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^uieiieie:i: ^tcf^aeologtcal Society. 



SUSSEX 
arcj^afological CoUrcttons, 



HISTOET AND ANTIQUITIES OF THE COUNTY. 



pnBLIBHXD B 



Cite Sussex ^rrtiarolostral Society. 




VOL. XXXIV. 



H. WOLFF, 

BIGH STBEET, LEWES. 
HDCCCLXZXn. 



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CONTENTS. 



PAOI 

List of Offiosrs ix 

Rules xi 

Report of the Committee for the Years 1883, 1884 & 1885 ziii 

Statememt of Accounts xix 

List of Honorary Members with Dates of Election xxii 

List of Members with Dates of Admission to the Society xxiii 

Coeekspondino Societies xxxy 

Supplementary Observations on the Parentage of the 
Counters Oundreda, Wife of William, First Earl 
OF Warenne and Surrey. By Sir G.F, Diickett^Bart.... 1 

Cawley the Regicide. By the Rev. Frederick H, Amoldj LL,B. 21 

Sussex Domestic Architecture in its Humbler Aspects. 

By J, Leivis Andrif Esq 89 

The Castle of Lewes. By George T, Clark ^ Esq 57 

Some Supplementary Notes on the Castle of Lewes. By 

Samers Clarke, Jun., F.S, A 69 

The Architectural History of the Cluniac Priory of St. 

Pancras at Lewes. By W. H, St. John Hope, M,A., F.S.A. 71 

Monumental Inscriptions from the Church of Horsted 
Keynes, Sussex. Compiled by Granville Leveson Gower, 
Esq., F.S.A 107 

Charters of the Abbey of Cluni : More Particularly 
Affecting its Affiliated Priory of St. Pancras, at 
Lewes. By Sir G. F. Duckett, Bart 121 

Genealogical Memoranda Relating to the Family of 
White, of Horsham, Steyning, Shipley, and Cowfold, 
Co. Sussex, of Mitcham, Croydon, and Reioate, Co. 
Surrey, and of London, with Pedigree. By H. GaiTaway 
Rice, Esq 127 

Hangleton and its History. By Charles E. Clayton, Esq 167 

A History of the Parish of Oving. By the Rev. H. M. 

Davey, M.A.,F.G.S.y Vicar 185 

An Account of the Discovery of Roman Remains on the 
East Chesswood Estate, Worthing, 1881. By Alexander 
James Fenton, Esq 215 

Inscriptions in the Churchyard of Willingdon, Co. Sushkx. 

By Alfred Ridley Bax, Esq 221 



VI CONTENTS. 

PAOK 

A British Bbttlkmkmt between Lindfield and Horsted 

Ketneb. By H. F. Napper, Esq 237 

Additional Notes on ** The Measurements of Ptolemy and 

OF THE AnTONINE ITINERARY," BY GoRDON M. HlLLS, EsQ. 

By H. F. Napper, Esq 239 

Some Notes upon the Architecture of Otehall, in the 
Parish of Wivelsfield, Sussex. By Balph Nevill, Esq,^ 
F,S.A 255 

Notes and Queries : 

On the Etymology of ' Rye'' 258 

Wamham : Its Church, MonumentSy Registers^ and Vicars 

{Vol. XXXIIL.p. 165) 258 

Sussex Iron Fire Back 259 

" Bumboo" an ISth Century Drink 259 

Haywards Heath 260 

Removing a Mill Entire 261 

Discovery at Edhurton 261 

Dedication of New Shoreham Church 262 

A List of some Papers in the ** Archaeologia " relating to Sussex 262 

Archaeological Discoveries at Prestonville, Bnghton 263 

Editor's Notices 264 



LIST or ENGRAVINGS. 



Portrait op William Cawley to face page 21 

Gawlbt's Almshouse, Chichester 99 ^ 36 

Small Sandstone House at Coates ,} ^ 42 

Sandstone House at Friday Street, Warnham... „ „ 42 

Chimneys at ** Standings," Horsham ; at East 

Street, Horsham; and at Thakeham ,} „ 44 

Inside of Window, at Town House, Slinfold. 

Staircase, Balusters, and Newel, Shelbourn 

Priory. Leaden Pantry Lights, North 

Street, Horsham, &o )> >» 45 

" JuTTY " Trusses, at Midhurst and Mayfield. 

Bracket, at Fittle worth. Door-case, at 

*' Dedisham," Slinfold. Barge-i^oard, at 

TiLLiNGTON. Iron Lock-plate, at Portslade. 

Examples of Key Plates. Spit-racks, at 

"Mockfords," Henfield; and "Stone Farm," 

Warnham n „ 49 

Panelling at Horsham (from a House in East 
Street). Panelling and Staircase at Town 
House, Slinfold 99 9, 60 

Quilt, from a House at Pulborough „ » 54 

Lewes Castle and Environs (Plan) n ,» 57 

Lewes Castle and Ezoavations in Keep (Plan) „ „ 67 

Lewes Priory (Plans) ,y „ 71 

Hangleton Place, from the N.E ,> ly 167 

Arms of Bbllingham on page 170 

Wrought-iron Bolt, Hangleton „ ,» 173 

Arms of Scrase 1, i, 173 

Ceiling at Hangleton to face page 173 

Plan Showing the Spot where Roman Pottery 

WAS Found at Worthing on page 216 

EoMAN Pottery, found at East Chess wood, 

Worthing, 1881 to face page 218 

Otbhall, Sussex (Plan) 9, yy 255 

Sussex Iron Firb Back on page. 259 



JANUARY, 1886 



Sttssex ^rti)aeoUigttal Society. 



LIST OF OFFICERS, 

THE BABL OP CHICHESTER, LORD LIEUTENANT AND CUSTOS ROT. 

THE DUKE OF DEVONSHIRE, E.G. 

THE DUKE OF NORFOLK, E.M., K.G. 

THE MARQUESS OF ABERGAVENNY, K.G. 

THE EARL DE LA WARR. 

THE EARL OF EGMONT. 

THE EARL OF SHEFFIELD. 

VISCOUNT HAMPDEN, G.C.B. 

LORD VISCOUNT GAGE. 

LORD COLCHESTER, F.S.A. 

LORD MONK BRETTON. 

THE LORD BISHOP OF CHICHESTER. 

LORD ZOUCHE. 

SIR WILLIAM GRANTHAM. 

THE RIGHT HON. G. J. GOSCHEN, MJ>. 

THE BIGHT HON. A. J. BERESFORD HOPE, M.P., D.C.L., P.SJ^. 

THE HON. PERCY WYNDHAM. 
COL. SIB WALTER BARTTELOT BARTTELOT, BART., CJ3., M.P. 

C. G. S. FOLJAMBE, ESQ., M.P., F.S.A. 
THE BBV. SIB GEORGE CROXTON SHIFFNER, BART., M.A. 

W. L. CHRISTIE, ESQ. 

P. A. INDERWICK, ESQ., Q.C. 

G. B. GREGORY, ESQ., M.P. 

L. J. JENNINGS, ESQ., M.P. 

MONTAGUE D. SCOTT, ESQ. 

T. C. THOMPSON, ESQ. 

J. G. BLENCOWE, ESQ. 

BBV. J. COLLINGWOOD BRUCE, LL.D., P.S.A. 

H. W. FREELAND, ESQ. 

REV. JOHN GORING, M.A. 

ROBERT HENRY HURST. ESQ. 

EDWARD HUSSEY, ESQ. 
W. TOWNLEY MITFORD, ESQ. 

J^onorars Sbttxttaxn* 

Fbancis Babchabd, Esq., Horsted Fiace, Uckfield. 

Creajsjuret. 

Gbo. Molinbux, Esq., Old Bank, Lewes, 

(Slittor of (HtMttMmsi. 

Hbnby Gbiffith, Esq., F.S.A., 47, Old SteynCj Brighton. 

3@on, (Surator anli ILiiirartan, 

RoBT. Cbosskby, Esq., J.P., Castlegate, Lewes. 



T.TST OF OFFICERS. 

T ««, , » *"**'^ »nAm of emmittn 

T. St. Ltokb Blaavw, Esg. ,„„ "•«"♦««»♦ 

K«v. Cabby H. Bobbbb. MjL ■ a V* ^'^^'^ Ltcas, Esq P s a 

J. O. Bbadb-n. Esq. •*■*• I ^; ^^^»»nT, E8Q.. F.s!?;' •®-^- 

K«v Pbbby. C. Hbaihcotb Cawiom ' CI ;S.^£?^* P^«H. 
M-A. *«-wa, u Lbmon Pbince, Esq. F b a o 

BOBBBT CB08MBT. tojTjJp'^ I^ ^- ^^ E8<J. 

Mb. J«i» Dn>BjrBT. Linden Honae, Lewes. 

LOCAL HON. SECRETAEIES. 

tor. €• X CUl»»N«. M^ Amberky, 

^miK F. HouftW. CBQ Wwikng, 

iioiKY BJtiFWTH. KS^J- riLI 47, 0« SUyn^ Br^Aton. 



• 



. IMuuti^ ICiN^ M-Av. W*^ Ontfold. 

^jj*A* ^ itVAiM^ »N^ M.IK Cuckfidd. 

%uOunixtut. 

ITotiboii. 
|)rt(oortft. 

Ill^ JJ^ »*»»V» Kiig Market liace, Pettcorih. 

«%«»*«*•* Kmt Borne JRye. 



RULES. 



1. The Society shall be called the " Sussex Archaeological Society," 
and shall avoid all topics of religious or political controversy, and shall 
remain independent of, though willing to co-operate with, similar societies 
by friendly communication. 

2. Every candidate for admission shall be proposed by one Member, 
and seconded by another, and elected by the Committee by ballot at any 
of their meetings. One black ball in five to exclude. 

8. The Committee shall have power to elect as an Honorary Member 
any person (including foreigners) likely to promote the interests of the 
Society. Such Honorary Member shall not pay any entrance fee or sub- 
scription, shall not exercise the privilege of an ordinary Member as to 
voting at the meetings or the proposal of candidates, and shall be subject 
to re-election annually. 

4. The annual subscription shall be ten shillings payable on admis- 
sion, and afterwards on the Ist day of January in each year. Eight pounds 
may be paid in lieu of the annual subscription, as a composition for life. 

5. All Members shall on their election pay an entrance fee of ten 
shillings. 

6. Every new member shall have his election notified to him by the 
Clerk, and shall be required to remit the amount due from him to the 
Treasurer, George Molineux, Esq., Old Bank, Lewes, within one month 
of his election. 

7. No Member shall participate in any of the benefits of the Society 
until he shall have paid his subscription, and, if a new Member, his 
entrance fee. 

8. If the sum due from a new Annual Member under the preceding 
Bules be not paid within one month from the date of his admission, if he 
be in the United Kingdom— or if abroad, within two months — the Com- 
mittee shall have power to erase his name from the list of Members ; but 
they shall have power to reinstate him on his justifying the delay to their 
satisfaction. 

9. The name of every Member failing to pay his subscription due on 
the 1st January in each year shall be placed in the Barbican on the 1st 
March ; and if the subscription be not paid on or before the 1st August, 
if the defaulter shall be resident in Great Britain or Ireland, or within 
one month after his return, if he shall have been abroad, he shall cease to 
be a Member of the Society, and his name shall he erased from the books, 
unless he can justify the delay to the satisfaction of the Committee. 
Any Member intending to withdraw his name from the Society shall give 
notice in writing to the Clerk on or before the 1st January of his intention 
to do so, otherwise he shall be liable for the current year's subscription. 

10. As the payment of his subscription will entitle a Member to enjoy 
every benefit of the Society, so it will distinctly imply his submission to 
the Rules for the time being in force for the government of the Society. 



Xll RULES. 

1 1 . Two General Meetings of the Society shall be held in each year. 
The first general meeting shall be held on the Thursday preceding Lady 
Day at the Barbican, Lewes Castle, at 12.30, when the Committee shall 
present their annual report and accounts for the past year, and not less than 
12 members shall be elected to act on the Committee for the succeeding 
year, any proposed alteration of the Rules shall be considered, and other 
business shall be transacted. The second general meeting shall be held 
on the second Thursday in August, at some place rendered interesting 
by its antiquities or historical associations. 

12. A Special General Meeting may be summoned by the Honorary 
Secretaries at such place as the Committee may determine on the re- 
quisition in writing of Five Members, or of the President, or two Vice- 
Presidents specifying the subject to be brought forward for considera- 
tion at such meeting, and that subject only shall be then considered and 
resolutions passed thereon. 

13. At all Meetings of the Society or of the Committee the resolu- 
tions of the majority present and voting, shall be binding. 

14. No alteration shall be made in the Rules except at the General 
Meeting in March. No proposed alteration shall be considered unless 
four months' previous notice thereof in writing shall have been given to 
the Committee. No subject shall be discussed more than once in each 
year, except with consent of the Committee. 

16. Meetings for the purpose of reading papers and the exhibition of 
antiquities may be held at such times and places as the Committee may 
determine. 

16. All the affairs of the Society shall be managed by a Committee. 

a. The Committee shall consist of the President, Vice-Presidents, 
the Honorary Secretaries, the Treasurer, the Honorary Curator and 
Librarian, the Local Honorary Secretaries, and not less than 12 Members 
(who shall be elected at the General Meeting in March). 

b. The Committee shall meet at Lewes Castle on the Thursdays 
preceding the usual Quarter Days, at 12 o'clock, and at such other times 
as the Hon. Secretaries may determine. Three Members of the Com- 
mittee shall form a quorum. 

c. The Committee shall at their first meeting after the Annual Meet 
ing in March appoint a sub- committee to manage the financial depart 
ment of the Society's affairs. Such sub-committee shall at each quarterly 
meeting of the General Committee submit a report of the liabilities o 
the Society, when cheques signed by three of the Members present shr 
be drawn on the Treasurer for the same. The accounts of the Soci' 
shall be submitted annually to the examination of two auditors who s' 
be elected by the Committee from the general body of the Membc 
the Society. 

d. The Committee shall at their first meeting after the An 
Meeting in March appoint an Editor of the Society's Volume, 
the Editor so appointed shall report the progress of the Volume 
Quarterly Meetings of the Committee. 

e. The Committee may appoint any Member Local Secretary i 
town or district where he may reside, in order to facilitate the col 
of accurate information as to objects of local interest ; such Local 
taries shall be ex- officio Members of the Committee. 




TuK period to be reviewed io tlie present retrospect embraces a longer 
time than it has nsaall/ been the datj of the Commiltce to report upon. 
Three whole years hare paseed nince the lost Tolanie of the " 8nesex 
Archaeological CoHeetionB " was isaned. The interTal has, hoverer, not 
been a time of editorial idleneBS. During the proseeution of the some- 
what ambitions work resolTed npon three jeara ago, the regular succee- 
ston of the Society's annnal pablications had of necessitj to be broken. 
That work was the compilation of a Uomesdaj Book for Sussex, eom- 
prising, in addition to the original text — of which a facsimile, obtained 
by photozincographic process, was procured from H.M. Ordnance Survey 
— a translation, a map of the Sussex of 1085, and such explanatory and 
elucidatory notes and indices ub seemed requisite to make the interesting 
contents easily intelligible to the modern reader. Thanks to the pains- 
taking labonr beslowcd in no stinted measure by the Editor, the Her. 
Chancellor Parish, and tliose who have worked with liim, that work is 
now completed, and the Committee are able to place in the hands of 
members a bnlky volume which will, without doubt, be accepted, as It 
deserves to be, an s full equivalent, at least, for the ttro annual volumes 
in BObslitulion of which it is issued. TLe " Domesday £ook of Sassex," 
representing the frnit of much labour and research, is sure to take 
hoiionruble rank among Archaeological publications as a book of high 
merit, and will, the Committee arc confident, reflect additional credit upon 
the literary Inbonrs of the Society. That work done, the Society return 
to their old course of annual publications. 

As on previous Dccasions, the Ciimniittee are glad to be able onco 
more to report the Snasex Archaeological Society in a prosperous con- 
dition. Since they did bo last, the county of Sussex has attracted more 
than its ordinary share of notice among archoeoiogista. Two great 
Archaeological Societies from beyond thecounty borders have made it their 
galhering-place at annual meetings. With the meeting of the Royal 
ArchtMOKigical Listitnte Jn 1883 the Sussex Society, courteously invited to 
join, has more particularly identified itself. Many of its members availed 
ihetnaelves of the facilities offered to take part in the cxcarsions and attend 
thfl evening discussions, and to both Societies, Joining for the time in 
Ibit ioBtruclive work, the week spent in common study, ander the guid- 
ance of some of the most disti aguish ed archaeologists of the kingdom, 
may be exjiectcd long to prove a sonrce of pleasant recollect iona. 

The Simsex Archaeological Society hi?ld its Annual Meeting in 1S83 
in a lent erected on the Bowling Careen, within the precincts of the 
Cnslle nl Lewes, on the Slst of July. Its President, the EnrI of 
Cbtchceter, was in the chair. The same nobleman, elected by the 
B«jb1 ArchneologicBl Institnte President of its meeting of the year, on 
■* a «4inc Any opened the Annual Meeting of the Institute in the Connly 



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REPOET. 



XV 



initig lionouTB. Mr. Mickletli waits explained the architectaral 
■ftatnres of the Abbey. Oilier points of interest in Sussex visited were 
Meant Cobum, on ffhicb Mnjor-Oencral Pitt RiTera reported tlie resnlls 
of bia iaveatigaiion of tlie wbilom Celtic camp situated upon its heights ; 
HarttmoDceux Castle, opened by tbe liospitalitj of Mr. H. M. Corteis ; 
Unrstiuonceax Church, in which Mr. R. S. Ferguson oSTered some 
obeervatioDs on the history of the Dacrcs of the South ; New and Old 
Shoreham Cliurchea ; the old Saxon. Church of Somptiug', a com- 
panion building to the ancient churches on the Rhine ; Broadwater 
Obnrcb ; Arundel Castle; Arundel Church, on the history and archi- 
tecture nf which Mr. Freeman, one of the experts consulted in Uie bearing 
of the cnao of the Filz Alan Cbapeli had uinch to say ; the Cathedral and 
Palace of Chichester; and lastly, on the last day of the meeting, by 
iDvitAtion of the Earl of ChicliL'Ster, Stsiimer House, with its srt 
treasDres and historical portraits. 

An object of considerable attraction was found to be the Archaeo- 
logical Mu.«cuin in the County Hall. Tlie articles of historical and 
Dtitnographic interest hnre grouped together Were many. Among other 
things was shown Cnimwell's jiockct Bible, lent by Lord Chichester. 

Most of the evenings dnring the visit of the Institute were given up 
to the reading of papers in the three different sections of tlie meeting, 
the bistoricui, the architectural, nnd the nnliquarian, presided over 
aeveraliy by Mr. E. A. Freeman, Mr. J, T. Micklctbwaite, and General 
Pitt Rivers. Most of the papers read have been reprinted in the 
"Archaeological Jonrnnl" already referred to, a copy of which is preserved 
in ths Library of the .Society. The fir«t mcniion among these papers is 
due to Mr. Freernan's opening address, entitled, " The Early History of 
Sussex," giviug nn historical pictnre drawn by a master hand. Mr, 
Micklethwaite's address deals more specifically with arcbilecluro and the 
sore point of " restoration ;" and that of General Pitt Rivers with Celtic 
and Roman camps in Sussex and Kent, among which |)rominence is 
given to Mount Caburn and Cissbury. The other papers read were 
these : " The Architectural History of tlic Clnniac Priory of St. 
Paneras at Lewes, with Gpccial referi^nuus to recent excavations," b; the 
conductor of those excuvatious, Mr. W. H. St. John Hope ; " A Romau 
Fire Brigade in Britain," by the Rev. J. Hirst ; " Uhservations on the 
Domesday Survey of Sussex," by the Rev. W. Powell ; '■ Swanmarks," 
by Mr. E. Peacock ; " Names of Teutonic Settlements in Sussex, as 
iUiUtrated by Land Tenure and Place Names," by Mr. F. E. Sawyer; 
"Bomaii Pottery Found at Worthing," by Mr. A. J. Fenton; "A 
Group of Sussex Bells," by the Rev. Dr. Raven ; " The Meaning of the 
Shears combined with Clerical Symbols on incised Gravestones," by the 
Rt'V. T. Lees ; " Unmiroda," by Mr. E. Chester Waters (read by Mr. 
E. Walford); "The Antoiia of Tacitus," by the Rev. U. S. Baker; 
M)d " Wall PaiHtings at Fiindsbury Church," by Mr, W. H. St. 
■lohn Hope. On Thuuday evening, August 2ud, the members of tbe 
SuBMX Archaeological Society were, toKelher with the members of the 
luttitule, the guests of the Mayor and Mayoress of Lewes (Dr. and 
1 Vf. Crusikcy) at a btilliuul reception given iu the County Hall, 



XVI REPORT. 

In the course of the evening Mr. R. S. Ferguson, the Mayor of Carlisle, 
read a very able paper on " The Dignity of a Mayor." 

At the last sitting of the Institute meeting the Chairman (Mr. 8. J. 
Tucker), when moving a vote of thanks to the members of the Sussex 
Archaeological Society for their friendly co-operation with the Institute, 
took occasion to refer to the advantage which it is to the Institute to be 
associated with vigorous local bodies like the Sussex Society. <' No 
local Archaeological Society/' he said, ** takes a higher position than 
that of Sussex. This is sufficiently shown by the yearly volumes which 
the Society issues, and the papers which have been read during the 
meeting by Sussex men show how carefully and accurately they go to 
work." 

The Annual Meeting of the Sussex Archaeological Society in 1884 
was held in the grounds of Brickwall, under the presidency of Mr. £. 
Frewen, who had generously placed both house and grounds at the dig- 
posal of the Society for the purpose. The company, numbering about 
150, proceeded by train to Robertsbridge, and from thence by carriage 
to Salehurst, where the Rev. J. W. Loosemore showed them the church, 
upon which he read a paper. Some of the party afterwards inspected 
Robertsbridge Abbey. The next point visited was the ruined Castle at 
Bodiam, kindly thrown open to the Society by the owner, the Right 
Hon. G. Cubitt, M.P. Here Mr. Ridge read a paper on the Castle. 
Luncheon was taken in a tent iu Brickwall grounds, and, conducted by 
their host, the party then inspected the interesting old house with its 
store of relics, and also the Church of Northiam and the large oak on the 
Common under which Queen Elizabeth lunched and left her shoe. In 
the church Mr. James W. Lord, one of the churchwardens, read a paper 
on that building. 

In 1885 the British Archaeological Association made Sussex the 
scene of their Annual Congress, fixing their headquarters at Brighton. 
By their invitation some members of the Sussex Archaeological 
Society joined in the excursions, which were mainly directed into 
West Sussex. On August 25th the Association, by invitation of 
the Sussex Archaeological Society, visited Lewes. They first in- 
spected Southover Church, iu which Mr. E. P. Loftus Brock delivered 
an address, pointing out the well-known points of resemblance 
in the architecture respectively of the Church and the Priory, arguing 
a common origin and equal age. The speaker expressed himself 
particularly well satisfied with the care with which the remains of 
Gundreda are preserved in the memorial chapel. Mr. Round offered 
some observations on the parentage of Gundreda. The party then pro- 
ceeded to the Priory Ruins, upon which Mr. Brock again delivered an 
address, explaining that with the exception of the Cathedral the Prioiy 
is certainly the largest, as it is the most interesting, of old ecclesiastical 
buildings in Sussex. The visitors next ascended the Castle, within the 
walls of which the Rev. P. de Putron, on behalf of the Sussex Society, 
spoke some formal words of welcome, reading afterwards some published 
remarks of Mr. G. S. Clark upon the Castle. Sir John Picton, the 
acting President of the Congress, replied to Mr. de Putron's welcome^ 



• expteaaioQ to tbe friendly feeliii^f ealerlained bj tlie British 

jVjvhaeoIojtical AsBocintion towards tiie Sussex Society. Mr. G. Wright 
ndiled, as Congress Secretary, that the Associftlioii well remembered ihe 
liindneas sliown by the town of Lewes to its members at the great meet- 
ing iu 18S6, when the Earl of ChicheEter presided. After some further 
exchunge of courtesies, the members of the AsHOciation returned to 
Brighton. The excursions o( tbe week included visits to the archaeo- 
logical sights of Brifchtou, to Chichester and Goodwood Honse, to 
Broadwater, Findon, West Tarring, New sod Old Shoreham, Edburton, 
llramber Castle, Pyecombe, Arundel, Bognor, Amberley, Preston, 
Patcliam, Wolstoabury Cmnp, HoUingbnry Camp, and some other 
points of interest. Al most of tliese places explanatory addresses wera 
deliTered. Some very interesting papers were also read at the evening 
meetings. The following deserve mention : A paper on " Old Brighton," 
by Mr. P. E. Sowjer ; " The Font of Si. Nicholas' Church, Brighton," 
by tbe Vcn. Archdeacon Hannah ; " On the Peculiarities of Sussex 
Chufchca," bj Mr. Brock; "Coins of the Ancient British Period," by 
Dr. Bircb ; " Wolstonbnry, Ditchling, and Uollingbury Camps," by Mr. 
T. Morgan. A lecture which excited particular interest was that on 
*' Sussex Songs and Music," delivered by Mr, F. E. Sawyer, at a soiree 
given by llio Mayor of Brighton (Mr. E. J. Reeves) to the Archaeological 
Association, to which members of the Sussex Society were also invited. 
Specimens of old Sussex songs were produced in variety by a choir 
Doder the direction of the lecturer, who succeeded by this demonstration 
ad aurea in conclusively disproving a charge sometimes advanced that 
Sussex is not a musical county. The Congress is considered to have 
passed off very satisfactorily, and there can be no doubt that, like the 
earlier meeliug of the Institute, it has helped to stimulate iuterest in 
nrcliaeolugiiral research in our county. 

In conscqnence of the snmnier visit of the Association just referred to, 
the Sussex Society did not hold its Annual Meeeting for 1885 until the 
1 jth of October, when its members assembled at Eustgrinstead. Iu the 
quadrangle of Saciiville College Lord Colchester bade them welcome in 
the district. Mr. Covey then conducted them over the College. The 
Rev. D. y, Blakiston, assisted by Mr. Stenning, kindly acted as guide 
over tbe Church. The party also visited some interesting old houses In 
the town, including the old Judges' residence. At the dinner Mr. H. R. 
Freebfichl, High Sheriff of Sussex, presided. A few members afterwards 
visited B ramble ij e ; others inspected the modern but iiitereatiug build- 
ings of St. Margaret's. 

During the past year tha Library of the Society has been enriched by 
ft welcome gift of volumes of official publications gencniusly made by the 
Record Office. This collection includes some very valuable books. At 
the same time, tbe Committee were enabled to rent on behalf of the 
Socivty a house adjoining the Castle, which has already been found a very 
useful acquisition. Into this huuse the Committee have moved the books 
belonging to the Society, arranging the buihling as a Library, with a 
comfortable reading-room attached. This reading-room, which is within 
1 buars Of en to members without charge, is kept regularly supplied 



XVlll BEPORT. 

with archaeological periodicals, in addition to the books in the Library, 
and will no doubt be found a great convenience by members who frequent 
it. The removal of the books from the Barbican, setting free a consider- 
able amount of space, has been taken advantage of for a rearrangement 
of the Museum in the Castle, which will likewise be found a material 
improvement. Objects which had previously to be kept out of sight, 
such as curious old Sussex firebacks and valuable tapestries, have now 
been openly displayed, and are found to add considerably to the attrac- 
tions of the collection. 



Since the last report was issued, Death has deprived the Society of two 
of its oldest and most valued members, whose loss leaves a painful void. 
The Rev. William Powell, one of the most active of the Editorial Com- 
mittee, and long an Honorary Secretary of the Sussex Archaeological 
Society, breathed his last on January 28th, 1885. He had for some years 
been in indifferent health, and his death, which came as a release from 
acute suffering, was by no means unexpected . The late Mr. Powell became 
a member of the Sussex Archaeological Society in 1848, and was elected 
an Honorary Secretary in 1860, and a member of the Editorial Committee 
in 1880, when that Committee was first constituted. The Societv is 
indebted to him for many valuable services, both in the preparation of its 
annual volumes and in the general management of its affairs. He was a 
zealous archaeologist and a man of great and varied learning, who had, by 
his genial manners, his invariable kindness and readiness for work, won 
the affections as well as the respect of those with whom he had come 
into contact. Brought up originally to the law, Mr. Powell, in 1852, 
took holy orders, and from 1868 held the living of Newick, in succession 
to his father. He died at the age of 68. 

Another member whose loss the Society has to mourn is Mr. John 
Latter Parsons, of Lewes, one of its founders, who had assisted at the birth 
of the Society in 1846. He, likewise, was a zealous archaeologist, and 
has, in his long term of membership, laid the Society under many obliga- 
tions. His rich store of antiquarian knowledge, his kind manners and 
willing helpfulness early earned him, and long retained, the good opinio 
of his neighbours and fellow-members. He joined the Committee of t' 
Society in 1870, and has contributed several valued papers to the " Sus 
Archaeological Collections," more particularly on the subject of the anc 
Sussex Ironworks. Another favourite archaeological subject of his 
the discovery of the remains of Qundreda and William de Warenn^ 
Southover. As a veritable labour of love he designed and erectc 
much-admired memorial chapel in which those remains have found a 
ing-place. Partly in recognition of his merits in connection wi' 
memorable find, he was selected for the distinction of honorary v 
ship by the British Archaeological Association. 



iroB the foregoing reports were written we 
■pe Bustained a heavy loss by the death, in 
82ad year of his age, of our President, 
) Right Honoubabib Henet Thomas Pelham, 
I Eabl op Chichesteb, Loed Lieutenant op 
(SBEX, and Gustos Rotuloram. This event 
: place at Stanmer, on March 16th, 1836, 
and the sad intelligence was everywhere re- 
ceived with expressions of the deepest regret. 
1 extended reference to his Lordship's long 
eonnectioa with the Sussex Archaeological 
Society and to the important services rendered 

f'i'"-'ng his presidency must necessarily be re- 
d for the next volume of our " Collections." 



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HONORARY MEMBERS. 



1872. Arnold, Ber. F. H., ll.b., Hennitage, EmswortlL 

1857. Bruce, Rev. J. Collingwood, ixj>., F.8.A., Newctstle-on-Tyiie. 

1860. Campkin, H., E«q., f.8JL., 112, Torriano ATenue, Eentiah Town, London. 

1857. Corde, M. YAhh6 de, Bures, Neufchatel. 

1856. Diamond, Hugh Welch, mj)., F.8.A., Hon. Photographer, Twickenham 
House, Twickenham, Middlesex. 

1852. Dudeney, Mr. John, Linden House, Lewes. 

1885. Hoffman, Dr. W. J., Smithsonian Institution, Washington, United States. 

1883. Hope, William Henry St. John, Esq., M.A., F.8.A., The Vines, Bochester. 

1858. Nottingham, The Bight Bev. the Bishop SufEragan of, dj)., f.8JL., 

Leasingham Bectory, Sleaford, Lincolnshire. 

1853. Smith, Chas. Boach, Esq., F.8.A., Temple Place, Strood by Bochester. 
1850. Spurrell, Bev. F., M.A., Faulkboum Bectory, Witham, Essex. 

1864. Semichon, Mons. Ernest, Avocat. 



LIST OP MEMBERS. 



S JJfE COMPOUKDBBS A 



less. 

IMS. 
l(tH3. 

iseit. 

1B6». 
1974, 
1877. 
1S71. 
IAG4. 
10G8. 
1876. 
1686. 

iea2. 



1«67. 
18f>8. 
1M7. 
1865. 
18S2. 
1870. 
1867. 
184H. 
187!». 
1870. 
1872. 
1667. 



1877. 
1881. 
1883, 



*.\badte. Col. I\. R., G, Grange Gardt^ns, Eaetbounie. 

AlwrKavenny, The Uargu^ss of, k.o,, Eridge Castle, Tuobridge Wells, 

Ade, Mr. J. S.. Milton Court, Ariington. 

Allchin, John, Ksq,, Holly Bank, Timbridge Well«, 

'Alexander, W. C, Esq., Aubrev Uause, Camden Hill, Kensinglon. 

*AndrS, J. L., Esq., Hurst Roaa, Horsliam. 

•Arbuilraot, W. R„ £«[., I'law Hatch, West Hoatlily. 

Arnold, E,, Esq., White Hall. Chichester. 

Athensum Club, Psll Uill, London, s.v. 

Att«nborougb, Bev. W. F., Fletching Vicarace, Uckfleld, 

•Attre*. P. W. J„ Caft«in, b.b„ Springfield House, WonJiing, 

Attrev, U., Keq., 6, Richmond Terrace, Brighton, 

Auckland, Ure., School Hill, Lewes. 



Banister, F. D., Esq., London firidce BaiinHj- Station. 

Barcliard, Elphinatone, Esq., u.a., lluddleswell, Uckfleld. 

Barchard, Francis, Esq., Horsted Place, I'ckfield. 

Borcla}', Donald, Esq,, MayReld, 

'Barron, E. J,, Esq., p.a.A., Lincoln's Inn Fields, London. 

Bartlett, Bev. W. A., Vicarage. Wisborougli Green, Billinghurst, 

Baritelot, Colonel Sir W. BartUIot, BaH., C3., M.P., StopLam, Pelwortli, 

'Barttelol, Brian B„ Eaq., Ditton, Torquay. 

Bani-ell, Rev. A. H. S., Clapham fioctorj-. Worthing. 

'Ilnthurst, Hv., Esq.. Springbill, From^, Somerset. 

Batlye, Bev. W. Wilbeiforc?, Hever, Edenbridge, Kent. 

"Bajtier, Wjnne E., Esq., F,o,a,, F.B.O.S., Lewes. 

Beard, B.. Esq., Bottingdean. 

Beard, Mi«s Matilda, Rottingdean. 

Belcher. Rev. T. Hayes, School House, Brighton College. 

Bennett, B«v. Prebendary, Chichester. 

Bennett, John Fletcher, Esq., Korth Breach, Ewliurat, Guildford. 

Bigg, E. P., Esq., Slaugham, HorGbam. 

Bin. Mrs. H., Tudor House, Burgens HUl. 

Birebell, Capt. Boitl Herne Harper, f.r.o.8., UjjperloD 

Bishop, M. H., Esq., 3, Gr08\-enor Road, WeslmiDster, 

Blaauw, T. St. Leger, Esq., Beecblands, Newiuk. 

Btalier, C. 0., Esq.. Haywarda Heath. 

Blaker. Edgar S., Esq., Springfield Lodge, Worthing. 

Blaker. Rev. Cecil Benshaw, «.a. 

Blaker. Arthur Bedeet, Esq,, Beechwood, Lewes. 



n Villa, Eastbourne. 



XXIT SUSSEX ABCB&EOLOGIOAL BOOIETT. 

1871. Blew, BcT. W. J., M.A„ 16, Warwick St., Pali Mail, London. 

1862. Bloxain, Bev. J. Rouse, d,D„ Beediug Priory, llurHtpieipoint. 
1873. Blunt. W. S., Kaq., Crabbet. tlii^e Bridges, Worlli. 

1878. Bonuick, II., Eact., Lewea. 

1846. Borrer. Rev. Danon Carey H., m.a., Huratpierpoiat. 

18«. Borrer, W., Esq.. M.A., F.L.8., Cowfold, Horsham. 

1863, '80™!!, LindHeld, Esq., Henfield. 

1882. Bourdillon, F. W., Ehj„ The Severala, EaatbourDe. 

1848. Bowles, Ret. F. A., m.a.. Singleton, Chichester. 

1863. •Boxall, W. P.. Esq., Belle Vue HsU, Brighton. 

1882. Brabrook, E. W„ Esq,, p.8.4., 177, Higli Street. Lewiahnn. 

1869. Braden, J. G., Esq., Lewes. 

1862. *Bridger, E. K., Esq.. Berkeley House, Hampton, Middlesex. 
1857. Bridges, Kev. A. H„ Beddii^ton House, Croydon. 

1882. Brix, Mocs. Camille de. 63, Rue Henri Kolb, Lille. 

1870. Brockmau, Mrs,, Oore Court, Maidstone. 

1870. Brookp, F. C, Esq., L'ffonl, Woodbridge, Suffolk. 

1863. Brown, J. Ellman. Esq., Buckmgli am Lodge, Stioraham. 

1873. Browne, H. Doughty, Esq., West Lodge, Ai'enue Boad, Begeut'a Park, 
London. 

1879. Browell, Ref. J., Cowfold Vicaragp, Horsham. 

1864. Buck. Kev. W H. M., Seaford. 

1863. Buck^ll, Leonard, Esq., m.d., Uhichester. 

1881. Burder, Mrs. Ellen, Park Dale, Battle. 

1863. Burnett, Rev. Prebendary W., m.a., Bo.xgrove, Oiicbester. 

1881. Burr, n. F., Esq., U.S.A., Halesowen, Bafdslow Road, Hastings. 

1873. Burt, James, Esq.. Montague Street, Worthing, 
1863. Burton, Alfred, Esq., St. Leonards-on-Sea. 
1870. Butler, Rev. J, B. M., Maresfield Rectory. 
1867. ByaM, Thos. 8., Esq.. mj>., Marslialls. Cuck»eld. 

1874. Calvert, Rev. T., f.s.a., 16, Albany Villas, Hove. 
1879, Calvert, Eev. C. P., 3, St. Edward'*e Road, Soutbaea. 

1846. Campion, Rev. Prebendary C. Heatbcote, Rectory, Westmeaton, Hurstpier- 

1870. Campion, W. H., Esq., Danny Park, Hurstpierpaint. 

1863. Card, Mr. H., Lewes. 

1866. Cardale. Rev. E. T., Uckfleld. 

1886, Can^l'loyd, James Martin. Esq., Lancing Manor, Lancing. 

1866. Carler.BoniiamW., Esq., LittleGreen.CloBport:andRefonn Club, Pall Mall. 

1863. Cass, Rev. C. W., Telhara Lawn. Battle. 

1879. Catt, C. W., Esq., 52, Middle Street, Brighton. 

1882. Catt, Miss Caroline, Meeching Place. Newhaven. 
18S4. Catt, Mrs. G., Sunte HouRe, Lindtleld. 

1860. Chambers, 0. P., Esq,, North Field Grange, Eastbourne, 

1882. Chetwynd, Charles R, B., Esq., Ootbic Lodge, Worthing. 

1862. •Chetw\-nd, Hon. Mrs. Charles, Gothic Lodge, Worthing. 

1846. ChichesW, The Earl of, Stanmer Park, Stanmer. 

1870. Chichester, the Lord Bishop of, Cliichestfir. 

1862. Chichester Library Society, Chichester. 

1856. Chichester Literary Society and Mechanics' Inslilute, CbicbeMer. 

1857. Christie, W. L., Esq., Gl.vndebourne, Lowes. 

1881. Churton, Kev. Theodore T„ IckleKlmm Vicarage, Rye. 

1878. Clark, J. C, Esq., Middle Strwl. Brigliton. 

1866. ■Clarke, Somers, Jun., Esq., r.a.A., \5, Dean's Tard, Westminster, B.v. 

1846. Clarkson, Rev. O. A., m.a.. Amberley. 

1879. Clayton, Clias. E., Esq., 20, High l>oft Villas, Brighton. 
1840. Glutton, Henry, Esq., Hartswood, Beigal.'. 

1873. Cockayne, Q. E., Esq., h.a., f.s.a., CoUege of Axm^ Queen Victoria Stnet« 
London. 



LIST OF MEMBEBS. 



eater. Lord, p.a^., 49. Katon Place, s.iv. ; and (jarllon Club. 

IS«i. *Coleauui, Carlos, £aq., Breile. 

1866. 'Coleman, Horace, £aq., Breile. 

1871. Cole, Kev. T. H., M.A., Lowes. 
I8A6. 'Coles, J. 11. C, Esq., Eastbciunie. 

I88L Colea, T. Horaman, Kaq., 7B, Weatbourne TerrncB, Hyde Park, London, W. 

1806. Combe, Boyoe Uarvpy, Esq., F.8.A., Odclanda, BattW. 

1867. 'CoaenB, F. W., Esq., y.s.A., Tbe SheUej-a, Lewes, and 7, Melbury Bond, 

Kensington. 

1B89. Cotdiing, Alexander, Esq., Uorsbam. 

1673. Couling, U., Esq., 1, Grand Avenue Mansion, Weat Brigbt«n. 

1846. Courtliope, Q. C„ Esq., Whiligh, Uawkburst. 

1877. Cowan, T. W., Esq., F.o.S., f.b.m.s., Cumplon's Lea, Horsbain, 

1884. Coirard, William, Esq., UurslTrooit, Ore, near Uastings. 

1875. Crake, Bev, £., Clifton Houaci, Eaatboume. 

1881. Crake, Vaudeluur B., Esq., UiKlilaDtls, 81. Leunards-on-Sea. 

1868. Ciitit*. Mr. B., Wellington, Pulborough. 

1872. Cripps, Mr. E., St«yning. 

ISM. Cripp«, Rev. Jobo Marten, KoTingtan, Iliirslpierpoint. 

1877. Cross. Rev. E. U., Lewes. 

18S7. Crosskey, llobt., E«q., i.e., Cafif!egat#, Lewei, 

ISae. Croaskey. Walter F„ Esq,, Lewes. 

1862. 'Curliiw. Geo., Esq,, Croydon. 

1860. Ciirrey. K. C, Esq., Mailing Deanery, Lewes. 
1840. Curtcis, H, Mascall, Esq., WindmiU Hill Place, Hailsbam. 

1861. Dointrey, C. J., Esq., Market Place, Pelwortb. 
1874. Ualbiac, H, B. A., Esq., Dunington, near Wortliing. 
1881. Uaitiel, Bev. J. C, Lewos. 

1863. 'Uaniel'Tyssen, A., Esq., MM, 40, Cbaucery Lane. London. 

1870. Davey, Rev. H. M., M,i„ f.o.b., Oving Vicaraga, Cbicliester. 

1879. Daray, U., Esq., 82. Grand Parade, Brighton. 

1871. 'Danes, Hiss, 2, South Eaton Place, London, s.w. 
1877. Davis, U. C, Esq., SS, Si. James' Street, Brigbton. 

1880. Davis, R. R., Esq., East Blatchington. 

1881. Davison, Rashell, Esq., Battle. 

1877. Day, Ura., Uckfleld Housl', Uckfield, 

1866. 'Day, W, A., Esq., IS, New Bridge Street, Black/rinrs, London. 

1878. Heareley, Rev. St. John, Wilmington. 

I(t77. !h>b«ry, Rev. T., Athenieum L'liib, and 0, (lid Cavenilisb Strt*l, Loudon. 

18M. 1)e la Warr, Tbe Earl of. Buckhuret Park, Witbybaui. 

laetl. Delre-s. W., Esq.. Ilargate Lodge, Tunbridge Wells. 

18S7. DuU-ea, W. Henry, Esq., 23, Mount Sion, Tunbridge Wells, 

1857. Deninao, Hon. Richard, Westercale. (Jhiohefller. 

1882. Denman, Mr. S., Queen's Boa<l, Brighton. 

1879. Dennet, Cbas. P., Esq.. 1, St. George's Place, Brigbton. 

1883. Dennett, Miss Lilian, Lodswortb, MiiUiurst. 

1858, Dp Piitron, Itov. Ilerre, «,A-, EodmoU. 
1846. Devonshire, Tlie Duki< of. X.o., Easlboiimc. 

1880. Dickinson, Mrs,, Norton Hoiisn, Ilurslplerpoint, 
I86a. nUoa. Miss. Colwdl, Hnywards Heath. 
1877. Drakefonl. Rev. li. J., Elm (trnve, LowiT Sydenham. 

1867. Drewill, Robl., Dawtry. liHi|., PrpiiCTing, Buriiham, Arundel. 

1877, Dncketl, Sir fleo. P., Uarl., I'.e.*., fTewington House, Waltingford; and 

Oxford and Cambridiji? Club, Lomlon. 

1870. Duke, rn-deriuk, Esq.. 7. <.'auibri[lge Ten-ace. Ha-^tings. 

1873. Runkin, E. U. W., Esq., 14, Kidbrook Park Koad, Bfackheatlj, s.k. 

B«Tp. Fredk., Esq., 37, Upjwr Rock Gardens, Brigbton. 
■BaatoD, B.. Esq,, 7, Delaliay Street. Westminstet, 8,w. 



ZXYl SUSSEX ABCHAEOLOOICAL SOOIETT. 

1861. *Eden, Bey. Arthur, m.a., Vicarage, Ticehurst. 

1881. Eggar, T. Esq., 33, Brunswick Road, Hove, Brighton. 

1876. Egmont, The Earl of, Cowdray Park, Midhurst. 

1867. Elliott, Bobt., Esq., The Cedars, Ashford. 

1860. Ellis, W. Smith, Esq., Hyde Croft, Crawley. 

1860. EUman, Bey. E. B., if .a., The Rectory, Berwick. 

1861. Elphinstone, Howard W., Esq., The Grange, Augusta Bead, Purk, Wim- 

bledon. 

1870. •Elwes, D. G. C, Esq., P.8.A., 6, The Crescent, Bedford. 

1871. Elwes, H. T., Esq., Fir Bank, West Hoathly. 
1860. Emary, Mr. H. M., Pevensey Road, Eastbourne. 
1881. Esdaile, J. K., Esq., East Grinstead. 

1873. *Eyans, J., Esq., ll.d., d.cx., f.b.8., P.8.A., Nash Mills, Hemel Hemp- 
stead. 

1860. *Eyan8, Thos., Esq., Lyminster, Arundel. 

1861. *Eyershed, S., Esq., 5, Mount Pleasant, Bamsbury Square, Islington, 

London, n. 

1862. Fairies, Bey. Septimus, B.A., Lurgashall, Pet worth. 

1863. Famcombe, Joseph, Esq., Mayor of Lewes. 

1881 . Famcombe, Richard, Esq., 40, Belgrave Street, Balsall Heath, Birmingham. 

1882. Fenton, Alex. J., Esq., 41, Wenham Road, Worthing. 

1864. Fielder, Geo., Esq., West Horsley Place, Leatherhead. 

1860. Fisher, Richard, Esq., F.S.A., 91, Great Russell Street, Bedford Square, 

London, w.c. 
1881. *Fisher, Samuel Timbrell, Es(]., The Groye, Streatham. 

1881. Fitz-Hugh, A. J., Esq., 3, Payilion Parade, Brighton. 

1882. Fitz-Hugh, Major-General Henry Terrick, Streat Place, Hurstpierpoint. 

1873. Foley, Bey. E. W., The Rectory, Jevington. 

1871. *Fonambe, Cecil G. S., Esq., h.p., f.s.a., Cockglode OUerton, Newark, 

Notts. 
1867. Foster, Rey. Robt., h.a., Burpham, Anmdel. 
1862. •Foyster, Rey. H. B., m.a., St. Clement's Rectory, Hastings. 
1864. •Foyster, Rey. G. A., M.A., All Saints, Hastings. 

1861. •Franks, A. W., Esq., f.b.s., V.P.8.A., 103, victoria Street, Westminster, 

and British Museum. 
1849. •Freeland, Humphrey W., Esq., m.a.. Chichester. 
1864. •Freshfield, Edwin, Esq., v.p.s.a., 6, Bank Buildings, London. 

1876. Freshfield, H., Esq., Kidbrooke Park, Forest Row. 
1878. Friend, Mr. D. B., 77, Western Road, Brighton. 
1871. Fuller, Rey. A., m.a., The Pallant, Chichester. 

1882. Fuller, Mr. George, School Hill, Lewes, and 15, Cornfield Road, Eastbourne. 
1880. Fuller, Thos., Esq., m.d., Shoreham. 

1874. Furley, R., Esq., f.s.a., Ashford. 

1878. Gage, Lord Viscount, Firie Park. 

1874. Gaflard, G., Esq., 3, Ventnor Villas, Cliftonville. 
1867. Gamham, Colonel, Densworth House, Chichester. 

1862. Godlee, Mrs., Lewes. 

1886. Godman, Charles B., Esq., Woldringfold, Horsham. 

1883. Godman, F. du Cane, Esq., f.r.s.. South Lodge, Cowfold, Horsham. 
1882. Godman, Major-General R. Temple, Burton Park, Petworth. 

1877. •Godman, P. S., Esq., Muntham, Horsham. 

1875. Gordon, Rev. A. P., Newtimber, Hurstpierpoint. 
1849. Goring, Rev. John m.a., Wiston Park, Hurstpierpoint. 
1877. Gorringe, Hugh, Esfi., Kingston-on-Sea. 

'"''7. Goschen, Rt. Honble. G. J., m.p., 61, Portland Place, London, w., and 
Seacox Heath, FUmwell, Hawkhurst. 
Goulbum, The Very Rey. E. M., d.d., f.s.a., Dean of Norwich, Norwich. 



LIST OF IIEMBEBS. 



iow&, G. W, G. LeTe6on. Kaq., F.e.A., Titney Place, LimpBAeld. 
'QraDthaio, Sir William, Bsrcoiabe I'Uce. 

Gravely, Richard, Esq., Kewick. 

1668. (ingnry, G. B.. Esq., h.f., Soarzell, Kuratgreen, Ha-vrkhurat. 

' 1876, Orey, P., Eaq., Pippingfortl, Uckfield. 

1886. OriUltli, A. P., Esq.. 15, Buckingham Place, Brighton. 

1886. Driffith, Kev. C. U., 1, (JoUege Grounds, Brigblon College. 

I 1HT6. Urillitli, Henry, Esq., ir.H.A„MantpeUk'r Lodge, Brigh Ion. 

I8tt8. Grover. J. P.. Esq., Lewes. 

187it. Gniggen, F. W., Eeg., ChJcheeter. 

1878. •GwynoB, J. E. A,, Esq., F.8.A., Kolkington Manor, Polegale. 

1871. HaiDM, W., Esq., Iffley Lodge, Oxford Road, I'ulney, s.w. 

1680. Haines, Mr. John, 46, I'reaton Street, Brighton. 

1862. 'Ualee, Rev. Richard Vox, Woodmancote, lliiralpierpoinC. 
I 1S64. •IlaU, J. E.Eardley, Esq., Barrow HiU.Uenfield. 

I8NU. Uall, Mr. Charles, Kingston, Lewes. 

iSHi. Hall. William Hamilton, Heron Court, Rugeley. 

' 1858. Hoisted, C. T., Ksc)., Cliichealer. 

I 18di>. Hampilen, Lord Viscount, o.c.n., Olynde Place. 

, 1871. 'Itannah, Veu. Archdeacon, D.CJ... The Vicarage, Brightou. 

, 1^.>. *Hannsli, Rev, John Julius, h.a.. The Vicarage, Brighton. 

18T8. IlanneD, The Right Honble. Sir James, 49, Lancaster Oat«, London, i 

' 18tt8. Harland. 11.. Esq., u.c., Tunbriitge Wells. 

. IWl. llarland, Mrs. J. S.. Sussex Stiunre, Brighton. 

, 1859. Hairis, W, J., Esq., 2G, Marine Parade, Wortbing. 

1878, •llariing, J, Vincent, Esq.. p.S-i.. 'M, Lincoln's Inn Field^ London. 

1879. Haselwood, J. E,. Esq., S, Lennox Place, Brighton. 
18H5. Ilaverfleld, Frank, Esq., LanL'ing College, Shorebam. 

' 1860. Uaviland, Rev. 0. E.. «.*... WarTileion Hectory, Hawkhurst, 

' IStta. llatrcis. Rev. W. H.. h.a., Slaugham. 

' 1848. *HawkiiiB. Rev. R., u.a., Laiu&rhurBt. 

I I87S, Hawkins, Rev. H, S.. Beylon R^clory, Bury Rt. Edmunds. 

' 1877. *Uawkshaw, Sir John, 33, Great George Street, WeBlminsicr, London, 

I ia77. "Ilawlialiaw, H. P., Esq., f.h.a., 33, Great George Street, Weatminster, 
' London, s.w. 

1832. Hajdon, Rev. W., Bapcliild Vicarage, Siltinghoume. 

IB68, ilailitt, W., E»q„ f.s.a.. Bankruptcy Court, London. 

186U. Head, Mr. J., Lewes. 

1870. Ilenty, C, Percival, Esq,, Hambrook, Emswortli. 

' 184tt. Hepburn, Rev. Prebendary F. R., ».a., Chailcy, 

I 1881, Ueaiop, Waller, Esq., St. Leonards-on-Sea. 

1888. Heurt.W. Rev. Charles A., Rectorj-, Aafjington, Pulborougb. 

1856. *HiII. CharhM. Esq., P.s.A., Rockhurst, Westhoathly. 

I 1863. Hill, Mr. John, Uuesfleld. 

1875. Hill, Miss A.. Asby Lodge. Carlton Rood, Putney Hill, Loudon, e 

1886. Hill, Bev. Reginald Hay, Parham Rector}-, Pnlborough. 

1876. Hjllman, A., Esq., Iford. 
1866. Hillman, Edward. Esq., Lewe». 
1866. Hills, Gordon M., Esq., 12, St. John's Street, Adelphi, London. 

' 1871. Hine, II. G., Esq,, Hurstleigb, Arkwrigbt Road, Hampstead, Lon 

I 1867, Hogg, Kobt., Esq.. ll.D., 90. St. George's Square, Pimlico, Londo 

1881. HoUamby, Mr. Edwin, Gioomhridge. 

I84fl. Holland, Itov. T. A., u.a., Poynings Rectory, 

1887. Holland, Ret, Cljas.. Pel.wonli Reclon'. 

1863. Ilolman, Henry, Esq,, East Hoaibly, 
188*. Hnlmi>8, Rev. Alleyne James. Burton Firs, Pefwortli. 
lSfi6, •Holmes, E. C, Esq., Brookfleld, Anindel. 
1865. Holmes, G, P., Esq., Worthing. 
ISee. Honywood, Tlios., Esq., Horsham. 



• • • 



XXVni SUSSEX AfiCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETT. 

184v^. •Hoi»e. Ri>:hr lion. A. J. Benesford, llj)., Dxx^ fj.a, ii.p^ Bedgburf 

Park. L'ranbivjk, as<I Arklow House, Connaught Plaoe, London. 

H74. Iloi^r. W.. Khi-. .<t. KlizaU.th Head, Worthing. 

1*^74. Il'.«i»/r. Mr*. II., •».'«, Lin^ltr-n Gardrus, London, w. 

1n>». lK»iit*r, KK■i;a^!. E^^.. Hill Farm. Cowfold. 

l**7S 11' •-"'"••v. Ti:.'.*., Kmj., Thr Kims, Kingmer. 

l*57.s. •U..\r'':i.leu. K.. Kni-, llr-ath Coi^. Park llill. Croydon. 

1*^?,». Il.'wlr!:. J..W.. tsH^.. >. ^MI. j?!:vfi. Brighton. 

lV>i*, Hu^^a^i. Williaa; K*:rrr :;. Esq.. Ltronanlfile^, HoiBham. 

I s"i< ». H ii:: : , Ih rs ar- 1 H ii^ v, E -<i ., Lt w^s and Brighton. 

]SHi. H '.::>:. K. i-rr: Urnry. Es^i^ TLr Park. Horsham. 

lS4*i. Huxity, Kiwar-l. Exj.. So. rury CasiJ?-. Lamberhurst. 

lN^i\ ♦Uusffi y. E. L., Em4.. ^:. Alia:c'?^ Oxford. 







• A,- Vvv \ ■ rV: . r. IViir:. Brighton. 
•,~ ^ v-i. ,.v >X . ' ^» vr*. =:t«>- E-ra-L L?ndon, and Edgeworth 

\ . -i . y>v; . ->\ '.•>.*: G-* ' TV?? Strwt. Westminster, 8.W. 



f ■ 



I 



• ■'; l^; ■.'........ w V ... . • : 

' ••' '»■' - ii i: ., ■■■ - -. ■.■■...... ..-i> : 

;'■■' '••''■ M. ' .. ■■ -, .*-.■:* ^. a... ?-\ :• Si*. 

I '.5' hi'i.; I , \i . U-.. >. .i..^ 'i.!.-.*. .vs.-- l:^s :':*2:5. 

I^'l Ki.ll^. II.-, U T. \J V V. M4-.-..t.:. 

i ■/•» Iw.l.y Ml- . \\v : M M" : X. 

i '/■■» h'liKlaiul, liiiil. \V;4''«.-r. i- H.', > . Ka^*'./-, .77..-. 

i i': '♦Kiruaii, J. S.. Kmj., K. fo./i. ' . .r,, L^r.loz. an«l 1, Ri( 



j> i.i 



. ^. .^ . .. Richmond Gardens, 

hiiiukaink, i*. K., Kw|,, J J, U,u- 'U- /wil.r, Parii. 
i /i Kii.i\\K«, Itev. JoJjii, M.A., /./..I,., M,.o., f.».a.,'f.g.s., Tunbridge Wells. 

I'^'/J Luiin, Henry <-., K/wi., .M)f|f||if/,ri, Hijn!f|fi^rii4-4nt 

iHli. Litiidiejiter, n«-iiry ./.. IOm/.. ;j, Al,rl,.,rr:i, Vard, Cannon Street, London, and 

Lamach, Doiml'I, K-ui, Mr«riilil«ivi., l-jiMi^riiiHti'ad 
JUjach. MiHK, Kiii|.;".i hnnd. r)n|i)iiiiii I'lnk, Siim'y. 
Usar, Mrn. M., .MrthifMnm JImiiih', l#iniiluiiii|it(,ii.' ' 

^athley. n W ILm- Inni. |.;.„, . .'i„„.| Knrk. Midhurst, and 44, Lincoln's 
Inn rloIilM, w % ' ' 

i^n'l'ts^^Vi''""'! *■'•"' '..■''• ''""'" ''I'"*''' *''«••"« <'»"^s London. 
I^gffi^, r. K , |.'qi| . I n^rtiii, i'|ii,.||,,.,i„, 

•I^^io.C. S., Iv^m .11. CImiiikiim. n|,| Mi,M,|,M»u. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. 



XXIX 



L«we8 Libruy Sodetv, Lewee. 

1670. Libru^ Congre«e, wasbiiiKtoii, VM., care of E. G, AJlen, Americui 

Agency, 12, Tmistock Hiiw, Covejit Garden, w.c. 

1876. 'Unitiglon, G. E., Esq., Plashet, Kust Umn, Kasen. 

1870. Lister, John, Eeir, Wsminglid Grange, Usywanle Henlli. 

1878. Liverpool Free Public Library, William Brown Street (care of Peter 

Corvell, Librarian), Liverpool. 

1886. Lloyd, James M. C, Esq., Lancing Manor, Sborebani, 

1863. London Corporation Library Commitiee, Guild Hall. London. 

1884. Loosemore, Bev. Robert Wood, Salt^hurst Yiearaee, HawkhurBt, 

1677. Lower, W. de Warenne, U, King William Street, London. 

1866. Lucas, John Clay, Esq., F.s.a., heyree. 

1871. "Luck, F. Gt Esq.. The Olives, Wadburst. 

1848. Luiford, J. 8. O. Robertson. Esq.. Bigb Bam House, Eavkhunt, Hunt- 

1861. Lnxlord, Rev. G. C„ m.a.. High Ilam. Uawkhurst. 



1852. 
1862, 
1878. 
18M. 



1858, 
1848. 
1873. 
1869. 

1656. 

iB7n. 

1801. 
1862. 
1681. 
1873. 
1873. 



Hacforlane, Mr. J. B., 40, East Street. Brighton. 

■Mackinlay, D., Esq., 0, Western Tt^rraue, Hillliead, Olattgow. 

Maiden, Henry Cbarlee, Esq., WinOlesliam Uouse, Brighton. 

Mftoby, Lieut.-Col., F.B.S., The Qreys, Easlboume. 

Margesson, Lieut.-Col., Findon Place, Worthing. 

Uargesson, Miss. Botney Lodge, Haywards neatli. 

Mai^csson, Miss U. A,, Bolney Lodge, Haywards ITestli. 

Martin, Chai., Esq., Battle. 

Marlineau, E. II.. Esq., 30, Weymouth Btreet, Portland Place, London, ^ 

Meadows, Geo., Esq., Uavelook road, Hastings. 

•Melville, Bobt., Esq., llartHeKl Grove, flartfleld. 

MerriHeld, F., Esq.. 24, Vernon Terrace. Brighton. 

Michcll, H., Esq., Worthing Road, Hor«ham, 

HUb, Mr. A., 2U, Sf . James Street, Brighton. 

'Milner, Rev. J.. 43, Brunswick Square, Brishlon. 

Mitchell, Rev. H., V.A., F.B.A., Bosbam, ChicUesIer. 

Mirtord, W. T., Esq.. Htis lUH, Petworth. 

•Mivart. St. George, Esq. f.h.s., 71, Seymour Slwi-t, Ilydo Park, w. 

Molineux, George, Esq., Old Bank, Lewes. 

Molyneux, Honble. F. G., TunWdge Wells. 

MoiDi, E., Em., St, Ann's, Lewes. 

Monk, T. J., Esq., Levres, 

Monk Bretton, Lord, ttaney borough, Lewes. 

Moore, Resta W„ Esq., Worthing. 

Moimt, Rev. PrebeUdarj- F, J,. m.a„ Yiesrage, CuckBeld. 

MurchiBon, Kenneth R., Esq., Brockburst, Easlgriiietead. 



1851 ■ 
1846. 
1870. 



1881. 
1848. 

laei. 

1866. 
1881. 
1870. 
1808. 



Napier, Rev. C, W. A., m.a,. Rectory, Wiston, UuratpieTpoint, 

Kapper, H. F., Esq., Laker's Lodge, Loxwood, Billingshurst. 

Nesbitt, A., Esq., r.e.A.., Old Lands. Maresfield, Uckfleld. 

Ifevill. Lady Dorothy. Stillyands, Horcham Boad. 

•KichollB, Rev, H.. m.a., 17. Banbury Rosd, OsJord. 

•Kichols, Robert Cradock. Esq., i',s,a., Lodge Lands, Balcombe. 

Noakes, Mr. J., Chlddinglv. 

•>'oakes, Mr. Fredc, Battle. 

Noble, Captain, p.b.A.B., f.u.H.a,, Forest Lodge, Maresfleld, Uckfleld. 

Nolloth, Bev. C. F., The Wallaads. Lewes. 

Norfolk, the Duke of. x.q,, Arimdel Castle, Arundel. 

Norman, Mr. 8,, St. John s Common, Uurstpierpoint. 

Norman, Mr, Geo., Coakifhtiilge. 

Norton, G., Efkj., Sloue Pluo.-, Ardiugly. 



ttX SUSSEX ABGHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

1866. O'Flahertie, Rer. T. R., m.a., The Vicara^, Capel, Surrey. 
1868. Onne, Rev. J. B., m.a., Rector^', Angmenng. 

1884. Pagden, William, Worthing. 

1849. Paine, Cornelius, Esq., 9, iJwes Crescent, Brighton. 

1861. •Paine, W. I)., Esq., Cockshott Uill. Reicate. 

187:2. Pakenham, The llonble. Admiral, Franklyns, Ilaywanls Heath. 

1884. Papillon, Phillip Oxenden, Esq., Crowhufst I'ark, Battle. 

1858. Paris, G. de, Esq., 6, Denmark Terrace, Montix»llior Road, Brighton. 

1876. Parish, Rev. Chancellor W. !>., Selmeston. 

1881. Parkin, Thos., Es(|., m.a., f.r.g.s., Ilalton, Hastings. 

1885. Parrington, Rev. J. W., East Dean Vicarage. 
1885. Parsons, Latter, Esq., Mill Croft, Eastbourne. 
1881. Parsons, John, Esq., Priorj- Crescent, Lewes. 
1881. Parsons, Thos., Esti., Lewes. 

1870. Patching, Mr. E. C, Wortliing. 

1865. Peachey, W., Esq., Ebernoe, Petworth. 

1885. Peacock, Thos. F., Esi^., 11, South Square, Gray's Inn, London. 

1871. Pearless, J. R., Escj., ^o^thleigll, East Grinstead. 
1858. *Penfold, Hugh, Esq., Rustington, Worthing. 

1879. *Peckham, Rev. HaiT>- J., Nut ley Vicarage, Uckfield. 
1878. Perry, Robt. H., Esq., 89, Regency Square, Brighton. 

1871. Philpot, Rev. W. B., South Bersted Vicarage, iJognor. 

1884. PhilJipps, C. Taylor, Esq., 22, St. Ann's Villas, I^wes. 
1849. Phillipps, Mr. John, Worthing. 

1846. *Pitman, Rev. Prebendary T., m.a., Eastbomne. 

1856. *Plowes, John Henry, Esq., 39, York Terrace, Regent's Park, London, N.w, 
1870. Pocock, Crawford J., Esq., 24, Cannon Place, Brighton. 

1874. Polhill, R. C, Esq., 1, Grange Villa, Furnace Road, Eastbourne. 

1885. Potter, Mr. Walter, Northcliflfe, Stamford Road, Brighton. 
1848. Powell, James D., Esq., High Hurst, Newick. 

1846. Powell, Rev. Richmond, m.a.. South Stoke Rector\', Arundel. 

1864. Powell, J. C, Esq., Selsfield, East Grinstead. 

1861. Price, John E., Esq., f.8.a.,27, Bedford Place, Russell Square, London, w.c. 

1848. Prince, C. L., Esq., f.r.a.s., Crowborough Beacon, Tunbridgo Wells. 

1881. Pratt, J. C, Esq., Highfield, Seddlescombe. 
1860. Pullinger, Mr. E., Lewes. 

1882. Pullinger, Mr. William Wallis, Union Street, Brighton. 

1872. Quaritch, Mr. Bernard, 15, Piccadilly, London. 

1857. Ramsbotham, James, Esq., Warren, Crowborough, Tunbridge Wells. 
1846. Raper, R. G., Esq., Chichester. 

1872. Raider, W. A., Es^., Battle. 

1884. Rathbone, Frederic, Esq., Ryssel Ridal Road, Streatham^ London. 

1882. *Read, General John Meredith, Avenue Camot, Champs Elys^es, Paris. 

1868. Read, Rev. T. F. R., Rector>', Withyham. 

1882. Rendell, Rev. Arthur Medland, Coston Rectorj% Melton Mowbray. 

1882. Renshaw, Alfred, Esq., 2, Suffolk Lane, Upper Thames Street, London. 

1863. Renshaw, T. C, Esq., The Hall, Southend, Catford Bridge, London, 8.B. 

1877. Rice, R. Garraway, Esq., Broadwater House, Addiscombe Road, Cit)ydon. 

1870. Richardson. Rev. W. E., Rectorj', Southover. 

1884. Rickman, John Thornton, Esq., Mailing Lane, Lewes. 
1876. Rid^, L. W., Esc]., 7, Upper Wobum Place, London, w.c. 
1851. *Robertson, Rev. Divie, m.a.. Vicarage, Henfield. 

1858. Robertson, Dr. Lockhart, Grand Avenue Mansions, West Brighton. 

1885. Robbins, Rev. Dr., JVamfleld Rector>% Hawkhurst. 

1850. Rock, James, Esq., 6, Binswood Place, Kenilworth Road, Leamington. 
1856. Roots, G., Esq., F.8.A., 2, Ashley Place, Pimlico. 

1871. *Boper, F. C. B^ Esq., F.L.8., F.o.8., Belgrave nouse, Eastbourne. 



LIST OF 



^ Cobnel Holden, The Fema. Wi^-elsfielil. 

1861. Boas, Hrary. Eeii., f.s.a., tliPstliam PstIc. HenfieW. 
lt$S2. Rose, Thomas Gt>org(', Etig., TuJor House, llsafiitgg, 

1869. Roaseti'r, Mrs.. IforU Manor. 
1834. Boswell, Mr. Thomus, Barcombc. 

1876. BouDilell, C. S.. Esq., m.p., Oahorne Gardens. FeraliiiTHt, Haslemere. 

1S68. Ruab. Rev. Hnir; JotiD, u.x.. Haute Titte, Ilaywarda lleatb. 

1860. RuBsell, Mr. Albion. Uvrea. 

1866. Butter. Jaeh.. Esq,, m,i>., Codringfon House, WeaierD Road, Brighton. 

1885. Ryde, G. W., £«[., 44. SilwooJ Road, Brighton. 

ISflfl. Saint. Bev. J, J,, m.*., Groom liridge. 

1B83. Sanderson, Rev. Edward. Rectory, Uckfield. 

1864. Sandbam, Rev. J. M., M.A. Coldwalttiato, Pulborough. 

1878. •Sawyer, Fred. K., Esq., F.e.A., 65. Buckingham Plac*. Brighton. 

1870. Sawyer Q. D., Esq.. f.r.m.8., 56. Buckingham Place, Brighlon. 
1882. •Sawyer, Mr. John, 29, St, George's Road, Brighton. 
1882. Scammell, B. C, Esq., Lewes. 
1668. Sclater, Jamea H., Esq., Newick Park, Lewes. 
1863. Scott, M. II., Esq., 19, Lansdowne Place, Hove, Brighlon, 
18S2. Scrivena. G., Esq., i), Pelham Place, HaatingB, 

1871. Selmes, James, E»q., Losaenham, Asliford. 
IBTa. Sergison. Warden, Esq., The Park, Cuckflold. 
1878, Sheffield. The Earl of, Sheffield Place, Fle1<;h{ng. 

1875, Shenatone. P. S.. Esq.. Siittou Hall. Barcombe. 

1846. BhLHner, Rev. Sir G. Croxton, Bart., m.a., Coombe Place, Lewes. 

I86'2. Shoppee. C. J., Eaq.. 61. Doughty Street, Mecklenburgb Square, London. 

1878. Simmons, Mr. T., Lewes. 

1862, Simmons, H., Esq., Beaford. 

1876. Slack, H. J.. Esq., Aebdown Cottage, Forest Row. 
I87a Smith. A. W.. Esq., t.c.l,, Kent Houbb, Rye. 

1870. Stnitb, Mrs. Franda, Salt Hill, Chichester. 

1871. Smith, Mrs. Henry, St. John's House, Chichester. 
1846. Smith, Mr J. Russell, 36, Soho Sqnai«, London. 
1860. Smith, Mr. W. J., Korth Street, Brighton, 
1868. Smith. O. A,, Bag., Hammerwood Lodge, East Orinstead. 
1870, Smith, J. Maxfleld, Esq., Hill House, Lewes. 
1874. Smith. J. P. M.. Esq., 1 18, Western Road, Brighton. 
1884. Smith. Rev. Irton, South Lynn, Eastbourne. 

1866. Smyihe, Lewis, Esq., M.B., Lewes. 

1867. *Snuth, Miss Elizabeth, 41, Cambridge Road, Brighton. 

1879. Snewin, Mr. H. E., Park Road, Worthing. 
1862. ■Sperling, Rev. J. H., m.a„ Cation Houbb. Norwich. 
1866. Spratley, J. S.. Esq.. 163, Campbell Road. Bow. London. 

1876. Springett, Edinund S., Esq.. AsliHeld Lodge. Hawkhurst, 

1877. Spurrell, I!., Esq., 22, Lushington Road, Eastbourne. 

1880. Staveley. G. A. P., Esq., Woldhurstiea. Crawley. 
1M6. Stead. Rev^A., _m.a., Oringdean Iteclorj-, Brighlon. 



Stewart, Robert. Esq.. Manor House. Hord. 
I, F. W.. Esq., Cliarlton Lodge. Tut ' * ' 
■, Mrs.. The R«ci«ry. Briglitling. 



IdCSL Stone, F. W.. Esq., Cliarlton Lodge. Tunbridge Wells. 



1867. Streatteilil. R. J., Esq.. the Rocks. Cckflel.l. 
1670. Strickland, Mr. Geo., Ilailshara. 
.UTa. Strickland, Mr. W., Hailsham. 

Button, Rev. Prebendary B. S., m.a., Bype Reclory, Hawkhurst. 
Sutton, Rev. Prebendary E., M,a-, Fevensey. 



XXZn SUSSEX AfiCHAEOIiOGIOAL 800IETT. 

1881. Swainson, Rev. A. J., Vicarage, Foreat Bow. 
1861. Swainson, Rev. Canon, d.d., Chichester. 
1863. *Swift, John, Esq., Southfields, Eastbourne. 



1882. Tasker, Mr. Frank, Prince Albert Street, Brighton. 

1851. Tatham, Rev. R. R., B.D., Vicarage, Dallington. 
1875. Taylor, W., Esq., Glenleigh, Westham, Eastbourne. 
1884. Teulon, Rev. Preby. J. S., The North Pallant, Chichester. 
1848. Thomas, W. Brodrick, Esq., 52, Wimpole Street, London. 
1881. Thomas, Mr. David, 53, King's Road, Brighton. 

1867. Thomas, Rev. S. Webb, m.a., Southease. 

1869. ^Thompson, T. C, Esq., Ashdown Park, Forest Row, East Grinstead. 

1857. Thorpe, G. Archibald, Esq., Hiffh Croft, Hastings. 
1881. Tillstone, F. J., Esq., Yarra Villa, Preston, Brighton. 
1881. Tillstone, Mr. llarry, Yarra Villa, Preston, Brighton. 

1869. Tooke, Mrs. Cheval, Hiu-ston Clays, East Grinstead. 

1852. *Tourle, J. J., Esq., 13, Southampton Buildings, Chancery Lane, London. 
1884. Trew, Thomas Medland, Es<|., m.d., Eastfield Park Hill Rise, Croydon. 
1851. Tribe, W. Foard, Esq., The Manor House, Broadwater, Worthing. 

1860. Trower, C. F., Esq., 7, Kensington Gate, London. 

1879. Tudor, Rev. Owen L., Yealton, Addingham Road, Eastbourne. 

1878. Turing, Sir Robt., Chilgrove, Chichester. 

1878. Turing, Lady, Chilgrove. 
1872. Turner, W. W., Esq., Seaford. 

1855. Turner, Rev. Thos. R., m.a., Lingfield Road, Wimbledon. 

1865. Turner, Richard, Esq., Lewes. 

1881. Twy cross, George F., Esq., Jun., 22, Iffley Road, Oxford. 
1846. Tyacke, Nicholas, Esq., m.d., Chichester. 

1882. Usill, Mr8.» Fulboum Lodge, Blackwater Road, Eastbourne. 
1882. Vidler, James Coleman, Esq., Rye. 

1863. *Wagner, H., Esq., F.8.A., 13, Half-Moon Street, FiccadiUy, London, w. 

1861. Walker, Rev. G. A., m.a., Chidham, Emsworth. 

1879. *Walker, Ven. Archdeacon, Cliichester. 

1870. *Walli8, G. A., Esq., 14, Seaside Road. Eastbourne. 
1882. Walsh, Rev. Walter, m.a., Folkington Rectory, Polegate. 

1871. Warren, John, Esq., ll.b., b.a., Handcross Park, Ci^wley. 
1875. Warren, E., Esq., 95, Lancaster Gate, London, w. 

1858. Warren, Reginald A., Esq., Preston Place, Worthing. 
1879. Watson, Col. W. H., Capron House, Midhurst. 

1857. Wauffh, Edward, Esq., Cuckfleld. 

1877. Wedd, G., Esq., Charmandean, Worthing, and 51, Queen's Gardens, Loo- 
don, w. 

1853. Weir, Harrison, Esq., Tunbridffe Wells. 

1872. Weir, J. Jenner, Esq., P.L.8., Cherbury, Copers* Cope Road, Beckenham. 

1868. Weller, T. E., Esq., Langport Villa, Spring Grove, Kingston-on-Thamet. 
1846. Wellesley, Lady Victoria I^ong, West Stoke House, Chichester. 

1881. Wells, Arthur, Esq., St. Leonards-on-Sea. 

1861. Wetherell, N., Esq., Pashley. Hawkhurst. 

1857. Wetherell, Major Richard, 12, Lansdown Road, Tunbridge Wells. 

1867. Wheatley. G. W., Esq., Charlwood House, Charlwood, Surrey. 

1881. Whistler, Rev. R. F., m.a., The Vicarage, Ashbumham. 

1874. Whitehead, T. M., Esq., 8, Duke Street, St. James', London, w. 

Whitelock, Rev. Benjamin, m.a., Groombridge. 

Whitfeld, G^., Esq., Lewes. 



LIST OF HEMBEBS. XZXIU 

885. WilkiiiBon, Mr. Th08., 21, Portland Place, Brighton. 

846. Willett, Henry, Esq., F.a.8., Arnold House, Bnghton. 

880. •Willett, Bey. F., Bedales Hill, Lindfield. 
873. Williams, W. J., Esq., 17, Middle Street, Brighton. 

886. Williamson, G., Esq., Dunstanbeorh, Guildford. 
868. Winham, Bev. D., m jl., Western House, Brighton. 
872. *Wisden, Lieut-Col., The Warren, Broadwater, Worthing. 
884. Wolfe, Miss E. 8., High Broom House, Botherfield. 

881. Wolff, Henry William, Esq., High Street, Lewes. 
878. Wood, Alex., Esq., The Laurels, Horsham. 
872. Wood, H. T., Esq., Fittleworth, Little Bognor, Pulborough. 
881. Woodman, Thos. C, Esq., 83, Montpellier Boad, Brighton. 
868. Woods, A. W., Esq., 18, Denmark Terrace, Briighton. 
859. Woods, J. W., Esq., Chilffroye, Chichester. 
868. Wright, B., Esq., a.l.8., Hurstmonceuz. 

881. Wright, Alexander J., Esq., Hiffhcroft, Arundel Boad, Eastbourne. 

848. •Wyatt, Hugh Penfold, Esq., Cissbury, Worthing. 

847. Wyatt, Bev. J. I. Penfold, m.a., Hawley Parsonage, Blackwater, Hants. 
867. Wyndham, Hon. Percy, Petworth. 

861. Toung, Edmund, Esq., Steyning. 

862. Toung, William Bladunan, Es(^, Grove, St. Leonards-on-Sea. 
881. Toung, Herbert, Esq., 2, South Terrace, Hastings. 

1873. *Zoachet Lord, Parham, Pulborough. 



CORRESPONDING SOCIETIES, &o. 



The Society of Antiquaries of London. 

The Royal and Archffiological Association of Ireland. 

The British ArchsBological Association. 

The Cambrian Archaeological Association. 

The Royal Arch»ological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland. 

La Soci^t^ des Antiquaires de Normandie. 

The Norfolk and Norwich Archieological Society. 

The Essex Archieological Society. 

The London and Middlesex Archieological Society. 

The Somersetshire Archaeological Society. 

The Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire. 

The United Architectural Societies of Yorkshire, Lincolnshire, Northampton, 

Bedfordshire, Worcestershire, and Leicestershire. 
The Kent Archieological Society. 
The Surrey Archieological Society. 
The Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. 
The Yorkshire Arch»ological and Topographical Society. 
The Powys-land Club. 
The Cambridge Antiquarian Society. 
The Berkshire Archseological Society. 
The Gloucestershire Archieological Sodety. 
The Smithsonian Institute, U.S. America. 
The Derbyshire Archfeological Society. 
The Lambeth Palace Library. 
The Royal Institute of British Architects. 
The Shropshire Archieological and Natural History Society. 

The Stote Paper Office. 
The College of Arms. 



itascx ^rci)aco(ogical Sjocictg. 



SUPPLEMENTARY OBSEEYATIONS ON THE 
P,-VRENTAGE OF THE COUNTESS GM- 
DREDA, WIFE OF WILLIAM, FIEST EAKL 
,0F WARENNE AND SURREY. 



By SIE G. F. DTJCKETT. Eaet. 



" Life it too sKoTt for Jiijkting thatloics." 



Op all controversies at the present time, that oq the 
Parentage of Gundreda, wife of William de Warenue, 
Earl of Surrey, is the moat unsatisfactory, as it is, pro- 
bably, save on the score of liistoric truth, the least 
important. The subject of her parentage, as the 
daiighter of William the Conqueror, has been so often 
ventilated in this and other journals, that it is not 
likely to come upon its readers for the first time, but 
whilst it is useless to seek any compromise, it ia equally 
impossible to arrive at any solution of the question 
under the maze and labyrinth of diverging and converg- 
ing views enunciated by the several disputants. 

The latest contribution, in presumed elucidation of 
tbo matter, by Mr. Chester Waters [" ArcUaeol. Journal," 
No. 1(J3, 1884], is very far from satisfactory. It ia 
neither clear nor convincing, and although drawn up with 
ability, may be ratbor considered as a piece of desiruclive 



2 SUPPLEMBNTAET OBSERVATIONS ON THE 

criticism, tending to convey the impression that all 
writers on the subject have hopelessly blundered except 
himself. His sketch-pedigree in proof of the descent 
endeavoured to be established is not conclusive, neither 
do his assumptions in respect of St. Anselm's valuable 
letter to Henry 1. rest on solid grounds. -We ourselves 
lay great stress on that letter, but arrive at other conclu- 
sions. Tabular pedigrees are specious and ostensibly 
decisive, but apt to deceive the uninitiated. They parade 
and suggest a completeness to which they have no right, 
unless irrefutable and convincing reference be given for 
every grade in the descent. This essential quality in Mr. 
Waters's case is conspicuous by its total absence, the 
several grades being unsupported by any reference to 
authorities. 

The light and airy manner in which the modem school 
decide these questions is amusing, but not an obvious 
proof of their infallibility. The self-sufficient confidence 
with which genealogical inferences and canons of criticism 
are manufactured on a subject, like the present, involving 
caution, study, and long experience, and to be approached 
only with due respect, is one of the prevailing fashions 
of the day ; but this class of critics cannot be allowed to 
ride rough-shod over those who take an opposite view, 
or cast ridicule on evidence received for centuries as 
authentic, according to their own goodwill and caprice. 
Seeing, however, that as regards the present controversy 
most, if not all, competent antiquaries have unfortunately 
passed away, to whom it would have belonged to refute 
the wild theories propounded on this subject, the present 
generation seems likely to be able to challenge aU argu- 
ment and set criticism at defiance. Meanwhile counterfeits 
must not mislead us. It is manifestly clear that what 
has been accepted as true in a nation's annals for seven 
or eight centuries, is more worthy of confidence than the 
alleged ** discoveries," and far-fetched views of modem 
antiquaries. 

On one point, and one only, do we agree with Mr. 0. 
Waters, namely, that the Chartulary of Clugni is likely 



PAEENTAOB OF THE C0DNTE3S OUNDBEDA. 6 

1 be the beat (and perhaps only) chance of solving 
the problem o£ Gundreda'a relationship to the Con- 
queror. 

The paper, now submitted to the Sussex Archaeological 
Society, was drawn up some time since on the appearance 
in the " Academy " of certain notices on the parentage 
of Gundreda. The gist of these several articles, in a 
condensed form, is contained in the last paper on the 
subject by Mr. Waters, to which allusion has just been 
made. This paper embraces, however, the same views, 
but urges nothing to alter in the least our opinion and 
belief in the Lewes Chartulary, or the Royal Parentage 
of Gundreda, so that we adhere to the original evidences 
on these points with greater tenacity. Until all existing 
Charters have been thoroughly ransacked, including, as 
we have said, the Chartulary of Clugni — supposing it to 
be still extant — we have no other authentic data on which 
to rely, besides what we have already. A thorough over- 
hauling of such records might bring us nearer to the truth, 
but notwithstanding the unbelief of the present age, in 
things temporal aa welt as spiritual, nothing has hitherto 
been discovered or adduced (iu our mind) to impugn the 
authenticity of existing evidence. 

In dealing with the question of Gundreda, Countess of 
Warenne, there seems an infatuation on the part of some 
to be guided exclusively by Ordericus Vitalis, and to 
af&liate her to a common parent with one Qherbod, a 
Fleming. Much in the same way, and from the same 
cause, the battle for centuries kuown by no other 
designation than that of "Hastings" has obtained for 
"itself the name of "Senlae," on the authority alone of 
this historian, notwithstanding that, with all due regard 
to his average reliability, he has grossly erred in making 
the said Countess to survive her husband, and in ascribing 
the earldom bestowed ou the latter as the gift of the 
Conqueror. 

The craze, again, of a few others, (if we may use the 
term), in deducing her descent from every improbable 
and far*fetched source, baa taken such firm hold of 



" » •' 






• I 



ii-^T y.i'^^'-i-^^ "iziT. ^iz^ tim izs^ate researcli in 
_:- ^^-i- ^.-r^rz i. izi -r-J- f3is±:§ evidences by 
« ::- -.— r: :: ' -rrr^.n.z n: iZ. ^rsc: charters and 
:^i*r--.r*r- .: -r"Vr* -TT^crj — -frr ^e list ^ven by 
-. ..--": : r:z.*T-urb ncp* "iaz are necessary for 
•i ^.. -^i-.r' — 'X:-rr rc^*z ?cec!£2 zi^ntion of her 
o -> ^ :n j>7'j^^z:::ri= ^^JSccay.T be expected,* 
-^ . .. > :-.-■ : ^T.cs^^ :cs:ir^ for all future 
» •:.- % ztt .-r-re-'T. Ji rur:. :o disperse the 
:.: . r-r :•= 7^.i5cn'":g 'JT'iich havo been 
. - . -■■:'. — T= T-H ::.:u saj purposely, but 
..• i.l iT^ :ncre rr Inrss anxious to 
v: , s. -. . : — V :rr. rv: rh'o=!i: writers, to be 
:\>v. ; ...,:. .::-=>.rarj:-r:7 issert :hat Gundreda 

■ uu* V. : .:•-,:• -: ^'litn iLirZca's blood in her 

W ,» \» i-^, ::"'''^ ::r'v-ir»i scce'whac in support of 
iMi* .M%'r \ v%s* i>*,>.ii;* "^aiin? jdc^ti in a former volume 
oi i*'o " ^*.;:vM. \ Avl:ac'.ico-*al CcZeccions,"^ before ap- 

!♦■ »i 't^'i '.'lA^.;*' xvi :Vr 3 I'lcciccr to maintain that we 
l«ii\o ^'.u.iM'siw' .>o :ru:.! ."i :I::i Princess's parentage, 
\«ii \\liu-h i?M-.'\ v'k*-* or a,:i.::y azd intelligence are still 
Jis:i.vM\r*! ^lv*;•.!••vv•: "vTy :-j:\:Tvrce, however strong, is 
in»i :i 1 v'i*»u*I'.;>i*\c Jii J/rtvc ev:d;:nc^— Still we believe, 
iiimI iiirttiy \*t:\*?-x ;i"v 0: ovi-icE, that we have gone fieur 
li» ivfutii so T?',i:v-' ot :: as rv:Vrs :o her/nf^<mee/relation- 

\Vliou OmUtk-us V::ii;:s as;?tTts her to have been 
•• pislrr to lihcrlvd." wo 5::;1 b<:lieve that he intended us 

• 1 1 nt'iiiil fi|*|'i'nr. *ir*v t!'o .iW'tv wxj wrv.it-c. ttas macj of the eftrlj chaalen 
i.f l.cni'M Tiii'iT i-r iJio ivi^r* .i" llcvrv I.. >uih*?c. and Uenrj 11^ Ac, are now 
Hi Mil. Iliri'itl IHliiT. ItrtTif*: AX viv :::•.«.' fcr=:tfu j.iin of the Chapter Hooae 
ff.Mi.iMM.rili III Wpu(iiiium|«-i'. ri-.ivo v'rc:r.ii viocuoicnid are doabilesa among those 
Iff f.hii li |iii|iiliili« ipirm. mill tluMr ^»nr.r.acion 19 bving andertaken as to whether 
Ml*./ Miff.iv niir liuM I'll liiiiuinxin« Lvntrvroru'd deeceoc. fS. Athenenm. Noi 

•* 'lir*. fii.'l 'riiMiii i.r St. An^olm/' bv Martin Rcle. M.A., ISS2; " Parentage of 
f«»i«M OMi.ihrilii," |,v K. C. WnioK (" Academy," Ni\30e, 1879). 
^trurinum i.n Mm l*uroii(nf^a« of Gundreda," ic. ; *' Snssex Archaeological 
»•*,*' XXVMI.i "(NiiiilKTlnnd and WcBtmorcland Antiquarian I^ranaac* 
., H2\ ^f. : " Athcnnjum," No. 2G47, July, 1878. 



