^ T- ii.iuv th- Fni:o'i 
~:-.:r ?*•.•'.-■•-!,-. : .r. * ! :-r, if.:.--:. I:, th- f- Liwui^- >>.ar a lotter wm 
■»r.v - ■ , •■7^ ■-■• -■ : ■' ■'••■-; ii 'i ;* ■;.-, an :, if r. • --^.-cr., L.- was t'.^ I.-aTo in rhnv 
r.. -"-''- •- •■'"'* ■ •■ -"■ ' ■'■' 'K'- f>.!;-;:'ii* in L n-i n, anl n^.- further partionlm 
.-■ -■■ . '^ .- '-■ ' '- : r "./■■•.•:. ri' w. ;.,— /;„, „^ p. '..7 

i* '-■ TT.. y. '■*'. 

.'•■•■ r t;--^- ^ " ■■••.:r •■ ', .'.f. I h-iri"! 2N- F- i.nriry, IT'-K). Ho was suctwJoJ 
\t ^l • ■..'"••, v.\ , ;'..:- *■..-. ! J-i), :\nj„,t, J7n«;. 

•i > :\-.\. D n.., J:i". I., Vt^l. i-'il, Art. 102. fcjoe uUo Camd. Soc MidC, VoL iv. 

•- • »:i:^ bU=J^ ia ori'.'iri ■!. 



PHOTESTANT REFUGEES IN SUSSEX. 



201 



^ 
^ 



^ 
^ 



Tet, whatever may have been the number of French inhabi- 
tants, the church continued to be represented at the con- 
ferences till 1660, 

The old chapel of the Augustine Friars/*^ in Conduit-street, 
has been supposed to have been the place for worship. The 
house was dissolved in 1535. It was in the klng^s hands 
from 1539 to 1544, andj in the minister's accounts^ it is 
returned as worth nothing, on account of its dilapidated con- 
dition.*^ On 30th June, 1544, it was rated for William 
Oxenbridge^ hut, on the 19th September, 1544, Thomas 
Goodwyn requested to purchase the site,** and to him it was 
granted. It is more probable, therefore, that the church 
was used for the refugees in the 16th as it was in the 17 th 
century* 

IV* — ^The last period at which the refugees arrived was 
when the persecutions in France were re-commenced, in 
1680. Acting on the strong representations of Lord Hali- 
fax's brother, Henry Savile, the English Minister at the 
Court of France,*' Charles IL gave every encouragement to 
those who sought an asylum in England- In July, 1681, a 
general collection was made for their relief, and great facili- 
ties were given for their naturalization. The vicar and 
chief inhabitants of Rye gave them a hearty welcome, antl, 
notwithstanding the reports against thera, gave them the 
following testimonial to their worth : — 

** These are to certifie*^ all whom it may conceme, that the 
French Protestants that are settled inhabitants of this towne 
of Eye, are a sober, harmless, innocent people, such as serve 
God constantly and uniformly, according to the usage and 
custome of the Church of England, And fiirther that we 
believe them to be falsely aspersed for Papists and disaffected 
persons, no such thing appeareing unto us by the conversa- 
tions of any of them. This we do freely and truely certifie 
for and of them. In witness whereof we have hereunte sett 
our hands, the 18th day of April!, 1682- 

W^ Williams, vicar ; Tho. Tournay ; Francis Lightfoot, 

*■ Tbe boQ^ of the Aagn^iDe Fritmi in London hod been granted for the me of fhid 
FWncli &&d DutcJi cbiurclies there* 
^ B«cord CM&^. a^cotmtd. 
** luTentory in late AQgrnentaiton Offiae, 
** Sft?ile Oorreepondeiicfl, Camd. SoCj S00 et leq. 
^ Domeitic. 1682, Na 6a. 

xm, 2 G 



202 



PBOT^STAHT KEFUGIES HI SUSSEX. 



ColL M"*^*- Customes; MiL Edgar, King's Searcher; NoWe 
Waterhouse^ Water and Searcher; Lewis GiUard, Jtirab^U 
Mich. Cadmatt, Jurat; Tho* Markwicke." ^M 

Further aid was given to the refugees, by allowing them ' 
to continue the use of the parish church for diriue worship; 
the consent of the principal inhabitants being thus convejed 
to the Council : — 

"Wee, the inhabitants*' of the towne of Rye, here subscribed, 
doe declare our willing consent y' the flrench Protestants , 
newly settled in this plaee^ may continue their assemblys i^H 
our church, from eight of the clock in y* morning unto ten^^ 
and afterwards from twelve of the clock untill two iu the 
aftemoone; and that they may have the use of the pulpit and 
of the seats therein as heretofore ; which wee doe hereby fully 
grant to them, it being requested of us for their benefitt and 
service, when occasion requires. Made at Rye, the 3 of May, 
and in the yeare of our Lord Gk»d, 1682, 

Lewis GiUartj Mich* Cadman, Francis Lightfooti Noblf 
Waterhouse, Jo. Radford, Tho, BurchelL" 

At length came the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes^ and 
many more refugees joined those who had been so well re- 
ceived in Rye. We have no list preserved to us ; the registers, 
however, furnish us with the names of many of the settlers, 
and I have extracted the entries in each year from 1682 to 
1727. lu the distribution of the £12,000 granted by Queen 
Anne for the relief of the refugees, £27 came for Rye, in 
1705; £85 lis. Id., in 1721; and £35 2s., in 1728; since 
which there has been no contribution*** 



1*182. 
ISaj 7^ Jamei Tomeus, a French jouth, 

Peev2a A Fr^duuftQ; uid 24th, a 

Freaeli ohild, bur, 
1683. 
ICir. 26. Ljdi^ d. of WlUiaiii Eenals 

ftnd S«j^, Mm wife, bo. 
Bee. 15* Gilofl, ion of Jacob Scarrell 

and Eaae, hh wife, bo. 
There are a]so entries of four French 

children in the year^ bur. Ho 

names. 

ies4. 

Mar. 15, Sarah, d. of Wnilom EeaallA 
and Saraii, bis wife, bo. 

*' Dom, 1682. No, 140. 



There ire alio eatriet of 6 J^ench 
children bur. In the you ; no 
names. 

16S5. 

Aug, 14. Thomas, b, of Thomoa Mcf^ 

row and Ann, his wife, bq. 

Thei% are al^ en tries of the bumlB of 

6 French children » a French woman, 

and a Frenchman, drowucd; no 



16M. 
KoT. 2. A Fi«iioli miiilgter» eallad Itua 

Bafdeau, bur, 
Dec. 16. John, a. of John Bonmac and 
Suzanne^ hia wife, bo. 
Bntries occur of the buriaU of a 



PnOTESTANT EEFDOEES IN SUSSEX. 



203 



[¥TCnchiii8n» master of a fifihing boat, 
and of 3 B'rench clilldreii ; no namea. 
1G87. 
Jan* 17. Jtidith, d> of Stephoi Bouchet 

and Judithf hia wife, bo. 
Jan, 28. Anne, d. of William B^nalls 

and Sarah, lug wife, b. 
Mar. m. A French ohild of M^ Bouchet* 



bar. 
Aug. II. 



Ool20. 



A French mmiBter'a wife, bur, 

Anne, wife of M"^ John Wll- 
a l<YenchmaDT btir, 

Magdalene Boncbet, a French - 

bur. 

There are also entries of the bun alt of 
9 French children, of 5 French 
women, one aacienl Ftench woman^ 
and a French niaid ; of Z French- 

and one ancient Frenchman ; 



igaa 

Sep. 13, A ohild of William itoalls, 
buf, 

Oct 8. Susanna, a French woman, hxn. 

Oct, 20, Mounsere Saueroy, a French - 
tnan, bur. 
nere were also buried 10 French 
childrenr two French women and B 
Fi^Dch maid; 2 aocient French- 
men, and a young French boy ; no 



Wll- 



N 
P 



1689* 
lLy> I, A French marchant, M^ 
IJnjn Pnine, bur. 
ilMce are also burials of 5 French chil- 
a, Z French wonion, one French 
,d, JS Freoeh men, and one French 
fouikf man ; no names* 
1690. 
Tbm bufiab are of 6 French children, 1 
Rwaeh woman, a IbVench maid, and 
8 F^nchmen ; no oames, 
lUiJL 
Aog. 1 6* Syrias Deep», a Fren chman , bur, 
Tbef« are also entries of the huriali of 
3 French children, 2 French women, 
m French girl^ and a French maid ; 
and of 2 FrenchmeDf without uamea. 
1692. 
May 5. S»iah, d. of Will Eainelda and 

SaraJi, hu wife^ bo. 
OcL 2. Ann, d. of W^ Beynolds and 
Abigatt, hifl wife, Iki, 
There are a^fio entries of burials of a 
French child, a Frenclj woman, and 
a Frenchiuan ; no naoiea, 

icaa. 

J&d 10. Ann, d. of Abraham Cametand 
Ann, his wife, bo. 
There ai^ also entries of the burialf of 



8 French children ; a French woman, 
and a Frenchman that was drowned ; 
no namea, 

1694. 

There are entries of 2 French children, 

2 Freoeh women, and 2 Frenchmen, 

buried ; no namea^ 

1^95. 

Mar. 5. Abraham, s. of Abraham Camit 

and Ann, his wife, bo. 
May 31, Peter Tokeley, a Frenchman, 
bur. 
Another Frenchman was bur. ; no 
name, 

1606, 
Tlio Reif^ W''* Williams, thenewTicar, 
aocceeded to the living, and hencefor- 
ward we find the names duly entered, and 
the fact of their French origin Btnted. 
Jan* 19, Stephen, i, of Stephen Luose 

and Judith, his wife, bo. 
Apr. 20. EllKabeth» d. of John WOliama 

and Rachel, his wife, bo. 
Apr, 2L Jacob, s, of Isaao Treheel and 

Judith, his wife, bo. 
Jutje 1, Mariftna^ d. of Peter Guerene 

and Mary, hie wife, bo, 
June 12. Mary Anne, d. of John Bodui 
and Hester, his wife, bo. 

June 1 4. — — of Fet^r Robert and 

his wife, bo. 
June 19. Peter, e. of Peter Le Yrand 

and Magdalen, bis wife, ho. 
Aug. 18. Elissabeth, d. of Daniel Eich- 

ards and Elizabeth, his wife, bo. 
Aug. 30. Catherine, d. of John Bourne 

and Cfltherine, his wife, bo. 
Oct 2. John, s. of Cornelius Deude and 

Elizabeth, his wife, bom and bap. 
Not. 8, Hary, d. of John Fruges and 

Susanna, his wife, bo. 
Not, 22. Peter, s. of Nicolas Vokeland 

and Judith, his wife, ho. 
Nov, 28. John Feros, a French tayler, 

bur. 
Dec. 5. Nicolas Vokeland, a poor 

Frenchman, bur. 
Deo. 13, Mary Magdolene, d. of Henry 
Benaud and Susanna, hk wife, bo, 
1697. 
Jan. 17. SuEanna, d. of Henry Guereno 

and Mary, his wife, bo. 
Jan. 30. Hannah, their d. bur, 
M ar. 20. John , s. of Steven O uerine and 

Busana, hi* wife, bo. 
Mar. 2G. John, s. of Henrj- Gnerene and 

Marv, his wife, bur. 
May 7. "Marj^ d. of John Fruges, bur. 
May 18. Kene Mourow/* a harher-MtT' 
gemi bur, 



*• Morean. 



204 



PROTESTANT BEFUGEES IN SUSSEX, 



Aug^ 15. Jatte, d< of John de Paw and 

Atnf, bi* wife, bo. ; bap. 24 ; bur. 

2r>tb. 
Aug. 26, A oUild of Gk>ody Vokeland, 

bur* 
Bept G. Gttbrielt s. of John Willkmi 

ttud Bnchd, hi» wife, bo. 
B^ 26, J&De. d. of John Morow &nd 

Jftne, hifl wtfe^ bo. 
Ndf. 5| Jane, d. of Peter Beneok^ the 

French min Later of Rye, bur. 
Not. 6. Johanna, d of John Moreau, 

bur. 

Jan. 2. Susan Judith, d. of Fetcr 

Ouerene and Mar}% bfs wife, bo. 
Feb. 2(J. Susanua^d. of Stephen Guerene 

and Susanna, hia wife, bo. 
Mar, ISL Gabriel, a, of John Williama 

and Rachel, his wtj«, bur. 
May 3* Susanna, d. of Jame^ Giou and 

Ann, hifl wife, bo. 
Maj 22. Suflanna, d. of Daniel Richer 

and KliEabeth, hii wife, bo, 
June 10. Frances, d. of Petfj Leumod 

and Magdalene, his wife, bo. 
Dec 6. Mar^' Brodie^ a French maid, bur. 

Feb. 2. An unbaptiEed child of John 

WilliamB, bur. 
Feb. 1 9. Catlieriue Buahe, a poor widow^ 

bur. 
Feb. 27. Stephen Josee, a. of Stephen 

Joeee, bur. 
Har. 10. Vinecnt, ». of Vincent Tellow 

and Elizabeth, hia wjfo, bo. 
Mar. 26. FranciR, a, of Denne Eictber 

and Susan, hia wifo» bo. 
May in. Francis, *i. of Henry OueHn 

and Fmneei, hiB wife. bo. 
Oct 16* Susan nil Celeste, d. of Peter 

00 wrry and Juti u o Marie, h b wife, bo. 
Nov. 25, Jane, d. of Dennia Hi ether, bur. 
Nov, 20. Francis, «, of Francis Budon, 

bur. 

1700. 
Jan* B. Sarah, d, of Peter Guerin bo., 

bap. t4th. 
Jan, 11. Judith, d, of SCepben Joulle, 

aud Judith J bis wife, bo. and bap. 
Jan. 2^. Mary Ann, d. of Daniel and 

Elizabeth Richer, bo. ; bap, 3rd 

Feb. 
Feb, 21. Peter Beneck, minist/^ of the 

French Chnrch, bur. 
Mar. U. EllKBbeth, wife of Thomas 

Morrow, bar. 
Oct. 13. Sarah, d, of Stephen De Our* 

ney, bo. : bap, 20 Nov* Henry, b* 

of Henry Re now, bo.; hap. Dec. 12, 
Deo* 11, Mathew, s. of John Williams 

andRacbellr M$ wifej bo* ; bap, 12 th . 



t T^n|» 






1701, 
Sep. 28, Elizabelb, d. of — Dupy, bia; 
Nov* 4, Thomas King and Peter Amny, 

bur. These two were both drowned. 
17o2. 
Jan, 4. John, s. of John Dupoiit hat. 
Mar. 25. Elbabetb, d. of "" 

Mort^w, adult, bap. 
July 20. Kftthedne Buschett, 
Aug. 7. Thomofl, B. of Jacob 

13 y^ars old, bap* 
1703. 
April 2. Bame, John, bur* 
April 18. Raehell, d. of John Willjami 

and Kaehel, his wife^ bo, ; hap* 25. ^ 
Nov. 1. Henry Benow, bur. H 

1704, 
Aug* 22. Susan, d, of Daniel HiebardA, 

bur* 
Sep, 0. Adrian Reogn^di, eon of 

Adrian Reognalds, bur. JooJona, 

wife of William Reognaldj^ a e«a- 

man, bur. 
OcL 2. Sarab Fridgct, bur. 
Oct 4* Margt. Bounit»t, bur. 
Get, 16. John Bournet, bur_ 
Nov, 1. Peter, »ou of Peter Qarnflti 

(Guerin), bur* 
Nov. 15. Johanna Frett, bur* 
Not. 29t Esther Dupre, bur* 

ITQa* 
May 6, Mary Orio^ widow» bur, 
Aug. 5. Sttll'bom sou of Daniel » . • 

a frmch refugee, bur. 
Sep. 28. A child of Daaid King, bur* 

1706. 
Aug. 3. EBcb. d. of wld. 8clv!^, cf 

Dallingtou, bur. 
August 18. Monsr, Bonehett, A^aal 

mirtMfrf, bur. 
Sept, 1. John Baptist, s. of Daniel 

Adren, and El is. his wife, bur. 
Oct 22. Andrew Shapparoun, bur. 

1707. 
Oct 9. Judith, w* of Daniel Mu«hal«, bnr* 

1708* 
March 7* Peter, son of John Frotoeaber, 

bur. 
Sept 17* John, son of Louii Mariniaii, 

(Mervon), bur 
Oct. 21, Fraa, Tucker, bar, 
Deo, 4. Peter, son of Peter Go wen, bur. 

ITWO. 
March 27. W^ Reynolds, bur. 
May 5. Danl. Adrian, bur. 
June 16. John Vineeo, bur. 

IT 10. 
Ap, 19. Heneretta Clutton, bur- 

17H. 
April 20. Elizabeth, d. of Will* Be^ 

nolds, and Ells, bis wife, bap« 
April 30, John Wiiliams, bur* 



PROTESTAJST KEFUGEES IN SUSSEX. 



205 



I 



Oct IT* Elizalscth^ d. x>T Daniel Kiljg, 

And Fr&Dcese, hm wif^, Wp, 
1713, 
JqIj 22, Catherine Eob«rt«, bttr. 
Jttlf 28, Elizabeth, d. of Ja43ob Scar* 

vai^ and Eliz., his wife, b«^, 
1714, 
March 9. Steven Phone^ btjr* 
Mafch 28. Peter Gauden, bur, 

1715. 
Maj 4* John Dupaw, bur. 
MMcb 0. Judith Johns, but. 
May 29. l^orah King, bur. 
June 2. An unbap, €biJd of W^ Dancf » 

bar, 
June 17. Daniel, son of Daniel AdrioDf 

azid EUz. his wife, bap. 
1718. 

May 12, Job a Dupree, bur* 
A«g. 25i Jane Bubbett, bur. 

1719. 
Jin. G« Sarah Penow^ bur, 
Jao. 80. Isaac Buecett, bur. 
May 21 , Mary Vigidl, hur 
August 2a. John Qillards, a Freneb, 

youth, bur, 
Sept. 2. Francia Ger&lde, a Ft. cb I Id bur, 
Oct 28. Elizabeeh, d, of David Ebenct^ 

and. Mary, hie wife, bap, 
1720. 
Jany. 11* Framar GeAnt, bur, 
Jany, 18. Ann, d, of William Datisay, 

and Juditb, biH wife, bap. 
Jiny, 2$, Martin Lewnea, bur. 
May 25. Judith Dupree, bur, 
Jane 19. Sarah Douee, bur* 
Oct le* Peter Borouy, bur, 

1721. 
Jan* 7* tydla Eobeta, bur. 
Feby* L Maiy Ann, d* of W^i n&my, 

and Jiidilh, his wife, bap. 
Fiiby.S8. Abraham^ s. of * . Adrian, bur. 
June 18. Elizbabetb OHo, bur, 
July & Ann, d* of David Ebonotti, bur. 

1722* 
June 27. William, son of Lewis MiriatJi 

and Maxgaret, his wife, bap* 



Nor, 9. William, eon of Peter Eobetfl^ 

and Ann, his wife, bap. 
1723. 
Jany, 6, William, e, of Lewis Merian, 

bur* 
J&ny. 11, Elis. Eeognalds, wid* 
May 19. Elizalieth, d. of Peter Voclaim, 

and Elibftbeth, his wife, bap* 
June 23. Jacob, a. of Thomas Scarrill, 

and Pien^yi his wife, bap. 
July 28. JehUi son of William ScivieTi 

and Sarahf hfs wife, Itap. 
Nov, 24. Elizabeth, d. of Daniel Adrian, 

bur, 

1724. 
Feb* m Matgret, d. of John Dallet, 

aud Bridget, bis wife, bap* 
April 26. Henry Garren, bur* 
Nov. 4. Henry Joshe, bur, 
Nov, 27, Mary, d* of William Ranow, 

and Mary, his wife, Imp. 
Dec* 23, Fetor, son of Peter Voolaim, 

and Eliz,, big wife, bap* 
1725. 
Elizp, wife of John Tremasho, 



March 4. 
bur. 
May 2(1. 
July 21. 



Ann Dhtinee, bur. 

Aim, d. of James Henow, and 

Ann, his wife, blip. 
Oct 6* Elizabeth, d. of Thomas Scar- 

vill, aud Piercy, hia wife, bap.— bur. 

17th. 

1726* 
Feb* IG. John^ s, of John Dallet, and 

Bridget^ hia wife, bap. 
May 8. Salomon Dhonee, bur. 
M&y 13. Sarah, d. of Lewis Hmam, 

and Market, bis wife, Imp. 
July 23, Peter Vocloim, bur. 
Au^f. 10. Mary, d. of James Lewne«, 

bur* bap. Slat May. 
Dec, 14* Matthew Jefftej, bur. 
Dec. ,30. John, a. of Peter Voclaim, and 

Eliz., bm wife, bap., bur* Feb, 12, 
1727* 
May 11* Ann, d* of W^ Eenow, bur* 



" The task of tracing the descendants of these immigrants is 

not easy : the names have become so much altered in ortho- 

^graphy and pronunciation that the original French is 

^scarcely to be recognized. But to many families we can 

still point. 

Of the names mentioned in division L that of Pet can 
be traced* They became tradesmen of the town, and 
S809 Thomas Pet, mercer, oa payment of £5 was ad- 
laitted to his freedom. 



m Of 




I 



I 



We can trace more of division IL, in 15G9. The 
Hamons were long in the town, but the name has been 
altered to Hammond. The Le Telliees, who were in the 
town in 1569 and 1572, have also been changed to Taylors. 
The Danstes are more easily recognized as the Dansays, 
When George L waj diiven by stress of weather in 1725 
into Rye, a Dansay, being cuptain of a trading vessel, 
had the honour of bringing the King on shore, William 
Damay^ a jurat, died in 1787^*** and the family is now repre- 
sented by the Stonhams* The Guebins, as it will have 
been seen, long continued at Rye. The Christian name of 
Peter was a favourite with them, and they are now represented 
through the Rev* Peter Guerin Crofts, who in 1774 was 
Rector of St. John's, Lewes, The Jewiks lived till the 
present century at Ickleshara. Of the Flemings, the 
Valloys were till recently to be traced; the JIebcers 
still flourish in several places in Sussex; and from the 
SiVYEES, who resided at Rye, Dallington, and Bodiam, the 
Davis' and my own Mother's families are descended ; one of the 
name is still to be found at Rye, 

Of the large immigration, division 111,, in 1572^ as I have 
before stated, not more than fifty families became perma- 
nently resident, and still we have some descendants. From 
Mr, MiCHELL^ the minister, come the family who were long 
settled at Brighton, where the Rev, Henry llichell was 
Vicar from 1744 to 1789/^ John Lyon also left his name 
for more than two centuries in the district. The Netbs are 
at this day resident at Hastings, The name of Mr. Gebon, 
another minister, has been turned into Gibbon^ and a mem* 
ber of that family resided at Winchelsea in my recollection. 
The Marrows also took up their residence in Kye. Thomas 
was admittted to his freedom in 1698; and they were still in 
the town in the middle of the last century. The Touknats 
furnished the captain of the tiained bands in 1679, and the 
Mayor in 1682. 

Of those who came over about the IV, period, 1681 
to 1685, we have more perfect accounts, Mons* Saveroy 
is still to be recognised in the name of Savhey. The 



" Sec inicriplioua post, 

*' For a oota on the Mickell« of Honliam, see ante page I^« 



PROTESTANT EEFUGEES IN SFSSEX. 



207 



ScAEVTLLS long continued, Jacob held a tenement in Bad- 
dings ward in 1704, and had been elected a freeman* The 
Renalls, or Renows, have become Rei^olds. The name of 
Lewkeb yet continues. The Esfinettes are particiilary 
noticed by Mr. Holloway<^ A branch removed to Hastings, 
and was there resident in 1723 and till 1850, The family yet 
live in the neighbourhood of Rolvenden, and own property at 
Rye- In the baptisms of 1708 appears the name of Lewis 
Merinian, and into different forms the name has been 
changed till its hist phase is Meryon, As with the Guerina 
and other ftimilies, a favourite Christian name has been 
kept, and "Lewis" Meryon is now a Sussex freeholder- The 
Gassons, sometimes called Gaston, may be found at 
Hastings; as may also the Bochnes. In the register of 
burials of 1688 occurs the name of WiUiam Pab^, a 
Frenchman, and of the escape of another of the same name, 
and of his descendants a notice has been printed, Aaron 
Pain of Dieppe, with Gabriel his third son,^ escaped to Rye, 
and was followed by his wife Rachel, who got on board a 
H vessel disguised in sailor's clothes. Their eldest daughter 
^ Rachel was abeady at Rye, having been sent there by her 
parents to leam English- The youngest child David, an infant 
of a year old, was conveyed by his mother by night under 
the town gates of Dieppe, which had been enclosed to prevent 
■ escapes. An English sailor had agreed to be outside to re- 
" ceive him, and the mother having passed the child under the 
gates where the channel ran, the only place where there was 
room to pass him, the sailor was there to receive him and 
conveyed him safely to Rye, Others of the family went to 
Holland- The husband, Aaron Pain, died at Rye soon after 
landing, and his family removed to London, Gabriel died 
at Fareham, in HantSj in 1731, and the females of the family 
intermarried with Van Sommers, the Sorells, and the Tur- 
quaods,^ 

The books of the French congregation have been lost, and 
the only memorial which remains is the flagon used in the 



» Fwoilj Eecorda I) j EHxabeth PLeroe^ whose motheT wm uTorquand* London ; 1S29. 
^ ThAj were of Chati'l-hennLLt^ in the depurtmcnt of Viumie, neaz PoitioE% and tho 



208 



PROTESTA^n' REFUGEES IN SUSSEX. 



aclmiiiistration of the Holy CommumoQ* It was exhibited 
at oLir Rye meeting* The foUowing inscription has since 
been placed upou it: — ► 



tnm TLMmm 
iiBcd &£ tbe Oelebmyon of tJie hord't Sapptr 
by th^ lUiiiife^ of&eProleituii fisA^ges 

who Ibond m A^him la fife 

mfier the B«Tocitiofi of the Idiot of Knatoi 

22wi Ootober, ieS5, 

via EYesetited for the tue of l^e Oiitreh 

to the 

Yfcar and Church wwdetis of Bye 

by WiUiam Holloway nod Bfti^ hii «n^ 

formerly Sartth Msrjoo, 

a Deeoendant of one of thtt EafttgMiL 

£th May, 184H), 



The height is 8} inches, and the circumference 14i inches. 
The two eagles' heads, which are unequal in height^ form part 
of the handle : they do not seem to be symbolic, or strictly 
speaking, heraldric. The flagon is of lead (not pewter), and 
may have been made in some fi-ee imperial town which used 
the eagle of the Empire as a mark of patronage. 




OLD SPEECH AND OLD MANNERS 

IN SUSSEX. 



By mark ANTONY LOWER, M.A., F.S.A. 



**^ ForsoQ et he&o olim meminlsBe jurablt^' 



^ 



In these days of rapid locomotion, penny postage, electric 
telegraphs, cheap newspapers, mechanics' institutions, and 
other means of easy intercommunication between place and 
place, and mind and mind, it behoves the Arch^ologist to be 
on the alert, lest the memory of olden manners and olden 
phraseology should once and for ever pass away. I say the 
memory^ because it is desirable to retain, perhaps, not the 
things themselves — the uncouth behaviour, and the equally 
uncouth forms of thought and speech which prevailed among 
the humbler classes of society in uur own times — but a record 
of those things, to show to coming ages and generations how the 
forefathers of this new-born age thought, and talked, and 
acted. The railway whistle has frightened away ghosts, and 
witches, and fairies for ever, and ere long, most traces, not of 
superstition only, but of gross ignorance and rusticity will 
inevitably disappear. Nearly every hamlet now possesses its 
school-house, where a modicum of learning is supplied which 
dissipates those evils, while it elevates its rustic alumni- — ■ 
^^nec sinit esse ferosJ' Berwick Common can no longer 

xin. 2 D 



210 



OLB SPEECH AND MANKEBS m SUSSEX. 



supply its ghost, nor Faygata its fairies. Hayward's Heath, 
once a bye-word, has become a centre of civilization and com- 
mereial activity; and even Balcombe, notwithstanding the 
poor and obvious pun which once associated it with any un- 
successful enterprise, and originated the local proverb of 
*^ going to Balcombe," (or ^"^ baulk 'em'*) receives its mom* 
ing and evening papers, and, when need arises, its telegrams; 
and has its tunnel and its viaduct 

The smallest boy in a national school is no longer puzzled 
hy the Brookside witticism — 

" Hoighton, Denton, and Tarring; 
All b«glaB with A** — 

and I am not quite sure that he would not laugh at the 
propounder for his supposed bad grammar* I don't think 
there are now many people who seriously believe that Pid- 
dinghoe is the place where the natives shoe their magpies; 
or that the first cuckoo of the season is turned out of an old 
woman's basket at Heathfield Fair, on the 14th of April, 
Kustics no longer distinguish Alciston and Alfriston, as 
Ahson and Ahsori Town ;^ and it is now fully a quarter of a 
century since I last heard mentioned the rustic paradox — 

'* H«nlB2|f, ddddWyf and Koadlg ; 
Three iu!9 and all tru^.'* 

This reminds me to remark that the old pronunciation' 
local names is rapidly disappearing j though whether this be 
altogether for the better, I will not undertake to decide* 
fferstmomoo is certainly some improvement upon Uorse* 
mowncez (Iferstrnojiceiu*) and Hailsh-am upon Hellwm^ 
though both are obnoxious to criticism. Bixlgam^ Norjam, 
Hefful, and Maiivel have pretty well succumbed to Bodiam, 
Northiam, lleathlield^ and Mayfield. Chalvington, and 
Selmeston seem to be iiTemediably fixed to Chanton and 
Simson^ and with the fashionable example, of Brighton, olh 




i 



' More ottitly Aasen-town^ wMcli was proWbly a rae4i«?al jpko agaiiiai tlie 
tonerfPI, maMng tWm a * tow^ of aaAeit/ 

"^Thou saiut lliat nj^t^^ oieu, hoamlca, 
Tlioj bejj aiifiQyed at divdi^ atowndei/* 



OLD SPEECH Am> MANNERS IN SUSSBX. 



211 



thelmston, before themj they can scarcely aspire to 
epical reform. The changes I most object to are those 
which sliort-eii th& Bnal syllables fordy hj^ and ham. Thase 
are old generic terms, and ought to be retained in their full, 
honesty Anglo-Saxon length* '^ Genteel " people are begin- 
ning to call Sea/orrf, Seaford— a pronunciation that would 
have greatly astonished Sir Nicholas Pelham, its gallant 
defender in the days of Henry VIIL, for his epitaph assures 
us that — 

** What ixmB jg French flouglit to Mva gaok'd 8e%^«pnl» 
This Pelham did repel 'em baok aboord/' 

So again in the search aft^r orthoepical truth some people 
get rid of our old Sussex lys^ and instead of HotUy, 
Ardingly, say Hothl^, ArdingM- Ilam in like manner 
is shortened into A'm, as^ for instance, Bayh'm, Beddingh'm, 
** Can you tell me," once asked a ^stranger to the locality, 
" where Withyh'm is?" '^ No," was the reply, " never heerd 
on it." *^ Then you don't live hereabouts ?" *' Yes, I live 
jest over yender, at WithyAa^t, I do/* was the answer. 

Being Susse^mensis Stis'^exiensium^ a thorough-bred South 
Saxon, I feel a special interest in picking up and jotting 
down a few matters which though "unconsidered trifles" to 
most people, may hereafter be of use in shewing the revolution 
which the present age seems destined to effect in the usages 
and habits of society. '^Forsan et haec olim meminisse 
juvabit/* 

Although our county was the scene of the Norman Con- 
quest^ and notwithstanding its proximity to the Gallic con- 
tinent, it still retains^ not only in its local nomenclature, but 
in the physical character of its common people^ many traces 
of those brave Teutons who, under iEDa and his successors, 
colonized these shores. The dis and dat^ the dem 
and desBy the ourn^ yoiirn^ and theirn of our plough- 
men, show plainly their German extraction, I used 
to wonder why day-labourers took in vain the name 
of one whom I considered as the Patriarch of the land of 
Uz, until I discovered that he swore, not by Job^ but by 
Jobe^ the Anglo-Saxon Jupiter. Let me add that the word 
job€d^ also employed by our peasantry, must be regarded as a 

2d 2 



OLD SPEECH AND MAimERS IN SUSSEX. 



direct derivative of Jobe^ rather than as -a corruption of the 
current English "jovial," which comes from the hatinjovMis^ 
or '^ Jupit^r-influenc^d/* I now forgive, the village cho- 
rister who, in the Gloria Patri persists in chanting *^ teurmld 
without end/' because that too is true Anglo-Saxon pronunci- 
ation. When my CKicasionul gardener talks of the ravages 
of '" them snags " on a peach tree, 1 bear with his vulgarity 
when I reflect that he is quite as near the true orthoepy as 
his betters who call the maurader a snail^ for snaegl is the 
word which Englishmen, gentle and simple, have modified in 
these two differing forms^ and while the gentleman elides 
the difficult letter G, the peasant sticks fast in it* 
and says snag. Ifj too^ the said gardener calls his 
cm ved spade a gracing tool^ he is only using the talk of 
hiB forefathers of a thousand years agOj when grafan meant 
to dig, I ask him how his aged father does, and he replie-s 
that he is quite Btolt^ and again he speaks good Saxon, for 
that strange word signifies " firm and strong," And when 
he gathers up his weeds and rubbish into a fru^-basket he 

employs both an Anglo- Saxoaism 
and a vessel which are almost 
pecidiar to the county of Sussex, 
Some such trtigs were sent to 
the Great Exhibition of 1851, 
as a specimen of Sussex industry, 
and one of them^ framed in the 
neatest manner, and fastened 
with silver nails, was deemed 
a gift not unworthy of the acceptance of Royalty itself/ 

When the same honest man buries his twenty or thirty 
bushels of potatoes for winter consumption, he calls it healing 
them up, and he stiU talks good Saxon, for kwlan means to 
cover. If the thatched roof of his cottage is out of repair, 
he says that the healing is bad ; and when he lies cold on a 
winter night, he provides himself with an additional blanket 
by way of healing. In all these applications the idea of ^^ to 
cover" is in his mind, just as it is in ours when we speak of 
the ^^ healing art," or when we talk of a wound being healed, 




I 



t 



I 



OLD SPEECH AND HAKNERS m SrSSEX. 



213 



y th 



tliat is covered, with a new and hcaltby skin. Not long 

ago a parishioner of a Sussex vilhige proposed a subscription, 

instead of a compulsory rating, for new healing the church. 

The clergyiuan, who was not of South-Saxon birth^ was some* 

what scandalized at the expression, which to his mind con- 

Teyed the idea that the church required rwra^^-ive treatment. 

The truth is that the Sussex villager knew his mother-tongue 

\yetter than the Oxford scholar did. It is satisfactory to add that 

^the diflereuce between incumbent and parishioner was simply 

rerbal; for the venerable edifice was heated to the liking 

"^of the parishioner, and tiled to the satisfaction of the vicar—- 

^onlj the former was more happy in his word than the latter j 

^Bbr while the one derived it from the mother- tongue of his 

^pncestors of long centuries ago, the other had to trace his 

Bthrough the etymological steps of iikj Uiik^ tegula^ and tegOy 

at last arriving at a precise synonym of hmlan^ the very 

word to which he had taken exception. 

If our friend the gardener should be in want of a dezzick 
(i,e-, day*s work) he will probably get employment with some 
.neighbouring farmer who wants a field sown with wheat or 
{mt%^ and who will provide him with a wooden vessel of 
ar form, from which to disseminate that which is to 
er that field with the next season's crop^ This receptacle 
called a seed-Up^ a phrase not very intelligible to the 
ajority of educated people, although it is good Anglo- 
Saxon speech ; for seed-leap is the very name by which our 
forefathers in King Alfred^s days designated the vessel in 
which they carried forth their seed-corn to the field- 

Our humble friend's Tvife, too, retains a few old-world 
w^ords; as, when she has her family clothes-washing, and calls 
"t a "bucking" — ^from the Anglo-Saxon buCj a bucket, flagon, 
1, or water-pot ; and when she calls the peculiar shawl 
a fringed edge, with which she protects her shoulders on 
going to church or to shop, a wittle^ she unconsciously em- 
ploys the very word which the huswives of the days of the 
Heptarchy were wont to apply to the self-same garment 
as a kwiteL 

After this good housewife has performed the necessary 
daily work of her cottage, she goes upstairs to dress herself, 

■Out!. 






214 OLD SPEECH AM> BiAN^ERS IN SUSSEX, 

SO as to receive her husband, wearied with the toils of the 
field or garden, to a clean and comfortable hearth- This 
operation she describes by the obsolete verb to tight^ not 
knowing, good soul, that she speaks Anglo- Saxon, somewhat 
corrupted from dihtan, to dress. The word, slightly modi* 
fied, is well known to most people. Miltou, in " II Pcb 
employs it : 

** Let tny due feet never Ml 
To walk the atudioua cl*>iiters pale ; 
And tovti the bigh embowM roofi 
Wtth antiqtie pOIaf^ madsj proof, 
And storied windows richly di^Mt 
Casting a dim religious light*' 

Another trait of Anglo-Saxonism among our Sussex 
peasantry was the reversal of the genders of the sun and 
moon; though this is dying out* We speakj poetically, of 
the sun as a male object, and of the moon as a female one. 
All the Geruianic tribes, on the contrary, invested the sun 
with feminine^ the moon with masculine, attributes; and at 
the present day, our Sussex rustics speak of the luminary 
of day as a female. The same peculiarity of genders pre- 
vailed in the ancient Norse tongue; and even m ArriUia, 
"we meet," says Sharon Turner, "with a female sun and a 
masculine moon : — 

* Nee nomen fcetnitimiiiij Soli dedecue, 
i*ee mjkiciiliQum Lunie gloria/ " * 

I have heard the pronoun he applied to the moon once on^ 
and, in the common speech of peasants, the 'Messer light' is 
now regarded as a female, 

I have some thoughts of writing a treatise on the irregular 
verbs of the English language, which appear to have been 
formed more upon caprice than reason. In many respects 
the Sussex talk seems more proper than that which gram* 
marians now recognise as correct. Any departure fn)m a 
regular formation^ though tolerated by usage, and explain- 
able on philological grounds, is to be regretted ; although, in 
the present state of our language, it cannot be avoided. 
The Sussex peasant says catched, and blowed, and bursteil, 

* Hint, ADglo-Saion% Vol i?*, p. 17| note* 



OLD SPEECH AXD MANNERS IN SUSSEX. 



215 



Fof 



and ehooeed^ and creeped, and drawed, and freezed, and 
growed^ instead of caught, blew, burst, cbose, crept, drew, 
froze, and grew — making regulai* what in literary English, 
is abnormaL 

In other instances, the irregularity of the imperfect tense^ in 
Sussex talk, differs from that of literary English. Brung^ 
CTope^ holp^ and fid^ for example, are used instead of brought^ 
crept^ helped, and rode- The verb do makes rfwrf, which t 
take to be a synsere^is of do-ed. There was an ancient 

ast among the Hastings fishermen in regard to the capture 
of a whale, which had eluded the strength or the skill of the 
people of another southern port : 



" A mighty wbftle oomed aailia' down tho flood ; 
The FQlkstoneni oould^ut oatoh fm, but the Uaatln'era ivd f 



■take this opportunity of making a few notes on Sussex pro- 
vincialisms, which have either been omitted from the well- 
known work of my friend, W, D- Cooper, Esq., F,S.A,, to 
whom our Society and the Arcbseology of Sussex are so deeply 

^indebted, or but slightly noticed in his Glossary.* 

■ I will begin with — 

■ Dray or draw^ a squirrel's nest* The former pro- 
nnnciation prevails about Offham, Eingmer, and other 
places near Lewes ; the latter at Mayfield, Warbleton, Dal- 
lington, &c. The etymon of the word does not appear to be 
known, though its use in this sense is not unfamiliar to the 
readers of old English authors : 

*' The Ht tie Bqulirel hath no other food 

Than that which NAttii^*B kindly hand pTOTidea ; 
Juxd, in purveying up and down the wood^ 

She many eold, wctt atorma for that abides. 
She Uea not heartless In her mooBj dratf^ 

Nor feareth to adventure through the mJn ; 
But skippeth out and b^ra tt aa nhe may, 
Undl the seatton waxoth warm again/' 

WUhefB Bnhitm. 

may here remark that^ among the usages of old times 
'that have descended to our own, and that would be 



• " A GIosKty of the ProTincialiflma of the Coanty of Suaaei/' By W* D. Cooper, 
Kwi*»F.3JL find Edit,; 1563, 



21G 



OLD SPEECH AKD MAISKKES m SUSSHX. 



" more honoured in the breach than ld the ohservancc^" is 
the cruel and dastiirdly sport of hunting this delicate, harm- 
less animal^ on St, Andrew's day, which still preyails in 
East Sussex. What connection exists between the SainI 
and the ^SfimirF I cannot say^ but I hope that the humane 
tendencies of the age will speedily consign this unmanly 
pastime to the oblivion which has properly befallen cvch 
fighting and badger-drawing in the district The '^huntij]g 
of the wren," in Ireland^ b perhaps the only parallel in these 
realms to tlus barbarous amusement* 

I have already quoted several Anglo-Saxonisms, and I 
wiE now mention one or two more. Our Sussex housewife, 
if her '' per o' gloves" are somewhat too small, consoles her- 
self with the consideration that they will rateh^ expand, or 
get bigger with use. Here she is evidently indebted to the 
Anglo-Saxon hnecan^ to extend to, or become fit- Again, 
if the husljandman's temper is upset by the undue growth 
of the weed known among botanists as Rajnim sylrestre^ and 
he says " Dang that lilkT he s^ieaks Anglo-Saxon, corrupted 
through the forms cerlice^ charlock, killok, kilk. More than 
one place in the c^iunty is named in Domesday-Book ^*Cerlo- 
cestune," meaning, if I do not misinterpret, the enclosure 
where "kilk'' unduly flourishes. 

The glossy beetle which buzzes across our path on a July 
evening, and which grovels at our feet in our noon- tide walks, 
is provinciully called a shoni-l/U(/^ from the Anglo- Saxon 
scear?i^ dung. Many a well-to-do peasant, during winter, 
drinks u glass or tw^o of ellet wine before going to bed, and 
thinks, with Mr. John Westlock, that it is '^a pretty tidy 
vintage,'* without knowing that ellen is the Anglo-Saxon 
word for the elder tree, whence his children have plucked the 
berries out of which his wife has concocted the pk 
narcotic beverage, 

A few Normanisms also lurk amongst the household word 
of the Sussex peasantry. For example, an awkward, lub- 
berly boy is taunted as a " gurt gruvimut ''—a corruption of 
the old French gromet^ a diminutive of groom* Tlic cabin- 
boy of tlie Cinque-Ports Navy was so called. The condition 
of the distinguished immunities of those ancient corporations 
was, that they should provide for the King's use a certain 




^ 



N 



OXD SPEECH ANB BlANXEES W SUSSEX. 317 

Biimber of ships, and in each ship twenty-one men, with one 
hoj called a gromet-^''^ et in (pialibit nave .r.c/. homines^ cum 
mm ffarcione qui dicihir grometJ^ Again, who of onr grand- 
mothers, fairly skilled in qnackery, did not know the virtue 
of gazel tea? The gazel is the black cuiTant (French, 
gro3eiUe\ and a dea>ction of the twigs of that plant is still 
regarded as a "tine thing" for an inflamraatory cold, by many 
a " nottahle " person* I may remark, in passing, that the 
word ''nottable" (being "right^" as the phrase is^ *^ to a T") 
implies the reverse of not able^ and is applied to a thrifty, 
industrious, housewife. Dame So-and-so is a '^ nottable 
Wman,*' but 1 never heard of her husband, or any other man 
to whom the epithet was applied. It probably comes from 
the French ^"^ nothble^^' and may be also a relic of Nor- 
man i^m> 

Another Anglo-Norman word still in use is frayel^ applied 
to 8 Hexilile basket made of bulrushes. The word is found 
in Piers Plowman's Vision, as well as in the romance of 
Bichard Cteur de Lion* In the latter — - 

Riohard aiiDiwerytlL witli herte free, 
Off frayt thep© iu great pleule ; 
¥y^g\», rasytiH, Infmifd, 
And QQte» (nute) may eerTe Ua full weL 

WrigMTt P. Phmmajn, Ghu. 

Sussex can hardly be said to possess a dialect of its own, 
I have recently had a convincing proof of this fact ; for 
having been requested by His Imperial Highness, the Prince 
Louis Lucien Bonaparte, to give a rendering of the Song of 
Solomon into the Sussex vernacular, for his collection on the 
Dialectology of England, I had scarcely one occasion in the exe- 
cution of my task, to employ an idiomatic expin3Ssion. There 
arc, it is true, peculiiirities uf pronnneiation which sufficiently 
distinguish the Sussex peasant's talk from that of the corre- 
spo!idtng class in neighbouring counties; and there is even a 
wide distinction between the pronunciation of those who dwell 
to the east, and those who live to the west^ uf the river Adia\ 
This is no artificial or imaginary distinction; Parliament and 
the Quarter Sessions have nothing to do with it. It is a fact^ 
patent to all curious observers, that that small geographical 

XIIL 2 E 




218 



OLD SPEECH .VXD MANNERS IN SU.SSEX- 



TiOTindary separates, as to the humbler classes, the two 
tricts known as East Sussex and West Sussex, almost as widel] 
as if some high range of mountains or some trackless forest 
intervene J* But enough for the present of the old speech of 
the Sussex folk, now so rapidly becoming obsolete — ^let m 
briefly review some traits of tlieir old manners. 

Our county, only iu comparatively recent times hewn as it 
were out of the great primeval forest of Anderida, which 
covered the south-east of England, was among the las^i 
of southern shires to receive civilimg intluences, wbil^f 
the proverbial badness of its roads was a still greatef^ 
obstacle to improvement* Oak timber felled near the county- 
town less than two huntlred years ago was tliree yeaf|H 
in its transit to Chatham from the latter cause; and even ats^ 
much later date the carriages of our country squires were drag- 
ged to church by an equipage (if one may so abuse terms) 
of six oxen. Deterred by bad roads and dangerous forest- 
haunting vagabonds, the King's justices in eyre durst approacli 
no nearer the county-town than East Grinstead^ and Hurshara, 
for holding their courts of assize. These are matters of his- 
tory ; it is therefore no wonder that Sussex men in general, 
and Sussex peasants in particular, were no great travellers. 
People coming from a distance of twenty miles were looked 
upon as ^ furrincrs,' and there is a story told of a labourer, 
who upon the spur of an altercation with his * better half/ 
deserted his home at Heathfield^ and travelled as far as 
Ditchling, wiiere feeling quite out of his element, he returned 
homewards, and finding himself again at i/t;/jfH exclaimed — 
" IVe had quite enough of furrin parts— uothin' like old 
Englan' yet! " The stay-at-home habits of this class^ even at 
the present day, are exemplified by a fragment of a ccmversa- 
tion, overlieard a short time since by a friend, at a place 
Ehou t m idway between tlie two points spoken of, which, measured _ 
upon the map, are as nearly as may be twenty miles apart ;- 

**1 say, Jim; ever vou bin to Han' Crass?*' 

"Noa." 

" Ever bin to Aist-Hoad/yr' 

^'Noa/' 

*^ Den you ha'nt bin about much ! " 



OLD SPEECH AND MANNERS W SUSSEX- 



219 



There are still huiidreds of the same class whose travels 
liave not !>een more extensive.^ 

I said, at the outset, that few traces of superstition now 
linger among our rui^al population. I might, perhaps, have 
litied the remark hy saying, that though oui' ploughmen 
washerwomen now laugh at the notion of the existence 
of ghosts, witehes, and haunted houses, there may still he a 
lingering faith in such things in the minds of some who are 
ashamed t^ confess it. Certainly such was the cEise in the 
days of our fathei*s. I knew, in my boyhood, one or two old 
K women ATho had the reputation of heing witches. One, in par- 
VticnJar, use*l to gratify her spleen against carters, by stopping 
their heavily -laden wagons in the lane in front of her cottage ; 
though, in justice to the memory of Dame R., it ought to be 
added, that the said lane was so muddy that the ruts were 
>ften axle-deep for several months of the year. Another 
lexercised her malevolent function in causing the destruction 
o>f pigs and cattle, and in hindering the operation of churn- 
and the boiling of the tea-kettle,' The faith in fairies, 
bf, as they were locally called, "pharisees," died out, as I 
^liave elsewhere had occasion to remark, a good while since — 
the only trace of them now remaining being the dark green 
[circlets on om* downs and lowland meadows, where of old 
Ithey were wont to disport themselves. The visits of ghosts 



* A itorj 10 tolJ of nn old lady who lired abont A oontnxj dAOa, e^ither at Flampton 
lev Wcatmeaton, who wils prpjmruag for & jcmriiey to the mj^OfKilii t^ pee her dAOffhter, 
IA ^^Df] a^ked her wliat hoH of ft place she ea:p«cU^d to find LondoQ. '^Well/' «hB 



OiAJlej ; JM^ it a'nt like^eirick ! ** 

" Urheni, qnsim dioant Eomam, Melibise, putsvi 
Stultui ego hnip noatrEB fliniilem." 

' A Iftdj-memher of oor Society has Boni me the following aiiiHsdote: **Deftr Sir, — 
1 ftre ma. admirsr and ooDector of old Sasse^ iUiriiaft» tha one which I h&re to 
, Aiid wbieb oconrred m my Fatbor'0 patijiti when I wfti a Utile irirL, maj not be 
_ »plAble, u it will serre to ahew that the eudateiioe of Witchefl has not very long 
^dliAbeUeved. A famner in a remote comer of the paiiih emplojeil in his dairy an 
wdmftn, wbo alao attended to the calrea and pi^. It wo bsppsned tbdt Bcreriil 
. ___ J •nimala di&d ; and he was told bj hia nei^bbotua that it wa« all owing to hia 
ma^ A Witish in hi« houie, and tbat while he kept ber nothing woold tbriire. Tho 
h^^nuer Tfi^j beli«Ted it, and in conseqncnoe gi^ve the poor womtin notic?s(} to tjait. Bho 
e^meiii great difltreuto my Father, the Rector, to aak hie ojdvico. He fOid, *Wollj 
tteme, to fihew that 1 do not tldnk yoa are a witcli, come and dine with me on ChriAfc* 
Taha^4a,y/ which warn then close at hand. She came dressed in her beit, ojid waa very 
♦liMiirf nt for the kindiiAW; hut our tervitiite aetnally laid a Ifrocmvtki: across her path ae 
she went away, and watched to fee whether abe could walk over it^ firmly believing 
that 110 Witch co^ld do 90, They qaite expected to a^e ber Uke it np and fly awuy 
upon it!" 

-^ E 2 




220 



OLD ^!BECII AXD MAK\^BS IK SUSSEX. 



aTB like thc^e of angels^ " few and far between ;" and bannted 
housi^s, of which there used tf» be one or two in every parish^ 
are now rarely heard of* The most famous of haunted man- 
sious was Hurstmonc^ux Castle. The tradition respecting 
the Drummer, who, by liis nightly tattoo, used to keep the 
neighbouring country in agitation and akrm, was rife a 
century ago. The statements respecting that personage 
differed a good deal from each other — on one side, it was 
averred that be had been seen, a gigantic figure, three yards 
high, straddling from battlement to battlement; but the 
authorised vei"sion of the story was tliat which Addison puts 
into the mouth of the Butler : ^^ Fho ! Robin," exclaims that 
functionary to his triend the Coachman, *' I tell ye he never 
appeared yet but in the shape of the sound of a dmml" 
Whether Addison's excellent comedy was founded upon the 
legend of Ilurstmonceux does not appear, though such is the 
accepted tradition. 

In the days of our grandfathers, nearly every old mansion 
and manor-house could boast of its unearthly visitant, who 
manifested himself either in visible form, or, as was more 
frequently the case, by ^'spirit rappings'' and other awful 
sounds. Tales of dreadful mmders, or suicides, as associated 
with particular localities, formed the staple talk of the ale- 
house bench, and the " chimby -comer" of the tarm-house, 
when as yet the more wholesome pabulum of the newspaper, 
and the ability to read it-, were unknown- Stories derived 
fiom medieval romance got strangely identified with di- 
lapidated mansions, by the disposition which seems in- 
herent in our nature to give a "local habitation'* to 
the wildest legends. Take, for instance, the story of " Old 
Oxenbridge,'' of Brede Place, whose tomb in the parish 
church was cited in proof of its truthfulness. He was an 
Ogre of the direst sortj and constantly dined upon young 
children, lie lived in the days of bows and arrows, and 
was, like a great classical hero, invulnerable. The only 
means of getting rid of him was to cut him in two with a 
wooden saw. His neighbours, having manufactured such 
an implement, found means of making him drunk, and then, 
at leisure, cut him in half. There can be no doubt as to the 
truth of the relation, for the locm in quo of this *^(me saw'* 



! 



OLD SPEECH AND MANNERS IN SUSSEX, 



221 



ns still pointed out by the good people of Brede, in Stubbs's 
Lane, at a place kno^ii as the Groaning Bridge. 

There was also in Sussex another country gentleman of 

[ciinuibal propensities* This was Lunsford, of East Hothly — 
Colonel Thomas Lunsford — a great cavalier partizan in the 
Civil Wars, Butler, in '' Hudibnis/* ironically couples him 
with the far-renowned "Bloody-bones;'* and, in the same 
spirit, a mockditany of the time has the petition — 



h 



* Froin Fielding and from VavMOur, 
Buth ilUufibct^Mi men; 
From Imnifm-d eke deliver ut^ 
That eateth up ^IxMreti^. 



HoiTid pictures of him were circulated by the Round- 
beads, as we leai*n from the following lines by Cleveland: — 



h 



" Thef fe<ir 
Br en bis dog, that four-legged cavalier, 
Him that dtjvotirn the Bcrapa yplilch Lunsfttrd makca, 
"WlMwe picture feeds tj|>ati a cLild in steakB.'' * 



These stories relate to comparatively modem times, but 
there are traditions of an earlier age more like the inventions 
of an oriental roniancist, or a northern skald, than anything 
that could have originated with the phlegmatic eater of 
Sussex pudding. The legend of St. Bunstan, though pretty 
generally kno^vn, it would be unpardonable in this asso- 
- ciation to pass by, sttb silentio. Everybody has heard that — 



K eiation 1 



*' Saynt DDDstait (ab the story goes) 
Caught old Sat lianas hy y* no»e : 
Ha tugged ftoe hard aud made hyin roar* 
lliat ho was beard three milefi and more." 



But it is not so generally known, beyond the limits of our 
county, that Mayfield Place was the scene of that terrific 
encounter. It was there (and not at Glastonbury as some 
ill-informed chroniclers assert) that the fiend appeared to the 
saint in the guise of a fair lady, and that Duns tan, lieing at 
the time engaged in his tavourite recreation of forging a 
horse slioe^ on perceiving a cloven hoof protruding from the 






See aUo Mt* Bkauw's paper in S^u, AtcL 



222 



OLD SPEECH AND MANNEES IN SUSSEX* 



voliiniinuiis folds of the mferoal crinoliue, seized the Demon's 
nose with his red-hot piBcers, (The pincers as well as the 
Saint's anvil and hammer still exist at Mayfield as Irrefra- 
gahle evidence of the statement). On the application of the 
hot iron, the evil one burst through the roof of the building, 
Dunstan holding on at the other end of the forceps, with that 
pertinacity which ever diatinguished his conduct. Away 
they went tlu^oiigh the air, with the speed of a rifle buUet^ a 
full league of space, until the sulphurous composition of the 
nasal orpan gave way to the heat of the implement, and the 
Saint fell to the ground near a bridge, which still bears his 
name. In order to cool his tongs, Dunstan took a leisurely 
walk to Tunbridge Weils, into the waters of wliich he thrust 
them, and hence the taste of quenched iron which even 
this day those waters retain ! 



B™ 



hieh^ 
»yiJH 



The legend of the '' Devirs Dyke," near Poynings, is so we" 
known, thi*ough the clever versicles of a Sussex antiquary, 
the late W* Hamper, Esq,, that it is not necessary here tu 
reproduce it* 

There is many an elenge spot in Sussex where the Dtimon 
used to appear in alJ ^m horrors of horn and tail with whieli 
he is invest4>d by the medieval painter; and in many a W( 
land ^listrict it is, perhaps even still, an item of boy: 
creed that if you go a-nutting on Sundays, Satan will come ^ 
to your assistance, and hold down the boughs for you!^ ^H 

The spectre of St. Leonard's Forest has nearly fiided froi^^ 
popular memory. lu the days of our grandfathers, woe to | 
the unhappy horseman who should, at night, enter the 
chai'med precincts of that ancient wood ; for a headless figure 
of a man, disregarding alike both menaces and prayei^ 
would vault behind him upon the crupper, and thus accom- 
pany him (in a manner reminding one of Horace's ^^ Po^^ 
equitem sedet atra cura") to the opposite verge of the fores^H 
This spectre was known as " Squire Paulett;*' but of his hi^^ 
tory, and how and wherefore he lost his head, nothing seems 
to be known; unless, indeed, he was identical with William 
Powlett^ Esq., a captain of the Horse- Grenadiers, in the 
reign of King George 1- This gentleman certainly lived at 



" Ab blaci m Uia Deril'i nming-bag^'* u % woU-kaowji SiiweiproTCrb. 



OLD f?PEECH AND MANNERS IN SUSSEX, 



223 






t< LeonanVs Forest, and he lies Imried in West Grinstead 
church under a monuTuent by Rysbrach. which is reported to 
ave cost £2,0()0. The period of Captain Powlett*s death^ 
746, independently of the fact of that personage having 
died ttith hh head on, is yqtj much os^atnst the idea of his 
having become a ghost of the medievRl type. The Aldriflge 
family, who succeeded to his property, have no tradition which 
lesists us on the subject, 

St. Leonard, the patron of this forest, manifested little 
te for sylvan music when he excluded the nightingale from 
its purlieus. Three hundred years ago, divers "credible par- 
sons" assured Dr* Andrew Borde, that that lard " wyl syng 
round about the forest ; but never within the precincte of the 
forest.'' Such I understand is still the local belief, but 
whether it is founded upon evidence, I must leave to our 
great Sussex ornithologist, Mr. A. E, luiox, or some other 
equally ' credible parson * who knows the district, to decide. 
Otturd park, in Kent^ is said to he equally forbidden ground 
'sweet Philomel,' in consequence of St. Thomas of Canter^ 
iiry*s having been disturbed in his devotions by her charm- 
ing melody J** 

This antipathy to the voluptuous music of the bird of night 

appears not to be limited to the saints of old, for it is a ftict, 

no less true than shameful, that within the last ten years, and 

within less than that number of miles from our county- town, 

^B ijentknmn (?) caused the nightingales of the surrounding 

^kroves to be sliot." 

H^^ But we mui^t return for a moment to St. Leonards Forest^ 

t for there, some two centuries and a half since, ap[)eared a 

prodigy which is entitled to a high rank among Sussex tradi^ 

tions. Faygate and its vicinity are now accommodated with 

a railway station, but at the date in question that locality 

r was " a vast unfrequented place, heatlMC, vanltie, full of un- 

^prholesome shades and overgrown hollowes,'* and, worse still, 

HbH the habitation of a direful Dragon ! Concerning this 

*• 8ee LambardeV Pi^rambalation of Kent, in loco. 

** To prereat tlie poesibility of the '* saddle boiDg put apon tho wrong Lorie/' let me Wikj 
Out the p«rfloa in question was only the ti^Tnpnmry tenar)t of an old mansion, ami tlmt 

the aightiug&left of now onjoj iniirmTiity frtsin lir^ inm. If ^uy thine t'ouM pof^sibly 

add to thft enormitf of aljootinflr the nightingales at all, It .vonld be the feet, tliiit iVouk 
tlmt refy house gcK»d Gilbert W bite wrote several of hia moat loving lettera ftbatit wow- 
l^Ul^ swAllowfi^ and sand-martina. 



lOt: 

N 



224 



OLD SPEECn AND MANNERS IN SUSSEX, 



monster there was published a tract Tfith the following long- 

winded title : — 

'' Tnie and Wonderful : a discourse relating to a strange 
monstrous sei'pent or dragon lately discovered, and yet Uving 
to the great annoyance and divers slaughters, both of aien and 
cattle by his strong and violent poyson in Sussex, two miles 
from Horsham, in a wood called St, Leonard's Forest^ and 
thirtie miles from London, this present month of August^ 
1614, with the tiiic generation of set-pents; printed at London, 
by John Tnmible, 1614/' 

The niouBter was not of very serpentine proportions^ being 
''nine feet or rather more in length, and shaped almost in the 
form of an ajde-tr-ee of a caf% a quantitie of thickness in the 
middest, and somewhat smaller at both ends!'' he was 
blackish upon the back, and red under the belly, and beside.^ 
having large feet (it is not specified whether he had two, 
like the heraldric wyvern; four like the dragon of St. George ;j 
or six like the orthodox dragon of our early naturalists — jf 
he was liirnished with two large bunclie.s " so big as afoote* 
ball, wliich as some think will grow to wings**' *' I hope,'* 
adds tlie narrator " that God will so defend the poor people 
in the neighbourhood, that he shall be destroyed befors he 
growe to fiedge,'' He left a track behind him, '' as by a small 
similitude we may perceive in a snail," Ills "former part'' 
he could '' shoote forth as a necke, supposed to be al)out an 
ell long," He was '' of countemince very proud,*' and car- 
ried liimself "with great arrogancie/' He cast his venom 
"about 4 roddes/' thereby killing a man, a woman, and two 
mastiifs. He did not, liowever, devour his victims, either 
human or canine, but lived chiefly upon the conies of a 
neighbouring warren, which was found to be *' much scanted 
and impaired in the increase it had been wont to afibrd/' 
This marvellous relation is attested by the Horsham carrier^ 
"who lieth at the White-Horse in Southwark/* and also hy 
John Steele, Christopher Holder, ^^and a midow-woman 
dwefh'ng at Fa y gate J- 

I see no probability in the notion that this production was 
intended, as Mr. Horsfield seems to suggest^ for a " Inmpoon 
upon some petty tyrant of the district.*' In days when tlie 
King himself could write a treatise of D^monologiej and 



QLU SPEECH A2SD MAA^^NEllS IN SUSSEX, 



225 



I a great philosopher like Sir Thomas Brown could 

»plt!<lge bimself to a lielief in witches, it was no great stJ*ain 
upon the faith of the Horsham carrier and the "widow- 
woman of Fay -gate" tf> admit the existence of this dreadful 
monster, which perhaps was, after all, nothing more than 
some mis-shapen log of wood, that their superstitions fears 
hiul converted into a dragon* The disappearance of conies 

Pfrora the warren is attributable, no doubt, to local poachers^ 
who would be interested in circulating the marvellous tale ; 
and, finally, the story lost nothing in its passage through the 
• hands uf the ^^penny-adiner" who prepared it for the press. 
There is a more romantic legend, which makes St. Leo- 
nard himself — after the pattern of the earlier saints, Michael 
and George — the slayer of the dragon. It would appear 
that^ after many a rough skirmish, the saint came off vic- 
t-onous; and it may be reckoned as the prettiest relic of the 
^legendary lore of Sussex, that, wherever the blood of the 
■.saint was spilled during the dread encounter, there sprang up 
' abundance of '' lilies of tlie valley,'' which, in their delicious 
livery of white and green, still adorn and perfume various 
s|K)ts in the Forest. Would that I could stop here ; but the 
legend goes on to state that the saint, on being asked what 

•jeward he wuuld like for his merit^>rious service, demanded 
the eternal silence of the nightingale before referred to, 
wliieh was granted ; and hence it was predicated of the Forest, 
rthat in it^ — 

The belief in monstrous serpents lurking among the woods 
of the Weald of Sussex was not quite extinct in my boyhood, 
and it might very possibly be traced up through the middle 
ages to the period of Scandinavian and Teutonic romance ; 
and when a great part of the county yet remained in a 
condition of forest, it would always be the interest of 
smugglers, gamekeepers, woodmen, and such like, to invest 

.their several spheres w^ith terrors for the young and the 
reak-minded, and to ■' breathe a browner horrour o'er the 

Voods," 



XIII- 



2 F 



226 



OLD SPEECH AND MASIfEBS IK StTSSKX. 



It would tiike a long time to recount all the now obsi^lefe 
superstitions of lonely glens and haunted dells in Sussex*' 
Nearly every unfrequented comer had its demon in the form 
of a black dog; while under every sequestered wooilen bridge 
an old woman without a head was supposed to be eug^iged 
with her spinning-wheeL In the ^^ drove-way" betweea 
Kingston (near Lewes) and the marshes of the Ouse, one 
" goblin damned" was doomed to a penance more hopeless 
than even that of Sisyphus, or the Danaidc&, or of him wIiq 
had to make a rope of sand; for his ever-unaccompHsbei 
labour was, under the figure of a black calf, to spin chard 
incessantly I 

Some of the wildest of old Susses legends are ih 
which relate to the sites of churches. It seems that maa] 
of our church-builders indulged a perverse propensity 
choose a wrong spot for the erection of their edifices. For 
example, at Alfriston the foundations of the sacred buildi] 
were originally laid in a field on the west side of the to 
now known as the Savyne-Croft ; but every night the ston 
that had been laid during the previous day were hurled by su 
natural ageney over the houses into a field called '* the 1^ 
where the church now stands. It is added tliat a certain 
wise man had observed in that field four oxen lying aslee; 
nimp to rump, in the form of a cross, and that that incidei 
suggested the cruciform arrangement which was ultimatelj 
carried out in the building! A similar tale was current 
Waldron. The materials for a church which had been depo- 
sited in a field on Horeham Farm were removed by a like 
mysterious agency to the present site of Waldron church. In 
confirmation of this legend, the spot, near Horeham, is still 
called Church Field. Another miracle according to the folk- 
lore of East Sussex gave rise to the name of the parish 
Udimore, I have already committed the legend to print»'^ I 
as it will be new to many, I shall be pardoned for self-qi 
tation here. 

" At Udimore, near Eye, the villagers have a legend tl 
their forefathers, in ages long bygone, began to build them" 
selves a church on the opposite side of the little river H 




i 



w In my CGtitriimifmt U LUtraim^ pi 3* 



OLD SPEECH AND BCANNERS IN SUSSEX. 



227 



to that where it was eventually reared. Night after night 
however, witnessed the dislocation of huge stones from the 
^wmlb huilt on the preceding day, and the pious work Imde 
BSur to be interminable. Grave suspicions arose among the 
^parishioners that they had selected an unholy, and conse- 
^muently an improper, site for the liuilding, and these were 
^KTentually confirmed, Unseen hands hurled the stones to 
"the opposite side of the stream, and an awful supernatural 
voic€ in the air uttered^ in warning and reproachful tones, 
the words, ^O'er the mere; o'er the mere;' thus at once 
indicating a more appropriate situation for the sacred edifice^ 
and by anticipation conferring a name upon it ; for the trans- 
formation of the plirase " O'er the vierej^' into Udimore, was 
a difiicnlty little calculated to shake the faith of the unso- 
phisticated Boeotians, who could swallow the more wondi'ous 
and remarkable incidents of the legend/* 

Nor must we forget the legend of May field Church, which, 
^Jike all other of our Wealden churches, was originally con* 
^ktructcd of timber. St Dunstan, observing that it did not 
^■MBid East and West, applied his shoulders to the edifice and 
^Hrewed it into its proper '* orientation!" Whether the 
OTor had originated from the ignorance of the village 
Wrights, or from the malice of St, Dunstan's ancient enemy, 
the Devil, is not ascertained. It is likely however to hava 
been the latter^ for it is added that^ at a subsequent date, 
when the wooden church was replaced by a stone one, Satan 
used every night to set wrong what had been done the day 
before. For ages the print of his foot was shewn in a neigh- 
bouring quarry, where he was accustcimed to resist the work- 
^men employed in procuring stones for the new edifice! 
H^ At Echingham there is a singular tradition. The church 
^Btt originally enclosed by a moat — a remarkable appendage 
^Bn sanctuary, but pointing to the rude old times when in 
eeisODS of war and civil commotion men turned the House of 
God into a fortress. At the bottom of this moat there lies^ 
says the legend, a great bdL How it came there is not 
known, nor will it ever be seen by mortal eyes until six yoke 
of white oxen shall be brouglit to the spot to drag it again to 
daylight. There is something very Scandinavian about this 



story^ which ia doubtless 



of great antiquity. 
2 F 2 



There is said 



OLD SPEECH A^T) MA55EltS IK S0SLSEX. 



iPti 

m 



to be ft similar sunken bell at Isfidd, near the confluence 
of the Uckfield stream with the Ousc* 

But enough of this iblk-lore. Let ns now torn to a ft 
matters of more homely interest in Sussex customs^ eithi 
obsolescent or entirely obsolete. Some of these are, so far 
I know, peculiar to our county. 

The first that I shall mention was practised less than a 
century ago at Eastbourne, under the designation of '" St^ps 
and Ale." 

