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Full text of "Sussex archaeological collections relating to the history and antiquities of the county"

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Qrr1}aro(o0<rnl Collrrtti)n» 



HISTORY AND AKTiQUlTlM 0* THt COT*'?' 



rin £nab 




TOl. . - 



~Vf<KT 



CEOk 





u 

i 3 






S 




SUSSEX 



Qrcljafologtral CoUffttoiifi, 



BlLATinO TO TBr 



HISTORY AND ANTIQUITIES OF THE COUNTY, 



n vuinin it 



Srtif Sufissfi Srdjarolositfil Socirtj, 




TOL. XIX. 
GEORGE P. BACON, 

HIGH BTR£BT, LEWES, 

juxxxr.Lxru. 






691837 

LB* El: 



CONTENTS, 



Annul Report '-....-....... ii, 

FinvioUl StataiDant ............ ^. 

Idit of Uamben ............. xid. 

Bal« of tho Bodaty > . - • . xii, 

L Tho Loflt Tuwna of Nortb«ja BQd Hydn^ffl. Bj the Rev Edv. Tubsbk^H A. 1 
9. On Bome OU Purochiol DociuDenU raUting to Lindfleld. Bj Makk Antont 

LovTBft, M^A., F,S.^ 84 

5. Notflfl on Worked Flintu^ foand in the D^igbboiiTliood of Hutlnes. Bj Dr. X- 

Wjlluu Wake Bmajlt, M.R.CF,, &o, BS 

4, Ottihall. Bjthe S^v. Edw. Tuhnba, U,A : . . 6i 

6- Fut and Le^ncl ooDCQmin)^ Harold- Bj the Rev. F, H^ Arnold^ LL-B. 7^ 

6. Notes □□ the FazdiIj of Whitfeld, or Whitfield, of the ooantie* of Northmn' 

bflrUDd and Soevex. Bj M&K£ AvToNr Lohir^ M,A ,, F.5.A. . . 88 

7. Bojolut Compoflitioiii id Sauet, dnrmg the CommonweaJth, By Williah 

DuRft*NT Coopia, E«i., F,B-A SI 

8. The PnnifthiiidDt of FreuiD;:f to Death atHunhem. Commiuiicftted bj Tiioa. 

HONTWOOD, Eaq. . . . . . . , , .,181 

9. Borne AcsoDnnt of Slindon Cliurch. Bj T. G. Jacrsok, Esq., Architect, 

FeUowof WidhaniColL.OioTi 135 

10. The Great George Inn, Patworth. By HooEuTua.NEa, Jnn., Esq. . , 134 

11. Oa % Fljring Viait of George PnAca of Wales to Ghichi^Hter, !a 1716. Bj the 

BcT. F. H. Abnolp, LL.B 145 

15. Aliens in Kjfl, t«np. Hear; VIU, By WtLUia Di;ERANT Cooper, Eaq-, 

F,e.A 149 

li- EJfhBo«d< in Sauei in l^thand ISthC^nturiei. BjtheBev-EDW.TuaNEB, 

M.A- 153 

14, Trial uid Eiecntion of Thomee, Lord Dacre, of HorBt-Moncem Caatle, for 

Unrdor, 33rd Henry Y111. By MibK Antony Lcheh, M.A., F.g.A . 170 

16. ThflTombof Biebard Burro in Sorapling Church, Bj Maek AMoHir Loweb, 

F.8J. ISO 

16. UoDomontal iDKriptiooe^ BiehopBtone. TrviKnbcdby HsNli Eimmoni, Eeq. ISS 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



1. Kemarkable Diecopery of Saion Coina at Washin^oo 189 

B. Tbe Hamper* of Wort'Tarring and Hurfltpierpoint . . , . , . 100 

a. The ISerpent of St- Leonard's Forest , . IHJ 

4, MoniuDental Inecription at Peris, to JohnCaryll <..... 191 

G. Qaarteting of Cade'i Adhvrcnta ,,..-.... ]^ 



X^aUi and Queria ContiMivi- 

PAQI. 

a. Gold CcHD foTind Lt Dakfl&ld IVS 

7- ViaiUtioa Bi>okn of Snucx 193 

8. Et«phen TinOf the LindfieU Ajitiqaarr ... , , . .195 

0. Andent Billet Ttmod naar Haatin^ . 195 

10. RomLn RamunH at TwiDabam .,....,... lUfi 

11, An Andetit Hastiugi Will lOG 

15. RoiD&D Bvmiuiu at Cbii:hPBtcT . , - . 197 

13. FrcuntaiaDti, Stc-i at Htutingo IDS 

I*. Will of Christian BUker of PortBlode 2A0 

16. lAf M&rriH^B at Gljndo ... ... , , . Sul 

10 EitrBcti from tbe JonrmJ of Thoa. Palmer of Bye BUS 

17 SiuHX Irnn-Worki Sm 

la. Taluatiou of Law« and PflFentrj BKp«i, 1049 SU7 

19. Crcttonden and Cronden S08 

SO. Roman Remnina .•-.--,..... 209 

ai. SoBMi 8alt- Works S09 

23. Formof lDdeutiir«bjPariHhOflic?rB, 1603 3119 

£3- Adam liittldtoQ 210 



ILLUSTRATIONS AND DIKECTIONS TO BINDER. 



FionTfSPiECE — HniiiB of Northeye Chapel ....•.., 

Cu¥«] Stone from Nortbeya ■>-.>...-<■ 5 
UaUioiu txtna ditto ...,......,..fi 

Mipof the Ijbertj of Ibe Blntca - to/act pa^e . 3i 

Worked Flmta foQDii near Haitingfl ..-■■., fojaee pagt ^ E>3 

Otflliall, BuHei ..-..> tofno^pagt . Gl 

Bocneii fVom tLo Bajreoi Tkpeatr; ..-.->. to/aa pnge - JB 

Portrait of Sir Th« Lonsford to/tree pofft ■ 1U5 

Blindon CLnroh. Ground Plan, ^. -...,., to/'ia/iiif^ . 127 

Morliet-PlaCBf Putwortli, t4Dip- Car- 1- ^ /ojhetpage . 131 

Nooki of Old Patirorth to face page , I4D 

Bnaki>t at PetwortL 144 



Tb« Etchloffof "Tho KnuckcT-Hola" belongg to VoL XVlII., and thonld fuo 
page ISO of that Tolnme, 

TV Binder should plaoe thit Plato ^fUr the Index. 



REPORT. 



:E pTTxprrity of tlia Suabcx Arx-Tumiloi^lcul ^HiiriMf r|iirfnf{ ttic |qhI; ypikr tau 

iBQlfarod iko dimtnutlnTi- Thu aoilI nnd anor^ naQeaaOirj far tho mniatDDaiiac of its 

reJI-buliiH have tx[jtij'[vnt;ed. it It luijwl, wt dnlfnc, oltlicr in thu BKoautlra or In 

iz htcrary depLkrlrnnut ; adiI aJUiou^h Lha nuiQ^iiir of TUembnre who haxa piisBod 

bvay diiriog tlitpvHod U cODBE^kralrle. there has becD amnrR tbau h)iw1 nunilHr of 

■vlmu'^^nn.^ to fill up thi3 viLf^uitleB, 

Ttiii genpral juldudI lUGnling for iJSAfi tonic plnos nnder Ibe pm1d«nfTrof J. A- 
HwEET. Enq-, High Wboriif of tliP County, at KafllbrmrTic, on Auifurt ICth- Tba 
abjecti visitod vera Lhu flue uM ijariali-thurch (kindly i^splnlrK^ bj 0. F, OFTAit- 
DSH-s Effj. ) ; tbo Enrly-Ea^ititi crjpt uiid4- the Lamb ffoL<il^ tha properlj of W. 
I4RVKT, B*q., F.S.A. ; mid CoTn[tbiu Ploce^ wliicti. wttli *tfl hwincirul p:fOUtid^ 
ll-llaBi^^ otilhit^ and KcLily-ooloiirad tapodLry, wna t1irot*ti Dp?Ti to tIpv, by 
tbe c»]irl€«y of F.J. HuwAKit, R'^q. ^^veral liiii^l>itAn£« of EurtxiurDfi exhibiU-d 
objects o£ BTiiiiiaity found in (liD lowtity. In Cdnacquence nf uiif4TOLnib1a 
lth«T, thf- nUi^ndnncc mii> mTi?h lo«q numeronf thsn uhiibK 
Thv aanuB,] taoftiat^ for the pruont year iBoppoinlcd to take place mt UidliLirBt, 
\mi Thundny, Au^fl tfth, U'h^n, by tlio kind perml^ilon of tds Bflrl of KoHr>ST, 
tlie mlna of the quix aL&tolj mnimiD of dvilriy w{]] be npeo to Ibe membcrBp 
rbv churthi^iifjr Enaoboitmci arid Alidhunt will nLvi b« i/iairtd. 

It ia tkfl wi^b of thu Editorial Cirmmittt'a that morg membem of Iho Bodety, 
oloriciU Bnil iny. HhrKiM rtt-njl ointrihntlnn^ to ihe " ArrhPfolc^cal Qdlcttiunii/* 
Ifl ao lack of luntcrifklf^ foi Lhu iflaqtmtion of tbe liiatory and ftuLiquItiaa of 
» Qonnly ^ but at pnieenl tlio work fnlld rnttif^r hflavily on the liAiid^ of a fev, 
idan IjjfuaLLip of ndiw hlood m the liLvrary dr^nu-tumat, from t'luiQ Ut time, ie oiubL 
rtfMirable, 

Svvcn] in1<?ntiti£ arcbicologica] ^liKovtriee have b«oti mode elnoe the publicti' 
m of the lart Tolum*. Soioo of ttiiwa ure mftntionfld la the prpwnt mluine, and 
icrawill bn more lulty dtUllml iu Ihb Ojtlecticiaji for 1803, eap4ciftl1y tltf EC' 
irkablQ and of SfiW penniflB of RowxEVt (he COMFflsson nod liAROLD at Wuh- 
ftori, aud fht^ rticunlEy diMlotcd mural pniclia^n in ritimirTon Cburoh. 

Tbc diiKinvijry of Anglt-Biixon mafonry in tho chnroh of Lur^iruliiUI. which ifl 
tirimd^r^)ingpf&iQrTntioiibyEtf.vurlli> iL^ctor, wlllpmbnUy befitlly e^ij^taiovdand 
Hbed in il fiit nn: v^iiun 4 ; du wril a|poa V017 nntu worthy colJeotioD of thirLcontli' 
century pottery lotdly brooghtlo 1 t|(hl at HorebaoiH by that Indi^tl^lile aaliquory, 
Ht. HOKTWOOP. 

In Mn?ii?ijueniw nf the uniform «iurtt»y of Lord Roullly, Master of the BoIIa 
glviog tbc ^Fcatflfit faoilEty of oeeesd lo the docamBatt under hia nan namflrouB 



X, REPORT. 

eEOsrptii of vbLch havtfenriohod the ■uooeHive, aail aspwEsllylha rvoent, VDlumea of 
the ColleoUoDS, it wu moved in coounittee by W. DuimiNT CooPBKt E«q,, and 
Mconded by tha Rev. W. de St. Cooex " That as completa a sot of thie Society's 
Tolumes Bfl oould be procured ^hnuld bo o^or&l to hia LonUhip, tor the uae of the 
Tcrarencfl [ibrary at tha Record Office." 

. Accordioglyt the Earl of Checieb^tee^ aa Presidoal of ths Society, wrote the 
following letter^ eipresaiva of the wieh of tho OomtnEttee : — 

" Stanmer, 

*'AprH22ad, 1867. 

" As Prveident of the Subkx Archzeolflgioni Society, I am 
defliT«d by (he Cotamittee (o reque«.t yoiir TjOntehlp'a acc^ptanco of auch volumen of 
oar publlcatbi]0 an are not already diatributed. for tho uso of literary cDquirers at 
the Public Record Office. 

^' The coDtributora to the^w vobunea imil Uie eiUtom bare derived ao much od- 
Tanti^a from tho facIlilicH alTordwl them by your LordAliip'B rcgulatiooR for acctpa 
to the Public Rccordi". that tlxe Society desire to expresa in this form their prateful 
Bensc of these obligationn, and. at (he aame time, to render available for refiTPnce 
to other literary etutlents and writera the many valuahie estracts from tho Records 
In your custody which an printed in our ColIeclEoDS. 

'■I have. &c„ 

(Signed), " Cuighestkb. 
" Tho IHght Hod. Lord Romilly, 
"Mafit«Tof thoRollA" 

To which the HasCor of the RoUb replied aa folLowa t— 

" Public Eecobd OFPrcB, 

"May 2nd, 1&G7. 

"Mt Loni>T 

" r have to acknowlc<brc, with much pleasure, the receipt of 
fifteen volumea of the publications of Die " SuaacT Archaeological Society." which 
that Society haa, through your Lordship, prcaentcd to the Public Record Office for 
the use of literary inijuirera. 

'^ I am very much gra^fied to think that the faciUtiea I have afforded to literary 
men for oonaulting the muniments under mj charge have met with the approv&l 
of the members of the learned and importaut Bocicty over which your Lordship 
pfttldes, 

" I have directed a letter of thanks to be forwarded to the Secretary o£ tho 



RKFORT. XI. 

Society; uid I haTO to reqnoet yoar Lordehip to &Ili>w mo to Bipreaa mj seiue of 
jour kladneaH In mAking tha cominimicatlOD to mfl» 

*' I havo tha honour to remain, 

" Your Lordnhip'i obediant Servantt 

" Ron ILLY. 
'* Tbe Right Honourable the Earl of CUchceler," 

It IB with very sincere regret that (ho Cotomittce have received the resigna- 
tJou of thfl honorary aecrelary^hip of R- W. Blen€OWE, Em^. The Com- 
mittee alone can feel to ita futi extent the Iorb vihich the Society haa thua ei- 
perienced; hut every member haa nitnesaed hia diligeDcefhis energy, his unwearied 
seal, at thv meetinge, in the volumes, and In tbe management of the Society. From 
its Ant formation Mr. Blencowe hoB lent hid moat valuaLile aid, and the Com- 
mittee hope that he may be long spared by Divine Providence to lend ihem hU 
counsel and eupport. 

In conclusion, the Society are bound to acknowledge the artistic Berrlcea of 
several membera and uthera in the illuatration of this volume ^ especially those of 
Me*«rs. Tiios, Rosd, T. G. Jackson, Evelyn U. Lowcft, and Dh. fiUART- To 
Mr. Sahuel EvEEiBQED, great thanka are due for his etchings, illustralira of 
Mr. ROQEB TuBNEB'a paper on " Old Petworth," 

WILLIAM POWfiLL, Hon. Boo. 
Barbican, MARK ANTONY LOWER, Cor. Bea 

Levea Castla 



ACCOUNT OP 

RECEIPTS AND PAYMENTS FOR 1866. 



BECETPTS. 






PAYMEin*S. 






£ A. 


A 


£ B. d. 


BaUncfl at Ti-rascrfir «, 


Jon 


1. 




Mr. Bacon's Pnotiuff— 


1866 - 




. 22' 3 


f> 


Vol- XVII - . . IGG 3 I 


Dividend on CodbdIa 




. I tU 


in 


Ditto, VoJ. XVIII - - - 1B4 13 10 


Balti of liooin - 




' U 


n 


LuipHTin^fl ' ■ > S5 14 Q 
Slumpi, Stutionery, & Sundry 


LiFa CompnaitiDDH - 




. V\ 111 





AnnoMl Bnbacripticins 




> £7."' »U 


(1 


I'riDtJnff - - - 24 4 4 
Clerk B Kuiary, ILy^an - - W lU 


Hire of Tent - 




3 A 


}U 










Eilituri Salary, l^y&LrS' - C9 10 










Annul Mni'tmE - - 16 iC tl 
U- Camjikin, Indm and Sim- 


















driL'fl llblri^and IHtiti) - - 20 15 11 










Bakuce 3U 13 4 




£521 IB 


I 


£521 19 1 



BECEIPTS. 



Balance Jmn. 1, 1B66 
Vintori to CaMle ' 
„ PrioTj - 

Bent, Pnory . 
IhiBto TnHnnf - 



CASTLE ACCOUNT. 



£ >, d. 

4U 8 Q 

87 1* tf 

2 10 d 

18 U 

10 10 fi 



£166 14 



PAYMENTS. 

£ B. d. 
Pettet, WajTf B and Coajmiaaion J)l 9 



Taies, Bated, &c. - 
Coab - - - 

Bent, IMory, 4 year 
B«iLt» Caatk, a jeara 



ID e U 

- G K 8 
-961 

- Itt 9 

- U3 10 

£1G5 14 



ESTIMATE OF ASSETS AND LIABILITIES. 

jANVAftT 1, isc;. 



ASSETS. 



Balance in band 



£ B. d. 
- SD la 4 



Arr^itrB of SubicnpticmB, £IE4 

EBtimatedtorcaliia ■ ' 50 
iDTCBted in CuoHti - . 132 15 11 

DiTtdenddae - . . . 1 tU lU 
Stock of Booka - . 109 

Uarqnee 50 

BenU doe - - - . 5 Ifi U 



£^^ 3 1 



LIABILITIES. 

£ B. d. 
Bcntfl duo, Priory, 3 Quflrten 24 
Caatle, 1 (Jnartflr , , - 
Hundrj AccounlB 
Kpphir of T<?ut . . _ 
Due to Trcaauror on Caillo 
Ac<x>aiit . . . . 
Balance 294 lA 6 



7 17 
39 U 
13 12 


4 

6 


10 19 


9 



£3S0 3 1 



P. DE PUTBON, 
JNO. C. LUCAS. 



1867, 



Sussex ^rdjacolosical ;^ociet8. 

Tha Bigbt Eanoanbta tha B^Uj or CELICUBSTKJI, Lord Liaattnubl ud Outoi Ect. 



The Di:iEB Gw Dtrrmamxt, K.Q. 
*ltu4 MAui:/(ii4GAifDtx 

Tho Eabl or SitEPriRLp 
TlioLi-iiiDB]*,iioi'i)FOxr(tBi>,F Jt,ri.,Pg i 

LoPtfTdLDfJT nf MAXAUIDE.KrE.firpl'.fi^A- 
Bight Hip. ilKrvjiY B. B^dsn, If.?, 

Hon. RdBfiifrCt hajn, T.S.A. 
Hon. Pkmct WrsDii**!, M.P. 
S'f -hiHt y. J*oi[.tAir, H^rl., V.RS.A. 
B[r Pesli BuEiOELi^ n:irl,, U,P. 
Sir TiiovAs MABTorf Wilu{>^j Bdrb. 

3ij EEtmt SLLJ3, K.ll, P.S.,&., F.S.A. 



ticitrqta : 
Tha Yciy Rot. iha D^av of OniclLK^TDa 
Tha V«DvnibIe Arehdeuioa Omrb 
ftt>T. J. C DUJ Nu w DQi) Bhuce, LL- D., F.3 .a . 
Ror. John Gi>Bi?4n, M.A. 
J, Ur Blkncowe, t]Bq., hC.A. 
JllKN M- CcuBKiTt fieq. 
Joii?' Qsoaau JDoDsnT<| Eag,, M.F< 

A.J.B£REaruKi}HuPK, Eu-.M^A-, D.C.L. 

KoflVRT Hehpt Huiist, Katy ^ M P. 
W. TOWNLEI MlTFlJUU, BmK, M-t. 
p. P, ILODElTSUh, Eflq., M.P. 

AlitortKLB Hjuauosh, M p. 
Wh, Tit>;Bhj., VP.a.A., PR 9-, M.P. 
ALDKiiT Wat, Eaq., St^, F-S.A„ 
WlLUA^ DubiUKTCooprh, lOiq., F.H A. 



Ca[ni9iMeE : 



Fbib. BAncnAiD, Esq ,, HoTL^tod FlncQ. 
C^pt. Ccmev, OiLHandJi, BlUIo, 
Bbt, W. de Gr. Okuis, Glioda 
BflT, O. EjiATiicir7r CAunaN, MjL 
KoBKBrCHAT'riAN, Esq. 
Rev. Owj- M, 0(}0J'&K> M^. 

ROBRhT Cllr>fltt(BT, Eaq- 

Baml. EiElLitifiD, £5q., tTokfielJ. 



Eav. B, B. Elluan. Borwiok. 

W. Haeyet, K«j., F.S.A. 

KhWAAu llurv^ET, fivi, 

Jaiiw OiiT I-ucifl, Esq.. F.3.A. 

R^vMl. A. M. LrTLE, M.A., Lewfll- 

Kfiv, R UE L'uihu^, H-A, 

6ir SiBDALn D, Stnrr, Bart-, F.B.A. 

Eo*. G. H, Whidb, M.A- 



Efrnflniie: Geo. lUoLiFfKUX, Req., QLd Rank, SmFonl. 
Sonnnufl SmcEaru = ^^li^ Eev. WiLLUOi Puvbll, NA., Nowick, Ddtfleld. 

MARh AirroNT Ijo^ee, Eait., M.A., F.S.A-, SeofWO, 



J. A. Glaoden, Ekl. PBttn>rtb 

W. BoBiEi, Esq., M,A„ e.L.&., Oo^-fuld 

Kev, Cah^t Bohheb, U.A.J UumtO'ifiF- 

pclnl; 
Oedbiib Sladk BcTi.R[tf E*i,, F,3.A,, Itj" 
Tboha« » lltASG, Kuq., m.lJ,, Uutktiotd 
n- CiHPiis, En\.. V.S^A.. HH, Pan Mill 
Rot, {J. A- C],flaiiM.>, 31.4,, Aiuliurlcj 
M». H. if, Em4UY, KftalboEuTia 
1. HiJVKLL. Esq., BrifflitiQ 
Geo. ELotVTin, ^^-t Amoild. 
TatiB. OOMItf DOD, Eu]., Honhun 



BaILCTAY fFllLLlL'^, Kil^^., Jtni^Mfin 

CT.kit^^^jPbimk t-^i. FaA-SnllcVfleld 

J. M, IlicuABPAuHf EjHi.tTiiDhri^lBQ WuIIb 

J. II. aaOKti*, Es^.,M.D., hlAittihiutud 

T. Rnss, Eft]., Umiunffs 

llE:^Kr SiMUQZiSt Bsq., Be&fbrd 

EoY- «- U, Wood*, M.A,, Shopwyk* 

HnoBS, Cliicfai^Bt'ir 
T. W. Wosj-on, Baq-, BrigUoa 



SoTioTiirp fnrnrdr nnh Tibra rin n- Jotipa Caopkb, Esq., RS.A., 
KlKh: Mr- Newu^d BtifWULfl, BarliiMiii, Lpwi-b. fti ■ffArtuin/^r.pniiflrfBiVjrJicriHi rMiifc^ii? 



gt™lja:s. 



iV.E— rtf • prwErcrf dtju/ioM F^fe Cimpmnrifr)!. 



AbbDbt, Hon, Ti. G. B-, KJObrook 
■Adair, Sir Hobi^rt SUaftu, Dart., Lundon 
Ade, Mr, J. 9.. Millim 1 Viurt 
Adtliv, Jobn, Enj , Kuj<liii^»D 
AiHT^arton^ Air. CbiWr, llEiaiiTi^ 
AllfrciE^, C' Eflq.» London 
Ana™vF, H. T. a., E«i,, TuabriJ«o Welta 
AJutintDprj Atrt , W&dhant 
APtpoll, Thiip., EBfj-, TTnr^rjnoDflPiii 

AnvllauJ, Mrs., Lowt^a 
AmlGTi, Mra^, Hursts JVrpoint 
Biwct^D, O- v., G>q., Lovbg 
•Bflcon, Eev. Ttomnj, Wijfgonholt 
BfibEf, J. B., Esq., Busted 
Be-nniiiti^T, Hr, Jo9,| UjLatiDKi 
BaukB, E. 5., Ki;'!-, Byo 
■Kniiki, Rtv. fi. W., Wurlh 
BatUr, Mr. Wm., WilUiigil^Ti 

TiMjcl^y. Xli^iijlfl. t^wj-t ^uyfiuld 
■RbrtUbt, Brian It., tfQ., FiuJoii Tlnri: 
BaTWfllI,BDv. A.F^.jJlaaEEmla-^ Hcnhi-n] 
BaiLiimi , Capt li. ESU Denhuut ff oifi^lk 
BalFOt Hr. Jri^.f Lewei 
Itutur, W,£, Keq., Linv« 

Bueloj, Rev. F, L., East Frsaton 
BoEittit?, A., K»q,, Si, Li'oitEkrJfl-oa-Sok 
Rpflrd, C, Ehu.» KiKtin^i-aii 
Bokr^lHiiB UiLtilil^ B^^ttia^dDan 
Beak, Rat. JaL,Mj(„ PKrUm 
BfldlWd, Be*. Cbu , H A., irorJ 
BcUiiuT, MiB., TuDbiidp^ WtUe 
BgllirBhtim, C.^ Eitq., ifrif^lktDfi 
B«Uiiiubani| bili:^^ ^., Hvo 
BicJdurpli, A, r; £qq,. KurloaPftrk 
Biffgi>} Aire. Artliur, l^rigblon 
Biabop* HJHA, HiLKkliarHL 
•BSd&iiw. W. e^ Eoq,, M-A, F,Ba-, 

'Bloauvr, Mra., Bfccltland 

Blnaun^, T, t^b. LL^nr, Enq-, BoDcUoDd 

BlapJen, J . A., Kflq . Pfttvorth 

BEakiitou, Eev. lUbt., Ashiiigtoa Uevtaty 
BlflTicione^ J. ti» l^mi-j HiTkijImni 
BlecLWfe, B. W., Enq.. M,A,» Tbu Hookt 
Bli»fcr, Eo>».rt, E*q A,1-B.A.| Eart- 

baomg, and FurniTati Inn 
BloiBm, Bev. J. Buuat^ D,D^ BoeAiae 
Blunt, F. B., E*),, Worth 
•Bnilaon, Sir John P,, BiUt, V.P-S.t 
BorrpT, RtT. Clitl'T H^ Hunt-PierpuiiLt 
Bnrreri W- Ehi.,M-A,, F,L,S„ OowfQld 
'BoTTPT, LindHtld, Bai-, Hontl«M 
Bo<vrlli-r» Cliku-tvif, Em^,. Rijii{:tiia 
Bi>iv]«ij Buv. P^ A., Siu^lctoD 
Boaa-U. H., Eaq., V/iabihi-iPiipli Gfrtn 
•Bi>iial. W. F„ iStq,, CLfwfiilJ 
Bortf .tacot, Emj., CO, GnLad Piundo, 

BfoilhT^utfl, Bh?. CL, Ckidjeil^r 



Brand, Bi(jlit lloq, tl-, M.F., Qlynde 
•BriJffor, Ed^DLtii KjmiaLitii, Swj., Loci' 

Bridp?*, ile*. A. IT^ Hitrsbatu 
BrifiikruQ-n, Rev, T,, Ro^irLbprooah 
Brnwn, Thn*, E*j.j RiU'kbflm liJJI 
BruWD, Aloj., Eih;,, Eaoi'bnnTiic Priory 
BfowBj Rev, Felix, M.A., Slopbam 
Brovn, J, E.^ Ebii., Shrirflham 
Bruwn, Ray, H^ M'A,, Pp?enwy 
*Bnico, Jnbo, Eh|.| P.S.A., l^ndon 
BrtiM, Hat. J. Cnllin^wooil, LLJ)^ 

F.S.A., NowcafftU-'On'Tyjio 
Book, Bay, W. E. M., So-fcrd 
nm^kdll, r.MBard, E*!-, MJ"-, rhioh^fltPT 
Burden, Un, CoUfurd, LorgiuluLI, FH' 

vortb 
Rrirnpltj Rnff. W,, MA , BmfrKVB 
■Burii'll, yir Parcj, ilart., MJ*., Went 

TluTTidl, [ji-iv Perpv,Kn(iiip,Wert Grinrtead 
Burrtl], Wullor W,, Bsq., Oskimdun 
Biipt, H^'tir* M,, E*it,, Laniioa 
Barttin^ Alfred, E*]., flt. 1iL«r>aard'B 
Qiirl^ii, Dtcimiu, Enq-, F.B.S,, F,B^» 

Bntdlifr, Mr. K., Lpirei 
Batler, G. Blad^. Efxrj., F-F^.A,, Bjft 
BycUB, ThoiDiLfl ti., Knj., >(.li.,UackllDld 
Dorropn, J. C, Ksq., Bri^htnn 
Cjbindenp Tbe MariiLLLfl, Bo-jba-iu 
Campion, Wm. Jrj Ssq^ IJflDHj 
CiLmiiion, Res, G IJnathirotfl, WivtmGiitoD 

Cudula, Uair. T. M., UoMoLd 
Carpenter, H-, Ebi^., London 
Carter, W, B3Qba.iii, Bh]», Alveratcke, 

CaM, Ser, 0. W,, Bittlo 
Catt, Ocvrgu, Esq,, BUbopqton 
Clatl, A. vSq , IjAwm 
Gayloy, Misu, Eiut GrinBtoad 
ObapmAii, R.I Esq., TnabnnJgo 
C-hoBan, Wr , Storringltkn 
Cliambwrs, G. F., Kbq., Eastbaurns 
nbjkLtield, E.. Ewi., bewat 
CbcaJo, Mr- AlcTandar, Ucli field 
•Chtptwrad, Tlia Bouh Miah Charley 

BofcbldDU 

GhLfL^tvrjThB Earl of, StUDEnpr 
CbicLostn, The Biibop at 
DhidLcdtu, Tbfl Bou of, F.B.S. 
Chipfaflgtar I.ilwiry Sndrty 
Cbicbciatdr LiLu rar^ Soat ly aud Madmzuca' 

InatLtato 
Cbriatiff, W. Ln-n^liam, Rmi[,, Glynd^ltoum 
Churi'liill, E., Bbi|-, TauLridEt Walli 
Clarify £Dj[iDrB, Eaq-, jr., LondoD 
Clarkflun, Hov. G. A., M-A., AuberLflj 
Clultoo, Rdbarl. Eaq., F*i|fa.te 
Ctutlc^D, Bcupy, Ka^'T Beigata 
Cohbftt, John M^ Ksfi 
*Co]a]iB(t(a-, ThD t^l of, KiibrDok 



I 



« 



SUSSEX ASCH^OLOGICAL SOCIETT. 






Cfitaj T. H,, Ksfi,, M.A., HartmH*. 

*Co]ai, J, H.C, lilnq., iCuthoni-iiH3 

Cooko, R*».Tlir»., U.A.. BriFhti^n 

Oooke, S, W., Ss^,, KuuBiaijtuD 

Cuopar, W. DarriLuC, Eau.,F.i^,A.F, Loudan 

Cnoppr, M™. W- H,, nnVhton 

Coop*r, Rrv^ G. MjJhi, M^.^ Wilmo^D 

CoDpar^ Jowpli, K*q-, KS A , Ldwob 

Cckppfcftlj Thi^., EflTi., liUnj'burHt 

OurulfanuiU^ Rov, Tullir, WuIIUauutow 

Cotirthopc, G- C, Ei^,, Wbili^U 

Crak^ A-, Kh|.» Ht-itflitua 

Orippn, R. M.. E34., NcviugtoD 

CroM, Jr 9,, Eti^-T ilriylitoij 

CrojMkftj, Wia., Rhci., LewffB 

Croaikej, ]lu[*L'rl, baq., LflHBfl 

CorLng, Un., IfEiutboiirao 

•Curling, Gno,, F.*i., Cwiydiin 

Onrrer, K^ G^t Biiir MciUjuk D<.-uni-rv 

Cvtoi^ H. MvtB^, iCiMj., WtuLLiDill kill 

Corteid, "MJijnr, T.e.n«ini 

"OnraDo, Ulni, Uubb-, Piu-bum Park 

l>»iiilrj. A., Bflq-, PuIwotO] 

D'AJbioc, Mb] or, Bri^hloD 

DftJby, Mr. C, BtbraTnif 

DftlryrDplu, C, £,, Saq., BlsalLbarn, 

D&rbj, Gecivc, Qh|.| JoDf, Warbl«LoD 
DubwaOfl. Rav- Li. U., -S(ok RirLlolpb 
V^ttj, Mr. JcHepb, Li^W[>fl 
DAtvy> H, W, U.. Eri., WortbiHj; 
Dil''it>a, WnrLnrT'Dii, li-BQ^. J^LindoD 
DiTiea, Uair>r-G*>n<9r4] r-t DjLri4>burBt 
JHtih, Bthul, E-'n|'» DunGborat 
Dt/f Ji^hn, ^ft-, U>'k1i«l<l Hoeim 

De la Wirr, Ear], lincklmrrt 
UcL*Di, Mr, VV,. TnabnJffo Well> 
DelTPf, T. H., Mr,, Tuu^ridfe Weill 
l>(JvP»,ilr.Wm. llinry. TrnbriJ™ WelL. 
Datiman, U^n, RI-'Iieii-'I, F'utwurlh 
BpiiBFtt, W- R., E*^., WurLbiiiLT 
]>tfaiii>,Bu'^ B- N'lJU'A., EadtQlAkbinK- 

tOD 

Da Fntron, Bt)P. Ft'ivr. UJi , EcdnieU 
Dfl»cin»h]r.\ Tb".- Duko of, ICG. 
BicUibd, Cr r^ifaao, Efkit, Cojilbur-st 
Dlokiimon, Mri., HiLrBL-riL'rpniiLt 
•I>ilke, tilt G. W., Baft., F.y.A., Slovifi 

Dilke. W-, Knq., ObicheHter 

DJiuti, Hi'iixir, Bfr-j,, ElVaiikliaia 

Ihijn, Rdv, 11, M.A, h'ljrriuiT Vioanigo 

iKimi^ Misa, Wi*<:lali"lil 
Duilfl-jD, J- t;. Eci^, Ml^CotiOTbDrmigL 
DcwbIoi, R^Kv. ^tiLir, M.aI. j^sbliuif 
Dnke, Cujiiiamaacrj T. G-, R.N., Cow^ 

Drufcflrof 1. r>nci(l, Eir|., Ttrookffiile.Crmwley 
l>riiwilT. K"ln'rl l>ii"trL'yi E-^,, TVpiwring 
Dun.brell, Mi- Jnnu*. DilcliU'iij 

E«>Jl0, Bctf. K-, Af^-i Soutli DcnteJ 



Earp, Fpj>Jk-, Baq., arigbton 
•Sd<!a, R«v. AitUur. W^-, TiuallTirHt 
EJmnH'J'j, JCii-bardT E*!., Worthitig 
Kd^ttPild, 'J'. DjtfF, £h^ , Hidtf Park 

Otte, LuuiI'iD 
EUirHt, Rn^Lart, Em„ F.3,A-, Chitbeaber 
ElJioir, Mr. (tobi-pf. AubFord 
Bllu, Sir Ileurj, It.ll., F,B.S„ F.S.A, 

E11ii» Jcseph, Ean. 

BUii, W- Sinith, Ew., Hjdo Crofl, Cfawloy 
EUmK]i,KoT, E.B.,U.A,,Runnak Bottorj 
ElliDftTi, FriNj , Ebc]., ftKttle 
KliuHleyi Ur., LswBB 

KIpliinBloDP, Howaj-d, W- Esq., fit, Leoa- 
iir'L<>r>n-KA4 

BantiHl W. P., El,|.. DflVtT 

Klwood, Mm., Cliiy!.>ii Priiipy 
EraflTy, Mr. H. Milbir, HiuitboTiinfl 
StuoO'. Albi'rt, Bf']., I!rvi1.iii^ 
■Evbft«, TJiniflLifl, Kaq., Lyvnnat-it 

EiVLirvtt, Di'mainin G^, Eaq^, DitcUlin^ 
■Etfu»Bbod, &vfli]. Enq., Dikfli'lJ 
RyTnn, J. WnlirfT R-, Ewk,F,S,A., Lonilflii 
E\ijr]H9p Rev. !^i.-]:ttijiius, M,Ad. LursuLbll 
Filth com ba, Air. >loik*pbj Lcwdb 
FiLTiie^ W., Esq,, Ltwti 
FebTOD- Johji Peter, EBq., Limdan 
F^cM.G^rpo, B»j., Aalinrit Pu-k 
Fif'M, Jn.,EF*q., [XimdeDpTuiihrid^ Wellfl 
Pii-ldur, Gpir,, Efi^r, Enrlbibin 
i-'iflbi.T, ttii'harl, Emi., MKihnriit 
Fira-licrald, John P., Kai^.^ S^'ufLirvj 
FitA'Ofriild, Mu.urice Purot'U, Ehj., Pdd- 

Fjtibajr!!, ^^v. W- A„ M.A , Stwat 
FiU1ji*k1i, W. R., K-^^., LWoh 
•fii.'ti'hiT, Jubh CliArl.?!. Eif^-, Dile Pork 
Forter, Ri>7. H., M.A., Sobpy 
Forfpr. TitT, at,, if.A., B^irph»Tn 
Voilw, Rotf. J. S., It A., W J ^outlaid 
Fowler. Rdt. — j^M.A, F.SA. 
■FojBter, Rer- H' B., M.A., Hutinga 
•F-.jHtsr, Rur. G, A., M.A., ILiFliiiga 
■Friinka, A- W.. Eiiq., F.a.A,, Rrit. 

UuneDiii 
•Fri>oliin'i, liamphrorW., EBq.jChirborfoT 
FrrqlifldO, Edwio, E!a|,, Book BuEldinga, 

t'ri'wen, Tlinmna. R*q., BriekwiR 

Giipp, Hcu. Col, Firlo 

GiUnrtT'iTtl, Jnn.^ Ki^., FirigbtDD 

GturufrrTd. Mia, Bnffljluu 

Ge!l, luig*', Ekj-, Lewea 

Ginnur. WllL, hsc]-, Hiulingfl 

GitJlcx^p ButAiiixl, Em]., Lui^lisido, Laveo 

Giinloii, Ur4-, HandcnT'sB 

<Jormg, It^v. JobUj M.A., WistaTi Pupt 

tiarriug, Mts. E. B-, Seaford 

Guulty, H. U- Kflq., RriflbtoQ 

Gowor, (i, L,j B».|., TiLa»y Pitt, Snrrar 
GraLani) J,, Eiq., Ea?ttn>nni(' 
'GrV-Titkium, Creii.^ Evjr, HBrdmnlw Pbicfl 
Gravely, llli-Llll'il. Enq-, Isnwick 
Qnvelj, TbobiiiH) Ehl-, Cowfcld 



XIV 



SUSSEX ARCH^OLOGICAL SOCrKTY- 



Qrifti dm, Tt^T. J, , Jf . A... En ffht4ip C-oll*Be 
GiiffitLfl, Huml., l4q., WriicbatHA 
Gr;ffitl>B, R.. Epo., SDoTird 
nrihenihoD^ W.G., Bfti., Ijmdrni 
•llaiert, Up*. E. C-, W^^iiuioi^itc 
Hail, J, R , Eaq^ Bcnlicli 

•HiJjTirDgtoD, Mr"-, Hnrst-FiOTpoint 
Hnrria, W,, E«j^ WjitljLiiK 
Hsfrit, H, IC,, £^q., Br!ffi>toii 

Hitrriboa, Q- ^}., Epcj., CuEjkGi.'li] 
Hurt, W. H., Efq,. F-S.A,, Bln'sthflin 
HflTTpy, Williara, E*! , F.S.A., Lewes 
HuriLiud, B^i- 0. E,, M,A., WaiUdtoa 
HuwtU, R."- W. n„ M,A-, Sla^ghia. 
*1Ijkibke9, 'HiaQthj, Ktui-^ BLmiiDifliEun 
^HanldnBf B-f'. It., M A., LiLiubiTrLuFat 
■HjkHkLn*, J- l[<ijvood, £h[-, Ui^or 

l-aifc 
Hat^tiiu, I^T, H., M.A 1 Tlaj-wArdf QeikbL 
Hnwtinfl, EiL, Esq,, I^oii'lcni 
Huj<I<m, Rrik-, W^ MiJhunrt 
nnjT.:j, Rtfv. J. riuiTtll, M.A„ BrLRhllinfi 
Uajloj, [t&v.Kiirr>?ll,M A.^CutBliuM 
Bead, Mr- J., I#ewe« 
H«Bd| Joha Merrick, Emi't RaigobQ 
Benry^ CAptain Jama«, lllaclalo^m 
Rcaty, Mrn, Uiiorg'i', LliichedUT 
HtThura, R-.ir- F, R., H,A., CKailcj 
■ffi-pbrim, Jamea, Ej*!.. Mfiulpt4jm» 
•Heateth, RuhL, E*i., RH.fl,, LoQiltm 
lEcik^li, JiLD , E9ii.|IIi>ka*"'<iod,TitDbri«l|^ 

•Haweti,, Rflr. J. W., Tutbury, BurtoD-on- 

Teent 
Hibbefd, Ht,, Kaq., Tnnbridae W*H||a 
■mil, CbuB,, fifl.|„ F.BA,, West flcXJdy 
Eill, Ur. John, Unr.^alii^ld 
Bitlmuij EJ^:iri), Ebi]., Li>voi 
Hilbj Gordyn M.. Knq-, L'^ndnn 
Eoarojlt:^. H-H- W.A.^ Cuudob, Fr, 
Hoare, Kflv. W. ii Cmwlty 
Eodflciii, J,, E»4,, tSJjclk'je, Tjbi%i.« 
HcdgMH, Ret. J- F-. U^A, Hor?1kiiDL 
BolltMhy, Mr- H., Tiinlmdmi W^lli 
EoUikiid, JUt- T. A-, M.A , FLPriuDKa 
HdUuid, Rcy. CliMfl,, Potwikrtl. 
Hnlkod, Jji*., Ri^., Hjiit Tiwlc Terrace 

£nU{at, MioJi, Midhorab 

HoliDiLiij Henry, b^n. V.stBt Hriihly 

HolEDea, E. C, Khi-, BrodEQuli], Aroadel 

B>il(Dflfi, O. P^ Bftq,, Afnndfll 
flonjVM^, TiiM,, Eiq., C.H.O.F.B., 

Hurilmiij 
•Horie, A, J. Crreffdnl, Kihi-, I.L,T>,, 

ll.O.L^ F,H.A., i/l.i:, Bedfjbtirr Pnrli 
Horer, Mrs. J,, ShimnftUborj 
Kopfr» B* E^-i l.awca 
Howell, JamyB. Ek]., itri^hton 
Riibb!ir(\ W, E.. Ek^., UorHlmm 
BiJtrgFtt, T1i«., ^fcthmli^«' Inntrtut* 

FTduI, Mrs,, Dtnuli St., Inundon 
BuQt, tiemard liup^'j, Knj., Lqwpo 



Hnnrt^ Robert Henry, Eiq., M.P., Biw- 

Uueq&j, ItHlHard, Eiq^, Seotnof Ciutlfl 

•HnsMj, E, L., Eflq., Oxford 

nuflBi-;Ti R- t?'i ^W^, F,6.A.f Irimdi^j] 

liikiL<liiiiif<3D, lU-v- Thitu^, M-A-, Oitji LKii p 

Ingnaa. Mm,, Aibci^mbo 

IiLrram, Rcv- E. U., tJLJi., Woatmiaitor 

li^^Lm, Mrs, Bd^Ii, ST.tTniui; 
iDgram, Joa., Bbi|., Oli&llcj 
Lo^TAni^ Johii, Esqr, Sttrynul^ 
JiL4^k^m, MiflS, Unt'liti'iti 
J&tfVrj, Mr. II., juii., Lowfi 
Jahoion, Edw. W., t-*n-, (JLivh^Hter 
JoUnion, R«v. B, Lutliuan, M.A^t GtiLdor- 
Ii4i HuLiae 

JijDfj» R«v. W. B. McttTflin-m-Loiifdalfl 

Viioraee, Cb^aliire 
J,>m'(i, Jfiliu. Eh],, FleU;li»ntf 
KetLol, II., EiKj., CjLmtorwpU 
Kiii^H Joscpli^ l'-^^^} Fiuftbiirf Ciram 
King, Wra. Jiicfh, FiTiflbiir5 GirctiB 
Kinjf, Eav J. C, M.A,, Burj 
"RJng, LlcDrT.tEni.,LDWDd«fldl., LQadaa 
Kirb;, Mr* W«l HotJdt 
Kntftt, G., Eaij,, CucHold 
IiUdhf?, Br. Kiultutdf Ll'vui 
TjdDQ, U0IJT7O.J Eau-, Uiddlefon 
Latrolic, C, T„ Esq, C,B-» F.B.G.S , 

('Upliarb 
■[.nun** P. N , Ewij.. Pnihm Fflrlc 
Lnw, W- J-, Ebij,, Ldnilnn 
LnwTCnCii, Joini'8, K*q., Dattlo 
I-niTTpiK^'' flhiirli^Hi Ea| Unltlf 
IiLDcb, MiAi, ClBiiliatu, Surrvy 
Jieggc, lU'V. ll.t M,A, , DiviLaL 
l.fnpy, E-, Fflq., Pidflin^.ini 
Lu^ifi» Mia., Vitui Huil, Aburdcan 
I.cfllit^r CdI. K. B^ SLudcn 
J.efllie, C. H-, Epq,, SHndoa 
I.uwcH LilTBTV Society 
•Lo«iri,ThiiTDM,EBq.,Ifi^ld M,A-,F-S.A< 
Jjcy, H*T. J(ihn» M.A., W'dlrJmn Eeotorj 
Lialer, Ivha. Esij,, Wiu'niiiKb'l 
Lillf, n<iv. (!. A M., M,A,, Lowoi 
[Joyd, [,inii1..rE-il- fi. Jl. Cnrr, LAJiring 
•Lo&xk,&irCliiir;Hi, ilart.,M,D., London 
LurdOD CorpOTntiot Librury Ootomiltfla 
Ijnug, — , Ei(| , fifllnharirt. 
Lihuf, MibB Tvlney. Buluey 
Litit|r, Mi"H Einma TjlofTi B^lnpy 
Longcrpft, CJ^^mn, Ffnvnnt 
LuDDa, Jnlm Cby, B*i.f F.3J-, Levtei 
LuiFtitdj J. Q., Esq., HibI"^^ 
LiixfriH, Hot. (L d, M_A, FelpJiam 

Jfibcrly^ Ri?v. T. A„ M.A,, CiicJifield 
Bfnr-AJ.im, Mnjnr, C'adrfit'ld 
McK^iifTOiiUiir, B<:¥. J- OiumuLcj, H,An 

Kiilliurhrt 
■Mn^tiTilflj, D., Eflq^ PoUQtsliielda 
Tkfr'Qiiireu, Gtiueml, (Juiiturbury 
McQiiL'en, J. R. Eeq-, Cboilcy 
Mierjip, J.. E&i]r, In'Wi'R 
Miixtby. Lit.'ut..Cc)-, EuDlbniinia 
JMfl.rtbflnt| W. T,, Eiq,, Lniinlrin 
IUiLT>jh.it1, E. J., kitt]., BngbUin 



SUSSEX ARCH^OLOOlCAt fiOClETT. 



XV 



Xsvtinvdti, Mn.PliJIip, Fairli^lit 
Hllidd, Urt. W- H., Amnil^l 

HodowHi G^'4r-, B^-1 lliki tint's 

ValviUv, UiaSi ll^rili?1d Loil^ 
MHTffteld^P., Rk\., BrigLtoD 

MitdieLl, W, W-, E^,, Anindal 
Mjtfki^II, Bfiv, F-, H.A., P.S.A,, RnahfUd 
Vjllf, A. J. M,, EiH]., Tuitin^Jii Houdd 
Miotj, B, G. P-» Ebci,, PctiTflflold 
Uitford, W. T**iilfy, Kfti,, M,P., PitJ 

Volyneni, Hon, KrancKi G-. l^inbr. WelUi 

Uouk. Mrw., St- Aqu'ii, Li?wt>B 

Mttitk, ThosTEiq., LowoH 

Urrr^ia, W., K*|., TTnklipld 

SEorriU, Hltii, JLrig'biifiD. 

K^W. Hen. J. a., M^.j Old Bhofpham 

Nipier, BcT- a W. A., M A., Wiiloa 

UapptfT, II. F,. E*t., Oiiiiafuri 

}Juh, A. G,, Edq-, Baiir>gliiill t4t., Ldq- 

don 
NrriUo, Lodj DurolliT, PcWrraJiQld 
Nifwnrufi, Xra- F, Q,, BurUn-LklimcF, 

Nntlh arnfitonali iro 
lffH(^,ia. J,, JnD,, Esq,, 11or1<Tr 
NiiiliiilBf loha tiaughi Etfij., F.S,A,^ 

l^ivJiAlfl, UtT- U^, M.A., Madi'lDTflL 

ikn, Mr- J.,CluiIdint;!r 
„^Us Cmpt-, Fore*l Lodge, Mudh- 

T?DLi, Cajil-, lt.N„ L^n^ee 
Wgurso, W.K, C, Gi"i.i ftrigSiti^B 
OTE-lLTtT, itev. T. U., M.A., Ciipdl 
Otdli^K, W,, B*i , HrJB-litJjii 
i^inr, Mm- W-» E^lljudraa 

pr. VcQ, Arrliil^'ticon, U'Jivfipld 
i»rj, FwOcnt, E*i-f Tr.S-A., Londrm 
ftiAL Tfce BibW of, P.R.8,, r.S^A. 
if, Mr-T., BrtEhtcn 

Ooriialiiia, Eb^-, jnn-, t4iiT>biLaa 

Pii™, W. D., Esq., Rtioato 
PtfpiUija, T., Gflq. CrtiwhiLFBt P*rlc 
Panii» G, de> Ejiq^, Brictituu 
Parrinjjti^fi, IW- M-, U-A., diioboaicr 
EmMtmt, J- L-, ileq . LeH>-« 

HL'QTf, ti&|., Wu*lJunu 

Htl^ El ^^l-. Vi.lillLiTumplBjLoQdaQ 
,j1p7, U., Bbij, Briglitofl 
tlt'y, lU^T. IIt M.A. Wlltflin^on 

aii^liS J'ibu, Em]., tlL»aUii^ 

•r^xaL Kfr. a. W . M-A., EnJllwtima 
tiprtt, fiav Frande AUtu, M,A.| WurtU" 

iHJiitfloh, B^v. C, M.A.. Cbipliorter 
icF. J,.CflTcy, Eaii-4 lioildlULia 




•PitDMin, Hot. T., M.A,, EjiFitbonmo 

Plucltnutt, aDf.W„MA.Ib)rdted Kcjae* 
PolcbimptoDi ]lcv. Kh, M.A,, Hnrtfield 

Pywfll, lUv.T. Bfldtn, U.A.. Tffwick 
Poi-cll, Rl'v. WllUm, M,A, Ns-ri^Jt 
POKell, Jaln^S D^ E«j, Newii-k 
Funell, CburleD, Eeg., arx^ldliuriit 
Po>*oU, Rfl^, Ricbmonil.M A-, S^tatb Stota 
Ponfpil, J. C, Em., Wartbothlj 
Prim, J<jhii E., Snq., Lu^duu 
PriQc?, C- L,, Eh|., Qekfiuld 
Pntlinff^ir, Mr. E., T*i"WHfl 

Smuliii, tlov. G. St,| nflatjngii 
n^lri'Q, Ure., Ifnrd Mannr 
KmniqlvithATn, Jj&miip, E^tq., Cpiw>i>rOBBll 
Hiuidikl], Kuv. TX-, M.A,, GraJTIiiiu 
Rnppr, R. G.. Eaq., C'lutboiltP 
Hnwdon, M™., Bnth 
Rfiisliaiir, T. U, E«., DnjwiLrJfl Untb 
Ri^l.rirdBJD, J. M.. Eflq., Tflubfi.lff- WolU 
Ru'hunlBoii, J. M., Jniip., Rsq-j TunbridffB 

Welk 
Rii^kuLLu, John, Kaq., Brighton 
llii'liiiian, E. P., Run., [-^wflft 
RiJilUIls Ru*, R„ M a., Tilt^rton 
Roborts.)Ti, Piiljii'tF.,Esy-,ll.P>Hii»luiga 
•Rob.^rts.iTi RfV. Dwip, M. A- 
B(>berla<iTii Ur, Ty]i:khwl,r[iLy^-ardjlIeatli 
UntiinaoE, A., E»q-, LuTunt Ejouiw. 
RtJOk. JarD<>Fi, EiTi.H HiLBtin^^ 
Rdkctb, Df. tl-t Eiiai GrinBteftd 
RoHflBloii, Mi^T BonicT 
Root*. *!., E-^u PAA , Lanaon 
Rifjwr, iTuUejW., Ewn l^njhiHo 
RoK*, Urjl- H'>ldi»n, ITia ^'\>rjia, WiTfilaBelil 
ItiiBB, T-, EnH; TTanlmffp 
ItLiBfl, n.y^ Eoq,, F,S-.\., 8»ttnsoombo 
Rotin-fLlj Mr, fi-, L&wGfl 
Rujifloii, Rot Petor, M.A.. PulUiroimfb 
Bu'Lwiuk, Mr, N-i Ll'WOI 
Rtijh, R<'p-IEeiifyJ'.hii, M A .Riwtir^Oo 
RDV4if4l» Mr. Altiii-jii, L^^iet^P 
HiifSPU, Rev, J, D., M-A., r-oi^oa 
KaUoT, JiH., Emi-, M,U.. Rrightuji 
Sfiirii, TT»i» K*T, J, J., M,A., ToDbridffo 

Bidamcdii, AlileEinJiEi, H.P^ Tunbndge 

6iiiidi?ni| Mr. Jiudl\1i Oailahnm 
SdJidljaiQ, iliijor^ WiiBliiUgl'.in 
RuiKlliaia, Hflv. J, M., H A-, CuldwaUbftiu 
&arr\, Ruvd. 11 R>r Uoloocubo 

-Hijnd. Sir Wibt>ilJ D-, lit.. P.iAA.^ TjjuJuu 
Ki:i-irL-Dd, G., Eaj., UoaGuf^a 
^ep^ijtm, WurJOT], E<t^^, Uur-hl^ald Part 
Spttli-, Capt^ R,SA.j aoaLliuYLT 
•SJirtJweU, W, DrowLncftfi, Ssq-, Pairligbt 
Shurp, Jofin, Kwj,, Tunbndtf" W£'iU 
Shnrpo, HunryJitanj^ Eeq.BDjtlujWlni- 
ijOT, UdaU. 

Shi'iidaoT Jui>,, Eacj., BuEt'j^ilrDu 
SL^»i?r^ Th<}iBBB, Lfti,, Wotcr^te 
KhilTnor Itfl?. Sir U Crortoa, ILA,, 



XVI 



SUSSEX ARCe-EOLOGICAL SOCIKTF. 



f^hnpjifli*, C, J., Esq- liirnJon 
GiujiijoiUt HoiLrr^ &«i1-> St!n.ruril 
BimpBOO, T- P^. E-q.p Tnnbridffo Walls 
SitnTnon, Hpv, H W., M,A.., Boiluli 
&liiU't. WilILiiD, I'iHj'^ Inindim 
Emifhi I'nkiiiTid, Eai,, SiJt Hill 

•timith, G,, Esq,, Pflcldodchnrat, Crawloj 

Bmitli, Mr. J^tIiDt Lfolvoj 

Binilli, R.-r !l->jjrj, M.A,, Wert Krla 

Bnulli, Mr, J. Huajjt'U. Li^ndott 

gtiiith, Mr. W. J., fiti^lktUQ 

Smith, Wm. Tjlrr, Ksi[-, U.D., 7, Upper 

tlroau' nor Struct, Litjiiliin 
bimith, HidiilAll, E*q , S'iVB 
Pinilhp, W- yor8t.T, E^iq.^ SlnpleflglJ 

Etnyth, E. W,, E(q.. WniTliHryl 
BmytliF, IjiiiifiH, Rai., M.JJ,, Levat 
EniNjki'j Mrob, Qiicln^lor 
KoctfOEl, iLv. H., M-A.,, S alto a 
•j^perling^ Rev, J, H , M,A^ WeBlbourne 
BrimtliTT J. a, Ewj., Qow 
BtainPB, F-W., Rk^., Kl, t^arurda-aii -8ca 
St. Crjiir, Rev. W. de. M A., Gljndo 

Slimain^, J. S,, Sitf\., IliiUforJj Eavl 

(;]TitiitBi.d 
Btifiie, P,, Eiqn TunbriJtfj' WcUi 
Btonis W.p Esq., Tunbridffu WoU* 
fitmn-tJinlili K. J,, Esq., Tlie Rookj, 

Cckficid 

Bvaiii'inn. Rov, Frafeuor C. A-, D.D., 

OijlL'irc^ OhirLcst^'t 
■Swirt, Jcbn, EiHipjKiiatbounje 
Byms, Mice, UorBbam 
TuILhjI <le 4M*UWe, LoiOt F.B.^-. F,S.A.. 

Midftbidv Ciutttf, Dublin 
Tajlor, W. E- Esq., M,D., Falborinjffh 
Tprrj, JdIld, Esq., I'L^d, Hirar Rjc 

Thomas, Reril. fl. Wcbh. Sonth^ow 
Tbompion) Rut. Bir Ugorj^ M.A^, Dart,, 

Fi-ant 
TliuEU|!tiuii, B. FiTey, Eiq. 
TbDaipADD, Cr T., ^9^.. KoDtiingtaD 
TliGrp^'j Mm., l^^-yf'' Vlmv. i.<iH-i4 
Thnrpt'n U. .\ rtliiliiil[lH Ebii,, UuHiiuLra 
Tt-.rt», Mr. ]L E., lEattlL 
IHU^SV. J., tBq-.Crny-lrtn 
TitP, Wm,. BvL. MA'.. f.SA,, London 
•Tourlfc J. J., G»l-i London 

Tn?w, Mrs., ftteyniiiB 

I'libe, W. FourJ, Eeq., Worthing 

Tri.ttOrj C. F-, Knq^ II. Qufftmiboro' 

TdrraWn Kti]rniif:Luu CirdtntH 
Tfuedlt, Ci. Esq., Gf BJiJoiDtfbvj 3q^, 

Loi^lIou 
Tufl'DolU EUbi^' E., EjB(ibuiirn» 
Turner, R*?t. E., M.A., Mircpfii^U 
T^nii*r, J. Sinji*T, K^'j., fli^pn^on 
T\in)Pr. R^: Thn- B., MA 
Tutiior, Urn, J<;}m, Dil<]bliDg Oourt, 

liurulii-rpoiDt 



Tnmar, Rjohtrd, Eflq,, Lowai 
TTadte. Nit^buluii, Eki., M.D., Chicbpstar 
Ijlori H., Kuq,, FriLnklandB 
TyflBfln,! R. n.^Kuq., Jf'.S.A, BnglitoiL 
•TsHHi-u, A D., E«., M.A, Urisht.m 
Vcnflbliffl, Rl't. E.fil.\.f Jloudiorch 
VificvnC.RLiT. II".. MA , SlLnWd 
Vojrii.n, lies, T. 3., M-A., WuUm*hi 
■WiiffTUT, H., Esq., BrigKttin 
Wii^*»r, li. H. H., ICiaj,. St- hmmaeila 
WfikijU]!^, IU.n fi.. BK^htDii 
WiiIJi'ur[iVi>, Barjib, Cifuuten oF 
•Walf.^nl, W. S.. Fjq , h".8A-, Lnndon 
Wulttf, Rev. G. A, Ua, Cliidltaia 
■Wnll, W- H-, Eaq., Ptfnibary 
Wjininpr, R*f. W„ MA, Tunhnd™ 

WuriFi.*;, Williftm, Esq., PR. A., B/>ffrjor 
WnH^n, H., ICta., XimbncEg^ W^^IIm 
Wurreu, Rt-|dnBjd A^ Bnj't E^ituuFlao?, 
ArunJi-^ 

*Wiiy, Albort, Kw-, V,RA., Iri^udoQ 
Woodon, W- D., Eiq . (full C^iirt. Rjpfl 
•Wptftpfl, Ricbanl, E«] Hunt-t^urpoLnt 
Wch'Jcpi^ (Jrrirgi*, Eriq., Qurst-Firrpouit 
Woir, HornBDu, Eflo,, PtcLhain 
Wi»lk, J. R. Esq., BnrtoTi Hill, K-tworth 
WollsiWi t.tidy VictLHTn Long. lI'dm^T 
Wast. HDnble, KondaJd W . Shilmllu, 

W^-at, I#uni, Bjttliunit 

West, F, G-, Eh., Hoibain HlUj TUuted 

W«hOTell,N., Kiq., Pruhtoj 

Wl-E,IiuivI], CttptuB Rd., Tucibriai^' Wel1« 

Whon!lcj, G, W., Esq., CLuriiFood 

Wliilbonrn, RirLikrd, Lsn-, finflilming 

Wliiti.-Intk, HtfT.Ufiij ,M Ar, Gru^mbPJdw 

Whilfi.ddj fii'iirgi', Eiuj., Lpwpi 
WIuHhjt, Uirurj, E«|,, TuiiliriJ^^j Wellp 
"WilkiuHOD, (Jol,,lIjiiiuvurSqimrv, LoodDa 
WiJkiiuim, p. Itiriifm], H*|., UnHbton 
Wilkitf Ufiitj, Bki., arurbton 
Wniolt, RfloE, A. hA. 
WiUunk, , Crfj.j P^ttlcwortb 
Wilidott, Dr. J, B.,TuBbriJi,-o Wdli 
WilH..n, tiir T. Mitjmi, Bnrt.,K€H,rUn 
Wiahnm, Rer. D., MA., Eridtfii 
Wind.jii, Cipl., Bailor 
WpMF-ir, T W-, Em , Qriffhton 
Wooil, Jubn, Mil., Hickflt-'Jid FU^ 
Wfflila, W. L., Ebu,, Cliilttorrt 
Wix»J«,H«»,G.H.M.A, ^hopwyk^' HOHB* 
Wooilwatd, Mtb. TTurt, Wmkioliarat 
WuUuflloD, R., Rfti-, Ik'ijfata 
Wofps J. A., Effq., ButUa 
WrifcU. IUt. John J. F., M.A., Hawlej, 

■Wyilt Hoffb Profold, E<q^ OiBBbtuj, 

Warthintf 
Wyndbfini, Una, Fflrcj, M,F., Patwortb 
WyTiJbuin, Hnt. Mi«, iMwrrth 
Wyndbam, CLptAin C., I^wh 
Vounir, TliLiiiuu, En^-, l-iimbrrwel] 
Yonnifj lUiDuod, E»u., St^fnlng 
Yuuu[. WilliuQ BUii£nuiij Eaq-, Rutlnfi 



BUSSfiX AltCILEOLOGlCAL 3001&TY, 



XVII 



fDiiorjrg ^mhrs. 



BretciD, R., Ean., PcreFiArf 

Ctithet. M.rAhL"-', Dieppe 

C>htIo, W l'\bWilfl, Bore*, VtmrdiatpL 



8initb,iTinrli^RoBch. E^n., P.3.A. 
Spurroll, Ui^y. F., M.A., WLtbam 
TTfillnpn, Rfv. K.. F,H.A., f^prntapjtoth< 

[jiu^i>h»]iJrL- ArulutiictLirnl 3L>c:Jbl,y 
Wolls, Mr. TlirjmM^ llnrfft-riefpoiab 
SiimtDbDa» Kou. Bmnit AvOoiit. 



^ulcs of iht Sodetg. 



i 



1. ThaL tba Bix^cEy^ e.La!l avoid all tOLticA of rcElgfoQs Dud {lolitical ODTitrov«TBy, 
kad 4lmU rarniLJn in^lapAO'lont, t}ii>Li>^li tfilliiig to CO-opuraCd witb Bimil&r Sodfltiee 
by friemity coiniDUnicaillon. 

3. That tbu Soi^ioty shall masUt of Mumbarfl uid Hcmorary Members. 

3. That cstadlilntfW fcir admlitsii^Ti W propr«ail nnd eaoonded by two Memlifir>i or 
the Siuiety, tuiil uIitqUs] al aay MeaUu^ afi^iv Ooixiailtt^e, Qt Lit a Ch?uer&l UeQtinjf, 
One bfock bftll In Ato to esclndo- 

t. That the Aammf aubscriptjoii of Ten Sbillin^ Bhall beonme dofl on Ihfl Utddf 
of January, or £.^ be (rttid in Ifflii tharenf, (KS mmiwBiUon for lif& Siibsorifitloni 
to \k paid at Ihs Luwod Old Dank, or by PuaL-ofHc« cnler, to (JEfttiaE Mollhedx 
Boq-. TroaAuiijr. Lqi^ds OLd I3auk, or to anf of ibo L«a| 8e<<Taiariefl- 

5. Tho-t evpiy nflv Mrmlwt, upon h^s elHction, be r«]iiirdd Ui pi^y. ^^ odditlcn 
to fi[]Gti Subscription or Comixi^itfon. un eatrancQ fee of Ten Sbllllngn. 

d- That Mombcr^ of dthcF Houe? of Pdrlmmijnl shalL on bocomiug MoLUbon of 
tbL> S'KfKty, be placed on the IS^tof Vlce-f FesidoQti, 

7. TijaC tlie inannj^mont uf tho flnanDial departoicDt of UiQ Sooietj'B afTikira be 
plAi>c(l in tha haode of a Sub-OommittcCt Apccbllf ap(K>iakd for tbat purposu. 

I* ThAt Ibe KJnniicB CommiltM bi; einpaw<!rod to remove from thra list of ihfl 
SoDicty the namo of any ManiTx^r whiue Knbacrlption ahall be in HrreiLr more thaa 
tlim yeare, btiJ nbo eball rufuse lo pay do applicntion. 

1>. That tLo ii^on^ral offnirs of the booiety ba oonduc-ted by a Committoer to aonftial 
Of Ihfl Pcp'iuli'nt, Vh?!!. Prcpidenlfl, two Honorary Secrtitariiia^ n Coriv-E ponding 
BeiTelnry and Editor of tbe '^ Col lection r." uho (jn acoordunt^p w]t]i llit vi/U] ljC ibo 
£c(ier*] •JiiiuEil luoctiri^t bd^l iTtJi Au^bt, lBf»^,> r^till recvlvii nudj lemuatiraticn 
■•(he OoiDinittce niflj deem fltn LoonI SecretaHcBt a Treasurer, and not Icsa tban 
twelve other Membcre, vbo abail bo ?hoean at tho General Annual MoetJny; threo 
Sembcn of fluch Committee lo form a Cjuomm. 

K-b' — ThEi CoiEinitttf? miiit at "Lawfft Cajtl«, on tha Thnndnya nait befcri^ tho 
3lLb iJoj of June, aud tbe £5tb day of Deutmbor. 



XVIU 



9CSS£X AacaXOLOOLCAL SOCIETY. 



10. Ttiat at MeetiDLja of tbeSoolHyp or uF Lbu ComiulttWt the resdlutiwia of 
tbfl Diajiitity pr?£ctit ^bull ba biadlDg, thaugb dU peraDae oDdttod bo vote be nak 

11. That Ik Qflueml MeuLjnt: (>r tbe Swlely be beld aonually. in JuJy or August, ai 
maf b« appointed bj th? (JonnnicteCi nl ioms place remlered iatcrgBting b; ita An- 
tiqaltlesoT Utatorioi] AasoomtioDf, in tbo Eatatcra and Waslora DiHaiqiis of tha 
County (Llternntcly ; Eiiob (lanQml QloHlini; to hAve power to inuko hjci]» iWtoratioiiR 
tn the RuTes na a majority mny dtit«nfllnc, cm noruNa tharcof being oao moDth pre- 
Tlaiialy g{\tn to the fSt'crolaried, 07 cdg of LbcnL 

19. TbaL n Special 'JbDuml MfvHng iuhj ba eTuninoiifid bj tha Baorctary on (ho 
l^uUilion in wrfting of livo Ateinbi^ra, und either Ihe i'ruaidoDt, or two Vioa- 
I'r^idGiils, B|ieclr>'ing the Bu)>JHt to ba hrokiftbt forvntd for deaialaa At tuah 
Maelinff, uad ouch aubJi^L only to bu tbuo cutialdurvl. 

13. That tbe CommittcQ tevo powur tu admrt, nithont bmllot, oa Ibo nomlaatiUTx 
ort»o icDmbctfl, any Iddy who may ba duBiroua of b^commg n MoTnber, 

H. Tliftt tbcC\?[iiiuitli?BhavepoiV(;r tonpiwiiitiifiOD Ooiioriirr Mciubi!!- auy ptoKjn, 
Inoludio^ foroiffntrst Mkcly tct proniolo Ihc IntcrcaEA of ihfl Society i suoh Honomfj 
McEnbtr nat to pav any SubacrifitioO) nor to hnv& ih^ rtjfhL of voting la tbo 
alfi-ln of th^ Society, nud to bo Bubji]ot to ro-olectioa LonuaJly. 

IS. Tli4t tbo CommJltee be ompowcri^d I0 appuint any Member Iiocat SDc/vtar^ 
for the town or diatricb where ha may rcnido, En crdcr lo fncUitulo t\i^ colltxtiou of 
Docurata infLinnation as to objKtB of local iutonisi ; and that auoh Local SacroLojieB 
be ejj-effieUi M\}mhthn of tbo C'oramHtjjeL 

III, That McetinKi^ for tho porpcaa of re^tlidg Paperti. and tlie exUibltion of Auti- 
qnidea, ba bold at enah timo'i and plnoca as bbe Committea luay dttormiDe. 

17. That The FTnnnmry fiwrrofafy jiball k&ep fl record of the rrocoediags of Ihfl 
&ods^, tctba iKuimiiuiicated to Iha Otueittl Moi^tiuf. 



I 

I 



*•* All atHnmuulcmtroBfl respcclmc Pajien for the asxi Volummhonld Iw Hd- 
■i\ in Warh Antony Lower, KfKj. . F B.A., Soafonl, an 4ifirly u pt»«iil>lfl Trt (Mipuro 
I Domplfltion of the volume tiefori! the Aimnal Meeting oi IRfift, it iedceimblathal J 
all H83 end Drawioffs tibonld bo In tho bonda of the £dltof by^ Duoembar next^ 



Sussex ^vdjacolosical iJCoIlBctians. 



THE LOST TOWNS OF NORTIIEYE & HYDXEYE. 



Bt the rev. EDWARD TURNER, M.A. 






Tub Episcopal Registers of the Diocese of Chichester contairi 
manj curious and valuable documeDts connected with tlie 
early ecclosioatical history of Sussex, But, of tliuir contents, 
no part is perbaps more interesting or more impcrtaut to the 
couritj^ Historian, than the copies which ai^ Ui be fcujnd in 
them of the original deeds of endowment of many of the 
Churches and Chapels of the several parishes of which the 
connty consisted in the two or three centuries immediately 
succt-ediiig tie Norman Conrpiest ; shewingi as they will bi 
und to do, thnt sadi e[idowmentfi were the spontaneoNs 
acts of pious and charitable individuals, who were anxious 
for the eslension ot religion in the districts in which they 
resided and possessed property, towards efiectiug this bene- 
ficent purpose. These K.egisters are also deserving the notice 
of the Archaeologist ; innsmucb rs it is to them that we must 
look for almost nil the knowledge which is now t^ be obtained 
of the foundation and endowment of the many Churches nnd 
Chapels, but principally the latter, which existed in former 
times, auxiliary to, or independent of, the Parish Churches 
in many piirts of the county, but which are uuw for the mast 
part extinct j and although portions of the outside walls of 
a very few of them remain to this day, as memorials of the 



XIX, 



B 



THB LOST TOWNS OP NORTITETE AND nTDNEYE. 



I 

I 



liberality and piety of our forefatlierg, no truces of tlie 
niaiiKler are to be discovered, escept as their sites may still 
happen to be indicated by thf^ name of **Tlie Uhapel-fiekl," 
** The Chapel-croft," '^ The Chapel -wooil," or perhaps by 
that of ** The BtiriuUcroft,'* or " The Burial-plot ;" which, 
notwithstiiTnling the structures may have btun entirely re- 
moYci), having been, some of them, sacrilegioiosly and wan- 
tonly Jeatrojed for tlie sake of the building or road-repara- 
tion materials, which were to be obtained without any great 
trouble or expense fioni theai, their sites still retain. They 
shew too, that previous to the Reformation, these Churches 
and Chapels were much more numerous in the DioeesB of 
Chichester than such as have not an intimate acquaintance 
with the county nre nt all aware of. Situated, the greater part 
of them, in the most ecclutJcd, and, from the bad state of the 
roads, almost inaccessible parts of the county, they appear 
to have been founded by some of the larger and more opu- 
lent Sussex luidownera, as places of Divine worship for 
themselves, their households, and retainers. They were in- 
tended to be, for the most part, at the time they were erected, 
their own private Chapels; and were at first kept np Einda 
used by them as such ; and after a time endowed, tu secure to ■ 
them, as far as It was possible to do so, permanence iind in- 
dependence. But oa the families of their patrons became 
extinct, and the property on which they resided passed intt) 
other hands; and the state of the roads improved, so that thefl 
parish cliurches became more accessible, these Churches and™ 
Chapels were no longer required, and in consequence were 
suffered to fall into a state of decay. Some of the parishes 
in the diocese had two Churches, where there is now only 
one- In others there are now no Churches; and few of the 
larger parishes were without a private Chapel of the kind I 
have just described. 

Although I hope in a future volume to be able to give a 
detailed account of these Churches and Cha[)cl3, aa fur as 
their history is known, I shall confine myself in my present 
paper to the Ctnipels of Northeye and Hydneye, which dif- 
fered from the rest in this material respect — that they had 
towns atladied to them, and were of suflicient importance to 
bo considered limbs or memhers of the (Jinque-port of Hast- 



I 



THE L03T TOWHd OF HOaTUEVE ASD EVDNEYE, 



ings. My object is to place on record all tlmt I have been 
fi\i\i^ to discover, besiring on tlie histttry of tlie^i? tw<i oace 
listiiiguistieJ, but now Uitalljr extinct, maritime Sussex 
'IovpHs. 

Speaking of the Cinque Ports and their limbs, JJr< M. A- 
Lower tells^ us that three only are mentioned in the Domiis- 
lay Survey ; namely — Dover, Saadwitih^ and Koiiiiiey, but 
that the League existed at a period as early iis the tinj« of 
IJward the Confessor, from whom they first derived tlje 
^privileges and immunities they now enjoy. Of the five porta, 
Hastings hiia always been considered the cbiuf. In the 
course of time several intermediate towus and places were 
added to them as members or limbs, and particularly Win- 
chelsea and Rye, which were honoured with the su[>eiitir 
desiguation of '* Nobiliorii Metnbra Qninque Fortuum," 
and which are etill often termed, par excellence^ "The 
Ancient Towns." Of Hastings, the following are or rather 
'ere, for some of them no longer exist — among ivhicli jire 
lOrtheye and Ilydueye — the dependent members or limhs, 
:aford, Pevenaey^ liulverhithe, Hydoneye, Iham, lieakes- 
Tournc, Grenehiihe, and Noftheye. Of these eight limla six 
are in Sussex, and the remaining two in Kent. It ia some- 
what remarkable that in the general Charter of Hastings as 
a Cinque-pnrt, granted by Charles IL, all the Ports Fire men- 
tioned, with their several respective limbs, corpurate ami 
icorporate, with the exception of Northcye, Reculver, and 
Storey, These three are altogether omitted. They could 
then have ecai-cely existed as limbs at that time. 

With regard to Northeye and Hydoneye, they were both 
rituated in the marshes of East Sussex, wliii^^b lie 
between Beachy Head and Willingdon on the one side^ and 
lasijiiga on the other ; and their names were evidently de- 
■ived from their position with respect lo these marshes, both 
them standing on eyes^ or islands ; Ig being the Saxon 
word for land so circmiistanced — land, that is, so elevated us 
to be high and dry, when the surrounding low lanJs are 
flooded. Other compounds of eye are to be tijuud amongat 
the names still to be met with in the same marshes, as Horacye, 
(irluch formerly possessed manorial rights ; and, according to 

"S. A.C.,Vol. I, p,1*. 

B 2 



THE LOET TOWNS OP NORieEVE ISD aTDKEYE, 



the Nona Return, had a Chapel in 1341, and was subject to 
thu Chancellor of the Ciitljedra.1 CLurch of Chichester; and 
Mjinkestye, or, ils it is now commonly called, Miiiilcs^je j 
which in 1471 is described in the Buttcl Abbey Charters &s 
a ptirish, nnd is stated to have belonged to tlie same Cathe- 
Jml dignitary ; doubtless, in both cusea, as patron of the 
mother Church of Pevensey, in which pariah they were both 
situatfid. The circumstance of a smull pt)rtion of this 
eye being called to this day '^ The Cliurcb-acre," has letl 
to the sappositiou thnt it had its own Cburch. As tbe 
meaning of Manfcscye is the Monks' Island, and that of Hors- 
eye the Island for Horees ; so Hornseye, in the same marsh 
means xha Island for Horned cattle j Langeneye, or Lang- 
ney, the Long Island; Rickeneye, now called Rickiiey ; 
Mountaincye, Monntney ; &c. At the time tbe greater part 
of what is now called marsh was covered with water, these 
eyes or islands wei-e shcals. Even Pevensey itself, the Ande- 
ridfl of the Notitia, is supposed to have taken its name, 
Peve US-eye, from it^ liavin^ been, at tlie time it was a Roman 
Port, and snlx-^efiuently in Saxon times, partially, if not 
wholly, insulated. Its port, which was at tlut time capable 
of harbouring vessels of a large size, is now so completely 
choked up by an accumulation of silt and shingle, that but 
Utile trace of it is to be discovered. At the present 
time its Haven discbarges itself into the sea near to tbe 
Sluice Liberty. 

Although llydoneye, or as it is usually called Hydneye, 
takes precedence of Northeye, in the position in which the 
idastlniis limbs are placed with reference to each other, in 
tbe must ancient notices of them — Hydneye standing fourth, 
and Northeye the last — I shall begin witlt Northeye, as tbe 
hu'gcr place of the two, and as that of which my history will, 
1 tliink, he found fuller and more complete than that of Hyd- 
neye, of which but little is left on record. 

