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Full text of "Sussex archaeological collections relating to the history and antiquities of the county"

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SFSSBX 



Qiiciiafolof teal Collfrnons, 



KILATING TO THE 



HISTORY AND ANTIQUITIES OF THE COUNTY, 



PUBLISHED BY 



Cf)f 5ussrx 3rciiacoIcgtcal Societu. 




VOL. XVII. 

[Vol. V. OF ?*lt« OXD f«KUirs.] 

SUSSEX. 

GEOliGB P. BACON, 

HIGH STREET, LEWES. 

M.DCCC.LXV. 



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CONTENTS. 



PAGE. 

Annoal Report ix 

FiDanoial Statement xii 

List of Members xiii 

Bules of the Society xix 

1. Battel Abbey. By the Rev. Edw. Tubnbb, M.A. . * . . . . 1 

2. Notes on Ninfield and its Registers. Edited from the MSS. of the late Rev. 

John Sharpe, A.B., by W. D. C 67 

8. Old Seals of the Cinque Ports, and Nolioes of the Barons, temp. Edw. III. 

By T. Ross, Esq 64 

4. The Parochial History of Hamsey. By Robebt Chapman, Esq. . . 70 

5. Early Presentations to Sussex Incumbencies. By the Rev. Mackenzie E. 

Walcx>tt, M.A., F.S.A., Precentor of Chichester 104 

6. Greatham House. By the Rev. E. Turnrb, M.A 108 

7. Produce of and Supplies from Sussex. By William Durbant Cooper, 

F.S.A 115 

8. Notes on Rye and its Inhabitants. Edited by G. Sladb Butler, F.SA. 123 

9. Six Reasons of the Cinque Ports against Subsidies. By Thomas Ross, 

Esq 137 

10. Further Memorials of Seaford. By Mark Antony Lower, MA., F.S.A., 

and William DuRBAiTT Cooper, Esq., F.S.A 141 

11. Richard Woodman's Door in Warbleton Church Tower. By Major Luard 164 

12. Snssexiana Topographica. {Cbntinu^d). By G. Slade Bittler, F.S.A. 169 

13. Notes on Amberley, its Castle, Church, Jco. By the Rev. George Arthur 

Clarksok, M.A 185 

14. Inscriptions in Alfriston Church and Churchyard. Transcribed by Mr. 

Jambs Richabdson 240 

15. Notes and Queries 245 

Index 260 



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ILLUSTRATIONS AND DIRECTIONS TO BINDER. 



[The Asterisk denotes that the lUustrations are Woodcuts printed with the Text] 

PAOE« 

Seal of Bte, , to face . 64 

^Hastinos:— Official Seal of Bailiff 65 

*Hamset Chubch :— De Say Tomb 96 

WABBLET05 Ghuhch :— Doot in Church Tower .... to foot . 166 
Old Oak Chest, and plan of Churoh and adjacent 

Earthworks ; to face . 167 

NOTxa ON AMBBBLET:—*Ca8tle Gateway . . . . . . . 185 

^ *Road book plan from Arundel to Pulborough . .186 

*Rush Candlestick 188 

*8eal of Thomas de Clympinge, Sacerdos . . .192 

*The Queen's Room 202 

Armorial decorations in Queen's Room . to face . 204 
Chromo-lithograph of Cassandra . . to foot . 205 

Plan of the CasUe to faoe . 225 

•Crudifiz found at Iford 245 

*Oelt from Bamham, and Urn from Kumboldswyke 255 



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REPORT. 



If a oertain monotony appears in the Annual Reports of the Rupsex Archaeological 
Society, it is the monotony of continued success and of cordial feeling amoDg its 
constituents. As years roll by, there is no falling off, either in the interest of the 
Sooiety*s publications or in the success of those pleasant meetings in time-hallowed 
spots which have ever been characteristic of the Association. From circumstances 
over which the CJommittee have had little control, the publication of the present 
volume has been for some time delayed ; but it is hoped that in coming years the 
" Collections** will be in the hands of members as early at least in the year as 
heretofore. The presentation of an annual volume has been a great element of the 
Society's prosperity, and although the Rules make no pledge for such a return for 
the very moderate subscription, it is intended to continue it so long as the Society's 
sources of pecuniary income and literary contributions are available. 

The delay alluded to enables us on the present occasion to record the public 
proceedings of two successive years, 1864 and 1865. The Annual Meeting of the 
former year took place at Seaford, the interesting churohes of Bishopston and 
Blatchington being included in the day's programme. Some elucidations of the 
various objects of interest were offered by Mr. M. A. LowSR. The more festive por- 
tion of the day's proceedings took place, as usual, beneath the shadow of the So- 
ciety's well-known tent, and under the auspices of the Bt. Honourable the 
President of the Society. An unclouded sky and refreshing sea-breezes added 
much to the enjoyment of that truly pleasurable day. 

On the 10th of October, under most favourable ciroumstances, the Society 
visited Wakehurst Place and Ardingly Church — both objects of much arohffiological 
interest—the former having been kindly thrown open to inspection by Joseph 
EsDAiLE, Eftquire. Upon the liberal invitation of John Alezandeb Hankrt, 
Esquire, the members and their friends afterwards visited Balcombe Place and its 
beautiful grounds, and were received by Mr. and Mrs. Hakket with an elegant 
and bountiful hospitality which places that happy gathering amongst the most con- 
spicuous * red-letter days ' in the calendar of the Society's excursions. 

At the Annual Meeting of the present year the Society's programme included 
the pleanant villages of Pulborough, Hardham, and Amberley. The fine churoh, 
with its lych-gate, at Pulboroagh, and the decaying mansions of Old Place and New 
Place were objects of much interest, as were also the remains of the Priory of 
Hardham. But the chief attraction was Amberley, whose Castle, for ages the 
residence of the Bishops of the Diocese, still preser\'e8 its external walls and other 
interesting features in almost their original integrity. There, under the presidency 
of our truly venerable Prelate, who is de facto Lord of Amberley, and again beneath 
the Society's canvas, the business of the General Annual Meeting was transacted, and 
a numerous party dined. 

An agreeable episode in the proceedings of the day was the presentation of a 
piece of plate to a gentleman to whom the Society is largely indebted. On Mr. 
Blaauw's retirement from the literary headship of the Society, after ten yosrs of 



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X REPORT. 

most indefatigable and able service, Mr. William Dursant Coofbh kindly onder- 
took to edit the Society's "Collections,'* and for about six years energetically 
carried out what had been so well begun. To Mr. Cooper nearly every oontrlbnlor 
to the annual volume has been under obligations for the ready zeal with which he 
supplied, both from his own large store of arohsBological learning, and from the 
extensive depositories of records in London, with which he is so thoroughly 
acquainted, a considerable amount of historical and topographical information* 
Some of the members (by a separate subscription) in order to mark their sense of 
Mr. CooPBR'8 services, on his proposed retirement from editorial duty in June last, 
resolved on asking his acceptance of some tangible memorial of their gratitude and 
esteem. The result was a handsome salver, which was presented in a graceful 
speech by the Right Reverend Chairman. The salver was engraved, after a design 
by a member of the Committee, with a vnreath of Sussex oak-leaves and acorns, 
the Sussex Arms, the family arms of Mr. Cooper, and the following inscription : — 

Co 

" fllUIxBm ^ornnit Cooper, Csqntre, <f . S. ^., 

jjn rtcogmiiott of ^ Mt serfrices 

^s Cbitor of t^t S^vana Archaeological CoUtciiotts, 

^ngnst 171^, 1865." 

Mr. Cooper returned thanks for the present in an appropriate speech. 

The retirement of Mr. Cooper from editorial duty, and other circumstances, in- 
duced the Committee to consider the propriety of appointing a salaried Editor and 
CorreqK>nding Secretary, and the following resolution (due notice having been pre- 
viously given in accordance with the Society's rule) was passed, nem. am, : — 

Proposed by W. H. Blaauw, Esq., and seconded by Bobt. Ghapmait, Esq , 
"That in consequenoe of the retirement of W. Dubramt Coopib, Esq., 
F.S A., from the office of Editor of ,the Society's *' Collections,'' Mark 
Antont Lower, Esq-, F.S A., be appointed Corresponding Secretary 
and Editor, with such remuneration as the Committee may think his 
time and labour demand." 

The monetary affairs of the Society continue in a healthy 'condition, though 
some arrears are due from subscribers. There can be no doubt that the number of 
members might be largely augmented, if the various Local Secretaries would press 
the Society's claims on the consideration of the public in their respective districts. 

The advantage derived from the services of the Local Secretaries is too obviooa 
to need comment ; but it is believed that if the money payments were made direct to 
Mr. RuDWiCK, the Society's Clerk, or to the Treasurer (on the plan so successfully 
carried out by the Society of Antiquaries and other similar bodies), a much greater 
regularity in the Society's finances might be secured. 

With respect to the next year's volume, it may be stated that a good ** bill of 
fare " is in the hands of the newly- appointed Editor. It is proposed to commence 
with an account of the remarkable discovery of the remains of a Daughter of King 
Canute in Bosham Church, during the present summer, by the Bev. H. Mitchell, 
M.A., F.8.A. 

The Committee are under great obligations to Thoicas Duffus Hardv, Esq., 
F.S. A., Deputy-Keeper of the Public Records, for the facilities which he afforded Mr. 
Cooper of making extracts from the Sussex Subsidy Rolls. They also acknowledge 
with thanks the loan, by the British Archaeological Association, of the litbographio 
illustration of the arms found on the Amberley paintings, described in the presrat 
volume. 



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REPORT. XI 

In oonoliialaii, it ii hoped that gentlemen who may have papers for Volume zviii. 
will forward them as early as poesible to the Editor, Barbican, Lewes Castle.* No 
maBMoripi should bo sent for that volume after Feb. 1, 1866. 
Tbs Sooieiy's Balanoe-Sheet is subjoined. 

(Signed on behalf of the Committee), 

EDWARD TURNER, 

Chairman. 
Lewes, 8rd October, 1865. 



Members dedroos of obtaining the back volumes can be supplied with them at 
the following rates : 

Vol. I. lOs. (Vols, n., m., IV., v. are out of print); Vols. VL and VIL, 6s. each ; 
Vol. VUL lOs. ; and all subasquent Vols, up to XVI. 6s. 

Applications, with Money Orders, to be sent to Mr. Budwigk, Barbican, Lewes 
Castle. 



* Tike Pspert shouUl be written legibly (for the Printer) on one side of the paper 
only s and snoald be as far as possibTe compkte. Interpolations oanse much troaUe, 
delay, and expense. 



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THE 



ACCOUNTS FOR THE YEAR 1864 

Have been examined, and appear as follows :— 
RECEIPTS. PAYMENTS. 



£ 8. 


d. 






£ B. 


d. 


Balance, Jan. 1, 1864 - - 133 16 


6 


Printing, &c. 


. 


- 243 18 


5 


Annual and Life Sul)Hcrip- 




Engravings - 


. 


. 80 17 





tions - - . - 809 10 





Stamps, Stationery, 


&c. 


. 14 18 


3 


Dividend on ConRoIs - - 3 19 


8 


Salaries 


. 


- 26 





Sale of Books - - 6 7 





Annual Meeting - 


. 


- 16 17 









Repairing Tent - 


. 


- 12 2 









Balance 




- 110 


6 


£453 13 


2 


£453 13 


2 



CASTLE ACCOUNT TO CHRISTMAS, 1864. 



RECEIPTS. 








PAYMENTS. 








£ 


s. 


d. 




£ 8. d. 


Balance in hand. Jan. 


1,1864 79 


13 


9 


Pettit, Wages 


. 26 


Visitors, Castle - 




- 97 


8 


10 


„ Commission 


4 8 8 


Priory - 




- 8 


3 


8 


Sundries— Taxes, &c. - 


. 16 4 11 


Rent, W. Verrall - 




- 18 








„ Coals, &c. - 


8 14 5 


., Russell 




- 2 








Repairs . - - . 
Rent Castle, 2 years - 

., Priory 
Illustrations of Rev. G. H 

Campion^s Paper 
Balance - - . . 


12 7 7 
. 60 18 8 
. 32 

' 80 
9 12 




£200 


6 


3 


£200 6 3 



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1865. 



Siufifitx ^td^aeoloQttal .^octets. 

fjrrssbtni : 
The Right Honourable UidBAEL or CHICHESTEB, Lord Lieutenant and Castos Bot. 

The Very Rev. the Deaw of CHTCHSanR 

The Venerable Archdeacon Otter 

Bey. J. CoLLiNowooD Bkucb, LL J)., F.S.A. 

Bey. John Goring, M.A. 

Bey. H. Wbllbslet, DJ). 

J. G. Blencowe, Era. 

John M. Cobbett, Esq. 

John George Dodson, Esq., M.P. 

H. W. Frebland, E»q. 

BoBT. Hanbury, Esq., M.P. 

A. J. BerbsfordHopb, Egq.,M.A., D.C.L. 

r.S.A.,M.P. 
Bobert Henrt Hurst, Esq , MP. 

W. TOWNLET MlTFORD, Esq., M.P. 

P. P. Bobertson, Esq., M.P. 

Alderman Salomons, M P. 

Wm. Tite, Esq., V P.S.A., P.BS., M.P. 

Albert Way, Esq., M.A., F.S.A., 

William Du era nt Cooper, Esq., F.S.A. 



The Dun of DaroNBHiRS, K Q. 

The Duke cf Cleveland, K.G. 

The Marquis Camden, K.Q. 

The Earl De La Ware 

The Earl of Sheffield 

Lord Viscount Gage 

The Lord Bishop of Chichester 

The Lord Bishop OF OxFORD^F B.S^F SA. 

Lord Talbot de Malahidb,F.B.S., F.S.A. 

Lord Coijchester 

W. H. Blaauw, Esq., M.A., F.S.A., F.Q.a 

Hon. Henrt B Brand, M.P. 

Hon. Robert Curzon 

Hon Perot Wtndh AM, M.P. 

Sir John P. Boileau, Bart., V.P.8.A. 

Sir John Villiers Shellet, Bart. 

Sir Pbrct Burrell, Bart., M.P. 

Sir Thomas Marton Wilson, Bart. 

SirWENTWORTHDiLKEjBart ,P.S.A ,M.P. 

Sir Henrt Ellis, K.H., F.B.S., F.S.A. 



Sir SiBBAiD D. Scott, Bart., F.S.A. 

Rey. C. Heathcote Campion, M.A. 

Robert Chapman, Esq. 

Rey. Geo. M. Cooper, MJL. 

W. DuRRANT Cooper, Esq., F.S.A. 

Kajor-General F. Davies 

WiLLLAM Figo, Esq., F.8.A. 



Committet : 



W. Harvey, Esq., F.S.A. 
Edward Hussey, Esq. 
John Cijly Lucas, Esq., F.SA. 
Bey. Edward Turner, M.A. 
Bey. G. H. Woods, M.A. 
Bbv. p. De PurRoN, M.A. 
BoBERT Crosskey, Esq. 



CrtBsartr : Geo. Mouneux, Esq., Old Bank, Lewes. 

Sononirs JJecretariti : R. W. Blencowe, Esq., M.A., The Hooke, Lewes. 
The Bey. William Powell, M.A., Newick, Uckficld. 

Corrtsponbtng Jicnrttarg nnb 6bttor of CoIIcrttons : 
Mark Antony Lower, Esq., M.A., F.S.A., Lewes. 

Tfocal Sittttivititii 



Rey. G. H. Woods, M.A., Shopwyke 

House, Chichester 
Rev. G. A. Ciarrson, M.A., Amberley 
Rey. R. Haddon Greene, M.A., Rogate 
Mr. J. Phillips, Worthing 
Rev. T. Medland, M.A., Stevning 
W. BoRRSR, Esq., M.A., F.L.8., Cowfold 
Bey. Carey Borrer, M.A., Hurst-Pier- 

point 
W. Hartet, Esq., F.S.A., Lewes 
C.Leeson Prince. Esq.. F.B.A.S.fUckfield 
Geo. Holmes, Esq., Amndel. 
Barclay Philups, Esq., Brighton 



Thomas S. Byass, Esq., M.D., Cackfield 
John A. Blagden, Esq., Petworth 
George Slade Butler, Esq., F.S.A., Bye 
Mr. J. M. Bichardson, Tunbridge Wells 
Henry Simmons, Esq., Seaford 
Mr. H. M. Emary, Eastboume 
Rey. J. Gould, M.A., Bnrwash 
W. Beckwith, Esq.. Hawkhorst 
T. Boss, Esq., Hastings 
H. Campkin, Esq , F.8.A., 104, Pall Mall 
Bey. P. Boyston, M.A., Pnlborongh 
Mr. F. Ward, Battle 



Konorarj Condor anb Jibnirnra: Bobt. Chapman, Esq. 

CUrk: Mr. Kewland Budwick, Barbican. Lewes, fo wham all communications respecting 

unpaid SubscripHone, and the dehvery of Volumes, should be addressed. 

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Xll 



SUSSEX ARCIIiEOLOGlCAL SOCIETY. 



N,B, — The • prefixed denote$ Life Compounders, 



Abbott, Hon. E. 0. B., Kidbrook 
•Adair, Sir Robert Shafto, Bart. 
Ade, Mr. J. S^ Milton Court 
Addis, Jobn, Esq., Busti^ton 
Androw, Richard T. S., Esq., Tnnbridge 

WelU 
Atbensaam Club, London 
Auckland, Mrs., Lewes 
Austin, Edwin, Esq., Udimore 
Austen, Mrs., Hiurstperpoint 
Bacon, G. P., Esq., Lewes 
•Bacon, Rev. Thomas, Wiggonholt 
Baker, J. B., Esq., Buzted 
Bannister, Mr. Jos., Hastings 
Banks, E. S., Esq., Rye 
Banks, Rey. G. W., Worth 
Barber, Mr« Jan., Willingrdon 
Barchard, Francis. Esq., Horsted Place 
Barclay, Donald, Esq., Mayfield 
•Barttelot, Brian B., Esq., Pindon Place 
Baxter, W.E. Esq., Lewes 
Baxter, Wynne, Esq., Croydon 
Bazeloy, Rev. F. L., East Preston 
Beattic, A., Esq., St. Leonards-on-Sea 
Beard, C, Esq., Rottingdean 
Beard, Miss Matilda, Rottingdean 
Beck, Rev. Jas., Parham 
Beckwith, W., Esq., Hawkhurst 
Bedford, Rev. Thos., M.A., Iford 
Bellamy, Mrs^ Tunbiidge Wells 
Bellingham, Cf., Esq., Brighton 
Bellingham. Miss S., Rye 
Berry, Mr. T., Brighton 
Biggo, Mrs. Arthur, Brighton 
Bishop, Miss, Hawkhurst 
•Blaauw, W. H., Esq., M.A., F.S.A., 

Bccchland 
•Blaaaw, Mrs., Beechland 
Blaauw, T. St. Leger, Esq., Beechland 
Blackwood, W. Madox, Esq., F.S.A., 

Windsor 
Blagdon, John A., Esq., Petworth 
Blaker, Edgar, Esq., Lewes 
Blakistoii, Rev. Robt., Ashington Rectory 
Blencowe, J. G., Esq., Bineham 
Blencowe, R. W., Esq., M.A., The Hooke 
BHssley, Robert, Esq., A.I.B.A, Eaat- 

boume, and Fumival's Inn 
Bloxam, Rev. J. Rouse, J>,D,, Beeding 

Priory 
Blunt, F. S., Esq., Worth 
Bot'gis, Rev. Thos. 
•Boileau, Sir John P., Bark., V.P.S.A. 
Borrer, Rev. Carey H., Hurst- Piorpoint 
Borrer, John, Esq., Portslade 
Borrer, W., Esq., M.A., F.L.S., Cowfold 
Borrer, Lindfield, Esq., Henfield 
Bowdler, Charles, Esq., Runcton 
Bowles, Rev, F. A., Singleton 
Boxall, H., Esq., Wisborough Green 
•Boxall, W. P., Esq., Cowfold 
Boys, Jacob, Esq., CO, Grand Parade, 

Brighton 



Braithwaite, Rev. G., Chichester 
Brand, Honble. Hy., M.P., Glynde 
Brecknock, Earl of, Bayham Abbey 
•Bridger, Edw. Kynaston Esq., London 
Bridfl^es, Rev. A. H., Jlorsham 
Brockman, Rev. T., Beechborouffh 
Brown, Thos., Esq., Buckham Hill 
Brown, Alex., Esq., Eascbourne Priory 
Brown, Rev. Felix, Stopham 
Brown, J. E., Esq., Shoreham 
Brown, Rev. Hy., M*A., Pevensey 
Bruce, John. Esq., F.S.A., London 
Bruce, Rev. J. Collingwood, LL.D., F.S Jl., 

Newcastle-on-Tyne 
Buck, Rev. W. H., Seaford 
Backell, Leonard, Esq., M.D., Chichester 
Burnett. Rev. W., Boxgrove 
•Burrell, Sir Percy, Bart., MJP., West 

Grinstead 
Burrell,Lady Percy,Knepp,We8t Grinstead 
BurrelL Walter VV., Esq., Ockenden 
Burt, Henry M , Esq., London 
Burton, Aln*ed, Esq^, St. Leonard's 
Burton, Decimns, Esq., F.R.S., F.SA., 

London. 
Butcher, Mr. E., Lewes 
Butler, G. Slade, Esq., F.S.A., Rye 
Byafis, Thomas S., Esq., M.D.,Cuckaeld 
Burrows, J. C, Esq., Brighton 
Camden, The Marquis, K.G., Bayham 
Campion, Wm. J., Esq., Danny 
Campion, Rev. C.Heathcote, Westmeston 
Cane, Thos., Esq., Brighton 
Card, Mr. H., Lewes 
Cardale, Rev. T. E., Uckfield 
Carpenter, H., Esq., London 
Cass, Rev. C. W., Tunbridge Wells 
Catt, George, Esq., Bishopston 
Cayley, Miss, East Grinstead 
Chapman, R., Esq^^, Lewes 
Chambers, G. F., Esq., Eastbourne 
Chcale, Mr. Alexander, Uckfield 
•Chetwynd, The Hon. Mrs. Charles, 

Beechland 
Chichester, The Earl of, Stanmer 
Chichester, The Bishop of 
Chichester, The Dean of 
Chichester Library Society 
Chichester Literary Society and Mechanics ' 

Institute 
Christie, W. Langham, Esq., Glyndeboum 
Churchill, E., Esq., Tunbridge Wells 
Clarkson, Rev. G. A., M.A., Ambcrlcy 
Clutton, Robert, Esq., Reigato 
Glutton, Henry, Esq., Reigate 
Cobbett, John M., Esq. 
Colbran, Mr. J., Tunbridge Wells 
•Colchester, Lord, Kidbrook 
Coleman, Carlos, Esq., Brede 
Coleman, Horace, Esq.. Brede 
Coles, J. H. C, Esq., Eastbourne 
Combe, Boyce Harvey, Esq., F.S.A., 

Oaklands, Battle 



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SUSSEX ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 



Xlll 



Cooper, W. Dnrrant, Ea^., F.8.A., London 
Cooper, Mrs. W. H., Brighton 
Cooper, Rev. G. Miles, M.A., Wilmington 
Cooper, Joseph, Esq., P.S.A., Lewes 
Comtbwaite, Eev. Tullie, Walthaxnstow 
Conrthope, G. C, Esq., Whiligh 
Cripps, W. C, Esq.,Tunbridge Wells 
Crippe, B. M., Esq., Novington 
Crosby, James, Esq., F.S X, London 
Crosby, John, Esq , Hastings 
Cross. J. Hy Bsq^ Brighton 
Cro8skey> Wm., Esq., Lewes 
Crosskey, Robert, Esq., Lewes 
Curling, Mrs., Eastbonrne 
•Cnrling, Geo , Esq., Croydon 
Curr^r/E. C, Esq., MaUinsr Deanery 
Onrteis, H. Masoill, Esq., Windmill Hill 
•Caraon, Hon. Robt., Parham Park 
Daintry, A., Esq., Petworth 
lyAlbiac, George, Major, Brighton 
Dalby, Mr. C, Steyning 
Dahrmple, C. E., Esq., P.S.A., Aberdeen 
Dancell, Rev. G. P., Aldin^onm 
Darby, Geonfe,E8q.Jan.,Warbleton 
Dashwood, Rev. G. H., Downham Market 
Davey, Rev. W. H., Aston, Rowant, 

Titsworth 
Davey, Mr. Joseph, Lewes 
Davey, H. W. R., Esq., Worthing 
Davies, Warbnrton, Bsck, London 
Davies, Major-General F., Danehurst 
Davies, Byam, Esq., Bfinehurst 
Day, John, Emw, UekfiGld 
Dealtry, Miss, Bolniwt? 
De La Wair, Earl, Bnckhtirst 
Delves, Mr. W.. Tunbridge Wolk 
Delves, T, H-, Esq,, Tunbndgo WeUs 
Delves, Mr. Wm. Heniy, Ttmbnaga Wells 
Denman, Hon. Richard 
Dennett, W. H., Esq., WortW 
Dennis, kev. R. N., M.A., East BUtchmg- 

ton , _ 

Devonshire, The Dnke of 
Dickens, C. Scrase, Esq^Coolhnrst 
Dickinson, Mrs , Hurst-Pierpoint 
•Dilke, Sir C. W., Bart., F.S.A., Sloane 

Street, London 
Dilke, W., Esq., ChiAester 
Dixon, Henry, Esq., Frankham 
Dixon, Rev. H., M. A, Femng Vicarage 
Dixon, Mrs. G., Lavant 
Dixon, Miss. Wivelsfield 
Dodson, J. G., Esq., M.P., London 
Dorrien, C, Esq., Adsdean Tower, Fon- 

DongW^Rev. Stair, M.A, Ashling 
DraJce, Commander, T. G, R.N., Cow- 

Drieford, David, Esq., Brookside, Crawley 
Drewitt, Robert Dawtrey, Esq., Peppering 
DnmbrelL Mr. JamM,J)itchluiy 
Duncan, R., Esq., M.D., Tunbndge Wells 
DunkTuenry. %•. Hastings 
Eedle, Rev.E., M.A., South Berstei 
Barp, Fredk., Esq., Brighton 
•Edek, Rev. Arthur, M.A., Ticehurst 
Edmunds, Richard, Esq. JYorthing 

Edwards, T. Dyer. Es^. Wo^^^u ^.. 
EUiott, Robert, ifsq., F.S A., Chichester 



Elliott, Mr. Robert, Tunbndge Wells 
Ellis, Sir Henry, K.H., F.R.S., F.S.A., 

London 
Ellis, Joseph, Esq. 

Ellis, W. Smith, Esq., Hyde Croft, Crawley 
EUman, Rev. E. B., Berwick Rectory 
Elphinstone, Howard, W. Esq., St. Leon- 
ards 
Blsted, W. P^ Esq., Dover 
Elwood, Mrs.. Clayton Priory 
Emary, Mr. H. Miller, Eastbourne 
Emary, Albert, Esq., Hasting 
•Evans, Thomas, Esq., Lvminster 
Everest, Mr. W., Tunbridge Wells 
Everett, Benjamin G., Esq.. Ditchling 
•Evershed, SamL, Esq., Uckfield 
Eyton, J. Walter K., Esq.jF.S.A., London 
Fairies, Rev. Septimus. M.A., Lurgarshall 
Famcombe, Mr. Josepn, Lewes 
Fames, W., Esq., Lewes 
Fearon. John Peter, Esq. 
Field, George, Esq., Ashurst Park 
Field, Jn^Esq., Domden, Tunbridge Wells 
Fielder, Geo., Esq., Eartham 
Figg, W., Esq.. F.S.A.. Lewes 
Fisher, Richard, Esq., Midhurst 
Fitz-Gerald, John P., Esq., Seaford 
Fits-Gerald, Maurice Purcell, Esq., Pen- 
dleton, Manchester 
Fitshngh, Rev. W. A., M.A.. Streat 
Fitahugh, W. H., Esq., London 
•FletdBer, John Charles, Esq., Dale Park 
Foley, Rev. James, M.A., Wadhurst 
Foster, Rev. H., M.A., Selsey 
Foster, Rev. Rt., M.A., Burpham 
Foster, Rev. J. S^ M.A., Wivelsfield 
FothergiU. Rev. P. A.. M.A, Heighten 
Foyster, Rev. H. B., M.A., Hastings 
Foyster, Rev. G. A. Hastings 
•Franks, A. W., Esq., Dir. SA., Bnt. 

Mu.seum 
•Freeland, Humphrey W., Esq., Chiches- 
ter 
Freshfield, Edwin, Esq., Bank Buildings, 

London . 

Frewen, Thomas, Esq., Bnckwall 
FurreU, George, Esq., Rochester 
Gage, Viscount, Firle 
Gage, Hon. Col., Firle 
Gwnsford, Jno., Esci., Brighton 
Gainsford, Miss, Brighton 
Gask, Mr. H., Hastings 
Gaunt, Rev. C., M. A, Isfield Rectory 
Gell, Inigo, Esq., Lewes 
Gillman, Miss, Beechland 
Ginner, Will., Esq., Hastings 
Godlee, Burwood, Esq., Lewes 
Gordon, Mrs., Newtimber 
Goring, Rev. John. Wiston Park 
Gorring, Mrs. H. B., Seaford 
Gould, Kev. Joseph, M.A, Burwash 
Goulty, H. N., Esq., Brighton 
Gow, James, Esq., Fowlers Park 
Graham, J., Esq., Eastbourne 
♦Grantham, Geo., Esq., Barcombe Plwe 
Gravely, Richard, Esq., Newick 
Gravely, Thomas, Esq., Cowfold 
Gray, Fredk., Esq., TamngNeviUe 
GreeAe, Rev. H. Haddon, M.A., Rogate 



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SUSSEX ARC£LS;OLOQICAL SOCIETY. 



GrifEitliB, Ber. Jno., M .A. . Brighton College 
Habenhon, W. G., Esq., London 
*Hale8. Bey. B. C., Woodmancote 
Hall, John Eardley, Esq., Henfield 
Halsted, C. T.. Esq., Chichester 
Hanbnry, Bobt, Esq., MP., Eastbourne 
*Hankey, John Alexander, Esq., Bal- 

combe Place 
•Hannington, Mrs.^ Horst-Pierpoint 
Harris, W ., Esq^^ Worthing 
Harris, H. E./Bsq., Brighton 
BEarrison, W. H., Esq., Camberwell 
Harrison, H. D., Esq., Cackfield 
Hart, W. H.. Esq., F.8.A., Streatham 
Harvey, William. Esq., F.S.A., Lewes 
HaTiland, Bev. G. E., M.A., Warbleton 
Haweis, Bot. W. H., Slangham 
'Hawkes, Wm., Esq^ Birmingham 
*Hawkes, Timothy, Esq.. Birmingham 
^Hawkins, Bey. K., Lamoerhurst 
•Hawkins, J. Heywood, Esq., Bignor 

Park 
Hawkins, H., Esq., Haywards Heath 
Haydon, Bey. W« Midhurst 
Hayley, Bey. J. Barrell, M.A, Brightling 
Hayley, Bey. Bnrrell, MA., Catsfield 
Head, Mr. J., Lewes 
Head, John Merrick, Esq. 
Heales, A., Esq., F.S.A, Doctors' Com- 
mons 
Henry, Captain James. Blackdown 
Henty, Mrs. George, Cfhiohester 
Henty, Bobt., Esq^ Brighton 
Hepburn, Bey. F. B., M.A., Chailey 
•Hepburn, James, Esq^ Maidstone 
Hesketh, Bobt., Esck, F.B.S.. London 
Hengh, Jno , Esq., Hobnwood, Tunbridge 

Wells 
•Hewett, Bey. J. W., Tutbuiy, Burton-on- 

Trent 
Hibberd. Hy., Esq., Tunbridge Welbi 
•HiU, Chas., M^aa., F.S.A., West Hoathly 
Hill, Mr. John, Maresfield 
HiUman, Edward, Esq., Lewes 
Hills, Gordon M., Esq., London 
Hoare, Bey. H., M. A., Framfield 
Hodgkin, J., Esq.^ Shelleys, Lewes 
Hodgkin, John Eliot, Esq., Liyerpool 
Hodgson, Bey. J. F^ Horsham 
HoUamby, Mr. H., Tunbridge Wells 
Holland, Bey. T. A., Poynings 
Holland, Bey. Chas., Petworth 
HollandjJaSj^ Esq^ Hyde Park Terrace 
Hollis, W., Ssa., Brighton 
Hollist, Miss, Midhurst 
Holman, Henry, Esq., East Hothly 
Holmes, E. C^ Esq., Brookfield, Arundel 
Holmes, G., Esq., Arundel 
Holmwood, J Ht, Esq^ Tunbridge Wells 
•Hope, A. J. Beresford, Esq., M.A., 

M.P., Bedgebury Park 
Hoper, Mrs. J., Shermanbury 
Hoper, H., Esq., Lewes 
Hopkyns, D. D.. Esq., F.S.A., Guildford 
Horton, T., Esq., Lewes 
Howell, James, Esq., Brighton 
Hubbard JV. Ef., Esq.jHorsham 
Haghes, Hagh, Esq., Woodgato 
Hunt, Mrs., Brook St., London 



Hunt-Husey, Barnard, Esq., Lewes 
Hurst, Bobert Henry, Esq., M.P., Hor- 
sham 
HusBoy, Edward, Esq., Sootney Castle 
•Hussey, E. L., JBsq., Oxford 
Hassey, B. C, Esq., F.S.A., London 
Hutchinson, Bey. C. E., M.A., Amport 

Bectory 
Hutchinson, Bey. Thos., M. A, Ditohling 
Ingram, Mrs., Ashcombe 
Ingram, Bey. H. M., M.A., Steyning 
Ingram, Mrs. Hugh, Steyning 
Ingram, Jas., Esq., Chailey 
Jackson, Miss, Brighton 
Jeffery, Mr. H., jun^ Lewes 
Johnson, Edw. W^ Esq., Chichester 
Johnson, Bey. H. Luttman, M.A, Binder* 

ton House 
Jones, C. G.. Esq., Grayelye, Lindfield 
Jones, Bey. W. H., Moctram-in-Longdale 

Vicarage, Cheshire 
Jones, John, Esq., Fletching 
JuU, Mr. Bobert, Tunbridge Wells 
Eettel, H., Esq., Camberwell 
King, Joseph, Esq., Finsbury Circus 
King, Mrs. Joseph, Finsbury Circus 
King, Thomas, Esq., Brighton 
King, Bev J. C, Bury 
•King, Henry., Esq^ Lowndes St., London 
Kirby, Mrs., West Hothly 
Kirwan, J. S., Esq., Moyne BallyghinUey 

Galway 
Knott. G., Esq^ Cuckfield 
Knowles. The Bey. Dr., Windsor 
Legge, Key. H., M.A., Layant 
Laxnoe, Mr. Bichard, Lewes 
Lane, Henry C^. Esq., Middleton 
Latham, Bey. H^;, Leatherhead 
•Laurie^ P. N., Esq., London 
Law, W. J., Esq., London 
Lawrence, James, Esq., Battle 
Lawrence, Charles, Esq., Battle 
Lawson. J.Wise.Esq., Lime-street, London 
Leach, Miss, Ciapham. Surrey 
Leslie, Mrs., West Hall, Aberaeen 
Leslie, Col. K. H., Slindon 
Leslie, C. S., Esq., F.S.A., Slindon 
Leney, Mr. I!., Lewes 
Lewes Library Society 
•Lewiu, Thomas, Esq., Ifield 
Ley, Bey. John, M.A., Waldron Bectory 
Lister, John, Esq.. Waminglid 
Litle, Bey. G. A. M., M.A., Lewes 
Liddal, John, Esq, S. Kensingrton 
Lloyd, Lieut .-Col. G. K. Carr, Lancing 
Loader, B. A. C. Esq., London 
Locock, Sir Charles, Bart., M.D., London 
London Corporation Library Committee, 

the Chairman of 
Long, Miss Tylney, Bolney 
Long, Miss Emma Tylney, Bolney 
Longcroft, C. J., Hayant 
Loof, Mr. E. Fry, Tunbridge Wells 
Lower, M. A., Esq., F.S.A., Lewes 
Lucas, John Cll(^> Esq.^ F.S.A., Lewes 
Luxford, J. O., Esq., Higham 
Luxford, Bey. G. C., Felpham 
Lyall, G., Esq., Findon 
Mttberly, Boy. T. A., MA., Cuckfield 



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SUSSEX ABCHiEOLOOICAL SOCIETY. 



XV 



MaoAdam. Major, Gackfield 
McCarrogaer, KoT. J. Oramftney, Nathurst 
•MackmUy. £)., Esq., Pollokshields 
Macrae, John, Esq., Lewes 
McQaeen, Lieut.-Colonel, Ganterbary 
MoQoeen, J. B. Esq., Cfaailey 
Malcolm, J. G., Esq^., London 
Martineaa, Mrs. Phiup, Fairlight 
Mayer, Joseph, Esq., P.8.A., Lirerpool 
M^^ovrs, Geo., Esq., Hastings 
Medland, Bev. T., M.A., Steyning 
Melville. Miss, Henfield Lodge 
Mitchell, W. W., Esq., Arundel 
Miller, lAdjr, Frorle Park, Hants 
Mills, A. J. M., Eisq., Tortington House, 

Amndel 
Hinty, B. G. P^ Esq., Petersfield 
Mitchell, Bey. H., M.A., Bosham, F.S.A. 
Merrifeld, P., Esq., Brighton 
Mitford, W. Townley, Esq., M.P., Pits 

Hill 
Molineox, George, Esq., Lewes 
Molynenz, Hon. Francis G., Tnnbr. Wells 
Monk, Mrs., Lewes 
Monk, Thos., Esq., Lewes 
Moore, BeT. C. G., Maresfield 
MooTe,BeT.E., M. A., Weston, Spalding, 

Lincolnshire 
Morgan, W., Esq., Uckfield 
Moruon, W. W., Esq., Amndel 
Morritt, Miss, Brighton 
Mosley, Ber. J. B. M.A., Old Shoreham 
Napier, BeT. C. W. A., M.A., Wiston 
Napper, H. P., Esq., Guildford 
Nerille, Ladv Dorothr, Petersfield 
Newman, Mrs. P. B., Burton Latimer, 

Northamptonshire 
Newton, J., Jun., Esq., Horley 
Nichols, John Gough, Esq., F.SA., 

Brighton 
Nicholls, Bey. H., M.A., Madehnrst 
Nicholson. Mrs., Lewes 
Noakes, Mr. J.,Ghiddingly 
Noble. Capt., B.N., Forest Lodge, Mares- 
field 
Nott, Capt., Lewes 
CyPIaherty, Bey. T. B., M.A., Capel 
Olive, Bey. John, M.A., Hellingly 
OUiyer, Mrs. W., Eastbourne 
•Ormerod, E. L., Esa., M.D., Brighton 
Otter, Ven. Archaeacon W. Bruere, 

Cowfold 
•Ouyry, Frederic, Esq.. Tr.S.A., Ijondon 
•Oxford, The Bishop of, F.B.S., P.S.A. 
Paffe, Mr. T., Brighton 
Pame, Lt.-Col., Patcham 
Paine, Cornelius, Esq., jun., Surbiton 

Hill 
Paine. W. D., Esq., Beiffate 
Papillon, T., Esq., Crowhurst Park 
Paris, G. de, Esq., Brighton 
Parrington, Bey. M., M.A., Chichester 
Parsons, Mr. J. L., Lewes 
Paxton, Henry. Esq., Westdean 
•Penfold, Hugn, Esq., Bustington 
Petley, Bey. fi., M.A. Wilmington 
Phillips, Barclay, Eso., Brighton 
Phillips, John, Esq., Hastings 
Phillipps, Mr. John, Worthing 



Pierpoint, Bev. B. W., M.A^ Eastbourne 
Pi^tt, Rev Francis Allen, MA., Worth- 
ing 
Pilkington, Bev. C, M.A^ Chichester 
•Pitman, Bev. T., M A^ Kastboume 
•Plowes, John Henry. Esq., London 
Plucknett, Bey.W., MA ^Horsted Keynes 
Polchampton, Rev. E., M.A., Hartfield 

Bectory 
Powell, Rev.T. Baden, M.A., Newick 
Powell, Rev. William, M.A, Newick 
Powell, James D., Esq., N'owick 
Powell, Charles, Esq., Speldhurst 
Powell, Bev. Richmond, M A, South Stoke 
Powell, H., Esq., M.D., Brighton 
Powell, J. C., Em., Westhoathly 
Price, John E., Esq., London 
Prince, C. L., Esq.. Uckfield 
PuUinger, Mr. E., Lewes 
Putron, Rev. P. De, M.A., Bodmell 
Qaintin, Bev. J., Hastings 
Baikes, Mrs., Iford 

Bamsbotham, James, Esq., Crowborough 
Baper, B. G., Esq., Chichester 
Bawdon, C. W., Esq., Bath 
Bawdon, Mrs., Bath 
Reeks, Rev. H., MA., Angmering 
Renshaw, T. C , Esq., Hay wards Heath 
Richardson, Mr. J. M., Tunbridge Wells 
Richardson, T. S., Esq., Littlington 
•Rickards, Samuel, Esq., Shalimar, Acton 
Rickman, John, Esq., Lewes 
Rickman, R. P^ Esq.. Lewes 
Ridsdale, Rev. B., MA., TilUngton 
Robertson, Patrick F., Esq., M.P.tHasting8 
•Robertson, Rev. Divie, MA. 
Robertson, Br. Lockhart. 
Robinson, A., Esq., Lavant House. 
Rock, James, Esq., Hastings 
Rogers, Dr. U., East Grinstead 
Roots, G., Esq., London 
Roper, JohnW., Esq., Bayham 
Rose, Col. Holden, The Ferns, Wivelsfield 
Ross, T., Esq., Hastings 
Ross, Hy., Esq., F.SA., Swanscombe 
Roswell, Mr. £., Lewes 
Royston, Rev. Peter, Pulborough 
Bush, Bev. Henr^ John, Bustington 
Bussoll, Mr. Albion, Lewes 
Russell, Bev. J. C, M.A., Lewes 
Saint, The Bey. J. J., MA., Tunbridge 

Wells 
Salomons, Alderman, M.P., Tunbr. Wells 
Sanders, mr. James, Hailsham 
Sandham, Major, Washington 
Sandham, Bev. J. M., M.A.,Coldwaltham 
Sarel, Bev. H. Rule, M A., Balcombe 
Sclater,, James H. Esq., Newick 
Scott, Sir Sibbald D., Bt., F.S A., London 
Scrivens, G., Esq., Hastings 
Scrgison, Warden, Esq., Cuckfield Park 
Sergison, Rev. W., M.A., Slaugham 
Settle, Capt, B.S.A., Southover 
•Shadwell, W. Drew Lucas, Esq., Fair- 
light 
Shafd, Charles, Esq., Brighton 
Sharp, John, Esq., Tunbridge Wells 
Sh.arpc, Henry James, Esq , Hartley Wint- 
ney, Hants. 



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SUSSEX ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 



Sheffield, The Earl of, Sheffield Place 
•Shelley, Sir John Villiers, Bart, Mares- 

iield Park 
Shiffner, Thomas, Esq., Uckfield 
Shiffner, Ber. M.A., Sir G. Croxton, 

M.A., Hamsey 
Shoppee, C. J., Esq., London 
Simmons, Henry, Esq., Seaford 
Simpson, T. Fox, Esq., Tanbridge Wells 
Simpson, Rev. H. W., M.A., Bexhill 
Slater, William, Esq., London 
Slee, Edward, Esq., London 
Smi^ Francis, Esq., Salt Hill 
Smith, Frederick, Esq., Lamberhurst 
Smith, G.y Esq., Paddockhnrst, Crawley 
Smith, Mr. Jonn, Lewes 
Smith, Bgv. Henry, West Firle 
Smith, Mr. J. Rossell, London 
Smith, Mr. W. J., Brighton 
Smith, Wm. Tyler, Esq., M.D., 7, Upper 

GrosTenor Street, London 
Smithe, W. Forster, Esq., Staplefield 

Place, Crawley 
Smyth, E. W., Esq., Wadhnrst 
Smythe, Lewis, Esq., M.D., Lewes 
Snooke, Mrs., Chichester 
Sonthwood, Eey. E., M.A.. Newhaven 
•Sperling, Rev. J. H., M.A., Westbourne 
Sparrell, 0., Esq., Dartford 
St. Croix, Rev. W. de, MA., Glynde 
Staines, F. W., Esq., St. Leonards-on-Sea 
Stead, Rev. A., M.A.^vingdean 
Steadman, W., Esq., Horsham 
Stone, F., Esq., Tunbridge Wells 
Stone, W., Esq., Tanbridge Wells 
Satton, Rev. R. S., M.A., Rype 
Swainson, Rev. 0. A, D.D., College, 

Chichester 
Swan, Rev. J. T. A^ M.A., Cnckfield 
•Swift, John, Esq., Eastbourne 
Syms, Miss, Horsham 
Talbot de Malahide, Lord, F.R.S., F.S.A., 

Dublin 
Taylor, W. B., Esq., M.D., Pulborough 
Terry, John, Esq., Idcn, near Rye 
Thomas, W. Broderick, Esq., London 
Thompson, Rev. Sir Henry, M.A., Bart., 

Frant 
Thompson, B. Percy, Bso., Seaford 
Thompson, C. T., Esq., Kensington 
Thorpe, G. Archibald, Esq., Hastings 
Thorpe, Mr. B. H., Battle 
Till, W. J., Esq.. Croydon 
Tite, Wm., Esq., M.P., F.S.A., London 
•Tourle, J. J., Esq., London 
Towner, Mr. George, Cliffe, Lewes 
Tracy, Rev. — ., Chichester 
Trew, Richard N., Esq., Steyning 
Tribe, W. Foard, Escu, Worthing 
Trower, C. F., Esq., Westminster 
Taffneli, Rev. J. 0., M A., Bdburton 
Turner, Rev. E., M.A., Maresfield 
Turner, J.Singer,B8q.,Chyngton, Seaford 
Turner, Rev. Tho. R., M. A., Sutton 
Turner, Mrs. John, The Ham, Hurst- 

Pierpoint 
Tamer, Roger, Esq., M.D., Petworth 
Turner, Richard, Esq., Lewes 



Tyacke, Nicholas, Esq., M.D., Chichester 
Tyler, H., Esq., Uckfield 
Tyler, W. Hardinge, Esq., FrankUnds 
Tyssen, J. R. D., Esq., F.S A., Brighton 
•Tyssen, A. D., Bsq., Brighton 
Upperton, Robert, £2sq., Brighton 
Venables, Rev. E., M.A., Bonchuroh 
Vincent, Rev. F., M.A., Slinfold 
Vogan, Rev. T. S., M.A., Walberton 
•Wagner, H., Esq., Brighton 
Wagner, G. H. M., Esq., St. Leonaxda 
Wakeling, Mr. G., Brighton 
Waldegrave, Sarsuh, Countess of 
•Walford, W. S., Esq., F.S.A., London 
Walker, Rev. G. A, M.A., Chidham 
•Wall, W. H., Esq., Pembury 
Wallinger, Rev. W., MA., Tunbridge Wella 
Wansey, William, Esq., F.8.A., Bognor 
Warden, H., Esq., Tunbridge Wells 
Warren, Reginald A., Esq., Prestdn Place, 

Arundel 
Watkins, Rev. W., M.A., Chichester 
Watson, Robt., Esq., Standard Hill, Battle 
Waagh, Edward, Esq^ Cucktield 
•Way. Albert. Esq., P.S.A., London 
•Weekes, Richard, Esq., Hurst-Pierpoint 
Weekes, George, Esq., Hurst-Pierpoint 
Weir, Harrison, Esq., Peckham 
WeUesley, Lady Victoria Long, Bolney 
Wellesley, Rev. H., D.D., Herstmonceux 
West, Hon. and Rev. Reginald Sackville, 

M A., Withyham 
West, Lord, Buckhurst 
West, F. G., Esq., Horham Hall, Thaxted 
Wetherell, N., Esq., Pashley 
Wetherell, Captain Rd., Tunbridge Welk 
Whitbonm, Richard, Esq., Goda]jnin|^ 
Whitelock, Rev.Benj , M A., Groombridge 
Whitelock, J. W., Esq., Petersfield 
Whitfeld, T., Esq., Hamsey 
Whitfeld, George, Esq., Lewes 
Whitley, Henry, Esq., Tunbridge Wells 
•Wilkinson, Col., Lindfield 
Wilkinson, P. Richard, Esq., Brighton 
•Willett, Henry, Esq., Brighton 
Willett, W., Esq., Brighton 
Willett, Rev. E. A .. B.A. ,Haywards Heath 
Wilmott, Dr. J. B., Tunbridge Wells 
Wilson, Sir T. Maryon, Bart., Searles 
Winham, Rev. D., M.A., Bridge 
Wisdon, Capt., Bo^or 
Wood, John, Esq., Hickstoad Place 
Woods, W. li., Esq.. Chilgrove 
Woods, Rev. G. H.,M.A, Sho^wrke Honse 
Woodward, Mrs.Thos., Winkinhurst 
Wollaston, R., Esq., Reigate 
Worge, J. A., Esq., Lewes 
Wray, G., Esq., Rotherfield 
Wyatt, Rev. John J. P., M.A., Hawky, 

Bagshot 
•Wyatt. Hugh Penfold,. Esq., Cissbury, 

Wortning 
Wyndham, Hon. Percy, M. P., Petworth 
Wyndham, Hon. Miss, Petworth 
Wyndham, Chas., Esq., Lewes 
Young, Thomas, Esq., Camberwell 
Young, Edmund, Esq., Steyning 
Young, William Blaokman, Esq., Hastings 



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SUSSEX ARClLffiOLOGICAL SOCIBTT. 



WanatutTi "^mbm. 



XVll 



Breton, R., Esq., Perensey 
Gampkin, H^Ksq., F.8.A., London 
Gharma, M.^ President des Antiqaatresde 

Kormandie, Gaen 
Gochet, M. rAbb^, Dieppe 
Gorde, M. I'Abb^de, Bares, Neufchatel 
Diamond, Hagh Welch, Esq., M.D.,F.S.A., 

Twickenbam Honte, lion. PhotojBprapher 



Smith, Gbarles Roach, Esq., F.S.A. 

Spnrrell, Rer. F., Wxtham 

Trollope, Rev. B., P.8.A., Secretary to the 

LiDoolnshire Arohiteotaral Society 
Wells, Mr. Thomas, Hnrst-Pierpoint 
Semiohon^ Mons. Ernest, ATOoat. 



§lttlts ai t\it Snnttg. 



' I. That tbe Society shall ayoid all topics of religions and political controyersy, 
and shall remaia independent, though willing toco-operate with similar Societies 
by friendly oonununication. 

2. That the Society shall consist of Members and Honorary Members. 

8. That candidates for admission be proposed and seconded by two Members of 
the Society, and elected at any Meeting of the Committee, or at a General Meeting. 
One black ball in five to exclude. 

4. That the Annual subscription of Ten Shillings shall become due on the 1st day 
of January, or £5 be paid in lieu thereof, as a composition for life. Subscriptions 
to be paid at the Lewes Old Bank, or by Post-office order, to Geobob Molineux, 
Esq., Treasurer, Lewes Old Bank, or to any of the Local Secretaries. 

5. That every new Member, upon his election, be required to pay, in addition 
to such Subscription or Gomposition, an entrance fee of Ten Shillings. 

6. That Members of either House of Parliament shall, on becoming Members of 
the Society, be placed on the list of Vice-Presidents. 

7. That the management of the financial department of the Society's affairs be 
placed in the hands of a Sub-Committee, specially appointed for that purpose. 

8. That the Finance Committee be empowered to remove from the list of the 
Society the name of any Member whose Subscription shall be in arrear more than 
tiiree years, and who shall refuse to pay on application. 

9. That the general afiiairs of the Society be conducted by a Committee, to consist 
of the President, Vice-Presidents, two Honorary Secretaries, a Corresponding 
Seoretajy and Editor of the ** Collections," who (in accordance with the vote of the 
general annual meeting, held 17th August, 1865,^ shall receive such remuneration 
as the Committee may deem fit; Local Secretaries, a Treasurer, and not less than 
twelve other Members, who shall be chosen at the General Annual Meeting ; three 
Members of such Committee to form a Quorum. 

N.B.— This Committee meet at Lewes Castle, on the Thursdays next before the 
24th day of June, and the 6th day of December. 

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XVlll SUSSEX ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

10. That at Meetings of the Booiety, or of the Committee, the resolutions of 
the minority present shall be binding, though all persons entitled to Tote be not 
present. 

11. That a General Meeting of the Society be held annually, in July or August, as 
may be appointed by the Committee, at some plaoe rendered interesting by its An- 
tiquities or Historical Associations, in the Eastern and Western Divisions of the 
County alternately ; such General Meeting to have power to make such alterations 
in the Rules as a minority may determine, on notice thereof being one month pre- 
viously given to the Secretaries, or one of them. 

12. That a Special General Meeting may be summoned by the Secretary on the 
requisition in writing of five Members, and either the President, or two Vice- 
Presidents, specifying the subject to be brought forward for decision at such 
Meeting, and such subject only to be then considered. 

13. That the Committee have power to admit, without ballot, on the nomination 
of two members, any Lady who may be desirous of becoming a Member. 

14. That the Committee have power to appoint as an Honorary Member any person, 
including foreigners, likely to promote the Interests of the Society ; such Honorary 
Member not to pay any Subscription, nor to have the right of voting in the 
affairs of the Society, and to be subject to re-election annually. 

15. That the Committee be empowered to appoint any Member Local Secretary 
for the town or district where he may reside, in order to facilitate the collection of 
accurate information as to the objects of local interest ; and that such Local Secre- 
taries be ex-officio Members of the Committee. 

16. That Meetings for the purpose of reading Papers, and the exhibition of Antl« 
quities, be held at such times and places as the Committee may determine. 

17. That the Corresponding Secretary shall keep a record of the proce^ings of 
the Society, to be communicated to the General Meeting. 



\* AU commftnieationi respecting Papert for forihcoming Volumte^ ehould be addretted 
to Mask Antont Lowbb, F.S.A, CorreepomUng Secretary and Editor^ Letoet, 
as early as possible. 



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Suisjsex ^tcf)aeologtcal Collectionie;. 



BATTEL ABBEY. 



By thb Bbv. EDWARD TURNER. 



In whatever point of view we may look upon this once 
celebrated Benedictine Abbey, whether in an historical or 
an antiquarian, it is unquestionably one of the most interesting 
and, at the same time, most important of our Sussex monas- 
teries. It was founded by the Conqueror himself, after the 
battle which he fought with Harold, October 14th, 1066, and 
which is historicaUy known as the battle of Hastings, in 
accordance with a vow which he had made with his Norman 
troops previous to his going into action, that if he succeeded, 
he would erect on the battle-field a religious house, not only 
as a token of gratitude to God for thus blessing his 
endeavours, but also as a standing memorial to after ages of 
his signal triumph over his opponent upon this memorable 
occasion, and his own subsequent attainment of the throne 
of England ; a circumstance from which, by his own special 
appointment, it derived the name of " The Abbey of Battel." 
He spared no pains, nor did he regard any expense, to 
make it one of the largest and most richly endowed of the 
Abbeys established in this kingdom. Its extensiveness, and 
the superiority of its architecture, is clearly shown to this day 
by what still remain of the Abbey buildings. Not only did 
Duke William piously determine to erect a church on the 
xVn. B 

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2 BATT£L ABBEY. 

spot where the battle between the forces of himself and his 
Danish adversary was fought ; but in carrying his determina- 
tion into effect, he designedly raised its high altar on the 
very place where the fallen standard and lifeless body of 
Harold were found after the victory over his troops had been 
achieved. 

This church he is said by some of the Chroniclers to have 
dedicated only to St. Martin, who lived for some time the 
life of a soldier, previous to his becoming an ecclesiastic, 
and being made Bishop of Tours, in France; and whose 
banner, anciently carried before the French soldiers, was 
supposed to inspire them with courage, and to ensure to them 
victory. Others assert that its patron saints were St. 
Mary and St. Martin ; while the Abbey Chronicle declares 
that it was dedicated **To the Holy and undivided 
Trinity, the blessed Mary, ever Virgin, and Christ's confes- 
sor, St. Martin." This discrepance might possibly be easily 
reconciled. Sufficient, however, for my present purpose is 
it to state that the Abbey is almost invariably described as 
that of St. Martin's, Battel. 

Around this Church, then, the Conqueror, upon its compler 
tion, erected suitable residences for a considerable number of 
monks, whose appointed duty it should be continually to 
offer up prayers for the salvation of the souls of himself and 
Harold, and of the countless number of .those who vf ere 
slain in this severe conflict. 

Bobert of Gloucester, in alluding to the origin of this 
Abbey, says, in the quaint poetic language of the period in 
which he lived — 

'< King William bythoughte him alsoe 

Of the volke that was yerlorne 
And Blaine eke th* row him 

In the battayle by vome ;-^ 
And there as the battayle was 

An Abbeye he let rere 
Of Seynt Itfartin, vor the soulee 

That there a-alayen were ; — 
And the Monks well enough 

He feffede without fayle, 
That is yoleped in Bnglonde, 

Abbeye of the Battayle." 

For twelve months after William I. had obtained possession 

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BATTSL ABBEY. 3 

of the Crown of England, he was too much taken up with 
state affairs to find time to enter on the iiiliilment of his vow, 
and after these were a little arranged, the application of all his 
energies was for some time longer too much required in quell- 
ing the continually arising outbreaks of the people against 
himself and his aggression, and in securing the stability of his 
sovereigntj, to allow him to think of the preparation re- 
quisite for the erection of this Abbey. So soon, however, 
as the subjugation of his rebellious subjects had been in a 
great measure accomplished, and he . found himself freed 
from the cares and anxieties which intestine insurrections 
and disturbances were perpetually occasioning him, which 
was not until some time during the year 1071, he no longer 
delayed to enter on the fulfilment of his pious intention. 
And this he is supposed, in the first place, to have done by 
erecting a temporary church, and residences for four monks, 
under the walls of the Abbey precincts ; who would thus be 
able to carry out his designs while the more permanent 
buildings were in course of construction; the completion 
of which would necessarily be a work of two or three years. 
These temporary buildings, then, were not finished for use 
until about the year 1076; in which year we find the 
founder appointing Robert Blanchard to preside over the 
infant Abbey as its Abbot. That such preliminary accom- 
modation was provided seems quite evident from the 
authorities quoted by the editors of the last edition of the 
Monasticon Anglicanum. We learn, too, from the Battel 
Abbey Chronicle, that previous to the erection of the Abbey, 
the monks built within the intended circuit of the Monastery 
^^ mean dwellings of little cost as residences for themselves." 
At what time the Conqueror commenced the permanent 
Abbey buildings we are not informed; it probably was 
not until a few years after the completion of these temporary 
structures. A considerable period of time would necessarily 
be consumed in the erection of the boundary fence; and 
delay would take place after his plans were matured in pro- 
viding materials for carrying them out, and in preparing 
them for the different parts of the work. But whatever 
might have been the date of the commencement of the Abbey, 
certain it is that he laboured anxiously and earnestly in its 

B 2 

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4 BATTEL ABBEY. 

construction during the remainder of his life, but left it un- 
finished at the time of his death. It was at first proposed 
to provide accommodation for one hundred and forty monks ; 
but whatever might have been the founder's intentions, had 
he lived, we have no record of so great a number as this 
having at any time been resident within its walls. After 
his death, his son, William II., carried on to completion what 
his father had so religiously and zealously begun ; so that, 
in the year 1094, its spacious and magnificent church was in 
a sufficient state of forwardness for consecration ; and its 
other buildings far enough advanced to accommodate about 
one-third of this number. 

The great promoter of the erection of this Monastery, and 
eventually the architect employed in building it, is generally 
stated to have been a monk of the Norman monastery of 
Marmoutier, called William Faber; though Leland gives a 
different account of it. He tells us that A.D. 1085, 
"Suadente Bemigio Episcopo Dorceastrensi qui prius fuit 
Monachus de Fescamp, Gul. Magnus fundavit Abbatiam 
de Bello.''* To Faber was also committed the further task 
of selecting the first four monks, who were required, by direc- 
tion of the founder, to be men of great reputation for their 
learning and piety. These he brought over from the same 
Norman Benedictine Abbey of which he himself had been a 
member. Of these four monks, Eobert Blanchard, the first 
Abbot, was one. His abbacy, however, was of very short 
duration. For, having gone back to Normandy after his 
appointment, to make arrangements for entering on his office 
(a needfiil step at that time), he was accidentally drowned in 
returning to this country. The remaining three monks were 
increased from the greater abbey of Winchester,* and other 
sources, to the number I have already stated, as soon as 
accommodation could be found for them. 

This Faber had, as the name implies, been a smith previous 
to his entering into Duke William's service. In the Chronicle 
of Battel Abbey his metamorphosis from a mechanic to a 
monk is thus accounted for. While hunting one day in 
Normandy, he and his companions, who were probably monks 

« Ayloffe'8 ed., vol. it, p. 390. Dug- • Rapin'a History of England, vol. i., 

dale^s Monast Anglicanam. p. 168~note. 

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BATTEL ABBEY. 5 

of the same Abbey,^ found themselves short of arrows; and 
applying to a neighbouring smith for some, and finding him 
unacquainted with the art of making Ihem, Faber took 
the tools, and soon fabricated a supply. His ingenuity 
displayed on this occasion brought him into so much notice, 
that he determined to abandon his craft as a smith, and to 
lead from that time a monastic life. 

Before the buildings were commenced, a difference is stated 
to have arisen between these monks and the founder, as to the 
eligibility of the site which he had determined to build on. 
Of this site the soil was^ in the opinion of these monks, far 
too sterile, and too deficient in the supply of water, for the 
requirements of a large establishment ; on which account 
they strongly recommended its abandonment, and the adop- 
tion of a spot in the valley below, as in all respects more 
suitable. To these suggestions the King listened, but refused 
to accede ; replying to them and their objections, that so 
liberal should be the provision which he intended to make for 
them and the house generally, that the sterile places about it 
should become fruitful, and wine be more plentiful in it than 
water in any other of the larger Abbeys in the kingdom. 
Other objections were advanced, and among them the woody 
nature of the surrounding district, and its deficiency in the 
supply of stone fit for the purposes of building. But these he 
also over-ruled ; telling them that wood was easily cleared away, 
and that his ships had no longer anything to do, so that with 
these he would fetch stone from his own country for the 
purpose ; the stone dug in the neighbourhood of Caen being 
for building purposes far superior to any other. And regard- 
less of the great expense thus necessarily incurred in obtain- 
ing it, he began to bring some over. Before, however, he 
had provided any very considerable quantity, '* it was," the 
Chronicle of this Abbey states,^ "graciously revealed to some 
religious matron resident in Battel, or its neighbourhood, 
that by digging at a particular spot, which had been super- 
naturally indicated to her in a dream,* plenty of good 
building-stone would be found." This was done, and a 

* The Norman monkB were much ad- * In the Anglo-Saxon times mnoh faith 
dieted to field-sports. was placed in dreams, and the reveal- 

« Page 11 of Lower*s translation. ments they brought about. 

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6 BATTEL ABBEY. 

sufficiency of this material of a quality fit for the purpose, 
obtained ; thereby giving rise to the belief, that it had been 
placed there at the time of the creation, for the special purpose 
of facilitating the erection of this Abbey. Whatever might 
have been the means which led to its discovery, it is quite 
certain, that in the construction of its main walls the stone 
of the country was principally used. 

With regard to water, of which a deficiency was appre- 
hended, there was found to be no lack of this. The Abbey 
buildings were abundantly supplied with it by means of a 
conduit situated on the land of John Tamworth, called 
Feldreslond, through the middle of which the conducting 
pipe passed. This, we learn, from a deed to be found among 
the muniments of the Abbey, by which the owner of this land 
covenanted to allow at all times ingress and egress to it for 
the Abbot and monks, or their servants, for the purpose 
of altering and repairing this pipe when needful, ^^ according," 
as the deed states, ^* to custom out of mind.'' This deed is 
dated Battel, February 11th, 1435. 

The home territory of the Abbey was probably at first 
enclosed by a wooden paling, timber being plentiful in the 
surrounding district, and continued to be so fenced in until 
the 12th of Edward III. (1338), who granted a special grace 
under his privy seal for the Abbot and monks to fortify the site 
of their Abbey, founded by his predecessors, Kings of England, 
with a wall of stone and lime, and krenellate the site.^ This 
deed, which is also to be found among the Charters of this House, 
is dated Lopham, June 9th. The home territory consisted of a 
very considerable tract of land, assigned to it by the founder, 
and lying around the site. It was called " The Leuga," a 
term which appears, from a table showing the adaptation of 
ancient terms of admeasurement to modern computation, 
given in the Battel Abbey Chronicle, to have been a space of 
twelve roods linear measure, or, as Mr. Lower, in his trans- 
lation of this Chronicle^ explains it, 7920 feet; making the 
area thus enclosed to comprise a circle, the radius of which 
would be one mile and a half, and the diameter three miles. 
This Leuga was sometimes called "Lowy," as at Pevensey and 
Tunbridge, where, for aboutaleague round these towns and their 

• Sussex Aicfa. Ck>ll., vol. ziiL, p. 112. ^ Page 18, note 19. 



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BATTEL ABBEY. 7 

castles, the district is called the '^ Leuga," or " Lowy." Dr. 
Harris thinks that Leuga, Leuca, or Leucata, were the same as 
the ancient League, by which the old Gauls measured their 
journey ings, as the Somans did theirs, by the term '^mille 
passus/' This Leuga, or Leuca, was 1500 paces, or about 
one mile and a half in length. Spelman, in his glossary, 
under the word " Leuca " or " Leuga," states, that such a 
distance was frequently called by the name of Leucate, 
Leugate, or Lowy. Such a Lowy usually had very great 
and peculiar privileges attached to it. 

In fencing in the Abbey Leucate, or district, around the 
buildings of which the Abbey consbted, and in the subsequent 
erection of the Abbey itself, many hundred workmen, both 
British and Foreign, were employed. For the accommoda- 
tion of some of these, dwellings were built within the Leuga; 
but the greater part were provided with residences erected just 
without the enclosure, which possibly might have been the 
origin of the town of Battel ; for, that there were no houses 
where the town now stands previous to the building of the 
Abbey, but that the country close around was a wide and 
desolate waste covered witii heath, with here and there 
a bushy thorn, and perhaps a stunted tree, seems not to admit 
of much doubt. Every early allusion to it tends to show 
that this was the case ; that, in short, it was a wild uncul- 
tivated forest tract. The district seems to have been called 
Herste in Anglo-Saxon times, from its sylvan nature. 

The arrangement of these edifices appears to have been 
from a very early period in regular streets, a very curious 
list of which, with the names and occupations of the tenants, 
and the rent which each paid, is given in the Chronicle before 
alluded to. One hundred and fifteen artizans of different 
kinds were thus provided for, who were called Burgesses. 
Upon the election of a new Abbot, these Burgesses 
paid him, upon his coming into office, one hundred shillings. 
AH their causes were to be tried by the Abbot and monks. 
The arrangement of these houses, Mr. Lower considers^ to 
correspond generally with the arrangement of those of the 
present town. Upon this point, however, a diflference of 
opinion eidsts; some of our historians imagining that there 

• Chronicle of Battel Abbey, p. 15, n. 91. 

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8 BATTEL ABB£Y» 

was a town here previous to the foundation of the Abbey, 
called *^St. Mary's in the Wood/'^ the church of which 
was dedicated to the Virgin Mary. Parry speaks of a 
village here, antecedent to the establishment of the Abbej, 
called Epiton, which Mr. Lower*® thinks to be a misin- 
terpretation of the word Epitoneum, which Odericus Vitalis 
uses in the sense of a field. This argument then tells 
against Parry's hypothesis rather than in favour of it. 
In the allusion to this Abbey, in Domesday, it is called 
" The Abbey of St. Martin of the place of the Battel," 
and, *' The Church of the Battel;" Ecclesia, in this latter 
designation, being evidently intended to be taken in the 
sense of a monastery, or religious house. Had there been 
a church here at the time this survey was made, it would 
certainly have been noticed in it. 

This town possessed from an early period three Guild- 
halls, one of which was in Santlache, and called the guild 
of St. Martin; a second on the west side of the town, at a 
place called Claverham; and the third out of the town^ 
This, which was near to the Park, below Quarriere, is re- 
presented to have been "ad opus rusticorum," for the 
special use, that is, of the lowest grade of freemen. These 
three guilds the Abbots patronized ; and, as ex-officio mem- 
bers, were bound to contribute towards brewing the ale of 
each, and to be present at their customary meetings, but not 
personally; this part of the Abbot's duty he might discharge, 
and did so, by a deputy, who drank his share of the ale for 
him. A forfeiture was attached to any violation of the 
rules of drinking upon these occasions; which, if it hap- 
pened within the pale of the guild, belonged to the mem- 
bers ; if without such pale, to the Abbot for the time being. 
The Abbot was exempted from the customary payment for 
the interment of deceased members. It was obligatory on 
these guilds to ofier tapers at stated periods upon the High 
Altar of St. Martin in the Abbey Church ; towards the 
expenses of which the elders of each guild were bound to 
levy the customary contributions of the diflferent members. 

In a deed of this Abbey, the boundary of the Leuga com- 
mencing at a place called Bodeherste, on the east side of 

• Sir William BuxTeIl*B MSS., Sussex, >^ Chroniole of Battel Abbey, p. 82. 
Ponat. B. M., £679, p. 67. 

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BATTEL ABBEY. 9 

Battel, is stated to have passed onward from thence near to 
the lands of Robert Bos and Boger Moin, until it arrived 
at Hecilande, which it enclosed. To the south, it passed 
near to the land of Fitz Robert-Fitzwido, and from thence 
to land in Crowherste, called Peter's. To the west, it passed 
by the land of Cattesfelde, and by Puckehole, as far as 
Westbece, and near to the land of Itentune. From Itentune 
it extended past the land of Westlingtune and Wicham; 
returning from thence to Bodeherste, the point from whence 
it started. The greater part of these names are still to 
be identified in Battel and its vicinity. 

The Abbey Leuga was at first divided into four, but 
afterwards into five boroughs, called Middleborough and 
Uckham, (which two were originally but one borough, called 
Mydylborough) Santlake, Monjoye (within which were parts 
of Whatlyngton, and Sedlescombe), and Telham. It had also 
belonging to it five out-boroughs, called Barnhorne, Glazye, 
Buckstepe, Whatlington, and Seddlescombe; which Mr. W. 
D. Cooper tells us/* were within the hundred and jurisdic- 
tion of the Leet. Belonging also to this Leuga, according to 
the Domesday survey, was land called Bocham, consisting of 
half a hyde, less one virgate, which was situated in Crow- 
herste, without the Leuga, and obtained by exchange from 
Walter Lambert for a wood within it; also three virgates 
of land in Bece, held by Osbert of the Earl of Eu; one 
virgate in Wasingate, which, though the quantity is 
thus described, is supposed to have been half a virgate 
only ; and six virgates in Wilminte, which, though so 
called, measured but five, and are stated in other documents 
to be no more than this ; six virgates in Nidrefeld ; half a 
hyde in Peneherste; the same in Hon; one virgate in Pile- 
sham, three virgates in Cattesfelde; two hydes in Buling- 
tune, less one virgate; one virgate in Crowherste, one in 
Wil tinges, and one in Holingtune; making a total of six 
hydes and half a virgate, or about six hundred acres of 
land, reckoning one hyde to be equivalent to one hundred 
acres. These lands the foundation charter exempted from 
all episcopal and other ecclesiastical jurisdiction ; and 
from all temporal exaction and service whatsoever. 

" Suttex Archasological Ck>lleotioii8, vol. vi., p. 59. 
XVII. C 

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10 BATTEL ABBEY. 

That the tenants of the newly appointed Abbots and 
monks were all dependant upon, and owed suit and service 
to them, and to them only, is manifest from the customary 
services they were required to perform; which were as 
follows : the tenant of every house, besides the rent which 
he paid for it, was required to find a man for one day to 
work in their meadows, and to assist, when needed, in the 
reparation of the mill, which stood within the Leuga ; in 
return for which each of the tenants, when so employed, 
was to receive as a remuneration one loaf and a half of 
wheaten or rye bread, with the usual accompaniment of fish, 
cheese, or the like. Each tenant was also bound, when re- 
quired so to do, to make a seam of malt. They were not 
obliged to fetch the barley of which the malt was to be made 
from the Abbey granary ; but a servant of the Abbot and 
monks, with a horse taken from their stables, was accus- 
tomed to deliver the proper quantity at each house; and 
after it was converted into malt, it was then the duty of 
the tenants themselves to deliver it by measure at the 
Abbey, and to receive in return the customary number^ of 
loaves, together with the quantity of companage^* due to 
them from the steward. When their assistance was at any 
time needed in the meadows or at the, mill, they could not 
be compelled to give it oftener than was convenient to them ; 
still, if there was no reasonable hindrance, they were ex- 
pected at once to comply ; and whenever they were prevented 
from giving their attendance by a pre-engagement, or 
some necessary occupation of their own, they could not be 
sued or fined for their non-compliance ; and the same rule 
applied to the making and delivering of their malt. 

The tenant of certain lands in Telleham was bound to go 
with his horse, accompanied by a monk, or any other person 
the Abbot might appoint, whithersoever the Abbot and monks 
might order him. For this, the tenant, upon any such 
journey, was entitled to receive an allowance of provisions 
from them, both in going and returning, for himself and his 
horse ; and if the horse died or was injured on the journey, a 
compensation for such death or injury. And the tenant of 
lands in Beche was bound, during each year, to find the 

1' Companagium; anything eaten with bread. 

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BATTEL ABBEY. 11 

Abbot, or one of his monks, a horse to ride, whenever he was 
required to do so ; the A.bbot and monks in both these cases 
supplying the horse with shoes and nails." For these services 
each of these tenants was exempted from the payment of 
the Earl's penny. 

Owing to the erection of the permanent Abbey buildings 
not being commenced until after the Conqueror found him- 
self securely seated on the throne of this country, but being 
unavoidably delayed for four or five years, so that they were 
not finished by his son and successor until about the year 
1090 (that is, three years after his death), the dedication of 
the Church was also delayed until the month of February, 
1095 (the 8th of William II.), when it took place, and was 
carried out with the greatest pomp and splendour. The 
King himself, and the principal part of the Barons of the 
kingdom, were present at the ceremony ; as well as the 
following eight spiritual lords : — Anselm, Archbishop of 
Canterbury; Walkelin, Bishop of Winchester; Ralph, Bishop 
of Chichester; Osmund, Bishop of Salisbury; John, Bishop 
of Bath; William, Bishop of Durham; Roger, Bishop of 
Coutances, in Normandy ; and Gundulph, Bishop of Rochester. 
A large concourse of clergy and laity of this and the adjoin- 
ing counties was also present. 

We learn from the Saxon Chronicle" that the King was 
staying at Hastings at the time, on his way to Normandy ; 
and, as will be presently seen, he availed himself of this 
opportunity of conferring on the Abbey the advowsons of 
several churches situated in the counties of Essex, Sufiblk, 
and Norfolk ; and also of carrying out his father's dying 
request, that he would give to the Abbot and monks the 
Pallium, or royal robe, in which he was crowned, and which 
was not only beautifully wrought in gold, and adorned 
with the most costly gems, but further ornamented with three 
hundred amulets, set some of them in gold, and others 
in silver ; besides which it had attached to difierent parts 
of it chains of the same metals, to which were appended a 
considerable number of relics of the saints. He also handed 
over to them upon this occasion, as an additional bequest from 

I' Ad feira et clavos atque ezpensam ^* Saxon Chronicle, AJ>. 1084. 

Abbatis ct ^onacborum. 

c 2 

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12 BATTEL ABBEY. 

his father to the Ahbey, the feretrum," or portable altar, which 
he had brought to this country with him, and on which he 
was accustomed, during his expeditions, to celebrate mass. 
This, also, was studded with precious stones. He also gave 
to them, by his father's further desire, the sword which he 
used at the battle of Hastings. This sword, and the pal- 
lium, the monks would very naturally preserve, as long as it 
was in their power to do so, with religious care and venera- 
tion ; the former as the weapon to which they in a great 
measure owed their existence as a conventual body ; and 
the latter as an emblem of the success of William's daring en- 
terprize in order to obtain the supreme rule of this country. 
He also besought him to take the Abbey under his especial 
care; and to increase its endowment by every means in his 
power, so as to make it in wealth and greatness what he 
from the first designed it to be ; and would himself have 
made it had he lived to complete it. Some of the silver and 
gold of this pallium, however. Abbot Henry was obliged to 
sell, to satisfy an unwarranted demand made upon him by 
the King for ten pounds, to furnish a casula for the Abbey of 
Flagi, in Normandy. And at a subsequent period, finding 
that many of its amulets, as well as of the precious stones of the 
feretrum, were either lost or fraudulently taken away, Abbot 
Ealph, and the monks over whom he presided, were induced 
to sell the remainder, with the gold and silver chains, and to 
invest the money thus obtained in the purchase of land. 
That the relics which they retained might not T)e without a 
suitable receptacle, they caused, a reliquary of the choicest 
workmanship to be made for them. This, too, was enriched 
with much gold and silver, and adorned with many valuable 
jewels. When finished, it was consecrated by Ralph, Bishop 
of Chichester ; after which he deposited the relics with great 
ceremony in it, and granted a seven days' exemption from 
penance to all such as should annually visit them. 

This king afterwards conferred upon the Abbey the manor 
and church of Bromham, in Wiltshire. Thirty days' pardon 
was granted by the common consent of all the bishops to 

>* Mr. Lower Bupposea this to be the right hand, when he took the oath in 
feretrum, on which Harold is represented 1065, not to oppose Duke William's de- 
in tiie Bayeux tapestry as resting his signs on this country. 

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BATTEL ABBEY. 13 

such penitents as might, in the course of their pilgrimages, 
attend the anniversary of the day of its dedication. A 
suitable banquet was prepared for them upon the occasion at 
the expense of the house. The church, thus dedicated and 
endowed, enjoyed all the privileges and immunities of a 
royal chapel. In it he designed to have been buried, had he 
died in this country. Subsequent kings, too, were liberal in 
their donations to this Abbey. 

This Abbey, as it was originally constructed, must have 
been an immense pile of building. Brown Willis, in speak- 
ing of its magnitude, says, that '^the extent of the edifices 
may be better measured by the compass of them, than in any 
other way; they being computed at no less than a mile 
about." It is supposed to have been quadrangular. Of its 
four sides three may still be very satisfactorily traced 
by what remains of them. The ruins of the fourth side are 
said to have been taken down after the Abbey was converted 
into a private residence, for the purpose of obtaining from 
its windows a view of the park and country around, which 
they impeded. This was probably done when it became the 
residence of the Montague family. 

The Abbey precincts are entered from the town through a 
handsome gateway of three stages and two arches, a larger 
and a smaller one ; the larger arch being for carriages pro- 
ceeding to the Abbey, and the smaller one for persons on foot. 
This entrance gateway consists of a square tower, at each 
angle of which is an octagon turret, and on each side a wing ; 
the eastern one terminating with a corresponding tower. One 
part of this eastern wing was for many years fitted up and 
used as a sessions house, while another part was used for a 
school, and the remainder as a prison. The carriage arch 
is groined; and at the points of intersection of the groins are 
two rudely sculptured heads, which are supposed to represent 
those of William the Conqueror and Harold, the head of the 
latter being crowned. The lawn front of this gateway has a 
row of small arcades over the entrance arches, and another 
row of still smaller ones just under the battlements. This 
gateway is of the fifteenth century, and among the latest 
work of the Abbey. Over a doorway, leading out of the 
larger arch into a small courtyard, is a piece of timber 

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14 BATTEL ABBEY. 

projecting from the wall, which is known by the name of 
" The hang-man's post." Connecting this post with the 
sessions house and prison, the conclusion at which we 
should naturally be disposed to arrive, would be that the 
Abbot and monks possessed the power of executing crimi- 
nals tried and convicted by them of capital offences, had 
not Mr. W. D. Cooper assured us,*^ that he cannot find 
any authority for such a supposition. " Their power," he adds, 
" never at any time extended beyond holding pleas of their 
tenants before their own steward, and taking cognizance of 
all trespasses committed within a certain limit of the Abbey 
precinct." In speaking of this gateway, Browne Willis says 
that "it is a noble pile, and entirely preserved;" and in 
it were held all the meetings for this peculiar jurisdiction, 
which still has great privileges belonging to it.*^ 

Opposite to this gateway, as you enter the Abbey grounds, 
is a range of low parallel walls, terminating with two 
beautifully ivy- mantled turrets. The space between these 
walls is now converted into a terrace-walk, but was originally 
a range of chambers occupied by the monks as sleeping apart- 
ments. These walls were strengthened by a considerable 
number of low buttresses, having in the spaces between 
them a small aperture for the admission of light to each 
cell. The lower portions of these buttresses now remain. 
The two turrets are supposed by some to have been the orna- 
mental parts of another gateway leading to these chambers. 
But to me they have more the appearance of having been 
angular turrets, which originally finished off this wing of the 
building. They are evidently of the same date as the entrance- 
gateway. 

At right angles to this, and fronting the south, is the part 
of the Abbey now used as a dwelling-house; and the only 
portion of it not in ruins. This consists of the entrance-hall, 
which is a lofty and spacious room, 57 feet long and 31 feet 
wide ; having an open roof, which rises considerably above 
the rest of the buildings. The windows are in the Flam-^ 
boyant style, not usual in Sussex, but seen to good effect in 
the Church of the Austin Friars, London. This roof is of 

*> Sussex Archaeological CoUectiona, " Stevens* addiiioDS to Dogdale, vol. 

vol. vl, p. 60. L|p. 511. 

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BATTEL ABBEY. 15 

oak, and said to be an exact copy of the original, which 
was removed in 1812. 

To the left of this hall, and communicating with it by 
means of a doorway, is a large room fitted up in the Gothic 
style as a saloon, having a double-vaulted roof, supported by 
a range of three round centre-pillars, the groins of which are 
richly gilded, and by beams supported by corbels on the 
walls. This room is 50 feet long and 22 feet wide. Judging 
from present appearances, and the position of this room with 
reference to the situation of the Abbey Church, these arches 
were, it is not unreasonable to suppose, a part of the cloisters 
of this church. Connected with this saloon are some of the 
original parts of the Abbey, now used as offices. On the 
north side of this range of the Abbey buildings, are nine 
elegant arches, now filled up, but wliich appear to have been 
a continuation of these cloisters. Among the many improve- 
ments made in this Abbey by that most liberal-minded and 
excellent man, Abbot Walter, during the time he so ably 
presided over the establishment, the re-building of the cloisters 
is stated to have been one. They were at first but meanly con- 
structed, on which account he removed them, and erected 
others in their place ; the slabs and columns of which are 
represented to have been of smooth and polished marble. 
These cloisters enclosed a square of 80 feet. As soon as the 
cloisters were completed, the same Abbot commenced making 
a lavatorium for the benefit of himself and his brethren; 
but this he did not live to finish. 

Eastward of this part of the ancient Abbey, is its noble 
Refectory, which stands on elevated ground, a little detached 
from the portion in ruins. It is now roofless, and is of the 
middle of the 12th century. The dimensions of this spacious 
room are 150 feet long by 36 feet wide. It had twelve handsome 
early English windows on the eastern side of it, eight on the 
western, and six on the southern. The appearance and propor- 
tions of this state-room are much spoiled by a stable having been 
taken from it, for the accommodation of the stud of the occupant 
of the mansion. Under this room is a crypt,*® the roof of which 
is supported by a double row of arches. At the west end 
of this crypt, and communicating with it by a doorway, is a 

>* In monastic hotues a crypt is not unusually found under the refectory. 

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16 BATTEL ABBEY. 

smaller crypt, the two together occupying nearly, if not quite, 
the whole area of the refectory. To what use this grand 
room, with its two crypts, was appropriated by the Abbot and 
monks, it would now be difficult to discover. That it was 
not their usual dining-hall is, I think, plainly shown by the 
appropriation of another room to this purpose, now the 
entrance-hall of the present house, but which was then 
called '' the dining-hall/' The refectory was probably 
their state dining apartment, and used only on festal days ; 
such as the occasions of royal visits, or entertainments pro- 
vided for their tenants and retainers ; or the feasts given 
on the anniversary of the patron saint of the Abbey, when a 
much greater number of guests would be assembled, than 
could possibly be accommodated in their ordinary dining- 
hall. This refectory was approached by a flight of stepp. 
Gough states, that the roof which once covered it in was 
made of what he calls Irish oak, beautifully carved; but in 
this he was mistaken, for it was constructed of the English 
quercus pedunculata, then common in Sussex, and of which 
the roof of Westminster Hall is formed. Gough adds, that this 
roof was taken down by the first Lord Montague, and 
removed to Cowdray ; where it was probably destroyed by 
fire with the house. 

Of the Kitchen of this house, not only does nothing now 
remain, but even all knowledge of its actual locality has 
passed away. This is extraordinary ; as, judging from the 
size of the refectory, to which, doubtless, if it were not actually 
contiguous, it was somewhere very near, and from the 
numbers daily to be catered for in it, it could not have been a 
small and insignificant part of the Abbey buildings. The 
arched doorway in the side walls of the crypt is supposed to 
have been the means of communication between it and the 
kitchen. Some, from finding no other room adapted to the 
purpose, have imagined the crypt itself to have been the 
Abbey culina. Among these was Browne Willis, who, in his 
account of this Mitred Abbey, observes, " that though it be in 
a great measure demolished, yet, that some notion of its 
magnificence when in a perfect state, may be formed from 
what remains of its offices, and from the largeness of its 
kitchen, hall, and gatehouse." As to the kitchen, it was, he 

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BATTEL ABBEY. 17 

says, SO large as to contain five fire-places; and was arched 
over at the top. Here he evidently alludes to the crypt ; 
not being aware that the kitchen was a separate building, 
and that it was taken down in 1685; as appears from an old 
account-book of the steward at the time, in which he gives a 
statement of his receipts from the sale of the stone and other 
materials of which this kitchen was constructed. In the 
years 1686, '87 and '88, these statements are of frequent 
occurrence; and the sale of the materials "of the old 
kitchen" appears, from the entries there made, to have 
realized a considerable sum. The stone was sold sometimes 
at four, and at other times, five shillings a cart-load ; and the 
lead with which it was roofed over, at twelve shillings and 
sixpence the hundred- weight. On the 27th of February, 
1685-6 there was received, as the memoranda state, upon 
account of money due for lead, £10, and on May 15th, £20. 
In 1686, forty cwts. more were sold to other persons, and 
large quantities in the two following years; showing that the 
destruction of this part of the building for the purpose of 
sale must have been of large extent. The materials seem to 
have been in great demand, and, consequently, the quantity 
disposed of very considerable ; so that for the sake of the 
money thus attainable, the old Abbey kitchen was probably 
razed to the ground. Many other parts of the conventual 
buildings suffered demolition while they were in the posses- 
sion of the Montagues.^^ 

The situation and form of the splendid Church of this 
Abbey was left very much to conjecture until its foundations 
were completely explored by excavations carried on for that 
purpose, at a very considerable expense, by Sir Grodfrey 
Vassal Webster, in or about the year 1817. Its position and 
size were then clearly ascertained. All that now remains of this 
church are the walls and piers of a crypt at the east end of 
it, in which were three chapels ; the piscina and niches of 
each of which are still well preserved. The walls of the 
high altar, which, as I have before stated, stood on the 
spot where the ill-fated Harold fell, are still open. Its shape 



>• Thorpe's Battle Abbey Charten, &c., p. 168. 
XVII. D 



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18 BATTEL ABBEY. 

is oval,*® and the steps by which it was approached from the 
church remain. The foundations of the Chapter house, which 
stood to the south of the church, and to the east of the 
cloisters, are all that are now to be traced of this important 
part of the Abbey buildings. As this church was not con- 
secrated until nearly thirty years after the conquest of this 
country by the founder of the Abbey, it is probable that it 
occupied the site of the temporary church ; at all events, of 
an older, and far less costly structure. In the tower of this 
church was a good peal of bells; which, according to the 
Abbey Chronicle, were cast in early Norman times. 

Among the embellishments around the portrait of 
William the Conqueror, by Vertue, given in Rapin's History 
of England, and which are doubtless intended to represent 
some of the principal events and consequences of his in- 
vasion of this country, he is represented beneath his bust 
sitting in a chair, with Britannia humbled before him. On 
the right, within a frame-work of stone, his ships are repre- 
sented as anchored off the coast of Hastings ; and on the left, in 
a corresponding frame- work, are his troops disembarked; ob- 
scuring a part of which is a tablet, on which is represented the 
cruciform ground plan of a building headed "battle abby," 
but which is evidently intended to represent that of the 
church only; issuing from behind which is a scroll partly 
unrolled, which probably is intended as an allusion to the 
foundation charter of the Abbey, or perhaps its far-famed 
roll. Beneath this is an open folio volume, at the top of 
the right hand page of which is " domesday book," resting 
on another volume of the same size, which is closed, but 
which may, without much stretch of the imagination, be 
supposed to contain the Battle Abbey Charters. 

The residents within the Leuga, and in many other parts of 
the parish without its limits, were at first in the habit of 
attending divine services in this church, which were per- 
formed by a chaplain and his clerk appointed by the Abbots; 
who, for their remuneration, were entitled to their main- 
tenance in the Abbey with the monks. All the ministerial 
duties of this church were subject to the Abbot's control. 

How the church was first healed in does not appear; but 

^ For a view of the remains of this altar, we Suas. Aroh. Coll., toI. vL, p. 83i 

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BATTEL ABBEY. 19 

Abbot Ralph, who was a considerable benefactor to the 
Abbey, and during whose governance it rose to great popu- 
larity and success, is stated to have put, in the year 1120, a 
leaden roof upon it, and otherwise to have greatly em- 
bellished it. He also enlarged the accommodation of the 
house over which he presided, by the addition of many new 
buildings, and completed its unfinished boundary walls. 
His successor, Abbot Warner, was also a great benefactor 
to the church. He first completed the leaden roof, which 
Abbot Ralph had begun, but left unfinished at his death; 
after which he provided many costly vessels of gold and 
silver, as well as vestments, and such other necessaries for 
its altar-services, as were suited to the dignity and high 
position of the house. 

The roll of receipts and disbursements of Dominus 
Richard, Sacristan of the Abbey, for the year 1423, shews, 
that extensive repairs and decorations were done to the 
Abbey Church in that year. 

So strictly was the anniversary of Saint Martin required 
to be kept, not only at Battel, but in all the parishes, the 
churches of which were in the patronage of the Abbot and 
convent, that William Bottoner, of Ixning, in Suffolk, was 
compelled to do penance in the chapel of that parish, for 
daring to plough on that day. The year in which this 
happened is not stated. And whenever a new incumbent 
was appointed to Newmarket, the chaplain of this chapel 
was obliged to meet him at the entrance of the town, with 
the cross and banners of his cbapel, and conduct him in 
procession into it. 

One of the many privileges possessed by the Abbey 
Church was that of Sanctuary. Any person guilty of an 
offence, however heinous it might be, and taking refuge 
within it, was protected from all harm, and escaped entirely 
free of punishment. 

The Almondry, or place from whence the monks distributed 
their daily alms, is frequently alluded to in the Battel 
Abbey deeds ; and had its own separate endowment. 
Among its benefactors were William de Bee, who, for the 
salvation of his soul, gave to this Almondry rents in Win- 

D 2 

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20 BATTEL ABBEY. 

Chelsea, and lands in Snelham. Eustace Cook also gave to 
it a croft in Battel, called AUarde's croft. Robert Foster 
gave to it the third part of the Lordship of Mexfeld in 
Guestling, with the lands which Levota, widow of Robert 
de Haye, held, and the reversion of which he had sold ; and 
John de Popyngton six acres and seven virgates of brook- 
land, and two acres of land near to the brook, extending 
northwards to the place called, " the Old Mill." Olyva 
de Wickham, with the consent of her son, gave to the same 
Almondry meadow-land in Trandelie ; and Agnes, the wife of 
Walter Boner, the meadows and other lands of Sandele in 
Wycham. One of the monks usually held the office of 
Abbey Almoner. 

Although the Abbey was, as I have already said, origi- 
nally designed to accommodate one hundred and forty 
monks, there appears never to have been more than sixty 
resident in it at any one time ; generally the number was even 
fewer than this. Great as its revenues were, they were, owing 
to the unexpected death of the founder abroad, never ade- 
quate to the support of the complement of monks originally 
designed by him. 

In 1445, Sir Thomas Hoo, lord of the manor of Hoo 
and Hastings, founded a chantry in this Abbey, to which 
he attached two monks, for the purpose of "syngynge in 
perpetuite at Sainte Benynguy's Altar in the saide Abbey 
for hymselfe and his awncestors, and for such other persons 
as his executors might ordeyne." For their support, he left 
to his feoffees and executors, lands of the value of twenty 
marks per annum, which he directed them to give in mort- 
main to the Abbot and convent of Battel, and their suc- 
cessors, or to pay to them the same sum in money, which- 
ever might be most agreeable to them.** And by a deed 
dated 1480, his half-brother, Thomas Hoo, Esq., gave to the 
same Abbot and convent, rents, lands, and tenements, in 
the manor of Eoughey, and in the parishes of Horsham 
and Ruspar, and other properties in and about Horsham, 
which he had purchased of John, Duke of Norfolk; and 
lands in the parish of Farleigh, for the maintenance of two 

»• M& Col., Armor, 1—7, fol. 61. 

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BATTEL ABBEY. 21 

monks within the Abbey, whose duty it was to be to cele- 
brate at the obsequies, and at all future times to pray in the 
Abbey Church for the soul of Sir Thomas Hoo, Knight, 
late Lord of IIoo and Hastings, deceased; for the good 
state and health of the souls of the donor, and of Alicia, 
his wife ; and of the souls of Walter Urrey, Esq,, his wife's 
father, to whom the manor of Buspar previously belonged, 
and of Willme (Wilhelmina) her mother, then deceased; 
and also of all parents, friends, benefactors, and kin of the 
same Thomas Hoo, and Alicia his wife.^ 

Battel Abbey was one of the British Mitred Abbeys, of 
which there were twenty-six only in the whole kingdom. 
From the time of the first regular Parliament** until its 
dissolution, its Abbots were invariably summoned to the 
upper house as spiritual peers. Of these twenty-six Abbeys 
that of Battel ranked the third, the Abbeys of St. Alban 
and Edmondsbury taking precedence of it. The Abbot's 
insignia, like those of a bishop, were a mitre and crozier; 
but with this difference, that the Abbot's crozier was always 
carried in his right hand, while the crozier of a bishop 
was borne in his left. 

The chaplain of the Chapel of St. Mary's, Battel, is often 
alluded to in the Abbey charters. This chapel is stated to 
have been built during the time that Ralph presided over 
the house as Abbot, namely, from 1107 to 1124, for the 
accommodation of the inhabitants of the town of Battel, 
whose attendance, as their numbers increased, at the Abbey 
Church, was a source of some inconvenience to the monks. 
So intimate was the connexion of this chapel with the 
Abbey, that it was looked upon as a part of it; and its 
altar was treated as an abbey-altar. Although at first the 
chaplain was not a monk, he was considered a member of the 
establishment; and so well acquainted had he the opportu- 
nity of becoming with the affairs of the convent, that the 
incumbency was never bestowed on any one, that would not 

** For an aoooant of the Hoo family, ** Lower*8 Battel Abbey Chroniole, 
by W. D. Cooper, Esq., see Sussex Arcbso- p. 208. 
logical Collections, vol. vili, p. 104. 



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22 BATTEL ABBEY. 

engage to reside upon it, and to take tbe duty arising out 
of it himself. Like the Abbey Church, it was exempt 
from episcopal jurisdiction and control. This chapel stood 
just without the Abbey walls, and at a later period was 
served by a priest of the house, under the direction of the 
Abbot and monks. After a time it probably became the 
parish church. A few years after the erection of this chapel, 
its revenues, much to the annoyance of the inhabitants of 
the town, were seized upon by the Abbot and monks, and 
by them appropriated towards the expense of finding lights 
for the Abbey Church; but principally in supplying wax 
tapers to be kept continually burning before the High 
Altar and the Host, and the relics of Saints there de- 
posited; this altar having previously been lighted by 
lamps supplied with impure and foetid oil. Upon com- 
plaint made to him, this misappropriation of the chapel 
endowment Abbot Odo put a stop to. Ample funds being 
shortly after supplied from other sources to meet this 
item of expenditure, there was no longer any need for the 
monks to have recourse to such a system of spoliation 
to obtain them; for, towards supplying tapers to be kept 
continually burning before the Altar of St. Mary, we find 
Robert Cementarius giving, about the time, land in the 
town of Battel described as extending from the Plessett 
to the street of the mill leading towards Robertsbridge ; 
Eustace Cook, land in Battel; Angelus de Dudilande, rent 
arising from land in Breggeselle, near to the great street 
leading to Hecklonde; Thomas, the son of Thomas de Hare- 
mere, rents issuing out of land contiguous to the land lately 
demised to Robert de Yewherste by Helewisa, daughter of 
Rengerus; Luke, the son of Richard Savage, an annual 
rent due from a tenement occupied by Alexander de Swine- 
ham ; Warner de Someri, rents in Battel ; and Thomas de 
Whatlyngton, rents payable by William, son of Joshua de 
Haremere, out of lands in Whatlyngton, held by Alexander, 
the son of Hugh de Forde. 

Among the disbursements of John Hamond, the last 
Abbot, during the time he held the office of sacristan of the 
Abbey for the year ending Michs. 1612, are payments for 



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BATTEL ABBEY. 23 

two silver candlesticks for the tapers directed to be kept 
continually burning; and for two glass lamps for oil, to 
hang perpetually before the High Altar. 

Among the Records at the public Record Office, is a full and 
well kept Register of the Abbey and its possessions.** 

The office of Sacristan, or sexton, of the Abbey Church 
was one of great trust and importance. To him belonged 
the charge of the church ; and the vessels and furniture of 
the convent generally were under his care. The duties, 
however, of the sacristan, or sacrist, diflFered in diflFerent 
monasteries, according to the order the monks professed. 
In some houses he had to lock up every night the diflFerent 
altars of the church, and to place the keys in the almery ; 
and to unlock them again in the morning between the hours 
of seven and eight, that they might be ready for the monks. 
At Battel the office was held either by a priest or deacon, 
and was very considerably endowed. . In Sir Thomas Phil- 
lips's collection of Battel Abbey Charters, Casley's copy of 
those referring to the endowment of this office occupies 
more than half of a thick folio volume. 

It appears also to have been a part of the duties of 
the sacristan to take charge of the charters, &c., of 
the Abbey, and to keep a register of them. For Thorpe, 
in speaking of the register of all the grants, feofments, &c., 
relating to lands and tenements situated in the diflFerent 
manors belonging to this house, &c., says, that it is *' in the 
hands of John Waller, sacristan of the said monastery;" 
and that it ''contains transcripts of the original grants 
from the time of Odo, the Abbot, to the year 1511, the 
additions being in the autograph of Waller's successors in 

** Exch: Court of Augm: Misc: Books, bookseUer, in Bedford Street, Govent 

Noe. 56 and 57, charters, royal grants, and Garden, into whose hands they fell in 

donations, many of them with their seals or about the year 1834, by purchase, of 

in fine preservation, as well as a copy of the then possessor of the Battel Abbey 

the Monastic Chartulary, and the official, estate. In the Descriptive Catalogue of 

manorial, court baron, court leet, and them, which Thorpe published in 1835 

rent rolls, registers, and other documents (8vo., pp. 221 \ he describes them as " the 

constituting the muniments of Battel whole bouna in ninety-seven volumes, 

Abb^, are now in the possession of Sir folio, uniform in Russia.** The price he 

Thomas Phillips, Bart., of Uiddle-hill, asked for them was Twelve Hundred 

Bromsgrove, Worcestershire ; having Pounds, 
been purchased by him of Thorpe, the 



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24 BATTEL ABBEY. 

the oflBice of sacristan." This register is on parchment, of 
a folio size, and consists of 270 closely written pages. Its 
date is 1409. 

The sacristan, too, of this Abbey seems to have acted oc- 
casionally as steward, or perhaps the steward's deputy ; for 
in the same collection of deeds are several rolls of accounts 
of John Colwell, sacristan, dated March, 1 460. These ac- 
coimts shew that the Abbot aud monks were in the receipt, 
at that time, of rents from lands in Middleborough, Mount- 
joy e, Sandlake, Briggeselle, and Helmyjigfold ; and from 
tenements in Romsey, Agmersherste, Becke, and Popynoth 
in Seddlescombe, Whatlyngton, Swyneham, Glasye, Hawk- 
herste, and Cranebroke, Willyngdon, Clopham*, and Charle- 
ton; from lands called Redewishe; from Pithyngdon in 
Kent; from Anglyngle; and from a messuage called Stok- 
kers in Middleburgh. He also accounts for pensions re- 
ceived from the rectories of Hawkherste, Leinsfeld, and 
Warbilton; for the tithes of Boreselle in Tyseherste, and 
of Alsyston ; for the rent of a meadow and other lands in 
Buckholt; of lands in Bekle and Pevensey; of the Moor- 
house, the grange of the Abbey, in Hawkherste; for tithes 
in Enam, Oldcourt, Hoope in Saleherste; of Glasie in 
Bekle; of Gestelinge, Westfelde, Battel, Monfelde, What- 
lyngton, and Seddlescombe, and for the profits of the fair at 
Hawkherste. The incumbency of Hawkherste was in the 
patronage of the Abbot and monks. The church was 
founded by them in the reign of Edward HI., and they 
appointed the incumbent as vacancies occurred, until the 
general dissolution, when it was granted to Charles Brandon, 
Duke of Suffolk, and shortly before the death of Henry 
VIII. regranted, strange to say, without this Duke's con- 
sent, or even knowledge, to the dean and chapter of 
Christ's Church, Oxford, in whose patronage the perpetual 
curacy still continues. Other livings in the Abbey patron- 
age were those of Alcyston, Bromham, Brychwalton, 
Burcholte, Cycester, Eylesham, Ikelsham, Ixning, Kynges- 
wode, Ledes, Mildenhall, Norton, Sandford, Trillawe, and 
Westfielde. It is worthy of notice that with Westfelde 
Church, William Fitz-Wibert, the donor, gave all the customs 
appertaining to it. Among these was that singular one, 

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BATTEL ABBEY. 25 

Ordeal by Water." Ralph, Bishop of Chichester, (1091 to 
1123), in his deed of confirmation of this gift, adds, ''et 
Judicium Aque, quod quadam jure ad illam ecclesiam pertinet, 
concedo. Volo autem, et firmiter precipio, ut, de predicto 
Judicio Aque, .... nullus se intromittat, nisi Abbas 
de Bello, et Monachi ejus." 

Among the many extensive and valuable Manors possessed 
by this Convent were those of Wye, in Kent, and Apple- 
dram, in Western Sussex. According to Domesday, the 
Manor of Wye was rated at seven solins^^ or hydes. Its arable 
lands were computed to be fifty-two plough lands; its meadow 
thirty-three acres; and its wood to yield pannage for three 
hundred hogs. The profits of this Manor, in Norman times, 
were estimated at £125 10s. Od. Appertaining to it were 
twenty hundreds and a-half.^ This Manor the Abbot and 
monks held as freely as the King himself had previously 
done. The original parish church is supposed to have been 
founded by them. Its site is not now certainly known ; but the 
tradition of the neighbourhood is, that it stood just at the en- 
trance of the town, on the river side, upon a little hill, called 
Bolteshill; and that it was taken down and rebuilt in its present 
situation by Cardinal, afterwards Archbishop Kempe, a native 
of Wye, on land which he purchased of the Abbot and monks of 
Battel. To it he attached a college for secular priests, whom 
he directed to be called prebendaries, of which the rector of 
the parish was always one. At the general dissolution of 
monasteries, and monastic institutions the revenue of this 

^ Water ordeal, as a tedt of innoceDce custom. Water ordeal was usually ap- 

or fiT^ilt, was practiced by means both of plied to the commonalty : the uobility 

hot and cold water. In the former of were tested by the fiury ordeal. Both 

these two ordeals the accused, standing kinds are of Saxon orifan ; and are 

before a vessel of boiling water, was founded on the notion that Ck>d is always 

made to plunge his bare arm into it; ready miraculously to interpose, to save 

and he was pronounced innocent or the innocent and punish the guilty. A 

guilty according as the arm, when with- full account of these and other ancient 

drawn, was found to be scalded or not. ordeals, will be found in Hollingshed's 

In the latter, the accused was thrown Chronicle. 