PABENTAGB OF TTIE COUNTESS GUWDBEDA. 5 

I understand that she was his fosier-smter, and in no 
way disposed to deny her relationship to the Conqueror 
and Matilda. We now see further cause to entertain 
this opinion. If the passage, in which the assertion is 
made, and nowhei'e else repeated, be attentively weighed, 
a very material point will appear to have escaped notice, 
going far (we consider) to establish the belief that the 
near relaiionfltip of Gundreda to the Conqueror was 
present in the writer's mind at the time he couples her 
name with that of Gherbod. The passage is made up of 
King William's oicn family and belongings. 

In the sentence "immediately preceding" the mention 
of Gherbod, Ordericus bi-ings forward the name of the 
Conqueror's owji niece (Judith), and in that " immediately 
following" he refers to Adelaide, the sister of the same 
King, and lest f,ister should in this case be misinter- 
preted, he adds, daugJder of the same father, Duke 
Robert.* The manifest inference to be drawn (in our 
mind) from these entries, and the joint enumeration 
of so many of the Ducal (and Royal) fnmily, or relation 
in which thoy stood to the King, is, that Ordericus 
naturally classed them together as members of the 
same Bouse, and for the following, if for no other 
reason. Were in these days a writer to quote two or 
more members of our English Royal Family, he would 
assuredly not interpose or associate with them the name 
of a Homewbat obscure subject of the reigning Sovereign, 
unless that subject had been elevated to a very much 
higher position by marriage or other connection. In this 
instance Gherbod had some time before been made Earl 
of Chester, a rank evidently acquired solely in virtue of 
his being Gundreda's foster-brother. 

The passage in Ordericus runs thus : — " To the Count 
Galliive like ISaxon Earl Waltheof], son of lEart] Sivard, 
the most influential and powerful of the English, the 
[ gave in marriage idlh /its niece Judith the county 
torthampton, and this he did chiefly with a view to 

* See note hllowiag on Odo de Chunpagiu (b). 



6 SUPFLEMENTABY OBSBBVATIONS ON THE 

gain him over to his interest ; and William do Warenne. 
who had married Gundreda, the [foster-'] sister of Gber- 
bod, received the county of Surrey. Odo, Count of 
Champagne, nephew of Count Theobald IIL, who had 
married the King's sister (i.e.), daughter of the Duke of 
Normandy (their common father) , obtained the county 
[tern'tory or isle] of Holderness." * 

The position which the Countess Gundreda holds in 
this paragraph, is that, we maintain, which was due to 
her birth alone, let Ordericus be right or wrong in 
naming her \J^ foster] sister to Gherbod." It may, how- 
ever, be reasonably urged with equal probability, that, 
on account of his many shortcomings, he was in error in 
so doing, for no other authority whatever can be found 
to corroborate the statement, neither does he himself 
repeat it, in alluding to her afterwards as Countess of 
Warenne, or, in short, in any other part of his Ecclesias- 
tical History. Independent of the errors of Ordericus, 
already pointed out at p. 3, we may draw attention to the 
Biographic Universelle for his want of trustworthiness, 
and to the preliminary matter of Guizot's Frencb trans- 
lation of his Chronicle. Under any circumstances the 
testimony of historians is as nothing in comparison with 
original documentary evidence. 

In the Lords' Committee, for instance, on the dignity 

* Bex GnillclmnB Gualleyo comiti, filio Sivardi, poteniiMimo Anglomm, oomi* 
talnm Northamtoniie dcdit, oiquo Jadith nepi^m suam (*), Qt firma inter eot 
amicitia pcrdnrarot, in matrinionio conjiinzit, qua), Ac . . . et Gnillelmo de 
Guaronna, qui Gundredam sororeni Cfherhodi conjngem habebat» dedit Bnrre- 
giam. Odoui Toro Campaneusi (}*), nepoti Theobald! comit]*8» qui sororem hahehai 
ejusdem retjis, filiam Bcilicct Koberti ducis, dodit idem oomitatum Hildemesw 
(Ord. Vit-.y pars, ii., lib. iy., 332). 

(a) She was daughter of the Countess of Albemarle, the Conqaeror'8 flister 
by the half-blood. 

Qi) Odo de Champagne, was the son of Stephen II., Comit of Champagne. On- 
his father's death, being under age, ho was dispossessed of his inheritanoe bj 
Theobald III., Count of Chartres, and in 1050 sought refuge at the oonrt of 
his kinsman (cousin), William, Duke of Normandy, following him into England 
in 1066. According to Bouquet (lib. iv., 687), the Conqueror gave him his vterine^ 
mtcVf the danghter, namely, of Herluin de ConteTille and Herleve [Harlott or 
Arlot], not as Orderic Vital statcp, the sister of the whole-blood, the daughter of 
Duke Uobcrt of Normandy ; [cui Guillclmus 'uterinam sororem Adelaidem, filiam 
nempe Herluini de Contavilla et Hurlcto), Guillelmi ipsius matris, in matrimonio 
dedit] (Dom Bouquet, lib. iv., p. 687). 



PARENTAOB OP THE C0UNTES8 OUNDREDA. 7 

Peer [re Arundel title and peerage], having 
under consideration the case of Rofjer do Montgomeri, 
Charters and Recordi were unhesitatingly held to be 
paramount to Chronicles and Historians, the mode 
nud style of " Comes Rogerius," in his signature to 
Battle Abbey Foundation Charter, as "de Munfcgum'," 
being insisted on, as conclusive against the contention 
upheld by some historians, that he was " Comes de 
Arundel.' So, in like manner, without adducing similar 
oxaniples, the extracts by Dugdale and other Heralds 
from Lewes Priory charters ought necessarily to 
override the '* unconfirmed " statement of Ordericus. 
And here it may be mentioned as noteworthy, and quite 
inexplicable, save on the score of oversight, that of all 
people Dugdale, in his Baronage, should be found to 
adopt Ordericus's version of " Soror Qherbodi," when at 
the same time ho actually gives a reference in the margin, 
and over leaf gives another reference in the margin to his 
own (and Dodsworth's) Monastieon, published many 
yeara before, which quite upset it.'* 

But a still further illustration may bo added in support 
of Gundreda's descent. 

In the well-known controversy between Brooke and 
Camden, regarding William de Wareuns and his wife, 
the former held that the " Rex," who had made W. de 
Warenne, Earl of Surrey, was the Conqueror, whereas 
Camden maintained that it was his son "William Rufus. 
The argument of Brooke was, that the words "pro 
salute" in the Foundation Charter of Lewes Priory, 
showed that the Conqueror was still alive, for had he 
been dead, the wording would have been " animd," over- 
looking, however, the fact that the title of " Res " was 
given to Rufus in the same sentence.^ Nevertheless in 

* Bee account of Diigdate'a Barnn&g:e ia Muule, wilb scoonat of Antbon; a 
WoiHl't KmttB and CorriKeDda in B'M, Btxll. 

' ItmKj l« of iiiteroBt to quote tlio entiro 
mado b; Aibmolo, the word "Bnimn" occ 
thui— 

■o do IiewBB. 

na de Wareiuut 



8 SUPFLEMEKTABT OBSERVATIONS ON THB 

that controversy neitber of those Heralds quesfcioned 
Oundreda's parentage in the remotest degree, and in 
Brooke's Catalogue she is named in the list of the 
Conqueror's issue. It was left to a future age to form 
the wild supposition of Queen Matilda having had a 
child born out of wedlock, or even by a fonner 
marriage ! 

So far, therefore, the preceding adds materially to 
strengthen the theory we have elsewhere adduced,^ and 
throws additional light on the passage in Ordericus. 

We now turn to a totally different view of the subject, 
or obverse of the medal. 

To show how opinions may differ on the question of 
Gundreda and her descent, two recent writers^ have 
boldly denied to her (as already stated) any place what- 
ever in the Royal Family of England. Both endeavour 
to show, arguing from different premises, that she bore 
no relationship either to the Conqueror, or to his Queen 
Matilda. 

Without entering at any length into the questions of 
a£Snity and consanguinity as prohibitions to marriage, 
or matters — we may almost say quibbles-destined to 
lead one away from the investigation of historic truth, 
for, as regards the former, whenever existing, a dispensa- 
tion from the Pope could (and did) at any time rectify, 
we will endeavour to disprove (if possible) the fallacious 
reasoning of this, and some of the latest theories, as far 
as they have come to our knowledge, in disproof of the 
parentage in question. 

The first who appears to have thrown any doubt on 

ot Gandreda uxor mea, ot pro ealute animso mesB, et animsd nxoris meas efe pto 
anini& domini mei WilVmi Regis, qui me in Anglicam terram addiixit, efe per 
cnjuB liocntiam monachos venire feci, et qai meam priorem donationem oonfirmATit^ 
ot pro Ralnte domiiiaB meto Matildis Regina), matris uxoris mece, et pro salute domini 
nici Will'mi Regis filii sui, post enjus adventom in Anglicam terram hanc cartam 
foci,et qui me Comitem SurrcgioB fecit, et pro salute omnium heredom meoranii do 
et conoedo, etc." (Ash. MS. 844, fo. 34 ; Bibl. Bodl.) 

■ " Observations on tbo Parentage of Gundreda/' &o. (" Sussex Arohaeolo|fiaal 
CollcctionB/' XXVIII. ; *' Cumberland and Westmoreland Antiquarian Tiansao- 
tions/' iii., 321 sq. ; *' AthenoDum," No. 2,617, July, 1878.) 

9 '* Life and Times of iSt. Anselm,'* by Martin Rule, M.A., 1882 ; " Parentage of 
the Countess Gundreda," by C. E. Waters (" Academy ,'» No. 368, 1879). 



PARESTAfiB OF TKB OOUNTKSS GtJKDUEDA. 

Gundroda's descent from Matilda and the Conqueror 
was the late Mr, Stapleton, in a paper in the " Archaeo- 
logical Journal" (iii., p. 20 seq.), the illogical reasoning 
of which was first entirely made raanifeat by the late Mr. 
Blaauw (" Archaeologia," xxsii., 108). Without naming 
others who have followed in the same track, the writer 
of an article in No. 368 of the "Academy" (1879), 
Mrishes us to believe, and undertakes to show according 
to his own view, that the Countess Gundreda was not 
Queen Matilda's daughter by any marriage, and that 
her descent from the reigning families of Flanders and 
England must be henceforth looked upon aa a " discarded 
fable." 

The assertion, also, by the author of the " Life of St. 
Anselra " (i., 421) that the Countess G-undreda " had not 
a drop of Matilda's blood in her veins," is as startling as 
anfounded, if any regard is to be attached to historic 
evidence. The theory of this writer is, that Gundreda 
was the sister of one Richard Guet, a person who became 
a monk of Bermondsey. Such an hypothesis cannot be 
maintained for a moment, as we shall satisfactorily 
domonatrate, or even in the face of what Ordericus 
asserts, that she was the sister of Gherbod," (not even 
made out in tliis case as a half-brother, but a totally 
different man). 

One of the chief arguments in disproof of Gundreda's 
parentage adduced by the writer in the " Academy " 
(No. 308, 1 879), rests on the old assertion that the words 
*'jilt(E meiv" in thu Conqueror's charter, giving to the 
monks of St. Pancras the manor of Walton in Norfolk, 
aro an interpolation. A minute inspection of this faded 
and obliterated charter, warrants no such imputation. 
The words "filiw mecB " are interlined (in a hand of the 
16th century)," in explanation of words which were 
originally written, and which have disappeared from 
deoay. Such was the opinion of some of the highest 



njibf apoake tor iUelt. 



A nuxioni hwiil," Thia ii 



10 -rFPr.EXENTART OBSESTATIOSS ON THB 

authorities afr^rr repeated examination of this document 
some years a^o f' Archaeologia," xsxii., 117). 

:>ince :::e plea of " niterpolation^^^ however, was first 
prop»3undeJ in respect of this charter, another theory 
has been started. The same writer now accuses the 
monks of Lewes of having forged the Confirmation 
deed of their founder (" Arch. Journal," No. 163, 
1SS4). This assertion is satisfactorily answered in the 
stHjuel. 

To say the least, as regards interpolation, if the 
doctrine be once admitted that words or passages in 
any instrument can be styled as interpolated, which 
it may be convenient to get rid of, there must be an 
end to all history and to all tradition, sacred or pro- 
raue. 

Tho arjxu meats held by the author of " St. Anselm's 

liile" in disproof of Giindreda's parentage, appear to 

W \ Inverold.*- First, that the words ^^filia " and " mater^* 

\\\ \\\i} l-onqiieror's and William de Warenne's charters, 

Tor ho docs not go upon the ground of any interpolation 

in* lorgory, to impugn their authenticity — signify respec- 

tiv«»ly '* f/o(f-(hiifj/it€r" and '' god-mother^* ("Life of St 

AnHi'lin/' iv., 420; "Academy," April 9th, 1883); 

Ftncondly, that sIjo was the ^/^fer of Richard Guet (as just 

obHrrved), quoting the "Chronicle of Bermondsey" in 

proof of it; and thirdly, that St. Anselm, the Archbishop 

of (Jantorbury, had interdicted a projected marriage be- 

iv/fu^u lior son (William de Warenne IL) and a daughter 

of lUmvy 1. 071 the score of consanguinity. 

Now, tljo absolute improbability of the first of these 
^•ippo.siti(Tns is sclf-ovident, and cannot be maintained, 

^ * ' ?-* .i it nmy \fo nrpo«l " (flnvH the writer) ••that, after all, the first Earl 

'f. ;^ the Ciuiiiiii r«ir'n (^hiivn * mat or n.ro.i*Me.r;* and the Conqueror ia at 

* • : •= ■' ^^-^TT" \ To liavo wnii.Mi «if (Jiimlivihi j»h • fiiia Wft?."* 

^.,.." ';' ' ■' ^"- <•'»«» itflji uuH .M:iiil,l:,% ^'..lohiM. rnicr, mater, filias, filia, 

.„. . ."•'•" ■•; : <■ ->'5"iM ,.f .:o.i-;»;u. : * .'uiil jroil-cliililn'u. Nothing was 

•-•:•■ t' St. .\i:s.^ni;" i.. rj«o. 

• ■ ■■ ■ ■ • - - . 

. : — 

\.if\..\.''j"''^^*'-' *'''^>'*' ^'^ "»«n' '•«'«* \xho, ihon, wa5 Gnodreda, I wonld 
/ . ' ,"■-'.' " '% !n«Mi:o ;n tl;o • Kocistrum do IWmondesoie * (Uarl. 
* "■■ '• -•" *— ^ ii.ciuius tiuot ivAWr ivmiiissw? Warone/ " ic, Ac 



TABENTAGB OP THE COUNTESS GCNDBEDA. 11 

if language has any meaning, for, nnliko " Soror," as 
foster-sinter, (tlie interprotatioii first adopted by our- 
selres, for wliicli tliero are good and " derivative " 
grounds),'* the words " commater," and "fiVtohi," have 
uniformly been used in strict and legal phraseology to 
designate " god-mother " and " god-daughter," from a 
time long antecedent and subsequent to that of which 
we are treating, as the quotations below aufficiently 
demonstrate, and cannot be similarly treated.'* Even 
admitting, for the sake of argument, that in common 
parlance their occasional use "might" be found, they 
were decidedly never so employed in any legal instru- 
ment or charter, particularly in such an important docu- 
nient, as, in this caee, the Conqueror's charter. But the 
two last statements of this writer are diametrically 
opposed, and only tend to confirm the case in favour of 
Gundreda being Queen Matilda's daughter. As the 
sister of Richard Guet, (had such been the fact), there 
would hayo been no relationship whatever, or any cause 
for interdicting a marriage between the two parties, 

• ■ '-nt on tlio PsJreiit»gi} oF Onndreda," &0- i (" Snsbev Arclineologioal 
■. \ in,). We are aiider tha improMion Ihat we oaneVietanticiialai 
' ':■■ " IXta of St, Ansalni " in the dlBCorerj of the " koj to tlie io- 
. ,' of wbicli lie ['■ Auailwiij," April fltL, 1»83] olftima tliB prmUt, in 
our ;>uiii.iiliir iir<p1iDali(>ii of it to " foBter-parenUge." Tbe lulnplotiou of the 
UuKirj to -' liii{itUma1.sarBtiea " ouiuof bo mnlntuiueJ, for '• StiTof" in a aulitar^ 
E>, aii<l, jierliapBi tha only ivnrd in the whole vocabutarj irhich admiu of 



I* Aatfaocitio* in aapport of '■ Commater " j — 

" Nnltui |>nBBiinint tomiaiUrem lumn diie«re [in] Dxorem " (Lex Lon^bard, lib. 
S, lit, S, B. I>). " N<iii potoro te habere cxinjagem, oum eammalria aiiepta sIb nomon " 
(CapiL Cwvli. Mkg. I. G, O. 100; I, 0, c. 810; Aiinuiniu 1. 3, Hist. Franc, o. <>). 
" Domina moB, n Qlin baptitata romrnalsr tan fffeotn eit " (Andreiu Silrina in 
Chro»ioi> Uu-nlaneiiai ( V. Coaail, Roid., iab Qn-Korio II. PP. cun. i; Petraiu 
Damiui, lib. a, Epigt. 16). "' Elizabetha Dnket commatsr EJgBifem Ricardi Dnkot " 
(ITobntioetnti* 11 UcB. vm., *.o. 1519); V. Imi. p. ni, V, T. No. 20, U Hen, VIII. 
(Do Oao^jo in loool. 

T!nwL>f..f ■' Fii/oln^' (rtud FiliolaB)are: — 

" Ir. . ..iil.j et filinlrB metB VIb. Vrnrt." (TfiBtam. Johannii Eo- 

nnw.! AriKlioftQ. Madoi. p. ««). " PilioTiiB aat jUlola apiri. 

tnali> ' ' AithoniB Kpiampi Bnait, c. II), " (jaomodo Amoldaa 

BaM- .iiiitiiSBanEUtradiB, ct filii ejna Sifridiet Ardolphi; et 

qnijin' .: film m fiiMixjium ^i.o., danam qaod/iwifoa lU^cfptore 

ptMil iii.nrtnB ArdousiBi Diimngo in lo«o), ■' Crodenn, Koi 

dBt'i- "li Bckib" (Hunt, pa, 3SI i SpeloiDn.) 

^ \\\ I : .aid ooiiferrad the tnaaoc of CliGBhunt on Juhn do l{Dr- 



A — T - - .1. - - _ 






-- T. 7«rijL_^_^. .:.>zi inry? ox the 

••"1-5- ^-. JiiLJ-rJn 5 .rz-r.-z^ .s ?:r.ri^Te proof that such 
* =irru^f -r:/? .. !Tz.:T^-:"-in.:c. r<:: above all it proves 

lir.:- 71 -s-ii^h each stood to the 

" i-'ir^ii's iss^e en the one hand, 

: ^--r i^^euy is^cJzTzz'zy^T on the other. It is 
.-inireii."* >:z. '^ illii^.-i-e Warenne IL, until 
:: ":i-f :er- -"i-f C:^:-6Tx:.r's and Matilda's 
rri-ij-jr. -^:zlL JLL-f ":ef- ir^: cousin to Henry's 
Ci-^itfT. A- 1 ^7^^-^ — — ^ ^rrizion ancestor. But, 
:: «.T^-:.r:f*iA ":T*f * :: 5:5:cr :■: zisz King, they were no 
rt..\:::i:5 -^i.-.tf^rr : ^: ::>£•: .if"-T the relationship en- 
dfaT:—^..: :.; \>: :^:rfi :t :"i::$<e -a-ho aver that she was 
nc: M.i::'-ii.'5 l^jL^iifr, is -'.:v :\1\! confirmed by St. 
Anstlni's 'r::c7. azi :if very aurhcriry cited as an argu- 
men: a^.^:z.?: ::• tr-is iuzirirl^allr ia the opposite way, 
to s-^bsta::::^:^ ::. 

The ecnsci-r'-i-itj ixis::^^ between Gundreda's son and 
Henry I/s dau^r:er, referred to that which already had 
existed between :he Con.y-ercr and Matilda, in their com« 
men ancestcr Di:ke Rcl'.o. or very likely to some other 
source of coi:sa-c:::T:::y ^fi.'f '^ziirir. As we understand it, 
William the Conqueror was in the fifth degree of descent 
from Duke Rollo. and Matilda was in a further degree 
from the same, through Adela, the wife of her great- 
grandfather, Huixh Capet. Other modes of tracing up to 
a common ancestor may have been shown, but the aboye, 
we think, suffices, inasmuch as the consangninHtf, upon 
which the whole question hinges, is proved by St. An- 
selm's letter. As for the precise number of grades of 

>* St. Anaelm's letter (" S. Anselmi Epist.." ir^ SI) rnna thna: — 
** Henrico charissimo sao ilouiiuo. Dei gratia regi Anglormn, AnBelmiu archie- 
piflCopUB fidele Bcrvitium cum orat iouibus. 

" GratiaH ago Duo pro boiia vol un late qnam vobis dedit, et yobis qui earn MF- 
Taro Btadetis. Quxrit consilium ceUitudo voBira quid sibi faciendam sit de lido» 
cjuia pacta est filiam Buam dare Gnillclmo dc Vvarenne, ciim ipae et filia Twum 
vx una parte Bint cognati in quarta gcnorationc, ct ex alter& in 8ext4. Sot* 
t<»to abBquo dubio quia nullum pactum ecrvari debet contra legem ChriBtiani- 
tutiK. Illi autciii, Hi ita propinqui Bont, nullo modo Icgitimd copnlari pcuanti 
ii<'(|ii(!t niiu) (lurnnuiiono animarum suanmi, ncquo bine uiagno peccato eonim, qui 
hiH' lit fiul priHjnnibunt. — Precor igitur ct consulo vobir», ex parte Dei, sicat 
rhiirihHiino domino, ut nullatcnus voB buic |)eccato miBceatia, neque filiam Teatram 
I'idoiii Ciuillolmo contra legem et yoluntatem Dei tradatia. Omnipotena DenB 
-irigat vos vt omucH octuB YUBtroe in beneplacito suo/' 



PAJtENTAOE OF THE COUNTESS OUSDEEDA. 13 

aoent, on whicli so much stress is laid, whether in the 
fourth or fifth degree, we hold it to be of no primary 
coDSequonce in respect of the main argument. Tho re- 
lationship, so emphatically denied to Gundreda, is thus 
thoroughlij estahlished. Perhaps St. Anselm himself rather 
qualifies his own assertion as to the degrees of descent, 
when he says "si tta propinqui sunt." The canonical 
consanguinity, whatever may have been its degree, 
which we know William and Matilda violated, would 
have extended to a further generation, for the Council 
of Rouen in 1072 decreed: — "Si infra sepdmam genera- 

tionem alt'qua consanguinitas inventa fuerit 

Don conjungantur." William o£ Malmesbury, also, 
states the same (lib. 1 de Gestis Pontificum Anglorum) 
" ex alterultril parte," so that the question of relation- 
ship, whilst sufficing to prove who Gundreda was not, 
viz., the sister of Richard Guet, affords direct evidence, 
on the score of the interdicted consanguinity, of her 
being the Conqueror's and Matilda's daughter. 

The assertion, in fact, that this person was her brother, 
is utterly fallacious. It is made on the strength of an 
entry in tho " Chronicle of Bermondsey," '" quoting the 
temporalities of tho Priory, which reads thus : — 

" A.D. 1 098. Hoc anno Ricardus Guet frater GomitisstB 
Warene dedit manerium de Gowyk monachis deBermon- 
deseie." 

Now, if reference is here made to any Countess of 
Warenne, it was assuredly not made to Gundreda, and 
further on it will be seen, that the Liber Elieosis is 
quoted by one of the aforesaid writers to prove a second 
Countess of Warenne. 

Manning, the Historian of Surrey, in quoting the gift 
of Uowick in Essex {hodie Quickbury) by Richard Guet 
to tho monks of Bermondsey in 1098, justly observes, in 
reference to the then contemporary Countess of Warenne 
— having in his mind the wife of William de Warenne 

'' Aoimlea Ati1»Liic S. SolraUiriB do Bermonrleseiei ab BTina D'ui 10t2 — nsq. ad. 
D.li33; Jlurl. M8., 231. C 7fte™ ajjprar* fo ican tffwrin r»ip*rt </ 10i3, ioinj 
' 1 \,tf0Te theAbtnv ««» /cuddedrfU-iln 1082).] 



14 SUPPLEMENTARY OBSERVATIONS ON THE 

n.— that ''she had no brother'' (i., 189, "Hist, of 
Surrey"). But we know that Gundreda, as the Con- 
queror's daughter, had several, and that she had been 
dead thirteen years when the gift was recorded — she died 
at Castle Acre in 1085. This palpable error in the 
" Chronicle of Bermondsey " is made manifest by one 
of the fraternity of that very house, William de Preston, 
who arranged the Book of its Charters in 1363.^^ He 
clearly shows that no Countess of Warenne was sister 
to any Richard Guet, but on the contrary that she 
was his " Lady^' under whom he held. Manning states 
that the estate, under which Guet held, was of her 
(the Countess of Warenne' s) inheritance. It was held, 
Bays he " by the service of one knight's fee of the family 
of Warenne and their descendants, as of their manor of 
Ovesham in Matching, to the Lord of which it paid 100s. 
upon the death of every Abbot " (Cf. " Morant's Essex," 
ii., 500; Inquis. 4, 26 Edw. III.; 9 Rich. II.; 4 Hen. 
v.; 4 Hen. VL; " Newc. Repertorium," ii., 513). The 
Historian of Surrey further observes (i., 205) that 
Richard Guet — whose name appears also as Goet and 
Goel — who gave the manor to the House of Bermondsey, 
professed a monk there at the same time (Chartul. Berm. 

MS.). 

But another consideration appears to present itself. 
Might not the genealogical confusion into which writers 
seem to have drifted in respect of the name of Guet, 
strengthened by the erroneous inference deduced from 
the Bermondsey Chronicle with regard to Gundreda, be 
traced to the family connection which manifestly did 
exist between a daughter of Henry I., by one of bis 
concubines, and the family of Warenne, which wo have 
on the authority of Jumi^ge? This Chronicler states, 
that the fourth daughter of the King married William 
Goel {do). (*' Gemeticensis," 1., 8, c. 29.) Without 

'7 Liber cartarnm &o per fratrem Willielmum de Preston editam et ordinatam 
A.D. 1363, tempore ven. et relig viri dom, Joan de Caroloco, tunc dictae domoa 
prioriSy olim penes, Bob. Trappis de London. Ezcerpta ex boo libro, Chuidiiis 
Cotton. Libr.y A. Tiii, I4i Ac, &c. [Cf. Tanner's Notitiie.j 



PABENTAOB OF THE COUNTESS OCNDREDA. 15 

^ ag tbe authority, tlie "Annals of England" state 
the same tiling, styling him, however, "Goet" (Giiet). 

It is unnecessary, we think, to dwell further on the 
worthless theory of Richard Guet as brother to the 
Countess Gundreda. That wild supposition is quite set at 
rest', as far as ahe is concerned, by an entry in the Liber 
Elieosis (ii.,c. 119). It is quoted by the aforesaid writer 
in tbe "Academy" to prore that William de Warenne, 
the 1" Earl of Surrey, married a second wife. Whether 
founded or unfounded, the entry quoted by Planchfi '* is 
brought up again in the "Academy " (of 7"' April, 1883), 
tho writer, in repeating which, affirms (without, how- 
ever, giving the authority) that tho 2'' Countess'" was a 
daughter of a William Gouet de Montmirail, a person dis- 
covered, in like manner with Gherbod, in Ordericus's 
Chronicle only. The statement (if a fact) would seem 
to coincide and harmonize very couvenieutly with the 
above "brothering" theory, leaving it open to imagine 
the possibility of Guet being brother to the Countess of 
Warenne of the Bermondsey Chronicle. There appears, 
nevertlieleas, every possible reason to doubt the authen- 
ticity of the passage in the Ely Register.^" The dis- 

'• "Tbe Conqueror anil hU Compttnions,'* i., p. 13(!. 

•• Qundirdn U (iBIrmed by HumB nOTBr Lo have been a Oounleaa. Againit 
tliia wmrtioD it may bo Rtiil tL&t afao is onlled Cnmilissa in tbe Charta- 
\uy ol Lcxea Prior;, altboDj-b a\u> died before her basbniid nns created 
U Bn^l^h ErtI, and WnlaoD, in ' bia " IIoDse at Warren " (i., 6), ^aA 
Dnfdale (" Bannwge," i., 73), both abow that W. de W., ber huBbaiid, waa 
Sari Watreu in Xonnnniljr before bia arriral in England. The latter qaolea an old 
USl, in liie Elcrnlda' Office, from wbieb it appears that Gualter de Saucto Martins 
mu th« [alber ot Comte do WarcDne, who wna the rather of WilliBin, lat Earl 
of VTamni and Snfey. Furthermore, on a writ ot "Qno Wnniknto," about 
7 Bdw. I., John. Karl of Wnm-n and Surrey, pleaded that his anoeatora were Earta 
of Warren iu Normandy, and that they were diaaeixed of tbeir landa there from 
adlioritigf to tbe Kinga of Kniclaud, againat those of France. Bat tbe rank of 
IfonnaD Count ia manifeat, from Domesday Book, in frhioh V/i\l'a de Warenne ie 
■poken of as " Comes" under Burgas de Lewea ; " Qiniii" " CmiiiCis," " WiU's ils 
Wtrvne,'' and " Will'f " oil ToforHag to bim. 

liiutty, till- charter of William de Warenne in Che Leirea Re^iater, gives him the 
aanio ilile:— " Wiirt Conni* H'artne." 

All tUitnf cited coaca show that durios his whole life he bad ranked aa a CounI, 
and rmtc yri-rf to big crealion as uu English Earl, on honoar which, he anrrired 
but a rery abort time. 

»• Ooplale. yba B|>i>cars to have Iw-en Iha /fr«( U) notioo tbia ptuuge in tho Ely 
Bepstar, qiiilo rnpodiatea it. Ho obsBrrea : — " If tbe first iwrt of lliis story, 
Btha Abbutt'a heviug that noise [tie., tin trici p/ WiUiam de tfarvnuf, ox 



16 SXTPPLEMBNTAEY OBSERVATIONS ON THE 

oovery of another Countess of Warenne, so soon after 
Gundreda's death in child-birth, in May, 1085, and so 
shortly preceding the death of W. de Warenne himself 
in 1088, requires special confirmation ; especially when 
we know that dying on the 23rd of June in that year, 
having been only created, by William Bufus, Earl 
of Surrey in the preceding year, viz., 1087, he was in- 
terred in the Church of St. Pancras at Lewes Priory, 
side by side with Gundreda ; whilst the epitaph, accord- 
ing to the Register of the Priory, would not seem to 
imply that he had married a second wife : — " Of your 
oharitye praye for the sowles of William de Warrenne 
and Gundrada his wife ; " a belief quite entertained by 
Dugdale. Different entries, so far from alluding to two 
wives, point expressly to one only.^^ 

From no point of view, however, can the question of 
Gundreda's parentage be freed from the mystery, which 
is made to surround it — in the absence of further testi- 
mony, such as the Chartulary of Clugni might afford — 
save by a rigid adherence to unrefuted, and (except by 
a few) undisputed evidences. 

The first of these, in order of importance, is the well- 
known Charter of the Conqueror, giving to the monks of 
St. Pancras the manor of Walton in Norfolk. It is in- 
contestably clear, and sufficient to silence any doubt on 
the subject. He gives it — " pro anim^ domini et ances- 
soris mei Regis Edward i . . . . et pro anim^ Gulielmi 
de Warenna, et uxoris su89 Gundreda9^/ia? meas^ et here- 
dum suorum " (*' Intro. Domesd.," i., 607).^ 

The next is the Foundation Charter of Lewes Priory, 
which expressly states Gundreda (its co-foundress) to 
have been the Queens daughter. William de Warenne, 

being carried away by the Devil a/ter his deaths] be no truer than the last, that his 
* ladi/ ' sent them [the Monk$ of Ely'] one hundred shillings, I shall deem it to be a 
mere fiction, in regard the lady [i.e., Qundreda] was certainly dead about three 
years before." 

** Iste (William de Warren) jacet in capello Lewonsi juxta d*nam Gundredam 
comitiitam suam, et filiam predict! Regis Conquestoris [Ash. MS. 844, f. 32]. 

'^ Domina Gundreda, filia Conquestoris, et uxor Will' mi piimi, y\ partus orociata 
apud Castelacre, obiit. 6 Kal. Jnnii, Anno Gratias 1085, anno 3 ante virum Baum, 
jacetqne sepulta in capitulo Lewensi cum conjuge suo. — (Ashmole.) 



PABESTAOE OF THE COUNTESS OnKDREDA. 



17 



founded that House in conjunction with Gundreda — 
'ginal deed of gift being with the raother-community 
^^ iagui — enters, in his second charter, with the greatest 
poasibte minuteness and detail iuto their reasons for so 
doing, and in a way which no other charter can equal.^ 
He unquestionably proves Queen Matilda to have been 
hit wife's mother. The words can be taken in no other 
aeose. They are — "pro salute dominie mess Matildis 
Reginaa main's uxort's viecn" ^ 

Again, in the Register of the Priory, are words to 
tho same effect : — " Iste (William do Waronne), primo 
uon Tocabatur nisi solumraodo Willelmus de Warenna, 
poetea vero processu temporis a Willelmo Rufo, filio 
Regis et Conqueatoris Anglia), ciijus fiUam desponsavif, 
plurimum honoratus est"^ (Cf. "Watson's Memoirs of 
the House of Warren," i., 36 ; Ashmolean MS. 844, 
fo. 32). 

A further instance we have in another evidence of that 
House (Mon. v., 14). Among the original benefactors of 
the Priory of Lewes, Gundreda is named conjointly with 
her brother, Henry I. of England : — " In Norfolcia (with 
other possessions) Karletuna, quam dedit Matildis regina, 
mater Henrici lie-jis et Gundredcn Comitissw [Ex Libro 
Computorum, olim Prioratui de Lewes spectaute] (Dug- 
dale). 

Independent of the positive and affirmative state- 
ments of these records, nothing, perhaps, proves the 
thorough fallacy of the hypothesis under consideration 
more than the wording of the Epitaph on Gundreda's 
! coeval tomb at Lewes, still in perfect preservation, and 

■" See now on p. 19, poil. 

** Sm fvuc iLote, p. 9, antaa, 

** The ODtire pusage, i^nng tho date of his death and plooa of mtenneat, ntaj 
tw qaaled :— (From the BegisMr of Lewee Fricjry) " WiU'mns do Waremia, primm 
ContM Sarrv^s, et fondUor ecoieBim LowensU, diem clanlit exlremuia S Cal. 
* '" ' " ' -■•■'•" ...-■■ . - .-.^_ nndeoimo,4 Cooqaestii "" 



jolit Anno G 



B 1088, et faudstionU 



rooalmtur niai Bolammodo Will'moB de WartMiDS, posten vero 
progMQ tamporis i Will'mo Bnfo Rlio R?gia et Conqnestortg Aoglim cujiu filiam 
drtponitvil, plurimum honoratnB eat, atijne Comes Samgiio factiu et appelatas 
ed. Itle jitcet in capello LenotiHi juta d'n&m Oimdredam Comitiasam anam et 
flllUD predlcli Regis Conqnealuria. Unrarit isto Comes Utto tempore Bagia 
Vrul'mi Fiimi Conuacaioris per xx uiooa, et tempore WiU'mi Eufi Socaoili E<si« 
^'— - •■ (Aahmol. Ma., (o. 32). 



18 SUPPLEMENTARY OBSERVATIONS ON THE 

conclusive of her aflBnity to the Duhes of Normandji 
and her relationship to the Conqueror. What are we to 
understand by " Stirps Qundrada Dueum " in this 
Epitaph, save that of "issue" or "offspring;" and, 
furthermore, of what Dukes could she be the issue but of 
those of Normandy ? 

Even only lately at Lewes, during the recent meeting 
of the Archaeological Institute, a somewhat novel con- 
struction was put on this inscription, which might well 
speak for itself. Stirps Ducum was there declared to 
mean " Stirps Gomitum " (z.e., Flandriae). Now we know 
that although the Norman Duces were styled Comites, 
some undeniable authority is required for the assertion 
that the '* Comites " of Flanders were also styled 
"Duces." 

The incident, at any rate, shows how people with a 
strong bias wrest everything to suit their purpose. 

But the wording of the following passage in a letter 
to us from a friend in relation to this question, very 
much seems to sum up the whole matter: — " I think, 
says he, " that the fallacy in the opinions of later writers 
on this subject arises from the want of satisfactory 
canons of criticism ; in the absence of which they weigh 
the statements of different writers by a patent process 
of their own, and arrive at the wrong conclusion. 



Since the foregoing was partly in type, the following 
forcible reasoning has been addressed to " Notes and 
Queries," and is too important to be overlooked. The 
strongest argument hitherto adduced, in disproof of the 
new-fangled fallacy respecting the Grundreda descent, 
has been brought forward in a communication to that 
paper by Dr. Sykes (6th S. xi., April 18, 1885), and that 
it should have remained unanswered, speaks for itself. 
We allude to the first of the following paragraphs : — 

"Why," says the correspondent (Dr. Sykes), (in re- 
ference to King William's grant of Walton to the Monks 
" Lewes), " should William the Conqueror have given a 



PABESTAfJB OF THE COTTNTESS GUNDEEDA. 



r for the repose of the souls of two people so distantly 
related to him as De Warreaiie und G-undrada are stated 
by Mr. Waters to have been? Is there another example 
of the Conqueror's having bestowed a manor on the 
mon«* of any other Norraan baron as iniUferent to Jtimf 
Surely, allowing the ' filla: viefe' to be an interpolation, 
tbo grant itself speaks the same words I" 

But Dr. Sykes's observations on the further accusation 
<rf forgery set up by Mr. Waters (" Notes and Queries," 
6tb S. si., 140), are not less appropriate and confirma- 
tory: — 

*• Mr, Chester Watera, in bis pamphlet on Gundrada do 
Warrenne, charges the monks of Lewes with having forged 
the Confirmation Deed of their founder; but as the original 
grant was in the archives of the mother-abbey at Clugni,** 
surely it is not likely the monks would have been so 
stupid as to forgo a document, which, interfering as it 
did (or as Mr. Watera suggests it did) with the right of 
the motlier community, could have been easily shown to 
be a false charter by the production of the original grant. 
Even allowing the document to be forged, is not the fact 
of the tradition that Gundrada was the daughter of 
Matilda some proof that she was? Is it not probable 
that she is so stated to be in the original grant, and that 
the monks got their information on the subject from this 
source ? Certainly, too, the monks would only have put 
in their (forged) charter that which they believed to be 
true ; and the presence of a tradition in an unchanging 
community like the Priory of Lowes, even of so old date 
as three hundred years, ia (to me) strong proof of its 
verity." 

" To what extent was the Priory of Lawes independent 
of the raother-commnuity ? Was it sufficiently so to 
make the crime of forgery against the interests of the 
latter likthj ? I ask this, since the Lewes Priory was 
threatened with destruction on several occasions as an 
' alien Priory.' 

A JbH orfgiiiB,! deed of gift, Kitd ila conGrmaLion by tlie Conqneror, hara been 
'^■* ' ' ■ ,»o[)ftgOBwecti printed. They will bofuuud nmlor a iB]>iiraleai'licl8 
1 Ihi) CImrleta of the Abbey of Clniii. 



2r> nrt fustsn^ai 9 



^-. . ■■•T-' 1 r 




b^ fkit t/> CixtjTsi, if IK pr:xf <f 

hUmUst in tu4 a f^/rysry T^ 

f iocill/f M th^jmAa the qmbk^ raasd ir ■ "■^jw^ ic die 
lUsU^lHitUsru to the Vrifjrj, Dr. St' ' "^ 

(ffoof othiT than j^ramma 
thfii till) /^/! in tho ^ nook of 
1m Ihf'ni irnjgular upacing of the 
liii If it Wiiro ?'' 




CAWLET THE EEGICIDE. 

IBt the rev. FBEDERICK: H. ARNOLD, LL.B. 



aklie 28th of May, 1882, some excavations became 
' tteccsBary for laying on a water supply to the Alms- 
Louse at Chichester, founded V)y William Cawley, one 
of those who signed the death waiTant of Charles 1. 
The vault of the chape! was then opened, in which, 
according to tradition, this regicide lies buried. Happen- 
ing to be present immediately afterwards, and having 
been requested to communicate to the Society the cu-- 
cumstaoces of the re-exaraiuation^ of the remains in it, 
they may bo thus briefly stated. The chamber beneath 
the floor measured 12ft. by 7ft. and was about 5ft. ia 
depth. Within it had been interred, apparently, three 
persons only. On the right lay a skeleton having most 
of the bones, especially the larger ones, in situ. On the 
left was the skull, with a few bones only, of another. 
Some pieces of wood and the iron handles of the coffins 
which had contained these bodies were also to be seen. 
In the centre was an envelope of lead, taking the general 
outline of the recumbent form, and completely encasing 
a skeleton, the skall being so wrapped round that its 
contour was plainly apparent. There was a large hole 
in this leaden covering near where the breast had rested. 
By the light of a lantern, through this cavity some of the 
vertebra) were visible, with the bones of the lower jaw, 
and the teeth seemingly almost perfect. Fi'om the length 
of this envelope, 5ft. 9in., it had evidently been made 
for enclosing a person of medium stature. 

■ I uae ilie word rc-exsmbation because in 1S16 thisTuilthad been prerionil^ 
oponnl, u aame iuhkbilnulii of tlio city remember. A preaeat inioata ot the honiD 
rcculliww tho dale, and llio oircainBtiiiice of grent niimbcre of Cici^alriana going 
to leo '■tliBgra»iioI the rogidde.'' It waa at this time, probablj, that the apectnro 
IB til* IraJen coaa vsa made, doubtleai foe tlie pnrpoae of inrealigatiiig ita 



22 CAWLEY THE REGICIDE. 

None of the remains were disturbed, and afber a 
thon^iigli exploration of tbe vault, the stones above 
it \voiv replaced, and it was closed in again. There 
aro reasons for supposing that the skeleton in the 
Ci-ntro was that of the regicide, and that the others 
were those of members of his family. These will be 
civei) towards the conclusion of this paper, when the 
oirev*nistances connected with his death and burial 
eonie under consideration. 

HaviusT made notes from time to time on the biography 
of William Cawley, the present occasion seems aJso to 
be a 5i;itaMe one for reinvestigating his career, and for 
evrnvnUiT some mis-statements made respecting him 
xNl'ieh aiv still currently believed in his native city. 

l^f his ancestry we do not know much; but from a 
lH\:ij:riv- it appears that his father, grandfather, and 
jivea: c-»-dfaiher all bore the Christian name of John, 
a!u; tV.at lis tamily had long resided in Chichester. 
%K^l.n i\n\Un\ his father, was a wealthy brewer, who 
^^^^se^s^\i large propert}" both in the Manhood and in 
tb.e eitw He was evidently of considerable esteem,' 
smoe lie ^^ns thrice Ma^'or — in 1590, 1601, and 1613. 
l>y his wite Catherine* he had several daughters, but 
apparently an only son. 

* Cawlet. 
I 



John eawlcv.=T=MarT 

• I m 

I 



TT-l 

Jx hu v\\^x'.oy.=T:S<*rah, ila« 1. Elizabeth. 

cf ehvhc*:oi'. nuuarru>d to 2. Margaret. 

I IVtor iVx. 161S. 3. Elinor. 

r- * ' 1 1 1 

John e:l^^loY,=y=Cluho^ilu^ dau 1 dau. 2 dan. Elizabeth, 



ob. lOil. 



ob. 1626. ob. 1589. 
Jane, ob. 1590. 



^^ m. i^iw lov ,=T=rut liorino, Kl i^iUnh. 

*'. for kUwu of f.'.L. IWkhaai. r?i. 



*i»»lor, 
oxilo. 



Maria. AUoo. M. 

Chattield. m.Stmd- m. Heather, 
wicke. 



1 1 

Wtllinm Cuwlov John. 



living Uv**l*. 

'^ '^niiH of ("rtwlov woro Srtblo. n chcTix^n ermine, between three Bwans' 
^j^«<Hi uivent. urnjod or. 

MB htT '* as buried in the Hospital of St. Bartholomew, 1650." 
refers to Cawlej's mother, whoso name was also Catherine. 
y yeai*s afterwards. 



CAWLET THE EEGICIDB. 23 

In the Register of St. Andrew's, Chichester, is this 
record of William Cawley's baptism :— 

" 1602. Tbc thirde daie of November & in the yeere obovosaid 
was WilHiim Cowley the sonne of John Cawley gente & 
ftldermnn of the said Cittie of Chiohealer Baptized." 

Of Cawley'a education nothing is recorJed. It is, 
however, not improbable that he was sent to the Pre- 
beodal School, where Sehlen, with whom he was after- 
wards associated, had been educated. Hia father appears 
to have designed hira for the law. In the workhouse at 
Chichester is still preserved his portrait, on panel, takeo 
by an unknown artist, having on it " An° 1620 — ^? suae 
18." 

The features have a boyish or rather girlish look, with 
a thoaghtful expression and very dark eyes ; the head 
not cropped, as perhaps in after-life, but with thick 
brown and slightly curling hair. The neck is sur- 
rounded by the usual laced cuff of the Caroline period, 
of elaborate needlework. He has on a di-ess of light 
green, braided with white. Below the waist he wears 
brown breeches, under an embroidered girdle. There 
are also traces of a sword belt. The most observable 
point in the portrait, however, is the hand, with wrist 
surrounded by an elegantly plaited cuff of lace, of the 
same pattern as that of the ruff. Cawley, like Lady 
Macbeth, had a little hand, and, like hers, it was imbued 
with the blood of a king, the difference being, however, 
that Cawley, like Brutus, helped to depose one whom he 
considered a tyrant, to save his country. He might not, 
therefore, have desired to resort to " the perfumes of 
Arabia " to sweeten it from the stain of an act which 
some deem the foulest in English history. " What was 
done could not be undone," and we have nothing to lead 
us to suppose that Cawley ever wished to undo the 
execution of his sovereign. 

His father's will — evidently that of a pious and 
charitable man — -made a few years before his death, 
throws considerable light ou Cawley'a subsequent pro- 
ceedings. It is contained ia tive-and-a-half pages of 






V .. 



— Irr ^il-r. lolo. at the 

■• - . • » ^ 

"^ ■* . -1 . " ir. ? II -ific? :be usual 

j: . :---: ..i ::'\.^ :: *:e^ :« :he Parish 

' . --. _.-:.r-T ".._'!i.T=r=r m rlres various 

: -" : -'r....l iznii-'fs izi Ifcacies to 

- - - : :- :- :.: z-f. izl zz zir Mavor of 

■ 

— '*'.:. 7 ::? !::^T::abIe pur- 
- ^ - - - - •-..:-- ii izzi.zj :: £o'>, with 

• — .- ■". : .iMrr.tf :: be fc»rfeited 

.. . • •.-•* ii i :i.- ".flic :: :I:e house 

i V . - 1 :: zirzziz^ :o furnish 

- : .:. : 7 --:•:::.=:. £.2." yer annum 

• -, -. - ' : -v:.- :: i.f:7f!?5, frfe from ber 

.'■■.'.- : ' ^i T'f? izzizi :o his wife 

- - : "" i. izi. }.zi :: bis trustees 

:::■.:::: V-ivf rs::v or an 

/ r . :-: 7 :5: i.. f :: bis personalty 

- - :. : : ■^. i::< fifCJ::r, and if his 

. ;, . :':.i:s bis sjns-in-law 

1: "b.-.i",:: •.::=: unmarried 

s - ... •:^:i::r*s ;..i*.:i:b:ers abso- 

! ■ ' .-. :\ ^:r-.:v :k-:, M. Heather. 

r ■ - ' izi n.\ bis b-:irs forever. If 

;.■■,•■ . * . :: 1::5 :br^e dauofliters as 

v.v:;-. ^ :.* " " : .::5 r; ;xyrvsscV. ::: bis will, John 
";. • .-.5 : .*.•.•/. ." ^:. A::ir: v's Cburch, in which 

b::::. w::b bis effigy, having 



^ • ■ 



»«\V"^ •• • 



. ..i 



*»M ■ • 



l»rKMv i: is tl;o to:!o'.vi::j inseription : — 

• .^ :.:. Caw'., y 
'•\» Pan^li I'l' S' A!i.;r. w li.rioo iiiavor of lliis citv, 
»* l»urir«l in tliis C'iiiuvli Mav ord, lt»21. 
Kt»ii William C'nwloy was Laptizod Lore in 1G02 
OlM! iio rouuiL'il the hospital of' 8- Bartholomew 



CAWLEY THE REGICIDE. 



^ithont tho North Gate novr nsed as the poorhoQse of this citj 

1 1647 he represented this city in Parliament 
ud in the disputes which arose in the reign of 
King Charles he was one of those who sigmed the 
'}eath warrant of that nnfortonate monarch 
bpon the restoration he was excepted ont of the 
Act of oblivion. Be died at Bruges in Flanders 
an advanced age." '' 

Soon after bis father's decease, and probably in 
accordance with his benevolent ivish for the poor of 
Chichester, William Cawley founded the almshouse 
which bears his name, a short distance beyond the 
north gate. It -was intended for the support and main- 
tenance of " decayed tradesmen " of tlie city, under the 
trust and direction of the llayor. The wings of the 
building were finished in 1G25, as appears from a stone 
inserted in one of the walls, and still to be seen, having 
on it " W. C 1625." In the following year he added 
the chapel, on the back of the reading-desk being carved 
" W. C. 1626," surmounted by a scroll. The chapel 
was dedicated to St. Bartholomew, and was "conse- 
crated with great ceremony by George Carleton Bishop 
of Chichester,"" according to the statement of Dallaway. 
It remains almost unaltered to the present time. 

With some Cicestrians a mistaken opinion still prevails 
that the almshouse was built by bis father, whose Chris- 
tian name was John. The initials on it — "W. C." — ■ 
however, prove that it was not so. This notion is trace- 
able to the account of it given by Hay, the inaccurate 
historian of Chichester, who endeavours to show that 
because Williara Cawley, in after-years, signed the 

* Ab tills roconle not only bis own doatli, bat that of his bod, it was eviilently 
ndded long after bU deceuie. It osaigiia a wroug date to the year in which 
William Cnwloy repreaentod ChicUeBtcr in Fttrliament (1627), and a wrong 
" de«lli-placo " to the Repoide. The entrj' of John Cawloj'B interment in tbe 
BegJBter of St. Andrew's is this : — " Mr. John Callcy. who had bin thrioe Moior 
of thu CitlJc, buried May 3. \King Tuesday Ano. 1621." For lerifying tbo 
datoa vt Cawley'g baptiBm and of his father's bocial 1 am indebted to tbe kind- 
nesa of the Kev. T. D. Hopkyns. 

* " R. Lib. Mngn, Decan." is bi» antbority, which I bave been onable to verify, 
It ia greatly to be resetted tliat tbif r^iatera oi Biahopa Carleloo, Montagne, 
l>(ippa, rtuil King, wbloli woald have thrown mucli light oa tbe history of these 
timee, are miaaing from the episcopal archives. The Aol Books of tbe Dean and 
Chapter from ItllS to IBliO ore lost alao. In these other ioterestiBg partionlars may 
h&TB boeo recorded. 

XXXIV. B 



26 CAWLEY THE REGICIDE. 

King's death warrant he could not, when young, have 
founded the almshouse — a very illogical conclusion. 
Hay first assigns its erection to his father, and then, 
feeling doubtful as to this, supposes that it might have 
been the work of an uncle. ^ 

As his father was then dead, and, as, it would appear, 
he had no uncle on the father's side, this is quite un- 
tenable, and from a return made during the episcopate 
of Bishop Lake, .about twenty years after his own death, 
we have indubitable evidence of his having been the 
founder : — ** Without the north gate of the City of 
Chichester is an Hospital, erected about the year 1626 
for ten poor persons, designed to be called St. Bartho- 
lomew's Hospital, and endowed by William Cawley, 
Esquire (who also erected a decent chapel, and had it 
duly consecrated). But he proving a Regicide, and then 
revoking his first settlement and settling lands upon it 
which he had purchased of the State, the whole revenue, 
at his Majesty's happy return, reverted to the right 
owners." ® 

It is curious to note that, within a few years after its 
erection, this building, described as " within half musket- 
shot" of the walls, "was occupied by the Parliamentarian 
sharpshooters when commencing the siege of the city."® 

To revert, however, to Cawley's chequered career. 
During the next decade of his life we find little recorded 
of him. The house in which he lived in the South Pallant 
is still known as Cawley Priory. It is one of the best 
residences in Chichester, having grounds bounded by the 
city wall, outside which the Lavant, now covered in, but 
then open, flowed. In 1627, at the early age of twenty- 
five, he was returned M.P. for Chichester. This Parlia- 
ment of the third year of Charles I. was dissolved within 
a twelvemonth.^® George Carleton, described by Wood 
as a " rigid Calvinist," was then Bishop of Chichester ; 

' Hay, " History of Chichester," p. 336. Ibid,, p. 374. 

• S. A. C., XIII., 305. . 

' At varioas times, when excavations have been made within the precincts of the 
Almshoase, skeletons hare occurred, the remains of persons irregolarly interred, 
perhaps of some then slain. 

" In 1630 he compounded for knighthood. ** William Cawly of Chichester gent. 
£14." S. A. 0., XVI., 60. 



CAWLEY THE EEGICIDE. 27 

Mid of Bishop King, who was appointed just before the 
rebellion, it is mentioned that he also was puritanically 
Eiffected, and therefore, to please the Puritans, was pro- 
moted to the see. Cawlej was strongly attached to 
their party, and in accordance with the tenets of Abbot 
rather than of Laud, doubtless advocated the political 
preaching so rife at the time. A valuable estate called 
Broadlees, at Bumboldswyke, belonged to him, and to 
bhe church there he presented a carved oak pulpit, on 
which was inscribed — " This was done at the cost and 
diarge of Master William Cawley a.d., 1636."^^ In 
1640 he was elected M.P. for Midhurst,^ and sat for that 
borough throughout the Long Parliament. When the 
Civil War broke out he became the intimate friend of 
Cromwell. As Noble informs us also, " He obtained a 
Commission in the Army,"^' but did not take the field 
with the more "fiery kindled spirits" of his time. 

Before the threatening storm of warfare reached Sussex 
it was felt in Hampshire. At the beginning of August, 
1642, Col. Goring was holding Portsmouth for the King, 
ind the Boyalists at Chichester were active in seeking to 
aid their friends there. On the 16th a contingent from 
the city was sent to help them. Counter measures were, 
however, quickly taken by Cawley, since on the 24th, 
Chichester declared for the Parliament, although " the 
Cavaliers there continued to intrigue." " Parliament at 
Dnce ordered that all Popish recusants, all who should 
put in force the King's Commission of Array, or any who 
should furnish horses, arms, money, &c., to the King 
should be disarmed,"" and "Mr. "William Cawley," it is 
mentioned, " firmly refused to listen to any Koyalist 
:>vertures whatever, made to him by the Bishop and 
Dlergy."^ Portsmouth capitulated on the 6th of Sep- 
tember, and the surrender of Farnham and Winchester 
must have further dispirited the Cavaliers. Meanwhile 

'* A lane in this parish was long .known as " Cawley *s Lane." At Sidlesham 
ilso. he possessed farms called Ham f^m and Cbnrch Farm. 
^ 8 A«C XXXII. 88. 

»» "Lives^of the English Regicides," Vol. I., p. 136(17»8). 
i« Godwin, ''CitU War in Hampahire," p. 41. 
» Ibid. 



28 CAWLEY THE EEGICIDE. 

Robert Eaton, the Mayor of Chichester, who had been 
too loyal to please the Parliamentarians in the city, after 
publishing the Royal Commission of Array, fled to join 
the King, He was succeeded by William Bartholomew, 
who did all he could for the Parliamentary cause, but a 
sudden rising of the Royalists ensued. On the 22nd of 
Nov., by a concerted movement, they assembled in such 
numbers that they were able to seize the cannon which 
he had procured from Portsmouth, take the city keys 
from him, and imprison the trained bands he had intro- 
duced. The next day Cawley sent up news of this sur- 
prisal to Colonel Morley, then in Parliament, with the 
immediate result of the two M.P.'s for Chichester (Sir 
W. Morley and Christopher Lewknor) being expelled the 
House, and the subsequent expedition into Sussex of Sir 
William Wallep^ who, after sending a detachment against 
Arundel Castle, advanced to besiege Chichester. We 
have no information as to the proceedings of Cawley 
himself during the siege, and it is unnecessary here to 
dwell on it. The city was taken on the 29th of December, 
1642, and from that time " Cawley's influence in Chi- 
chester was paramount, and it was exerted steadily first 
for the Parliament and then for the Protector." On the 
6th of June, 1643, we find him taking the Covenant on 
the same day as his fellow-Sussexian John Selden and 
Oliver Cromwell himself. He was appointed by the 
House as one of the Commiesioners " for demolishing 
superstitious pictures and monuments in London," and 
was selected to return thanks to the divines who preached 
before Parliament on August 28th, 1644 — a fast-day, 
** for their pains in their sermons."^* 

In November following, it was feared that the King was 
about to march into Sussex and Surrey, and he seems to 
have returned home to oppose this. " Many thousands 
were said to be taking up arms in Sussex for the Parlia- 
ment. Mr. W. Cawley at Chichester, was exerting him- 
self to check the aspirations of the Royalists, and at the 
end of 1644 it was thought advisable to demolish many 

'* At a later date he was empowered to paj to *' three able preachihgmiDistera in 
Cbiohester £100 a year eaoh, oat of the eatates of the Dean and Chapter.'* 



CAWLEY THE BEGICIDE. 



29 



' houses in Sussex" where there was no garrison, 

nng the delinquent owners to compound." 

'ug the year 1G45 a risintj occuiTedon Rooke'sHill, 

(rise called the Trundle,'* above Goodwood, which 

oy much trouble — that nf the Clubmen. The 

f of this, as regards Susses, has been little adverted 

It was an attempt to hold a middle course, a 

)S3ible in violent comnaotions. Then, as now, 

1 colours were displayed to distinguish different 

Clubmen wore white ribbons as a badge, and 

their name from being armed with clubs, flails, 

soythea, and sickles fastened to long poles. The county 
gentlemen and clergy headed the movement, which, ac- 
cording to Locke was originated by Shaftesbury, when 
a young man. The design was to forni^ a third party, 
which should neither be Koyalist nor Parliamentarian, 
an army without soldiers, for tbey were neither to wear 
svords nor to carry firearms. The Clubmen were about 
14,000 strong, and were already ready when necessary to 
assemble in force in defence of their homes and granaries. 
BAfusing to allow any armies to quarter within their 
districts, their banner, a white sheet, bore this motto : — 

■ If yrm offer to pliiiider or take our cattle, 
You ninj be sure we'll give jou battle.' 

The word ' plunder,' which had been introduced by 
soldiers of fortune from Germany, here first appears in 
our language. The Clubmen refused to submit to the 
Parliament, saying, ' Our intentions are to go in a middle 
way ; to preserve our persons and estates from violence 
and plunder; to join with neither; and not to oppose 
either side, until by the answer to our petition we see 
who are the enemies of that happy peace which we really 
desire.' Fairfax negotiated with them, attended some of 

" Qwlwiii, p. 107. 

" Till) Siiv'tx Clubmen, porLapa Collating tbe oioniple of [heir Hampshire nllica 
onIIiUUblt'i)uii Down, ohoBoa rerj strong puaition for posting Ihemaeivue. iiouko'», 
or St. Uovlm'a UUl. in 708 foet above tbo sua tevel i tbe large uiroulur eiitifiDDbiuoiiC 
en It iiiulaJea aa Mon of hbont Gvo nores. vrilh n deei> fossa, uid an ouioc u-ad inner 
TKllmD. four feel hljih all roiuul. It woald bare been Btormed with groat diffloalt;. 
Tbi* BDoiont corlbirui'k iitill remaias almost Dnaltered. 



30 CABLET THE BSGICIDE. 

tboir meetings, and employed some of them as pioneers, 
but finally suppressed them.**" 

Cromwell regarded tbem as *' malignants " and open 
enemies. In August, 1645, he attacked 2,000 of them in 
an old Roman camp on Hambledon Hill. His men were 
at first repulsed, but were, after an hour's fighting, vic- 
torious, and brought 600 arms, 400 prisoners,. 200 of 
whom were wounded, to Shrawton, where they were im- 
prisoned in the church. Sixty Clubmen were killed. At 
the beginning of the next month it was rumoured that 
tbe Clubmen of Hampshire and Sussex were coming to 
the relief of Basing House, and on the 18th and 19th of 
September Wm. Cawley and the Committee for Sussex re- 
ported " divers outrageous proceedings of 1,000 Clubmen 
at Rowkcshill," near Chichester, enclosing the warrant 
issued by the Sussex Clubmen, and the declaration pub- 
lished by the men of Hants, Wilts, and Dorset. Colonel 
Norton was ordered to shift the quarters of the horse and 
foot under Ins command from Portsmouth to Bishop's 
Waltham, and to await orders from the Committee of 
both kingdoms, to whom these -documents were referred. 
The Committee for Hants, Sussex, and Surrey were 
directed to consult " how to prevent any inconvenience 
that may happen by reason of the Clubmen, and to 
seciucster the estates of all recusants." On September 
25th wo hear of Colonels Anthony Stapley, Morley, 
Norton, and others, trying to disperse the Clubmen at 
Rowkcshill without bloodshed, and three days previously 
wo read : ** The Clubmen in Sussex and Hampshire 
are now numerous. A party is assigned to pacify them ; 
sure they have not so much to complain of as the more 
westerly parts, but if by this they draw troubles upon 
themselves, lot them thank themselves." 

Shortly afterwards Colonel Norton with the Parlia- 
mentarian horse attacked the Hampshire Clubmen, near 
Winchester, and according to the " Kingdom's Weekly 
Intolligenccr," "cutandhackt many of them, took all 
their chiefs, ringleaders, and about 1,000 arms, which 
made their neighbours in Sussex to shrink in their 

" Godwin, " Civil War in Hampshire," p. 216. 



CAWLET TI[E EEOICIDE. 31 

EMds, and we liear most of them are departed to their 
OBfn homes." Siich was the end of this Sussex rising. 
It is cot mentioned whether any sermon was preached 
relative to this, but at the siege of Basing, one William 
Beach, " Minister of the Army there," " Togfethei- with 
a word full of love and affection to the Cliibmea of 
Hampshire, gave a discourse which seems little to har- 
monize with this. The motto of it being Rev. xiv., 11 : 
' The smoke of their torment shall ascend evermore, and 
they shall have no rest day nor night, which worship the 
boast and his image ; ' and the text Psalm Ixxxiij., 9 : 
* Doe unto them as iinto the Midianites, as to Sisera, as 
to Jabiu, at the Brooke of Kisou.' '"" This sermon was 
dedicated to Mr. Nicholas Love, a friend of Cawley. 

The famous Algernon Sydney was governor of Chi- 
chester until the Parliament resolved to disgarriaou it, 
which they did on the 2nd of March, 1640, when its 
ordnance was removed to Arundel. Cawley 's position in 
the city was, however, so insecure that in 1047 he waa 
obliged to ask for military aid, and Sir Arthur Haslerig, 
who had taken a prominent part in its capture in 1612, 
was sent down to his assistance. The civil war waa 
then over and the King a prisoner.*' We come now to 
the most memorable period in Cawley's career, the part 
be took in the trial of King Charles I. Noble says : 
" He was named a commissioner in the pretended court 
of justice which he attended as one of the judges on the 
17th of January, 1648-9, and every subsequent day, 
both in their sittings in the Painted Chamber, and in 
Westminster Abbey."" The trial commenced on the 
20tb, when Bradshaw, the president, in a scarlet robe 
and covered by a broad-brimmed hat, placed himself in 
a crimson velvet chair iu the centre of the court, with a 
desk and velvet cushion before him. Say and Lisle on 
each side, and the two clerks o£ the court sitting below 

" Godiriii. 

1 la Uolober CromwaH'a Iromiilea marchod to join Fairfax, aocl Cawley wrote to 
hrlianMUt frum CbSahuKitir no tbu 2:!a<i, ooiiipluiuiDg ol tlie iliffieuRy of raiarng 
local toDtJa unci rooroil* fgr Fairfax's arm;'. 

" Noble, " LiToa of (bo EnffUsh Begicidea." To). I., p. 136 (1708). William 
CawlB7. Ebi|. 



1. I T.i'.-i. r-zri^T carpet on 
zi -iije'rz-y^. The 



"■»■"" — 



' .-7 



-^:^ --:-:7 -;:::? :r. 1:1 i i?>:'r»iing to 
■ - " - "— - !::.:•-:•. ' : :*:£ : i^ir seats on 

I : ^ - ^ rf -_:;i:- f-r-fz. S zssrX men — 

:-''-.--- Ll_: f : T "r l^s^x cDunty), 

• ^-—..i :=.. iJii "^i: TrTe-zzTT Xorton 

T- -1 : r ::: IJH^irrr. C^-nrlev- who 

r: -" ^-~-_ ' =1:1'" r:lT^ ::• be placed 

"•-..f?-:- Lf^^^:T;^. ir 5:^:rri to have 

I'. v-i-T T - 1^1: 1: iif rrii.!. and on 

If :: 1: ' vi; ^i-f :;ifjr lanis and 

^? :r::"i ^;:mr.:. y.zi^y next to 



.:-.:- r i.nf -5 1:: =iri"::iei iziri^ these who 



zzzr. ::*- -7:::^ "r i^i l:::lf r^-rorded of 



. • « B • ^ .m. 






riiei. observes 
.-!• iie was ap- 
If :aO?. uiesced in 
:^fr. who made 

m 

fs TvziDle, John 
:r Sussex,-* and 

rifster brewer, 
c::v diiriasr the 



***^ X&».. ....... _.« .> ... .'. 






. .. N. 



■'i I" ■- - • A •• " . - ■ 

« ■ ■ ■ • ■" 

kl &^*ViW« .*«.>^ ... ...» ^ 



:z :>.f vr^ir preceding 
7:T?.rIs the close of 

r.l Crrjixell, on the 

. l.:s srn -J:::n, a Xon- 

:>:".*.? c: R?rherfield, 

:: Sussex." At the 



" ?!. A. ».■.. .\:\ .i." 
^ •■ 1 »■■ • ■ .. ...- < ' ' • " ' 

Villi v» V. ..»,.;>.... »,..»,....?.■.. . 

C. Xl\.. lit. 

S.A. C, XAXII.. :;:::•. 



■ c * " ' y.T v.- 7.. ::,Tr:.:r. rr.e Parliament's 



CAWLEY THE BEOICICE. ■ 33 

m Cawley applied to Bishop King at 
ook episcopal orders from bim." Heoon- 
■field abont a year afterwards, and was 
leqaently made ArcbdeaooD of LjucoIq, being thas 
iostalted March 2nd, 1666-7," 

One cannot but observe the kind bebaviour of Bishop 
King, who had suffered so much during his troubled 
episcopate, and had been himself sequestered, and the 
clemeDcy of the Government towards Cawley's son, who 
was not only allowed to retain a valuable living, but was 
not debarred from being appointed to an Archdeaconry. 
To return to Cawley himself. At the end of 1659 
General Monk'* declared in favour of the Parliament, and 
afterwards entered London without opposition, on the 
3rd of February, 16G0. The Long Parliament bad dis- 
solved, and when the Convention Parliament met, 
*' Cawley was one of the few Regicides who obtained a 
Beat in it," called as it had been to smooth the return of 
the Stuarts. He was elected M.P. for Chichester. 
Ludlow speaks of him as an able and aitnent member 
of Parliament, which is justified by his lengthened 
tenure of that office. 

Henceforth hia position became critical. After the 
Restoration, when tbe Act of free pardon, indemnity, and 
oblivion was passed by the two Houses and tbe King, as 
to all treasons and political crimes committed between 
tho 1st of January, 1637, and the 24th of June, 1660, it 
was expressly provided that it should not pardon or give 
any benefit to tlie Regicides, who are mentioned by name 
and excepted as to life and property, and amongst them 
occurs that of William Cawley. He was not one of 

" In tbe CulendBT □! Stnte Paprrs. DomeBtJc Seriea. CLarlei II., a letter ia 
nGnticiDed dated Septooibcc i'laA, )ae2, referring Ut a JcltD Canto;, wbo is chua 
ipiardeillf iluteil to hnre boeu related to Iha regicide : " The Eiog to tlie Msater 
wid Fallow! o[ Qneeu'B College, Camliridge recommeDda Jobe Cawlcijr B,A. * 
BObolM ol ibo hoiuo to tbe neit vuHUit fellowahip thore, diipcruiFhj Jor tht 
KMnutry o/' tAa naa r rilatioiuiAip 0/ Aii, with udj slatuto of tbe f aundutiou to Ilia 
<mBtT%ry. (lint. Buok VI., p. 4(i.) 

" Qia (liiiiglitDr livoaoie tba wife of Sir Gwlfrey Kticller, tho celebrated painter, 
Tba fnmiljr of Caolu; biu lotig btwn oxiioot ia Cliiohntpr. 

* (.'h«1(<7. wbri aloon bud opposed tbe projHuitiuQ to give Culouol Mouk, when ■ 
jiritoner m a Hny»ii*t in the Tiiwur, t, Cummiuion in the Parliamentiuy Ariaf, 
doitbtleM board ol tbia with diamay. 

XXXIV. F 



34 • CAWLET THE BK6ICIDS. 

those indicted of high treason, being one of the nineteen, 
supposed to hare fled bejond sea. 

To ascertain the whereabouts of the Regicides a not 
unasual course was pursued. Watch was kept on the 
moTements of their wives, and this was for some time 
continued. In a letter written bj one Robert Johnson, 
dated January 7th, 1663, it is stated that : ^^ Mrs. Caw- 
ley, tchose husband is not yet discovered ^ lodges at her 
brother's in Red Cross Street, and is intimate with the 
wives of Ludlow, Goffe, and WTialley." But all search 
was in vain. He had fled before Richard Cromwell and 
Ludlow quitted England. This is evident from the 
escape of Ludlow himself, of which we have a graphic 
account. ** After a hazardous concealment in London, 
finding everything lost, and not willing to trust himself 
in the hands of Government, he took leave of his friends 
and relations, and passing in a coach, at the close of the 
day, through the city, over London Bridge, to St. 
George's Church, in Southwark, a person waited to 
present him with two horses ; mounting one, his guide 
conducted him safe to Lewes, by carefully shunning the 
great roads ; he passed over to Dieppe in the very vessel 
which had just returned from conveying the Protector 
Richard to the Continent, and hurried to Switzerland, 
where he joined IF. Cawley** 

According to Noble, " Cawley, in his flight, passed 
through France, and strove to procure an asylum at 
Geneva, but finding it impossible, he removed to 
Lausanne, where the lords of Berne granted him their 
protection.'* He adds the following remarks : — " His 
situation in banishment must have been extremely pain- 
ful, the fear of detection, the loss of all society with 
those he loved, and compelled to reside in a foreign land 
upon a scanty income, with the knowledge that he had 
called all this upon himself, and, we must hope, sincere 
sorrow for the dreadful crime which brought all this 
upon him. He and some others implicated with hiui 
^'vcd as if they wished to be forgotten even upon earth, 

1 were spectators, as it were, of being cut off from the 
d of the living. A more melancholy situation cannot 



OAWLEY THR KEGICIDK. 



35 



oonoeived by the mind of man." This, however, 
admits of some qualification. It is, indeed, probable 
that Cawley never saw his wife and children again ; bub 
be and his fiienda met with a very honourable reception 
abroad,** and they appear to have resided together during 
the few closing years of his life, amongst those of similar 
opiuiona, and amidst some of the most beautiful scenery 
in Europe. He died in IGGIi, and was buried in the fine 
old cliurch of St. ilartin, at Vevey, in the Canton de 
Vaud, in which Love and Ludlow, who long survived 
liim, were also interred. This ia evident from an ac- 
count in "Notes and Queries," which is here quoted in 
cxienso : — " lu July, 1876, a stranger visited Vevoy, and 
said that it was traditionally i-eported in his family that 
one of his ancestry (a regicide) was buried iu the above 
church of St. Martin, but it was either Love or Cawley. 
However, he only enquired after one. The church 
authorities obligingly permitted a search, and after a 
minute examination, under the boarded floor of a dark 
niche a lettered stone was discovered intruding. Of 
this slab nothing could be made out except Ta and Ar, 
the evident commencement of two lines, A removal of 
the pews and the flooring, however, not only brought to 
light the above protruding stone, but led to the discovery 
of another monument. In fact it was placed beyond 
doubt that St. Martin's Church was the burial-place not 
only of Broughton and Ludlow,^' but also of Love and 
Cawley. The Bev. W. F. Prior, the much-esteemed 

" It ii inpnliiMieil that " tlie Connoil of Berne received Ladlow, Love, and 
Brrngbton witb himour ; 1)ib TreMnrer and aniue of Che Coancil dined irith tbetn, 
MWUDpAuleil them (■> cburah, »□<! miuletbem a present of nine.'' 

•> "Holes iLud QBtrrieB," VoL VI., p. 13, At p. 75 of the Bsme vol. the late Mr, W, 
Dillin Las a UDt« on the BUbjaet, in which he obnervee : " Although there wero atrong 
groimds feu: tielieTing that a Email ooniDimiitj of reKioidaa resided at Verej, do 
raeonl at the laat, aor iDutmiuento, eicepC that to Ludlow, could be found there ; 
■od it wan iKit antlt thig century that the graTea of Nicholas Love and William 
Oawla* have been added to the namber. . . . There hualwayseiisted a tradition 
*t Cblobcatcr, and iu the neigh boorhood where Cawlef held lande, that bis body 
had bwn reniovud aud bronght to the City of bii birth." Ur Uiike tlien advertB 
to tlie oaamination of the vault at the begiiiniag of tho prcwut oontury, awl 
add>, " it ie fair to anppOBo the tnidil.ion is norreol, and tb»t !ii» reiuaina dow lie 
ittthoplaca deneribe.!.^ The Bor W. P. Pfior. who Tb etill at Vevey. infomw 
■" "'"fc to tljH lieat of Mb reoolleotioo the name on the Kranjatoiu- waa Bpdt 
IT,' probably troDi bad carving, ainl that on one of tho *tonos woa tho 
' a amiill ship. 



i 






CAWLEY THE REGICIDE. 37 

afterwards James II., who also, after various vicissi- 
tudes, died in exile. Cawley left a son, William, who 
in 1660 " petitioned for himself and wife to have the 
estate of his father restored to him, on the grounds that 
most of it had been settled on him at his marriage, and 
that his wife's father had been sequestered for his loyalty 
and himself threatened with disinheritance because with 
tears in his eyes and prayers he had attempted to dis- 
suade his father from entering the damnable plot — the 
King's trial." 

In 1663 the estate was sold to Lord William Brounker 
for £2,100. During the reign of Charles II. the Alms- 
house was acquired by the Mayor and Corporation of 
Chichester. In 1083 we find them still seized of it in 
fee, and in 1753 it was settled by them on the Chichester 
Incorporation "for the habitation and employment of 
the poor of the city."^ 

** The following extract from an Act Anno vicesiino sexto Oeorgti IT., for the 
better relief and employment of the Poor, &c., within the city of Chichester, gives 
foil particalars of the nltimate settlement of Cawlej's Almshouse : — 

** Whereas the Eight Reverend Henry King, heretofore Lord Bishop of Chiches- 
ter, and the Right Reverend Peter Gunning, heretofore likewise Lord Bishop of 
the same, did each of them pay unto the Mayor, Aldermen, and Citizens of the 
City of Chichester the sum of one hundred pounds, to be by them employed in 
providing a Workhouse or Manufactory to set the poor of the said City to work, or 
in case that could not be made practicable, to be employed in some other like 
charitable use for the poor, as the said Mayor, Recorder, and Aldermen should 
direct and appoint ; and as a further addition to it, the said Mayor, Aldermen, 
and Citizens, by Indenture dated on or about the Twenty-first day of September, 
one thousand six hundred and eighty -one, did settle and convey the House with- 
out the North Gate of the said City, called Cawloy's Almshouse (of which the said 
Mayor, Aldermen, and Citizens were then seized in fee), to be for ever thereafter 
used as a Workhouse for the poor, and by the said Indenture did also further 
convey two fields adjoining to the road leading from Dell-Hole to the Broyle, near 
the said City, through which the City Conduit-pipe runs, to Trustees therein 
named, to hold to them and their heirs, upon condition, that they should levy a 
fine before the next Easter Term then to come, which fine should enure to the 
nse of the said Mayor, Aldermen, and Citizens of the said City, and their suc- 
cessors for ever, upon special trust and confidence, that they the said Mayor, 
Aldermen, and Citizens should apply the rents and profits of the said Fields to- 
wards repairing and maintaining the said House called Cawley's Almshouse ; 
and if there should be any surplus thereof, to apply the same towards establishing 
a Manufactory to set the poor at work ; and in case that could not be made prac- 
ticable, then to be employed to some other such-like chantable use for the poor, as 
the said Mayor, Recorder, and Aldermen should direct or appoint. 

*'And whereas the said Mayor, Aldermen, and Citizens of the said City are 
desirous that the said House, called Cawley's Almshouse, shall be used as a 
Workhouse for the poor, within the district hereby united, and also that the rents, 
issnes, and profits of the two Fields, or the monies arising by mortgage or sale 
thereof may be applied to the purposes of this Act ; be it therefore enacted by the 



■Hr t. 



^^^ 



~JU j.< 






31 



TT" 



'-T- V 



SUSSEX DOMESTIC ARCHITECTURE IN ITS 
ElMBLER ASPECTS. 

Bt J. LEWIS ANDRE, Esq. 



Tbe interesting features of the nobler examples of 
domestic architecture in Sussex have been somewhat 
exhausiively described in tlie preceding volumes of tbe 
"Sussex Archseological Collections," the works of the 
county hiatorianBj and other writings ; but there are many 
secular buildings which are not of sufficient importance 
to warrant individual description, but, takeu collectively, 
possess points of interest of a high order. The present 
paper is intended to supply a few notes on the humbler 
phases of the domestic architecture of our ancestors in 
this county. There is one feature which appears to 
the writer to give a special value to the remains of the 
dwellings of the middle and lower classes, and it is this, 
that whilst the art seen in the mansions of the nobility 
is much of it of foreign origin and execution, that exhibited 
in old farm and town houses must have been of purely 
English conception, and worked out by English hands. 

Building construction in most wood-covered lands 
appeal's to have followed the same course. At first, 
when timber is plentiful, the erections are more or less 
entirely formed of it ; when it becomes scarcer, stone 
and brick supply its place. This holds good in the 
forest districts of Englaud in early times, and may be 
seen in operation in Canada at the present day. Thus, 
in London and other cities in Ontario, where the land 
has been extensively cleared, brick houses are gradually 
talcing the places of wooden-framed ones, whilst at 
Quebec, round which timber still abounds, the dwellings 
oontiuue to be built with walls of solid planka laid one 
r another. 



n-' : :-r:«~ : :=.ri :: i5s:-c:ate Roman 

"ill be surprised 



— .* 



- ■_.:- • :i-r' :i tif -fslibier Roman 
: - r: -iiv-^ r— n :: L.vf b~n of stone 

'..J: > -:r i.i>frr.:- iiubtless well- 
-:^- >r-^.-L^;i:i>iir:: England," 

• r-.r. "Lr f'l "_r/_e lir timber was 
T- : :~.- 1 : ff-: :. Llt" I:=:rs::c buildings 

- :r ^^ "ir t-Z'i::.'^ iz ^zcd increased, 
. : 1 1" :j: : : ■ -•, i^ "^ell as brick, 

.: . ■ . :^ "TJi^iKZ'Zr'LziirL siructures have 

: : .. --.!-. -7 iij^sfs" is often of 

-. . ■ 7- : 11 ii:::^f :izl cellar walls 

.> . ' - . : t:.:'i ~:.? 1^:1 a sill of wood 

. . : - i: :. ::? :r -Triy:.-.?, t'liese latter 

.-. .f :._ ! "i.. --.:~^ :: :if rojf. Some- 

■ •: :■.;-::":■: -V ":?'_: :-.: others the 

, . : • -: '. -:-5 :':.1~L a " 'u::v/'- The 

: >:. : " v.t:? " r:f ::mri of wattles 

-._-:•. in:-: -^.ir-I cl'.v or loam 

... >:• " "."_>. .- :_f r^sitrii counties, 

VL.: -. ■-> :■- :--: S-iriAje. and called 

.- f::.- /.:■£< u:: larr-ear to have 

A: :: - z7 :-jiiS '.-ir r-i::els formed 

;--, r. ■:•:. :v. " ::_ Irijk l:iid flat, or 

.. -c ?:::'x- •^-Iri: :: vreu: entirely 
;■ -i:\:'.; :;s:s ^e.e c.:: to a curve 
.:'..;;•.: .iv.,: .:£::rA:c'.:. There is a 
5:::.: cX-;u:y!-: .i: ':'-.:• :::1:. V.:: :l:r English specimens 
are ^-e-r::-!".- izu.^l: : '..v.-ii:' i.-.i:: :l::se :o oe met with on 



■ ■ ^k • • * ■ » »M ■ «■ ^» » * 
•-* ■ • ^ 

ZiCrn.-, Ill .1 r - . ? ' ■." r .. '. ' ' -■.■'.. 

A": -\[;:I.-r5: ::« a 1 .!:-: :::" . ■.■\ I L :«;. :'.-.: ::'T.z'..'. 3 ?".# l-e;:._- sovon inches 
, 'h*:i-.- :. ■.sL.j. :« ■.::..-•. .:..:■: '. ..^•- :. . :' . : . -c : :....>: e.ir.y ":::\.f tbo con- 
lior. i? <■: v... . i. A .: v ; t\.w: .^ . : :„.- ! r, .: ^--.- :.i l.-::.'kw :k ir shuwn ftt 
>aii.::i.v'r !...'^s..' a: Pv:-.v ::.., c:.,-: i-v-. i ::. • m:--. A:v-. C ...." Vj!. XIV., p. 1*0. 
ttcr i.-! nt L:i.'l*:f:l 1. ::•. ir :::■' cr:.i:vh. Oc^i-ri '::i'.iy i".:..^ lower st'.»rer wad of 
Dry, the upper half-iimbc*rt-d. 



» ■ • 



. -V 



«>■•-_. 



h« » -h 







^m ao»«% »"«^"'' "^ ,. «, to timber. 

tch course or bed « «;-*;-*'" Tfr^e 

Judges of tbo o« -r'iSpSi'"^,'"- 



42 SUSSEX DOMESTIC ABOHITECTURE. 

Many small houses built of the local sandstoDe remain, 
•with the doorways and window-frames formed in the 
same material. There are good ones at Tillington and 
at Coates, the latter having the quoins, string courses, 
and window labels of brick. Chalk was also used as a 
building material from early times in Sussex, and there 
is a contract in existence for the erection of a hall at 
Hamsey dated 1320 (14th Ed. II.); this binds John 
Rengwyne, of Wogham, to make four walls of stone and 
chalk for the above. The old house called Nineveh, 
Arundel, was of chalk faced with flint. " All the ex- 
isting remains of Lewes IViory are of chalk. Parham 
House is built of the same material, and faced only 
with stone." (" Suss. Arch. Coll.," Vol. XX., p. 187.) 

The healing, or roof covering, deserves especial 
notice, from the extensive employment of the local 
stone slabs called ^^ Horsham slates." Besides these, 
oak shingles and tiles were common, but the former 
seem to have been in disrepute from an early date, and 
are now only used in England for the timber spires of 
churches ; in Canada they form the commonest roof 
covering, each shingle being two feet long by six inches 
wide, fixed by a single pin, and rendered incombustible 
by dipping in a chemical preparation.* The beautiful 
grey tint of the stone roofing makes an artist regret 
that its use should have been almost entirely abandoned 
from the great weight of the material. The slabs were 
laid in graduated courses, diminishing in size from the 
eaves to the top, or ridge, as was customary with early 
slating, a good specimen of which exists at Chelsea 
Hospital. • 

Numerous old roofs have had their barge-boards 
removed from having become decayed, and considering 
the delicacy of some of the traceried work, it is wonder- 

^ The Great Hall at Battle Abbev was originallj covered with Bhingles. — *' Sass. 
Arch. Coll.," Vol. IV., p. 266. 

Letters patent of Edward II., a.d. 1314, directed that certain houses and 
castles should have their roofs of shingles replaced by slates, stone, or earthen 
tiles. — •* Domestic Architecture of England,'* Vol. II., p. 8. 

* At Hastings, in 1618, thatched roofs were prohibited in the town, and all houses 
ordered to be " ceiled with tile, stone, or slatt."— " Snss. Arch. Coll.," Vol. XIV., 
p. 106. 



■ SUSSEX roMESTic ahohitectuhe. 43 

Till that they have lasted so long; it ia, perhaps, un- 
necessary to say that the oldest were simply stout 
boards cusped, or foliated, at the edges ; in the later 
Gothic style they were oroamented with tracery more or 
less intricate, and occasionally of lace-liko fragility. In 
the Elizabethan and Jacobean periods the style of 
decoration changed, and the barge-boards were covered 
with sunk scroll arabesque work, or cut to a fanciful 
outline; others, however, had the edges continuously 
moulded, and the classic dental applied within. The 
hip knobs were generally mere pendants, and did not 
rise above the ridges as finials.' 

When the gables were cut back (or hipped) or 
cropped, the apices were not terminated by a wooden 
finial, as in modern work, but the hip rafters were 
tenoned into the nearest common or spanning ones, at 
a little below the point where tbey met at the ridge, so 
as to be constructionally stronger. Internally, the 
rafters were occasionally carried by collars and Icon 
ties, with curved braces — the whole similar to church 
roofs in their composition ; such a roofing may be seen 
at Broomhall, Warnham. A picturesque effect ia pro- 
duced when a hipped roof is carried down as a lean-to 
over a one-storied projection. 

Frequently in country houses the chimneys formed 
projections at either end, and the shafts of brick stood 
quite apart from the walls, the lower portions, often of 
masonry, forming a chimney-corner, lighted by one or 
more small windows, and diminishing in size by means 
of weatherings to the stacks ; these slopes are f ix-quently 
finished on the outer edge by a series of brick stepped 
gables, of which there are excellent examples at 
Ewhurst, Thakehara, and other places — they are, indeed, 
so common that they have been termed " Sussex chim- 
neys." " There is a beautiful specimen at Moor Farm, 
Petwortb, with two lofty shafts, having angle pilasters of 

* Thore ia an GXtTEuiotj prctt? combinntioD of barge boanls and hip knob at n 
■mAll lianseaC Seal, Kent; the whole (ormint; nn elegant Jncobean Dicbe. 