Northeye, then, or as it was sometimes written, in ac- 
cordance witli its comjnon pronunciation, Nortbey, Nortliie, 
and Northeye— 1 Lave adopted the one most consistent with 
its derivation— was situated in Bcxhill Marsh, about two 
miles and a half, nccording to Husseyi but, in my opinion, 
more than this, north-east of Pevensey Castle, from which 



THE LOST TOffXS OF XORTUEYE AXD UIDNEYE. 5 

circumstaoce he considers it to htiTe derived its TiaraG. Its 
Chnpd^ fur a clijipel !t is always ciiUetl, wils (ledic;ited to St. 
James. Small portions of its outside walls were sUncling, 
ucuordifig to tiic tradition of the neighbourhood, a few years 
ago ; and I *idi indebted to iLr, Ross, of tliistings, for the 
dniwing of them, from which the aaaexed engravinf^ was 
tsiken, as well us of some oarved stories wliioh he found at 
one end of what is supposed to have been the site of a street 
in the lit'Id called the Old Town Field, in ft heap of stones 
lying there, and in whieli field the ancient town of Northcye 
Btood; for liothNortheye and Hydneye had towns belonging 
to them ; being situated, uot en the piyee of land immediately 
connected ivitb the Cbnpel-field by means of a bridge, still 
called the Chap el -bridge, as some have imagined, bnt on an 
eminence just out of the umrsh, on the road to Barnhorne ; 




CAHTtD fiTU?ifG FROM ^GBTHEyE (TUAT'f 1- 



and forming part of what is calk-d Barnhorii HilL These 
carved stones are, two of theTOj evidtntly portions of window 
mullions, and the thinl probably a corbel, of which 
illustrations arc also given. Of the Chapel, nothing now 
reinuirs but the name. Its structure appears to have been 
[ibiin and simple ; consisting, as far os its foundation walls 
have been able to he traced^ of a nave and chancel only, with 
a small square tower at the west end, which was the cns- 
tjnnjiry anangeinent of these Chapels. During the very dry 
»amnicr of lb5!), Mr, Hoss visiti^ the site ; aiid was able. 



s 



THE LOST TOWNS 01 NOKTHEVEATJD UTDKEYE, 



from the parched state of the turf over ita iindergroiii 
remains, clearly to dcQnc its shape and size. He was also 
enabled to discover, by a siioihir indication, that there must 
have been u considerable vilkga or town at Northeyc. The 
site of this Chapel is inarted un SpeoJ's map of the county, 
the date of which is 1610. The ^Miiilna of Kortheje 
Chapel" are found so described in Budgen's county map, 
which is dated 1724. It is also laid down on Walker's 
more modern map of Susses. In Gary's County Maps, which 
were published in 1787, the Sluice House is mentioned, but 
not the Chapel. It appears to have been situated on the 




road from Wartlin^. through Hcoe, to Bamhorne and Battle. 
In the Valor Eccleaiasticua it is called the Chapel of North- 
hjde- In the Domesilay Survey, two Churches in Bexlie, 
cr, US it is now called, ISexhill, are uientioneJ, of which 
doubtless the present Chui"ch is one; and the other, Mr. 
Hnssey, in Lis Clmrcbce of Kent, Susses, and Surrey^ ima- 
gines to have been the Chapel of Bulverhithe. I, boweverj 
ain far mure disposed to cou^idcr it as that of Northcye ; 
which, with itiA town ami its manor, would be of much more 



» 



THE LOST TOWKS OH NORTUEYE AND HYDNSYE, 7 

importance, at the time, of the Norman snrvej, t!mn 
Bulverhitlic ; whlcli, whatever may hare been the date of 

erection, which appears to Imve been subaequent to that 
of NorlhGye, had a district of about one hundred acres, with 
a few houstds only, attached to it- Though called a small 
parish, It could not wdl have been so; though it might have 
teen a reputed pariah. 

It 13 singular that Husaey, who is generally very accurate 
in his information, has evidently been, in some way or other, 
led into a mistake with reference to the parish in which the 
Chapel nud Town of Northeye were siluat^'d. At the time 
his work was published he evidently considered thera to be 
in Pevenscji and hia r{:fcreiice to, and description of thera 
are given under this head. And thialed him to overlook the 
claims which the Chapel of Northeye had to be considered 
the second of t)ie two Domesday Chufches in Bexhill; and 
to give It to Bulverhithe, as the only other Clinrch he conid 
discover in the pariah. IIueFcr's authority for placing North- 
eye in Pevenscy is the Valor Eccleaitisticds, temp- Henry VllL, 
where (at Vol. i., p- 341,) this ecclesiastical establishment 
is reckoned a Chiuitry, Immediately after Pevensey and 
Westham follows ; 

"Cantanade Nortfiydo. 

Kicns Bord, doctor, capoEUima ibidem, vnlot cil&ro per aanu' cam 
omibK proficuia ci comodltatib^, in tenure Jubouiuij Elos, et rec^ hide 
per tJiau' liij-. iiij*/* 

This Richard Borde, who held Pevensey, Westhara, and 
Northeye, was a well-bencficed man, and, aa Mr, Lower has 
shewn, in Susa. Arch, Coll, (vol, vi,, p. 213), woa brother of 
the celebrated "Merry" Andrew Borde. 

The Manor of Northeye may possibly, and, 1 believe, does 
extend over some part of the parish of Pevensey; and this 
might have misled Mr, Hussey; so as to have induced 
him to place the whole in thut parish. Mr. Rosa informs me that 
the land included in the Liberty of the Sluice, within the 
limits of which the Chapel of Northeye is described as being 
situated, Is all rated to Bexhill Parish ; and that the 
rate, when made, is held not to be good, until it has received 
the sanction of the Justices of the Boix)ugh of Hastings, 



8 



THE LOST TOWira OF HOllTHETEAND irTDWEYB. 



A perartibuUtioti of tlie Tionndnry of this Liberty was made 
by thu Members of the Corporaticu of Hastings in Sepwmber 
last, wben no part of it was trodden itito the Parisli of 
Pevensey. 

But before I proceed with the history of the various objects 
of archiEologietLl interest connected with Nortbeye, it will 
be necessary for me to clear up, as well as the means 
acet'ssible to ma will enable iiie to do so^ Jiie or two dtf- 
ficultifis wliich bave arisen out of the att-empls wliicli ha7e 
at different times been made to shew their dependence one 
apon another. Hitherto tbeae difBculties have proved insur- 
mountable, and have led to the adoption of opinions in the 
matter quite irreconcilable with retLsonable probability; and 
which therefore have left the points they were intended to 
reconcile, under ns ini[ienetrdble a cloud of misconception and 
doubt as previously cKtsl^d regarding thcra. And this 
applies more particularly to the endeavours which have, 
from time to time, been exerted for the purpose of ascertain- 
ing whetlier aTiy, and, if any, what connexion Nortlieye 
Chapel hud with the ancient town of that name. And we 
are indebted to the archieological discrimination of Mr- Ross, 
of Hastings, for having, by many visits made to the locality, 
and the exercise of much judicious and careful examination 
of the sittfs of this chapel and town when there, been the 
means of enabling us to rectify niuoh of this misconception 
and doubt, and satisfactorily to determine some material 
questions connected with their early history. 

With regard to the first tiifliculfy, the position of this 
chtipel and town, with regard to each other, seems to mate it 
highly improbable that the one should, as some have sup- 
posed to have been the case, have been the chapel of the 
other. 

It must be borne in mind that they were not in this 
way similarly circumstanced; the chapel being invariably 
described as situated uithin tbe Liberty of the Sluice, whereas 
the town of Nortlieye was without that liberty. The chapel 
is supposed to have stood — for nothing now remains of the 
building above ground — near the t^luice llmisc, on an 
elevated piece of land still called "the Chapel Field/' and so 
marked on the map; while tbe town was situated at the edge 



THE LOST Towns OF NORTIIETE AND nTDNEYE, 



9 



of tlie Marsh, in tin Gnclosure near to the foot of Barnhoma 
hill, w!ii<;h is still csillt^d '* the Old Town Field;" iiud wlii?if, 
I sliall presently show, traces of a considerable extent of 
riindatinTis are still to be discoTcred, This, then, makes it 
Tery unlikely that the ono should have been the chapel of 
the other; and when the distance between the two, 
u pretty accurate notion of which may be obtained from their 
relative positions, as tbey are laid down intlie map, is add("d 
to the consideration, it rendei-s what otherwise was not very 
likely, highly improbable. This difficult point, however, Mr. 
Ross waa able satisfactorily to set at rest, by discovering, as 
WG shall presently see, on one of bis visits to the Old Town 
field, the site and a small pt^rtion of the remaining wills of 
I the veritable chtipel of the iincient tcjwn. 
I But the clearing up of this point inToIves us in the sola- 

I tion of another very difficult problem, namely — if this was 
not the chapel of the old town, what object had its founder 
in view in erecting it? And why was it called Nortlieye 
^^jChapel — the cLapel, that is, of the town of Xortheye ? In 
^^klving this point we must go back to the probable position 
^^of the two, at the time they >vere first founded; and subse- 
quently when we have reason for thinking the town woe 
totally destroyed, 

I have already stated that until Mr. Ross proved, almost 
beyond n doubtj that the town had its chapel close at hand, 
this chapel, notwithstanding the many obstacles whicb 
opposed themselves to such a consideration, was generally 
deemed to be the chapel of the old town, and this town not 
being within the Liberty of the Sluice was accounted for by 
the supposition that this liberty is not so extensive north- 
wards as the original Liberty of Northeye, as a limb of the 
Hastings Cinque Port. And this appears to me to bo correct, 
ftfi far GS the Old Town being situated out of the present 
liberty is concerned. The situation of this town was, as I 
have just stated, out of the Marsh, but close to it; and the 
chapel Mr- Hossiiiseovcred was to the west of it, and separated 
from it by the road over Barnliorne hill. And the town 
must doubtless have Iccn situated within the limits of its 
own liberty ; while the Liberty of the Sluice takes ibo 
marshy district only. It is, too, to be considered, that at the 



10 



THB L03T TOWKS or NOaXHEYE AND HyDNETE. 



time the town of Northeye was Iniilt, tlia marsh laruls were 
flooded at every tide, if they were not a deep sea-eatuary, 
ennhling veasela to pass up lis waters, and to rule aafcly at 
anchor near to it. This then was an a<iditioaal proof that 
there could have been no connesion between the Sluice 
Liberty chapel and the town. Bntwhen thisceaseil to be the 
case, and when, to facilitate the drainage of these levels, it 
became necessary to erect the Sluice House, which probably 
was aC an early period; for Dugdalo, in his History of Im- 
banking and Draining, tells us, upon the authority of the Patent 
Rolls, that the attention of the public had been turned 
to this subject aa early a.'*, if not earlier than, the coninience- 
ment of the fourteenth century, the case was altered- In short, 
a now district of very considerable extent would thus be cre- 
ated, which would naturally be called by the name of ^* the 
Lilwrty of the Sluice,'' the liberty, that is^ which extends over 
the lands laid dry by the sluice worts, and over the waters of 
which those works were intended t^ have, and had, abeneficial 
control. It will be seen by the map that the road to the 
Old Town, after the drainage of iho land had been fully 
accomplished, was through the chapel field and over the 
chapel bridge. This, without consideration of the many 
impediments lying in the way, tended to strengthen the 
notion of such a connexion. But though the part of this 
road nearest to the Old Town field does not now exist, it may, 
Mr, Koss, who is well acquainted with the locality, tells me, 
very easily be traced. Previous to the general drainage of 
the land it was probably approached by the road over Barn- 
hornehill; which, as 1 have just said, passed between the 
chapel and the town. On the original extent of the Liberty 
of Northeye I am unable to throw any light; the loss of the 
early records of the Hastings Corporation, which might have 
enabled us to do so, having deprived us of the benefit of this 
source of information, has possibly placed beyond our reach 
all legitimate evidence on the subject. It was probably 
small, when compared with the acrenge of the land now com- 
prehended under the somewhat more modem name of the 
Liberty of the Sluice. 

But to return to the chapel, nsuEilly irlentified by its des- 
cription as situated icithin the liberty of the Sluice, doubtlesa 



I 



THE LOST TOWNS OF SOftTHfiVE AND JIYDNEYE- 



11 



K 



in order to distinguish it from the chapel of the OM Town, 
which was situated xcitkout this liberty* Why, it may fairly 
l>e asked, was it called Northeye Chapel, when every thing 
connected with its history and position in the marsh seems to 
preclude even the possibility of its evei" having been the 
Chapel of the Old Town of Nortbeye? How to aiiawer this 
question I wuj wholly at a toss, for I could find no allnsion 
its origin and foundation in any of the records which have 
lately passed through my hands^ until, in accideuttilly turning 
over stmie extracts froiu Jeaite's Ctnque-Port Charters, 
*hich btttl been sent to tiie by Mr. Koss, I found in one of 
them an unmistakable allusion to two Northeyea, In speEik- 
ing of the ports attached to Hastings, he aaya, that they had 
in 1229 more members than are mentioned in the exempli- 
fication of whidi he is speaking. For instance, lie adds, 
Ilastiiigs had Seaford and Nortbeye, which tatter port is not 
mentioned ia the later Charters* This, he thinks, stood in 
the field yet called Northeyc, lying to the west of Bulver- 
hithe, towards BexLilh Here then he manifestly alludes 
to the Old Town field. For though this field does not 
quite answer to the description Jeake gives of its posi- 
tion, Mr. Roas, upon impiiry, could find no field bearing tliat 
name between Bulverhithe and Beshill that does ; which 
town be seems to inslmiatc was deBtroyed by a sudden intlux 
of the sea ; for, be continues, ^^ Being all that the devouring 
en bath now left thereof;" alluding, possibly, to the ruined 
Walls which might have been standing above-ground in his 
time. Or else, he goes on to say, it is that Northtye^ which 
Ueth near to CoictUng^ to the Wi'^ticard of BcjihiU ; which 
answers to the description of the Chapel-field. This field 1 
have already represented as an eje, or island ; paying, from 
tills circuai stance, lialf-scot only> The siii-face of tbis f.ye is 
Tery uneven; and on it are to be traced the foanda- 
tioofi of a Chapel and other buildings. About it, too, 
arc eousiilerrible indentations und ap]jearances of artifi- 
cial exciavatioos, deep enough, at high water, 
vessels of no great burden, and which are 
— tlie work, that is, in very remote times, 
bands. This Mr. Koss conjecturea to be the older 
of the two. To me, howcverj this appears not to 

c 2 



to admit 
evidently 

of men a 
Xorthcve 



12 



THE LOST TOWiia OF NOfiTHETE ASD HTDSBTE, 



SO aa to f.icili- 
or botli Blight 



the case. And for this reason : that ao town could have 
atooil here until aft(?r the levels had ceased to be covered 
with wiiter. Fcr wIiUr they were so covered, or linhle to he 
flooded everj tide, there could have been no means of access 
to it. For this reason [ am rather disposed to consider any 
town that might have stood here to have hcea erected 
subsequently to the destrnction of the old town^ which stood 
Bt th(j edge of the marsh, under the shelter of Bamfiorne 
Hill ; and which^ if tieake's description of its ilownfull is to 
he taken literally, was desti"ojed by a sea inundation ; the 
same, it might have l>een, that overwhelmed Old Winchel- 
sea, for its destruction must have taken place about that 
time. To me it seeraa a reasonable supposition that when 
the flow of water over the extensive tract of land now con- 
stituting the Liberty of the Sluice was ao restrained as no 
longer to Ic of suHicient depth to enable vessels to reach the 
Old Town, ft second Town would naturally have been built 
nearer the sea, and a harbour constructed 
tate the loadicig and unloading of vessels; 
perhaps have existed for a short time together — the one as 
the seaport of the other, beyond which vcsacls of largo 
burden would not risk the passing. And it is worthy of 
notice, as strengthening my hypothesis, that the river from 
the point called *' Two waters'* in the map, and which, in 
its course to the aea^ passes, and probably formed a part of 
the boundary of the ChapcI-field, and which afterwards passed 
the Sluice House, is still called '^The Haven;*' the other 
branch of, it forming the second of the " Two Waters," ran 
in the direction of, and not very far from, "The Old Town." 
The designation, too^ of " The Old Town*' seems to imply 
the existence of another town not very I'ar off, of more modem 
ilate than that from which it was thus poi'posely distin- 
guished. 

In this way, then, I am disposed to account for the ex- 
istence of the two Chapels, and for the necessity which n-rose 
for erecting a second town of Northeye ; and if I am right in 
my conjecture as to the cause and dote of the annihilation of 
the Old Town — and 1 feel lliat t am not far cut in my cal- 
culation — it may be adopted as a safe rule in the documen- 
tary information which I am now about to give, that all deed^ 



I 



TIIE LOST T0WS9 OF NOETBEYE AND HYDNErE. 



13 



Terring to Northeye Chapel or the town, of a date anterior 

the commencement of the fourteenth century, may be 

aa referring to them; and all deeds of a subsequent 

including the deed of endov^^iuent of Northeye Chapel, 

rhich I shiill presently give from the Bishop's Registers, to 

le ChiLpel ijf the more modern town. 

The name Northeye fr©iuently otx^urs in the Battel Abbey 

Records; and in these, perhaps, wc have some of the earliest 

'Botices to be found of it. These, I shall now proceed 

to give; and, as many of the Chartera are without dates, I 

Bhall, in quoting them, tako them in the order lu which I 

ind them placed in Thorpe's Catalogue — 

Walter de Breggesele is tliere stated to hare given to the 
Bacriatary of the Abbey of Battel, rents arisixig from lands 
lying between Brooke and Norlheye, in the way from Battel 
to Winch else a. 

Lucas atte Gate gave to the same Sacristary four dey- 
^werks of land, by which is mc^ant as much land as a team 
*ould plough in four days, in the fields called WulncTcland, 
'in Northeye, in the way eomuig from Lodelegh to the house 
of the same Luke. 

William dc Hastingea, Knight, Lord of N^ortheye, granted 
Ihe Abbot and Convent of the Abbey of Battel pennis- 
to drain all their lands, as well upland as marsh, through 
the demesnes of the Manor of Northeye; viz., from Trade- 
"bridge, between the trade and the demesne lands of the same 
Ahipot and Convent, as far as SwaneOete, and from thence 
between the lands of the Prior and Convent of Hastings, 
cloae by the old sewer of Codinge. He aJao gave freely to 
the same Abbot and Convent, for the aulvation of his soul, 
]and called Borland. In the original endorsement on this 
deed this land is cdled Holybredeland. 

In other deeds, 3tfp]»en de Northeye and William de 
Northeye are mentioned as benefactors to Battel Abbey; and 
the latter is one of the witnesses to a deed of benefaction exe- 
cuted to the Abbey of Robertsbriflge by Stephen de Ocham, 
of the free use of a couj"sg of water leading from his mill at 
lOcham ; and Reignyerus do Northeye is a witness to a deed 
»f gift made hy Clement Sericlege to his daughter, of lands 
in the Marsh of Codinge, called Shortehclte and Drauege- 
lande. 



14 lEE tOST TOWNS OF KORTHEYE AJ*D HTDNEYE. 

Ralph, Abbot of Battel^ enters by AHotlier AeeA into an 
agreement with James, the son of William, Lord of the 
Manor of Northeye, by which tbia James will be enabled to 
draio Scuttceranrsh by menus of Babbingtietc and Swancflete, 
and t^ make drains to carry off tho surplus water occurring 
between Bereham and La Tratlt?; aud between Bradeleghe 
and Northeye. This Rilph might have been the Abbot, who 
had previously been a Monk of Caen ; and wbo presided 
over the Abbey from 1107 to 1124» or, which ia far more 
likely to have been the caBe^Ralph de Coventry, who was 
consecrated in 1235; and the date of whose vacating the 
abbacy Willis wns unable to discover, but who is mentioned 
in the Chartulary as Abbot in 1251. Nor is it known in 
what way he vacated, whether by death or rcaigijatlon. 

An indenture of fine was levied at Lewes in 1248, before 
the Judges Itinerant, between William de Northeye, plain- 
tiff, and Kalpb, Abbot of Battel, deforciant, of two virgates 
of miirsh Ian:!, called Stntbismersshc in liyxle (Rexliill). 

A deed of William de Hastings, Lord of Northeye, has 
reference to the drainage of marsh lands in the Manor of 
Bernehorne, belonging to the Abbot and Convent of Battle; 
enabling them to drain such lanils thruugli tlie middle of his 
land called Grade, This deed is dated Northeye, August, 
1304; from the year 1240, the deeds being lor the moat 
part dated. 

In a roll of accounts, I'eferred to as among the same Abbey 
Chartere, shewing the moneys received and expended in cul- 
tivating the lands called llolybredelands, and rendered to the 
Abbey Steward by William Trigolea and William Mot^ ser- 
vants of the Manor of Barnchornc, tenements called Coupera, 
Colliers, and Northeyes, are mentioned. And in two as- 
sessmt^nts of Wateidode, copies of which are among the same 
deeds, and which ai-e stated to have been made at a Sessions, 
held for tliat purpose in Uooe Marsh, one in April, 1512, 
and the other in June, 1515, the Chaplain of Northeye is 
represented as having seven acres of land in this niarsb, aa 
part of the endowment of his Chapel, It would seem, therefore, 
that the Chapel of Northeye WitK standing, and had a duly 
appointed ollleiiitirjg minister, so late as the commencement 
of the sixteenth century. 



THE LOST TOWXS OF KOETHETE AND nTDSEYE 



15 



Among the lanJownera mentif^ned hy Dugdnle in his 
History of imbankiu^ and Dmining, in and about 
Pcvcnscy Marsh, and the other marshes eastward of it, in the 
time of Edward I, is William de Northeye, Ho seems 
indeed to biive been one of the prinr^lpal. The drninage of 
the Ifinil {tn the enstern coast of Sussex appears to have been 
very badly managed towards the close of the thirteenth cen- 
tury; 30 badly, indeed, that it ia recorded of Luke de la 
Gnre, who bad been appointed by this Kin^, in or about the 
year 12S9 (the 17,th of his reign), one of the Conservators 
of the Marsh of Pevensey, that he, instefifl of discharging 
the duties of his office in an efficient find proper manner, 
most injudiciously raised up a. bank across the baven, and 
erected a aluiee, the effect of which was to obstruct the 
course of the water in its passage to the sea, to the detriment 
of the levels generally by submerging, riitber than draining 
them. This led to much dissatisfaction, and induced some of 
the principal proprietors of land in this marshy among whom 
were the Abbot of Battel and the Prior of Lewes, to com- 
plain to the King ; and^ in consequence, to hla issuing a com- 
mission of inquiry into the facts of the ease, of which com- 
mission William de Nortbeye was one of the members. Their 
duty, as it was Btated in the commission, was to look generally 
to the safeguard and defence of the lands of all persons, as 
well rich as poor, in the Marsh of Pevensey, and to remove 
all obstructions to the flow of the water ; but more particularly 
to take away, if after careful Inspection it should be deemed 
advisable to do so, the impediment which had been placed 
by tbia conservator ovcrtliwart tbe haven, so that, by means 
of this outlet^ the fresh water might again bo discharged 
without interruption, into the sen, and iio longer be im- 
pelled in its course, to tbe peril of all persons dwelling in 
and about the same marsh, and the apparent drowning of 
the lands. This led to the removal of the impediment, and 
to better mnnagement for thefutnrc. AnJ thJssumc William 
de Kortheye was again nppninted ei commissioner of the said 
levels, by letters patent, in the 23rd year of the reign of this 
King (1305); and again by his succes,?or, King Edward 11,, 
in the 7th, 11th, and 16th years of his reign, namely, in 
1314, 1318, and 1323. 



16 THE LOST TOWNS OF K0RT1IIYE AKH HVDNEYE. 

The oczt mention of the Manor of Northeye in point of 
time is to be fouacl in the Nona Return, tbo date of which is 
1341- It ia there calleil Nome, which possibly might have 
been the way of pronouocing the name at that early period. 
It will be found under the head Bexlcj rts ffdlows: — "Et 
dicunt Jurati, quod noa potest Domintia Res ad cxtcotam 
dictum ecclesite responJcre, quia nona purs garljarum Manerii de 
Norzie, quod est de Llbertate Quinque Portuum in eadem 
parocliia valet CV Itemi vellera ejusiieni Manerii valet hoc 
anno XX* iiij '- Itfitu: agni ejiisdem valent xiij*. Et sic est 
summa ejusdem Manerii vj" xiij" iiij"/' It will be observed 
that neither the chapel nor the chapclry district of Narzio is 
here mentioned; nor is the Manor of Northeye, as we shall 
presently see, particularly alluded to by name in the deed of 
endowment. But the manor is mentioned, and the Chapel 
and cha[xslry implied in the above extract, wliiiih states that 
the aoiount of the vaUe of the ninth of the sheaves, fleeces, 
and Iambs of the whole parish will not correspond with their 
estimated value, because those accruing in this manor, then 
in the possesaiun of the Crown, must be deducted, as belong- 
ing, hj right, to the Chaptl of Northeye- Possibly the 
lands ao constituting the endowment of this chapel, might all 
have been in this manor. I am also further indebted to Mr, 
Itoss for much of the local information I am able to give on 
the subject of the situatian in the extensive marshes of Bex- 
hill and its nelghhourhoixl of this extinct chapel and town, 
which wfis, as 1 have already said, of sufficient importance, 
before its decay, to be one of tbe five limbs of the Cinque 
Port Town of Hastings, Well tncwing the deep interest he 
takes in the history of these Ports, aa well as in the 
archffi^Iogy of Hastings and its neighbourhood generally, of 
which we cannot have a better proof than the XII,, XIV,, and 
XV., Volumes of our Collections contain, and that he bad 
more than once visited the Liberty of the Sluice, in which 
Northeye was situated, for the purpose of acquiring such in- 
fonaatiuD and evidences of the site of this lost chapel and 
town as the tradition of the neigh bo urhood^ and the ap- 
pearance cf the locality on which they were supposed to have 
stood; might afford, I naturally applied to him for the result 
of his different investigations into these most interesting and 



THE LOST 10WK3 OF NOETnEYE AND ntDMEYE, 



17 



d 



importflTit matters, as well sis for any referenws to North(5ye 
ftud Uydneye the reconb of tlie Corporation of Hastings, of 
wliich he is an active member, might contiiin; and I feel tbat 
I cannot do better than give his kind cotnraunication to me 
on the subject in reply, in hia own words, though it will be 
at the risk of some repetition, making only such an occasional 
addition to, or alteratiiiu in, his oEtrrutive, as^ without ma- 
teriRlIy interrupting it, T thought miglit be useftil — a lihorty 
which I feci confident he. will excuse. Ills letter, then, 
which is dated Glaremont, Hastings, November, 1866, is aa 
follows : — 

'* In accordance with your request, 1 forward to jm th© 
little mfomiLition I hiive been able to obtain of the Liberty 
liie Sluice, and of the lost t^^wn of Northeye, wlncb was 
'situated ju.'st out of it. The accompanying map, which is on 
a reduced scale from asurvey made manyycars ago by Samuel 
it, a schoolmaster at Hastings, by order of the Corpora- 
)n, as will be seen by the extracts from the Corporation 
Hecords which! shall presently give, will show the extent of 
this Liberty, and the position of the chapel and f^wn with 
regard to the Sluice House. The chapel was situated on the 
piece of land enclosed by dykes to the north of this house, 
still called the Chapel field, and the town in another enclosure 
to the north of this, tm the road in Rainliorne, as shown on 
the mnp. Mr» Hussey describes ^ the Ch(i.pcl field' as two en- 
closures, which, he says, arc called ^the great' and 'the 

iltle' Chapel fields, and Sir, Lower does the same; and 
judging from a map of Che marsh district, in the possession 
of Mr. Vidler. of Pevensey, the expenditor of the levek, this 
appear?^ to be now the case- The bridge connecting this field 
with the piece of land immediately to the north of it, is 
called the Cbapel bridge. As limbs of Hastinj^s, Northeye 
and Ilydncyc enjoyed all the privileges of the Cinque Ports, 
c^pting those of Wreckage, Flotson and Jetson ; which has 

tttely been exemplified by the mother port claiming the 
whale, which was cast on shore in 1864, very near to the 

louth of the sluice haven^, as Jetson. This is a very 
jcicnt privilt^ge of the Cinque Ports, as is shown by a 
Charter of Henry II. dated 1156, in which he conlirais all 

' aw Mip, letler A. 

D 



is 



THE LOST TOWNS Of NORTtfETE ASD ilTDNSYE- 



the privileges enjoyed by these Ports in the time of Edward 
the Confessor, AVilliam L, commonly called the Conrjucror, 
Qjid Willium IL, his son, EUig Henry his grandfather, and 
In the time of Stephen; and it was afterwards further coii- 
firiued by Richard I., John, mid Henry J\L 

" At ivhEittiiueNortheyeljccame a limb of Hastings I have 
been unable to discover^ but it tvgs certainly at a very early 
period* For the Domesday book of the Cinquc-Ports, now 
lost, mentioned it as sucb, as apjjesiTS by an estrnct from it, 
given at folio 55 of the old Custumal of Rye, in which an 
ordinance of King Uenry IIL is recited touching the service 
of Shipping, and dated 1229, and in which, among the mem- 
bers belonging to, and therefore liable to contribute towards 
the provision of 21 ships, each to be fnrnished with 21 men 
and one boy, which were required to be found by the Port of 
Eastings, Ilydoneye, or, as it is commonly esilled Hydneye^ 
another limb of Hastings presently to be described, and North- 
eye are mentioned. What proportion of this service each 
of these limbs was required to contribute, is not now known. 
Indeed their history generally is involved in much ob- 
scurity, owing to the loss of nil the early Hastings Records; 
nothing now remaining in the Corporation chest of an earlier 
date than Elizabeth, except the charters, and occasional 
entries referring to other charterflj which are to be found in 
a folio volume of the date of Edward T. No information 
therefore, tending to throw light on the history of Northeye, is 
to be obtained from this soiLrce;both it and Hydneye having, 
doubtless, ceased to exist as towns previous to the commence- 
ment of the present town archives. We hnve the evidence 
of the Episcopal Eegisters that the Chapel of Nonheyo 
existed to a later period, 

"But although the name Northeye does n(;t occur in the 
Hastings Coiporation Records, the Liberty cf the Hluice, 
within the limits of which the Chapel is supposed to have 
been situated, is frequently alluded to ; and I send yen copies 
of such entries relating to it, as appear to me to be of any 
public interest; by which you will see that the export of 
iron, the produce of the East Sussex Iron-works, was the 
only remaining part of ita tommerce in later times. The 



THE LOST T0WIT3 OF TTOBTCBTE ATTD HYDSETE. 



19 



3ate of Cunt's Survey sind Map, to which previous allusion 
has been made, and a copy of !i9 rtiudi of wliicb ns relates to 
the Sluice Liberty I also sen<l, feelifig tbnt, without its as- 
sistance, no description of the site of Northeye would be in- 
telligible, is 175tt» Itwiiaaccoinpanicdbyarcport, of which, 
OS fiir as it has reference to this Liberty, I also send you a 
copy. It states that, from the previous survey of 1739, to 
that of Cant, in 1748, sevenil alterfitions }iad been made in 
the outwurd face and appearance of this Liberty, The mouth 
of the Hooe Hiivea, at that time open, and discharging its 
waters into the sea, was then ehokcd up with beach, &c- ; and 
[the Haven writer, being interrupted^ flowed hack, and was 
jmisible to escape. A uew cut^ therefore, wiis made in lieu of 
tthis,at an expense of el even hundred pounds, as I am informed; 
which cut now discharges itself at the Ji^hiice llaven, going 
filong the sea coast a distance of 440 rods, These several 
coursefl and distances comprehend the extent of the Liberty, 
as it ia laid down in Cant's il:ip, and show it to contain, 
upon the whole, 1,734 rods, or 5 miles, 1 quarter, and 56 
' pds," 

With regard to the site of this lost Town and Chapel, and 
My remains that might he discovered of them, Mr Koss adda 
that, In the summer of 1857, he went in search of them; and 
having arrived at the spot at, or semewhere nair which 
he had expected ti^ find tliern, a labourer, with whom he ao 
fCidcntfdly met, replied to his enf[niriea after any evidences of 
its existence and position, that he had heard of such a plaee 
lis Northeye, and that that was fill ho knew almut it, Mr, 
OSS tlien enquired if he could tell him of any ruins or old 
Itones which might be lying about^ cither in a heap or sepa- 
rately, in the neighlourhood. To which he replied that there 

jd to be <z power — a well-known Susses expression for a 
'considerable qujintity or number— of stones in ** The Old 
Town Field/' down by the edge of the Marsh ; but that his 
master had taken them up whenever he wanted stone for any 
particular purpose, as others had done before him ; and that 
he had carried a great many away tc put into the drains 
which he had miide in bis lands, and that they were now 
pretty near all gone. On going to the spot which this man 
pointed outj Mr, Kosa found the surface of the Geld much 

D 2 



23 



XHB LOST TOWNS OP NORTIIEyE AND CrDXElfE, 



Woken up, and lying lu hillocks, and the summer having 
been renmrkitbly drj, heobserved that the grass hail, to a con- 
fiiderahle extent, perished in lines, aa if over the foundations 
of buildings which h^wl once st<Dod there A street was to 
lie very aatisfjtctorily tmced, running east and west, the 
length of the flelJ ; and from this might be obaerved^ though 
not BO distinctly, other shorter and moi-p detached streets, 
running north and south. And an elderly lady, resident 
previously to her raarriage in the neighbourhood of BamUornc, 
ut no great distance from "The Old Town Field," confirms 
Mr. Ross's description in every particular. She has lately 
informed me, that traces of foundation walls were to be 
discovered, in a dry autumn succeeding a dry summer, in 
every part of this field; and that she had often heard her_ 
father apeak of going to the Town Field for stone, when 
it was wanted for parochial or domestic purposes. The 
period of which she spoke would be about a centuiy and a 
quarter ago. She had also heard him speak of founda- 
tions visible above the surface of the soil in Ids day. 
There were also evidences of extensive buildings in the 
Chapel Field to be then observed. 

The road leading to and from the town was, Mr- Rosa 
Bays, on the western side of it, winding towards the river 
southwards. This river flows from IJarnehorne, and meets 
another, but more inconsiderable, stream coming fromJlooe. 
The point of juuction of these rivers is called "Two fl 
Waters;" and is shown on tlie western side of the map, ~ 

" Crossing the road to the noiih of ' The Old Town 
yield,' 1 came," Mr- Eoss continues, ** to the remains of 
eoirie walling, which, 1 was told, was called the ruins of 
Northeye Ihapel; and certainly it had in its general ap- 
pearance very much the character of having onc^ been ^n 
ecclesiastical building of some kind. The walls were com- 
posed of flint bonldeis and very thin bricks They were eigh- 
teen inches in thickness, eight feet iiigh, and about twenty teetiu 
length. The accompanying sketch (see Frontiapiccc) I took 
at the time; and it is well I did so, for wheu 1 again 
visited the spot, in 1S59, I found if gone. Rather more than 
half the ruin had fallen during the intervening two years; 
and still more the winter following. I must, however, add, 



I 



THE LOST TOWNS OF NOHTHEYE AND ETDSEYEh 



21 



that this ntin hiiJ, in my opinion, n 7ery strong ri^al in 
the same marsh, iihout half vr^y between the Sluice llouae, 
and 'The Old Tomi Field,' in an enclosure which goes by 
the niime of ' The Chapel Fiold,'^ and where strong evidence 
of loundations is indicated by the uneveniiess of the surface 
of the field; some of the numerous hillocks which here and 
there show themselves^ indicating that foumljitlrins^ or some- 
thing else which existed beneath, had been removed. This 
spot I had not time particularly to examine ; or else the ap- 
plication of the pick-aso and the spade would probahly h:ive 
decided the point." Such an examination, Mr. Ross haa 
lince informed me, he purposes making in the spring of next 
year; the result of which I hope to be able to give at the 
end of this volume^ should it lead to anything worth com- 
municating. 

The fragments of wroughtstone given at pp. 5 and G itre also 
taken from sketches by Mr, Ross. Hefound them at the west end 
of whiit appeiire<l to him to be the rnain street of the town of 
Northeye. They are of Caen atone. The letWr M cut on 
one of them is possibly a mason s mark. The road marked 
on the map by a dotted line leads from the Chapel Field, 
over the Chiipel liridge to the Town Field, 

Mr. Ross concludes by saying, ^' I send you some extracts 
from the Corporation Records, referring to the Liberty of 
the Sluice and ite commerce, and regret that 1 have nothing 
more valuable to furnlsli you with." 

But wherever the Chapel of Northeye might have been 
situated, whether in the Chapel or the Old Town Field, we 
have clear evidence to show that it was founded by William 
de Hafitingg, Lord of the Manor of Nortlieyc; or, as be wafl 
commonly called, William dc Northeye, of whom wo know 
little more thnn this simple fact, and that he was a con- 
siderable landowner in Bexhill iinJ Peveusey ; and probably 
in other parishes in the immediate yicinity of Hastings, as 
welL Hia territorial na,me of ^* de Northeye " would scein to 
imply that he was once a resident of Northeye. Be this, 
however, as it may, the subsequent residence of the family 
was Bockholt, Boxholr, or Buckholt — for I find the name 
jWiitlen in these three dilTerent ways — which whs a aubiiifeu- 

* Sm Map, kttuf B. 



32 



THE LOST TOTTSS OF HORTHEYE 1\D HTDXEVK. 



dation of the Manors of Sdsey aad Bcshill ; the Lords of 
which were the Bishops of Chichester for the time being, 
from a very early period; and a grant of which ^aa made to 
William deNortheye, grund, or great-grandson of the founder, 
]ate in the foart^erith century; aa the following extrfict from 
the Episcopal Hegistcra of the Diocese of Chichester dearly 
fibews:— "1390, Richard (de Metford) Biahop of Chicheater, 
granted to Sir William de Northeye, Knigh^ and his heira, 
the Pnrk of Boxliolt, or Buckholt, in the Hundred of Bex- 
hill ; to be held by him so long as he shall eontiniie to pay 
to the same Bishop, or his successors annually, as an acknow- 
ledgment of the fenlty and services due from him to such 
Bishop, or Bishops, as their tenant, one deer of his herd 
(unam dumam de gressin), and a foxnet (unam Tulpinam 
cassiam),'^ which some commentator, in a note niadt; in the 
margin of the Ucgistcr folio, fi"om which this deed is taken, thus 
interprets — *' Rete ad capuind : vulp,' ' The Manor of Beslio, 
or Bexliill^ is mentioned in the Domesday Survey, nnd is 
stated to have been, at the time the Survey was made^ in the 
liarids of Osbern, Eiii'l of Fau In SiLxon times it wjis at- 
tached to the Bishopric of Selscy ; and was in the possession 
of Agilric at the time of the Norman Invasion and Conquest, 
and four years after. At a subsequent period it appears to 
have been, in some way or other, unjustly wi'ested out of the 
Bishop's hiiuds, by Jolm, Euil of En, who rotained posses- 
sion of it until some time during the reign of Rtepben, 
when it was again rcatcrcd by this king to the Bishops of 
Chichester; Hilary presiding over the See at the time. And 
it so remained until the 26th of Henry VIIL (1535), when 
it agiiin ht-cume vested in the Crowu; and wfts granted by 
Queen Elizabeth, in the 12th year of her reign (1570), to 
Lord Buckhurst, in whose descendimte, it still, I believe, 
remains, Norlheyc is still to he met with us a family name in 
Bexliill and its neighbourhood. In the 32nd of Henry III, 
(1248), the Abbot and Convent of Battel recovered of 
William de Northeje, by force of law, 20 aeres of land, in 
Besle (Bexhill), with its appurtenances; and so late as the 
24th of Henry VI. (1448), Adam Moleynes, the then Bistiop 
of Chichester, applied for, and obtained, a license to enclose 
two thousand acres of land in Bexhill as a park; and to 



THE LOST TOWNS OF NOHTOEYE AND HrDSEVE- 



2S 







^ 



ittle, and to enclose with a stooc wall, his episcopal 

ICC. 

Tlie deed of endowment of the Chapel of Northcye sttU 
exifits among the records of the Episcopal Registry at Chi- 
chester. It is in Latiii, and will be foimd in Episc: Reg: 
de^ fulio 1 77a, I met with and made a copy of it, 
the time I was engaged in searching the registers for 
y friend Cartwright, at the lime he wiis preparing for 
publication his llist4>ry of the Rape of Braniber. The 
0, a free transhition of whieh 1 shall now proceed to give, 
without date, but from the circnraatance mentioned at 
e end of it, of the death of John [dc Clymping], Bishop 
Chichester, which is there stated to have happened 
■fore the document was confirmed by the impression of 
IB cfGcial syal, and which therefore took place in the year 
262, and of its subsequent completion and conGrmation 
\y his successor, Stephen de Bergheatede, we are able satis- 
"ttctorily to determiuc that this endowment was completed 
about that time. 

The deed in the vernacular tongue, is as follows: — 
" Know nil men hy these presents that T, William de Nor- 
theye, Knight, have given and granted, and by this my 
present deed confirmed, for the sal ratio a of my own 
eoul, and of the souls of my predecessors and succes- 
sors, to God and the Chapel of St. James of Northeye, in 
pur<! and perpetual alms, for the support of u chtipluin eon- 
tinually to reside^ and to perform divine service in the said 
Chapel, 20 acres of marsh land in the parish of Hooe, in the 
lace which is called Tunge, and which is situated between 
le Hooe ditch [inter fletuni* de Ilooe] to the north, and 
le laud of the Abbot of Battel lo the south, and heads up 
lands of Richard le Clardener to the east, and to my 
demesne to the west, 
•'Also 5^ acres of land in my new marsh, in the parish of 
!xle (Bexhill), with everything appertaining to them, 
ids and ditches included, which Inud is situated between 



* Fivtus meona sometTiuiH more tli&n 
«pcu ditch. Fleaij Jm|jlic3 a pUc? o£ 
tinri iralcr — n ditch ibirough whiolt 
Ij^e W Uaal tloivB. It la derii'fd 



DUiJ FltvUutarKet in Loiidou oru bu 
colled from thtlr beinp flLtuat«d on Lha 
Flcot liitaii, oriffiuaUy on opoa ^uWr 
course. 



u 



THE LOST TOWNS OF KORTRETE ATfD HTDNETE, 



the fence [inter vallum*] of Uugli ile Choclingea to the 
nortb, and my cwn demesne to the south. 

'■ Also 3 acres of land belonging to myself, and situated 
in the same parish of liesley; which land Rahert de Bertsinua 
fbrmeily held of me in Charclecote^ with the messuage and 
appurtenances standing upon it, 

** Also 6 acres of my land in Sortewode in the some pfirish, 
with a wood, and the rough ground belonging to it, together 
with the brushwood growing upon such land, and every other 
thing belonging nnd appertaining to thtm, such aa hedges, 
ditches, &c., the whole of which adjoins the land of Godfrey 
de Go*lecumbe. 

'* Also one aero of meadow land in my meadow lands at 
Bockholte, called Longwysae; which one acre is situated 
between the Innd of Thomas de Boclcholte to the south, and 
my own demesne ii> the north^ and heads up to the pond 
of my Vintner [stagnum vinarii mci] to the west, and to my 
own demesne to the east; reserviug to rayaclf the wood of 
the same, and an annual rent of 2"2'. for the term of five years 
from the date of this deed; namely, 6'. on the feast of St. 
Michael, from the land of Walter de Stronceys, and from the 
land of William atte Water [de AquiL] 2\ ; and from tbc land 
of Simon de Bokelonde 12\; and from the hind of Peter de 
Large 12"^,; and on the birth of our Lord, from the land of 
the same William atte Water 2',; andfromtlielandof the same 
Simon de Bocklonde 12''-; uuil from tlie hind of tlie same 
Peter de Large l:^^; and on the day of tlie Purification of 
the blessed Virgin Mary, from the land of Willam atte Water 
12*^.; and from the land of Simon de Bockelonde 6'".; and 
from the land of Peter de Large 6"^. ; and on the day of Pen- 
tecostj from the land of William atte Water 2'. ; and from the 
land of Himon de Itokelonde 12*",; and from the land of 
Peter de Large 12", ; and on the dny of the Nativity of St. 
John the Buptist, from the land of William atte Water 12*'-; 



> It {■ diffifiuh to Miy wliBt Liod of 

fbQ» !■ berc id^nt bv (he nonl ti.]1uiu. 
Yar it may tiii^n tiTher a trenrli, or an 
emhanknient, or a Wrilt^n |tn]llift, cr a 
vtM. Ihv thrsM islelraitd Buman 
forttAcntiDDB, built reEiqjffolJvcly bj the 
thrfto Em^Tcrs nLi>» n&infa the; bauT, 
QB & prottctioD ftgihiiiat irmpttOLia or llio 



CrUc^I Viillt/rn Hmlrlnni^ VnUurn An- 
ion ini, finrl Tfl/Zftin Srvcri, Ui're, ihsn, 
ihe^ ire int^ndM] in ptprras artrniic wnU, 
Bti<i lb tijay be ib43 hudi^ in Lrm chsq 
before ob l, however, be-i-e tr&nsfntetl 
it by the gencrla term fmrf. For ft 
Jbaoo of Hooiti kind it doubUou woa. 



Xm LOST TOITOS OP NOHTHEYE AND IirDJ^ETB. 



25 



■^ 



im the lanil of Simon ile Bolcelonde 6^; and from the land 
of Peter de Largo C*"^* And for the satisfaction of luiy of the 
quarterly payment-a so reserved the said Chaplain shall have 
power to destrain on tho effects of any cf the said tenants in 
acfnuU, whenever I, or my hairs, shall require him to do bo; 
and to detain any part of their goods so seized during the 
continuance of his own will and pleusure, if they shall uotliave 
paid the same annual rent at any of the times above sppcifiedj so 
that he shall not be satiaficd; and the tcnanta shall be re- 
quired to pay all rcasonalde expenses incurred in enforcing 
the payment of the above-named annual rents, when they 
hall have been siilTered to fall into arrears. 

'' Also in addition to the.se paynient.s, I give and gnint to 
God, and to the Chaplain of the Chapel above-mentioned, 
pasture tor two cows and their calves, with my own cows in 
Hortheye, for two years. 

"Also pasture for ten nnimala of any kind, and their 
progeny^ with any of my animals of the same kind, turned 
out to graze in my pasture lands at Northeye, for one year. 
** Also pannage for six hogs annually, vritb my own hogs, 
from the day of the Nativity of the blessed Virgin Mary to 
the Feast of St> Martin^ wheresoever they may be taken to 
eed; subject, however, to this stipulation, that these auimala 
shall all of them be under the superintendence and controut 
of my hcrdsmeo. 

'* And I, the said William de Xortheye, for myself and my 

eirs, do make the aforesaid grants to God, and to the Chapel 

bove-mentionedT and to His servants, the Chaplains of the 

ne, from time to time^ in pure ami perpetual alms. 

*^ And it is our will, and we further order, that the said 

hapel be illuminated with three pounds of wax tapers 

nnually on iheFeast ofSt,Jaraea, and that the said Chapel 

e provided for ever with books, robes, altar, and other cloths, 

overings, sind all such other things as shall be needful for 

the due* performance of Divine Worship- 

''it is also my will, and I hereby further declare that, if 

, or any of my heirs and assigns shall, after the death or 

resignation of the Chaplain for the time being, or any future 

Chaplain, oniitj thningh negligence or perverseuess, to ap- 

int, within a reasonable time, another as his snccessorj 



26 



TUB LOST TOWyS OF NOBTITEYE AND ETDSEYE. 



theBistinpof the "DitxTse shall liare power to appoint a fit and 
proper person as Chaplain of the siiiJ Chapel; and that the 
Chaplain ao appointed shall be entitled to hiLVc, hold» and 
possess all the above-mentioned grants and privileges as freely, 
peaccaLly, and entirely as il" he hud been appointed by myself 
or them, 

" For the confirmHitlon of these my present gifts and grants, 
and that they may he in force for ever, I have caused the im- 
pression of my seal to be affised to tliia deed, in the prcsotjcc 
of the following dignitai'ies of the Cathedral Church of 
Chichesterand substantial laymen of the county as witnesses; — 

'■John [deClymping] Bishop nfOliichester, Master Walter 
de Bolnerina, Dean of Chichester, Master (rodfrey de Fer- 
ringes, Cnntator do Chichester, Dominns WilUani de Bnickle- 
pham, Chancellor of the same Churchy Master William de 
Vernle, Trejisurer of the same Church ; Master Godfrey de 
GalCB, Archdeacon of Cbichesti^r; Dominns Simon de Clyiiip- 
in2, Archdenron of Lewes : llominns Valeranduft de Moncewus, 
Kniglit; Dominns KalpU dc Heringant^ Knight; Pominua 
WilJielmns de St, Leger, Knight; Sominua Matthena de 
Hastingos, Knight; Dcmiiins ULcardus de Ore, Knight; and 
msny others." 

Following this, is a note providing fur the future safe 
cnstodj of this deed ; by which it is agreed between tlie 
same John, Bishop of Chichester, and the aboTc-mcn- 
tioned William de Northeye, with the full consent of both, 
that as soon as it had been authenticated by the seals of each 
of theiUj it was to be delivered over into the hiinds of the 
Prior and Convent of Rt, Trinity^ Hastings, to he tept by 
them among the archives of their Fricry. The Bishop, 
however, dying, as I have already stated, before bi3 official 
seal had been fixed to it, it was subsequently confirmed by Ms 
successor Stephen de Berghestede, 

The following Inciinilients of this Chapel are taken from 
the Episcopal Kegisters before referred ti^, and marked E: — 

1401, Thomas Thorpe, admitted to the Free Cliapcl of 
Nonheye upon the presentation of Reginald de Cohham, 
Knight, thy true and lawful putron thereof, 

14 > , Iiohertns JTesselyn, ii^lnjitted to the incumbency of 
the aame Chapel upon the same presentation. 



THE LOST TUWNS OF NORTEETE AJflD HYDSITE. 



27 



1440. ItidiarJ Hovvlett, mlmitteJ Ui the Chapel of North- 
'€, a vttcuncy having occurred by the death of Robert 
ksscljn, upon the same pi-escntation. 
There are no reconis of the adinisaion of Incumbents to 
liviugs ill the registers of the Bishops of this Diocese of iw 
earlier date than 1390. 

The Reginald Cohhani here mentioned as the patron of the 
Chapel of Northeye ivas doubtless a toeiuber of the ^' ancient, 
prosperous, and opulent" Kentish family of Cobham, of 
fcobhaoi Hall^ now Lord Darnley's; who were summoacd to 
Furliameiit at a very early period. John de Cobham enjoyed 
»is honour from the 19th of Kicliard II- (1396) to the 8th 
Henry IV. (1407). llis brother Reginald from the 16th 
the 3oth of Edward IIL (1343 to ISfJi), and hia son 
Reginald — the Reginold exercising the right of presentation 
to Kortheye Chapel as Patron — from the 44th to the 46th of 
he same reign (1379 to 1381). In the sulisidy roll for 
the 13th of Henry IV, (1412) he is called Lord of the 
lanor of Northcyc, worthy as there described, £3(5 per 
lum. It states his place of residence to be Saint Hill (in 
iaatgrinstead?) in which case he would probably be of 
the Starborough Castle branch of the family. How lie 
;came possessed of the Manor of Northeye, to the Lord of 
fhicb the patronage of the free chapel belonged, I have 
^en unable to discover. Four of this ennobled and powerful 
family were wardens of the Cinque Ports; namely, Heniy 
Cobham, in the reign of Edward IL; Reginald Cobham, in 
the reigu of Edward II i. ; Henry de Cobhanij in the reign of 
KJchard 11.; and Henry Brooke (Lord Cobbam)jiii the reign 
Elizabeth. 

Before 1 give the cstracts from the corporation records 
relating to the Liberty of the Sluice, which Mr, Ross has 
indly sent to me, I shall say a few words on Ilydneye, 
lother lost town of Rnsscx^ and which, like Northeye, waa 
'also, as 1 have sviready said, a limb or member of the same 
Cinque Port town of Hastings, The great antiquity of 
lydueye is clearly shewn by it3 being mentioned in one of 
'the deeds referring to Hastings, of the dut€ of 1229i and 
which is given in Jeake^aBuukuf Chai'krs of theCioqiie Ports. 
Hydneyeisobviously an abbreviation of Uydoneyeaa it is called 

£ 2 



28 



THE LOST TOWNS OF NORTHETE AND HYDflEYE- 



in this charter. So completely has tbis limb Leen destroyed 
that scai"ccly a tradition of its site rciuiiins. It ia usually 
described as buving stood between Pevcnsey and Eastbourne ; 
but even this would be no guide to its localit>-; for the pre- 
sent connyctiDg link between these two places is not the 
ancient road from one uf these places to the other, but one uf 
comparatively lute constniction. It is only of late 
years that some circumstances have come to light, enabling 
us to form a tolerably well-grounded opinion of the actual 
fiput en which it stood. Its being represented as situated 
between Pevensey and Eastbuurne was so far a useful guide 
to ita situation^ as clearly shewing that it must have been 
situated somewhere in or about Pevcnsey Marsh, and the 
following deed among the Battel Abbey Charlerfi seems to 
imply that it was in the parish of Willingdou :— Hugh de 
OfpSt son of Richard de \Vjlltndnn, gave in pure aud per- 
petual alms to the Sacristry of the Church of St, Martin, at 
Battel, and to the Monks tlK^reof, land in Wjllenduo, in the 
field called Ores, lying lengthways from the way leading to 
the house of the said Hugh to the Foss called Ordyk (Ore's- 
ilyke). Among the namea of the witnesses to this deed of 
gift is that of Simeon de Hydoneyejand doubtless this is the 
Simon de Ilydoncye, whose name stands first in the list of 
persons given under the head Pevcnsey, in the "QuJnqac- 
Portuum Libertafi" of the Nona Return. And in thelnqui- 
sitioues post mortem J find, '^ G. Hydoneye William, Proba- 
tion: iEtat;" and Hydoneye Johanues, whose property at the 
time of his death is thus described — '^Denton, 1 Messuag\ 
xlviij acr' terr'; v acr' prat';iv acr* pastur'; medietat* 
advocat' Ecelcs' ; ct xvj" vj" reddit' assiz' ;" *' Bysshopstone 
Maner' memV," And in 1419 Thomas atte Beech, by his 
hiSt will and testament^ bequeathed lands in Hailsham to 
Thomas Hydoneye; and in dcfaidt of heirs male, to his 
sistera. 

Upon enquiry of the Kev. Thomas Lowe, Vicar of Wil- 
lingdon, I found that there are live pieces of land in that 
parish, which are distinguished by the name of Hyilneye, 
The piece neiirest the villnge is enlleil " Great Hydneye," 
the second " Plough Hydneve," the third " Green Hydneye," 
tbefourtli"CourtHydiieye/' undtliefiftli ''LittleHydneyc," 



rUE LOST TOWNS OF NOTtTIlETE AND HYDNEYE, 



29 



The piece called " Great Hydncyn" is about h^tlf a mile, and 
the liirtLest piece, called ^* Little Ilydncye/' about a mile 
and a half from the church. They are all adjoiuing 
landSf and are nearly in a liae from Williagdon Church to 
Pe\ensey Marsh, *' Court" and *' Little" Hydneye may 
fairly le said to he iu the Marsh. A sepanitton of a portion 
of ^^ Green Hydneye" has been occasiuned by the railway from 
Polegate to Eastbourne being oan-ied through it Two of 
the names of these Hydneye pieces are now iuappropriatc, 
as " Plough Hydneye" is a meadow, and '^ Gr^en Kydneye" 
n ploughyJ field! Of the whole there are, 1 should think, 
nearly one hundred acres. Upon ^^ Court Hydneye," there- 
fore, I have but little doubt the lost Town of Hydneye stood. 
Upon a close examination which, in company with Mr, Lowe 
and Mr< Lower — murk the singular incidence of the names 
of my friends and associates upon this occasion — I made of 
the apot,^ I found the surface of the highest part of the 
field very uneven, and giving the appearance of extensive 
excuvatioua having, at different times, been made upon it. 
Hillocks and ti'enches frequently occur, particularly on the 
north-east«rn side of iL And, upon enquiry, I found that 
within the memory of persona now living, stones which bad 
evidently been used in buildings were to be seen lying about 
it. The present parish clerk of Willingdou, who is about GO 
years old, has often hetird his father, who died some years 
sgo at the advanced a^^e of 80, speak of buildings which he 
Cduld remember standing on this most remarkable ^^^, ■ the 
inat of which was a miUthonse. And the son of the clerk, 

* On the oan-Biei) of tfaa risitt to the b^ of HydDBre by Mr TiirTw» In 
compftny vlth Ue«ara. Lonu tnd Lower, ■ memlMT or Ulq RuBsei Aroh: Soc. uttered 
ttiL' /ullu*vlin5— 

Impivinjftv. 

T^klcg two Trieadfl of fttitiiiiiEirliui kiduey* 

TuKNEii uiArohod foribt <:<De urom, io tuarcb of Hldaa^^; 

(A Turocr Lo of aoda ard i.brcLiiiLrala bioun) 

To bring t-j IijfM Hint luQ^-furauItun T.>wa. 

JjHTB i9igg«l rigbtdt«p, and dwpet niill delved Lower, 

Tha HCBltb uT auoicnt moLber «arth t' cxpJiire ; 

But crrtit tliuu^sh Cboy 'liiSEtJ and delvor! amun, 

Tbo LoTTcst etmtuni thoy could not 0tt4in. 

THi potditt Ttiruor* lifcuglit Aid fl|tada ta ^^^J, 

And opvcnl Uidncy to I^ ll^ht of day T 



* ^r*ibr, avii, Btadiquc^fT^ffw. — Vlfg, 



Editok, 



30 



THE LOST TOWNS OF NORTHKYE A»D Hn>NEY£, 



in driiining some part of the field a few years ago, met with 
foumlationa of walls, which iiopodod h'm progress; close to 
one of which be carried a drain for a considerable distance. 
That E town once stood upon this Eye seems to be eonfinned 
by the triulitioii of the neighbour hood. It ia right, too^ In 
point of position; for a line drawn from L*evensey to East- 
bourne would pass through, or very nearly so, Court Kydney. 
And buildings standing upon it would seem to imply & 
public road somewhere near it, which might possibly havG 
been the main highway from Peveusey tu Eastbourne, pre- 
viously tfl the existence uftlie present road. There ia it mound 
upon the top of this elevated piece of land, which has greatly 
the appearance of being of Boman conslruution, but wliich 
is supposed to have been the site of a windmill- To its 
elevation above the surrouuding marsh land it tloubtlesa owes 
its name. At the time Tevensey Marsh was flooded every 
tide, or, vrhich ia far more likely to have been the case, the 
present marsh district was, like the Liberty of the Sluice, 
one vast estuary, Court Hydneye would have been far 
above the high water level. Highden ia not an unusual de- 
signation in Sussex for a house standing in a high position. 
The residence, for instance, of the Gorings, Baronets, in 
Washington, on the road from Horsham to Worthing, ia so 
called from this circumstance. The summer nnd autumn of 
this year (18C6) had been too wet to enable me, upon my visit 
to the spot in September, to trace underground foundations, 
which 1 am told may be done in very dry weathen Probably, 
like Northeye, these mwy many of them have been taken up, 
and removed from time to time, as stone or bricks might be re- 
qui/ed for draining, road reparation, or some other utilitarian 
puqjoses. The names Ores and Ordyke, I was unable to 
identify with any now-existing lands or dykes. A rather 
broad dyke of running water, on the Court Hydneye side of 
the marah, is called Willingdon Sewer ; nnd a bridge over it, 
Ilydncje Bridge. There is, however, a dyke ruuning through 
Court Hydneye, which may have l>een the dyke alluded to 
in the Battel Abbey deed. The paiisli of Willingdon ex- 
tends through Pevensey Marsh, as far as the Langney Point. 
And here, toOj the name of Hydneye again occurs, two miles 
at least from the other Hydneyes; aa is shewn by an old 



THE LOST TOWKS OF NOUTHETE kJTD HTD>'ErE, 



3L 



'lense of Lnngney Fjirnij granted in 1G24, by Sir Thomas 
Djke, the then prcprlct^rT to Thomfis Thungar; wliich lease 
gives^ in tbe emuneration ot the lands demised, the following 
names— ^^ The Cliflc,"^ ^'The Horae Land/' the piece called 
'^ St, Anthonie'9 Hill," '^ The Hydneyc Both." '' Tbe Piece 
by the Pidgeon-hoiise," "The Great Rbyea/' and all other 
iiinds Ijing from Pevensey to Eastbourne. This Hydneye 
liotJi is now a piece of miirsh landcl" about thirty acres; but 
at the time thia lease waa granted, a rough, hcatliy piece, 
Hayvrards Heath, in my younger days, was always called 
" He ward' a lloth/' and even now elderly people call the 
gi>ing tlere — ffJing to the Huth. I accidentally found a 
portion nf this lease forming the cover of an old manu- 
script Poll Book for the county, for many years in the 
library of Buxted Park, but now in the possession of Mr. 
Prince, of Ucktield. 

The Tomi of Uydneye, if a Town it was, could not have 
been so exteiisive as Northeye, Still it must have consisted 
of many reaidences; and a better site for a town could not 
well be fvund in tliat marshy district These limbs^ or otit- 
ic rng members of Hasting^!, could not, Lowcver, have been 
of iiny very great aristocratical or commercial importance- 
Court Hidneye, with the other four Hydneyea, might have 
constituted a liberty. 

'i'he Corporation Ifecords of llaatings make no mention of 
Hydncyc. Jeake, speuking of the situation of thia lost 
town> says — *' Unless it was situuted somowhera in the lands 
now ciitled * The Hydneyes/ lyiug in Pevensea Level, be- 
tween Pevensea and Eastbourne, I know not where it c^uM 
have been -, nor can I say whether those lands be in Peveuseii 
Lil«rty» or are a liberty of themselves; or whether tbey are 
yet owned by lliistinga aa a niemher." They are uot now 
owned by Hristiugs, for H^dneyo Hoth is, with the rest of 



' Tliia CliOr (EftlisJa) of Latisney U 
moiiUuiiiniiD tlicC'hurlul'U'^'Qf tht h'riory 
of LeVQB, ia 1:^41, uaotic of ihv aouUiDni 
boundfrleti uf & Iitit^t of lunrl of liiJ 
aortu whieh »im fpven to thnt PriofJ' tiy 
Peter de Stroy, ni iJin CJme he hole] ro- 

ttcQcrilvil OS hviua near WJUinfilon 
ThDm -. an'.l ru cxlvmiiug ilq fnr u tho 



mtoduif qhIIix] Cii^i^rjeae. Tliu Pcfer 
dp Siivciy kha unafc to El1^mno^ of Pro- 
vvnt:(!, Qutvn af Kenty JlI.,wlio ^uttoiv^ 
the Ciiptle iipun him t}int yenr, Itvioq 
much atrnchod ta hor relntivoa. Tbe 
Savoy rnlnue ja Londun wn« built 
by liini -, &od he obtaiDod from ilie King 
• Ghbrter for a market at HaiUliata. 



32 



THE LOST TOWNS OF NOHTHETE AND HYDNKTE* 



the Ljingnej" Farm, a part of the cstiite of the late Esirl of 
LivcrpooL And Court llydneye, with the other Hjdncycs 
on the ffillingtlon side of the marsh, are, I believe, all of 
them a part of the Kattoo Estate, 

A qiiestioD, however, here arises — namel j ; As to qualify 
ITythieye to be a limb of Hastings, as a Cinque Port, it 
must have been a seaport town, where, then, are we to 
look for its port? Doubtless at Eastbourne: which Dr. 
Tabor considers to have been a port in early times; the 
mouth of which was the lowland close to the Wish. 

The following are tlie extracts from the Ilastings Cor- 
poration Records," to which Mr. Ross alludes; and though 
they do not throw any ligbt upon the situation of its two 
lost limbs or meinbera as sea-port towns, or advance our 
Icnowledpe df tlieir history; still they are interesting, OS 
shewing the nature of the rights and privilegea which the 
parent town exercised over tbcni; and particularly over the 
Liberty of the Sluice, iu which Northcye waa situated, and to 
which only tliey refer. They seem, most of them, to have 
reference to disputes existing at the date of them, as to the 
legitimacy of sucli rights and privileges; in short, they were 
attempts to shake off the control which the Mayor and 
Corporatioa claimed to have over this Liberty. 

^* 1596. — It is also decreed, and agreed upon, that Mr, 
Maior, Mr. Edward Pelham, and Mr, Williarn Ferroor, shall 
have commission under the Common Seale to survey the 
waste lands about the sluice, within this Liberty, tbe Liberty 
of Hastings, and to deal with all such as shall ckyme any 
title thereunto; and to conclude and determine all suites and 
controversies with them therein, as to them in equity and 
their discretions shall seem requisite and convenyent to be 
done^ &c." 

" June 26th, 1597, — It is also agreed, that Mn Lake and 
Mr. Fennor shall, by authority and virtue of this decree, 
have power as arhitrfLtora thereunto^ ehoscn in behalf of this 
Corporation (Ilastings)^ to agree, end, and determyne all 
controversies, suites, (questions, and ambiguities now moved, 
or to be moved; ami depending, against any other person or 
perfionSj for the house at the Sluice, &c," 

■ pp., 1 to II, iDdUBTB. 



THE LOST TOWKS OF NORTOEYE AND HYDNEyB. 



33 



" August 2Sth^ 15f*7,^ — Tins AssRmlily have also refL-rred 
the title of the Sluice House, now in question between this 
tovrne (Hastings) and one John Cowper, to arhitramcnt, 
nnd hn-TQ chosen on "behalf of this TowTie Mr* Thomas Lake 
nnd Mr. William Fermor, Jurattes, to jovne in arbitrament 
of the saiile title, with two such others^ as Uie eaide John 
Cowper shall nominate/^ 

The following is a copy of an original letter, now among 
the Corporation Records, which appcnrs to have been read to 
the Assembly, April 29th, 15S*9; and which, though it is 
without date, nmst havB been written about that time; for 
it is addressed ^^ To the Right Hononrable, and my very 
good Lorde Cobhara, Lordc Warden of the Cinque Porta, give 
tbcse;*' and he only took the official oaths as Lord Warden, 
according to the Hastings corporation records, at Bsakes- 
lionrntj, m Kent, August 24thj in the preceding year. The 
writer was Nicholas Harham, an eminent Counsellor of his 
day; wliowns raadeaSergeant-itt-Law, in 1567; and Queen's 
Sergeant, in 1573^ He was a nativo of Wadhiirst in this 
county, and Mr. Ross thinks was Recorder of Hastings. At 
all events he was much advised and consulted by the Mayor 
and Jurate3 of Hastings, in Corporation matters. The 
letter seems to have reference to a dispute between Hastings 
and Pevensey, as to the possession of a wreck, which had 
been ca?t on shore within the Liberty of Peveusey. The 
letter is interesting as a specimen of the epistultiiy style of 
the sixteentli century- It is aa follows: — 

^' Ryght Honournble, and my very good Lordc, — Myne 
humble duety to your good Lordahippc rcmembcryd; yt may 
please your LordsbippQ to understand, that 1 wan requyred 
to advertyae your Lordshippe of myne opinion in a cause 
hftvjng in vary anc.e between your Ijordship[>e's Servants, ami 
the Towne of Pevensey, ttiwchinge certayne vyles (Vessels?) 
and other thinges wrecked thearc j wherein by cause the 
p;raunte3 made of wracke are only made to the Barons and 
Men of the Cmque Ports; and the Barons and Men of the 
Cinque Ports are those which are incorporated, and have 
capacity by that name to take wrei^ke ; bappenynge not onlj 
within their own Liberties, but also within their own Mem- 
bers; thewreckc, by thegraunt, only bebmgyth tc the whole 



34 



THE LOST TOWKS OF KOBTnEYE AND HTDSETE. 



Corporation nf the Oini^iie Port^s, atid not to any thnt be 
members thereof ; which bencfjte of wrecke mid lUber como- 
ilities happenjnge in anyc of the Ports and their Members 
by constitucyon amonges themselves^ arcappoyntcd toevGrye 
&iich one cf the severall poites, wherein, or in the Members 
thereof, hyt huppeaytbe ; bo that irnstyngs ought to have 
by the same Charter and Constitution this wrecke as 
happenynge within their Member of Pevenaey, unless 
Peveiiscy cjin shew some granntc, or other good matter from 
them for the eome, Nevertheless, hycunse your Ijordahippe, 
by th' assent of both parties, referred the consideration of 
the cause to Mr. Sergeant Lovelace and Mr. Alcocke, which 
hath not taken place, by reason that Mr, Sergeant fayled in 
Jtis attendance at the day and place fixed ou, and not by any 
default of your Lordsliippc's Servants; I suppose yf it may 
Btande with your Lovdsbipi>e's pleasure agayne to referre tbe 
consideraclon thereof to tliem, and that by virtue of your 
Lordshippe's letters, tbey may accept th" order thereof; and 
to appoint another day and place for the parties to raeete 
hyforc them; the matter beying nowc at rypenesso to be 
bearde, by reason yt may the better a|»[iere by the depo- 
eitions taken bjtwe«u them, but is nut to he doubted, Jrtit 
that yt will take ende> Tlujs lenvlnge to trnnbleyour Lord- 
shippe any further, I humbly take my leave of your good 
Loixlshippc, this last day of October. Your Lordshippe'a 
to eommand, 

Nicholas Bahbam," 

"May 14th, 1C04. The profllt of the shipping of Yron 
at the Sluice is lett to Thomas Mannington for this year to be 
collected, and for his paines he shall have th' one half of the 
said proffittB to his own use, upon bis true and just accompt, 

The fl"bove appointment, Mr, Kass observes upon this 
rntry, was made at the Ilundi-cd Court, at the same time 
that all the officers of the Borough received their yearly 
appointments. 

**Felmmry 28th, 1607, At the court holden this day 
iTCcordinp to custom, by ontb of Jnsper Rogei's, Henry Norris, 
Thomas Kolf, and Dennis DulTord, freemen and inhabitants 



THE LOST TOWNS OF KOETfi£TE AITD HIPNETE. 35 

of this Towne (Hastings), one spratt-net, Talue 6'», of the 
goods of Thomas Ga wen, Taylor ; and wyned stools, valued 
at 2'. 4*^. ; and a niyckett, of the value of S'*,, of the goods 
of Robert Wright, Taylor, both of this Towne, being des- 
treyned by the Chamberlens for the dutie of 4**, upon a tonne 
of Tron to the Towne by auncyent decree, viz., 27 tonnes 
laden by tl»e said Gawen ; and 16 tonnes by the said Wright ; 
at the Sluice, within the Libertyes of this Towne; were 
priced, as appeareth on the same parcells; which goods were 
afterwards sold in open market the same day, being openly 
roped and sold/' 

"March 29th, 1607. It is ordered, that our Counsiirs 
opinion and advise shalbe required touchinge the validitie in 
Law of those former decrees ordeyned for 4" for every tonne 
of yron laden within the Libertyes; to be levyed upon the 
Masters of the Barks carrying tJie same- And upon such 
advise, Mr. Maior, with the advise of the BrethreUj for the 
tyme being, shall proceed further for the execution of these 
decrees accordingly." 



f3 



3d 



ON SOME OLD PAElOCtllAL DOCUMENTS 
RELATING TO IINDFIELD. 



By MARK ANTONY LOWER, M.A,, RS-^V. 



The piirisb of Lindficid was, at a very early date, one of the 
' pecidiars ' of the Archbishops of Canterbury, and as 
fiucb Tpas granted by Theobald, Archbishop of tbat see, in 
the year 1150, to the College of Mailing. Hence the manor 
was, nnd is still kaown as South- Malling-Lindfield, On 
the dissolution of the College, in 154S, its revenues were 
grunted to 8ir Thos. Palmer, of New Place in Angmering, 
OSentleman of the Privy-Chamber lo King Henry VIIL (an 
enormous acquirer of church property in muny parts of 
8usflex)j who, in 1 Edward VL, nindealcEise of the rectorial 
tythes of Lindficid, the ailvowson of the vicarage, the manor, 
&c,, to llicliard Carjll, who undertook to keep in repair the 
chancel of Lyndfeld, and to provide an honest priest to servo 
the eure. A few years later Palmer luaJe au exchange with 
the Crown, So, after various re-gr-aiitings^ the property, 
both secular and spiritual, remained in lay hands through 
many chungcB of proprietorship, the ^* honest priest" receiv- 
ing at the hands of tho impropriator such paltry sums as 
£SOj or even £20 per annum, for the cure of souls, while 
the latter was deriving a large revenue in the shape of 
tythes, itc, Tliis, iit Icngtli, led to a very kx state of things. 
The Archbishops declined to interfere, and practically the 
parish was left to its own i-csourc(?9. Sometimes parochial 
duty was performed ex caritate by some well-disposed clergy- 
man, but frequently it was grossly neglected, and even the 



I 



OLD DOCUMENTS UELATINQ TO UNDFIELD. 



37 



last rites of tlie churcli could hardly be performed. It is 
Buicl that, within the present centiirj^ bodies of departed 
parishioners have remained in the church, unburied, for 
several days, for want of an officiatmg priest! In tlio 
iDeantime the fabric wEis neglected; beatitiful carved work, 
and elegant painted glass were soiTeptUiously obtained by 
curiosity-dealers; a. brass plate, cQinme mora tire of a 
Challenor, was removed from a gravestone, and a book from 
which the followiag extracts arc taken, got into private 
hands. ^ The late lamented 'licensed curate," Francis Hill 
SeweU, of Twyford Lodge, in Maresfleld, — a name long to be 
remembereil by the itihabitunts of Lindiield — devoted his 
energies and his fortune to the amelioration of this wretched 
State of things, by the re-purchase of tythes for the endow- 
ment of tiie benefice; but unhappily he was cut off in the 
midst of his benevolent career, with an unfulfilled object. 
I am not aware of the actual ecclesiiisticiil position of tins 
parish, but I believe efficient steps have been taken for its 
future spiritual supervision. 

It is creilitable to the Christian zeal of the inhabitants of 
Lindfield, and to the occasional liberality of the impropria- 
torSj that until witliin the last hundred yeaia purochial 
ministrations were fairly attended to* Sir William 
Eurrcll gives a list of vicars, or rather perpetual curates, 
from 1595 to 1719.' 

The manuscript to which I have now to call attention ia 
a foolscap book of 118 leaves, bound in parchment. Its 
contents, as will be seen^ are mther multifarious, consisting 
of churchwardens' accounts, nominations of parochial officers, 
& register of baptisms, marriages, and burials, lists of pew- 
lights, * church marks,' &q. It commences thus — 



^^An"' DnL 1580. 



'^The Boke 
Awcocke^ Churc 



of Accotnpt^ hy John Payne and Richard 
}kwai-d€n& for ihcpan-Uke of Lym/Jreld^ in 



^ Two or thro* yMra ilnw 1 rswuEd 
from B iJnflr.-li*?ftp in thi^ piniali an Iruu 

churcli by dio piu~iBb dork, h kiad b«- 

' Add. MhS,, Brit. Muft,, C*i9B. 



icnged to n nHniil^r of Ebe famllj of 
UbatlL-Eior, and 1 well reuivml>vr il ici iia 
proper «izgiii&l poaidtpJi over hu gnve. 



as 



OLD DOCUMENTS EiELATirfG TO U\DFIEI.D, 



tftts Coii/ift/e of Siis>iex^ tnad^ and f/dded up the .cxtnj days 
of Decsmbei\ m the xxtij yeare of the raifjns of Gur 
i^uira'jne Lzdie EUzabethe^ b^ the grace cf^ ^c," 

It appears that at the djtte uf the conimenccmeit of t^ftsa 
documents coasideralile repairs were bem^ carrieil out in the 
clinrch. The very first entry is thia — 

Imp'iniia, payd onto JoLn Ci^kg of tLc |j'udiB of alUinllowcs (All 
Sftintg), in Lew«s ^^*^ ^^^'j *l!*yt: of fol>riiarj, I&7U, for rij foote 
ADd n q'ler* nod for x.\ ^^iiarTjos of nawe glasue - - vij*- iixj*' 

** Itm, paid fpr newj Lcfl-lyu^o Tj footo of oald gljtaso - ^"*- 

" Itin, l?aiJ for slrj" holes nuiml/iige w'*" mild j^lniMH - inij*' 

*' Itm. pai<l for byiiljogQ uf iij paunfls, *tvd new luorlringB tho 
ould glodsc ofore&ftid - ^ - - _ xij*" 

" Itm. paid for a biuhcll and a podc of coles - ij^ ob%' ' 

There are the usual entries Top sacramental bread and 
wine- Tbe latter is commonly " Midmesif?/' The hells, 
bell-ropes, and baiulrickes, ajid the uburch clock, are also 
constant matters of expenditure. 

"liw. to druo ^re and Riu. pult(?r, tttr carrjnge the stona out 
of the clok Imiiflsa tuil makingo it dearie - - - x'^ 

There are also annnal (llsbiirsements for the chnrchwar- 
dens' dinners at the visitation, for their " horsse mcate," also 
for the "snmncr" or apparitor, for the regiatrar, and for 
presentmenta. 

*' Jt\ paid for fj olios of HoUon, to make our Vicker a eor- 
ples - - - - - - I* vj^ 

" It', paid to Welter WsbI, for makynge the sarpIoB, and for 
iij q"* of aa cUc of bollan, w'^'" did lacke for the fiorjilefl - ij* ijij^ 

Mt\ paid for a qiijtrt of malniescj the 36^ of Dccbcr - ■^"'^ 

*' It', payd to Mi. lvclljri;krl«ok for rijgiaLriiiyi." of cb risnyagij, 
boriyngs, and wQfI<.Jj'iig(i, w^- were in papt-ra, it vnregifltrad m 
Mr, Chftlonor'e tjnio _ _ _ _ 

" It'. ULoro laid out to RoSt Bullyn, for tbe mokjnge of the 
clok - - - - - - li' 

•*lt*. mote pfdil to ford of Dichcljug. for ij roppps for y" 
clok - - - - ' -iij 

" It*, more paid for the liammer for the olok 

Among the receipts for the year 1580 are — 

'' ImpmniB. Receyrod of Mr. Chaloncr for a sojto roomo for 
bym^elfe _ _ _ _ - 

^^IL' recejred of will"- Combor for oulJ carred worko 
*' It' roc^ of Mr. ffrauucifl Cbalon' For a noftto roumo for Ms mon ij 
^^ IV rec' of Hr. KilUugbeoke for uk ould cheat - xa 



Tllj' 



xij^- 



•■ iiij"- 



TllJ" 



vij'^ 



d.11 



OLD DOCDMESTS fiEUTtNQ TO LITOriELD, 



SO 



What wniild not a modern antiqiinry give W. Comber 
nnd Mr. KiUingbecke fnr their pumliiisca ! The o\t\ surplice 
fetclied six shillings Mr. (Frands) Killingbeck was at. this 
flate incumbent of AMiugly, anrl pi^jbably took the duty 
hero upoa the impropriiitor'a stipcud. 