The senior bachelor of the parish was elected by tlie inhabi- 
tants to the office of steward, who in right of his dignity 
had committed to his charge a damask napkin, a great 
wooden bowl^ twelve wooden trenchers, a dozen of wooilen 
knives and forks, two wooden candlesticks, and two wood* 
sugfir-basins. The duties of the otficial were the^e. Whe: 
ever a matron within the parish increased her family, tl 
steward went to the church door on the Sunday fortnighf 
next after that interesting event, with a white wand in his 
hand, and there publicly proclaimed that sops and ale would 
be ready that evening at such and such a house. Permission 
had of course been previously obtained trom the head of th^j 
family, whether he was gentleman, tradesman, or farmer, andH 
the course of proceeding was as follows : Three tables wer^^ 
placed in some convenient room^ one of which was covere^j 
with the damask above alluded to, and furnished with j^ 
china bowl, plates, and silver -handled knives and forks. The 
bowl was filled with biscuits steeped in wine, and sweetened 
with fine sugar. Table B was also covered with a cloth, 
and bedecked with china or other earthenware, and had its 
bowl with beer sops, sweetened with fine sugar. Decent 
knives and forks were also provided. Upon table C there 
was no cloth at all, and it was simply an'anged with knives, 
forks, and trenchers, the wooden candlesticks, and bowh with 
beer sops sweetened with the coarsest sugar. These pre- 
liminaries having been arranged, the invitees proceeded, after 
evening prayers, to the house of the entertainer, and wer^^ 
placed in the following order. Those persons whose wiv^^| 
had presented them with twins were seated at the upper 
table, and were addressed as benchers. Those whose partners hud 
blessed them in a minor degree were arranged round table 



OLD SPEECH AND BANNERS HT SrSSEX, 



229 



^ \ while the unfortunate folk who were married but cliild- 
less, together with the old bachelors, were placed at tahlc C, 
which was styled the ''bachelors' table/' Various toasts 
were given and responded to, and the company always broke 
up at the temperate hour of eight, " generally very chearful 
/and good tempered,"*' 

H At Eaj?tboume, also^ the following remarkable custom pre- 
Wrailed down to a comparatively recent period* " On the 
I first three Sundays in August a public breakfast is given at 
I the parsonage-hoiLse by the tenants of the great tythes to the 

■ farmers and tlieir servants, each farmer being entitled to send 
I two servants for every wagon that he keeps ; so that if a 

■ farmer has five wagons to do his necessary husineBS he may 
send ten servants, and so in proportion for a less or greater 
number* The fanners are entertained in the parlour with a 

I sirloin of hot roast beef^ cold ham, Sussex cheese,^* strong 
ale and geneva; the men are entertained in the barn Avith 
everything the same as their masters, except the beet: It is 
presumed that this custom had its origin from the time the 
tythes were first taken in kind in this parish, in order to 
keep all parties in good humour/* 
B That the Eastbourne Sunday jollities should have become 
obsolete is no matter of regret. There are other customs 
that are dying out, to which no objection on the ground of 
good morals would be applicable. When an East Sussex 
farmer departed this life he was usually conveyed to tlie grave 
in a wagon drawn by his best tearn of horses, the labourers 
dressed !u black smock-frocks forming the body of the cor- 
thge. The Sussex smock-frock (or round-frock)^ was a 
** speciality " of the county. Though now the badge of the 
humblest rank, it was not always so, and " round-frock 
farmer," is still a phrase applied to the husbandman who 
. takes a personal sliare in the labours of the holds which 
Hhe occupies and sometimes owns, I have heard it stated 



" For thk and the followiiig account of ^Eaitboafne cnsiomsj I Am intlebti? J to an 
linusiTig but ujost iUitomto produclicm euUtled — Efistkitirne und ttit Enrlron^^ IJSJ^ 

" Tliom? who may b«iucliii«idto andervuhie ** 8ujis(^x cheos**," or fts it was coinnidnly 

deii^niLtad, country oheeso, may bi* UiM tUat I liove hourd an sx-tr»gi'QiLrian di^eljiri* tliut 

Itie bcirtr elie«fSB he eTflr ha&tod wua tngLde lu (pf^rLaiJe) th*i most barren of Sussex 

I pnHifihcs — HotlieTficld. I am happy to learn that reEklly g-txid nii>rki.$tiiblu elioeuti is 

|«till produced by ootne enterprising dairymen in the Eautem Birijiiou of the coanty. 



230 



OII> SPEECH AND MANI^HS IX SUSSEX. 



that John Edwartlsi Esq.^ of Herrings^ in MsTfield, who was 
High-Sheriff of the county in 1744, dressed his javelin-mett 
in * round frocks^' and, so attended, performed the duties of his 
shrievalty at assizes^ &c-| during his term of office* 

Notwithstanding the proyerbial rudeness of the inhabitants 
of a forest district^ such liS a great part of Sussex con tinned 
to be down to a late period, I think the people of oar Weald- 
Wildishers as the men of the South-Downs and the sea-coast coq^ 
temptaously culled them**^ — were not wanting in a kind of rtistifl 
courtesy- In many an East-Sussex parish it was quite customary? 
in the last generation for the natives to touch their hats to everyj 
well-dressed stranger whom they met, and in a cheery tone 
bid him *'gi3od morning/* as if to welcome hira to the locality." 
This practice is nearly obsolete, especially in the neighbour-^ 
hood of towns, and its revival would be by no means objec^^^ 
tionable^ How different this urbane conduct from that 
of a c^^rtain mining district^ where, if an unprotected stranger 
makes his appeamnce^ it is customary to ^*' 'eave 'arf a brick 
at him !" Let it not be supposed^ however, that all Sussex 
folk were so refined in sentimentp One of their peculiarities 
was the dislike they had of disclosing their names to any 
one who might be interested in the inquiry* Thirty or 
forty years ago there was a kind of proverbial dialogue, in 
^^ lurry'' like this: — 

*'Wliat'ByerBaiim?" 
** Pudden And tafim ; 
Ak m& agiti, and Fil teU je da Baam."i« 

What was meant by ta-iim, or tame, I could never under- 
stand: the '* pudden*' would come home to every Sussex 
man's — stomach.'^ Hospitality was formerly much more pre- 
Talent in our farm-houses and cottages than at the present 




" The County w^i AOtoetimei nicknamed *' Sillj Susaei/' 
'* A ttoTj IE tfild of a Sontli'Dawn man wlio did not know eit;lit»r Ms owv 
ilial of tho rUliigi? in which lie resided, und who woa obliged to bo **ased agtn" befcvi^ 
the rcqui«ita anewier euuld be elicited. A perBon badljei - ■ * ^ 

liiiii 



rcqui«ita anewiCT euuld be elicited. A perBon bad Ijeen d^jpoted to eoqairo far 
Mr. Poco4.'k of Alcinton," aod meeting a. lalKiur^r near tbe plow ia oue«tion^ ho ailwd 
if be onuld point out the reeidenoQ of the individnAl. ** Noa, wa« the rtiplf^ 



J 



heerd an Mm^ and don't know no litdi place." It afb^rward^ turtieil out that tlj 
pmtwnM was no other thjin the desidenled '^Mr. Pocook' himnelf I " Whi/"^ Baid Iti 
wh^n the trae saturo of tb© enquifj dswned Qpon him^-'* jon ahouid W nicd foi^ 
Ma^t^rPalkof Ahflon." 



Mr. W, 0. Cooper 9KLgge&U that tarn* u connected with tbe obmlete verb lo tam«^ 

iii^i to htottoh or ta^tt^ liquor. " Padding and taiae" would therefore mean f<MNi »aa 
driak. 



OLD SPEECH AND MANNERS IN SUSSEX. 



231 



\ 



I 



I 



day. Hence, though by no means a laudator temporis acti^ 
I cannot help thinking that a greater amonnt of refinement 
in manners has driven from our midst some homely social 
virtues that would have been better retained. 

Sussex does not present any marked diflference in its 
popular customs from those of other counties. Mr. Ilorsfleld 
has collected some traits of old usages in the second vol nine 
of his History of Lewes. The practice of strewing flowers 
on a newly-married pair as they leave the church is one 
of these. This is of high antiquity, but is nearly extinct. 
Thirty or forty years ago it was quite common, and every 
Lrid*^groom in tolerable circumstances had to disburse a few 
shillings to the strowers in retm*n for the compliment.'® A 
still more interesting and afieeting custom was formerly preva- 
lent, though it is now, I believe, quite disused. When a young 
unmarried woman died, a wreath of white flowers was laid 
upon her coffin, and so borne with it to the church, within 
which, after the interment, it was suspended, and often 
remained there for many years, a striking and scriptural 
illustration of mortality. I am informed that about seventy 
years since several such " virgins' garlands" were to be seen 
hanging in Alfriston church. 

These were tributes of respect ; but there was a kind of 
strowing which was not complimentary. When differences 
arose between man and wife, and the former was guilty of 
violence, it was customary to lay some straw and chaff before 
the door, to sjTuboli^e the thrashing that had taken place 
within ! 

The observance of May-Day has become, here as else- 
where, nearly obsolete- The maypole on the village green 
lM?hmgs to the past. Within the last thirty years many a 
wayside inn had a tall one, crowned with a large birch 
broom, before its door ; but such a thing is now rarely seen. 

The collecting of alms, in money or in goods, on St. 
Thomas's day, is also obsolescent. Formerly, the old women 
of every parish went from house to house to beg something 

" Mt» W, D. Cooper remind* me that smgar^plniua were also used for strowim in 
Enei Soatex ; and iLsit Members of ParUamimt were ^frtni^^d in tbit m&tuior at ibc4r 
dkuurioif. He also mformM me that at Wiaeheliea, on the lattor OQCflJiion, the riihi,te of 
the towium^ra was borrowed^ and, together vd^ ailT@r garhmds, wa« caxrio<i m tho 



232 



OLD SPEECH ASD HANKERS Df SU3SE3L 



xir- 



wherewitli to provide for the festivities of Christmas^ 
miller gave each dame a little Jlour^ the grw^r a few raisii] 
the butcher an cmIiI Ijit af lieef, and so on. From persons nd 
in trade a donation in raonej was expected* iri some parts 
of Sussex this vnis called *' gi>odiiig*dav," becaiisc goods were 
then collected. In other villages it was known as '' dokimj 
day^'' from the Anglo-Saxon dal or dola^ signifying a por- 
tion. Bailej defines dole as " a part or pittance/' tin 
ordinary acceptation, and adds, '* a gift of a nobleman to 
people.*' Hence the high antiquit)^ of the practice is 
parent. 

Sussex has never been very famous for proverljs of a local 
character — few counties less so- I have aheady (luoted two 
or tlii-ee. Fuller, in his '' Worthies of England,'' has one 
which he associates with one of our towns, namely; *'He 
none of the Hastings,*' which was said of a person who wi 
slow and tardy in any business or engagement. I do not 
know that the chief of the Cinque Ports was ever remarkabl 
in this respect; indeed the reverse of slowness has markt 
its character in modern days in an eminent degree,*^ The 
same quaint writer notes the excellence of " the Arundel 
mullet^ the Chichester lobster, the Selsey cockle, and tti«H 
Amberley trout/' Whether this fishy conipliraent has, oi^ 
ever hadj any foundation in truth, I know not;*" perhaps it 
was simply a joke against the people of the four pluces, like 
that which used to designate the inhabitants of Seafordj 
*^ shags^^' or cormoranta, and those of Brighthelmston '^^'m^^,* 
whatever that word may mean. 

Another forgotten Sussex proverb mentioned by Fuller : 
historical :— 

" WtKte tbe Abbot of Battel, 

Wlien the Prior of Lc wea is taken priaoiier ;** 

in other words, ^' When a man falls into difficulties, let his 
neighbours beware/* This proverb originated in the capture 

'^ Perhaps a compHmani to the ptfoplo of HaAtinyri w^s oonvejed by tho proTetb^j 

^ Simj*> ihtf abo¥e was pat m typ(>, 1 haTo been infyrined bj tJae Ber, Kdward Torna 

t?iat thoie foor Went SfUfl^x locftbtiD? eitht^r were or 4IIII &T& prodactiTe of the fishes ii 

gut^ion. Mr* Tnmer obfl^rrefl,thtit twenty-five ycari Ago "fc^ fine grej moLbtii wwt 

isaught b«tw**on Atimdel bridge nnd th(i*>a, and it i»a curious drcuniitancu that thougifa 




4 



ouudniicd Mr. T., 'Ss atiD famed for its cockles; oiid of the excellejace of the Amh^^ij 
trout I can speak from i^itpi^ri^iiLoe/' 



OLU SPEECH AND MjVNKEES EN SUSSEX, 



2^3 



of Jobn de Cariloco, prior of Lewes, by the French, on Rot- 
tingdeaii Hill, whither he had gone with Sir John Falslej 

iand Sir Thomas Cheney, with an extemporised regiment, 
ito oppose the invaders* The Prior and the two Knights were 
made prisoners, and abont a hundred of their followers 
perished on the field of battle. This was in 1377. 
I Another local proverb^ forgotten by the many, has been 
lately brought to remembrance by the calamity which has 



** If Chichester Church -Steeple fall^ 
la England there^ii no King at all ;" 



or^ more prosaically, 



* When ChiohefltfiT steopla f&!1«, there will be no King In Engl&nd*'* 



I 

^m PnmA faeie^ this oracular prediction might appear to 
Hrefer to the downfall of monarchy, but its fulfilment having 
Boccurred during the reign of a Queen— Mi^ long may it he 
^before we have a King !— we trust that though the Spire 
^has fallen, the Throne is as secure as ever. The oracles of 
Hantiquity maintained their credit by ambiguities, and our 
HSussex proverb has well conformed to their rule»®* 
B Although Sussex hiis produced many true poets, we have 
had neither a Eobert Burns, nor a William Barnes amongst 
ns, who coidd clothe poetical thoughts in the vernacular of 
our peasantry. Nor are there^ so far as I know, any legend- 
ary ballads which have a specific association with our 
» county ; but there are two or three rhythmical compositions, 
bnce familiar to Sussex men, which may serve to form an 
appropriate conclusion to the present paper<^ 

** I cannot help aUaJiwg here to tli** somewhat slmikr predictive pt ov«rb mentioned 
hj Lord Baoon in hk " Easftji/' OJimcly : 

" When HEMPE ia sptin, 
Etiglftnd'a dooe j" 

the interpretatimii being, that when the five monarchy, Henry VIII, Edwarcl YI, Mary 
uidl Pliibp, and Elkab^tb, ia other word a, the Tador dynarty, had died out, the mou^ 
arehy of Kn^hLnd proper ** ceased and deter mi tied," bec-ause^ at the accession of Jame« 
tW llrrt, tl^ fityle of the moao^rch waa cbiinged from King of Kn^and to Kiiig of 
Gr«st Britain. 
** The rettdcT who admirea thin rpecies of Htemtnre, ia referred to a T^ry cutrioui and 

Ketty ballad, epiiUed ■'The Trne Mayde of tha South/ printed in Mr. HoUowayA 
irtory of Byo, 

xm. 2 G 



234 



OLD SPEECH A^D BIAN^HERS IX SUSSEX. 



One of these is a Sussex tthistling song, which was for* 
merly popular, and wliich, it would seem, is not yet entirelj 
forgotten. It has lately appeared in print in Bellas ** AncieDt 
Poems, Ballads, and Songs of the Peasantry of England."" 
The printed copy, to avoid some coarseness, has been con- 
siderably modified; and I venture in some passages etiU 
further to modify it, in order to preserve rhythm, &c. " The 
tune," observes the editor, '^ is LiUibulero^ and the song b 
sung as follows. The first line of each verse is given as a 
solo; then the tune is continued by a chorus of whistlm 
who whistle that portion of the air which, in LillibukrOi 
would be sung to the w^ords * Lillibulero bullem a la#' The 
songster then proceeds with the tune, and sings the whole of 
the verse through, after which the strain is resumed and 
concluded by the whistlers* The elfcct^ when continued by 
the strong whistles of a group of lusty countrymen, is veij 
striking, and cannot be adequately conveyed by description. 



WHISTLING SONG, 
There was an old Fanner in Susseic did dwelL 

Th^To was an old Furmor in Snssex did dwell^ 
And lie bad a bad wife^ m mtkuy knew well. 

Tben Satan came to the old man at the plough — 
** One of your faraity I muBt have now, 

*' It is not jour eJdeat Bon that I do craves 
Bnt 'tis your old wife ; and she I will have." 

" 1 welcome, good Satan, with all my heart ; 
I hope you and she will never more jjart I " 

Now Batan he got the old wifo on hii back, 
And ho lugge^Ll her along like a pedlar's pack. 

He trudg^l away till he (^ame to Ids gate^ 

Says he — " Here, take an old Sussex man 'a mate*" 

01 then abo did kick all the yoang imps about; 
Sayi ooe to the other, " Lot's try turn her out t" 

6he spied seven devila, all dancing in cbaips ; 

She up with hi*r pattcna and knocked out their brains. 

She knockM old Satan against the wall : 

** Let's try turn her out, or she'll murder us all !*' 

Now he's bundled her up on his back amain. 
And to her old husband he'^ look Uer again. 

*' IVe been a tormentor the whole of my life ; 
But I ne'er was tormented till 1 took your wifeT* 

" Pag© 306. 



OLD SrEECU AND M.i:s'NERS IN SUSSEX* 235 

This song, I am informed, is still sung with " various 

idings," of no very delicate order, at harvest^suppers, and 
rther festive meetings, in some parts of the county. 

I shall conclude these " unconsidered trifles** with a ballad, 
which, so fiir as I know, hixs not yet been committed to the 
custody of print. It has the true smack of antiquity. It 
was kindly written down for my use, from the memory of an 
aged inliabitant of East Sussex, by Mi% James Howell, of 
Brighton, himself a cultivator — and no mean one — of the 
gentle art of poesy, and an ardent lover of his native county 
and its olden associations. It contains no allusions to Sussex, 
and is probably not the peculiar property of the county ; but 
since, so far as I am aware, it appears in no collection, it is 
quit^e worthy of preservation. 

It is entitled — 

THE NORTHEEH KNIGHT. 

A NoriJiero Knight from the Northern Ifludsj 

He cauie a wooltig to me; 
He said he would take me to the Northern Iwida, 

And there he wonld marry me, 

" Cb, fetch me some of your ffttber^s gold, 

And BOme of your mother'a fee^ 
And two of the best nags out of the fltable. 

When* there stand thirty and thnee V 

Bbe fetched him some of her fath^r'e gold, 

And tome of her mother'^ fee^ 
And two of the best nags out of the stable, 

Where there atood thirty and three. 

Bhe mcmnted on her milk-white ateed^ 

And hs on the dapple grey; 
The)^ rode till they eaiiie to a fair riTer*8 aide. 

Six hoiirB before it wa^ day. 
** Bifmount, dismount thy milk-white steod, 

And deliver it nnto me ; 
For iix pretty maidens IVe drownfed hero, 

And thou the seventh shnlt be t 

" FttU oif, pull off thy ailken clothea. 

And deliver them unto me; 
For 'tifl not fitten Buch ailken ciothea 

Should rot all in the salt ai3«k'' 

*' If I mnM pull off my silken olothei, 

Pray turn thy bick from me [ 
For 'tie oot nieet such a ruflSan as thou 

A naked maiden should see.'' 

He turned then his back unto her, 

And viewed the leaves ao green [ 
Bhe took him round the middle 80 snudl, 

And tumbled him into the streftm 1 

2 2 



236 OLD SPEECH AND MAl^NEBS IN SUSSEX. 

He dawbM high, and he dawbM low, 

Until he came to the side ; 
** Take hold of my hand, my pretty PoUee, 

And thou shalt he my Inide." 

** Sir, lie thou there, fJUfle-hearted man. 

Sir, lie there instead of me; 
For six pretty maidens yoa've drowndd there^ 

But the seventh has drownM thee !** 

She mounted on her milk-white steed. 

And led the dapple-grey, 
She rode till she came to her other's hall 

Three hours before it was day. 

The parrot being in the window so high. 

And seeing the lady did say — 
" What ails you, what ails you, my pretty ladie, 

That you travel so long before day 7'* 

** Don*t prittle nor prattle, my pretty Pollee, 

Nor tell any tales by me. 
And your cage shall be made of glittering gold, 

Though now it be made of tree"^ 

Now the King being in his chamber so high, 

And hearing the parrot, did say : 
" What ails you, what ails you, my pretty Police, 

That you prattle so long ere 'tis day 7" 

*' 'Tis no laughing matter," the parrot did say, 

'Tis no laughing matter," says she ; 
" For the cats had got into the window so high, 

That I was a feared they'd have me." 

" Well tumM, well tumM, my pretty Pollee, 

Well tumM, well tumdd for me ; 
Your cage shall be made of the glittering gold, 

And the door of the best ivorie !" 

As a tail-piece to this paper I introduce the old " sheep- 
hook" of a South-Down shepherd. It differs in form from any 
that I have met with in other districts. The village of Pye- 
combe was; long ago, the place where these "hooks" were 
made, and a Pyecombe hook was indispensable to every able 
leader of a flock. 




** TVee, an archaism for wood. 



ll 



mu 








.- .^t-.s-, a; ; I f, !3 1, Psi 1 n^ I n<S5 .'^?'>=^ 



MUBAL PAmilNGS IN 8LAUGHAM CHURCH 



By the Rev. Q H. CAMPION, M.A, 



BuniNG the progress of some extensive alterations in Slaiigham 
Church, there were discovered on the north wall under 
several coats of whitewash, the paintings of which engravings 
are here given. The traces of other paintings are to be seen^ 
and there is no doubt that all the walls of the church were 
once covered with sacred or legendary subjects; but the 
two given are the only ones which could be deciphered with 
sufficient accuracy to warrant their insertion in the Collec- 
tions of the Sussex ArchsBological Society. 

The subjects in the first compartment (No* 1) are: — 

1. — The Scourging of our Lord* 

% — The Crucifixion. 

3. — A figure bearing a close resemblance to a large fish 
caught in a net 

4, — The Last Supper, in a style of art rather higher than 
that of the paintings on the upper part of the walL 

It will be observed that the insertion of a window has cut 
off the upper portion of the figuies seated at the table, 
leaving the Saviour's figure entire, while the feet only of the 
Apostles are seen below* 

On the table are two wafers, marked with the cross, a 
chalice, cniet, and three bowls. The small tower behind 
the table is probably a representation of the sacraments 
haUsleiuj so common in German churches, and formerly used 
in this country, as the following extract testifies ; — 



238 



MUEAL PADTTDiGS O SLAUGHiLM CHURCH, 



"Stamimiis sacnunenmin corporis et sanguinis Domini 
nostri Jesu X^, io dec^nti tabernacnlo, vel ex lapide, vel ex 
ligno et ferro, tantae amplitudinis sic constmendo, et fabre- 
faciendo, at sacram pixidem in qua reconditur sacramentuml 
ootnniode reeipere possit^ super summum altare sub sahi 
eilstocli&, sens et clavibus firmanda^ in fiiturum recondatur/'j 
— Vzsi^tio JEccles. Dundm^ 1556- 

If the subject below the crucifix is rightly c5onjectured 
represent a fish caught in the net, it is no uncommon em- 
blem of the soul in purgatory ; indeed, the net of sin^ or 
Satan^ is a figure of speech by no means obsolete among 
divines of the pre^nt day, though perhaps few of them are 
aware tliat it is drawn from the storied walls of our old 
churches. The border running along the side and upper 
part of the paintings is formed of a flower with eight petals^ 
frequently used for this purpose ; the ornaiuents below seem 
to be shells* These borders are still distinctly visible on the 
stonework of the window ; but, as they are painted on the 
inserted work, and cut the figures, they must be regarded as 
the product of a later age. 

In the second compartment (No, 2) the subject of a soid's 
passage to lleaven is treated in a style of art very different 
from that usually employed in the mural paintings of our 
churches. 

The soul is swathed in a shroud, having the appearance of 
linen, and borne up towards Heaven by two Angels. Its 
course is intercepted by a large vulture; and three female 
figures at the side of the picture ai*e gazing upwards in the 
attitude of prayer. 

The easy flow of the drapery, and the expressive features 
of these figures^ have led those to whom the sketches have 
been submitted, to suppose that some later artist has 
touched the paintings. 

Two members of our committee familiar with the works 
of Koger Mortimer, an itinerant painter of considerable 
merit, who flourished in the early pai*t of the last century, and 
was uncle of the celebrated John Hamilton Mortimer/ of 






( This fuailj were descended frQm the gr^t hiftofiml Moitiiii«Ei^ 



D^5, 




'^^u^:^%h^uGn^m <lnuR<in *i^^'-^" 



3^S KCBAL PAIRI5G6 IH 8LAU6HAM GHUBCH. 

"'Scamimiis sacramaitam corporis et sangmnis Domml 
»]iim Jesa X^« in deoenti tabemacalo, vel ex lapide^ vel ex 
fic»> et ferrvx antB mmplitiidinis sic constaraendo, et &bre- 
ficMfK^x at sMrmm pixidem in qna reconditur sacramentum 
€oufr>ie recipere possit, snper snmmnm altare sub salv^ 
c^EtioduL scfis et daribos firmanda, in fiituram recondatiir." 
— i^lfitatio EcAi. Dundmj 1556. 

If thse subject bdow the cmcifix is rightlj conjectured to 
rvpreseni a &^h caught in the net, it is no uncommon em- 
Ueci vt the soul in purgatory; indeed, the net of sin, or 
Si&£;i:L is a tigure of speech by no means obsolete among 
dirioies ot the i»esent day, though perhaps few of them are 
aw^ir^ that it b drawn from the storied walls of our old 
churches. The bidder running along the side and upper 
for: 'NT the [uintings is formed of a flower with eight petals, 
fiv^^nenrly usei tVv this purpose; the ornaments below seem 
to r< shells. These borders are still distinctly visible on the 
stocew.^rk of the window; bnt^ as they are painted on the 
inserted work, and cut the flgureSi they must be regarded as 
the product of a later age. 

In :he second compartment (No. 2) the subject of a soul^s 
pasc?;*^^ to Heaven is treated in a style of art very different 
tr:ci risk: usually employed in the mural paintings of our 
ci:uTvl":o>. 

The >*; III i> swathed in a shroud, having the appearance of 
Ur.<:u Alii K^me up towards Heaven by two Angels. Its 
coc;r?e is iiirercepte^l by a large vulture ; and three female 
n^,:rt:> a: the side of the picture are gazing upwards in the 
a::::uvU' v^" prayer. 

rhv easy riow ot the drapery, and the expressive features 
of thtso npir\^ have led those to whom the sketches have 
K\:: subuiitrcvL to suppose that some later artist has re- 
touo:;t\i the |vuurings. 

Two uicuilvr> of our committee familiar with the works 
of Kiwr Mv^rtimen an itiuerant painter of considerable 
nuTit/who dvnirisheil in the early part of the last century, and 
WHS uuolo of the celebrated John Hamilton Mortimer,* of 

* Tlo* f*mi^J worv doKvnd^d fVom the great historical Mortimers. 



D^2. 





•^eu^s:^^h,sinann^ (InwRan ^^^^'s^- 



MURAL PAINTINGS IN SLAUGHAM CHURCH. 239 

Eastbourne in this county, are of opinion that they resemble 
this artist's productions. 

At all events it is the duty of an Archaeological Society to 
guard future antiquaries from error, by recording the local 
tradition that this artist was in the habit of re-touch- 
ing the old and decaying frescoes in our Sussex churches ; 
and that in some cases without doubt, like modem churcli 
restorers, he has obliterated the distinctive traits of the 
works he designed to preserve. 

The Committee have to thank Lieutenant-Colonel Holden- 
Rose for the sketches from which these engravings are made. 



DITCHLINa 



By the Eey. THOJIAS HUTCHINSON, M.A., 

VXCAB OF DITCHLING. 



BiFFlBENT IcN^alities have different objects of interest some of 
a more modem, otlici's of an earlier date, and while tlie learned 
antiquary adheres principally to the litera scripta of histjoryJ 
there is many a village and many a town that has each its 
unwritten traditions, which the archmologist will find not un- 
deserving of his notice — ^traditions, which have been handed 
down from father to son, until traditionary lore is stored up 
in the memory of the people, and becomes to them the staple 
history of the place. It is the nature of these historical re- 
miniscences to increase in each succeeding generation, until 
what they have lost in truthfulness they have gained in mys 
ticisni. Hardly is it possible for us to dwell among scenes 
and relics of bygone days without being led very frequently 
to call up the memories of former years, an J to muse upon the 
things of old ; that thereby discovering whatever is good, and 
great^ and lovely, in the character and bearing of the noble, 
the generous, and the brave in preceding ages, we may profit 
by their example^ and be induced to keep alive in our own 
days the remembrance of their chivalry, their daring, and 
their enterprising conduct. The knowledge which we thus 
gain of the exploits by which the worthies of olden times 
achieved for themselves an enduring name, as well as oi 
the every-day habits and manners of our forefather: 
may, I presume, be reckoned among the practical benefits o1 
archaeology. 

To increase the interest which attaches to the history oi 
Bitchling, neither written records are wanting, nor unwritten 
tradition ; and from both one and the other I shall draw very 



i 



DiTCUUNG. 



241 



y; — subjoining references in confirmation of the docu- 
mentary parts, and detailing some few stories of the old in- 
bibitauts, of which there is a plentiful supply. 

Centuries gone by, this neighbourhood was not imfrequently 
soured by the presence of Royalty. The greatest of Eng- 
d*s great monarchs is reported to have held a very ex- 
^sive range of land in this parish; and in the county many 
>yal villes, which he frequently visited. His friend, iu- 
uctor, and biographer, whom he had invited from his her- 
itage or monastery in Wales, tcj aid him in the acquisition 
d diffusion of religious and general knowledge, tells us that 
% first visit to the King was at his royal ville ^ ''qu£e dicitur 
nie"— that after a lapse of some months be was again 
nourably entertained by him at liis royal ville^ "quae dicitur 
ieonaford." By his will King Alfred gave to his cousin 
kinsman, Ditchling, by tlie name of Deccalingum. The 
ill runs thus — ^^* Et Osfertho cognato meo do villas de 
eccaule, et de Rotheranfield, et de Deccalingo* • , , 
necnon et omnes terras ad illas pertinentes." This takes 
back to very early times of England's history, In- 
the name of this place carries on its fore-front an 
idencc of its antiquity, and helps to prove the fact that 
royal park once ft>rmed a part of this parish. It is 
iously written in old records as, '^ Dickninge," **Dych- 
eninge," " Dychelinge,** and ^^ Decelinges ;" which seem 
|p spring from the Saxon *^ Dyce," or *^Dykening-" 
pTow this word Dyke is quite familiar to North-country 
people, as signifying any kind of partition or separation of 
^nd, whether it be by a wall of earth or stone, a ditch of 
Ipter, or fence of paling; and this word '* Dycheninge,*' now 
tnmsmuted into '' Ditchling,*' alludes not improbably to the 
.oyal Parks belonging to the Saxon or Norman Kings here, 
' ich were fenced round, and so gave name to this place,^ 
From Osfertli, the Park came back into the royal posses- 
m^ for we read in Domesday Book that King Edward held it. 



*' nistemporibaaegoqnoqiie a foge advooutos deoccidonte et nltiraia Britaniuio fiju* 
1 ad Siixoniam adironi ,,.,,. xbiquc iUam in villfl. rcgift, quo& dicitur Dene, 

Dituf n«i. A^seriaa. DorebnB gcFtia Alfrt-Kh." p* 487. Mob, lU«t. Bnt. Potne, 

** Cum igitur ad eum adveniasem iu villi regift quit* dicitur Lijonaibrd." Ibidp, 488. 

It was probably wil^Km tbia andont royal purk that Edward Priiiofl of Wn.le8 (aflor- 
rda Edward 11.) kept hiia gtud* ge« Mr, Bkiiuwd paper in Buftfli Arch; CoEi il. 53. 

xui. 2 11 



242 



DJTCHLl^'G. 



It is well known that before the Norman William came 
our shores, to claim the crown which Edward had bequeathe 
to him, and which Harold, Godwin's son^ had usurp 
William <le Warren had married, or was the accepted suitorj 
of his daughter Gundrada, and that he accompanied him taj 
England in his successful expedition, not only in the capacity^ 
of a valiant fellow- soldier, hut also in the |>osition of a near 
relation- We canuot then be surprised, that in the distribu- j 
tion of the land the King wtis unbounded in his libemhty to] 
his son-in-law, and tliat no mean share of the forfeited poss^l 
gions of the brave, but unfortunate, Harold was awarded 
the husband of the King's daughter ; and so* liistory teUs 
that William the Conqueror included Ditchling in the terry 
tory which he lavished on his son-in-law, William de Warren 
in whose family it continued many years. He was descendd 
from an ancient family of Normandy, St. Martin by name| 
Warren being, according to the copy of a MS> in the Herald ' 
OflBce — "in that part of France, which was NeustriLi, now . 
Normandy ; it Ivelonged to the noble family in Fmnce uaniedH 
*de Sancto Martino/"* " 

This William de Warren, at the instigation no doubt of 
hia noble Countess, gave and confirmed to God and St 
Pancras, and the Monks of Lewes, in pure and perpetual 
charity, a free pasturage at Ditchling for their cattle, with „ 
his own. M 

Again, at the close of the reign of Richard II (1398), th™ 
Confirmation charter of Thomas, Duke of Norfolk, to the 
Monks and Monastery of St. Pancras, Lewes, contains recitals 
of almost all that had been given to Lewes Priory by tlie first 
and second Earls of Warren, and by the several freeholders 
holding under them, among whom was the ancestor of the 
present possessor, the^ Earl of Abergaveuny. 

Tlie confirmation part of this grand charter noticeSj that 



* Mr. Rowe, in his MS. hktoFj of tho Majiorial GuirtfliTtis of the Barony of Lei 
mentions Pitch ling first, as onoe In the poaseaaion of the Eu.rl of VViLrrc?n. 

* Fot Mr, Lower'* aoccnuit of BelleHfonibrt? CiLetlpj the seat of tUe De Wan^m is 
Nonnandyi mh Siiaa: Arch: GoU: VoL m, pp* 39 to 31. 

' George NflYilt Lord Abergavenny, hy tiia clet*d, dtiiM Jtiu« 27 (3 H<?nry 
" ' of J ' "" ' ' ■ ■ 



Idlli efif ranch) aed Andrew Bordo, aon < 



_ ^ _ Vim, 

sed Andrew Bordo, aon orf John Borde, hi* o&tire or viUjiiii, belgtagiBf 
to hi« Manor or Lordsliip of Djcheitingej in the coanty of 8utiex, &tid him tUe ftftid 
Andrew Borde made free from aU bondage, vilhiinage^ aud TOrvil© ooudiHoa. For aa 
aeooiint of tlwj Borde fatnilj, and tho **Merrv Andrew," i^e Suro; Aj^{ Coll: TaL Tl.^ 
ppt 197 to ai4 ; tko a aubucquent paper in tW pr^weat Tolanw. 



DITCHLIXG. 



243 



Priory of Lewes came to the hands of King Richard IL, 

the forfeiture of Richard, then Earl of Arundel and Surrey ; 

ad thut the same King, by his letters patent, granted the 

' slie, Priory, Barony, and Manor of Lewes, unto thia 

homiis Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk, and bis heirs, upon the 

Itainder and execution of the said Earl of Arundel, sacrificed 

a faction of which the Duke was the head, although he 

married the Lady Fitz- Alan, one of the Earl's daughters, 

bis accounts for the existence of this Confirmation Charter, 

tit in it mention is made of a gi'ant of Ditchling not by the 

St, hut by the second Earl, his son. It runs thus : — 

["Ai I was dealroua and ought (as it B^iemed to me) on my part to increase my 
r*s ftlmi and mine for tbe safety of bis iind my mother^s and my ovn wtml 
, , . I iipptiinted *ind gave to God^ atid SL PancraB, and the Monks 
fforevof (mitl here m a long enumeration until we comu upon) the Church 
f DjreheDing with one hide of land and the garden with the hoiifles* and laBd whidi 
ir»^b«tweeii the two highways. 

Aaoofding to a deed in the Monast. Anglic, the Church of Ditchling was given 
with a hide ofland to the Priory of St Panorajs, Lewes, by William, the &eeond Karl 
**pFD E^iualdo fratj% euo, ad opus anniFeraarii Eiiiaaldl/' Dug. Mon. Abghe. fol, 908l>* 

This gift made by the second Earl, was confirmed by Seffrid 
IL Bishop of Chichester, consecrated in 1180, died 1204, by 
an iustniment now amongst the Episcopal records of Chichester ; 
which after the preamble goes on thus : — 

^P* Wo grant and eonfirtn, and by our EptscopaJ anthority strengthen, to the BAid 
Ifonasteiy and Monks there for eyer serving God, all the Churohes and Tythes, and 
aU the Eoelonastical goodst which in the tim4^ of our predecessors nnto our own 
, th<ef hav© poBsesfied/' 

Amongst which Dicheninge is enumerated. Again — 



'* liuieriuiu de Dicheninge cum Pareo voc : 
. t . . extended parcel of Lewes Barotiy, 



Dychenini^e Park, coot, 3fl0 ac. 
Beatrice Comitissac Arnndcle."' 



In another deed in the Bishop's registers, dated 1392j the 
property of the Priory in Ditchling is thus described : — 

^J ** A poftlon of the tythee of shenr^js, hay, and pigs, of the Manor of the Earl of 
^Ipillldjcli with tht? i^mall tythea of some of hi>i tenants ; and with a portioti of the 

^^rthe» of iheavcs of the land called Anthony 'i hind, Daw*B Jand^ and StochfyBche; 

and a portion of the t)?thi>B of FrtiUebergh/' 

With the exception of Frekebergh now called Frankborough, 
and perhaps Stockfysche now called the Stocks, I am unable 



' Tawar Eec, Not- 27, 28. IS Hen* YI. 



2 H 2 



TiitrirLncfi. 



to identify these lands, Bitchling-Garden Manor belonged to 
the priory of Lewes. J 

Some disputes having arisen in the year 1392 as to tm 
right of the Priory to the Churches of Patchani, Ditclilitig, 
with the Chapel of Wivelsfield annexed, and Westhotlilj, 
Kichard (Mitford) Bishop of Chichester, upon the occasion of 
a visitation of the Priory in that year, (July 2nd) suramouejl 
the different parties before him, and after hearing the evi- 
dence on both sides, confirmed these churches to the Prior ami. 
Monks of St. Pancras* (Reg. c, foL 81,) 

From the Register of Lewes Priory we learn that Alfn^y' 
de Falraer sold to John Tudeherste a moiety of his mill, on the 
lands of the Monks of Lewes at Ditch ling, for 8 marks and 5 
shillings* The witnesses are Hugh de Plump ton, Philip de 
Rottingdean, Alexander de Ditchling, Alexander, son ofSadei 
&c. The deed is without date. 

The following case of assault connected with Ditchling and 
ite immediate neighbourhood, which took place in the reign of 
Edward L^ is recorded in the Hundred Rolls, VoL IL p. 213. 
It is there reported that upon tlie occasion of some official 
visit made by Matthew de Hastings, sherifl' of Surrey and 
Sussex the 1st of Edward L (1272), to the neighbour- 
hood of Ditchling, when be came below Hayle (Hayley in 
Westmeston) there met him on the King's highway John de 
Niwentj Master of the Foresters of Clers, and Walter de Hal- 
deleye, Master of the Foresters of Waldon, who arretted the 
progress of himsdf and his men, and, forcibly took 
their arms from them, and carrying them off, still re- 
tained them. After this, when the sheriff sent his horse to 
Dichening to he shod, Walter Parker, of Dichening, accom- 
panied by other men of the parish, beat and wounded the 
boy riding upon it, and deprived him of tin implement of iron 
(de quailam gorgeria ferri) and other things. And as the 
sheriff proceeded onwards, and had arrived at Pokehole^ John 
Bacun, witli his own men and the Foresters of the Earl of 
Warenne, met him in the King^s highway, and again arresting 
his progress, violently forced troni his custody Amicia, the 
wife of William Hocote, and carried her, together with the 
horse on which the slieriff rode, to tlie Iiouse of Master John 
de Ferryng, at Chiltington; at whose instigation, and that 



mTCIILTNG. 



245 



I 



I 



^of Alexander tie SJiyre, the assault is declared to have been 
perpetrated. 

As these visits of the sheriff were seldom made, except for 
the purpose of some obnoxioius exercise of his authority, we 
cannot he surprised to find that they were often met by veiy 
violent opposition, on the part of the residents of the neigh- 
bourhood thus officially visited- Other instances of opposition 
and assiiult are recorded to have happened to the same sheriif 
in the performance of his duty in this neighbourhood; but no 
other in which Ditchling was concerned. 

We may now venture to reach on to the days of Henry VII I, 
who, we all know, was especially generous in appropriating 
_^ ers' rights to himself, as well as in giving to others, what 
^iTOs his only by right of plunder. 

This many-wived Monarch acted in this respect with right 
royal liberality towards one, who, as he civilly said,** was 

**Wming to yielil to the law^s of tho renlm, to dUchftrgi) evuti her own oonficicocu 
fitmi thift pretended iuarrmge» to enjoy her own liberty, and to retnnin in our king- 
dom/* And 50, taking into con^idemtion these thiogB, he g»ve to her whftt he had 
plandeni^ from the church — ^'tuauorsT ^^^ hinds^aud tenement^ for Ihe sutttentationf 
xnAintenance, and augmentation ofthi^ noble nink of Lady Aune^of devet/' wnoDgst 
which won included the '' Manor of Ditchling with all and every of jta members and 
■ppitrteQKiKTei, beaidesall tliosMj onr reetori*?$ of (with others eoumenited) Dychoning, 
tilety belongu^g or appertaining to the Monasti-ry of Lewca, or parcels of the game 
KonftAtefj. And the rents of assize to our said Eectory of Ditchling^ id our eaid 
County of Susiex," 

In which deed of gift Dycheninge and ita possessions, whether 
in luml, or tenements, or tythes, or advowson, as belonging or 
appertaining to the Monastery of Lewes, are enumerated over 
and over^ and over again ; so that whatever, by the piety of 
its original founder, had been dedicated to God and God^s 
service, was, by the rapacity of this licentious monarch, ap- 
propriated as a dower for one of his repudiated and mal- 
treated queens ; and, thus, Ditchling, with its pastures and 
other possessions, was vested in Anne of Cleves. 

In various parts of the parish objects of interest pre- 
seijt tliemselves to us. 

If we turn our steps southward, a steep winding ascent^ 
called *' The Bostall,"^ will bring us tw the highest point of 
ground in the County of Sussex, tbe summit being 858 feet 



• Grant of ITeury Titi* to Lady Anne, of Cloraa* 

• For ao acconnt of the Saion derivation oF Bo^taU, see VoL it,, p. 293| nott> /. 



246 



DITCIILINQ* 



above the level of the sea. Here are the remaiDS of a Komi 
encampment of considerahle extent, the entrencliments of ^ 
which are still in a tolerably perfect state. The originul 
approach to it exists to the west of the present ccmparatively 
niodern roatL It consists of a narrow fosse-way cut t£» the 
depth of about 12 or 14 feet, so as to be a complete protec- 
tion, and from it^ al)out half-way up the hill, the way 
branches off to the rigiit fur about one hundred yards, nm- 
ning round a high mound of earth formed by the aecumala- 
tion of soil when the way was made, and returning nearly to 
the same point again. This was manifestly done for thej 
purposes of observation, for it hai>pens at a point of tho^ 
Downs, the nearest to the adjacent coond) to the west, so that 
when you reach this coomb, with which the way was evi- , 
dently intended to communicate^ a most extensive view of thej 
Weald of Sussex breaks in upon you, A more complete j 
point of western observation cannot well be conceived. 

Here too, in later times, was erected a Beacon, the blazing^ 
fires of which, in days gone by, were intended, had it been 
needful, to have communicated important information of 
the approach, the landing, or the position of an invading ^ 
army to its nearest northern neighbour erected on Crow-| 
borough Mount; and trom thence, by a continued line of^ 
beacons, the news would have been passed onwards till it 
reached the meti'opolis. Happily, however, their services 
were rarely iw}uired. 

The Downs form a bold and distinct feature in the scenery 
of this neigh bourliood, and with the ever*varying light and 
shade on their slopes, this extensive range of hiU and dale 
presents a very pleasing picture to the eye. 

It may not be altogether alien to the subject of this paper to 
record, en passant^ the almost forgotten existence of a ehaly-^ 
beate spring on Ditchling Common, which in days of yoreS 
was trequently visited Ibr medicinul purposes, and which in" 
our own days, has this peculiar property, that, in the wettest 
season it never overflows, nor in the time of drought does it 
ever faiL In the immediate neighbourliood of this spring, 
was found, some yeare ago, a brass celt; and near it several 
masses of molten copper; one of which, weighing nearly half a 
atone, bears distinctly the form of a crucible ; from which we 



n 



DITCHLmG. 



247 



may reasonably infer that the manufacture of celts was carried 
on hereabouts. This celt and a e<»in of Tiberius, the only Kotiian 
coin known to have been found in this neighbourhood, are no 
lunger in the possession of any inhabitiint of Ditchling. 
H A coin of James L and several silver spoons were found 
Hftt the north-westei^n extremity of the parish, about thirty 
■years ago, in grubbing up the stump of an old tree; where they 
^liad doubtless been dejiosited for safety during the troulilous 
times of the Commonweal th. The spoons are of the Apostle shape 
and are marked on the top, which is silver-gilt, with the 
letters f*, These are probably the initials of John and Jane God- 
I m an. ofOathall, Wivelsfield, by the marriage of whose only child 
Bwith William Shirley, Esq,, the estate passed into that family, 
^and since into the family of Tanner, of More House. Thomas 
Godraan built the present house in IGOO, as appears by his ini- 
tials and this date in front of iL The spoons and coin are now 
in the possession of N. Borrer, Esq., of Pakyns^ Ilurstpierpoint. 
At the northern extremity of the parish, near the turnpike 
road leading from Ditchling tv Wivelsficld, are the re- 
mains of a gibbet^ known as Jacobus Post; Jacob Harris being 
the name of it Jew pedlar who committed a very barbarous 
murder near the spot* Being convicted, be was hanged at 
Horsham, and afterwards brought and suspended in chabis 
^here in 1734. 

■ This Jew, having put up his horse at the public 
"house close by, attacked his host, a person named Miles, 
whilst he was engaged in cleaning his horse, and cut his 
throat. In the same way he destroyed the servant maid, who, 
it is supposed^ had been disturbed by the noise in thestable, and 
was <lescending the staircase to see what was the matter. He 
then went up stairs and cut the throat of poor Miles' wife, 
who was lying on a sick bed. Both the women died the same 
night, but Miles lived long enough to identify the nmrderer, 
The memory of this atrocious act is kept alive in the neigh- 
bonrhixKl, by some rude verses still preserved among the peo- 
ple, which conclude thus :— 

" At Horeliflm gallows he was hangod there, 
The 31 et of Augiii't that sftm« year ; 
And n-herc be di J the crimen thoy took the paLQS, 
Tp brim him Imck iind hang him up in chiiina [ 
It IB a dism&I aight for to behold, ^ 
Enough to m&kc a Leart of aionG run eol4'' 



248 



DITCULISG, 



Some few years ago — at the western extremity of the parbhJ 
the foundations of a mansion house were disco Ttiretl, which is" 
supposed to have hecii the residence to which the park was 
attached* Nothing was discovered to enahle us to assign ai 
date to the house, except some paving tiles of a pattern quite J 
unique, and of the time of Henry VII L Two perfect types^I 
with many fragmeuts of others, are now in the possession of the ] 
Itev. Edward Turner, rector of Maresfield. One of the tiles is 
in the same rough state as when it came from the hands of i 
tlie maker; the other is perfectly smooth frum being fre- 
quently trodden on; tlie figure upon it, thus brought 
out most distinctly, being singularly beautiful. As these tiles, 
with an account of their discovery, wiU probably form the 
subject of a paper in some futui*e volume of our Collections, 
I shall say no more of them here. 

That i>itehliug was, in earlier ages, a place of much 
greater importance than it is at the present time, is evident 
from the fact that John de WaiTen, Earl of Surrey (1312), 
sought and obtained from the King*"" a grant tor a weekly 
market at this his Manor on Tuesday; and a fair, which 
was to last tliree days, viz., the eve, the day, and the morrow, 
of the Feast of St Margaret the Virgin (July 19% 20% and 
21-*). 

How and when this market and fair came to he disused we 
know not; possibly to supply this neglect, the two fairs which 
are now held here annually — one on the Gth April, the other 
on tlie 12t]i October — were established. 

There are fbm^ Manors in Ditchling, viz.,^ — -(1), Ditchling 
Manor, which is held by the Earl of Aliergavenny ; (2), 
Ditchling Rectory, or " Dlmock's Manor, which is held by the 
Ecclesiastical Commissioners; (3), Ditchling-Garden Manor, 
which is held by James Ingi'aui, Esq. ; (4), Camois-Coiirt 
Manor, which is held by Captain Richardson, 

Ditchling, at the time of the Norman Sui'vey, is stated to 
have been in the Hundred of Soanberge, now Swanborough. 

Of the 181 burgesses declared in that ancient and in- 
valuable record to Iiave then belonged to the Borough of 
Lewes, six were attached to the Manor of Ditchling, and paid 



1 

I 



^* The Charter ii preiierYed (UnongfcTioEot, Oart, of tUe Towor.— GtliE^w, n.^ Ko, M, 
" Might not the ffitobliog EectO(rj Mahof Itdre been oaaed Dimock'i, froui iM hniix^ 
belongCMi to Sohn Djmoo^ oue of too Jkoqch m tiie mtma rettiru ? 



DITCHLING* 



249 



its Lord forty- three pence per annora. There were also 180 
hofj/^^ or houses with shops, in this Ixirough, many of which 
belonged to raimors and freeholds in the neighbourhood,'^ Of 
these none are particidarized in Domesday, except eleven 
which are assigned to Ditchling Manor, and which paid its 
Lord twelve shillings a year. 

Both the impropriate and appropriate tithes are in the 
hands of the Lay-Kector^ having been pnrcbased by hira of 
the hit« possessor of Oldland, who hebi them on lease for three 
lives nnder the Chancellor of the Cathedral of Chichester. 
A few yeaj^ ago he l»ecarae possessed of them in jierpetuity 
by purchase from the Ecclesiastical Commissioners, 

The vicarage is now in the gift of the Lord Chancellor. 
By the Act, 3 and 4 Vict.^ c. 113, the right of presenta- 
tion to the livings belonging to the suppressed prebendal 
estates was vested in the Bishop^ subject to the provisions of 
6 and 7 WiUiam IV, 

When, therefore, the patronage of the Cathedral Chan* 
cellorship was suppressed, the living of Ditchling, afore* 
time a part of it fell to the Bishop, who, according to a 
scheme prepared by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners in ac- 
cordance with the above mentioned Act, 6 and 7 William 
IV., and which scheme ret^eived the approval of Her Majesty 
in Council, May 15th, 1852, was called upon to cede to other 
Bishops the right of presentation to a number of livings, 
whose aggregate value should i^each a certain amount 
Among these, Ditclding was given up to the Bishop of 
Oxford, who has since exchanged it with the Crown for other 
preferment in his own diocese; and so the living of Ditchling 
is now in the gift of the Lord Chancellor* All rights, other 
than the presentations which attached to the several pre- 
bendal stalls, fell to the Ecclesiastical Commissioners, who 
thus became Lords of the Ditchling Rectory, or Dimock's 
Jlanor-** 
I Such is the history of Ditchling as we have been able to 

*f * Hour it wa« thut Bt^gm came to belong to maiiatfl ftsad freehoIdfl| I hari* aevor mGik 
tttlilbctority uxplaitiL^d. 

^ Th« Ditchlmg Eectorj, or Dim<K!k'« Manor, U beloiigiiiff ta and a port of iha im* 
praniato Boctory ; JMid tAnds ha Id of it bj c^mj nr^ oilled " O10 Ql«b<3 IjAnd«** tberoof | 
sad in the Ictrt«e« mado of the Eediotj by the Cliftiioelki^ the said Manor hath hden 
from time to time eIee|rt<^d in tb« hwt lease made of th© R«<jtOTy» vid co to h« in pro- 
Mot |iowr«ift«ion as aforesaid.— Bu&RKLL MSB, 



zm. 



2 I 



250 



DlTCHLmO. 



collect it, from whicb it may easily be imagined, ttat many 
wondrous stories would arise, and that tbcy would lose nnthinj 
by frequent repetition* As we shall see in the sequtd, this wa 
the case, and yet whilst the recorded facts may be the parents 
of these oft-told tales, the legends themselves lielp to istrengtlieD 
the history; and although what is so handed down to us must 
be received '^ cum grano/' I suppose we shall none of us * 
inclined to do such violencetothe veracity of that ^'^ venerable! 
chronicler," the oldest inhabitant, as to shrug our shoulders 
at the recital, and to mutter very knowingly, "Credat Judcea^i" 

The Church is a very conspicuous object to all the suf- 
rounding country. It is not known with any certainty to 
what saint it is dedicated. Lewises Topographical Dictionary 
says to St. Margaret, which seems to be continued by the fact 
of the uiicieut chartered fair being held on the day dedic^ited 
to this saint. 

It is situated on rising groimd in the heart of the villag^ 
and for archit^^ctnral beauty and imiKJsing effect would Im? un^ 
rivalled if duly restored* In all the deeds of an early date ^ 
ferringtoDitchling, it is invariably described as ^* Dycheniii| 
with the chapel of Wivelstield annexed.'' Wivelstield, thiii, 
was originally a chapel of ease to Ditchling; but was separ- 
ated, and became an independent church, by an ordinance 
Bishop Praty sometime between 1438 and 1445. 

It is crucitbrm, and belongs to the 13th centuiy. It 
generally admitted to be a very beautiful specimen of the Earl] 
English style: the just proportions and adaptation of tlie 
different parts, and of the minutest details and mouldings, will 
amply repay a careful study of them. The chancel has some 
peculiarities worthy of notice. On each side of the East 
window is a niche ; the one is trefoil, the other cinquefoilj 
but surmounted with an ogee. A single shaft runs up on 
each side of the three-light winilow, with a bell-shaped capital, 
covered with foliage, curling gracefully over, beneath the upper 
mouldings of the capital. The same character of shaft runs 
before the jambs. In the NortJi wall is a trefoil-headed niche. 
The piscina is cinquetbil, and by the side of it is a locker, 
(prolmbly an aumbry) beyond winch is a stone seat under i 
jJaiii pointed arch. 

It is a peculiar feature of this chancel that the origini 



DITCIILING, 



231 



pillars and shafts are of chalk; and the exquisite workmanship 

^^f the ornamental parts of the tracerj, the headings, the mould- 
^BDgS| Sa\>, may still lay chiim to unrivalled heauty of execu- 
Htion. The three lancet windows in the North wall deserve 
^particular mentiaiL The splay is unusually large : the mould- 
ings are plain n:»und menihers, relieved hy deep uiyrow 
hollows, and their appearance is very bold and effective. 
Slender detached shafts, surmounted by small knots of foliage, 
adorn the sides of these windows. 

The drip-stone or label over two of the windows ter- 
minat^s with corbel heads, also of chalk; in the third is 
no c^rbeL A circular string-course mns horizontally below 
the windows, but iiitemally on^y. The doorway has no orna- 
ment whatccyer about it, but the mouldings, which consist of 
bold rounds and deep hollows, produce very striking eflbcts. 
Internally it is almost hidden by a pew, and outside it is 
^nearly stopped up liy the accumulation of soil against it. 
B Many of the family of Turner, of Oldland, in the adjoin- 
'' ing parish of Keymer, as I have already said, formerly pos- 
Lsessoi^ of the impropriate tythes, have found a lost resting 
j^^Iaee in the chanceh Oldland has been the residence of this 
'family since the 34th of Henry VIIL, when it was purchased 
of the llichelbournes by John Tiu-ner. In that year John 
Michelboume conveys to John Tiu'ner "certas terras vocatas 
Oldland in Keymer, cum mausione, &c," 

The tithes of Ditchling were piuxhased of Sir Richard 
Micbelboiuiie in 1637, by Thomas Turner, grandson of the 
above John. Having thus become possessed of the chancel, 
he was the fii'st to be buried in it, and from that time it 
became the burial place of the Turner fiimily. 

To cnllect monumental memorials of the dead, and more 
particularly of such as have long been resident owners of 
J property in a parish or neighbourhood, has of late been con- 
sidered a part of the duty of our Society < I will^ therefore, 
here give copies of the inscriptions on the slabs of such of this 
'family as are interred in tlie chanceL That to the memory 
[of the above Thomas Turner is as follows : — 



"Here Ijeth buried the body of TliomBW Tamer, late of Keymer, ag&l fowr eeore 
L Rfid fowr years • He departed this life tbe ay the day of February ^ in tUa year of our 
Lard, IGTIJ* 

2 I 2 



252 



DITCULIKG. 



Whether his wife, whose maiden oarae was SiBythe, and 
who died Oct. 2iid, 1 664, was buried in the chancel, there is 
no incised slab to show. That she lies interred by the side 
of hea* husband, with wliomshe had lived in wedlock fifty-five 
years, and by whom she had twenty-three children, dues ool 
admit of reasonable doubt. 

This Thomas Turner was one of the " Sessors " nnder the 
Subsidy Roll of the 19th of James L (1621), and is himself 
the highest rated of any landowner in Keymer. See VoL ix., 
p. 83. 

Their son Thomas, who died in his father^s life-time^ is 
supposed to be the person alluded to in the following remains 
of a memorial ; — 

,..*,.'* Sonne of Thowiag faraer, who dyparted Hub life the Sad of 
Pebruaiyp 1667." 

He was the Incumbent of Keymer and Clayton, " haring 
begun his Rectory," aofording to a memorundum entered in 
one of the Keymer Eegister Books, '^ the 20th of November, 
1653/' 

The next memorial records the burial of Eichard, brother 
of the preceding, and eldest son and heir of Thomas Turner^ 
It IB as folio ffs: — 

** Hero lyeth buried the Body of Bfcb&rd Turn en late of Oldlund, in K^i&6fr, who 

WHS the Sopoe of ThaTiiaii Ttimerj heitig ag^d ^bttye four yeei^f Had depvtdd thk 
life July lat. Anno Domitii, 168L" 

His wife Frances, who was the daughter of the Rev, John 
Bysshe, Eector of Piecombe^ and sister of Sir Edward 
Bysshe, Kt,, Clarenceux, King-at-Arms^ in the reigns of 
Charles L and IL, lies interred by his side. 

The next inscription is to the memory of Eichard, the 
eldest son of the abovej and is as follows :— 

" Hero ii Interrod the Body of Eiebard Tiimer^ E^nt\ late of Oldliind la K^jytner^ 
who departed tbii lifo Oct tJie 2iid, Anno Dotiiml, 17B0, ^tatl5 Mum 68." 

By his side lies the body of his wife Sarah, who was the 
daughter of Mr, Thomas Chatfield^ an old resident and land- 
owner of Balconibe, and whose son, grandson, and great- 
grandson were successively rectors of that parish. This 
Eichard was a Lieutenant in one of the six regiments, which 
(Clarendon tells us) John (afterwards Sir John) Stapley of 



BITCULINO. 



253 



^ 

^Bl 



^ 
^ 



N 
^ 
^ 



Pat-cham, was commissioned to raise at the time^ and in 
furtherance of the restoration of Charles IL^* 

Two of their suns were also buried here, viz,^ Thomas, who 
as in holy orders, and Rector of West Ilothly, having 
pnjviousljr been the curate of Buxted, to Dr. Anthony 
Sanndera, the Incumbent, and William, who is described on 
his tomb as ^' Citizen and Apothecary of London/' whose 
wife was a daughter of Sir John Rous, Bart*, of Uenham 
Hal!, CO. Suffolk, ancestor of the Earls of Stradbroke* 
The next memorial is: — 

** Here Ijea the body of Richanl TuTner^ of Oldlftnd g«nt«* eldest aon of Blcliaird 
sad ^Aiah tm vtil^ who departed thia lifo the 14 th of M&f 1748, agod o\> jeuns/' 

He married Jane, youngest daughter of Thomas and Amy 
Gratwicke, of the Ham in Angmering, who died September 
21st^ 1728, aged 37 years, and is buried by the side of her 
husband. They had issue three sons and a daughter. Of 
the Sons, Richard, the eldest^ and Thomas, the third, were 
biiried in the Turner chancel, as the following memorials 
testify : 

'* Here lie* the Body of Thotnas Tumor, yoiingest sou of Eichflrd and Jan© hb 
wife, who dcpiirtod thU life the 24th of feby. 1745, ftgcd 21." 

** Her^ l}^ tht body BkhArd Turner of Uldland, gQuV. eldest Bon of Riclmrd and 
J&oe his wife, wlio departed this life the 17 th of AprU 1754, aged 36 year^/' 

This Richard having died a bachelor, his next brother^ 
William, inherited, who was a Fellow Commoner of Pembroke 
Hall^ Cambridge, and married Sarah, the eldest daughter of 
the Rev. Edward Wilson, rector of Wcstmeston and Ashurst, 
of the latter, for the long period of G3 years, of the former, 
not quite so long, William died June 26th, 1786, and his 
wife May 3rd., 1802. They were the last of the family 
buried within the walls of the Ditchllng Chancel, The 
epitaph to William Turner's memory is as follows : 

" In memory of William Turner, late of 01 dl rind, in th^ Pariah of Keymer, in tha 
eauQty of Sus^x, geDt°, who was the atioond tjou Xknd the survivor of tbe ohildrea of 
Bich-strtl Tunier, formerly of Oldland, gent°, by Jane his wife, liefore Jane Gratwioke, 
jqiiiuier, ».ud diad the 26t]i of Juoo lTi:M>, la the GGth year of bia age.^* 

He left tive children, viz, — Mary Jane, who died un* 

married ; Thomas, who inherited ; Sarah Frances, who mar- 

[ried — first, Mr. Attree, of Ditchling, and secondly, Mr. 



1* S«Q VoL tu, p. 117. 



254 DITOHLINQ. 

Thompson, of London; Bichard, who was in holy orden^ 
and rector of Grately, in Hants; and Elizabeth ijine, 1A0 
died unmarried. 

Of these, Mary Jane, the eldest, and ^taryivor of the £uiulj, 
who was well known in Ditchling for many years of her l(mg 
life as Mrs. Mary Turner, died here in 1857, in a green oU 
age, after a life of unostentatious charity, and nninterrapted 
striving after holiness for more than one hundred years; and 
whose simple conversation, and primitive manner of life, bad 
a charm in them to win aU eyes, and to warm all hearts. She 
is buried in the same grave with her youngest sister, in the 
churchyard, where suitable memorials mark the place of their 
repose. Thomas, Sarah Frances, and Bichai^ were not 
buried at Ditchling. 

Another stone in the chancel, the only one not placed to the 
memory of one of the Turner family, marks the burial plftce 
of Dr. James Hougham (1700), and Mary, his wife 
(1688), who is described on it as ^^ of the ancient fiunilyof 
the Culpepers." 

By his will, dated Nov. 3, 1688, Thomas Turner be- 
queathed to his nephew. Soger Turner, a house and land in 
Ditchling, then leased to James Hougham, gent^ which 
seems to account for Dr. Jas. Hougham and his wife bdng 
buried in the Turner Chancel. The Culpepers were of 
Wigsell, in Salehurst. 

Between the two chancels there is also a slab whose inscrip- 
tion, from its position, is nearly effaced, but which I make out 
to be — 

1598 

HERE LIETH CONSTANC 

HAVSE WIDOW WHO 

DIED the 3. of lAN^- 

This accords with the register of the burial. 

Between the two chancek there was a low coped wall, per- 
haps a parclose, about four feet high, in wliich an opening is 
left for access to each cliancel from the other. 

The East window of the South or Abergavenny Chancel 
is three-lighted, having angular jambs, and in the head three 
quatrefoils. A trefoil-headed piscina is in the south wall. There 
are tw^ *^Might windows in the same wall ; the one with a cir- 



w 



cular arch, angular jamljs, and a single qua trefoil in the 
head, having light shafts surmounted by clustered fuliage, and 
ornamented with deep mouklings ; the other without nioukl- 
ings^ and having an obtusely-pointed arch. The font, which is 
of chalk, is too small to admit of immersion : it is hexagonal, 
and stands on a hexagonal pillar- On the North wall of the 
nave is a small pointed recess. The square-headed window 
which is modern, is a fiic-simile of the original one. The 
North transept is reixirted to have been built by the Ranger 
of the park, who inhabited the old house to which this chancel, 
is attached, (the West window exactly synchronizes with 
this date). At the north end of it there is a monument erected 
to his memory, with this inscription in capital letters; ''Here 
lyeth Henry Poole, Esquier, who dyed the 28th daye of Marche 
A** D"* 1580." It is a mural half-table monument containing 
two shields of arms under niches of Grecian architecture. 
It is to be regretted that this memorial is now much ob- 
structed by a pew. 

On the East side of the chancel is a narfow lancet window 
of long and short work— now filled up. 

The Registers contain baptisms of tlie following members 
of the Poole family : 

1576 Frances. D'. of Thos. Poole. 
1590 Thomas, son of the same, 
1590 Walter^ son of Francis Poole; 
which prove that there must have been more than one family 
of this name resident at Ditchling, 

The tower (with which we will conchide our notes of the 
church) issuimounted by a shingled spire, and supported by 
four strikingly beautiful Gothic arches with elegant shafts and 
deeply cut mouldings. 

The Nome return for this parish is as follows : 



" Tbiij indenture witaeSHetb, thatot an Inqtitsjtitm taken before Henrj' Huae, and hk 
associates, eollectora of the ninth of a heaven, wool t nnd lamba in th€s County of Sussex, 
at Lcwesi, on the feaat of 8t tiregory.the l^ope^ on the oatba of John Dymok, Job a 
ai More, (More bouse) John de OtcbelmIL (OatJiaU)aDd lliehui-d BAker^ parii^tilouenB 
ofDitcbling, wboaaj, that the nmth of the Bheave&, wool, and lambe JB worth thla 
jear 2(h. ; and ihut although the church is taxed at 2Jy mnroa, tha Ecctorinl bouea 
with its curtiJage, f^ardeo, and croft la valued at Gb, pur annum ; and that there aru 
belongiQi^ to this church, aruble and meadow Innda, with imstumge for ehwp and 
other aniinnl^, a* gltsbe, which are worth '6^ HJb. ; that the tithe of hay ih worth llfs, 
and of dorcB 6d, ; that the oblations of the chapel appcrtuiainfj^ to tlio cbuT>jh 
(Wivebfidd t) are worth 20s,: the tithe of fruits of gardens and curtila|LC*^t ineludiug 
flttJi aad hemp, ia worth lOa. ; of calves^ and pigi), and i^mm^ aud oLher ijmall tlthvd, 





256 



DiTciarNO. 



10& wdof thepftunageof liogi 20s. The 8um total of wWoh !« le*^ Us, S<l<.wb!Gih ci- 
ce«cis tJie taitttbtj of the church by 16d. And they further declAre, thai tJie Prior of 
Iiewes has n certAin portion of the tithe* of ahaavea in the same parish, the worth of 
which la i'le per anntim^ and that there are no prsoua in the parish possessing 
ohftttelfi of the value of tOs but such aa gain th«ir livelihood by the oultivation ofj 
IttDiL Id wltue&a whereof, &.e/* 

In Pope Nicholas' taxation the church is valued at 2S 
Blares. It is a discharged henefice, its clear yearly vahie ac-! 
cording to the Liber Valorum being £47 Os, 8d.^ and the yearly] 
tenths, to the payment of which the vicar is liable, £1 2s* 

Besides the vicarial tithe, the vicarage is endowed with 
small fiirm in the parish of ChiltingtonT whether by gift of 
some pious individual, or purchased by grants made at dif-" 
ferent times from Queen Anne's bounty, is not known. 

The Kegistcrs commence in 1551, and though for the first 
few years tliey are rather faded, there is hardly one which, hj 
diligent perseverance, might not be deciphered. The writuig 
is singnhirly beautiful. The fii*st entry of a funeral, aftei 
the Act passed in 1678^ requiring the corpse to he wrapped' 
in woollen, runs thus — - 

*■ Thomaia the eon of Kichard Hay ward and of Buth his wife, waa buried oti Um 
fiv^t of Oetober, aijd on the foiirt*<*nth day of this ins^taut month of October, affi* 
davit was made before Thqmftis Bei^rd, of Hursit-pierpointj one of His M^estia 
Juatioei of the peace for tljo Connty of Susses, (y* the aborc said Thomas Haywatil, 
deoeaaed, wb» buried Boconling to the late above-men tionefi Act of PafH^unent^ for 
burying In wool leu) by Ann Qoildard, of the Pariah of Ditcheling, sworn in the 
presence of BIchara Hiiyvvard and Ut chard Moriiie, who were witnesaeB of the I 
■ud have aet thereunto their hands and seats in testimony lhereo£ 

Ootob: St 78: rworded by me, 

John Niehols curat : ibid. 

Besides this, three more are similarly registered. Afl 
wards it was sufficient to state that affidavit had been made,&c.l 

There are two instances in which the burial t^tok plai 
without the affidavit. In the one case the omission seems 
have been overlooked, probably from the circumstance of its 
referring to an infant a few days old only^ in the other thi 
penalty of the law was inflicted — the first is 

**16SL— AmaJe infant of Michael Martin, unbaptisiied, buried Aprill 13, and no 
ftMdavit presented to me^ as the Act appotntSj within eight days after it« burial.'^ 



The other— 



^' 1C88.-— Mary, wife ofTliomaa Dan ay of Keymer was buried on 12** of May, nad 
no affidavit made, or brought to Ije recorded, yi she wa^^ buri< d in woollen, acv^rditig 
to y* Act of Parlia^racnt for bnrjnng io woollen : and on 19'^^ \ John Niools sent 
ont my information thereof to Thomns Beard, of Ilurstpk^ritoint, Eaj^, one ^t his 
H^J : Juisticts of y« peace, delivering It to Nicholas Manjhaut of DitchulUng, c»iic of 
j« Qhurcb Ward^ans, to deliver to tlie above a*^ X\\.m, Beard, J&a, which he (kUv«g«d 





4 



DITCHLING. 



257 



I 



I 



to htm on Maf 24 i mnd then he ordered Th^m&s Dndij to pay liOs* into the banda 
of tho Dvenseere of Dttehalling* to dbtribute to the jxxjpe thepoof,** 

I find nothing very particular or unusual recorded, except 
perliaps the Ibllowing : — 

" 16&8. — Mary, daughter of Edward Oecfr, jun*', and of Mitry hia wife^ baptbod 
on M&rch 27 : bom before the King^s lax on births and biiria.lfl." 

In the case of illegitimate chihlren, they were registered 
without any mention of the mother's name* 

** lOSG*— Anne Bn Hiker, filia populi» baptisscd May 18/' 
** 16S9.^rohn Wbeeter, filiua populi, Ifliptbed July 2G/' 

And a funeral in like manner, thus — 

* ITIS.— Filtus populi, buried March y* 29«' ; afBdaTit made April y* 26*;* 

Ahuufc this time, and onward, it wus usual to insert the 
name uf tlie mother, thus— 

** 1712*— Wil Ham, ftotiof Elizateth Eneeler ijf EottingJean, filius popoli^ bnptizod 
Aprill the H*^/* 

*'17U, — Gatiand, rlaughtcr of Mary Holder^ filia popuH, baptii^d Febumiry 
tit© 27»*." 

It may not be amiss to give a copy of the following burial, 
the description bping the only one thruughout the whole 
regist^^rs which I find so recorded. 

** I67n.— EtizflbBth Harris, virgin of Weritmetfton, bofled Feb* 17*^, and affidavit 
made on 21"^ of tbe eamis mouth/' 

The following pedigree shews the connection of the Michel- 
hem ae family with Ditchling and its neighbourhood: — 

JoHJff MiCHELnoimxE, ^ Jo.VNE, da. of Richard 
of Wesme»t(mt *>b, l&rs* Hetben of Ditciiliiig* 

r "f -^ f- -^ ^^^^^ L 



Richard, of Ditchling ^ Parndl^ Susan 



and linLnidhuTftt, in 

Hor^ted K^ynefli 

ob: US3. 



d. of 
— Legg. 



e Jobn Wood, 
uf Oekley. 