■ 'Die moal pleiuiiig lorni fit cliimneyalibfl is wlieii coiuiatmg ot throo ports : 
1, til* baso i 2, lU« abkft 1 3, the Oftp, An excellecL ItDaemoold ia at Boat UbsIiiiII'b, 



44 SUSSEX DOMESTIC AECHITECTURE. 

an elegant design. Often the chimneys rise in a mass in 
the centre of the building, and are carried up to a con- 
siderable height above the roof ; there are good ones at 
East Street, Horsham. Commonly the heads ended in a 
series of slightly projecting courses of an endless variety 
of design, the whole terminated by a cylindrical cap of 
brick plastered, and forming a substitute for a chimney- 
pot. Sometimes the shaft was worked in panels, as at 
Standing Farm, Horsham. A fine twisted and moulded 
one was destroyed a few years back at the same town ; 
its loss is the more to be regretted as, compared with 
the eastern counties, they are rare in Sussex. Pretty 
octagonal stone ones exist at Bodiam Castle, where the 
fireplaces are backed inside with tiles laid herring-bone 
fashion, as may be seen also at Slaugham Place. 

Considering that a porch is now an almost universal 
addition to a country house, examples of any age are 
comparatively rare ; two storied ones exist at Tilling- 
ton and East Maskells, also at Stopham Manor House, 
but often a simple lean-to hood supplied their place. 
The doorways in half-timbered work made parts of the 
construction, the posts helping to carry the chamber 
storey. They are in general simply moulded oblong 
openings ; good ones exist at Dedisham, Slinfold, and 
Fittle worth, others of stone, with plainly chamfered 
arched heads, are at Tillingtou and Coates. 

Doors both external and internal were generally what 
are known as ledged ones, that is, composed of three or 
four horizontal pieces, covered with boards (instead of 
being framed in panels as in modern work). These 
claddings, as they are termed, were often of two thick- 
nesses, thus giving scope for mouldings on the stouter 
ones ; at other times the covering was of one thickness, 
the joints of the boards being concealed by fillets fixed 
on with large ornamental headed screws or nails. 

The heights of old rooms being generally much less 

than those of the present day, the window-ways were 

'h wider in proportion to their height than now, the 

9 were formed into groups of from two to seven 

iDgs, divided from each other by slight square 




jSneiDourn J. riorp. JYorih jS^Jiarsiam. 





SUSSEX DOMESTEO AECHITECTUEE. 45 

muUions of wood, rebated for load casements, the edges 
being roll moulded. The effect of a long row of these 
windows is often very pleasing and picturesque ; occa- 
sionally the more modern wooden sashes slide in 
grooves, as do also the shutters. Many of the lead 
lights in each series were fixed, whilst those which 
opened were protected by upright bars of iron, even in 
the chamber storeys. When the undoubted improvement 
of hung sashes came into use, they were at first placed 
in solid frames, hollowed out sufficiently to allow of the 
lines and weights working. There is an example of this 
at West Grinstead, in a house built by the Carills in the 
17th century.* 

The leaden lights in pantries and larders were occa- 
sionally cast in pretty pierced patterns for ventilation ; 
there is a good set in a house in North Street, Horsham.^^ 

One of the most pleasing features in the old farm and 
town houses was the oriel window ; this was often of 
delicate design, projecting but a few inches from the 
face of the wall, and carried on moulded brackets or 
trusses ; good examples exist at a house in the Cause- 
way, Horsham ; at Fittleworth, and Hardham. 

Shutters were generally lodged like doors, and hung 

* In the last century, as late as 1773, casements seem to have been the nsoal 
window fittings. Dr. Johnson, in his ** Tour in the Hebrides,'* says : " The art of 
joining squares of glass with lead is little used in Scotland. The frames of their 
windows are all of wood ; they are more frugal of their glass than the English, 
and will, in houses not otherwise mean, compose a square of glass of two pieces, 
not joining like cracked glass, but with one edge laid perhaps half an inch over 
the other. Their windows do not move upon hinges, but are pushed up and down 
in gloves, yet they are seldom accommodated with weights and pullies. He 
that would have the window open must hold it with his hand, unless, what may 
be found among good contrivers, there be a nail which he may stick into a hole to 
keep it from falling."— •* Johnson's Works," Vol. VIII., p. 231, ed. 1792. 

In Canada the absence of hung sashes is common, and Dr. Johnson's hole and 
nail contrivance of frequent occurrence. The want of lines and weights nmy 
have led to the French term, for our hung sashes, of ** Guillotine windows.*' 

*• Formerly, lead was used in many ornamental ways— rain-water heads were 
formed of it, with the d<ite of the erection or initials of the builder ; the Manor 
House, Horsham, has a good 18th century one. Statnes were composed of this 
metal, one of which at Bungay, Snffolk, represented Astrea, and weighed 
eighteen hundredweights. At Carahalton, Surrey, some fine gates have on the 
side piers statues of Diana, and Actcon and his dogs ; and at Petersham House, 
in the same county, a series of heads in oval recesses gives a pleasing appearance 
to an otherwise uninteresting facade. Chichester has a remarkable shop front at 
a plumber s, having a leaden panel about eight feet long, dated 1728, and 
bearing figures of double-tailed mermaids, and soldering irons, Soe,, in saltire. 



46 StJSSBX DOMESTIC AMHITEOTUEE. 

at the jambs (or sides) of the openings. External stair- 
cases have become rare, but may still be met with occa- 
sionally, one is at Friday Street, Rusper, another near 
" The King's Farm," Roffey. 

Having noticed the various external features common 
to country and village dwellings, a few words may be 
written on the special characteristics of farm-houses. 
In most cases they were placed at some distance from 
the roads in front of them, say about eighty or one 
hundred feet back, the spaces so formed being usually 
plots of green sward, bounded on three sides by hedges 
or walls, the tenements forming the fourth ; frequently 
these enclosures were sub-divided by cross fences at 
about twenty feet from the houses, and appropriated as 
flower gardens, in which may still be found many old 
plants despised by modern florists, such as the pretty 
pink-blossomed " Daphne," whose flowers appear before 
the leaves in early February ; the large-leaved ** Meda- 
lina," like the Hyacinth in its spikes of bloom, but un- 
like the cultivated plant sending up the same vigorous 
heads of flowers year after year. Here also flourish the 
"Michaelmas Silver" and the " Coton Aster," recalling 
to mind the banks and hill-sides of Pennsylvania and 
Ontario, where they grow in wild luxuriance, and from 
whence, mayhap, they were transplanted by the 17th 
century voyagers to adorn their English homes. 

In the centre of the front walls were paled gates, 
flanked on one side at least by a holly or yew tree ; the 
latter often cut into fantastic shapes, such as hens and 
coops, or divers birds, vases, or pyramids, or perchance 
formed into entrance arches ; occasionally there was a 
tall poplar, which placed here must have been intended 
as a beacon to direct the homeward steps of the yeoman 
and his labourers across the farm lands. By the side of 
each gate was a bundle of twigs, made into a huge 
broom, with a short handle, and which served as a 
scraper to the boots and shoes of those entering from 
the proverbially muddy roads and paths of the county. 
The footway from the road to the house was paved with 
ripple-marked sandstone flags, and occasionally the 



SUSSEX rOMESTIC AfiCHITECTUEE. 47 

boundary walla were formed of large upright slabs, 
clamped together with iron straps. 

A moat often surrounded farm-Iiouses; sometimes two 
or more were moated in a single parish, and thia was the 
case even when the dwellings were of small importance.-' 

Fish-ponds, or stews, were also frequently attached to 
the farmstead, The water supply was often obtained 
from wells in dangerous proximity to the " offices," 
which latter had generally a holly or yew growing near 
them, both for purposes of concealment, and because it 
was considered that these evergreens possessed anti- 
septic properties.'" 

The simplest form of house, and a very common one, 
was a parallelogram, having a middle portion devoted to 
the chimney corner in the centre of it, flanked on one 
side by the entrance lobby, on the other by the stall's 
winding round the chimney, and closed in at the bottom 
by a door. 

A Tery common arrangement of this oblong plan was 
to have two slightly projecting rooms at the ends, and 
the intervening space arched over in the chamber storey 
with curved braces, carrying the wall plates of the roofs, 
which then ran from end to end, the central parts being 
thus protected from the wet or sun by a kind of veran- 
dah. Many small farm-houses resemble the letter L in 
plan, the chimneys being placed at the junction of the two 
arms. When tlie quadrangular form was chosen the 
dwelling was often dignified by the name of "Hall," 
though the courtyard may have been of the smallest 
dimensions, as at Broomhall, Warnham; and "The 
Hall," Rotiierfield. Occasionally the house was placed 
at right angles to the road, a position now abandoned, 
but which gave more privacy to the inmates than the 
one in use of making it face the public thoroughfare. 
In many cases modern additions have been placed in 
front of the old work, entirely concealing the original 
features, as at Stone Farm, Warnham. 

u Al Beippr Cutlu, Koiit, t)ie niuut m aaid lo hare boen a double oue. 
f P«rba()a thia upinion ninj, iu aonie caaes, bave led to the preaonce of jawa in 
ehiirehjiirils i Ihej iiro naoally aontli of the charoh, wiicro bnriula were tho imwt 



48 SUSSEX DOMESTIC ARCHITECTURE. 

The farm buildings stood most frequently on the left 
hand, as one looks from the road, and this quite 
irrespective of the position of the house as regards the 
points of the compass; thus, in farmsteads facing a 
thoroughfare leading north and south, the yards and 
bams would be north or south, so as to be on the left 
hand of the dwelling. The bams were often raised on 
stone foundations, and with the roofs hipped or crop- 
gabled, the fondness of our ancestors for this kind of 
roof being very marked. Threshing with the flail is 
still carried on in many districts, not that the farmers 
despise the superior excellency of steam machinery, but 
because the practice keeps their labourers employed 
during the slack time of the year. Sometimes the farm 
buildings and house formed three sides of a square, the 
fourth being a high wall, in this resembling a favourite 
French arrangement. There is a good old example near 
Pulborough. 

In country houses and farms of any size the dove- 
cot was an important feature, and formed a separate 
erection. A good pigeon house remains at Berwick, 
and has been engraved in " Suss. Arch. Coll.," Vol. VII., 
p. 233,^^ and a quaint wooden one is at Burton Mill, 
near Pet worth. 

The farm-house interior comprised the spacious stone- 
flagged kitchen (often over capacious cellarage), the living 
room, and the scullery and dairy — the two former 
apartments generally with huge chimney corners, whose 
flues were often open to the sky, or else covered in by an 
inner hood, as at " The Noah's Ark," Lurgashall. In 
these corners were seats fixed to the end walls, or settles 
with high backs ; cupboards, or ovens, were sometimes 
formed in these recesses, and a place for drying bacon.** 

" Near Paxhill, at " Trimmen's, the ancient seat of the family of Wjatt, there 
is a curious specimen of an old dove-cot. It is a square building, and falling to 
decay, but in the internal walls there are no less than seven hundred cells built of 
brick, ranged in tiers. But this is nothing to one which belonged to the Priory of 
Lewes, which was a cruciform building looking very much like a church, and 
having no less than 2,500 cells for pigeons." " iSuss. Arch. Coll.,*' Vol. XI., p. 5. 

There is a fine circular brick dove-cote with conical roof at Rochford Hall, 
Essex, and an interesting one of the same shape at Hurley Priory, Berks. 

^* These ovens were often formed in tile work, built over wooden cores or 
frames, which were burnt away at the finishing of the work ; beautifully formed 




JJoor-cas e. «/ "0-i/-i h^m' 




JX~0-M.^^ 



SUSSEX DOMKSTIC AECHITECTDBE. 49 

The fire of wood burned on a slightly raised hearth of 
tiles or stone, behind which ivaa the fire-back to throw 
out the heat,"^' the fuel rested on cob or andirons, the 
former appealing to have been the simple wrought-iron 
supports for kitchen use, and provided with an open 
rack at the top of the standards to hold the fire-irons, 
they have also hooks for the spits to rest upon; the 
andirons were for the living and bettermost rooms, and 
of solid cast-iron in endless variety of design.'" 

Over the kitchen fire-place were two ornamentally-cut 
brackets, SLTving to hold the spits when not in use. There 
are good specimens at Stone Farm, Warnhara, and at an 
WiDii at Mockfords, Henfield. 

I Chimney-pieces were often extremely simple, the 
■iddest ones consisting of plainly chamfered or moulded 
Krched heads; a good medieval one is figured in " Suss. 
■irch. Coll.," Vol. VII., p. 127, and is at the Plough Inn, 
BBeaford. These early chimney-pieces had no mantle, or 
^mily a plain wooden shelf, over and independent of the 
ftest. There was, till recently, at the Norfolk Arms, 
BRoffey, a good Jacobean example with coats of arms in 
fthe Bpandrils, the design being partly Gothic, partly 
Hplassic; there are two similar in character at East 
RMaskells. Wooden chimney-pieces, the mouldings of 
which cautiuuc all round the fire-place opening, were 
often of bold and effective character; there is a good 
sweep of mouldings to an early 1 8th century one at Roffey 
Place, the ancient seat of the Copley family. A chimney- 
piece having painted Scriptural scenes, and of ElizabetEian 
4ate, is said to exist at Uckfield, and a beautiful one, 
■dated 1580, is at Moor Farm, Petworth. 

^■fatmlar orctis fur con feet ion nrj. so oongtmctecl. ora to bo seen in. tba muia ot 
Hp*ngbaro Plore. In auine lui^c Iioiuuh. ilii: spaou oinr tbo Gre-place trae derolei] 
Ho the {ormoliuii of h Becret cbuniber. Ac West QnusteHd was oue 80 locutod, ood 
HuiUireil bf uieaDs of L]j« elielvoe in on Biljoitiiiig cupbuarU boiDg used na ataira ; Iba 
^mU mo bvhiad tbo Siua in Ilie iilopi) ol Ibe roof, nnd tbo ceiling, blaokened by 
BjWiidlo Kinoke, would indic&te tbat the ApbrtmeuC bod been ocoapisd by Bome 
EinfaeM. 

■ ** Tbew fire-backs wero oooruionnlljr of great nuigbt and tiio, and vary tram 
tjWw rodMl kind of (imomenlatioQ to tbat of graal beam; and dcllcaieriQiB uf 
BWBMptloD I aomeumei Umy biiBrDiiiiiiinieiitaJ iaacnptions. Notiota of iLeae ulab* 
U» giTM in ■' Sau. Aroh. (.bll.," Vol. U. anil XXUI., with illualnaiunH. 

WP ** AndlCOMikSuieiiClji B|)elt andinie, /luntli/niru, hauadymns, iia. TUoy kreofMu 
BBntionod in old uilli. 

■ XXXIV. H 



50 SUSSEX DOMESTIC ABCHITECTURE. 

In many old houses in town and country, the stairs 
were, as before observed, carried up round the back of 
the chimney-corner, or between two partitions; the 
earliest staircases proper had massive carriages to which 
solid triangular steps were aflBxed. " When this feature 
became of more importance, it was constructed in the 
modern manner, but the flights were composed of a 
fewer number of steps, and had more numerous landings 
than at present, and from which the upper flights 
branched off in many cases at right angles ; the treads 
were often narrow, there being frequently a dangerous 
combination of winders ; a low gate was occasionally 
placed across the bottom of the staircase to prevent 
dogs from ascending, as at Amberley Castle ; in other 
cases there was a trap-door closing up the headway and 
hinged to the chamber floor, where it was secured by 
bolts, so that no burglar could gain the upper storey ; 
examples of this are at East Maskells, Lindfield ; and 
Broadhurst, Horsted Keynes; in the same neighbourhood. 

When the walls were plastered inside, the coat was 
much thinner than at present, and so mixed with hair, 
that it is more like a layer of felting. At Cowdray 
House the plaster work is only ^-inch in thickness. ^® 

Much old panelling exists in farm and town houses, 
often hidden under the wretchedest lath and plaster 
work, and papering; the oldest panels are oblong in 
shape, and have the linen-fold or a peculiar waved 
pattern, hardly to be described. There is, or was till 
lately, a finely panelled room at Roffey Place, the work 
having been taken from an earlier house than the 
present, the panels of linen-fold character set on 
moulded frames, the angles of which were slightly 
rounded. After the Gothic style had died out, the 

17 An example existed till lately at Broomhall. A farm-house at Tower Hill, 
Horsham, has a staircase of bolder design than osnal ; it is placed in the centre of 
the hall, from which it rises one flight, whence it branches off right and left to the 
chamber floor. A good newel, and mullion-like balusters, remain in the Priorj 
buildings at Linchmere ; thej are of Elizabethan date. The fine staircase formerly 
at Slaugham is engraved in " Sass. Arch. Ck)ll.," Vol. X. 

1* The plastering of partitions was anciently called " seeling.'' 
" A partycion thereyn seeled w' lyme and here/' — From ** Abstract temp. Her 
VUL" 




J\iuelim iit .nvr-ihani. 




^:a 



■ *- \ S^ Cs Shitrciitmn at) ,Si 



C ^t-MMittnt^ at ) ^S/titfolii.. 







SUSSEX DOMESTIC AEflirTECTtTBE. 51 

pRTiels became square in shape, and generally quite 
plain, enclosed in fratDing, the mouldings of which were 
not at first continued entirely round without a break, 
but the upritrht pieces had plain flat surfaces at their 
junctions with the horizontal ones. Old panels in both 
wall panelling and furniture, were fixed to the framing 
round them in a different manner to that employed ab 
present, as they had the back surface sloped or 
" feathered " off at the edges and sunk in grooves in the 
frames; modern ones have a square sinking all round 
the edges, instead of the feathering. "Where an apartment 
was panelled, it reached from floor to ceiling, except a 
line of narrow panels forming the cornice in which were 
arabesques or heads, flowers or foliage, as may be seen 
at Roffey, and Chesworth, Horsham. The cornice was in 
some early work wrought out of the constructional 
framing. At a farm in Warnham is a cornice of this 
kind, with good roll and battlement monldiugs, though 
the house was always of the humblest class. 

The earliest panel work formed also part of the con- 
struction. It afterwards was " applied" to the walls, and 
as a tenant's fixture became an item of bequest in wills. 

The inner doors were very similar to the outer ones in 
construction. They were set in solid cases, which were 
sometimes elaborately carved and moulded, as at Rother- 
field. The hinges were in the shape of the letter H, 
with the ends more or less of an ornamental character. 
There are two quaint " dumb porters" for keeping doors 
open at the Lewes Museum, formed of stone. In a 
great number of houses there were no plaster ceilings 
to the lower storey, but the rafters were exposed, wrought 
and chamfered; and, where the span required, tenoned 
into girders of large bulk. The appearance of these 
stop-chamfered beams is infinitely preferable to the 
white-washed simplicity of a modern ceiling, even if 
enriched with a plaster "centre ornament."* 

■> OocBBCmall; a aimplo annk anuuDeatation mu; bo mot with lu itiaoio&da or 
other Bgurea. 

" The iiliivr flopTB had tlie boatds raDDiog par&Ue! with the joiata, not at ri^ht 
•nelci to tbem br now, but let into gqniiro huuIc grooves, the joisu tbemselrca thus 
tomung put of the floor of the ohoiuber storey. 



52 SUSSEX DOMESTIC AECHITECTTJRE. 

Much of what has been written above concerning 
farm-houses will apply to those of towns. The height 
of the rooms and the number of storeys are occasionally 
greater, but the dwellings in general comprised only a 
low, ground storey and a chamber floor partially in the 
roof. Thus Horsham, till within the last few years, 
consisted chiefly of such houses, covered with single 
span roofs, continuing in an unbroken line the whole 
length of the streets, and healed with the local Stararaer- 
ham stone. The foundations were of rough masonry, as 
also the cellar walls ; the superstructures of half-timber 
or brick nog ; the party walls often only of lath and 
plaster. Nearly every town and village contains 
excellent examples, so that it is needless to mention any 
in particular. Lewes possesses several of the mansion- 
like residences of the more opulent townspeople. Cause- 
way House, Horsham, and that formerly belonging to the 
Dawtrey family at Petworth, are erections superior to 
the generality. There is also a house at the junction of 
two streets at Midhurst, which, although of no great 
antiquity, has a remarkably picturesque combination of 
a chimney shaft and two oriel windows. 

The wrought iron work of the last century has left us 
some beautiful specimens of the art of forging. There 
are two at Lindfield ; one the entrance gate to a small 
house, which has a crest cleverly worked in amongst 
scroll work and foliage ; the other, the bracket support- 
ing the sign of " The Tiger " Inn. 

The numerous sales by auction during the last few 
years have dispersed much of the quaint old furniture 
which had, in many cases, been in situ for many 
generations, and instances of farm-houses containing it 
perfect are becoming rarer and rarer. At Dedisham, 
JSlinfold, formerly the residence of the Tregoz family, 
there were till recently all the old fittings and furniture 
remaining. The most prominent article to be seen in an 
old farm-house was probably the table, round which the 
inmates were seated, the master and mistress at top and 
bottom on "joined stools" or chairs, the labourers on 
forms by the sides, this custom being still retained on 



SUSSEX DOMESTIC AnnHlTECTURE. 53 

many small farms; the table of massive oak framed 
work, often ten or twelve feet long, and carried on six 
legs connected all round by tlie bottom rail, the top one 
moulded or carved with iucised work. The table top 
was occasionally provided with a sliding board to lengthen 
it when required, after themaoner of a modern telescope 
one; the legs often elegantly turned, or of the bulbous 
vase shape of Elizabethan date.'' The table at Rother- 
field Hall is a good example with sliding top. Forms 
and stools had also ornamental] y-turned legs and moulded 
frames. The chairs were generally armed, and occas- 
ionally had the sides panelled and the top rail carved. 
They were few in number, even in the houses above the 
humbler class, their places being supplied by window 
seats, forms, and settles, the latter sometimes having 
panelled backs aud ornamental top rails. An important 
article of furniture was the dresser. This was like its 
present namesake in most respects, but bad the ends or 
standards cut to a pattern, and the space below the 
drawers closed in with cupboard fronts, instead of having 
a potboard. These doors were hung with polished brass 
H hinges, key plates, and drop handles, the drawers 
having corrcspondiog fittings, the effect of the whole 
being much superior to the article now in use. 

Cabinets, like chests of drawers on open arched 
frames, and of Georgian date are common; and are 
effective from the brazen fittings being usually prettily 
chased with flowers aud foliage ; but the construction is 
often faulty, showing " applied," that is, stuck on, mould- 
ings and other modern defects ; veneer of mahogany on 
oak is frequently met with. These old cabinets and 
chests had often concealed recesses or drawers, only to 
be opened by pressing a spring hidden in the construc- 
tion, escritoires and bureaus being also plentifully 
supplied with these secret compartmeuts, a small ISth 



II These balbons l^i nera of poor oonslrnctioii, beiog mado up of mtstsI 
pieoei, u at Ambcrlef (.'ojtlc. 
Tba iuvcutor; of gooils at ClieEWonb, tnkeu IMS, iau^ 
"Tublos ti. wiLh ireBtjtl 8ii<] Dtlwr porUtj'i-f ■ mjid formei icoidenC to ths aams 

11. < ■.': L' :.<i iiti.<iitioii o{ oixain ui the abave. 



54 SUSSEX DOMESTIC ARCHITECTURE. 

century cabinet in the writer's possession having four, 
two being in the partition board between the drawer 
and the pigeon-holes. 

Old wooden bedsteads are seldom to be met with com- 
pared with other fittings, but were generally four-posters 
with closed-in backs ; the valances, curtains, and quilts 
were often of linen embroidered with coloured thread, 
the patterns being of an extremely bold and effective 
character. The foliage and scroll work is very similar to 
that in early Norman illuminated MSS.^ 

Every house, farm, or otherwise, appears to have had 
at least one coffer, or chest, usually placed at the foot of 
the bed, and where it formed a seat. An engraving in 
Mr. Wright's *' Domestic Manners and Sentiments," 
p. 409, shows that the same custom obtained in France 
during the middle ages.^ 

These chests remain in very great numbers, and of 
every variety of design. The front was generally divided 
into three or more panels, most commonly the former, 
and furnished with a lock, occasionally of a complicated 
character, and only to be opened by those in the secret 
of its formation. In the majority of chests there was a 
box at one end with its own lid, which when raised 
supported that of the coffer itself; in this smaller re- 
ceptacle, money and small articles were kept, the rest 
being intended for clothes. Some chests were covered 
with leather, of a red or bright brown colour, and fixed 
on with ornamentally headed white metal nails, disposed 
in various elegant patterns ; they were often very care- 
fully constructed, the leather being fastened over an 
inner covering of linen. 

The use of rushes in place of bedroom candles is still 
retained in many farm households ; they are prepared 
from the Juncus Gonglomeratus^ or common soft rush, 

» Bedsteads were called " Bedsteddles/' and servants in the old times slept at 
the foot of the bed, as many of the London poor do now. In the ballad of '* The 
Lady's Fall/' we read :— 

She called up her waiting mayd 
That lay at her bedde's feete. 
*' These chests are often mentioned in old wills, as for example in that of John 
de Wodhons, dated 1845. He bequeathed by it to Alice Ck)nyers " Unam cistam 
longam stantem juxta lectum meum." — See '* Glossary Goth. Arch./' Vol. I., p. 9U. 



SUSBEX DOMESTIC ABCHITECTTTHE. 55 

wliicli grows in moist places, near brooks, or under 
hedges. Tbey are soaked io water, and then peeled, after 
which they are dried in tlie sun and finally sold at one 
shilling per pound. Before using they are dipped in 
refuse grease and again dried, about six pounds of grease 
being required for one of rushes. A good rush 2ft. Gin. 
long will burn for about an hour. Holders were made 
especially for these rushes, generally composed of two 
pieces of iron somewhat like a pair of scissors, the rush 
being held in the clip, the whole fixed on a circular 
wooden base ; these rush candle-holders are common 
also in Ireland. Besides the short one described above 
there were standard ouGs, about 4ft. high, to stand on 
the floor, and occasionally provided with a rack to raise 
or lower the light; these were made in wrought-iron, or 
of wood. 

Nearly every article of furniture used by our an- 
cestors was made more or less ornamental; even trades- 
men's business desks and common boxes were covered 
with carving, the design being often only slightly sunk, 
as in the Scandinavian " chip carving." Our forefathers 
were also fond of placing pioHs mottoes on articles of 
domestic use, such as drinking cups and the like; a 
skillet in Lewes Museum for example has on it, "Fere 
God," and it may be mentioned that " God's Providence 
House," at Chester, has its fellow in Sussex, as one at 
Nintield bears the inscription : — 

" God's providence is mine inlieriUnce. Esccpt the Lord build the 
bonee, llie; labour id rain thai boild it. Here we hare (1659) no 
abideiice." 

On the walls of many of the living rooms or 
" parlours '' of old farm-houses may still be found the 
samplers worked by the daughters of the tenants. These 
are worth a passing glance as they generally have quaint 
old couplets or verses worked upon them. One at a 
house on the borders of the county lias : — 



If wisdom's ways joa wisely aeok, 
These Ibings obserre with care. 

Of whom you speak, to whom you . 
And hdw, and when, aud where. 



ipeftk, 



56 SUSSEX DOMESTIC AECHTTECTUEE. 

The antiquity of the ideas expressed above must be 
very great as they occur in a couplet in a book of "Hours 
of B.V.M.," published at Paris, 1517 ; and a stone found 
in the ruins of Guildford Friary, in 1813, bore the fol- 
lowing inscription : — 

Si sapiens fore vis, sex serva qnsB tibi mando : 
Quid dicas, et ubi, de quo, quomodo quando 

Nunc lege, nunc ora, nunc cum fervore labora, 
Tunc erit hora brevis, et labor ipse levis. 

" Brayley and Walford's Surrey," Vol. L, p. 192. 

Another sampler had this, and was dated 1780 : — 

Return the benefits you receive, 
As far as your ability gives leave, 
Nothing is so unmannerly and rude 
As that vile habit of ingratitude. 

"With which excellent advice and sentiment this paper 
is brought to a close. 



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GARDEN A MOUSE 



MOVNT PUASANT 



THE CASTLE OF LEWES. 



Bx GEORGE T. CLAEK, Esq. 



* Lewes gives name to a Sussex rape, and like the other 
rapes in that Jutiah settled coiinty, possesses a Castle, a 
river, and a small port upon tbo sea-coast. The river, 
nown as the Ouse, rises near Balcombe, in the ancient 
treat of St. Leonard, and flows close east of the town, 
ix or seven miles below which it falls into the sea at 
'ewhaven. It is still navigable up to Lewes, and in the 
centuries preceding and following the Conquest, seems to 
have been the channel of considerable traffic. The Ouse, 
like the Anin, the Adur, and perhaps the Anton, per- 
petuates in its name the British occupatiou of the district. 
Biewes itself has been claimed as a Celtic name, tbough 
Km very insufficient grounds, but on the adjacent heights 
Biid ridges of the clialk are a few entrenchments, such as 
Iwount Caburn, aud more than a few sepulchral tumuli, 
known to have been the work of British tribes. The 
church of St. John " sub Castro" stands within an en- 
trenchment which, from its position on low ground, and 
its outline, tending to the rectangular, ia more likely to 
be Roman than British. Lowes, indeed, has been claimed 
as the site of an obscure Roman station named "Mutu- 
ftotonis," and Roman pottery aud similar relics have been 
idng up in and about the town, but the Raman colonists 
UBTerywhere pervaded Susses, aud the etymology of the 
moman station points to the banks of the Anton as its site. 
I Lewes, however, seems intended by nature for a place 
nf strength, capable of accommodating a large number of 
"persons in safety, and yet not so high nor so steeply 
scarped as to bo at all inconveniently inaccessible from the 
lower and fertile lands about it. No settlers in the county 
iCOuld have been blind to its advantages. Its main feature 
I XXXIV. 1 



58 THE CASTLE OF LEWES. 

is a considerable natural ridge or long knoll of chalk, the 
long axis of which, about. 3 40 yards in length, points 
north-east and south-west, with a breadth of about 100 
yards. Towards the north the ground rises very steeply 
from the plain about 80 feet, while the south front, rising 
from ground about 30 feet higher, has a less abrupt slope, 
and so is not unsuitable for the town which is built upon 
it. The greatest breadth is near the centre of the ridge, 
where is a spacious platform, while at each end the ground 
rises in a knoll, or natural mound, several feet higher. 
Whether the Britons took advantage of this natural 
strength to entrench and occupy it is unknown, but there 
are certainly no traces of such an occupation. All that is 
now seen in the way of earthwork is of one date, and 
may very safely be pronounced to be Saxon, that is to 
say, the work of one of those invading hordes from the 
shores of the Baltic who laid the foundations of the 
English nation. 

Nature had anticipated them in their favourite form of 
earthwork. Bach end of the knoll was, in fact, already 
a mound. All they had to do was to pare and scarp its 
sides and slopes, to isolate it from the intervening plat- 
form by a ditch, and to pile up the earth so removed upon 
the central space. By this means two very respectable 
moated mounds were formed, each conical in figure, with 
a flat top, and with its circular and circumscribing ditch. 
Of the mounds so raised, partly therefore natural and 
partly artificial, that to the south-west was about 130 
feet above the northern plain, and that to the north-east 
about 110 feet. The next step was to defend the plat- 
form intervening between the two mounds. On the north 
front this was effected by scarping the already steep slope, 
which thus became almost inaccessible. The southern 
slope, less strong by nature, was protected by a strong 
bank of earth thrown up along its crest, below and out- 
side of which was a formidable ditch, about 30 yards 
broad, and below and beyond it the ground occupied or 
to be occupied by the town. Here, therefore, was a 
moated mound with an appended and protected court, 
forming together tfaeBurh of the Anglo-oaxon chronicle; 



TnB PASTLE OF LEWES. 



59 



rity being that there were two mounds with a 
court common to the two. It i3 believed that there is no 
other so complete example of twin mounds, certainly none 
on so grand a scale, and of which each has been converted 
into a Burh. Of course the cause of the peculiarity lies 
in the natural configuration of the ground. Tliose who 
fortified it had no choice. They could never have con- 
fined themselves to one hill and eo have left the other to 
be employed as a ground of vantage against them. Only 
a powerful tribe could have held so extensive a work; 
only a very great Baron could have afforded to convert 
it into a Castle. 

The written history of Lewes may be said to begin with 
the foundation of a College in its suburb of Mailing, by 
Ceadwnll, King of Wessex. In the time of Athelstane 
the town was of sufficient importance to possess two 
mints, the adjacent ports being allowed but one. The 
Lewes silver penny is a recognized coin. In the days of 
the Confessor it is computed to have contained 1,900 
inhabitants-, of whom 127 were royal Burgesses, one of 
whose charges was to contribute towards the king's ships 
when employed in guarding the seas. Domesday makes 
no mention of the Castle, any more than of Tonbridge, 
also a very strong and early fortress, but when the Con- 
queror bestowed the Rape and Town of Lewes upon 
William of Warren, one of his most powerful barons, 
there can be but little doubt that he here found a fortress 
very much hke that he left behind him in Normandy, or 
that which he also acquired at Castle Acre, in Norfolk. 
No doubt also he proceeded with all convenient speed to 
fortify the existing earthworks, after the fashion with 
raaaoury, then coming iuto general use. Hero, as at 
Castle Acre, most of the still remaining masonry is evi- 
dently the work of either Earl Warren, or, at the latest, 
of his son and successor, and the Castle has beeu so little 
altered, that it is still very possible to trace out these 
earliest works. 

The southern mound, as the larger and rather more 
lofty of the two, was selected for the keep. Its 
ummit, oval in figure, 34 yards by 27 yards, already 



60 THE CASTLE OP LEWES. 

level, was crowned by a shell of masonry, including the 
whole area, from 10 to 12 feet thick, and about 24 feet 
high. In this case, as in many, perhaps in most other 
cases, the Norman builder seems to have thought that 
the great weight and breadth of the wall rendered a 
foundation unnecessary ; for here, as in the outer wall 
of Cardiff, the basement seems merely to have been laid 
upon the ground. This method of construction is, no 
doubt, faulty, since the favourite method of attack was 
by mine, and here the ground was artificial and there- 
fore easy to be penetrated. 

From the keep wall, at two points about 20 yards 
distant, and including about a fifth of its circle, two 
curtain walls branched off, one to be carried along the 
crest of the northern slope, the other along that of the 
southern : the one 200 yards, the other 240 yards, until 
they reached the summit of the eastern mound or 
Brackmount. In what they were terminated is not 
known. A mass of overthrown masonry shows that the 
curtain was carried to the top of the mound, and it is 
probable that this also was crowned with a shell of 
masonry. Some defence of the kind there must have 
been. Of these two walls, which thus included the 
central court of the Castle, only parts remain, from 
eight to ten feet thick. On the north face there are 
standing about 40 yards in length of this original, 
incorporated with a modem dwelling house. There is 
also a second fragment at the foot of the keep mound, 
and the line of the wall is there shown by a drop in the 
ground of about 10 feet, the ditch of the keep within 
and between the two walls being filled up to that depth. On 
the south front much more of the wall remains, and a 
part has only recently fallen. This wall, covering the 
weaker side, is rather thicker than the north wall, and is 
built against the earth bank which forms a ramp behind 
it. Thus the lower eight or ten feet of the wall is a 
revetment. It is about 24 feet high. Near its centre a 
flight of steps ascends from the ditch and leads to a 
passage cut through the earth bank into the Castle. 



TBE CASTLE OP LEWES. 



61 



M that ia there visible is modern, but it 

that this represents a postern communicating with the 

town. 

The main entrance was from the town, and remains 
but little altered. Originally it lay through a plain 
rectangular gatehouse, projecting inwards from the 

Mjurtain, as at Tickhill, Porchester, Pevensey, and at 
'irqu^s, near Dieppe. This gatehouse was about 30 feet 
quare, the walls being 10 feet thick, and the passage 

' through it being, therefore, 10 feet broad. The south 
wall is tolerably perfect; of the east wall there remains 
the lower teu to twelve feet. Nearly all the west wall 
is gone, and tlie whole of tho north or inner end with its 
archway. The outer, or original entrance, is a plain arch 
about 10 feet high to the springing and 10 Eoet broad. 
In each jamb is a bold rebate for doors opening inwards. 
There is a second smaller rebate on the inner face, pro- 
bably for ornament. The arch is semicircular with ring 

^atones of ashlar. The height of the portal has been 
reduced by the insertion of two courses of ring stones, of 

Pwhich the upper is cut to a point at the springing, reduc- 
ing it to the figure of a crescent. The inner ring is also 
thinned, but not to a point. This alteration seems of the 
Norman period. As the roadway is steep, the vault of 

i the archway also ascends, but has been cut away to give 
more head room, it is said in modern times. Tbe wall 

■above the arcliway is still about 35 feet high, and is 
quoined with ashlar above the level of the adjacent 
curtain. There was, therefore, an upper chamber, as 
at Tickhill. 

To this, the original entrance, has been prefixed a 
barbican. Two lateral walls, 14 feet apart, and six feet 
thick, were projected from each side of tlie original gate- 
way 24 feet. The eastward wall is in part modern. 
These walls abutted upon a lofty and handsome gate- 
house about 22 feet square at its basement, but having 
each of its front, or outward, angles at the first floor 
level, replaced by a cylindrical turret or bartizan 
corbelled out, but of very slight projection. In the 



62 THE CASTLE OF LEWES. 

centre is the entrance archway, having a drop arch and 
rather heavy mouldings of a Decorated character. 
Within, at the four angles of the passage, are corbels and 
the springers of moulded ribs, broken away or left 
incomplete. The outer archway was closed by doors 
opening inwards. Rather beyond the centre is a half- 
round portcullis groove, and close to the inner archway a 
second and bolder groove, for an inner and stronger 
grate. The inner archway is also moulded, but with more 
members, and of a more delicate character than those of 
the outer arch, as being less exposed to injury. The 
gatehouse has two floors above the entrance passage, with 
small windows of one light, front and rear. These have 
ogee heads and are of Decorated character. The upper 
chambers are reached by a well stair contained in a round 
turret applied to the north-west angle of the building. 
This is entered from the rampart-walk of the side wall 
of the barbican, but how this rampart was reached does 
not appear. The present way is over a plank bridge 
from the adjacent curtain betv^een the inner gateway and 
the keep. 

The front of the gatehouse towards the town is rather 
striking. At its summit there projects over the gate, 
between the side turrets, a bold range of machicolations, 
composed of six square apertures, or meurtrieres^ with a 
smaller angular opening at each end. Above, on the flat 
roof, these apertures are fenced off by a low thin parapet, 
over which the missiles intended for the defence of the 
gateway were to be lifted before they could be dropped. 
Such an internal wall is very rare indeed. This has been 
repaired, but enough remains untouched to show that 
it was original. The eastern of the flanking turrets has 
been pulled down, but of that which remains, the loops are 
peculiar. They are cruciform, but with a very short 
cross bar. The lower limb ends in a " bouton " ; the 
upper limb is simply roundheaded. The two lateral 
limbs are square ended. The drawbridge is now replaced 
by a causeway, but that there was formerly a bridge \? 
shown by a large stone sill below the gateway. Tb 



I oral 



TH8 CASTLE OP LEWES. 63 

barbican ia reputed to be the work of JoBd de Warren 
(Plaotagenet) the eighth Earl, in the reign of Edward 
the First. 

Entering the Castle through the barbican, and tho 
Norman archway in the curtain, on the left a passage 
teada along the top of the curtain, here at present very 
low, towards the keep. The curtain ia about ten feet 
tbick, and traverses the keep ditch, and near its base con- 
tains some slight herring-bone work in flint. The wall ia 
not above 10 feet high, and probably was as high again. 
The rampart walk here, as at Taraworth, lends acroaa 
tho ditch to the mouud of the keep. It ended in a small 
square tower, which stood partly in the ditch and partly 
in the skirt of the mouml, Eind the way to the keep 
seems to have lain through its upper part. A portion 
only of it remains. From this tower it is probable that, 
as at Lincoln, Cardiff, and Tiekhill, a steep flight of steps 
led straight up the mound, protected by the curtain. 
The present zigzag is modern. Unfortunately the wall, 
where the steps must have ended, is so damaged that 
little can be made of it, save tliat it is in the line of the 
curtain. Of the wall of the keep about half, that to the 
south, remains. It ranges from seven to ten feet thick, 
aud may be 25 feet high. The foundations of the broken- 
down part may be traced, and on the slope are large 
fragments of the wall. There are at present two mural 
towers incorporated with the keep wall, one to the south 
and one to the west. They are half-octagon in plan, 30 
feet broad, and of 15 feet projection. They havo no 
internal projection. Thoy are of tliree floors — a base- 
ment at tlie court level, a first floor at the rampart level 
of the curtain, and an upper floor. Tho basement has 
five loops, two raking the curtain. In the upper floors 
the loops instead of being as below, in the centre of each 
face, are pierced in the angles. The upper floor was on 
the level of the rampart of the curtain, and at tliis lovel 
the wall is reduced to a thickness of three feet, leaving a 
broad shelf to be added to the chamber within. The 
tirst floor was probably reached by a ladder ur wooden 



64 THE CASTLE OP LEWES. 

steps ; and at the upper floor level, at the junction of the 
tower curtain, there commences a well-staircase ascend- 
ing to the roof. The floors are all of timber. The 
entrance to the basement of each tower seems to have 
been by a door from the court ; the first floor was entered 
from the curtain. The towers are so set forward upon 
the curtain that the regular rampart walk, the allure, is 
continued behind them. At this time at the south tower 
there is a small turret with a well-stair applied to the 
north-east angle of the tower, and giving access to each 
floor. This is very modern, as is a porch over the 
entrance doorway. The entrance to the other tower has 
been enlarged in the style of James the First. These mural 
towers are very evidently additions, somewhat earlier 
than the Barbican, probably early in the Decorated, or 
late in the Early English period. There was another 
tower on the north front, the foundations of which have 
lately been laid open. There may have been a fourth 
tower at the junction of the south curtain with the keep, 
so as to cover the entrance from the main gate. 

A little east of the south tower there is a small doorway 
and recess in the wall, above a cesspit just outside the 
wall. This is all modern. Above the cesspit the wall 
has been laid open, and a horizontal cavity a foot square 
is seen. This, no doubt, contained a balk of timber, in- 
serted in the wall as a tie, a not uncommon precaution 
where the masonry is laid on artificial ground, and being 
very thick would take a long time to set and become dry 
and hard. Such ties were inserted into the late Norman 
keep of Rochester, and into the cylindrical Early English 
Tower of Bronllys, near Brecon. 

On the other side of the south tower, between the two 
towers, a vast fire-place and chimney are seen recessed 
in the wall, and above, at about fifteen feet from the 
ground, is a row of plain corbels, showing that here, as 
elsewhere, the lodgings in the keep were structures with 
a lean-to roof, leaving, as formerly at Windsor, and now 
at Leeds and York, an open court in the centre. The 
fire-place is of great size ; no doubt that of a kitchen. 



\ 



THE CASTLE OF LE^^^ES. 



65 



Probably it is not original, but Iiaa been excavated in the 
wall when the towers were added outside. 

Of the hall, chapel, garriaon, kitchen and lodgings in 
the great court of the Castle there are no remains above 
ground, nor is there any known well. The lodgings were 
certainly built against the north wall, near its centre ; and 
beneath Mr. Lucas's house, the north wall of which is 
the curtain wall of the court, is a very perfect Norman 
vault, quite plain, round headed, twelve feot in diameter, 
and about nine feet high. It is composed of square stones, 
and is of excellent workmanship. This must have been 
the cellar or store of some dwelling of importance, 
probably the lord's hall. The material mainly employed 
throughout in the walls both of the keep and curtain ia a 
rubble of clialk and flints, the latter being used alone for 
facing. The quoins of the Norman gate-house and gate- 
way are of ashlar, as are those of the barbican tower 
and the towers of the keep. It so happens that the 
exterior face of the wall of the enceinte, coincides very 
nearly with the division between the " Castle Precinct " 
and the parishes exterior to it, and thus where the wall is 
destroyed its actual direction may safely be inferred. It 
is probable that these boundaries are considerably older 
than the masonry of the Castle. It is remarkable that 
the precinct, and therefore the boundary lines, include 
only a segment of each mound, the greater part of each 
being excluded. It does not often happen, even iu keeps 
of the first class, and which were, from the Conquest, the 
seats of Norman barons, that the masonry actually exist- 
ing is of that early period. The shell keeps, especially, 
having been tolerably well fortified, after the older fashion, 
with timber, were often left, unaltered till the end of the 
eleventh or the beginning of the twelfth century. Hence 
it is particularly interesting to find at Lewes, and pro- 
bably at Castle Acre, as at Arundel, Cardiff and Lincoln, 
a shell keep of evidently Norman masonry, and here, as 
at Aiuudel, the interest is augmented by the preservation 
of the original entrance to the Castle, and of its con- 
nection with the keep. 



66 THE CASTLE OP LEWES. 

The Earls Warren not only possessed broad lands in 
England and in Normandy, but in the former country 
were the lords of three castles of the first class, each the 
centre of a very considerable estate, and dating from a 
period long antecedent to the Norman Conquest. These 
were Lewes, in Sussex ; Castle Acre, in Norfolk ; and 
Coningsborough, in Yorkshire. Lewes and Castle Acre 
were distinguished by shell keeps placed upon a moated 
mound, .and appended to each was a religious house, 
endowed richly by the Norman founder of the adjacent 
Castle. The third, Coningsborough, though less exten- 
sive, was probably the strongest of the three, from its 
position upon the top of a rocky hill, lofty and very steep, 
supplemented by earthworks of great magnitude at its 
base. The works at each of these fortresses were worthy 
of the wealth and power of their lord, although the 
tower for which Coningsborough is celebrated, and which 
still rises, a piece of masonry unequalled among English 
castles, above the waters of the Don, is of later construc- 
tion, though by a member of the same powerful family. 
Lewes was, in some respects, their chief seat, as its posi- 
tion near the sea coast, lay convenient for their passage 
into Normandy, where, almost up to the extinction of the 
family, their interests required great attention. Rye- 
gate, also a Warren castle, and a very important fortress, 
as placed between Lewes and London, is unfortunately 
less than a ruin, the very walls having perished, or very 
nearly so. 

The first Earl, William of Warren, the founder of the 
Castle and Priory of Lewes, whom Orderic describes as 
" virum bellicosum, animo ferum et corpore strenuum 
famaque praBclamm," married Gundreda, whose remains, 
discovered in the Priory chapter house, have been laid 
with due respect in a small chapel constructed to receive 
them. He was no doubt Earl Warine in Normandy, and 
was created Earl of Surrey by William Rufus, whose 
cause he supported, holding Lewes between the rebel 
castles of Arundel and Pevensey. He was not only the 
founder of the Norman Castle, but almost certainly the 



13 



r 



1 



1 



TOWM 




TOWC» 




o y 



y 



LEWES CASTLE 



AND 

EXCAVATIONS IN KEEP 



« R A V c 



/ 



m t m 



S^ult 0f Feet 



SCALE FOR CENERAL PLAN 



THE CASTLR OP LEWES. 



67 



t)uilder of its keep and enceinte wall. He died ia 1089, 
probably from a wound received before tbe castle of 
Pevensey. 

William, his son, tbe second Earl, distinguished him- 
self at the siege of Coucy, under Bufus. He probably 
put tbe finishing touch to the Nortnan defences of Lewes. 
He died in 1135, as did his son, also William, in 114f8. 
With him ended the true race of Warren. William of 
Blois, a natural son of King Stephen, married his 
daughter Isabel, and held the Earldom of Surrey and the 
hoBBtles, as did her second husband, Hamellne, natural son 
■of Geoffrey of Anjou. Tlieir son, grandson, and great 
grandson, Piantagenets by name, were Earls of Surrey, 
and are often called Earls Warren.' John, the last 
Earl, left a sister, Alice, wLo inherited Lewes and the 
other estates, and married Edmund Eitz Alan, Earl of 
Arundel, and afterwards of Surrey. Their great grand- 
son, Earl Thomas, left sisters only, whose beirs general 
were eventually tbe Dukes of Norfolk, Earls of Surrey, 
and the Earls of Abergavenny and De la War. The 
latter ia the present owner of tbe castle. 

The town of Lewes was walled as early as 1305, and 
had three gates — the west gate, the water gate, and the 
east gate. Parts of the town wall remain north of 
Brackmount and west of the keep mount, and as these 
point to the castle wall, this was probably the only, and 
indeed a very sufficient defence on the north aide. 

The ordnance survey of Lewes Castle to the scale of 
j-Js is admirable, and very correctly executed. This has 
been well supplemented by two vertical sections, longi- 
tudinal and transverse, by Mr. Fuller, of Lewes, under 
the Buperviaion of Mr. Somers Clarke, to whom the 
Sussex Archaeological Society is indebted for the super- 
intendenco of the excavations recently executed at the 
Castle and the Priory. The railway tunnel traverses tbe 
Castle hill from N.N.W., to S.S.E., passing below the 

' The battle of Levrea was (ougfat at no gre&t diataaoe From tbe town, in tha 
line of John, tbe ureDth Earl, who took port with tba King, frince Edmrd 
lodged at the Castle tbe nigbt before the battle, and the King of the Romana wu 



68 THE CASTLE OF LEWES. 

very centre of ibe fortress. AmoDg the manors attaclied 
to Lewes Castle by the tenure of Castle ^uard were 
several at a great distance from it; twenty-three in Nor- 
folk and four in SufFolk. They are described as held de 
castellatione de Lawes, de castello de Laquis, and " de " 
and " pro " escangiis de Leuis. 




SOME SUPPLEMENTAEY NOTES ON THE 
CASTLE OF LE\yES. 

By SOMERS CLARKE, Jon., F.S.A. 



In addition to Mr. Ci. T. Clark's paper, the following 
notes are offered descriliing the excavations which were 
made under his advice in tlie area of the keep in June, 
1884, and the results of which are shown in the corner 
of the general plan of the Castle area. 

It should bo stated that on this plan the outline of the 
enclosed area of the keep is sketched in. It is only along 
the north side, whore remains were found, that the 
measurements are exact. 

A trench was first dug across the area in the direction 
from the Southern Tower at D. to the fallen masonry at 
E.F. 

Another trench, marked D.D., was also dug at right 
angles with the fire-place, with a. hope of finding the 
foundations of the enclosing wall of the room which this 
fire-place must have served. Nothing whatever was 
found, and the trench was filled in. The sides of the 
mass of masonry (E.E.F.F.) were also laid bare. 

The excavations have led to no results of importance, 
and it will be therefore sufficient to explain the letters of 
reference on the plan. 

A. A. — Asblar stones drawn to a larger scale, in plan at N., in eleva- 
tion at 0. These stones formeJ llie lowest course of the jambs of 
A dooma;. Plast«r was found remaining on the face of the eastern 
rflTeal of tbo doorway and on tbe north side of the nail C. Tlia 
atones are probably of late Norman date. 

CO. — Coulinnons line of walling, broken off abruptly at the OBstcro 
end. 

B. — A great mass of fallen masonry. Bint, chalk, and mortar, similar 
in character to tlic general walling,' Eurronnding the area. 



70 SOME SUPPLEMENTAEY NOTES ON THE CASTLE OP LEWES. 

D.D. — Trenches. 

E.E. — East face of Tower with Ashlar facing. It is not improbable 
that this is the inside of the wall going down N.E. towards Mr. 
Lucas's bouse. The line E.F. is on a slight curve. The front 
(E.P.F.) is a finished face, but in flint-work; all the rest much 
broken. The portion E.E.F. seems in position. F.F. has tilted 
over towards the north, and masses of dSbris lie on the slope below. 

G. — Sundial. 

N. — Plan of Ashlar stones at A. A. 

O. — Elevation of same. 

P. — Remains of a return wall. Off the end of this a quantity of 
roughly square pieces of a red mineral substance were found, much 
like coarse tesserae^ very heavy, and smelling strongly of metal. 

The remains above described lay immediately beneath 
the grass. The floor level of the apartment into which 
the doorway at A.A. opened can have been not more 
than two feet below the present level of the grass. 

After these notes had been taken the trenches were 
filled in. 



Br W. H. ST. JOHN HOPE, M.A., F.S.A. 



THE AECHITECTUKAL HISTORY OF THE 
I CLUNUC PRIOKY OF ST. PANCRAS AT 
[ LEWES.' 

'■ There are probably few religious houses the account of 

! whose foundation is so clearly set forth as that of the 

great Cluniac monastery of St. Pancras, established at 

I Lewes by William de Warenne, earl of Surrey, eight 

\ centuries ago. Bere we are not dependent on the 

written tradition of some medieval chronicler, nor on the 

coloured narrative of an inmate of the house, but the 

whole history is unaffectedly laid down for us by the 

founder himself.^ 

At some time between the accession of William Rufns 
in 1087, and his own decease in the following year, on 
the representation of his Lewes monks that the original 
charter of 1077 founding the Priory had been sent to 
the mother house of Cluny, and that the prior and 
convent of Lewes had no title deeds or muniments to 
produce in evidence of their rights and privileges if any 
dispute arose consequent upon the unsettled state of the 
kingdom, earl Warenne drew up a second charter, con- 
firming to the monks of Lewes the grants and gifts he 
had made eleven years before. It is from this most 
singularly interesting document that we learn how and 
under what circumstances the monastery was founded. 

No better account of the foundation can be written 
than an English version of earl Warenne's own words.' 

' Bead ID the ArBlutectaral Section at tbe Lewea Uneling, Angiut Ist, ISS3. 
BepriuMd from lUe " Arclueulogical JohtukI," TuI. XLI, p. 1- 

' A rrrj guud ncooatii ol the Prior/ wiU be foaud ia Vol. II of " Siuiei 
ArDhaeolugicftI •^lleolioTia." 

■ For a tnuiBcriiii of iLe oiJgJQal iu Uie Cbutolaij, made eiprawlj tor tliit 
paper, aee Ap|ieudii, Mote A. 



72 THE ABOHITEOTURAL HISTORY OF THE 

" In the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost. 
Amen. I, William de Warenne, and Gundrada my wife, wishing to 
journey to Saint Peter at Rome, proceeded through many monasteries in 
France and Burgundy for the sake of prayer. And when we had come 
into Burgundy, we learned that we could not safely pass through on 
account of the war that was at that time between the pope and the 
emperor. And then we turned to the monastery of Cluny, a great and 
holy abbey in honour of St. Peter, and there we adored and sought St. 
Peter. And because we found the sanctity, the religion, and the charity 
80 great there, and the honour towards us from the good prior and all the 
holy convent who received us into their society and fraternity, we began 
to have a love and devotion towards that Order and to that house 
above all other houses which we had seen. But Dan Hugh, their holy 
abbot, was not then at home. And because long before, and more so 
then, by the advice of the lord archbishop Lanfranc, I and my wife had 
it in purpose and desire to found some house of religion for our sins and 
the safety of our souls, it then seemed to us that we wished to make it of 
no other Order so gladly as the Cluniac. So we sent and asked 
of Dan Hugh the abbot and pf all the holy congregation to grant us two 
or three or four monks of their holy flock, to whom we would give a 
church, which we built of stone in place of a wooden one, below our 
castle of Lewes, that was of old time in honour of St. Pancras, and this 
(church) we would give them, and so much lands and beasts and property 
to begin with whence twelve monks* could be there sustained. But the 
holy abbot was at first very adverse to us to hear our petition, on account 
of the distance of the foreign land and especially by reason of the sea. 
But after that we asked for licence from our lord king William to bring 
the Cluniac monks to England and the abbot on his part asked the king's 
will, then at length he gave and sent us four of his monks, Dan Lanzo 
and his three fellows ; to whom we gave all the things which we promised 
in the beginning and confirmed them by our writing ; which we sent to 
the abbot and convent of Cluny, because they would not send us the 
monks before they had our confirmation and the king's, which we 
promised them of all the things that we gave them. And so the Cluniac 
monks were given to me and my wife in England. But after the death 
of my lord king William, when his son William had come to England 
for the kingdom, and there had been much discoid concerning the 
kingdom and doubt about the end, and I myself in many dangers daily : 
Dan Lanzo the prior and my monks shewed me that my confirmation 
which I had made of the things that I had given them at first was at 
Cluny, and that they themselves had since no protection, and that by 
reason of the doubtful and future times I ought to make them every 
security for my gifts and grants. Which I willingly made by the advice 
of my faithful ones by this my other charter : " 

Then follows a recapitulation of various manors, tithes, 
privileges, immunities, etc., granted to the priory, after 
which the earl continues : 

4 A usnal number, representing with their head, Christ and the twelve Apostles. 



CLDNTAC PRIOET OP ST. PANGEAS AT LEWES. 



73 



laidee I will that my monks and my lieirs knon that when I and 
Gandradn asked Dan Hu);b the abbot, wlio liad come into Normandy 
to nynak with my lord tlie kmj?, to restore tis Dan Lanzo oor prior, ntioui 
he had krpl a whole year at Cliiny — whence we were bo incenEed that we 
ftlmost proposed to give up our undertaking, or to withdraw from them. 
■nil give onr church to u greater monastery — the abbot then also granted 
ns, and promised with much deprecation, that if Qod should increoae our 
house, he would make it aa one of the great (houses of the Order) after 
Dnn Lanzo'e death, or promotion to any higher dignity ; that when the 
monks of Saint Pancras should send to Cluny for a prior, they woald send 
to them as prior one of their better monks of the whole congregation, whom 
they knew to be more pioua towards the Order and the ruling of sonls 
according to God, and wiser towards governing the house according to his 
age. Baring the greater prior of Cluny, and the prior of Caritas. And that 
he shonld remain, and at no time be removed, unless there should be bo 
jast and manifest a reason that no one could reasonably gainsay ; and 
therenpon he nia<le for us his writing with his seal, which I have. And 
these things we asked for, because we feared that Dan Lanso, when he 
returned, would soon be taken away from us. because the king exalted to 
the dignities of the church the better men whom he could find, and, in 
onr hearing, asked the abbot to send him twelve of his holy monks, and 
he would make them ull bishops and abbots in the land of his inheritance 
which God had given him. And wc aUo considered beforehand that if the 
Blill new and tender hon^e often had a new prior and came into new 
hands, it wonid never attain to great growth." 

As in the case of many other great houses the later 
history of Lewes Priorj is remarkably scanty. Sundry 
items may be gathered from the Chartulary,* and others 
from a volume among the Cotton MSS. known as the 
' Annals of Lewes.'* The latter work, however, chronicles 
events relating to other monasteries of the Cliiniac Order, 
both in England and on the continent, and it is not 
always clear that Lewes is the bouse referred to. 

It will be more convenient to divide this paper into two 
sections — the first describing the church ; the second the 
conventual buildings. Curiously enough, of the church 
itself we have hardly any actual fragments, at any rate 
above ground, though almost all the historical evidence 
relates to it; while of the conventual buildings very con- 
siderable remains exist, of whose documentary history 
we are utterly ignorant. Another feature worthy of atten- 
tion is the remarkably clear way in which, even from the 



74 THE ABCHITECTXTRAL HISTOBY OF THE 

mere fragment of the entire ground plan we have been able 
to survey, it is possible to trace hbw the monastery was 
enlarged in various directions to meet the requirements of 
.increased numbers, and this, too, at periods very little 
distant from one another. 

There seems no reason to doubt that the first church of 
the priory was the one given by the founder to the first 
monks, which he described as " the church which we 
built of stone in place of a wooden one, below our castle 
of Lewes, that was of old time in honour of St. Pancras." 

As earl William came to England with the duke of 
Normandy, William the Great, in 1066, this church in 
1077 — when the priory was founded — could not have been 
more than a few years old, and it was doubtless large 
enough for the handful of monks who formed the new con- 
vent. Since, however, the founder had endowed the 
priory for twelve monks, the first church would not long 
suffice for the services of an increased number of brethren, 
neither was it furnished with the necessary conventual 
.buildings. And as it was the custom in all the Orders, 
first to build themselves an oratorium^ or church, and that 
of such a plan that the cloister and surrounding buildings 
could conveniently be added thereto, the founder's stone 
church, if not rebuilt, was probably enlarged by the 
addition of a choir and transepts, and a permanent circuit 
of offices attached to it. 

According to a charter of the second earl Warenne ^ 
this enlarged church was dedicated by bishops Ralph of 
Chichester, Walkelin of Winchester, and Gundulf of 
Rochester, that is between 1091 and 1098; a date that 
agrees well with the remains of those portions of the con- 
ventual buildings which were a continuation of the same 
work. 

Further endowments furnished the means for, and more 
monks neces8itated,additionalaccommodation; thechurch 
was therefore again enlarged and a corresponding exten- 
sion made of the conventual buildings. This took place 
during the life of the third earl, and the church was 
dedicated between 1142 and 11 47^1 

' Bee Appendix, Note B* 



CLUNIAC PBtflRT DP ST. PANCRAS AT LEWES. 75 

In 1229 tho Annals record that " tlie chapel of the 
blessed Mary was constructed anew, and the first mass 
celebrated in it on the vigil of St. Nicliolas."' Bat we are 
not told whether it was at Lewes or not. 

In 1243 occurs another diiliious entry. " On the day 
of the anniversary of lord VVilliain the earl, the founda- 
tion was laid in tho new work of our church." The men- 
tion of the founder's name seems to identify this with 
Lewes, though the place is not named, and a charter of 
1247 mentions one John who was magister operum ecclesie. 

Passing by sundry records of burials, to which I shall 
return shortly, we come to the year 1268, when prior 
William de Foville died, leaving amongst other bequests 
200 marks " to the finishing the two towers in the front 
of the church." 

This is the last record of any addition to, or alteration 
in the church, and the next step in its history with which 
we are concerned is its destruction. 

The priory was suppressed on isrovember 16, 1537 (29 
[en. VIII.), and three months afterwards by deed dated 

lb. 16, 1537-8, the King granted the whole of the site 
to Thomas, lord Cromwell. " The too infamous malleus 
manachoriim thereupon promptly proceeded to pull down 
the church, as being part of the monastery that could not 
easily be convened into cowsheds and piggeries. A 
most graphic account of the melancholy destruction of 
the great church has come down to us in a letter^" written 
to Cromwell by one of hia agents, who calls himself " John 
Portinai-i," but whose handwriting is strangely similar to 
thatof Richard Moryson, a well-known creature of Crom- 
well. The letter not only describes the mode of 
destruction, but is especially valuable from giving the 
approximate size and extent of the church. No apology 
is therefore necessary for giving it in full. 

> for rofsrcnoea to tbese and athet enlrie* see I^oalta. 

• Sen Aiipeodix, Note D. 

" Colt. MH. ClHCpati'B. G. it. 23a. The letter hpg already been printed in 
" Jjetteri teliiting to tlie Supppenaioa of tha MouulerleH '' (p. 18tt), edited (or the 
C«rodca Sooiutj bj rbutnna Wright, iHtS, bat ua tlie pcinted ovfy outiliuat Beverftl 
erram, lui entirely uevr, uid it i« hoped, oorrcot traaioript hew bceu luntle fur tbis 



76 THE ARCHITECTUBAL HISTORY OP THE 

My lord, I humbly corned my selfe unto y®' lordshyp. The lasto, I 
"wrote unto y®' lordshyp, was the xx*** daye of thys present monith, by 
the handes of Mr Wyliamson, by the wbych I advertised y®' lordshyp, 
of the lengthe and greatenes of thys churche, and how we had begon to 
pull the hole down to the ground, and what maner and fashion they used 
in pulling it down. I told y°' lordshyp, of a vaute, on the ryghte syde 
of the hyghe altare, that was born up, w** fower greate pillars, haying 
abowt it, V chappelles, whych be compased in w*** the walles, Ixx. stepes 
of lengthe, that is, fete cox. All thys is down a Thursday and fryday 
last. Now we are pluckyg down an hygher vaute, born up by fower 
thicke & grose pillars, xiiij fote fro syde to syde, abowt in circuferece 
xlv. fote. Thys shall down for o"^ second worke.^^ As it goth forward, 
1 woll advise y**' lordshyp from tyme to tyme, and that y^"" lordshyp may 
knowe w^ how many me, we have don thys, we browght from London, 
xvij. persons, 3 carpetars, 2 smytbes, 2 plummars, and on that kepith the 
fornace. ev'y of these, attendith to hys own office, x, of them, hewed 
the walles abowte, amoge the whyche, ther were 3 carpentars . thiese 
made proctes to undersette wher the other cutte away, thother brake and 
cutte the waules. Thiese are me exercised, moch better than the me 
that we fynd here in the contrey. Wherfor we must both have mo me, 
and other thinges also, that we have nede of, all the whych I woll w4n 
thys ij or thre dayes show y®"^ lordsbyp by mouthe. A tuesday, tbey 
began to cast the ledde, and it shalbe don w^ such diligece & savyg as 
may be, so that o' trust is y®' lordshyp, shall be moch satisfied w* that 
we do, unto whom, I most humbly corned my selfe, moch desiringe God, 
to mainteyn y**"^ helth, y®' bono*", yo' hartes ease, at Lewes the x xiiij of 
March 1537. 
y®' lordshyps servant John portinari. 

Under nethe here, y®' lordshyp 

shall see, a iuste mesure 
of the hole abbey 
The churche is in lengthe, GL fote. 
The heygthe, Ixiij fote. 
The circuferece abowte it, M.D.lviij fote. 
The wall of the forefronte, thicke x. fote. 
The thyckenes of the stepil wall x. fote. 
The thyckenes of the waules interno, v. fo. 

Ther be in the churche xxxij. pillars, standyg equally from the walles. 
An hyghe Koufe,^ made for the belles. 
Eyght pillars verry bygge, thicke xiiij. fo, abowte xlv. fo. 
Thother xxiiij, ar for the moste parte x fote thicke, & xxv. abowght. 
The heygthe of the greater sorte, is xlij. fo. of thother xviij fote. 
The heygthe of the roufe before the hyghe altare, is Ixxxxiij fote. 
In the middes of the church, where the belles dyd hange, an CV fote. 
The heygthe of the stepil at the fronte is Ixxxx fote. 

>^ It has been suggested that the destroyers commenced with the loftiest 
portions first so as to make the greatest show of destruction in the shortest 
time. 

12 Vaute erased. 



CLUNIAt! PEIOEV OF ST. TANCRAS AT 1 



77 



So complete does the demolition of the church appear 
to have been, that its very site passed out of recollection ; 
and it was not until three centnrios had elapsed that mere 
accident again brouglit it to light. 

In 1845, during the construction of the railway from 
Brighton to Lewes, a wide cutting was carried across part 
of the site of tho priory. It ran in an oblique direction 
from south-west to north-cast, passing over the sites of 
the kitchen, frater, cloister, chapter house, and part of 
the church. Sundry curious discoveries were made during 
its construction — amongst other finds being the leaden 
cists containing the bones of the fouuder and his wife — 
but at present we are only concerned with such as relate 
to the fabric. 

Mr. M. A. Lower, in a report to the British Archre- 
logical Association," after describing tho discovery of 
various graves, continues : 

" Up to tliia point no regular fomidations of Imildings could be made 
out. In ecreral places, luasaes of olislk hare been introduced into the 
natural soil for the purpose of making n hard bottom ; but though of 
VMt extent and depth, it does not appear what kind of maaonry ihcy 
supported. At the distance of some yards to the south-east, however, 
the traces of mosonry became more intelligible, and at length remains of 
trails became distinctly visible. The first regular apartment discovered 
was a room 36 ft. 6 ins. square, vrith a semicircular apsis on the east side. 
From tho foundation of the square basis of a pLlsr in the centre, and 
some appearances on the walls, it is pretty certain tliat this room had a 
v&ulted roof. At the demolition of lh« conventual bitililLngs, it would 
seem that undermining was one of the means of destruction resorted to. 
It seems that the earth nasexcavaled beneath the south-east angle of this 
•partnient, and hence tliat portion of the wall was thrown out of the 
horizontal line. Here was found the stone which formed the base of the 
central column ; it is of Sussex marble, 2^ feet sqimrc. The floor of the 
apsis was raided above the geneial floor of the apartment. The former 
liftd been covered with concrete, and the latter with figured tiles, some 
remains of which existed, but in so decayed a state, that they conld not 
be removed entire. On e part of the wall of the apsis viliicli remained, 
there were some slight traces of painting, representing tbe lower portion 
of a sacerdotal robe. Near the middle of tbe wall of the apsis wag an 
oblong well, neatly lined with chalk, measuring 3ft. iins. by 2ft, Sins., 
and 22 feet in depth. It had been filled up with earth and rubble, and 
must have been disused before the bailding was erected. 

" After this room, which may hnvo been the haptinteni or the tTtaaary 

" Journal of tUe BiiLlsti Arclnculoj^ical Aasuuiatioa," I., 365. 



78 THE AEOHITECTUEAL HISTORY OP THE 

of the convent, had been fully developed, the workmen employed by the 
Committee began, under my direction, to explore the ground to the 
northward, and soon laid open the apsis or chapel, bounded on the north- 
by a vast mass of flint work, apparently designed to support one of the 
piers of a tower. Proceeding in an easterly direction from this, three 
other semicircular chapels presented themselves. In some places three 
courses of ashlar were exposed, placed upon the loamy soil, and unsup- 
ported by any foundation. From the general direction of the walls, it 
can scarcely be doubted that they enclosed the choir of the great church 
of the priory. When the course of these walls had been explored as far 
as the chapel, all traces of building suddenly disappeared, and we have 
not been able to recover them. There are two steps rising towards the 
north, apparently into the nave of the church." 

Thus far Mr. Lower. We have also a more valuable 
record even than his report in a very careful ground plan 
of the discoveries made at the time by Mr. J. L. Parsons, 
who has most kindly placed it at our disposal. But for 
his energy and foresight all precise information would have 
been lost for ever, for the site of the buildings discovered 
now hangs in mid-air ; the line having been laid some 
feet below the foundations. 

Sines the discovery of the east end, a large fragment 
of the opposite extremity of the church was laid bare by 
the late Mr. John Blaker in 1849 or 1850 ; and the south 
jamb of the west door of the north aisle was discovered 
by us last year. 

From these portions and Mr. Parsons' plan, aided by 
an analysis of Portinari's letter, the entire plan of the 
great church has been laid down with some probable 
degree of accuracy by my friend Mr. Somers Clarke, 
Jun., F.S.A., who has ingeniously interpreted the vague 
language of the letter by a careful comparison of con- 
temporary buildings. 

Beginning at the east end, Portinari speaks of 
** a vaute, on the ryghte syde of the hyghe altare, that 
was borne up, with fewer greate pillars, having abowt it, 
v chappelles, whych be compased in with the walles, Ixx 

oes of lengthe, that is, fete ccx," and it continues, 
ow we arepluckyngdowne an bygher vaute, borne up 
:bwer tbicke & grosse pillars, xiiij fote from syde to 
3, abowt in circumference xlv. fote." It is clear, 
refore, that the church had a greater and a lesser 



CT.CNIAO PRIORY fiP ST, PANCEAS AT LEWES. 79 

Anuisept, and the two seta of four piers supported the two 
crossings. The eastern transept we know, from excava- 
tions, to have been about 106 feet long, with an apsidal 
chapel opening ovit of each arm. The crossinnf itself was 
apparently surmounted by a lantern 93 feet liigli to the 
vaulting, or 30 feet higher than the main vault. Eastward 
of the crossing the church terminated in a semicircular 
apse encircled by an aisle, with the beautiful feature, so 
rare in England, of a corona of apsidal chapels, five in 
number. The discovery of three of these is described by 
Mr. Lower. 

At the south end of the eastern transept was the 
apartment described as t!ie baptistery or treasury. There 
are, however, no grounds whatever for identifying it with 
either building, and there is little doubt that it wa3 the 
sacristy. It was furnished as usual with an altar, and 
opened by a narrow doorway into a passage nine feet 
wide, forming a covered way from the infirmary to 
the church, into which there was an ascent of several 
steps. 

Proceeding westward four bays from the eastern 
crossing, we reach the great transept; but before de- 
scribing it a digression is necessary to say a few words 
about the high altar. 

In attempting to fix the position of this important 
feature, we are confronted with a difficulty. Portioari's 
letter describes the vault of the upper crossing as "*on 
the ryghte syde of the hyghe altare." Now it is possible 
to make " ryghte syde " east or west of any point 
according as one faces south or north. Supposing then 
that the worthy visitor entered the church by tlie passage 
from the infirmary (where he was doubtless living at the 
expense of the convent on the fat of the land) ; if the 
altar stood on the line of the first bay west of the upper 
crossing, wliere it probably did originally, then the 
crossing would be on his right hand, and beyond the 
altar. But one of the items at the end of the letter, 
giving a '* juste mesure of the hole abbey," states that 
" the heygthe of the roufe he/ore the hyghe altare is 
Ixxxxiij fote," and since the list itself seems fairly trust- 



60 THE ABCStlTECTUBAL HISTORY 0^ THE 

worthy, from analogy with other churches having double 
transepts, such as Canterbury, Lincoln, and Salisbury, we 
must place the high altar at Lewes beneath the eastern 
arch of the upper crossing : the vault will then be before, 
that is, in front of the altar. The difl&culty lies in 
reconciling two apparently contradictory statements. We 
must either look upon the text of the letter as written 
solely for the purpose of creating a favourable impression 
on Cromwell of the zeal with which his miscreants were 
destroying God's sanctuary, and therefore as being more 
or less loosely worded as to details ; or we must interpret 
the phrase " ryghte side" to mean the front of the altar 
in contradistinction to the " back syde " or '* wrong side." 
The table of dimensions was probably added from a 
careful survey made to ascertain the exact value of the 
lead and ashlar, and may therefore be looked upon as 
fairly correct. 

The great transept was about 116 feet long, and 
probably aisleless, with an apse opening out of each wing. 
The piers supporting the main crossing are described as 
forty-two feet high, and the vault above them " in the 
middes of the church, where the belles dyd hange " as 
105 feet. 

Of the nave we at present know nothing. Its site lies 
beneath a lawn and a kitchen garden, and some day wo 
may hope to excavate there. Meanwhile we must rely 
upon Portinari's dimensions. He says " Ther be in 
the churche xxxij. pillars, standyng equally from the 
walles,'* and proceeds to describe them as " Eyght pillars 
verry bygge, thicke xiiij f o, abowte xlv fo. Thother xxiiij, 
ar for the moste part x fote thicke, & xxv abowght. The 
heygthe of the greater sorte is xli]\ fo. of thother xviij 
fote. The thickenes of the waules interne, v fo." 

The eight great piers undoubtedly belong to the two 
crossings. They were forty-two feet high and probably 
carried semicircular arches, which from the width of the 
church measured about fifty-four feet from the crown to 
the pavement. 

To satisfactorily dispose of the remar ' 
piers, we must take the evidence ^^ 



Cl-imUO PltlORT OF ST. rANCBAS AT LEWES. 81 

iofr, the catlicdral church of Chichester. From the length 
of the church of Lewes, and the dimensions assigned to 
the piers and walls, it seems tlint, like Chichester, the 
arches were practically holes cut through a wall, and the 
piers intermediate solid masses of masonry about ten feet 
thronp;h from east to west and five feet thick, or approxi- 
mately, as Portinari, says " xxv abowght." Allowing 
twenty feet from centre to centre of each bay, we dispose 
of our twenty-four piers thus : allotting four piera to the 
great apse, and six to tlie inter-transeptal area, there are 
fourteen left for the nave — which exactly fulfil our re- 
quirements. 

The nave and choir would originally be covered with a 
flat wooden ceiling, afterwards replaced by a pointed 
vault sixty-three feet to the ridge, or nine feet higher 
than the crown of the tower arches. 

The last item in the list of dimensions states that " The 
heygtlio of the stepil at the fronte is Ixxxx fote." This 
' stepil ' was a western tower occupying the centre of the 
front as at Ely and Bury St. Edmund's. The southern 
half of its base was uncovered by the late Mr. John 
Blaker some thirty years ago, and is still open for in- 
spection in a garden at the back of the Crescent now in 
Mr. Parsons' occupation. It is very much thrown over 
and distorted, consequent upon the treatment the build- 
ing met with at the hauds of the worthies who destroyed 
it. The door jarab at the west end of the north aisle, 
which wo laid bare last year, had a massive Purbeck 
marble plinth, carved with a kind of arcade, from which 
the jamb shafts rose. While however this marble block, 
being outside the door, was in a perfect state of preser- 
vation, the Caen stone ashlar work within was in many 
places shivered and reddened by the action of fire. It 
seems therefore that Portinari's minions wrought their 
work of deatructiou in the manner he describes, *' x, of 
^e m, hewed the walles abowte, amongo the whyche, 
■ were 3 carpentars, thiese made proctes to undcrsette 
r the other cutte away, thother brake and cutte the 
the wooden props were then aet fire to, and 
Trained walla fell in with a crash, wbich must 



82 THE ARCHITECTURAL HISTORY OF THE 

have been music to their sacrilegious minds. The 
western tower stood within the last bay of the nave, and 
the remaining fragment shews that it was not open to 
the aisles, but the solid walls were covered with an 
arcade. 

The ground plan so far as we have now gone consisted 
of a nave and aisles of eight bays with a western tower 
in the middle of the front ; a great transept, aisleless, 
with an apse in each wing, and over the crossing the bell- 
tower; a choir and aisles four bays long; an eastern 
transept with an apse in each wing ; and beyond this the 
great apse, with an aisle surrounded by five apsidal 
chapels. This eastern part of the church must have been 
a thing of exceeding bea-uty, both from within and with- 
out. 

The whole church was 405 feet long internally, or 
almost exactly equal in length to Lichfield cathedral 
church. 

We must not lose sight of the fact that this was a 
building of gradual growth. It is almost certain that at 
first the monks' church was the newly built one dedicated 
to St. Pancras, which was given them by the founder. It 
is also more than probable that this was found too small 
an oratory for an increased number of monks, and con- 
verted into a monastic church by building a choir and 
transepts. Now one striking feature about this great 
church of Lewes is its narrowness in proportion to its 
length. Most of our large Norman churches exceed 
thirty feet in the width of their naves, but Lewes could 
not have exceeded twenty-four feet ; dimensions only 
approached by the sister houses of Castle Acre and 
Thetford, and the cathedral church of Chichester, which 
measure twenty-five feet. But while Castle Acre and 
Thetford have a total width, including the aisles, of sixty 
feet, Lewes was only fifty-four. Since we have not yet 
seen any remains of the nave, the question must rest 
entirely upon conjecture, but it occurred to me, while 
looking about for a reason, that the cause of this narrow- 
ness was the pre-existence of the founder's church, with 



CLUNIAC PRIORY OF ST. PANCEAS AT LEWES, 06 

"hich the earliest additions were iocorporated, before it 
was itself re-built. 

As the only actual portions of the great church to 
which we have as yet had access in our time are the 
extreme east and west ends of it aa finally reconstructed, 
we cannot ascertain the exact point where the building 
was first enlarged. From analogy with contemporary 
buildings, wo should expect the church, after tlie first 
additions to the founder's, to consist of an eastern arm 
with aisles, three bays long, with an apse (cp. Cliichester) ; 
an aisleless transept with apse in each wing, and a bell 
tower at the crossing; and a nave and aisles six bays 
long — tbe whole being a little over 200 feet long inter- 
nally, or an average sized monastic church. The evidence 
for tlie extent of the nave seems to rest on slightly 
stronger grounds than analogy. In examining the giound 
plan one thing which is at once seen to be anomalous is 
the decided oblong shape of the cloister, for, with the 
exception of a few instances due to exigencies of site the 
cloister of a monastery is invariably as nearly as possible 
square. Looking at the fact too, that the frater had 
obviously been lengthened, as well as the church at its 
western end, the evidence becomes tolerably conclusive 
that the Lewes cloister was originally square, or nearly 
so, and that, as at Castle Acre, the nave whs only equal 
in length to the cloister alley, or at most did not extend 
more than one bay to the west of it. This gives us a 
nave of five or six bays, which, though it sounds a small 
number for a Norman church, where the average number 
is seven or eight, yet if the relative dimensions of pier 
and arch be borne in mind, the five or six bays will be 
found to take up aa much length as seven or eight of 
such work as we see at Rochester or Southwell. Accord- 
ing to a charter of William, the second earl of Wareuue, 
this first monastic church was dedicated by bishops 
Ralph of Chichester, Walkeliu of Winchester, and Gun- 
dulf of Rochester — that is between 1091 and 1098, the 
actual year not being given." 

" See Apiieodii, Not* B. 



S4 THE ABCHITECTURAL HISTOBY OP THE 

About the same time that Liewes was being enlarged 
from the little church of St. Pancras into a more con* 
yenient monastic one, the mother church of Clunj was 
undergoing extension. The new works, which were 
dedicated in 1131, included that feature so exceedingly 
rare out of England, an eastern transept, with two apses 
to each wing, and a great apse with corona of chapels. 
The increasing importance of the priory of Lewes soon 
made the monks desire to enlarge and glorify their 
church too. So they began, as usual, at the east end, 
and taking the new work of the abbey of Cluny as a 
desirable model, added to their presbytery an eastern 
transept, with an apse in each arm and a lofty lantern at 
the crossing ; and beyond this an apse with five apsidal 
chapels encircling its aisle. The nave was also ex- 
tended westwards four bays, and a massive tower built 
in the last bay, thus occupying the centre of the front. 
Then the church was solemnly dedicated, so we learn 
from a charter of the third earl of Warenne,,^* the con- 
secrators being Theobald, archbishop of Canterbury; 
Henry de Blois, bishop of Winchester ; Robert, bishop 
of Bath, who was once a monk of Lewes; and Ascelin, 
bishop of Rochester. The exact year is not given, but 
the consecrators' dates fix it between 1142 and 1148. 

In 1229, according to the Annals " the chapel of the 
blessed Mary was constructed anew, and the first mass 
celebrated in it on the vigil of St. Nicholas " ;^* but it is 
not said to be at Lewes, and as before noted, the entry 
may refer to another house altogether. Still, we know 
there was a chapel of our Lady here, and further its ap- 
proximate site, for the will of Richard, third earl of 
Arundel and Surrey, dated December 5th, 1375, directs 
mass to be said daily in the priory of Lewes, for the 
repose of his soul, "in the chapel of St. Thomas the 
Martyr, or else in the "chapel of our Lady on the north 
of the great church." " Probably this chapel lay east 
of the north arm of the great transept, as at the 

^* See Appendix, Note C. 

" m°.co°xxix*'- Conetmota est de •inella ie & in vigilia sanoti 

Kicolai prima missa oelebrata eat ^' 
" Test. Vetust. p. 94. 



CLUNIAC PBIOEY OP ST. PANCBAS AT LEWES. 85 

Bister house of Thetford and at Canterbury, or it may 
have followed such arraugcmcuts as those of Ely and 
Tewkesbury. 

In 1243, "on the day of the auaiversary of Lord 
William the earl, was placed the fouudatiou in the new- 
work of our church." " Thus the Annals, but though 
Lewes is not mentioned, the founder's name probably 
points to this house, and we find in 1247 one John, 
maginter operiim ecclesi'e, witTiessing a Lewes charter.'* 
We do not know what this novum optts was. 

In 1268, Dan William de Foville, prior of Lewes, died 
and bequeathed to the monastery, amongst other items, 
" two hundred marks sterling towards finishing the two 
lowers at the front of tiio church." ^ All previous writers 
have assumed these to be a pair of western towers. But 
we know there was only one western tower, and that in 
the centre of the front. Unless, therefore, a pair of 
stair turrets flanking tlio west front, like those at Ely 
and Lincoln, be meant, the word " front " must be 
restricted, in its medieval sense, to the east end, and 
the two turrets may be a pair flanking the great apse. 
Compare the towers in a similar position at Canterbury. 

Wo have now come to an end of both our documentary 
and architectural history of the fabric, but there remain 
a few records of burials, &c., which throw a little light 
on the arrangement of the church. 

The previous mention of chapels of St. Thomas and 
the blessed Virgin Mary implies the existence of altars 
to those saints. In 1238 we meet with the gift of a 
messuage to the altar of the Holy Cross in the great 
church." This altar doubtless stood against the centre 
of the roodloft. It was the scene of a miraculous cure in 
1260, in which year, on the day of SS. Processus and 
Martinian, a certain infirm man who was crippled in an 
arm and both knees was made whole at the Holy Cross 

I'lUij". Id die annirBraarij doRiini WiUelmi Comitia [iDsltuiu esL f aada 

I noTo opere ecclosia uoeCre. (. lG8i, 
* Ch«rtul«Ty, f. 
"■ " Iteip ad dou torreB iu tcoate eccleiiie porGoieiulaB, oo marou-iterluig.' " 

Mis. t. unit. 

' " Ad sitare tancie orucis iu mogua ecclesia.'' — Cliarlultr/, (■ 65. 



86 THE AEOHITECTUBAL HISTORY OP THE 

of St. Pancras at Lewes.^ In 1262 the Annals record^ 
the death of one John de Gatesdene who was buried be- 
fore the altar of St. James, but the name of the monas- 
tery is not given. In 1341, Sir Edward St. John was 
buried in the chapel of St. Martin.^* By his will, dated 
1374, William Laxman desires his body to be buried 
" before the image of the Crucifix situated in the north 
part of the same church, and which has been newly 
painted."^ In 1379 Sir John de Arundel wills to be 
buried " in the priory at Lewes in the great church there 
under an arch near the funeral chapel." ^ In 1385 Dame 
Joan St. John desires to be buried in the chapel of St, 
Mary near her husband." The will of George Neville, 
lord of Abergavenny, dated July 1, 1491, desires his 
body to be buried on the south side of the altar, " wliere 
I have lately made a tomb for my body." ^ A bull's 
head in brass, part of the heraldic decoration of this 
tomb, was discovered during the excavations of 1845. 
Under the south arch of the eastern crossing was also 
found a grave with the leaden hidla of pope Clement VI., 
beneath the skull of the deceased. It has been sug- 
gested that this marks the sepulchre of John, the last 
earl of Warenne, who died in 1347, and had been ex- 
communicated by the archbishop for gross immorality. 
Dugdale records that he " lieth buried alone under a 
raised Tomb, near the High Altar." ^ In 1492 Sir John 
Falvesley is said to have been buried on the left hand of 
the image of St. Pancras.** We have also record of the 

*' m°co°l°. . In hoc anno die sanotorum processi & martiniani qnidam infirznns 
quasi oontractos de brachio et ambabns (sic) genibus sanabatur ad sanctam 
cmoem sanoti pancracij de lewes. — Anuals, f., 169a. 

'' m° co° Izij. " Obiit Johannes de Gatesdene in vigilia sanoti pasohe & in die 
mercnrii postea positus fnit in terra ante altare sanoti iacobi.^ — f . 170a. 

»♦ Add. MS. (Bnrrell) 5706, f., 177. 

>A " Corpnsqae meum ad sepeliendnm in eoclesia Frioi*atns de Lewes videlioet 
coram ymagine oracifixi sitnata in parte boriali eiusdem eoolesie et qae no?iter est 
depicta."— Suss. Aroh. Coll., XXV., 149. 

»8 Test Vetust., 106. 

*7 Test Vetnst., 120. 

w Test Vetust., 406. 

29 *♦ Dngdale*s Baronage," p. 82. This and other entries are given by Dugdale as 
from the Register of Lew^s in "Bibl. Selden An." 1650 ; but 1 have not been able to 
trace the MS. The Editot^^ of the last edition of the " Monastioon " state it is iden. 
tical with the Chartulary iii the Cotton MS., but this is an error. 

«» Add. MS. (Burrell), 67«6, 6 177. 



CLUNIAC PEIOItY OP ST. PANCHAS AT lEWES. 