'' I5S1. It', for n qnnrt of mfllnniBye and bremi 

'* It' pojd for sij CQtliiikiftmi;a* 

" It^ rue' of Mr. OhnUun' fur a HCflte at the chaunsell dore - 






Similar entries for seats occur for soTBnil years. It is not 
clear whether the charge, which ia usuully a shilling, is for 
the luJLkiiig fif !L new benchj nr (or what we call a ' [Ji^w-rent/ 
rre(|itcTit receipts of ^TjjinscotR/ (A.S- lan-scect\ or assess- 
ments of lauds for the maintenance of the church, occiir- 
Thcy are evidently in the nature of qnit-rents, and viiry from 
ij"' j'^ to a halfpenny (ob,). The churchwunlens then, as tiow, 
liid not forget ^'ourdinner/' which sometimes ^imoimts to the 
liirge snm uf iij'- vi'', while iiij'* iisnnlly stiJIii;es P>r '* our 
horssc-meate/' A groat for a couple of steeds from Llnd- 
field to Lewes and back was not exorbitant. 

The Lindfiebtites were ni>t deSciGnt in loyalty, and there 
are several tjntritis like the following: — 



" It', iflid oat on the qaeenea rin^gjngo dnje 



!'.' 



This was the imoiversary of her Highuess'a * crownation.' 
For **twobnrialls in thechurche'* the wardensreceWexiij'iv''* 
There are several entries respecting the Roudloft. This 
fipiiendage to churches was imnecessiLry after the Iteforniii- 
tioii ; but eitlier through negligence on the piirt of the church 
functionaries, or more probably from a lingering respect for 
things as they hud been, the Rood and its Loft remained 
intact for many years. We teajn from Stuwe's Chrouiels 
that on '^ 17th of Nov. (2 Eilw. VI., 1547) wns begun to 
be pulled down the Roodc in Panics Chnrch, with Mary and 
John, and all other images in the church, and tJien the like 
was done in all the chnrches in London, and so throughout 
England, and texts of Scriptm^ were written upon tUe walls 



■ TIjc Cat^biBm heni blinded lo Is 
doulitkra IlLut of Eil^wafl Vl„ nUicli hr 
■b ijljuticttoil of th^ Kilij^, ilnbil -'0th 



Vh;, !□ tba second joir of bts relga 
WBB dirodtod to bo (aaeUt hy aU hLwoL- 



40 



OLD DOCIJMESTS REL^LTIKG TO LlNDFIEtD. 



of tbose cTiurclies against images.'* Brnnd, in bis Popular 
Antiquities, remarks upon this passage, '* Many of our RooA- 
lofts, however, were nut taken down till late in the reign of 
Queen Elizabeth;"* and this vraa the case here at Llndfield. 



" 1583. It' Laid ont for piittjage ui a p'sentment for j" rood 
laft& , _ , - - 

" It' paiil moro for a Jayc takvngo tyll myj^heliuM 
'* It' paid for chflTges laid nat Id takjngc do^nc the roo(!ejofto 
*' It, paul fiiT pDtfyngt^ ill fl[ic>thi^r pSi^DiiiiGiit at M.ygh&\iiias 
" It' rocoyved for tht? b&rds that iintuj? frnm the rotid lofle iij" 
"M'^(15S"j> sould unto Itichttrd UonibroU the Tymber thit 
cnmo from the Boodo Lofte _ - - - 

" Oiitsiit for bis dayo wwkp in takjiigis the Hame dovvno 
** Paid for puUpig downe y" roods lofto aad aoltingyt together 



- ^l 






TIlis last entry is not very intelligihie; perhaps the setting 
together refers to necessary repairs of breaches in the walls, 
caused by puliiig down the tinilxjrs of the loft. The war- 
dens were slow in their cperations, as this rood-loft business 
exti?nds over three years. 

Not only was the rood-loft removed, but we have a record 
of the disposal of a much more raluable appendage to the 
church, namely, the Organ, which the parish clerk bought of 
the churchwardens at a very low figure. Perhaps It could 
not have fallen into better hands, as Mr, Morton w^is not only 
parish clerk, hut the public accountant, and probahly a lover 
of music: 



" Booeyved of Richard mortoc for the orgayua 



- xxvj'- 



VI' 



■ 



"1583, 2Sth Dec'ber. The whole p'islie hathe co'suntoJ, and the 
chefeat m tbe nama of tbo rest, whoa<» names arc viidor wriltca to make a 
Lanscott for the rep^aciona of tlie Churche." 

The names of the * chefest men^ of Lindfield are appended. 
Imprimis, Mr. Ifrac" Chalon"' (Chaloiier), Mr, Thomas 
Chaloner, Mr- Thomas Boorde, Mr. Newton, John Neale, 
Ric' Tyler, Thomas Gasaon, Thomas Button, Denis, Thora'a 
Tayler, Riobard Peckden, Nicholas Pankost, Henry Pankost, 
Thom's PjinkoEt, and John Gnrret, alias Johnson, churchwar- 
dens, Richard Iferoll, Sunt/ Richard fferoll, finches, Bichard 
Scrivine, John Paine, Jidni Nutfeide, Richard Uden^ Walter 

* ?op. AatlqulUofi, edit. IMl^ vol I, p. 195. * Bee Poit 



OLD DOCUiCEEfTS RELATING TO tUTOFIELD. 



41 



TVesb, John Trig.sfmc, Thorn's Pelline, John Pellin**, Jr*hn 
Pellinc, Heary Pcckden, John Scntse,** John Ncwmsin, John 
Bearde, Wiirm Jynnor, Stophane Martine, Rio* Suribine 
(Scriven) of Gravelighe. — Ric' fieroll of Sunt/ ^^^ Walter 
West, are appointeJ aud aauied Collectors of the said Land- 
scotte." 

" 15S4, It' loii oat ot mj Lord of Cantcrburjea viaitacion the 
STJ*^ ilnj of DecBinber ciiriSHrnjno o<ir bible - - x/j'* 

The Archbishops held ft periodical visitation at Cliffe 
Church, Lewes, until within tlie last few years. The allusion 
1o the Bible is not clear. A later entry is '* Payd to the 
Register when my lordeof CaQterbaryes visitorea sate in the 
Clife/' 

In 1!»86, among other receipte for * seat roomes' ia one of 
iiij"*" from Mr, Killingheute " for the vicares wife for e^er." 
This was * benefit of clergy/ for aU laymen continue to pay 
xij"^. This year the decayed leaden roof is giving way to 
' Healing Stone/ and wc find the following entries : — 

^' Rcocjved for nj nailo of Leftdo tij'- — for TJ oaylo of leftdo v* 

ftad for iij najlo and Lalfe of Loade* - - jj"^ ij* 

'* Paid Tnto a ma&tin for mendjiig tho pilltr at defaults - xi* 

*^ Paid to Walter Weste Tot befynge stone for the cbnrch" - iiij"'-" 

The hamlet in Lindfield now called Skaymcs Hill, is spelt 
in these docuoients Skerns HilL Bedles Kill is also frequently 
raentiooed- 



Under the date of 



l&f)l 



is " A note of those w^" have 



GcTen theire monye to the makynge a new out doore for the 
Church porcbc/' on Chrlstnina dity. The suras contributed 
vary from ij" to ij"' , the three squires, Chaloner, KewtoHj and 
Boorde, heading the Hat, 

In 1594 we have a trace of the Sussex iron-worlis :— 

" ImprmuB paid to Georga Alfreje for uevrc trjmjag of five boll 
clyp[mra - - - - - - xi"- 

*^ffliJ to TamtcrJ foreaiT/iug j^ diiiiH^ra to j" forgo - iv"-'' 



■ A place in L^iiUfioId la etill culled 
Sonuc nH'Ifie^ 

' SudL is tbe h&ido oi a rcEldencc la 
LSndGclil, now the shI of Gfo. L'atl, 
£4q. 

' A nail wM eli^bt poundfl. Tlifl lead 
uvlEet at Lmdiictd ituuld uii^irar, lo 



uirt It p\ah^ ovmiuen^al pliraee, lo havo 
"pulel ^<iit^," 

" llDaitfig Htme mums tbo Hur&hniii 
HLDdiitone, once much uaed for rog^ 114 
the Weald of Snan'X, (A.-Su. httlsn, 
10 i:QV(:rO Bw l;uj» : Aiuli : Coll. \\.i. 
i-lii, p. 212. 



49 OLD DOCOMENTS RELATING TO LXIJDFrELD. 

Shingles, cleft from the heart of oak, for the covering of 
spires, are the most appropriatfi material in forest districtSj 
and the beautiful grey tone which these oalien tiles soon 
assume suits well with tlie oU weatherworn character of a 
Sussex church. In the 17tli and 18th centoriea (as well aa 
much earlier) the occupation of ashinglcrwus distinct from 
tJhit of a mason or carpenter. On a few of our older churches 
shingles existed upon roofs as well as on spires; e,g., within 
my recollection at Rotherfield and Kottmell, In the backwoods 
of America, shingles are now the ordinary covering of 
htniEes. 

*' 1694, Pwii to the shinglera for howpge of ahingle l'- (SO*-) " 

Under this year we have also^ 

" PftM to the belfbnnil(er} for casting thd third boll, uid fbr 
iuett«U that wont to Mm _ ^ - * £ra, lO* 

Not one of the present bells (five in number) bears this 
date, and the third is dated 1631, with the motto " Gloria 
Deo in esceleis." 

"Laidont for e^cpenoe at HoTsamj for our Bclves, wid the 
vflnemwi (waggoimr), hia a'T&nt, and Jiie catt«l- - - xiij. iy^ 

'* P^ to oan tu coirye tLn monjo to honthiuu to tto bell 
foonder _---*- lij^'* 

This shows that bell-founding was then carried on at 

Horsham. 

" It, p*- to the shwg-Ierfl for Ifccir work aboat thi etoplo - vi"- x^ 

"Rqc' of Roger ffileijQ, for Btoam aotdde oat of the 
cliurche - - - - - - ix"- 

1596. " Paid tor Tittale for tboBo that did hclpo to Ifike np 
the hvWsy and to place theio agayne - - - Jij'" ij^ 

iri97. *' Paid for a iii?we huoke of p'thmoot for a register, 
to have the ouHe regi?eter in^rose*! in - - - sj*" iv, 

"Poyd for charge bcjing warned to Lcwoa to know whether 
our Newe Bc^eeter were inmost or uot - - " *j» 'jjj 

^' Pajde to Moorton for writjnge onr Nortc ItcgBstw - acriij'-*' 

Mr, Tyssen, in his paper on the Church bells of Sussex, in 
our XV], vol., iafonufl us tliut the fourth bell of Liudfield 



OLD DOCUHBNTB RBLATryfi TO LINDFlELD, 



43 



wftB cast ID 1599- These accounts contain tte folIowiDg 

entries regiinliiig' it: — 

1598-9. " Paydo Tor Ukyngc tiowne tie Bell - 
" Pojde for wayin^ the bell at Lowea 
" Pfljdo to the Bell foaadcr 

" Pajd« to tha BijII fbiiTiileir (EiliaunJ fjilen, pf Lewas) 
■^ Pftyi^e tjj John Comberj when tho hoU wna hangilo up 
"Poyd for Tittole for thoao w'*'^ did help downo with 
bell & up ftgajna - - - - ^ Tiy 

There are many other entries respecting the bellBj which 

mast have been quite a heavy tax upon the parishioners. 



- ,v y 


- ij " 


Ti^ 


- V- 


yiij. 


- iiij'^ ij* 


- iiij"- 


Tj* 


tha 





!*■'» 



1600. " Vttyd for tho Gajlc on Midtonicr da^ - 
*' Pny<l for my (liwrhar^ fi}r ail fticommunication - - u 

leoi. *' PayJ to WiUm. Sayer for the jron th^t the howar 
glo3 fltftodca in "* - 

^' Receved of Mr. Boorde for hie fathar^a Buiyall -ri' 






The following year the body and roof of the church un- 
derwent considerable repairs, and there are payments to 
" Gifiodnian Feste of Ilorshjim, for 5 loiuls of [roofing] stone, 
xlvij'-vj'^; nnd tx) others, "for fetchinge the Blonea from 
Horsham, sxij*" There nre also many diaburecments for 
nails, and for new dressing the stoncG cf the south wall- 
John Tregles wils employt?d for 24 days in splashing the in- 
terior with whitewash, which, from the time he tcotahontit^ 
he must have " kid on pretty thick." 

The bells, as wc Iiave seen, were a constant occasion of 
cjpense, which is not remarkable considering the wear and 
tear they had, Mr, Tysscn gives us 1603 as the date of the 
second, and we find in these nccouiits for that year the fol- 
lowing memoranda relating to ^her.' 

" Paid to Kichord Yareoll of fiticbGG for camnjfe our bcIL to 
Lc^ea, and for bryngingo hor homo _ , _ ix'- 

" Paid to Ihtf bcilfoLindcr for casiyngo the bell &nd for more 

8* 



mettell thnt went to tier 



uj^"- liiij'*' 



" Pftjd lo Jcorgc Bryan foro ncwc codftunyon taUle 
" Payd for a carpett clolbe for the ccmuiiiou tahle 
'^ Pftjd for JL coumnyoii pott (Jlagon) 
Th o cftrriaf^e of the lobt from Loudon coat 



iiij'- 



lOOfi. *' Paid fur carrying m of the mon/a for the ohuroheH 
La Comberland - _ _ _ ij*- iiij^" 

■° See nev, O, A. Clarkeciu^ jkapcr on Amberloy, vol' Kvii.^ p, 933, 

Q 2 



u 



OLD DOCUMENTS RELATING TO LISDFIELD. 



Oa coming to this entry I was somewhat puzzled- I was 
of course aware that ' briefs' for particular churabes, fires, 
Moorish captives, &c., were common at this period; but 
*' /A^ Chukches of Gombcrltind" struck me as luiiiauaU I 
therefore wrot« to Notes and Qaen&s for information, and 
the result has been some very courteous replica. That which 
was most pertinent and oKplanatory was from A. C. Veley, 
Esq., of Braintree, who, in his official capacity as Registrar to 
the Archdeaconry of Esaex, had happened to fiiid among tlie 
leaves of an old visitation-book a copy of the original black- 
letter brief, which he most kindly lent me for my present 
purpose. As this document posstsaoB a more than county 
intei'cst — as it illustrates the social and political condition of 
"the Borders" in the oldeo time — as it is pro tanto a con- 
tribution to English history — T feel justified in re-printing 
this rare, though probably not unii^Lc, copy of a very curious 
document. 




A Copie of the Kings Maiesties Letters 

Bent to the Lord Arch-bishop of CantQvhurie^ for a Collecti- 
on towards the reedifying of the Parish Church and 
Chappels of Arthurttm the Countie of Cumbi'vlamL 

^^^^^^oetUciifffnlr Jfatljrr itl ^Soli, our right truatic 
v^^^^^M, ^"^^ y^g\\^ wt'llnIcjucJ Counsellor, we greet you 
£j^ M ^^ welL Whereas we at our first comming into this 
1^^^^^ fmr KingdE>me, being giuen to vnderstand, that 
fiTOMlSa^ our Hubiect.s dwelling vpon Eske in the Parish of 
Arthuret in our Countie of Cumberland, had many yeers 
lined after a disordred ami cnrclcsac iimniier without any 
publitjue exercise of Religion; and beinj^ (out of our Princely 
Keale for the good of all tmr snbiects) desirous to redresse so 
great an enormitie, did then iippoiuta Preacher of goitd sui- 
ticiencic for thot charge, by whome as also by other persons 
of good note and credite, wo haue been since informed, that 



OLD DOCUMENTS RELATING TO LINDFtELD, 



1-^ 



frbereas tlie sayd Piirish (being of verie large extent) hai! in 
ancient times one priocipall Churcb, and toure Chappcls be- 
l<>nging Tnto U: all of tlicin arc at this day (thorough the 
former troubles in the late borders) bo wholy decayed, as 
that there is not any part of tUeoi left standing, wherein the 
people niuy assemble themseliies fur the seruice of God, an*l 
the hearing of his word: And for that also (the Conntrey 
being verie poore, and as yet so ftirrc out of order, aa th[it no 
raeanes citn bo there expected for the reedifyino^ of the sayJ 
Cbarcb and Chsiptwls) bumble petition hath been made voto 
us, to grauiit our license for agenerall Collection thmugb-out 
this Reiilnie, whereby releefe may be yeelded toiTards this so 
good and charitable a worke, by the beneuolence of suoh, whose 
hecuts God shall please (vpon information of the promisaes) 
to mooae thtsrevnto. We therefore (not doubting btit that 
our well affected snblects euerie where, being Niade junjuiiiutt-d 
with this their godly ami religions endeaiiour towards su 
good o worke, and likewise with our desire to hauc the same 
eBectcd, will readily incline to contributo vnto the Game) 
liaue thought good to signiSe thus much vnio yuu, and to 
require you to iHreet \ our Letters in our iiaiiie to the seuerall 
Bishops of your I'nunincfi, gining them to Tmlerstiitid that 
our pleasure is, they shall giuc order to all Parsons, Vicars, 
Curates, and other Incumbents of tht; Churches in their 
Diocessefi, to commend this cause vnto the chaa'itable deuotion 
of their Parishioners, openly in the puJpit vpon some one 
Sunday in euerie Quarter {during the time by vs herein 
limited) when there shall be present some good assembly of 
the people: and to declare vnto them that it shall be much 
to our liking} and a good testimonie of their religious seale 
and pietie, that they shew theniHelues readie to a^t forward 
BO good ail action, vsing there-witball such exhortations aa 
they shall tbinke fittest to stirre and excite the peoples 
charitie in that behnlfe. And for the receits of ench money 
aa shall be contributed, we leaue the orderiug thereof vnto 
your discretion, so as the money collected be quarterly sent 
vnto you to be safely conneyed (by your dii-ection) vnto our 
louing Subiecta the Bishop of Ciirlille, Sir Christopher Par- 
kins, Sir ^'ilfi-cd Laweon, Sir lohn Dolston, and Sir Edward 
Musgraue, Knights, inhabiting neere vnto the sayd Parish, or 



46 



OLD DOCUMENTS RELATING TO LIKDFIELD. 



to some cne of them, the sarao to Ic by them employed 
(according to their discretion) townrds tha raedifying of the 
said Church and Chappels: the care and trust whereof, we 
doe hereby require you to commend verie hartely vnto them 
ifi our name. And further, we will that tbe aayd Collection 
flhall begin vrithln one moneth after the date of these Letters 
and continue for the space of One whole yeere. And these 
our Letters shall be your sufficient warrant and discharge in 
that bL'halfe, Giuen vnder our Signet at our Manor of Green- 
wich the xiij day of June, in the Fourth yccre of our Kaigiie 
of England. Fra[ioc, and Ireland, and of Scotland the Nine 
and Thirtieth, 

Directions sent from the aayd Lord Arch-bishop, and the Lord 

fiioliop of Loudoii in their Letters for tho bettor porfourmuico of 

thj^ service. 

1 rpHat €ueriG Parson, Yicar, Preacher, and Curate re- 
-^ siding in euerie Parish, doe presently upon the next 
Sunday after receit of the Sityd Copie, publisli the same at 
morning prayer, making such publique exhortations to tlie 
Parishioners for their charitable denotion towards this giwd 
work e, as by bis Maiesties eayd Letters is ref^uired: And 
further to vte the like exbortatlononce euerie Quarter withiu 
the time limitted by bis Maiesties sajd Lettei's, viz, Before 
the xiii day of July, 1(j07. 

2 That the Church -wardens, and Side-men within euerie 
seueraU Parish, dee carefully and diligently attend the Collec- 
tion uponeuery such Sunday atpuhlique prayer as tlie same 
exhortation shall be given, (which is to be done when greatest 
assemblies shall be in the Church.) And 

3 That they do after their Collection quarterly made as 

fihoue, bring vnto the Register, a 

Note in writing Tuder the hands of the Minister, Church- 
wardens, and Side-raen, of the Collection made within the 
Pariab, together with the money gathered before the end of 
euery Quarter, so as the said money so collected (without any 
deduction out of the same) and the particular Bils of euerie 
Parish subsigned as aforesaid, may be seat vnto the sayd 
Lord Bishop, aiul Lord Arch-bishop ^JtLiti odc moneth after 
the receit thereof. 




N 



OLD D0CUMEST3 EELATIlfO TO LISDFIELD* 47 

The 4 quarterly Collections and Notes thereof as aforestiyd, 
are fa be retiirnetl, Ac." 

The accounts are much less regular from 1610" to 1G57. 
After the latter date the entries arc less numerous aud 
generally less iutsrcsting, UndftP 1659 we have an inventory 
of the articles belonging to the church, including ^*the Twoe 
Books of Martyrs, two fflaggous, one Cup and Ocver^ and a 
table doth of Diaper," The two books of Martjra were the 
celebrated tomes of John Foxc, which were at this period 
commonly chained to a lectern in churches for the perusal of 
the psiriahioners. In 1660 "three bookes of Martyrs" are 
accounted for. In 1601 there occur no less than eleven col- 
lections, probably by briefs, for the following objects: — 

'* For the dtstreflsed inhfttitoints of Eminsterin Sam^rnott^' IhS^ li^ 

'^ For the distreBRed inhnbituntfl of Sonlbory in Sutfolkfl" l?*- 6^ 
" For thedUtiesseiiahabitantfl of Bartholomew oiohongo" 

(London) - - - - - 10* 3* 

" For the promoting of Lhe Irnde of ffishiiig*' - l]*- 9*^ 

" For tile relief*! of tliir dUtrcHSed Cnthcren DawlceH of 

Dover, widiow*' - - - - ^"^ 5^ 

*' For (Jic rcliefc of the inhabitants of dankkiliBjn in Nor- 

flblk'* - - - - - S'Si-^ 

" For tho inbEbitants of West DiinsUn, London," - 8«- S^- 

"For the reliefs of Hooiy Dawkma m httle Moltoo in 

Norfolkc" - ' - - - 2'- 9*- 

•' Pot the mhabitante of Bridgenorth in the county of 

Sollop" - - . - - B*- ft*- 

*' For the mhabitantB of East Chagbora, Barfca'* 4*- 5*- 

** For the rtjmjrcng of the church of Ponfr«t in Yorkc,*' 4*- !*■ 

In the same year are the following receipts: — ■ 

" Of Mia^trcsa) Board for the broACihe of the gronnd of 
two grayea, oae for lier hu&bAadi and oue for her c]m]gh(er 
Mftrgaret - - - - 13»- 4*- 

" Of John ffayrehall foe being dnincke - S"- 

Among several briefs in 1662 is one which realized 5s. 5d- 
''for the parish of TariDg in Sussex." 

Church Marks, — When, in Haxon and subsequent times, 
timljer was the most available material for building, our an- 

u SometimaB, hotrevPT, thpre %re *'at UokJ4]i3d, bafcre Br Joha 3herly 
entrlui nmdu uL. rauduiii in ^u buok Kiii>£}Lt» nnci TLoDiai* Pi^lhEiia, aad 
batwirCD mrlier and lutor dAleri. Li JSichuloQ Jordt^^ Ebcjuired'" 



43 



OLD DOCUMENTS BELATISG TO LlNDFIELD. 



castors constructei tliRir churclies' anJ Iioiiaes with wood; 
ttutl tlieir parkji and dmrcUyartla were surruumled with /^afef. 
The last-uj*rned enclosures are now commonly fenced with 
walla of masonry; but a practice has long been retained in 
the WeftlJ of Sussex of enclosing the cemetery with wooden 
rails, each landed pmsbioner supplying a certiiin length of 
mil, according to the proportionate value of his property. 
These nilla are marked with the initials of the owner, or 
with the name of the farm for which he is liable; and hence 
the fence itself la known as the "chnrch-marks."" Here at 
Lindfield we have a particular account of the liability of 
each property in 1636^ and as the list famishes ns with the 
names of the lamls and landowners at that date, at the 
risk of being thought tediona, I will copy at length the 
entry as it appears in thia MS. 

*'/ft7ze, Anno Dni.^ 1636, A Reg^sier of Church Markes. 



" TLc Leirea of Jobn Marton fqr tl»o fltcmpcH nest lo tLo 

Cliurt^b ^hIu, fiud Mrs. Lucqb marktJ 
Wiir. Newton, Qenf,, fnr Grnvelvg-b . 
Wiir. NowtoDj for Wards land and Howland 
Thomaa Ncwnam, for Balding^ tk\&* Wickhun 
UJtliarii fTaTrthalli f^r Suntt 
Kichard fFajTehaU, of tiuntt, for Cobs ten't. 
Juta fiayroLaU, for Ctjka 
The eaine Jobn, for 9i[n.'hi:a 
Alr«^atidi:r Bridgi^^ fur O&tc Hole 
William Newton gfnt,, for Hnde, Mr. Lviac AlM^ 
JUchftrd Mooro> for tho oppor liaoklund , 

flVftJiccB Uamlciu" for the lower bookiaLd . 

WillJniu Boord & iJo, Vyiidll, for Piuuierdya 
HnTbert Boord, gent., for Badrsbella^ 

^' ace FoTEwliiBl Ylioi of ChiddinKlTi 
GXC, vol. liv., p, 2^8. Tho proctico 
Hfltili in farce id maDy pRrJahes. Tlie 
li4^Ht lUBinni^a with whti-h I nm n&Lnaiii* 
Itid ]a at Co^fuld, wliere tlie "markd" 
are Kt Jwply iQcisnl lliat ibtro m little 
dnngcrof niidt«kc ne^totbcliabiliLj uxd 
jjtrforiiiaDct!. Odc tsv\& oEiOLKt entry 
Hint Uiia modi' of fncloHiag lli^ l^n^u- 
ory In ifnicEually j^vtng ivu.y la more 
iitrnjiLueiLt fLDC?6 rrom lIlq ffeaeml 
cburch fuoda. For tLt ikDti^uit^ of the 
|jrinclp]u of icncing eacrcd ploccjit liy 
individuals Diid ram ilu», nee fvohecilat]^ 
(ibap. 1j1,, "TlLijiirLTni^iiQdordrn-ofULem 
that Luildtd the Wall," 



3 


QitU 


6 


rr 


10 


n 


12 


it 


]a 


T? 


11 


J7 


8 


T1 


7 


Ti 


8 


11 


7 


II 


6 


II 


9 


tt 


12 


IT 


19 


f p 



i 



I 



i> The namn pnnlctl la lUlicvi are in 
a lafor L&nd, and detitrto HUbuqu^nt 
proprittoPH. 

»* Tbfl Hnmlma were Hfterwarda of 
Suitlt tLii old mansion, frf!qui>D(ly »ferrf^ 
lo In tlioftc dwaineula. Another Francis 
Hanilyn (of Sunt), waa hi^-thtrilfi 
Ititb CJneon Anna, The co-hoircaeea o( 
John HniFilyn, who diod in 1774,itifiPri(id 
John BomT. n( H4.<Qrli>]<l, U[ii] John 
Dunntflt ot Wi>oilniaiicoltf. 

■^ Back olid I'S) euppoAed to bo a i:or- 
ruptlon of BoihullQ^a, Trom a branch of 
the fLDoient Tainily of ibat Dame at 
SalHhunit. lAnowd^e^qiato andnuHdeaoe 
i-i W. D, Jo'lauda, Esq, 



^^^^^ OLD DOCUME^S RELATING TO LifJDFIELD. 


H 


1 Tha Ti«ira3 of Biclmni Pankliiirat, for Awbroofc, Mr. 


^^H 


\ Ijr,, j,,j. □ ^•^ p. .t. ^^^^^^ 


1 Mr. Chulnuer, Will flriyers, Rio' Pftrfce» aTid Will, Jennar 


WVOt ^^^^^^^^H 


1 for fiayarft , , ,0 


^^^^^^^^H 


' Rii?' ffftyrehflll and John Strovin, for Injlora . . 4 


^^^^^^H 


Will. BarloDe Tor Warrens, ffraticia Wo3t» jan"" . • 4 


^H 


f Tliomas Coombor . . . , ,6 


^^^^^^^^^^H 


li/lsrard Enku>mb, for the lieidlc lutiil . _ .4 


^^^^^^^^^^H 


George BruCtj gcnL, for Htindfuild . . ,12 


^^^^^^^^H 


Thomtka Gholouor, Esq., for kiajt^s . , .4 


^^^^^^H 


TUo. Olmli>[U!r, Esq., fur king's, Cloarers' and Qroverfl . 8 


^^^^^^^1 


Thn. FayerhnU, for santhiR, ffrandi Hanfifn . S 


^^^^^^^1 


Tbomua Cbalonor, E^q., for bu^cfills . . .7 


^^^^^^^^H 


The sftmo Tho. Chaloncr, for boKclb, lafco Snellings . 8 


^^^^^^^1 


Richard Vjiml!, for ItackLifH . ,6 


^^^^^^^1 


Tho. ChflTon<?rj for Sneflngg , .5 


^^^^^^^^H 


Tho auna Thomas ChaloneT, for Jennors . . 6 


^^^^^^^^^^H 


The BMao Thomas Chaloner, for tho mjllt lato Wilebores , 5 


^^^^^^H 


Richanl Cohnjuii for FGlliug-bnclgs, ivhere the ooke vsan . 5 


^^^^^H 


Ritrhnrd Ud^n^ for lands Fate Paynes, above tha f^ako . 5 


^^^^^^^1 


NicboLuB Nt'n'toD^ S^^t., for E, PcaascalL'a (Haat Maa<jallG), 




and Mnuts . . . . , 2S 


^^^^^^^1 


Tho. Goomber) for Backhauls . > .4 


^^^^^H 


John Noftlfl, for Cripses . . . .6 


^^^^^H 


WiU, Bayerw, Jo. or llionwa - . ,3 


^^^^^^^^H 


Richard Scroevin, for OraTolygh . - .3 


^^^^^H 


Btepben Marttu, of the hriilgo ■ < .5 


^^^^^^^1 


1 Tho. Chaloni^r, Esq, and Mycholas Newton, gent, fbr 




j Mayes land» late SaeUinfs . . .9 
! Nycholas NcwtoD, gent, for Palnaer's icn* . - 9 


^^^^^^^1 


^^^^^^H 


\ Ridianl Crippa, for Plumerden . p - 11 


^^^^^H 


1 Tho. CbfllDner, Enq., for Coktbayes, late HenlejK . 12 


^^^^^H 


■ Tho fiaino Tho. Chalonor, for K-enwardfl, y mark y* is 




I dowD . . ■ ' - 7 


^^M 


w John fTaycrhall, for headlos," Qeorfft Luca^j 7*BCOond mark 




1 Egainfit y* woodhouBft, down . - ' .4 


^^^^^H 


1 Hpil, PrnDckburati for badehnret . . . Z 


" T ^^^^^H 


[ The same Hcn.» for Donnya Bartloja . , , la 


n V ^^1 


L The same, for land, late John Atreoa . ,4 


^1 ^^^1 


1 The eixme Hen^, for latid lat« Colmau'v butter box , 4 


^^^1 


1 Tho hciroB of John filarten, for Chappell land _ 6 


II ' 


H 


Tho. Baidgor for Cores, w : ji : {sic.) . i 


u ' 




The beiriip of Tho. Polling, of Pellingbridg" (2 marke) . 23 


" ; 


1 


Hoory Panokburftt for Chappell land - 7 


*T 


■ 


The Gaiflo Hen-T for Nosh Uud . ,7 


l> ' 


■ 


'" Bedleiu or Beilalaa, Into Bieiihoa Lawdl^U, Baq, 


^H 


" Hare wu haT0 the ori^ itS tho oiUDb of Lbe brid^ over tba Quae, stUl oallad ^^| 


FeUiog-bridgu, 


^^1 


H 


2 



£0 



OLD DOCUMENTS EELATCTG TO HSDFIELD. 



John Orpl?, tor Ihe Yule land 

Richard Pegdcn, for Notch 

Will Harilinjr* for land lotc Murtena, a Ijc {$ic) . 

Stephen Pegdeu, for Grayliogfi . - • 

Hon. Panokhiirat, for Ppgdpn, Infj? Tien, PplllngH 

Tho hcire of Tbo. PcllingT of bridge^ for Sandera 

The. Pii^khnm, for Himiminga . > & 

Uea. PimckhtirrjL, for IlitiaiiEgA 

John {Richard) Awcok, novt Widtyic Wtidt 

Hen. PanckhnrBtj for HtapleUnd 

The mark nest that wnp ma<lc» Anno Dni. ISi^O^ bj Richard 
PijgJen, of NoTcn, TIiu. Newnain^ of liij»[iing Crofte, and 
Wilt HnrtTing, for Gorringft . 

Thomas Hn^frat^ for Hon. Pollings land . 

Kfxt 1o that tiio P^itih, where thi; <Jake vas . 

Itiohapj EarLauif for Beadles Ilill laud 

The name Rirhard, for Qihbs * . 

George Brett, gent., for CoBtflrda 

Tho. Cbaloner, Esq., foi Lewgera, irwi is the lands on the 
LtJX hand of the Highvwg leading from Lindfidd toum to 
Midland bridijt , . . . 

Tho P'lBh, for whore the Aah atood 

Tho, Ohaloncr, Eaq., for ColjctH . . i 



SfDOtfl. 



6 


)i 


8 


n 


6 


It 


S 


IT 


14 


IT 


H 


il 


s 


It 


7 


^1 


7 


it 


a 


• i 


3 


ft 


4 


,.h 


10 


tt 


5 


it 


Q 


>> 


9 


M 


2 


rr 


30 


yf 



In these documents the changes in the ortho^aphy of stir- 
names art? very obsel-vulile, psirtieularly in the case uf Panck- 
liurat, which in the lifetime of a Bingla parishioner settles 
down into Pentecost. Fairehalle also became, through the 
intermediate Ferroll, our present well-known Terrall. In 
proof of this, "John Fayrehall of Bedles,*' 1622, is writteo, 
ten years later, 'John Verall. of Beadles. In the compila- 
tion of the *' Patronymica Britannica," after much guess- 
work, I deduced this almost exclusively Sussex name from 
another source, and I am glad of this opportunity of self- 
correction- The fine old Saxon name Garaton {ffaerstun^ an 
enclosure of grass, a meadow), has become in neighbouring 
parishes, as well as in this, Gasson- 

Paper in old times was dear, and, as in numerous other 
instances that I have met with, the same book waa used for 
records of different kinds. In our folio, wading through 
many consecutive years, we come upon entries raucli earner 
or later than tlie preceding ones. Hence tLe anachronistic 
sequence of these extracts. 



4 



OLD DOCUMESTB IlELATING TO LlNDFIELD, 



51 



" May tbe third, One thonsAnil 9\x hundred utd sMj ftnd Bt^aren. ihtn 
the throG huokti fif ni^rUTs^ aud aiintbirr rjf Ji!we]l am] Hanlin^i^/'' tv/o 
fljiggona of p^wWr, ono silvor cuppwith a cover, one table cloalh ofdiaperj 
oQc Burplflfise, one greone tnbb cbath, one horse cloath (pall) van de- 
livered to Dionesae Bartlott aad Bt^phaa Alcock, church^ardeas for thu 
jeare 1667. Rtt. Nuvi, Mimlateh^ 

At fol. 52 we suddenly meet with "Tlie Register of 

Christninges^ Weddings, nnJ burialls, and first the christaings 

the yere of o'- Lorde, 1583-" Tlie entries extend over that 

and the following year. The dorao of foL 53 contains the 

mitrriages in the years 15S3-4-5 — in all fourteen- In 1590 

we Lave the following marriHge: — 

" Thomas a hvncbiaan and Parsons TCiLtdoffG m&rried the Kir^ of 
October."" 

This Register comes to an abrupt tGrmination in 1598, 
and is followed at foL 6S by a document of LCD3, entitled, 
"A rehersail or memoriall to wliome the SeaCts in the 
Soiithe yle in tlie Churclx of LyndfeUle beloage unto, ac- 
cordinge as tliey are there placed, aud of right to them 
belongs" and so on, throughout the building, shewing how 
pertinaciouely the Lindlioldites adhered to the system of 
pews, Similur entries of pew-rights occur iu laJ*r folios. 

At foh 7G the churchwardens render account for " two 
books, the one for Ability and tbe other for Landscott.*' 
This is curious, as showing that so lately ns 1671 the ancient 
Landscot existed side by side with an asaessment or ^ Ability' 
r&te* We have no means of knowing whether both were 
payable from the same landfi> In 1G75 the churchwardens 
credit the parish with £138 iJs, lOd. "upon three bookes 
and for Lynen Cloath sold/' The latter portion of this item 
may be thus explained. At the date mentioned, and very 
rauch later, fltuc was cultivated in every parish, as we see it 
in Normauily at the present day, in email plots. Every 
housewife, gentle and simple, bad her spinnlng-whcclf and 
nearly every village had a weaver, bo that each rustic's 
habiliments were as homespun as bis manners. If, then, a 
poor woman capable of work became chargeable to tlie pariah 

" Probabfy ihe work* "f tin? Prules- i>jiiMmi)Ut Id iloftrns oi tJiu Runimi 
lauL BlBb(i|j JuML'n^ ami lljufie ut LUe Church* Bw Cbalmen, vol, xviL, u^d 
OQceetuiJQch l'i-oti:atikQL« Thauioa Hard- vgL xix, 
yog, wii^j oftorvarda b^cume JqwbEI'i 

■' Ew Sum Arob, CoU,, ir., p. 247, 
H 2 



52 



OLD DOCUMENTS RELITINO TO LINDFIELD. 



the overseers or chiircliwiLrJeiis delivered to her a quanti^ 
of 'tow* aad *tire' to be spun as an equi valiant fur herrtiliyf or 
weeklj dole. The threaJ thus produeeil was sent to the local 
weaver and to the neiglibonring fuUiDg-mill, and the cloth 
waa sold hj the overseers, who placed the proceeds to the^ 
accouDt of the pariah. H 

This IS shewn by the following extr^icta fr'om a ^erf 
curious, and possibly unique MS,, in which are entered all the 
parochial accounts of CowdcB, from the year 15S8 (31> Eliz.) 
to 1714(12 Anne), a period of oae hundred and sixteen years, 
communicated by the Kev. Edw. Turner, 

BoDght ill London at tj seT^rol tymss iij" poonda of 

flaxo atvj'i the poood - - 

Item laiJ out for epjneyug tl;oroof 

lieiD luJ out fur vre&T«ui|^, «hft€iayitg, oud wjkshmg 
thBrwf , - _ , - 

lt(>m ihirei vroi mftdo tlioreof IxEiiiJ olta of oil broad 
cftovaa; wUicli wflaBoijlJout Ijjoh [ike ChurcJiwaricns an J 
Ov&rei^rTH of the pnruli) for liiij'^ the ell, ffbich did 
fcraouHt lo - - - - - iiij' ^ iiiji. 

And this mode of employing the poor nKiuiring parochial 
relief was continued at Cowden until about the year IGla, 
It IB proposed to give some further extracts from 
interesting account-book in a future volume, 



- 3tX3C" 



- T 



xvy- 






These records contain numerous entries of the names of 
the principal inhabitants, the ministers, churchwardens, 
ovei"seers, and 'siirveighours.' The most prominent are 
those of Chaloner, Board, Newton, Edaaw, Hrett, Blount, 
Micbell, Fayrcboll (Vorrall), Holman, Vynall, Comber, 
Scrase, Feckdeu (Pagden), Scrivcn, Felling, Attree, Bal- 
combe, Lucus, Hamlyn^ and Cripps. To these may he added 
that of Bayers: more than one of this name was christened 
Thomas, and as the late redoubtable Tom Sayers was a 
native of an adjacent parish, he was probably of Lindfield 
extraction* One cf the branches of the family is descril 
iw"of theraiU." 




WORJf*-^ H^tHTS FOtJNiJ NEa» rt^^fiUHuS 



&& 



OTES ON WORKED FLINTS FOUND IN THE 
NEIGHBOURHOOD OF HASTINGS. 



Bt DR T. WILLIAM WAKE SMART, WLaC.R, 4c 



For Bome years past, in rambling over tlie high laud in the 
neigh hourhood of HastingSj and more particularly at Ore, 
my observation has often been attracted by the occurrence 
offtakes, and pieces of flint, of such form and character, as 
to impress me confidently with tho idea that tUey were the 
product of human design, nad although of extremely rude 
muiiiimlatiou, and in some measure of doubtfid purprjse, that 
they were, nevertLelesa, the indubitable evidence of a very 
rimttive race having existed here in a state of savage 
My suspicions bocanic more and more ccntirmod, 
at length, the accidental discovery of a tine genuine 
celt, dispelled all reasonable remains of doubt from my 
tnind. This occurred not long after it had been Mr. Ross a 
good fortune to find a fiint instrument of gimilar character, 
at a epot near " The Old Roar," At aomo time previoua to 
this, however (in October, 1864), my attention had been 
directed to a letter in tLe '' Times," fram Mr. Hewitt Duvis, 
respecting his discovery of"tlint flakes or celte," on Pos- 
Bingworth Monor, six miles from Uckficld; and from a 
private communication from that gentleman^ which was 
ftccompanied by sevend sketches of his specimens^ I was en- 
abled still further to verify the conclusions I had formed; 
'for th^ type of hia Hints appeared to be identical with that 
of fiome of my own. It is important to bear in mind, that 




ei 



MOTES ON WOEKED FLIIfTS. 



flint IS not a component of the strata of this diatriot; here is 
no drift gravel auperficiaUy dispersed, aa in some other parts 
of the county where the obatk abounds; but here, as in the 
Weald generally, the soil consists of an argilloceoas loam, 
with an admixture of small indurated masses of ferruginous 
clay and ironstune, nodules and pehbles of flint being com- 
paratively rare, and adventitious to the aoiL I have cer- 
taiiily walked over several acres of land without seeing a bit 
of flint; and, on the other hand, I have picked up many of 
my specimens in places where I should hiive least expected 
to find them, namely, where the surface was strewed with 
fragments of ironstone. The occurrence of worked pieces 
of flint in such situations, strongly corroborated the opinion 
I had formed of the origin to which they may be attributed. 
I have fouud them all on the surface, seemingly turned up 
by the ploughshure or spadej the celt I found lying on a 
piece of ground that had bocn recently denuded of its cover- 
ing of turf, preparatt>ry to quarrying operations, whcra 
doubtless it had Iciin for ages in undisturbed repose, at the 
depth of a few inohea only beneath the greensward. An 
additional proof of the correctness of my views was afforded 
me by finding, in a particular spot from which I bad col- 
lected several Epecimens of the flints, n few fragments of a 
very coarse kind of pottery, which, judging from experience, 
I consider to be of the rudest kind of Ancient liriiisli fictile 
ware. It is thick, ccarae in texture, being intci'speraed 
with small granules of calcined flint, or very fine gravel, 
and to all appearance, sun-baked* These fragments were 
probably the d^brk of a culinary vessel, that could not 
liave been deeply deposited, and had. been demolished by the 
spade* 

Tho flint implements are of various types ; some arc oval 
and pointed, as fig, 5, 6, 9 ; oval and obtusely edged, as 
fig, 3 ; oval or roundish, and chipped round the sides, but 
not worked to an edge, as tig. 8, 15 } elungated and pointed, 
as fig. 2, 7, 14 ; tig. 4, 12, have lost their points ; with 
a thin semi-lunar edge, as fig. 16 ; small, elliptical, and 
pointed, as fig, 10, 11; conical, as fig, 13. Ihtse various 
forms may have been designed for tite purposes of striking, 
piercingj cutting, scraping, and so forth. 



< 



SOTEa ON WORKED FLINTa. 



55 



As javelin or arrow-heads, 6g, 2, 4, 5, G, 7, D, 10,11, 12j 
axes, fig. 1, 13; knivea, 5g. 14, 16; scraper, fig, 3. The 
use to be assigned to fig, 8, 15, is not so obvious, and I am 
inclmod to think they may have served a auperatitlous use as 
amulets; fig. S U a very pretty apecimcD, having several 
linear markings on part of the surface. The generality cf 
them fire smooth on the underside, by which they were at- 
tached to the core, and more or less angularly chipped ou the 
upper aide. It is not usual to find perfect speclniena of any 
of the types; indeed, the most of them seem to have been 
thrown aside from some failure in their fabricatiou, rendering 
them unfitted for the use intended. Such was not the case, 
however, with fig. 1 and 2; the former being a fine and per- 
fect example of the chippeii celt, which presents, us my friend 
Dr. Hunt h[i9 remarked, a connecting link» as it were» be- 
tween the typical instruments of tbe Drift, and the polished 
Dint celts of the Bronze period. The latter is an eijually 
good example of the nidely chipped javelin-head. 

It need not he a matter of surprise that these ancient relics 
ehould be found dispersed in such profusion over parts of tbe 
ancient forest of Andred" the wonder is, that they had not 
attracted an earlier and more general notice. In that low 
stage of social developement, when the use cf metals was un- 
known, the ever-present necessities of existence would in- 
Btinctively impel the barbarian to the use of the commonest 
materials that might lie in hia path, and the qualities which 
flint possesses, would commend it at once to hta intelligence. 
Tortunute, in the accLuisition of such a material, we may 
imagine hia daily and constant occupation to have consisted 
in fashioning his fragile implements, whose very fragility, 
indeed, would impose on him a furthei' necessity for this con- 
tinual employment. Unquestionably, the primitive races 
arrived at a very high degree of skill in the manufacture of 
their flint weapons ; but specimens of a finished kind are not 
often picked up from the surface of the land; tbey are found 
deposited with the dead, in the cmrn or tumulus, as the most 
highly prized objects of the chieftain's worldly goods. The 
weapons in common use were probably of a ruder description 
than such as distinguished the arms of the Chief, Tliere 
, however, a notable advance in the art of this manu- 



se 



NOTES ON WORKED FLINTS, 



facture, as of every other, ami the flint implements aad 
weapons of the bronze age, have a polish, a finish, and a 
type that do not appertain to the prc-historic ages of earlier 
date. This comparative superiority may he perhaps agcribed 
to the introduction of metallic tools j a kaowltdge as yetun- 
attained at the period with wUiuh my observations arid more 
immediately concerned. I have in my collection, one or two 
pieces of hard flint which bear the appearance of haying 
been used as tools in flaking and chipping into the required 
form those pieces of flint which were selected for use. 

Now, what of the primitive race which^ at some remote and 
nndelined distance in the vista of past ages, roamed over 
these Sussex hills, fashioning the flints, and leaving these 
flcanty vestiges of an existence anterior to the dawn of 
modem civilixatitin? The Jinswer is not so easy as at fu-st 
sight it might seem to be. They were ancient Britons; true, — » 
but that gives only a vague and indetinite idea of the ethnic 
relationship of the race to the great continental stock. 
They were Kelts; probably so, — but we have no data 
whereby to identity tbein with tlie people thus denominated 
whoinhabit^dBritainat the time of CiBsar's invasion, and who 
have left a class of imperishable monuraenta {so far as time ia 
concerned) in the cireular tumuli which are seen far and wide 
beading the outline of our hills, and studding the face of our 
uncultivated land. In the chalk districts of Susses, as else- 
where, these memorials are frequent enough; but here in the 
Weald they are not, at all events, obvious features in the land- 
scape. Either they have been obliterated by the progress of 
agriculture, or the custom of tumular interment, so generally 
preralent, was not practised to the same extent here as else- 
where by the aboriginal tribes. The latter 1 do not hold to be 
the more tenable opinion ; and I could point out three or four 
mounds in the Hastings district which an experienced eye 
would probably recognize as harrows ; and it would be 
extremely desirable t^ set the question at rest by a searching 
investigation of their structure and contcntfl. This is tlie 
only means wc have of throwing any light, faint as that lijijht 
may he, on the natural affinities of the primitive race to which 
the worlcmnnship of these flint implements may be fairly 
assigned. Some years since Mr. Ross made the discovery of 



< 



I 



4 



KUTKa ON WOttRED fLlNTS, 



5/ 



a lar^ number of ancient skeletons, deposited in a Tcry 
remarkable mariner on tlie edge of tho Eiiat Cliff, at 
Hastings. Each skeleton lay on a bed of cbarcoal, with the 
skull resting on a hollow ffmt Ijonlder, or oyater shelL No 
ive:ipoii or iuiplement w/ts found deposited with them. A 
nidely-chipped barbed arrowhead of flint waa picked up near 
the spot. There were some iron rivets found ivith the 
skeletons. These interments are doubtlees of a very peculiar 
chanicter, and of ancient date; but I should not connect 
them with the priniitiTe tribes^ whose sepulchral customs, so 
fur as we know, had nothing in common with tins mode of 
ficpuUure. Moreover, the occurrence of iron indicates a period 
of advanced social progress, incompatible with the use of 
such barbarous iuventions. 



No. 1 

s 

4 
b 
6 

7 
& 

% 
13 

14 
15 

16 



REFERENCES TO PLATE, 

Qroy Flint, 1^ ini:h tbkk, 5^ tncIieB in kngtb^ S^ ittchca broadp 

DBrrowiug lt> IJ inch. 
Gro7 ditto 
rtlack iljlto 
BJucb ditto 
Orcj ilitto, tliin flakt>. 

Orej ditk», ahi^we Iho " liulb of perciuaion-" 
Grey ditto 
Blfick <Iittr>. «Uowe the ''bulb of p^rcuBikm" on tbe»mftU«r ond. 

^n ini^L tht4;k, Ehtr^FE a fo^bil marb oti one Biiio- AmuJet ? 
10. 11, 12, Grey Jitlo. (No. II ^ mvh thick,) 
Grf?j Mnttlcd riiiiL, { inch tliiok ixi Eniddlo; struck from s pebble. 
Uroj Mottled Flint 
Grey Mottled <litlo» ^ Inch tLJck in tbick^^t pffcrt, chipped round 

tWtj fiiurtbH of iritcunifLTcncH. Juleuded for diBc anmkt? 
Dark Gr^y ditto, probiililj intended for a knife ; flftke froTn a 

pebblo. 

boduccd to half dimcnoiobs. 



A few notes siifrgested by the above paper by my friend, 
Dr, Smart, in the excellent account and eqnally excel- 
lent sket^'nliea of the fractured flints fuund by bim, may 
be admissible here. Let me observe in timine that although 
I possess a very rudimentary knowledge only of the grand 
science of geolugy, 1 have for many years been an observer 
of the tractnred or " chipped'* flints, which new form so great a 

I 



68 



NOTES ON WORKED FLl?fTa. 



g.iwstio vexata among archEBologiats, On the appearance of 
the dnlioratt! work of M. Boiidierde Perthes on this subject, 
1 feilt that in siiitii of that liirtmed gentlemjin^s statements 
and opinions, the flakes and so-called ^Mniplementa" were, 
Jot the mo^t part, the results of natural causes, and not of 
Lnraan ngcncy. 

It is tlie opinion — arrived at, as I thinic, on just grounda 
— of several of my al.ik'St colleagues in this society, that it 
is not desirable to muke our '^Collections" the arena of a 
discnsaion on the subject, wliich ia of far more than local 
interest and importance. In ftict, a whole volume might be 
occupied with useless controversy, to the exclusion of valuable 
!ind[iertinent matter. Without, therefore! entering into any 
lengthened argnraent, I shall content myself with the atate- 
ment of a few fiicts, — the result of my own observations, — 
which have reliUioti to Suaaex alone. 

)n 1845— a year remarkable for antiquities of another 
nature, wbich gave birth to the Sussex Arcliffiological Society, 
namely, the findingof the bones of Gundrada and DeWarenne, 
ntSonthoVcr — my attention was drawn to a ^^ baJlast-hoIc,'' 
orbed of dr^^ near the site of the present railway station, 
at Lewes, There was brought to light a tusk of an animal 
of tJie elephant speeie:^, more tl»an eleven feet in lengtli, 
which was sunontuleil and overlaid by ton^ot fractured flints, 
more or less like those figured by Dr. Smart* Of course Ur, 
Smart's fig. 1 is the work of some man's hands; of the rest I 
should be either sceptical or an utter unbeliever; and here 
ai-e my reasons: — 

For more tlmn thirty-fivc years I Ijave lived in a chalk 
district; and, in thtinstinds of walks npon our beautiful 
South Powns, I have been a tolerably close observer of 
obficrvalle matters. I have constantly noticed the fantastic 
forms in which entire and '^patinaCed'' flints occur on the bare 
aoil- About thejn there is no sort of doubt, for if they 
resemble tlie horn or the tusk of an animal, it is perfectly 
clear that they are merely freaka or accidents uf nature — 
luS2is natura^ Antl in crossing any piece of arable ground, 
the fractured flints to be met with are in forms inmimerahle. 
At first sight some of these look like handiwork; but by 
compaj-isou with tliousaiids of otherSj graduating from 



I 



NOTES OS WOnKED FLISTS. 



69 



the obvious design and work of nmnT U* tlie naturiilly- 
frnctured flint, every uupvejudicci observer must see, not 
only in the j;radufttion of form, but in the immense numkT 
— millions upon millions — that they are the result of natunil 
causes. 

For many years past, flint-diggers and otlier day labourers, 
around Lewes, Lavn been in the habit of bringing me anv 
thingcurious that they may havodug up* from a Celtic or Romilu 
urn, down to a chipped or worked flint. Some of the latter 
have been genuine *^ Celts," shewing not mer(?ly humun 
design, but a vast amount of ingenuity and elaboration ; but 
more frequently the "cnrosity'* as they call it, baa been a 
flint broken into some apparently artiticial form by mere 
accident, and having no more relutiouahip to human agency 
than have the piled-np clouds over the fiuders' heads to the 
animals wbicU tbey resemble. 

We have all seen rocks and 'castles in the air;' End I am 
convinced that tbe very great majority of these fantastically- 
shaped flints hiivc received their forms from accident, and not 
from design. 

In proof of this, a few years since, a little boy (one of my 
cwn sous) who had seen me give a shilling to a worcfiy 
labourer for some curiously * chipped' flints, said, "Why 
pnpa, I could ^et yon ^ a lot' as good aa those, from the flint- 
Leaps on the Brighton road;'' aud on my oft'ei'ing him a 
peony each for as many as he could hring me, he went out 
the next morning, and brought home fourteen specimens, 
most of which were quite us good as those which usimlly pass 
current as *^ flint implementfi." 

As to the "flint flakes, or celts," found at Possingworth 
(see ante. p. 53) I am convinced that tbey were simply the 
Bplinters of chalk flints, which had been cracked in their 
passage tbrough a lime-kiln, — as the btnd whei-e tbey were 
found was well known to Lave been extensively manured 
with lime from the South Downs. 

To idl readers inteicstijd iii ** fractured flints " [ would 



I 1 



60 



NOTES ON WOUSED FLINTS. 



recommend the perusal of a most able pamplilet on the 
subject, by Nicbolas Whitley, Esq., one of the Hon, 
Secretaries of the Koyal Institution of Cornwall, entitled 
"Flint Implements" (Longman, 1865), in which, by the 
employment of the redncHo ad ahsurdum^ on the geological 
and ^^ antiquity of man'* subject, he shews the fallacy of 
previous theori^. 



M. A. L, 





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OTEIIALL. 



Bv the Rkv. KDWARI) 'l"URSER, M.A. 






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Ts continuation of my liiati^r^ of Susaei MAnoriftI ResMencpa 
now converted into farm houses, 1 have aelect^d Ote, or, ns 
^t is now commonly written, Oathall, as the subject of thi; 
reaenl paper; not only because it ia a house oOousidcrublij 
interest in itaelf, but becimse it will enable me to bring un<iL*p 
the notice of the Society another distinguiahuJ branch of thi; 
Shirley family, who were, during the sixteenth and seven' 
tcenth centuries, largely connected with the county. Of Isfielil 
Place, one of their rosidenccE, I gave an account in the preced- 
ing Volume, Oteliall, which was another, was siiiiated ou 

e fioutb side of the parish of Wivelsfield, uear to that open 
tract of ground, which is genenilly known as Dilcliling 
Common, over which it is approached. It is a mussiv*: 
" uilding, resembling in its form the letter T ; the front, which 
Is to the north, being constructed of brick, imd the part 
goiTtg off at right angles from it, of timber framc-wurk and 
plaster. It is of considerable size, and appears to be but little 
altered from what it was when it was first erected. Tho 
rooms of which it consists are large and well proportioned, 

xternally, it6 gable ends and lines of chimneys, united bo as 
to form sets of four or five, as they are seen from the road, 
running north and south across tiiis common, lowering above 

e fine old trees by which it is still surrounded, have a 
trikingly picturcstiuc effect. It ia a fair specimen of the 
domestic stjic of architecture which prevailed in this coun- 
try at the close of the r^-dgn of Elizabeth, and during the 




62 



OTtRALL* 



reigns of Jatnes I. aad the two Charleses, of which Susses can 
boast of some good exiimplea. Over the projecting entrance 
is the date 1500, ivith the initials T.G. Connactlag 
these letters and this date with documeuts referring to 
the possessors of the property thi^rtabouta nt that 
period, tvc find that they are the initiab of Thomas 
Godman, who owned the estate at that time, and by whom 
the house was doubtless built ; or, at least, the front of 
it, the back, op timber-framed part, being of a more ancient 
date. He appears to have been connected with the family of 
Godman, resident at Hempstead, in Framfield; but in what 
way I have been anable to ascertain. The house is devoid 
of external and internal ornameutation ; except that Hors- 
field, in his history of Sussex, mentions that in one of the 
wiadows of this house ai'e the following arms in st4i]Eied 
glass: — Sa; a Lion rainpsint, Ar. crowned Or. G-u ; three 
Lions rampant, guardunt, Or; beneath which is Henricus 
IL (?) Paly of six, Or and Az»; acanton Ermine; beneath whicli 
is Shirley of Sussex. Ermine three long bows, Glj. stringed 
At, But this heraldry is obviously eri-oueoiis. 

That there was a residence here previous to tlie eretitionof 
tbe present house, indeed at a very early period, is shown by 
the possessors of the ilanor at that time> taking the terri- 
torial designation of ^^ de Otehall " from it. A family so 
edited were living here as early as the I4th of Edward IIL 
(1341) ; John de Otehall being uientioued in the Nona 
Keturn of that year, as oueof the four Jurors examined at Lewea 
upon the value of the artick-s of agricultural produce in the 
pariab of Ditchling, of which Wivelstield was then a Chnpel of 
Ease only, included in that return. Different members of 
this family apjiear to have been the Lords of this Manor, 
until the reign of liicliard II, ; in the second year of which 
(1379) Kichard Kentish is stated to have been the pro- 
prietor; and in this family it seems to have continued until 
Bome time during the reign of Henry VI., when John 
Atteze is stated to have been thu LoitJ. From this family 
it passed into tJie bands of John Rlidielbouine, of West- 
meston; whose son Edwoi^d resided at Hammond's Place, 
St. John's Common, in Clayton. Of John Miohclbourne it 
wae purchased by Edward Godman, at whose death it went 



OTEHALL. 



63 



to Ins only son Tdin ; and at. lus decease, to "Williftra SLlrley, 
who had marriiid his daughter and heiress Elizabeth, 

This Williiim Sliirloy was of the Preston Place branch of 
this illustrioaa fiiniily. Of the Shirleys of WistoHi Mr, 
M- A. LowLT hsis given u§ a history in Volume V,, {k 10, of our 
ArchfRologlnul Collectinns- From thla Weleurn tlmt Willisim 
Bhlrler, Esq., snrceeded to Wlstoti at the death of hia father, 
8ir Uichard. in 1640; and that by his wife Mary^ who waa 
the daughter of Thomas Isley, Esq., of Snndridge, in Kent, 
he had tvro sons and one daughter- Of the two sons, 
Anthony, the younger, settled at Preston, near Rrighton; an 
eatnte wliicli he obtained through the interest of his mother, 
who, though she had married again, her second husband 
being Richard Elrington, Esq,, by whom she had children, 
is said "to have reaiitt^?d no care to her first progeny,'' He 
married Hnrbui'si, the daughter of Sir Thomas W alsingham, 
of Scanbury, co- Kent; and by her, had a large family. He 
died in 16^4, and wiia buried in Preston Church, 

The Rev, Charles Townsend, sp'^aking in an article in the 
British Mngaeine, of Preston Church, and the tomb there 
erected to the memory of this Anthony Shirley, says : — "On 
the northern side of the chancel, within the altar rails, 
stands the tomb of one of the Shirley family, the possessor of 
this'' — the Preston Place — ''property, in the age of Elizabeth ; 
and the more ancient possesacrs of other and more ample 
domains in another [lart of this county" — Wistou. '^ The 
tomb ia that of the uncle of the Three Travellers, where, in 
the centre of six quarterfoils, are the shields of the family, 
and its alliances* The monument is simple and elegant in 
it9 construction; and it is impossible to see it, as it is 
placed in the church, without feeling it to be a symbol of 
gentility and noble hearing. 'J'he inscription on this tomb is 
aa follows:— ^ Here licth the body of Anthony Shirley^ 
second Bonne to William Shirley, Esq,, of Wiston, 
who died the Seventh day of December, 1624.' And 
on a ahib: — ^ Hei-e lieth buried the body of Elizabeth, 
the daughter of Sir likhard Shirley, Buronett, who de- 
parted this life the 23rd day of April, Anno Domini, 
1684/ She died in her infam^y- having been baptised the 
22nd, and buried the ^Ctli of April, On another l^mb is aa 



64 



OTEUALL. 



follows: — ' Bartinrft^ tbu wife of Atitliony Sliirley^ daughter 
of Sir Tlioiuiia Wsilsinyliam, Kuight, of Scanbury, id Kcnt^ 
wbo d\&\ tlie ?n(l January, 1623/ On tlie wiill^ over thti 
tomb of Anthony Sl^irley, were^ until within s few years 
btick, when they were doIaceJ by wliitewush, the cffigica of a 
gentleman and lady, kneeling Qt a desk. Beneath theiu were 
seven boys and five girls, havint^ tlcir Christian names over 
tliern. The^- names show that the two figures at the de^k 
\tcre intended lo represent Anthony Shirley and his wife, 
and their family of tvvelre children," In thi9, however^ Mr, 
Evelyn Philip Shirley, the learned hlstoriun of the Shirley 
tamily, considers Mr. Townsend to be mistaken. For 
s[>e3ikingj in his Steinmatii Shirleitiniti of Preston and tills 
ancient tomb, he says: — "' Preston Church la a small, unpre- 
tending huihiing, ^^ontaining the curious altar- to rab of 
Kdward Elrington, Esq,, the youngest son of Sir John 
Elrington, of Iloggaston, Middlesex, Knight; whose son 
Itichiird, by Beatrix, the third daughter of Sir Rauff 
Khirley, of Wiston^ be<iueiithed his fi-eehold in Pi-pston, 
to Marie hia wife, whose first husband was William 
Shirley, Esq. It is to her that Sir Ricbard Shirley 
alludes, when he says that the Manor of Preston 
"came to Anthony Shirley*'— her second son by her first 
husband, by the gift ami procurement of his mother, — 
[*he being ^'unwilling to alienate it from the ancient and 
renowned family of tihirly/' She is mentioned in the will 
of Sir Itaulf Shirley, of Wiston, as one of his daughters, 
*Mtem : I bequeathe to my daughters, Johanne, the wife of Sir 
William Dautrey, of Moor, in Petworth ; Elizabeth, the wife of 
John Lee, Esq,, of Lee, in Fittlcworth; Beatrix Elring- 
ton; and habel, tlic wiic of JohnDawtroy, of Southampton, 
Esqre,; everye of them XXs., or the vslue thereof," Mrs. 
Mary Elrington, the wife of Richard Elrington, Esq,, was 
buried in the south chancel of Wistoii Church, iFuIy 2nd 
IG%, (see Wiston Registers), where ber two husbands had 
l>een previously interred. They all were deposited under the 
Biirae altar-tomb, wLitik is now destroyed. On it were their 
Arras, and an inscription to the memory of each. That to 
the second husband was — ^^ Here lyeth Richard Klriiigton ; 
who deceased the 9th of February, 15(39." Sir Hichard 



OTEHALL, 



65 



Shirley, the first huslni hi, diyrl'Mhe I9lh day of May, 1551, 
uml III the 5th y*^ur of Kiu^ Rdw. VL" 

The Altar Tomb, tbeu, standing within thecomniunion mik 
on the north side of the chnnoel of Preston Ghuroh, wliich Mr, 
TownsenJ attributes to Anthony Shirley, is thnt of Edvvard 
EIrington; und the old tomb, d^fiit!ed by whitewiish, in the 
wall above it, ia that of Anthony Shirley; his childi'en 
exiictly eorrt^^ponding with tlif iiumhi^r of boys iind girls re- 
presented upon it. Anthony's eider brother Willium was 
kiiiglitcd by Queen Elizabeili, ut Kyc, upon the occasion of 
her visit to thnt ancient Cinque-Port; nnd be is supposed 
to have built tlie present Wistou Ilonse. 

For tlie purpuse ol' rectiCjiri^ Mr, Tosviisend'a luistake, I 
have entered nioie fully into the history of the lVeati}n bruuch 
of the Shirleys tlian was needlnl, to shew ttiat the OtchidL 
Shirleye were descended from them. In what way the two 
branches were connected, I shall now proceed to point 
out: — 

Thomais Shirley, of Preaton, the grandson of Anthony, 
the first possessor of that family, married Elizabeth, the 
daughter of Drew Stapley, of London j and by her had 
Bis sons and six daughters, Qf the sons, Authotiy, the 
eldest, also of Preston^ was created a Baronet in 1654. He 
appears to have taken iiii active ]iart in pulpllc affairs diinng 
the usnipation, and to liiivebeeuby no means a foy a I subject. 
His father's connection, by marriage with the Staplcy family- 
might have been the caiiae of tliis. In the Thurloe State 
papers, Yuliime iv.. pp, Lijl to 190, ther^ are frequent allusions 
to him; and a letter la given from Major-General Goffe to 
fiecret^try Thiirloe, and dated Lewes, November 7th, lt>55; 
in which he says l^^'1 have putt in among tlic Commission- 
ers for the execution of the Orders of his llighncss, and the 
Councell, for the preservation uf the Peaee of the Oommon- 
wealtlj, Mr. Anthony Shirley, who 1 heer is a very honest 
man. If his relationsliip to Sir Richard Onslow" — he 
married his daughter Anne — '' doe not hinder his acting, he 
may be useful. I intend to wuigbt upon him to-morrow/' 
And in another letter to the same Secretary, the general says; 
— *^ If the Cununission of the Peace be yet unliuisiied, I desire 
that tliere may be added llr, Anthony Shirley.*' His gnind- 



GC 



OTtttALL, 



father's -sectm^i wife was Grar>e, daughter of Anthony Stapley, 
of Framfitild, The BiiroQetey became extinct in 1705, by 
the death of Sir Anthony's grandson* Richard Shirley, im- 
married. 

Willium, the fourth son of Thomns Shirley, married • , 
, , . - tilt dai]ght*:r of , ... Oglandfir; and from him 
are descended the Shirleys of OtfihalL William, their only 
son, was a merchant of the City of London, and became 
possessed of the Ot^hall estate, by marriage with tho 
only daughter and heiroES of John Godman* as 1 have 
already -stat.ed. This William Sbirl(j!y died at Clapham in 
1701. In hia Mill, which is dated March ISth, 16J)9, and 
Tvaa proved in the Prerogative Court of Caoterbury, July 
16th, 1701, he mentions his wife Elizabeth; his ftUher-in- 
laiv, John Godman; his sister Elizahethi the wife of Robert 
Needman, Esq., who is elsewhere described as of the island 
of Jamaica; nnd his uncle Drew Shirley, who was the 
ancestor of the Shirleys, of Shirley's, in Chiddingly, His 
son William, who was born in IGiH, succeeded to bis mother's 
estate, in Susses, and resided at OtehalL He received hia 
academic eduoation at Cambridge, and was designed for 
the bar ; but his superior talents aiid address bringing 
him under the notice of Sir Robert Walpole during his ad- 
ministration, the Duke of Newcastle appointed him, in 1741, 
Captain and (jlovcrnor-in-Cliicf of the Province of Jlassa- 
chusGt's Bay, in New England; audit was under hi& direction 
and irnim?diiite inspection that the expedilion tti Cape Bretuu 
in 1745 was fittx?d out. In 1750 (Jaunary IDth) he was 
appointed one of His Majesty's Commissioners, at Paris, for 
settling the limits of Nova Scotia, and other controverted 
rights in America, In 1755, he obtained the rank of General 
and Commander-in-Cliief of His JIajesty's forces in Nurth 
America; and in 1759 he wsis nuvde a Lieuteaant-General 
in Hia Majesty's army. It was during the time that 
Lien tenant-General Shirley had the principal command of 
the Land Forces there in that same year, and in the early 
part of the following year, that some of the misfortunea which 
afterwards ensued to His Miijesty's service, hut uiore pnrticu- 
lurly the loss (jf Fort Os^vei^o. w^Jjich he had hnilt at the 
mouth of the Onondaga River, on Lake t)ntario, were, at the 



I 



< 



OTEHALL- 



6? 



time, nnpistly nftnlmteil to liim antl his misinnTiJigeioent; 
ami fmm wliicli bts conJiict, on this occnsian, wns most 
triiimpbiintly vindicated in a, pampbtet. piil^liahed in 175S, 
einitlefl '' The conduct of Major-Geneml Shirley, lute 
Gonend aud Comraander-iii' Chief of His Majesty's Forces 
in Nnjtii AmericEL, briefly stsjtj^d." Oa the 16th of Novem- 
ber, 1758» he received the appointmtrnt of CupUlii-Gt^ncnil 
and Governor- in- Chief of the 13nlmma Ishmds, Wliile at 
Boston, General Shirley built a house ftjr himself, with bricks 
imported from Engliind, at a vast expense, which he after- 
warils covered, both within and without, with boards. The 
houac^ which still remains, is eddied Shirley Housi?. 

The General died at Itostt>n, March '24th, his age at tho 
timelxiing77ycflra;— iind he was interred intlicKing'sChapel, 
aLljuiniii^ that city. This Chiipcl was the first rrotei=tatit 
Episeapu! place of woi'ship built in Americi; au'l when it 
became necessary to build it, which was the case in 1749, he 
laid the foumhition stone. At his deatli the fallowing 
testimony of the respect in which he was held by the proprietors 
appears ituiong its records, of the date of 1 77 1 : —^^ Whereas, 
; the Honourable Lieutj^nant - General Shirley, formerly 

r Governor of this province, lately deceased, did for several 
years attend public worship at King's Cha^iel, to which he 
was a warm friend, and a very generous benefactor ; for hi& 
more honourable interment^ and to testify their gratitude for 
his many services, the proprietors of the said ehapel have this 
day voted^ that John Erviiig Esq, have liberty to deposit 
the corpse of the said Lieutenant- General Shirley, or any 
other of his family or descemlants dying in America, in the 
i tomb numbered 18, under the chapel." The remains of his 
wife, who was Frances, the daughter of Francis Barker, Esq,, 
' of London, had been previously deposited in a vault under 

I .this chapel. She died in September 1746. A huntlHume 

II tublet, surmounted by her bust, was placed by the General 
to her memory in this chapeh The inscription on this t^ihlet 
commemorates also the death of their second daughter, 
Frances, who married William Ecllan, Esfj; and who died 
in 1741, upon the birth of their only daughter and heir-ess, 
Frances Shirley Bulluii, who married Charles Westeni, Esq., 
of Rivenhall,: in Essex; and wai; the mother of the firat 
Lord Western." K 3 



68 



0X£1IALL, 



Of their four aons, Thomas was the only one that survi7ed 
his parents. He inherited Ot<ih!i!L He was born in the 
Bahama Islands; and, after tUa completion of his education, 
entering the army, rose rupidly in the profession. Iiitha 
yoiir 1781 hi; wjis appiiinted Govermir of thn Tieeward 
Ishmda, and Colonel of the 9 1st Foot; and in 1798 he was 
advanced to the rank of General of the Army,— having 
been created a Baronet on the 27th of June, 178S He 
married Juno 4th, 1768, Anuii Maria, the eM^st daughter of 
TLomag Western, Esquire, ako of RivenhuU, He whs the 
son of the Thomiis Western — hy Mary, his wife —who waa 
the sister and co-hcircss of Sir Kichard Shirley, the last of 
the Preston Baronets under the former patJ^nt* Sir Thomas 
died at Bath, February 1 1th, 1800, aged 74 years ; and waa 
interred in the Abbtj-Chuix;h there. Of Ins two sons, both 
of wliodi were m the Navy, one only survived him, namely, 
Sir William Warden Shirley, Baronet, of Otehail, who died 
unmarried at Rivcnhali, and was buried in the parish 
church. By his decease, without issue, the ancient Sussex 
fivmily of tlie Shirleys, who had Nourished at Wiaton, Preston, 
Westgrinsteati,' Cliiildin^Iy, and Wivelsfield^ all in this 
county ibr twelve generations, became extinct in the male 
line ; the female being atill represented hy the tiight Hon 
Charles Callis Western, Baron Westorn^ of Rivcnlmll, who is 
descended from lolh the elder and younger line of the 
Slilrleys of Preston. 

Fur the account which I have heen able to give of the public 
services of the Shirleya of Otthall, I am very greatly 
indebted to *^ Slemmata Shirleiana"— an unpuMislicd work 
of much interest and value, compiled and printed for private 
circulation only, by Evelyn Philip Shirley, Esq. 

Upon tlie Otehall estfite coming into the possession of 
Thomas Shirley, the iirst Baronet of this branch of the 
family, and hia acceptance of American appointments, he 
made over the whole estate to Mr, William Warden, of 
Butler's Green, near Cuckfield, in trnst, for the benefit of 
any family he might leave; from wliom it passe^l to his 



^ The fciuDilvr of ths WnLRnDsUifld 

TbniuaB,tbatiucDiid aon of lialpli S)iLrl<;y, 
EBqfB,, of Wistcu; »hn died in 1C4G. 
Tbclr piBc? u( TteidducG was caUed 



*' Mark.- Di* fallierbpijiiuaUieJ Ui\i\m 
Haw Court fio LaDcinti), nnd all tlio 
laciijfl HniJ UncmQbtfl, whk4i bu himaclf 
had pqrchnHod, in Wifliob, Buding, 
arofidwal«r, and Wurtluug. 



I 



OTEHALU 



69 



(Sip Thomas's) second son, who became the second Baronet j 
and in this w\iy I account for his possessing, in addition to 
Thomas, the christian nsLUie of Warden, For I could not 
discover from ilr. R, P, Sliirlej's ehiliornte account of the 
ftitnily that any relationship, or connesioti by marriage, 
existed between the Wardens and Shirleys, By his cxecii' 
tors, after his death, or perhaps hy Sir Thomas himself, pre- 
viously to his decease, the Oteii:ill estate was sold to Mr. 
William Tanner, of Moorhouse in Wivelsfield, whose daugh- 
ter, Miss Tanner, h the present possessor, 

JIuny traditionary anecdotes of Governor Shirley, during 
his occiipaacy of Oiehall, are still current in its neighbour- 
hood» One of these is worthy of record; namely, tbat 
durirg the ti[ne the son of the first Shirley possessor of the 
estate resided there, he scarcely ever went from home with- 
out six horses to his carriage, which was rendered in some 
measure neccssury by the bad state of the roads at that time, 
Eo that it was not without some difficulty that even these six, 
eacli as powerful as ii brewer's dray-horse — for speed was 
then out of the question — were able to dmg the cumbrous 
vehicle, in which he travelled through the mud, with the ad- 
ditional inconvenience of deep hules here and there, subjoct- 
inp the traveller to the painful misery and danger of being 
jerked, first this way, and then that, ^ the carriage might 
happen to be swayed by ii sudden plunge into them, to say 
nothing of the constant dread and apprehension of an over- 
turn from this cause. Mr, Shirley was a man charitably dis- 
posed, and of great hospitality, on which account be was much 
i-espected by his naighbuurs, with whom he lived an the most 
fricndlv terms. And great was their regret when it became 
generally known that lie was about to leave Otehall, to enter 
on the duties of the office to which he had been appointed, 
in America, And when the time arrived for hia doing so, 
although he set off at midnight, they testified their regard 
for liim, as well as their regret at his departure, by accom- 
pajiying him in a body to the boundary of the parish, and 
there taking leave of him. 

It is worthy of a passing remark, that Otehall was, for 
some years, the country residence of the celel>ratGd Selina, 
Countess of iluatiugdon. She fitted up the hall of the 



7a 



or Eli ALL, 



mnnsJon aa a chnpel, and her chaplain, the Rey. Wni. llo- 
maiiic, of til CO logical celebfity, sometimes preached there, 

I may here i^mark that, though the Sussex Shirlcys 
wrote their name differently — some of the family spelling the 
first syllable ;vith an 2, otbei-s with an ?, and others agaia 
with It — 1 }]jive disreganled this ilistinction^ and writt^i it 
invariably with an ?". Mr, Lower thinks the e spelling to bo 
the more anciiiut and proper method for the Susses bnmch, — 
while to m^ it appears that the use of the i is the more 
legitimate and ciijstomary way.' 

Rome years ago, two laboureni, engaged in gnihbing 
up the stump of an old tree^ in a he^lge-row, on the Otehall 
estate, at no great diatance from the house, di9covered a gold 
coin of James I.; and, upon further search, two or three 
silver spoons, of antique shape, which had evidently been 
designedly concealed iindt!r it. The spoons were marked with 
the initial lettera of John and Jane Gndman, from whom 
the estate passed, by niarriage, to the Shirleys. As this 
curious arch ecological discovery has been noticed by the 
Rev. Thomas Hutchinson, in his historical memoit of 
Ditehling, (see Vol, XVII I. , p. 247), 1 need say no more 
upon it. 



* » The DHine wiu peoervllj tha« Hpeit {Mrith tba r) b; UiIa bnnch of tilt fitnilj.^ 
BteTPinMa Ehirl, p. 17», [Ed.] 



71 



FACT AND LEGEM) COXCERNiyG H^iEOLD. 



BY THE REV- R H, ARNOLD, LL.3. 



Tn tlie long line of owr sovereigns. HaroM II- ia the most in- 
timately connectcJ with Siiases- In the Bayeux Tapestry, 
tlie son of the pmriotic Eurl Godwina uppeura at its coxa- 
mennement on his pateriml pnipertj in this county ; and at its 
close he 13 reprcscnteJ as fuUitig in defence of Lis crown and 
country onSusacs soil, OfGoJwinc'sfamily, Sussex ia truly aaid 
to have been both "the cradle and the grave." TLeoclocen- 
tennry of one of the decisive hattles of the world^ celebrated 
at Hastings 111 ISfiG, and marked by the visit of the 
liritish Archreologicnl Association to our county, directed 
attention anew, both to the scene of the great struggle, and 
to the career of one of the bravest and the last of t!ie Saxon 
tings. The sulyect of the battle of Jdastings, and its 
attendant circumstances, hfiJi been exhausted by Mr. Lower 
in the earlier volumes of these (3ollectioQ3- Of Harold him- 
self, our desire for iniWmntion is increased by the recollection 
that moat of the Etateincuts which remain concerning him, 
are those of Norman writers, — whose obvious policy it was 
to malign his memory. Chroniclers nf the succeeding 
centiiiy amplified or invented, to his discredit; and it is 
curious to note bow their assertions were exaggerated by 
annalists of a later time. 