Into some deep part of a pond or rirer, ^ Sulinga,or Swolingaterne — a soling 

where, if he stru^led in the least to or hyde of land — was called in Saxon 

keep himself floatmg on the surface of Sulung ; from Sul, a plough. In the 

the water, he was accounted guilty ; but West of England a plough is still called 

if he swam without effort or motion on a Sul. 

his part, he was honourably acquitted. ^ Lambarde considered the Royal 

Swimming people suspected of witch- Manor of Wye to comprise a fifth part 

craft is a remnant of this barbarous of the Coun^ of Kent. 



XVII. E 



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26 BATTEL ABBEY. 

college was valued at £93 2s. The benefice was originally a 
rectory, the profits of which the Abbot and monks at first applied 
to their own use — but in the course of time a vicarage was 
ordained and endowed, at what particular date I have been 
unable to discover, but there is evidence of its having taken 
place previous to the year 1384, for it was then taxed at the 
yearly value of £6 10s. The town is supposed to have stood 
in early times in the valley between the Wyedown and 
Crundale, called Pett-street, where Dr. Harris states several 
deep wells existed in his day. 

The manor of Appledram also belonged to the Abbey. Of 
the way in which it became a part of its possessions two 
equally plausible accounts are given. One states that 
it was by donation of the founder, and that, being 
resumed by Henry L, he subsequently restored it to the 
Abbot and monks in exchange for the Abbey of Reading in 
Berkshire, which was found to be too distant from Battel to 
be of much advantage to them ; while the other states that 
this King, having determined to build an Abbey at Reading, 
selected as most covenient for its site, land belong- 
ing to^the church, which had been given to the 
Abbot and monks of Battel by their founder. In exchange, 
then, for this the King gave to them the manor of Funting- 
don, near Chichester, which afterwards, at their request, he 
exchanged for the manor of Appledram. 

The manor house, which is an ancient stone structure, was 
probably built by the monks. This manor was for many years 
leased to a family named Wakehurst. A record in the Tower 
of London states, that *' Ricardus Wakehurst, tenet unum 
messuagium et centum acras terras in Appuldram de Abbate 
et Conventu de Bello." From Blunt's Tenures we learn, that 
by the custom of this manor the tenants were bound to harrow, 
with one man and one horse, the lord's land for one day, as 
long as any part of it was left unharrowed, both in winter, 
and also during the Lent seed time; and that every man so 
employed was entitled to receive for each day a meal consist- 
ing of bread, pottage, meat, and a pennyworth of drink; 
and for the refreshment of each horse so employed and pro- 
vided by him, as much corn as could be taken up by his two 



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BATTEL ABBEY. 27 

hands put together, and commonly called a *' double-handfiil.'* 
He was also further bound to find a plough for the Abbey 
plough-lands two days, if he possessed a whole plough ; and 
if not, as much as he could do from morning till noon ; the man 
holding the plough, and the man driving the plough-horses 
being entitled to a substantial meal after each day's plough- 
ing was completed. These were called " dies precari©," 
which sometimes consisted of a certain number of days-work, 
which the tenants of some manors were bound by their 
tenure to render to the lord in harvest time. The manor 
of Appledram was afterwards held by John Aylmer, subject 
to a like service. "Johannes Aylmer tenet hydam terrse in 
Appuldram ; et debet inter alia servitia venire quolibet anno ad 
duas preparias cum cari-uciX su^, et tunc arare a mane ad 
meridiem." "Precariae," Spelman says, "fiunt tam equis, 
curru, et carrucft, quam manopere, juxta Domini consuetudi- 
nem ; et tam a libero aliquando tenente quam nativo." The 
Nonas roll of the parish of Appledram states, that the ninth 
part of the sheaves of the land of the Abbot of Battel under 
plough cultivation was valued the year the account was taken 
(1341) at forty shillings. 

Other manors possessed by the Abbot and monks, according 
to the same Norman survey, were Alcyston manor, which 
they held of the king, and which was assessed at forty-three 
hydes and a half, the arable land being computed to be 
twenty-eight plough lands. This manor paid geld for forty- 
four hydes in the hundred of Totenore. At the time Henry 
I. confirmed the Conqueror's gift of this manor to the Abbey, 
he made it " quit from shires and hundreds, and all other 
customs of earthly servitude," as it had been in his father's 
and grandfather's time ; himself adding exemption from con- 
tribution towards the works of London Bridge and Pevensey 
Castle. Here the Abbots had a manse, now converted into a 
farm-house. In Totnore hundred the Abbot and monks held 
of the king four hydes ; in the rape of Hastings they had six 
and a half hydes, including Bocheham, which they held in 
demesne; in Bece, Wasingate, Wilmente, Ninefelde, Penherste, 
Polesham, Cedesfelde, Bolintum, Crowherste, and Holington, 
all then in the same hundred, they held portions of land, 
amounting upon the whole to three hydes, and twenty-nine 

£ 2 

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28 BATTEL ABBEY. 

rood lands. Of these, two and a half hydes were held in 
demesne, and exempt from land-tax. They had also the 
manor of Liminesfelde, or Limpsfelde, in Surrey, which was 
once the property of Harold, and assessed with its depen- 
dences, at twenty-five hydes, including its liberties and royal 
customs ; its value, at the time of its transfer to the Abbey, 
was £24. In Berkshire they had the manor of Bristoldestone, 
also formerly a part of the possessions of Harold, and rated in 
his time at ten hydes. In Wallingford they had three hagse 
or shops ; and five hydes of land in Craumaries, which also 
had belonged to Harold ; onehyde at Atahow ; and one at Hersa 
in Essex. To these Domesday adds the three following 
churches, with the quantity of land attached to each ; viz., 
the church of Reading in Berkshire, with eight hydes ; the 
church of Colintune in Devonshire, with one hyde; and 
the church of St. Olave in Exeter, with seven hydes. 

The Abbot and monks also possessed seven Burgesses in 
the town of Lewes. 

In 1310, John de Whatlington, Abbot of Battel, gave to- 
ward the expenses of the war in Scotland one hundred marcs, 
which he directed to be expended in the purchase of victuals, 
and ten marcs in aid of carriage.^ 

In 1158, Abbot Walter de Lucy attached a Hospital to this 
Abbey, in which pilgrims were received and entertained, on 
which account it is sometimes described as " the House of the 
Pilgrims," and the poor and needy were relieved in sickness. 
Upon such as were afflicted with leprosy in it he himself often 
attended, nursing them with a watchful and unwearied care; 
and administering to their wants, both spiritual and temporal. 
This Hospital appears not to have formed a part of the Abbey 
buildings, but to have stood somewhere in that part of the 
town which was adjacent to the Abbey gateway; possibly 
just without the walls of the Abbey grounds. In one of the 
Abbey deeds, land called Capernore in Battel, is described 
as '' situate in the street leading from the Hospital in Battel 
towards Telleham on the south ; the lauds of Thomas Staple 
towards the north ; and of the Almery of Battel towards the 
east." And two acres of the lands of the Abbey, called 
Herste, are stated to lie on the other side of the road, by the 

** Buasex ArobsBological ColleotionB, vol, iv., p. 115. 

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BATTEL ABBEY. 29 

orchard adjacent to the Hospital, and near to these were two 
acres of land, where the vestments of the monks were 
washed. 

The Ahbot and monks also possessed an Infirmary in 
Battel. Thirty-seven acres of land belonging to the Abbey 
are described as lying between the Infirmary and Capernore; 
and as extending from Bodehurst and Hechilande as far as 
the land of Telleham; and thirty-one acres in Sandlacke, 
called Dune, are represented as reaching as far as the Infir- 
mary. 

Among the properties demised by the Abbot and monks 
was the Dairy of the Abbey, from which we are enabled to 
form some notion of what it consisted at the commencement 
of the sixteenth century. It is described as situated at East 
Kingsnoth ; and included in the demise were fourteen cows 
and one bull, which are stated to appertain to the same 
Dairy, with the houses and lands called Barnes-croft, the Cow- 
lese, Pyxside, Castylmerle, Lawdeans, Baldwyns-brokys, the 
Fleyden, and sixteen acres of meadow in Stakinmede, and 
pasturage in Fryth-wode, &c. These were demised to Thomas 
Assheherste and Simon Tewsnoth for a term of eight years, 
commencing Sept. 20th, 1502. 

Sir John Pelham, Knight, Lord of the Rape of Hastings, 
gave, in 1427, to Thomas Ludlow, Abbot, and the Convent 
of Battel, for the salvation of his own soul and the souls of 
Sir John Pelham, Knight, his father, and of all his ancestors, 
all his lands, tenements, and rents, within the Rape of 
Hastings. And that powerful West-Sussex Baron, William 
de Braose, was also a benefactor to the Abbey. Besides 
three messuages in the Borough of Bramber, where his castle 
was situated, and three others, with one hyde of land in 
Shoreham, to be held by the Monks freely and without mo- 
lestation, he also gave to them 400 bushels of salt and ten 
casks of wine*^ annually, which he received from the Abbey 
of Fescamp, in Normandy, as a consideration for land which 
that Abbey held of him at Warminghurst, near Storrington ; 
and Ralph, another Knight, 400 bushels more; and Osborn, 
who is described as residing near the Abbey, gave to the same 
monks, for the salvation of his own soul and of the souls of 

*•" Decern modii vinl." 

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30 BATTEL ABBEY. 

his ancestors, two salt-pits, and land near to the sea at Rye 
for another, if they were disposed to make it. This Osborn 
had previously given to the Abbey thirty acres of well- 
irrigated meadow land, in his manor of Bodiham, free of all 
challenge, exaction, and charge; being induced to do so, the 
deed states, by the great dryness of the soil around the Abbey. 
This land was watered by the Rother. Anselm de Frael- 
villa, from a similar pious motive, gave to the same Abbey 
land, the position of which is not stated, for the purpose of 
enabling them to add to their number of salt-pits; and 
Reginald de Eshburaham, in pure and perpetual alms, lands 
in Hoo-marsh, with two salt-works. The Abbot and monks 
had other salt-pits on the Sussex coast, at which, in 
the course of the year, a considerable quantity of salt was 
manufactured. 

The Abbot's Townhouse, or, as it was usually called, Inn, 
was in St. Olave's-street, opposite to the Church of St. 
Olave's, Southwark. The district in Southwark called 
Battlebridge, formerly " Battailbrigg," ^ is supposed to 
have derived its designation from this circumstance : Stowe, 
speaking, in his " Survey of London," of this Inn, or London 
residence of the Abbot (which in his time was a common 
hostelry for travellers, and bore the sign of " The Walnut 
Tree,"), says that it was situated " between the Bridge-house 
and Battlebridge, on the banks of the River Thames." **The 
walks and gardens," he continues, " appertaining to it, were 
on the opposite side of the way. The gate of the said house 
was formerly called the Maze, but now the Fleur-de-lys. 
Battlebridge is so called on account of its standing on the 
ground, and over a watercourse flowing out of the Thames, 
belonging to that Abbey." This bridge was built and re- 
paired by the Abbots of Battel: it being close to the 
Abbot's lodgings.** 

Among the Abbey possessions, held in and about London, 
was a mill, in Southwark. ^^ Abbas de Bello habet unum 

^ See Suss. Arch. GoU., yoI. i., p. 1C8. Gnge Rokewood in the same work. vol. 

'■ Aaaocountof the AbborsreBidenoe xxiii., p. 299, was not the Inn of the 

in Southwark, is given by Mr. 0. E. Gwilt, Prior of Lewes, but probably a mansion 

in the Aroheeologia, vol. xxv., p. 604. The house of the Earla of Warren and Surrey. 
Norman atone building, described by Mr. 

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BATTEL ABBEY, 31 

molendinum in Suthwerk, quod taxatur ad £3 6s. 8d." In 
1363, John Vinour, of South wark, gave to the Abbot and 
monks of Battel a chamber, situated in the Abbot's garden, 
and called " Le Stywarde's Chamber." It is described as 
annexed to that of the same Abbot and Convent. The Abbot 
had also an Inn at Winchester. 

It is somewhat singular that, large as the annual revenues 
of this House were, its disbursements, so far as they are dis- 
coverable by us from various printed rolls of accounts, inva- 
riably exceeded their receipts. In these yearly statements of 
receipts and expenditure, both sides are not always given. 
Sometimes the sum total of receipts is given without that of 
the expenditure ; at other times the sum total of expenditure 
is stated without that of the receipts. For instance, the 
earliest of these rolls that I have met with gives £625 9s. 1 <^d. 
as the total amount of the disbursements for the mainte- 
nance of the household for the year : what year is not men- 
tioned ; but it was probably towards the close of the thirteenth 
century. The receipts for the same year are not stated. It 
concludes, however, with the remark, that this expenditure 
exceeded that of the preceding year by £11 18s. Id. In 
1370, the expenditure is called £404 4s. lOd.; and in 1372, 
£389 16s. 5d.; but no sum for receipts is, in either case, 
given. In 1383, the receipts amounted to the extraordinary 
sum of £1244 3s. 6d. ; but no sum is given for the amount 
of expenditure. In the following schedule, however, the sum 
total both of receipts and disbursements are clearly shown at 
diflFerent periods for about a quarter of a century : 





£ B. d. 




£ g. d. 


1387-Roceived... 


...236 7 6 


Expended... 


... 265 U 6 


1389 


310 4 3 


n 


331 19 5 


1390 


802 13 2 


If 


305 12 9 


1393 


272 18 7 


» 


277 9 11 


li02 


271 8 5 


19 


301 5 3 


HIO 


283 5 5 


n 


288 11 



The management of everything connected with the supply 
of meat and drink for the Convent was vested in the Cellarer. 
He had the sole charge of the cellar, the kitchen, and the re- 
fectory. Looking, then, to his accounts, we find, in the year 

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32 BATTEL ABBEir. 

1386, besides moneys expended in "sackcloth, shoules, and 
mattokkes," the following items of provision supplied : fish, 
bought in London, eels, stockfish, and salmon, both red and 
white; and, not unmindful of the declaration of the founder 
in adhering to the site which he himself had selected for the 
Abbey, a considerable quantity of wine — two pipes having 
been bought that year at Canterbury, and one in London, 
Besides the fish mentioned above, the Abbot and monks had 
a liberal supply of fresh water fish from their own stew- 
ponds, which are frequently alluded to. They had also ex- 
tensive vineyards in Battel; and, in 1366, the receipt of 
moneys from 'Hhe Wyneyarde of the Rectory of Hawk- 
herste," occurs as an item.** 

In the deeds of this Abbey, reference is made to three 
parks belonging to it, which were severally called '*the 
greater," "the middle," and "the lesser" parks. The Abbot's 
park, too, called "the Pleshet,"*' is several times alluded 
to in the same Abbey deeds; but this might have been 
another name only for one of the three I have just men- 
tioned. A portion of " the greater park," if not the whole 
of it, was possibly so called, as some of the houses in Battel 
are described as being near to the Plesset. One in Middle- 
burgh is said to extend from the King's highway to the park 
of the Lord Abbot of Battel, called the Pleshet; and I have 
before alluded to land in Battel given to the Abbot and Con- 
vent, which is said to extend from the Plesset to the street 
of the mill, which led to Robertsbridge. These all imply 
the Plesset to have been near to the Town and Abbey. 

"The greater" park, which, probably, was that in which 
the Abbey stood, was of very considerable extent, and " the 
middle" and " lesser" parks were adjoining enclosures, which 
had been fenced oflf from " the greater" for the convenience 
of pasturage. The three together might have been co- 

** Vineyards were oommon in this diotine Monks, of the Priory of St. An- 

country at this early period. Almost drew, in the same city, had also within 

every convent appears to have possessed their enclosure a large plantation of 

one or more. The Bishop of Roches- vines, which is called to liiis day " The 

ter's vineyard, at Rochester, was very Vinesfield." 

extensive, and produced, Somner states, '* From the Norman-French Ple$$eiz, 

great quantities of grapes, of which was a park. For the etymon of this word, 

made excellent wines: and the Bene- 6ee ^'Plessetts," in Lower's Patronymica. 



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BATTEL ABBEY. 33 

extensive with the Leuga. Few of the noble trees, which 
once graced and dignified these parks, now remain; the 
greater part having been cut and carried away some years 
ago. 

These parks appear to have been disparked about the 
middle of the seventeenth century; as land amounting to 
nearly three hundred acres, situated in the parishes of Battel, 
Cattesfeld, and Penherst, were leased by Francis Viscount 
Montague, in the year 1651, to John Atkins, of Brightling, 
yeoman, and are described in the lease, as *' part only of the 
* great park' of Battel Abbey, lately disparked." 

Several Royal visits were made to this Abbey. Rufus' 
visit to it, on the day of its dedication in 1095, I have al- 
ready alluded to. King John visited it at several different 
times. He was here in 1200, when he gave to the Church 
a small piece of our Lord's Sepulchre, which his brother 
Richard had brought, with other relics, from the Holy Land. 
In 1206 he was again at Battel, when he offered, upon the 
same altar, " a fair vestment, or casula." He paid a third 
visit to the Abbey in 1212; and a fourth on 26th April, 
1213, on his way from Lewes to Rye.** Of the visit of Ed- 
ward IL, in August, 1324, we have notices, by Mr. Blaauw, 
in the sixth Vol. of our Collections, p. 44. Henry III. was 
at Battel Abbey, both before and after the Battle of Lewes. 
On his way to Lewes with his army, he levied large con- 
tributions on the Abbot and Convent. So merciless was 
his spoliation of their goods upon that memorable occasion, 
that a contemporary poet thus describes it : 

** Namqne Monasterium quod Bellum yocatur, 
Turba sseyientium, quas nuno oonturbatur, 
Immiaerioorditer bonU spoliarit" ^ 

The Abbot and monks' independence of the Bishops of 
Chichester, and their exemption from all ecclesiastical juris- 
diction, granted to them by an early deed of the founder, 
led, as it might be expected to do, to serious disputes be- 

** Saasex Archfoologioal CoUeotionB, *« Wright's Political Songs, published 

vol. ii., pp. 134, et seq.: Lower's Battel by the Camden Society, from HarU 
Abbey Chronicle, p. 199. MS., 978. 

XVII. F 



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34 BATTEL ABBET. 

tween these Prelates and some of the earlier Abbots, which 
could only be settled by the interposition of the Crown. A 
narrative of one of these dissensions, which occurred in the 
year 1148, between Hilary, Bishop of Chichester, and Abbot 
Walter de Lucy, and which was carried on for some time 
with considerable rancour on both sides, and at last decided 
in favour of the Abbot by a reference to King Stephen, 
occupies many pages of the Abbey Chronicle. In 1157 
they were again renewed, when a Synod was held at Chi- 
chester, and the Crown again appealed to; the result of 
which was another decision in favour of the Abbey, and a 
cessation for a time,^ of all further attempts on the part of 
the Bishops of the Diocese to obtain jurisdiction over it. So 
jealous, indeed, was the founder of any approach towards 
Episcopal interference with the affairs of the House, that the 
Abbots were even restricted by him from exercising hospi- 
tality of any kind, either towards the Primate or the Diocesan; 
nor could the Diocesan hold ordinations in the Abbey 
Church, or in any of the Churches within the Abbey manors, 
without first obtaining the Abbot's permission to do so. All 
their Churches were to be as free from Ecclesiastical juris- 
diction as any of the Eoyal Chapels belonging to the 
founder.^ 

The Incumbent of Battel is usually styled the Dean; why, 
it would now be rather diflScult to say, the Church never 
having been considered as Collegiate ; nor are we very accu- 
rately informed at what period the title commenced. This 
Dean claims and exercises the same exemptions as those ac- 
corded to the Abbey Church. Horsfield states^. that he is 
privileged to hold his own visitations of the Clergy within 
the Deanery. He had also a 'Court for the probate of wills, 
&c., and for the transaction of other Ecclesiastical business 
occurring within the same district. These rights were exer- 
cised by the Abbot himself until the dissolution; and then 
passed to the Dean : for the earliest register of wills preserved 
in the Battel Registry is, Mr. W, D. Cooper tells us,*^ of the 
date 1531 ; but before the establishment of the general Court 

*" Wilkin*8 Ck)nci1ia., Tom., ii., p. 52. ^* Sussex Archaeological CollectionB, 

" Lansdowne MS., No. 82, fol. 49. vol vi., p, 63. 



*• History of Sussex, vol. i., p. 630. 



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BATTEL ABBEY. 35 

at London, the probate and administration business had fallen 
off, and suits had ceased. 

With regard to the origin of the title, " Dean of Battel,*' 
it appears to have been conventual. Hughes,*^ in speaking 
of the four kinds of Deans to be met with in our Ecclesiastical 
Establishment, refers to the Dean of Battel, in Sussex, as one 
of them — a Dean, that is, without a Chapter; which oflSce, 
he says, was established by William the First, commonly 
called the Conqueror. This oflBice, he adds, is presentative, 
and the Dean has a cure of souls, and a spiritual jurisdiction 
within the liberty of the district to which he is appointed, 
which, in the instance before us, is the Liberty of Battel. 

The office of Dean, then, is as old as the foundation of the 
Abbey itself. Kennett,** in treating of the origin of the in- 
stitution and of the duties of these dignitaries, considers that 
they bear so strong a resemblance and relation to the methods 
and forms of civil government which obtained in the early 
ages of the history of this country, that the one must have 
given rise to the other. For, as in this Kingdom, he argues, 
for the better preservation of the peace, and more easy 
administration of justice, every hundred consisted of ten dis- 
tricts called Tithings; every Tithing of ten friborghs, or free 
pledges; and every free or frank-pledge of ten families; and 
in every such Tithing there was a Justice or Civil Dean 
appointed for the subordinate administration of justice ; so 
the like office of Dean began very early in the greater 
Monasteries, Especially in those of the Benedictine Order. 
The inmates of these Convents were divided into deaneries, 
or sets of ten, of whom one was chosen Dean, whose duty it 
was to preside over and keep peace among the other nine. 
His office of Dean was no sinecure: for it was, Kennett 
tells us, his duty to keep an account of all the manual 
operations of those under his charge ; and to suffer none to 
leave their station, or to omit their particular duty without 
his express leave. He was also obliged to visit their cells, 
or dormitories, every night; to attend them at their meals, 
to see that order was kept and decorum observed at the table; 
and to guide their consciences, direct their studies, and regu- 
late their conversations. For the purpose of taking cogni- 

^ Chapter 11. *^ Paroohial AntiquitieB, pp. 603-i. 

2 F 

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36 BATTEL ABBEY. 

zance of their irregular practices, frequent Conventual 
Chapters were held, and lesser penances imposed ; but not 
until the proceedings of the Chapters had been submitted to, 
and the penances decreed sanctioned, by the Abbot or Prior, 
as the case might be, to whom the Deans were amenable for 
the due discharge of the duties of their oflSce. In the larger 
Monasteries, where the number of monks amounted to several 
deaneries, and there must necessarily have been many Deans, 
the senior Dean had a special pre-eminence amongst and 
supervision over the rest. 

The origin, then, of the title of Dean of Battel is thus 
satisfactorily accounted for; and as he was — as we shall 
presently see— sworn to pay over to the Monastery all 
emoluments from " causes or matters" before him, it is clear 
that he was the person who presided in the Local Spiritual 
Court; and as he was the Incumbent of the Parish Church, 
it is certain that as such he continued to exercise the rights 
of the Deanery when the Abbey itself had been dissolved. 
That the Chaplain of the Chapel of St. Mary, which is sup- 
posed to have been the precursor of the Parish Church, was 
called Dean as early as the year 1250, is clearly shown by a 
deed of that date among the Battel Abbey Charters, and 
which is headed " Professio Decani de Bello." The deed re- 
cords the fact of Ricardus, " Decanus Capellae Sanctae Mariae 
de Bello," having taken the oath doubtless customarily im- 
posed upon such Deans upon their appointment to the in- 
cumbency of this Chapel, that they will observe canonical 
obedience and fealty to the Abbot and Convent; that they 
will submit to all their rules and regulations ; and diligently 
and faithfully abide by the composition made between the 
Church of Chichester and the Chapel of St. Mary "in 
omnibus articulis." And he further engages to pay over to 
the same Abbot and Convent fully and entirely all the 
emoluments arising from any causes or matters that may 
come before him by virtue of his office, and which may be 
their due. This oath, the deed states, was administered to 
him in the Abbey Chapter-House, before Abbot Walter 
and the Convent, in Chapter assembled, and in the presence 
of Walter de Dicton, Clerk. From this memorandum, then, 
we are led to infer that the Chaplaincy of the Chapel of St, 

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BATTEL ABBEY. 37 

Mary de Bello was not an independent oflBce, but was pro- 
bably filled at the date of the transaction here recorded by a 
Chaplain of the Abbey. But whether he became Dean by 
virtue of this appointment, or whether he held the office of 
one of the Deans of the Abbey previously, and so carried the 
title with him to the Chapel, is not very clearly shown, as 
he is called " Dean of the Chapel of St. Mary." I incline to 
the opinion that he became Dean by virtue of his Chaplaincy. 
But though the Incumbent of Battel is usually called Dean, 
he is sometimes designated Rector, as is the case in a deed, 
dated 1304, in which a messuage in Battel is described as 
situated between King Street and the flower-garden of the 
Kector of the Church. 

The Dean, upon his appointment, received institution and 
induction from the Abbot, and also a licence to enter on 
the cure of souls." He is frequently mentioned as dependent 
on the Abbey in the Battel Abbey Charters. Six closes of 
land, measuring about two acres each close, adjoining " the 
Little Park," are represented as the Deanery lands. The 
exemption of the Dean from Episcopal jurisdiction is fully 
set forth in the same Charters. 

The Parish Church, which was independent of the Church 
of the Abbey, is dedicated to St. Mary, and has two side 
aisles ; that on the south side having the Altar dedicated to 
this saint, and that on the north, the Altar of St. Catherine, 
whose image, in stained glass, still remains in the window. 
A document among the Burghley papers in the British 
Museum, in alluding to the independence of Episcopal au- 
thority enjoyed by the residents within the Deanery of 
Battel and its effects states — " that the jurisdiction of this 
district is in the Deane ;" and that it is " wholly exempt from 
the Bishop's Visitation," and is " altogether neglected by 
him, so that they do what they list." 

Receipts of money for apples and pears sold in consider- 
able quantities are items of not unusual occurrence in the 
Treasurer's Rolls of Abbey accounts; from whence we may 
infer the Abbey orchards to have been extensive. Three are 
distinctly mentioned in the Abbey records, one as adjoining 
the Abbey to the south ; another near the house called the 

** Sir William Baireirs MSS., Brit Mueeum, Donat, 5679, p. 67. 

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38 BATTEL ABBEY. 

Hospital ; and the third by the Chapel of St. Mary on the 
north side of the Abbot's and monk's garden. A garden in 
Sandlake, Battel, is described as adjacent to the Convent 
Perrygarden. Nineteen acres of land near to the Abbey, and 
the property of .the Abbot and monks, are represented as 
planted with cherry-trees, and called " the Cherry-gardens." 
The pomarium, too, of the House is frequently alluded to in 
the Abbey documents. 

The privileges and immunities enjoyed by this House by 
grant from the Founder were very great. Among them we 
find the power of holding their own courts, and of transact- 
ing their own business in all matters connected with the 
Abbey, and the property with which it was endowed.** Within 
the limits of the home territory of the House the Abbot 
and monks were supreme. The Abbot was held to be 
" Judex et Dominus," no other person having any authority 
or control in the settlement of anything arising out of it. 
" Sitque Abbas," are the words of the Charter, " suae eccle- 
sisB, et Leugsd circumjacentis, Judex et Dominus." The 
Abbey Church was freed from every kind of territorial ex- 
action and earthly servitude which the human mind could 
suggest. "Ecclesia S** Martini de Bello" (ecclesia must 
here be taken as comprehending the whole of the Abbey), 
" libera sit et quieta ab omni servitute, et omnibus, quflecun- 
que mens humana cogitare potest." AH treasure-trove be- 
longed to them that might arise on their own lands, as well 
as the right of free warren within the Leuga, and over all 
their lands, wherever they might be situated within any of 
their manors ; and all lands bestowed upon the Abbot and 
monks at any time by private persons were to have the same 
privileges and immunities as the lands bestowed upon them 
by the King himself The Abbot and monks, and their ten- 
ants, possessed in common the same exemption from the pay- 
ment of tolls in any market they might attend throughout 
the kingdom, as the Eing's-men of Hastings. From an early 
period the Convent enjoyed the privilege of holding a market 
at Battel every Lord's day throughout the year, and for so 
doing they were declared to be responsible to none but God, 

^ For the costoms of this manor as enrolled in 1772 see Suss: Arch: GoU: 

voL vi, p. 60, 

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BATTEL ABBEY. 39 

and the attendants at the market were to be amenable to the 
Abbot and monks only. The discontinuance of this market 
on a Sunday took place in 1566/ A general act had passed, 
the 27th of Henry VI. (1449), prohibiting fairs and markets 
from being held on Sundays and on certain festivals therein 
named, except for the sale of necessary victuals, and during 
the harvest season: but on the 3rd December, 1566 (9th 
Elizabeth), a private bill was introduced into the House of 
Commons, and engrossed on the 21st, for changing the market 
of Battel from Sunday till Thursday. 

A market and fair were granted to the Abbot and monks 
by Henry III., at Hawkherste, in Kent. 

When travelling the Abbot and monks had the free use of all 
the roads passing through the King's lands, and more especially 
the way leading from Battel to Hastings; and of all 
other ways around Hastings and Battel. They had also the 
farther privilege of taking venison for the use of the Abbey 
as it was wanted, from any of the lands in the Rape of Has- 
tings, and generally throughout the forest district of Sussex 
when passing through ; and of capturing, by means of dogs or 
in any other way more convenient to them, for the use of them- 
selves and their attendants, any kind of wild animals that 
might chance to come in their way, without let or molesta- 
tion from the forest officers ; nor could any claim to compen- 
sation be made for damage sustained to the King's fences while 
the monks were so engaged; nor had any of the crown 
officers the power of entering for any purpose the woods of 
the Abbot and monks that were situated within the limits of 
the same forest. The tenants of the Earl of Eu, when 
called upon to do so by the Abbot and monks, were 
bound to find a car for the King's use in any journey he 
might take through the Earl's lands for the purpose of visit- 
ing the Abbey, or to answer to the King for their refusal. 
They had also the power of taking from the Earl's woods as 
much wood for fuel as they might need, and as much timber 
as they might require for the reparation of the Abbey build- 
ings ; and lor every three hogs turned out by the King in his 
woods of Botfielde or Beckle-parioc for pannage, the Abbot 
and monks were entitled to turn out one ; and where the 
pannage was let to others, of the money thus received they 

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40 BATTEL ABBEY. 

might claim a fourth part; for every three oaks felled by 
the King in the same woods they had the power of felling one 
for the use of the Abbey; and from the profits of the lands 
belonging to these woods they were entitled to receive the 
fourth penny, and twenty -five eggs at Easter. Whenever any 
of the ships of the tenants of the Abbey were driven by the 
violence of the wind or the raging of the sea to land their 
crew or cargo, or any portion of either, on any part of the 
coast belonging to the Abbey, they and their cargo so landed 
were to be free from all molestation. The Abbot and monks 
also received from their founder the same maritime rights and 
privileges as he himself possessed ; viz , all wrecks cast on 
shore, and all sturgeons taken within the limits of the manor 
of Dengemaries, on the Kentish Coast; and two thirds, with 
the tongues,** of all such fish caught between Blathway and 
Withburne. In the time of Henry III., a lease was granted 
by the Abbot and monks to Richard de S* Leger of all wrecks 
that might take place, and of all whales and sturgeons that 
might be cast on shore between the port of Winchelsea and 
Hamelewedford, and from Hamelewedford to Wanesmere. 
Henry also appointed for the daily use of the Abbot and monks 
a kind of bread called Simnel -bread, that is, made of the very 
finest wheat flour, and such as, at that period, was only 
found at the royal table. Of this, each of the monks was 
to have thirty-six ounces daily, except during the season 
of Lent, when, for charitable purposes, one-fourth more was 
allowed. This privilege is stated to have been granted to 
the Abbot and monks of this house as '^ a memorial of his 
love for them." He also granted to them the further privi- 
lege of electing, in case of vacancy, a member of their own 
estublishment as Abbot. But, as this could only be done 
with the consent of the reigning Sovereign, they were seldom 
able to exercise it. The Abbots were for the most part ap- 
pointed by the King from other religious houses, without the 
Battel Abbey monks having any voice in the matter. 

The Abbots of this House had their separate privileges. 
Besides sitting in parliament as Spiritual Lords, they tried all 
those accused of minor offences committed within the Leuga, 

** The tongue of the stai^geon was deemed a great dainty, and was often 

served up at the Boyal Table. 

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BATTEL ABBEY. 41 

and punished such as were foand guilty; and the Abbot had 
the power, whether summoned to do so or not, of attending 
and giving evidence in any cause or matter, in which his own 
affairs, or the affairs of the Abbey, were at all implicated. 
Next to the King's, the Abbot's authority was paramount 
within his own extensive domain. His ecclesiastical jurisdic- 
tion included the rights of visitation of all the churches in 
the patronage of the Abbey ; and, as we have seen, of holding 
Courts in as ample a manner as the bishop himself 
could do. He could not be compelled to attend 
Episcopal synods. The coroner for the Liberty of 
Battel was appointed by him up to the time of the 
dissolution, and the right of appointment, Parry tells us, 
has since been exercised by the Lord of the Manor of Battel, 
at his Court Leet; and that the coroner so appointed was 
usually styled the Abbot. The residents within the Leuga 
acknowledged no other authority than his. No one dwell- 
ing within the precincts of the Abbey, or any of its posses- 
sions, could implead, or hunt, or exercise any business or 
calling without his special permission ; and all waifs, or 
strays, or things found upon the Abbey lands by chance, 
were held to be his, and he could not be again dispossessed of 
them. Whenever the Abbot was summoned to Court at 
either of the three great festivals of Easter, Whit-Sunday, or 
Christmas- day, he was entitled to claim for himself and two 
monks in attendance upon him, two loaves made of fine 
flour and a sextary ** of wine, at the expense of the King, 
and the same at the expense of the public ; together with 
three dishes of fish, or whatever else might be provided for 
the use of the Court; and two whole, and ten pieces of wax 
candles; and whenever the Abbot visited any of the churches 
in the patronage of the Abbey, which he was in the habit of 
doing once in every year, each incumbent, besides the pension 
which he paid, was obliged to receive him into his house, and 
to entertain him and his suite for two days. At the death 
of an Abbot, the administration of the amiirs of the Abbey, 
and the custody of all its goods, were vested in the Prior and 
monks until a successor was appointed. For this privilege the 
Abbey paid to King John the sum of 500 mar^. But the 

** A sextary was an anoient meaBare, containiag abont a pint and a halt 
XVII. G 

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42 BATTEL ABBBT. 

most extraordinary of the privileges possessed by the Abbots 
of Battel, was that of pardoning any condemned criminal they 
might meet with when on a journey in any part of the king- 
dom, and setting him free, even though he might be on the 
way to execution. An instance of the exercise of this 
prerogative is recorded in the Chronicle of Evesham. It is 
there stated, that the Abbot of Battel (which must have been 
either Kobert de Bello, or his successor, Hamo de Offington, 
but probably the former), while on his way to London, in the 
year 1364, met a felon condemned to be hung, within the 
liberty of the King's Marshalsea, possibly near to his town 
residence, and liberated him from the penalty of death. At 
this act of the Abbot, the King, Edward III, and some of his 
nobles, took great exception, but upon plea, the Charter 
giving this power to the Abbot was produced, and the right 
confirmed. Other peculiar privileges enjoyed by the Abbot 
and monks of the Abbey will be found in Mr. W. D. 
Cooper's account of the Liberties and Franchises of Hastings.*^ 

The rights of the Abbot and monks were, as might be ex- 
pected to be the case, sometimes disputed, if not positively 
transgressed. Passive obedience was not at all times likely 
to be yielded to the arbitrary power which they claimed to 
possess. And hence it is, that among the Battel Abbey 
Charters there are many rolls of proceedings taken at diflferent 
times against parties rebelling against any of such rights and 
privileges. In Hilary term anno 1368, proceedings were com- 
pelled to be taken by the Lord Abbot against William de 
Echingham, to enforce the performance of a claim for services 
in the Manor of Whatlington, which were due to the Abbey, 
by grant, from John Plantagenet, surnamed of Gaunt, Duke 
of Lancaster, to whom they had previously belonged. 

During the time that Gausfrid was Gustos of the House, 
many attempts were made to subjugate it to the rule 
and governance of the Norman Abbey of Marmoutier, of 
which, previous to his appointment to the custody of this 
House, pending the appointment of an Abbot, he hud been a 
monk, but without success. Though his endeavours were, 
to some extent, favoured by Henry L, it remained a free and 
independent Abbey to the period of its dissolution. 

*^ Sossex Archaeological Collections, yoL vi., p. 57. 

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BATTSL ABBEY. 43 

Carious and interesting as are the contents of many of the 
Charters of this Abbey, and tending, as they are calculated 
to do, to throw light on its history at different periods of its 
existence, and to reveal to us the habit and manners of 
monastic life, as they were displayed in the larger Religious 
Houses, it is impossible for me to give them here. Were I 
to do so, they would swell my paper to the size of one of the 
many folio volumes in which, I have already said, these 
Charters are now bound up. 

One or two of them, however, may be noticed. The first 
has reference to the obnoxious, but, at the time, tolerated, 
mode of disposing of the occupier of land, together with his 
family and goods, with the land he occupied. It states that 
Robert de Summery gave to Michael de Beche, Gerald de 
Sutheton, with all lus goods, and the fiill liberty to dispose 
of his body as he liked ; together with the land which the 
same Gerald held of Simon de Warner, his elder brother. 
Two other deeds give us instances of property acquired 
by exchange, for the annual payment, during the life of the 
donor or donors, of a stipulated quantity of land produce. 
They are as follow : — Pa via, relict of Elye de Bernehorne, 
quit-claimed to the Abbot and monks of Battel, all her right 
by way of dower, to the land held by her late husband of 
them, upon their covenanting to give her, so long as she 
lived, 3i seams*^ of corn in the ear; 1 load of hay; 1 load of 
broom; 1 load of rough faggots; and pasture on their land 
for 1 cow. Hamo, the son of Elie de Dune, of Bernehorne, 
quit-claimed to the same Abbot and monks, the tenement with 
its appurtenances, which Elye, his father, held in Battel, 
they engaging to give him in return, annually, so long as he 
lived, 1 seam of wheat; 1 ditto of barley; 1 ditto of marsh 
oats (A vena marisci) ; and half a seam of rye. An agree- 
ment of a similar kind was made between the Abbot and 
Monks and Samfred de Summery to the following effect : — 
in consideration of this Robert giving up to them the whole 
of the land which he held in Bernehorne, in the hundred of 
Nivenefeld, called Key worth, "legrene andlafelde," with all 
its appurtenances, in demesne, men, &c., they engaged to 
find him and his wife lodgings in the vill of Battel, with a 
*'' A seam of oorn is eight buahel8» which was supposed to be a hone load. 

o 2 

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44 BATTEL ABBEY. 

reasonable quantity of fuel; and each month half a seam of 
wheat, and half a seam of barley and oats mixed in equal 
quantities; and each year one seam of beans, a cow in full 
milk, a pig from the sow at the time of weaning, and twenty 
shillings in money: and should the wife survive her hus- 
band, a third part of this quantity was to be paid to her 
for the remainder of her life. These deeds are without date. 
In the year 1300, Gilbert, Bishop of Chichester, paid one 
hundred marks to John de Taneto, Abbot, and the monks, 
for the purpose of obtaining corrody in the Abbey for Alan 
de Melton, his Chamberlain, when business took him into 
the neighbourhood of Battel. For this sum he was to receive 
every day, for the term of his life, two simnels (this is 
explained above) of the larger weight; a gallon and a 
half of Convent beer ; a dish and a half of flesh or fish, which- 
ever might be provided for the monks in the hall ; a decent 
chamber within the walls of the Monastery ; sufficient litter 
for his chamber; wood for his fire; and hay for his horse; 
and, once in a year, a furred robe of the same kind of cloth 
as tiie esquires of the Abbey were accustomed to wear. His 
attendant was to have two black loaves; a gallon of beer; 
and his other food the same as the servants of the House. 
And this provision he was to receive whether he was present 
at or absent from the House, with the exception of the hay, 
litter, and wood. 

The following list of the Abbots of Battel is supposed to be 
complete. It is taken, for the most part, from Mr. M. A. 
Lower's Battel Abbey Chronicle, a few additions only 
having been made to the biographical notices — 

BOBEBT Blancabd, Monk of Marmoutier, was appointed Abbot in 1076, and 
drowned in returning to this country from Normandy, where he had been for the 
purpose of having his appointment confirmed, the same year. A similar misfortune 
bef el the first Prior of Bozgrove. 

2. — Gaubbert, also a Monk of Marmoutier, was elected in 1076. He died in 
1095, and was buried in the Abbey Church before the Rood. As Robert Blancard, 
though elected and confirmed, never entered on the presidential office, (htusbert ia 
usually called the first Abbot 

8.— -Hknbt, Prior of St. Augustine's, Canterbury, was elected hi 1096 ; and is 
stated, among other improvements, to have been the first to introduce instrumental, 
music into the choir service of the Abbey church. He died in 1102, and was buried 
in the Chapter House of the Abbey, before the seat of the President. After his death 

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BATTEL ABBEY. 45 

(he alFain of the Abbejr were committed for a short time to the care of one of the 
KiDg*8 chaplains, named Vivian, who, finding the House in a very disorderly and 
desolate state, and himself not courteously welcomed by the monks, contrived by his 
sagacity, prudence, and habits of business, to remain until Gausfrid, a monk of 
Garileff, was appointed Gustos ; who, during the three years he had the manage- 
ment of the affairs of the House was able to restore it to its former greatness. He 
died in 1107, and was buried in the Abbey Chapter House by the side of Abbot Henry, 
after which 

4. — Ralfh, formerly a Monk of Caen, but at the time of his appointment Prior 
of the Priory of Rochester, was elected. He died in 1124, and was buried in the 
north transept of the Abbey Church, before the altar of the Twelve Apostles. More 
than sixty years of the life of this pious Abbot were passed in different monasteries as 
a monk. Under his able management the Abbey attained to so flourishing a state, 
that it was considered to be second to none in the kingdom for hospitality, piety, 
and charity. 

6.^Wabner, a Monk of St Augustine*8, Canterbury, was the next Abbot He is 
stated to have been a man of great modesty, ability, and learning, and to have 
written many excellent books. He was installed in 1124 ; and by the advice of his 
influential friends, among whom was the Pope's Legate, he resigned the Abbacy in 
1138, having brought himself into disrepute with King Stephen by espousing 
the cause of Maud against his usurpation. He is stated in one of the Abbey 
Charters to have been, previous to his appointment, '* Monachus de Lumlegio trans- 
marino.** Upon his resignation, be retired to the Priory of St Pancras, Lewes, 
where he continued to reside until his death. 

6. — ^Walteb, brother of Bicbard de Lucy, one of the most powerful barons in 
the kingdom in his days, was elected in 1139. He died in 1171, and was buried in 
the Abbey Church before the larger crucifix, and the altar dedicated to the cross of 
the crucifix, June 22nd. 

7. — Odo, Prior of St. Augustine's, Canterbury, was elected in 1175, and conse- 
crated by itxe archbishop of that province in the Collegiate Church of Mailing, near 
Lewes, tiie same year. He died in 1200, and was buried in the ^bbey Church. 
Leland, ** in speaking of his interment, states that he was buried in the lower part of 
this church ; and that the tomb placed over him*was constructed of black or Lydian 
marble. 

8. — JoHK DB DUYBA, or of Dovor, was also a monk of St Augustine's, Canter- 
bury. He was elected Abbot in 1200, and died in 1218. 

9. — Hugh, the next Abbot, was elected Bishop of Carlisle in 1218, and died, 
according to Willis, abroad in 1223. He must have held the Abbacy only for a 
short time, as Wm. de Brewere had the custody of the temporalities committed to him 
on SOth Jan., 1214. Jlct. LU. CL The writ for the election of the successor to 
Hugh, is dated 16th January, 1215. Jhid. 

10. — Richard, Almoner of the Abbey, was thereupon elected to the Abbacy, 
and on 22 Jan. the Precentor and two other monks applied to John (then at Knepp 
Castle) for, and obtained his approval, of their election of Richard. Mot. LU. ^., 
and Suu. Arch. ChlL, ii., p. 136. He died in 1235. 

11. — Ralph db Coybmtrt, Cellarer of the Abbey, was elected, and his election 
confirmed in 1235. Whether he vacated by death or resignation is not known. 

12. — Rboinald, Prior of Brecknock, was elected in 1261, and died at an advanced 
age, but in what year I have not been abla to ascertain. It is, however, certain that 

18.— Hbnbt db Atlesfobd was Abbot in 1281. He died in 1297. 

«• Collectanea vol. iv., p. 68, ed. 1770. 

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46 BATTEL ABBEr. 

14.— John de Tanbto, or of the Isle of Thanet, a monk of St. Aagiutiiie*8, Can- 
terbury, was elected in 1297| and resigned In 1807. 

15. — John de Watltkoton, Senechal of Abbey, was elected in 1807, and died 
in 1811. Tlie name implies that he was a native of the adjoining parish of What- 
lington. 

16.— John de Kobthbttbne was elected in 1811, and resigned in 1818. 

17.— John de PEyENBSB,or of Pevensey, was elected in 1818, and died in 1824. 

18.— Alan de Ketltno was elected in 1824, and died in 1850. 

19.— BOBEBT De Bello, or of Battel, was elected in 1851, and died in 1364. 

20.~Hamo De Offington was elected in 1864, and died in 1888. To this Abbot 
and his successors was granted, by Pope Gregory, the priyilege of using the Hitra, 
Bing, and other Pontificals ; and also the Sacerdotal Vestments, and the Palla, 
which had been specially blessed for their Church* For an account of his gallant 
and successful defence of Winchelsea, at the head of his retainers, *' when it was 
attacked by the French in 1377, see Lower's translation of the Battel Abbey 
Chronicle, p. 204. 

21.— John Crane was elected in 1888, and died in 1897. 

22.— John Lydbubt was elected in 1898, and died oirca 1404. 

23.— William MER88HAM,or Mebbsham— for the name was spelled both ways — 
was, when elected. Cellarer of the Abbey. His election took place in 1404, and be 
died in 1417. Mr. M. A. Lower states ids election to hare received the Boyal assent 
in 1406. But a Halimote Court Boll for the Manor of Bemehome, dated '* Friday 
before the Annunciation of the Virgin Mary, March, 1404," is stated to contain 
'' the entries of the first Court held in the time of William Merssham, Lord Abbot 
of Battel.*' His election, then, must have taken place as I have stated above. 
Does not this make it probable that his predecessor's death took place in 1404-5 ? 

24.— Thomas De Ludlow, Cellarer and Prior of the Abbey, was elected in 1417, 
and resigned in 1485. 

25.— William Walleb was elected in 1485, and died in 1487. 

26.— Bichabd Debtmouth was elected in 1487, and died in 1462. 

27.— John Newton, Cellarer of the Abbey, was elected in 1468, and died in 1490. 

28.— Bichabd Tobt was elected in 1490, and died in 1508. 

29.— WUJJAM Westfield, Steward of the Abbey, was elected in 1508, and died in 
1508. In the Boll of accounts of this Abbey, of the date of 1509, an account of the 
expenses attendant on the obsequies of this Abbot are minutely entered. The dis- 
bursements, distributions, and rewards on the day of his sepulture appear to have 
been very considerable. His grave, however, was not by any means a costly one, 
8d. only being debited for it. 

80. — Lawbengb Champion was elected in 1508. How, and what time he vaca- 
ted the Abbacy is not known. 

81. — John Hamond, Sacristan of the Abbey, ig supposed to have been the next 
Abbot ; but I have been unable to discover any record of the date of bis appointment. 
All we know of him is that he was Abbot in 1588, and that he resigned the Abbey 
into the hands of the King's Conmiissioners in 1588. His appointment could not 
have taken place until after the year 1531, as the Boll of Abbey accounts for that 
year shews that he was at that time still Sacristan. 

Upon his surrender of the Abbey he received a pension of £100 per annum ; and 

w For a metrical legend of the Abbot's Church in England, considers Bishops 

conduct on this occasion, see Lower's and Abbots leading their retainers to the 

Contributions to Literature, pp. 189 to field, to be the natural oonsequenoe of 

145. Martineau, in his History of the the feudal system. 



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BATTEL ABBEY. 47 

the nzteen monks then belonfdng to the House, sums each varying In amount from 
£6 138. 6<L to £6. One half of the monks leoeiyed the former, and the other half 
the latter sum. To one, a novloe, no peuBion appears to have been assigned. This 
last Abbot died in the year 1546, and was buried by his own desire in the Chapel of 
St. Oatherine, in the parish Church of Battel. Mr. W. D. Cooper gives us a copy 
of his Will from the Battel Registry Ui Vol vi., p., 65, of the Sussex ArchsBologioal 
CoUeotions.*'' 

The Abbey of Battel once possessed a very extensive and 
valuable collection of books and manuscripts, the selection of 
its different Abbots, who were some of them very learned 
men. Leiand gives, in his Collectanea, a catalogue of a few 
of the most rare and costly of these books. In it were two 
works of Odo, the seventh Abbot. This library was generally 
considered to be one of the best in the kingdom. But at the 
dissolution it was of the most miserable description. 

The revenues of tbis Abbey had been much diminished 
before its dissolution. Still, according to Dugdale, the an- 
nual income was even then £880 14s. 7id., but, according to 
Speed, £987 Os. 10}d. Possibly Dugdale's was the net, and 
Speed's the gross income. With such an annual income as 
this — each hundred pounds then being equal to about a thou- 
sand now — at their command, it is astonishing that the 
** vestments of the Abbey Church," and "implements of 
the household," should have been suffered to become, by neglect, 
so utterly worthless as they are described to be by the Com- 
missioners employed to report on the state and value of the 
effects of the Monastery at the time its dissolution was first 
contemplated, and can only be accounted for upon the sup- 
position that the establishment foresaw their approaching 
end, and were not, therefore, so careful and frugal in the 

*^ In the Bent Boll of the possessions and who was the only Ahhot named 
of the Ahbey, rendered hy Brother John Alan, if there had not been ample proof 
DalUngton, Almoner in 1414, Allan, among the Abbey reoords of John Dai- 
Abbot of Battel, is mentioned as re- lington having been the Almoner of the 
leasing land in Granebroke, to Matilda, house in 1410, and from that year to 
the wife of John Draper. Of this Abbot, 1415. Possibly then Allan is a mistake 
if such Abbot there were at this date, I for William, the preceding Abbot. A 
have not been able to find any other feoffment of land from Thomas Seint- 
notice. I should have been disposed to leger, and three others in Herstmonoeuz, 
think that the date in this case is inoor- in alms to William Meresham, Lord 
rectly given, and that the Abbot referred Abbot, and the Convent of Battel, dated 
to is AUm de Ketling, who presided over August, 1414, seems to warrant my oon- 
the establishment from 1324 to 1850, jeoture, if not to show that it u right. 

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48 BATTEL ABBEY. 

management of their concerns as they might, perhaps, other- 
wise have been. In their letter to Secretary Cromwell on 
the subject, the Commissioners say — 

*' My Lord, These shalbe to advertise your Lordeshyppe, that we have taken 
thassuranoe for the Eyng, and have cast our bowke for the dispache of the Monkes 
and Householde, which amounttithe at the leaste to on hundretii pownds. The im- 
plements off householde be the worste that ever I se in Abbaye or Priorye ; — the 
vestyments so old and so baysse, worn, raggede, and tome, as youre Lordeshyppe 
wolde not thynke ; so that veray smale money canbe made of the Yestrye. If your 
Lordeshyppe send us a hundrethe powndes by this bringar, we shal make up the 
reste, if it be possible, of this old Yestrye stuffe ; — iff we cannot, we shal disburse 
hyt till our retome to your Lordeshyppe. The Church plate, and plate of the House 
we suppos by estymation wil amounte to OCCC marks (£266 Ids. 4d.), or more. 
There is no great store of catell. This day we be makyng an inventary. Thus 
our Lorde continewe yowe in honoure. From Battell Abbaye the xxvijth of May. 
" Your Lordeschyppe's to command, 

"JOHN GAGB." 
'* Your Lordshype's most humble Servant, 

** RIG. LAYTON, prest.'' 

And this same Richard Lay ton, in a letter to Mr. Wrysley, 
whom he addresses as '' the Right Worshipful," enters a 
little more particularly into the neglected state in which he 
and his brother commissioner found the Yestments of this 
once magnificent Abbey. He says of the House, *'so 
beggary a House I ncYer see;" and of the furniture — "nor 
so filthye stuffe. I assure you I wilnot [giYe] xx* for all 
manner [of] hanggyngs in this House. Here is one cope of 
crimosyn YelYet somewhat embroderede ; one of grene YelYet 
embroderede, and two of blewe, rowsty and. soylled. If ye 
will haYe any of thes, sende me worde. The best Yestment 
I can fynde ye shall haYe ; but I assure you so many cyIU 
[ones] I neYer see." He then proceeds to speak of the 
members of the establishment. " The stuffe," he says, " is 
like the persons;" but enough of this. The letter is also dated 
"from Battell, xxYijth May." ^ 

Sad is the account which both Fuller and Burnet giYe of 
the moral condition of these houses shortly before they were 
suppressed; but more particularly do they speak dispara- 
gingly of Battel Abbey; against the Abbot and monks of 

•■ This Gage was Sir John Gage, Con- ment, with the effigies upon it, m Firlo 
stable of the Tower, K.G., whose monu- Church, is one of the finest in Sussex. 

» Ellis' 8 Series iij., 204. 

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BATTEL ABBEY. 49 

which they brought charges of the most atrocious and 
flagrant nature ; which, perhaps, though they might not be 
wholly without foundation, the prejudices and feelings of 
the times might have led them in some measure to exag- 
gerate. For, surely, it may fairly be assumed, that Henry 
VII I. would not have granted life-pensions to them upon 
their surrendering this far-famed Abbey- and its revenues to 
him, if they had been as profligate in their conduct as these 
two historians represent them. He is much more likely 
to have exulted in the opportunity which such a state of 
things would have offered, of discharging them unprovided 
for, and in disgrace. 

The deed of surrender of this Abbey, which is still extant 
among the Cottonian manuscripts, in the British Museum, 
and which is dated May, 1538, — the editors of the Mon- 
asticon Anglicanum erroneously making its date a year 
later— enumerates very explicitly all the properties, posses- 
sions, rights, liberties, and privileges, which thus passed to 
the King, in the Counties of Sussex, Kent, Southampton, 
Devon, Worcester, Norfolk, Suffolk, Essex, Berks, Oxford, 
Wilts, Cambridge, and elsewhere in England and Wales. 
The bulk of these the King granted by Letters Patent, 
dated 15th August, 1538 (30 Hen. VIII.), to Sir Anthony 
Browne,^ his Master of the Horse, and his Majesty's special 
favourite, who had married Alice, the daughter of the Sir John 
Gage, one of the Commissioners appointed to report on the 
state of the Abbey, and to obtain its surrender. He, it 
probably was, that first converted into a residence, for 
himself and his family, the part of the Conventual build- 
ings now occupied as a dwelling-house. At his death, 
which took place in 1548, the Abbey Estates passed to his 
son Anthony, the first Viscount Montague. From him, who 
died in 1592, the estates and title passed to his grandson ; 
and they continued in this noble family until the year 1719, 
when Anthony, the sixth Viscount, sold the Abbey and its 
estates to Sir Thomas Webster, an archsBologist of some 
repute in his day, who, dying in 1751, was succeeded by his 

»» Browne Willifl. in his ** History of endowed, on one Gilmer, by whom the 

ibeMitred Abbeys," says— that the King buildings were partially pulled down, 

bestowed the site of the Abbey, with and the materials sold. But this is a 

■ereral of the lands with whioh it was mistake, 

XVII. H 

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50 BATTEL ABBEY. 

son, Whistler Webster, who died without issue, and the title 
and estates passed to his brother, Godfrey. He dying in 
1780, they passed to his eldest son, Godfrey Vassall, who 
died in 1836; his eldest son succeeded him, but he too 
dying without issue in 1853, the title and estates passed to 
his brother, Augustus Frederick, the present Baronet, who 
sold the latter to Lord Harry (Jeorge Vane, now Duke of 
Cleveland, the present possessor. 

I have said that the first possessor of the estate, after the 
dissolution of the Abbey, probably converted a portion of the 
conventual buildings into a suitable residence for himself 
and his successors, because it appears from one of the Battel 
Abbey Rolls of accounts, of a date a little subsequent to the 
King's grant, that considerable works of some kind, either in 
the shape of building or repairing, were going on shortly 
after the Abbey came into his possession. There is, too, of 
the same date, a letter written to Sir Anthony's steward, in 
which the writer, who had evidently been communicated 
with on the subject of such building, strongly urges upon 
him the necessity of his ^' retaining the services of such 
rough-layers as he should send to him for employment at 
Battel Abbey;" as he, the writer, had been informed, that 
" such as were sent by Mr. Bartlette had returned home to 
their own country." Whatever these works were, they were 
put out to some builder to be done by contract; on which 
account he goes on to advise the same steward to see them 
" well handelyde in their wages ; for yf men feell no gayne 
by their labours and travell, hyt were no goode that they 
hadde gone, for they woU worke none thereafter. As I under- 
stonde, the worke is takyn in greatt by one mann, and he 
doweth give but small wages, bycause his own gayne should 
be the morre." The name of the writer of this letter is ille- 
gible; but from some expressions in it, we are led to infer 
that he was one of the Grown officers. He goes on to tell 
the steward, that, ^' as soon as their pay was done, he should 
send a substantial man to him as mortar-maker." 

It is impossible to make a survey of the Abbey buildings 
without at once seeing that a different date must be assign^ 
to different parts of them. Bishop Lyttelton, when Dean of 
Exeter, visited this Abbey, July 17th, 1752, and has left upon 

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BATTEL ABBEY. 51 

record among the manuscripts of the Society of Antiquaries, 
London^the following opinion of its architecture : — ** The 
Abbey Mouse of Battel, in Sussex, seems in all parts to have 
been built considerably later than the first foundation in 
William Ist's reign. The oldest part is a large bay of build- 
ing, now used for a coach house and lumber room, but sup- 
posed to have been the refectory, and under it crypts and 
vaults of fine freestone, divided by elegant pillars and 
springing arches, that form a curious vaulted roof, now con- 
verted into a stable. This I suppose to be of the age of 
King Stephen, or Henry II. As to the gateway, with the 
adjoining buildings, which Buck in his engraving of it affirms 
to have been part of William Ist's structure, I cannot allow 
it to be older than King Henry VI's time." 

Of the additions and alterations made since the dissolution 
to adapt it to the purposes of a private residence, the Duke 
of Cleveland has, since his Grace's purchase of the Abbey, 
done many works to make it more commodious. In reply to 
a letter which Mr. W. Durrant Cooper wrote to the Duke, 
to enquire whether he had among his Abbey documents 
any ground plan of the Abbey buildings, previous to 
its destruction as a monastery, his Grace was good enough 
to give him the following account, not only of his own im- 
provements, but also of the state of the Abbey when he took 
possession of it. His grace says — '* 1 am not sure whether 
I can find such a plan'' [the ground plan of the ancient 
Abbey buildings] ; " but I may mention that though I took 
down some part (which was not old, but added by Sir God- 
frey Webster, and built very badly of brick cemented over to 
look like stone), and have re-built it of stone, with a slight 
alteration, so as to render it more in character and architec- 
tural, yet that the ground area of this is the same. In like 
manner the present library, which is 76 feet long, is sub- 
stantially the same building as the former one erected by Sir 
Anthony Brown, after the dissolution of the monastery, and 
its cession to him. I pierced in the walls (which are three 
feet thick) the windows to the west; took down one of the 
bay windows to the west, re-built it in an almost similar 
manner, and threw out also another bay window to the west 
to correspond, which did not exist in the old building. I took 

H 2 

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52 BATTEL ABBEY. 

down also ten feet to the south (the original building being 
oblong), and made the south window; re-building in the form 
of a bay in the same way above, I raised the whole building 
above its former elevation, and made some architectural 
alterations. When I first went to Battel there were merely 
the walls with a bad roof. It was not fitted up; it was 
simply an empty area within walls. It is uncertain whether 
it had ever been finished by Sir Anthony Browne." 

About the year 1420, a new Sword of maintenance was ob- 
tained for the Abbey, which, at the time of its dissolution, fell 
into the hands of Sir John Gage, one of the commissioners; 
it remained with him and his descendants until about 
thirty years ago, when the present Viscount Gage gave it to 
Dr. Meyrick, of Goodrich Court. Upon the pommel of this 
sword are the arms of Battel Abbey, viz., a cross j with a 
crown in the first and fourth quarters^ and a smaU 
sword erect in the second and third; with the Abbot's initials, 
T. L.y for Thomas Ludlow. This is considered to be the 
oldest weapon of the kind in this country. It is figured and 
described in the ArchaBologia, vol. icxii., p. 414. 

Other arms ascribed to the Abbey are — 

1. Argent on a cross gules^ a mitre in the centre between 
two orbs^ or mounds^ in fesse^ and two crovms in paU^ or. 
(Tanner) 

2. Gules ^ on a cross^ or. the text letter X, azure^ two 
crovms in the first and fourth quarters^ and two swords^ 
vnth the points upwards^ in the second and third; (Tanner) 
Le Neve considers the letter to be intended for a mitre. 

3. Gules a cross^ argent ; in the first quarter a mitre vnth 
labels; in the second a crown, or. (Procession Roll of Lords 
to Parliament, 1512.) 

Of its seal3, the oldest of which we have any knowledge, 
is that which Mr. M. A. Lower has engraved on the title 
page of his translation of the Battel Abbey Chronicle. The 
design is a temple, surrounded by a label, with the following 
legend : — ** Sigillum Conventus Sancti Martini de Bello." 
A deed of Reginald, who was Abbot from 1261 to 1281, 
and numbered 994 in Thorpe's Battel Abbey Charters, &c.^ 
has attached to it a seal, on the obverse of which is a re- 
presentation of the Abbey portal, its turrets, &c., with an 



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BATTEL ABBEY. 53 

inscription, of which the following words only remain. . . 
. . . "Sancti Martini de Bello;" and on the reverse is 
a figure of the Abbot, with the inscription, *' Reginald Dei 
Gratia." . . • . The rest is wanting, about a third of 
the seal being broken away. 

Among the pen and ink drawings of seals in Sir Elias 
Ashmole's Museum at Oxford is one described as of Roger, 
Abbot of St. Martin's, Battel ; on which is a representation 
of a Monastery, or Religious House of some kind, haying 
the portraiture of an Abbot within a small arch. In his 
right hand he has a pastoral staff, and in his left a book, 
probably the Bible. The reference to the folio on which it 
is to be found is '^Ash. 833, folio 401." Sir Elias has 
added in a marginal note to this seal — ^^ Rogerus dei gratia 
Abbas de Bello." He states the date of the deed, from the 
seal of which the drawing is made, to be ** 20 February, 
1319." This Roger is usually called John de Pevenese. 

In one of the north windows of Watlington Church are, 
according to the Burrell Manuscripts, confiisedly glazed 
together, some fragments of glass, on which are, argent^ a 
hUtj pommel^ and cross bar^ or. passing through a ducal 
coronet^ or; which Sir William considers to have been a 
device of the Abbot of Battel, who built the Church, bor- 
rowed from the arms of Battel Abbey. 

Subordinate to Battel Abbey were the two Priories of 
Brecknock, or Brecon, in Wales, and of St. Nicholas, Exeter. 
The former of these stood just without the walls of Breck- 
nock Castle, and was established for six Benedictine monks, 
at the suggestion of Roger of Battel, a monk, who was Con- 
fessor to Ae founder. The Priors of this House were always 
summoned to the elections of the Abbots of Battel ; and in case 
of the decease or resignation of a Prior, it was customary ^ 
for the Abbots of Battel to nominate and present the Prior 
selected to supply the vacancy to the Bishop of St. David's for 
confirmation. The north part of the cross aisle, at the west 
end of the Parish Church, is called the Chapel of the Monks of 
Battel; but little of this Priory now remains. The latter 
was also founded for six monks. Dr. Oliver, who gives, in 
his Monasticon of the Diocese of Exeter, a very full account 

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54 BATTEL ABBEY. 

of this Priory, says that it was erected at the expense of 
Battel Abbey, and was very justly regarded as the most 
ancient as well as the most considerable Religious House in 
the City of Exeter; and that, at its first foundation, it was 
supplied with monks from Battel Abbey. A crypt, with 
massive Saxon arches, is all that now remains of this Priory. 
These cells the Abbot of Battel was in the habit of visit- 
ing triennially. 

I am well aware that in the Episcopal Registers of the 
See of Chichester, entries are occasionally to be met with 
referring to this Abbey. None of them, however, are of 
sufficient historical importance to make them worthy of 
being cited here. So far as they have at different times 
fallen under my observation, they have reference principally 
to such official transactions as took place between the 
Diocesan and Abbot for the time being; and will, in my 
opinion, be more suitably introduced into an account of 
the parishes to which they more immediately belong, than 
into a history of the Abbey itself. To the parochial historian, 
then, I shall leave them ; and shall now proceed, in conclu- 
sion, to point out from the Valor Ecclesiasticus of Henry 
VIII., what portion of their property the Battel Abbey 
monks were able to retain until the dissolution of their estab- 
lishment, a&d its money value at that period. 

The profits of their manors in Sussex are staled at that 
time to have been — 

Alcyston, £61 178. OcL ; Alfrystoii, £3 138. 4d. ; Lullyngton, £16 lis. 8d. ; 
Glophjun, £6 138. 4d. ; Appuldram, £29 Ss Os. ; Bamehome, in Bexhill and Hoo, 
£27 12b. lOidJ; Breiehurst, in Tysehorat, £2 Ids. 4d. ; Mexfeld, in Oestelyng, 
£5 68. 8d. In Kent— Wye, £48 12b. 4d. ; EaBt Kingsnoth, £22 5a. 5d. ; West 
Kinganoth, £5 Os. Od. ; Byddynden, £9 ISs. 4d. ; Anglyngle, in Cranebioke, 
£7 78. Od.; and Morehouse, in Hawkehurst, of which no yalue Btated. In Essex— 
Hoton, £22 Os. Od. In Hampshire— Ansty, in Alton, £10 68. 8d. In Berkshim— 
Brightwalton, £32 Os. Od. In Oxfordshire — CrowmarBhe, near Walkyngford, 
£18 6s. 8d. In Wiltshire— Bromham, £9 Os. 0; Glenche, near Wyke, £3 18 4d.— 
Total, £336 lOs. ll^d. 

Ditto of Parcels of Manors. — In Sussex and Kent, Rents of diyers Manors, with 
8s. rent paid annually from Highfelds parcel of the Manor of Northey, in Bexhill, 
£4 19s. 6ld. ; ditto parcel of the Manor of Dengemershe, £53 9s. 5|d. ; profits of 
grain arising from the Manors of Alcyston and Bemehome, £2 Ob. Od. ; ditto within 
the Manor of Marley, £9 lis. 41d.— Total, £70 Os. 6d. 

Ditto of Lands.— Bent of 14 acres of land in Pevensey marsh, 148. Od. ; of lands 



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BATTEL ABBEY. 55 

In Wadhant called Snapes, 68. 8d. ; of a meadow oalled Battell-meade, with 
other meadows amiexed to it, £8 68. 8d. ; of lands called Eastlonds, £2 Os. Od. ; of 
lands called Bt Mary's Croft, and other lands adjoining, £8 12s. Od. ; of a meadow 
called Amery's Heade, including the houses upon it, £3 8s. Os. ; of divers parcels of 
land in Battell and Worth, £2 Is. 11 ^d. ; of Beron*s land in Pevensey marsh, and 
of lands called Snaylham, in Gestelyng, £S 88. 5|d. ; other rents from the Vill of 
Battell, and the marsh of Bye, 8s. 2d. ; and of lands called Chaunter's land, in 
Gattesfeld, 10a. Od. 

Ditto Houses. — Bent of a tiled house in Alfrystou, £12 Os. Od. ; of a house in 
Echyngham called Stretings, £1 Os. Od. ; of many houses in Battell, £50 1 Is. 8d. ; 
of houses called the Sextry, and lands called Calbeck and Lydoock, and the tithes 
of the Vill of Battell, £9 6s. 8d. ; and of houses in the pariah of St. Olayes, in South- 
wark, near Battell-bridge, £28 6s. Os. 

Ditto of Bents not otherwise particularly described.— Annual rents received from 
the li^anor of Korthy, in Bexhill, 12s. Od. ; from the Bailiff of Battell, £5 18s. 4d. ; 
collected by the Abbey Bailiff, £9 98. Od. ; customary rents paid by the tenants of 
Selham and Uckham, £6 10s. 4d.; from the Vill of Battell, £4 5s. Od. ; from other 
parishes m Sussex, £1 9s. 4d. ; collected by the Abbey Bailiff, £102 8s. 2id. ; from 
Southwark, £12 18s. 4d.; from Hoton, £18 17s. ifd.; and from Bromham, 
£23 10s. 8d. 

Ditto of MUls.— Bent of a mill on lease to John Barker, £1 18s. Od. ; ditto hi the 
tenure of Hamon May, £5 18s. 6d. ; ditto of a water mill in Southwark, £8 6s. 8d. 

Ditto of Townssbame.— Bent of this with its appurtenances, and rents in Crophill- 
Nacholt, £7 Us. 8d. 

Ditto of Charges on Beotories.— Ikelsham, £17 68. 8d.; Westfield, £6 6s. 8d.; Ix- 
ning, Suffolk, £81 ; Bramford, ditto, £2 18s. 4d.; Aylesham, ditto. £20 6s. 8d. 

Ditto of Annual Pensions. — From the Bectory of Mankesey, 168. Od.; from 
the New Priory of Warbleton, 2s. Od.; from the Bectory of Walberton, £1 Os. Od. ; 
from the Priory of Bobertsbridge, 4s. Od.; from the Bectory of Brame, Suffolk, 
£1 Os. Od.; from the Vicarage of Trillowe, due from the heir of Thomas Lucas, 
2s. Od.; from the Bectory of Norton, £1 Os. Od.; from Monshall and Gromeshall 
paid by Queen's College, Cambridge, £2 Os. Od.; from Mildenhall, paid by the Ah- 
hot of the Abbey of Bury St. Edmonds, £18 6s. 6d.; from the Bectory of Bright- 
walton, Berkshire, £8 6s. 8d.; from Hempsted, £8 6b. 8d.; from the Bectory of 
Lymesf eld, 28. Od. 

Ditto of Tithes and Oblations.— The tithes of WhaOington, Seddlesoombe, Hol- 
lyngton, Brede, Udimero, Gesteling, Ore, Bexhill, Wartling, Beckley, and divers 
other lands near Battell when sown, 12s. Od.; oblations, one year with another. 
138. 4d. 

Ditto of Assise Bents. — ^Arising from different sources, £19 8s. 9d. 

Sum total of Spiritualities and Temporalities, £987 Os. lOfd. 

From these the Beprisals to be deducted were — Pensions and portions paid by the 
Abbot to the Prior and Convent of Fordham, Suffolk, for the Bectory of Ixning, 
£5 6s. 8d.; to the Vicar of Ixninges, £4 Os. Od.; to the Bishop of Norwich for the 
Bectory of Bramfbrd, £18 68, 8d.; to the Bector of Samford parva for a portion of 
the Tithes of the Bectory, 12s. Od.; to William Culpeper, the founder of <'Alard*B 
Chauntry" in the Vill of Whichelsey, £3 6s. 8d.; to the Vicar of Pevensey for a 
portion of the tithes called <'Le Mershe,** 10s. Od.; to the Vicar of Westfeld, 
£5 Os. Od.; to the Vicar of Ikleaham, £8 6s. 8d.; to the same Vicar, £1 18s. 4d.; to 
the Dean of Battell by composition, £5 6s. Sd.; to the Bector of Cattysfdd, 
8s. 4d. 

Annual Proourationa — ^To the Bishop of London for the Church of Stamford 



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56 BATTEL ABBEY. 

panra, 78. 6d.; to the Archbishop of Csnterbary for the Church of Wye, Kent, 
7b. 6d.; to the Bishop of Chichester for the Churches of Westfidd and Ikelsham, 
2s. Od. 

Rent8.~To the Lord Burrowes, for rents paid to him for the manor of Lymesfeld, 
£2 lis. Od.; to Roger Lewknor, Knight, and the Lord Bacres, for rent paid to them 
for the manor of Alcyston, £3 lOs. 8d.; to the Bishop of Chichester for rents paid 
to him for tenements in Bexhill, 6s. Od.; to the VUl of Pevensey for the rent of 
land called " Le Mersheof Pevensey," £5 Is. Od.; to John Telding, Gentleman, for 
a rent of one pound of wax paid to him for the mill of Pypering, 6s. Od.; to the 

Dean of Dallyngton for rent due to him, 18s. Od.; for the rent of 

Mazfeld, £1 Is. Od. 

Perpetual Alms.— Alms bestowed annually on the feast of St Hartyn and at the 
Lord's Supper, in silver, bread, and alleo, for the founder of the Abbey, but particu- 
larly for Slbilla de Ickelsham, Durand de Sutton, Hugh de Martyn 

Henry Faber, and others, by the ancient foundation deed of the Abbey, £5 28. lOd. 

Fees. — ^To Thomas, Earl of Wiltshire, Steward of the manors, lands, and tenements 
of the Abbey, £13 6s. 8d ; to Edward Baynton, Ejoight, Steward of the manor of 

Bromham, Wiltshire £1 6s. 8d.; to Tyrrell de Heron, Qentleman, 

Steward of the manor of Hoton, Essex, ISs. 4d.; to Nicholas Came, Knight, 
Steward of the manor of Lymesfeld, Surrey, £1 68. 8d.; to John Baker, Attorney of 
the Duchy of Lancaster, and Steward of the manor of Wye, Kent, £1 6s. 8d.; to 
Bichard Saokvile, Steward of the manor of Dengemerahe, ditto, £2 Os. Od.; to Chris- 
topher Wigsell, Eecdvour of all the manors, lands, and tenements in the counties of 
Berkshire, Wiltshire, Oxfordshire, and elsewhere, £2 Os. Od.; to Edward Affeld, Reoei- 
yerof all the manors, lands, and tenements in the oounties of Suffolk, Norfolk, and 
Essex, £1 6s. 8d. To John Chilton, bailiff of Wye, £9 Os. Od. To John Comport, 
bailiff of Lymesfeld, £2 Os. Od. To Ambrose Comport, bailiff of Battell, £2 68. 8d« 
To John Gore, bailiff of the Fraunohes of Bromham, 168. 4d. To Christopher 
Wygsell, auditor of the Abbey, £2 18s. 4d. To John Adam, receiver and collector of 
the rents of Dengemerahe, £0 7s. 6d. To John Abroke, receiver and collector of 
rents of Lullyngton, £1 10s. Od. To William Denke, John Siman, Thomas Clarke, 
John Sykyll, and others, receivers and collectors of different Abbey rents, amounting 
upon the whole to £68 4s. d)d., issuing out of hereditaments situated in Bemehome, 
Battell, Whatl}mgton, Seddlescombe, and other parishes adjacent to them in Sussex, 
and also in Wye, Bomney, Byddenden, and Hawkhuret, in Kent, £2 l8.0d. 

Total of Reprisals £106 6s. 2|d. 

Leaving a clear balance of . . £880 14s 71d. 

For a list of some relics of this Abbey, exhibited by the 
Dowager Lady Webster, on the occasion of the Annual 
Meeting of our Society, held at Hastings, in August, 1861, 
see Vol. XIV., p. xii. 



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NOTES ON NINFIELD AND ITS REGISTERS, 

SDITBD FBOM THB M8S. OF THE LATB 

Rbv. JOHN SHARPE, A.B. 



The memoranda entered in the parish registers have 
formed portions of our former volumes ; but this source 
of information has not been fiilly explored. The smallest 
village often has preserved among its records import- 
ant facts and interesting matters, and we are pleased to 
have the opportunity of printing the following extracts made 
by our late member, the Kev. John Sharpe, in 1796, when he 
was curate of Ninfidd and Hoo.^ 

These registers seemed so unpromising of interest that the 
Rev. Wm. Hayley assured Sir W. Burrell they contained "no 
items worthy of note," and, writing in May, 1780, Mr. 
Hayley gave the following dismal account of his visit to 
Ninfield : " The best and roundabout way from Brightling is a 
very bad one ; but as soon as I heard it was a little passable, I 
last week attempted that expedition."* Yet Mr. Sharpe copied 
what is well worth printing; and by the aid of the Subsidy 
rolls, and the institutions to the Vicarage (kindly copied 
by Mr. S. Parsons, from extracts made by J. B. Freeland, 
Esq.) from the Bishops' registers, we are able to show what 
was the state of this small parish and its inhabitants prior to 
the last century, and to tell something more of its history, 
than has been previously printed. 

It is known to have formed part of the possessions of the 
Earl of Eu, but since then the names of the chief owners have 
been omitted, possibly because of the fr*equent changes in the 
spelling of the place, for it was spelt Menefdd^ temp. 
John; Nedrefeud^ temp. Hen. III., and Edw. I; Nemenefeud 

> He hod been scholar of Trinity moir is giyen in the Gent Mag. for 

Coll. Oxford, and died at his rectory Feb., 1860. 

Castle Eaton, Wilto, 27th Dec., 1859, > Addl. HSS., Brit Mus., 5697 and 

at the adyanoed age of 90. A me- 6356, f ol. 88. 

XVII. I 



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58 



NOTES ON NINFIELD AND ITS REGISTERS. 



and Nimesfeld^ 1291; Nemenefeld temp. Edw. I. and III; 
Nemefeld^ temp. Ewd. II; and subsequently Nunjield. 

On the 24th October, 1204, the sheriff was directed to 
permit Groslenn de Maresco to hold five marks of land here, 
which were his brother Peter's." 

After the Eus had, in 1221, forfeited their English estates, 
Ninfield passed to the family of Hastings. Matthew Hastings 
obtained a grant of free warren here* in 1271, and died, seized 
of two knights' fees here,* in 1276. 

In the subsidy roll* of 1295, we find the families of Cherche 
and Brun [Brown] returned as the principal owners. 

Elia ad Cherche ... 7* 

Gilbert deEoolesia - - 7* Bi'^ 
The Belict of Symon de ) 

Eoclefda . . . j ^^ 

Beginald Bnm - • - 6" 81<> 
Robert de fiofford - - - 171«k 

Very soon afterwards (1320) the Chantry Chapel of Leigh, 
in Kent, to which the Church of Fairlight was attached, held 
lands here, and Ealph, the parson of the chapel, had an inquisi- 
tion ad quod damnum.^ 

We have more owners mentioned in the subsidy roll® of 
1 Edw. m. (1327). 



Thomas Twnge 


- 2« Si* 


Thomas Brun 


16i* 


Walter Hervy 


- 2« 1* 


William de Swynham - 


- 2- 104* 


Thomas Brembel - 


. 16i* 


Walter Pedder 


18* 



Will, de Septyannls 


18« lOi* 


Bobert Ingeram - 


. . 4« 6* 


JohndeEston 


. 2»11* 


Robert Bnm - 


- 2» 2|* 


Hamon le Muleward 


. 4« 5f* 


Thorn, atte Churohe 


. 2- 8* 




. 2- 8* 


John Broun - 


- 2» If* 


John Potakyn 


22|* 


Thom. de Bashef ord 


- 2» 6i* 


Stephen la Tonge - 


. 2» 4f* 


John atte Churohe - 


. . 2« 2i* 


John de Thoma 


14i* 


John Soundy 


. . 22i* 


Thorn, de Wyndham 


. 8« 8i* 


WUL Ingeram 


. - 2- J* 


Stephen Arnold - 


. Hi* 







This return gives us some additional particulars of families 
and property. The name of the principal holder of land then 
was one of the Septvann family of Ash, in Kent, who had 
property at Lidd and Broomhill, and also resided at Milton, 
near Canterbury, till 1448 ; an only child, Elizabeth, married 



s Bot. Lit, CI. 6 John, m. 13. 
« Bot Chart., 55 Heniy IIL, pi 1, 
m.4. 
* Inq. p.m., 5 Edw. L, No. 7. 



« 28 Edw. L, B. B., 1781. 
» U Edw. IL, No. 106. 
• E. B., 518. 



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NOTES ON NINFIELD AND ITS REGISTERS. 59 

Sir William Fogg, of Kepton, near Ashford. They bore for 
their arms Azure^ three wheat skreens^ orfans^ or^ 

The well-known names of the Milwards and the Ingrams 
also appear in the list, whilst Stephen at the Standard tends 
very much to confirm the tradition of Standard Hill, and at 
any rate shows that the name existed five hundred years since. 

Seven of the surnames again occur in the subsidy five 
years later (1332).'^ 



Will, de SeptevanniB 


• 16» 6i^ 


Stephen Ingram - 


. 2- 


2i* 


John Soondy 


- y 44* 


Hamon le Meleward 


- 4« 


2|4 


Stephen Yonge 


. . 2- 7* 


Thorn, le Biiforde - 


. 6« 


21* 


John Broun - 


- » lOJ* 


Thorn, atte Cherche 


- 7« 


1* 


John Gok - 


. - 8- i* 









In the NonsB Roll we have a sad description of the impove- 
rishment of the place. The Inquisition was taken in the 
spring of the year 1342, on the oaths of Thomas de Swynham, 
Eobert Ingeram, John Sjrmme, and Stephen de Yonge, and it was 
found that agreat part of cultivated land called Morhdl, had been 
submerged; that Henry Vynch [Finch], of Winchelse, and other 
freemen of the Cinque Ports, held lands, which were exempt 
from payment ; that 130 acres lay uncultivated that year on 
account of poverty, as also a portion of land belonging to the 
Abbot of Begehamme; and frirther, that there was no mer- 
chant in the parish, nor any other person who did not live by 
the cultivation of the land. Morehall was the manor of the 
Septvans, and in 1366 Alan de Boxhull had the custody of it 
till William, son and heir of William de Septvany, came of 
age. Pat. 40 Edw. III. 

The Vynchs or Finchs probably succeeded to the Churches. 
The land of the Abbey of Bayham had been recently ac- 
quired, for it was not in Tope Nicholas' taxation" of 1291. 

TheTicarage formed part of the endowment made by the 
Earl of Eu for the Canons of the Collegiate Chapel of 
Hastings," and we find the names of the Vicars and patrons in 
the Bishops' books, with additions from the parish Registers be- 
tween 1611 and 1681; which, as the cover of the first book 

* HaaiedlB Kent, IIL, p 567. J. B. tenl branches; these notioes may aid 

Planche, Esq , Boage GroLs, in his plea- the discovery, 
sant volume of *' A Corner of Kent," p. >« 6 Edward III., H.C.H. 9. 

807, gives the beet notioes of this impor- >■ Pee Suss. Arch. Coll. ix., p. 162. 

tant family; but he has not been able to " n>id. xiiL, p. 144. 

traoe the early marriages nor the oolla- 

I 2 

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60 



KOTES ON NINFIELD AND ITS EE6ISTEE8. 



now existing, states, was bought in 1663 by Mr. John Bowyer, 
then Vicar. 



1401Har.l6 



1402 Not. 10 

1408Mar.26 

1478 

1564 Apr. 11 

1560 

1600 Feb. 14 
1611 Not. 29 



DicDiaiinDB. 



Walter Boberd 



Thomas Boyton 



William Fariho 
Jno. Titilflhide 

Jolm Series 

Thomas Brasbrone ... 
Thomas Dackworth 
John Bell." cap. 
Christopher Tanwythe 

Thos. Atkynson, cap. 

Thomas Style, der. ... 
fLawrenoe BosweU,) 

I A.M. J 

John Gyles, ▲.][. 



BOW TAOAST. 



res." Walter Boberd.. 



res.^* William Fnrtho 



res. Thos. Dnckworth 

I.. .a. ... ••■ •.• .. 

dep. G. Yanwythe .. 



death John Styles 
res. L. Boswell 



The Canons of the 
Coll. Ch. of Hastyngs. 
and Prebendaries ol 

, Wartelyng, Ninfield, 
and Hoo; Nicholas 
MookTng, Thomas 
Stondon, and Solomon 

IHywode 



The 

rThe same, bat now 
J oalled the Canons of 
} the King's free chapel 
vat Hastyngs. 



The 



\ Sir Anthy Browne, 

iKnt 

[The Bishop Qnre 

Idevolnto). 

I Sir Geo. Browne, Knt. 

I (po hac vice). 

John Foster (Armig)< 



On the first leaf of the Parish Begister, the names of the ministers sinoe 

1620 are given— 

Hr. Booebs, Curate. 
Mr. Stiles, Minister. 
Mb. Botten. 
Mb. Psbkenb. 
Mb. Chantlbb. 

Mb. Gilbb, who was sequestered, and during his sequestration these persons 
following were in the long parliament, and old Noll's time, put in one after the 
other, and took up the tithes, yiz.: — 

Mb. Wabneb. 

Mr, T.A1C1B, 

Mb. HABRisoir. 
Mb. Bushkel. 
Mb. Beitnbt. 



)* In exchange for the Vicarage of 
Aldham, which is about 8 or 4 miles 
westward of Colchester, in the diooese of 
London. Walter Bobert was inducted 
18th March, 1401, on the resig. of 
William Forth. NewoowrCi Bepert, 2, 
p. 6. 

1^ In exchange for the V. of Foumeys 
Pelham. Lond. Dioo. Pelham Fumeux, 



Herts, is a peculiar of the Dean and 
Chapter of St Paul's; the treasurers 
were patrons, i^. 1, p. 854. 

>• He was still Vicar in 1584, at the 
time of the Valor Eool., and was, there- 
fore, the last Boman Catholic Incum- 
bent. The Vicarage was then yalued 
at £8. 



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KOTES ON NINFIELD AND ITS REGISTERS. 



61 



Mr. Dblybs, now (1668) Vioar of Bezhill, was institated by the committee for 
probation of ministers, 1655. One, Mb. Cowpeb, supplied the vacancy till Mb. 
[Edwabd] Nathebt, instituted by Bishop King of Chichester, 1660. 

Mr. BOWTBB instituted *< by Bishop Juxon, Archbishop of Canterbury, " ratione 
yisitationis Metropol:" on Feb. 11, 1662. 

The registers and the Bishop's institution books, both name as the next vicar. 



1681. Dec 19 John Hammond,*' AJf. 

1708. Jany. 24 Geo. Carleton, Oler. 

1780. July 16 Gabriel Thome,'* Cler. 

1768. June 8 John Curtail, Ajf. 

1775. Sept 8 Alexander Lunan 

1785. Aug. 15 Robert Hare 

1882. July 24 John FhiUips, A.1L 

1858. Dec. 80 Geo. Rainier, A.B. 



f d. of John \ 
\ Hammond J 

cess. Geo. Carleton 

d. Gabriel Thome 



Icess. John ) 
Courtail 3 

d. Alex. Lunan 

d. Rob. Hare 

d. John Phillips 



{Lord Ashbum- 
ham. 

(John, E. of 
I Ashbumham. 
The same. 

The same. 

The same. 
I Dean 8c Chapt. 
( of Canterbury. 
The same. 



On the second leaf of the register is recorded a bequest of Mr. 
John Wenham, late of More-hall, deceased, of £4, to be distributed 
amongst the poor of Ninfield, January 26, 1667. Several 
other donations with their distribution are also recorded. 

On the third leaf appears : " The Revd. Mr. Tho. Delves, 
somtime vicar of this parish, and now vicr. of Bexhill, gave two 
pewter flaggons to the Church of Nenfield, to be used at the 
Holy Eucharist. The said Mr. Delves, in the yeare of our 
Lord, 1666, gave unto the said Church one new pulpit cushion 
of green broad cloth with silk fringe and tassells. 

" The green carpet for the table, the surpliss and the great 
chest in tiie chancell, to put the utensils that belong to the 
Church in, were bought at the cost of the parishioners. The 
chest and carpet was bought in the yeare of our Lord 1666, 
and the surpliss in 1670. One pewter bason for the font was 
bought at the charge of the parish by William Easton, church- 
warden, March 25, 1674." 



>< Hr. Bowyer, who was subsequently 
Vioar also of Sandhurst, was buried at 
KinBeld, on 28th Oct., 1681, two of his 
children having been Uiere buried on the 
11th of the preceding month of Sept 

>7 He was again instituted 12th April, 
1682. He also held Catsfleld, and was 
bu. 27th Feb., 1707. 

>• He was Curate in 1722., Seg., and 



was bur. at Burwash 24th Jan., 1768. 
On the first leaf of the Register are 
some obliterated notes, with a pen 
drawn through ; but it can be made out 
that Mr. Christian, 1732, an Irishman by 
birth, was, for certain irregularities, 
ordered by Bishop Hare to depart the 
Diocese.— Bobert Tennant, Curate, 1786. 



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62 NOTES ON NINFIELD AND ITS REOISTEES. 

Then follow the entries as to the bells already printed." 

In 1670 the following memorandum appears : — " On Monday 
night, the 26th day of December, 1670, there was a strange 
and unexpected tempest of thunder and lightning to the 
amazement of all tiiat heard it, which burnt down a 
stack of about 20 loads of hay, and one great barn full of com, 
of one Robert Wildings, in the parish of Bexhill; 8 quarters 
of barley out of 30 that was thrashed was saved; all the rest 
with wheat and pease was burnt." 

The old book of marriages, which extended from 1559 to 
1663, is not to be found. 

Among the burials are entered : — 

1669. June 8, Joseph T^sehurat, a boy, ** who on Whitsunday morning fell from 
climbing a magpyes nest^ and was smothered in a pond of mud, heels sticking up- 
right 

1670. January 6th, was buried Mary DubbinSi a mayd of Ashbuniham, who had 
bin lame in ber backe 12 years, and confin'd to her bed for the last 2 or 8 years of 
her life, not being able without the assistance of her neighbours to turn or help her- 
self, haveing about 12 runing sores in her back, and yet she held out thro* God*8 
mercy with patience unto admiration to the end. 

1673. Sept 24th, was buried William Iden, housekeeper, there being no knell, 
the bells being all taken down to be new hanged to goe on the sally. 

1678. Nov. 28th, Elisabeth, daughter of John and Alice fiowyer departed this 
life, and was buried December 1st, her knell being the first that was rung since the 
bells were hanged upon the sally. 

1674. Sept 14, was buried Edward Brown, of Oatsfield, who was by accident 
killed in stening of the church-house well at Nenfield, by a fall of the bucket, the 
eye of the rope that the chain did hang in, and part of tiie chain broke also. 

1675. Memorandum on April 8rd, being Easter Eve, Edward Cartwright hanged 
himself, and was buried on April 5th, at that comer of Crouch Lane that leads to 
Lunesfords Cross, and so to Bexhill and Hastings. 

Upon which Mr. Sharpe makes this note, " hence probably the 
popular superstition in the neighbourhood that this lane is 
haunted." 

In the year 1678, from the 1st of August, the Act for 
burying in woollen was in force. 

1687. April 5th, buried Elisabeth Hamman, servant to Thomas Jinner, who died 
by her dame^s much beating her with a housse flush ; the Crowner being set upon 
her, and the jury finding by the ill looks of the ded corps, and by the witnesses, 
gave their opinion that the dame was guilty of her death, whereupon she was sent 
to the goal, there to continue to the next sizess, who was then acquitted. 

» Suss. Aioh. Coll., ToL xvl^ p. 168. 

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NOTES ON NINFIELD AND ITS EEGISTEBS. 63 

Mr. Sharpe further observes that the register at this period 
is so ill-kept, and so carelessly written, as to be scarcely legible, 
and that nothing else appears worthy of record; but there 
were many leaves cut out, and every appearance of its having 
been extremely ill-used. 

At the end of the book is " The Terrier of Ninfield," dated 
1st March, 1746, and signed by R. Sampson and Wm. 
Budd, churchwardens, and states the glebe to consist of ^^ a 
bam and a field containing half an acre : and a green half an 
acre more or less." 

Among those who, on 20th May, 1681, inhabited the 
parish which had been so poverty-stricken in the middle of 
the 14th century, we find many persons following trades,** 
which shows a far more flourishing state, whilst the Iron- 
works were in progress in the neighbourhood. There were 
2 tanners, 1 innkeeper and shoemaker, 1 shoemaker only, 
2 builders, 1 mercer, 3 tailors, 1 wheelwright, 1 joyner, 
carpenter, and fiddler^ 1 carpenter only, 1 miller, 1 
blacksmith, 1 weaver ^^ 1 farrier; Mr. Nathaniel Mill, for- 
merly Mr. John Sone, schoolmaster; 1 cooper, 1 tripe wife, 1 
sawyer and carpenter, 1 sawyer only, and one bricklayer. 

Mr. Bowyer has entered a note in the register, under the 
date of 13th May, 1671, that Mr. John Sone, A.B., Catherine 
Hall, Cambridge, began to teach or instruct youth in the 
chancel by the leave and request of J. B. This is an early 
and favourable record of the care taken by a vicar for the 
education of his parishioners. 

w. D. c. 



*> Addl. MS., No. 6856, p. 31. this period in many of the parishes In 

» There was a weaver resident at East Sussex. 



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OLD SEALS OF THE CINQUE PORTS, 

Ain> 
NOTICES OF THE BARONS: TEMP. EDW. IIL 



By THOMAS ROSS, Esq. 



Since the publication of the first volume of the Sussex 
ArchsBological proceedings, impressions of two seals of greater 
antiquity than those engaved have fallen into my possession, 
yiz., a seal of the ancient town of Rye, and the Bailiff's seal 
of Hastings, before Elizabeth, in 1588, granted them a 
Mayor; and illustrations are now given. 

The seal of Rye is appended to a deed dated at Rye, 16th 
February, 1364 (28th Edward III.), and made between 
Walter Bydendenn and Paul Portesmouth, wardens of the 
Church of Mary, of Rye, who, with the consent of the Mayor 
and commonalty, gave, granted, and confirmed to William 
Tayllour, son of William, a messuage with the appurtenances 
which Robert Vycent, junr., formerly had from William 
atte Wysche, Chaplain, next the property of Roger Cornman 
and James Simon on the east, to the tenement of John Grove 
on the south, to the King's Street on the west, and to the 
place formerly of Alice de Hetheand the King's Street on the 
north, paying 2* yearly. The deed is witnessed by Henry 
Goldyene, then Mayor, Walter Saleme, John Corbolt, Bene- 
dict Sely, Walter Lucy, Robert Schepman, John Grabber, 
and others. 

The obverse has the sail furled instead of spread, with the 
moon and sun above the yard ; in the forecastle is a man 
rowing ; and both castles differ from the seal now in use. 

The reverse shows a Church with a central tower, and 
two end towers. The Virgin and child are above the door- 
way. The architecture is of an older date than that on the 
seal now used, and seems to represent a Church with tran- 
septs, of more noble proportions than the present, and pos- 
sibly the Church as it stood before it was burnt by the French. 
The inscription is also different. 

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OLD SEALS OF THE CINQUE POBTS. 



65 



The legend on the obverse is 

SIQILLVM : BABONVM : DE : RIA : 

and on the reverse the following, in rhyme : 

STRENYA : GENS : RIE : PRECE : FIET : SALVA 



MARIE 



TERRA DET ESSE 

The official seal of 
is of the time of Edw. 




; REAM : NEC : BiARE : PERDAT EAM. 

the Bailiff of Hastings, which 
II L is appended to a deed dated at 
Hastings, the 14th May, 1456 (34th 
Henry VL), being a deed quitting 
the claim of Roger Tayllor, one of 
the sons and heir of William Tayllor, 
and Alice his wife, formerly of Fil- 
sam, near Holynton, to John Tayllor, 
of Hastings, son of his brother, 
Richard Taylor, deceased, and all 
interest in a tenement in St. Cle- 
ment the Pope's,^ in Hastings, 
between the tenement of Robert 
Northym on the west, and a tenement 
of John Loye on the east, and the 
King's Street, which leads from the 
Market-place towards the house 
called the Court House on the south, 
and the land of the heirs of Richard Philpot on the north, 
which tenement was formerly Alice's, the wife. The bailiff's 
official seal was affixed because the deed was enrolled in the 
Hundred Court; the witnesses being Alan Honywode, John 
Goldeyn, Thomas Bestynden, William Thomas, William 
Lacy, and others. 

Taylor's seal was only a merchant's mark. The shield of 
the Bailiff's seal is oval, instead of the form given in No. 6 
of Vol. I., as the Mayor's seal, and there is a wivern between 
the seal and the inscription. The arms of Hastings are 
correct in both seals; the lion in the centre being entire, and 
the other two having the ship's sterns.* 

1 This is an unusual designation of 
the parish. It doubtless alluded to Cle- 
ment IV., who died 1268; the old 
ohurch was destroyed in his time. St. 
Clement the Martyr was Consul, ▲.D. 95. 
Another impression of the seal is 
affixed to a deed, dated 14th May, 1452, 
relating to a tenement in Hastings and 

XVII. 



Uollyngton, attested by John Grey, bai- 
liff, Roger Tayllor, Robert Northym, 
and others. The Tayler family bad been 
owners of the manor and advowson 
of Iden, which they sold without the 
royal license, circa., 1382. to the 
Dalyngrudges : pat. 6, Ricb. IL 



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66 OLD SEALS AND BABONS 

The Babons of the Ports, whether resident or not, as 
well as their widows and daughters, who owned lands, were 
free from contribution to the different subsidies for their lands. 
In the article* on Ninfield in the present volume, notice is 
taken of this. In the Nona EoU (1342) the names of all 
the resident Barons in Hastings, Rje, Winchelsea, and 
Pevensey are given.* The Hastings List has been printed 
in Vol, XIV, of our Collections, p. 71 ; the Rye list is given in 
the present Vol., post; and Mr. W. D. Cooper has printed the 
Winchelsea in his History of that town. I now complete 
the list with the names of the then Barons of Pevensey. 

PBVENSB. 

Simon de Hidenye Bioardiu Aleman 

JaooboB de Craule Thomas Simon de Batlesford 

Willielmaa Flour Johannes Schakelot * 

Lucas Skot Johannes Atte Beraelt 

Johannes Tut Johannes Helkere 

Bicardus Pelyng Willielmns Trapel 

Johannes atte Coumbe Kicholaus Mersale 

Johannes Manesyn Johannes Frye 

Johannes Molyn Willielmns Trapel, junr. 

Johannes Littlewatte Johannes Carpenter 

Stephanus Wittberd Simon Agstman [Eastman] 

Johannes Bertyn Johannes de Falham 

Alexander Bertyn Willielmus Oropp 

Luoas atte Broke Bobertus Cropp 

The list of the non-resident Barons in Sussex, or whose 
land, without the ports, was exempted from contribution in 
1342, has not been found; but from the subsidy roll of 1375,* 
I give the names in the different parishes. 

HUNDRED OF WYhYJXUOSli^Jeilffngtait, 

Bobert Ambrays William Lovecote 

John Lonford William Bertelot 

HUNDBED OF BSTBOUBNB. 

John Qardjrner 
HXTNDBED OF TiUhhE^BdiUesham, 
William Holt John Frie 

John Musket Nicholas Keppyng 

William Bertelot Wilham Alfyoh 

John Austman Beginald Longhe 

John Carpenter Bobert Stonleghe 

John atte Berghe John Lytelwatte 

Walter atte Wode William Lewyne 

Simon Bobie Henry Boloe 

s See ante, p. 59. oame from this district : see Fobs* 

* There is no list for Seaford, Judges, vol. ix., p. 255. 

• Scarlett. Lord Abinger's family « 49 Bdw. IIL, T. G., 24078. 



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OF THS CINQUE FOBTS. 



67 



Nicholas Frye 
Simon Wychoch 
Robert Sayer 
Alexander Bertyn 
Walter Osebam 



Simon Buakheye 
Roger WiUard 
The Same 
John tttte Lynd 
Richard Willard 



BUmoBED OF LANOBBBBQOE— TTylmyn^-t^n^. 
Adam atte Crooohe IK^lliam Gregory 

Reginald Alfryth 

HUNDRED OF TOXEXLJ^^Wertiffnge. 
William Floor John Bernard 

Robert Sofaavenore Roger Willard 

JohnLoDge 

HX7NDRSD OF GOSBTROUWB — Brede, 

Robert Lcmdoneys^ Alice Broneman 



Udimere, 



Bobert Londoneys 
Henry Barbur 
John Belchere 
John Frybody 
Thomas Sybbe 
Robert Harry 
John Jakeman 
Thomas Goupere 
William Dytelynge 
Ralph Bocher 
Simon atte Wode 
Peter Gk>beron 
Robert Herry 
JohnWhyte 
Joan Telynges 
Robert Oarpenter 
John Lydekyn 
Alice Brenhand 
Joan Crouchere 
William Crouchere 



Alan Monyn 
John Bircher 
Stephen Gartere 
Adam Flechere 
John Hony 
Robert Baddyng* 
Julian atte Fryth 
Agnes Hogeman 
Richard Herde 
John Elys 
Stephen Blyot 
Felice Storme 
William Mentel 
John Saleme 
Stephen atte W3me 
Robert Bemhand 
William Braket 
Lawrence Qurboyl 
Walter Vysour 



HUNDRED OF BALDESLOWE— 0r9. 



Agnes Thurbam 
William Andrew 
Henry Cely 

William Andrew 
Agnes Thurbam 
Thomas Sharp 
John Hallere 
William Bourne 
Robert Pryoard 

V First M.P. for Winohelsea. 



John Haller 
William Northynne 



WyUyng9, 



Robert Averay 
William Haylman 
Robert Rochel 
Walter Bezlee 
John Ichynton 
William Peytevyne 

• Of Rye. A ward bore hisname. 
K 2 



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68 



OLD SEALS AND BARONS 



HUNDBED OF OBSTLTNQ — OegtfynffS. 



Stephen Garde 
Alice Bronemaa 
John Frebody 
Robert Snuilhame 
Walter Henleg 
Richard Herde 



Roger Dovorr 
John Hanekot 
Simon Coteler 
Thomas Thonder 
Robert Harry 
John Ropere 
William Dydelynge 
William Martyn 
Thomas Sibbe 
Adam Parker 
William Ferier 



Thomas Sibbe 
Robert Harry 
Agatha Robynhood 
WiUiam atte Gate 
John Jakeman 
Richard Herde 
Thomas Hoberd 
John atte Ryde 
Simon Saleme 



Simon Saleme 
William atte Gate 
Agatha Robinhood 
William Coloppe 
Walter Aykrd 
Roger de Dovorr 
John Belohere 
William Northynne 
John EnoUe 
John^ Henry 
Peter atte Fenne 
Deonis atte Grange 



Robert Averay 
Richard Parker 
John atte Havene* 
Nioholas Parker 



William Jadde 
Henry Cely 
John Belchere 
John atte Clyve 
John lohyngton 



Ikketkawt. 



Pate. 



Simon Saleme 
Ralph Bocher 
John Prinuld 
William Barbour 
Robert Ichynton 
Thomas Copegrei 
Robert Baddyng 
Alan Monyn 
John Cobbe 
Thomas Lotekyn 
Robert Saleme 



Robert Arnold 
Thomas Thonder 
Agatha Glyvesevre 
Robert Clerk 
Robert Badding 
Vincent Bocher 
Alan Monyn 
John Crouhurst 



Ibrleghe. 