87 



burials of numerous persoQs before or near tho high 
altar. In 1240 Maud, second wife of William, fifth earl 
of Warenne, "was buried in the midst of the Quire in 
tho Abbey of Lewes before the High Altar." *' In 1255, 
the countess Alicia, widow of the sixth earl, was buried 
before tlio high altar ; ^ and in 1286, her son. Sir 
WilHam de Warenne, was buried by the archbishop of 
Canterbury " before the high altar on the left side beside 
his mother." '^ Dugdale also records the burials of Joan, 
wife of the last-named Sir William, who died 1293, 
"and lieth buried with her husband before the High 
Altar at Lewes, under a high Tomb";** of John, the 
seventh earl, who died 32 Edward I, "and was buried in 
the midst of the Pavement in the Quire of the Abbey of 
Lewes, before the High Altar, with this Epitaph upon 
* 'a Tombstone: 



' ' Vona qe passer on bonclie close, 
Prier pur celj ka cy repose ; 
£ti vie cgme voua esli ja<lis fn, 
Et votiB tiel, furrutz cttme je sii ; 
Sir Johan Count da Uaretine gist ycy ; 
Dieu do sa alrao eit mercy. 
Ky pur ga Bime priera. 
Trois mill jours Je pardon aviTa.' " ■"■ 



We now come to the conventual buildings, the remains 
or which are fairly extensive. They have an especial 
interest as affording us an excellent illustration of the 
manner in which the growing needs of an increasing 
convent were met by adding to and reconstructing an 
existing group of buildings. 

It is however somewhat curious that no systematic 
;ftttempt has hitherto been made to describe either the 
"lUildiiigs themselves or their architectural history. 

The original site granted by the founder to his monks 
appears to have consisted mainly of an elevated ridge, of 
no great width, running east and west, and lying between 



"Dngd. Bar..''p. 77, 
'■ AnnaU." 1. 189 6. 
" AdM lukgnom utUrDiiiaiDiatia iiarte ii 



-" Anuilij" t. 



i^^ r _Sr >a«r. Zl nSB ^Ottci. 



— " rtT "Zin -"—2 — t- iillT?^ ~H 1 'l! f?t m^ 






t»T 



i!i :9m sue of 
iiire' ran ncmr tite- 



-. -, ' "".irr ^JL^^-, T "1.- r*:'zzzL 'z ^'zi2^ f^-ra Tne J:i3iie 






7 ; :.i -:e !:.:i..r-i.Ti .■Lci^r'fr x-is 7Lxc*?»i jariie »ach 
<*<>, ',r :*i*i 2aT^ IE "Lit* lii ir^ii : x-.rii riie r::«ac rr^nsept, 
v,#i ''^z ris tn I'liazr-zr ictlx • in.'i rlie i^arrraiear called 
.'%7 .t.cmt, Or-ier* :f r'rirl.ioa iie --c -r-aTr. ram. zzrznhi^ the 

f//f'0r,\ T^a ^iie i-^7J tV^/^.Tz. "ixrcctirz:^ ri:.^:a:i :ip no the 

ff^/f"^^ a r:.^^,;w:i:rd bni^Iizir ir;rr:av:r:t:C br i bridge. 
.^/'/**r, r.f •r..^ clci-'e? :«^rr»r :j.e >r-*r-r. t.Ti fracer) and 
^//f'itf'/i r^/jolyirii r^ri.ar kirche:: : azd en :ce west the 
t^uyt', i.r,(\HT r,}.e care of r'ne cellarer callec ihe Miarium. 
Tf.'; <///r/'*>/^ infrrt'iTum^ or abcce of sick and infirm 
rr»/'/T,lf3i, wAH \>\Hf'j'A to the east of the clausrral buildings. 
Ail t.K*; ofii^jr offiOLi^, auch as the almoanr, guest houses, 
\^Vjrj^ \frf:7tf:ry^ and stables, lay to the \rest in the outer 
f'^fHtlf 7/hif:\i wa.H ^;ritered by a large gatehouse set in the 
ifttt \uf'X 7/;ilI ^;TKy>rn parsing the whole of the monastery. 
1 li'i \int,r yj'^iiuiH to have slept in the common dormitory, 
hi hn/ inlf at fir.Hf.y and did not occupy a separate 

" tf,m'f\nt*i ifi /|iffi rri//riiiNf/'rirjm Ritnm est.** See Appendix. 
A j'ff '^*'if fiftniii' I tuni: t^r,urn at liattlc abbey, where the site of the high 
WAN lnt*\ hy thfi \t\utA\ iit fiarold'f death, on the famous hill of Senlao. 
ih¥ vth*Att i,f OiA tUniiiiiorj if carried on a magnifioeni aeries of nndecorofte. 



CLUNIAO PEIORY OP ST. PANC'BAS AT LRWES. 89 

dwelling. I cannot say whether the novices had a special 
portion of the buildings allotted to them or not. 

The cloister of Lewes priory, unlike the generality of 
examplea, which are more or less square, was decidedly an 
oblong. The south-east angle was opened out in the 
railway embankment during our diggings last year, and 
the south-west angle in 1845; the other two remain 
buried. "VVe can nevertheless ascertain the extent with 
tolerable certainty from other data, and find it measured 
about 90 feet from north to south, and 130 feet froraeast 
to west. There is however no doubt that originally the 
cloister was pquare ; but why was it enlarged ? and why 
was its shape altered ? The first question is easily 
answered, because the increased number of monks made 
it necessary to provide more room for them in the cloister, 
where they actually lived and spent much of their time, 
and which had been built of too small a size in the first 
place for a large convent. For the explanation of its 
altered shape we must return to the description of the 
site. Between the south wall of the nave, and the 
abrupt descent of the ridge on which the priory stood to 
the alluvial flat, there was only sufficient room for the 
cloister ; for even the frater had been built out on an 
undercroft, AVhen therefore the enlargement of the 
cloister was projected, it was evident that if, simply to 
preserve its square form, an extension was made south- 
ward as well as westward, too great expense would bo 
incurred in rebuilding or otherwise altering the frater as 
well as the cetlarium. Tlie cloister was therefore extended 
bv rebuilding the cdlarliim further west and lengthening 
the frater, thus altering the square form iuto an oblong. 
And since the alley of the cloister which adjoined the 
nave of the church was the monks' day apartment, this 
way of meeting the case gave the needed accommodation 
for the brethren. These alterations must have taken 
place about the middle of the twelfth century, in continua- 
tion of the work of enlarging the church. The 1845 
excavations shewed that the cloister alleys were fourteen 
feet wide, and the wall enclosing the garth four feet 
thick. 

xsxiv. K 



90 TBE AMCmrECrUJLAL HIOTOST OF THB 

Tbe site of the capitulum or chapter-house now hangs 
in mid air, haying been completely swept away in the 
construction of the railway. Unfortunately the remains 
of the walls then discovered were so fragmentary that we 
cannot recover its width. According to Mr. Parsons' 
plan it was originally about fifty feet long. But the chief 
interest in the chapter-house centres round the extra- 
ordinary collection of interments discovered in 1845. 
The first coffin disturbed was a leaden one with an arched 
top, containing the bones of a woman. She had been 
buried in the cloister alley before the chapter-house door. 
In the chapter-house itself were found no less than 
thirteen graves. 

Tbe first two contained two small leaden ciste, about 
8 ft. long, 1 foot wide, and 9 inches deep, which were 
identified bv inscriptions as the coffins of William de 
Warenne, the founder, and his wife Gundrada. From 
the small size of these receptacles it is evident that the 
bodies had been removed from some other spot. The 
most likely one seems to have been behind the high altar 
of the first conventual church. The removal may there- 
fore be assigned to about 1140, when the extension of 
the eastern limb of the church took place. These cists 
are now in Southover church, and the bones have 
been reburied under Gundrada's own tombstone in 
the so-called " Warenne chapel." Dugdale,^ quoting 
from the missing Register of Lewes, gives this epitaph 
as engraved- on a white stone over the founder's 
grave : 

Hio Gulielmi Comes, locus est laudis tibi fomes, 
Hujus fundator, et largus sedis amator. 

Iste tuum funus decorat, placuit quia mnnus 

Pauperibus Christi, quod prompta mente dedisti. 
I lie tuos oinercs scrvat Pancratins ha^res, 
Hanctorum Castris, qui te sociabit in astris. 

Optime Pancrati, fer opem te glorificanti ; 

Daque poli scdem, talem tibi qui dedit ledem. 

The inscription on Gundrada' s tombstone is as fol- 



M "Baronage," p. 74. 



CLPfflAC PRIOBY OF ST. PANCRAS AT LEWES. 



* BTIBFI! aDKUnADA. DVCV I>EC' EVI. SOBILE OEBMO : 

MinXBA FVIT UIHERIS FVIT EX PIRTATK UIRIA 

PABB OBIIT UAETHK 8Vp[br]iC8T PAHS HAGKA MARIB. 

PIB PAH<JRATI TESTIS FIETATIS ET BqTl. 

TK FAOIT HEHEDB TV CLEUENB BTSCIPB If AtHEU 

SEXTA KALENDABT I\1(I1 LTX OBVIA CARNIS 

IFBEOIT ALABABTRTM 

r A third grave contained the remains of a monk in his 
black habit; doubtless a prior. Part of bis cowl is pre- 
served in a bos in Southover church. 

Of the remaining graves one contained the bones of a 
boy, a second the skeleton of a gigantic man, a third that 
of a woman and a very young infant. Nothing, however, 
was found to identify them. At the foot of one coffin 
waa a email lead cylindrical case about ono foot high and 
eleven incites in diameter,^' containing human viscera in 
a saline fluid. Probably the body was embalmed and 
buried elsewhere. Many members of the families of 
Warenue and Aritndel, beside the founder and his wife, 
are known to have been buried here. Among them were 
William the second earl, who died 1135, and "was 
buried in the Chapter House at Lewes, at the foet of his 
Pat her."" 

The Visitation of Sussex by Beaolte, temp. H. VIII.," 
has the following notes on interments in the chapter 
bouse of the priory of Lewes: 

" Wiiliani the firste Eric Waryne & Surrey farete founder of the Honse 
of Sajot Pancras nsBftiiat« witLiii tbe townu of Lenys, in tlie couutje 
of Sussex, wLieh Willjram & Gondradc his nyflu licth bnryi^d in tlie 
Chii|>y[re of the same bowse, vhich Oondrcde waa daughter uuto Kjrnge 
Wyllyam Conqueror. 

" Also in the Bame place adjoynyng unto hys father lyeth buried 
Wyllyam his Bone & his wyffe, 

" Item in the same places lyes Willyam the fourth Eric of Waryno and 
Mauldo his wy&e daughter to the Eric of Aruiidcll. 

" Itni in the same howBe lyetb Raiaoiyne brother unto Kuig Henry the 

ll Now in Soatborer cborch. 
i " Dugdale'a BarunBf;e,'' p. 74. 

f M.S. Coll. of Arnifl. D. 13. f. 15<]. I am niueli inaobtod to CliArtes A. Bnckler, 
., Snrre; Ueiald Extraordiuary, iot 1Mb extract. Bad for drawing m; a> 
''9 ChiohMteT effigies. 



92 THE ABOHITECTUBAL HISTOEY OP THE 

BecoTide & Erie of Waryne by marynge Isabell daDghter to Willyam the 
iij*^ Erie Waryne. 

'* It™ more in the same place lyes Richard the first of that name erle 
Amndell & of Snreye next whome lyeth in a nother tombe Alianor the 
Boster of Henry Duke** of Lancaster. 

" Under a playne stone adjoynyng to the sayd thombes lyes John sone 
to Bichard the seconde Erie of Arondell & Surrey & Phillippe his second 
wyffe dowghter to Edmond Erie of Marche and next nnto the sayd John 
lyes WiUym sone to Richarde erle of Arundell & of Surrey second of that 
name & Elizabeth his wyfife dowghter to Lord Wil. Bowne erle of Northe 
hampton.' " 

On the north side of the nave of Chichester cathedral 
church are the effigies of an earl and countess of Arundel 
and Surrey, which are believed to have been removed 
from Lewes priory at the Suppression. They are thus 
described by Dallaway.*® 

** Jn the Arundel Chantry, now the additional north aisle, is a monu- 
ment of stone, affixed to the wall, consisting of two tables and effigies, 
which appear to have been originally one and insulated. Both the figures 
are of the age of Edward 8"^. The man has the sharp conical helmet and 
the chain gorget, and on his surcoat a lion rampant. Such were worn by 
Richard Fitz Alan, Earl of Arundel — in the early part of that reign — 
and to whom a cenotaph was erected in the Chapel of Lewes Priory. 
Might it not have been brought here at the Suppression, and then so 
divided for convenience of space ? " 

If these effigies did come from Lewes they are probably 
those of Richard Fitz Alan, earl of Arundel and Surrey, 
who died in 1376, and his countess, lady Eleanor Plan- 
tagenet, daughter of Henry, earl of Lancaster, whose 
tombs Benolte describes as being in the chapter house of 
Lewes priory. 

If we may assume that the chapter house was of a 
regulation width — say twenty-seven feet — and if these 
dimensions be laid down symmetrically with respect to 
the graves, a narrow space seven feet wide will be left 
between the north wall and the wall of the transept. We 
cannot now say that such a space existed, though measure- 
ments seem to show that it did, but had it done so it would 
very well have held the day stairs to the dormitory, which 
otherwise it will be difficult to assign a place for. 

*' Shonld be Earl ^ *' Historj of Western Snsaez,'* I., 134. 



CLUNIAO PRIOKY OF ST. PANGEAS AT LEWES. 



93 



On the south side of the chapter house was a slype or 
covered passage leading from the cloister to the infirmary 
on the east. 

Nest to it was au apartment about 44 feet long and 35 
feet wide, corresponding in position with the Benedictine 
common-house or calefaclomim. In a Cluniac house it 
appears to be identical with the offi.cina mngnims mlnuendi, 
or bleeding-house. A thickening of the east wall seems 
to shew that the usual fireplace stood there from whence 
the apartment derived its name of calej acton iim. 

Over the whole of this range, and extending right up 
to the transept of the church, was the dormitormm. No 
remains of it exist, but, judging from the undercrofts, it 
was 102 feet long and 35 feet wide. At the south-east 
angle was a projecting square building measuring 10 feet 
by 84 feet within. 

At the south end of the dormitory range, but separated 
from it by a space some 30 feet wide, was the structure 
called by tho Cluniacs domu.^ necessaria; — a name suffi- 
ciently descriptive of its purpose. Ouly the basement 
now remains, but we are able from it to make out the 
arrangements pretty clearly. It was a long hall, 96 feet 
by 25 feet, divided by a longitudinal wall 4 feet thick, 
pierced at regular intervals by round-headed openings 
about 2^ feet wide, into two unequal divisions, the 
greater 18 feet, the lesser 3 feet wide. The narrow 
portion formed a fosse or channel, at the bottom of 
which ran a stream of water, bridged over some 15 feet 
above by a row of seals. Between each of the external 
buttresses of the south wall was a narrow window for 
ventilation. The sides of the main liall were also pierced 
with window openings — the three at the east end are 
wonderfully perfect, and were found by us last year, 
together with three of those in the north wall. Owing to 
the great fall in the ground south of the dormitory, the 
building just described does not seem to have exceeded 
two stories in height, and its first floor, instead of being, 
as was customary, on a level with the dormitory floor, was 
some fifteen feet lower — or on the same line %vith the 
af the dormitory undercroft. It was, however, 



94 THE AECHITECTUBAL HISTORY OP THE 

necessary that direct communication should be provided 
between it and the dormitory, and this seems to have 
been effected thus : the intervening thirty feet was 
spanned by a bridge, 35 feet broad, at the calefactorium 
floor level, which was reached from the dormitory by a 
flight of steps placed in the small square chamber at its 
south angle mentioned above. 

The great drain which conveyed the waste water of the 
monastery through the necessarium may be traced some 
distance on the west. It is a well-built tunnel, 5 feet 
wide, and at least 5 feet high, lined with stone, and 
covered by a barrel vault. At a distance of about ninety 
feet from where it passed under the buildings it was open 
to the air some distance, and furnished with a sluice gate 
for flushing purposes. The many absurd stories in cir- 
culation at Lewes about subterranean passages to the 
castle and elsewhere, derive their origin from this elabo- 
rately constructed drain. 

Owing to the already-explained dilBculty of site — which 
only left room to the south of the church for the actual 
cloister — the Lewes refectory, or frater as it should be 
more correctly termed, contrary to the usual custom 
amongst monks, is built upon an undercroft. The 'frater 
itself has quite gone, but we are able to recover certain 
data from its sub- vault. Originally it seems to have con- 
sisted of five bays, measuring about 97 feet long by 37^- 
feet wide ; but, as we may see from the variation in the 
line of the south wall, and other indications, it has been 
partly rebuilt and lengthened to 145 feet. The under- 
croft was divided by a row of columns into two alleys, 
covered by a quadripartite vault springing from flat en- 
gaged pilaster-shafts. Each of the angles at the east 
end contains a circular stair or vice. That to the south, 
which has an external door only, has been long open ; 
the other, which opens into the undercroft, was dis- 
covered last year in the railway embankment, and by the 
commendable care of the authorities has been left as we 
found it, and railed round. The only portions of the 
undercroft that have escaped demolition are the east end 
and most of the south wall. The wall space between the 



CL0SIAC PBTOBY OF ST. PANCRAS AT LEWES. 95 

Kit three buttresses of the latter appears to have been 
spanned by a shallow arch. Query, was this to thicken 
the wall above for the reader's pulpit? In the 6rst bay 
is a curious skew passage through the wall, the respective 
positions of the Taultiiig pilaster within and the external 
buttress having prevented its being pierced in a direct 
line. The next bay has an opening with a straight flight 
of steps. These must have opened on to the floor of the 
frater itself, but I cannot say why. Whatever their 
use, they are undoubtedly an insertion of much later 
date than the walls. Between the second and third bays 
there appears to beajoin of two walls of sligiitly different 
dates; the later one pertaining to the extension of the 
frater. Each bay of the newer portion was pierced by a 
pair of windows, the actual openings being set in the 
middle of the thickness of the walls. The flight of stairs 
above-mentioned is inserted in the place of one of the 
pair of windows in that bay. 

Opening out of the north wall of the frater sub-vault 
was an arched subterranean passage, 3 feet wide and 
about 6 feet high, much of which still remains. It first 
goes straight for a short distance, then turns at a right- 
angle for a few feet, and again bending at a small angle, 
terminates in a domed chamber -1 feet 3 inches in diameter. 
In the first turn is a manhole. Various fanciful sugges- 
tions have been made concerning this mysterious tunnel ; 
but it appears to have been biiilt for no more remarkable 
purpose than to carry the leaden pipes to the conduit 
which stood above the dome in the cloister garth, and 
BuppUed water to the various lavatories. A small portion 
of the passage was removed during the construction of 
the railway ; but the remainder has escaped other mutila- 
tion than a hole in the right angle, by which it may be 
entered from the garden it now runs under." 

Of the kitchen only the fragments of three fifteenth 
century added buttresses remain. These are adorned 
with flint chequer work, and it is curious that the but- 
tresses stuck against the walla to keep them up should be 



96 THE AECHITBCTUBAL HISTOEY OP THE 

left, while the whole of the kitchen itself has been swept 
away. Sir William Burrell has the following note on this 
part of the buildings : " Sept. 13, 1772. I measured part 
of the Remains of this Priory, and found them to be as 
follow. The Oven was 17 feet diameter, near half of it 
is standing the Roof is composed of Tyles set perpen- 
dicularly,** each 6^ broad, ii long, i thick."** This "oven** 
was demolished in 1845. 

Nothing is left above ground to shew the plan and 
extent of the western range, or cellarer's buildings. 

A few fragments of the infirmary remain to the east 
of the dormitory range ; but until the application of pick 
and spade, we are quite in the dark as to the disposition 
of the buildings. According to the Annals,*^ " the great 
infirmary was built" in 1218, and the following year 
" two houses of the infirmarer were made towards the 
north after Easter by William de Buckby;" but the 
entries can hardly refer to Lewes, for the infirmary is 
named in charters of the second earl of Warenne, who 
died in 1135, by which time all the temporary buildings 
must have been replaced by others of stone. 

Either at the same time as the final extension of the 
church circa 1145, or immediately afterwards — at any 
rate within half a century of the erection of the first 
permanent circuit of offices — the whole of the conventual 
buildings were enlarged. Not by the costly process of an 
entire rebuild, but by adding to some and altering others. 
The reason of the extension, as before, was to obtain 
increased accommodation. 

So far we have been able only to make out the details 
of the dormitory range — to which our excavations last 
year were strictly limited — but it is probable that the 
extension was carried out everywhere. 

The great dormitory was evidently thought too small ; 
it was accordingly lengthened from 102 to 213 feet, and 
its width increased from 35 feet to 69 feet at the south 

4S edgewise erased. 

<• Add. MS., 6706, f. 86. 

*^ mo cc® xTiij. Magna iDfirmaria facta est. 

m9 ooo xix9, Dae domus infirm' versiui noAt facte sunt post paaoham. a 

Willelmo de baokebi.— f . 167 a. 



CLUNIAC PEiniiT OF ST. PANrttAS AT I.EWES. 



97 



VIrid 
^^ me* 



end, and 75 feet at the north ond, the two outer walla 
not being parallel. This enlargement, which was made 
towards the south and east, was effected in the following 
manner : the space beneiith the bridge to the neceasartum, 
and the sub-vault of the latter, were disused, and more or 
less blocked up with strengthening arches, and in several 
places filled in solid with earth and chalk ; an additional 
sub- vault was then built on tho south of the necessarmm, 
consisting of a wide liall 69 feet long with a north aisle. 

The west wall of the new undercroft was in line with 
tho west wall of the old dormitory; but the east wall 
extended as far as the east end of the necessarinm, in 
continuation of which a new wall was carried right up to 
the transept. tXpou the enlarged area thus obtained was 
erected — either entirely de novo, or by alteration of what 
already existed — a building of two stories, the upper one 
being the dormitory. Owing to its great width, it was 
divided, at any rate so far as the first floor was concerned, 
into three alleys by a double row of columns. It will be 
seen on referring to the plau that the various blocking 
arches in the sub-vaults are in tho lines of these arcades 
to carry their weight. The east wall of the extension 
bad a projecting fire-place in the middle of its length, and 
a few feet north of this a small circular stair. 

We have nothing to show that the dormitory occupied 

hole of this great space, 213 feet long and 72 feet 

ide. Even the huge dormitory at Canterbury only 

measured 148 feet by 78 feet — though there existed a 

second dormitory 112 feet long and 22 feet wide. 

From certain foundations uncovered in 1845, it seems 
that the chapter house was included in the enlargement of 
the range of which it forms part, otherwise its east win- 
dows would have been rendered useless. It would be 
interesting to know whether the chapter bouse was not 
only lengthened and widened, but also increased in height 
by absorbing a portion of the length of the dormitory. 

To the soutli of the great doruutory, but separated from 
it by a space of 10 feet wide, is a large structure 1 58 feet 
long and 24j feet wide, to which various uses have been 
It is often dubbed the " refectory," but a careful 



Vi ^SB bacmrmrsoBkiL 4<Hffw if 



:•( I- Tm.H 



fjEmm ir imitfingf ^vas "WfiiiiBrm :iae^sE mEnnr Ae 

9iMv iiij^ Bfegrmg J. jmni 'zm njnuuyfimfmg^ <g Ae 

T le sue iwi ic Caacar^airT iir ^os: smiff piir]^aEe, and 
kacoia aa tie "^zhxri f cLvnt'uiry J*' ttis & biCT- cao ogh 
^n<:tar», bazLt? 14^ tkei: jcn^ sail fS ^ffi vili&» fa«t the 
Jiew^ n^jtsm/ssrwm tf Lews excea^ 31 in jsEi^ck bjr 13 
feiit. Tbe tsf per cf iss ii vo ssccass h^ boeiL poQed dovn, 
Iwit i#> iHieiL remazELi abG<ve srcozid dhtf it is poCBCtiy 
Mi^ t<r sake 6CS n&e^ wk^ie srrsEi^eiiieniL. A s&roiip wall 
h (^AX tEiek dfiided h kngnofiiziaJlT isso two giieqnal 
iia;TmfAak'; ihit liionh^n cue faea^ a iwge Ul 14 feet 
wi^^ a&d tie sootfaan a larram spare onif 5 feet 9 
m€;heti wide. Throvigb the latter ran from »d to end a 
mtfs^m of water^ making it in point of fmtt a great drain 
c/r U/pm^ This was rentflated In- four small sqnare-headed 
wih<if/wn in the sK>ath walL The space aboTe the drain 
WM bridged f/wer by a series of sixty ardies» each 1 foot 
wide^ and i^eparated by an interval of 1 foot 7 inches. 
Tb#> crowfiK of these arches were aboat 15 feet from 
t^M? itronuil fiijfjT line. Upon these arches were carried 
Ibo ¥fooiUsu f/artitioDs separating the sixty-one compart- 
UimiiHf CHch of which was 2 feet 6 inches wide. The 
Jorigiiuditial wall has been removed, but its junction 
at i^acli end is easily seen; and the springers of the 
ntutill bridging arches which are left in the south wall 
tuny b« identified by the square notch cut out at the 
•"M^er rt(|(je for fixing the centering timbers while they 
biiiriK l^tiilt. The remains of a window at the 
1111(1 of the firnt floor level show that the longi- 
rml cliviHion wall did not rise above the wooden 
iig of tiio biiHotnent. After the suppression of the 
ry tbii building was converted into a malt-house, 



CLTTNIAC rniOEY OF ST. PANCRAS 4T LEWES. 99 

■which explains the romoval of the dividing wall, and the 
existence of the joist holes for tho new floor timbers. 
The water course was only filled up about forty years 
ago. 

As in the case of the first necessarium, the first floor 
line was on the level of the floor of the apartments below 
the dormitory, and the intervening space was spanned 
by a bridge 24 feet broad. In later times, the area 
beneath this bridge was utilized for some purpose, the 
east end having been filled up by a wall ; and there are 
traces of a flue in one angle, and of a spiral stair up to the 
bridge, 

The new necessarium being so much further to the 
south than the original one, a new tunnel for the water 
course was constructed, of similar design to the one before 
described, and the old one disused. The directions taken 
by both are carefully laid down on the plan. 

At some late period a great smash seems to have been 
feared at the south end of the buildings, for the added 
sub-vault beneath the dormitory had most of its arches 
filled up with solid chalk, and the groining of the end 
compartments strengthened by a lining of the same 
material. The great buttresses outside the great neces- 
sarium were added at the same time. 

During the excavations of 1882 we found, just outside 
the east wall of the great dormitory, a covered drain 
nearly two feet square in section, running from north to 
south. Curiously enough, the majority of the stones 
which constituted the roof were worked fragments, com- 
prising portions of carved pilasters and spirally fluted 
jamb shafts, slabs of marble, &c., and part of a large 
shallow lavatory basin. 

Of tbe buildings of the outer court, such as the almonry, 
&c., not a trace remains above ground, except part of the 
gatehouse. This was of the usual type — a hall with 
double entrance, a large one for horses and vehicles, and 
a small one for foot passengers. The arches were standing 
until this century. The south jamb of the great arch stiil 
exists in situ at the east end ot Southover church, while 
tbe smaller arch has been taken down and rebuilt at right 



100 THE AECHITBCTUEAL HI8T0EY OP THE 

angles to its former position on another site a few yards 
away. The gatehouse was of late twelfth century date. 

The whole of the buildings and their arrangements 
have been laid down as carefully as possible on the plan, 
two colours being used to distinguish the periods. A 
section is also given of the whole of the eastern range to 
shew as far as practicable the various levels, &o. 

In conclusion, I can only express a hope that future 
excavations may be made to lay bare the relics of the 
great church, three-fifths of which still lies buried; also 
of the great infirmary in the field to the east of our late 
excavations. 

The thanks of archsBologists are especially due to the 
owner, Mr. E. B. Blaker, for so kindly permitting the 
excavations ; and to Mr. Somers Clarke, jun., F.S. A., by 
whom the work was initiated, and through whose energy 
and perseverance most of the necessary funds were 
obtained from sympathetic friends. 

Appendix. — Note A. 
Carta Willelmi Primi fandatoris Prioratus de lewes. 

In nomine patris & filii & Spiritus Sancti. Amen. Ego Willelmns de 
Warenna & Gnndrada uxor mea yolentes peregrinationem facere ad 
sanctum Petram in Homa . perreximus per plura nionasteria que sunt in 
francia & Bergundia causa orationis. Et cum venissemus in burgnn- 
diam . didiciraus quod non potuimus secure transire propter guerram que 
fuit tunc inter papam & imperatorem . Et tunc divertimus ad Cluniacum 
monasterium . magnam & sanctam abbaciam in honore sancti Petri. & ibi 
adorayimus & requisivimus sanctum Petrum. Et quia invenimus sancti- 
tatem & rcligionem & caritatem tarn magnam ibi & bonorem erga nos a 
bono Priore & a toto sancto conventu . qui receperunt nos in societatem & 
fraternitatcm suam : inccpimus babere amorem & derotionem erga illam 
ordinem & illam domum : super omnes alias domos quas yideramus. Sed 
dominus Hugo sanctus abbas eorum tunc domi non fuit. Et quia longe 
ante & tunc magis habuimus in proposito & voluntate per consilium 
doniini Lanfranci archiepiscopi ego & uxor mea quod faceremus aliquam 
domum religionis pro peccatis nostris & salute animarnm nostraruro. tune 
visum fuit nobis quod de nullo alio ordine tarn libenter quam de Clunia- 
censi eam facere vellemus. Et ideo misimus & requisivimus a domino 
hugone abbate & a tota sancta congregatione quod concederent nobis duos 
vel tres vel iiij^"" monachos de sancto grege suo quibus daremus ecclesiam 
unam quam de lignea lapideam fecimus sub castro nostro Lewiamm que 



CLUSIAO PBIOBt- OF.-^.j'^KOWfrAT^^JlWJIS.,, _ 101 

fint ftb antiqno tempore in Itonore e&ncti Fancracij & iUam'3&ifeftI^»eis." ' 
El tanltun in principio tcrrarum & aniiualiuin & rcroni : undo tlnodectm 
moDocbi poescnt ibi euatenUri. Sed sanctna abbas prins valde nobia fuit 
dams ad andienilum («ic) pelitiDnem tiostram propter longinquitalem 
oltene terrc & maxiine propter mare. 8ed poatqiiam nos perquisivimns 
licenciam a domino nostra Uege Wiltelmo adducendi monochos Clunin- 
cenaea in anglicam terram . £ abbaa ex aua parte requisivit Toliintatem 
Regis : tunc tandem donavit & tnisit nobis . iiij'^ . de monachia snia domi- 
nuro lanaonem & trea socios snos quibua donavimns in principio omnia 
qne eis protnieimiis & confirtnavimns per acriptum noBtruni quod niisinius 
abbati Cluniacenai & conventui quia nolnerunt nobis ante monachos 
tnittere : qnam - baberent confirinntioiiem nostram & Regis quara eis per- 
qaisiTimns de omnibas rebus qusa eis donarimus. £t sic dati snnt 
micbi & uxori mee monachi Clnniacenses in Anglicam terram. Post 
mortem rero domini mei Witlelmi Regis cum Giins snus renisset Wlllel- 
iDDfl in Anglicam terram propter regnum . & muHa fuiaaet discordia do 
regne & dubitatio de fine, it ego in multis pericniia cotidie : monstraveront 
micbi dominas lanzo prior & nionacbi mei qiiod apnd Claniacnm eaaet 
coDfirniocio mea qoam fcceram do rebna qnae illis dederam in principio & 
qnodipsi inde nnltnm mnnimcntnm baberent & quod propter dnbia £ 
fatnra tempera debereia eis omnein Eecnritatcm de meie donia & con- 
oeasia faccre . quod feci libenter consilio fidelium mcorum per lianc 
alteram csrtam meam Yolo ergo qaod Eoiant qni sunt & qui futnri sunt 
qaod ego Willelmna de Warenna Surreie comes donavi & confirmaTi deo 
& sancto Petro & abbati & conventni de Cluniaco ecclesiam saneti 
Pancrncij qne sila est eub caatro moo Lewiarum & eidem sancto Pancracio 
& monacliis Clnniacensibus qnicunque in ipsa eccleaia sancCi Prancracij 
deo servient inperpetnum : donavi pro salute anime mee & anime 
Qnndrado nxoris mea & pro anima domini mei Willelmi Regie qui me in 
anglicam terram addnsit & per cuius licenciam monacbos renire feci & 
qui meam Priorem donacionem confirmavic & \ito salute domine mee 
Matildia Regine matris uxorla mee & pro salute domini mei Willelmi 
Rfgis filii sni post cuius adveiitum in Anglioam terram banc cartam feci 
& qui me oomitem Snrregio fecit & pro salute omnium hervdnm meorom 
& omnium fidelium cliriati vivorum & moctuorum in sustentocionem pre- 
dictorum roonachorum Uancti Paiicracii mansionem fTalemetam nomine 
tDtDQ) qaicqnid ibi in dnminio habui cum bida terru quum Eaalachius in 
burgentela tenet & ad ipaam mnnsiouem pcrtineL Mansionem quoque 
Carlentonam nomine quam domiiia men Matildis Regina dedit Gnodrade 
Dxori moc & michL <& hoc concesait & confirmavit duminus tueus Rex 
Willelmns in aii:(iliDm ad fnndnndum dotos monacbos nostroa totum 
quod ibi babntmtis. Et in Swamberga quinque hidas & diinidiam terrara 
ectum que vocatur ini^ula iuxta monaatorium cum pratU & pascnis. 
Totani eciam terram qnitm ego in doniinio habui intra in^ulam in qua 
moiiBsttriiim sitnm est cum molendino snper atnguum quud ibi juxta est 
pusito & cnm nno sul^urbano ibi juxta posito lewjno nomine la taniaco 
terram qne fnit normanni . virgumterte que vocatur Redrewelle & alteram 
tirj^aiD nomine Sunforde h\ Weatedona dims hjdas cum liij" viUania 
'( auo prato Deciraas qnoquc tenanim mi^amm & illas nomiualim qaaa 




^ ItHfitfilTiB y^fenwe- vsMC i: imeiEB ii: 
«m 3uiiuict:» r^suaueinniL. CfmoBeBiaii^n: 
^UK iitmiiM* ruvL hi &«f&€nim -v^l ifosiBi. amurr: 
Wimr^ vM 'VauvifunL nm. amnniEft unterrk iianiiii] 
j^iGft ajftusAiut ill. xtt aifr •emxicL anicauic m 
^ Inubk 4 tit Y«Ii«fCj»:aiL il -lerrs i: nMiMPif jfc jii liii- <& aqani 
con. iiitnixuiifiif ir omiuivis «fmiL ser^enat t eidl imniiiiig odnv 
xm. niH^c ^inr iitiBiiicift mime k iMEPBohm msk iii: sht maaam 

'CMusiiMK «errjcis tnK rtnrir. ik'jen: giMHanc inmiwf -At inMiFjiw 
js. T«!?sirif 4 gpmwa^rat jicr 'urauL i: mntaBL liar vft: iDiir Jir pw 
ODiiuinK i^iift «!ri*J!iuf . imikf: -ruji. onuc Imnr A: mast sm -flops idh- <ik 
j^wu» Tuvji ot mmL fi«rnsai' im»aitesmnL^ Xk si ib: iuiiqiiauuirfQns 
ficm. iitf 3L nxrut- :: '^tium onuc iic oi: sm ^ sk vbI iinmnifff matvi 
- puV'V" »nt^ ijiK ^iff joaToiL pir nw vBusnic ADtflr gut* imidiBBi Smw ui n a 
€X3«cai^L«x» : e:uc'ClKumxi i: m&Dfains -m at Txassa- 3L !fiiir 
fonicr 7iv73Ct:3iac xiaiuiraiE nt HacK - u BL. Sir iuaa 'acr- ^ inr 
Jb 'at Tfut giuic 5iicuias Lfr*90e» aueL lo: jrmcBr iomr 
ctMUDnfflixHiL T**^***' 4 fnnoL JI: fiBrvxnsBiL & acnuBL sms viiibiis foDian a 
£it "ncicE. J^TfOcnft buucrf -m ■fiDtutssfliii fif \rnfc xmiL luaaiu^ 

A ^ODfif: ^ ItnUfflr HbOldllflllff Of- aDOUKttS 31IKSES SDlBlE RbjUIMJ 

^ <:x5hQs tcasoL z^'Mumwk jann ax necasBk sasaoSi. auBBcc & Acn & 
lyv" Tir^fOLifti Tidc^ ohil^xjik jaaaor ^icsC imtspx Bt miflc jpa£ IMw & 

rMi!>^r»^f Eit rSnr >^ Ozaj*sssa» amexe Pfcw i r i r looiBBra J: JTiij^ <!■■■■ t 
v^^^^%^ */}^ AxTft sQi.«f .rinxiL KBSrm^efhzxbt sns •rqbiis aiciBBcftuff svk de 

V'N*^ ttN'^^^w. ^yt^vnr : ^:i*r rxkiiti iisres ^xik z^s^bosl. EBsbafdesiMt 
^s^<^ W ^¥ ^«s^ ^^<Kr^*r!! alS^uBB fiwmitfrTiaL fEsiamrocmfi vq£» i^wrf enn 
<«*4v»v^\^ IVwxytjKHV' ;Mt^itL:c?aii5 i »em,Z€T saa£SmaL Pkw r m \um tmead. hamfmu 
«\U Hi^Vv^>*(i >)( \t>^sa^ 9j:^Mtai r«ccjQ.s ^£ s^ccc G^aviirmia cxariMs 4 ego 
v\i\u \v^ ^vA^kU v\v^'<ti» aMQXB 4 fp^i snnEih^r Mjgcu^ froKLt Ombcs 1ms 
HuVv vt^viiiii vns% \K\^^ <t<iN^ ^ $aac€o PjaeneD? ^ m^iueks 3)c i<o serntans 

^viMuUi^un Ui04s^ Sosi iv«( mortem Guminife feci es kaac csctam Post cidiis 

\Ui«Uviu vK^uusi \vit«uu eis pro ftoima uliTK ^ iii«a 4 Gvarsm bercdmn 

M\ui>uuu lutiusii^'iu'ai in Norfolk b^ehjin nomine tccom qpod ibi babui 

V\uu iiii4 l^'tuu prepo»iti& cam mnnihtut lil/^^m bc-minibtts qvoram c»- 

b\(m ivluui ^^'*m\w ibi recipwbftt Et f,»fM!: ^JonAcionem me«m roloqaod 

Ituiiiiiud luiu iHuu'tstMuu <& firaiAUm h i»b«K(f»t #hiu ^ earn concessit & confir- 

umvit. UuuuuvM lueus Rex Willdwtw fci/'ut fr)|«H fecerat pater saos. Has 

uu\mti (iUjaHvlictas res donari mou&4:UU mi Uahimdum inperpelnom tarn 

irwi vt 4\uetas ab omnibiw anubik A / iifcturuiM A Hornciis sicot eas liberas 

|i A Miout aliquis libr5r homo UhUi v*.| Imbiro potest sunm dominiom 

Idr^ nurtm elemosinftiii. Kt u\ t^vuhiui quod rex terre aliqnid inde 

Rt Vt>l hidagium vol diiriHK^'ldiHii vil r|iitt|i.iMiri,rjur.gcldum vel serricinm 

quttmcumque rem t*f^o (|imiii iliu vivaiu van liberatas & acqnietatas 

•*m •icn*^^ »«-"»n dotniriliim. Sc Iwrtiu moixu pout mo & soi post earn 



CLUNUC PBIORT OP 8T. PANGEAS AT LEWEi 



lOS 



Bimillter inpurpetuuio faciant do omuibua rebus qaecumqno solent vd 
poternnt »ei nmqnam contingetinposterum ab aliqno domino vel horainc 
re(]niriergft Regem & ooineB hominea utmonnchi semper aint in pace & sai 
omncs & omnia sua. Pro qna re volo quod ei allqua contoncio vel dissensio 
Tol leaara vel aliqna ininris aurgat inter homines sancti Pancracij & me 
Tcl mens nniJe iorisfaclnra evoniat : Prior Sancti Pancracii semper capiat 
& habeat pro wo forisfncturam & ciDendacionem dc liominibua auia ne per 
banc cansum poasint qui ventari aunt ledere & confuiidere iiomines aaocti 
& sic Tolo quod faciant beredea mei Et ai e(jo aliqcia adbnc addidero rel 
kercdes mci post me : volo qnod omnia ilia tarn libere donentar & 
habeantnr aicnt ego iata omnia donavi & quod ipsi similiter veliot & 
faciant. Et volo quod sicut ego cresco. crescanl & rea monacliormu 
& sicut crcEvunt res & biiDii eorum. quod creacat numerus eorum 
& sic Tolo & lando & precipio quod relint & faciant & aervent heredea 
mei & firmnm & stabile habeant qnod ego feci & ego firmum & stabile 
baboo quod ipsi focturl auut. Et qtiieumque contra banc donacionem 
meam venerit rel earn in nliquo minuerit vel in peiua mutaverit iram & 
maictliccionem del omnipotenLis & celerem vindictam in corde & in anima 
in hoc mundo & in dieiudicij iticurrat. Et tola malediccio quani pater 
poteat dare malie filiis snis ex parte mea super ilium veiiiat fiat fiat. Et 
qoicumque banc meam donacionem servaverit & defGnderit £ aecreyerit ; 
bonedictionem dci omnipoteutia & graciau in bac vita & in alia in corpore 
& iu anima super so bobcat Et tota bcnediccio quam pater poteat dare 
bonis filiis suis : ex parte mea super eum venint & muneat sine fine Amen 
Amen. Similiter preeor Deum ut evenint si herea mens post mo vel auua 
poat eum vel quicnmqne ex succcssoribus meia aliqua bona addiderit ad 
ea que ego donavi quicumquo poat eos contra illonim donacionem veuerit 
in malum Teniat deus contra ilhtm in malum & quicumque earn defcnderit 
& servaverit : defendat eum deus ab omni malo. Pretcrea volo quod 
eciant monachi mei & beredea mei qnod qoando ego & Gundrada per- 

3uisivimus a domino bugone abbate qui venerat ad loquendom cum 
omino meo Bege in Normanniam quod redderet nobis dominum lan- 
zonem Priorem noatrum queiu toto anno apud Cluniacum retinnetat unde 
torn commoti futmus quod pene proposuimus dimittere inceplnm nostrum 
Tel auferre eis & dare ecclesiam noatrain maiori monosterio. tunc cciam 
coDcesait nobis & promisit abbaa ad multam deprecacionem quod si dena 
cresceret domum nostram foceret cam eicut unam ex magnis poat mortem 
domini lanEonis vel promocionem in aliquam maiorem dignitatem, 
quando monachi Sancti pancracij mittcrcnt ad Cluniacum propter 
Priorem : mitlerent eia in priorem unum ex roelioribus monachia suia de 
tola coiigregocioue quem acirent sauctiorem ad ordincm & ad animas 
regendus secundum deum & sapieiicioreui od domum gabcrnandam 
iiidnm Ecculum preter maiorem Priorem dc Glanioco & Priorem do 
nqu* 



Coritiile. & quod ipse foret ad remaneudum & 

Um luata & mauifcsta essct causa, qnod i 

" Sitrudioere & inde fccil nobis scriptum auum 

c perquisivimns quia timuiiuus iie domi 

' B quia res quoa meliorea 



ratiouabiliter deberet 
sigillo suo quod faabeo. 
lanzo cnm redisset cilo 

potuit : in dignttales 



^eeie exKltavit Et nobis audieutibua requisivit ah abbsle qnod mitlerul 



104 THE ABOHITBCTURAL HISTOEY OF THE 

ei duodecim de Sanctis monacliis suis & eos omnes faceret episcopos & 
abbates in terra hereditatis sue qaam ei dederat deus. Et eciam pre- 
cogitavimas quod si nora adhuc domus & tenera sepe noynm Priorem 
haberet & in noras manus yeniret nanquam ad magnam profectam 
penreniret Et quia noluimus qnod elemosina nostra inpostemm in seen- 
larem seryitutem yerteretur : tone constitatum est inter nos & abbatem 
quod Cluniacam habeat omni anno . 1. solidos monete Anglice de dono 
sancti Panracij & sic libera sit ab omni alia seryitute & ezaccione & geldo 
Et abbas de nalla ordinacione domus se intromittat sajier Priorem nisi de 
obseryancia yel emendacione ordinis ubi Prior emendare non potaerit per 
se. neque de domibns suis si aliqnas nnqaam per graciam dei sub se 
habuerit Sed Prior Sancti Pancracij & Conyentus semper eas liberas 
habeant in sua ordinacione sicut eis fuerint donate & hoc yoluimus & 
fecimus quia in desiderio semper & spe fuimus facere domum & ponere 
monachos apud Acram castellum nostrum quam nolumus alibi nisi Sancto 
Pancracio esse subiectam. Hanc donacionem & cartam meam feci 
dominum meum Regem Willelmum apud Wincestriam in consilio con* 
cedere & testimoniari per signum sancte crncis de manu sua & per signa 
& testimonia episcoporum & Comitum & Baronum qui ibi tunc fuerunt 
feliciter Amen Venientibus contra hec & destruentibus ea oocurat deas 
in gladio ire & furoris & yindicte & malediccionis eterne Seryantibus 
autem hec : & defendentibus ea . occurrat deus in pace gracia & miseri- 
cordia & salute etema Amen Amen Amen.^ 



Note B. 

Extract from charter of William, the second earl of Warenne. 

** Postea yero non post multum tempus cum perfecta fuisset ecclesia 
sancti Pancracij inyitatus sum a Priore Lanzone et a cunctis fratribus 
eiusdem ecclesie et rogatus ab eis ut eam facerem dedicare . quod libenter 
et letius concessi et conyocayi ipsius diocese episcopum dominum Radul- 
fum et Walkelinum Wintoniefi et Gundulfum Royecestr' episcopos ad 
eum dedicandum. Et facta dedicatione cum ad missam yentum fuisset. 
yocatus sum ab episcopis ad magnum altare et admonitus ab eis ut 
secundum consuetudinem sancte ecclesie : proyiderem dotem ecclesie. 
De qua eciam re ante fui prsemuniter et proyisus. Monstrayerunt 
quoque michi id ipsum quod michi yisum (fuit) non esse magnum 
dare quod ipse in manu mea yel expensas meas habere non potni 
sicut ecclesias et decimas. Hecogitayi eciam quod non fuit mea nee 
pura elemosina quam feceram eis de hercham quam pater mens 
eis prius donayerat et quantum ad me magis yidebatnr coromutacio 
quedam quam mea donacio & quia de meo propiio quod michi potuissem 
semper libere retinere yolui sancto Pancracio sicut paterno meo et eius 
moiiasterio sicut capituli honoriR mei aliquod crementum facere in ilia die 
dedicationis ecclesie et bora et loco dedi deo et sancto Pancracio et mona- 
chis suis inperpetuum decimam meam non solum omnino decimorum 



48 



MS. Cott. Vesp. F. xy. f. 10-11. 



OLUNIAO PEIORY OF ST. PANOBAS AT LEWES, 105 

meornm tocins terre mee de omnibus rebus undecumque decimam dari 
debet : Sed eciam totam decimam omnium denariorum meorum de Anglia 
de redditibus de eventibus de omnibus omnino rebus undecumque et 
quibuscumque modus michi proveniant de rebus meis Anglie Et hano 
decimam denariorum meorum optuli de super altare in perpetuum dotem 
ecclesie." *• 

8ince the consecrators of the church were Ralph Luffa, bishop of Chi- 
chester 1091—1128; Walkelin, bishop of Winchester 1070—1098; and 
Gundulf, bishop of Rochester 1077 — 1108, the dedication must hare 
occurred between 1091 and 1098. 

Note C. 

Extract from charter of William, the third earl of Warenne, relative to 

the second dedication of the church. 

" Hec supradicta ego pro salute anime mee et pro animabus antecessorum 
meornm predictis monachis conccssi et de. c sol' in bnrgo de lewes quum 
feci dedicare ecclesiam sancti Pancracii et de decima denariorum de 
omnibus redditibus mcis de Anglia dotam ipsam ecclesiam et inde saisiyi 
eam per capillos capitis mei ct fratris mei Kadulfi de Warennaquos 
abscidit de capitibus nostris cum cultello ante altare Henricus episcopus 
Wintofi. Teste Theobaldo Archiepiscopo Cantuar' Henrico episcopo 
Winton Rodberto episcopo bad' Ascelino episcopo Rovescestr' qui eandem 
ecclesiam dedicaverunt.'* *® 

The prelates here named are Theobald, archbishop of Canterbury 
1189—1161; Henry de Blois, bishop of Winchester 1129—1171; 
Robert, bishop of Bath 1136 — 1166 ; and Ascelin, bishop of Rochester 
1142 — 1148. The second dedication must therefore fall between 1142 
and 1148. 

Note D. 

Grant of the site of the priory of Lewes by Henry VIII. to Thomas 
Cromwell, Lord Cromwell, 16 Febr.,29 Hen. VIIL (1537-8). 

'' Rex omnibus ad quos, etc, Salutem. Cum quidam finis coram 
lusticiariis nostris in Curia nostra de communi Banco apud Westmonas- 
terium in Crastino Sancti Martini Anno regni nostri yicesimo nono levat' 
fuit inter nos querent' et Robertum nuper Priorem monasterii Sancti 
Pancratii de lewes in Comitatu nostro Sussex' per nomen Roberti prioria 
monasterij sancti Pancratij de lewes in comitatu nostro Sussex' deforciant 
inter alia de Maneriis de Swanbergh Kyngeston iuxta lewes Southover/' 
Cwv., ebv. 

After enumerating all the manors and ad^owsons possessed by the 
priories of Lewes and Castle Acre, the grant proceeds : 

'* Sciatis quod nos in consideracione boni vi' et fidelis servicij nobis per 
dilectum Consiliarium nostrum Thomam Crumwell militem dominum 

" Chartulary, f. 14. *« Ihid., t 1G6. 

XXXIV. P 



106 THE ARCHITECTURAL HISTORY OP LEWES PRIORY. 

Crumwell Custodem privati Sigilli nostri ante hec tempora fact' et im- 
pens' de gratia nostra speciali et ex certa scientia et niero motu nostris 
dedimus et concessiaius ac per presentes pro nobis heredibus & success- 
oribus nostris danius et concedimus eidem Thome Crumwell militi domino 
Crumwell totum dictum nuper monasterium sive prioratum de lewes pre- 
dictum in dicto Comitatu nostro Sussex' ac totum scitum fundum 
circuitum et precinctum eiusdem nuper monasterij sive prioratus de 
lewes Necnon totam ccclesiam Campanile et Cemitorium eiusdem nuper 
Monasterij de lewes ac omnia mesuagia domos edificia orrea grangeas 
stabnla Columbaria aquas magna pomaria gardina terram et solum nostra 
tam infra quam extra ac iuxta et prope scitum septum circuitum ambitum 
et precinctum eiusdem nuper monasterij de lewes predicti in southover 
Kyngeston iuxta lewes et lewes in predicto Comitatu nostro Sussex vel 
in earum aliqua Ac etiam omnia predicta maneria de Swanbergh/' etc., 
etc." 

" Eot. Pat. 29 Hen. VIIL, pars 2. 



MONUMENTAL INSCRIPTIONS FROM THE 
CHUECH OF EORSTED KEYNES, SUSSEX. 



OMPILED BY GRANVILLE LETESON GOWER, 
Esq., F.S.A. 



■Against E. wall of Cbancel, N. side of E. window, a 
■hite marble tablet, whereon are these arms : Azure, in 
chief three miilleta argent, a crescent for difference 
(Dalmah(it) : impaling, Per fess gules and aziiro, an 
escutcheon within an orle of martlets argent (Board). 
Crest : A dexter arm embowed brandishing a sword. 
Motto : Absque metu. 

To the Memory of 

TheRcT-t sndlenined GEORGE HAY CLERK A.M. 

Thirty-two Years Rector of this PARISU 

who having liv'il a constant pflitiTii 

Of primitive Pioty and Bocinl Virtue 

Departed this Life in 1738 Aged 84 Years. 

[ Also of MARGARET his Wife (by whom he hnd 1 1 children) 

and who after a happy Marriage of 52 Years 

and the practice of every Domestic Duty 

Died iu 1732 likewise Aged 84 Years. 

Also of MARGARET their youngest Daaght«r 

long Burviv'J her Husband WILLIAM DALMAUOY ESQ' : 

son of S' ALEXANDER DALMAHOY Bur: 

of an ancient and honoarable Family in SCOTL.\ND 

and died the 16"' of Angiist 1767, Aged 70 Years. 

Alsnof ALEXANDER eldest Son of 

ALEXANDER DALMAHOY ESQ' of LONDON 

who died an Infant, 

This Monument is erected in pursuance of the will of the said 

ALEXANDER DALMAHOY ESQ' 

who died Oct.jber the lO'" 1781 Aged S7 Years : 

He Married ELIZABETH second Danghter of 

lOHN BOARD ESQ' 

latu or PAX.UILL in this County 

by whom he had Is«ue 3 sons and 8 Daaghlcrs : , 

and lies here Intcrr'd ; _ 

just tribnle to the best of Mothers and her most Worthy Parents. 



108 MONUMENTAL INSCBIPTIONS FROM THE 

Against E. wall of Chancel, S. side of E. window, a 
white marble slab, surmounted by an urn. 

In this Chancel 

are deposited the Remains of 

M" ELIZABETH DALMAHOY 

Relict of ALEXANDER DALMAHOY Esq' 

and Daughter of lOHN BOARD Esq' of PAX-hILL 

She died the 18"» of July 1788 

Aged sixty-one Years 

This small Tablet was erected by her Daughter 

FRANCES AYLIFFE DALMAHOY 

as a Testimony of her Affection 

and to perpetuate the Memory 

of an amiable Woman. 

Against the S. wall of Chancel, a grey marble tablet, 
surmounted by a shield (the arms obliterated), and on a 
white marble slab. 

Here Lyeth the body of M" SAPHIRA 
LIGHTMAKER Wife of M' EDW^ LIGHTMAKER 
of Broadhurst in Sussex Gent. Daughter of 
D' ALEX' LEIGHTON D.D. Sister to D' ROB^ 
LEIGHTON Late ARCHBP. of Glasgow and S' 
ELLIS LEIGHTON K^ who both Ly here 
Interred. She was A Devout Woman and A 
Mother in Israel A widow indeed & (notwith- 
standing Sollicita^ns to a 2d Marriage) lived so 
44 years She died in the Lord Dec' 20"^ 
1704 Aged 81 
Prole, parente, thoro, rebus, pietate, Senecta 
Ingenio, Moribus, laude, beata, obit. 
Here also ly the bodies of THOMAS & MARY 
the Children of M' W» PIG GOT of Limesfield 

in Surrey Gent. Grandchildren to y® excellent 

Matron abovespecifd THOMAS died March 8"> 

1701 Aged 11 Mary April 10^»» 1702 Aged 21 

Likewise here ly y« bodies of THOMAS & ELIZA"^ 

the Children of THOMAS OSBORNE Junior of 

Newtimber in Sussex Armiger her Great 

Grandchildren THOMAS died April 4»»^ 1706 

Aged 4 : Eliz^^ April 12 17U6 Aged 3 years 

ov fiXnOeos 0io/o-Kct vcos. 

Next to it, westwards, a grey marble mural tablet, 
fluted columns and capitals, and above a shield 



, v,vvv,u.* J -.V, X. XX f March 25**» 1780 

^^ J Decern' y« 80 1714 t>„ . , J April 2'» 1728 
^^"^ 1 Decern' ye 30 1715 r"""^^ 1 March 7t»» 17151 

[July U"» 1719 



CHUBOH OP HOBSTED KEYNES, SUSSEX, 109 

with these arms nearly obliterated : Quarterly gules 
and sable, a cross argent, Pigott ; on an escocheon of 
pretence. Argent, a bend engrailed azure between two 
bucks' heads cabossed sable attired or, Needham; im- 
paling Need HAM. 

In the Vault Underneath this Monument 

Lyeth Interrd the Body of 

WILLIAM PIGOTT ESQ. 

Late of Broadhurst in this Parish who departed 

This Life the 22^ day of May 1722 

In the 40"^ Year of His Age 

He Married the only Daughter & heiress of the Rev* 

M' WILLIAM NEEDHAM of AUresfordin the 

County of Northampton Batchelour of Divinity 

By whom he had Issue 4 Sons & one Daughter 

Viz^ 

WILLIAMS fOctobery«20'»» 1711) 

QERVAS I 
HENRY ' 

(April yM3"^ 1719 J 

And all arc Interr'd in the same Vault 
CATHERINE the Daughter and Sole Heiress is now 

Surviving 

In honour & Respect to their Valuable Memory s this 

Monument was Erected at the Sole Expence of 

JANE PIGOTT his Affectionate Wife & their tender Mother 

Anno Dom : 1734 

Trusting in Almighty God Through the Merits of Our 

Blessed Saviour to meet them Again 

In a Glorious Resurrection in Immortall and 

Everlasting Happyness Amen. 

In Chancel between Chancel arch and S. wall, a white 
marble slab. 

THOMAS PIGOTT, Esq' 
Son of THOMAS & CATHARINE 

PIGOTT 

Born 21«' December 1738 

Died 5'^ February 1793 

Aged 55 

Buried in the family vault here. 

In Chancel on the floor near S. wall, a blue ledger 
stone with this inscription in capitals. 

1 i.e., 1716-16. 



110 MONUMBKTAL INSCRIPTIONS FEOM THE 



BUB HOC JACBT 
JOANNES WOOD QUI 

SACR^ OLIM 

THEOLOOI^ BUBIIT 

LABOREM ET NON BINE 

8UM*0 HONORE HUIC 

PAROCHIf PER 

ANNOS XXV OFFICIUM 

FIDELITER ADMINI 

BTRAYIT OBIIT HONO 

DIB BEFTEM^ ANNO 

DOM MDCCY 

iETAT 8UJE 

LVIII. 

On floor adjoining, westward, a white marble stone 
with this inscription in capitals. 

HERE LTETH THE 

BODY OF HENRT 3** 

BON OF W™ MOOT ESQ* 

BY JANE HIB WIFE 

WHO DEPARTED THIS 

hlFlf THE 1 OF 

MARCH 1715 AGED 9 

WEEKS 4 DAYS. 

Against S. wall of Chancel, outside, a large grey stone 
slab, fixed upright, above six feet in height. Shield 
with mantling, helm, and crest a lion's head. Arms : a 
lion rampant. 

Depositum 

ROBERTI LEIGTOUNI 

Archiepiscopi glasgaensis 

Apud scotas 

Qui obiit xxv** Junii 

Anno D'm'i 1684 

etatis Suae 74«.2 

(In the churchyard close adjoining is an altar tomb to 
the memory of the Archbishop, with this inscription : 

Hero rest the Remains of Robert Leigbton, Bishop of Danblane, 
afterwards Archbishop of Glasgow. In an age of religious strife he 
adorned the doctrine of GOD his Saviour by a holy life and by the meek 
and loving spirit which breathes throughout his writings. He spent in 

' This wag formerly inside the Broadhnrst Chapel , but fell into bad repair 
i was palled down about the year 1850. 



CHUECH OP HOHSTED KEYNES, SUSSEX. 



Ill 



this Parish the later years of his life in deTout preparation for his 
Heavenly Rest. Bom 1611; died 1684. This Memoiial was placed 
here 1857.) 

Eastward, against the wall, a slab exactly similar with 
arms, crest, and mantling. 

Here Lyeth Interred The 

Body of 8' Ellis Leighton 

K* who Dyed 

9« Jan. 1684.« 



Against E. wall of 

Chancel, outside, a mural 

tablet. 

NEAR 

this place lieth the Body 

of the ReTerend 

ROBERT WETHERALL 

who died 

On the 9*»> of Sep' 1779 

In the 33^* Year of his Age : 

Also MARY his wife 

ob. 3l« May 1801 

AET. 58. 



On S. wall of Nave, 
outside, between the win- 
dows, a mural tablet. 

In Memory of the 

Rev<i RALPH GLUTTON 

Rector of this Parish 

Who died January 

Y« 8"» 1761 Aged 

66 Years 

Also 

of the Revd RALPH GLUTTON 

His Son 

Rector of this Parish 

Who died April 

Y« 13, 1772 Aged 

44 Years. 



Against wall of South 
Transept (now Vestry), out- 
side, a stone slab. 

In Memory of 

HARRY MORLEY 

late of Great Walsted 

In the Parish of Lindfield 

He was lineally descended 

from the 

ancient family of Michel borne 

formerly of Broadharst 

in this Parish 

Born May 22°* 1787 

Died May IS'^ 1860. 

Eastwards, on wall 

of South Transept (now 

Vestry). 

NEAR 

this place is Interr'd the 

Body of THOMAS AWGOGK* 

late of Barcombe in this 

Gonnty Gent** who died the 

16*^ day of February 1786 

in the 70*** Year of his Age. 

Also of MARY AWGOGK 

Sister of the above THO" 

AWGOGK who died the 2* 

day of April 1788 in the 79"» 

Year of her Age. 



' This was formerly inside the Broadharst Chapel, bafe fell into bad repair, and 
was pulled down about the year 1850. 
* There are sereral stones in the oharohyard to members of the Awoook fiMnily. 



112 MONUMENTAL INSCRIPTIONS FEOM THE 

In N. Transept of Nave on floor, Sussex marble ledger 
stone. 

HEERE LIETH BURIE(d) 

THE BODY OP WIL 

LIAM WYAT FOURT** 

80NN OF FFRANCIS 

WYATT esq' WHO 

DIED THE 21^ DAY 

OF APRILL ANNO 

DOMINI 16 7 3. 

Next to it, southwards, flat stone of blue marble. 

Here Interred is the Body of 

FRANCIS WYAT late of Treemans « 

In this Parish Esq' : A Man Just and 

Honest in all his Actions A Tender 

Husband and a most Indearing 

Parent he Departed this life the 

15*^ July 1728 In the 65'*^ : year of 

his Age. 

On same stone, in capitals. 

HERB INTERRED IS ALSO Y® BODY OF M" ELIZ. WYAT 

WIFE OF Y* ABOYENAMED FRANCIS WYAT ESQ. DAUanTB' 

OF ROGER BYSSHE OF FEN PLACE IN THE COUNTY 

OP SUSSEX ESQ' A WOMAN ENDOWED WITH ALL Y® 

EXCELLENT QUALITYE8 OF VIRTUE & GOODNESS 

SHE DEPARTED THIS LIFE Y® 17*^ OF AUG"' 1726 AGED 63. 

[Part of this stone is covered by a pew. Query 
whether there is not a further inscription on it.] 
Next to it, on white marble slab. 

Here Interred is the Body of FRANCIS 

WYAT late of the Midle Temple 

B arrester at Law and Batchelor 
of Arts He was Most Compleat in 

all Accomplishments ; Beloved by 
all that see (sic) Him Adorned with 
Every Grace and Virtue this Bright 

Good and Extraordinary Man 
Departed this Life Decern b' the 14 
1713 in the 27^»» year of his Age He 

* This is a lar^ire old house now used as a farmhoase, aboat one mile S.E. of 
Horsted Keynes Chordh. In nearly all the Pedigrees of Wyatt and elsewhere it 
is erroneously written '^ Freemans." It is locally pronounced Trim-ans. 



CHUBOH OP HOBSTED KEYNES, SUSSEX. 113 

was Eldest son of FRANCIS WYAT 

Esq' and ELIZABETH his wife 

who were Deprived of Him to their 

Inexpressible Greife his Early 

Death being Lamented by all that 

Knew Him. 

Next to it, southwards, on a blue marble slab. 

Near this place Lyeth the 

Body of M» Richard Wyat 

Third son of Francis Wyat 

Esq. who Depa'^ted this 

Life the 28'*^ day of Jane 1660. 

MEMORI^ 
FRANC180I WYATT ARM QUI VITAM 
OFFIOIUMQ VlOECOMIT/cTS^ (sic) SIMUL 
TBRMINABAT QUARTO DIB 
MABTII ANNO DNI 
16 7 3. 

Next to it, southwards, on blue marble slab. 

Here lyeth the Body of M" 

AUDRY WYATT Wife of 

FRANCIS WYATT ESQ. late 

of Treemans and Daaghter of 

Robert Spence Esq. late of 

Balcomb in Sussex who by 

her pner (sic) Modesty true Charity 

and Exemplary life Proned 

herselfe A widow indeed she 

Departed this Life the 18^ of Decern^ 

Ano Dom' 1693 in the Sixty 

Sixt yeare of her age. 

Next to it, southwards, on blue marble slab, in capitals. 

HERB LIETH THE BODY 

OF MART WIFE OF 

GEOROB LUXFORD OF 

LTNDFEILD OENT. AND 

SECOND DAUGHTER OF 

FRANCIS WYATT ESQ. 

AND AWDRT HIS WIFE 

OF THIS PARISH 8HB 

WAS BURIED JANUARY 

19»*» 1699 AGED 86 LEFT 

ISSUE ONE DAUGHTER. 

* He was Sheriff of Soasex that year. 
XXXIY. Q 



114 MONUMENTAL INSCRIPTIONS FROM THB 

Agaiost W. wall of Nave, near arch of N. Transept, a 
large mural tablet of white and yellow marble, sur- 
mounted by an urn. Below a shield with Crest : On a 
wreath or and gules a demi-lion rampant sable, langued 
gules, holding in dexter paw an arrow barbed and 
feathered argent. Arms : 1 and 4, Gules, on a fess or 
between three boars' heads couped argent a lion passant 
guardant between two pheons sable, Wyatt ; 2 and 3, Or, 
a chevron between three roses gules, seeded or, Bisshe : 
impaling, Azure, a cross moline or, Molyneux. 

Near this Place lieth the Body of 

RICHARD WYATT, E8Q' 

Sometime of Treemans in this Parish 

He Died in January 1753 

In the 64"> Year of His Age 

Also the Body of SUSANNA His Wife 

Dau' of the late S' THOMAS MOLYNEUX Kn' 

Of Losely in the County of Surry 

She Died the 29"» day of Jane 1774 

In the 73* Year of Her Age. 

On same wall, adjoining westwards, black marble 
tablet within a white marble frame and on a white 
marble slab. 

This Monument is erected 

As a Sacred tribute to the Memory 

of RICHARD WYATT Esq' of Treemans in this Parish 

Who DIED January IV^ 1816 Aged 67 Years 

He fulfilled his public duty as SHERIFF of the COUNTY 

and manifested by his example those mild & Christian yirtues 

By which he supported bis Sickness with fortitude 

and the pains of DEATH with resignation. 

Below a shield with arms of Wyatt, as above, sur- 
mounted by crest, the arrow or. 

EXTEACTS PROM THE PARISH REGISTERS OF 

HORSTED KEYNES, SUSSEX. 

The Reoibteb Booke op Horsted Gaines made Anno Dok. 1638. 

Christenings happeninge in the said P'ish. 

1 638 Edmund sonne of John Awcocke & Jane his wife baptized Ap. xt 
1642 Mary daughter of Erasmus Snell July the 30 



CHUEOH OP HOESTED KEYNES, SUSSEX. 115 

1644 Lawrence sonne of M' William Michilborne Esq. August the 4* 
1646-7 Sybill daughter of M' William Michilborne Febt. 22"> 
1647-8 John sonne of M^ Abraham Michilborne Jana. 8 

1648 Charles sonne of M*" William Michilborne July 23 

1649 George sonne to John Awcocke Aprill 12 

1649-50 Bridget the D. of M' Will : Michilbourae Esq. Bapt* Jan. 80 
„ Francis ye son of Fra' Luxfor** of Westhoadley Feb. 17 

Appointment of James Holford of the Parish Mercer according to the 
Act touching Marriages &c. Elected to be the P'ish Register Witnessid 
3 Nov. 1653. Signed Tho : Chalon'. 

Elizabeth the dafter of James Holford was boome 29 day March 1654 

Richard the sone of Francis Wyatt gentl. was borne the three aira 
twentieth day of June 1660 

John sone of James Holford was baptized 25 Jan. 1661-2 

Timothy the daughter of Francis Wyatt was bom the seaventh July 1661 

Mary the daughter of do. was born 7 July 1663 

Henry son of James Holford bap. 30 June 1664 

Mary Wyatt the d. of ffrancis Wyatt gent, bom 16 June 1668 

Audery Wyatt d. of do. was born 20 Aug. 1665 

Jane Wyatt the dauter of do. bora 8 Nov. 1667 

William Wyatt s. of do. born the twenty twoo day of June 1670 

James son of James Holford 1 May 1681 

Elizabeth d. of do. 19 Aug. 1683 

George s. of do. & Alse his wife 29 Jan. 1685-6 

fifrancis s. of M' F. Wiett and ... . was bap. 21 Aprell 1687 

Roger s. of do. & Elizabeth his wife bap. 7 Aug. 1688 

Mary d. of James Holford & Alee his wife bap. 1 Nov. 1688 

Richard s. of M' F. Wiatt & Eliz. his wife bap. 21 Dec. 1689 

James s. of James Holford & Alee his wife 26 Nov. 1690 

William s. of M' F. Wiatt & Eliz. 1 Feb. 1691-2 

Thomas s. of James Holford & Alee 4 Dec. 1694 

1706 Dec. 26 John son of M' Joseph Hanilen 

1706-7 Jan. 17 Anne d*"' of M' Thomas Osborne & M" Eliz^^ his wife 

1710 Nov. 22 George son of M' Tho. Pointin 

1711 July 13 Hannah d. of Francis Luxford 
1712-13 Jan. 3 Joseph s. of M' Tho. Pointin 

1714 Dec. 31 Gervas son off William Pigott of Broadhurst Esq. was 

bapt. 

1715 Dec. 31 Henry son of do. 
1719 Ap. 14 Robert son of do. 

1723 June 3 Alex' son of M' W. Dalmahoy Surgeon in Sonthwark 



116 MONUMENTAL INSCRIPTIONS FROM THE 

1782 Not. 23 Granado s. of M^" Thomas Piggot of Broadhant Genf^ 

1784 Jane 3 John son of M' Charles Baker Schoolm' 

„ Oct. 15 Eatherin danght/ of M^ Thomas Pigott of Broadhant 
Gent™ 

1786 July 18 Thomas s. of John Awcock Jxxn^ 

„ Ang. 17 Frances D. of Thomas Pigot Esq' 

1788 Elizabeth Daughter of Tho> Pigott Esq: & Catherine his wife 

Dec. 13 

1789 Thos. 8. of do. & do. Jan. 1«' 

1742 Citizen son of ye Eei^ W Ralph Glutton & Elizabeth his wife 
Bom March 25 Bap^* April 30. 

1747 Richard s. of John & Eliz. Stretfield Sep. 12 

1757 Granado Cnffy, a Black born in Gainea, Feb. 27 

1768 Thomas s. of Thomas & Mary Awcock July 81 

1770 Turner s. of Scipio & Mary Bristow Oct. 28 

1772 Mary d. of Thos : & Mary Awcock Aug. 30 from Fletchen 

1778 William Francis John son of W™ & Anne Ridley Not. 16 

1774 George s. of Thos. & Mary Awcock Sep. 4 

1783 Not 4 Fanny Eliza d. of James Phelp Esq' & Eleanor his wife 

1784 Aug. 25 Laura Eliza d. of do. & do. 

1788 Sep. 6 Elizabeth Frances D' of Thomas Wyatt Esq' & Sarah his 
wife 

1790 Feb. 7 Henry son of Thomas Wyatt, Esq' & Sarah Hay Patte- 

son his wife 

1792 Oct. 6 George son of do. & do. 

(Searched to 1812.) 

Marriages commencing 1638. 

1639 John Baker gent. & Frances Pankhurst Aug. 21"^ 

1644 Thomas Mascoll & Alee Nutforde Jan 9 (1644-5) 

1658 James Holford & Elezebeth Skeeper weare married 14 Dec. 

M' William Pellett and Mary Wood widdow gent, were married 15 day 
of Aug. 1666 

John Mills & Hanna Challener were married with license from the Aich 
Bishop (sic) of Chichester 8 of Aprele both of the Parish of 
Lingfield 

1707 Jan. 21 John Newnham & Anno Luxford both of Fletching married 
here on certificate 

„ Ap. 80 Thomas Stanley from Croydon & Eliz. Plett from God- 
stone married here on certificate from both Parishes 

7-8 Jan. 6 Jenkin Jones Schoolm' here and M" Mary Wood by 
license 



m mm r\ 



CH0fiCH OP HOBSTED KETNES, SUSSEX. 



117 



k 



na Fob. 13 William Pecklam from FritmfieM & Mrij Hart by 

license 
„ Nor. 13 Tbomas Stone & Eliz. Lcvett both of Worth by license 
1724 May 17 Emmanuel Huggat of Lingfield Surrey & Anne Welfare 

of H. K. 
1736-7 Feb. 1 M' Jeremiaa Dyson & Anne Hay both of thia Parish by 

license 
1740 Richard Alcock & Hannah Luxford Deo. 11 
1746-7 M' William Reading of Kimbel & M" Mary Anniateftd widow 

Feb. 5 

1749 Henry Freeman of Meastom' Surrey & Eliz. Langridge of this 

Parish May 15 

1750 James Ciwloncr & Eliz. Wing July 27 



(Searched to 1812.) 
Buriali commencing 1638. 
;638 B' Richard Michelborne Knight baried Septemb' s 



,, Nicolas Roots gent, Dec. x 
1C40 Cordell the Lady Micbelborne Septemb' j" 2 

1644 Anne Penree gentlewoma' July 8 

1645 M' John Skepper Reef Jan. 30 (1G45-C) 

1647 M" Penelope Michelbome wife to M' Abraham Micbelborne Janaa. 

11 (1647-8) 
1649 Lawrence sonce of M' William Micbelborne Esquire Ju!y 17 
„ M" Mary Ellyott y' Dangbt' of 6' Edward Burton of East 

Bourne in Sussex & wife to George Lllyott Ewj' of Qodal- 

minge in Surrey March 14 (1649-50) 
John son of James Holford bur, 24 Ap. 1658 
Elizabeth wife of do. 16 Aug. 1653 
James Holford 22 Nov. 1663 
Henry son of do. 5 Dee. 1663 
1664 Richard Cboles from " the furnace " 9 May 
1673 William eon of flfrancca Wyatt Gent. 10 May 
1673 M' ffrancca Wyatt Gent, was Buried 28 Febr.» (1673-4) 
1679 M' Giles Moore* Minester of ye P'ish was Buryed y' 3 day of 

October 
M' Stephen Pert Minester of jo P'ish was Buried 20 Sep. 1680 
M" Anno Micbelborne of Blamer 26 Mar. 1686-7 
Robert Laithlen'" Docktor was Buryed the 27 day of June 1684 

I Merslham- So pmnomioad loaattj at the presnnt time. 

• The ilaui giren on tbo mrinamotit&l awao U Uarch 4lh 

« The author of (ho Diiu7 printed in " Suasei Aroh. Call.," Tul. I. 

VThe Anih bishop of Gtajiguw. 



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!i.-/,f «•# ;r. yu:>> *.t '\.'.A *r. ."- • rjr..- :r.-.' i-.'-t-ir- F. "• K. for Francis 
yiit.t ;, fir.'l t\i\'ii I'i'f.J. Jri*! :>:!.. i.r.;?, wbicr* :s of brick, id mainly 
I fi'iffio <-fiiit«T \,*,\M'iui%\ Tr.r; Cf-iiTrc, toi^eri.cr with the intemml 
til, n(/rf«; with ihf; hU^'o rlato. There i.'j a fine oak-panclled room 



Chof 



CEUBCH OP HORSTED KEYNES, SUSSEX. 119 

1730 March 26 M' William Pigott only son of W°» Pigott Esq. deceased 
was buried in the South East corner of his own Chancel 

173 J March 18 Lucie an Infant dau' of M' Crawford 

1736 May 5 M' Benj : Colins Curate here was buried in the Chancel 

1737 Nov. 8 The Rev* M' Geo : Hay late Rector of this Parish wius 

buried in his Chancell 

1739 Thomas Alcock of Barkham March 28"» 

1740 M" Margaret Hay Widow of y« Rev'^M' George Hay late Rector 

of the Parish Ap* y« 17^ 

„ Elizabeth Daughter of Tho« Pigott Esq: & Catherine his Wife 

June 10 
„ Catherine wife of Tho* Pigott Esq. Not. 4 

1741 Citizen son of the Rev <> M' Ralph Glutton & Elizabeth his wife 

Nov. 12 

1743 Citizen son of do. & do. Ap. 13 
1745 Dorothy Alcock Aug. 9 

1748 M" Alice Avery Oct. 10 

1749 Thomas Pigott Esq : Feb. 22 

1753 Richard Wyatt Esq. May 11 

1754 M' Joseph Hamlin March 4^»» 
1756 Granado Pigott Esq. Sep. 15 

1759 Philadelphia D. of James & Anne Awcock May 6 

1760 M" Jane Hamlin Widow Jan 26 

1761 The Rev<> M' Ralph Glutton Late Rector of this Parish Ja"' 12 
1763 Francis Luxford Sen' Aug. 20 

1766 Widow Luxford April IV^ 
„ M" Martha Keeler died March 26 and was buried March 31 aged 
94 years & 8 months 

1770 Alexander son of M'^ Alexander Dalmahoy & Elizabeth his wife of 

S^ Martins Ludgate London March 9 

1771 Mary wife of Scipio Bristow July 30 

1772 The Rev* Ralph Glutton Junior late Rector of this Parish died 

April 13 and was buried April 18 1772 Aged 44 years 

„ Anne wife of James Awcock May 13 
. y, Thomas Awcock Jun' of Barkham May 14 

1773 William Francis John son of William & Anne Ridley Dec. 18 

1774 Susannah Wyatt from Cheam Widow of M' Rich* Wyatt of Tree- 

mans Gen* July 8 

1775 Ayliffe Phelp Relict of the Rev* Abraham Phelp Aug. 2 
1777 Frances Tufton widow Dec. 17 

1779 Rob* Wetherall Clerk Sep. 14 

1781 Oct. 11 Dame Awcock wife of Thos« Awcock 



SES 



4fi 




Bt sir G. F. DTJCEETT, EiET. 



CtiETEES OF THE ABBEY OF CLFNI : MOEE 

PAETICULAELY AFFECTING ITS AFFILUIED 

^^OET OF ST. PANCE.1S, AT LEWES. 

[ The National Archives of Franco erabraco a vast collec- 
tion of Chartularies and historical dociiraenta relating to 
the Abbey of Cluni. The greater part of tho Cluni 
Charters are in the possession of the National Library, 
but some are interspersed also among tho Archives of 
ancient Burgundy at Dijon, and those of the Department 
of Safine-et-Loire, at MAcon. 

Among the evidences of the Benedictine Abbey of CUini, 
aB far as research iiae at present enabled us to ascertain, 
those which relate to its English affiliation, the Priory of 
St. Pancras, are pt'rhaps, in an English point of view, of 
chief interest, in respect of the controverted question of 
the parentage of its co-foundress, Gundreda, Countessde 
Warenne. It had always been admitted that, in addition 
to the charters quoted by Dugdale in his " Mona^ticon," 
other evidences of this Priory were somewhere in exis- 
tence, although difficult to be traced, and it was hoped 
that the collection of original documents recently 
submitted to the British Archaeological Association at 
Brighton, forming part, until lately, of the Chapter- 
Uouse Records at Westminster, were some, at any rate, 
of which antiquaries were iu search. 

It was nevertheless among tho original evidences of 
the niotber-oommnnity of the Abbey of Cluni, that the 
chief hope of discovering the Foundation Charter of Lewes 
Priory, and obtiiining other satisfactory solution of the 
Gundreda difficulty, was predir;ted; although the exis- 
tence or QOD-existence of any such evidence was a matter 
lived in considerable doubt. 



122 CHABTBBS OP THE ABBEY OP CLUNI. 

One point has at length been solved in this matter, the 
discovery, namely, among the Cluni * charters, of the 
original Confirmation and Deed of grant of that Priory. 
No other documentary evidence, however, has hitherto 
been discovered tending to solve the question of Gun- 
dreda's Royal descent, but there is every hope of obtain- 
ing direct evidence of the fact. 

The document in question, hereto annexed, is in the 
most perfect preservation, and heads a series of other 
historical records relating to our earliest Norman rulers. 

Apart from its chief importance and bearing on the 
above-named controverted point, the document is of great 
historic interest and value. It fills up omissions and cor- 
rects the imperfect copy of the same charter which the 
late Mr. Blaauw had used in his paper in disproof of 
Mr. Stapleton's assertions [" Archaeologia," XXXII., 
123] (taken by him from a printed copy in the " Biblio- 
theca Cluniacensis ; " Martinus Marrier and Andreas 
Quercetanus, Paris, 1614), and the witnesses to its attes- 
tation are some of the most noted persons of that early 
date. Among these, in addition to the Conqueror, are 
his Queen Matilda; his son Wm. Rufus (here unusually 
styled comes) ; William de Warenne and his wife Gun- 
dreda ; Robert de Bellomonte (Earl of Mellent) ;^ his 
brother Henry de Bellomonte (Earl of Warwick) ;* Robert 
Giffard;® Roger de Mortimer;* Geoffrey de Calvo Monte j* 

^ Robert Count de Beaumont, son of Boger de Bellomonte ; recorded for hiB 
valour and prowess at the Battle of Hastings. His last signature as " Bellomonte*' 
was in 1081, subscribed to the confirmation of a charter to the Abbey of F^camps. 
From that date his signature occurs as Count de Meulent, the title which he 
held OB the death of his mother. He was created Earl of Leicester bj K. Henry 
I., whose army he commanded in 1106 in Normandy. His 2nd wife was Slixabeth 
de Vermandois, who deserted him for William, second Earl of Warren and Surrey. 

* Brother to the foregoing Robert de Beaumont ; created afterwards Earl of 
Warwick. On the death of the Conqueror both he and his brother sided with 
Rufus. 

3 Mentioned by O. Vitalis as joining the expedition in 1084 under Robert Gnisoard. 
At that time, following in the Gonqueror^s train, were several Giffards : — B^renger 
Giffard ; Gantier Giffard ; Osberne GifiEard. (List of the Conqueror's followers, by 
Delisle, 1862, Caen.) 

* Dugdale, quoting William de Jumi^ge, says, that ho was allied by blood to the 
xKjueror, his mother being niece to Gunnora, wife of Richard, Duke of Nor- 

^^y? great-grandfather of the Conqueror. 

mana^^ness to a deed in the Chartulary of the Holy Trinity at Caen. 
* Wi^ 






CHARTERS OP THE ATIEEY OP CLUNI. 123 

iftlpli, the Steward of tbe Household ;" and Maurice, 
the King's Chancellor/ 

The value of this original record cannot be over-esti- 
mated, for admitting that no mention is made in it of 
Gundreda's relationship to Queen Matilda or the King, and 
obviously so, for both were alive at the time, still we glean 
from it corroborative facts of equal significance. It is 
the very charter which was wanted to upset the theory of 
the non-validity of de Warenno's second Charter of Foun- 
dation, granted to Lewes Priory in the time of Rufus, for 
de Wareune ospecially refers to it in that very second 
charter, where, in speaking of the Conqueror, he says : — 
"Qui meam priorem donalionem confirmavit;" and it 
strengthens and confirms many points, which, although 
needing no additional confirmation, have been so un- 
scrupulously raised of late into matters of doubt where 
none existed. With respect, for instance, to the title 
of " Comes" given to Rufus in this document. This 
designation is given to him when witnessing the charter 
of St. Stephen at Caen (1077), tliough it is absent in 
Domesday. It is also added to the name of hia elder 
brother Robert (Neuat. Pia, 648), and is given to both, 
when witnessing tlie charter of the St. Trinity at Caen 
(1082). The plain inference from this is, that Gomes 
and Comitissa were the titles of the Conqueror's and 
Matilda's issue. Gundreda is repeatedly styled " Comi- 
tissa," and although we have cause to know that Comes 
(Warenne) of Domesday would justify this designation of 
bis wife, we now find every reason to believe that Gun- 
dreda was styled " Oomttissa " as the King's daughter, 
irrespective of her husband's position, more especially 
where she is named with Henry I ; — " In Norfolcia," Kar- 
letuna," &c., quam dedit Matildia regina, Mater Henrici 
Regis et GuudredEe comitissoi. 

Now the falsification and forgery of ancient records 
has often been very conveniently urged of late, in cases 
where " the nut was found somewhat too hard to crack," 

Bappoiatod in I07T (Spolmon). 



124 CHARTERS OP THE ABBEY OP OLUNI. 

but we unhesitatingly affirm that the absence of all allusion 
to Gundreda's paternity in this original charter is one of 
the greatest possible proofs of the genuineness of de 
Warenne*s second charter of foundation. It was natural 
and necessary that after the death of his wife and her 
relations, the founder should enter into detail and par- 
ticulars, and allude amongst other matters to Queen 
Matilda as " Mater uxoris mece.^^ These particulars were 
in this case doubly requisite, first because, as we know, 
the repeated confirmation of a charter became absolutely 
necessary in the feudal system ; and secondly because 
the monks of Lewes pointed out to de Warenne, on the 
accession of Rufus, that the convent had no authentic 
muniment to produce ; their first charter, confirming their 
deed of gift having been lodged at Cluni. 

The foundation of the Priory of St. Pancras was first 
made, as will be apparent, by the " advice " of the King, 
and this, of itself, is a corroborative proof of some close 
connection, and displays the interest which the King took 
in its founders. But it will also be seen with greater 
interest and some surprise to those who deny or disbelieve 
in Gundreda's Royal descent, that some (if not all the 
lands forming the first foundation of the Priory) were 
lands of her dower, if not of her inheritance, for it will 
probably by further research transpire that they formed 
part of Q. Matilda's portion.® Falemeta ** sicut tenebat 
earn supradicta uxor mea " (hodie Palmer, in Lewes dis- 
trict) was one of these ; and Suamberga (which we iden- 
tify as Swanborough, Swanberg), was probably another, 
with the lands omitted to be named by the scribe. These 
grants of land bespeak importance and position, and are 
corroborative and undeniable facts. The order, also, in 
which the names are subscribed in the original charter is 
significant, but cannot be conveniently shown in the 
annexed copy. 

' We observe, sinoe penning' the foregoing, that the late Mr. Blaauw confirms 
our view, and makes no quest 'on about Matilda. His words are : — " Gundreda 
contributed her own land at Falmer, which her mother, Queen Matilda, had given 
her." (" Sussex Arohaeological Collections/' II., 9 ; *' Archax)logia," XXXfT.) 



CnABTEES OF THE] ABHET OP CLUNI. 



125 



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126 CHARTERS OP THE ABBEY OP CLUNI. 

We may, in conclusion, observe that the inquiry re- 
specting the Cluni charters, was most courteously made 
at our instigation by the French Ambassador, who un- 
hesitatingly took up the matter, though not falling within 
the scope of his diplomatic position. 

The result of his Excellency's inquiry is as follows : — 

(Copy.) 
Direction Paris, le 28 Ootobre, 1885. 

DE LA 

Biblioth4:que 

Nationale. KAdministrateur g^n^ral, 

Monsieur TAmbassadeur & trfes honor^ confrere. 
Les chartes de Tabbaye de Cluni ne donnent pas le 
moyen d'dclaircir la question au sujet de laquelle vous a 
6crit Sir George Duckett. La qualification de " fille du 
Roi '* n'est point donn^e a Gondreda dans la charte de 
f ondation du prieur6 de Saint-Pancrace de Lewes, qui est 
conservde en original a la Bibliothdque nationale. cTai 
rhonneur de vous envoyer la copie de cette charte, que 
j'ai faite ligne pour ligne et lettre pour lettre. La pifeoe 
est d'une conservation parfaite ; elle ouvre la s^rie des 
actes des rois d' Angleterre, qui sont group^s dans une de 
nos galeries d'exposition. 

Veuillez agrder, je vous prie, Monsieur TAmbassadeur, 
& trfes honord confrere, I'assurance de ma haute consid^ 
ration, & de mon entier devouement. 