Edward^ of 

Hammotid'B PlaoDi 

in Clayton, 

ob: 15S7, 



Eichard, of Broadburst, =^ Cliriatiatia Turlte, of Fl^tching^ 



buried at Ditch ling, 
1G07. 



buri^ at Ditchling. 



Sir Richard, ^ Cordelia Campion, 
of BroadhurBt and | of Comb well, 
Stamn^r, ob: 1638. in Kent, ob: 1640. 

Wniiain, =^ Ann, d. of Lawrniic^ 
ob; 16^6, Ashbumham,ob: lOBl. 

Edwftrdi of Staniuer, 
the la^t of th]8 branch 
of Uie family, t»bt ITO^)- 

Ell ward M„ of Uamraond'H Platw, raarrled and bad a Bon^ Sir Edward M., abo 
of Hammond's Flao^i who died in 1610. 

xrn. 2 E 



258 



BITCHLING, 



Of Kicbard^ the son of John Michelbounie, I find the : 
ters of haptisms of the following children : — 



1563 Richard— buried 1607. 

1567 Hether— buried 1570. 

1568 Mary. 

1569 Joane. 

1572 Pamele— huriod 1575, 



1573 Anne — ^buried 

1574 Henry. 
1576 Thomas^ 
1578 Drew- 



1578 



Besides the family of the Chatfields, well known in Ditch| 
ling as early residents, Richard Chatfcild or Chatfylde, 
the name was sometimes spelt, being described as living here 
in 1547 (and be had a house at Trey ford as well) there 
are registers of others of some standing in the neighbom-hood. 

" In 15, — Buried at Ditch] lug, Eichard Hall, physioiaiL** 
^'iMcomber 31, 1Q13.— Mm. Anne Cotbome, the wife of Mr. Jotm 
Enquier." 
"June 19, IGIS.— Mrs* Mary Ohamberet Wydow of Mr, EiQhanl De la 

The De la Chambres were an ancient family resident 
Rodmell, descended from Sir Hugh de la Chambre> of Cha 
bers' Court, in Laughton, who was living 6 Edward IL 
Chambers' Court in Littlington was long their residence in 
after times. The connection of these parties with Ditcblin^^ 
it would now be difficult to discoTer. ^^ 

These two early wills of persons connected with the parish 
(kindly abstracted from the Lewes Registry hy M, A- Lower*, 
Esq.), may not be without their interest- 




** 10 Sep*, 1545. — Kyoholas Whytjng of the paHshe of DyolieTiyngie, ^ 

First Icomyt my sawle unto Alrnighti God, o^ Lady St M&ry, &. all the ootnpftOf 

of hevyn, and my b<x!y to be buryed in the Church of Dychonyng, » , » Iteta, 

I bequ^ftth unto the Mother Churoh of Chichefltefr iiy^. 
Item to the Cburch of Dychmsyng^ iy" ii^"^," ** 

He calls John Mychelhoiirn his father-in-law, and mentions 
many of his other relatives. One of the witnesses is John 
Cooke, vicar of Dychenyng, , 

" 26 DeoL, 154*),— Stephen i Wood of Dychening, leaves hia body to be buriad in the 
Chupoh or churchyard of DitehlioKr and bequeath b ob follows— To the poon? men's bg^ 
there iy* ily^ ; to Julyati my wife iiij kyne of the beat she can ohuae, »ad oue hoiem 
\mAtj the be»t save one, and half my hogga and di* Cdimldium half) my 1 



I 



^* Libar A, p. 120, 



DITCHLUIG. 



259 



RUao W fhird parte of oil foetL howaehold atufT aa she browght w* her.*^ He tnen 
pMoQi his godfion Sltjphyu a Tree,'* bis daughter the wyf of John Okeudeo, his boh 
8iie|ih3ni Woodt and hm sou- in-law Richard Otxlley, He makes Mr Thomaa Nudy- 
SKto (be OTerseer of bis wiU. Among the witn^sefl m Sir Peter Hale^ Gierke. 

f For the following list of the incumhents of Dit€hning, alian 
Ditchling, vicarage, extracted from the Episcopal Registers 
at Chichester, I am indebted to IL W. Freeland, Esq<^ M.P, 



H 



1414 Ib^ 15,.. B&lph Wode ... 
1178... «* ,.. Hobert Frmdei^ay,.. 

., ... Richjird .F<?yrher *.. 

IS 13 Atig*^ 4,..; John Gt*yinvshe c&p» 
1514 Fehy lS.„;SAmiwioQ Michael 
15M Deoi^' 28.,* John Coke 

Ijohn Rose 



^ 



DJLTE Of 
AI^MIiQIOlf. 



l44SDwi'^-20,.. 



UICOVBEMTS, 



John OhapiDAli **» 
John Rjaahion 



5&a April 30 

QctoK7 
15^4 Septr^ 22 



John FerriB ... 
Thomaa GunieU 



1&€5 Jnne9 .,*jHumfry Higgona,,* ,*, 

l$fl$ Jtt&y^ 16„. EdwA Lmfaid , 

^ .., ... ,„; Edward Denton .*. „. 

1589 Apnl 36 Hu^h Rawood 

IISO* Jyly 31 ,..jAnthony Mattock, A.B. 
I0De June 18...lThonift3 Price, A.B. .., 
1464 Angtwt 16 1 J oh Q Crnnipe. A.M. „ 
im^ Jjtnufltrj 0'WLlliam WSlii 

ieE74 M&rch 30 John Fkrker, A.B. .. 

1093 July 30... John NicboBi ... .. 
1716 Aoga«t 10 EbiJithan Itot, A3. ,. 

1721 Deo' ll.,.|williaa Lamb ... ., 

.». ... _- *♦. Edward Powell ... ,. 
1746 Jane 3 ... Daniel Walter „. .. 

,y Mot. 3 ... Bamnel Jefferk ,,, „ 

1/77 Mny Ifi ... Jo«©ph Bailoj 

17&4 Sept^' 6... John Han ley, A*M- ,.. 
1795 May 19 ... Thomaji Hudaou, LL,B. 

ISSO Murcb 27 Denny AAhhomham ,,, 

ifl43 Sept^^ 28 Jnlins Kouail]©, A.B,„. 



laSGApiil 10 



HOW T^CAHT. 



Tho"' Hutebinaon, M.A 



tGB* Jdtm. Chupm&n ... 
rea. John Ey^ahton ... 

d. Bieb^ Feyrher 

d, John Geymyalie 
tes. Sampson Michuel 

d* John Coke.». *** .. 

d. JohnHotfOot .*. .. 
dep. Joha Ferru ... .. 

d. ... ... ,. 

d. Humfry Higgoni ^« 

. Bdw^ Denton 

. Antliy- Mattock ... 

d. WmiamWrnis 

d. John Nicholle ... *«« 
d* £l]i&than Itot 

d. Eli ward Powell 
ceaa. Dan'- Walter 

(1, Sam^ Jefferiji , 

d. Jof. Bailey ... .* 
GCS3. Jukii Hanley 

d. Denny Aahbnmham 
d. Jnliofl NouaiUo 



(¥not and Convent 
J of the Momutery of 
J St^Fancmi, Lewe«, 
Lord. Clnsisu;. 
The d&me. 



PATaONS* 



Tbe same. 
Tb0 same. 
The same. 

fTho Lady Ann of 

lOliwea. 
The aame. 
The same. 

f WilliamBradhridge 
J^ Rector. 
'oieBame, 



( John Threele 
i jlrlvugton* 

John llootea. 

John Sberrle* 



of 



f William Saywell, 
\ Chancellor of the 
tCathedmL 
The Biahof> by hip«e. 
' John Wnght^ Chan- 

cellor, 

Rob^' Rawlinion, 

ChjiQcelior. 

The same. 
Tbeaame. 

J Tbomaa Williamai 

t Chancellor, 
The saniti. 
The ganie. 

{John Ashburnhanij 
ChanoeUor. 
The Aatne. I 

(Bamnel Lord Bp. 
i? of Chrfbrd, in righd 
t of Hs see. 



" Hodie Attre*?, 

" 158a, August 23iid. Hen; Pye, presented by the Crown. See Yoh m-, p. W— 
remored to Pe«eniarsh the followmg year. 

2 K 2 



260 



DircnLdG. 



I 




The ol*l timber-fraraecl buildings at tli6 western entrance 
of the village deservetUr attriict the atteutiou of all visit* irs* 
They are the sole remiiining evidence of the antiquity uf the 
place. Whether they formeil hut one house, the piirt filling 
op the int4^nnediute space having lieen remaveil, us some have 
rather alii?urdly iniiigined, the ilistaiiee between the two houses 
being a siiffieient refuhition ofthe supi>05ition> or whether they 
were a series of sucli houses, I shall not pretend to determine. 

Here indeed hbtory ends, and ti-adiiion l*egins. Very 
pleotiBil and often hidierous are the stories current in tlie 
plaee^ of wliich we shall omit the tnarvelloius and allude tmly 
to the probable^ which by various ptirties have been detailed 
to us, leaving the reader to assign to eticli such credit as hiii 
own judgment may accord to them. But first, there cauuot, 
I think, be a question but that the range of these ancient 
buildings extended from one end to the other, for within the 
memory of many inhahitants, several of the intervening 
houses have been erected in the place of others of tie same 
character as the old ones now remaining at each end- 

The house at the western end is ex tern idly l>eautitied. Of 
this, one person dec^lared to me that it was built by Alfred, and 
when I told him that to be so ^4tmust l>e more than one tliou- 
sand years old," he seemed to see the tallacy of his own 
statement. Another a^vserted that Gundrada built it for 
stabling, and that Mr. Poole^ who^e monument is in the north 
transept of the church, was miLster of her hounds and was its 
first inhabittuit, without for a moment considering that in 
that case he must have lived to a greater age than even 
DitchUng people ever attain unt*>, viz,,*** SOU years- Lastly, 
it has been thought to have been built by Anne of Cleves, 
and to have been the entrance to the park of which we have 



pie la Ditcblinfl 
Barifdt for il 



'■ Thp ^^it ufffl to wliich man J peQ"^ 
In Efcctideiitjilly o|H'tiiti^" the RegUter of 

Inratttd ..,.«...*.*.,. 4 

Upto20„.„ ...„ 

Betwe^ m (tud So ,.,,,,, I 

31k ftud 40 ...,.* 

4Uuid^,.^... 

£4)iutdG(K. 

60 and 70- ., a 

TOftftdw a 

eoAiidtto 4 

WudlOA... ...t. 1 

Abtw«100 , 1 



have UT?d im very rainbrbiblt 
io ;c«r ld&7, I Bi^ of «iit«ra 



DITCIILING, 



261 



l>efure spoken, and the residence of the Ranger, As this date 

land the time uf Anne of Clever correctly synchronize, tliis 

edition I ttike to h^ the neiirest to the trutlh Other wonderful 

atorie^ are told, few of which will bear repetition, and these 

only to refiite themselves. 

»A connection from the east to the west end of the. Tillage 
l>y an nndergronnd pHSssage wats ut one time very fiiUy believed, 
but this rumour had iilmost died away, when on the sinking 
of a well lately at the west Piid uftlie vilhtgBj it wa^j suddenly 
rerived, trom the circnmstuncc that, in digging out the soil, 
^tbe workmen suddenly came upon some old hriek-work, and 
Bas the mason was putting together the new, he slipped into the 
shait of tlie old well, which he supposed to be the subter- 
^■Taneous passage in question. 

^p Among the letters of Edward Prince of Wales, afterwards 

^ Edward IL, which are given in voL ii,, pp. 80 to 98, from a 

^MS, in the Chapter-House Westminster, is one in which 

■*^ Brother John rle Burne and Sir Oliver de Willet, executors 

of the Lord Earl de Wurren, are entreated, for the love they 

be-ar the Prince, to give assistance mnre si>eedily ta John de 

Dycheninge, keeper of the Prince's colts (running at large 

probably in the Park )j in those matters in which the said Lord 

^Eaid was bound to him concerning the time in which he hud 

Bserved him/' The plain interpretation of which is^ that he 

V would be obliged to them tcj pay up the arrears of his groom *s 

^ wages;. It hud been shewn in a previous letter that this 

» Prince kept his stud of horses at Ditchling, 
The farm which occupies the enclosure of the ancient Park 
b stiU called *' the Park Farm," 
Every story connected with this Park and the old timber- 
framed houses has reference either to Alfred, Gundrada, Anne 
of Cleves, or the Ranger ; and these legends, however improba- 
ble, if not altogether impossiblcj tend nevertheless to confirm 
the opinion, tliat these great personages were dij-ectly or iu- 
. directly associated with this place. 



LETTERS AND WILL OF DK ANDREWl 

BORDE. 



By WILLIAM DUERAlsT COOPER, F.&A. 



The meeting of oiir society at Pevensey seemed a fit occasioa j 
io mention some unpublished correspondence of tlie great] 
worthy of that ancient town and pi^rt> The materials for the 
pei'sonal history of " Merry Andrew** are very scanty, and 
such as could be collected Were ably given by Mr. Mark 
Antony Lower^ in a funuer volume* of our Collections* The i 
letters I now give aftbrd us some valuable additions to ourfl 
former knowledge of this celebrity; two were in the State-™ 
paper Office, but all are now among the records at the Kolls. 

These letters show that in the year 1521, when Robert 
Sherbourn, Bishop of Chichester, was 80 years of age, Horde ^ 
was named as suflragan bishop, l>ut did not execute the office, H 
He was a Presbyter of the Charter- House, and it is clear that 
his religious duties were not to his taste, for he avows that he 
wjis little able to abide the rigour of the rule, and he waa 
dispensed of those duties in Prior Batmanson's days* (1529- 
1531), and that he then went over sea to school. 

It was during this absence that he visited the €4>nn tries] 
mentioned in his '^ Boke of Knowledge." He went by Calais,! 
Flanders, and Holland, to Constantinople, visiting part oP 
Airica, and then back by Italy, passing into Spain, and thenee 
through Normandy to England again. During his ti'ip with J 
pilgrims over-land to the shrine of St, James of Compostella,] 

* YdL ri,, p. 201. The fieMnd letter ia roprint^il to preaenre the ci.i)lt*ctii>ii enti}<»* 

* iolm Batmtuiituii sutjceeded TLou. Bpe&et'r, ytho died cirt\ l^^il, Bntfiiajaaou die4 
16th KuY^ 1631 J and wns iiUL'^;eed€!d hy Joliii Howt'htoD. ' 



LETTERS AND WILL OF DR. ANDREW BOBDB. 



263 



^ 



I 
¥ 



I 



ire find the first notice of his practice of physic, then some- 
what unsuccessful; the account of the misery endured to 
very littk purpose is very quaintly given, and he concludes 
by saying:^ ^' With great hunger we did come to Compostella^ 
where we had plenty of meat and wine; but in returning 
through Spain, for all the craft of physic that I could do^ they 
died all by eating of fruits and drinking water," adding most 
siguificautly lor a Carthusian, '^the which I did ever refrain 
myself," 

The letters prove that Borde, when he came home, adhered 
to the old faith ; returned to the Charter-House ; was involved 
in the trouhh^s caused by the refusal of the brethren there to 
take the oath of supremacy ; was hard pressed by his fellows to 
adhere to his objections; and like others was imprisoned. 
At length a week after the Prior (John Ilowghton) had con- 
foi-med, Andrew Borde, on 29th May, 1534, followed the 
Prior's example.* 

In 1534 Thos, Cromwell was made Secretary of State and 
Master of the EoUs, and so continued till July, 133G, when 
he was made Privy Seal. The first three letters of Borde were 
therefore written between those two periods, and prove that 
immediately after taking the oath he started once more on his 
travels, observing well the teeling entertained towards his sove- 
reign ; and was at Bonrdeaux on the 20th June, 1535, After 
coming back he went to Winchester, and at once communi- 
cated with Cromwell, who had a house close by at Bishop's 
Walt ham, whither Borde was allowed to come once a quarter; 
and Horde lent him the history of his travels, which was 
lost. The ^^ Boke of the Introduction of Knowledge " was a 
subsequent work, and is dedicated from Montpellier, 3rd May, 
1542» The book itself, which was imprinted in black letter 
by William Coplande, is without date, Borde next went to 
the University of Glasgow, and wrote from Leith on 1st 
April, 1536, the characteristic and uncomplimentary letter 
which I read- Cromwell was still gracious to him. The 
Master of the Rolls when riding from Westminster called him 
to him, and sulisequently heard his griefs about the loss of 
two horses, his debtors in London, the abuse he received as 

* The WMMunt Li refrriutod m Uio RctroapccfciTe Ee?iew fdr ISSS^ VoL i, p. 172. 

* figbexi Sm jthe'i HutoiicoJ Aocotint of the Cbartcrr Hp oa^* 



264 LETTEES AKD WILL OF DR. AKBBEW BOEliE, 

an apostate, and tlie charge wliich troubled him f>Ter aitl 
over again, and had liecn revived after 20 years, that he vfB 
not so chaste as monk shouhl be. 

The fall of Cromwell in 1540 may have injured Borde, as 
we find him at Montpellier in 1542; yet he contimied, as hil 
will shows, t^ hold houses at and about Winchester^ with ji 
sufficient furniture t4> satisfy the anstere vows of a Ciirthili 
sian, whilst tlie dedication i^fhin *^Bokeof Knowledge" 
the Pr in cess? Mary is evidence that he was not in great dis- 
favour at Court. For seven years however we have no further 
notice of hini^ and his will, made on tlie 11th April, 1549, and 
proved on the 25th of the same month, descrilie.'^ him as thea 
in the Fleet prii4on, where lie died. The will hjis been ~ 
ferreil t«i by Heurne and Lower; it hus not, however, beei! 
printel at length, and I give it as an illustration of the state 
of liorde's worldly affairs. 

Hesirne* tlnnks that Borde wtis the author of the popnla 
story of Tom Thumh^ not usually iiscribed to him. Tl 
first letter was written to Borders friinid, Edmund Horde, the" 
last prior of tlie Carthusian Priory of Henton, in Somerset- 
shin^, wlio surrendered his house on 31st March, 1540- 

The third letter contains the earliest account of the intrn-^ 
duetion from Barbary into this cxiuntry of Rhubtirb (Rheum) 
and directions for ity ciLltivation. 

Venemblc fnther* pre-conlmlly I eomend me unto jow with tbanks, *c. I de- 
lyrti ycjw to pray fi-»r me, and to pmy nil your convotit to j>ray for me, for luuch 
confidence I have m your prey era s & yff 1 wyst, the uiodter prior off loo don, wf>ld be 
good to me, 1 wold aee yow more ttoner then ytw U* ware off. I am nott able Xo 
bjrd the nigorosite off your relygyon. YlT 1 niph \m Buffi^yd to do what I myti^ 
with oott ioterupcyoiii 1 can telJ wJvat I had tf> do, for my Uoitt y» erer to your 
rely Ky on, aud I love ytt Jc all the |>ef&oas in theni as Jeeua knowth me ami 
kepp yow, 

Yowia for evw, A» Bohd» 
(Addressed) 

To the fyglit venerable father prioc 
off Hynton be this byU dely very d. 

The ne^ct letter is Xn Secretary Cromwell from Bourdeanx, 
and was sent hy the servant of Sir Thos. ArundeU. 

After humly ealutaeyon, acordyng to my dcwte coactyd, I am (eauB^i <xniaideryd) 
to gere yow notycyon of certyn synysterall matters contrary to our realm* of 
yngluudf flpeoyally ay en at our moat annijHitentt, perpondentt, oiroonfipecte^ dyacr«l«, 
k graoyofle aovereyng lord the KjTigi For w&ua mj departyng firom yyw^ I biiTO 




* EeHq. : Ed. Bli«e, p, d3i* 



LETTEHS AND WILL OF DH. ANDREW liOHDE. 265 

FrltigtrflttHl oormaoily, frawnce, gnscaoy, niid lejon ; the R^gjona alsn of castyle, 
Lbyse^y, *payne,pnBrt4?of portvD^iie Ai><i retMmyd rhnrovr Arogon, Naveme, aud now 
( Bti buniyone- In the why qh pttftyei, i linnl of dyveme cn^dyble ijeraoofl of the 
fd caimt ryts and fil*o of rutnej ftale, ttod idmnn, tluvt the injpe, the emomwre, and 
[fither cry&tyn Iityng5» with ther pepk (th<3 french kyng except) be i*ett ayenst otir 
sot^tsitiyiie Jord the kyng-: uix>n the whych m all the nacyooa thut I liava travellyd 
ft gr*?att army 4k nnvey 3 * preparyd : and few frendys ynglond hath in lhey«* partes 
©f Kupopc?, i%» j€^ufi your lord knowth, who ever have your mastur and yow with 
the hole realme under hy^ wynges of tiiyssyon from burdyoao the xx day of June 
by the hond of yunr barvantt :ind bejiman 

ASTDREW Bootti>. 
I hiimyly k precordyally deflyrc your niaatei-shcpp to be good raaater (as yow ever 
have hyu) to your fo/thfull bedmen^ master prior of the cherter howse of londoop 
and t*> maalcr doctor hoT«ie, prior of hyntoo* 
(Addressed) 

To hys veDt?rable master; 
Mtist-cr Thomas Cromwell, 
fSecrt?tofy to our sovereyngne 
lord the kyng be thin byll delyroryd, 

t After 'Borde's return he tfins wrote from Loodon to the 
Bretary and Master of the Rolls : 

Honomble Syr, afler hiimly aatuiaoyofi* I oerfcy^ yow tliat mm I wfott to 
your moAterftbepp from bnrdyuee by ye fiervantt off Sir John Arundell in Corn- 
wall, £ have byo in dyvoii! regyoiis k uoyvursyteji for lernyngt unci I aftaeure yow 
tti^ tinyversyt&& of orlyance^ pyctanensys, Tolosa, mowntpylleft & the reverend father 
off the bed cliarterhow»e, n farauae clark k preisidentt of the onyvereyte off j>arya, 
doth hold with our eoveryne lord the kyng. in big acta, that in so much att 
Ihe vjrsytacyon off" our lady Iftflt pa^t in tolot^n in the cheff akole caUyd pctragoty* 
tenaia^ the kyng of Naverr and hx& qwene beyng preseott, the grctyst articles that 
mny oowld lay a^nst our oobyll kyng were diapulyd & dyfTyoyd to the honor of our 
nciHi kyng an I aball shew yow att ojy com yog to yow. I was in cathalonya when 
iti« emprowe tok aheppyng in u> barbary, the which em prow witb all other kyngs in 
the ctMirtes of whom I live byn, be our r^ioubtyd kyxiges frenda & loven j inoypy- 
entl pereonfe doth 8pek after tberleming k. wytt Certyffyng your maatershepp aflar 
my lal*o«re I amayk, or el« I wold have come to yow k putt my aelff fully in to your 
on!.vn&nee ; 8§ Aone as I am any th yng recoveryd I shall he att your qoumundmentt 
in all oausia, god su<;couryng» who ever kepp yow in helth k honor. 

By your l>t?dmati, An due w »ord priflt 

I have sentt to your mastorBhepp the seeds of reuherlm, tlie wbtcb come owtt of 
liarliaxy, in thei pnriei ytt yis had for a grett tresuro. The floedi be sowne in march 
thyn, and wh«n they beu rootyd they rouat be takya upp and lett every one off them 
m foote or mor^ from a nother and well watered, ko. 

(Addressed) 

To tbe Hgbt honorable E&fiU3'Te Master Thomas 
Cromwell, liygh Secretory to our sovereyne 
lord tbe kytig and Mafiti.'r of Kolls be thiM 
lettres dyrectyd. 



(Endoraed) 



Androwe bord, prest* 

How king H. 8 is well esteemed 
in fraunoG k other natyona. 



This is followed l)y a letter, which doubtless led to the per- 
mL&sioii to visit Cromwell at Bishop's Waltham. 

After hninyle salotacyon with d^w reverence. Accordyng to my promyse 
1^ my letters maade at burdyose und also att lottdon, the pteaentt month 

xiv; 7> 2 L 



266 



LETTERS AND WILL OF BE. AKDREW BOHDE. 




imd^d to your masteraliepp, I Andrew Boorde gomtytne tnotik of tht" 
ooartorbowso of london, ftiti come to your mastershepp corouiTiittyng' me tnUj 
in to goddid h&ndA and yours to do with me vfhn.it your wyii. As ] wrott- to ym 
ma«tcrsh(?pp, I browih letters from byyeod see, l*iit 1 have not nor wyll nott delyv( 
them unto the tjTne yow have eeen Uieuij and kuowyng the over plua of my uiiiadi 
I have auffyeyeatt record that the prior iiff chart terhowse oi* londtiD laat beyug, 
Ids own meere mocjon^ gave me lyceoce to departs from the Hy^sin ; whert^up[ 
I wemti over tee to ikole, nnd now I dyd corae home by the gra.wnte eharterhuwee, 
wher f WM dyipeiuyd of tlie relygjyon in the prior batmauBon* days. Att the faid 
howae, in the renewyng that lyct^nee, 1 browth a letter, yow to do wyth me nad ytt 
whftt yow wjll^ for I wyll hyd uothytif^ from yow be yt vtyth me or aj^etifit ma I 
w»alaoxv. yere&pasayd di&peoayd'wyth the rdy^yoti by the bishopp of U^mm 
bulls, to be aulTrignn of! Chyoheatrc, the which I never dyd execiit* tb« HOjCtoim 
yett all that notwythstondjiiiJ: I subiuytt my^ltf to yow, nod y II yow wyll have CM 
to that relyg^on, I »hall do as well as I can, god 9U(K?Duryngf who ever kq»pe yoitr 
stafiterfihepp' in properuae helth and honor 

By your bedman the »jd AiTDRE w, preDOmjnatyd. 

(Addraaied) 

8«o Hononfieo MagiMro Thome 
Cromeli Annigero, sumo Secretio 
aerenissimo nro re^ henrico ootavo 
Magifltro rotnlorm digmasimo, hae 
Httere siut tradendeu 



i 



The letter is not dated, but the allusion to the vacancy 
the office of prior of the Charter- House enables mc to fix" 
1st April, 1536, as the date of the letter. The visitation of 
the Charter-House began in April, 1534< The inmates refui^ed 
to take the oath of supremacy, whereupon John How gh ton, 
the prior, and Humphi'ey Midyhnore, the procurator, were^ 
imprisoned in the Tower, After a month's confinement the; ^ 
took the oath, and on the 29th of May a certificate of con 
formity was given. On the Gth of June, Antlrew Boorde, oi 
of the presbyters, as we have seen (with others) also co] 
formed- A year afterwards, (April, 1535), the same prior 
with two other Carthusian priors, a monk of Sion, and the 
vicar of Isleworth, were convicted of high treason. On the 
27th April Howghton, and on the 4th of May the otliei^ wer^H 
drawn, hanged, and quartered. In the next niontlu Tlum-^ 
phrey Midylmore, the procurator, and two monks, William 
Exmew and Sebastian Newdigate, were also apprehended^ 
condemned, and executedp** On 18th June, Smythe, with- J 
out giving his authority, states that A* Borde had dis^f 
covered that his age Av^as at variance witli the rules of the" 
order, and that the confined air of his cell was injurious to his 



• Smytha'i Charter Hou«e| p, 87* 



LETTERS AKD WltL OP DR, ANDREW BORDE, 267 

tealtJL He therefore quitted the habit, and advised his 
brethren to submit to the king. 



After btimly wiJutflcyOQ, with dew reveren<je I oertyfy your tDft^tershepp that I 
mm mow m BkotJond^ in ft lytle nnj^^erayie or study naruyd Glasoa, wher 1 study and 
pnu?tyoe physyk aa 1 have donci in dyrera re^pnsaml provynoca for the BUEt€!Utacyoil 
c^ my lyvyng; a^sewrjng jow that in thi^m partes that 1 am yn, tJie kyuges gram 
hath, many ye (a) and tp manner a!J uiariDer of persons (exoeppt some skolaatycall 
men) that be hya adversary a and spekji-li parly ua wordea, I .reaortt to the 
Skotysh kyages bowse, and ttje Erie of Aryn* naniyd HamyltouT? and to the Lord 
Eiyndale, nomyd Stuerd, and to many lords and layden, a^ well fspyrytuall m tero* 
ponJt, and truly I know their mynda, for they takyth tne for a ;?koty»h inan's sone, 
Ibr I name my *etff Harm, and fio the Karreti tally ih me cn#yn, thorow ibe which I 
mm in the more favor. Shortly to conclude, trust yow no Skott, for they wj'll youaa 
flattcryng wordca* and all yi fabhood. 

I ^uppofi^. voryJy, that yow have in ynglond by yend i thowaand t^kotta 
ftnd itinnitiemble other alyonfl, which dotb f&peeyally the Skott^) much hamie to 
the kyng^ !eege men thorowh ibeir evyll wordes ; for as I w(?ntt thorow yuglond I 
ruett and was in eouipuny off, many rurall felowa, f^nglyahmen, that lova nott our 
^mcyo^kyng. Wuld tJj Jiisii that some we r ponyahyd to geve others example; 
wtolde to Jesu also tbat yow had never an alyou in your rKvJme^ »pecyally Skotts, 
for I n^viir knew alysio gofxl to }Tiglond, exceppt they knew profytt and lucre Bbold 
1^ to them. In all the partes off Cryetyndnm that I have traTylled in, I 
i V ynglyshinen iithabitantSf exceppt only ekukm for leruyoff.' I pray 
^that aJyotia do in ynglond do no more bamie to yti^lond. If I m>g;bt do 
jfl r ■ r,}^ ap©(?yally to my B<>vereyu lord the kyng", or to yow, I wold do 

ffk to 9] : a my \y AT in danKcr au d j u perdy «s fi&r aa ftuy man , tlod be m y j uge. 

Tcwf bavL .„, . ... :l, and abal be mire of uic tothe ottermtiitoffmy poerpower^ for I 
atn never able to mftk yow amendes, for wher I waJi in greatt thraldora, both Iwdyly 
»nd icowtly, yow off your gentylncfi sett me att lyberte and cleraes off conscyence, 
Abo r thank your mastershepp for your ^ett kyndnes, that yow shewde me att 
Bbhopp'a Waltam, and that yow gave me lycenae to come to yow otiB to a quartter. 
Aa soue aa I come home. I preteode to come to yow to aubmytt my seltT to yow to do 
with me what yow wylL For, for lak of wytt^ perafi venture I may i a thys wrtattyng^ say 
wbatflball nott contenttyow ; but god be my judge Imene trewly l>oth to my ROverygne 
lorri the kyng and to yow. When I wa» keppt in tbrawtdom in the Charter Ho wee, 
and knew notber the kyng's noble aei^, nor yow thcTi stultyoyutly ihorow eynys- 
tnll wurdea I dyd im many of tliat ordt^r dotb, butt after that I wan at lyberte many' 
ffslly 1 appontryd tbo ynjcimrance and blyndnea that they and I was yn ; for I i?ould 
I O^T«r know mo thyng of no manner off matter, butt only by them, and tbey wo!d 
isauio me wrctt full incypyently to the Prior of London, when he was in the Tower 
bdbr« be wo* putt to cx<*cucyon ; for the which I trust your matjtershepp hatb par- 
doayd me, for god kaowitb I was keppt in prison stray tly, and glad I waa to wrett^ 
ftt thejT reijuest, but I wrott notbyng tbat 1 thought ahold ho a gen at my prince not 
yow nor no other man. I pray god tbat yow naay provyd a good prior for that 
place of London ; for truly ther be many wyltiill and ohgtyaatt young men that 
stondytb to niuch fn their owne oonsiiyt^ and wyll not be rfsformedj butt playeth 
the chyldryui and » good prior wold lo serve tliem lyko chyldryn. News I have to 
wr^M to yow, butt I pretende to ho with yow shortly, for 1 uin halff wery off this 




^ James, sou of the B(*coud L^^rrl Hamilton, and of Mary^ danghter of 
, Scotlaudj wan croa.t*>d Earl vf Xrtiin in August, 1503, and died n.p. 



n.of 



iJ ** So/' or" cum," the word ia nuoertaiu : it ia written over the word " ho," which la 

^ In the 7th chftpttT of hia *' Bcke of the Introduction of Knowledge/* ho say*^ 
"I have traT*?Ded mtind about Chriateiidouj, and out of Cbrieto adorn, aud I did never 
me nor know " English mi?a dweUing in any toA n or city in any region beyond the jtee, 
except merf'hants, etudeat^, and broken, not there being permauent nor abiding^ but 
riMaituLg thither for a ^aee."^ 

2 i> 2 



268 



LETTERS AND Wnj. OF Bit. ANDREW BORDE. 



baryn contrr* as Jesu Cryat knowth^ who dyd keppe yow in helth and hoii<jn From 
Leth a myle from Edynborouh^ the fyrat daj off Aprj'U by the hand off jour poor 
fikoUer and aervantt 

(Addreieed) 

To the right Honable Esq re, 

Mr. Thomas Crtimwell, Hygh Secretory to the Kyqg*! j 
Sealed with a seal, 1. C- 

The last letter of the series is dated from Cambridge, and 
must have l>een \\Titten afk^r 3rd July, 1536, when Cromwell 
was made Lord Privy-Seul. ^M 

Reverently saliityd with love and fere. I desjra your lordshepp to oonhnew my 
giKHl lard us ever yow liave byn : for god be mj jndge yff I ktiow what I niyght do 
Bifit myght be acceptable to yow I wold do yfcl, for them ya no ereatiire lyi'fng that 
J do love and fere »o mtich as yow, and I have oott in this world no refuge bull oirly 
to yow. When I cam to London owtt of Skotlpnil nnd that yl plesjd yow to call 
me to yow as yow cam lydyng from westme^tre. I had ij horsysstolyn froma me, k I 
cnn tell lheporson»that hath bowgth them, but I can nott recover aiy horsee allhowh 
they that Ixkwght them did never toll for them nor never bowth them in no tnurkett^ 
imtt privetly. Also ther be id london certyn persona thatt owth me in mooy mxC 
itaff liij^*, the which my frends gave me. 1 do aske my dewty off them & the 
«AUyth me appo^talA & nil to uowght k eayth they wyll trobk mc^ ^ doth slawndf 
me by hynd my Imk off thyngea that 1 tihold do xx^ yeti»a a gone^ ic trewly they oi 
nott prove ytt, nor T ntnrer dyd ytt ; the mattt^er yg that I shold be oonvenantt wil 
women. Other matters they lay noit to n^y ohnrge. I de.«i}'LT yow to be good lor^ 
to me for I wyll never complayiie fortber then to yow. Thank J&sn Crjst I can 
Jjve althowh I never have peny off ytt; hut J wold be sory thut they that hath my 
good fihold have ytt^ yff any off yoiir servant ta cowld gett ytt I wold geve ytt to 
&£m. Your fayghtfull aervantt Master Walter Thomas. dwelljTig in Wreltyli 
knowth all the hoole matter^ and bo doth hyg son, dwetiyng in th^ tem|>le. I oom- 
mylt all to yow fo do with me k ytt, what ytt shall pl^e yow ; desyeryng yow I© 
spare ray rude wrcttjTig, for I do presume to wrett to yow upon your gentylfiei; ai 
god knowth who ever keep yow in heltb and honor : ffromc oumbrydg the xiy day 
off August by the hood of your bedman k aervantt to the uttermust off my ] 
power. 

Andrew Boo&de, prest. 



Lett, 

aad,^ 



(Addrea$«d) 



To the ryght honorable lord 
the lorfl of the pryve Bcnle 
be this by II dyrectyd. 




Horde's will was proved in the Prerogative Court 
Canterbury, Popplewell, fol. 29, by Richard Matthew, 25tli 
AprU, 1549- 

In the Nake of Gob, Amen. The yere of our lorde God, a thougande fiy 
hundreth fortie and nyne, the xj"' diiye of A prill, I, Andre we Bord of Wyncht^At4 
in Hamshirep Doctor of Pbi»icke, beinge in tiie closi^ wi\rda of the Flete, prifiona 
lin London, hole In mynde and sit?ke in boiJy, make thia my last will in maner t 



LETTERS AND WILL OP DR. ANDREW EORDE. 



2fi9 






la First I beqtieili mj Boule toAlrayplitio God, and my bodie to he buried in 
^crth« where yi ahaXl please my Executor. Also T betiueth unto tlio poore 
^ now lying in the close wards of th6 Flete x*. Ako I becjuoth to Edwards 
udaoa a fetherbed, a bolster, a pa ire of Bhctts, and my U^iit coverlet. Alao I 
liequeth and g-ive to Richnrd Mathew, to bis heirei and to hia assl^e^. two tpne- 
mentB or how^ei h tug in th<» s^iockG in the towne of LynneJ" Also Tgive and bequeth 
unto the same liichard Mathew, to bia beiree and to bis assigrie^f all thoie tenemeuta 
w' the apportennos whicbe I bad by the deathe of my brother lying In Femsey in 
SuiMex. All whiohe two tenements in L}Tine^ whicbe 1 hadd hy the gifle of one Mr, 
Ckmysby* and thoea other tenements in Ferascy whicbe I had by my brother, w* all 
and ainguler iher appnrtenncs, I will and give by thia my la^t Wyll, unto Richard 
^Matfaew and to hb beires and hb aisalfinies for ever (the dcutye of the Lords of the 
always e3EC6pted) The n^idiie of all my fijttoded unlKstjuettiedt moveable and 
Tinraoveable. I will and be«jijeth unto Richarde Mathew whom I make my Executour, 
and he to di*^rK>se aa he shail thinke best for my Boule and all xr>cn Eoules. Also I 
^ve and be<iueth all my chattels and houses lying abowte Wytiche^ier or in 
[%*y^ehester unto Richard Mathew and his aasignes, Witn^aiea unto this wyll^ 
'iij*M, Maxlet, Gt^ut.— *Johk Panneli.— MARTrK Lans^-Humfkey Beu.— 
'WARD HuD!?ON— Thomas Wosenam— Nicholab BKrwE. 



I in 

w- 



Dr- Borde's friend and benefactor at Lynn was William 
ConyngsbT, Esq,, some time Recorder of and Burgess in Par- 
1 J anient for that Borough," who, in July 1540, was made a 
justice of the King's Bench, and died in a few months. In 
addition to his house at Eston Hail, Wallington^- he resided 
in a mansiun-liouse, in a street called the Wool*Market in 
ynn. He was much trusted by the Crown and by Crom- 
Trell, to whom he adtlressed several letters preserved in the 
State-paper office. 






^ Soken" waj? n«ed to distingTiiah the* inhabited part of the parish of All 
IpQiaib Ltwh, whk'h, though vrUhiii th^j foftific^ations, was BuhjtJCt to the Lest of 
imirBd of Frechridgw-Lynn, frtnu the Biahop's Borooffh of Lyiin. £x inf: 
Alan H, Bwatioaxi^ ^0q-> of Lynii. It wa« i^oorporated with the BqfroDgh, temp PmL 
t MuT- 

** Wm, Conyiby was eled^^d recorder of Lyan, ntirsnant to the new charter, on 
Mcaiday, the reaat of 6t* Michael, ItJth Heu. VJJI., n.nd wsii elected hur^sft to 
mrvc in parliiLiiient, for that borough, 3 tut Marcli, i^lh Hr>n* Ylll. {Ex inf.; AImu H. 
Swattjia^n, EaqJ He waa aflerwardu a Jadjfo, (See Fo<«' Jud^», v. 146.) I have not 
he^ti able to identi^ Borde't hooaei. 
^^ lie also ovroed West Lincb Manor im Norfolk. 



THE VICARS OF RYE ANDTHEIR 
PATRONS, 

WITH THE MUKAL, SLAB, AKD HEADSTONE INSCRTPTIOKS HT THl 

PARISH CHITECH A25D CHUllCH-YAHD OF 8T* MABY, 

AND THE BAI^TIST CHAPELj RTE, 



By a SLADE BUTLER, Esq. 



1306. — iJoHN Dtkesterne.— The first patron of Tiye Chtu-cBT 
of whom we have any aceount, was King Edward 1st, as the 
following record will show: — "Alexander Buttcmentj haviR|? bcea 
presented to the Churuh de la Rye, of the diocese of Chicljesier^ 
by the king, of whose patronage it was, and instituted therein hj 
Gilbert, Bishop of Chichester j and being hindered of the per- 
ception of two parts of the profits and obventions of y" si "" 
church, and more by Juhn Dykesterne pretenrling himself to 
vicar of the said church of the ordination of the said Gilbert, 
that he ought to receive the said profits ; the king (June 6^ ; 
Ed. 1 ) issued hiB writ to John, then Bishop of Chichester, 
inquire concerning the ordination of the said vicarage ; ami if ha 
finds it to have been without the absent of the king, or his pre- 
decessors, to declare it void. To which the bp* (14 cal. Aug*| 
1306) returns that y" said vicar has shewn that he was institute 
in the said vicarage by Gilbert, and his (y*' bishop's) predecessor 
and that he can proceed no farther against hinij unless the rect 
of the said church prosecute concerniog y* matters contained 
the said writ." (See Prynne^s Records, vol 3, p. 1135.) 

1333,— By the Inq. ad quod damnum anno 7 Edvardi III 
Persona Eccrise de Ryanon habnit domnm, mansum, nee placea 
nee aliqua domua sive placea ad eandem eccriani |tertiuet, uhT 
inhabitare vel quoquo niodo »?dificare potest, " The parson of i!ie 
Church of Rye, had not a houeey dwelling, or place ; nor does any 



THE VICARS or RTE AND THEIR TATRONS. 



271 



r ill 



iOti8e or place belong to tliat cliurch, where lie can anyhow dwell 
r buUi" 

13M* — Henry de Kendall, Vicar, presented the following 

tition to Parliament, 8 Edward IH* :— *' To our Lord the Kingf, 

ihewetJi his clerk, Henry de Kendall, i»arson of the Cliurch of 

":ye, whi(:li is the king's advowson, that none of the fishermen of 

is said parish yield any tithe of their fisheries to the eaid par- 

m ; wherefore he prays that he maj have our eaid lord the 

Ling's permission to Bue his action against tliem, for the said 

tithe, m court Christian, without incurring the indignation op 

:ontempt of our said lord the king, — Answer: — Let him sue, if 

e will/' And in 1339, he ohtained a respite of his paymeutSj 

as his houses and tenements (like those of the Canons of St 

penis at Southampton) had been burnt and wasted. (Rot ParL 

*L^ pp. 87 b. and 111 K) which must have been in the French 

ttack of 1337 J when fifty-two tenementa and one mill, at Rye, 

ere destroyed. (Cooper's Winchelsea, p* 69») 

^ William Sudbury, on the presentation of the Abbot and 

nvcnt of tlie Monastery of Stanley in the diocese of Salisbury.* 

141 3*^ — WiLLLiM CoFFEj luducted December Ist; the same 

trons. 

— ^ — Richard Rychemond. 

1438. — John Deve, inducted in December, 



1478* — William Wikwyk. 
1510, — Mai&^tre Lake* 
1513. — Dr. TeoMiis Sewell. 

1525* — ^Dr. Ralphe Snedb, inducted March 7thj on the pre- 
sentation of Sir Edward Guilford, Knight VaL EccL temp. 
Ban. 8. "iley; Doctor Snede cPicus vicarins ib'm valet clare^ per 
annum « cum omnibz profic\ & commod', & dimittitur Will'mo 
Inold cFico pro t'mio annor' & re' per aniiu' £xlij xiij"" iiij"^* X" inde 
^£iiij\^ iiij**- 

^B Ralph JLkiicY, hurled 30th September, 154L 

^B 1541. — WiLLLiM Inold, B.D* His burial is thus recorded 

^■m the Register in red ink: — *M545, March item. The 12th 

day was buried, Master Willyam Inoldj Batchelor of Dj'i^yntc, 

Vicar of Rye and Dene of Battel 1, and Vycar of Hothton beside 

Wye, in the County of Kent" 

1545. — Thomas Chapmah, S*T*B., inducted October 25th, on 
the presentation of King Henry 8th. 



¥ 



* Tlie R^tory of Rye wm, A.D. 156S, fttitioxdi^ by appropriatitjTi, to tbe Al>bai and 

iTe, between CliippeuhtnnL and Calne. 



Mod as If 17 of Stanldgh or Stnnloj, lU Wiltabi: 
» Vid^ ^pprckprijLtiouem EL»d* d& E 
|A.D. L3<ii,pL'iie(iv. cliur. PetnoMlel 
ll7 Ed. Ill, p. 1, m. IS, 21, as, pnj ©ccl' . . 

iBuaaeiJ ttjiprogriandisi^ et pro deoimU piscatorura vocatia Cliriat'tf ilL[Lre and King^i 



» Vid-* approprijitioaeiD BL»d* d& Ev« (Bustfi^ic) Abbati et IfDnaclufl du Staaley (Wilts) 
.0. L3<ii, pL'iied V. cliur. PetnaMle Nevo, Armig,, NorroyjTftiiner*iNot. Moa^fiOO) et Piifc, 
' Ed. Ill, p. 1, m. IS, 21, as, pnj wcF de Band et Wotton Basrott (Wilts) et Byo 



ffBtiaaexJ ttjfpropriiLndis et pro dooimu piscatornm ^catiii Lunat tf Ahaxi. 
Iltufe in diet, rnJa de Bje." Ibid 601, it-jrlej'fl Snsaei CoU,, Brit Mu4* 




272 TUK V1CAR8 OF RYE A^D THEIB PATRONS. 

]547.^ — Edmi^d Scambleb was born at Grtssiutrljam, Lan 
gliire, about 1 51 CK He m as eduoateil at the iioiverisfit}^ of Canibrid^ 
ftDil was Vioth of Peterhoiise and Queen's College. In the aecin 
of Queen Elizabetlve visit to Cambridge in 1564, it is stated tJj^ 
lie wtis of Jesus College also. He proceeded B, A- 1541-2, W 
caDnot ascertain when he commenced M.A* During tli 
cut ion in Queen Mar/s reign he was pastor of a codl 
of Protestants in London. He was presented to the Viciiiiige 
Rje* by Edward YL^ and inducted 9t]i July, 1547; after tl 
accession of Elizabeth, he obtained the situation of eliaplaij 
to Matthew Parker, Archbishop of Canterbury, On 6th AprL 
1560, he Wiij^ appointed prebendar}^ of WistoWj in the Church 
of York, and by letters patent, dated 2l8t June, 1560, Ca 
of Westminster. Havinij obtained the favour of Secml 
Caeil^ he was raiserl to the Bishoprick of Peterborough, 
consecrated 16th Februar)-, 156f, The .newly -elected Bi 
shewed his gratitude by uf^antin^ to the Secretary several es 
of the See, especially the hundrea of Wassaburgh, in Northarop 
tonsbire. By comniiasionu from the Queen and the Archbishtip 
of Canterbury, dated KJth May, 3rd Elizabeth, he was autboriset" 
to hold his prebend of Wlstow, and bis canonry of West ruins te 
ill coniraendam with hia bishopriek for the term of three yeiii 
On 26th May^ 1500, we find him preaching at Paul's Cross, an< 
on 22nd February, 156^, before the Queen. He delivered the 
sermon at the funeral of Jane Seytnour, daughter of the Duke of 
Somerset, and one of the Queen's Maids of Honoiu*. He w*is 
present at the Convocation of 1562, and eubseribed the artiek-s 
then drawn up. In 1564 he was created D.D., being then a 
member of Queen's College, He w-as incori)orated of Oxford 
1584, On ir^th Dec% 1584, he was translated to Norwich, being con- 
firmed on 15th January following. In 1588 he condemned Francis 
Ketfor heresy- Dying 7th May, 1594, he was buried with heraldic 
ceremonies in bis cathedral on 3rd Jxme. A monnment of free- 
stone was erected to his memory, bearing his ef^gy in alabaster, 
enclosed with a lofty iron gate, 

^* Edmund! Scambkri virt reverendiMimli et In amplbs. digi^ttntii gmdu, diun 
inter hominai eiger^L locuii corpm In bgotogitor tumulo.obUt Non. Maiif anno 1594. 
*' Viro tibi, iii<^ricjrT]UO tibi, tibf Cbriaie refiii»iguii, 
Te qtim jtiistiJica ChriRte, prebeiido fide* 
Hiuc a1>eat mortie terrur, tibi vivo redemptor, 
Mora mibi Jucrum eat, tu pia Cbrisle saiuA/' 

Tlie following inscription was put up by James Seamier, Esq., 
of Wolterton, (his great-grandson) after the Restomtion, instead 
of the above, which was demolished in the rebellion : 
*^ D0O SEomia ; monumcatuoi Beverendi Edmoodi Seamier sub Marii eomfessgrii, 

* The Ume in gtvM& ia CcK^per'i Atb. C»nt. as fn Queen EliiabfiCh*a i«i£tu 



"■'Lj 

1 



THE VICABS OF BYE AND THEIK PATRONS. 



273 



ob Elisabeth a Pntaulis, primum Petrolmrgenifft, poitmodum Nofwieensifi, Menjrins& 
:itmcturii; Fumt^ ufxteni e Immanitatc Temponim, circa A*D. IGlA, dissipatum ; 
" piietAt* ^ tiltimi e Sumptibua Jacobi Scam led (Nepotia) de Wolterton in spio 
Korfolcienfii armigeri, reslAumvit Jsieobufi Scamter Pronepoa A.D, 1691* 

I* Vivo lilii/* &o.' 
Co 
?' 
im] 



^ 



> 



His will proTed 22nd June^ 15^4^ cob tain e directions for his 

epultare^ and for the iiiBcription on Ms monunjent of four verses 

be found in his prajer-book^ in his study, at Ludham, 

[Cooper's Ath. Cant., vol ii. p. 167. In Brown's Repertorium is 

cop|>eqiIate of his monument. The arms are those of the See 

RmpaliDg Scamblen 

1554* — Jom* Browxk, inducted 28th August, on the presenta- 
tion of Sir Richard Sackvyle, Knight. 

John Athebton. 

15G4. — Augustike BradbridgEj A.M., Sir Eichard Sack^yle, 
patron ; inducted June 10th. 

1567* — RiCHARi) CoNNOPEj iuducted 2nd October, on the pre- 
sentatioti of Sir Thomas Sackvile, Baron of Buckhurst 

1574.^ — Richard Fletcher, S,T.P,, father of the dramatis t, 
[John Fletcher (the friend of Beaumont), who wajs born at Rye, 
*^Otli December, 1579. Dn Flt^tcher was Dean of Peterborough^ 
rbendary of Lincoln, elected Bishop of Bristol Nov. 13, 1589, 
isecmted Dec. 14, and enthroned Jan* 3 following; of whom 
an Account in Harrington's View of the State of the Church 
Queen Elizabeth and King Jameses time, p, 25j where we are 
:old that he took this see on cnndition to lease out the revenues 
to courtiers, which he did in so extravagant a manner that he left 
httle to bis successors, insomuch that after his translation hence 
to Woreestor, 1593, before he had sat fonr years j it lay vacant 
ten years. While Dean of Peterborough, he was appointed to 

ftray with and for Mary, Queen of Scots, who was condemned to 
)e beheaded at Fotheringay^ near Ounclle, and^ as some assertj 
persuaded her to change her religion on the scaflbld* He waa 
translated from Worcester to London, and died suddenly in his 
house at London June 15thj 1596, being (to see to) well, sick, 
and dead in one quarter of an hour. He was buried in St Paul's 
Cathedral, without any memorial. See Willis's Cathedrals and 
Godwin's Catalogue of Bishops. 

' In Uie Cbajitry returns of 1st Edw. VI. (1647) o^ the eupprefldon of Cbfttitriesi, la 
tlie folio wing Dotici? of Ibe SHp^ndkry Prit^Bt of thi» Church j^** Ryp, the Stipenciar 
ih^f of tbe age of 50 jen^e, £S i'U. 8d, Mel, the pr^mbt^B do lye in &11 m old ruinate 
houses, and the repuircinff of them j^elj will he vene cbawable." S Edward YL 
Eeclor «t Eeoria com'ptjn^ & A.Y. ejnad* »c difer^ mesif t^r et aF heredit' in Ryp, 
teneDt' p, Rk-^ani Y*.niibli-8 Jpt a.Y in Bocagio, A.V, meana advoofttio vicoriffi, the iid row- 
son of the ^mrtige ; the roctorj thtiB pos^d to Richard Y^aabtei. 5 Edw. YI, 1551. 

loh' Ep*am Wmton, in Eleeinouitiii Rye, £Q 3a. 4d,j p. an' pro ittdeitioitat^ aolrend' a 
f irmftno EectoriDO oUni solul' p. Ahbatcm &> MoooBt^tintD d« StAiileigh in Wilti, Barnm 
(Dmn'a MSS., fo. 402.) 

xm. 2 M 



274 TITE VXCAUH OF UTB AND THEIK PATRONS* 

1683.— .John Ruck?* 

159L — JottH PRESCOT, inducted January 7th; patron, S£l 
Thoniaa Sackvyle^ buried 30th October, 1596. 

1597, — RofiER Smith, M.A., whose indoctiDB is thus recordi?d 
— ^** March ISth, was Roger Smith, M,A,, instituted Vicar of 
Rye, find Untk his possession April 3rd, Head the boot of ar- 
ticles accordmg to the statute. The bishop's authority was diited^ 
March 6th/' The same patron. He was Duried nth Decemfc 
1601. 

1602.— Jomr Brackoibdlb, S,T,B,, inducted July 12tb; 
jiaoie patron; buried 8th February, 1613/ 

1613,— Beyan Tw-i'NK, S.T-B,, inducted March loth, on tfa 
presentation of Richard, Ejirl of Dorset, son of Dr. Tlioraa 
Twyne, and g-randson of Jolm Twjne, wtis i*orn in 1579, an4 
admitted a scholar of Coq). Christ. Coll., Oxford, where ho ol 
tained a fellowship, aud was appointed Greek reiider. In July,^ 
1620, he provided a musket for the musters. The vicarage was 
sequestered from him (Book of Plundered Ministers) he pul 
lished " Antiquitatis Academia? Oxoniensis Apologia in trr 
libros divisa/' and was employed by Archbishop Laud in dmwii] 
up the University Statutes, all of which he translated with h3 
own hand, and was rewarded with the place of Gustos Archivoram, 
founded in 1634, He died at Oxford j 4th July, 1644. aged 65, 
and was buried in Corpus ChapeL He left a large collection of 
MSS, relative to the history of the University* In 1628-9, 
William Huet is described as minister, and in 1631, Abreyer 
Hexber, and from 1632 to 1635, Christopher BlackwoiKi;* they 
were curates to Dr. Twyne, who resided principally at Oxford^ 

* It is said by Harris, in hi» Huitory of Kent, p. 280 (mioted from FhiUpofa VHL 
Cant* fil7) tint oDe^ of tLt? imitie of Ruok, licB buned in Rye Cbnrcli, m Buwei:, a4 
WiiJ bow. bearer to King Ht-n. 3, and hia wms were, aa appeju- affiled to him gmw^ 
tftone, Babl& a cro« Ar^nt bet ween 4 fleurs^de Ua Or< The BeT. Jobn Eucke iru |re- 
i^ted to tbe YicuKge of Icklesh&m 26th Sept., 1563. (S^ Snm, Aich. ColL, 
toL lii, p. 258.) 

* In the time of Jaiuea l«t, April, 1008, TbomUp Earl of Dorset, died fcUisd of tlw 
Jlectory of Rye, b olden of the Kinj^, a« of bii Manor of E. Greenwich, in fne locAffe, 
BaiTCll'e MSS*, 5607* The inipropriatiiin of the Rectory of Eye, was anno 1*^1 1, \f 
Hichard, Earl of Dorset, (probably Thomas a aon) by l^9»e from the Biahop of Win* 
cbeater. Thia, imd Weatfi^^ld Rectory, !i<*ld at £20 per antitiin. Beeuppendix to Cox** 
interleflTod Camden'a Brit.| p, 7 aod 8 ; Mr. Clarke's notes on the Five ForU Cbmrtem 
BhadweU MSS, 

* Bee aote^ p, 60, note, 

* The following- terrier of all the possiMsioiii a.nd rigbt« b^loninnff to tlw Tie^ng* 
of Rye, made tb** Ifitb day of September, A*D. IGftfij was ertracted from the Regut^, 
at Lewes. 

Impriniia- A riciurag^^ bonse and an out kitohen thereunto belonging. Two g«rd«tifp 
the one of thetQ botifjding to the cborcbyArd, 8.E», and to the Une g*nnK ^^ *^*^ 
Batcher Row, N,E., frcm iheiicc to the lands that lead to the LenrEient* of 
Jno* Cronch, W* The kitchen gnrden, or garden a, behind tho botise, boimdetb to 
the tenement of John Kenm^ S* W,, ta the litndj of Jobn Cronch, N,^ to the 
€>harchyard, B. They oru both in qmintity Bent upon 20 perehes, 

Jt^tu. All tithes whstsoevf^r within the mid piirisb of Eye, ejtoept the titb«i of <»rn 
and bay, are puid to thf vieur. 



THE VICABS OF BfE AXD TUEIB I'ATttONJj. 



275 



Hmvm 



» 



I 



1642. — iJoHN Beaton, (his two sans, John Beaton of Kirdford, 
and NehemiaU Beaton j of Little HorstctI, were ejected from their 
lirings under the Bartholomew Act in 1662. See Calamy'a 
Baxter, IL, 685.) 

1650. — Robert Rdssell, resigned to the patronessy Sarah, 
wife of Charles Tufton. 

1653. — John Allfn, junr., born 13th October, 1623, at 
Wrentham, Suffolk; ejected Decemberj 1662, under the Bartho- 
lomew Act (Calamy's Baxter, U-? P- ^*^3) where he ia called in 
I efpor Thofiias Alien; author of ^^Interesting Letters oo the Plague 
in London/' 1665. (See Archaeologia, VoL 37., p, L) 

1662, — Joseph Elmar, inducted 29th November. 

1682. — WrLLfAM Williams , on the presentation of the Brom- 
fieldj* : buried 14th September, 1698/ 

I 1699.— Robert Bradshaw, inducted May 23rd, on the presen* 
tation of Thomas Bromfield^ Esq, 

1700. — Edward Wilson, B*A,-^ of whom we have the following 
nitimoranda, left by himself : ^' I was born at Kirby Hteven, 
Westmoreland, May 15th, 1662; adroitted into St, John's College, 
"^ bridge J and took my degree of B,A, \ vrm presented to the 
rage of Framfield, Sussex, by the Right Hon. Thomaa, Earl 
of Thanet, in 1686 ; and was afterwards presented to the Vicarago 
of Rye, by Thom^ts Bromfield, of Lewes, Esq,, lord of the manor 
of Brede, to which the presenta-tion to this vicarage is annexed 
In 1700, w.is institnted, on Ot^tober 8th, by John, Lord Bishop of 
Chicheater, and inducted November 5th; gave my assent and 
consent to Book of Common Prayer^ and read the 39 Articles 
publicly in the said church, November 17th.'* Buried 9th January, 
1738* The present vicarage house was erected about 170L In 
1726, the Hon Spencer Compton became patron of the living, 

1738.^ — Thomas Hudson, A.M., inducted February 1st, on the 
presentation of Spencer, Earl of Wilmington. Buried I9th 
October, 1743. 

1744. — George Carleton, A.M,, on the presentation of James, 
Earl of Northampton, inducted January 7th, Died 27th Novem- 
ber, 1761 (ticcording to his epitaph, but 5th December, according 
to register). Buried 1 1th December, 

1762, —Edward Smallwell, B,D., on the presentation of 
Charles, Earl of Northampton, inducted 25 th February } resigned 
November, 1767. 

Iiitftly* For globe knil tlxerwi u none tli&t w« kaov?, ot kare e^«r lizard of, belongittg 
tici our Tic&nigie, only Onr vid&r hath tbe b^rbftge of our two ohnrcliyDrds : 

Signed. CHttlSTopijEH Hi^cRWodD^ G orate. 

Oh«=hw.rde»,. [^frrk^ftof John Porrtor. 
Wta. Starkej. Signiun ( ) Morci Doaes. J no. Cooper. Siganm ( ) Robeiti Cooper, 
Daniel Spie. 
' For liLiS kuidn^Bfl to the Frenob SEmgrantf, 9€e aaie p. SOI, 

2 M 2 



276 



THE VICABS OF RYl AND TIIEIK PATBONS. 



1768. — Lewis BaooTj D.D, son of 8ir William Bagot, Ba 
fborn 1740, died 1802) presented by Lady Elizabeth Compt 
(iUogliter of Charles, 7ili Earl of Northamptoo), *' A dispeuBa* 
tioo for Lewis Bagot, M,A., Trin- Ck)lL, Cam>, and chaplain to 
Lady Baroness Stawell, to hold the Vicarago of Rye, to which 
he waa lately presented, and the flectory of Jevington,* in 
Sussex, in the same patronage, with £250 per annam." In- 
ducted 10th June, 1768; resigned 1780, on being made Bishop 
of St Asaph. Storer, in his Cathedrals, alluding t^ the great 
eaat window of St Asaph Cathedral, says — In other divisions 
are emblazoned the arms of Bishop Bagot and other noblemen 
and gentry ; the Episcopal Palace was entirely rebuilt by hira 
after his promotion to the See, His principal work was *' Twelve 
Discourses on the Prophecies," preached at the Warhurtouiaa 
lecture in Lincoln's Inn Chajwl, 1780. He was the third Vicar 
of Rye, who has been raised to the Episcopal Bench. He was suc- 
ceeded by 

178L — Ralph Sneyd, LX,B*, his nephew; patroness the Lady 
Elizabeth Compton. He was also Hector of Jevington ; inducted 
25th April, 17SL Died 1795, He was a man of literary habits, 
and possessed some valuable old MSS.j as mentioned and enu- 
merated in Horsfield's History of Sussex* 

1795. — JoHK Myers, M.iV., inducted July 26th, on the presen- 
tation of Lady Elizabeth Cavendish (Lady Elizabeth Compton 
married, 27th February, 1 783, Lord George Henry Cavendish, who 
was subsequently the first Earl of Burlington)* Mr, Myers 
was buried at lijey 28th October, 1834, 

1834. — Hehry Cooper, B,D,, on the presentation of EUzabetfa, 
Countess Dowager of Burlington, inducted 18th November, 1S34, 
The Duke of Devonshire is the present patron of the living.^ 



* The ComptoiLB wore also patroiis of Jenngiou, a nlkg« to tlie north* 
Eaatbourtie, 

** For a pedigree of ihs Coopers of Ic!kles1ia.Qi, see Berry*t County Geiiealo^e% 
fiuasoX] p. 99« 



I 



INSCRIPTIONS IN RYE CHURCH, 1861. 



» 



* 



jr«mf Irmriptiamt, Jb*e End qf tkf 

•* To the memory of Jamks Lamb^ Esq., 
a cDjui of uncommon virtue^ who, with 
the integrity of a inereh&iit, and the 
<XMirt£sy of a g^nttemaa, united the 
imdittdembled ptety of a true ChdHtiau. 
Hlfl dial Ing dish e^l abilittea r^leet! bim 
no less than L^ tim^ to thcTDnyoralty 
Gi this corporation, which office he 
always executed with a dignity that 
showed httu iKjrn for precedence. He 
had twim the honour of entertaining 
a royal g'ueat at hi^ hou^e. Once in 
the person of His Majesty Eini? George 
the First, and nft^rwnrds in that of his 
jTan(!son. the Dnke of Cuml:>erlflud 
He hnd alao the honour (as one of the 
Barons of this town) to support tlie 
eunoj^j over her lat^ Majesty Queen 
Carol tii«, at her coronation- Beloved 
in hia priTate coonexiong, in his public 
OHM admired and honoured, he died 
on tha 3j»t day of Ko rem her, 1756, at 
the age of 63 years : his remaius were 
dflp^ited in the new buryrng-gi-Dynd 
belonf^ng to the pariish of St, Andrew, 
Hoi bom, in tl»e aaiue gmve with those 
of Dorothy Lamb (wife to his eldest 
ton, Thomaa), who died a few hours 
a^r him, aged Bd yeari. She filled 
with «iqual lustre, her station of life, 
having lieighti^n^ every amiable 
quality of her §ex, with a manly sense 
and elegance of taste."' 

** Sacred to the memory of TnoHAS 
LAMBt Si^QCiRE (the eldest son of 
Jamei and Martha, Lamb), who died 
on the ^th day of March, lSt)4, at the 
advanced age of 84 years and 9 months, 
and whose remains are deposited in a 
vault on the eontb aide of this ehnrob. 
The leisure afforded by an independent 
fortune* he employed in the zealous 
disobarge of the dntiesof a magistrate, 
airtiag for the counties of Kent and 
ScLiMX, and also for the town of Bye. 
In his disposition he was benevolent 
and humane, in his manners cheerful 
and social, in the discharge of every 
relative duty, foithfnl, and in bis nslL- 
gtoufl teoata, ^nnly attached to the 



Established Church. By his marriage 
with Dorothy, siith daught^ir of the 
Rev* Oeoi^ Eyleg, M.A., vicar of 
Turk Dean, in Gloucestershire, be left 
ontj son, Thonuis Phillips Lamb, by 
whom this monument (the tribute of 
duty and esteem) is er«oted," 

Oft Cblumns &a the Righi of tha Nam^ 

"Sacred to the memory of CiirswEM* 
Slade, who dicfJ Janry. 2.l£h, 1787, 
aged TO years. He mflrried Jane, the 
dnughter of Daniel Davia, late of this 
Town, by whom he had eight children; 
five survived him, three sons and two 
daughters. Ali^o Jank ^Slaue, relict 
of the above, who died Septr. 18th, 
17^2, aged 72 years/* 

*' Sacred to the memory of Bajtiei. 
Blade, who died tm the yth May, 
1826, aged 72 years. And Jaite, hit 
wife, who died on the 8th of Haroh, 
1846, aged 84 years." 

" To the memory of Mr. William Dak- 
BAT3 (Jurat of this corporation) ; ht 
died 28th AugUiit, 1787, aged 72 
years/* 

*' Saored to the memory of Mary Had- 
t}OCic, second wife of the late CaptaJji 
John Haddock, and danghter of Chia^ 

well and Jane Slade, late of this Town, 
died the 30th of October, 1823, aged 
72 years. * The memory of the jtiat is 
blcsied.* '* 

^^ Sacred to the memory of Capt. Jottir 
HaddOctk, who died the 2!lth of July. 
1812, ag<?d 75 years ^ and of Anx, his 
first wife, who died the 27th June, 
1790, aged 57 years. Also of their 
ions, Henhy, who died tlie 19th 
August, 1783, aged 18; JottK, who 
died the iTith of Noveml^r, 1707, ag^ 
29 ; and Jobepe, who died the 28th of 
November, 1810, aged 40 years. (The 
above-named Gkpt, Haddock married 
secondly, Mary, eldest daughter of 
CbUwcll Sladc, Esq.) This Tablet is 
erected by Elizabeth, Ann, and Mnr- 
gftreti turyiving daughters of John and 



278 



IKSCBIPTIOXB iS BYE CilCBCH. 



Aim HflddocLt At m tx^bnim 



**T& tii« meiaofj of AJHf HabdOcc, 
iecoad dKOgfa tar of the Iftte DiptB. Jolm 
Huldoek, who died December ^th^ 

'^In mem&rf of He^st Lawrestci, 
Emq., of the KJngxioizi of Ii^tand, 
Uotajitit in Hi« Mftjeelj's 52 BogL, 
wlM»defMui«d tiiiji life the 4lli August, 
1781, flied 90 ftmm," 

** SKi«d to the tnemoff of Mn, UJOt- 
QABET COLLETT. wife <>f the Bcv. 
P«t«r Collett, who dted the 6Ui day of 
M fty, 1 77n, Ag^l B6 je«i^ Alio of the 
ftbare-nnTned R£V^ PETEB OOLLETT, 
Hector of Deototi, ro this Cotmly, and 
Curmte of thU Pamh, thirty years, who 
died the 14th of Set»4ember. 17^), aged 
hTi yean ; Bod of lhf«e children who 
died in their infaiK^. Alao of Eliza.- 
BRTH, relict of the above Qftmedf who 
died the llth of Febmaty, IWl, agied 
B5 years." 

On €biumm on the Left of ike Nk^, 

'*iftOfed to the memory of Hajor Rich- 
ard Hat, lata of the Beng&t Military 
Establbhmetit, bont the 0th of Feb- 
roary, 17«4, died the ItJth March. 1h25. 
Alw of Mary Hat Chis widow), bom 
the llth June, 1772, died the 25th 
Heptr. 1B27/' 

"To the memory of Mr. William 
Fr08)8ER (Jurat of thin Corporation), 
who died 6th Nott., 1795, aged S7 
jeara. Also of Hasotah, his wife, 
who died 26th Mupch, 1731, aged 73 
yean. And of their three sona, Wil- 
LUuH, a Lieutenant in the East India 
Company 'ft Ser^ loe^ who fell in battle 
on the Malab«Lr coa»t, IBth May, 1775, 
aged 2(3 yeara ; also James^, died 3rd 
Beer, 1792, aged 3^ yeara ; likewiae 
Jdhk, died 2nd July, 1796^ ag^ 42 

'* Saoped to tb« memory of Elizabeth 
Kcndttg, eldeflt daughter of the late 
Oaptain J, Ha^ldock, who died August 
4Ui, 1827, aged m years. * Blessed \a 
he whofloevor shall not be offended in 
me.' Matt 0. 3ti. V, 6/' 



« To tlM memory of Mft. Jl 

■od ifat Hmm Mmyor. He 
MliFlel^lTdCl^i^ed 5i yean ami 



■<0CXiKLiifT9 Batis, pio ml idee* 1 
manitate omcii cxiiilmBlkMie dignoi; 
tuonnn merito iomniA cmm ei ^etide- 
Eiom, Sept 2d*, USS, JBlmt. €1 de- 



""■ Saorad to the iorimnt of Kathebiiz. 
the ynft of Hr. WKSDKif Dawcs (for* 
merly of this town, Attomcf % »!» 
died at Clapham, in Surtey, oo the 
2ard day of Jaomry* Ii^i7, a«ed 61! 
yean. Also of tlie abore-aamed 
WEEDEN DAWBi, wlio died at Clap^ 
ham, ««i the l^th day of HorembeCf 
1§*0, aged n jmx%r 

Mrih Ihimept^Biffki &f ihm MrtJttTM 

*' Sacred to the memoiy of Aki*. the wifo 
of Nathamikl PsocrmB, E^ wbe 
died 2Tid Febfuary , 1 831 , aged 7 i yeais, 
lOioontbo, and Mdsys^ aod whose re- 
nminfi aie depoeited io a Twiilt in th« 
north ehanod of thk church. She wai 
belored aod reapected by all who knew 
her, and deeply lam^rnted by h<*r family, 
to whom she has leFt a bright e^^mptQ 
of Chrifitian piety^ fortitude, rssignar 
tiao, and charity. She was the 2nd 
daughter of James Lamb, Esqre^, by 
Ms fiivt wife, Anne^ the ibugbter oi 
David and Anne Morrui. Alto to Iht 
memorj' of LiKUT. jAVEis Pji 
RN., their ^nd Kon, a^ied ±^ years, i 
waj loet ofiT tbe Teacel, 1 8th Jufte, i 
when in command of H.M. echoonef^^ 
Se^ark. Also of the abore-i 
Nathaniel PitocrER, Esq,, who died 
the 5th of Augast, 1836, in the ^KHh 
year of his age;, honoured, belor^ and 
n^pected by all who knew him^ 
man in whom was do guile,' '' 

*' Near this place aze deposited the 
mains of Jafc, widow of the late' 
William Smite, Esqre*, of Roek- 
bourne, in the County of Hants ; she 
died the 35th day of M^^, 1843, aged 
m yea»." 