Robert Frere 
Thomas Lotekyn 
Agatha Ciyveshande 
Alan Monyn 
John Bveringe 
Thomas Tame 
John Oleve 
Agnes Thorfoam 
John Clereeende 
Henry Webbe 
Agnes Colleyes 
John Beniet 

HUNDBED OF BBXIB— ^m2^. 

Simon Coapere 
John Thomas 
John Wether 



* A portion of the parish of BezhUl, 
known as the liberty of the sluice, is 



still an outlying part of the town and 
port of Hastkigs. 



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OF THE CINQUE FOBTS. 



69 



HUKBBED OF OOlSPOBS^^^Wywbrfiffffe. 

Bobert Bocher LaureDoe Curboyl 

John Bertelot John Wattegh 

Peter Booher Simon atte Wode 

William Passelewe SibUla Pak 

John Saleme Paul Carponnter 

Alice Goldesene Alioe Bemhand 



Ebpe, 



John Marohaont 
John Berer 
Nicholas Panys 
Paal Porteemuth" 



Thomas Tayllour 
William Paaselewe 
John Dalot 
Simon atte Wode 



Bobert Garpounter Sibill Pak 

Boginald Bocher 

Somma totalis homlnmn quinqne portanm— ziij» nj* v^ ob q' 

Among the above will be found many familiar names; and 
the lists afford proof of a much larger number o]f holders of 
properly in several parishes than now exist. 

The name of *' Wittberd/' at Pevensey, is possibly that of 
the German family of " Weitbrecht," who have resided for 
many centuries at Schomdorf, and have been mistaken for 
the "Whitbread" family." 

The surname of "Robin-Hood" at Pett and Fairlight, is 
very curious, and would have made a valuable note to the 
late Rev. Joseph Hunter's 4th "Critical and Historical 
Tract," on "the ballad-hero, Robin Hood." 

The "Willards" appear at Hailsham; and a volume has 
been published at Boston, U. S. America, on that branch of 
the family which left Sussex and Kent for New England.^^ 



■<^ Now Goldspur. ■* See Notes and Qaeries, 8 ser., yii, 

11 He was warden of Bye CSiaroh in p. 85. 
1854 : see ante, p. 64. " Life and Times of Major Simon 

Willard, 1858. 



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THE PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF HAMSEY. 



By ROBERT CHAPMAN, Esq. 



Hamsey, a parisli in the hundred of Barcombe and the rape of 
Lewes, contains, according to the tythe commutation survey, 
2,761a. 3r, 28p. It is bounded by the parishes of Ringmer, 
Mailing, St. John-sub-Castro Lewes, Chiltington, and Chailey. 
There is no doubt that an inlet from the sea once flowed 
over a portion of Hamsey, probably as high as what is now 
called Hamsey Place farm, near the old parish church. 
Persons now living have seen an old Dutch Chart in which 
a Toll House is marked and described as ^^ Hams Plaas." 
This is supposed to have given the name to what is now the 
farm house called " Hamsey Place." 

The fact that an estuary of the sea covered a portion of 
Hamsey Parish, is also confirmed by the discovery of fossils, 
and other marine deposits, which at different times have 
been dug or ploughed up in the district. 

Few places have enjoyed a more varied nomenclature 
than Hamsey. Beginning Ham, it becomes Hame, Hamme^ 
Hammea ; and after the baronial family De Say settled 
there, it was written Hameaay^ Hemsey^ Hames-say^ Ham" 
mes-sayy and Hamsay^ reverting to the primitive spelling. 
All these of course mean the " place De Say." ^ 

The soil is chalk, marl, and clay; but the first predomi- 
nates. The parish embraces but a small portion of down 
land, the bulk of it being arable and grazing. 

The river Ouse runs through Hamsey, and out through 
the Lewes levels into the sea at Newhaven. It is navigable 
to Lewes for vessels of 200 tons; and some distance beyond 
the confines of Hamsey, for barges. 

The parish of Hamsey is intersected by two railways, 

I Inq. p jn. paadm. 

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THE PABOCHTAL HISTOKY OP HAMSEY. 71 

otherwise it would have heen very tranquil, as it is thinly 
populated. The bulk of the inhabitants are concentrated in 
the hamlet now written Off ham ; but which has been spelled 
Oakham, Wougham, Wodham, and Woham. 

The face of the district in which Hamsey lies when viewed 
from the road rui^ning northward from Lewes, or from 
the high ground on the downs to the left of the road, is 
more than pleasing. It presents a prospect of rich and 
varied cultivation, and of great extent ; enlivened by charm- 
ing village scenery and two picturesque churches. The 
river Ouse is a pleasing addition to the landscape ; and at 
certain times of the tide is no inconsiderable stream. After 
heavy falls of rain late in autumn it overflows its banks, 
and has sometimes the appearance of a lake. 

MANORIAL HISTORY. 

The first mention of Hamsey occurs in the year 925, when 
iBdelstane held a ^^Gemotte at Ham near Lewes, and the suit 
between Goda and Eadgyfee was again decided by public 
authority." ^ It is well known to students of Saxon history 
that these meetings of the Witena-Gemotte for judicial 
purposes were ordinary occurrences. 

The next mention of Hamsey occurs in Domesday-book, 
where it is thus described : 

" Ralph holds Hame of William. Ulceva held it of king 
Edward. It was then assessed at 25 hides ; it is now rated 
at 14 hides; for of the remainder, seven hides are included 
in the rape of Earl Morton (Pevensey); and four hides 
with-hold half a rood land in the rape of Earl Roger, 
(Arundel). At the present period the moiety of Ralph pays 
land tax for 13 hides; the arable is 13 plough lands; there 
are two ploughs in the demesne, and 16 villains, and 14 
Bondsmen, with 10 ploughs. There is a Church, 200 acres of 
meadow, a wood of 10 hogs, and 13 shillings of herbage. 
Hugh holds one hide of this district. Ralph half a hide. 
The total value in the reign of the Confessor was £20. It 
has since been reduced to £10, at which sum it is now esti- 
mated." 

* Codex Diplomat: iBvi-Saxon; No. 429, 



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72 THE PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF HAMSET. 

It were useless to enquire who the Ralph was who held 
"Hame" of William in 1080; William, the tenant in chief, 
was doubtless William De Warrenne. 

We will now turn our attention to the families who have 
held the manor of Hamsej ; and the first of consideration was 
that of De Sat, The De Says came to England with the 
Conqueror. They held lands in Shropshire, Norfolk, Suffolk, 
Bucks, Hertford, Essex, Surrey, and Middlesex. The name 
will occur to every reader in connection with Strathfield-say, 
in Hampshire, and with " Say's CJourt," Deptford; where 
they were located for a very long period as Lords of the 
manor of West Greenwich.' 

The first notice we find of the De Says in connection with 
Sussex is in the 26th Henry the 3rd, when *^ William De 
Say held 14 Knights' fees in Hammes, de Honore de War- 
renne/'^ Estimating the Sjiights' fee at the common rate 
of 100 acres, the Estate was then considerable, embracing 
half the modern parish. 

The De Says are a name in the Roll of Battle Abbey. In 
1083, Picot De Say was a leading person in Shropshire, 
where several members of the family, sometimes as tenants in 
chief, and sometimes as sub-tenants, resided. In Suffolk, 
" John De Say, Miles, of Risbrigg," distinguished himself by 
impeding the King's bailiffs in their endeavours to execute 
a writ* in the reign of Edward 1st. In the time of King 
John, the De Says reached the summit of fame; for Geoffrey 
de Say was named as one of the 25 barons on whom devolved 
the distinguished honor of seeing that the King observed the 
stipulations contained in Magna Charta. These 25, elected 
by the whole Baronage, are called by our historians ** Con- 
servators of the liberties of England." The people were 
sworn to obey them ; and such were their functions that they 

* Sa7*a Court wag oon^icuous in the his gardener yean of care to nonrish. 

topography of Charles 2nd*s time, as The house has long since disappeared ; 

the residence of the virtuous and en- its site is now the property of the 

lightened John Bvelyn. It was equally Crown, and was formerly known as the 

notorious in the reign of William the ^ King's Tobacco Ground, ** because 

drd, as the domicile of Peter the Great damaged and worthless tobacco was 

The Czar Peter found amusement and sent there to be burned, 

exerofse in trying to force a wheel- * Testa de Neville, fol. 222. 

barrow through the yew hedges, which » Rot. Hund., temp. Edward L 
it had probably cost John Evelyn and 



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THE PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF HAMSEY. 73 

formed in reality a regency for the government of the king- 
dom/ 

In the 17th of John, Geoflfrey De Say was appointed to a 
very honorable mission with Lord De Clare, Lord Fitzwalter, 
and four citizens of London, on the part of the Barons and 
people, to treat with the Bishop of Winchester, Wm. Earl 
De Warrenne, Wm. Earl of Arundel, and Hubert de Burgo, 
Justiciar, on the part of the King, on the matters respecting 
which these powers were at variance, with a view to bring . 
about a peace.' 

Geoffrey was succeeded by William De Say, a.d. 1231 • 
He was Governor of Rochester Castle, a.d. 1 260. In the 48th 
Henry 3rd, he was at the battle of Lewes, on the King's side, 
and fled after the defeat of the Royal Army. He died 
56th Henry 3rd, leaving William his son and heir. This 
Wm. died 23rd Edward 1st, leaving Geoffrey, his son and 
heir, 14 years of age, seized of the manors of Berlyng, West 
Greenwich, Burgeham, and Codeham, in Kent; Hammes 
Say, Sussex ; and Sawbridgeworth, Herts. Geoffrey, in 34th 
Edward 1st, was in the expedition to Scotland; and in 19th 
Edward 2nd, had livery of his lands ; he was summoned to 
Parliament 1st Edward 3rd^ after which, viz., 8th Edward 
3rd, he obtained the King's Charter for free warren in all 
his demesne lands within his Lordship of Greenwich, Dept- 
ford, Codeham and Berlyng, in Kent, with view of frank 
pledge, in-fang-thef and out-fang-thef, and divers other pri- 
vileges. Geoffrey died 33rd Edward 3rd, leaving issue by 
Maud his wife, daughter of Guy De Beauchamp, Earl of 
Warwick, William, his son, 19 years of age; and 3 daughters. 

Maud left a will, in which she bequeathed her body to be 
buried in the Church of Friars preachers— commonly called 
Black friars — in the City of London, near to Edmund, her 
beloved husband. She gave to the friars-preachers £10, 
appointing that no feast should be made on her funeral day ; 
but that after her decease her corpse should be carried to 
burial, covered only with a linen cloth, having a red cross 
thereon, and two tapers, one at the head and another at the 
feet; charging her son William, upon her blessing, that he 
should not do contrary thereto. 

« HiatorianB paasim. ^ GU. Rot Pat, foL 6. 

XVII. L 

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74 THE PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF HAMSEY, 

William De Say, who married Beatrix, heiress of the De 
Braose family ,** left a son John, a minor, who, at his death, 
6th Richard 2nd (1383), was seized of the manors of Burg- 
ham, Berlynge, West Greenwich, and Codeham, Kent ; Says 
manor in Havrichesworth, Herts; and Strete, Buxstede, 
and Hammes, Sussex. 

John left his sister Elizaheth, then 16 years of age, his 
heir.* She married 1st Sir John de Falvesley, who merits 
honorable mention for having assisted John de Cariloco, Prior 
of Lewes ; Sir Thos. Cheney, Constable of Dover Castle ; John 
Brocas, Esq., and other gentlemen, who, with a number of 
yeomen, resisted a predatory inroad of a body of Frenchmen. 
This event occurred on the accession of Richard 2nd, a minor, 
in 1377. The English were beaten; and the two Knights 
and the Prior were conveyed prisoners to France. Little 
more is known of Sir John de Falvesley, except that he died 
in 1392, S.F.M., and was buried on the left hand of the 
image of St. Pancras, in Lewes Priory, pursuant to his will, 
dated 8th Sept. 1392.'^ 

Elizabeth de Say married, secondly. Sir Wm. Heron. She 
died 8th July, 1399, and he on the 31st Oct., 1404, without 
issue." 

Both husbands of Elizabeth de Say were summoned to 
Parliament as Barons, Jure uxoris, but they were not styled 
Barons Say in the writsj* 

The Castle • or Mansion of the De Says stood at the east 
end of the Church, from which it was only divided by a 
road. The site is still clearly visible. The ground was well 
chosen for defence. On the north it was protected by a high 
and steep embankment, rising almost perpendicularly from 
the river Ouse, which wound round it, and formed a foss on 
all sides except the west; and on the west it was approached 
by a rising ground, which would materially assist in its 
defence. The foundations of the Castle were visible when 
the present tenant took possession of the farm. Mr. Elliot, 
writing to Sir Wm. Burrell, 30th March, 1777, says — 
*' Within my memory the foundations of the outer walls of 

• See Braose pedigree, Suss. Aroh. " Soss. Arch. Coll., vol. viii., p. 100. 

CoU.. viii., p. 102. i> Sir H. Nicolas* Peerage, vol ii., 

9 Dug. Barooage, Yol. i., 511-2. p. 874. 
«• Ibid., vol. ii., pp. 172. 

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THE PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF HAMSET. 75 

the ancient house were visible, but are now wholly removed ; 
and the area of the buildings containing rather less than half an 
acre is ploughed bj the tenant, who told me that the plough 
had dragged up several parts of the old stone window and 
door cases now appropriated to other uses."*' 

Elizabeth de Say and her first husband made a feoff- 
ment of the manor of Buxted to Thos. Brewes (Braose), 
Knt., a relation of her mother. Sir Wm. Heron, by his will 
dated the day before his death, viz., 30th Oct., 1404, ap- 
pointed "Sir Robert Pebelow, parson of Westboum; Sir 
Peers, Vicar of Bourne, feoffees of the Brewose his lands 
which fell to the Lady Elizabeth de Say his wife by inheri- 
tance, to deliver all those lands unto his next heir on the 
Brewose his side, charging them as they would answer it at 
the day of doom to complete an hospital which was begun at 
the Church of Buxted for six poor or four men at least, and a 
chantry priest to govern them ; that the priest to have for 
his support 10 marks per. annum." The hospital and even 
the records of it have now disappeared.** 

By deed dated at Hamsey, 12th Nov., 1400, Thomas 
Creewe, released to William Heron, Esq., and his heirs, all 
his right and interest in the manor of Hammes.'^ 

Sir Wm, Heron held all the De Say Estates until his 
death. Elizabeth his wife had died seized to herself and her 
right heirs, the Says, only of the manors of Hammes holden 
of the Earl of Arundel by knight's fee; of Buxted; and 
of Strete, holden by virtue of a fine levied to her use. 

Two Inquisitions, P.M., one held at Steyning, 28th Feb., 
1405, the other at Ditchening, 28th March, following, found 
Wm. De Clynton, Chevalier, son of John de Clynton and 
Idonea de Say ; 2nd Maria wife of Otho de Worthington, 
and her sister Matilda, daughters of Thomas de Aldon, 
Knt. ; 3rd Roger de Fiennes son of Wm. de Fiennes, son of 
Wm. de Fiennes and Joan de Say, to be heirs of the said Eliza- 
beth de Say.»« 

The arms of De Say were -^Quarterly or. and gvles. 

^' BumirB MSB. fell to Roger de Fiennes, but which does 

^* Su88. Aroh. Coll., vol. ix.. p. 217. not include Hamsey, was conveyed to 

n Rot. Clans. 2 Henry IV., part 1, 8ir John Pelham, 20ih Sept., 1405. Inq. 
m. 26, dorso. p.m., 6 Henry IV. Addl. MS., 6485, 

t« The custody of the portion which fol. 73. Suss. Aroh. Coll., voL ill., p. 100. 

L 2 



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76 THE PABOCHIAL HISTORY OF HAMSEY. 

William de Clynton, being seized of his purparty of the 
manor of Hamsey, 6th Henry IV., was summoned to Parlia- 
ment as Lord de Clynton and Say froaoi 23rd Richard II. to 
9th Henry VI. inclusive. He died 30th July, 1432, (10th 
Henry VL)" 

The family of De Clynton is one of much note in English 
history. The founder of it came into this county with Wil- 
liam the Conqueror; and his descendants have been con- 
spicuous in many stirring events both at home and abroad. 
The branch which inherited Hamsey kept it for a short 
period only ; but they became distinguished in the reign of 
Elizabeth in the person of Edward, Baron Clynton, created 
Earl of Lincoln, 4th May, 1572; Lord High Admiral and 
K.G. He died 1585.^** The Earldom of Lincoln ultimately 
merged into the Dukedom of Newcastle, in which peerage it 
now forms the second title. 

This William Lord Clynton,*^ who died in 1432, assigned 
all his right in his manor of Hammes-say to 

Reginald Kentwode, Dean of St. Paul's (ob. Oct. 144L), 
Robert Andrew, John Vampage, and John Hody. 

This assignment*^ was simply a feoffment or putting 
in trust in common use before the Statute of Wills (32nd 
Henry 8th) : and accordingly, 

John de Clynton, son of William," born in 1410, succeeded 
his father. Being at that time in France with Richard, 
Duke of York, he was taken prisoner, and so he continued 
for six years. The large sum of 6,000 marks was demanded 
for his ransom ; and King Henry 6th, by way of assisting 
him to pay the amount, granted him a licence to employ 
agents to buy 600 sacks of wool, and 600 pieces of woollen 
cloth; the wool to be sent to Lombardy via Southampton; 
the cloth to be transported to any foreign country." 

This John De Clinton was summoned to Parliament from 
29th Henry 6th (1450), to the 38th Henry 6th (1460) ; 
but having revolted against Henry, and joined Edward 4th, 

■f' Dug. Bar. Ferrers, of ChartlCTr, Esq.; John Weston; 

"T" Collins* Peerage. and William Hall (no doubt of Halland). 

T« Rot aaus., 9 Heniy VI., m. 2 and 5. ^ Esch., 10 Henry VL, No. 86. He 

^ There was a previous feoffment, also died seized of the manor of Buck- 

and the feoffees were John Staffurd, sted, in Sussex. 

Bishop of Bath and Wells ; Edmund » Dugdale's Bar., vol. i., p. 542. 



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THE PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF HAMSEY. 77 

he was attainted, and his honours became forfeited 1460. He 
fled to the Continent with his new master, came back with 
him, landed at Ravenspur, and died bravely fighting at the 
battle of Bamet, 1471. 

This John De Clinton, by deed dated 1st Nov., 1449 (27th 
Henry 6th), granted to his kinsman, Sir Jas. Fenys (Fiennes), 
Lord Say and Sele, the title and arms of Lord Say for ever.** 

He was succeeded by John Lord Clinton and Say, who, 
by a covenant between him and Sir Henry Willoughby, 
dated 20th May, 1484 (1 Richard III.), in considera- 
tion of £200, sold to Sir Henry his manor of Hamme-say, 
alias Hammes et Heynstrete; and afterwards, by his charter 
of the same date, under his seal of arms and sign-manual, 
the said Lord gave and granted to Sir Henry Willoughby 
(then an Esquire), John Ferrers, Knight, John Higforde, 
Kichard Brakebrige, and William Repington, Esq. (inter 
alia)^ the same manors, lands, and tenements, to be held to 
the use of Sir Henry Willoughby, and his heirs for ever.'* 

The Jurors, on an Inquisition, in 1506, found that John 
Higforde, John Ferrers, and Richard Brakebrige, had died, 
leaving Sir Henry and William Repington surviving. 

The Jurors also found that the manor was holden of 
George Lord Bergavenny, and others, as of their Barony of 
Lewes; the Jurors did not know by what service, but it was 
worth 40s. a year beyond reprisals. 

Notwithstanding this covenant, however, John De Clinton, 
son of the last, applied to the Court of Chancery,** either late 
in the reign of Henry 7th, or early in that of Henry 8th; 
(for he died in 1515, 6th Henry 8th), whilst Cardinal 
Archbishop Morton was Chancellor, to the following effect : — 

"^ To the Right Rev. fader in Qod my Lord Curdinal, ArohhlBhop of Canterhury, 
and Chanoellor of England, 

Humbly Sheweth unto your good Grace your true Orator, John Clynton, Lord 
Clinton and Say; wheF the same your Orator is seized of the manor of Hamsey, 
in the County of Suaaex, the manor of Tydrington, in the County of Gloucester, and 

» Dug. Bar. Wm. Panter, Ralf Brodehede, Thos. 

*« Inq. taken at Lewes, 14 June, Walters, Richd. Athale, Walter Steyning, 

1506, by Willm. Tyndall, Esch. Yirtute Wm. Smyth, John Meryman, Thos. 

Officii,and the following 22 jurors: — John Hunter, B^chd. Flinte, Wm. Parkebone, 

Wamget, Willm. Hyll, Rob. Small, John and Nicholas Hales. 

Waryner, Jas White, Stepn. Johnson, <^ Miscell. Chano, Proceed : Hen : 

EdcB Bull, Richd. Smarte. John Moreys, YIL and VIIL, co. 146. 
Bobt. Strode or Strate, Wm. Goodyere, 



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78 TUB PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF HAMSET. 

Boleshall, in the County of Warwick, in his demeanez as of fee. So it ia, Graoioiu 
Lord that all the Evidences, Charters, Scriptes, and Menimentes concerning the 
[said] manors, and every of them bein the possession and keeping of Ann, the late 
wife of John Clinton, late Lord Clynton and Say, &der of your said Orator, and of 
Thomas Willicote, and the said your Orator oftoi and many times hath required the 
said Ann and Thomas Willicote to deliver unto your said Orator the said Evidences, 
Charters, Scriptes, and Menimentes, which to do, they, and eider of them have 
always refused and yet refusyn against all right and good conscience, and forasmuch 
as the said Evidences, Charters, Rescriptes. and Menimentes, be in noo chest lokkyd, 
nor in noo bag ensealed so that the contents of them to your said Oratour is un- 
known ; therefore the same your Orator is without remedy by course of common lawe; 
p^easeth it therefore your Gracious Lordship the premises tenderly considered to 
grant unto your said Oratour several writs of Subposna to be directed to the said 
Ann and Thomas Willicote commanding them and eider of them by the same to 
appear afore the King in his Court of Chancery at a certain day and under a 
certayn payn therein to be lymited there and then further to do therein as shall be 
thought by your Oracious Lordship according to right and good conscience, and 
your said Oratour shall dayly pray to God for the continual preservation of your 
good Lordship long to endure. 

Plegg' de prosecutione Humfridus Hayden, de London, gentleman. 
Ricardus Reyman, de eadem, yeoman 
(In dorso) Coram Domini Rege in 
Cancellaria sua a die pasohe in XV dies.** 

Tt does not appear what was the result of this appeal to 
Chancery. This John died 4th June, 1514 (6 HenryVIIL), 
and was succeeded by his son, Thomas, who only lived until 
the 7th August, 1517. (9 Henry VIII.) Thomas was suc- 
ceeded by Edward, who, being next heir to the late Lord 
De Say, arrived at full age (28 Henry VIII,), and was set 
in place of Lord Say and Sele.** 

Arms of De Clinton — Arg. 6 cross crosslets Jitchhe ; on a 
chief az.^ tioo mullets or. pierced gtUes. 

The family of Dudley, however, occurs as possessed of the 
manor of Hamsey in 1503-4. (19 Henry VII.) This is pro- 
bably the family which was settled at the time at Bargham, 
in the Hundred of Poling. Alianora, widow of John 
Arundel, owner of Arundel Castle, died 1455, and bequeathed 
" to Lady Dudley, my sister, wife of John Lord Dudley, 
K.G., a row of Pearls." Another of this family was Pre- 
bendary of Fittleworth, 1513.*^ 

Edmund Dudley, Arm., held the Barony of Lewes, 26th 
Dec, 1508. (24 Henry VII.) He gave, by writing of that 

M Dag. Bar., p. 588. " Dallaway's West Saaaez, fol& 145, 

87,845. 



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THE PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF HAMSEY. 79 

date, to trustees £20 per ann., out of the manor of Hamsey, 
to the Free School of Southover.^ In the list of Incumbents 
of Hamsey, which I have obtained through the courtesy of 
W. H. Freeland, Esq., it will be seen that Edmund Dudley, 
Esq., owned the advowson, and presented Jas, Daddesley to 
the living, 4th April, 1505. 

The family of Lewknor, which comes next in the manorial 
history of Hamsey, is well-known, and was very conspicuous 
for a long time in this county. In 1463 (7 Edward IV.), 
Thos. Lewknor represented Lewes in Parliament; but the 
Lewknors** first appear possessed of Hamsey temp., Henry 
VIII. I have enquired carefully into the connection of this 
family with Hamsey, from a presumption that they may have 
been connected with the altar tomb in the Church. 

In the extent of the manor taken on the death of Edward 
Lewknor, Esq., who had been Escheator of Sussex in 1523, 
and who died 1529 (20 Henry VIII.), it was found that 
there descended to Edward Lewknor, his son and next heir, 
then elei^en years of age, the manor of Hames-say, als. Ham- 
say, with the advowson of the (Jhurch of Hamsaye, and the pas- 
ture of 1000 sheep in Hams, Wougham, Barcomb, Ny timber, 
and Chiltington ; above £20 yearly to be paid to the " Scole 
Master" of Lewes, holden of Thomas, Duke of Norfolk, Anne, 
Countess Derby, George Nevill, Knight, and Lord Ber- 
gavenny, as of their Barony of Lewes by Knights' service, 
worth per annum £30. Thomas West, Lord La Warre, and 
others stand and be seised to the use of the said Edward 
Lewknor, Margaret his wife, and the Executors of the said 
Edward, to the 3rd day of October, 1542, for the perform- 
ance of his last will. Sum total of his estate, £100 per 
annum.** 

Edward Lewknor, the son, was admitted student of 
Gray's Inn in 1536;'^ and it will be seen that he presented 

*• Burrell MSS. qaoting Bowe M8S., ^ Burr. MSS., Surreys, Courts of 

p. 111. Wards ftud Liv., fol. 170. b.; and Inq. 

** Iliey were owners of the manors p.ni., 20 Henry YIII., No. 41. 

of Rottingdean, and Bolbroke in Hart- '■ His brother Anthony was admitted 

field, and of lands in the same parishes; at the same Inn in 1542. 
and also in PreHlon, Amberley, Worth, 
Warplesborne, and Hide. 



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80 THE PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF HAMSEY. 

Thomas Helior, Clerk, to the living of Hamsey, 1555 (2 
Mary Tudor). 

This Edward Lewknor became Groom Porter to Edward 
VI. and Mary ; but having taken part against the latter, he 
died in the Tower,^^ 25th June, 1556 (2 Mary). That 
Queen, however, granted to his widow, Dorothy, for life, his 
manors of Hamsey and Kingston Bowsey, and land in Ham- 
sey andWoham'^ (Offham;) and Queen Elizabeth, in the 
third year of her reign, granted to their eldest son, Edward, 
the reversion after her death.** The four sons and six 
daughters were restored in blood by Act of Parliament (1 
Elizabeth, (1559). In 1563, Thomas Lewknor, A.B., was 
presented to the living of Hamsey by the Diocesan, "Jure 
devoluto " It appears to have fallen to the Bishop by 
lapse. 

The Lewknors were located in various parts of Sussex, 
and intermarried with many of the county families. Giles 
S' Barbe, who was Rector of Hamsey, 1555, married Eleanor, 
daughter of Edward Lewknor. Like most wealthy families, 
they endured many reverses of fortune. Thomas Lewknor, 
of Preston, was summoned for Knighthood at the coronation 
of Edward V., 5th June, 1483, and was made a Knight of 
the Bath at the coronation of Richard III. and Queen Anne. 
Sir John Lewknor was one of the Knights present on the 
latter occasion ; but was attainted in the same year for having, 
after the landing of the Earl of Richmond at Plymouth, 
assembled men-at-arms, and made traitorous proclamation 
at Maidstone (18th Oct., 1483), Eochester (20th), Graves- 
end (22nd), and Guildford (25th), in company with Sir 
George Brown, of Bletchworth, Sir John Gilford, of Rol- 
venden. Sir John Fagg, of Ashford, and others. But the 
Act was repealed, 1st Henry VII. The Lewknors fought 
and bled at Tewksbury and Bosworth field. Edward 
Lewknor, who was attainted in Mary's reign, had become 
obnoxious to her Grovemment for some cause. Possibly 
he was concerned, or was suspected of having been 
concerned, in what Strype calls ''a new conspiracy*' 

M Machin*8 Diary, p. 108 ; Htrype*8 »* Memoranda Roll, 8 Bliz^ Trin. 
eool. mem., vol. iiL Term., Na 48. 

» Bot. Pttt 

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THE PAROCHIAL HISTOBY OF HAMSBY. 81 

against Philip and Mary — ^being one of the assumed plots 
for the prevention of foreign influences in England, which 
followed Wyatt's rebellion. Although he, no doubt, was 
of the Reformed faith (as he held an honourable office in 
the household of Edward VI.), the fact of his attainder and 
the restoration of his family in blood on the accession of 
Elizabeth implies that his offence was political. 

Thomas Lewknor, of Selsey, with many others, was sus- 
pected by Bichard Curtis, Bishop of Chichester, in 1576, of 
Popery, and his citation for examination, 24th March, 1576, 
was one of the charges of over-zeal made against that Prelate, 
and against which, on petition of Sir Thomas Palmer, Sen., 
Knight, Richard Ernley, Esq., Thomas Lewknor, Esq., and 
others, he had to defend himself in 1577." 

The Lewknors suffered for their loyalty to Charles I. In 
1651, Christopher Lewknor, Recorder of and M.P. for 
Chichester, was voted guilty of treason to the Common- 
wealth, and his lands were ordered to be sold, 16th July, 
1651.»« 

The arms of Lewknor — Az. three chevronels argent. 

The manor of Hamsey passed from the Lewknors to the 
Alfords, most probably near the end of Elizabeth's reign : for 
in 1594, the public records have a note of some dealing with 
the manor, although the particular roll to which a MS. 
index (Palmer's) gives a reference, cannot be identified. 

The family settled at Offington, in the parish of Broad- 
water, about the time mentioned; John Alford having 
purchased an estate there from*William West, of the family of 
Lord La Warre. Thomas Alford represented Lewes in Par- 
liament, 1585 (27 and 28 Elizabeth). Henry Alford was 
M.P. for Arundel, A.D. 1628; and his brother. Sir Edward 
Alford, in 1640. Sir Edward was on the King's side in the 
Civil War; and being in the capitulation of Exeter, in 1649, 
was severely fined by the Commonwealth. The amount of 
his fine for Offington was £1503 15s.; and in the estimated 
annual value of his estates, it was set down at £190." 

» Stiype'B Ann^ vol. ii., pt 2, pp. 70; Bxcerp. Hist, p. 884; Rot Pari., 4, 

22, 116; and Soss. Arch. Coll., yoI. iii., 245b, 278b; BoealBoNoiioesof Amberley, 

p. 102. poet 

M Boobell's Acts, 166; Gam. Soo. Pab. *7 Dallaway's West Sussex, p. 208. 

XVII. M 

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82 THE PABOCHIAL HISTORY OF HAMSET. 

In the particulars of the Royalists' estates, that of Sir 
Edward Alford was, on 4th July, 1649, reported: — 

" That by virtue of a conveyance made by his brother, 
John Alford, Esq., deceased, he is seized of a frank tene- 
ment for his life; the remainder to his first, second, and 
third, and every other of his sons, in tail ; the remainder in 
fee to the right heirs of his brother of and in the manor of 
OflSngton, in the County of Sussex, of the yearly value of 
£190. That from and after the decease of Mrs. Frances 
Alford, relict of his said brother, John Alford, there will 
come and remain to him a like estate for his life of and in 
the manor of Hamsey, in the said County of Sussex, of the 
yearly value of £500." 

Out of the said manor of Hamsey, he craves allowance of 
£20 per annum to the "Scheie of Lewes" for ever; and £50 
per annum, for 21 years, to John, son of William Alford, 
granted by deed, bearing date 3rd Feb., 1648, by his said 
brother, John Alford, Esq.*® 

Whilst Sir Edward Alford was compounding for his 
estates with Parliament, the manor of Hamsey was placed 
in the custody of Henry Goring de Higden, arm. ; Henry 
Goring, of Burton, arm. ; and Edward Badly, gent. The 
Alfords, however, recovered the manor at the restoration of 
Charles 2nd. 

The Alfords intermarried with some of the best families in 
the county. John Alford married Frances, daughter of Sir 
Thomas Bishop, of Farham. Mary Alford, baptized at 
Broadwater, Dec. 15, 1649, married Sir Thomas Wenham; 
Elizabeth, her sister, baptized 27th March, 1671, married 
Richard Bridger, Esq. of Hamsey. John Alford, their 
brother, of CJoombe,'^ died S.F. 1744, leaving his nephews, 
Wenham and Bridger, his heirs; but by his will he devised 
the manor of Hamsey to John Wenham, Esq., of Beckenham, 
Kent. John Wenham left it to his natural son of the same 
name ; and in default of heirs, to his godson, Geobqe Wenham 
Lewis, son of the Rev. Mr. Lewis, of Westerham, Kent. To 
this last the manor devolved in 1773, and by him it was 

'• Bpyalist Ck)mpo6itioii Papers, ii, *• Ne&r OfGmigtoiL 
810. 

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THE PABOCHIAL HISTOBT OF HAMSET. 83 

sold, in 1777, to Mr. Joseph Mighell, yeoman, the tenant of 
Hamsey Place Farm, the advowson being sold separately to 
Sir John Bridger. 

In 1786, the manor was purchased by Thomas Whallet 
Partington, Esq., of Offham, in whose descendant it remains. 

The Alfords bore — Gu. six pears or. a chief of the last 

FAMILIES. 

Besides the manor itself, the De Says held other lands in 
Hamsey and the adjoining parishes, which, after the death 
of William De Say, passed into other hands. 

In 1426 (4 Henry 6th), the estate of Thomas, Earl of 
Arundel, was divided by the Court of Chancery amongst his 
three sisters and co-heiresses — Elizabeth, the wife of Sir 
Gerard Uflete; Johanna, Lady Abergavenny, and Margaret, 
the wife of Sir Rowland Lenthal. Through the last, Lenthal 
had seven Knights' fees in Hamsey, Barcombe, Strete, and 
Nytimber, estimated at £35 per annum, which William De 
Say lately held. In consequence of Lady Uflete's death S. P.^ 
her portion was equally divided between her sisters. In 
1433, we find that John, Duke of Norfolk, died seized of the 
same portion as Lenthal;.^ in 1440, Beatrix, Countess of 
Arundel, had assigned to her as dower 14^ fees in Hammes, 
Barcomb, Strete, and Nytimber, formerly belonging to Wm. 
De Say;^^ and in 1464, dower was assigned, of the same 
property, together with the manor of Seaford, and land in 
Beningden, to Alianora, wife of John, Duke of Norfolk.** 

Other families had also lands in the parish. 

The subsidies give us the names of many owners of pro- 
perty who were not connected with the manor. Those of 
1295 and 1327 have the names of all the hundreds and 
parishes in the county, and are in excellent preservation. 
That of 24 Edward I. has been printed.** Both subsidies 
of 1 and 6^ Edward III. divide the hundred of Bercompe 
into three Boroughs, north, middle, and south. In the sub- 
sidy of 1327 the Villata de Southbergh^^ in which Hamsey 

«• Inq. pjn., 11 Hen. VL, No. 4ft. «* Soss. Aroh Ck>ll., toI. ii., p. 288. 

«i P)., 18 Hen. VI., No. 28. ^ Sabeidiee Beoord Office, E.B., 518. 

♦• lb., 4 Bdwd. IV., No. 69. 

M 2 

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84 



THE PABOCHIAL HI8T0BY OF HAMSET. 



and the out portious of St. John's, Lewes, are included, we 
are given the following names and assessments : — 



* John Ooaxtray 


. ?• 11* 


WilLOokeden - - - 


12* 


Nioh. Tithelegh - - 


. 6- 


WiU. ateWoche - 


12* 


•Will, atfce Rye - 


. ?• 2* 


Bob. atte Holte - 


12* 


♦Walter atte Ctonre 


12* 


Bich. de Lamporte«« 


2F 


♦Earl Warenn for Alyngton" 


. 10- 71* 


Balphde White - 


. 2- 


Will. Paget . . 


2" 


John Ditebrocher - 


■ 2- 


Gatcho. de Sunoh - 


e* 


Walter de Suggeworth - 


. 6- J* 


Reyn. de Sunoheburgh - 


. y 


•Bich.ateBergh - - 


. 2" 


♦John de Waynyngore** - 


12* 


Bob.Afote . • . . 


12* 


Nich.de Pioombe - 


. 7« 111* 


♦Bioh^Page - . . . 


. 2« 


♦Thorn, ate Wyke - 


12* 


Simon Norohden - 


12* 


Bdm. Perchynne - 


12* 


Balph Lychemond - 


.10- ** 


Bob. Begg - 


- 22J* 


Will de Flegenham 


6* 


♦Nich. Bulloke - 


. 2- 


John Bard - 


6* 


WiU. le Smal de Falende 


- y e* 


Balph ate Bergh - 


12* 


♦Idonia de Say - 


- 20» J* 


Bich. ate Beche«7 . 


. » 2* 


Begina Nasseday • 


- «• IJ* 


Bob. Causeys - 


- e« 8* 



The ten names which are mtirked with an asterisk occur 
again in the subsidy of 6th Edward IIL, but there are 
some others, and I therefore print it, as well for compa- 
rison as to the persons, as to the many changes of property 
which took place within so short a space of time. The 
return for the South Borough*® is: — 



YdoniadeSay 


. 20* 2* 


Walt atte Ck>iir - 


2F 


John de Wamyngor 


8* 


Nich. the Eighelar 


8* 


Symon Noider - - - 


8* 


Nich. the Baker - - 


12* 


Will, de Brykeden - 


2« 


Balph atte Oke - 


2« 


Will.leSmeth 


6» 


Nioh. Bulloch . . . 


12* 


Bobert atte Holte - 


12* 


Balph Oghemoand 


10« 24* 


Earl Warenn 


. 12- 7i* 


Boger Smyohewyk 


. 2- 2* 


Ad. Norohynne 


Ifi* 


Bioh. atte Beche - 


. 4» 


Bio. atte Sonne 


. 2« 8* 


Bich. Page 


. » 


Bio. de Lamporie - 


. 2- 6* 


Bob. Affode ... 


12* 


John de Lamporte - 


- 2- e* 


Bich. atte Berghe - 


16* 


Simon atte Werohe 


- 2« 


Thom. atte Wyche 


12* 


Bobert Boger 


- » 


Matada Nasseday . 


- » 


Will atte Werohe 


12* 


Will, atte Bye 


. 2« 6* 


John Carteray 


. W 8* 


Mich, de Pyoombe 


- 9» 41* 


Thorn. Shephurde • 


12* 







«* These names of places are still re- 
tained. 
^ Now called Landport 



*^ Now called Beeohwood. 
«• Subsidies, H. G. H., 9. 



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THB PAROCHIAL HISTOBY OF HAMSEY. 



85 



Very little information is to be obtained from the Sussex 
subsidies till 1542-3, when the names are much changed. 

The subsidy of 14th-15th Henry VIII. (1523), contains 
the names of all the persons assessed in the entire hundred; 
but in the returns for 1543 (34th and 35th Henry VIII.), 
Hamsey stands by itself,*® and we find the following persons 
assessed, all being for goods, except where otherwise 
stated : — 



Thomas Sherman in lands - 


yj" 


The same Thomas for the . 




John Balyard 


iiij" 


stock of Alex. Brigg 


_ii 


John A Wood - 


xx» 


xemaing in his handes 


X" 


William Denton in lands 


XXX* 


as an orphan 




James Haselgroye 


iij" 


JohnTailler - 


vju 


William Brache - 


xx« 


Thomas Murche 


iiij" 


Edward HaselgroTO - 


xx« 


John Pajme 


iy« 


William Johnson 


xx« 


William Payne 


xH 


William A Beche 


XX* 


Richard Adams 


iU« 


Nicholas Mahbe 


xxx" 


John Shulder - 


x« 


Thomas Coke 


iiij" 


John Markewike 


0^ 


Eohert Sligher (or Slevher) . 


yU 


Alan Markewike - 


. xxiij-iiij'i 


Nicholas Prior - 


xxjn 


John Randall - 


c« 


Edward Bowlandson - 


xx" 


William Dedes 


xl« 


Peter Saunder - 


VJH 


John Baker 


xx« 


William Randoll thelder - 


xviji* 


John Ranfiftll • . • 


xvigtt 


William Markewike - 


lx» 


Thomas Beche - 


xl« 


Thomas Wickham 


vij»i 







In another return for the second half of the same subsidy," 
we hare the following additional names all in goods : — 



John Page 


Uy" 


Thomas Wykham for a 
stock of Gregory Wright 


ixtt 


Roger Stoier 


. - iiijtt 


Thomas Markes • 


iiy" 


Richard Ward - 


xx« 


John Balcar 


. . iijii 


Anton! Randall 


xx« 


Thomas Balcar - 


xl» 


Thomas Randall 


xx« 


John Bridge 


xl» 


Walter Doyley 


xl« 


John Hndstm 


xl« 







This subsidy of 1543 contains the name of Nicholas Mabbe 
as the person owning the largest property. In the wills at 
the Prerogative Court, we have that of this person or his son, 



^ Suhsidies, 84 and 85 Hen. Vm^ 
J. P. a, 8188; T. G., 44, 442. 



«• ttid, J. P. a, 8188. 



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86 



THB PAROCHIAL HISTOBY OF HAMSBT« 



dated 2nd August, 1590, in which he is described as of 
Lewes, in the county of Sussex, yeoman. An abstract may 
be interesting : — 



" FiTBtf I bequeath my soul to Almighty 
Ood, and my body to be buried in the 
parish Chnroh of Hamsey . Item : I give 
to the poor people twentie shillings.*^ He 
giyes to each of his children's children 
ten shillings ; and to his well beloved 
wife, Thomasine Mabbe, £100. He then 
wills that his lands, &c., called liathie 
Alfriston, and all his lands and tene- 
ments in Alfriston, shall be sold for the 
pajrment of his debts and legacies. He 
gives his house and land at Cooke*s 
Bridge, occupied by Bichard Striddall, to 
Tbos. Longley, his 8on-in-law,and Susan, 
his wife, and Nicholas, their son, during 
their lives, then to Nicholas Langley, 
their son, and his heirs in lieu and 
recompense of a certain debt of a hun- 
dred marks, ** which I owed him for his 
marriage money. Item : whereas I owe 
to Qeorge Hdder, of Lewes, £12 : I will 
the same shall be paid to him.** He then 
gives unto his wife an annuity of forty 
shillings, issuing out of his lands called 
Mathie Alfriston, according to grant 
made by him, and theretofore made to 
ThoB. Dawson, to her use ; but If she 



should reftue to release to Thos. Colstock, 
or his heirs, her dower in lands, &c., 
which Colstock had purchased of him 
in Hamsey, then the legacy of £100 and 
her annuity were to cease and be void« 
He gave unto Wm. Harden, his late ser- 
vant, £5 in full recompense ** of all such 
wages I owe to him.** ** Then I will 
that John Baggate shall have the house 
he dwelleth in during his life freely, 
without paying any rent therefor. Item : 
I will to Henry Thornton £3 68. 8d., 
which I owe unto him. Item: I give 
unto my sinter Awbome, £4 of current 
money, yearly, during her life,** to be 
issuing out of his tenements and lands 
called Stoners, in the occupation of 
Boger Keme, in Hamsey, which were to 
be sold subject thereto for pajrment of 
my debts and legacies. ** Item : I give to 
Mary Cooke, my daughter, Bebecca, her 
child £20. [And finally, of this my 
last will and testament, I ordain and 
make Edmund Pelham, Bsquire, execu- 
tor, in presence of Thos. Dawson, and 
Thomas Caiewe, senr.]** 



Thos. Cromwell, Earl of Essex, had a grant of lands, 
lately part of the possessions of Lewes Priory, which were 
forfeited on his attainder;^' and came again to the Cro?m. 

In the subsidy (3rd Charles I.) 1627, the names of the 



•I This win has been entered twice 
in the Begister, the first one wanting the 
latter clause enclosed in brackets. The 
dates of the probates do not correspond. 
The first probate being 15th August, 1590, 
commission of Administration granted 
to Thomasine Mabbe, relict of the de- 
ceased, in the person of Thos. Isles, no- 
tary public, her proctor. The second 4th 
Sept, 1590-1, commission of Administra- 
tion to Thomasine Mabbe, relict of the 
deceased, as also to Thos. Dawson, of the 



town of Lewes, notary public (Edmund 
Pelham, Esq., having renounced) ; in 
the person of Thos. IbIcb, notary public, 
their proctor. 

*' In the Ministers' Accounts, 1st 
Edwd. YL (Sussex, No. 95), Monking 
Washe was among the late possessions 
of Cromwell, then in the hands of the 
Crown, and was described as then " late 
in the tenure of John Taylor, and then 
of John ." 



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THE PAROCHIAL HISTOBY OF HAMSET. 



87 



landholders'^ are alone given. Hamsey appears by itself, and 
these are returned as the landholders : — 



WUliam Marquiok 




- 40» 


8* 


Thomas Killingbedk 


- 20^ 


4* 


William Kempe - 




. 80- 


6* 


ThomaM Brikden - 


- 20- 


4* 


John Auoock 




. 20» 


4* 


BobertCowleetook- 


. 20» 


4* 


John Beaoh • 




- 20» 


4* 


Thomas Jenkena - 


- 20» 


4«* 


Edward Midleton 




- 20« 


4* 


John Constable 


- 80» 


6* 


William Enelam - 




- 2(f 


4* 


Thomas Mora 


. 20» 


4* 



The families of Beche and Brickden alone re-appear after 
an interval of three centuries. 

Monking Washe was granted on 17tli June, 1631, to 
Oliver St. John and others," John Thrale also held^ lands 
here, in Barcombe and St. John sub-Castro, Lewes; which, 
as he was a recusant, were on the 3rd Nov., 1630, granted 
for 41 years to Thos. Michelboume; and in the year 1631 
Philip 6ennett levied a fine of lands in this and other parishes 
in Sussex, which had been the property of his late father, 
Philip. 

The last record to which we can refer for old names is that 
of the return made in 1675 (15th Charles II.), on the col- 
lection of that most unpopular tax, the Hearth-tax money. 
Unfortunately, in the rape of Lewes a remnant only of the 
return is preserved ; but under Barcombe hundred, in which 
Hamsey and St. John's are returned together, we have a 
few of the persons mentioned : — ^ 



Mr.Ni£ellBiver8,Esq. - 


. 12 


John King 


. 8 


Mr. Richard Bridger, Esq. • 


. 14 


Will. Thetcher - - 


- 4 


Mr. Smyth . . . . 


- 8 


Samael Hawkena . . . . 


- 8 


John Middleton . - 


. 2 


Nicholas Bennett . . . . 


• 6 


Samuell Midmore - 


. . 16 


-mdd. Ellis 




Edward Manfield • 


- 4 


Jane Morris - - - - , 




Charles Smyth 


- 11 


Will. Fryars 




BdwardVerraU - - • 


. 9 


(Membrane destroyed from this). 





BiVEBa — Among the chief families who have lived in 
Hamsey, although not Lords of the Manor, that of Bivers 
is now to be noticed. They were of the ancient knightly 



u 8ab6.,J.B.O., 18702. 
M Bot Pai, 7 Ghos. L, p. 4. 



•• T. G., 46.1 



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88 THE PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF HAM8EY. 

house of that name, settled at Chafford, in the parish of Pens- 
hurst, Kent. Their lineage is of the wellknown baronial 
family, temp. Edward 4th. 

The name was originally written Ripariis and Riveries. 
Sir George Rivers was a trustee for the Southwell's property 
in Sussex, in 1606 ; and Dr. Thos. Rivers was a Justice of 
the Peace for the Rape of Pevensey, in 1633. 

The first of the family, however, to be met with in 
Hamsey, is Jas. Rivers, who was settled at Coombe sometime ' 
before 1641, for that was the year of his death. He was the 
eldest son of Sir John Rivers Bar*, and his wife Dorothy 
Potter, whose family consisted of four sons and three daugh- 
ters. James, the eldest son, M.P. for Lewes, 15th Charles 
Ist, married Charity,*^ daughter of Sir John Shirley, of Isfield. 
They had four sons and eight daughters; of whom one of the 
former, and four of the latter, appear to have died young. 
James died in his father's life time, and did not therefore attain 
to the title, or to the ancestral estate of Chafford.*^ 

Nizell (Nisell, or Nigell), brother of James, lived at Offham 
(then written Oakham), and was distinguished after the res- 
toration of Charles 2nd, as a zealous royalist. He was a 
magistrate, and rigidly enforced the laws against the quakers 
and other Separatists in Lewes.*® I believe Nizell was 
Member of Parliament for Lewes, 1st Charles 2nd, although 
the name is printed Nicholas.*^ He married the widow of 
one of the Culpepper's, but died without issue, January 1694, 
aged 82.*^ 

Nizell and his brother George presented John Short, A.M , 
to the rectory of Hamsey, 1674. George Rivers was M.P. 
for Lewes 1st Charles 1st. 

Sir Thos. Rivers succeeded his grandfather. Sir John, and 
probably resided, partially at least, at Coomb, for he died 
1657, and is buried in the Chancel of Hamsey Church. 

*> Buried at Hamsey, 9th May, 1656, ' who married Charity, daaghter of 

within the oommunioD rails. Sir John Shurley, of Isfield, in the 

" He was buried in the Church of St. County of Sussex, Ent, and had 

Bartholomew the Great, Smithfield, Lon- issue four sons and eight daughters : 

don. The following is the inscription on ob. 8 June, 1641." 

his tomb:— •• Suss. Arch. Coll., vol. xvi. Art, 

" Here lieth the body of Jas. Rivers, Sufferings of Quakers. 

Esq., son and heir of Sir John ^ Horsefield's Lewes. 

Rivers, Bart, of ChafEord, Kent^ ^ Buried at Hama^, 11 Jan., 1694. 



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THE PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF HAMSEY. 89 

These notices of deaths lead to the inference that the con- 
nection of the Rivers family with Hamsey ceased on the 
death of Sir Thomas; but the family continued at Chaflfordfor 
another generation. 

Sir George Rivers, nephew of Sir John, married Dorothea, 
daughter of Sir William Beversham, of Holbrook Hall, Suffolk, 
KnV* by whom he had a family of four sons and seven 
daughters; but, according to Collins, having survived his 
sons he left his estate to his surviving daughters. Hasted,*' 
however, an excellent authority, informs us that Sir George, 
who married Dorothy Beversham, left his estate of Chafford to 
five natural children. The legitimate family disputed the 
will, and the estate was sold by direction of the Court of 
Chancery, in 1743. It passed into the hands of Wm. Saxby, 
of Horsted Keynes. The Baronetcy still exists, " Sit faus- 
tum-que felix." 

The arms of Rivers, of Chafford, and Hamsey, Az. two 
bars indented; in chief 3 Bezants. 

Bridgers. — One of the daughters of Jas. Rivers and 
Catherine Shirley married a Bridger, of Westerham, Kent, 
and probably about a.d. 1660. 

The Bridger family removed from Ashurst and Warming- 
hurst," and settled at Coombe, near Lewes, temp. Charles 
2nd. Richard Bridger, Esq., of Ashhurst and Coombe, 
born, A.D. 1620, was Colonel of the Sussex Militia, and M.P. 
for Lewes, from 1679, 20th Charles 2nd, until 1694. He 
married Frances, daughter of Walter Burrell, Esq., of 
Cuckfield. 

Colonel Bridger seems to have enjoyed the confidence of 
his constituents in an enviable degree, for in his Parlia- 
mentary connection with Lewes, which lasted fifteen years, 
his expenses at each of his elections were limited to the 
supply of a hogshead of cyder." 

in the eventful reign of the Second Charles, little of the 
time of a country gentleman was spent in attendance in 
Parliament. The Kmg troubled his faithful Commons as 

•« GollinB* Bar. •• Vide pedigree in Dallaway's Weet 

» Ha8ted*8 Kent, vol. iii, p. 261, Suasex, yol. ii., p. 265. 
which contains the Biyers' pedigree. ** Information received from the Bey. 

Sir 0. C. ShifEner, Bart 

xvn. N 

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90 THE PABOCHIAL HISTOBY OP HAM8BY. 

little as possible; and seldom after the beginning of his reign, 
unless he wanted money. The time of Colonel Bridger 
would, therefore, be chiefly spent at Coombe in the discharge 
of magisterial and social duties. 

The severe laws passed against Separatists from the Church 
in the first Parliament of Charles the Second, created many 
informers, and imposed onerous and disagreeable duties on 
humane persons in the Commission of the Peace. In August, 
1675,** Colonel Bridger fined several Quakers for holding 
meetings ; he does not however come down to us as a magis- 
trate who loved persecution, but rather on the contrary, as a 
humane gentleman who enforced the laws only from a sense 
of duty. 

Some traces of Colonel Bridger's life at Coombe may be 
found in the journal of his brother-in-law, Timothy Burrell, 
Esq., of Ockenden House, Cuckfield." 

Mr. Burrell notes his frequent visits to Coombe in a 
manner agreeably illustrative of social life in England at 
that period: — " August 1, 1687. I spent in my journey to 
Coombe, 18s. ; and I lost 8s. at cards there. Paid Harry 
Bridger the legacy given him by my father, £5. December : 
Spent at Lewes and Coombe, £1 13s. Od. 1695: I had 8 
bushels of wheat from Colonel Bridger, for which I am to 
pay him 4s. 6d. the bushel. It was dusty, musty, and short 
of measure; so that it was not eatable. Mem. : He sent me 
5 bushels of malt, at 14s. the quarter, slack dried." 

Many other quaint entries — allusive to the family at 
Coombe — occur in this interesting journal of Mr. Burrell, 
which every one will read with pleasure who has a taste for 
the history and habits of merry Old England. Col. Bridger 
died 1698, at the ripe age of 81, and was buried at Warm* 
inghurst. 

The Bridger family femained at Coombe little distinguished 
from other families of the same rank, and became connected, 
by marriages, with many names of note in the county. 
The first of Knightly rank was Sir John, who had the 
honour conferred upon him at the coronation of George 

•* Sues. Aroh. OoU^yoL zvi, p. 86; entertaining and instrootiYe paper, edited 
ft carious paper. with admirable explanatory notes, by B, 

^ Suss. Arch. CioU., vol. ilL: ft very W. Blencowe^ Esq. 

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THE PAEOCniAL HISTOBY OF HAMSBT. 91 

the Third, 1761. The family terminated in an heiress, 
Maryj bom 12th December, 1765, who carried the estate 

S' marriage into the family of the Shiffiiers,. of Pontrylas, 
erefordshire. 

Arms of Bridger — Arg. a chevron engrailed between three 
crabsj gu. 

Shiffnebs. — Henry Shiflftier, Esq., married Mary, daughter 
and heiress of John Jackson, Esq., of Pontrylas, and of the 
Honourable Elizabeth Bellenden, his wife. Mr. Jackson died 
Governor of Bengal, 25th March, 1748. 

Henry Shiffner, Esq., was M.P. for Minehead, and died 
30th May, 1775, leaving George Shiffner, Esq., his heir. 

George Shiffner, Esq., was bom in 1763, and in 1790 
married Mary, sole heiress of Sir John Bridger, Knight, of 
Coombe, on whose death he succeeded to the estate, jure 
uxaria. Sir George was created a Baronet, 16th December, 
1818. He represented Lewes in four Parliaments, and died 
3rd Feb., 1842, in the 80th year of his age. Sir George 
had a family of three sons and four daughters. The eldest 
son, John bridger Shiffner, was in the 3rd Foot Guards, 
and served under the Duke of Wellington in the Peninsula. 
He had obtained the rank of Captain, when he fell mortally 
wounded in repelling a sortie of the garrison at Bayonne, on 
the 14th April, 1814, at the early age of 25. 

Sir Henry Shiffner, Bart., Admiral, R.N., sueceeded his 
father in 1842. He was a county magistrate, and much 
esteemed in every relation of life. The philanthropic dispo- 
sition of Sir Henry led him to take an active part in pro* 
moting the religious and temporal welfare of all around him. 
Among his other good deeds, not the least was his having, 
in conjunctioE with the present Sir George Croxton Shiffner, 
Bart., found the means of providing the parish of Hamsey 
with a new church in a convenient situation, when the old 
one became, from dilapidation, unfit for further use. Sir 
Henry married Emily, daughter of Thomas Brooke, of 
Churchminshall. Cheshire, and died without issue in 1858. 

Sir Henry was succeeded by his brother, the late Rev. Sir 
George Shiffner, Bart., Vicar of Amport, with Appleshaw, 
Hants, and Prebendary of Chichester, who married Eliza- 

N 2 

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92 THE PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF HABiSET. 

beth, daughter of the Rev. Croxton Johnson, of Wilmslow, 
Cheshire. On account of his clerical duties at Amport and 
Chichester, Sir George was seldom resident at Coombe; nor 
was his tenure of it of long duration. He died November, 
1863, and was succeeded by his eldest surviving son, the 
Eev. Sir Greorge Croxton Shiffner, Bart., the present re- 
spected Eector of Hamsey, who married Elizabeth, only 
child of John Greenhall, Esq. of Middleton Hall, Lancashire. 

Among the articles of vertu at Coombe, there is one of an 
historical character, which deserves mention, viz., a ring, 
bearing miniature^ of Charles II. and Queen Catherine. It 
will be recollected that the King embarked for France, at 
Shoreham, on the 14th October, 1651, in a ship commanded 
by Captain Nicholas Tettersel. The captain was rewarded 
after the Restoration, by a pension of £100 per annum for 
99 years, which was paid for 50 years, or until 1710. Be- 
sides this, the King gave his faithful captain the ring already 
noticed, which has descended to Sir George Shiffner through 
the Bridger family. Susan, grand-daughter of Captain 
Tettersel, married Dr. Peter White, of Lewes, and their 
daughter, Mary, married John Bridger, of Coombe, Esq., 
whose grand-daughter, Mary, married the first Sir George 
Shiffner, Bart. 

The execution of the miniatures does not say much for the 
state of the Art in the days of the Second Charles; but the 
likeness of the King is enamelled. Besides the rewards 
already mentioned. Captain Tettersel had an honourable 
addition to his arms of a lion passant quardant or. on a chief 
azure. His arms were a ship in fvll sail; in base^ a sea 
proper. Captain Tettersel lived after the Restoration to 
distinguish himself as a loyal man and a magistrate. He is 
buried in the Parish Churchyard, Brighton, where his well- 
known tomb may be seen in good preservation, bearing the 
inscription which has so frequently been printed as to render 
its repetition needless.*^ 

Arms of Shiffner — Az. a bend sin. in chief two estoiUes 
in like bend^ or. in base the end and stock of an anchor^ or. 
issuant from waves of the seappr. 

^ Amongfit othen vide Erridge^s Brighton, p. 104. 

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THE PABOCHIAL HISTORY OF HAMSET. 93 

ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY AND CHURCH 
NOTES. 

We have seen from the extracts already given from 
Doomsday-Book, that there was a Church in Ramsey Parish 
before the Conquest. Like most of the Saxon churches, it 
was probably built of wood. The church, which was doubt- 
less erected on the decay or destruction of the one mentioned 
in Doomsday-Book, is itself so far dilapidated as to be unfit 
for public worship, and is now only used as a cemetery 
chapel; the ancient churchyard being still the final earthly 
resting-place of the parishioners. 

An elegant modern church has lately been built in the 
hamlet of Offham, chiefly by the exertions and munificence 
of the late Sir Henry and the present Rev. Sir Greorge 
Croxton Shiffner, Baronets, the situation of which has been 
chosen with a view to the greater convenience of the parish- 
ioners, the population of the parish having long been located 
in this hamlet, half-a-mile south of the original church 

The venerable parish church, of which I propose to give 
an account, was doubtless dedicated to St. Peter, although 
this has been questioned, chiefly from an inscription on one 
of the bells. As in other instances, the dedication might 
have been renewed and altered when the present tower was 
built in the 15th century. 

The living is rated in the King's boots at £16 12s. Sjd. 
In the Inquisitiones Nonarum (15 Edward 3rd), the wheat 
is valued at 11 marks; fleeces, 10s.; lambs, 3s. 4d. The 
church was taxable at 20 marks. The rectory garden (cur- 
tilage), and croft enclosing the same, were worth 3s. 4d. per 
annum. There belonged to the church three virgates of 
arable land in glebe, worth 40s. per annum, and ten acres of 
meadow, worth 20s. per annum, or 2s. per acre. The tenth 
fine (a money payment due to the rector) was worth 10s. 
per annum ; a columbarium belonging to the church, worth 
10s. per annum. The ofierings were worth 40s. per annum. 
Ten acres of pasturage and crops were worth 20s. per annum ; 
pannage, 12s. per annum. The tenth portion, belonging to 
the Priory of Lewes, was worth 18s. 4d. per annum. In the 



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94 THE PABOCHIAL HISTORY OF HAMSEY. 

taxation of Pope Nicholas (A.D. 1291), Hamsey is rated at 
£13s. 6d. 8d. 

The church is well situated on a piece of land gently 
rising from the surrounding country. The river Ouse flows 
around and near it; and with the help of a cutting or canal, 
insulates it from the adjacent landscape. The outline of the 
church is a nave and chancel, with a solid western tower 
well covered with ivy. From its richness of colour, it must 
attract the attention and please the taste of every one pos- 
sessed of the least portion of artistic feeling, or sensibility to 
the charms of a rural landscape. 

The church ^as, in all probability, built by the De Says, 
in the 13th century. The nave and chancel are of that date ; 
and the letter S, reversed over the piscina, in the south wall 
of the chancel, is considered as a proof of this origin. The 
tower — a restoration or erection of the 15th century — is so 
well built of stone that it will stand for ages. The nave and 
chancel (of flint) are of the Early English character, and 
have not been injured by repairs. The east window is an 
insertion of about the period when the tower was built; in 
other respects, the church remains without alteration. 

In the patent roll of 1396-7 (20 Rich. II.) we find a notice 
of sacrilege in this church, by William, the parson of the 
church of St. John-under-the-Castle, of Lewes, and other 
persons. They were charged with going by night into the 
parish of Hammys-say ; and on the highway, at a place called 
Le Wyke, they took William Payn, of Baldesden, who was 
riding there, and robbed him of 10s. in silver. On the same 
night he (William, the parson) entered the close of John 
Pycombe, in Hammys, put a ladder to the window of the 
house and broke it, with the intention of stealing the goods, 
but fled on an outcry being raised by Pycombe's wife, and the 
arrival of the neighbours. He stole a chalice belonging to 
the parishioners, worth 30s., out of the church. He also 
entered the house of Henry Brigge, in the parish of St. 
Kicholas, Lewes, and stole a brass pot, sixteen tin vessels, 
three bushels of wheat-malt, and six bushels of barley-malt; 
and in a desert place, called Bobbelegh, and in his own 
manse, he held meetings with unknown persons to plan 



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THE PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF HAMSET. 



95 



roliheries: for all of which, nevertheless, he obtained the 
king's pardon. 

With the exception of a neat altar tomb, with a well 
finished canopy or arched recess over it, there is little of 
architectural interest within the church. 

The chancel arch is a plain semi-circle ; and to the south 
of it there is a narrow opening, also with a semi-circular 
head, which, at first sight, might be taken for a hagioscope, 
but which could not have been so used, — inasmuch as the 
host, when elevated, could not have been seen from the floor 
of the nave. 



:^ML. 




This, **The Founder's Tomb, or the De Say Tomb," 
has excited the curiosity of many antiquaries. Mr. 
Elliott, a lawyer and antiquary of the last century, writing 
to Sir William Burrell, the 30th March, 1777, has these 
remarks : — 

** The space of the left wall, within the communion rails, 
is occupied by a very handsome raised monument, enriched 
with Gothic ornaments, of which I have procured a drawing, 
by Lambert, jr. It has been too often whitewashed, so as to 
impair the neatness of the carving. There is no inscription 
to denote the person to whom it was erected. The shields in 



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96 THE PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF HAMSET. 

front are quite plain and smooth. I am inclined to think it 
was set up between the reigns of Henry 6th and Henry 8th, 
within which periods the profusion of Gothic ornaments 
were in the height of their reputation, and began to decline : 
a period too late probably for any of the family of De Say 
to be buried there, as they had been long ennobled, and by 
grants and alliances in other counties, which occasioned 
several changes in their places of abode. There have been 
other families of note in this parish, viz., Rivers "* 

Mr. Elliott visited the tomb the 7th August, 1776. 

The tomb itself may have been erected as early as 
the 14th century, at the close of which the De Says con- 
nection with the manor ceased. This outline of tomb may 
be found as early as the 13th and as late as the 16th cen- 
tury. The work of the canopy, however, is certainly (as Mr. 
Elliott conjectures) of the Tudor period. In the opinion of 
at least one able critic,* the canopy was erected more than 
one century after the tomb was completed. In the absence 
of date, arms, or inscription of any kind certainty cannot be 
attained; but from its position and tradition, which assign 
to it the name of *' The De Say or Founder's Tomb," the 
probability is that it was erected to one of that family. Some 
difficulty, in coming to this conclusion, will be removed if it 
be admitted that the canopy, or upper part, is of a different 
date from the body of the tomb. 

If, however, we enquire, to what other family than the 
Founder's this interesting monument was erected, Mr. 
Elliott's conjecture as to the Rivers family is certainly in- 
correct. They were not connected with Hamsey until the 
early part of the 17th century, James Rivers, firat of them, 
having died, vit& patris, 8th June, 1641.^** 

In the parish church of Selmeston, there is an altar tomb 
so exactly like the one at Hamsey that they could scarcely 
have been erected independently of each other. The one at 
Selmeston, as the inscription indicates, was put up in 1532, 
to the memory of " Dame Beatrice Braye, sometime the wife 
of Sir Edward Braye, and daughter of Balph Shurley, of 
Wiston, and wife of Edward Elderton." 

M Burrell MSS., No. 6698. t' Hasted'e Kent: Riren' pedigree. 

» Edwin Nash, Eaq^ F.SJL 

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THE PABOCHIAL HISTORY OP HAMSEY. 97 

The next likely family to the Founder's is, I apprehend 
that of Lewknor. Edward Lewknor died seized of the manor 
of Hamsey, A.D. 1528J* Richard Lewknor, of Trotton, 
took possession of Selmeston, in right of his wife, shortly 
before 1546. Again, Edward Lewknor owned the advowson 
of Hamsey, and presented Thomas Helior, Clerk, 13th June, 
1555^* (2 Mary Tudor). Further, Thomas Lewknor, B.A., 
was presented to the Rectory of Hamsey by the Bishop of 
Chichester, jure devoluto, 21st March, 1563. 

In the chancel of the Church of Kingston-by-Sea, near New 
Shoreham, there is an altar tomb, the body of which is a 
precise fac-simile of that at Hamsey ; and it is equally with- 
out inscription or arms. It is known as ^^ The Lewknor 
Tomb," temp. Henry 7th." 

These coincidences, and the fact that the Lewknors held 
the manor of Hamsey for about a century and a-half, may 
lead us to conjecture that the tomb at Hamsey was put up in 
memory of some member of that family : possibly to the one 
who was Groom Porter to Edward 6th, and who died in the 
Tower, 1556.'* 

Within the communion rail lie several of the Rivers family. 
One slab is inscribed : " Here lieth buried the body of Sir 
Thomas Rivers, Bart., who departed this life Dec. 8, 1657." 
On another slab is inscribed "C. R., May 2, 1655." [This 
is Charity, wife of James Rivers.] For James, buried Dec. 
16, 1692, Nizell, Jan. 11, 1694, no inscription is visible. 

On the east end, over the communion table, is a marble 

monument, with this inscription : — 

H s B 
Dep 
Johannes Shore per XLVII annos 
HujuB EcclesisB reotoriB. 
De quo plurima dicenda sint 
Bt multa dicta easenfc— 
Ne TiTus proeceperat nil aliud 
Marmori insoribi 
Piraeter 

fi Inq. pan. at Lewes, 21 Jan., 87 ^* Maohin's Diary, p. 108. Strype's 

Henry VHI. Bco. Mem., vol. ili. 

^ Pedigree of Lewknor, Suss. Arch. ^^ The characters are not correctly 

Ck)ll., vol. ill. formed on the slabj but the words meant 

» Gartwright's West Boasex, ^ 84. are doubtless Zeoh. ill, t. & Vide Sep- 



toagint. 

xvn. 



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98 THE PAROCHIAL HISTOBT OF HABiSET. 

The Arms of Shore — Ar.^, between a chevron^ three leaves 
vert. Crest, a Stork reauard: holding in its dexter claw a 
pebble on the Sea Share J^ 

On the south wall of the chancel is a moral monument to 
the Rev. John Wenham, Rector, who died 12th August, 1773, 
aged 33. 

Arms — Party per paU^ ar.^ and gu. on a chief az. a lion 
passant gvxirdant ar. 

The following monuments commemorate the Bridger 
family : — 

At the east end of the nave : 

Dame Bebeooa Bridger, wife of Sir John Bridger, Knt, of Coombe, and oo-heireas 
of John Elliott, Esq., of Croydon, who died 25th Dea, 1803, aged 79. 

Also, to Sir John Bridger, Ent, who died 15th Dec., 1816, aged 88. 

The following monuments commemorate the Shifiher 
family : — 

On the north wall of the chancel : 

To the memory of Henry Shiffner, Esq., of Pontrylas, Herefordflhlre, H.P. for 
Hinehead, who died 80th May, 1775. 

Also, to Mary, his wife, daughter and co-heir of John Jackson, Bsq., GoTemor of 
Bengal, 1747 ; and of Eliiaheth Bellenden, his wife, who died 12th Maroh, 1814, 
aged 78. 

Also, of Thomas Shifiher, youngest son of the ahove Henry and Mary Shiffiier, 
who died 28th Feb., 1800, aged 82. 

Also, to Isabella Harriet Shiffiier, relict of the above Thomas Shifiher, who died 
at Budleigh Salterton, May 22, 1845, aged 74. She was buried in the Parish Church 
of Budleigh Salterton, Devon. 

On the south wall of the chancel : 

To the memory of Sir Oeorge ShifEher, Bart, of Coombe, son of Henry Sliiffiier, 
Bart, of Ooombe, son of Henry Shiffner, of Pontrylas, Herefordshire, who repre- 
sented Lewes in four Parliaments. He died 8rd Feb., 1842, in the 80th year of 
his age. 

Also, Maiy, his wife, daughter of Sir John Bridger, Ent, of Coombe, who died 
let June, 1844, aged 79 year& 

On the north wall of the chancel : 

To the memory of Captain John Bridger Shiffiier, of the 8rd Foot Quards, son of 
George and Mary Shifiher, of Coombe, who fell mortally wounded in repelling a 
sortie of the Garrison at Bayonne, April 14, 1814, at the early age of 25. 

-» Burr. MSS^ 5698. 



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THB PABOCHIAL HISTORY OF HABISEY. 99 

On the north wall of the nave : 

To the xnemoiy of Thomas Partington, Esq., who died 5th April, 1841, aged 80 ; 
and to Penelope Anna, his wife, who died 28th Deo., 1841, aged 83. 

Also, to their joongest daughter, Henrietta, who died 11th April, 1849, aged 87. 

On the north wall of the nave : 

To the memory of Sir John Hutton Cooper, Bart., of Walcot, Somersetshire, M.D., 
F.B.S., F.S.A, Lieut-Col. 2nd Regiment Somersetshire Militia, and M.P. in two 
Parliaments for Dartmouth. Bom at Sleaford, Lincolnshire, Deo. 7, 1765 ; died at 
Brighton, 24th Deo., 1828. 

Also, to Maria Charlotte, relict, and only daughter of Sir George Baker, Bart , 
M.D., F.B.S. She was bom 7th March, 1774 ; died 7th Feb., 1842. 

On the north wall of the chancel : 

Sacred to the memory of Frances, who died 18th Jan., 1826, aged 14 years ; also, 
of Elisabeth, who died 18th May, 1840, aged 80 years ;— daughters of Henry and 
Dorothy Quy, of Hamsey Place Farm, in this Parish. 

Also, of the above-named Henry Guy, who died Sept. 16, 1845, aged 58 years. 

The Register begins 1583. 

The annexed list of Incumbents^ differs from those 
already published; but it has been compiled from the Bishop's 
Registers, in the possession of H. W. Freeland, Esq., late 
M.P. for Chichester. Its accuracy may, therefore, be relied 
on. The blanks I have been unable to fill up. 

The deprivation of the Rev. Samuel Norden, and nine other 
" preaching ministers," who were deprived by Archbishop 
Bancroft, at East Grinstead, in 1605, will not surprise those 
who are acquainted with the ecclesiastical events of that time. 
The Archbishop, it will be recollected, was distinguished at 
the Hampton Court Conference for his opposition to the 
Puritans; and his Arch-Episcopate was rather remarkable 
for the vigour with which he enforced Church discipline. 
Forty-nine ministers were deprived by him in a short period 
of five years J" 

The Rev. Edward Wood, who succeeded the deprived Rector 
Norden, has a name in the social history of the time. In the 
year 1620 (17 James L), a voluntary contribution was made 
of arms, horses, and military accoutrements, to the Crown, by 
the clergy, on the requisition of the Bishop of the Diocese.^^ 

" Kindly furnished by Mr. Stephen ^» Biog. Brit. Art, Bancroft 

Parsons. ^ BurreU MS., 5702, fol. U7. 

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100 



THE PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF HAMSET. 



In the Roll of the several armouries and furniture, sup- 
plied by the clergy within the Archdeaconry of Lewes and 
Deanery of Mailing, " set and appointed by the Right Rev. 
Father in God, Greorge Lord Bishop of Chichester, 4th July, 
1620,'' Mr. Edward Wood, " Parson of Hamsey,'' contri- 
buted a musket. Some of the clergy who held two bene- 
fices, sent a horse each; some a corslet; in other instances, 
where the livings were probably small, two or more would 
join to furnish a musket. 



LIST OF INCUMBENTS. 



date of 

ADMISSION. 


INCI7MBBHT. 


HOW VACANT. 


PATRONS. 


1478. 

1605. April 4 

1621. May 24 

1566."jan" J8 '" 
1667. 

1668. March 21 

1606. Sept 26 

1674. Aag. 21 

1681. Jaly 6 

... ... ... ... 

1722. Oct. 8 

1762. Aug. 6 

1766. March 81 

1778. Oct 29 

1784. Oct 28 

1818. June 
1848. Dec. 


ThoB. Bui3r8 
Jas. Doddesley 

Jno. Rowlandson, cap. 

Giles St Barhe 
Thos HeIior,cler. 

Ralph Jackson 

Chris. Gryne 

Thos. Lewkenor, a.b. 

rSamuel] Norden 

Edwd. Wood, 8.T.P, 

John Liyersidge 
John Shore, a.m. 

Michael Johnson 

John Shore 
John Fortrie, a.m. 

John Davis a.m. 

John Wenham, a.m. 

Henry Hemmington, d. 

William Gwynne, a.m. 

George Shifher, am, 

f George Croxton ) 
l Shiftier, A.M. J 


deith T. BtnyB 
d. J. Doddesley 

res. G.'st'Barbe "* 
... ... ... ... ... 

... ... a*. ... ••• 

— Chris. Giyne 
dep. Norden 

d. J. Liversidge 

... ... ... ... ... 

••• ... ... .. ... 

d. John Shore 

d. John Fortrie 

d. John Davis 

d. John Wenham 

d. H. Hemmington 

d. W. Gwynne 
res. Geo. Shiftier 


£dwd.'badiey,Arm'ig. 
1 Lidv Ann Roos (hac 
1 vice). 

Edw. i^wkenor,"G^t 
C The Crown, Pat, pt 
12, m. 6. 

( The Bishop (jure de- 
\ voluto). 

f (Norden, and nine 
otherPrsocAiii^ Min- 
iden were deprived, 
at East Grinstead, 

{ 80 April, 1606, by 
the Archbiahop, then 
engaged in his Me- 
tropolitical VisiU- 

ttion.) 

Geo. Rivers, Annig. 

Nisei Rivers, Armig. 
< (On Ist July, 1681, he 
. was instituted to the 

.Rectory of Ore.) 

John Alford, Armig. 
( 'Jno. Wenham, of 
• Beckenham, Kent, 

\^' 
The same. 

("Geo. Wenham Lewis, 

. Westerbam, Kent, 

.Gent 

'Sir John Bridger, 
. Coombe Place, Sas- 
I sex, Knt 
fSir Geo. ShiiToer, 

Bart 

Ditto. 



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THB PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF HAMSET. 101 

VISIBLE INSCRIPTIONS IN THB CHURCHYARD OF HAMSEY. 

Sacred to the memoiy of Mn. Jane Geitrade Philpott, who died Sept 28, 1858, 
aged 79 yean. 

Sacred to the memory of Henry Pannett, who departed this life Feb. 7, 1864, 
aged 57 years. He was 88 years Clerk of this Parish. 

In memory of John Pannett, son of John and Sarah Pannett, who departed this 
life Oct 11, 1802, aged one year and three months. 

In memory of William, son of John and Sarah Pannett, who was killed by the 
aooidental falling in of an aroh at the OfEham Limekiln, under which he was at 
work, May 15, 1821, aged 27 years. 

To the memory of Lucy Allen, who departed Sept 11, 1857, aged 47 years. 

In memory of Ann Daws, who died 17th May, 1861, aged 47 years. 

In memory of William Phillips, who, for more than 50 years, was Clerk of this 
Parish. He died April 12, 1882, aged 90 years. 

In memory of Mary Phillips, who died Feb. 9, 1798, aged 56 years. 

In memory of Ann, wife of James Newnham, who died Sept 1, 1794, aged 82 
years. 

In memory of Philadelphia Phillips, who died Feb. 7, 1881, aged 22 years. 

In memory of William, son of Rebecca Allen, who died August 10, 1846, aged 18 
months. 

Here lie the remains of William Ade, late of this Parish. For aboTC 40 years 
Coachman to Sir George Shiffner, Bart, who, in consideration of his faithful ser- 
▼ices, has caused this Stone to be erected as a tribute to his memory. He died 
Feb. 8, 1885, aged 68 years. 

Sacred to the memory of Emma, daughter of Thomas and Ann Whitfield, who 
died 5th August, 1858, aged 27 years. Also, of Herbert, their youngest son, who 
died 11th Sept 1862, aged 21 years. 

In memory of THlliam Stoneham, who died April 15, 1852, aged 68 years. Also, 
of Charlotte, his wife, who died 2nd June, 1888, aged 88 years. Also, of John, their 
son, who died in infiuicy. 

In memory of Mary Reid, who died 20th Nov., 1809, aged 4 years. 

In memory of Joseph Reid, who died Dec. 8, 1809, aged 7 years. 

To the memory of Samuel Banks, who died April 5, 1775, aged 65 years. 

In memory of Elizabeth, widow of the late John Waters, of Cooksbridge, who 
died 11th June, 1855, aged 62 years. 

To the memory of Elizabeth, wife of Mr. James Lashmer, who died 1st July, 1854, 
aged 78 years. Also, the above James Lashmer, who died 8th April, 1855, aged 80. 

In memory of Mr. Edward Warren, who died at Offham, Jan. 18, 1854, aged 52 
years. 

To the memory of Hannah, only daughter of William and Ann Aylwin, of Offing* 
ton, in the Pariili of Broadwater, who died at Offham, in this Parish, March 27, 
1852, aged 16 years. 

To the memory of James French, eldest son of James and Jemima Thomas, of this 
Parish; died 24th May, 1868, aged 14 years. Also, of Mary Ann, their eldest 
daughter ; died June 2, 1868, aged 18 years. Also, of Henry, their second son ; died 
June 2, 1868, aged 11 years. Also, of George James, their fourth son ; died 24th 
June, 1868, sged 4 years. 



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102 THE PAROCHIAL HI8T0BT OF HAMSET. 

In memory of Grace, wife of John Howell, who departed this life July 2, 1783, 
aged 27 years. Also, of the above-named John Howell, who departed this life 2lsfc 
Oct, 1836, aged 81 years. Also, of Diana, his widow, who died 20th Feb., 1848, 
aged 78 years. 

Sacred to the memoiy of William Linfield, who died 19th Jane, 1851, aged 81 
years. Also, of Mary Linfield, who died 22nd Sept, 1851, aged 80 years. Also, of 
Francis Linfield, who died 1st June, 1859, aged 45 years. 

In memory of George Langridge, who died 6th July, 1858, aged 88 years. 

To the memoiy of William Oaplin, who died 2nd Dec., 1849, in the 73rd year of 
his age. Also, of Lucy, his widow, who died 15th Dec., 1861, aged 84 years. 

In memory of William Caplin, who died 14th May, 1845, aged 85 years. 

To the memory of John Caplin, who died Not. 19, 1840, aged 56 years. 

In memoiy of Andrewett, son of Andrew and Elizabeth Best, who died May 28, 
1821, aged 6 months. Also, of Elisabeth Emily, daughter of Andrew and Elisabeth 
Best, who died 28rd Feb., , aged 2 years. 

In memory of Andrew Best, late of this Parish, who died Jane 2, 1882, aged 39 
years. Also, of Elisabeth, wife of Andrew Best, who died 12th March, 1835, aged 44 
years. 

In memory of Elisabeth Caplin, who died 7th Nov., 1817, aged 6 years. Also, of 
Mary Ann Oaplin, who <fied 12th Nov., 1883, aged 17 years. 

To the memory of Mary, daughter of William and Anstey Bristow,' who died 23rd 
May, 1851, aged t year and 8 months. 

In memory of John Jeffery, who died 28th May, 1838, aged 2 years. Also, of 
Sarah Jeflfery, who died 30th June, 1839, aged 78 years. 

In memory of Maria, daughter of Henry and Maria Aldrish, who died 2nd Feb., 
1852, aged 6 years. Also, to the memory of James Aldrish, who died 7th Oct, 1825, 
aged 67 years. Also, Sarah, his widow, who died 5th Jan., 1859, aged 86 years. 

In memory of Thomas Howell, eldest son of William and Jane Howell, who died 
2nd August, 1765, in the 47th year of his age. 

In memory of William Howell, who died 22nd Jan., 1722. 

To the memory of Mary, widow of Thomas Tucker, who died 5th Jan., 1852, aged 
86 years. Also. Henry Tucker, second son of Thomas and Mary Tucker, who died 
18th August, 1842, aged 42 years. 

In memoiy of Mary, daughter of John and Mary Famcombe, who died 31 si 
March, 1761, aged 10 years 10 months. Also, of Nathaniel, their son, who died 
Dec. 27, aged 23 years. 

To the memory of William Howell, Jun., late of this Parish, who died 20th 
March, 1837, aged 23 years. 

In memory of Isaac Brown, who died 20th Dec., 1848, aged 77 years. Also, of 
Elizabeth, his wife, who died 29th July, 1861, aged 76 years. 

To the memory of Mary, the beloved wife of Nathaniel Guy, who died 28th Oct., 
1844, aged 54 years. Also, of Susanna, daughter of Nathaniel and Mary Guy, 
who died 21st May, 1881, aged 9 years. Also, of the above Nathaniel Guy, who 
died 13th Oct., 1864, aged 68. 

In memory of William Holingdale, who died 1st Dec., 1843, aged 57 years. Also, 
of Susannah, wife of the above, who died 80th August, 1863, aged 81 years. Also, 
of Henry, their son, who died 9th Sept, 1831, aged 2 years. 



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THE PABOCHIAL HISTORY OF HAMSEY, 103 

In memory of Elizabeih, daughter of William and Susannah Holingdale, who 
died 24th March, 1850, aged 81 years. Also, of Franoes, daughter of the above, who 
died 6th Dec., 1850, aged 80 years. 

In memory of William Holingdale, who died 1796, aged 86 yean. Also, of 
Elizabeth, his widow, who died 24th August, 1838, aged 78 years. 

Here lieth the body of Mary, the wife of James Sicklemore, sen., who died 2nd 
KoY., 1726, aged 70 years. 

In memory of Thomas Kettlebord, who died 26th Jan., 1829, aged 68 years. 

In memory of Dhiah, wife of John Boades, who died 17th Sept, 1849, aged 52 
years. 

To the memory of Mary Ann Swindles, who died Uth August, 1884, aged 75 
years. 

Sacred to the memory of Thomas Tucker, who died 10th May, 1828, aged 58. 

To the memory of Mary Ann, wife of Richard Trower, who died 8th Dec., 1862, 
aged 48 years. Also, of fVederiok, their son, who died 1st Feb., 1861, aged 4 years. 
Also, of Henry, their son, who died 11th Sept, 1862, aged 8 years. And of Louisa, 
their daughter, who died 6th March, 1868, aged 18 years. 

In memory of Harriet, wife of Henry Henty, who died 2nd Nov., 1853, aged 84 
years. She was the mother of 8 children, 7 of whom lie buried here* 

In memory of John Glasebrook, of this Parish, who died %lst August, 1810, aged 
11 years. 

Mary, wife of Richard Simmonds, was buried Jan. 12, 1720, aged 89 years. Also, 
their son, Edward, was buried 27th Jan., 1722 ; Thomas was buried 24th Jan. 1728 ; 
both aged months. 

Sacred to the memory of Herbert Walker, who died 19th August, 1859, aged 29 
years. 

Sacred to the memory of Maria, wife of Henry Walker, who died 26th April, 1862, 
aged 88 years. 

In memory of Mary, wife of Thomas Smallfield, who died l8th May, 1855, aged 
27 years. Also, the body of Ann, wife of Thomas King, who died 81st Jan., 1724, 
aged 74 years. Also, the body of Thomas Eing, who died 5th Feb., 1715, In the 
64th year of his age. 

In memory of William Walker, who was caught in the machinery of a Mill, and 
was killed in an instant, on the 9th Feb., 1842, aged 44 years. 

In this Vault lieth all that is mortal of Susanna, wife of Samuel Ellis, Yeoman, 
who departed this life 6th May, 1805, hi the 60th year of her age. 

Mrs. Sarah Moore, wife of James Moore, late of the Clifle, Lewes died 7th Oct, 
1821, aged 71 years. 

In this Vault lieth all that is mortal of Samuel Ellis, Yeoman, of this Parish, 
who died 2nd Nov., 1810, in the 79th year of his age. 

In memory of Samuel Moore Ellis, son of Thomas and Susannah Ellis, who died 
Uth Jan., 1806, aged 2 years and 8 months. 

In concluding this Account of Hamsey, I beg to acknow- 
ledge the frequent and most useful communications of Wm. 
Durrant Cooper, Esq., F.S.A., and those also of the Rev. Sir 
George Croxton Shiffiier, Bart., Rector of the Parish. 



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EARLY PRESENTATIONS 

TO 

SUSSEX INCUMBENCIES. 



BT THB 

Rbv, MACKENZIE E. C. WALCOTT, M.A, P.8.A., 

FBBCENTOB OF CHICHESTEB. 



The following extracts, from the collections of Dr. Button 
in the British Museum, will, I trust, prove acceptable to the 
incumbents of the parishes named in them.^ Many of the 
names will be illustrated in mj List of Prebendaries of 
Chichester. 

GLTin>.— John de Sproiley, 14 Maroh, 2 Bioh. IL, M8. Earl. 6961, /&. 9. 
HOBSHAM (Oh. St Leonard's).— William de Langton. 

„ „ Thomas de Beokyngham, Preb. of Salisboiy, 

fo. 51., 80 March, 4 Bioh IL, Ihid 20b. 
Tafton.— Thomas Norton, changed with B. St Michaers, Wilton. 

„ laham Wengreve, Ibid, 

F188HEBOBN.— John Bracklesham, Ibidj/o. 21b. Vac. Abb. de Sagio. 
Dtgchentng.— John de Chytteme, changed with Prebendary of Chichester, eto., 
„ William Brompton, 28 Oct, 6 Bich. IL, B. Newchurch, L of W., 

/a. 29b. 
Chichester (St Mary's Hosp.).— Alan de Leverton, 9 Bich. II. 
COMWON.— Walter Forey. 

„ Jo, Curdray, Archd. of Lewes, 8 May, 12 Bich. II., /i. 67. 

TEBKTKQ.^Bobert Hallum, Preb. of Chichester. 

„ William Fulbaun, Preb. of Carouby, I. of Anglesea, 17 Bich. IL,/<y. 

99. 
Old Shoheham.— Thomas de Brantyngham, Clerk, 4 Maroh, 27 Edw. L, MJ8. 
6960, fo. 10. 

St. Leonard's de Iham. ( Juxta Windhelsea).— Osbert Toy, Chaplain, 2 Hen.V., 
JIfA iforZ. 6968,/!. 66b. 
WurcHBLSBA (St Giles).— Boger de Letford, 66 H. HI., Feb. 12, MS. Earl 6968, 
fo, 21. 
„ „ Thomas Merton, 8 Hen. IV., 29 May, 6962, /<». 47. 

' The Patent Bolls COD tain many en tries of livings, which it is proposed to print 
of Crown presentations and of exchanges in the next volume of our Collections. 

W. D. O, 



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EABLT FBESENTATIONS) ETC. 105 

WlNCHBL8EA.—<8t Thomas).— Mag. Adam de Ammideaham, 5 Edw. 1» Maroh 

1, nnd,fo, 88. 
,, n John de Soarle, changed with 

R. Kynaidettoni Nov. 18. 
„ ,, Bobert Vyllen, Preb. of Lanohester, 80 Edw. III. 

8 Nov., md 6959,/<y. 81. 
„ n Biohard Qryffjm, changed with 

Peter de Dene, B. of Wodeaton, 41 Edw. IIL, P. 
lb, 696O,/0. 80. 
La Btb.— William de Clifford, 51 H. IIL, June 80, lb. 6958, /&. 12. 

„ Adam de Lymburg, 2 Edw. IL, p. 1, March 16, lb, 996. He was R. 
of Fisby (Jo. 103), Pteb. of Stafford (108b), R. of Berkeswell, 
fo, 117. 
n Richard de. Xmmere, 5 Bdwd. II, p. 2, lb. 108. (or De Mere on res. of 
Lymberg, pat, 7 Edw. I). 

The patent rolls have these additions to Bye : 

„ John de Croft, vice Thomas de Lichfield, whose appointment made, 
while the King was in the hands of Simon de Montford, was annuUed. 
Fat, 49, Hen. IIL 

,1 Nicholas de Sproughton, res. 

„ William de Doumeneye, Ib,^ 26 Edw. L 

^ John de Harewe, Ib.^ 10 Edw. II., res. 

„ Nicholas de Useflete, Ib.^ 18 Edw. IL, pt 1. 

M Jolm Harris, exchanged with 

,, Henry de Kendale, parson of the chnroh of Whilington, in the Arch- 
deaconry of Richmond, Ib.y 6 Edw. Ill : he exchanged with 

„ William Outy, lb., 15 Edw. m. 

„ John de Salesbury, parson of Wameford, dioc., Winton, lb., 19 Edw. 

m. 

. „ Thomas de Holbome, res : 
„ Peter Qreret, ift., 24, Edwd. m., he exchanged with 
„ Jolm de Kenyngton, parson of the Church of Westmeon, i5., 28 Edw. IIL, 

and he again witii 
n Bobert de Qarwynton, parson of Snodland, Kent, lb., 29 Edw. IIL 

[For other Vicars, eee Suss. Arch. Coll. : xiii., p. 270.] 
„ (St BarthoL Hoep.)--Thomas Chaoe, 13 Deo., 8 Hen. Y., 6968, >. 79. 
O]UBNB0rEDB.^Bobeft de Derby, 25 Edw. m., 6959,/0. 157, Vaa Prior de Lewes. 
M Simon de Breden, 8 Oct, 25 Edw. III.,/<y. 165. 

RoTHKRFiBLD.— Mag. William de Wymundham, 10 Feb., 47 Edw. IIL, M8. Barl. 
6960, /tf. 117, b. 
PLUMfTOi^— John de Campan, (1846), changed with 

„ Jc^Tk Arblaster, R. of Shoebury, 18 July, 19 Edw. IIL, MS. 

HarU 6959, fo. 109b. [6 KaL Feb. 1887, Newcourt IL 
528.] 
Paoeham.— Mag. Simon de Islip, 15 April, 28 Edw. IIL, MS., Sari. 6959, fo. 
182b. 

„ John de Denton, 45 Edw. III., 6960, /a. 111. 

PSTWORTH.— William Aslacke, 8 Jan., 1 Hen., V., 6968,/<y. 64. 
HAariHQS (St Leonards).— Stephen de Bolton, changed with 

„ „ Thomas Maunsell, R. of Aungre ad Castmm, 17 

June, 25 Edw. IIL. MS, 696O,/0. 159b. R. Chip- 

ping Ongar, Newcourt L, 450, who changed with 

„ „ William de Lyneford, R. St Mary's Chekenhale 

[Chegnal Newcourt IL, 1871, 8 Oct, 25 Edw. UL, 

fo.im>. 

xvn. F 



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106 EABLY FBESEKTATIONS 

Hastikgb (St Leonards).-- ThomM de Hampton, changed with 

„ „ Robert de Fenny Oompton, Chantry Pt of Wappen- 

ham. 14 Aug., 18 Edw. IIL, Vac. Abb. St Kath. 
joxta Botom : 6957, /<». 97b. 
„ (All Samts*).— John Heryng, Chaplain, 8 Deo., 49 Edw. IIL, Vac 

Abb. de Fisoampo, US. 6960, fo. 126b. 
„ „ John Couper, Cler. Begia, 11 Dec, 5 Hen. Y., 6962, 

fo. 72. 
„ „ Bobert Kirkham, Dean of St Stephen's, Westm., Preb. 

of St Paal's, 1448, Beverley, 1 Edw. IV., MS. 6968, 
fo. 60b. Newoourt Bepert L 121 :— B. of Grin- 
sted, 1489. Chigwell: St Mary Woolchurch, 1441: 
Fordham, 1450 : Hanas. St Donstan-in-the- 
East, 1456: Master of the RoUs, 1461 : Preo. of 
Salisbury, 1467. Lord Keeper, 1467.* 
„ n John Fawkes, Clerk of Parliament, Preb. of Chichester, 

Dean of Hastings: Windsor: Preb. of Lincoln. 
15 Hen. V., 21b. 
„ „ John Morton, Chancellor of Chichester, Ibidyfo. 27. 

BBiOHTLmo.— Oberius Bochard, 1 Edw. L, MS. Metrl, 6958,/<y. 25 ; Prebendary 
of Hastmg8,/0. 25b. 

CBOWHUimT.— William de Dovor, 2 Edw. L, MS. Sari, fo. 28b, 6958, Preb. of 
Hastings,/^. 59b, B. of Langele,/^. 28b. 
NOBTHSTOKE.— Roger FitB-Alan. 

„ Walter de Augen, Clerk, 8 May, 8 Edw. I., IHi, fo. 80a. Bex 

dedit licentiam Ric. Com. Arundel quod ipse advocationem 
Eccl. de Northstoke dare posset Priori et Cony, de Tertington, 
25 Apr., 11 Edw. m., MS. 6969, fo. 57. 
Wbstembstoh. — Adam de Bavent 

„ Walter de Bedewind, 28 Edw. L, IMd, fo. 78b. 

MECHTxra.— John de Waltham, Clerk, 15 July, 19 Edw. n., IHd,fo, 150. 
WiTHTHAMMB. — Laurence Jordan de Wyndsore, changed with 

„ Mag. Henry de London, July 16, 12 Edw. IIL, Vac. Prior de 

Morteyn, MS Barl, 6959, /a. 67. 
Bellbsbtb.— John de Hale, Clerk, 26 Dec., 18 Edw. IIL, lb. 100, b. 

„ William Qaunsted, 8 Aug., 8 Hen. V., 6968, /&. 78. 

IDEK.— John de Kendale, 28 Edw. IIL, Ih. 142b. 

HBBTFBLDB.^William Mugge, Chaplain, 18 Edw. m., 29 Oct, Yao. Abbat 
Qiesten, MS., Earl. B959, fo. 100. 
„ John de Sazton, Chaplain, 28 Edw. IIL, 8 Aug., Vac. Abbat 

de Sayco,/0. 140b. 
„ John de Sparkeden. Chi^lain, Ibid, Vac. Abbat de Qrestono, JHtL 

„ Bichard de Bayensore, Clerk, 27 Edw. III., 6 Oct, Vac. Abbat 

Wylmyngton, lb. 6960, fo. 14b. He was R. of Waltham ; 
Preb. St Stephen*s, Westm., /9. 79 ; Proyost of Beyerley,/0. 44, 
69b ; Archdeacon of Norfolk, fo, 89 ; Beceiyer of Land-Rents 
to the Queen, /0. 44b ; Preb. and Archdeacon of Lincoln, 1868 ; 
d-1886. [Willis* Lincoln, 101.] 
„ Salomon Haywode, changed with 

„ William Aston, Preb. of Hastings, 16 Rich. II., lb., 6961, fo. 97. 

„ Thomas Wysbeche, Preb. of St Paul* s, 21 Rich. IL, 4 Noy., 1 Hen. 

IV., 6962, /a. 4. 
„ John Spicer, V. of Westgranestede, changed with 

„ Albert de Ptagft, 48 Edw. m.. Vac. Abbat de Gastico, lb. 6960, 

fo. 91b. 

' See Fobs' JudgeSi vcd. iy., p. 484, 

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TO SUSSEX INCUMBENCIES. 107 

Wabblvtok.— Adam de Lymbeig, changed with 

„ Walter de AttehaU, V. of Arundel, Feb. 14, 27 Edw. m., MS. 

^aW. 6960, /0.16b. 
„ Mag. John de Garren, U Aug., 49 Edw. IIL,/0. 12b. 

„ John de Bernard Gastell, 24 Sept, 49 Edw. in.,/0. 127. 

„ Bichard Hals, Clerk, 28 Bich. IL, lb. 6961,>. 131b. 

ALDXKaBOlTBNB.— William de Betf(s^ changed with B. of Greinsted, 

„ Henry de Plumsted, V. of Aldingboume, 26 Oct, 44 Edw. HI., 

MS, 6960, fo, 106. Bp. Gilbert gave the Advowaon of 
Alebum to the Dean and Chapter. Oonf. 23 Edw. L, 6958, 
fo. 67b. 
Eaot Layant.— Heniy Harburgh, Preb. of Salisbury ; Wells ; Warden St John's 
Hosp., Dorchester ; 1 Hen. IV., MS. Harl 6962, /a. 4. 
„ „ (Juried. Cantuar).— Boger Whytynton, Chaplain, 19 Not., 42 

Edw. m., MS. Harl 6960, fo. 86. Dicentia concessa Edwardo 
de 800. Joanne quod ipse adyocationem eoclesin de Mede- 
levente que est tuxa Electum solidorum per annum utdicitur, 
dare poeset Priori et Gonventui de Shulbred appropriandam. 
8 Jul. 28 Edw. IIL P. 11, 6967,/tf. 20a. 
Ftkdok.— Gilbert de Fraynsh, changed with B. of Bayle, [26 Sept 1358, New- 
court IL, 488.] 
„ Nicholas de Korton, B. of Fyndon, 27 June, 1854, 28 Edw. IIL, MS. 
696O,/0.18b. 
LOYKHDrsTRB.— John Fogheler, Chaplain, 22 Jan., 82 Edw. HI., Vao. Prior de 
Loveminstre,/?. 87a. 
Bbxlb.— Henry Torkard, B. West Grymstead, changed with 

„ Wmlam de Betford, V. of Bexle, 41 Edw. IIL,/*. 80b. 
Bbbds.— William de Bolton, changed with B. of Brede. 

„ Lambert de Trykyngham, B. of Bibchester, 16 Feb., 61 Edw. IIL, fo. 

189. The latter changed with 
„ Edward de Byngham, B. of Plumptre, 5 May, 1 Bich. IL, MS 6961| 
fo. 4b. 
Arundel (St George's-in-the-Castle).— Bobert de Natsend, Chaplain, 18 Feb., 8 
Edw. L, MS Hari. 6958,/?. 29b. 
Arundel.*— Walter Fletterwyk, changed with V. of Arundel. 

„ Bichard Bernard, B. of St George*s, Eastcheap, (not known to New- 

court,) 6th July, 24 Edw. HI., 6959,/<?. 151. 
Chiohfjstbr (St Peter the Great).— John Yongwyne, Clerk, 20 Aug., 18 Edw. IL, 
6958, /a 145. 
PORTBLADB. — Henry Tone, changed with B. of Leyeland. 

„ John Deyonahire, B. of Portslade, Noy. 25, 8 Hen. Y., 6968, /<». 78b. 

TULLTNGTOH.— W. dc Siwnere, changed with B. of SuUatyn, (unknown to Ed- 
wards) St Asaph I. 415. 
,. Bichard Pym, B. of Tullyngton, 1 Henry V., 6962,/£>. 61b. 

I hope to continue the Series from the Registers of 
Bishops Rede, Pratey, Storey, and Sherborne, on a future 
occasion. 



^ These are not noticed in Tiemey*8 Arundel, p. 658. 

p 2 



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GREATHAM HOUSE. 



By thk Rbv. EDWARD TUKNEIL 



In the preceding volume I ventured to call the attention of the 
members of our Society to the ancient manorial residences of 
Sussex, now reduced to farm-houses; hoping it might be the 
means of inducing some of them to take up this interesting 
branch of Archaeology, and to apply it to any houses of this 
kind there might happen to be in their own immediate neigh- 
bourhood; and few parishes are there in the county which 
will not furnish, such a subject. I regret, however, to be 
obliged to add that it has not been attended as yet with any 
success. 

I shall, therefore, proceed to point out the claims which 
Greatham House, another of this class of residence, has 
to their notice; and I am the more anxious to do so, 
because of late years it has been deprived of much of its 
archseological character. To add to its comfort as a resi- 
dence it has been so altered, both externally and internally, 
that these claims are in danger of being lost sight of by all, 
except the experienced antiquary, whose practised eye will 
not fail to discover, in spite of sash windows, and an outside 
display of Roman cement, something in, and about it, to con- 
vince him, that it is not what the so-called improver would 
fain wish it to be considered, » modern residence ; and upon 
an examination of its structure he will find his suspicions 
fully confirmed. Its substantial stone walls and massive roof 
will lead him to recognize in it the remains of an old mansion, 
for it is a part only of the original house, converted into a 
residence for the occupiers of the farm. Of these, three gene- 
rations of one family held it from the time it ceased to be the 
residence of the proprietors, until about the year 1850, a 

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GBEATHAM HOUSE. 109 

period of rather more than a century and a quarter; and it 
was to make it accord with the taste of the second of these 
tenants that it was covered with comp6t, and in other respects 
sadly modernized. 

To such as may not be acquainted with the locality of this 
house, I will here mention that it is situated, as the name 
implies, in Greatham, a small parish about eight miles to the 
north of Arundel, and consolidated as an ecclesiastical benefice 
with Wiggonholt, Its stone bridge over the river Arun is of 
considerable antiquity, having been built by Sir Henry 
Tregoz, who was Lord of the Manor of Greatham in the reign 
of Edward IL As this substantial bridge was, at the period 
of its erection, and for many years after, the principal means 
of crossing this river, then much wider than it is now, strong, 
but inefiectual, efibrts were made during the commonwealth to 
destroy it by Ae forces under the command of Sir William 
Waller, while on their march to the siege of Arundel Castle ; 
of which the southern side still bears ample testimony. And 
in digging out the foundation trenches for an extension of 
this bridge, in the year 1827, several cannon balls were found, 
which had doubtless been fired at it upon that occasion. 