L. Delisle. 



AlOGICAL MEMOEMDA EELATING TO 

ITHE FAMILY OF "WHITE OF HORSHAM, 

ISTEYMKG, SHIPLEY, AKD COWFOLD, CO. 

SrsSEX, OF MITCHAM, CEOYDON, AND 

reigate, co. surrey, and of london, 
lWith pedigree. 

Bv E. GAERAWAT BICE, Esq. 



; family of White, of HorsLam, now apparently ex- 
tinct in the male line, can lay claim to some antiquity. 
Although never occupying a particularly prominent place 
in the county, they held, at least for some generations, a 
very respectable position, and were connected by mar- 
riage with several well-known Sussex families. By 
referring to the accompanying extracts from numerous 
parish registers it will be seen that members of the 
family migrated to various places; one branch was, how- 
ever, connected with Horsham and its neighbourhood for 
upwards of three hundred years. 

"Rycherd Wliyte the elder," who was buried at Hor- 
sham on 1st July, 1551, appears to have been the 
progenitor of the family. It would seem that he had a 
Bon, viz., Richard White, who was also buried at Hor- 
sham on 24th of May, 1620, and who is described in his 
burial entry as " an ancient Howshoulder." He was 
probably the founder of the fortunes of the family, and 
appears to have been by trade a " blacksmith,"' and in 
that capacity his name is frequently mentioned in the 
Churchwardens' accounts.' It is not unlikely that he was 
also engaged in the iron-smelting trade, whicli at that 
time was a great industry in Sussex. Tiiat he was a 
mau of some substance, and able to give his sons a good 

' See poit p. Ifii. 



128 ME WHITE i'AMrLY Ot HOESHAM, EfO. 

start in life is evident, for his eldest son Richard, who 
also appears at one time to have been connected with the 
iron trade, although finally a yeoman, was one of three 
inhabitants of Horsham who were fined £10 apiece about 
the year 1630 for neglecting to take up their knight- 
hood.^ Matthew, his second son, was, it would seem, 
also a yeoman ; and Samuel, his third son, who is 
described as of Horsham, gentleman, was probably an 
attorney. 

From the middle of the 17th century the family appears 
to have adopted the profession of the law. One branch 
settled at Steyning, and was seated there for about 
seventy years. " Mr. Richard White, Attourny," ap- 
parently the last male of that branch, was buried in 
Steyning Church on 21st Sept., 1703. Another branch 
settled in London, for it appears that Matthew White, 
baptised at Horsham on the 23rd Nov., 1617, and who 
died before the 7th March 1669-70, was, at the time of 
his death, of St. Botolph, Aldersgate, London, Citizen and 
Merchant Taylor. 

Thomas White, of Horsham, gent., nephew of Richard, 
who was fined for knighthood, was appointed a seques- 
trator of the "Vicarage House of Horsham,'* etc., in 
1643.^ He also appears to have been by profession an 
attorney, and a well-to-do man. By his second marriage 
with Margaret, a daughter and co-heiress of Matthew Tay- 
lor, Citizen and Grocer of London, he had issue, besides a 
son who died young and four daughters, a son and suc- 
cessor, viz., Thomas White, Esq., who, during his father's 
lifetime, was elected M.P. for Horsham, his native place. 
He was probably a barrister, and for a few years resided 
at Mitcham, co. Surrey, where most of his children were 
born. He evidently raised the family in social position, 
and was finally of Shipley, co. Sussex, Esq. The seal 
with which he sealed his will bears the rough representa- 
tion of a bird [Pcock], and it is perhaps an impression 
from the " Scale ringe '* which he received by direction 
of the will of his grandfather, Matthew Taylor, who 

' See " Suss. Arch. Coll.," Vol. XVI., p. 49, also post p. 156. 
' See post p. 156. 



THE WniTE FAMILY OF HORSHAM, ETC. 



129 



wqueatUcd "unto ray Grandsonne Thomas White my 
Seale ringe and my Tobacco box," 

The "Whites of Horsham do not ever appear to have 
home arms, and they were probably iu no way related to 
the family of that name seated at " Nordiam and Winchel- 
sea," in the same oounty, who returned their pedigree 
in the Visitation of Sussex 1633-4, and bore for arms : — 
Paly of six, or and as. on a chief of the second a griffin, 
passant, of the first. 

Thomas White, Esq., above-mentioned, married Jane 
Pellatt, daughter of William Peilatt, who was of the 
Bignor family of that name, and by her he had, with 
other issue, a son, AViUiain AVhite, finally of Horsham, 
gent., who, by direction of his father's will, was to be 
educated "in the practice of the Law." WilHam White, 
gent., had issue by Bethia his wife, besides other children 
who died young, two sons and four daughtcr.^^. Tlie latter 
married respectively with John Sbelli.-y, of Field Place, 
in Warnliam, Esq., J.P.; Charles Pilfold, of Wainhara 
and of Effingham, co. Surrey, gent., grandfather of tlie 
poet Shelley'; the llev. John Woodward, Hector of West 
Grinstcad; and Sir Ferdinando Poole, of Lewes, Bart. 
The Rev. Thomas White, LL.B., fiftli son of William 
White above-named, became Rector of Faccombo and 
Tangley, co. Hants. William White, the third, but eldest 
surviving son, was for some time of Horsham, but finally 
of Cowfold, CO. Susses, gent. He died in 1802, and left 
two sons, viz., Charles White, of Gratwick, in the parish 
of Cowfold, Esq., who died unmarried in 1829, and 
James White, Esq., of Wooldringfold, in the same parish, 
which he had built in the early part of the present cen- 
tury. He married in 1805 Sarah Hughes, but died 
without issue in 1844, when the family appears to have 
become extinct. His widow survived until 1860, and 
dying at Worthing was buried with her husband at Cow- 
fold. 

From the foregoing remarks it will be seen that the 
White family were connected with the county of Sussex 
for very many years, and that members of it contracted 



130 THE WHITE FAMILY OP HORSHAM, ETC. 

alliances with several well-known and influential Sussex 
families, and to those already mentioned may be added 
that of Barttelot of Stopham, and Mitchell of Stamerham 
in Horsham, also Harp^rave of London, and Heathfield of 
Croydon. The curious way in which they intermarried 
with some half-a-dozen families, who were also connected 
by marriage, will be seen by reference to the somewhat 
intricate pedigree given on page 160. 

EXTRACTS FROM PARISH REGISTERS RELATING TO 

MEMBERS OF THE FAMILY OF WHITE AND THE 

PERSONS WHOM THEY MARRIED. 

CooMBES CO. Sussex.^ 
Man-iage, 
1710 Dec. 28 Walter Bartelott, Esq. and Mary White, Widow of 
Steyuiiig. 

CowFOLD CO. Sussex.® 
Marriage, 
1805 April 30 James White bachelor, and Sarah Hughes spinster, both 
of this parish. By Licence, In the presence of Wm Margesson., 
Mary Margesson., Elizabeth Hughes. 

Burials, 
1829 June 18 Charles White [of] Cowfold [aged] 56 years. 
1844 Dec. 11 James White, Esq. [of] Cowfold [aged] 68 yrs. 
I860 Nov. 6 Sarah White [of] Wooldringfold in Cowfold [aged] 84 
years. 

Croydon co. Surrey.^ 
Burials, 
1741 June 17 Mary Heathfield® wife of John. 
1776 Not. 22 John Heathfield Esq"", aged 78. 

Greatham CO. Sussex.^ 
Marriage, 
1723 May 23 W" Pellett of Penhiipo Surry, Esq. & Margaret White of 
Gretham. 

Horsham go. Sussex.^^ 

MaiTiages, 

157| Jan. 17 Richard White m to Mary KyiOfin, both single & of this 

P'ish. 
1613 May 2 Richerd White and Joane Grumbridge. 

* From " Burrell MS.,'» viz., " Add. MS./' Brit. Mub., No. 6698, p. 892, pencil 
fo. 192. 

• The writer is indebted for these entries to the Eev. James Browell, Vicar of 
Cowfold, who kindly searched the re^ster for him. 

f Copied from the Parish Register by the writer. 

■ Danghter of Thomas White, of Shipley, co. Sussex, Esq. 

» From " Burrell MS./' viz., •* Add. MS.," Brit. Mus., No. 5699. 
>• So in the MS., but correctly Pendhill. 
11 Copied from the Parish Begister by the writer. 



\ 



THE WHITE FAMILY OF HORSHAM, ETC, 131 

1675 Aug 12 Robert Michell gent. & M" Margaret White, Spinster, 

Married. 
1682 Oct. 19 Mathew White Gent, and Mary Higgombottom, Widdow, 

both of this Parish, Married. 
1752 Dec. 22 John Shelly Esq^ and M" Mary White. 
1762 May 4 N<> 138. Charles Pilfold of the Parish of Warnham cO. 

Sussex, Yeoman, and Bithia White of the Parish of Horsham, 

Spinster, by Licence. 

Baptisms, 
1548 Aug. 12 Mary the dowghter of Rycherd Whyte & Alys hy6 wyfe. 
155^ Feb. 21 Margaret the dowghter of Rycherd Whyte now dede & 

Alys hys wyfe. 
1563 Aug. 22 Mary daughter of Richard White. 
1577 Sep. 4 Mary daughter of Richard White & Mary. 
158^ Mch. 21 Richard son of Richard White by Mary. 
1584 Nov. 11 Mathew son of Richard White by Mary. 
158| Mch. 23 Samuell son of Richard White by Mary. 
1588 Nov. 3 Joane^^ daughter of John Grnmbridge by Joane. 

1614 May 22 Richerd son of Mathew White by Lea. 

1615 Dec. 17 Thomas son of Mathew White by Lea. 

16{4 Jft^' 1^ Elizabeth daughter of Richard White by Joane. 
1617 Nov. 23 Mathew son of Mathew White by Lea. 

1619 Aug. 8 Lea daughter of Richard White by Joane. 

1620 June 14 Samewell son of Mathew White by Lea. 

1621 May 6 Mary daughter of Richard White by Joane. 

162| Feb. 15 Lea daughter of Mathew White by Lea, Bapt., and buried 
the 20th. 

1624 Apl. 14 Rachell daughter of Richard White by Joane. 

1625 Aug. 10 Mary daughter of Mathew White by Lea. 

1626 Sep. 17 Richardson of Richard White by Joane. 
163^ Jan. 13 Samuell son of Mathew Wiiite by Leah. 

163^ Mch. 2 1 Richard son of Richard White, Gent, by Mary. 

1658 Apl. 24 Robert^^ gon of Edward Michell, Esq. by Mary born 

Aprill 10th. 
1660 June 21 Jane daughter of Thomas White, gent, by Margret, borne 

May 31. 
1663 July 3 Elizabeth daughter of Thomas White, gent, by Margret, 

born June y® 7. 
1665 Mch. 29 Mathew son of Thomas White, gent, by Margret born 

March y« 21. 
1667 May 24 Tliomas son of Thomas White, gent, by Margret born 

May y® 2^ . 
1669 Apl. 15 Frances daughter of Thomas White, gent, by Margret 

born April 1. 
1678 Nov. 12 Mathew White y* son of Mary Barnard borne out of 

Wotilock M"" ^Mathow White the reputed Father as she 

affirmcth, borne the 8^'* of Nouember. 

'* She married Richard White, of Tlorshara, Yeoman. 

13 He married Margaret, daughter of Thomas White, of Horsham, Gent. 



132 THE WHITE FAMILY OP HORSHAM, ETC. 

1703 June 3 Bethiah^* Daugh. of John Waller, Inholder. 
172f Feb. 20 Charlesi^ son of M' John Pillfold by Mary. 
178^ Feb. 25 Thomas son of M' William Wite by Bethyah. 
173i Jan. 25 Mary daughter of M' William White by Bethyah. 
173f Mch. 6 William son of M' William White by Bethiah. 
1735 Aug. 27 Margret daughter of M"^ William White by Bethia. 
1737 Apl. 13 William son of M' William White by Bethiah. 

1739 Oct. 31 Bethiah daughter of M"- William White by Bethiah. 

1741 Nov. 27 Henry son of M' William White by Bethiah. 
1743 Aug. 31 Eliz'^ daughter of M' William White by Bethia. 
1745 Sep. 13 Thomas son of M' William White by Bethiah. 

1749 Apl. 14 Sharlott daughter of M' William White by Bethiah. 

Burials. 

1551 July 1 Ryeherd Whyte the elder. 

1552 May 13 Margaret the dowghter of Ryeherd Whyt now dede and 

Alys hys wyfe. 
1594 Oct. 26 Mary White a mayden. 
]60| Mch. 4 Marie the wif of Richard White. 
1611 May 16 Thomas White an ould Bachelor. 
1615 Sep. 15 Mary daughter of Richarde White, iun. 
1620 May 24 Richard White an ancient Howshoulder. 
1626 Dec. 19 Samuell White, Gent. 
16|-J Mch. 16 Joane the wife of Richard White. 
1641 July 30 Richard White, Houshoulder Killed by John Browne his 

neere neighbor with a strok with a staff. 
164| Feb. 24 Samuell the son of Mathew White. 
1651 Dec. 27 Richard White, gent. 

1655 Mch. 26 Jane the wife of Thomas White, gent. 

1656 July 7 Mathew White an ould Man, dyed at Chisworth. 
1666 June 8 Mathew the son of Thomas White, gent, a Child. 

1668 Aug. 4 Lea White, Widdow. 

1669 June 19 Margret the wife of Thomas White, gent. 

167f Feb. 19 Frances White, a Child, the Daught. of Thomas White, 

gent. 
1679 May 1 Margaret^^ the wife of Robert Michel, Gent. 
1681 Mch. 28 John Higgombottom, Gent. Housholder^^. 
1695 Nov. 15 Samewell Whight, Gent. 
170| Feb. 19 Mahew {sic) Whight, Gent. 
1719 July 20 Thomas White, Gent. 
1729 Aug. 10 Robert Michell, E8q^l8 
173J Feb. 18 M" Jane White, Widdow. 
1733 Aug. 9 William Son of M*" William White. 

1740 Dec. 11 Margret daughter of M"" William White. 

1742 Apl. 8 Henry son of M'^ William White. 

14 oi.«, married William White, of Horsham, Gent. 

\rried Bethia, daughter of Wiiliain White, of Horsham, Gent, 
^^r of Thonms White, of Horsham, Gent, 
asband of Mary, wife of Matthew White, of Horsham, Gent, 
id of Margaret, daughter of Thomas White, of Horsham, Gent. 



THE WHITE FAMILY OF HORSHAM, ETC. 133 

1764 Mch. 9 William White, Gent. 

1764 Sep. 8 M« Bathia White Widow. 

1765 Mch. 8 Henry White, Gent, a Batchelor. 

1779 Jane 10 Bethiai«> the wife of M' Chas Pilfold. 
1784 July 6 Master Henry White, a youth. 

1788 Oct. 8 The Reverend Thomas White, Clerk, Rector of Faccomb 

and Tangley Hants. 
1790 Aug. 1 M' Charles Piifold^o from Effingham. 
1802 June 7 William White, Esq'. 

Lewes go. Sussex, All Saikts Pabish.^^ 

Baptisms, 
1658 Oct. 25 Jane d. of M' Thos White of Horsham & Jane. 

Burials, 
1658 Dec. 22 Jane d. of M' Thos Whitt. 

London, St. Dunstan in the East.^ 

Marriage, 
1656 July 28 M' Thomas White, of St. Dunstan in the West, Gent, & 
M" Margaret Taylor of this parish, Spinster. 

London, the Fleet.^^ 

Marriage. 

1780 Apl. 28 William White, Gent, of Horsham and Bathia Waller of 

the same, Spinster (" private "). 

MiTCHAM CO. SURREY.2* 

Marriage. 
1695 Dec. 80 M' Thomas White & M^' Jane Pellat (at Tooting). 

Baptisms, 
1678 Aug. 14 Jane2« dau. of M"* William Pellat. 
1697 July 24 Mary dau. of M' Thomas White. 

1700 May 28 Matthew son of M' Thomas White. 

1701 July 1 Thomas son of M' Thomas White. 
170| Jan. 19 Margaret dau. of M' Thomas White. 
170| Mch. 23 Will*" son of Thomas White, Esq'' 
1706 July 21 Henry son of M*^ Thomas White. 

Burials. 
1700 Apl. 9 Jane dau. of M' Tho: White. 

1700 Aug. 22 Mathew son of M' Thomas White. 

1701 Sep. 16 Thomas son of M' Tho: White. 

*• Daughter of William White, of Horsham, Gent. 

*• Hasband of Bethia, daughter of William White, of Horsham, Gent. 

" From "Barren MS." viz., "Add. MS.," Brit. Mus., No. 6698, pp. 175 and 
177, pencil folios 98 and 94. 

** The writer is indebted for this entry to G. E. Cokayne, Esq., Norroj King of 
Arms. 

>» " History of the Fleet Registers," &c., by J. S. Burn. 2nd Ed., London, 
1834, p. 126. 

*♦ Copied from the Parish Register by the writer. 

" She married Thomas White, of Shipley, co. Sussex, Esq. 



136 THE WHITE FAMILY OP HOESHAM, ETC. 

of these " Slabs '' were to be found, either in the church 
or churchyard, in June, 1878, it is probable that they 
were destroyed, with several others, when the church was 
restored some few years ago. Unfortunately Dallaway 
has, probably by an error, omitted the year of death from 
the inscription to Matthew White, and the month given, 
viz., " Dec. 15 " does not agree with any burial entry of 
that name recorded in the register. Sir William Burrell, 
who visited Horsham Church on 27th Sept., 1773,^ 
does not give the inscriptions from, or even mention 
these "Slabs." 

" William White, died March 2, 1764, aged 60/' 
"Mathew White, died Dec. 15, aged 60." 

On a white marble tablet^* fixed to the south wall in 
the tower of Horsham Church : — 

TO THE MEMORY OF 

THE REVD THOMAS WHITE LL.B. 

LATE RECTOR OF FACCOMBE AND TANGLBY IN THE 

COUNTY OF SOUTHAMPTON, YOUNGEST SON OF 

WM WHITE ESQR AND BATHIA HIS WIFE 

LATE OF HORSHAM. 

THE REV© THOMAS WHITE DIED AT THIS RECTORY 

ON THE BOTH DAY OF SEPT. 1788 AGED 44. 

Beloved and lost he lies consigned to earth 
In the same parent soil which gave him birth ; 
With kindred ashes mix'd, graced by their tears, 
Who watched with heavy hearts, his wasting years, 
Not to surviving friends his tale wo tell 
Too well survivors know the loss they feel 
Nor need the poet's or the sculptor's aid 
To mark the spot, where their dear friend is laid 
Let virtuous strangers heave a sigh, let those 
Who seek the mansion where the just repose 
When they shall trace in days of future date, 
Within these walls the sad records of fate 
Pause on the virtues which this stone adorn 
And read the merits of the man we mourn 
His inborn worth with social sweetness joined 
The mild forbearance of his manly mind, 
This soul that scorn'd to wear the glos of art : 
The warm afifections of his friendly heart, 
His nobler praise a course from earliest youth. 
In the straight paths of honor and of truth. 

38 " Burrell MS.," viz., " Add. MS.,'* Brifc. Hub.. No. 5698, p. 430, ponoil fo. 209. 

»» Copied in Nov., 1878, by the writer. An abstract of this insoription is given 
in Dallaway by Cartwright, ** History of Western Sussex," Vol II., pt. 2, p. 357, but 
it is too late in date for Sir Wm. Burrell, who visited the church on 27 Sep. 1773. 



THE WHITE FAMILY OF HOKSHAM, ETC. 



Stevnino CO. StriHEX.'" 

On a Sussex marble Ledger at the west end of the 
South Aisle : — 

HEIiE LIKTH Y BODY 

OP RICHARD WFIITK 

GENT WHO DEPARTED 

THIS LIFE THE la'^" DAY 

OF SEpT AN'' DOM 17.. .3 

Agfd 65 Years. 

SlOrHAM CO. SOBSBS," 

" On a Black Marble Tablet affixed to the North "Wall 
of the Chancel " : — 

" Here licth the Body of lanbel the Wfe of Walter Bartollot Esq, 
who dopaited tliis Lifo March the SD" In the year of Our Lord 1707. 
AIeo near this Flaee lieth Mary<^ the second Wife of the above Baid 
Walter BartelJot, who departed this Life the 29"" of June in the year 1721. 

Underneath this plncQ lieth the Body of Walter Qartellot, Esq. who 
departed this Life the fourth of Jai)ua.ry, 1743, in the 79* year of hia 
age." 

Wauniiam CO- SrasBS, 

TliG following inscription was in the church when 
Sir AVm. Burrell visited it in Aug., 1773," but he 
does not state its position. It is said by Dallaway** to 
have been in the " South Chancel," and as it cannot now 
be found, it is probably covered by the wooden flooring. 

" In a Vnult nndemeath lieth interred the Body of Mary the Wife 
of John Shelley, Esq'- Who died January 4"" 1759, aged 27 Years." 

Dallawaj" states that the following inscription was on 
a "Slab" in the "South Chancel." Like the previous 
one it is now either gone or covered. 

" John Shelley, Esq. oh. Oct. 4, 1790, Bt. 61." 

*' Dallawa? giTes an abstract of this iascriptiati (" Hietorr ot Western SnsBei," 
Ed. 1830, Vol. IL, p. 169), but places it andcr tho head of ■> Moral HonnineiitB." 
The Blune doea not appear, bawoTei', to hovo eyer been fixed to the wall of tho 
ohorcli. The third figora in the datd ia now qiiiie effaced. Dnllaway (riTsa the date 
u " 1753 ; " thia it clearly an error, for it ie otident from the regiitter that it sboald 
bo 1703. Sir Wm. Barroll AvB» not mention this iascription in his Stefning 
ohnrch-notea entered in " Add. US.," Brit Mdb., So. G,69S, p. 511, penoil fo. 248. 

« From •■ BnrreU MS., vis. " Add. MS.," Urit. Mas., No. e,6a9. 

" Beliet o( Riobard White ot Stoyning', eo. Sxiticx, Gent., Attomoy-at-Law. She 
is called incorrectly in iho pedigree nt Bortellot, given in Siua. Aroh. Coll., 
Vol, XSVri., p. 68, "widow (if John White, £b<|., of ateyning." 

•> " BurroU US.," ri*. " Add. MS.." Brit, Mui,, No. e,S98, p. G26, peticil fo, 3U. 
8m alio Sdu. Arch. Coll.. Vol. XXXIll., p. 147. 
— ** " Hlatorjr of Wctttirn SnEaei," Dallan-ay t>j- Cnrl*rig!il, Vol. tl., pt. 2. p. 371. 



138 THE WHITE FAMILY OP HOESHAM, ETC. 

West Grinstbad co. Sussex.*^ 

On a "Mural Monument." 

** Elizabeth, third daughter of William White, of Horsham, Esq. wife 
of the Rev. John Woodward, rector of this parish, died Jane 26, 1797, 
aged 53." 

" Also the Rev. John Woodward died May 5, 1807, aged 73." 

ABSTRACTS OF WILLS AND ADMINISTRATIONS 
OF MEMBERS OF THE FAMILY OF WHITE AND ALSO 
THOSE OF SOME OF THE PERSONS WHOM THEY 

MARRIED. 

Abstraot of the Will op Samuel White. (** Archdeaconry Court 
of Chichester,*' Vol. XVIL, fo. 144.) 

12 June 1626, 2nd Charles " I Samuell White of the Pish of Horsham 
in the County of Sussex weake of bodey . . . my bodey I comite to 
the erth to expecte the generall resurrectione. . . to Mathew White the 
younger sonne of Mathewe White my brother of Horsham and to his 
Heeres all y^ my house and land " etc. in Horsham called Su'mers, but if 
he died without children then ** unto Thomas Whitte the second sonne 
of Mathewe Whitte my brother aforesayd, and to his Heeres for erer,*' 
and to said Mathew White '* fower score pounds," to be employed by his 
father to his behoof until his marriage or age of 21 years, also a bed, 
spoons, etc. but if he died then to said Thomas White. — ^* to my Consen 
Henry Meapones fower children '' £10 apiece at their days of marriage 
or ages of 21 years, the said. money to be employed by my exor, and their 
father.— "to Rachell White the Daughter of Richard White my 
elder brother" 20» at her age of 16 years. — "to Sarah Bushnell my 
Goddaughter " 20* . — " I glue to the sayd Thomas White my brothers 
second sonne all my bookes of what sort and kinde soever, the rest of my 
goods ungiven I bequeath to Mathewe White my brother whom I make 
my executor.'* Signed : — ** Samuell White ... in the p^'sence of 
Frances Bushnell, the marke of Thomas Worshfold, Martha Pleadger." 

Proved 31 May 1627 by Mathew White, brother of deed, and 
executor. 

Abstract op the Will op Richard White. (P.C.C. 142 Evelyn.) 

3 Aug 1637 '* I Richard White of Horsham in the County of Sussex, 
Yeoma' being sicke in body . . . my body I comitt to the earth'*— 
to the church of Chichester 6^ — ** to Elizabeth White my daughter** — 
property etc. in Horsham bought of Bristowe Sharpe. — to my son 
Richard White at his age of 21 yrs — ** to Leath White my daughter" at 
her age of 21 yrs. — to Mary my daughter — my ** houses and landes lying 
neere Burchen bridge " — " to Rachell White my daughter" at her age of 
21 yrs. — Residue " to Johan my wife and Elizabeth my daughter whome 
I make whole and sole Executrixes of this my last will and Testament^ I 
in treat my brothers {sic) Mathew White and Richard Waller*^ to be 

«• *' History of Western Sussex," Dallaway by Cartwright, Vol. IL, pt. 2, p. 817. 
*' He marned a sister of Johan, wife of Richard White. See extniota from the 
^ill of John Ghroombridge, pott p. 148. 



THE WHITE FAMILY OF HOESHAM, ETC. 



f this my will," and giro to each nf tljcui 20*. Signed : — 

" Riciiard White ... in j° [ir'sL-uoe of Mathuw White, the murko of 
Joliii Niishe, theinarke of Joliii Saver." 

PrOTod V2 Nov. 1041 bj EiizubeLli White daughter of deed, and one 
of Ihe executrixoe, Johan White the oilier executriK being dead. 

ABaTHAor OF thb Will of Ricuirh Whitb. {P.C.C. V2 Fairfax.) 
IG Nov. 16^8. "I Richard White tie elder of Steaninge in the 
Count; of 8n«BeK, gent, being infiime in boddj." — to the poor of 
8t«Aninge SO' — " Dnlo ray lovinge wife Mary White " lands etc in West 
Ureensted co. 8us«ex called Easiconrt Land and Hatherell, tny ineadow 
ID Sceaiiinge cnllcd Dunalake with the Horaeleee thereto belonginge — 
" my three daughters " — to my son Richard — to my dau. Mary — to mj' 
dau. Dorothy — to my dau, Elizabeth. — Besidue of goods etc " to my saide 
wife Mary White whome I make sole Executrix . . . and 1 desire my 
loruing Father Mathew White of Horsham and ray brother Thomas 
Wbile gent, of the same, to be aydingc and assistinge to my saide 
Executrix" Signed: — "Richard VVLite ... in the presence of va 
Kohert Edaawe., ITiOmas Edaawe., Alice Tharpe, her Marke " 

Proved 11 Jan. 1648-9 by Mary White, rollct of said deed. &ad 
Gxcuutrix. 

Abstract of thb Will of Matthew Wbitb. (P.C.C. 456 Berklei/,) 
S 8ci.t. 1655 "IMaUiew White of Horsham in the County of 
SuBBex, being eicke in bodie," etc. — " to Leiilh White my Grandchild " 
fl&O at her age of 21 jr§. or at marriage — " J give to 'ITiomas While, 
Mathew White, Mary Potlil liue shillings apeeee, my mind and will is 
ijiat if Lcnth While my grsnddiild happen to I)epart« this life before the 
accorapIi>cd time Limited, That Mathew White and Samuell White my 
grandchildrcu shall have and i-nioy her portion. And whereas in the 
nsrae of Thomas White my Bunne Certain woods in hordcn iu Kent 
were bought of John Oervia the Bemainder thereof now vnsold, my will 
ftud minde is that Thomas White shall sell ihem to the Ttmosl value, And 
the money Riaeing to giac to Mathew White and SnniuuU White my 
grandchild re u, when they shall accomplish the age of " 21 yre. Residue 
of goods debts etc. " vnto Leath White my wife to the Intente and 
purpose shee shall vppon Recovery thereof pay to Mathew White and 
Hamnell White my grandchildren when they shall accomplish the age 
of" 21 yrs. — " I doe make and ordaJiie Lenlh White my wife to bee my 
Eieentrix . . . P'inu Mathew While ... in the presence of, the morke 
of Elizabeth Eaton., John Urgle." 

coved 1 Dec. 1656 by Leath White, the relict ond esecntrix. 

MTBACT OF TUB Wii.L OF Maby Wbitk. (P.C.C. 172 Mico.) 

665 " I Mary While of Sleyning in the County of Sussex 

Wtdduwe, being of a weake and infirme body " etc— to my dtiu. Mary 
£10. — " all mj Quods tJbattella I'lute and ready money " except the 
^10 al'ori^suid U) be divided into tbrtio equall parts and " my Executrix 
1 Brsl make cboise of one third part thereof for her owne vse, 
lof my will is that my best lied and Furniture therevulo belonging 



140 THi wmra faxily of hosshav, itc. 



thalbepart. Ami the otKor two parts of mj said goods and GhmttieB soe 
to be Dtrided I gire to my Danghters I>orot]i j Wliile and Elizabeth 
White . . . whereof mj said Daughter Dorothj is to make her choice 
before the said Elizabeth, And I make and appoint mj said Danghter 
Marj Sole Execntrir . . . The marke of Marj White, ... in the 
Presence of Bernard Chatfeildf the marke of Joane BoddL" 
ProTed 15 Xor. 1666 bj Mary White daughter of deed, and execotrix« 

Ad mlsis 1 it ATioy OF Matthsw Wmim. (P.C.C-) 

7 March 1669-70. Administration granted to Alice White, relict, and 
Mathew IVliite, the son, of Mathew White late of the parish of St. Botolph 

Aldersgate, London, deceased. 

ABsraACT or thx Wnx or Jon^r HiG€E3rBOTro]i.^ (" Ardideaconiy 
Court of Chichester,"* Yol. XXVII., fo. 216.) 

20 March 1630 '^ I John Higginbottome of Horseham in j* Countj 
of Sussex gent, being Sicke & weake in bodj . . . mj bod j I Comitt to 
J* earth to bee decentlj interred att j' discrecon & Charge of mj Extriz 
hereafter named " — Mj shop etc. in South Street Horsham " mto Mary 
mj loTeinge wife " for life and at her death ^' mto mj Kinsman John 
Olliffe Son of Mary OIIifEe of Buxted in the Countj of Sussex Widow & 
his heircs for eu." he to par £20<) to said Mary Olliffe — ** mto Mary my 
Sister now y* Wife of Thomas Hills of Rjgate in y* County of Sussex 
(tic) gent . . . mto my Kinsman Thomas Coulstocke of Fletchinge or 
Horsted Keynes . . . mto my Aunt Barnard . . . Tuto Nicholas Best 
of Horseham afores** Butcher . . . mto Robert Best of Horseham 
afores^ butcher. Son of Robert Best deed. ... to Richard Manners 
. . . unto my mother forty shills. to buy her a Ringe, Item I gire mto 
my father in Law M** Thomas Brett twenty shills. to buy him a Ring, & 
to my Sister Hopeshill Brett <& to M** Mathew White & to M' Samuell 
White & to each of them twenty shills. apeice to buy each of them a 
Ringe . . . mto my Cousin Mary Stedwell now liringe w*** me " £50 at 
lier age of 21 yrs. — " vnto Thomas Picke of Horseham aforesaid Ghirur- 
gion y® Sum of" 50* . — " vnto Henry Coe John Daniell & Anne Bennett 
my God Children'' £5. — '*to my Servant boy Thomas Caine" £5. 
** mto Thomas Delves now or late of Horseham gent. & John Artridge 
of Lewis " £5 ** apeice to buy them & each of them mouminge " — ^to the 
poor of Horsham £5, and to the poor of Newicke co. Sussex 20* . — 
** Appoint Mary my loveing Wife Sole Extrix ... & desire my lore- 
ing & trusty friends John Mitchell of Warnham in the County of Sussex 
Esq' & John Roberts of Nuthurst in y« s** County Gentle, to be Ou'seers ** 
and give each of them 10*. Signed: — "John Higgenbottom ... in 
the pr'nce of Leonard Booker, George Booker, Will : Coe, Rob. Hall." 

There is no Probate Act entered with the registered copy of the wilL 

Administration of William Withers.**^ (P.C.C.) 

6 May 1681. Administration granted to Mathew White, Principal 
^-«'litor of William Withers late of Hamersniith co. Middx. deceased to 

*ry bis widow married Matthew White of Horsham, Gent, 
married Alice, relict of Matthew White, Citizen and Merchant Tailor of 
whose AdmoD. granted 7 March, 16G9-70. Which see above. * 



THE WHITE K.VMILY OP HOBSHAM, ETC. 

Kdniinialiir the gooda etc of eaid deed. Alice. Wilkors, rulict of s&iddecd. 
OXpTeaflly t enouncing. 

Adkikistratios or Saxubl Wbitb.'*' ("Archdeaconry Court of 
Chicb ester.") 
28 April 1698. AdoiiuistraUoa of the goods etc. of Samuel White 
late of Uoreliaia co. Sussex. i;ent. deed, vm granted to MatLew Wliite 
iiis brother. 

Abstract or the Will op Matthew WttiTE. (P.C.C. 78 Degg.) 
13 Fob. 1702 "I Mathew Wiiito of Horsham In tlie County of Sussex 
Oent. being iudisposed iu body . . . And my body 1 commit to the eartU 
to be decently interred in the Parish Church of Uorsham at the disccetioD 
of my executors" — to the poor of Horsham £5 — " to aiy dear and loving 
wife Mary Whittt . , . unto George Arnold Son of my niece Grace Arnold " 
aud his heirs, property etc. at Horsham after the detease ol my said 
wife, also property at Chiltinglon co. Susses " which I lately purchased 
of M' Edward Slielley Son of Henry Shelley late of Horsham aforesaid 
Gent, deceased " to suid George Arnold at his age of 21 yra. — to M' 
Hobert Gardiner of Horsbnm — '' unto my niece Margaret Saunders wife 
of M' John Saunders of Horley in the County of Surrey," and to her 
children at their ages of 21 yrs. — " unto Ralph Arnold and Mary Arnold 
children of my aforesaid niece Grace Arnold," £100 apiece "to be put out 
and placed at Interest in the name of the aforesaid M"" John Saunders 
their Uncle " until their ages of '2 1 yrs. or days of marriage. — to my eousen 
M' John Hargrave — to my conseu M" Jane White— to Mary Wood- 
re and Hoi>estill Woodyeare Children of M^ Rowland Woodycare»i 
lydeceascd— to my brother M' John Warden" and his irife — "to 



» Tfas writer is indebted to B. H. W. Dniildn. Esq., for this oduiimgtration. 

U He married tvst nt Hursham 1 Feb., 1693.4, " Hi«. Uury Sutedwell," and she 
wu buried there V2 Sep., 1700, oa "Uory;' wife of U' fiawtan Wooder, a 
Lonilonar." Tlie iiauin of bis secend wife won Rachel ; she aurrivod bim anil re- 
narried . . . Cay, but died before SB May, 1706. His burial is nnt recorded at 
Uonham. In bis will dated 14 Mareb, 1701, proTod io P.C.C.,21 Uarcli, ITOl-2 
(fi6 Heme), by Baehel Wixidjaue, relicc and eitrir, be is deocribeil as " Rowland 
WooOjvareof tbe pariib of 8l. CleuieritB Danes in the Connty ofUiddx. Woollen 
Dnpor.* On 'M May, 1700, HdmiiiislraCioa with tbe will annexed was ifrauted to 
John Warden aud JUary WMtt, nriilmi), oarators to Mary and Ho|>catill Woodyeare, 
niiuuri, cbildren c)[ Itowlaiid Wooilyeare, abaTcsaid deed., to administer the goods, 
etc^ of tbe said deed, fur the UitieHl and during ibe niinoi'ity vl said miaon. 
Rachel Cay, alias Woodyeare, ihe relict and eitrri, baving doeoued. 

" John Warden, of Bnilor'a Qresa, iu iho parisb of Cuokfleld oo. Sasset, 
Attorae; at Law. Altliuugb called " btot-bor," his only oimneoLion with cho 
Intator appears xo bavo been thoc ho hod marriud, as sMond wife. Hopestill 
Polbitc, sister ut tcstaloc's wife, a danghuir and ou-beir of Thomas Brcti, of Hor. 
aham, and uf Bromley, in tbe pariah of Newiok.OD. Sussex, Qont [see abatract u( 
bis will, iioat p. 151 and note], and widow of Franols PelUIt, of Ijary, in iho same 
oomity. Sir William UurroU ("Add. Ms.,*" Brit. Mas., Nu. Mi's) tfives lior Srst 
■aarriaice from the Farisb Register at Newick ttins :— 16i:<l Apl. 26 M' Fra. Peliet 
vt Bmr A H" Brett. She waaliviiii; and wife uf Fraaeis l-ellatt, dont., 19 Har, 
1681. and 81 Doe., l(iS!>, and it probatfty tbe person whnsii marriage is rpcorded la 
IWish Bsgliiter of S laugh am, eo. Susim, ihtis;-.16i)l Sppt. M, "M'John 
of y" f nriah uf CoookHeld A Hope Brilt of Horsham." According to Sir 



142 THB WHITE FAMILY OP HOBSHAM, ETC. 

mj consen Thomas White E^*^ , all that my moiety or halfe part of a 
Messuage or Tenement Farme Lands and premises . . . known by the 
name of the Dial post Farme ... in the parishes of West Grinsted and 
Shipley in the said County of Sussex/' — to my niece Margarett Saunders 
aforesaid. Lands etc in the parishes of Ashington and Washington co. 
Sussex " which did descend and come unto me by the death of Samnell 
White my brother " — to said Grace Arnold property in the parishes of 
Ashburnham Wartling Hurstmonceaux and Horsham co. Sussex, also 
'* Lands Tenements and Hereditaments with the appurtenances called 
Foxhole lying near Birchin bridge in Horsham for life " and at her death 
'* unto my cousin Ralph Arnold Eldest Son of the said Grace Arnold 
and his Heirs for ever " — *' unto my nieces Margarett Saunders and 
Grace Arnold " Residue " unto my said loving wife Mary White and 
my aforesaid brother M^ John Warden whom I make joint Executors.** 
Signed : — *^ Math : White ... in the presence of the said Testator Rob. 
Hall., Senior., Robert Hurst., John Hall." 

Proved 24 April 1708 by Mary White relict of said deed., and John 
Warden, the executors. 

Abstract of the Will op Richard White. (P.C.C. 242 Degg.) 

24 Sep. 1691. " I Richard White of Steyninge in the County of 
Sussex, Gent. . . . and my body I committ to the earth to be buryed in 
such decent manner as my Executrix hereafter named shall think fitt." — 
to my wife Mary White for life my messuage lands etc. " in the County 
of Kent commonly called Horden and Pookhale with my messuage lands 
and Tenements usually called the Moathouse al's Little Granety in West 
hoadley in Sussex with my severall houses lands and tenements in 
Steyninge aforesaid (which I alsoe settled on the Marriage of my said 
wife for life)," also other property at Steyning and Shipley for life, and 
at her death, except the messuage etc. ''called the Moathouse aPs Little 
Granety, unto my Sister Mary Squire and her heirs,'' also leaves to said 
sister, messuage etc. ** in Richard Haylors occupation lying in Ashurst 
and Steyninge or one of them, held of Magdalen Colledge in Oxon.** 
The Moathouse al's Little Granety after decease of said wife ** unto my 
sister Elisabeth Alchorne and her heirs," also £100. — to said wife '' all 
the goods household stuffe and silver plate which she had or brought 
with her before her marriage and all her owne gold, and the gold I gave 

William Burreirs extracts from the Parish Register of Cackfield (« Add. MS.," 
Brit. Mns., No. 6,698) *' Tbos. s. of Mr Jn. & Hopestill Warden'* was baptised 17 
Jalj, 1695. The parents are evidently the persons married at Slaagham as above, 
and there seems little doabt that *' Hope Britt " in the above entry is an error for 
** Hopestill Pellatt." In the pedigree of Warden and Sergison, given in S.A.G., 
Vol. XXV., John Warden, who died 1730, is said to have married, as second wife, 
Hopestill Pellatt, of Horsham, widow, dan. and co-heir of Thomas Brett, of Hor- 
sbam and Newick, Gent. Sir William Burrell records the annexed inscription from 
their monument ** Over the Door in the South Isle " of Cuckfield Church, and 
which Captain Attree, R.E., informs the writer still remains : **Near this Place is 
interred the Body of John Warden of Butler's Green, who Died the 30th of April 
1730, aged 79 Years, And also of Hopestill his Wife who died the 22nd Jnly 1749 
aged 92 Years. To whose memory this Monument was Erected by Franeia 
Warden, Esq. their only Son — Goardez-la-Foy." 



THE WHITE PAMILV OF HORSSAM, ETC. 143 

T*nd olber thin^ siuce Ler marriage and Uie nse of all my goods 
clinttella'' etc. during ber n'idonhood, but at liur marriage or death all 
aforesaid goods etc. "to be equally divided between my two SiBters 
Mary Squire and Elienbeth Alchorne," Appoints loving wife sole 
executrix and •' my loving friend M". Jolm Backshell of Seeding and my 
CoQzen Hiigli Pcnfold of Sorapting to be tlie Overseers of this my last 
Will" etc. and leaves them two guineas apiece. — "And tbe true intent 
and meaning of tliis my will is That if inj said wife shall happen to be 
wii\t child at the time of my decease, Then I give and bequeath all my 
inesBunges lands and tenements whatnoerer unto such child uud his or 
her heirs, after the decease of my wife, except the said Leasehold lands 
given to uiy Sister Squire, And I give unto such child all my Per- 
sonal! estate vihalsoever except the one hundred pounds given to ray 
Sister Alchurne aa aforcsBiil . . . Ki : White . . . ia tlie prescnoe of as 
W" Scrns,, Will : Longmer., George Solines." 
■ ProTcd S Dec. 1703 by Mary White, relict of deed, and executrix, 

■Abstsact or THK Will »e Tuomas White. (P.C.C. 4G ShalUi:) 
Kr'20 Aug. 1717. " ITliomns While of Shipley in the County of Susseji, 
jEsq' . . , uiy body I commit to the Earth to be decoutly interred accord- 
ing to the discretion of my Kxemtors . . . unto niy Dear and loveing 
Wife June my Charriot or Calash and two of my mares" — onto my 
yonngest Son Henry White — to my dau, Margarett While at her age of 
21 yrs.— to my eldest son William White — to my sister Jane While — 
"after the death of Robert Hall of Horsham in the said County, 
Mercer" — my farm in the parish of Shipley colled "Pond Taile "— my 
farm in Shipley and West Orinslcad culled "Dial post Farme " — "I 
do hereby will direct and appnint that two hnndred pounds of my per- 
sonal Estate shall be applyed to the patting out my eldest Son William 
Wliite to be Educated in the practice of the Law . . . unto my two Ber- 
rants Juhu Antill and John Cooper " £5 o('icce— " my Will and desire 
is to be buried privately without any vnine Pomp or costly Fonerall and 
only rings to be given to such of my relations as ray Executor ehall 
thinh fitt and order and who shall be invited or desired to come to my 
(\iaeral and I do appoint and desire my loveing Frcind John Linfeild of 
Horsham Oent.'^ to be Guardian to all niy said Children and to look 
after and manage all their worldly affairs for them during their respec- 
liie uiinoritys ... I doe make ordein and appoint my Eldest Son 
William While Sole Executor," and bequeath him resitlae of personal 
estate whatsoever. Signed : — " Tho. White ... in the presence of the 
said testator, Oeo : Arnold., Jo: Taylner., Austin Coom." 
h On 26 Feb. 1719-20, ail ministration granted to Mary White, Spinster, 
■tor lawfully assigned to William White, Minor, son and executor 
' the Will of Thomas While late of Shipley eo. tiiussei, Esq. 
_^ __i, to administer the goods etc. of said deed, acconiing to the lennor 
tttd effect of the Will of said deed, for the use and benefit of the said 
', until he shall attain the age of seventeen years. 



144 THE WHITE MMILY Ol» HOESHAM, ETC. 

Abstract of the Will of Robert Alchorne.** (P.C.C. 1 Tennison,) 

12 July 1716. " I Robert Alchom of the Parish of St. Mary Newing- 
ton Butts in the County of Surrey Gent , . . and my body I commit 
unto the Earth to be decently interred in the Church or Churchyard of 
the said Parish of St. Mary Newington Butts at the discretion of my 
Executrix ... I do give and bequeath unto Such and so many of my late 
brothers and Sisters Children as shall be living at my death and unto all 
my other near Relations twelve pence apeice if demanded and no more." 
Leaves residue of estate whatsoever " to my loving wife Elizabeth 
Alchome her heirs and assignes for ever " and makes her sole executrix. 
Signed : — " Robert Alchome . . . Witnesses . . . Joanathan Boulter., 
Thomas Rumbold & Thomas Wats, Scr.'' 

Proved 28 Jan. 1717-18 by Elizabeth Alchom, relict of deed, and 
executrix. 

Abstract op the Will op Robert Michell.** (P.C.C. 251 Abbott) 

10 April 1724. "I Robert Michell of Petersfield in the County of 
Southampton Esquire being in good health of body . . . whereas upon 
my Marriage with my late Wife Theodosia I did settle '* divers messuages 
etc. " and whereas I have no Issue Male by my said Wife Theodosia *' 
— to my dau. Catherine — " unto my two brothers in Law the right 
honourable Charles Lord Hallifax, then the honourable Charles Montague 
Esquire, and Christopher Montague Esq*" " — to my son Edward Michell — 
" my Nephew Theobald Michell son of my brother . . . and I do hereby 
appoint that the said Theobald Michell shall be presented to my advow- 
son of Denton aforesaid when the same shall nexl; become vacant . . . and 
appoint my said daughter the sole Executrix of this my Will" and leaves 
her the bulk of his property. Signed : — Robe : Michell ... in the 
presence of the Testator Clem^ Wearg., Benj* Blackbume., Robert 
Watson." 

Proved 3 Sept. 1729 by Catherine Michell, Spinster daughter of said 
deed, and sole executrix. 

On 30 July 1731 Administration granted to John Jolliff, Esq. hus- 
band and administrator of the goods etc. of Catharine Jolliff, otherwise 
Michell, deed, whilst she lived dau. and only executrix and residuary 
legatee named in the Will of Robert Michell late of Petersfield co. 
Southampton Esq. deed., to administer the goods etc. of said deed. 

^ Apparently Bobert Alchome, Citizen and Merchant Taylor of London, who 
mar. Elizabeth, dan. of Richard White, of Steyning, co. Sussex, Gent, (see post 
p. 157). They evidently had a son Richard who, in his will dated 17 Feb., 
•♦ Anno Dom., 1693-4," 6th Wm. and Mary, proved in P.C.C, 20 Sept., 1695 
(213 Irby)f by Robert Alcome (sic), father of deceased and exor., is desoribed 
as : — " Richard Alcorne of St. Saviours in the County of Surrey, Marr. belonging 
to their Ma'ties Ship the Royall Soveraigne have and by these presents doe make 
ordaine and constitute my honoured Father Robert Alcome Citizen and Merchant 
taylor of London my true and lawfull Attorney irrevocable*' etc. He leaves 
everything ''unto my Father Robert Alcome*' and makes him sole exor. 
Signed : — " Richard Alchome ... in the presence of John Jackson, John 
Bennett, Roger Rea, Notary Publiq." 

** He married Margaret, daughter of Thomas White, of Horsham, Gent. 



THE WnlTE FAMILY OF HORSHAM, ETC, 



Ho 



ii tho said Cntliarine Jolliff ollierwise Miciioll left at her dealh iiii- 
ministerei!, Bcconlin^ to th« tenor of tbe will and tcsttinient of said ilecd. 

I Abstract of the Will of Jane Whitb. (P.C.C. 61 Btdford.) 
^M Ang. 1728. " I Jane White of Croydon in tho County of Snrrej- 
r, the rtelict of Thomas White, Esij' deceased ... I give devise 

d bequeath unto my daughter Mary wife of Jolm lieathfcild herheirea 
Sxecators and Administrators all my rcall and personall Estat« of what 
nature or kind soever and wheresoever, And 1 do hereby make and 
ordaino mf naid daughter Mary Bote [i!xeciitr'ix." Signed: — " Jaaa 
White . . . Witnesses, . . . Tho' Jefferej.. Elizabeth Head., Elizabeth 

wper." 

Proved 21 Feb. 173t-2 by Mary Heatbfeild (wife of John Heathfeild) 

Ighter of deed, and sole Executrix. 

lSstbaot of thk WiLi, OF Walter Barttelot.'* (P.C.C. 4 Anslis.) 

28 Dec. 1730. " I Walter Barttelot of Stophnin In the County of 

Sussex, being infirm in body . . . my body I commit to tbe Knrth to be 

uied as my Executrixt^s hereinafter namud shall think Gt and proper 

■ to raj lovijig Uanght<?rs Cntlierine Jl&rttelot and Isabel Barttelot All 
» Estate real and pcraonnl ... to be divided between them bj even and 
Mil portions," and oppoint snid daughters " Catherine Barttelot and 

Wl Barttelot to be joint and sole Executrixes." Signed :— " Wa : 

itelot .- . in the presence of us . . . Julin Pinnell., John Stanford., 

B Biishbey," 

Voved 27 Jan. 1743-1 by Catherine Darttelot aud Isabel Barttelot, 

Ulere tha daughters of deed, aud executrixes, 

Abstract op the Will of Jaxb Whitb. (P.C.C. 137 Ednumdt.') 
[ -96 March t2tli Anne 1713. " I Jane White late of Horsham in the 
Oonnty of Sussex but novr of the Parish of 8t. Clement Danes in the 
County of Middlesex Spinster*' . , , My Body I commit to the Earth to 
be decently interred at the Discretion of my Executrixes ... I give to 
my Brother Thomas White of Shipley near Horsham in the County of 
Sussex Esq', to my Brother in Law Jolm Hargrave of London Qentle- 
man. and to my Cousin Thonias Hargrave hie Son the Sum of Twenty 
Sbitlings apeice to buy oaoh of ihum a King to wear in Memory of me, 
And wTiL'reas I tho said Jane White am entitled unto and interested is 
one equal Moiety or half part of cortaiii Mortgage Moneys, and of tho 
Lands and Tenements mortgaged for the same lying in the County of 
bnssex by virtue of the last Will auii Testanieul of my Orandfsthor 
Matthew Taylor Gentleman det-eased or otUi^rwiso " etc. and bequeath the 
Aforesaid " onto my three NL'ices Ann Hargrave, Himiiah Hargrave. aud 
Elizabeth Hargrave, Daughters of my said Brother iu Law John Uar- 



" He m-rried Marj, i 
Attoruey-al-Unw. 

" She ia dcgcribatl in tho " Probate Act Bogk 
'Ponaty ol iiiumy SpiDst«r deod." 



low of Bichord Wbite, of Stejoing, oo, Sc 
late d( K;esate ii 



146 THE WHITE FAMILY OP HORSHAM, BTO. 

grave . . . equally to be divided between them," and also ** all such Sum 
and Sums of Money as are now due ... to me from Charles Eversfield of 
Denn near Horsham in the County of Sussex Esq*"." ^ Residue to said 
three nieces and appoint ** said three Neices to be Executrixes.". Signed 
** Jane White ... in the presence of the said Testator, Fra : Bridge., 
Bernard Mould., W°» Entwistle." 

Proved 21 April 1746 by Ann Hargrave Spinster the surviving 
executrix. 

Abbtbaot op the Will of William White. (P.C.C. 160 Smpsan,) 

19 Feb. 1758. " William White of Horsham in the County of Sussex 
Gentleman . . . unto my Wife Bathia White, all that my Messuage" 
etc. '^ situate in Horsham aforesaid wherein I now reside ... to hold 
... 80 long time as she keeps herself sole and unmarried and from and 
after her Intermarriage or Death . . . unto my Son William White and 
his heirs for ever ... to my said Wife Bathia the Use and Usage only 
of all my Household Goods " etc. so long as unmarried and after her 
marriage " the same to be equally divided between my two Sons William 
White Thomas White and my three Daughters Bathia White, 
Elizabeth White and Chariot White " equally, but if said wife did not re- 
marry " she shall have liberty of Disposing by her Will of the said House- 
hold Goods '* etc. ** to such and so many of my said five Children as she 
shall think proper.*' — to my said three daughters, Bathia, Elizabeth and 
Chariot White £500 apiece. — " to my Son in Law John Shelley Esq'^ and 
to his Wife my Daughter and to each of them and also to my Friends 
and acquaintance Elizabeth Cheynell of Horsham Widow and M" Sarah 
Waller of Horsham her Sister and Wife of Henry Waller of Horsham 
Innholder and to each of them one Gold Ring of the value of one 
Guinea called a Mourning King to be kept and wore by them in remem- 
brance of the Donor ... to my said Wife Bathia White my Chair, Chair 
Horse and the Harness belonging thereto . . .unto my two Nephews 
John Heathfield the Younger of Croydon in the County of Surrey Esq' 
and William Pellat of Croydon af s'* Gentleman and their Heirs all that 
my Manor of Effingham East Court and Farme called Nice Court in the 
Parish of Effingham in the County of Surrey with the Rectory and 
Lands and Tenements and other Appurtenances whatsoever thereunto 
belonging now in the Tenure or occupation of M" Tickner, Widow and 
John Ansell or one of them their or one of their assignee or assigns *' 
upon trust to sell the same and pay debts and place out certain money in 
government securities, the interest to be paid to said wife Bathia in lieu 
of dower etc. " if my said Wife shall think Proper to Join with my said 
Trustees in making Sale thereof which I hope she will do for the benefit 
and advantage of her two Sons," also to place £1500 in said securities 
the interest to be paid to said daughters Bathia, Elizabeth and Chariot 
White "for and towards their Maintenances and Education " until 21 
years of age, and the principal to be then paid to them ** in full satisfac- 

" In his will dated 2 Sep., 1747, proved in P.C.C. 15 Mch., 1749^ (74 
Oreenley)t and again on 20 June, 1754» he does not mention any member of the 
Whit© family. 



THK WHITE FAMILY OP HORSHAM, ETC. 



147 



I of their sevoral und roBpective Legacies " of £600 as boqneatheJ 
breeaid. the residue of monev from said eale anil niso residue of effoots 
sons William and 'lliomas Wliite and also at their mother's d.-Bth the 
I'Wtncipal Slim upon whieli she roceLved tiie interest ia liea of dower — 
" to my Son Tliumns White and his heirs all that mj Bargngc Tene- 
ment Land aiiO PreniisBes Situate in ihe Scarfoii (si'e) in the Borough 
of Horsham aforesaid . . . and appoiul mj suid ttro Nephews John 
HcnlhBeld and William Pvllat Joint Exe<:utors of this m; Will and aUo 
Residuary I.egatlces thereiif In TniKt for my said two sous William 
While and Thomas White."— Signed " W"' White . . . Witnesses . , . 
8nrnh Miliihell., John Groombridge , Luke Foreman," 

On 10 Apl. 17ti4 Admin ist.rnlion vrith the will annexed of the goods 

etc, of William White late of Horsham co Sussex deceased was granted to 

Willinin White, the sou and one of the residuary legatees, John 

Heathtield Esq. and William Fdlat Esq. the exors. and residaary 

^toes in trust, having first renounced. 

iSBTRAOT OP THE WiLL OF JoHN Heathfikld.** (P.CC. 462 Bellas.^ 
■ S6 Feb. 1772. "John Heathfieid of Croydon in the County of Surrey 
re . , . my Body I desire may be buried at Croydon in my lata 
s grave whose Itemuius I desire may not be disturbed or removed 
.(ad desire that my Funeral be Performed with as much Privacy aa 
f' j)ecency will Permit." He bequeathes to " my daughter" Mary Par- 
tridge wife of Captain Josepii Partridge £50 and " all the Plato that 
was my into Wifes " and to said Captain Joseph Partridge £50, and 
states that his said daughter Mnry hnd already had £100 and also 
£2000 for a marriage portion, Ue leaves to ''my daughter" Sarah 
Heathfieid £21dO and bequeathes "all my" copyhold estates ia Croydon 
to " my son " William Heathfieid, Citizen and Grocer of London and 
also numerous freehold and copyhold estates to " my Eldest Son the 
Revtrend John Heathfieid of Nortliaw in the County of Hereford," 
amongnt them being u freehold form etc. called " South Honey Pools " 
in Shipley co. Sussex " also alt that my Freehold Manor called Crews or 
Warlingham Crewses with all its Rights Members Appurts. and all the 
Buildings Freehold Farm and Lands thereto belonging situate lying and 
being ill the several Parishes of Warlingham and Cbelsham in the 
County of Surry ; " said son to pay the pecuniary legacies mentioned ia 
[' tii6 will and debts etc. He leaves residue of plate and household goods 
, to- said two sons equally between them and appoints them joint 
>' all written with my own band . . . John Hcalhfiuld (L.S ) . . . 
. Witnesses thereto Elia : Healk,, Warder Tander Klste., Thomas 
(Tot." 

rProved 18 Nov. 177G by the Rev, John Heathfieid, Clerk and William 
"sathfivld the sons of the deed, and executors. 

Abstract of tub Will op tub Rev. Tboxab Whit». 

(P.CC. 513 Calvert.) 

L,29 Feb. 1788. Thomas White of Faccombe in the Connty of 

athampton Clerk — tii be buried at Horsham — to my brother William 

r' " He iiiaiTicd Mary, ilau(;liliit ol Tbomoa ^yllitc, o( Sbipley, co, Saaaex, Eb<i. 



148 THE WHITE FAMILY OF HORSHAM, ETC. 

White of Horsham — to my sister Elizabeth Woodward wife of John 
Woodward, Clerk of West Grinstead — to the children of Charles 
Pilford of Effingham, viz., Elizabeth P. Charles P. John P. James P. 
Bathia P. and Ferdinand P.— to Samuel Blunt of Horsham and Wini- 
fred his wife — Appoints Thomas Grove Esq. of Fern co. Wilts. Exor. 
Proved 8 Oct. 1788. 

Abstract of the Will of William White. (P.C.C. 518 Kenyan.) 

28 Sep. 1800 I William White late of Horsham, now of Cowfold co. 
Sussex Gent. — my messuage etc. at Shipley co. Sussex to my son 
Charles White and his heirs and in default to my son James White and 
his heirs — to said Charles White my capital messuage ete. called Great 
Wick or Gratwick and Londons or Oat Lands, and to his heirs, with 
remainder to James White and his heirs — property in Worth and Wam- 
ham CO. Sussex — to Thomas Plummer of Horsham, Upholder, a mes- 
suage wherein I lately dwelt now in the occupation of Mr. Phillips, also 
a messuage adjoining in the tenure of Richard Wood and John Groom- 
bridge, which adjoins west to a messuage late Haynes but now Mrs. 
Grinsteds and in the Bishoprick of Horsham, also garden ete. late 
Hewells and Harlands, and Com Grancry and buildings in Horsham ; 
also tenement in Scarfox adjoining London road formerly Estate of my 
brother Thomas White deceased, now in tlie tenure of James Winton, and 
others. — to my nephew James Pilfold £200 and £200 to my nephew John 
Pilfold brother of the said James — to my friend and brother Rev. John 
Woodward, Clerk (also called brother in law). — Appoints said two sons 
executors. 

Proved 22 June 1802 by Charles and James White sons of deed, and 
executors. 

ABSTRACTS OP, AND EXTRACTS FROM, WILLS IN 
WHICH MEMBERS OF THE FAMILY OF WHITE OF 

HORSHAM ARE MENTIONED. 

Extracts from the Will of John Grombridge, (P.C.C. 56 Dale,) 

10 Feb. 1617 " I John Grombridge the elder of Horsham in the 
Countye of Sussex yeoman ... my body I leave to the earthe w** I 
will to be interred in the Churchyard of the pishe Church of Horsham " 
— " to the children of my daughter Mary,*' and "te the said Mary my 
daughter " — <* to Joane my daughter " and " to Joane my wife." Appoints 
** Thomas Grombridge sonne of my said elder sonne John " sole exor. 
and " The overseers of this my last will and testament I make Thomas 
Sheppard, gent. Richard Waller my sonne in lawe, and my sonne in lawe 
Richard White," and leave them each 20'. Signed: — "John Grom- 
bridge niarke." 

Proved 13 June 1621 by Thomas Grombridge, grandson by the son of 
deed, and executor. 

Abstract of the Will op Francis Nash. (P.C.C. 29 Grey.) 

14 Oct. 1650 ** I Francis Nash of Horsham in the Countie of Sussex 
yeoman " — to Mary Nash my sister — " I did heretofore leavey a Fine of 



THE WBITB FAMILY OP HOBSHAM, ETC. 



149 



m 

Hratl 



tientkiiie Enessunge Rt Horshnm Heath ncere ibe towns of Uorshani now 
in tlio occupation of Uoorge DomeRdayo and Thomas Kniglit to my 
Kinsmtn Tliomas Wliile of Horsham " — to my wife Marie Nash and mj 
dsH. Mntiu Nafli aiid to their heiroa •' laj howse FMrmc and lands with 
tlio apparteniict-s in Uorahaui and Nutliurste in the Countie of Suasex 
callnd Coolcherst al's Birdienbriiipe lands," — " My lovuing friendes and 
brother in luwe JamPs Amy and Gevrge Davy of Uorehani . . . Ashlye 
Mill in Hursbani lute in the occupauon of M' Guurgu Sharpe . . , mj 
cosen I'houBs White of HorsliBm ... to my brother in lawe Bichard 
White *' — to Ocorgo Davy and Miithew White of Horsham — appoint my 
wife Marie Noih executrix and '■ my loveing brother W Riehnrd White 
and Jamc'B Amy to \>e overseers." Signed : — " Francos Nashe , , . in 
the presence of llo; White., .lames Amy., Thewarke of George Davy." 
Proved 5 Feb. 165U-1 by Mary Nashrelictof said deed, and executrix. 

iTKACT OP THE Will of Matthew Taylor. (P.C.C. 58 Ri^eve.) 

Oi March 1678 SOth Chas. II " I Matthew Taylor of tiie Parish 
It, Mary Newington liutts in the Conuty of Surrey Gent, being 
wmke in body ... My body I comitt to the earth fnun whence it was 
Hrat tfiken to lie decently buried, which 1 doe leave to the considerations 
of my Kxecutore hereunder named with those about niee whether to bury 
me here where I dye or at St. Dnnstans in the East London where my 
late dearc wife was buried, as they shall thinku titl and ray desire is that 
my funerall may be performed without Fonipe." He appoints as Trnslees 
"my Loving friends M' William Pellat of London Ironmonger and M' 
Jftniea Martin of Rygate in the said Cuunty of Surrey, Gent." and Gtates 
" llpm whereas I am seized of and in all the Mannor of Eflingham Eaat- 
Qourt and Farme called Nicecourt in the County of Surrey with the 
Rectory and Lands and Tenements and other appurtenances whatsoever 
therevnto belonging and have onely setledoutof the same the snme of 
threescore Pounds yearely vpon Frances my wife for her naturall life as 
« joynture in Lion and bnrr of all tytle and cinyme of all Duwer I doe 
now give and Devise the &aid Mannor Rectory and appiirlenancea to the 
said William Pellalt and Janiea Martin," and their heirs for ever upon 
trust to Miffir the aaid Frances my wife lo receive the said threescore 
pounds yonrly during her life, and also to pay to my brother John Taylor 
out of the profits of the said [ireniiaes £16. for life and " to my nephew 
Matthew Taylor the sonne of uy said Brother John Taylor if hee shall 
survive his said Father " £6 a year for his life. The residue of said rents 
dnc "before my Grundsoune Thomas White the younger, soune of 
Thomas White and Margarelt his late wife my daughter, shall attaine to 
the age of twenty and foure yenri'S shall be equally divided between my 
Urandaughters Margarvt Alichell, Jano and Elizabeth White," at their 
several ages of 21 yrs, or days of marrin^'o " And after my said grand- 
aomie Thomis White shall attaine his age of twenty And Foure yeares. 
Then iipon trust and confidence that the said William Fellatt and Janiea 
Martin and the Survivor of them and the helres of such Survivor shall 
ataud and be seized of the said Mannor and premisKee to and for tlie onely 
lehoofe of liiui my said Graudsunue Thomas While and the 



150 THE WHITE FAMILY OF HOBSHAM, ETC. 

heires of his body for ever." If said Thomas White died under 24 
yrs. of age without issue, then £450 to be paid "to my said two 
grandaughters Mary Brett and Elizabeth Brett " at their ages of 21 yre. 
or at mar. raised out of the rents etc. of said Manor, the residue *' for 
the vse of my said three Granddaughters viz. Margarett Michell, Jane 
White, and Elizabeth White to be equally divided amongst them " at 
their ages of 21 yrs. or at mar. He also mentions : — to my son in law 
M' John Brett, and to my grandaughters Mary Brett and Elizabeth 
Brett her sister at their ages of 21 yrs. — *' to my Grandchildren Margaret 
Michell, Jane White and Elizabeth White children of my late deceased 
daughter Margarett White and of my sonne in Law M' Thomas White " 
— to my grandson Thomas White at 21 yrs.^ — '* to my deare and loveing 
wife Frances Taylor " £50 " to provide herselfe and her Maid servant 
mourning," also rents etc. of a messuage in Kent and " my silver salt and 
watch, and all other such plate now remaining which shee the said Frances 
brought with her at our intermarriage " etc. — to my grandau. Margaret 
Michell and to her husband — " vnto Edmond Taylor sonne of Richard 
Taylor and Grandsonne to my brother Richard Taylor " £5, to be paid 
out of my messuage etc. " which I bought and purchased of his said 
Grandfather scituate in Ship yard in the parish of St. Clements Danes in 
the County of Middx. lately in the tenure or occupation of Joseph Park 
or his assigns and now in the tenure of Auditor Park his sonne" — "to 
my grandaughters, Margaret lately married to Mr. Robert Michell, and 
vnto her sister Jane White " £800 lent by testator to " Thomas White 
my said Sonne in Law" — to my grandau. Elizabeth White £600 at 21 
yrs. or at mar. — ** vnto my Grandsonne Thomas White my Scale ring and 
my Tobacco box." — " vnto the poore of the Parish of Stoughton where 
I was borne '* £3, *' to the poore of the Parish of St. Dunstance in the 
East London where I formerly lived " £3, ** and to the poore of the 
Parish of St. Mary Newingtom where I now live " £3. — ** unto Matthew 
Taylor sonne of my eldest brother Richard Taylor, and vnto William 
Younge sonne of my Sister Martha Younge and to my Cousin Smith and 
to my Cousin Turner her Sister to each" 20* — to my maid-servant Anne 
Rogers 40"* — " to my said Trustees and loveing friends the said Mr 
William Pellatt and James Martin" £20 apiece. — Residue of plate " to 
Four of my Grandaughters vizt. Jane White, Elizabeth White, Mary 
Brett, and Elizabeth Brett, to be equally divided by my Executors with 
the assistance of my wife . . . and constitute my loveing kinsman 
Thomas Pellatt of Lewis in the County of Sussex Gentleman and 
Robert Palmer the elder of Berry in the said County of Sussex Esquire 
joynt Executors . . . and appoint my . • . trustees, the said William 
Pellatt and James Martin, Overseers," and bequeath to said exors. £20 
apiece. — Residue of estate whatsoever unbequeathed ** vnto all my said 
grandaughters herein before named " equally between them at their ages 
of 21 yrs. or at mar. Signed : — ** Mathew Taylor ... in the pr'sence 
of, the marke of Anne Rogers., the marke of Samuell Barnard., John 
Palmer., Robert Richardson, Scr., & James Richardson." 

Proved 15 June 1678 by Thomas Pellatt and Robert Palmer the 
executors. 



THE WHITE FAMILY OP HOESHAM, ETC. 



151 



[bbtbact op tub W11.L OF Thomas Bbbtt. {'■ Archdeaconry Court 

of Lewes,'' A. S7, f. CZb.)^ 
i May 1681. Thomas Brett in the County of SuBsex, Gent.*' — to 
_^noving wife Joane — to my sister'a cliildreu — to Elizabeth Far!ye my 
'kinswonmn now tlia wife of , . , Stanton of Beygate co. Surrey, — 
Appoints : — my two Jnnj,'hturs Mary Hig^inbottom (si'c) widdowe and 
Hospilell [«ii; correctly HopesliU] Pdlatt the now wife of Francis 
PelUtt, gejit. joint execntrixee anij my loring kinsman Samuel Newing- 
ton of LontJun gent, and Joseph Newington of Battell, gent, sonnes of 
my brother in law Thomas Ncwington, gent, overseers. 

Proved .SI Bpc. IGBd by Mary Uiggombotloni (jic) otherwise White, 
wife of Mathew White, gent, and HoapituU (sic) Pellatt wife of Francis 
Pellatt, gent, tho executriKus. 

AsHTRACT OF TBB WlI.L OP WlLLIAM PBLLATT. (P.C.C. 104 Jfoel.) 

Oatcd 12 Jnne 1699. lUb W" III. "I William Pellatt, Citizen and 
Grocer of London*" . . . my Body I comraitt vnto the Earth to be 
decmtly bnryed . . . unto the poor of the parish of Bignor in the 
Cotinty of Sussex " 40" — " to my Daughter Jnne White the Wife of my 
Sonne in law Thomas Wliite" £1000. — if "my grandaughter or 
grandeonne of my said Bonn in law Thomas White happen to die before 
she or hee shall attaine to the age of " 21 yrs. — " if either of my grand 
Daughters of my Sonne Waldoo shall happen to dye before 
the age of" 21 yrs. — " for my grand Children by my only Sonne W" 
Pellatt" — to my brother Adam Uargrave £1 lor a ring, — "to my 
'Cousin John Hargrave, Attorney in Woodstreet " £6 — "to my Cousin 
~ " Minsball Sen." £6 for mourning — " I doe desire and Irtreat the 
John Hargrave and Francis Minuhall to be Overseers," and appoint 
'Iny only Bonne William Pellatt to be Sole Executor." Signed 17 
nno 1700 12 W" IIL " W™ Pellatt . , . in the presence of . . . 
Tbo : Rogers., John Green., The : Gilson., Jos : Burton." 

Promi 2 July 1 700 by William Pellatt son of deed, and executor. 

Ak Extract rv.ov thb Will op Daniel Wight. (P.C.C. 244 Ath.) 

4 Feb. 1700, 12"' W"- III " Daniel Wight the younger Citizen and 
Distiller of London . . . and aisoe 1 give and bequeath unto my said 
Sauiue! Wight and my said Bonne Daniel Wight equally 
B them the d<-bt o( tbree hundred pounds and interest thereof 
owing unto me by Jndguiunt from Thomas White the elder of 



* The writer <■ 



ludelited to B, fl. W. Duakin, Esq., lor Ihe abttmot of ibia 



le srij., bat described iu the Probnta Act aa o( " Sewick." Sir William 
I given lliu enlrv of teelaloi'B accotiil mnrtiiigB na well ni that i>( liis barial 
lie Fnrlcb RvgiHlcri.f Newiuk (■ Aild US." lint, Mus. No. 6rm) ihna:— ltiT3 
IU M' ThoB. flitttt of HorahatD & Mf» Joune Kouuil of Kewick uinrriod, 

n. 2i U' Tboi. Brett of VtomUj in Nowiok. buried. See antt. p. Ul, duIb i'i. 

iciibed ill the " Probata Act Buuk " bb .— I>t« of the fariab of SI. Dnoatan 

~ t, Lioudwi ileoed. 



152 THE WHITE FAMILY OF HOBSHAM, ETC. 

Horsham in the County of Sussex Gentleman deed/' SigQed :— Danl. 
Wight. 

Proved 22 Nov. 1704 by Daniel Wight son of deed, and execntor. 

Abstract of the Will op George Arnold*^ qi Archdeaconry Conrt 

of Chichester," Vol. XXXIII., p. 107.) 

22 Jan. a.d.1721. " George Arnold of Horsham in the County of Sussex, 
gent "... to my wife Elizabeth Arnold all my household goods etc. 
'' Item I give devise & bequeath unto my said dear & loving wife Elizabeth 
Arnold & to her heires & Assignes for ever, All that the Mannor of 
Sillington als Sullington in the County of Sussex aforesaid with tho 
Farrac & Lands thereunto belonging now in the Tenure or occupacon of 
Thomas Stedman bis Assignes or Undertenants, And also all the 
Quit rents dues & Perquisites which belong to the said Mannor," 
also a shop etc. in Horsham and also to her " & her heires and Assignes 
for ever All That the Red'con, All those Messuages Farmes Lands 
Tenements & Hereditam*ts with their & every of their app'tnnces scitnate 
lying & being in the scvcrall Parishes of Ashburnham, Horsmanseax, 
Wartling & Horsham in the said County of Sussex, And now in the 
Tenure or occupation of [^blank'] Avery, William Clarke, John Fisher, 
Elizabeth Ede, widow & John Tidy & Thomas Barnard, And which 
Estate & Estates were given by Mathew White late of Horsham afore- 
said gent. deed, to Grace Arnold (Mother of me the Testator <& now 
Wife of John Bird of Rygate in the County of Surry Clerke) for & 
during the Terme of her natural life, And afterwards to Ralph Arnold 
late of Rygate aforesM Gent. deed. & his heires, by Inheritance descends 
to me (as Brother & Heir at Law to the said Ralph Arnold after the 
Decease of y® said Grace now wife of y* said John Bird." Appoints 
said wife Elizabeth Arnold sole extrix. Signed : — " Geo : Arnold . . . 
in the pr'sence of the said Testator Jo*^ Bridger, Jo° Linfield, Aosten 
Comb." 

Proved 22 Nov. 1722 by Elizabeth Arnold, widow, the relict of said 
deed, and executrix. 

An Extract from the Will of Geaoe Filewood** 

(P.C.C. 283 Brodrepp.) 

16 Oct. 1738 ''I Grace Filewood (wife of Richard File wood of the 
Parish of St. James within the liberty of Westminster in the County of 

•^ He was second son of John Arnold by Qrace his wife, a niece of Matthew White, 
of Horuham, Gent, (see an extract from her will above and note). He married 
Elizabeth, daughter of John Liutield, of Horsham, Gent., and was baried there 4 
July, 1722 as ** George Arnold, Gent." 

•* She was a daughter of . . . Orgies by Leath his wife, daughter of Matthew 
White, of St. Boltoph, Aldersgate, London (see "post p. 157), and a niece of Matthew 
White, of Horsham, Gent, (see the the abstract of his will ante p. 141). She mar. 
first John Arnold, Gent., who died 26 June, 1700, aged 44, and has an inscription 
at Reigate, co. Surrey, but who in his will, dated 19 June, 1700, pr. in P.C.O. 
on 23 Aug. following (110 Noel), is described as of Reigate, brewer. By him she 
had issue, besides Samuel, Matthew and John Arnold, who all died yonng, Ralph, 
George, and Mary Arnold .all living 13 Feb., 1702. She married secondly at 
Reigate 27 May, 1703 (as second wife), Rev. John Bird, Vicar of that parish. H« 



THE WniTE FAMILY OF HORSHAUj ETC. 



153 






Carpenter" . . . Shu rociles Iiei- Mar. Set. Jftt. 28 Jnly 
" now Inet past " ramie between " said Ricliard Filewood of tlie first part, 
mo the sail! Grace FilewooJ (by tlie uame of Grace Bird of Reigate in 
llip County of Surrey wiilow) of tlie Second Part and Henry Watson of 
tho Paridli of St. George Hanorer Square in the said Connty of Middle- 
sex Eequire of the Third Purt." Slie directs " to be buried in the Grave 
of my tirst Husband John Arnold deceaseil," and bequeathes, besides 
several other legacies, "to my Nephew Johnson Saunders" £5, and directs 
" Item I give direct Hmitt and appoint unto my Couzen Jane White of 
Beigate aforesaid Spinster, Ten Pounds and to her neices Ann and 
EliBabcth Hargrave Ten Pounds apeicc," and to my cousin -Taoies 
Orgies £100. also recites that t!ie said Jumes Orgies, and Nicholas 
Orgies of Barking co. Essex, Plumber, had become bond to testatrix 
(dated 15 Juno 1730} in the sum of £200, etc. Signed, Grace FUe- 
wood. 
Proved 12 Dec. 1738 by Richard Filewood, the husband of deed, and 
in tor. 



MISCELLANEOUS 
FAMILY C 



MEMORANDA RESPECTING THE 
F WHITE OF HORSHAM. 



It appears from a iist,"^ containing the names of the 
Obui'cli wardens and Surveyors o£ the IIi*rhway8 of 
Horsham co. Sussex, and also the names of the Over- 
Beers of the Free School in that parish, commencing in 
the year 1010, and entered in the oldest book of Church- 
wardens' Accounts of Horsham, that thoso offices were 
held occasionally by members of the White family as 
follows : — 



CHnRCRWARDBNB, BCBVETORS OF THB BIOBWAIS, 

1615 Richard Whit the younger. Ifil8 Ricbaid White, Jun. 

1617 Mathew White, 1^23 Richard White. 

I63fi Richard White. 1G42 Mathew White. 
1639 Mathewe White. 



1635 Richard White. 
1644 Thomas White. 
1650 Tho : White Gent. 
i Tho : White Gent. 
|1670 Thomas White, gent. 



OF TSE BCBOOL. 

1672 Thomas White gent. 
1670 M-^ Thomas White. 
irQj (I'homas White, Kaq' 
"'^* Mathew White, gent. 



died S9 Feb., 172T-B. and bia will, dated 15 Aug., 1723. waa get to P.C.C. U March, 
I7Sr.(( (72 Bnok). She married thirdly (Mar. Sot. flat, as July, 1738), Richard 
Vilewood, aa recorded in the abore extract fi-oin ber will. Shu died 12 Dec 1734, 
tged T6 yeaca, and Laa an inaeription nt Iteig;tlt«. 
" Copiod from tha erigiiiBl by tbo writer. 
XXXIV. X 



TIJ' 


yj* 


1* 


TJ* 


X» 


x* 



154 THE WHITE FAMILY OP HOESHAM, ETO. 

Richard White stood as a godfather on 14 Sep. and 9 
Oct., 1568, as appears from the parish register of Hor- 
sham." 

• ••••••• 

The following notes respecting the White Family are 
from the Churchwardens' Accounts of Horsham, which 
commence in the year 1610.^^ 

Accoants for 

the year 
1610 and 11 Jtem to Richard White for Jroiiworke about 

the bells & Church all this yeare 

1616 and 17 Jtem payd to Richard White for Jron work 

about the bells and Chimes all the yeare 

1617 and 18 Jtem payd to Richard White for Jron worke 

about the Church and mending of the 
great bell Clapper 

1618 and 19 Jtem payd to Richard Whitt for mendinge of 

of the great bell Clapper ... ... xiiij" vj* 

1619 and 20 Jtem payd to Richard Whitte for Jron work 

about the Bells Clock & Chimes this 

y eBre ... ... ... ... ... ^j jl 

1621 and 2 Jtem payd to Richard Whitte for Jron work 

about the bells, Clappers and wheeles in 

Pt. of payment ... ... ... ... xl' 

1622 and 8 Jtem payd to Richard White for Jron worke 

about the bells that was left to pay the 
last yeare and more worke that he hath 
donne this Yeare ... ... ... ... iij' 

1623 and 4 Jtem payd to Richard White for mending of 

the gudgin of the great bell 

1624 and 5 Jtem paid to Richard White for mending of 

the third and fourth bell clappers and for 

Jron put to them 
1626 and 7 Jt : payd to Richard White for mending of 

the fourth bell Clipper 

1641 and 2 Of Alexander Luxford for Richard Whites 

Owttvw «.• ••• ... «•• ... 

1651 and 2 Rd. for a Grave in the Church for Richard 

White 

1668 and 9 Receavcd for M" Whites^^ grave 00. '06. 08, 

1680 and 81 Rec. for M' HiggenbottomS^ Grave .. 0. 6. 8. 

*" Copied from the original by the writer. , 

•7 Ibid. 

w Leath, widow of Matthew White, of Horsham. 

(>' First husband of Mary, wife of Matthew White, of Horflham, Gent* 



• i" 


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UIJ* 




Xlllj* 


Tj- 


8« 



THE WHITE FAMILY OF HORSHAM, ETC. 155 

1700 and 1701 Re. of M' Wight For a Grave for M" 

Wooder7<> 00. 06. 08. 



In the year 1610 Richard White had a seat in Horsham 
Church, as appears from the following note from the 
oldest book of Churchwardens' Accounts.^ 

A register of the seates in Gallery, and other places in the Chnrch 
that are to be let by the Vicker and Chnrch wardens and who are placed 
in them this year 1610 by the vicar and Churchwardens as Followeth :^ 
*■.■•■•• 

5. In the £fth seate Bicherd Gratweeke, Richerd White and James 
Slater. 

It is also recorded in the same book that " Mathew 
White " and other parishioners were present when the 
Churchwardens' Accounts were ** taken the 15th of Aprill 
1627." The annexed item is entered towards the end of 
the book : — 

A noate of the money gathered for the reparacon of St Panics as also 
the names of those from whom it was received ; Collected the 29^ of 
September An^- 1637. 

The List contains fifty-two names, and the sums given 
vary from one penny to twelve pence. The four persons 
whose names stand first on the List are the only ones 
who subscribed the latter sum, viz : — 

The Ladie Earsfield ... ... ... ... xij<* 

M' Theobald Michell ... ... ... ... xij* 

M' William Roffie ... xij<* 

Richard White z]j<i 

• ••••••• 

The annexed extracts relating to the White family are 
from an assessment made 12th June, 1748, " By the 
Church-Wardens and Overseers," etc., of Horsham, for 
the relief of the poor ; at the rate of Is. 6d. in the 
pound." 

re Mary, first wife of Rowland Woodyeare, of St. Clement Danes, oo. Middlesez, 
woollen-draper. See ante.^p. 141, note 51. 

^ Copied from the original by the writer. 

Tt Copied by the writer in 1879 from the oldest rate book remainiiig in the 
ohest deposited in the room oyer the vestry at Horsham Chnrob. 



156 



THE WHITE FAMILY OP HORSHAM, ETC. 



Rents per Ann. 

6. 



£. 

7 



15 



Southtoater Part, 

M' White 

North Heath Sf Roughey. 

M' White for Miss Michell's field 

North Street, 

M' White for a Croft 

East Street, 

Ph : Jenden for Whites Meade 
• • * • 



£. 



s. 
10 



I 9 



d. 



6 



H 



** Richard White of Horsham, yeoman," was fined £10 
c, 1630 for having neglected to take up his knighthood.'' 

• *«««««« 

Itis recorded in the " Lords' Journals," Vol. V, fo. 679,'* 
that on 28th March, 1643, Thomas White, of Horsham — 
with eight others — was appointed a Sequestrator of the 
** Vicarage House of Horsham," etc. 

The following note is from an Exchequer Bill : — '* 
William Withers of London, Gent living 24 Chas. II. 
1674 married Alice widow of Matthew White of London 
Citizen and Merchant tailor, by whom she had had issue 
Matthew White of Horsham Gent. 

The Members of Parliament for the Borough of 
Horsham, 2nd of William and Mary, 1689-90 were : — '* 

John Machell, Esq. ) Date of return 

Thomas77 White jun. Gent. ] 3 March 168^^90. 



r* Compositiong for Knighthood, Temp. Charles I. •* Suss. Arch. Coll.," Vol 
XVI, p. 49. 

7* 'Quoted in Burrell MS., viz., Add, MS, Brit. Mus. No. 5698 p. 404, pencil fo. 196. 

75 " Exchequer Bills and Answers" 24 Chas. II., Sussex No. 192. From informa- 
tion of E. H. W. Dunkin, Esq. 

7« From information of Alan H. Stennin^, Esq. 

T7 Incorrectly called " William '* by both Dallaway and Horsfield in their respeo- 
tive Histories of Sussex. He was finally of Shipley, Esq. 



TUB WniTK FAMILY OF HOKMHAM, ETC. 157 

It is recorded in the Vestry Minute Book of Mitcham, 
00. Surrey,'" that " M'' Tho' Wliite " was one " of Twenty 
Six of the Chieftest of the Inhabitants'' who formed the 
first " Select Vestry " of that parish which was appointed 
by a Faculty about the year 1699, and that in the 
year 1703 "Thomas White, Esq'," served the office of 
churchwarden. 

From a record preserved amongst the Chancery 
Decrees and Orders" for the year 1706, it appears that 
John Arnold married Grace, daughter of Lea [?Leath] 
Orgies (who was sister to Matthew White, whose will is 
dated 13 Feb., 1702-3), and by her he had issue George, 
Mary, and Ralph Arnold. 

I •»*««««• 
Dallaway** in his account of Shipley parish states 
that:— 



"Iq 1669 it [via. the Improprintion] wns purcliasetl of Matthew 
Taylor, grocer, and John Brett, merchaiit-tfljlor, citkens of London, 
by TLonias White, gent, of Ilarsham, who boUI it ta 1691 to John 
Hargrare, geut. of London. Bj Thomas Hargrave his eldest Hon 
and heir it nas sold in 1714, to John Wicker Esq. of Horsbftm." 



There is an Indenture in tbe Close Roll," made 7 April, 
1704, between Mary White, of Steyning, co. Su«ex, 
widow and executrix of Richard White, late of Steyning, 
Gent., deceased, of the one part, and Robert Alciiorne, 
Citizen and Merchant Taylor of London, and Elizabeth 
his wife, one of the sisters of the said Testator of the 
other part. 

• ••• •»»• 

From tbe account of the descent of the manor of East 
Court, in the parish of Effiugham, co. Surrey, given in 

'• Copied from tlio origindl by the Tfrittr. 

"" ■' Ohnncer/ Di-crees &nd OnJera." ITM, AS. 508. From iiiformntion of E, H. 

Qiikin, Eeq. See niaa^antt p. 1S2, notetit. 
• Oalloway liy CBrtivnglil. Vol. IL. pU a, p. 3113. 

' " ClMo RoU " 8 Aiiu«, put 3, No. 42.. From information of E. H. Vf. Dunkin, 



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HANGLETON AND ITS HISTOEY. 



By CHARLES E. CLAYTON, Esq. 



Lying about two miles from the coast on the Roman 
road which led * from Portus Adumi away inland towards 
the DeviFs Dyke, this secluded parish might well begin 
its history — were any records available — with the build- 
ing of the Roman Villa whose site (on what authority I 
know not) is marked upon the Ordnance maps a few 
hundred yards from the Churchyard, and just over the 
parish boundary of West Blatchington ; or, perhaps, with 
the early ownership of those small silver coins of Ger- 
manicus and Yalerianus, found near the seven human 
skeletons under a mound " on the open down forming 
the sheep-walk and north part of the farm occupied by 
Mr. Hardwick at Hangleton," as recorded ^ in an early 
volume of these Collections. 

It is not, however, until we come to the Conquest and 
to the Domesday Survey (1086 a.d.) that the first reliable 
records of the history of the place are reached ; but it 
may be well before reaching this stage of our inquiry to 
notice the etymology of the name and the various forms 
of spelling. Of variations, I have met with fourteen, as 
follows : — 

" Domesday," 1086. 