*' In a Tanll near this plaoe lie the le- 

mftin$ of AXKE, the beloved wife " 
Ebwln Natua^iel Dawes; ahec 



IXSCRIFnOSS IS BYE CHIBCD. 



279 



»gllllllll 1 
Msxm 
titeo&l 



I 



wi the Ift of May, 1»52, aged 43, 

IcAv^i^g mue sorrowing chiJdteii, Her 
imniorud loul ia gone to th»t bright 
knd 6f erierlastujg light and never 
ending kire where the weuy rest m 
ChrUt,*' 

In Ccemeteiio hiqosoe «diB juicta an- 
guluin loeridiem ei ooeidentem Tcri$ii«^ 
mint osm. Luuovjci et Ashsm 
IteKTOSr vlii el uxom, qui jam annoa 
§4 nati et plus {»0, hosto et feliei iiia> 
ttimotao vitam degentes £ati« miecu* 
lo^rit, trihua anniit iiklefc«deiitiba«, 
{ineiinte uxore obi it maritas. mexiBe 
rebni«rto, 18^4, hliti^ tiala minuQus 
Carol OS Ladoirfcua Heryon, in acade- 
BiiA Oxooieoftl ILD.. et OoU. Beg. Med: 
LpnrL Sociup. Necnon soror ejus 
fian, Gtiliermt Hotloway ujLOr, Qui ve- 
tuifclo>ra huJuA naunicipii monumenta 
^iligieater exqtiLiiivit, muti pietate ergn 
p»reotes amantisaimcis, banc i&neam 
tabmlain incidendam curayerunl ; Gluts' 
q^atB beta iui» et mvn. parentibus optas 
^anreoor scrlpto mamiore verba leg«. 
Condidit hie aoboles binoa telTure bu- 
p«ntefl, nuUi forte jacent cftDdidiore 
senea, bis ^x lustra tori nox initio et 
iilttnia cUuBttf oravil coojiitx bic mo- 
oente mori/' 

giate TiatOT ! Qu^^iio Septembria, Jo- 

MAJSrSEB ThR£ELe MeDIO L/KT,«» 
j^tatls fLore obllt,^ in alum vlrtute; 
Otii&ibufi reHcto ^ui de&iderio, pi^fter- 
tim patri. Thoma; Throele de Leviflljatn, 
in Com, Sussex, ArJPJg. et uxori viduec, 
Aiinse, fill IE Hearici Waldegrar^! de 
Stanningham^ in corn. Sussex , Eqtiit 
AniiaL Vivit adhuo post fata aDima et 
protnisaa Boiutis ftusjpirat pojnie. Cie- 
tera tetr* tegit- Ointiia ergo quK' 
cauqoe yuUi* ut faoiout bonilnefi 
vobiB et vos facite. Matt, cap, vil, v, 

UTi^k Tmnstpt — Ze^ of ike N&rthtrn 

" To ibe memory of WrLLUM Miller, 
who died Marcli 6th, 18:^7, ug^Kl 72 
l^eaii. His reiBuins are deposited in a 
vauU underneath* Also ANN MrLL»i;WT 
relict of tbe above, who died April 
IStb, 1841, aged 74 years, and waa 
botied at St, Petrox, Dartnjouth.^^ 

9fTo tbe memory of Thomas Holford, 



QmU of the Friara, Wiodbebe«, whom 
remaini are deposited in a vault nesr 
thia plaoe. He died Kovr. J 5th, 1 780, 
aged 85 yearn AJao of CATiiEttiiCK 
FRAJffCKs and Willjam Hqwa&d, 
children of the said Tbomaa Holford, 
who died in their Inlancy ; and of 
Thomas Holpoed, Limit. In tbe 21 it 
Begt. of foot, who died abroad, Septr* 
Sfii, 1795, aged 20 yearn." 



* In memor)^ of TnoMA^ Peocteb, Gent, 

eldest son of Nathaniel Procter, Eaqre,, 
who died 22nd Septf., 1840, aged 60, 
beloved and regretted by all. Of 
ChaklOtte, hiB wife, only d&qgbterof 
Benjamin Cooper, Gent^ who died 
22nd Octr. 1828, aged 40. Also of 
Cmarlotte and Saraii Axn. their 
daujrhtei^, who died to iafancy. Also 
of JAMK^ their only aon^ who di€?d 
2nd March, 1840, aged 29. In token 
of her ftffectioD, their surviving 
dnu^hter, EU*a, wife of Thomaa 
Jenner, Gent^ bai^ erected this memo- 
rlaL" 

* Near this place lies the body of HA2«r- 
KAH PiNKERTOK, daughter of tbo late 
Jamefi Pmkerton, Esqr.* of North Cave, 
in Yorksbire; Died Oct^. the latb^ 
17^6, ag«d 22 yeara," 

*ln memojy of WnjJAM Watsok 
(many years Collector of the Customi 
of this Fori)* who died on the 4th May, 
1^41, aged liO years. Also of Mary 
Ja>'^Es hia only childi who died on tbe 
IGtb ^eptr., 1^22, aged 15 years. Aitd 
of MAROAitET, hk widow, who died 
OD tbe IBtb Deer., 1855, aged 85 years. 
And John HADtMxnt IaArukew, Solr., 
who died on tbe 13th July, 1652, aged 
58 yeara." 

' Sacred to tbe memory of Mr. HehrT 
Brazikr, Wool Stapler, who died the 
lOlb February, 1845, aged 43 years. 
AIbo of Mary Muxn llRAZiim, hit 
wife, who died the 4th January, lt^46, 
agf*d 37 yenrs, Ako to the memory of 
Hhkrv, their infant ^n, ivho died the 
22nd February, 1838, aged 2 weeks. 
They left surviving one son, Fre- 
derick.*' 



' 1^0 year in mentiouod in thia injeripiion, hut the capilala are tmpposQd tu supplv 
the date, MPLLLlliL, 1664 



280 



INSCRIPTIONS IN RYE CHURCH, 



On tk0 Stmik CblMVii 4mdiftg m Mre 

^Tkh Tubkt ift eri'cted to the memcFry 
of THoat-Ls OwExa, Esq.. who died 
the 12th ddj of Hn}% 1769, Mged U2 
vom. Likewise to the tnemarj of 
MBS. ELI2A.BETH Weller^ who died 
the 7th dftj of December, 17il, aged 
73 yearm. But more particularly to 
ihe lueiuory o( Uu^. CATii£RTNE 
Owsxs, who departed tliis Hfe, JmL 
a 1st, 1797, In the 90th jeftr of beir ft^. 
Favor'd by HeaTen are those tbkt 
yield their breath, Fre^ from those ^ngE 
which oft eiiibUt*?r death ; More fa- 
Yor'd they who quit thia htimljle 
ephere. Like her \fho6e viHuwi elaim 
reixiembrance here; SJie ft^ed her 
tltooghtg on the Almigbtj oame, Aod 
in her 8hiTiil>er the tmnsition came* 
It came and bore her through th 'ethe- 
real way, To the blest regions of eter- 
nal day ; Where now, we duubt notj 
with the oniniscieot Lord (Whilfit rap- 
tured seraphs her fair dcede record), 
Of life well spent she reaps the just 
reward.'* 

On ihg South Cblumn, ^epa rati ft ff the 
High Chancel from the TfaMiept, 

*' Sacred to the tneroory of Elizabeth, 
wife of JoHS WoouLETTt of this town, 
Attorney -at* law, who died June *iHth, 
1810, aged 42 y^rB. From the ten- 
derest r^^rd to a vlrtuoua woman ^ a 
most affectjonatfi wife^ a faithful 
Christian, and a sincere friend, her 
alflicted husband caused this tablet to 
be erected/' 

Ort thfi North (htntnn. 

" Thy gentle arm, Betievolence, suitains 
Our faiutiug hope ; thy balm our life 
r^iins. Sacred to the memory of 
Jqii:n Woollett, Esq., late of thrs 
town, who departed this life on the 
2Zrd March, I8iy, in the 60th year of 
hig age ; his lameoted rein am s nre de- 
posited in this church," 

SiiUth Tranm'pt^ near the Ibnt. 

"Sacred to the memory of CHAiaKS 



FiU*ajm, EsQR., who departed thii 
life April 21st^ 1B44. aged TO years. Ht 
was a resident of Rye and ita vjeinity 
for 02 years, he left aur^-iring' EIies^ 
ht!th, his widow, one sont and lout 
daughters, viz.^ Eiira, Mary An% 
Charles Slmmouds, Anna Maria^ and 
Caroline Eii^abeth. This tablet wi» 
erected by Elizabeth, Iiis widow, m a 
pious token of love and re^i^eet fof • 
kind husband and an alTecfiooate 
father. Also to the memory of Alfred 
STM3ioht>& PiLiHEii, eon of the «aid 
Chftflcfi and Elizabeth Pilcher, who 
defiarted this life July 25th, 1 B3^, aged 
25 years, sincerely regretted by his 
parenta and i^ienda \ he waa a dutifaj 
son and a kind brother. Also to the 
memory of Elizabeth, widow of th« 
above niitn til C buries Pilcher, who de- 
parted this life ontbe2i^thdayofMiiy^ 
\m% aged m years, and wa* interred 
at ^^'adburst, in this t^unty/* 

&LADH IN THE ChURCH, withifi the Cm- 
munioH Eaih of the High ChaneeL 

** Here lies the body of Henrt Fkblu 
BtfTLEK, Gent, of thffi town, who died 
Deer. 2()th, 1!^1*9, aged m years. Alio 
of Hhoda Ja>'e, wife of EtrJJARD 
Weedex Bctleb, daus^hfcer of John 
and Ehoda t?lade, who died 7tli July, 
1*447, aged 70 years." 

** Here lyes y« body of SrsAKKA, hite wife 
of Mk. JaMks Buns-, Collector of the- 
Customs in this Port, She was second 
daughter of John Brown, Est-jre.. of 
Spelmenden, in the oounty of Kent, 
and departed this life Augofit the 9th, 
171 7, aged 42 years. AJ£o Ann, his 
86eond wife, daughter of Winiam 
Bishop, Esqr^, of SedJencsorob, who 
died June y* U*th, 5721, by whom be 
had one son, who died young and lyeth 
here. And also here Ilea the body of 
y« sd Jameb Bej^k, who died 25(h 
April, 1724, aged 45 y^re," 

**Heare lyeth the bodie of Thohas 
Hamon," who de|i«rledon the 20th day 
of July, on*' Domini l*j<)7, hie wvfsi, 
Martha^ procured (part illegible). Loe 
Tbojuha Ilaiiion her*? iu4cr*d d*»th lye, 
Thriee Burgesse for the Parliamiui 



I 



I 



> Thomas HamonV burial is that recorded in the Registei^" 1607, July the 290i 
day, Mr* Thomas lUmon Maior." In the llarlrnQn MSS„ Brit. Mus., eod, RoS, p^M 
Iti?^ art, 47, is a ourioUH MS, ou one large sheet of pa^ er : **The coufesaion n/t eerteyna V 
psoijs ©incemiuge the spmtta appearinge at Rie.*' being a kugthy account of certain ^ 

- >i whieh m^*i their appearance at Banion*fl do 



whCeiptio^s in rte chtjbch. 



^^, Sii times by freemen *s ehoyce 

t MaiororEye, AndCaptaxne bng^e 

tone of the b&nd selected. Whoie pni- 
deat coura^ jusdoet gmTitle, De- 

wrrei a monument of memory e." 

Hew Ijeth th« body of A^rxE, late wife 
of David Morris, of I^Tiaham, GcQt 
dioglkter of Edward WUeod, Vicar of 
fbis Chtn^hf obi it July y* lat, anno 
iHatifld1,EalatifiIT33. Also the bodyes 
of her two firet cbilcireo, Baviii and 
A^XE, who died mfautfi. Here a1«o 
ire inleir'd the retnaina of the afore- 
mid Mr. David Mohrlh, who departed 
tliJi life Octr. lltb, 1753, aged 53, He 
left issue two daughters. Alines the 
wife of James Lauib, youngs, Jurat, 
azid Suflannab, uiuDanied'* 

Jf, R 

**MtYEBmsni Ebyjlboi Wilson, cle- 
Bch bt^iis eodcfiisB annoa triginta et 
octo Tleorii; Ortu Westmodensis ; 
Iottitatl0ne Cantabngienms ; Nati 
JCTh. Mail f MDCUUt. ; Dcnati v. laziuarii, 
KDCcxxxvtu. OCieubuJt plenuB anno- 
Tma; Mel spei et chantati^ Tisiii 
Qvali% Q^»era loquentur in illo diet." 



I 






Jn tha Mtgh Chancel 



, TH Gla;?ieb, diad Auguat 

24th, 1829, Aged 77 years." 

" la commemoration of exemplary meek- 
DM, piety, and benerolenoe, of those 
»mjable manneis which a<!quircd 
general eflteem, and in gratitude for a 
loftig continusince of a most siaceTe and 
Mthful friendship, this mcmonal m 
dedJi^iad to ILuiY Ho<3i^ who died 
immamed, seth Deer,, 17^8, aged 59 
yeafs." 

** HfTO lyeth the botly of Mn. Edward 
WlLM^in-KST, lute of Onrb&ry, who 
died April } 1^2! ^e> 171 S, aged 51 years, 
whomarryed Elizabeth j oril}- daughter 
of Thomas Htiwks, of Playdt^n, and 
liad by her VI children^ vk. G sona 
«nd % dftugbters." 

** Here is buried Axnk, wife of Mr* 
ElCBAKD Fraxcis, of Lamberburst. 
£faadfed June j« 20th, 1704, aged 84 
yem. Left only one daughter, Mercy, 
wi(!0 to Klcholm Maniiooeh, of thia 
fcnm, Jurat. Here U also buried 
UiCHOLAs^, &on of v^ said Nicholas aud 
Kercy, wbo die<i in hii in&ncy* Aluo 

xin. 



the body of the said Nicholas Maf- 
^ti>oCH, wbo died Deer, ti, 1724, aged 
ea Alao the body of Merct, widow 
of the said Mr, Monoooeb, who dyed 
March 8, 17Mp nged §1 yra/' 

**In boni spe reiurrectionis ad vitam 
EGternam, jujstn hoc mamiorej reqinea- 
cunt GUUELMU3 Barham, de muni- 
cipio boop phmnAidopola (Vir singulari 
modeatii, probitatef ao fide, omntu*>| 
qnl do hid vita deeeaait JuHi 19*^, An. 

16^, tetatta 43* Et EUZABETHA, 

GULEILMI STRETToy, de f enterden, in 
agrls Cant, gen. fllia, prsedtoto GuU 
BftThun, die Sept, 29^, Ann. 1«78, 
nupta, ctii peperit natos duoa et trea 
naiaa, yIz., Gulielmum, Mariam, Su- 
saunom, Eliaabetbam, ot Jaoobum* 
Qu^ cnm vidnitatem suam sogro sua- 
tinuisset^ nee minus mcerore animi 
quam dolore corporia confecta, tur- 
turis ad in star Jidelia, amieif ei Hberia 
Felictifl, ad ooi^ngem ac vitam fellcio- 
remjnbensfefltLnavitFeb.26, Ann, 169}^ 
se talis sn^e 43, Necnon KLiZAnETiiA^ 
pnedieti Oulielmi et Eli^abcthie Alia, 
natu minima} quGQ fi^lix in njorte iua, 
Buaviterobdormirit, Decembria 23"^^ an. 
1B92, Bctatls auBQ ft, Ao etiain GuuEL- 
inra, pra^qtl Gulielmi et EllzabethajT 
fill us natus maidmus, de Nora Horn* 
ney in Com. Caotii, Gen. Qui dum 
per portum biyus oppidl ad ulteriorem 
partem J noctu equitare conaretni-, 
Ti3ni|>e9tatO sub J to exortS, llmo et 
undijj obrotus, Infeliciter periit, dio 
Apr, 20, an, 1717, itlati^ 3C. Vlr fuit 
eximia pietate, induBtriA, Integritate^ 
et constantia \ parentum obaervantis- 
giniua ; fratria et aoronim amantis- 
simua^ in ainicoa candidua et synoe* 
rua ; in otnnes lienlgnus. Quorum 
memorise aacruin eitiguum boo amorii 
et gratitudinis noatn», monumentnm 
poeiiimus. S.B., ob. No. 26, a^t, 35, 
ano Sab 1713, M.B. B.B. J.B> 
PoauimuB* Bed virtus post funera 
vivet Monumentam lero pert*nniuft, 
Begnltque situ pyramid tini altiua; 
Quod nee imber edax, aut Aquilo im- 
pgtenti Foseit diruero^ aut innumombilia 
Annomm aeries, etfuga temponimJ* 

*' Sla. Robert Hounsell departed this 
lifw Sep. y* 3ath, 1727, and waa buried 
at Topsbam. Here Jycth the body of 
Anf , the daughter of Ilobert and Mar- 
gret HonnseU, who' died March y» 
29th, 170O, aged 12 year* and 9 
month*. Also JoiiJ^% WatiAH, and 
Merct, wbo all died young/* 
2 N 



.-»vi .» 



2ISiT2im«.5c 3 272 'T3Z3CK. 



'.z. \ '\r..i ••!i;:aiL. Lls trr.e ir** z- 



■:l~. i.-»j 






ir-^. xn.i 



M •!.-: Mat SIss, 
'- --sirs. A-i*: '*^ -JC^AJ, 

;iL- io- «-=». -v^. L«*ii >rf-«r. 
k^r-i - "'tar- &z.i 7 



►■r.:. a:tr 



.: -.::. H^. I!:;:. 



.1.-. 2.:;. .'■Lri-r :--; ■;:: '•■! p.. 

'.-. Ik.-'-: -' ":i:- d ::zi. l-:z.--7. vio 

V. ■r-ii-; :.j. ar.L-r :i ::.: .... • ■" 

■:*.:.■ r; : -ri. :--::"■:..'■:'— " :-. 

•■::'. a;.- i ■" imr -i .i.- -i. vt -ii*? 
y -; ■>•■«' r ■.:•? i.- •■-■■iiuiit-; .-.a'-'iiir: 

ur^-: '- ' Tii-^. .•J1-. 1..- r ''r-,.:..j. 
j.~:..::i. -.:■? li.-i* vii: i mu :..■■-:- 
.^:i:r.i-: >..'::.:ir: "■■;r:.:r. m-.- i-' h-t. 



-"i ■- -■■ ■■■ ". . •"- ■ . V- 1 :■ ; ■ V i.'-r. -v" > : r 
■.-.■■J: ." .«. --T:r. I.: i i --rvLr;^ :: 

-v- ... :,:t;-:i...-i -^!i .••r.i ia; :[ X.-t. 
A-'-, 1 .'• '•b: -v-ii i.r-: 7fe 7 sir*. 

l-Tr-.. "'. *"* ^ V=.. M...V Mi^zi 
^■.:": ■•.: -Ji-: -a:: ^.i^.-:! HlLer. 
•» :-- . : ; :• i iLir. :i :: : . 1 -h 3 . ij-ai 

7.; : -tm.-t a!**:- 

f.r, '::.-. r.S:.'. \.\T.i ■:: t::r a^;risaii 
-:.:-:. ri::: yisT-; >r::.r ar^ .:::..^;:cii 

V :. •.::■:.: .-•-' ■•■ . t:h. : 7 •*. v -■' * 7-^*"^- 

i-:.- -^-v jrar. : :.i.jr.*rrr t.^ ::.-= a::7e- 
fji'.L .-ar..:. ar-i >Li.-:/ Miil-ir. AIj.^ 
<,;.MP..v/TTK ANN Mr :.:..-:», crani- 
'wi .-:.->:r a.- a'^r-^ai-L *i\rt\ '>:tr. lilst. 
1 7 r.. a/..- \ ^ T'.., rith .= . A 1 .-«.. H .v br: ett 
M.T.r.KJ:. ;mirii'iaij/htor ai alor-aai'L 
i\>A Mar'jJi LTi'I. l-.a, aj*.-*! 2 veare. 
a:.-', J.^iin lir.XKIir/R-T' MlLLEB.(0) 
Kr:irjdaon to the afon.-nairi rfamL an<I 
Afary MiM'rr, whr, r|i<:<l March l^Jth. 
J ''0 / , a;,".-* 1 4 iii on ths . " 

*' 8acred to the memory of Edwaed 



■ 1£ -r* iTrrii nrirrr^-: '.lie '•'•ij :f Ji-HS 
J ; ■ x:a~i.*-T ■ -Mi". 1 i --iji - . "V"!. Mtfwer), 
t: ■ ::-..:ir'.-: ■'.::^ ...'* '-:■= ->i-iF*tiT., 

'".. :i _M»-- •:* 7:ar :r i:a a^ 
-a • • ai: I', -lui. »:r::- \l* lircc- cate 
■v:-. la-: --ir-« :ii^«i:-tj:, vii. K.'ia- 
--j. T- iia. Li«: Ail . .3. 1^1^ a? tike 

r.r--r'.'rr: - :.? i;i i^-ircr .^ILu^^ch. 
-..- Z...::.-..'ET.i, ::•.* -»j-* of the 
I. ■ '- :--:;";:-.■ r.*-.-: '. '*:~ Z.-'.-ivJi irst: *he 
:— : J., r-: :. :*•::. ij-.-i 7j j-ars. 

•.■VV.--^ - !1 'i-.\'.1. Al.-;*: ■±.'i 3ui'i J->inS 

2:- i_i-:xffT. :.•:•: ; 5Lir:c. IS/^, in 
--ic " 7iir :r .i-j i^ ' 

■ TTiLTrL --■: - •-'» zi^iTZ-rry :-c Zr'"*T3f. the 
-..Q .L Iz v:3r >'.i.r7_i>-:zL a;i'i Anxe 
1 .i"Vis. -vh.. ■ iie*: iQ sh-e ilai July, 
■ .4. . -uju,! v; ^oii±3. Aldi7 of the 

!>■ v'-:-;iT;i*«i Avy i r-A^Tii*. wh » dlM 

.1 -li** It: :£ iLi". IrJJ. a^ 43 

' I-ii~ '--t'^ -^•* ':»:i*> :f i£z3i:T. wife of 
; zy .: LLi>?:. ■.■'Thii p<irlih. G^nt, 
::i::z".Tcr .:' Mr. 12.; ma* Kelly, of 
Hir:-:: i. '.z iT-ii xr:!irr. wLo-icpaned 
•1:^ '.::'■= JLirrJ: yc 7:2:. i'O. a^i 2 
7 -sir*. r--r -aii yi-zr:r had by the 
•a i 7.L- :■*■- Li::j:h:rr«. viz., Chris- 
*: an m i A--t. -i^^L .■ co:L '.y^s inierreJl'y 

F;?? lytrh the b>iy ot Mb. Hexby 
' AaiiiT'.y . .a-? o: ye J-^rai^ of this 
• . T7..'7a::;a . who dioi Ootr. y* L»i*nil. 
1 77 1. a«-rii 7'* years. Also the boiiy 
•: : Masy. hi* wife, who died Xovr, y* 
.'.r-i. 17-7. :i*^.^i o»*. yeiirs, AI?<> the 
•-:-!y of the Revi'. t;EOKi;E Carleto!?, 
A.>L. 50 c 01 J-* above-nameil Ilenry 
and Mary t'arleton. who was Vicar of 
til!? pari?h. and one of the Jurats of 
this «;• irpDration : he did! Novr. ye 27th, 
1 7»>1 , a^cd 4:5 years. Also ihe'liody of 
Mary, dau^rhtcr of the said Hen r}- and 
Mary Carleton, who died in 172U an 
infant. Also the l^ody of Tilo.VAS, 
Fon of the said Henr}- and Mary Car- 
leton. who died in 172C, an infant. 
Also the body of Coh'STANCE, wu'e of 



rracBunoirs or rte chukch. 



289 



I 



* 



Urn said Qtmj^ CMetos, who dkd 
May ye l^tb, 17M. igied 22 psKK. 
Alao thebfvlj of HMsmr^ mm Qi ihe 
mid G^T^ sad Obniluioe, who died 
an ifLfaDL'* 

' ^ a ¥au1t beoeath Oik stone Heth tha 
reiii»iiiji of Fkaxk Smitii, who de^ 
paHed thiB life, Febfy. Itltb, 1807, 
aged 6« years. Al»a Ak^ Sioth, 
widow of the atxire, wbo died Srd Oet, 
1328, aged iHj«Lm," 

* Sacred to the memory of HiomT, lb« 
in&nt SOB of TIksrt mnd Mary Bba^ 
£[KR, who died the 22nd Febmwry, 
im$, aged 2 weelu. Also of the 
aboTe-Qamed HXHBT BUAZMKH, who 
died the lOth Fc^jniaTy, 1M5, aged 13 
yesarsL AI*o of Ma&t Mrjrjf BitAJsrcB^ 
wife of the abovo-natned Henry Bm- 
aier, who died the ith January, 1B4«, 
a^ 37 years. They left Bnrriying 
one Bom, Fudcrlolt." 

B^ind the yarth Donr ia ihe N&Hh 

Under thi« itone licth the body of 
WfE^mWf^ sot} of Stephen and Maby 
Tbbss, of liei«Uhiim« in thii^ parisli* 
who departed ihiji lif<i 27th MttPt'h^ 
117 8 1 in the first year of hiflage>" — Of* 

m^tf.—'*Un, H. SiiAW, 1 801 J* 
** Jahk SMirn, died March L'^fd, 1843, 
a^ so yeoja,'* 



♦♦Sacred to the memory of Cabollve 
DLTmitAJ«T, who died Jnly lOth, IMT, 
aged 16 ycafa.** 

»* Here lieis the body of Ja^sS Hopk. of 

thm tciwa, Jtiratn, who died the 1 9th 
day of Mareltt, Anno Domini 1740, 
age*! 4."i year*. Also here Ueth the 
bofly of JAiLe.s, Bon of Walter Eumb- 
SJQSK * * ♦ , by Eli^filjetht his wife, 
daughter of tiie abovesaid James 
If ope: he died 17 Septemlier^ J 74 7, 
iigetJ 3 years 9 months. Also here 
Ueth the Ixidy of Judith Hope, widow 
of t(ienl>0Te fnid James Hope i she died 
2^ May, 17:^7, aged 59 years/' 

"Bireli^thehodyofMiLWiLLTAM Hope, 
of Ajhfor^U in Keot^ who dyed April 
jeSTd, 1732, ttjE^ed 75 yenrs. Alaohere 
llcf the bmly of Elizabeth, the wife 
of William Hope, who dyed April the 



Mk, 1783, aged 7S yeaia. Also het« 
Hadi tiie body of Jcbith, daughter of 
Che iboir^nani^lJiiinea and Judith 
Bopti wlio died Jannaiy the 2i\ 1737, 
aped S years, 1 tnoniht and gtx dnya^ 
Qwiefe not« dear parentfi. Nor in tears 
Iftxnexit; I am gone to Heaven; To 
yon I WM hot lent Aleohcmlkatha 
body of Tboxaa, eon of Jainoe tud 
JodUh Hope^ who died the ISth of 
Sefrtember. 1740, aged 13 motith*/*— 
"a B., 1793. C. H.. lg<»2; — ** L H., 
1797."—'* Here lies the body of Mb. 
Waltes KUismoKB, Sui^n and 
Fneman of this udent corporation. 
He dkd the Slit day of Janiy., 1769, 
aged 44 yeart. Here also is boHed tho 
body of EuiABiETH, hia wife, who died 
Deer, ye lOih, 1782, agied m yeare." 

" Hefe lie the remainB of BOBBOT LswiBy 
ofthiatowTU DtdaaaoQ Baradt-Haa* 
ter, who died Fehiy, 39th, 1816, igsd 
60 Y&in, Alio of iOFHlA MAKT 
K^OTT, who died Jone 25, tSSt, ifed 
1 year and 2 monthi. Also of Sti>NKT 
Kkott, who died Novn 1 3th, 182&, , 
ttgeii 4 yeara nnd 2 months. Also of 
AryELAiDF. Knott, who died Auffott 
24 th, laaOj aged 3 weeka; the grand-* 
children of RoWrt Ijewift^ and tho 
children of the Herd. Eobert Bowo 
and Sophia Mary Knotty of the Sftma 
place." 

Centra of the TVam&pt, 

*' H«r© lyeth the body of Ralph NOBTOHf 
Esi^.^who doparted this Ufo on the7tll 
dftyof July, 1750, aged 8* years. Also 
of A^K, his wife, who died the Utliday 
of July, 174B, in the B2 year of her 
ftgc\ Tho roqviest of tho dcecoaod when 
livini? to be laid near each other in tho 
gmve, having by the wanhm cxercisa 
of powor l>e«i denied^ Catherine and 
Elizabeth Norton^ the only daughtera 
and co-hoi roi^aefl of the deoeaaedf oom- 
peUed an obedience to their parents' 
oommnndT anrl removed tho botly of 
their Mother from the chancel, whera 
first deposited, to this place, by virtue 
of a faculty obtained for that purpose 
from the Bishop of this Dioceee/' 

" Sacred to the meraorj^ of Mbs. Cathb* 
BOtB K^SKETT, wife of Mr. John 
Kennett, who departed this life the 
11th day of December, 1798, aged 41 

2 N 2 



284 



INSCRIPTIONS m nTE CHUBCH^ 



jmeA. And qIbo of Ha nn ah, bis eeoozid 
wilbr ^ito dc'porttid thia life the 13ib 
day of Februftfy, 1«16, aged 47 ^eftra. 
Also here lieth the body of Ca^^hsbine, 
daugliter of Johk and Hannah 
Kenkett, who departed thu life the 
27tti Janry., 1820, aged 19 yeare. Also 

TllOS* WOOLLETT KUNHETT, flOn of 

JoliQ and Hnmiab Ketmett^ who died 
22nd April, 1 83 It ^K^d liiyeara. Also 
Ann Ki:3iNKTT, dnuKht^i' t>f Jolm and 
HanDik]!! Keunctt, who died l^llth Febr*, 
1S22, aged 20 yeans. Also Maeia, 
dinighter of JoH^r and Hannam Ken- 
K£rr, who died 20tb Ctotr., 1823, 
agifd 17 years." 

*' Sacred to tho memory of the aforesaid 
JottN Kejotett, Sen^,, who tUedStb 
April, 1824, ^ged 74 year^. Also 
EpWLN KENNXTr, ijon of Johu and 
HAiiiiab Eennett, who died August 
8tb, 1832, aged 23 years.'* 

In tko IiTatii!, 

*^ Undor this itone is buried the EtV^, 
Thomas Hudson, A.M., Vicar of this 
ptu-iflh, who died Oetober 13thf 174S, 
in his imhyear/' 

** Sub boc marniore, bcatm resurrec- 
tion is in Chriato ape, r^uieacit 
JonAHKEB Mtehs, atinos quadra* 
ginta bi^ns ecclesifo Vieoriiis: obiit 
die xirymo, Octobris, MBOOCXJCXiV,, 
BDtetis Lincvn," 

*^ Here lyeth y body of MiCK. HiOOiNOS, 

Sen^.^ of Chatham, who died Septr, 
22d^ 1709, aged 72 years.^' 

** Here lies the body of SAftAii, the wife 
of RiciT. looeLSDBN, Stugeon, who de- 
parted thia life NoYT. the t7, 1725, aged 
37 years," 

*^ Geo KGB Slade* died tho the 7 th of 
Deoember^ 1777, aged ly years. WiL* 
liah Blade, died the 5 th of March, 
1783, aged 2G years; sona of Chiawell 
fmd Jane Slade. Yo tender readers 
who this shrine draw near^ Drop on 
these youths a sympnthutio tear. In 
yirtue's peaceful paths they daily trodt 
Obey'd their parents, and adored their 
Cod ; With every wisb of every friend 
coniply'd, Gave pain to tjone, until the 
hour they died* Also near this place 
are dt'posite^:] the remains of SAMUEL 
Slade, brother to the said George and . 
Williaan, he was endued with the same I 



virtues, and died equally regretted 
his gurvivLug frieads* on the l&t d^ 
of January, 1789, aged 2> years. All 
Daniel Slade, who died the i:»th < 
May, 182G, ag«d 72 yeaji&, Al^ 
RaoDA Slade, widow of John Slw 
(brother to the ahore-nained Bmw^ 
obiit the 27tb day of Auguat, IBS 
tttat 72. And also of EuzABETH 
Griftith* their sJAter, obiit the lOtli 
diiy of January, 1&40, a:taL 84.** 

*'Hcre lieth the body JOHJf Sladk, 
Jurat, who departed tlii* lil« 17 th 
October, 1743, aged B7 yeKm, Also 
the body ofMABY^ his wife, daogbiei- 
of William and Mary Cbiswell, who 
departed thU life 2nd May. 1743,$g!ed 
47 yeBr»» AIho the l>ody of ElizabetEI, 
wife of Cri li^w^LL Slade, daugliter of 
Joseph and Eli». Vioy, of , . * * who 
departedthls life, October IDth, 1744, 
•ged 24 yean. « * . . . youth does lie 
whose breath, Was soatolied by early, 
not unMmely deatb " (the omr Hum 
illc^hJe). 

"E*S., 1828," 

" In this Tanlt are deposited the fentolna 

o f Thomas Kennett, who died July 
loth, 1824, aged 87 years. Alio 
CiiABLEa, son of TuoMAd and MAsr 
Kekkj^PT, who died OctJ*, 23rd, 1824, 
aged 5^ years. Likewise BCabt, wllit 
of Charles Kennett, who died Sep- 
tember lUb, 1B18, aged 44 yeaM, 
^'H, a, 1783.*' 



wm^H 



" Here lyes the body of Ed™. HaK^ 
who departed tbia life the 1 2th day of 
January, 1703, aged 63 y^&rs. Abo 
the body of Elizabetii, the wife fiist 
of the said Ed»p, RASirELL, after- 
wards of Tiros. HAiWELi^ of Leigh, 
near Tunbridife, in the county of Keot, 
whom she aurvived* She departed 
this life the 15th of May, 1747, ii§ed 



M 



*'AA. 
1843.** 



Mm>i thi* &M VrMriffmmer^y the 

Mitmnee ttt thepaH where ths Nm 
Boor formerly 9t4)od, 

"In memory of Jobs HoLH^a, 
departed this life Oetober, l^th, 18l4. 
aged 07 years» Atao Ciiaelotte 
HoLMKa, daugh(;er of the above named 
John Holmes, who departed this lif« 



DTSCRIPTIONS IN RYE CmjRCe, 



285 



Oetotier IRtli, 1302, aged 5 yeart. 
Atsd also of Ajss Holm£S, widow of 
the uboY^ namoi! John Holmea, who 
departed thh life April 2l>iid, 1^4, 
agid 81 years." 

**In memory of 8aj*ah Basjies, who 
d^&rtod this life Febnmry 28tb, 1795^ 
a^ 71 yeart." 

" Siiered to the memory of Mr. 
Joseph HADiiocit, late of the parish 
of Playileii, who departed this life the 
28 th Nov ember, J 810, aged 40 years, 
and w*8 the only r^mainiTtg son of 
Cliptwii Jolm Haddock I of this town \ 
be left ft widow and one daughter. 
Also to EuzABETiij widow of the ab«Te 
Mr, Joseph Haj>ikxtk, who departed 
ihia life the i7th January, 184lf aged 
71 yeare." 

"J^1812, M.H. 1823/* 

"lo mamorj of JoiiN Haddock, who 
departed thb life Noveimber l&thf 
1797. aged 29 y«ar»,' 

*'Here lies lotcrrad the body of Mrs. 
Ann HAmiOtJK, late wife of Captn. 
John Haddock, of this pamh, died 
Jane ^Tth, 1790, agi.>d 57 yeara. Also 
.Jffn Henrt Hadi>ock, boti of the 
. died August I9tli, 1TS3, aged 

** Here Ilea iiiterr*d tho body of Mart, 
wife of Teos, KErsiiTT; Bhe depiirtcd 
this llfeMa»3h the Hth, 1782, aged 13 
TOftTH, Alao EEBACitAB, daughter of 
fefrnos, and Mabv Keknett, she do* 
fp&rted thia life April the 10th, 1783, 
gg«d il yearfl/* *' H. H,, 1783." 

' Under this stone are deposited the re- 
mains of ELizABETn, the wifa of 
William MuHJiia(of Peaamafsh, gett- 
■tieman) who died August the 4tli, 
'l827, aged 65 years. And also the 
remains of Ann Hadiiock (sister of 
the alK>ve named Elizabeth) who die<l 
Deoember 27th, 1837, aged 71 years/^ 

" Bacred to the memory of Mr. W[LLIA3I 
OlBlKiK, who died June 3rd, 17110, aged 
33 years. Also Sarah, the wife of 
Mr. WilUam Gihlxjo, who died . * , * 
imO, aged , . . years," 

Ikofth Aids. 

*' Within this vatiH are depostted the re- 



mains of SARAn PmCB, wlvo died Oc- 
toher 22nd^ !y(K), agied 83 yeara, relict 
of William Price, EsqreJ' 



BADfT Clare's Chancel, SUh I/uetip- 

''Beneath this stoue are depoaited the 
pemaina of Chablotte, daughter of 
Thomas Pkc^cteb, of this parish, and 
Cliarlotte, his wife, who died Septr. 
Slat, 1809j aged 9 weeks. Also Sabak 
A^Jf, their second daughter, who died 
in her ib fancy. Also the alio ve- named 
Charlotte Procteb, who died Octr, 
21, 1828, aged 40 years/* 

*' Sacred to the memory of JAMES Mb- 
OAW (late of this town, aofgeon), who 
died 2i;th Jaly, 1808, ag«d B5 yearm. 
Also of Sarah, his widow aad relict^ 
who died 21st January, 1826, aged 75 
years. The above-named Sarah Me- 
gaw was the eldest daughter of 
Thomas Procter, Esqre., of this Town, 
by Barahj his second wife.'^ 

" Here lieth the body of Majit, wife of 
Daniel Dav^s, Gent, who died 
March y* Sth, Anno Domini 1728, 
ilged 37 years. Also here Iteth the 
body of Daniel Davl^, Gent, who 
died Janry, y* 12th| Anno Domini 
1749, aged 63 years. And afso the 
body of Dantel Davts, their son^ who 
died April y* 20th. Anno Domini, 1726, 
aged 10 months." 



I '* Hptf lyrtli tlift bodj o* 

' E113W. th*> w-lfe i^rrijriiiiu 

l»n>f let, Mtu^ tif Lhu rlskugtl* 

UtH tit VitVUi, N&tlli PJ- 

ffTwn or ilM> fii'Trn. who 

17^. a^vd iS Ft'u-B. Alitn 
iBllxii aaiijihtpr tit th« 
•■Sd Thymu Kud EII14 
PtDeter, who aled m In- 
mni, til? ajtra *l*y tvf N<*i 

'inil TTlfci or Thomas Proc- 
ter, dk^ SStid J uue, imtt 



"Here Woi iuterrtNi Ann 
l^^nif, Wfilnw, of r]ii# 

or Mu-d], 17^, h«cd tt4 
fmn. And niw Ahii, 
tlM^ wldp of Job a Baker, 
iMte nf QoaDii^boTYtaiiti, 
dmui^ihtcT i>r Natin. Hft- 
mm, ol nj*\ Jatat, by 

jM,|liS Ills VritC, Willi WKB 

H snu €f tbe ulioVi* Ann 
l^mK. i»y li^f Snt liiu- 
tivitl^ Ht4-|i)ic>n J'i!mm,nt 
i^mii\tr\4se, BbeirutK^rii 
ibc Trh af De!«ciiLtieF, 

l7ri2.air40iC> lOtlKintar, 

i-m ^.lli'} tbe ttck^ or 
a(ra. Jane Un4i!!twodd 
iwtdow nr Mr. CtMUliM 
tJndprwiXjT'Di wbo die* 
0ut JWnd of Miiy, 17TO, 



'^ Here lye the hodys of THOMAS Rnd 
Richard Proctkb, Sons of Thomaa 
Procter (by Samh his second wife). 
Thomas died August the &tli, 1751, 
aged 4 years and 3 weeks ; and Rich- 
aid died August the IStU, 1751, aged 



S86 



INSCRIPTIOKS IN RYE CHURCH. 



one yeftr and efgtit montlii. De&r 
psrent&» grieve no laore for us, Nor lot 
joitr hearts be pam'd, Happy we are, 
Ihere is do douttf Since God hmtk so 
ordaJD^d Here aleolyeth the body of 
Maky (Dfttighter of the above HBtncd 
Thomfts i.rid Sarah Procter)^ who died 
Deceroliei- 9th. 1 7(iOj »«ied 8 years tuad 
4 monthe. Here lyeth the body of 
Thomas Fboctee, who died Novem- 
ber y* 27th, 1775, aged 73 years. 
Just to his wordf a ^end sinc^eTe, 
From every Titious folly clear; rn ikll 
hlfl dealings what he gained » Was 
tnily honestly obtainM. He ne'er 
thro' life the poor did prind, Nor any 
owing hiTo confined. Peace he muln* 
^a^ with all hh neigh l>oum, And 
well paid all men for their labours. 
Do as he did, God will you save, Ajid 
Qiuae yoa happy from the grave," 

** In a Vault l>eneath this Stone are dc* 
poflited the remalna of ANiiE, the w [fe 
of Natbaniel Procter, who died 
Bod Februaryt 1831, aged 78 years 10 
monthB and 24 daya. Also near this 
Yftult are deposited the remains of 
ief«D of their children, who died in- 
fym%^ In this Vault are also de|M)- 
tiled the reniams of the iibove-namod 
KATHA^IEL PltiXT^ER, Ehu«b, who 

died 5th Angnat, IsyG, in the aoth 
year of hla age.'* 

"Here lyeth the body of Nathathel 
Pi GRAM, ^m*f who died the 2(Jtii of 
Mftrob, 175f>, aged 82 yeara» Also the 
body of Jane, the wife of the said 
Nuthfltiiel Pigram, who died the 1st 
January, 17o8t aged 83 years. Also the 
body of Mart, one of the Dniighters 
of the aaid Nathl. and Jane Ptgram, 
who died the 28th August, 17S4, agt^d 
41 years. Also the body of Natiia- 
NTEL PlORAM, EsQR. , Son of the aaid 
Nathl. and Jane Figram, who diwi the 
13th December, ITfiS, a^ 52 years. 
Nathaniel Pioram Bbaveie, their 
Grandson, who died June y< Slit, 171^3, 
aged 16 years/* 

*' In memory of EnwAJiD and Mary 
SWAIKE. He was a fpoenian of Una 
Corporation by birth, and serv'd tlie 
csfffloe of Mayor** Sergsint 35 years. 
He died the 25th of April, 1772, aged 
89 yeaiv. She died the 14th of Janry., 
1778, aged 75 years. They left iesoe 
one Son and 3 Daughters, John, Eli- 
eabeth, Mary and Martha, UniJer the 
rough atone on y* left hand lieth the 



body of Ajtn, Wife of the abov«| 

JOBH SWAiKE. Bbe died the IfithJ 
Janry,, 1 765, ag^ 28 years. Also ILuiT \ 
the second wife of "the alsove JohB 
Swatne, who died June 24th, 1801, , 
aged 55 years,'* 

" Here lieth f he body of Hekry Watkh^ 
STAN, Gent, (late of this Town) who 
died 20th January, 1798, aged 53 
y^ri. AJjo the body of Martha, hia 
Wife, who died July 7th, 1802, aged 
fl6 yeare. Also the body of ELtfTH. 
SwAii^, Slater to the above-n^med 
Martha Waterman, who died Peby, 
12th, 18f»4, aged 7G y^ra," 

" Here lyeth interred the body of JAHEi 
EtLiOTT. late Wine Merchant, of Otti 
town^ whodiodJanry3lst, 1801, aged 
GO yeai^. And also, Sarah, hia Wifc^ 
who died May 8th, 1814, aged 90 
years.'* 

*' Under thia stone lies buried the body 
of the Het^*, Lewds JoNKa (illegible) 
. « . . Master of the free Gtatmnar 
School in this Town for $B years. He 
died on y* 13th De^r., 1750, aged 63, 
Here also lies the body of Eu^aheth, 
his wife^ who died y* 14th day of( 
Febry., 1746, aged 61" ^ 



4 



"Here lyeth the body of Mjl JohM' 
YouFO, of this Town, Gent, eldest son 
of Mr. Franc IB Toung, Gent, and Mary, 
hia wife; he departed thii!. life, the 28tli 
of October, AsooDom., 1721, aged 61 
years and 1 1 mim^ i he was tnairiediii 
I68(», bo Elisiheth, 2^ daughter to 
Mr. W. Borwttih, Jtirat of Rye ; she 
dyed in the ye^ 1701, aged 48 years, 
and was buried near this place; hf\ 
whom he bad three childfien, TtKj 
B"RA>"Cts, who dyed in 1*^82, ag^ on© 
year i Mart, bom in 11187, who died 
unmarried in 1707, and is burled 
under this stone; and EtiEABETH, 
born in 11503, who was married to 
Edmottd M.^rtin, Jvs% Gent, of 
New Bomney, in Kent, in 1714, and 
whom he left his heiress and eoceo^*, 
trix." 



I 



°' III 

4 






Near to this is a stone, the inscription o] 
which commences : ** Under this stoi 
ere interred the remaina — '' (the 
continuation is wholly illegible). 

'^CnARLES Hicks, died Augast 18th, 
18!4, aged 4 months. JAifE^ Eurm 
RiCKB, died January 16th, 1837^ nfod 




I 



I nolbcir of the above^ diit^ February 
ITHi, 1853, aged 74 ye»r«. Ajad 
CiLftSLES Hicks, their fftthcr, died 
Deoemljer IBthf 1857, *ged 7a yeara." 

^^ tsi tkb TOttU tJ^ deposited the reniaina 
of MJlFOK EiceAJBD IliY. late of the 
Bem^ Milltftfy EstabJi&hmeQi, bom 
Che tith Feby.p 1761, died the liTtb 
Msrolt, 1 823. Also of Mahy Hit, his 
widow, bom the 1?th Jmi% 1772, died 
the ^tli SepL, 1827. * 

'^ Bcre lytth the body of Majike Spte, 
Mos^luuitf fionne of John ^pye, who 
died the l>'*th day of Augmit, 1657^ 
tgbd S2 years. ILIZA, wife of Mabkb 
SrtK, afterwards of Tnos. Crouch^ 
Oeot, and Jtirat of thii Towne, died 
the ti*^tli day ■ '^ '^-* i f_ kduo Bulutiii, 
ir^7. T«o' 1 r?iit, a lover of 

Ma King and l . rcii of England, 

having MTTOd the oiioe of Mayor ia 
tbe towne of Bye for mt^hI yeares, 
deotf* the 7th day of Angutt Anno Dum* 
1682, aged 49 years. Bastti^&m. 
H«re ly^th the body of Bliz, the wife 
of HKXBY DAWTSaTON, 0«iit,, daii^h- 
iec of the «< Tho- and Enz. who doo^ 
the 9th day of Deo. anmo pnedlo. 



^ 



** Here lyeth the body of AJfN, the wife 
of jAitE* Lamb, the yoimgeri of this 
town, jurat {ilJegible) 1755, ^fed 2n 
years. Ak^ oo the lelt of thii sloue 
ly^th the aiiOTe nnniGd jAIOSa IjAMA, 
who di^ 20th February, 1780, aged 
m y^TK and D months. AJio mtider 
Hiia itone are d(?pofiitexl the ratnaiiie 
of jAMm Matthew Lamu, grandson 
of the abore named James Lambi the 
jouDger. He died on the inth Sep^ 
tgrabefi 1835, in the 4(>l;h year of hh 



ISuiemmdqfB. Clare'i ChathMl 



•* n<?re lyeth the bodioa of Tucw. GaE- 
BELL< of this towu, Jurat, who de- 
|MUl«d this life the 7 th Octr., 1724, 
1^ sum 59, And of ALICE, his wife, 
who died the 1 3th Nov^ 1727, mL mm 
m ; aleo the b<Hlics of Martha and 
Wixjii-UC) children of JAMES Lamb, 
of this lowiif and Martha hk wife ; 
Martha died July IKh, 1727, aged 
months, and William, August 5th, 
1727, aged 10 raootiis and 3 wiaeks. 
Likewise their @on&, QRiiiniiLL and 
Wn-UAU; Grebell diCNl June 30th, 



1730, aged thuee weaks, and Wil* 
li&m August, 1732, aged 10 months. 
SAMimL their eon died Jan^ iTth, 
1TS7, aged 10 months. Maktha. the 
wife of JMimB Lahu, and the dangh- 
ther of Tho«. Grebell, and Alioe, his 
wife, died Feby. I2th, 1787, aged 19 
years. Also the body of Jotiar Lamb^ 
son of the aforeiaid James and Martha 
Lamb, who died April y* lath, 1771, 
aged 47 yeat*." 

** Here lyeth the body of Catdebi^e, 
late Wife of AhLms Geebell, of this 
town. Jurat, who departed this life Vw 
9th day of Norember, Anno Domini 
1732, fetatis sum 80. Also TsoXAftp 
Son of the said Allen and Oatberiiiai 
who was born the 18th of May, and 
dyed the 15th of July, 1729. Hera 
lyeth the body of Alle:n QRenFjju, 
Esq", who, after having served llie 
office of Mayor of ibis town for ten 
years, with the greatest honoiur and 
integrity, fell by the cruel stab of a 
Baoguinary but<»h^ on the ITtb of 
March, 1742, aged 50, He IcJt issue 
one Son and onti Daughter." 

** Underneath this are deposited the re* 
mains of John Cdambehlaijt, late of 
Gre^iwioh, in Kent, Gent, who dkd 
on the sath of AuguAt, 1794, aged 41 
j^n. Also the remains of EEafiOOA 
Chamberlain (Sister of the abore 
John Chamberlaiti) who dial Janry, 
17th, 1790, aged 30 yenra. Also the 
remains of Ma^t Wathqn, daughter 
of Needier Chamber lainWat^n, Efq**, 
and Eltjsabeth his wife (illegible) 1795, 
aged 26 years. Also the remain! of 
Elii;^*. Watsok, Widow of the alxive- 
oamed Nticdltir Chambertaiw Watson, 
Esq'., who died 25th Augit, ltlU8, 
aged 66 years. 

** 8n«red to the memory of Mauy Jakb 
Watsojt, Daughter of William and 
Mat^ret Watson, of this town, who 
departed this life ICth September, 
1822p aged 15 years. Also of the 
above-named Willlam Watssojt, who 
died May 4th, ISil, aged m years,** 

" To the memory of Willlam OiiAMnsit^ 
LAIN, ob'HOth Maroh, 1831, j£Cat83. 

** Sacred to the njemoryofMEJiYOK, Son 
of William and Saiuh Holloway. 
Ho was born Janry Slat, 1813 j wa« 
unfortnnntoly dmwmjd at the Charter J 
House, Juna 20th, 1828;' 






I 



288 



"Here lycth y* body of Mas, Aioo 
WATEtEHotT?%K, who died Octr.y'1>4tli, 
172fi, aged 71 years. And alaoMAHT, 
bur dfiugb tert and wife of Joseph 
CoOPERt Junior, who died Noft, y" 
20th, 1728, »ged 32 years. Left issue, 
2 soQi, George and Joaeph. H©r^ 
lyeth the body of Mahv, aecood wife 
of Joseph Cooper, who departAjd this 
life tlie 24th day of Septr,, 1748, &g«d 
37 years. Left i»suo one dnuj^ter. 
Also here lyeih tha body of y* aaid 




TNSCRIPnONS IN RYE CHUKCH, 



Joseph Cooper, who departed Hiii 
life Aiiffost the 14th, 1T41, aged S<* 
jfiftTw. Alao her© lyeth the body of 
MAMYt dftuglitep of Joseph and Aim 
Coofter, who died Nov<jmber the 2nd, 
1T4T, Kg^ I '2 moDths, Mouna not 
fiir me, my psi^nts dear, I am ootdmd 
liat ileepinff here. Gbobok Ooqpitb, 
died Novr. litb, 1T4B, ag^ 28 yeaw," 

In^ripllont on three other slalts in Umi 
ChanoQl h«TB beoome ill^Me, 



Extract from an order of Ftiyj Council, of 20tb Mareb, 1864, 

*' Ryb, Sussex. — Burials to be wboUy discoutiuued from aud 
after the first of June, one thofUsaQd eight hundred and fift v-four, 
in tlie burial-groimds of St, Mary'a Church, and of the Baptkt 
Cliapel ; and to cease at once under St Mary^s Church-** 



n 

it J 



INSCKIPTIONS IN THE CHURCH YARD. 
HEAD STONES. 



i 



"3tcru4 to tlic memory of CaAKtiB Ovn Wahoit^ 
whodk-^L imi FtbrnATy, ^Ml, affed 40 yi?«M, 
AL» of UULttiEX, lua wiftt, «Jio djt^tl 4lh D«c%m' 
1i^, 184^, aged 41 |van. In ntpo^ Out Uupe of 
Uuit g)«d day, Sa« 11^ fUtciiDb'd unr w^mty 
dAyf Itaider, amlra, lii i^a repent* TMih! 
boiu*, ■« oufi^ ire only lent ^ Fnrmke ihf alna. 
In Clirlit bcUcvo, Juall thou tii«It wlUi Mm aver 

**SacTf!d to the memory of Eui^kirtt, wtib vi 
JoUH ILiDDEii Watbon, wtiD dlcd ^ritl Feliiiy., 
1933, aged 4fi yean. Ye ereiit ottei i]f the eanb 
Ibr onc« drmv upor, Ami CDpjr ^rtue^ in jui 
liifmMe sphfrre [ She actei ta etaiuv tlic noblest 
eti4 Avliliont u acnuit, modi^j wtfii, ticul 

■* In memorr of EuiAunti wtfts of Jajcr* I3U#4I7K* 
UAH, tniMer, of ma parlBh, vba dhKl JM Octdber, 
IfWJ, **e«l 63 ywim, Alsoof J^^iOB, ncm af Juitcii 
itail EliKJtbi'th Plfickmiin, who dJwl Julr 5Tth, 
1^02, si^iHl M montl^ia. Alio at Hutmir, daoKti- 
icr of James add! Kli»bvtli BlHvlmiiin, who lUed 
SHrd Fcltrunry, t80&, akM 1 year wict I roontN. 
AbD iTf Crumxi'TI^ diuiuhter of Junca and 
£11f«lH«th UlHCknuuu who died 9t)i October, 180A^ 
A^ ] t werJu, Also of £LiEAB(Km, yidr daogh* 
tefp lUKl wife of sStcpb^n WaUi«r» iriM Otofl a«tli 



.fttly, aged a» t***?^* f« 
" dau^litur i»f 



filadunan, wtio died Pcbrr. OOl, tm^ «f«4lF 
yev«. HciLr cMt rpoi are alao depoitteil tba n^ 
maliu of tl» ml»v«^nime4 Jmm Btiiriwiw, 
wbo dkHt Octr. 19SII, 1911, aged T« 7«f«.* 

" In memorj of DtAAii Botnoi IVm^, dimj^terdf 

Charltd and Dinah Folia, txHH July lOttt, mu 
dkd Mar Uth. 18M. Alan of the aIw**iviiiBi^ 
CoAHUi WVH^ who (Had MiuxL 2^nU IH^J, aged 
fif yeart.*' 

** fn memory of IUht, wife of Tooiiju Boc^iar, vrbo 
diwl November aOtL, 181^4. n^pcd 77 ytan* Alas 
thi! al>ove>iiiiined Tnoaua BoiTRir, nrho diad Vijr 
;iri1, lhM« Iftnd 8S yvart. LUrewlie 4 oT CMk 
dilMivii, Taotua, dkd Jtsm 9tta ITM, aged f 
moollu; JAir«, died June litli* 179V>, oj^ed tli«i» 
jean; aid Manx, dki^ Jan« 7th, Hifut, agvd t 
yeait.*' 

•• hi mimiory of Jomf MiittE, who died Au«st. 1 
l^«. ijifa if* j-carsn Alio SuuB, liU wife. W 
dk**! Ariril 4tli> 1 H<X1, afl«d ft yiean. Lrft tun 
TiiiK 4 srjiii, and ^1 dftogbtera, Tia^ Joho, lUcb 
Eiijutlft'tli, Jamcf, Ann, Tbma», «ad T' 



' Saeifcd to the memorr of Jon 
I7tJi D«T^ ia4«, aged 74 ywra. 
JoBir JttLLBB, wbo died 17tb 3««tr, 



juvaig yjum/j mov • laJiS i'uiifj 







"'■'■' ^7nu^ 






Q 

< 

X 

o 
a: 

3 



O 

X 

o 

UJ 

>- 



«-^ -J 



-X2 
10 

o 

s 

PX3 



;:3 

o 



INSCBIPTIONS rx RTE CBTTRCH YARD. 



289 



' BnAHKk, wfj^ of 

liyiHi^dmiKWv KTJef JUUt (Mlti; Hut when 
9m Lonl be 4M tlilnk tiest, U« Uwik tne to ev^r- 



[^ To tht menuinr of TnoicAa nAiiiC*, Trim iUed No- 
fTiQberlOth. lm£, «f^ 47 y^tnL AIm^oT Jaitk. 
ttI^ of tlie alxTfe. *tia died Felwy. 14tih* 1*57, 
ifed « fears." 



' Qd" JooFf B4aBTp Who iepiited tUi 
M^'Apri], lTTip.a««id ift jevm. He 1i-rt 
Biiiniv)njr?<lKii^literSi vl£„ Elisibeth uid 
^ Al«i lif Thiucu WuEidJai, who {U^piutcd 
mit Life iUth JaniMTT. iSH, agna 68 y«4n. Also 
BLUJkOimii WAXEUir, Snt nil} of John Barry, 
mdailertenHia to Ttionm Walwlin, whodupirtod 
£]ii# life liar Tth, laiO, mged 17 jtutur 

"SienBil in thi- nnfrnicrry of Thoh^ t^toajpc, who 
aBiSqiiaDtKrfOthjM7«ac«l0f jars. AJn 
(ft^r Ofinarj of JjkMBp UifuuTT, Aint, uid 
CA^nSBixB, eliUdsen of the jibore, wba (Ued in 



I 



I totlMt memonr of John WmiTrKriinAM, 
«gc<4]t fMft; Uk«vitt' JouM CoitKEi.iriit «#ed 

li, lm<" r>f ] olfe-'r^t.m^^.iii Ki ]kt.w|)«wci%droiinicirl 
trr-' 4»er, ISO*, Thcf 

I» " ! to temoBii ththr 

hy^ A'jiw ta §6m, Prtffmt 

jutUM^vt^ 14 (bilJu»w 1^14^ i it^|j«nt In time, uuiki! 
m* aeiiiy* for w« La hJiste wg» inntdied b,m'«x." 

■Sa««fltidth«iiiaDQi7«l' Fa^vK, kd o< Tboiea« 
WiULm iQd CA)ioi*iia Tbo«»^ vlio illed Msy 
fTtiL, l»B3r KKcd 3 fean uid § moittlia.^ 

"SiEfid to fhe irbcmorr of GAnou!fB. the w Ef& of 
TdttiiAi W&L41AM Tou^rK, wbo died Octol^r 2Sth 
UV, need 3$ ^e&n. She l«ft (^ clUIUrcn, vix., 
<f«(Hl|e, Qmiline, Th^nuitft, CLata, Frunk^ uid 
Haniefie Mutt* 

•*ln memf^TT' nf Wiu.i4Ji PjLnrE, whij died D(!C(fni- 
Ite-r SfiJ, |A^y, nire*! 1^ reiin. lie hroujcht eloim 
my •!* nxufth In uiy Joiimey* and fhonvned my 
4ikyt—' {%h£ r0tt under ^pr^tuiii). 

** Supped feotbe menuir^ of GioDGR F^iiv, wlio died 
MAr 34^1, I91i^ a^ 43 retti^^ Alio Elija- 
urm, who dJ^di Ln her Lnfkncf. Left furnlvtng 
flfv tnnft Jind ftmr dunghti-r!!. With p^Uencc' to 
11^ Jatt lu! ilM iiil>i»lt, And (onrraar'd not at 
what EtiL' L>rnE (tlmuL'hT Hr ; But with MChfljitiau 
Ajrt. ' I iit hw up- 

|X>M iirtlwr *or- 

l\»v I'iren for my 

»t 'rV lif Catiiemiite, 

wi' '0 Paki« itIh) tiled 

F*fi.' ! vc^Tf. In incniory 

of G^iiu^c 1'ai5, wEi^ dleil Janry^ li^tli, IMM, 
•Kvd fl jrcAfH, leanng a wife and » i^luldren.* 

In Truraiftrj uf Mb. VVilleam liEtCt Jithiu, of 
LutuJon^ whoiJJ^l FniWiEiSy \u t\i\n iJ(Wji» on llw 
l*lti Norrmhi?!*, I*HiH^ ligi-a 4i jcun/' 

>li Ocioonr of TrjaMA« Qarat, who drpar t«l tlda 
"*,-- (fJie nat ilkgibLe). 




Sacrwl to the memory of Mabt LiAnRT, wifr flf 
TBIIB0I fi^rrj* yi-nmiuL, cif thii pnri^li, who dJ^ 
' — 4th, 1H31, «$^ oe yeart." 

iMi * to ttii.' in etnory of M b. JoHiv Bit^ut t » surir«on , 
mtii^Smn\t^ Jind liar}' fiaiTy,Df this piu1»)i« who 
dhid JAI1U1117 Utli, im7f Piged JJ7 year». HIa inujy 

XDI. 

9> 



4ttiiible QiuUtki u a nun »d<vid him to 
tii4*p wlii> knaw hhn. wd tite ■AcHomite and 

!'■■ 'Ut<? suBi^rintf*, hia 

I*' • iiuLi of hw udikttHL 

ni,. . , .. ....... ..,.., 4ijia a ploBB rsii^ujL- 

turn tu till- wiU of iiwjd can rrcf heal.* 

■* In nnjjnory of tho crhUdrim of Jolin and AnnBor- 
kettj ItJkmAmwiAKsG^wtM UruRrrT, who filed 
October luth, l«i8, a4En4 a ytMH Jorii* UEWRf 
BimxftTT, wlw dh^L October l^th, Ulit, a^cd S 
yeara aud six niontha, ■ Uut Jesui cj&Ued them 
m§t& him and said, Suftbr little chUdrcn to cocna 
unto me and forbid them iiot, for q( inch li Cha 
khigdom of Mea^ea . ' " 

■* Here Ueth the body of JutKittAa DwfBa, Em^ 
■on of Jeremiah Dwyer, Esq., of the dty of Onh- 
llt\, who deported tlils life m Sundayt the 4tb 
day of Supteinb«r» in tlie ye^ir of our tjord ttt31, 
ugrni 4& years. Ty» tUnie i& ejwted to ht^t me" 
mafy by Janies pwyi r. EAq.^ o4 the tity (i( Lhib- 
lin, tarrlmter it taw, hb only ssjrriving hroUifir. 
Bfxjuieicat in pnce^" 

'* In lacTiifjfy of Tboujji, aan of TntmJkM »wl Nunf 
OfiAvjn-rp wbo died January ye 4th, ItTft, ag«d 
8 mem In. Wetp not^ daar mother, but Jojflil 
he. In bopft* that Chri»t hath *Kt me free, A1j0 
of the abuve-iumed TnnMAA (jfuvErr, who itled 
J une ?r>th , 1 mo, aged 4.1 jear». My Ibta] tluifi wai 
coixie, And God hi hiute eaJted me i Bo kind to 
my dear wife, Jlow t am laid in day. Also of 
|]i« abora-DBaiad NutM Giuvrrr, who di^Jtdy, 
lOth, laoa, agnl 40 years.'* 

'*In memory of EuCAWJni Liutlft, vbo dial 
F«hy . 1 1 th, 1 4M}P» a^Bd 11 3 



" Here llci tlie body of Fiiitif rusa. who departed 
tlilB LLUs the 4th of November, In ye year 17 JO, 
anfeil ^ yeaf9. Also Wiuuv Oaks—" (the ml 
under grooiuL} 

"Soered to the memory of Janb Ui^fxu^ 
dau^hrer oi Jiunof and Jane BLurkman, who died 
Fifbnian" ITtlJ, I'M)*!, AIko of Mart Blackmav, 
daughter of thv abuTo, who died February a'ind, 
lastfaged iiT'snr*. flcloFcd in. lifo, In uie4nor3r 
■tllL moit dear, In love Liow falthfal, and to 
JHsndk itfncQre. Likewise th*.^ above-named 
Jambs Blackkar, who dLed June rind, 11^1, 
«gied &$ yeara*" 

" Saerod to the memory of Jans Jitmaarifc. who 
dii<il Jjiiiuary ais^t, LSI It, aged 74 fiwrs. Also of 
Bf Aic¥ BL4CKMAM <late of Battle}, who dttsil Maj" 
ye -JiivU 1 828* M«[?ed T* yipara. Tho mismory of 
Che Jnut is htused, likewlie of Haioiibt, datlgh» 
t^r of Jiimei anil Jane Blackman, and wilb of 
Fi^WAKi; €uAiu.Ba EDWAUiti, who died Manll 
3Mih, imt, ogeA m rmn,'* 

Tcmb tfilAi'n an Iron RaiHmff. 

"Ssieretl to the memorj- of William Dt^fiAAiiT, 
Oeijt, who di'jiarteit this life June Mi, 1 rill ^a^ed 
^i vi-nm. Ik' iNid tssne hy llary^hei wife, Mary, 
J< I ' n, AtiLl \^llliiiin/ Joiiw died an 

ill! r Why. !7>w. Also of W^iuxuf, 

9*'i- ' nil J Tfin^ry iJurront, who died of 

theyelltjw ^vur at tli^ inland of Grenada, h! the 
WeatludtoS. April tli*^ lOtli, lHi7, si^fl 1» years. 
Llkpwlm' As*, wlfrof Jamk* Molk, ami Elauch- 
t*'i . nml M4u*y fiumintf who rtepartcd 

Ifi niJirtheii, in WideS, Ortr. '2L*ndi 

1^ I JITS. Al6o of Maui Di^MHAirr, 

nifi"**! \\ tlliuni Dnrrimt^ Atmr, who departed t^ 
llfi^lirli nt^i, IH:;^^ age^l 07 yoara. Likevlaa 

2 o 



290 



IKSCHIPTIONS Of RYE CHURCU YARD. 



•on oftJtw mhas^^ wfai} tiie4 Xuvembcr lit., IMl, 



« |k£if^ lA the memciiiT Of EuxAicni, wiJIr Of 
Cafih* B^rt iljjaamrtwbodeputodtbislllb 
Jmufj, 13th, lau, K^ n i^eftn, LmTUiff 
iNw i HDi and 9 djuij^ten." 

*■ In iBtnHWT o* HaJTHAB, tbinJ daujrhtcr of Robert 
■Dd SwahOurUi^, lanX vrifvof KDWAhitTiCKVU, 
cf tMi teirn^ who departed this Mtv tffth MatcIi, 
UST^^cdnrwi. Lo! where tliliilhiotiiuutiie 

wtthlii vluwe «CTBd e*U The peuefal Tlrtnea 
lorV lO dwill : AfT4ectli:>n worm, uid tUCh lin^ 
«««, And * ft humanity wvrr tlu're» AIm ofibe 
Hid Edwjirv Trcn«*Ji, who tUett July 3rd, ISW, 






of Ro«r, GuitLKT^ Skwh., who died 

]7fif , ajTfd 74 3r»rs. Alw of &iH4Jf, 

who died July 20th, Hftl, aj^ M re*r».- 

•"In mtMnory of Wiixia^i ' n of WUIbua 

i^ed H mantlif*, Al^ ■ iidiktighter, 

Awn, who drpftrtcd this liO: u^tu^r BfUkt 1S«4, 
Affrd&jnmiod fi months," 

r of SUtun Baxkh, who d«Tiait«d tltta 
" * J 1804» aged 17 y^an,^ 

'* Stered ts ai« menwrr of Josh MinstnTToir 
Ftiiia, •on of StJEphcB and llwy Fiill^r, who 
died ]pt Fchry*, liSf, «ged *ye«r»aDd if montlu. 
Alaj theh- 4ftUR^hti>r. Mart Jaw^ Fin^eit, whn 
dtedtthd Uanrli, IK'JS, a^i^d 13 montht. Tlie 
Sf^t Jtiborah, hill of lore, A jmeel brt^bt did 
■end, To fetch CheK Utt;le harmtcM dorefl, Ti> 
Jofi thii nef«r end. In memory of M^nTt tbe 
wUe of Stephen Pntler* who died FebniAry 17th, 
IMfi, aged «] yean." 

** aaattd to the memory of Osoaci Fttni, who 
dted February Itb, 1§*T* aged &T yisajri," 

** S««rea to tbc tnetEiory of Jobn HAHxnxif * who 
died NotT. mk, 1S3^, 8^ 80 yeam. A1«o of 
Jake» hi« wits, who died Janry. m\i, 1«18, aged 
BO yean, leatiu|E' bMUe 1 Mm ftuil 6 daughter*. 
And alAD of Dahhikt, their tlilrd (tHUtfhCt^^who 
dkd Ui^ 1 Ath , 1M2, aged 5^ ycAfa. " 

" Sacted to tbe memor>' of Asn. wife of Mh. Wil- 
LUM Lorrrp* Jtrinu, nf Newcwtle-uiMm^Tyn*, 
who died &th March, \is>'l6^ aged iti» yeant." 