The most trustworthy authorities for the period, as is well 
known, are the Sanon Chronicle and Floreuce of Worcest^jn 



72 FACT AND LEGEND CONCEHSING HAltOLD. 

The " Vita jE^Iuuardi Regis/' a Harlcian MS,, publisheJ by 
the Record Commiasion in the Lives of tbe Conftasor, ed. 
Mr- Luard, contuios some interesting particulars. Frora in- 
ternal evidence, it is plain that its iiiithor was not only a con* 
teijiponir^ of Hanjhl, but that he was well acquninted with 
him and his relatives. From William of Poictiers, William of 
Mnlrai'sliury, Wace, Eudmer, and Ordcricua VitulisT eacb 
with more or less of Norman bias, many details are to be 
gleaned. 

A |joet in the reign of Henrj IIL wrote thus, in words 
which he deemed suited to the rojal ear: — 

*' Harold hicrcofieJ in priJ^ and glorj, nor kept bt cliarter or oath, with 
liiji Tn^ijjhlnniTH [ir witl^ his peujile; to liis governors he <liii villany and lo 
hJH borons violence^ Inw or justice of Ih^ land he Tahied not a cliany -. 
ttijBinst God ho often eiimed, nun he believed no uiotv than \]\k vriQj,nor 
fLQicd be &m or bljimc/' 

8iich representations written two centuries after Ilarohlfi 
dc'iith arc of course biatorically vahicless; but tlaey shew 
nevertiiek'ss the tone n^specting the Saxon king^ which long 
found fftvour with the descendants of the Conqueror. 

Tiie t4^sti[iKiny of Florence of Woi-ctistor, a contemporary, 
or nearly so, is as follows: — 

** Harold) the rice-king, son of Earl ODdwino, (vbDUi the klag before 
bis dt^ntb hafl HiDsun fijr bis pifcce^iior, hbh elei?tefl king- by tho lending- 
men of flU England and tie eojno daj wtu crownifij with gn^ht ceremony 
by Akircd, Archbidhop of York. Ae soon as ho had taken the rcJna of 
(jorcrnuiont he njade It hid h^^in^;fcH to revuk<." unjusl laws, and tstabliah 
grwid onuj* ; to become protector of the chnrcbea and monasterioa ; ti> 
chensh and reverence the bUhrjpp, abbots^ monks and ckrks, and to phew 
bimaelf kind, humblo, nnd courteoue to all goiid men, \fh'\\c to malefactors 
hL' us^id tilt utmost rigour. Fur be g^avo urdcrji to his enrlB, ealdonueri, 
vlco-recves, nnd nU hia otfit^era, to nrrest nil tbicvcs, roUhers. and dis- 
tarberi of the peaeo, find he Laboured IjiLuaelf for the defonco of the 
cotmtrj bj land and hj su/^ 

Harold's reign lasted but nine months and nine days ; and 
tliis may be the rcnsoa why his biography has been so little 
investigated. Brief uud troubled,' however, as wels tlie period, 
it call scarc^ily be doubted "that he ruled wisely and well. 

■ Tb*? enlryin (bo chropiele jrf flftmJs qtiiot oliode Ibcrein ibc hhilc tliat ho 
thort Mit PipreHivB : — "Thifl ypur v\ts vlolUi'd tlit^ renliM. Chrun. ^ni., «d. 
Baroid ballovedkmg; and Le with atnUd V^ti^ Moaum. HJbL Brit. 



« 



4 



FACT AND LEGEND CONCEBNma HAROLD. 



73 



This ofttn jippeaE-s indirectly in the statements of his adver- 
saries*^, as a foreit^n and dispiissiafiate liistoririfi rertiHrks: "Of 
Harold's capacity as a ruler, of the vlgorir with which lie de- 
veloped hi3 talonts, there Is, even among hig enemies, who 
have striven to impute to him much that is disparaging, only 
one, and thatatavourable, opinion/'' Thnt he was beloved by 
the Saxuns, as n leader and a king, is evident from the 
chronidea of hia time ; and to hi» skill ns a general, altlioiigh 
acknowledged by recent critica, it wi>uld seetn that justice Las 
ficurcoly yet been done. 

The ensuing fragmentary observations are from notes, mode 
at various tiuies, on incidental circuuiatnnces connected, with 
Harold. 

1, Parentage of Harold^ and order of Godwinc's sons. 

While the birthplace and natal year of some of our earlier 
soTereigns are determinable, with respect to Harold these 
points are in obscurity. As the son of Earl Godwine, it is 
Eoted thitt he rest?mbled his father in elufjueuce and bravery. 
That Ills mother was Gytha, (laughter of Thorgils Hpraka- 
legg, and sister of Earl Ulf, scarcely admits of <loul)t,* 
The author of the ** Vita ^Kdunardi" compares the children of 
Godwine with the four rivers of Paradise.' ; but as he had at 
least six sons and two daughtefs, it is not easy to perceive the 
resemhlanee. Swegt-n, Harold, Tostig, Gyrth, Leofwine, Wulf- 
nolh, — this was most probably the order of the brothers. 
Swegen, unpopular from his crimes, died abroad, in his father's 
lifetime*; Tostig^ who had been ex|ielled from his earldom for 
tyranny, fell at Stamford Bridge; Harold repi'esented the 
Saxon interest, as his father hud done*^; Gjrth and Lcofwinc 
were slain fighting in his cause at the battle of Hastings, as 



' TJippenberg- Hint of Rnylonrt unrler 
tlic Arjglri'Sik^OT] kingR, 11. ^74. 

* DomeiidiiT inifuibrid " GJtla mater 
B«r&ldi ' Tbe LAiiftknl evidviice on lliiB 
tubjiTOl hn** l>cen fully iuvcalrpr^icd by "E. 
A. FiTtDinn, Eaq , hi ■' Uit aiid I>ettth oi 
Earl Oftlwiiifl." — AR'h J|iiim:k!,iL ,'Jiy\i- 

^ lu li>4J nt Hud ^wt^Kcu iu SuB- 
•ci, plnunmb: llnj alrociuiu murder ot 
hjp a<ruBia Beora. Sw^trt'ii aliLpt lay 4t 
ikuhjun. Hv ntnt Ihence lo iVpeiuej, 
ftnd period inuHly allured tiim fo Bci.^hHin, 
vbfin hevru plaofHloD «h]plH»rrt boniia 



with thonz", inrl wtonnnerputto ileatb. 
— jSu-. fAmn. Fljr. Winom. 

' Wbeu the NorjuiLiL lACtlun wu ux- 

CoUi!ti from tlnglarnl by G^nJwino aod 
ij^ fiD3 [u 105-i, thti cnihUFMuam *a<I 
devutiua <if tLc miiriTiaT* of Qi*'- fln^itlk 
&>u*t nmst hflvp tHva grenl, "TLere 
cuiui; uLL iKc liimliucri irvja HiiatiD^ uid 
everywhere timrc by tliu ara-oa^l nnd 
oil t'bfl uut-ciid, niJiJ h^*iBeaK bud Suit*j, 
Bnd much pW iu udditicm (harefo. Then 
all dtoFurtNl that ttj«y uilb hiin wnilld 
live ami die." — Fitir. iViintrti. 



74 



FACT AXD LEGENT CONCERNING HIROLD 



thtj are represented on the Tapestry i '* Ili'r. cfciderunt 
Letcine et G yvtk^ fratres Ilaroldu" Wiilfnoth long survived 
him. Detained as o hostage in Noroiandy, Harold'a youngest 
brother appears, on good authority, to have remained there in 
durancG until the end of the Conqueror s reign.' 

2, O/i the Personal Appvarance of Harvld. — TVhen 
Harald Hardrada, hcforc tiic battle of Stamford Bridge, for 
the fii'St time beheld Harohl, he is aaid to have exclaimed, 
'* He ia a little man, but he sits firmly in his etirrups;" as, 
howeVLT, aL^cordiu^ to the Saga, the King of Norsvay was 
himself five ells, or moro than seven feet in height, Harold 
may have appeared short by comparison, On the Bayeux 
Tapestry, Duko TVilliam is also represented as taller than 
Harold ; but it is well known that the Conqueror was a 
person, not only of unusual streugtli, but of unusual stature, 
Harold msiy tlierefere have been, as he is described by an 
early writer, "tall." The same author also intbrms us that 
he waa ^' bandsome." It has been conjectured that in the 
Tapestry, the delineations of Harold and of William, ''bear 
some resembhiEice to the origiuali, and that they were drawn 
by an artist ivlio Icuew them both ;'' hut from tbis little ciia 
be inferred as to the form and countenance ol' the last Saxon 
King. He there has a moustache in common with most of 
his countrymen, Ordericus Vitalis, wbo was certainly not 
inclined to speak too flatteringly of Harold, thus deseribea 
him : — " Erat enim watj/fitndlne et e/egatitta v'u-lbitsque 
corporis nnimique audacia et linguos facundia, multisfjue 
facctiis et prohilalibus admiVabilisJ^" 

3, Harold's visit to Normandy, — The opening scenes in 
the Bajeux Tapestry, full of interest as they are to the 
Sussex Archicologiat, relate to a fact, which "whatever may 
have been ^vritten concerning it in later times, may be pro- 
nounced one of the most contested in English history."" We 
here consider only the views taken of it by chroniclers who 
lived within a century of the circumstances, 1. That 

' nor. Wiy, kL JiciD,, 1097. Hl^'dai " Utrrqur utU pblfkm et ctHnrio imllr- 

n?s " Wilooluft iu cuAtoiiLu WillclmL hitt ciTjnirv et ut u^tifoiuiijn hod iij^bijuaU 

«tiiuD pcwttDoduDi 011111 rcgDAfL-t Hiopcr rot>ar4^ nan iJiojiAtin nudacii]?. i^d 

maBFii,— J^/jfftrim. niKJnr ^latu Sxto\d\a prviiericr itat^rQt" 

■ OnSPT.Vit, p.4aH, b. In tliB*'ViJB p. 40«. 
.MdiJUATdi Btgifl," Arnold xaA loslig * LftjijiUDbcrg. 

a.n anapuTaX Liy quo wbo buDw iLt'iu. 



« 



« 



TACT AND LEGEND COXCEBSING OAJIOLD. 



75 



\ 



Hurold was at his country sent at Boslijini, and for recrea- 
tion wfiit on botird a lisfiing-lxiiit; to pj-olon^ his sport Le put 
out to sea, whea a sudden If.mpest arising, be wn^ driven 
with Lis companions to the coast of Ponthieu. 2, That he 
was commisfiioncd by the Confessor to go to Duke '^"'JlUaiu, 
and infonn him th^t the Kin); had nominated hmi succesaor 
to the throne- 3. Tiiat cnntrary to the Conff^ss< ir's wishes, 
llarold went to Normandy to obtain tbe release of his 
brother Wulfuoth and his nephew Hnkon, detained there as 
hostages. Hence arise two questions, h Did Harold go to 
Normandy by accident or intentionally ? 2. Supposing the 
latter, did he go to execute a commission fiTinLthe Confessor, 
or t« liberate his irienda? The opinion that liamhl went 
designedly is supported ly the greater weight of evidence. 
That the object oi' his voyage was to rescue Wulfuoth and 
llakon^which Wace is inclined to belie ve^appears most 
probable- As tbe piirpo!*e of the Baycux Tapestry is to put 
forth strongly Willinni's right to the Crown^ it wonlJ in- 
culcate the idea tbut Harold came to William with a com- 
miasion, and it does not introduce the hostages; yet we 
know that Wulfnoth was then detained as such by William, — ■ 
Tbe inference, thertfcre, is, that this omission of all reference 
to bim is intentioual. 

All authorities agree as to tbe place of Harold's embark- 
ation, lie appears la the Tapestry riding with his soldiei's to 
Bosbam, whieh Maltnesbury speaks of as his country seat. 
Accoutred for the chase, he bas hawk on hand, and hounds 
running before bim. The church at Bosbaiu is probably 
drawn conventionally, as we see nothing of its line Saxon 
tower, which must then have existed, and which still re- 
mains*'" Dr> Bruce obset-ves that its chief feature is the 
doorway, that the windows are small and insignificant. It 
is roofed with shingles or tiles rounded at the lower eud, and 
fastened to tbe framework by nails. Harold prepares for a 
lia^ai-dous enterprise by seeking the Divine blessing on his 
undertaking. He approaches tbe church with bended knees* 
The Saxons afterwai'ds repair to the Manor House, to fortify 
themselves against the perils of the Channel. Bowls and 

<^ It mny be rcmnrkcd, hovrflrcr, thikt thare vcre Lkoa probably tvo ^Iburoha} 
Bt BusbuiD. 

l2 



76 



TAGI AND LEGEfTD CO.VC£RN]N<£ HAKOLD. 



hnms are in requisition, llarcld and his companions scetn 
ioath to leave tficir Sussex friends; but are summouei by a 
messenger to the sbips in Boshain harbour. In priruitiva 
manner, stripped of their lower garments, tiiey wade inU* tha^ 
water, and more carefid of their dogs than of themselves^ tsHTT^ 
them under their arms to the vi^saels, which, under full sailj 
atretch away for the opposite shore.** 

4, Harold at tlie passaff6 of the Coc>/iow,— Among the 
incidents described in tlie Baveiir Tapestry is one wliich is 
worthy of notice, aa bearing testimony to Hnrolirs presence 
of mind and courage. During his detention by Duke Wll* 
Ham, Harold accompanied him on his expedition against 
Conau, Count of Brittany. At a tbrd of the Cocsnon, the 
river which separates Brittany from Normandy, the Nor- 
mans experienced great difficulties. Their mishaps are hinted 

at by the delineator of this liistoricjJ piece of needlework in d 
a chapter of accidents on the border A man, knife in hand, fl 
has fallen wliile trying to catch eels in the river ; a wolf™ 
Ecizes him by tKe toe ; the tail of tlic wolf is pounced on by 
a bird of prey^ which in turn does not escape scatheless. In 
the Tapestry itself Harold sippears as the extricator of some 
unfortunate Normans irom the cpiicksands of the Coesnon. 
lie haa plunged into the stream, and seized, simultancoi^ly, 
two of the drowning soldiers ; one cliugs to his neck, while 
another grasps his hand as ho is striving to recover firm 
ground- '* The sand along the bed of the river " has been 
obse^^'ed to be "an exceedingly fine, white, marly dnat, 
which, when covered with water, aflTonls most treanheroua 
footing."^^ That the circumstances of this rescue long re- 
mained strongly impressed on Duke William's followera 
seems implied from its occurrence in the Tapestry, of which 
each scene has evidently been CftrefuUy considered. lliirold 
left Sussex with a considerable number of armed companioT^s, 
whom the Norman writers mention as sharing in the dangers 
of the campaign, 

5, Of Baro/ffs Oath, — Sir F. Palgrave remarks that 
"the dramatic circumstances of HarakVs oath en concealed 
relics are totally unknown to the earlier and only trus 



4 



I 






FACT AKD LEGEVD CONCEEKING aAttOLI>, 



77 



\Tnrtliy annalists-" It is true, that tlie Sflxon fiuthori ties are 
silent, yet the tesiimony of earJy Jsornian writ^i-s on this 
point is too atrong to be disputed- In the eleventh century: 
false, perjured, ad sacramentum mmi^ profiigu-9, were the 
epithets usually heaped on him by the supporters of Duko 
Willlftm, This whs the ground of the bull of escommuni- 
cfition issued against Harold by Alexander IL, to which was 
added ''a consecrated banner and a ring c<»ntaiinng one of 
the hairs of St. Peter, set under a diamond." As the breach 
of this engagement is the chief charge against him, it should 
not be passed over, Waee says that William haviug previously 
induced Harchl, who Wiia iii his power, to prrmiise him his 
aid in obtaining England, cimsed aparliament to he called at 
Kayeux; '* lie sent for all the holy bodies thither, and j>iit as 
many of them together as to fill a whole chest; but Harold 
neither saw them, nor knew of tlieir being there^ for notight 
was shewn or told him almut it, and over all was a phylac- 
tery. '' On these, he states, Ifarold swore to assist him in 
ins object, and the Duke then led him to the chest and dis- 
played its contents, appealing to the terrors which were 
Guperstitioiisly supposed to environ them* '" According to 
the Ncrmun account, therefore, be was entrapped into 
making the promise under false pretences ; yet, in breaking 
it, he cannot be exonerated from blame- After Harold's 
accession to the thrcne, as Malnieahury informs ns, he did not 
deny the transaction. It has been said, and probably such 
was the case, that he deemed it no dishonour to break an 
oath forced upon him by bis host, and thought it foul scorn 
to submit to an Itidian priest. Ills reply to William was 
calm and temperate ; be contended that an obligation con- 
tracted under duress was not birding, and, alluding to the 
fact that he had been chosea king by the Witan, averred 
that he could not alienate the royal succession without tho 
consent of the Saxon [leonle. 

f). Events of Ihtrolas Rei'jn. — The annus mirabiUs^ 
1066, is one of the most memorable in our history ; by the 
following summary, it will be seen that its chronology has 
been carefully marked by the chroniclers: — 



ll^htiy flirjiEifTJii of by Boiiie nf Ihe 
Ndrauuid LLvuisolvmi \& flLi:wa by Dr< 






78 



FACT ASD LEGEND C0?JCERN1NC EAROLD- 



Jwinary 6. — '^ Harold, the Ewl, BiTcceoded lo tl»o Kbgdom of Eng- 
Und, cvea a» tlie K.ii]g had granteJ it to him. ;ind men also bad clioeeii 
bim thareto ; and he was i^rownsd Kiti/jj cm Twelflh Day."" 

. . . NorUiurabria difaffoctcd, Harold viHld tlie North with 

WiilfBlan, ]3itihop of Worcester; reatoros troiiquillitTi '* rttiiJ returns to 
W<;Ftmiiifttc-r at Easter, 

April 2-1. — AComi?t appflira, " witli tlireo long- mjs air*^aming tuwarls 
UiB Garth," which dione for Herea daj-s with cxceiieivt; brilliancjj causing 
great oonslemation.^' 

. . Enl of A[>riL — Tosiig lands io t}iR Isle of Wight andplimiJeTs 

tha South CoDfit aa far aa Sandwich, HnrolJ marchas from London 
aguiQ^t him>' 

Sept. J:* (the feast of the NatiTity of Bt. Marp}. — Tlie fleet and ormy 
whidi ha<L been atutioueil to wLitcb tbe utovuuiiAntd of tJie Norm&ne, dis- 
banded for want of provi*kjnp>'* 

flarald Uardruda, I'jetig, and tlio Earh oF tho Ocknojfi, with a fiect 
uf 800 sail bum ficarliorougb, anJ land at Selbj. 

Sept. 211.— They doftat Endivin« atid MorconiT witJi greSt losfl, aI the 
Battle of Fulford, on (lie Onsfl.^* 

Si'pt )1A. — HnroKIi with his armj, rpaehcB Tadcoater- 

Sept. 2^. — Battle of StaniforJ Bridge, Harold surprises and conquera 
the Norwe^anfl ; HaraltJ Hardmda and Toatig elain.*' 

Sept. 2y.— Dulw WiUiani landa." 

Oct- t. — Harold in London,^ 

Oct. IJl. — Harold views (he Norman position. 

Oct. U. — SatnnlHj ( i^t. Culixtn?' Pay). Hattl^of Haqtings.*" 

7, Bia Attach of the Gout.^A raedimval writer, who 
expatiates on Harold, udverts to a circumstance not alluded 
to by his conteuipomries ; Liit which miiy Imve lisid some 
fouihlntion in fai-.t. A part of the narrative, however, must, 
■with certainty, be relegated to the domain of tiction, Ac- 
cording to this statement Harold was attacked by the aria- 
tocratic disease at a very critical perioJ, On hearing of the 



I 



^' ChroD. Bail. Oa the Ejiiphany, 
PI. Wi^tfm ; Or<l. Vit, 

Ht«ted that Umy |;uiaDd ocuosB "ad alfdi- 

'" On lhi> L'l^-hUi of the KnlenilH of 
Tffny. Llici uvi> ul Lltanm Alii)ipr. CIjfjd. 
l^x. liaJ \^\. Vi'ii^ni : niL^iitiuncd bj 
jDort chTOoiclarfi, and nvp^idHcdby HiaJg 
to be tCnLlf^y'g ci>inet. 

J^FI, Wigom. 

^* ClifDii. P*i. '' Harold liad KaLLercd 
nsjirent d ehiu force, and n^ni a Innd 
iuTvc, 06 no King iit Ehu land Lkud bufuru 
doDO : Lkkwiuh it was miLda kTiown to 
lilTT thnt Wliliaui the na^Loril would 
oamB hltfatr." 



» Od tbs ViKil or &L Mnttlww, IkEdk 
Wcdui'sdiy. Fl. Wigura 1 Ohr<m. Basr 

w Oil the 7th oi tho Kalead* of Oat. 
Fl-Wiffofiu 

'I Oil St. Mif^lini!l> dny. Chran. Snx. r 
auoU^cr Slid of tliu Cbroii. bJvcb " the 
Evuoftit- MichnQl'ft >1aa0.'^ &v liirae a 
farce c<>LiLd liiinllj ha JisciiibarkEhl in a 
jingle dji7, 

-a Onl! Vil. ; M. Wig. 

" The tltftit Whin diiDQ on the day of 
Culiitup the Po[K ; all aiitliorUiw Bjrreo 
<m ll>e daft o( thid battle Sir H. 
NiuLulu' Uhroa. ot Uiatury, 



FACT AND LEGEND COXCERMNG niROLD, 



79 




Iniriing of HarcU Hardrada and Tostig, he wiahcd imme- 
diately to march ugainst tbcm with bis army-, but 

" Tlie Kout 1u Ills IhSjfJi Beitei* liloi 

Fictcplf, to that be ciLiinot go a step, 

For all ibu Ixisnsarca oC DamoAoua.'^ 
*»*•■■ 

'• KingHHrotd U in niiguiBh, 

Kur hi^ tliifcjli is initrh fwnUeD, 
And Kia leg ii nuvr fuaCcfiug'" 

The Sftxoa Leech-Book prescribes *^ White hellebore, hen- 
bane, wnllvrort, old groats and vinegar, hart's, or sho goat's, 
or goiise grease; mingle together, hiy them on^ iiud," it is 
addedj "if thtj podagra '"^^ gn inwards, take miigwort roots, 
mingle with oil, give to eat ;'' but instead of using such 
material remedies, Harold is represented as applying to his 
dead brothcr-iu-law, the Confessor, who kindly afforded liim 
relief. 

'^At leo^h SiLint Edward qppekred to him, 
Wlin hF*il ti'^rM to hi- ileiiire : 
Wbu uuw fnilB U[>t nt hh lma'iIh 
And iiiak«ii King Harold entirely aursd,"" 

Only nineteen Jays lief^re the Battle of Hastings Harold 
enfoiiTitered and aiiH[Uei-ed the King ofXorwity yt Stamford 
Bridge. The next day a Sussex thane beheld the Normaa 
armada covering ihc Ubannel, and tipproiu^bing I'cvenaey. 
He saw the great army of invaders land on the undefended'* 
shore, and, turning his horse's head, rode northwards day 
and night with tlit intelligence. 

3, Eadi/i/tk mth i/i^ Sti^att^s ne.ck. — [Smankals). — Among 
the calumnies circulated by tlie Normans concerning Harold, 
one of the most scandalous is their account of the recognition 
of his dead body. Thierry, who unlnjsitatingly accepts their ex 
parte statements, relates the circumstances thus : — The uionka 



"Sftion Loflchiioina. Ub 1.^ sxvii. 

'^La Kdtoire de S^iiHt -Edward la Ea, 
^\^'l t^ t*ti. ; edtledwtth tmiiiilatinh,!^ 
Mr. Luam. 

'* TUu SftsoQ Chrooidc itifonna ub 
Oat Harold liAd Uvpt gi^anl oil Lli^a 
euDinfrr aod pnH of tho ai^Ulnn along 
till] hfoiilh OtJial, l>iLt ihTil th« tli^t hnd 
rQtura«d to XjonJoa kvr wniil nl \}T\>y\- 
Biou^d The JijubFc iiiviiairjur^i f |jich 
Eagl4U]d otiuo^t Aiiaultauijuusly ^^'^- 



ricncod, hu warcfllf boon BofHaLcntry 
GitniLliJi^red ^ tlie K'oiWiDicn were ravik- 
^ns tliH NnrLh. whilftt the ISIormnn 
fltvL wuB niuilv tu HtEfi^h tht Suiitli. Hud 
ihc Bnson King bmujibt into ddiou uu 
the lUh of Ootol'tT Iho men wbniii Le 
led on to viclory st Stamfnrd BriHgo. 
tbti N'nmmna might, tt gici^iJil?, l>iivo 
mtt Willi It jt^i uiurtT ttLublKim niatbiaaue 
uj tiiat fierctily flonlctlul daj. 



so 



FACT AND LEGEND COKCEEIffrNG nAROLD, 



of Wnltham sought among the nisiss of corpses despoiled of 
armsuinl di)tlieSjex!iiniriing them cnrefully uiteufier the other, 
but could not recognise the boily of hini they sought, so much 
hnd his woumls tlisfigureJ him. [)esp:iiring ever to succeed in 
their reaetirch unaided, they addressed thcmaelves to a woiimn 
whom Harold, before he became kbig, had kept as a mistress, and 
eutreftted her to iissiat them. She was called Edith, and sur- 
named tlie Beauty with the Swan's neck. She consented to 
accompany them, and was more successful than they in dis- 
covering the corpse of him whom she had loved"'; but, says 
Dr. Bruce, ^' great dishonour has been done to this lady by 
stating that she was the mistress of Harold. Sir Henry 
Ellis, in his introduction to Domesday*' has proved that she 
was his Queen-"" Eadgyth is mentioned in that survey as 
Eddcva pulchra; Edcva faira. Eddeva being a mere Norman 
corruption of the name. ^' Edith, Al^iva or Eddeva," remarks 
Sir H, Ellis, *'are ali names synonymous. She was no other 
than the daughter of jElfgar^ and widow of Griffith, Prince of 
Wales, after whose death ?he Iwciime the wife of Harold," 

9. Harold's gossip. — According to Domesday, one of tlie 
Norman tenants, under the Confessor, wns a Willirim Malet, 
and to a William Malet, William of Poicters and others 
mention that Duke William delivered the body of Harold for 
interment. In the De Bello Hastingensi Carmen,"'^ attribute J 
to Guy of Amiens, the person is not nameil 5 but spoken of 

as *^f[iiidam partim Normnnnus et Angliis 

compoter ileraldt/* It has hence been conjectured that 
William Malet, thus described as the corttpattr^ ,^odus^oT 
gossip^' of Harold, may have been his sworn brother in arms, 
a military relntiansLip not uncommon at the periotl,'^ 



"' Thierry's Hist nf Uio Norman 
Cf>nr|iiot, f,, ITS, he refer* to Chron, 
A Ji ^1 ir- Kt^rmikadei^ 

Intrwl. (a Liomcwlny, II., 7lL 

■ Thorpe, Jh hln hjWb Id Lnppifnliwtf. 
IE, SOU, sayii, *'For the s[^p(i|liitiihn nF 
mlitrcB?, twimlly lrf*tnwei on Kiiil0:)'th *sr 
Eftldyth, I have uQt hi^ilitto] tu Bii1<:iti- 
tuletUutnf Quet-D. It !,» prcibobb that 
aho wftfl hh secnnrl Mifo, as FJurctiTO 
inmtionn. ad, nni'- UHIH, Oirco 'Citti of 
Harcilil — CimtAin, MmLir;4l,aii4l Mik^lHIK, 
vbo Imil llicn ufru'cd bL tiiaii'4 c^tHLe. 
Hu uLbu uUudua to another uhild, 'VH, 



Bot] nE Hflmld. King of England,' who 
woA iiD iiriHonad by the Cunquoruf, Mil. 
mill, 1087 '■ 

•■MoJi, lEiet nrft.p.PG7. 

^ Morgan t—EnyUnd undot tlift Nop- 
man owupnliitE, p. ;."Jl , In Sii* BuIwct 
J^ytum Fi sfp«llfnt romHnL^s of Hfimld, 
Et will be rPEtieciberedthutMiblEt appears 
an A loEMlirj^ ch&rocItT, tij^liiiiL^ by 

ulcing Joa^c cf WilJiuiij to luiy hiedeiuj 
body. 
" InsiftjicM are given lij Tliierrj, I., 



FACT AND LEGEND COSCEllNING HAEULD< 



81 




10. Of Harold's burial p/at?^.— The accounts of Harold's in- 
tLTTQetit are v;i nous and con trad ictorj^. William of Puictiera 
asserts that Gytha offered to the Conqueror the weight of her 
son'sbody in gold, auri par pondus^ for the privilege of burying 
it, and that this offer was refneed, Mulracsbury saya thitt Duke 
Williani sent the bwly of Harold to his mother unransomsd. 
AFter the corpse hud been recognised hy Riidgyth, andd<?livered 
to Malet, it wiis interned under a cairn of stones on the coast^ 
of Susses, The Norman Duke is said to have dcdarcd that 
it befitted hira to be buried on the coast which he had so 
long guarded; and on the Sussex shore, William of Poictiers, 
the Conqueror's chaplain and a comjietent witness, Orderic 
and Guy," all early authorities, leave the remains of our last 
Saxon king. '^Harold could have chosen no burial apot/' 
says hisadmirer in romance, "soworthyof his English flpipit and 
his Roman end." He had, however, founded and en^lowed at 
Waltham the Abbey Church of the Holy Cross, and hud there 
offeredhis devotions before marching to hislast battle, and, ai;- 
cordingto the later chroniclers, his dead body was conveyed back 
thither by certain monks who had followed the king- A 
modern poet'" would thus call up the scene in the Abbey to the 
imagination: — 



The nnnA wer? uros^J^J nbove iJic* Ur»iLHt ; tLu rnoo, 

SUmaulI <Iiruly tijv pule njDJL-Qty H.'wni 

Of him wbpiLi ikath, anil cot the NurmUD Dulic, 

Hod coDitDcred." 



Wi-lliam cf Malmcsbury is the first writer who speaks of 
the burial at Waltham. Later annalists narrate details of his 
sepulture there, with regal honours, in the presence of many 
Normim nobles and gentlemen. The supposition tlmt a disin- 
terment took phice after Harold had been buried in this county 
ifl one which tlnire appeal^ no rcjifiun fur di^rL-ditrrig, uUh*JUgh 
some arc of opinion that the story is merely traditionary^ and 



" " In nttorw tjmulo," G^il. Pift. 

*< |p tha Ue S, U. l/nnitcn, Eh'* wnnli 
%s ftf an ppiiwph nfe given- " lLv\ liic 
Huoldc qi]le&cla»ut bUBtuH lunueaa ULofIa 



et pela^.'* Soo Mr. Lower'n "Contnba- 



M 



62 



FACT AND LEGEND CONCEnsryO ITABOLD. 



that itoriginated in tbe desire of tbe monks of Waltham to 
attract visitors to tlicir shrine-" 

That Harold vras tirst interred in Sussex, immcdiatelj after 
the battle, is attested by contemporary autijority. 



* flir F. PalgniTe nuks Ihn (tutwlinn, 
*' WmdoI lit lombot VTaltlmiu no tui|ilv 
one I " On tbc Tupoiilrj' wc tto UQrolil 
falling to Ibi-groutid, nndrcaU thc'rvcinlu^ 
* Hie Sam'tl infi-ffeftut pjr." — I" i\ii- 
tory Uin IkiiilA] iJijf^LivI?, j^ii tlicn iherc 
l9 imijallj an uccouuL tii tiin Ijviri^ Imig 
hlltrw&rdd. Adivdur KievnulK liinUnl 
Uaruld'aiiurTiviDg S«jil[ic. or HiutJnj^a ; 
aii'i ijimliluB CikiDbrmiiiirt, in hi 4 lliiie- 
rnry, TntnllGiiii thar ihv Saiohit lon^ohe- 
ru^&liL Nflitf thai tlidrkinj^ wae hUvc. 
AoooT<]Lu^Lpbijii,abci'iiiilHdPu|i1ydiAtr^f 
And bliiwlwl in bb left eys, Icn^ dwL-It in 
« Dell qear tho Abbey ol SL. John «t 
OheAler. Ke wm v»ftit«J by Heni^ L, 
who had a prnLroctfi] [jrivati? dlrtoauroo 
willi hiiD. Gd 1ili« douLh-bed tbi7 kinj^ 
drclared that tbu recbj:«d was flMoUL 
Thia tTodUion, that be was dnr^ed fruna 
among tbe Blatn uud curriad uH alive, h 
reppfltpfi hj Frcitnlon nniJ Knyghton. 
Hlr F. Palpuvcf obMrrus ^ — '" If wamoi' 
pare the dJXi^rtiut uurmtivBB ijuuuum- 



Ide Lhfl frihunfBtion'Tof Hnmld, w* 
nlijhll And Ibv iLiwt remEtrkulilt) diti- 
□rttidndcd. Tti^^ucnpo oj HaruldnCfuJd 
BolvB Iba diffluuUy ; tbo Ulc, ihoUgb 
rojiintitit^f id not incredible, und tho eir- 
DilTii'^dLliiN^^inny'iiairv^ ho i^'OQncilHd ivich 
jirubahility.' Biii ijf Ihln fiUtry. it rufty 
bo hAkel, Id tiii:won\ivi Fullur, nhcre la 
the "^ gritiii of probkbiJJCy to waaan H ?" 
It fs wdLKntfwnbnw foDdlvBviknquiBhod 
pto]"'!? will omlinii^g snv Huppositim of 
eivfi]ri:' fir n po[iidar nrid native Icing, 

"Ticw nr>b thalCQfpw tniiitriiAtfully, 
IJefacixL and mangled though it 1M| 
Nor ohflrielj bnpe in vain/' 

Arivr KloddcnplhuiJeawariloQg&alcr- 
tained that James IV*. bitrvivnl Bonaa 
it -H-iUi respect to Don HehaQtinti, of 
PortuBttl i Frederiolt, Emporor of Qer- 
iiiany -. and Iho Cirrak R^mperor, Ttfild. 
vrlnof nandfra; nnU with such delu- 
bIdhh may be cTan^ (.be supjiowd taca[i« 
uE Sins ilftidd. 



4 



83 



NOTES ON THE RiitlLY OF WHITFELD, OE 

\\TUTFIELD, 

OF THE COUNTIES OF NORTHUMBERLAND 

AND SUSSES. 



BY MARK ANTONY LOWER, DIA., F.aA, 



Some years since, while traveraiag the line of the Roman 
Wall, from end to end, inidtr the guidance of my friend, Dr- 
Briice, its eniinetit historiLic and exponent,! was parti ciilnrly 
struck with the distant view of the wild and lofty height, 
rising, it is said, a thousand feet above the level of the saa, 
and called Aldstou Moor, It lies on the confines of the 
counties of NortbuiiiLerhiiid nnd Cuniberlaud, and is rich in 
lead and other mineral productions. ^* Aldston Moor'' seemed 
to me a familiar name ; and, after a little effort of memory, I re- 
collected that I had heard of it as the ancient abode of a 
family well-known in the south of England, and associated 
with the once celebrated ironworks of Sussex. Facts which 
have lately come to my knowledge have induced me tn in- 
Teatigate the history of tlils ancient race ; and 1 have now the 

{jloaaurc of laying holWe the membersof the Sussex Archroo- 
Dgical Society some details of their genealogy, and some 
particulars resfiectiJig their settlement in ourcounty, 

In the last volume of the Sussex Archmological Collections 
(xviii, pp. lO-Hi), 1 pointed out the migration in the aix- 
tcenth century. fmmSuEsex U) Glamorgansliire, of certain fami- 
lieSi who,iii the Littar county, resuscitatedthelongextinct iron- 
trade of ii^uth Wuliis* I am nut in a position to prove that, 
in a manner somewhat analugous, a proprietor of lead mines 
OIL Aldaton Moor was induced to come from the northern 

M '2 



84 NOTES OK THE FAMILY OF WHITFELD, 

borders to settle in Sussex, to worlc our iron; but there is 
strong prcaiiopticn that sucli was the cjise. Certain it ia 
that UoBKRT WiiiTFELD, thc patnQi'ch of the Sussex Whit- 
felds, came from Alflston Moor about the end of the fifteenth 
century, uEtd fixed bis abode ut WaUJiurst. 

The circumstances attending this gentleman's settlement 
ill the South present some peculiarities, which will be best 
explaincfl by the subjoined document. The jealous policy of 
Henry VIII. with ref^ard to the immigration of aliens, par- 
ticularly Frenchmen and Scotchmen, is a matter of biatoiy. 
Imprisonment was one of the lightest penalties wliich the 
foreigner had to submit to ; and even a man of English birth 
was frequently subjected to great indignities unless lie could 
make good his elaim to btj a genuine John Bull. 

Holinshed, under 14 Hen. V!II., says, tliat In the per- 
secutions then raised against French and Scotchmen, attempts 
were made to accuse mauy Engli^hmeu, natives of Northum- 
berland, and to fine them as Scots; *of which Ent^lishmon 
borne neoer Scotland,' says a marginal note, attached to some 
papers at Wliitfield Hall, North utn be rhmd, * the said Robert 
\Vhitfichl was one/ The ttnorof the Certificate, which is in 
Latin, is as follows: — 

^* To all the sons of Holy Mother Church to whose notice 
these letters shall come — Hugh Prior of Durham and Sir 
William Hilton desir** health in t\w Lord. — Whereas Robert 
Whitfitkl, late residing at Wadhiii'st, in Sussex, has of 
latti suffered much annoyance and reprooch by charges 
brought Against hiin of being a Scot, and born in Scotland; 
and certain powerful men and other ministers, officers of the 
King in that part of the country, were willing to bail him 
frojH //it sfocks and pi'tmn till he could bring evidence of 
his being born in England; and he, the said Uobert Whit- 
field, liath petitioned us to make diligent inquiry by sufficient 
witnesses concerning his birth, and the place of his nativity, 
— We, therefore, the said Prior and William Hilton, Knt, on 
the oath anil diliginit examination of Johi Whiijield^ of 

Whitfield^ i'f!!-^., aged 50; Henry Wallez, of 

in thc CO, of NortLumlerland, Esq.^ aged 60; Alexander 
Whitjield of Almdah^ in the liberty/ of Uexliam^ Gmt^ 
aged 60; John Archer, of the parish of Aldneston, yeoman, 



NOTBS ON THE FAMILY OF WHnTELD. 



S5 



Qgcd 69; Thomea Hutchinson, of tlie same parish, aged 73; 
RicJianI RoAvman, of the same parish, yeoman, aged GO; 
John Whkfu'ld^ of ICirkhauijJi^ yeoman^ aged ^0 and more ^ 
able and siilHciflrit witnesses, sevemlly sworn and exainineilf 
do find that R^^hert Whftprid wu tht'. son of MiUs Whit- 
field and Maud hiii w'\(\ who long before und aft.er the said 
Kobort'a birth, resided in the aforesaid parish of Aldncston; 
that he was baptized in the pnnsli church of Aldneston, by 
one Rohert Jackson, cljaplain, then vicar tliere; that Edmund 
Lee, Thomas Stephenson, and Isiihelhi Bowman, were his 
3ui-ctic3 at hia baptism ; and Andrew Lokeson, the witness 
of his confirmation by tho hishi>p. — In witness, &c. Dated at 
Durham, 14 Aug. 1522, 

*'Tliis eerllficatc waa fetched out of Durhmn by John 
Edwards, Gent., ^onn^'Ui-hihy q^ th^ said Rol>ert Whitfield, auiil 
George May, of Fren^ihes, in the parish of Burvvash, in Susses, 
Esqr., ^ra«<i:wiof thesaid Rohert Whitfield, at the request of 
the said Robert, and now remaineth in the cust'idy of Heniy 
WhU/ield, of Tenterden, in Kent, Esi[-, grandson of the said 
Robert, 30Julv, \^\{\.''~Hodg>i(m. 

My friend, >. Hylton D, Longstaffe, Esq,, F,S.A., of 
Gateshead, widely renowned for his genealogical attainments, 
to whom I am mainly indebted for the" northern" portion of 
tlie history of the Whitfelds, h:H kindly funiishetl me with the 
following sketch of the early descents of the family ; — 



out rtf ihehcp^cf Whitftilii Hull, 

fUL Nt^rUuiiiib&rliLiLiiH piJ^vvrJJior. [u rf^lit 

tir Ids wife (>riiaEidalUi:iliim iJi 

Cumber Ltlnd. 



^ 



WlLUASI WillTFEI. 



^ 



^ 



RlCllAHIl WltlTrtLte 



Whi>tclby, Liurd of the Mnnnr of BancLnK 
hohiii^. in l\ni \sai\6h ti Alfilou, ou. Cum- 
bcrfiku^L. k1i4) \\i^A Ibe inanor of ILaitdal- 
lioliiii- &nJ ct^ftam kittti" \m ATrJatocj Moi>r 
and KJtkhuti|jh, " holdeo \}. c. aflerworda] 
oflJuf BarDD o£ HlLtoD," hfiirof Vipoat, 

[Froiu Ihti oitlJimry computotiorj ^^^ 
itireo f^Dcrati'^QB to a i^vntiirv, WiUiaiu 
WhjtfulJ, at tllD hcjiJ uf (hid ^JodigruT-, 
tikUfit hnvc b»ti] liarti in tlin InUrr pnrtion 
of Lhe PLh ccntur>. — Jd. A. L.3 



lU>bertV, JoUn W. 

Frwio tyti*: af tiicse iArnug ihe 

bt?f VVliilFt1il4 of 

KuDdalliolmu, 



Mii'Bs WniTFEi.D=i=Mttiid. 

Alddron. I 

I 



Thwnu 

W- 



BoBtttT WnrrFKLD, Vrnpt, at AlJfll.-r* iq IIjL ; went to Wiiitliuret, 



86 NOTES ON TUB FAMILY OF WHITFELD, 

Tlie autbenticity of Robert Wbitfeld's descent from the 
Norttiuiiiberliii^d family is furtber attested by the follawiDg 
certificate of William Detlnoke, then York Herald, and sub- 
sequently Garter King -of- Arms. As it occurs within fifty j 
years of the date of the previous cortificata, and as during fl 
that period abundant opportunities of upsetting that docu- " 
merit, bml it been spurious, must have presented themselves, 
we have the strongest reason for believing in the correctness 
of the pedigree. 

" This ppiligroo i>f WiUiam Whitfield nnd nflL^r from n<i. WliT^fieM 
linflaU^7 d^Bcondod, ns appearotli abova writen, ia vcrclieil by Uio reparl, 
tostiiuoiiy, and kDoifflud^o of John Wbitfield, cf ShHgill, in Anbton 
More, vithio the tu. of CuTnUcriand, beiii;^ of llm age of SO jtufs, uitidu 
in prospnce of Rnffe WhilMd. t^f Whitftilil. Esq.; John WbilfaiM. of 
RiLudeU Holmt^, gcot, ; and divi^r^ otW-T gcct. Ch«ro at that tiioo pr^cnt, 
touching tho bi^th^dcsco^it, aii J pedigree of Mylefi Wliitfield, of NeUes- 
burj, in Aulst^jn Morij, id llie co, afsd. ; and Hubert to bo the Boniit* of 
the ^id MjIqs is proved I7 the ^xaniiTi&eon arid di^positiojia of John 
WMlficIi. Esq.; Alesr. W,^ of Alleiidalo, ^ont. ; John Arebcr, of 
Aulston ; and othoTdf oa appeareth by ccrtiticat^^ made to that iritpnt aud 
purjioEfc, Aug, 14, A'* lS2li : wLidi Robt., eo liotullj Jesceiidud, t'tauQ 
cut of the North partes of ibis realm of EngUnd, and dwell at Wiid^ 
hnrnt in Snuei^s, and hrvJ issue a£ appearcth. Tbu whkh pciligrcD w&b 
Bought and examlni'il, ami registered witbin the ufiicc of arms ncro Paula 
Warfp, in boiidoriH Hi fttfb., A'lfiTl., A* U EKk- by WUliam Ddthicte, 
o]ia£ Yurke HorauU of Arm^. 

J. B. T-if/hr'a Copy of Visit Korthd., 1576. 

In the genealogical table to which thia note ia attached, and 
-which is in substauce the aame as that given above, it is 
stated that ** R*ilK*rt, stm of Mjles, cmue cut of the North 80 
years past, and dwelt at Wiulhnrst/' This would make his 
arrival in Sussex about the year 1491, as stated above. 
At that time our Iron Works were being aroused into a 
state of activity previously unknown^ and the presumptioa 
that Mr, Whitfeld engaged in the iiunnifactare at Wudhurst, 
the centre of a great iron district., is increfised by the facit 
that his son Ki-bert wiis possessor of the old mansion ofRow- 
fnnt, in the nut fur distafit parish of Worth, and carried on 
extensive works in that and the neighbouring districts, and 
that his grandson, Ge'.frge Maj, of Barwnsh, was a well- 
kHown iron -master J as his father had probably been before 
him. 



4 



NOTES ON THE FAmLY OF WniTFSLO. 



87 



' 



The good social status of Bohert WJa'tfeld is shewn "by 
the excellent coEnectiuns furmed hj Lis cbilJj'en with the 
Jefferays, EilwarJaes, nnd MaySj all armigemus fiimilies. 
The following is n deduction of tKe branches, existing and 
extiDct, from their original Susses progenitor. 

Of hia own marringe, I can discover no particnlnra ; and 
^yhethe^ his wifu was a nortlieni lady, or of South-S[tson 
race, it would be difficult or impossible at this distance of 
time to ascertain. Of hia children, tho eldest son wa.3, as 
we have seen, a landed proprietor and iron-muster at Worth, 
and, probal>lyT also at WadliiirsC, us he is stated in the 
Visitation of lfi34 to have been of the latter place, thongh 
the herald, by inadvertence, nny have confonnded him with 
his father, lie married Agnes, daughter of William Att- 
wood, of the County of Kent, and had issue Thomas W. of 
Mortlake, co, Surrey, and William W, The elder son, 
Tbthiuas^ loftrried Mildred- daughter of TIenry Manning, of 
Greenwich, whose arnia were Sable^ a lion rampant^ iend^ 
of six Artjeiit and Gufd^ ; which arms, associated with those 
of the ancient coat of Whitfeld, were sanctioned and attested 
by the celebrated Chirencieiix, William Cauid^in, ** Nonrice 
of Anticjnitie," in IGOti. The issue of this union were— 
John W,, of whom presently ; Henry W., of Ockley in 
Surrey, whose wife was n daughterof Dr. Shelf; Knthcrinc, who 
married William Geofiry (or Jefferay) ; Elisabeth ; Lucy ; and 
Frances. John Whitfeld, the elder sou, was resident at Row- 
fant at tlie ttme of the Visitution of 16-^4 ; lie married 
Eliza, daughter of Sir Edward Culpeper, of Wakehurst, 
Kiught, by whom be had Thomas, who had attained his ma- 
jority before 16S4; John, Robert, Elizabeth, Anne, and Maria. 
.Jiespecting this branch, the Visitutions alTurd ns no further 

trmation ; but tbere are several monnmcntal inscriptions 

their memory in Worth Chui^h, which will probably be 
copied in a future volume of tlicsc Collections, Tho junior 
and existing branch derive their descent from a seeond son, 
John W-, of Tenterden, co, Kent- His other children were 
the following: — 

Thoius Wu[rp'fiLD, of Wadlnrat, wbolufl no,mal« issne, Ono of lim 
co-beiroe^es, MarLbn^ irnpn^d Kic^Lard Bsllnrd, cf that plflce, a de«cpQ- 
4aiit of tlto uLoioDt Ballaide^ '^f H<irton| near Cantorburj. 



88 



tJOTEB OV THE PAMltr OF WHITPII.O, 



Elib\, wife or Hflhard Joffcraj, Esq,, of Chiddinglj Pluc**, By b 
vrbo dinl m 1554. shti vm moLlier uf lli« ivIulrriLtot Sir tri^Uii JvHcrmy^ 
Lord CbieF-Ttnroti nf t.hn Eiohequi^r, whosr* maginficonl Tnonimnijt r*» 
mftme in Chiddinglj ChtJrcli- (^iec Hwaa. ArcL- Cull., XIV., p. ^25, fop 
the noble and illostnouB deace&d&nle oC this uiArhago.) WortHics ^f 

Eli^abbih, wife of John Edwards, of Mavfi^ld* and of nti-ilLiml, in 
Worth, whcao dewMindnnts reinori'd to VorvAatlv, whtro Uiej' wura resi 
doDt at thtf dftte of Iha Vuitetiou of 1631. 




llARfl^TiET^wifffof TlioEuia Moj^of pBBhlp'T, Ui Tieebiirat, loa of Tho 
May, of WnHhurrt, ao.l ffllLcr of (ktrgc M^y, of Burw^h, whoftc ^rnndJ 
sODwaa the i^^ltbratoi poet and hiatod&n, Thomas Majr. (^e Wortfaiva 
Sniiecx, ]), i:>0.) 

John IVTiitfeld, oi TcnteriG^^ mentioned above, married 
first, Elizabeth, daughter of CJIement Stacy, of that plac«, 
aiid had Clement, John, Tbomiis, Marj^aret, and Bridget, 
Ills second wife w:La Eliz^ihetb, duuglittr and heiress iJt'John.1 
Crowe, to whom he wasintirricd in 155t^* The only issue ofl 
the second alliance was Herbert W», Esq,, who was bom Li 
1560, and buried in 1622 at Tenterden, where there is a> 
monument to his memory. ^ By Marthn, second daughter of] 
Hohert SLeppard, of Pensmarsh, Estj., he bad five sons and om 
daughter- One of the sons, llalpb Whitfeld, of Gray's lnii,i 
married Dorothy, eldest daughter of Sir Henry SpelmEin, the 
celebrated antiquary and jurist, and author of the '* Glossary," ^i 
the '* History of Sacrilege/' &c. Mr, WLitleld dii^tlnguisihoil^l 
himself in the law, ohtiiincd knighthood, anJ, jis Sir Ralph 
"Whitfeld, became possessed of the valuable papers of Im 
eminent fatheMn-Jaw. " He hiid issue, Herbert and others, 
whose names are detailed in the note, 



■ The Taofmuieat ia • honilBODie one, 
and occapicfl b ptiwe in the KobsrU 
CliHt^vI; it u 4!hnopfed, nbd hna Iwd 
effigipR. The inwrlptinn U on ffiHow* : — 
'^Uuro Lyetb IndirTod tim Kodiea of 
llcrlvrt WTijUlIiIh lafu of Tari(<i]'i1afip En 
tllo CoutiJyof Kt'nt, Encj-, doBeondcd of 
flic nniHtit ymiitii}' at y- W^hilfclda, of 
^VTrltfi'lif. in The County of Norlhutn- 
Lurland, orid wUua bee Uved iru Jiutlci 
of I'mM'b fi>t tht Counly of Kent i nnd 
Marthik. hia nifc, dnogbtcr of fioberi 
ettiophard, of Peniieniopsbo, Id iJie 
Osmnty vt Siitfvx, Kmj , whrio iiiLA yf.^p 
FtHplie. Jubn. HerbfTL* Aiii.ht>UT, KitlKirt. 
And &iU(bbeai> Tlie «ud MnriJiA Dvvd 




tho SGth cf J&nriary, IGIS; and 
l«rC. Ilie J^'mht^r, •.\yt-il tlic Silt of Ptih- 
ninry, lii'I'l. Tha laid fihfbe in^rieil 
norctKL>. nMtgt duughlcr of t^ H 
tTlif^lman. of Ongtuuii. lii the Gi^tintf 
fJorfnlkn KfiiffliL, nnd bv tiL-r Zialli Ibbud 
HurborU Hcar^j Ra|t1ii], and I'lji-.tih^, 

*' Tbi.' uaiil John luj^rriisil Mfrry« 
<]uu^liT<<T et 1EA|i]in ArLlnjinii, of WO' 
tcrrui?, la tbl; County nf iiuckhighnlii, 

Scr>t„ nnd L»y ttr liitd iwue Mnrllin ftad 
lcc,(?) Anthany upd BIJErttKjiIi dyvl 
nfl«!r Jbti'ire Uolbcp, hud in the Iryfu " 

■ Ojilnu^ff^i Bias- CioL, vol. xxviH, 
p. I'M. 



NOTES ON THE FAMILY OF WHTTFELD. 



89 



To return to Jolm Wliitfeld, whose name heads tins 
paragraph; it la painful to record, on tlie rtiitiiority of the 
parish register of Tcntcrdcn, tliat in the month of May, 1585, 
he drowned himself. As his death occurs a hundred and 
thirty- four J ears aft4*r hi^ faUier'a baptism, he must have 
been fur advanced in lifti Mt th« data uf this event- " 

Ckmait Whiifdd^ tlie elJcial son of John, was born (and 
baptized) at Tcntcrdcn, 23rd Ucccmher, 1548, and married 
Mary, daughter of AVillinm Blunt, Esq. Both husband and 
wife di^d at Kye; and they left issue, besides otlter children, 
who married into the Sussex families of Hay, Fowie, &c-, a 
6 on and heir — 

Francis Whitfeld^ who vraa of Biddenden, Smarden, and 
Bethersden. He died in 16G0, aud loft, biisides two daugh- 
ters, a son — 

Frauds Wltilfdil^ who was baptized at Smarden, in 1633, 
and died at BetherfldeUj in 1695. He married twice ; first 
to Elisabeth, daughter of — Waterman, of Willesborougl), 
Eaq,, by whom be hftd a son, Thomas W., whose grand- 
daughter, the ultimate heiress of this line, married Williaut 
Curteis, Esq.j uncle of Edward Ji^remiab Curteis, Esq,, 
M>P. for Sussex, so that this brancli of the family is now re- 
pi-esented by Herbert Mascall Curteis^Esq., of Windmill Hill. 
His second wife was Martha, daughter of — Ruek, Esq., of 
Hardres and Deal, by whom he had twin children, VViUiam 
and Martha. The latter, who wns born in 1673, married a 
tinsriun, William Whitfeld, of Binlsisle^ in the parish of 
Teiiterden, who died in 1733, aged 71, and was buried at 
Tcnterden. Tbccnly son — 

William Wkiifdd^ bora 1673, was of Bybrook, in Ash- 
ford, aud died in 173U. His children were — !• Frances W, of 
Bybrook; ^1. Thoimu^ j 3, Jolm, vvlio died unmarried j 4, 
Itev, William W,, Fellow of Jesus Coll,, Cambriilge (ob. C(rl) ; 
5. Elizabeth* the only daughter, who died unmarried. 
Francis Wliitfeld bad a son, Fraucia Whitfeld, B,C.L-, V'icar 
of Godmevfiham andChallock, and rector of BeiVj all in Kent, 



s EsJtmI of Pit. Hcg,. Tentcrden» 
kintllf commuDlaxtcd by Uio Rav, H. 
K, M4?re^vutlior: *' Jobo WhiU^ld hfiviag 
drownfi! hjmafilf tt»ft InVI in n gmTf, hue 
noBervico bbIcI, y* Zatji Jay of Msye, 



ArM-*' Cori5ir3i:riiig the ftdranfled age 
of Mr. Whitfold, it b r«nBaaabI« lo 
beTJcvd UiBt lia itoa n&n gonpttw mmtit. 
Cl^riMtian cTiftrKy ftnd fthmnonn aenra 
buve iocrtiufiadtvtLbiii this IruilIXK) yiun. 

N 



90 NOTES ON TUE FAMILY OF WUtTFLLD. 

ancestor of tlie Ashfard branch, of whirh the cxistin; 
representative is, I believe, Mr. Henry WLitfcM, surj^eon, a| 
nameflSf^ociat>d with all that tends to the social well-being of 
his fellow men. 

T/iomas ir/j/yVW, of Ashford, fi'oni whom the now exial 
inj Susses branch descends, died in 1755, hariug had issuo 
by his wife, Grace, daughter of John Waterman, Esq,, 
several children, two of whom settled at Lewes, viz,, Francii 
and Lewis. The former, who was born in 1746, was one oi 
the psirtners of the Old Bank in that town, and died in 
1807, leaving bv Elizabeth, daughter of William Brett, OJ 
an old Lewea f:irnlly, an only child, the Kev, William Brett 
Whitfeld, Fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge, aii( 
rector of I^wford, in Essex- 

Leiciff irA///eW, of Lewes, who was born in 1747, died in' 
1312- Hewasfatber ofTlionias Wliitfeld, Esq., of Lewes and 
Hanisey House, whose son, Gecrge Whitteld, Esq,, of Lewcti,] 
\b a Magistrate for the county of Sussex. 

I have deduced the later descents of this family in a purely 
genealogical spirit, merely to connect the present with thi 
past. It is curious to note in a succession of fifteen generations 
ma untitled fimiily enjoying a general current ot prosperity 
— holding on the even lenonr rf their way amidst the ninni-j 
fold chances and changes of thia aublurmry statfl— for mo: 
than five centuries- This acoount of the Whitfebls might bi 
greatly ampliflyd in its numerous brauches; but mv object' 
was simply to show the connection between the WhitfehU of 
tiie North and those [»f the South, ns provud by the cTirjojs 
certificate cited at the commencement of this paper. 

The arms of Lbe Wliitfelds of Northumberland nn* 
8usscx hiivc always been, Arfferity a bttid j'f'rin hcdrt'fn twt 
coitiftes tiwjfdiUd^ Sahl^; a simple and doubtless a very curb 
coat, Tlieir crest is, Out of a pallimd^ crown Argent^ 
siajfs head Or. 



91 



EOY.VLIST COIEPOSITIOXS IN SUSSEX DURING 
THE COMMONWEALTH. 



Br WILLIAM DURRANT COOPER, KS.A. 



Two years since transcripts were made fmm the Composi- 
tion papers in the Public Record Office^ t*> enable our 
nieailjera ty learo sometliiug cf the extent to which thu 
Bojaii.sts of Sussex Ljid suffered in their estates, 

I had well hoped that it would Lave been practicable to 
have seen them edited and annotated by Hi, I31a«.uw» Ho 
Las the fullest aequaintaaee with the proceedings in our 
county during the Civil War; hla vivid and clear dtscriptioa 
of the military prw^eediii^s withiu our borders, printed in 
our (iftb volnmej is evidence of how valuable his aid would 
have been in tliis paper; and it has been with cnnsiJerable 
hesitation that I have undertaken lo discharge the duty of 
preparing f^r the press such extracts as may show a portion 
of the pecuniary hardships inflicted on those who opposed the 
parliament. 

There were two classes, who were selected for contribu- 
tion — Ist, the Royalists prt>pcr, or, as tiicy were styled, " the 
deliaquents ;" and Sndj '^ the recusania;*' the latter having 
the largest proportionate coutributioTis forced from theui. 

The papers now given arc valuable also for the particulars 
they allbrd of many families and pi'i^perticsj and of the acts 
of the owners, opeidy done, to aid tlie King. Thus wc Had 

N 2 



9! 



ROYALiaX C0MF0SITI0N3 !N a^SEX. 



HcnsbiLwe, the future Bishop of PetHjrtroiigb, leiivln^j; his 
native county tn aid in the defence of Estter-, Sir Gsirret 
Kempc seniling horses and servJmU e(]rii[)pe:l to Olilch^ster, 
lii^ son being taken at Arundel Castle; Williani (luge, of 
Pniiutield, at the fall of Truro; Ricliard Viscount Lumley, 
ftt the surrender of Bristol, and his son, John Lumley, at 
the eaptiire of ffinc'liest^r Oastle; John MitJdleton, engaged 
jLt Htirsljsiui mill elsewhere; Sir WillinniForde refused a pass 
from Lord Essex tj return to hi.s estate Fit llarting, but eb- 
tainiDg one from Cromwell after the capture of Winchester; 
rind Henry Byshoppo, of Hcnfteld, deserting the kvnj^'s service, 
at Bristol, and retiring for u time to his plantations in Virginia, 

The papers are ti>o numerous to be printed in their en.- 
lirety, but the seleotions now njade will serve to ilhistrate 
documents 3catt<?red over many foho volumes* 

By the ordinance of the Lords and Commong, passed 3ist 
^larch, 1643, it was ordered that the estates, real and personal, 
nswellofthetwonrchbishopsandothers therein named, ns also of 
**all other person and persons,' ecclesinsticid or temy»oral, as bad 
raised, or should raise, arms against the parliament, or had 
l>een, were, or should be, in actual w^r against the same; or 
had contributed, or should voluntarily contribute, not being 
under the power of any part of the ting's army, any money, 
horse, plate, nnns, munition, or other aid or assistance in 
aid of the king's forces, or for opposing any force raised by 
parliament"; or for robbing, &c», of any who bad willingly 
yielded to its demands; or of such as had joined, or should 
join, in any oath or act of association against it; or had im- 
[H>sed, or should impose, any tax or assessment in support of 
any forces against it, should be seized and sequestered into 
the hands of sequestrators and committees. 

The sequestrators for Sussex were Sir Thomas Pelhani, 
Bart., Anthony Stapley, Herbert Morley, Thomas Whitfield, 
John Enlcer, Harbert Hay, Esquires; Herbert Springatt, of 
the Broyle; Kalph Cooper, Hall Kavenscroft, Edward 
Apsiey, John Downes, William Cawley, Edward Higgon, 
Thomas Chate, George Oglandcr, George Simpson, John 
BusbridgQ, Thomas Middleton, James Temple, Esquires; 

1 Addl, HS , 549T> No. 17, and Scobeira Acta ami OtJId&jiw, p, 37. 



4 



H0TALI9T COatPOSITlOKS IN SUSSEX. 



98 



riijit.utn*? Tliomas CoIIIdSj CnpCiiiTie Cmleton^ and Captain 

Four treasurers were appointed to sit at GulMhall,^ and the 
comioitfc^c for sorjtiestmtions sat at Habcrdasliers' Hall. 

On the 6th June, 1643, it was expressly ordered that the 
estates of the Bishop of Chichester (Henry King), Sir John 
Morh*y(wlLuliad been summoned as iideliiiqiient by parliament, 
on 1st November, 1642, and afterwfa.rda had been tincd£500 
for his defence of Chicheater), of Mr- Wolfe, of Susses, of 
the Lord Vlscotint Montague, of Cowdray (sec Suas. Arch, 
Col., v., p. 181), ft papist, and of Sir Thornns Bowyer, 
should be sequestered. This was but tlie commence men t 
of a longaeries> 

The ordinance waa extended in its operation, by another 
ordinance, of 19th Augnat, 1643, to persona who absented 
themselves from their dvfellinga, &g., and to ** Popish reetiannts 
convict," and to those who, aiuce ^%h November, 1642, had 
willingly harboiireil, or should harbour,' any '^ popish priests, or 
jcsnita," in their houses or dwellings; or had been at mass at 
any time within a year before i^6th March, 1643,or should there- 
after be at mass^ or whose children, or grandchildren, &c,, 
under their tuition or government, should be brought up in 
the '^popish religion;'^ or, being over 21 years of age, should 
refuse to take the oath of abjuration thereby prescribed. 

What the number of sequestered estates in the wholecounty 
was, 1 have not the means of ascertaining. Many, however, 
compounded for their estates^* and of these we have alist printed, 
^irst in 1055, under the title of *' Catalogue of lords, knights, 
and gentlemen, who have compounded for their estates;'' re- 
printed in 17pS3 ; and, again, though with many typographical 
errors, in '* Historical sketches of Ubarles the First, &g., by W- 
D, Fellowea, Esq.,"* in 1828- 

£ 
Alwyn, Robert, cf Midhurat . ■ .40 

Ap&k'y, Allfii, of Lon<]oD^ i^^^it- - 434 

AnJcrtoji, Ri>Wrt, of Cbichwlcr," Eeq. . . 407 

Of Abergavenny, Lord Johu . . - BJll 

A^ltliuniliiua, Join, of A«lil>iirnhiun 



H. 


8 
4 
5 
772 10 



5 AMI MS.. S407— ffti, fp7 

* An ordiDonce of Ufh Fahy., K.iG-7, 
Htnb^liJied ODiDiola&iDijcra to nit at 



QolJeiaUh'fl HdI] to oompound with 
d^linip^nlu — flcn^btll, fol, IlB, 

» 4to. Tjmd. ami ["uri^ iHiS. 

* CouDbellor at Iaw, 



9^ 



ROIALIST COm'OSiTIO.VS IN SUS8K1. 



Alfotd, Sir Edward^ of Ofiiiigton 

Bridger, IlicliJir'!, uf A^lilmrht . 

Bridgrlpn, Wiliiam, nf linstwl, gent. 

Boflbritlgo, Robert, ot llELrcntare, geut, 

BockJonci, W»Jtcr, of Trotton, Esq. 

Brown AiiLliOEiy, hiiii uuit lieir of John Brown, of South- 
well 

BAraardf Edward, of Pctwortli - . 

Booker, Ilicliardt of PiilWroiigb 

Bowyer, Hir Tlionia'*, of Lejthoni' 

Cohort, John, of SUiigbem" 

Caring- (Carjl), John, of Hr^rting 

Coji, yiiralk. uf CIui'IjuisUt Cily . 

CradocbT Thnmns, of Chi4:henlerT g*^nt. 

Compton, bir Henry, of Brutobli'LjUf ^viih £S0O per ann 
settlfld 

Coldltftm, Williwn, Benior, of StedJiam 

Cnrver, John, of Siitlon^ yeoman 

Culliok, John^ of 8Jnp;Icto]i, ^onL 

Donstall, Thomoa of ^beiTnanl>ury 

Knton, Robert, of Cbirhenter, gent* 

Ed^haWf John, of Cliailey 

Foord, Sle William, af HartiJif:,'*^ Knight 

Goring, Hcnrj, of iSulliugton 

Goring, H<^nrj, of Burton, gt^nt. . 

Ountcr, lliomBBp'* of Chiche&tcr 

Goblo, Willioin, of Bosgrove , . 

Ooodmaa, Georgu of lIcyBhuL 

Gunter, freorge, of Rai?ton 

Ganng, Coll. George, by Willlaia Hippoely luid John 
Darica, Tm^stccs 

Henehflw, John, of LovAnt, D-D. 

Hook, TbomaB, of Chichester, clerk 

Kibfl, Riubard, of Cbiohe&tor 

Kemp, TlLomAs, of Slunlou 

Kemj»T Pir Garrft, of Blindon 

Levct, Willinni, of Waselk-ld 

Ltiuiley, Riobttrd, Lord Viscount 

Lewkner, John, of WetiLdean.^ ^^H-i witb £260 per Ann. 
settled 

Lnnaford, Hit Thomna, of Luneford 



£ 


&. 


a. 


. 15[)3 


if> 





. c^m 


a 





70 








a 








. ti96 








3 


6 


8 


3 








. a? 


10 





. 2038 


18 


7 


, SnO 








. SilJiJ 








. 120 








. 4.0 








! IZ72 


£ 





. '2S'J 


fi 





4ti 


u 


u 


B 


6 


8 


. 100 








. 150 








40 








. 600 








. 40 





a 


. a^o 


II 





- 100 


a 





24 


ic 





, 40 








- 5 feu 








. 400 








. 177 








. 255 








. 092 








, 230 








. 2931 


10 





. 4lJ 








. ID35 


10 





! 42 


d 





- aoo 









' M,P forBrtniber, cllfiiiWwI £2 Nov., 
ie42.L[o>d,MeiuoireH<l(!liS)p,*;tiJi.CftIiB 
bim *■■ gQaLlcromit iijIi'ibc ehjuI wub an- 
riobed with muny virfm?*, wlitreof the 
moM orient WAB hiuJiiiDiillty. whi^^h tooU 
bU mea't kCT^iuiIjus witfauuL ref.1btEinot;>" 
He paid £2033 -. " aad \\c aaid hv haH a 

OhviLp pCDD^Wjrth of thil pOWO Uf llld 

conficiancv. ' 



p. 49, 



» Set- ^uft^ Arah. Cnll. V. 
L1o>n[, p. {:03, B»yA £»000p 
B J1oyor;6eoSuPt.AKh,Cu;L,V..p,S7. 

p. 4u. 

U T&Jr/, p. *fl. 

L9 Bui ;ju0d, Arcli. Coll^ V^ p. G£. 



^^^^^H H0TAI.I5T COUroaiTTOrfS IN aussEJ. 


■ 


■ 


1 Lnkcticr, t^ir Thoma^i of AmboHy,^' Knight . 


84 


^1 

H 


' Lord, ThomflB. of Pctworth > • 


2 


H 


Korley, Rir Jolni, of ChitilitwUrr 


G(iO 


^M 


MoTloy, William, *if HnlfnnVi?-!" (Hafeftfeor) - 


& 


^1 


M»y, Tbomag, of llnwiucro," Esq, 


SOCJ 


1) ^H 


Mill, Tbomaa. of Groathtiiu^ Een]. 


S4» 


■ 


irarllufnui^rl,. Cuimtess Duwa^'tr, and Willffliti Aislibnni- 




^H 


hnm, har proi^Gnt tiiisbuid 


521 


^1 


^^ Pearce. Ttomas, of Uoson 


*)lt 


■ 


^^H Pearciv Iticbardf of CbldioBtor . 


2n 


a H 


^^r Page, Jobn, of Mudliurst^ 


a:* 


^1 


m Palmer^ PerBgriuc, of Chiclicater 


jf* 


t) H 


f Pbr'^fl, Wimnm, of Noltiirst 


4fi5 


7 6 ■ 


1, PiHeiii^, Juliti, ot PetL, g<-'iit. 


1 


13 4 ^1 


L Ri'+hton, Willjunir onfl Hk'hur*] Ernlcj, gout 


27*" 


^1 


1 IloUoston, WiUiftm, of KtttloboTongU? 


iiCi 


4 ^M 


1 Bandliam* Williiim, of ChicLoEtor 


100 


^^M 


1 t^liuTcL, Kiclmril, nf We»t-liiirtiiJg 


TiO 


^^H 


r SLfllolj Frnnoifi, of Chithcfiter^'^ , 


Sb 


^^^1 


1 timibvill, TJjomas, of HieJleaoombp, gout. 


400 


^1 


1 SyiflQiet, Walter, of West Wittcmig , 


tjC 


^M 


Smltii, Williaiu, of Stptijning 


20 


{) ■ 


Hylwin, Sir Niebolftfl, of Fnatoo 


1 


^1 


Tuinor^ UiJ^haril^ of Jlirdbam 


, GO 


^1 


Trymlet, KJw,» of Bosbara 


. 30 


^M 


Tujlor, Rii'liard, of EnJe^j gent. 


s:a 


f) ^M 


TnylorT JoLn, of Icbenor 


3G 


^H 


WilliaiDfi, liicbardi of Cbichtutor 


40 


U ^1 


WoJfc, NicLoIa*, of QTavdiugfftlU' 


4W 


^1 


W<>ocij Hptirj, of Horflhuui 


n 


3 4 ^M 


Tb« amcnmt receivod from all those in tljp kingil<iint wbt 


componnd^d ^^M 


for gotxia and pareonal property,' vsaa £l,305,2yil ; t 


icro wm til BO ^| 


rcceireJ for Hequeatrfttiuus, £(1,0-14^^24; aud further fr 


om the 


ODDI' ^^1 


poHiUuQ for eslalt-s, £1^277,220, 




■ 


In the spring of 1648, whilst CJiailes was in 


the Isle of H 


Wight, a strong feeling arose in favour of openi 


ng a treaty ^| 


with the KiDg. The grand juries of Essex, f 


iitrrey 


and ^H 


Kent, in the nttmea of their resfcctive countica 


petitioned ^| 


for the King*s restoration to power finJ auth{ 


)iity. 


The H 


Surrey uiid Keat petiiioners rose in support o 


' their 


peti- ■ 


tioiis, and George Goring, Earl of Norwich, the 


then owner ^H 


of Dannj, was defending Colchester agftinst Fai 


■fax/* 


when ^1 


w /Mrf, XVIL, |). 2ia. i« Aiaunmnof Ghiuh 


i«[«r. 


^^1 


i« U.l\ for Obkbeetcr, dibablc^l 22 i' rtiCkiiahculQr^ate S 


uu, Arcb, ColL. ^H 


Nov.. iGi2. Si» abo &u^. Arch, Cull., \., |>. i9- 




^^H 


V., p, IT, '» See Danny Pajwn*, 


rti4 X» 


p. 11. ^M 


la SeoiAiVf V.,p. 45, M.P. fnt Mid- 






Uurat, alco ditiabled 22 Nuv^, IGIS. 


^ 


J 



96 



UOTALIST COMPOSITIONS IN SUSeEX. 



Ilia roynlist neigliboiirs m SusacK — weU tired of the loss of 
estates and suffering heuvilyft-om the disc^uiet of the county 
— presented to both llouacs of Parliament the following 
petition; and according to the evidence of Wm. Short, of 
Amberley, the Kentish Insurrection, ia faFnur of the object 
of the petitioaa^ extended iDto this county,'*' The petition 
is not noticed in tlie Journals of eitlnir House, but it was 
circuliited in the county aa a broadside, from nhiiih 1 reprint 
it:— 

TO TUE RIGHT HONOURABLE THE LORDS AND 
COMMONERS ASfiEMBLED FN PARLIAMENT 

AT WESTMlNbTER. 

Thb UuvjjLa PaTrT[c»r of tdb Knjqdtb, QicNTnYf CLBtiuiBf ^ki> 

ClJUHONAl-TT UP TUB CotfNTV OF SuahEl". 
PnBBJENTED TO ^OFQ HoVBIS UPON WeD9£BDAV IrdBT, JdHC 7, 1G46 

Bhbbbth,- — That the miserable effect* of this civil war under which 
our Coutitri^ and three Idngdonje hava long and LcaWly groaned, am tlio 
onolj mntiTCS of these oar liuiublc and ftrvent Deisircs hereby propouiiJcd 
to jour Uluiuuth. 

1. That our most grjicious Bovereign Lord King Charlee mnj he 
speedily and hononrnbly tocotred to a eafo Tn-atio nith th<! Itto Hoii£i>a 
of r&rliamcut, for the Qnu aetliiig of a ^{^l^rouiidsd Peace liolh lu 
Clinri;li niul Cnntmui) wealth, as aIso of his own jut^t I%htAj and of tha 
HightH of Fflrliantent, 

2. Thai the Anvora of the Army nndor tlio cominand of tUo Lord 
Fairfax uyay lie poid^ iind the Annie wilt all espeditieii disbajided. 

3. That according to the Fundwiwntnl Con&litntions of xhis Kingdome 
we viay bo gevemed by the kuowu Laws of this KingJomo, and not 
othorwiee. 

4. That from ht^uct-forlh our catfitos and gooda may bo freed from all 
Taxes Eind IinfM>«itionfi. 

b. That OG Gani&ona within tho eaid Gountie be any longer contjitnc^, 
and Ihnt the Ordnance aitd Ammunitioji taken from the Sea Towim may 
he ictiinieil for the bettor dcfiiuce of Lhem and ihe whole Countrie frooi 
forwign lovflsions. 

Wo therefore (oq the Woll-nffcctod Comities have already) doa 
Lnuibly jiray jou to yccld a jirt^erit condeseontion to onr bniuhla 
iJesirtH. That su uur diffemuciia ajid di\'ifiJonfi inuy he hajipilj com- 
jKjsod ■ all mifciindijrElandingg botvceen Prmce and Peojjie timely re- 
moved ; llifl Maic6ty(n{?cordinjdj to our GolcQin cngagtmoot) rcndred 
yWionftj both King and Kinydonic roturucd to tlicir iJibtiric dignity 
and t^pb^mkir at htiiiie nnd ahmad ; and your fciIvps thoreby merit the 
gratefuU uud univeretLlI acdanjaUcms of good anJ fAithfiil Fatriuts. 

And your PetitLunerG shall pray. &c. 

1" nud, XVII., p. 220. 



GEORGE LORD CORING. 



97 



On IGth July, 1651, an onler was made to sell severiil 
estates of delinquents, and among them of Christopher 
Leweknor, late of the Middle Temple, esrjuire (formerly 
Iteconler of Cfiich&ster), juid on 16th August, 1Q52 (aniong 
others), of Williiim Lord (afterwards created Earl) Craven. 

Geohgk Lord Gorino. — The zeal of this nobleman for 
his royal muster is well known; bnt it was not till lOth 
May, 1650, that the commissioners of sequestration for 
Sussex were authorised and desired forthwith to seize and 
SGcnre the *^ estutea niall and porsonnU uf George Lord 
Goreing yn father^ :inil Lo. Goreing the somiej lying'** in 
this county. 

It was under the excnss of coming to England to coin- 
pouid for hid estates that this Nobleman was at home to 
head the Kentish and Sussex petitioners. After the fdl of 
Colchester, lie and his son retired to Paris, and in a short 
time he succeeded in having the sequestration of his estates 
discharged. His case waa heard on 28th February, 1050-1, 
by the coniTnissioners for ihe atlvance of money, aictmg at 
Ha}>erdasln3rs' Hull," when Mr, Rrereton argued for the 
Commonwealth, and Mr. Lee as counsel for Ijord Goring; 
and the esaminatioa of Timothy ISuttg having been read, 
also two letters subscribed by Colonel George Goreiiig, the 
son, dated at Paris, one directed to the said Lord G., the 
other to the said Timothy Butts, it was determined that it 
did not appear he was a delinqneiit witliin the ordinances of 
parliament^ and it was resolved to discharge the sequestra- 
tion upon his estate. Part of this was Mulbcry House, let 
for £130 a-year, and on 4th Miirchj 1651, Anthony Deanc, 
to whom he was indebted, sought to keep half-a-year's rent, 
but failed." 

Hut Lord G» did not enter again into possession without 
trouble, for Stephen Humphrey and Henry Stalmun, the 
Commonwealtli corainiaaioners, wrlliu^ from Chichester, on 
18th January, 1653-3, stat^ that the estates were claimed 
by Isaac ,Iones,^ as mortgaged for £3O0Oj borrowed to dis- 
charge the son's debts. 



aftflT mirkftd R. C. P.J, I suf., va\. SS, 
tQ\. 1007. 



■" Ihid, roU im^ Sol U&. 