Hangetone 
Hangleton 

H angel ton 

Hangeston 
Uaugilton 
Uangyiton 
Uengiston 
Uengilton 
Hangnlton 
Hangeleton '^ 
Hengelion J 



("Tax. P. Nich8.,"1291. 

••• r* Test de Nev.," 1327. 

("Inq. Non.," 1340. 

••• V' Inq. P. U.r H47. 

... *'Tow. Rec.,''1376. 

... "Inq. P. M.," 1483. 

... "Val. Eccl.," Hen. VIII. 

... *^ Rymer Fed.," 1517. 

... "Pat. Roll," 1541. 

... '* Reg. Wills, Lewes," 1543. 

••• " Ministers' Accts.," 1549. 

... 

77. « Ih., Vol. IX., p. 124. 



168 HANGLETON AND ITS HISTOET. 

Hegleion '' Minist. Accts./' Eliz., 1563. 

Hangletonne '< State Papers/' Dom., 1583, 

Hangellton Terrier of 1635. 

Angleton Speed's Map, 1646. 

The Rev. "W. D. Parish suggests, as the derivation, 
Angle-tun, the Angle's village,and compares it with Angle- 
sey, the Angle's Island, and Angle ^ in Pembrokeshire ; 
but it will be noticed as curious that the only variation in 
which the initial " H " is dropped is the latest in the list, 
while the present accepted form, " Hangleton," appears 
in the valuation of Pope Nicholas, six hundred years 
ago. Mr. Lower speaks of '* Cardo de Angleton,'* but 
I cannot find his authority for this. 

In Domesday it is recorded that : — 

** William de Wateville holds Hangetone of William. Azor held it 
of King Edward. It then yoached for 14 hides and 1 rod. Now for 8 
hides and a half. There is land for 8 ploughs. In demesne are 2 ploughs 
and 31 villeins, and 13 hordars^ with 5 ploughs. This land lay at 
Chingestune a Manor of Wm. de Braiose. In the time of King Edward, 
and now, worth £10. When received £8." 

The latter part of this description is somewhat 
puzzling, as " Chingestune " (Kingston) lies some three 
miles to the west of Hangleton, with Portslade and 
South wick intervening. The present parish boundaries 
include the manor of " Benfields," and of this Domesday 
Book has a separate description, as follows : — 

'' Scolland holds £enefelle of William. Turgod held it of Cola and 
Cola of King Edward. It then vouched for 2 hides. Now for nothing. 
There is land for 3 ploughs. In demesne are 2 ploughs and 5 villeins 
with 8 bordars have two ploughs. In the time of King Edward it was 
worth 60 shillings and afterwards likewise. Now £6. Alfred holds one 
hide and one rod in £enefelle of William and vouched for so much in 
the time of King Edward. Now for nothing. Lewin held it in parage. 
There is land for one plough and there it is in demesne, and four villeins 
with half a plough. There are 4 acres of meadow and wood for 3 hogs. 
In the time of King Edward and afterwards it was worth 10 shillings. 
Now 40 shillings." 

It is interesting to compare the total area of the 

' The following extract from Taylor's " Words and Places," sent me by Mr. 
Parish, may be quoted : " No less than 24 of the headlands on the Pembrokeshire 
coast are occapied by camps, i;rhich we may regard as the first beginning of a 
Scandinavian occnpation of the soil; round the shores of Milford Haven a little 
colony of permanent settlers was established in the villages of . . . Angle, Tenby, 
do." 

* Cottagers. 



BANOLETON AND ITS HISTORT. 



169 



present parish with the area of these two manors as 
given in Domesday, althoiigli in this instance we do not 
obtain any very useful result. Taking the normal "hide" 
as 120 acres (Seebohm), we find the acreage of the two 
manors a little over 2,000 acres, while in the Tithe Map 
of 1841 it stands as about 1,160, so that the boundaries 
are not identical, while the " wood for three hogs " (10^ 
acres. Seebohm) has entirely disappeared from the 
manor of Bunefelle. William de Wateville, who held 
the manor of Hangletou in succession to '* the ubiquitous 
Azor," figures in Domesday as holder also of " Brist- 
elmetuno," one of tlio three Brighton manors, and as 
succeeding Azor iu possession of " Percinges, Cbemere 
and Berobam," white bis wife had " Claituno," where 
Azor again preceded. After Domesday there is a gap 
of about 200 years in the history, when we find Charles 
de Hangleton and Ralph de Meyners holding the manor 
of the honour of De Warenne in 1298.* It afterwards 
vested in the great family of Poynings, and in 1369 
Michael de Poyniugs died seized of the manor"; his son 
Thomas dying six years later, left his brother, Richard 
de Poynings, then 17, his heir. This Richard was the 
5th Baron Poynings. He died at Leon in 1387, on his 
second visit to Spain, whither he had first gone with the 
Black Prince to assist in restoring to his throne the 
deposed King of Castille ; and an abstract of his will, 
with other interesting information concerning him, will 
be found iu Vol. XV. of our Collections.' la 1412, 
when his poor Commons granted to Henry IV. a subsidy 
of 6s. 8d. from every man or woman having in lands or 
rent £20 a year, we find in the Roll of the Subsidy " that 
" Robert Lord de Ponygg " h ad manors and lands worth 
£143 13s. 3d., of which the manor of "Hangilton" was 
one. By descent from Robert Lord Poynings," Eleanor, 
Countess of Northumberland, his daughter, who had 
married Henry Percy, bad Hiingleton with other manors, 
and it soon afterwards vested (at what exact period it 
passed to them 1 cannot trace) iu the Belliugbam family. 



" Teat, da Nevill," p. 222. 
*■ Bmrell MSS.," 6(»ttl, f. 331. 



8. A.C..' Vol. X., p. UO. 
I'al. R,,- 13, Uen. VL 



170 



HANGLETON AND ITS HISTOBY. 



We now come to the 16th century, at some time in 
which we may assume that the existing manor-house 
was built; and although it is somewhat disappointing 
that a considerable structure like Hangleton Place, well- 
situated in its secluded valley for intrigue and escapade, 
should afford so little scope for historical record, and 
should even lack the distinction conferred by saintly, 
royal, or unhallowed occupation or adventure, we will 
follow its history as a residence. It would certainly add 
to the interest of the manor-house if we could suppose 
that Sir Philip Sidney, whom Queen Elizabeth called 
"the jewel of her Dominions," was the builder; but 
this would be difficult to establish, although he died 
seized of the manor ^® (from his wound at Zutphen) in 
1586, his daughter Elizabeth, afterwards wife of Roger, 
Earl of Rutland, being his heir. 

But whoever may be credited with the original erec- 
tion, the Bellinghams have left their marks upon it, and 
this old and somewhat distinguished family first claims 
our attention. Their pedigree,^^ running back to 
Alan de Bellingham, a contemporary of "William of 
Normandy, may perhaps be taken further, to the 
Billings, the royal race of the Varini, from whom thirteen 

places (Bellingham, Bellinghurst, &c.) 
are named,^^ the suffixes " ham ** and 
" ton '* probably marking the filial 
colonies sent out by the parent settle- 
ment.^^ The great grandson of Alan, 
Endo de Bellingham, was in 1197 Sheriff 
of Westmoreland, and five generations 
later we find a Richard BelUngham, of 
Bellingham, Lord of Maunton, in Lin- 
colnshire, whose brother Thomas settled 
near Arundel. Richard, the third son of 
this Thomas Bellingham, became owner 

>• •' Burrell MSS." 

" " Berry's Pedigrees," p. 190. 

" Taylor, " Words and Places," p. 86. 
' " Mr. F. E. Sawyer, F.S.A., sends me the followiDg note i ** In Domesday we 
haFe under Hayockesberie Hundred (Sassez) Belingeham Manor, also spelt 
Belin^ham. I identify it with the modem Billinghami which is in Udimore or 
Brede." 




nANCLETON AND ITS niSTORT, 



171 



of Hanglctoii and NewtimbBr Place; he was Sheriff of 
SuBsex in 1535, and his son Edward, Sheriff in 1567. 
It was this Edward Bellingham before whom, in com- 
pany with " George Gooringe, Esquire," the laquiaition 
was taken at Steyning in 1561 for the " execucion of 
y" Statute of npparell for mens wifes," '* this had 
i-efereuce to the silk and velvet dresses of the dames, 
which were only permissible if their husbands kept 
a certain number of horses to be available, probably, for 
military purposes. In 1588 Queen Elizabeth required 
contributions from her loving subjects by way of loan 
for the defence of the country against Spain, and in the 
list of payments we find Richard Bellingham, of New- 
timber, ft contributor of £25." Ho was also patron of 
Hangleton,'" In the Newtimber parish registers there 
are the dates of baptism of the ten children of Edward 
Bellingham (1567 to 1603), and the burials of "Mr. 
Edward Bellingham " in 1G07 anil of " Sir Edward 
Bellingham" in 1640 are also recorded, but I find no 
Bellinghams in the TIaugleton parish registers, which, 
for reasons given below, only date from 1666, when the 
family had left Hangleton Place. 

To return to the bouse itself, I have seen no early 
plana or particulars by which to judge more accurately 
of its original appearance, although in a little Catholic 
novelette, published in 1846 " (kindly lent me by the 
Rev. Thomas Holland, M.A.), there is a frontispiece 
showing an arched gateway, and other, not now 
existing, features, with a brief description to the 
effect that " the house had been built in the time of 
wicked King Henry VIII., and formed three sides 
of a square. In the middle of the front was a 
wide arched gateway . . . the offices to your left- 
band, and a low stone wall on the right . . . the roof 
was covered with Horsham stone, and the chimneys 
curiously twisted and twined together. . . .'" As now 
seen, although a good deal of the original work remains, 
yet the early chimney shafts have disappeared. Of the 



172 HANGLBTON AND ITS HISTORY. 

Btone-muUioned windows many are left, but between the 
window tax which closed them up, and later or earlier 
adaptations which opened others in unsym metrical posi- 
tions, the beauty of the fronts has suffered. The 
present kitchen was probably the hall at one time, and 
has on one side a panelled oaken screen, with fluted 
pilasters and carved capitals supporting a range of three 
long panels, upon which in early characters are carved 
the Ten Commandments, with variations which perhaps 
warrant their introduction here.^® 

AND GOD SPAKE AL THEBB WORDBS AN SAID I AM Y LORD THI GOD WHIOH HAY 

BBOUaHT THE OUT OF THE HOVSE OF BONDAGE THOV SHAI/T HAVE NONE 

OTHER OODDS IN MI SIGHT THOV SHALT MAKE THENO GRAVEN IMAGE 

NETHER ANY SEMILITUD THAT IS IN HEAVEN ABOVE ETHER IN THEERTH BENETHE 

OR IN THE WATER THAT IB BENETHE THE ERTH BE THAT THOV NETHER 

BOVB THI SILF VNTO THEM NETHER SERVE FOR I THE LORD THI GOD 

AM A GELOUS GOD AN VISBT THE SINE OF THE FATHERS VFON THE OHUiDREN 

VNTO THE THIRD AND FOVRTH GENERAOION OF THEM THAT HATE ME 

AND lET SHEWE MARCI UNTO THOUSANDES AMONGE THEM THAT LOVE ME 

AND KEPE MI COMMANDMENTES THOV SHALT NOT TAKE THE NAME OF 

THE LORDE THI GOD IN VAINE FOR THE LORDE WILNOT HOLDE HIM GILTLES8B 

THAT TAKETH HIS NAME IN VAINE REMEMBER THE SABBATH DIE THAT THOV 

BANGTIFIE IT BIKE DAIE8 MAIST THOU LABOURE AN DO AL THAT THOV 

HAST TO DOE BUT THE SEVENTH DAIE IS THE SABBATH OF THE LORDE 

THI GOD IN IT THOV SHAI/T DO NO M ANER WORKE NETHER THOV NOR 

THI SONNE NOR THI DOUGHTER NETHER THI MAN SERVANTE NOR THI 

MAIDE SERVANTE NETHER THI OATEL NETHER IT THE STRANGER 

THAT IS WITHIN THI GATES FOR IN BIXE DAIES THE LORDE MADE BOTH 

HEAVEN AN ERTHE AND THE SEE AN AL THAT IN THEM IS AN RESTED 

THE SEVEIH DAIE WHER FOR THE LORD BLEdED THE SABBATH DAIE AN 

HALOWED IT HONOURE THI FATHER AN THI MOTHER THAT THI DAIES MA 

BB LONGE IN THE LANDS WHIOH THE LORD THI GOD GEVETHTHE THOV 

SHALT NOT KIL THOV SHALT NOT BRAKE WBDLOKE THOV SHALT NOT STEALS 

THOV SHALT BERE NO FALSE WITNESS AGENST THI NEGHBOURE THOV 

BHALT NOT COVET THI NEGHB0UR8 HOSE NETHER SHALT COVET 

THI NEGHB0UR8 WIFE HIS MAN SERVANTE HIS MAIDE HIS 

OXE HIS ASSE OR OVGHTE THAT IS HIS 

In a paper in Vol. XVI.^® it is stated that beneath the 
Commandments is a curious distich, 

" Persevere ye perfect men, 
Ever keep these precepts ten," 

in v^hich it v^ill be observed that "e" is the only 
vowel, but there is now no place for this, neither can I 
hear of its existence. The staircase is quaint, but narrow, 
and here, as in many other parts of the house, the solid 
oak has been covered with paint. In several of the 
rooms on the upper floor the thick oak-panelled par- 
titions remain, and there are three of the original stone 
chimney pieces, which, excepting that their Tudor 

IB I shall be glad if any member can identify the version from whioh these 
yerses are copied. The most cnrions variation will be observed in v., 14, some* 
what resembling the German ** erbbechsn " in Lather's Bible. 

i» " S. A. C," Vol. XVI., p. 292. 



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HANGLETON AND ITS KISTORT. 



173 




ornaiiient aud mouldings of the period are aomewbat 
concealed by successive coats of paint, are in good 
preservation. Some of tlie internal partition walls are 
of enormous thickness, aad across ooe of the bedroom 
passages is a large Gothic-headed iron-studded oak door 
which must have come from some outer entrance or 
possibly from the church. This has a rude wrought-iron 
bolt of rather clever construction. Some of the bed- 
, rooms, placed at interme- 

diate levels, and entered only 
through other apartments, 
give the idea of concealed 
' chambers, made accessible by 
later alterations. The richly- 
moulded plaster ceiliug to a 
room on the ground-floor 
(now intersected by a par- 
tition and forming two apartments) is in perfect condition 
(see Plate), and displays upon the bosses at the inter- 
sections of the curves a variety of heraldic emblems, 
including the bugle horns and the demi-stag of the 
Bellingharas and apparently the dolphin of the Scrase 
family. This family (descended out 
of Denmark, and who held lands in 
Sussex before and at the time of the 
Conquest, 1066) '" were at some 
time resident at Hangleton, either 
as tenants or proprietors, and a 
small brass, preserved by the late 
Mr. Edward Blaker from the ruins 
I of West Blatchington Church, and 
afterwards fised in the east wall of 
i south aisle of Portslade Church, 
' has the following inscription : — 

" ^txt ()ittf) liurirt iSic^arli ^traerc late of jRansclton, 
BfnKfma tofitffjf iirt m tftc prarr of our lort goli onr. uo'i. 

" J^fCf hirtf) burifli Kitiiarb crrastc of ljirlrl)iitgton flintlfma 
kif)icl)f liiflJ ill \)i' iitrttr of our lort floii our i;>ii). Jljfic isftf) burtrt 
I Qrnilrm.1 toljo Dicft in fio gtarc of 




tWa. 1570." 



"Bcitj'b Pedigrees,'' ?■ i 



174 HAKGLETON AND ITS HISTOBY. 

Kichard Scrasce (the first on this memorial brass) 
was valet to the Crown, and we may presume that he 
is referred to in a curious entry (temp. Ed. IV.) in the 
Cowfold churchwardens* accounts.^^ " It. a remembrans 
that Water Dunstall yowthe to my Master Scrasse of 
Hangleton ffor iiij bochell whete pris of viijd. a bochell. 
Item pris. a bochell of barlyche iiijd. It. for a bochell 
of malte vjd. The same Scras. yowthe me for a lode of 
talle wode pris of ijs.'* Some of his descendants in the 
17th century were vigorous Nonconformists, as the 
names of Henry, Bichard, Walter and John Scrase very 
frequently occur with other well-known Sussex names 
in the " Abstract of the sufferings of the People called 
Quakers," ^^ while one of the earliest church meetings of 
that body in this county was "a general meeting of 
Friends of Truth in Sussex held at the Widow Scrase's 
in Blatchington y* 2°*^ of y« 8*^ mo. 1662." It is also 
recorded ^ that on " the 19^^ of the 3^ mo. 1663 " for not 
paying tithes there were taken from Joane Scrase, 
widow, for a demand of £90, 28 beasts worth £123, 
from which we may assume that in spite of persecution 
**the Widow Scrase" was still a person of substance. 
The only Scrase in the parish registers is a Joseph 
Scrase buried in 1726. The manor of Hangleton now 
belongs to the Sackville family, and in " the accounts 
of Edward Lindsey, Esq., Steward to the Lord 
Treasurer,"^ is an entry dated 1601: *' This manor 
appears to belong to Lord Treasurer Buckhurst, to be 
leased to Barnard Whitstanes Esq. at £260 per annum.*' 
I do not trace how the manor passed from the Belling- 
hams, but in the proceedings in Chancery in the reign 
of Queen Elizabeth ^^ I find a notice of a suit in which 
Thomas, Lord Buckhurst, Knight of the Garter, was the 
plaintiff and Edward Bellingham and others the defen- 
dants, the premises referred to being " the manor, 

• 

21 " S. A. C." Vol. II., p. 322. 
aa 1st Ed. pub. 1733. 
" Ibid., 2nd Ed., p. 83, Vol. III. 

a* " Bun-ell MSS. " 5,683, p. 339. Quoted from MS. in the possesaion of Mr. 
Wm. Shadwell, of Bingmer. 

" ** Col. of the Proceedings," &c., 2 Eliz., p. 136, Vol. XIII., B. b. 29, No. W. 



HANfU.FTON AND ITS niSTOKT. 



375 



capital iimsstiaofo or iiinDsioii house of IlaDglefon and 
lands in Hangleton and East Aldrington ; " the Belling- 
hams appear to have retained the last-named property 
iiccording to the following, dated 1621**: — "The com- 
mon fine of the Burrowo is 1' every half-year whereof 
the farmer at Hangleton payetli at Lady day 2* and the 
farmer of Sir Edward Bellingham's lands in East 
Aldrington the other 2/ at michaelraas." This payment 
of the common fine appears before this to have heen a 
matter iu dispute, for in the '* Burrell M.SS. " there is 
this qnotation *' : " Sir Barnard Whiteston ata Whetston 
Kt. '* farmer of Hangleton did not contribute 1/3 with 
Hangleton farm towards payment of the common fine 
and thereupon at a Law day lioldea for y" said hundred 
8 apr. '14 Eliz. (1602) the Jury (amongst whom were 
many aged men) did present that time out of raind the 
owners farmers of the Demesne or manor of Hangleton 
had paid the common fine alone for that Burrowe ; 
Benfildcs never charged with jiayment of any penny 
thereof, and John Ainpleford the elder, George Fayre- 
foot, Richard Fowler and other aged men of the jury did 
then testify on oath that they knew Benfildes occupied 
alone many years together (before Mr. Bellingham took 
the same in farm) and the occupiers farmers thereof 
were never charged with payment of one penny towards 
the common fine." 

The manor of Benfields, of which tho description from 
Domesday has already been given, was tho estate of the 
family of De Benefeld in 1325, " and according to the 
Subsidy Roll of 13th of Henry IV. (1411) John Beny- 
feld*" paid £22 for liia manor at Hangleton. In 14il> 
there is the following (I quote from the "Burrell 
MSS."), which is not very clear, and 1 do not, therefore, 
attempt to translate, but this appears to bo the first 
mention of tho Coverts, and also indicates the existence 
of an important house at that date: — "Johes Norton 
cond Robert filio Roberti Ponyngesnup DmdePonynges 

" "Burteli IlSB.."p.339, 6flM. 
" Fnm ■■ Bowc's MS8„" p. !'3. 
* Baruanl WhiUUiuot. See aaU. 



176 HANQLETON AKD ITS HISTORY, 

& her suis 1 mess vo^ Benfeldes Place cum gardins 
adjacenti que nuper fuerunt Simonis Benfild iu Shor- 
ham. Walterus Covert Miles pro manerio de Benfilde 
in Hangleton nuper Georgii Covert et Johis Benfilde *' 
("Eowe's MSS." p. 142). The property passed 
into the hands of the Coverts of Slaugham, the great 
Sussex ironmasters, and described as "among the 
greatest landed properties in the S. of England, tradi- 
tion says that they could travel over their own manors 
from Southwark to the English Channel," In 1503 
John Covert died seized of the manor, leaving ^^ "his 
three daughters his next heirs, Anne, aged 6, Elizabeth 
aged 3, Dorothy aged 2 years," the manor being then 
" worth £5 above reprizes and held of George Nevill 
Lord Bergavenny but by what services is unknown." 
In 1640 ^^ Thomas Covert settled the manor in jointure 
upon Diana his wife, who was the youngest daughter of 
George, Lord Goring (Sir George^ Goring, Vice-Chamber- 
lain to the Queen, created Baron Goring of Hurstpier- 
point in 1626). In "Mr. Trafford's Account, 1784," 
quoted in the **Burrell MSS.,"^* the following imperfect 
entry brings us down to the present ownership : — 
"... Nordcliff purchased Benfildes of . • . and left 
it by will to his widow . . . who devised it to Henry 
Southwell Esq. . . . who bequeathed it to his Brother 
. . . Southwell of Wisbech in the Isle of Ely the pro- 
prietor in 1 784. Mr. Southwell's sister married Sir — 
Trafford K\ by whom she has one son . . . and one 
daur. • . •" The present owner is Mr. Trafford 
Southwell. The house, dating from the 16th century, 
and often described was completely destroyed in 1871 
(to the regret of antiquarians), to make way for a row of 
labourers cottages. It is described by Mr. Blaauw,'** and 
is supposed to have been a hunting seat of the Coverts. 
The principal front was 66 feet long, and was noticeable 
for the 16 shields of the family in stone displayed over 
the carved stone porch. These shields were preserved 

« " Bnrrell Add. MSS.," 3683, p. 331. ** " Add. MSS.,' 3683. 

" Jhid. w " 8. A. C," Vol. X., p. 164. 

^ "Berry's Pedigrees." 



\ 



HANGLETOS AND ITS HISTORV. 177 

by the late Mr. Edward Blaker, atid, with some other 
portions of carved atone work from BeuEelda, have been 
built into a wall at " Easthill," Portalade. There is a 
well known view by Lambert, and an etching by Nibbs, 
showing the front of the house, upon which these shields 
are conspicuous. 

We may now f;ive some attention to the parish 
church, which is dedicated to S. Helen, and stands on 
the bare hillside, about 30O yards above Hangleton 
Place. Mr. Lower^^ describes it as originally Norman, 
but I doubt whether there are any remains of Norman 
work, and it may be described as Early English with 
later additions. The building, which Mr. Hussey 
describes in 1850 as "in melancholy condition,"'" consists 
of tower (formerly open to tlia sky vide Lower), nave, and 
chancel only, the greatest width being 17^ feet, and the 
extreme length 62 feet; the walls are of large un- 
broken fiints, a good proportion being laid iu a curious 
herring-bone fashion, with stone dressings, some of the 
work to the doorways, &o., being in hard grey chalk. 
In the upper part of tlie south wall of the tower two 
carved heads are built in at odd intervals, and a round- 
headed doorway on the north has been built up; a small 
part only of the original Horsham stone roofing re- 
mains. The interior is severely plain, the floor, paved 
with brick, rising considerably from the west end to the 
chancel ; the roof is plastered, concealing all the timbers 
except the five stout oak, much worn, tie beams. The 
earliest dated tombstone is io the floor of the aisle, and 
records that : — 

BsfiK LiRTH Interbd Ye Bost op Asn Nobtoh (Dacohtbr of John 
NoKTDH OF PoRXaLiDE AKD Anh BIS Wife) 1749. 

In the south wall, and within the sanctuary, is a 
monument, until lately buried in the plaster. Upon the 
central space is a kneeling row of figures, on one side 
the father and five girls, and facing them the mother and 
four boys, all with scrolls rising from their mouths, 

*• ■■ Hi«t. o( Bnuex," Vol. I., p. aOD. " " Uuseeja Clmrcbe*," p. 233. 

XXXIV. 2 A 



178 HANGLETON AND ITS HI8T0EY. 

upon which may once have been the customary " Jesu 
mercy," but time and careless use have long obliterated 
both these and any other words. Beneath the eleven 
kneeling figures are three recumbent forms, but the 
marble shafts which should fill the spaces between the 
stone caps and bases are gone, and there is nothing to 
help to establish the date or identity of the memorial, 
unless the style, a debased classic, points to early 18th 
century workmanship. A curious niche remains on the 
north of, and just below, the east window, probably an 
aumbry, but so plastered up that no trace of any door or 
fittings remains. The font is modern, and for the old 
high-backed seats modern open benches have been 
substituted. In the churchyard, the altar tombs of the 
Hard wicks, for some generations tenants of the manor- 
house, are most conspicuous, a grassy mound being the 
only indication of the last resting place of the late Dr. 
Kenealy, noted in connection with the Tichborne trial, 
and formerly member for Stoke. 

No mention is made of a church in Domesday, but 
"Hangleton Church"^ is named amongst others in a 
Charter to the monastery of S. Pancras, Lewes, from 
Siffrid II., who was Bishop of Chichester from 1180 to 
1204, and in the Taxation of Pope Nicholas ^ the value of 
the church is given as £10 ; in the Inquisitiones 
nonarum '^ made in the 10th of Edward III. (1369), 
there is an interesting passage, part of which may be 
quoted. ..." By the testimony on oath of John at 
Holte, Robert Thomas, Thomas Hankyn, and William 
Blood of the Parish Church of Hangleton who say 
upon their oath that a tithe of sheaves is worth at the 
same place this year seven marks, and a tithe of wool 
and lambs 13/4 and not more. The amount of the 
whole tithe aforesaid eight marks is all the aforesaid 
church can be valued at for tithes. And they say that 
the tithe aforesaid does not correspond nor reach to the 
valuation of the aforesaid church iuasmuch as the rector 
has a house and garden and curtilage to the value of 

" " Huflsey's Churches/* p. 252. *• ** Non. Inq. •' p. 88& 

•» "Tax. Eocl.,''P.Nioh. 



nANflLETON AND ITS HISTORY. 



179 



O/-. Also the tithe of doves is worth C also the tithe 
of flax and hemp is worth 5/ " also the tithe of cows 
and calves with the dairy is worth 15/-. Also the tithe 
of sucking pigs . . . and of bees " is worth x*. Also 
they say that the fees are worth 11/-. Also they say that 
several lands in the aforesaid parish were barren and 
had been uncultivated in this year the tithe of whioh 
was wont to be worth 13/- per annum. . . . Also they 
say that the parish of Lewes takes titlies at the 
same place to the value of 20/-. And they say that there 
are not any persons in the aforesaid parish having 
chattels beyond the value of 10/- nor such as live by 
their lands and holdings.' In the "Valor Ecclesiasticus "" 
(1535) there is a reference showing the value of the 
church property on the very eve of the Reformation, 
which states that " Henry Horneby rector there (at 
Hangleton) is worth clearly by the year with all profits, 
(besides l.lO.-t yearly payable to the Prior of Lewes for 
a yearly pension . . .) 11.1-1.1." 

The patronage which had been with the Prior and 
Convent of S. Pancras, Lewes, until somewhere about 
1537 (?), was then granted to Thomas Cromwell, Earl 
of Essex. He was beheaded in 1540, and, by reason of his 
attainder, the patronage reverted to the Crown, there " is 
a grant in 1541 to Anno of Cleves for life, she died at 
Chelsea in 1557, and members of the BelHngham Family 
appear to have had the patronage until 1600, or a little 
later, when it passed to the Sackville family. In 1582 
there was some trouble with the incumbent, for in the 
*' State Papers Domestic " ** there is an entry of " articles 
exhibited by William Jackson master of artes against 
Henry Shales, parson of Hangletonne the 8th of March 
1582.*' Amongst other charges set forth are these — 
" charged him with being professed or appointed to one 
of the seminaries of Home or Fraunce within thease 

" This. Mindlpativoiif theeJWngirogrowtlio/llieso.iaiulerealiQg. BodeapecioMy 
M aXI yoftra aiiurior to tlie oitemined oomiiulaorj' growih ut these crops in the 
24 nt Hmirj VII. 

*■ Oho uf tha llelili ia itill knawn u " Hunexoruft." 

" " Val. Kcol.." Vol. I, p. 32(). 

" *■ Pit. Roll.," Heii. VIII,. p. as. 

""Stnto P. Domoal.," ISS3, Nu. 14. (uouiuiuniciiteJ bj Mr. P. E.Sawyer, P.S.A.) 



180 HANGLETON AND ITS HISTORY. 

foure five or sixe yeares. That he had said mass 
helped the priest. That he maintained dangeroi 
heresies viz. that there are two justifications befo 
God, *the former and the latter and after we 
sanctified ye works y* then we doe be meritorious. . . 
Heretical sermon preached at S. Michaels Lewes i 
26th Feb. ... In that sermon he did . . . rape 
divers of y* Godlie ministers of ye diocesse whome ] 
often called — * The new brotherhood the brotherhood 
separation, the separated brethren, private spiri 
&c. ...*** This is signed by the following as witnessc 
" Thomas Underdonne, John Lecke," and others. IM 
Shales seems to have met this attack with a counte 
charge, in which he says** "That Mr. Underdoni 

! preached in S. Mychael's Church in Lewis that the 

was no cause why the people should fere any dainger 
fall upon them for hearing such doctrine from a man n 
outwardly called for y* was not a few collects or ii 

I position of hands that maketh a preacher but if he ht 

an inwarde assurance and persuasion that he was calh 
by God, he moaght lawfully prech, and this he prov< 
by the . . . examples of Oregen . . . and of Willia 

! Holcott of Wellsfield who without outward callii 

I preached at William Jewells funei*al." Eventually 

appears that Mr. Shales was " excluded out of y* nomb 

. of preachers," and that something was done with bol 

Mr. Jackson and Mr. Underdonne, whose names a 
bracketted together, but without any explanatory coi 
ment. In 1585, Henry Shales resigned the living 
Hangleton. *^ In 1603, in the answers to the inquii 
made by the Bishop of Chichester as to the condition i 
the parish, the incumbent states that *® " in this parit 
of Hangleton whereof I am parson the whole pari 
consisteth of but one house and there are about ] 
communicants." Later, in 1724, dissent had made gre 
havoc in the flock, probably owing to the influence 
the Scrases as before recited, for the reply then is ** tl 
number of families are (sic) five the biggest of whi^ 

4« •' state p. Domeet.," No. 16. « ** S. A. C./' Vol. IV, p. 265. 

*r ^ Eeg. Ab. p. Whitgif t," f o. 358 b. 



RAKOLETOK AND ITS HISTORY. 181 

are Quakers," tliat there had been no communion 
within the memory of man, and that the parsonage 
had been destroyed by lightning many years before. Of 
this parsonage we find an earlier record in the " Inqui- 
Bitiones Nonarum " of 1369, already quoted, "The 
rector has a house and garden ; '* and again in 1635,** in 
"a Terrier of Gleabe Lands and Buildings belongenge 
unto the parsoniig of HangelUon taken the 21' day of 
marche in the eleventh yeere of the Raigne of o^ Sovaigne 
Lord Charles ..." there is a description worth partial 
quotation, "We have ... a Parsonug Howse, a Barne, 
a cloase and parcell of Land adjoining to the Howse con- 
tsyinge on Rood of groundo having the Church on the 
South, the high way on the East and the Right Honor- 
able the Earle of Doraete Landeon the northeand west." 
There is further this passage : " And more over it hath 
byn well knowne to have had one acre of arable Land 
lyeing among the Land late Sr Water Courte deceased 
for wch he hath oftentimes paid Rent but of laett yeers 
he hath detayned." 

The destruction of the parsonage above mentioned is 
more particularly described in the oddly-worded first 
entry in the Portslade Parish Registers. " Through the 
sacred Providence of Almighty God the old Church Regis- 
ter of Portslade was burnt by Lightening together with 
y* Parsonage House of Hangleton on Thursday 31" of 
may between 4 and 6 morning 1666 John Temple, clerke 
being y' Rector thereof." At the present time neither 
Parsonage, tithe barn, "the cloase," nor the garden are 
any longer to be found. 

There are no entries of much interest in the existing 
Parish Register, unless we except the following : — 
" 1677. Oct. 2. Bur. John Jacob of Flushing set sick 
on shore at West Aldrington by a Brighthelmstone 
boat." Before concluding, some notice may be taken 
of the present isolated position of the parish church, 
especially in connection with one or two other facts 
relating to the population. By the census of 1881 the 
parish of Hangleton contained 11 houses (all of these 

'■ Terrier," io., orig. prob. at Cbichaater, copy at PorUlada Vicarage. 



182 HANGLBTON AND ITS HISTORY, 

except Hangleton Place being new cottages) and 79 in- 
habitants, an increase of 18 persons since the previous 
census. In 1724, as we have noticed, there were only 
five families, in 1603 only one house (this is puzzling, as 
both *^ Benfields " and Hangleton Place must have then 
existed), and 15 communicants. In 1367 there were no 
persons having chattels beyond the value of lOs., but the 
population is not recorded. In Domesday 57 persons 
are mentioned, besides the lord, and it therefore seems fks 
if at no time within record was the parish a populous one. 
But upon the Ordnance Maps, on the south-west slope of 
the hillside beyond the church, and quite away from the 
part of the parish which is now inhabited, is marked 
"the site of the ancient village of Hangleton," this 
being, to some extent, confirmed by the extent of the 
brick and flint foundations which, I am informed, are 
always noticed here when the land is ploughed, and 
amongst the old field-names this is given as '* Stony 
Croft ."^ The sexton also tells me that he finds it quite 
impossible to dig in any part of the churchyard (not a 
very small one) without disturbing previous interments, 
and that the whole ground is " full of bones up to the 
top." This hardly seems accounted for by an average 
population of 30 or 40 souls. It may possibly be that 
the Black Death (1348-9) or some similar pestilence 
nearly exterminated the parish, but no reference appears 
to show this. 

In conclusion I have to express my indebtedness to 
several members of the Society for information and assis- 
tance, to the Eev. 0. A. Stevens, M.A., of Portslade, 
the Bev. A. P. Gordon, M.A.^ of Newtimber, and espe- 
cially to^ Mr. P. E. Sawyer, F.S.A., for many valuable 
memoranda, and to Miss Hardwick, of Hangleton Place, 
for a list of the field names, etc. A list of the incum- 
bents of Hangleton is appended.^^ 

<<> It is correntlj reported that a tannelled passage exists mnning from this point 
in the direction of West Blatchington. 

>i Most of the particulars in this list have been kindly supplied from the MSS. 
ooUections of the late J. B. Freeland, Esq., by his son, H. W. Freeland, Esq., 
formerly M.P. for Chichester, except where other aathoritiea are mentioned. 





Simon lugolf. 


1403. 


William Newton, 


Jan. 15. 




1407. 


John Lokyngton, 


Ap. 28. 






William Worthe, 


1442. 


John Qeryeys, 


Jane 25. 




1444. 


Thomas W hyte, 


Mar. 15. 




1478. 


Walter Cove, 


1484. 


John Hugh, 


Mar. 80. 




1511. 


Henry Prior. 


Jan. d. 




1528. 


Henry Homely, 



BANOLETON AND ITS HISTORY. 183 



on the resignation of Simon Ingolf, 

who had exchanged for Cowfold. 
on resignation of William Newton. 



■ 

on the death of William Worthe. 

on the resignation of John Gerreya. 

(? Walter Covert. A Walter Covert is 
mentioned in " Rowe's MSS.," 27 
Hen. VI.) 

on resignation of Walter Cove. 



on the death of Henry Prior. 
Feb. 16. 

The Prior and Convent of Saint Pancras, Lewes, were the Patrons up 
to this date, and also of West Blatchington. 
John Wilson. 
1568. Edward Cracknelle, on the death of John Wilson, and 

Feb. 16. presentation of Edward Belling- 

nam. 

'* On Jnne 9, 1585, the churches of Blachington and Hangleton nnited 

by Archbishop Whitgift, the see of Chichester being vacant." — " Reg. 

Arbp. Whitgift," fol. 858, b.) 

1582. Henry Shales, on resignation of Edward Cracknelle. 

1585. Thomas Wilsha, on resignation of Henry Shales. 

Jane 9. Richard Bellingham of Hangleton 

patron.— (" Reg. Arbp. Whit- 

gift.") 

1589. Richard May, A.M. on resignation of Thomas Wilsha. 

Jan. 10. Richard Mann(qy. ?) 

The patronage was henceforward with the Sackville family. 
1609. Joseph Bonne, on death of Richard Mann ; in a 

Jan. 17. roll of the several armors and fur- 

niture with the names of the clergy 
within the Archdeaconry of Lewes, 
1612, there appears " Hangleton, 
Glynde, Mr. Boone (double bene- 
ficed), • a musquet furnished.' " 
•« S. A. C," Vol. XL, p. 225.) 
1618. John Bridge, on death of Joseph Boone (see 

Sept. 1. Terrier of Qlebe Land, &c., already 

quoted). 

Li a list of the ** contribution 
of the clergie withih the diocese of 



184 HANGLETON AND ITS HISTORY. 

Chichester 1634 twards the repair- 
inge of S. Panls church in Lon- 
don," appears " John Bridge par- 
son of Hangleton and vicar of 

£ s. d. 
Portslade 00 10 00." ("Suss. 
Daily News," 7 Oct., 1876.) 
1669. John Temple. *' John Temple, Clerk Licentiate 

Jan. 26. Preacher was inducted into ye 

Parish Church by Mr. Peter 
Wynne Hector of Southweeke." 
(Portslade Parish Register, 2nd 
entry.) 
1709. John Tattersall, A.M. on death of John Temple. 

Ap. 18. 

1741. Edward Raynes, A.B., on death of John Tattersall. 

Jan. 81. 

1755. Robert Norton, A.M., on death of Edward Raynes. 

Oct. 6. 
1757. John Clutton, A.B., on death of Robert Norton. 

Feb. 25. 

1815. Henry Hoper, A.M., on death of John Clutton. 

Feb. 24. 

Blatchington was in the 18th century united to Brighton, and Hangle- 
ton is now united to Portslade under an order in Council dated 28 
July, 1864. 

The list of the Field names may perhaps be useful, and 
is herewith given : — 

Cowdren, or Cowdens. 
Pigeon House Field. 
North Lain. 
White House Piece. 
Skeleton Hovel. 
Upper Dencher. 
East Bottom Croft. 
Honey Croft. 
Stone Croft 
High Dole. 
Dean. 

Upper Lain. 
Benfields House Piece. 

T» 1 'I These are on the same estate, but just 

ThrGibbets.«3 J ^^®^ *^® Aldrington boundary. 

^> Some men hanged here for robbing the mail, aooording to local tradition. 



HISTORY OF THE P.UtlSH OF OVINa 

Br THs REV. H. M. DA VET, M.A., F.G.S., Vicae. 



OVING. 

The restoration of the ancient churoli of thla parish in 
the year 1881, led me to put together what facts I could 
find relating to Oving. These, forming a short history 
of the parish, were privately printed in 1883. It has 
been thought by some that it might interest the mem- 
bers of our Society if this History were printed in our 
" Collections." I needly hardly tell antiquaries that the 
account given in "Dallaway" formed the basis of the 
materials which I was able to collect. 

This large parish extends at least four miles ; from 
South Bersted to the City of Chichester. It is bounded 
by Tangmere, Boxgrove, and Westhampnett on the North, 
by Aldiugbourne and South Bersted on the East, by 
Merston and North Mundhain oq the South, and by 
Rumboldswyko and S. Pancras, Chichester, on the West. 
It is situated, civilly, in Bos and Stockbridge Hundred, 
Rape of Chichester, Union of Westhampnett; and, 
ecclesiastically, in the Diocese and Archdeaconry of 
Chichester, and Rural Deanery of Boxgrove, First 
Division. The total area of tlie parish is, according 
to the last Ordnance Survey (1875), acres 2,'.(8i)'2iH — (.e., 
2,989 acres, 1 rood, 7 perches, — made up as follows: — 

Land ... ... ... 2,891-223 



Water . 
Roada 
Railways . 



18-518 
66-937 
11-436 



Gross estimated rental tn 1»77, £'J,'22(i ; rutcablu value, £7,9t 
XXXIV. 2 D 



186 A HISTOBY OF THE PARISH OP OVING, 

The Arundel and Portsmouth canal, now disused, 
passes through the parish ; also the London, Brighton, 
and South Coast Railway, which has a station at Dray- 
ton. 

According to Tithe Commutation Map (1840) the total 
area of the parish was 2,946 acres, 1 rood, 38 poled. 

Part of the parish is within the parliamentary boundary 
of the City of Chichester, and a small part within the 
municipal. The western portion of the parish adjoining 
Chichester, called Portfield, was constituted an Ecclesi- 
astical District, and the Church of All Saints*, Portfield, 
consecrated in 1871. 

The population in 1801 was — Oving and Portfield 464 

„ 1811 „ 476 

„ 1831 „ 789 

1851 „ 875 

„ 1861 „ 949 

1871 „ 1,404 

1881 „ 5,646 

The name Oving, pronounced Ooving, is derived 

Sossibly from Offa, King of Mercia, a.d. 780, or from 
>ves, sheep. [The Isle of Sheppey is called Ovinia.] 
There is a village of the same name, but pronounced as 
spelt, near Aylesbury, in Buckinghamshire. 

From the earliest times the chief part of this parish 
has been bestowed on the Church. In Domesday Book 
(a.d. 1080) no specific mention is made of Oving, which, 
it may be concluded, was parcel of the great Manor of 
Aldingbourne, given to the Bishops in Saxon times. 
[Caedwalla, a.d. 680, King, gave the Manor of Alding- 
bourne and other rich domains to endow the bishopric 
which S. Wilfrid founded at Selsey, and which was 
transferred to Chichester in 1075.] 

The Manor is co-extensive with the parish, with the 
exception of the Manorial Farm belonging to the Pre- 
bend of Colworth, and Shopwyke, which was parcel of 
the Honor of the Eagle (de Aquila) annexed to the 
Castle of Pevensey. At the present time the Eccle- 
siastical Commissioners are Lords of the Manor, as well 
as the impropriators of the great tithes; they possess 



A niKTOBY OP THE PAHISH OF OVINO. 187 

also the Prebendal Estates of Colwortli and Woodliorn 
as well aa Ovincr, besides other property iu the pnrish 
obtained by purchase and exchange. The present annual 
vahie of the property in this parish beloneing to the 
Ecclesiastical Commissioners is, from land £2,0S0, from 
great titherent charge £850 — or nearly £3,000 per annum. 
Dallaway, in his History, says, " When the office of Pre- 
centor was estabhshed in the Catliedral Church of 
Chichester by Bishop Seffrid the First, bo endowed it 
amply with manor and demesnes of Oving, and with 
certain tithes at that time paid to the See." [Seffrid is 
a mistake for Iladulphus or Ralph I. (1091 — 1125), who 
established and endowed the offices of Dean, Chancellor, 
and Treasurer, aa well as Precentor.] 

THE MANOR. AND IMPROPRIATION OP OVINa, 

FORMERLY THE ENDOWMENT OF THE PRECENTOR 

OF CHICHESTER CATHEDRAL, NOW THE PROPERTY 

OF THE ECCLESIASTICAL COMMISSIONERS. 

"Endowment in 1811: — Manor, &c., 277 acres and 
many cottages held of same by copy of court roll, lialf 
the fines and heriots reserved to Chanter, leased for three 
lives. 260 acres of customary measure, 197 arable, 57 
meadow. Tithes of 2,579 acres, 2,108 arable, com- 
pounded for £803 12s. tid. The estate is ctiarged with 
an annual payment to Chanter of £52. The whole profits 
of Manor amount to £58 per annum." The Tithe Com- 
mutation Award in 1836 was £353 9s., which now be- 
longs to the Ecclesiastical Commissioners. 

The Precentorship is valued in Pope Nicholas' valua- 
tion, A.D. 1278, at £63, and in King's books at £35 Os. 5d., 
aa follows: — 

^dovrment in 1535 : — 

£ 8, A. 
Fnrm of Manor of Onng, with sppurtonaDces, 

called tie Prebend of Oving 19 2 I 

' F«nu of WcBtJean called Uilfiton 4 11 8 

1 Titbes of Oring annexed to the Dignity 20 



188 A H18T0ET OP THE PABI8H OF OYING. 

Reprisals :~~ 

£ B. d. 
To the Chaplain of the Chantiy at the altar of B. 

Pautaleon in the Cathedral S 

To the Prebendary of Colworth 16 8 

To Steward and Recelrer 3 6 8 

De Claro, £35 Os. 5d. £8 18 4 

[The Chantry of S. Pantaleon, Martyr, a.d. 303 (July 
2?), Patron Saint of Physicians, founded by Bishop 
Ralph, Tras situated at east end of north aisle of choir, 
where the Miller Monuments now are.] 

Parliamentary Survey of Oving Manor and Impro- 
priate Rectory, 1649 : — 

£ B. d. 
Bents of assize of copyholders in pariah of Ofing: 6 19 6^ 

Courts fiaron, fines, &c 2 10 

All that capital messuage or mansion house called 
the Manor Bouse, brick-b nil ding, &c., fenced 
garden, orchard containing two acres, and 186 

acres of land 14 10 

The three closes of arable at end of Upper Oving 
Lane, Eight Meads, containing ten acres, and 
eight acres of arable called Beech Fields, do pa; 
tithe, com and hay, to Vicar of Oving, all the 

residue of 186 acres are tithe free 

Improved value of copyhold, beside said rent of 

£6 19s.6id 163 16 

The copyholdB are all grantable for lives ; the 
heriots payable on the best goods. 

The lessees of the Manor, &c., of late years are as 
follows : — 

The lease was held in 1649 by J. Ashburnham, Esq., 
and about 1670 was transferred to William Bison, Esq. 
It 1730 it fell in to Daniel Walter, Precentor, and was 
released to Daniel Walter, his son, Mary, his daughter, 
and Elizabeth his daughter, wife of John Tench, clerk. 
His daughter Dorothy married W. Poole, Esq. Having 
devolved on Sir H. Poole, Bart., it was sold to Edmund 
Woods, Esq., of Sbopwyke, ia 1811. He died in 1833, 
aged 84, when it came into possession of his only sur- 
viving daughter, Katbarioa Woo^ who, dying, in 1848, 



A HISTOBT OF THE PAKISH OP OVING. 



aged 62, left it to her c 



189 

r cousin, the Kev. tj. H. Woods. In 
1857 the then Precentor, the Rev. Samuel Holland, M.D. 
(Precentor since 1820), died, and the Act of Parliament, 
passed in 1836, came into force, whereby the Manor and 
Impropriation became the property of the Ecclesiastical 
Commissioners, they paying to Mr. Woods the value of 
the one life, which in the ordinary course of things would 
have delayed their possession. The ancient Prebendal 
House (as it was called), now the farmhouse of the Manor 
Farm, contains vestiges of the ago of Henry VII. It 
was rebuilt temp, Charles I., remodelled at the beginning 
of the present century, and again in 1874. It was for 
some yeai"3 the residence of the family of Elson, then 
possessed of considerable property in this district. 
Monumental slabs of Sussex raarl)le to the memory of 
some of the family form part of the pavement of the 
chancel. [Before the recent restoration, part of the 
space within the Communion rails was paved with 
them.] 

This John Ashburnham mentioned above was pro- 
bably the John who was groom of the bed-charaber to 
Charles I. and Member of Parliament for Hastings, 
1640. He held the same office under Charles II., and 
assisted that monarch in his flight from Oxford and 
Hampton Coui-t. He was son of Sir J. Ashburnham of 
Ashburnham, Sussex, ancestor of the present Lord. 

This branch of the family of Elaon is now, I believe, 
extinct. The first named in Dallaway is John Elson, of 
Clymping, who died 1592; bis son John, of Barnham, 
was succeeded by his son William, of Barnham and 
Oviug, who died 1(J79. Of his four children, his son 
William was Member of Parliament for Chichester, 
1695 — 1713. He it was, who, at the Coronation of Queen 
Anne, 1702, promised (and I suppose performed his pro- 
mise), to maiie the conduit run with wine at his own 
cost. His daughter Anne became the wife of Alan 
Carr, of Chichester, son of Thomas Carr, Vicar of 
Oving, whose son Thomas was Member of Parliament 
for Chichester in 1708. Thus, uncle and nephew were 
Members of Parliament for the same place almost at the 



190 A HISTORY OP THE PARISH OP OVING. 

same time. Anne, daughter and heiress of William 
Elson, was the second wife of Sir Thomas Miller, Bart., 
of Chichester, but both her children died infants. The 
present baronet lives at Froyle Park, Hants. 

With regard to Queen Anne's coronation, in the Cor- 
poration Act Book occurs this notice : ** Coronation 
Day, resolved, that two dozen of wine be sent to Mrs. 
Mayoress, to drink Her Majesty's health with such 
gentlewomen as shall come to her house (John Sharer 
was Mayor). £26 allowed for the whole expense of 
the day, as W. Elson, Esq., representative in Parlia- 
ment, has promised the Corporation to make the con- 
duit run with wine at his own charges. 1704. 

Ordered, that each member of the Corporation who 
shall attend the Mayor to prayers on Thanksgiving Day 
(for the battle of Blenheim) shall be allowed a bottle of 
wine." 

Mayors — 

1706. Sir John Miller, Bart. 

1708. Thomas Carr [Member of Parliament also]. 

1709. John Elson [nephew of William, Member of Parliament]. 

In the parish register occur the following remarks :— 
" Johannes Drake, Vicarius, cum Gulielmus Elson, sen., 
Armiger, Manuarium et Rectoriam de Oving, emit ab 
Johanne Ashburnham Armigero, decimo octavo Novem- 
bris die. Anno Dni, 1669." 

" James Ingram was Vicar when the successors of 
William Elson, Esq., through negligence and indolence, 
suffered the Manour and Rectory of Oving to lapse into 
the hands of the Chanter (under whom it was held), the 
Reverend Mr. Daniel Walter, Vicar of Cuckfield, Anno 
Domini, 1730. Sixty-one years in possession of the 
Elsons.'' No doubt the Rev. J. Ingram wrote the 
above con amore^ for in the register he writes, "J. 
Ingram, Vicar till Michaelmas, afterwards Curate ; 
Daniel Walter, Vicar " — t.e.y the father gave the living 
to his son. The descendants of Mr. Ingram and Mr. 
Walter are now living in the same parish, Chailey 
(James Ingram, Esq., and Rev. Prebendary Hepburn), 



A HISTOET OP TOE PARISH OF OVINO. 



191 



knowing uotliing of any disafjrccment of jforraer times, 
both of whom also recognised the connection of their 
famihcs with Oviug, by subacribing to the restoration of 
the church in 1881. 

The Rev. Daniel Walter, was Precentor from 1719 to 
17GI. He wasa]so Vicar of Cuckfiold, and Prebendary 
of and Vicar of Wisborough, find ig buried at Cuckfield. 
An inscription to hia memory is (or was) in the Pres- 
bytery of the Catiiodral : " Daniel Walter, Vicar of 
Cnckfiehi, Cliantor and Canon Residentiary, 1761, c^^Sl." 
Ho married a daitfjbter of Bishop Mauuingliam (Bishop 
of Chichester, 1709— ] 722), hence, no doubt, his pre- 
ferments. As already mentioned, his son Daniel was 
Vicar uf Oving, and succeeded his father as Prebundary 
of Wisborough, 17-lG. He died in 1781, and is buried 
in a vault in the chancel of Oviug church. The in- 
scription on a tablet on the north wall of the cliancol 
is as follows : — " Jn memory of the Rev. Daniel Walter, 
M.A., Impropriator and Vicar of tliis CImrch, and Pro- 
boudary of the Catliedral of Chichester, who died 
January IGth, 1781. Aged GO. Thia testimony of 
affection and grief for the loss of the best of husbands 
and sincerest of friends was erected by his unhappy 
widow, Miiry Walter." She survived her husband 
eighteen years, for the register bonk of burials has this 
entry: "1799, April I6tli, Mrs. Mary Walter, Widow." 
Others of the family are also buried here, " 1783, Mrs. 
Mary Walter from Chichester," and '* 179G, Mrs. Eliza- 
beth Tench, from Chichester," hia two sisters. The 
latter married tbe Rev. John Tencli, who was Preben- 
dary and Incumbent of Earthiira in 1770, and who seems 
to have been connected with the county, as a Thomas 
Tench was Incumbent of Selham in 1082, and a John 
Tenoh Vicar of Harting in 1G76. 

To show the difference in the state of travelling one 
hundred years ago — Sir H, Poole makes entry in liis 
diary : " 1781, January 17th, received an express from 
Chichester of the death of ray poor uncle, Mr. Walter, 
and went as far aa Steyuing. 22ud, Mr. Walter buried 



192 A HISTORY OP tHB PAEISH OP OVING. 

in Oving. 26, came from Chichester after one o^cIock 
over Shoreham Ferry to Lewes/* 

Dallaway gives a list of the Precentors from Karlo, 
1120, to his own time. A few held the Deanery as well 
as Precentorship, e.g.^ John de Sancto Leofardo, nephew 
of Bishop Gilbert de S. Leofardo, 1305. Joseph Hen- 
shaw, 1660, afterwards Bishop of Peterborough and 
Norwich, who was deprived on account of his loyalty. 
Joseph Goulston, 1663. Nathaniel Crewe, 1669, after- 
wards Bishop of Durham. George Stradling, 1671. 

The gift of the Precentorship rested and rests with the 
Bishop ; formerly it was a valuable appointment, about 
£1 ,600 per annum, as it was endowed with the Manor Farm 
and the great tithes ; but since 1859, it is merely honorary. 
Dr. S. Holland was the last of the Precentors under the 
old regime ; he was presented to the office by his father- 
in-law. Lord Chancellor Erskine, by some arrangement 
which was common at that date, by which the Arch- 
bishop had a claim to a benefice of value upon a 
Bishop's appointment, and in this case he made an ex- 
change with a benefice in the gift of the Lord Chancellor. 
When Dr. Kowden was given the Precentorship by 
Bishop Gilbert, it had been shorn of all its endowment, 
even of the house in the Close known as the Chantry, 
which has now been allotted by the Ecclesiastical Com- 
missioners as a residence to one of the Canons Resi- 
dentiary. 

THE PEEBENDAL ESTATE OF COLWORTH, NOW THE 
PROPERTY OF THE ECCLESIASTICAL 

COMMISSIONEES. 

Colworth is a Prebendal Manor forming the " Corpus '* 
of the Prebend of Colworth in the Cathedral Church. 
It was leased to W. Peachey (or Pech6) in 1604; T. 
Sandham in 1649 ; and W. Bridger, gent., held it in 
1776. It now belongs to the Ecclesiastical Commis- 
sioners. The Prebend of Colworth (or Coleworth) is 
valued in Pope Nicholas' valuation at £26, and in Lib. 
Reg. at £18 13s. 4d. The endowment was the Manor 
Farm. 



^H A niSTOBT OP THE PARISD OF OVINO. 193 

Pai'liamentary Survey and Particulars of Colworth, 
the poaseseion of one of the Prebendaries of Chichester, 
1649 ;— 

All that capital Measoftgo, called tlje Manor HoiBe of Colworth, 8G 
acres of di'mesno lamia, all tithe free, exce^it IG acres valued at £77 lis. 
ImproTcd value of Copyholds besides present rents, £114. 
Hcriots payable by all Copyholders are the beat beaels, &c., &c, 

Henry de Garland, Dean, 1332, was Prebendary o£ 
Colworth, and founded t"he Chantry of Bishop Gilbert de 
S. Leofiirdo and the Blessed Virgin, iu the Cathedral, 
called the Colworth Cliartry in the Chapel of S. Faith, 
within the Cloister, for the repose of the soul of Roger 
de la Grave, Canon, 1337. It appears, however, that in 
1441 it was so ruinated and uncared for that the 
Chantry priest did not celebrate for the founder as he 
ought, trees even growing in the Chantry, 

[The Chapel of S. Faith, (Virgin and Martyr, 4th 
century, vide Prayer Book, October Gth), situate iu the 
S.E. angle of the Cloisters, was founded before 1313, 
and the lodging of the Cliantry Priests adjoined it.] Be- 
fore tlie time of Queen Elizabeth, the revenues of the 
greater number of the Chantries, of which there were 
many in the Cathedral, were received by the Chapter in 
trust, who were charged with payment of stipends to tho 
priests. It was held that every Bishop must have been 
a Prebendary. Adam Moleyns, temp. Hon. VI., was 
made Prebendary of Colworth to entitle hiiu to receive 
tho Bishopric. 

THE PREBENDAL ESTATE OF WOODHORN, NOW TflE 

PBOPEKTY" OF THE ECtJLESIASTICAL 

COMMISSIONERS. 

Woodhorn is another Prebendal Manor; its endow- 
ment " Manor farm of Woodborne, iu Parish of Oving, 
and Impropriation of Erlingtoa mth glebe lauds." 
Erhngton, now Arlington, is a parish of COO souls in the 
eastern portion of the Diocese, post town, Hawkburst. 
The Prebendary hud to provide for services in the 
""Thantry situated iu Arlington Churchyard (cu/e "Susses 
( XX3]V. 2 c 



194 A HISTOEY OF THE PAHTSH OF OVING, 

Archaeological Collections/' Vol. III.) The value of the 
Prebend is put down at £20, both in Pope Nicholas' and 
Lib. Reg. It was leased as usual for lives. Joseph Long 
was lessee in 1800. Until quite recently the land was 
covered with brushwood and scrub, but is now good 
arable land. A substantial farm-house was built by the 
Ecclesiastical Commissioners in 1873. 

The Rev. Dr. Holland was Prebendary of Woodhorn 
as well as Precentor. 

The Rev. H. B. Whittaker Churton, Vicar of Ickles- 
ham, has been Prebendary of Colworth since 1842, and 
the Rev. J. F. Hodgson, Vicar of Horsham, Prebendary 
of Woodhorn since 1861. They are both Priests' Stalls, 
t.e., the Prebendaries sang at the High Altar. 

We now proceed to speak of other property in the 
parish, which belonged to the Church, with the exception 
of Shopwyke. 

Drayton, or Westcote Drayton, formed a part of the 
original endowment of the Priory of Boxgrove. This 
Priory was founded by Robert de Hai&, 1117, in honour 
of the Virgin Mary and S. Blaise (patron of wool- 
combers) for monks of the Benedictine Order, the 
original number of three being added to by William and 
Robert St. John in 1149. It was a cell of the Abbey of 
TBssaie in Normandy. When the alien Priories were 
taken possession of by Edward III., Boxgrove was made 
denizen. It was suppressed, 1535, and seized by the 
Crown. The Manor Farm of Drayton was granted to 
Richard Sackville, Esq., who sold it to Thomas 
Bisshoppe, Esq. It then came into the hands of John 
Boniface, who left it to his daughter, Bet Boniface, whose 
trustees, after her death, parted with it to the Duke of 
Richmond, the present possessor, who also owns another 
farm called Drayton, situate in the same parish, and 
which was acquired by him previously. 

Groves was a farm also belonging to Boxgrove Priory. 
It was granted to Richard Chatfield at the suppression, 
who was succeeded by the family of Elson, from whom 
Alan Carr, who married Ann Alson, inherited. Their 
son, Thomas, ^as before stated, was Member of Parlia- 



A HiyTORT OF THE PAKIRH OF OnNO. 



195 



ment for Chichester in 1708. Pliilip Lawrence was 
proprietor in 1800. It now belonga to the Duke of 
Riciimonii. A fine old mansion was taken down about 
18GG, of which the walls of the garden only remain. 

Another estate, known rs Colworth Farm, was held, 
together with Groves, by Richard Chatfield, in 1547, 
probably a grant from the Crown, which descended to 
John Chat6eld of Groves in 1634. About 1710 it was 
the property of Richard North, twice Mayor of 
Chichester. He bequeathed it to his niece, Sarah 

Renaud, wife of Gillum. It was purchased in 1810 

by John Boniface. 

The Ecclesiastical CommissionerB are now the owners 
by purchase. 

Besides the above large estates formerly belonging to 
the Cathedral Church and now owned by the Ecclesias- 
tical Commissioners, other lands, belonging to Boxgrove 
Priory, in addition to those already mentioned as now be- 
longing to the Duke of Richmond (some 800 acres), were 
granted by the Crown to various persons who soon 
transferred them. 

We now come to consider the manor of Shopwyke or 
Shapwick, which never was Church property like the 
others. Dallaway says, " It is a very ancient Manor, 
originally held in captie by the Crown by a Knight's 
Service, as of the honour ' de Aquila,' upon which 
account it has been styled Shopwyke Egle," " Sohapwicke 
Egle," 39 Eliz. It is not particularised in Domesday 
Book ; but the Testa de Novil, an evidence approach- 
ing nearest to it in point of antiquity, states that 
the honour having reverted to the Crown, King Henry 
I. gave it for the rent of one hundred shillings 
to Reginald Hareng, a veteran soldier who had been 
wounded, whoso heirs held it in the reign of Henry III. 
Soon after that period it was annexed to the Earldom of 
Arundel. It was part of the jointure of Beatrix, 
Countess of Aruudel iu 1428, and in 1471 was aliened 
by Thomas, Earl of Arundel, to Thomas Hoo, Esq. 
From him it passed, in 1475, to Sir George Browue, of 
Botchworth Castle, in Surrey, who was attaiuted in Uj 



198 A HISTOBT OP THE PARISH OP OVING. 

tythes of the whole Parish, and is of the yearly value of 
£46.'* 

In the Tithe Commutation Act, 1836, the award to 
the Vicar is £270 10s. Extract as follows : — 

£t 8. d. 

Gross Rent Charge payable to Tithe-owners in Ilea of 

tithes, inclading tithe of glebe 
^o V iv&r ••• ••• ••• ••• ••• 

To Rev. Dr. Holland (Rector) 

To Dean and Chapter 

To Prior or Master of S. Mary's (Magdalen) Hospital 



••• 



12 10 
270 10 
853 9 

56 11 

[ 80 


10 






£1,210 10 






110 acres of land at Colworth exempt from great tithes 
by prescription ; la, 3r., belonging to C. Tipper, exempt 
from all tithes. Vicar entitled to great tithes of 
Parsonage and Chantry House and of demesne lands 
amounting to 95 acres and all small tithes ; glebe lands 
not subject, la. Ir. 32p. 

The two fields belonging to C. Tipper are called in 
Tithe Map, Church Field and Church Meadow; they 
were originally called Bell-rope Fields, I believe, the rent 
being applied to provide bell ropes for the church bells, 
but the churchwardens at the beginning of this century 
not looking after the matter, allowed the rent to be lost 
for ever to the church. The 95 acres which pay great 
tithes to the Vicar are situated chiefly at Colworth. 

The Dean and Chapter were impropriators of 194 
acres at Portfield. 

The Prior or Master of the Hospital of SS. James and 
Mary Magdalene, for Lepers, (on road from Chichester to 
Westhampnett, near the Lavant) had 80 acres at 
Colworth, given by Bishop Seffrid, temp. Henry II. 
The hospital had also lands at Portfield. 

The endowment of Vicarage now consists of the above- 
mentioned tithe rent charge, £270 10s., — 15s. of which 
has since (1882), been redeemed under the Act; £14 
granted by Ecclesiastical Commissioners out of their 
common fund, signed by her Majesty in Council, 23rd 
September, 1859 ; also a sum of £QQ and £2 for holy 



A msTOEY OF THE PAEIBH OP OVIKG. 



199 



bread, from the same source ; aiinesatiou of No. 308 on 
Tithe Map, dated 20th September, 1803, called Alms- 
house Field, of 2 acres, 2 roods, 19 poles; and aooexa- 
tion of land, gardea, coach-house and stables, partly 
in front, partly to south-west and partly to north-east 
of Vicarage House, dated S.'ith March, 1867, Noa. on 
Tithe Map, 300, 301, 302, quality, pasture; quantity, 1 
acre, rood, 4 poles; 304, garden, 17 poles; 305, 
meadow with stable and coach-liouso, 1 rood, 18 polea; 
306, orcliard, 1 rood, 39 poles ; total, 1 acre, 3 roods, 38 
poles — t'.c.jpart of kitchen garden aud pasture land lead- 
ing from front gate to the house. 

Thus the Ecclesiastical CoraraiBsioners, since they 
came into possession of the rectorial property, have 
added about four acres, making with the original glebe 
about sis acres of land, including tho kitchen garden. 
The gross value of the living is, therefore £353, and tho 
net £305, with four acres of garden and pleasure grounds 
and two acres let for £6. 

The old Vicarage House, which was small, stood near 
the road at the bottom of what is now the lawn ; which, 
indeed, formerly, was all the land belonging to the 
Vicarage. 

The present house was built under the auspices of 
Miss Woods, 1839, who was at that time the lessee of 
the great tithes. The Vicar at that time was the Rev. 
G. H. Langdon, for whom Miss Woods obtained the pre- 
sentation, making an arrangement with the patron for 
this living being vacated in favour of her nominee. [She 
purchased an advowson, which she made over to the 
patron in exchange for the presentation to Oving.] A 
sum of money (£866) was borrowed of Queen Anne's 
■Bounty for the purpose of building. 



OVING CITUECH. 

The church is cruciform, and consists of nave, chancel, 

and north and south transepts, with a tower at the west 

end, aunnounled by an obtuse spire of shingles. It is a 

'"'articularly tine specimen of a Sussex church of the 13th 



200 A HISTOEY OF THE PAEISH OF OVING. 

century. The date of the building as we see it now (for 
the transepts are of the same date as the church) is 
about 1220. It was restored by Miss Woods, who was 
lessee of the great tithes in 1840, chancel as well as 
church. These have been restored again (1881). The 
Ecclesiastical Commissioners, as rectors, restored the 
chancel, which was re-opened on Easter Day, 1881, the 
chief work being a new roof of oak and oak fittings, very 
handsome and solid. A costly holy table of carved oak 
was presented by J. F. France, Esq., the owner of a 
small property in the parish, in memory of his late wife. 
An account of the seven memorial windows will be found 
on page 207. The cost of restoration of the church was 
£1,600, contributed by the landowners, inhabitants, and 
other friends, and the church was re-opened in October 
of the same year. During the late restoration the 
foundations of an earlier Norman church were discovered. 
These ran in a straight line eastward from about three 
feet on either side of the tower arch. Many stones 
of the old church are worked into the walls of the 
present structure. Two were especially noticeable when 
the concrete was cleared off the wall of the north tran- 
sept, and have not been plastered over. A piece of stone 
was also found, supposed to be the abacus of a pillar ; if 
so, the original church had an aisle, which was pulled 
down when the present church was built. The church at 
the restoration (so-called), in 1840 had every vestige of 
antiquity, if any existed then, removed. As it appeared 
previously to the late restoration it presented anything 
but a cheerful aspect as to its interior. The walls in many 
places were covered with green mould, the corner by the 
pulpit being perfectly green ; the ceiling was a plastered 
one, and flat, very dirty and patched in many places ; 
the chancel had a semi-circular lath and plaster ceiling, 
and the walls were especially damp and mouldy. The 
backs and sides of the pews in chancel and transepts 
where they touched the walls were rotten. The pews 
themselves were of various shapes, painted, and with 
doors. At the west end of the church, completely block- 
ing up the tower arch, was an enormous gallery extending 



A mSTOEY OF THE PARISFI OP OVING. 



201 



into tlie cburch as far as the doors, hiding almost all 
light, and cutting in half the tower windows, TTuder this 
gallery the pews were coloured brown, and not only was 
it exceedingly close and stuffy for people sitting there, 
but there was barely light enough to read by, especially 
on the south side, where the women sat; while the men 
and young lads sat in tho gallery on most uncomfortable 
benches without backs. A floor for ringers, through 
which the gallery was reached, blocked up portions of 
the windows in the tower; a grind organ hid the portion 
of the tower arch above the gallery. This barrel organ 
had not been used for many years, and was rusty 
and decayed ; it was put up by Miss Woods in 
1811, at a cost of moro than £100; it fetched £1 10s. 
when it was taken down in 1881. A largo gill stove 
stood directly in front of the font, the pipe of which 
went out of the south window. The old altar slab, with 
its five incised crosses, was discovered by me in the pave- 
ment just under the tower arch. I had it removed into 
the chancel and inserted in the pavement under the holy 
table; thus after a lapse of 3S0 years it was replaced 
almost hi situ, on the spot it had occupied for 330 years 
previously. [All altars of stone were ordered to be re- 
moved in the year 1550, " on account of superstitious 
opinions of the Popish Mass." And although in the 
short reign of Queen Mary the altars were re-established 
where tbey could be found, yet in the injunctions of 
Queen Elizabeth it was directed " that the holy table be 
decently made and set up in the place where the altars 
stood."] It may be mentioned that in the neighbouring 
churches of Tangniere, Singleton, and Westdean, the old 
altar stabs are inserted in the top of the tables, and in 
the Lady Chapel of the Cathedral the original slab forms 
the entire top of the altar table. Its dimensions were 
not large, only 2ft. 9in. by 1ft. 9in. ; it might therefore 
have belonged to a side altar or chapel; for it would 
seem that there was once a chapel, though no remains 
were found of any side altars in the transepts (whore 
they would probably be) when the walla were lately 
stripped. In a document dated 1445 (translation), J. 

MXIV. 2 D 



202 A HISTOEY OF THE PARISH OP OVING. 

Frye, vicar, exhibited a deed of Hugh de Talmaco, 
chanter, under the seal of Kanulph, bishop. " The 
Vicarage is taxed in this way. All offerings of the altar, 
as well of the Mother Church as of the chapel, and all 
smaller tithes of the whole parish, and all the greater 
and smaller tithes of all my demesne ; so says H. Talmaci. 
Roger de Clare, precentor, 1292, gave to his chosen 
valet, Bobert Scarlet, for his service and homage, a por- 
tion of land called Edingham, in the parish of Oving, to 
hold by hereditary right, by rendering to the said Pre- 
centor and his successors annually a garland of roses 
at the feast of the Nativity of S. John Baptist, &c.'* 
(Dallaway). The will of Thomas Sandham, gentle- 
man, of Colworth, in parish of Oving, 20th February, 
1542. " I bequeath to maintaining the two standing 
lights in the foresaid Parish Church of Oving, that is to 
say, the rood light and the beam light in the quire before 
the blessed Sacrament of the Altar, to either of them two 
bushels of barley." ("Suss. Arch, Coll.,'* XII., 61. 
Article on Dedication of Churches, by C. Gibbon, 
Richmond Herald.) One of the names of the chancel 
was Bema. It was a raised platform approached by 
steps, separated from the nave by a railing called 
Cancelli, hence chancel; in the midst was the altar. 
The beam light was a light which either stood or swung 
before the altar. His bequest purchased oil for lamps, 
or new wax tapers, whichever was the form of light. 
This Mr. Sandham, Firmarius, as he calls himself — the 
irmarii were the ancestors of our country gentry — was 
of the family now represented by General Sandham, of 
Rowdell, Pulborough, and the Rev. J. M. Sandham, 
Rector of Coldwaltham and Hardham, the former of 
whom manifested bis connection with this parish by a 
subscription to the late church restoration.] 

The dedication of the Church is unknown, and likely 
to remain so, as it baffled the researches of Mr. Gibbon, 
Richmond Herald, in article mentioned above. Probably 
it was dedicated to the Holy Trinity. I am rather led to 
suggest this from the fact of the Cathedral having this 
dedication, and this church and parish being for so many 



A HISTOKT OF THE FAEISn OF OVING. 



203 



hundred years closely connected with the Mother Church ; 
also the windows, being in threes, lead one to the same 
conclusion ; moreover, the dedication is more likely to 
be lost in the caao of a church not dedicated to an 
individual saint. A silver coin, temp. Ed. I., was found 
in the south transept during the restoration. 
The dimensions of the Church are as follows : — 



Length ... 

Width 

Length of Cliancol 
Width 



44rt. I Length of S. Transept... 15ft. 
29rt. „ N, „ ... 18ft. 

30ft. Width of both Uft. 

17ft. I Tower 16ft. a<inare. 



THE EEGISTERS. 

The Registers begin in 1561. Some of the earliest 
names recorded are those of Siindham, Barttelot, and 
Peachey, — honoured Sussex families in this nineteenth 
century; — also, Challon, Chatfiold, Elson, and Miller. 
The following prayer, in the writing of T. Carr, Vicar, 
will be found under date 1624: — 

/||\ ^Irssrt ^rsti I toast us in pc ISibrc of tiis 
IJ |J most prrtioug blooO ; Krgfnrratr *: sanrtifie 
^-^ «a fij2 11)8 ?tiol2 Spirit jjl tor niaij (if unbrfilt^ 
mrmlicra of iT^ct ?c iSlorif^iti ^Kati follohiing tts 
£>ic]]prs in holiness of Uft ic ^'-otiit) roiiUrcsation 
tiU Cljou tinnge us all to tjjs aelfe m <6ioTi&cation. 
Slmrn. ^mcn. 

There is one curious entry showing how persons 200 
years ago were as keen about their pows as persons 
now-a-days. *' Contentio fuit de subsellio in Ecclesia 
Parochial! de Ovinge, Anno Dom.. 1670, quod jure 
pertiuet uxori vicaiii ejusdeni Piirochise; et vicesimo die 
Junii, Anno 1671, Doctoris Eades et Olivecii Whitbio 
EcclesiiB Cicestrensis Prasbendariorum Arbitrio adjudi- 
catum fuit perpetno eidein usiii portinere. Subsellium 
idem est quod ad doxtram udjungit choro." [ilonry 
Eades, Precentor, 1 G'.I6, Oliver Whitby, Archdeacon, 
1672,] In the year 1078 an Act of Parliament was 
passed for all corpses to be buried in woollen ; accord- 
ingly the Kegiaters from 1678 to 1G95 contain the 



204 A raSTOBT OF THE PA&ISH OF OVING. 

following entry: "The certificate of the affidavit of 
AJB. and CJ). that the said E.F. was buried in woollen 
only, and testified by Gr.H. one of His Majesty's Justices 
of the Peace for the County of Sussex, was brought in 
and Registered.*' 

The Registers are almost a blank from 1654 to 1661 ; 
the children of Alan Carr, son of the Yicar, and one 
other child in each year, being the only registrations of 
baptism. Few marriages are recorded ; and in the 
burials there is a complete blank for the years 1655- 
1657, while in 1654 and 1659 there is only one registered, 
that in 1659 being Elizabeth Carr, wife of the Vicar. 
A page at the end of the oldest Register Book has 
" Collections to Briefes in ye Parish of Oving, from the 
25th of March, 1670 :— 

" Aprill ye 3rd. — Collected to ye Briefe for Foyant in ye County of 
Wilts, granted for fire, One Shilling and Eightpence, John Drake, Vicar, 
James Ayres, Churchwarden. 

" Aprill ye 24th. — Collected to ye Briefe for Thetford in ye County of 
Norfolk, granted for fire, Three Shillings and Sixpence, John Drake, 
Vicar, Rob. Ameere Senior, Churchwarden. 

" Collected May ye first to a Briefe for John Cooke, of Great 
Bookeham in Surrey, Two Shillings and Five-pence, John Drake, Vicar, 
Rob. Ameere Senior, Churchwarden. 

167J 

" Collected to ye Briefe of Neather Wallop in ye County of 
Southampton, March ye Ist, Three Shillings. 

«* Collected to ye Briefe of John Smallpiece, of Guildford in ye County 
of Surrey, Tallow Chandler, wch. Richard Weston his Deputy gave me 
a receipt for ApU. ye 27th, John Drake, Vicar, John Bridge and Richard 
Poate, Churchwardens." 

On the inside of the cover of one of the Register 
Books is this notice : " The Gallery at the lower end of 
the Church was built by the Voluntary Contributions of 
the Vicar and other Inhabitants of the Parish of Oving, 
for the conveniency of the Singers ' setting | together, 
and the other Inhabitants having seat room, in the year 
1737, James Ingram, Vicar ; The Vicar's contribution 
was £2 2s Od. to the Gallery, and £1 Is. Od. towards 
books and of learning to Sing." 

At the end of the Register Books are notices of the 
distribution of small legacies by the Vicar and Church- 



I mo si 



A HISTOBY OF THE PARISH OF OVISti. 205 

wardens, left by differeut persons to the poor, evidently 
payable for one life after the person's decease ; viz., 
Aylin^, in 1624; Chataeld, 1G27; Pope, 1633; Carr, 
1673 (last payment of legacy mentioned) ; Nash, 1681; 
Plat, 1752. Also receipts for "customary mortuaries," 
from 1683 to 1736, for persona " who died worth jG-W in 
personal estate." There is a notice that the bounds of 
this parish were trodden on Holy Thursday, 1 756, by 
the minister, D. Walter, the church wardens, J. Guy and 
J. Stocker, J. Fallick, clerk, W. Maot, loader of the 
company, and other inhabitants named J. Cobden, J. Sait, 
J. Lawrence, J. Leggatt, J. Long, H. WiMsheer, W. 
Taylor, J. Page, F. Hall, J. Milliugton, J. Cobden, E. 
Cobden — the last eight have the word junior added, 
most probably they were boys. 



THE BELLS. 



r 



he bells in the tower are four, and are placed within 
the Bpire, supported by large timbers. The note of the 
tenor bell is B flat. The inscriptions are: — ' 

1. Thomas G.. R,M., 1613.' 

2. BrymmB Eldridge, me fecit, IG27,' 

3. „ „ 1GS3. 

4. Richard Gierke, Henry Neiriuan, Church waiiloiia. Gtement Toscar 
' the jearo 1702.* 



TABLETS. 



Mural tablets in the chancel are erected to Edmund 
Woods, Esq., of Shopwyke (ob. 1833) ; to the Rev. Daniel 
Walter, Prebendary of the Cathedral and Impropriator and 
Vicar of Oving (ob. 1781), vide pages 191 and 212; to the 



a Q, OMl three 



1 " Sum. Arch. Coll.," XVI.. p. 2ia 

> Edmnnd Giin, boll foQadur at Unes, 1505— IGU. 1 
bells prcvioui to E. Qi]o9' death, one al Mikyfield, 1^2; o „. 

Booth Betstod, IIJU. Ho lived in ChiolioiitiT, and afterwards wont to Ijanci. In 
thnt neiKhbODrhoad ue six bolla nith bra name or initials. He died aUasl 1638. 
E. H.i perhapa the Cbnrub«Ardeii. 

' Bcjui Bldridgc, bell ftmndor of Oiertsejr. Bicbainl wns (he founder ol the 
family, hi* flrti bellis ilatwl 1593. BryKD (Doceeded hicn! prubablv tbore nero 
tttu ot till* nAne. u IRIS is Nuliast aod 1601 lal«at, of the bclla wiUi iWt name. 
Mors than ninety Witii bear EldridKe'a nuue. and fifty Bryan Eldndge't io Soasex 
'{Ml ha died iu Iddl. 

■ CUameot Totcor, bell toaiuler of Salisbury. 



206 A HI?XaBT OF THE PABISH OF OYTSa. 

Ber. Edvmrd Edwards,B€ctor of East Wittering for fifteen 
yesrs, and Yicar of Oring for fourteen years (ob. 1800) ; 
mud in tlie floor of the naTe is a large stone slab» with a 
weD-cat inscription to Thomas Carr, Vicar of Oving for 
fbrtr years, who deceased the 6th day of May, 1663, in 
the seventy-third year of his age, and Elizabeth, his wife, 
who died 17th September, 1659. He was therefore. Vicar 
throogfaoot all the tronbloos times of the Commonwealth, 
and appears never to have been displaced — a sort of Vicar 
of Bray. In his lifetime, consequently, be had expe-* 
rience of the Established Chnrch being Episcopalian, then 
Presbyterian, then Episcopalian again. He saw the Book 
of Common Prayer abolished and the Presbyterian Direc- 
tory enforced by penalties, and he lived to see it restored 
again, though his wife did not, as she died in the previous 
year. On a very large stone now placed next the fore- 
going, but previously by the chancel door, with the 
inscription much obliterated, is an inscription to a very 
wonderful child, who died at the early age of twelve (the 
grandiloquent words remind one of that to the child's 
grandmother, the wife of Bishop Alanningham, in the 
floor of the Cathedral, near the gates on the north side of 
the choir.) It runs thus: "To the memory of Daniel 
Walter, son of Daniel Walter, Vicar of this Parish and 
Prebendary of the Church of Chichester, and Mary his 
wife, who departed this Ufe May 4th, 1765, aged twelve. 
An early age and but of few days — few indeed, but happy. 
Happy in everything that is most valuable in this life : — 
the being blessed with the peculiar gift of heaven, an 
excellent understanding, endowed and improved beyond 
his years ; a most sweet and amiable temper; a perfect 
innocence of life and a native purity of manners. These 
virtues and most engaging qualities rendered him de- 
servedly, when living, the object of . . . esteem and 
love, . . ." 

In the nave are mural tablets to the Rev. G. RoUo, 
Vicar of Hartberry, and sometime Curate of Oving, his 
wife and son, ob. 1805 ; to Rev. A. P. Birrell, the last 
Incumbent; to Miss F. M. Pilkington, ob. 1858; and 
three to the family of Davis; in north transept to 



I or 



A rilSTOHY OF THE rAKISH OF OFINC. 207 

Siisaunali Green, ob. 1829; and in south transept to 
Stephen Challen, ob. 1731. 

THE CHURCHYARD. 

The churchyard was finally closed by order o£ the 

^ueen in Council, 2nd February, 1874. A piece of land 

" on the opposite side of the road, belonging to Lord Zouch, 

was presented liy him for a cemetery (the last piece of 

the property he formerly had in the parish, originally 

belonging to Bosgrove Priory, which he sold to the 

Ecclesiastical Coinmiasiotiers) ; it consists of about hatf- 

I an-acre, and was consecrated by the Lord Bishop of 

H^^ichester, in March, 1872. 

me 

I ■ 



WINDOWS. 
The chancel windows are filled with stained glass, as 



memorials, and are the gifts of vanoua donors. 

Tho east window contains three large figures repre* 
senting Faith, Hope, and Charity. It was presented by 
tho Kov. H. G. M'oods, of Shopwyke, in memory of his 
uncle, the Rev. G. H. Woods, of Shopwyke, in this parish, 
who died in 1879. Mr. AVoods was Vicar of West Dean 
with Singleton from 1831 to 184'9, and Treasurer of the 
Cathedral Church of Chichester from 1870 till his death. 
The erection of All Saints' Church, Portfleld.as a memo- 
rial to tho Rev. G. H. Langdon, formerly Vioar of Oving, 
was in a great measure owing to his exertions. He was 
for some years lessee of the great tithes of this parish. 

The eastern wiudow on the south side was given by 
the Rev. Mackenzie B. C. AValcott, Precentor of the 
Cathedral Church of Chichester and Prebendary of 
Oving (13(33—1880). Mr. Walcott, alas I did not live 
to see it erected, as he died in December, 1880. It 
represents S. Richard, Bishop of Chichester, 12io (about 
the time this church was built). His name appears in 
the Kalendar of our Prayer Book on April 3. He was 
boru at Droitwich, in Worcestershire, iu 1197, heuce he 
was designated De la Wyche ; his family name was de 
Burford (or Chandos). He was a man of great piety and 
learning ; and after his establishment in this see he 



208 A HISTOBY OP THE PAIMSH OP OVING. 

became eminent for his diffusive charity to the poor, 
no less than for the zeal with which he preached to 
the people, who flocked to him by thousands. He died 
in 1258, and was canonized at the earnest solicitation of 
Bishop Stephen de Bei^hestede (Bersted), 1262. The 
subject of S. Richard was chosen by the late Precentor 
to connect his stall in the Cathedral (Oving) with this 
parish ; for (according to Dallaway's History) " When 
the office of Precentor was established in the Cathedral 
by Bishop Seffrid I.,* in 1120, he endowed it with the 
Manor and demesnes of Oving, and with certain tithes 
at that time paid to the See." The benefice (Vicarage) 
was in the gift of the Precentor from 1220 until 1857, 
when by the Act of Parliament passed in 1836 the patron- 
age was vested in the Bishop of the Diocese ; the Manor 
and Manor Fann, which formed the endowment of the 
Precentorship, passing to the Ecclesiastical Commis- 
sioners, who, as possessors of the great tithes (t.6., as 
Rectors), restored the chancel, 1880. 

The centre window represents S. Anna, or Anne, 
Mother of the Blessed Virgin, and is in memory of 
Major and Mrs. Pipon, who are buried in a vault in the 
churchyard. S. Anne was chosen, as Mrs. Pipon's 
Christian name was Anne. S. Anne is commemorated 
by the Church of England on July 26. 

The Great Apostle of the Gentiles, S. Paul, is repre- 
sented in the window nearest the chancel arch. He is 
shown holding the emblem of martrydom — ^a sword. It 
is the gift of the widow and son of the late Vicar, the 
Rev. A. P. Birrell (1851—1879). Mr. Birrell was the 
last Vicar presented to the living by the Precentor. 

The window opposite is erected by the widow of the 
late Rev. Gilbert Henry Langdon to his memory. Mr. 
Langdon was Vicar from 1838 to 1851, and Prebendary 
of Hurst in the Cathedral Church. During his incum- 
bency the church and chancel were restored (in 1840) 
and the present Vicarage-house was built ; the school- 
house and almshouses were also erected by Miss Woods, 
the lessee of the great tithes. The subject of the 

' See ante, page 187. 



A niSTOEY OP THE TAniSH OP OVINO. 209 

trmclow is Gilbert de Sancto Leofardo, Bishop of 
Chichester, 1288—1304. He built the Lady Chapel of 
the Cathedral, and gave lands in this parish for the 
endowment of the- Precentorship. He was a man of 
singular piety, and appropriately commemorates his 
namesake, Gilbert Langdon, who was considered by all 
who knew him a pattern parish priest- It is said of 
Bishop Gilbert by one of his contemporaries, that he was 
" a father to tho fatherless — a comforter of the mourn- 
ing widows — a pious and humble visitor to the sick and 
bedrid in cottages, and was more bountiful to refresh 
the poor than entertain the rich." Bishop Gilbert was 
not canonized owing to the fact of Bishop Richard de la 
Wych having so lately had that honour conferred upon 
hira. 

The middle window of this north side was erected by 
the late Dr. McCarogher, of Chichester, in memory of 
his wife, n^e Ommanney, who is buried in a vault in the 
churchyard. It represents Dorcas, of whom we read in 
Acts ix., and is intended to be emblematical of the 
charitable deeds and acts of kindness for which the late 
Mrs, McCarogher was distinguished. These two windows 
overlook the graves of the persons to whose memory 
they are erected. 

The eastern window represents S. Wilfrid, the Apostle 
of the South Saxons. He landed at Selsey, a.d. 680, 
having been exiled from York, and established a Bishop- 
ric there, which was moved to Chichester in 1076, when 
all sees were removed from villages to populous towns. 
S. Wilfrid is depicted holding a pagan idol. This window 
is the gift of the present Vicar, who was collated to the 
benefice by the patron, the Lord Bishop of Chichester, 
OD S. James's Day, 1879. 