*Hcn! Ilea the body of 
Ma. JoCTw K[NPc^ 
w«)on. who departed 
iMall^yeiaihofMay, 
ITM, hi ye «Otb year 
QfUaage,'* 



"Hera llei the body of 
Jidov KiBtnuwodit his 
aon, by JMttHh, bla 
wife i he departed tbii 
life ye isth of Octo- 
ber, ]7»4, Bjced (llle- 
gtWc) yearBn," 

'Tmnenoryof Joan Tttiuftyi, who deimrted thl» 
Uti Koremberlilh, 180§, a^ ed fi3 yrA»7 

'* In meinnry of Mart, the witc of SAHnra. KiOf- 
inriT; %he lUtfl J use ye ^th, ]7fiO,«f«dS!tf yvm^ 
When death waaaeutb-oni God ebOTne, So pad" 
denly bci |iart all love v No Menda nor m pbysl- 
c!aa^ art Conld then pruvpnt him Altai dart. AUo 
the ahore-naiuM SAvrin. Kehisit who died 
July 4th, lan^, aged hi ytAn Alaa cf Hakatot 
KKNxmr, who died Aofilat ISth, 1^10, aged \1 
yean. AHo of Hjlhy Abut KmneFi. who died 
September UtK IWU, agffd 5jT yean/*— On fJSe 
ifcif*.— *■ 344:red to the numiofy of CUHiyirMAj^ 



Eia^AUU. Krvftt, who deported th*a 
a 'th April, l»tl, iffvA ts years. A1s«i ffl t 
roemriry of Ah>k Kt^creTT. ietimrt wife 
aamtiel Eemiett, who died Kott, 1 1th, 1 N«, a 
Sffyom*" 

"S*fr«l to the mefflory of Sr»tv*AB. wifr ef 
WiiiUM TuoHra; ahe died ideejily lupeQted) 
Aujritit +*-»tb, lft»l*, aged TO yvim.* 

" Saercd to the memory tif Piuua Swa, W^ d]«d 
June 10th. 1936, a«cd «» yeaim, Dei?t)ty «- 
gretted hy his fiunJly. He left nuTlriii^ ft 
widow and S children * 

•*H<Te lyeth the iK^dy of HEirrr P*A*tii. who 
departed thi* life NovtuibeT yc ?ard, I7fi5. -iC"! 
67 wars, Alarj Ca-niAUisi.. his wllKwiif' <l^i 
Kovrmbcr Mth, 17RU, afl«d 81 yi«i. Aad 
TiiDiLU, tlveb- son, wbo died AprU 37th. IS 11^ 
ifred H yean." 

''Here tSoa Ttaoa., poti of Atm. and Euam, 
Waad, ho died JuBe 2<^t]i, 174V, In ye Sth yr of 

bb age. 

" To Uw memory of fnii^ Ftaaif, aoa flf 
Smnuel and Sarah Farby, whcv iHed June Ift, 
1SS6, «««i1 19 yeon. Alfo Geokgk Fiitnir, afwl 
Syear*; {^kdhob, imid, aged »'*/(^am RicHABSit 
aiced 1 year ; HAunior, ased i year*. Barkd 
at Tenterdeu. likewlK Jami» Fcust^ tbisr 
aoo, wW dlfd Harch SOth, Iftljl, aged 33 yean, 
leaving a widow and one Km. In the m^li£ of 
life: we are In death." 

In OoikU,—" Jauiqi CLAn&AW, ildp hnGder. de* 
ceaaed xvtu. Aug., ittX30CXLin., aged i^xti.'' 

*• Sacred tn the memory of Mabt, wife of Saw™ 
THO«tAa^WbO (lied^7th September, IBIS, aged 
fiO yean. On tomha, eneomioiof mrt bat Tutnly 
•pent, A "rhtncm* Bfe ii th« b«t mt*nuinenL 
Alao of tht ahaTe-nBimfld Smthi Trommh, wlw 
died Ifth Septr., IStl, afed 7i yean. UA 
anrvlTlng Ihne loin, 9la.> Edward, Jctneit and 

" Saer^ to the metxiory of Rrm, Uie wtte uiSotm 
F^VTBJi, who died (very maidenly) the 2£tb 
December, 1H37, agfnl 64 yean. ComiptiaQ, 
Earth, aod WorTnii, ^ball hut destroy tMi deih. 
Til] my limnurtal ipiile Gomea, To put it on 
tfh-eah." 

** In memory ol Jowk Biav, who died Korremba- 
ye 9th, 1777, aged S3 yean.* 

"Sacrcd to tbe Tnemory of Jtirot STAmix, 
Seos., ahipwrtght. who departed TliH lirr ^I*y 
3rd, 1 HIT, aged ao yearf. * Lord tn ^ si 

thy flervant depart In pevw, ai- y 

word.' Also of JAja ararrBLL, ; Ijq 

departed this life Btay l»t&, 1^21, o^itd ^t 
yosn" 

"In taemory of IlEJ'iir Stattkul, Ji:i^it^, whft 
died July SI Bt, 1"87. wjed s» yean. In mexnfliT 
of Jame, w1£& of OuuLfrmenKft Qprr, who died 
May aifi, 16S4, aged M yean.* 

•Mti momoiyof Et.nAura STArrKt, fimghm 

of Jehn and Jane StaSiel!, who died AprU ITIh, 
Iflio, aged 3fl yuars," 

*■ Tn meropry uf JoitK S n of John and 

Jane Staffell, who iU -t. l^'H. tiin!d 

84 years. In menu' u Clajh, wImi 

wa» unfbrtunately drnwiml tu in* paanigebag 
ttata Ireland, m iBlfi, In the ^Kb yMTOifi 



INSCRIPTIONS IN BYE CHURCH YABD. 



291 






i«<v Abo df KittT MAcam, wlf^ of tJtie Mbove 
who dlftj FcLmuy iTtb, 1S5*, i^ 88 jeara." 

' 111 mmwfT af WitxuM Eunt (m«ay jtaf* 
Serji, tn IH^ *niiy, ind late S<ip«rtnteii4eBt Rye 
G« Wort*), who (lied Angtt., 39th, 1SJS3, >«M 
'ri jmn. Mm M4iiT. Iiis wUfe {turiwl ai ItSen), 
wild dM nrd Angun. IS^Ja, Agied 37 years. 
Also Ecjzucm, Ms -hid wlftt. who dSnd mh 
Apfn, IMl, ii«;««l 13 yean. Alao nf Mau?, hi» 
llil wtfr, who liied , * * * 18 aj^ . , . yeurs. 
BiDctie4 t»j Lkath I hefi* rcmaio. Till the la*t 



**lBioeaiDrT(if Thoiiaa Cudiu, whu died MvtJi 
fe VttU im, «^ 74 yiwi.^ 

•la meoufifr of JtWEPir Edwaiuw (Ute Stociimia- 
■ofl,i»f tliJi Kiwn), wito tlJc.1 f>ctr. I^Jth, 1*407, a^l 
l£f j«Arss Left itinrlTlng^ bi* wifti imd 4 -Jiillrtii, 
*i*_, lUtlJcrhiB, Hw-rtft^ Willlitni, nn^l Bdwin 
Jc^^kh. ALio of the alK^re-n^iQ^^ Uajuuet 
E&wAitD*, who dhsl ifJirch lj;»tli, IfMS, ajred ta 
jwrK My tUys on earth wenj u a Hhsdow, my 
por^mes wvnr broken «iC"— Ob (A* BfiJrk.^'* In 
loctiiorx of Wii4jA.>i EnwAiciifl, tldest wm of 
JovitU £>JwiiMs, who .Uwl AiMftiat fith. 1S3U 
«9e4 23 ye*ri* Life how ihort: Eten^tf bow 

Im Qotkii on tA^ Bod if atom, 

"C^MOus^ Ctw wife of CuAiiLii Switn, died 
October ixui., waoexxnut iiged mil. Etttra^ 
tbitr ftrtEbcirii, rtkul Murth uji,, jtoOOCKuni.t 
Aged E jttr V iiiontha." 



to the mmioiy of ^LiZABirn, wtfe of 
Joan QMftx^Mtti Tatloh, who deported tlUi 
life Idih Joiu^ IS'JH, a^ed m ymr^,\v^vinf( Ini^ 
•arrfrii]^, 9 lOiiA* TfL, Clmrlei. John, und J«mw. 
A KUiZty, wuk* iiDit h^lplen wonnH (^ thy kind 
■ni» t Ml ; B« £hau my streoiff^Lh uid n^ht«oiia< 
UGH, Jlj Jacu, mud my all." 

"Here Ijctb the body of J<hieph Pikacs, Iron- 
Bvmiffir, fr«!i Midd4tofw, Ken t^ who died yaSth 
April, 1711, ac«l 32 yean** (the ii£«t mider 
groojid.) 



to the 



of Rdmirr Pisk, who 



I dM Aiigiutit t«f 1^4, aged 57 yeiura, leaving « 

^L «ll» «ad f^iir daitgtiten to lament hU hxit. 

^B fifrftAH, wU^ of the above* dkecl Norembcr mh, 

^T il ^U aged fit ^r&an," 

^SmukI to Che memory of Mart Outline, wife r^f 
Uiavj Qwlt, who (lied AurU tind, iwff, jiged 
H)' yeafv,, leuirhig imuA vix hohji &ni1 fQiUr dau^h- 
tcn» Til., Honry, Susonju, ll&tf, Philip, Metf y, 
£dwafd« Juhfi, ThoQum, Archnr, and M4rg&reC. 
Her njortal pain* and grtef are oVr, Aitd llfr^i 
ttttx ttiortnA af^ paat, Sofrl/ nho roach'd the 
beavenlj ihore, Wharc Joys unfading lust,"— t>ft 
Me Back.--*' Alto of the afore-njiined UxMUt 
Cukt», SE«Vi wludemrted thin life on the ISCb 
Hay, 1 632, In the T^year af hU a^o. ' VetiLy, 
TfiTiij I 111^ unto you (aaith ChriBt), If a mwa 
lA^ my «4rbi£> ho ihoU nev«r aiH! death/— John 
c«p, 8, verie 51." 

"Is moEDoty of PtttLir Clark, Sbku, Alito 
UaacT, hii wile, llo departed thia life May 
3Ut«i»>t>,a«ed79yean. She deputed thii H^ 
t>b>% L^th, T7«7, a«ed 5S years. What we were 
the judi^ment day wUl beiC mAke known. Reader, 
what *rt thou ?^"t>n Ihe Bf^M.—'*in mcmr^y 
OFTuoicu CLimi, non of Phdip and Mt^^rty, who 
died July litfa, 1H9, age<l 77 yean. Alao of 
Wuj.LikM PniuF, mm of this ahiivtJ^Riutietl 
Tbomaa, who dl«d AftrU 16th, imm^ i^cd » 



month! and — wMct. Alio of EuiAssm and 
Wl[4^aii, chUdren of WlUiam Diurant CUric, 
fom of the abnm-natned Thomaa, who died ta 
their Infancy," 

**Sa£red to the memory of MAtuiAJtcr Clabk, 
dau^ter Af Ueeuf mad Hary Clarlt, who da- 
parted thk Ulte «i tiie J3th of April, 1916, a«ed 
la yean and 7 nuimtha. AIao of AttrnoHT 
Kamm Clajuj he died l&th July. 1732, a^ 
nine months." (The reRuiHler grounds) 

"In inemory of AaaASAV S^Aft%u^ who dlad 
Maj^h 14th, n&l, aged ^ fsare. Alan OaACV 
SrAfTEU^ lUi'il Janiy* nth, 17 m^ aged IB 
years. LEke^wiae Ilic.«<iiT STArriu.L, died Jimrr, 
Sfith, 17 91, a«*^l .fT yfj*r5. Also Ma»t Staf- 
FKLL, wife; of Ahrabaui Staflell, de]iartdd ^biM 
mh May 22nd, l«iJ, aflied «7 yean. Likewh* 
ICamoaiiet Weight, died March 27tli, 1S33, 
aged 89 ycare,*" 

" Sacr.'d to the Di«niorT <if Awt*HAM 9taftwll, 
who died Fetimary ye ^Sth, 1810, aged 43 yean. 
He left iqniving Sarah, hJs wtlfc, and Jane, hla 
dangbtcr.'^ 

"Sabred to the memiwy of Giuc-Jt, the wUte of 
JcvnfiriAH AOJnr, whodk'd Mareh SOth^ISSS, 
ageil 4 1 yean. She left nu-rirtng a huaband and 
& children, y!z., Henry, ELUubeth, WUUam, Mar* 
g«ret, and Sarah, to lainent their hiis. And olao 
ef the above-nj^qed ELLXABKra, who died Juno 
irth, I^Ht aged V2 yean. UkfrwUu of Sauar 
LocnsA, who died Augtut 16tb, Ifm^ agi»d 4 
jman. In taemory of Gjiace MABOAJiirr, the 
daugbtef of Jiusinlan and Oraee AUeiv who died 
I>ecr, 8th, isad, aged i yBan. AIk of the above 
n^zned JcwnmAN ALLm, who died June fTtti, 
]»41, igtMi47yean." 

'^Sacred to the meaiQry of Qaonoa 9tAiTEEi, 
who chcd t>ctr. S^th, Wi^, mged M yeam. Aluo 
Emiaveth. h±a wife, who die*! Mftrch Tth, W29, 
aged ^6 years. Ukewlae Mamt STArraix, tbeh- 
dauichtcr, wb& died Fehry. a7«i, iHaa. aged 21 
year*. Left aiirrivinif 1 sun and dftUjijhter, fli,, 
Qrvx and Henry. Al» of Haw (if Gootiaa, 
■01} of Hetuy and Ann StaflbU, wbo died May Ist, 
l»ao, aged 3 qMmtJM."— Oi» the -Bofife— '* In ma^ 
mory of QwkCt i^A^riu^ dangbter of Jottin-* 
lau and Grace Allen, who dM Jtth' ftth, IWl, 
ageil 17 montb». Also Mjurr Jari^ Uwlr 
djtu^Uter, who died .laury, imb, 183«, a«ed $ 
years snd S mcmthf. Likewise JosmmAji 
Gaonoi:, thdr son, who iMed Fehry. 14th, 183*, 
aged ^ years and a moDtha/" 

" la memory of SaoAJU vifit of Jonir Worr, who 
died March 3 Lit, 17(K», aged 33 yean.** (Illegible, 
part tiitdifr ground.) 

Waar qfthe Church, befiMM t^$ Pathmt^t~3 im 

"The fhmily grave of Wh-uam Atlwaij? and 
KiTi'T, hik wife. To the memary of i/Utet, 
diLD^bter of the above, died 16th December, 
mi-i. agc4l 15 yearft. Six Inlisiit chUdren died. 
KiTTT ATi.wAni> dlii<l March Uih, Ifiilfi, o^ed 
7^ years. Wii,lia« Atlwaud died Deer. 22iJd, 
tB4% aged 77 years, leaving I s^jns, Thins„ Wm. 
and Chiut. Aylward. 4 infant diUdfen «f Cbarlea 
Aylward. Amn, the wlA" of Cmahlsi Aylwa^o^ 
died Jaiiry. a»th, I ft* L a^cd 4^ yvK^ Cnxtajm 
AirtWAiLD, died Junt^ iHh, l!^'i, aj^ed 47 fmn^ 
leaving iMue threu sons, Willlain, I'liDinoa John, 
and 1^1 win Fisher, and three daughters, Mai^, 
Cathurtne ELlzth., and Charlt^tte Ann. Thoh as 
WiLLLAK ATLWAim, son of WiUiam AKid £ltt7» 

2 2 




tSBCKirnoNs m bte cnuRcn yard. 



mm Itmm. WnuMM Atvumm^^ ■« of Cbulti^ 
dM tAtb V«r^ t SM. kAKUtt IHW mmmm,VW^ 
mmOtulmAjfmmd. * For «i to Adim aU dfe, 
«f«af»laCl»fliltluD aU b« made «itfT.'-1it 



■ ^JAXm9mm>im^wiia 

A^lkim Oeir. soul, IMO, «|cd 7a 

jllerloMh AlaomMAKTHATB SmKwm. 

mta n fwm*r-M m Am* (tf'Af mm* 8t9M. 

Df EHt OartftDO, Serloiiini, vlw lUisd no a rtait tn 
tana Ivwn; tll» iftil Siftr., 1^1^ a^ TQ jreiin, 
OMTttptiim, tMiht and Warau, Sa»U Imt nADe 
tlia iHilL, Till m; ^tumpihaiit tptrtt «iih», To 
f«| El on alknOk. Be jc aim r»^. ASao |« Uu 
iBaacvT nf Euia, tin vUb oT Jom Smcocm, 
vte dl^ IStb May, t^lH. ii<«d la Tc^n." 

■f Jimid io ttwnuiiiwiT of MAmiA^ni^ci ^rtrnn 
»dM Au 



djinj^bl^r «f I>B?ii1 axftd Ani» ffoy, vbudtol f! 
January, l^/S^ a^TPt 7* ytsar*." 



t qf tkt ehmrdk di/bnf ^th* Vtemmtt, C « 



rtofSa.v,wlwdlid Aiiffnrt IRlh tSU, aiv<l 4t 
iiOBrL Lell ctLTrlriiig i iidu a»f ■ diiQj(liten. 
My %«trt*k owraaU mw 111111^ dccBj*d, Mf 
ifn d«p8tr^ nf fJotit ^ Frt«da, Usnn, liliiiiiiiiii, 
mum alwl, On twk a disiiia] ^«fit. Aim MaiOA 
Bassit FaTVAW, their daai^lilcr^ whiy dJc4 Oelr. 
tSlli, 1^1, af«d IN reatft aiul « motiilu. My 
Ml *«B dboH^ mj ml M Umf , J thanli my 
Qd4 b» t«pfc me i^mit. AnddrAsranuH^J^iL, 
tb«(r4i»Qf1ifeer, vbii tyod AnfMt 81^ Ifllt, aeed 

SI WMUf* ™ 



— ^- _„, _ — _ ./ <f 9iBt*^ FSTWiiit INtfn 

Tfvliv t ■■» uA B itaq^len. Ai a iLBSbaad 
and Ihsbcr. moAtt and dil«tflena»c, m a ttead, 
•llmreand bithflil. Hta memory wtil be loof 
ind iflN^il^iat^y clri^rlfficd Irt an who kee^ 
ftloi. AIm of f r Mil, hw lUtiirh- 

I \<HU rjl, 4th,l.vrj. 

, qf < hia wm* tioni 

J Oc4r*, 1W7, ili*>l Pivr, l!>th, 1^39. Axtd ot 
Cmj^ojarTTM Jf^au FiMen, bii danglitef, bara 
iTHi Aqfitft, tnshiSkd Mij mil, less,'' 

«*Hen1l«tb tlw body of *' lTet« HHb j» bodr of 
TKoua M&mtuiBt, Aw, wife of STcnmr 

who dJtfd KOTT* J^ yitTMAM, who tflcd 

letb, nai, agvd ei Febfj* ya Sth, ITM, 

jtan. Al«> biJTi? Ileth air«] fT jvut* She 

yiehncl^af EuxASXTH. Ifft Inue S cMldroa, 

tht wlf? or Hurniw Ann, Iliftb.t and 

ttu^ L-nitL'ii , »he died the Thim, The uid Tao- 

1 1th of ScjJtr.j 1753, mai, died NoTcmr. ye 

aacdlffeiirt.- Htd, 1737, In ye foA 
Tear of hJa age.** 

To Am ini^niory of J^arah, dj»ughUT of Stepm. 
Wvrmui^by E:ilitb..hl9 '2rid wift. who dlc^ joniy, 
ye Stb, 1 711 , igi^ ll» jmn. Also liert Uc» th* body 
Of UAM&iaixi ^ ]jo died 7th 

1771, ag«d es yean. Alio EtUTir., his wtfi^ dlMt 
K«vr, j9 mt, 1780, visd 6« yuan,*' 

^Hera Hit fnterr^ ti>e "Aln Mari, wU^ of 
^"'~ «f KirAAKD Rk-hATil Watera** ((bo 
I, who departed iwt Uleglblc), 
t March the fith, 
Jn»^ In the ilflt ycai" 
efhlBifB." 

"In memory of Ma, Daytd Grr, wlio died Feby* 
iStli. 17M. (ijjriHlfiiTymrn and 11 monthn, Abo 
of Mh». Sarah fiLFniu). yuung^eai ilntiKhtcr of 
t>«Tl.l and Anno Cttiy, who lUed Aptil [nf, Um, 
Njod n yoan. Alto flf Jitttj, UAst Oou*x, eldeit 



> In JDanofy of Miar. Wiij af Jom Haa^ « 
dW June ITlii, ITSfi^ i^ed -- yewL" 



17T»,a«edT4yeiBl.l»d|h 
t^fs, Fca-p»r°« "*••• 



iii HcuiuuiT of niaaWft 

wbo dlt^/vae ya IWi, 11 

|Hiia«3wen> and uM, m. c 
eaivail; Aa I am in 
ty pr^mv to foUor 
^tighter, do not weep, f cm aaC Av^M 
re ailei^p. Bat wb^i I bev Ike tiOfB 
mil, 1 troft in Chriat I abaU be IbaftL' 



. am mnf« ait unit, yoa lii m 

Kty prvpmv to follow me. Over Sm ml 
1 - - - - - - ■ 



here 



Clrt«n- iftb, 1790, 1 



of 
leaofajiTfiilf 
I (iOaiiUa) yean." 



"Saemfl 10 tlie Mcmiiry of^axn SA4%ia% 
boIIderK wbodM T^bnurj Mk,l»U4«e<6 
yeari. Ukewim Apoirarta, 3oo of Ja»(i »< 
Juie fload. vbo dl»d July Itb. IM7, ncedS 
y^ant. If t wait, the ffnfvis jbtw iOWe^^M 
IT ofaa^ IS T«r.* 

*^ b Mmiory of EuxAaEm Lewu^ vbo dtol iW 
leth. mi, aged 90 jvmn. Mm WtUiUiE. k* 
Htuband, who died April lnh« 1^2T, «|al H 



" In If emfliy of JAxn, aoo of Tsoa abd ELtira, 
Hivxi^Rp who died Febnury 1 1th. 1^7, 
ifod S9 ynfl. Go tKutbe, my fripiidst, ana! (tMl 
B« tears, I moit reat be-re till Christ Jin^n 
fflionwii my Ufb, laeg tie my Pcst ; Clmstuiei^ 
me borne wben lie tdi^u^ht b«t.^ 

" Id llnnory of .loaiTii Bkat, wbo died Mv)f p 
4th, 1737, a^ed S9 |«ar». Also. £M«awm, Mi 
Wife, wlio died Oclor »l9t, U&t, agedU|viii. 
Tbej left, faipd oau daDfthter, Am." 

** In Sfemory of Maxr, Wife of JoHvD.M(iCL,fll3dii, 
who died Jaiuy iKt, 17S3; n^cvd « ytwiL Sfct 
tett liaue i koia, vtiu, WCUmh and /oila, JUiti 
ih« iafd JoflJT DjL3irtii^ anm, died Jaisy lAi 
1793, aired ^ yvank Alio, E£UAVCB, 3i«d 
WlJi^oftb« abmrr-oasned John Daniel, mhfi^ 
parted tbia lift Feliry^ ^h, 1803, a^ «T yfflL' 

*< Sacred to theMeniorj'Qf Juhw Dajma^whodid 
April I4ith, IKM. apred 71 ypan. Alao, of iH' 
auf?(4np hia WUiF, who dkd May ittb, lfm,tffii 
16 years. Left fiUTlTfng I Sunand I PwiiBOTl 
And nf 4 Am, Uteir Banshl^r, vha dM^ 
Ind, 1838, and 8S yeara. And alao of $mj^ 
ttiMt their Oiogtiber, who died ^maaMSr IM^ 
iSi^ mg&l H yeara.*' 

** In Hemonr of Vmur I>et?iS, who died Odr. SSii 
IH-M , H^ 47 yisari. Also of A]«ax»T E»tt4i»i 
Son of Che ahore, who died Ati^oat lUt, ISlii 
a^ 1 yeaf sod 9 moatha. Also of Jam^ Eit- 
TQW, Son of the aliore. who died Doer. I7tli, M 
agw) 4 yearii. A&o SaaAH Ajch, Wtftr of Emva 
HiLHaaiT, and liaughter of Ihe abore. whe diet 
Dwr. 7m, I85sr, i««d ira y<jara. Be yealao iwdj/ 



" e*i^ lyeth the body o* 
Joiisi i\'HLca, wlw de- 
parted thix ^ifie April 
ye *mh. 1730, aged fit 
yeari. 

Also (J ChUdren. rk,. 



"Herelyvtbalaoye^balr 
of Euaaactn Jih Wli^ 
who dt^parted thii 01 

KoTT, ye tiil, I7tr, 

Thoutaa* Etixabelh aid 



Thomaii, Mary, EilfabvCli «od OisalwtA, vhi 
itjl died yoang and arc hory'd b«re,' 



ivutad tlilt life Jalj re toth, 1741, *«^1 
ffl. Alio lU2., Hid WUe, de^iAinM thi^ 

DOTf Ctf TBOIUS llOIUDI^, S 1 XK. « WlU dtst 

rt tih, I'nra, ogt^ a;{ j«fi]^ Alw SLUL4' 
bii wife, wlm died April y« 2:md. UM, 
1 ytttii. Abo Sbtot of Uwlr Chmwii, lU 



INSCRIPTIONS m RYE CHtTBCH YARD. 



293 



of TaoMMM Vvvit4U» (till! 
dlid March 4tli. lliSa,*^ 7%jvAi%. 
FmaxMt^ hit WMe, who died Norenib^ 
[841 , mfsed H fCfln^ And >!»> of CuARLat, 
an *)f Jttnh «iH] A?f?f Vrvkaui* wha Hied 
niontJuu 
of tlie 
VfKHALL, wtitf 



Br Stii, 1^37, Agni ^ ytan and 4 ni 
m ^W Miminy'of Twi» Chfldrco 

4MMid JTopir lAd AKM VfKHALL 



i to &e MemoTT of Majio4K«, WHk ef 
u VsHMAUi^ who died Gth AtMTniCi ItMt 
41 jwtmu At» 10 tbe K«doi7 of Avu 
lad iHf' |3BM^len« rU , HxintT, Thqw^s, 
, <aLUmai> WojAut, Jaji», MAStv, Mah- 
tnd Ajiit, wbo died is their liilhncj. 
t€Es>iiVTsit, ^Q of Thontw «od li>rg«r«l 
lU, wlm dM l^li Dn^nnber, lftS9, m|e«t 
n, yttrirlpe to the mtinory of the ilKire- 
I TBOiua VnryuL, who dJ«d 21A M«r, 



Mmh thf!' hoily of Ewe. Bictlkt, 
■italiUT of Ciij>tin. Jajcbh C^i?m*3i, who 
lilith of tM^t^mlKT, urn, »«r«l »6 yeJUTi, 
B^b iattrrryi MAUtJ^nxT, WkLow of Ur. 
JLM Hu[aF[£ij>> wluidlailJcilrsreSth, I76D, 
)3 ]nwr», iie:r« Ueth tiia bodjr vf Qjia- 
CAmuM, who di(p«rtBd thit IU& »h« ttU of 
Rbir, I7S3, ^id Sinsn. fliifl VH tlst«r 
rsnvE Ifprtiiiftnd Widow of John Bttiklej 
Octuwl CUnuiL Hem Ua tntarM Sarah, 
If Mr. MATTttnr Moow,«lio died AprQ ¥« 
LTH, ««i!d f» j«an. Al» befe Uetb t&e 
?f Mr* A^EAKAif Moami j be died D«cr. ye 
1TT4, aged t^r) yejin." 

■QOnr «r WllAT4]f EDWAItM* wlw dteil 
,^ SWi* two, «((«d 6t! xeAra. Also Eliia- 
Wbo dt«d F«bffT. idth, 1809." (tlie rest 
■4 



I to thti mttAmj nf the Retd. Tbo»« 
ST/who ikptirtn] tMi lift DHeraber nelir 
•tf«Ml tH yPiirs, 'Bl«a«d ■« tlie d«id 

i ilk to the UfnX, for thej rent from thcdr 
r»* widllidr wi>r1c»do MI0W tlieiii.' Re> 
joj, Fhjip. Ht ¥er> i3. Aln^nt Mawt, n*llct 
jibon-^ who deponed thu ttiu April 3 lit, 
A^ed GJ jrcwfl." 

iiorj of TuowAi Barebr, who departed 
te MuKh 4th, Itf^T.agQd «1 jetn/'~-CTh« 
lUle^bleO 

s memofy of lifAaT, yi wife of ITiLJJI. 
» lUojiCtitorof Rjibt. Aod Hnrj Pe&rco, wlia 
Jjiy je iHnJ, ]7aH^ ngtd S^ yearn. Wl)»t 
lUt^v^Ti, tliou ciuut tiat<^. Wbeti thoti 
rw icift* caTijft ninkf? ; All liofra frtmri Ujimj 
; When thoo dlvlut Kiire it, it was tlihip " 
B«t«aiiergroiiea>. 



le (the fljut two Itnfaitlc- 
-* A»ir^ wlflj «f David Gut; In Iwr 
tlmofB Itfti in-Ddeut ud eiciiipliiFy 



An aChrl^an ...... ^Mexttoiptoorclkf^ 

T« whom «he XocMeU m Ymr Klnfp and nads bii 
precipt h*r »tady and dd%f]t. Herdflflf wofdt r 
' 1 know on whom I hAv« btrliered . , , with UAs 
ray lAni^uliI ipuiia faint, Aiul fkin would br at 
rbtt. Qh, tet tEi« «tit«f thoM; mcftfl ««tc,wher« 
aA«r all the TotI of im Daginf sa flrerlaatltig 
SabbatH.' $tae died on tlie Lord't Day morning, 
Febry. 17, l?4f. ivs«d if, and IvA Ittna oqa wn 
and fear daafti&en. Her dtetriKted JlndbHid 
tiveimA Hdi KotM! aa a trtlHita v«ti dna |« lier 
plom nmimj.'' — Only lindblt^ partdf in taiaertp* 
tjuit, ** En thi* town, hi the year ITIH . . , JmMM 

CuiuMtMAii" (remaluikf wboHy Ul^bfa!). 
" Thta fftoise it erected t& Hm 10010013^ df Boasirr 



** Saered to the menory of GmmsK GsAmAKi who 
deiMrled thb Ufe the ]«tb day of Febmarr, ISS^ 
flCvd 91 yeara. Alao of Sit Adt, lila wift, irl» died 
Febry. Uch, t»4», a«td m yean/' 

'* In tfleidoi7 of Johw Dino, vlu> dlad AprQ ye Itfap 
nrf, acMi (iik^tbie) yean. Al» of IUrt, hia 
•ec«Qd wlf^ w)»o died (in«eible) 1?78, ttfoit Cd 



^ Sacivl (o the memorT of Otoaot Kimvn {xur- 
Kc<ni), who iUed mrch IQlb, IBM, ifea M 
yean.'' 

" In memory of Sarih, the wife of WiUJAir FaLo* 
(cff the Jolly Sailor^ CariUTbufy), who departed 
thin IWn ?4eptr, 'MK l^'tT, xifed 49 yean» Lear- 
loK L»sne <I cluldrcn , v^, , M'ULIaiu, Sanli, Thoauu 
Aim, Harrtel. and Thamnn," 

"flacrcd to the ra*raQcy of DoiwFnit, wlfs «f Wil- 
LtJkU CdArrfeRTox, who fUed 2tth C)tU^eK'r. iHiH^ 
agcil 4^2 yi&&rs. AIm to JA^nt ami xVlArtir, tbeir 
daiLj^hten, who died to thdr InCifff'y. Left ^iir- 
Tlrinn one HO and one daiiicbter. Aim of the 
above-named Wiluam CiiAtT£inn,>>i. who dji^l 
the i5th Pelify., IM^t aitml 72 ycun. ' Let me 
die th« death of lh« righteoui, and let niy laac 
emlbeUkohlB.'"' 

" Here Ilea the body of WnxiAif Tuorpk, and Am*, 
hid wtri;« and Awk, their daufflitfr. He died 
I3th June, I tm, Agf^ 42. Ann, tlit'lr t\MnghttF, 
died Horr, «th, I7afl, a^ m. aJuo Jiere Ueth 
the body of EuiAiimi, the seconit wife of th« 
aheTCt and Wu^i^un " (thu rent under ^ottod). 

" SacKd to the tnemory of ^aaad, wU^ of OmtaK 
Ffcrii ' ji , who died June ^«nl, lfia«, aged 89 
yoBjr*. Alao of the aboTB^nwned GaoRue P*t- 
TVTT, who iUed October ttb, ISM, ^ed «1 jeare." 

*' tn hope of a jt^yfull Remireetlon^ Here lies" (tho 
rest illegible)^ 

" Sai?rud to the mttavry of Jajoi Si^eftiux, who 

(while [Q the eserdM of hli biidneia) on (be 9th 
Febfy., iwl. jmddenly exchanged worldi, aged 
70< yean. Great God, on whit a iSender thr^, 
hang orerlaatlng thhsga. Alao to Ihe mcatiory of 
AnK Hahia, hU wlic, who died Sep^iemb^ ^i>th, 
IMft, at^l 63 yean. Ye that would learn her 
wcirth wjio «]»'(i<i Ijelov, Read vlrtos'i pifea 
throti|irh ffma pud to end, Lediire not a word un- 
mark'd, and then will know, The ftrtoet that 
AflDTD'A a ralticd friend,"' 

" In SiffTDory of Joa}i Ruftii;. lute Master Martoer 
of tMi» port, who died on txHird Oie iloop, Umt^itf 




294 



INSCRIPTIONS IN RYE CHURCH YARD- 



tn ttteDcnFBft, fSMk lf«r?b, 1^03^ wed il fmui, 
Jeailfig a widbv siid aeTeri] cMldrea la lajnenl 
lUt Icm AliD, Sjluh. UIs Wl^ (vlio died it 

* In MAnwrr of Divm Ettfcxirrr, Suitt.. wl^ d«- 
imrted mtMt Oetr* 3Ali, 1700, wed K Tun." 
Od the otiMTfiteor tli»ti«iaB ;—*^en t^^/ttk 
the rein^dM of Mart fiiUiAirr, Widow, Sivter vl 
ClW Mid Dvrid Espenett, Sear., vbo dS«! Afiril 
I9th, Um, ^ed M yw3,- 

" ^m»d Atfi tbe d«d vtio dk Ln tlie Lnnl.) lo 
Mmaarf of ELti^tna, WUfe ei I>avi& liUi'smrr, 
late of tliJa iiaiUh. vbo difd l^tli AprU, ITMt, 
Mped IS von. Maa^ of Datid, Uieir Soii„ wlw 

otbcrr Ale of tb« ttoix :— " Id Mxmorf of MjiitT, 
DavKtilef of II Ant HfLLAKV, W1dc»w cif JAmm 
SrqKRAV, irlio depftrteO Uiijilitp ISJiJi July, imA, 
igixl i 7 years. Left a un-lirjniir <^ »3ina u»d I daugh- 
ter, via., UmrUI, Jmiu^ Jc»;« aiut Hath.'* 



" tn Mfinory of fturu, Wiflp of J*md Himicll, who 
dt«d Dececntier 1£(li, ISSe, i««d SS yeu*. L#lt 
vorrlYtn? 1 tun and 1 daa^ter, Tia., J«i>e and 
RmrliaeL ' B^e^ad are the poor la iplrli. ftir 
tJieln bi the kluplwn wf hcavea/ Abo, of the 
aboTe>OMai««i j^ut^ llfiMtu. <of tiii» (lUcif « Ship- 
leader), wbo dlod June SiOi^ IN 7, a^ 70 
year*." 




** In Menicii7 of Thoka* C^Ami, who died July 
Sftnl, 18»7» aurtd XT yoar*. Also of Ifaiicf , tab 
Wlfc» who dl«d Deer. 14th, 1M4, aged ai yisar*.^ 

•• In MemoTf of Wiiai4k Eujenpes, Srwr.. *hD 
departed this life the iHth day of Apri], 1700, 
tkm^\ G^ year*. AJi*.i Mbhci, his WiJit, who (lied 
the iud day of lv?cr, 1701, aged W yearty Like- 
wtH Ann, tbdrDauffhCeriWliudkd— '*(tlie rml 
iUegtble.) 

■* Sacr«d to the Bdemorr of Wtluui Eiuvmim, 
Soil Df Ju. and ElUbth. Ellenden, who died 
ApHl Iftth* 1«35, iig«^ 37 years. 'The ffiom 
tiotaeld him healthy and rlj^nMui, In Manhood'i 
p]1nie,lHit nlRht, unprcypitioiu night, VdJ^d bi 
sutttn^ «at9Jest gloom, Khudng her SmaSlvet 
■id te ffoide liu woary litepfi, bebdd bira. 
8tr«teh<d la that drejid Cav Ity pale and U&leH, 
TImb Son beloT'd^ Brother dear, and FaBriot true, 
The fiH whlc-h Burronndj l]i« Gnuid Tower of 
Pymcfanrch*' Al»o of the alHJve-naraed Euxa- 
BZTB, who died Janry. Alt%, ISl^, i^ed «? yean. 
Alw of the abome-named James, woo dkd l£ai^ 
14th, 1847, aged 7ft year*," 

■* EFK'ted to the Memory of FLtauiETH. Wlfb of 
lEicuAf£& IlEATd, who dJwi Msy aiat, iflflf , n^td 
iU) yearn. Aiao, of the abure-fiAfned Ricuaiid 
HfATU, wbo die4 Miircli 4th, 1^4. atfinl flS yearn. 
And of KidUiJiD, thdr Son, who died Jtmo lUth, 



1129, I 

wlb dM J«J./l«lh. liiU t^ed m yewn, 
alM of ^ Craumasr who died In theLr Inl 
I^ft iQTTiTriog if S(m» awl S Daqishbrrt, ' 
Henry, Edward Jatnea, Mary. EHlxa, Chark 
!sarah ^rin, Khoda, aod EiUabeth.'' 

* Sleeted 10 tlMlbaory of JAMpa Huxia, Stoae 
maien, of thli town, who died Oct. lOtb, I7S7, 
ued 47 yejtTB. Alio, to lUaT. hli Wife, wlio 
(UiHl Hwr. 34Hh, 1 7^^. 4g«d 4S yenn^ Tljey it4t 
Im« two Sons and twa|3ai3jrhten,vU, Ldanard, 
WUUmd , etiabeth , and 5«rab.^ 

* In ICenrary of Tiiodna Jawo, of lW» farijiK, wIkj 
died Septa- ye Mr 1763, a^l &* i 
SmAflwan, hit Wife, who dk?d A 

ued 77 yeaVft, Alao, naai' thla p:.. ( 

im CbUdien {rit.}, J^cht Baiax t i 

tiatait^Koir. ye tnd, 1731 s Also M i 

Jaaiy. y« 17th,l73l,agedSyfmm a: 
who dk^ Ifareh ye S4tli, 174^, jkc4 l'^ -.. j^ » ; 
AlH, Taoicta^ wtio dted Umj ye «tb, HM., o^r.l 
f7j - 



" Only t^emember thai yua ani u ■tnmgei* ia Hm 

eartt." 
** In Mamoiy of Jobm " In Mimustj of &BiJi 

llAnstiL,wliodiedUtii *" 

Deer, liKK iwed n 

yean. Alao hitSoci, 

WnxuM TDOHaa^who 

diediethSi 

ag^ fimonl 

e:urTlvfDg 



moifaa^wlui l£i-»a 

3eptr, UW, d£od tOt 

mthiL Left wed 31 

a wife and 



Axsr 

diedZfudAttSN^lSQ^ 
ag^ t ynui. Aim 

■ ItOth June, ir " 



iMO^l 



" Saorcd to the Memory of Juditb Alh^, D^ogll- 
terof Willi Alt Hud MASt Cotsahah, Wlfc ol 
EoBSKT Alcb, who died Hay S4th, Ji«Si, «c^ 
SJSyean." 

** Sien?d to the Meinory of Uaxf OonaMM, 
Daughter of John and Sarah fUye«« Wi%af 
WUIlam Qstharan, who di^d February »th, ISIC^ 
afed 5ft yean. Left lj»tie 3 Baai^hte^ fit, 
Mary Haye«, Jaue and Judith. Alio of Ihe laU 
WiLuaM ConunaH, who died Jnly tOlJi, 1^6^, 
Mgcd BO yearsv" 

«4 Safcred lo the Wemmj of Wttt^tAH DnmLiui. 
Son of Wtllam and Mary Cothanin, who died 
]|ari;^h *lh, 179fi, ajEed » year*. Aliw dwn- 
l^oTTBt lUtiif htw of WdlJain and Mary Cothanui, 
whn lUwi an lofoDt, Jaory. and, 17W.* (Venc* 
nibble.) 

** Sacred to Oie Memory of Itamia, Wlfr of Jomi 
Rktnolm, and Danxhter of WtHiun aod Jfai? 
Cotharvn, who 4ie]Miru<d thla life July iOC^ 
lftDft,a«wi»rEiira'* (Verses UlesiTd*.) 

Thm Headabnea^s the ioai^ptloiu on whkita are 

wholly illegible. 



» At the SiMLth-EA^L mrncr of the Chnrch Yard, a fbw yards (hip) the Onn-Ksrdm CsnErMiraw, and en 
' ' ~ ' ' ■■■in uU\ anil niLitilated Kmibftoae.OD wliteh iHDiy beiodlitinctly dlacemAdartideoalBBj 

I i'ri;^i:it ill it, while ail that la I^Mts an the atUme are thew £ew words t " Itary. tba 
1 17— ."^ Ttdi 19 the cndy reoord of a etiignkr ocoturenco which happenod In thti 
> hundred yean ago. Anyone aoqnahited with the lotalltiea of ih» mieient 
a Bk{?ieton, aa it were, flf a fery old «id very laree limise, having two ttnaU, 
]5j- Miirhet ?^tnx*t. rina the other on the Wert, into Smitb Ikrtr. Thia wa* om;-* Uie 
FiuAhhig Inn, nu hnjtteJry of sume iitij.iortiuice, when the flmugtclen of Hyn carried on a ft'ee ttiidr with 
tJiat town in tije pure HchJed/im. This houw w now divided hi to two, both facing: Market ^tr&L and tn 
the eaftcfmooat of these the drciimalanc« to which I reftr oceuired. Mary, the wife of , wae 

■altfeet to atteefct of vyjiootie. In one of which hiir vital Cicultlefl wi^ns lO loog au^wided, that h«i Crloodi 



the left luMii'l, fit.k[]<l 
With a fl^nin; ^iiti-i 
"Wife of **— wii 
town, ioine^* 
town muPt h 

' on the tiicrtU 1 



INSCRITTIOSS IN RYE CHURCH YARD. 



295 



; be tA 0«I fin Mf^. fitH-rfbed to tb« Vii^ 

P «f WiLLuJt ll4Tb,itlicr Departed thli Ufii 

1^ n**7, ftC*^ W jreiTi ~ On tb* b««^li j— 

of Eu^unn^ Wift- af WIIHkid 

spaitad tiUB UJb liHir;. ye :11ft, 

"Ben: Us the txidtf of EuMvnVf Widow «f 
WosfKCUq of riAsta». — Oct. — 

' Tta Qtm M^murj Af J^ant C?u>, who dqwrted 
Uiift t^ Ist Jmtt* tmm, Affiti 59 ]r«n. AIM 
Mamt, the Wlj^ of Junes CurfJ. wbo d^wtisd 
liilt mt »ib Mar. 1811, ^ged 63 jewiT (tlie 




j«ed BS j»rv. AlAd, of RAUUonb WuoftwiEtL, 
I>Hnf(}it^r of Tho9, «a<] Wtrnmimil Mlbanretl, 
whii 4]^i>iiTt«l tbli life lotli Ftibrnm?, ntta,«fel 

** SiCfed to thn Meroory of CiiniiTAN. Wife of 

a^^ S^ jenra, Ic^btIhc ]wii» d Sooa and 1 DhiirIi- 
tcr. Al»o«ift:titi AlK>vi>iHin!i«d OiMiaE RmuiL 
attnl 72 y^iin, wha wk« nnlbitiiinlflJy drawneii 
with 5 otben an tbc 31ft Ortr. 1541 ♦ when en- 
deAvouriiiK to pUol the Fnorb tAoait^ J^ftphintj 
InU) Uit* liu-bijur." 

** bk Blemorr »f J4xsf Oof lrt. late of tldi paiif h, 
who departed ttifn h1^ April ;'^ti, IHOO, hi^ JiO 
jviTt, * WHTi r>*U«}i< € fj the lait ho dSd iuataiiL, 
And uiiiTuiur'cl ntjht it whjit tbe Lord lliought 
fit. With Cnriiiiim furt^tu^k- lie did teaigSL, Uli 
Boul ki irdd 111 tlie ftp^i^lnted drne,' Alw), of 
Grace, hli Wiffe.wlso (U'lmrtsl tin* UJb &larcli 
imtti^ Jftll, ajfed 72/e«ri," 

** In meroory of John Kijkg, ofthitTowii.wltiqdScd 
JiUMJ a til, 1WJ3, agiNl 77 y«an. Al» of Eliia- 
aKTu, bit wife, wlia dted June iotli, 1k3^, »ge^ 
77 years, Alto otlStmmA *I Dn^isUy^n of the 
above^ who departed tJiii Itfe a* £ulluw3^— Amv 
KlKO, KorembtfT 1st, !B07, aK(>c| Ifi ycATS. JuHir 
KlhiQ, 59 veil fiUip IMIN, H4^J ti yeam. Elua* 
ifTfl, wife «)f Jou» Oaina, Auguat 'i^lrd, 1 84(0, 
mred H 7»n. And of tlieir graadaoci Jom 
KittQ datrn, who diisd Korvmbs^ fTtli, IBM, 
Aged W yean." 

" Sured to the njemory of John Holt, who de^ 
pam-d thii m> an the mh Deer., ia3«, aged 44 
yean*'* 

**In njcmory of Joli« Holt, who died SOth iTtiJf, 
l«L:i, B«ced flf ytmn. A)«o «r MAitt, hla wiib^ wlu 
dixid IStb June* ISBl, aRed m yean, IravLoff hwu 
1 Son inil » IMiaghteta,Ti]L, John, EtInlKtiiiOfc- 
th(^jiD«, imd Sr«y Ann.*' 

" 3 III' red to the memory of ArtWF»» ttni of Jomr 
*nd CwAiiUHTE CUATTKKT0K, wlio died Octobef 
'iiiM, imi, igeii 7 vftni MTiA 8 inonthi, ♦ Of tucli 
li the Ungdocn of H eit ven / "' •* iiju;n<d 

to the mtmoiy gf tUnowT^ic FwiTER, nlete of 
WIIIUhxi [h>ll *ml CArolhii^ Clutti^rUni, who de* 
partrd ihis life JuDb iHth, lii^l, in the 72n^ year 
of hi?r ««e* liwply beloved and respected hj 
nuineruijft relatiyea and fHcwls. ' Her eon hatn 
gone ili^vn while ic Is |et day/ " 

** BaffBd to the memory of Haknaa SrnAKoa, who 
died April t^Dth, \mA, aRcd 79 years. Alw uf 
WtLLiAM Tnonw Stwawob, her Sua, who di«d 
May UU i^*^* iMfcd 4 St yean.'' 

" Saen^ to the memory ef C a 1101.1 yjs, duquhtej- of 
TnuMjm and Di>*ii Coi4mAs, who dieil April 
a«th^ IMH, iMfed 7 yeari. Altoto CuAiiLgrrBj 
thelrd*u;fliteT, whodVpii Septr. 3»ith., l«4l, afltd 
19 yt-itrsi. Dear ftirnda do not lament our fall, 
For I*ealh wili triuniph over all. If lov** 44nd cai^ 
eould di'uth pri'Vf^nt, Oiif djiya had not w HHm 
bet^n jipeiit. Anil aluo to the niesDOry of lb* 
ahcjve-mimed ToostAd CuLBHAir, wlui dl«l Deer. 

ab« waa dead, and In conncfiuc^c^p the naTM> eiiin« and liUd her l^>rth, and plafe>4l her tn ii 
wrappHl inbefflhroud. Thus she lily uiatlODleM, and to fill Appearunt^ tlead, untLt the Tery 
^ cf the day appointc^t for the fUneral ; prppai-atory to Mih\tih thn »*ven was l«?ln^ heat^. In 
to be baked the vnk^s find meatus for thoie who wivt} expected to attend, when, ta the utter 
rt Mid no amjill aljinn of the penum att^iudiRiE;: the utvn, the hniwlniiry tieeeaM^d uwoKj? from 
mm, 9tevt out of hvr ciiffln, walked down atuih, ami 9%mniHm Jtt tJie uveii n month, helit up 
Iveforv lt> eietalmtnE, " How coUl It ta I " AlWr that ahti Uvcd iom* yean, hut bow many I 
mf^ £k inf. Wm, Helloway, Eay. 



*t& M<9iMf7 of QiptiL Ron. Stomwn, of th« 
llnfpwii] of ItanuHitb. Depleted tbla ItA; Deer. 
Ittk, Itlo, a«id aft. * 

* 5ar»d *»» the Meinonr of HAvaAitRT, Wife of 
Jaubi tUtt^Y, whi> died May 4th, IM^ B|r¥d 
li y«ari. Left ftirvHniz fl Children* Also, of 
jAMVwtbeET Scm« who dttid ut Siu^Tna, May TinA^ 
IMft, a«Bd 30 yvan." 

* itfrrd to the Memory of Sergesnt-M^for Jopk 
iJTiMiA, of %ht NonlLa)iTptoiii2di¥ MUltU. Thla 
il»t WW erected b^ -~ fn teitiniiMiy — neaard 
— aray Hud, 17»T, a«{Dd 43 y«uv.*< 

*ti MffiKffy of MAnoAHET HmnxiL, wbo died 
Mmreb !7tli. IM*, ii|^ 9 wccla. AJao of Rf¥- 
FBttat BvsiTiut, who died Febry SJnd, IfllOt luud 

•^ aeer«d bo the Memory of RirflAKS Dsswia, who 
departied tUatlfe Ffebry IStli, ]Sm, M»d 7] years, 
lino of SAkAB Dmar^ hia Wife, whfi deported 
lMaftf» ti9vr. lllh, lioe, i«ed 7« yeara^ 

* Jomjfi Son of Jojjs and JAira Mjlium 
Qi4»f, dl*d ^ I>iKr, IMJl." 

te Ibe Memory of Jasx UATWAas, Wife 
fl|l«aB» HaywArd, who died June V7ih, IVU, 
'41 yean. Antl«if William RcttKivB, their 
*pt» died April *JlBt, l*ia4, ii^ *i years. 
of EuaAkEm^ who dii»d AukuaI ^:th, 1^14, 
11 woelia. And of Cakwuki;, who lUed 
^ . and, 1INH, efed ^ weeltA. — Twin-bom 
CtMttdreo «r tbe a^vre Thomaa and Jane Hay- 
wud. * This corruptible mojt put on Ineorrop- 
tteo, and tlda mDftaJ moat put on immortality/ 
let CnrluUdana, chap. Ifi, ver. ^. 

"Siirrtd to lb* Memory of Mart A*!t ftmsi, ot 
Umdim^ who ilic^i at Hye the 1 iJth Adgnat. IMfi, 
aiml a A y«ara, Alw €f HA«nir Majuttcp, LTncle 
af the aboYfl, who died 5th March, llJ,V2, a^<d 71 



! I» th* Memory of Aai? ItiTLA^'p, Wife of 
*t Ptitland. of tlilA Town, whode|wrUH| tidi 

Kft Apnl 3rd, 1^:1^, in the 7;>th year of her a^r^. 

AJiQ otthe: above-named SAWirtL Pm^AN©. who 

dep«rt«^t thiJ life Jrehry. ith, 18JS0, in th<^ faih 

year of hia a^,~ 

* iacred to tlie Memory of Tnoiua WnoKWRtL^ 



296 



mscEEPnoNs in rte cumcH yard. 



IMS, 



itt f«b^^ lit?, i«id 1 jiv nlTiiK 






vbo 



tev ie jr alb na«r, tmt m mtEk a& bcmr mm 
mA iHl. tte aw bT ■« cnBath,' 11a£L 



iHl, tte aw bT ■« cnBath,' 11a£L 34 

««ttndl0 tbr 1 

Tcuii lBCi%v a SnAflBd ■■! ff 
mem. bfl^ IgML " In Btaivm tt' 
man larv^ likbit, Ei«l» «Bd ttfaSBflii l« 

di^** fria. To ttnfc thA^ ka Uhm-*ber*ai. 

iMb Mi7i t«tr, «cvd 77 jtmn," 

**lM &cimfiV7<tfJA]iuSiii2T,vlw<lted7tti Aoicvtf 
]«!«, Mvd » jvn- Mitrr* hi* ttit wife, *bo 

la ClKff QHWOiT* &Aicuiui. Ua isnicid wtfe. 



C^ 9 f^Mvil.— »Swcrvl to t^ wcoiarTtir AKit Ood^ 
rsn (M ffaiB Toim}, «l» deprtsl IliiB Ulb 
lianfa fill. lS9t, «CBd M jpflHm. Ako Mjkin 
CidfiriiET, mslliir to lie ' 



CiHdHNr. Tbo d0pt9f«d tlita Ufe HfHT. lOlk, lftl$« 
used U yens Ake Ali»a«««««r,4lHi^ti!rgf 



vteanl DeoQiitnf Ui^ IMK iv^ 70 lt*r$ " 



^ 111 ttuamarf vt QsaitaM. Til«atu Gakt^b^ vbo 
died Jn&r mil. ISSi. «gvd U jwn. AlK fioe 
•Mi irlw died in lite iofiiK^, THta ilfllH It 
erected toa loirtng ftuAiiBd. n kind flttheri and 
^brtkUHte Sub, bx ^lia inoUierp SiwUuB Scul^ 



Tiro li«Ad i%i»i«, tBocriptloiu irvrn »nj^. 



W yie mesiiVT ol Srra-iitN Rjcmwj 
UimcLL, titeuBorJohti Tnlliur^t Mltl^Tl, *2id 
Smh, bit wife. Tbo dkd 3itb J^i^uur. Ij^o, 
mgtd a ]reu» uid « aiontliA, AIjd to the Ucmory 
flf ]ls»itT EmnLkmr JiimcUv wlw died Utb 
MArcli,lStS,ii«eda ' ' 



** Id Mcmnrj of Jjunt Kshqbt, wbo difparlcd tliis 
Jilb Axigt. ye Ttti, 180*1, vpfi m jpttra* * With 
IMitleiKe t& ih(? hRt he 4Lcl ftubtuiu AiitiJ mm- 
piiuied not lit wlmt tbc Lnrd tliou^ht Hi, Hut 
wnt Cbristiui llirtituite ho dJd rcstgu, Mis 6i>ul 
to God St the sijivo'i^t^ ^^^ '" 

" Sftcped to the M*MTJDrT iif Saraii* Wift of Wn^ 
UAJI WmiLLtTT, wl;o tUed Sejitr. S'iiid,, ll?V&t 
■giTtt 44yi'ftnii- -A 350 of 3 OtiUitn. ^Hi., Siren- 
cm, Ahs, and CiMiiiflrr% wim died in tbtif In* 



WtUAUi vlw 



IpQe tif ^ «lfe 



(IteflM&vB- 



inirwt 



^ /of WiLtiJt* TnoiKiiii 

dM SiipCr Mlb, t«ll^ u(4 no 7«n. Ail 

MAtrr. nib vf«9. vi» andittclL ar< ufti« tpi 

" bi Ifcnunr of SiiMMu« Wlfe«riowt Boowi, 
«sd DM^itir of Jaup Mid Sn^Anu ^iao^ 
vlw AM F«lirturr IPtJi. lid*. HBot 87 : 
Alio WiUAfeVt^on of Jobo sBdaoaau 
«1u dkd Mtrdi -iiad. ]§M. ^«i • ( 
Uift JMH ikK Spd and tw« dttOifbttn^ fft^ 
Mtha, Qeawe, m& fl— nni t^inovd to Ibt 
Mchh^ of C4nDltaiii, ABEHvbd Wifc of Jata 
HvgbcA. vbo mtA 39i4 £eptr« I»I7» i#ed II 
ymtt. AliQt y»«e Sam md odr DAs^tter. tton 
Jobs, diid jird Oe1a^« 1»0. ^id I wm^ wm^H 
laoetbsi t:i»VAid> died lotfa Ftbrx, 1il«,icoi 
i iwthit AtEs and E&iwABfr dleA illb ik^tF, 
IftlT, 4iel t «ida. htl% tene t doni uiS 

and Ctaariotia,'' 

" 8acnd to the Hmmtj i^ &nuuncA«. Wift of 
Jamn Fimju vIki dfad oP tlM UM» ofiaST' 
lfi^7» aged ^a f^n:* 

"IiiMfliiioiTof WiuuM SiomAm Bmjummsm 
<if John art Utibtm IWMiyi^iw. of iMi It 
win ^ed Jane 14Ui, IMl. w»i If vttMsai 
nwaOiB Alaoaf tbetrtvobiluiteMLdzieat 
HuttPT. «bo dkd June Itli, ISM ; «iidGai»] 
wbo dkd June Jit^ Idas." 

"Ib IfstKiO' of JiXB DzKun (iBte Seitiia 
tMi t^riib), irbD dkd Ortr ^Atb, 1»33, agvd 
Tf«Tft, leavlQg a vfdffw and S dilldreii to liinniii 
tL«-ir 1dm. aim of J mm ftAjcns., Skn of Jjnn 
■net rnraoei Dmgate, wbo died Febrx iSt^ 
ISdfl, ucd ft na«L In Utsmn of FnAites, 
WIfeofJfliio Dogito, wbo dkd^af 7Lh, liU. 
B««d $7 sfean. AIm, of HABftKarr, tlirlr Liuifb- 
ler» win ittcd Jkhtt. OUi, IBljl, «ffed 2i» ^eaci.'* 

■• Sarnd to tbe Meukorj of Sakak, fb« thM 
Paofbier of Bobekt and Jaxi OoajOAT** «lw 
dkil Dvr. Utb. lda,^«d ITjian^** *E>i»Ui 
bas been Iwn and borne air^« A ^atcr ttna 
our flidc, Jolt h] tb« tnomlm^ of bc^ dari^ Al 
jounff at we, the ilied. We t^nmit li^U vtM 
ii^xt tnny^ ^, BcAeath tb> thflsteBinirred ; One 
mtmi be flrvt, Imt l«t ib en, Pkiqiare to meet our 
God.*' 

'* tn Memory of Eluavktii Boadi, wbe died Aa- 
irapi »1M, iti^. aged fi» tutl" 

^' In Mrmmj cff UttsoLiA H^RTrr. wbo wae an- 
furtiiiuitely dpjwned In liEvi^ [Lav* -- tTca, tupcd 
M yfun* Alto, of JuB^. hb iMtp, win. lili Jmi 
Vab«i,ii] llliiorci,ie»IM. Als 
OmndaDO of tbeaboreHimB^d Johi 
of tbe Citmibfriamd^ who waa li»t 
and crew.l^eptr— ]£kS.a«dl9. Alsu of iit- 
cituLAfl Hajivst, mil]i BnOiIer and mideiit «i 
Rock Oianju-l llouae 3C yean. Katlicr jarilM_ 
ljMt'iuuui?d NlcbolaA. wb5) ^tied iTth C 
Is^tg, agi<4 07. He wat a man i 

utuaAei ted matiDi^r. *^ nprt^bt and t 

ccKmliu^t: »lUj>ilhuslAJSdtaDallectiotuMvi 
and u ptoUB biti bumbte Quriaciau, Um 




WSCBrPTIONS IN EYE CHUBCH TARB. 



297 



V. A«te 



betered, be died lAnemed," 



* ImMaamj' t€ S^ua, Wife of Jonrn Bajux 
^m^td lUsj Tt 17th, urn, to the ««Ui 7»r of 







«f Jam Busa, wlia dMrted tbti 



■* !■ HeaMirj of fiESBCA Wbrx, tMnfffaterof Wn- 

kf litli, IKVl, a««d 4»rHn« Tbiiitoiie wh 

1 17 ber iwo belorad iotiiit Cbulei ftoil 

„ vbi» ■r« kn t« ramest the km of « kind 

iQotb^. *Tlic^ efa^ iuw io 

■Lp In Joj^' FvUm cittL" 

^ ManarT of Euuitrm, Wilt of 
^ tteUmyU, MUCCCXXIX. 
liBft itarpfYtns Ibur ctiildren, 
Ja«!ph. AlEn, and Skrali." 

' ituuHr «ife of Taovju Culre, 
MMllvar. Tc ^^tli, 177^ i«^ 41 j»n. 
kl AeWiliw b«rlMai^stttesL,SQaiQuie«s] 
dill fear to tlifl tpbem, Qm efm tius ruUmt 
Hl&l prolan, Tbro' HctoH tttenopci o# f«ii«. 
FvewcQ, Inlgbt lool, ft abort &ivwtll. Till ve 
di^ saasf ii^ibi iliQ'T?^ In ^e nrici gror^ wbcre 
jhwui.iB dwell, And ins 4xf lifi) Ixar ttuHs of 
lonri Tlicrr iglarf thi aa ennr fiwe, Tbcnn 
MaidAt% sniiles bi ererj «ore, Tbeie ih»ll our 
taigiiiw relate tJ:ie £»», Ttiy sotil « « , liuitie' 
witfd to tbe iky - , , . cUlcgibirK 

" Is memoTf of Tbohu Clakk, w1i« dirpmed CMi 
ttbiv Fetijr, »7th. I^JO, ««rerd 07 jre^ri. Alw mw 
0ll9 f(on« Ik 7 ti# 1^ eMLdj^n, rix.* Thomjum, 

Sut^M. ' Jfl«iu toid. He tlut beUe?iitIi in zoe, 
lfe«wli lie dte, fEt ati&U he iire.'— Joiui c. :xi, t. 
Sib m memory of Joim fAjuw wbo died Jaavf. 
•I0t.« ieo«. H^T. his wlA?, wbo died Septr. Itt, 
UMl Assi FAiut, th^lr ctuiighter, wbo dlad 

kOter. llih, IM&. Makt Curx H«4d, niece 
or tlM Ab«pfti Jottn FuT, whi> <lied Febf* lAtti, 
la mrmarj of Jchix LAciiswcg H41Tvr, wllo 
dMsd Jul) ifilJi,l24it, Ai^] r\i yvmn. Left tot- 
viHri^ {::lji, hk wUSet, and tiuTQ chfldr^n* tIi., 
n >, And Gt'ODirew Ho petb lo tmppliiew 

■ <rt till? I^tijjtief ertemal the rewenL 

■ il ticptemtier f7lb, 1639, aged fi 

j^^iwfr iHiAin am Inm i^««j^.— " Saowd to tlus 
III |BtfB«T7 of RfCaAHD Wbttt&s, Est&E., of QPVMt 
JttBm iJtrwtt, Balfbrd Bqw, London, wlio diwl 
la tbM Town, Jidf 13th, lB2fi, i^ed ^ ^wra." 

"^Stcrvd 10 tbf> memory of Jajci^ PtnLun, wlio 
dtted the tod Spptffinber, IS^Ji, Aged «i ytttun, 
Ldl ittfrtvinpi AJ>n> !iiii w«e. Aiso of Jakw 
FHU&m, their $ou. wliu dlad tlieltli Stiptemticr, 

SArmd (H9 tJn! ini?tiiar7 of Joam Hull, vtio died 
Utli I>w^iii1jc'J-. ITD.^, ag«d fCA jearfl. Aiao AHir 
Itra^ hli wttt, wliDdkil 1 0th July, 183U. «ged )^7 
yean, Tf^ej U:it »iirrl>ing uiic ^ti and ttro 
dMkStlten, vljc., Jody, AnUt And Jatin.'* 

• In Kenwnr of Mabt, uJdrat dangbter of Willi ah 
Dfvs WnTnuiofi, at ^^aliiihtiry. LH^ii 1 iih Do- 
ceailwrt J«^I, ag«d 4<l ycAri. 

**Sse3w) to flu} mtmorj at Wiujjji Bs^acevam 

xin. 



I 



who di«d Kor«mber 30tb, ISJTp §^^ S9 J**"^ 
A1m> Jcijmi, wiib erf tbe (iboT«^ wlio died Mardb, 
27tb, l^^, aced 77 ye&m.'* 

^ Sa£rc4 ta t2» DUsmoTy of Sahab* wiJb of WiLl;tAJC 
KtABiiHtt wbo divi ISth KoTcmttor, 17^1, affod 
37fi;a]^ Alao WixxiAjf. ton of William ttid 
Sar»b Hftimr, wli)c» died 17th Adi^ait, la^, agieii 
*l yeirt. ind by M4aT, liJa aoconil wl^, two 
chJklTen, JoH^ nod 3AM^M^ wbo died is tbefr 



* la mflVDon of Eli£4kftb, wife of WiUJJiii Bm- 
frts^oftblipariik, who died Fifbry Ith, I19&t 
•g«d tS ye&n, learlng lane one khi HAd two 
dAUj¥bt«r9, ilB., TMUiam, Mary Ann, and U*n*Jt. 
WiJiiUAX tiKAZtiK, buflband of tbo pboTQ fOli^ 
iKtti, diedMATcb SQtb, l^inr 



- Sacred 



the meaiory of TfioS£4« Bka^ivk, of 
wbodiecUboStbcif/ ■ ■ — ■ ' 
furty-elghlif yenr of hk age** 



tlib town, wbo diecl tbt* Stb "f Ajjrii, ISOS, in tM 



H^d tbo(b$ quitis illesttilo. 

*' SacTWI to tbe memory of Hajtsai!, thu wife of 
WUMAM QAtvt^ who died Amaart 11 tU, liH^ 
agvit *3 yean. Left Bflnrhijig « haihaad, 4 
Botu and A dAughten. < Hk nKmorr of lite Juit 
liBioiBed."' 

** hi mMsmatj ia UAwt^ wife of TntiXAi Brausk, 
wbo died Umy 7th, 17Jm, b^ 4a yean " 

" In memoTT of Mart, wide of Jaxd Brasikii, 
who died Karch letb, isa<8, a^ed 09 y«uv. Left 
•nrrtvioie one Hn aod two daaghteni, JaiDei^ 
iaix4buCb, and Judith. And also of Jaxb Biu> 
xiEH« who died April IJSth, iSM, B8«d M jnax**" 

" Sact^ to tht memory of LBWti Mektoh, wbo 
died Felity. iSth, im*, aged M yvan. AIm of 
Amkk M£«toiw, Wt wife, wbo died Sfitb Jane, 
1R3'>T xtfbd 80 ytwrii. Alw of two mia kiA three 
dAOfthtera, Ltwia Hauikics Mxetoii, wbo died 
SiTth Janry., 17t^7, mgvd mi yout. EUpAxna 
Mbhtor, wbo diod |«e Janry*, I7f I, a«ed SO 
ywtrt. HjENRt MeNTOiti* wbo diiHl »th Fehfy, 
179^, Jiged 2^ yi'imi. An!«s M^nvotr, who died 
7tb Novi". 17it7, iitfwl 28 yeara, MAiWAim 
NAfiMt limroir, diod afitb Jaiuy., l«Q9, agedST 
yeart," 

** Hero lie the reraabid of TuotiM Mcmoif , wbo 
deiiartod tbi» llfls /Snd Novr,, 1783, agod W 
yeajra.'* 

" iJaor^ (o the mismory of Thoiiaji Masf oh, iCni 
of I^wlfi sni! Ann Utrfoa^ who diad JiuiO Sltht 
WWt t^^i *ft ymnk AM also of Joan Jtaiton, 
Mti of Tbc^mos and Hiuriot Horyotn, Wbo HSmi 
March 1th, 1^21^, DgvHl 10 yean." 

'* Sticw^ to the If erntvy <if ELtaAJicra tCuiTf Ito 
WifB of JAioa Fotnji PwnilitT, wbO died iOtll 
January, 1 647, aged ^ yean . Man, of FttAHca 
y noLn Plomlbt, tbeb* only 3on , who died IWtll 
Septfiiohert 18f«, Aged li moiitba/' 

"to Memory of William Tuova^, Boti of Joint 
and Madla^x Viplkv, and Omndwrn of Jouh 
AmvU, whti dii^ Sth Ot'tohcr, 1S33, a^ lOyvut 
and 8 moatiip*" 

" Sacred to the Memory of Mr, Join* ViPLFir, 
Merchant, who dkU tteiitr. M7tii, ls*l, mgM m 
yeiTi,*' 

*♦ In Memory of Join* AMOif.wbi^ cUi'd 23inl Septr,, 
lUlf, 9^Sr2fita9, Alao^ofAAWK bia Wifls, 

2 p 



VTE CHtmcB TAMD- 









mUm Cte tn^ AhA 3teS 



<rfJ«te^ 



l^tiPw^iP^^fc^ If iri, «itt Iw Afifl Ifte^ 






«rite J 



*ItfM,«lr<a« 



«m«v,taaKcu|' 



Btf«, StfviMe ftvB t i iJj qgi^ 3e» am ttv 







M79 



liNc|yv]via^if'*jLtto to!ft iMfa tt« 



I Sqftr* fflv 






ItSiiL 



' of WnuA> Arta^ «te 



Ib^ nr>*t^ » mm mA 1 li^lHii, tIk^ 






roTOs 



* 1m mnmrj «f bjUMSMp vttt of WiuuM ITcd^ 
Vidkr. vtedM llt^ Mif^ lil«,^piin 



r of Abv Binor, vte ddvd Oeteitar 
'1 vgeA a* jeuiu* 



«r I* 4iv«« mu 



I7». 






IMirf«M^I^ 




< U OH TMii art Ogmmti tin J ' u I sT 



ri7ifc«iaii, 






r. HM, uoil ■cstf n |«a«. 
nn, in «tfi^ «ho «fd 

Svfvd t« Cte msmvT of Am^ ipHi if CAfw^ 



■ eaum,! 






Tlirinvtwowmwdiai 



' Ct f«if». Left iittr- 



C^rtB. AsHH, wte tfM Ortai^ l>lh, ICOi, ^ced 
W3 " 



rix,,Ttiotiw, \ "Siiendttftoi 



IXSCBIPTIONS IN RVE CHURCH YARD. 



299 



Rnat. ilAsii3fa« Sare«on, tod iHiuETiter of 
d^iiL Amm,^ tlUa Tcnm j the cUv^l an tti^s I'tli 
4|«r Of'^onsatier, tRl9. In tfic mHi yvAT ul lutr 

MT pilBB^ mar lieitaeMW can afflict thcQ mi ire. 