« /bill, vol, •ss,fiA. lorn*. 
» Ibid^yoi. nrt», ibl. 551. 





98 



EOTALtsr COMPOSiTlONa IM SUSSEX. 



following 



The council also were dissatisfie'l, und the 
letter was sent to the comuissLoiiers of sequestriitLon, 
&c,i — 

Gkntleben, — We« bave melt with sonifl leLtcra cojiceniing tlifl L<ir<l 
Qoriug aniJ his sojui Gsorgo Goring, both of thtm tro-jtorB and encmj ea 
to this stale; b^ thooc Icttcra it cppcarca to us that thej have eoma 
feofTees and trustees iu Englandf vrlio h&ye tlie mana^emtni of nbat tbej* 
oa!1 thair f^^tal^, parlicnl&rly^ one Hip(>La1&y, and one Bittts, wbo^ wp.a eap- 
puee, may bae H'rtng la or nt-ar ^u^aex^ aeere j^ estate. Waa thinke litt 
ti^ fltndc tibcec Icttora to you, dQairitiiif you to make the Ixtiit mc of tbcm 
imdei' fiLich infonnalioiia you sb all mutt witb for the dij^ovisry of that 
frauil and irtifit ; for which pnrjiDse wee ctinf eivrt ycin vill f^end for tha 
Goid Hippaloj and liutte, and prooood to the cxaniiniitEon of Ibo rnatittr, 
and mjike uai- of tho whole for the advantage of the etote, whorpm wee 
notliiiig daubl of your L:are and diUigeact), according to tlje Irufite rupoaed 
in yon. 

SigneJ in the namo aad hj order of j" oomtoittoo of etato^, appojntod 
bj authority of parliEuutot. 

PENIS BOND, Prcficd'^ 

Whiteholl, 2401 July, Ub2. 

The letters enclosed were from John Goring, the son^ to 
his father and his brother Charles; both »ire dated, ** From 
the army before Barcelona, — 27th of May," and show that 
the writer had joined the French service, in the w«,r against 
Spain, wbioh was terminated only by the Peace of the 
Pyrenees (7th Nov., 1659). The Letters give no very enviable 
account of the state of the writer's healthy or the nature of 
the service in which he was engaged:—* 

Mt Lobd,'"- — About BIX moaUiB einco I recoaved two lett^ra from y' 
1/ t bdng then sit^kiu my bed ^f a calmjUire, [bunuiig fever] and Eincetbat 
time Boe perac^iiulfd wilJi an ague^ and fiits of Ihc gonte, and aeh«a aliuoat 
orer all my body^ that until these last fow dsyaa 1 havo not bocue ablu to ^et 
out of toy chauiber, aad non, ihoagh I am often on horacback, I can 
banJly goe orfltand alone, aiLil thh liaA betrne tho cnu?^ w}iy I have not 
writ?n to yo^ L^'- in boo long a time, for never anything bnt meero Jiu- 
possibility shall keep me from pctfunnin^ my duty to yo' L^. In one of 
those lettera I rccoavcd from yi/ L" I find you baYe boar<l my condition ii 
mnch aasyfiT than realy it is, for I nft^nrti yo^ L^ that in nine months T 
bave receavd bat two months' pay, bat yet 1 bave nco roa^on to complayno 
of the (Joneral^s ?aro of nii^, for the neci-aeitys aie boo lE^rcat hoarv that 
others of my condition are ooo of tbosi? payu8 behyud me. i say not tbis 
to give yo"" L"' any tboogbu of providiug for me, for I doe verily bcliese 

H lltid, vol. OSr fob ^'^T. ^ IM, voJ. 38, p. QUO. 



GEORGE LOaU GORING. 



99 



that tliongb I ahonld coritlnnG a cripTa all my life yet th&d^ minieters will 
fiUoff luo bread, oni if it pluosi] God I can rocovor but aucL a portion of 
etre^igtli t» I had ^hea jo' h^- savr tae last, I need not fearo want of 
employ inerrt and tiu-JinRs t-i bo ratber aaeful then burdGTisonie to ray 
friends, I cotkf^&s^ I ahotild be vorj gl&d to hoaro to \That coodition 
yo' L"" ifi and how my brolhct dhposcH of himaolfo and to know jiar- 
liciiUrly what la Jocie lu fialv or luorgaJgiug of thnt bri>ken eslato I left 
hi En^lami, for next to jo' L^' 1 am mo*t concerned in the [irertHrvAtion 
of your housQ and ^unily ; and in thosa tbing^i which ha^s relation to jof 
Lord™- owno cose and ^aheistencc, I dnro say I am more conceroed tban 
joarBtrlff t and ^Itli wLat recuumiBiidatiijELs and helpea of muuj and friends 
I may promise my Bclfe from this coart I dare nsi^iiri! yo' I>^ I aball be 
enabled to glre yo' L^ a bettor oeoount of the remaynder of tlie oetate in 
Englnnd tbtm jo' L"- has found or can expect from thoso greedy nn- 
fuytljful fitiiWardH, Hyprilry and ButlN, the liv^t nf wliii^h hoa not vouch- 
safed me one word fflince my being in Spayne), in account of the trust ho 
has reccovil from mo^ eyt^Jer as feofou or cjf lottiars I sent him to my Lord 
[Jerome Weston, Earl] of Portlan J to pay him aome money for me* but 
BupptHen 1 arn fiue f&c uuLtif Uh reach that be may line me with what con- 
tempt he pleiLKC- Nut knowing through whose hnnds thia letter may 
paaae, I shall not adrenturc to eond yo' L^' any aavee, but baing in hope 
ibal fen moiitha will flet a happy end to thia eiegc, 1 purposa if Gin! giro 
uic licalth and life to goe to Madrid, and from thence tu uke my ri&ei 'aa 
1 sball be adTcrli&ed fmm y' I.*^ and ohJigL'd by the necessity of my con- 
dition. I humbly bogg yo^ !<>'' blueeiag aad ahull ovor romayno 



Yonr Lordi>hip'H Most dutiful ami most 

Obedient £OnnD, 

GEOBGE GORINQ. 



W The second letter to Lis brother is also of much personal 

F interest. 

Before Burcelone, 27 May. 

Deare Collofbl* — r rcoesTod a letter from yon wherein yon gaye 
mo notice of some ouvflrlurcB made yoa to goe into England, In ntany 
day es after I lad jonr Irlttr, I hm not able lo send you an answer, 
being perpleit wilh neveral infirmityes. That w*^ 1 can say tu yon now 
apon that matter is, that my father bcinp boo acare you the best rusoln- 
tion you can take ia to be soly guided by bim, and if it fall out that jou 
goe into England I duo n^Jt Jtiubt hut you will have boqio cDUsiitt;iBljonH 
of the stroighw I am very anljecl to Huff<>r, for aa my condition may bo 
yet u£«fnl to yon^ if it pleaao God I rotover my healtb and etTongtb, floo 
I fihall b<5 vory unbdpcfnl to my flclfe if I continue infiruio and decrcpid 
as 1 am ; ujid (Jieii I uiny jiistJy pretend to some i>ffuln of that (-rttatfi to 
which I am made soo great a stranger ; for bclecve me, broth<!r, th« pay 



* Ihli, p. low. 



2 



lUO 



iLGriLisi GourosiTioNS m busses. 



Iiere ia verj mucli shortned to me of late. I aia not Me to wfiIq mucli, 
nor hftve nny tiling more lo Bfiy to joa by lliis ; hut tlmt in wbnt cfniHi- 
tLOn 9oeYor 1 am jou shall h&ra tho bi^t ctfocta 1 ecu givo joti of mjr 
bciag. 

YoQT mont affedjoaate brother and 

bumMe eorvant, 

OEOHGE GORING. 

If it wsrd nweeeary for mo to ^omo to Lonilon to B&xe Bt^mcthui^ cut 
cf tUesu rillatis LalJa^ HipAlL7 and Bulls, I ma.y cbutco to conie veil 
proYidcJ for that ond. 

(Addrefidp'l) — For CoUonel Charles Ooringj at Mr. Gibboncs hooso m 
tbi^ Stra&d, ovf^r agaiuet the qott Excbango, at tho ^igno of the 

Tt seems, therefore, that whilst Turn Hipppsley iiml Timothy 
Butts kept ibe sequestrators or Parliamcut awny, the profits 
of the estates Qcver reached tbe owners; and the agenta 
were summoned before the committee to afford information 
as to the niiinors of Danny and Hurat, 

The whole Huhject is made clear by an interesting letter 
from Lord Goring to his son Charles^ writt«a from Aiitvrerp, 
July iJ7, 1G52. 

Chablks," — Two of yonn I bave receiTeJ together, of tlie two hut 

weckee, nnd wrote to you in my }&st, nbout r.hr«e veekt'e since, the which, 
if jou have rcconTcd, jou ncu^lc hoc other an*w«r«. 

Fiist, that my fcoJTi>c« haTo ahead; pa&tfcd oTcr all their Intcregte to 
Kncb as ijow jiOfiflChsii thr iBmkH (as Mr. Riard bcfll kmivr^); but if for 
better fintififaetion of th^ [inrchaj%<.>T to tome Xhere be more rtquirod, ^vbd 
mo bat y"^ forme thereof| dranue by Ur. litci'd, oud I ebuJl suddenly 
BJ^ne thereunto, 

Kiott^ M to j' you most lo(>te after, w* u S000£, resting in Mr. Joitee^ 
hie hands, it balb been 6og loDg aEKigned to Mr. Sbaw, &a I mntt bo 
y" diflhoDCEteet uf men if I revoke it without hip conacnl; to ohlnjim W*" 
I gflTc you Ihe cxpcdittit y' Mr- Jones clears hioi his 74>0" and lake tbo 
Banie ngayne upon lUiiny or T^iirst iriBiimir,^ ^«hii.'h Mr. Bui Ik ran BKKura 
him Tfilbo Tioe danger to him; but to j° contrary y" host way to sect 
nil biH IcAAt-'S by y^jur BcaLing them. 

And lastly, toucbiiijj my Lord CarliBk- [Jumes Hay, Snd Eftrl] and j* 
Yorkahire, y' proposition mufitcoinD from yen on the ]>lace, for what am 
say to it in y^Tnieerable condition 1 am in, ai^d at tbis diatJiiice? 



»T ZStf, p 1004, Mr. Beard meuliotied 
la IJiLb ItfTttr HDfl iVTr. Hiilpb Heard, of 
tbelnnerTfnipifl, KnTiin(oT'al-Jiiw,aiiilof 
Iluj-Bipii^riHfiuI, Ev [Jijirrlttl CiistiLjLiJrn, 
daugliK.-r oJ Jutin WJJtva, uf liLIiciIilIi], in 
FlrtcliUiK. 

^ Lord Goring oliio hwnert property 
io Hlei-nlng fwrii^b ■ anil in UlLubdin^, 
Blatcliia^n. Itodradl, aad llot[1iigitt.aii, 



by lcw» from Lord AbcrgDvcaay, ^orth 
fGfiO a fear, but eilindtd iutn« yuara 
lit^rrtre hy Tkir, Jofiut apc^ii a ilamb? of 
£ )OM»t AihI lis hnc] Mullerry aordoi 
ill m f-l<UL'P£i. Mill] (iotiag Hdubo In. 

WcBlininrleJ', lAii^, p. &JG. His bguse 
Le»« bUB been nollccd in Mr, Figg"' 
Mumuriult ot Old L«wes- Bui& Arc 
Coll., Vol. iill., p, 1:1, 




EICHARU, VISCOUNT LUMLEY, 



101 




Afl for jrmr jomj 
it ^ I for /uu. Your 

tojou; ami tioo Loping yuu to ha much botUir then i"^|i»" TkfmrAtTig 
boofGof — I Qieouo for joar J^^T^JS0 etriagfl, Ect heart btrings — I rest, still 
bkasiog j'DD, aa 

Yoar most aJTectionate, lovina Fatter, 

GOEING. 

S^noe of your fnaoflea hflew derfro to tnow hoT 70TI »to ueod, ami in 
vhat Bccurity jon Iitoh 

The date of Lord Gorinj^'s dealb, hitherto supposed to have 
been 16S3, is flBcertained from a memi^rfiudum endorsed on n 
letter s«jit hj him from Mudrid^ dat<?<l i5r.h April, 1657 (S, 
P, 0-, Foreign correspondr-nce, Fkndars, Vol, Ixxxviii), in 
favor of Mr. William lilimdmg's obtaitiiDg his commission 
for a ship of 24 guoB, The letter is murked — "The last letter 
I ever bad from his Lordship^ who died in July following/' 

RrcnARD ViscouTTT LuMLEY Suffered much in Lis estates, 
bnt was personally well treated by the Parliament, and tlieir 
general. Sir Thomas Fairfax, who, after the fall of Bristol, 
granted hliu the following permit to remain thei'e ; — •• 

Wherofts tlic Lord ViflcouTit Lumley in desirous to refiiJe in BriotoU 
(waiiLmg of b^ullb and »lKre nece^irfiry cooTFuieucGa to march iwaj), I 
dcfe accordiiig^j herohj ^rmunt hie Lcf- my cons«it to fitny, and alsoo 
etrictly commaand you, and tivory of yon, in nco ^viso to projodico nor 
iDoleat hid Lo^ in his omic person, Lia B^rviiiint^, hordes, nor goods ; but 
to pennitt hUn lo livt. qirietly in Rriatoll^ nntill he ehall rpqiiire mj passe 
to goe unto lue owae liomi?, which I doe likewise promisB him. Witncaao 
my httud this 11th day of titiptemberj 1645. 

T. FAIRFAX. 

To all ofliccra and soldicrft under lay ccmmand, and whome else tb«ae 
may conDoruc. 

]n November folbwing Lord Lumlcy sent a petition, 
Tvhicli was received on 24ili of that month, by the coQimittee,*" 
Bhewing, 

That your iinlitiouer is row al Bristoll, and disabloJ from traioU by 
eickncsE, as nmy npoaro lij tlio toatimony of ilob'- Carter; your jiot' lioing 
desirous to take y"^ bentHl of the composiclnn, humbly dpeircs yo* lottora 
to y° cotuitt^es of tiaBfii'x, Durham, Yorki;, and BridloJl, to ccrUfyo 
y" value of bis Bdlute Potitioutr, for y better satisfaction of this cotn- 
millco, will lake j'^ oath and coTen* before y* cotniaBioDere at CHsloU, and 
£La1l dayh pray. 

LUMLEY. 

» n. a P,, 2ad oor^ foI. U, p. fiTC, ^ iW, p, SCO. 



103 



ROYALIST COMPOSITIONS IN BC9SEX- 




Bristol] to rSath antl Swanswicke, fur the better recoverie of 
his health, without lett, hindcrance, or interrupcon,"" by the 
officers or aoldiera in the service of parliament, who were 
'^required to forbeare to prejudice'' him, "either by taking his 
horses, or other goods, or household stuffe," at whatsoever 
place he should rt^sulc. 

He complied with the order for auhscrihing the national 
COTcnant, and obtained the certificate from AVilliam Barton, 
miniBter of John Zcchariea, London, that he " did freely 
and fully take the nationall covenant, and subscribe y' same 
upon the eight and twentieth day of July, 1G4S, the said 
covenant being adminiat'red to hia lo'^ according to order 
hy"''Mr. Batten, 

His Sussex estates consisted of tb€ manor and house of 
Stnnstead, and lands worth yearly £156 (ie. 8d,, copyhold 
rents there and in WalberUm, £4 K^?-. 4d., and free rents, 
5s. ; — of the niancr of Westbourne and lands, worth yearly, 
i;<tri 3s, 5U., copyhold rents, £3^ l£)s, lOd., and free 
renta, £(> 5s. 7d.",— of lands in Billingshnrst, Shorebam, and 
parishes in East Sussex:, worth £34 15s. 8d, per annum; 
— of the manors of Singk-ton and Charlton, Duwuey Park, 
and the chases of Singleton and Charlton, let to Mr. 
Lewknor, worth £44 per annum, copyhold renta, of £^0 
69. 4d, per annum, and free rents, lis, 7d. (but Downey 
Park and the chases of Singleton and Charlton were stated 
to be overgrown with busbes and woods); — jiuJ of q malt- 
house and t<*nement in Chichester, holden of the hospibd 
there, worth £27 per annum. 

Hie debts amounted to £3447 lOs^^ including one of more 
than £1100, for his daughter Julia; and he was allowed to 
compound for his life interest in all his estates in the four 
counties, for £1980. 

The forest and woods^ however, of Stnnstead were omitted 
from the particulars, hein? aUegrd to be only for pleasure 
and of no proHt, the deer and coneys being almost all 

«i IHd. p. 674. a Jbid, p. SS8. 



£1CHABD, VISCOUNT LUMLET, 



103 



dpstroyed^ nnd the herbage belonging to the tenante; and he 
LeiJ lost the patronage to the parsonagea of Wcatbourne, 
StorriQgton, Kirdfori, and Singleton, 

The connection of the Luinley fiitnily ivith Snssox, after 
the death of John Lord Lumley (the last male heir of that 
branch of the Lords Luinley, who wits buried at Cheiuu),'^ 
has not been clearly stated, nor htive the part'njidars of 
the marriages, &c., been fully recorded by Edmonson or 
other heraldic writers. 

The royalist Richard Lumley was a descendant of the same 
family us the LorJs Lumley, ami succeedeil to Stanstead aa 
■well aa estates in other counties. Hrs first mfe waa Frances, 
daughter of Henry Shelley, of Warrainghurst, by whom be 
had one daughter, Julia, and one eon, John, ancestor of the 
Lords Scarborough; these resided at Stanstead till the middle 
of the last ct-ntury. Richard was an Irish peer, being 
Viscount Lnniley, of Waterford. Ilia second marriage, not 
recorded in print, was to Elizabeth, widow of Sir WUliaia 
Sandys, second daughter and co-liGir of Sir Wm. CornwalHs, 
Her grandmother was Lucy, daughter of John Seville Lord 
Latimur. The tldi^t sister of Lady Coniwallis married Sir 
John Danvers, and their son Henry, the founder ofthe 
botanic garden at Oxford, was created Earl of Uanby. He, 
being first cousin to LaJy Lumley, bad a charge of £1200 
on the Stanstead estate. Tiie will of Bichard Viscount 
Lnmley was proved" in 1662*3, and bis second wife's^ on 
29th June, 1G59- 

Viscount Lumley and his son John presented a petition to 
the committee for compounding, stating that they are seized 
in fee of and " in the soyle of Stansted Forest and Warren ; 
but in respect the herbage is belonging to your pet" the 



" 8m aiWTcy Arch. Coll., vol. 3. p, 

** E<5ff , Jqxou, 37- 

V Ui^g., PhI, 3r,G. She died without 
ohlldren. as ap|ieaw hy the dflr»nition 
[a C P,. 2 aer.. vol 14, M. 8821 ejiwIq 
on tlio IHh A'l^ist. I04C, hj IlichanJ 
Bamda, who nud acrwnt to Sjr Wlllmm 
BuidH (th« LnHy ViKomite^B LunilL^y e 
formsr huitinri'l) lor tliA upruw of 
ttjfrtnn yiaatu iK^fon* hJn iIlxmilnj urid 
VM LiiU'-aO a servuit to bur LndyaUit 



all Iha time uf hi.-r rrljowhood; and 
bill olao BCTTcd tlif! LoM Vi^ot. Lunilcy 
ever vnca bit Tntt-rtiinrrtogE- niLli hii 
ooid Lifl/ {ftbont nlit«en yaarf, thvji 
|hut) t Qii'l hotA^iinnd thai hBr Liulynhiif 
kviuUmiL QJxLj jnrHof h^ oiid utiWArdH, 
uQi) never had anjr livnic Vj ^ir WiUiam 
l^Swi'liM nor the L*t * VikL Liimlgy siiico 
h&(Bariicwj tHurnTne thpir wr^'iut ^ nor 
hibl lie Dvurhcfird thnlhAT [jiii1yiihl|i hvl 
aaj UiUQ of her body bsConj bu time. 



104 



ROIALISI COMPOSITIONS Uf SUSSEX. 



tenants, and others mlirvbitantea ailjacentt hog raliie was sett 
upon the some in tlieir pertiotiler. Nowc for tliat yo' pet" 
have sotne wooiti growing upon the said fi>rest, to serve for 
fuell and reparacioas for the dwelling house there. Ttiur 
pet" humbly priiy that thej may be adtnitteJ to sett a valui^ 
upon tin? same, tlint &o^. the sccjnestracion thereof may Ije 
discharged on payment of their fine for the snme/'''* 

Which petition was, on let October, lG-16, referred to the 
fiab-comraitlee to lake the value, and to put a fine upon h, 

JonN LuHLETf, the son, prayed to compound for his rever- 
sion inhis father's estates^ at the same time as Lord Lamley; 
availing himself of the conditions under which Winchester 
Caatic had been surrendered, on Gth November, 1645; and 
the line for his reversion was fixed at £1800. He married 
Mary, daughter and ultimately one of the heirs of Sir Henry 
Cornptfjn, of Drambletye, K.B., youngest sou of Henry 
Lord Conipton,^' jincest^r to the Emi of Northampton, and 
of the Sussex Cavendishes. 

Sir Jor:^ Morley had a protection order, signed 
by Sir Wm. Waller,^* on 11th January, 1G42-3, specifying 
that his house in the South Street (Chichester), hud beeu 
searched for arms, &c., and enjoining '*that no person do 
presume to ent4?r therein, for search, &c., or plnnrier the 
[diite, goorls, or eflects" of Sir John, Dame Katlierine, hia 
mother,"' Dame Mary, his wife,*^ his children, or servants^ he 
'* having largely contributed to the service of the king and 
parliament, aud standing well affected to them both." 

On loth April, 1643, the sergeant at anns was ordered 
to discharge him from further attendance on the committee 
of the House of Commons for examinations " 

On 2nd July, 1644, William Cawley and four others of 
the committee at Chichester, addressed the committee for 
seciuestrations,*' setting forth that, having received an order 
from the House of CommonSj for the sequestration of Sir 



" R, C. P„ 1! 8«r., TOl. 14 p. 870. 

^ Hia aoD Hi^ury, who \s laiulJ^L fn 
£Juy<l'a Mi-uiuireFi, ii. Att^^ fiillllia duisl 
with LvMiJ Chauil^.uf Uiiilnlt^y. 

M R. G. K, latwr.i vol, *3, ^. 117. 



Af Dnughturandon-hefrsiAof Sip Wm 

*^ DiiUj:litor find hetroiia or William 
Sfaitli, Lif niii<EtrUjR, 
'^ It- a P., UiKr., vol, 13, p. iiy, 
u Jbid, (!» \25. 





6^ J /it /^^ /o-^^ 




SIRS J MORLHY, W» POttDB, T< LDNSFORD. 



105 



JoIiTi Morley, Kt., who was in actual war against the parlia- 
ment, with the late High SUcriff of Susses, at Chichester; 
(Sir E'lw, Ford) aocoptring ft commission from the king f»r 
musterLQg the trained band in thnt city, and being an actiVG 
agent ill tlie rebellion, they did sequester his estate accortling)/; 
and they furdier state that Sir John was very earnest for his 
certificate, having taken the covenant and acknowledgei his 
errors. 

Str Wit.t,iam FordFj of Harting, who had married Anna, 
daughter of Sir Edmund Carrill, of West Ilnrtirig, knight, 
was another of the royalists captured at Chichester; and ou 
24tU October, 1645;'^ being aged and sickly," he petitioned^ 
for the enjoyiueut of hia estatt\ shewing that he was at Chi- 



»njoy 
with 



Chester, with his eldest son^ Edward Ford (whom the hin^ 
had made High Sherifi'of Susses), whence he was carried 
away prisoner, with his son, to London House; and during 
the lime of his incarceration he wi^ote divers letters, en- 
closing petititms to various raemhers of the House of Com- 
mons, but could get none to be rend therein. Ten months 
having thipaed be svas exchanged. He then moved the 
Earl of Essex to grant him a pass to go to Hurting to abide 
on his own liinJ, which was refused; so he was forced, about 
two years since, to go to the King's quarters, liis land being 
sequestered, hia personal estate taken away, and hia mansion 
spoiled. Being at Winchester when Sir Ralph Hopton 
marched into Sussex, he went with him to endeavour to get 
rent of b!s teuants, but without success; and he was at 
Winchester when it- was taken by Cromwell, wlio gave him 
a free piiss. He denied having contributed money or men 
against the parliament, but now aubniitted himself, and 
prayed the enjoyment oif his estate, which he obtained. 

BiR ThosiasLunsfOrd (the dreaded ^* child destroyer '*'*) 
■was captured at Edgchill, and was, on 22niJ January, I(J45-fi 
ordered by the Commons to be committed to the Tower of 
London for high treason, for levying wnr against the par- 
liament. Kcitwithstiiifdiug his marriiige with Katherine, 
dftughtcr of Sir Henry Nevill, of Billingbere, Ikrka, his for- 



u Jbi4, ToL 25, p. »4a « See g. A. 0., vol, T, p. SO. 



1D6 



LOYALIST COMPOSITIOJra IN SU33EX. 



time seoms to have been at a very low ebb.*^ la January^ 
l*333-4jlie remained in prison, in the Fleet, bel^fluse he cuiil J 
not raise £2,000 security, to keep the peace towiirda his 
neighbour, Sir Thomas Pelham- Soon afler his committal 
(in 1Ij4<>) he petitioueJ to compound for bis estates, ia these 
terms: — *" 

Thnt vonr potitioner," bj re*son of liis rostraint, huricg this only 
luyaaufl left to repTCsent hia liuini)lc tlceirca to aubjuitt bimaoir lo y^ Par- 
liament, atiit ]ay hoM tif j" TaTour of 7* onliuauce of l"ar]Jamont, to com- 
yotnid Lin Ji?linqin'.iicj for beiii^ hi amiGS : 

HutDhly jrrajeth he aiAj bej?, b; himself or friBuds. tberGunto idraitted. 
Anil to ho ploa^ad to diract yoat lottor to j' cooilttco of StiBHcsc^ to ccr- 
tcific a particular cf jour iietilioner'e eatate, aad bon it Ktanils, whcrcbj 
lu' mny^ prfl*ic'('iit« ]ii^ composicon lo elTei:t, 

And he appends the following details: — 



^ 



I hnrc Doe ]»er^ouall GF^tnte, but nm aiKcli iiiikbtfid. 

l^fy roaW &4latx- U th<> Mcnnor of Lini^forJ, nad th« kiitU thi^reunM 
bdungiu^'T ^JJ"^ '■> Ei^])ingb&mi i» SusECXf of tlic yoarlio value of £xt}^ 
mid a moABUJ^gt culltd Wr1i^lj> and divora laitdf^ tbcrciiiit^ bdonf^ia^, iii 
East Htxleljt 111 tbe said cuuutj, of tlje jcarelio Tulut of £20Q, btfin^ now 
in extent for flGv«ral] di>btGs, And the proUtt tber^of riEken for Lb^ Bfluie, 
Biiil Lho eamo aleo BC<]ui»^trod, eoctbnt L b^vs iLotbiiig to livo oa. 

On 30th Aprils 1646, a letter was written by the com- 
mittee to certify when he had taken the oath and covenaat- 
Ile did not complete his composition till 10th May^ 1049, 
ivlien he made a further representation^ showing : — 

His delinqnenoj*^ — ^' thnt be w%s in arms ag^nst the parliament/' ^1 

Ho petitioned hero j' 30tli of Aprill^ lti4fi, being tbon a priaouer of 
warr, in the Tcwcr of Loodun, 

He compoundfi ujtuu a jiarticular (Hivi'rprl in mub-r hJH linnds, by wliieli 
he d<itb evLbm^ittto tucb tine. Sic, and by wbiL-h it doth appQare 

That, bj virtue of dconvcywico mado by bim upou hia mflrrio^, 27tU 
Way, Ifi Unroli (IGdOj, he is e^iaed of n. Fraucku ttntmtut titr bis life; 
romairder of part to Daine Kafb^rinu bis wife for her life ; rem' of tbe 
rest, and of tbe jointure after her dweaflc, to the 1, 2, 3, and every of 
ihi?ir« emiTic^a in tuyl*>, -witb other rcmaiader ir taylo ; rum* in fee to hia 
ri^bt bi^irufi of anil lq tbe Mciiinor of LuiLcfurd Hud a capita]! ineti<«nage, 
calJed Wileigh and lands in East bodlej, in ibc RniJ tonniy of Sussi-Tt, of 
tbe yearly value before the wurrft, £^^1*-" 



« Hisgnmdfttlher, Sir Jobn, in nnmed 
BB fL JkiriLT ol HiVirint^^ In [lie oharler of 
158^; nnd hii^ futhirr, Tbumiit, wlu tu- 
turjiinl !□ t^biptukc nuadred for non- 



aitcn'tniiGe at tbe r-oronnCon of CharlM 
I. -ee .S A- 0.. Vol XVI , p 4fl. 

" It tX P,» a aer,» vul. 37^ li. flU3. 

^ JbiJ.p.tfGl. 




d 



DR. nESSHAWE — H BY33E0r. 



107 



Out of which lio crave*! several ftllovrances, find his fine 
was sGt tit £300, or oae-sixtU of the full vulue of his estates, 

Joseph Henshawe,D,D,, prel>enilnry of Hurst, afterwards 
Dean of Chichester, and in 1(1C3, Bishop of Petcrboioiigli,'^ 
iras declared a delinquent on forsiiking his habitation in 
Susses, and going to rosidc iu Exeter when that town was 
delivered up to the parliament. In June, 1G4G, he desired 
tu compound iifttir a Usnth uf liis estate, and exhibited his 
particulai"3j stating that there was to coTiie to him, two years 
*^ hence/* a frank tenement for three Uvea, in a farm and 
lands lying in Aborne (Albourne) iind Sidlcshom, co. Sussex, 
held of the prebend of Iliirst, in Chichester, by the yearly 
rent of £16 13s. 4d., and worth, before the war, above the 
rent reserved, £100; and further stating that he had a per- 
sonal estate in goods of £900, taken from liim by the ae- 
qUGStrntors, On 27th June, 1G4(), he was allowed to ootn- 
pound for a fine of £150, The reversion having fallen in, 
the doctor, on Slat May, 164D, presented a fiirtlier petiMon, 
mentioning that his former composition,'^ 13th November, 
l^A^, on the articles of Exclcr, at a tenth, amounted to 
£150f and that he now desired to add to bis est:tto in Abcrne 
and Sydlesham, formerly valued at £100 per ann,, £18 per 
ann, more. 

On 15th July, 1849, the petition was reported on^ and the 
further composition allowed, 

IIenrt ELsnoPP, of Hcnfield, gent, third son of Sir Thomas 
Bysshop, of Parham, being in arms against the parliament, 
resolved to desert the King's service,^* And nhout January, 
lli44, being quartered at Mr, Xctherway's^ a brewer, in 
Brbtol (but then resident in London), he procured a pass for 
Ncthervray'a wife (one well affected to the parliament) to 
come to London to her husbnnd, that she should by lier means 
eifeet bis peac:e with tie pailiament ii\nl return withtTi a 
fortnight. She, however, did not return or send to Mr. 
Bbhopp. He, therefore, determined to abandon the King's 
party, took the opportunity of a ship l>ouud for Virginia, 
and settled upon his plantation there until he came over with 

*• iWd, vol an, p. 8flT— AGO. •/**J, Ph ftOl-SCa " JftiJJrtW., vol. 9, p. HIS 

r is 



lOS 



BOYALIST COMPOSITIONS IS SUSSEX. 



a letter from the Council of that country, directed to tlie 
Spcnker of the House of Commons* After that he took the 
National Coveniint, &c-^ und therGupon he, on Isl October, 
1646, prayed tu he udmitttd to composition. 

In the particular of hia Estate/' dated 19th Nov., 1646, 
he stated^^ that he was tenant for Hfe with remniuder to his 
heirs males, and remainder to tie right h(?irs of Sir Edward 
Bishoppe, in certain tenements called Holland, Cateslanda, 
and Rye, nil lying in the parish of llentield, cf th(! ytarlj 
Vttlue of £59, which were settled hy an award dated 
24tL February, 1629 ; that he was also seized of a frank 
tenement for three lives of the great tithes of Ilen&eld, with 
the parsonage house and glebe lands, and a parcul of land 
called the Park, and anotlier called the Barrow, also in lien- 
field, hy virtue of leases from Saml. Haranett, liishop of 
Chichester, worth annually <£230 ; and furtlicr that he 
was seized, in right of his wife, for life — remainder to Sir 
Thomas Fowler^^ and his heirs, — of niessuafres, &c., iii the 
parish of Islington, co. Middlesex, worth p. ann> «£9(>0, and 
possessed chattels worth £&0. 

JonN MiDDLETON, of HaufrhtOH, geut,, was, by the Com- 
mittee cf the Kape tif Brnmber, sequestered in July, 1G48, 
upon proof of his being engaged at liorsham" and elsewhere 
Against the parliament, and made composition ; £800 being 
imposed upon him, to be paid in two instalments. 

John Stalman, of Steyuinge, Susses, the Clerk to the 
Commissioners, gentleman, " afterwards deposed that they 
had received out of Baybush and Shelley and other lands se- 
questered, formerly the estate of Thomas Middleton, Esq., his 
father, in i-cady money, £387; and that they let the estate 
of the said Middleton at the rent of £488 lOs- Od- per 
annum, afUir the death of the father. There is also an in- 
ventory of the real and personal estate of John Middleton, 



I 
I 



u Cortmoata (signed by WLTIinm 
bflrtoQ, AlinlEter uf John ZActiUc'iKi, 
LondoTk) that the iniil Henry BlflUufi, of 
BcqG'^IJ) did lake the JJadoaU 



bar^ uid other tuidH in lAlIflfftoQ, See 
XoIhou'b Uist of St. M^ry, latmgt'Xi. 

*■ Rtfport en ISDeo.. HH ft, from Com- 
matee for AtMjneHtralioui hI Lawqa. 

« Jfi-J, p. otiS, 



JOHN MIDDLETON. 



109 



It consisted cjP his stock at Hangleton, and one chamber fur- 
nished at Horebam. 

All his lands in Horsham and Warnflham belonging to 
Hills, lutein the possession of his father, Thomzis Middleton, 
£300 p. an. 

The reverBion of tho disported lands of Bewbush ond Shel- 
loy, in the parish of Heeding, which paid nnnuEilly £113 to the 
King, worth £400 p, fliu; amd he was tngMgi?dfor£5000. In 
a petition" of John Middleton, gent., he seta forth an inden- 
ture made 2Uth August, iG Car. I [1640] between Thomas 
Middlcton, of Horsham, co. Sussex, of the first part; John 
Middleton,biasoa and heir^ofthe second part; and Sir Thomus 
tvmthwt'H, of R/itterseii, CO, Surrey^ Knt., Eliatb. Southwell, 
his daughter, and Sir Edward Radney, of Hlton, co, Somer- 
set, Knt., of the third purt (b<.'ing tbc marriage settlement 
of John Middlyton ^nJ Elizabetb Southwell, who had £3000 
to her portion )» settling various messuages and lands 
in the pari^ihes of tlorsliHiii and Warnehiim, for lier jointure 
with certain other covennnts, *ic, ; but the lands were [eased 
to the father to pay £400 per annum to bis son ] and the 
petition further states that John Jliddlecon was sequestered 
about Jnly, l(J4fi, and upon payment of compositioo wasdls' 
charged^ but did not enjoy the benefit thereof as the lands in 
question were sequestered for his father's delinquency. 

In the meantime his brother-in-law, Bray Chowne," mer- 
chant, had, on 2Sth August, 1^50, addressed to the Com- 
missioners for composition a petition^' "showing that about 
three years since he married Anne, one of the daughters of 
Tbomaa Middlcton, of Horsham, co. Susses, whereupon T. 
M., to secure £600, part of his marriage portion, mortgaged, 
for 1000 years^ to petitioner (by lease dated July, 1 647} the 
miLUor of Prest wood and a wood called Langhorst wood, &c-, 
no portion of tlie redemption being yet received. The said 
Thomas M- was then and after a sitting member of the House 
of Commons, &c,, but his deliiiquencyhad not yet been proved,*' 
and Chowne prayed Che Cr»m miss loners' <Ureetion bereiuj and 
that, he might not be obstructed in possession, 

"* Jhfd. p, 677. 
fl' Jhid, p. 6S7- 
*- J^A»oLH,p, 675, 



» Son of Tliomft* Cho*rae^ of Frog- 
Eirl«. Alfriaton, and of UaqIibJ, Bislat uf 
bit WiHt L-'unpiou, Kat, 



no 



ROrALIST COMPOSITIONS* IN 8U6SES. 



On the 28th Sept^imber, 1643, the Commons ordered tlte 
estates of Sir George Strode, of Squerries, in the county 
of Kent^ koiglit, to be seized, and Mr. Blackiston yvaa 
authorised to sell them-*" In additicm to his Kontish 
estates, he was seized of an estate"^ in the manors of 
'^Itchingliam" and Salehiirst, in Sussex, of the annual value 
of £430 ICs. lOd. 

And also of the Manor of Bowlcy, and Downeaah, and other 
lands in this county, of the annual value of £485 10e.> snh- 
jeot to an annuit/ of £100 per annum to John Nutt, 
of Et^rwick, prtv:iljle out of Bowley and Dowueash, for his 
life, and Anne, his wife, granted by deed, dated 14tb No- 
vember, 1635, 

Sir George Strode was buried at Etchingham, and his 
helmet, crest, and pennon were still in the situth aisle of the 
nave^ when the ehuirli was vislttd hy the Sussex Arch, 
Society in 185(}, before the " i-estoration." 

Etchingham had been purchased of the Tyrwhitta, one of 
whom (Sir Kobert) had married Elizabeth, the heiress of the 
Osenbridges, who hod inherited from the Eehinghams (see 
Pedigree S. A. Gill. VoL vi'ii., p. 230)- It remained in the 
Strode family for some time. In 1684, Sir George Strode, Knt., 
left an only son, Lytton I-ytton. His widow married Charlt^s 
Selby, and be, as her administrator, took the case of Selby v. 
Lytton and others rehLtive to these estates, to the Ifouse of 
Lords, where it was heard, in 1724; and the estates were 
then sold. 

William Lord Craven, whose house was at Boreham, 
succeeded to the estates of John Lord Craven, and en 7th 
May, HJ51 (after the serpieslration of these estates), Henry 
Thurnham, son of the Kev, Edward Thurnham, of All 
Eallowes the Less, London; and Adam Littleton, students of 
the university of Osford"/" and Robert Sawyer [Magd,] and 
Arthur Stanhope, [Trin, Hall] Cambridge, presented a 
petition, shewing that John Loi^ Craven, deceased, by bis 
will devised the manor of Cancerne, near Chichester, to 
Kicbard Sfenccr, Esq,, and his heirs, for cvcFt in trust for 



I 



*> U. 0. r., 2 nr., tdL ao.p. S33< 



"■ Hid, iBt ur,, vdI. fl^j p. 40^— 4<i6. 



WtLlIAM, LOnO CRAVEN. 



HI 



payment of £100 per ann., to nxiiinUia four scholars, two in 
eacii university, tim remaimlizr to be devoted to redemption 
of captives from Algiers; the said manor being conveyed by 
the said Spencer to William Lord (Jravcu, and hU heirs, 
upon the same trust was sequestered as the proper estate of 
the said Lord Craven- 

The petitioners having no other means of subsistence, 
prayed that the sequestration might be discharged." 

On 21st Oct., lti5l,arcport was made upon the potitioiV^ 
setting forth that Jobn Lord Craven, Baron of Ityson, by 
will dated 28th May, 1647^ gave to his executor all his htnda 
in CansernCj*^ to raise the sum of £100 annually, for the 
maintenance of four poor scholars, preference to be given to 
any of his name or kindred, to ceoae atW fourteen years' en- 
joyment, or the aci|uir<!mentef preferment of a double valuft; 
tlie remainder of the revenue yearly raised of such lands to 
be bestowed in the redemption of English captives in Algiers, 
to be disposed of by the Lord Mayor and Recorder of London, 
and the master of Sutton's Hospital. The executor (Uichard 
Spencer) renounced 26th Tebniary, 1647-8, and administra- 
tion was granted to William Lord Craven. The scholars have 
produced the several instruments of their election. 

The number of scholarships in each university lias been 
increased to fiix, and the stipend raised to £80 each ; tlie 
term of enjoyment being reduced- 

Among those who have heUl the Cambridge seholarshlps 
hnve been^in 177^, Sir Vicary Gibbs, afterwards Chief Just: 
Common Pleas; in ITBiJ, John Gcodall, afterwards Provost 
of Eton; in IJi^l, T. B- (afterwards Lord) Mucauhvy; and in 
1827, T, prince Lee, now Bishop of Manchester, 

Of the estates of Lord Craven sold, Mr. Wm, Cawley, 
the parliament's supporter of Cliicheater, on 8th December, 
1G5^, purchased the Manor ol Wai'tliug/^ and on 11th May, 



"* Thn CommliiJouera oertifled Ui&t 
thtr estate hod not Ikvd pequvjftervf full 
tin montha, and upon entry thcj fouacl 
itii- Enimor iii Ibo pirdi^'MJub of the iiiitlcr- 
(ffinnUol the hjlIiI WilUam Lord Craven. 

•"Tbt^ywere then aoKIi abnut £S€0 

<« Ibid vo], IS, p. ^H3- This m&nar 
betongod, lo Sir ({[choliia Garew, Knight, 



nni wfti IbrTuiUH] on hit HLlainrier* intap. 
Etftiry VUL On «lat April, 1^43, 
Jvufti Gbgc rcjua^tud to bcKoaiO, tuiti 
diJ IracuQit*, tfiT* |jurctuu«r {Jnr^Htfir^ In 
Avffitfnrariost if^rf). II mbiaqiienrly 
pn^aLt] 1^ [hfl L'ravonB, whwa cjonniw- 
liun wilL &U&MX liAfi boot very liLllo 
uoltDsd. They imrtod vrith tliulr t^uaBta 

eropcrty Bbout I7C5 Lord AcbljuruhAm 
iiylng Wartlln^, aod Sir Joha Sholltj 



lis 




ROYALIST COMPOSITIONS IS SUSSEX, 



lfi54, Edward Tooke, Esq., purchased the Manor of Falmcr, 
and Kicliord 8cutt^ ptirchaacJ, oa tjth Miirch, 1650, the fee 
farm rent of £51 lis. 5d> per ann., piiyuble by Lord Craven, 
issuing out of the hundred of Aldwick^^ and the Manor 
"North BHrsted/' puree! of the ilousii of Petworth. . 

Ofi the return of Charles II., Lord (Jraven'a estates w< 
restored to hitn, and he was created Earl Craven. 

Henky Pahkek was summoned to parHiiment^ lSi4 
163&, U!i Henry Parker, o( Morley and Muiiteagli;. lie had 
married PhilHppa, daughter and co-heireaa of Sir Tliomas 
Cari'ill, Knt, of Harting, and having been imprisoned in 
the Upper Bench, his mtVG estute at West Grinstead was 
seized for his recusancy. On 27th September, 1650, she 
petitioned/'* shewing that two parts of her estate had ]>eeii 
und still were sequestered for her recnaancy; that hitherto 
she had been permitted to enjoy the other third part, but now 
it was st<)p(5ed hy some order, and the commissioners would not 
let her tenants enjoy the estates as heretofore, notwithstand- 
ing lliey were willing to pay two thirds of tlieir rents to the use 
of the state ; and she prayed that she might enjoy her mansion 
house and her said third part, and that the tenants, paying 
their rents as formerly, nnghi enjoy their respective estates, 
lest the inheritance should he prejudiced. By a memoran- 
dum, duted 27th September, her thirds were allowed, and 
also the use of the inanition house. 

Still tliere was some trouble " and Dame Phillipa Morley 
and her mother, Dame Marie Carrill, widow/' joined in an- 
other petition, stitting that hoth their estates at '* West Green- 
stede" were sequestered for their recusancy, and yet the com- 
missioners for Sussex did let their said estates to several tenants 
for seven years, not aUotting to the petitioners their thirds, 
nor restraining the tenants from felling of timber, &c, j 
several of the said tenants had cut down tiniljCTj plotigljed 



*B Ibiif, vol BR, p. 35. 

* Afipr \hP ilUvi]iii\f\T\ itf iiwiiiL^tvnQs 
tlu mHnor had been uTTOitA^t] LjjmrJtilm 
Dhki^r niLiI Tliuuiu Ektik\Jllo. Tbv 
)atttir ollatncil a MccDse of ali^DatjOQ^ 
tni ci>nT£;ed hiti Tighl on loth JuI/h 
1 i»ttOj It} John UiTigU-y. The only IcnowD 
aiiloyraph of LonI BuckLurab, btfure 




bo BiKiecoJrd lo h\e iltlH. Li to thk oaa- 

in the Eiro preflti^cl io tho ting&\y af 
GurbuJuUn tiilttcdby riu^ la 1^47 Tur ths 

^<i E. C, P., l6C«r., Tol. iB» p. eS. 

^ l>Biieh(crof Sif JobnTuflrik. H*rt, 



4 



LOED MOELET— THE GA0E3- 



113 



up paBtiire, ond comraitted other waste -very destructive to 
thi* petltianiins' iiiferests; and tliey priiyed tlmt they rQip;ht 
have tlieir third:?, and be tenants for seven years to the other 
two parts tr> preserve their property from niin; and on 2 1st 
June, 1G51, an order was inscribed nllowing the thirds. 

Iftinie Phihppii does not appear to have been a very caira 
Lidy, or a very desirable hindUdy, for John Yoiiiige, of 
''West Greens ted e/^ luldre^^ed the commissioners^^ declaring 
that " Iwing tenant ia lands called tlie Place Lauds, in West 
Greenstedc, sequestered for the recusancy of the Lady Morley, 
he contracted to hold the same for aevan years, from the 
26th September, 1650, and that aft^r the contract was made 
the commisaiouers ordered thiit the rent of the said lands 
should be paid unto the said bidy in portion of her third 
part;" he then alleges that Lady Morley'a malice had caused 
Ilia ^ates to be broken, hia cattle impounded, his underwood 
cut down and curried away, and that she annoye*! bim with 
snits at hiw; and be piayed that snoh Icg^il proceedings 
Liight be stayed, and his contract confirmL-d, having expen- 
ded a large sum upon the improvement of the lands there; 
that the lady mi^^lit have other land assigned her for her 
thirds in lieu of his; and ^* that he be n"Jt a prey to her in- 
veterHte tyranny.'' 

By an order of 29th July, 1G51, a fifth of her 
hushand's estate was granted to Dtirae Philippa, and at her 
desire, by an ordur of (Jth August, payment of this further 
nllowance was stopped/* until Tlioinas Parker (son of Lord 
Morley) should be put in some way for his eibic^tion and 
maintenance. lie was, however, an infant, and, unable to 
manage the proportion allowed to hiiQ» and his mother, on 
12th November, lli51, obtaincil an order that Daniel 
Bliigrave, Esq., M.P , should have the custody and tuition 
of her son, and receive the proportion granted to him- 

William Gaqb, of Frumfield* by deed dated April 13th, 
1642, convcyerl his estates to Robert Pickering, gent,, and 
others, as trustees for piiymentof debts'* and raising £4000 
Bs portions for obildren, &o., out of lands in Sussex, Kent, 
"Wilts, and Nor thaiiip toil. By rickering s account it appears 



I' ibif, p 75. '* fkid, p. eft. 



" /ftiV, Toi 27. p, mir— iftsi. 



lU 



ROYALIST COMPOSITIONS IN aUSSES. 



thiLt the gross toUl of monies rt^ceived out of tlie rents ami 
profits oi the Isinds in Sussex (being Seluilstoii, FrnmfieUl, ^i 
Horsted, aud Haylsliam), due at Lady-day, 1647, were ^M 
£635 8s,, with £50 additional for iroods sold upon the ^* 
lands. The names of the tcnuute arc given, their rentals, 
and the deductions allowed out of tbcir rents, for taxes aud 
seizures, which lust amount to £171 lis. 5d. 

Amongst monies disbursed is L>ne entry cf £100 to Mrs. 
Elizaheth Barber for the maintenance of Mr, Gage's two 
daughtci-s. The names of the tenants in Sussex are Offing- 
ton Elphicke, Henry Neavc, Wm. Lusher, Thomas Wuternian, 
John Vine, John Pnrris, Wra. Archer, Edward Calverley, 
Thomas Wood, Riehd. Furly, and Joseph Sherwood, 

On I9tli August, lfi4(l, one-fifth part of Mr. Gage's 
efltatcs was allowed to her for the maintenance of herself and 
the chikiren.'" and on 11th Octoher, Hi49, an order had beca 
made by the Committee of Sequestra lions^"' upon the motion 
of Mr, FoAvIe, in )>ehalf of tbe two children of William Gage, 
Es(|,, then lying ill and weak, and "being in a coarse of 
phisicke," wanting clothes tind necessaries^ as appeared by 
letters of Mrs, Elizabeth Barber, under whose tuition they 
then wci'e, that the tenants of Mr. Gage's rents should pay 
£30 towards the maintenance of the same children ; and 
th(?Te are two more orders to the like e[Tect, respectively 
dated titb December, lG4y, and 14th Jany., l(i49-50, ftir 
further puynienta of £S0 and £1U. 

When the onlinance for the sale of the recusants' estates 
was under consideration Mr. Wm, Gage presented his peti- 
tion»™ showing that, being a recusant, and in arms for the 
late King, he was excepted fi\>m composition and iiis estFitta 
was now proposed to be sold by the parliament ; that there- 
upon he addressed the purliHiment, and proving himself a 
person included within the articles made by the late Lord 
General Fairfax^ at Trnro, the parliament were pleased to 
order that his name and estate should be left out of the bill 
for the sale of estati^s; and he thereupon prayed to be admitted 
to a composition act'oriling to the true meaning of the said 
articles; and on 2nd July, 1C51, the Commissioners decided 



TnE GAG£$. 



US 



tliattliey couM do nothing without order from the purlia- 
meiiL TliG req»*?st Wiia however complied with, aud Mr. Guge 
having died, Augustus Rel^n and Wm. Xevill, Esijuirus, tlie 
trQ3t(^es for his infant son imd heir, Tlioinaa Gage, addressed 
K* theCoiiimitteo for managifig csUitcs under seciuestration 
their petition,'* shewing thnt having duly satisfied the fines to 
the common wesilth, and tfie estiitea having besn discliarged 
trom sequestration, &c., tlie petitioners ought to receive tiie 
profits of the estates ; but one Latimer Sampson having, 
since Mr. Gage's applicfttion to compound, obtained a Icuac 
from the committee of tbe estate, refusfld to deliver possession; 
an onler was therefore prayed to direct Latimer Sanipson to 
show eaiise why the lease ougbt not to be vacated; and on 2nd 
January, lfl54, an order was made that tlie said Latimer 
Sampson should appear and show cause. 

The wife of Sir John Gage, of West Firle, the first 
baronet, wlio died in 1633, wa* Penelope, danghter fnid co- 
heir (jf Tlionuis Diircy, Earl Rivers, On 5l.h August, 165.1, 
there is a certihcate*" to tlie effect that she was several 
times convicted cf popish recusancy in Sussex, and also in 
Middlesex J sometimes as thi^ wile of the said Sir John Gage, 
and afterwards as Peuehipe, Ludy-Gagp, widow. She had 
married for a third husband Sir Wm. Harvey, of Icltworth, 
and at the request cf Thomas Tui'ner, gentleman, on behalf 
of Sir Wm. and his wife, the certificate testified that on the 
15th day of June, 1645, she conformed liersclf to the 
Church of England, and it refers to a record in the Court of 
Exchequer ua the evident-e. 

The deposition^' made on 20th September, 1654, by Dame 
Mary Gage,*' widow of Sm TnoMAS Gaoe, the second baronet, 
p^ivos the ages of her children. She had four sons and four 
daughters by him, viz_ : — Tliumaa, eldest son and heir, 
then styled 8ir Tliomas Gage, and set. between 13 and 14j 
John, the second son, under 12; Jlcnry and Joseph, the 
youngest sons, the eldest of whom was under 5; Frances, 



^ ny, p. 903. 

» DnngliTcr ftnd co-hptr of John 
CbbmbvrUiUy of iSbirbourLe C&stlu, 



Oioa.r which hnO buen gallnntly iltfeaj- 
od by hor motUor, Jij^nin^L III^ piirjXEt' 
ra^Dtflry lorcfw. but KfirreDilnrcJ to 
tipnemi FfliriM, lG*rt Jl Wttb pjIJ by 
the (iJi^pa Ui TtiLfiuup Parlwr, Lord 
Cli&QCthcjr, lat EniL of MikcJi^dIiL 

Q i 



Utl 



KOIALJST L'OMl^?ilTlONS Iffl BUSSKX, 



eldest daughter, about 15; Slury, second daughter, ost. 9; 
K*itI»mnCj tct. 7; find Elizidicth, under 5; all ol" wliota were 
tlicn living, and that her hufilmncl died on the 2iid of July, 
1654, at his housecnlled'^rjrle/' and was buried in the churcJi 
of the t^vfji cf rjrle. 

Walter Everendtn, gontlenian^ son of Ji>lin Everenden, of 
Scdlesuombu, * wua guardian of the stcoml son, John Gage, 
whilst an infunt; and the infunt petitioned^ for an alJowanca 
of Ma right to the manara of Hedjrcourt and ^hotstrode," ia 
the counties of Sussex and SoiTey, which full to him liy the 
death of liia father j the estates at Firle going to the eldest son, 

SiK Garrett Kempe's case furuishes a touching inst^mce 
of the vexations tu which the king's friemls were subjected* 
Sir Garrett was eldt'st surviving sou of Anthony Kenipe, who 
had settled nt Slindon, and had married for hts second wife, 
Margfiret, daughter of Sir Edward Gage, of Fti'lc.'" Sir 
Giirrett*s wife waa daughter of Sir John Carryll, of Warn- ^j 
faam. The Gagea and the Carryfis were both n^cusants, and ^H 
Sir Garrett Ticing strongly suspected of being of the same ^^ 
faith, wc find that a certificate" wns sent to the committee 
signed by John Wewknd, of Slindon, toL 60 (his servant); 
Thomas Page, of Wadhiirat, U5t, 65; Richard Scppe, of 
Slindon, let. 48; and William Forder, of Binsted^ set. 37, also 
a servant to Sir Garrett- 

The committee for sequestrations at Chichester, on Slat 
Ocbjber, 1644, alleged^ that in the time cf the rebellion he 
sent two horses to Chichester, with two of his servants, 
armed with pistols and swonlsj who continiied there about 
three weeks, and ro<le backwards and forwards from Chichester 
to SHndon; and further that he was a reputed church 
papistf and bred up all hla ehildi-en papists, and that he 
absented himself from his usual place of abode in the county 
by the space of two years. 



*■ Hee his futhsr'i iioroi]T]ta» 3. A, 

" R C. P„ litt BIT. foL 27» p. eui. 
M For tormw awqltb of ShuVbleLodo, 
in Enet Cirlntt«Dd, a^ it. A C ^ XII , p. 

H Iba flfflt vrifD of Sir Antbonj 
Kempe vfuAaD, oklvntd- nuil co-hdrem. 



In niveTand, who wu demiu!«l fron 
the firud and FiLli^inburfr^, Kfnip(*B 
tliaro ■^aa avid w Uiu Tiulkra in JOTS, 
tco albo Oni'M t'icrtLiid. Fur early 
jiedigroo of iLe Kuiup^ see Ba^ird't 
A>flr, III. p. I7[>, 

»' E.(;P.2ndfier.,70l3U p,£S:i-^VI»£. 

» tb\d. |i. 2h7. 



SUi (^AKOtTT OUrfi, 



U7 



On tlie 31st Auj^iist, 1645, the Chichester coinniittee sent 
up the depositlous'^^ tiiken by theru, 

John N&wl^ad deposed thiit Sir G. K's. "usual residence 
these nine or txsu years ptist has been at the houses of Sir John 
CurroU aod the Lady Shelley, two notorious piipiate. Hath 
seen him often ut church ; never saw Liru receive the S;icni- 
mt^ut- \\. is I'eported that he goes to church to ^ixve IjIs 
lands. The servant who bus waited on hiui these i-t years 
past was and is a pupist. Philip, the eldest son^' of Sir G., 
was bred up a papist by his father, and taarried the Lady 
Webb's daughter,*^ a notorious papist, who was one of them 
upon whom the ehaiulwr in lihick Friars fell. Tlioaias, the 
Second son, was bred a papist in tlie house of Sir JDhn (.Jarreil 
(his grandfather), went after beyond the seas and took up 
arms under the Archduchess, ami married a papist there,'*' 
Garrett, the third son, was placed by bis father with ilr. 
Puwhalti, a notorious Jesuited papist, witb whom he wad five 
or sis yuars. Both of Hir G. K'i diin^hters were with their 
eldest brother, Fhitip, in Loudon, from whence they were scut 
to Ireland and married two Irishmen""""; and then he gives the 
detiulB at length about tlie horses being sent to Chichester. 

PrisclUa W(L>hi'r deposed to huving seen Sir G, K. at 
chnrdi, and al)oiit 30 years ago sjiw hiiu receive tne Sacra- 
ment twice, lie was generally reported a papist. 

Eilmor Bataman made a similar deposition. She saw 
bim receive the Sacrament once, but never since. He spent 
his time at Sir John Carrell's, at ilartlng, and Sir John 
Shelley's, at Michelgrove, two i^apists, 

Wm. Peeter deposed to the siimecficct, and added tUnU being 
churchwarden, he presented two daughters of Sir G. K. and 
one of his sons for papists while they lived witb their fathi?r» 

Jofui Noicdl deposed that be never saw any of Sir G, K.'s 
children go to church. 

In addition to the foregoing are the depositions oJ Witlian; 
Fnmci-t, WUfcant Forder {servimt to Sir G.), and Anne 
Ncwland (wife of John NewlandJ, all cf whom deposed to 



• nui, p.an, 

"* Be diod ib hia fotbcrS aictimo, in 
Sfjit IC4r^, st-llk, 

" Fmridw, d. cE Sir John Webb, of 



*< U*ry. d. of Sir AnLbonr firigg^i of 
" Juno murrioJ PalHck PlBftkittt, bub 



118 



UOVALIST UUMi'OSlllONS IN 8U&BKX. 



pretty much the same facts. Tliia lost said tliab hei Ritlier, 
being niijiisttT of Slinlon, lie, with the churchwarJeD, pre- 
sented Sir G.'s children for uot going to church. 

Aune Mdlish^ snid tfmt when Sheriff Sir Edw. Ford held 
Chichester against the PjirHameiit, she saw two of Sir G 's 
light horses in Chichester town furnished with carabines and 
pistols; and that two of his servants rode them in the service of 
the said Sheriff, they being i:[U»rtered ^t her house, 

Wm, Masters deposed to the same purport ; and 

Sir John Chapman^ Kut., and Peter Bette^worth, Esg^^ 
two (if the committee of Chiciiester, deposed to hia being as* 
Bessed double as a recusant- 

It was further stated ** that some of his sons were in amis 
against the Parliament^ and that one of them was at Arundel 
when it was tuken by Sir William Waller- 

In the ^^ Kntj/difnt'a We^Hi/ J^ost^" No. 2, nnder date of 
1st January, 1U43-4, is a notice of the siege not included in 
Mr. UlaiLUw's account in the 5th volume of Suaa. Ai"ch, Coll: 
" We do not yet he-ar that Anindel Caelle is delivereii up to 
Sir William Waller; Imt Sir William hath made another on- 
set upon it, in which fight Col. Ramsey is slain, whose d(?ath 
is much lamented; but it is believed they cannot held out 
long, A letter from Sir William Waller to the Parliament 
doth certify that he had a very considerable army, and did 
noway stand in need of more forces, for he had sufficient 
already, but rather u enjiply of nmnie.^; nnd that he Lad in- 
tei'ceptfid a messenger which wjis sent from the Castle to the 
Lord Hopton; that except relief came within five days they 
ranst be foi-ced to deliver up the Cnstle, which may very well 
be believed, because they want bread already; the pipee arc 
cut, which straight^^ns their water, and they want hay for 
their cattle; and to kill thera would help them little, becanse 
they have not salt, and they are almost 1 ,000 persons ; so tliat 
in few days more will appear." 

When Sir G, delivered the particulars of hie composition,*" he 
set forth that he adhered to tlie king*s party in the firgl war 



I 



» Fronj ftoolhfiT pupor tE- C. P„ 3 
per,, vul. 3H, foL Slil") it mpptHTR iLal 






SIR OABRKTT KF.MPR. 



119 



GgiUTist the parliament, undpctitioneJ,"^" 10th April, 1*>49, stat- 
ing tlmt he was seized, to ium iind his l^eirs, of tlie manors of 
SlindoD, Houghton, and Binsttuul^ of tlie yearly value of 
£385; — tlie iiiaii(>rs and demesnes of Earthum, Bigntir, and 
Sauthstoke, of the ^inniul value of £21*4 10s, ;- — of BUstoa 
Farm, in the piirisli of Ynpton, ann. value, £55, with rcver- 
Bion, after one life, of £50 per nnn. more; — Jands called the 
Wortli, in Tiingtuere and Aldiugbouriiej ol" th*j annual value 
of £77; — and of nie^suMges, &c>, in Kirdford, of the annuid 
value of £170 13s. 4d.; and he stated that he had lost hia 
deeds and writings by phindor, &c,^ On 29lh May, i(>49j 
the fine affixed was £2,931 10s. 

The mode in which it was discharged U shown by a peti- 
tiipn™ uf John Caiyll» Rs*{., Thn, llarnard, gt^nt., anil -lohn 
Thinner, yeoman, setting forth that two of the petitioners stoi>d 
iKHind with Sir Garrett Eempe for alove £;i,OiX), for pay- 
naent of hte line, &c., of which near £2^000 had heen ali'cady 
pud; that Sir Garrett K. made a lease for twenty-one years, 
to petitioners, of tlie hiuds conijH'arjded for, reserving a rent 
of £300 per ann. ; and thiit, notwi tlistanding ihccom position, the 
eoniniittec of Chichester Kapc had made stay of the rents 
compounded for, on preience that Sir G. was sequestered its a 
pflpiat. The petitioners denied the accusation of hia ever 
having belonged to tfie popish religion^ and alleged tJiut the 
ground of his se^ueatj-ntion was his having two horses at 
Chichester when it waa a garrison for the king; that tlie 
charge of his lieing a papist was nmdc because some of his 
chihlren were in the Komrsh religion, but they had not bet^n 
under his (Garrett's) tuition for many years, the youngest 
being at least forty yeai"s old; und they prayed that the 
former orda's might stand in force. 

On ihe Gth of September, 1G49, John Ncwlandand^Philip 
Kempe, the son and heir apparent of Sir G., were examined 
on Leiialf of the i^titioners,"" 



« Hid. p rjB 

Mnnor of Hi^uglttOD, U't^ii Mnujr ui 
i^alloil Wv. Worlh, in Tun^iuer« uu'J 



Aldlngboma, £77 ; Slnnor* of Earllinm 
itud MQdhurl^ £41 Kh,; Manor i«f 
Jii^ijr, £12.1: Lanilft in Hinlfonl, 
£170 Ufl 4d,; kndllieUjiDorul Eidutli- 
Et<jkv» £100. 

"'o Ibid, p, 2ai-3lM], 



1^ 



K0YAL19T COMPOSITIONS IH SUSSEX. 



Netcland d^\tosed thai he liad been eervniit to Sir G- K. 
furty years, ami tlisit during the Inst twenty jesira lie Imd re- 
cci?tfl liift muster's irntfl, nntl paid all tfixes, &€., and tlmt he 
alvTiiys took Ills TuastiT to be u proto&tant» and never knew 
him rntcd as a pnpist. ifc (N,) could neither write nor 
road, but paid whatever was demanded. He attended his 
master to Sir John Caryll's and Sir John Shelley's houses, 
vlio, whilst tht^re, usuiilly went on the Lord's diiy to chtii-ch, 
Kewlaiid attending him thither. He further believed thaC 
Philip E. was not bred up in the popish religion by consent 
of his father, be putting htm to a protectant sehool at Chi- 
chester; and hod licnrd his luEister, in discuurse with Mr, 
Cox, the minister of Sllndon, wiah his son woidd be brought 
to church. 

Philip Kewp^ the son, then aged 46, dejjosed that his 
father put him to school under several proteatant masters, 
nnd often urgud bini to go to the protestant church, &c. 

Anthony Wliftivgtov^ let 48, of the parish of Slindtm, on 
5lh Fehruijry, 1049-50^ deposal'"^ to his knowledge of Sir 
Garrett for forty yeurs, and that Sir G/s youngest child wus 
Mged about foi-ty ycurs, und hnd been married sistcen years, 
and thnt no one of bis children had livud under Ids tuition 
tliese twenty years, 

IIiB (Sir Garretra) fine having l)een set, Dr> Wright, and 
three other physicians, on 1 1th June, HM'J, certified'"' tint 
*' heing very inlirni and nged, it woidd be etficacious for his 
flilmenta that he I'o repaire to the Spa, for the l)enetit of tho 



Spa waters. 
Fuir 



fas" for Sir G. 



Three days ufturwards a pass was signed by 
nnd his servants to go beyond seas, for 



ttie above purp<>se, with a proviso that he should carry with 
biin nothing prohibited by the State- 



It will be seen that I have adhered to the various modes 
of spelling names of pereoua and phices found iu thi» original 
papers. 



wi iNd, 29a. "*• Hitd, MO, ™ ibu, arn. 



121 



THE PUNISHMENT OF 

PRESSING TO DEATH AT HOESEAM, IN 1735. 



COMMUmCATED BY THOS, HONTWOOD, ESQ., 

( W^ preliminary and suppleinentary remarks.) 



Among the many atrocities enjoined by the criminnl code of 
Euglitod down to eomparutively recent times, is the cruel and 
iDlmnmn liiw, thnt if h [iristmer at tlie bar declined to plead 
'guilty/ ur 'not guilty/ hii was to be put tv the tortrjre of 
pressing^ that is, of hnviug such n weight placed upon his body 
m should extinguish life, unless in tlie meantime he would 
promise to plead. This supplicium is probably the most 
horrible one ever Invented by the ingenious enieltj of man. 
Crueifixionj tlie wheel, sinJ burning E»t the stake, thougb 
diabolical inventions, were less severe than this, imismuch us 
they destroyed the life of the sufferer in a comparatively short 
time, while by this mode of punishment the law acomed to 
contemplate the probable esisu^nee of the sulferer f^r several 
diiys. 

Black stone remarks on this subject' that "a prisoner is 
eaid to stand mute, when, being arraigned for treason or 
felony, he either nmkos no answer at all, or answers foreign 
to the purpose; or, upon having pleaded guilty, refuses to put 
himself upon tlie country. If he says nothing, the courE 
ought I^ impanel a jury Ut enquii^e whether h^ st.rmds obsti- 
nattly unite, or whether he be dumb e^ visitationn DaV* 
lu the latter cast*, reasonably proven, the judges wcixi to pro- 

■ Book IV- or TijUIc Wnjngf , Of ATrmlgnnient«. 

E 



in 



Tnt PUNISHMENT OF PRESSING TO DEATH 



cced with the trial as if the priaoner had pleaded not guilty; 
and this is the inodeni practice, if, aa is very riLrely the cuse, 
the accused person declines to plead. But if the jury wi 
conviiic<?d tliut the duTolmess wiia either feigned, or the i-esult 
of ohstiniicj, lie was cunsigued to the horrible ordeal of, 
pressing. 

Before undergoing this peine forts et dure^ the prisoner was! 
admonishud three times by the judgti, and then respited for a 
few hours, in order that he might fully learn the terrihlaj 
nature of the peiiidty wliieli w.waited him. Illackstone goes] 
on to remark : — - 

^' It soeiuE^ aKToni&liLiLg that tliiB usugi; of admlnbtorin^ the t^rtTiro 
shouM bo ^ul tfi \\Tif,G from a toTiJi?mcHH ta tbd liv^n of mi^n; ami y^at 
this ia tha reason ^-ipsn Inr it^ introiitictifm into the civil law, and ite subso- 
qaent ailopt[on bj tlio Prendi and otiier foreign nntions; via.^ becaiiaa 
Uiu liivfi cannot emlure tliaC uiij m&n iilioiilil iIIl' upon iJie cridencc of 
falscj rr Grr?n a f^ingb witne^^q, jind tberofora contrivnl tliis molliod that 
innoccnco thouM mamfost it^^flf bv n flfc^int douin!, or guilt hj u plain con- 
rpHsion. Thtt* ralirjg n mnn'i virtue hj (.be bardiin'se of liii* con wtitu lion, 
Biut hitt ^uiU liy i\\i Aonsibilitj of bi^ iifrvefl 1 But Iht.Ti' tiut-Jd only lo 
Etato acciiraUdy, in firdtT most i^ifyoUinlly tci expose, lliis itihnman spwina 
of niijrcT ; tbe uxitprtaintj of wbiob, as a tent and critorion of truth, 
HOB long ago Tcrj cltr^ftntlj poinltd out by Tallj, though he ll»ed in 
vXaU: wliuriMU Jt viQ» UNiial Li tordiri; slflvcti id itrdcr to ficmish evidcnc 
* TftTpen/ tnjs ho, 'ilia tonn^nla guburnat dolor, modaralnr nntn 
QLijufiqtio turn animi ttrni corporiSf re^iL quicaitur, Ue^-tit lil^ido, cormmpt 
apes, inlirinal nicCa^ „ at in tot rormu uigufltiid nihil TGiitali loci roliu< 
qnalur ' " 

The mode of punishment was: that the prisoner should 
reminded to the prison from whence he had l>een brought fL»r 
trial; that he should bt; placed nuked on his back, on th 
hiirG floor of a low, durk cbuniher; and that there shoidd 
placx^d upon his body as gi'eat a wcigJit of iron as lie coul 
bear, and more t To add to tliese accumulated hormre, k 
was to have no sustenance, except on the Jivsi day thi 
morsels of the worst brcatl, and on the second day, thi'ee 
draughts of standing water; this cliango of diet to ^le eon-* 
tinned on alternate days, tiU he answered — the judgment i 
hiter tinie.s runs, Uill he died.'''' 

Blackstune Lnices this cnjel ordeal to feudal timL*a, and t 
tlic tyranny of powerful men iti the matter of esclieiits and 

■ 6c« niacknt^np, vt tfjmi. 





1 




I 



Ai nousH-Ui, 1735. 



123 



ftU'feitures. If the loni brought an action ngaiast Iiis vassal, 
nnd tlio iatUj" refuaed to plead, he was put undi^r this pn---<- 
surf}^ until he would yield to the rnpacitj of Ilia p(;i"3uciU«jr» 
If ho yielded, the escheat of his property would folloiv, \mi if 
he remaitii^ inut^^, theru was it stroiii^ probability that h^ 
would thereby assure to his cliHdreu ii coutiiiuiiuce of their 
right to inherit, and thus (pelicaa-like) the poor vassal 
soniotiniefl lost his heart's blootl for the sake of his offspring'. 

Th(! lust intiiction of this drfiadful puuishment in Eughmd 
was probably at the date indicuttd m the title of tliL* piiper 
— the year 1735. Mr. IIooywuo*ra ecminunieatiori on the 
subject is Hui:ijoiae<I: — " 

*^Deah Sib, 

*' In looking over my library I met with a little 
hook, which 1 had for some time loat, and which I promised 
to send you, respecting an execution at Horsham; luid as I 
do not remember ever reading of a similiir case, I thought an 
itccouut of it might possibly be read with interest by you* 
The aecouat is taken trom a pamphlet, printed in the yejir 
iyi3, cutitled, * The Debate in the House of Commons, 
April 5th, 1813, upon Sir Samuel Komilly's Bill, ou the 
punishment of treason. By Basil Montague, Esq. ; published 
by Longman & Co»' After tjuoting the sentence of ptiuish- 
ttteiit, Mr, Montague adds in li note, that ^ the la^t iidlictiun 
of thia sentence was probably in the year 1735.' 

*' The pamphlet goes cu to say :—' Monday, August 4th, 
1735, at the Assizes at Lewes, in Susses, a man who pre- 
teiided to be dumb and liime, was indicted for a barbarous 
murder and robljery. He had been taken up on suspicion, 
eeveral spots of blt>od and part oi' the goods having heeu found 
on liim, 

*' * When he waa brought to the bar he would not speak or 
plead, though often urgtd to it, and the sentence iullicted ou 
those who stand mnle read to liim. Four or five persons ia 
court swore that they had heard him speak ; and a boy, 
who waa bis accomplice, and apprehended, was there to he u 
witness agiiinat him ; yet he continued mute. On whieh ho 

' The leltor la oddreeBed tfl the EdiU>T of ih* BiiiiB. Anh. Colt 

R 2 



llil 



TEE PUNISHHE>3T OF PRESSISC TO DEATH 



was carried hack to Horaliam gaol, to lie pressed io ileatli ifj 



lie would net plead. 

"'Thej kid on him first 100 weight; then added 100 
more, and then made it 350 lbs. ; yet lie would not spcak- 
Thcn adding 50 lbs. more, he was just about dead^ having 
all the agonies of death about him; when the execntioner, 
who weighs about sixt^^n or seventeen stone, laid himself 
upon the board which was over him, and, adding to the weight, 
killed him/' 

" Some years ago, an inhabitant of Horsham, who was 
about ninety years of age, informed me that her father, a 
blacksmith, furnished one of tlie pieces of iron used in this 
execution, namely his own anvil. 

'' This person also informed me that the executioner, after 
having killed the man, placed the dead body in a wheelbarrow 
to drive it to the churchyard for interment. When passing 
the spot where now stands the King's Head Hotel, he threw 
it out of the barrow, and then, taking it up again, proceeded 
to the churchyard, where it was buried, My informant 
added that, some time afterwards, that very executioner, 
passing the spot where he had thrown the body out, dropped 
dead. 

"Yours respectfully, 

"Thomas Hontwood/' 

The Editor of Suss, Arch. Coll, htis cau&ed ecarch to 
made in the archives of the Cleik cf the Peace for Suj 
and the following entries, corroborative cf the facts of thi 
above statement, have been courteously supplied:' 

(I). From tlie Record Roll of the Quarter Sessions,! 
holden at Fetworth, 6th Octcbcr, 173-5. 

" An Account of the Charges and Expencos of Robert Neale, 
One of the Constables of the Hundred of ItotherbriJge, hath 
been at in Carrying Prisoners to Goal. 

" May 15th, 1735. I'aid four men for keeping 
watch over a Dumb, committed to the Cage on 
Buspitiou of Murdering one Elisabeth Symonds^ at 
Bognor 0:3: 

' Thd KubetanceDr |Ji[b LorriJ Darrut]vc EVLiua lo bave Ik'U] irublJahed Ju Ocnl 
Uag. Aufj!. ITao. Ep. 



4 



AT IlOItSHAil, 1735. 



125 







0: 



" Paid Three Men wfio went with mc to Carry 
him to Gofil 

" Expenees there and back for myselfe and 
Three Men 

" July 21. Goeing after a boy who Confessed 
the Murder, and bringing him before Sir Henry 
Peachey ami John Pewkes, Esq., to be examined, 
and keeping him Two Diiys 

'' July 24. 
in Carrying the Boy, and one Thomas Wells to 
Goal 

*^ Espcncos agocing there und returning back 
for My Selfe and the Two Men - - - 



7: 6 
14: 



Paid Two Men, who assisted me 



0:5:0 

5: 

8: 6 



W 



2:3:4 



(H). " A Bill of EspenceB ttbout y* Dumb man, which 
was Convicted at Lewis Asisea, for y' Ccunty of Sussex, by 
me, Thomas Steer, which is as follt^ws: — 

''For my Expence in going to y" Asiscs to 
Lcwifl * - ilK la. 6d. 

(111)> ^^ Sussex to wilt. Account of what Thos. Brian 
have laid out for the rcleifc of the pocr prisoners for the West 
part of the S""- County Since last Easter Session to this time, 
being the S of Octo., 1735. [The following entry is the only 
one that relates to this criminal.] 

" A pretended Dumb man Comitted by S'" 
Henry Peochcy^ Kn*^ the l*i of may, 1736, and 
vfiis prest to Deth the 11 of Auga'' 1735, being 
12 weekea 0:12: 

The name of the murderer remainB, and probably will ever 
remain, unknown. 



120 



SOME ACCOUNT OF SLIXDON CHlTRCfl. 



Bt T. G. JACKSON, Eaa, ARamtBcT, 

JTELLOW OF ff ADQAM OOLL. OXON. 



TaE Manor of Slin<lon was for eight mxd a half conturi^ 
with only one short inttrruplion, att!n:hed to the Archbishopric 
of Cimterbury, It wiis gniiitetl hy King Cesidwulla, in a^d. 
084, to Wilfric. Abp. of Canterbury, being un ;ip[iiai<iitge t-a 
Pageham, ill this county. At the timeof thcDomi;scby Survey, 
it was held by Roger de Montgomery, who wim kinsman to the 
Conqueror, and was made l>y him, Earl of Arundel, Chichester, 
Bnd Sbrewsbury. In a.d, 1108, however, Henry I., at the 
request of Anaelm, reston?d SlinJon to the Archbishopric, and 
it remain^ in thut ownerghip until the time of Oi^anmer>^ 

SlindoTL appears, from the time of Its restitution^ kr LavQ 
been a frequent i-esiJcnce of the ArchbiBhops. There is a 
decision of Abp. Boniface, dated from hence in 1259- Her^^ 
too, A>D. 1228, the fiimoiis Stepheu Langton — "Cantuar: 
Archiepua apud Slindonana, niaueriuni Buunij vii Id : Jul : 
diem clausit estremum," 



I 
I 



1 ThA mUDi^r wHHfin&Tlyeicli&nged hy 
ArDlibbliui> Ciautuut) vi\ik tLu KLue, fur 
other luido. in IA.1V. 

In IfifiS ()) It WAS ^nUid lo Anthony 
Kampe, of wUoito fniuily vo Had BbuQ- 
duitnalicu m onU'mjMirAry recorila. 

Sir Gnirett KeTn[>-H in rtie lim« of 

liL liji7, naread that "TboA. Kfmp«, 
<ti SLiDiliriL» Esq , hath, l\y botti Hau«ii 
u( FartiiLucnt, bc«D odmilLfid to iiii torn 



of £^ao '. he havjuR dcicrtcd his dvoU 
llng, mud resided in liie eaeiny'ji iiuarter/' 

lu \7Q!A. nurUnra, dAn^^hLer of Autlj. 
^[11 pe, carried thu cbLuIu by man-ii^j^e 
1c .[amo9 J{adi-]ifr«« Lord Kiunird, aiWr- 
niirda KiM of NenbnTgh, from whose 
f&milj it iiu pusod by Tuarrit^ to 
OolcDel LaeliEi Ihd iiriJKiit owntT. 