One of the windows in the north transept has been 
filled with stained glass in memory of tho late Joseph 
McCarogher, M.D., who died November, 1881, aged 93, 
by his eon, the Bev. J. 0. McCarogher, Rector of Nut- 
hurst and Prebendary of Bury. 

" In the year 1840 a new service of Communion plate, 
consisting of a flagon, chalice, paten, and alms plate, was 

xxxiv. 2 E 



210 A HIBTOET OF THE PAKIBH OF OVINQ. 

presented by Mrs. Pilkington, of Shopwyke, relict of 
the late Rev. Charles Pilkington, Canon Residentiary of 
the Cathedral Church of Chichester, on which occasion 
the old chalice and paten having become useless, were 
sold for £4 17s. 7d. At the same time a folio Bible and 
Common Prayer Book, handsomely bound, were pre- 
sented by Harriett Elizabeth Dixon (relict of the late 
Captain Q. F. Dizon, R.N.), Frances Mary Pilkington, 
and George Pilkington, daughters and son of the above. 
Two altar services, corresponding with the Bible and 
Prayer Book, were presented by Miss Emma Williams, 
of Shopwyke, sister of Mrs. Pilkington." (The above 
is in Mr. Langdon's handwriting on inside cover of one 
of the Register Books). 



The only charitable bequests known to the Charity 
Commissioners are those of Stephen Challen and 
Susannah Green ; both for educational purposes. By 
the will of Stephen Challen of Shopwick, yeoman, 
dated in 1730, one moiety of the rent of two houses in 
Savory Lane (now called Little London), in the parish 
of S. Andrew, Chichester, repairs, rates and taxes, &c. 
being deducted, is payable to Vicar and Churchwardens 
of Oving, for educational purposes; the other moiety to 
Cocking. The premises constituting the endowment 
were sold under the authority of the Charity Commis- 
sion io November, 1867, and the proceeds invested in 
consols in the name of the Charity Commissioners ; the 
Oving moiety, with balance of £12 in hands of their 
trustees, being £144 7s. 6d., producing per annum 
£4 6s. 7d. This is received by the Vicar through the 
London and County Bank, Chichester (£2 per annum 
■was paid for many years to a schoolmaster for teaching 
four children). Mrs. Susannah Green, by will dated 
December, 1827, left £2,000 to trustees bo be invested 
and the dividends to be applied for ever to the main- 
tenance of three poor widows oE Ovitii^; a mural tablet 
to this effect is ou the wall o£j,he liorth tgansept. How- 



HISTORY OF THE PAUISH OP OVING. 



211 



ever, the next of kin filed a bill in Chancery, and suc- 
cessfully disputed the bequest ; and by an order of Vice- 
Chancellor Knight Bruce, dated 1849 (in the case of 
Comber v. Sadler and others), they were to sell £2,156 
bank 3-per-cent. annuities, and out of the money to arise 
by the sale, to pay £188 to the Accountant General of 
the Court of Chancery, to be by him invested in 3-per- 
cent, annuities, and the dividends from time to time to 
be paid by him to the Vicar of Oving for the benefit of 
the National School of the parish. It appears that the 
stock was eold out and the money (£188) paid into 
Messrs. Gruggen and Coraper's Bank, where it remained 
unproductive till 1855, when the sum of £211 10s. 8d. 
was invested in 3-per-cent. consols, producing £G 63, lid. 
interest. This is payable by power of attorney through 
the above bank to the Vicar. 

There are six Almshouses, built by Miss Woods in 
1839, which now belong to Rev. H. G. Woods. It 
appears there were some almshouses belonging to the 
parish, but an arrangement was come to with Miss 
Woods, by which, in return for the land on which they 
were built, she agreed to build these six handsome and 
convenient almshouses on the site they now occupy. 
She bequeathed £3,106 consols for educational purposes 
and £2,950 consols for the almshouses, but by a decree 
of the Master of the Rolls in 1852, the said charitable 
legacies were declared to have failed under the provisions 
of the Statutes of Mortmain. 



THE SCHOOLS. 

The schools were built by Miss Woods and opened in 
1839, and were entirely supported by her and her heirs, 
at an expense of £130 per annum, until 1879; when, 
upon the Rev. H. G. Woods succeeding to the Shopwyke 
Estate, the school buildings were made over to the Vicar 
and Churchwardens. The schools (mixed) are now 
supported by voluntary contributions. 

Two small tenements belonging to the pariah, situate 
\ Portfleld, were sold in 1883. 



212 



A HI8T0ET OP THE PARISH OP OVING. 



INCUMBENTS OF OYING. 
(Patron, The Precentor.) 





John Eede 


1612. 


1398. 


Walter Staneway 


1623. 


1404. 


William Stoke 


1663. 




John Churchylle 


1667. 


1444. 


John Whiting 


1682. 


1445. 


John Frye 


1720. 




Anthony Gierke 


1746. 


1515. 


Ralph Tilney 


1781. 


1528. 


William Crobse 


1786. 


1532. 


Thomas Downe 


1810. 


1554. 


Richard Bowtute 


1814. 




William Hawkins* 


1826. 


1570. 


John Martisse 


1827. 




William Loder* 


1889. 


1599. 


Raphael Widdowson* 


1851. 


1609. 


Edward Martin 





John Hullwood* 
Thomas Carr* 
Samuel Hill* 
John Drake* 
John Woodyer* 
James Ingram 

Daniel Walter* (son of Patron) 
Miles Williams 
Edward Edwards* 
Thomas Woodroffe 
T. GahbitUs 
R. G. Curtois 

T. A. HoUandf (son of Patron) 
G. H. Langdon* 
A. P. Birrell* (son-in-law of 
Patron) 



(Patron, The Bishop.) 
1879. Henry Mahony Dayey 



* Buried at Oving. 



t The present Rector of PoynizigB. 



PEECENTOES. 

(LORDS OF THE MANOE AND PATEONS 
THE BENEFICE OF OVING.) 



OP 



1120. Karlo 
1145. Henry 
1147. Robert 
1185. Lewis 

Hngo de Talmaco 
1216, William de Lewknor 
1219. Ernisins de Tywa 
1271. Richard de Clifford 
1288. Bogo 
1292. Roger de Clare 
1805. John de S. Leofardo 
1321. Gailhardus de Mot 
1378. Robert de Derby 
1897. Richard Conrtenay 
1407. Nicholas Rees 
1407. William Rede 
1441. John Blonnham 
1478. John Wyne 



1485. Richard Aspynholgh 
1502. Henry Hoten 
1520. WiUiam Horsey 

1542, George Wynd 

1543. Cuthbert Opley 
1547. Thomas Day 
1579. John Becon 
1587. Henry Ball 

1596. Thomas Willonghby 
1603. John Mattock 
1613. Thomas Muriat 
1660. Joseph Henshaw 
1663. Joseph Galston 
1669. Nathaniel Crewe 
1671. George Stradling 
1688. Robert Jenkin 
1690. John Patrick 
1696. Henry Edes 



A HI8T0EV np THE PARISH OP OVINO. 



213 



1^03. Edmnnd Gibson 
1707. Heiiiy Gray 
1719. Dnniel Walter 
17G1. Tliomas Herring 
17 — . Charles Ashburnham 
1801, ThoDiae Ferris. 
1601. Moeoa Toghill 



1820. Sftmuel Holland, M.D., at 
nboEe death the EcclcEias- 
ticat Com miaei oners hecatae 
Lords of the Manor, and 
the Bishop, Patron of the 
Benefice. 



PRECENTORS (HONORARY). 



1859. George Croke Bowden, D.C.L. 
18S2. Mackenzie K. C. Walcott, B.D. 
1882. Thomas Francis Crosse, D.C.L. 



NAMES OCCDRRING IN THE PARISH REGISTERS 
PRtJM THEIR COMMENCEMENT 15(il TO ItiOO, 
SOME OF WHICH STILL EXIST IN THE DISTRICT. 

Anieere, Abnrrow, Aldorton, Auiuii, Anthony, Adeane, Awood, 
Ameil, Addams. 

Bowlby, Beard. Betto or Bet, Burridge or Biirge, Bartelot or Bartlct 
or Bnrtly, Bery, Bower, Brown, Beofo, Btirt, Bradford, Bartholomew, 
Barnes, Brand, Busted, Brittainc or Britt«n, Bowbrooke, Bark^heere, 
Brode, Battayle, Borrelt, Borden, Blaker, BreaUham or Breddam, 
Bnrrcll, Bear, Barro, Beman, Ballanl. 

Coole, Coode, Croft, Chailen, C'leere, Cranly, Clew, Cartcsse, Cooke, 
Cheeseman, Crowe, Coles, Chamber, Carpenter, Clark, Carter, Cotterill, 
Chatfield. 

Downer, Davy, Dyggons, Doommiiig or Doming, Dosset, Dashe, 
Darid, Deaiie, Dennis, Dorm an, Doughty . Dixon, Day, Day kin, 
Dubbcrley or Duberl^, Uonnaway. 

Engliiibe, Eyres, Ewenes, Elmoore or Earlmore, Emmond. 

Ffawfceaor, Ffoater, Ffrende, Ffnssard, Fogden, Felder. Ffry, Pflint, 
Ffletcher, Ffysher, Ffarle, Fflusher, Faggater, Fiote, Ffayrebeamhe 
(FairbauTi ?), Ffreelaiid, Ffowler. 

Golding. Guy, Goble, GiUingham, Grey, Gawen, Gayllam, Goddard, 

Horscroft, Hamblyn, Higgens, Haddon, Hone, Hoskin, Hooker, 
Hibden or Hibherdeu, Hayward, Hopkin, Hedger, Harryson, Head, 
Hayle, Hardingo, Horsbridge, Harrode, Hawkings, Hasier, Hjukin, 
Hyndgson. 

Jacques or Jakes, Joyner, Irishe, Jupc, Jotinapper, James, Johnson, 
JacBon. 

Knight, Ki^uip, Kluge. 

Linne, Limburg, Lee, Leger, Lonfe, Longe, Lamherd, Lcggat, 
Lennard, Lidderku, Lnttard, Lege, Lilliat or Leliot. 

Mills, Millard, Man or Manne, Marshall, Merificld, Marche, Muthcw, 
Mu-tyn, Morley, Mayle, Michell, Morinc, Makerell or Makrill, 
" Napper, Naporaft, Nichobon. 



214 A HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF OVING. 

Oliver. 

Poate, Pringett, Pettyt, Peters, Pigate, Pattricke, Pott, Peachye or 
Pechie or Pech^ Pamer, Pynner, Petty, Pococke. 

Richmond^ Bandall, Rose, Rolfe, Ryman, Rowland, Rodes, Rygate, 
Rushman, Ryder, Reynolds, Rasell, Rowman. 

Sparrell, Sandham or Sandam, Sturt, Smith, Sqnier, Shorter, 
Scarvill or Scardifield or Scarterfield, Silvester, Sharrlocke, Stanford, 
Bucket, Strethen, Soommer, Symon, Sacher (7), Salter, Stronge, Sparkes, 
Shory, Searinge, Stnbbs, Scott, Sheppard or Shepherd, Smart, Steyens. 

Taylor, Tyre, Tylly, Tosse, Triggs, Tyrrell, Todgoose, Tomkins, 
Turkett, Todman. 

Volden, Voler or Voller. 

Ward, Wheatman or Whatman, Westmille, Wasse, Wyat, Wyse, 
Wheeler, Wilkinson, Wheatlow, Woods, Wilson, Wyllard, Waterman, 
Walter, Whatly, Wynne. 



■ ACCOUNT OF THE DISOOVEET OF ROMAN 
REMAINS ON THE EAST CHESSWOOD ESTATE, 
WORTHING, 1881/ 

Bt ALESANDBK JAMES FENTON, Esq. 



Ik the spring of 1881 workmen were engaged in trench- 
ing the ground of Mr. Robert Viper on the East Chesa- 
wood Estate, Worthing, then occupied by Messrs. Webster 
and Co. as part of their nurseries. At a distance of 
about two or three feet below the surface they met 
with a number of urns and other pieces of Roman 
pottery. The pieces first found by the men, they stated, 
were very soft, and broke to bits, and they took no 
further notice of them than to break them smaller and 
dig them in again. In this way there is no doubt many 
pieces of ware of different sorts were destroyed, and the 
havoc was not stopped till Mr. Piper one morning 
noticed the ground strewed about with the small frag- 
ments of urns and parts of the other destroyed vessels. 
He called the attention of the men to these pieces, and 
then learnt what bad taken place. The vessel No. 11, 
to be subsequently mentioned, was then handed him, and 
the Samian bowl No. 20 and the vessels Nos. 8 and 12 
were afterwards recovered from a workman who had 
taken them home. It was also ascertained that a short 
time previously other pottery had been dug up, broken, 
and buried again a few feet southward of Messrs. 
Webster's nurseries when a trench was being made for 
laying down drains. 

After this tlie men's operations were watched, and 
they were enjoined to be careful. The result was that 
the other pieces of pottery described in this account 

' i.aolB of ihia diitxiverj appenrcd la Vol. XXXII, of the Society's "Colleo- 



216 Jk¥ Acconrr of the disootkbt op boman bemaiks 



were foand and preserved. Thej consist of urns con- 
taining calcined haman bones, Samian bowls, and other 
ware, all of Roman date. Only one coin was found. It 
wa9 of brass, bot so decayed that no trace of any in- 
scription or figure coold be seen. 



RAILWAY 



TO mtUCKTOM 



jaSff^j^^^aaaM'aft'SocooaK 




s»v»:«»»»>x*:< 



< 



UMmmJLrek OOOFmm^ 



k 



CHE8SW00D ROAD 



r#r^^ ^^rtmi 



O 

> 



k 



The accompanying plan shows, by the double line of 
crosses, the spot where the pottery was found. It seems 
to run in a line from north-west to south-east, pointing 
towards Cissbury on the north-west and south-east to- 
wards a spot in the Forty Acres Field, where Mr. E. C. 
Patching, some few years ago, discovered an urn con- 
taining bronze celts.* From the number of urns found it 
appears certain that the place was used as a burial 
ground during the time of the Roman occupation of the 
country, and from the known fact that the Romans 
made their burial places beside their roads, it is very 
probable that a Roman road existed hereabouts, perhaps 

' No account was, I believe, ever published of this find. Hr. E. C. Patching 
hat flvo of the oeltt, and also the mass of metal the residunm at the bottom of the 
TeHiel frequently found on such occasions. These and two or three more are all 
I have been able to trace of about 40 celts which I have heard were found in the 
urn. The colts 1 have seen are some of them solid and some hollow, and similar 
to thoio figured in Wright's "Celt, Roman and Saxon" (Nos. 1, 2 and 8). Another 
of the oelta ii •omewbat similar to No. 4. They had evidently been cast in moolda. 



OS TnE KART CHESSWOOD ESTATE, WOBTHI.NC. 



217 



leading towards Ciasbury Camp, which seems to have 
been occupied not oulj by the Romans, but by the 
Britons before them, and most Ukely by the Saxons 
after wan3s. 

The present, however, is not the first discovery of 
Roman remains at Wortln'ng. It is recorded that coins 
of Diocletian and ConstaDtioo were found in 1826-8 
when the foundations for Park Crescent were made. 
Park Crescent is somewhat less than a mile in a straight 
line westwards from the East Cbesswood Estate, and 
about the same distance from the sea. Funeral vessels 
are also stated to have been disinterred in making the 
shallow cuttings for the railway a little to the west of 
Ham Bridge. The railway, it will be seen from the plan, 
is immediately north of Messrs. Webster's nurseries, 
which are not far westward of Hara Bridge, and there 
can hardly be a doubt that the railway cut through the 
same line of remains as the pottery described in this 
account was found in. This tends to show the number 
of interments that took place here, and very probably 
further explorations ou the Manor lands norLh of the 
railway would bring more remains to light. 

Several urns and skeletons of Roman date were found 
at Cissbury about 10 or 12 years ago. 

The urns now preserved in a more or less perfect state 
are five in number. Besides these, however, there are 
numerous pieces of riras, feet, and parts of other urns 
which were broken by the workmen in getting them up. 
The pottery was in a very soft state when first found ; the 
subsequent exposure to the air seems to have hardened 
it. All the urns found contained calcined human bones 
in very small pieces, and earth. The earth was the ciay 
soil of the spot, and had doubtless worked gradually into 
the urns during the many centuries they have been 
buried there. Nothing in the shape of a cist or other 
protection was found. The urns appear to have been 
simply interred in theground about 2ft. 6in. or 3ft. below 
the present surface, and the other pottery was found 
some of it close to one or other of the urns, and the rest 
of the pieces by themselves. 

sxxxv. 2 F 



218 AK ACCOUNT OP THE DISCOVERY OF EOMAN BEMAINS 

No. 1. — A funeral um of light grey coloured ware, 
omamented with five indented lines running round the 
circumference, two just under the rim, and the other 
three lower down. This urn was broken into nearly forty 
pieces, but has been put together with "coaguline, 
which has been used for mending all the broken pottery. 
It answered very well with all except the urns which 
could only be held together permanently by glueing the 
inside, and then lining them with thin muslin. 

No. 2. — ^A funeral um similar to No. 1. 

No. 3. — The rim and foot of a funeral urn of a much 
lighter grey colour than Nos. 2 and 4, and of a thicker 
and rougher ware. 

No. 4. — A funeral urn of light grey coloured ware, 
omamented with two indented lines round the circum- 
ference at some distance apart. Height, 6 inches; 
greatest diameter, 7f inches. This urn contained at the 
top some small pieces of black ware a quarter of an inch 
thick, ornamented with intersecting circular lines. 

No. 5. — A funeral urn without any ornamentation; 
height, 6f inches ; greatest diameter, 8^ inches. This 
um was found with the bowl of Samian ware (No. 22) 
inverted over its mouth, and the small bowl No. 17 
was inverted over the foot of No. 22. 

No. 6. — A funeral urn of a dark brown (almost black) 
ware. There are traces of a pattern formed by diagonal 
lines in the broadest part. Height, 8^ inches ; greatest 
diameter, 6^ inches. 

No. 7. — A small portion of the lower part of a vessel, 
probably a funeral urn, and similar in shape to the foot 
of No. 6. It is of red ware, apparently Samian. The 
surface is rough, and similar to Samian ware which has 
lost its glaze. All the urns except No. 6 show the marks 
of the lathe inside. 

No. 8. — The lower part of a vessel of a pale Indian 
yellow coloured ware, glazed red (Indian red) inside and 
black outside; the outside glaze has worn away from 
the prominent ornamental parts. Height, 3^ inches; 
greatest diameter, 3 inches. 

No. 9. — ^A Pocula of similar ware to the last, but 
glazed black inside as well as out. The vessel is not 



-A 



■ 



I 

ii 

i! 






1 



i ■ 



: I 



I? 



i coi( 



ON THE EAST CTIESSWOOD ESTATE, WOBTHINO. 219 

quite perfect, tlie outside glazing ia partly worn away, 
but where perfect it still retains its polish. Height, 5 
inches ; greatest diameter, 2^ inches. 

No. 10. — A small part of a Poeula similar to the last. 

No. 11. — A Poeula somewhat similar in shape to the 
last two, but larger and of a thicker and coarser ware, 
without any polish. The surfaces of the ware are red, 
the middle part of its thickness being slaty grey. It is 
glazed black inside and out. Height, 5^ iacbes; 
greatest diameter, 2f inches. 

No. 12. — A vessel somewhat similar to the last, but 
smaller and thinner, and of a deeper black. It is not 
broken, and the colour of the ware beneath the glaze 
cannot be seen. Both this and the last are very hard. 
Height, 3^ inches ; greatest diameter, 2} inches. 

No. 13. — A vessel of soft Indian yellow coloured ware, 
unglazed. Height, 5| in.; greatest diameter, 4^ in. 

No. 14. — Part of a vesscd of similar ware and colour to 
the last. It baa apparently had n handle. Height, 3^ 
inches; gi'eatest diameter, 'A^ inches. 

No. 15. — The mouth and part of the handle of a vessel 
of similar ware and colour to the last. Height, 2 inches. 

No. 16. — The shoulders and neck of a vessel of grey- 
coloured coarse ware. Height, If in.; length, 2§ in. 

No. 17. — A small bowl of hard yellowish red ware. 

eight, 1} inches ; diameter, 3 inches. 

No. 18 — Is apparently a piece of wedgwood ware that 
has in some way got among the collection. Probably it 
was found near the surface. 

No. 19. — The side of a vessel of hard grey ware, 
glazed black. Height, 2^ inches. 

No. 20. — A bowl or Patera of Samian ware in almost 
perfect preservation, with the potter's mark (seaeeim)' 
stamped in the centre inside. The V is upside down. 
The glaze still shines. Height, 1^ inches. 

No. 21. — A bowl of Samian ware siipilar in size and 
shape to the last, but not in such good preservation. 
The potter's mark is illegible. 

No. 22. — A bowl of Samian ware in very good preser- 



220 THE DISCOVEBT OF BOMAN BEMAINS AT W0BTHIN6. 

yatioQ. There is no potter's mark. Height, 2 inches ; 
diameter, 8 inches. This bowl has the conventional ivy 
leaf pattern round the rim. 

No. 23. — A bowl of Samian ware similar in size and 
shape to the last. 

No. 24. — ^A bowl of Samian ware without ornamenta- 
tion or potter 8 mark. Height, 2^ in. ; diameter, 7f in. 
No. 25. — A bowl of Samian ware similar to but 
smaller than No. 24. Height, 2 in. ; diameter, 7 in. 

No. 26. — A bowl of Samian ware. Height, 2 J inches; 
diameter, 7 inches. 
No. 27. — A bowl of Samian ware similar to No. 26. 
No. 28.— A bowl of Samian ware without ornamenta- 
tion, in a most perfect state of preservation. Height, 
1^ inches ; diameter, 7 inches. 

Besides the foregoing, there were many fragments and 
the following pieces found : — 

A large bowl of Samian ware, the only ornamentation 
of which was a series of wavy lines near the centre, 
from which they radiate. It is lOJ inches broad and 
2^ inches high. The glaze is gone. One of the urns 
was found standing in this bowl. 

A bowl of yellow ware, about 6 inches in diameter 
and 1^ inches high, which has been glazed red in imita- 
tion of Samian ware. It has a small flat handle. 

There are also some fragments of black ware. They 
are parts of pateraa, about the size and shape of our 
ordinary flower-pot saucers. 

All these pieces of pottery are now preserved by Mr. 
Bobt. Piper, at his office, at the Ladydell Nurseries, and 
he will be pleased to show them to any Member of the 
Society. 

The discovery of this pottery adds another instance to 
to the list of Records of the Roman occupation of this 
part of the South Coast. The remains found at 
Chichester, Bignor, Cissbury, and on the Downs behind 
Lancing are well known to Sussex archaeologists. 
Whether there is any record of remains of Roman times 
found on Chanctonbury I know not, but a year or two 
ago I found there fragments of moulded Rnrnan bricks, 
Samian and other ware, and some tess 



msdlPTIONS IN THE CHUECHYAED OF 
WnXINGDON, CO. SUSSEX. 



Tbanscbibed in Mat, 1884, 
By ALFRED BIDLEY BAX, Esq., 

Honorwry Local Secretary for Streatham, Surrey Arohckeologieal Society, 



(COMMENCIKO NOBTH-WEST SiDE OF GhURCHTARD.) 

Railed Tomh^ flat stone. 

In memory of the Reyd Henry James Vicar of this Parish who was 
killed hy a fall from the cliff at Beachy Head May 22nd 1850 Aged 
87 years 

HeadatoneB. 

In Memory of John King who departed this life Noyember the 12 
1740 aged {rest sunk) 

To the Memory of Catherine wife of Michael Golding who died 
Jan'^ 2l8t 1850 Aged 80 years Also of Michael Golding who died 
Jan'y 27 1867 Aged 87 years 

To the Memory of Ada Fanny daughter of Henry and Mary Maria 
Stapley of this Parish who died April 16th 1853 Aged 10 weeks 

Also of Thomas Kirby their eldest son who died August 26th 1854 
Aged 22 years 

He that belieyeth in me though he were dead yet shall he liye. John 
zi 25 

Here lyeth the body of Dayid Bachelor who Died Noyember y* 26 (?) 
1728 (?) hee was about (?) 63 (?) years of age 

In Memory of John Marwick who departed this life Jane 21| 1842 
Aged 77 years 

The sun shall be no more thy light by day neither for brightness shall 
the moon giye light unto thee but the Lord shall be unto thee an eyer- 
lasting light, and thy God thy glory Isaiah 60 chap 19 yerse 

In Memory of William Erredge of this Parish who died December 
y* 6y 1743 Aged 63 years 



222 INBCEIPTIONS IK THE CHtmCHTABD OP WILWNGDON. 

Here Ijeth Interr'd the bod/ of George Erredge wh — departed this 
Life J* 12th of August 1712 Aged 76 years {Much broken at edge.) 

Also near this Place Ijeth interr'd the Bod— of Ann the wife of 
George Erredga wh — departed this life ( — ) of January 17 J4 (?) A^ed 
68 jears (Atuch broken at edge.) 

Here Lieth the Body of Elizabeth Erredge the Wife of Richard 
Erredge who Departed this Life March the — {reit aunk) 

8acred to the memory of Mr. John Pratt Linen Draper of WoIvot- 
hampten Btafibrd shire and Native of Eastbourne The skill of the most 
eminent PbysiciaQS in London and various other places proving of no 
avail he tried change of air as a last resource and departed this life at 
Beaford May 20th 1841 Aged S5 years This stone is erected by his 
Widovr and Bon as a tribnte to his virtues as a Husband and Father 

In Memory of Ann the wife of Bobert Durrant who departed tliis life 
2nd October 1836 Aged 35 years 

How sweet when we can from fntority borrow 
A balm for the grief that afflicts us to day 
Rail. 

Bacred to the memory of Sarah Ticehurst the Wife of William Tice- 
hnrst who Departed this Life May 2nd 1841 Aged 81 years 

This iDscription ia written over another, which makes 
it difficult to decipher. 

Back of Head-rail. 
In Memory of William Ticelinrst who Departed this Life (reif 
obliterated) Aged 70 yesra 

Headstones, 
In Memory of Charles Pendrell who departed this Life April 22nd 
1827 Aged 65 years In life much respected and in death much 



Also near this place lies the Remains of Mary the wife of Charles 
Pendrell who departed this life March 15th 1831 Aged 73 years 

To the Memory of Mary Gammon the wife of Samuel Gammon who 
departed this life April 12tb 1848 Aged 49 years. Also of Samuel 
JB" Gammon (son of the above) who died at Balaklava December 18th 
1854 Aged 30 years 

Id Memory of Bichard Willard who departed this life May 14th 1839 
in the 76tb year of his age — Vixit amatus mortuus ploratnr Also of 
Bnth wife of the above who departed thie life October 4th 1847 Aged 
75 years Also of Frances Buth Ftinnell daughter of the above who 
departed this life September 16th 1844 in the 29lh year of her age 
Also of Jane and Ann Willard their Granddaughters who died in their 
infancy 

Here Uelh the Body of Eilward l-'oor'' who died j'^ llth of June 1730 
Aged 22 years [IntcripHon in panelled Jru ' 



INSCRIPTIONS IN THE OHUBCHYABD OF WILLINODON. 223 

Here is interred the Body of John Fry who departed this Life y* II 
of Jane 1722 Aged 40 years 

Flaty Railed Tomb. 

Sacred to the Memory of Maria Cooper who died Noyember 20th 
1842 Aged 20 years 

Also of Oeorge Patland Cooper who was drowned on his passage 
home from China February 2nd 1842 Aged 25 years 

Ueadatonea. 

In Memory of John Machin who departed this life March y« 27th 
1781 Aged 72 years Also Mary his wife who departed this Life 
September y« 18th 1784 Aged 80 years Left issne two daughters, 
Jane and Mary. 

Here Licth the body of Eatherne the Wife of Samuel Washer — who 
was buried July the 7th (?) 1703. 

In Memory of John Elphick, who was suddenly called to leave this 

world June 29th 1857 Aged 62 years. 

There is but a step between me and death 1 Sam xx, 3 

Watch therefore for ye know neither the day nor the hour wherein 

the Son of Man cometh Matt. xxy. 13 

Also Jane wife of the aboye who departed this life May 8th 1864 
Aged 66 years. 

For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made aliye 
1 Corinthians xv. 

Six Headstones {five in a row by the path to South Porch of the Church). 

Sacred to the Memory of Henry Allwork who died March 20th 1823 
Aged 41 years Also of Eliza daughter of Henry and Sophia Allwork 
who died November 22nd 1820 Aged 8 years 

Sacred to the Memory of Charles Allwork who died October 13th 
1831 Aged 83 years Also of Anna Maria daughter of Charles and 
Sarah Allwork who died M^rch 13th, 1882 Aged 1 year 

To the Memory of Mary wife of John Allwork who died September 
17th 1824 Aged 71 years 

In Memory of John Allwork who departed this life June 12th 1831 
Aged 79 years 

In Memory of Lucy wife of John Allwork who died March 22nd 
1788 Aged 59 years 

In Memory of John Allwork Sen' who Departed this Life March 27th 
1811 Aged 87 years. 

BeturniDg to nortb-west side, the nearest tomb is 
that of the Revd. Henry James. 

High Tomb {on the North Side,) 

In Memory of Eichard Chase who departed this life 27th January 
1814 Aged 73 years 



224 rasoBiPTioNS ih the ohvbchtabd of willihodon. 

(On Ike South Side.) 

In Memoir of U&rj the daughter of Richard and Mary Chase who 
departed this life February 20th 1882 Aged 42 jrears 
Headi tones. 

In Memory of Thomae Chaee late of This Pariih (sic) Who departed 
this life 22nd June 1779 Aged 74 jears Also Ann His Wife who 
departed this . . . {rest eunt) 

Here lieth Interr'd the Bodj of Thomas Chase who Departed this 
Life September the 13th 1708 Aged 35 yean 

Also Here Lieth Ann the Wife of Thomas Cbaae who Departed thia 
Life February the 9th 1720 Aged 45 years 

Here lies the body of Elizabeth Chase daagbter of ThcMuas and 
Ann (?) (reet rani). (Fisry much weathered.) 

To the Memory of Edward Rippington who departed this Life 14tb 
December 1809 Aged 61 years Also of Ann hU Wife who departed 
this Life 23rd January 1829 Aged 74 years (/n Jront of fortgoing, 
very greatly obliterated.') 

In Memory of William Rippington He died December 22nd 1785 
Aged 87 (?) years And Jane his wife She died March gth 1773 Aged 
1% (7) years 

In Memory of John Rippington who died 30th June 1822 Aged SO 
years Aleo of Mary his Wife who died 29th March 1817 Aged 24 
years Likewise William their Son who died April 13th 1836 Aged 19 
years 

. In Memory of Elizabeth Ann daagbter of Edw' and Eliz''^ Ripping- 
ton who died 6th January 1836 Aged 33 years Also of Elizabeth 
the Wife of Edward Rippington who died August 10th 1841 Aged 59 
years Also of Edward Rippington who died November 29th 1849 
Aged 67 yean 

North Side.— Rail. 

In Memory of William Woodruff who departed this life , . . Aged 
40 years 

Passengers pray cast an eye, as yon are now bo once was I As I am 
now so must you be, Therefore prepare to follow me 
Headstonee. 

Sacred To the Memory of Thomas Stokes who departed this Life Jnne 
24th 1832 Aged 34 years 

In Memory of Judith Roffin . . . 

In Memory of Mary Bodle Pankhurst the wife of Richard Pankhurst 
of Wartlirg in Sussex who departed this Life 27th day of June 1793 
Aged 59 years Also near this place lies the Remains of John the son 
of Richard and Mary Bodle Pankhurst who died 13lh November 1777 
Ageii 9n weeks (^Urn above.) 

Sacred To the Memory of Rich&r^|ukhnrst who die^Jfl^^pril 
""' Aged 84 jeara 




INSCRIPTIONS IN THE CHUECHYABD OP WILLINGDON. 225 

To the Memory of Abraham Kennctt who departed this life June 10th 
1822 Aged 74 years (Four lines of poetry.) 

In Memory of Thomas Terry Wheelwright who departed this life 15th 
of December 1858 Aged 79 years Also Elizabeth his wife who de- 
parted this life 4th of June 1858 Aged 75 years 

And when they had nothing to pay, he frankly forgave them both. 
Luke yii. 42 

Flat Stone. 

To the Memory of Mr John Smith late of . . • who died . . . Not. 
1799 Aged 79 (?) years 

Headstones. 

Sacred To the Memory of Joseph Seymour who departed this life 
September 19th 1845 Aged 69 years Also of Phoeby Seymour who 
departed this life August 9th 1853 Aged 78 years 

In Memory of Ann Dempster who departed this Life September 18th 
1828 Aged 14 Weeks 

Flat Stones. 

Here lies Interred the Body of John . . . who Departed this life 
August ... in the . . . year 

In Memory of Mary late wife of John Denman who departed this life 
December the 10 {lines obliterated) Also ... of John and Mary Denman 

Headstone. 

In Memory of Henry Denman who died January 12th 1827 Aged 
64 years Also of Elizabeth Denman who died March 28th 1840 Aged 
62 years Also of Ann Denman who died August 12th 1844 Aged 67 
years Also of Edward Denman who died April 20th 1860 Aged 81 years 

Flat Stone. 

Sacred to the Memory of . . . Denman wife (?) of William Denman 
. . . Also of H . . . Denman ybungest daughter of the abo?e 
William and Ann Denman who died November 26th 1811 Aged . . • 
years 

Headstones. 

Here lyeth the Body of Mr William Stretton who departed this life 
. . . 1711 Aged 6 J years 

Also Elizabeth Stretton (sic) his wife who departed this life May 
y« 11 1750 (?) Aged 51 years Also Samuel (?) Stretton Junior who died 
y* 26th of June 1750 Aged . . . years Also Samuel Stretton Senior 
who died 9 of July 1770 Aged 6 J years Also Sarah the wife of Samuel 
Stretton Senior who died 23 of December . . . 

Here Also lieth y® Body of Jenney wife of Charles Stretton who died 
February 22nd 1765 Aged 57 years {CheruVshead and trumpet above, 
near to Manse.) 

In Memory of Mr William Smith late of this Parish who departed 
this life October 18th 178 . . . Aged 27 years (two lines follow in- 
decipherable). {Cherub's head above.) 

XXXIY. 2 G 



226 INSCRIPTIONS IN THE CHUECHYAED OF WILLINGDON. 

In Memory of Edward Smith late of this Parish who • . • 

Near this Place lieth the Body of Mrs Elizabeth Smith the wife of 
Edward Smith late of this Parish she died April the 6th 1797 (?) Aged 
• • , years 

In In 

Memory of Memory of 

Jonathan Son Sarah 

of John . . . Sar ... ... 

Smith who died . . . 

To the Memory of Sarah the wife of John Smith of this Parish who 
departed this life the 26th of November 17-7 Aged -8 years 
Glory be to God on high 

In Memory of Elizabeth wife of Edward Bodle who died June . . . 
1799 ? Aged 80 years 

In Memory of Richard Page of this Parish who died 8th October 1857 
in the 70th year of his age 

Three Headstones /^railed in). 

In Memory of John Noakes late of this Parish who died the 24th 
August 1823 Aged 51 years leaving a family of 4 Sons and 5 
Daughters 

Also of Ann Noakes widow of the above John Noakes who died 6th 
August 1852 Aged 77 years 

In Memory of Matilda the daughter of John and Ann Noakes who 
died 2nd April 1824 Aged 22 years Also of Eliza daughter of John 
and Ann Noakes who died 8th March 1838 Aged 29 years Also of 
William Henry Son of John and Ann Noakes who died 23rd June 1824 
on his homeward passage from the West Indies Aged 16 years 

Headstone, 

In Memory of Mary wife of Robert. B. Rice who died 23rd November 
1850 Aged 52 years Also of the aforesaid Robert. B. Rice who died 
23rd October 1851 Aged 54 years His remains are deposited in Mares- 
field Church Yard 

In Memory of Mr Harry Adams who departed this life August 27 
1789 in the 33 (?) Year of his Age (four lines, apparently poetry, 
obliterated) 

This is a flat stone close to East wall of North aisle 
(outside). 

Stone affixed to East wall of Church (outside). 

Late of . . . Owen Evans . . . Son of 0. Evans, Curate of this 
Parish ... 

(South side of Altar Tomb), 

Sacred to the Memory of Emily the beloved child of William and 
Sarah Adams born September 2nd 1846 Died Sept. 12th 1852 
after a few hours suffering 

He shall gather the lambs with his arm, and carry them in his 
bosom. Isaiah xl. 11. 



INSCEIPTIONS 1?J THE COUECHTABD OF WILLISGDOK. 227 



IS wlio died Till 
e uo coutinu- 



Also of 8aruh Ann tljoir oldest dtiiigiitcr w>io Tffts born October 26tli 
1835 and died Aftircb 9th 185& After n long and painrul illnees sas- 
tainrd villi CliriBtiaii furtitndo She ws« dearly- beloved b;ail nbo kuew 
her for her kind and benevolent dispoaition 
The damsel is not dead but slcepeth. Mark v. SO 

( West Sidt}. 

Saored to the Memory of William Adams of this PnriBh irho died 

21»t AngQHt 1869 in the 4gth year of hie age Grefttlj respected for 

the iulegrity of his eharactcr and deeply regretted bj nil who knew him 

eB|)cciully the poor to whom he waa always a friend 

Lay up for yourselves treasures in hcaren. Matt. vi. 20 

(North SidtJ. 
Sacred to the Memory of Eliza Adams who departed this life Sep- 
tember 5th 1868 in lie 25lh year of her Age Deeply regretted by her 
bereaved family she was dearly beloved by all wbo knew her 

The Lord gave, and the Lord hath taken away, Bleased he the name 
of theLonl. Job. i. 21. 

Also of Louisa Adams who departed this life Jnly SOlh 1872 aged 
23 years He is my rock and titers is no unrighteoaaness in him. 
Pa. 92. 15. 

(Eaul Siile). 
Sacred to the Memory of Sarah wife of William Adnt 
January 1873 in the 71st year of her nge Here we ha 
ing city But we seek one to come. — Heb. xiii. 14 
IhaifeloJUi. 
In Memory of 
The Rev'' Henry Moore M.A. Into Vicar of this Pariah who departed this 
life on the '2lBt day of June 1843 Aged 66 years. This Stone is erected 
by his parishioners as a testimony of esteem and respect. 
In Memory of David Morre . . . 

departed this , . . (much sunk) 
Sacred to the Memory of Arthur Thomas who departed this life April 
7tli 1840 Aged 77 years Also Hannah his wife who departed this life 
October 14tb 1651 Aged 76 years 

Bail. 
In Memory of Charles Viae Son of James a 
of April 1819 and died 17 August 1820 AIs 
Lingbam who Died in Canada June Snl \^hi> 
Stoses o.v the Sodth Sidb < 
J/eadstoiie. 
_Here lies the Body of Mrs. Ann Cotlon Widow who departed this life 
at Ration in this I'nrish on the 13th of September 1834 in the Slat 
year of her Age In Urutitnde for her inestimable Services during a 
period of nearly 52 years together with her affectionate attachment to 
themselves and tiieir children And as a testimony of their respect for ber 
many excellent quatilies this stone is erected to her Memory by Inigo 
~1 Frances Ann Thomas 



ind Mary Vine bom 20th 
o Caroline tlie wife of Jo. 
Aged 41 years. 

' CnURCHVARD. 



228 INSCRIPTIONS IN THE CHUBCHYABD OP WILLINGDON. 

Double Headstone. 
In Memory of 



Henry Duty who 
died Nov'. 1762 
Aged 7 1 years 



Also of MaTy Ins wife 
died 7 Jan^. 1764 
AGED (sic) 74 years 

Rails. 

In Memory of Fanny Daughter of John and Mary Ticehnrst who 
departed this life April 4th 1835 Aged 5 years and 4 Months 

In Memory of Mary Daughter of John and Mary Ticehurst who de- 
parted this life April 2nd 1835 Aged 2 years and 11 months (On hack.) 

In Memory of Ann Daughter of John and Mary Ticehurst who de- 
parted this life February 21st 1843 Aged 3 years and 11 months (There 
have been two lines of poetry at back, but obliterated). 

In Memory of Henry Mewett who died July 10th 1845 Aged 28 
years. 

All you that pass here along, Think how sudden I was gone. 
Think Header, Think 1 how soon you must Return again to mortal 
dust. 

In Memory of Mary wife of John Mewett who departed this life April 
22nd 1825 Aged 59 years 

In Memory of John Mewett who departed this life January 13th 1840 
Aged 81 years (On back.) 

Headetonea. 

In Memory of Kuth the Wife of Benjamin Blackman of this Parish 
who Died May the 11th 1759 Aged 55 years 

In Memory of Emma the wife of Bobart English who departed this 
Life the 13th of January 1757 Aged 59 years 

In Memory of Robert English He died Jan. 29th 1784 Aged 88 
years 

And of Barbara Serjant, Sister of Robt. English, before said died 
April 7th 1770 Aged 86 years. [Hour-glass above,) 

In Memory of Ruth English who died May 22nd 1820 Aged 69 years. 

To the Memory of John (?) Son of William and Ann English who 
departed this Life 8 (?) of May 1818 (?) Aged 18 (?) years 

In Memory of William English who departed this life , . . day 
of . . . 1817 Aged . . . Years 

In Memory of Ann Wife of William English who departed this life 
March 27 1807 Aged 76 years 

Rail. 

To the Memory of William Kenyon late of this Parish who departed 
this Life April 29th 1833 Aged 82 years Also Elizabeth Wife of 
the above who departed this Life September 18th 1836 Aged 82 
yeai*8 



INSCRIPTIONS IN THE CHUBCHYARD OP WILLINGDON. 229 

To the Memory of Elizabeth Wife of Thomas Clapp of London and 
Daughter of William and Elizabeth Kenyon vfho departed this Life 
January 4th 1828 Aged 38 years Also the above Thomas Clapp who 
died December 2nd 1839 Aged 59 years 

We Mourn to part, bat hope to meet again. 

Flat Coped Stone. 

Sacred to the Memory of Sophia widow of Edmund Thomas Harrison 
Esq" who died March 20 1846 Aged 46 

Blessed are the merciful for they shall obtain mercy. 

Headstone (small Cherub's head). 
In Memory of Martha Daughter of Elizabeth and John Sur . . . 

Tomb octagonal in shape, cross above, railed-in panel inside. 

He will swallow up death in victory, and the Lord God will wipe away 
tears from off alV faces Isaiah xxv. 8 

To the loved and honoured Memory of Freeman Thomas of Eatton 
Esquire who died March 8th 1859 in his 51st year 
. The fruit of the Spirit is Loye, joy peace, long suffering, gentleness, 
goodness, faith, meekness, temperance Gal. y. 22, 23 

Thou wilt keep him in perfect peace, whose mind is stayed on thee : 
because he trusteth in thee Isaiah xxvi. 3 

Inscribed to the Memory of Florence Emily the deeply lamented child 
of Freeman and Amelia Thomas of Eatton bom Christmas Day 1839 
died August 2nd 1855 (In next Panel,) 

Endeared to all around By her sweet and loving character She was 
herself so sustained in the hour of death by the strength of Love and 
Filial Trust That she was enabled at last to say I am not afraid to go 

Perfect Love casteth out Fear John iv. 8 

Of Such is the Kingdom of Heaven 

In Memory of George Freeman Eldest Son of Freeman and Amelia 
Thomas of Eatton Died November 19th 1856 In his 20th year 

His amiable disposition and Sterling Character made him the Pride 
and Joy of His Parents and Family and caused his early death to be 
deeply lamented by them and greatly regretted by all who knew him 

" Whom the Lord loveth He Chasteneth and Scourgeth Every Son 
Whom He Eeceiveth Hebrews xii. 6 

Three Large Coped A Itar Tombs. 

1, Sacred to the Memory of Barbara Eogers WiUard Daughter of 
James Dippery Willard and Ann his wife who departed this life 12th 
May 1832 Aged 23 years 

Also of their Sons Walter and George who died in their infancy 

2. Sacred to the Memory of James Dippery Willard who died June 
7th 1845 Aged 77 years 

Sacred to the Memory of Ann the Wife of James Dippery Willard 
who died January 8th 1864 Aged 85 years 



230 INSCHIPTI0N8 IK TBE CHUBCnTABD OP WILLIKGDOK. 

There is a large flat stone south side of Cburchjard 
close to porch hopelesalj worn. 
Next is a Headstone. 

Hera ... of Marj Ut« Wife of Qeorge Oeer . . . October 17!S 
... died .. . 1830 

Headatone, 

In Memory of George Geer who departed this life IToreinber 10 18M 
Aged 7& jevn (six lines of poetry). 

North Side of Churchyard.— Rail. 
To the Memory of Elizabeth Menett BeloTed Wife of John Mewrtt 
who departed this Life March 13th 1875 Aged 93 years 

Sacred to the Memory of Joha Mewett who died Janaarj 81, 184S 
Aged 65 years 

God caDii me home I must attend 
Death takes me from my bosom friend 
My children all I pray agree, 
And Hto in Love and Unity. 
Headstone. 
In Memory of Thomas Manser who departed this life September 
T*80th 1750 Aged 5(J years Also Lucy the wife of y* above said 
Tlio' Manser wUo departed this Life May the I4th 1734 Aged 34 yean 
Rail. 
In Memory of Thomas Manser who departed this Life Oct' 11th 1802 
Aged 78 years 

Meadslonu. 
To the Memory of Thomas Stokes who departed this Life June 24tfa 
1832 Aged 34 years 

In Memory of George son of Joseph and Ann 8hoosmith who died 
March 1st ltj37 Aged 8 mnntbg Al^o of Babina their Daughter wbo 
died Marcli 5th 1840 Aged 8 years und six months 

Sacred To the Memory of William Henry Goddard who departed this 
Life August 7tb 1867 Aged 82 years 

Blessed are tho dead which die in the Lord 

Also of Charlotte Augusta Relict of the above who departed this Life 
January 14th 1870 Aged 41 years 

The Lord is my Shepherd, I shall not want 

Sacred To the Memory of William Fowler who died May 24th 1866 
Aged 49 years Here we hare no continuing city But we seek one to 

June eth 1870 

kliciscd cnpitals) 

Aged 21 years 




INSCRIPTIONS IN THE CHURCHYARD OF WILLINGDON. 231 

In Memory of Benjamin Brook who died May 28rd, 1875 Aged 78 
years 

Sacred To the Memory of Charles, Son of Charles and Ellen Glimpson 
who died Oct. 25th 1863 Aged 7 years and 9 Months He shall gather 
the Lambs with His arm and carry them in His Bosom Isaiah xl. 11 

Sacred To the Memory of William Gosden who died at Willingdon 
May 29th 1867 Aged 83 years Also of Phoebe the beloyed wife of the 
above who died Febmary 1st 1866 Aged 83 years 

Thy will be done Lord 

Sacred To the Memory of Robert Gosden youngest son of William and 
Phoebe Gosden who died at Hastings of consumption April 29ih 1868 
Aged 49 years 

My hope is in thee Lord 

Also of Ann Maria the Beloved wife of the above who died at Fressing- 
field Suffolk August 27th 1871 and is interred there Aged 53 years 
The Memory of the Just is blessed 

In affectionate Remembrance of Phoebe Eliza eldest daughter of Charles 
and Ellen Glimpson who died at Brixton January 12th 1869 Aged 23 
years *^ Lord look upon mine affection and my pain and forgive all my 
sins." 

Sacred To the Memory of Obadiah Glimpson who died February 23rd 
1871 Aged 79 years Also of Elizabeth wife of the above who died 
September 15th 1874 Aged 77 years '* Thy will be done " 

In Loving Memory of James Thomas Chapman who departed this life 
July 27th 1880 Aged 45 years 

" I need thee, oh, I need thee, Every hour I need thee 
Oh, bless me now my Saviour, I come to thee.'* 

In Memory of Benjamin Brook who died May 23rd 1875 Aged 78 
years. 

In Memory of Thomas Thorpe died March 10th 1861 Aged 47 years 
Also His Sons, Charles Vernon Thorpe died September 17th 1865 Aged 
26 years Also of John Thorpe died September 4th 1889 Aged 4 years 
" Thy will be done " 

In Memory of Phillis Thomas wife of Henry Thomas who died at Uck- 
field January 22nd 1879 Aged 70 years 

In affectionate Remembrance of Elizabeth wife of Edmund Catt who 
died 25th May 1873 Aged 51 years Also of Jane their daughter who 
died 25th October 1856 Aged 4 days Also of John their Son who died 
7th April 1865 Aged 2 years. 

Altar Tomb {top). 

Sacred to the Memory of John Denman who died October Ist 1824 
aged 59 years Also of Ann Denman Relict of the above who died March 
20th 1855 Aged 79 years Also of Fanny Dempster Granddaughter of 
the above who died July 2 Ist 1866 Aged 80 years Also of William 



232 IHSCBIFTIONS IN TBE CHCJBCHTABD OF WILUKODOIT. 

Bocond Son of John and Ann Dcnman of this Parisli who died April 5th 
ISOO Aged 6 Months Also of Charlotte aecond daughter of the abora 
John and Ann Denman vho died January 25lh 1810 Aged S jeais and 
3 Months 

Altar Tomb. 
Sacred to the Memoij of Arnold Denman who died April 8th 1863 
Aged 65 years 

{South Side). 
Arnold William Son of Arnold and Francis Denmu died at Danedin 
New Zealand AtigDSt 12th 1875 Aged 44 years 

So^ith Side (lop of Altar Tomh). 
Sacred to the Memory of Mary Ann Pitt Lay late of Tottenham Id 
the comity of Middlesex who died 2nd of Jannary 1832 Aged 25 years 
Headstones. 
Sacred To the Memory of James Thomas who died at UckGeld 15th 
July 1870 Aged 87 Also of Ann his wife who died at Wonnock 8th 
Jane 1866 Aged 78 years 

In affectionate Rcmeuibranco of John Tears who died September 25th 
1872 Aged 62 years Also of Sarah Ann wife of the above who died on 
the 16th of October 1872 Aged 62 years 

James Vine late of this Parish who died December 20th 1859 in the 
70th year of his Age. Also of Mary the wife of the above James Vine 
who died November 30th 1864 in her 7Bth year 

Sacred to the Memory of Charles Garniss who died February 19th 
1872 Aged 61 years " Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord " 
Rev. 14, 13. 
Also of Charles Garniss Died Angust 6th 1846 Aged 8 Months 
Also of James Vine Garniss Died in Canada Jaly 10th 1849 Aged 1 
year and 9 Months 

Sacred To the Memory of John Colman of Eastbourne who died Jane 
19th 1862 Aged 75 years Also Charlotte his wife who died April 15th 
1862 Aged 72 years Rcijuie^cant in pace. 

Sacred to the Memory of Robert Ade who departed this life April 17th 
1829 Aged 81 years Sacred to the Memory of Ann the wife of Robert 
Ade who departed this life March 24th 1829 Aged 80 years. 
Tablet. 
In Mournful Remembrance of Caroline the beloved wife of Joseph 
Collins Hayward of this Parish who ceased to sojourn on Earth June 24, 
1867 Aged 28 years " Many are the afflictions of the Righteous ; but 
the Lord delivcreth them out of tbem all," Psalm xxxiv. 19. 
Railed Tovtb. 
In affcctiouate remembrance of Barbara the beloved wife of Daniel 
Stevens who dejiarleJ tliis life June Dth ISSl agi?d Ti years 
Now the pains uf death are past . 
Labour ' ' '"^ 
And ]iU 
Her soul it 



tNSCRIPTIONS IN THE CHOROHVAED OF WIt.UNGDON. 233 

Alflo of Dnniol Stevens Hasband of the above who deported this life. 
December 18th 1882 Aged 77 years "Blessed ftre the dead vrhtoh die 
in the Lord." 

UeadetonfS. 
In memory of Rath wifa of Edward Piilland who died May 3Ut 1878 
Aged G4 ^ears 

" Jcaug said unto her, Z am the Re&arrection a,nd the Life." John xi. S5 
In Memory of a dearly beloved Child Louisa Tilling liom Marcli 3rd 
1867 died February 22nd 1869. 

" This lovely bnd, so young, so fair. Called hence by early doom 
Just came to show how sweet o flower In Paradise would bloom. 
" Buffer little children to cotQo unto me, and forbid them not, for of 
finch is the kingdom of heaven." 

In Memory of Rebecca Daughter of Welter and Anne Putland who 
died December 15th 1864 Aged 19 years Also of Mary Ann Patland 
who died January 27lh 1840 Aged 6 years 

Ako of Saroli Putland who died March 29th 1843 Aged 6 years 
Also of Elizabeth Putland who died September 20th l&l. ^ged2years 
Also of Henry Putland who died March 31st 1844 Aged « months. 
Bncred to the Memory of lliomas Glassock who departed this life 
December 2»th 1866 Aged 74 years (At the foot, cross with R.P., 1878.) 
Sacred to the Meniory of Charles Putland who died 29 November 
1874 Aged 87 years 

R<tiUd Tombs. 

Blessed are the dead whicli die in the Lord. 

In affectionate Remembrance of Elizabeth the beloved wife of Mattliias 

Mockottof Willingdun, who departed this life December 4th J 868 Aged 

^3 years Also of Caroline the beloved wife of Isaac Baker and oldest 

daughter of the above who died May 28Lh, 1876 Aged 36. 

" And they shall see His face, and Hia name Shall be in their foretioad. 
Rev. 2'i, 4. 

" The true iTeifus liveth," On reverse aide, I.H.S., '' I know that niy 
Redeemer liveth." 

In afTectionate Remembrance of William Watson Born at East Tytherly 
Hampshire 24th March 1799 died 23rd of June 1873. 

"I remember thy judgments of old U Lord, and have comforted 
myself." Fsaim cxix. 52. 

tleaditone. 
In Loving memory of Nathaniel Mollobone who deported this life No- 
vember 28th 187S Aged 64 years. " Blessed are the dead which die 
in the Lord for they rest from their labours." 

Jane Elphicfc Died May 6th 1864 Aged 66 years. 
" Nothing iu my hand I bring. Simply to thy cross I cling," 
Small Cross. 
s Madeline (no gurnnme). 

" Hig banner over mo was love." 

{At foot.) 

P+M+H. Born 18 February 1863. Died 16 June 1863 



2S4 ISSCUmOSS is TBB CHTKCBTUtD or WILLINQDOH. 

BaiM TomA. 
LH.S^ I kna* tbu m? Redeoner Uretfa 
Banvd to Ae il«v mraion- of Mvt Tat«s onlj aad belored dftogliter 
of John sad Amdis Xkho'.U who dr^ed this life October 12th 1871 
Agcd267ws, *- 1 will fnr no eiQ, for thoa art with me." PsAlm xxiU. 4. 
Bailed Tomi odjcimtM^. 
LH.S.. -* Christ is all and in all." 
Bacred to the Hmtofj of G«or^ Uiraodo Cave NicboDs eldest and 
dearly beloTcd Son at John and Amelia NichoUs of WilUngdon who died 
^wil 19th 18fi7. In the 24th jear of his Age "ThoD hast redeemed 
DM O Lord of trnlh." Psalm iixi. 5. 

{Ombad.) 
LH.S. " Thy win be done," 
Sacred to the belored Memoir of John, third Son of John and *t^^g^i^l ^ 
Nicholls who departed this life SoT^mber 18th 1868 Aged 17 years. 
" Them which sleep in Jesus will God bring with Him." 

Cop&I Altar Tomb (tm top). 
Sacred to the Mumorj of Thomas Xoakes of Jerington who departed 
thklife May 7th 1849. Aged 46 years Also of Lonisa Wife of the 
aboTe who departed this life January 6th 1871 Aged 65 years. " lu 
Bnre and certain hope," 

{Xortk Side.) 
Also Denman Son of Thomas and Lonisa Noakes who departed this 
life October 9th 1840 Aged 5 years. 

(Aor(A Sid^ of Xoakee' Tontb.) 
To the Memory of Frances Nonkes, wife of Thomas Noakes of Jeving- 
ton Gent, and eldest dao^ter of Richard King late of this Parish £sq™ 
who departed this liie 13th October 1822 Aged 46 years. 
(South Side of Noata' Tomb.) 
To the Memory of Thomas Nookes, Yeoman (of this Parish) and for- 
merly of Wannock who departed this life April 8th 1829 Aged 54 years. 
Headttona. 
In Memory of Daiid Tobilt who died December 26th 1883 Aged 60 
Years. 

In Affectionate Remembrance of Thomas Martin who died Jnly 8th 
1877 Aged 18 years. 

" 1 shall go to him, bnt be shall not return to me " 
Also of John Martin who died October Slst 1860 Aged one month 
" For of such is the kiDgiloin of hc;iven'' 

In Affettionnte liea^Wice of Milly The Only and beloved child of 

Philip and Mary AnuJ|^^B|ho lii'.'l JH<u|^|Ulb 1879 Aged 2 jears 

and 7 months ^^^^^^^ 

"Thi 



mSOEIPTIONS IN THE OHUECHYABD OF WILLINGDON. 235 

In Affectionate Remembrance of Kate Ellen Measey who died January 
the 28rd 1879 Aged 28 years 

" Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord " 

Also of James Measey Husband of the above who died September 
19ih 1882 Aged 49 years " I know that my Redeemer liveth " 

Also of Emily Beloved wife of William Measey who died November 
8rd 1881 Aged 89 years " Thy will be done " 

In Affectionate Remembrance of William Denman "who departed this 
life September 2nd 1880 Aged 69 *' It is better to trust in the Lord 
Than to put confidence in Man '* 

Sacred to the Memory of Elizabeth Pax ton Bom June 28th 1846 
Died July 18th 1881 Thy will be done 

Sacred To the Memory of John Tuppen who died February 28th 1869 
Aged 28 years 

Also Arthur (}eorge who died December 22nd 1869 Aged 9 years 
Also Ruth who died January 2nd 1870 Aged 18 years 
Also Frederick who died January 19th 1871 aged 12 years 
" For ever with the Lord Amen. So let it be " 

Marble Cross, 

Harriet de Sausmarez Lowe died January 24th 1878. Aged 49 years. 
" Set your affection on things above ** Col. iii. 2 

Low Coped Tomb {North Side), 

Here resteth in hope The Rev. John Lowe for fifty eight years Rector 
of Ardley, Oxfordshire Revered and loved wherever known He fell 
asleep, March 18th 1874 In the eighty fourth year of his age 

{On South Side.) 

" Them which sleep in Jesus will Qod bring with Him." I Ep. ; 
Thes. iv. 14 

Flat Tomb. 

In Affectionate Remembrance of Thomas Tonge who died March 27th 
1878 Aged 5 years and 5 Months " Thy will be done " 

LH.8. 
In Affectionate Remembrance of Winifred wife of Richard Willard 
who departed this life December 25th 1862 In the 49th year of her age 

Next Totnbf within same rail. 

I.H.S. In Affectionate Remembrance of Richard Willard who de- 
parted tiiis life July 25th 1868 In the 62nd year of his age 

Headstones, 

In Affectionate Remembrance of Robert HoUibone who died July 17th 
1878 Aged 51 years 
'* With Christ which is far better *' 

Also of Harriett the beloved wife of the above who died June 15th 
1880 Aged 64 years. " Even so come Lord Jesus ** 



236 INS0BIPTION8 IN THB CHtTBOHTAIU} OF WILLINODON. 

{SurmomiUd hy CrosB.) 

Sacred to the Memor; of Johannah the dearlj beloTcd wife of Edmand 
Bimonds who died on the annirereai; of her wedding da; June 3rd 1860. 
Aged 49 

Also of Edmund Simonds vho died Aagast 6th 1880 Aged 58. 

HeadttoTUt. 

In Memor; of John Ticehnrst who died Jnlj 14th, 1874 Aged 76 
years " Eren to hoar htura will 1 carrj yon" Isa. 46-4. 

In Uemory of Edward Mewelt who died November 30th 1874 Aged 
SOyears Also of Harriett wife of the abore who died April 12(h 1874 
Aged 74 years. " Be ye also ready for in snch an hoar As ye think not 
the Bon of Man cometh." 



A BRITISH SETTLEMENT BE^EEN LINBFTELD 
AM) HOKSTED KEYNES. 

By H. F. NAPPEE, Ebq. 



Speed's Map of Susses (164G) may be found the 
^ords "The Regrni" occurring in the space betweeu 
" Horstcd Cayns," " Lynfeld darches," " Sheffeild," and 
" BorBlye." This to me has the appearance of the site 
of a British settlement of some kind which existed here, 
and of which in Speed's time there were sufficient re- 
mains or marks to draw his attention to the spot. 

So far as I can judge by the Ordnance Map, the 
locality of Paxhill would be about this spot; but there 
is on this map a remarkable bareness of place-names at 
this spot, as guides, which can hardly exist in fact. 

Will any member of our Society near, take the trouble 
to explore the locality for some space round, to ascertain 
whether from earthworks, or any remains found, such as 
coins, pottery, hearsay or otherwise, anything can be 
collected to throw any light on this matter ? Lindfleld 
is a remarkably old place, and may possibly be the 
successor of a still older place. 

I may add that there are strong symptoms, taking 
the place-names to bo found on the map, of ancient 
Vias crossing each other just about the locality in 
question. Taking from Hardham, on the Sussex Stane 
Street, there may be traced a very direct line running 
by Knepp Castle, Stonehouse, Cowfold, Collard Street, 
Brook Street, between Ardingly and Horsted Keynea, 
Wych Cross, Paternoster Row, Witbyham, Stoneland, 
Groom Bndge, Straw Bury Hill, Pembury Green, Five 
Wents (whatever they may be), Colier Street, Chartway 
Street, Leeds Castle, Eyborne Street, Kingsdowa Street, 
to Green Street and Stone on the Watling Street. 

Again a very direct line may be traced by the names 
of Stanmer, Street, Paxhill, Fell Bridge, Plaistow 
Street, Stansted Borough, Godstone, and Croydon to 



238 A BRITISH SETTLEMENT, ETO. 

Streatham, which seems to be a general meeting point 
of all the Vias south of London between Chichester and 
Pevensey, and I am not sure I may not say Romney. 

There are certain words which I have observed gener- 
ally imply British or Roman occupation of, or connec- 
tion with, a locality — such as Ard, Hard, Stone, Stan, 
Stand, Stane, Steyne, Street, Strate, Strat, Way, Row, 
Rough, Honey, Folly, Hyde, Bury, Borough, Burg, 
Berg, Berig, Ick, Ich, Igh, Maiden, Cran, and others. 
Some of these are plain, but to others, such as Honey, 
Folly, Maiden, it is difficult, without a knowledge of 
ancient languages, toafiBxany meaning. But by these and 
similar words, I submit that a great many ancient roads 
may be traced as above. 

The following suggestions may assist an inquirer :— 

The name of the Hundred is "Burleigh Arches" 
(Lower, II., 29). It contains only the parish of Lind- 
field (Horsfield).^ This is peculiar, and shows a populous- 
ness when the name was given to the Hundred. Speed's 
Map has " Lynfeld darches." It is remarkable that these 
names are not found in Domesday. 

The advowson, (fee, is an early Peculiar of Canterbury 
(Lower). " Gkappel Land," " Wallsted," " Townhouse," 
"Kidboro," may be found in the locality. 

The name of the Hundred would, of course, be the 
earliest. Thus we have Burgh, Boro', Bury; Leigh, 
Ley; Arches, Darches, d' Arches ; Bury-leigh d' Arches 
and Lyn-feld d'Arches. But as there was no De in 
Saxon times, when the Hundreds were named (often, no 
doubt, from British names), the d' would rather appear to 
be a Norman adjunct. " Arches," or some other name of 
which this is a corruption, would, therefore, appear to be 
the name of the District attached to Bury, Ley, and Feld. 

"Chappel" speaks for itself; bufWali," "Town," and 
Ked-"Bury" are all suggestive of spots to be explored. 

"Beadle land" is also suggestive of a township 
("S. A. C," XIX., 49); anJ tlie Danes wore in the 
neighbourhood, at Danh'" "" '^" 

I In"S.A.C.,''XXVl.. 
to the Church of Lindflelii, 
appears. This may bo a f n 




Il 



piTIONAL NOTES ON " THE MEASUREMENTS 
OF Pl'OLEMY AND OF THE ANTONINE 
rriNERAEY," BY GORDON M. HILLS, ESQ. 

(" 8, A. C." XXXI., 58 & 78 ; XXSII., 215.) 
Br H. F. NAPPER, Ebq. 



would appear incorrect to treat or consider the 
Bevennas as a series of "Iters" like those of Antoninus. 
It seems more properly to be called, as it is (p. 58), 
'* Catalogues of Names of Places in strings or groups ; " 
for the writer says that " in Britain there were, we read, 
very many cities and caraps, of which he would desig- 
nate some; " and on close esamination they would seem", 
to some extent at least, to be names appearing along the 
lines of certain ancient British or Roman roads or vias, 
but taken in an order according with the sequence of the 
tribes or peoples to which they belonged, 

Tor the purposes of this paper it may be stated 
generally that there appear to have been certaia great 
highways or Via.s, which can be easily traced (some 
originally British) crossing the ishind in various direc- 
tions ; such as the Walling Street from Kent to Anglesey 
(S.E. to N.W.) ; the E-rmin Street (Via Herminis) from 
Susses to the Huraber and York or Whitby (B. to N.); 
the Via Devana from Colchester to Chester 
(B. to N.W.) ; the Ichneld (Iken-eld or Icenes* old) 
Way from Caistor (Norwich) by AckUng Street to 
Dorchester, and onwards to the Totteneys or Tatteneys 
Shore, i.e., the Flet-t harbour and Chesil Bank, Dorset ; 
not to Totnes, Devon, as stated by some old writers 
(E. to S.W.) ; tbo -l/iremtiJj'a (Sick-man's) ITaj/ from the 
Icknield Way at Wendover by Cirencester to Bath 
(E. to W.) ; a Povtwaij from Cromer to Colchester and 
London, and thence to Staines, Duke's Hill, Blackwater, 
Hartley Kow, past Winklebury, and by the Harroway 



242 ADDITIONAL NOTES ON " THE MEASUREMENTS OP 

east of these the "Cantse"; west of them, above the 
Belgffl, the *' Bibroci " ; west of them again, the 
** Attrebates " along the Thames ; and the Segontiaci 
south of them ; across the Thames, opposite the Attre- 
bates, the " Cassii " ; west of them, the " Boduni " ; and 
across the Severn, the " Silures." These seem all we 
need trouble ourselves about. It should be stated, how- 
ever, that " Isca " is shown on the left bank of the Kiver 
Isca, which is placed next east of Helenum Prom. ; 
" Durinum " is placed in the country of the Morini; a 
" Venta " in the place for Wimboro, on the left bank of 
the (evidently) StourR., although it is called AlaunaFlu, 
and made to join the Uxella River, so as to sever com- 
pletely the Cimbri, Danmonii, and Morini from the Hedui 
and BelgEe; "Clausentum" on the left bank of the Anton 
B.; "Sorbiodunum" further north, near the same river, 
"Portus Magnus" at Porehester; another "Venta" 
(evidently) at Winchester, but no river; "Vindonum" 
north of Venta, and in the country of the Segontiaci ; 
" Caleba," again north of it, in the country of the 
Attrebates; "Bibrax," in that of the Bibroci; and 
" Noviomagus " outside and west of the Cantae, and on 
the road from Anderida to London. This probably 
gives a fair description of Richard's idea of the state of 
the South of Britain in Roman times, unless altered by 
Bertram, as I fear is the case with respect to Clau- 
sentum, Venta, Vindonum, and Sorbiodunum, to suit his 
views (and Camden's). But such as it is, since it is apt 
for my purpose as regards the Eavennas, I shall adopt 
and make use of it. 

The writer of " Bavennas " seems to have commenced 
bis catalogue at the Land's End, and mentions names 
which (contrary to all previous schemes) I venture to 
think may be taken for tlic places whoso modern names 
1 liavo utt(fmptcd (and JflHomc iiislao^^^l think, 
successfully) to annex ^^^^^^ tlo b^^^^Hth the 
Daumouii, and seems to t^^^^^H upo^^^^^^nches 
of tbe Portway i 

I may be (as I Ij 
be taken away fn 




PTOI.KMV AND OF THE ANTONINE ITINERABT." 243 

(riven to it ? "Well, I do not know that I am bound, and 
therefore not careful, to answer this question, or find 
another. But I can refer to Camden, who says " the 
river which Ptolemy called Isaca, and Britons Isk, and 
the Saxons Ex, comes close to the City of Exeter, unto 
which it leaves its name," also that " Ptolemy called it 
Iflca, Antoninus Isca Danmoniorura ; the English Saxons 
termed it Exanceaster, and the Britons Caer Isk"; and 
that "William of Malmsbnry said that although the soil 
was weakly and scarce able to bring forth hungry oats, 
and many times empty husks without grain in them, 
yet by reason of the riches of the iubabitants and 
commerce bad become so fresh, th^t a man might ask for 
any necessary and have it." And he (Camden), "so far 
from thinking that Vespacian won it under Claudius, 
thought it was then scarce built" (this would be a.d. 47), 
and that "it came not fully to the Enghsh-Saxon hands 
before the 4G6tli year after their entrance into Britain, 
for at that time Athelstan expelled the Britons quite out 
of the city, who before had inhabited it in equal right 
with the Saxons, and then fortified the city round about 
with a rampire and wall of square stones aud other 
bulwarks." This was a.d. 92C, when the importance of 
Exeter seems to have begun ; and it was not a Bishop's 
See till Edward Confessor's time (1046). la there, 
then, any occasion to fiud auy other name than Caer Isk 
for a place having apparently no existence, or no im- 
portance, and not iu Roman bauds, at the time of 
Hadrian's journey, a.d. 120 P Let Exeter say. 

The writer, then, from Dorchester goes back to the 
Caniabii and Cimbri in North Cornwall aud Devon; aud 
hero there is not much to guide a stranger, but perhaps 
those acquainted with the West of England may be able 
to follow him and allocate names in those counties. 

However, he returns to Dorchester, aud then takes the 
capital of the Durotriges ; and thence, taking the Way 
before mentioned (which is really Iter XV. of Auto- 
ninus), ho proceeds into the couotry of the Belgaa, and 
names a number of places in Uampsliire (with which he 
Boems best ac(juaiuted) till he gets to Bindogladla, where 



244 ADDITIONAL NOTES ON " THE MEASOBBMENTS OP 

he quits Iter XV., and jumps at once to the Rhemi, or, 
at any rate, to the extreme end of the Belgse (who 
included the Regni in Richard's map), and takes Novio- 
magus. Now, I have always had a doubt about Hoi wood 
Hill for this station, and had a prejudice in favour of 
Carshalton (Caer-Aulton, simply Aulton in Domesday) ; 
and in addition to this, Wallington (Aulton, Aul-ing- 
ton), adjoining to it, gives its name to the Hundred; 
and we know that the names of the Hundreds must 
be very ancient, and the places which gave these names 
must have been of ancient importance ; and, moreover, 
in Wallington lie Beddington and Wood-cot, where 
Roman foundations and many other relics have been 
found. All this induces me to think Carshalton, or its 
vicinity, to be the site of Noviomagus. This is not to be 
confounded with "Neomagus," which I shall presently 
show to be Farley Heath, Albury, lying in the direct line 
of the Way from Otterbourne past Woolmer (where I 
place Clausentum), and on to Dorking and into Kent, as 
already mentioned. From Noviomagus and the Rhemi 
the writer turns back westwards, and takes the Belgse, 
Bibroci, and Segontiaci as they come in succession, guided 
apparently in the course he pursues by some Way, now 
perhaps unknown, unless it happens that the Pilgrims* 
Way, as it is now called, was an old Roman or British 
cross-country Way, not lost or forgotten in the 12th 
century, when the new-made Saint of Canterbury caused 
that city to become a great place of resort for pilgrims, 
and brought the Way again into use, and gaye it a new 
name. However, not far from this Way there exists an 
important moated and fortified Roman position called 
Home- (or Thunderfield)-Castle, in the parish of Home, 
Surrey, and not far from Horley Station ; and these 
names of Home and Hor-ley are so much like " Orma" 
that I venture to connect them ; and there are in this 
district several names compounded of this name — Cop- 
thorne, Imberhorne, Ipthorne ; and Kemble speaks of 
Thundersfield as one of the places where the Gemot was 
held. This looks like the capital of a territory. 

Continuing westward on this same Way, the writer 



riOLEMY AND OF THE ANTONINE ITISERAKY. 



245 



comes to Venta Belgarum, wliicli I tiave in my former 
paper (XXXII., 221) placed at CiBsar's Camp, Aldershot 
(in Iter's VII. and XV. of Antoninus), where coins 
have been found. But I have since learnt from General 
Sir J. H. Lefroy, F.S.A., that the coins found by his 
brother in 1828 were neither found at Caesar's Gamp nor 
Roman, but were French and Anglo-Saxon, and found 
some two miles from the Camp, in the pariah of Crondall ; 
that individual coins are occasionally picked up all over 
that region; that some 60 or more years agn a Roman 
villa of some pretension was found in a field lialf-a-mile 
from Crondall Church, but it was ruthlessly destroyed. 
In the south part of the parish of Crondall another 
" Pavement" is marked on the Ordnance Map. All this 
seems to indicate a Roman settlement thereabouts. He 
also states that the parish of Crondall was of great 
extent {in fact, giving its name to the Hundred), and 
that King Edgar, a.d. 976, bestowed on the (now) 
Cathedral of Winchester a grant of land, situate " loco 
celebre qui Cnindelus nolo appellatur vocabulo " (Kemble, 
No. l>xcv). Now, what should have made Crondall a 
locus eeleber a.d. 076 ? I am induced, therefore, to think 
that Crondall, and at Crondall Ewshot (and not Caaaar's 
Camp),ia the site of Venta Belgarum; but the exact spot 
in this wild region has yet to be discovered. Unhappily, 
my days for active exploration are passed, and it is a 
long way from me ; otherwise, I siiould have been upon 
the ground before this. I arrive at the name of Ewshot 
thus : the Romans called it Venta, i.e., Uenta or Wenta; 
the Saxons called it U-shot, or Vsliot (as it is written in 
Speed's map) ; and Venta was a locus celeher. 

Going still westward, we come to another Caesar's 
Camp, near Wickham Bushes, In the country of the 
Bibroci. This lies between two places called Hampstead; 
and Armis-stead and Hamp-atead are not very unlike. 
Nest in the list we have Ardaoneon — Arda-Oneon. Now, 
we have all read of Oneon's Hole and Oneon's pennies 
at Silcheater, in the country of the Segontiaci. Here, 
then, we have the origin of that hitherto inexplicable 
word, and also the Roman name of Silcbester. I need 



246 ADDITIONAL NOTES ON THE " MEASUREMENTS OF 

hardly say here that I have stoutly repudiated the names 
of Calleva and Vindomis, sometimes given to Silchestei 
And it is notable that not far off, at Reading, we fine 
the name of Onion as a surname ; for it is recorded thai 
Hugh Faringdon, the last Abbot of Reading, a man o 
exemplary character, and highly spoken of by the King'i 
Commissioners, and two of his monks, Onion and Rugg 
were hanged and quartered as traitors, seven month 
after the suppression of the Abbey, for refusing h 
acknowledge the religious supremacy of the monstei 
Henry VIII. 

The writer continues still westward, or north-west 
ward, and apparently crosses the Severn to Chepstow ii 
the Silures ; but there he can be followed but imperfectb 
by a stranger. However, even he is not left withou 
some guide names, as may be seen; for taking th 
Ryknield Way and leaving the Silures, we are brough 
back into the Dobuni, and down again by the Fosse Wa; 
to the Attrebates at Calleva, Calleva-pit Farm, two mile 
from Reading. Here the writer, having already gon 
over the ground then in front of him, takes a tur 
southwards, and, following the Portway, names som 
places of the Belgas which he had passed by when h 
jumped from Otterboume to Carshalton, two beini 
places which have hitherto never found any abidiuj 
names ; but as to Clausentum, I have already found 
resting-place for it other than at Bittern ; and it appear 
there is a camp on a hill close to Bittern called Midan 
bury Camp, which is quite suflBcient to give a new nam 
to this place, which I am ready to admit was no doub 
a place of importance, and probably the capital of th 
Tetrici. Mutu-Antonis seems to speak for itself; 
Mutatio, at Roman's Eye, on the Anton river. Froi 
here there is again a jump to the Canta9 and Watlin 
Street, and, taking the two termini, there is a regula 
course to London, whence the course is, through th 
Dobuni and Cornonii, by ways w.hich I cannot follow, t 
Wroxeter on the Watling Street again, and so, perhaps 
onwards to Carnarvon (Caer Seiout or Seguntium), bi 
Mr. Hills does not give any further names. It is nc 
improbable that the writer might be followed all ov€ 



PTOLEMlr ANi) OP *HB ANTOt^INE ITINBRABY. 



»» 



24? 



ic 



EDgland by the same means, of taking the old Yias and 
the British tribes as guides. 

The writer of this list begins it by saying 
Britain there were very many cities and camps, 
we will designate some, that is " :— 

DUMNONIL 



In which 
of which 



Giano (Jiano) 


Market Jew or Marazion 






(Market-jion) 


Cornwall. 


Eltabo 


Helston 


Cornwall. 


Elconio 


Tregony 


Cornwall. 


Nemetotacio (totakio) 


Tavistock 


Cornwall. 


Tamaris 


Tamerton 


Devon. 


Darocoronavis 


Dartmouth 


Devon. 


Pilais 






Venialis 






Ardua 


Liskeard 


Cornwall. 


Reventione 






DeTionisso 






Statio Deventia 






Stene 






Dnriarno 


Totnes (ad. Duriam Amnem) 


Devon. 


Uxelis 


Ilchester (Hedui) 


Somerset. 


Verteoia (Berievia) 


Bere Regis 


Dorset. 


Melarnoa 


Mellbury or Milborne 


Dorset. 


Isca Damnnmornm 


Dorchester 
CIMBRL 


Dorset. 


Tennonin (Termolus) 


Holland 


Devon. 


Mostevia (Artevia) 


Tiverton 
CORNAVII. 


Devon. 


Milednnnm (Misidnnam) 


Stratton 


Cornwall. 


Apannaris 






Masona 


Bossenj 


Cornwall. 


AloDginm 


Launceston 


Cornwall. 


MORINI (DUROTRIQEfl). 




Also next to Isca Dnm- 


^ r 




nnmorum is 






Moridnno 


Wareham 
BELG/K. 


Dorset. 


Alaana Silra 


Ringwood 


Hants. 


Omire 


Ower, Overton 


Hants. 


Tadertis 


Tadley 


Hants. 


Londinis 


Little London 


Hants. 


Ganca 


Candover 


Hants. 


Dolocindo 


Lovington 


Hants. 


Clavinio 


Avington 


Hants. 


Morionio 


Morestead 


Hants. 


Bolnelanio 


Beaolieo, or Backland 


Hants. 


Alauna 


Christchorch 


HanU. 



248 ADDITIONAL NOTES ON THB ^^ MEASUREHBNTS OF 



Coloneasi 


(Perhaps in the New 




Aranns > 
Anicetis J 


Forest, and destroyed) 




Moieso 


Minstead 


Hants. 


Ibernio 


Ibsley 


Hants. 


Bindogladia 


Otterbonme (It. XY.) 
RHEMI. 


Hants. 


Noyiomagns 


Carshalton 


Surrey. 


Orma 


Home Castle 
BELGiB. 


Surrey. 


Yenta Bclgaram 


Crondall (Ewshot) 
BIBROCI. 


Hants. 


Armis 


Caesar's Camp, Hampstead 
8EG0NTIACL 


Berks. 


Arda-Oneon 


Silchester 
BELGiE. 


Hants. 


Ravimago 


Avebury 


Wilts. 


Regentinm 


Heddington ? 




Lencomaga 


Laycock, Lachham 
6ILURE8. 


Wilts. 


Gemetzione 


Chepstow 


Mon. 


Puntuobice 


Pontypool 


Mon. 


Yenta Silnrum 


Caerwent 


Mon. 


Jupania 






Metambala 


Bala 


Merion. 


Albinnnno 






Isca Angasta 


Caerleon 


Mon. 


Bannio 


Brecon 


Brecon. 


Brenna 


Capel Brengorum 
DOBUNI. 


Brecon. 


Alabnm 


Hay 


Hereford. 


Cicutio 


Tewkesbnry 


Gloucester. 


Magnis 


Kentchester 


Hereford. 


Branogeninm 


Worcester 


Worcester. 


Epocessa 
Ypocessa . 


Pershore ' 


Worcester. 






Macatonion 






Glebon Colonia 


Gloucester 


Gloucester. 


Argistillum 






Yertis (ham) 


Evesham ? 


VV orcester. 


Salinis 


Droitwich 


Worcester, 


Corinium Dobanoram 


Cirencester 
ATTREBATE8. 


Gloucester. 


Caleba Atirebainm 


Calve Pit, Reading 
BELGiE. 


Berks. 


Andereaio 


Andover 


Hanto. 



PTOLEMY AND OP THE ANTOMNE ITINERARY. 



Bib. 


Bitterne 


Hants. 


Mntn- An tenia 


Romsey 
CANT^. 


Hunts. 


Lemanis 


Ljmno 


Kent. 


Dubria 


Dover 


Kent. 


Dn rare mo Contiacornm 


Canterbury 


Kent. 


Rntnpis 


liicliborongh 


Kent. 


DnrobrabiB 


Rocbestcr 


Kent. 


Londini 


Lomlon 
DOBUNI. 


Middlesex. 


Tamese - 


Henley-on-Tbames 


0x0(1. 


Brinavis 


Cbipping Warden 


NDrtbsmpto 


Alauna 


Alcester 
CORNONII. 


Warwick. 


Clriconion Coraoninoriim 


Wroxeter 


Salop. 



(The diTJBion into tribes is my own, for tlie purpose of better illostratioo.) 

Going back to Parley Heatb, I may mention that some 
time since, in looking over Speotl's Map of Surrey (1610), 
I noticed the words, " Tbe Regni," in a locality tliat 
showed at a glance that the Roniauo-Britisli settlement at 
Farley Heath was intended. lu hig time the signs of 
settlement were no doubt more patent than now. I had 
previously to this decided in ray own mind (and so in- 
lormed Mr. Martin Tupper) that this autttement was the 
"Neomagus" of Ptolemy; at which I had arrived by 
the comparison of bis longitudes and latitudes of Bath, 
Neomagus, and London, given In his Tables (" S. A. C," 

K^^'SI., 30, 31). 
Long. Lat. 

Aquw Calidie 17-20 53-40. 
Neoiiiagns lU-15 58'26. 
Londiniiim 2*}-0 54*0. 
^a a discussion upon Iter XV., I was referred by a well- 
known antiquary to W'arne's "Ancient Dorset," for the 
sites of Sorbiodunum, Vindocladia, and Durnovaria. On . 
referring to this work I find that he gives for them the 
names undermentioned. But these, it will be seen, will not 
do at all. The distances of these places (from Antoninus) 
are given below ; and the actual distances by the Ordnance 
Map of Wanie's places are also given, and it will be seen 
they do not correspond in any degree, and consequently 
they cannot be admitted as correct allocations. 
XXXI V. 2 K 



ADDinOKAL HOns OK THE " HKASUBBHENTS OF 



Eoriiktdiniina 
VindocUdU, 12 
DnraoTuu, 9 



Wanu. 
Old Sarnm to 
Gnssage, 18 
Dorchester, 25 



Wame gives also a frreat variety of names to other 
places in Dorset, which I cannot conceive to be correct ; 
and manv which be places in Dorset I have above sub- 
mitted to be in Hants; bat as there are no distances 
attached to them, so as to test the correctness, nothing 
can be proved eitb^ way. 

A great point is made by many that SUcbester must he 
Callera Attrebatinm. I therefore submit to all, or any, 
of them the following table of places in the Iters, with 
the distances affixed, as given by Antoninus ; and sup- 
posing Silchester to be CaUeva (as they say), I invite 
them to fill up the blanks in the tables by inserting 
against each name of Antoninus the name of the place 
they consider to represent it, together with (or without) 
the distance in Boman miles on the Ordnance Map be- 
tween the plaoee, so as to test, or be able to test, the 
truth of their allocations by the distances ; and send them 
direct to me. If they cannot do this successfally, they 
must confess themselves wrong. At the same time I 
have placed, in the right-hand column, the places I con- 
tend for, and their distances in Boman miles on the Ord- 
nance Uap, and it will be seen at a g^anoe whether or not 
they agree with Antoninus. 







iTn Tn. 




CUlCTK 




Silchtste. 


ClTepit (Revlmg}. 


TmuBdg, 


ii. 




Cnnd.!!, 22. 


Cl«»a,u>, 


10. 




Woolmer. 10. 


B.p«>. 


». 




Chkhester, 20. 


CJkTV 




SU«l>r. 


CalT«pit. 


PoDtibos, 


8i. 




Suiots, 22. 


Londinio, 


23. 


It.. XIT. 


Loodoi., 22. 


CrnQera. 




Sildi«.ter. 


Clf^pit. 


Spinis, 


15. 




ep«M, 15. 




15. 




Mtld«Dhdl, 15. 


TerlacioDe, 


15. 




11..:, J, 1.^. 


An. Soli., 


15. 




I>adJi^ 15. 


Injwnis, 


& 


^^^^^^ 


B^^^ E. 


Abo.., 


«. 


^^^^^^ 


bJ^^ 9. 



PTOl.KMV AND OF THE ANTOKTNE ITISEHABV. 



TRU Siiurnm, 


9. 


Cncr Went, 9 


Tsca Silurum, 


9. 

Iter XIII. 


Caer Leon, 9 


Calleva. 


Silcfaester. 


CaWepit. 


Spinis, 


15. 


Spene, 15 


{LoBt Stn.), 


15. 


I"), 15 


Durocornorio, 


22. 


North Cerney, 22 


Glovo. 


14. 


Gloucester, 14 


(o) Nortli Furm between Rftjdou and Wnnboro 


ffhere Boman remaioB 


hftvc been found. 


Iter XV. 




Csilevft. 


Silchester. 


Calrepit. 


Vindomi, 


15. 


St. Leonards hill, 15 


Venta Bclg, 


21. 


Usliot, 21. 


Brige, 


11. 


Alton, 11. 


Sorbioduno, 


8. 


Alreeford. 8 


■Vindoolaiiia, 


12. 


Otterboiirne, 12. 


Dnrnovaria, 


9. 


Nulsballing. 9. 


Moriiluno, 


36. 


Warcbnm, 36. 


Isca Damnomorutr 


, 15. 


Dorchester, 15. 



Although I protest against altering Antonine's figures 
merely to suit theories, I can see no objection to supply 
a seeming omission, when such appears necessary to 
explain or make good a total diatanco as stated by him, 
which is evidently necessary in Iter XIII. j between Duro- 
cornovium and Spinae, and even to alter a total some- 
what, if necessary to make it agree with a supplied 
omission. Accordingly I think I can explaio a difficulty 
and discrepancy in Iter XIV. between the total and the 
sura of the separate distances. 