\»m 



1 vlU 



r*» t' 



gnat onliuaQalfil, rich^ uu] <h!c, W i 

itq m Ws own pfwlin» blooJ:, All h]- 

Mr, power i»d elory be, Mj Kiivg, iJi) Tricat, my 

Siii1ofiir« *aA njr God,*" 

Vl» il^vteil this life i^n^qat ^^, m«p 4ied M 



i«afMc! 



to the mMMiTf M B^mmm Twmim^ onlr 
If cif G0DKgtt ind Swrnh Freoch^ who dkd 

I ^^in*4 to^ tike meiiiDfir of Jamb, daogtiter of J jjcra 

[ *1v msiuivjr of Ibe Rbt. Samitk^ Dpbjui (Wm- 
hpm miakdiEF} ; Ebrmer ir s IGi^iKuirT tn the 
Wm truUea, vlia depntod tlili Tm Mm^ notli 
lM<t, in the lOtli 71W of Idi «<fe^ He bdng dacd 
f«t ape«k«tb. Ecttdicr, prctHUU to meet thy Ood. 
JUm of t)ia dnsgSilBr of Swanul uid Ixf 
Iraixle^ wl)& died In Inikacj* Hua lioiifl 



trwtwi hy tlip voliuiury «llbrt iif frtends. In me* 
m'jry uf n faUiirol, ^IfcetlooAtA, anil belavud 
Bihifater of the Gya|>el of oor Lord Jwm Christ," 

"Enscted t^i the memtiry of .Tamu Huitisoa 
rVToDlatJii^li^r, l*tc of L^jtiiUitL]!, who departed 
ttu* Ute J pi J I9th, ISOO, agijd 4« yoani^"* (lUi*. 
Klblt^). 

NqhtM (tf f*i C?titi^, 4/ Ift* back ^ iM JWii /fall 

*• In nMnnoTT of Jjutxs H*jfWi, *lin wm tuitorta* 
nAtelf dfuifrni^ In thh hafbour, tbo lltb of 
Jwiiuu7r lAlO, aged 20 jcort." 

"Eneeted by tiie Cnptn. and crewf of the *' Sti^f " 
Ciit-vf , t-> (Ti^? tn..'Tnoiry of QionqK Lloto, who 
<ii r l;ith, iS12,agedS9yi»i^ Stop, 

b . ojut HD eye, For ai yon «iv> io 

or jH'iit ill time, make no delay. For 

I iu iiJLattii WijkS HDHtcb'd awftyt" 

** In raamory of Gmnus Watkbi, who tUed Septr. 
llth, 1B18, af^od 21 years* AIm Jinn, kU aoai. 
wh© dl»d In hlM infiuicy. Se*f, remlcrt now mj 
dtut U«a bem, And f liduro tbu Lrj^d «ppuajf$ 
Blea»'d and lu^ ill wjil be. Who dow pnipai-e 
ttadr God to ie«, lHli atODJO b enacted by Sindi 
Uiwldfiw." 



mSCKIPTIONS IN THE BURYING GROUND OF 
THE BAPTIST CHAPEL, RYE. 



*Tto lb« memotrr of Wiluj^m Crohsemy, who d** 
ftftsa tfaift liAs Janiuiry 2!tth, tS^lT, aged 70 
f«an>. t^ thfl nKiauifT of Mari4 CaijWKXTf 
nifct of WUIiam CroMkuy, who diqMrted tbti 
1^ March aoih, lil0, <i««d 73 yfiara.'^ 

"la OBraory of EuiAafinit wlfc of John Cnou- 
sxv, who <liod June Utlit 18(M, aged 40 yeui, 
Alw of the abon-n«Qvd John Qumitxst who 
died HAy Uth, 18», aged &G years." 

"Im Dtttnoi? of JoitiJi HnJkJiB* nb of WlUtam 
■Od Locy UyLiDri, wlio died March fltli, 182«, 
M«^ i* ye»rf. And of their pvidaon, Wiudut 
BoHWBOWt iOA of Thoqias and fCath BobertaoQ, 
wfaA diedMaRli iiOth, iSj^d, af^ » ]r«an.-' 

■& racoiery of Aah Catav, who departed titia 
Mfr Mjiy mh. ISua, ag«d «i jeftra." 

" To the memiiry of Josx Gooxz, who dlod Ifareli 
letli, itf^i a^ Bl yean. JJw to th<} niDiuoi^ 
off Ami CoQKS, tUa wtft, who died DecetubHr !i!nii, 
ISM, aged TO y«arft, Alao of John thotr «ldeat 



ion, who died j«niurr I4th| I^fi, a^ad 49 
jein." 

** *r9 the m«mnnr of Tnoius Mooime Coou, who 
died Octolwr 'im\\^ im\^ ag^ m yeara. Lett 
aorvlvlng' Jane, bis irlib^ aiif] tlirtid ehlidiisn, ria., 
Sdfah, TbocMat and Aim, Aloo to tlio memory of 
ft son aanied Joen , who died on the €tb SeptciU' 
bar, i^-iO, a^ 1 yvar And S montlu." 

" tn memory nf— " (Qlegf blc}. 

'^ In racrmory of TboMah^ aoa of HcMiit and Jakb 
IlAJivar, wliQ died Feby. istb^ Hj'ii}, aj^«a L8 
nirmtbt. Alio of i^cucouR tliebr SQ^, who died 
July 4th, Id^T, dgttl ff niontha. AliodfGaojitt^ 
ti:i^ A4/n, who died Foby. 3i^ IWk^ a«ed U 
yeara." 

'' la nusmoiy of SorsiJL, dAo^gjitfif of D^vcs and 
3oreiA iSt^troAJi ; flbu tiled SOUi H&rdt, 1837, 
affed 6 nioatEifl onjd ^ wt^cbJ, Alao of Mjukmlmbt 
{S\x^%\s.\^ of Jamb and Jam*) Uaiuun, who 
dlud suth MiirLTb, leMt, in the :jOUi yi^ of \im 
p^. ' Thfi riaing morning ii^aa't fmaiet Thai wt 
abiUendthtdAy/'* 

2p2 



300 



IKSClOTnONS IN THE BURYING GKOUHD 






Ctek^ vte «rt Ccv. 1^ lt«7.«iid *i fttfi. 




ti li«ii^* fMkv» t ilM B^ ivirit DSL 







*SmcivA to InB 



df ttoVMB 



: A^A Kb, ISO, i«ii «l nn Al»o of 

•»«. kto vtftk vtoiM Dm. iMw tiCI.«evd 

WiM* — -' * 




r of £&«A«lk. Ku or t:^ 







' tf JMnUu^knlMr of Jamb mi 

mini, «^ jbifllipill 1«^ IHl. Aa«l 

lSTC«n. JcvMiva Bite a4t^ bi^rU 

IHB v^ bnd, Aai ttnttw my Idb <we mn^Oj 



"^■ C Ba t ygfliAM Cbet, wti« died Oe&, tttti, 

*< Btt* Mfc 7* Mlj «f JA»i, Ite MB of GkuKB 
HbA HMOttB Winft— Hfl dflpwteA tHH lUb 

or 1I4IIT Swux, bli wlf^wl»o deputed gila litb 
Afifl Ufa, ITtfiv Vs« 79 7«KS. 

*1d mmnvT Qi* WiLLLui STOnzD, wbo deMitcd 
tfall lift JI*J lift. !!«)», ifll^ «l "- 



iteO. wi» died Oetr, IS^ I7!i^ Jkged A] jmi*.*^ 

Mgund to Uk« memory of Lb« RwiJ. Taottlji 
PtFBDT, wlio (during & pt^iiod of 60 foartj (Wtli- 
fkillr diidivitd t2i« daa«a ot « CbrlstiiH Futor» 



inrer tJu! Baptist Cbureb M tlili towll« «tiit IMl 
Fc*T-^ lSt7» In tfae 90th yew of Wi iip,^*r- ■ 
^Ilie dneucd left torrivEofr Tbrnau, faii i 
«iid » cbil4]m of the «|d lliamiM, ^Mxt^l 
tliomM, Smb, Hiriuuie, Sosuiubt Zem^l 
Cliarlolte. LqiiI% Cjvtia, and C1uiHM.-'ir«rtl^ I 
—In isem«7 of S^kla <d«agbter of Uw Krvo.. J 
^wBk TttTvsrr, of Ui£ Oiiiint}r of NorftOk) wtfhij 
of tb« H«v± HwaOM Pqi^,. who dkd tdcbj 
Niw. in4, agnd U ftMM. Im «f imr oTImfI 
chiMrm, TWct, FriKflta, Pbain, Smli, j 



'^ Is mcEinorT af Ex.tKAMinnii wife Of TttQiiJ' ] 
Ji««d i» jfliw, Ic^ling twifl sr aaoaiiBd ft tf—-^ 



* Swnd to thp menwifT of Joic™ drsPHmt »ti 
died April Ilih, l!<3:f , a^ 1^ jeart.- 



"In 



tS^j^ dfipartod llilt m llifln^ I 



ATtod Hilt m Haxeb iiL II 

Lisft isioo one na »a I 

rlt-t Bei^fuiLlii, M1U7. and Jbiku Aliol 

tiBiEKQd Bemjuiun her mOt vbo de^ I 

tbl» Uls Slit November, ISIO, ««eiJ U] 

Jua SKmi, lute of Betuenn, IBSa." 



} mori. In thii VatiJt *f¥ ib« J..,. ._ , 

pf WlULMI. aOD of JOUTB Uld a4KAH HlUA. J 

He di«d fith Maf« IfeS, a^^ 2S r^*^ i™^! 
of ILutautfTp lil» diraibter. The iff ' 
mrdvan «re Sinb, fait w^ and two cblli 
vldct, UdoL Max^, WlUlam Owed HQb. 
of Astn, diufater of tin albrenM Jt 
and Sanb, vfft of Tmoua Baskt, «r]^ 1 
*l*l July, 1894, a«d -r«art,» West. "13*1 
HHrafiix ^ Bavid Stovham^ wbo di«d Honvi 
S^rd, 1^18, tai th« §Oth veir of hk age. 'Ito] 
looked fbr « dt? wbkb Imtli ftmodat) 
^boaa Builder and Maktr b Qod/" Jr^^rtk;] 
*' In a»«mac|^of Aiau« daagbter of Dwrtd 1 
H wnnt Staadum, vbo died Hay 34lii, U 
aped Ifi ran. AM tlm of JoRW FAftft j 
I i49tonEu» SmiiBAjr* vbo dlt4 In b 
. , , bai^ eteroltf . VerfOcdtatllAl 
I d«a$b of Jbccka J^j^oarjuM, on tbe >lb. J 

Mu«kAOT. wifb of Dnvld 8i<iabam» wbo dieA] 
S^. jVtm 1135, ag«l b:^ yisMi^ Sbo Vfift mfwf 
Ttv^ aix dau^btm^ rliLt Maricari't. Sarab»l 
HajTVtt, ffllaabetb. Jcmtma, and Nauiot Hm] 
yttm twri, tlidkiwlj mlod, man ham a UeM 

" An d!bctSon«ce P*reni and bis {ocms?} 
cbUd bcr^repou until the fiir^^t Bc*i 
mam. J^MBi bfTDJinAH, wiw dk'd l^itb SiSte^l 
17^, aeed M yean, ne left mmrlving Ha^l 
hbirtlbaiidScliildrm, TU^^Dniid, Jvinea^Jcaia^ 
Samb* and Satk Sarab dkd 2od K^m-,. ITvl 
«aed 30 " 




■* In memory of Haxv An» vtlfa of Euxamd Wkbism 
BviiiiM, CSwiswo. oftbia iown>,wbo dt«dDe«c» 
3itb,17ffT«a«idi8je«n And al»» of Raos^ 
bto »»iid vlie>, wbo died Jwunf, IStb, iei4 
i^gsd 49 jeanh" 

" In sbemofT of Eicbamd WmHn BrriiEft, iate 
ram. of tbli town, wbo dl«d Much 8tb,l&l2, 



■^ In BwiDOTj of Hast, vtib of Joon LAW— 
Tbo 4li;piurted tbis m Junfi 39tb , taoA, 1 „ 
46 yeara* Also of Xhe aboTe-osmed Jogn tiw" 



OF THE BAPTIST CHAPEL, KYE. 



301 



.who deptftedthis lift May 13th, 1848, 

aged 84 jean." 

' In memory of Am, wife of John Brm, (mari- 
wr),wlio died 13th Ifarch, 1806, agod 63 yean. 
She left BamTing four sons, yldct, John, Thomas, 
WaUam, and James. Also are deposited here 
fhe remains of Aw, daughter of Johm and Amr 
Bma, who died 13th Juie. 1796, aged 33 years. 
LikeviBe Hamt and Bnjaioif , who died hi their 
tnfkiM'y.** 

" Tb the memory of Johh TAKsnT, who died the 
Mh of Jfay, 1838, aged 75 years. Also Mxrct, 
his wife, who died the 18th of September, 1831, 
ayed €6 years. Also Ricbakd Tamsxit, son of ^ 
tlie above, who died the 8th of June, 1823, aged 
1ft years. Also ELUABvrH Tamsett, daughter 
of the above, who died the 16th of August, 1831, 
aged 31 yean. Nothing disturbs the peace oar 
•ools enjoy." Foot Stone. **EuxABrrHTAMsnT. 
God hath ddlvered my soul from death, mine 
eyes tnm tears, and my feet from fldUng.** 

"To the memory of ELUABRHTAacBRT, spinster, 
who died the 5Ch of June. 1830, aged 65 yean. 
Even so them which sleep in Jesus, will Qod 
tains with hhn." 



"To the memory of Jomr Rooebs, who diod 
August 1 9th, 1807, aged 67 yoan. Left surviv- 
ing a widow, 3 sons, and 3 danghtcn, viz., John, 
William, James, Rebecca, and Ann.** 

** In memory of Cathxrihe Pbarch, spinster, who 
departed this lifo the »th April, 1817, aged — 
yean." 

** To the memory of Wilu am Caret, who departed 
this life February 15th, 1847, aged 49 years. 
Also Daughter of the deceased, Cakoline Gabet, 
died January 8th, 1849, aged 30 yean." 

" In memory of Rebecca, daughter of TnoxAS and 
Ann Wall, who departed this Ufb November 1st, 
1H53. Wliy was I made to hear thy voice. And 
enter while there's room. When thousands malco 
a wretched choice. And rather starve than come. 
Twas the same love that spread the feast, That 
sweetly forced me in. Else I had still refoied to 
taste. And pcrish'd hi my sin." 

** Sacred to the memory of Jomc DAinxL, who died 
December 3rd, 1848, aged 70 yean. Left sur- 
viving Hannah, his wife, and John, his son. A 
Lover of Truth." 



MONUMENTAL ENSCRIPTIONS, 
EAST BLATCHIKGTON. 

OdanniHicATSLD bt the IIev. R, N. Dennis, Rect^ 




of ICw. M AKV EnM, Wtm or Jolm 



Ate i^lUnt v^ ^ Llmc««4 Qmm>w Wat- 
■BK» SJI^ Ml fMwtaMgbleryl^Qliii «D(| MwT 
KliW. «r tftli pwiilk, vlio difld ai SlaiielicHw, 
]3»f«k ElM l)«k or Jumaf7« IHM, a^tiUyma. 

«ii Jmli HJi, tSSS, «f«l Ujvtn.^ 

oT Tlw KvT. JooM Ijtmv^ wwmMi 

«r tMi p«rtil^ vho ^led^ll Uie 

am latbeTftb ytmr of 

fMroflnrii**'^ 




** Mr* Udb tfac boitr of WiLUAii t^frm, liie «r 
B^iiHiiliilil «^ depvted Uili life Octr. Slit, 

**Al»1haMri>rNAiaKt.hl«vllB, vlwdioillUT 

r «i M^ M&nr Aini Cuiui, who 4^- 

I EawjJkok, »n of Lt,-C3nl. 
_V Mtli Ik^.. «id Elk*, iu 

»ln wiWiefy of Jam ALno. 1«ie Fairler-Ed^Di' 

uTiteMr - - - 



«4li^ alod itb of Del 



m mtT' 14% ]si]« ^id ^ jwi."- ^ 



** H«» ll« Intwrad flio reffiJtot flriLUTH.p wift of 
Wlllh. Wutih, Smv%. in Um Dn-bj B«ct^, vbo 
diptrtid tbfi 1^ Mwcli Mb, 1789, to ber 41it 

€m S§ad^m$* at ikt Wut E^d ^ (Ac T*iw. 

*lntii«tnOTif of Wiij^AX Yiimss^ who <l«|»«rted 
t^ Uft $«^t iTtH, lEJOS, oeod ttl jTAn." 

^ To tha tncniciry uT Euuwm Wussa. who de- 
pvtod thk Ule iuM i8Lb, I8S«I, ■£»] 70 y^mw." 



" To th# tuniiDrr of Ja«5< Wuesit, wl» dq 
** Al» iif 6UAA11, M» wnb, w^ d^ Mm^ 

-^ To Obe JXMVlKItT 4f Itll. JOOV WQ401I, lltll 

Filfkk, wh« aied Aogoit Sim., V^ 4 



who daed Oe«««r aoilw IRM^ tlQBd 11 }W 

"Alio of Jomr Wil«o*, ma of J*:^ ul 

WHtoo, who <Ued Jobuair 10tt» IJB«| 4 



** Socfed to the mi^mury c^ ITh. Iteui i 
B»OM, who ai<j<l AprH lit, I83t» ««itf » 

** AfM of Ajtki^ the Wlfi^of TtwBH Fbrtoi J 
Who died Jnoe aith, l«i^ opd fi jma* 



"To th« 0101107 of Mast, vUe of Ml Sy 

9U£a, vhe doputed UibUfeJitnurf fifc, 

of tb« Aboire-iiAjaea Sakukl »eacx,H 
pirted tbktfft Kott. 3«ili, 2^i»»^ffed iOjV 

>* In maaary of E&w^au BiLuizt^ wte 4 
i^pdl, IBM. ««ed le r«AfA,^ 

" iB BwaMwy of Jom DnnMig,lrtt amiM* J 
of tlM SMSODd Somenefi 110X0% wbt d« 

tidfUfe M^r art, iso7» «g«d is jw».* 

" Sociwlto tlM mcnotY of the Retb, K^m 
HiHSRT DiXMUi^ Who drtwled thfe f " 
ith« laSfi, Hgod 70 jretn,^ • 

** Joax BxAir dJ«d Much tai, UU, 
Mart Bujf, Wife of Uie Ahov«, 




'* SftcriQd to tli£ toeiDory of CAXvamn^Hl 
W lUJAM li?irru?i, Scr^,*iii4cir, Sod litli 
Kcgt, of Fwt, who diod Annual Idth, Hi 
the Mth j««i- of heir «ge." 

" To ttie iii«au3i7 of liur Hutkb, wtio ^ 
Septr., ISJtt.ngedSujom/^ 

" StcFBur RuKrr, FilrAte of Ibe llih Bh$ 
of li^bl DnutiQiiB, who dfpwtAd tli^U 
ninlh diijr of lljv, l«Oi, Id the iHh nir I 

Then li iaotlier hoAd atci^ on th« northi 
the ^borch, tho fiiKJlptim oa wtikJi la aot 
legible. 



I For OD «ccoiuke oltho Staa ^mll?- «« toJ. ^., p^. ^m, do(c ». 




CONTENTS, 



pitijil in SasBcl. 
, ■fy IncuMboaU of RoLhorfield. 
jOroig^eap, nt^r Brighton. 
rFhA Uml& Family. 

[indent IntermotitA Ai HiLHtinj7«. 
SSowex TradeBmen'tt Tokens of fcbo 
I7lh Cent or J, 
Umtf f(»und in Boat Bktchiiiffton 



m 



10. Origin of the Family of Covert. 

11. Biigiiton eighty yenri ago, 

12. Th*j Blont PftmUy. 

13. Promas of King Edward VI. 

BUBSflX. 

1-1. Sir Thomafl Honcago'ji Pmyor-book* 

15. Annei^tion of Buttoti Cliurci to Soa- 

ford. 

16. Goilectioii« for a "Bihllothocft Sdft- 



1, Famii^f of Wifott 

Mr« Gibboo, in hb elaborate and valuable paper on the subject of the 
iicalions of Churcliea and Chiipela in West Sussex in our last volurae, 
t been led, when speaking of ** the ancient femily of Wyatt, of Felpham 
I Aldingboimie'^ (pp. 90 and 98). into two trifling maccuracies, which 
ftbtleas he will not be (Jispleaaed to see corrected. 

I. Mchard Wyatt, of Courtwick, in Lyratnster, Sheriff of the County ia 

II, was not directly descended from tlie Hector of Slindon of the same 
lues, who died in 1508 ; but from his contemporary, and (in all probability) 
wman, Thomas Wyatt, of Flansham, in the neighbouring |>ariah of 
Ipham, whose name appears in the Uolt of " Sussex Gentry in 1588,'* 
a contributor towards the rate -in- aid levied for the purpose of defending 
lg]and against the Spanish Armada — (See B^^sex Archaolo^iml Colleeliana^ 
L I., p. 34), 

S. The presentation of Richard Wyatt to the Rectory of Slindon waa not 
de in 1556, but bears date October 20tb, 1533, as is shown by an 
fy in the Lambeth llegistry. This appointment is interesting, as being 
aer the first, or nearly the liret, conferred by Cranmer after his elevation 
the See of Canterbury on the 30th of March in that year. His selection of 
f incumbent for the benefice of Shndon arose not improbably from the 
owing circumstances. Among the eminent men, who, in 1533, composed 
I Court of Henry the Eighth, few enjoyed a krger share of royal favour 
n Sir Thomas W^yatt, of Allington Castle, in Kent, justly celebrated as^ a 
it and an ambassador. Between more than one member of his family 
I the great Reformer, there existed an intimate friendship (see Cranmer's 
►rlfs, Vol. II., p. 390) I and on the great political questions of the day, 
tory speaks of a strong sympathy subsisting between them, ^ Wyatt may 
refore be very reasonably supposed to have exercised his influence oa 



304 



UOTES AMD QtTERIES. 



1 • : 




behalf of CraDmer ; who, on the other band, would natumlly take an 
cififkortunity of promDtiGg a lelatiTe of one who bad successful] y as^^jted 
own advan cement. Tht andent seat of the family from which the E: 
Kent, and Sussex branehet daim to deduce their descent, was at Soi 
HaiKh in the West Biding of Yorkshire, where, says iJr. Nott, in his life 
Sir Th^naa Wyatt, ** they attained to considerable consequence as early 
the r^gn of Edward tho Third." Here they lived for generatiom until the 
time of Henry the Serentb, at which period there appears to have been a 
general migration southwards ; for in the very early yean of the sixteentJi 
centory they were already established in the three counties above-named. ~ 

The Kentish lin^, although greviously Bhom of their wide possessions _ 
the forfeitures consequent upon the attainder of Sir Thomat Wynit the 
younger, tn 1554, nefertheless aur^ ived that calamity two cenluries, ber^m-^ 
tog extinct in 1705. 

The Sussex branch were settled at Fknshamin 152B,a9 the Subsidy EoU 
that year testiJies, They remained tliere until the sale of their estate 
related by Mr. Gibbon) at the death of >^ illiam Wyatt in 1757. His 
acquired by purchase knds in Goring in 1756, and a few years afterwards 
in Lyminster. as well as elsewhere in West Suflsex^ all of which are stUl 
property of his descendants. 

H. P. Wyatt, 

2. Rock HermiiageM^ 

, Si nee the publication of my paper on Uck field in Vol. xU , ^h 1 — in' 
whieh 1 have liszarded a conjecture, tliat tlie old Caves in tire Rocks at 
Buxted rtre the remains of an ancient Hermitage, 1 have l»een made 
acquainted with the cuves in the overhanging rwk which forms the high 
shore Letw<^en the Harbour and the Castle of St, Andrew*s, Scotland, which 
bear so striking a resemblance to the Caves at Buxte<l, that I cannot forbear 
noticing them, as they confirm me in the opinion which I have been led to 
form of their original use and application. They are commonly called in the 
neighbourhood " I^dy Bncban's Caves/' from the circumstance of that 
lady having fitted them up, somewhat more than a century ago, while she 
and her £amily were remdent there, with devices of shell-work in a most 
elegant and costly manner, as a place to which she might resort on a fine 
summer's evening for the pin^se of enjoying the sublime prospect which it 
commanded of the adjacent ocean, and as a romantic retreat for a t^-party 
with her friends. The shape and arrangement of these caves ore very 
simihir to those of Buxted,the principiJ difference between them being in the 
number of the rooms, at Buxted there being three, whereas at St. Andrew's 
thei-e are but two rooms. In both instances, the first, or outermost room 
— the room by which you enter — is of a circular form, and the entrance door- 
way b arched, and abcfut nine feet liigh. The pitch of the room in either 
case is of akiut the same height, and as much in diameter. The east side 
of this room is cut into the fiirm of a table or altar, showing it to have been 
originally the abode of some monk or hermit ; for this part was manifestly so 
^rmed, prior to the repidrsand decorations bestowed in later years upon it by 
the amiable and talented kdy whose name it now bears. On the soiith- 
westt-rn side of it is seen an aperture in the rock, of the size of an ordiuary 



NOTES Aim QtrERris. 



305 



J into the other apartment of tlie cave. To thi^, tbe first aeirea 
F<if &Dta-ckimber. The miier aimrtment is nearly in the farm of & 
Ifftdl mde bdng about eitj^ht fet^t wide and the same in heigh t« The open- 
reea the two apartmenta liad a neat fnlJing door at the time the cave 
I the favourite retreat i>f Lady Buchan. For tho admission of tight it has 
wo imall €ircukr4iea*ied w'indi>W9, wliich look three tly uu the bay. At high 
the &ea washes the bottom of the cM, at which time the doors of the 
I ai^ about twelve feet above the level of the water. The way leading 
hj a narrow tracks mmiing obliquely along the rock. Sir Walter 
tales, that there are in Uiiferent parts of SeoUand many caverns of the 
He kind, the abode of Anchorets of fonuejr times, 

Edwaed Tueneb* 

B, Haspilali la Suuex* 

The following account of the Hospitals for the reception of sick and 
ftyc<l persons in Sussex during the episcopacy of John Lake, who was 
lishop of Chichester from 1665 to 1690, is takt?a from the Bancroft papers^ 
^tm to tbe Bodleian Library, Oxford, by Bishop Tanner. The particulat 
r io which the return was called for and matJe is not stated* 
CoFr of a return made by the Bishop of Chichester to the Archbishop 
f Canterbury's enquiries into the number and value of the Hospitals in his 
artlship*s Mocese, 

** In the City of Chichester is the Hospital of the blessed Mary, of ancient 
adation, but reformed by Queen Eh2abeth ; whereof Henry Edea, P.D., 
anon Kestdenliary of Chichester, is Custos ; and therein are alao two 
Dthers and three sisters. 

•* Without the Kastgate of the City is the Hospital of St. James, and St. 
Mary Magdalen^ of very andenl foundation ; whereof Mr, Peter Edge, Rector 
of St, Pancras, in tlie City of Chidiester, is Master. It is of small revenue. 
Mid hath only one poor person (but she a miserable idiot) in it. 

'• Without the Northgate of the City of Chichester, is an Hospital erected 
about the year 1626, for ten poor persons, designed to be called St. Bartho* 
loDiew's Hospital, and endowed by William Cawley, Esquire (who also 
erected a decent Chapel there, and had it duly consecrated). But he proving 
a Uegicide, and then revuking his first settlement, aud settling lands upon it 
which he had purchased of the State, the whole revenue, at his ^lajesty's 
happy return, reverted hj the right owners, and nothing now remaineth of 
it except ten |X)unda per annum, arising frnra the sum of one hundred ixjunds, 
dveri to it by Bishop Kin^ (1641 to 16^39), and the like sura given by 
iu=hop Gunning (1669 tn 167 o] ; and it is in the managemem of the Mayor 
uul the Recorder and Aldermen of Chichester. 

" Id Petworth is an Hospital, founded by one Thompson, about the year 
1624, for twelve ^ngfe persons, six men and six women, who receive each 
person five potmds per annum, at four quarterly payments. The present 
governors are Sir Orlando Gee, Mr. John Cook, Mr. Francis Mose, Mr, 

Heni7 Berotird, Mr. Humphrey , and Mr. Peachey, There was 

alsi> a Chupel joined to this Hospital, and endowed with about ten pounds 
per annum, for a person to read Divine Service to the poor people ; hut this 
is DOW suppressed, and the Chapel shut up. 



XIII, 



2 Q 



306 



NUTKU AND QUERIES. 



tat 

1 



|T)alIaway assigns a six years* earlier date to tbe foundation of tliis Hospit; 
By the great increase wliich has taken place in the value of the propei 
witb which it is enilowed, the annuity of each pensioner has been iw 
to twenty pounds per annum ] 

"In Eaatgrinstead is an Hospital or College, founded by Robert, Earle of 
Dorset, about the year 1G08, and endowed with three hunilred and ibiity 
ponndg per annum for twenty poo re men (whereof one is to be Warden) and 
ten poore women. But much of the said annual maintenance is withdrawn, 
and there are now only but twenty-five poore people. The present cbief 
Patron or Govemour is Charles, Earl of Dorset and Middlesex ; and Thomas 
Winterboum, C!erk, is Warden, 

[Until the year IGIG^ there was no residence for the pensioners. In that 
year the present College was built, the expense beiug defrayed by a legator 
of one thousand pounds, bequeathed for the purpose by the founder. TJ 
present income of the College is two hundred and sixteen jiounds, twel 
shillings, and ninepence.] 

" At Ashbumham is an Hospital, founded by William Asbburoham, Esqri^ 
and endowed with thirty pounds per annum, for the maintenance of six jtoore 
people. The present Tnistees are Mr. Roper and Mr. Flummer; and thB 
heire of the family is to nominate the poore people. 

*' These are all the Hospitals that I can yet heare of, which I oonceiTe to 
be within the intent of the orrler. 

" Yours, &c., &c,, 

"Jo: ClCESTBEKSls" 

EDWi^D TOENEB. 

4- Earltf IncttmhenU &f Roiherfield. 

In the year 1441 a mandate was issued by Henry the Sixth to Bisho 
Praty, who held the See of ChichesteT from 1438 to 1445, to search th 
registers in Ms possession , and make a return of all those persons who ha 
been instituted and inducted into the Church of Rotherfield, with the namei' 
of those persons by whom they were presented, from the tenth ytai' of 
Edward the First (1282) to the nineteenth of Henry the Sixth (144l)* when 
the following reium was made: — 

RECTOES. PaTEONS. 

1 300 . , • « Thomas do Cobhara .,.,.,,, Bishop of Rochester 

1316 . , , . WilUam de Shotesham^ - The King 

13£8 1 , . .Roger Salesman , , John de Wy 

1359 . > . « John de Kenynton » . ^ Bishop of Uoebester 

1375* , , • William Hagham Ditto 

William Durrant, ,•-.,,.. ,Dean of St. Panl's, a.T. 

John Scbyllingfurd 

1405 . . . .John Chayne Archbishop of Canterbury, a. v. 

1406. . . .John Bathe. Ditto 

1430 . i • .William Spruce , Bishop of Rochester 

1441 i . , * Hehas Holcote. Ditto 

To this return the following note is appended, explanatory of the dr 
stances why in two instances a deviation had taken place from the reg 



NOTES AND QUEBlEiit* 



3U7 



of preaentation, the Bishop of RocUeeter being manifestly the 
pitJt>ii:^ — 

" This King pr^^nt^ in 1316, m comeqmm^ of the Unds haing vacant, 
vliich were held by Gilbert de Clare, Vbex>uTit of Gloucester aud UereforJj 
ID capita J under the Crown ; aad the Archbishop of Cant^rhiiry presented in 
1405, and again b 1406, in consequence of the See of Eochester being 
licaujt St the time." 

Of the reason why John de Wf presented in 1328, and the Dean of St. 
Paiil'a in 1375, no explimaiiun was ottored* This return became necesaary 
k consequence of the right to present being disputed. 

Edw^bd Tubnee. 

5* Opin^dean, nmr BrigkUm, 

'* Oroigdean consists of a considerable Farm, the property of Thomas 

IHoUm Pa}T3e, Esqre., of Red Hall, in Surrey j and about two-llnrds of 

ihcr Farm (the other third Ijing in riotiingdean), now belongtng to ilr. 

Payne, of Patcham, which he lately purchiised of the feimily of Streatfeild* 

rb« AdTowsou of the Rectory belongs to the Rev. John Rideout, of Lewes. 

L^ere is but one Farm house, three Cottages, and a mean thatchcct Parsonage 

When the Geers lived in Ovingdean Farm, Charles the Second lay 

f conceded here, tiU he had an opportunity of embarking at Brighton for 

1 Fmace. His person had such an effect on the g<K>d woman of the house, 

that her neit child (a very fine boy) was said to be the picture of the 

King.*' 

See Rev. Mr. MotgmB letter to Sir tViUiam Burrell, dated March^ 
1780. Burrell MSS., Brit. Mus. Ko. 5684, p, 93, 

H£Ktt¥ Ellis, K.H. 



6. The Gale Familtj. 



^P In the Extracts from the Memoirs of this Family, ^ven in VoL xn,, 
^^pfj. 45 to 60, it is stated at p* 59, that the " Gales became extinct in the 
male line on the death of Leonard and his brother Hcury,'' Hut in the 
Worth Register there is a John Gale, sou of Nichohis and Elizabeth, baptized 
January 12th, 1667, who might have had issue. Kicbolas was probably 
hrother of the first Leonard, and in tlie Register of Ifield are recorded the 
bsptisms and burials of the issue of Henry Gale* who married Mary, daughter 
of Jeremiah Johnson, Junr., and who left his property to his nephew, Henry 
Gale, of Cmbbett. There are also recorded in the Ifield Register the fol- 
lowing burials : — 

^ Richard Gale, July 24th, 1675. 

■ Edmund Gale, April 2ard, 1675. 

1^ Susan, daughter of Mr. Richard Gale, Febry. 20th, 1658. 

A private Act of Parliament, A.D. 1672, gives some infonnation respecting 
the family. The Gales bore for Arms — On a fess, three lions' heads erased, 
between three saUires. 

Sarah Knight, wife of Leonard G^b, was daughter and sole sttrvivlng 

2 Q 2 



tf 



KOTES AKD QtTEBIES- 



^ 

.^ ^ 



child of Richard Eniglit, Junr., of Cowden, gent:, by his seccmd wife. Sarah, 
daughter of Jeremiah Johnson, of Charlwood, gent; ; PhiUppa, anr>tU< 
daughter » marryiBg Leonard Gale, Senr, Bii first wife waa Miiry, dau^bt 
and heiress of Thonias Aynseombe* Rector of Cowden, bj hia wife, Maiy^ 
daughter and heiress of Isaac Shellej% He was son of John Aynscomhe^ ' 
Mb wife JaDe» daughter of Henry Porter of Wartling^ and grandson 
Tkimaa AynBComhe, of Mayfield. by hb wife Mary, daughter n( Jol 
Porter of Bajham. John Knight, lather of Richard Kiigbt, marriod 
Jobiiiiia, daughter of John Ttchboume. He was great-great- gran ilscm of 
John Knight, of Lingtidd, yeoman, who was dead in 1581. The Kuighi 
aequirtMl ix^HsiJerable wealth by the iron inanufacture. The following coni 
of arms and crest were grunted Atigusl 24tK 1G71, to tlie aforesaid Richard 
Kjught, and to Ricliard Knight, of Cowden, gent:, Senr., his uacle, viz., 
Gidea, three heniUets argent ; on a canton sable, a spur or. Crest; a spur or, 
between two wings sable. As both the grantees died without male issue» 
the right to bear these arms and crest ceased with the death of their childreu^ 
except as a quartering by their descendants, Richard Knight, Senr., married 
twice. By his second wife, Sibilla, daughter of Edward Lindaey, Esqre., of 
Bnxted^ and relict of Thomas Gilbert, gent., be left two daughters aad co- 
Itelid&ses — Bridget, who married John Payne, Esqre,» of Le^s Heath, in 
East Gfinstead ; and Anne, who married John Bridgt^d, of MaresBehl and 
Gowden, gent. There were numerous collateral branches of the Knights. 

The family of Johnion are met with, as of the rank of gentiy, temp, 
Eli^beth, at Charlwood,and was probably of the same stock (though bearin g , 
different arms) as the Johnsons of Tunbridge and Chart Sutton, co. Ken%H 
who Nourished at those places at au early period. Jeremiah Johnson^l 
brotJier of the before -mentioned Sarah and PhHlppa, had b&ue (inter idias] 
Catherine, wife of John Jackson (great*grand father of the late H. H. Jack- 
aon, Esqre., of Holly Hill, Hartfield) ; Mary, wife of Henry Gale ; and 
Elizabeth, wife of Cornelius Humphrey. There was a Thomas Jackson, 
Rector of Cowden, who died 1G08^ and a William Jackson^ who married 
EUisaheth Knight, of Cowden, Novr- Itith, 1G49» who were probably of the 
family. 

W* Sicnni Ellis. 



7. Ancknt Intermeais ai Hasiin^M. 



I 



In Vol, ix., p, 366, of Sussex ArciuEologieal CoiUciims, I gave a short 
account of some excaTations which I was induced to make on the East Hill, 
Hastings, in hopes of discovering some trace of a Tower which > some j€Mt 
before, I had observed represented as standing on this hill in an ancient map 
belonging to the Dean and Chapter of Chichester. While so engaged, I 
opened and exposed to view a considerable number of bodies, wliicb 
apparently had been buried without cofiina, and upon a thick layer of char- 
coal ; the heads, in some instances, reposing on a hollow boulder, in others on 
an oyster alielL Many bodies were thus disturbed. On the right sade < 
some were found irons like rivets, the beads of which were about tlie size of ( 
Judf penny. A few of these are now in my possession. Such an tiunsu 
^inode of interment 1 have never seen anywhere explained. 



NOTES AND QUEHIKS, 



309 



Among Uie earth immedktalj ovef these graves a 
^lIOl]l aiTow*head was found, which is in the posaessioE 
of Mt. PurfieliJ of Hastings, A friend informs me tha.t 
Mr, Darwin, the nataralist, has two arrow-lieadSj found 
In a morass id Scotland, teiy similar hoth in shape and 
si^e to the one found at Hastings, Their si m Parity 
further extends to the material of which tliey are con- 
stmcted, each being formed of white flint, An eograviug 
of the one f^unJ at Hastings is here given. 

It is of the eiact dhneusiona of the originaL The size both of Mr, 
Purfield'a and Mr, Darwin's would seem to imply, that tbey were used for 
sporting, and not warlike, purposes. 




Hofiinp. 



Thohas Eoss, 



8, Sussex Tradesmen's Tohetis of the Vtth Century. 

Since the puhlication of VoL :«, of the Society's Collections^ I hiye met 
with the following : — 
" John Medhurat of"— in the field a Shield of Arms ohljtarated* 

M- 
Rt^: " Batten Sussex^— in the field L L 

" Samuel B . * * » nt of' — in the field, the Gtocefs Arms. 
Met: ** linfield Sussex,'' 

*• John Hart of*' — in the field a hart reclining under a tree. 

Rep: " Horsham Sussex, 16GG"— in the field *' I, H/* 

This token was found in digging cb&e to Uie ruins of Knej^p Castle 

in Shipley. 

•* John Laurenc, Baker*'— in the field, " I. L/' 

Reu: " at Podeldock 1663 r'—in the field, " his halfepeny'^— in a 

circle. 

This token was found in the R«v, F* Teed*s garden In St, Anne^s^ L^w^* 
Puddledock is near the briilge, Lewes, and will be recognised by old 

residents of the town, as the spot on which Sir Henry Blackmail's house stood. 

In the Sussex Archmolt^al CoUtctimts^ YoL xi., p. 173^ — it is t^ed 
1 Puddiewlmrfe, 

H^ WiLLIAH FiGG, 






9, Urns found in East Blatehingion Church, 



Two pots or arns of coarse pottery, and of very rude manufacture, were 
dug up in the tower of East Blatchington Cburch in December, 1B60, as the 
workmen were excavating to get a dry foundation for the pavement. One, 
the kiger of the two, ca^^ble perhaps of contaiuing half a busliel, stood 
uitrigfat and perfect in the centre ; the other lay on its side in the south* 
east comer of the t^5wer, and had been broken at some former time. The 
workmen stated that they contained charred bones, wliiqh they immediately 
buried. I picked up frdgments of charred wood among the debris, 

Mhiehin^ton. 



310 



NUTES A^'D QUEaiES. 



10* Of%f Ji of the Family of Cmtrt. 

In Vol. Ti., p. 87, T bazorded the conjecture, oa etymological gToanda, 
tfte Sufliex names Court hope and CruttenJeD were comiptions of Covert' 
tluirp ati'l Covert's- den ; remarking, however, that *' there is no resembi 
between the arms of tbe Coverts and of these families." But some gei 
logical and herald ric circumstances and comddenc^^ recently coming ttttdar 
m,Y notice induce the belief that the latter remark is unfounded^ and tend 
to elucidate the origin of the family of Covert^ and of some other faiiilies, as 
well as to strengthen the conjecture indulged. 

Hasted in his " History of Keoi/^ (loco CapeU) saya — '* Coldoam is a 
manor in this parish which appears by records to have been anciently the 
patrimony of owners of the sawie name, who bore for their arms GuUm^ a 
fe^M ermine between three martkts Jr^etU ; hnt before tbe reign of Richard 
II, tliey had passed it away t^ a famiiy of the name of Baker." These are 
the identical arms of Covert except tbe tincture of the martlets which is 
Or. In the visitation of Sussex, A.D. 1634, there is a pedigree of Coldbam* 
the arms being a tnulleL 

In Jtlamiing and Bray's Surrey (II., 441) it is stated that " temp, Henry 
n Sir Richard Covert, sou of Sir Bartholomew^ who came into England 
with the Conqueror, had great possesdons in Sussex, and was Lord of the 
Manor of Clialdon (in Surrey) and Patron of the AdvowsoE ;" the authonty 
for the statement being HarU MSS. 1500* The Domesday undertenant of 
Cbaldon was Ralph de Felgeres, who also held the Manor of Tad worth in the 
aame <x>unty. The Manor of Bookham in Surrey was held at the Domesday 
Sur\*ey, by Halsar (Hansard?) of William de Braose. In the 13th century 
Chaldon (the lordship in chief). Tad worth, and Bookbanip were held by the 
family of Hansard, who were aJso owners at an early period of land m the 
Rape of Bramber, 

Various coats are assigned to the Hansards ; the pre^ateat ones being 
three mullets of different tincturea, and on different fields ; one branch 
bearing tJnee e^totlet ; another coat is three martlets. 

From u\\ thia it would seem, that the Coverts, the Hansard Sj and the 
Coldhamft had a common origin of some kind ; that tbe changes of name 
and of arms, common at early periods, occurred with some of these families ; 
but with which, or if with all, and under what circumstances^ at present |i 
does not seem eagy to ascertain. 

The three estoiks borne by Courthope and Cmttenden appear from 
foregoing to have been derived from the Coverts, who probably at an early peri< 
bore mullets, and were the progenitors of the Courthopes and Crattendena, 

Ralph de Felgeres was doubtless a member of the family who owned tli© 
Barony of Feugeres in Normandy > or Brittany, existing in the 11th century. 
He had land in Uuddington, co, Surrey, at tbe time of the Domesday Survey. 
The subsequent owners of the manor, the Cuddingtons, were nearly related to 
the baronial family of Pliz-Alatt of Bedale, co. York, whose coat was, 
Barry, bs was the Hansards ; Brian Fitz Ralph (who, Mr. Bray thinks, waa 
Ralph tie Felgeres), being the relative. The arms of Fitz Ralph are Barry 
in chief three hiwkles^ Ermine, on a fess ^le«^ three buckles or, were the arms 
the Norman family, De Covert, in 173B— the date of the publicatioii of ihi 
" Armorial de la France/ which contaius their pedigree (i., 158). 



es; 



KOTES AND QrEHIKS, 



311 



BaJph ^e Filgeres had a daughter married to William Je St. John 
tts* Feentge vL, 270 J, The uncient arms of St. John were twQ muUeU 

*>m the ermhte in both the coata of Covert ; the buckler in that af tha 
•forman family ; the muUeU in that of St. Jolm ; and a presumed ancient coat 
►f Covert containing mulhis, and the other circumstances mentioned, it may 
tkt safely conjectured^ thalaU the families in question were tenants, or under- 
t^nauls (at one period or other) and rektivea of the Dukes of Brittany ; and 
therefore of one blood and kindred. 

W. S. Elus. 



11. Brighton eif^hty years a^Q. 

In the year 1802, were published in two Vols, 8to,, '* The Miscellaneous 
Works in Verse and Prose of the late Heui^ Man," who ilied in 1709, after 
having filled for many years the office of Deputy Secretary to the South Sea 
Company. He was author of a volume of Essays called *' The TriJler/* 
publish^ in 1770, and a frequent writer in the newspapers. From one of 
his letters to his wife, printed at VoL 1, p. 227, the following passages are 
citracted : — 

" August 13th, 1780. — 1 write from Brighthelmstone. The 3ea*air» tha 
i^Mjfitry, the everything, raise my spiriti^ fifteen degr^s at least beyond par, 
..il make my heart all riot and rapture, 

'* We arrived here about three o'clock, after riding tive houo, a Httle in- 
eomincKled by t!ie sun, over the finest downs in the world. After eating a 
matton chop, and drinking a bottle of port, away we went on a stroll by the 
seii'Shore, lambling here, there, and every-where ; went down to the beach ; 
st->,*tl like Canute on tlie sea-side waiting for the waves to wet me ; saw the 
Mjing-boats set off at sunset, and waited till the mi>on got up to give a sofl 
tweet sereoity to the whole scene. 

** A gneat deal of company is here ; smarts and simpletons are as plentiful 
aa at an execution ; there is a large square place called the Steine, set apart 
by the shore for walking, a hbrary, a fruit shop, lodging houses, and piazzaa 
round it \ but I pledge myself you shall see it. The eye wanders from that 
place over a world of waters, which the bathing machineSj the fishing veaaeis^ 
and ships of government enliven alternate ly.^* 

Towards compiling the history of such an ever-shifting place of fashion 
as Brighton, the collecting together of contemporary notices like this will be 
the only satislkctory course ; and I beg to suggest to other members of our 
Society to follow my example, by sending, either from published or unpublished 
letters, any graphic scraps, however short, that may answer this purpose. 

John Gough Nichols. 

Brtyhtofi, 

12, Tlte Blunt Family, 

In the extract from the memoirs of t}ie Gales given in Volume xii, I 
ifatcd, in a note to page 59, that in the partition of the property of Mr, 
Leonard Gale, the last male representative of this family, which took place 



312 



NOTES AKD QUERIES, 



in 1775, the estate ftiid residence of Crabbett, m Worth, fell to the lot of Mr. 
Samuel Blunt, who had married his daughter^ Sarali ; and that it is now m 
the possession of his descendant, Francis Scawen Blunt, Esqre* I amitled, 
however, to mention, what it is the object of this note to supply, tlmt the Rev. 
William Blunt, father of the late Francis Scaweo Blunt, and grandfather to 
the pre3ent owner of the same names, was not the issue of tins marriage, but 
of a iecond matrimonial alliance which Mr. S. Blunt made with Miaa 
Scawen, the daughter of James Seawen, Esqre.^of Reigate, in Surrey. The 
Kev. W. Blunt having died in his father*s Efe-time, the estate passed from 
Mr. S, Blunt to his grandson, the late possessor. 

The Scawens were originally a Cornish finnily, their place of residence 
being Mellinike in the parish of St. GermanB. Mr. Da\ie3 Gilbert, in his 
History of Comwal^ Vol, U., pp. 67, 68, aays, Mellinike was the residence 
of WilUam Scawen, Esqre. ; and be gives for his arms, Aryeni^ a scawen 
or elder-tree, pert ** This," he adds, " is an ancient and meer Britia^^ 
family of gentlemen/' j^M 

A branch of it appears to have settled in Surrey, at or somewhere nevH 
Eeigate, early in the 17th century ; for Maiiniug and Bray-, in their History 
of the County, vol IL, p, 510, speak of them as Surrey residents, and 
^ve their pedigree for five descents, beginning with Robert Scawen, Esqre, 
of Mellinike, His grandson. Sir WilUam, was M.P. for Surrey, and died 
October, IBih, 1722, aged 75 years. He was a ^eaSous partiatun of Wiiliani 
111, and purchased fpr a residence Stone Court in Carshalton. He died 
without children, and left his property to his younger brother. Sir Thomas, 
an Alderman of the City of London, who had, with other cliildren, a son 
Thomas, M.P, for Surrey, who married Tryphena, daughter and heiress of 
Lord James lluasell, and a daughter Catherine, who became the lirst wife of 
Sir John Shelley of Michelgrove, the fonrth Baronet. She died there, and 
was buried in the SheUey mausoleum at Clapham in this county in 1726, 
leading two daughters only, who died unmarried, Thomas Scawen, Esq,, 
who is described as of Maidwell in Nurihamptoushire, as well as of Surrey, 
died in 1774, leaving a son named James, who succeeded his father as M.P. 
for Surrey, and a daughter, Tryi>hena, who married Henrj\ Earl Bathum. 
This family, who had considerable possessions in Surrey, became extmct in 
the male hnc in 1778, by the death of this James Scawen, leaving daughter! 
only, one of whom, as 1 have already said, was the second Mrs* ^unuk 
Blunt 

B. W, Blencowe. 

13. Progress of iTmy Edward VI, in Sasse^s. 
(Sussex ArcL ColL, VoL x*, p, 195, ^id xi., p. 221.) 

1 hove just met with a notice of this progress in the Losely Maiiudcrii 
edited by A. J* Kempe, F.S.A,, 1835, 8vo., p 272, whicli enables me 
add another name to the mansioiis in Sussex visited by King Edward m tJia' 
year 1552. 

When Queen Elizabeth was contemplating a progress to Portamoutb io the 
year 15Dl,her Lord Chamberlain, Lord Ilunsdon, wrote to Sir WUliafi 
More of Loscley, near Guildford, to annoiuce to him, that Her Migest; pfO- 




KOT£S AM) QUERIES. 



313 



to i«st at Ms house, and wss ^'ireri© desyrous to go to Petworth and 
' Cowdr)% if yt be possible : but none of us all can sett her downe ame where 
to be at betwene yuur house and Cowtlry." Sir William More, being desired 
to give his advice and assistaoce, replied tbua : ** Aad whereas your Lordship 
doth require to be advertised from rae of aome fitta plaee betwene my hotise 
and Cowdray for her Majestie to lodge in one nighte» yt may please you to 
understands^, that there h not anie convenient howse for that purpose stan dingo 
ne&re the way from my howae towardes Pet worth or Cowdry. Onlie there 
m & Jittk bowse of Mr. La wren co IClliott'a distant three miles from myne 
the direct wale towards either of the said places, and within tenne miles 
from Pelworth and eleaven of Cowdray, to which howse I directed Mr* 
Constable, by a servaunt of myne^ who hath viewed the same, and canBO 
maJce neportii to your Lordship thereof. From thence there is anotlier the 
like Jiowae in Shillinghe, of one Bomier's, distant fyre miles the direct way 
to Pelworth^ and about a myle out of the waie to Cowrdrey, where King 
Edward dyned in his waye from Guildford Parke to Cow drey." 

Tlie former of these two houses was at Bus bridge, near Godalming in 
Surrey ; the latter, ShilMnglee, was b that part of Klrdford parish called 
Plaistow, and ia now the seat of the Earl of Winterton ; but it belonged to 
Henry, Earl of Arundel, when King Edward siined there. 

Shillinglee, then, was the King's first resting pkce in Sussex. The date of 
hia visit is the 2l3t day of July 1552 ; when^ after staying for six days at his 
royal Eianor-house of Guildford, he was, according to lus own journal — 

" 21. Removing to Petworth," 

Sir WilUam More ought to have written^ " m his way from Guildford 
Park to Petworth/' mstead of Cowdray ; for it was not until the 25th of 
July that the King moved onwards to bir Anthony Browne's at Cowdray 
firom Petworth, 

JoEN GouGH Nichols. 

Brighion. 



» 



14 iS*i> ThartiOB Heneagen Pratfer-hoak . 

I have a little Manual of Devotion in black-letter type, ornamentally 
iKJund, wliich wiis found in a cottage at Lewes some years ago. It ia cntiiled 
*• Christian Praiers^ and Holy Meditationa, as well for private as publLke 
exercise, gathered out of the most gfidly learned in our time, by H. B. Now 
ktely augmented, and newly imprinted againe. ^ In the Evening and 
Morning and at Noone will I pray unto the Lord, and he will heare my 
prayer, Psalme 25* % Imprinted at London by Henry Middeltosj Anno 
Itomiui 157U'* 

From an original autograph at the commeucement, this book seems to 
have once belonged to Sir Thomas Heneage* who waa Captain of the Guards 
to Queen Elizabeth, Vice- Chamberlain of her household , and one of her 
Privy ^Council ; also Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. On two blank 
leaves before the title, the under-mentioned inscriptions are made In an ancient 
hut very neat hand :— 

'* Genus inftelix vit^. 

" Multum vigilaui i laboraui ; presto multis fui ; Stultitiaiii multorum 

xm, 2 E 



314 NOTES AND QUERIES. 

perpessa sum ; arrogantiam peztuli ; difficultates exorbtii ; vixi ad aliorom 
arbitrium, non ad meum." 

Wliich may be thus anglicized — 

" An unhappy kind of life." 

" I have watched much ; I have laboured ; I have been of service to 
many ; I have borne patiently the folly of many ; I have endured arrogance ; 
I have suffered adversities ; I have lived to tbe will of others, and not to my 
own." 

Then comes the following metrical version of these Latin lines — 

" A haples kynde of life is this I weare, 

Moch watch I 'dure, and weary toilinge daies, 
I seme the route, and all their follies beare, 

I suffer pryde ; and sappe fiill harde assaies ; 
To other's wyll my life is all addrest. 
And no waie so as might content me best" 

Underneath there is added — 

" This aboue," meaning the Latin sentences, "was written in a booke by 
the Queene's Ma"«." 

This is succeeded on the next page by the ensuing little poetical epistle, 
addressed to some Lady of quality whose name is not stated, but whom the 
writer seems anxious to guard against worldly snares and mistaken views in 
tbe pursuit of happiness, probably lending her the book to aid the purpose of 
the lines : — 

" Madam, but marke the labours of our lyfe. 
And therewithal! what errors we be in ; 
We sue and seeke, with praiers, sturre, and stryfe, 
Upon this earthe a happy state to win. 

And whilst with cares we trauell to content us 
Li vaine desires, and sett no certaine scope. 

We reape but things whereof we oft repent us, 
And feede our wylles with moch beguiling hope. 

We praie for honours lapt in daungers handes. 
We strive for riches, which we streight forgoe ; 

We seeke delyte that all in poison standes. 

And sette with paines but seedes of syne and woe. 

Then, noble Lady, neede we not to praie, 
The Lord of all for better state and stale. 

Your La: moch bound, 

T. Heneage.' 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



315 



It 19 to be regretted, that the touching refle<^tioiis made by the Bjopl 
Confessor referre*! to, and tr4m3cribed in this volume, by Sir Thomaa UeueagB, 
liaTe nothing to indicate their date ; for it would have added greatly to the 
interest of tlus recwd of Elizabeth's feelings, to have known at what period 
of her life it was written ; as we might possibly have been able thereby to 
isoeflam what were the particular circumstances in her Coart, or in State 
tl&m, tliat gave rise to these secret sorrows, and induced her (whilst 
femimUy envied for her happy lot) to describe her life as ** genus infoelix 

Thb collection of " Christian Pnuers and ^lediations/' was some time since 
reprinted by the Parker Society ; but I obaerve that they have omitted a 
valaable article at the close, called '* A Godly tnstJiiction, conteyning the 
sum me of all the Divinitie necessary for a Chnstiau conscience, made by 
Master Jhon Bradford " (the martyr). 

We have no means now of tracing the history of this book, or the names 
of its various owners, from its original proprietor to its late possessor i 
especially how it became at lengrb the occupant of an obscure shelf in a 
workuiiiTrs family. But ita connection vrith Lewes may possibly be 
accounted for from the fact, ihat a member of the Heneage family was a 
nfsident there, in the parish of Southover, during the reign of Elizabeth, in 
whose keeping it might have been, and after whose death, as is often the fate 
of lifKiks and pictures, it might have passed successively into the hands of 
* .flerent (or intUfferent ) persons, inhabitants of the same town ; who, if they 
ought the bttok worth preserving for its binding, attached no value to its 
., or its typography, aod felt no interest in its cuiious manuBcript pages, 
the name of its fonnerly titled owner. 

Thomas Dickeb, 




15. Annexatim of Sutton Church ta Seaford. 

The Ch jrch of Sutton juxta Seaford, being desolate (penitus dirutaj and 

there being no inhabitants in the place, except a few shepherds (paucis 

pecudvm eustadibus exceptisj, and haviiig long been vacant, was annexed by 

Bish/ip Robert Sherborne to the Vicarage of Seaford, to augment the same, the 

dotation of that Church lieing so Jecrettsed, and roiluced ** ad iantam epeiWa- 

tern" that the Vicar thereof had not suflicient for the maintenance of thelivingof 

3 hoTtest priest (pitm honesti iacerdotu) ; on which account the dimiuution 

!" divine sen ice, and the desertion of the cure of souls, were to be appre- 

bended without a richer endownment. This anu(^ation was made with the 

E>ns€ut of Thomas Edwardes, Prebendary of Scford. and James Bal!, Vicar 

t§eford ; the Vicar biniHng himself to |>ay a yearly pension of 16s. 8d, to 

Riiud Prebendary. The Prebeuilary of Sutton, under this arrangement 

las to present to the said augmented Vicarage of Seaford twice successively 

l&ut ol ihree turns, aud t^> have the then first turn. 

This deed, whicfi is among the Episcopal Records of Chichester, is without 

Ce annexation effected by it must, however, have been subsequent 
r 1508, when Robert Sherburne was appointed to the See of 
M. A. Lower* 
2 R 2 




316 NOTES AND QUERIES. 

16. Bibiioiktea Smaexkma, 

HaTiog, at the suggestion ofoneof the Committee of the Sussex Arcbsologi- 
cal Society, some time since commenced a list of the different works which have 
been published on the History of the County ; and wishing to make it as com- 
plete as possible, I shall be obliged to any of our archaeological friends 
possessing, or having a knowledge of, rare books, tracts, or triab, relating to 
the county, or to county men, if they will copy the title page or headmg of 
the same, and send it to me ; as sudi assistance will add to the comprehen- 
nreness and Tahie of the oompilatiaD, and be attended, I trust, with but little 
trouble. 

G. Slade Butles. 

Rye. 



INDEX TO VOL. XHI. 



A^ttskett, ThomjiA, Dean of niLstlugSf 

154. 
AhereaveQiiy, George Nofil, Lord; An- 

dretr Borde eafnmohtW hy^ 242 

AheTgAYermjt present Earl of, 242. lian- 
or of Ditchlltig held by him, 248, 

Ad&ms, Eiohard, and Anno hia wifof 
92 ftat^ 14. 

A^Min^ Thotnm, property b Leweg 
ocmTeyed to and &old hy^ 18. 

Ad Decimum (Roman Station) dte af, 

Aiidiicm^ *^ Drummer/' Anecdote paral- 
lel to, 220. 

Ade, Ghaj'lesi Pedigree drawn by, 52 
naU 6. 

Adur, River » Evidence of eettlement of 
tlia Bomani near the, 3. CauBewny 
tbensoa, 33* Distinction of pronun- 
ciation east and we«t of the BtreauLf 
217. 

.Blveva, Laud held in Waldron, by, 81. 

AgLiilon^ Robert, Lioeusea to kreutjllate 
gmuted to. 106, 107. 

Akehurstf Marj% wby ilKus^ by her 
huflbflud, IC. Who she waa, 17. 

AI&ehuTst, Thomast 1 7. 

Alo^ Judith, iDBcription, 204. 

Akock Family, Lowca property of the, 
S4. Blmte. 

Aldsion and Alfriilon, local pronuncia- 
tion of tba words, 210, "Haeter 
Palk of Ahson,'* 230 rwU. 

AMiogbourne^ 8. 

AlfSrad the Great ; hie real and traditional 
connection with DitcUling, 241, 2G0* 
2G1. 

Alfred, John, inscription, 302. 

Alfriflton, Church-buildmg I(?gend of, 
220. "Virgins' garlands" in th© 
Church, 231. See Alciatou. 

Ailen Family, inaoription, 291. 

Allen, Thomaa, inscription, 208, 

All^y, GeoTge, 16. 



Allies, Mr. L.^ drawings exhibited in 
1735 by, 117. 

AlUn, John, Yiear of Bye, 276. Ejected. 
iind. 

All Saintfl Chufoh and Farlah, Lewes, 
Seelmvres. 

All SainiB, Hastinga, Value ttmp, Henry 
VHt 17a 

All Baint« in the Pallant, Chiohestcr, Grant 
of AdvowBon of; to Tipper and Dawe, 
48. 

Alva, Duke of; hia animosity towards 
the Netherlanders, 1U8. 

Alyngton Manor, V2B, 

Ajnberltjy (Amberle) LiceuBe to kren- 
ellate Bishop's Palace at^ 114. Am- 
berley trout, 232 and natc. 

Amboise, privileges granted to French 
Froteatants by the Edict of, 192. 

Amherst, Lady, part of Waldron belong- 
ing to, 87. 

Amon, John and wife, inscription, 297, 

Amos, Ann and husband^ inscription 
(rhymod), 298. 

Amos, Thomas and wife, inscriptioo, 280, 

Anderida (Peveusey), id<?ntity of track- 
way through forest of, with Chaik'y and 
OAhamtumpikeroad. 1,3 Itscun- 
nection with Lewes under the BomaD% 
3, 55fwi^. SefilG^, 218, 

AndiJ-ons, 53 nats 10. 

Anne of Cleves, Grant of Bitchling by 
Henry viii, to, 245, House thought 
to be built by her, 260, 

Ansfrid, holding in Waldron oi; 81 and 

Appeltocu Thomas, de, 106. 

Appt, wUliiyn, (drawned), inscription, 

298. 
Apsley, Cordelia, 95, 
Apsley> John, of Lewes ; 95, 08. 
Ap^ley, John, of Tliakebam, 89. 
Ardorn, Robert, License to krenellaiep 

l^ntcd to, 11!. 
Arundel, Roman Sbitlon of Ad Bccimtim 

at, 3. Causeway, 33| Arundel mulleta, 

232. 



318 



IXBES, 



Amnd&li Jc^hn Earl of, 109. 
Arim*l*»l WiQifttn Earl of, 89 furU 12* 
A^bbiiruhiim, E>tini]j', inctunbeTit of 

Ditcbling, 2.jO* 
ABhburDb&m Eectory, 157, value of Eec- 

toi7, d^meene landE, aod rents, t^^mp, 

Hcniy Tin., 17a 
Ashlmniluin, WiHisnt, Hospital fotmd«d 

bx, 306. 
Ailittiit, ftl>3 jroKiiBecitoror, 253. 

f Bfimundi^ 90^ Aapttm Eiclx&rd, 
¥ld. 
r* nm vi*it to Alfred the Oreiit, 241, 

ftod mite L 
Astrology & wfakncis of great minds, 

Tl, 
Atherton, John, Rector of Waldron, 86, 

TUM of Rye, 273. 
Atte-Watere TeQeracut In Waldron, 92 

mte 10. 
Attwoodfi of Waldron, 96. 
Aii«lier, Prebend of, 13B, 
Audeuard, GUea de. Dean of Hfi^iltigB, 

154, 
Augo or Etu — See Eu. 
Augustine Friars" Chapel in Rye, 201 ; 

tiieir Clmrch fa London, 201 ntite. 
Auslea family^ iuflcription (rhymed), 

900. 
A*Woi)d, Stephen, Will of, 258, 259, 
Aylward family, inscriptioii to, 2^1, 

B, 

Buckley, Gadmao, Horsfield and Mootc 

family, inecription, 293. 
Bacon, Lord, '* Hempe*' Proverb re* 

ferred to by^ 231 fwrf^. 
BadLoamcre, Giles, Liitid held by, (temp. 

Edw. ML), 88. 
Bftgot, Lewi a, Vicar of Eye, afterwards 

Bishop of St Aaapb, 276. 
Bailey, definition of d^iie by, 232. 
Bailey, Josepht Incambcnt of Ditchling, 

259. 
Baker, conai deration formerly attached 

to the trade of, 57 imte 2. 
Baker families, inscriptions, 297, 298. 
Baker, John, Attorney General, Grant 

of Hastinga Priory lo> 1 57, 
Baker, J., property alienated to^ 93, 
Baker, S^arah, Inscription, '2\M}, 
Baker family, of Mayfield, 90* 
Baillol, Ralph de, 135, 
Banys, Gika, Rector of WaJdron, gfi, 
Balcombfi, local proverb associated with, 

210. lliree generations of Chatiields 

Beotora^ 252. 
Bfuigehamf 1 37, Bargham Manor granted 

to Tipper and Dawe^ 48. 
Barb am, Dr,, tenement in Lewea alten- 

ated to, 38. 



Bargain femily, fnacHption, 281, 

Barlavington, Grant to Tipper aod Dati 
in, 40. 

Barnard, Thomat, the elder. 14* 

Bamea, Sarah, inscription, 290, 

Bamea l^imilv, inscription (rhyimed), 
291, 

Barrett, Thomaa, Corfeir Bell Bijager, 
Lewes, 31. 

Barrow, WilUam, BailM of Shoraham, 
126, 

Bony andWakQlinfam.ll]ea, insmptions, 
289. 

Barton, EUsaheth, the Holy Maid of 
Kent, 70. mi^n, ' 

Bonon, Gimut to fipper ftnd Dtwe in, 
4fi, 

Barwyk, William, Keeper of Sedgwick 
Pju-k| emoluments of, 126, 

Bft^ok, ITiomos, beqncst to Waldion 
Church by, S7. 

Bathe, John, Hector of EotherSeld, 30G. 

Bathurst, Richard, 95. 

Batmanson, John, Prior of th€ Charter- 
house, 262 miUf. 

Battla, Ecclesiastical Juriadiction of tlie 
Abbot of, 56, fwtif 19, A lx*rd of its 
Manor, S4, Grant of Free Warticn in, 
111. License to kreoellate the Ahb^ 
Manse, 112* Agreement between the 
Abbot and the Prior of Hastings re- 
latfve to tithes in Tloehurat. 178; 
"Ware the Abbot of Battel,'* and 
origin of the aaying, 232* 233* 

Battle Abbey Chartera and Eeoorda, 
ferenoea to, 98, 94, 159, 160, ISa 1« 
175* 

Baxter, Mr. W, E., woodcuts lent by^ 4, 

Bayley, Hargoret and son^ inseriptions^ 
295. 

Bealknap, ancient aeat of the family < 
140. 

Bean fiunily, inscriptions, 290. 302. 

Beard, John, Keeper of Bewbuah and 
Shelley Park, emolunventa of, 12 
Hid Family and Arma, iMd^ note, 

Beaton, John, Vicar of Rye, 275* 
Bona ejected from their livlngt, i^id^ 

Beaton — Se^ Beeton, 

Beck, W,t inacription, 289. 

Beeding, Causeway to, 33, Grant to Tip- 
per and Da wo, 47, 

B^ton (or Beaton), Mn, theologiool 
differences between S, Jcake and, 59, 

BeU, William, aite of lands held by, 
47. 

Bellingham Family, inscription, 296, ^ 

Beneck, Peter, Refugee, Minister of 
French Church in Rye, Burial of, WO 
not^ 39. 

Beuu family, inacription, 280* 

Bennett, R<?v, T., of Waldron, 99* 



and I 



INDEX. 



319 



_hers1ie| Simoii d©» Warden of the 
Cinque Porte, 150. 
Bernard, QeorgBj Keeper of Knap Park, 

Berry, Messrs, property in Lewea bou^clit 

&i]d coQTerted by* 3S- 
Bef¥tead Advoweon, Granted to Tipper 

sad Dawe, 48, 
Benriok Commonf no longer ghoat* 

hsunted, 209. 
BettB, M&rj, infloriptioii (phymed), 393, 

BffwbuAhe and Bbelley Park, Inventory 

of c»ttle !n, 125. Emoluments of 

Keeper, 12«. 

1 BeihiJl, Grant of Ltoenae to empark, 

^K 13o. Value of rentSj temp, Henry 

■ nth, 176. 

^BBiabop, Biohnrd and wife, land in Lewes 
^^ sturendered by, 27. 
"Biihop, Eobertj insicrtption, 293. Ann 
Biahop, 298. See Byahopp. 

Blahopaton Manor, tenement in Lewea, 
held by, Z7. 

Bl&auw, W. H., Eaq,, M.A., F.S.A., on 
Iha windmill made uae of In the 
Eaft>n*s War, 6. On Slangham Stair- 
esusQ ; 27 u On Royal Licenses to fortify 
I Towns and Housed in Suastix ; 1(M — 

I 117. [iSw Royal Licenses]. &ff ftlmi 

2U,mft€B^ 

Black man fftinily^ josmptions, 288, 289. 
£Slt7. 

Blockroan, Sir H., property in Lewes, 
occupied by, 33. 

Blackwood, Cbrifitopher, Remoo a trance 
to Uorpomtion of Kye from, 60. Cause 
of bis aecieaeion ti'om the Chun^h, his 
idigioiut writings, ice., ibid turte. Mar- 
riage of bis wile's sister, Bt, and mft^ 
7. Cause of his self expatriation, tl2. 

Blanche, Geoffiy de, Prebeod of, 137. 

Blatchington, Astf East B1aU:h in gton. 

Blencowts, E, W,, Eaq., on the Blunt and 
Scawen families, 31 1, 312. 

Blnett, Anne, relict of John, married to 
SirThoa. Dyke, 702, 

Blunt, family, 311. Iniermarriage with 
the Scawens, ^12. 

BodeU, Thomas, bequest to Waldron 
Ghnitjb, by, 87, 

Bodill, John, bequest to Waldronohureh, 
tr, 87, 

Body ham, Lic>siiso to krenellato the 
mausL* of, U4; its Chapel and llthea, 

la?. 

Bolton^ Btehard, Prebendary of Hoi- 
Ungton, 143. 