&w Sir W. BurrUrdMSS. in Brit, 

MU6«UDL. 



L^ 



* 



w 





X 



o 



o 

D 



CO 



z 
o 




F ll U *^ 



II 



< m 



Hn 



BOME ACCOUNT OF SUNDON CUUItClI. 



127 



There seemod* therefore^ good, reason to hope thiit, from the 
mass of information to be found in the Archiopiscopa-l 
records abotit SHndon House, somelliing rai/^ht be gathered 
which «"oiild throw light on the history of Slindon Church. 

Nothing of the kind, however, ciin lie ilisc-iivered. The 
building probaMy )vl\raya ranked as a humble village church, 
and, thougli attflched to the Archie[)isco|ml mEinor, was not 
of sHtiUcient imporUmce to uttract remark, [t would be, 
architecturuliy, less im|>ortiint than now ; wfien the great 
Conventual and Collegiate estahli*ihinents of Boxgrove, and 
Anmdcl, hard by, were in their fiitl splendour. The some- 
what elaborate painted decoration, which we shall have to 
notice, with which it was adorned, wa3 nothing remarkable in 
those days, and ^vas p^srhaps sharisd with many village 
churches in rhe neighbonrhood of even less pretensions, 

Tu learn the history of the edifice, therefore, we must, in 
the absence of documentary evidence, go to the building itself, 
and read it fiom the crumbling walls. 

The architectnrul history of the church, as r,tr tia one ctiii 
learn it from that source, may be stated as follows' : — 

1. There was a \orinan church, perhaps built by Abp. 
Anaelra, on recovering;; the estate— at all events^ bniU about 
that time, It consisted, probably, of a snmll nave and 
cbanccl only. The nave extended only as far as the second 
buy, inclusive of the pi-esent church, and the old fonudatioos 
shown on the plan across the church at this point, no doubt 
mark the site of the original west wall of the church. Of 
this buildingj we liave only one Ibature remaining — a little 
lancet window, high up in the wall, on the north side of tbe 
nave, which was discovered during the works now in pro- 
gress. This little window is round-headed, and splayed all 
round inside. There ia no reveal or groove for glazing, but 
the splay of the jumb runs out to a feather edgu on the out- 
side of the wall, 

2. About 1160-1170, during the transition from Norman 
to Grotliir, architecture, tlie south wall of Abp. Anselm's 
Nave was taken down, an arcade of two arches built in it3 
place, and a south aisle added to the ohurob. About the 



' Whi'D tbc proHcn t Icinae UiiHcdin ths 
following ncanLint, it is t^ h<: aaiTi'retoiid 



Alt ix'rcrrin^' Id a lima befori^ the pntcfit 



1S8 



SOBIE ACCOUNT OP &LINDON CHURCH, 



game time, but a few years later, & chapel was bu'ilt on the 
north of the ntive, in the form of a transept, and clerliuuteJ 
to St. Thomas Becket.* To throw this chapel open to the 
nave» a small arcli* was pierced through the north wall of 
Anselm's navc> It appears, also, that soma alterations wcr^^ 
made in the chancel, or even that it was rebuilt at this 
period. The surviving archttectural features of tliis date are 
the two eiisternmost arches of the south nave arcade, the 
easternmost arch in the north arcade, and a small lancet ta 
the chancel, which was discovered during the works [marked 
on the plan, B), There are traces, faintly discernible, on the 
north wall, opposite this window, which seem to show that 
there hfis once been a corresjtonding window there- To this 
period 1 attribute the beautiful coloured decorations of the 
nave, of which an iUustrnnion is given. The font also 
belongs to the end of the twelfth or heginning of the thirtaenth 
century. 

3- Dnring the thirteenth century the chancel was entirely 
remodelled. The earlier lancet windows in the side walls 
were blocked, and larger lancet windows inaerted. It is aUo 
probable that the chaucel was now lengthened one hay east- 
wards; but of this it is impossible to speak conliclently. 

4- In the fifteenth centnry the ehureli was fitudly brought 
to its presentsize. The west wall of Abp. Anselm's church 
was removed, and a bay ndded to the church, by carrying the 
nave walls about 15ft. further westward, with an arch in 
each xvall. The south aisle ^\as lengthened a correspondirg 
distHnce, and a north aisle was added. The latter addition 
made it necessary to open an arch in the only remaining part 
of Ahp, Anselm's fabric^ namely, that part of the north 
wall of the nave, which intervened between the small arch 
leading to Becket's chiipel, nnd the new arch to the west of 
it. It is curious to tnice the reasons which occasioned the 



' Rwket wu muHereil In 117f), and 
canooli&ed I li^. n moe nalural that n 
□bapel should he built and dnlicalcd in 
his lionour, witbagt ddftv, oL Slindon, 
wLJi*h *vaii tlien un iaipijrlanC rusMeppg 
or the. Aruhltibliap, and hUpra l)«^kK 
liad bwa, no duuljl, iiuTKinaUj wtiL 
luxmn. 

' TLuiirch varies la dctaiJ frum thoae 



In the HOUtU arcAiip, anil fa evldentl/not 
quite coiiU'iii]rtiraiit'OiiA wkli dii^m. Tlie 
iauer oricr is muulJeiL and con-ied on 
ruund nliaoi ; wbilo tiio orderji of th^ 
Bonlh artbiti an (*hniTif?r<3d, und the 
abaei bjUAri-^. Tii? mnu-noT ii Cuen btnni* 
ill [ho iionh arch, oliBit In Llie twti 
BOuLh nrt:L«. 



aOME ACC0CS7 OF SLINDON CHUIlCH. 



139 



irregularity ao reraarlcable in this oortli :trcadc of the n^tve, 
of which even the two contemporary arches vary consider- 
ably in diraeosions. The architect resolved t<j make tbe 
north mid suiith iirches of liia new buy exactly L'.urre- 
spend with one another in span juid height ; he also dedded 
to retain the small arch in the eastern part of the north 
wall, which led into Deckel's chape!. Now, this nreh is not 
ojilj narrower, but is altogether farther to tbe east than the 
arc li opposite, in the south urcnde, having scarcely any respond 
at all on Its Rast side- Having, therefore, this small and 
distant arch in the east» and being unwilling to widen his 
new nrch in the west, he bad a very long intervening space 
to deal with ; hence he was forced to design the central arch 
of this arcade on a mnch larger scale than the rest, and even 
then he was forced to leave very mossivti piers between the 
arches. 

The north wall of tlie new aisle was continued parallel to 
the nave walls, and that ]3urt of Becket's chapel which pro- 
jected beyond this line was demolished, 

Iloth aisles hiul two light' square -headed windows in the 
side walls, probably like the windows now remaining at the 
east end of each aisle, which were inserted at the same dulo. 
^he side walla must, therefore, have been of a considerable 
height, and the aisles nuist have been covered with roofs of a 
\ery ilat pilch, instead of beijjg, as now, under a roof that 
covers both nave and aisles with one steep, unbroken slope- 
Indeed, tbe construction of the present roof made itnecessaiy 
to take down the upper parts of the aisle walls, and with 
them tlie window heads. 

The stone jambs and mullions now run up and stop against 
the wall plates, 

A tower was built at this period at the west end of the 
Dave, not in tbe position of the present tower, but moi'c to 
the north. The foundations still exist. This tower opened 
into the church by a pointed door, now blocked, and the door 
leading into tbe present lower, which lias a lofty and efiective 
inner arch» was then the west entrance of the church. Above 
it was evidently a large perpendicular window, of wbict the 
inner jambs and cill have been discovered on removing ihe 
plaster from the west wall. 



130 



SOME AccoMT or aUMOS CHCfiOn. 



The materkls eraployed ure flint rubble for the body of 
the walla, vshh dressings of Pulburougb jliiiI Caen stJjncs, 
the shelly lale of Wight stone, and chalk. It is iiiterestitig 
tu try and connect tlie use Dr choice of ccrtnin nniteriala with 
certain pcrioilQ, In the present case, though all tbeac ma- 
terials have leen used indiscnminiitely in all parts of the 
building uiul at all dutes^ jet in the traiisitii^ual \tork chalk 
and Caen atone prcilominiite; in the I3lh century work. Isle 
of Wight stone; iind in the 15th century Fulborough stone.* 
At the ti'iinsitionul period, however, Pulborough atone appears 
to hnve beea used for outaMe work, and the little window 
which fonaa the unly relic of the Norman church is of that 
sti)ne. 

There is no chancel arch remaining* From certain 
pcculiuritiL^3 of the masonry behind the wooden posts that 
flank the nioilem opening between the nave and clianccl, it 
would aeera probable that the original Norman church bod a 
very narrow clianctl arch, andtlmtat the time of the restonu 
tion of the church in the transitional period the blank spaces .^ 
in the gallc wall, right and left of the Qtch, were cut back into 
two recesses, forming pkces for altars. The thin masonry 
left at the back may have been further pierced with squints. An 
example of this arrangement may be seen in the little churcli 
at Eartham^ close by blindon, and something like it (though 
it had been much tampered with) formerly existed at Made- 
hurst. At all evtjnls there was found at each eide the 
springing of what had Icen an arch in form, though not in 
constrnctiun, having merely been cut cut. in rough rubble 
masonry. The arched form therefore could only have lit^cn 
of a very narrow span. The same coloured difjper was carried 
over the front, back, and sofBt of this rectss, which was found 
on all the transitional work. 

It only remains to speak of the colouring. Coloured 
decoration of various dates was found in nearly all parts of 
the church. That of wliich an example is given is the 
earliest. It haa been found on the three transitional arches 
and tlieir spandril walls, and on the east wall of the south aisle, 
belo\y theperpendicularwindow, and behind a later facing of 



» The greiit arclios of Lliis d^U:. hnw. 
CTBT, &to u1 Eihulk, (iiou^h iLuEr {Aura lu-e 



cil PulLiirEtLfjfli in Lbi? iwu urobu of tUa 
west baj. 



SOME ACCOUNT OF SLlUnON CHCRCH. 



131 



TTinBonry. It was only found in one other part of the church* 
and its discovery there waa very interesting. When the 
north aisle wall, which was very ruinous, wn.s recently taken 
down, n piece of masonry whs finind etjiliedded in it, which 
had once been part of an older wall that run in the contrary 
direction, i, e.^ north and south, instead of east and west. 
This old wall hnd been the west side of the demolished chapel 
dedicated to St, Thomas Eecket. It presented a regular 
face on both sides, that to the west hnving been an external 
face, and that t-o the east being plast*!red and painted with 
the identical diaper of which we have been speaking. There 
was also painting on that port of the east wall of the aiele 
which had been similarly concealed by the thickness of the 
later wall, abntting oguinst it. Further exatiutiation led to 
tile discovery oi" sonic traces of the foundations of this chapel, 
while miirks of a gable against the nave arcade showed that 
it had been roofed like a transept, t. «., with the ridge at 
right an)Tles to the axis of the nave. 

The decorations of which we have been speaking begin 
Ebont four feet from the floor, with a bonier of zigzagt^ 
between horizontal lines. Above thatn, the wall is divided by 
duuble horizontal and vertical lines into a sort of ^* stoning, ' 
the vertical lines being arranged so as to break lK)nd. Ail 
these lines and zigzags are of a hrowiiish red colour. Each 
of the rectangular compartments thus formed is fitted with a 
spray of Ibliage of a dark olive green. These sprays of foliage 
are very elegant, and are nil done by hand, not stencilled in 
the modern way; so that they are full of life and variety- 
The lines of the '^ stoning," too, appear not to havci been rnted 
in, but drawn by hand. This system of decoration is carried 
indiacriujinately over flat wall snrfiices, arch stones, and 
Boffits, On rubble walls and chalk ashhir it is painted upon 
a thin floating coat or " int<mcco'* of excellent plaster. On 
the Caen stone of the north nich it seems to be put imme- 
diatdy, without any plaster whatever. 

The later colouring is very inferior in design, as far as 
any design could be made ont, and has been executed with 
much less attention to dnrability. Indeed, it was so temper, 
that it would not bear toucliiug after the whitewash had 
been removed. ThiSj on the whole, was fortunate^ for, in 

3 2 



132 



SOME ACCOUHT OF StlPTPON CHUEOE, 



many cnsee where tlie later decoration hfid been carried over 
tlieeai'liprpjtinting^ so us to obliterate it^ tb(^ Lit^^r Jcconttion 
was easily removeil, and the eflrlier painting came out fresh 
and perfect. The ayskm adopted for this later decoration 
(which appears lo hove been done in the 15 th century) was 
to paint the soffits of the inner orders of the great arches 
and the chamfers of the out^r orders red. The spundril 
Willis were tlien pnintcil with figure subjects, which were 
drftwij with lines of brown-red and blnck, and filled in with 
broad surfaces of ochre. The treatment was of the rudest 
and most extravagant kind, as far as it could be understood 
at all. 

There jire srtme other points of interest in the clnirch. 
In the chancel, on the north side, is a htte recessed tomb, 
with a very flat, fonr-ccntred arch. Under this canopy lies 
a wooden efBgy of a man in armour.*' On the opposite side 
of the chancel, under tlie easternmost window, is a very 
simple and pretty piscina, with a trifoliated head. 

Of the old enst wnll of the church, only the lower half 
remains* The rest is of half timltcr noggin, and containfl & 
debased window. On the plastering of the old part are 
three circles eontaining crosses, that look like consecration 
crosses. These are painted in red. 

The roofs are all modem, nnd wretchedly bad. 



It may not be amiss to add a few particulars about the 
restoration of this church, which is now (llaroh 14rth) 
nearly completed. 

The aisle walls, which were in a very dilapidated and 
insecure sttite, have been rebuilt on better foundations. The 
founrlations of the nave arcEide piers and of the chancel 
walla have been underpinned, and the latter, which are 
considerably out of the pei-pendicular, have been made 
aeeure by bultressea. 

A new esst window of five lancets has been inserted, and 
a new chancel arch built. The tower, which had formerly a 



Bc|>Lili:]iml MijiiLiii]Vi]t4iofGn'i\t Biimln. 
Vol. 2, pari 1 , p, at ]t ia t«lL! to re- 



prsHiit Aalhrmy Kempe, tlio gnmti^ of 
t])0 niADOr, Is }G5S. 



n 



SOUR ACCOUNT OF SLINDON CHUBCH. 133 

belfry and spire of painted deal, has now been finished 
with a belfry of stone, and a shingled spire. A new vestry 
has been added at the west end of the south aisle. The 
church haa been re-roofed throughout, and covered with red 
tiles. 

The church is also to be warmed, and to be fitted through- 
out with low open seats, and the old high pews and gallery 
with which it was disfigured have been removed. A new 
south porch is to be added, and a new pulpit has been pre- 
sented to the church. The whole of the interior walls will 
be plastered afresh, except where the old colouring remains. 
It is believed that it will be possible to preserve all that is 
left of this interesting and b^utiful decoration. 



134 



THE GREAT GEORGE IXN, PETWOETn. 



Br UOQEIt TUltNER, Jun., Escj. 



I fim in^olited to many kind friends for the assistance they 
hnve renilored me in |irqiaring ilie brit-f liistcry of this o!ii:o 
celehmtcJ hostelry, for the Sussex Arc.liieolfjglwLl Collectii^ns; 
of -whom I niuwt particularly mention Mr. William Knight, 
of thisto^\n (Pctwonh), from whoBc very inlorcstingdraW' 
ingfi I look the photographs, from which the ill iistmtions nra 
etched; and for the etchings themselves, my hest thanks arfl 
due to Mr, Samuel Everslieil, of Uckfitdd, with wlioni^ ihoiigli 
& West Sussex man like myaelf, ! om not personally ar- 
quFtinted ; but to whoBC tolent fts an iimnteiir engraver^ the. 
Society ie under previous obligations for siraihir favours con- 
ferred. 

This holstery, which was erecti?d in 1533, und pulled down 
in the months of July and August hist year (18(30), havin^^ 
been for nmny years discontinued as an inn, stooil on the east 
side of the Market-phice, or, as it is now sometiniea called, 
the Market-square ; it having been of late yeai's more of h 
st|Uiire than It was at the time this tuveni was built. The 
Market-place is its more aucient name ; for we find it so 
called cariy in the reign of Charles L With regard to its 
style of architecture, it was, like most of the other houses 
standing in and about the same Market-place and town gone- 
rally, timber framed — a mo"lc of house construction decidedly 
the most picturesqne, if not the most dnriihle, of any adopted 
in this country , and for which the large quantity of timber 



I 



laE GEEAT QEOaOE INN, PBTWORTU. 



135 



prowii in tliis mufity wniilJ oRurgrejit fucilUy, The pknoF 
tliia Mju'k(?t-|jliice^ t^jgether with thestyli^ ami position of th<J 
liouses of whicli it coosistedt and particuUirly of the Great 
George Inn, will be bust shc^vn by an inspection of thta 
gonorul view of it, ns it is represented in the etcliiug. It 
sbews at one view this part of the town as it appeared when 
tfie "Greut George" was iti a fioiinshing state ; and up tij 
about the ye;tr 171)0, when tlie inhwbitanis of the town 
flocked to it for the superior excellcacc of the entertainment 
which it offi-ToJ, w.nJ which was at all times tu be found 
there* The catering of the inn waa, to uj^e an expressive 
phrnsp, borrowed from our opposite neighlmura acmss the 
Chaiirjt:!, of the most r^clictxhi kind- The contents of itslardor 
and cellar were such as could not fail to be appreciittcd even 
L; epicures of the Falstoffian kind ; meu^ 

*■ In bdt round bdly, with i^god wpgn liucO ;" 

and whose sack and egg-posset mast be browwl in the most 
approved Quickleian manner. In short, tlie*' Gi'ejit George" 
waa the principal honse of public reception and amusement 
for the townspeople and strangers in the place. To any one 
surveying it from the Morket-place, it did not prcsenta very 
imposing trout ; still, it was large and commodiou^^ the prin- 
cipal part of it being a huihling situated behind this, mid 
running parallel with the part in front; the two being con- 
nected by means of a covered passage. From a poie pro- 
jecting horizontidly from the front, within the memory of 
persons now living, a square signboard was suspendijil, on 
which was depicted, in a rather rude, but at the same time bold 
slylt', tlie redoubted Champion of Englanil, iiis rumpant hursc 
being represented as all fire and fury; and, in appearance, in 
the act of endeavouring to aid his courageous master in his 
encount^jr with his formidable enemy, by striking his eido 
with his fore-feet; such enemy lieiug a dragon-iaonsler, into 
whose capacious niouth, bristling with a fearful set of^harply- 
pointed t«eth^ St. George has juat thrust his gigantic spear, 
leiiving in i:;jagination the victory over him complete. On 
his head St. Geor^ife ha*! a helmet, surmounred with a large 
pliirue of ostrich furthers; and a nunile, fastened to hia neck, 
which fcM gracelidly over hia shoulders und body, complut^d 



133 



IE£ CHEAT GEORGE INN, rETWORlU. 



the picture. Altogether, liewjvs exhibital to the public quite 
as the Siiinterl ChiiiupioTi of this invincible country should 
be— noble in his appearance, end feai'lesa in his bearing. 

The following references will make the leading objects of 
interrist in the Petworth Market-iilcce at this early date more 
easily recognise*! ; — 

(a) Is the Great George Inn. 

(b) The alley; this waa probably the akittlc, or, perhaps, 

bowhng alley ; the game of bowls being, during the 
eiglileenth and nineteenth centuries, so popular a 
pnstiuie^ that no inn of any note would be without 
such an alley. Flaying at skittles was also a 
favourite arauseuienl. 

(c) Is the waggoner's yard; being eo eaJled bccauBc more 

wag*;ona thun cnrriages usually put up there for the 
night, waggons Ix^iag, from tlie bad state of the 
roads, more generally adopted, two centuries ago, 
for the transJer of passengers and goods from one 
place to another, than any other mode of con- 
veyance. 

(d) Is Golden Square, 
ie) Darner's Bridge, 
(/) The old Market House, wbicli wa,s a rather long 

timber and plaater-constructed building, unenclosed 
below, but having an enclosed room above, which 
was devoted to th*? double purpose of a Town-hall 
and Court of Justice. Assemblies for dancing 
were, I believe, never held there. This room was 
supportett by stout upright balka of timber, the 
braces of which, being morticed into those supports, 
and meeting in the centre of the space obove, gave 
them tlie appearuuce of arches. From the roof 
of this building arose a square boardwl turret, 
which carried the faces of the Town clock, and 
was surmounted by a weathcr-vnue. This, doubt- 
less from the fitiflhtfis naturally incident to old 
age, rarely dlschui-ged tlie duties of its oilice truth- 
fully ; and hence probubly arose the pro verbird saying, 
current years back in the neighbiiiu'hoo*], *'as false 
as the Petworth wcalhcr-cuck," Uebiud the Market 



THE GREAT GEORGE INN, PETWORTH- 



187 



House 3tood one of Parson Edmond's condaibs, by 
means of which this part of the town was supplied 
with water (see Vol. XIV., p. 23.) In the open 
spAct! of this huiUling the weekly corn-market was 
hi'ld, until it wiistuken down ami rebiitlt witJi stone 
by thttt liberal'hear ted nobleman, the Eari of Egre- 
mont, in 1793- The new building was, like the old 
one, open beneath, until within u tew yeiirs from this 
time, when, being no longer required for the pur- 
poses of a niiirket^ it wiis enclosed by the present 
noble proprietor of the Lordship of Petworth, Lord 
Lcconficld, and the area converted into spacious 
rooms for the accommodation of the Petworth 
Subacpiption Reading Society, sind Working Men's 
" - Institute, It had long ceased to be used as a 

Market- House. 
(9} la the Bull-ring; and 
(h) The Whipping -post. 

TJiesc two last objects of archieological interest in the old 
town do not apeak much in favour of the intelligence and 
high moral condition of its inhabitants in the prosperous 
days of the Great George lun. Bull-baiting, indeed, and 
cock -shying, are well known to have been very generally kept 
up as popular pfLslimes (see VoU T,p, 68, note); theformerin 
the Miirkct-pluce, und the latWr at the curner of the Tilling' 
ton Road, even so late as the commencement of the present 
century, when, through tiie interference of the late Earl of 
Egremont, these barbarous and cruel practices were put a 

BtOp to. 

At the close of the seventeenth and at the commencement 
of the eighteenth centui-ies, bull-kuting in Whitsun-week, 
and cock-shying on Shrove Tuesday, were considered legiti- 
mate amusementa, particularly bull-baiting, which was annu- 
ally practised at the Bear-garden, at Hockley -in- the- Hole, on 
Wliit Monday, aa appears by the following posting-biU, which 
is to he found among the Hiu'leian papers in the British 
Museum. The date of its issueis 1710: — 

'' Thb i^ to ^TO naticQ to all gcntlcraon gamcstera, aaJ oth«Te, that on 
^\s firfrHent Mdiulnj, Wltitmcmdny, is a natch to liH fought by two iltigH, 
OUG from NawgatG Market, ugniaGt oug of Honey -Iiulg Morketj ikt t SuLl, 

T 



138 



TH£ GREAT GEOKOE IN!f, PETWO&Xa. 



for a jTuiECB to be spent ; Gvv let goes out of haail ; nLicH goes faireat 
fiiTthr^t in, win.^ fill. LikiiwJtio n gre^n Boll 1o he hml«i[, whit^h vixi nev^T 
butcd bcfoTt ; and a HuU (o bo torDod Ic^isn vith firaworka all over him ^ 
ftlao A moil Aba to be bait«J- Likenise tLere are tvo Uear-dogs to jump 
three juiups a piece at h Bear; nLicbjiimpEbighest ; for ten shillings to be 
spent ; wilb a vaneXy of Bull ood B^iar baiting ; — aai a dog to be JrJLim- 
up witb fireworkfi. To begin <!XMitly at tlirco of the clock. ^^^^^H 

Bull-ljaiting mny have been tolerated so long as it appears 
ta hnvc been in this country, notwithstanding its csondcmna- 
tion as a demoralising and cruel practice, from the circum- 
stance that, by a aiuat extraordinary municipal regulation of 
mcKlern dale, a butcher was proliibited frona killfug a bull, 
until he had been well baited ; and whenever and wherever 
the flesh of a baited bull was exposed for sale, the butcher, by 
an old customi was in the habit of burninf^ a candle on his 
BhanibleB> Whether corporate bodies were iiapressed withtbe 
notion that bull-beef is made more tender and palatable by the 
previous persecution to which the poor lieast was obliged to 
submit — as the Hcsh of a hunted hare is thought by epicures 
to be preferable to one tlmt has been killed with a gun, or 
snared — or whether it was the result of an anxious desire oa 
their part to gratify the towris[ieople under their nutnicipal 
control, by taking out of the abacltledand doome*! aniiuid the 
entertainment which, in the course of a few hours, he would 
no longer bo capable of affording, I am unable to determine. 
Both of these causes might possibly have operated so as to 
lead them to give their authoritative sanction to so barbaroui 
a custom. Of the former, they are proverbially siijipcsed to 
be excellent judges ; and popularity amongst those to whoni 
they are indebted for the brief authority they possess, is not 
unlikely to have iaeen with tbem a powerful actuating motivo 
in this mutter, DoubtlesSj the abolition of these brutal ex- 
hibitions, ami uf the wliipping-post, is mainly to Ije attributed 
to an improved state of discipline and feehng, wliicb mental 
cultivation, and greater self-rci^pcct, would naturally give rise 
to i and this bus resulted in the establishment of a Reading 
Society, and a Workmen's Institute in Petwcrtb, from whenog 
has arisen more elevjited and refined habits of thinking and 
acting, and a necessity for amusements of a more rationnl :ind 
improving kind. As the lower orders became more Intel- 



TGE GREAT GEORGE UfX, rETffOmn. 



139 



Icctaa), nnd the higher "in thoughts more elevate," bull- 
l»aitiag anJ cock-shjing would n^ longer 1)9 emlureJ aa a 
pastime; Bor would the whipping- post be any longer needed 
for the purpe^se of public and summary punishment* 

But to return to the history of tJie Great George Inn, the 
more immediate subject of my present paper, from which I 
have been led — I think not unjustifmbly — somewhat to 
digmaa* I will here mention that some of the houses which 
st*>od about it, particularly on the western and aoulhern sides, 
nre omitted in the general view of the Market-place, to admit 
of a clearer and better idea being obtained of it, and its strnc- 
ture, than could otherwise bavL* bet;n bad, and I shall now 
proceed to give in detail a abort account of some of the must 
interesting parta of such structure. The inn, it wii! be borne 
in mind, waa in ics arohitectural form likt; the letter H; that 
is, it conaLsted of an eastern and western wing, the western 
fronting to tho Market-place; the two being connected by a 
somewhat muTower building, cimsisting priucfpally of a pas- 
sage and staircase^ and canned atright angles troni one to the 
other, about midway. 

Of the etchings, taking the general view of the Market- 
place as No, 1^ Nc. 2 will give an idea of that part of the 
building which wjia tj be st'en. from the alley (i) ; iiud which 
could not be shewn in the general view. It is intended to 
exhibit the picturesque old gables and chimneys of that poi't 
of the inn, the sight of which was not intercepted by the 
Btables- 

No. H shews the inner side of the same eastei'n wing — the 
part, that is, which faced the court-yaixl — representing it as it 
appeared after the removal of the western wing, and the 
central or connecting part of the building; the position of 
which is indicated by the dotted lines, marking the angle of 
the roof, &c., and shewing that this central pai't was not quite 
so high as the two wings. 

No. 4 shews the eastern, or inner front of the western wing, 
with the arched entrance passage, leading from the Miu"ket' 
place into the court-yard of the hosteliy. it had^ lu will be 
Been by the gable and window, a small room over it. This 
front has of latt: yea.rs hetn iiiueh oljSLurcd by a new front of 
bricks and stucco, which has been given to the adjoining 

1 2 



i4a 



TH£ €ft£AT GEOQGX INV, P&TWORTB, 



house on the nortliora sWe ; the southern end of which is 
shewn in the illuslmtion No. 3, as well as in this, and wbicli 
runs parallel with it. 

No. 5 gives the outer, or western front of tho same wing — 
the front, that is, which is seen from the Jlarkot-place, This 
front has been considerably modernised, hiiviiig >>een entirely 
new faced vritli hricks and stucco since the house lias been dis- 
contimied as an inn, and the windows altered and enlarged, to 
adapt it to the pnrposea of an ironinongcr's shop» The ele- 
vation of this part of the houao is considerably l>elow tlie 
louBes on each side of it. 

The woodciit which forms the titil-piece of my article, is 
a representation of one of four oaken hntckcts, which sup- 
ported the sills of the windows of tlie eaatcrn fiicc of No, 4. 
It is given, not os it was originally, but as it appeared when 
the building was taken down ; the pattern being made good 
to shew its truly Sussex character. Its dimensions are fourteen 
inches in length, hy seven inches in widtlu The windowsof the 
shop in front are supported in a similar manner by six brackets 
in each window; the two outside brackets being carYod with 
an oak-branch sitniUr to the one under consideration, but the 
intermediate supports being plain blocks only. The out«r of 
these were^ beyond a doubt, the bracket'^ of the old honse 
windows before the house was new fronted, but which have 
been reduced in size, so as to obtain a plain surfaoe, for faci- 
litating the embedding of a portion of them in the walls, 
Sevi!U inches^ therefore, only wereexposed to view at the time 
of the demclitiun of the building. The wny in which they 
were reduced is shown by the horizontal line» 

Running north and south through the whole length of the 
Market-place and Golden-square, whs a large open <lrain, 
which appears to have been the mahi dram of this pjirt of 
the town, and to have discharged the filth flowing into if-, and 
carried off by it, into a dili^h at or near to DanierVbridge. 
The course of this open aewer is shewn in the etching of the 
general plan. The sanitary condition of the town was not so 
much studied then as is the caee at the present day> Our 
forefathers could tolerate what would now tie looketl upon as 
ft grievous nuisance; and infmitelj pn^ferred a surface tn an 
imdergrjund drain, as more easily kept clean- >iow, such a 



TOE GltEAT OF.OBGE IBS, FETWOBTH. 



141 



r 



sewer as ttis would arouse the npprehensions of every iu- 
lutbitant, nod the Sanitjr^ Act be ut oou^ Lruugbt to bear 
upon it, 

in an old rate-book, preserved id the Petworth parish chest, 
end dated 168J, the Great GcorgQ Inn is slated to have been 
at that time cccapied by a Mr, Eemin^toa ; aad the rate he 
was called upon to pay upon that occasion was 5d. And in 
the rtign of Qu^ea Anne, tlte ** Great George " is described 
as the principal itm in Petworth, 

It mnat be borne io mind, that the uac of a tavern in a 
country town b very different now from what it was in the 
flourishing days of the Great George Inn. Two centuries 
ago there was but little travelling, and there could have be^^n 
but few wayfurers to frequent it- Fur its princlpid means of 
support^ it would depend on the town itself, and its jovial in- 
habitants^ who tlien constituted a large class. Taverns of this 
kind wore frequented by the better class of a town far more 
than by the lower order of the people. Business at an end 
for the day, here the gentry and the better class of trades- 
men met in social conclave to discuss piUtics, or to talk 
of the news. And sad, I feel hound to add, were the scenes 
of riot and excess which took place almoat nightly in what 
was then designated '*the Upper Room" of an inn. The 
quaint old Earle — and here I must caution the reader against 
thinking that 1 am alluding to any one of the Lllustrioufl and 
potent Earls, who held the honour of Petworth from an 
early period, and whose names are distinguished in the annals 
of tbeir country as benefactors to it, both at home and abroad, 
■^both in peace and in war — both as statesmen and as 
soldiers — for this is not the case. The Earle I am speaking 
of was a writer of that name, who lived early in the acvcn- 
teenth century, and among whose works ia a small duodecimo 
volume, entitJed '* Micn>cosraographic; or, a Piece of the 
World Discovered, in Essays and Clianiet^irs," of which there 
are about 77> The copy, fi-oin which I am about to give an 
extract^ is described aa "the fift edition, much enlarged," 
and was publighed by Edward Blount in 1629. The 
eighteenth of these short essays and characters is headed *' A 
Tavern;" and in it he gives in his quaintly facetious iind 
plain- speaking manner, too true a picture, I fear, of the hahits 



142 



THE GREAT GEOEDE INW, FEIffOBTH. 



and manners of the period in which 
was his object to censure lliiJ reform, 
he saya — 



he lived, and which it 
Speaking of a tavern. 



" It is B degraOf di (if toq vrill) a paire of stftrca, %hove an Akhouae ; 
wTn^re m(?n nre Tirnakfl witli mure crpdit anci Bftologio. If tho Vintner'i 
noGa be fvt the doors, it m fifiigno F^uflidQEit; bat iho Libs&iii^D of tfala is sup-* 
plifld by au ivy-biiah. The roomca arc ill-brGfttli<nl; lilti; the JrinktiPsI 
tliut Tiavti \teei\ wall wa^lit ovoniig^ht; hdiI tin; emtilt, kio, fa^itLiig^ tbe 
next morning; not fumiaht with bods apt to be defil&l ^ bnt Trith mora 
i]pces>;ary iniplemonte, Euch ae atooles^ table, &c. It is a broachor of 
more news than bogalieadfi ; and of more jeste than ncwB ; vhich is flHi:ked 
up here by f>ame t^inm^y brniuGj and rrom lhf!ncii Hrjuecz<^ into a coiuodju. 
Men cono hf^rc to make raerrj ; but iniiefd make af]o?«e; and this raa- 
eicke obovo ia anaTrorpd hy tho clinking of potfl below. Tiie Jraw«re are 
the cmllefit people in it; men of good &n»ji/u; up ; and howaoevor 
we GHiQeutiti of tJieni, luitic! I'aji more ju-stl^ iiouriti of tlieir hi'jh calling, 

'Tis the b*Bt Theater of natnreB j where iJicy are truly acted, and not 
plaid ; and the bu^Laes^ h^ as in the rest of the wotIJ, up and down ; toi 
wit, from the bottom of tho seller to the great chaiuber- A melantliolj 
nian trould Irnd h^ere mu-Uer la worke npon ; to see heads a& brittle as* 
glafiees; and ofter broken. Man come hithi3r to qaarrelf and hither to bd 
made fricnda. And if Plutarch will IcqlI mc Uia aimile^ [I ie oron Tc-I 
lepbiu hia Bword that makes woimda, and cures tLem. A Tarera is tJid' 
common ccmflumption tif the ofternoone; and tJie mnrderer or rank^rl 
awaf with, of a rainy day. It lu tb«^ torriil-Kone that Bcoruhes the face ;! 
and tobacco tbe gtinpowdsr that blowea it up. Much harm would bc^ 
doae, if the ehanlabFe viutjiE^r had nut uat^-r a.1 all ilmnE ready for tLe«o 
fiamee. A bonne of ^inn^ yoa may call it; hut not a honso of ikrknesne; 
for thocandles aro norer out; atid it is hko thoHo conntrjes farr^: in this] 
Nortkf wbers it is as okare atmidaiglit, as it is at midday. AfUr a lon^ 
fcttEjiig, it becomes like tbe streete in a dabbing bhowrc ; uhere the tpontai 
are fluahinff nbore, and the conduits niuaiog below; while tho Jordona, 
like awoUing rivers, ovortlawo tbiir bankt. To give you tho total reckon- 
jnge of it; a Tarern is the busio mau^B recreatieui the idle man's basi- 
the mclaneliuly man's bAnetmiry ; Lhu btranger's welcome; tboi 



neEse: 



luaog-a- Court man's outertrLinnient ^ tho E<]bollor's kindnee? e ; and tbi 
citizcn^fi Dourto^e. It \& the studie of tbe eparkling wits ; and a cap 
ahorrey tlieirbouke ; where we leare them.*^ 

In grubbing up the foundations of the old hostelry, the] 
following coins, seventeen in number, were found* >Vitli the 
exception of two or three, they are of no great arehroological 
interest or value. The most worthy of notice is a Romaa 
coin^ the legend of which is partinlly worn away ; enough, 
however, i^emnins to shew that it is a coin of Victorinus, who 
is included by Trehelliua PolUo in his list of the thirl' 



TBE GREAT OEOBCE INN, PETWOBIH. 



143 



tyrants, wIjo ruled In tte various dependencies of the Roman 
Stttte, Juring the time it was disiniiiubercd from tim Empire 
under the feeble reign of the iiabecile son of Valerian, vio 
torinus was the third that ruled the province of Giml, having 
previously been the colleague of his predecessor, Posthumua, 
He is spokea of as a man of singularly good abilitit^ and as 
posfitssing many of the highest qmilifications of a general and 
statesmen. On the cibverae of this coin ia a wdl-execuled 
head of the Emperor, adorned with the customary diadem of 
the period in which he lived, and the following legend i — 

IMP: C: VICTORINVS: P: F: AVG: 

And on the reverse is a femalo figure, the legend nrouod which 
is illegible. This coin is a good speeimen of the art of en- 
graving in Rome, at the time it was struck, which must have 
been about the year of grace 268; for he met with the fate 
of moat tyrants, having been assassinated by one of hia 
officers, whom he had most grossly injured and insulted, 
shortly after he had completed his first year's reign. It was 
found embedded in some cement still adhering to u portion of 
the old foundation walls, and with which it appears to have 
been faced. This curious cb^cumstance leads very naturally 
to the inference that this must have been Roman walling; 
and that the "Great George" had been erected on the foun- 
dations of some Roman buildings which had previously stood 
here. And when we consider the nearness of Petworth to the 
site of the Roman ViDa at Bignor, and to the Roman Via 
called Stane-fltreet, it ceases to he remarkable that Roman 
remains should be found in and about it. This coin is of 
middle brass. 

The other coins found were a silver coin, about the size of 
a shilling, the impression of which ia effaced, <!)f the legend, 
nil that remains is the three letters FRA. This is supposed 
to have been a coin of one of the fii^t three Edwards^ but to 
me it appeal's much more likely to have been of the reign of 
Charles Lor II. 

Acoppti coin, the impression of which is also nearly effaced, 
but having tlic appearance of a penny of Charles I. 

Also ahallpennyof William III, (William and Mary), dated 



144 



THE GREAT GEQRG£ INN, PETWOaTH, 



16y7; four halfpennies of George IlL, dated 1775; and a 
mill-edged halfpcimy of tho seliqc reign, dutod 1806. 

Three furtliiugs of the reign of Charles ]L; two dated 
1673, and one 1674. Also three fartbinga of the reign of 
George 11,, all of them of the date 1737. 

Three tokens were also found; one of them was a locftl 
token of William Manser, Qimitar to that described in Vol. 
XVTm P- 309, note 3; the other two were halfpenny tokens 
of North Wsiles, which had prohubly been left by Welsh 
cattlc' drovers frequenting the Great George Inn, 

These coins and tokens are all in the possession of Mr. 
"William Knight. 




145 



0?r A ILYim VISIT OF GEORGE, PRINCE OF 
WALES, TO CHICHESTEE, IX 1716- 



Bv THE REV, F. H, ARNOLD, LL.B. 



The reception of Janies^ Pukeof Monmuutli, at Cliichester, 
in 1G79, tias been Larnxted in an iatcreating contemporary 
letter, which ia given in Vol, VII., pp. 168 to 172 of the 
" Stissex Arch 020 logical Collections;'' nnd the original of 
whii*h is to be found among the Tanner manuscripts, in the 
Bodleian Lihrarjj Oxford, Strong party feelings were at 
that time manifested in many phices, and bad extended them- 
selvea to Chictcst<;r. Great etforts wcrt made to elect mem- 
bers favourable to Protestantism, while the Duke of Monmoutli 
was invited down to Sussex, to fitrengthea by his presence 
these endeavours. 

Reference to the City Act-Book shews that, after tlie 
llcvolution, the addresses of the Corporation of Chichester to 
the successors of James II. took the panic direction* That 
to George L, on Ixk accession, is as follows; — 

" Mftritpleaeei joormoBt cxodlcnt Majesty » — -Thohumbb addrees ottliG 
DQtior, n?corJi?r, alilvrmcai uid cltkcDs of jour chj of Cliidicrdter, who 
heartily conyratTilate yo' mnjcBty on ^ik'" happy itccflnioti to the Crowoe of 
great Oritaific, nnd safo arrivall to Iho poHaoaBiunuFtUiikingJomc, Trjiitb your 
long de&si'ut OQ the Hoj'ull British Blotid g\ve you to JnLtnt, oiid whick 
thiry wiflh jour Majestj. with ya' cniiniiia vlrtutti, maj tranHmit to 

U 



A 



14G 



VISIT OF TMJH FKiNiE OF WALES TO CHICHESTtR, 



yo^ Iloyall Usuo for maiij aj^es. Permit un, groat S^, whilst weo condole 
tho loBs of D»r lati.' most rolJgiouR^ rirtaoLiB, and nxcclJcnt Queen to Bpenke 
the tender conrcrni; wev lind with ln-r for the fcUL-cr^saiou la yo' uioafc 
illuBtrious Hohsi?. (o lute Leave tin apmire jti"" Ma^ ifi;3 now Iiold yon 
FLOjalljiernon *nd Uoveriiin^ aacrfld, jo^ Prerogativeof e<5iinll exleut to onT' 
Duty and ftdolitv, which may not beehahen yn anyii'tenci" whrttaocveT. Your 
mobt Dutiful ^i]bjef:1s^ i[iHtriii;toJ by tliu Cburch aiid Lnne^ of K[ig]and 
(the CTpr iTaithfiil championfi for KnglUli ninnarcby) in such priacij^lea 
iispuro your Mojetty they will to the titDiowt of thoir powtr support and 
Jefuud your Mnjesty lu tho penceable eojoyment of the luaptnifll Crowuo 
of thii^ Ronlnie bgaijihl the Fretuidtr, ag* the houudlcas Ambition of 
his Patron^ and ag' nil iliat op[K>5e yo' Maj'J" tranquility. In tiatimony 
whcrtof, iTi: liaTc caused tho Comon iScalo of yo' a'" City to be herc^iulo 
sot, tJie fifth day oi Koveniber^ itt the Bret jtar of jo'^ Maj"'* liei^s 
(1714.)' 



C 

n 



i 



Afl«r the suppression of the Jacobite rising in the begiii' 
□iiig iif 171G, Hud the piisslug of the Peptennial Act, a 
general tranquillity enaueil ; find in the autumn of this year ^i 
occurred a visit to Chichester of George, Prince of Walea^^l 
ftfterwartis George Ih, whik-h was attended by circumstances^^ 
Komewhftt peculiar- There were few oecasions in the pro- 
gresses of Queen Eliziiheth on which she was not "marvel 
ously Imiiketed;" uiid the sunie nmy be saiil of most of oi 
sovereigns and heirs apparent; in proof of this, I may refe 
to Queen Elizabeth's reception and entertainment at Cowdray, 
the splendour of which almost surpuEsee belief. Usually such 
banquets fourd guests to purliike of theui; but wy batve here 
an exception. Pre])!iration was duly made; an entertainmen 
got ready ; the Aldermen^ who in these days appear in blac 
gowna,' donned robes of scarlet; and an claborntc oration w 
got up by the Recorder, Some hours passed in sutipcnsc. 
At length the Prince appeared; but neither listened to the 
apeecli nor tasted the viands. From the account however 



1 la aa ontry^madcin tha Cttr^mtlon 
MImiCe-Bwh, Bii<[ dat^l 17 0<^t., 17M, 
Lt E« onlnred tiJLt "Ihs csptaat uf the 
Coq^orBtiDii on tlioflm apfwiDlfd for iha 
Dorunacion of our So^Tuignc l-ord King 
Oeorgo bo left (o Uio maQv^gtm' of Ur, 
Mainr and thnl mm majv Umn hall-a- 
*\or.eii fTn^iilfl In- i«il hi(j> Any imp Imnfliv, 
la ra^[icct of tin- ilry >TtBtLur, aud U} 
p'Yect dninripQ "hicb nmj ha|»[T«n by 
mni."—Mini,U-£ovl- CivU- CKat: 



^ BlAGk g«wTiB toem to have 
usually worn al ihat tium, alneB on 
April 2ard, I'i^A, On.- luwu CounoU 
catiFHfl the fjllowiueordor tobemad«^— 
'* All tlia luuuibora of ihli hoMM tn 
weore Iflacko gOAncfi," and it id added 
"he wha appvara [q Hme of biiaia^fte 
vrUhoui n ^owtw, is to lie lakvn lo be a 
breaker uf ihu anuluDl ciutlooiix,"— X. 



re 

4 

H l\1t ■ 



VISIT OF TOE PRT?:CE OF WALES TO CHICHESTER. 



U7 



wliiit occurreJ, ns reconled in the City Act-BooT%:, It will lie 
fipen thiit the Cicestriana quickly recovered i'mm the disap- 
pointment- Tbey judiciously reflected that the buiqiict, 
neglected by Royalty, might b<? not inn-ppropriiitely con- 
flumed by themselves, and therefore concluded the day ia 
festivity. 

The following copy of an entry in the same Act Book refers 
to this flying viait, 

PlilJliCE or WALES COMING THROUGH THE CITT. 

CiJt or CEriGnB6Tfiit.— At a i^onion Oounclll of tlie Muior, Aldifriueii, 
atul Gi(n7Gn* of the bhU City, \iM in ih*- Counril!- House of the Hiiraa 
Citj, ou tJic ffivc ani Twentieth day of Septcoibor, Anuo Uni-, 171G, tharo 
btiiig p'aent^- 

Thorn BS Uaniniond, E'iq,, Maior, 



Mr. Thomas NeTill, 
Mr, Ffrain^ifl G<iiil«r, 
Mr. Robert 8tuith, 
Mr, Jamea Vnvnsor, 
Mf. Jcfhii Suwtun, 
TAr. John f^tilptvick, 
Jlr. ItirJmrd Uodmati^ 
S'. John MLflcr, 
Mr. Jo " Tiiiriy:, 
Mr. Willinni Collins. 



AlclermPd- 



5tr, John Harm, 

Mr. J;i" CoHtelluH, i p ,.*. 

Mr. T^^m, Ca^tK >^K^^^^- 

Mr.Kii^hftrdClfnidealf. j 

Mr. Jo" WnkelielJ, 
llr. Tho, Lt^wltnor, 
J^lr. rlainea LihhBrH, 
Jiir. KicLjird Edc, 
TjYfii WnoiTyisr E*q., 
Mr. Murtnj. 
Mr, Hearj- Aylward, Towac U. 



W Hifl RtijHll Highness heiii^ oipectod to pafiw Oiroiigh this city, on hiR 

I vaj to StnnHtPfld (the repid^'n^e of tlie Earl of Starboronjfh) this nfter- 
I noonc, it was by this ABaccoblj Ihoa^ht iit to bortuir of b"" John Miller 
I (ouu of the niembera for the CiLj), who oflVrcd Uit- saiuf, a hftiidacmo 

I (|nill to coTer the great tnLle in the Conni?ill- House ; ariii to hare the 
i CushcoaB of the Corporation seat in the Choif of the CathodraU Chnrch, 

to lay on the appor benches there, and to haye a titting dessert of Kweet- 
^^_ inoaE«, nilh a bttttlc of vack, and tiTo ^07A'n of Bcitt]&'4 of the bci^t Heil 
^^B aud vhitti wtne, ready in th« ConncilUhonso for his highnea^'^ rofresUm', 
^^^ in cftSD ho ahould ploiiHO to honour the CVrporacion with tia p'^aeixce 
there. And that all the members of the ComoQ Council] thould meet at 
8' John Millfr'fi houst" (it bring hin omie tb'sirc), at two of Ihu cioek m 
tbo aftemoune (in tht^ir ^omi«s) lh« Aldentien'R b^ing Scarlett, eoe as to 
be ready to pay their duty to the PrincoT at hJa Entrencc in nt Eaat^^atc. 
And they did meet thrre at thjit hour accordingly, and an idogaiit speech 
irafl iTik-nded by Mr. ffaringlon, projicr for the oeeasion ; bn^ it being 
night before Lis highneaa reached the city, and he being in baat, made 
noc stay to receive the fame. The windows all alon^ tlie ^trcctd through 
nhieh he pusiicd were eii:cediiig widl illuminaLed (Mr. ?^laior bavtiig (a 

U 2 



148 



VISIT OF 



rCE OF WALES TO CHICBESTEB. 



ixaxQ £«Dt to tho lohaliitoutfl &ui] desired it), nad hy tlio continual ]r<ud 
fltclaituuaLioiia of the Poo^jIb* froMx liifc (-iitrarico in ut EaelgjiU^ U} ]u±\ 
going out at Northgato, rhflre appfarefJ great joy and getierfll witLsfucicin 
tUrongh ti»o City, Th^? MaiorfinJ Corporacion wi^nt on to the ComiciJl- 
Hon^^, and there drank pleutifitliy to tbe Health of the Kinff. Prinooi 
Priiiuesa, and rest of tho Royal famQy, HhicL coiK^luded iLe da;.'* ' 

In reference to this journey Robert Walpole writCB to 
Stanhope thus:— "The I'rincc talks of going in tviii days to 
Portsmouth. The route is^to Lord Dorset's in Kent; from 
thence to the Speaker's^ ia Susses ; antl hy will return back 
by Lord Sc-arboroiigh's," * 

At this time (reorge L wus in Hiinover, and the Prince ofj 
Wales (afterwards George II.) wus entrusted with the govern- 
ment in his absence. Through the jealousy of his father he 
had been denied the title of Regent, arid received only lliat 
of Guardian of the Reitlui, luid Lieutenant, ^^ His every ^^ 
st«p, every word^ were then most suspiciously watched, and^H 
most severely acrutiniacd." The reason of his notatnyiugat \ 
Cbicheater ia probably that mentioaed in the Act-Book — -^J 
'' linste," since lie was at that time desirous of gaining in-^f 
fliience in the county. " Less cold and r<^s<?rved in deiiieiinour^^ 
than his father, and also in some degree acqujiini.ed with tlie 

p: 

multitude 

by a short progress through Kent» Sussex, aad Hampshire, and 

by several sets of grace." * 



mm HIS latner, antl also in some Uegree acqujiini.efl witn tLie^j 
'jnglisli language, he was naturally much better liked by th^^| 
iiultitude," aaysLord Blnhon,^ ^' and increased his popnluritj^^ 



3 Hinuta.Book, Clvit : Ciee*t : K^ fo. 
1'7», For pcrmlRSlrtTi to ertriipt thi>«G 
docujiiouid. hkUerto UEiprii^Lucl. 1 inn id- 
debted (o Llie ltii*diiuB-cif J. Fturell, juiu, 
E*].. Town Clork of Cbichcrtcr. 

^ SLAnhopcj Papcro En Cuxo^a Walpole, 
II, 7S. 

B Lord M^hon'i HieL. L, a. G. 

D Ib1± Ai] ami, ITIH. Td Auguitt. 
\122, OwrgQ I wju alflo liLm?^lf at 
Btanatead,''tlicAC£tuurthDlti£hClIontile, 
tlie Barl of Sciitborudgh,'^ wboa &n ad- 



dress, volfd on the dtftt. was prflaenl 
by"'neMiimr(of Chl<*h'»*Wl.tIn?Rpt:or- 
dtr, SirTliumm l^iTkr kTiJ itiliei> iti rhe 
Tuwii 0"iitifL], wbrj rterc intrihKic&i tg 
ihc KJUK l\v tbe Duke cE Hicbmotid." 
Tbid. lou, LoQ rt^ror^Q^Q la tbn^ un<^ulU«il 
COndiliuD of Ihc tJtngb, ln0Tiltoiili>|^ thut 
' cwi^pimt^yufl nn:- on foot, and turbulent 
ariil bail iddii an: uitiiti-rLiriK wlLb trvft 
(ort4 bWortJ bon li> >:ivi? iliaturbHi>i:G/'< 



149 



ALIENS IN RYE, TE)IP. HENRY VHI 



By WILLIAM DUIILIANT COOPER, F.S.A. 



In ft former volume of our Collections' I have noticcJ the resi- 
dence in Rye of Protestant rGfuge*'s in the days of Elizabeth 
and Charles L At an c?!Lrlic?r period (1,525) the town had 
iiinnng its resident trailera several who were iklit^iis. 

The Scots were then not only aliens, hut in consequence 
of the hostility between the two kingdoms tbey were looked 
upon, fis his been seen^, with peculiar jealousy; and Rye had 
its Contingent of men born north of the Tweed, 

The Purlhimentof 1523 (14an*J 15 Henry VIIL), famous 
fill- having passed the Statute of Willa, and incorporated the 
College of Fhysidans, is nlso wdl known for its grant, after a 
severe debate of sixteen dayfi,of a subsidy to the King (cap. IG) 
of one half of what he had demanded. That subsidy extended 
to the lunds, and personals, and wages of aliens, from Avhoni 
the tax was double the amount charged upon natives^; the 
reasons for the subsidy being the hostileconduct of the French 
King, Francis L 

Indeed, this Parliament was very hard upon the aliens, 
for by another Act (cap, 2), no alien joiner, pouL'h-iuaker, 
ci>operj or blacksmith was thenceforth Lo be allowed to take 
an alien apprentice, or keep more than two aliens as joiirney- 



T Bv». Arcfa. Coll. X11L, p. \S0. 

* Aaother Aol imposed a pemllj of 



GsL. 8d, aa every ono wirfi flIiouM kill 
H haro In tlie muw, wLUi i Uog, urutbur- 



150 



ALIENS IN RTC 



rocn» If they used any humlicraft in London or its suburbs, 
or in any city, borouf^h, or town corporate, they were to be 
under the search of the Wardens and Fellowships of the same 
ImnJicnifts, with tine Huljstantisil striinger^ who should be fl 
lioasi.^holder; hut they mightj if hauseholders^ retain the 
journeymen and apprentices then with them. Lords of Parlia- 
raent and others hnving lands and leneiuents to the yearly 
valuG of £100, might receive, and take and retain stranger 
joiners and glaziers from time to time. 

The subsidy was to be paid in four years. Aliens were 
to pay two shillings in the pound upon their lands^ and on 
personals of the value of twenty pounds; eiglitpeiice in tbe 
pound was to be taken from those receiving yearly wages, 
and eightpen:^f yearly from thusa not otherwise rateable. 
These sums were to be paid for the first two yeai"8, reduced 
sums being payable for the remainder of the term. 

8onne of the certificates returned by the Commissioners, to 
be found among the Lay Subsiilies* contain the names and 
nationalities of the aliens who were called upon to coiiirihule 
to the tax; and among them is thefolloffing: — 

ThJR indGnturo or ceHifi'-flie, made the 8th dnj of Jnni?, in tUo 17th 
jcre of the roig'iie of mir Hovcrai^ric lordo KiiiR Henry tlie MtU (1^^5), 
wjtneaciLli iLut WiUiiwt Pifiiche, linight. Richoid Covert. Eeqiiler, Jotm 
Wool/, unc] Wi/liiim Tirown^aj^ C<itiijf*iiii|prs itiic:l<jrifiji'd \ty i\w Khtgvfl 
lotlres patcntea, for the stib&ulj'G grnnteJ uhcIct our said s^vrai^e L<JTd 
Uic Kin^, abliid Inet-e jmrJi amenta Aud uppoyut^-'d to tbe To^?NB of Rye, 
fur the e(^s»3llgof &11 ulyene straonj^ere iiiLabltaEit^ uithiu llie ^aide Towp^ 
uf Ityt! ill lilt cuuiiliK afureaaid, to tJie Rteeiptof the Kinges MKchciner, 
«t WogtminEtcrT fur th« accoirntt tieroof, to he tuken of Atlam Stctttty 
collector, by tbc fiaid Couimifl^ioDors, auckiry^ed and cli^ckd by tJio aai 
lcbtre:i paUiit^Af for the rcceyvin^, Ai:couiptiiig. aud jjti^>iug of tlie fiftid 
RiHB^iLg, and pnytnprit of tlie ^idf^ubnidy tiito tht! Kin^en r^c«y1e of 1u9 
Eti-hi^qiit'r, at Wi^E^tmin^t^ir. to th« u^e of our sovprnigno L'^rdo th^ 
Ki]jgi\ into tlio handcs of the Trc&sourer of bid chambrc, the simips o 
rjr^uey of evory aUeJi tdraiigcr itihabilaiils, vfitbhi thtr faeide ToV'Ue of Ity 
B^ particularly and boly en^inolh. 

Iicpriaiis, of Winiiam Arras, Frtr\chma\i^ for hod monoj^ ^^- 

itt'Gi, of Jobn Prot, NffrmrM*^ in goodti mou t lOs. . 12'^* 

Item, of Philipp llolaod, Norman, fi:>r licde monej , l3* 

Iti.in, of ThomuG Cbliaardc, ^i^nciim-. in guodr?, £!) 3"- 

Itcm^ of Wdliflm FodiTiiif^hum, Hkot, fur theili? niCDty - 8'*- 

Iti'in of J!(irtylmuw Comer, Italtfcny for hod monoy . 8'*" 
NicWaB Juhn Burtuti \ja dead 

< Lny KubsitJica, I^b- BoH>rd Office, Suasci, iHO-lcC- 



4 
4 



^^^^^^^^P ALEENB m 


I5L ^1 


1 Item, oF John Paterfioo, Shot, for hedo money 


^^H 


1 Item, of Peter Gurarde, /VfTit^rwira, for hialo moucj 


^^H 


1 Item, of Andrew Gosaome, Shot, in goods mon, 4Ub. 


^^B 


1 Potur Goodman Burton la dcJo 


^^1 


^^^ Ittm, of Peter NicNolaa, Frcu':lieFiiiint for lit'du money 


^1 


^^B Item, of Jiilin Davjv, Frgnchi^man, for heijo mon4?y 


^H 


^^^ Item of Peter RussoIIt bur^onoin^ for hode money 


130- H 


L Iti^aii yf Nicolas Ul>rlc<j, FrcrtteAnva'i, ia wagca £3 


^1 


^^^ [tern, of Wiltlam King, Skirt, fur hudcj inuiivy . 


■ 


^B Itom, of William fJaliarde, Ffenc/iftnan, for hede, &c. 


__^M 


Jolm Veell 




^^^^H 


Jamos Patoraon 


Can not bo found 


^^^H 


Edmand Margate 




^^^^1 


Jnmea JolinBi^in Ih dede 


^^^^1 


Item, of William Kollarde, Frenchematj in ^o^Ia, 40e. 


^^H 


Item, of Julin TrolierJc, Fremhejuan, in goods, 40s 


^^H 


Item^ of Roy Leminot, in rady money, £,4 


^^^1 


Item, of James Vy<>B, Fre^c/iffiwin, for bcde moQoy 


^^H 


Jucob Trncmon | 


^^^^H 


Toprn Mayer > Oan not be founds 


^^^H 


Bryan JoUusqii ) 


^^^^H 


John Agoore, in goods, 15b. 


4°- ^^^1 


ItcTOf oT Pttcr Scell, J^r^ncAfmar», for hodc money 


^^H 


lUntt, of Robert Ego, FTcnchcnia/i, for hedcj money 


^^M 


Williftni Neoll 1 ^ , , , , 
F, >i .1 : Lqd net bo lonnde 
^L Kr>^r Math«w ) 

^^B IteiDf of liubardu Johneoa, in ^oodn, £B. 


^H 


^^H 


Iteukf of HoTmaci Camper for bede muDBj 


^^H 


Item, of (iporge llrvnnan, for hede money 


8"- ^^H 


IteO), of Herman Von iJurgh, in wugcB, £3 


^^H 


Item, of Uomcliua Lallllaon^ for bcdc money , 


^^H 


Item, offJtibii Foster, [a wftgea, liJH, 


1^- ' ^^H 


Item of Rabyn* , for hode money 


^^B 


Itenii of Francos HandoEf, in goodi^i -lOs. 


^H 


Jtcm^ of John Payuoom, for hcde money. 


^^M 


Itt-rn, of Mntliowe Vikmardo, in wngcK. -lOa 


^^^m 


Item, of John Eon^yfoyc, for hedo monuy 


^^^1 


Itom, of Henry Wayter, fof hcde monoy. . 


^^H 


lleiu, of John llnmoud, f^irheilc money . 


^^H 


r ' , J ..- I tavc not wLurewith to nay 


^H 


John Barbile, forhodc money 


^^H 


Item, of Gillim Riiaaell, fur heda nioncy - 


^^H 


Itom, of Albright Brand, in goodfl, 4U9, 


1^- ^^H 


Itom, of Crispyn Cromo, for hede money. 


^^H 


Iteoi, of Gudfrey Spayniar<i<', fnr hede money . 


^^H 


Item, of R\r.. Giirardtt, fur^wde nwJliey. , 


^^H 


1 Item, of Williaai Goorc, forhijde money - 


^^H 


^^h 'ffio. 


m 



152 



ALIENS IN RYE, 



Item, of 

Item, of 
Item, of 
Itom, of 
1 1 em, of 
Itenif of 
Itom, of 
Item J of 
Item, of 
Item, of 
Item, of 



Nicolaa Kofeajne, in gooda, 40b. 
Michaalt Philip, in gooda, X3. 
Peter Cowper, in goods, £B 
Adrjon Amolde, in goodfl, 40s. 

James* , for hede money 

Peter PiVw, for hede money 
John QyesHe, for hede money . 
Harmao Cam, for hede money • 

William ' — — , for hede money 

John — —- — > for hede money 



Adryan 



-, for hede money 
Bumma 



121 
3- 
3»- 

8- 

8- 
8^ 
fii- 
8*- 



58-- 8«' 



In wjtnesse whereof the said Comyasyonera to tbea preaenta have putte. 
ther Bcalya the day and yere aboTcsaid. 

The large number of those who paid the elghtpence head 
money, shows that the workmen were not paid yearly wages; 
and possibly therefore were only temporarily employed in the 
town. Those who paid for goods were settled tradesmen. 



a SLo. ' Bia. 



153 



HIGH RO.\DS IN SUSSEX, 

AT THE END OP THE SEVENTEENTH AND 

AT THE COMMENCEMENT OF THE 

EIGHTEENTH CENTURIEB- 



BY THE HEV, tDWARD TUENEft, M.A. 



In Volume XV[., p. 305, of these Collections, Mr. Blen- 
cowe has gnen as an amusing account of the "Paucity 
of Roads in Sussex iu 17-^1," takeo from a work called 
'^Britannia Depicta ; or, OgUby improved/' which was 
eilited hy John Oweu, gent., of tLe Middle Temple, in thiit 
yean Witli this Itinerary I wns wholly unacquainted until 
the last few weeks, when an abridgmeot of it was lent to 
me by Mr. Prince, of Uckfield. It ia entitled: — 

*' TLe TTflvc'ller'g QoMe ; or, n moat eiict description of the roads in 
Eiig^IiiiiJ ; boing Ur. Ogilby'u ocCuaJ sarvoy and mensiirAtioTi b^ the 
Trbcel of the great roads from London to oil the conaii^Jcrable citi^^e uid 
tonni^ iu Enu;liiiid and Wuleg ; together w^ith the croA^ ro^ds from one 
city, or eminent iiiVYL, to ancther, whert-tn is shi?WD the distuiee from 
pla<.'t' to plnc^f and piniu (iiri^ctiorLs ^^ea to lind tLo way, hy Slotting down 
evtTT tc^nj. Tillogp, rirer, broot, bridge, C(?aiinon, fore*t, wood, copee, 
heath, Tfjoor, Ac, that ooonr iu passing iho riiiuls- And for the belter 
illu*truliyu tbertMjf aro mlded tubleH, wherein the names of plat^dfl, wiili 
their dEstonucs, are «ot down in a columu in so pUin a niflnnorf that mere 
atnuigere may travel all uver E^i^Iaud witlout any utEicT guida," 



154 



HIGH EOADS IN 9U86EX. 



The name of the editor of ihis manual, which is an 8vo. 
volume of 2pi4 pageSj does not appear. It is, liowe/er, ^i 
printed in London for W. B-, wliich are the initials of William ^M 
Bray, of Exet^ir Court, near Exeter Change, in the Strand, ^1 
1>/ whom the abridgment might have been made; for he ^j 
was a nmn of much literary taleat, and a popular publisher; ^M 
and amonpst the namts of the twentj-one bookRellers, liy ^^ 



whom it is stated to be sold is R- 



that is, liernard 



I 



Lintott, of whom an account is given by Mr. M. A. Lower, 
in Volume YIU^ p, 276, of our Collections, No date is 
added in the first title page^the title page, that is, to th« 
description of the roiids; but in that of the fiec<md part — 
for the manual is in two partj^ — the title page that precrdea ^^ 
the tables, has the date 1712- The copy before me has on tbo^^ 
fly-lcnfthc folic wing mcraorandiim;—"Pret; 00—02—06— ^ 
Geo: Courthop, Septr. 30, 1712," shewing that he pur- 
chased tlie hook the year it was puhlished. Below Mr 
Ctmrt^ope's name is '* J. Strotber, ex dono G. C," These two: 
gentlemen were, I believe, brothers- in-law- 

From the preface to this volume we learn thwt Ogilby 
Survey and Descriptioti wits undertaken by the expre 
command, and at the expense, of King Charles II.; and that 
his eoraraission was executed with great promptitude and esii 
actness; be '* having with indefatigalile pains and industry 
finished and delineated the rondsinanhumired maps, to which ^j 
are prefixed descriptions of all the places he passed through. ^| 
He dedicated the work to his Royal Patron, — ' that judicious ^^ 
Prince/ bs he calls liim — and pjiblished the whole in a large 
folio volume, A. D, 1(>75/* It then goes on to state why it w 
afterwards puldished in its abridged form : — 

'* The work/' it apppsra. ^'waa recoipeil witli general appUa«e; butth 
charge of cogrflTing tlie ma|)P had ao TQUch cnbnnccd the pnco of th 
hook., tliflL il cmue iutu but few hnndfi; anU, e^iitcialbs the hiilfc at it ren- 
dered it nnlit for the qs<* fur which it spema ta have been piir[x>B©lj com- 
piled—I nifiuu tho direction of trnveUcta — wbcrufore, eiacc it is on &U 
handa RrariteJ to be a work cxi'eediiiglj useful tn that parpose, it is Loped, 
that iht! reducing it into this jiocket-voluiut " — ca^aciouHiu day^ofnld, bo 
it ob&erved, inuflt bavo bG^Ti th? pocket that would nccomTHodate even tha 
iLbridgciGQti — *^will be au acc<!ptaltL> service to those persons ^ho^eoccaaioas 
reqaire them tu trareb 




HIGH ROAJ>S IN BUeSEX. 



155 



iibridged in substaiico *& vnU *£ iu bulk, it Ja oL-ctiaearj to Esauro him tbut 
tht? dHHcripUuLH bertf Bro Terlially the same as in tbt fiilio; except ool/ 
th«t iQ this esHtirtn Ihe stjfe in rendered mj}rc intetligibJe/* 

Tills waa an alteration, as will beprcsentlyseen^muclirequireil: 
^* as well 1*3 its beingujade mora concise; and several abbrevia- 
tions aremiLdeiiseof, to bring the matter into due bounds. Tbus 
the render Ijasiii this small vohiuie'' — -sm^i^, certainly, whvn 
coiupiiretl with the bulky fnlioj of which it is iin nbriilg- 
ment — " Mr. QgUby's descriptions of the roads of KnglEtnd 
and Wales entire. Nor ore the maps totally wanting ; fop 
the Tables at the latter end contain ttlso all the names of 
places and directions for travelling that are set down in 
them. And npnii the whule, the tniveller is here furnisht^d, 
at sniiill expense, with a guide, that will comlric-t biin 
through oil the principal roiids of England: great care has 
been taken in cori-ecting the press, so that it is hoped no 
capital faults have escaped." 

'Ihe distances of the roada front London are measured. 
from the Standiird in Comhill; the Standard mile adopted 
being 1760 yards, or 8 furlongs. The roads meiiaured and 
described are 73 in number, of which 31 are from London, 
and 42 from capital to capital. Of the 73 road?, 5 only are 
in Sussex; of these, four are from London, viz., I, from 
London to Arnndel ; 2, fronj London to Newhaven, with a 
continuation to Shoreham ; 3, from London to Rjej 4, from 
London to Chichester ; 5, from Oxford to Chichester, which 
passed through a sniaU portion only of that part of Weetern 
Suases whieh borders on Hsimpshire. 

As in ( ^gilhj'sdescriplion of these roads, there is much de- 
serving of the notice of the Sus&c^x Archaeologist, not only as 
shewing their deep ami miry, and in many plaees impassable 
state, even so late as the end of the Roventeeiith, and, per- 
haps, to the middle of the eighttvuth century — Ogilby more 
than once advises the traveller quietly, and 1 have no doubt 
wisely, to break oil' the road either to tlie right hand or to 
the left, to avoid the mud— hut also as shewing the state of 
Susses with regard to towns, villages, gcnllcrocu's seats, cul- 
tivation, ic, &c. ; as well as the circuitous routes the 



X 2 



156 



HIGH KUADS IN SUSSEX* 



traveller was often obliged bo take to accomplish his journey 
through some parts of the county. It also enews its criininul , 
condition at that time, *'the gallows" being a frcqiieut^fl 
mark of direction to the wayfarer. I propose, then, to give^^ 
Ogilby's tlescription of iLose parts of his rojids which puns 
through SussRx, *hat it may be seen what perils and 
dangers our gruitdfnthcrs and grcat-grandJUthcrs were ex- 
posed to, and what difficuUies they hftd to encounter in their 
peregrinations from one place in the county to anoihen 1 
was doubtless iu refi^rence to these dangei's, that a Susst', 
man h said, at this early period, to have made his last will 
and testament, if he had not already done so, before he en- 
countered a journey to Lftndon ; that he gave directions forj 
his interment ; and that he took before he started an afiec- 
tiounte farewell of his wife and family- Of the hisiory ol 
the cuacbiiig days, fixmi Lewes to LonJon a century ago, Mr, 
ISlencowe gives us an amusing account. To his descriptions 
Ogilby adds a few historic notices. Few as the roads wci 
in his time, we are probably indebted to Susses being 
maritime county tor those few; and U is probably to the 
paucity of roads in Sussex during his rtign, that Ogilliy'i 
Koyal Patron owed his life, by tlie uninterruprcd facility il 
gave him of escaping to France. 

Ogilby's folio volume^ which is now become a scarce book," 
is called "Britannia ; or, an Illustration of the Kingdom 
of England and Dominion of Wales 5 by a geogniphieal and 

deecribes himself OS ^' His Majesty's Cosmogrnpher and Master H 
of His Majesty's Roads in tht: Kingdom of Ireland/' Of" 
his style, which the author of the abridgment tells us be has 






historical description of the principal roads thereof, &c/' He 

LSt^r 
Of 
>haa 
n aa 
a lair specimen: — "Having disprjsijd ol all the principal 
roads into a century of whole-sheet copper sculpts; divided, 
the same into direct, from London to the sevei'al cities otn 
great towns ; and cross, from capital town to capital town;' 
and subdivided the first into independent and dependent ; 1 
and the seamd into principal and aecldental, — we begii^^| 
with direct independents, and according to aTphalfeticalordef^^ 
shew in the first plaoe, &c." XhLs order 1 sliall follow^ and 
comincnce with ~' 



nis style, wntcn tne auiaor 01 rne uoriugment tens us nenaa^y 
'^ rendered more intelligible," the following may be taken aa^| 
a fair specimen: — ^' Ilavinir dlsnrjsed of all the minripal^^ 



BIGH SQADS IN SUSSEX. 



137 



"The Road fpom London to Abukdel. 

" The point of bearing 13 S>W. by S. ; the direct horizontiil 
distance, 49 mites ; tlie vulgar computation^ 4G miles ; the 
di mensuration, 55 miles and 4 furlongs. Continuation from 
Arundel to Cliidiester, 8 computed 5 10 miles 4 furlongs 
mcufiured miiea. Middlesex, Surrey, and Sussex include the 
whole road; and the Thames, Mole, Oke, Arun, and Lavatit, 
are the principal rivers passed over, affording nn indifferent 
way, but good entertainment. The road we describe is by 
Darking, jet some will pass Ly Hijrslnun, three or four miles 
to the left ; and others travel through the more frequented 
way, on the left to Dnrking, hy Stretham^ Mitchani, and 
Sutton, Thus much in geuenil. The turnings to be avoided 
are, in Sussex, for I omit those in 9njrr(?y and Middlesex, 
84 m. 7f. the left to Hnr^liam ; SS m. 2 f. the left by Sciew- 
bridge, uniting again; 45 m. 4 f. the right to Pulborow, 
6X m. 4 f. the left; 53 ni. 5 T the right to Chichestiir. 

Prom the Standard in ('ornbiU, London, doiig Grace- 
church Street, Fishstreet Hill, over London Bridge, and 
through Sonthwark, a siiiiill interval brings yon at 1 m. 
4 f. to Newington, of 2 f. extent; at the end of which 
the acute way on the right to Kingston, Guildford and 
Portsmouth branches out ; and another at the gallows' to 
Stretham ; and thence to Lewes and Newhaven, by Croydon 5 
or t*> Arundel, by iloi-shain or Dm-king. Heuce over 
Clapham Heath, you come, at G m, 4 f,, to Towting- 
beck, a small village; and» at 7m., pass through Towting- 
gravcney, a villiige of 2 f." (Upper and Lower Tooting). 
*' Whence an indirect way brings yon, at 10 m, 2 f., to 
Moredon, another little villHge; and. leaving Nonsuch on the 
left— sometime a stately louse of the kings^ built by Henry 
VIIL — you paaa through Ewel, at 14 m.> a small market 
town, of about 2 T,; and, at 15 m. 4 f., through part 
of Ebesharu» vnlgo Epaoni, a town much frequented for its 
inedieinul waters ; the Well lying 3 f. on the right, at 16 m, 
6f. Then, going on, at 19 m- 3 f., you enter Leatherhead, 

1 Tliew ^llodi nrs dftBcribed fn ths nalefacrfm apprehended ia the Gounff 
ncciuni of the roniL fmm Lfjinkm to oi Suawi, ftnif cijiivicti.^d!il.3uuUivark." 
NewliJivciL na "the i>Uco «f exwuliuo uf 



158 



UIGQ KUADS 1^ SUSSEX. 



of 3 f, IB length, uffurding good eiitertainraent ; whence, 
bearing to the left, und passing at 1^ I m. 5 f., through Mii^kle- 
Laoi, t\ village of 2 f,, one mile further you cross the Mole 
River, near to the plnce where it has n subterranean passage 
for a mile or two; and ecter Darking, alias Darkin, at 24 m. 
1 f., a large town of good reception, on a branch of the 
Mole, with a noted market on Thursdays, especially for fowl,&c. 
From Darking, over aliill of S f» height, succeeded by another 
flscent, and woody on each side, you come to Cold Harbour- 
hill, till asceut of 3 f., but desceut of 1 m,, and tl^ence ut 
30 th. to Stone Street, ascattering villnge; wheTice a Cause- 
way of 2 m., part of the Old Rouian Portway, called Staney 
Street" (Stone Street), "near to which is Okeley, or Aclea — so 
called from the number of oaks p;rowing about it — where 
King Ethelwald, sou of King Egburt, obtained an t-niinent 
victory over the Dnnes,^ leads by a small descent, at 30 m 7 f,, 
to Okewood Bridge, Then, ascending Okewood Hill, you 
enter Sussex at 33 m. 7 f. ; the forward way lending through 
Honey Lane, to avoid the dirtiness of which bear to the 
right ; and at 34 m. 7 f. the forward way on the left leads to 
Ilorsliam, about 3 m, distant, agood borough and market town, 
SO callcdfroai llorsa, brother of Hengist. 'Tis governed by 
two baylifis, electing parliament men, and it is the place 
where the county gaol is kept, omitting which you come to 
Hohook Village, where you have again a different way to the 
left. Hence througli a copse, at 36 m. 4 f,, you cross the 
Arun River, and leave Detsun IMace'' (DeJisham, in Hlinfold, 
formerly the seat of the Blounls) *' on the left, the last- 
mentioned way uniting at 37 m. 5 f. ; whence a direct road 
at Buckman-Corner Village leads, at 4 1 m, 1 f., into Billings- 
hurst, of 3 f, Tbeuce through a small village called Mulsey, 
and over Newbridge, and Pulborow Coninion, where you 
descend for 'd f. ; pass over Wickfurd Bridge and, at 47 lo- 
G f, through Wickcnholt, a small village- and afterwards by 
Parliam Park, belonging to Sir Ueeil Bishop, and the Place 
on the left, you come to Parham, a little village, where three 
successive descente convey you, at 51 ni., into Auiherley, & 
reasonable thoroughfare of 3 f- At 52 ra. 2 f., over Hough<>- 



'There vat a CaBtle hflre 'forrriFrly, l^e niuaL of wbii?lk ia hCIII 
near the chuwh- 



Lti b« MOtl 



HICH ROADS IN SUSSIilX. 



150 



k 



ton Bridge, you cross tlie Ainin RiTer; iind 4 f- farther pass 
through llougbton, of 2 t\ wlieacc, after an ascent of 3 f., 
you come to Arundel, at 55 m, 12 1, by the way of Mury 
Gate ; and from thence to the Bridge, 16 t "Pis an ancii^nt 
borough town, styatod on tht* N.W, of the Arun, aver which 
it has a fair wooilen bridge, where ships of 100 tons may 
ride. It is govern cil by n mayor, 12 burgesses, a steward, 
&c» ; has a great market on Thui^days, aud a smaller one on 
Saturdays, and four fairs annually, via., on May 3rd, August 
10th, September 14tb, and December 6th. It enjoys a good 
triide ; several ships being here built, ftSj of latii, * The Society,' 
and ' Mary/ &c. The Castle, which was famous in Snxou 
times, having the honour of an liarldom entailed upon the 

Sossessors of it, and which ifi now in the noble family of 
toward —Earls of Arundel, and Dukes of Norfolk — is seated 
on the east of (Jig Tfime^* (this is s. mistake for west of the 
Antn), " and reputed to be 1 ra. in compass. From Arundel, 
you pass throiigli the Old FUh Market and Watergate, by 
Hook wood" (called in tlje map RooVs Wood)** on the left, and 
Arundel Great Park to thtJ right, — the little one lying 
between Mary Gate and the Castle ; at 2 ni, 7 f., you 
descend Amaford" (Aviaford) " Hill, of 4 f. ; and, at4 m., pass 
over Mackrcl'a Bridge ; then by the Half-way-tree, through 
Crocker Hill, a small village, at 6 ra. 5 f. Thence by 
Boxley" (Boxgrove) "Chui'ch, at 7 m. ; and Sir William 
Morley'fl House on the right (Halnaker), and Taugmere on 
the left ; and, at 8 m. 2 f, p:Lss tbrorigh Maudlin, a scatter- 
ing village ; till, by Plampnet Church on the right, and tbe 
Place on the left, you cross the Lavant River ; and, at 9 m. 
6 f., enter the suburbs of Chichester, which is sealed in a 
phiin, and on tbe same river, near its confluence with the sea. 
It is A city indifferent largo, contiiiuing four parish churches 
within the walls, besides the Cathedral, and one without 
Eostgate, and another without Westgatt' ; both demolished 
in tlie late Civil Wars. This City hath four gates, looking 
toward* the four Cardinal Points, to which the four princi- 
pal sti-eets lead, and are esilled E. Styect, W. Street, N- 
Street, and S. Street. 'Tis governed by a mayor, recorder, 
aldermen, Ac,; sends burgcascs to Parliament; hath two 
■welhfurnishel markets weekly— one on Wednesday, the 



160 



CICH BOAbS IS SUSSEX, 



Other on Saturday^ which are noted to be the greatest for fish 
in the county; and five fairs annuctUy, viz.j on April 23n 
Whitsun Monday, Jidy 25th, Michaelmas Day, and one nini 
days aftcFj called Slow-fair. 