Greatham House, then, is very near to this bridge. It 
stands upon the sununit of a precipitous bank, rising abruptly 
above the valley of the Aran, which flows immediately below 
it. Opposite to it, on the west side of this fertile and beauti- 
ful valley, which here is but of small breadth, and standing on 
a somewhat similar bank, are the remains of the Friory of 
Hardham. The two are at no great distance from each other. 
The present house appears to be about half of the original resi- 
dence. Its rooms are spacious and well proportioned. One 
of the parlours was probably the entrance-hall ; and the other 
has, within my memory, been made out of the unusually large 
old kitchen. The principal chimney of the house is also of 
large dimensions. The parish Church stands close to the 
house, and is a small and plain structure. Like many other 
of the little Churches in Western Sussex its architectural 
features are of the humblest order. For many years the house 
and church were embosomed in fine old elm trees, which, as 
they went to decay, were cut down ; so that with the exception 
of a few aged poplars, they are now quite open and exposed to 

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110 OREATHAM HOUSE. 

view. Over what was the original entrance doorway in the 
south front, when the house was in a perfect state, is a shield 
with the following armorial bearings: — Party per fess^ argent 
and Sable^ a pale counterchanged^ and three bears^ salient, 
two and one, also counterchanged, muzzled, and chained. 
The crest is a demi-bear, muzzled and chained, as in the 
arms. Besides this shield there are the initial letters and date, 
£. 1672. M. From these, then, we learn that the house, 
which, as we shall presently see, stands upon the site of a much 
older one, was the residence of the MiUes, a family which held 
a high position, and were of considerable antiquity in the 
Western Division of the County, and a late member of which 
took down and rebuilt the much more ancient edifice at the 
period here stated. In deeds of an early date we find this 
family called atte Mulne and atte Milne. John, the son of 
Geoflfrey atte Mulne, was Lord of Greatham, as early as the 
39th of Edward III. (1366); and he was probably the first 
possessor of the manor of this family. His son, Robert atte 
Mulne, the next possessor, is described as of Guildford, in 
Surrey, and was Sheriff for the two Counties of Surrey and 
Sussex the 13th of Richard II. (1380). He died in 1390, 
without issue; and the Greatham Manor passed to his only 
brother Richard; whose son, John atte Mulle, for the N was 
now dropped, was living at Pulborough the 8th of Henry V. 
(1421); and in the 12th (1434) and 26th (1448) of Henry 
YL, his son, Robert atte Mulle, enfeoffed lands in Greatham 
and Pulborough. This Robert is mentioned in the Subsidy 
Ron of the 13th of Henry IV. (1411-12), as having lands in 
Greatham, valued at £6 13s. 4d. ; in Pulborough, valued at 
£5 6s. 8d. ; in Mundham, valued at £10 ; and in Eirdford, 
valued at £2. Richard at Mulle, or atte Mille — for we now 
find the name written both ways — the son of this Robert, is 
the first of the family described as "of Greatham;" which 
plainly shows that the family must have had a residence here 
previous to the erection of the house, of which the present 
formed a part. He was living at Greatham the 19th of 
Edward IV. (1480), and died there in 1504. He was Lord 
of the Manor of Puborough as well. After his decease, in 
1554, his descendants, for seven generations, continued to 
reside at Greatham. The R. Mille that built the house was 

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GBEATHAM HOUSE. Ill 

probably Eichard, the second son of Thomas Mille. His eldest 
son WiUiam, dying in 1688 without issue, the Greatham 
estate passed to this Eichard, who, dying unmarried, in 1677, 
it next went to Thomas's third son, Ealph, whose eldest son 
William, by the death of his only son Ealph in his father's life 
time, was the last male heir of the family. He died in 1729, 
leaving four daughters co-heiresses, who, under the power of 
an Act of Parliament obtained to enable them to do so, sold 
the landed estate in 1737, to Sir Hutchins Williams, in whose 
descendants it is now vested; and the advowson of Wiggon- 
holt and Greatham to William Turner, Esq., of Oldland, in 
Keymer. 

During the commonwealth the Mille family were staunch 
adherents to the cause of Charles I. In 1643, Thomas Mille, 
of Greatham, was a Major in the Eoyalist army; and was one 
of those who surrendered themselves with Arundel Castle, to 
Sir William Waller; and who, three years after this, paid a 
fine of £216 to obtain his pardon for being found in arms 
against the Parliament. 

In 1623 and 1625, William Mille, of Greatham, was mem- 
ber of Parliament for Arundel. 

The burial place of this family was a small sepulchral 
Chapel, which stood for three centuries, or more, on the south 
west side of Pulborough Churchyard. In it were many slabs, 
inlaid with brass, which had been placed to the memory of 
some of its members. When it was taken down about a cen- 
tury ago, two of these slabs, one to the memory of Edmund 
Mille, gentleman, who died in 1452, and Matilda, his wife, 
the date of whose death is broken away, and the other to that 
of Eichard, their son and heir, who died in 1478, were 
removed into the chancel of the Church, where they now 
remain. 

The place of residence of the Pulborough branch of the 
Mille family was called Mille Place. Not a vestige of it 
now remains. Even the knowledge of its exact site has passed 
away. It was probably somewhere in the manor of Nutboume, 
of which, according to a record in the Chapter House, West- 
minster, Eichard atte Milne was tenant in the 19th of Edward 
HI. (1346) ; in another deed his son John is described 
as of Notebome-Pulborough; in the 13th of Henry VI. 

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112 GREATHAM HOUSE. 

(1452), Edmund atte Milne possessed half this manor; and 
Kay, in his MS. survey of Sussex Manors, p. 62, under the 
date of the 44th of Elizabeth (1604), describes the Manor of 
Nutboume as consisting of Mille Place, South Heath, and North 
Heath. As Domesday notices two mills in this manor, from 
one of these the name was doubtless originally derived. Mille 
Place is represented as in Nutbourne-Pulborough, from the 
circumstance of the manor being partly in Pulborough, and 
partly in West Chiltington. 

The Mille family were connected by marriage with the 
Lewknors, the Apsleys, the Challenors, the Bowyers, the 
Eversfields, the Monks, the Gorings, and the Pellatts ; as well 
as with some other of the leading families of the county. 

From John, the second son of Richard Mille, who possessed 
the manor of Greatham, and resided upon it, in 1570, the 
Milles of Camois Court in Trotton, who were created Baronets 
in 1619, were descended. 

The following incidental notices of members of this family 
have been collected from various sources : — 

Thomas atte Mille was one of the Jurors in the Nonas 
Return for Washington (1342). 

Edmunde Mille, of Pulborough, with two others, settled on 
Richard Hayne, alias Grasyer, of Chichester, and his wife, 
three messuages, five cottages, two shops, and twelve acres of 
arable, and two of meadow land^ in Horsham and Roughway, 
now called Roughey. 

John Mille was Rector of Nuthurst, in 1665; of Pulborough, 
1669; and of West Grinstead, in 1672. To the Rectory of 
West Grinstead he was presented by Ralph Mille, of Greatham, 
Thomas Beard, of Hurstpierpoint, and Thomas Pellatt, of 
Lewes. 

Mary, widow of this Ralph Mille, presented Jasper Oldham 
to the living of Thakeham, in 1697 ; and William Mille, the 
Rev. Edward Stuart, to that of Wiggonholt and Greatham, in 
1708, which preferment he held for the unusually long period 
of seventy years. 

Attached to the manor of Greatham was the right of keep- 
ing swans upon the High Stream. Every heir of the Mille 
family, upon coming into possession of the estate paid 6s. 8d. 
to the Water Bailiff, for renewing the family swan-mark. 

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GB£ATHAM HOUSE. 113 

In the year 1843 an interesting discovery was made by a 
labourer, while engaged in digging on the sloping bank on 
which I have said this house stands. At a depth of about 
three feet and a half from the surface, and nearly midway 
between the house and the river, he came down to two earth- 
enware vases or bottles, standing very close to each other, and 
in an upright position; plainly indicating that they had been 
placed where they were found intentionally, and for some 
particular end or purpose. Each vase or bottle was filled with 
a liquid of a yeUowish-brown colour, but tasteless, probably 
from age; and each was secured at the mouth by a stopper of 
the same material as the bottle itself. They are both of them 
glazed of a dark-green colour, and, though elegant in shape, 
they are of very rude workmanship. Their height is about 
sixteen inches. 

The late Mr. Martin, of Pulborough, who analyzed the 
liquid found in the Greatham bottles, pronounced it to be 
metheglin. 

Vessels of a similar kind and figure have been occasionally 
found in other parts of the kingdom. A short time previous 
to the discovery of these at Greatham, a vase or bottle much 
resembling them was dug up in a corresponding position in 
Lincolnshire; and from the peculiar mode of its ornamenta- 
tion, but more particularly from the circumstance of its having 
a floriated-cross upon it (the Greatham bottles had precisely 
the same), corresponding in a singular manner with the cross 
to be observed on some Anglo-Saxon coins, and in the decora- 
tive parts of Churches of the same period, they have been 
erroneously supposed to be of Anglo-Saxon date and manu- 
facture. 

It is to be lamented that so great a difficulty has heretofore 
attended all the attempts that have been made to fix the pre- 
cise date of ancient British fictilia ; of which some interesting 
specimens have been brought to light at Hastings, Seaford, 
and Lewes, and figured in different volumes of our Archaeo- 
logical Collections. It appears from the circumstances noted 
in the description of the very curious specimen found at 
Lewes, given in the Archaeological Journal (a very similar 
vessel having been since found at Seaford), that there is no evi- 
dence of any fictilia of an ornamental character being fabricated 

XYU. Q 

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114 GREATHAM HOUSE. 

by the Saxons, or introduced into this country by the Normans. 
Still their manufacture is of decided antiquity in England ; 
mention being made of articles of this kind fabricated for 
domestic use in some of its earliest historical records. The 
date then to be assigned to the Greatham and Lincolnshire 
vases or bottles, is probably not more remote than the fifteenth 
century. 

Bottles somewhat resembling these are still used, Sir 
Walter Scott tells us, in the south of Scotland, and are called 
"Greybeards." 

The Greatham bottles were exhibited at the annual meeting 
of our Society, held at Arundel in the summer of 1849. 



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PRODUCE OP AND SUPPLIES PROM SUSSEX. 



By WILLIAM DURRANT COOPER, F.S.A. 



Anxious as we may be to know more of the places around 
us, and of the persons who, in days long past, peopled our 
towns and villages, we have in such researches but the dry 
skeleton of history. If we can learn more of the social con- 
dition and modes of life of our ancestors, we shall help to- 
wards putting live flesh upon dry bones. Nor are the 
materials for the latter enquiry less abundant than for the 
former. Ponderous-looking records and long-unfolded rolls 
are not inviting subjects for examination; yet they afford us 
ample evidence of what was the early state of our county. 
Time and diligence only are needed to extract the most valu- 
able items from the general mass. 

With the view of showing what produce the county afforded, 
and how men lived, I have selected from the MS. collections of 
a friend (who is also a member of our Society) entries which 
will not be wanting in interest to our readers. 

Here we shall find some account of the timber and the 
corn; of the deer, pheasants, partridges, hares, and rabbits; 
of the peacocks, chickens, and eggs; of the ^^ good'' sea fish, 
with ^^ congers"^ amongst them, and fresh fish of good money 
value; and notices of serious affi'ays, to which the keeping of 
deer and game gave rise. 

There has been great doubt as to the time when pheasants 
were introduced into this country; and an early men* 
tion is made of them in 1299 (temp. Edward I.), when the 
price of each was fourpence : we now know that they were breed- 
ing in Sussex fifty years earlier — 1246: although, in pro- 

1 Conger Boup iB BtiU a fayourite dish in Oacnuey. 

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116 PRODUCE OF AND SUPPLIES FBOM SUSSEX. 

portion to partridges, they were a scarce bird.' They seem 
to have been general in the parks throughout the county in 
the reign of Edward III. 

Nor do the records fail us in mention of military equip- 
ments. The horse-shoes, provided from the first-class iron 
of Boughey, and the well-sharpened arrows of the same dis- 
trict (Horsham), stood the English horsemen and archers in 
good stead in Scotland and Normandy. 

We shall also find some slight additional notices of hunt- 
ing in our chaces and woods. 

The Timber of Sussex was plentifully used in public 
works, as well without as within the county. 

On 20th March (9th John), 1208, timber was given out of 
the Wood of the Bishopric, for the repair of the King's Castle 
of Chichester ; and on 6th April, other timber for a like purpose, 
wherever the SheriflF could find it without the Broyls. 

Edward II. cut down 619 oaks in Ashburnham Woods, 
whilst the estates of John de Ashburnham were in the King's 
hands by reason of the quarrel with the Duke of Lancaster, 
which were sent to Dover,' for the works of the Castle 
there; and 60 more oaks, which were sent to the works at 
Pevensey Castle. 

The SheriflF had to deliver, in 1337, to the Constable of 
the Tower of London, the two large oaks in the Forest of 
Worth, which John de Warren gave the King for the beams 
of a certain great engine in the Tower.* 

The Prior of Wilmington had license, in 1351, to cut and 
sell trees in his Wood at Wilmington, to the value of £20, 
to pay his farm to the Crown.* 

John Earl of Richmond, in 1358, had timber sent from 
Sussex to build a bridge at Boston,* at the same time that 
he was repairing his manor of Crowhurst.^ 

s In the " Fonne of oary,** which is John de Ashburaham £186 10s., the 

ascribed to the chief master cook of value. Pat., 8 £dw. III. 

Rich, n., circa. 1881, there is a receipt * Hot CI., 11 Edw. IIL 

for boilintr 1 1 pheasants and partridges. * Pat, 25 Edw. III. 

> Fourteen of the Dover oaks were • Ibid, 82 Edw. IIL 

worth 20s. each; 106 were worth 10s. ''See Suss. Arch. Coll., vol. v)i.,p. 44, 

each ; and 600 worth only 2s. each. The for an account of the remains of this 

60 oaks for Pevensey were worth only manor house. 
6s. 8d. each. In 1829 Edw. III. paid io 



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PRODUCE OP AND SUPPLIES FROM SUSSEX. 117 

The fortifications of Rye were restored by aid of the oaks 
of Crowhurst and the Trees of Brede. 

Horse- Shoes and Nails were the common manufacture 
of the county. In 1253 the SheriflF was ordered to have 
12,000 nails, for laths and shingles, sent to Freemantel," to 
be used for the roof of the hall ; and in the next year he had 
to fiimish 30,000 horse-shoes and 60,000 nails for the 
Queen. 

The supply of 3,000 horse-shoes and 29,000 nails, in 
1319-20, for the expedition against the Scots, has been 
noted by Mr. M. A^ Lower.' 

In the first year of the reign of Edward III. (1327), the 
Sheriff was allowed, in his account, the following amounts : *® 
£43 6s. 8d., for the purchase of 200 quarters of wheat; £4 
3s. 4d., for 1,000 horse-shoes; 2s. Id., for measuring the 
wheat; 3s., for the carriage of the horse-shoes from Le 
Kogheye, near Horsham, where they were made, to Shore- 
ham; 4s. 8d., for the purchase of 14 barrels to put these 
horse-shoes, and 3,000 others, and 80,000 nails in ; 4d., for 
wooden hoops for the barrels; 2d., for iron nails to strengthen 
the bottoms of the barrels; 7d., for the wages of a workman 
cleaning and hooping the barrels; 14d., for the porterage of 
them to the ship; 100s., for freight from Shoreham to New- 
castle-upon-Tyne; and 10s., for the wages of a clerk to take 
care of them on board ship. 

Arrows, also, were made near Horsham," in 1338, when 
the Sheriff was allowed £14 10s. 4d. for the purchase of 
6,000 arrows (240 sheaves at 1 4d. a sheaf, each sheaf con- 
taining 25 arrows) of good dry wood, with heads well sharp- 
ened, called '*' Dogebil," and for a cask to put them in, and 
for the carriage from Horsham to the Tower of London. 

These were for use in the cross-bows. 

The county supplied Archers as well as weapons. Henry 
III., in 1257, ordered the Sheriff to provide 100 good archers, 

• Lib. roll, 87 Hen. m. Ibid, 88. carCIoadfl of B'one from Hasebir for the 
Freemantel was a house of the King, works going on at Freemantel. 
near Southampton. The Sheriff of * Suss. Arch. Coll., vol. ii., p. 178. 

Wilts was also ordered to send sBven ■<» Lib. roll, 4 Edw. IIL 

" Ibid, 12 Bdw. m. 

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118 PRODUCE OF AND SUPPLIES FROM SUSSEX. 

and send them, with their bows and arrows, to Chester, to 
go with him against the Welsh ;" and in 1266, John de 
Warren, Earl of Surrey, led 300 of our archers into Essex 
against the King's enemies in that county.^' 

Provisions, &c. — Wheat went to London and Harfleur 
in times of scarcity or war," 

The Koyal table was frequently furnished with Sussex 
delicacies. 

The Gustos of the Bishopric of Chichester, in 1245, 
was, on 6th February, ordered" to send no less than 500 
hares and 200 rabbits from the Warren of the Bishopric, 
to Westminster, against the Queen's purification; and sub- 
sequently 300 rabbits for the King's use at Christmas. 
And in the next year, he was to send 100 rabbits for the 
King's use at Easter; and also 500 hares, 100 partridges, 
24 pheasants, 200 more rabbits, 100 hares, 6 peacocks, and 
10 "braones"" (capons). 

Whilst the Bailiffs of Winchelsea, five years later (1250), 
were ordered ^^ to provide 5,000 whitings for the King's use 
at Winchester at Christmas; and also to send to Westminster 
the like number of whitings, 150 haddock, and 100 congers, 
against the Feast of St. Edward (March 18th). They were 
also, within another ten days, to buy in their town 20 seams 
of plaice, 3,000 whitings, 300 congers, and whatever other 
good fish they could buy : so that the King might have them 
at Westminster at Easter, which happened on the 27th 
March in that year. They were also to send to Westminster, 
on the vigil of St. Edward, 4,000 good whitings, 3,000 good 
plaice, 6,000 good fresh herrings, and a sufficient quantity of 
fat congers, and other good fish. 

When Queen Kleanor was going abroad, in 1254, the 
Sheriff of Sussex was, on 15th April, ordered to provide for 
her passage'® 60 quarters of coal (charcoal), 100 cart loads of 
wood, 20 quarters of salt, 30,000 eggs, 1,000 lbs. of tallow 
and lard, 1,000 ells of canvass, 30 doz. of chickens, 30 doz. 

«« Ibid, 41 Hen. in. " Rot 01., 86 Hen. IIL 

>« Ibid, 57 Hen. III., where the sberiiE i* lib. roll, S8 Hea. lU. The Sheriff 

is allowed £70 for the ezpeDces. was allowed 288. in this year for the 

>« Pat, 49 £dw. IIL;— 4 Hen. V. purchase of " Braones** and hens, sent 

■^ Lib. roll. 29 Hen. III., m, 11. to the Queen in the previous year. 
>« Ibid, 80 Hen. IIL 



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PBODUCB OF AND SUPPLIES FlfcOM SUSSEX. 119 

hens, 40,000 dishes, 100 cakes, 100 gallons of vinegar, 
4,000 onions, and 60 quarters of flour. 

The number of hens must have been very large to supply 
so great a quantity of eggs. 

The relative price of provisions in the county at this 
period is on record :" for Richard le Waleys, who rented 
Terring manor, in 1277, had to supply his landlord, the Arch- 
bishop, with wheat at 18d. a quarter; oats at 8d. ; four gallons 
of the best ale for a penny; the carcass of a fat ox for 16d. ; 
a fat hog for 8d. ; a fat sheep for 4d. ; two fat geese for a 
penny; four fat hens for the same sum ; and 100 eggs also for 
a penny. 

The Bishop^ 8 Stocky in his manors, had been fixed in 
1227, by Bishop Ranulph (Ralph de Neville, Lord Chan- 
cellor), at 152 ploughing oxen, 100 cows, 10 bulls, 3150 
sheep, 120 she-goats, 6 he-goats, and 10 cart horses; which 
were to be perpetually kept, lest a newly-appointed Bishop 
should exact anything from the poor of the manors for stock.^ 

Of Jresh fish we find two not unimportant entries: — 
The King sold, in 1381, to Sir Edward Dalyngrugge, for 
five pounds, all the common fish in a fish-pond in the manor of 
Mailing — ike temporalities of the See of Canterbury, then 
vacant, being in the King's hands.^^ And on account of the 
great scarcity of eels and fresh fish, in 1391, at Chichester 
and on the coast between Dover and Portsmouth, the Col- 
lector of Customs was directed, till further orders, to allow 
them to be brought from abroad free.^ 

Affrays in Parks. — The Assize and other Rolls abound 
with records of prosecutions against those who broke into 
the parks, stole or shot the deer, and carried away the 
game ; and the clandestine pursuit of game was, as it still is, 
accompanied by violence against the keepers. I give some 
examples of what took place in the 13th and 14th cen- 
turies : — 

William de Stranes, Vicar of Cuckfield, was sentenced, in 
1294, to three years' imprisonment for taking deer in John 

■» PBt, 6 Edw. I. « Pat, 6 Rich II. 

» Chart, 11 Hen. III. » lU>t CL, 15 Bioh. H. 

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120 PRODUCE OF AND SUPPLIES FROM SUSSEX. 

de Warren's park at Cuckfield f^ and he obtained his pardon 
and release only after he had been confined at Guildford from 
2nd February till the Feast of the Holy Trinity, 13th June. 

Edward St. John had cause of complaint against Adam 
Parker, of Petworth, John de Dudelesfold, and William de 
Heresworth, for breaking into his parks and free warrens'^ at 
Beugenet, Berlavington, Flexham, Lodegarshall, Sutton, 
Cotes, Egdean, and Fittleworth, driving away his deer, and 
taking his hares, rabbits, pheasants, and partridges. 

In 1344, not only did the Bishop of Chichester complain 
of John Bury, and others, for breaking into his parks, but 
Richard Earl of Arundel complained of John de Egeline of 
Crosham, John Pardieu, and others, for entering his warrens 
and chaces of Eastdean,** Westdean, Charlton, and Singleton ; 
the complaints of both being for driving away deer, and 
taking and carrying away hares, rabbits, pheasants, and 
partridges. 

Eleven years afterwards, a still worse raid was made in 
the Earl's seven parks, in his forest of Arundel, in his 
seven free chaces, and in his five free warrens ;*• and the 
*' malefactors," not content with driving away his deer, and 
taking and carrying away his hares, rabbits, pheasants, and 
partridges, ill-treated and imprisoned his Bondswoman, "nief," 
and servant Alice atte MuUe, whom they found at Keurdford, 
and then took her to Worminghurst, and there imprisoned 
her again ; so that he lost her services for a long time. 

The Archbishop of Canterbury fared no better. In 1375, 
four men, named Cat of Rotherfield, and other malefactors of 
that place, Farenche (Frant) and Withyham, broke into his 
park of Franchame, in Wadhurst, took away some deer, and 
wounded others with arrows, and left them ; and beat and 
wounded the park keeper ^ and his servant so much that 
their lives were despaired of.** 

Hunting has yet its great attraction for Sussex men* 
We have learnt from the papers of the Rev. Edward Turner 

<* Rot. CI.. 22 Edw. L were 2d. a day, with sometimes a robe 

** Pat 9 Edw. III. or a mark of silYer in lieu of it : the 

*> Ibid, 18 Edw. IIL wages increased to 8d. a day a oentary 

M Ibid, 29 Edw. III. later. 
*7 The usual wages of a park keeper *• Pat, 49 Edw. IIL 

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FBODUCE OF AND SUPPLIES FBOM SUSSEX. 121 

of the sports on Ashdowne Forest; and in the present volume 
of the Abbot of Battle's rights of hunting. The past glories 
of the Charlton Hunt have been recorded in our pages ;'^* and 
now I give some early notices of the sport :-r- 

So early as 1187, we find the Bishop of the Diocese, Sef- 
frid IL, not only hunting, but fined ten marks, for carrying 
his sport, without the licence of Henry IF., into certain 
woods, which formed part of the King's escheats.^ When, 
some hundred years later, Eichard Earl of Arundel hunted 
without licence in the then Bishop Gilbert de St. Leofardo's 
woods at Houghton, he did not escape so easily : for the Bishop 
threatened him with excommunication ; and even, when the 
a£fair was arranged, obliged the Earl to observe a fast for his 
error.'^ 

We have, in 1287, an account of an accident which hap- 
pened to an over-zealous sportsman — Walter de la Mare — 
when he followed some dogs in Cuckfield park, running 
after a deer wounded by an arrow.'* Walter went naked 
into a pond after it, and swam to a weedy place, where he 
was drowned. 

In August and September, 1303, the King's huntsmen, 
John Lovel and his fellows, were sent with his dogs to 
Ashdowne Forest to hunt for the King's use, and were allowed 
£10 2s. 6d. for their wages and for food for the dogs." 
These are still the months for hunting the red deer on 
Exmoor;'* and, till the recent enclosure of the New Forest, 
the Queen's stag hounds hunted there in these months. 

Richard Earl of Arundel obtained, in 1345, licence to hunt in 
Worminghurst park, which Edward had taken into his hands 
with other lands belonging to the Abbey Fecamp, and had 
granted to Alianor de Bellemonte, then the wife of the Earl.** 
And John de Spyney, a huntsman, obtained of the Archbishop 
of Canterbury (1349) the custody of the park, warren, and 
foreign wood of Slyndon for life, receiving a bushel of wheat 

*» Subs. Aroh. Ck>ll., vol. xv., p. 74. ** See an excellent account of the 

»> In 3d Hen. II. Madox, i., p. 562. Chace of Wild Deer in Devonshire and 

*i Gent Mag. for March^ 1865, p. 851. Someraetehire, publiahed in 1862, under 

** Afi8ise roll, 16 Edw. I. the name of C. P. Collyns, but the work 

*> Lib. roll, 82 Edw. L This was be- of **one of Her Majesty's counsel learned 

fore the royal hunting seat was built: in the law." 
see Suss. Aroh. Ck>U., yoL xiy., p. 45. ^ Pat, 19 Edw. IIL 

XVU. B 



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122 PBODUCB OF AND SUPFLIBS FROM SUSSEX. 

weekly out of the manor, and IBs. 4d. a-year for a robe and 
shoes; and for his boy, half-a-bushel weekly of the coarser 
gram — barley.** 

A person of note, John Pelham, was appointed by the 
Archbishop of Canterbury forester of the Forest of La 
Broille and of the woods of the Bailiwick of Southmalling, 
master of the game in the parks of the Plashet, More and 
Eingmere, and overseer of the fishery of Southmalling, for 
life; and had his appointment confirmed, in 1397, by the 
Crown." 

There are many entries of the appointments of keepers to 
other parks and forests whilst they were in the hands of the 
Crown, by forfeiture or otherwise. 

We have not many records of the Heronbies, of which 
there must have been several in the county. Edward I. 
had one in his manor of Iden, which he reserved to the 
Crown, when, in 1297, he granted that manor to Robert 
Paulyn, one of the Barons of Winchelsey, for life." 

I might pursue my subject through the reigns of many 
subsequent Sovereigns; but the pages of our annual collec- 
tions are not numerous enough to contain what would well 
fill an entire volume. 



»• Rot CL, 23 Edw. m. •• Jb., 26 Edw. L 

" Pftt, 21 Rich. IL 



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NOTES ON RYE AND ITS INHABITANTS. 



EDITED BT 

a BLADE BUTLER, P.S.A. 



The valuable and full History of this Town, published by 
my friend, Mr. HoUoway, in 1847, has still left several 
matters to be fully noted; and I avail myself of the free 
access to the wills and public records, to afford our members 
some hitherto unnoticed details. 

That wine was one of the principal imports in the 13th 
century, we learn from Madox (vol i., p. 568) : the men of 
this town andWinchelsea being fined 10 casks for a contempt 
and trespass in 1246. 

King's Galleys were formerly built and repaired at this 
Port. In 1252, the Sheriff, William de Micheldovere, spent 
£20 in repairing these galleys here; and in the next year, 
the further sum of £39 17s. Id. in their repair and in keep- 
ing them, and for the wages of 84 sailors, during 40 days, in 
taking them with the King to Gascony ;^ but he waited for 
13 years for the repayment. 

A Fair was granted, in 1290, for three days: on the eve, 
day, and morrow of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin.* It 
is now held on 25th August; and the market (now held on 
Wednesday) was at first held on Friday; and was changed 
in 1405 to Saturday.' 

Additional Town Walls were, we know from Camden, 
built in the reign of Edward III. ; and they were commenced 
year in his time : for we have, in 1 336, a murage grant for three 
years^ to the Mayor, Barons, and Commonalty ; and another 



I Lib. roll, 45 Hen. UL * Chart, 6-7 Hen. IV. 

« Pat, 18 Kdw. L « Pat, 10 Bdw. HI. 

B 2 



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124 RYE AND ITS INHABITANTS. 

for five years,* in 1343, which was extended for another five 
years^ in 1348. 

Nevertheless, in 1337, fifty- two tenements and one mill 
were burnt by the French. In 1369 the Mayor, &c., had a 
licence to enclose their town, " which had been burnt by 
foreign enemies," with a stone wall, and to fortify and 
crenelate it;^ and in 1372, they were to have for three 
years the profit of the Bailiwick of the Town and £8 yearly 
out of the issues of the King's manor of Iden, to aid them 
in making walls, ditches, gates, and pales, in and round the 
Town.' 

In the first year of the new King's reign (1377), the cus- 
toms were granted to the men of Rye® for five years, in aid of 
walling and fortifying the Town, and building two vessels, 
called "Balyngers," of 32 oars each, for its defence. All was, 
however, useless : for, on 29th June in that year, the Town 
was "totally burnt by the King's enemies.'"® But the Barons 
began at once to enclose and re-fortify it with a stone 
wall, towards which the King allowed them £18 a-year, 
for two years,'* out of his farm of the town." In 1380 
it was again burnt; and four years after (1384) **it 
being understood that the French were trying to take it, 
and themselves to keep it and fortify it,"" Simon de Bailey, 
Constable of Dover, John de Cobham, John Devereux, and 
Edward Dalyngrigge were appointed to see how it could 
be best and quickest fortified ; and it was directed that as 
many trees as were necessary for its enclosure and fortifi- 
cation should be cut in the woods of Brede and other woods 
of the Abbot of F^amp, in this county ; and 200 oaks were 
to be cut in the park of Crowhurst, and taken to this Town, 
for the same purpose." 

The Town escaped on this occasion ; but, in 1448, it was a 
fourth time entered and burnt. 

Barons. — In the Nonse Roll (1342) we have the names 
of the thirty Freemen, or widows of Freemen, of the Town 

» Pat, 17 Edw. in. • D)., 1 Rich. IL 

• lb., 22 Edw. in. See Oooper*B '^^ lb., 8 Rich. n. Jeake does not 
Winchelsea, for parUcuIars of these give the exact date. 

attacks. »' Ibid. 

7 lb., 43 Edw. IIL *• lb., 8 Rich. n. 

• lb., 46 Edw. IIL " Ibid. 

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RYE AND ITS INHABITANTS. 125 

at that time, who were on that account free from charge to 
the subsidies levied on the owners of property in the 
county.** The charter being, that whenever any tenth, 
fifteenth, or other sum or tax should be granted by Parlia- 
ment, the barons, their heirs and successors, and the ports 
and members, and the lands, tenements, and goods and chattels 
of the barons, their heirs, and successors, and of other resi- 
dents in the ports, or any of them, whether they were within 
the liberties of the ports and members, or without, in the 
counties of Kent and Sussex, should not be taxed. 

LA BYE. 

Thomas Northward, John Birohe, 

John Saleme, Richard Joce, 

Richard Thomas, Henry Smyth, 

John Ambreys, Elias Loney, 

Robert Rolf, Richard Whyto, 

Vincent Hulle, Martha Kyttoy, 

William Eliet, Mathew Parys, 

Robert Arnold, John atte Wode, 

Laurence Conrboille, Robert Buohier, 

William Thomas, William Hokere, 

Paul Marchaunt, Nicholas Penlyn, 

John Paulyn, Robert Marchaunt, 

John Tevegod, Stephen Russell, 

Ralph Rolf, John Dyges, 

Alice Hogge, John Buohier. 

I now proceed to notice some Wills, which have never 
been printed : — 

The first is of Robert Crouche, of Rye, who left a 
house for the chantry priest, and a silver standing cup with 
cover, for the use of the church here, and sums to the 
churches of Ddimore, Peasmarsh, and Pett. Like other dis- 
positions of this period, the testament and will are separate, 
the testament relating only to the Testator's personal estate, 
and being in Latin; while the will, comprising the real 
estate, is in English. Of the personal history of this Robert 
Crouche, I can learn but little. At the coronation of Richard 
IIL, in July 1483, he was one of the Barons for Rye, to- 
gether with Adam Oxenbridge, the then Mayor of Rye, and 
Thomas Bayen." This Adam Oxenbridge was brother to 

>« See list of others, ante., p. 66. >« Suss. AroK. Coll., vol. xv., p. 182. 



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126 



RYE AND ITS INHABITANTS. 



Thomas Oxenbridgft, Sergeant-at-Law, the eldest brother of 
Sir Goddard Oxenbridge, of Brede or Forde Place, Kt." 
Crouche was Mayor of Rye in the years 1491 and 1495. 



In Deo nomine, amen. Ego, Bobertos 
Orouche,'^ de Ria, Cioestriensis Diooesi, 
ootavo die Augusti, anno domini mil- 
leeimo oocxjLZZXxyn., compos mentis, 
oondo testamentom meum in huno mo- 
dam. In primis, lego animam meam 
Deo patri et fillo et spiritui aancto. 
Corpus meum sepeliendum eoolestastica 
sepultnra in portion anstrali, eocleede 
paroohialis de Ria predicta. Item, lego 
summo altari ibidem pro decimis meis 
oblitis sex solidoe et octo denarioe. Item, 
lego feretro Sanoti Rioardi Cioestriensis, 
qnatuor denarios. Item, lego [oullibet] 
quatuor feUolomm meorom, yidelioet, 
Roberto Waite, Roberto Symonde, Ro- 
berto Teston, et Babeloni Getbert ad 
corpus meum sepulture mee cuilibet 
ipsorum, sex solidos et octo denarios. 
Item, lego f eliole mee Anne Ozy nbragge, ' * 
vigenti solidos. Item, Maigarete Hay- 
ward, zxs. Item, Sibelle Hunt, vigenti 
solidos. Item, fiibrice ecclesie paro- 
ohialis de Ria, vju xiij- iiii^. Item, lego 
Ricardo Mersall, ziij* iiij^. Item, lego 
unam orateram stantem oumcooporterio 
de argento ecclesie de Ria, pro calice p . . 
Item, lego ecclesie de Udemer zx*. Item, 
omnia ntensilia sive staurum domus 
mee Margarete, uzori mee. Item, 
lego . . . Lucas xiij* iiij^. Item, lego 
uzori meeduasvaccas. Item, lego unam 
crateram meam aigenteam, Laurencio 

<< Ibid., vol. viii., p. 281, see pedigree. 

^ Record office, Ministers' Accounts. 
Sussex, wills, kc T. G., 16,064. 

Ts Suss. Arch. Coll., vol. viii., p. 217. 

19 In the early ages of the Christian 
Church it was customary to bury persons 
of rank or of eminent sanctify in the 
church porch ; none being allowed to be 
buried within the church itself. When 
the rigour of this rule first began to be 
relaxed, it was ordered by the canons of 
King Edgar, that none but good men and 
religious should be buried in churches, 
as only worthy of such sepulture. — 
Stateley't BUtory of Churchei, p. 268, 
Audry, who died of the pestilence in 669, 



In the name of God, Amen. I Robert 
Crouche, of Rye, in the Diocese of Chi- 
chester, this eighth day of August, in the 
year of the Lord 1497, being of sound 
mind, make my testament in this man- 
ner :— First, I leave my soul to God the 
Father and Son and Holy Ghost, and my 
body to be buried in the Church Burying 
place, in the south porch ** of the Parish 
Church of Rye aforesaid. Also, I be- 
queath to the high altar there of the 
same, for tithes by me forgotten, six 
shillings and eightpence. Also, I be- 
queath to the shrine of Saint Richard of 
Chichester,*^ fourpenoe. Also, I bequeath 
to each of my four godchildren» 
name1y,BobertWaite,^ Robert Symonde, 
Robert Teston, and Babelon Gethert^ 
for buiying my body, ... to each of 
them, six shillings and ei^tpenoe. Also, 
I bequeath to my goddaughter, Anne 
Oxynbrigge, 20s. Also, to Margaret 
Hayward, 20s. Also, to Sibella Hunt» 
20s. Also, to the fabric of the Parish 
Church of Rye, £6 18s. 6d. Also, I be- 
queath to Richard Menall, ISs. 4d. Also, 
I bequeath one silver standing-cup and 
cover to the Church of Rye, for a chalice. 
Also, I bequeath to the Church of Ude- 
mer, 208. Also, all my utensils or stores 
in my house to Margaret, my wife. Also^ 
I bequeath to . . . Lucas, Ids. 4d. 
Also, I bequeath to my wife, two cowa 

and Chad, who died in 672, with others 
of reputed sanctity, being anxious to 
keep near the church, were some of the 
earliest burials within the church poroh. 
The churchwardens* accounts of Ban- 
well, Somersetshire, contain the follow- 
ing entries : *' 1521, Reed. Robert Cabzll, 
for lyying of his wyffe in the porch, » 4«*; 
Reed, of Bobart Blundon, for lying of 
his wyffe in the church, 6" 8^." 

«> See will of Richard de la Wyoh, 
Bishop of Chichester, commonly called 
Saint Richard, printed at length in Suss. 
Aich. Coll., vol. i., p. 164. 

» See wiU of this Robert Wayte, post 
p. 180. 



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BYE AND ITS INHABITANTS. 



127 



Ftephyn. Item, lego eoolesie de Pee- 
merahe, xiij* iiij^*. Item, lego fratribus 
de Bia, vj* viij^'. Item, lego fabrice 
eooleaie de Pett, vj* viij*'. Item, lego 
Johamii Ookfelde, olerioo paroohie de 
Bia, zij^. Item, lego Willielmo Berj, 
BaoriBtano ibidem, viij^. Besidaum 
Toro bonorum meoram do et lego. Mar- 
garete uxori mee, Laarenoio Stephyn, et 
Johanni Gaymer, quoe fiioio exeoutoree 
meoe, oum supervisione magistii Willi : 
Boydeout vicarij de Bia prediota ad 
fid^iter diq;)onendum ligata mea pro- 
dicta pro salute anime mee et omnium 
fidelium defunctorum prout melius vide- 
bit ezpediro; et volo quod supenrlBor 
meus habeat pro laboro suo, zx', et dio- 
tos LauranoioB pro laboro buo, zx', et 
diotos Jobaimes Gaymer pro laboro buo, 
(xx-0 



The will follows next: — 

This Ib the last wille of me, Bobert 
Crouche of Bye» made the viijth daye of 
the monthe of August, the yero of our 
Lord a MOCGOLZXXXvn., to my feofEes 
for my landys and tenementis in ther 
handys, beynge : — First, I wille that my 
wife, Margaret, have my principall house 
that I dwell in terme of her life, fyndynge 
the pasoall yeraly of the Parishe Churoh 
of Bye, and alBO vj* viy^ yeroly in part of 
payment to a preBte*s wages ; and after her 
disseaoe [I will] that Laurans Stephyn 
have my seid principall house to hym 
and his heirs, fyndynge the said pasoall, 
and payinge vi* viij^ yeroly to the seide 
preBt ; and if so be the seid Laurans dye 
withoute issae ofhiB bodie lawfully be- 
gotyn, that than the aaide house to be 
Bolde and don for them it oumyth of by 
the advise and discreoion of myn exeou- 
tours and feofEes, fynd3mge the seide paB- 
eall, and paying yeroly the preste's wages, 
vj* viij^ as is aforesaeid. Also, I wille 
that my medowes and pastures, that I 
bought of John Mercer, of Haukeherst, 
and all my rowe of stables nighe the 
Strande, with all ther appurtenaunce, also 



Also, I bequeath my one silver cup to 
Lawrence Stephyn. Also, I bequeath to 
the Churoh of Pesmarshe, ISs. 4d. Also, 
I bequeath to the Brethren of Bye, 6b. 8d. 
Also, I bequeath to the fabric of the 
Churoh of Pett, 6b. 8d. Also, I bequeath 
to John Cokaelde, Parish Clerk of Bye, 
I2d. Also, I bequeath to William Bery, 
Sacristan there, 8d. Moreover, the residue 
of my goods I give and bequeath to Mar- 
garet my wife, Lawrence Stephyn, and, 
John Qaymer, whom I make my executora 
with the superviBion of Master William 
Boydecut, Yicar of Bye aforesaid, faith- 
fully to diq[>OBe of my bequests for the 
salvation of my own soul and of all the 
faithful dead, as to them may seem best 
And I will that the sapervisor of my 
will shall have for hlB trouble, 20b. ; and 
the said Laurence for his trouble, 20b. ; 
and the said John Gaymer ** for hlB 
trouble, 20b. 



a peoe of mcdowe londe, liyng in a lane 
ledjmge from Bie forsaid to Lewsham, 
forthwith, vj* viij*, to be paled oute of 
my principall house forsaid, be ordejmyd 
and disposed for the beheste of a prest 
yeroly syngynge for my soule my fader's 
soule, and moderns, and for all oristen in 
the chirohe of Bie, which prest Bhalbe 
chosyn by the vicar and maire of Bie for 
the tyme be3mge, and the more of hia 
-bretheme, whan that it fortunyth any 
tyme to be vacaunte. Also, I wille that 
Margaret, my seid wife, have my iy 
howsBB, that is to say, the house that John 
Boteler nowe dwelleth, also the house 
that BrickettB nowe ie in, and the house 
that SturmeiB Love late hadde, terme of 
here life, and after her diflseace the seid 
howBynge to be aolde and doe for them it 
oumyth of, by the adviee of my seide 
feoffee and executors. Also, I wille that 
liaurans Stephyn have x acres of mershe 
land, called Bippes Peace ; also, the seid 
Laurans to have the • . . londe the lesse 
and the more ; also, the seid Laurans to 
have the mershe that I had of Potter, 
with the Wodelond beneth and the feld 



" Henry Gaymer, a descendant of the abovei was mayor in 1571-88-89. 

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128 



BYE AND ITS INHABITANTS. 



above. AIbo, I wille the sftld Ijaurans 
have my ahoppea, so that tiie seid Laor- 
ana bilde a newe house auffioient for the 
seid prest to dwelle in. Also, I wille 
that the seid Laurans have all my landes 
that I had of John Kette and of Bogger 
Holman, liynge at the Brokkys grene, 



and also to have HuUea, with th' appur- 
tenaunoe. Also, I wille that Margaret, my 
seide wife, after my disseaoe, have my 
Wisshe with the croft thereto per- 
teynynge, term of her life, and after 
her disseaoe to rema3me to Laurans 
8teph3m for evermore. 



In the Chantry return, temp. Edward VL, John Fuller 
was the stipendiary priest, and 60 years of age. The emolu- 
ments were £6 13s. 4d. ; but the premises were all '* in olde 
ruinate houses, and the repaireing of them yerlie wilbe verie 
chargeable." 

I gladly avail myself of the facilities now afforded to literary 
enquirers, by the Judge of the Chief Court of Probate, to give 
some interesting notices of the wills of four more townsmen of 
Eye, in the first years of the reign of Henry VIIL, when the Au- 
gustine Friars at Rye and the Friars at Winchelsea were still 
flourishing. They are of earlier date than the two wills men- 
tioned in Mr. Holloway's History of the Town, (p, 481 et seq.) 

In Dei nomine, amen. Anno domini In the name of Qod, amen. In the 
millesimo qoiogentesimo deoimo,zxvij. year of oar Lord 1510, the 27th day of 



die mensifl SeptemhriB. Ego, Robertas 
Bawdewen de Bya,** oondo testamentam 
in hunc modum. In primis, lego ani- 
mam meam Deo omnipotente, Beate 
Marie Viigini et omnibus Sanctis ; oor- 
pasqne meam sepeliendam in cimiterio 
eoclesie paroehialis de Bya antedicta. 
Item, lego same altari ibidem, iij* iiij'. 
Item, lego reparaoionibus eoclesie de 
By a predicta, rf viy*. Item, lego fra- 
teribas Sancti Aogustlni apud Biam, iij* 

** He was mayor in 1509. 

** The Chapel of the Friars of St. 
Augustine is still standing, half way 
down Conduit Hill, Rye ; and in its day 
must have been a very fine building, 
being 68 feet long and 26 feet wide. 
Jeake, in his Charters of the Cinque 
Ports, p. 106, has the following extract 
from the record of the town, in 1524 : — 
** A Monastery of the Friers Heremites 
of St. Augu8tine*s, the Chapel whereof 
is yet standing, erected anno 16 Hen. 
VIIL, and dissolved by him shortly after 
with the first dissolution, in the twenty- 
seventh year of his reign, because the 
revenues were not two hundred pounds 
per annum, as it had but a short stand- 
ing ; for that it was not elder than the 
eUteenth year of that Kkg." I gather 



Reptember, I, Bobert Bawdewen of Bye, 
make my testament, in this manner:— 
First, I leave my soul to Almighty Ood, 
the Blessed Vii^n Mary, and to all 
Saints; my body to be buried in the 
Churchyard of the Parish Church of Rye 
aforesaid. I bequeath to the high altar 
there, d* 4'. Also, I bequeath, for the 
repairs of the Church of Rye aforesaid, 
6* 8^. Also, I bequeath to the Brethren 
of Saint Augustin at Bye» » I*** But 

from a passage I found in the records of 
this town, in that year, which was thus : 
"Rodem anno scilicet quarto die Sep- 
tembris, erect: fuit t^ument: fabrics 
fratrum heremitarum Sancti Aagustini 
infra villam pnedictam, ez impensis 
cujusdam WilHelmi Marshe, agricolae.*' 
Tanner, in his Koticia Monastica, makes 
no mention of this religious edifice, but 
in the close roll of Edward IL is the 
following:— 28 Benedictos Cely et Alii 
dederunt Priori prindpali et fratriboa 
heremitar : de ordine Sancti Augastini de la 
Rye, quandam plaoeam continentem duaa 
acras terre cum pertinenciis in villa 
pnediota sibi et successoribus suis pro 
inhabitaoone sua in liberam purun et 
perpetuam elemosinam. Sussex. 



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BTB AND ITS INHABITANTS. 



129 



iilj^. Besidaum vero omnium bononim 
meonim non legatoram do et lego 
Johanne, uzori mee. quttm fi^io, ordiaOi 
et oonstitao hujos altime voluntatis mee 
et testament! mei, meam ezeoutrioem, 
ut ipsa Johanna, uxor mea, disponatpro 
salate anime mee prout sibi melius vide- 
bit ezpedire. Ac insuper Johannem 
fllium meum ordino faoio et nomino 
hujus mei testament! co^xeoutorem; pre- 
eentibus tunc ibidem Johanne Breere gar- 
diano loci fratrum minoram W3mchel8e7 
et Domino Willielmo Oarnell ** oum alijs, 
die et anno supradiotis. 

The will is as follows : — 

This is the last wUl of me, the saide 
BoBBBT Bawdbtven, made the day and 
yere ut supra. First, I will that my wif 
have my house that I dwell 3m, and the 
house that Bymbell dwelleth yn, to sell 
and to doo with hit as hit shall please hir; 
and I will that my feoffes shall deliver a 



the residue of all my goods not given, I 
give and bequeath to Joan, my wife, 
whom I make, ordain, and constitute of 
this my last will and testament my exe- 
cutrix ; that she, my wife,^Joan, may dis- 
pose of it for the salvation of my soul 
as to her shall seem best and most ex- 
pedient. And, moreover, I ordain, make, 
and appoint my son John co-executor 
of this my testament These being 
then present there, John Breere, warden 
of the house of the Friars minor of 
Winchelsea,» and Sir William Camell, 
with others, the day and yeara foresaid. 



estate (tie) to Thomas Barden and to 
William Massee, to the behoff of my 
wif, Johane, and to see my will per- 
fourmed with the wittnes ut supra in 
testamento. Proved on the 7th day of 
March, 1510, by Joan, the relict, and 
John Bawdewen. 



The will of Robbbt Wymond, who was three times Mayor, 
1503-4-7, gives the following notice of his 



m the years 
family : — 



} 



JOAK, 

Mother of 
Testator. 



Bobert Wymond^^oan, 



Wilirs 



deRya,wmdat 


left 


Uth Mar. 1509, 


exor. 


Prob. at Lam- 




beth, 28th May, 




1510. 

r -nr- — i 1 ^ 


' r — 1 ^ 



under 
age. 



Robert, 
under 
age. 



George, 
under 
age. 



Nicholas 

under 

age. 



A Daur. A Daur. 



He desiree to be buried in the Parish Church of St Mary of Bye, near the Burial- 
place of Joan, his mother. He mentions his lands and tenements in Bye, also a 
tenement in the Myddestreete, which his son William is to have habitation in, paying 
to "* my wife l^ 4<> annually." He bequeaths to the high altar of Bye Church, 9" 4' ; 
to the shrine of St Biohard of Chichester, ij^; for expenses on the day of his burial, 
20" ; for his trental,** 20* ; and for his anniversary, 20*. 



** He was a priest, and also executor 
of the will of John Bewley, 1517. 

*> The Franciscans of Winchelsea are 
mentioned in Dugdale and Leland. See 
also Cooper's Winchelsea. 

XVII. 



v' Mayor in 1525 and 28. 
*• From the French, trentle ; an office 
for the dead in the Church of Borne. 



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130 BYE AND ITS INHABITANTS. 

There is a bequest to Marigery, daur. of John Goodgrome, of Bekle, zx^; and he 
appointe Geo. Meroer ^ co-ezeoutor: with his wife. 

He leayes to Tho. Baker a oow ; to his relict, Joan, a cow and two calves and his 
best cloak (togam) ; to John,*<> *< my son, my tunicam of damaake, called a jacket ;*' 
to John Giles, '* my gold ring, called a signet ;" and the residue is left to his relict. 

The EsTONS were landowners at Ninfield, in the time of 
Edward II., if not earlier; Stephen Eston does not, in 
his will, forget the connection, and gives us these particulars 
of his own family : — 

ESTOK, t=s 



r I 

Goodwyn AVood, Stephen Estons^Elianora, 

my sister. de Rya, com. 

Sussex, will 
dat 3 July, 
1510; Proh, 29 
Aug., 1510. 



superstes, 
left ezor. 



Joan, Agnes, 

a daur. a daur. 

under 16, _ 
Bequest of £10. £10. 

He directs his body to be buried in the Cemetery of the Parish Church by his 
&ther there. 

He bequeaths to the high altars of Newgolford, (Ninfield), 8* 4<i; of Bezill, 8* 4^; 
and of Hoo, 8* i** ; and to the shrine of St Bichard, viij^ ; and also directs a priest 
to celebrate Divine servioe in the Church of Rye for the repose of his soul and that 
of his relatives (parentum) ; to Helen A'Wood he leaves 20* ; to the reparation of 
the Churchof Rye, 6* 8<> ; and to Noviciis juxta Newynden, 40*. 

His relict and Tho. Byrchett'' are left co-executors ; and the witnesses are Tho. 
Gray, curate there, John Barber, et Robert Eston, cum alijs. 

The next is the will of Robert Waytb ;'* and the relations 
named are : — 

WAYTB=|= 

Gabriel \^ayte, Robert Wayte»Margaret, VTilliam Wayte, 

oo-ezor. de Ria, will oo-exor. 

dat 6 July, 
1510; Prob. 
17 Oct., 1610. 

He desires his body to be buried in the Church of St. Mary of Rye ; and leaves to 
the high altar, 8" 4^ ; and to the reparation of the Church windows, v. He men- 
tions his mother, Mai^ret Gaymer, deceased ; and provides an obit in the Par. Ch. 
of Rye for her. He also mentions Richard Edward of Rye. He also refers to pro- 
perty in Rye, and Hethe, oo Kent, and lands called Wekes, in par. of Pleyden and 
St Mary*s marsh. 

» Mayor in 1514. » Mayor in the years 1688—1544— 

» Mayor in 1525 and 1528. 1551. 

>* Stephen Wayte was mayor in 1488. 



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RYE AND ITS INHABITANTS. 131 

He makes a bequest of all the goods in " opella mea'* and i the moveables in the 
"house in which I dwell, voc. implementa ;" and particularly mentions 1 silver salt- 
cellar, 1 cup, 2 murros(oups of mulberry wood), 6 silver spooDMf and I silver goblet, 
2 Bonas (belts), gilt : one of a green colour, the other red ; and bequeaths to Alice 
Wayte 6 silver Epoons and 1 brazen pot 

The suppression of Religious Houses caused some of the 
ejected to be dissatisfied, and to raise disturbances, iiye, 
being a main highway to the Continent, was one of the places 
afiected ; and we have a notice of the fact in the following 
letter of the Mayor and Jurats to Thomas Cromwell, the 
Secretary of State, about the year 1638 : — ^^ 

Our duety unto yor Mastership, remembred : Pleaseth yow, to be advertysed that we 
the xvij day of thys present moneth of Ootobre, receyved yor Mastership letters, 
dated at Stepneth, the vij day of the seyd moneth, by the handes of Thomas Bartle- 
mew, wherein yor Mastership hath wrytten that we shuld put in safe kepyng one 
freer and one prest : for that they shuld have spoken as well certeyn cedycyus and 
heynous wordes ayenst the Ejmge's Highnes as ayenst the Queue's Grace ; wherein 
yf yt leke yow to be advertysed, that about the yd day of the seyd moneth of October, 
we wer asoerteyned partly of the seyd prest mysbehaviour and evell demenour ; 
wherappon we called the seyd prest before us and his accusers, whome we ezamyned 
and sent ther examynacioos to or Lord Wardeyn, vrith the said prest and his aoc jsers, 
which yf he though [t] ezpedyent further myght have examyned them. After that 
or seyd Lord Warden had examyned hym, he comaunded us in the Kynge*s behalf 
to put the seyd prest in sure aud safe kepyng till his Lordship bad advertised the 
K>nge's Highnesse in that behalf, or his Most Honorable Gouncell, whose com- 
aundment we accomplyshed, wher as yet the seyd prest remayneth the knowlege of 
the Kynge*s most gracius pleasure. And as ooncernyng the freer: ymmediatly 
uppon the syght of yor letters, we attach his body, and uppon notyce tiierof yevea 
to or Lord Wardeyn, our seyd Lord Wardeyn comaunded his body before hym, 
wher he remayne^ till such tyme as dy vers persones whom Thomas Bartlemew hath 
named to be wytnesse ayenst hym be retomed fix>m Yamemoth, wher they be as 
yett on fysshing and other ther affayres : at whose retome we be comaunded to bring 
them unto his Lordship to be examyned, whome we dubt not will ascerteyn you the 
truth in everl thing in that liehalf. Gladly we wuld, according unto our duty, have 
answered your seyd letters before this tyme, but the berer of them hath so slakly 
used hymself in the delyveri of them that we culd not before this tyme answer the 
contentes thereof, wherin we dubt not yor Mastershipp in that behalf have us ex- 
cused wherin we shalbemochbounden unto yowasknoweth God, who ever preserve 
yow. 

Wrytten at Rye the xxii j day of Ootobre, by your own the 

MAYBE AND JURATS THBR. 

(Addressed) . To the Right Wurshipfiill Master Cromwell, 

at London. 

The documents in the Record Office, which were till re- 
cently in the State Paper Office, furnish us with particulars 



** Chapter House Hist Documents, 1277. 

S 2 



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132 



RYB AND ITS INHABITANTS. 



of the Seamen in the Town in the reign of James T., and 
lists of the Trained Band and Victuallers in the early part 
of the reign of Charles I. 

A note of the Bonds taken at Rye** of the Mariners, 
1616:— 



Henry Dann, M'. of the 

Ellen of Bye 
Phillipp Mftyler 

. . Cockman 
Bidhard Smyth 
John Skereton 
Badon Parkes 
Edmond Harris 



Tho. Prettye 
Pharo Seely 
William Mackman 
Bobt Doffoot 
John Page 
John Barnes 
John Harris 
Stephen Harris 



Gedeon Dowse 
John Soott 
Bobt Mackman 
Bobt. Godley 

. . Fisher 
Thomas Alexander 



There is a return of the Tbained Bands of Rye, 162^5, 
with the Arms in the Six Wards** into which the Town was 
divided : — it shows the poverty of some of the inhabitants. 



LANDaATB WABDB. 



Jerrine Ck>ze 

William Smeede 

Thomas Harman, bill and scull, non- 
resident 

Bichard Binge 

Thomas Bede, a dry pike, f . 

John Simson 

Bobert Balker, b. and scull, ** extreme 
poore 

Henry Smith 

Godfrey Smith 

Edward Hopkins 



Thomas Hackwood 

Nicolas Mutiner 

William Kent 

John E^night 

Thomas Plowman 

Thomas Standen, a pike, f . 

Mathew Douglas, a dry pike, f., taken 

security 
Thomas Baters, b. and scull, within ten 

dajrs 
Thomas Philpe, b. and scull, very poore 
Henry Coker 



STBAKOATB WABDS. 



Nicholas Pedman, b. and scull 

James Bell, b. and scull 

Thomas Castle, b. and scull, lamentable 

poore 
John Joyner, b. and scull, yery poore 
Edward Philpotts, b. and scull, extreme 

poore 
Phillip Craste, a dry pike» f. 

^ Domestic, James L, 1616, yol. 
Ixxxyiii., p. 109. 
» Ibid., Charles, 1626, 14, No. 47. 
*< The letter " B *' means a bill, souU 



Stephen Underdowne 
John Owen, a d pike, t» within ten 
days 
John Nooneton, b. and scull, verye poore 
James Chalke 

Michaell Pebody, a d pike, f. 
William Fletcher 



was a headpiece or helmet, " d" a dry 
pike, and '*F** means furnished or 
complete. 



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BYE AND ITS INHABITANTS. 133 

THB IflDDLB STBEETB WASDE. 

John Whitte, b. and souU Edward Layneham, b. and aoull 

William Turnor, a dry pike, f., wifihin John Layneham, b. and eoull, within 

four dajs eight days 

James Huysche, b. and scull Oedeon Dowse 
William Field, b. and scoU, hath not to 

buy bread 

THE MABKJETTB WARDB. 

Francis Daniell, a diy pike, f. John Harry 

Bobert Wotton, b. and souU Thomas Bymes, a dry pike, f . 

BADDHrOB WAItDB. 

John Culler, b. and scull, £. Stephen Phillippes, b. and souU, within 

John Dorser, b. and scull, within ten ten days 

dajrs Edward Peterson, b. and scull, lament- 

Bobert Batten able poore 

Biohard Bois Henry Smith 

Thomas Hoone, b. and scull 

WATCHBBLL WARDS. 

John Hownesell*^ Joseph Bennette 

Anthony Hills, b. and scull Bobert Chaud 

Biohard Tonge, a halbert, f. Bichard Brownings 

Thomas ^derson Hugh Bucklaud, b. and scull, in eight 

Nicholas Albone dayes 

Thomas Winter John Staikenbury, b. and scull 

Thomas Fawtley John Howae 

William Skippin John Beecher 

Kye has long been famous for the number of its Public- 
houses. A note of the Bonds ^ taken at Rye of the Victuallers, 
1626:— 

John Creasy, mariner Biohard Boworiil, yeoman, elder 

Stephen Ovingham, mariner Bridget Griffen, widow 

Joane Scott, widow Rowland Clxristmae, inholder 

. . Wyahre, widow Clara Lever, widow 

Bichard Maxfield, taylor Thomas Reemes, mason 

Samson Drew, beer brewer John Pendlebury, innholder 

Thomas Coley, taylor Henry Godsmark, flesher 

John Kempe, ropemaker Elisabeth Armestrong, widow 

Clement Church, Camber Elizabeth Miles, widow 

Elizabeth Harrison, widow Thomas Bromley, shomaker 

John Isaacs, taylor Bobert Page 
Bichard Chaunter, weaver 

There were only two Innholders ; the other houses were 

*7 See Inscriptions in Rye Church— *• Domestic, Charles, 1626, 44, No. 
Hounsell family— Suss. Arch. Coll., vol. 50. 
xiii,p.281. 



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134 RYE AND ITS INHABITANTS. 

kept by persons in business, one of whom was a weaver. In 
many parishes, in the Eastern part of the County, there was 
one person carrying on this trade.*^ 

Harbour. — Between 1658 and 1576, there were several 
proposals laid before the Council for the repair of this then 
" decayed Harbour." One plan, in 1570, was proposed by 
Adryan Skedam at an expense of £3,000; and another, 
in 1574, by De Trente, an Italian. 

At this time the Town suffered from the encroachments of 
the sea; and the Mayor, Jurats, and Commonalty, having, in 
1626, made an application to the Duke of Buckingham for 
a patent for a general collection, for the repair of the 
Fort and Harbour, obtained it in 1627. In its collection, 
however, in Lincolnshire, Mr. Luxford, a merchant, who had 
been deputed by the Justices of the Peace for Sussex to make 
it there, was very roughly handled by Mr. Hearne, a Lin- 
colnshire Justice, who caused him to be whipped as a wan- 
dering rogue, though he showed both his letters patent and 
his deputation. Proceedings were instituted in the Star 
chamber by the Attorney-General against Hearne (in 1628-9) 
for this offence ; and the defendant was committed, and fined 
£200 to the King, and directed to pay £50 damages to Mr. 
Luxford.^ 



HOSPITAL OF ST. BARTHOLOMEW OF RYE. 

Of this Hospital, of which little has been known, I am 
able to give some details. It was situate close to the town, 
though in the parish of Playden, and was under the care of 
the Abbot of F^amp. At first it was for lepers, and then 
for the poor; both brothers and sisters being, according to 
the 59th article of the Customal, admissible with the assent 
of the mayor and commonalty. Its impoverished state, in 
1379, was found on an inquisition,** in the return to which 
the Jurors say that ^^ Robert de Burton, pretending that he is 
Master of the Hospital (in the King's patronage, the tem- 
poralities of the Abbey of Fdcamp being in the King's hands 

» See ante, p. 63. «* Inq^ 8 Rich. IL, No. 108. 

«• Ex. inf., Mr. S. Evershed. 



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BYE AND ITS INHABITANTS. 135 

by reason of the war), hath felled and sold 75 large oaks, 
worth £20, at Brookland, parcel of the Hospital ; that when 
he received possession of the Hospital, he found wheat and 
other corn there in the granges and fields, to the value of 
£10, for the support of the poor of the Hospital, which he 
wasted, and sold for his own use, and gave nothing of it to 
the poor of the Hospital; but permitted, and still does per- 
mit, them to beg daily in the streets of Rye. And when he 
came to the Hospital, he found the land belonging to it — at 
Playden and Brookland — well sown, and the hedges well 
kept up; but now they lye waste and open, without any in- 
closure, to the loss of the Hospital of £20. He also took 
and carried away the muniments, and bulls, and indulgences 
of the Hospital, which were worth 40s. a-year in oblations 
for support of its poor. The brazen vessels of the poor were 
taken for distress, to the value of 26s. 8d., for rent in arrear, 
in the time of the said Kobert : so that the poor have no 
vessels in which they can prepare their dinners; and thus the 
said Robert has made waste, sale, destruction, and dilapida- 
tion of the Hospital and its goods, to the final destruction of 
it, if a remedy be not very soon applied." 

Mr. HoUoway in his " Antiquarian Rambles through 
Rye," has marked the spot where the Hospital stood. It 
was on the north of the path now known as Deadman's 
Lane, leading from Mountfield to Dodeswell, since called 
Queen Elizabeth's well ; and at the south-east comer of a 
meadow belonging to Stanes Brocket Brocket, Esq., on the 
west side of Rye Hill. 

After the dissolution of the Hospital, the site was granted 
in 1542 to Andrew, Lord Windsor. 

The nomination of the chaplain, who was called the 
Wabden, was in the mayor and commonalty : his name in 
time of peace was to be sent to the Abbot of F^amp, and in 
time of war to the Lord Chancellor, by one of whom he was 
to be presented to the Bishop of Chichester, to be by him 
instituted. 



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136 



BTE AND ITS IKHABITANTS. 



The following is a list of the Wardens, so far as I have 
been able to ascertain them with the dates, from the Patent 
Rolls:— 



DATS. 


REIGN. 


KAIUU 




1343 


17 Bdw. m. 


Hugh Pippard 


( It is called the Hoq>ital 
of Lepers 


1878 
1390 


2 Rich. IL 
14 », 


Robert de Burton 
John Waldeby 




1391 


16 „ 


Robert Long 


d. of John Waldeby 


1392 


16 „ 


Robert Repyngdon 


d. of R. Long 


ty 


n 


Thomas de la Chambre 


rea. R. Repyngdon 


1396 


20 „ptl. 


John Sharped 




1397 


21 » 


Thomas Brigge 




1399 


28 „ 


John Hoton 


fOn Nomination of the 
: Mayor and Barons 


1400 


1 Hen. IV. 


Re-appointed 

(John Deye, Chaplain at) 

|the Altar of St Mary,/ 


•' • •• • 


1401 


2 „ 


<in the Chapel of St V 

Catherine, in St Paul's 
( Cathedral, London j 


ezch. with J. Hoton 


»» 


»> 


John Bedford 


rOn Nomination of Mayor 
and Barons 


1405 


6 „ 


John Preston 


The same 


1406 


7 „ 


John Elmeton 


res. of J. Preston 


1413 


1 Hen. V. 


Nicholas Cohiet 


f On Nomination of Mayor 
[ B^nd Barons 


1420 


8 „ 


Thomas Chase 




1442 


20Hen.VL 


John Faukes 
William Tracy 
f John More. Clerk of the 1 
King's Closet j 






1478 

> 


18 Edw. IV. 


d. W.Tracy 



«* Two pieces of land in Playden, 
called Sharpens, containing four acres 
ii^ore or less, hold en of the Manor of 



Playden, by the yearly rent of lid. 
heriot, &C., relief now forms part of the 
Horton Green Farm. 



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SIX REASONS OF THE CINQUE PORTS 

SHOWING WHY THEY SHOULD CONTINUE EXEMPT 
FROM PAYMENT OF SUBSIDIES. 



By THOMAS ROSS, Esq. 



The following extracts from the Black Book of the Cinque 
Ports (1614), shewing *^why they and their members should 
continue exempt from payment of subsidies to his ma^ ac- 
cording to their auncient libertyes, having never heretofore 
bene questioned for any such charge, and being exempt from 
the same by their auncient charters of graunts and confor- 
macions made unto them - by divers Kings of this Realme, 
and confirmed by Acte of Parliam*," may be interesting to 
our numerous subscribers, who may be glad to read from 
the records of the Brotherhood and Guestling the position of 
that ancient body, as described by themselves 260 years 
back, in which they give a statement of their grievances as 
well as the services rendered by them against the formidable 
Armada, &c. 



CONCERNIHa THEIR SERVICES UPON THE SEAS FOR THE DEFENCE 
OF THE REALMS. 1614. 

THE CIZTQ POBTB AS AFPEABETH IN THB BOOK OP EKTBTEa 

And by their auncient oh'" are boand to fjoid yearely to the king uppon f onrtye 
dayee samons, aeven and fiftye shippes, and in them one thousond two hundred 
fourtye and fowre men, warelike appointed and victualled, at their owne ooete, by the 
space of fifteene dayes, and afterwardes soe longe as the kinge shall please, upon the 
king*8 auncient allowance and futer entertaynment 

This navye was aunciently called the king's navye, and was the onely nayye w^ 
the king had, and was trusted w*^ the transporting of the king's person when he 
passed the seas, and of his armyes and forces, and at the ezoessive charges of the 
Cinq Porte, in the reigns of sundry kings of this xealme. This navye hath often- 

xvn. T 



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138 WHY CINQUE PORTS EXEMPT FBOM SUBSIDIES. 

tymes p* formed very great and memorable aervioea, and obteyned fiunoofl TiotoiyeB 
agidiist the enemyee of this kingdome, and in defence and to tiie bono' of the kingea 
and reahne, as is sett forth in the ohronioles, yt being aunciently a rare thing, if the 
raigne of any king passed w*^>at some acceptable service p* formed by the Cinq 
Ports by their said navye. 

And in the tyme of the late most worthey Queen Elizabeth of fismons memory 
vis., in the yeare of onr Lord 1588, they did, at their owne chaige, ftimishe out to 
the sea against the Spaniards, in her then ma**" service, six good servicable shippes 
of warre, every of them above eightye tonne, and one pinnace of thirtye tonne, upon 
her highness commandment, well appointed w<^ men and anmiunioion, at theira 
chai^ge of foure thousand and three hundred pounds. 

ItM In the yeare of our Lord 1595,* in the voyage unto Cales [Cadiz], they were 
charged to p*vide and Aimishe to sea, at theire charge, foure serviceable shipps of 
warre, every of them of the burthen of one hundred and three scorre tonnem well 
manned and victualled, by the space of fyve monethes, at theire charge Qf four 
thousond pounds or thereabouts.' 

It'' They were greatly charged w<^ the lodging, victualling, and transporting of 
sondries, at the voyage into Portugall, under General Norris and Sir Francis Drake, 
and into France, under the Lord Willowbye, and afterwaidss under the Barle of 
Essex, and also at the siedge of Callaoe. 

It^ They were greatly charged in keping greate and warlike watches, and in a sort 
garrisons in their several townes, viz., in some townes fiftye, and in some sixtye, in 
the nyght tyme, and then furnished them w<^ powder, shott, and other weapons, and 
to make fortifications against their severall townes. 

IV^ Upon commandem^ diverse smale fisher boates of the five ports have bene fur- 
nished w^ men to sea, to search and to espye where the enemye was, and to discover 
what number of shippes were at sea. 

The services of the five Cinq Portes, -w^ theire navye, have bene soe profitable 
and acceptable to the kings of this realms, as that by the same kings the ports have 
bene heretofore allowed to make diverse, not dwelling in the ports capiable of the 
liberties of the ports, w^ would contribute to the cbai^ges of the navye of the ports. 
But these oontribueions have bene long since restrayned, and ever synoe the wholl 
charges thereof resteth upon the ports onely. 

1 '* At an assembly held in October, In a petition to the Lord Warden in 

1596, fyve Shippes and one pinnace are 1627, is the following — **and whereas 

offered to Her Ma^v* to suppress her ene- o^" late Sovereigne Ladye Queene Elisa- 

mys in suchwise as heretofore hath byn beth for the better maintenance of the 

already offered with their several Bur* Navye of the Cinque Ports and in con- 

thens, Ordinance, powder and shott for sideration of the good services w<* the 

that purpose. Barons of the ports at their owne 

*' Bye one Shipp, 100 tonne ; powder, chardgs p' formed in 1588 and 96 did by 

1000 weight; Ordnance 2 Sacres, 4 her letters patents in the 48 year of 

Mynions, 8 Falkons, and for every piece Her Baigne grant for Herself her hein 

20 Shott of all sorts. One Pynnace of and successors, to the Barons of the 

Thirty Tonnes ; Ordnance 4 Falkons ; said Cinque ports Townes and Membere 

powder 800 weighte; Shott Twenty of and their sucoeaaors; that then their 

all sorts for every piece.** Becianta and Advocants should have 

I give Uie above because it was the and be allowed in the Exchequer out of 

largest Ship sent by the ports — ^it is evi- every Fifteene graunted or to be 

dent that after the flreing of 20 shot a graunted the scxne of £500 and noe 

return to harbour was necessary to ob- more.** 
tain a fresh supply. ' One of these ships of the ports, at 

1597. They ** sent out 8 Shipps and a the taking of Cadiz, was commanded by 

Hoye** in Her Majesties late service Thomas Lake of Hastings: see Suss, 

towards Spayne.** Arch. Coll., vol. xiv., p. 101. 

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WHY CmQUE POBTS EXEMPT FROM SUBSIDIES. 139 

2. Oonoeniing their aervioes and duuge of ih» p'Tision of the king and reahne. 

The p'vision for freih fiyahe for the king's house, the Oittye ol London, and other 
partes of the realme is made npon the seas hetweene BDgland and Franoe by the fisher* 
men of the Cinq Ports, whose fishing hath bene long tyme by the Fieooh disturbed. 
And of late, since his ma^*" raigne, by the unconsoionable, unlawfull, and unreas<Hi- 
able fishing of the French, the same fishing hath been Teiy much spoyled and de- 
cayed ; for reformaoon whereof, for the defence and maintenance of the said fishing, 
they of the said five Cinq Ports have 1)ene oonstrayned at theire owne ooeto and 
chaige to fomishe ahippes of warre and boates to take the said Frenchmen to sup- 
presse their said disord^ly fishing. . 

8. Concerning their services and charge upon the land in theire owne townes. 

The Cinq Portes being all of them frontier townes of the idngdome and nearest 
unto the ports beyond the seas-*that is to saye, some of them being within three 
houres' sayle of Callioe and Bulloigne, and n^in foure or fyve houres sayle of Dun* 
kerke, Keweporte, and they are, and alwa^ have bene, oonstrayned, in tymes of 
danger, at theire imvate charges to maintaine great watches, and to have in readi- 
ness great qnantityes and stores of powder, matehe, shott, and extraordinarye quan- 
tities and numbers of armes and weapons from the charges whereof the most inferior 
inhabitants there are not exempted. And at this tyme greatlye charged continually 
by releeving infinite numbers of souldiers oomynge out of Denmarke, Holland, 
Zealand ; and further, alsoe some of the ohiefest inhabitants of every of the saide 
ports and townes are daylye oonBtra3med te attend the arrival and going out of all 
passengers, neglecting their owne business, by w** service they have apprehended, 
and doe daily apprehend, diverse dangerous p*sons to the state, and sometymes are 
privately charged to send awaye the said p'aons, and to malnteyne them whilst they 
steyd amongst them. 

4. Concerning the services and charges in places remote upon the land. 

The pMsion of this whoU kingdome and other nations for hearings being yearely 
made upon the seas at Yarmouth, in Norfolk, for w^ purpose the fishere of all the 
parte of this realme doe yearely resort thither in the tyme in the free fayre there, to 
the end that the fishermen resorting thither may not bee burthened or unjustlye 
charged or oppressed by the people of Yarmouth, or any other, during there fishing 
there, the Cinq Ports, at there own charges by there aunoient ch'** and libertyes 
confirmed by aotes of pliament, doe send, and always have sent, two bayliffes of the 
sayd Cinq Portesmen, fittfuU for the most parte in the marrine causes and knowen to 
the fishermen, whoe, together w^ the bailiffes of Yarmouth, have the government of 
the said towne during the said free fayre. 

6. Concerning the p*ticular and ordinaiye charges of the several tewnes of the said 
Cinq Ports. 

The said townes lying alongst the sea coast in the narrowest and most dangerous 
places of the sea where it hath the greatest rage by the continuall violence thereof, 
have always susteyned great hurtes and losses, eq>ecially wth*" the yeares last past have 
sufEered greate inundacions and breaches of their sea banks, besyde the continual] 
ohoaking and stopping upp of theire havens, harbours, and Creekes; for reparaoion 
whereof, and to p'vent like future dangere (if it may be), they have bene oonstrayned 
to bestowe very exceeding greate sumes of money about the making and repayr- 
ing of the sayd sea bankes, and defending the same, and the makeing of other workes 
for the saftye of the said walles, and the keping open of the said havens, w<* ohaiges, 
as they have bene heretofore continuall, although at some tymes more than at 
othen, Boe are they continually to be expected to happen both to the walles and 
havens. Besydes the said ports being for the most p'te sea townes and places of 

T 2 



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140 WHY CINQUE PORTS EXEMPT FROM SUBSIDIES. 

fighing, the trade of merohandiie being in manner ntterlye decayed there, an ezoee- 
sLye multitade of poore people doth dajlye encieaee there. And the said townee not 
having soe great qoantityes of land aa other toWnes wherein the ooantreys have to 
helpe towardee the maintaynance of their laid poore by land tazee, and their abili- 
tyee by the want of trafiqae being greately deoayde, the inhabitants are exoeesivelj 
charged w<^ the mahitenanoe of theiie poore^ fiurre more than any other p*te8 of fhe 
Bealme. 

6. The inconyenienoe w<^ of neceuitye must foUowe, if the ports be compelled to 
paye subsidies. 

The trade of merohandise, and the libertyes and priviledges of the Cinq Ports w<^ 
were aunoientlye graunted unto them by the kings of this land, to encourage men 
of abilitye to inhabite there for the defence of this realme, and maintaynance of the 
nayye of the same ports ; and that the inhabitants there should not be drawne 
fiom there for any afEayres or services either of their owne or of the comon wealth 
to the weakining of the coastes, were the onely means whereby the said charge of 
the navye and aU the said other charges and services pf the said portes, by reason 
that the trade of merchandize there is utterlye decayed, and all the merchandise of 
the kingdome in substance monopolized in London, and by reason that the libertyes 
of the ports (the exemption from subsidies and fifteenes onely exempted), are of noe 
valuable benefitt, if to their sayd decayes it be added that they shalbe sulject to 
subsidies, unto w**' the portes were never heretofore pressed in the tymes of the 
greatest necessityes of the state and kingdome, and most sercitye of peace. The 
consequence moste needes of necessitye f ollowe that from thenceforth noe men of 
abilitye will come to inhabite so dangerouslye where they should f ynde soe extraor- 
dinarye charge, accompanied w*** often feare of spoyle and losse of their whole es- 
tates. And those that are nowe dwelling shall be constrayned to abandon their habi- 
tations to avoyde these inconveniences, and then the most dangerous frontyer coasts 
of the realme shalle waste the most weake p*tes of the realme and subverte to 
the pleasure of all foreine enimies, w«^ is not so safe at this tyme to be offered to the 
state of Fraunce and the lowe countryes, especially in the dominions of the Arch- 
duke, standing upon noe certaintye of any settled peace; besydes those places of the 
Cinq Ports shall be in manner doubly chaiged than any other p*te8 of the king- 
dome. 

1626. Whereas the Cinq Ports and theire members are injoyned by Lres from the 
Lords of the Councell by his ma'' speciall conmiandment, to sett to sea two shipps 
of 200 tonus apeeoe, at theire owne charge, to serve in these coastes. Three monttis 
to be ready on the last of July instant, as by theire Lres appeareth. This assembly 
therefore, have noiated these p*sons as comitteee to consider uppon the charge and 
course of an orderly p*oeding in p*f ormance of this service and p*vision of the same 
shipps, as also to noiate two persons to travell about the business, ko. — 

Hasting Mr. Brian. Beaford Mr. Elfioke. 

Wtachel*. ...Mr. Butler. Peyen«* ... { ^':^^^ q^j. 

Rye Mr. Maior. (B.Cockeram) Lydd Mr. Milcocke. 

Romney Mr. Godfrey. Fordw<^ Mr. Lukin. 

Hiih Mr. Lambe. Folkstone Mr. Bennett 

Dover Mr. Pringle. FeVsham Mr. Thurston. 

8andw<* Mr. Wilson. TentMen Mr. Beech. 



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FUETHBR MEMORIALS OF SBAFORD. 



By mark ANTONY LOWER, M.A., F.S.A., 

AND 

WILLIAM DURRANT COOPER, F.S.A. 



Since the publication of the seventh volume of our Collec- 
tions, the Public Records have been made more accessible to 
the researches of antiquaries ; and as the last annual meet- 
ing of our Society was held in this member of the Cinque 
Ports, a favourable opportunity was afforded for adding to 
the notices already published in our seventh volume. 

Of the Roman period^ fiirther traces have been discovered 
in the pond above what was the head of the ssstuary, in the 
direction of Sutton, where Roman urns were formerly found : 
the pond is clearly the site of a Roman salt-pan ; and Mr. W. 
H. Black, who has been making a survey of Roman England, 
has been able to trace the stadia along the coast, vi& New- 
haven, to this town. We may also refer our readers to the 
um^ found in 1856 at the Cuckmere. 

Etymology. — This has never been settled, and indeed 
hardly touched upon. The component syllables, sea and 
ford^ are indeed capable of a very eaw explanation; but 
what can they mean in combination? When the Ouse had 
its outlet here, it was a large navigable river, and therefore 
had no ^^ford" {;i)adurn) or safe passage for horsemen and 
pedestrians. We must therefore look farther for the real 
meaning of the word. Whether the first syllable, Sea^ has 
any relation to the ocean, it would be difficult to determine, 
altiiough an analogy will presently be brought forward which 
may be deemed affirmative of such a derivation. As to the 
second syllable, /ore?, there can be little doubt that it means 

* SusB. Aioh. C!oll., voL bL, p. 368. 

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Seafordei 


Seafforde. 


Sa£fbrd. 


Sefordt. 


Sefforde. 


Seeforde. 


Seeford. 


Seafford. 


Seefoarde. 


Sea-Foord. 


Seford. 


Seaford.* 



142 FUBTHEB MEMORIALS OF SEAFOBD. 

a bay, gulf, or sestuary, just as jiord in Denmark, and frith 
9Xi<Si forth do in Scotland. This word may be allied to the 
Latin /r^fwm. Now "Seaford Bay" is a phrase commonly 
applied to the little indent of the English Channel, scarcely 
visible on the map ; but anciently the considerable aestuary 
above referred to was in reality a fair, though perhaps rather 
diminutive, representative of a Scandinavian fwrd^ or a Scot- 
tish forth. Wexford and Waterford, in Ireland, must have 
this origin as to the final syllable; but the most convincing 
evidence of the truth of our theory is the analogous name of 
Seaforth, a projection of the sea on the east coast of the island 
of Lewis in Scotland, to which, " parvis componere magna," 
the old fiord of Seaford must have borne considerable re- 
semblance. 

The records of the Corporation furnish us with the follow- 
ing variations in the orthography of this ancient place : 

Saffordia. 

Sefibrd. 

Saford. 

Seforde. 

Baforda. 

The true ancient pronunciation is " Sea-ford," with equal 
i4itus on eacb syllable, but modern fashion is fast corrupting 
it to S&ford. 

Norman and MedioBval Periods. — The Quinzime of the 
Town was accounted for in 1204, temp. John,' and that 
King's visit here, on his way from Canterbury to Win- 
chester, in May, 1216, has been noticed; but whilst here on 
23rd May, he signed a free pass for Simon, son of William 
de Avrenches, and Cecilie his wife, who had sold in that 
year the adjoining manor of Sutton to Robertsbridge Abbey, 
for the purpose of raising funds for payment of the ransom 
required from the father for having been in arms against the 
King. 

During the reign of Henry III., we have many entries, 
showing that the Town was then of no small importance. 
The chief owners of property were the De Warrens; and we 
have an incidental reference to the pilgrimage of William, 
the sixth Earl, to the shrine of St. James of Compostella. 

9 Inf. H. BimmonB, Esq. * Addl MS., 6344, col. 685. 

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FUBTHEB MEMORIALS OF 8EAF0RD. 143 

On 2nd October, 1220, the King directed the Sheriff 
that he had committed to the care of Robert de Coudraj 
the land of 100 shillings value, with the appurtenances in 
Seaford, which Warren de Glapin formerly held, to hold 
himself at the King's service.* On 10th November, 1222, 
the same land was committed to the charge of Robert de 
Barevill;* and on 8th Feb., 1223, the Sheriff was com- 
manded to allow Hugh de Acres to enter upon this land, 
late Robert Coudray's, until William Earl of Warren should 
return from his journey to St. James.* 

On 3rd of the same month, the King had directed the 
Bailiff that no sectary of wine should be sold for more 
than 6d., which would be 4d. a pint;^ and as the wages of 
skilled artizans were only 6d. a-day, claret was quite as 
dear then as it is in our day. 

On 8th Feb., 1225, the Baili£& were directed to allow 
William de Warren to send away a ship, captured by the men 
of Lewes, in which were the goods and merchandise of William 
" Pictavus," to be given up to the King of France. And 
on 22nd of the same month, to allow one " Somecam" to go 
free, which the Prior of Lewes was sending to Cadomum" 
(Caen) for stone to build his church — William Cuinterel re- 
ceiving 12d. for his journey as messenger* to this and the other 
Cinque Ports as far as Hythe. William de Vedom only had 
9d. for going to Hastings, Pevensey, Seaford, and Shoreham ; 
and 18d. was allowed to another for going to all the Ports; 
whilst on 26th August, in the following year, the Bailiffs 
were specially directed not to allow any one to depart the 
Port without the King's special authority.^** 

A Hermitage existed on the Cliff here; and on 10th 
March, 1372, Peter the Hermit here had his letters of pro- 
tection for the unusually long period of five years *^ — the 
usual licence being for one year only. 

* Rot Lit.'Cl., 4 Hen. m., m. 2. He • lb., 9 Hen. III., m. 18. This fixes 
also held land of the King*8 manor of the date of part of the Priory buildings 
Ferles. at Lewes. 

* lb., 7 Hen. m., m. 26. ' n>., m. 10, and 27. 

* lb., m. 18. •» lb., 10 Hen. III., m. 7, a like writ 
^ lb., m. 20, in dorso. The same di- was sent to Shoreham and all the Cinque 

rection was given to Ohioheeter, bhore- Ports, except Dover. 

ham, Pevensey, Hastings, Winchelsea, " Pat, 56 Hen., IXL, m 18 

and Bye, and 38 towns in other counties. 



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144 



FURTHER MEMORIALS OF 8EAF0RD. 



In the subsidy of 23 Edward !• (1296), we have the fol- 
lowing names returned" for Seaford; and from it we learn 
who were the Burgesses and Jurats holding land : — 







8. d. 






8. d. 


Robert de Bemette - 


• 


- 6 91 


Ralph, the Miller - 




• * i 


William Burdone 


- 


. 171 


Genraffy the Fisherman 




. 3 1| 


Robert Koleman 




. 5 Hi 


Alex. Pelipar (Tanner) 




- 4 2f 


Elia MarescaU 




. 8 


Ralph Prenie - 




- 9 2 


Robert de Mjddton - 




- 10 11 


John Boaae, senr. 




. 20 8i 


William Burel 




. 2 4t 






- 2 5 


John Boese, jmir. 




19 


William Jacket 




- 2 


William atte Gardine 




- 4 i 


Emma, the ^lictof Seman 


- 3 1 


IsabeU. relict of Riohd. Giflsor 


. 2 8} 


William Bykedenn - 


• 


- « 1 


Margaret de Ely 


- 


. 21 10 


Philip of Chyntyng • 


• 


- 3 8| 


John, the Packer - 


• 


6 2t 


QeoffryCack . 


- 


. 8 6i 






JURATI. 










B. d. 






8. d. 


Thomaa Richard 




. 6 If 


Henry le Strong 




- 4 101 


Walter Craneke 




8 4f 


Richard le Non 




- 6 1| 


Henry Shobregg 




2 6 


William Hobey 




- 6 10 


John de Sapy - 




8 81 


Dugon Gebyon 




- 8 


Robert atte Stigh - 




2 


Gkwro Pelipar - 




- 2 10| 


Richard de Bume - 




. 6 61 


Lawrence Upedyke 




- 8 1| 



It is worthy of remark that the burgess in this list who 
is styled Geofifry Cuck, was the very first Member of Parlia- 
ment returned (in conjunction with Wm. Hobey) for Seaford, 
A.D. 1298. In the list of representatives he is "writ more 
large,*' as Galfridus Cuckou. " Emma, the relict of Seman," 
was doubtless an ancestress of the still-existing race of 
Simmons, whose name occurs in that form nearly four 
centuries ago. It is remarkable, that only one local name 
which can be identified with Seaford occurs in this list — 
that of Philip of Chyntyng, or Chyngton. 

In 1300, a/azV" for the King was held here, and it is now 
held on James's day (25th July). Two years after the town 
was directed to furnish one ship. " 

The reign of Edward II. does not afford us many new 
materials. We have, however, the Port specially named in 
1310, when Simon atte Flete and Boniface de Slyndon were 
appointed Collectors in this Port as well as Chichester; and 



IS Subs: E. B., 1781. The portion of 
this roll, 80 far as it relates to Lewes 
Bape, has been printed in the 2nd yoL 
of our CoUeotions. 



" Rot. CI.. 28 Edw. L 
»♦ ft., 80 Bdw. 1. 



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FUBTHER MEMOBIALS OF SEAFOBD. 



145 



in all the Ports between this Town and Portsmouth ; and 
Robert Oliver, Bichard Serle, and Manser of "Pettesworth/' 
Treasurers " of this Port, Shoreham, and Chichester. 

In October, 1309, writs were directed to this among 15 
towns to prevent any persons of rank or importance from 
going out of the kingdom during the war with the Scotch." 

In 1315, the Customs and Freedom of the Town were 
granted by De Warren to the Abbey of Grestein, which held 
Wilmington Priory. And in 1324, the Bailiflfe were required 
to provide one ship for the expedition to Aquitaine." 

In the reign of Edward III , the Town was of more im- 
portance ; and the Baili£& were summoned on several occasions 
to send persons conversant with naval affairs to Westminster, 
to consult on the best means of protecting this kingdom 
against the attacks of the French. 

Soon after the King's accession, (3rd April, 1327,) a 
writ was sent to the Bailiffs of this and 58 other Ports, to 
prevent any Friars from departing the kingdom without 
licence. And in the subsidy roll of the same year, we have 
a return of the owners of property separately from the Barons 
of other Cinque Ports." 



* John PortereTO 
John Bounder 
•Rich. Unry 
John Poke 
John le Noble • 
Walter Clare - 
•Henry CroUing 
Jane la Stronge 
John Ookne 
Simon le Eyng 
Maigeiy Colyn 

Ck>Ueeton; *John atte Donne - 18 



YILLAT DB BEFORD. 


8. d. 




. 2 6 


Ralph Parstepe 


18 


•EUa le MareehaU 


8 


Gilbert leLekner 


18 


*PhUip, the Baker 


2 6 


Balph atte Donne 


. 8 6 


Will. Bosae - 


. 2 4 


•AdamHebbe - 


. 6 9 


*Will. Chepman 


• 6 


•Nioh. atte Wyk 


9 
. 2 


John Hykeling 


- 18 


Rioh.leKoon 



8. d. 

2 8 
2 
5 

8 6 
2 

6 5 
8 6 
12 

8 9 
4 6 



15 



William Bossee and John atte Doune, two of these con- 
tributors, were members of parliament for the town in 1325. 



«* B)., 4 Bdw. IL 
!• Rymer Foed. 

XVII. 



" Ibid. 

»• Suba: 1 Bdw. m. (1827), B.B, 618. 



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146 



FIJBTHEB MEMORIALS OF SEAFOBD. 



The names marked * appear again in the return of 1332; 
but there are in addition : — ^^ 



TOWK OF BBFFOBD. 









8. d. 










B. d. 


John de BlaohyngtoD 




12 


John Deke 








2 


Balph de Paretepe • 






18 


John Woline 








. 2 » 


Adam Noble 






231 


Nich. Longe 








12 


John Marchaont 






m 


John Bounds 








. 23» 


Rich, de Lnlleham 






131 


Jane Bosae 








. 9 3* 


Marioca Chaury 






. 3 J 


Jacob Erch 








. 2 11* 


John, the Tanner 






. 2 10| 


Bob. Cok . 








12 


John Bordun - 






2 2| 


Will. Cok 








. 22| 


Thorn. Burdon 






• 141 


JohnleKyng • 








. 23f 


John Dakne - 






10 4 


•John le Portrieve (oellector) 


13 


Will. Fywe, chepman 




. 19 7| 


John Mancel . . . . 


12 


John le Pek - 






. 20t 













On 6th Nov., 1336, the demand on the Town was in- 
creased to two ships, which were to be sent to join the 
western fleet at Portsmouth;*^ and on 20th June, 1342, they 
were summoned to join the other ships at Portsmouth, to 
transport William de Bohun, Earl of Northampton, and the 
troops to Brittany. In 1347, they were required to famish 
five ships and eighty mariners. 

Evidence of the use of the Port at this time is furnished 
in the orders of 15th Feb., 1347, to stop all ships in it; of 
1st October, 1348, to unload all vessels laden with wood and 
other goods, and send the ships to join the fleet; of 1352, 
when they had seized a ship of Spain in the Port, which the 
Sherifi* was directed to confiscate to the King's use;*^ of 18th 
Feb., 1361, prohibiting the exportation of any wheat or oats; 
of 8th Feb., 1367, to prevent all persons (except mer- 
chants without arms or military stores) from departing the 
realm without license;^ and of the 23rd of the same month 
to prevent any person from exporting worsted goods, sea 
coal, millstones, or merchandise called felware (tanned 
hides). 

That the Port was still here is further evidenced by the 



" Subs: H. C. H., 9. 
•• Rymer Foed. 



« Rot Orlg., 26 Edw. IH. 



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FURTHER MEMORIALS OF SEAFORD. 147 

Commission of Sewers in 1357, which was from Fletching to 
Seaford-juxta-mare. 

The occasions on which their advice was sought on naval 
aflfairs, and to devise the best means of preventing the de- 
scents of the French on the coast, were on 12th Feb., 1341, 
when they were among the 28 maritime towns so summoned ; 
and again on 15th April, 1344; and on 15th Feb., 1347.*» 

Of these attacks by the French^ we have some further par- 
ticulars. That they had taken place and seriously injured 
the Town before 1357, is manifest from the entry on the 
close-roll that it had been lately, for the most part, burnt 
down and devastated by the calamities of war; and in 
1377, Michael de Newburgh, Prebendary of " Sutton-juxta- 
Seford," represented that when the French last landed in 
those parts, they burnt down his Prebendal House at Sutton, 
and destroyed his goods and com to the value of £100." 
Nor did the attacks then cease: for on 24th August, 1403, 
they got as far as Selmeston, and took John Profoot's 
servant a prisoner to Harfleur;'^ and their gallant repulse, 
in 1545, by Sir Nicholas Pelham has been often com- 
mented on. 

It was for the greater safety of the Town that, in 1422, 
a patent was granted for surrounding it with walls and 
ditches;" but this was never carried out. 

At what time the Haven became of less value is matter 
of doubt. The mouth was fortified in 1587, to resist the 
Spanish Armada; but even then it must have been little 
frequented, since on 30th March, 1592, it is called ^Hhe 
decayed haven" in the grant to Tipper and Dawe of the 
salts and Beau (not bean) land; yet in 1639 lands ^^near the 
haven" were surrendered. 

We have seen that there was a Portreeve in 1332. Not- 
withstanding the decay of the haven, a Portreeve Court con- 
tinued to be holden, and Portreeves were elected in respect 
of land held by that service." 



** This timeLondoD eentfoar penoiiB, ** Sqbb. Arch. Col1.| yoI. xt., p. 218. 

and Hull, Lynn, Ipswich, Sandwich. ** Pat., 1 Hen. VI., pt. 1. m. 80 dono. 

DoYer, Winchelsea, Chicheiter, and " Ex inf., Henry Simmons, Esq., 

Southampton, two each. from Town Records. 

>« Bot CI., 1 Rich. n. 



V 2 

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148 FURTHER MEMORIALS OF SEAFORD. 

1638, ) ( Ralph Williams. Ho did not wpear at> «,,«„,.«. «„ ik»«,i«- C4M«i- 
NoY.4.n the next court, and waa fined 6i8d. ) Me«aage in Begging Street 

1684. Edmund Payne Messuage next Crouch Lane. 

{A garden enclosed with flint 
wall, called the Great Garden, 
adjoining tbe Court House. 
1687. Henry Sootterell j G«den «.d olo« ne« Sable'. 

1689. Offington Elphicke .... Lands near the Haven. 

1640. Thomas Elficke A tenement called Challoners. 

1641. MOW Se^um (Simmon.) - ■{t^^^%^,^^'^ "^ 

1642. Richard Baker. 

1643. George Newe : he served hy his deputy, 
^Repentance" Hastings, of whose 

conduct we shall have soon to speak. 

He continued his services till 
1A17 (When Edmund Tipton, gent, is named 
^^'> t as Bailiff, and not Portreeve. 

Wrecks^ S[C. — The right of wreck of the sea here had been 
owned in 1387, by the Earl of Arundel, the Prior of Lewes, 
and the Duchy of Lancaster,^ and not by the Lord Warden. 
In or about the time of Elizabeth, his right was asserted, and 
even then the exact limit of the jurisdiction was not accu- 
rately defined. In 1617, a Dutch ship, richly laden with 
bullion, specie, &c., ran on shore^ at Birling-gap, in the 
parish of Eastdean, and was claimed by Payne, who held a 
lease of that manor; and Eichard Marsh, writing to Lord 
Zouch, the Lord Warden, on 3rd May, says that though 
lately the liberty of the Cinque Ports relative to wrecks had 
been limited to Beachy Head, it was said anciently to have 
extended beyond Seaford to Kedware, near Newhaven. 

The Lord Warden, on 27th August, 1623, appointed John 
Austen his droit gatherer for tbe Town and Port: his autho- 
rity was not acquiesced in; and in Dec, 1624, when a ship 
of Rotterdam was cast away. Sir William Burton and others, 
took some of the wines and sold them ; and Thos, Fulnetty, 
who was Lieutenant of the Admiralty of the Cinque Ports, 
thought that Mr. Elfick should be punished for allowing 
such things. 

Mr. Elfick not only allowed his neighbours to take goods 
from wrecks, but himself participated in the division. 

On the wreck of a wine ship on 23rd Feb., 1622, Thomas 

*• Rot Cl.| 10 Rich. XL, m. 10. " Dodl, James, vol. xoiL, Ko. 8. 

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EUBTHEB MEMORIALS OF SEAFOBD. 149 

Fulnetty went to Seaford,*® and seized seven pipes"of sack in 
Mr. Elfick's house, and one other as Bichard Elphick's, which 
he professed to have bought from the ship, and had sold them. 
Fulnetty also searched other houses, and found two cables 
and an anchor; but thought the people had concerted with 
the shiremen to have the goods conveyed up into the country, 
and the Seaford men would not give their names. 

Mr. Hide, a ministor of the town, and three of hU sons, were suspected of seoreting 
£300 of the money, and Fulnetty the holdmg of an Admiralty court thereon. He had 
put a spy upon them to see if anything were conyeyed to Newhaven or Lewes. 

Michell, his house empty, except 10 pieces of wood. 

John French, 8 pipes. 

John Bean, 3 casks, 2 loads of wood. 

John Jarvis, 8 pieces cf shrouds. 

Balph Hide, one pailfull of sack, 1 cask, 7 pieces of timber. 

William Oliyer, 6 fathoms of cable, 1 piece of the mainstay, 2 casks. 

John Tester, 8 casks, 1 load of wood. 

Bichard Baker, 1 load of wood, 1 cask. 

John Horsman, 1 cask, 1 load of wood. 

Will Longley, 2 casks, 1 load of planks. 

Bich<> Elphick, 10 chests, 2 masts, 1 yard. 

Marks Wood, 2 casks, 1 load of wood. 

Marks Smith, 2 casks. 

Edward Pajm, 8 casks. 

Edward Brown, 3 pair of stockings. 

John Adon 1 cask, load of wood. 

"fiepentance*' Hastings, 1 load, 1 cask, 2 pieces of royals. 

Philip Back, one piece of sail. 

And now we find an instance of that alacrity in wrecking, 
which subjected our coaat to the satire of Congreve, and 
that quiet ignoring of the Sabbath, should a ship happen to 
be on shore, which may have originated the tale of " Parson 
Darby's Hole," and the clerical request from the pulpit that 
the minister and congregation might all start fair ! 

An examination of John Baker took place on 22nd May, 
1633, before Dr. Thomas Rivers, as to a ship cast away, or 
found on shore at Seaford, on a Sunday in January then last. 
Baker having heard thereof at almost sunset, put his sheep 
in fold, and went down to the ship ; but found the country 
already come in. It was dark. He had out of a room in 
the hinder-part of the ship a scarlet or red cloak, lined with 
stuff like velvet, of the same colour; also, a pair of knee- tops 

•• Dom., vol. czxvii., No. 188. 



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150 FUBTHEB MEMORIALS OF SEAFOBD. 

of cloth, lined with red taffeta; one silk garter; a piece of 
cloth lined with black taffeta, and fringed with black silk, 
about a yard square; and one glove, wrought with silver; — 
all which he carried to his own home; bnt when he heard 
the goods were enquired for, he went to Mr. Hudson's, a fort- 
night after the wreck, and gave them to a Frenchman, who 
claimed them, and received 6s. for his pains.*^ 

John Chambers was examined at the same time. The ship 
was driven on shore about 12 o'clock ; and he went up into 
her about sunset, finding there 100 men, and among them 
John Hide, W. . Hide, T. Foster, Hugh Berholme, and W. 
Gates, all of Seaford; and they were taking the mainsail 
from the yard. He took from a countryman, who had it 
under his arm, a black velvet doublet, all slashed down the 
back and sleeves, and a fine shirt with three falling bands, 
with picked lace wrapped in it. He gave the doublet up at 
Mn Hudson's before any Commission came down, and the 
shirt and bands afterwards ; and had 3s. from a Frenchman 
for his pains. He saw John Warren, apprentice to Thomas 
Smith, bring in to Mr. Hudson's a black cloak and a doublet 
and breeches, which came out of the ship. 

John Tailor seems to have been the only man who tried 
to preserve order. He asked what they did on board, and 
struck several of them ; and went so far as to strike Mr. 
Chowne,'* a Justice of the Peace's son, for offering to come 
into the ship. 

The Port of Shoreham has been noted for the escape of 
Charles 11. Seaford has the honour of having given equal 
facility to some of the great Commonwealth leaders. Richard 
Cromwell had been carried over to Dieppe from Newhaven ; 
and General Ludlow had followed, Y\k Lewes, in the ship of 
a merchant of that town.'* They were, in 1662, followed 
by Cromwell's "Dark Lantern," the late Chief Justice 
of the Common Pleas, Oliver St. John, and his son, who 
were conveyed away by Thomas Husbands.** St. John, his 
son, and five others, were in Sussex ; and he is stated to 



*< Dom., Yol. oczzzix., Nos. 26 and 26. narrow escape fa quoted by Mr. Blaanw 

>* Complaints were made against in Sass. Arch. GoU., vol. y., p. 100. 
mng Mr. Chowne, for his activity on ^ The time and place of Oliver St, 

me subsequent occasions of wrecks. John's death have not been ascertained. 

*> Memoirs, p. 898. The Cioloners He is supposed to have died abioad. 



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FUBTHER BCEMORIALS OF SEAFORD. 151 

have em})arked for Havre-de-Grace ; having a Jersey French- 
man with him to assist him in the language, and pretending 
to go because of a debt. Thomas Husbands (who is described 
by Samuel Stone of LuUington, and Mary, wife of Moses 
Downer of Alfriston, as an ancient grey man) was uncle of 
Thomas Bead, of Charlston in Westdean, and went with three 
gentlemen and two servants, October 25th, to the house 
of Moses Downer, innholder, of Alfriston : (one was believed 
to be Col. Ludlow; the other was no doubt Oliver St. John). 
They then went to Mr. Thomas Read's, October 27th, 
under pretence of securing one of the party from arrest for debt, 
though one of them, called Mr, Bennett, went to divine ser- 
vice on the Sabbath at Westdean. On Nov. 5th, three 
of the persons— one being an ancient man, with black hair, 
full faced, full bodied ; another of a pretty tall stature, and 
weakly countenance, with flaxen hair; and the third, a French 
servant,*' — were receivfid at Seaford on board the "Adven- 
ture,"^ by Bichard Lemon, of Brighthelmstone, the master, 
and his servants, Boger Bix)ad and Peregrine Stapley, and 
by them conveyed on board a French fishing vessel — the 
master and men receiving £14 for their trouble. 

Modem History. — What the descent of the chief property 
in the Town has been since the De Warrens, is not quite 
clear. In 1403, it is valued at £73, as part of Sir John 
Pelham's estate. In 1467, Elizabeth, the Queen Consort of 
Edward IV., had it for her life ; and in 1477, it was settled 
on the Duke of York. In 1503, it was in the partition of 
the lands of the Earl of Surrey and the Marquis of Berkeley; 
and in 1601, it was among the Duchess of Norfolk's posses- 
sions.'^ William Parker, Lord Monteagle, had a grant of it; 
and on 16th Dec, 1606, James I., at the request of Lord Mont- 
eagle, granted to Sir George Byvers and Thomas Bridges, 
inter cUia^ the Borough of Seaford, part of the possessions of 
the Duchy of Lancaster," which had been demised to John 

^ EzAmiDatioiis sent by the Earl of ^ The rents were taken by William 

Northumberland to Mr. S«o. Bennet, on Snelling and William Gratwiok. The 

Koy. 22, 1G62: Dom., toI. Ixiii., No. 56. full rentd of the manor were £2 28.; 

The name of this small Sussex hamlet the bailiff, jurats, and commonalty 

of Charleston, like its neighbour Wil- holding 2a., called St Leonardos Uos- 

mington, has become very famous in pital, and paying for it Sb, 4d. Addl. 