Reynolds' " Antoninus " came into my hands about 
the same time as " Richard of Cirencester ;" and, after a 
careful study of his commentary upon this Iter I agree 
with him tliat Verlucio is at Spy Park, Wilts. The dis- 
tance from Bath is satisfactory with Antonine's figures; 
and what is more, there is a name in connection with that 
locality which ia still more satisfactory and in accordance 
with the name of Verlucio; for I find on the map the 
name, outside the Park on the west, of " Bewley " 
Common (to say nothing of " Bowden " Hill and " Bo- 
wood" Park), and the Roman road runs through Spy 
Park. It seems to me that changing, as we see and 
know was constantly done, the V into B, there is not 
much difference between Berlucio and Bewley. Perhaps 



252 ADDITIONAL NOTES ON THE " MEASUREMENTS OP 

those on the spot can improve upon this hint. But then 
this leaves not suflScient distance between Bewley and 
Mildenhall for that between Verlucio and Cunetio ; for 
the latter cannot be placed further from Bewley than 
Mildenhall ; otherwise there will not be sufficient distance 
to suit Antonine's figures between Cunetio and Spinad. 
Added to this there is a difference in this Iter between 
Antonine's total and the sum of his parts — for the sum 
of the parts is 98 (XCVJII.) miles ; but the total given is 
103 (CIII.), a difference of five miles too many. This 
can be readily reconciled by supposing that the number 
of XX. miles between Verlucio and Cunetio is a mere 
scribe's error for XV. miles, which is in fact the red 
distance between them ; and such a mistake could easily 
arise by a writer making the second stroke of the V 
cross the first stroke a little near the bottom, so as to |}e 
taken for X. Thus the Iter would stand, Verlucio— 
Cunetione, XV. ; Spinis, XV. ; Calleva, XV. ; and make 
the total XCIII. miles — whereas, being stated at OIII. 
miles, this distance is easily made by the X before the 
CIII. having been omitted — and this would reconcile 
what has hitherto been irreconcilable and a crux to 
commentators. 

Another great point has been made to me, by corres- 
pondents, of the statement of Mr. Roach Smith, that 
*' Every Station which leads, and every Station which 
terminates an Iter, was walled." 

Now, I have said (and say still) that Bitterne is not 
Clausentum. I, therefore, put these two questions to 
any that care to answer : If Bitterne be Clausentum, 
where is the walled town for Regnum (which leads 
Iter VII.) at 20 miles distance? And if the walled 
town of Chichester be Regnum, where is Clausentum at 
20 miles distance ? Bitterne is nearly 30 miles. 

Richard's Itinerary confirms that I am right in placing 
Vindomis at Windsor (or near), and Clausentum at 
Woolmer. His last Iter, XVIII., is laid from York, 
through the midst of the island, to Clausentum, and a 
previous Iter, XV., is laid from London by Clausentum 
back to London by Portus Magnus, Dover, and Canter- 



TTOLEMy AND OF THE ANTONINE ITINERARY. 



253 



^on 



bnry. In these two Iters the terminus of one and the 
turning point of the other are evidentlj intended to be 
Southampton, and I strongly suspect that in Richard's 
original this was expressed by " Magnus Portus." But 
Bertram had been taught by Camden that Southampton 
was Clausentum, and so he considered it could not be 
Portus Magnus also ; and accordingly he changed Portus 
Magnus to Clausentum, and annexed Portus Magnus to 
Porchester to suit his theory. But this is by the bye. 

I believe I may say that all previous commentators 
have held the impression that Vindomis was in Hamp- 
shire, or very near it ; and all this arising from Camden 
placing Clausentum at Southampton, and they trying 
to reconcile Antoninus with that idea. But this Iter 
XVIII. of Richard puts another face on it. We need 
njjt trouble ourselves with the northern portion of this 
Iter, but come down at once to Oxfordshire, and take 
' :om it the last portion : — 



AliA Castra 
Dorocina 

Tames i 
Viiidorai 
Clans en to 



Alcester and Bicester. 
Dorchester (Oxou). 

Henloj-on-Thames. 
WinJeor (or new). 
Woolmer. 



Now we know the places for the two Brat names. 
Tamesis may be also safely taken for Henley-on-Thanies, 
for in the Ravenna List we had the same name in due 
course between London and Chipping Warden. Vin- 
domis stands next to Tamesis ; and a line from Dor. 
cheater through Henley points exactly to Old Windsor 
and Staines, with St. Leonard's Hill on the line. This 
is the place at which, in Autouiue's Iter XV"., I place 
Vindomis. Antoninus says Venta Belgaruui is 21 miles 
from Vindomis, and Clausentum 10 miles from Venta, 
and by the Ordnance Map Ushot is 21 miles irom St. 
Leonards, and Woolmer is 10 miles from Ushot; 
therefore Woolmer must be Clausentum. There are 
numbers (probably Bertram's) attached to Richard's 
names; but no reliance can be placed on them; for in 
his Iter XV. he makes the distance from Vindomis to 



254 



ii 



>f 



THE " MEASUREMENTS OP PTOLEMY, ETC. 



Clausentum 31 miles, but in his Iter XVIII. he puts the 
same at 46 miles. 

There can be scarcely any doubt that there was a 
Roman settlement at Woolmer, and probably at Black- 
moor, the seat of Earl Selborne ; for in addition to the 
quantity of coins found in Woolmer Pond in 1741, as 
related by Gilbert White in his "Antiquities of Sel- 
borne," and near 30,000 coins found on his lordship's 
estate some years since, I am informed by him that he 
had purchased bronze swords, spearheads, &c., &c., 
which were found just beyond the margin of his estate ; 
and he had also found, in various places, other articles, 
both of metal work and of pottery, some of the pottery 
being prehistoric British, and some of Romano-British 
times ; and that there are within his own home grounds 
some banks and trenches which he and others have some- 
times thought might perhaps be the remains of ancient 
earthworks, though he had never been able to make out 
a regular plan of them, corresponding with the usual 
formation either of Roman or of British encampments 
or fortifications. I am, therefore, not without strong 
reasons for placing a Roman or Romano-British settle- 
ment at Woolmer. 

Lastly, I submit the following table of place-names : — 



British. 


Rohan. 


Caer Segont 


Ardaoneon 




Calleva Attrebatnm 




Clausentum 


Caer Cusan 


Regnum 


Caer-Gain 


Wentana Civitaa 


Caer-Gloa 


Glebon Colonia 


Caer-Ueri 


Corininm 


Caer-Cori 


DurocorDOvium 


Caer Lunden 


Londinium 




Mida or Miba 




NeomaguB 


Caer Guent 


Uenta Belgarum 



Saxon. 


English. 


Sil-oeaster 


Silchester. 




CalTopit, Beading. 
Blackmoor, Woolmer. 


Cissan-oeaster 


Chichester. 


Wintan-oeaster 


Winchester. 


Gleavan-ceaster 


Gloucester. 




Cirencester. 


London 


North Cernej. 
London. 


Midan-Burj 
XJahot 


Midanbury, Bitteme. 
Farley Heath, Albnrj. 
Ewshot, Cron^all, Hants 



Loxwood, Sussex. 



SOME NOTES UPON THE AECHITECTUEE OF 
OTEHALL, IN THE PAJRISH OF WIVELSFIELD, 

SUSSEX. 



w 



By RALPtl NEYILL, Esq., F.S.A. 



The interestiag timber Iioiise at Oteball datea from the 
close of tlie I6th century. 

Accident has preserved the vestiges and much of the 
actual work of the original, and the loving care of the 
present owner has restored it to almost exactly its old 
state. Repair would bo a better expression than the 
ill-omened word restoration, and a careful inspection 
will show all the essential features of the old work still 
existing. 

The framing was evidently most carefully designed, 
and carried out very completely with the best material 
picked to suit the design, and there was here no 
accommodating of the design to the material in hand, as 
is so usual. The inside of the framing was most care- 
fully wrought, and the edges chamfered and stopped 
elaborately. This latter feature shows well in the 
drawing-room, and is unusual to find surviving. 

I will briefly describe how much is original and what 
are new features. 

The outside, except a part on the north side, was 
entirely covered with plaster, concealing some of the 
windows, and the timbers and the windows of the east 
front had been cut out, and later and larger casements 
inserted. The marks of the original transoms and 
mullions were and are visible, and the original attic 
windows still survived. 

Ou the south side were no dormers, but the roof 
framing for them and marks were found, and they have 
been restored to match the others. 



256 SOME NOTES UPON THE ARCHITECT[JBE OP OTBHALL. 

The small windows on the east front came to light on 
removal of the plaster, and were previously unsuspected; 
they are good instances of the mania for multipb*cation of 
windows that so roused Lord Bacon's wrath. On the 
sketch, by Mr. Shirley, in a previous volume of the 
Society's Transactions, a triangular piece is shown in 
the north gable bearing the letters T M G 1600. This 
had been put up in front of the closed attic window, and 
from the marks remaining over the window above the 
old porch it had evidently been the pediment thereof. 
As the mortices of two brackets were also found here the 
window was restored as projecting, but is necessarily 
somewhat conjectural. The porch below had had a 
Georgian door and panelling fitted to it, and no 
evidences of the original work remained. 

The two doorways that have three lights over, and are 
opposite one another in the building, are fitted to the 
original marks. 

The house was evidently built in two portions, but at 
no great distance of time between. 

The first part was the east block, consisting of 
entrance porch, with stairs opposite, and hall to the 
right and kitchen to the left, and an outhouse. Not 
long after, the other block was added, the work and 
especially the carving being more elaborate. 

The stairs were moved to their present position, as 
was shown by the framing of the old well-hole, that we 
found remaining in the old floor. The entrance was then, 
doubtless, by one of the two opposite doors, with a screen 
to shut off the hall and staircase. The room at the west 
end, now turned into a dining-room, was then made the 
kitchen, and a separate building, containing outhouses 
and stables, erected where the new wing stands. 

There are nice sandstone Tudor fire-places in the 
drawing-room and two rooms above. One of these had 
been used as the drawing-room, and contains nice oak 
panelling and mantelpiece. The other room contains 
a good carved mantelpiece, with inlaid initials and date, 
T.M.G. 1609, no doubt the date of the panelling and re- 
fitting. 



SOME NOTES UPON THE AEOHITEOTUBB OP OTEHALL. 257 

A stone window on the west side was removed from 
the south comer, and the dining-room window is 
conjectural. 

The corridors, &c., on the south side are additions. 

The old oak front door, and panelling and mantels, 
except where mentioned, were collected from old houses 
at Guildford and Godalming, now pulled down. 

In the bedroom over first kitchen a long cupboard at 
the side of fire-place had been converted into a con- 
venience, the seat of which remained, and emptied down 
a brick well, which was cleared from outside through a 
rough arch now in the porch. This primitive arrange- 
ment was, I think, later than the original house. 

Hardly any alteration has been necessary in the plan 
or details, and the house therefore presents an unusually 
complete example of the smaller country house of the 
17th century. 



XXSVf* 2 L 



NOTES AND QUEEIES. 



No. 1. 
On the Etymology of ** Rye'^ 
To the Editor of the " Sussex Archaeological Collections J* 

Sir, — In supplementary elucidation of the late Mr. Holloway's attempt 
to explain the origin and meaning of the word " Bje,*' I Fentare to offer 
the following suggestion : — 

An approximately accurate explanation of the name should spon- 
taneously — as it were — account for the invariahle • use in old French 
chronicles of the forms '^ La Rie " or *' La Rhie " — that is to say, should 
account for the word heing feminine in gender as well as being preceded 
by the definite article. 

These conditions are satisfied by the old French word (a feminine 
noun) "la rie," which La Cume De-Sainte-Palaye,* in his large dic- 
tionary, defines as '* terre en friche " (land lying waste, a void spot, or 
locality) — an accurate description, some few hundred years' since, of 
the waste-lying peninsular sand- rock, now the site of Rye; but then 
washed and almost surrounded by the sea, and, presumably, anoccnpied. 

Edward Adamsok, M.D., 
Rye, August 4th, 1883. Rye. 

* " Dictionnaire Historiqae de V Anoien Langage Fraii9ai8," par La Come de« 
Sainte-Falaye. 

No. 2. 

Waimham: Its Church, Monuments, Registers^ and Vicars {VoL 

XXXIII., p, 165.) 

To the account of Thomas Pittis, M.A., Vicar of Wamham, add the 
following: — He was buried at Horsham, 19 April, 1712, as "Mr Petes 
Minester of Wamham." Administration of his goods, etc. — in the record 
of which he is described as : Thomas Pittis {sic) late Vicar of Wamham 
and School Master of Horsham co. Sussex, deceased, — ^was granted in 
P.C.C. 10 May 1712 to Thomas Hunt, principal creditor, Frances 
Pettis {sic) relict of said deceased first renouncing. On 2 April 1718 
another grant was made to Ralph Linfeild a creditor, Thomas Hunt 
principal creditor and administrator having deceased without fully 
administering. 

R. Garrawat Rios. 



NOTES AND QUEBIES. 



259 



No. 3. 
Sussex Iron Fire Back. 




This illustration is copied from a sketch kindly supplied by Alexander 
Nesbitt, Esq., of Oldlands, Uckfield, who in forwarding it described it as 
being of a type new to him. Mr. Nesbitt calls attention in tlie same 
commnnication to a very good fire back at Mr. Sclater's, at Newick Park, 
upon which are, he says, '* the arms of, I think, a Sackville, Knight of 
the Garter in the reign of Henry VIII.," and he adds, ** I fancy there 
are few as early and as good. 

No. 4. 
"Btiwftoo,** an ISth Century Drink. 

In the instractive '* Diary of a Sussex Tradesman a Hundred Years 
Ago," published in Vol. XI. " S. A. C.,** there is the following reference 
(p. 188) to this mysterious compound of spirituous liquors : — ** 1756. 
April 28th. I went down to Jones*, where we drank one bowl of punch 
and two muggs of bumboOy and I came home again in liquor. Oh I with 
what horrors does it fill my heart to think I should be guilty of doing so, 
and on a Sunday too I Let me once more endeavour, never, no never, to 
be guilty of the same again." Subsequent writers have puzzled over this 
allusion to '* bumboo," and recently a query has appeared in '* Notes and 
Queries" (6th S., xii., 468) as to the meaning of Bumbo Fair, mentioned 
in Act IV. of Beaumont and Fletcher's play. Knight of the Burning Pestle, 

The Newcastle Society of Antiquaries published in 1882 a volume 
entitled *' Northumbrian Minstrelsy — a Collection of the Ballads, Melodies, 
and Small-Pipe Tunes of Northumbria," edited by Dr. Collingwood Bruce, 
F.S.A. (V.P. Suss. A. S.), and John Stokoe, in which there is the 
following reference in a song called " Elsie Marley ": — 

'' The pitmen and the keelmen trim, 
They drink bumbo made of gin, 
And for the dance they do begin 
To the tune of « Elsie Marley' honey." (p. 118.) 

Frederick E. Sawyer, F.S.A. 



260 NOTES AND QUEBIES. 

No. 5. 
Hayward*e Heath. 

The following extract from a commnnication sent by Warden Sergison, 
Esq., of Cuckfield Park, will be read with interest : — " I think this copy 
of one of my oldest deeds (dated 1859) would be worth inserting in 
the ' Sussex Archaeological Collections.* It expluns the deriration 
of Hayward's Heath.. I bad it published in the ' Cuckfield Magazine/ 
because it has been stated that Hayward*s Heath was so called after a 
robber who was hanged there in the last century, which is, of course, a 
mistake." 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Johannes de Hayworthe de 
parochia de Cokefeld dedi concessi et hac presenti carta mea confirmaTi 
Rogero Somonour de eadem parochia septem acras et dimidiam terre mee 
Yocate Stakland jacentes apud Hayworthe inter tenementum quondam 
Ade le Somonour ex parte boreali et viam ducentem versus Lewes ex 
parte australi et viam ducentem versus Shoreham ex parte occidentali et 
terram meam propriam ex parte orientali sicut certe mete et bunde dividunt 
et demonstrant. Habendas et tenendas predictas septem acras terre et 
dimidiam cum suis pertinenciis predicto Rogero heredibus et assignatis 
suis vel cuicumque vendere legare dare vel aliquo alio modo assignare 
voluerit tam in egritudine quam in sanitudine libere quiete et in 
pace in perpetuum de capitalibus dominis feodi illius per servitia inde 
debita et de jure consueta. Reddendo mihi et heredibus meis per annum 
pred ictus Rogenis heredes sui vel sui assign a ti unum denarium et unum 
obolum videlicet ad feslum Pentecosti ad festum sancti Michaelis et ad 
festum Parificationis beate Marie equis porcionibus pro omnibus aliis 
servitiis et secularibus demandis salvos mihi et heredibus meis sex 
denarios pro herioto et sex denarios pro relevio cum accident. Et ego 
vero predictus Johannes heredes mei et assignati mei totam predictam 
terram cum omnibus suis pertinenciis predicto Rogero heredibus et 
assignatis suis contra omnes gentes warantizabimus in perpetuum. In cujus 
rei testimonium huic presenti carte sigillum meum apposui. Hiis testibus 
Waltero atte More Willielmo de Wolnor Johanne de Stanford Willielmo 
Wordewrygth et multis aliis Datum apud Cokefeld quarto die mensis 
Aprilis Anno regni regis Edwardi tertii post conquestum tricesimo 
secundo. 



Know all men present and to come that I John de Hayworthe of the 
parish of Cokefeld have given granted and by this my present charter* 
have confirmed unto Roger le Somonour of the same parish seven acres 
and a half of my land called Stakland lying at Hayworthe between a 
tenement sometime of Adam le Somonour on the north part and a road 
leading towards Lewes on the south part and the road leading towards 
Shoreham on the west part and my ov?n land on the east part as certain 

* " From the time of the Norman Conquest those which we now call Deeds or 
WritinRBwere generally called Chartre — Charters. This name was brought into 
common use by the Normans, as Ingulf observes/* Madox. Formolare Angli- 
canum, iij. 



NOTES AND QUEHIES. 



261 



tea and bonndB divide and show. To have and to hold the said seven 
and ft half acres of land with their appurtenancea to the said Roger his 
heirs and aaaigns or to whomsoever he may wish to sell wit) give or in any 
other manner assign as vrell in sickness as in health freely quietly and in 
jicnce for ever of the chief lordsof the fee by the Berrices therefor due and 
of right accustomed. He the said Roger his heirs or assigns yielding to 
me aod my heirs by the year one penny and one half-penny that is to say 
at the feast of PentecoEt at the feast of St. Michael and at the feast of 
the Furification of the Blessed Mary in equal portions in respect of all 
other services and secular demands saviag to me and my heira sixpence 
for heriot and eixpeuce for relief nhen it shall happen. And I the said 
John my heirs and assigns will warrant for ever all the said lands with all 
its appurtenances to the said Roger his heirs and assigns against all 
persDUB. In witness whereof I have put my seal to this present charter. 
In the presence of Walter atte More William de Wolnor John do 
Btauford William Wordewrygth and many others. Given at Cokefeld on 
the fourth day of the month of April in the thirty-second year of the 
reign of King Edward the Third after the conquest. 

The Iter. Preb, F. J. Mount, when inserting the above in the " Cuck- 
field Magazine " for March, 1880, said : — •' 1 am indebted to thn kind- 
neaa of Mr. Payne for decyphering the deed, a most difficult task, and 
also for the translation. Worth — in old English Weoithe — signifies, I 
am told, a farm or homestead ; so that Hoy woithe was probably originally 
the homestead of Haye, or Haie, one of the oldest Norman names in 
Sussex." It may perhaps be well to remark that Verstegan gives a 
totally dififereut derivfltion, observing: — "Wborth or Wbohd, a kyud 
of peninsula or land enuyroned almost about with water, not in tliu sea, 
but in some river or between two rivers." 



No. C. 
Jltmoving a SJill Entire. 
B following paragraph from the " Antiquarii 



^^^Be following paragraph from the " Antiquarian Chronicle," Ac, for 
^^H^, 188S, may perhaps be considered curious enough to find a place 
In our Notes and Queries : — 

" In 1797, a miller at Brighton, in the presence of many thousand 
spectators, removed his windmill whole, and literally as he worked her, 
with the help of 36 yoke of oxen and a, number of men, from the above 
place, across the plains to a brow near Withdean, a distance of more 
, than a mile, where he fixed her, without the smallest accident. The 
above mill stood to the westward of Brighton, very near the edge of the 

I cliff, and had long been complained of as a nuisance, which caused the 
removal. The neighbouring farmers accommodated him with their oxen 

L for the purpose, gratis." 

■i 

^^^^B DiKOVery at Edburtoa. 

^I^Wnder this title there ia given an account iu Vol. XXXII. of the 

II " BusBcx Archaeological Collections," page 230, of a description of a 



262 NOTES AND QUERIES. 

tablet in the Tmleigh Chapel, Edbnrton Chorchi with some lines upon 
it, incomplete through a missing fragment of the tablet. The late Rector 
of Edbnrton, the Rev. C. H. Wilkie, after giving the portion of the lines 
still left, says : — *' Are they a quotation ? or can anj reader complete 
them (not from imagination)." As no one has, so far as I know, 
supplied the missing words, I venture to suggest that in all probability 
they ran as follows : — 

And seeing stones can speake— ane^ tell 
both who he was and what lies — buried here 
he y' court, city, country life — hath tried 
& finding none that pleased, fell — sick & died 
he died if dead he can be said-*to be 
that knew no life besides E — temitie. 

JoHK Sawtsr. 

No. 8. 
Dedication of New Shoreham Church, 

In Dugdale's " Monasticon " (Vol. I., 582) this church is described as 
St. Mary de Haurd, and in Vol. XXVII. (p. 78) of our " Collections " 
there is a query as to the meaning of this expression. It seems, however, 
to be derived from the Latin verb haunre, to pierce, wound, or suffer, and 
therefore the dedication is Our Lady of Sorrow (or the Seven Sorrows), 
This feast of the Virgin Mary was formally instituted in the jear 1200, 
and was observed on July 15th in the old English calendar ('' Brewer's 
Dictionary of Miracles," p. 517). It is perhaps more than a mere co- 
incidence that a fair is still held at New Shoreham on July 25th, which 
would be the eve of Our Lady of SoiroWy new style, and we may therefore 
accept this as the true dedication. The dedication formerly assigned 
jointly to the Virgin and S. Nicholas probably arises from a confusion of 
this church with that of Old Shoreham. 

Frbdbriok E. Sawybb. 

No. 9. 

A List of some Papers in the **ArchcBologia " relating to Sussex. 

For the following list of papers in the ** Archaeologia," Vols. I.-XLVII. 
inclusive, which it is thought will perhaps be useful to the members of 
the S. A. S. for reference, we are indebted to Mr. Comber, Free Library, 
Saltley, near Birmingham : — 

**Arcb»ologia/' Vol. III. 
Aylosse, Sir J. Eng. hist, paintings at Cowdry, Sussex. 

Vol. VI. 
Pownall, T. Singular stone among the rocks at West Hoadley. 

Vol. VIII. 
Topham, J. Anc. painting at Cowdray. — App. 



NOTES AND QITEBIES. 263 

Vol. XVIII. 

Lysons, S. Roman villa disc, at Bignor. — Davy, Sir H. Colours on 
the walls of a Boman hoase disc, at Bignor. — Letter to the Major, etc., 
of Winchelsea, resp. choice of officers. 

Vol. XIX. 
Ljsons, S. Roman villa at Bignor. 

Vol, XXIII. 

Letter to H. Petrie, accompanying drawings of Prior of Lewe's Hos- 
telry in St. Olave, Sonthwark. — Townsend, C. Fresco-painting disc, at 
Preston, Sossex. 

Vol. XXVI. 

Phillips, T. Disc, of anc. canoe at North Stoke, Sussex. 

Vol. XXVIL 
Madden, Sir F. Matrix of the seal of Boxgrave (sic.) Priory, Sussex. 

Vol. XXXI. 

Harconrt, L. V. Vessels of glass and earthenware, and ornaments 
disc, near Chilgrove, Sussex. 

Mantell, G. A. Disc, of remains of William de Warren and his wife 
Oundrada among ruins of Priory of St. Pancras, Southover, Lewes.-* 
Blaauw, W. H. Two leaden chests containing bones of W. de Warren 
and his wife Gundrada, founders of Lewes Priory in Sussex, disc. 1845, 

Vol. XXXII. 

Blaauvr, W. H. Matilda, Queen of Wm. the Conqueror and her 
daughter Gundrada. 

Vol. XLIL 

Fox, A. H. L. Hill Forts of Sussex. 

Vol. XLV. 
Walcott, M. £. C. Early Statutes of Chichester Cathedral. 

Vol. XL VI. 
Fox, A. L. Mount Caburn Camp, near Lewes. 

No. 10. 

Archaeological Discoveries at Freetonville, Brighton, 

In the autumn of 1883, and in the spring of 1884, discoveries of Anglo« 
Saxon remains were made in some fields adjoining Dyke Road, Brighton, 
which appear to indicate that ** the elevated ground lying between Dyke* 
road, Stanford-road, Port Hall-road, and the Old Shoreham-road, marks 
the site of a Saxon burial ground." The remains, which were of the 
normal type, were inspected by several members of the Sussex Archaeo* 
logical Society; a detailed account of the ''finds" was inserted in D. fi. 
Fnend*s Almanack for 1885, page 166. 



264 KOTBS AND QITEBIES. 

No. 11. 
Editors Notices, 

It is intended to issue Yol. XXXY. of the <' Collections *' early in 
1887. Members are requested to forward any papers or notes before the 
1st September, 1886. Among the papers already promised for this 
Yolame is one by Sir George Dackett, Bart., relating to the Glaniac 
Priory of St. Pancras, Lewes, which will be of exceptional interest and 
Talne. 

The " Sussex Domesday '' is now in the hands of onr Members, and it 
is proposed that Vol. XXXVI. of onr *' Collections " shall be devoted 
solely to matters connected with this work ; the Editor will be glad to 
receive all papers and notes relating thereto as early in 1887 as possible. 

It has been suggested that the Volume for 1888 shall be Sussex Folk 
Lore and Sussex Songs and Music. 

Henrt Qriffith, 

47, Old Steyne, Brighton. 



INDEX TO VOL. XXXIV. 



SoTeral of the papers in thiB Volume contain a large number of namea 
with which— as being of little general interest apart from their context 
— ^it was not thought necessary to encumber the Index. Mention baa 
therefore been made of some of the more distinctive or noteworthy; 
but those engaged in tracing local names are recommended to search 
such papers for instance as that commencing at page 126, in addition to 
consulting the Index. 




Abernv^nny, Q«OT({e NeTilIe, lord of 
(will dftled liSI), buried in the 
Priory Church of St. Pancras, Lewes ; 
disTOTery (in 1845) of a bull's head 
in brasa, port of the heraldic decors- 
tion of hw tomb. B6. 
ADDmoNAL K0TK8 ON " The Mba- 
eiT^EUBNTS or ProLRur and of 
THB Antoninr Itinbbabt," by Gor- 
don M. HillB (■■ 8. A C." VoJb. XXXI. 
■nd XXXII.). by II. K. Napper, 
330-361. Disciociion beiweeo the 
Revennis and the Iters, 2^ ; details 
of UiH great Roman roads crossiriK 
Brilain, 230.1'4U: ancii^t map of 
Koman Britain pretixud ta Uatotier's 
" R ichard of Cirencester"; descrip- 
he map, 241, el leq.t the 
ivwnnas" catalogue commences 
id's End ; succesiiful attpapt to 
modem names to some of the 
Monlioned, 242 ; Eieler either 
existence, or of no importance 
ing the Koman occupation of 
itain, 243; reasons for supposing 
__ rahaltoD marks ibe site of Novio- 
'fiis^UB; Thundersfield possibly the 
capital of a lerritorv, 244; a Homaii 
Tifla near Crondall Church ruthlessly 
dMiroyedi importance of Crondall; 
origin of the name Ardaoneon and of 
Silchesler, 346 ; the name of Onion 
used as a surname at Beading 
■ 1 o( I ' - ' ■ 







Keading(fciR^. Henry VIII.>iUidan- 
bury camp probably the capital of 
the Telrici, 'i4(i: list of British cities 
and camps, 347-240; Farley Heath 
idttntiiled as the site of (he " Neo- 
js" of Ptolemy, 240; Waroe's 
-^-nt Dorset " cntkiscd, 349-350 ; 
enge to those who hold 
3T to be Catleva Attrebalium, 
; attempt lo correct Iter 

_ id t« rw-onoile a diacrepancy, 

SSMt&2i Mr. Roach Smith's theory 
aa (o thopoaiUon of walled stations 
in the ft*rs; reasons for placing 
Claiueutum at Wool mer instead of at 
Bittaine, 2&3, el teg. : futile attempts 

ixnv. 



to reconcile Antoninus wit^ Camden'a 
idea that Southampton was CUnsen- 
tum, 2uS ; Woolni<'r a Roman settle- 
ment: Gilbert White's account of a 
find of coins in Woolmer pond : 30,000 
coiDH found at Blackmnor, the seat 
of Karl Selbome; bronze swords, 
t^arheads, pottery, &c., found there 
also ; table of place-names, 354. 

Aldenihot, Roman coins found at, 34S. 

Alt-ar of the Holy Cross in St. Pancraa' 
Church, Leweis, gift of a messuage to 
(1238), 86. 

Amberley Castle, table at, 53, nott. 

AwDBft, i. Lkwib, on Subbbi X)o- 

NBSTIC ABCUITBCITtmB IN ITB 

IltruButB AsPBCTS, 39-60. 
Anton, probable site of, of "Mututm-. 

tonit,^ 67. 
AnioniDe'a Itinerary, necessity for co^ 

recting distances, SiC-, 261. 
ArchaeologiCBl discoTery at Brighton, 

263. 
" Archaeologia," list of papers in the, 

relating 10 Suasei, 263. 
Architectuie, Suasex Domeatic, 99-66. 
Arda-Oneon, origin of the word. 245, 
Abnold, thb Rev. Frrdrrick H., 

LL.B., ON Cawlex the Rsoicidb, 

Acuodel and Surrey, effigies of the 
Earl and Couotess of (,lemp. Edward 
111.), in Chichester Cuihedral, be- 
lieved to have been removed from 
Lewrs Priory at the Suppre*«ion, 92. 

Arundel and Surrey, Richard Pili Alan, 
Earl of lob. 1376), and bis Counleee, 
their effigies probably in Chichesl«r 
Cathedral, 92. 

Arundel and Surrey, Richard, third 
Earl of, by his will (1376) directs 
mass to be raid daily in Lewes 
Priory for the Kpobe of his soul, 84. 

Arundel, Sir John de (1379). wUls lo be 
btiried in the Priory al Lewee, 86. 

A^hbumham, J., Esq., lessee of the 
Manor of Oving (in IC4&), groom of 
the bed-chamber to Charles I. and 
Charles II., and M.P. for Hasting* 
(1640), 136-189. 

2 u 



OAWLET. 



[ 270 ] 



cc 



DAPHNB. 



t> 



OliTer Cromwell all took the Ck)T&- 

DaDt upon the same day, 28. 
Cawley lamily, the, loDg extinct in 

Chichester, 33, note* 
Cawley, William (fon of the Beffidde), 

petitions (in 1660) to have his father's 

estate restored to himself and wife, 

87. 
Cawley, William, considered to hare 

"many titles to be placed at the 

head of the Sussex Regicide^," 32. 
Cawley, William, one of the M.P/s for 

Midhurst; a Commissioner at the 

trial of Charles I., 32. 
Cawley, William, 6on of the Begicide, 

extract from a petition of bis in 

1660, 37. 
Cawley, John, B.A., son of the Begicide ; 

inst-alled Archdeacon of Lincoln 

(March 2nd, 1666-7), 33 and note. 
"Cawley's Lane," at Rumboldswyke, 

27, note. 
Champagne, Odo de, son of Stephen 

II., Count of Champagne, 6, note, 
Chatfield, Maria, a daughter of Cawley 

the Regicide, 24. 
Chesworth, inventory of goods in 1548, 

53, note, 
Chichester, bequest to the Mayor of, 

**for his table^'" by John Cawley, him- 
self ** thrice Mayor of this City " {ob. 

1621), 24. 
Chichester disgarrisoned by Parliament 

(2nd March. 1646). 31. 
Chichester, legacy left to the iK)or of, by 

John Cawley, Mayor of Chichester 

{ob, 1621), 24. 
Chichester, the Cawley Almshouse, 

acquired by the Mayor and Corpora- 
tion {temp. Charles II.), 37. 
Chichester, remarkable shop-front at, 

with leaden panel (date 1728), 45, 

note, 
" Chronicle of Bermondsey," quotation 

from, 13 and note. 
Church Bells in Sussex, large number 

cast by the Eldridges, 205, note, 
Cicestrians, going to see " the ^ave of 

the Regicide," when opened in 1816, 

21, note, 
Clabk, George. T., on The Castle 

OP Lewes. 57-68. 
Clarke, Mr. Somers, lun., his ingenious 

plan of St. Pancras Church, at Lewes, 

78. 



Clayton, Chaslbs E.» paper (m 
Hanglbton and ns Hisiokt, 
167-184. 

Clement VIm leaden buUa of, found in 
ruins of Lewes Priorr in 1845; sug- 
gestion as to its marking sepulclne 
of John, the last Earl ci Warenne, 
86. 

Clerk, the Rev. Geoige Hay, AJf.,82 
years Rector of Horsted Keynes 
{pb, 1728), 107. 

Cleres, Anne of, the patzonage of 
Hangleton Church granted to her for 
Dfe (1541). 179. 

Coat es, good local sandstone houses at, 
42. 

Coins, find of 30,000 at Blackmoor, the 
seat of Earl Selbome, 254. 

Conin£fsborough Castle, built by the 
De Warrens, 66. 

"Coton Aster," see *' Michaelmas 
SUver." 

Clubmen, the Sussex, 29-31. 

Cluni, Chabtebs of the Abbbt of, 
more pabticularlt affecting 

ITS AFFILIATED PbIOBT OF ST. PaN- 

CBA8, AT Lewes. By Sir O. F. 
Duckett, Bart, 121-126. Charto- 
laries relating to the Abbey of dnni 
in the National Library of France, at 
Dijon and at M&con ; their import- 
ance in relation to the que^^tion 
of the parentage of Gundreda, 
Countess de Warenne, 121 ; discovery 
of the original Confirmation and 
Deed of Grant of the Priory of St. 
Pancras ; its perfect preservation and 
great value ; important position of the 
witnesses to the document, 122 and 
ibid, notes ; its evidence as to the use 
of and significance of Comituea^ 123 ; 
lands forming the first foundation of 
the Priory part of ttie dower or in- 
heritance of Queen Matilda, 124 ; sig- 
nificance of the order in which the 
witnesses' names are subscribed, ibid. ; 
copy of the Foundation Charter, 
125; courtesy of the French Am- 
bassador (Mons. L. Delisle) ; copy of 
his letter, 126. 

Crondall Ewshot, probable site of 
Venta Beigarum, 245. 

Crondall, Roman villa destroyed at, 
245. 



D. 



Daintrey*8, Mr., house at Petworth, 
example of herring-bone brickwork 
at, 40, note. 



Dallaway, his mistake as to the burial 

of John Cawley's wife, 22, note. 
" Daphne," the, an old-fashioned 



CAWLEY. 



[269] 



CAWLEt. 



23; his father's will; burial of John 
Cawley; monument; effigy and in- 
scriptions; erection of the Cawley 
Almshouse by the Regicide ; position 
of the building ; its use ; date ; dedi- 
cation of the chapel to St. Bartholo- 
mew; its consecration by Bishop 
Carleton; its present condition, 23- 
25; inscription on John Cawley 's 
monument added long after his 
decease ; mist akes occurring in it, 25 ; 
loss of registers of Biehops Carleton, 
Montague, Duppa, and King, also of 
The Act Books of Dean and Chapter 
(from 1618 to 1«60), ibid, notes; 
mistake in supposing the Alms- 
house to have been built by John 
Cawley; origin of the error; illogical 
conclusion of Hay, "the inaccurate 
historian of Chichester ; "extract from 
his History of Chichester; Alms- 
house occupied by Parliamentarian 
troops at the siege of Chichester; 
discovery of skeletons within pre- 
cincts of the Almshouse; Cawley 
Priory; Wm. Cawley, M.P. for 
Chichester, in 1627 ; compounds for* 
knighthood (1630), 26 and nofes; 
Cawley attached to the Puritan 
party ; his estate at Rumboldswyke ; 
oak pulpit presented by him to 
Rumbolaswyke Church; Cawley 
M.P. for Midhurst, 1640; sat for that 
borough during the Long Parliament ; 
became the intimate friend of Crom- 
well on the breaking out of the Civil 
War; obtains a commission in the 
army ; in 1642 Cawley takes measures 
against Col. Goring and the Chiches- 
ter Royalists; Chichester declares 
for the Parliament ; " Mr William 
Cawley" firmly refuses to "listen 
to Royal overtures ; " reverses of the 
Cavaliers, 27; Royalist rising in 
Chichester, cannon from Portsmouth 
fleiztd, the City keys taken, the 
trained-ban<l8 imprisoned ; news of 
the "surprisal" sent by Clawley to 
Col. Morley; the Chichester M.P.'s 
expelled the House ; the siege of 
Chichester; the City taken (Dec 
29th, 1642); Cawiey's influence 
•• paramount " in Chichester ; takes 
the Covenant (June 6th, 1643) with 
Selden and Cromwell; appointed a 
Commissioner " for demolishing 
Bup^'rstitious pictures and monu- 
ments in London ; " selected to thank 
the divines who preached before 
Parliament (Aug. 28th, 1644) "for 
their pains in their sermons;" 



exerts himself in 1644 to oppose the 
Royalists; many fortified houses in 
Sussex abolished, 28; Cawley em- 
powered to pay " three able preach- 
ing ministers in Chichester .£100 
a year each out of the estates of the 
Dean and Chapter," ibid, note ; rising 
of the Sus>ex Clubmen (in 1645) on 
Rooke's Hill (the Trundle above 
Goodwood) ; history of this " third 
party," their badge, arms, leaders, 
origin, design, numbers, tactics, 
moito; introduction by them of the 
word " plunder " into our language ; 
Fairfax first employ? and then sup 
presses them, 29; Cromwell defeats 
them on Hambledon Hill ; the rising 
at Winche>ter supprc-^sed by Colonel ,- 
Norton. 30 ; curious sermon to Club- 
men ; end of the Civil War ; Charles 
I. a prisoner; Cawley named as a 
Commissioner; he attends the trial 
every day, 31; Cawley one of the 
59 who signed the King's death- 
warrant ; took no prominent part in 
the King's execution ; appointed one 
of the Council of State m 1650, and 
one of the Sequestrators for Sossax; 
presents his son John (a Nonconfor- 
mist) to the Benefice of Rotherfield^'s^ 
(1659), 32 ; on the estates of Lord 
Craven being sold in 1652 Cawley 
purchases the Manor of Wart ling, 
tbid, note ; John Cawley- takes epis- 
copal orders at the Restoration, 
becomes Archdeacon of Lincoln 
(in 1666-7), tee note ; kind behaviour 
of Bishop King; Cawley elected 
M.P. for Chichester (1660) ; sat in the 
Convention Parliament; his critical 
position ; excepted *' as to life and 
property *' from Act of Indemnity, 
33 ; not indicted for high treason, 
being supposed to have fied beyond 
sea ; efforts to discover Cawley ; his 
escape to Lausanne ; bis condition in 
exile, 34; his death (1666); his 
burial ; discovery, of monument at 
Vevey, 35; honour paid to Cawley 
by the Council of Berne; tradition 
as to burial at Chichester, probable 
truth of this, ibid, notes; inscrip- 
tion on Cawley's monument; rea- 
sons for concluding Cawley's re- 
mains were brought to Chichester, 
36; subsequent history of Cawley's 
Almfihouse, 37 ; extract from Act 
of Parliament, showing ultimate 
settlement of the property, ibid, 
note. 
Cawley the Regicide, John Selden, and 



GUNDEEDA. 



[ 272 ] HANGLETOK. 



VATI0N8 ON THE PARENTAGE OF 

THE Countess, Wife of William, 
First Earl of Warrnne and 
Surrey. By Sir George F. Duckett, 
B&rt., 1-20. Unsatisfactory nature of 
the discussion as to the parentage of 
Gundreda; Mr. Chester Waters' con- 
tribution to the controversy, charac- 
terised, 1 ; the modem school of criti- 
cism, 2 ; importance of the Clugni 
Chartulary in solving the problem 
of Gundreda's relationship to the 
Conqueror ; infatuation of thos^ who 
rely exclusively upon the testimony 
of Ordericus Vitahs; his testimony as 
to Gundreda's relationship to Gher- 
bod, a Fleming ; his gross historical 
errors in relation to Gundreda and 
William de Warenne ; the craze for 
far-fetched theories as to Gundreda's 
descent, 3; reasons for supposing 
Gundreda fosfer^ister to Gherbod, 
4-6 ; the superiority of original docu- 
mentary evidence over the testimony 
of historians, 6 ; Charters and Records 
held to be paramount to Chronicles 
and Historians in the Lords' Com- 
mitt4}e (re Arundel title and peerage); 
Dugdale's contradictory remarks on 
Order icus's version of " Soror Gher- 
bodi ; " the Brooke and Camden con- 
troversy, 7; wild suppositions as 
to Queen Matilda; two different 
attempts to prove Gundreda related 
neither to the Conqueror nor to Queen 
Matilda, 8 ; Mr. Stapleton*s illogical 
reasoning exposed by Mr. Blaauw; 
startling assertions by the author of 
the " Life of St. Anselm ; " Gundreda 
supposed to be a sister of Richard 
Guet, a Monk of Bermondse^y; im- 
founded but repeated imputations as 
to interpolations in the Conqueror's 
Charter relating to the Manor of 
Walton in Norfolk, 9; Mr. Waters* 
assertion, ibid, note; the monks of 
Lewes charged with forgiwj the Con- 
firmation deed of their founder; 



satisfactory answer to the charge; 
summary of the three arguments of 
the author of "St. Anaelm's Life** in 
disproof of Gundreda's ]:>arentage, 
10; the "god-mother" and **cwl- 
daughter** theory examined, 11 (and 
notes). Relationship of Gundreda to 
the Conqueror and Matilda proved by 
the evidence cited to disproye it, 12; 
Canonical consanguinity violated by 
William and Matilda, would extend 
to Gundreda ; the ** Chronicle of Ber- 
monds^y" quotation relating to 
Richard Guet, 13 (and note); error 
in the "Chronicle of Bermondsey" 
corrected by William de Prefcton. in 
1363 ; he shows that the Countess of 
Warenne was his '*Lady" under 
whom he held his inheritance ; par- 
ticulars of this inheritance and of 
the service by which it was held. 
Confusion of the name of **Goet'' 
with " Ooel" 14; theories as to 
William de Warenne having had a 
second wife (a daughter of William 
Gouet) considered ; doubtful authen- 
ticity of the passage in the Ely 
Register asserting this, 15; Gun- 
dreda said never to have been a 
Countess, this assertion disproved; 
William de Warenne a Count prior to 
his creation as an English Earl ; Dug- 
dale's repudiation of the story in the 
Ely B^g\8ier (ibid, notes) ; reasons for 
requiring special confirmation of the 
discovery of a second Countess de 
Warenne; evidences in the Con- 
queror's Charter, the Register of 
the Priory, and in the Epitaph on 
Gundreda's tomb at Lewes, 15-17; 
Dr. Sykes' observations, 18-20; dis- 
covery of the original deed of gift 
and its confirmation, 19 (note), 

Gussage, see Vindocladia, 

Gundulf, Bishop of Rochester, assists 
at the dedication of the Church of St. 
Pancras at Lewes, 74. 



H. 



" Ilall,'* ihQ, at Rotherfield, 47. 

IIanoleton and its History. By 
Charles E. Clayton, 167-184. Posi- 
tion of Hangleton; its early history 
and etymologj^ 167; mention of 
Hangleton in Domesday, and of the 
manor of " Benfields." 168; area of 
present parish compared with that 
given in Domesday; descent of the 



manor, 169; absence of romantic 
features in the history of Hangleton 
Place ; Sir Philip Sidney dies, seized 
of the manor (ir)86); the Belling- 
liams, tlioir pedigree, arms, connec- 
tion of Edward Bellingham with 
Inquisition at Steyning (m 1561) for 
the "exocucion of ye Statute of 
apparell for mens wifes;" Richard 



HANGLETON. 



[ 273 ] 



INOOIDESBY. 



BellinghAin contributes v£25 by way 
of lo»n for defpnw of the country 
AguDst Snun {IbSS) i extracts from 
the NewtunherrpKUttfrB ; description 
of n«ii(tli<toQ PUca as originally 
biiilt, 171 i pfOAont condition ot tlie 
housu; ounous verwon of Ihe TeD 
Comniandmeiits carved udod screen, 
173 i arehitectwal details ; richly- 
moulded ceiling, with arms of ihe 
Bellinghanis, Scraces, Jfet^. : msmorisl 
brassfromWeslBlatchington Church, 
17S: soma account of the Scrace 
family: present ownership of the 
Manor of Hangleton, 174 ; reference 
tothe manorin a Chancery tnut(fi-nip. 
ElizalKiTh); dispute as to i>ayment nf 
the common fine0602),17Bi ihe De 
BBHcfeld family ; Ihe Covert family. 
1T5-176; dHHtruction of hunlinc seat 
of the Covertd, 176; the Church 
situation, dedication, coR'litlon, 
gonuments, 177i grave of Dr. 
raealy: no mention of Hangleton 
Domewlay, 178; references to 
ingletoa Church in a Charter 
>m SiSrid, 11 ; in Taxation 
Pope Nicholas; Inquisi'iones 
Nonanim (I3S0); Talor ETcctesiasti- 
CUB (1636): the patronage-, 179; 
singular charge again«t " Jlenry 
Shales, parson of Hangletonne" 
L-(lll83): counter-charge agdnst Tlio- 
^'"TM Onderdonne, ftc. ; eoelesiaslical 
_Mlditimi of the parish in 1R(M) and 
^721. 180 1 description of the parson- 
t destmction of the purHonage 



;riaii Registers, 181 
rniurns ; Ihe churchyard ground 

" full of l)one« lip to the top," yet 

the Bveracu population small, ISS; 

lislot Incumtx-nts, 183-181; list of 

Field-namfs, IS\. 
Hangleton, suggested derivation from 

Angle-tun, ir>8. 
BaaRletou, fourteen Tarious wnys of 

spelling Ihe name of. 1G7. 
Utngielon. silt' of Itoman villa marked 

on Ordnanw Map of, ibiJ, 

lOgle Ion, indications cit the exti^nsive 

— >wtli ot flax and hemp at, in 1369, 

el»toa Chinch, cuiious niche in, 



Hangleton Church, not mentioned in 

Domesday, Ciid. 
Hangleton Church, patronage of 

granted lo Thomas Cromwell, Earl 

of Essex, in 1537,179. 
Harvey, Dr., a contemporary of William 

Cawley, his remain*, "lapt in lead," 

36, note. 
Haslerig, Sir Arthur, engaged in the 

caplure of Chichester (in 1642). 81. 
Hasiinga, tlie battle of. >«« "Senlac." 
Hastings, tliatched roofs prohibited at, 

in 161S. 42, nole. 
Ilayward Heath. an early dued relating 

to, copy and translation, 260-261. 
Heather. II.. a daughter ot Cawley the 

Hegieide. 2i. 
Hcnloy-oo-Thames, site of Tame»i», S63. 
Ilopa, W. H. St- John. MJi.. F.8.A., 

ON THB ARCHITBCTtlBAl. HlSTOBY 
OF THB CLENIAC PrIOBT Of St- 

Panpeas at Lkweh. 71, 106. 
Home (or Tbunderfleld) Castle, an im- 

IKirtant moated and forlilted Roman 

position near Horley Station, 244. 
" Horsham slates." reason for abandon- 

ing the use of. 42. 
Horsham. Manor Houm, ornamental 

lead rain-water head with initials 

and date at. 45, note. 

HOHBTKD KkYNFB, firSSBX, MOWU- 
MBNTAI. INSCHIPTIOSB yjlOM THK 

CiimcH 01'. Compiled bv Oranville 
LevesonGower, F.8..<.,10t-II4. Me* 
miirials to Ihe Rev George Hay Clerk, 
A.M. (32 yea--e Rector, ob. 1729); 
Alexander Dalmahoy, Esq. (ol Lou- 
don). 107 : Mrs. Sapliira Lightmaker, 
sister to Archbishop Leighton. curious 
epitaph. 100; memorials to the Pigott 
family. 109, rf «?. ,- Bev. John Wood j 
Archbishop Utghron (ob. 1884). 110- 
Rii BIlis Oeigblon. Knight ("b. 18S4); 
Rev. Robwt Wethnrall {oi. 1779); 
Bev. Ralf^Clulton, Rector (o*. 17fll>i 
Rev. Ralph autton (his son), Rpclor 
(ob. 1772}: Harry Uorley (ob. 1660); 
Thomas Awcock (ob. 1736). ftclll; 
members of theWyatt family. 112, «< 
>eq. ! Mary Lnrford (ob. 1699), 113. 
HoRSTFD Ertkbs. Br Bess. T&i 
PiHiHH Bbotstbbh. Bxtbacts 
FROM. BTGramille l^veson Gower, 
F.S.A.. 1]4-120. ChristeninRB (from 
I63fl to 1792). 1U.110; Marriagea 
(I638-I7ri0\ 119.117; Burials (IttSS- 
1813), 117-130. 



fldcaby, Colonel, one of the C9 who signed llie dnatli Tt 



It of Charles I., 32. 
2 K 



JUTTT. 



[274] 



LBWXS. 



J. 



Jutty, the, reference to in Macbeth^ 40, note. 



K. 

Kneller, Sir Godfrey, married the granddaughter of Cawtey the Begicideb 83; mte. 



L. 



Laxman, William, by his will (1374) 
desires to be buried "before the 
imaffe of the Crucifix" in St. Pan- 
eras Church, Lewes, 86 and note. 

Leighton, Robert, Archbishop of Glas- 
gow (fib. 1684), inscription on altar 
tomb in Church of Horsted Keynes, 
110. 

Leper Hospital, near Chichester, en- 
dowed by Bishop Seffrid with lands 
at Col worth, 198. 

Lewes, Annals of, 73. 

Lbwbs,thb Architectural History 
OP the Cluniac Priory op St. 
Pancras, at. By W. H. St. John 
Hope, M.A., P.8.A., 71-106. The 
history clearly set forth by the 
founder ; history of first and second 
Charters, 71 ; extract from the foun- 
dation Charter by William de 
Warenne, 72-73; later history of 
Priory remarkably scanty ; sources of 
information ; difficulty of telling 
when Lewes is referred to ; the 
church and conventual buildings 
separately described; the documen- 
tary evidence relates principally to 
the church, 73; successive enlarge- 
ments of the monastery still trace- 
able ; first church of the Priory built 
of stone to replace wooden one; 
founder^s churcn probably rebuilt 
or enlarged by the second Earl 
Warenne ; probable date ; second en- 
largement of the church by the third 
Earl, 74 ; indefinite reconls ; bequest 
(in 1268) towards " finishing the two 
towers in the front of the church ; " 
suppression of the Priory (1537) ; the 
site granted to Thomas Cromwell; 
destruction of the church by " John 
Portinari ; " value of his letter in de- 
termining size of church, 75 ; copy 
of letter, 76; complete demolition 
of church ; discoveries in 1845; bones 

of William de Warenne and his wife 

found; Mr. Lower's description of 

discovery of graves, fou" »«». 



tiles, &c., 77-78 ; gromid plan by Mr. 
J. L. Parsons; msoovenes br Mr. 
John Blaker; Mr. Somera Clarke's 
plan of entire church; Portinari's 
measurements, 78; discovery of a 
corona of apsidal chapels; position 
of the sacristy and of the high altar; 
difficulty of harmonizing conflicting 
descriptions, 79 ; the " ryghte aide {* 
the transept; the nave; the piers, 
&c., 80; the arches formed as in 
Chichester Cathedral ; nave and choir 
originally covered with a flat wooden 
ceiling; height and position of 
'^stepil" or tower; its base still 
preserved; the ruins distorted and 
burnt, illustrating Portinari's account 
of the methods of destruction em- 
ployed, 81 ; description of ground 
plan of the church; beauty of the 
eastern part of it; the length 
identical with that of Lich£ld 
Cathedral; gradual growth of the 
building; its narrowness; reasons 
for this, 82; probable proportions of 
the church; the cloisters oblong; 
comparison with other Norman 
churches, 83 ; extension of the 
Mother Church of Cluny; selected 
probably as a model for Lewes ; the 
dedication of the enlarged Church 
of St. Pancras; reconsecration of 
" the Chapel of the Blessed Mary." 
probably at Lewes; proof of the 
existence of a Chapel of Our Lady 
at Lewes in 1375, and of a Chapel of 
St. Thomas the Martyr, 84 ; various 
references to the Church of St. Pan- 
cras; what was meant by the 
♦* front " of the church ; the altars in 
the church; a Lewes miracle in 1260, 
85; records of burials of distinguished 
persons in the Church of St. Pancras, 
86-87 and notes; French epitaph on 
John, seventh Earl de Warenne ; the 
conventual buildings not hitherto 
systenr 'lescribed, 87; the 

site undsrmf tSi as at 



LEWES. 



[ 276 ] 



3 Abbev; genenl urangonient 

of a Cluniac ikimus ; dauHmm (cloi»i> 
tert) ; oafiitulum (clmpUir Iiouw) ; 
eaie/actorium i di/nmtormm, ftc. ; re- 
/ectarium ^tnbir) ■. ovt/uina reffularit 
(tvfpjlBr kitvhen); aomut iiifirmo- 
rvm ; almonry; gue«t liuuBr'a ; 
tMkt>r]> : bTHWery ; aUbiintf, Ac, 88 ; 
the prior's lodging, tbnpe anU sizn of 
Ihectniaters; Ibv eeilarium ; datu uf 
tha enUrgement of Iha cloiBt*r8, 89 ; 
the oliapti-r house, ita aiie and dimcn- 
8ion«: tlieetlrsordinary collecliun of 
inteimeata discovered in 16ib; the 
cistaCDDtainiDgTtie bonea of William 
de Waieuae and Oundrsda ; iotcrip- 
tion ou the stone over (be founder's 
grave, 90; inscrJiition oD Oundrada's 
tomb; remainaot' aprior ; part of hJe 
cowl pKnerved; akelelon of^a gigantic 
maD; case coDtaiDing human vis- 

mi-nla by Binol'e Ump. Henry VIII., 
81 and aolesi auotalioa fruui Dalla- 
Tray aa lo emgiea iu Chichra'er 
Cathedral ; dlmenaioiie of ibe cliapl^r 
bouao : how the space wa» probably 
utiliaed, iiS 1 aslyiie; Uie ute of the 
talffaelfrium I d!meDBioD& of Ibe 
dormitorium I the ihmus nrrsMarur; 
S3; the gteat dra<u. and Iliu abburd 
■loriaa it has f(iven rise to ; the ru- 
feclorv dimensions; discovery of a 
door loading into the undercroft ; 
cveful preservation of tlie same, M ; 
a mysterious lunni;]. and its prosaic 
USD, i)6 ; the buttresses used to sup- 

Srt Ihit kitchen luft, the kilclitn 
elf swept away j Sir Wiiliam 
Burretl'a measursmeDts of the oven, 
ftc. (1772); none of the cellarers 
buttdinga left alwve ground ; a tv\f 
tragmenla of tlio inllrmary remain ; 
documHUtary rer»rtMice& to Ibe in- 
firmary : gradual enlarsement of the 
vliole conventual buildings (circa 
1146}; details, 9G; dimensions of a 
new building of two ttorieft, tlio 
unwr ODC, the dormitory, larger tliaii 
lUge dormitory at I'aolerliury; '' 
labia enlargement of the chaptiT 
_», kc, ST-KS; buttttwing the 
Ith end of the buildings ; a curious 
dn formedof sculptured alone; the 
.lehouse; the arches standing until 
..da century; south jambof the great 
■Jrdi ttill m tUu, ^ : description of 
the plans; further excavations deair- 
able, 100; Iranacripl from William 
in Warenne'a Second Cbirler, 10i>- 
lOi; extract Irom Charter of Wiliiani, 
Mcond Earl of Warenne, 1M-10<J; 



^^^jrcAal 
^■fioth 



extract from Charter of William.lhird 
Karl of Wareone, 105; erani of the 
site ol LewpH Piiory to Lord Crom- 
well, I0a.l06. 

Le'wes, ihu Battle of, 67, note. 

LsKKB, THB CABit-B OF. Bj Georgo 
T. Clark, 67-U8. Lewes claimed as 
a Celtic name, but on insufflcieot 
grouodsi British cntreDchmenla and 
tumuli in the neighbourhood ; the 
Church of St. John "iixb Castro;" 
probably occupies a Roman entrench- 
ment ; Lewes fitted by nature for a 
fortifledplace,&Tioo traces of British 
occupation; the existing earthwork 
of one dale and Saxon ; mode of 
defence adopted, 58i tbe.^urAof the 
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle ; pecaiitrity 
of the two mounds with a common 
court j believed to be (he most com- 
plete example of twin mouD'ls extant, 
an unique example on so grand a 
scale, and with each mound converted 
into a liurh ; airateglcal reaaona (or 
fortifying both mounds; mu»t have 
bton lielil by a powerful tribe, and 
converlfd into a Castle by a very 
great Baron ; co m men c meet ot its 
lien lustor)': the foundatioQ of 



the Lewes silver jienny, a recognised 
coin t population in the reign of the 
Confessor ; no mention ot the Caaile 
in Domesday; William de Warrea 
fortifies it with masonry; bis and 
hia aon's work still traceable, 60 : 
detailed description of the Castte i 
the southern mound ; the bat«ment 
laid upon the ground ; defects ot this 
method of construction ; the curtain 
walls; the Brackmount; remains, 
probably, of a shell of masonry there, 
eO: remains, possibly, of a postern; 
the ntain entrance; barbican, Gl ; 
portcullis; machiolations ; rare in- 
ternal wall; lurrets, drawbridge 
(sill of), 62; details of interior of 
Castle, 63 ; comparatively modem 
ad'iitions to structure ; baulk ot 
timber used asatie; retDuns of vast 
fire-place and chimney ; lean-lo roofs 
to lodgings in the keep; open court 
iu centre; no remains above ground 
of hall, chapel, garrison, &c. ; no 
well known of; a Norman vault, ita 
pmbabh) uie ; the building maieriala 
uwd iu the conetrucFion of the 
Castle; means ot delfrminiiig boun- 
daries of the wall of the enceinte 
where destroyed ; rarity of shell 
keeiia of Kormao masonry, Inteieal 



LEWES. 



[ 276 ] 



NAPPEft. 



of Lewes Ctstle on this acootmt, 
and in coneequenoe of the preserva- 
tion of the original eDt ranee, 65; j 
laoda in Lewes belonging to the ' 
EarU Warren before ttie Conquest; 
reasons for the special importance of 
Lewes; the first Earl, William of 
Warren, 66; the second Earl of 
Warren; subbequent owners of the 
Castle; the fortifications of Lewes; 
the Ordnance Survey, 67; manors 
attached to Lewes Castle, 68. 

LBWES CASTLB, bomb SUPPLSIOBN- 

TABY Notes on. By Somers Clarke, 
jun., F.S.A., 69-70. Description of 
excavations ; references to plan. 

Lewes Castle, excavations made at, in 
1884,69. 

Lewes Castle, peculiar loops in the 
turrets, 62. 

Lewes Castle, the barbican reputed to 
be the work of John de Warren 
(Plantagenet), 8th Earl (Jtemp, Ed. L), 
63. 

Lewes Castle, and Castle Acre, in 
Norfolk, compared, 59 et 8eq, 

Lewes Castle, no mention of in Domes- 
day, 59. 

Lewes Priory, the oven at, 96 and 
note, 

Lewes, its population in the time of 
the Confessor, 59. 

Lewes, the town of, walled as early 
as 1305, 67. 



Lewes, quotation by Dngdale of the 

inscription upon William de War 

renne's tomb, from the Missing 

Register, 90. 
Lewes Museum, example in, of a skillet 

with *'Fere God" inscribed on 

it, 56. 
Lewes, "a subterranean^ passage *' at, 

94. 
Lewes, ^ a mysterious tunnel " at, 95. 
Lewes, Medieval miracle at, 85. 
Lewes Priory, early Charters relating 

to, preserved at the Record Ofllce, 

4, note. 
Lewes Priory, list of extant charters 

given by Dugdale not exhaustive, 4. 
Lewes Priory, existing remains built of 

chalk, 42. 
Lewes Priory, enormous cruciform 

dove-cot at, 48, note. 
Liber Eliensis, the, extract from, 15. 
Lightmaker, Mr. Edward, of Broad- 
hurst, presents Communion plate to 

Church of Horsted Keynes (in 

1705). 118, note. 
Love, Mr. Nicholas, a friend of Cawley 

the Refficide, 81. 
Lower, Mr. M. A., his description of 

the discoveries at Lewes (1845), 77, 

etseg, 
Ltu'gasnall, inner hood to chimney 

corner at '* The Noah's Ark " at, 48. 



M. 



Mailing, foundation of a CJollege at, by 
Ceadwall, King of Wessex, 59. 

Manning, the Historian of Surrey, 
on the Grundreda controversy, 13, 

et sea, 
•• Medalina," an old-fashioned flower 

still found in Sussex gardens, 46. 
Mellent, Earl of, see Robert de BeUo- 

monte. 
Meulent, Count de, 122, note, 
"Michaelmas Silver," flourishing in 

Sussex gardens, probably brought 

from Pennsylvania or Ontario in the 

17th century, 46. 
Midhurst, cunous half-timbered house 

at, 40, note. 



" Monasticon," the, error in last edition, 
86, note, 

Moore, Mr. Giles, "Minester of ye 
Fish »' of Horsted Keynes (o*. 1679) ; 
a Sussex Diarist, record of the 
burial of, 117. 

Mortimer, Roger de, one of the wit- 
nesses to the original Confirmation 
and Deed of Gift of Lewes Priory, 
122 and note, 

Moryson, Richard. Was he '^Jobn 
Portinari?'' 75. 

" Mutuantonis," Lewes claimed as the 
probable site of ; reasons for dis- 
puting this claim, 57. 

Mutuantonis, see Anton, 



N. 



Nappeb, H. P., ON A BninsH Sbttlk- 

MENT BETWEEN LiNDFIELD AND 

HoBSTBP Keynes, 237-288; and on 



Additional Notes on "The Msa- 

6UBEMENT8 OF PtOLEMY AND OF 

THE Antonine Itinehasy." fiy 



27? 



■Oorfon M. HillB, Esq, ("S .A. C.," i 
nXl., 58 »nd 7S; XX3II., 216), 

"Neoicagiu," see Farley Heath. 
Hbvill. Raij»b,F.S.A.,"Somb Notes ; 

OPOH TDK ABCHITBCT0BK OF OTK- 
HALL, IN THE PARISH OF WlVKLS- 

rncLP, SuesKX." 266-2S7. 
Hew ShorehBm, see MorcAam. 
Ninaveh hoiUH, Arundel, built of ctistk 

f«cad with Bint, 43. I 

NiuUeld, iMOiu iiiBcriptioii an b house i 

B(. 66. , 

KomiRnrsullbeneatbMr, Lucu'tioLue I 

at Iiewes, G5. . 

NorUin. Sir Gregory, oceof tiie M.P.'s 

for Uidbunt, one of tbe Cammi»- 



eioDsrs at Uie tnal of Cbules I., 
32. 

Notes and Qukeibs, 2S8-264.— 1. 
Ktjmoloaj'of Byi-.^iiie. 2, Wimhiin; 
its ChurcTi, &c., -ibS. S. Su»a«z IroQ 
Viie Back, a&O. 4. "flumboo," an 
]8tb CuDtury drink, ibid. G. Hay- 
■nard's Uealh, 260-^1. 6. Removing 
B Mill Kntire, 261. 7. Discovery at 
£(1 burton, I'AiVi. 6. Dedication of New 
Shoreliam Church, '26'2. S). A List of 
Home Papers in the " Aichaeologia" 
relating ioSaiaa,i6id, 10. Arcliaeo- 
logioal DiscoTeriOB at Preatouvilla, 
Brigliion, 203. 11. Editor'fc Notice, 
StM. 

Hoviamagu«, Ke Oanhatton. 



OBiTCAar, we Ri-porl. 
Old Sarum.Bee Soihiudunnm. 
OrdericuB Vitalis, his uurelialility aa 

an bialorical authority, 3. 
Ordericufr Vitalia, paaMge in, relating 

to William de WatciuiB and Oun- 

dreda, 5-0 and nute. 
Otkhau, ii» iBK Parish of Wivkls- 

FIBLD, SVSaRX (SOMIS NOTBH UI'ON 

THR AncHiTECTVHB oFi. By Italph 
Novill, K.S.A., 205-7. House dates 
from close of lOlh century ijudiduus 
rutoration ; timber framing carefully 
designed and wrought, 255; descrip- 
tion ol the orimnaT and of Ibu new 
featuresi initials and datt^s on gable 
and Tudor Hre-placea; Oteliall a 
complete example of a small 17th 
century country house, 2^6-7. 

OVIHO, A UlSTOBV OF TBB PAKIBH 

OF. By iheEoT. H. M.Davey, M.A„ 
F.a.8., Vicar, \%^2li. Boundaries 
of the parish ; area and retital, IH6 ; 

g])iulaiiun: derivation of Ihc name 
ving : no specific mention of in 
Domesday ; the manor co-e»I*asive 
with ll)e parish <wiib eomti excep- 
tions), IS6; present annual value of 
property in tbt^ pariBli belonging lo 
the KccletiaBlical Lommitsioneis; 
the office of Frecenlor nf Chichesler 
Cathedral when eslabliehed by Baiph 
I, (l(K)l-II2a), endowed with manor, 
&,t., of (Jving ; details of endowment 
in I8U ; the Precentorship, value in 
1278; do. in 1635, 187 ; the Chantry 
of S. Pantaleon fee paid to )be 
Cbaplwn of tbe Chantry at the altar 

_.Oli Parliamentary iSurvey of Oving 

'*■- , ftc, (lM9)i leaaeee of the 



manor, &c., from lIHfl, 188 H Hf. ; 
the ancient Prebrndal House; the 
JUlHon family, IS^iexiracts from the 
Corporation Act Book ; do. from tbe 
Parish Rasters; IWetKq.; tba 
Prrccntorahip of Uring once worth 
£\,mi per annum, now merely 
honorary, 182; the Prebendal Ki>iat« 
of Colworlh, 192-193 ; the Prebendal 
SsUle of Woodborn, 183-196; Port- 
field, 106-1U7; the BeneHcoof Oving, 
1U7-1W); Oving aiurcb, Us date, 
Testoralion, ila urgent need of restor- 
ing, 200;the gallery of Oving Church 
with its grind organ ; discovery of 
tbe old altar slab, and its replace- 
ment on the s])ot it had occupied for 
330 years previously; particulars 
of allar slabs in tbe neigbbourinR 
churches of Tancmeie, Singleton, and 
Westdean; email aize of the altar 
fllone at Oving, indicating its belong- 
ing lo a siiie-altai or chapel; no 
traces of remains of chapel, 201 1 
mention of a cbaptl in a document 
<d8ie 1445); bequests to Oving 
Church lor mainininiug the Rood 
light and Beam light ; dedicalion of 
Cliurcb not known, 202 ; dimensions 
of (be Church ; tbe Kcgisfeis ; di»< 
pule as lo pews (in 1670), 203; 
sundry extracts from Registers, 204- 
SOb; tbe bells, 205 and tiotet; tbe 
lablelB, memorial of Thomas Cart 
ivb. 16S^). aconforming Vicar:mo- 
moriai of awonderful cbiJd,Ac., 206; 
the Churchyard, 207 ; memorial win- 
dows, 2U7-21KI ; I he Communion plate ; 



OVDTO. 



[ 278 ] 



BTEOATS. 



of gebertnu beqmits dedaied Toid 
UD&T Statutes of If ortnuin ; SchooU, 
211; iDcambents of Oring (list of 
from 12^ to present time); Pib- 
oentors, list of (from 1 120 to 1820), 
212; Plecentors (HoDoraiy), 213; 
list of names oocurring in parish 
Begi&ters from 1561-1600, 213-214. 
Oring, probably parcel of the Great 



Manor of Aldingbotonet in Saxon 
times, 186. 

Oring Cburcb, erected circa 1220, 
fotmdations of a Norman Church 
discovered in 1881, during the res- 
toration, 200. 

Oring Cliurch, probably dedicated to 
the Holy Trinity, 202. 



P. 



Pancraa, St, wooden church in honour 
of, at Lewes, 74. 

Pancras, 8t., Church of, at Lewes, 
dedicated by Bishop Balph of Ciur 
Chester, &c., 74. 

Pantaleon, St., Martyr, Patron Saint of . 
Physicians, the Chantry of, in C^i- ' 
Chester Cathedral, 188. 

" Parget " work not common in Sussex, 
40. 

Parham Houfie, built of chalk faced 
with 6tone, 42. 

Parsons, J. L., bis services to Archaeo- 
logy in making ground plan of dis- 
coveries at Lewes (1845), 78. 

Patching, Mr. E. C, discovery of bronze 
celts by, at Worthing, 216 and note, 

Peckbam, Elizabeth, a daughter of 
Cawley the Regicide, lesacv to, 24. 

Pelham, Peregrine, one of the Com- 
missioners at the trial of Charles I., 
82. 



Petworth, Moor Farm at, beautiful 

chimney-piece (date 1580), 49. 
Petworth, quaint wooden pigeon^onse 

at Burton Mill, near, 48. 
••Plunder," the word first used in 

England by the •• Sussex CSubmen,* 

29. 
Ponygg, Robert Lord de, possessed of 

the Manor of ••Hangilton" in 1412, 

169. 
Portinari, John, his letter to Thomas 

Oomwell, 76. 
Preston, William de, arranged Book of 

Charters of the Abbey of Bermondsey 

in 1363, 14 and note. 
Prior, the Rev. W. F., information as to 

the burial place of Cawley the Regi- 
cide, 35, note. 
Priory of St. Pancras, at Lewes, situated 

on an island, 88 and note. 
Pulborough, f ann at, arranged in French 

fashion, 4i3. 



Q. 



QusBiBS, 8ee " Notes and Queries." 



R. 



Ralph, Bishop of C^hichester, dedicates 

the Church of St. Pancras at Lewes, 

74. 
Reynolds' •' Antoninus," his location of 

Verlucio at Spy Park, Wilts, 251. 
•* Richard of CJirenceater," why held in 

slight esteem as an authority, 240. 
Roffey, external staircase to house at, 

46. 
Roman Britain, ancient map of, by 

Carolus Bertramus, dedicated to Dr. 

Stukeley, 1755, 241. 
Roman plHce-names, table of, 254. 
Rooke's Hill see St. Module HiU, and 

the Ttundle. 
Bowkeshill (see RocMi Hill), ** divers 



outrageous proceedings of 1,000 Club- 
men there '^ in 1645, 30. 
Rufus, Wm., sWled comes in the Confip- 

mation and Deed of Grant of Lewes 

Priory, 122. 
Rule, Martin, M.A., quotation from his 

•* Life and Times of St. Anselm," 4, 

et. eegu 
Rumboldswyke, legacy left to the poor 

of, by John Cawley, Mayor of 

Chichester (o5. 1621), 24. 
Rusper, external staircase to a house in 

Friday Street at, 46. 
Rye, its etymology, 268. 
Ryegate Castle, u)rmerly belonffinff to 

the De Warrens, 66. 



ST. ANDREW S 



[ 279 ] 



8t, Andrew's Church, Chichester, monu- 
ment, to John CawlBy, fathar of the 
Begicide, 24. 

fit, Anseljo'e letler to Henry I„ S, tt.*eq. 

St Anwlm, Archbishop of C«iiiMbury, 
extttKTt from his letter to Henry I., 



St. John, Dame Joan, buried in the 

Chapel of St. Mary, in Lewes Priory, 

1386, S(S. 
SI-. John, Sir Edward, hurieil in the 

Chapel of St. Martin, in Lewei lYiury, 

1341. ibid. 
Bt. Martin'6 Church, at Vnvcy, the 

buHal place of Cawley, BrouijIilOD, 

Love, an<I Ludlow, 36 and nott. 
St. Pancraa, Church of, at Lewes, the 

aame length aa LichAeld Cathedral, 

a2. 
St. Roche's Hill, see the TVundle, 
Saxon plac^nameB, table of, 264. 
Scotch windows in 1773. 46, tiote. 
Scnsoe, Richard (oA. 141)0), huriud at 

Weat Blatohington Church ; Vslet to 

the Crown (temp. Ed. IV.). probably 

fueutiaued in t^e Cowfold Church- 

wardens' Accounts, 174. 
Bekford, medieval chimney-piece at the 

Plough Inn. 49. 
" Stnlao." the battle of, so called instead 

of " Haslings ' on the sole authority 

of OrdericuB Vitatis, 3. 
Shafte&bury, whi-n young, originated 

the "Suwex Clubrot>n.'' 29. 
Sbates, Henry, parson of Hangleton 

(168!), ciirioua charges against, 17Ei. 
Shoreham (N«w), dedication of Church 

at, 262. 
Silchester, its curious position, in 

midRt of (he Roman Viaa, but not a 

Slaui;liaiii Place, circular ovens for 
CO II foe I i '.II" ry at, 48, nnte. 

Smilii, Mr Roach, his statement that 
"Rverv Slalioii which Ifads. and 
every Station which Icrmiualvs an 
Il«r, was walled," coiuidorec). 35^ 

Sorbiodunum, given in Wame's 
"AneieDl Dorset * ad the site of Old 
Sarum, 2fi(). 



StapIetoD, Ur., coo'rihution to Ih 
"Arohioologicftl Journal "on the Qui 
dreda conifoversy, 0. 



Slapley, Anthony, M.P. for Sussex 
(county), one of the Commisaionerb 
at the trial of Charles L, 32. 

Stopham Manor House, two^toried 
porch at, 44. 

Stnidwicke, Alice, adaugbtefot Cawley 
the Regicide, S4. 

Sussex, a Jutish setlled county, G7. 

Sussex Iron Fire Back. 259. 

SuHsei, the Visitation of, by Benolle, 
temp. Henry VIII., roles from, 61. 

Sussex men, seven, took part aa Com' 
' I the trial of Charles I., 



32. 

Si'HHKx Domestic AncsnKcrxms in 
ITS HcMDUXB Aspects. By J. Lewis 
Andrd, 39-66. Art in maoaiosa of 
the nobility foreign, but Enclish in 
dwellings of the middle and lower 
classes; timber erections in fotcst 
districta gradually succeeded by 
brick or stone, 39 ; limber uaod in 
Roman villas; construction of "hall- 
timbered" houses; "herring-bone" 
brickwork : jutties, Shakespeats's 
allusion to (.tee note) : houses with 
projecting stOT^vs, example of at 
Petwortb, 40; Continental timber- 
framing more decorated than EUig- 
liah; weather-tiling, why required: 
use of woo<l in Suawx; Iron and 
glass worka, a cause of scarcity of 
timber (Act to restrain cutting of 
timber for (f lass-making, in 16S4, 
lee note) ; bricks at flret uted for 
chimneys : ancient bricks different in 
»i»e and sh^pe. and differently laid ; 
revival of the oUj fsubiiin : bricks of 
the old pattern used in the new Law 
Courts 41 ; the brickwork al Laugh- 
ton Placf, ibid, note ; Sussex houses 
of sandstone, chalk, and stone ; roofs 
of "Horsham slates;" oak riiinRles 
and tilpe, 42 (and na/«i); carved 
barse-hoards:hippiNl-^blee;sleppe^ 
gables; "Susnes Chimneys," 43; 
various examples of chimneys ud 
chimney abafts at Hnr'ham, Bodlam 
Cast !«. and Slangliam Place; porcbea; 
door-waya and doors, 44; windowa, 
wooden sashe>s hung sasboa; curiotui 
esampleof 17tli-a!ntury ones at West 
flrinsttiad: ornamental 'lead castings; 
oritd windows, examples of at ITor- 
aham, Pittlewonh, and Rardham, 46 
(ami mrfM): ahnlters; external at«p- 
cases; IT(h-ceulurvgBrdms;fBnla>- 
tic yew and holly trees; poplari, 



SUSSEX. 



[ 280 ] 



WAE. 



their uae as landmarks; rustic 
scrapers, 46; stone footways and 
fences; moated and double-moated 
farm-houses; fish ponds; holly and 
yew, their antiseptic properties ; 
Tarious forms of farmhouses, ex- 
amples of at Wamham and Kother- 
field, 47; yews, why planted in 
churchyards, ibid, note ; arrangement 
of farm-buildings ; the doTe-cot ; 
f arm-kitohens ; chimney-comers, open 
to the sky or covered with an inner 
hood ; settles ; ovens, 48 (and notes) ; 
Sussex iron fire-backs ; andirons, 
brackets ; chimney-pieces at Seaford, 
Roffuy, East Maskells, Uck field, and 
Petwortb, 49 (and notes) ; stairs ; 
staircases, burglar-proof ones, ex- 
amples of, at East Maskells, Lindfield, 
Broadhurst, Horsted Keynes ; thin 
plastering on inside walls, example 
at Ck)wdray House ; panelling with 
** linen-fold" decoration, 50 (and 
notes) ; panelled room with ara- 
be^aues and carved cornices ; panel- 
work " a tenant's fixture ; " inner 
doors ; hinges ; stone " dumb por- 
ters ; '* stop-chamfered beams, 51 ; 



arrangement of boards in old floors, 
ibid, note; farm and town houses 
compared ; beautiful 18th-century 
iron work at Lindfield ; dispersion of 
quaint old furniture by auction sales; 
" bulbous-legged " tables ; ** joined 
stools;" carved chairs very few in 
number; dressers; cabinets with 
secret drawers, 63; "four-posters" 
or " bedsteddles ; ** valances ; quilts ; 
coffers, or chests; rushlights, 64; 
servants sleeping at foot of bed; 
chests mentioned in early wills, ibid, 
notes; directions for making rush- 
lights ; rush-holders; fondness of our 
ancestors for ornamenting articles of 
furniture; use of pious mottoes on 
articles of domestic use ; samplers, 
55; antiquity of the sentiments 
worked on some of these samplers, 
56. 

Sydlesham, legacy left to the poor of, 
by John Cawley (ob, 1621), 24. 

Sydney, Algernon, governor of Chi- 
chester, 31. 

Sykes, Dr., his contribution to " Notes 
and Queries" on the Gundreda con- 
troversy, 18, et seq. 



T. 



Tamesis, see Henley-or^Thames, 

Terra-cott« extensively used for orna- 
mental work in ancient Sussex archi- 
tecture, 41. 

Temple, James, M.P. for Bramber, one 
of the Commissioners at the trial of 
Charles I., 32. 

Temple, James, one of the Sequestrators 
for Sussex, ihid. 

Threshing with the flail, why still used, 
48. 



Thundersfield, mentioned by Kemble as 

a place where the Gemot was held, 

244. 
Tillington, two-storied porch at, 44. 
Tillington, good sandstone houses at, 

42. 
"Trimmen's" (near Paxhill), curious 

specimen of dove-cot at, 48, note. 
Trundle, the (above Goodwood), called 

also Rooke 8 or St. Roche's Hill, 29. 



V. 



Valerianus, small silver coins of, foimd 

at Hangleton, 167. 
Verlucio. see Spy Pari; Wilts, 
Vevey, St. Martin's Church, at, the 



burial-place of Cawley, Broughton, 

Love, and Ludlow, 36. 
Vindocladia, given in Wame's "Ancient 

Dorset " as the site of Cfussage, 260. 
Vindomis, see Windsor, 



w. 



Walkelin, Bisho]) of Winchester, assists 
at the dedication of the Church of 
St. Pancras at Lewes, 74. 

Walton in Norfolk, the manor of, given 



to the monks of St. Pancras by 
William the Conqueror, 16 and note. 
War, Earl De la, present owner of 
Lewes (^tle, 67. 



^^H [ 231 ] ^^^^1 


^TTMnlism, ils pliurch. tec, 258. 


bear arms ; not related to tbe White^^^ 


WmrTi.-n. Uii^ KatU of, lords of three 


of "Nordiamand Winchelsea : '* the 


Kngliah cmiIsa dating from b period 


Whites of Bignor, Wamham, Cow- 


long before file Normwi ConqueM, 


fold. Wooldringfotd. Ac, 129; alli- 


IW. 


aacea with SuMux and ot her familiea, 


W»feniw, Alicia, widow of tha aiilb 


130; extracts from Parish ReRisiers, 


Earl of, barieil Mora tbe Ugh alinr 


130-134 and notet ; exiracis from tha 


M Lew** Friory. 1^55,87. 


" Gentleman's Magazine." 131-6 ; 


WarwD, WiDiHTii, tbe wcond Eiirl (o6. 


Monumental inscriplionsin Cowfold, 


1135), fliii£lie<l the Norman dt-fences 


Croydon, Horsham, Stej-ning. Warn- 


of I^wea. 67. 


WarenncMaud. B-.-uond wita of William. 


&c., 135-138 and nolts: Absteacts 


fiflh Kwl of. "buried in the midat 


OP Wlixs of Samuel White, of Hot- 


of the Quire in Ihe Abbey of Lewea 


sham (proTed 1627). 138; Kichard 


before tho Uigh Altar." 1240, 87. 


White, of Hornham (proved 16*1), 


Vuenne. John, ihe lai.t E&rl of (ob. 


ibid.! Richard White. Ihe elder, of 


ISil), [irobablo diKorery of hi^ lomb 


'■ SreaningP " (proTud 1649-9) ; 
Matthew Wbile, ol Horsham (proved 


in tbe Cburch of St. Pancraa at 


Lewea, 66 and note. 


1666): Mary While, of St^yning 






Sum-y by William Eufus. 1087, 16. 
Warenne. Wlltiam de. extract from the 


of Matthew White (granled 1869-70), 
140; Abstract of the wiU of John 


Begifcler of Lewes Priory, 17, twfe. 


Higgenbottom, of Horsham (1680); 


TTarenne. Sir William de, buried at 


Administration of William Withen 




(granted 108l).iaiif.,- Adtoini^tration 


Canterburj- in 1286, 87 and no/A 
WarLne. Earl of, created Earl of Surrey 




by William Rufu^, 66. 


wUls of Matthew White, of Horsham 


Warwick, Earl of, eee Benrs/ de Belto- 


(proved 1703). HM42 and nota: 
of Richard White, of "Steyninge" 


mmte. 


Waters, Mr Gietter, his contributions 


(proved 1703), 142-143; of Thomaa 
White, of Shipl--y. dated 1717). 143: 
of Robert Alchome. of the parish of 


to the " Archie ological Journal " on 


the Oundreda controversy, 1. ef seq. 


West GHnstead, priesi'a hidins-plara 


St. Mary. Newington Bulls, Surrey 
(proved 1717.18); of Robert Michell. 
ot Petersfield. in the Couniy of 

aota; of Jane White, of Croydon 


over fln>-place. 4S-9, note. 


Whitk, Thb Family or, or Hon- 


SHAH. STKVNtNO. ShIPUIT, AND 


COWPOLD, Co. SlTMRS. OP MfH?HAM, 


Cboti>on, and Kb I o ate, Co. Sra- 


(proved 1731-2) ; Walter Bantelot, 
of Stopham (proved 1743-4) : Jane 


BRT, AND OP LONUON, WITH PBDI- 


OBKK. By 1(. Garraway Rice, 127- 


Wliite. latfl of Ilorsliain (proved 




1746), 145: of William White, of 


Horsham (dalpd 1768). 146-47; of 


Upwardfl of 300 years: "Hydierd 
Wbyto the el-ier-' (fib. 1551). pro- 


John Heathfleld. of Croydon (proved 
1776) ; of tha Rev. Thomas White, of 


gemior of ihe family ; his son Bichard 
(o4. l620)"anancitniHowaboulder'' 


Faccombe, in Ihe County of Soatb- 


amplon (proved 178«): of William 
White, of Cowfold (|)roved 1802). 


i<A. JfliO), founder of Ihe fortunes of 


tbe family a ■■ bUcksmilb." I27;bia 


147-48. Abstraitts of AKD Bx- 1 


1 Km Bichard nned for neglecting to 
^^^ke up hit kDighthood (nrai 1^) : 


TRACTS FBou Wills is which M 


MBMBBB9 OF THE WHITII FAMILY ^ 


^^BwSteptng branch of tlie family, 
^Hntr. Richard White, Altaumy." 


OP Horsham ahr mkntiosrd. Ex- H 


tract from the will of John Grom- ^1 


^^■nbkUy last male of that branch, 
^^HHtd ia SteyniiiBChurch, 1703: tbe 
^^^■ndan branch i Thomas While, of 


bridge, the elder, of Horsham (proved ^1 


1G21), 148; Abatracta of the will H 


of Frances Nash, of Horsham (proved ^H 


^^^■wnham, • sequnstralor of Iho 


1650-1), ibid.: of Matthew Tajlor. of ■ 




St. Mary, Newington Butts, Surrey H 


^^H| Km Thomaf, U.F. for Har»ham 


ftirored 1673), MSViO; of Thomaa H 
Brett, CO. Sussex (prove.1 I6ftj>), 151 j H 


^^^UnKbiafalliBT'ihr.'liin^-: hi» seal. 
^^^■j the Whilea of Uorsliam did not 


of WilUamPellatt.of London (proved H 


^^■cnv. 


■ 



WHITE. 



[ 282 ] 



TOEK. 



1700), ti^tti; extract from the will of 
Daniel Wight^ of London (proTed 
1704), ihid, ; abstract of the will of 
QeoTgQ Arnold, of Horsham (proved 
1722), 152 and note : extract from 
the will of Grace Filewood, of West- 
minster a>royed 1738), 152^ and 
notea, Mkmobanda bbspectino 
THE Family of Whitb of Hob- 
sham, 153-159; list of those who 
served as Churchwardens from 1615- 
89; as Surveyors of the Highways 
from 1618-42; as Overseers of the 
School from 1635-1694, page 153; 
extracts from the ChurchwardenflT 
Accounts of Horsham, from 1610- 
1700, 154-55; from the Poor-rate, 
Assessment, &c., 155-59; Pedigree of 
the White Family, 160-66. 
White, the Bev. Thomas, LL.B., Bector 
of Faccombe ipb, 1788), poetical 
epitaph upon tomb of, 136. 

WlLLINGDON, Co. SUSSBX, InSCSIP- 
TIONS TS THE CHUBCHYABD OF, 
TRANSCBIBBD BY AJLFBED BIDLBY 

Bax (May, 1884), 221-236. 
Windsor, supposed site of Vindomias 
252. 



WOBTHINO, AN ACCOUNT OP 

DiSCOVBBY OF BOMAN BbmAINS 

ON THB East Chbbswood Estate 
IN 1881. By Alexander Jam^ 
Fenton, 215-220. Destruction of 
Boman pottery by workmen, 215; 
discovery of cinerary urns, Samian 
ware, and of a sinele defaced brass 
coin ; position of the find ; near site 
where an urn containing bronze celts 
was formerly discovered (see note) ; 
probable existence of a Boman road 
leading to Cissbury Camp, 216; dis- 
covery of coins of Diocletian and 
Constantine near site of find, 1826-8 ; 
and of funeral vessels ; presumptive 
evidence of there havmg been a 
laijge number of interments in the 
neighbourhood ; discovery of ums 
and skeletons at Cissbury, 217; de- 
scription of ums, &:c, found at 
Worthing,in 1881,217-220; discovery 
of fragments of moulded Boman 
bricks, &c, on Chanctonbury, iind, 
Wyatt, Francis, Esq., of Tremans, 
Horsted Keynes {ob. 1723), for 
description of his house see 118, 
note. 



Y. 



Tork, the Duke of (afterwards James 
II.), granted William Cawley's 



estates when the Begidde 
attainted, 36. 



was 



!■■ 




3 bios om T«l«l aM2 

WBBWfVmMMt 



/ 






/ 
/ 

/ 



6918R? 



V