*^ Backward turnings to be avoided ; at the end of Maudlii 
the loft to Petworth ; in Amberley, the left, &g-" 

With regard to this road, it must have been at tins time 



much of it^ and particularly the Sussex part, ^' an indiflcrenj 
way," indeed; for besides the difficulty arising from the rmxi 
of Honey Lane, at the entrance into the county from' 



way, ' indeed; for besides the difficulty arising from the miia^| 

m^^ 
Surrey, to avoid which Ogilby prudently advises the travel- 



ourrey, ro avoia waico ugnoy pruaenuy aiivises toe iravei-^j 
ler to " keep to the right,^' the road fioui Billingshurst t^^B 
the foot of the South Dawns must have been almost iiiipass-^^ 
able. In no part of tie county were the roada deeper in 
mud, even within my recollection, than in the northern part 
of Piilborough and the parishes westward of it; tliey were 
regular honey-pot lanes, all of th[?m. If you once got int o i 
them you would stjinil but little chance, in Sussex parlance, ** ^'^l 
getting cUan out of them again." A resident of Ditchling^* 
once told a relative of mine that he had gone " clean through" 
one of the worst Ittnes in Bolney; on which event my rela- 
tive congratulated him; adding that from her knowledge of 
the state of that and other lanes in the parish, she should 
have thought it impossible for him, or anyone else, to huvi 
done so. Charles, King of Spain, in a visit to Fetworl 
House, in 1703, was six hours in travelling the last nim 
miles. Nor were the roads in the eastern part of the couut; 
much Ijetter- At the time Sir Herbert Springett resided al 
Broyle Place, in Kingmer, so bad were the roads in that 
parialij that he was obliged to be drawn to chui'ch ou a 
Bunday by eight oxen. And Daniel de Foe, in hi^, 
Tour through Great Britain, which he published in 172' 
thus amusingly describes his journey from Tunbridge Weill 
to Lewes : — 

"I trarellod dirougli the dirtieat, baiiin mAixf WAja, thetichcstiindnii 
proSuble country in ull tliati imtt uf En^lAUil. The tFiubiir I fiuvr liera wj 
proili^ioiie, us well in quaiitily as in Wi^n^ne ; ftinl aet^atctt m some plflcea 
bo butfcrcd to ^ro^r i>»lr bocause it waa go ftr from any imvj^iLLioii, th^t U 
wfts not wortlj cutting Jown and carrying awuy. Iq dry smuincrt, iDdet- 
a grBut lieu] in ixiuvi^juiJ io Muidstone, am\ nLbcr pWeii uii the MedwAj; 
&nd oometimas I have «een ono true on a cArring^i nbioh tbey cbIJ in Shr^b; 




BlGfl niiADS ra fiUftSEX. 



lOL 



amg, (fracrntiy twpnty-tnfi nv^n : kml, (^cn tlicn. U is cnrriGrl so lit.tln a 
vray, and thrown down, and left for other tiigB to take up ftiidoorry on, tliat 
eomettmcs it ja two or tlirefl years be fore it ^ete to Chuthiim- For, if once 
the. Tuing cotiro on, it t^tfrs no [nore iLat >par ; and J^ometimnir n trhole 
Biimmer i^; not dr^ i>iiough to tnakv the roads paxRAUlf. Hi'rf I had a 
fiigbt Miieh, iiidcod, 1 aevor aiw in Any othflT part of Englnml l>."fora — 
nftniely, that poin^' to achnrch at acounttj yiHue^r, not fftr from Len-cs, 1 
snw mi nncieiit lady, nnd a lady of very gi>od *iuaULv, I aosu™ yon. drawn 
tri rlinrch in horcoBoL hy six osen ; nor wft= if dono in frolipfc or hnniour, 
bill fTonii^liiH>T UDUo^ity, tho v&y being go stilf ikiid deep tlat no horflCH 
ctiold go in it.'' 

Ami Jiiflitli. tlic wi<iow of Sir Richjird Shiriey of Preston, 
whose second husband Wiis 8ir. Heury UtLtsel], p. Kt-ntifili 
Knight, directetl hy her will^ diited Jimuary 10th, 1 728, rind 
]>nivcd in Doctor's Commons tlie following yenr, tliat her 
body slumld be harieil at Preston, if she should die at 
such a time of the year as th«t the roada thereto ^-cre pass- 
able ; elae, ^vhere her executors shi^iild think fit. Dying in 
June, Uer wishes were abiL* tu iit- comiiliud with. Aad p;oing 
bai:,k to the reign of Htnry VIII., so bad were the roftds in 
ev[»ry part of the county, that in a little rhyming piece, 
entitled, '^ Here sucth tht- jiroperties of the Shyres of Eng- 
lumV' which was published by Thomas Ucarne, at the 
beginning of ihu fifth volume of Leiand's Itinerary, the 
Sussex roads are thus mail<^ to chttraciterize the county — 

" fouwha full oS dyrt nod myre." 

But to return to the road from London to Arundel and 
Chichester. Leaving tlie dirt uf Pulborougb, the traveller 
soiilbward would enter n dislrirt e<]U!dly deep In sand. Over 
Wickeuholt Oommon and throngli Parhaiu there woiihl have 
been Qo direct road, l^etwecn luiokham and Amberley the 
XOfld would pass along the bed of Mahn Rock, which lies at 
the foot of the chalk hills ; und therefore would l>p very 
passable. The travelling would also be very fair over that 
part of ihe line of road which con^titules the Reman Stone, 
or Slane-Street, or Portway, aa 0;:ilby calls it; of the 
southern portion of which the bto Mr* Martin, of Pul- 
borough, has given us a vrry alaborute and interesting 
ai:couiit III Volniup XL, p. 127, The Romans, judging from 
the specimens of their ways left us in Sussex, were not 
superrtcial roail miiltere. Wherever, indeetl, any of their 



1G2 



HIGH BOADS LS SUSSEX. 



ways still exist, thej arc, for the most part, as good now a? 
wb(?n they were at first constructed. Warton, tlm puet- 
laiireate and liistoriuu^ of Kiddington^ in Oxford^tjire, of 
wliich he was the incumbent, availed liiriisclf of a visit which 
lie miide in 1775, to Slynfuld, near Hoi-sham, through which 
this Pcrtway pusses for g. distance of about two milea, ^H 
eijiniine its form iind peculiar mode of constructioTi j tli^^ 
result of whicli he hiis given i:i his Ijistory, He etato thut 
he saw many deep fissures ni:Lde in it iu a lane in this parish, 
ftnd that he found the dor?ium^ which was not intended for 
heavy carriages, to conaiet of sea-griivcl and sen-pebbles, 
which ftbcund on the Sussex Coast, for a depth of ahout three 
fi'et, Mnd a widtli of al»out seven yards. ^^ Thes<^ minute mut^^y 
liala/' he observes, '* which are of heavy carriage, must hai^H 
heen umnsscd with pntdiglou^ labour," Mr> Martin, ho^v^^ 
ever> who was intimately acquainted wltli the geologic^^ 
structure of Western Sussex, and puMished much upon i|^| 
thinks flint the gruvd of which this Roman ii^ad wjis con- i 
stnicted Wiis not brought from the sea-side, hut from tl^^ 
gravel-heds which prevail in the s^mdy district around Ptj^H 
borDiigh ; pits of wbich arc still worked at Coldwaltliaiu anc^^ 
Coates, -* Tiiis natural bed of drift/' he adds, *' is rare uf 
its kind ; and an object of great curiosity in what nuiy 
called the topognipliienl geology of the Weald.'* And wh< 
the old Komaa road from Aidringtun tu London was dii 
Covered, and in several places cut through— particularly 
draining the Ham Farm, in Clayton, nhout six years aj 
wfien I liad llic *jpportunity of examining it — it displayed 
very similar results, Knowle is stated to have been gir* 
hy Queen Elizabeth to the Sackville Family, '^on account 
the foul ways in Sussex, ' wbich made access to Biickhiiri 
their Sussex residence, neurly impracticiihle in winter. Ai 
so late as the yenr 1818, Uishop liuckner thought it ni 
sary to advise a gentleman, whom he had ordained in 
Noveniher of that year as curate of AValdron, to lose 
time in ^oing there; for in the course of a very short time 
would find it impoBsihle to do so. 

The next Sussex Road, measured and described by Ogill 
was that from London to Newhaven, with a coiitinnation 




Li[CH ROADS 1\ SLSSEE. 



1671 



Ni*w Shorehiim, SJi-insVumi, at thiit time, witli its well- 
known liiirbour, luul itu diitjcc ooeiiiuunicatiati witb Lo^idoii, 
Of tbis road, 1 sUall only give tlie part passing through 
Susses : — 

*' The poiut of bwnng," Ub aflys, " ia i>oiiCli ; tlia Jtrvot horiKoatiJ 
diatnnW! b -tlJ milca ; tb-; vulpar flomfutfltion, 45 milcH ; Ibe dimouflvirht- 
tiou» JiO inilofe 4 foilQits*- Tbe cotitinufltion fvooi Xcwbavctj to Briglii,- 
helnist in, 7 cumputcd^ 9 mfla^iinvl nifliw^ anil 1 f. From thp rritig to Now 
ShorubarQj 12 oomptitod, IG m^^isorod miloa, Middltsex^ Surrey^ onj 
B<i«aajt include tbe wb(j!a ronJ^ nud Lhu Tbame^, a branch of tbc Medwav, 
ftoi tbo jmtiquBttd Ouae, tliat runs hy Lewt** U* NewUftvi-n. are r,!hii 
rivere crosaorJ over. The rowl is ijicfoniiiikrhbly frrtquf?rited, nor coin- 
tuendftblo for itfl gowlness^ txwpl fi»r entertaiumopt. Acuto tumiiigd to 
bo uroidcd ; 31 lu- 2 f., ia Apbdown Fore:*t, tiie left ooiitc; 44 m. '' (., 
tlie n^ht ki DJlcliling-. over Oh;itley Nortb Coimuou" (possibly tbero was 
no passable road frrwn t-bis Commoii to Cifkfield nt tbin titue); '* 5-1 m. 
7 f,, tbfl rijht down tlie hill. In the eoolioUBtioa to ShorohAm : »l 1 4 
m., tbo right to Staning; at 15 m^ I f., tho n^Ut fgrward to Old 

Fi'oai the Sbind^ud in Corahill to Dorking the ruad is the 

same as to Arundel, 

** At 24 m. 4 L, enter S*?W' Ch&ppell-gr«;t] VilUgF, of 5 T. Whence 

liM^ing bj % hhiaII wno'l on thr* htt, aruasUig a bniok at 2l5 ni. 7 i% yon 

ueead for 3 f. und ^n[«r Sum«x ju^ at 2A di. ; n brYX>k. nr smnli nllr 

irith a bridge rt\-Qr it, ccdlod Folbril^, scparaliiig it from Surrey. Thtn 

by the ^ollons^ pua U» Eo^t Unmttcad« or Gr«aD$tfail, at 2U m. 4 f* 

whprc tho Aflfriites for the couwiy nrt*. iisiiallj bell. The town, which la 

Irntf n jidEe m lirngth^ and emintctly t^vutcd, k j^ovenad by a bnyliff, ^c; 

eloctj p&rliaiuent nii^n ; und liOB a ^oud market oq Thuredayfl. beyond 

'ihe town, debctrndin^ a liill uf 4 f., ^<jil t^titet the Foival uf A^hdonn, at 

'31 111' n f. : and down another bill uf 4 f. yiiii pa.^^ in th& bottom thd 

iJlunll vdla^'e of Forest Uuw ; from vshi^rice} <>□ the lop o^ an jiBticnt, at 

;34 iD-T yon pAdfl by Jb Stooe Quarry oii tbir left ; aiiJ doaccnd at -ib m. o f, 

)for balJ a lailt;. At SI ni. 4 f. yun pao^ tLiougb a j5djb1I villng^j called 

'SheHTetd Gtvl^ ; and at IJH ai. cinae Ui Dane Hill^ a dcRC^ent of 4 f," 

Hei*0 Ogilby is uuiier a uiistake; Dane Hill comes fii'fit, 
[[wd tbc- dest^ent is froru this to Sbedidld Greeu. 

■' At ^^ m- li f . yru [inss by ik>mL! bouhua on ihc k>ft ; and at 40 m. 

J|8 f-, uroBa a small rill"[tho Onae^now navipablc]; ** whence, by a wood ou 

tha loft, lui irregular roaJ, crtiiSbiug nnuLber rill, at 43 m, ^ f.. I@av9a 

Chaihy on tbo right; and conveys yort overanothpT brook at 45 ui. & f.; 

and through a Bmnll wooJ ; and at 47 lu- over another, all brancheB ta 



* Those ealtowa were prDbaltly tht 
plioe at f lecutiuiLQf orimi(xnlACimricti.'d 
and noatri-nced to d?n1h at Eti^t Urio- 
Hteod, at tlivtJm«wLuathi:AiiFa£et fcrthc 



&)uiitj »pru E^nerally held therp ; the 
h4iJDirif£ij£ihuruqihdFicrn[i)]; Ihc Jui]|:rB 
from AltdufLiDM to ptnctratfl farUiu 

Y 2 



1G4 



UlGll EOAU& IS SIJ6?iEX. 



the Onue. At 4?i m., you jm** tbrungh Uffatn Street, ji rillago of 2 f.^ 
and at a qnnrtcr of n mile beyond ttiie oecoiDd a kill of ^ f, ; and, de-' 
Bceiiding again at 41) m. G f., color Iiowes, seated on thi' Qusc River i * 
pliu-v i>f guod knLii]uitv; liLr^e^ wi>l| IxiiU, anil VfW inhnbiind, cvULluiuin^ 
BIX pftmli I'liiirriioi, and eiteemeil tho Uest bortnigli-iown utthn county, 
'Tifl btnutiiiud with divora linndj^rjme ttrciite, nod ba^ eadi v\j very I'mir 
euburbs; elects pttrtiuiiitnt uieo , and bos a Rood trudt, with a well-' 
fretiueiitL^d matLct 4^11 t^uliirdjiys- Tbth |>lur-i> is cmirifNE. fur i\iP Mini it 
bfld nndtT King AlhoUliLDo, nnd for a blowiy battol fongbt aKi^mat Kini; 
Hpnry Ul,, by the dirilovQl Imroiifl, wio mft togetbc'r ic a hudtile manner 
ill ibe Castle bcr?, Lt-uvirjg lUe main Ujwd oh tbe left, a g^r&igbt roi 
iriikgH ynii hy Ivi^r (Ifonl) on the Itft, jit ^2 ni.^ Ut a housi) ur iwu on UiD 
rij^ht, oailcd KurtJi- licse ; and about 5 f. fnrcfaer to an 4St:ent of 5 f> ; «t 
tho fuotof whJob licfl Eadmel; and at tbo top, St. Loea | South eae«), eftck 
about 2 f. to the left. WLence, by the edge of n deacent to tlie righl. 
y<iu ]mss, Bl 55 m. 6 f, tbrougli FiiMenhoo, n village of £ f, fic^it^d 01 
the river ; and about 1 m, farthtir onter Mewharen, situated i»t tbe moutU 
of the farn mentioned Qufio Itiver ; but the unmo of tbo rivor ia now olwo- 
let^, aa Polj-Olbion obfceived ]iBret*dun\' Tlie towu ia mjii^U, inhabited 
cbisdy by Tnarilim pi'ople, having a key on the <'a.st side i.if il, whoro ships 
may ride, the liikrbour being acconut^d ri?aaonat»U good for eecahly of 
TCHSHile in foiiJ weather, vrhicL tl^eac fieas arc fr-fqiirntly exposed lo. Back- 
ward lurriingstobe avuidL-d: H f. from Ne^v Bhtfrchflni, llii' Itft to Staoiuy; 
apainat Chailey, tbo right to Nnwich" — a mistJike for Newiek ; — " 3 ni_ 
5 r ehort of Dane HiD, the right to t'lelciiingi fj f, short ot ^heffiolil 
Orecn; an J Just at ihe foot *>f I>ai^« Hill, tbo right to t^hcflleld 
Mace/' 

*' The continuation to New Shofeham ■ fmra Newhavpn ytiti hnvo ft 
very struight riad to Nev Shor{'hiun, for, after 3 CO., yoti continue on 
the ttea const, jiflHsing undi^r Mor&teagc, and SaltJean Hilta ; and, leav 10^ 
Ratt^ndean (tlottingdean) Cliitrcb and Eekcon uU ou the ri^ht, you are 
conveyed at 'J m. ^ f, to Brighthplmj;toHi?, iudifffn^nt large nnd popnloiiB, 
chioHy inbabited by tinbrjrnieii ; rtith a email market on IburEdaye, and A 
reasou&ble good L&rlrour. Tbo town liee mo^i to the right, being only 3 
f. nn tJie nmA ; whence at 1<) m 5 f., by Hoi>vo on the righi, one aiUa 
fartfaeri you pass Ald^rtou (Aldrington) lieaeoD^ leaving Aldeitun, 
Angtoton (Hoiigleton), and Porltrladc eueceBflively to the right, to vhidi 
band indimngyou leave Week" (6outb\iicke)" and Kinj^oton belwueii you 
and the lea ; and at lam. 1 f, tnm fihort Co the U'ft, ientering New 
Shoreliam'" [to dj^tiugmeb it from Old Sborvham, bard by] ^^ at 15 m- G f. 
a town eorporatCi sending barg^asee Lo ]iarliaii]<<nt, but not cnjoybg tho 
benefit of a market. It cAtends abyut 4 f. ou the euat aide cf the creek 



4 
I 



* Draytoo^a 1Ipb» alluded to ate— 
" BUI dQW the OilK, B nT!uU!i nf T«T •amrni 

9p tDuclii wul tliFrBirJtlL ua iriia mi a^atflJutilL 

Tha.lbira\i nuM ibo Kom'd rTtonU pqbUcUj 

1m kivDWii, 
WboH hhtA out oT mmd wli^b, ■■ It iiluuflt 

ETQiTp 



The Ut^lr-iiUKd timet flftmnlutQ tht NpV." 

Treviijua U> ihe formatluu of tlic liJflW^ 
Havcq, lioui nluuli u iimtf£ ite preacnli 
t>0ine, lilt: placa wttaculiud Mcohya^ or 
Muwluug. 



HIGH RJ^IDS LV SUSSEr. 



Ub 



or t}ie Ecii on thfl AiTur River, if Mr, Drayton bas bit rig-lit on the Qiuiifl^ 
AQtl would be Kull fr&jiented wore LLs harbonr better. 

I know not how better to illiutnite Ogilby'a account of 
Brighton nt the time his survey was m;tJe, than by givmg u 
letter of tlir Rev. William Clurk, rector of Bu:^teil, Ut his 
friend, Mr. Bowyer, in London; and duti^d July 2iiid, 17y<>, 
at wliidj time he wtia sojonrnin^ ut this, at that time, " in- 
diflyreiit hirgi! HnJ pcjjm!i.»us pljii.e/' but now tliu queen of 
TTAteriiig pLhces. it is writteu in his usunl facetious and 
jocular manner. 

" Wti are now," L* saja, " aunning oaraclves upon ibe beaoh at 
Brif^bthelinHtiioc, oiii^ rrfjeemng what a leraptir^- figiire this islnnrl raiHt 
havu inadi' in thi^ cv^b of those gantlemeu who m?r« flea^ud lo Lu-ku th^ 
trouble ordTLlising nod auLrhiin^ ua. The plaoi: i^ rcallj plt^aaant ; I Jmr-J 
lei^u JiotLiitg 111 itd nuj tUiit rcullj (jUt-Joc'i ti ; eucL i trnct uf ttca, KiicL 
regions of 4?c»rn, and such an csti-nt of fine cnqit^, Ihat gh-ps ynnr fiyp Ito 
eouLUkand i>r it all. Bul, then ibfl mkc-lucr ij^, that vre bav'i» little to do ^ 
iro hrivo liltle conversatiou b^^aidc the clamcr rnuritimvSy vhich here ia a 
Eort of trvbk to the plasldiig *ii tho wavi's agaicist the cViffs, My morn- 
ing tusins^s irt UaChltig lu the son, and thi-n buying S^b ; nnd mj erenitig 
occupation in riding onl fur Air, vii>wing the ohi Saxon eBJCiiB^ and count- 
ing the fihipa in the roud, and thv IroaU ihat nri^ trawling. ^omctimeA vre 
gire the imaginabiun Icav^e U> extiutiate u little ; nud to faucj thot jon are 
floming down: and th:it vq inlond not ^v^k to dine onf* day at Die|ip<T 
m Normandy. The price is already fiKed, and the win? and lodging there 
lolerably good. But tlioii^L we build ij^fitlus in tho air, I aaaurc you we 
liv'o here undergrotuid ulniodt. I fnnt;j Lhu nrdalucttt nclunlly taki] tho 
■kitwde of the inhabitftoTa, and haying done so, they Inne nut an inuU 
botweou the bend nnd the ceihog; aad then drripping n -^tep or two tuilow 
tho flurface, the aeooml &ti>rj la liai^bed, po^nt-'thing under l'^ feet. 1 
fiuppijse this wiw a netessary prft^aotion agaiiiBt stonnd— that a man 
should not bo blown out of hia bed uito Nuw l^nglund, IlHrbarj, nr Gnd 
knowid vfheren Bnt n^ tho lodgiugE aro luw, Ihuy are cboap. Wo bate 
two parlonrs, two hed-i'hainl>erfi. pantry, itc, fur 5a. per wct'k ; aiid if 
yun rtaliy will come dcmn yen ne^^il not fear bavJug a bed uf proper LllmpQ- 
fiioiid, and the coast ia mi's, and tbe caiman'^ aH i^-overed With ru^t imd 
grasfif the abips moorod, uo entiiuy apprcbojided, Jcc. ' 

And in n letter writt<:»n from Brighten to iinother friend in 
Lomlim a lew yeius previous to this, he aaya; — 

" Do oomi^ and join nn here, if j<m can boar the dnllneui of thia place. 
i DrayriiTi, ap^nking of tbU rhtr. 



"And Ailur irinirnij u:i ru 'l^id-rhani^kBCUj' Witiit 
'iiip li'ivn.i i»a vvr* L;l punt wihlIih u CflMiDd" 

Ill It iicle to Ihti Iin«L ol Ihu^c tnu 
liuofl lE \* tfftid thnt (be Adur, fidboK 
]dIo tbe UuHD nt ^^nhuni, may wtlj 



ba uiidPTHtood of that Port of Adur — 
tUa ?urtus Adurat uf the Kotiiia Fro- 
vEacianin^, on <1iit '^itiist — iht: ri'liijutid 
wlitreof learot^l TikiJitleii Ih1(4^h lo Lo 
EdringT^rn or Ailrmglon (Aldringtun)» n 
iLttla from hboiMham, aad the niilhar 
IflioeiKlih it Adur. 



LG6 



UlOn BOAbS IS &VBSEK. 



aro bouDd h^ no cnfiTrtilinmiHtipa, Wn dint »t unn t>V: ej 

tfii lit liTo; (LDiJ whL-n wt Ltiro nailiing b«tt«r U> du, wo ruil aL^i^ut 

The next rond in OgilUy'a list is thnt from London 
Rye; of whicli, as St pa^Sf^ jiriiicipjLllr thixjiif^li K^ 
there is but little to be suii '^TU point of hcarij 
nf tias rotid is/' lie says, " S.E, by S. ; the direct liorizoni 
distance, 51 m. ; ihts vulgar computuTlon, 4fi m, ; 
iliinensu ration, G4 m, Surrey, Kt-Tit nnd Sussex him 
counties including the roatl ; and the Thames, Unvcnsliai 
Dcreut, Medway, und Rothcr, the princijiul rivers ci 
ovor. 'Tis a Wi;ll freqiicnteil town, leading to the readii 
passage over to Diep, and Havre du Grace, in Normnnilv, 
Fnince, whence the short*^st html passage to Paris ; but tl 
way is not altogether so com tn end able, especially ln-ytji 
Tunbridge, The forward turninga to be avoided arc: 
29 m, 7 f, the right to the Wells, at the ynd of TimbriJi^ 
37 in. 3 f. the right acute; 40 m, 2 f, the right (forwurxl) 
Lewes; 44 m. Tj f. the right to Robertsbridge ; '54 m, 4 
the left through White- bread Lane ; uniUng at 58 m. 3 fJ 

** From ConiliiU lli* roml pu^iGefr (lirough 8eveiiokee, Y\i\go Pt-[uiok*i,' 
Tunlridgc; bo i:allcJ froio itt" Urid^Pi. on Uic SLmlwny, Vi/ii tnltr tii 
flt LoniUerliurist, Si^ m, S f., a l<j"a of 2 f, in extent, *iflV"rdiiii 
Hcconimndulioti ; nt 4 I m. 4 f . pafrfiig by a Stone l^limrrj on ih^ 
f on Iconic to B4>EkiTlG-BrHg<>/ oud rc-«iilvr Kcitl ; iimi ftt N m- 7 f., IfafVDJ 
rUinJAiuU) anulLcT t-maW vjtlngo, bq neccnt Icjiils yoii iuio ih^ tuwn, 
vhicb, at A wcU-knowo Stwje, you rc-enlL-r Susses; and nl iii at. 5 
jqbI. be/onJ tlie Fritli, on thty left, aod thp Jlojot Clnlc Inn. on lie ri^l 
unCcr Kent again. Afltr fiURtiiig tLrou^b IJutvkLiiraf^ iSnrrdhunt, ai 
Nowiiulen^ nji^ood iLoroiiglifarc of S f,at tln> end of wbitli, crusdiig t] 
RotLer fiiver, jou oute imm: outer &uf<J^cx. At A4 iuh 4 f,, ntuidbg l| 
forward vay through WLitu-Brfad Lane on t}\e. left, jon bear Ui Ihcnj 
an J 6f. fanbertiirnehorton the left; ami at 5G m. pose Ihi'ini^'K N'crtlii 
of ^ f. extt'ot, eeutcd oaih*^ rite of a hllf. IcsTbg BrJckwall Ihiisroo 
rigLt; and at 57 in- MOfiul a nuiatl hill, uji viLidj ftandii Dc'tjkli-y Cliarc 
t'luTie Iff the [pft; vLent'd bj firowjipniith'^ Onk, hIilTi' tlit vav Uiroui 
While-Brffad Loim fuUs Jn agfliii, luavjiig JVatiaui^Ji on tho ri^ht, 



■ BuhliEpH'j IWiltTi" (7), Duhu)k-ii, Wii* u 
Xmmp rif UiiylinTii Ahliey, whi<'h iw^ip 
bUiLnli:*! UJI (IiLa ]Jvi<r, iinnr llii4 
brtJfiB. DrayliHj, >i|vuhiiiu of (U<j Me<l- 
VAy nnd il4 tribiitirlov, aa>» — 

rnwn M|i*iiK, wka I'm himhi i^ntci Ikt 



■Inilt •cml'i, 
Ahrni'JiUr, tlrar niii|lr<, noil tin, ht^n in 



HlGfl BOADS IN SUSSEX. 



167 



Eilcote, aIias Plajflen, between yoa and the River on tlio left, ywi coma 
Al 00 m. 4 r. to Rye. aJias Riiii-. from t}i« Fretich Kwe, Ripa; 2 f. farther 
enwriii^ the gate*., oxtendm^ in atl f, one of the Cimjiie PoHfl, forti- 
fipii 4nd wifclM, Icmp. EJwatJ Ill-j a fnirj wcll-lmilt, wcN-iuhHbited.ond 
wdl-freqaejited town; groverDijd by a mayor BiiU jurats; enjojmg B. 
cciDiumdkm.s EiiLVUti, ami two markulA wet^klj — one an WcUnti-^dny and the 
olhflT on Sftturddj' Tho dielont'o hirnvn to Diep in Nonnandj' is about 18 
Jpng'inje, which mutefl theao two porttt the innrr Eminent The backward 
turnings to bt ftifoiJed *rn^l ui. from Hje, ihe n^bt (^ forward) to Ideii : 
lO f short of Ik(k(py, the n9:ht, ihiviii^b White-Rrond I.ane ; 4 f. 
Wvond IVorJinrn, the lyft, a li^M way ; y f- beyond the Watch Houwe, the 
kft, to Hiiwkhurfit; 1 f, boyoud FJiinwell, tlic luft, to Tibchureti 5 f . 
Bhort of Lnmbflrhiirst, tha left, to tlje Down, &c.'* 

The last roa<l In the Itinerary from London through Sussex 
is thftt to Cliiiihestcr, with a britaoh to Winchester. 

"The pnint of bflomg of this read is 6.W. ; the rlfrcct h^n'EonUl 
dJataQcij 19 i5 m, i ibe vulgar cumpiitationT DO ra- ; Ui? dimcnanrotion, 
63 m, 2 f- The braEich to WtncbisU-r from Midburst 2iJ m. ; Midillci*ex 
Surn^jk &llKse^l aud niiuij^^biru art? the cuuntics pa?iM^d tUroijgli ; uud the 
Th&Di''!*, Waiidl*;, Mob', Way, Arun, and Lavaiit, ar*- l\n^ phi^'f rir^ra 
cfOBsi.'J oTi>r. Thp fipjt piirt of thy road ie very good, but Iho latter mopo 
QUpU'aArLiLt ^ yet m oil pliitiefl provided nilb ^od towna. &*^.y for ent«r- 
tuiiiuii>nt. The forward tumiiiga to be nvoidud sre^ — &t S4 m. fi f , the 
light to Poptsinnutb ■ th^ li^fl to Petword. 

'^ From Lnmlon, passing through Guilford, Farubarii, Godabain, aliaa 
Godliman« bfauibli^donf and ChiddingfolJ, 3'ou <'iitor Sussex at 43 tn. 4 f., 
iLthI pu:^^ by Lii[L^dunii Beacon on the Hg'ljt, end North- Cbairp^l and 
Lur^inhal on 1h^ l^ft ; descend a «ma1l Idllj And cross two brooks; then 
tbruu^'h a vio<k], and at 4A m. 5 f , a«ct'nd Bexlijy Hill ; and, dG^^ndiag, 
jou leave Cowdray Park on the loft, pass through Eaaobam Villago *t 
tl lu. At G f, I'lrbber you have Uowdray Park '.m Lhe left, and at 51 m. 
pass lhrong;b Plasphurri, a ^iinall V'lllflgi* ; 6 f, farther, leaving Cowdraj 
PiaA-e on tho loft^ croafl tho Amu ttivor and enter Midhuret, of S f. 
ejtteiit, and good entertainm^ut. It b a borough town i decting Parliiv- 
nienl men, with a market on ThLin*dayp. jmii a fair on Whitf-un Tuesday^ 
'rbeDce, tho way is generaTly bonthy ; f conding Cokin Hill, and pa*i*iitig 
T>y WeHtdcan on thy ri^dit^ and Singleton on the left, you (;oiue at 53 m. 
t t.. to St Hookers Hill, wliert? jou havi^ a beacon on the left, and near 
the Imtliim of the bill ynu bave> a uiarl pit on the rlglit. Hence 
jou pass by East Lavani clinrch and Hamer (ItawmereJ Houhg on the 
right ; and at K^ m, ontor ChiohL^slcr* a city seated OQ the Lavaut River, 
£r&t built by Cista, tieoond King of the f^^onth t^axoa^ aaJ by him calltd 
C»Kflnn-C>'a«ter, when* he bad bis Rjjyal T*ala^e. Yatbeforu tbe Oonque*it, 
Ihii* city was but of lilllo noW, contJiinin^uf only St. Peter's Moufl.^tpry ; 
and a fittic Nanni^ry. 'Tie at present diynilied with an Epiteopa] bee 
Vid. resideuce of a bifihop- Itf! ciitbeJral br^gan first to be bmit by 
Binbctp Kaibilpb; but Imftire the linishlng of it, it vat^ lotally toubuiued 
^y fir«. Yet the aaid bishop bugaa to rebuild it, and by the a.s«ktanee 



ir.8 



men ROADS IH SUSSEX. 



nf Kitip TTtmry T,. tbe Fahnck waa quTto p&inpletpJ. Hnfftver, 'twaa 
btimt ag-ftin, amler Hinliaril HI-, with the Bishop's Pulai^?, nnd the 
Prebein^s' HouaoSj wLioli were all n-built by Seffrid, the 11. of tUnt 
nmuv. Till! backward tiintia^^, a.[iv\ the i^nlrai^'e Ut-^ t^u^s^x <:>ul of 
Sarroy, are — fi f. fmm Chichpster, tJ^e ItfL to Fe;*rs.fi*ld ft f, TrDin d°" t 
Uft acute; at Iho entering of Eafioborn, tbe ri^ht to Petworth ; bpjon 
Eftfleborn, the left to Lippock (Lipliook) 7 f. beyond E&seborn th 
kft acute - 9 f. tliort uf Lei:kfLFrii liriilgCp tbt' lufi acute ; nt LeckftinJ 
Bridge, the l«ft ocutu ; HgHLn>il Blackdcin'n BoaooDt the left scute.' 



or 

a 



There is a little confusion in this description- Afto 
ascemliiig the Downs by Clicking Hill, it would seem thiit 
the traveller wuuld pass tliruugli Westdenn firi^t, Hnd then 
Singleton, whereas the reverse is the case ; you first pa 
through Singleton and nfterwards Weatdean. 

It is somewhat sin^'ular, tliut, l>y piisslng over Bexl(> 
mil, this road would avoid Petwurth— with its pnucel 
mansion of the Dukes of Somerset, and its maniiincttiry 
cloth — altogether, leaving it about 5 miles to the loftn N 
does it even notice uny turning to it^ which tbere must hnv 
been at, or somewhere uboul the nearest point- 

Tliese four, ilien^ were all tlie roads out of London int^V 
Sussex in U»7ij, and they all went tn places on, or nenr^ 
the Sussex Coast; «nd through the Weald of Sussex tbes^H 
were almost impassable. Of the history and dates of tli^^ 
different Acts of Parliament passed for their improvement 
see H paper on this suiyect by J. G, Dodson, Esq., iLP. 
in Volume XY., p. 1 38. The inipassahle state of the Srisse 
roads appears to have been looked upon in the light of 
security by some of onr ancestors ; for when the road from 
LonJiui to Ijrightoii, through Cuckfield, was nmde, it w 
tirst [►ropoaed to carry it through Hurstplerpoint; and 
would probably have been the line adopted had not tlie res! 
dents there, and in the neighbourhood, petitioned rarliameii 
pgiiinst it, under the fearful apprehension th&t it would be 
the means of hriuging down from Loudon cut-throats, pick- 
pockets, iJtc,, and of introdneing amongst them every kind o 
contamination. In this fear, an ancestor of mine, residen' 
close by— a ^ood old SuE^ex bqiiire, cultivating his patermij 
acres -largely participated; he wae far too fufailiur with 
Sussex mud to look upon it ns a nuisance, or to wish for 
different state of things; as long ns it did not find its wny in 



i 



k 



ei(;n roads ik suasE^t. 



169 



tTic tf>p of his bot>t3> \hi was content tn wade t]irou;rh it. Rut 
of London pollulioQ he had a great nbhorrence. lie looked 
upon the Metropolis us tbe focus of every thing that was bad, 
Tlie journej to London hy these rtcids "in 1075, and even 
half ii (lenturj^ or more Inter, geuerall/ occupied tie whole of 
two days. 

I shall now notice the only two roails from one city or 
pi'incipal town to another, whicli, aeeording to OgUbj's 
Survey, passed thronghany ppirt of Sussex ; and sliitll begin 
with tlie brunch rojid from Midburst to Winchester. 

*' After kaviag Midharat, joa paas by WoolbeUiDg, StcdLam, and 
Trotlon — fill on Ihe right- und trosa Woolheiling Bridge of stone ovflr » 
brook^ aad the Anio River, at 3 m. 4 f., orer Tmtlon stone Jiriclge ; and 
flftor- po&iLni^ bjTiirwick Cliarch, and Vining Uoaao« aail Ko^L^tu Chare b to 
Uic left, and \iy ^IMaaoak. on the right, joa ciLter Bomp^ldre at 9 to. ; 
where, by Durfonl Hoaao on tLo loft, <]rosjiiing Street Bridgo and Bri>i>k, 
joa come to Pt^tori^tioldT a lurLrk^^t totTU bt 10 m. b f,, oxt^^niliag 4 f. on 
the road ; an iiidilfori.'[it larga town, with a market on JSalurilnya, Tho 
ivuL^iining 18 ni. are La Ilucijjr^birv. The Maiden Ouk Is ui^i on luici^iuojijil 
lai:rlmark in Sudsier, The hack turnings ^4l be avoided are— 2 f, from 
Rogate^ th« l^ft t4 Famham - against Maiden Oak, the right acute; at 
Trotton Bridge, tho right aoat«.'^ 

Tbe nest is the road from Oxford to Chichester, This 
roftd is stated to be "' Lndiflereut good," which meane, pro- 
bably, for the most part lad, 

" This roarl eaTereii Sussex in joumejing from Oxford at C7 m. ■! f. 
Orer a etono bridge, you cross a small rividot, and oator t^uatiox; and at 
G9 m. L f. ascend 6t. Itichatd^s Hill, which i& seconded bj another at 
70 m. 3 f- ; ffbere, learing East Harting Church on the left, you denapui 
S T.f and pass by Uarting Hilk on (he left. TheHf by North Mi?rJsa 
Church on tho right^ and a wijod on the left, yon cohiOt al 7^ m. 2 f., to a 
descent of 2 C, irLere you ['^ah by ht^vvfal great Iiilltj, portions of the 
South Down*), on the right, ami Chilgrope House on tbi' left. Here you 
enter a lane^ and thence yuu b&ve CrowEhall House anJ West Lavant, a 
Gtoall villnge, <izi thi? rights and BindtTton Honac, Middle and Ea^t 
Latant djurchuB, Rnwmare House, and tho Almshoum-a fiUCCissiTdy, oa 
till* left ; AEid at 8l> ni, ^i f. enter the City uf Cbichcater at the North 
Gate. Tho backward turnibga to be nToidoJ aro — & f. from Chioheeter^ 
the right to London ; 7 f. Jihort of CrowaLall JJoiise, the right to Biudor- 
tou; against North Merdea Church, tliti right to Traioid; 2 lu. 5 f. 
beyond^ the right acate," 




THE TRLVL AND EXECUTION OF THOJLVS, 
LOUD DACUE, 




OF HERST-MONCEUX CASTLE, FOR MURDER. 
35hd Heshy VIII. 



By MARK ANTONY LOWER, M,A,, F.8.A, 



Among the raanj stirring eveobs which Sussex has witncs 
few nre more generally known, or have created nun-e interest, 
than the execution of & young Nobleman of tlie Countj-, afte 
formal trial by his peers, for the crime of murder, whii 
engaged in the minor, tliough still very grave, ofFen^ic of steal 
ing a neiglibour's Deer, The principal persons concerned i 
this affiiir were Thomtis^ Lord Dacre of llerst-Monceiix C^iatlej 
and liis three friLWs, Maiintell, Frowdys, and Roydon, all of 
whom were executed, John Busbridge, the subject of the 
homicide, and Sir Nicholaa Felhani, his master, owner of the 
dc«r. 

The story has tiften been told, with much exnggeniticu 
and many blunders of detail. Popular IdsUiry and gi^neral 
sympathy have leaned towards tbe principEi! actor in th 
drama- JTistoriftus, chroniclers, and poetahavc viewed Lor 
Dacrc as an unfortunate and injured peiBon, Mrs. Gore i 
her tragedy, *' Dat^re of tbe South," has made him the victi 
of the tyranny and jealousy of tbe bij^h-spirited knight whom 
he Lad undoubtedly wronged ; tinJ the writer of the presenli 
pnpefj influenced by tbc prevalent notion, once rushed int 



4 




TJIF. TfilAL AND EXECUTION OF LORD DACEE, 



171 



versG in order to represent tliG young nobleman in a. moat 
amiiiblt! Hglit, and to prove hia participation in the matter 
as one of the venial faults of youth-' Taken any way^ tJiere 
is a great deal of romantic interest in the atory, and as Lord 
Dacre has hitherto been regarded, nt least in the popnlar 
mind, as ^ niorc sinned ngitinat than sinning,* it nuy be well 
to stJitfi the opposite side of the questiou as tuken from a 
publie record of unquestionable autheiili^:ity- ' Audi altennn 
partem/ is very sound advice both in a moral and in a legal 
sense, and the SiiseeitpaniphrLiae, **Onc story stands good till 
tether's heard/' k equally just. 

Let us &T&t (somewhat reversing the due order of things) 
state the case of the defenduuras generally umiersljjud. But 
previously to doing so, it may be as well to aay somewhat 
concerning the ancestry and position of that personage. 

liy reference to Vol, IV, of these Collections the reader may 
obtain full partlcularB of the noble family to which Lord 
Dacre belonged, llis ancestors in the male Hoe were the 
ancient Norniim family of Fiennea, or Fynea, who had through 
a marriage inherited IIcrst-Monceux from the equally ancient 
family of Monceujc^ who gave their name as the su^x of 
this their ancient patrimony. Lord Dacre's great grandfather, 
KicbardFynos, married Joan, daughter and heiress of Thonuis, 
Lord Daiire, and was ia her right summonerl to Parliaaient 
as Haron Dacre of the South/ and the IJarouy in fee has de- 
volved through female heirs on the Brands, who still enjoy it. 
The Hon. H. Brand is in possession of broad lands in our County, 
though no portion of them has, 1 think, Jescended with the title. 

In 1440, Sir K(iger Fyues, the father of Sir Richard, the 
Lead of the family, had erected Hersl-Moiiceus Castle, the 
oldest brick building in Sussex, and a beautiful type of the 
transition from the frowning baronial Fortress of ancient days 
to the modern and more convenient Mansion- Perhaps it is 
not too much to uffirm that no building of its size in England, 
tlie site iiud other cireumstance.s being taken into consider* 
ation, can compare, for picturesqueness, with this shell of a 
lordly dwelling. To this grand house Richard Fynes brought 



' Contributlocs lo Lilcr»ture* pp. 74— 
■la oontradlttiaaaoD to tha Lordi 



Daoreoi ThcN'rth.ttoroniiof Cilltialfloci, 
in Ouiaborian^l, Uie oUtor liOD uf thU 
iJualrioiu bouse. 

z 2 



172 



TaE THIAL ANU EXECUTION OF LOUD DACB£. 



Lis briJe, the heiress of Lord Dacre of Gillesland, He was 
summoned to Purliitmcnt iiml decliired Baron Djicre in 1458; 
in 1473 he was made Coiistftble of the Tower of Londou, and 
in 1475 a Privy Councillor. In 1484 he died, leaving his 
graiulsoiij Thaniiis, onW twelve yeiirs old, his herr. This 
iiobleninn vvils loyal!/ active against the rebels, so called, in 
Cornwall, as well as against the iScots, He was also (Jouatabic 
of Calais; but notwithstinding all, he seKins to havt been 
H disreputable character, for he was committed to the Fleet 
prlsou on the charf^e of harbouring suspected felons, and '* for 
remysnes and negligence in ponyslienient of thefu/' and hci 
confessed his guilt and submitted to iia penalty.'' 

Mr. Venables well remarks that these circumstances may 
'^ be considered to throw light on the tragical fate of the next 
Lord Uacre» the gnindson of Lord Thomits, by which the 
prosperity of the Dacres wra so dismally interrupted; sinc^, 
if Buch were the grandfather's character, it is hnrdly probable 
that the education of the yoim-: man, who was left an orphan, 
early, would be such ns befitted liis rank, while the example ^^ 
set him, and the companions with whom he would be asso-'^H 
ciated in hia ancestral Caatle, would early prepare him to ^* 
follow the reckless course whicU terminated in such a terrible 
catastrophe.'' 

On the death of hU grandfather in 1525, thisyoun^ heir-; 
apparent succeeded to the great wealth appertaining to onei 
of the finest estates and one of the oldeat baronies in thei 
kingdom. He wns only about seventeen when he became 
master of his propei'ty. His education appears to have been ^j 
much neglected, and although he was introduced at Court^f 
and assisted at some public ceremonials — although, too, he^^ 
had married i^arly a lady of noble birtli, a Neville^ daughter 
of Lord Abergavenny — he was evidently a reckless, if not &. 
profligate, young man. Some noble qualities he doubtless] 
possessed, but his wealth became his futul snare. 

Jn order Co understand the subjoined documents it will bej 
necessary to quote a few words from Holinshed*s Chronicle, 
which though already printed in these Collections by Mr Ven-j 



» S« the Hov. K. Ti-nalilea' oit»lleB( imperoQ " Hohil-Monoeui and ito LoriU.' 
8. A.Co11.,vu!h IV., p. 1j4. 



THE TltliL AND EXECUTION OK LORD DACSE. 



173 



ables^* flrenecessnrybi preserve the con timiity of our narratiTC. 
" Ttiere was executed/' says the worthy old Chromclcr, "al 
Saint TlioiiiiLs Wiiterings^ three gentlemen, John Mantell, 
John Frowda, and Gn^orge Roidon; they died for a murther 
comtnitted in Sussex, in C3nipiiiiie of Tliornas FineSi Lord 
DiLcres of Lht! South : the truth whereof weis thus. The said 
Lord Docres, through the lewd persuasion of some of them, 
aa hath bcene reported, meaning to hunt in the pflrkc of 
JJichoIas Pelham, esquire, at Lfiughton^ in the same countie 
of Sussex, being accompanied with the suid Muntell, Frowda, 
ftud Roidon, John Cheliile, »nd Thamas Isleie^ gentlemen, 
Richard Mlddlelon, and Jv»hu Goldwell, yeomen, piiasedfrom 
tis house of Hurstmouseus, the last of Aprill, in the night 
season, townrd the same parkc, whci^e they intended ao to 
hunt; and ooniing into a plitce called Pikehuie, in the ptirish 
of Ilrlliugleigh, tfiey found one John Biishrig, Janies Biiabrig, 
and Richard Sumner standing tojjither; and as it fell out, 
through quarrelling, there lusued afraie betwixt theauidLord 
J!)a<ircs and his eonipanie on the one partie, and the suid John 
and Jainps Bushrig and Richard Saraner on the other, inso- 
much that the said John Bushrig rc'ceivGd sueh hurt, th:it he 
dieil thereof the second of Mnie next issuing. 

'* Whereupon, as well the said Loi\l Dacres as those tliat 
were there with him, and diucrsc other likewise thut were 
appointed to go another wjtie to meet them at the said parke, 
were indicted of murther; and the seauen and twentith of 
June the Lord Daeres hiiuselfe was arreigned before the Ijord 
A udleie of Wahien, then Lord Chancellor, sitting that daie as 
High Steward of England, with other pceres of the rcalme 
about him, who then and there condemned the said Lord 
Dacres to die for that transgression. And afterward, the nine 
and iwcTititli of June, lieing Saint Peter's daie, at eleuen of 
the clocke in the forenoone, the abiriBs of London, accordinglie 
as they were appointed, were ready at the Tower to have 
rcGciucd the said prisoner, and bim to baue led to execution 



' TJilnnofi tbcu.iiialplADDof Qic<]a1iDn 
wLlJliti tltfl £lL*rLA'if4»ni of l^uuoic And 
Surrey. It wak nimr Hie 'imi. mifi'-HtoDa 



ofl^t. Tlicnn"iflofCiihlctbiir|r, Tratollcira 
nutr)fLondiJiimib'J<? iViifttliQJr lir^ AUtina 
for vai4iFLiLg tlieir bon&i. oDil Ctmiicer 
raDnliimn " IhH Watering nf Snlnt 
TLciiui**" lu Unj ikrolo^uu u[ kit C;uj Ltr* 
bury Talea. 



174 



THE TRIAL AKD EXECUTION OF LORD TIACRE. 



on the Tower-hill; but as the prisoner should come forth of 
the ToTTcr, one Heire» a gentleman of the Lord Chancellor's 
house, came, and in the King's name commandeil to staie the" 
execution till twooftliecloekein the afternoone, which caused 
muiiie to thinke tbiit the king would have gnuittd his purdtju. 
But nenertlielesse, wt three of the clocke in the same after- 
noone, he was brought forth of tlie Tower, ond deliuered to'| 
the shiriffs, who led him on foot betwixt them unto Til>urne»* 
where he died. Hia bodi was buried in the church of Siunt 
Sepulcliers- He was not paat foure and tweutie yeeres of age, 
when he cjime through this great miahitp to hiseni.for vrhorae 
maniesore lamented, and likewise for the other three gentle- 
men, Mantcll, FrowJs, jind Koidon, But for the said yoong 
Lord, being a right towardlie gentleman, and such a one us 
mania had conceiueil i^reat hope gf belter proofe, no small- 
mone and lamentiLtion was mude; the lurn^e imleed^ for that J 
it WHS thought he wjis induced to attempt such foUie, wMltIii 
occaatoned his death, by some light heiida that were then about! 
him;* *' 

The- late Archdeacon Rare asserts, that it is difficult to make, 
out the extent of Lord Oacre's criminaHty, and thinks ^* the 
law was strained in order to convert him into an accomplice/'' 
I will not ventui-e an opinion on this subject, but conhne my- 
self, as becomes an historical enquirer, to documents and 
illustrations. Modern liisroringraphers appear to me to write 
upon the inverted-pyramid prinelple, and tj> ruise tbt? largest 
possible mass of theory upon the smallest possible basis of 
fact. I will endeavour to avoid tliia error. Now to the 
"word andto theteati[uony"of national documents. In the 
*^Bagfl de Secretis" in the public Record Office is a report 
of a Court of Sessions held at Westminster before r*!ir Thus. 
AuilK'y, Lord Chuncellor, dated 3;lr<l Henry Vlll. The 
following abstract of the nine sheets of parchmctit on which "j 
the plcfldinga are written, I quotx^frcm the Srd Report of the 
Deputy Keeper of the Records^ published by authority 
Feb. :^S, 1842, 

^' 2Vialand Conviction of Thomas Lord Dacrc of the South, 



^ Thit 1b emneoun, far, aa vD faave 
K^pa, Uinl Dura wiu executed ut b placd 
qulLt diptuat. Scy awt. p. 17rt. 



7 ¥iun- Aivt: ColL, ut Mupra. Sir 
AJHltht'W Ualu, bovruvcr, nifiimiil tu Uvis 



THE TRIAL Ji^D EXECUTION OF LOttD DACM- 



175 



r 



Murder^ — Court of the Lord BlghSteicard andPeei's^ ITth 
June, 154L 33 fhn. VllL 

''(M. 8) Sussex. iDdictment fbatitl nt Hellynglye on 
Tuesday nest after the Asct^nsion^ before Robert Oxenbridge 
and Tlimnaa Darell, keepers of the peace, &.c.^ by the grund 
jury who prny n dsiy for giving their verdict until Siiturdiiy 
in one day of Pentecost then next following, and they ure 
ailjourned h day accordingly, the siwue to be given at Marys- 
field,"' in the said county, &c.,on which day Jcc, the Jurors 
came before Sir Humphrey Brown, Knight, Sergcant-ot- 
LiLw, and the said Kobert Oxenbridge and Tlioiaits I>arell, 
&c., and find — 

Tliiit Thomas Fynea, Inte of " llurstmouneseaux/' in the 
said county of Susses, Lorl Dicrc, otherwise Thomaa, Lord 
Dacre, together with John Maun tell, late of ILurstmouncseaux ; 
John Cheyne, late of London, Esq.; Jobn Frowdys, late of 
London^ Gent. ^ George Roydon, lute of Ptckhum, in the 
county of Kent, Gent,; Thom;ts Islay, late uf Sonderyche" in 
the same county, Gent. ; Kieliard Middelton, late of llurst- 
mouneaeau :i, Sussex, Yeoman; Jobn Goldwell, late of iiurat- 
mouneseanx, Sussex, Gent,; Henry Fitzherhert, late of 
Kyrjgemere/" in the county of Sussex, Yeoman; Ralph Bery, 
late of Fletcliyng, in the county of Snasex, Smith ; Nicholas 
Foster, liteof Ilurstmouneseuux, in the same county. Yeoman; 
Thomas Mnunser, late of Frnniticid, In the same county, 
Teoraan ; Thoraas Diiffeld, late of EastGi-enstead, in the same 
connty, Yeoman; and John Shelley, late of I'atcham, in the 
same county, Gent., did, 20lh April, 32 Henry. 8^ illegally 
Assembleat the mansion of tlieLordDucre, at Hnrstnmunescaux, 
and did there iUcgtdly conspire in whiit manner they could 
best hunt in the Park of Nicholas Pelliam, Esq., at Laug^hton, 
in the county of Sussex with doga and nets called bukstaik^^ 



* Why tli]^ I[ir]iii»t l<Kik pluce lit 
MurcAlidd I Dnuuol uudt^rvfauJ. on tKut 
|r]«t» ouuld ii4Pt Imvti hiul 4 COtirL of 

t^urifidietiou, Tho juit^tH At tlua ptirii>i 
ulJ tlieir uoiErU at aiuiiia fli V.}\tt 
GrJnaU'-ii't on bccouhI. oI (,hi> hadnu^ uf 
UiG ^UH^P3 rrijLiIj<; l>u[ perhflpn in thin 
iiiMiDDce tlm Rap«E:tivc |»nJba " taKt 
bnir-WAy/' ficc iLtite, |>Bgti !?. 
' Simifrid^ nour Sevt^uoalu. 

" " FnrBPmijj^h nsbolli red Dwn^ and 
fallow Uifcth boun graaiily mid oliiefBley 



di;j:!ir"jtd wi(h npts ziKWenldferifha^fK %i\*i 
bnck*toiU, dL4iIkLiijc witii lnnukH. tu llin 
doatrucUofi of fortsleir, dui^ta, mid 
purtitB; Be it fUoclod Uiat uu |x:r^k>ri 
fpjniiinll nr Icin^koriill, ^4vmg DiJ pnrktr, 
di&M'. TGrforrefiL i"iriln;irrjwrn?.kt'i.-[n*, 'it 

bayu or btcAAtalt bj the ppnce oi a 
CDonctii imiLt ofba- proclamntiDn dE ibii 
A<:t mada , . - . w\^n pnine U> forfajt 
Xli, \^.\'iUaavyl,CT^\}.\\.—ItattalC» 



irG 



THE TRIAL AXD EXECUTIOX OF LORD PACRE- 



ftnl bound tljemselvcs \ty onllis, &:c., for such ine<jnl purpose, 
and nlsc* to stund agniust M the Ik'gGS of the King, and t 
kill any of the King's lieges wlio mi^ht oppose them. 

" Also that the Lord Dacre with the said John MaiinMI, 
John Cheyne, &fi.^ again assembled and met at the house o 
the Lord Dacre, 30th April, 33 Hen, VinV^andfrau 
ulently conspired to carry their said traitorous intention in 
eflcet, and bdrig so as^mhleil^ tliey divldet! themselves m 
two hands; viz., Henry Fitzherbert, Ralph Bery, Nichol 
Foster, Thomas Maunser, and John Shelley, who took their 
road towards the Park hy one way ; and the I^rd Dacrcj 
together with John Mountell, John Cheyne, John Frowdys, 
George Koyd'.m, Tlionms Ishiy, Richard MiddelUiUT and John 
Goldwell, who took their way to the Park on the other side, 
by another road, with force, and arms, &c. ; near which rond, 
to wit at a place, in the parish of " Hclllnglcigh," callc 
'Pykehey/ certain persons, named John Busebrygge, Jam 
Bueehrygge, and Richard Soinener were standirig, and f* 
fear lest they, l.lie LohD Dac ke, John Mnuntell, John Cheyn 
John Frowdys, George Koydon, Thomas Islay, Richard Mid- 
del ton, and John Goldwell, might be known by them, the said 
John liushrigge, Jatn^s Bushrygge, and Kichard Someiier, 
the Lord Dacre, together with tlie others last-named attacked 
John liusehriggeT James llnsehrygge, and Richard Pomener, 
nnd iifatand womnled them, and gave ct;rtain mortal ivounda 
to Joiin IJuachryggt, in consequence of which he died on th 
:;nd May then next following, Tind tlierefore the jury do find 
that the said Lord Dacre and the others last mentioned 
felonionsly killeil and murdered the said John BusLjbrygge." 

Ho gi-ave an ofience presumably committed by n ];?eer of 
the realm led, of course, to his lord&hip'a tiual before a com 
petent trihunul, and consequently ou June 27th, 33. Hen. 
VIIL, a commission was issued, appointing the Lor 
Clmucellor Andley Lord Higli Steward and judge, and ou 
the same day he uddru>seil a writ of htihi'an corpus to 9i 
John Gage, Constfible of the Tower, commanding him 
bring up the body of the Lord Dacre to AVestminster on th 
Monday next after the Nativity of &t. John the Hapiist. 
precept was also issued by the Lord High Steward to Rielmr 



n 



i 






I 



■^ Hcnr^ tho nJgbtL'a n>jaih! j-e&r datM from 9!hid Af ri] ; bo thnb Uya rlAj-n ia 
VBned tictwepu Ehu tuo raeQlinga 



THE TBUL AffD KSECnriOW OF LORD DACRE. 



177 



Vennbles, comraainJing him to aurainon a jury of Pe6rs for 
the trial. The Peers were : — 



HonP7, Marquis of Doraet. 
Rohortf Ei^rl of ^iitseox, iAt. Qhtkm- 

, £arl of Derbj, 
i/Ear! of Rullaad. 
ioofgc, Earl of UcDtingtlcn. 
Folm, Earl of Dntb. 

Earl of Hortfonl. 
tenrj, Earl uf BridgewaWr. 



r Lord John Russell, High AdmirftL 

. HeJir/, Lord Morley, 

George, Lord Cobham. 
* Edward, Lard Powjs, 

WtJLara, Lord Btowrhra. 

CLarlofl, Lrjrd MoanLjoj, 

Andrew, Lonl Wini.siir. 

John, Lord aioniount. 

Williom, Lord St, John. 



^ 



The trial took place on the appointed day. Lord Dacre 
Rt first pleaded "Not Guilty," as not being the actual 
Murderer, and put himself upon \m Peers ; but the Peers 
having been charged by the Lord High -Steward, -.lud. '' suffi- 
cient and probable evidence*' having been adduced^ he reversed 
his plea to *' Guilty/' iind put himself upon the King's 
mcriry- 

The judgment of the Court was that *' he is to hehtinged;* 
but neither place nor time for the execution is meitionedp 

Tliiia ignobly perished a young nobleman of ancient and 
illustrious ancestiy, the victim of his own follies. That he 
was put to death at the instance of certain courtiers "who 
gaped after his estate" is a statement utterly destitute of 
proof, and the record shows no evidence of unfairness and 
injustice in the proceedings. 

But it is painful to observe that many of the dramatis 
peraoTK^ were of near neighbourhood" and counection with 
tlie reits ret capitalist For instance, Sir Nicliolas Pelfuiui, ii 
county man of high reputation, waa the person on whom this 
doubly fatal aggression was made. A mistake, perpetuated 
*by many local historians, assigns the scene of the tragedy to 
LaughLm,^' Sir Jiicholas Pelhjtm lived, it 13 true, at 
Laughton Place, when the necessitiea caused by miasma and 
public business did not drive him to hia town house in the 



'* T\\i'Te vnH. it I1 Uue. a Park ut 



luHralile fnt ilper, Wir Niclioloa kept his 
hurd at HelUn^ly, AiKiLher Park on bla 
ti^Latti, lilHfiJt ptivcQ mUi.'HiliftLatJL 

2 A 



178 



THE TEUL jlSD EIECUTLOK OF LORD DACRE, 



pnrish of St. Micliaol at Lewes, wlicre he lies buried, und^ 
the ufVqnot«d epitaph— 

*■ WLai lime lln* Frooch aoaght to hire sact Seftfoord, 
Tliis Pelharn did aE-pet'tm buck attoord". 

There IB no evidence whatsocyer of any personal ill-fcGling 
between tlje Knight of Laughton and the Lord of Herst- 
Monueux, But the jnung l*eer, reckless uf reputation and 
of the fiiture^ ventured upon this expedition against th 
dtfender of Scaford, surely ^rithout the slightest desi 
of slaying his ueighhouv's gamekeeper. The affair miis 
however^ have been premeditated, since ten days intervene 
between the meeting at which this attack upon Si 
Nidiolus Pelliam*3 Jeer was arranged and the actual accom 
pliahmcnt of the purpose. 

It must have been a painful position for Sir John Gng 
vho lived at Firle, within a few miles of Lord Dacre, an 
who must have known the young nobleman intimately, to he 
the iii&trunient, among others, in the e:cecution of bis offi 
as Constable of the Tower, of bringing him to justic^^ and 
dcnth- 

The locus in quo of this murder is well known, fliy Iftte 
esteemed, friend, Mr, Thomas Ilorton, in a private letter on 
the subject, says ; — 

" Mj deur Sir. 

** Pifli-Hay [ft an aralile fielil of l^n acres on the Hnreolnng 
F»nD, in the imrieh of n<?lljngly, ndjoinuig & lidd calJeil ' The Cabii 
on Uio IJixiod FtknUi rather lohia ILmi n qutirUr of o. nulc Bouth-vrcet 
Udlitiglj ChuKli, oil the road ti> lIufhcLridge, The nytr Cuckmere 
tlie IjomuUrj {jf tilt? Iwii fietdh. Tlu^ actual scene of the murder is near 
Uic btitifiiii of iLj- tvo tieliU, ami n^ar tti« river. 

'*Iii uiy putli ihn trudition of the munlor was cnrroat, ond ] 
Qf\tl that a Ghaat Las alwaja been about the place. 

" Yonrs faithfully, 

*'T. HOETOK 

" M. A. Lower. Esq., F.8,A. " 

A few words respecting the persons concerned in 
tragical niatt^?r will condnde this paper, j 

I cannot account for the refiidence of John Bluuntell at^ 
Herst-Moncenx, though lie h us doiihtless a member of the 
ancient fiimilv of Mantel! of Kent and Sussex. The Mai 



^ 





TUE TRIAL 4SD EXECUTION OF LOJtD DACBE. 



179 



tells were resident at Lewes for three hundred years, and it 
is ulniost surphisage to mention Dr, Gideon Mantell^ the 
eminent g;eologlst, a member of tlie family^ whose name will 
ever do honour to his native county. John Mauntell, the 
fllecr-shiyer> was, I think, a merely temporary dweller at 
Herst-Bloaceux. John Cheyne is more easily accounted for; 
his nactistry hjid long been connected with the neighbouring 
parish of Warhleti"»n, n forefat.lier, Sir Richard Chenry^ 
having married the co-heiress of Robert Cralle, of Cralle in 
that parish- The accused person in this case was John 
Cheney, son of Thomas Cheney of Warbleton, by lus 
wife Constance, daughter of Richard Scrase, of thi* VL-ry 
ancient faiuily of that name at W- Btatchington.'^ Henry 
Fitzherbert was, I believe, an ancestor of the family of that 
name, who iiftcrwnrds lived at *' The Friars,"' at Le\ves, nnd 
were very influential in the affairs of the town. The 
Mannsei-s were gentry, and had a good estate at liightown 
liear Wadliurst. Why the Nobleman consorted with the 
Blacksmith of Flctching is only to l>e accounted for by the 
general recklessness of his life. John Shelley, of Patoham, 
'as a |?e(itleman of ancient family, who may have " sowed his 
last wild oats" on this occasion. He afterwards eetUeJ duwn 
io a quiet life, and became the progenitor of the Shelleys of 
Iicvres, where their name will ever be honoured and respected. 

Shatspeare is accused of having hunted deer in Sir Thos. 
Lucy's park; but not in the same spirit as that which seeius 
to have actuated the Lord of lierst-Mcnceux, who appears to 

have hod malict' prepense. 



Sm Guv . Arch j Coll.. w], viiLi p. L& 



'2 \ 3 



180 



THE TOMB OF KICH-UtD BURRiS, IN SOMPTINO 

CHUltCH. 



Bit mark ANTONY LOWER, F.S.A. 






Tde remarkable antc-Norman Church of Sompting has long 
presented an altrsictive object of study to our archaeolo- 
gists and eccleslologlsts^ but though so mucli has been done 
to dtjscribc its architectarul character, its hititonj reinaitis uo- 
elucidated. A portion of tlie building appears tf> be std 
generis, or at least to possess no parallel in this country. It 
is desirable that our Collections should possess a scientific 
description cf this curious edifice, together with tfce history i 
the parish, for which many materials exist. 

My present object is, however, simply to notice the re 
curious canopied tomb in the ehauccl of the chureh. 1 have 
already Committed to print an account of it, in " The Herald 
and Geneiilogist,^" conducted by our esteemed member, Joha 
Gougli Nichols, Esq., F.S.A. ; but as the subjects of that 
able periodical appeal only to a select few, luy remarks in this 
paper will probably be quite new to a great majority of the 
readei-s of our volumes. I am sure the learned Editor will 
pardon my partial self-plagiarism for the sake of local infi 
mation. 

My first visit to the church took place under the guidance 
of Dr. Davcy, of Worthing, whose researches into the monastio 
history of the county of Sullblk are well known. After in- 
spectiog the tower and other remarkable features, I observed 
in the nortli wall of the chancel a monument in the style of 
tlie 90-callcd "Easter Sepulchre," or "Founder's Tomb," 
but apparently not earlier in date than the former part of the 

' To], L, p*ge S7M, 




THE TOBIB OF ElCHAttD BUKUB IN SOMPTING CHUKCH. 181 



Sixteenth century. There was no inscription to guide one to 
the knowledn^e of the person interred beneath* and on iuter- 
rogatlng my lrieu<i iind cicerone, upon tins point, I received 
the cui't and unsatisfactory reply, "Nobody knows T' This 
I afterwards fonnd to be the CMse, for Lhe Histories of Ciirt- 
wright and Ilorsfield, and the I Lm I hook of Mnrrny, all 
yielded a response equally unsatisfactory, " Well/' said I, 
*^ there arc some shields npon the tomb; let ua see whether 
Heraldry will not help us to an identification/* Accordingly 
I took out my note-book and made some memoranda, wliicli 
I subjoin- Let me premise that the workmanship of the 
tomb is Yery poor, the stone biid, and the herixidric sculpture 
evidently the work of an unskilled artiaan— probably the 
Tillage mason; added to which, the memorial has, until quit5 
recently, l>een coatedwith pi'ofuse layers of whiLewusli, in tlio 
removal of which the work may have anffered accidental 
piutilation. The armorial coats appear to be aa follows: — 

Under the canopy, an Angel aupporting a shield impaled 
(of henildric colours nothing is discernible); the dexter coat, 
three pjtii'a cf kuys crossed itj saltire, ou a chief three dol- 
phins: the sinister, two bars, m chief a lion pjissant. On 
the face of the tomb, three sMelda, I, Quarterly : 1 and 4, 
three bucks trippant; 2 and 3, two bars and a lion pnssant 
as above- II. Quarterly ; 1 and 4, a covered cup, with two 
objects nut very intelligible; 2 and 3, a leopard's head. IIL 
Very much defaced, though three dolphins may be made out 
at the upper part of the shield. The arras arc therefore 
probably identical with those first above described. 

The coat with the bars and the liL">n paasaut, a Sussex anti- 
quary had little difficulty in ikssigniiig to the well-known 
family of Tregoz,'' whose proper blazon* however, makes the 
bars ^tf//itr^/(?s, which the incised lines in this rude sculpture 
may have been intended to reprepent. A century or two 
earlier than the dale of our tomb, the Tregoz fumily were of 
leading importance not far from Sompting, and the name con- 
tinued to bi.' of gentle standing in West Sussex down to the 
days of Queen Elizabeth, 

■I farmnrty oaaiidcnd thU Aocteat Ulc oounty of Cornwall, Hfemuit 1 thiuk 
Ikidll; at ^lurEaaaorl^a, hul fliiiUn^ Uig account Ummcf Oornlabaxiraolioa. 
uunii Trfgiua both luoal and perfiouai la 



1S3 



THE TOMB 



^ BL'rrp: 



aH 



I 



But, alas! what of the croGS-keys and dolphins, the bucks 
trippunt* the covered cups, and leopards' heads? Cleorl/, 
they did not belong to Susses heriddry, nnd I waa on 
point of giving thein up, when a vague recollection o 
paper written by Mi\ Nichols in Vol. XXX. of the Arc 
ologin.^ which I thought might assist my inquiry, occurred 
to me< On turning to page 506 of that volume, 1 found the 
first coat to be that of the Fiahmongers' Company, as 
ancii^ntly borne. The same paper also enabled me to identify 
the shield with the leopards* heads and covered cups, as that 
of the Guldsmiths' Company; and, from another source, 1 
discovered that the three bucks trippanc (with whieb Tregoz 
is quartered) were the arms of the L e nth erse Hers' Comp:inv_ 
Tlius I was able txi id»;ntify the whole of the bearings. £Ia 
to account for their presence on the tomb is another qucsbt 
respecting which I have nothing bettor than conjecture 
offer. 

No doubt the jjerson commemorated had married a la<iy of 
the Tregfjz family,' ami lie not being of gentle hirth, yet 
desirous, at the time of his wife s death, of doing justice to 
his filliancc with a gentlewoman, had wished the arms of 
Tre^oz to be placed upon the tomb. '* Casting about," there- 
fore, for u coat for himself, he adopted for hnpalement with 
them the arms of tJie Fislimongera' Company, witli which he 
must have beeu in some way connected, Some nssociiitiou 
with the Leathersellcrs may have led to the placing of their 
ehield also u[Km the monument, and that the Goldsmiths' coat 
ehnnhl appear in juxbtpositicn with the Fishmongers' does' 
Bot seem remavkablc after one has read the paper aliove re- 
ferred to, '* On an Amity formed between the Companies of 
Fishmongers and Goldsmiths of London, and a coiiBcqu 
partition of their coat- armour.'^ 

Butwhittri^ht bud this Somptiug man to assume as a fami 
shield the armurials of a great City Company? Now-a-d&ys 
people are not very scrupulous as to borrowing the arms of 
others; but three hundred years ago, when the Earl 
Marshal and his subordinates were in the plenitude of their 
power, the case was widely different. 1 think I see in this 

*At tliD preeenbdny Uiis nnruu uijdIb cliMb Jtmon^^ LLclnboiuJi]eoJAfitcBUad«p< 
Uiu currupkd furui of Trvbyloi, 



1 \JL 

1™ 



m BClMPinfC CHT7ECH. 



183 



in&tfince some traces of an ancient and obsolete practice, 
by which corporate bodies empowered inJividuals of their 
nuraler to bear their arms. 

Thus, in the ** White B<xik"' of the Cinque Porlaj preserved 
at New llomney, is the following entry : 

^^Bi'Ry, flth.T„cHday Item, it is graunted by this present 

Itfter th« f.-iLnu of Brodhul!, that liobt. Coekc, of llomene, 
siynt MirgiireiL ^uter, sha!l Were and beare the whole 

Armes of the Portes-"* 

Again, in the grant of anus to the Company of Iron- 
mongers by Laticiisier, King of Arms, in the same year, it 
is willed and granted *^thftt he which ahall bore t-he leaner 
of the saide Crafte for the tyme, if such nede, be enarmed 
in the same armes for tli« saiiietluy and tyiiie, in delakkt; or 
for defnutc of his propie armes, in tokenyng of honour and 
worship of the said Cmfte and felaship, and att all tyracs to 
have and reioyce the same in the manor aforesddo for 
euermoro/' This passage is certainly ambiguous enough; 
but still I itin disposi?d to think it provoa thut the Irou- 
niongers (and hy parity the Fishuiongera)^ were at liberty to 
permit their banner-bearer to rejoice for evermore (i,tf. for 
life) in the ensigns of their corporation. 

I was fortnnate enough to discover the proprietorship of 
this sepalchi'e, and hence it is not impossible that hy further 
investigation its fK!Cupant's connection with the Pishmongers 
iind tlie other companies timy be shewn. It would be very 
interesting to ascertain from the archives of those corpora- 
tions whether at any of their ceremoniala he Lad tlic honour 
(if carrying the banner. 

The individual lie.re enlond>ed was RicRAan HukKK, 
I Hurry, or Berry. About twenty-five years ago, during a 
search In the Probate Court at Chichester, I found his Will, 
little thinking ai that time that I should afcerwiirds find his 
sepulchre, find resent his name from the oldivioa of more 
than three centuries. 

He is styled '^ Richard Burre, of Sowntyn^" (the lural 

prounnciation of Som[3lirig), and his testament Ucai'S date 

I 3rd August, l^tb Henry Vill, Tlie document is too long 



* TIlL) wm kiadljr cuplud for mo by TLoa. Hov, Gb^.< J.r..gr HiulldgH. 




184 THE TOMB OF RICHARD BUUEE IN SOMTTraG CHURCH. 

for transcription here; but the main bequests are ei 
recited* '* L will," lie says, '^ my body to bo l>erjGd in my 
tumtiu in the chjiunsell of the church of Sowntyng," 'Sow 
as there is no ot.lipr trimhe. in that chancel, the one under con- 
sideration must necessarily be bis. Then foUovra a be<]iiesC 
of his worldly estate: *^Bichanl Holond, my aonne-in-Iawe* 
to huve in ffarme the p'sonsge [great tithes and gkbe] of 
Sowntyng, calkd the TeiupJe, that I hohl olV the howse o( 
8aynt Joriys^ and oil the yers that I have now tocome theruf, 
and my ffarme culled Ksthamme, 30 as he kepe an obbit for 
my sGwle and my wyvye sowle xi. yeres, in the cburche o( 
Sovvntyug. At that obbit to be spent in prestc, clerks, 
ryugers, and jKmer people (in the snid piirish) siij' iv^; he 
during the said tl'u yers to send to the gray (Tryars of 
Chichester iij' iv", to prny ffcr my sowie, &c. AUso to the 
bhdvi.' rtryers of Chichester, iij" iv''; to the Oyers of Arun- 
dell flfor lyke cawse, ij'; and to the ffryers of the Sele 
(Beeding Priory) for lyke cawse." He mentions his brothers, 
Kichard Cont and Thomas llobsune, and hia nevew Thomas 
Bury. To John Ilroderwicke he bequeaths "the ffarme in 
Sowntyng, whiche I now hold of the Prior and Convent of 
Tlardam/' To the reparations of the church of Reigute ho 
leaves vi" xiij" iv*, and wills that '^S' Robert Beehton, my 
cftap/en, syiig ffor my sovrle hy the space of xi. yers/* 

Thus Kichard Buit*^ must have been a personage of conai*- 
derable importance^ a grea^farmor of church lauds and tithesi 
principally under the Knights of St- John of Jerusalem, 
who had at Sompting, as elsewhere, succeeded to the Tem- 
plars, Hence, though only a leaseholder, his right to be 
buried in the chance!, and to appoint a chaplain- 

A family of Burry have Iwcn resident at Sompting fi'oni 
time immemorial, aud there is little doubt of thuir having 
sprung from Mr. Burre's '^nevew/' They have no trad il^^ 
respecting the niomiment, or of ever having home arma.j|^| 
may add that so early as ld\^^ a Walter Burry sat in rnr^ 
liument for tiie neighbouring borough of New Shoivliam^ 



" BIoTiOTi] OoloDil, th« liiiflbaad of bU Llauffht«r Gitt«rjn, KrvJ at Oorpifpelj'llir, 



I 



« 



18& 



: MONUMENTAL INSCRIPTIONS, BISHOPSTON. 

1867. 



TflANSOBiBED BY HENRY SIMMONS, Esq. 



At the request of our esteemed Contisponding Secretary 
and Editor, M. A,Lower^ Esq., I have hud much pleasure ia 
copying tht- ftilluwirig inscriptioua for the Sussex ArchiBoIogi- 
oul Collections. 

fn Vol- XIL T furnished the first cr>ntributions of Church 
^_^fltid Chiirchyurd Inscriptiotis to the Colkctions — from feen- 
^Mfrtrd. Since then (18^0) the parish church has beeu 
^B'** restoreJ," !ind some of the oldest wnd most interesting in- 
^^Jacriptions hiive been tiikeri away, &ud the grave-stoaes not 
^^Ki>phic.ed. But for tUe cate for preservation exercised by our 
^Hexcellcnt County Society, those ancient names and dates nuist 
^ff have i>ecn irretrieviibly lost aa mementoa of puhhc reference, 
1 This fiict alone shows the urgent necessity of collecting these 
inecnptions from the various parishes in Sussex, and 
ej^ptcially where a church id likely to undergo " rest<jratiini,' 
Apart from local interest, their inaertion in our Colleetions 
makes thera of considerable public value, which cannot, 
perhaps, be overrated. Some generations hence, no doubt, 
these olntuary memorials will prove of even still greater 
usefulness, wlieu, as in too many iustances, the grave- stones^ 
&c.^ from age, or neglect, become altogctber illegible.* 



* In eorrflbnralioD of Mr. Simmonn'^ 
moiark (iLf: CL)Eiiia[It<ic hava tiei^ti s:MiiruI 
by Mr. Durnujl CiH^fier thai lUv in«irip- 



^ 



tJnn^ 9}niu\y pabliiihvd in tlkeae Tolumoi 
tiavQ, ii^ bwif liiKtnncsA, oJMr^il np doubt- 
ful v^Eiiti i[i Amcrjcii. — EurrotL 

2 B 



186 



MiJNCifEXTAL IVSCRIPTIOSS, DI3llOP3rOS, 



I may remiml the reEiders of these Collections tliiit a t* 
interestiii^ iicij^mtit of tlm luickiit clnirdi of Blshopslfln,* 
which coiitiiHia Srixon fenttires, was printed \>y the late Mr. 
Figg in our second volume. 