North America. MS., 5705, fol. 224. 

>* She had been brought out of New- >* Bot. Pat, 4 James, 
ha^en to lay off Seaford. 



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I*UBTHEB MEMORIALS OF SEAFOBD. 



Williams, to hold in fee at the rent of 55s.; and on 2ndFeb.y 
1611, there was a re-assurance, from Ryvers and Bridges, to 
Richard, Earl of Dorset, of this Borough and East Grin- 
stead.^ Subsequently, it passed again to the Pelhams. 

1 he possessions of the Priories of Michelham and Lewes, 
within the Town, were of considerable value. In 1392, 
licence was granted to William Batesford, Boger Gosselyn, 
and Bichard Spencer, to give 8 messuages, 6 tofts, 274 acres 
of land, a rent of 2s. 9d., and pasture for 60 animals, from 
Easter to Michaelmas, and pasture for 800 sheep, in this 

5arish and Sutton, to the Prior and Convent of Michelham.*^ 
'he possessions within the Towns of both Priories were, on 
the dissolution, granted to Thomas Cromwell. They came 
again into the hands of the Crown on his fall; and on 13th 
July, 1560, they were granted to William Hoke and Philip 
Miller.** 

In 1619, we find a list of "the General Band** of the 
Towne of Seaford, returned by Thomas Elfick, Capt. there, 
the 2nd day of April, 1619, into the office of Dover Castle, 
" accordinge to the tenor of I'res from thence lately received :" 



The offioerg' names. 



1 



Mr. Tho. Elfick,** Baillit, Oapt 
John Browne, Dnimer. 



Imp. HastF Tho. Elfick, Oapt 

Edward Gratwick, gent 
Itm. Wilhn Levett, Juratt 

Samuel Hide, Juratt 

The Lady Gratwick 

Bichard Elfick 

Umfrey fiowe 

George Copper 

John Tailor - 

John Austin • 



Thomas Elfick, Capt 



MUSKETTEEBS. 

vj Mr. Hide, aaik - 

ij Marks Smith k Philip Baker 
j Edward Paine & Hugh Lane 

j John Beane .... 

y Thomas Fewe ... 

j Michaell Back 

J Andrew Back & Rohert Bailey 

] Bichard Seaman & William Coopper j 

j Richard Bakers John Tester- • j 

j Baphe Hide Sc William Hide - - j 

27 



C0BSLBTT8. 

- iuj Bichanl Elfiok 



- - J 



» Dom.. vol. IxL 

^ Pat, 16 Rich. IL 

41 D)., 2 Elix., pt 10. 

«> On 1st April, 1618, WUUam Elfick 



had been appointed by Lord Zouch, 
Captain of the train band here. Dom«, 
▼ol. xcvii., No. 8. 
^ Bz inf. Henry Simmons^ Esq. 



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EUBTHEB MEMORIALS OF SEAFOBD. 153 

BILLBS AND SKULLS. 

William Copper, bill k scull. John Prease, bill k sooll. 

Hugh Lane, bill & scull. Thomas Mersall, bill & scull. 

Richard Seaman, bill k scull. Richard Back, bill k scull. 

Hugh Barkshire, bill k scuU. Thomas Horsman, bill k sculL 

John Jarvise, bill k scuU. Hiomas Ockenden bill k soulL 

Henry Sootterell, bill k scuU. Frances Gheeseman, bill k sculL — 13 

PhiUipBack, biU&sculL Total - - 15 

We haye five great Peeces, weU mounted. Our powder, shott, and match for 
store, is provided. Everj musket hath 2 pownd of powder, 2 pownd of shot and 
match, as was comanded. 

Thomas Eltxck. 

(Jn dano) 1619, Seaford Muster Boll. 

Corporation. — The exact position of this Town in early 
days, as a member of the Port of Hastings, has not been 
accurately defined. The subsidy rolls of the Edwards show 
that the inhabitants were assessed separately from the Cinque 
Ports. It was, however, the only member which ever had 
the privilege of returning Members to Parliament; and hence 
perhaps it sits as chief of the members in each Guestling, for 
the members do not form part of the Brotherhood. The ma- 
trix of the obverse of the Town Seal is of the latter part of 
the 12th or beginning of the Idth century. But after the 
Town received a charter of incorporation in 1544, a new re- 
verse, in copper, with a ship, seems to have been substituted 
for the former reverse : it is evidently an erroneous copy of 
the early matrix. The Town was incorporated to enable it 
better to resist attacks from the French; and though thus 
favoured by the King, the inhabitants were not very forward 
in contributing towards the benevolence raised in the same 
year. Five only did so : — 

John Okenden, .... £4 Thomas Oratwicke, ... £0 20 
ThomAs Seman (Simmons), 4 Thos. Sprote (serving Priest 
Thomas French, ... 20 there), 042 

We have already seen that the Town was called upon to 
furnish ships of its own ; but when it was joined with other 
ports, it was usually billeted with one ship and a-half, and 
the usual payment of £9 19s. 9d. was thus distributed: — 

For the Borrowe of Seaford, £4 19 9 

For the Borrowe of Sutton, 3 10 

For the Borrowe of Chintinge, 2 10 

XVII. W 



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154 FUBTHEB BCEMOBIALS OF SEAFOBD. 

That the disputes with Hastings were serious and of 
long duration, is certain. At length they were referred to 
Henry Apsley, Esq.; and in the year 1604, the composition** 
with Hastings, was arranged by a deed, dated 29th June, 
made between William Bysshop, Mayor, and the Jurats and 
Commonalty of Hastings, and Henry Smyth, Bailiflf of the 
Town of Seaford — a member of Hastings and of the liberty 
of that Cinque Port, and the Jurats and Commonalty of that 
town. This deed recites that for avoiding all former and 
future controversies, contentions, and ambiguities, as well 
about former compositions, contributions, and payments upon 
any cause payable by Seaford to Hastings, as for avoiding 
the like as to future compositions, &c., thereafter payable, 
and for a perpetual concord and agreement in that behalf to 
continue between the towns by the mediation of the Eight 
Worshipful Henry Apsley, Esq., it was agreed that Seaford 
should annually, on the Feast of the Annunciation, pay, in 
the house of the Mayor of Hastings, an annuity, annual pen- 
sion, and payment of 20s. ; and also to the Mayor, Jurats, 
and Commonalty of Hastings, 28. 6d. for every 20s. which 
they should pay towards any sum decreed to be made by 
way of composition at any Brotherhood of the Cinque 
Ports; and likewise, 10s. at every Parliament and Session 
of Parliament towards the fees of the Barons of Hastings 
returned to such Parliament;** and 30s. toward the 
charges of such Barons as should be returned by Hastings 
to every Coronation ;*^ and furthermore, pay for their part 
or portions at every assembly called a Crestling, where 
they were bound to personal appearance and attendance, 
in such sort and after such rate as their predecessors had 
been used and accustomed to do, and they should be charged 
and ordered to do; and towards the charges of every Shepway 
court, and of every Lord Warden's court, and every gift 
which should be agreed to be given to such Lord Warden 
and to his Lieutenant and Officers, as they had been accus- 
tomed; and for renewing, enlarging, and confirmation of all 

** From the part having the corporate *^ In 1640 the right of Seaford to have 

seal of Seaford, in the corporation chest its own representatives was restored, 

at Hastings. Uenry Apsley wa^of Tice- *^ In 1603 Seaford paid a share of the 

hurst, and brother of Sir Allen Apsley, Coronation expenses of Hastings* see 

Lieut of the Tower of London. Suss. Arch. Ck>ll., vol. xv., p. 190, 



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FURTHER BfEMORIALS OF SEAFORD. 155 

general charters of the Cinque Ports, such sum as they 
should be charged at any Gestling or other warrantable 
assembly ; and also bear and pay all payments agreed to be 
paid by the Cinque Ports and members at auy Brotherhood 
or Gestling, by way of shipping and transportation of the 
King's army, and navy of the Cinque Ports; and lastly, all 
charges or payments for any suit of their own, or any act, 
or wrong proceeding, or happening by their own default, or 
their own private or particular charter, customs, cause, or 
privileges. In consideration of which, Hastings discharged 
Seaford from the yearly service of the Barons at Great Yar- 
mouth, and the charges for same, and from all other charges, 
payments, and exactions whatsoever, for the maintenance of 
the general charters and privileges of the Ports, and of Par- 
liaments and Coronations. 

From this time the two Towns were in all other respects 
free from each other; and the Lords Warden dealt with each 
separately. Thus, on 18th September, 1615, Lord Zouch 
directed his warrant to the Bailiff for the time being, and to the 
Minister of Seaford, together with Thomas Elphick, William 
Levette, Edward Gratwicke, Samuel Hide, Humfry Rowe, 
and William Wakefield, Jurats : constituting them Commis- 
sioners for the Passage there, to examine all persons wishing 
to depart from England*^ other than merchants — the autho- 
rized ports for departure being only Dover, Rye, and Sand- 
wich. And again, on 25th February, 1633, the Mayor and 
Jurats of, Hastings informed the Earl of Suffolk, Lord 
Warden, that by his command, on behalf the bearer, De La 
Martinays, they had directed their warrant for the appear- 
ance of the Bailiff and others of Seaford; but that the Bailiff 
returned a dilatory excuse, which indeed the writers expected, 
as the Bailiff was the chiefest delinquent, and Seaford was 
in no way subject to the jurisdiction of Hastings.^ 

It is well to record a copy of the certificate of freedom, 
which details all the privileges, long obselete, of the Barons : 

To ALL CHRISTLA.N Peoflb to whom Haatings, in Uie same County, one of 

these Presents shall come. We the the Cinque Ports, send greeting, In our 

Bailiff, Jurats, and Commons of the Lord Qod everlasting. Whereas, our 

town of Seaford, in the County of Bus- Sovereign Lord, the King's Majesty that 

sex, a member of the Town and Port of now is, and his noble progenitors, Ejngs 

*^ Dom., Tol. IxxxL, No. 107. *• lb., vol. ocxzzii., No. 108. 

w 2 

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156 



FURTHER MEMORIALS OF SEAFORD. 



and Qaeens of England, by their chartera 
and confinnations, have granted that we 
should be quit of all Tolla and Customs 
—that is to say, of all Lastage, ToUage, 
Passage, Biveage, Appensage, Murage, 
Stallage, Peisage, Piccage, Terrage, 
Groundage, Bomage, Anchorage, Boy- 
age, Flottage, and Soott, and Guild, 
Hidage, Scutage ; and for all our sell- 
ing, buying, and rebuying through all 
his lands, with power of Sock and Sack, 
ThoU and Them ; and that we should be 
wreck-free, wit-free, and loye-cope- 
fkee ; and that we be quit and exoner- 
ated for ever from Shires and Hundreds, 
and also from all summons before any 
Justices itinerant, from any plaints and 
pleas whatsoeyer, and in whatsoever 
county they shall be ; and that we 
should have our Findalls in sea and 
land ; and that we should be quit of our 
goods and merohandiaes like as his 
freemen ; and that we should have our 
honour in courts, and our liberties in all 
his lands wheresoever we oome; and 
that we should not be impleaded in any 
oourt but where we were wont (that is 
to say), in the oourt called Shepeway. 
And further, his said Majesty, and his 
predecessors by his charters, do forbid 
all persons whatsoever, wrongfully to 
molest or disturb us, or our merchan- 
dize, under the pain of forfeiting ten 
pounds. And have also granted that we 
be not put on juries at assizes by reason 
of our foreign tenures against our con- 
sents ; and that we may be quit of the 
duties on wines of our own adventure, 
called prisage (to wit), one ton of *wine 
before the mast, and another after the 
mast ; also have granted to us and our 
heirs that no man shall be partner with 
us against our wills, of our lawfuU 
goods and merchandizes which shall 
happen to us within his realm of Ire- 
land ; and, finally, that we shall have 
and enjoy all our liberties, charters, and 



free customs as amply and honourably 
as any of our predecessors at any time 
had, and enjoyed them in the reigns of 
Edward the Confessor, William the 
First and Second, Henry, John, Rich- 
ard, Henry, Edward the First, Second, 
and Third, and other Kings and Queens 
of England, the King's Majesty that now 
is, his most noble predecessors, as their 
charters and confirmations do testifye 
and declare. And forasmuch' as it is 
our duty to bear witness of the truth, 
therefore, we do certifie you and every of 
you by these presents, that Thomas 
Simmons, junr., is our com-baron and 
fellow freeman, and that all our liberties, 
quittances, and customs by our charters 
and confirmations, to us granted and 
confirmed, he ought to have and eigoy, 
for which thing by the tenor of these 
Presents, we desire all you, and pray 
that when the said Thomas Simmons, 
the bearer of these Presents among you, 
with his goods, cattell, or merchandizes 
whatsoever they be, shall come, that you 
do take and admit him to be one of us, 
faithfully and gently, not hurting him, 
his goods, or his cattel, nor suffer him 
to have any injury, hurt, violence, let, or 
loss, contrary to the tenor of the char- 
ters to us aforesaid granted, so that our 
liberties may stand inviolated, and that 
under the pain in the said charters con- 
tained, and as we thankfully in like case 
shall do for you. In witness whereof 
these our letters patents, sealed with our 
town seal, we have done to be exempli- 
fied. Dated at our Town Hall, at Sea- 
ford aforesaid, this 29th day of Sep- 
tember, in the 2ath year of the reign of 
our Sovereign George the Third, by the 
grace of God, of Great Britain, France 
and Ireland, King, Defender of the 
Faith, and so forth; and in the year of 
our Lord 1788. 

(BaiUfTs seal.) 



Property^ ^c, of the Town. — The Gun Garden was let in 
1662 for 6s. 8d. a-year. On 6th April, 1685, Simon Snell, 
gent., was presented for erecting a wall, called ^^ The Crouch 



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FURTHER MEMORIALS OF SEAFORD. 157 

Wall," on the common ground of the Corporation ; and in 
1691 and 1693, Richard Chowne was presented for the same 
offence. 

In 1687, three years* rent of the manor, (£6 14s.,) was 
paid by the Portreeve to Frances, Countess Dowager of 
Dorset; and in 1720, the Bailiff paid £2 5s. 7d. rents of assize 
of the JPortreeve to Lionel Cranfield, Duke of Dorset.*^ 

The original feoffment of the 30a,, called The Salts and 
Beau Lands, and of 2a. upon the Down, lately belonging to 
the Church,** and dated 30th May, 1592, has been printed. 
Mr. John Rowe, the elder, was the survivor of the feoffees. 
There have been new feoffments, dated respectively 18th Aug., 
1641, 1st May, 1675, 27th Sept , 1708, 7th Oct., 1735, and 
2nd Jan., 1822. 

The Town Records** have many entries relating to the 
use of the Common. Thus in March 1642, Mr. Saxby, the 
Minister, was to have the going of his cow during the sum- 
mer, as well as the widow of Richard Benson. William 
HoUebond was to have the same iir consideration of " keep- 
ing a young child for the town;" and John Tosson, till his 
apprentice should be 24 years of age. In 1650, the freemen 
who kept kine there were to pay 20s. towards the six freemen 
who had none. But the keeping of sheep was, in 1684, de- 
clared to be contrary to custom. Geese were prohibited in 
1714, and horses in 1725. 

In these records, we have also presentments for keeping 
Lent, and observing Fast and Fish days (1663); for not 
coming to church for three weeks (1684) ; for allowing hogs 
to go about without ringing (1714); and of butchers for 
selling meat on Sundays (1718). 

Some Old Wills of townsmen are worthy of a note : — 
1544. — Stephen Townley, of Seford, bequeaths his soul 
" to God Alrayghty, to our Blessed Lady St Mary, and to all 
the holy company of Hevyn, and his body to be buried in 
the Churchyard of the p'ishe of St. Leon^ of Sefford." To 
the high alter there, for his tythes negligently forgotten, 
iiij* To Richard, his son, £8 ; and to his four daughters at 

^ Addl. MS., 5682. land were let to Henry Bean for lOs. a 

M In 1722 the two acres of diurdi year. 

•< Bx inl Hen. Simmons, Esq. 

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158 FURTHER MEMORIALS OF SEAFORD. 

marriage, xl* John Seman, his executor. Thos. Sprott, 
curate, and other witnesses. 

1541. — William Best, of Seford, bequeathed his soul as 
above, and his body to be buried in the Churchyard of St. 
Leonard. Small bequests to his child. Thos. Farley, curate 
of Seaford ; and John Ockenden, bay lye, &c. ; Jno. Ockenden 
and John Seman, his overseers. 

1552. — Thomas Ever, of Seford, gives to Isbell, his ser- 
vant, " a plater or pewter dyshe, a sawcer, a candle stycke, a 
little brasse potte, a sow pygge wenyd, and half a seame of 
barleye." There are other small legacies; and his wife, Jone, 
is appointed residuary legatee :" Batillmewe Elfycke" being 
named as overseer of the will to dispose of his affairs " for 
the helth of my sowle, and all crysten sowles." 

Feuds in the Tovm. — From the time of Elizabeth till the be- 
ginning of the present century, the town was remarkable for 
the personal hostility of many of its inhabitants. The chief 
opponents of the Corporation, in the 16th and 17th centuries, 
were the Gratwicks, one branch of whom seems to have come 
into the town from East AUington. In some proceedings in 
Chancery, instituted on 9th Nov., 1599, by John James, of St. 
Magnus, London, grocer, against Thomas Elficke** and John 
Wassell, it appears that William Gratwick, in 1556, owned two 
acres of land in Seaford, and 1 6 acres in Sutton, known as 
Pope's Lands; and by his will, dated May, 1558, devised them 
to the child with which his wife was then pregnant, with re- 
mainder to his eldest daughter, Joan, with remainder to his son, 
Roger Gratwick, and his heirs. The child was Mary, who 
married John Wassell, and died in 1581 ; and Elphick, in his 
answer, said that (according to ancient custom of the liberties 
of Seaford) the property was descendable to the youngest male 
issue, and, in default thereof, to the youngest issue female. 

Wm. Grattwicke,' 

of Allington, 

WiU dated 1558. 



y. 



Richard:^oan, Marie,^ohn Orevett, 



James. 



r 



eldest daughter. ob. circa. Of Droxford, co. 

1581. I Southampton. 



X 



John James. Another Wm. Harie,=John Wassell, 

son. yl son. of Droxford, Yeoman. 

'* Proo. in Chancery, temp. Eliz., L, i., bundle 2, No. 60. 



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FURTHER MEMORIALS OF SEAFORD. 159 

Thomas Elphick was the purchaser of the property for £160. 
This was a different family from the Gratwicksof Tortington, 
who came from Ulverston. After the death of Sir William, 
who was buried at Tortington in 1613, his widow, Mar- 
garet, and her second son, Edward, complained ** (1st Dec, 
1619) to the Lord Warden, Lord Zouch, of the over-propor- 
tion of rates laid upon them and others of Seaford by Thomas 
Elfick, the Bailiff, who is stated to wish to save himself at 
their expense. The reply of the Bailiff and Jurats was that 
the extent of the Gratwick property was better known than it 
had been, and they were only charged with their proper propor- 
tion. No dues, however, could be got from them without 
much trouble. When the Chamberlain went to levy a dis- 
tress, he was assaulted by other sons, Roger, Thomas, and 
others. These were fined for a riot; and Thomas, refusing 
to pay, assaulted the sergeant; and whilst that officer was 
lying ill, Thomas was imprisoned. He offered only poor men 
for security. At length George Copper became one of his 
bail ; and in turn, he was kept in custody at the suit of 
Thomas Elfick and Mr. Page for goods sold; and Samuel 
Hide, the then (1621) Bailiff, added that the Gratwicks, re- 
sident in London, had got up the petition, and much troubled 
the town. Both parties then went into the Chancery Court 
at Dover, and subsequently appealed to Lord Zouch to in- 
terpose: Edward Gratwick (17th June, 1621) asserting that 
he had lived quietly whilst at amity with Elficke, but having 
been chosen Jurat, and been appealed to by the poor to pro- 
cure the restoration of certain common lands, detained by 
Elfick from them, his endeavours for redress had excited the 
malice of that gentleman, and led to the exorbitant rates 
being levied. 

On 27th April, 1775, as the Jurats went to the Town- 
Hall to hold the Quarter Sessions, a number of men, led by 
Robert Jones, " of St. Bride's, Fleet Street, London, and 
Thos. Woolgar, forced the Senior Jurat out of the chair — 
Thos. Washer, the Bailiff, having died— and prevented the 
election of a successor. The rioters then proceeded to a pre- 
tended election of Bailiff and officers, and removed the chest 
containing the town muniments. 

* Domestio, 1619-20-21. ** Brief in Town chest 

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160 



FURTHEB MEMORIALS OF 8EAF0BD. 



On 29th Sept., 1789, was another riot, at the Court of 
Assembly ; then held for the election of Bailiff ; — " Drums 
were beating, colours flying, and a mob assembled in a body 
at the steps of the Court- House, preyenting the entrance of 
the Magistrates and Freemen. They seized the entrance be- 
fore the Freemen arrived. Sir Godfrey Webster, Mr. Cook, 
sen., and Rey. Thos. Eyans (vicar), were with the mob, and 
behaved with much impetuosity, and pushed and shoved 
about. Mr. Cook climbed up outside the rails, and cried out 
with many others, with much violence : * Down with them. 
Pull down the rails^ my boys. Dovlt let them come up .'' 
Mr. Evans challenged Captain Bate, and held up his fist 
against the Constable. Sir Godfrey Webster called out to 
the mob, and said he would go up, for he was a Freeman. 
He was prevented by the Constable, who desired the Magis- 
trates might go up first. It was with the greatest difficulty 
Mr. Gouldsmith and Mr. Chambers (Jurats) could get up, 
after they had been several times forcibly expelled by the 
mob. The Sergeant being unable to get up to do the busi- 
ness, cried out to the Magistrates to adjourn the Court," &c. 

In July, 1796, the Sussex Advertiser notices a warm 
pugilistic encounter in a gravel-pit between Mr. T. Harben, 
a magistrate in the interest of the Duke of Bichmond, and 
two clergymen (Evans and Geere), who were partizans of 
the Felhams. 

From the MSS. of W. H. Freeland, Esq., we are able to 
give a more perfect list of the Vicars. 

BEAFORD VIOABS. 



DATE OF 
ADMISSION. 



1402. June 2 
1406. Nov. 14 

1439. Feb. 19 
1478. 

1602. Deo. 16 

1628. April 26 
1624. Murch 26 



IirCUMBBNTS. 



Williwii Phylypp 

John Alton 

William Fjriuon 
Balph Gaunstede 

William Danyell 

BogerHoofe 

Jacob Ball, cap. 

William Draper 
John Clarke 



BOW VACANT. 



res. William Phyl jpp 
res. John Aston 

f'^s."Eiiph \ 

CGannstede ) 



res . William Draper 



PATBONB. 



C The Dean and Chap, 
rter of Chichester. 
The same. 

The 



fThomas Edwards, 
•< Prebendary of 
(Sefford. 
The Bishop. 



M Oaimstede ezohanged with Danyell for All Saints*, Lewes. 



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FURTHER MEMORIALS OF SEAFORD. 



161 



SUTTON VICARS (Jutta Sbafokd), 



DATS OF 
ADMISSION. 


INCUMBENTS. 


HOW yACANT. 


PATRONS. 


1401. Dec. 6 

1402. Aug. 28 
... ••• ... .•■ 

1406. June 8 

1407. Sept. 1 

1408. Sept. 24 

1412. May 14 

1489. July 9 
1478. 

1481. July 4 


John Forebench 

John Efiard res.«« Jn. Forebench 

rres.'^JohnEfiard-) 
JohnBynbrok • (now called 

('*Eyerard") ) 
JohnPenbrigga 

Thomas Betoigne John Penbrigge 

JohnCrokebet 

BalphGronel 

Richard Vowle 

Bichard Downton 

In Bishop Sherborne's time the church was 
desolate, and it was then annexed to Seaford. 


(Bobert Gilbert, Pre- 
(. bendary of Sutton. 

The same. 

r WiUifun Pettewort^, 
" Ptebendary of 
I.Sutton. 
The same. 
The same. 

The same. 

The same. 

(bendary. 




SUTTON WITH SEAFOBD. 




1584. July 7 
1568. 

... ... ..a ... 

1575. (?) 

1658.' 

1642. (?) 

1664. Nov. 18 
1668. Feb. 11 
1679. May 8 
1682. April 5 
1690. JiUy 81 

1696. Oct. 11 
1707. March 1 
1728. Oct. 22 

1788. July 14 
1778. Jan. 27 
1777. April 22 

1816. March 20 

1817. Jnne 2 

1824. Jan. 28 
1864. March 14 


/Thomas Qarett (or) 
t Gerrard) J 
Sir Bobert Hall 
— Austin 
Bobert Hide 
Charles Hutchenson 
Thomas Barlow, m.a. 
(John Sazby (oaUed? 
Minister) j 
Bichard Castell 
John Terry 
William Snatt 
Bobert NowelL A. M. 
Bobert Carr, 01. 

Charles HallyweU 
Thomas Knight, a.m. 
John Penfold, a.b. 

V 

Thomas Hurdis, A.M. 
Jonathan Morgan 
Thomas Eyans, a.b. 

Wm. Henry CUurk,A^. 

C Chas. Edw. Hutch- ) 
(.inson, A.M. j 

James Carnegie, a.m. 
Wm.Henry Meade Buck 


... ... ... ■•• ■■. 

... ... ... ■•• ••. 

... ... ..• ••• ... 

••• •*• ... ... ... 

... ... ... ••• ... 

d. Bobert Carr 
d. Chas. HallyweU 
d. Thos. Knight 

cess. John Penfold 

cess. Thos. Hurdis 

(cess. Jonathan \ 
I Morgan J 

d. Thomas Eyans 

res. W. H. Clark 

Ccess.C.E. Hutch- 1 

(inson 

d. James Carnegie 


The Bishop. 

Henry Edes, s.T.P. 
(Hen.HaUyweU,Pre- 
( bendary of Sutton. 
(Jan^ Barker, Pre- 
l bendary of Sutton. 
(Wm. fflierwin, Pte- 
l bendary of Seaford. 
? James Barker. Jun., 
. Ptebendazyof 
(Sutton. 

The Bishop (b^ lapse) . 
C Drake Hoilingbery, 
A.M., Prebendary of 
(Seaford. 

( Geo. Marwood, Pre- 
\ bendary of Sutton. 
(•John Lettioe, d,d., 
i Prebendary of 
(Seaford. 

(Geo. Marwood, Pra- 
1 bendary of Sutton. 
The Queen. 



•• In exchange for Qoryng, 
" In exchange for Exoeit 

XVII. 



*• In exchange for the Via of Adyng- 
ton, Winton Diocese. 

X 

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>8i 



162 



7UBTHEB liEMOBIALS OB SEAFORD. 



The Hospital of St. James for Lepers had a separate 
Priest and Chaplain; and in 1389, William Crossebj, who 
was Parson there, exchanged his benefice with William 
Haker, Vicar of the Church of Aliston (Alciston), with the 
Chapelry of Lullington.*^ 



CHINTINa 

Was retnmed in the Hundred of Flexborough in the sub- 
sidies of the Edwards; and was then a place of some 
population, although before 1275 the manor had been 
granted to Michelham Priory, and in 1314, 4a. of land were 
granted to that Priory .*» To the subsidy of 1327, there 
were returned^* as holders of land: — 









f. d. 




s. d. 


•Nigel de Oumbes - 


- 7 8 


*SimonIaBonz 


. 6 2 


•Simon Burdon 






. 6 7 


Walter Fustom 


18 


Rich. Oyeel - 






. 201 


Will, le Paknar 


. 2 4i 


Begina BurgeiB 






20 


♦Christhina atte Stighele 


184 


Walter Bakere 






. 2 1 


*Wm. atte Lote 


- 2 1 


Will. Loteman 






. 8 8i 


♦Bich. le White - - . 


181 


•John Colin - 






. 2 4 


♦Walter Gtoringe 


21 


♦John Gk>ldewyne» - 






. 2 2 


John de Slycheton • 


2 4 


Bobert) the Tanner 






- 2 4 


♦Simon Oyael 


18 


•Nich- Wodeman - 






22 


Bobert Bolfyn 


23 


*Boht atte Lote 


. 2 6 






In the subsidy o 


f 1332, the 


\ names marked * again 


occur, 


with these in addit 


ion^:— 








s. d. 




a. d. 


John de Nicheoonne 


- 2 i 


Jacob Erch . . . . 


. 2 


Agnes Wolfyn 


16 


Will. Loteman 


. 2 8 


Bich. Wolf^ 


. - 181 


Will, le Beve . - - . 


8 


WilLBeynald 




- 


. 281 


Agnes, the Baker 


18 



It was about this period that the attempt was made to 
found here "Poynings Town;" and in 1349, lands were held 
here by William Bovet, in capite, by the service of providing 
two parts of one Hobelarii for 40 days in Wales ;^ and were 
probably the same lands which Thomas Therel held, in 1279, 
by a like service. 



« Pat, 18 Bich, n. 
^ Inq., ad quod damnum, 8 Bdw. IL, 
No. 52, and 10 Edw. XL, No. 149. 
» SuhB., B. B., 518. 



*> These are early notioee of the 
families. 
« Suhs., H. C. H., 9. 
•* Bot Orig., 28 Bdw. IIL, No. 43, 



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FUBTHEB MEMOBIALS OF SEAFORD. 



163 



On the dissolution of Michelham Priory, this manor and 
their land here were granted to Sir Anthony Browne, who, 
on 15th March, 1541, proposed to exchange them with the 
King for lands in Kent. 

For the subsidy of 1590, the return was that four persons^ 
had been assessed in respect of lands here, and within the 
precincts of the liberty of Seaford, viz. : — 

A B. d. s. d. 

Thomas Elpheoke - - 8 6 8 William Sedger • - - 20 

Henry Smyth - • - 53 4 Edmund Dappa - - - 10 

SUTTON 

Also made a separate return to the early subsidies. In 1327, 
there were 18 landowners, who paid : — 

8. d. 



* John de Satton 
Riobi. atteWyke 
RobtatteWyke 
Thorn. Suche 
Thorn. Geffrai 
*Elia Maremhal 
Thom. Bvorard 
*John Bregge 
Will., the Carter 



7 8 
12 

8 6 
2 1 

20i 
12 

2 i 

12 
2 8 



•Nioh.leSalt - 
Simon Fridai • 
John Palmer 
John Hendlman 
*Will. le Thunder 
Rich. Betrioh 
John Boioher 
^Walter Hendman 
Nich. le Thnnder 



8. d 

8 

2 8 
U 
8 

2 2 

2 4 
8 

2 1 

2 4 



Six of these * were again returned in 1332, with two 
others : — 

8. d. 8. d. 

Robert Whetebrede - - 2 1| Gilbert de Wygetone - - 5 1| 

Upon the dissolution of Robertsbridge Abbey, this manor 
was granted to Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex,^ and was 
rated as among his late possessions on 13th May, 1557. It 
was afterwards granted to Sir William Sydney, under whom 
it was rented by Thomas Elphicke, who is returned to the 
subsidy of 1590 at 50s. in respect of it, ^ but as being 
within the Liberty of Seaford. 



•» Sub«.. X P. R., 6669, m. 7- 
M HmrU MS., 606, fol. 69. 



•Y Sube., J. P. B., 6669, m. 6. 

X 2 

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RICHAKD WOODMAN'S DOOR IN WARBLETON 
CHURCH TOWER. 



DuRiNQ my various visits to Warbleton I have taken much 
interest in the reminiscences of Richard Woodman, which 
are to be met with in the immediate neighbourhood of the 
Parish Church. 

To the South of the Churchyard stands a cottage that, in 
all probability, formed part of his residence. In the pasture 
field to the west, tradition points to vestiges of his garden wall, 
and a chamber in the church tower is supposed to have been 
his temporary prison after he came under the eye of the law 
(?) in consequence of his heretical tenets. But my interest 
was most attracted by certain mysterious fragments of iron 
still affixed to the door of the tower room, and which have 
hitherto been popularly considered as remains of instru- 
ments of torture. 

I made (so far as the uncertain light affi)rded by the tower 
windows enabled me to do so) accurate drawings of both faces 
of the door, and having shewn them to one of your members, 
he begged permission to have them printed in your forthcoming 
volume, and requested me to accompany them with a few re- 
marks on the subject. While I feel flattered by his request, it 
is with considerable diffidence that I, a resident in Kent, intrude 
myself on a neighbouring Society. I am aware that to many 
of your members there is very little novelty in much that I 
advance; and I know that Woodman's memory is still green 
in East Sussex. Nevertheless, 1 suspect that few of the 
members of the Sussex Archaeological Society have seen his 
door^ and if what I have to say serves to interest them for 
a few moments, and tends to elucidate the subject of the 
supposed instruments of torture, I shall be well pleased. 

They will bear with me, then, for a while, if I begin by 
refreshing their memories touching Woodman himself. 

Mr. M. A. Lower, in his very interesting Historical and 
Archaeological Notices of the Iron Works of Sussex, which 

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BICHARD woodman's DOOB, BTC. 165 

appeared in the 2nd vol. of the Sussex Archaeological Collec- 
tions, as far back as the year 1849, says : — 

" Among the persons engaged in the [Iron] trade at this 
period was Richard Woodman, one of the ten protestant 
martyrs burnt at Lewes in 1557. He was a native of Bux- 
ted, where he probably learned the business. At the time 
of his apprehension, at the beginning of Queen Mary's reign, 
he resided at Warbleton, and carried on an extensive trade. 
In one of his examinations before the Bishop of Winchester, 
he says, *Let me go home, 1 pray you, to ray wife and 
children, to see them kept, and other poore folke that I would 
set aworke by the help of God. I have set aworke a hundreth 
persons, ere this, all the yeare together.' " Foxe's Book of 
Martyrs is not found in every one's library, therefore I may 
be forgiven for extracting the following passages : — 

" In the town of Lewes* were ten faithful servants of God 
put in one fire, the 22 day of June [1557], whose names 
follow: Richard Woodman, George Stevens, W. Mainard, 
Alexander Hosman his servant, Thomasina Wood (Mai- 
nard*s maid), Margery Moris, James Moris, her son, Denis 
Burgys, Ashdon's wife, Grove's wife." 

" Richard Woodman by his occupation was an iron maker 
dwelling in the parish of Warbleton, Sussex, Diocese of 
Chichester, of the age of 30 years, and somewhat more. 
The occasion of his first apprehension was this: There 
was one Fairebanke who had some time been a married 
priest and served the cure of Warbleton, where he had 
often persuaded the people not to credit any other doctrine 
but that which he then preached, taught, and set forth in 
King Edward's days. And afterwards in the beginning of 
Queen Mary's reign, the said Fairebanke turning head to 
tail preached clean contrary to that which he had before 
taught. Whereupon Richard Woodman hearing him in the 
church of Warbleton so contrary to himself, admonished him 
of his inconstancy, how before time he had taught them 
one thing, now another, and desired him to teach them 
the truth. For which words he was apprehended and brought 
before Master John Ashbornham, Master Tofton, Master 

^ In front of the Star Inn, according to Mr. Lower. 

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166 BICHARD WOODBIAN'S DOOB 

Culpeper, and Master Roberts, Justices of the Peace in the 
County of Sussex, and by them committed to the King's 
Bench, where he continued from June, the space almost of a 
year and a half, and from thence was transferred by Dr. 
Story into Bonner's coal-house, where he remained a month 
before he came to examination. At length the same day 
when Master Philpot was burned, which was the 18 of 
December, he, with 4 other prisoners, was set at liberty by 
Bonner himself. Notwithstanding shortly after he was sought 
for again and at last found out and taken by means of his 
father, brother, and certain other his acquainted friends, and 
so was sent up again to London to Bishop Bonner, where he 
remained in the coal-house eight weeks. He was there 6 times 
examined and 26 before, so that his examinations were in all 
thirty-two from his apprehension to his condemnation." He 
possessed great readiness of wit and strength of mind, and could 
not by any means be shaken from the truth. Nine other mar- 
tyrs suffered with him, none of whom except one, Stevens, had 
been apprehended above a day or two before their execution, so 
that no writ had been sent from London for that purpose. 

In Murray's Handbook of Kent and Sussex, it is stated, 
under the head of Warbleton : — " A loft in the tower is said 
to have been used as a prison during the Marian persecutions, 
but the visitor need not place implicit confidence in certain 
so-called appliances for torture exhibited on the door." 

Proceed we now to the door. I have doubts of its having 
been originally meant for its present position. I am aware 
that I am not borne out in this by Mr, Lower, who states his 
opinion that the door is coeval with the tower — he confesses 
it may be what shoemakers call a "mis-fit" (with which re- 
mark I fully agree), but says " if it was not made in the 15th 
century, when the tower was built, where did it come from ?" 
My impression is from Woodman's house. We have shewn 
that he employed 100 workmen — he must have had constant 
occasion for money, wherewith to pay wages ; there was no 
banking accommodation in those days. Why should he not 
have had a strong room, or cupboard, or safe for keeping his 
valuables? the door of which we now see, with— not instru- 
ments of torture — ^but remains of a patent Chubb or Bramah 
of its day still attached to it? 

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OLD CHEST IN TUB VESTRT OF WARBLETON CHURCH. 




I. YAROfl 
PLAN OP WARBLETON CHURCH AND ADJACENT EARTHWORKS. ' 



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IN WARBLBTON CHUBCH TOWER. 167 

Woodman's house may have been the Court Lodge ; if so it 
was, as appears by an old map of Sussex of 1724, in existence 
at that date. Three of the church bells were cast in 1734. 
May not that have been a period of restoration, when not only 
the door was introduced into the tower chamber, but the brass 
of John Prestwick, father to William Prestwick, destroyed for 
the purpose of cutting up the matrix to make new steps at 
the altar rails, and repair those at the north door ? 

The curious old chest in the Vestry (see Plate) well worth 
inspection by archaeologists, with its bands of iron and its 
seven padlocks, one would have thought ought to have pre- 
served the parish documents intact, but I am told the rats and 
mice have been at work, and nothing is left of the parish ac- 
counts anterior to the middle of the last century. They might 
otherwise have thrown some light on the subject. 

Mr. Campkin, with whom 1 have been in correspondence 
on this subject, suggests : — " Referring to your view of the 
absence of banks and the need of strong places to hold 
valuables, why may not the room in the tower have been 
made secure by a clever son of Tubal Cain of those days, 
and then devoted to the use of a few among the most 
wealthy and privileged of the parishioners, who may have 
had their own separate locked strong boxes therein, but each 
being furnished with a pass key to open the strong door?" 

It will by this time be seen that I consider the presumed 
emblems of torture to be really the remains of a complicated 
lock of its day, and I think that most readers who study the 
accompanying illustrations will be of the same opinion. I 
will now endeavour to make them more clear by a few 
explanatory remarks. 

The door is a strong oaken door, the outer face being 
covered by an iron plate, a coating of leather separating the 
iron from the wood work. The centre part of the door is re- 
cessed at the back to afford space for the mechanism of the lock, 
and I imagine the whole of the works to have been shut in by 
an iron plate, similar to that on the exterior side, which plate, 
with corresponding holes in it, would have been fastened to 
the pins a, a, a, &c. These pins have eyes at their ends 
which would have projected beyond the iron plate. One of 
them is shewn on the margin. The holes b, b, pass 

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168 BICHARD woodman's DOOR, ETC. 

through the door and appear to have served as a communi- 
cation externally with the works of the lock. Might not a 
drop key, similar to that figured k on the plate, have been 
used for this purpose? 

The pieces of iron c, c, &c., move on their centres : dTias 
a lateral movement, e projectj? two inches beyond its plate,^ 
f is a grove in the wood about one inch wide and half- 
an-inch deep, g, g are staples, a hinge at h appears to be 
partly broken off; i moves on its centre, and is capable of 
being pulled out 1^ inches, k moves on its centre and projects 
1^ inches. The handle of the door moves on its pivot m. 

My drawings were submitted to an eminent mechanician, 
and I was in hopes that ere this he would have given me his 
views on the subject. This, however, he has not done. Still I 
do hope that by the assistance of the numerous and intelligent 
members of the Sussex Archaeological Society, we may see the 
lock of Woodman's door in theory restored to working order. 

I have mentioned Woodman's garden wall ; a plan of the 
locality is engraved on the plate opposite. 

I shall, I fear, be considered an obstinate fellow, and hard 
to please, for at the same time that I make a complicated 
lock out of instruments of torture, I turn the garden wall 
into an earthwork of Roman occupation. Respecting this 
garden wall, it seems to me that the earlier habitations in this 
island were generally congregated on commanding spots for 
the sake of defence, and the people had their Temple within 
the area. The Romans established themselves on the same 
spots, as being adapted to their occupation (by force) of the 
country. By and bye, when Christianity came in, the Church 
was built where the Pagan Temple had stood. I am sure this 
is the case in many villages, where you find the Church in 
the most commanding position ; at Warbleton the church is 
thus placed, in a military point of view, and immediately 
adjoining are found substantial earth works, the incomplete 
parts of which may have been levelled to form the churchyard. 

R. L. 

Ightham Mote, Kent, 16thMarch, 1865. 



* These pieces of mechanism a, o, d, e, are also separately figured on the plate. 

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SUSSEXIANA TOPOGRAPHICA, 



By G. SLADE butler, F.S.A. 



OONTINUBD 7B0M TOL. ZYI., P. 290. 



East Sussex. Haatinga Rape. 

AsHBURNHAU. — ^Account of A. Place. 

Ifeal^a Views of Noblemen and Gentlemen^ a Seats j Vol 4., 

1^^ Series, 1818-23. 

View of A. Park, from sketch by Hewitson, coloured. 

AkerrnarCsBepos: May, 1827. 

Ashbubnham's (J.) Narrative of his Attendance on King Charles 
I., to which is prefixed a Vindication of his Character and Con- 
duct from the Misrepresentations of Lord Clarendon, by the Earl 
of AsHBURNHAM, 2 vols., 8vo. portrait. 1830. 

Battle. — An Act for keeping a market upon Thursdays, at 
Battle, 8th Eliz., cap. 14. 1565. 

Battle Abbey. — Soutn West view of B. See Buek^s Views, 1737. 

Account of B. A., the then seat of Sir G. V. Webster, Bart 
Ifeale^s Vien>s of Noblemen and GenilemerCs Seats, Vol. 4., 

1st Series, 1818-23. 

B. A. — Account of 84 Gent: Mag., part 1, p. 9. 

Chronicon Monasterii de Bello, nunc primum typis mandatum, 
8vo., pp. 200, 1846. From a Cottonian MS. of the I2th century. 

Chronicle of B. A. in Sussex, from 1066 to 1176 ; originally com- 
piled in Latin by a Monk of the Establishment, and now first 
translated, with notes, and an abstract of the subsequent His- 
tory of the Abbey, by M. A. Lower, F.S.A. 8vo., with 
illuatratiom. 1&51. 

The Handbook to B. A., with a description of the Church and 
Monuments, by the Author of " Gleanings,'* with illustrations, 
8vo. Battely nd. 

Gleanings respecting Battel and its Abbey, by a Native, ]2mo., 
pp. 175. Battel, 1841. 

Roll of Battle Abbey, annotated by Sir J. B. Burks, square 
1 2mo. , heraldic plates and frontispiece. 1848. 

A brief examination of the roll of Battle Abbey, with a copy of 
the roll containing the names. 

Osnaura Literaria, voL 2, p. 4-42. 
XVII. Y 

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170 SUSSEXIANA TOPOGBAPHICA. 

English Sarnames, Essays on Family Nomenclature, Historical, 
Etymolo^cal, and Humorous, with Chapters of Rebuses, Canting 
Arms, the Roll of Battle Abbey, by M. A. Lower, M.A., Ac, 
post 8vo. 1842. 

Thorpe's Descriptive Catalogue of the Original Charters, Grants, 
Donations, &c., constituting the Muniments of Battel Abbey, 
also the Papers of the Montagus, Sidneys, and Websters, Syo. 
pp. 243. 1835. 

Bpecimens of the Columns in Battle Church. 

AtU: Eepertj voL 3, p. 187. 

Mural PaintinffS in Church. Arch: Journal 2,/? 141. 

Battle Abbey Church, History and Antiquities of. Biographical 
Anecdotes, Ac, by J. BBrrTON, 10 engravings by I^ Keux, 
royal 8vo. 1825. 

The monument of Sir Anthony Browne, E.G., in the chancel of 
Battle Church, engraved by R. Godfrey, from a drawing in 
the possession of Sir William Burrell, Bart 

Ant: Repert, vol. 2, p. llZ^voL 3, p. 182. 
See also Blore's Monumental Remains, plate 30. 

In the Ecclesiologist, voL 5, (U.S. vol. 2)j p. 83, 8vo.j London^ 
1846, is an account of the restoration of Battle Church. 

B. C— Inscriptions in, to Thomas Alfrage and John Wythine 
Dean,i 1615. W Gent: Mag.,pt. 1, 16, 1825. 

Biographical particulars relating to Mr. Ingleby (Isaac Ingall),^ 
of Battle Abbey, by Stephen Hewitson. 

Gent: Mag. 1798, p. 271. 

Alfred of Wessex, 2 vols., thick 8vo., an Extraordinary Historical 
Poem, relating to the Ancient Saxons, the War King, the 
Mythology of the North, the Bfyths and Early Stories of 
Britain, the Scalds, and the Spae- Wives. 

Privately Printed. Battle^ SusseXy 1852. 

Bayhau. — ^Abbey described. 91 Gent: Mag.y p. 2, p. 507. 

Bexhill. — ^An Act for settling the Manors of EaioU, Scale, and 
Kempsing upon the Earl of Dorset, and charging the Manor of 
Bexhill, Manor Farms of Cowding, and other lands in Sussex, 
with a rent charge of £130 in lieu thereof. 13 Car. 2, 1661. 

Account of the Passage of the Hurricane, from the sea-side at 
Bexhill, in Sussex, to Newingdon Level, 20th May, 1729, 
between nine and ten in the evening, with account of a New 
Engine to work by the Wind, 8vo., with the long and very rare 
Map, showing the route of the Hurricane over the country, by 
Richard Bugden, of Frant, Sussex, pp. 32. LondoUj 1730. 

1 For a List of the Deans see Omt: tained the age of 120 years. He waa 

Ifo^. for April, 1865, in which Wythine stated to have been bom in 1679. These 

is printed Withers. cases are mentioned with a doubt in J^ateg 

* This is the old gamekeeper whose and Queria, 
name has been recorded as having at- 



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8USSHXIANA TOPOGRAPHIC A. 171 

BoDiAM.— Castle KB. BucVs ViewSy 1737. 

Grose's Andquities. Vol 6., London^ 1787. 

Ruins of 72 Gent: Mag., p. 9, 1802. 

A Poem in Six Cantos, with notes by Stonestreet, 8vo. 1818. 

A Graphic and Historical Sketch of, by William Cotton, Esq., 
M.A., 8vo., 2 plates, 1 plan, pp. 30. London^ 1831. 

Church, Brasses in, account ana plate of, 

7 Gent : Mag,, N.S. 263, 1837. 

Notice of the Restoration of, 

Ecclesiologist N.S., vol xiv., p. 156, 1853. 

Brkde Place.— See Grose^s Antiquities, vol 6, Lorulon, 1787. 

BucKSTEEP, in Warbleton. — An act for vesting the Manor of B. 
and several other lands in Sussex, the Estate of Joseph Weller, 
Esq., in Trustees to be sold, Ac., 9 Anne, c. 34, priv. 1710. 

BuRWASH. — Armatura Dei : or a preparation for suffering m an 
Evil day ; showing how Christians are to bear sufferings, and 
what Graces are requisite thereunto : suited for all good Chris- 
tians in this present time, by Edward Polhill, of Burwash, in 
Sussex, Esq. London, printed for Tho. Cockerill, at the Three* 
Legs in the Poultry. I2mo., 1682. 

Discourse on Schism by same, 12mo., 1694. Reprinted, 1823. 

Letter from Christopher Mason on a fireball seen at B., Dec. 1 1, 
1741. See alsoRosehill and Warbleton. Phil. Trans: 42, p. 1. 

Historical account of the Baronies of Burgersh and Despenser. 

33 Gent: Mag., p. 192. 

Believer!s Alphabet, by — Funnell, of Burwash, 8vo. 

Camber. — An act for the sale of the Manor of Hempsted, Ac., the 
Estate of Sir Robert Guldeford, Bart, for payments of debts, 
and for settling the Camber Farm and other lands in Sussex, 
to the same uses as the Manor of H. 10 Anne, 1711. 

The Chronicles of a tale of the Reformation, 8vo. London, 1855. 

Cinque Ports— Barons of the C. P., two Ancient Towns, and 
their Members, Breviat petition concerning their Grievances, 
being restrained to trade into the Low Countries and Germany, 
restrained from free buying and selling in London, by the 
London Adventurers, folio circa, 1618. 

The services of the C. P., 4 to London, 1641. 

To the Right Hon. the Lords and Peers in the High Court of 
Parliament assembled ; the humble petition of the Maior, Bay- 
lyffes. Jurats, Freemen, and other Inhabitants of the C. P., 
two Ancient Towns and their Members, folio 1641. 

An order of the Lords and Commons assembled in Parliament 
for settling and managing of the Places of the Lord Admirall 
and Lord Warden of the C. P., in a Committee of Lords and 
Commons, folio London, 1645. 

An Act for Establishing the power of Lord Admirall of England, 

Y 2 

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172 8US8EX1ANA TOPOGRAPHICA. 

and Lord Warden of the C. P., upon the Council of State, 
folio London^ 1650. 

Lambarde's Perambulation of Ken t, to which is added the Charters, 
Ac., of the C. P. 1656. 

The Glorious and Living C. P. of our fortunate Island ; thrice 
happj in the person of his Sacred Majesty the illustrious and 
pnissant Prince James, Duke of York,* 4to Oxford^ 1666. 

Magna Antiqua Charta Quinque Portuum Domini Regis et Mem- 
brorum eorundam, small 8vo, p.p. 95 
Cantabrtffi(B,Excudebatur pro Majare etJuratis HastinffUBj 1675. 

Collection of the Statutes relating to the C. P. 

Printed by BaskeU^ 1 726. 

A charge given at a Session of Admiralty within the C. P., Sep. 
2, 1668, By Dr. L. Jenkins— On the Trial of certain Wooi- 
stealers,* taken within the Jurisdiction of the Cinque Ports. Of 
the Jurisdiction of the Cinque Ports, and how a sentence, given 
in the Admiralty there, may be reviewed. Wynne^s Life of Sir 
Leoline Jenkins^ 2 vol^.j/oliOy vol. 1 , p. Ixxxv. London^ 1 724. 

Charters of the C. P., two ancient Towns and their Members, 
translated into English, with annotations, historical and critical, 
thereupon, wherein divers old Words are explained, and some 
of their ancient Customs and Privileges observed, by Samuel 
Jbake, sen., of Bye, one of the said Ancient Towns, fol. 

London : Printed for Bernard Lintoty at the Cross KeySy 
between the Temple Gates in Fleet Street 1728. 

Title, dedication, adveitiaement, Bubseribera* names, four leaves ; charters and 
table, pp. 190. This book was written in 1678, and after the death of the 
author was printed by the recommendation of Ld. Ch. Bar. Gilbert 

History, political and personal, of the Boroughs of Great Britain, 
together with the C. P. (by T. H. B. Oldfield) 3 vols, 8vo 

London^ 1794. 

The History of the 0. P. forms part of toI. 8. 

A Guide to the C. P., with an account of Hastings, l2mo 1804. 

The Ancient Liberties and Privileges of the C. P. and Ancient 
Towns, to which is prefixed an original sketch of Constitutional 
Bights, and the principles of our ancient Representation, traced 
from the most authentic Records, and supported by undeniable 
Testimonials from the most respectable, legal, political, and 
historical Authorities, by James Russell, Rye, 2mo3 preface 
and pp. 172 London^ 1809. 

Treats of Hastings, Bye, Whichelsea, and Seaford, in Sussex. 

An Account of C. P. Meetings, called Brotherhoods and Guest* 
lings, by T. Mantell, F.A.8., F.L.S., 8vo,pp. 20 Dover, 1811. 

* He was Lord Warden, and even after « See Sups: Arch. OoU., vol. x, p. 

he came to the throne continued to 69, for notice of smugglers of wool, 
dischai^ge the duties of the office. 



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SUSSEXIANA TOPOGRAPHICA. 173 

Delineations, historical and topographical, of the Isle of Thanet 
and the C. P., by E. W. Brayley, illustrated with Engravings 
by William Deeble, 2 vols. l2mo. London^ 1817. 

Coronation Ceremonies and Customs relative to Barons of the 
C. P., as supporters of the Canopy, by T. Mantell, F.S.A., 
4to, pp. 55 Dover^ 1820. 

Sir Thomas Man toll's Tracts relative to C. P. and Coronations, from 
1771 to 1828, published at the request of several Barons of the 
C. P. To which is added a fall Report of the proceedings at 
the last coronation ; and also a complete Account of the Brother- 
hood and Guestling, last holden in 1828, 4to, pp 226. 

Dover y 1828. 

Oral Tradition of the C. P. and their Localities, compared with 
Antiquarian Researches, National Causes and their effects, by 
Captain Kennett Beacham Martin, 8vo, pp. 31 London^ 1832. 

Ancient Manner of taking Refuge for Murder or Felony in the 
C. P. . GerU: Mag.^ Aug. 1771. 

Extract from the Custom-Hall of the C. P. in the reigns of Henry 
VII. and VIII. Ardiq : Rep : vol 3. 

History of the Town and Port of Dover, with a short account of 
the C. P. by the Rev. John Lyon, 2 vols 4to, l)ot>er^ 1813-14. 

Vol. 2 compriaeB the CustomaU of Hastdcgs, Rtb, and Winchblsba. 

The Beauties of the Isle of Thanet, and the C. P., map^ and 96 
jE7/a^, 2 vols, 12mo 1830. 

Report and Minutes of Evidence before the House of Commons 
on the C. P. Pilots. Fol. 1833. 

C. P., on the early constitution of, 8 Gent: Mag. N.S.j p 20. 

C. P., The Barons of London and the 

36 Gent: Maa.^ N S.j 50 1851. 

Cliff End — An Act for maintaining ana preserving a military 
Canal and Road from Shornecliffe, Kent, to Cliff End, /St^^^^r, 
47 Geo. Ill, c. 70 13 August, 1807. 

Crowhurst Church, &a, Eccliesiol. (If.8.) xiv.,/>. 309, 1856. 

Etchingham— Case between the Strode Family and the Lytton 
Family, relating to the Manor of Etchins^ham, Sussex, and 
other Manors in Bedford, Hertford, Ac., left by Sir Gteorge 
Strode to his son Lytton Lytton, Ac., fol. 

. Privately Printed, 1 729. 

Brass of Sir William de Etchingham in Etchingham Church 1 387. 

Monumental Brasses and Slabs, 1847. Also Antiq: Kepert: v. 3, 
p. 188. EcclesioL (N.S.) xiy.,p. 315, 459— xv.,/?. 321. 

Echyngham of Echyngham, by Spencer Hall, F. S. A, 8vo. 
Privately printed London, 1830. 

Burghersh or the Pleasures of a Country Life, 12mo 

London, 1855. 
Two Views of the Charoh at Etchingham, and one of Habemabb. 



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174 SUSSEXIANA TOPOORAPHICA. 

Fatrlight. — Fairlight Church. A letter to the Editor of the 
Brighton Gazette^ bj the author of ^' Something about Bje 
church," (Thos. Jenner), ISmo, pp. 23 

London: Brewster and West^ 1846. 

GuESTLiNG — ^Accident at, 56, Gent: Mag.^ p. 6\\ 1786. 

Particulars respecting the Church, and the Rev. Robert Bradshaw, 
rector, who died 20th July, 1736. 68, Gent : Ma^.^ p. 273 

The Restoration of the Jews and other poems, by Sir W. Ash- 

BURNHAM, 8V0 1849. 

Hastings. — A collection of Advertisements, Letters, Ac, relating 
to the last Election at Westminster and Hastings, 8vo 

London^ 1723. 

Letter from Dr. T. Frewen to Dr. Jurin, giving an account of con- 
dition of H. after the small pox. Dated Rye, Jan. 28, 1780-1. 

PhiL Trans. 37, p. 108. 

Discourse at the Visitation at H., by John Coubtail, of Burwash 
Archdeacon of Lewes, 4to 1 760. 

Discourse on the manners of the World at H., and description of 
our Universities, by J. Letticb, Vicar of Peasmarsh, 4to 1788. 

Liber Regis, vel Thesaurus rerum Ecclesiasticarum, by J. Bacon, 
4 to. I)eanen/ of Hastings, p. 143 London^ 1786. 

H. topographically described, with views 

56, Gent: Mag., 649, 651, 852, 854 1786. 

Act for Improving, Removing Annoyances, preventing Incroach- 
ments in the Town, Port, and Parish of St Clements, Hastings, 
29 Geo. III. Repealed, see post p. 176-7 1769. 

History of Boroughs and the Cinque Ports — Hastings, voL 3, 
pp. 27 to 47 Edition, 1792. 

Atmospherical Refraction at H., July 26, 1797, by William 
Latham, F.R.S. PAiL Trans. 88, p. 357-9. 

The H. Guide, or a description of that Ancient Town and Port 
and its Environs, including an account of the Churches, Anti- 
quities, Ruins, Fortifications, Castles, Gentlemen^s Seats, 
Walks and Rides, Trade, Fairs, Markets, Fisheries, &c., to 
which is added some account of the Cinque Ports, and a minute 
detail of the famous Battle of Hastings (the 2nd edition), by 
An Inhabitant, embellished with three plates and a map of 
the Environs, 8vo, pp. 130 Barry , BastingSy 1797. 

Views of St Clements and All Saints Churches 

77 Gent: Mag., 105. 

A Guide to the Cinque Ports, with an account of H., 12mo 1804. 

Valor Ecclesiasticus, temp. Hen. VllI, auctoritate Regis insti- 
tutus, foL 1810. 

JDecanatus de Hastyngys, voL 1, p. 344. 

H. Guide, with its antiquities, engravings, 12mo Hastings^ 1810. 

1815. 



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SUSSEXIANA TOPOGRAFHICA. 175 

H. Gaide, with its antiquities^ engravings, 8 vo, plate, 5th ed., pp. 
74. Hastings J J. Barry ^ Marine Library^ «• rf., ahout 1819. 

by Q. Wool 1832. 

T. Boss's H. and St Leonards Guide, containing a variety of in- 
formation respecting the History and Antiquities of the above 
and neighbouring towns, with a full description of all subjects 
necessary to the comfort and accommodation of Visitors, 
12mo» pp. 56 Hastings J 1835. 

ThiB work has undergone Twelve editions, and has now pp. 105. 

Handbook for H., St Leonards, and neighbourhood, small 8vo, 
plates jDiplocky Hastings, 1845. 

Boss's Views of H., and its environs, oblong, 14 plates 1844. 

H. Past and Present; being a true and faithful history of that 
renowned Borough and neighbourhood from the earliest times, 
including the latest events, committed to rhyme for the benefit 
of the Infirmary, by T. B. 1847. 

A rural descriptive Poem, with historical and explanatory Notes, 
by T. R Reed, 8vo , Hastings j 1824. 

A concise, historical and topographical sketch of H., Battle, Win- 
chekea, and Rye, to which is added a list of the Lodging 
Houses, 4th ecution, 12mo, pp. 95 

Ransom J Printer y Hastings 1825. 

Illustrations of H., and its Vicinity, 4to, 49 plates from drawings 
by Q. Rowe, n.d., circa, 1825. 

Hastings Fishing Boats returning on the approach of a storm, 
fol. Coxj Reeve. 

Sermon delivered at Trevor Chapel, Brompton, Sept 14, 1817, 
on the sudden death of the Rev. John Morley, clerk, of H., by 
John Morrison, Minister of Trevor Chapel, London, 8vo (Dr. 
WUliams's Library, 12018) 18 1 7. 

Historical and Topographical Sketch of H., Winchelsea, Rye, Ac., 
by T. W. L. Stockdalk, 8vo, 29 plates, pp. 45 Londony 1817. 

Fusseli's Journey Round the Coast of Kent, including Tunbridge 
Wells, Rye, Winchelsea^ H., Battle^ &a, with remarks on the 
principal objects, 8vo 1818. 

Views of the most interesting landscape and marine scenery in 
the Rape of H., from drawings by J. M. W. Turner, RA., with 
letter-press by R. Reinagle, map and 5 engravings, fol. 1819. 

A Sentimental Journey through Margate and H ., by Dr. Com- 
parative, Jun., 12mo, pp. 222, View of East Cliff 

Hastings, 1 819. 

The History and Antiquities of the Town and Port of H., illus- 
trated by a series of engravings from original drawings by W. 
G. Moss, imp. 8vo, 26 plates, pp. 207 London, 1824. 

This work was also reproduced in 4to, 1824. 

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176 SUSSEXIANA TOPOGRAPHICA. 

Observations on the Strata of H., by Thomas Websteb, Secretary 
to the Geological Society 

Geol Trans. 2nd Ser., 2, p. 31-36, 1824. 

H. Castle, Excavations at 94 Gejit: Mag.,pt. 2,/?. 173 1824. 

Historical and Topographical Sketch of H., Battle, Winchelsea, 
and Rye, embellished with engravings, a plan of the town, and 
a map of the environs of Hastings, 12mo. Published by P. M. 
Powell Hastings^ 1825. 

An Act for erecting a chapel at Pelham Crescent, in the Parish 
of Saint Mary in the Castle, 6, Geo. IV. j c. xxxiiL 1825, 

Picture of H., containing sketches of the Antiquities and Curiosi- 
ties in that interesting part of the country, in a series of letters 
from a Cosmopolite to a Valetudinarian 

Hastings; G. Wooly High Street ^ n. d. about 1826. 

Curative Influence of the Southern Coast of England, especially 
that of H., with observations on Diseases in which a residence 
on the Coast is most beneficial, by W. Harwood, M.D., ]2mo, 
pp. 326 London, 1828. 

Description of H., Uni. Mag. 26, p. 147, p. 281 , and View of Battle, 
jt?. 375. 

An Act for Paving, Lighting, &a, the Town and Port of Hastings, 
2, Wm. IV. J c. xci. 1832. 

There had been the Act of 29, Oea. III.^ and another, 1, 6ho. IK^ o. 12, both 

repealed. 

Geological Sketch of the Vicinity of H., by W. H. Fitton, M.D., 
12mo, plates London, 1833. 

Coast Scenery, a series of Views in the British Channel, by C. 
Stanfield, RA., 8vo, comprising Hastings p. 68 London, 1836. 

St. Vincent de Paul and the Sisters of Charity ; with some par- 
ticulars of the Establishment to be erected at St Leonards, 
Hastings, ]2mo London, 1836. 

Report on Plans submitted to W. Cubitt (afterwards Sir Wm.) for 
forming a harbour at H., with the Report and Plans of Col. 
Williams annexed, fol. Ransom, Hastings^ 1838. 

Observations on Mr. Cubitus Report, by CoL Williams, fol. 

Ransom, Hastings, 1838. 

Resolutions agreed to at a meeting of the Council of the Borough 
of H., on the 30th November, fol. Ransom^ Hastings, 1838. 

The Sanative Influence of Climate, by Sir James Clark, Bart — 
Climate of H., p. 122, 8vo London, 1841. 

Copies of Charters relating to the Priory of H., 

6 Col Top. et Geneal 101. 

H., Muster Roll for the Rape of, 13 Edward III., from a MS. in 
the College of Arms, temp. James I. 7 Col. Top. ei GeneaL 
118 London, 1841. 

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SUSSBXIANA TOPOGBAPHICA. 177 

H., H0I7 water stoup at, 21, Qent^^Mng. N,S ^ 246, andJour. Brit. 
Arch. Ass. 2 p. 267 

H., Ancient Deeds relating to lb. p. 175 

H. considered as a resort for Invalids, by J. Macenkss. M.D., 
8vo London^ 1842. 

* 2nd Edition, Svo London, 1850. 

Guide to H. and St Leonards, by A. Ceux 

Pictorial Guide to H. and St. Leonards, by Arundale. N.D. 

Report to the General Board of Health, on a preliminary enquiry 
into the Sewerage and Drainage of die Town and Port of H., 
8vo. London, 1850. 

The Excursion-Train Companion, by C. Knight, 8vo. Hastings 
and its routes. No. 2. London, 1851. 

Mackness (Dr., of H.), Memorials of his Life and Character, 
edited by the Author of " Brampton Rectory," 12mo. 1851. 

An Act for confirming Provisional Order for applying the Public 
Health Act, 1848^ to the district not included in St Leo- 
nards Paving Act, 14 and 15 Vict., c. 98 1851. 

Official Illustrated Guide to the Brighton and South Coast Bail- 
way, and all the branches, by G. Measom, p. 33, 8vo. 

London, 1853. 

Stranger's Guide and Directory to H. and St Leonards. (Many 
of the Notices were by W. D. Cooper). Osborne, Hastings, 1854. 

H. Past and Present, with notices of the most remarkable places in 
the neighbourhood, and an appendix aud other supplementary 
matter, by Miss Howard, 12mo.,pp. 326, Hastings: William 
Diplock, Royal Marine Library — London: John Russell Smith, 
36, Soho Square, 1855. 2nd Ed., 1864. 

H. B^visited ; or the Ghost of the Old Commission, by Mercury. 

Hastinos, 1855. 

The Southern Watering Places of England— H., St Leonards, 
Dover, and Tunbridge Wells— reprinted with alterations from 
the 3rd Edition of " The Watering Places of England," by E. 
Leb, M.D. London, 1856. 

Church of the Holy Trinity, Ecclmol (N.8.) xv., p. 129— xvL, jt?. 
127 1857-8. 

Three Reports relating to H. Water, with an Appendix of Letters, 
&c., ordered to be printed by the Local Board of Health, 12mo., 
pp. 60. Hastings, 1859. 

Heathfield.— H. Tower described with an engraving, 64 Gent. 
Mag., 1163. 1794. 

— -^— Park, new Tower erected. 63 Oent: Mag., 1847. 

HooE AND NiNFiELD. — A Scrmou preached ou Friday, Feb. 6, 1756 
(Fast day for Earthquakes at Lisbon), by N. Farriano, M.D. 

W. Lee, Lewes. 

HuBSTMONOEXJX.— Castle, S.W. See Buck's Views, 1737. 

xvn. z 



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178 SU5SEXIAKA TOPOGBAPHICA. 

Brief account of H. House. 42 Gent: Maa.^ p. 562, 1772. 

Account of H. House. 43 Gefd: mag.^ p. 63, 1773. 

Inscription on a stone by the Chancel steps of Hurstmonceux 
Church. 3 Antiq. Rep.^p. 189. 

H. Castle, in Sussex, by J. M. W. Turner, pinx., fol. Cooke deL 

Curious rooms in the Castle at 74 Gent: Maff.y 875, 1065-— 1804. 

Brass of Sir William Fienles, 1405. Monumental Brasses^ iy 
BaiUell London^ 1849. 

AUo enaraved in voL Z of the Antiquarian Repertory ^ p, 236. 

A brief History and Description of H. Castle and its possessors. 

Windmill Hilly 1824. 

The H. Case— Gtoulty, TumbuU, Chapman, and Brewer. 1827. 

IcKLESHAM.— Grant of Lands in L, by Sib Thomas HicBiNGAnD,^ 
Kt, to JohnVinch [Fiuch] and his brother Vinsent, with re- 
mainders over, in, 1350. 9 GefU: Mag.jZrd aeries^ 141. 

For notices of I. Church, see the Ecclesiologistj vol. 6, p. 181. 

Vol. 9, 268 ; vol. 13, Letter of Mr. Teulon, the architect. 

Ore. — Brass of Civilian and Lady in 0. Church, c. 1400. Menu-- 
mental Brasses. London^ 1849. 

Fett. — An Act for setting aside a Voluntary Settlement made to 
Mary Fermour, widow, and for ratifying a partition made of the 
Manors of Mersham and Pett, and divers lands in the county of 
Sussex, between her and Bartholomew Walmsly, Esq., and 
others, 2 and 3 Anne^ chap. 43. 1703. 

BosEHiLL.— Account of a Fire-ball and violent Thunder heard. 
Dec. 11, 1741, at, by John Fulleb, jun., F.RS. 

FAiL Trans. Uy p. 871- 

Bye. — Monetary affairs afber the Revolution of 1688, being ex- 
tracts from the Diary of Samuel Jeake, of Rye, in 1694 

37 Gent: Mag.^ N.S.j 567. 

In Carew's Boroughs, fol., 1755, pp. 80 to 86, is an account of R. 

Examination, Confession, and Condemnation of Henry Robson, 
fisherman of R. who poysoned his wife in the strangest manner 
that ever hitherto hath been heard of, 4to, black letter (BodL 
Lib.) London, 169a 

Cabinet, or Christian Miscellany, edited by D. Guy, a scarce local 
magazine Rye, 1773. 

Letter relating to G. Jewhurst, of R., in Morning Post, Ifo. 2335 
February, 1776 (Gough, Sussex, 3.) 

* See notices of this family in Buss : to give it up to the King. It was de- 

Aroh. Coll., vol. xiii, p. 90. Stephen livered on 28th Dec., 1267, into the 

Harengod, who died circa. 1257, left hands of Nicholas de Lewknor, keq>er 

William, his son and heir (Esch. 41 of the King*s wardrobe, the King tiien 

Henry IIL, No. 18), then 40 years of being at Winchester. Pat. 52, Hen. UL, 

age. Ralph Heringaud toolL part with the m. 82. In 1889 (18, Edw. III.), Thomas 

Barons against the King, and was killed <}^ Heringaud furnished one man at 

at the Battle of Lewes ; the Abbot of arms for £20 worth of land in Ickle- 
Battie, who held £40 of his money, had 



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SUSSEXIANA TOPOGRAPHICA. 179 

Jeake, Samuel, Notice of, 59 GctU: Mag. 218 1789. 

History, Political and Personal, of the ^Boroughs of Great Britain 
together with the Cinque Ports — Rye, voL 3, pp. 72 to 84 
Edition 1792. 

South- West view of R, church, fol. -HI B<mm del. 1812. 

R, Approach to, poetry, 83 Gent: Mag. part 2, p. 580 1813. 

Sketch of Hastings, Winchelsea, and Bye, by Fred. \V. L. Stock- 
dale, 8vo, bds, 29 plates, pp. 45 

London^ n. d. March 1, 1817, in publisher* a address. 

North View, of R, copper plate, fol. W. Manser del. Ashsc. 1822. 

Characteristic Traits, or a descriptive exhibition of the members 
of the R. Corporation, with a few preliminary observations, 
12mo, pp. 30 no printer'' s name or date, c. 1824. 

R Gazette, in numbers, occasionally published. No. 1, November 
1st, 1826. No 15 (the last), Jan. 1st, 1829, in all pp. 62,4to. 

Rye. 

Coast Scenery, a series of Views in the British Channel, by C. 
Stanfield, RA., 8vo— Rye, p. 66 London, 1836. 

Something about R Church, written by Mr. Thomas Jemneb, 
Solicitor, Rye, 8vo, pp. 24, privately printed 

London: J. Weale, 1844. 

History and Antiquities of the Ancient Town and Port of R, with 
notices of the Cinque Ports, by William Holloway, thick 8vo, 
pp. 614 Londony 1847. 

In the Ecclesiologist N.S., voU \, p. 148, is a notice of R. 
Church. 

History of Romney Marsh from its earliest formation to 1837, 
with a glance at its adjacencies, and some remarks on the 
situation of the ancient Anderida, being an accompaniment to 
the History of R, by Wiluam Holloway, 8vo, pp. J 02, 7 
maps and plates London, 1849. 

Guide to R, l2mo Taylor, Rye, 1860. 

Poll for the Borough of R, 9th July, 1852, 12mo, pp. 14. 

Exposure of the corrupt system of Elections at R, by Major 
CuRTBis, an Elector, 8vo, pp. 24 

London: James Ridgway, Piccadilly, 1863. 

Poll for the Borough of R, 21st May, 1863, 12mo, pp 16. 

The Gardens of R Household Words, 6, p. 55 1853. 

The Maid and the Monk, a Ghostly Legend of the Ancient Town 
of R, 12mo, pp. 24 Rye, 1855. 

A Ballad by William Holloway, 12mo, pp. 16 Rye, 1869. 

The site of Anderida, H L. L's opinion 1 Gent : Mag., Srd series, 
p. 77. 

Memorial Notice of the Rev. Henry Cooper, B.D., 27 years Vicar 
ofR, 8vo. pp. 4 Printed for his private /irtends, 1862. 

z 2 

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180 SUSSEXIANA TOPOGRAPHICA. 

Antiquarian Rambles through R, by William Hollowat, cr. 8vo, 
pp. 88 1863. 

W. A. Mackinnon^ Esq., M.P. for R, a sketch, by G. Slade 
Butler, F.S.A., 8vo, Parmns^ Rye^ 1863. 

In the State Papers are several interesting reports from Rye in 1«552 
and 1563, written by John Young, me Mayor, Ac., to Cecill, 
relating to the soldiers embarked from Rye for the attack upon 
Normandy, and of the refugees from Dieppe to Rye.* 

Ryb Harbour. 

Tn Mr. Lemon^s Calendar of papers in the State Paper Office are 
the following notices of Rte Harbour, temp. Elizabeth : 

1 558. — Offers touching the reparations of the Harbours of Rye 
and of the Camber on the redemption of Mr. Vaughan's lease. 

1562. — June 18, from Rye, Armigell Waad to the Lord Admiral; 
details his proceedings in surveying the water-courses between 
Newenden and Rye, with the view of improving Rye Harbour. 

1570.— Proposals in fee farm of the Salt Marshes adjoining the 
Camber to (N), he covenanting to keep in Repair the decayed 
Harbour of Rye, according to the device of Adryan Skedam. 

1573. — Petition of the Mayor, Ac. of Rye to the Council for aid 
in the repair of the Puddle and Creek of Rye, which will be 
done for the sum of £3,000. 

1574.— Report to the Queen by an Italian (De Trento? see petition 
of Mayor and Jurats in his/atourj 17 Dec.^ 1591, Lans. Mss.) 
of his survey of the Ports of Rye and Sandwich, touching the 
necessary repairs, requests some remuneration. 

1576 (Feb?). — Device of a bill for granting duties for the main- 
tenance of Harbours at Rye and Winchelsea, and for repairing 
Dover haven. 

A Proposal to amend the H. of R., by Robert Colepepyr, Gent, 
folio, pp. 4, with plan. k.d. 

Case of the owners of the Upper Levels relating to a Bill depend- 
ing in Parliament about the H. of R., folio half sheet k.d. 

A J^port condemning all projects of Improvement ^^as the 
Old (Eastern) Harbour, they say, is reduced to 2 or 4 feet water, 
at low water, and is lost." 1698. 

A Report suggesting the widening of the New (Westermost) 
Channel, and taking away the dams or sluices which prevent 
the flow of the tide. 1719. 

An Act for the better preservation of the Harbour of R, in the 
county of Sussex. 7 Geo. Isty c. 9, 1720. 

An Act for completing the repairs of the harbour of Dover, and 
for restoring the harbour of R. to its ancient goodness. 

9 Geo. \8t, c. 30, 1722. 

* See Sues : Arch: CoU : vol. xiii., p. 180, for notices of these Protestant refugees. 



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SUSSEXIANA T0P06RAFHICA. 181 

An Act for making more effectnal an act made in the ninth year 
of his Majesty's reign intituled an act for completing the repairs 
of the harbour of Dover, and for restoring the harbour of R. to 
its ancient goodness, so far as the same relates to the harbour 
of Rye. 10 Geo. Ut^ cap.l^ 1723. 

An Act for oontinuing the term and powers s^ranted and given by 
the acts passed in the 11 th and i 2th years of King Wm. 3rd, and 
in the 9th and 10th years of his late Majesty, King George, for 
repairing the harbour of Dover, and for restoring the harbour 
of R to its antient goodness. 1 1 Geo, 2ndj cap. 7, 1738. 

A report stating progress made, but doubting whether, when 
made, the New (Western) Harbour will be so good as the old 
one. 1743. 

An account of the opening of R. Harbour. 

32 Gent: Mag., ZAO, 1762. 

A report containing plans for perfecting the New (Western) 
Harbour, by John Smeaton, F.R.S. 1763. 

An Act for continuing one moiety of the duties granted by an act 
of the 1 1th and 12m year of King William 3rd, for the repairs 
of Dover Harbour, and which had been by several other 
acts continued till the 12th day of May, 1765, and for applying 
the same to completing and keeping in repair the harbour of 
B., Sussex, and for more effectually completing and keeping in 
repair the said harbour. 4 Geo. 3r3, cap. 72, 1 764. 

Reports from the Select Committee on Petitions for extending 
&e powers of acts for repairing R. and Dover harbours. 

1699-1764. 

Journals House of C, vol. 27, p. 449. Vol. 29, jGjp. 82—403. 

An Act for further continuing so much of certain duties as have 
by several Acts of Parliament been granted and continued for 
repairing and maintaining the harbours of Dover and R., as are 
applicable to completing and keepins^ in repair the said harbour 
of Rye, in the county of Sussex. 18 Geo. Srdj cap. 32, 1778. 

An Act for discontinuing the New Harbour of Rye, and for repeal- 
ing several acts relating thereto, and for providing for the 
discharge of a debt accrued on account thereof, and for making 
reparation for certain losses, and for the improvement of the 
old Harbour of R. 37 Geo. 3, cap. 130, 1797. 

An Act for more effectually improving and maintaining the old 
Harbour of R., in the county of Sussex. 

41 Geo. 3, cap. 53, 1801. 

Report addressed to the Commissioners of R. Harbour, by W. 
Jessop and John Renkib, dated February ith^ 1801. 

Alexander Sutherland's Reports, with estimates, plans, and sec- 
tions, &c.. First, of the proposed canal through the Weald of 
Kent, intended to form a junction of the rivers Medway and 

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182 SUSSEXIANA TOPOGRAPHICA. 

Bother from near Yalding, in Kent, to the tideway near the 
Port of Rye, in Sussex, ; Secondly, of a branch from the Canal 
by the river Teise to the town of Lamberhurst, in Kent and 
Sussex, &c. ; together with some general observations on their 
great local and national importance, 4to, 2 large folding maps, 
list of subscribers, pp. 28 London^ 1802. 

Account of the simple and easy means by which the Harbour of 
R was restored and made navigable for ships of considerable 
burthen by the Bev. Daniel Papb, NiehoUoris JaumcU 1805, 
p. 245. 

In Priestly*s Canals, ed. 183K p. 585, is an account of the ^^ Boyal 
Military or Shorncliffe and EL Canal," 

47 Geo. 3, c. 70, \Zth August^ 1807. 

Beport of Cater Band on a viewed Survey of that part of the river 
Bother and Levels through which it runs, from and between 
the lands situate above I^ewenden bridge, called Dixter's and 
Padeham, and the place of Scott's Float-Sluice ; the river to 
the harbour's moutn having been heretofore surveyed, sm. fol., 
pp. 3 Lercea^ \\th November^ 1812. 

Beport made by John Bennie, Esq., respecting R Harbour and 
the Upper Levels on the banks of the river Bother, fol., pp. 3. 

London^ December 26, 1812. 

Affidavits of William Grigsby, James Hemmings, and Bichard 
Tiltman, Trinity Pilots, touching the then state of B. Harbour, 
fol., p. 1. Swam 27ui June^ \S\S. 

^^ The humble Petition and memorial of the Mayor and Jurats 
and also of the undersigned merchants, ship owners, and in- 
habitants of, and other persons interested in the trade of the 
ancient Town and Port of B ," setting forth the state of the 
Harbour, addressed to the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, 
foL, pp. 2 Cooksy printer J London^ 1813. 

The like Petition and memorial addressed ^^To the Master 
Wardens and Assistants of the Honourable Corporation of 
Trinity House." 

Beport relative to B. Harbour, by Daniel Alexander, addressed 
to the Mayor, Jurats, and Merchants, &c., &c, of the town and 
port of B., fol., pp. 4 Datedy London^ November 18, 181.1. 

A report of the summing up of the Lord Chief Justice Dallas, on 
the Trial of an action at Lewes, at the Summer Assizes, in 
1817, brought by the Duke of Newcastle and others, as Ck>m- 
missioners of Sewers, against Thomas Clark and others, as 
Commissioners of R Harbour, for cutting and removing a dam 
and bank that obstructed the navigation of the Brede river, 
and tended to destroy the Harbour of B. Followed by a Beport 
of the arguments of Counsel and the Judgment of the Court on 
the Application of the Defendants, the Commissioners of B. 

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SUSSEXIANA TOFOGBAPHICA. 183 

Harbour, to set aside the Verdict, which the Court did. 8vo, 
pp. 156 1818. 

Beported 8. Taunton 602. 2. Moore 666. 

An Act to amend an Act passed in the 41st year of King G^eorge 
IIL, intituled ^' An Act for more effectually improving and 
maintaining the old Harbour of R., and to appoint new Com- 
missioners, and to enable the Commissioners to raise additional 
Funds on the Tolls, by way of mortgage or otherwise, Ist Wm. 
4tAy cap. 135 1830. 

An Act to alter and amend the Powers of several Acts passed 
relating to the Harbour of R, and for granting further Powers 
for improving and completing the said Harbour and the navi* 
gation thereof, 3 Wm. 4th, cap. 67 1833. 

First Report of Wul Cubitt on the state of R. Harbour, fol. pp. 4. 

29th July J 1H33. 

Second Report of Mr. Cubitt, fol. pp. 3 April 17^A, 1839. 

Report on R. Harbour made to the House of Commons by James 
A. Gordon, rear*admiral, Alex. T. E. Vidal, captain, Robert 
Thompson, lieut-col. RE., Richard Drew, elder Brother of the 
Trinity House, J, Walker, W. Cubitt, civil engineers. 

60^^ May^ 1840. 

Report of the Tidal Harbours Commission, 1st Report, pp. 10 and 
JOl, with plan. See Reports of Commissioners, 1845. 

VoL 16, Rye, p. 278 and 385. 

An Account of the origin and formation of the Harbour of the 
Ancient Town of R., of the causes of its present decay, and of 
the means whereby it may be restored to its pristine depth and 
capacity, so as to become a considerable Tide-harbour and a 
useful Harbour of Refuge, by John Meryon, formerly a Com- 
missioner of the said harbour. Beiny one of the contributions 
to Weale*3 Quarterly Papers on Engineering ^ 4 to 

London^, John Weale^ 1845. 

An Act to enable the South Eastern Railway Company to make 
and maintain a railway from the Town of R to the mouth of 
R. Harbour, 9 Vic.y cap. 55 1846. 

Report of W. Cubitt, C.E., to the Commissioners of R, foL, pp. 3 

London^ 1th May, 1849. 

On the Theory, Formation and Construction of British and Foreign 
Harbours, by Sir John Renkib, 2 vols. fol. (Rye, VoL 1, p. 121, 
andplan Vol. 2, No. 46) London^ 1851-4. 

Report from Sir William Cubitt and Captain Vetch to the Secre- 
tary of the Admiralty on the case of R Harbour, sm. fol. pp. 3. 

SOth September, 1852. 

St. Leonards. — ^An Act for erecting a chapel. 1831. 

An Act for paving, lighting, &c., 2, fVilL IV.y c. 45. 1832. 



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184 SUSSEXIANA TOPOGBAPHICA. 

Salehurst. — Death disarmed ; the grave buried : delivered in a 
Sermon at the interment of Henry English at >Saleb8T, Dec. 
10, 1649, by John Bradshaw, Preacher, of Etchingham, 4to, 
(Dr. Williams's Lib.) London^ 1650. 

TicsHURST — Church, View of, 71 Gent: Mag.^ 593. 

Copies of Deeds relating to the family of Courthope, of Wyleigh, 
in T., 2 Coll. Top. et GenecU. 279, 393. 

Pedigree of the families of Lunsford and Wilegh, 

4 ColL Top. et GeneaL 139. 

Wabbleton. — ^A letter from Mr. Mason about a ball of fire and 
explosion in Warbleton parish. See No. 462 PkiL Trans. 1741. 

See alBO Burwaah and BosehilL 

Brass of Dean William Prestwych, 1436. 

See Monumental Brakes by Rev. C. BouteUj 1849. 
Wilting. — Sermon preached at the Funeral of the Eev. John 

Hart, July 24, I7i^6, by Thomas Newlin, B.D. 1736. 

WiNCHELSBA. — See Buck^s Views. 1737. 

Genuine Memoirs of George and Joseph Weston under sentence 

of death with their trials at large. London^ 8vo. 1782. 

Tried for robbing the Bristol mjul, forgery, &c., and hung at Ty- 
burn, 3rd September, 1782. 
See also Sessions papers 1782, p. 463, Ac. ; annual register, p. 

206, &c. Gent: Mag., 1782, 353. Notes and Queries, vol x. 

(Ist ser.), p. 286, &c. 
History of Boroughs and Cinque Ports— Winchblska, vol. 3, pp. 

85 to 96 EcUtumHQ^. 

W. Castle described. 67 Gent: Ma^.y 9, with plate 1797. 

Brief notice of a private Seal of John, son of Robert Glinde, 

found at W., by Mr. John Wood. Arch. 11,/?. 430, 431. 
Letter to the Mayor and Jurats of the Town respecting the choice 

of officers in that Corporation in 1609. Arch. VoL 18, /?. 291, 

293. 
Historical and Topographical Sketch of Hastings, W., and Rye, 

by Fred. W. L. Stockdale, 29 engravings, 8vo, pp. 48 1817. 
Monument of Gervase Alard, Admiral of the Cinque Ports. 

Plate 6, Blore^s Monumental Remains. 
Domestic Chronicle of Thomas Godfrey, of W., M.P for New 

Romney, and father of Sir Edmund Berry Godfrey. 2 Topog. 

et GeneaL n 450 
History of W., one of the Ancient Towns added to the Cinque 

Ports, by W. Durrant Coopeb, F.S.A., 8vo, plates and cuts of 

armorial bearings, pp. 264 Landonj 1850. 

Some account of Domestic Architecture in England from Edward 

L to Richard 11., by J. H. Parker, 8vo, Oxford^ 1863. 

At p. 158 is a Plan of Winchelsesu 



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NOTES ON AMBERLEY, ITS CASTLE, CHURCH, 

ETC., 

BT TH B 

Rev. GEORGE ARTHUR CLARKSON, M.A,, 

VICAR. 




The Castle of Amberley, an appendage to the See of 
Chichester, is situated in a parish and manor of the same 
name. The latter (having privileges of Courts Baron and 
Leet, with view of Frankpledge), comprises the Tithings 
of Amberley, Cold-Waltham, and Ashfold, and runs into the 
parishes of Houghton, Cold-Waltham, Fittleworth, Wis- 
borough Green, and Rudgwick. The population of Amberley, 
including the Hamlet of Rackham, Recham, or Racomb, was 
according to the census of 1861, 650. Its estimated acre- 
age is 2,900. The Benefice is ecclesiastically designated the 
Vicarage of Amberley, with Houghton Chapel ; Houghton, 
however, being a parish per ae^ with a population put at 165. 

XVTI. 2 A 



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186 



NOTES ON AMBERLET. 




kChicKcstcr ^ 

Tundel 

1 1 ^fi 



Arnbei^rlcy 




*^rWlcKcnliolt 







io NeUum 



4.\\ 



Amberley/ otherwise Amberlegb, 
Aumberle, Ambrolega, lies about 5 
miles N. of Arundel^ its post town, 
and about 12 N.E. of Chichester. 
We read of it as a town ;' as a pleasant 
country village, but lying very low; 
as a long scattered street of mean build- 
ings; as a thoroughly secluded village, 
but one that should be visited by 
all who are in its neighbourhood; as 
a great thoroughfare from London to 
Arundel ; as distant from the Standard 
in Gomhill, 48 computed and bl\ 
measured miles, at a time when Tooting 
was Towting^ and Dorking was Dark- 
ing] and in 1861, as one of those 
picturesque old-world villages, which 
may still be found, beyond the influence 
of the railway navvy. In August, 
1863, it was brought more into com- 
munication with the outer world, by 
means of the railway, which runs 
through it, connecting the Mid-Sussex 
and the Soutii-Coast lines of the 
Brighton Company. Amberley Station 
is about 55 m. from London, and about 
1 m. from the Castle. 

To the south of the parish lie the 
South Downs, of which the escarp- 
ments of white and grey chalk, (in lime 
from which a brisk trade for agricultu- 
ral and building purposes is carried on,) 
with Amberley Mount, form noticeable 
features. It must have been along or 



1 The derivation does not appear clear. 
Amber, says Mr. M. A. Lower, is a very 
ancient Celtic word, and means a Dniid- 
ical stone.— ^fn^, amphora, a tub. — 
Could Amberley have acquired the name 
in anticipation of smuggling days, when 
illicit spirits were stowed away there ! 
The names of Ambersham, Ambergate, 



Amberstone, Ombersley, Amesbury, may 
afiord some clue to the vnde deritatur. 

* Vide Mag. Brit. ; Cent. Mag., L79S; 
Pen. Mag., 1844 ; Road from Lond. to 
Arund., by J. Ogilby, Esq., His M. 
Cosmographer, 1675 ; Warburton CoU* 
Brit. M. 886 ; Blaok*B Suss. 



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NOTES ON AMBERLET. 



187 



in proximity to the Mount, that Arthur Young's course lay, 
when, on his way from Findon to Arundel, he very for- 
tunately, as he narrates, lost his road on the Downs, and 
went round by Houghton Bridge — ^fortunately, from its 
leading him along the Down edge, with noble views over 
the wild. " The vhole scene glorious!'* 

On the west of the parish,* reminding us of Isaac Walton's 
Amerly Trout,* runs the river Arun, or, as it has been desig- 
nated, ^^ the High Stream in Arundel Rape, to difference it 
from all rills, currents, and streams therein, and in the other 
Rapes;" otherwise, " the Alta Ripa," and the '' Hault Rey, 
half Norman and half Saxon." 

The Castle (" the crumbling towers of Episcopal Amberley," 
to borrow Mr. Lower's words) and the nestling village stand 
upon a bed of sandstone, above the valley of the Arun, 
which disperses its tidal and upland waters on circum- 
jacent meadows and pastures. In this district, provincialized 
as the Brooks^ or Wild Brook^ were the Weald Brooks of 



' The Fanner*8 Tour through B. of 
Eng., Vol. a, Lond., 1771. 

* AUvrentr^from the Fish Tattle 
of the Water Bailiff, may add variety to 
the Trout served up ahove, and he of 
interest, with reference to the plan for 
mlmonizinff the Arun. The record tells 
of the Functionary himself, charged with 
the care of the lymitts of the stream and 
with the oversight of the Fishermen, in 
their several Bayliwicks; of the Stel- 
lidmes or Troute, the red spotted, hied 
in the North water-fall, the hlack spot- 
ted, in the gravel of the W. water ; of 
the Mullet, reputed as not coming up 
above Arundel, counted the best and 
fattest in England ; of the Curp from 
the Pitts and Ponds, issuing from the 
river, where he had birth and breeding; 
of the Jhfke, a ruffling, snarling Fish; of 
the Mea JBreafM,ihe healing Ihnch, the 
narrow Daeef the Qudgeon, the soaleless 
Minnow; of Ibwla; otMwant, their eggs, 
marks and cignettes; of meshes of 
netts, to be sixod according to the an- 
tient brass pin, sometime kept in Acuudel 
Castle ; of process from the Sheriff, 
Justices of Peace, and the High Court 
of Admiralty, to be made by the 
bailitf and his deputies ; of Pallingham, 
the Parson of Stopham*s, Qreasy, Wash- 
ingham, Ham, West, Burry, and Canter- 
bury WeareSyOf Steeple Bye in Amberley ; 



of draw-nett, seyne, and tremel, not to 
be used in the Fence month, either by 
the Earl of Arundel, (who may fish with 
a fore nett to it, in respect of the 
Castle and Honor of Arundel,) or the 
Bishop, in right of his Castle of 
Amberley, or the Prior of Hardharo, 
whose interest Sir Wm. Qoring hath. — ^A 
descrip. of the High Stream of Arund., 
transcribed from a Book commencing 
with the Bailieship of Lawrence Eliot, 
Esq., A.D., 1712. 

* The Amberley application of the 
word Brooks to the superficial area of 
grass, peat, &c., which is intersected 
by ditches, has a parallel elsewhere. 
**The Brooks are often only the marshy 
meadows themselves, which nourish and 
are watered by such streams, in which ; 
they answer to the old high German 
buroch, palut,** — (Kemble.) Kemble 
inclines to some connexion between 
Brook and hrackUh^ though he cannot 
trace it. See Mr. Lower's paper. Suss. 
Arch. Coll., vol. xv., p. 164. 

An illustration of the term WUd Brook 
is given in a note to that discursive work, 
the Polyolbion, which relates, 

** TheDoe the llgfht Mnse to th' Southward soarea^ 
The Sorrlan and SoaseJdan ahorea; 
The Foreata and the Downea sorraiea, 
With RiUeta miming to tboaa aeaa." 



2 A 2 



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188 



NOTES ON AMBEBLET. 



earlier days; the vast bog, north of Amberley Castle; tiie 
peat pits ; the skirts of the great wood Andredswald. Here, 
in the memory of the Amberley native, the pig of Amberley 
had pannage, roamed, and multiplied; here, it is likely, 
were some of the cherished spots forbidden to the goose ;^ 
here grew the sedge hassocks (nature's type, it may be, of the 
primitive Prie-DieUy the hassock of our churches); here 
grew the rush, which, peeled, greased, and 
grasped by the standard or pendent forceps, 
lighted the gude-woman at her spinning 
wheel, the farm-house dame and homding. 
Here thrived the raspberry and the cran- 
berry, the latter a fruitful source, about 50 
years ago, of cottage incomings ; as hovering 
here, the osprey is depicted;^ here, wind 
and water rocked the reed- warbler's nest; 
and here, still linger the snipe and the wild 
duck. 

Quaintly-worded, if not archaic," lists 
of plants tell of the Weald Brooks or their 
vicinage, (the Amberley district, perhaps, 
might not appropriate the whole Flora^) as 
the habitat of MsTsh St. Peter's Wort, Bugle 
with a red flower. Black-berried Heath, 
Crow, or Crake berries. Flea Grass, Hare's Tail Rush, Sweet 
Willow, Quicken Tree, Osmunda Kegalis, Marsh Violet. 
Mullen, with a yellow flower, is assigned to the wall of the 




"To this day, we call those woody 
landsi by iVMAthe Downes, the Weald : 
and the Channel of the Biver that cotm 
out of those parts, and discotinues the 
Downs about Brawher is yet known in 
Shorham Ferry, by the name of Weald- 

Amberley Bucolics would not enume- 
rate, among the melodies of mom, 
•* The wUd brook babbling down the mountain 

rid©.- 

BsATin'a SoomsB MiMViiUDU 

* Manorial articles provide that a 
custodian of animals and lands was to 
be chosen on the day of St. Mary Mag- 
dalene (July 22nd ; Wheatly on the B. 
of Common Prayer ;) at 1 p.m. Among 
other duties, he was to keep a dog to 
drive away the geese from the pastures, 
'' quarum excrementa et plume intoxi- 



cant animalia ad magnum tenendum 
incommodum.** The morticine animal 
(carrion) was to be duly reported, under 
a penally of four pence. — Chich. Episc. 
Beg., (P.) 100. 

Sas$ockf a reed or rush; a tuft of 
rushes or coarse grass. — Halliwell*8 Diet 

For the process of medicating the juncus 
conglomeratus, or common soft rush, see 
Whitens Selbome, Letter xxvi. He esti- 
mated that 54 hours of comfortable light, 
for a poor family, might be got for a 
farthing. — ^Aroh: Journal, YoL xiii^ p. 
198. 

Cranberries sold from a ahilHng to 
half-a-crown a qiuui. 

^ Knox's Omith. Rambles. 

• Vide Rev. J. Coxe*s Suss.; Googh's 
Camden. 



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NOTES ON AMBEBLET. 189 

Churchyard. The Bice plant, so called, we have known 
searched for in the Brooks. 

THE CASTLE. 

Without endorsing the position laid down in ^^ Excursions 
through Sussex/' that the Castle is the only remarkable 
object in the village, it well deserves attention. Let the 
reader, however, be prepared for something akin to building 
castles in the air, inasmuch as a distinguished architectural 
writer, Mr. Matthew H. Bloxam, has obligingly furnished us 
with the following remarks upon the ruins called Amberley 
Castle:— 

" The structure is not a Castle, though called so, in the proper sense of the term. 
It is one of those defensive mansions, of which we have a list of nearly 400, 
crenellated, embattled, and, to a certain degree, fortified under the Crown. Most of 
them are still existing in a habitable state, or in ruins. .... Many of these 
embattled mansions were, in after times, popularly denominated Castles, but they 
want many of the characteristics of the old castles.** 

The principal epochs in the history of the Castle are 
connected with its Origin^ Crenellation^ Decoration^ and 
Decadence. 

The Origin. — The history of Amberley dates from an early 
period, and is associated with the struggles and the fortunes of 
Ceadwalla, the son of a sub-king of the West Saxons. Cead- 
walla, after the strong and active measure of conquering iBthel- 
wealh or Edelwach, King of Sussex, was seized, to use the mild 
and passive language of the law,^ of this manor. He appears 
to have slain his antagonist, about a.d. 670. A disposition of 
8 cassates at [Amberley snd] Houghton was made to Wilfrith, 
Bishop of Selsey. Whether the king, influenced by the vow of 
a fourth part of the spoil to God's use, which was attributed 
to him, after devastating the Isle of Wight, compounded or 
not, for the retention of more fertile spots, by the surrender 
of the terra inculta^ the Ley of Amberley, the charter does 
not recite. The panegyric upon Amberley, as the garden of 
West Sussex, had not then been pronounced by the auctioneer ; 
and probably the hay of the North Mead (a locality which 
was early an object of manorial solicitude, )^^ was not culmi- 
nating towards £6 a ton. 

• See Iiappenherg*B Hist of Eng. under i« Reg. Chioh., (P.) 100. 
SaxoDs; Burrell MSB., 5687 ; Hayley*! 
Ad. H;iS., 6848 ; Kemble*s Charters. 



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190 NOTES ON AMBERLET. 

From an Anglo-Saxon Charter" of Bishop Brihthelm, in 
the second year of the reign of Eadwig, ruling the whole 
island of Albion, it is to l)e gatheredr that ^Ifiinus had 
infringed upon Ceadwalla's dispositions, contrary to the 
Decrees of the Nicene Council, and that recourse was had to 
the king, in order that restoration might be made. The 
appeal appears to have found favour, to have met with 
pleasant looks, and pleasant, not to say, poetic words. The to 
have and to hold was to be enjoyed, as long as the breath of 
life nourished the body of the Bishop. 

Taking an archsBological leap into Domesday, we learn 
that the Bishop held Ambrelie, having being assessed, in the 
reign of King Edward, and then at 24 hides; that there 
were, in demesne^ 2 carucates, 20 Villeins, 13 Borderers, 12 
ploughs, 30 acres of pasture, wood for pasture of 7 hogs; 
holding of the manor ^ William the Clerk, 2 hides ; (Eldred 
the Priest, 3 ; Baldwin, 2^ ; Radulphus, 2 hides, a virgate 
and a half; Theodoric, 3 hides; Hincale, 2; between them all, 
5 carucates in demesne, 17 Villeins and 25 Borderers, having 
5 carucates; that the whole manor, in the time of King 
Edward, was valued at £20, afterwards at £15 ; that what the 
Bishop held, was assessed at £10, and what others held of 
him, at £7. 

The Bishop was said to have assize of bread and provisions 
in the village of Aumberley. 

Coming down to Henry I," we find that Kalph, Bishop of 
Chichester, obtained a grant of free-warren in Amberley. 
The grant or restoration, which appears to have been made 
to him, of the ferry of Hotton or Houghton, must have been 
a concession of importance to a prelate desiring immunity 
from episcopal cares at the mother church, on his Amberley 
domain, or seeking its circumambient waters and the South 
Down ridge, interposed between himself and any opponent. 

The episcopate of Ealph Neville, who held the great seal 
in the reign of John, and in that of Henry III, was simul- 
taneously Chancellor of England and Chancellor of Ireland," 
has place in our local annals. It is recorded that he con- 
structed, de novo^ the chancel. The prior existence, not only 

i> Eembles Cbartse AnglosaxonicflB, ^* Fobs' Jadges, ii., p. 428. He died 
occclxiv., Brigthelm, 957. 1244. 

» Burrell HSS., 5687. 

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NOTES ON AMBERLEY. 191 

of a chancel, or a qiuisi chancel, but also the body of a 
chorch, follows, as a legitimate deduction from this docu- 
mentary proof. Structural evidence points to the same 
conclusion. From the correspondetice^^ of Simon de Seinliz, 
the steward of Ralph Neville, we get a glimpse at local 
agriculture, and at some of the mundane affairs of that high 
ecclesiastical and legal personage. The manor of Aldingbourne, 
nearer to Chichester, seems to have had the preference as the 
home farm, over Amberley, in its ultramontane and trans- 
Arundine severance; the latter, however, probably con- 
tributing towards the episcopal commissariat and exchequer. 
Bearing upon Amberley, are the operation of marling^^^ (a 
favourite one with the steward,) at Wateresfield, the windmill 
there, in working order, and a claim set up against the Bishop, 
{proprice avence communem habere^) on the part of William 
de AM Rip& and Dominus Hugh. A writ of disseisin as to 
a dyke, and, in behalf of the Bishop, the king's letters, were 
legal artillery, sought to be brought into action. William 
was probably a neighbour at Heringham, otherwise Hardham, 
or one of " that family of Knights, owners of much land in 
those parts, and of faire possessions, in the very bosom of the 
High Stream, from which," according to the water bailiff's 
account, ^^ they took their name and were called De Hault 
Key, which name remains to posterity to this day, being 
now called Dawtrey, and in Latin, de Alta Ripa." 

It would have been of interest, to have been able to 
substantiate the right of piscary, in the waters of Amberley, 
on behalf of certain favourites of Ralph Neville, when Dean 
of Lichfield, no less than a manage of otters. .Under 
pecuniary pressure, the sale of some of them appears to have 
been contemplated by R., Chaplain of the Old Temple, who 
informs the Dean, that, if all were sold, they would fetch six 
marks, while he could get only three marks and a half, for 
eight otters. '• 

i« RojbI and other Hist Lettera ill as- ftt Amberley, at so early a date as at 

trative of reign of Hen. III., edited by Aldingbourne. There, the destruction 

BeT. Walter Shirley. of them, called for a man and six dogs, 

t« Ad terminum marlsB, %.e, for 15 and assumed an importance in the eyes 

years ; Ducange. of Bishop Neville's Steward, above the 

>• Hist. Letters, u^ flcpm. investigationof a case of duality of wives, 

A'propoM of otters, are foxes, which, alleged against William Dens, of Mund- 

we do not notice to have been obnoxious ham, capellanus (a* dispensation, how- 



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192 



NOTES ON AMBERLET. 




Illustrative of the art of the 13th century 
is the seal of Thomas de Clympinge, Sacerdos, 
found in 1864, in a garden at Amberley, be- 

)' longing to the compiler of this paper. It is 
of bronze, and has a loop at one end — an 
arrangement, which might have enabled 
the priest to append it to his doublet, but 
not the most convenient for taking im- 
pressions. The Rev. Samuel Blois Turner, 
Rector of All Saints, Southelmham, who 
has a large collection of seals, writes — 

" Of its class I do not know that I erer saw a more beautiful little seal ; tlie 
design and execution are both very superior to the usual run of the seals of 
Ecclesiastics. The head is beautifully cut, and the filling up with little bits of 
tracery is admirable. When next you come into Suffolk, I can show you soTeral 
specimens of tonsured heads, and you will see that yours surpasses them all." 