Bonaparte, Prince Louis Lncien, 216. 
Bonner, ** Bloody/' 40, 
Bonnick^ or Boawyke, a family of tan- 
ners, 9B, 



Borde, Dr. Andrew, on the 
of nightrngales, from Bt Leonmrd^i 
Forest, 223. En franc hiaed by Lord 
AljergaTenny, 242, Suffragan Bishop of 
Chicheater and Pneijbyter of the Charter 
House* 262, 20ii. Religious duty 
not to his taate, 2G2, Not able to hide 
ita '* mgoPOtsite,*' 2ni. Goes on hia 
travels ■ his medical praotioe in Spun 
and quaint ooafesaion thereanont, 2B2« 
263, Bef^sea ftnd ultimately takoa 
the Oath of Supremacy, 2tt3. 206. 
Hi^ eonnexion with Thomas Cromwell; 
resumption of his travols, 2G3. His 
*' Boke of Knowledge," 2(>3, 204, 267 
mtU. His chaatity impugneil, 2G4. 
2G8. Authonshtp of ** Tom Thumb" 
ascribed to him, 2G4. Letters from 
him: To Edmund Horde, 2G4. To 
Secrotary Cromwell, 2G4.— 2G8, Char- 
acter given by him of the Scots, 2G7. 
Fac-similo of his autograph, 2l>8. 
His will 203. 2m, His Benefactor 
Oonyngsby, 2G9» 

Boreham Tithes, IBG. 

Borne, Bum, or Weatbourao, Licensfl 
to krenellate the, mause of, 108. 

Borrer, N. Esq., relics found at Bitch- 
Img, in poiieaBioti of, 247. 

*' Bfistall" the. at Ditchling, 245, 

Bouchett, M. Refugee, Minister of 
the French Church in Rye, hurial of, 
200, note 39. 

Bonrghchier, Thomas, Knight, 117. 

Bourn family, inscription, 288. 

Bourncii, the, French Refugees, 207- 

Bowjer, Sir H., 34, 

Box, Bei^jamin, inscription, 800, 

Boyle, Hon: Eoberl, cures of Val. Gratrix, 
attested by, 68 mt^f. 

Bracegirdle^ John, Vioar of Rye, 274. 

Bradb ridge, Augustyne, Vioar of Ry©, 
273, 

Bradford monumental brass, in St, 
Michael's Lewes, Animadversions on 
mis-statements relative to, 17. 

Bradshaw, Robert, Vicar of Rye, 275. 

Bramber, Barony of, 125, 126. Ita 
bigh-atewaril, 126, 

Bramber, causijway froro Beeding to, 33. 

Brotnston, Chief Justice Sir John, 102. 

Braticlretho, John, Prebendary of a third 
of Hoo, 144. 

Brandreth, Matthew, Rector of Waidronj 
86. 

Braoae, W. de^ claim made by, 105. 

Br&unflete, Johanna, Widow of Henry 
de, 110. 

Bray, Joseph, and Wife, inscription, 
2^J3, 

Brazier families, inscription 279. 280< 
297,302. 



320 



INDEX. 



BMo, ta1«0 of rvsti in, temp. Heii?7 

Brede Plaeo^ "Old Oxetjbricigo'* of, 

E20. 
Brian, Ferdiniind, GdoBtable of LoweSf 

3L 
Brioet, Sir Walter, Fomid«r of EbtttUigB 

Priory, 155, 150. 
Britfbtling acfiaimd bj John Ftdlen ^» 

Onyit of I'' rooi Wawso tn, Jl 1 . Bright- 

ltB« Prebend, UL 144. 
Brighton 8f> years ago, ttU. 
Britf Jitim " Jui^gft/' *t» and «oto. 2S2. 
Uriiikburvt, Roliert, tuurderer «id sui- 

old«t m, FaC'Siraile of tiiio p«ge of a 

** RalAtioQ" of hii ctitoei, d9. Exeou^ 

tion of the judicial Benlenoo em hit 

remains, 39, 40. 
Briicoe, Wffljt4il, Eflq., 1B4. 
BrittAnyf J oho, Duko of, tSS. Bin 

Oify to lIostiD^ Priory, 139. 
BrokHhj, Bich&rdf Dean of Ha«ti»g% 

154. 
Bromfleld fiunily, Patrons of By©» 276* 
Brook, Thomas Purton and Wile, in- 

aoription, 302. 
Brooklands, WA, 
Brown^ Anihouj, Qeot., 100. 
Brown, Sir Qeoigo, 39. 
Browtiei, Armorial Beanngn of, 24. 
finramo, Bir Anthony, Oraini of Hastinp 

OoB«ge ftad Prebends to, 141. 151, 

Bni«ii% Jobo. Vicar of Rye, 27H. 
Bnmofl, Eicbord, Bequset to Walditsn 

Chui^, by, §7. 
Browneip Sir ThotnAa, % belie^fier in 

Witcbe^h 225. 
Buohati, Lady, oarei la Bootlaiid, 

called by Uiq namo of, B04^ 305. 
Buckhunty John and fomily, in scrip* 

tion, 232. 
Buckhnrst, Thomae, Lord, 9G, See 

BackviHe, Sir ThomM* 
Buckingham, Duke of {fimip, Rie* ITI.) 89, 
Buiftsion, Ffanoia de, E4jfugc# ML muter, 

198, 
Bnlverhythe, Prebend of, 145. lis si to 

es:tont, Jtc, 14H 
Bui^henjh, Ucenae to repair buildini^ 

in, 113. 
Burkett fjwnily, inscription, 289. 
Burlington, Elij^abetb Dowager Countess 

of, PatroD of Rye» 276. 
Buni — Bee Borne. 
Burrell, William. Jun.» 341. 
BnrrclU Sir Willinm ; reference to MS8 

of, Sl.ftS. t*LliMJ. 
Burton, Mn* ; Henry Mtir^htdrs logaoy 

to, m. OoOMtcna of tho le>riK!y, 5S. 
Burton. MlMj (god^dan^hti^r of the te«ta^ 

tor), Henry Monhali'i^ legacy to^ 50< 50, 



BnrtozL Pkmil j ; Oenealo^ca] noto \ 

the, 53, m^ 6, 
Bnrton^ Thomaft de, and wifie^ gift 

Miehelhain Priory bj ^ 96, 
BarwB«hj valtie of isaiae ftate m^ tem^ 

Henry Yin. 176 
Butler's ironical re^^nnee to CoIoimI 

Lunsfordt 221* 
Butler famili^ inecriptiona, 280. 282. 300. 
Butler, G. Sinde, Esq. ; on th^ Yioarv of 

Bye and thctr Pistfiw, with copies of 

inscnpiioiifi in Ute Pulah Church and 

Baptiat Chaf>el, 27d-^80t. Quory on 

Hmmtkem iS^ujvni^iwt, 81$. 
BiiKted Oavet, Seottiih pnmllel to the, 

B04. ^5. 
Buxton Oatb^rfno, inaoription, 302. 
Byshopp, John, 30. 
Byshopp, Blcbard, Gon^table ai 

30. 
Bysihe^ Ber. John and Sir Edward^ 2fi 



Cade, Jack, Head QoarterB of, 110, 
Odman, Miehael Captain of the 

Ward, Eye, 77. 
Oadman, Elisabeth, inscription, 293, 
Ciidomo, John de, appointed Oaoom of 

Hastings Collie, 149. 
Oaffin, MattheWf result of a dlqiQtatko 

with, 87, 
Cambridge Camden Society^ inii-«tiile^ 

ments in a paper published by tlie, 7, 17. 
Camden, William, on Church of 8k 

John- sub -Cofitro, Lewes, and inictlp- 

tion to Magnua, l:i. 
Gamoia- Court Manor in IHtcbllti^, 24a, 
Oamoya ; armori&l beariuga of, 24. 
Camoys, Ralph de ; Manor onoe belong- 
ing to, dB. Action bronght by the 

Abbot of Bobertflbridgie against him, 

itid. 
Campion Family, former Lewes r^- 

dence of the, 24. 
Cinjpjon, Rev. C. H,, M.A., on mural 

paintings in Slaugbam Church, 237, 

239, 
Canterbury, Settlement of Wylloons in, 

200, I'radltion tiiat the? Oima torn 

Winchelsea, t5uf, ncte, 
Oardif, M. Jacob, Refugee Minister, ld4. 
Curiloco, John de. Prior of Lewei, oap- 

tuwMi by the French, 23a 
CarJetoii, Gcorfe^e, Viear of Rye, 27| 

Munumeutn! msertption, 2H2. 
CarletoD Family^ inscription, 2S2. 
Carpenter, John, Dean of Haptinga, 154, 
Carrell, John, High Steward of Barony 

of Bramber, W^m of, 120, SoQea&i 

at Law, il/i4, ruftt 2^ 
OariBU, Sir John, 120, m£& 29, 



H 



nn>EX- 



821 



■Ckrj 



CirtaaT, M. V »tehew, Refiiiree Minirter, 
1 m*. 8tic)cccda to tliG iiiiitisLry of the 
French Chtiffjh la }iye, 2tM). 

W, nud dniight«r^ infrcnptiorif SOL 

:t4.4iiiia BfU^n de JoiDvyk^ 185. Hit 

i&(?e«Hiiit of the capture (Lif Eoueii, 188^ 

OlUtsewuyv in Su*§ei, 82, S3, 
OKtmj^ AhQh, in^ripCaofit 2dU, 
Oivendi&h. J.ad/ Elitabeth, Patii^ii of 

Rye, £76. 
Oiwaiden, Sir TIiomaA, mnd Sir Wtlliam 

Goring ; Itivi^rttorio^ of Lord Admiral 

Sepnour** property taken by, 120* 

ISI. See CheseifOFth: Sheflield ; 

Worth, 

Will lam I Hospital foundiKl nt 
iter by, 305 » Gunn^iut^nc^ of 
~|lb beoomiiiff a rcj^cidc, ihid. 
Cboil, 81 r WilliiiTii, Lelters from th© 

M«yor of Kye to, im, 188. UM> Letter 

from Lord Cohham, 193- 
Oe^Ottlf. King af Mercia ; object of a 

Chrirter jamed in liy, 35. 
I ley nod Offham Turnpike Itoad ; 

eld trackway identical with thu, t^ 

IviogtoQ, grant of tilbe of com In, 
68. Locai pronyocintioii of tUe name, 

21 a 

ram* PutnwiUa de* Hospital founded 
by, !»-:.. 

eimlierlum nn<) Watson Families, fn- 
MripMonR, 1!8T, 

iMt, Oet/rgt and wife, itucrlplioQ, 

^ n, John, iQCQinb^t of Ditob- 

apfsH, Graoa, infteriptioij, inm. 
Sbspman, Thomas, Vicar of Rye, 27 L 
Ph*f|Sier; tise of a, 53, mjfe 9. 
^•Charkf Ezeklel, Eector of Waldronf ao* 

oestry of, M. Eestoration of inaerip- 

tlon on his tomt>, SB, i*7. 
Charles IL, Ueplyof 8. Jeiik^, BeUT. to 

a qtieMtion of, US, m^'^ 1 2, Hia ooo- 
Iment at OTingileao, 307, 

h^Tiep Hou^ Loudofii Stairtjoae in, 

hatfield Fatnily and Diteblmg, 252. 

on family, tnfioription, 282. 293. 

Lfne, John, Rector of Eoth<?rflold, 

ma. 

lenoy, Hif Thomas, taken prisotier, 233, 
!i*:*ew(jrth Manor ; Inventory taken 
tiii-re, L*o Jan., 2 Edw. vi.t Snl^eets 
of Uie Tap?HtJ7, 1 20. Furnitote^ bed- 
ding ami liiUe linen, 121, 122. Fur- 
niture of Uie Cbapel, 122, 123. Smith's 
foffe, Bakehoujseand Bruwhousi;, 123. 




BIaugfat«rhou««, Kitchen, ScTjIleiy and ' 
Barm, 12+. Cattle in the Tark, 124, 
liiS. Wa^^ of Keeper of Houso and 
Park, 125. Little Park In the Forest ^ 
VJfi. Names and wagia of Keeper, 
Water BailUTand Bailift" errant, 126. 

Chcamongef, Alan and Alicia, Donon of 
site for St, Clement'a Church, Hast- 
ings, 151. 

Gbejney, William, Gent, 100. 

Chicbeater, Roman SUtion of Begnum^ 
at ; a, Ourt hold there, l»y. License 
to re pai r f ortificationB, 113. Ch i cbes- 
tor lolMters, 232 and uaie. Hospitala 
In the City in Bishop Lake's daytf 

mm. 

Chichester Cathedral ; Henry Marsh aira 
bequest to the " Cbuiicb-worka ** of, 
6L 53. Fittidfl deirote<l to riB repara- 
ti4»n» in Eiiaatetb's reif^if 5L For- 
tiliefJ Palace for the Bishop, 114* Lo- 
etui proverb verified in the late fall of 
the Cftlh&lmi apiTO. 233, 

Cliiaheftt4?r. Bishops of; Richard Sam- 
son, 8. Kalph, 144. Gcoffry, 140. 
Btephc'n de Ikriistcid, and Gilbert do 
I^£ard, 148, Edward Htory, 15L 
17fJ, Ralph de NevilK 15S. Robert 
Eeade, ibid. Scffrid ii, 107. 172. 243, 
Praty, 176, 2.70. ShyrlM>me, 170. 
Rub<>rt Sherbouru, 2*12." Gill^tjrt and 
John, 270. Bishops King and Quiin- 
ing, 305. St^* 147. 140. Lake Moleyas. 

Chichester, All Hamtii : j^ All Saints, 

Chichester, late Karl of, exertions of in 
eon nee tlon with EastitigB Cattlle and 
Cburoh, 152, 168, 

Chicheuter. SL James : 8^ St James. 

Chiddiogly, Manor of, ^7, B8. 

ChiUington, Dilohling ondowod with a 
Farm in, 258, 

Ch ra nc h e. Si r William, Henry MarghaB *s 
Bequest to, f»4« 

Chrismaa, William, inscription, 203. 

Churches with round towers, IG* Legend! 
of sufternatural interferences with 
Churches and Churob-sitos, 67* 226^ 
227. 

Cia^^et, Oeori^; ClagH, William. 30. 

Olapsbaw, Jamca, inacriptiou, 290, 

Clark, Ann, wife of WilUatu Durraut, 
inscription, 21K). 

Clark family, ineoriptions (two rhymed), 
2Q1. 297. 

Ciufke, Hannah, inserlption, 300. 

CUyton Manor, 125* 

Cleveland's lines on Liuiifbrd, 221, 

Clifford^ Biehard^ Bean of Hastings^ 
154. 

Clinton and Say, Edward Lord (ttfter* 
wards Karl of Linooln), li^l. 

Clon«ef Maiy Ann, iuseription, 302* 

2 s 



322 



INDEX. 



Ck>bham, Sir William Brooke, Lord, 

Lord Warden of Cinque Poits, 181. 

His privileges interfered with, 182. 

Purport of Letter from him to Sir 

William Cecil, 193. 
Cobham, Thomas de, Bector of Bother- 
field, 3or,. 
Coflfe, William, Vicar of Bye, 271. 
Co<lynge», Hugh de, 94. 
Codj-ngton, John de. Dean of Haatings, 

l.>4. 
Co^er family, inscription, 29G. 
Coignard, Petter, " in exile for the 

gospel," 199. 
Coke, John, Incumbent of Diichling, 259. 
Colbran family, inscription (rhjrmed), 295. 
Coldham, locality and family, so named ; 

identity of the family arms with those 

of Covert, 810. 
Colegate, Sarah, inscription (rhymed), 

290. 
Coleman, Stephen and wife, inscription, 

298. 
Colinton, tithe of herbage and pannage 

in, 174. Its name omitted in modem 

maps, 174, 175. 
" Collectanea Topographica,** notices of 

deeds from, 1G7. 175. 
CoIIemede, Peter de, Hoo Prebend and 

its members divided at the request of, 

144. 
Collett, Rev. Peter and wives, inscrip- 
tion, 278. 
Collins, Arthur, notices of the two Sir 

John Pclhams by, 150. 
Combwell Priory and Hastings Priory, 

Agreement Ijetween relative to tithes 

in Ticehurst, 173, 174. 
Conipton, Grant to Tipper and Dawe in, 

40. 
Compton, Hon. Spencer, Patron of Rye, 

275. 
Compton, Lady Elizabeth, Patron of 

Rye, 270. 
Conde, Prince de, Orleans taken by, 1 82. 

*' In Orieannies yett," 184. 180. Taken 

prisoner, 192. In force by Rochelle, 

193. 
Connope, Richard, Vicar of Rye, 273. 
Conyber, Thomas, inscription, 290. 
Conyngsby, William, Recorder of Lynn, 

Benefactor to Andrew Borde, 209, and 

note 11. 
Cooke, Thomas, Inscription, 291, John 

Cooke, wife and son, 299. 
Cookham, Grant to Tipper and Dawe in, 

40. 
Cooper, Rev. G. M., on Wilmington 

Green Street. 55 rutte. Information 

derived from him, 81. 88. 
Cooper, Rev. Henry, present Vicar of 

B,y*i, 270. 



Cooper, William Darrant, F.8.A. ; List 
of Grants to Tipper and Dawe, com- 
piled by, 45. Acknowledgments of 
his services : by Mr. Blaauw, 104. By 
Mr. Turner, 179. On Protestant Be- 
fiigees in Sussex, 180—208. [See Pro- 
testant Refugees]. His maternal An- 
cestors the Sivyers, 206. On " Pudding 
and Tame,** 230 note. On custom of 
"Strowing** at Elections. 231 mfte. 
On Letters and Will of Dr. Andrew 
Borde, 202—209. [See Borde, Dr. An- 
drew].— See 215. 

Cooper family, inscription, 288. 

Cooper Family, Ancient Lewes Residence 
of the, 9. 

Corle, John, ' Shomaker,* 30. 

Comer, G. R., F.S.A., 119. 

Cotharan family. Inscriptions, 294. 

Coulton. John ; Religious Sjrmpathy be- 
tween S. Jeake and, 59. His Ante- 
cedents, ibid note 5. Articles of Faith 
laid down by him and Jeake, 59, 60. 

Court Family, Ancient House of the, in 
Lewes. 25. 

Court, John and Wife, 34. 

Courthope, George, married to Ann Ful- 
ler, 98. 

Courthope, Peter, Property purohased 
and conveyed by, 13. 

Courthope, Sir George, of Whiligh, in 
Ticehurst, 98. 

Courthope, probable origin of the name, 
310. 

Covert, Arms of, 25. 310. On the origin 
ofthefemily, 310, 311. 

Cowstock, Robert, Keeper of Worth 
Forest, 130. 

Cowstock, Thomas, Bailiff of the Barony 
of Lewes. 131. 

Cranmer, Archbishop, friendship between 
the Wyatt family and, 303, 304. 

Crawehurst, License to repair buildings 
in, 112. 

Cromwell, Thomas I>ord, and Earl of 
Essex, 8. 47. 85. 100. Patron of An- 
drew Borde, 203. Letters from Borde 
to him, 204—208. 

Crosskey, Mr. Robert, Lewes, ancient 
designation of house of, 32. 

Crosskey, William and wife, and John 
and wife, Inscriptions, 299. 

Crouch, Thomas; Mayoralty of Rye, 
usurped by, 03. Prosecutes Samuel 
Jeake, senr., ibi/f, note 12. inscription 
to his memory, 287. 

Crowham, liobert, the last Prior of 
Lewes, 4. 

Crowhurst Church, granted to Hastings 
Prior>'. 170, 171. Its value, temp. Pope 
Nicholas, and Henry viii, 172. 170. — 
Sec Crawehurst. 



INDEX, 



323 



CnilU Eobert. Dcao of HnatingB, 154. 
Oitmpe, John, IneumbenI of Ditcliling, 

259. 
Cruttenden family, Ub probable origSu, 

a&d ftrmoriflj bearingB, 310, 
Cuokilelii, teueraente gmiited to Tipper 

and Dawe^pt 4fi, 
Ciiek<ioe and lleathJleld Fair, 210, 
Culpeper Family, )i'ti. 
Oimil>e, Jtichnrd de la, and hfa wife Sy* 

biii& de u^m, ^4. 

C?nni, Jamea and Wife, inscription, 205. 
Cuihr<yl, King of KeEt,obj«ctof Charter 
Joined in bj, S5» 

D. 

XNuheiham, Liceoae to krenellate the 

roansti of, 1 1 2. 
IlaJIJii^a Church, 137. Its advowson, 

I5ti, UoTuplaiot agaioiit the Vicar, 

177. 
' BaliTniple, James, Ettq,, M, 98. 
Damvil^ Bobert, R^jqtor of Waldron, 

I m. 

^mlimdeUft, naphew of Cod stable Mont- 
^h moreosff cause of Impnsonmctit oA 
V 190 fiiif«. 

■ Daiiiat Bimilv, inflcriptionB, 292,^ John 

■ Daniel, mi. 

f Jkkunj^ «old tij Peter Courthope, IS. 

DaDsy, ThoTuaa, fined for not huryiug 

h'mw'tfii in wcKtlltsn, I'Ai, ^i}7, 
D&Mmym, French Kefu^eain Hye ; prt'aent 
representative of the familv of^ if Of I, 
tiyell, Roger. Prebend of, m, im. 
, G«org^ Esq. IGO. 
Annftof, 25, 

Willmm, ini^crjpUon, 278, 
ilMBily, ifiacriptbo, 26^. 
Bobertr— bee Tipper. 
fSuaily, inscriptionf, 27^. 283. 
■ugtoo, Elizabeth, iuscriptioo, 287. 
miff, Tlionias, Henry Marahalt'e le- 
to. 53. 
ly, John J inficnption, 208. 

Mi.t Letter from B. Jaaka, Senr. 

to» na. 

ifoYule, M, John, Refugee Minister, 

im. 

Be la Becbe, Nicholas, mi Offices held 

by him, 91, Propi^^rty hold by him, 

and Margaret his wife, 1 1 0, 
De la Chambre Family, notice of the, 

258. 
Delves, William, Rector of Waldroti, 

and Vicar of Frant, ftG. 99. 

ne, Hela di^, and her husband Jordan 

de Sackvilkv 84, 85. 
Dene^ Ralph de, and his oohcire«ies, 

Sybilla and Hela, 34, 




Dene, Robort de, and Sybill his wifej 
Grant of the Rectory of Waldeme by, 

83. yo. 

Deoe, Itobert de, grandaott of the above 

U. 
Dene, Sybil la dc, wife of Richard de la 

Cumbe, Comphdcit of Sjbilla de Ick* 

leabam againiit, 84. 
Dengato Family, inscription, 296. 
Dennis, Rev. N. R., inscription, 302, 
Deanis, Rev. N. R., Rector of East 

Blatehin|a:toni inscnptiona com muni' 

cated bv, 302. On Urns found in tha 

Church", 309, 
Dennis, Richard aod wlfia, inscription, 

293. 
Dcnny^ Anne, married to George Qodnf, 

25, 
Denton, Edward, Inonmbent of Ditch- 
ling. 251I. 
Dtintou, Font in Church of, 4, 
Deve, John, Vicar of Rye, 271. 
Devil and St. Dunstan, 221, 222. 227. 
Devil*a Dyke, 222. 
Devonshire, Duke of, Patron of Rye^ 

27G. 
De Warren, Earl de, Claim of Edw, n, 

on, 2(>l. 
De Warren, John, Earl of Surrey, Grant 

of Market sod Fair to, 248. 
De Warren, William, Grants by William 

tbe Conqueror to, 242* His descent, 

De Warren, Supposed brass of a, 17, 

De Warren. — See Warren. 

Dicker, Thomas, Esq., on 8ir Thomas 
Heneage'fl Prayer Book, 313—^15- 

Didd, John, and Wife, inBGriptions, 293, 

Dieppe, Slaughter of Protestants at^ 181, 
Ceded to England by Treaty, 182. 
Escapes of its Protestant inbubitanta 
to Rye, 183. 187. 190, 191. Surrender 
of the town, 183. Montmorency*! 
promise to the inhabitants, 185. 186,, 
190, mte. Refugees from the town in 
Rye in 1572, 195. 19«. 197. 

Dimock's Manor in Ditchling, 248, 249, 
n7te. Probable origin of tbti nam€^ 
24»», tiffte. 

Ditch, William and Wife, insoriptiati, 
302. 

Ditch ling, local hbtory and tmdjtlona 
by Rev. Thomas Hutchinson, M.A., 
Vicar, 240. One of King Alfred's place* 
of TGsi d en ce, 2 4 1 . I ts var tons names in 
early records, ildd. Given by William 
the C-onqueror to William de Warren : 
Orant by the latter to Lewes Prioiy, 
242, Conflrmation Charter of Mow bray 
Duke of Nortblk, and otlicr deeds, 
242, 243. Ajssanlt on Sheriff Hast* 
ings (temp. Edw. 1.) 244, Grant of 

2 s 2 



324 



IKBEX, 



tb« Manor ftud Eeotorj hy HtitiTy 
¥nt to Ann^ of CieTe«» 245 » "The 
Botftall/* ibid, Momno Encamptncnt, 

CbJt, Coln&t dihi Silver Spoons founds 
340. 24", J«»cob Harri*» the Jew 
KuFdev^r, 247, Bematna of imci^fit 
numu&m: Piiviiigtilea fbuiid,24K F*lr*, 
Marlietet ftad MftnorA, ihid. Owned 
of tbe 11tb«s, 24&. 251, PiilTOiii pf 
the LlvlUR, 21^. 2.*9. Noteworlhy 
feftturca in the ArQhitwtum of tho 
Churoh, 2riO, 251, ^,14, 255, 
Notioet of iD.«criptionft to Members of 
lh« Turner Faraily^ 2^1— a.H. Tho 
ChAtfield FamUy, 252. 258. The 
Poole FttEDily, 259. Kotk» Eetum 
for the PftTifth, 255. 2m. Valuation 
t&mp. Pop© Nicholna, 256. Comioenoe- 
mt'ol of the lU^i^t^tera: BuriaJt in 
woolleti, ihfd, Forms of Begistry of 
illegittmRte children, 257. l^edigree 
and Be^flters of the Mitohel bourne 
Fumlty, 257, 25B, The De In Cham- 
bre», 25ft. Wills of Niuholaa Why- 
tyng and Stephen ^ Wood. 258, 25*>. 
List of Inourabeoti, (1442— 1H55) 
259, Old timbor-frMned buildings, 
and locnl impreMiODi la to tfieir an- 
tiquity, 2G0, Longerity of the in- 
habitants, ibidf note. Alleged under- 
grround pasaage, 201. Traditions aa 
to conneel:ion of «*ininpnt personage 
with the looilily, ihUl, Ste av.}, fiaU 6, 

Dixter, or Dixthemi?, 112. Lieeneat to 
krcncUttte the Manors of Dlxtheme 
and Udeyroere, 110, 117 

Dobell family, probable Lew^ residencie 
of the, a@. 

BodemaneiftwykeT lOO, 

Bole and •» Doleitt^ d»y." 2.12. 

Bomefiday Book, Eitmctfi from^ 81, 

DonnyngB, John^ Mayor of iXye, Boport 
from, to Lord Burpfhley on etmngera 
within the Town, IS>S, 

Doraetj Elohard Earl of^ Pivtron of Bye, 
274. 

Dorset J Robert Earl of, Hofpital founded 
by. S06, 

Boreet, Etu'li ftnd Dukea of, Patrons of 
the Living of Waldwm, 80. 

Double, Walter, Benr. f Tenement In 
Lewei alienated to, 3d, 

Dow nob am, Eev. John ; Religioua 
Writings of, 6ft. and fwie. Hia 
paronta^, time of death, &c., ihld. 

Dratton (Oxon), Lieeufi^ to krencliatfl 
Manao of, til. 

Ducntt., John, Prebendary of PeasxDarsh, 
143. 

Dumbroll, 40. 

Dunk family r Inacriptloni 21)2. 



DunTan*^ History of Iiewea, qtiol 

froim9. 44. 
Durmtit, WiiUam, Itoetor of Botlterfield, 

Durmnt fkmily, insi^riptione, '^m. 239, 
Diurie, Samuel, West India MJt&ioiifiiT, 

in^cHptiont 2tJ0. 
Dwyer, JemtnialL, inecriptioii, 2§9* 
Dyke, Philadelphia Lttdy, Gift ta WaJ- 

dron Church by, 102, 
Dyke, Sir John, Materials of Horcham 

Maiision oonTerted by, lf*l. 
Dyke; Thodnas, Jonn Wahib nsarried to, 

101. Horehajn Manaion probal }1 y built 

by him, i&ul. Deatha of them and 

their son in aam© year, 102. 
Dyke, Sir Thontaa, Knight, married t& 

Catherine Bramilon, 102. 
Dyki% J^ir Thomaa, Ist Baronet, Con^iti- 

tnenciQS represented m Parliamesit by, 

102. 
Dyke^ Sir Thoman, 2rid Baronet^ resnorei 

to Lulhugstone Ca«ftle, 103. 
Dykes tome, John, Vicar of Bye, ooa- 

iii-med in his Vicimige. 270. 
Dymond, Saqeant-Major^ inscription, 303. 




Eartham Priory, 46. 

East ISlatchinifton, monumentel in scrip- 

tiona communloateil by Eev. U. N. 

Dennis, Hector, MYI. Note by him on 

Dma found in the Cliureh, 3(k). 
EaBtbourae Bundav Jollitiea : ♦*Sopftand 

Ale," ^i^. Great tythe feaat. *1TX 
EastgrinBt«ad,Hoepital founded by Roltert 

Earl of Dorset in, Zm, 
Ec«clcs)a«tical OommifisiooeFB, Manor in 

Ditchlingheldby, 24B, 
Eohinghano, Armsi of, 25* 
Echingham* Thomas, 117. 
Eehyngham, Patrons of the Chnrch 

1 45, Legend of t b e bel 1 m the Ch urch 

Moat, 227. Ste Etchyngham, 
Eohyngham, William de. Prebend of 

Hadtin^_9 and other Church pmserty 

appropriated to Bobertahridge Abbej 

by, HO. 
Edgar, King, flouthease granted bf. 
Edicts, see Amboiee, Nancy, 
Edhi^tone Hundred, 81 . 
Edward L, Granls of Free WamBo 

111. Hid diapute* with the 

bishop and Diocesan relative to Hj 

ing» Priory, 147 — 150. 
Edward if. kept hia stud at Ditchli] 

241, note^. 201. 
Edward, Prince, f(mp. H. in, 5, 
Edward n., TCiting plaecs of, in 

8araex PtogrcM^ SI 2, aia 
Edwardi fHmily, fnio'iptloiis* 291. 



^4^1 



INDEX. 



325 



Jolin^ E»q.» Hheriff of 
me of JftTeliu Men of, 230. 
Graulio Tipper and B^we In, 
46. 

EYiMihethf Qticcti, ISO, Aid fuTDmh«d 
V»j ber to the Frerjch and Flemish 
t^t^t»nt>i, I m. 1 93. I'urport of Bull 
of Piun V. ni^inst her, 193 ntft^*. Latin 
•enkmoea n«cnl»ed to htir, 314 ; their 
il^Leaitd ot^'osion unknown. 315, 

Ellkittt J* and wife, tn^riptioa, '2HiX 

Ellk, Sir Henry, K.H., F.S.A., oa Invea- 
torifiiof jtood^ Id Manor of Che8«worth, 
Sedgwick, and other Parks, Hsnor 
Place of Sheffield, F->reflt of Worth, 
Lord Admimt Seymour** Iron WorkSj 
Ace, 118, 119. [Sse Inventorica.] His 
tiotei om Ovlngde&n, 307* 

EUis, W. S.. Eaq., 81 ma/^. On the Gale 
femUy, 307. On the origin of the 
&mily of CoTert, 310. 

Elmer or El mar, Rev. J., Vicar of Rye, 
273 \ threateniog letter from httu to S. 

Elmcstooe, J11Q16S, Inscriptton, 283. 

Elrvngtot)» Edward, Chief Butler to Edw, 
v., 117. 
L Elrjngton, Sir John, LioenEe to krenol- 
K late granted to, ilti, 117. Offlceaheld 
H^bjhim. IIT. 

^Kfell^ak, Robert, Fiebeodary of BuWer^ 
^^ hitho, 145, 
^■pmerjt Thonnksrand John, 47, 
^jBrvy(ka]e, WIlUaDi, Prebeodarj of Hoi* 
■^ Hn^toQ, 143. 

Espenett^ David, inscription, 294. 

Eipuiettea, French Refo^ee Family, 207. 

Eaa«x, I'homai}, Earl of, 100. See Crom* 
well Lord. 

Ithelwulf, alleged originator of Rome- 
Aeot or Peter^peneo, 1 74 jiote. 

Ko, Alice OoantesB of, 140. 144. 
U, Eari of, General at the Battle of Has- 
tlngi, 133. Endowment of Hoatingi 
College by him : See Hnatingfl. 
ci, Henry, Earl of, Chartera of Confir- 
fnation to Hasting College from, 134. 
170. 

n, Robert, Earl of, 135. 14f1, 
u. Earls of, unjust gei^ure of lands by 
the, 136. Lilier»l bonefacton to Has- 
Priory, 155. 
Prebeod of, 186. 
Armorial bearings of, 25, Wil- 
liam Ever^rd and hia daughter Maria, 

EwHilfBt, (Yowerste), Church of, 137- 
Value of HentK, iemp. H. vnt, 17G. 

Ewhuf»t, Preljend of, Notices retalbg to 
tlie, 141. 

£x]ii«tw, William, put to dmth for Tirea- 
iOD, 266. 




F. 



F»iH<sft, decliDeof the, 2011, m% 
FairligUt Vicarage, pensiim p^tytible by, 

HI. 
FaUl^ty, Sir John, taken prisoner, 233. 
Farefi^ifl, \m. 
Far 1 cy , V Icttrage of, 1 1 0. Onml of Free- 

warruu iti 111. Value of rent*, temp, 

H. xnu, 17(1. 
Farr, John and wife. Inscription, 21^7. 
Faukcsj Henry, Pr^bendaryof Wartlinif* 

144. 
Fftwkenor, John* Hertndalea Mao or sold 

to, 91. 
Fay wate an d 1 ta fal ries, 2 1 0. Ita d ragon , 

223. Ita widow woman. 224. 2a5. 
Fet^rei (or Feugerea) Ralph de, and 

family, 310, 31 1. 
Fenyw. Itoger, Knight, Grant of Lieenst 

to krenellftte to, 115. 
Ferkband, Kicholaa de, Dean of Haatlnga, 

154. 
Ferrii^, John, Incumbent of Ditchling, 

253. 
Fcacamp Abbey, Norroandy, Patron of, 

the ancient Churchc*i^ of Uafitingis, 15L 
Feyrher, Eiohard^ Incumbent cf Ditch- 

linK, 250, 
Field, Thomas, 4B, 
Field, William, i ascription 293, Mary 

Aon Field, 2l>5, John Field (rh>'med)v 

298. 
Figg, William, F.B, A., on Old Leww, I— 

48. {See Lewes]. On Sujiacx Tradai- 

nien'a Tokens, 309. 
FiHScsndont Thomas, 13. 
Fiasber, John, Rector of Waldron, 86. 
Fits -Alan, Edmund, and Edmund, Jun,, 

1G8, lfJ9. 
Fltz-Altin, Eleanor, 109. 
Fita-Alard, James, 169. 
FitEallak, William, Prebend of, 135, 
Fita*Aucher, Henry, 16S. 
Fita-Emeric, Ralph, 174. 
Fitz-Gilbert, EUas, Deed of Sale from 

to Hastings Priory, IfiH, 
Fit^-QiraVjcr, Gilctus, 171. 
Fits- Hani mo the, Hugh, Land bought by 

Itobert de Icklof^hara of, 170. 
Fitislambert, Walter, im. 172, 
Fita-Robert, William, 161>. 
FItK-aampeon, Berfcin, 169. 
Flai^on, formerly used by the Protc^stant 

Refugee Congregation at Uyc?, 208. 
FJt'mifigs, policy of Edward iiL in en- 
couraging setttemout In Eiigland of, 

IHO. Engliiih towns in which they 

setticfl iiTid*}r Elizabeth, 193. 
Fleming, Alard lt% License Ut rebuild. 
Fletcher, J ohn , D nu J M 1 1 i^ I, place and date 

of birth of, i^TX 



326 



INDEX. 



Fletcher, Bichmrd (&ther of the dimmat- 
Ut), Vicar of Rye. Bishop of. Bristol, 
of Worcester mud of LondoD, 273. See 
of Bristol, how impoTmshed by him, 

Fletcher and Blackman £unilj, inscrip- 
tion. 289. 

Flocer, Hugh dc. Pt«bend of, 136. 

FolkvDgton Parish, Henry Marshall's 
legacy to the poor of, 52. 

For^ter, Ruth, inscription (rhymed), 290. 

Fortification of Towns and Houses ; see 
Royal Licenses. 

Foster, Caroline, inscription, 295. 

Fowkcs, John. Dean of Hastings, 154. 

Fowle, Eliiabeth, 98. 

Fowle, Susannah, inscription, 296. 

Fowler, Simon, Prebendary of Ninfield, 
144. 

Foxhunt Manor in Waldron, 87. Infer* 
ence from its name, 2S. Its early and 
later possessors, 8H, 89. 

Foyce, Henry, Offices held and emolu- 
ments received by, 125. 126. Segnlao 
129. 130. 

Francis and Mannooch Family, inscrip- 
tion, 281. 

Frank, Elisabeth, 98. 

" Frankpledge," Law of, 99 note. 

Frankysshe, Robert, Rector of Waldron, 
8G. 

Frant, Dr. Delres, Vicar of, 99. 

Freeland. W. H., Esci., M.P., Informa- 
tion communicated by, 86. 259. 

Freeman. George, of Lewes, 30. 

French, Joane, 98. 

French, Sarah, inscription, 299. 

Frewen. Mr. ; tenement in Lewes, held 
by, 38. 

Frewen, Thomas, marriage and issue of, 
79. 

Friars, Minora — See Grey Friars. 

Friese, cloth of, why so named, 54, rwte 1 1 . 

Frj-man family, inscriptions, 292. 

Fuller children, inscription (rhjrmed), 
290. 

Fuller, Elizabeth, of Tanners, 95. 

Fuller, John, of Rose Hill, 98. His 
coal-mining experiment, 103. 

Fuller, John, 47. 97. 

Fuller, Captain John, of Tannere, 95. 

Fuller, Mrs., result of a theological dis- 
putation on, 87. 

Fuller, Richard, Herindales Manor sold 
to, 02. 

Fuller Samuel, of Tannere, 97. 

Fuller, Stephen, of Tannere, 95. 

Fuller, Thomas, on 'the charities of the 
Oflleys, 93, 94. On Sussex proverbs, 
232. 

Fullere, ancient Lewes residence of the, 
37. 



Fallers, or Fnlwers, of Tanners, origin 
of the, 97. Their acquisition of pro- 
perty in Waldron, 98. Pedigree of the 
family, ibid. 
. Funderav, Robert, Incumbent of Ditch* 

< ling, 259. 

< Furby Family, inscription, 290. 
Fync'h Family, residence of the, 163. 
F>'nes, Thomas, Prebendary oi Holling- 

ton, 143. 



Gage, Edward, 47. 

Gage, Edward, Esq., of Firle, occanon 
of Henry Marshairs bequest to, 50, 
56. When High Sheriff, 56, naU 18. 

Gage, Sir John, property in Lewea leased 
to, 33. 

Gains, Hannah, Inscription, 297. 

Gale family. Notes on the, by W. Smith 
Ellis, Esq., 307, 308. 

Galloway, Ambrose, property in Lewes 
occupied by, 33. Consequenoea of his 
Quakerism, ibid^ nate. Varioos penal- 
ties inflicted on him from 1662 to 
1685, 44, 45. 

Gamayes, M. and Family, arriTalin Rye 
of, 193. 

Garmouth, John, Dean of Hastings, 154. 

Garratt, Thomas, Prebendary of Wart- 
ling, 144. 

Gassons, or Gastons, French Refugee 
Family, 207. 

Gatesden, John de, and Hawesa his 
wife, 95, 91>. 

Gebon, M. Refugee Preacher, 198. Name 
turned into Gibbon, 206. 

Geere, the, of Ovingdean, 307. 

Gensinges, William of, 169, 170, 171. 

Gestelinges, Benedict, 169. 

Gestelinges, John de, 168, 169, 170. 

Gestlynge, value of rents in, 176. 

Geymyshe, John, Incumbent of Ditch- 
ling, 259. 

Gibbon, W. and Wife, inscription, 285. 

Gibson family, inscription, 298. 

Gilbert, Ann and Nicholas, inscription, 
302. 

Gilbert, Lord Chief Baron, Book pub- 
lished under the patronage of, 76. 

Gilderidge, Thomas, Esq., Parentage of 
the Wife of, 53 twte, 

Gilliat, William, Esq., owner of Fox- 
hunt Manor, 89. 

Glazier, Elizabeth, Inscription, 281. 

Godden, Thomas, and Family, Inscrip- 
tion, 293. 

Godfrey Family, Inscription, 296. 

Godman, John and Jane, 247. House 
built by William Godman, ibid, 

" Gooding-day," 232. 



INDEX. 



327 



I 



inoflmench, NicUuloB, 47. 
U*XMlwm, Jobu, it}, 
Ut^odwyn, ThoHiafl, Site of AuirifltlD6 

Fpiara' Cbapel, Eye, purchasod by, 

21*1, 
OorJng, Oeoffe, of Oriagdean and Lewea, 

AUc] his MurHtifi^a, 25. 
Ooringt Geor;^'c. of Oanny, 34, 
Q^rlngt (fporg^ Lord^ nfterwanls Earl 

of Norwich, obliged to e«ll hia eit^tes^ 

13. His iiarcnt^ge, 25. 
Qoriitgt CJoL Ge<jrge. cooflequences of 

the extravagftaec of, 13. 
OortJjg, Henrys Conveyanoe of tbe Bull 

Inn, L^w&a, to^ 15. 
Gorlitgt Sir WLtliazui his degoendaut!!, 

25. 
Qoriii^, ooD version of the fkmily man- 

■toQ of the, 14. Armorml bearingi, 

24, 25. 
iley^ Jimea, InBcription, 29ri. 

M, Jobti; Refugee Minister, 

m 

Ofntrix (or Orentorex) Valentine, the 
Curer by touch ^ OH, aad not^, TO. How 
et]f«8 ve believed to have been 

^SPmtwfcke, Thomas and Amy, 253. 

QraunaOD, Tboro&s de, 110, 

Gnivett Family, inscription (Fhjnned), 

Oreatham Manor granted to Tipper and 

Da we, 48. 
Greballi and G rebel I and Lamb Families; 

tnauriptiona^ 2B7. 
Of^e^torex, see GratriJt, 
Qreem Street i Localities known by the 

tinme of, 6G mtte, Wilmington Gruaen 

Street, Ikid. 
Qreeiie, Tlioniaa, Complaint of the Prior 

of HoBtiog^ agam»t, 177, Hia reply, 

ibid. 
Greene. Edward, property held in Lewea 

by, 3B, 
Greene, John, Astrological Lei ber from 

S. Jenkc, Senr. to, 7^, 73. 
Orceriwich. East, Manor of^ 45. 
OritifitefS (or Grynsted) Manor, 125. 
Grey Friars ^or Friars Minors), S2» 

Their P«jSBe»Bionfi in Lewea, 33, 

,di| iitaccy, F.S.A., Abiitraet^ and 

Sodom of HaAtinga Priory Dc«ds 
by, IB7, 175. 
Oi^ll, William, de, Dean of Hastings 

154. 
Oueriii Family, Preneh Refugeefi, preAent 

peprcisentniivea of, 206. 
Guilford, Sir Edward, Patron of the 

Vi4.^nige of Rye, 271. 
Qtiise, Dnke of, attack on the Protest- 

aDta of Dieppe by, l*j«l, Hia Miis^acre 

of the iiihabitantfl of Vaaay, 182. 




Entry Into Rouen, IBfi. His **irTet 
othe," 187. Hia attack on Rouen, 
Ift8, lei*. iSt'i'alao im. 1 91. 

Gundrada, Wife of William de Worren, 
242, ADitcliiing tradition concern ing 
her, 2G0. 

Gurley, R. and Wife, inaeriptlon, 2D0. 

Ouruell, Thomafi, Incumbent of Ditch- 
ling, 1251*. 

Gurr, Sarah, inscription, 208. 

Guy Family, inecriptions, 32, 293, 

Gujamerdona, or WertUng, Prebend of, 
134. 

Gy b«on, By chard, 50 yeans servant to 
the Duke of Noriolk and his aucestorSf 
1 20. 

Oygyntone, aafiignment of tithes of, 
130. 



Haddock Family, inflcriptioni, 277, 275. 

2«5, 
Haffenden, Mercy, inscription, 282. 
Hagbam, William, Rector of Eotherfieldi 

Hailaham (Helgbani), Henry Marsbairi 

legacy to the poor of, 52. Local pro- 

nunciation of the name, 210. 
Ha i sell family, inscription, 294. 
Haklord, William, Henry Marahairs 

legacy lo, 5B. 
Hall, Nathatiiei, Roman villa found on 

Landa of, 3, 
Halland, in East Hoathly, irw. 
Hammcnid family, former put^geaiiori of 

Tanners, Jl7. Their houae, m. Their 

vault in the Cburch : lingular entriea 

in the Pariah Register In reference 

thereto, 09. 
Hamon^ M. Hector, Befngee Minister, 

194, D^condanta of the family, 206, 
Hamon, Thomaa, inscription (rhymed), 

2dO, 2H 1 . Appenrancea at hia deoeaae, 

2$Q mfte. 
Hamper, W., Esq., the late, 222. 
Hamsey ; Grant to Tipper and Da we in^ 

48, 
Han ley, John, Inoumt)ent of DItchling, 

250. 
Hardlnge, George Richard, inacrlption, 

3<>2. 
Hargravos, Jiimes, Rector of Waldron, 

m. 

HarJngot, or Harengod, Kicolaa, hus- 
band of Mybilhi do ioklesbam, 84. Soe 
alao Heriogaud* 

Harleatone, John de. Dean of Haatingn 
154, 

Harm an, James and Margaret, insarip* 
tions, 29R, 21*9, 

Harman, John, of Lewea, 30, 



328 



na>EX. 



BMrmtr, Th'xzuu, Prior of Htrtingi, 

17'*. 
JlitnifUm fftmilT. invrnption.«. 290. 
HArri*, Huarh. ftoicuyr of WaJdrrjo. ^. 
Harris. Jatfy^fri, t(te J«irw mnrvlerer. 247. 
IfarriA^m. .Iain«f. iuicrifAion. 2W. 
HarriiK,n. John. Minuter at Rye. 59. 
Harrt* (m HarriA). Sir John, locom- 

Wiry hM by, 110. 
Hamliaiii ; Graot to Tij>per aod Dswe in, 

4«. 
Hart. Bartholomew; Henry Hanhall** 

l^iw^y to, /JJ?. 
Hart. P«rcival, Ecq., of LallingBtone, 

Hart ridge. Francei. married to Samuel 
J»Ake. 01. Her ante-nuptial rcquisi- 
tirm'. i^uf. Retnuter of the marriage : 
r<»Wl*;nce of her femilj, ibid mfteM. 
I/;tU;r l>efore marriage with a signifi- 
cant jKMtiicript, 02. Caiue of her eariy 
df^atht t^u/. 

Harti^liome, Elizabeth, married to S. 
.Ieak<% Junr.. 05, mute 15. 

Hartifhonie, Richard, to hit wife white 
c/Mjrting h«;r, 05. n^ 15. 

Harvey FauiilieA, inscriptions, 296, 297, 
299. 

HanH/ick, John, Prior of Hastingi, pen- 
sioti allowerl to, 17H. 

Harttirii^M ; T. R/ms, on ancient inter- 
\u*'.\Aa Ht, ;j<w. SU^ne arrowhead 
fourirl, 'MY.). 

HaMt.int:« ^'a^tlo, prfi^cnt state of, 132. 
lU iViM'AMiX. U> itM prerient [KMAejtsor, 1 40. 

Hiwtirii^H College and Priory, and Priory 
of VVurliN'ton, by lU;v. Kdward Turner, 
M.A., l.'{2 — 179. Prci*ent condition 
of IfaMtin^H (JaHtle, 132. Foundation 
of "the Oillejce or F'ree Chapel of St 
Mriry in Cantro," vhiil. Constitution 
of the (Jollegc afl efltabliHherl by the 
Karl of Eu, i;W. It« first Dean, ihid. 
Extent of the Earl of Eu*» claims to 
be rej^arde^i a» itn Founder, 133, 134. 
Conlirmatory Charter of the EarPs 
grandrton, Henry, Earl of Eu, 134. 
The Prt'hemh'. I. Prelnind of Wertling, 
or (luyarnerdonM and itri endowments, 
i;U, 135. II. PrelMind of William 
Fitzallak, iti4 l>enefactor8 and en- 
dowinenU, 135. Probable cause of 
itM dJHHolution, Wid. III. IV. V. Pre- 
bcridH of Hugh de Floccr, of Hubert, 
de Maybcnt, and of EiiHtace, their be- 
niifiMjUjrrt and endowments, 130, 
137. VI. PrelKjnd of Aucher 
and itH endowments, 130, 137. 
Vn. VIII. IX. X. Prebends of Tlieo- 
bald, of (JeolTry do Hlanche, of Ralph 
Tayard, and of liogcr Danyell, and 
their uuduwmcuts, 137. Sources of 



to Ike 

moo, 13)^. Fundi lor tiie Choreii or- 
namentation. tK/. Confimwtory 
erideoee of contents of originnl fixm- 
dation Charter. 133, 139. Gifts of 
John Doke of Brittu J to the TreMmry 
of the Chorcfa. 139. Valoe of the 
Deaoery and Prebends at their disao- 
latkn. 'Uni. Escheat tA the College 
to the Crown, 14a Bestowal of iu 
rereooes at its dissohition, and ralue 
of the same. Ul. Soaroes of the 
Dean's income, ikid. Questions of the 
Site of the seren Chwchcs of Hast- 
ings, 142. 143. Talne of the endow- 
ment of the Prebends in Pope NicJio- 
Iss* Taxation, and at the time of the 
diasototioo re s pec ti r e lT. 143. Peas- 
man»h and HoUington Prebends ^eir 
holders and valae. ihld. The like of 
the Prebends of Hoo, Nhifield, and 
Wartling, 144. Prebend of Bright- 
ling. 144, 145. Connection of William 
of Wykeham with the College, 14& 
Prebends of West Tbarrock, Tam- 
worth, Marlpas, and BolTerfaitbe, thld, 
ParticuhirB relating to Balyerfaithe, 
146. IncoDTeniences caused (temp^ 
H. ir.) by non -residence of Preben- 
daries and regolations ooncemingaame, 
146, 147. Freqaent disputes between 
the King and the Archbishop and 
Blsho[n} of the Diocese as to jurisdic- 
tion and submission, 147. 150. Ar- 
ran^rement by which they were put to 
an end. 151. Ancient Churches of 
Hastings never in the patronage of the 
College, ibid. Particulars of Grant 
from Henry viiL to Sir Anthony 
Brown, 151, 152. Remains of Church 
of St. Mary in the Castle, 152, 153. 
List of the Deans of the College, 154. 
Priory of the Holy Trinity (" the New 
Priory ") and founder of same, 145, 
155. Cause of its removal to Warble- 
ton ; beneficence of Sir John Pelham 
on the occasion, 155, 156. L?^ee Pelham, 
Sir John.] Grant of its possessions by- 
Henry VIII, 157. Present owners of 
the Priory property, 158. Mistake of 
Tanner, in his " Notitia," relative to 
the site of the Priory, 158. 160. Re- 
mains of the Priory, 160. 162. Legend 
of the skulls, 162, 163. Present aspect 
of the Priory Lands, 164. Hospital of 
St. Mary Magdalen and its founder, 
164,165. Entire disappearance of the 
Priory Buildinjfs: Last glimpse, 165. 
Effects of inundations, 166. Notices 
and Abstracts of Charters and Deeds 
relating to the Priory, 167. 175. Sur- 
vey and Valuation of the Priory Lands, 



DTOEX. 



329 



¥ 



ju 

^ 



1?€, VisitatioDB of tbo BlshopB, and 

rafttters tlioa reported on, 17il \7$. 

LUtof FHoi^, with the^idowQieiitdof 

the Prior, I7fl. Sml of the Priory, 

ITS, 1T9. 
HaattQ^ Bape, tiumbor of armed men 

eonlributea in L340 by Eeligious 

Houaaa to Hie, 17^, 
Haatlngi Family, B^nefnctors to Haet* 

iDgS Priorj and ^ilcJe Abbey, im, 
B^tingB, HaUhcw de, Bbedff of Sqj^ex, 

ai»ult on, 244, 
fiaffwell family, In^rtptjon, 284. 
Hftliortt, Jolm ; carriage »^ribed to^ 26. 
Haunted bouses, 219, 220. 
Hftvikwid, Eev. G. E,, Hector of Warble- 
ton, 179. 
HavootiefibcTb (Hnwkeaborougb) Hun- 

dretl, 3L 
HavTfc do QnuoB—^Sec KewbAyen. 
I^awklnnggede Waldryu, Grant of hU 

Eitateaby, 100. 
Hay, M^yor Eiohard and Wife, inBcnp- 

tiona, 278. 287, 
Hftydoo, George ; property in Lewes^ 

held by, S3, 34. 
Htyes, Will jam and wife, ioicrjptlon, 

_iBj, Mr*^ reffrenc^ to M^S, of, 81, 97. 

^yw^ family, 295. 
Hiywjird, Thomas, oir^timfltantial e^try 

of the burial of, 25(1. 
Hayirard'B Heath, 210. 
Haxledeo Honor, 157. 
P»liiig or * Hlltyng/ definition of, 53, 

iwteS, 212. 

ng a Church, 213. 
Heame, Thomas, authorship of *' Tom 

Thumb,*' ascribed to Andrew Borde 

by, 2*i4. 
H«»th field Parish, 95. Herithfleld Fair 

and thti first cuokoo, 210. Rostic 

l^ronouci&tLon of the name, i^id* 

Anecdote of a Heathfiijld labourer. 

Heaver, Mary, inscription, 34)3, 
Bvigbei Sir Juhni Henry Marshaira 

li^acy to, 53. 
Heliingly Pariah, 95. 
HeUhjun, see Hailaliam. 
Hemmings, Jemima, rhymed inserip- 

tion, 300, 
Heiupe, Proverb of. 2S3 m^. 
Bcneage, Sir Thomas, description of 

prayer book of, 318, Mouitory verset 

written by him therein, 314. 
Henry itL and the Barons, 5. His shelter 

after his defeat, 5, G. '* Eing Harry's 

Mill," 6, 

enry vin*, DJ tab ling Manor and Reo- 

torj' granted to Aane of Clevea by, 

245. 

xin. 



he 

I H.y 

^ m 
~Hir 

of 
Hay 
Haxk 
||^H«ali] 

H. ^^ 
VtaealJ 

' MoArr 



Henehaw, Dr. Joseph, Bishop of Peter^ 

borough, aneeatry of, 9, iwfe 3. 
He lis haw Family, old residence of the, 9* 
Herhidalea Manor in Waldron, 87* 

Origin of ibs name, B9. Its sucoesgire 

owners, 90 — 92. 
Heriogauds, Heringaotes, Heringots, 

Family of tbe, S9, Tlieir arms, 90, 

Their pos^eeslons in Heriudales and 

Posaingworth, 89—92. 
Herringham, Grant to Tipper and Dawa 

in^ 46. 
Hertefelde, Oraut of Jree warren in, 

111. 
Hertinge, Lioense to fortify the Manor 

of, 107. 
Heesell, Euth and husbftnd, inscription, 

2<14. 
Heysthot Manor granted to Tipper and 

Duwe, 47. 
Hicks Family, inscription, S^G, 287. 
Higgiugs, Richard^ inscription, 284. 
Higgona, Humlry, Inoumbent of Ditch- 

Itug, 2y9. 
Higgon^, WLtiiam, Tarses to Samuel 

Jeake, sen., by, 77. 
Hilder Family, inacriptiooa, 300, 
Hillary, Mary, inscription, 294. 
Hillmaa, Mr. Robert, architectural 

olianwter of the house of, «7. 
Hilton, Thomas, Prebeodary of Holling- 

ton, 143. 
Hinkley, James, inscription (rhymed,) 

292. 
Hoad Family, inscriptions, 202, 296, 

297. 
Hoathly, See West Hoathly. 
Hoke, aimon, Prebend of Marlpas, 146» 
Holbacho, Hugh, Prebendary of Hoo, 

Niniield, and Wartliog, 14*. 
Holcom, John, Correspondent of S. 

Jeake, Senr., 7T. 
Holcote, HeUas, Biotor of Bcrtherfleld, 

ao6. 

Holford Family, inscription, 279. 

Hollington Chapel and Tithes, 137. Pre- 
bendary of Hollington, 141. Eudow* 
meuts of the Prebend, 143. Value of 
Rentfl, temp, H. vm., 17f». 

Hollowav, Meryon (drowned), insorip- 
tion, 287. 

HoUoway, William and Wife, Gift to 
Rye Church by, 258. 

Holloway, Thomas, injscriptiou, 300, 

Hollo way's History of Eye; quotationi 
from or references to, S4 fwU 12, 66, 
77, 333 n&fe 22. 

Holman, Barbara, afterwards Harding, 
subsequently Hartshonip, ^3 nata 15, 

Holmes Fnmlly^ inscription, 264- 385 

Holt Family, iBForiptloiii, I?95* 

Holter, John, Jen,, of Lewasj 30, 

2 T 



830 



INDEX. 



Homewood^ Edward, of Lewea, 30, 
Hooye (or Hooey) Johti» Heury Mar- 
Abal]*B Legacy to, 5i, Eeddenoe of 

Honyiroodf WilliaiOi inBcription, 299, 

HoniaSf Jomca and Wife, iiL^Griptioii, 

294. 
Hoo, endowmLmU of Preliciid of, 144. 

Hoo, Sir Tliotqtta, aft^Jrwllrdft Baron 
^uitiiif^, 140. 

Boo (or Howe), William, Eeotor of 
Waldrofi, 25. 86. 

Hood, Mary, Ingcription, 3@3. 

Hooker. Eicbard, the " JmlioioQa/* m. 

Hooper, Jumei (drownod), InsoHptioiii 
299. 

Hope uid ElmeBtoa ^milies, inoorip^^ 
tloafi (one rhymed), S8B. 

Hopemot, Grant to HnatingB Priory of 
Jbandfiln, Iti'l 

Horde, Edmund » Prior of Hmton 
Charterhou&ii, liM, 

HorchfLm, Legend connected witb tlie 
Church Field at, 87. 226, Its extinct 
Mttnor, 88. Snocjeasiye Poaseason ol 
the Manor^ 100, lOL Horeham Man- 
sion, 101* Timber fonnerly in the 
Park, 102. Present occupier of the 
Uanflion, 1 03, 

HoTBfletd, Thofl. W., Soa&ejt HifltoriaB, 6. 
100, 158. Hia explanation of the 
Dmgon of St Leonard* Forest, 224- 
On old tif^iges, 231. 

Hor.sficld. William, macriptioii, 293. 

Horsham Borough , 125. 

HorEited Keynea, 85. 

Horton Mayhonk, aliaa Horton Horsey ^ 
Grant to Tipper and Da we of Manor of, 
46. 

HospitaU in. Susseje^ Biahop Lake's Re- 
turn on, 80&, S06, 

Hoepites, what they were, 135, mJt^. 

Eotlier, TbomaSj complaint of the Prior 
of Hastings against, 17B, 

Hougham, Dr. James, burial place of, 
254, 

Houndean Manor^ tenement in Lowes 
held by. 38. 

Hounsel] family , inecriptionj 28 L 

Eo vend on family, iuscriptiotts, 282. 289. 

Howe (or Hawe), Willkm, Dean of 
Ha«tings, 1S4. 

Howe, Sfl*Hoo, 

Howghton, John, Prior of the Charter- 
houae, 263, nei^, 263. Put to death 
for treason, 2B^. 

Hoyron, Eustace, lOG. 

HudBon, Thomosi Incumbent of Ditch- 
ling, 259. 

Hudson, Thomas, Vicar of Rye, 276. 
Mortuary inacription, 284. 

Htighfie iamilj, Inscription, 296. 




Httgenota, immigra^fcion into Suaaox ' 
the, 180. 

Hull, John and wife, 297. 
Humphrey, Henry, Property in 

of, m. 

Hunter, Margaret and Hnmphrey, in 

wription, 295. 
Hur&t Monceuxn Lioenoe to krenellate, 

115. Value of Benta^ t4^mp. H. VHL 

176. Local prononnclatioa of the 

name, 210* 
Hurst perpoint Manor, Tenement in 

Ijewes held by, 37. 
Huioe, Heniy and Katherine, Licensei 

to kreneUata panted to, 107* \m, 
Htiit^, Rev. A, ; Leg^d related by, 83, 
HutohiiiBon, Rer. Thomosi, M.j\., oq 

the transmisfiion of loc«.l tnwiitions, 

240. Date of his Incumbency, 2^3. 

Se6 Ditch ling, 
Hyde, Walter de la, 95* Manorial 

rightfi claimed by him, 99t 
Hyload, Joeiab, in^riptton, 2^9. 



I. 



lekle&ham. Robert, and Ralph 
IGS, 170* Deeds of Gia and 
firmation fmm Ralph to Hoatingv 
Priory, 169, 170. 

lekla&ham, Sybilla de; Chapel of, 82, 
yo. Terma on which she vtm allowed 
to build the Chapel, SS, M. Gau«e of 
her coniplaint to the Exchequer, M. 
Her husband and her pedigree, I^UL 
Question as to the Site of her Mansion, 
85. 

lokleaham, Property of Hofitlnga Priory 
in, 1G3, 

lokJt^ahom, Ealph, Parson of, IBS* 169* 
lTf>. Value of reuta, temp. H, nn., 
176, 

Iden, Manor of, 109, 110, Iden Church, 
137* 

Ifold, Thomas, buried in Hammoiid^ | 
Vault, 99. 

Igglesden, Sarah, inscription, 284. 

Ina, King of the West SaxouB, repul 
flmt Granter of Rome-aoot or Pel 
pence, 1 74, n^r. 

Ingnwn, Jamea, Esq., Monor in Ditch- 
ling held by, 248. 

Inold, William, Vicar of Rye, rrgiatiy of 
burial of, 271. 

Inundations, frequenoy of, ineirly ttmet, 
106, 

Inventories, ancient* valne of as evT> 
deuces of mode of life of our anoeslorti 
118. In ven tories of goods, cattle, &c,, 
belonging in 1549 to Lord Admiral 
Seymour, See Cheseworth, ^Jedg- 
wiok, Sheffield^ Worth, 



ete^^ 



INDEX. 



331 



Manor In Wftldroti, 87, 8S» 
lim bouDdariei and auoccaaive posgas- 

held bv, 3B. 
Isted, Rfcbard, 42. 
IvcfT, Eluathiui^ IncuiTibent of Diteh- 

iing, 2y9, 



^. 



J, 



^ 



Jacluon, HeDry, property in Lowed beld 
by» 3H. 

Jackson, Rev> Michael, Curate of Wal- 
dion, 99* 

Junes, ThomoA, Rector of Waldron, B%. 

J«ake; ortginofthe family off 57« Pedi- 
freet 7ft* 79. 

J^kc, Henry ; trade, residence, and 
family of. r*7. 

J«ake, Samuel, Senr., of Rye ; Biogra* 
phieal Sketch of, by T, W, W. Smart, 
Esq., M.D. HtB parentage, birtli, isc, 
57, Character of his mother, G7, 5B, 
Extracts from John WiJmahurjit'a 
Jelters to hi't mother, 68, His account 
of her laat day^ aod dealh, 58, iVl>. Oc- 
euioa of a ehangu in his religioua 
views, /i9. Doctrinal propwitions then 
bud down by him and hiti friends, 59, 
60. Becomes ralniater of a couven- 

»tiole: Joiiepb Nic(iol'» remoo a trance 
to him tht'reon, 60. In praotiue as an 
Attorney : made Town Clerk, iltid. 
Marries : Parentage of his wife, *1U 
Ante- nuptial requisition h of the lady 
with Biibsequent oommonta thereon, 
ibid. Extracts Jrom the Marriage 
Register, ibid^ nett. Cause of the early 
death of his wife, 62. His iiersever- 
ance as a sectarian preacher, ihld. 
Threatening letter from the Vicar of 
Rye, n2, flH. Chronological memo- 
^^ ran da of his Son, 03* Summoned 
^^k before th« King i step taken by bim 
^f to avoid prOBiiOUtion, ihhtly mrie. Let- 
^t tere fmm hini, while in concealment, 

to his Son, Gij— 4>"j. His Bon's memo- 
randum of his death, HG, His cha- 
mcter as a Puritan: t^tate of the times 
1^^ in which he lived, i^id, Hia contro- 
^H versiea with bis friendij on ri*Iigiouei 
^f matters, 116 — 71. His addiction to the 
^t practice of Astrology, 71. His nativity 

of and letter to John Greenefield, 72, 
73. Letter of astrological requisitions 
to his Son. 73. Hi» own horoscope 
with bi^ 8on*s versus thereon, 74, Hia 
alchemical leaniogt* : Extent and main 
features of his libmry, 7.j. Works 
TJtten by him, tAf'rf. Hitiposthiunous 
bblications '' Logisttcelogia/' and 



** Charters of the Cinqne Port*" : valno 
of the latter, 76. Summary of his 
charact€!f, 76, 77, Verses to him hy 
William Higgons, 77, Bite of his house 
and place of his burial unknown, iUd, 
Hi? pedigree, 78, 79. Number of Re- 
fugeos io Rye as given by him, 199. 

Jeake, Samuel, Junr, ; ExtraotB from 
the nativity of, 63- Lettens to him 
from his futber while in <!on0ealment^ 
G3 — ii^. His wife and her parentage, 
fiidt msftB 15. Eifl note of bis father 'a 
dfittth, 60. WA Tenee on H& father's 
h(»roaoope» 74. Istue of his marriage^ 
7a. 

Je^eris, Samuel, Encumbent of Ditchliiig, 
2.>9. 

Jew in Family, French Hefbgeee ; 2O0. 

Jobe, the Anglo- Saxon Jupiter, 21 1, 212, 

Jooeaux, Peter de. Prior of Lowes, 92, 

Johanna, Prinoesa of Wales, 110. 

John of Oatint, Place house built by, 
1 r>8, 

Jones, Inigo ; House in Lewes designed 
by, 24. 

Jonea, Eev. Lew la and wife. Inscription, 

Jony?, Robert, complaint of, against the 
Prior of Hai*tings, 17H* 

Jordims \ Family Residence of the, 51, 
nots 14. 

Jortlen. Thomas j Heniy Marahairs Be- 
quest to, 54. 

Joyce, Simon and Alice, 110, 

Judge, Eliisalwth, inscription, 297, 

'* Juggs," 26 and nMe, 



Kay, yit., Architect, 1153, 

Keen? Street, Lewes, derivatioti of name 

of. 9. 
Kemp, Mary, inscription. ftOO, 
Kemp, T. and T, R., Lewes residences of, 

20. 23. 
Ktjiup, William; Ambrose Galloway pro- 

secnlcd hy, 45, 
Kompe, John, Prior of Hastings, 17B. 
Kendall, Henry de, instituted Ticar of 

^y^, 271. Prays l<^vo to sue for titho 

ol fish, ibid. 
Ken nett family, inscriptionflCone rhymed) 

283, 2h4, 2*.K). 
Kent, Thoma» Holland, Eari of, 110. 
Kent, Earls, aod Widows of Earls of^ 

iia 

Keyllway, Ralph, Rector of Waldron, 86, 
Ke?yne, John, and Joan his niece, 34, 
Keymer, Grant to Tipper and Da we in^ 

46. 
Kcnytiton, John de. Rector of Eothcr* 

field, 3U6. 

2 T 2 



3Sf 



l!aiiEX. 



•t Ike Hoiiw oC, 44. 
Eidilir, KktePd, Jim., of LefVM, 90. 



~ mwBf Mvior psated to 

t Jobn, Qi&oa of Hwatliiga, 147. 

Ksa|iti Ftarfc, oUtlt io, t3& Mmam tttid 

«nfpa of Ecqieni IM, 
Kmtchbull Elbdbetll, 57, iwC^ 3. IS. 

K&i^t ^unjlf of CofideBf KML 
Knight, Jftioe«Y IniCTipljim, 29^ 
Knigbtd, George, inacripticn, S9S. 
Knott ftamilf , ukjcFiplioii, 383^ 
Knox, Rot. a. £.. 32S. 



Lads, Tbomu, of W^rtMoa, ft$, 
ImkA, John, fitftbop of dififsbaitiAr, Be- 
turn by, on Hoopil&l* in BuhcEj 9I)&, 

IaIe% Mslibsi^ Tiav of Bjr«i, 27L 

S87, 
lAtii^ WillUuii, Incumbent of mtoktiiigt 

2S9. 
lAmbedmrsC, Qmota to Tipper and Dawa 

1&,47. 
Ia Mote* in Men, neftr Rye* su<?o^sivie 

po t m m o Ts ot 109, Lia Iio«oae to 

WieilKte, 110, 111. 
laopldge, W. v., Esq,, &otu« of, 3T> 
lATdbMr, jQbm H«ddoekt inieiipHoii, 

279. 
Larke, Peter ; Letter from S. Jeftke, sen,^ 

to, 67. 
lasaet GuUl&ume or WilUamf Refugee 

Biioif ter of tbe Fr«ii<^h Church m By«^ 

baptkm of ton^ of, 199, 
Ia Touche. IL d«T Ee/ugoe Frenob Min* 

ieter in Winchelaea, aid sought from 

Uye for, 2W noU. 
Laugtiton Church > L>7, 
lA\]ghtoa Mmnor, site and owners ofn, 

87. O^rners previoti£ to the Pulh&nrnr 

88, 100. 

L»wghton ; Gmnt to Tipper mod Dawo 

in, 48. 
Lawrence, H., tnacripti*m, 27 1^. 
Lawftnce, Mtiry wi Huaband, iuscrip- 

lion^ 3<N>. 
Ij^ver, EUjwbtiUi, Inacripilotit 2S9, 



of, 10^. 
Lee, nioBMft 4ttep Prctwnd of Balt«r- 

hillie, t4£. 
LeggAtt, IMiat, Dean i^ Hiwtlngt, l&L 
Lefugn, Johaa, nefqfDt IdtiMer, 190. 
Lekynfeld, .S** Leoonfiild: Spoffofd. 
Lelftnd, John, o«s St Hiebol««*s Ho^jftal 

a. 