Mr. M. A. Lower has a seal, so much resembling that of 
which an impress is depicted in the woodcut, that Mr. Robert 
Ready of the British Museum, the apt electrotypist and seal 
impressionist^ writes, that he has no doubt they were made 
by the same artist, and that he thought they were the same, 
till he found that one was the seal of Walter. ^'^ 

Historical notices point to Episcopal quarters at Amberley, 
more or less residential, at the close of the 13th century. 
Among these, is the record that Bishop Gilbert de Sancto 
Leofardo resorted from Amberley to Houghton Chapel, on 
Christmas eve, 1292, in order to receive the Earl of 
Arundel, who came from East Dean, that he might be ab- 
solved ^®. This was the consequence of some poaching or 
hunting transactions of the Earl, in Houghton Forest, and of 

WAXIER. On the following Thursday, 
calling on the late Rev. James Came^e, 
the respected Vicar of Seaford, that 
gentleman made him a present of a 
curious old seal, which he had possessed 
for many years, and which he had long in- 
tended to give him. On reaching home, 
Mr. Lower made an impression of it in 
wax, and to his great delight and as- 
tonishment read its legend. Sir bknk- 
DiCTio Domini supkb caput Waltkri: 
— **The blessing of the Lord be upon the 
head of Walter V'^Adnt amen, 

" Vide Royal Journeys, by W. H. 
Blaauw, Esq.: Suss. Coll., vol. ii. See 
also ante, p. 121. 



ever, from the Pope, being reported). In 
some heterogeneous accounts at Amber- 
ley, of the last century, we find a payment 
for five foxes, 128. 6a. Other items are — 
5 dozen sparrows, Is. 8d. ; the melisha ; 
the Clark*8 wagers; the proc[h]Iemation 
concerning the Distemper among y« 
Beest, Is. 6d. ; bred and wine for the 
year for the Sakerement, 10s. 4d. ; a 
Silver Communion Patten. £3 Is ; a 
Cofien for y« traveler man, 8s. 8d. 

>7 The following particulars from Mr. 
Lower, who has a remarkable regard for 
the seal above referred to, impart ad- 
ditional interest to our Paper. His 
youngest son was baptized on a certain 
Hunday in 1854, by the name of 



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NOTES ON AMBERLE7. 193 

his conduct towards the Bishop, when remonstrated with. 
Some twelve years earlier, contentions had arisen between the 
Gustos of Anindel and Bishop Stephen de Berkstead, in 
respect of the Chase of Houghton. It had been made the 
subject of litigation, and on a Quo Warranto^ it was ad* 
judged *^ at Chichester, (7th Edward I.) that the matter 
should stand over, the Earl of Arundel being a Minor. It 
seems probable that the young blood of this Earl brought 
about the conflict with Bishop Gilbert, to whom he suc- 
cumbed, a penitence of three days and a pilgrimage to St. 
Bichard being enjoined. The bold Bishop, thus manifesting 
the fortiter in re^ was, if correctly pourtrayed, not wanting 
in the milder graces, which belonged to a father of the father- 
less, a comforter of the widow, and a pious and humble 
visitor of the sick and bedridden in cottages. *° 

A roof-tree at Amberley would appear a probable accom- 
modation for him. The presumption of house and home 
receives confirmation from a record of the institution at 
Amberley by him of Magister Thomas de Cobeham, to the 
church of Butherfelda^ xri Calends of June, 1300, on the 
presentation of the Bishop of Bochester. ** 

Of interest, as to the question of residence and otherwise, 
is Walter de Gedding's return (compotus) of Stock of the 
Bishopric, vacant by the death of Bishop de St. Leofardo, 
1305, f33rd Edward I.) « 

Be-arranging the account, it stands ; 

In the manor of Aumbrele and Reckham, 2 horses, 24 
oxen, 20 cows ; of Aumbrele, 2 bulls. 

Our annals, by this time, indicate not only the manor but 
the manor-house, while architectural diagnosis suggests the 
agency of hands even of the Norman period. 

A prelate coming to the see of Chichester in 1305, John 
de Langton (the Ex-Chancellor of Edward 2nd),** is said 
to have had great skill in architecture, and to have displayed 
it in building an episcopal seat called Amberley.*^ It may 
be observed that the connexion between the Castle (as a part 

»» Barrel! MSS., 5687, 646. » Biahop's Temp : Boll 62. 

«• Westminster in Coxe*8 Sussex. •» Ld. Campbell's Chano., Vol. 1, 

" Bishop Praty's Beg. Chich , A.D. chap. xii. 

1433, or circa, quoting K. Henry^s writ ^ Winkle's Arch, and Pictur. Illust* 

for inquiring how many inductions there of Cathedrals, Vol. 2. 
had been into the Vicarage. 

XVII. 2 B 

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194 NOTES ON AMBERLET. 

of the temporalities of the See), and the Marble Chair was 
renewed in the person of Bishop Stratford, Lord Chancellor 
of Edward the Third. 

The trade of the district would be likely to receive an 
impetus, from the concession by the King (9th Edward IL), 
to the Bishop, of a Wednesday's market, and of a fair, on the 
Vigil, Day, and Morrow of St. Giles, Abbot, at Wateresfeld, 
which now forms a hamlet of Cold Waltham, one of the 
tithings of the manor, a reservation being made against 
injuring neighbouring markets and fairs. The act and deed 
of the king, when down at Lincoln, on behalf of his subjects, 
located in a kindred watery district of Sussex, is attested by 
the Bishops of Norwich, Wjnton, and Sarum, Adomar de 
Valence, Earl of Pembroke, Humfrey de Bohun, Earl of 
Hereford, Edmond, Earl of Arundell, John de Grey, John 
de St. John, John de Crum, the Seneschal, and others. 

In 1344, the Bishop complains of 'John Berry, Wm. 
Chapman and others, that they entered on his warren and 
chace at Amberley and other places, drove away the deer, and 
took and carried away his hares, rabbits, pheasants, and 
partridges. (Pat. 18th. Edward III.) 

The CreneUation. — Given a manorial residence at Amber- 
ley, it is required to make my house my casde. 

Such, it may be surmised, was the problem which William 
Bede, Fellow of Merton, reputed the best mathematician of 
his age, set himself, on coming to the bishopric. 

The movent power may have been a dread of ennuij on 
being severed from the common room of his college, especi- 
ally, if he had completed his short history, from the beginning 
of the world to his own time.** Add to this, the bishop may 
have desired to exercise that constructive faculty, which had 
developed itself in Merton Library, and to provide shelter 
from social aggression, as well as from the rain and 
the Sou-wester^ driving across Bury and Priest Combes 
and the Amberley Water, to do battle against the manor 
house. 

Common report assigns to the bishop an earlier step 
than crenellation. Thus Camden tells of him, in the reign 
of Edward III., building a castle for his successors. The 

•• Hayley, p. 94. 

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NOTES ON AMBERLET. 195 

Chronicle of some of the bishops, from Stigand to Riohard 
Mountague records : — 

" William Bede, S. T. P., Hio dioitar castram do Amburley ft fundamentb 
erexiaae ; doctiMimaa erat isto pater in ihoologia and in liberalibaa loiontiis 
univenis.** 

Leland and Dugdale state that he built the Castle, which 
is described in Grodwin, as '* operia egregiiJ^ Britton tells of 
his beginning in 1379, and being at work, ten years. Dalla- 
way joins persons and places, whom, a priori^ we should not 
expect to see associated ; he speaks of bishop Bede and William 
of Wykeham, as haying similar skill in architecture, and dis- 
playing it, a striking coincidence, in buildings of a military 
description at Windsor and Amberley. Rebuilt is the word 
made use of by the Water Bailiff, who gossips about the in- 
habitants of the stream and of its banks. A conclusion 
of the following kind appears not unreasonable, that, while 
other pi-elates were pioneers in the work, making their essays 
in domestic architecture, whether Norman, Transitional, or 
Early English, it was reserved for Bishop Rede, to throw 
around the fabric which he found, the segis of his proven 
architectonic resources, and to apply them in a conserrative or 
destructive direction, on works for purposes of defence or re- 
sidence, in the way of extension or alteration, as necessity 
and taste might dictate, and circumstances allow. To his 
ability in the masonic craft, let the stones, which he piled 
up so stoutly and so skilfully, testify ; 

'* Si monomeDtum qiuBris, oireumspioe.**^ 

A license to the Bishop, issues from the King at West- 
minster, by writ of Privy Seal, to strengthen and crenellate 
his manor {maneriunC) with a wall of stone and lime. (1 or 2 
Kichard 11.) 

Ifarchffiological canonization were an orthodox proceeding, it 
would be a graceful tribute from a grateful posterity, to ele- 
vate Bishop Rede to this honour, in consideration of his 
eminent services to the cause of constructive^ as distinguished 
from demonstrative archaeology, furnishing as he did, the 
mattriel^ the record, and the fabric, which the flux of time 
has rendered archaic. 

His business-like habits, tending toward antiquarian re- 

2 B S 

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196 NOTES ON AMBERLET. 

suits, are evinced in his scheme for recording the temporalities 
of his see ; the record, taken from old copies and evidences, 
was to be handed down to his successors by executors or 
secretaries. Compliance with his injunctions was enforced 
by the prospect of happiness in this life and in the next, 
while a most unseemly imprecation escaped the Bishop, 
against those who should order differently, Oeadwallu s first 
charter of the foundation of the church of Selsey being quoted 
as a precedent tor the hypothetic wrath. ^ 

The Bishop's will dated 1382, about three years before his 
death, exhibits him under a milder aspect, and is of con- 
siderable interest, in its local, legal, and personal bearings. 

Illustrative of Amberley proper or manorially, is the fol- 
lowing extract : — 

''Likewise, Heave, OQ behalf of works of stone and wood in the manore of 
Axnberle and AldynKborne, begun and arranged by me, fifty marks, on condi- 
tion that my successor, the Bishop of Chichester, who for the time shall be doing 
this work, shall freely permit my executors to have my stones at Lyddesgate and 
Amberle, sand (zabulvm) at Swalweclyfe, to dig chalk iealcem)^ and to bum it, with 
the Bishop's wood in the chaoe of Houghton and Scaffeld; also to have sufficient 
for the same work in the aforesaid chaoe, together with the bishop^s barges of the 
Huche, (hargijt EpUcopi de la Hneke) for all the carriage of the foregoing, as often 
as there'be need, and also sufficient timber (jnereminm) at Drugge Wyke, Pubhurst, 
and Pocokes wood, for every work of wood appointed in the aforesaid manors ; and 
I wish that the aforesaid money should be expended about the works by my executors, 
or those whom they wish. 

Although his will might be of sufficient diocesan interest for 
insertion in extenso^ we content ourselves with reference to the 
provision for his interment before [plane coram) the high altar, 
in the chancel of the Blessed Trinity at Seleseye; to his kindly 
concern for collegiate bodies and college friends ; for Nicholas 
Sandwich, the guide of his youth; for the fabric of the 
cathedral, evidenced by a bequest of 50 marks; for his 
patrons. Pope Urban and Archbishop Tster; for one hundred 
ministers in his diocese, of good character ; for the Church 
of Amberle and the Chapel of Hoghton, giving one cup (1 
calk) to each ; for the tenants of Amberle, cum memhris suis^ 
x"; for the inmates of hospitals; for John Attewode his 
carectar', XX*; and for William "camerario meo," c*.^ 

As we read of money bequeathed to colleges, in order 
that the books, also given, might be firmly chained in the 

^ Episc : Reg : (P.) the Camera, which, a late Librarian of 

*> Lamlieth Lib. Courtenay, 218. This Merton writes he erected in, he thinks, 
official, possibly, had been in charge of 1376. 



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NOTES ON AMBERLEV. 197 

libraries, a wish may come across us, that, by a less cum- 
brous clue, volumes, absent from our own shelves, might be 
tracked. 

The will is curiously interspersed with testamentary dis- 
positions, a profuse scattering of books, cups, money, and with 
narrative. It is begun on the first of August, the Bishop, it 
seems, dictating a number of bequests. Then, said the vener- 
able father, " let us wait till to-morrow, and meet [omio] in 
this place, that we may go on with the will." The morrow 
comes, the will advances, and the Bishop halts again ; ^^ tedet 
enim me istius laboris.^^ The document attains completion 
on the 3rd of August. 

The Register of Robert Read, translated from the See of 
Carlisle to that of Chichester, while illustrating our annals, 
throws light upon the office and work of a Bishop in those 
times, and upon matters of general historic interest. From 
1396 to 1415, he appears, says Dallaway, to have been at 
least annually resident. His manor {manerium) of Aumberle 
or Amble, was a favourite dating point with the Bishop. 
In a letter ^^pro obedientid proestanday^ dated there, Feb. 
10, 1396, in the first year of his translation, adopting the 
style *'by divine permission/' he directs his chosen sons "to 
summon those with and without cure of souls, on the 
Thursday immediately following the Sunday, when the 
office ^^ Misericordias Domini^^' &c., is used (cantoftir), then 
to render him canonical obedience, to hear the apostolic 
letters read, &c. A disciplinary document, it may be, to 
meet the case of recalcitrant clerks, was a commission 
" ad exigendam obedientiam." 

On the 9th of April, 1398, in the chapel of the Lord of 
Aumb'le, Domina Alicia Seynte Johan d'na de Begeuct 
made a vow of chastity and profession, under this form of 
words : — 

'*Ego [A] promitto Btabilitatem et conversationem monim atque castitatem 
servaturam Omnipotenti Deo, beatse Maris, et omnibus Sanctis, ac ttbi domino Epo 
usque ad mortem.'* 

This lady may have been domiciled at Hardham, with 
which the St. John family had been connected. One of 
the same name is enjoined by Bishop Story, on his Visitation 
of Busper Priory in 1478, to make amends for breaking 

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198 KOTES ON AMBBRLET. 

the rule of silence, ^^by saying seven psalters of oht 
Lady.''" 

A less exciting ceremonial than the vow of the novice, 
would probably be the admission of Thomas Squyer, chaplain 
to the parish church of Bignor {Bygenenere), which had 
become vacant by the resignation of William Combere, the 
last rector, owing to the weakness and old age of his body. 
The Bishop assigned him eight marks sterling, out of the 
fruits of the said church, that he might not be compelled ' 
to beg, on account of want of victuals and aliment, to the 
disgrace of the clergy, as he had nothing else to live upon. 

In 1399, an alarm of invasion having reached the royal 
ear, its undulations were propagated in this neighbourhood. 
Henry IV being stirred at Westminster, by tidings of armed 
men congregating upon the sea, to invade the coast, to des* 
troy himself, his realm and people, and to subvert the church 
of England, calls upon certain faithful men, to arm those who 
were defensible, according to their station and wealth. The 
bishop accordingly issues a commission from Amberley. 
William White, master of the college at Arundel, and 
William Allen, rector of Stoughton, are named, and the 
abbots and other ecclesiastical persons, within the deaneries of 
Arundel and Stoughton, are to be arrayed and armed. Time 
and place were to be appointed, and the force was to be 
counted off in thousands, hundreds, and twenties, so as to be 
ready to set out — to give a Sussex rendering — ant/ when. 

Other instruments dated at Amberley, are a commission 
for a metropolitan visitation, in obedience to Thomas, by 
divine grace, Archbishop of Canterbury and of all England, 
and legate of the apostolic see; a commissio penitentiarii^ 
to friar Henry Halle, of the order of preachers at Chichester, 
to hear confessions of all ^^our subjects;" a mandate as to 
going to parliament; an admonition for making solemn pro- 
cessions, and a document concerning a visitation in the 
chapter house of Boxgrove Priory. In 1400, the Bishop 
addressed his beloved son. Master Robert Neale, his fellow 
brother in the church of Chichester. Confiding in his cir- 
cumspect industry, he authorized him to proceed in certain 

•• Notices of the Benedictine Priory at Rusper, !iy Albert Way, Esq., M.A.. 
Subs. Coll., Vol. r. 

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NOTES ON AMBBRLET. 199 

matters, also concerning the crimes and excesses of some of 
his subjects, lay as well as clerical, and to correct and punish 
them. Elsewhere, he alludes to the doctrine of the sacred 
canons, admonishing us to bring back ^^ our" flock into the way 
of peace, and, by visitations, to look into their manners and 
acts, to apply remedies and to reform them, a visitation of 
the college of Arundel being referred to. The union of 
church and state is illustrated in the following : — 

1410. 
Hd q d'ns vloesimo tereio die mensis Deoembr* anno d*ni supra aoHpto in man'io 
de AiimbUe serlpat dn*o Regi p *capide oorpU [s] Joh'nis Petere de Nova Sohorham 
exco*icati. 

One Easter Eve, we find the Bishop, now designated by the 
grace of God, ordaining in capelld manerii sui; SubdeacoUj 
Thomas Wyttington, Acolyte, Lincoln dioc, with a title 
from the prior and convent of Calceto; Deacons^ Walter 
Kade, Exeter dioc., Walter LuUam, with a title from P. and 
C. of Heryngham; Priest^ Stephen Overton, Rector of 
Clayton, ad tit bene/, sui; Brothers, John Pedyth, Richard 
Smith, of the convent of Preachers of Arundel. Magister 
Stephen Overton gets a licence, ^^ De non residendo per 
annum'^ 

By his will, dated Aug. 1414, proved July 1415, the 
Bishop leaves the Vicar, John Fowle, 40s., to pray for his 
soul, and bequeaths 20s. for the high altar at Amberley.'^* 

In the 15th century, the Bishop had his prison " infra 
manerium suum de Amberley,^' a certain William Fretton, 
of Combe, clerk, convicted of felony, being committed there 
May 16, [1415], John Ghyltyng being the Custos. By the 
escape of the prisoner, the Bishop incurred a penalty of 100 
marks, which tiiie King bestows upon John Upton, Walter 
Thomdon, and John Attibrigg.*® 

In 1447, (Chart. 25th.26th Henry VL,) additional 
defences for the Castle were authorised. Power was given 
to enclose 2000 acres of wood, &c., in Amberley and the 
neighbourhood, and to make a park of them ; also to 
crenellate, turret, embattle, and machicolate Amberley and 
other manors of the Bishop. 

» Lambeth PaL Lib. Chicheley, fol. *^ Pat. 2, Hen. V., p. 1, m. 19.^Per 
967. Hr. Holdttook, tranioriber. 

On T 
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200 NOTES ON AMBERLEY. 

The running up of the sea to Amberley is a matter of local 
interest. A return of John Woode, as to the temporalities, 
after the death of Bishop Arundel, in the reign of Edward 
lY.f throws some light upon tidal phcenomena. It appears 
that no part of the rent of £4 a year, for the farm of the 
Piscary of the water of Amberley, was forthcoming to the 
Keceiver, from William Page, in consequence of the exces- 
sive overflowing of the sea, (eo (f aqua maris excessiva nimis 
influens Hdam aup^fiuxit) This claim admitted, it is not 
matter of surprise that William and Thomas Pratte got off 
their rent for the fishery between le Hoo and the passage of 
Maleford. It is an ill wave that brings no one either flotzam 
or jetsam. So, perchance, thought John Pykford, the car- 
penter, with his two shillings, employed to repair the port of 
Houghton, shattered (confracf) by the heavy inundation. 
(Temporalities Ep. Cic ; extract from Carlton Ride.) 

Amberley occurs in the will of Bishop Story, (dated 1502, 
proved 1503,) wherein he leaves to William Mylborne and 
Thomas Moyses, each described as his famulus^ messu- 
ages there, bought of John Page and William Pays, 
respectively, the reversion, being left to his successors, on 
behalf of his grammar-school at Chichester, founded by him. 
An annuity of £1 6s. 8d., out of the rents and profits, is pro- 
vided for the Bishops, " ut sint faventes et benevoli schok 
mee^ He bequeaths to the parish churches of Aldingborne, 
Amberley, and Houghton, three sacerdotal vestments, one to 
each, to be of the value of twenty shillings ; to Roger Lew- 
kenor, Esq., a standing cup of silver gilt, with a cover, and 
to Eobert Wighting, 100s., when he shall marry one of the 
daughters of Roger Lewkenor. He leaves property at 
Amberley to John Story, *'*'servienii meo^^^ the reversion, to 
the mayor and burgesses of Chichester for the repair of the 
new Cross. 

The Decoration. — It is not, we hope, disparaging to 
preceding Prelates, to connect the decorative period of the 
Castle with the name of Robert Sherburne, Foundation 
Boy at Winchester College, (puer incorporatus ac grama- 
tick doctus^) Oxonian, Secretary to the University, and to 
Henry VII., Archdeacon of Huntingdon, Prebendary and 
Dean of St. Paul's, Master of St. Cross, Ambassador 

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NOTES ON AMBERLBY. 201 

to the Roman Court, Bishop of St. David's; Bishop of 
Chichester from 1508, to his retirement, (shortly before 
his death, which took place in 1536,) on a pension of 
£400 a-year. From Epistles** of this '* humble and unworthy 
minister of the Church of England/' to his successors and to 
the reader, and from other reliquioe^ we get an insight into 
his intentions, deeds, and aspirations, into his procedure in 
freeing the Cathedral from its ancient squalor and from cus- 
toms, most reprehensible, {damnosissimis) into his expenditure 
on Amberley and other manors, into his scholastic and ecclesi- 
astical endowments, into his care for barns, windmills and 
watermills. We find him quoting Cicero and Ovid, making 
a catalogue of jewels and ornaments, given to the Cathedral, 
with reference to £ s. d., le unc and the j/erde. We read of the 
golden mitre, with perles, (some "lakynge,") and precious 
stones; the goodly monster, curiously wrought and gilt; the 
pallefor the herse, of black velvet, with 4 scochions of "my 
lords armys," and ^^ Operibus credite;^' the masse boke; 2 
towelles for to wipe the priestis handes with, valued at lOd. ; 
2 copes of red sarcenet, with the orfres of crymson velvet, 
£5 ; 2 vestments of satin of briggis, the one redde and 
the other blewe, with orfrais of redde and grene; the 
book of regulations, to be deposited under the episcopal 
seat, for reference in cases of necessity ; and the condiment of 
milk, saffron, and eggs, for the delectation, or otherwise, of 
the choristers, one of whom was to sound the ^^ requiescant 
in pace," in behalf of the Lord Robert, their benefactor, 
and of the faithful departed. 

Among the objects which bear the impress of the Bishop's 
taste, is the Queen's Room, in Amberley Castle. An amateur 
sketch, taken about 20 years ago, will convey some idea of the 
general contour of this once stately apartment, now shorn of its 
original proportions, by the conversion of its eastern extrem- 
ity into a bedroom, with its rude timbers, its bare tiling, 
its shreds of paper-hangings, its obliterated decorations, its 
gloomy ensemble^ as becomes a "chamber of horrors." For 
may it not claim this distinction as the abode of some Ladies, 
whose release in November, 1864, from a confinement of 
many years, caused considerable sensation in archeological 



» (Minationes Domini Roberii IV. Reg. Chioh. 

XVII. 2 c 



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202 



NOTES ON AMBERLEY. 



circles in London? The kind acquiescence of their Episcopal 
Lord, in a proposal that they should visit the metropolis, on 
a guarantee from the compiler, as to their return in or before 
the following March, and the courtesies of Mr. Albert Way, 
in whose knowledge and judgment the Bishop had entire 
confidence, are entitled to special acknowledgment. Under 
such auspices, the favoured party, three in number, were 
welcomed to tiie saloons of the Archaeological Institution of 
Great Britain and Ireland, and of the Society of Antiquaries 
of London. Their photographs were exhibited at a meeting 
of the British Archssological Association. Professional aid was 
accorded them, in their fragile and haggard condition; cos- 
metic appliances were suggested, and, in their behalf, desti- 
tute as they were of pecuniary resources, the Society of 
Antiquaries, considerately and handsomely came forward 




THS queen's boom, AMBIILIT CA8TLB 

with a grant of £5. For his good offices, thanks are due to 
Mr. Scharf, F.S. A., Secretary of the National Portrait Com- 
mission; ^^the most skilful and perfectly trustworthy person, 
I know," writes a recognised authority. In short, the ladies 
might have been said to have fallen on their feet, if feet they 
had happened to have. If some disparaging and flippant re- 
marks were heard, some allusion to the coroner's inquest and 



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NOTES ON AMBBBLET. 208 

the experimmtum in corpore vUi, what a sight for Bishop Sher- 
borne, their patron of old, if he conld have witnessed a distin- 
guished Archaeologist doing homage, upon the floor, in Burling- 
ton Gardens, that he might better unravel the mysteries which 
pertained to tiie heroine, who, by her trappings, brought to 
mind the lady, with rings on her fingers, and bells on her 
toes, to these Queens, Sibyls, Amazons, Worthies, what not! 
Could he have had prevision of the notices of the Press* and 
of the attention paid his prot^ees, would he not have been 
cheered with the hope, that they, in conjunction with one of 
his mottoes, previously quoted, " Operihus credited* were 
fulfilling a mission, to keep him and his deeds in remem- 
brance ! 

It is time to disabuse the reader, as to these Ladies, and to 
introduce them, as the creation of the painter, in the shape 
of three female figures, painted on wooden panels, about 3 by 
2i feet. " The present tablets," writes Mr. Henry Merritt, 
of 24, Langham Street, November, 1864, to Mr. Scharf, 
^^are comparatively modem. Beneath are inscriptions, in 
German text, (black letters on a white ground) which I could 
recover with sufficient distinctness, to enable them to be read. 
* * I believe that the pictures are painted in oil on a 
tempera ground. The ground is easily dissolved by water; 
the flesh colours not so easily." Mr. Merritt recommends 
^^ that the panels, which are parted at the joints, be merely 
braced together by plain frames of oak, without any attempt 
being made to glue the joints. Portions of the wood, which 
are mast worm-eaten, might be hardened by being sized with 
thin glue. I would also recommend that the surfaces of the 
pictures be covered with clear thin parchment size. This 
would harden the colours and particularly harden the 
ground, which is now little better than a powder. With 
respect to other portions of the panels which are entirely 
denuded of colour, I would, if desired to do so, restore them 
without covering any portion of the original remains.' '' 

In addition to the London visitants, are five of a similar 
character, with the fragment of a sixth, not to say of a 

» Vide Notes and Queries, A thenKtini, Photographs of 5 of the Heads, of Castle 
Oeiit1eniaii*8 Magazine, Builder, Juumai and Church, may he procured of Mr. E. 
of Brit Arch. Assuo. for Dec. 1864, Ice. Fox, Market Street, Brighton. 

2c2 

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204 NOTES ON AMBERLET. 

seventh. In the year 1840, there were, as far as we re- 
collect, only three entire paintings of this series, the 
number indicated in the wood-cut, as upon the nortli 
wall of the Queen's Room. The British Traveller, 1819, 
mentions an apartment containing the portraits of ten 
kings and their queens, and the portraiture, in wood, of six 
warriors. The Beauties of England veiex^ to the portraits 
of 10 ancient monarchs and their queens, with their coats 
properly blazoned, and gives the ceiling, as the site of the 
portraits of six warriors, carved in wood. 

The discovery and restitution of some of the missing paint- 
ings, we associate with the archnological accidents of pran- 
dial things, pertaining to our Society's meeting at Arundel 
in 1849, with a rencontre^ on that occasion, with the Rev. 
Leveson Vernon Harcourt and the Hon. Mrs. Vernon Har- 
court, who found themselves the unconscious holders of some 
of the group. It required no service of habeas corpus^ in 
order to rescue the panels from an ignominious resting place 
on the premises of West Dean House, near Chichester, and 
to procure their restoration to the Castle. 

The archaeological haze that has hung about these paint- 
ings has not prevented a halo of interest attaching to them. 
The following may assist in the determination of the pictorial 
and archasological Elements : the Subject, Painter, Date, Art 

As regards the Subject^ Mr. William Rhoades, of Chich- 
ester, some of whose family occupied the Castle, writes in 
January 1851, to Mrs. V. Harcourt, that he "recollects 
Mr. Dallaway, when on a visit for a few days at Amberley 
Castle, was much struck with these porti-aits, and in his 
county history he describes them as a series of female portraits, 
with escocheons, supposed to be descriptive of Flemish 
Provinces." 

A learned correspondent, writing previously to the three 
paintings going to London, observes: ^^ My impression is that 
the personages are in part Sibyls, who constantly figure 
among the decorations of the period, for instance, in the 
Sistine Chapel at Rome. • • It appeared probable, however, 
that some of the figures were impersonations of certain 
foreign cities, and this ought to be ascertained by the coats 
of arms." 

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Digiti^eM,t)i/. •V.P'.M.Uy \X^. 



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NOTES ON AMBERLEY. 205 

Another theory has been ably elaborated by Mr. Planch^.'* 
His proposition is that the eight figures, with the fragmen- 
tary 9th, were intended by the artist to represent, not the 
Nine Worthies, as made up of men — three good Jews, three 
good Heathens, and three good Christians, but the nine worthy 
women. 

Through the courtesy of the British Archseological Associa- 
tion, who allow our Society the use of the lithograph, the 
present paper is enriched by the heraldic illustrations accom- 
panying Mr. Flanch^'s essay. 

We avail ourselves of extracts from that document, 
denoting each of the heads by the number assigned by 
Mr. Planch^ to the corresponding shield or heraldic device. 
(1), (3), and (4) are those which were sent to the Arch. 
Inst, in 1864. 

1. Cassandra embellishes this paper, reproduced with the 
gorgeousness of chromo-lithography. " A lady in full armour, 
with a magnificent helmet, bears on her shield (fig. 1) gvles^ 
three female heads proper, within a bordure Or^semee of human 
hearts. Now Lampedo, queen of the Amazons, is said to 
have borne Sahle^ three queen's heads Or 'within a border of 
the same^ which would be bad heraldry, or at any rate 
incorrect blazon ; and the painter might have improved on 
his authority." 

The inscription, 

CASSANDRA POST DATA VATICIKIA 
APOLUNIS DSBI8IT ADULTEBLA, 

may explain the indignant, or derisive look of an honest 
woman. The letters R. S. on the panels, tell of Bishop 
Sherborne. Pertaining to the Queen's Room, the Rev. 
E. Stansfield describes, the head of a doorway in carved 
wood, with perpendicular foliage in the spandrils, and the 
initials R. /S., and a stone mantel-piece of the same period 
apparently, with carved foliage and a rose in each spandril. 
The R. S. are not in situ. On the panelling forming the 
side of the innovating bedchamber there are some large 
characters, perhaps a portion of the inscription : 

SOLI HONOR DEO ET QL*IA 

*«TheNiiieWorthie8of the World, in ley Castle. 67 J. R. Planch^, Eitq., 
illustration of the Paiotings in Amher- Rouge Croix, Hon. Sec. Brit. Arch. Assoc. 

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206 NOTES ON ABCBBBLET. 

upon the 2 fruntes of cloth of gold, which the Bishop described, 
with borders of purpul velvet with our arms, and "this 
writing, in golden letters/' in the catalogue of ornaments, be- 
fore referred to, 

2. The Babylon. — "A lady crowned, and holding a 
sceptre, carries no shield ; but in the spandrils in the upper 
angles of the frame are two escutcheons (fig. 2), displaying 
each ten hawks' bells (grelots) within a bordure of ladies' 
heads. Referring to Mr. Gordon Hills having made out 
the word Babylon^ Mr. Planch^ observes : " It is, therefore, 
possible that this figure may be meant for the great Semiramis, 
queen of Babylon, whom tiie painter has included in his series, 
and to whom he has assigned, not the dove Argent^ according 
to Feme and Favine, but arms resembling those invented for 
Penthesilea." A conjectural reading of the last word in 
the 2nd line, is Septentrion. 

3 The Thomyris^ alias Tomeris. — " The third photo- 
graphed figure has a shield (fig. 3), on which are the three 
queens' heads only ; and we are told that Antiope bore those 
arms, that is, tiie fiill arms of the first part of Lampedo." 
These two ladies, as well as Thomyris, were included among 
a supplementary nine, whom the poets term women-warriors, 
by tilie name of Amazons,** The legend, if giving Thomyris, 
will override any antagonistic claim. 

RIRUS THE NOBLE KTNOE [OF PBRST] 
8UBMITT£[d] HTMSEL[f] TO TH[AM0BIS MBBCT] 

This supercilious lady, with downcast look, and two 
fingers extended on the border of the legend, appears pour- 
trayed in a phase of triumph, whether amatory or martial, 
over Cyrus, an aspect of sadness being commingled. The 
painting calls to mind the widowed queen of the Massagetas, 
rejecting the traditional mercenary hand, which, ofiering not 
a heart, would grasp her kingdom ; the mother, maddened 
by the slaughter of her son, wreaking, in intent or retrospect, 
a foul and sanguinary and let us hope a mythic vengeance 
on the lifeless body of Cyrus, her vanquished antagonist 

4. The Sinope^ and 5 The Helmet. — The Sinope bears a 
sword and shield ; she is said to have been beloved by Apollo. 

*« Vide Mr. Plaochc's Paper, and Le Theatre d'Hpnneur et de la Gheyalerie, 
par Andree Favyn, Paria, 1620, p. 1C8». 



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NOTES ON AMBEBLET. 207 

^^ The other two ladies (fig. 4 and 5), have on their shields 
lions rampant ; one bearing her lion in a field Or, between 
three haman hearts/' The inscription of the Sinope^ look- 
ing, at the first blush, especially defiant of Lindley Murray, 
heralds, probably, her praises; 

THB EXCELLENT QWENE SINOP IB TO MAONITT 
WHICH RULED THB HOLE OOUNTBB OF ENNAT. 

Her shield is that without the hearts. 

6. The Three Arm Chairs. — This figure is referred to 
as ^^ bearing the remarkable coat of three arm chairs (fig. 6), 
which Favine gives as the arms of Minthia. . . . One is 
described in armour, but not crowned, holding three large 
quills or pens in her right hand, a sword erect in the left; on 
her shield (fig 6) she bears, Gtdes^ three arm chairs Or. . . 
Here (reading Azure for Gtdes) is the coat given to a lady 
Minthia in Favine.'' Mr. Planch^ suspects Minthia may 
come from Mirina^ an Amazon. May not the pens be 
arrows? 

7. The Blue Lion. — " The next figure is not in armour, but 
is richly attired, and holds a bow and arrow in her left hand. 
On her shield are the identical arms given in Favine's list to 
Hippolita, the famous queen of the Amazons, and wife of 
Theseus, viz.. Or, a lion Azure^ armed and langued Chiles^ 
holding in his fore paws a small shield Gules^ charged with 
the three female heads so often mentioned as the arms of 
Lampedo and Antiope (fig. 7)." She holds what appears 
to be a mace or sceptre in her right hand, in which the arrow 
is perhaps also held. 

8. The Billets. — This ** is a figure in armour, crowned, 
holding a spear in one hand, and a sword in the other, point 
downwards. Her shield (fig. 8) is divided per pale ; the 
dexter half Gvlee^ the three ladies' heads as before ; the 
sinister Azure^ twelve billets Or." 

9. The Ermine Cuff. — *' The fragment of the ninth panel 
presents us only with a hand holding a sword erect. . • It is 
satisfactory to know that there were nine of these paintings 
at any rate, let the illustrious personages they were intended 
to represent be whom they may. . . It is possible that 
enough may yet be deciphered of the inscriptions beneath 

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208 NOTES ON AMBERLET. 

these curious paintings to enable us to make out a fresh list 
of nine female worthies." Mr. Planch^ had previously 
remarked; *Hhat these pictures, therefore, were intended to 
represent the nine Worthy Ladies, principally queens of the 
Amazons, according to the lists we find in Fa vine; but with 
some variations suggested by the fancy of the artist, or in 
compliance with the directions of his employer, there cannot 
be the least doubt." 

One hypothesis connected the paintings with the daughters 
of Priam; Cassandra, however, being the only one iden- 
tified. 

We are reminded of Ate's mischief-making by the in- 
troduction of a hero, with the unclassical sobriquet of 
an old butler^ with a foaming tankard of ale in his 
hand, supposed to have been represented among the old 
portraits in the Queen's Room. A brother of Mr. W. 
Khoades recollected to have heard, that one of them was 
taken away, and that the poor old Butler was afterwards 
degraded, by his effigy being converted into a sign board at 
some public house. — Was his beverage the juice of the apple 
of discord, or Samson^ a compound of the juice of apple and 
of pear, quaffed to the discomfiture of the Nine Worthy 
Women, and of all worthy Archseologists? Was the old 
butler a veritable Bacchus? A village tradition, to the 
effect that some drinking figure had his quarters in a room 
upon the ground floor, designated the hall, may help us out 
of the difficulty of the old Butler's presence up stairs, in the 
Queen's Room. 

^^ In good and in safe hands, and I know only one compe- 
tent person to do it," writes Mr. Albert Way, Oct. 1864, 
" these very curious works of art might be so far set to rights 
as to tell their story, and be preserved from further damage." 
Three of the inscriptions (1.) (3.) and (4.) are now sufficiently 
developed to throw light upon the heroines and to give 
additional interest to them. The successful treatment of the 
inscriptions (though some portion was legible, before going 
into Mr. Merritt*s studio), enables me to adopt the words 
of Mr. Way {experto credos^) who bears testimony to his 
excellence for restoring panel pictures and to his trustworthi- 
ness. Mr. Way has suggested careful refreshment and 

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NOTES ON AMBKRLEY. 209 

transference to a place of permanent security in the Bishop's 
Palace. 

Mr. Way writes, Feb. 1865 : 

It were very maoh to be desired that a proper conservative restoration conid be 
effected, not only of the threes but of the whole of this curious series. All that I 
could desire to see done, or should feel justified in asking the Bishop to permit, would 
involve an expense of £50 for the nine. . . . There ought to be no difficulty in 
obtaining the amount requisite for the proper preservatioD of so remarkable a series 
of early specimens of art, associated as they are with Sussex, not merely from being 
found in the county, but from their connexion with the Bernardi, whoever he was, 
who certainly exercised considerable influence in regard to the Arts in Sussex. . . 
I cannot undertake to advocate the matter, much as I feel interested in it; all I 
could undertake, were to take care that, if done, I would make some arrangement 
with Mr. Merritt what should be done, that is, a proper restoration, as I understand 
the expression in ito conservative sense— not to make bright bran new pictures, but 
in the best manner to preserve what has escaped the injuries of time and neglect. 

The restoration of the Queen's Boom, is a suggestion from 
another quarter. 

(b.) As regards the Painter^ we read in Dallaway : ** a 
very curious room is still preserved, with a carved ceiling of 
wainscot oak, and entirely painted by Theodore Bernardi, 
who is stated as having been patronised by Bishop Sherburn, 
in the south transept of Chichester Cathedral, about 1519/* 

He speaks of Bernardi as a Flemish artist, who came to 
England, accompanied by his sons, and from some extracts 
from the Register of All Saints, Chichester (^rhich do not 
appear altogether accurate,^ he inclines to the tradition 
reported in Lord Orford s Anecdotes of Painting, that 
Theodore, who painted the pictures in the Cathedral, esta- 
blished himself in Chichester and left several descendants. 

Mr. Rhoades, before quoted, writes, Jan. 1851, to the Rev. 
L. Vernon Harcourt : " they are at all events genuine speci- 
mens (and perhaps scarce ones,) of Bemardi's pencil, those in 
the South Transept of the Cathedral being no longer genuine, 
having been, as Dallaway states and as is self-evident, re- 
painted." Vertue, in "A Tour from London, June 1, 1747, at 
the request of his Grace the Duke of Richmond/' says, he 
went to the Cathedral to view the old paintings in the Church 
lately repaired, of the Bishops and Kings, and the 2 tables 
representing the founder and benefactors with King Henry 
VII. and Henry VIIL, Bishop Sherborne, &c., at whose 
expense, the work of painting was done. ^^ All these paintings 
newly repaired by Tremaine, who dy'd and left it part 
unfinished [1747]." Vertue proposed to have some pictures 

XVII. 2 D 

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210 NOTES ON AMBEBLEY. 

taken down, and put in the Chapter-house behind, — a good 
place with a good light. Amberlej is not named in a memo- 
randum, in which it is said "he visited Chichester Cathedral, 
Tortington Priory, Game's Head on the coast, and Boxgrove 
Church, in company with the Duke in his carriage, drawn by 
six little Manks horses, not above a yard high, and other 
spots of interest."" 

An account, appended to an engraving by King, of the 
painting in the Cathedral, of an interview between Henry 
VIII. and Bishop Sherborne, attributes to Theodore Bernardi 
that picture, the portraits of the Bishops, the painted ceiling 
with armorial bearings in Chichester House, (the Episcopal 
Palace,) and a large room in the Castle. 

Mr. Clerk writes that^ the historical painting is said to 
be the work of one Bernardi, an Italian, who came into Eng- 
land with Bishop Sherborne. 

I am indebted to Mr. Durrant Cooper, not only for the 
editorial supervision which he gave to my paper in an 
earlier and less extended form, but also for the following and 
other information. 

•< Chichester, in Com. SuBsez, July 8, *52 [1752], 
" The fine historical painting on the waU of y« S. Cross Isle, w«h none of our 
writers make mention of, was y« work of one BemanU, an Italian, brought into 
"Rng^ by Bp. Sherboum, temp. Henry VIII. It represents y* first conversion of 
y* S. Saxons by Wilfrid and his founding y« See of Selsey, i n one compartment, and 
in y* other y« refounding the See of Chichester by Henry VIH. The per^iecti^-e 
is good, the architecture excellent, and the figures in general well diapoeed in y* 
picture.'^ 

The writer of MS. notes on Coxe's History of Sussex 
(Burrell Coll., 5708) appears to have borrowed from the 
preceding, or vice versd; or both writers may have been to a 
common fount of archaeologic lore. 

The position in favour of Theodore Bernardi, is, to say 
the least, questionable. It is probable that the baptism of an 
artist, who was at his easel in 1520, would not find a place in a 
register commencing 1563, when, according to Dallaway, 
the register of All Saints, Chichester, begins, but neither 
Mr. Clarence Hopper, Paleographer to the Archaeological 
Association, nor myself have been able to detect the name of 
Theodore Bernardi, or Barnard, in that register. 

s« Vertue's Coll"*. Brit. Mus., 28,089. " Lyttelton*8 MS. Notes of Churches, 
Plat, cxcix. Soo. Ant 

3« Rouse's Sussex. 



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NOTES ON AMBEBLEY. 211. 

A compilation from Mr. Hopper's memoranda is subjoined. 

Babnabd alias Babnabde. 

Maj, 1565, Eluabeth, 73, Alioe 76, Brigett 78, Joan *82, Doritha *85, d. of 
Anthony B. 

Elizabeth 1618, Tho.*20, Anne *23. John '24, Edward *27, Lambert '27, Jeremy 
*30, Lambert, 61, a. and d. of Lambert B. 

1578, Anthony Barnard and Agnes Norris. 

1617, Lambert Bamarde and Bllenor Botseley, servant to Mr. Yeneton. 

1624, Lambart Barnard and Aves (larlott. 

Burial. 
1619, AnnoDom. 

Anthony Barnard the olde painter was buried the xxiz^^ of December, 1619, being 
an hundred and five years old. 

Query. — Was Anthony, (about 21, when Bishop Sherborne 
retired from the See,) the painter of the Amberley figures? 

Theodore is hors de combat^ if by him is intended 
Barentzen, auch Bernard, Dirk, Maler, born at Amsterdam, 
1534, died 1592,* as he would have been about 2 years old 
at the death of the Bishop, in 1536. 

The brief I elect to hold, is in behalf of Lambert Bernarde, 
or he failing, of one Bernarde, hoping that my learned and 
obliging friends, Mr. W. Durrant Cooper and Mr. Mark Antony 
Lower, will follow me, and set the Court of Archaeology right, 
by such corrective or additional evidence, as the case may 
require, and their research and acumen supply. 

We do not find that Bishop Sherburne kept, as was said of 
Archbishop Parker, in his house, a painter, graver, and a primer, 
but that he took an interest in Lambert Bernarde^ a painter, 
is deducible from a rental of property, acquired by him and 
assigned to the Dean and Chapter of Chichester for the 
execution of his last will. 

Selsey . . . 

Amherley, Item de terns vocat* pay [ ] ... in tenura Sibill Rose. 

. . . Summa totalis Bentalis ultra omnia casualia sicut annis singulis 

contingent ciij" iiij* vi**. 

Et sio de prediotis £103 4s. 6d. diet decanns, et capitulu* reoipient dare ad eoru 
usum an*ue in perpetuu £5 pro vin'% inter eos annuatimdistribuendo assig'at - ac post 
mortem Johane Irelande vidue,46s. 8d.; post mortem Johanne Saintione (St John"^ 
208.; post mortem Johan busshope £3 6s. 8d. necnon post mortem lamberti bemardo 
pictoris, £3 68. 8d. ad sumam £15, ultra multa alia beneficia . . . tarn ad honorem 
dei quam ipius ecclie omatu data atque coUata yidelioet • . • '^ 

I beg here to acknowledge the courtesy of the Capitular 

" Nayler. Kiinster Lexicon. •• Book of Bp. Sherborne, Reg. Cbich., 

fO. XXXY. 

2 i> 2 



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212 NOTES ON AMBKRLKT. 

body, and the very friendly condition with which the Very 
Rev. the Dean, coupled their permission to me, to searcb 
their books. 

Another rental of Bishop Sherborne bears upon the painter.^ 

Bentale d'ni Boberti qoarti de peiqui . . . asBign d. et o. kd perimp me nit 
Tolant In feet Michaelis aroh, Anno d* 1529 et an^ r^gnt r^gis henrici octoTi xxi. 

• # • • • ^ • 

Laihom. 

Item pro tenementis nap in tenura lamberti pictorfs 168. et 
Johanni Butler lOt. . . . de Johanna aeyntione (St John) 268. 

Dnu8 de JohU alen. 
Amberley Inprimia de terris ibidem comparet de • . . ciceetrias 10".** 

(c.) As to the Date; assuming Lambert to be the painter, 
and his tenancy at Lathorn in Mundham to have been de- 
termined by his decease, not later than 1529, we may perhaps 
be safe in supposing the Amberley paintings to have been 
executed about the year 1520. 

(d.) As to the Art; amid conflicting expressions of 
opinions, the situation of an inexpert is somewhat perplexing, 
though he should endeavour to simplify the solution, by 
eliminating those of the "know-nothing" school, who may be 
caught by the ad captandum style of the paintings. Evi- 
dence so decided as that of Mr. Scharf, writing, 21st Dec., 
1864, is valuable. 

** In themaelves, as works of art, I cannot but think otherwise than meanly of 
them ; thej are mere antiquarian curiosities, but if the name of the artist or their 
actual date had been disoovered, they would at once hare been inreirted with s 
peculiar interest** 

Again, to quote Mr. Scharf; 

** The connection of the style of these designs with the figures, or ornaments, on 
bookbinding of the 16th century, has been justly remarked upon by Mr. Albert Wsy, 
and their connection also with the glass-painting of the period can hardly fail to 
strike those who have seen and remembered the magnificent windows of King's 
College Chapel, Cambridge, and some of the glass in the Eastern windows of 
Lichfield Cathedral.*' 

To these examples, Mr. Durrant Cooper adds, the west 
window of St. George's, Windsor. 

A departmental head at the British Museum acknow- 
ledges — 

** The 5 photographs from the pictures at Amberley Castle, which are of a very 
interesting character. I am induced to think they are the work of a Fleming. They 
very much re^mble what I have of the works of Van Orley. The pictures by 
Bernard!, at Chichester, I cannot call to miud, but he was of the same school and 
period with Van Orley.*' 

*^ Bp. Sherborne*s Liber donationum. Chich. Beg. Epts. 

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NOTES ON AMBERLEV, 213 

Mr. Merritt threw out a hint as to the pictures being, 
possibly, from designs by Lucas Granachi. Besides the heads 
(1.) (3.) and (4.) he had charge of a panel, found in the 
Church, probably transferred thither from the Castle, having 
upon it the jleur de lis and the heraldic lion ; the back has 
the appearance of faint graining, with a maroon or dark 
bordering. The following note, made in his studio, with the 
hypothetical and hyperbolical severance of his finger, if he 
could draw like it, are somewhat startling: — 

" Consider that the drawing is strong and determined ; the heraldry, in particular, 
drawn by a practised hand — back very fine—done, not by a mechanic, but an 
artist** 

I apprehend that the foregoing, mutatis mutandis^ applies 
to the heads and to the heraldic panel, although Mr. 
Merritt looks upon them as very far removed from high 
art. If an unartistic r^sum6 is admissible, it may have 
been, that the artist gave indication of the pictor-nascitur' 
non-Jit element — of a capacity for better things — that he took 
a creditable position among the decorative painters of his 
day, and might compare favourably with similar artists of 
the present time, in spite of grotesque unnaturalism and 
flagrant anatomy, more happy in the vividness and dura- 
bility of his pigments and in the freedom of his touch, than in 
truthful delineation of form. Thus limited, we perhaps need 
not scruple to sympathise with the encomium of a Wiltshire 
Baronet, who visiting the Queen's Boom, several years since, 
applied to the originals, or to picturesque reproductions; 
the remark, that they were ** the work of no mean artist.'' 

Before dismissing these paintings, we have a bold theory to 
propound j viz. that the artist was one whose productions came 
under the admiring gaze of Robert Sherborne, when ambas- 
sador to the Homan Court from Henry VII., who, April 1, 
1496,*' writes to the Duke of Milan, to allow his secretary to 
travel through the Milanese territories without impediment. 
The re-contract of the Holy League ensued between Pope 
Alexander VII., Maximilian, king of the Romans, Ferdinand 
and Isabella, king and queen of Spain, Henry, king of 
England, the Signor of Venice and Ludovic Maria Sforza, 
Duke of Milan, with a view to the peace of Italy and the 

** Calendar of State Papers, Venetian, by Rawdon Brown, vol. !., page 287. 

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214 NOTES ON AMBERLET. 

welfare of the Christian commonwealth, July, 1496. The 
Pope issues a brief, granting plenary indulgence, on the 
day of the solemn publication of the League in St. Mark's | 
Church, at Venice, and the proclamation was written above I 
the portraits of the Allies. 

This is the Pope Alexander who corrects 

The errors of the world by laws divine. — ^POPE. j 

hong life to Ciesarean Emperor Aagust, 

King of the Bomans, Maximilian the just — Maximiliak. 

This is the great King of Spain and his Queen, 
Who of the infidels made havoc extreme. — Spajn. 

This great King who will yet cause consternation, 
To every foe of the firm confederation. — Engla^^d. 

Potent in war, and the friend of peace, 
Venice ever loves the common weal. — Vekice, 

This is he in whose hand is the sceptre of justice, 
Who rules the happy state of Milan. — Milam 

The preceding, probably, are translations of the original 
legends. Assuming that they do justice to the poetaster, 
and that the calibre of the artist was on a par, it may be in- 
ferred that the Painter at Venice was one whose art did not 
rise above that of the Amberley pictures. The versification 
and the pictorial art in the Queen's Room would be akin to 
what was developed at Venice, on that gala day in July, 
1496. Giving reins to the imagination, we may suppose the 
painter returning to England with Master Ftdbum^— a con- 
tinental transmutation which the Ambassador's name appears, 
on one occasion, to have taken. 

Taking up the mythic record, it was a dark day before 
Christmas, when the Bishop found himself at the Castle, dis- 
coursing with his limner Bernarde, in the state room, which, 
looking northward into the East Court, and southward against 
the outer wall and the contiguous buildings, was, even on 
bright days, none of the most cheerful of apartments. The com- 
mission to deck the walls with his pictorial works, was soon 
given ; they should be painted in the sun, resplendent with 
gold and vermilion, akin to those that glittered in le Piazze 
on that sunniest of days, in that sunny clime. Phoebus Apollo, 
must be inveigled into that chamber, from which, he had 
been in part excluded. It was a joint labour of love between 



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NOTES ON AMBERLEY. 215 

the Patron-Prelate and the Painter, to develope the scheme 
for the ornamentation of the chamber. School-boy recollec- 
tions and diplomatic associations, Winchester and Venice, 
Ovid and Herodotus, the Bishop's taste for embellishment, 
the Painter's professional ardour, the auburn-haired damsels, 
with broad facial development whom he had left behind, 
history and fable. Worthy and Unworthy, King and Queen, 
the Lempriere and Favine of the day, artistic conception and 
pirated heraldy were the class of elements which, it may be 
conjectured, were called into play for the embodiment of what 
may be designated — till other members of the group have been 
individualized by the research of the learned and the in- 
ductions of the ingenious — Bishop Sherborne's Amherley 
Worthies. 

Bishop Sherborne, we are told by Dallaway, was certainly 
the last who lived here in splendour, his successor preferring 
Aldingboume. From a bequest of £5, made Oct., 1556, by 
Bishop Christopherson to Houghton Bridge in Sussex, it 
may be conjectured, that he had personally become acquainted 
with it, and had thus become aware of its importance to the 
neighbourhood and to the Bishops, for the passing of them- 
selves, and for the conveyance of live and dead stock, between 
the Palace and the Castle, and therefore wrote well of the 
Bridge, which had carried him and his predecessors safely 
across. It appears to have been rather essential for the 
Bishop to do something for Houghton Bridge.** 

Bishop Christopherson appears in a kindly light, in his 

4' Ourfriend the Water Bailiff writes-^ A not improbable mishap in this 

*' Lower to Arundel ward was there locality, is said to have been pourtrayed 

Passagin, de Houghtonr where, by the on the sign of the *' Old Houghton 

good help of Richard Praty, Bishop of Bridge," Public House, representing the 

Chichester, about the Middle of the Reign structure, the Qappert^ and a female, 

of Hen. 6*^, King of England, was there with her hat blown off. 
a stone Bridge with divers arches made, Bishop Day, 1556, gives " to Houghton 

wch are now decay* d, and a Bridg of bridge beside Amherley, and the repay rin 

Wood built there with Clappers, w*"*, thereof, tenne pounds.'* We must 

when in Decay, ought to be repaired by chronicle, also: '* Item to my lord Arch- 

Arundel Rape afores**.*' bishop of York, a ring with a sapphire 

On the reparation of the bridge in which King Henery the 8*^ gave me. 

1478, an indulgence of 40 days is said to Item to my lord of El [le] two pay re 

have been granted to all who would con- of spectacles in one case of silver." 

tribute to it. He also gives to the poore people of 

Bishop Story leaves by his Will, Aldingbome and Amherley, and of the 

(1508,) "xiij*iiij<' ad URum reparacionis parishes where the parsonages be an- 

pontis vulgariter nuucupati * Hughton nexed to the Bishoprick of Chichester, 

bryggc * annuatim expoDcndujs.** 18" 6" S**.— (Court of Probate, London.) 

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216 NOTES OK AMBERLEY. 

care of an old bridge and of bad highways. " Item,** I give 
to y* mending of y* Highways in Sussex £13 6s. 8d." The 
ways of Sussex were, of old, notorious. Had the Bishop 
lived in his Castle of Amberley, in the 19th century, our 
quasi Squire, he might have become experimentally sensible, 
that we were wanting in that indispensable branch of civiliza- 
tion, clean and tidy streets, and that, while we could provide 
a picturesque old porch for Collins, the painter, to admire, 
and for his son, to depict, with children ad libitum^ there was 
room also for the operations of a Highway Board. 

The translation of my Lords of Amberley, about the year 
1600, resulting in the translation of certain fees into the 
pocket of the Water-BailiiF or his official, must have 
been matter of considerable gratification to the recipient. 
Among the duties of the Bailiff was one, which reads 
something like murder or abduction. ^^ He is likewise 
to take off the Successor of the Bishop for the continu- 
ance of his predecessor's swan mark.'' It appears that 
there had been quietly paid him, from Lancelot Andrews, 
Lord Bishop of Chichester, 68. 8d., for the continuance of 
the swan mark, after the removal of his predecessor; 
that the same sum had been paid, on account of Bishop 
Harsnett, after the translation of Doctor Andrews. Similar 
payments appear to have been made after the translations of 
Bishops Harsnett and George Carleton — the latter predecessor 
to Richard Montague — " who likewise paid the said 6s. 8d. 
at his first coming to the Bishoprick, is well known to their 
Lordships' servants." 

The curious in Swan Marks may be gratified to learn that the 
Bishop's birds were " butted on the left winge, and three notches 
on the right side of the beake. The Earles of Arundel arc 
butted on the right wing, and their heels both cut off." Sir 
William Goring had a variety of marks. One of the marks 
of Walter Barttelot, Esq., was, " butted on the left winge, a 
notch on the right side of the beake, near the eye, and slitt 
on the outer blade of the right foot, and a tongue on the inner 
blade of the same foot." Sir John Shelley of Michelgrove, 
and Sir Edward Bishop had their notches and slits. The 
Autocrat of the High Stream receives the stereotyped six 

*» Court of Probate, London, Chayne 8. 

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NOTES ON AMBERLEY. 217 

and eight pence of the latter, for a new swan-mark, and 
seizes swans to the £arl of Arundel's use, for non-payment 
of the fee for the continuance of the marks. (Antiq: of 
Arundel, 1 766.) The rods of weare- wheels and fish-pots were 
to be of the old assize and distance, so as the bailiff might easily 
thrust his hand flatwise. The mode of procedure for viewing 
the assize, or scantling of the netts and fishing potts of any 
fisher, in the district of the Bailiff, or his Deputy is given. 
^^ He ought to go to the gate of the fisher, and blow his horn 
thrice, and if he then come not forth, and his netts and potts 
be not according to y* antient assize, they are to be cut and 
defaced." 

The Decadence. — The word may be tame to credulous or ima- 
ginative spirits, who would revel in an archaeological mirage, 
in which stand out Cromwell's forces, with their artillery 
planted on Amberley Mount, crippling the Castle battlements, 
and rushing down to the slaughter of the brave defenders and 
the demolition of the fabric. It is related, that, in the reign 
of Charles the First, the Castle was plundered and dismantled 
by Waller's soldiers, Frey Lewkenor then holding a lease of it; 
that no authentic account is extant of the exact time 
and manner, in which the destruction took place, but 
that it is more than probable that it was immediately 
after the surrender of Arundel Castle in 1643. The defect 
may very properly be accounted for, if no such destruction 
took place. We are inclined to surmise with the late Mr. J. 
B. Freeland, of Chichester, that our Castle was not of suffi- 
cient importance to win its scars in war's rough usage. Its 
desolation may possibly be due to gradual decay, to neglect, 
to still more cruel interferences, to works of a civil and 
domestic nature, to pullings-down and settings-up, to the 
utilitarian views of one, to the improving tendencies and 
pseudo-restorations of another. As the Castle attained its 
maximum by successive increments, so it is not improbable 
that it declined by successive decrements. The tenure, if not 
the fabric, was undoubtedly affected by the troublous times 
of the Commonwealth. 

Old dynasties were passing away from Amberley: new 
ones arose. '* Elizabeth, the Ladie Goreing, widdow, was bury- 
ed the 28th of december 1647." ** James Butler, of London, 

** Pap : Beg. 

XVII, 2 E n ^ 

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218 NOTES ON AMBBRLEY. 

merchant, in September 1648, purchased the castle,^ manor, 
and appurtenances (a reservation being made as to advowsons, 
&c.) for £3341 14s. 2^d. Bj deed of indenture, containing, 
according to our estimate, about 80 folios, " Sir John WoUas- 
ton Knight, and certain Aldermen and Cittizens of London, 
(being all of them trusted by severall ordinances of the 
Lordes and Comons with the landes and possessions of Arch- 
bishopps and Bishopps, and with the sale thereof, for the use 
of the Oomonwealth,) did grant, alien, bargaine and sell unto 
James Butler, all that the manner of Amberley with all and 
singuler the rightes, members, and appurtenances thereof." 
The unlegal mind might think that this clause need not 
have expanded itself into some sixty other specialties. Let 
laymen beware of rushing in, where lawyers delight to tread, 
when they find particularised, as part of the bargain, not 
only " goodes and chatteles of fellons and fugitives," but 
^^ felons, themselves, outlawed persons, and of persons putt in 
exigend/' 

Some of the items are worth noting: — 

All that oapitall meesuage or manoion house, &o., called the Qutle qf Amberley, l\ 
acres, more or leas ; the copefrildetf diyided into eight seyeralls, abutting upon the 
oowebrooke and the parMonage or ikeepe meade ; the inolated downet, atrable aAd 
bushie grounds, &c., abutting upon Moughtan Brydffe$ and StoeJte feildeMj 110a.; 
Denny land; the Orougate farme ; the orogfield; the Bradlj field; Maiutor er 
farme house if Hoekham, 2|A.; the ohappell orqft abutting upon Bifbtei eroft^ 4a.; the 
lower lawey huh, abutting on Parham lands on East, 8a.; the upper lomn bmek^ 
the wuddie lane, 86a.; the weet lane, abutting upon W%eker"$ yoriland ; the Battamte 
trench; the onld field, abutting upon a paroell of ground of one houldingea, 20a.; 
the upper Ud ereft, abutting upon the Ught; the loner lid erqft ; the JRi^kam mea- 
dow, abutting upon Hdlei meadow ; Blaekborough Warren ; the waters, piscary sod 
fishinge in Uie waters, within the manor aforesaid ; all those swanns and Oame of 
Bwanns ; messuages now or late in the possession of the Lady Elisabeth Goringe, of 
Amberley (having been leased, 14 Chas. L, to Henry Qoreing, Esq., and Henry 
Bartlett, gent, for 21 yeres), the farm erected for a fullinge mill, in Fittleworth ; 
the parcel of ground, &o., conteyning in square compasse, every way, by estima- 
don 4 perches, Iving in Amberley Downe, above the lodge gate, and idl that wind- 
mill upon it, with all profitts, suite, service, soaken, too,, due to it, having beeo 
leased (15 Charles L) on lives to John Strood ; JPeUUngham Pleehee ; the acre and 
a half in the north field of Amberley, leased (1 James I.) to Thomas Hopkins of 
Boxgrave, Taylor ; Traveme, the middle BaU ; Uppettes acre. 

Reverting to the surmised attack upon the c^astle, and to 
the name of Lewkenor, one of its archseological heirlooms, 
the silence of a member of the family, in the following docu- 
ment, as to any assault upon the Castle, or damage sustained 
by him, is not without significance.*^ 

« Bot. aaus, 24 Car. L; p. 20, M. 7. «• Boy*- Composition Papers,— A 

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5 



NOTES ON AMBERLEY. 219 

\*' To the right hon^* the Oomn for Oompodciona, sitdng at Goldsmiths Hall. 

"The humble peticion of Thomas Lewkenor, of Amberle^, iu the oomitie of 
Sussex, gent 

*' Shewing 

" That your petitioner haveing for man j years before the warr beene a meniall 
servant to Sir Edward Forde wont with his master out of the Parliaments quarters 
into Arrundell GasUe, and waited upon him in divers other garrisons of the late 
kings. 

'* That he hath annexed a true particular of his estate. 

'^Tour petitioner therefore humbly prayeth that hee may be admitted to his 
composition for his said delinquency. 

** And yor petitioner shall pray, &o^ 

"THO LBWKBNOR." 
Bead 18th May, 1649, and) 
refened to the sub- ( 
committee. 

JO. LEECH.. 

An official pricis is given : — 

^ Thomas Lewkenor of Amberley in the County of Sussex, gent 

" His delinquency that he adhered to y^ forces raised ag* the parliam^ 

*' He peticioned here the 10th of Hay, 1649. 

^ He compounds upon a particular delivered in under his hand by which he 
submits to such fine, &o., and by which it appears — 

" That he is seised of a reveroion in fee after the death of Fray Lewkenor his 
father, of and in certaine lands and tenem^ called Bamet in Leigh, in the countie 
of Kent, of the yearly value of ^&^ before the warrs. 

*< But the said revercion is charged with an annuify of 80** per annum to Mary hia 
wife, for her life after the death of his father.«7 

''fine at a fixt 84U- 
*<25 May 1649.** 

A gentleman so sagacious, or so well-advised, as to depose 
that his father and mother were alive and in very good 
health (a fact of some importance in estimating the value 
of the reversion), would, we imagine, not neglect to ur^e in 
mitigation of his fine, any material damage, if such had oeen 
done to his, or his father's property at Amberley, by the 
Parliamentaiy forces. 

The presumption against the demolition of the Castle, 
prior to July 1651, is strengthened by the following, being 
some deposic'ons taken by Stephen Humfrey and Henry 
Stalman, on the behalfe of the Commonwealth. A letter 
addressed to their " honored friends the Com" for advance of 
money sitting at Haberdasher's Hall,'' dated Arundell, 31st 
July, 1651, states that the prosecutor for the Commonwealth 
informs them that some of the witnesses, by reason of theire 
abscence from home and the inability of others, could not 
appear.** 

*"* This doonment omits, 25**, due upon «• p. 588 ) 

bond, in principall money, besides in- 555 > Sussex, 

terest 568 



2 E 2 n A 

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220 NOTES ON AMBERLBT. 

** The exAinfauigon of William Short, of Amberley, vietiiler, taken at Arandell 
before the Oommisaioiiere for sequeetntfom within the said oounty, tiie one ind 
thirtieth day of Jolj, 1651. 

*''^^niliam Short of Amberley aforesaid examined nppon oath the day afoienid 
saith, that as the Insarre9con was in Sussex and Kent m the yeare one thousand nxe 
handled forty and eight, Mr. John Ooreing of Amberley aforesaid desired this 
examinant to ride a horse with armes to the Lord Oorehig, then in arnies and open 
rebellion against the Parliament of England, and the said John Qordng did then 
promise this Examinant great rewards if the kinges foroes should then preraile 
against the Parliaments, tellinge this Deponent that he shoold then bee made a 
Oolonell in the Kinges armie. And further depoeeth that about half a jear ffloce 
the said John Goreing tooke a glasse of Beere and Imeeling downe drunke a health 
to Prince Charles, and to the confusion of this present parliament, tellinge then tbie 
deponent that there were none in the parliament house but Boguea, knayes, and 
upstart gentlemen, and that he the said John Ooreing was a better man than anj 
man there now sittinge And further depoeeth that the said John Goreing told this 
Examinant that if ever Prince Charles should come into England, he the said John 
Goreing would sell his whole estate to maintain warres against the parliament, aixl 
deposeth that the said John Goreing hath been a great obstroetor of the payment 
of all Parliament taxes, saying that he would not pay any till he was distrayned for 
the same, and that if the tymes should tume he would sue all the rogues tiitt 
collected itt and make them pay itt him agune (or words to that effect) and furtiier 
deposeth that when as the late kinges foroes kept Arandell Castle Uie said John 
Goreing furnished one Captain Lashford with a brace of pistoUs and one carbine, 
the said Captaine being then in the said late kinges service 

WILLIAM SHOUT. 

** Thomas Sletter of Amberley saith 

And further deposeth that att the beginnings of the late troubles the Bsid 
John Goreing would have had the inhabitants of the pariith of Amberley aforesaid 
to bring their goods into Amberley Castle and that he would have secured itt, aoa 
that if the parish would but joyne witli him there was never a loond headed rogoe 
should have his Castle. 

"THOMAS SLETTSB + 
« his marke." 

The soldiers, aiding the civil power in the collection of 
taxes, as appears from another deposition, might have been 
a nine day's wonder for the villagers, which lost nothing 
in the narration, and settled down into the tradition of the 
storming of the castle. 

** The examination of John Holland of Amberley, yeoman, taken as aforesai^* 
'* John Holland of Amberley aforesaid examined uppon oath the day afortfaid 
saith that Mr. John Goreinge of Amberley aforesaid hath been allwayes very 
backward in the payment of all parliament Taxes, and that he could never gett aoy 
assessment of him untill he had gotten the souldiers from Arundell castle to ais* 
trayne for the same. 

"JOHN HOLLAND/' 

Analyzing an abstract: 

" In Hillary Term, 1651,^ a cause was depending in the Exchequer, by Eng^^ 
bill, between Henry Manners, olerke, plf. and John Goreing, g^t def^, the 800p^ 
being that the former might be releeved for small tithes, as viocar of Amberley, 
and by reason of gardens, orchards, sheep, cowes and poultry, &o., used or kept by 
the defendant, for 2 years to Sept 29th A.D. 1649. Mr. Walker of Ck>nofleU viU^ 
plaintiff, noe counsell appearing for the defendant An affidavit of Walter Fayneoi 
Petworth, gent, read. Decree in favour of Vicar, £10 for 2 yean small tithes, vH- 

^ Decrees in the Exchequer, vol. v. p. 268. 

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NOTES ON AMBERLEY. 221 

damages, sustained by him, with oostes by the defendant, unless cause shewn to the 

oontrary. 

** By the Lord chefe Baron Wylde. 
** By Baron Thorpe 
<«Smythefortheplt** 

The sun of the Lewkenors sets : that of the Butlers rises. 
Frey Lewknor, the elder, was buried Sept. 26, 1654. 

** Mrs. Butler was brought on bed with a Gu-le on Monday the 7th of Januarie 
1654.»' 

** Elisabeth the daughter of James Butler of Amberleie in the Ck>untie of Sussex 
Esq. and Prudence his wife was baptised on Sunday the fouieteenth of Januarie 
1656 att Amberley afores^ **•<> 

In justice to the Squire's churchmanship, (questionable, if 
he had deferred the baptism of his child '^ for more than a 
year,) it should be remarked that 1654, in the first of these 
consecutive entries, should probably be 1655, and appears as 
if originally it might have been so written. Mr. Butler 
became a justice of the peace, swearing in and approving 
one John Coveney of North Stoke, who had been chosen by 
the parishioners of Amberley to be Registrar for the Parish, 
attesting the proceedings, in the parish book. His Wor- 
ship als(D sets his sole and goodly signature to entries of 
marriages at Amberley, in 1653.* 

A tourist" records a visit at the Castle, " then leased out 
to the worthy family of the Butlers, who were the inhabitants 
at that time. We staid here for the space of a week, where 
we were generously entertained with great courtesy and 
civility, and there we had a full account given us of the nature 
of the country, which by a most particular survey we found 
afterward very true ; for the soil is for the most part rich, 
and the ways deep ; the Downs by the sea-side standing upon 
a fat chalk or marie, are abundantly fertile in corn ; the 
middle tract garnished with meadows, pastures, corn-fields, 
groves, and iron mines ; the north side shaded with wood, 
and here ran along part of that great wood which was called 

by the ancients Andredsleage But though the company 

was most obliging, and the place no less divertive, yet having 

*^ Parish Beg. Peace, nor without the good will of her 

** Vide B. of Com: Prayer, The Minia- parents, or some other. The bride was 

tration of Private Baptism. to make, before she contracted, a good 

*' In the case of Priest or Deacon, it proof to the minister or the oongrega- 

had, in Queen Elizabeth's time, been tion, assembled for Uiat purpose, on 

thought very necessary, that he should some holyday. (Bishop Sparrow's Col- 

not take to his wife any manner of lections.) 

woman, without the advice and allow- *» Mr. Brome's " Three Years' Travel 

ance first had, upon good examination over Bngland, Scotland, and Wales.** 

by the Bishop, and two Justices of the 



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222 NOTES OK AMBEELET. 

not compleated our designed journey, we took a solemn leave 
of our courteous friends, and returned towards the sea-coast 
to Arundel." 

The connexion of the Butler family with the Castle is 
traceable in the following entry, prefaced with an Imprimis^ 
though followed in the Register book by three others of ear- 
lier date : — 

1683. — "Eliz: the daoghter of James Butler, Esq., and of Gmoe, his wile^ vu 
baptized the 1 [3] day of Ootober.'* 

This James Butler,** the preceding year, (35th Chas. XL,) 
had a lease for 21 years granted to him, by Bishop Guy 
Carleton, a leasehold interest taking the place of the fee- 
simple, which appears to have been wrested from the Church, 
and to have been purchased by his father. Following our 
archssological game, we find it perched on the elevation of 
Worminghurst Park, about seven miles distant. A Latin 
record on the west wall of the neat and interesting church, in- 
forms us of its reparation (mstentation) and decoration at the 
cost of J. B. Arm., his mother and sisters, A.D. 171[3]. 
The conjunction of a favourite text of Bishop Sherburne, 
DUexi decorem domus Tuca^ Domine^ with the motto 
Credite operihus^ imply a study of the Prelate, in the record 
of his life, or in some of his textual developments. The 
round-headed wood -work within the church suggests the idea 
that it is a modified reproduction of the Norman stone-work 
at Amberley. We learn from monuments at Worminghurst 
and Thakeham, from Berry and Burke, that James Butler 
the 2nd. was M.P. for Arundel, was buried at Thakeham, 
that James his son, residing at Michelgrove, and John his 
grandson, represented Sussex for some years; that Ann Jemima 
the elder, and Patty, co-heiresses, in the fourth generation 
after him, married the Rev. Roger Clough and Hugh Clough, 
Esq., sons of Hugh Clough, of Pl&s-Glough, Co. Denbigh, 
Esq., Mrs. Roger Clough dying in 1812. One of the crests 
of the Clough family is given as a bent arm Az^ holding a 
covered cup, Or, for Butler. The Castle soon changes 
hands, the interest in the lease passing to Sir John Briscoe, 
of Great Harrowden, Co. Northampton, K*., in 1683, for 
£4,800. In 1719 (5th George I.), he had a devise for 21 

" Burrell MSB.. 5687. 

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NOTES ON AMBEllLEY. 223 

years from Bishop Manningham. In 1706, Diana, the 
daughter of himself and of Lady Anne, (only daughter of 
Nicholas Earl of Banbury, by the daughter of Mountjoy, 
Earl of Newport,) married Dr. Welbore Ellis, Bishop of Kil- 
dare, and Dean of Christ Church, who was translated to the 
Bishopric of Meath, and was a Privy-Councillor. Dying in 
1739, a monument was erected to her memory by her only 
surviving son, the Bight Hon. Welbore Ellis, Amberley 
Castle thus becoming commemorated in Dublin Cathedral. 
It does not appear to have been there noticed by Jeames de 
la PlushCj Esq., in attendance at the Vice-Regal Court, on 
the occasion of a visit from a noble Lord, deriving his title 
from another Amberley." The story runs, that, enquiry 
being made respecting the visitor, the reply was — ''They 
call him Wicount Amberley, but I never heard of such a 
place." Charles II. is supposed to have visited Sir John 
Briscoe. In the Queen's Room, at the upper part of the east 
end, is a landscape, with arms, probably intended for the 
King's, on the left, and those of Eatherine of Braganza, on 
the right. A bed-chamber, not usually shewn to visitors, at 
the east side of the Castle, looking into the church-yard, is 
designated King Charles's Room. It contains an elaborate 
chimney-piece, (1721, it is said, scratched upon it,) decked out 
with imitative marble, and there is a fanciful fir pannel- 
ling. A confirmation or otherwise of the royal visit would 
be of interest. We venture to sound an archaeological hue 
and cry for the missing particulars. The Viscount Clifden, 
Baron of Gowran, Baron Mendip, Baron Dover, is descended 
from Sir John Briscoe. 
The Register records : — 

1723.—** Sir John Briaooe, K\ was buried Feb. y« I6th. Rec««- a certificate y* 17." 

In 1864, a vault was found within the chancel, which con- 
tained a coffin, covered, studded with nails, and having a 
corroded plate. The remains were deemed innocuous ; the 
fresh appearance of the brick-work was remarkable. This 
may have been the vault of Sir John. He left a son and heir, 
the, Rev. Charles Briscoe, Rector of Boughton, Northamp- 
tonshire, who, 1728 (1st George 2nd), assigned the lease to 

. *^ p. of Maiden, Amberlmr or Ambarlege, Broxohe H., C. of Hereford, (Dun- 
oomb*8 Hereford, 1812 ; Carlisle 8 Top. Diet.) 

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224 NOTES ON AMBEBLET. 

George Parker, of Chichester, Esq. His representatives 
assigned the lease in 1750 (24th George II.)i to James 
Peachey, of Fittleworth, Esq., in consideration of £5,250.* 
From this period, the Castle has continued to be connected witli 
the family of Peachey. Sir James Peachey, Bart, had a 
lease granted to him by Sir William Ashbomham, Bishop of 
Chichester, in 1783.^ One lease provided that the lessee 
was to deliver to the Bishop, at his palace, free of carriage 
and without anything being paid therefor, 4 quarters of feir 
wheat and 4 of fair malt, in respect of the maintenance of 
the farm house of Backham. 

The Barony of Selsey was conferred, in 1794, upon Sir 
James Peachey, the fourth Baronet, who had been M.P. for 
Seaford, and Master of the Robes to the Eang. More 
than one of the branches of the family from which he 
descended, had enjoyed the honour of the peerage. The 
title became extinct on the death, in 1838, of Henry John 
Peachey, 3rd Baron Selsey. His sister, the Hon. Caroline 
Mary, relict of the Rev. Leveson Venables Vernon Harcourt, 
(son of the late Edward, Archbishop of York,) has for 
many years had an interest in the Castle, beneficial, in the 
legal acceptation of the word, — beneficial in its results, to the 
poor, to her tenantry, and to the Church of England, from 
her practical recognition of the duties as well as of the rights 
of property. 

Having reached the period of the lesseeship of the Castle, 
in this year of grace, 1865, let us mentally take an Ichno- 
graphic Stroll about the building. The stroller and reader 
are requested not to look for mathematical accuracy in the 

^ BurreU MSB. a terrier to the Bishop. (Burrell HSa, 

*^ To hold the 8* parsonage, &o., for 6687.) 
21 years from the Feast of the Annun- ^e m^ compare :— 

elation Sir James Peachey paying ^^^ j«ne« Bnticr. E«i.. to IW Bad- 
yearly to the Bishop - - £59 1101 oock, Lease ofiackliamFam 

Vifc; FortheParaontgeofAmberley £8 ^*^^*3ws, - - - - - £lj; J J 

Bent acr«8 of Meadow, - - - 14 ,_. TTuanae Carter, Cnwate Farm, » 9 

Piscary, ....... soo 1^^ Diana Slater, Oronn[d] and 

OverplaBofGoinnioQln7«Wild , ^J^'f^*^' S^' ' .\^' ** 

Brooks ....... 9 18 4 ^^^ J" Scoteher, the fishery of the 

Ambcrley Farms [Fonr] - - 17 17 104 ,^„, .^T^V*^ P* Fif*"!!.^. J- " " J J J 

Rackham House and Farm, - 1» 6 8 ^^^ Ths.Longley,theDowiilshFarm, 48 0_^ 
Blackboroogh Warren, ... 10 ^^, -~T 

Waltham P^rk and Warren. - 8 *^^ * 

Also, paying to the Bishop the ftuther -.26 Hen. VIII., 1 st frnlts and tenths re- 



sum of ........ .10 00 

Sir J. P. to pay the Yioar of Amber- Ambwley Water, demised to^ Bir W. 
ley £20 per ann. free of taxes, to deliver Shelley and Sir W. Goring £8. 



oords; Ep. Cicest. Farm of 2 Fisheriesm 
*ey Water, demised to "' "" 
and Sir W. Goring £8. 

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NOTES ON AMBEBLBr. 225 

plan, or architectural definitiveness in the letterpress.* The 
two may be of use in indicating what to observe ; and in 
eliciting more precise information as to what shall be ob- 
served. The pitching of our Society's tent within the Castle 
ruins, on the occasion of the annual meeting, 17th August 
next, has been determined on (D.V.,) being consented to 
in a very friendly manner by Mr. Harwood, the sub-tenant 
of Mrs. Vernon Harcourt. To the Lord of Amberley, the 
Bishop of Chichester, we naturally looked for one to preside 
over us, and to give that mark of countenance to the cultiva- 
tion of the ingemtas artes The pr^tige of his Lordship's 
name and office contribute, by his acquiescence, a prospective 
interest to the gathering. Satumina^ our tutelary genius, of 
hyper-mythic origin, complacently makes answer to the inquiry : 
Where do you meet this year ? At Amberley, where should I ? 

We meet our friends on the roadway (a), outside the prin- 
cipal entrance to the South, which is depicted at the head of 
our paper. It requires no very vivid imagination to picture 
to ourselves a draw-bridge over the fosse (b). 

Exchanging sighs over the trim stable and its adjuncts, it 
is soothing if we are greeted by a rock pigeon, perched on 
the battlement of one of the segmental towers (c), or at the 
partially closed window over the arch (d). Welcome the 
dove (instead of the grim porter, or the weary prisoner), 
emblem of a Church more pure than that in which some of 
the Castle lords bare rule; of times more pacific than those 
in which the lot of some of its occupants was cast. The 
entrance beai*s some resemblance to that of Carisbrooke, 
though wanting the machicolations, and being less ornate. 
A doorway, on the east of the arch, indicates the thickness 
of the wall, in which are seen windows, few and far be- 
tween. The portcullis groove, the iron hinges, and a socket, 
which may have received a bolt, are noticeable at (d). 
Here, a cutting on a stone, — E. JRhoades, 1816— reminds 
us of one who has a name among the " Worthies of Sussex," 
whose recent death evoked such a far-spread feeling of regret 
— Mr. Cobden. We have looked for a similar record of him- 

M We fall baok upon a great name, in ment, and as haying no pretensions to 

extenaation of this deflcienof. Dr. Wbe- ezactneas of proportion in details. We 

iireU, in bis ''Architectural Notes on Ger- erased from our Prorf, scale, 80 feet to 

man Churches," nfers to some plana as an inch, 
drawn by the eye, without any measure- 

XVII. 2 F n J 

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226 NOTES ON ABiBEBLEY. 

self, near to that of his first cousin, or of a connexion, in a 
spot of which, and its pleasurable associations, we have 
heard him speak. Round the right-hand comer of the gate- 
way is a labourer's cottage (e), where a glass of water may 
be procured; you may perhaps be allowed to grope your 
way to the pigeon's domicile over the arch. You may elect 
between this and the cellarage (e) for the old prison or 
dungeon. Outside the arch, looking to the far east, a donble 
lancet window reminds one of Bishop William Bede, in 1369. 
(g) indicates the window of the Court Eoom, a locality sug- 
gestive of the swearing o^ and presentments by, the Homage, 
of suit and service to the Lord, of fines, heriots, stewed 
eels, feasts, and other manorial mysteries, (h) indicates 
an arch, with an entrance to what was called the hall. Still 
standing at the entrance arch, on the west side, is a doorway, 
at which you may enter, observing the hacking of tiles for a 
fireplace ; do not be deluded into a belief that you are look- 
ing upon Boman work at this spot, or in the western wall. 
The interior (i) of a tower, flanking the arch is to be seen, 
sometimes a dep6t for peat,*® from the Wild-Brooks ; high 
up in this locality may be seen a doorway, whence egress 
might be had to take a stroll along the wall, within the 
battlements, (j) indicates the S.W. angle of the court. 
In the west wall, at k, observe the conjectural water-gate, 
blocked up, of which and its accessories a graphic sketch is 
appended by Bickman : — 

** Habitable apartments surround the courtyard (Ballium), 
out of shot of catapults, &c., and all other [curved lined] 
missiles. Imagine Bishop in his Castle; attack impends; 
cattle and all best goods of tenants and other dependents 
sheltered in court-yard. The owners form the garrison, 
their wives and children were protected from the violence of 
the enemy. The possessor of Arundel Castle (if the Bishop's 
friend) stops the watercourse at the bridge with paddles, and 
floods the Amberley wild-brooks, to the navigable depth of 
the [flat] boats. A water communication of garrison. Stores 
pour in, and hay, for the crowd of cattle in the courtyard, 
is landed at the water-gate, inaccessible to the besiegers." 
An external projection occurs at L. 

^ A report on some peat sent from the darker portion is the best^ and yieldi 
Amberley to Botherhithe, states that about 5 per cent of oil. 

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NOTES ON AMBEBLET. 227 

Note the north-west tower (m), with the comment: — 
^^ In Dallaway's Western Sussex, it is remarked, as pecu- 
liar, that the towers at the angles of this fortress are built in 
the base-court, and do not project from the interior face of 
the building."^ 

Outside the north wall at (n), outlets for the sewerage, 
into the Brooks below, may be seen, (o) is an aperture for 
the discharge of missiles, (p) is an entrance, on the south 
of which is a pointed arch (q), with crowned and mitred 
heads, as corbels : they may be those of Edward III. and Bishop 
William Rede. In the angle (r), a head appears to form a 
bracket or corbel. The last of the party from Oxford or 
Cambridge, may, before possible pic-nic^ croquet, or shep- 
herd's chess, find a resource in interpreting Bishop W. Bede's 
Latinity and measurements, and in assigning the position of 
the Chapel. 

" The drouit iAmhUus) of the Castle of Amberlee from the eastern tower of the 
same, looking south to (tuque ad) the vestibule of the chapel of the same, contains 
in length 246^ virgates. Thence (unde) the chapel of the same contains 264 viigates. 
Likewise the deambulatoriumy 82. The sum of the virgates of each 58| ; and so, 
the residue of the said ambUut contains 104 score and 16 virgates." 

Passing through the central arch of the three (s) facing the 
South, whether buttery-hatch or not, on the right, is ob- 
servable in the wall (x), what is suggestive of the under part 
of a staircase. With permission you may enter (u) a plat- 
form, denuded of pollard elms, commanding the Wild and 
other Brooks, Bury Church,^' BignorPark, Pulborough Mount, 
and Church, Parham Park, &c. 

This is called the kitchen ; the visitor may like to ask leave 
to unpack his basket and improvise a refectory. Tradition 
runs, that Sir Francis Burdett was reminded by his com- 
panion that it would be a good place to address a mob from ; 
to a general officer, it suggested a bastion. We do not 
recollect any comment from a noble and learned Lord, who, 
ere he reached the woolsack, sometimes unbent at Amberley 
from " law's grave studies." Hard by is the pound for stray 
animals. Below the summer-house, is some shattered ma- 
sonry, which has the appearance, from the pound, of a well. 
Emerging by the sycamore tree (v) into the more open area, 

'o Britton's Diet : of Architecture and feet ahove mean level of sea at Liver* 

Archnolo^. pool.— Ahst of Levelling from Amndel 

*' Bolt in the west comer of Bnry Parish to Staines . Ordnance Survey, p. 212, by 

Church is 5'00 feet above surface: 54*065 Ck>i. Sir Benry James, ILB., 1861. 

2 F 2 

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228 NOTES ON AMBEELEY. 

designated hj Grimm the Upper or East Conrt, application 
may be made, at (w) the pointed doorwaj, to see the Queen's 
Boom. Within the entrance is a Norman arch, barbarously 
bisected in sit&^ -or built in, for preservation. The Queen's 
room (x) is upon the first floor, with a window of baykh 
type looking to the north. On this faqadej there are traces 
of an early-EngUsh-looking window, with badges or de- 
vices, one of a dolphin, suggestive of Bishop Montague. 
Along the east wall are three recesses with arched brick- 
work (t). On the external Bast wall, look for Norman 
work, referred to by Dallaway. It is time to quit these 
walls, traditionally blended with the supernatural, and the 
subterranean, with deeds of darkness, with somersaulting bell 
in a state of cataleptic inversion, with unaccountable ring- 
ings, with lady in rustling silk, with mysterious dog, and 
bevy of clerics, to lay the spirit. If not spell-bound, you 
may make your exit by the postern (z), opening upon, among 
the last, but not the least, 

THE CHUBCH. 

Among the finest remains of the Norman period, from 
A.D. 1066 to A.D. 1145, Mr. Sharpe, in elucidating church 
architecture in Sussex, in our 7th volume, includes this 
church. It consists of nave, chancel, south aisle, tower, mi 
south porch. 

The Nave. — Dallaway states that '* Norman mouldings of 
an age as early as that of Henry II., and very few and 
narrow windows are seen in the nave.'* *' The church," writes 
Mr. Sharpe, " has a few good Norman windows." There are 
two on the north side, and one at the west end, the latter 
recently used as a doorway from the belfry to a gallery, re- 
moved in 1864. Conceptional architecture enables us, in a 
manner, to re-vivify the primary gloom which may be sup- 
posed to have hung about the nave, even though the two 
north windows, at an elevation of ten feet from the floor, 
had their complementary pair on the south side, allowing 
likewise for the free ingress of light by the west window, 
without transmission through a tower. The dim light, it 
may be, co-existed with additional protection from the 
weather, and with increased security to women and children 
finding a refuge in the house of prayer. An unstopped 

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NOTES OK AMBERLEY. 229 

portion of a north door forms an unsightly window, the most 
judicious treatment of which, and of the circumjacent wall, 
is a problem commended to ecclesiologists for solution. 

The Chancel^ Dallaway tells us, is divided from the nave 
^^ by a circular arch of a particular moulding, which is con- 
tinued on the soffit under the curve. This ornament occurs 
rarely, and that now remaining in the old conventual church 
at Ely, has been considered by learned antiquaries as of 
Saxon workmanship." In Grimm's collection, a drawing is 
given of what is designated ^^ a Saxon arch in Amberley 
Church." Mr. Sharpe says the church has a good Norman 
arch, of late date. 

We have alluded to the part assigned to Bishop Neville, 
in connection with the chancel. Its date is probably about 
1230. It was described, prior to the reparation in 1864, as 
a perfect and unaltered specimen of the architecture of the 
age. Constructional as well as documentary data indicate a 
chancel, or qua^i chancel, (possibly it may have been an 
apse), previous to the Bishop's operations. Among those data 
may be mentioned the quoins^ externally on the north and 
south sides of the chancel, with horizontal rough masonry, 
and some internal wall-work, beneath the level of the chancel 
floor. The question arises, whether or not from these quoins, 
an apsidal arc might have sprung, or a terminal eastern 
wall have run, in a right line. Again, the quoins might 
have been displaced, and worked up de novo, in their present 
site. 

Mr. Sharpe refers to the church, in illustration of the 
Lancet Period, from a.d. 1190 to a.d. 1245, remarking 
upon unaltered chancels of this period, especially in the 
western division of the county, as rather the rule than the 
exception. Amberley, Bosham, North Stoke, &c. "are a 
few of the many churches, which have the usual Sussex 
chancel. It has commonly three tall rising lancet windows 
in the east gable, which generally retains its original pitch ; 
these are separate on the outside, but, owing to the deep 
inner splay, contiguous." 

More curious than symmetrical was the development of the 
three eastern windows, prior to the alterations of 1864. The 
central window had, as now, the wider splay, the curtain arch 
being pointed and still more unsymmetrical than it now is. 

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230 NOTES ON AMBEBLEY, 

In each of the curtains at the side, the curve was consider- 
ably more depressed, and the crown was lower than in 
the central window. If we do not find sermons and history 
in these stones, they stimulate to conjecture and theory as to 
their date, and the influences at work in the dispositioa 
of them. Did the side curtains assume curves thus de* 
pressed and marked, in order that the central window, by 
its elevation, might be paramount above its fellows ? or was 
the mason, projecting stones from one or more windows 
of the original chancel into eastern space, constrained by a 
limited supply to economise his material, and to depress the 
arches in the plane of the inner surface of the wall ? The 
arrangement of the nine windows of the chancel has some- 
what of an arcadic character. 

Parts of a screen door, Perpendicular, remain to be worked 
up in the church. 

The South Aisle and Tower appear, says Dallaway, to 
have been added about the 13th century. The apex of the 
present roof seems to be about three feet higher than 
the original, as indicated by the weather-moulding of which 
a portion may be seen from the interior of the nave, below 
the wooden ceiling. 

''There are few churches," says the writer of " A Few 
Words to Churchwardens," " which have not lost much of 
their beauty, from their roofs being of a lower pitch 
than they used to be." Parochial economics at Amberley 
appear to have favoured an opposite procedure, and the 
substitution of a continuous expanse of roof for nave and 
aisle, instead of the two disconnected roofs, whose existence 
we deduce as a corollary. The bells are five in number, cast 
and hung in 1742 by Robert Catlin, as appears from Mr. 
Daniel- Tyssen's paper in our 16th volume. The diameter 
of the tenor bell is given, 31 inches. 

1 he Porch, at the south entrance, was built of flint and 
other stone, covered with Horsham stone, the like material, 
within the last twenty-five years, lying on the lower part of 
the south roof. It bore the date 1637. Its demolition took 
place on Whit-Monday, 1865, to make way for another since 
erected, more worthy of the pointed arch, and of the carved 
foliage, at the inner doorway. Some masonic discrepancies 
about the jambs of the arch are noticeable. 

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NOTES ON AMBERLEY. 231 

A brass-less slab, in two pieces, removed from the chancel, 
and some fragments of stone with lettering of, it may be, the 
12th or 13th century, have been worked into the pavement 
of the porch. 

A record of 4s. 9d., collected for A.mberley Church, at 
Maresfield, in 1721, appears in Suss. Coll., vol. xiv. 

The Font, of Norman character, with rude arcade orna- 
ment, was removed in 1864, from the west side of the west 
pillar. It was found to be in more than a dozen pieces, but is 
now an encouraging example of ecclesiological re-integration 
and conservatism. Stone slabs were introduced under the 
bowl, and at the base, and four cylindrical shafts of Purbeck, 
Petworth, or Forest marble, were substituted for wooden 
pillars. 

Mural Paintings. — Our Saviour, with the nimbtis^ sitting 
on the lap of the Virgin Mary, crowned, with an ecclesiastic 
below, is delineated on the eastern wall of the aisle. Purer 
and sounder teaching from the Word of God is developed on 
the right and left of the foregoing, almost the whole of the 
3rd verse of Revelations ix., being visible, and some portion 
of Hebrews, x. 23. There appears to be some sub-work of a 
Pre-Reformation date. On the south wall, a pleasing effect is 
realised by a few simple lines, depicting, it may be, the 
Salutation. A continuous curve serves for the eyebrows of 
two faces. Enough of textual writing, heads, and other 
accessories of art is indicated, and enough is obscured to 
stimulate the visitor's research and ingenuity. 

Of Consecration Crosses^ as they are supposed to be, two 
remain. Two, on the west side of the south door, one higher 
than the other, were obliterated in 1864. Another was to 
be traced on the pier at the S. W. of the nave. 

The dedication of the church is assigned by Mr. C. Gibbon 
to St. Michael or St. Paul. *^ By these extracts it appears 
either that the church had two saints, or that its dedication 
was altered between 1530 and 1556."^" Philip Cooper, of 
Amberley, in his will, dated 6th April, 1540, desires to be 
buried in the church of St. Michael, in Amberley, by the 

*< Dedications, &c , by Charles Gibbon, Esq., Richmond Herald, Suss. Col., 

vol. xii. 

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232 NOTES ON AMBERLEY. 

burial of Geo. Rose, there lately buried, bequeathing to the 
high altar, for his tithes and oblations forgotten, xiid.^ 
The Brass records — 

H'tc jncet lo^nts dastclt qnx obtit frix. bu loiraarii, ^imo ^waam iii.tcaj(itb., 
fOjoi BidotQ ptoptutnr $tiii. 

The figure reclined near the east window of the aisle, with 
the feet toward the west, but in 1864 the slab was fastened 
vertically, in a near locality. We are told that the deceased 
was of an ancient family settled here, and that two farms in the 
parish were called Wantley's " at this day," 1817, orcirca.^ 
This connexion with Amberley wants local corroboration. 
In Storrington, SuUington, and in or near Fittleworth, there 
are localities of the same, or of very similar orthography. " In 
bis dress we have an example of the surcoat, assuming the 
form of the habiliment commonly known as a tabard. The 
surcoat and tabard are, however, synonymous terras. Wantley's 
tabard bears. Vert, three lions' heads, langued Argent, repre- 
sented in enamel on the brass. The upper part of a shirt of 
mail appears about the neck, where uncovered by the 
tabard.''^ The arms are noticed by the Kev. Charles Boutell, 
as not repeated upon the sleeves. The armour, he says, is 
very good. There is authority for supposing that the brass 
was not enamelled, but that some resinous or other soft sub- 
stance was introduced for embellishment. A piscina is near, 
in the south wall. 

The Hour-GlcLss Stand is fixed in the north wall, near 
the site of the old and present pulpits. If such was the 
use, once, an accessory to the meteing of time, it is now 
a memorial of many lives run out, as with the priest, so 

•9 He dispofles farther of 2 oxen, 2 their oath, the latter say thnt John 

kyne, 2 hullocks of 2 year old, 1 feather Moner of Stretham, imprisoned at Chi- 

bed, 1 bolster, 2 pillows, 1 pair blankets, Chester, on account of the death of John 

I coverlet, 2 pair of sheets, 20 sheep, 6 de Wantelye, is not guilty of the said 

hoggs, a gown lined with cotton, *yen- death. Tt appears, however, that Begi- 

tyd " before with serge, a doublet and a nald de Bakewyse was bound to John le 

pair of hose. His wife, Sibil, was to Muner, in a certain sum of money, where- 

hold his lease in the sc»ath part of the fore he impleaded him in the hundred of 

farm of Amberley, while sole and un- Tirpenok, and caused it to be known by 

married ; on her death or marrying, the William de Holedenne and others npoa 

residueof years to W. and John Rose. — the country, upon which he was ad- 

(Will Office, Chichester.) judged (Judicattu, indieatutf) concern- 

^ A fort-friend, it may be, was John ing the death of John.— (Attached to 

de Wantelye, whose name occurs in an the King's writ to the Sheriff for the 

Inquisition at Chichetter on the Thurs- Inquisition.) 

day after the Feast of St Gregory, ^ Monumental Effigies of G. Britain, 

29 Edward L, before the Sheriff and by C. A. Stothard, 1817. 
Coroners of Sussex, by 12 jurors. Upon 



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NOTES ON AMBEBLET. 233 

with the people ; concomitant with many homilies, now,'a 
dumb preacher, it tells of wreck and changes, wrought ere time 
itself shall be no more. There is a stand at Houghton Church, 
and there used to be one at Bury. Were these homiletical 
checks necessitated by somnolent habits, due to Sussex ^' air, 
though clouded with mists and vapours which arise from the 
sea, yet is good and healthful." — Speede's Norden. 

The inside Measurements, from plan, appear to be approxi- 
mately as follows : — Feet 

Belfry 11 X 11 

Nave 40 X 26 

Chanoel 41 X 17 

Aisle 42 X 11 

By measure, the Porch is about 9 X 7.6 

Among the Reparations^ &c., of the twenty -five years prior 
to 1864, were boarded ceilings, in lieu of lath, reed, and 
plaster, to the nave and aisle ; the E. and W. windows of 
the aisle, in part or entirely opened ; new pavement in chancel ; 
white-washing and un- white-washing; restoration and, shall 
we term it, de-restoration. 

Among the works of 1864-65, are, with respect to the 
chancel, the cutting into it and the erection of buttresses at 
its N.E. and S.E. angles, the removal of plaster and rough- 
cast externally, the reparation and pointing of the N. and 
S. walls, the reparation of the roof and the exhibition of a 
plaster ceiling between the rafters ; the removal of a gallery 
at the W. end of the church, and of square pews throughout; 
the blocking up of a north window ; the erection of plain open 
sittings of fir, unstained and varnished ; of pulpit and rails ; 
the substitution of stonework instead of weather-boarding, at 
the east end of the nave; with the almost entire removal of 
the internal plastering. Such are some of the works which 
were carried out under Mr. Gordon M. Hills, of John Street, 
Adelphi, architect, and Mr. Robt. Bushby, of Little-Hampton, 
builder. A pavement in the nave, the aisle, and ^axX of 
chancel, of Minton's red, black, and buff tiles, of square, 
circular, and other more unique shapes, has been laid by Mr. 
England, of Bury Place, Bloomsbury, mosaic artist, the Rev. 
the Lord Alwyne Compton having furnished some effective 
designs.^ It has been permitted us to see the church attain 
a condition of marked improvement — a state more worthy 
of its high and holy purposes, partially developing the ideal 

" In 1864-65, works at the church to the amount of upwards of £800 have 
been carried out, 

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234 



NOTBS ON AMBERLET. 



of the House of God, as having all things decent and in 
order — as open, free, common to rich and poor, partakers of 
common flesh-hood and common blood-hood ; as set apart for 
a common service, from those who are blessed with the Book 
of Common Prayer, and upon whom lie the common duties of 
worshipping God, "in the beauty of holiness," and "in honour, 
preferring one another/' (1 Chron. xvi. 2 ; Rom. xii. 10.) 
A list of incumbents is an ecclesiastico-arch»ological item, 
for the transmission of which, from the collections of the late 
Mr. J. B. Freeland, I am indebted to Mr. Parsons, in the ab- 
sence, abroad, of Mr. Freeland's son, late M.P. for the City 
of Chichester. I take the opportunity of expressing my 
sense of the confiding friendliness of Mr. Freeland's suc- 
cessor in the office of Deputy Registrar, Mr. E. W. Johnson, 
when I have been allowed to prosecute researches connected 
with his department. 

AMBERLET V. 



DAT! 07 
▲DKI88I0N. 


nVCUMBKIITS. 


HOW TAOAKT. 


PATBOM. 


i4a2roofcV 18* 

i448*.'i^b.V' 
(Story'aViaitiL ) 

... ... ... ... 

1400. Mar. 8 

IMSrNw.s'" 
1611. Jane 20 
1614. Feb. 84 
... ... ... ... 

1619. Jane 26 
1626. May 82 
1668. Oofc. 8 
1660. Jnly 18 
1668. Jaly 21 
1698. Aag. 18 
1609. Oofc. 8 

i627*.Jaly24"' 

1696: Jaly'2 '" 


Boberfc Meere, cap. 
JohaFoaeU 
Almraid Pabfcok 
Henzy Wellya, LL.B. 

Dominna Johannea 

Bobert Hanyaon 
JolmAfckynaon 

William Bramley 
BiobardBarg 
Biohard Leg, cap. 
Biobard Smyth 
Henry Symonda, cap. 
Arnold Goldwith, cap. 
William Oockinge. Preab. 
Jonn Wbiteacrea 
Biohard Whifcakera 
John Soarborow 
James Hatohinaon, 8 T.B. 
Samnel Ebome 
Henry Manners 
George Hatohinaon 
John Wright, A.M. 


rea. Bobt. Meere * 
d«afch A. Pattok 

rea. Bobt. Harryaon 

dMth Jaa.'Aleiaato * ' 
rea. Wm. Bramley 

rea. Bd. Smyth 
rea. Hy. Symonda 
rea. Arnold Goldnvorth 
rea. Wm. Oockinge 
rea. John Whitakera 
rea. Biohd. Whitakera 
rea. John Rcarboroagh 

rea. Samnel Ebome 

d0Ath**GeoV Hatohinaon ' 


..» ... ... ••• 

TheBiahop. 

Theaame. 

fheaame. 

Theaame. 
Theaame. 
Theaame. 

Theaame. 
Theaame. 
Theaame. 
Theaame. 
Theaame. 
The aame. 
Theaame. 
... «•• ..» •"* 
... ... .•• ••• 

— 

Theaame. 




AMBEBLEY AND HOUGHTON. 




1701. Mar. 28 
1721. Got. 20 
1746. Jaly 2 
1796. May 6 

1840. Jane 26 
1840. July 17 


Bell Oarleton, a.u. 

John Hanley, m.a. 
/John Oharlea Fowell) 
lTafiieU,A.M. r 
( George Arthox Clark- 1 
laon, A.M. 5 


rea. John Wright 
death Bdw. lattleton 
death B. Oarlton 
death H. Peokham 

death John Hanl«y 
oeaa. J. C. F. TofiieU 


TheBiahop. 
Theaame. 
Theaame. 
Thenme. 

IheMuae. 
Theaame. 



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NOTES ON AMBKBLET. 235 

We are enabled to add the following as elucidatory : — 

Bishop Praty*8 Begister, 1448, reoords: *' Pleno jure speotantem tibi oonferimoB 
in tuitu oaritatiB, teque vioarium perpetuiim de oontinae ao penonaliter residendo in 
eadem, juxta formam et tenorem constitutionum dominonim Othonis et Ottobonl, 
quondam in AngliaapostoliciB aedis legatoram primitos juratum, institaimns,'* &o. 

Monday, 2d October, 1609.— Johannes Scarborough, vicar of Amberley, i^titiona 
to resign his vicarage, which is granted, and the living is declared vacant (Letters 
H.andG.,fol. 60.) 