Le SaTvge, Family of, 105. 

Le Walewieie, or Le Waltimrp WiTtiam 
Aikd Bpger, Bmscaea in Parliament 
Isr Iiewei, 31, 

Lew«A, OK Memorialfl of by W, Wigg^ 
F.S.JL, t. Ita aneienl wesierD «o- 
tnaee, S, Beatitiful alto&tiou of the 
old l^own : llie Uldm md, Evidetioei 
of early dweUeta, % SL l^)eaUU«a in 
which Roman relioa ha^e b«e& fiENxiid: 
Qneatiaa aa 10 itabeiDg^ a RoniAn ata- 
tloQ, 3. Uoipital of 8L Nicholas, its 
rile, probable fomider, date of itB'' 
ntider, tos^ 3, 4. Chureh of St. Mary 
Weatotit (now 8t Anii*a>,aiid its ftmt, 
4. Baltle of Lewoa : Eoofee of ilw Boy- 
alist Poroea, be^Me and afier, S. Poa- 
aible iite of Che windmill teffefrod to 
in aooounta of the Battle, €. 23. The 
Htd» and '' Sontkeaaa,*' 6, T. Bev^. 
J* M. Neale's mia-^tatementi relatiTe 
to Prior Nelond'a fonecal proccsiion, 
7, ITtiion of 9t Peter and St, Mary 
Weatout, 7, S. Irehmd'a Lane and 
tbe Wallanda, IM. Old Munston of 
the Sbdley^s C*tlie Vine ') and the 
Grammar Sobool, 8. Site of "' 
Petcr^a ; boondarlia of tJkfi pfldali. 
Burning of Aniaocfa Street, 8, 9. 
Ann's Hoiiaa^ and Its aaooeesiTe 
eupiers, 9, Keeie Street, derivation 
iU name, i^id. Hatthew'a Alma* 
houd^: the West Gate, and naa to 
which it was pnt, 10. Town Offioee ; 
penalties on refractory Headbdrougha, 
10, IL Circuit of the Town WaU, 11, 
12* ChumcterSsticB of old ehnreh 
and chnrch-yard of St John Bvb 
Oaatro, Ounden on the old church 
and Hie Ma^ns inperipikni^ ihid^ 
Ancient aepeet of the High SI 
looking eaai. ll^ la. Honee of 
Oorings, And the Bull Mating HottwJ 
la, 14. How fimds were raided ' 
the Meeting Houae, H. Cai 
figitree at the oorfiera of tbt; Bull Itn 
16, Church of 8t. Michael in ft/rfi, 
peealiaHty of ite tower and eplte, 15^^ 
16. Union of St. Miehael'a and StJ 
Andrew's, Id, Persecution of the 
Quakers, 1*5. 22. Mary AkehAirst ^nd 
her brute of a ho^b^nd, 16, 17. Mil 
itatetnent relative to BrnK^i** in 
Hichaers, 17. Ancient Market Hi 



I 



[moi 
onof^l 



I^TDEX. 



S.33 



I 



y oyna 



■nd die of tho Marltet, thid. Mnrket 
toHtf gT»tit4Hi by the Earl of Warren, 
IT, 1^. PoiiltoD and extent of the 
OwHk, IB. Wanton dispoeaJ of por* 
tiiHii of ita wftUa, 1% Romftn re< 
nuiitifl fbtind within lis preciuctn, 3, 1^. 
Origf&fi] features of the Keep : eubee- 
quent olinnges, 20, 21. The llnrbicftn 
or OfttAway, 21, 22* The Caetia 
Qremi S^umin^, 22. Sit© of 8t. 
MArUn*a Chufcli, 23. Winterboura 
•tti^Mn^ and the mil J pond, 23, 24. 
BHt»ot the Eaat MilJ and the Wt>£t 
MIU, 23, 24. 44. Lost ff^niaiiw of tho 
Church of Bt. Mur>^ in the ^tnrket, 24, 
Aliment nianaion of the Pt? J haras and 
Oudpiatia, and iti ihields of arm^^ 
oynngs, kt^, 24, 25. Houst? of the 
Oourt IkmUy: ike Ck>nntj Hull, 29* 
Aiolilleotiirftl features of tho Whita 
Hart; its former tiwnor, ihid, Tho 
Old Town Hflllr Fiflher Slrt^et, fttjd 
the •* Jnggs/^ KB and jwto. The Star 
Inn and the SLaui^bam atairoaae, 37, 
Buiorical ftfi.Hioiiition of St&r Inn^ 2B. 
Ibi aooient cellar : use made of it In 
Qnaen Mary'^ days, 28, 29. Petition 
0>ltli« towPBfoik to Henry VIIL, 28, 
29, St Nicholas or tho *» Droken 
Qiureh/' and (iabriel tho toirD bell, 

29, Grant of tho Church by Qiieetj 
EU»H 20, iiO, Its subBequent mut«- 
tiotiB, and ultimate razing of its dite, 

30, 81. Payment for ringing GahHj^l^ 
tho Curfew IjoII^ 3L Walwer's Lane, 
origir) of ttie nnme, ibid^ Union of 
the Pftrishefl of Ht. Nicholae, 8t. Peter 
the Les«, and the Holv Trinity, a« All 
iaintfi, 32. Pin Well, Friar'a Wall, 
and preauuiod »itea of Hi*ly Trinity 
Church nod East Gate^ ihid. Site and 
extent of tlie property of the tJrey 
Friars, 3?i Its subsequent occupiers 
and owners, 33, 34. Latent rcmiains 
of their ancient buildings, 34, Teno* 
ments held by outiylng manors, 3^. 
37, 38, Dc3tnit?tion of St. Panorajs 
Priory and con^'^rsbn of its materialji, 
M, fiemains of timlH^^r and half- 
timber hou«ci, 341, 37. 4h Hite and 
onx!tion of Albion Street, 3y. The 
Turk's H^Jad and its association a. ibid, 
{See Urink hurst.] Det*«Hption of the 
Town fn>ni '* Magna Britunuia," 41. 
Winter regidencee of county fioniliee 
in the town, 41, 42, Their habitit and 
mode of livinR, 42—44, ^ites of tlie 
Eoal and Went Mills and East and 
WiAst Ports, 44* Keferenoca to tlie 
Map, 45. Lands held by Tipper and 
Daire in the Town and elsewhere in 
Suasecs, 45— 48. 



Lew€« BATony^ 135. Name and Wair^ 

of its B4<c«iver, Steward, and Bailiff, 

126. 131, 
Lewea Friory, License to krenellat^f 

112, na i^St. Pancraa Priory, 
Lewes, Stephen , Prior of Hafi tings, 178. 
LeweSf William de, 147. His appc^nt* 

ment as Ueiin of Ha^tingi Priory rep 

stilted by the Kmg, IM). 
Lewis, Elizabeth and husbandf iDserip- 

tion, 21^2, 
Lewis, ReT. J,, Rector of Kairt Blatch- 

mgton, and wife^ inscription, 3t>2, 
Lewis and Knott Family, inscription, 

2&3. 
Ley, Hot, John, B.D,, on Waldron. itg 

Churoh, ita Ha&iiions, and its Manors : 

See Wahtron. 
lioeoiei, Eojal. Ses Beyal Liccn<tefl, 
lidgotUd, Bic^ard, Beebof of Waldron, 

86. 
Lighttoot Family, inscription, 29B* 
Lilies of St, Leonard'a Fozteat, tradi« 

tiOD of the, 225. 
Lindrige, Walter de, Dean of HastingSi 

iri4. 
Li nil eld, Edward, Incumbent of Diloli- 

ling, 2-"j9. 
Litlyngton Pariish, Henry Manhall^i 

le^guoy to the Poor of, 62. 
Lloyd, George, 8ailor, rhymed lnierj|i« 

tioQ, 299, 
London City, Loan contributed towards 

defeno«jof French Protcatanta by, IHt. 

Eustic notions of London, 219, note 6* 
London, Edward do, Dean of Uaatiuga, 

lfi4. 
London and Brighton Railway Com* 

pany, property in Lewtss sold to the. 

34. 
Long, Baker, and Underwood Family, 

itiBcriptiot), 285, 
Longley, Jane, insoription, 300. 
Lovard, Thomas ; Henry Mar^halPg 

legacy to, 63. 
Lower, Mark Antony, M.A., F,8.A., Re* 

ftidpnce of^ 9. On Henry Marwhall's 

Will, 4i*— 51. Drawing by bim, 1*J0, 

On Old Spooch and Manners in 

Susnox, 201*— 231J. iSrr Old Bjieoch.] 

On fiTfoexation of Sutton Cliurtrli to 

Si ; t (' « . 1 , 31 5. 1 fom> It tion com m u n U 

ciLLiU by him, 25. ti7 Wtff r H, HI. 8T, 

lJ*a noUu 116. 80e also 242 moU 6 

2m. 202. 2^14. 
Lower, Mr. Nynian, notioe of a drawlnir 

by, 27- 
Lnckie, 8eijt.-Miyor, inscription, 295. 
LuUin^fitonu Caitle, Kent, Femoval of 

the Dyke family to, UKJ. 
LuHynglon Parish, Henry MatihalPa 

legacy to the Poor of, u2. 



:iU 



pmEX. 



Mlieoated by, sa, 
Loiufoni, Oolond Tli<M3i«ft. m cmtiibui 

in popol&r b&tl«f, 23L 
I^Exfordf John, Qtmker^» meeting in thn 

hotue off 44. 
Line^ John, Dam ol HftsUtip IM- 
]4f9Pon, John, Frmoh Eefyfeo is Eje, 

mm. 



UwAcfeld (or Mftj£cldl Ortat of Fre« 

Wftfton in« in. ^sSer Mjnjlicld. 
Uagnnt (bofied in 3l John Snb Ottsti^), 

Oundcoott, 12, 
Mjuif H«iii7f on Brighton 86 yearm a^, 

311. 
Manon and M&nctisa, Saxon coins, 

difference in %-&.liie of* IT'^t i«^'<^* 
Mnnndfi. &-^ OJd Speech and Old 

MunneriU 
MaDDington family, ra&idenoe of the, 

urn. 

M^ojioodh family I iDeoription} 28!. 
Mimon^ tenements held in towns bj^ 

85. Object of «ueh holdingSt i^id. 
Manser family, in^cnptlon, 2t^7, 
KainliBnt, John, itiacfiption, 295. 
Mareyf Ralph, Vicar of Rye, 27 L 
Mwkviolt, Thamiw, of Bye, eanise of the 

■eianre nod Bale of th« goodi of, 65 

Marlpfift, Prebend of, 145. 

Mnrrows, French liefng^et, &mi1y of, 

Manhftll, B]ixal)eth, and her aoni ; 
Benry Manihftirii bequMt to» 54. 

Marfthall, Henry, Fn^^*h PriesI of WiU 
mingtoD : Preliminary Obfiervatiom 
on the Will of, by M. A. Lower, 
M.A,, F.S,A., 49— 5L lUuBtrationa of 
Conn try-Clergymao -Life afforded by 
ffueh Will, 49. Tlieologieal st&teof the 
times in which the Testator lived, 
ibid. Extent of his household stores, 
wardrobe, library, Jtc, 49, 50, 
Character of ^n/e of hia bequesta, 
riO» 51. His bequests for ♦church 
work*/ 51. Copy of hiu \Vill, 51 — bit. 
Dale acid place of probate, 50, and 
nsU Id. 

Marshall, Kicbard; Heaix Karahairs 
bequest to, 54. 

Kanhall, William ; Henry Man^Uali*s 
bequest to, and €ondition(» annexed 
to iame, 53. 

Mary, Queen; Edward Underbill's dii- 
guise at the c<»fouation of^ 50^ fux£^* 

Mriryham, John de, \}2. 

Mathew, Jone nud Kateryne ; Henry 
Marshal r$ bequests to, 54. 



Mathew, John and wife; Henty 
ahairi beqnesta to, 54. 

Matthew, Thomas, Es^.. beqneat for i 
of Poor of St JCchaeld, Lewea, 
Property sold by him to He 
Gonng, 15. 

Mattoek. Anthony, Inciuiibent of Ditch- 
ling, 259. 

MamuteJl (or Manwpll)^ Lioeoses to 
kmnellate granted to. 105, 106. 

MacM, Harrv. infieripiion, 295, 

Majbent, Haboi de, Freboul of, isej 

Vajfteld, Talu« of tanenaaDli Um^^ < 
TnL, 176, Local pronnnclilion 
(lie name, 210. Gburdi biiiMing 
legend, S^- Mayidd Flttse ^ 
•oene of SL Dunstan'i ocnflkt wtUt 
the deril 221, 

May Poles, disappeamnoe of« 231. 

Medwale, Hmry, Prebendafj of^Beaa- 
manh, 143. 

Meechlntjr, 1 15. 

Me^w, t, and wife, Inacriptiotn, 2S5, '_ 

M«1 borne, Bichard, Hector of Waldrtm, 

Mercer Family, Frencli Befngeea, 2C(^, 
Merlnian, now Meryon, French Eefi^gnt 

Family, 207. Gift to Bye Chur(?ti by 

one of its deseendanta, 208. 
Merrick, Sir Charles, notice of draw- 

ings by, 117. 
Meri^tham, Surrey, Omst of free wnireo 

In, Ul. 
Meryon Family, Inacriptiona, 279. 307. 

8et Merinian. 
Miehoel, Dean of Hastftiga, 154. ICS, 
Michuel, ^mpson, incumbent of Ditc( 

ling, 259. 
Michell, Eanger of WortJi Fom 

emolumeots of, 190. 
Michell familiee tn Suaseit, 126 ttet^ 30, 
Michell, Befugee Minister, im. 

descendant Ke^. Henry Michell, : 
Michell. .^^Mychell. 
Middleton Manor, 125. 
Middlekin, J., Herindale Maaof pnr* 

chased by. 91. 
UJdylmore, Humplireyi put to death for 

treason, 2GG, 
Miles, Innkeeper of Ditchling, and wife, 

murder of, 247. 
Mill, William, Hector of Woldron, S$. 
Miller fiunjljes, iuscrtptioni, 279. 282. 

288. 
Mills and Stonham, inscription, 300, 
Mitch elbourne Fanjily, pedigree, 

Bnptismal Eegistem, 2m. 
Mittel lamily, former poflsei«Ofi 

Tanners, 97. 
Mittel I Children, inecription, 298. 
Moleyns, Adam, Bi&hop of Chjoh« 

puiport of License grunted to, 135* 



X^DEX, 



335 



I 



Bobert, 8tock*ke«per, Worth 

Foreat, 130. 
Monk ton, Stophen, Prior of Hoftingt, 

178, 
Monnoax, Lewia, of Wotton, Diattied to 

EliE^beth Wnlsb, 10 J. 
M*mXa^^, Anthonj Brownep 1st Vit- 

Moiitfori, Peter dQ, IDS, 106, 

Moiitfcut, Situon de, rout of the King'i 
Kon?e« by, 5. *i. 

Moatgomerj, Earl off Commander at 
Boaeii, Ida. Hli escape, 184— IB^. 
Bcplf of th@ IHeprpe peopte to his 
uiesasftge^ ifrfi^- Interview of Mont- 
umrency with his wife, 18fi, How he 
ejected hia eBcape^ 1B9. lii com- 
miiDd in Picard}% IftS. 

lfonttnor*ocy, Conatable of France, 
Et>iteii attack erl by^ 183. His protniae 
to the inhabitant* of Dieppe, 185, I^Ck 
190. 190 fwte. 11 IB eotry into Eoucm 
180. Entry into Dieppe, 190. Taken 
prfioner, 102, 

Moor«» SflTflh and Abrftbam, Inac option, 

IftKjre, WIlHam, mardcred by Robert 

BrinkbuTOt, 38, 

!ore, Sir Will jam, of Loscly, 312, His 

klfer pointing out a resting place for 

Edward vi, on his Bimaex progrcsa, 

313, 
Morel, Louli, French rcfunee, minister at 

Uy^f 190. Hifl marriage, and baptism 

of bj« HOB, 200, Force<! to leave for 

want of meana, (hid. 
Morley, Capt Williamj 59 net^ 5* 
Morley, Mrg., ID. 
Horrfa Families, inBcripiionflt 21S. 281. 

285. 293, 
Morris, Tliomaa, Theotogieal Oorreapon- 

denes© between 8. Jiika^ Senr, ami, 

C7— 71. 
Hort&ia, Eirl of^ poftieaaor of Waldron^ 

8L 
Mortimer, Roger, supposed retoaohtng 

of ni«ral paintings by» 238* 
Mofis^ Hidtorian of HaatingSf mistake of 

Bifihnp Tanri«;r fl<!opted by, 159. On 

the decay of Hastloi^ Priory, 165* 
Moaae, WilUawi; Beiineat to Waldron 

Ghorch by, 87. 
Mote, La, See Ijb, Mote. 
Mounkencourt m WithyhaTO, Omnt of 

Mftnor of, to Ha«tiugfi Priory, 1G5, 
Mmmtfield Churchy 13G, 
;ouut Martin, Matthew de, License to 

krenelkte granted to, 108, 

Tbcmiaa, Duke of Norfolk, 
iif Church and Land m Ditch- 

nttgtf, 242, 243. 
Munddidd, Omut of tree warren in, 111. 




Mural PiaTnttngii, dtftoorerodln Slangbam 
ChuK?h, 237—239. 

M order and Suicide at Lewes* Sm 
Briukhurst — ^Triple Murder at Ditch- 
ling, 247. 

MutuantonUi Lewes poasibl j the Homaii 
8tAHoii of, 3. 

U jchelbomii, John, 2BB. 

Myobatlt Bdrnond, Steward of Leww 
Barony, yearly fee of, I2ti. 

MycheJl. •'^ee MieheH. 

Myers, John^ Vicar of Rye, 27fl, In* 
acription to hia memory, 2844 

Nabba, Mary and Anthony, inacriptions, 

292, 
HaiiU«, Ee vocation of Edict of, 180, 

202. 
Navarre, Anthony of Bourbon, King of^ 

mortally wounded at Rouen, 187. 187» 

n4fte^, 188, 
Neale, Rev. J. M., min-statenients of^ 

relative to Tliomaa Nelond^ Prior of 

Lewes, 7. 
Neve«, French Refugecfi, faniily of, 2f>6. 
Kev-jlie, Balph| Earl of Westmoreland^ 

110. 
New1)ery, Francis, coal mmlugin Buisex 

attempted by, !0;i. 
Newcastle, Pel ham Duke of, and hifl con- 
nection with Lewes, 24, 25, 
Newdlgate, Sir Boger^ ancient reaidenoe 

of, 9, 
Newdigate, Sebastian, pat to death far 

treason, 2(j*j. 
Newbaven (Havre de Qraoe), ceded to 

England, 1B2. Trananctions at and 

concerning, 183. 164, 185. 187, 190, 

lOL QiVK^n up by England, 11*2. 
Nawlok, Grant to Tipper and Dawe is 

48. 
Newton, Apeley, 34. 
Newton, Edward, of Lewei, 30, 
Newton, Lawreoce, of Lewes, 30. 
Nieholas, Pope, taxation of, 143. 145. 
Nieholls, JohOf incumbent of Ditchlingp 

259. 
Nichols, John (Jough, F.S,A., 50 

«irf(?. 119 jwU. Hastings Priory 

deeds in his ** Collectanea Topogra- 

phiea," 167—175. On Brighton 80 

years ago, 3U. On progress of Edw. 

ri. in Sussex, 312, 313. 
Nichols, Joseph ; Eemonstrauco to S. 

Jeake fh>m, (TO, 
Nigbtingalee, antipathies to, aaintJy and 

nnsaintly, 2S3. ii23 nnf^. 22,5, 
Nin field, endowments of the pnjbeud of, 

144. 
Norfolk, John Duko of, 99. 



336 



ISDZX. 



I^orfolk, ThomM I>:ike of. bentowal of 
pr^fp^rtr of. in 1 S4^ ftfter hU Attainder. 
lln. HU dauifhter lUrg&ret ii9 

Xorf'.lk. Duke of. Ser Mowbrmy. 

Kr/ith. J»rri Chief Jfutiee. 76. 

North am pt^m. Earh of. patrona of Rye, 

27'.. 
North :iTn».^lftnH. Earl of, &1. 
NorrhiiinU'rlaurl, Ei<»iD'^ CoanteH of; 

'.♦1. 
Norton. lUlph and wife, iiMcriptiofi (an 

irifli/narit one). 2A3. 
Norwich. Kdwarl Earl of. 2."». 
Norwich, (juorge (Jroriog. Earl of, 6r< 

Nottinf(haro, John, Deao of Hastings, 

\rA. 
Noiinille, Julius, incDmbentof Ditchling, 

Nutt. Ann, of Mays, 08. 

Nutt, I>;^*nard, 42. 

NijtL Phiia/Ielphia, married to Tbomaa 

J>yke, }(f2. 
Nutt, »ir Thomas, Knt, 42. 102. 



Oake, I'hilip and William, inscription, 

Odifinio, Mercy and daughters, inscrip- 
tion, L'h2. 

Odyiiicrc, approfiriation of Church of, 
140. Value of rents, femjf. II. viil., 

17«;. 

Offhain Roml ; Sue ^^.liailey. 

Ofll*!VH own*:r» of TocMinfipvorth Manor, 

Oftl'jyj*, mayor and citizcnfl of TiOndon, 
rhuri tabic lK;f|iiftMfl of, I».3, 04. 

Ofl!<?y, Mr«., \pci\niitiin to p<roT of Waldron 
by, '.»■». 

()f^\fi family, inscription, 2\)H. 

()\i\ ^]H'mih and Old Manncn in Buahcx, 
by M. A. I»wer, M.A., F.S.A. Effect 
of improvementH in locomotion, cf>m- 
mynicatirm of intelligence, and the 
Hpn^ of (education on local 1>elief8 and 
BuiHTKtitirmH, 2o;>, 'J 10. Ixx^al pro- 
nunciation of the names of placcR, 
210, 211. Samplea of An^lo-Saxon 
«[Kr«ch Htill pnjvalent, 21 1. 2J0. An^lo- 
NormanismH yet in une, 21(>, 217. Dis- 
tinction iM'twcen the pronunciation 
of thu dwellers east and west of the 
river Adnr, 217, 21 H. Stay at home 
haliits of thf! population : an<K;dot<!H in 
priint, 21H. 210 fifrte ii. LiuKorin^ Iw- 
lii'f in witrhoM, 211), and note 7. 
If minted If onsen : Hurstmonccux 
(.'antie; "Old Oxenbri<Ij(e," of ]iru<le 
riace, 22U. 8t Dunstan and the 



neril at Xayfield, 2S1, 22^ Hendka 
Spectre of St. Leonanls Forestr SSS, 

223. Antipathy to nigiitiii«aka» 
saintly and onsaintly, 223, and htU* 
The Dragno of SL Leooarda Foreat^ 

224. 22.). The Goblin's task in Kfaig. 
stone " dforeway/* 226. Sopcmatoral 
interferences with chnrch-buildings, 
22^;, 227. '-Sops and Ale" at Xaat- 
hoome. 22m. Tithe fieaat at sama 
place. 229. Smock-frock fanenUa. ib, 
Soasex cheese, Md, mate. Sheriff Ed- 
wards* jarelin-men, 230. Decline of 
rustic courtesies and hospitalitiea. 230, 
231 . -* Mr. Poeock, of Alciston,'* 230, 
ncte. Flowezi at weddings aod fU- 
nerals: Symbols thrashing: Kay- 
poles. 231. Strowing at elections, 
ibid, naU. Alms-seeking, ^ gooding ** 
or "doleing" on St Thomas's Day, 

231, 2:)2. Scarcity of local prorerte, 

232. *' Tishy " compliments, ibid and 
nffU. Origin of the saring of "Ware 
the Abbot of Battel,'* 232, 238. Fal- 
filment of the Chiehester CSmreb 
Steeple ProTcrb, 233. Gonoeming 
Poets on Sussex : there are no Poeta 
on Sussex, ibid. The Sossex Whistling 
Song, 234. Balhul of *'The Northern 
Knight,'* 235, 230. Soothdown Shep- 
herd's crook, 23C. 

"Old Stager." probable origin of the term, 

hS.'i, note, 
Olive, Samuel, the younger, 13. 
Oliver, Marj-, 13. 
Olive. John, 14. 42. 
Onnesby, Edward, command entrusted 

to, 1M2, 1^<3. 
Osbem, holding in Waldron of, 81 and 

Otford Park, Kent, forbidden to night- 
in^les. 223. 

Ovingdean, near Brighton, Owners of, 
and of the advowson of, 307. Con- 
cealment of Charles ii. there, ibid, 

Owen, Agnes, tenement formerly pos- 
sessed by, 47. 

Owens family, inscription (rhymed), 
280. 

Oxcnbridge, of Brede place, local horror 
of. 220. 

Oxfonl, John dc Verc, Earl of; descent 
of proi)erty to Maud the wife of, 88. 



Padiham (Lancashire); Henry Marshall's 
Leimcy to the * Povertie ' of 52. His 
property there, ibid rufte 4. 

PaKciiam, Grant of free warren in 3. 

PaKham Advowson granted to Tipper 
and Dawe, 48. 



mD£3^, 



337 



Pliiw Faanil J, French Eefugow, mode of 
monpa of aom& of its membem trum 
l^&ppe^m'. Imscnpthnniom rhymed) 

Pmi! ^e»^ residetMse of, 15. 

I'aJ T do» ftbtitmist of Gftttit 

Palmer, Alitse, snd Ixcr butband and 

daughter, 53 note 6. 
Fftlmej^, WirUam, of FmmfyMe, 93. 
Parker, John, Inooa^bent of DltoMing, 

Parker, Jlr. J. H., on Norman caatlaa, 21, 

Oo town hotiatis &ncl materials uMGd 
in their construct ion, 35, 3*j. 41. 
Parker, Thomas; Henry MsLmhair* he- 
quest to^ 50. 54. Date of hi« d«ath 

Pteflliela, Qreal, In Tioehnrat, 109. Old 
manflton of. 111. 

F«Ali«J«e m Eatbomc, 109. 

Ptoaneto ((>r Paftseley) Edmund, 109. 
1^ Qimnt of Liceow to krcnellate, 110. 
^B IkRalofJfree warren, 111. 
^H AmiUcs, Sir John, 109. 
^m Fkyne, Eliaiibeth, of E»«t QHnsted. 34. 
^K Biyne, Richard aod wife, 84. 37, wf^. 
^V Fayne, Thomaa Holloa, Ksq., Oviogdeanf 
■ 307. 

^ Peach am, Renij, on the winter rcBl* 
denoa» and amuaemeutJi of the gentry, 
42. 

Pearch fiamilj^ inscriptione, 21)0. 301. 

Pteansoo (or Pieniofi) Kov, John, tmd hit 

(family conr>ejtiona, 57,57 note' 3. 78. 
Pes«mar8h,^ ChuK?h of, 187, Rectorinl 
Cbtirohei atUchcd to th^ Prebend of, 
143. Annual vnlue of Unde lost, t^np. 
H. YUi. by overflowing of the sea, 
176. 
Pdham, Eliaabeth, iofloHption, 300. 
Pdlham, Sir John, re. founder of Has* 
tinga Priory, 155- 15!J. His character, 

»i oC . Bonefact ion^ of hlB son Sir J oh n , 
160, 157. Testamentary directions of 
his ion William, 157. 
PelhfUUp John; ancient effigy of, R2. 
Pel hum, John Cresaett, Eaq.i house of, 

35, 
Pelluun, Et Hon. Henry, 89. Hi* oo- 

b0ire«&ea 92, 
Pelham, Judith, widow of Sir J., 93, 
Pelhtim, Ltvrfl, 146. 

Pel ham. Sir Nicholas, couplet on an ex* 
ploit of, 211* 

IPeihrmi, Sir Thomas, 92. 
Pelhnm, Thoma-i. Esq., 89. 
FelhaiDEj ; Ancitinl I^wes residenoo of 
the, 24, Anus of thc3 family, 25, Pro- 
perty of the family m Waldron, S7. 
Period of their acquisition of Haatingi 
Castle, 140. 



Pelhama of BpookMiyf founder of tlie . 

192, 192ff£f«0, 
Pell and, John, of Lewea, 30. 
Peltntt, Apsley, father and son, 34, 
Peltatt faoiily, property held in Lewee 

by the. 34. 
PelLatt, Thoiniw! and Ida «on William, 

42. 
Pellatt, WUlinm, High Sheriff of Sussei, 

a4. 

Penael), William, of Lewes, 30, 

Pemibunt, KmL 34. 92. 

Pepper, John, 46. 

Perebing, liceiUM to krendhite manM 

of, 111. 
Peroingeres or Peroing, lioenso to krenel- 

late mans^ of, 107, 
Percy, Henry, license to krenetlate 

granted to, 109. 
Pett familr, French RefugeOi, 20S. 
Peter, Dean of Hastings, ir»4. 168. 
Peter-penocj or Bome-scot, origin of, 174 

Petter, Anne, on '* Mr. Blaekwood'a 
Mtnisterye," GO fwt^. 

Pettett, Sarah and hnsband, inscription, 
293, 

Petworth, Grant to Tipper and Da we, in, 
45. Lieense k> kreneltate the man«e^ 
1 00. Hofipi tal founded by one Thomp^ 
eon, 305, Increase of iti leventiei, 
30ti. 

Pevenaey, poMenon of, alter the Con- 
quest, 3L Bfie Andenda* 

PevDusev Caitle, 19. 88. 

Phill[p|r^, SirThomaSj 93, 138* 

PhiUii^ii, .lamea and son, ineeription, 
297. 

Phillips, Robert, Prebendufy, 144, 

Phipps, Robert, Prebendary of Hoo, 144^ 

Piddinghoe, Church tower of, 15, Mag- 
pies no longer shoil there, 210. 

Fieroe, Elijsabeth, work written by, 20T, 

Pioree, Joeeph* inscription, 291. 
Pieraon. Sne Pearson. 
Pigram fsmily, inscription, 286. 
Pilcher, Mary, inscription (rhymed), 

298, 
Pilcher and Simmons &milj, insoription, 

280. 28-^. 
" Pillow here," meaning of* 53 note T. 
Pink I R., and wife, inserlption, 201. 
Pinkertoo, Hannah, lGScripti0n, 279. 
Pius v., purport of Bull of, agaimt Q, 

£li»at)cth, 193 not^. 
Plomley^ Mary, and son, inscription, 

297. 
Plitmpton Manor, tenement In, Lewet 

Keia by, 37. */ 

Poile, Uhirlf^ and wife, inficription, 

S38, 

2 V 



sss 



ISbEX 



T^ikf ^Bl£hr. 


l>igc»v«£«SSL 


txitt. ZSSJTT. 


£«^. 1I*rKBIB£BS «£. SmL 


y-^-^-TiTTli. 


HaekTEHssK 'rhmig t» 


\ti 3r,. 




^iKtk. nfgirr. 


£eescr<ifW«ia7C«.?ilL 


Fmu±. Sir FfrdnMatiaL |c\^itE t * iB Lews 


<«arL5iiB2 Vr 


^. 


PtraM^sci. Gtb^s !» Tj^yg s^d Dbvp 



Prms AicTLl s23aSMB <£. X 
* Pnatec' asfxsxK cd. >4 w^ 12. 

£,%r:xsz luesuim. cd it. S^ Itt ne^ 

c»=S(KTr* ^naacaBcnk IfS — ^Si*. 
Fo^Tr^sn^^ T^kOBBM. 9* mttt 14. 
P^>vfC Ed wdL ZMmbcmi of DixcUi^. 

Fo>irkG. Genzcu and vife. 34. 

INnziscK T^fCBAc Locd. aad hif iBoegf 

5»x^ owen c€ Hermiales Maiur. 9U 
PrKTxie. Jc^iB. Prebendbkry of Scoae. 143. 
Presc»:<. Jc^n. Ticsr of fife. :374. 
Pt«e^ctt. TbcBa&. P reibendMT of Mmripaft, 

!45. 

P^es4^rick. WnSitt. Dean of Hftrngn, 

sxaoeof nKmnoMBiml bf«s of, 15S, 

1-4. 
Pne>e, Sarmh. insenptioa. 2S5. 
Prk«. TboiBa& iocix&bcnt of Dhciiliiig. 

Pr€st« %iA Cir»M!5 d«d£nated ~ Sir." 51. 

Pnroier familr. inscription*, :*7>. ?Ti*. 

!'*■.. i'**^ ^J^'N Iboinas Procter 

Prvis^er fkmiir. inscriptjoo. ?7>. 

PrD:e*:an: Eefupees in Sussex, by Wil- 
liam Duirant Cooper. F.SJL Periods 
of their iimniCT*tion, 1 n i. First in- 
timation of the leligioos war in France, 
\<\. Ma&sAcre of Vassy and its 
consequences, l-^i. ArrivaJs at Rye 
of refugees from Dieppe, 183. 187. 
li««\ lyl. 1?2. Entries of burials in 
Rye register. 19i*. Consequences of 
the third Civil War in France, 193. 
List of retugees settled in Rye in 1569. 
Cause of their third great influx into 
England. 194. 195. Number landed 
in Rye after the St Bartholomew mas- 
sacre, 195. Names of French and 
other strangers in Rye in 1572, Nov., 
1 95- 1 99. Names shewn by the registers 
at this date 199. Return "for 1 662, 200. 
Fourth period of arrivals of refugees 
at Rye, reception given to them, 201. 
Prr>portion of Queen Anne's grant sent 
to Rye, 202. Names of settlers— 1682 
— 1 727 — extracted from Rye registers, 
202 — 205. Notices of several of their 
descendants, 205—207. 



Paekcll. JohB. J«u of Lew, 90. 

Pwldkdoek, Lrvea, 309. 

Palboroi^gk, LiecMe to rebaikl houses 

im. Kift. 
PKiSard. Hut. incriptioii. 299. 
Pn^. Ber. T^ Bsfitxt Mmister, and 

wiSe. zttscripciofi. 300. 
Pttttfaid. Ann aad knsbaiid. 29a. 
iVeccnUe sbeep-hooka, 2d& 



Quken, p aw mtitiiu of the, le. 22. 33 

■ffCr, 44. 4o. 
Qmcd Abdc « Booty, 8S. 



fial^wL StefiliaL macr^ptiofi, 302. 

Badmyle. Aims oC 25. 

Banking. Elixabech, rhymed iittcrip- 

tion. 2Sk8. 299. 
Bairood, Hn^ lAcmnbent of Ditdiliiig, 

259. 
BawstoB. Lawrence; Heoiy Marshall's 

legacy to. 54. 
BaymoDd. Tictor Amadee; Tenemeot 

hi Lewes held by, 38. 
Bavner. Thomaa,' Rector of Waldroo, 

86. 
Bebaode. or Ryb<^ Captain. 183. 187. 
Refug<ees. ^^ Protestant Refugees. 
Benalls^ or Renows, French Refugee 

Family, now Reynolds, 207. 
Bepington. William, Prebendary of 

Kariftts. 145. 
Reynolds. Martha, inscription, 294. 
Reynolds. Sre Renalls. 
Rhubarb, first introduction ot 264. 

Andrew Horde's directions for sowing 

it, 2«;5. 
Richard, King of the Romans, place of 

shelter of, after defeat by the Barons, 

6. 23. 
Richard n. 110. 146. 
Richard, Rector of Waldron, 86. 
Richardson, Captain, Manor in Ditch- 
ling held by, 248. 
Richmond, John, Earl of, License to 

repair granted to, 112. 
Richmond, Margaret, Duchess of, refer- 
ence to notice of her, by J. G. Nichols, 

Esq., 119, note. 
Rideout Family, ancient residence of 

the, 9. 
Rideout, Rev. John, Patron of Oving- 

dean, 307. 
Ringmer, Grants to Tipper and Dawe 

in, 46. 
Rol»erts, Captain Robert, inscription, 

295. 



IKDEX. 



339 



I 



Bfibertobridge Abbcj; m. 02. 98. Pn*- 
beod tniuaferfed to it^ VM, iJbureli 
p?opettj appropriated to it, 146. 

Bofieilecni. William and Hannah, chil- 
dr^a of Thomae aad Butb, inacrip- 
tioD*. 299, 300, 

Bock Hemutaged at Buxtad aod In 
Scotlund, 304, 305, 

Bagei«, Jamea, iiuoripUaii, 800. John 

BomAQ nili<» and Boman stations, 3. 
Bume-BdoitOr Peterpence^ origin of, 174 

Bosj Lord ; Property devolved to Mtir- 

gCTy* wife of, 88. 

Bok, EUasatjeth, wifeof Jabn Fuller; m. 

Bone, Fulke, Esq., 98. 

B0A@, Jpliii, Iqqumbentof Ditcblingf 2i>9« 

Bon, Thomas, Emi., on flome anient 
iiitiviiieiitt at Ha^tmgH, 808, 309, 

Eotho^ield; Ecv. E, turner on early 
Inc-unibeoto of, d06, 307. 

Bouen a^aekcd br ttie ooustable of 
France, 183, Fiite of the English 
and ScoiB^ ihtd. ** Great Tnurder 
done" tbere. 1S4. Further details, 
185—187. Cftftteliiim'ii account, 188^ 
18t*. Names oJ Roueneae m Rye in 

ir>i>7, \m, um. 

Bound towers to Churchefi^ 16, 

BoUJi, Sir John, Bart., 23S. 

Bouae*s *' Beauties and Antiquitlei of 
Sussex,'' 165. 

Bowe, John, E»q.p on Ireland 'a Lane, 
Lewe«, 8. Hou^ occupied by him, 9. 
Oonoemed in disposal of materiali 
of Li^wes Caitle, 1 9. 

Bowe'a MS. HiFtorj of Manorial Cua- 
toma of Lewes Barony, 242, mite. 

Boyal Lioemea to fortify to\friS and 
bousea in Sutatm, by W. H. Bliwnw, 
F.S.A*, 104. Earliest Lit^ense of the 
Bomes, mnis^, 104, lOu. Towns and 
botiMB for which licenses were granted : 
Amberley, 114, Battle Abbuy, 112, 
Bodyham, 114. B^irne, Bum, or 
Weptboume, 108, BurgberBh, 112, 
Cblche«ter, 113» 114. Crawebumt, 
112. Dachesham, 112. Dist^r or 
Bixthem^ M2. D is them and Udi* 
more, 1 1 tt, 1 17. l^ratlon (Uxon), Ml, 
H^rtbige, 107, 108. Hunt Moneeux^ 
115. Lj4 Mote (Ideo, near Bye), Um. 
Ill, L« wim Pri ory , 112,113. Ptjreh - 
ing, 111. Pere i i tgerea or Fere i ng, 1 0(1, 
107, PBtwfirth. 10^, Pulborougb, 
106. Eye. 113. Sedge wick. 104— 106, 
Sp^ifford and Lck;jTjfeld (Yorkabire), 
109. Wicicheli««, 115, 1 16. 

Bubie families, inBcriptions, 293. 295. 

Buck, John, Vicar of Bye, 274. Vicar 
of Ickleiiham, ihid^ n&t4» 



I Eumwortb, He»ry% Beao of Haatingt 
LH. 

Bu^sell Eobert, Vicar of Eye, 275. 

Rutland, Roger. Earl of, 97. 

Rycberaond, Riebard, Vicar of Rye, 371, 

Eye^ "replenished by the French,*' 57, 
mfts^ Threatening letter from its 
Vicar, 62. Usurpation of ita mayor- 
alty, 63. Ejectment; of tbc legally 
chosen Mayor, ibid, rufte. Seizure and 
a&le of goodd of noneonf4>rmist», (>5, 
twte. Licenae to fortify the town, 
113. 

Eye and Frotofttant Hefugees, by W. D. 
Cooper, F.BJL Advantsges of the lo- 
cality as an asylum for fiugitived from 
the ContineDt, 180. PericxlB conftpic- 
wjfxm for the immigration of Protc^- 
taot Refugees, ihiiL GnthGtUif^ and 
embarkation of troops in hi ('/_'; iHlf, 
Lettem from the Mayor on thit*c topics. 

fS^e Young]. Arrival of vu^E^eU and 
mmigniatF from J>i*?ppo, I8JJ, IB'k IB 7. 
190, IBI. Effect of theae arrival a on 
tbt towD'« supplies of food, 187. More 
troops sent to France, 189. Names of 
■trangera, French, Flemtnge, and Wal- 
loonea, in the town in 1589; 194. The 
like for 1572; 195. 199. Number in 
15B2 as given by Jeake, 199. Chapel 
of the AugUMtine Friara, 201 . Certifl- 
Cfltc &A to the ivorthine&ti of the atiBti* 
ger« in the town, fAwf. Uee of the 
Parish Church granted to them, 202. 
Names in the Farisb Kegiater from 
1682 to 1727; 202^205. Name* atiU 
traceable in the town, 205—207. Sole 
remaining memento of the French 
Congregation, 207, 208. &«> Protes- 
tant Refugees. 

B)'e, Vicara of, and their Patrons, by G, 
Siade Butler, Esg., 270— 27fi. Annex* 
at ion of tho R4?otory to Stanley A bbey, 
Wtlti*, 271, mta, istipoadiary Priest, 
temp. Edw. vj, 273 wffe. Bights and 
poflsessiona of tho Vicarage (1(535) 
274 tuite. lusoriptions in tho Giiurehi 
277—288. Onler of Privy Coimoll 
for disconti nuance of interments, 
288, Inscriptions in the churchyard, 
2»8 — 299. Inscriptiotis in the Bap- 
tist Burying ground. 2W — 301, 

By I ay Family, Henry MarsbaiPi bequest 
to members of the, 53, hi^ 6fj, 

Bys^bton, John, Incumbeut of Ditch- 
ling, 2o9, 



Sack ri lie Family, 80. 97* 

Sack vi lie, Jor<kii de, and wife, 84, 85, 90» 

Bsujkville, Kicbard, 9tS, 

2 V 2 



Ur 



I5DEX. 



IThsjd*. >1. ?snK ic a^ns. iTL 

SaeK-^'ilcu fir Thmnafc Ldri Btaekaarat, 
P^cjtt It 2rpt, iTX 174. 

Lew^s. Fine it. 
sk. Bsrsiijujimsw. ¥ii— rpf oC l?«^> I'M. 

Bh* suxDJos .Mmiict bccwvoi. Hi. 'i£L 
ILLvdeiti Chardft icnwd dgi&s by 
kinL £:r. 
SL JaoMft. anr Cfciehi hmi ; Host Msr- 
iibLI i -tVKCT to Che * Povcrtat * at* 52. 
&i&e aoii Rmaia:} of Che FL-Mjaari. iHd 

Sftixtc JoiuL Amu oC l-L 

Sft. Joan Sofa-CHCZQ. Levm. IL 27. Sm 

&Cl Leocartfi Focvc lia^ Lord Admi- 
cmL Sejnuor's tnimiiiio rdatiw there- 
to. 13 L -"Sioin Ftaktt" tbehBttd- 
IcM Speccze. 2». AO^mI iot r ira 
lOMX of nightiiigah* in tk» Focwt, 
238. The --tnie aad woMfaffoI ** di»- 
goQ ttorj. and iti probsbfe aohrtioii, 
333^235. Anodier tsboq of the 
Legend mod its nightingale MJQmict, 
223. 
St. Martin. Lewes, 23. 

St Mary Mag^ialeiu Lewes. 27. 

8L Mar>' u^ ^'^ Market, Lewes, 24. 

St Mary. Westoat, Lewes, now St Ann's. 
Setf Lewes. 

St Michael in Ibro, Lewes. See Lewes. 

St Nicholas or the " Broken Church," 
I>ewe«, 22, See Lewes. 

St Pancras Priory, Lewes, 4. 6. Wan- 
Um demolition of its walls, 19. Use 
ma^lc of its materials, 36. Waldron 
R*^:tory held by it, 93. Dissolution 
of the Priory, 85. Its possessions in 
Ditchling, 242. 243. 244. 

Bt Pawle, M. Refugee Minister, 194. 

St PetcT the Less, Lewes, 32. See Lewes. 

St Poter \Ve8tout, Lewes. See Lewes. 

St Thomas's Day, old Sussex custom 
of, 231, 232. 

St Thomas of Canterbury, banishment 
of the nightingales by, 223. 

Ht Thomas the Martyr juxta Lewes, 45. 

Sal<:hiirst Church, 136. 146. Salehurst 
Prch«nd, 141. 

BahjHinan, Iloger, Rector of Rotherfield, 
30<;. 

Halt^rlondo, 109. 

HandoFH. Nicholas, Rector of St Michaers 
anrl St Andrew's, Lewes, 16. 

Sarcenet, derivation of the term, 50 fwte. 



Sav«re. ilap Le Savage, 106. 

SatvpTT. or Smxrtj, Frenoh Befii^aeSi 
fra^r oC30«. 

Savije. 'Henrr. Engtiih Edtoj in Firnnoe, 
EMtet of hii u|>rMgntatioBi is fiiTOor 
at Prattstaata, 201. 

Soambiier. EdnandL Tiear of Bye, after- 
wards BiiiMjp of PMefboroogh and of 
Norwich. Bocioe of the career of; 372. 
Foaeral directioii In his will, 37S. 

SearriUa, French Befogeea, &mily o^ 

SeavA ennilT. notice of the, hj B. W. 

BXmeowe. kaq.,311. 
SchTUingford, John, Rector oi Bother* 

6e]d.30«. 
SeoczKT. Peter de. 107. 168. Landa 
giTeaby him to Hastings Prioiy, 171, 
172. 
SeotneT. Waltvde,167. 168. 169. 171. 

172.' 
Seotney, crime and fate of one of the 

frmUy oC 172. 
SeotB» Andrew Borde*a imeomplimentary 

allnsinns to the, 267. 
Seotaoo, John, property in Lewes, held 

alienated hy, 37. 
Soott, Sir Walter,on anchoreta' oaTea,306. 
Scrase. John ; Henry IfarshaU^s legacy 
to, 52 ; date and place of his burial, i^i^ 
lurte. 
Seaford, Grants to Tipper and Dawe in, 
47. Ancient and modem pronunciation 
of its name, 211. Seaford "shags" 
232. Annexation of Sutton to Seaford 
315. 
Sedgewick near Horsham, 108. Its 
earlier possessors, 109. Licenses to 
kienellate houses in. 105, 106. Cattle 
in the Park 125. Name and wages of 
the keeper, 126. 
Seele, Grants to Tip{>er and Dawe, in 

47. 
Selmeston, local curtailment of the name 

of. 210. 
Selsey cockles, 232 and note, 
Selwyn, Humphrey, 96. 
Selwjm, Margery, oif Friston, 101. 
Sergison Family, ancient Lewes resi- 
dence of the, 9. 
Sewale, William, early landholder in 

Waldron, 100. 
Sewel, Dr. Thomas, Vicar of Rye, 271. 
Seymour Family, inscription, 292. 
Seymour, Thomas Lord, Lord Admiral, 
Grant of Duke of Norfolk's estates to, 
118. Bill for his attainder, ibidj nats 
3. His intention with regard to St 
Leonard's Forest, 131. Inventories of 
his property in Sussex at the date of 



IXDEX. 



341 



i 






lilfl fttt&iiider. See Bewbuah mad Shal* 

ley. Chese worth. KnappFark. S«dg* 

wick. Sheffield. Worth, 
Shaw, H., imuriptioti, 2^, 
Bkeffield, Su£^^, fiiruace at, Ut). Id- 

Tentory taken there in 1549, 127. 

CatU^ and Bioces n/ iron and ftjel, 127, 

12S. Number and rate of pay of 

workmen, Aca, 128. 
fihfill^y Family, Lewes localities klen- 

Ufied with Ihe, 8, 9. 24. 34. Period 

of their Bequimtioii of the Manor of 

EneUe, 140. 
Shelley, Henry, and hl& son Blohard, 

42. 
Bhetl^^ Sir John, of Michelgrove, 

QilberiJi« Seaweti married to, 312 
Sbellcf Plirk, i^rr Ikwbuiih ntid Shelley. 
8la0pl»KF4 Alexander, and hia wite^ 

Uirak, Bl mis 3. 
Sberi^t Sir John, Clerk, '*Sarvaoteto 

Ibe iord Admyrall," l^; VM, 12U. 

13(1. 
Sherjffi* dangers inourred in old tima 

by, 244, 24;1. 
Shewell, Mr. \ Lewes property aold to, 

Bhillinglee, festmg place of Edw. vi. in 

hia Sueaex progress, 31 3, 
Sboreditoh Church, reference lo draw* 

inga of, 117. 
Shorcbam, Simon de, Grant to, 114. 
Shorebam, Grant to Tipper and Dawe 

jn, 47, Henry Marshal ra legacy to 

it« **8pytyli;' 62, and mie % Sea 

al«0, 125, 126- 
8boterall, William, Keeper of Knap 

Park, emolumenta of, 126. 
Bhoteahain, William de, Rector of 

Eotherfield, 3(H>, 
ShnlUrede Priory, 40. 
Sburl^, Sir John, property in Lcwee 

held by, 34. 
Sjdney, Sir H., 93. 
Sidney, Sir Philip, 97, 
Bidney, Sir William, 93. 
Bimona, Henry, 40. 
Bimii, Frank, inscription, 290. 
fiinley, James and wives, tDficriptiona,290. 
fiivycra, French Refngees, de^cGDclants 

of the. 2fMi. 
Skinner Family, inacrrpiione, 298, 300. 
SkullH preflerved from Ilikitinge Priory, 

and tradition connected with them, 

lfi2, lil3. \^3fmtr. 
Slade Kami lien, iDscnptionfi (one rhym«J) 

277. 284. 
Slangham Chureh, description of mural 

paintings discovered in, 2.17 — 239. 

Smaltwell, Edward. Vicar of Rye, 275. 

gmart, Mr. S. 11., ancient houjte in 

Lewes belonging to^ 86, 




Smart, T. W, W., Esq., M.D., Biogra- 
phical Sketch of ^muel Jeske, Sen. 
by. Se/^ Jcake, Samuel, Sen, 

Smeth and WTnutrieheabom, Kent, grant 
of ffoc warren in. Ill, 

Smith, Carol ioe and daughter, Inscrip- 
tion, 29L 

Smith, Charles Eonch, F.S A,, on Rom&a 
Quems, It. Object of a Charter 
quoted by him, 35. 

Smith, Frank and wife, inscripticmi 

Smith, Harriot, inscription (rhymed), 

202. 
Smith, Jane, inscription, 283. 
Smith, Jane, late of Demerara, insoHp^ 

tion, 3<XK 
Smith, Josiah, Esq., of Lewe^, 89, 92. 
Smith, Roger J Vicar of Rye, form of la- 

ductlon, 274, 
Smugglers, Lewee ladiea and, 43. 
Smythe, Dr,, Prebendary of West Thur- 

Kpck, 145, 
Snailt, edible, a ^vorite lenten dishi 

Snede, Dr, Ralphe, Vicar of Rye, 271. 
Sneyd, Ralph, Vicar of Rya, 27^. 
Bomerfet, John, Duke of. Ml. 
" S^jpa and Ale'^ at Eastbourne, 228, 
Sputb bourne, Sir John D}'ke'» cottage 

at, lOL 
Soutbeaso, near Lewea, gmnted to Win- 
chester by King Edgar, 6, 7* Its 

church, 15. 
Sonthover, 7, 8, 23, 24. 29. 33. 
Soiithover House, 8, 
Soothwark Inns, 119. 
Southwell, Thomas, Prebendary of Marl- 

pas, 145. 
Bouthwiek Village, discovery of a Ro- 
man viKa near, 3. QranU to Tipper 

and Dawe, 47. 
Speech , Id . See Id Speech . 
Bpelnian, Sir Henry, on tht) meaning of 

BiJ^, 6. 
Bpitist^^d, William and son, inscription, 

3()0. 
Spofford and Lekynfeld {Yorkshire)^ 

HceuBes to krenellate manic« in, 109^ 
Spriuget, Thomas, of Lewes, 30, 
Spnice, WLlliam, Hector of Rotherfield^ 

306. 
Spye, Grouch and Dawington familyi 

inaoriptioni 2*i7, 
Staoe, Mary and huabandi InECription, 

302. 
StafTcll fiimny. tns^Hptions, 290, 291. 
Stannyndeii, William, *i'2. and not^f 15, 
Stapl**y, Sir John, 252. 
Staunton, Thomas de. Dean of Hasting*, 

154. 
Stompe, William, of Lewca, 30. 



Ui 



ESDEJL. 



SCwC-^- • r . .•:--:. L<sSkS. ^^ ^*'*^TI 154. 

Scoc-t. L.-:iiAri • >r .t. *i. 

Sc»«. WLliaa. preitcMJarr of Sum. 144. 

fiiooefcrw^i. Mr. oa the wc c^the «ikcd 

- e«:^i»ia."" I»y4. 
Sconbaza. Jobn mnd wife. 

(rfif3wdL25cL 



gioahaci. ssophia. iaxripliaii. S99. 

StnoK?. HAoaah and mo, 

SCMC Gnat to Tipper and Dawe in, 

47. 
Stoktfli^. Hogh. propcrt> in Levca lieid 

br. 33. ^. 
Soai-urr. WUliam. Vicar of Rye. SH. 
Sakride mod Manirr. S^ Brinkharst 
Suii«iaj joUitie* at Eactboume. 2;3S, 

gQirey Arch«i»logical Sodetr's CoUee- 

tiooi. 119. 
SnrreT. Henry Howard. Earl oC, the poet, 
\\i. 119. 

Boitpended animaHon. Ste Syncope. 
Bojwex. oomptement of men fiiniubed in 
lo»;2 by. to join Cond^. lt?2. Old 
Rpeech and manners in the county. 
t^e Old Spewh. Mr. Butler on Bib' 
I'wthfca SMJt4^xUiiui. .'5n». 

Bu«i»ex Tradesmen's Tokens, described 
by W. Yniis. F.S.A.. »»9. 

8utton Church, Mr. Lower on annexation 
to Seaford of, 315. 

Kwain, William, inscription, 300. 

Bwaine family, inscri^ytion, 2>^). 

bwaiiie, Samuel, of Lewes, 13, 14. 

Swatman, Alan H., Ew]., of Lynn, infor- 
mal irm communicated by, 209, note, 

Hwiiil>ome, Philippa de. HH>. 

Syncope, curious case of, 294, 295 noUs, 

T. 

Tamsett family, inscription. 301. 

Tamwnrth. prelK'nd of, 145. 

THiifield, William, Dean of Hastings, 

154. 
Tannor, IMrthop.mistake of relative to site 

of Hii«tinj,'K Priory, 158, 159. 
THiim^n*, extinct manor of, HH. Earliest 

mention of it, 90. Origin of its name, 

97. Its 8ucccr*»ive owners, 90 — 99. 
Tup«'htry ut (.'heseworth and Windsor 

CiiHtle. Hubjects of, 119 
TattcrHiill, John, rector of Waldron, 86. 
Taxiition of Pope Nicholas, rclereuces to, 

113. 145. 172. 



Ikywd. Ralpb. ptebcad oi, 1S7. 
Taylor. EUnbech, inacripftioii (rhymed), 

»1. 
Tayk^sr. WUliani. of Rre. 110. 
TcUkr. M. Xiehoias le,'Befiigce Minister, 

1»4. 1^ BaptiBn of his w», 199. 

I^BKCDdants of the fiunily, sod change 

ofiUBame.S06L 
ThoDaa. Bicbard, Esq., 95. 
Ibsana. Smith, and wife, inseriptioD, 

TbompsoB-s HosfHtnl, Petworih, SOS. 
iBcrease in the allowmnoe to the in- 
mttes.306. 

Thorpe famUj, inscriptioiis, 289, 29a 
29S. 

Thorpe's Catnlosne of Battle Abbey 
deeds, referenees to, or passages from, 
139.140. 109. 

ThvBele. John (manhal of the hoos^old 
of William, Eari of Arand^X monu- 
mental brass oC 89, asto 12. 

Threele, old Mrs. Ann, 59. 

Thieele, Tbomaa, Gent, lOa 

Threele fiunU J, 89 and nsto. Mortoary 
inscription, 279. 

Thnrroek. West, Essex, 186, 187. R»- 
bend and prebendary of, 145. 

Tieehnrrt, Grant to Upper and Dawein, 
47. lia Grant of free warren in, 
111. .SrPashley. 

Tlcehurst Church, deeds of gift of, 170, 
171. Bated in Pope Nicholas's taxa- 
tion, 172. Talue of rectory and rents, 
170. 

Ticehurst Rectory, 157. Its value temp, 
H. VIII. 172. 

Tickner family, inscriptions, 290. 

Timber and half-timber houses, 85. 

Tipper, William, and Robert Dawe, 
grant of St. Nicholas Church, Lewes 
to. 29, 30. List of grants made to 
them, 45 — 18. 

'* Tom Thumb,'' authorship of the story 
of, 204. 

Tompsett, James, Rector of Waldron, 86. 

Tooting Church, Surrey, tower of, 16. 

Tortington Priory Lands granted to Tip- 
per and Dawe, 46. 

Tothylle, Walter de, complaint of, against 
the Bishop of Chichester, 148. 

Toumay, Thomas, ejected from the 
mayoralty of Rye, 63. 

Tourneys, French Refugees, family of, 

200. 
Tousaintes, M., Refugee Minister, 194. 
Towns and Houses, royal licenses to for- 
tify ; See Koyal Licenses. 
Trade localities in Lewes, paucity of, 26, 

27. 
Trayton, Edward, and Ambrose his son, 
42. 



un)EX. 



343 



^ 



^ 



Tray ton, EdwawJ, property in Lewet 

tklmiated tcj, 38. 
Tniyton, Thuniiw;, Jun., of Lewefii 30, 
Tre^js family. I JO. 
Treigoz, ThomciSt liceDte to krcneHato 

gruntetl to, 112. 
Treheffie Morgiio, Eaq. i fff/. m. 
Trcner^ M. QuJUauioe, BefiigQe Miniiler, 

TreuR, Stephen t mscription, 283. 

"Trindk," explaimtion of the term, 47. 

TiieUy, Hol3% Ltwea ■ See Lewes. 

Turner fani H y of 1 dJ and ; no t [&3^ of an d 
monumetita] iii:!ei-ipttoi]9 fo membera 
of the, rn Ditcbling church, J?51 — 264. 

Turner, Mary Jane, cenUrniirisn bene- 
facln^i^ of Dilohling, 2JJ. 

Turner^ Rev. Edward, 44. 81. 104, 105. 
On the College and Ptiory of Hast- 
iogii, and Priory of WarbletoOt 132 — ■ 
17&. See HaBtinga College. On Bus* 
Bex localltieB ^mons for dsh, 232 »^. 
Od rock licnnitageSf 304, 305, On 
ho«pitab in Sus^it, 3<)5, 30(1. On 
early IncumbonU of KotlieHlold^ 303^ 
307. J^tf 248, 

Turner, William, and wife, Iniortption, 

Tsriddy. Eev, Tliomiia and wife, in- 

wjriptinu, 2!)3. 
Twytie, Brian, B,D, dO /*fl^^. Vicar of 

Rye^ 274, Sef|ue«tefe<l ; Hia Utemry 

labours, i5i^. 
^yrrell, Ann, inscription, 298, 

U. 

rtrdimere (or Ddeymere). *^etf Dixt«r. 
ItTdimoro, church building tradition of, 

226, 227. 
["Cnderhill, Edward, at Queen Mary's 
[ ooronation 50. notff. 
I tTmfl found in East Blatchington Churchy 

309* 

V. 

": Taisy, maiiaacre of the iobahitanttt of, 

182. 

I Tennall fannly, inacriptions, 2S>3. 
I Terrall, George, proptsrty in X^wee held 

by, ft4. 
, Tidier fiimily, inscriptioQS, 29 7» 298. 
^ Ttnoent, Richard, Frebcntiar>' of Hol- 

Hngton^ 143. 

W. 

iWawlf AmiigelU command entruAled by 
Queen Elij&abt^th to, 182. Oruund of 
oflTenee given by him, ihid. Duty 
performed by him, 1B3. 



Wade, Joho, Dean of HastlngH, 154, 

Waldegrave, Mr., ti&ldittn marched tD 
Eye, under, 182. 

Waldegrave, Samh Oountesa of, Hafltinga 
property of, 158. 

Woldeme, GeoJTrey, 03. 

Waldenie, bir William, Lord Mayor of 
London, displeasure of, bow " as- 
suaged " by the Brewera* Company, 94. 

WoldroOj ita Church, ita Mamiooi*, and 
its Manore, by Rer. Jobu Ley, B.D, 
Past importft ace of the Pannh : Hostel 
of the Crosa-iii-llftud, 80. State of its 
roads 1 its church risitors and only 
carrier, 81. E<?ferences to it in 
Domesday Book, Wid. Archit43Ctural 
features of thi» Chun^b, 82. Legend 
Te!!aled by Hev, A. Hussey, 83. Grant 
of the Rectory to St. Pancriia Priory 
LewGSj ibid. Cha|>el of Sybil la de 
Ickletihana, 8.3, 84. OU. RcftiVonces to 
the church rerenues in ancient muni- 
mcote, 85. List of Hectors and Pa- 
trons from 1225 ; 96. Essckiel Chark, 
and his tomb, 8t3, §7. Transoripta of 
bequesij by lonuer pariishiooers, 87. 
Mtmora wliolly or partly tn the parish, 
87, 88. Original nature of the coun- 
try : Extent of woodland in marc ra- 
oent times, 88. IniioriptiotL on one of 
the Church Bells, 95, ntfte. Shigular 
entry in the regitter, i0. Acreage, 
population, rcntal and ratable value 
of the Pariah, 103. Its iron works, 
iBid. ItiManorg, i^^-Poxhuot. Herin- 
dales. Horehain. Iseu burnt Tauuera. 

Wales, Johanna, Princess of, 1 10. 

1»Valesby, William, Dean of Haatlngs, 
154, 

Wale were, le, See Le Wale were. 

Wall, Eel>eccB^ rhymed inscription, 301, 

Wal lands, The, near Lewes, 6, 7. 10. 19. 

Walsh Family, poflsedsora of Horeham^ 
1 00. Thei r origi n and intemmrrlagai, 
101. 

Walter, Daniel, Incumbent of Ditchling, 
259. 

Walton, Lsaak, passage quoted fhKUL 
8f.. 

Wandestre, John^ Oknon of Haatingf 
College, 147. 

Warble to a, rc- foundation of FTastinga 
Priory at, 155. Value of rents tmr^. 
H. vrn, 17(1, St^ Hastings Coll*>go. 

Ward^ Thomas, mscription, 290, Eliaa^ 
beth Waitl, 302. 

Warren, Earls of, Granfe by, 3. 17, 
18 Tenements in Lewes attached to 
their manors^ 35. See I>e Warren, 

WarLling, Weilling, or Guyamerdons, 
Prebend of, 131. Its ondowmeuis and 
holders, 144. 



IK0EX. 



Wwwwiek, ShI oC Commtttuler of troop* 
•enl tagpirftOQ 50wl»»eD (HaTre^i* 

intarflev wifb tlie Biiigf»T«^ 191. 

VMliii«too, QmH to Tftipv md Dftw« 

WtttefboOM, Sk L*wr«Doe, Henry Hftr* 

WftlerfioiiM ind Ck»oper <»imlfei, tn- 

Wtlennui Fiiiiil j, iD«crtpt£oii«» tB€!. 
WftterSf Ctuulai uid eon, rb^med in- 
•crfplicm, 29^ Btchud ftpd wife, 

Watson f»mi1j^ inncriptioDB (2 rtiymed), 

279, 28J*. 3(>2. 
Weleb hmilf, inienptionf 292> 
Weller, Klis&beUi, inieription, 2&K 
Wdli, BowiiiiAp imcriptioa Crhyn^)* 



Weolionif Mnvf t«t|i9r from funnel 

Jfmke to» 58. 5D, 
Wertljog— 5m? Wartliog. 
West, Sanili, liiieriptioii, 2^1. 
Westbourae — $«f Borne* 
We«tfleld, Tfllno of TOitt im, £mp* H. 

Tin, 176. 
Weath&m Fuish, B«firx Manhfiir« be- 

Qttestt to: To it« Cborab, 5t. 52, To 

its " Povertie,*^ 52* 50, For a * cbarit- 

t«b1e dijDkjng ,* 52. To Comte and 

Bexton, i^itf. Yftlue of rentfl, ef^4|?. H, 

Till*, ITS. 
Wttt Hoftthlj; Qmnt to Upper tnd 

Da we iQj 48, 
WestmrjrelAnd, Ralph Neville E»ri o^ 

HO, 
Weatcm, John, Prebendai7 of Bulver- 

hithe, Ha. 
WestQD, Bich&rdj Prior of Hastings, ITS* 
We»t ThtiiTDck, JEfvThtirrock. 
Wetberell, K^ Etq., information oona- 

municated by^ 111. 
Whappingthorne J Grant to Tipper and 

JDawe in, 48. 
Wbestlej, Widow^ Proper^ id hewm 

alienstod bj, 38. 
White, ailbert, the Naturttlist, 223. 
Wbite, Bcbeoca, inioripUoD, 297. 
Wbite Hart Inn, South wark, 11&. 128. 

120. 
Whitmarsh, William D., inscriptioDt 297. 
Whitatone, Jaraes, Prebetidnry of Hoo, 

Ninfield, and Wartliog, 144, 
Wbittmffham, John^ atid John COmelius^ 

drowned, inscription (rUymed) 2«9, 
WhittoQ, Richard, tomb (uid inaeriptloa, 

2Ji7. 
Wborwetl, Thomaa and Hammond, iu- 

Boriplioii, 295, 



WhytjDg, NIebotfti, Will of, 2S8. 
Wickham fn Stejnlnff ; Gtmat ki 

ftod Dawe in, 48. 
Wlggtnbolt Manor, gi^Dtod to tipptr 

anfi Dttwe, 48. • 
WlkvTk, William, Tk»r of Bj«, 271. 
WillWi Jobii, B«?tor of Wal^- " 
Wimm. of Wytcimt, Umn^ 

tinp OoOciie uid pfolMbl) 

ill cbanoel, 1 4^. 
WllUiuxi«, WHliini, flcarof Rrev 275. 
Wiilmgdoii, Talua of t^^U in, i4mp, 

Tm-, 176. 
Willis, Wmiam, Incmobetii of Ditchlinf i 

259, 
Willoof hbj, Eobert, Bettor of Waldrcm, 

86. 
Willa and Testatneiita, Talne of, at 

erfdeaoea of nuDnen and habitA, 49. 
Wiimingknif %caioer fi&rl of^ Patron of 

Eje, 275. 
Wilmington ; Grant to Tippfrand Dawe 

in, 46. Ita Parish PriesW Henry Mar- 

ihall, 49. Hia bequesia : to the Chtinth 

Fabric, 51, 52. For a '«hnritabJfl 

drrnk jng ' 52. To the Povertie of 

the Pariah, 52. 50, For repair of the 

highway, 55. 
Wiln1»hur»t Edward, ingeriptkrci, gSl. 
WilmahurRt, John - Ltftttsrti to MriL Joiko 

from, 56* 
Wil«oti. Bev. Edward, 63 jean Bectorof 

ik^burtt, 253, 
Wibmv Ker, Edward, Viisar of Ryev 

Anloblograpbio memorandani of» 275^ 

Inscripticin to lila tnenKif7, SSI. 
WiUon, Sir Tbcnnaa Marion, Bait, 5^ 

WHaon, Willlaia, Esq., aftervrarda Sir W. 
W, Ban, 53 ntft^ 6. 

Wileon fiunilj, iiiscr]ption« 3Q2, 

Wiltehire, Thomaa Earl of, 154, 

Wimble, Nehemlah, property in 
held by, 34. 

Wincbelsea, object of a petition 
the coiporation of, 57 n^s 3. L 
to fortify the town, 115, 116, Yalua 
of church renta t^mp. H. vm., 176. 
Tradition relative to removal of 
Foreign Refugeea to Cnnt4>rbui7, 200 
nais. Election custom, 2S1 nat^, 

Wincholflca, New, site of, 110. 

Winterbourne Stream, 7. 23, 24. ^ 

Witchei, lingering belief of the jieaaant^ 
In. 2 IB, Aaeodoto r€latiTe thereto, 
ibid, nste 7. 

Wivelsfield originally a ohapelry to 
Dit<jhling, 250. 

Wodc, Ealpb, Incumbent of Dltchllng, 
259, 

Wood, a ** eord" of, 128, *»<*?. 

Wood S09 a Wood, 



iW 

^ 



INDEX, 



345 



Woodman, Isabel!, bequest to Waldron 
Church by, 81. Her son-in-law, 92, 
noteU. 

Woodman, Nicholas, imprisoned by the 
Bye Corporation, 60. Chris: Black- 
wood's remonstrance thereon, iJnd, 

Woollett family, inscriptions, 280. 290. 

Wootton, Grant to Tipper and Dawe in, 
46. 

Worrell, Elizabeth, inscription, 295. 

Woisley, Edward, 96. 

Worste, Lordship of, 136. 

Worth Forest, 119. Inventory taken 
there, 128. Furnaces and forges : 
stock of iron and fuel : number and 
rate of pay of workmen, 129. Value 
of bar iron, ordnanoe, shot, &o., 129, 
180. Forest and Park: names and 
emoluments of rangers and keepers, 
180, 131. 

Wraby, John, Prebendary of Hollington, 
140. 

Wright, Thomas, F.S.A., on the con- 
nection of the Bomans with Lewes, 8. 
His " Political Songs" quoted, 6. 

Wrothe, Bobert, Prebendary of Peas- 
marsh, 148. 

Wyatt Family, notes on the, 808. Its 



connection with Cranmer, ibid. An- 
cient seat of the fi^mily : extinction of 
the Kentish line, 804. The Sussex 
branch, ibid, 

Wykeham See William of Wykeham. 

Wykewyke, William, Canon and Lord 
of the Manor of Brightiing, 144. 

Wylughby, Bobert, Bector of Waldron, 
100. 

Wylughby, William, «• reconveys Wald- 
ryn," 100. 



Tapton ; Grant to Tipper and Dawe in, 46. 
Tckelsham, or Hicklesham, See lokle- 

sham. 
Tewerste Church, 187. 
York, Johanna, Duchess of, 110. 
Toung, John, Mayor of Bye, Letters to 

Sir William Cecil from, 181—188. 

190. His family in Bye, 181, note. 
Young Family, inscription, 286. 
Yssendon, William de, 140. 

Z. 

*' Zaooheus of London," the, 98. 



a p. ]Ua>5. PRUTIB, LEWSk