Dniu H. Symonds Y. de Amberley non apparuit J>^^ Episcopus pronundavit 
eum contumacite and in poenA contumaoiaB, multevit in 12 denariis. (Bp* Sher* 
bome^s Begist. Visit, 1521. Vide Dallaway.) 

The Church Land is reported to be ^^ a piece of land called 
the Bell-Acre, the rent of which, it is supposed, was formerly 
applied to the purchase of bell-ropes and the repair of the 
framework of the bells of the parish church. By the addition 
of waste lands, under an inclosure act, it has been increased 
to 6a. Ob. 8p., and is now let out on lease for seven years, at 
a rent of £12 12s. per annum. There are no documents to 
show by what means this land came into the possession of 
the parish authorities. It is let by public tender, and the 
highest bidder takes it upon a lease for the above term. The 
proceeds are applied to the general expenses of the church." 
The land is now let for £13 a-year. The last of several 
trustees died in 1861. The property is administered by 
the churchwardens, subject to an audit at the parish meeting, 
the Charity Commissioners claiming a supervision. Some 
entries from a book, before quoted, bought by a church- 
warden, to keep the churchwardens^ accounts in, and to enter 
thebrie& collected, 1725, are of interest. 

''For Beer at the Ck>ronation £1. 5 ; for killing one foox S.2. 6 ; for a new Ohuroh 
beear, £1. 6; forVicatlon fees; collected by a Church book, £15. 18. 1742; Paid. for 
the Cannons of ye Church. Is.; gave 8 men in extremety, d6 ; a bill for iron worke 
about the Storks S.1. 10, Mr. boucher, for oloath for a cotten to the pue, S.2." 

There was formerly a chapel at Rackham, a field being 
called the Chapel Croft, on the east of Rackham farm house. 
In farming operations stones have been found, which pro* 
bably were remains of the chapel or its appurtenances. 

Parochialia.^ — The Vicar appoints one churchwarden, the 
parishioners one. 

^ Village Annals may, by a judl- accumulate. The introduction of local 

dous disinterment of facte worth know- matters, as to acreage, boundaries, church 

ing, kept above ground in a de- and parodiial measurements, soil, pio- 

partment of this kind, be made to sub- duce, inscriptions, genealogies, names, 



serve archsBological purposes, and oiher derivations, &c., into the village school, 

ends of a practical and useful na- might tend to interest and develop 

ture. Statistical, topographical, and rural wits, in a healthy and profitable 

archaic facts would often be found to manner. 



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236 NOTES ON AMBEBLET. 

By a declaration, sent in 1864, to the Incorporated Churcli 
Building Society, 7, Whitehall, the minister and church- 
wardens certified that they found twenty- six sittings, in the 
Chancel, appropriated to the Vicarage and two farm houses, 
held under lease from the lessee or lessees of the Lord Bishop 
of Chichester, and the whole of the remaining portion of the 
said Church, free and subject to allotment by the Wardens, 
according to Law, according to the best of their judgment. 

The Parochial Library of bye gone years, does not seem 
inappropriate for notice here. Thirty-one volumes, two 
imperfect, are extant, with dates ranging from 1691 to 
1728. A catalogue of the books of the Parochial Library 
of Amberley and Houghton, in the County of Sussex, for 
the use of the Incumbent thereof, for the time being, and his 
successors for ever, includes thirty-eight. On one book 
plate, St. John is depicted, with the Apocalyptic angel 
handing him an open volume, on which is inscribed, Apoc, 
c. X. V. 9. In the other hand of the angel is a scroll, with 
AcciPB LiBRUM BT DEVOBA ILLUM. Other accessories 
are an eagle and an open cabinet of books, with 
the letters S. G. in the corner of the plate. Another book 
plate represents Augustine, upon his knees, with an open 
volume at hand, and others, goodly looking, upon his book- 
case. The tradition is indicated, and the lesson to mark and 
read the proflFered boon is conveyed in the legend, tollb 
LEGE, enshrined among rays. Beneath, Vid. St Aug. 
Confess. Lib. 8, Cap. 12. The title-page of one of the 
works. Dr. Bray's Bibliotheca Parochialis^ Vol. !• 1707, 
indicates that he desired to perfect a design for ^^the 
forming and erecting Libraries of three degrees, viz., General^ 
Decanal or Lending^ and Parochial^ throughout Her 
Majesty's dominions, both at home and abroad." It is not 
improbable that in the early part of the last century, about 
the period of the formation of Amberley and Houghton 
into one benefice, this Parochial Library was started. 
In this collection we have " An Appendix to a small 
Parochial Library, consisting of some Tracts against Popery, 
proper to be provided for, and put into the Possession of 
Ministers of Country Parishes, to be lent to [by] them as thej 
shall see occasion, among the People," the promoter of the 
work, it appears, desiring to circulate among the Clergjt 

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NOTES ON AMBERLEY. 237 

Magistrates, and other persons of influence, such tracts, *' to 
peruse themselves, and to lend among the people, as a means 
to awaken them out of their Lethargy." The following list 
includes some sound and valuable reading: — Oluffe, Hole, 
and W. Archbishop of Canterbury, 1720, on the Church 
Catechism, KettleweU's Help to Worthily Communicating, 
Taylor's Two Covenants of God, Worthington's Charitas 
Evangelica, and Great Duty of Self-Resignation to the Divine 
Will, Sherlock on Divine Providence, Bishop Wilkins' Gift 
of Prayer, Enchiridion Precum and Ethicum, Comber upon 
Ordination, Blair's and Hopkins' Sermons, Disney upon 
Execution of Laws against Immorality and Prophaneness, J. 
Ardnii de Vero Christianismo, Apparatum Biblicum, A Folio, 
with AHen on the Two Covenants and Faith, Bray on the 
Baptismal Covenant, and Kettlewell's Practical Believer ; 
W. Allen's Select Discourses (imperfect) ; Collection of Tracts 
against Popery, Dr. Henry More's Works, 1708, (with an 
additional book plate of Harry Peckham, shield, crest, and 
motto, Tentanda via e8t\ Divine Dialogues, Franciscus 
Paloeopolitanus, 1713, Bibliotheca Parochialis and Spincke's 
Sick Man Visited. 1722. 

The Registers. — The first date given is 1560. Some of 
the entries are extra-official. 

1564. The same day [Dec. 7] were buried iij men y' were 
drowned by tempest. 

1577 ? The 27th day of Feb. was drowned Richard 
Campion buryed in the oxe brooks, the 17th of March. 

1620. Marie, y* d. of firaye Lucknor, was baptized, 
25^ Marche.* 

1630. Nicholas, sonne of Mr. ffray Luknor, was buried, 
25*»^ Jan. 

1632. The d. of Mr. ffray Lewknor, who died unbnp- 
tized, was buried, 14*** Aprill. 

1636. Edward Greene was buryed the l^ffebur, in the 
year (»f our Lord God 1626. He was 94 years of age. 

1718. Martha Grumbridge, an infant belonging to a 

^ Vide Pedigree of the Lewknor of Sussex." The fortunes of a fallen 

Family. By W. D. Ck>oper, Esq. Suss, house are, happily, not incompatible 

Coll. vol. IIL This family, *< now passed with things of more serious import and 

away," '* from the time of Edward I. to of greater worth, 

the days of Philip and Mary, oocupied Hla coat of arms, a tpctUu lifi; 

a very high position among the families ^^ Aomk Amti, Wb cre»t. 

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238 NOTES ON AlCBERLEY. 

travelling woman, was buried Ocf- 21". Mem*"*- I received 
no certificate in 8 days concerning her being buried in wool- 
len, of which I gave notice to the Parish Officers Ocf- y* 
SO***- Received a cert. [Dec. 3.] 

1725 Ann Morgan, a travelling woman found dead was 
buried March 22. 

1732. Widow Grearing aged 92 was buried. 

1737, July 29*** Cath~ Betsworth. (A mural tablet on 
the east end of the chancel, external, erected by her niece 
Mary Groom, states that she was the wife of Richard Bettes* 
worth, of WooUavington, Esq., and daughter of the Bey. 
Bell Carlton.) 

1728, May 27. George Parker, of Chichester, Esq., then 
took possession of Amberley Castle, &c. (He left two 
daughters, Ann, married to James Clayton, of Chichester, 
Esq. ; and Jane, married to Wm. Smith, of Droxford, Esq. 
Vide Burrell MSS., and Buck's View of the Castle.) 

Among the fees of this Church, to the Vicar, is, for 
churching, besides a cake, 6d. 

Edward Cruley gent, sonne of Richard and Elizabeth 
Cruley of [Cackham] was borne in Amberley castell, and 
there baptized in the chappell within y' said castell, by 
Thomas Sadly f, the . . . of December anno dni 1577. 
Edward Fenner and Richard [Tye] and Margaret Stevens 
witnesses, 1577. 

In the year 1724 was planted a small Yew-Tree directly 
opposite to the Porch of this Parish Church, taken out of 
the Vicar's Garden. 

On Sunday Evening, the 7th July, 1839, a very heavy 
tempest of thunder, lightning, and hail passed over this dis- 
trict. The lightning was extremely vivid, and presented 
an almost continuous blaze of fire. The hailstones were of 
unusually large size, most of them weighing half an ounce, and 
measuring 4^ inches in circumference, many of them 9 inches, 
all of various forms; but no injury was experienced further 
than the damage which conservatories could not fail to sustain 
from hailstones of such extraordinary size. 

Some of the preserves in the Archssological Manor have 
now been beaten ; our game-bag, not exhausted, has contri- 
buted to the cuisine arcliaique. As the material way of 
Amberley was described, by the Mastgr.^. o|^ the Revels in 



NOTES ON AMBERLET. 239 

Ireland, to Charles IT., as " a reasonable thoroughfare," so 
we hope that pen and ink have not outstepped their bounds. 
Capable of emendation as is the record, in spite of its short- 
comings, it may illustrate how well wrote one who bare office 
in the Court (^ Time : 

" The particular history of the fortunes and changes of any one noble family 
indiTidaalizes the events of general history ; and the rise or fall of any one lineage, 
even if humble, is perhaps &e dearest exponent of the progress and mutation of 
human affairs. So also, in like manner, the history of a county, a hundred, or a 
township, if properly investigated, disinters the most important facts with regard to 
the general state and condition of society, giving facts instead of theories, figures 
instead of surmises. **** 

Appropriating the words of Bishop Sherborne : 
Vale, Bone Lector — 

commingling grave and gay, our thoughts recur to the 
words of the song, in connection with the decadence of the 
Lucknor family, — "There is nae luck about the house." 
The euphony of the name is preserved as a Christian one in 
a family, a member or friend of which was wont to speak of 
" Cousin Lewknor/* In addition to this nominal memorial to 
the Lewknors, we understand that a metal dish extant in 
the family, bears their crest or shield. 

^ Sir F. Pa]graye*8 (Uepuly Keeper of the Rolls) Beport to the Queen, 1859. 

Orainationes. 



ADDENDA. 

Page 186, Note. — For Ambe, read Amber. " Amherley. Amhury. Mr. Gough 
Bays that the first term denoted any earth-works, and a Danish camp on Minchin- 
hampton Common is so called ; but Ambuiy is applied to an old Druid temple near 
Huddersfield, oo. York. The etymon of the first syllable is uncertain .^Fosbroke's 
Eneyc. of Antiq. Isah (t) a 2m. — The root of this word, which is still conunon in 
English poetry, is liegan to lie, and in all probability it originally denoted meadows 
lying fidlow after a crop." — ^Kemble's Ck>dez Dip., Vol. III. 

Page 188.— Gou£^*s Camden gives, tie, the **Empetium Nigrum, Black berried 
Heath Crow or Crake berries; on the brinks of the peat pits near the Weald 
brooks.** {SUj as regards absence of commas and hyphens.) 

Page 203.— i^tr, not to say of a seventh. 

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INSCRIPTIONS IN ALFRISTON CHURCHYAIlD-1865. 
TBANSCBIBBD BY MB. JAMBS BICHABDSON. 



SOUTH. 

''Saered to the memory of Jamu Rbbds, late of 
this pariah, who died 26 Joly, 1848, aged 6ft 



Ithiilifc 



'*In memory of Johh Wkbs, of thii iMulah, who 
departed this Ulb the 30th day of Morember,— 
aged 84 yean." 

<• In memory of Eus abrh, wiito of Rossbt Asami, 
of thiB pariah, who departed thia life the I4th 
day of Janaary, 1820, in the 88 year of her age.' 

** Sacred to the memory of Barbaha, wife of W. 
Adams, who died March 14, 1822, aged 42 years. 
Also of SroRBBK, their ion, who died April 9th, 
1817, aged 9 days. And of Sakah, their daughter, 
who died Jane 9th, 1822, aged 9 yean." 

" In memoir of CAnmum, the daughter of Elu a- 

BRH and Wnx. Vwall, who departed f 

April 14th, 1799, aged 8 yean and 4 moD 

''To the memory of WnxiAV Rorawiu., who de- 
parted this life May 26th, 1786, aged 96 yean. 
Also of Am, his wife, who departed thk life 
October the first, 1770, aged 79 yean." 

** Sacred to the memory of Thokas Rblp Mak- 
CHAMT, who departed this life September 17, 1886 
aged 87 yean.** 

*'Ia memory of Jonv MAKCBAirr, who died De- 
cember 10th, 1809, aged 76 yean. Also to the 
memory of Sarah, ms wil^ who departed this 
life 16th December, 1770, aged 86 yean." 

An ircm fiaU tunk into tkt abo9« keadsienB (to 
Jokn Marehani) duignad 6y lAs laf Mr, CharUt 
Ad€, ttfMiUon (kmrt Farm, 

** In memory of HnniT Rsm, of this parish, wheel- 
wright, a talented mnsiclan. Hedied21Pebniary, 
1828, aged 71 years. And of Sarah his widow, 
daughter of James Marchant. She died 81st of 
Mareh, 1889, aged 77 years. Also of Eluabbth, 
widow of Frahcu Howlbtt, of Hailsham, and 
the youngest danghter of the said Jamea Mar- 
chant. She died 10 Febmary, 1866, aged 90 
years." 

** Sacred to the memoir of Charus Bodlb, late of 
Milton Cottage, hi the Parish of Arlhigton, who 
died September 14, 1860, aged 68 years." 

** Sacred to the memory of Thomas Odson, late of 
this parish, Qent.. who died 2 Septr., 1838, aged 
77 years. Also of Jans, his wife, who died 6th 
Janry., 1837, aged 73 years." 



" In memory of Johh Matmahd, who died Jolr 
29, 1747, aged 82 yean. 

■* To the memoty of Rourt Bmnni, who '4led 
March ye 20th, 1764, aged 61 yn." 

"To the memoiT of Eusabrh Bdmos, vife tf 
Bobert Borgess, who died April 17, ins, aged 
723 



** To the memory of Edwabb Boou, who Oed 
December 9th, 1799. aged 62 yean. Abo d 
Four Infent Chndren of Edward and Ettsabetb 



"To the memonr of Elisabrb Bodu, irifc of 
Edward Bodle, who died Febrnaiy 2Dd, Xtn, 
aged 44 years.'' 

" To the memory of Jam, the daughter of Edvtfl 
and Elisabeth Bodle, who dted August 1, 17», 
agedWyrs." 

" In memory of Sahar BoDU, daughter of ElwHi 
and Elisabeth Bodle, who departed this Bfc JbI7 
16, 1804, aged 28 yean** 

**InmemoiyofHBHRT,son of Edward and Bbs- 
beth Bodle, who departed this life SeptaabcrSsd, 
1828, aged 40 years." 

** Sacred to the memory of lUwBnr Bonu. Son 
Sept 9th, 1768. died Jnly 21, 1884. Abo of 
CHARLom, relict of the abore, bom May Sad, 
1776, died Jane 28rd, 1868." 



** Sacred to the memory of ,_ .. 

danghter of the late Mr. Richard Ami, who died 
2nd December, 1860, aged 68 years." 

" To t^^e memory of Mast Baksr, widow of lol> 
Baker, who departed this life Jnfy llth, \T^ 
aged 44 years. Also three of their Infenti, near 
thia stone." 

" TO the memory of Mart, wife of Biohd. IhVi 
who died 10 April, 1804, aged 47 jmnT 

** Sacred to the memory of Amri BM>wiii,Iate ^ 
the Star bm, hi this place, who departed tfaii 
life 80 August, A.D. 1886, aged 67 yean." 

** Sacred to the memory of Elbamor, the daogbttr 
of THOMAa PuRTON Brook, late of GUntan,in tte 
Pariah of Seaford, and Sarah, his wife. Sli« 
departed this life on the Ist day of July, ISSC^ 
the 16th year of her age. Thia atone was erected 
by her wklowed mother, aa a moomfel tokai> 
maternal alfection for a bdored and only cbfld. 
In memory of Mrs. Sarah Bbook, who died 1M> 
Fcby., 1868, aged 67 years.*' 

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DTSCBIFTIONS IN ALFBI8T0N CHUBCHTABD. 



241 



" In memory of JoBv^na of JoBMud Samab Am, 
who departed tUa life December 19th, 1816, 
aged S8 jean. Alao fai memonr of GAXimm, 
wUb ot RicHD. KiM« Saxpoov, of Hallaham, Eaqr. 
(and widow of the above named John Ade), who 
died January the Uth, 1847, hi the 72nd year of 
hercgeL' 

" In memonr of Jom Ani, Teoman, who departed 
tUa life 21 October. )88S, aged 89 jrean. 

" In memory of Sabab, the wife of John Ada, who 
departed thia life 9 Korember, 1818, aged 02 
yean.* 

**In memory of Oaosas, aon of John and Saiah 
Ade, who departed thia life 99 Fet^., 1810, aged 
16: " 



* Sacred to the memory of Abduw Tatiob Cbiu>, 
■on of William and Mary Ann CMd, who died 
December 7th, 1860, aged 26 yean." 



** Erected by his aorrowlng tHenda, to the memory 
of WiLUAM HxMBT (the ddeat aon of Ckorge 
and Mary Ann) Acun, who met hia death by 
felling fhmi a cart, at Orlngdean. on the lat of 
Angnst, 1854. Aged 26 yean. * He bnmght 
down my itrength in my Jooniey, and short- 
ened my daya.' Paalm 1U9, yerae 98rd." 

"Sacred to the memory of Hbitt, the wife of 
JoBM BoDLB, Jnnr., who died 99 December, 
1892, aged 97 yean. Alao to the memory of 
WiuiAB, the ion of John and Hetty Bodle, who 
died 18 Noremher, 1899, aged 6 numtha." 



AUmrTombi, 

'* In memoryof Wiuiak Woodbavb, aon of Walter 
and Ann woodhama, late of Lnllington, who de- 
parted thia life April 18th, I82fi, hi the 78th 
year of hia age, much regretted by Uaftienda 



** In memory of Mra. Charity Woodhama, relict of 
William Woodhama, late of LnlUngton, who de- 
parted thia life 14th of Jnly, 1844, aged 78 yeara. 
She lired reapected tqr her rehuiona and ftienda, 
and died reiigned to the will of (3od, nnder a 
great aflUctioo.'' 

** In memonr of CUTBSBim, wife of RoBBBT FuLun, 
of Tarrtng-NeriUe, who died Feby. 97th, 1889, 
aged 41 yeara.'* 

** In memory of Roam Fuium, late of Tarring 
NeTiUe,whodiedJanry.2nd,1848,aged68yeara. ' 

** In memory of Amr, the danghter of Wnuc. and 
Cbaritt Woodbabb, who died Angnst 2nd, 
1790, aged 8 wedu. Also of Wixxiab their aon, 
who died Jnne 29, 1790, aged 9 yean and 96 
days." 

** AIM) of FBABcn, theh- danghter, who died Sep- 
tember 11th, 1801, aged 7 weeka and 4 daya. 
Ukflwiae of FaABcia, theta' danghter, who died 
December lOth.1806, aged 6 monthsand U dayn** 

" Hen Ueth faiterredthe body of Wouab Wood- 
babb, Ute of LTllington, who departed this life 
Decer. the 10th day, 1784, aged U yean.** 



BABB, hUe of Weatham, who dq^artad tUa life 
the.— day of— 1789." 

'*Here are depoalted the remaina of Walibb 
Woodbabb and Amr, hia wife late of LnlUngton, 
He \ M»A /Jnl7 20th, 1799,) .^^ (66,.,^ 
She i ^^ i Jnljr 16th; 1789; } ••^ 64 ^'"^ 
Alao near this place liethWAUBB, aon of Walter 
and Ann Woodhama, who died 1703, aged 9 



'HereUeth 
XVII. 



Intered the body of Waxxib Wood- 



' Sacred to the memory of Hbhbt, alztb aon of 
Waltbr and Sdbab woodbabb, of Lnllington, 
who died May 17th, 1868, aged 96 yeara." 

*In memoiT of JoBB Woodbabb, late of ArliqgtoD, 
BOO of Waiter and Ann Woodhama, of LnOingtan. 
He fer BOreral yean labonred nnder a Tery pain- 
ftal affliction, which he bore with great ibrtltnde, 
1799, hi ' -" 



the 46th 
age, mnch regretted by an hia ae- 



and dnmrted thia life let May, 
year or hia ai ' 

qnaintanoe.'* 

" In memory of CSatberuii Woodbabb, aplnater, 
late of thlB parish, who droarted thia life June 
7th, 1826, aged 64 years. 

* In memory of Fambt Woodbabb, BphiBter, Ute 
of thia parish, who departed thia life the Slat of 
March, 1818, aged 60 yean.** 

^To the memory of Kiuabbib, danghter of 
SranoATB and Mabt Bbookbb, who died tlio 
90 Jnly, 1791, aged 96 yeara.** 

'*To the memory of SraiBOAn Bbookbb, who 
departed thia life Jan. 9, 1810, aged 88 years. 
Also of Mabt, the wife of Springmte Brooker, 
who departed thia life Jnly 6th7l780, aged 48 
years.* 

"In meraoiy of Sabab, the wife of l^riagate 
Brooker, who departed thia life the 18 ^ly, 
1748, aged 90 3 



'* Here are deposited the remafais of Tbobab Lucas, 
and DoBOTBT, his wife. 

'To the memory of Bobbbt Lucas, late of this 
pariah, Gent., who departed thia life Jnly 10th, 
1769, aged 48 Tears. Also of Mas. Mabtba 
Wabbbb, wife of Thoa. Washer. late of Seaford, 
Eaq. (and alater to the aboTo Mr. Lncaa), who 
dmaxtedthia life Feby. 96th, 1771, aged 66yearB. 
Ukewiae of TBoa. Locab Wabbbb, aon of wUlm. 
Washer, of Seaferd, Esq., and Jane hia wife, who 
departed thia life 4th Jnne, 1776, aged 6 months 
and 91 daya.** 

'Sacred to the memory of Mr. Ricbabd Nbwbab, 
who died Angtt. 26Lh, 1796, aged 42 years. Alao 
of Maa. Sabab Nbwmab, who died Jnly 6th, 
1817. aged 68 yeara.** 

' Sacred to the memory of Ma. Jobb Kidd, who 
departed thia life 97 November, i806, aged 64 
years. Also of Mas. Amh Kidd, his wife, who 
died 6 October, 1806, aged 66 yearai Alao of 
three Sons and one Danghter, children of the late 
John and Ann Kidd, who died hi their taifeney." 

** Sacred to the memory of Ma. Robkbt Nbwmab, 



yeoman, of Alfiiston, jirho died Febmary Irt^ 

Mary, wife d 

AprO 80, 1826. aged 70 yeara.' 



years. Sacred to the memory of 
Mary, wife of Mr. Robert Newman, who died 



2 H 



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242 



INSCBIFTIONS IN ALFBISTON CHUBCHTARD. 



Flat atoMt, 

*' In memonr of Sasab, relict of the late Bdwabd 
ScRAiB, of RfaigmeTp in tUJB coaDt7, who died In 
this parish December SOth, 1859, aged 76 years.** 

** Sacred to the memory of SnpHBir, third son of 
PsTiB and Harrut Paodzk, of Dean** Place, 
who died llth Jany., 1845, a^ 4 years and 6 
months. Also of F^br, sixth son (rf the ahoTe, 
who died 10 of Morr., 1846, aged 9 months.** 

Flat T^ombi, 

** Sacred to the memory of Hxiibisra Louisa 
FAmrr Oodddt, only danghto' of Alfred and 
Frances Oodden, of this place, who died 8 of 
Angost, 1849, aged fire years. Also of Axabkt 
Hbmbt Goddbw, their only son, who died 4 Jany., 
1850, aged 2 years and 8 months.** 

"Sacred to the memory of Isabbixa HAiouxr, 
second daughter of Gborob and Babbaba Pbttbt, 
of this parish, who died 27 Deer., 1849, aged 9 
years and 8 months.'* 

Tablet, on tki Wett Watt ttfOiM Sffuth Tra$uept' 

** In memory of Elibabrh, eldest danghter of 
William and Jamb Banks. Pom 8ra July, 
1826. Died 9th September, 1854." 

Tablets on the South Watt<^tkt South Tratuept. 

** Sacred to the memorr of Mr. William Bbookbb, 
and of Mabt, his wife, late of this parish, whose 
remains are deposited In a Tanlt under this 
tablet. 

He died June 21, 1827, aged 63. 

She died AprU 20, 1880, aged 64." 

'* To the memory of Cbarlbs Spbimoatb ; 
Esq., late of Bunt House Farm, who 
this life on the 12th of May, 1851, aged 49 years. 
His remains are deposited In a yault beneath 
this tablet. Also of Ellbn Bbookbb, daughter 
of the abore, who departed this life on the llth 
of December, 1889, aged 11 months. Of Hbmbt 
Bbookbb, his son, who departed this life on the 
9th of September, 1840, aged 4 months. And of 
Eusabbth Natlor Bbookbb, his daughter, who 
departed this life on the 9th of July, 1842, aged 
6 years and 6 months.** 

IkMettomthe Eatt Watt <^the South Tra$u^. 

*' In memory of of Jom Smblumo, late surgeon of 
this pariah, who departed this life 6th Novr., 
1791, aged 65 years. Also to the memory of 
Fbamobs Smbllimo, his widow, who died 2nd 
Feb., 1814, aged 81 years." 

** Sacred to the memoir of Sabab EuzABBra, 
eldest daughter of Wiluav and Mart Arm 
Child, who departed this life May 16th, 1868, 
aged 82 years. Also of Edward, son of the 
above WilUam and Mary Ann Child, who died 
June SO, 1850, aged 34 years." 

"In memory of Fbawk Oscar, the beloved child 
of Jambs and Chabitt Richardson, who died 
7th April, 1858, aged 8 years and 10 months.** 

** In memory of Wx. Frzmch, of this pariah, sur- 
geon, who died 5th June, 1778, ageil 82 years. 
Also of Naomi, his wife, who died 10 March, 
1817, aged 75 years. And of Naomi, their 
daughter, who died 2iid Novr., 1810, aged 88 
years.** 



ToMeUomtkB South WM^ihtOmA 

" Sacred to the memory of Hbbbx PAOvni, kte tf 
Frogtlrle, In this parish, yeoman, whsdepsted 
this life Augt Srd. 1847, aged 67 jtut. Ysm 
Trattom, who died Sept 5th, 1858, aged 1 veir, 
only child of James William and thelateCfavlottB 
Fagden, of Frogflrle." 

'*Iii memory of Obobob PAODBir, late of Doty, 
2nd son of Thomas and EUxabeth Paste, of 
Alfriaton, who departed this life Nor. lOtfa, l&M. 
aged 45.** 

EAST. 



" Sacred to the memoiy of Wxluam DRAT,Uteo( 
this parbh, yeoman, who died Jamury \% 1831, 
aged 51 years.** 



"In memory of Josm Faww u i m o s , of Deaa^ 
Phuse Farm, tai this parish, who died OB tite IM 
of Julv, 1858, fl-om fa\)ui1es recetred ty a M 
Ihmi his chaise, on the 23rd dsy of the bbbb 
month, aged 65 years.* 

** Sacred to the memory of Sosak, the irife of 
Chablbs Elus, who departed tUs life ted April, 
1857, aged 70 years." 

FUUSUme, 

« Here lletb the body of RicHAjm Wood, vhoda- 
parted this Ufe the 28 of May, 1789, aged- rean. 
In memory of Amm, the wife of Jon PiTot, 
.FVMnMr, wife of the aboue-said Bichsrl Wood, 
She died August the Uth, 1757, in the 57th jtfr 
ofher«geL* 

ToNate M tht Ka$t WattofChmetL 

** To the memory of Mr. SrarHBw Wood, lateof 
this parish, who departed this life 8rd of Sep- 
tember, 1798, aged 71 years." 

*' To the memory of Mbs. Jamb Wood, the vtfeot 
Mr. Stephen Wood, of this parish, who deptfted 
this life August 8, 1792, aged 70 yeva." 

** In memory of John Bbook, who died Fetey. tte 
29th, 1777, aged 77 years.*' 

** In memory of Sarah, wife of John Brook, vbo 
died June llth, 1765, aged 59 years.** 

*<In memory ofWALTBRBRO(MK,8Qaiof Johsaad 
Sarah Brook, who died Oct Uth, 1185, Is tfee 
40th year of his age." 

" W. S. oh. 1776, sat. 61. M. 8. 6h. IIBO, aat H.' 

*<In memory of Mr. Jour Bbook, who dtod » 
April, 1766, aged 61 years.** 



NORTH. 

JitedafoMs. 

''Here lleth the body of Samuk F¥rhbb, wto 
died November ye 18, 1706, aged i» years." 

'* To the memory of Hammah, the wife of Jfl0 
Smith, of this pariah, who, after tnstalTitng a 
pataiftil illness with Christian fertitode, mUgm 
her soul into the hands of her Creator, on tte 
18th of May, 1795, in the 84th yew of her aga, 



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INSCBIFTI0N8 IN ALFBISTON CHUBOHTABD. 



243 



iMTing a diaeonulat^ hndxuiA and tana inftnta 
to lament her Iom." 

** In memory of Cktbas Vibrxll, who departed 
this life 11 Norr., 1827, aged 76 years. In 
memory of Hart, the wife of Oephaa Virrell, 
who departed this life Hay 19th, 1830, aged 70 
years.'^ 

" Sacred to the memory of Jorph TicmuBar, who 
departed this life Angnst 31st, 17M, aged 61 
years.'* 

"In memory of Hart, daughter of Taos, and 
CHABLom Hilton, of this parish, who died Nor. 
7th. 1798, aged 6 years. Also of Hkbbixt, 
their son, who died JiUy 15th, 1797, aged 4 
years." 

" Here lleth ye body of SAirasL Ftbmxb, who died 
Norr. ye 13, HDCGVL, aged M years." 

**In o^aeMMMfs rememhnnoe of Exilt Hart 
Pbbbb, faiihat and only daoghter of Samdil and 
Krdbah Dbaimiam, of Eastboame, who died 
July 31. 1863. 

* Oh ! not in cruelty, not in wrath. 

The Reaper came that day ; 
It was an angel tislted the earth* 
And took this flower away.* 
R.Franda, 

Eaatbonme.** 

*'To the memonr of Hrwrt Lowxr, who was 
Clerk of this Parish 43 years. He died Jnly 
15, ine, in the 73nd year of his age.** 

** Sacred to the memory of Williav Lowib (third 
son of Heniy Lower, of this narlsh, and fUher 
of liniliam Lower, of Lewes) who died at WlnUm 
Street, 1st Norember, 1784, aged 44 years. This 
stone is erected by the only sorriTlng grandson, 
as a trlbnte of respect to the moral worth of 
his ancestor, 1885." 

*' Here rest the mortal remains of Jom Lowbr 
(second son of Henry Lower), Parish Clerk of 
this place 18 years, and the first person who 
nart^ted the Cockmere RiTer to Alfristoi]. He 
died 3lBt Angnst, 1801, aged 66 years. Also of 
Hart, his flnt wife, who died 13th AprQ, 1768, 
aged 86 years. Left issue fenr children. Uke- 
ynae of Sarah, his second wife, who died I3th 
January, 1885, aged 87 years. Had issue etoven 
children. 

First Familt. 
Hkcht, drowned at Newhaven, 10 April, 1708, 

agedSSyearsL 
HAiofAH, ob. coelebs, Seaford, 18 Hareh, 1791, 

aBt39yrs. 
JRISB, otalit Brighton, 11 Deer., 1816, set 63 

years. 
Samdsi., oUlt oodebs, of smallpox, St. Itss, 

0>mwall, 16 Hay, 1789, aged 21 years. 

Srcomd Familt. 
Hart, bb. 19 September, 1814, aet. 43 years, bur. 

here. 
CiiAia»s,ob.TlTerton, Devon, 6 Jan., 1834, nt 63. 
Thokas, Ob. Brighton, 38 June, 1837, let. 58. 
Ltdia jRKDfA and BxDBiif, Ob. intents, bn. here. 



DiRAH, ob. Pr ston, 8 Harch, 1840, let. 61 yrs. 

BlCHARIS 

Josrra, 
BaiuAMnr, 

Ltdia, wife of Joseph Lower, died 23 August, 
1834, aged 66 years. Buried here.'* 



JBoO. 

**To the memory of Thomas Bobsrt, who died 
October 15th, 1798, aged 81 yeara.'* 

Tablets on tht Boat WaUiif the North TramtQH, 

'* To the memory of Richard Outs, son of Richd. 
sod Haiy Olive, who died 10 June, 1794, aged 
34 years." 

" To the memory of Hart, wife of Rich ahd Ouvb, 
who died 39 June, 1806, aged 63 yrs.'* 

Tablet on tht West WaU itftke North Trmuept, 

** Sarah Sotrr, daughter of Jsmes and Hary 
Soper, died April 12th, 1791, aged 30 years." 

No Ineeriptiom on the wett, 

Thewholeof the ImeHpUont to thU point are 
oiUside the Church, 

IN THE CHANCEL. 

Flat Stones. 

^'Here lyeth interred ye body of Hr. Robbvt 
North, minister of this place 45 years, who died 
A.D. 1709, aged — 

** Here lyeth ye body of Has. Joar North, widow, 
buryed30ofJy.,1671.*' 

" To the memory of Sosaw Crosbt, who died July 
30th, 1800, aged 8 years.'* 



IN THE NORTH TRANSEPT. 

Flat8tonee» 

* Here lyeth Wiuiax Hrrrt Chowh, match'd 
away in his hifency, ye 36 of Hareh, 1747." 

uq ir 

Thoilb Chowmr, Armigerl et dllectlssimie sua 
coiUugis EUsahetiMB. ObUt hie 19 Julii, atatis 
STue4& . . . eodem ehen infeustoOctobris die ^L 
Sa Eodem(i'Fe(do)a]i Anno HDCLXXXVIIL" 
'Tho. Chowmx, fliins unicus superstes optiina 
u^trlq'parentl moerensposuit A D. HDCXCVIL*' 

< Here lieth the body of Phrbb Chowns, the wife 
of Thomas Chowne, Esq., of this parish, youiu^ 
daughter and co-heir of William Westbrook, eImi., 
of Ferrlng. in ye Ooonty of Sussex, who departed 
this life ye 17 day of Deoemr., aged 81, Anno 
Domini 1718." 

^ Here Ueth 1nter*d the body of Thohas Ctowrr, 
Esq., who departed this life the 16th day of Sep- 
tembr., 1734, aged 45 years." 

Tablet on the East WaU ttf the South Traneept, 

"In memorlam Hbnrt, only son of Thohas 
Frkdehick Saroer, of this psriah, surgeon, who 
died at Moorsbool, Australia, November 32nd, 
HDCCCLlX.,aged 19 years. * Thy will be done,'** 

SOUTH TRANSEPT. 

FUU Stones. 

" Here lies inter'd the body of Wm. Gtus, Qent., 
who departed this life Jan. the 4th, 1719. aged 
76 years." 



2 H 2 



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244 



mSCSIFTIONS IN ALFRI8T0N CHUBCHTABD. 



* Eitn Uekh IntflraA the UOjoi Wuiam Gtim, 
jTDlor, ektet wm of Wm. Gylai, Senior, he d»- 
pttteA this life je ftrd day of Sept. ITM, aged 
S9 7eenL'' 

« In memory of Wnuiif Batcbslob, JTnkir, wha 
died May Srd,17M, aged MTewi. AlaoTnoiua, 
•on of Wm. Batchelor and of Ann hla irttb* He 
died May IMh, 17U, tai the tnd year of hii age.*' 

* In memovy of IfAsnu, the wUb of WHllam 
Batchelor, Bhe died Noom. the ft, 17», aged ftl. 
Here also Heth the body of Wk. Batcbblob, 
Senior, who departed thia life Deer. 21, 1762, 
agedfli.** 

* To the memory of Wiuuam Batcbblob, Ute of 
this paiWi, Oeat., who departed this life j^irfl 
the 16th, 1788, aged 80 yean." 



Df THB HAYS. 

TWti cm tktaotOhWaa^ikBSmM. 

"To the memoty of UenL-OoL RAMftT 8KTn;flf 
the 66th Lt. Infentry, who died at Sentari, Nov. 
88, 186*, from a woond reoetred at the BattiB of 
Inkerman.agedUyear8L KrectodbyhiBhivChv. 
the Tlcar of thto pariah." 

roftM en Iftf iTsra ir«a iir As JTms: 

" To the memory of Lleiit Habkt Skrm, of the 
6Bth Regt, who died hi the Crlme« fhn ferer, 
March 14th, 18U, in his fOth year. Bewwtfae 
son of the late UeaL OoL Hany Smytti, of the 
same Begtanent, and grandson of tin HonUo; 
and Ber. Edmond Knox, late Lord Biskap of 



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NOTES AND QUERIES. 



CONTENTS. 



1. AntiqaitieB at Iford. 

2. Edmund Langdon, of Battle. 
8. The BTershed Family. 

4. Sussex donmera, 

5. The Sorase Family. 

6. Dnmgewick. 

7. Horstod Panra. 

8. Oratories. 

9. Mural Pahiting, Keymer Church. 

10. The8hiffherFamily,of OoombePlaoe. 

1 1. Seals of the Chuieh of Chichester. 



12. Ancient Coins. 

18. NurembuTg Tokens. 

14. Sussex Tokens. 

15. Celts and Roman Urns. 

16. Lower Beeding Celts. 

17. Honoris Comitis de Augo Tenentes. 

18. Sussex Tradesmen's Tokens, 17th 

Century. 

19. Tokens found at Hastings. 

20. Cinque Ports* summons to Yarmouth 

21. Newton Tombstones at Southover. 



1. Antiquities at Ifw^d. 




possession. The inscriptions are : 



Mrs. Rosseter, of Iford Manor 
House, has favoured me with the 
loan of a yery interesting bronze- 
gilt fragment of a crucifix, found in 
digging foundations for the house 
known as Oatlands, upwards of forty 
years since. It is of excellent art, 
apparently of the 14th or 15th cen- 
tury. The l^s haye been broken 
off, and the hands are also missing. 
From what appears, the latter may 
have been of a more precious mate- 
rial than the remainder of the 
statuette, and attached by means of 
some kind of cement. 

At the same time four massive 
gold posy rings were discovered, 
and they are also in Mrs. Bosseter's 



1 



" Qod doth foresee what's best for me.** 
2. ** Remember J. W.*' 
8. *' Wilst lif^ is myn, my heart is thyn.*' 
4. ** What God hath sent mak mee coutent." 



Makk Anioky Lower. 



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246 NOTES AND QUERIES. 

2. Edmund Langdan, of Battel. 

Can any reader of onr Collections gire me information respecting ikm 
gentleman ? He is mentioned in a yolome of Manuscripts among the re- 
cords of the Ashmolean Moseom, Oxford, as the writer of an astronomical 
work, of which the following is giren as ihe title : 

" Speculum Flanetarunij 

or plaine Tables, whereby the Planet gOYeming 

the Bignes ascending at one instant is 

easily knowne in any hour of the 

day or night, with the pleasant 

and profitable use thereof; 

Compiled and collected by 

Edmund Langdon, 

General Practitioner in Astronomy, 

and Phisicke, 

1610." 

That the Author was a resident of Battel appears from his address "to 
the Reader," which thus concludes — 

" And so wishinge all good and happiness to you, and to all them that 
feare God, I end this short Epistle from Battel in Sussex, this tenth day 
of December, 1610. 

Your's in the Lorde, 

Edmund Lanodok.*' 
E. T. 

3. The Evershed Family, 

I am desirous of obtaining information as to the history of the above 
ancient West- Sussex and Surrey family. 

The present generation of Sussex Eversheds are supposed to be 
descended from a family of this name long settled at Evershed's^ a 
manorial residence, at Ockley in Surrey. Aubrey, in his history of tiiat 
County, mentions five generations of Eversheds residing upon the estate 
in succession during the 16th, 17th, and the earlier part of the 18th cen- 
turies ; one of whom was actively instrumental in promoting a petition in 
Surrey against the execution of Charles L ; and another, probablj the 
last niale owner of the family estate in Surrey, was Sheriff of that Gountf 
in the year 1710. On the doorway of the eastern wing of the manor 
house die date 1600 is carved, indicating that this part of it was added to 
the much older mansion by John Evershed, who was bom in 1587, and 
died in 1666. 

A member of the Sussex branch of the family now residing at Uc^- 
field, possesses, in its original quaint old case, the richly illuminated grant 
of arms " to John Evershed, of Evershed's in the panish of Ockley, near 
Darking, in Surrey;" dated March 11th, 1696 (9th of William ITL), 
together with the certificate of Sir Arthur Onslow, setting forth to the 
Earl Marshall the hereditary claims of the Evershed family ^'without 



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NOTES AND QUERIES. 247 

break of oontinnitj ** to sncli arms, and his Orace^s orders thereon ; also a 
small parchment scroll, on which the arms themselves are duly emblazoned. 
Beneath is written : " The armes and crest of John Evershed, of 
Erershed's, in the County of Surrey, gentP ; son and heir of John Ever- 
shed of the same place, gent°." The grant is signed by Sir Edward 
Bysshe, Clarenceux. The same gentleman has also a snudl portion of a 
quarto book, entitled, '< On Roman Antiquities," which is stated to have 
been compiled "for the use of Abingdon School;'* on the fly-leaf of which 
is written '' John Evershed his Booke, Anno Dom: 1669;*' making it 
probable that he was educated at that school. The date of the book is 1661. 

That the Sussex Eversheds were descended from the Surrey family 
is inferred partly from tradition, and partly from the circumstance of the 
earlier members of this family being found to have been resident in the 
parishes of Sussex which immediately border on that portion of Surrey in 
which Evershed's is situated. Richard, the first of the Sussex Eversheds 
of whom we have any knowledge, and who is supposed to have been bom 
in or about the year 1690, making him contemporary with the last male 
heir of the Surrey Eversheds, lived at Slinfold. Of his sons Richard, the 
eldest, did the same, but subsequently removed, first to Nutboume, and 
afterwards to Pallingham, both in Pulborough, and the greater number of 
their descendants to the present time have continued to live in different 
parts of West Sussex. 

The point I particularly wish to ascertain is, in what way Richard, 
the earliest member of the Sussex, was connected by relationship with 
John Evershed, the last heir male of the Surrey, Eversheds ; for that they 
were so connected does not seem to admit of much doubt. 

Tradition states that, in default of heirs male, the Surrey estate fell to a 
female, named Ann Evershed, and that she carried it by marriage to a 
gentleman of the name of either Witt or Steere ; and that from this Ann, 
the family of Bushby, formerly bankers at Arundel, were descended. This 
seems to be confirmed by the fact that after the death of Miss Bushby 
of Qoring, the last surviving sister of the banker, which took place not 
many years ago, and who inherited the family property, among iJie things 
in the house directed to be sold, were many Relics of the Surrey Ever- 
sheds, and among the Books a Bible, with the name of Ann Evershed 
written in it. This Bible mighty and, in accordance with ancient family 
custom, probably did, contain some authentic information, if not a direct 
Pedigree of the family. Who the purchaser of this Bible was, I have been 
unable to ascertain. But should this query meet his eye, any information 
he may be pleased to furnish me with from it, touching the history of the 
Evershed family will be most thankfully received and acknowledged. 

Edwabd Turner. 



4. Sussex Coroners* 

The following extracts from the Close Rolls are interesting, as show- 
ing how, when inefficient officers of this kind were elected, they were dealt 
with, during the fourteenth century. 



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248 NOTES AKB QUBBISS. 

John de Eroele (Emley), one of the Coroners for Snseex in 1843, 
being fonnd inefficient, another was ordered to be elected by the Ccmtj 
in his place. (Bot. CL 17ih Edward UL) 

Six years after this, viz., in 1349, lliomas de Pelham, one of the 
Coroners for the same County, haying been reported inefficient, it wu 
ordered that, should he upon enquiry be found to be so, he be remoTed, 
and another elected to the office. (Ibid. 23 Edward UL) 

In its selection of another of these officers, the County appears to hive 
been equally unfortunate; for in the year 1378, John Apsele, (i^«7) 
one of the County Coroners, proving himself to be inefficient, he too wis 
ordered to be remored, and another Coroner appointed in his stead. (IbkL 
2 Richard U.) 

E. BiBDOV. 

5. The Scrase Family. 

In my account of this ancient and highly respectable Sussex fiumlj 
giyen in Vol. V III. of our Collections, I declared my inability to dificorer 
whom Richard, the son of Tuppin Scrase of Blatchington, married, (See 
p. 10, and genealogical table No. 1.) In a genealogical table of the 
same family, No. in., p. 16., I have stated Cordelia to be the Chiistiin 
name of the wife of William Scrase, who was first of Ditchling, and 
afterwards of Pyecombe, not then knowing her maiden surname. I hare 
since been informed by the Rev. Edward Turner, that they both married 
Turners of Oldland. It appears from a pedigree of this funOy 
in his possession, that William Scrase married Cordelia — or Cordiall, as 
she is there called — the tenth, and Richard Scrase, Elizabeth, the nin^ 
teenth, of the twenty-two children of Thomas Turner, of Oldland, gentle- 
man. The will of William Turner, the fifteenth member of this patriar- 
chal family, who married Anne Boniface of Blatchington, and is described 
as of Newtimber, names Cordiall Scrase as his sister; and Richard Toner, 
the eldest, who succeeded his father in the Oldland estate in 1681, moi- 
tions in his will, John Bysshe and William Scrase as his brothers-in-Uw. 

Mark Antony Lower. 

6. Drungewick. 

This Manor, which is in the parish of Wisborough Green, originallj 
belonged to the Cell of the Norman Abbey of Seez, in Arundel; bat 
came into the possession of John de Clymping, fourteenth Bishop of Chi- 
chester, in 1256. Here he built a house, in which he, and his successors 
in the same See, occasionally resided; and also a chapel for their particoltf 
use, in which an Ordination was held by Bishop Praty in 1404. Here 
too he established a Staurum, or store for cattle, from which meat of 
diiSerent kinds was supplied for the use of the Episcopal household. The 
following is a list of the cattle kept in store here in the last year of Hemy 
III. (1272). 252 Oxen; 100 Cows; 10 Bulls; 8150 Sheep; 120 She- 
Goats ; 10 He-Goats ; and 10 Horses. This staurum was kept up until 
the year 1560 (2. Elizabeth), when it was discontinued by Bishop Barlowe 
as a store, and the whole property demised by him on lease for liTes. 



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NOTES AND QUERIES. 249 

7. Horsted Parva. 

The following singular record occurs in the Reg. Episc. Reade, folio 22. 

In the year 1406, a licence was granted by Bishop Robert Reade to 
the then rector of Horsted, authorizing him to celebrate Mass, and to 
perform the other services of the Church, notunthatanding his having lost 
one of his fingers. 



8. Oratories. 

The following are also taken from the same Episcopal Registers. 

In the year 1898 Bishop Robert Reade granted a license to Gilbert 
Hamme, and Margaret his wife, to have Mass, and other divine sernces, 
performed in the Oratory of their House at Withyham. 

And in the year 1409, the said Diocesan granted a licence to John 
Pelham and his wife, to choose for themselres a fit and proper person, as 
their Priest and Confessor, to administer the Holy Eucharist, and to 
perform Mass in the Oratoiy or Chapel of Perensey Castle, and in their 
Manor of Laughton. 

E. T. 



9. Mural Paintings^ Keymer Church. 

In my article on the mural paintings in Westmeston Church, I yen- 
tured to urge upon Archceologists the necessity of carefully watdiingthe 
restorations of our Parish Churches, lest valuable historical evidence should 
perish unnoticed. 

It certainly requires much patience and labour to free mural paintings 
from the coats of plaster and wMtewash, with which it was the custom of our 
ancestors to cover them ; but when restorers take the necessary pains, they 
will generally find the paintings beneath in such a state of preservation 
that &thfnl copies of them can be taken, even if it is not possible to pre* 
serve the pictures themselves. 

In this instance, we have to thank the architect and restorers of Keymer 
Church, for the care which they have shown in bringing to light some 
portions of the paintings on these walls. 

In the nave, on the western face of the chancel arch, are three figures in 
trefoils, one crowned, the other two female figures, with ringlets ; these 
are rather coarsely executed in red and bnff colours. The chancel arch, so 
far as the plaster has been removed, has the soffit covered with a buff 
coloured pattern of lozenges inscribed in squares. 

The singular apse of Keymer Church is familiar to Sussex archaeologists ; 
it is round the walls of this apse that the more remarkable paintmgs have 
been discovered. 

They are on two surfaces, the npper series of course being the latest. 
Of these there remain two triangular fragments ; the one on the north side 

xvn. 2 I 



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250 NOTES AND QUERIES. 

of tlie altar has a yellow ground, diapered with parple spots in tiireee at 
regtdar interrals ; the figures are four Saints, each marked by a Dunbiis, 
approaching a female figure, who has also a nimbus — the hands of one 
figure are joined in the attitude of prayer. 

On the south side of the altar are several figures bearing a bier; one 
of them has a book in his hand, and another in fnmt wears a red cope. 
A zig-zag pattern, between two lines, runs above the picture, and sxmt 
ornamental brickwork reaches up to the plate. 

It is the opinion of the architect that the apse was formerly gnHned with 
chalk, and that the arches which can be traced in the walls were radelj 
filled in when the groining fell out of repair, and that a timber roof was 
then substituted for the groining. 

If this be the correct architectural history of the chancel, the lower, and 
therefore the earliest, series of paintings was probably executed when the 
arches were filled in. 

In their present state, we can only say that they are on a red ground, 
and that a horse or mule, with a long leading rein, is to be seen on the 
south wall. As the works proceed more will probably be laid bare ; in the 
meanwhile the Committee have thoaght it right to communicate this dis- 
covery to the members of the Society, who may desire to see the paintings 
before they are covered over, and to inform them that copies have beoi 
taken, and that they will be published in the eighteenth volume of oar 
collections. 

C. n. Campion. 



10. The Shiffner Family^ of Coamhe Place. 

1 gladly avail myself of this early opportunity of rectifying a mistake 
into which I regret having inadvertently fallen, when giving in my aocoimt 
of Hamsey, in the preceding part of tins Volume, an account of the abore 
family, as the principal residents in the parish. In speaking of the iasoe 
of Sir Gfeorge Shiffiier, the first Baronet, I have there stated that he had 
three sons, and four daughters ; and I did not discover until it was too late 
to amend my error, that Sir Qeorge had /bur sons ; and that the son I hare 
omitted to notice is Thomas ShiSher, Esq., of the Bocks, Uckfield, the 
seventh of the family, and the youngest of the four sons, who was bom 
August 8th, 1796, and was for some years a Groom of the Privy Chamber 
in tibe Households of William IV. and our present Queen. He married 
Frances, one of the daughters of the late James Brown, Esq., of Hare- 
hills Grove and Bossington, both in the County of York ; by whom he ha 
two daughters. He received his academical education at Christ Qinrdi, 
Oxford, and is a Justice of the Peace for the County of Sussex. 

B. Chapiuk. 



11. Seals of the Church of Chichester. 

The following accounts of two of these Seals is taken from the 8as)e 
book of pen and ink drawings in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, to wfaidi 



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NOTES AND QUERIES. 251 

I hare alreadj alluded in referring to the Seals of Battel Abbey, m the 
paper with which this Volnme commences : 

" Sigill : Simonis de Welles 
Epi Cicestr' 
. DEI . GRACIA .... 

The Bishop is in his habit and crozier, holding up the two fingers of 
his right hand. 

Reverse . 

lA . GRA . PLENA . DNS 

The Virgin Mary is represented as sitting with Christ in her lap. 
In the margin is " 8. Cicestr'." 

To this is added the following note, 

''This is one of the 8 seals, which were fixed to a writing— with 
William 11., Bishop of London (besides G. Roffen: E. Elyen: M. 
Wygom : with two others, whose seals are effaced) and H. Sarom." 

'' Now whereas 'tis manifest the instrument was made immediately npon 
the death of Hubert, Archbishop of Canterbury, who dyed 1205, and in 
the lyfe of Hen. Marshall, Bishop of Exeter, who dyed in 1206, (for he 
was one of the Bishops that sealed this instruments yet I find not in 
GodwinJTDe Pnesul.] that there was any H., Bishop or Salisbury neere that 
time. For Hubert, Bishop of Salisbury was translated to Canterbury 
1198 ; (and is the Hubert, after whose death this instrument was made). 
To him succeeded Robert, (but Godwin says not when he dyed) and next 
Richard Stoane, who was remored from CSuchester hither, Ao. 1217. So 
that this Henry is entirely omitted by Godwin." 

The name of Richard Stoane is not to be found in the list of the Bishops 
of this Diocese. Ralph Warham, the eleventh Bishop, was elected in 
1217, upon his predecessor, Richard Poore, who was elected in 1215, 
being translated to Salisbury. Stoane then is doubtless a mistake for 
Poore. 

The description of the second seal is as follows, 

« . . . CICESTREN8IS . ECCLE . 

A figure of a plain building, turreted, haying a star on the right side, 
at the top ; and under this the inscription: 

TEMPLVM . IVSTICIE. 

The Reverse, 
EGO . SVM . VIA . VERITAS . ET . VITA. 

Christ sitting extending both his hands upwards." 
In the margin opposite to this seal is written, Ricardus Steward, 

2 I 2 



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252 NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Decanns Ecclin Cathedralis BcL Trinitatis Cicestren, et ejasdem eoclic 
Gapitolnm. 28 May, 1634. 

E. T. 



12. Ancient Coins, 

Two coins of a somewhat muisnal character hare lately been foimd in 
Maresfield and its neighbourhood; one of gold, and the other of silyer; one 
English, and the other Scotch ; and both in an excellent state of preser- 
ration. 

The gold coin was found by a labourer engaged in remoTing a hedge- 
bank in the part of Maresfield which is near to Piltdown. It is about the 
size of a modem sixpence, and rery thin. On one side of it is a shield oon- 
taining the aims of France and England, quarterly, within a Rose; from 
which circumstance the class of coins to which it belongs is usually called 
^' Bose-nobles ; " the arms being what is designated in Heraldry Seme-dt- 
/m, and not stinted to three as in the Rose-noble of Edward lY. On one 
dde of this shield is a rose, and on the other a radiated star, or perhaps 
a representation of the sun. Above it, where the crest is usually placed, is 
an E, the initial of Edward, the coin belonging to the third Ejng of this 
name ; and at the lower point of the shield is a cross. Around this is the 
legend — 

X EDWARD : DEI : GRA : REX : ANGL: 

Over the shield is a Crown occupying a place at the commencement of 
this legend. On the reverse is a Gross fleuri-leoneux, the four lions, one 
in each comer, being passant; and around the Gross are inscribed the 
words — 

" EXALTABITUR : IN : GLORIA." 

Rapin, speaking of these coins, says that they are indispntahlj 
the first gold coins, and are so beautiful and rare, that they merit the 
esteem of Medals. 

The Scotch coin, which is about the same size as the preceding, was 
found in Buxted, somewhere near the Tanyard. On one side of it is a 
bordured shield with a lion rampant upon it, the bordure being ornamented 
with fleurs-de-lis ; around whidi is inscribed, 

"• IAC0BV8 : 6 : D : G : SCOTORVM : 1601:" 

which is two years before he ascended the throne of England. And on the 
reverse is a thistle crowned, with the legend — 

• . . . . 10 VA ; PROTEGIT: 

where the dotted line is, a small part of the coin is broken away, render- 
ing the inscription imperfect. 



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NOTES AND QUERIES. 253 

13. Nuremhurg Tokens. 

While on the subject of coins, I will here mention that several Tokens 
of this kind were found a few years ago lying together in a field at Waldron. 
They differed in one or two important respects from any I had ever before 
seen ; and many have at different times passed through my hands, their 
discovery being of frequent occurrence in this County. Those to which 
I am now alluding, instead of having the three Crowns alternately with 
three fleurs-de-lis around a kind of Mullet on one side of them, as has 
been the case with these tokens in every other instance that has fallen 
under my observation, have, occupying this space, the bust of a man 
with his head cased in a helmet, and his shoulders clad in armour. The 
inscription too upon them is rather more full than is usually the case. 
Tokens of this kind will be found to differ in the material of which they 
are made. Of three now lying before me, one is of brass, and two of 
copper. The brass token is about as large again as either of the other 
two. The inscription on one side of this, which is equal in size to one of 
our florins, but much thinner, is 



HANS • 8HVLTE8 • NOR." 
and on the other — 

• GLICK • KVMPT • VON • GO. 

in letters of unusually large size. This token was found concealed in a 
hole in the beam of an old house in Fletching ; and consequently is as 
bright and perfect as if fresh from the die. OF the other two, one is al- 
together without inscription; and the other, which is one of those found at 
Waldron, has on one side-— 

" • GLIC : KVMPT : VON : GOI : I8TWA:" 

and on the other^ 

« • HANS : SHVLTE8 : ZV : NVREN." 

The reason why so many of these tokens are found in this County, has, 
to me, never been satisfactorily accounted for. The most plausible con- 
jecture which has been advanced on the subject is, that they were brought 
to this country from Germany, for use as current coin in our monastic 
establishments. But are they of sufficiently ancient date for this 7 Their 
chief place of manufacture was Nuremhurg ; and hence the name by which 
they are known to Antiquaries of " Nuremhurg Tokens." The number 
that have been found in all parts of Sussex is quite marvellous. 



14. Sussex Tokens, 

In the month of August last year, a Tradesman's Token was found in the 
garden of the White Horse inn, Rogate, by Mr. Chapman, the landlord. 



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254 NOTES AND QUERIES* 

It was of copper, and of about the usual size. Around one side of it was 
THOMAS AYLWIN, with the initial letters A. J. R., in a circle m the 
centre; and on the other side, OF MIDHURST IN SUSSEX, with the 
date 1657. Considering the time it probably had been under ground, it was 
in an excellent state of preservation. Aylwin is a name of considerable 
antiquity in Western Sussex, and still occasionally to be met with, parti- 
cularly about Midhurst and Chichester. In 1341 Reginaldus Alewyne was 
one of the Jurors in the Nome Return for the pari^ of Nuthurst The 
name is of Saxon origin. From the Domesday surrey we learn, that in 
the time of Edward the Confessor, Alwin held lands in Storrington, and 
again at Offham near Arundel. 

Another token has been sent to me by Mr. Walter C. Renshaw, which 
he informs me was recently found in the garden of a cottage on his father 8 
estate, called the Rookery, in Keymer. It Lb of the colour of brass, and 
doubtless made of mixed metal; having in its con^)osition a small 
quantity of copper ; the two metals being so badly mixed, that one or two 
unamalgamated portions of copper are very conspicuous on one ade. 
The inscription upon it is very imperfect, from its worn state. With the 
help however of a powerful microscope I make out the name on the obTerse 
side to be GEORGE FLETCHER, and the date in the field 1669. 
On the reverse, which is the side most effaced, is IN LINDFIELD; with 
the initials G. F. in the field. 

E. T 

IS. Celts and Roman Urns. 

For the following account of the discovery of some bronze Celts and 
two Roman Urns, one perfect and the other imperfect, in West Sussex, (an 
engraved representation of one of each of which is here given), the Societj 
is indebted to the kind consideration of Mr. A. H. Perry, of the Rsiliny 
Terminus, Brighton, without whose intervention in their behalf thej 
might not have been brought under the notice of its Members. Is 
speaking of the places where these interesting relics of antiquity were 
found, and the circumstances which led to their discovery, Mr. Perry, in a 
letter to me, dated December 5th, 1864, says—" The Celt '' [He allndes 
to the one which he sent me] " and the Urn, which I believe to be a 
specimen of Roman Pottery, came into my possession in such a manner « 
to enable me to speak with confidence of their genuineness. When I exhi- 
bited them to you about a month ago, I promis^ to send you all particulars 
of the way in which they were brought to light, with a sketch of one d 
the Celts, and of the perfect Urn. I am now happy to inform you thst I 
have succeeded in procuring from the quarter whence the first came another 
specimen of these Celts, which enables me to forward one of them to yoQ 
instead of the promised sketch, for your inspection and acceptance. The 
enclosed, and the one still in my possession, are two of eight fomid bj a 
workman in the employment of Messrs. Jackson and Bissett, the Con- 
tractors, whilst engaged in making a necessary cutting on tihe Bamhaffi 
and Bognor Railway. The spot where they were discovered is situited 



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NOTES AND QUERIES. 



255 



about half a mile from the jonction of this with the Brighton and Ports- 
month Railway. When foond, they were lying in a cluster about thirty 
inches below the surface of the soil, in a layer of sand and clay. The Celt 
I have, and the one I now send you, were presented to me by Mr. Jackson 
of the before-mentioned finn. 





*< The Urn, or Roman fictile vessel, of which I send you a sketch, is one 
of two which were discovered by a workman employed by the Railway 
Company, under my superintendence, whilst engaged with others in ex- 
cavating ballast in the parish of Rumboldswyke, near Chichester. The 
Urn from which the drawing is taken is in my possession, and in a very 
sound condition. The other was so completely smashed by the fall of earth 
which exposed them to view, that my endeavours to restore it were fruit- 
The two were probably alike.*' 

Mark Antony Lower. 



16. Lower Bteding Celts. 

On the 14ih of October last year some workmen engaged in draining a 
field near the bottom of the hill on Willis's farm, about a mile from Lower 



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256 NOTES AND QUERIES* 

Seeding church, between Handcross and Horsham, threw out with tJie 
earth six fragments of bronze Celts. These fragments weighed ooUectiTely 
21bs. 4^z. They consisted of three handle ends, imperfect, and irr^:Dlar)y 
broken. In form tiiey are yery similar to the Gelt foond by the Yen. W. 
B. Otter, Archdeacon of Lewes, on the glebe of Cowfold, and described 
in the second Tolmne of the Sussex Archaaological Collections, p. 268. 
The Lower Beeding Celts when found were lying at the depth of aboatSO 
inches below the surface, in a drifted soil. The edges were rough and 
sharp. When scraped the metal was of the colour of copper at one paitt 
and of brass at another. The soil where they were foond shewed signs of 
a fire having been made tiiere ; bat no other remains were diaooTerei 
They are in the possession of Mr. W. Egerton Hubbard, of SL Leonard's 
Lodge. 

The appearance of a fire having been made on the spot where these 
fragments were found, seems to indicate that Celts were manufactured 
there, and that these fragments were imperfect ones, and broken up as 
useless. 

T. R. T. 



17. Honoris Comitis de Augo Tenentes^ 

WILLIBLMUS DE KAYNE8. 

For an account of the ancient Family to which this William belonged, 
see VoL 1, p. 128. 

BOBSRTUS PEVBBSLL. 
OALFRIDU8 DB SANCTO LBODBOARIO. 

The ancient seat of the 8t. Legers was at Ulcombe in Kent, in iht 
Church of which parish several members of the family are buried. ^ 
Robert de Sancto Leodegario came into England with tiie Conqueror, a&ii 
there is a tradition in the family that he supported Duke William with 
his hand, when he disembarked on the Sussex coast in 1066. Their Unk 
are mentioned in Domesday Book. Fuller tells us in his Guirdi 
History, that Guy de St. Leger was appointed by William I. Assistant 
Knight to Adelmere, one of the Monks of Ely. 

WILLIAM DE BATLOL. 

The lands of this Tenant were held by him, subject to his finding oi^ 
Robe for the Earl yearly. 

PBTBUS DB SGOTNBT. 

This tenant held nine Knight's fees and a half, upon condition that be 
performed the office of Standard-Bearer to the Earl, wheneTer he migbt 
call upon him to do so ; and found one Knight out of the Rape to attoid 
upon him. 



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NOTES AND QUERIES. 257 



ROBERT DE BA8TINQ8, 
BIMON DE STCHTIKHAH. 

This Simon had seyen Knight's fees and a half. He was the Earl's 
Steward, for the Rape of Hastings. 

HUGH DE PEPLESHAH. 

This tenant held Crockham, subject to the service of finding a ship for 
the ose of the Sari and his Countess, whenever they might wish to cross 
the sea. 

D. R. 

18. Sussex Tradesmen's Tokens, 17th Century. 

GILLES WATTS of— in the field, within a shield a crowned figure. 
Rev. BATTELL IN SUSSEX— in the field G*W. 

The author of the Sketch of the services of Sir Henry Hart, K.C.H., 
London, 1854, speaking of Sir Henry's having been bom at Uckfield, has 
the following note on p. 5. : — 

" A short time smce, two coins were found ; one in the Church while 
excavating for a vault ; the other in digging a river — ^both bearing the name 
round the rim, << John Hart, of Uckfield, Sussex, 1668." ' 

William Figo. 



19. Tokens found at Hastings, 

A fisherman a short time back brought me two tokens, which he had 
found on the beach after a storm ; one about the size of sixpence is of copper, 
witJi the arms of Oreat Yarmoutib, on a shield, surrounded wit6 the words 
'^ For tiie use of the poor;" on the reverse, the arms again repeated, and the 
inscription " Great Yarmouth." Previously to the reign of Edward III., 
tlie arms of Yarmouth were three herrings, but dimidiated with the royal 
coat, as a mark of special favour for services rendered to the King in his 
wars with France. Thus Yarmouth became possessed of that extraordinary 
dimidiation of half lions and half fish, similar to the arms of the Cinque 
Ports, half lions and half ships. The small coin is not unconmion in Hast- 
ings, arising, no doubt, from the great trade formerly carried on between 
this town and Yarmouth. 

The other is a half-penny token — " John Wilkinson, iron-master." In 
the field, John Wilkinson's portrait. 

Rev. : Interior of a foundry with a man at work with the large hammer, 
under (1787), edge of the token the words " Bradley Willet, Snedshill— 
r. e. sham" — the last word 1 cannot fully make out — otherwise both coins 
are very perfect. John Wilkinson must have been one of the latest of our 
Sussex iron-masters. 

Thomas Ross. 

xvn. 2 K 

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258 



NOTES AND QUERIES, 



20. Cinque Ports* Summons to Hastings. 

In Vol. XII. I gave some extracts from the Journal of Thee. Lake, of 
Hastings, one of the Bailiffs of the Barons of the Cinque Ports to Great 
Yarmouth, during the time of the Free Fair of 40 days, date 1588,— tlie 
Cinque Port Baitiffs having joint jurisdiction over the affairs of the town, 
with the Bailiffs of Yarmouth. At the first court held after their arrival, 
a jury was sworn, composed of men of Yarmouth, and men elected and 
sent from the Ports. I have lately come into possession of an original 
document of 1653, which clearly shows the mode by which thej were 
summoned together, and it is as follows : — 



Tarmootfa. 



Ferdmando Baasett 
Tho:Gpeenfeild. 



^tehiStrd} Sergeante at White Bodde. 

These are to will and require you and either of you : Uiat 
one of you doe f orthw*^ wame the sev'all p'sons whose 
names are hereunder writen, enquest men for the Graqae 
ports two ancient towns and their members, to be & vppe^n 
at the Court of the keepers of the libtie of England by 
auihoritie of Parliament to be holden, before us, & the 
Bayliffes of great Yarmouth, in the Toll house there to- 
morrowe morneing, being the first day of Ootober, ateig|kt 
of the clocke, then and there to enquire of all such matters^ 
&, things as shall be given them in charge whereof you 
may not faile at yo*" pMlI. Dated at Yarmouth aforesaid not 
onlie under our hands but also under our aeele of Office of 
BalUvage this last of Sept 1658. 



Willm. Dighton of Hasting swome 
Gilbert Waters of Yarmouth swome 
Bobto Phillip of Hasting sworne 
Tho : Hurrell of Yarmouth swome 
Ck)ckerell Harwood of Dovor swome 
William Bell of Yarmouth sworne 



Tho : Hall of Dovor swome 
Bob : Eaton of Yarm sworne 
Willm. Qates of Rye sworne 
Tho : Herring of Yarm swome 
Tho : Weller of Bye swome 
Willm. Trotter of Yarm swome 



The Ivory Seal of Office of the Bailiffs is lost, and every impresaioii of 
the same. The Yarmouth chest has heen searched in hopes of finding one, 
but unsuccessfully. A last resource is the waste->paper chest at Bonmey ; 
if found it would complete the Seals of the Ports. 

Thomab Ro«8. 

21. Newton Tombstones at Southover, 

In Vol. ix. of the Sussex Archaeological Collections, pp. 312 to 342, b 
a paper on the family of Newton, of Southover, by T. H. Noyes, Esq., 
junr. In that article the descent of the family is deduced from the New- 
tons of Newton in Cheshire, from a younger branch of whom the great 
philosopher, Sir Isaac, is supposed to have been descended. At page 338 
William Newton, the founder of the Sussex line, is stated to have been bom 
in Cheshire, and to have settled at the Priory of St. Pancras, Southover, 
Lewes. In that parish he was living in 1544, and there he was baried 
April 20th, 1590. According to Mr. Noyes's genealogical tables this gen- 
tleman, who held the office of Steward to the celebrated statesmen, Tho nas 
Sackville, Lord Bnckhurst, and Earl of Dorset, Lord Treasorer to 



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NOTES AND QUERIES. 259 

Qneen Elizabeth, and a well-known poet, was twice married : first to the 
daughter and co-heiress of . . . Emley, of the Manor of Emlej's, in 
Brighthelmston ; and secondly to Alice, daughter of Pelham or Pelland. 
From the first of these matches sprang the Newtons of East Mascalls in 
Lindfield; and from the second, ihe Newtons of Southover, who from the 
year 1572, when William Newton built the mansion called Southover 
House, down to 1860, when Mrs. Mabbott, nee Newton, the last of the family, 
died, were continuously resident there. Lord Buckhurst had built, upon a 
part of the site of Lewes Priory, a mansion called Dorset House. That honse 
having been casually burnt down, his Lordship did not rebuild it, but gave 
his steward, Mr. Newton, materials from the ruins, wherewith to build him- 
self a house, which until within the last few years has been known as 
Southover House; subsequently as Southover Priory; and now as South- 
over Grange. This house, which remains pretty much as it stood nearly 
three centuries ago, cannot fail from its venerable appearance to strike 
•very visitor to Lewes, and it is, in fact, nearly the only really ancient 
mansion in this picturesque old town. A back view of it is to be found in 
Mr. Noyes's paper in the volume above-mentioned. 

Subsequently to the death of Mrs. Mabbott, the house has passed into the 
hands of Captain Charles Wyndham, who, with the natural and laudable 
curiosity which actuates the purchaser of a new home, inspected the nooks 
and comers of the property. Among the several curious things which his 
investigations brought to light were two mortuary memorials, which turned 
out to be the tombstones of two of the Newton family. The first of these 
is a slab broken in half, with an inscription almost obliterated, but upon 
which the following fragmentary sentence can be read : — 

Hebe l'eth William Newtok 

ESQVIB. WHO MABBISD JANB 
ErNLET DAVaHTER OF WiLL 

lAM Jambs 

OF May. 

The remainder cannot be deciphered ; but what exists is quite sufficient 
to prove that the stone once covered the mortal remains of the builder of 
the house. It now covers a well in the garden. Capt. Wyndham is of 
opinion that the other half of this stone may still be seen near the west 
end of the nave of Southover Church. 

The second stone is under a pump nearer the house, and is thus inscribed : — 

Here lieth Eliz 

ABBTH ELFIOK W 

1FE OF Thomas 
Elfick Geiit, de 

CEASED AND DAV 
OHTEB OF WiLLLAM 

Newton Gent db 

ceased aged 81 

3 Mabch 1636. 

Prom a pedigree in my possession, drawn up by my friend William 
Courthope, Esq., Somerset Herald, it appears that Thomas Elficke, jurat 
of Seaford, who was buried at that place 28th Sept., 1613, married 
Elizabeth, daughter of William Newton of Southover next Lewes, Gent. 

K 2 K 



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260 NOTES AND <2U£RIES. 

She made her will 14th October 1622, and it was proved 8th March 
1636. This fixes the identity of the lady beyond all qne^^tion. 

The query naturally arises — How came these stones to be foand 
in unconsecrated ground? — a question upon which it is difficult to specu- 
late. An old inhabitant of Southoyer remembers having seen them on 
the premises fifty years since, but has no tradition respecting their remoTsl 
from the Church, where they must originally have been placed. What 
renders the existence of these memorials here the more remaiitable 
is, that several inscriptions to more recent members of the family are 
still to be seen in the Church. It is also very singular that the late Mis. 
Mabbott, with whom I had many conversations respectang the hooEe, 
family, &c., notwithstanding her great love for relics of the past, should 
never have mentioned the tombstones. I cannot but think she was 
unaware of their existence. 

I shall be much obliged to any Member of the Society who will suggest 
a probable reason for their being found in their present position. 

Mark Ahtomt Lowek. 



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INDEX TO VOL. XVII. 



Abbeys. See Battel, Edmondsbury, 
Fescamp, Giestein, MarxDOutier, 
Robertsbridge, Saint Albans.^ Pri- 
vileges of mitred abbeys and abbots 
21. 

Abergavenny, Johanna Lady, property 
inherited by, 88. See Bei^gavenny. 

Abinger family, 66, note 5. 

Acres, Hugh de, trust assigned to, 148. 

Adams family, mortuary inscriptions, 
240. 

Adams, Biohard, subsidy assessment. 85. 

Ade, Chas., monumental design by, 240. 

Ade family, mortuary insoriptions, 101. 
240, 241. 

iEdelstane, ** Gemotte,** held by, 71. 

Affode, or Afote, Robert, subsidy 
assessments, 84. 

Agstman [Eastman] Simon, Pevensey 
baron, 66. 

Alciston, Battel Abbey possessions in, 
24. 27. 54. 

Aldingboume,earIy presentations to, 1 07. 
Bishop Story's bequest to the church, 
200. See2\b, 

Aldingboume Manor, 191. Foxes there, 
iffidnote, 

Aldon, Thomas de, and daughters. 78. 

Aldrish family, monumental inscription, 
102. 

Aleman, Ric. Pevensey baron, 66. 

Alexander, James, incumbent, Am- 
berley, 284. 

Alford, Thomas, Henry, and Sir Ed- 
ward, M.P's for Lewes and Arundel, 
81. Result of Sir Edward 8 espousal 
of the royalist cause, 81, 82. Other 
members of the family, their inter- 
marriages, &c, 82. 

Alfriston, Battel Abbey rents in, 54 

Alfriston church and churchyard, 
mortuary inscriptions in, 240—244. 

Allarde*B croft in Battel, 20. 

Allen, Lucy and AVilliam, mortuary 
insqnptions, 101. 

Allen, Wm. jm White, Wm. 



Almonry, Battel Abbey, its separate 
possessions. 19, 20. 

Alta Ripa, William de, his claim against 
Bishop Neville, 191 . Present form of 
the family name, ibid. 

AiCBERLhY, its Castle, Chubch, etc, 
by Rev. G^rge Arthur Clarkson, 
H.A, vicar, 185—289. Extent of the 
manor ; population, acrrage, &c. of 
the parish, 185. Its various names, 
adjacent towns, village aspect, &c, 
186. Mr. Lower and other writers on 
its etymology, 186 note. 239 note. 
**Amerly Trout" and the High 
Stream, 187. Fish Tattle of an old 
water bailiff, ibid note 4. The Wild 
or Weald Brooks, their products, and 
local significations of the term, 187 — 
189, and nota 5, 6, 7. The Cattle: 
Mr. Bloxam's discriminatory remarks, 
189. Amberley under Saxon rule, 
189, 190. Holder and tenants of the 
Manor in Domesday, 190. Episcopal 
owners, temp. Henry I, and John and 
Henry III, 190, 191. Medieval seal 
found in the author's garden, 192. 
Evidences of Bishop St. Leofardo*s 
residence at the castle, 192, 198. Al- 
lied building by Bishop John de 
Langton, ibid. Grant of a market 
and fair, 194. Poachers on the 
Warren and Chase, iHd, Bishop Wil- 
liam Rede*s architectural achieve- 
ments and bequests for furthering the 
same, 194—196. Bishop Robert Read 
in residence here, 197. Domina 
Seynte Johan*s vow of chastity, ibtd. 
State and ecclesiastical documents 
issued hence, 198. Escape of a felon 
parson from prison here, and conse- 
quences thereof to the bishop, 199. 
Powers granted for emparking, creneU 
lating, machicolating, dec, 199. Over- 
flowings of the sea and claims there- 
from arising, 200. Bishop Story's 
bequest to tibe church, ibid. Bishop 
Sherburne's tenure of the castle, 200, 
201. The Queen's room, 201. Story 



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INDEX. 



of the ancient pictures, snggestions 
for their restoration, &;c, 202—209. 
Question as to their painter, date, 
style of art, &c, 209-213. A " bold 
theory " and a " mythic record " oon- 
ceming them, 213 — 215. Amberley's 
last episcopal resident, 215. Need for 
a highway board, 216. Water bailiff s 
swan-marking fee^ and fishery duties, 
216, 217. Apocryphal tale of the 
storming of the castle by Parliamen- 
tarians, 217. The castle sold by the 
latter to a London merchant, 217, 

218. Enumeration of lands from the 
deed, 218. Petition of a Lewkenor, 

219. Depositions against a sturdy 
royalist, 220. Successive holders of 
the castle and lands : Butlers, Bris- 
coes, EUises, Peacheyc, and Harcourts, 
221 — 224. Particulars of Rental 
(1783) 224 note. An lehnographlc 
Stroll about the Castle, 224—228. 
2 he Church: nave, chancel, porch, 
kc, 22b— 230. Font, mural paintings, 
consecration crosses, 231. The Wan- 
tele brass the hour glass stand, &o, 

232. Restoration works (1864—65) 

233. List of incumbents, 234. The 
Church Land, why called the Bell- 
acre, its rent, &c, 235. Items from 
the churchwarden's book, ibid. Con- 
tents of the parochial library, curious 
bookplates, &c, 236, 237. Noteworthy 
extracts from the registers, 237, 288. 
Remarkable hailstorm, 238. Final 
observations, addenda, &o, 239. 

Ambrevs, John, Rye baron, 125. 
Amundesham, Adam de, presentation, 

106. 
Andrew, Robert, trust vested in, 76. 
Andrews, Lancelot. Bishop of Chi- 

Chester, swan -mark payments by, 

216. 
Anglo Saxon coins, parallel to a device 

on, 113. 
Anglyngle, Battel Abbey rents In, 54. 
Ansel m. Archbishop of Canterbury, 11. 
Ansty, Battel Abbey rents in, 54. 
Appledram, Battel Abbey possessions in, 

26. 27. 54. 
Apsele(Ap8ley) John, why removed from 

the Sussex Coronership, 248. 
Apsley, Henry, Cinque ports difTerences 

referred to, 154. 
Apsley, Sir Allen, 154 note. 
Arblaster, John, early presentation, 106. 
Archers and Arrows, supplied by Sussex, 

117. 
Armorial bearings. Alford, 83. Bat 

tel Abbey, 52, 53. Bridger, 91. 

De Clynton. 78. De Say, 75. Hast- 
ings (Bailiff of), 66. Lewknor, 81 . 



Mille, otherwise atte Mulle, or atte 
Mulne, 110. Rivers, 89. Rye (port 
of), 64, 65. Septvann, 59. Shiffner, 
92. Shore, 98. Tettersel. 92. Wea- 
ham, 98. 

Arnold, Robert, Rye baron, 125. 

Arnold, Stephen, subs. ass. 58. 

ArtijEans' wages, temp, H. Ill, 143. 

Arun, old bridge over the, 109. 

Arundel, early presentatiooa, 107. 

Arundel College, brothers ordained to, 
199. 

Arundel forest, 120. 

Arundel swans, 216, 217. 

Arundel, Alianora, bequest by, 78. 

Arundel, Beatrix countess o^ (icMPor 
assigned to, 83. 

Arundel, earl of, right of wreck rested 
in, 148. 

Arundel, Richard, earl of, his oomplaintB 
against poachers, 120. Himaelf a 
poacher, 121. Hunting lioenae grantod 
to him, ibid. His penance and peace- 
making with bishop St. Leofardo. 
192, 193. 

Arundel, Thomas, earl of, dlvimoB of 
the estate of, 83. 

Arundel, William, earl of, <8Mp. Kiag 
John, 73. 

Ashburnham, topographic referenoes to. 
169. 

Ashbumham. earls of, 61. 

Ashbumham, John de, temp. Edv. II, 
q)oliation of the woods of, llf. Pay- 
ment to him by Edw. lU, Mdj npt* & 

Ashbumham, John, temp» Chaa. I, nar- 
rative by, 169. 

Ashbumham, Sir l^illiam, Biabop of 
Chichester, lease granted to 8ir J. 
Peachey by, 224. Term, rents ice. 
ibid note. 

A«hdon, Mrs, Sussex martyr, 165. 

Ashdowne Forest, 121. 

Ashford Tithing, 185. 

Ashmole*s museum, Oxford, Battel 
Abbey seal in, 53. 

Aslacke, William, presentation, 105. 

Assheherste, Thomas, Battel Abbey 
lands demised to, 29. 

Aston, John, vicar of Seaford, 160, 

Aston, William, presentation, 106. 

Atkins, John, disparked abbey laads 
leased to, 83. 

Atkynson, John, incumbent, Amberter. 
234. 

Atkynson, Thomas, vicar, Ninfield, 60. 

Attehall, Walter de, presentation, 107. 

Aubrey, John, on the Eversheds, 246. 

Aucock, John, subsidy assessment, 87. 

Augen, Walter de, presentation, 106, 

Aukett, William Henry, morCiHtfy 
inscription, 241. 



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263 



AttBten, John, Lord Warden's droit- 
gatherer, 148. 

Austin, John, Seaford, 152. 

Austin, y yioar of Sutton with Sea- 
ford, 161. 

Austin- Friars Ohuroh, London, windows 
in, 14. 

Ayrenohes, Simon de, pass granted by 
King John to, 142. 

Aylesford, Henry de, Abbot of Battel, 
45. 

Aylmer, John, manorial service due 
from, 27. 

Aylwin, Hannah, mortuary inscription, 
101. 

Aylwin, Thomas, token of, 254. An- 
tiquity of the Aylwins, ibid. 

B. 

Back, Philip, wrecker Seaford, 149. 
Badly, Bdward, joint custodian of 

Hamsey manor, 82. 
Bailey, Simon de, constable of Dover, 

124. 
Baker, John, subsidy assessment, 85. 
Baker, John, John Chambers and others, 

their depositions relative to a Sunday 

wrecking scene, 149, 150. 
Baker, Maria Charlotte, mortuary in 

scription, 99. 
Baker, Mary, mortuary inscription, 240. 
Baker, Nioh. the, subs, assessment, 84. 
Baker, Richard, portreve, Seaford, 148. 
Bakere, Walter, subs, aasessment, 162. 
Balcar, Jno. and Thos, subs. ass. 85. 
Baldeslow hundred, non-resident 

Cinque port barons in, 67. 
Ball, Jacob, vicar of Seaford, 160^ 
Balyard, John, subs, assessment, 85. 
Bancroft, Archbishop, his anti puritan 

zeal, 99. 
Banks, Samuel, mortuary inscription, 

101. The like for Blia. Banks, 242. 
Banwell, Somersetshire, burial entry in 

register of, 126 note 19. 
Banys, Thomas, Incumbent, Hamsey, 

100. 
Baroombe, 79. 88. Hearth tax, 87. 
Bard, John, subsidy assessment, 84. 
Barevill, Robert de, land committed to 

the charge of, 143. 
Bwrgham, fsmily settled at, 78. 
Barlow, Thomas, vicar of Sutton with 

Seaford, 161. 
Barlowe, William, Bishop of Chichester, 

Drungewick staurom dtsoontinued by, 

248. 
Bamet, a Sassez hero at the battle of, 

77. 
Bamhome (or Bemehome), Battel Ab- 
bey lands in, 9. 48. 54. 



Barons of the Cinque Ports, temp, Edw. 
Ill, for Pevensey, 66—69 Rye 
(1342), 124, 125, Seaford, certificate 
of freedom, 155, 156. See Cinque 
Ports. 

Barttlelot swan mark, 216. 

Batchelor family mortuary inscriptions 
(three) 244. 

Bath, John, bishop of, 11. 

Batlesford, Thomas Simon de, Pevensey 
baron, 66. 

Battbl Abbbt, by Rev. Bdward Tur- 
ner, M.A, 1—56. Occasion of its 
foundation, name, &c, 1. Site chosen 
for the high altar, 2. Patron Saints 
of the Abbey, ibid Temporary ar- 
rangements pending its erection, 8. 
Bamestness of the Conqueror in his 
work, 3, 4. Its architect : how meta- 
morphosed into a monk, 4, 5. Wil- 
liam's practical disposal of objections 
to the site chosen, 5. Legend of the 
discovery of stone for the building, 5, 

6. Water supply, 6. The home ter- 
ritory or Abbey Leucate, or Leuga, 6, 

7. Its extent and boundaries, 8, 9. 
Erection of a town adjacent to the 
abbey, 7. Question as to an earlier 
town, 8. The abbots and the town 
guilds, ibid Customary services due 
from the abbey tenants, 10. Digni- 
taries present with the king at its 
dedication, 11. Lands and precious 
gifts bestowed upon it, 11, 12. Ori- 
ginal extent of the abbey buildings, 
18. ** The hangman's post :" jurisdic- 
tion, privileges, &0, of the abbots and 
monks, 14. 88—41. Portion of the 
abbey not in ruins, 14, 15. The 
Refectory and its crypts, &c ; fate of 
the refectory roof, 15, 16. Site of the 
Kttchtny and cause of its demolition. 
16, 17. The Chwrch : exploration of 
its foundations, 17, 18. Benefactions 
of Abbots Ralph and Warner, 19. 
Benefactors to the Almonry^ 19, 20. 
Number of monks intended to be, and 
number actually accommodated in the 
abbey, 20. The Hoo Chantry and its 
attached property, 20, 21 Rank 
taken by the abbots, 21. The abbey 
chapel, seizure and restoration of its 
revenues, benefactors to it, ^, 21, 22. 
The sacristan and his duties, 28. 
Enumeration of the abbey possessions, 
24—28. The hospital and infirmary, 
28, 29. The dairy, 29. Pelham and 
Braose benefactions, ibid. Salt-pits 
given to the abbey, 80. Its town 
house and metropolitan possessions, 
80, 8 1 . Its revenues and expenses, 3 1 . 
The cellarer and his duties, 81, 82. 



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264 



INDEX. 



Parka attached to the abbey, 82, 33. 
Royal visitors: mercilem levies of 
Henry III. 33. Exclusion of epis- 
copal interference: disputes with the 
bishops, 33, 34. The dean, his pecu- 
liar duties, &c, 34—37. Orchards and 
cherry gardens, 37, 38. Sunday 
markets, travelling and forest privi- 
lef^es, wrecks, &c, 38—40. Peculiar 
right of pardon vested in the abbot, 
42. Infringements of abbey rights, 
ibid. Arbitrary disposal of lands Hnd 
their owners, exchanges for life in- 
comes, &c, 43, 44. List and short 
notices of the abbots, 44 — 46, 47, 48. 
The library, abbey revenues, condition 
of its ** implements," &c, at the disso- 
lution, 47, 48. Allegations against 
the abbot and monks, 48, 49. Grant 
by Hen. VI 11. of the abbey posses- 
sions : subse(iuent owners of same, 49, 
50. Conversion of the buildings into 
a residence, 50. Their state in 1752 ; 
alterations by the Duke of Cleveland, 
50—52. The abbey sword, arms, and 
seal, 52, 53. Subordinate priories, 63. 
Detail of manors, rents, &c, at the 
dissolution, 54—56. 

Battel Abbey and town, publications 
relating to, 169, 170. 

Battel, town of, its origin, &c, 7. 
Its guildhalls, guilds, and drinking 
customs, 8. The parish church, 
37. 

Battlebridge, Southwark, origin of the 
name, 30, 

Bavent, Adam de, presentation, 106. 

Bawdewen, Robert, of Bye, testament 
and will of, 128, 129. 

Bayen, Th >mas. Rye baron, 125. 

Bayham (or Begehamme) Abbey, 53. 
59. 170. 

Baylol, William de, condition annexed 
to tenure of lands by, 256. 

Beach, John, subsidy assessment, 87. 

Beard, Thomas, Huratpierpoint, 112. 

Bee, William de, benefactor to Battel 
Abbey, 19. 

Beche, Michael de, serf bought by, 48. 

Beche, Rich, atte, Thomas, and William 
A, subsidy assessments, 84, 85. 

Beckle-parioc woods, 39. 

Beckyngham, Thomas de, presentation, 
104. 

Bedewind, Walter de, presentation, 106. 

Bedford, John, warden of St Bartholo- 
mew's, Rye, 136. 

Beeding, Lower, bronze oelte found at, 
255, 256. 

Bell, John, incumbent, Ninfield, 60. 
Last Roman Catholic incumbent, ihidf 
note 16. 



Bellemont, AHanor de, land granted bv 

Edw. in. to. 121. 
Bellenden, Hon. Elisabeth, 91. 
Bello, Robert de. Abbot of Battel, pecu- 
liar right asserted by, 42. Period of 

his abbacy, 46. 
Beningden, 83. 
Bennet, Mr, commonwealth incambent, 

Ninfield, 60. 
Bennett, Pbilip, fine levied in Hamaey 

by, 87. 
Bergavenny, Geoige Lord, and Hamser, 

77. 79. 
Bergh. Ralph, and Rich, aCte, subaidj 

assessments, 84. 
Berholme, Hugh, wrecker, Seaford, 150^ 
Berkstead, Stephen de. Bishop of 

Chichester, hu contention with the 

custos of Anmdel, 163. 
Berlavington, 120. 

Bernard, Richard, presentaUon, 107. 
Bernard Oastell, John de, presentation, 

107. 
Bemurdi, Theodore, alleged painter of 

the Amberley pictures, 209, 210. 

presumptions in favour of another 

artist of the name, 211, 212. 
Bernehorne, Eye and Pavia de, grants 

to Battel Abbey by, 43. 
Bemeit, Johannes atte, Pevensey baroo, 

66. 
Bemette, Robert de, subs. ass. 144. ' 
Bertyn, Johannes and Alexander, Fevvn* 

sey barons, 66. 
Best family, Hamsey, mortuary inscrip- 
tions, 102. 
Best, WUliam, Seaford, will of, 158. 
Betoigne, Thos, vicar of Sutton, 161. 
Betrich. Rich, subs, assessment, 168. 
Betsworth, Cath. burial entry, 288. 
Beugenet, 120. 

Beversham, Sir and daughter, 89. 
Bexhill, or Bexle, non resident Cinqne 

Ports barons in, 68. Pre8entati€Mis, 

107. Topography, 170. 
Biftorde, Thos. le, subs, assessment, 59. 
Bignor, institution of a new, and poision 

to an old rector, 192. 
Birche, John, Rye baroB, 125. 
Bishop, Sir B., his swan -mark, 216. 
Bishop, Sir Thos, of Parham, 82. 
Blaauw, W. H. Esq, F.SJL, 88. 
Blachyogton, John de, subs, ass, 14<S. 
Black, W. H. Esq, F.S.A, Roman stadia 

traced by, 141. 
Blanchard, or Blaneard, Robert, first 

abbot of Battel, 8, 4. Cause of his 

death, 44. 
Blencowe, R. W. Esq. reference to a 

paper by, 90 note. 
Bloxam, M. H. Esq. P.S.A, on buildings 

wrongly called castles, 189. 



Digitized by 



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INDEX. 



265 



Bluni*8 **Tenares/* manorial costom 

noted in, 26. 
Boohatn. Battel Abbey lands in, 9. 
Bochard, Oberius, presentation, 106. 
Bodehurst, Battle Abbey lands in, 8, 6. 
Bodtam Castle, works on or referring to, 

171. 
Bodiham, Battle Abbey lands in, SO. 
Bodle family, mortuary inscriptions, 240, 

241. 
Bohun, Wm. de. Earl of Northampton, 

146. 
Bolfyn, Bobt, subsidy assessment, 162. 
Bolton, Stephen de, presentation, 105. 
Bolton, Wm. de, presentation, 107. 
Boner, Agnes, gift to Battel Abbey, 20. 
Bordon, John, subsidy assessment, 146. 
Bosse, John, sen. and jun, and Bosse, 

Jane, subsidy assessments, 144. 146 
Bosse, or Bossee, William, subsidy as- 
sessment, 145. M.P. for Seaford, 

ibid. 
Boston bridge, built of Sussex timber, 

116. 
BoBwell, Lawr. incumbent Ninfield, 60. 
Boeworth field, the Lewknors at, 80. 
Botcher, Jno, subsidy assessment, 163, 
Botfiolde woods, 89. 
Botten, Mr, incumbent, Ninfield, 60. 
Bottoner, W. penance imposed on, 19. 



R^nlld^'^?!^^'; [subsidy assessment, 
B^SsiA) H6.Wl62. 



Boutell, Bev. C, on the Amberley brass, 
232. 

Bowyer, Eliz, burial entry, 62. 

Bowyer, John, instituted to Ninfield, 61. 
His burial, ibid note. His care for 
education, 68. 

Boxhull, Alan de, 59. 

Boyton, Thomas, incumbent, Ninfield, 
60. 

Brache, Wm, subsidy ass(«sment, 85. 

Bracklesham. John, presentation, 104. 

Brakebrige, Rich, trust vested in, 77. 

Bramber, Battle Abbey land»<in, 29. 

Bramley, William, incumbent. Amber- 
ley, 234. 

Biantyngham, Tho. de, presentation. 1 04. 

Braose, Beatrix de, and husband, 74. 

Braose, William de, benefactor to 
Battel Abbey, 29. 

Braose, tde Brewes. 

Brassbrugge, Thomas, incumbent, Nin- 
field, 60. 

Braye monument, Selmeston, 96 

Brecon or Brecknock Priory, subordinate 
to Battel Abbey, 58. 

Brede parish, non-resident barons in. 67. 
Early presentations, 107. 

Brede place, 171. Brede woods, 117, 
124. 

XVIT. 



Breden, Simon de, presentation, 105. 

Bregge, John, subsidy assessment, 163. 

Brembel, Thos, suhH. assessment, 58. 

Brerehurdt, Battel Abbey lands in, 54. 

Brewere, Wm. de. Battel Abbey, 45. 

Brewes (Braose) Thomas, manor en- 
feoffed to, 75. 

Brian, Mr. (Hastings), Cinque Ports 
committee man, 140. 

Bridge, John, subsidy assessment, 85. 

Bric^r, family : Richard, 82. Another 
Richard, Colonel and M.P, his hearth 
tax assessment 87. His popularity as 
M. P, 89. His character as a magis- 
trate, 90. Age at death, ibid. Harry 
Bridger, 90. John, afterwards Sir 
John Bridger, purchaser of Hamsey 
Advowson, 83. Ejiighted, 90. Last 
of the family, 91. Armorial bearings, 
ibid. 

Bridges, Thomas, see Rjrvers. 

Brigg, Alex, subsidy assessment, 85. 

Brigge, Henry, robbed by a parson, 94. 

Brigge, Thomas, warden of St Bartholo- 
mews, Rye, 136. 

Brightling, 57. Early presentation, 106. 

Brihthelm. Bishop, inference from a 
charter of, 190. 

Brikden, Thomas, subs. ass. 87. 

Briscoe, Sir John, Amberley possessed 
by, 222. His descendants, register of 
his burial, &c. 223. 

Bristoldestone manor. Battel Abbey pos- 
session, 28. 

Bristowe, Mary, mortuary inscription, 
102. 

Brocas, John, heroic sendee shared in 
by, 74. 

Brocket, S. B, Esq, 135. 

Broille, La, forest of, 122. 

Broke, Lucas, atte, Pevensey baron, 66. 

Bromham, Wilts, given to Battel Abb^, 
12. 24. Amount of profits, 54. 

Brompton, Wm, presentation, 104. 

Brook, Eleanor and her mother, 
mortuary inscription, 240. Inscrip- 
tions (four) for others of the same 
name, 242. 

Brooke, Emily, married to Sir H. Shiff- 
ner, 91. 

Brooker family, mortuary inscriptions 
(five) 241, 242. 

* Brooks,* local meaning of the word, 
187 note 5. 

Broun, John, subsidy assessments, 58, 
59. 

Brown, Edward, singular death of, 62. 

Brown, Sir Oeoige, conspiracy charged 
on, 80. 

Brown, Isaac and wife, mortuaiy in- 
scription, 102. 

Browne, Anne, mortuary inscription, 240. 

2 L 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 



266 



IND£X. 



Browne, Sir Anthony, Battle Abbey 
granted to, 49. Erections there by 
him, 51, 52. Ghintiog granted to 
him, 163. 

Browne, John, drummer, Seaford, 152. 

Brun, Reginald, Thomas, and Robert 
subsidy assessments, 58. 

Brych Walton, patronage of, 24. 

Brykeden, Will, de, subsidy assess- 
ments, 84. 

Buchier, Bobert and John, Bye barons, 
126. 

Buck's engraving of Battel Abbey, 51. 

Buck, W. H. Meade, vicar of Sutton 
with SeafoM, 161. 

Buokhurst Thomas Saokville, Lord, 258. 
Mansion built by him, 259. 

Bucktfteep (Warbleton), Local Act, 
Battel Abbey lands in, 9, 171. 

Budd Wm. churchwarden, Ninfield, 63. 

Bulingtune, Battel Abbey lands in, 9. 

Bulloch, or Bullocke, Nich. subsidy 
assessments, 84. 

Burcholte, patronage of, 24. 

Burdett, Sir Francis, 227. 

Burden, Thomas i „..v«;j„ «„«„„ 

Burden^, William I '"^t ^i^^tf; 

Burdon, Simon > ments, 144. 146. 

Burel, William j ^^^• 

Burg, Kichard, incumbent, Amberley, 

234. 
Burgeham, Kent, part of the De Say 

possessions, 73. 
Burgeis, Begina, subsidy assessments, 

162. 
Burgess, Bobert and wife, mortuary 

inscriptions, 240. 
Burgys, Denis, Sussex martyr, 165. 
Burghley Papers, reference to Battel 

deanery in, 37. 
Burgo, Hubert de, Justiciar, temp. John, 

73. 
Burials in churches, early usage as to, 

126, note 19. 
Bume,Rich. de, subsidy assessment, 144. 
Burnet, Bishop, on Battel Abbey, 48. 
Burrell, Frances, marriage of, 89. 
Burrell, Sir William, on the Battel 

Abbey arms, 33. See 57. 74. 
Burrell, Timothy, extracts from Journal 

of, 90. 
Burton, Robert de (warden of St. Bar- 
tholomew's, Rye), malpractices of, 

134, 135, date of his wardership, 136.* 
Burton, Sir William, seizure of wrecked 

goods by, 148. 
Burwash, publications relating to, 171. 
Bury, John, Bishop of Chichester's 

complaint against, 120. 
Bushby family of Arundel, ancestry and 

last survivor of the, 247. 
Bushby, Robert, Littlehampton, 233. 



Bushnel, Ifr, commonwealth iaonmbcat 

of Ninfield, 60. 
BuBsey, Thomas, mortuary iiucription, 

243. 
1 utler, a. Slade, Esq, F.aA. on Rje 

and its inhabitants, 123 — 13ti. Ccii- 

tinuation of his Suasexiana Topo- 

graphtca, 169—184. 
Butler, James, 217. Notices of the 

family and its connection with Am- 

berley, 221 222. 
Butler, Mr (Winchelsea) Ciuque Forts 

committeeman, 140. 
Buxtede manor, 74. Sn&o&d to 

Thomas Brewes, 75. Soottish silw 

coin found, 252. 
Bydendenn, Walter, Rye churchwardeB, 

64. 
Bykedenn, Wm. subsidy assessittent, U4 
Byubrok, John, vicar of Satton, IBl. 
Byngham, Bdw. de, presentation, 107. 
Bysshop, William, Mayor of Hastings 

154. 

C. 
Camber Farm, local Act relating to, 171. 
Campan, John de, presentation, lOa. 
Campion Rev. C. H. on mural painfeiDgi 

in Keymer church, 249, 250. 
Campion, R. burial entry, 237. 
Campkin, Henry, F.&A. on Woodman's 
• door, 167. 
Canterbury, Archbishop of, (14th oeat) 

his park ravaged by deer stealeia, 120. 

Hunting appointments and privilesei 

granted by him. See Aoaelm. Bso- 

croft Juxon. 
Capemore, Battel Abbey lands so calkd, 

28, 29. 
Caplin family, mortuary iiiBoiipyoD& 

102. 
Carilow, John de. Prior of Lewes, 74. 
Carleton, Bell, incumbent^ Amberlej 

and Houghton, 234. 
Carleton, Dr Qeorge, Bishop of Chiches- 
ter, swan-mark fee paid by, 216. Set 

100. 
Carleton, Geo. incumbent, NinfiddL ^l- 
Carleton, Guy, Bishop of ChieheBter, 

Amberley lease granted by, SI22, 
Carlisle, Hugh, bishop of, abbot of 

Battel, short notioe of, 45. 

r!Ji;?*^dT"* I Vicars of Satton with 
ST^lTm^rdl seaford. 161. 
Cassandra's portrait at Amberley, ^^ 
Castles, Mr. M. H. Bloxam, on, 189. 
Carren, John de, presentation, 107. 
Cartwright, Edward, felo-de-se, 62. 
Cat of Rothcrfield, deer stealer, 120. 
Catherine, Queen of Charles IL 

miniature of, 92. 
Causeys, Robert^ subs. ass. 84. 



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INDEX. 



267 



OmdwBlla'g victory over Edelwach, and 
dealings with West Sussex, 189, 190. 

Celt of bronze, found in West Sussex, 
described and figured, 254, 255. The 
** find" at Lower Beeding, 256, 256. 

Gementarius, Robert, gift of land to 
Battel Abbey by, 22. 

Centenarian, Bdw. Greene a, 237. 

Chaoe, Thomas, presentation, lOd. 

ChamberB, John, mv Baker, John. 

Chambers, Mr, jurat of Seaford, mob 
assault on, 160. 

Chambre, Thomas de la, warden of St 
Bartholomew's, Rye, 186. 

Champion, Lawrence, Abbot of Battel, 
46. 

Chantler, Mr. ministor of Ninfield, 60. 

Cliapman, Mr, of Rogate, Sussex token 
found by, 263. 

Chapman, Roliert, Esq : Parochial His- 
tory of Hamsey . 70—1 08. Additional 
note on the Shiffner family. 250. See 
Hamsey. 

Chapman, W., subsidy assessment, 145. 

Charles I, sutferers for loyalty to, 81. 

Charles II. and his parliament, 89 
Miniature of him at Coombe, 92. 
His visit to Amberley, 228. 

Charleston, United Stetes, 151 note 85. 

Charlton and Charlton Hunt, 120, 121. 

Chase, Thomas, warden of St. Bartholo- 
mews, Rye, 186. 

Chaory, Marioca, subsidy assessments, 
146. 

Cheney, Sir Thomas Consteble, of Dover 
Castle, taken by the French, 74. 

Cherche, Ella ad, subsidy assessroento, 58. 

Chester, Sussex archers and their wea- 
pons sent to, 118. 

Chichester, Bishops of: One fined for 
letting a felon parson break prison, 
199. List of jewels, vestments, &c, 
belonging to the see {.ciraa 1585) 202. 
Am Andrews. Ashbumham, Sir W. 
Barlowe. Berkstead. Carleton, Dr O. 
Carleton, Guy. Christopherson. Clym- 
ping, John de. Curtis. Day. Hare, F. 
Harsnett. Hilary. King, Henry. 
Langton. John de. Manningham. 
Montague. Richard Neville. Praty. 
Reade, Robt. Rede. Willm. Saint 
Leofardo. SefErid II Sherburne. Sto- 
ry. Stratford. 

Chichester Castle, 116. 

Chichester Church and Si Mary *s chapel, 
Battel, composition between, 86. 
Entries in the episcopal registers rela- 
tive to Battel Abbey, 54. Presente- 
tion to St. Mary's hospitel, and to St 
Peter's, 104. 107. Rev. E. Turner on 
the church seals, 250-252. See \\%, 
119. 



Chichester Grammar School and Cross, 

Bishop Story's bequeste to, 200. 
Child, A. T, S. B, and, M.A, mortuary 

inscriptions 241, 242. 
Ghiltington, 79. 
Chinting subsidy roll, 162. See Chynt- 

ing. 
Chowne family, mortuary inscriptions 

(five) 243 
Chowne, Mr, junior, a justice's son, 

wreck oomplainte against, 150 and 

note, 
Chowne, Richard, charge against, 157. 
Christ's Church, Oxford grant of church 

patronage to, 24. 
Christian, Mr, expelled from Chichester 

diocese. 61, nute 18. 
Christopherson. John Bishop of Chi. 

Chester, and Houghton Bridge and 

highways, 215, 216. 
Churche, John atte, and Thomas aite, 

subsidy nssessmento, 58, 59. 
Church porch, early custom relative to 

burials in the, 126. note 19. 
Chynting. Philip of, subsidy assessment* 

144. Remark on the name, ibid. 
Chytteme, John de, presentation, 104. 
Cinque Ports, Old Seals and Baboks 

of the, by Thomas Ross, Esq, 64—69. 

Rye seal, arms and legends, 64, 65. 

Hastings bailiff's seal, 65. Pevensey 

barons temp, Edw. Ill, 66. Non- 

residento, 66 — 69. Noteworthy names 

among them, 69. List of topographic 

works, local acts, &c, 171 — 173. 

Summons to Hastings. 258. See 

Barons. Six Reasons. 
Cissor, Isabell, ) Subsidy assessmente, 
Clare, Walter, j 144. 145. 

Clark, William Henry, vicar of Sutton 

with Seaford, 161. 
C arke, John, vicar of Seaford, 160. 
Ciarkson, Ilev. George Arthur, M.A. 

incumbent of Amberley and Houghton, 

284, See Amberley. 
Claverham, Battel guildhaU at, 8. 
Clement IV, Pope, and Clement the 

martyr, 65 note 
Clerk, Mr, on an historical painting at 

Chichester 210. 
Cleveland, Harry George, duke of. 

Battel Abbey purchased by, 50. His 

account of the late and present state 

of the edifice, 51. 
Cliff End, Road Act relating to, 173. 
Clifford, Will, de, presentation, 105. 
Clough family and Amberley, 222. 
Clymping, John de. Bishop of Chi- 
chester, his cattle store, &c. 248. 
Clymping, Thomas de, Sacerdos, descrip- 

tien and cut of the seal of, 192. 
Clynton, or Clinton family : John de 

L 2 L 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 



>8i 



268 



INDEX. 



Olynton and hia son Willbun, 75. 
William ennobled ; origin of the 
family; Edward baron Clynton, &o, 
76. Career and death on the field of 
William's son, John, 76, 77. John 
Lord Clinton and Say, 77. Petition 
to chancery of a third John, 77, 78. 
Arms of the family, 78. 

Cobden, the late Biohard , 225. 

Cobeham, Thos. de. institution of, 193. 

Cobhami John de, defensive work shared 
in by. 124. 

Cockeram, Mr, mayor of Bye, Cinque 
Ports committee man, 140. 

Cockinge. William, incumbent, Amber- 
ley, 284. 

Coins, gold and stiver found at Mares- 
field and Buxted, 252- 

Cok, John \ 

Cok, Robt. I subsidy assessments, 

Cok. Will, f 59. 85. 146. 

Coke, Tho, ) 

Cold Waltbam, 185. 

Col in tune, Devon, Battel Abbey, posses- 
sions in, 28. 

Collins the painter, 216. 

Collyns, C.P. on the chase of wild deer, 
121 note 34. 

Colnet, Nicholas, warden of 8t Bartho- 
lomew's, Bye, 136. 

Colwell, John, sacristan. Battel abbey, 
his accounts, 24. 

Colyn, Margery, ) subsidy assessments, 

Colyn,John ( 145 162. 

Combere, William, rector of Bignor, why 
pensioned, 198. 

Commonwealth, port of escape of fugi- 
tive leaders of the, 150, 151. Its 
dealings with Amberley, 218. 219. 

Compton, early presentation, 104. 

Conger eels eaten, 115 note. 

Congreve's satire on Sussex wreckers, its 
occasion, 149. 

Constable, John. subs, assessment, 87. 

Cook, Eustace, benefactor to Battel 
Abbey, 20. 22. 

Cook, &lr, hisconductat Seaford, 160. 

Coombe, near Lewes, 89. Historic 
relics, 92. 

Cooper, Sir John Hutton, Bart, monu- 
mental inscription, 99. 

Cooper, Philip, burial direction of, 23'. 
His bequest to the high altar, 232. 
Summary of his will, 4bid note. 

Cooper, William Durrant, Esq, F.S.A, 
on Battel Abbey Leuga, 9. On the 
jurisdiction of the abbots, 14. On 
wills in Battel registry, 84. On the 
abbey buildings, 51. Paper on Kin- 
field edited by him, 57—63. On pro- 
duce of and supplies from Sussex, 
115 — 122. Further memorials of Sea- 



ford O'omtly with Mr. Loirar) 141^ 
163. See also 42. 66. 108. 2 0. SlI. 
212. 

Coroners for Sussex removed firom office 
for inefficiency, 247, 248. 

Cotes, warren at, 120. 

Coudray, Robert de, 143. 

Coumbe, Johannes atte, PeveoaeybMtm, 
66. 

Couper, John, presentation, 106. 

CourbotUe, Laurence. Rye, baron, ISo. 

Courtray, John, subs. ass. 84. 

Ooutances. Roger, bishop of, 11. 

Coventry, Ralph de, cellarer and abbot 
of Battel, 45. 

Cowdrav, Battel refectory roof renufved 
to, 16*. 

Cowlestock, Robert, subs, aas, 87. 

Cowper, Mr, temporaiy inoambent^ Nib- 
field, 61. 

Cranachi, Lucas, 213. 

Crane, John, abbot of Battel, 46. 

Craneke, Walter, subs. ass. 144. 

Craule, Jacobus de, Pevensey baron, G6. 

Creewe, Thos, lands released by, 75. 

Croft, John de, presentation, 105. 

Crokebet, John, vicar of Suttcvn, 161. 

Crolling, Henry, subs. ass. 145. 

Cromwell, Oliver, his *'dark laaton,** 
150. 

Cromwell. Richard, his escape, 150l 

Cromwell, Thomas, *' Seoretaiy Gram- 
well," afterwards Earl of Enez, 48. 
Priory lands granted to and forfeited 
by him, 86. 152 168. Letter fzom 
Rye corporation to him, 181. 

Cropp, Willielmua and Robertoay Peven- 
sey barons, 66. 

Crosby, Susan, mortuary inscrlptkm, 248L 

Croeseby, William, chaplain of St. 
James's hospital for lepers, 162. 

Crouche, Robert, mayor and baron of 
Rye, short notice of, with hia teeta- 
ment and will, 125—128. 

Crowhurst early presentation to, 106 
See 9, 116. 117. 124. 178. 

Crucifix of bronae found at Ifoid, 245. 

Cuck, Geoffry, first M.P. for Seafbid. 
subsidy assessment, 144. Hie latin- 
ised name, iHd, 

Cuckfield, punishment inflicted on a 
deer-steal mg vicar of, 119, ISO. Fktal 
hunting accident in the paik, 121. 

Cuinterel, William, his allowanoe for a 
journey, 148. 

Cunibes, Nigel de, subs, asa 162. 

Curdray, Jo, Archd. of Lewee, pr&> 
sentation to Compton, 104. 

Curtail, John, incumbent, Ninfield, 61. 

Curteray, John, subs ass. 84. 

Curtis, Richard, bishop of 
ohaiige against^ 81. 



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INDEX. 



269 



Daddealey, or Doddesley, James, pre- 
fiented to Hamsey vicarage, 79. 100. 

Dallaway, West Sussex historian, on 
topics coonected with Amberley, 204. 
2()9. 227. 228. 229. 230. 

Dallington, John. Almoner, Battel abbey, 
possible mistake by, 47 note, 

Dalyngrugge, or Dalyngnidge, or Da- 
lyngrigge, Sir Edward, fishpond sold 
by Bioh. IL to« 119. Charged with 
fortification of Dover castle, 124. 
Property sold to the family, 66 note, 

Danyell, Wm, vicar of Seaford, 60. 

Darby, Parson, his " Hole," 149. 

Davis, John, incumbentt Hamsey, 100. 

Daws, Ann, mortuary inscription, 101. 

Davrtrey. derivation of the name. 191. 

Day, George. Bishop of Chichester 
bequests by the will of, 215 note, 

Deadman, Emily M. Fhebe, mortuary 
inscription 248 

Dean, antiquity and origin of the office 
of, 85. 

De Clare, lord, mission confided to, 78. 

Dedes, Wm. subsidy assessment, 85. 

Deer stealers in the 18th and 14th 
centuries, ll9, 120. 

Deke, John ) Subsidy assessments, 

Dekne,John J 146. 

Delamare, Walter, fatal hunting adven- 
ture of, 121, 

Delves, Mr, minister, Nhifield, 61. His 
gifts to tiie church, ibid. 

Dene, Peter de, presentation, 105. 

Dengemariee, Kent, Battel Abbey privi- 
lege at, 40. 

Denton, John de, presentation, 105. 

Denton, Wm, subsidy assessment, 85. 

Derby, Anne, countess, 79. 

Derby, Robert de, presentation, 105. 

Dertmouth, John, abbot of Battel, 46. 

De Say family, origin and first notice of 
the, 72. Site of their castle or 
mansion, 74. The De Say tomb, and 
question relative thereto, 95, 96. 

De Say, Elizabeth, and her two 
husbands, 74. Feoffinent made by 
herself and first husband, 75. In- 
quisition on her death, ibid, 

De Say, Geoffrey, distinguished honour, 
shared by, 72, 78. Expedition joined 
in by Geoffrey his grandson, 75. 

De Say, Idonia or Tdonia, 75. Subsidy 
assessments, 84, 

De Say, Joan, wife of Wm. de Fiennes, 
75. 

De Say, John, of Risbrigg, the king*B 
writ impeded by, 72. Property held 
by another John, 74. 

De Say, Maud, her request to the Black 



Friars^ and directions for her burial, 
78. 

De Say, Picot, of Shropshire, 72. 

De Say, William, the first connected 
with Sussex, 72. Another William at 
the battle of Lewes, 73. William his 
son, ibid, William, son of Maud, 78, 
74. 

Devereux, John, defensive work com- 
mitted to, 124. 

Devonshire, John, presentation, 107. 

De Warren, 9ee Warrene. 

Deye, John, warder of St Bartholo- 
mew's Rye, 136. 

Dicton, Walter de. Battel Abbey, 86. 

J}iet preearicB^ explanation of, 27. 

Ditchening, or Dycchening (Ditchling) 
inquisition, 75. Early presentations 
of incumbents, 104. 

Ditebrocher, John, subs, assessment, 84. 

Doddesley, sef Daddesley. 

Domesday Book, references to Battel 
Abbey in, 8. 9. 28. Description of 
Hamsey, 71. 

Dorset. Richard, earl, Frances, countess 
dowager, and Lionel Cranfield, duke 
of, their Seaford posssessions, 152. 
157. 

Doumeneye, Wm. de, presentation, 105. 

Doune, John atte, (M.P. for Seaford) 
and Ralph atte, subsidy assessments, 
145. 

Dover Castie, Sussex timber used in 
early works at, 116. 

Dovor, Wm. de, presentation, 106. 

Doyley, Walter, subs, assessment, 85. 

Downer, Mary and Moses, common- 
wealth fugitives harboured by, 151. 

Downton. Rich, vicar of Sutton, 161. 

Draper, John, release of land to Matilda 
wife of, 47 note. 

Draper, Wm, vicar of Seaford, 160. 

Dray, William, mortuary inscription, 242. 

Dreams, story of one connected with the 
building of Battel Abbey, 5, 6, 
Faith of the Anglo-Saxons in dreams, 
5 note, 

Drungewick manor, buildings erected by 
Bishop John de Clymping on, 248. 

Dubbins, Mary, registry entry of the 
sickness and death of, 62. 

Duckworth, Thomas, incumbent, Nin* 
field, 60. 

Dudelesfold, John de, poaching com- 
plaints against, 120. 

Dudilande, Angelus de, gift to Battel 
Abbey by, 22. 

Dudley family, Hamsey manor possessed 
by, 78. Edmund Dudley's gift to 
Southov- r tree school, 79. 

Dugdale's estimate of the income of 
Battel Abbey at its diuolution, 47, 



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270 



INDEX. 



Dune, Hamo de, his ftgreement with 

Battel Abbey, 43. 
Duppa, Edmund, Bubg. assessment, 163. 
Durham, William, bishop of, 11. 
Duvra (or Dovor), John de, abbot of 

Battel, 45. 
Dyges, John. Rye baron, 1 26. 

E. 

Eadgyfee and Qoda, suit between, 71. 
Early presentations, itee Sussex incum- 
bencies. 
Eastbourne (Estboume) hundred, non- 
resident baron of, 66. 
Eastdean forest. 120 
East Grinstead, Archbishop Bancroft 

at, 99. 
East Lavant, early pr- sentation, 107. 
Baston, William, his gift to Ninfield 

church. 61. 
Ebome, Samuel, incumbent, Amberley, 

284 
Ecclesia, Qilbert de, subs. ass. 58. 
Echlngham, William de, Battel Abbey 

suit against, 42. See Etchingham. 
Edelwach, conquered and slain. 189. 
Edmondsbury Abbey, precedence as- 
signed to, 21. 
Edward the Confessor, Hamsey in the 

reign of, 71. 
Edward I, his Sussex heronry, 122. 
Edward 11. at Battel Abbey, 83. His 

dealing with the Ashbumham oaks, 

116. 
Edward III, special grace granted to 

Battel Abbey, by, 6, Peculiar abbatial 

right confirmed by him, 42. 
Edward IV, brave end of an adherent 

of, 76, 77. Possession granted to his 

queen, 151. 
Edward V, 80. 
Edward VI, end of a groom porter of, 

80.97. 
Effard, John, vicar of Sutton, 161. 
Egeline, John de, poaching complaint 

against, 120. 
Eggs, large quantity ordered from Sussex 

for queen Eleanor, 118. 119. 
Eighelar, Nich. the, subs, ass, 84. 
Elderton, Edward, monument of wife 

of, 96. 
Eleanor, Queen, supplies ordered from 

Sussex for, 118. 
Eliick, Me Elphick. 
Eliet William, Rye baron. 125. 
Elizabeth, queen of Edw. lY., possessions 

in Seaford granted to, 151. 
Elliott, Mr, on the last remains of the 

castle of the De Says. 74, 75. On the 

De Say tomb at Hamsey, 95, 96. 
Ellis family (Amberley), ^2^, 



Ellis family (Hamsey) mortaaij inscrip- 
tion, 103. 

Ellis Susan, mortuary inscriptioo. 242. 

Elmeton, John, warden of St. Bartholo- 
mew's, Rye, 136. 

Elphick, Elphecke, or Elfick family : 
Mr. Elficke (Seaford), Cinque Forts 
committee man, 140. Thomas E, 
jun, Offington E. and Thomas E, suc- 
cessively portreves of Seaford, 148. 
Richard E. a sharer in tiie proceeds of 
a wreck, 148. 149. Thomas E, bailiff 
of Seaford, &c. 152. Jurat, 155. 
Manor rented by him, 163. Hia sub- 
sidy assessment, ibid, William E, 
captain of train band, 152, note 42. 
Quarrels of the Elphicks and Grat* 
wicks, 158. 159. 

Ely, Margaret de > Subsidy assesfi- 

Eoelam, William ) ments, 144, 87. 

Epiton, Epitoneum, Mr Lower on 
Parry*s interpretation of, 8. 

Eroh. Jacob, subsidy assessroentSv 146. 
162. 

Ernele (Ernley) John, dismissed from. 
office for inefiaciency. 248. 

Ernley. Richard, petition joined in by. 81. 

Eshbumham, Reginald de, his gift to 
Battel Abbey, 80. 

Essex, earl of, tee Cromwell, Thomas 

Eston, John de, subsidy assessment, 58. 

Eston. Stephen, ofRye, pedigree and will 
of. 180. 

Etchingham, publications relating to, 
iee Echingham. 

Etchyinham, Simon de, lands held bv, 
257. 

Eu. earls of, 9. 89. 57. 59. 

Evans, Rev. Thomas Seaford, heading 
a mob, 160. His pugilistic enooonter 
witb a magistrate, ibid. Date of his 
induction to the vicarage. IGl. 

Evelyn. John, residence of, 72 note. 

Ever, Thomas, of Seaford, will of, 158. 

Everard, Tho, subsidy assessment, 163. 

Evershed family, notice of, and qtiezy 
relating to, 246, 247. 

Exeter, priory subordinate to Battel 
Abbey at, 53, 54. 

Exmoor deer-huntmg season, 121. 



Faber, William, architect of Battel 

Abbey, 4. Becomes a monk, 5. 
Fagg, Sir John, oonspiraoy diaiged 

against, 80. 
Fairlight, tee Farleigh. 
Falham, Johannes de, Pevensey baroa, 

66. 
Falvesley, Sir John de, taken prisoner 

by the French, 74. 



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INDEX. 



271 



Farleigh, Farlegbe, or Fairlight, Battel 
Abbey lands in, 20. Non-resident 
Cinque Port barons, 68. Fairlight 
churchy 174. 

Famcombe family, mortuary inscription, 
102. 

Faukes, John, warden of St Bartholo- 
mew's, Rye, 186. 

Fawkes, John, presentation. 106. 

Feldreslonde, Battel Abbey conduit, 6. 

Feretrum, or portable altar, of William 
the Conqueror. 12. Suggestion by 
Mr. Lower, ihid iwte. 

Fenny Compton, Robert de, presenta- 
tion, 106. 

Fenys, 9ee Fiennes. 

Ferrers, John, knt,'irust joined in by, 77. 

Fescamp Abbey, annual gift of salt and 
wine to Battel Abbey from, 29. 

Fictilia, British, observations on, 113. 

Fiennes, or Fenys,. Roger de, heirship 
a4judged to, 75. Custodian of his 

gsrtion, ibid note. Title granted to 
ir James Fiennes 77. 

Figg, William, F.SA. on Sussex trades- 
men's tokens, 257. 

Fiord, meaning of the word, 142. 

Firle churcht Gage monument in, 48 
note. 

Fish, Battel Abbey rights relative to, 40. 
Quantities and kinds sent from Sus- 
sex, in 1250, to the royal table, 118. 
Remission of cus<toms dues in time of 
scarcity, 119. Quaint extract from an 
Amberley water bailiff's book, 187, 
note 4. 

Fissheborne, early presentation to, 104. 

Fittleworth, 120. 185 

Fitz-Alan, Roger, presentation} 106. 

Fitz- Robert Fitzwido, 9. 

Fitzwalter, Lord, mission shared by, 73. 

Fitz-Wibert, William, singular grant to 
Battel Abbey by, 24. 

Flegenham, Will, de, subs. ass. 84. 

Fletcher, George, token of, 254. 

Flete, Simon atte, port collector, 144. 

Fletterwyk, Walter, presentation, 107. 

Flexham, 120. 

Flour, Willielmus, Pevensey baron, 66. 

Fogg, Sir William, of Repton, 59. 

Fogheler, John, presentation, 107. 

Ford, meaning of the word, 141, 142. 

Forebench, John, vicar of Sutton, 161. 

Forey, Walter, presentation, 104. 

Forth, or Furtho, William, vicar of 
Niafield, 60. His successor, ibid note 
13. 

Fortrie, John, incumbent Hamsey, 100. 

Foster, Robert, gift to Battel Abbey, 20. 

Fowle, John, praying bequest to, 199. 

Foxerle hundred, non-resident barons 
in, 67. 



Fozell, John, incumbent, Amberley, 231. 

Frael villa, Anselm de, his gift to Battel 
Abbey, 30. 

Franchame park, deerstealers in, 120. 

Frant, 120. 

Freeland, H. W, Esq. Kte MP. for 
Chichester. 79. 99 160. 234. 

Freehuid, J. B, Esq. 57. 234. 

Freemantel. a residence of Hen III, 
supply of Sussex nails sent to, 117. 
See also note 8 on same page. 

French, incursion of the, 74 Their in- 
vasions and burnings of Rye, 124. 
The like as to Seafoid, 147. 

French family, mortuary inscriptions, 
101. 242. 

French, Thomas, benevolence contribu- 
tion, 153. 

Fretton, William, a felon parson, escape 
from prison of, 1 99 

Freynsh Gilbert de. presentation, 107. 

Fridai, Simon, subsidy assessment, 163. 

Frith (or forth) meaning of, 142. 

Fryars, Will, 87. 

Frye, Johannes, Pevensey baron, 66. 

Fulbaun, William, presentation, 104. 

Fuller, Catherine and Robert, mortuary 
inscriptions, 211. 

Fuller, Thomas, church historian, on 
Battel Abbey, 48. 

Fuller, John, stipendiary priest. Rye, 
128. 

Fulnetty, Thomas, Cinque Ports lieu- 
tenant, 148. Secreted wrecks seized 
by him, 149. 

Funtington manor given to Battel 
Abbey, 26 

Fumer, Samuel, (two of the name) mor- 
tuary inscriptions, 242, 243. 

Furtho tee Forth, 60 

Fustom, Walter, subs. ass. 162. 

Fyndon, early presentations to, 107. 

Fywe, Will, subsidy assessment, 146. 



Gage, Sir John, constable of the tower, * 
his report on Battel Abbey, 48. His 
monument, ibid note. His daughter's 
husband, 49. Sword of mamtenance 
possessed by him, and given away by 
his descendant, 52. 

Gage-Rokewood, John, Esq, subject of a 
paper by, 30, note. 

Game sent from Sussex in 1245 for the 
king's use, 118. Consequences of the 
clandestine pursuit of it, 1 19* 1^* 

Gardine, Wm. atte, subs. ass. 144. 

Garett, or Gerard, Thomas, vicar of 
Sutton, with Seaford, 161. 

Garwynton, Rob. de, presentation, 105. 

Gaunsted, William, presentation, 106. 



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272 



INDEX. 



Oannstede, Balph, vicar, Seaford, 160. 

Gearinf?, widow, burial entry, 238. 

Gebyon, Dugon, subs. ass. 144. 

Gedding, Walter de, his retura of liye 
stock at Amberley, 193. 

Geere, Rev. D. his pugilistic eaoounter 
with a magistrate, 160. 

Geffrai, Thomas, subs. ass. 163. 

Gestlynge, or Guestling, hundred and 
parish, non-resident barons in, 68. 
Publications relating to, 174. 

Gibbon, Charles, on the dedication of 
Amberley Church, 231. 

Gibson, Thomas and wife, mortuary iu- 
Bcription, 240. 

Gilbert, bishop, tee Saint Leofardo. 

Gilford, Sir John, of Rolvenden, con- 
spiracy charged upon, 80. 

Glapin, Warren de, Seaford lands of, 
143. 

Glaxebrook, John, mortuary inscription, 
103. 

Glazye, Battel Abbey possession, 9. 

Gloucester, Robert of, 2. 

Glynd, early presentation to, 104. 

Goda and Eadgyfee, suit between, 71. 

Godden children, mortuary inscription, 
242. 

Godfrey, Ifr, (Romney) Cinque Ports, 
committeman, 140. 

Goldewyne, John, subs. ass. 162. 

Goldwitti, Arnold, incumbent, Amberley, 
234. 

Goldyene, Henry, mayor of Rye, 64. 

Goreing '* Elizabeth ladie,** burial entry, 
2»7. 

Goring, Henry of Higden, and Henry 
Goring, of Burton, joint custodians of 
Hamsey manor, 82. 

Goring, Sir William, 216. 

Goringe, Walter, subs, assessment, 162. 

Gosetrouwe hundred, non-resident 
barons in, 67. 

Gouldsmith, Mr, jurat, Seaford, mob 
attack on, 160. 

Gratwick, Edward, 152. Jurat Seaford 
156. Gratwicke, Thomas, benevolence 
contribution, 153. Gratwick, William, 
Seaford rents received by, 151, note 37. 

Gratwicks, the, and their quarrels with 
the Elphicks and the Seaford corpora- 
tion, 158, 159. 

Gbeatham House, by Rev. Edward 
Turner, M.A, 108—114. Result of 
efforts at modernization, 108. Abor- 
tive attack of commonwealth forces 
upon the bridge, 109. Changes 
in and outside of the house, ibid. 
Connection of the Mille family with 
it, 110—112. ISee MUle.] Discoveiy 
of earthenware bottles in 1843, their 
contents, date, &c, 113,114. 



Greene Edward, a oenteDariao, 237. 
Gregory, Pope, privileges granted to the 

abbots of Battel by, 46. 
Greenhall, Elizabeth, married to Sir 

George Croxton ShifFher 92. 
Greenwich, west, Kent, lorda of the 

manor of 72, 73. 
Grenestede (Grinstead) early presenta- 
tions to, 105. 
Grestein Abbey, orant to, 145. 
Grevet, Peter, presentation, 105. 
"Greybeards,*' earthenware bottles so 

called, 114. 
Gronel, Ralph, vicar of Sutton, 161. 
Grove, Mrs, Sussex martyr, 165. 
Grurabridge Martha, peooliar borial 

entry of. 237. 
Gryfiyn, Richard, presentation, 105 
Gryne, Chris, incumbent, Hania^, 100. 
Guernsey, conger-eel a favourite disli io, 

115 note, 
Guestling, tee Gestlynge. 
Gundulph. bishop of Rochester, 1 1. 
Guy family, mortuary inscriptions. 99. 

102. 
Gwilt, C. E, reference to a paper by, 30 

note, 
Gwynne, Wm, incumbent, Hamsey, 100. 
Gyles, John, incumbent, Kinfield, GO. 
Gyles, William, sen. and jun. mortuary 

inscriptions, 243, 244. 



Hailsham, non-resident barons in, 66b 

Hale, John de, presentation, 106. 

Hall, Sir Robert, vicar of Sutton widi 
Seaford, 161. 

Halle. Henry, fiommiasio jfenUemtimrii 
issued to, 198 

Hallum, Robert, presentation, 104. 

Hallywell, Charles, vicar of Sutton with 
Seaford, 161. 

Hals, Richard, presentation, 107. 

Hamelewedfoid, 40. 

Hamman, ElizabeUi, burial entry of tfas 
suspicious death of, 62. 

Hamme, Gilbert and wife, lioense for 
mass granted to, 249. 

Hammond. John, incumbent, Ninfield, 61 . 

Hamond, John, sacristan, and last abbot 
of Battel, 22. 46. 

Hampton, Thos. de, presentation, 106. 

Hamset, Pabochial Histobt c^ by 
Robert Chapman, Esq, 70—103. Its 
extent, boundaries, soil, etymology, 
and aspect, 70, 71. Manorial JSiitory, 
Domesday references, 71. Socoeesive 
owners, the De Says, 72 — 75. The De 
Clyntons, 76—78. The Dudleys, 7a 
The Lewknors, 7^—81. The Al^nda, 
81, 82. Recent and present ownsES^ 



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INDEX. 



273 



83. Families resident and holding 
land at divers dates, subsidj assess- 
ments, ko, 83—87. The Rivera 
family, 87—89. The Bridgers, 89— 
91. The Bhifihers, 91, 92. JScolen- 
astical Higtory and Churek Note», 
First church, value of the living in 
early times, 93. Church built by the 
De Says, 94, 96. "The Founder's 
Tomb,'* by and to whom raised ? 95 — 
97. Other monuments and monu- 
mental inscriptions, 97 — 99. A de- 
prived incumbent and his successor, 
99. List of incumbents, 100. In- 
scriptions in the church yard, 101— 
108. Addendum, 250. 

" Hangman's post," Battel Abbey, U. 

Hanley, John, incumbent of Amberley 
and Houghton, 234 

Harben, Mr. T, magistrate, his pugilistio 
encounter at Seaford, 160. 

Harburgh, Henry, presentation, 107. 

Haroourt, Rev. Mr and Hon. Krs, 
courteous act of, 204. See 209, 224, 225. 

Hardham Priory, remains of, 109. 

Hare, Francis bishop of Chichester, 
clergyman expelled from the diocese 
by^ 61. 9u^, 18. 

Hare, Robert, incumbent, Kinfield. 61. 

Harewe, John de, presentation, 105. 

Harfleur, Sussex wheat sent to, 1 18. 

Harold, King, 1. Altar raised where his 
body was found, 2. Sculptured head, 
13. Manor once his property, 28. 

Harris, Dr, on the Leuga, 7. On the 
site of Battel town, 26. 

Harris, John, presentation, 105. 

Harrison, Mr, commonwMilth minister 
at Ninfleld, 60. 

Harryson, Robert, incumbent of Am- 
berley, 234. 

Harsnett, Samuel, Bishop of Chichester, 
swan-mark fee paid by, 216. 

Hart, John, tokens of, 257. 

Harwood, Mr, sub-tenant of Amberley, 
courtesy of, 225. 

Haselgrove, Edw, subs. ass. 85. 

Hastings, battle of, 1. Bailiff's seal, 
temp, Edw. Ill, 65. Early presenta- 
tions of incumbents to its churches, 
105, 106. Local Acts, topographic 
and other works relating to the town 
and port, 174 — 177. Cinque Porte' 
summons, 258. 

Hastings, Matthew, grant of free warren 
to, 58. 

Hastings, Repentance, deputy portreve, 
Seaford, 148. Sharing in a wreck, 
149. 

Hastings, Robert de, 257. 

Havri<£esworth, Herts, Says manor in, 
74. 

XVIL 



Hawkins, Samuel, hearth tax. 87. 
Hawkherste, "The Wyneyard" in, 32. 
Fair, 89. 

Haye, Levota, widow of Robert de, 20. 

Hayley, Rev. W, on the Ninfield registers, 
57. 

Hayne, alioi Grasyer, Richard, property 
settiedon 112. 

Hay wode, Solomon, presentatlonj 106. 

Heame, Mr, a Lincolnshire justice, his 
ill usage of a Sussex merchant and 
star chamber punishment, 134. 

Hearth tax return, remnant of a, 87. 

Heathfield tower, references to, 177. 

Hebbe, Adam, subsidy assessment, 145. 

Heoilande, Battel Abbey, 9. 

Heghton, non resident barons in, 69. 

Helior, Thomas, presented to Hamaey, 
80. 97. 100. 

Hemmington, Henry, incumbent, Ham- 
sey. 100. 

Hendiman, John, ) Subsidy assess- 

Hendman, Walter, ) ments, 163. 

Henry I. and Battel Abbey, 26. 27- 42. 

Henry II, fining a bishop, 121. 

Henry III, his merciless levies on Battel 
Abbey, 33. His order on Sussex for 
archers, 117. His dealings with Sea- 
ford, 143. 

Henry lY, calling on his people to arm 
against invadm, 198. 

Henry VI, object of license granted to 
John de Clynton by, 76. 

Henry YII, exertions of the Lewknors 
for, 80. 8tt 209. 

Henry VIII, grants of Battel Abbeypoe- 
sessions by, 24. 49. See 209. 

Henty, Harriet, mortuary inscription, 
103. 

Heresworth, William, Edward St John's 
cause of complaint against, 120. 

Heringaud foraily, 178 note. 

Heron, Sir William, marriage and death 
of, 74. Hospital founded by him, 75. 

Herooies in Sussex, 122. 

Hprtfelde, early presentations to, 106. 

Hervy, Walter, subsidy assessment, 58. 

Heryng, John, presentation, 106. 

Hide, Mr, (Seaford) "a minister of 
the town " suspicions entertained to- 
wards, 149. Ralph Hide's share in 
a wreck, ibid, John and W. Hide 
at a wreck, 150. Names of the family 
on the musketeers' list, 152. Samud 
Hide, jurat and bailifE, 155. 159. 

Higf orde, John, trusteeship joined in by, 
77. 

Highways, Sussex, bequest for mending 
the, 216. 

Hilary, Bishop o( Chichester, quarrel 
between the Abbot of Battel and, 84. 



M 2 



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274 



INDEX. 



Hills, Mr Gordon M. ohuroh restored by, 
206. 

Hobey, William, subsidy assessment, 
144. First M.P. for Seaford, 

Hody, John, joint assignee of Hamsey, 76. 

Hogge, Alice, Rye baron's widow, 125. 

Hokere, William, Rye baron, 125. 

Holbome, Thoe. de, presentation, 105. 

Holingdale family, mortuary inscrip- 
tions, 102, 108. 

Holingtune, or Holllngton, Battel Abbey, 
land in, 9. 

Hollebond, William, Seaford, condition 
of grant of commonage to, 157. 

Holloway's "History of Rye," &c, 128. 
128. 135. 179. 

Holte, Robert atte, subsidy assessments, 
84. 

Hoo family, gifts to Battel Abbey by, 
20,21. 

Hooe, Hoo, or Hon, and Ninfield, 9. 57. 
60. 177. See Ninfield. 

Hoo-marsh, Battel Abbey lands in, 80. 

Hoofe, Boger, rioar of Seaford, 160. 

Hope parish, non-resident barons in, 69- 

Hopper, Mr Clarence, result of his 
searches in re Bernard!, 210, 211. 

Horseshoes and nails, quantities sent 
from Sussex by royal order, 117. 

Horsfield, Sussex historian, on Battel 
deanery, 84. 

Horsham, Battel Abbey lands in, 20. 
Early presentations, 104. Famous for 
arrowsj 116. 

Horsman, John, Seaford, sharer in a 
wreck, 149. 

Horsted Parra, singular record relative 
to an early rector of, 249. 

Hosman, Alex, Sussex martyr, 165. 

Hoton, John, warden of St. Bartholo- 
mew's, Rye, 186. 

Hou, tee Hoo. 

Houghton woods, an unlicensed hunter 
in, 121. Population, 185. H. Bridge 
1 87. Bishop Christophereon's bequest 
to it, 215. Further on same subject, 
ihid note, H. Ferry 190. H. Chapel, 
192, 194. H. Chase, 193. H. Port 
shattered by inundation, 200. Bishop 
Story*s bequest to the church ibid. 
Hour-glass stand there 288. List of 
incumbents 234. 

Hour-glass stands in churches. 282, 288. 

Howell, John, and wives, Thomas H, 
William H. and William H, jun, 
mortuary inscriptions, 102. 

Hewlett, Frances, mortuary inscription. 

Hudson, John, subsidy assessment, 85. 

Hughes, Mr, on the various kinds of 
deans, 35. 

Hulle, Vincent, Rye baron, 125. 

Hunter, Joseph, F.S. A. 69. 



Hunting in old time in Sussex, ISO. 

Offences of bishops and earis : btil 

adventure of Walter de la Hsre, 131. 

Allowances to the king's huntsmen, 

licenses to hunt, kc, 121, 122. 
Hurdis, Thomas, vicar of Suttoo with 

Seaford, 161. 
Hurstmonceux castle, church, and boose, 

works referring to, 177, 178. 
Husbands, Thomas, fugitive commoD- 

wealth leaders aided to escape by, 150. 

"An ancient grey man,'* 151. 
Hutohenson, Charles (1 6th cent), riesr 

of Sutton with Seaford, 161. 
Hutchinson, Chas. Edw. (1817),viciro! 

Sutton with Seaford, 161. 
Hutchinson, James and Cteoige, inenm- 

bents, Amberley 284. 
Hutton, Dr, extracts from colleetioDS of, 

104—107. 
Hydenye, Simon de, Pevensey baron, 7& 
Hykeling, John, subs. ass. 145. 



Icklesham (Ikkesham), non-resideot 
barons in, 68. Topographic notices, 
178. 

Iden, early presentation to, 106. Boyil 
heronry, 122. 

Iden, William, burial entry of, 6S. 

Iford, antiquities found at, 245. 

Immere, or Mere, Richard de, presents* 
tion, 105. 

Incumbencies, tee Sussex Incumbeodes. 

Ingram, or Ingeram, Robert, Willism. 
and Stephen, subsidy aasessments, 58, 
59. Antiquity of the name, 59. 

Islip, Simon de, presentation, 105. 



Jacket, Wm, subsidy assessment, 144. 
Jackson, John, Esq, Governor of Bengal 

and his daughter Mary, 91. 98. 
Jackson, Ralph, incumbent, Hamiff. 

100. 
Jarvis, John, sharer in a wreck, 149. 
Jeffery, John and Sarah, mortuarr i>- 

scription, 102. 
Jcnkens, Tho. subsidy assessment, 87. 
Jevyngton parish, non-resident baiuos 

in, 66. 
Joce, Richard, Rye baron, 126. 
John of Gaunt, 42. 
John, King, his visits and gifts to Bsttrl 

Abbey. 38. Privilege granted to hin». 

41 . Object of pass granted by him n 

Simon de Avrenches, 142. 
Johnson, Elizabeth, married to Sir 

Geo. Shifiher, 91, 92. 
Johnson, Mr. E. W. 284. 



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275 



Johnson, W, subsidy aiaessroent, 85. 
Jones, Robert, his riotous conduct at 

Seaford, 169. 
Jordan, Laurence, presentation, 106. 
Juxon, Archbishop, incumbent instituted 

by, 61. 



Kade, Walter, ordained deacon, 119. 

Eaynes, Willielmus de, 256. 

Eemble, J. M. on ' Brooks, * 187 note 5. 

Kempe, Cardinal, afterwards Arch- 
bi^op, church built by, 25. 

Kempe, Wm, subsidy assessment, 87. 

Kenaale, Henry and John de, presenta- 
tions, 105, 106. 

Eennett, White, on the office of dean, 35. 

Kentwode, Reginald, dean of St. Paul'B,76. 

Kenyngton, John de, presentation, 105. 

Ketlyng, Alan de, Abbot of Battel. 46. 
See also the note on p. 47. 

Keymer church, discovery of mural 
paintings in, 249, 250. Sussex token 
found, 254. 

Eidd, John, and family, mortuary in- 
scription, 241. 

Killingbeck, Thomas, subs. ass. 87. 

King, Henry, bishop of Chichester, in- 
cumbent instituted by, 61. 

King, John, hearth tax, 87. 

King, Ann and Thomas, mortuary in- 
scription, 103. 

King's galleys built at Rye, 123. 

Kinganoth, East, Battel Abbey dairy at, 
29. 

Kingston Bow8ey,nowKingston-by-Sea, 
Grant of the manor of, 80. Altar- 
tomb in the church, 97. 

Kirdford, or Keurdford, 110. 120. 

Kirkham, Robert, presentation, 106. 

Knight, Thomas, vicar of Sutton with 
Seaford, 161. 

Koleman, R, subsidy assessment, 144. 

Korton, Nicholas de, presentation, 107. 

Kynardeftton, R, presentation, 105. 

Kyng, Simon and John le, subsidy as- 
sessments, 145, 146. 

Kytley, Martha, Rye baron's widow, 125. 



Lake, Mr, commonwealth minister, Nin- 
field, 60. 

Lambarde. Kentish topographer, on Wye 
manor, 25 note. 

Lambe, Mr, (Hythe) Cinque Ports com- 
mitteeman, 140. 

Lambert, jun, drawing by, 95. 

Lamporte, Rich, and John de, subsidy 
assessments, 84. 

Lancaster, John of Qaunt,duke of ,42. 116. 



Langdon, Edmund, and his Planetarium, 
246. 

Langcbregge hundred, non-resident 
Cinque Ports barons in, 67. 

Langridge, George, mortuary inscrip- 
tion, 102. 

Langton, John de. Bishop of Chichester, 
alleged building at Amberley by, 193. 

Langton, Wm. de, presentation, 104. 

Lashmer, James and Elizabeth, mor- 
tuary inscription, 101. 

Late, Richard, vicar of Sutton, 161. 

Laughton manor, oratory at, 249. 

La Warre, Thomas West Lord, 79. 

Layton, Richard, on the state of Battel 
Abbey, 48. 

Leg, Richard, incumbent Amberley, 234. 

Leknor, Gilbert le, subsidy assessment, 
145 

Leland, John, on the foundation of 
Battel Abbey, 4. On its library, 47. 

Lemon, Richard, commonwealth fugi- 
tives taken to France by, 151. 

Lenthal, Sir Rowland and wife, 83. 

Leominster, Sussex, (Loveminstre) 107. 

Letford, Roger de, presentation, 104. 

Leuca, Leuga, Leucate, Lowy, ety- 
mology and origin of the term, 6, 7. 
Extent, &c, of Battel Abbey Leuga, 8. 
9. 38. 41. 

Leverton, Alan de, presentation, 104. 

Levett, Wm, jurat, Seaford, 152. 155. 

Lewes, Battel Abbey possessions in, 28. 
Allowance to the '< Scheie," 82. Mem- 
bers of Parliament, 79. 81. 88. 89. 
Predatory doings of the parson of St 
John, 94. See 33. 84. 87. 

Lewes Priory, messenger sent for stone 
for, 143. Inference therefrom, ibid 
note, PosscHsions in Seaford, 152. 

Lewis, Geo. Wenham, Hamsey pos- 
sessed and sold by, 82. 

Lewkenor or Lewknor family, possessors 
of Hamsey, 79—81. The Lewknor 
tomb at Kingston, 97. Original high 
position of the family, 237 note, Luck- 
nor, and *'naeluck" a relic of the 
family 239. 

Lewkenor, Frey, tenant of Amberley, 2 1 7. 
Register entries of baptism of his 
daughter, death of his son, and of his 
own death " unbaptized," 237. 

Lewkenor, Roger, Bishop Story's bequest 
to, 200. 

Lewkenor, Thomas, his petition (1649) 
to the commonwealth Parliament, and 
precis of same, 2l9. 

Lewknor, Anthony, 79 note, 

Lewknor, Christopher, M. P. for Chiches > 
ter, deprived of his lands, 81. 

Lewknor, Dorothy, grant by Queen 
Mary to, 80. 

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INDEX. 



Lewknor, Edwud, Baoheator of Bonex, 
79. 

Lewknor, Edward, son of above, ad- 
mitted to Grays Inn, 79. Groom 
porter to Edw. VI, 80. Implicated in 
a conspiracy against Queen Mary, 80. 
81. 97. 

Lewknor, Sir John, attainted, 80. 

Lewknor, Richard, of Trotton, property 
taken by, 97. 

Lewknor, Thomas, M.P. for Lewes, 79. 

Lewknor, Thomas, A.B, presented to 
Hamsey, 80. 97. 100. 

Lewknor, Thomas, of Preston, som* 
moned for knighthood, 80. 

Lewknor, Thomas, of Selsey, dtation 
and petition of, 81. 

Lichfield, Thomas de, presentation an- 
nulled, 105. 

Liminesfelde, or Limpsfelde manor, 
Surrey, granted to Battel Abbey, 28. 

Lincoln, Edward baron Clynton, created 
earl of, 76. 

Linfield family, mortuary inscription, 
102. 

Littleton, Edward, incumbent Amberley 
and Houghton, 284. 

Lirersidge, John, incumbent, Hamsey, 
100. 

Lodegarshall, 120. 

London Bridge, exemption granted to 
Battel Abb^, relative to, 27. 

London, «m Tower. 

LcMidon, Henry de, presentation, 106. 

Londoneys, Bobert, first M.P. for Win- 
chdsea, 67 nete, 

Loney, Elias, Rye baron, 125. 

Long, Bobert, warden of St. Bartholo- 
mew's, Rye, 186. 

Longe, John, subsidy assessment, 146. 

Lovel, John, king's huntsman, allow- 
ances to, 121. 

Loyeminstre (now Leominster) Sussex, 
presentation to, 107. 

Kwrm^^tte, hte^^,^^ 

Loteiian, William, J ™"^**' ^^2- 

Lower fomily, mortuary inscriptions. 248 

Lower, Mark Antony, Esq, M Jl, F.S.A. 

on points connected with Battel Abbey, 

6. 7. 8. 44. 46. Mte 52. On ety- 

mology of Amberley. 186 fute. Story 

of a medieval seal, 192 note. On 

antiquities found at Iford, 245. On 

the Scrase &mily, 248. On bronie 

celts and Roman ums, 254, 255. On 

the Newton tombstones at Southover, 

268, 269 Jointiy with W. D. Cooper, 

Esq, F.S.A, on further memorials of 

Seaford, 141—168. SeelU. 164. 170. 

211. iSM also Seaford. 

Lowy, see Leuca. 



Luard, M^or, aw Woodman. 

Lucas and Washer families, mortauy 
inscription, 241. 

Lucy, Walter de, hospital attscbed to 
Battel Abbey by, 28. His quml 
with Bishop Hilary, 84. Short notioe 
of him, 45. 

Ludlow, Edmund, commonwealth gen- 
eral, his escape, 150, 151. 

Ludlow, Thomas de, cellarer, prior, sad 
abbot of Battel, 29. 46. 52. 

Lukin, Mr, (Fordwich) Cinque Fdita 
committeeman, 140. 

Lullam, Walter, ordained deacon, 199. 

Lulleham, Rich, de, sub& ass. 146. 

Lunan, Alex, incumbent, Ninfldd, 61. 

Luxf ord, Mr, merchant, Rye, maltmted 
by a Lincolnshire justice, 132. 

Lycbemond, Ralph, subs. ass. 84. 

Lydbury, John, Abbot of Battel, 46. 

Lymburg, or Lymberg, Adam de, pre- 
sentations, 105. 107. 

Lyneford, William de, piescn tatioiu, 
105. 107. 

Lyttelton, Bishop, on the architeetonoC 
Battel Abbey, 50, 5L 



Mabbe, Nicholas, subsidy 
85. The then largest owner of propeitf 
in Hamsey, ihid. Abstract of bit 
will, 86. Particulars relating tbenlOt 
ibidnffte. 

Mabbott,Mrs, last of the Newtons, New- 
ton, of Souihover, 259, 260. 

Mainard, W, Sussex martyr, 166. 

Mailing pond, sale by King Richard XL 
of the fish in, 119. 

Mancel, John, subsidy aaseasment, 146. 

Manfleld, Edward, hearth tax, 87. 

Manners, Heniy, incumbent, Ambsrii^ 
284. 

Manningham, Thomas, bidK^ of Ciri- 
chester,Amberley demised (notdevised) 
by, 228 

Manser, of ** Pettesworth,** port tr»- 
surer, 145. 

Marohant, John, and wife, mortnaiy is- 
Bcription (iron plate) 240 

Marchant, Thomas, mortuary Inscrip- 
tion, 240. 

Marchaunt, John, subs. ass. 146. 

Marobaunt, Paul and Robert, Bye 
barons, 125. 

Mare, de la, tee De la Mare. 

Marescall, or le Mareehall, Elia, subodlj 
assessments. 144. 145. 168. 

Maresco. Qoslenn de, permitted to hcU 
land, 58. 

Maresfield, early English gold ooin foood 
Bi, 252. 



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277 



Markewike, William, Jolm, and Alan, 
and Thomas Markes, subsidy assess- 
ments, 85. 

Harmontier Abbey or monastery, 4. 
Besult of attempts to subjugate Battel 
Abbey to it, 42. 

Marquick, William, subs. ass. 87. 

Marsh, Richard, on right of wreck, 148. 

Marshalsea, liberty of the king's, 42. 

Martin, Mr, of Pulborough, result of an 
analysis by, 113. 

Mary (Tudor) Queen, opposition of the 
Lewknors to, 80. 

Maunsell, Thomas, presentation, 105. 

Maynard, J, mortuary' inscription, 240. 

Mechyng, early presentation to, 106. 

Meleward, see MulewanL 

Melkere, Johannes, Pevensey baron, 66. 

Melton, Alan de, payment for corrody 
for, 44. 

Merritt, Mr. Henry, on the old paintings 
at Amberley, 208. 218. 

Meraale, Nioholaus, Pevensey baron, 66. 

Merssham, or Meresham, William, 
Abbot of Battel, short notice of, 46. 
See 47 note, 

Merton, Thomas, presentation, 104. 

Messengers* allowances, temp. Hen. m, 
148. 

Metheglin found at Greatham, 118. 

Mexfeld, lordship given to Battel Abbey, 
20. * 

Mevrick, Dr, Battel Abbey sword given 
to, 52. 

Micheoonne, John de, subs. ass. 162. 

Michelboume, Thomas, grant of a re- 
cusant's lands to, 87. 

Micheldovere, William de, sheriff, 128. 

Michelham Priory posseissions in Sea- 
ford, 152. 

Middleton, John, hearth tax, 87. 

Midleton, Bdward, subsidy assessment, 
87. See Uydelton. 

Michnore, Samuel, hearth tax, 87. 

Mighell, Joseph, Hamsey manor bought 
by, 88. 

Milcooke, Mr (Lydd) Cinque Ports 
committeeman, 140. 

Mill, Nath. schoolmaster. Kinfield,6d. 

Mille, otherwise atte Mulne, or atto 
Mulle : antiquity, armorial bearings, 
and residence of the family, 110. 
Side taken by them in the struggles 
with Charles I, 111. Family bunal 
place, ibid. Marriage alliances ; the 
Milles of Camois Court &c, 112. Fee 
paid for renewing the family swan- 
mark, ibid. See Mulle. 

Milwards and Ingrams, 69. See Mule, 
ward. 

Monking Washe, 86 ncte. 87. 

Montague family and Battel Abbey, 18. 



Removal of the refectory roof by 
Anthony, first Viscount, 16. Lease of 
dlsparked lands by Francis, Viscount, 
3d. Alienation of the abbey and 
lands by Anthony, sixth Viscount, 49. 

Montague, Richard, Bishop of Chiches- 
ter, 216. Badge suggestive of him, 228. 

Monteagle, Wm. Parker, Lord, Seaford 
granted to, 151. 

Moore, Robert, incumbent of Amberleyi 
284. 

Moore, Sarah, mortuary inscription. 108. 

More, John, warden of St. Bartholo- 
mew's, Rye, 186. 

More, Thomas, subsidy assessment, 87. 

Morehall manor in Ninfield, 59. 

Morgan, Aon, 'a travelling woman,* 
burial entry, 238. 

Morgan, Jonathan, vicar of Sutton with 
Seafoid. 161. 

Moris, Margery and James, Sussex mar- 
tyrs, 165. 

Morton, Cardinal Archbishop, petition 
of John, lord Clynton to, 77, 78. 

Morton, earl, his rape, 71. 

Muleward, or Meleward, Hamon le, sub- 
sidy assessmento, 58, 59. 

Mulle, Alice atte, '*nief** of Lord 
Arundel, ill-treated, Ac, 120. 

Mundham, 110. 

Muner,John,of Stretham charge against, 
234 1147^64. 

Mural paintings in Keymer church, 249, 
250. 

Murohe, Thos, subsidy assessment, 85. 

Myddton, Robert de, subs, ass, 144. 

N. 

Nails, tee Horseshoes. 

Nash. Edwin, F.S.A. on the founder's 
tomb, Hamsey, 96. 

Nasseday, Regina and MatUda, subsidy 
assessments, 84. 

Natbeby, Edw. instituted to Ninfield, 61. 

Natsend, Robert de, presentation, 107. 

Nettlebord, Thomas, mortuary inscrip- 
tion, 103. 

Nevill, George, Knt, 79. 

Neville, Ralph de, bishop of Chichester, 
and Ix>rd Chancellor. live stock on the 
manors of, 119. Constructor of Am- 
berley chancel, 190, 229. A glimpse 
at his affairs. 191 

Newburgh, Michael de, damage sus- 
tained fh>m French invaders by, 147. 

Newcastle, dukedom of, 76. 

Newe. George, portreve, Seaford. 148. 

Newman, Richard and wife ; Robert, 
and wife, mortuary inscriptions, 241. 



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278 



INDEX. 



Neirmarket, ceremony oti the appoini- 
ment of a new incumbent to. 19. 

Newnham, Ann, mortoary uuoription, 
101. 

Newton family, of Southover, its settle- 
ment, intermarriages, descendants, 
&o., 258,259. Discovery of tombstones 
to members of the family, 259. 

Kewton, John, abbot of Battel. 46. 

Nidrefeld (Ninfield) Battel Abbey 
lands in. 9. 

Nine Worthies of the World, 205 nots, 

Ninfield and its Reoistsrs, edited 
from the MSS. of the late Bey. John 
Sharpe, A.B, by W. D. Ck>oper, Esq, 
FS,A, 57—68. Bev. W. Hayleys 
disparaging note, 57. Frequent 
changes in the spelliog of the place, 
57, 58. Successive owners at early 
dates, 58, 59. Impoverishment of the 
place and its cause, 59. Endowment 
of the vicarage, ibid. List of incum- 
bents, 60, 61. Donors to the poor 
and to the church, 61. Effects of a 
gpeat storm, 62. Notable burial en- 
tries, ibid. Trades, &o, carried on 
in 1681 ; educational mmute, ko,, 63. 

Noble, Adam and John le, subsidy] 
ments, 144, 145, 146. 

Non, or Noon, Richard le. subsidy i 
ments, 144, Wi. 

Nonss BoU, extracts from the, 59. 
66. 

Norchden, Simon, j Subsidy 

Norchynne, Ad. V assessments, 

Norder, Symon, I 84. 

Norden, Bev S deprived of his living, 
99. Date of his induction, 1 00. 

Norfolk, Thomas, duke of, 79. John, 
duke, and Alisnora, duchess of, 83. 
William de Bohun, earl of, 146. 

North. Robert and Joan, mortuary in- 
scriptions, 248. 

Northbume, John de, Abbot of Battel, 
46. 

Northstoke early preBentation to, 106. 

Northward, Thomas, Rye baron, 125. 

Norton, Thomas, presentation, 105. 

Nowell, Robert, vicar of Sutton with 
Seaford, 161. 

Noyes, T. H. Esq. on the Newton family, 
258. 

Nuremburg tokens found in Sussex ; 
two described, 253. Frequent findings 
of such in the county, ibid, 

Nutboume manor, 112. Nuthurst, ibid, 

Nytimber, 79. 83. 



Ockeden, Wm, ) Subsidy 
Ockne, John, j ments, 84. 145. 



Offham, various spelltnga of the : 

71. New church, 93. 
Offington, Broadwater, 81. 
Offiogton, Hamo de, Abbot of Battel, 41 

His gallant defence of Winchelsei, 46. 

Metrical legend thereof, ^id neU, 
Oghemound, Ralph, ) Subsidy asaesh 
Oke, Ralph atte, j menta, 84. 
Okenden, John, benevolence ooatriba* 

tion of, 153. 
Oldham, Jsgper, presented to Thtke- 

ham, 112. 
Olive, Rich, mortuary inscription, 243. 
Oliver, Rev. Dr, on a Priory founded it 

Bxeter by Battel Abbey, 53. 
Oliver, Robert, port treasurer, 145. 
Oratories licensed by Bishop Robert 

Reade, 249. 
Ordeal by water described, 25 naU' 
Ore parish, non-resident Cinque PorU 

barons in, 67. Monumental brass ia 

the church, 178. 
Ouse river, 70. 71. 94. 
Outy, William, presentation, 105. 
Overton, Stephen, ordained priest, 199. 

Licensed to non-residenoe, ibid 
Oxenbridge, Adam, mayor of Bye, 125. 
Oxenbridge, Sir Ckxidard, knt, 126. 
Oxenbridge, Thos, Serjeant at-law, 126. 
Oysel, Richard and bimon, suUidj 

assessments, 162. 



Pagden family, mortuary m8oriptiott,241 
Page, Rich. ; Page, John ; Paget, Wm. 

subsidy assessments, 84, 85. 
Pageham (Pagham) early presentatkiB, 

105. 
Pallium, -given by William the God* 

queror to Battel Abbey, 11. 
Palmar, Wm. le ) subsidy asseu- 
Palmer, John ) menta, 162, 163. 
Palmer, Sir Thomas, sen. knt, petitioft 

joined in by, 81. 
Pannett family, mortuary inaeriptioiU) 

101. 
Pardon, peculiar exercise of the right ot 

42. 
Pardieu, John ) poaching oomplaints 
Parker, Adam f against, 120. 
Parker, Qeorge, Amberley assigned to 

224. Registry entry ooncemins him, 

228. 
Parry, J. D. (Coast of Sussex historiao) 

doubtful hypothesis of, 8. 
Parsons, offencescommitted by; sacrilege 

highway robbery, and bni^glary, 9i 

Deer stealing. 119. Felony sad 

escape from prison, 199. Panwo- 

pugilists, 160. One pensioned to Ave 

him from begging, 198. 



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279 



PanoDB, Mr Stephen, transcripts far- 

nished by, 57. 99 note. 
Parstepe, Ralph, subs. ass. 145, 146. 
Partington, Thomas Whalley, Hamsey 

manor purchased by, 83. 
Partington, Thomas, and wife and 

daughter, mortuary inscriptions, 99. 
Parys Matthew, Rye baron, 125. 
Paulyn, John. Rye barou, 125. 
Paulyn, Robert, Winohelsea baron, 

manor granted by Edw. I. to, 122. 
Payn, Wm, highway robbery on, 94. 
Payne, Edmund, portreve, Seaford, 148. 
Payne, John and William, subsidy 

assessments, 85. 
Peachey, Sir James, Amberley leased to, 

224. Term, rentals, &o. ibtd note, 
Pebelow, Sir Robert, parson of West- 
bourn, 75. 
Peckham, Henry, incumbent Amberley 

and Houghton, 284. 
Pedder, Walter, subsidy assessment. 58. 
Pedyth, John, ordained a brother of 

Arundel College 199. 
Peers, Sir, rioar of Bourne, 75. 
Pek, John le, subsidy assessment, 146. 
Pelharo, John, forestership conferred 

upon, 122. 
Pelbam, John, and wife, mass license 

granted to, 249. 
Pelham, Sir John, gift to Battel Abbey 

by, 29. &s 76 naU 16. 
Pelham, Sir Nicholas, repulse of the 

French by, 147. 
Pelham, Thomas de, dismissed from 

office for inefficiency, 248. 
Pelham possessions in Seaford, 151, 152. 
Pelhams, clerical pugilistic champions 

for the, 160. 
Helipar, Alex, and Goero, subsidy as- 
sessments, 144. 
Pellatt, Thomas, of LeweSi 112. 
Penbrigge, John, vicar of Sutton, 161. 
Penfold, John, vicar of Sutton with 

Seaford, 161. 
Penlyn, Nicholas, Bye baron. 125. 
Pennington, John, mortuary inscription, 

242. 
Peplesham, Hugh de, service annexed to 

tenure of land by, 257. 
Perchynne, Edm, subs, assessment, 84. 
Perkins, Mr, minister of Ninfield, 60. 
Perry, A. H. on discovery of bronse 

celts and Roman pottery, 254, 255. 
Peter the Great, destructive amusement 

indulged in by, 72 ntfte. 
Peter the hermit and the hermitage at 

Seaford, 143. 
Pette, or Pett, non-resident Cinque Ports 

barons in, 68. Local act of parlia- 
ment, 178. 
Petworth, early presentations to, 105. 



Pevenese or Pevensey, John de, abbot of 
Battel, 46. His true christian name, 
58. 

Pevensey barons enumerated (1342) in 
the NonsB Roll, 66. 

Pevensey Castle, exemption granted to 
Battel Abbey relative to, 27. Sussex 
timber supplied for early works, 116. 
Oratory licensed, 249. 

Pevensey Rape, 71. 

Peverell, Robertus, 256. 

Pheasants, early introduction into 
Sussex of, 115. Cookery directions, 
\\6wfte2. 

Phillips, John, incumbent, Ninfield, 61. 

Phillips, Mary and Philadelphia,* mortu- 
ary inscriptions, 10 1. 

Phillips, Sir Tho. Bart, Battel Abbey 
muniments in possession of, 23 note, 

Phillips, Wm, a nonagenarian parish 
clerk, mortuary inscription, 101. 

Philpott, Jane Qertrude, mortuary in- 
scription, 101. 

Phylypp, Wm, vicar of Seaford, 160. 

Picombe, or F^combe, Nich. and Mich, 
de, subsidy assessments, 84. 

Pippard, Hugh, warden of St Bartholo« 
mew*s. Rye, i36. 

Planche, J. R, F.SA., family history 
traced by, 59 note. On the old paint- 
ings at Amberiey. 205—208. 

Pleshet. Plesset. or Plashet, the park of 
the abbot of Battel, 32. Derivation 
of the name ibid note. See 122. 

Plumpton. early presentations to, 105. 

Plumsted, Henry de, presentation, 107. 

Poke, John, subsidy assessment, 145. 

Popes, aee Clement. Gregory. 

Popyngton, John de, gift to Battel 
Abbey by, 20. 

Portereve, or Portrieve, John le, subsidy 
assessments, 145, 146. 

Poriesmouth, Paul, churchwarden Rye, 
64. 69 naU, 

Portelade. early presentations to, 107. 

Posey rings found at Iford, 245. 

Potakyn, John. subs, assessment, 58. 

Pragi, Albeit de. presentation, 106. 

Praty, Richard, bishop of Chichester, 
references to his register, 107. 193 
note. 235. " Good help " to Houghton 
Bridge, 215 note. Ordination held by 
him at Drnngewick, 248. 

Prenie, Ralph, subs, assessment, 144. 

Presentations, see Sussex incumbencies. 

Preston, John, warden of St Bartholo- 
mew's, Rye, 136. 

Pring^e, Mr, (Dover) Cinque Porta com- 
mitteeman, 140. 

Prior, Nich. subsidy assessment, 85. 

Priorie-*, see Hardhara, Lewes Priory, 
Michelham, Wilmington. 



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Pboduce of, and Supplies from 
SuasEX, by W. D. Cooper, F.H.A, 
115 — 122. Importance of the subject 
in a social history point of view, 116. 
Items taken note of in the paper, 115, 
116. Works for which Sussex timber 
was used, 116. Prices paid in some 
instanoei, ibid note. Supplies of 
horse shoes, nails, arrows, and archers 
sent from the county, 1 17. Quantities 
of game, poultry, fish, eggs, and other 
provisions and domestic articles 
supplied (13th cent) to the royal' 
table, 118. Relative prices at the 
period, 119. Affrays with poachers 
and deer stealers, U9, 120. Park 
keepers' wages, 120 iM^e. Set Heron- 
ries. Hunting. 

PuIl)orough, Pulborough churchyard. 
Nutboume-Pulborough, 110—112. 

Puttuk, Almorici, incumbent, Amberley, 
234. 

Pyc mbe, John, attempted burglary by 
a parson at the house of, 94. See 
Pioombe. 

Pym, Richard presentation, 107. 

Pynson, William, vicar, Seaford, IGO. 



Quakers, enforcers of laws against, 88. 90. 
R. 

Backham, Raoomb, or Recbam, hamlet 
of, 185. Corn payment towards main- 
tenance of the farm, 224. Chapel and 
Chapel Croft, 235. 

Ralph, bishop of Chichester (Jtemp. H 1} 
grants in Amlierley to, 190. 

Randoll, or Randall, William, John, 
Antoni, and Thomas, subsidy assess- 
ments, 85. 

Ranier, Geo, incumbent, Ninfield, 61. 

Basheford, Thomas de, subs. aes. 58. 

Ravensore, Ric. de, presentation, 106. 

Reade, or Rede, Robert, bishop of Chi- 
chester, value of the register of, 197. 
His career in connexion with Amber- 
ley, bequests, 5cc., 197 — 199. Singular 
license granted by him, 249. Ora- 
tories licensed, ibid. 

Reading Abbey, particulars relative to, 
26. Reading Church, 28. 

Rede, William, bishop of Chichester, his 
mathematical eminence, additions to 
Amberley Castle, &c. 194, 195. His 
character, record project, iao,^ 195, 196. 
His testamentary directions relative to 
the castle, 196. Bequests to church, 
college, tenants and friends, 196, 197. 
Set 226. 



Beeoh, Mr, (Tenterden) Oinqiie Forts 
committeeman, 140. 

Reed, Henry, wheelwright and masieiu, 
mortuary inscription, 241. 

Beed, Mary, the like, 240. 

Beeds, James, the like, 240. 

Begg, Bob, subsidy assesameot, 84. 

Beid, Mary and Joseph, mortiiarf in< 
scriptions, lOl. 

Beligious houses, effect at Rye, of the 
suppression of. 131. 

Bennett, Mr (Folkestone) Cinqoe Porti 
committeeman, 140. 

Bennett, K, (Hamsey) hearth tax, 87. 

Benshaw, Mr. Walter, Sussex token eom- 
municated by. 254. 

Bepington, Wm, trust joined in by. 77. 

Bepyngdon, Robert, warden of c^ Bir- 
tholomew*s, Rye, 136. 

Reynold, Will, subs ai«. 168. 

Retford, Will, de, preeentaUon 107. 

Rhoades, William, on the Amberlef 
paintings. 204. 209 &e 208, 225. 

Richard I, relics brought from the Ho^y 
Land by, 33. Richard II, erent oa 
the accession of. 74. Richard III ^ 

Richardson, Frank Oscar mortuary in- 
scription, 242. 

Richardson, Mr. James, transcripti of 
Alfriston inscriptions by, 240 — ^244. 

Richmond Thomas, subs. ass. 144. 

Bichmond, John earl o^ Sussex timber 
sent to, 116. 

Bichmond, Charles, third duke of, hii 
pugilistic champion, 160. 

Bickroan, Mr, on Amberley Castle, 221. 

Ringmere park, 122. 

Rings with poeeys, found at Iford, HI. 

Risdon, E. on Sussex coroners, 247, 24< 

Rivers family, (Hamsey) original spell- 
ing of the name 87, 88. Jsmea, 
Nizell, and Oeorge, M P.*b for Lewei. 
Jameses burial place, ibid ndt. 
Rigour of Kiaell against quaken, 88. 
Sir George and his five natonl 
children, 89. Familv arms, iM. 

Biver^ Dr, afterwards Sir Thomaa. 
justice for Pevensey rape, 88. Morto- 
ary inscription. 97. ExaminatioD of 
wreckers before him, 149. See Kyrers. 

Boberd, or Bobert, Walter, incumbeDt, 
Ninfield, 60. 

Bobert of Gloucester's linfis on Bsttd 
Abbey, 2. 

Bobertsbridge Abbey. 142. 163. 

Bobynhood. or Robinhood, Agatbs, 
of Pette and Farleghe (Fairiigfat)6i 
Suggestion as to this surname, 69. 

Rochester, Gundulph, bishop of, 11 
The vinej'ard of the bishopno. 32 mtt, 

Rofford, Bobert de, sobs. asa. 58. 

Bogate Sussex token found at, 253. 



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281 



Roger, Bobt, sab^ldy asseviment, 84. 

Rogers, Mr, curate, Ninfield, 60. 

Rokewood, John Qage, F.S.A, anoient 
building described by, 80 note. 

Rolf, Robert and Ralph, Rye barons, 
125. 

Roman period in Sussex, additional 
traces of the, 141. Roman nm foond 
in West Sussex. 254, 255. 

Rosehill, pnblioatlon desOTiptive of a 
phenomenon at, 178. 

Ross, Thomas, Esq, on old seals and 
barons of the Oinqne Ports, 64—69. 
On the Oinque Ports* claim for exemp- 
tion from subsidies, 137 — 140. On a 
17th century token, 257. On a Cinque 
Ports* Summons to Hastings, 258. 

Rossetor, Mrs, antiquities possessed 
by, 246. 

Rothwell, Wm. and wifo. mortuary in- 
scription, 240. 

Rotherfield, early presentation to, 105. 

Rougfaey, gift to Battel Abbey of lands, 
&o, in, 20. Roughey horse-shoes, 116, 
117. 

Bowe, John, ^ffee, Seaford, 157. 

Rowe, Umfirey or Humfry, jurat, Seaford, 
152. 155. 

Bowlandson, Edward, snbs. ass. 85. 

Bowlandson, John, inonmbent, Hamsey, 
100. 

Rushlight and stand of early times, 188. 

Buspar, gift to Battel Abbey of lands 
in, 20. 

Russell, Stephen, Rye baron, 125. 

Rye, early seal of, with arms and 
legends, 64, 65. Timber for its forti- 
fications, 117. Local histories, statutes, 
reports, &o, relating to the town and 
harbour, 178—188. 

Rye, list of early presentations to, 105. 

Rtb and its Inhabitants, by G. Slade 
Butler, Esq. F.S.A, 128—136. Occa- 
sion of a fine upon the townsmen, 
king*s galleys, grant of a fair, 123. 
RenewaJs of the town walls and suc- 
cessive le veilings of same and burn- 
ings of the town by the French, 123, 
124. Title to exemption from subsi- 
dies : list of the exempt, 125. Testa- 
ments and wills of eminent towns- 
men: Robert Oronche, 125—127. 
Robert Bowdewen, 128, 129. Robert 
Wymond, 129. Stephen Eston, 130. 
Robert Wayte, 180, 131. Chapel of 
the friars of Saint Augustine, 126 
note. Effect of the suppression of 
religions houses, 181. Returns, temp, 
Jas. I, of seamen, trained bands, and 
victuallers, 132, 138. Proposals for 
repairing the harbour ; outrage upon a 
townsman in connection therewith, 

XVII. 



134. The BMpltalof Saint BaHhnh- 
m»W'. results of a ** pretended " master*s 
defeasances and embezzlements, 134, 

135. Site of the hospital ; its chap- 
lain or warden, 135. List of the 
wardens, 186. 

Bye, Wm. atte, subsidy assessment, 84. 

Ry vers. Sir Qeorge, and Thomas Bridges, 
grant and re-grant of Seaford borough 
to and by, 151. 153. See Rivers. 

S. 

Sackville, tee Buckhnrst 

Saint AIban*s Abbey, precedence assigned 
to, 21. 

Saint Augustine's, Canterbury, Henry, 
prior of, 44. 

Saint Barbe, Giles, rector of Hamsey, 80. 
100. 

Saint Bartholomew's Hospital, Bye, 
early presentation to, 105. Account 
of the hospital, list of wardens, &o, 
134—136. 

Saint Bartholomew the Great, Smith- 
field, London, burial inscription to a 
Rivers in, 80 wfte. 

Saint Beninguy's altar, Battel, gift for 
services at, 20. 

Saint Catherine, image in stained glass 
of, 87. 

Saint Clement the Pope and Saint Cle- 
ment the martyr, 65 note. 

Saint John, Domina Alicia, her vow of 
chastity, 197. Penance imposed on 
one of the family, 197, 198. 

Saint John, Edward, his complaint 
against poachers, 120. 

Saint John, Oliver, grant of land to, 87. 
Cromwell's '* dark lantern ;" his escape 
from England, 150. His unascer- 
tained end, ibid note. 

Saint Leofardo, Gilbert de. Bishop of 
Chichester, inflicting penance on an 
earl of Arundel, 121. 192. 193. Live 
stock held by him at his death, 193. 

Saint Leger, Richard de, grant of wrecks, 
&c, to, 40. Bee Sancto Leodegario. 

Saint Leonard, Hastings, early presen- 
tations to, 105, 106. 

Saint Leonard de Iham, early presenta- 
tion to, 104. 

Saint Martin of Tours or de Bello, story 
of, 2. Battel Abbey dedicated to him, 
ibid. Guild-offerings at his altar, 8. 
Penance imposed for non-observance 
of the saint's day, 19. See 52, 58. 

Saint Mary de Bello (Battel) 2. Chapel 
dedicated to her, 21. 86. 87. 

Saint Mary in the Wood, town of, 8. 

Saint Nicholas' Priory, Exeter, subor- 
dinate to Battel Abbey, 53. 

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INDEX. 



Saint Olave, Exeter, 28. 

Salehorat, sennon preached at« 184. 

Saleme, John, Rye baron, 125. 

Salesbury, John de, presentationf 105. 

Salisbury, Osmund, bishop of, 11. 

Salt, Nioh. le, subsidy assessment, 163. 

Sampson, Catherine, mortuary inscrip- 
tion, 241. 

Sampson, B, oh.wardeo, Ninfleld, 68. 

Sanoto Leodegario, Oalfridus, de, 256. 
Family tradition relative to Sir Robert, 
of the name, ibid, 

Sapy, John de, subsidy assessment, 144. 

Saunder, Peter, subsidy assessment, 65. 

Savage, Luke, the son of Peter, gift to 
Battel Abbey by, 22. 

Sawyer, Henry, mortuary inscription, 
243 

Saxby, Thomas, •'minister," Seaford, 167. 
Vicar of Sutton with Seaford, 161. 

Saxby, William, Horsted Ke]mes, pro* 
perty acquired by, 89. 

Saxton, John de, presentation, 106. 

Say, De, S00 De Say. 

Say and Sole, Fiennes Lord, 77. 

Say, Lords Clinton and, ue Clynton. 

Say*B Court, Deptford, and its distin- 
guished occupants, 72 note. 

Scarborow, John, incumbent, Amberley, 
234. His petition, 235. 

Scarle, John de, presentation, 105. 

Scarlett, Lord Abinger, origin of the 
family of, 66 note. 

Schakelot, Johannes, Pevensey baron, 
66. 

Scharf , George. F.S.A, on the Amberley 
paintings, 202, 203. 

Scotney, Petrus, condition annexed to 
tenure of lands by, 256. 

Scott, Sir Walter, on "greybeards," 114. 

Scotterell, Henry, portreve, Seaford, 148. 
153. 

Scrase family, genealogical note upon 
the, 248. 

Scrase, Sarah, widow, mortuary inscrip- 
tion, 242. 

Seaford manor assigned to a duchess of 
Norfolk, 83. Fictile vessels found, 
113. 

Skafobd, fubtheb Memorials of, 
by Mark Antony Lower, Esq, M.A, 
F.S.A, and William Durrant Cooper, 
Bsq, F.S.A, 141—163. Further traces 
of the Roman period, 141. Etymo- 
logy and various spellings of the name, 
141, 142. Transactions in Norman 
and medieval periods, 142, 143. The 
Hermitage and Peter the Hermit, 143. 
Burgesses, jurats, &c, on subsidy rolls, 
144, 145, 146. Firstrepresentatives of 
the borough, 144. Grant of a fair, 
144. Demand for ships : evidence of 



the nse of the port, 146, 147. Deru- 
tations by the French, 147. Portreeves 
and their services, ibid. List of port- 
reeves, 148. Wrecks of the eea and 
proceedings relating thereto ; Btory of 
a Sunday wreck, 148—150. Escape 
of Commonwealth leaders facilitated 
here, 150, 151. Successive ownen of 
the chief property in the town, 15L 
Possessions or Michelham and Lewes 
Priories, 152. ** The General Band ' 
(1619) and their equipment, 152, 1S3. 
Position of the town as a member of j 
the port of Hastings ; the town msI, 
dec, 153. Disputes with Hastings sod 
settlement of same, 154, 155: Baron's 
certificate of freedom, 155, 156. 
Town property, use of the oommon 
and conditions annexed, 156, 137. 
Townsmen's wills (16th cent) Ste- 
phen Townley, 157. Wm. Best and 
Thoe. Ever, 158. Town feuds : Grat- 
wicks and Elphicks, 158, 159. Muni- 
cipal riots, 159, 160. Panw>n pogi- 
lists, 160. List of Seaford inoumbents 
and patrons, 160. The like of Sutton, 
juxta Seaford, and of Sutton with 
Seaford, 161. St. James's hospital 
for lepers, 162. Chin ting sobgidr 
rolls, 162. The like for Seaford and 
Sutton, 163. 

Seals, medieval, two described, I9S. 
Story of one presented to Mr. Lower, 
ibidfufte. 

Seaman (Simmons) Richard, portrere 
of Seaford, 148. 152. 153. See Seman. 

Sedge hassocks and church hassocks. 1*^^ 

Sedger, Wm, subsidy assessment, 163^ 

Sedlesoombe, part of Battel Abbey Lenga, 
9. 

Seffirid II, bishop, fined for unlioeosed 
hunting, 121. 

Selleseye (Selsey), early presentations to, 
106. Creation and extinction of the 
Selsey barony, 224. 

Selmeston church, Braye monument is, 
96. 

Seman, " Emma, the relict of,** subsidy 
assessment, 144. An ancestress of the 
Simmons family, ibid, 

Seman, Thomas, benevolence oontriln- 
tion, 153. See Seaman. 

Septvann or Septvannis family, 5>^ 
Arms, 59. Manor of Morehall, ibid. 

Septvannis, William de, subsidy assess- 
ments, 58, 59. 

Serle, Richard, port treasurer, 145. j 

Series, John, incumbent, Nin field, 60. 

Sharpe, John, warden of St. Bartholo- 
mew's, Rye, 136. 

Sharpe, Rev. John, A.B, on Kinfiieldsni 
its registers, 57 — 63. Short notice of j 



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283 



him, 57 note. Oa a local superstition. 
62. Oq Amberley ohuroh, 228, 229. 

Shelley. Sir John, his swan-mark, 216. 

Rhephurde, Thorn. ) Subsidy assess- 

Sherman, Thomas, y ments, 84, 85. 

Sherborne, Hobert, bishop of Chichester, 
107. Suooession of offices held by 
him 200. His retirement from and 
services to his see, 201. Marks left 
behind him, 205. His connection with 
the Amberley paintings, 209—213, 
215. Last splendid dweller at Amber- 
ley. 215. A favourite text of his, 222. 
•; Vale, Bone Lector,'* 239. 

Shiflner family, first appearance in 
Sussex of the, 91. Royal gift-ring in 
their possession, 92. Monumental 
inscriptions in Hamsey church, 98. 
Additional particulars. 250. 

Sbififner, Gtoorge, afterwards Sir George, 
Bart, M.P. for Lewes, 91. Monu- 
mental inscriptions to himself and 
wife, 98. 

Shiftier, Rev. Sir George, Bart, vicar of 
Amport, preb. of Chichester, &c, 91. His 
death, 92. Date of his induction to 
Hamsey, 100. 

ShifPner, Rev. Sir Geo. Croxton, Bart, 
New church built by him and Sir H. 
Shiffner, 91. 98. Present rector of 
Hamsey, 92. When inducted, 100. 
See 89 note 103. 

Shiflner, Henry. M.P, for Minehead, 91. 
monumental inscription, 98. 

Shiffner, Admiral Sir Henry, Bart, char- 
acter of, and good work originated by, 
91. 93. 

Shiffner, Capt. John Bridger, his early 
death in battle, 91. Monumental in- 
scription. 98. 

Shiffner, Thomas and wife, monu- 
mental inscription, 98. See 250. 

Shirley, or Shurley, Sir John, of Isfield, 
M.P. for Lewes, 88, 88 note. His 
daughter Charity, ibid. 89. 97. 

Shobregge, Henry, subs. ass. 144. 

Shore (not Short) John, presented to 
Hamsey rectory, 88. Quaint Latin 
and Greek inscription to his memory, 
97. 

Shoreham, gift to Battel Abbey of land 
in 29. Early presentation. 104. 

Shulder, John, subsidy assessment, 85. 

Shurley, tee Shirley. 

Sicklemore. Mary, I mortuary inscrip- 

Simnionds family, | tions, 103. 

Simnel-bread, peculiarity of, 40 
Granted to Battel Abbey by Henry 

Simmons family, ancestress of, 144. 
Simmonds, Henry, Esq. information 
communicated by, 142.147.152.fui^#. 



Simon, Thomas, de Batlesford, Pevensey 

baron, 66. 
Singleton warren or chase. 120. 
Six Reasons why the Cinque Ports 

should continue exempt from Sub- 
sidies, by Thomas Boss, Esq, 137— 

140, 
Skot, Lucas, Pevensey baron, 66. 
Sligher (or Slevher) Robert, sabsidy 

assessment, 85. 
Slycheton, John de, subs. ass. 162. 
Slyndon, Boniface de, port-collector, 

144 
Slyndon wood, custodian of, 121. 
Smal, Will le, de Falende, subs. ass. 84. 
Smallfield, Mary, mortuary inscription, 

103. 
Smeth, Will, le, subsidy assessments 84. 
Smith, Hannah, mortuary inscription, 

242. 
Smith, Richard, ordained a brother of 

Arundel college, 199. 
Smychewyk. Reiser, subs, assessment. 84. 
Smyth, Charles, and Mr, hearth-tax, 

assessments. 87. 
Smyth, Lieut.-GoL Harry, and Lieut. 

Harty, mortuary inscriptions, 244. 
Smyth, Henry, Rye baron, 125. Bailiff 

of Seaford, 154. Subsidy assessment, 

163. 
Smyth, Richard, incumbent, Amberley, 

234. 
Snatt, William, vicar of Sutton with 

Seaford, 161. 
Snell, Simon, charge against, 156. 
Snelling, John, and widow, mortuary 

inscription, 242, 
Someri, Warner de, gift to Battel Abbey 

by, 22. 
Sone John, schoolmaster, Ninfield, 63. 
Sonne, Ric. atte, subs, assessment, 84. 
Soper, Sarah, mortuary Inscription, 243. 
Soundy, John, subsidy assessments, 58, 

69. 
Southbergh, yUlata de, 83 
Southmalling woods, 122. 
Southover. settlement of the Newtons at, 

258. House built by Lord Buckhurst 
and subsequent erection on its site, 

259. Discovery of Newton tomb- 
stones, ibid. 

South wark, Battel Abbey possessions in, 

30. 
Sparkeden, John de, presentation, 106. 
Spelman, Sir H. on the '* Leuga,** 7. 
Spicer, John, presentation, 106. 
Sponere W. de, presentation, 107. 
Sprote, Thomas, priest, Seaford, benevo* 

lence contribution, 153. 
Sprotley, John de, presentation. 104. 
Sproughton, Nicholas de, presentation, 

105. 



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284 



INDEX. 



Spyney, John do hantsman, office tnd 
allowances of, 121. 

Squyer, Thomas, induction of, 198. 

Standard, or Staundard, Stephen atte, 
subsidy assessment, 58. Tradition 
confirmed by the name, 69. 

Stansfield. Bev. B. on a doorway at 
Amberley, 206. 

Stephen, King, dispute referred to, 84. 
HU dislike of Abbot Warner, 46. 

Stephens, Oeorge, Sussex martyr, 166. 

Steyning, 76. 

Stigh, Bob atte, subs. ass. 144. 

Stighell, Christiana atte, the like, 162. 

Stone, Samuel, of Lullington, 161. 

Stonham family, mortuary inscription, 
101. 

Storer, Roger, subsidy assessment, 85. 

Story, Edward, Bishop of Chichester, 
107. Imposing penance, 197. His 
bequests to churches, friends, Chi- 
chester Cross, &c., 200. To Houghton 
Bridge, 215 note. 

Stow, John, on the Abbot of BatteVs 
London house, 80. 

Stranes, William de, vicar of Cuckfield, 
convicted of deer stealing, 119. 

Stratford, Robert de, Bishop of Chiches- 
ter and Lord Chancellor. 194. 

Strathfield say and the Say family, 72. 

(Strong, Henry le ) subsidy assessments 

Stronge, Jane la ) 144, 146. 

Strype John, historian, "new conspiracy** 
referred to by, 80. 

Stuart, Rev. Edw, a 70 years* holder of a 
living, 112. 

Style, Thos, incumbent, Ninfield, 60. 

Subsidy rolls, Ninfield, 58. 69. Non- 
resident Cinque Ports barons, 66 — 69. 
Hamsey, 84, 86. 87. Exemptions, 
125. Cinque Ports* six reasons for 
claiming exemption 137 — 140. Sea- 
ford rolls, 144, 145, 146. Chinting, 
162. Sutton. 163. 

Sucbe, Thos, subsidy assessment, 163. 

Sufiolk, Charles Brandon, Duke of, 
property taken from, 24. 

Suffolk, earl of. Lord Warden, 156. 

Suggeworth, Walter de, subs. ass. 84. 

Summery, Robert and Samfred de, sale 
of landis and men by, 48. 

Bunch, Gatcho de 1 subsidy assess- 

fcuncheburgh, R. de ) ments, 84. 

Sussex highways, episcopal bequest for 
mending the, 216. 

SURSEZ INOUMBBNCIES, EARLY PBB- 

8ENTATI0N8 to, by Rev. Mackenzie 
E. C. Walcott, M.A, F.S.A, i04-107. 
Sussex Produce, 5cc, iee Produce. 

SU8BBXIANA TOPOORAPHICA by G. 

Slade Butler, Esq. F. S. A. (continued 
from Vol. xvi) 169—184. 



Sussex tradesmen's tokens found at 
Rogate and Keymer, 263, 254. Other 
specimens, 257. 

Sutheton, Gerald de, sold with the land 
he occupied, 43. 

Sutton juxta, and Sutton with Seaforl 
attacks of the French upon, U7, 
Lists of vicars, 161. Subsidy roll, 
163. 

SuttoUf John de, subs. ass. 163, 

Swan-marks, Amberley, 216. 

Swindles, Mary Ann, mortuary inscrip- 
tion, 103. 

Swynham. Thomas de, and John 
Symme, inqaisition joined in by, 5d. 

Swynham, William de, subs. ass. 53. 

Sydney, Sir W, manor granted to, 163. 

Symme, $ee Swynham, Thomas. 

Symonds, Henry, Incumbent Amberlef, 
234. Fined for contumaciousness, 2Xi, 



Tailler, John, subsidy assessment, 85. 
Tailor, John, his efforts to prevent 

plunder at a shipwreck, 150. 
Taneto, John de, abbot of Battel, 41 

Date of his abbacy, 46. 
Tayllour, Tayllor, or Taylor family, 

notices of deeds executed by, 64, 65. 

^ntfts. 
Telham, or Telleham, Battel Abber 

lands in, 9 Conditions annexed to 

tenancy of same, 10. See 28, 29. 
Tennant, Robert, curate, Ninfield 

memorandum in the register by, 61 

note 18. 
Terry, John, vicar of Sutton with Sea^ 

ford, 161. 
Terryng (Tarring) early presentatios 

to, 104. 
Testaments, »ee Wills. 
Tettersel, Capt Nicholas (who oonveyei 

Charles II. to France) royal gift ta 

preserved at Coombe, 92. Armoriii 

grant to and after-career of, ibid, 
Tewksbury, the Lewkoors at, 80. 
Tewsnoth, Simon, Battel Abbey U&di 

demised to, 29. 
Thakeham living, presentation in IC9T 

to, 112. 
Thetcher, Will, hearth tax. 87. 
Thille hundred, non-resident Cinqofi 

Ports barons in, 66, 67. 
Thoma, John de, subs. ass. 68. 
Thomas, Rich, and Will, Bye barons. 

126. 
Thorne, Gabriel, incumbent, Kinfield, 61 

His burial-place, ibidnote,lS, 
Thorpe, Thomas, on Battel Abbey 



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285 



register, 23. Hi6 oatalogae of the 
abbey charters, &c, 28 note. 52. 170. 

Thrale, John, recusant, his lands granted 
away from him, 87. 

Thunder, Will, and Nioh. le, subsidy 
assessments, 163. 

Thurston, Mr, (Feversham) Cinque Ports 
committeeman, 140. 

Ticehurst, documents relating to, 184. 

Ticehurst, Joseph, mortuary inscription, 
248. 

Timber, quantities supplied from Sussex, 
for public works, in the 18th and 14th 
centuries, 116. 

Tipton, Edmund, bailiif . Seaford, 149. 

Tithelegh. Nich. subs. ass. 84. 

Titilshide, Jno. incumbent, Ninfield, 60. 

Toby, Bichard, abbot of Battel, 46. 

Tokens, jee Kuremburg tokens. Sussex 
tradesmen's tokens. 

Tompson, W. (Pevensey) Cinque Ports 
committeeman, 140. 

Tone, Henry, presentation, 107* 

Torkard, Henry, the like, 107. 

Tossou, John, condition of grant of 
commonage to, 157. 

Totenore or Totnore hundred, Battel 
Abbey lands in, 27. 

Tower of London. Sussex timber sent 
for works at the, 116. 

Townley, Stephen, Seaford will of; 157. 

Toy, Osbert, presentation, 104. 

Tracy. William, warden of St. Bartholo- 
mew's, Bye, 186. 

Trained bands of Bye (1625) 182, 188. 

Trapel, Willi elmus, sen. and jun, 
P^ensey barons. 66. 

TregoK, Sir Henry* ancient bridge built 
by, 109. 

Trower family, mortuary inscription, 
108. 

Trykyngham. Lambert de, presentation! 
107. 

Tucker, Mary, Henry, and Thomas, 
mortuary inscriptions, 102, 108. 

Tufhell, J. C. F. incumbent, Amberley 
and Hougbton, 284. 

Tullyngton, early presentations to, 107. 

Turner, Bev. Edward, M.A, papers by, 
on Battel Abbey, 1—56. On Great- 
ham House, 108 — 114. On the Ever- 
shed family, 246, 247. On mar- 
riages of the Scrase family, 248. On 
seals of the Church of Chichester 250 
—252. On ancient coins, 252. On 
Nuremburg tokens, 258. On Sussex 
tokens, 258, 254. 5m 120. 

Turner, Bev. S. Blois, on the seal of 
Thomas de Clymping, 192. 

Turner, Mr T. R. on celtsfound at Lower 
Beeding, 255, 256. 

Turner, Wm.Bsq, advowson vested in, HI, 



Turners of Oldland, intermarriages of 

Scrases with the, 248. 
Tut, Johannes Pevensey baron, 66. 
Tyse&urst, Joseph, record of the 

singular death of, 62. 



Uckham, part of Battel Abbey Leuga, 

9. 
Udimere, non-resident Cinque Ports 

barons in, 67. 
Uflete, Sir Gerard, and wife, 88. 
Upedyke, Lawr, ) subsidy assess- 
Urry, Bichard, ) ments. 144, 145. 
Urrey. Walter and wife, 21. 
UsefletC; Nicholas de, presentation, 105. 



Vampage, John, joint assignee of 
Hamsey manor, 76. 

Vedom, W. de, journey allowance to» 
143. 

Verrall, Edward, hearth tax, 87. 

Yertue, George, Battel Abbey accessories 
to a portrait of W. Conq. by, 18. On 
paintings at Chichester cathedral, 209. 

Village annals, 235 twte. 

Vinall, Catherine, mortuary inscription, 
240. 

Vineyards in England, 82 ncU, 

Vinour, John, gift to Battel Abbey by, 
81. 

Virrell, Cephas and wife, mortuary in- 
scription, 248. 

Vivian (King's chapUdn. 1102), ser- 
vice rendered to Battel Abbey by, 
45. 

Vowle, Bichard, vicar of Sutton, 161. 

Vycent, Bob, jun, property held by, 64. 

Vyllers, Bobert, presentation. 105. 

Vynoh (Finch), Henry, of Winchelsea, 
exemption allowed to, 59. 

W. 

Wakefield, Wm, jurat, Seaford, 155. 

Wakehurst, Bichard, custom of manor 
held by, 26. 

Walcott,. Bev. Mackensie, E.C, M.A. 
F.S.A, $fe Sussex Licumbencies. 

Waldeby. John, warden of St Bartholo- 
mew* s. Bye, 186. 

Waleys. Richard le. prices of produce 
supplied by (1277) 119. 

Walkelin. bishop of Winchester, 11* 

Walker family, mortuary inscriptions, 
108. 

Waller, John sacristan. Battel Abbey, 28. 

Waller, Sir William, parliamentaiy com- 
mander, 109. 111. 



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286 



INDEX. 



Waller, Wm abbot of Battel 46. 

Waltham. John de, preaentation, 106. 

Walton, Isaac, 187. 

Wantele. Johannes, monumental brass, 
Amberley Church. 232. 

Wantelye, John de, inquisition on death 
of. 232 wfte, 

Warbleton, early presentations to, 107. 
Richard Woodman and the ohnroh 
tower, 164. 166. Old chest in the 
vestry, 167. Ck>n8ideration8 touching 
the site of the church, 168. See 184. 

Ward, Rich, subsidy assessment, 85. 

Warminghurst, 29. 89. 

Warner, Mr, Commonwealth minister at 
Ninfield, 60. 

Wamyngor 100 Waynyngore. 

Warren, Edw. mortuary inscription, 101. 

Warren, or Warenne, William de, 
(Domesday book) lands in Hamsey 
pofsessed by, 71, 72. Public duty 
shared in by William Earl de W.(17th 
k. John), 73. Earl Warren*s subsidy 
assessments, 84. Oaks given by John 
de W. to the King (1337), 116. John de 
W. earl of Surrey (1266) leading his 
archers into Essex, 118. John de W. 
(1294) prosecuting a vicar for deer 
stealing, 119. Arrangements made 
during William sixth earl's pilgrimage 
to St. James's shrine, 142, 143. 
Grant of Seaford customs, dec, by a 
de Warren, 145. See 151. 

Wartling, lee Wertlynge. 

Warwick, Guy de Beauchamp, earl of, 
73 

Washer, Thomas, bailiff, Seaford, riot- 
ous proceedings on the death of, 159. 

Watts, Giles, his token, 257. 

Way, Albert, Esq. F.S.A. 202. On the 
Amberley paintings, 208, 209. 

Washer and Lucas families, mortuary in- 
scriptions. 241. 

Water Ordeal, modMM operandi of, 25 
note, 

Waterford and Wexford, etymology of 
their names as to the final syllable, 
142. 

Waters, Elisabeth, mortuary inscription, 
101. 

Watlyngton, See Whatlmgton. 

Waynyngore, or Wamyngor, John de, 
subsidy assessment, 84. 

Wayte, Robert of Bye, pedigree and will 
of. 130, 131. 

Weavers, prevalence in East Sussex of, 
e^note. 134. 

Webb, John mortuarv inscription, 240. 

Webster, Dowager Lady, 56 

Webster, Sir Augustus F. Bart Battel 
Abbey sold by, 50. 

Webster, Sir Godfrey Vassal, Bart, ex- 



plon 
Pron 



>loratl(HU at Battel Abbey by, 17. 
eminent in a riot at Seaford, 160. 
&0 5O. 

Webster, Sir Thomas, Bart, Battel Abbey 
purchased by, 49. Hia snocessors, 
Whistler W. and Godfrey W, 50. Re- 
moval of additions built by the last^l. 

Weitbrechts, Wittberds, Whitbreads, 69. 

Wellys, Henry, incumbent Amberiey.2S4. 

Wengreve, Liham. presentation, 104. 

Wenham, John, of Morehali, bequest to 
poor of Ninfield by, 6L 

Wenham, John, of Beckenham Hanuey 
manor devised to, 82. Incumbents 
presented by him to the living, 100. 

Wenham, Bev. John, rector, Hamsey, 
mural monument to, 98. Date of hii 
induction, 100. 

Wenham, Sir Thomas, married, 82 

Werche, Simon and Will, atte aubsidy 
assessments, 84. 

Wertlyoge, non-resident Cinque Ports 
barons in, 67. 

West Dean warren or chase, 120. 

West Dean house, Amberley painting 
removed from, 204. 

Westfield, Wm, Abbot of Battel, 46. 

West Grinstead, presentation to, 112. 

Westmeston, early presentation to, 106. 

Westminster quantities of Sussex game, 
fish, ko, sent in 1245-6 to, 118. 

Wexford, eee Waterford. 

Whatlington, or Watlyngton, Battel 
Abbey lands in, 9. Suit relative to 
manor servioos, 42. Armorial bear- 
ings in the church window, 53. 

Whatlyngtou, John de. Abbot of Battel, 
his gift towards war expenaea, 28, 
Period of his abbacy, 46. 

Whatlyngton, Thomas de, gift to Battel 
Abbey by, 22. 

Whetebrede, Bobert, subs. ass. 163. 

Whewell, Dr, on church plans, 226 naU. 

Whitakers, Richard, incumbent^ Anoiber- 
ley 234. 

Whitbread family, mistake as to the, 
69. 

White of Selbome on home-made rush 
lights, 188 note 6. 

White, Dr. Peter and daughter, 92. 

White, Ralph de, subs. ass. 84. 

White, Rich, le, the like, 162. 

White, W. master of Arundel CoU^e, 
military duty imposed on, 198. 

Whiteacres, Jonathan, incumbent, Am- 
berley, 234. 

Whitfield, Emma and Herbert, mortasrf 
inscription, 101. 

Whyte, Richard, Rye baron, 125. 

Whytyngton, Roger, presentation, 107. 

Wickham, Olyva de, gift to Battel 
Abbey by, 20. 



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287 



Wickbam, Thomas, subs. ass. 85. 

Wifhting. Bobert, oondition of Bishop 
Story's bequest to, 200. 

Wiggonholt 109. 112. 

WildiDgs, Robert, his hay and com 
burnt by lightning, 62. 

Wilfrith, Bishop of Selseyi 189. 

Wilkinson John, token of, 257. 

Willards of Hailsham, and Boston, U. S., 
69. Migor 8. Willard, ibid note, 

William the Conqueror and Battel 
Abbey, 1^8. 11. 12. 12 note. Sup- 
posed sculptured head, 13. 

William II, Battel Abbey completed by, 
4. His gifto to the Abbey, 11,12. 

Williams, Sir Hutohins, Greatham 
estate sold to. 111. 

Williams, Ralph, portreve, Seaford, 
fined, 148. 

Willingdon (Wyljmdone) hundred, non- 
resident Cinque Ports barons in, 66. 

Willis, Browne, on the extent of Battel 
Abbey, 13. His error as to disposal 
of the abbey by Hen. VIII, 49 note. 

Willonghby, Sir Henry, Hamsey manor 
bought by, 77. 

Wills and Ofestaments (15th cent) dis- 
tinction between , 1 25. Wills of early 
Rye townsmen, 126 — 181. The like 
of Seaford, 157, 158. 

Wilmington (Wilminte), 9. Non-resi- 
dent Cinque Ports barons, 67. 

Wilmington Priory : prior licensed to cut 
trees, 116. Foreign holders, 145. 

Wilmington, United States, 151, note 85. 

Wilson, Mr, (Sandwich) Cinque Ports 
committeeman, 140. 

Wilting, Wiltinges, Wyltynge, 9. Non- 
residentCinquePortbarons,67. See 184. 

Winohelsea, 40. Abbot Hamo*s de- 
fence of the place, 46. Early presen- 
tatlonsto its churches, 104, 105. Royal 
order for fish, 118. Topographical 
publications, 184. 

Winchester, Battel Abbey inn at, 81. 

Winchester, bishops of, 11. 78, 

Wine, price set on, temp. Hen. Ill, 143. 

Wisborough Green, 186. 

Witena-Gemotte, the, 71. 

Withyham, early presentations to, 106. 
Oratory there. 249. 

Wittberds and Weitbreohts family, 69. 

Woohe, Will, atte, subs, ass, 84, 

Wode, John atte Rye baron, 125. 

Wodeman, N. Wolfyn, Agnes. Wolfyn, 
B. subsidy assessments, 162. 

Inline, John, subsidy assessment, 146. 

Wood family, mortuary Inscriptions, 242. 

Wood, Rev. Bd. parson, Harasey, 99, 100 

Wood, John d, subsidy agnessment, 85. 

Wood, Thomasina, Suiwex martyr, 166. 

Woodhams family, mortuary inscriptions 
(eleven) 241. 



Woodman, Richard, and his Door 
in Wabbleton Church Tower, by 
Major Luard. Probable remains of 
his residence, 164. 167. His avoca- 
iion : Foxe*s account of him, 165, 
166. His alleged torture chamber ; 
theories as to the Door, 166, 167. 
Description of same, 167, 168. 

Woolgar, Thomas, his riotous conduct 
at Seaford, 159. 

Worminghurst, 120. License granted to 
Rich, earl of Arundel, 121. See 222. 

Worth forest oaks sent to the town, 116. 

Worthington, Maria, wife of Otho de, 
joint inheritance adjudged to, 75. 

Wrecks and wreckers at Seaford, par- 
ticulars respecting, 148—150. 

Wright John, incumbent, Amberley, 234. 

Wye, Kent, conferred on Battel Abbey ; 
its extent, church, college, &c. 25, 26. 
Lambarde*s estimate, 25 note. 

Wygetone, Gilbert le, ) Subsidy assess- 

Wyke, Rich.and Robt. j ments, 163. 

Wyk. Kich atte, subs, ass 146. 

Wvke Thos. ate, ) Subsidy assessments, 

Wykeham, Thos. j 84 85. 

Wykeham William of, a parallel to, 1 95. 

Wymond, Robert, third mayor of Rye, 
pedigree and will of, 129. 

Wymundham, Wm.de presentation,105. 

Wyndham, Capt. Charles, discoveries at 
Southover Grange by, 259. 

Wyndham, Thom. de, subs, ass 58. 

Wynesby, Richard, yicarof Sutton, 161. 

Wysbeche Thomas, presentation, 106. 

Wysche, William atte, 64. 

Wyttington, Thomas, ordained sub- 
deacon, 199. 



Yanwythe, Christopher, incumbent of 

Ninfield, 60. 
Yapton, early presentations to, 104. 
Yarmouth token and armorial bearings, 

257. Summons to Hastings from, 258. 

The lost ivory seal, ibid. 
Yevegod, John, Rye baron, 126. 
Yonge. Stephen* subsidy assessments, 

58, 59. 
Yongwyne, John, presentation, 107. 
York, Richard duke of, 76. 
Young, Arthur fortunately lo'^ing his 

way, 187. 
Ywnge, Tho.> subsidy assessment, 58. 



Zonch, Lord, Lord- Warden of the Cinque 
Ports, his rights disputed, 148. Train- 
band captain appointed by hra, 152 
note. Complaints referred to him, 
159. 



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ERRATAl AHD cobbioenda. 

Page n, note 14— For 1064 md 1094. 
» 'j®» ^^ ** } ^w Almoiulry n^A Almoniy. 
^ M,' Udm 6» 18— D»to " Sir"— Aahmole wm never knighted. 
„ 65, line 4— For FI^T reikd FlilT. 
„ 66, „ 81— ForJeiilngtonreadJedngtoii 

„ 88, „ 28— For Short reed Short. 
„ 89, „ 20— For Catherine read Cherity. 

„ 101, „ 25— For Whltfirtd read Whitfcld. 

„ 104, „ 6— For Precentor read Pnecentor and Prebendary. 
« « « 19-For •• changed irlth Prebendary of CWcherter, etc.* read 
" " " -PrcSmderyo'CWchetter, etc, changed Trtth.- 

„ 105, „ 12— For Ftoby read Frttby. 

„ „ „ 88— ForBrednreadBredML 

„ „ „ 64— For Ch«gnal reikd CJhf gn»L 

„ 106, „ 18— For Hanaa read Harrow. 

^^ ^ ^ 20— For Oberinsreed /berina. 

t> n n 27— For Tflrtlngton read Torttagton. 

„ 107, „ Ifi— For JDioentIa read ^centla. 

^^ ^ ^^ 17— For tura ^tectum read toza Cfatnm. 

„ 110, „ 88— For Pnborongh read Pnlborongh. 

„ 128, laat line but one— For year read early. 

note 24, ooL 1, last Une— I>»li the ML point and the marla of qaoUtkm, 
" and iniprt a comma only. 

„ 160, Une »V— For W. H. read H. W. 

171, n 81— After " Chranlclea of" insert a comma. 
„' 178, „ 88— For Fnsaelt read FnaseU. 
„ 177, „ 44— For farriano, read Torriano. 

1 87, „ 7 of note 5— Dete the semi-colon at the ei)d of the line. 
*^ 201, „ — For** Chnrch of England" read "Church of Chicheater.- 

222, last line— For devise read demlaeu 

228 note -Earl Rnsaell takes his title of Viscount Amberlcy ftom a 
*' ' place In Gloucestershire, not Herefordshire. 




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