INSCRIPTIONS IN BISHOPSTON CHUBCn, 



Tatm§. 

Vout ihU pUoD Uei (In htrir oi Kr% UmT 

BmauB. who iliDd April falsify Ui\ At*0 "< 

ElUBtiU. Ki attccUviMlB ililrr, nTrCtlull tlo'jr 
Iftini<-iil0l, fhU Uhlflti HtH b«r<i iilu^nt ly Iwr 
bnltKr> Sba d|«d AupiK Titi, I7PU, i^ 94 

nac #Biie 
Jahb Hruo, EODt.. dielJDae WOu I7&9, mctd 

HiriDii. n.li., rmfc^orDflVwiTT In iTiclTuiTTC- 
t\ir if riirpM, And pic-jir nr tliti poriih. An 
lUfrcllHtnatc tiraUurr, affBrtlnnitrlf iBiDeikLrd. 
TliUlkblet <rBfl hprc pluQil Ijy hli TDur lliivrgt 
HfldLeJCW. 9^rJ. !»>]. need ^jvan, 

" lluMll! EPifPTllEini ]IMt JTIil dlvlllPl 

A tondar ^uihMUyi-il Elii>iiifJil -TbI IMlDDt 

Taihn nir wuIt'Clifu*^ luuiir cmiLit iiruvn nj irv^ 

Al [If fim^l 1rlbii[c4if a ■tiTrr'n LPDT. 

FuT caelIi. wh& ihclleni, Ln li* r iiwl rml'mc 

No twutln «]| thif inulUlu'la, hu biicpvn, 
WIjoh LuW DwiomiJ, cQuld mrpw ihr iivn^"* 
W, H*il-t», F*ir (lit) 

TMHlQli^t S PTfTlHl u ■tribDit of fcTtoctJim Id 
OiP nirThory of Miiwi fin^'n Eheik-virTfl wlff of 
Grnrit Cilt flltiflmaiupli- llirnmih Mfl' bi»nr 
rMThiiHtiiy In IfiP ImTIi 4tf lT^ npi* ItluFi, An4 

nMflil IIPc tivlpil ifm lMt\ pt April, IKitt, in the 

" Dlcwnl are Uie [Pitre In hmt." Hatl-v,. ft 
AilNui In TIjp irlmfThyiiril aiBrtilK^f uravp. f 

TnbM. 

Id 1 tan!! unr llfi ihc rtmiiliia at Eutkwvnt 
WituTT CArT^dnlffrt JflnaMerdf milldiinniuL 
HiDiiBli CiEE, ttlTF ilmrc hir 4iT jtir?. ntif) bh' 
T^rtnt' iTliI llfT-H'rtiinil^ 4ln*i.|hrll, {'> liifritm tkiP 
tlVtro DriicJ Vlnhnl ''(?lH'r^ [n trnluhir [ijr 4iil 
^tiUfmj M* Tno(hprli's*i'FLikln'Ti HiLauIiIbI a 



■ F"r vlirmrrf ;fif* ThirlLi rii]nl]y» t^fl flf ihB 
r-ml Ih imnJrTilor "O^ Sll**- Afvll. 'riiLI , , v(J, *li. , 
nrtil ilii- Wnrilr'ri (ifSium, 

f At K iQfiiinflaE i>rfhLii(?iH4lHit lid/. U'. CiK 



Tc Ltie mDiiuij of Vr, Wiuuir CitrT, wbonddod 

In ttila fivteli nu^ Ltidn nitr jnn. A mirtlijr 
DXbnp^ of tuiecriiT mi pvnHTHmce ta lu 
Ulubam vf U>i] vvioiiB dunn nl llfg. EiUik 
ilirply hiiirpjI in hcifneu, hlmrvmvLktfu n-flfV 
rlawlfrtKii bj • nrln wlh^iewn hr JmUM, 
vrvH BrmiH^ aneriij of mind, uid MUbi 
jndRinent bf lUei] vt NrwhdH^^n, on |]tg ftb et 
March, LH3a, In tlia Tfll] rrar (f bJj 4t(^ ds- 
9*Tyw4\j r*i|^SCtMl. PHttiHK^, ind le,rralE4HL 
"TtB iDciDurriftUisjm ■> ti.GiH*J/' 



OQAKCEL, (SulBf^ OLw Wmdoi 

IM THE crirncii rAKtt 

Ann. wllta Df WLMiin llairfi-Lr. irhn nuO"- 
June, HBC, fljcvL (f feoni alw || 
Turru, Willi lUraliix. JihI, ifKlD, agolUyan 

Jcntrrut Ana^iHr of lilcliurd jtnd Harr BwBen 
ilipd Jtfjr I3UI, iHa?. Ji|fp4i| j(«n. ^^ 

Arm SmiDNa ileitBiml ildi l|iU D(*c, ITIHh IWC 
ifffi] Uji*>ni^ Arid Jdiijc Snnumi, Awil k^Ui 

Htii JlAUin. -wile Qf ^iniKl Ibirber, of |U| 

Niriirt.UKi] KpL iini). imu.uuiIa: ypux 

I tM, '|^<[ f'S F'xri' 
Jnm BiTTLtH. laic nf K^v Sharvhun. dlad M 

HUHT 1l0LUW4V)4M Itlh JblTi ^BlOt Affc^ i 
fun. 

A^^-Kifeo^ J'mrs Pjinm, 11(4 Joba <ih, 1A| 
iLCHllll ynn. 

Thiwu ELPmriptler] Jiii.t«b, lULiiMVr. 
F. ITnaiitiMi (lUtD lllcHll^), 



■ rorarannalT and fVfrmEc iirtitintrulr ^nvtli 
ttanU^mmn.Mtt Wnrtliki af Suhhr, n, i;|T. 



I 



MONLME-NTAL J-SSCa[l'TlO>&, UISHOPSTOV. 



1S7 



LvcT, Hirife of A'llUua G«rliUt U&i June aiint, 
LRU. IICM4ML 

I" Hen Ub Uh rtdnilu* of ■ cLwUir. bonn, imd 
jtmipuL uroifuii-'* 
JdIIV TllQttU. na of Vailaat \na Lu^j Qi^rLfJirH 
Jum Lt ShifonJ. Auff. 'JiUh. I'l:^:^ dtwl Eei Iht 
Lui^luu llraplul, Ih^ H»t, ll^l^ 

M41T, inrn oT NlchnLiu mUrt. dM Nor. llUi, 
l>UU, Hf-ffij A:^ )'i]4n, lUut Etin', 'Lnmililirr of 
lUr 4l)uva,viui ^fKi April I'AJi. lne;k. uP*d 3J l 

STEruDy OuQn, ^Itfl rib^' l*tb, ]BL», i«Hl :« 

ll4':iAH, M\tr of WLTEiwD BkllfiDUV, dM ITlL 
April, E^in, i^ri) ifJ ; alio, XViLIiaH flirftU- 
liUHE,><l]udWd l^ikd Navri JSai, ftgal ^ jtuB. 

, £LiAitq,i Cmo, rellft *if Itio lute Ur, WHlliiiii 

OroH, DfOtfarl, SofhiUi, tUod OcL lifa, IMS, 
I mdN- 

Urs, Elxmbthi CijiaYEE. wLJmr^ dlod JqIj lit, 
Sumr^ CuA\aii, died Fubj, AUi, tm, ^tsd 47 

RcMHj, wiDi ui SoiDorJ duller, dM Huvh ftOtfi, 
J8/I7, ftgivl HO yurL 

Hah A>iii> iliiiirlilcr nf Samu?) ami Rcfwcn 
Clflrirvr, dJcd Nuvr, llth, iFril, KgHl 37 yam. 

WiLLiu. Kik ur SuDueB aad JtclN^ct OlmTcr, 

ifiwi iU! VULli. imK vUbl ?4[ >[Mi Suhdh 

, dica JolW lltb, l£^l, i^Fd l/Aj anil IICBft 

I LUaiiu, vEio dlrd Auff. IDiU, UDJ. mfnl d3 

£t«jih Mjiitnh, ton ef Jifm nd t]far« Mii^ 

■G«J In y«n. 

Ei'i'jiEti SifiiLn rIdcBL NincrEdiir&nlaiuIfarAb 
NobIh. itlHl March -Ittth. liVi, U^M -^ ; flltip 
L Sakab J4?ii lud liiDiiAa, thflir cbildruL. vbg 

I diiid FD bir^n^j. 

Jmjv VocTib.dW Moj^ 3lit» lAID, ■ftnlvSi a|w 
Fdfui, dtitclil" i'l Jihn and t^luli luinin. 
d^Dd^pt, \l't.i\, IbL^p ■^'1 19, VVii.L<AaH ^tieii 
Bd. ainl liar liiLh, iHiP, i^ixt lU; <uiiii£l» 
Iheit Bn, uicrd April Utid. i>^^, i^cd :r:i. u>d 

AjIUIdft, whd dlfdat WoolwlolL, Hay tih, 1«», 

£firni. HifD ur John rdUD^. OiedJoiy SfiiL. iHii. 
■^tJi a1» bAuuu, iliD^bltF cf Johix uid 
EdJtiL YouDff^ ivbo 'lk4 Wanb AUl I fsa, nspi » 
mmtDi I wid JiUiH toutia, Aiel ^9tb Vvcli, 

TuOHi* SKrm J1-4 ?JHh Hffpt» LHM, k^^ 72; 
■BdOuu.U* inUta, dM %»Lli Novr, lud,wa 

Jj}!)* TVCEDOTT dlad Jiuit 1Mb. 1Kl?i, k|{q1£7^ 



Avit. Dlr|«C iHnLTltUr of ThnuiH ind FLlTiilM<r]t 
MiickA:ird,diEd Jmtiy^nnib, I^Gff, a«ffd Jhi - also 
MiTT&D^yaiLrvcstdiiutitrrDrinBibdTEt d»ii 
Jury. X^ ISH, 4^ Vfl^ouh 

EDtm, mfe (rf llariFim PnHui^l, rUusbbo' of Thoi, 
■ait EUMbb. UiH^fOra, d( tkl* (>irUli. dkd ■» 
Lcin?i, Uarrli -M. li!i6U, h^vJ 3 1 ^ dw EDrta. 
daurhtcr af J>p D1uh■^, dJed Vtbj. Mth. IU1, 
ojjM II □innilii ; &rd Qhhk. Hon d1 tAa Uwn 

iIillI AlL^t. IfiEh, 14IL^. ftg«d S lUQDlhL 

Jci(?ir WdqL4^iei dliid lat Juirj.. \'»t. iohI S7. 
Tuuxjji WfMuiuidltid 4tU Oclr,. I0l]i» vM 6f 

li:LUUrra, Lbf IwIathI dmvl^lBr i*t J"!"! "nl 
ElliLAbcCh DDTLDcLt. dh-d JOlti Jviv, IrUl. teod 

t7vun4iia lu iDUbiiu. 



J^ial Slant. 

ll«rfllrcrri tJie bodj nr ALict NEu]HLiTcin» Uip 
VllVfof Tlu>iTUU S^'prll^lun, 4rf HubTrimbH, wllo 



rii|iȣ tf^ifih Jran Eeit'jl- 









IuqA 

IdK TLlUHAi Aunvu dlcA IfUl d^ Df Ai^it. 
IWi^H iJfHl HI 



7Wp^ 

To Ihfl nifmpij iif Mo. Jamd C^^(l^EIl, -Wi hirt 
■Ici'MTk-HLlblaLll&lWcr, titlip irT4»(uiil M jtara, 
ami Uin. A.x> (;«>Drtb. nifB ci bir dlaiue> 
Cu.jHr, tuir., -fbudl d Uay auib, LtiL, agplTl 
yc4ir3- 

EpntHD CiwraidkailJvrellUii TTlS.dc*^ " 



Um, THittiM CgH-bH dkd Prl*/, EMi, I7«l, A^td 

Atn. Jahio LtwruiilkiL .Inly hli, l?M. »|:n: CJ 
rein, aJwJulia, hfi u^ Edmun] iDd iw'ilb 
C'or»|ier, wtw dlnl Ansl- I'ShU, jTbl, ■£«& 4 
frtn. 



188 



MONUMENTAL IN3CAEPTI0N3, BIBHOPSTOX. 



Ml EDMinrD Cooftr dIftA Norr. lAd. lUH, ued 
M ; ■]» rniHLia, Kn of Edmund uid ytnh 
Cwpvr, died Dkt. Uth^ lai'l,*^ T]r«VL 



Id nciiKrT of Snun Coo'iB. irldof of Ednmnd 
Owpfr^wlio 1II0I Jmiaiirr Bib. 18M, itftil M 



Uh. x^'Ahab Wubu. djiDB>ilFr of Thoniu 
Wlniblp^ KcnL, Iftio tpf Hiutlnjn, *nd of 
Ellbilieih, hiA vlfta, Ant fframldiuuibttr of Mr- 
E'lmund Cw|>4>rH Ijilv nf ITiIb parlih «nd of 
MuT, h]» wlb;, who iLM Norr. Htlh, 1633, Aged 
BO jrufiL 



7^w»k 
Hh. 1(4111 Crtonii C*lfF of Hr. Juna Coowr). 

Timb. 
UiB- Mini CoopiB. wlfr of Mr. EdinDiid CMp«r, 



TaoHiit (Min of Junn inri Vtry Coopv), dW 
lltb FiibT., 1771, tgrA 16 jeuf. 

In Ifnd?r rnncmbrAnce of Ukl. FuEiftm 
WiHHj, wlfA 4»r Mr, TlioA, Wimble fwhoH 
remalni wciu Inlcfd In ih« Evriah chnrtb of 
AIL Salnu. IThBilntrii, and ^laanhter or K^mund 
udMirrCooper), died Juurj 17(11,1803, Jiffed 



H&Hi, dATmliter of Rdmimd «id Stunh Cocnwr* 
died Auft^ JAt, la^d.A^Hl t6 >«n. 



Eacrrd Lo thp inenior7 of Fiiafcci*, dmnjiTiHr ot 
TFiomufind TiFlty CofipfT, who died JaoEiftrj 
nth, \Mn. t«d If fFAlfl; dto KuEABrTH, 
UiHrdBn^fhUr.iIkd April iQth, l&u, i^cd i^A 
ynra, 

Svrvl lo Lhc oipmcrj nf TaoHia ConriPT whg 
died Octr. £th, 1814, iRfid O ram. Aluo ot 
Bn-TT CoorER, hii vidow, w^ died Ffbn. 
V«rd, IUI,ac«1 IHyun. 



flCmiiccr nren tbo OrmT« of 

** WhOH tOTRld iHHID. wltll bU W*lj(ht OpttlA 

Of hftmin Uli, now riuki I0 downj nvL 
Thv EidDHd ben no man iLBUiUilmb kfrpa ; 
noivth till* Itaoh Uw laflCrtnjT vlcttan ilaop 
The coHltet^ put, ttarnal bllii hb own. 
A vnctoni Ood, lad D ImmorUl ctowil' 

T^r ibnve ludJoA UUloed the ■«« of M T« 
obL Feb. lOtb. mil- Hfl wu Mual lor 
Cherelttr Peter SelLv, tnd CUiK hU ^d^ oT 
LdeDeOea^ 



To the iDnn«T of Hah Ahvk. Iba btforei 1 
of GMtme Celt, And diuj^ter of ThOBU 
BaTly Cuiiper. nil of thia pej^ah. Sb* wad t 
At Nurton, SMb Aj>rfl, IfllTn uerrlfd at 
(^hnrchSlit AojcL, lUO, vtd dlfd u th* 1 
Unie,iArhApr11, >flJUi,kn Uie i«t>i T«v of 
jiitVr Her ihort Irita vie nacfel, dHerfnl. 
duLllbl ; b«r d^th rich Is Ulb la hA- Savla 
lin- left oA-repMied prefer bcUktf, "O Itf 
bend my vlU Iv Tblnfr'^ 

Th; Ulb ni iboTt. Uiy cb«-M. modal lAtt 
Of iluly'i nnlfh'd, r« <** betler hetJi 
Filled wDTneii'iinlHloD; ei thToojih llfh jon tn 
nirpx dengbur'i, Chhitlen'e bunbia vilk 1 

•^ o.( 

Soma tomb— Svred to tba iDnurr «f TVoi 
eon of ThoniJH ud Gtlberbie Go^xr, 1 
nephew of i>ie Above, «ha dkd the ntfe 
October, ISU, ifed T j««n uil 1 BKBtln. 



Sacred to the momoiT "f "r. WitUAX Cin» I 

of thli ;wFlitL, wtiD deputed tbtellft odIh 
da; fif H^Tcii, 1M^^, la the 7Ttb jcerofliLi « 
iUhd HahhaH, Tlfe if Mr. IVflllem CmU, of 1 
pu-l»h, who died li^th of Junarr. 1S19, efrad 
yeerfli iml Habt Ahm. 4th dAni^ter of 
Bbuve, died Feby, IBXb. 18M, efred IB jea 
bLao Edgab, Mm of WilLlam bid Huineh O 
died June lAlh, 1H3?, Atced 13 rraii; 1 
Eluibetb WJLLXTT.eldntdauehUrref VUU 
end irannab Celt ; ihe dlfd al Home, April ( 
iJMia, aged W 7Hn, ud wu borfcd In I 
TAolI. 



mtm 



189 



NOTES AND QUERIED 



1, Retnarkabie Discovtrrf 0/ Saxon Coins at Waskitigton. 

On De<;cinbcr 21, 18GB, in tnromg up somo groxuid on Chancton fs^rm 
(ncnr tho fauiona ** Cliant^toubury Hir^" — perbapa tho moat conapictious 
object ill our lovd/ Wealik'n mid Soutli-Down acenery), JiiiJ on u spot 
where haA previiMTjjIy been ji bnm and fnrm-y&Td, as doublU^^n uUd n 
house, Uis plough atmck ugam^t an earthort jar or ^croctc/ and et^attcred 
About Three Thousand Silver CttinSt which turucd oat lo be ptnLitieA of 
&BWABD Tim CoNKEHFioii aitil Hakollj, ijL tbu LJ^bcst poHHihlu dUte of 
preRorvfltioTi, looking agifthcj hAiljiist 4:onw! out of tho h^nilaof iho 
inoQcjor, They had evidently boon placod in a luathcrn bft^, nivl tho 
irholi: Jepoe<itod b tbe crock. Tho Iflboiirers tooknway ffeyerol hondr^^ia, 
and Auhl IhL'Ju b^ handfnJH (uiidor tho improsAioii tbat tlwj wen< tin) for 
puts of hei^r. Mr. Charlee Bottuig, thu teuaul of tbe Farm, eecured 
Bbuut I, GOO from his labourcraT *^^^ Jalivorod thom up to th« Sohdtor of 
tho Tr^wurj, whu ilfliuied tbe hoard as Treasure -TrovL- 1 purchased 
fthuut 201), whlcb I at uiiOK baiidtt] ovor to tin; TntHatir^. Hod I not Hon^ 
Bo^ they would probaLily have f^und tbeir way to tho moltiug-pot. Tbo 
^ad included many ooina minted at Lewce, (JbicheBtcr, aad Stoy- 
ning. 

I momoriaU^od the LotJr of the Tri^asnrj to allot a portion of thme 
which I had purctesed to lbs local Mneeumsoftbe Counlj, at Chi- 
ohcAtcr, Brighton, and Lewes ; and thoj havo boea pleaded to grant my 
laqtioBt. 

I bare i^oiitnb(it*vl pappr* on thf nabjtfct Ut the Society of Antiquanea, 
to tbe Areha^ub^cal Jngtitiit<), and to tLo British Museum. The MuJaL 
Di|iarta]crt of the IflBt-meiitioiied Iidtc made b cnTefiil oxoiiiiiiftlion of 
tJio ivhoh', tbe ruriuJt of nhioh will Ire i^ubiidheJ in tho Numismtide 
Journai- 

As a fidl memoir of tbis discovery will be prepared for thonext volutue 
of Utevu Culleclious, it ta uaaocr?a6ary Lo odd onythiug to UiU brief 
notice. 



Jankh Bgck- 



Farhftm RfCtory^ 



The intimnti; historical OT^ooiatitm between Harold and Hastings Bcoma 
to suggest tbat tbe lacit-namtid luvn B]i<->uld al^ bare H^cimcti,:^ uf tlicao 



130 



K01L» ASU QUERIES, 



2, The Ilamftera of Tunimj atul UurstpkrpottiU 

Hic Utc 31r Fip^, m Ibe contimiatioci of bb uoTiocs of tho ^' Soven- 
t.ieuth Cciitufj TraJepQicn'a Tokcun," in iLc prcceJiiiK Volume from 
Yotume XL, p. 17^, Hnya in u note; to a Totc!ii of W^illium Qaiuper, of 
" HorKOni," struck and issuod lq 1G53, Mr, CBTtwright in bis " Rape of 
JJraniber/' nniur the Lead Tivrrin^, bua the Fo]lo»ing: — " iUnong the 
fuiikiliofi Gonaected witli tliis pari^j, wu cannot otiiit to mcjition that uf 
IVilliuin Hamper, Y^*\.. tu whom the Kdibor b nnJer grtyiL obH^^'ationfl 
for much valuabtt- lUbiatanoQ." Air I'^igg then go«fi on to ubBorre, tltat 
ilicrc ie a pcdifrrtc of tbc HamjfOr fAiuilj in Cflrtwri^Jil'a work from liJM 
to 16^7] but that no WjlliJtiii liamppr appcarE iiutil tbc lutter year; 
vhen tlii^ro i'i a Willinm Hamppr nitii tioin><l m living ni Hurstpiv'rjioiiit, 
wAo M'oflfAfl Jttihsf of Mr. Cortwrr^hV a friend, lliifl latter st&tcnwitit is 
Di^t correct. Willium Hamjier, of Huratpierpoiot^ wna ancle to the >cetit]»j- 
Tiiftii to wht/ui Mr, Cartivright uc:kriowlcilg«s biiamOrto In- gn-alJjf iu- 
dpUted fi»r assi^Uncf', a-i will he Kpyii bjr tbe Pixiigreo to wbicli Mr. Figg 
refers, Tliioiafl, liio tiflh in deacont from George HoD^pcr, who marhed 
in irs6^, Alicu 8i:Uk'n, of SalntJi^tLHi, in Tairiii^, aunt of th« illustrious 
John Ri'blLnj, bad, l^enidi^:* Williiiii, who rei^iiicd at Hur8lpi(?r|»ii^li an 
Met son TliouiJifi^ who migrated from Siwjex aUiut tJm tniddle of tho 
lust ceiittirj, nod mottled in Lciadon as an iron muster-^ Ht^ aflenrards 
remoTeil to Dirniiiifhiiiii^ itben- he bt.'CiLruc cdcbrDted an a UunJwAre manu- 
facturer. Ha died in 1811. Iparing an oxtensive bnwncati and a ouisider- 
Me fortune Ui hie aon WilUam, ivho wan Cnrtwright's fK«niI, and nho 
died in 1 83 1, Icavin^^ three dimghtera only. He waa a niapiftrHtc for the 
t-ountJL-s uf Wnrwith and Worcester^ and F, 9, A. Ho fihowtxJ WJ t'arlj 
taB|« fur archh'ologicnl pnrsnits, for v^Lilo, during bia father's lifKnne, 
be, Qn a joung maDj travelled for bia Loueo, ho amncod liimEclf in sketdi' 
ing and taking noU h of the cbiircbei^ of (be {jlai'ce be pateed t1trOT]gb« or 
stopped at fur tlit' iii^bt, if hi* Jiaw anjLliing in Of alpuut tbeiii t^orlby of 
notice ; and IhoBO he coniiibntod, tr ith a brief dewripticn of each, Ut lift 
Genttffinati'it Magazine. Axnen^ tlietc arc nionj of onr fciifiscx i:biircbcE> 
Ono of tjjcftc, viK., Alboume Cbureb, Mr G, blade Butler aUudcs to by 
name at p. 1 02 <if Hiv preo^vling Tolunie ; and I bavt; but little douht 
that many of his othor rfiforenceo to the s^me peHodieal inebide some 
of hifi other coiitributionB- His metrical version of the legend of the 
DeyiVe Dyke ^rdl be fotuid in '* Tiiylor's tin*et'\ Garland/* and Blr, 
Lowi^r'n South iJnwnn, in his " Contrilmtioni t*^ Literature." He suh- 
sec[uentlj beeime the btstrjrinn of Wanviektbire, Thut no mtnlion is 
mode in the Uampor pedigree given by Cartw/iglit of the " Hor^om" 
Wiiliiiui Aribct L'ilLer fruai lii^ imi lehig unu of th« Tarring family, or if 
he WB& a di.«eeMdsnt, heojin^e ii wai^ not nf^ee^^Aary to insert hU nanrie to 
show the Hamper connciction with Uta &eld«iifi. 

EnWAao Tdknbk. 

!J, Tht S<.rpiiU vf Si. LtonartTs Foresi. 

In aji old tuno-book calloJ " Gftlch that Catch ean," od. 16C3. po^e 
51] ivitli the word^ beueath, occurs tbe follo^uig allugion to llit^ redoubt- 



NOTES AND QUERIES, 



191 



able Serpent of St, Loonanrs Farcat, alludodto by Mr. Lowot in Vol. Xlll 
p. 224, Of tho UiHtofj and sorrows of tUe "Pour a MniJ/' llie fragnnjul 
givfls lis no nccomit, *' Widow Trimdie" was & well 'known printer of ihe 

" I ^houlil bowl outrtglit to tell of the rest, 

Hovf tLia poor tt maid wan ovt?r prcat ; 

Tliertfore qukklj uoinu, anO n^ad for vour pennj, 

C.^me, iny henrta, "tin as good d hnrgnin a; cVj- yon liad Anj^ 

Horo'fl no SiiBBcic Sequent to fright yon lien? in my Bundlo, 

Nor vras it cv^r printed for the Wiilort- Trundle.'^ 

Kindly cornnmniculed 67 J", O- HaUiwcU^ Eiq.^ F,R^S. 



Monumental Inecrrptioik to John C'tnflt, in ihe Votlffjt dea EcoimiSf 

Paris. 

XliiB j^iantlcnuui, one of tlie few tjn^sex porBon&goa who foKowod the 
fottmioH of King Jami/s tbe Second after Itis abdication, w^ka mmobli^d hj 
iLe fftlli-n monarcli, aud resiJud with Lliu at Si. GHnimnK, uaing in tho 
Cflpiwity of Si?cn>tJir7 tt} bin Qiifpii, Mnry of Modana. tlis i4on of l>ni 
same Liamo wai in En^^land in tho roi^n of Qncun Anuo, and it nod ho 
who auijigcsti^d to liia intimflle friciidT Pof-e, the eiiljoct of " The Rape of 
thfl Lock," wliidi ia said to Lavti been wtitkij by Lhi? |>^etj while on a TiBit 
to Wast (jriiutead, one of the rasUencca of the Cnrylla, 



'' D, O. M. 



Piw Momoriio 

Dl"*' et Nob"'- IK Jobannia Cftrjl, Bftronia 

de Dunford, D°'- de llHrtin,^, Lad/bnit, 

Jkc, Anglin? Pari:4 JAcobo Ih et Jll. Magnn 

BritanniiG Uc^ibns ab Jnliuiia con- 

fltJiia ti docrcliorihns mandatis. 

Antifinissima generis nobilitale in Snafl^^fia, 

Angliie provinciaT necnon pnttlaro et Hubliini 

In^L-nio, Litcraturi omnigenn pspoltto clarna, 

ilic fiiilclarior fatinen inti^gntnti* et L*qi]ilatw 

Amore, iw insTgni orgn Principum liKiLimii' fiJi*' 

ob rjnam Dojioru' oninm' proscrip/Ofli*Tn pastUB, 

lirgiie in odTtraiB fortun* iidos ju^ficcla, 

Roro ojcj^ni|do, prima nulw numera, uvc luuri 

Nee honoris spo af ectiin, sod ot wiiam \ifg\ 

Comproharot fidom, dificillimis tompoHbus ndministraTit ; 

Vcm' pietatc ac kcIo catbvlicff idiponis 

Inngo clariflsimua : Hujus causa diuiuniu^ [n 

Aroe L>:nidinone» cnrcopem porpiifiRiia a&L 

Uuio ilEiielrnndJU qnktqiiid I niayjtnia nego^b 

t«tupi>ria fiabrijiGr<; ^Kttuit, aomni paivna 

et dotidijp iniinii^iTj Intinn d<*vovil. 



492 



NOTES AMI giKUICP, 



E}™3 impr-iroifl in panpcres niieericordia ecmppT 

emiciiit: bonmi pluR^, duin 7ivcn«, annuis 

BtjpeniTiis aTitit, gL una mmimain bunuttim 

pnrti^m chjiritatis H pii?Utis opcribas 

impoTidcnfJam tpHtatnciito lejepurit. 

Hoc ^ero colle^Jmii, cui vivena iiiiptns© 

semper favit^ ejuR in piam juvenrntia in«;i3tuU<meii 

zelo pcrpptuftin ifeljet fundalionem 

PrttFccli htudinriim, 

Crelo nmtuniF^, tru<rit]^ nt tinim pl^iitit^, in 
lenoetiile bonii obiil in oppiiJo 8, Lrsnnani in Laja 
prittie ddubs Beptcmbrf A,D. MDUCXL 
Req, LJi pace." 

The mecnpiion V4« copied verbatim et literfitim iu thg jear 1840. bj 
the TluY, ir. Longucvillo Joncrt, M,A., to vrhom all Briliyli antiquttHru 
ijyiii a ^reat ijebl i-if ^r^UluiJOf ami who Las kiuiMj C^murtltid this curiuuH 
and £oii]4>wbiit valuable record to me. 

M.A.L- 



^ 5. Quartfririg of Cadg'a Adherents. 

From the a<'<!oaiit of Cnda's Rieing td ^upe ; Aroh : Oo\l.f Vol. XVIII^ 
it is plctuing to £ud tLat ao many [participators In it obtained a panion. 
This county, liowevcrj vitneKsed some *ireinlfnl cxampl^'B oF [*nmsbinent. 
In a p+jtition uf TbLimiis Campuses ami Wiltinra Hnljn» shi^rifls of 
London, dated ^Ktb JuuiJ, 1451, prnjing fur a rfninQcraLion for cxpCTiaca 
ID diKiionin^ of tbt bodies of ctrUin tfaitorB, coiicenn*d iii the reMliou of 
1450, reference iH mnde to a writ directing: them to " send and ifi-ljvisr a 
quarter of cell NieLas Jakes, Btl«/nt of high lrc»Joii, to tbo Maire and 
baillffa of jeur citce of Cbicho^tro, in the couotee of ^a?sF:A." Que 
qunrter uf Lbit rebel vtts »ijt^]ii'iLi1ed in ttrrorcrn over one of llje gat», 
probably the EitRt or Romnn, at Chichester- the c4li^r quarFcrs vrpre ffont 
to Rochester, PortamoaltL and Colebo&tcT. T\i& docnment in nbii^b this 
statement occura ia to be found in tlie acte of the Pmy Ct»nncilj aad iu 
Sir H- EllU' Originnl Lettere, and baa been rtferrL'd to by Mr. Dnrrmit 
Coopor in bis paper ; but it would seeui t'> desBrve partienbr attention, as 
ebcwixig thnt wbilat tha niujoHty of tbo Subi^os man wiio folloAved Cade 
came, asuught boye been Biip[inHeJH frtrnj tbe cufilcni division oflbojx>uiily^ 
Weill rSifPHex ffflsftlsohelievpil ti^ tiodisuffyL'ted. Frum the foci tbnt it rtss 
devmeiJ OLicessary tbut the dtizens of Cbiebeeter ebould hnvc eo burribl 
a Hpcctaclc as tbe leg or arm of tbo unfortunate Jakea daily presented 
their ej'G^ it may be jnfL'rred thai tbt: ejly &nil neigbboiiiliood hud iiu 
been looked on iis allogother lovab Sir HurriK Nie!tla& r^Jiiarkj;, ** i| 
EOlcction of tbcee tirwub nn't cilieu in:it4!,itta Dil' mo^t disaffcotoit pnrU of 
Eagljtnd, Qiid ilia worthy vt otiflErration Ihnt bu fur from tlic crime:* (uf Iba 
in»i]i'^eu1s) betu^ held Ju iLbborrem^e, it wa^ tearcely pusBil^'i: LoinJar.e any 
one t4> couvey ihewe horrible relies to Lbe nbove-iuenfi'.kned plaei'S." U( 
■■Thomas Cbeyney, fayninj^ bimpelfto bo an eremite eloped iil<-vvl>eri] 



i 



^0T£8 AND QUBR1B3. 



193 



nTio.sf- l]ca<1 WHH linn^ ii|i nl Cnnterbiirj, whilst hh qiiartvrK iff^ro MiMit to 
London, Nonvich, ainl ihe Cia^^ie Porfs, it i« mcnliont'd (}ibI '* U7iiii.*lh any 
pcraooca dnret nor wnUti Uke api>n hem the ciiridgt* of the ftiyd ht'd and 
qua rttrn*, /or riow^c of her ItjvtaS' Li tli« prcfatB to ibe »cli* i>f the Privj 
Ccj^mril an inctd^'iit h nn^ntkiricil, from a poi-tL^mjiornrj mithorirj, ^hicJi 
taay he lulilod. provitig that Henry tliti &ixth wat? hioifiulf i^DmpnsaiojiiLtG otiii 
alien ti> tlic liarbflrons i^pirit of bis timns, "On inddeiiUlly seeing the 
muLilftLtfJ rt'maiiift of a truitor tlius fxiKifteJ/' said un cjewiluuHt, "Mie 
sUowfti tho ulrnogt horror. lynorntit of tht' m'?flaiii^f of suL-h Hn outrage 
on liuniftciityi hu ^nquircJ the ciuidiT, iind tin hi^ln^ tolit thut it \^'j^ for iid 
offence npoinet hia Bo/ftl di^iitj. he orders*! tlicin to If rcTntivttl, cx- 
uUiiaing, ' 1 will ni^L permit any ChrliitiaiL to ba treftLt^d in tills mnrneT/ " 

F. H, Abvold, 

6. GM Cain. 

A g'jlJ fioTt;rei^Q of Heni? VIIL, in an Bxcelient slat« of preservation, 
we^s dng np m Nnvemher la^t, at Ridgwood, in Ui-kliehl, hf a man gh- 
gaf^cd h\ ^rEibbin^ a hedge. J I nsv* tying ftboat two f^at helow tbe surface 
of the ^oil. On the ohr^rse side it Laa tht! bluff Kin^ in his roboa of 
fitaic. aitd crowDed, dittlii^ on bis thruuOf wiLh tbu eceplre in his right 
handf and xhn orb in hU l^ft, and a to^q ai Lis teat, with the Tegetid — 

HEN[UC: 3i D: Q; AGL ; FRANCIE: &t HIB : REX: * 

And OH the reverse are the anna of Frcini?^ and England, quarterly, sup- 
ported by a lion and a dragohf with ihiK Legend : 

IHS: AVTE: TRAN^ilENS: PER: MED; ILLUH : IBAT: 

(I.nke ir., 30). This legend was first adnpted by Henry V., on hts Roj4e 
Noble. Wti iit-^Li limt it vti tho rev«ise <if llje bemiLtful j^ohl lyal of 
Henry VI, nnJ on tlie ryal of Edward IV. At each end of the amis 

nr the throne is an iLiigel with expAmletJ wmgt. T\\& i^iau i> about the 
■izc of f»no ftf onr ilorhis, and cue nf tlip mmi intnrefitin^ poinn of tlie 
eighth Honry^a roign. It ie now in the jio&flc^'f'ion i:if Mr. I'Tincu of 
TTckiield^ This coin is oiaTketl by the ouu««ii>n of the letter N in 
ANtSL: 

E, T. 
7, VMation Bocla of Siasex. 

Thfl following references to tho different Heraldic Viflirnlion Books 
Ooanectud with this county, with XioltiB of th^ir duL^e and whuru they are 
to be fi-imd, may possibly be iinL-fuI ti^ the Stisnos Artlucctlu^ist. It is 
takuM frouL a manuiscript in Lhu Budleiau Library, Oxforit, lieadei.1t 
"*■ Noinendator Feeirtlinni. ijui Anglin et Wnllia, eonutalu* vi^itnrniil, quo 
uino, ot iibi autographa sou apogmpba rcpentt^tur. Liber Juliie An^tin, 
G*rlor Principalifl Ri:gis Anuoniiu AnglieorHui." 

Edmonson, speaking, in bis " C<3(niileL4i Binly of Heraldy," generally of 
11j{?bo vi-^ilutiom. nay:? thnt the eRrhtftt visitation book in the library r>f 
thoCulk'gflof Arms is that of WorcoBtcr^^hipo, BtjrkHliiro, OxFonUhirc, 
Willdiire, GluuLt'Mtcnshire, auJ Staffordshire^ by Benoilt, Clafuncieua, in 

2 c 




194 



IfOT£fl AKD ijUElLlES. 



tlic year 15^8-9 ; jijiJ that tbc lat(?:>t t^nmnuAfijoi} of viKiUtion ia da 
the 13th of Slay, IB^S {2 Jami?Q II), Tliia commbsioii was j^rooted to. 
Sir H«iiry ti^uiib Cic(»rge, Claroiic'mux ; and authorised Lim to vlsil 
proT[ii(<o from time to tJinc, ah often, And vh^n he should thJnk meet uid 
eoaTcnicDt for doin^ ec. Under the authority of thU commiflidoii. Si 
Henry bugon tU Tisitntion on the Mh dny of Jcily, lfl>*S. In iGd 
he codtiiiui^d it io tbri:i3 of thi? Wnnh» iei Luuiim ; aud be nfterrr 
pegialererT some perligr*>iis bo Into m Iho years 1700, 1703^ aiid 17iH- 

Whi?n Ibo poTTtTs <\i tht* Ciirirt MilitonF, or Earl Mftrshttl'fc OouH, 
ctastil. because ■ Constable of Euyland wtvs not itppoitilci!, the oflicptB ftt 
an[iB conhl no li>ii; i r mnmlnin tlii'irauLhority. I'oforfi' their comniniids, 
pmiiah flelinq^neiit^, fio that L'omnii&sjoti« for x'ifiTtiilioiis, whirh hai bee 
granted ocL-asionfllTy from the 20tb of Heurv Vlll. to the ye»r 168 
were no longer oppliud (nr. 

And Goiigh, Bpt'Hkiu^' in conimendutKin of these visitations, sayrt that 
tho pasaioD for presorving and mithetiticntiiig p«di^ri!Ga find nnnorial 
eiL'4ig]iA continued f omewhai more than a c^nttiry. " 1 i.'annot help tliitik- 
iuf( it a ujreful one, uotwitlialimdiiiK tlic conti-uipL vt« now nlfcct to put 
upon It, and the Ccdleye of Aim**, T!ie flpini of chivnlry, so fertile of 
geiif!ri>rts and lionourablu sehievomcntE, mnintamml itself not a little by 
the distinction of rolls auJ family Icarirt^t*. Thetic vert^ taadti at oncc 
tjie guerJoub of valonr anil thi: guanKuna of property, Tbero vru 
time when our herahk werf otir eeueors; now they mn^t fi^rva to a 
our antiquarian rcsearcliee." 

The e>;tnict frtini Aufitis'a Book of References, 9S far aa it relates 
ftuflsex, is as follovvs : — 
*' A Jurther iiccount of Vinttau'on Books, and in iohott hands they art^ * 



I 



once 



AiBis B. 81, E, 15. Old Anne B. 10, 

Nom- Mil: aub Edw"^ !., A., 17, 

Boalftgia U. 6, pp. 15, 53, 113. 127, 203, b. 276, b, 307. 

Without dflto in Offici Armor. D. 13, G. 18, 



Tkomqa Dcnoilt, Oftr: 

Kobcrl Coot, Clor: 

J. Fhilpot, Bomerscl, nnU G. 
Owen^ York, fr>r Sir John 
Eorongh, G"" , aud fiit Richard 
8' Georgp, Clar ,■ lu 0(Bo : 
Armors C. 27, oociUitie 300 
Podigroea. 



1530—90 b. 

i;>74— 82 a 



13. 
14. 



1033^90 B, 13— XI 
66 B, 10—65 
arid fifi A. 19. 

163i— [Mr BristoT, of Prie& 
bftvs, has a Curioiia 
ViBitation Bock, in 4"^*; 
Inken- in 1G3^, |»a.rtly 
ttWon^ pad pattly in 
trick' ; aiiJ Mr, Burrcll 
Lafi one of the 
dal«.] 



1 f^jyp. afiandina, 

= Thi» otfpy is cow in the pDE^drNudon of the family of 81yB, of UflUaluun. 






NOTHS AND QUERrES- 



195 



SirEilW^Ilyftslir, Clnr: 16fi2. snj fini^liflil in IfifiS. 

El>J1 : O^forJ ; and one 

by 6ir B. S^ George, 
Nomiy. and Sir Willmm 
Segnr, GarUr.] 

In Coll: R^: Oxoai 

[A cup/ wui &l Mr, Sheldun's, at Wcat^jn, id Kilb ; No. ISl J 

Edwaiit) TukKCR. 

S, Stephen Vine, of Lindfdd. 

In tha Utter half of the laat centLiry thero resided at Lirdtiold, a roty 
iDiGfciiious and intflli^i^nt r^L^boolmnatai-^ namtid i:^t«|ilien Vitic. Ud woa a 
grvat lovc^r of ajitiijuanuu purbKiln^ and a fieqinjiit cualriliutor to ilia 
pO^H of llie Ge'trlemjin' Ji Atwjnzias, on Sua^ov sulijeL'C^. 1 utii dehiruiia 
of aaoerUimng somewhat cf liU hUEory, thii dntc of hia bLTtb and dcatJif 
his familj conrK-XLoru^, and. fibcrt all, vlint bccauii) of tti9 mauiueriptfl 
ffliioh be doubLluea [xisaussed at the time uf Lu dtatL. 

M. A. Li>WKii; 



9. Ancitnt St^ntt /o^irtd nertr Ma^ting^. 

8ome tiifio sinne a bronze signet of circiilnr sliappj and esflctlj in 
diameter the R[ap of BiKj^enco, was founi in thia neijjhlxjiirhood bj a Lady, 
an<l it ta no« m the Lauda of lier son, ni^ident at LiTeqioeL JL » pro- 
bably of ft Tfry tnrly part of the I4lh Lvntury. Tlje centre of the deyico 
is a ^ beater' tibiBld, and the amis (as Mr Lonfir infitrmn me) are — 

Qwir^erhj, I, ^nJ 4- ' - - ; 2 un'/3, frctu'-y in thtfusi quarter a cross 

The eurrounding legend appears to he— 

+ S. ESTEVE LE HlSIER^ 

bnt it IB BO pxtremely iTKle in elocution that T am not ceH*dn of my 
reaJing; and the LK is faiilty. 

1 aboil be ^lad of any infonuatjon concerning Ihi; iudiTidual to whom 

lis si^utt Kdun^cd, ftnJ eaitctially to learti whclhtr any faniilj of the 

were connected with SuifBex; but it ap^icnrs to me to Ihi a foreign 

ToouAa BoB0, 

10. Rtminn, Remains at TiVtrtfiharrt. 

Tl^o workinRn cniployeil l>y Mr, John Wood, of IHcksluil Place, in 
di^^ng itut tbc trciio)i(a for tho foundation* of a largo conservatory, 
which lie bos erected at the cnslcrn aide of hia honae» diKOvcred, at tho 
(Icptli of nliouttwo f<^i^t, a cini^rarT nrn of nnbnkod claj^ and a spear-b^jELil. 

2 3 



196 



^QTILB AND QUERIES, 



For want of protection Ihp nro waa bToIwti ; and the spcor-lipod was 
mucli corroded. Both arc uiiqucstiooablj Homnn, The uiii, jvtdgiin^ 
fruni :lii^ frui.^iiitinis of il which T saw, jmij Ah;i:}i, if Lhe^ bdJ hi'Oii put 
together, the whole, I tJnut, wouM Iiavo hocn fonnil to be there, must 
liovc atuod eight or ten idcLcb high. I'hc apear-hend won about four 
inchos long. Tbis U an udditional proof that tlioe^t turlj invaders 
ofoDr countrj diii not oonlini> their ojn-rntions to the Southern parla of 
the coontj only, U8 was for man^ joarp thniJkj;Lt To hnvA bt'Gn the co*0; 
but that tiey madf UK'urriions into tho great Foroat of AmloriJoH 
llif'kAted would he frum ihn^e to four uiikg weF^t of tbe riouinn RoA^I 
mtiJiin^ from the Portu;^ Adurni of rlie Noritia Fruvinnaninj, wliich ia 
(^nppofitid to hav^ be«D aitnai^d nt Akhiti^ton^ near Urightoii, iiito th« 
Willi known WatUng Street^ at, or *omewhc:re ntar to HronxbryT ^ Kent; 
tliti ueureAt pcuit living 8l. Johii'^ Conjinua, acrohti which thid viu paesed. 

E. 1\ 

II, An Artcitat Ifmtiags WilL 

A vill from the reeord-cbost of HaRting^f cf the ofldy date Hlfi, may - 
be of interest to fionic of oar readers j I therefore give a translation by 
William Durriuit Cooprr, Esq. Thf? gift of Emma. CopjHs U\ her 
pnrish cbm-ch ib high in com|>arifion lo thy two pencn gkon lo the fabric 
of the Ciithedrul L'hurth of L'hiduat^r. *' Tbt mending of the nay \*y 
Halton^' I praei^ma 14 tin? road [iow calluj tLe uM LunJun road. Thii 
n:nne of Salk-r ufu-ji cxjci^rh in tins Rac^urdn, jmrticnlarlj one fftmily thai 
kept ft refreEhnient house in High Strtrat, it tho cornor of what ia noiv 
cnlUd SnJter'e Lano. 

Adam rren^li, to whom ifi left 6s. 8d., appears likely to have li«en tlic 
BBine who lind latoly poKscd tJie chair ar bail ill' of ihc^ Hr>rongb, 

A charity in Haetipga bears the nam« of t|jf? Uector of m. Clt^mcnt* 
l»nl by wht-m and when ieft T di^ net itnoiv,'' ah this will h»i* bwu foTind 
iu thd corpi^rution Lbe^t. A a thisS charity ik uientiuuoil in acJi.<«d 4.>f 143'i, 
twenty yeai'fi later, it is not inipiYhhalil^ thnt it had bopo fouude*! by 
this rector; and tbat t3»e hoaae, &*:,, raGaticned in the wil}, fonneil part 
of the cndonment' 

The itbidencir nf Eium* Ctipjae wae cviJenily in High Street, and well 
(inppliHl with woojI for thp winter— thr L-onimoii fnid at rhat tijne, 

Tho will was aigntd ami jirovod in Iho Archdcocuoiy Coarl of LeWM 
within l^ days. 

*' In the Name of God, Amen. On the day of the ftainla Criiipin and 
Criapiiiian (2r»th Oct.), in tlie Yeur of uur Lurd, HIC, I, Kmmata 
C'o]tyM| hying of eoiiiid mm<\ and memory, miiko my TtHlamcnt \w this 
nianaer. Itiipnmis, T leave my soul to Uod, to tte blpfratsl Jlary oikil 
all the Saintf*; niy budj lo be hiirieil in the ehuivh of St. Clflmentj 
nf Hastjnga. Iltin, I lenvo to the Higli Altar of the Rame churcb, 
VM. 4d- \ item, to the fohric of the ^Janie chnrfh, Ifiu. 8d. ; ilcm^ to tlm 
fjibric of the Cath^dnd Cliurch orCliiLhi^,''tLr, 2d,; ituni. 1 )i:iiv»* to thii 
nmniling of thr way at HnltciiiH l^n. 4d, ; itoiii, to Adam ifren^iht, C.'i. «J, 
itim, 1 leave t(^ Jobnnnii iitt^jffeldv my best hood; iUm^ i leave tciJor.au 

a &IX SnJB 1 Arch r CoH„ Vul, XEY., p. Si7. 



I 



NOTES AND QLEElI£a. 



un 



ftUe Wiilla fi ' Lintb' and cover, and 4 ' fie wen/ (Plewo-neU); iLem, I 
leave to Adam Jovp oni^ pair nf ' LintUs' nnJ 1 curer ; ilfin, I li-flve tii 
TLouina UthorJ U.KJ uf Tdlwouil (Uro wooii uleft and cut in billi'ln) And 
l£d. i item, I leave Ui EJinmul Jif Haatjng GiE, ami 100 of T&lnuod ; 
iterrif 1 leavtf to Mar^ret Lyrjbaru, 200 of 'Talwoful utid 2 eWs of wiHiUen 
elolh; item, I leave to WiiUum MusUril J<iO ofTnlwood and l:iil-; item, 
I leare to ifohu Sumerj 100 uf TnlvrfUMl anJ 6d. ; item, to Acfnos Weld 
100 (if Talwood and fld,; iU"in> 1 leave Liikyer 100 of TaUooJ and Gd.; 
ii«iiL, I leAVi? John t^alierit ^ A hundred of Tal^^iod and Gd. Iti:m, I give 
nnJ ieava t« Sir John Unwtron, roclor of St, Clemflnl of nn^tyniTRT ft^d 
AiiatLi Qriinshi?, ull tbnt my tuuc-mcnt, psituatc, \fitb tbc f!;nrdh^n adjoining, 
ill the bald parish of St. Olomf?nt of Hn^tyiig, t^v^.■^J^Tbo^^;, and on all 
partfl betwptn the lt?tipment of Into Tbnmfts Rrewe-i' on (ho soulh, tbn 
toicmeat of Alice Attc SMa on tho north, ami the Tvati^r vmirao called 
the Boiimo ou thu e*it, ani the tuna's llfgh.vflj oo tin* A^esl, lo have 
aiul to bulJ nil ihe aRirc^id toiKincnt iviih ^11 LUl' apjiiirtenaneee to tbo 
f.nid Sir .liifin and Ailiuu, mid tbeir heii:-] uiid a^^jdgnf^ of tha ehiff I^itrdH 
of tbat fvQ) by the roatd aniL ecrvLca;] therpForo du<T, and nf ri^hl lu^k^ua- 
looied for evi^r.* Neverthtilens, I will tbflt» imniediatelj after n\y decease, 
[iij haiJ teuemeDt be Mjld by the nM 8ir John and Adum, mid tht- money 
r^oeivad therefrom he di^llri^"lted for my soul and tlif eouls of my kindred 
(parentuni.) accoTilin^ ta the ritroirtioos of the Euid Ulr Juhii und Adam, 
MorciiTtr, all the residue of ail my goods not hcrtinbefore Lequ^^athcJ, I 
givv und Jerivi? ki Aly<:e Siiypinnn anil A^atbtt hai\fl. on tbo t'l^indtdiiiis 
following, and nat olhenvise, nf>r in iiQy other maorier, v\z. ; — that if the 
saitj Sir John and Aditni BWiushobaTe uud eiijoy uiy ^iJ tenement left to 
tlitiUv ae aToreenid, to sell und *i> rtcd^i? the iu'>n**y llicrcfrgm, to difltributo 
for ibti ln'alth nf my hohI, wiihoHt tnjp&Ument, hindrance, and difitiiTb- 
anc* of lln* wid AJyee and Apathn, thdr hejri or afisigns^ th^n 1 will that 
the floid Alyco anrl Afi'alha dinll have Uie enid reniduf^of all my goods 
by delivery of the taiJ 6ir Johit and Adam ; otberui^u T g\ye and leave 
ihe ^aid roRidne of all my goedn to tlie said Sir John Gawtion aiid 
Adam tfrcn&be, that tliey may orJer unJ difipoeo for the health of my 
?onl a^ diall necm to them bcRti for the peace of God and of my auuf, 
whidi aaid t?ir Julio and Adam I ordain mid jipjioint uiy csi'ciilors/' 
Proved befi^re thp otlioials of the Arcbdencrmry of Lpwes, fn the parieh 
church of St- Clement of Ha&tjnga, IJnj 6tb day of the motitPi of 
November in the jenr abovciaid, by the e^sCi^iitorfl, who Tvor<? duly 
^Horii U- deliver aa inventory. ULder the sea] orolJicc, the dayatid 
je^ir abovebaid. 

_ TiLouAfl Uiiaa. 

12. Rtman Rmuiiag at Chichntcr. 

That euch remainB sbindil he fijund in iliM City cvases t(» b<r matt^ir 
for wonder when wii om^iider that durJtig^ the Ki>Tuaii oei'Tifjati'm of tbra 
country, it wm tlie caj^itjil of thti kingdom of ibe Hegiii, uhit:h cmbrniv-d 
the whole of Bnyarx, and a juhrlion of lInm|Khiro and Surrey, Many 
imlkiaoi itiis people Lave already been di«:uvercd here. In proof uf 

* The MmDDP or br&ie irchidr4 |i)itt at ihc tlij^h Stmt. Jhidf p. fi8. 



19S 



NOTES ASD QUEE1E9, 



'Iilcli T nowl CTily rcfe 



tlie auciGnt iMgI of tho Tomple of N i>p1uaA 
ftui Mincrvn, whiGh war hrongtl t<j light in 1731 in rligging ■ t.r**ni'h im 
Nwrth'Street f>r tb? fouudatioD of the prcsont Oomnjil-CliMnbor, aui lo 
a RoDiaa Toti\'c nltnr of Purtlond sions. found in 1323, in (^xcavatio^ lhi*i 
gromid for ihu ijonfllructiun uf a coal-cellnr, near Llie Anclior Inn, in Um 
same stre<*t, tn preparing, a few jenra ego, fi>r tbe ofai^tirjn uf uciuifl 
houses ni^ar the railway ^tfttion, iulicIi ftoTnan potlarr, in a frn^DDntarj 
fttato, vu throwrk out with the earth whicJi it Irucanie nccirn^car; to remi^re- 
Ro'nmi fiiiiis havp Ufcn, atnl a"' *iti1l fn^imMillj fuiind in and alioat. 
ths city and a Roman pjipona^nt is known to 9xist in the groun^y 
of iha Bishop's F^Iaoo. Wbure tho Cathedral now stanJe a liomao. 
Ba:iilica ifl supposed to Imve previuiusl/ stood; coiifiruia^orjr evidouoa 
of which wiW dipci»7urfld during- the n|nTatioTiK which have btwtt 
Ift1t>ly carriL'rt on in and ahoiit it for tb^ purpoecB of iu rEstoration. 
WLcn the piCH which support ita beautiful tower nnd apirc were in 
the couTse cf confitnictioj), porLioiia of a If^^a^lutcil pu^cuii^iit vtem ez-« 
pofteil tu view near their bastes. And fn trencliing for the foundations of 
a rort'doE lost 3^ar, to take tbo place of ihp. oM comttiiLiitLiit tubl^^f ^ctctoI 
at^unrc jai'dd of similar Homan puvcuK^nl wrro hiij open^ It v/m Ivin^ aI 
u (iflpth of almut four ii^H from the e-urfiu:!', and n fw fttt Ut ihu *«tal uf ■ 
the Hp>ip of the oh! Norman Chnrch. Tiiste pfivenj^nts wore cnnstrnctcd 
of thu finiall red teoa'Jrje so oommc^nij' naed at that earlj period. 

E. T. 

13, PrticntmBftUt ^f., nt Baitings. 

The following goo! delivery, li^c, ftt Haatings, April the 20th., 1009|i 

will give some little idea of tlm Ktutfi ijf the town in those days : — 

'^ Thela aETiuies £ ussanlts w^'^In Uie jurisdicoa of the Conrt. 

Tlmt ib to sde-^ 

Tliumos AndrewpR, gent., 12*- asBanlting Anth Venntlls serrant. 
Briekt^nden, 'As. 4d , drawing hloud upon Jamt^s Brett, Thomas Couch- 
matif 12'^' aspaidttn/j a strani^cr, Janicp Brett, IS'^-aa^ault upon Jo 
t^cott. Jo, Lmj&ford, la-'Mipoa Tho, PiUier, John Brett. 12^u 
Rob'^ Smyth & Bicliflni Sniallvilh Junii?rj Erctt, 12''''iipoTi Ja. Sliiuf^. 
lelon. Rich, Eofltoii, 12"~npn Rob'- Porigo. William Whitfioldj 3a- 
4d.| bloiidbhod nppim Thn. Itu^oH- Tho. ffyshcrr ^^ 4d.f hlondsh 
npon a stranger. Jo. flyHdendi^u. 12^- upon Salr. r^tevenson. Will^ 
Mower, hlondihed upon llionias 8h(^rwood, Bs. 4d, It., an affray betwene 
Janioa Brottj \'l^- & Tho. Gre^o^* ^-^' It- tetweno Bich, MoUinexj 
V2^- & Jamea Brett. 12'^ K, bctweno Jo Uarnet, \^^- Tboiiiaa Downc^ 
12-1- & Edw. WiKme, \t^ It. be (wen e Arthnr« Breml, 12^- & Spofi 
Salter's man, 12"^ It., betweneWill. Uiiddy, iji^ Jo. Bnrkor'fl wife. 12* 
A Lewi-G Wilfm's wife, 12''- It,, bctwi.'no Jo. LL'Vcr'H wife, It'** Sc Jo 
ffi SSI? mien's wife, 12'^- li, hetwenc llauy Bnirfticr^a 'nifc, 12^- J 
XpofL-r's wife, 12*" &. Lawr f.iahrieira jrife, 12'*- iL, belwcna Ui 
Hoilea, 12*^- & Kich. KUmort, 12'^' 

It,^ that 8k' von Tajler^ Sa, 4J,, for annoying the Bowrne w"" koojiiiig 
lioggg, dnck^f and Aucb liJ^e in ht^ backside. 




NOTEi* AND QUERJES. 



199 



It., Will nx. Mover, G^'aniioTJng the Bo^rrno w"' tbo Biilledgo of his 
bokfift* bf A dyka^ and is villod to Jill up tia djke beforo j* 10'^ of May, 
painfi cf lOs^ 

It-, Tho, BrnboiiT incrwliing upon the hrghway w"* liU rijfca ftgainat 
tins Mjllfpild, Rbr w'='' ho hath componnded for his fine of JJs 4i1. 

lt.( (it^ori^o Dcunott, 3a, 4d.. Joha Sustoii^ 3a. 4d . ^ Kobisrt L<m*^, 
3h. 4d., milk*rs fur takiiijLf tull uxi'Msiv^u. 

It,, Willni. Wliitftdd, fur br^aWmj th<i eorn'm ponnj & riotously 
rosciiyiiff hrn catli'll, a:jnin?t 'Vho. Smyth'* survant, for w*^' he hfttb oom- 
pouiidcil for his line otGa. Sd. 

It,, they pri'suLit the tf* C wf^igfit \if Rlvh. Hotluboa) to lokck of his 
git- wpij^ht, iv"*k forfi'itetl- 

It, Will""' Moffiir, inurochintr oh thu hi^jhway bosiJes his house, who 
hnth, tlie 21'* Mny^ Ut remove ths nmne, painc of Cs. 4d, 

It , Will '° OMhlljEtm, iucrochirig on the bigbway w"' hiu hvdge, ognmBt 
Scro^indeiM, haih, Midsom day, to rexooTe it, pain of Si, 4d. 

It,, Tlio. 8taplcy, for ihutlini; tho foot pa'ifln;?^ towardii Nurthonda 
Crgssi;, and hath, the 10^'' jf May, to lay it out againe, imiiie of l**ft. 

It, Mr Y*>iing. for *t<ippin^ liiu foot pn'jsiige through his meadow to 
the hinlton, nt*w amemkMl and layd out. 

It, Bi>b^ Hukyiie, (>''■ John Olorden'a wife, G'^- tSijo. Uradburt^v's wife, 
G^-Mii*- Drift, O-^'^Ir. lluiUinl, 6^"& Ric"- FFrmdi, 0^' for^talling tho 
Di'kFltx buTin;^ lEinctrHlfl it fletlmg thtim Again? tn tho Bainr; rn^ki'tt 

It-T lUlihiBr Eainoldfl) as,," Josh Rogtrs, 5a , John Gorey. 2<U , and 
Tho. Stftpley 203., fi>T not making Sd scowrirjR tbeir fiev'ull ditchc* on 
both sjdes the bi^hnaj Itailing to Northeuda Crosse,* who hnTe, midsom 
<lfty, to st'owrn it innko Ibptij, [ffline of £5. 

It. Mr. Young, hie bank ahott dowiiu into the highway, who bntb com- 
puundod for Ss. paino. 

It, Mr. Tho. Hay, Rich. Staplna it .Tr)hn IlaTiian, for tlitir banoka 
shott into the highway under the Castle Hill, and have^ mid^om daii? t^ 
remote Iho fciimc, paiun of '20b. a pcco. 

It'ni, Antb. Venncll, Ei\t'^- Smyth, Geo- Jervi*. Martyn Brahoa, & 
Jubn CocHnhfls, for the sutbilgc in Hollands Lane,' and thft dung betwnne 
John Cnomln"*' house and Weaiicirs Btahk', who have, the 21"^ dale of 
May, to ni€nd ^ rviuovG tho samo upon puino of 1CI&, a feat, 

IVai, Thomas Rowen. of bis <^ulUJge of hia gutt^fr rtiuin^ A lying in 
the hlrojit, ;vho hatb Ifke daii*. to mimd the fame, poirie of iSn. 4d. 

Il'm, Nifihn.^ Fui^t^^r, for hin dik'b not icuwrtsl, annoyin;^ the way Bgnmnt 
Mr. LaFhcr'fi land, vho hath luidHoiu' daid.to ^iiowrc Iht' Banic,poi[m of Gb. 

It'm, tho Lane^ from Tanghtct com to y^ Coonuy banks unrcptirod, in 
thf t*)WQe'e di>f»dt 



» Town Clark 

* IhJB atUDG Qrosa ftood at ihp partTnir 
□ftho ruad iiiTit Uii^li Slmt aiid All 
Hainta Struut, nvar (he Blaie. 

^ T CDDuot imoo wh«n3 Hollands Lano 
was HiLdAlei 

■ Wlien llu' tLili! wa)iii[t, l)i€ sua flowed 
thriju^li the dia&riulB oE Doty Trinity 
and St Autirow'a, up to Hola Farm, 
thaa prvvcQlipg cgreia trova the tova 



wMtnnn] ; uE Hiioh ilioeq LMi lani^ wna 
uwjI ; it p>u.r«d by Tau^jU Curu^rOa 
Hill SlfCFt) uvtiT tho WoAl Hill bv thg 
" G>i>nny^ Bauka,^' Ihnriigli tliA }oag 
fiblJri, by IdoUDt Flouant^ making a 
■ Ittoiir of ttiQ vitlley, Ihi'n piui^Eng' tlie 
MagrlulpiL Ha^pEial it finally Juinc^l tbe 
coai^'road at Warrlon' Qaia Cauvr War- 



200 



Nona AKD QLIUIES. 



liiiuAi^ ill y* *tn3nt luforo lli*inli>rn, wlii>tiBTi-> tli« afl*' of Uftf, Ip 
affjiy and rl**ii*ii the J*ainr. jmJiip of 2». a p(*pr.* 

U'm. -lohu FawtU'y, Tbo. Sliydu, Duimy^ DulTblt, Rivh. U«rr«v, Ji 

Mitlii'll. joiito -luliti BrL'tl, Will, tinwm, Th'i. l>Kir<*n, .1-. 

rtri:nt* bofiir-" tln'ir sl'^'ciH 1j<hi*<'b bn^lsoii £ nnrvi^Aiit^i, «£til 
&• .JaiiiLM riaie t^i ujt'iiO tlnj *auM% [laioe uf Je. 4(1. i iiei'o. 

hy John BroU, aris votj dnnj^ronii fop fior.**' AiiU limt Uie L^ 
till? B-iumc, btl<jw tlic Ci>urtljome, Yfhcrw*'' ht Wwclt <!t jc4U;tii 
mult in tht'uij is very commit miJ unwholstune fi>r iouu's b>h1y. ]i is 
therforn tliFLl h(«nKriirtfi he dinll not fif*tt up huy |>ut gt^lly lo tnko ut) 
tLorc, biiL thi- >iii:»o r^balbe itik&a do*nc. And b(? i? dirt^ii^r injojanl 
to Qhi- in Itrtwinp or ycftling uny of tb« Bi>wrnc water bctn cue iUe nuolft 
curnvr of llio GuurgB &. i]ie avb, upi^i puuv uf IDOs. 

U. IViU of CAnrtmn flft/tar, of Partiind^, ( iKiVfoiir), 

The nucioTit family of [Elalii^F hnVB for ftdranl o^^nttirlM b»«n eni 
with lliu Comity of Sushpi^ nnJ nilb ihr pavifh of l'ort#]aJc. 
|>c:digrre ijnakii in Lttrrj*s rfiiseei (jciii'iib?tii:s ((jp. fvO »iid rt7) 
Vif^. n!a4, cnmmrmvn x^iib Kdwuid llUkiT, x»bu miwt hav« l>c»ci» 
in thf rei^n of QiU'in KliscHboth, I'hi* fn|*oMiTi>7 »*i(oer|>tt relate to 

ArcliUi-acuurj Cuiift of Li.nTi'5, StL April, 157!)- 

Tlir princiial, or rHtbtrr the nuire cnnou^, bis]UPNlJ4 ure &fi follows:' 

'■ My body to W buried al I'urtyKlide- 

" I gcTG niid beqiiC'Uj vhUj ihf bigh cjbiircb of Ctiiobeaier vi*- 

"To Ibc puor of I'ortydudo iiij bnaboia of vfhctdc utd ij Li 
barly. 

*■ To tliL' poore i»f ftouth«<'lvf Oil'! biusb, of wht'UU* raid one hm 
of bnrly to ic ^ivc^li uuil l>cgtowi,'d unto Lbom u^'in onv ihodUi nwKt 
mj dcceriar, 



^ Tlda iTAfl BlIovTlng tbo niilqnaco 1o 
fi'main ODO moDlfa, Tlie Io^^d hi ihe 
preieni Ilmo in viim|iletmg Uta draiiiii^ 
nt n Tunlmr c->*i of j;?4,Mx). 

'"Tliini^u? lb(!i-e!tLriil*:d bri'Wflfy froDi 
wlient'U tSu ct>r|ii'rnliori fupplJi-il tticir 
Viirrnuulli IriuliifA iliiring Midr sojourn 
iTi rli4v1 (nhvn, ^;iniLlQ.r finlrU'b to Uie 
foLlo^^lri^ lU-o nitffi TY\btW- III thoT 
JouriiAlA : — ■' IJ*'' Oi-'liiljiT, ] t,fH^, Wtrtliit^- 

ntlji* in*i1irl ihviiy). llnTif oimi* fi> u^ to 



dinner, nt our Irt^gin^t the ItitjIirfB vf 
taut Si of l-h« iiriAt-n; yvur wiih il 
wivM. nlsu Mid ohii-E ol 11h' S4'^ 4| 
tlimr wr^'HA. aluo Uie (own nlnrk hti.l 
KELiL^nU 4jiO oiliiT ••'" 
all \i Ikich ivtiiLj>nr>^ v ^ . J« 

COItJU i>r ll'lOt mill UI^b_l ., ,.. . 

Kout<l ndunt : |^>^k|h(lillllJr 4l tUl 
Dtbi]r nifi^Eliif^our Inhere vhSfih 
M-nL tu Lie, j^ivu iftDAt cuuli^Dt to 



irOTES AND QliERltlS. 



201 



■ 



I 



'* To Riohiitd Ctwk. of Bolikcy, nij sormc-m-lAV, ij qcattora of whoite, 
and ijj *]tiflftera of liirly. 

'* Tu Agues Ilia wire, mj JuiigliUrr, weurinij ripparfil, Ac, aud tn tlitir 
cbildrea Ejlward, Richard, Agriea, Williiim, Ali*re^ UQil Jano, fforty 
stiilliiijcrs a ^ecQ. 

'* Tt> Joha Bi-'ard, of Rottiujtdeii.^' iiif sonw-io-lawei ij qnLTlers of 
wIiuaLe auJ iij cjf badej ; to Anne Bfl&rd. my dnngliter. liia wife, uiy tfwt 
ruEset Ca-ssoot ; to th^ir children, Edward, Barbaraj John, ^nd Thooiaa 
Eoard, xl'- a pcco. 

"To TbomM ffoifgiiia. of Aldrinnton, toy sonti«-iii-l«re, ij quarleraof 
wliealfl, and iij ipmrtere of harly ; tfl Aliw, niy daughior, hia wife, mj 
fii^nQ'l riia^LH CAEBOckf my b^«t worsted kertlii, and a jteticole ; to diQir 
ohildreri, Chnstmn, A^ncs. Civrhara^ and John iTo^^iEiRf a:L'a peco^ 

*' To NicliolaB A/ary, of Old 8Uori'liam, uij touiio-iu'lflwc, ij (Hiarters 
of wheat and iij of barly ; to JJarliBrn Avery, my Jaiighl.^^r, tbe vvif of 
the eatd N^Jcholas, a Gcu(er)let of blevo and Ted yarno, &c- ; to thoir 
children, Nicholfl^, Willinm, and Marv. XL* a pccfl. 

"To Edward Blakyer, Juliti B., Cliridllun B., nud Tliomas B.. the 
chfldri^n of my noiinn Etli*iM, it* n pocp.. 

** To Robert tlnttifroy, Kalh^^rino Patching, and Dorothy Hiimfrpy, 
tlio said Robert's aiatcrs, and to every of ilioniT sdj'iT^ 

*' Thv residnci lo Edhard Btaktir, luy sooite, iny full» aole, and only 
Exeonlop. 

**Ov«reoepeof mywill— Thos. Boedfl, of UpwnUhiwn ; Tho, PdUtt, of 
North Stoke; and John Tbomas. of Sotitliweek.** 

It ie cnHonfl to observe the siinple logacieB of a gentlowomait, siioh as 
wboat, barJej, and wen ring-apparel, k> h«r noar rL-:lalivtiti. That tho 
tcatatrlx^ wnfi a kiud-ht^arloil inoLUer aud ^raiiJinolher is very Lkp pa rent. 
Widow larli^-s of that periiwl had little? money to dispose of, fl^i all ti'Hta- 
niujitary arpangcmonta wuro UBnally madu by tho husband in hit lifetime. 

Eilward Blakcr, the eoo of Chrietiuo BJoker, had by hia wife Soi^an, 
dmight*r of Tupiien Bcrnfie, Esq** of West Biatobiiij^^loii, a boh of tUt- bume 
ChrisjJiin nanK, whose Son, alao an Edward, repres^utt-d Hhon'ham iti 
Parliflmcot in ]tt71. And it may he oihicd, that at tht> proeont day an 
Edward BInker, a dettetidant nf a junior branch of tho family, rosidta at 
rurtdlttde, in a Ijighly rf'j*pci*(aMo ]Hu,itioti, It is viry mrJona t<J notice 
UiE> adh?rena« of oar Sofisetf fAmilies tu tho paternal aeitii. 

" NcBcio qna natule solum dtilcedino captce 
Diidt, &t immi^nioreN uon Miiit esse rui/' 

15. Lay Marriagat at Qi^dt. 

In Vol. V> of the Bnsflex Archaeologicil Collectioofl, In Mr, Blaanw'a 
•rtitdo on the Civil Wnis, Htrlicrt Morli>y, Esij.^ of Glyade Placo, figures 
as a considorable pi?rponago on the Parliaiiieiilary side. He was a mnn 
of aaoivnt family &nd good e^tato. As tho ohimsh vna TirtuaElj &i;t at 

■< AuoMto of tliu hI^iJj.e9Utim<>fl family of that nnmi! Btlll rer^^iileot at 
Botthi^ikaii, 

2 D 



202 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



nought in ihtX tronbloiis pi^riod, most marriiLges were fioUmm^ed before 
tlio citU magistrate, noil Mr, Morloj Bteois to hava hieit muuh rerjortcd tO- 

In the rL^giBltjr uf lliis juknsli tlia inarriagea contfacteJ before Hofbcrt 
Morley^ Esq., are lialj otitereil, between July 17, I6rj5, nud November 
ICj ie57- The pei-f^OTin so mflmsd came from tlio parishes of ChaKing- 
ton, bouthoTcr, liri^htbdmstonT Hingmer, Majlield^ BuxU-d, Uljifti, 
Berwjke, A]t;bUJu, Duiiinglniiii, Pulinir, Weatfurle, Tiirriiij^-Ni^viU, 
fir^afoTil, Hastingrt, Alfriston, Chittingly, Kings ton -BftWEoy^ HaTigletoii, 
Frautri'ild, Hajlon, Bjpo, alius Ackiugton, BurwoEh, Waldroo, aud^i 
BarcoTub , 

lb ia a matter of curioua aiiquiry ffby pcraoiis should ha^o come [a 
wtrtoG instmicea from rcinoto j^laui^s, to be married bj the Glyndt^ JuHtice of 
Fcico, 

Wm. »a St- Gftorc 



16. Extfacts from the Journal of T^iotnfa Palmer, of /ffffl- 

The following extrncts aro from tho jonrnal of Thoraaa Palmer, of tba 
*' aiicknt town" of ilye, kept by hiLa iliiKng bia Bojoura at Yannontb, itt 
1645, reprusflutiDg tbij west Porte B£ thdr barliff during Uk* hsa fair gf 
40 days. 

1 haTo Belectcd tho luet twolvo doye as a flpecimon of the hearty »nil 
jovial raauner in which the Borona carried out the dudes that devolved 
upon th^m, nfler tha HfjnaiiMes wtre got over, which invariably com- 
menced fl'^ «LiOTi aa they entered Yarmouth — for preewdeuey, the ordering 
oJ' the Coart ; or, what appeared to bo to them of great importonco, the 
occupying u aeat under a portion of tlio velvet canopy. The men 
Yarmouth were niiicli Himoji-d tbat tha Bnrona of the ports should i 
on puUitig on their hats whon tboir eouimissione wero read. Their 
fcufiwera w^rc, " Wc put on our cnpa in Wcfllminfltcr Abbey when Iho 
Kiu^ ia cruvfiied, and wu do not hesitate to do tlie some Leforo our 
hrrtthoT BaSlitTs of Yarmouth, in whose town we have equal powsra and 
j lib doe ^tb tkem^elvea.'^ 

*' Chi Wednesday, tho 8th October, in the forenooue, we walked on t 
f^nnye, s-nd in the aftenioijne alao wo waited on the said quays, and aboat 
the wulla ami d<?nm', and foiiuil do disorders- neither WttS Ihore any 
complaint mode to Mb tliia day. 

" On Tbtiitidiiy, the "Jtb, Lflwretico Wcller, Thomas Curteis, nnd 
Hltendants went to the Iiouho of Mr, Baillfr Rowe, aecording to our for- 
m-^r invitation, and thero ilined ; whero we ha^i great eli*ftf, and pery 
giMMl cnteruiuuicnt and welcome; whefo dined bir John Weutworth, 
who very kindly tnd eo-rnebtly invited me and njy paTtnoTj and the rest 
my company, to his Iiouke, called Soudett HalL 

*^ Un Friday iQLh, according to former appointment and adjoumm 
of the last courfcT wo rcpairod lo the Cuurt-Heo&o at tho prefixed hour, 
flltendetl hjour ofilifts, wbere wu alnytd uot long; hut the Buliifs 
Yarmoalh came to i]*i» and did htdil hi*i Majesly^s neciind court. 

" At thie court the Bailiff?- of Yflnnoulh demanded the calling of 
court, and crying it oti by their cltrk and aergeont, in regard Jt was d 



tbe 
a of^ 

rh-ir^n 
he 

UK 

nd I 

rat 
my I 

Vir- 
th, 



KOTES AHD QUEKIE9, 



?03 



tha likfit ^niirf, bj nnr Hi-rk ami ^Brgi^nni,; li> vvliom wi> nnnw^rpd that it 
ought likewise to ba done hj mxjt clerk aai Bergoant, la rogitrU it woe 
<I<»ne tLe Uai ci^ort hy our clerk and flergennt, every court daring our 
a^o<]t] here tlii^ free fji;r, &Dd the liku uould belong to tlii-m th<3 next 
jear ; ind that we vere not to take fiimfi erery^ cowrt ns th'^j prett-ndedT 
wlktirh, bft«r ar>[UG dcb&ttj, ^as g^rantnd to ub, attd tbc coort woe calledf tbo 
juTy lilterrise, and tbe court udjoumcd, bj our sold cl^rk and tiergeaot. 

" At tltis court tre had confer^uce whh AJderman Jobnaon and Abler- 
man Crane, wbo were warned into the oourt nboxit Willinin Wheatlpy, 
bJB biisinvet; and compluint, \rbicb woti fur tha water baiti^^of Yarmouth 
Btopjiing hU vcBsel Iving in the rirer ttere. takiog anoy hia anchor, 
his payment nf a ijiie of forty sbillm^'a set on him (lie Insl year save ohh, 
by the aaid Mr, Jo^mson and Mr Cr&ne ; and twdre diiriinga And two- 
pence for tovrnoa dutioe, and for his loss and hindraTicc in tho enid royagc 
(bfr hartng di^char^ed his gooila and pnyod cu^ioiu and cxcbe for tJie 
Bnins» and Uh-n in their other r oin modi ties) ; we tohl thorn the Gdd 
WhoBtTey doHired realitation of his ^e, and aotne othi?r- eati^^foction, 
which, if ho rcci>ivod not, ho van rosolrod to compJain to the J'arliamf^nt, 
hi »ho&e service he lh. To wLii:h they answured us, Lk&l be iiiighL com- 
plain whera he vonld. and tbi'y woubl juBtifj well enough what thty had 
done ; and further that tht^y gav^ the bailLQa of tbe port« good satisfoc- 
tiou thcriMU the lacit year, and that tbey wi<ihed the saiil Whcallcy had boea 
berc at Ihia courf<, &fi well as thcy« to wliom we ULfiweredf tha fault was 
iiuL tjura, f<>r we g-avo him aarnitig of it, 

"Thie day wt^ wiih tbt* EniliJfa of Yurmonth, ^rarited our puBs^ at the 
TGf[nest of a UeronsJiirc man, for him to pass to Dartmouth in Dcron- 
ebire. frona whence he L^auie, and iithftbileth; having bt'cn here to bpi^ak 
vilb one and n^ceive aome monies frf»m him, who tbefore be rnmf) 
wuff «!«ad ; to wbieh Dartmouth laon wo allowed a tnotitb'» time to travel 
to DarttnonMi, nforcaaid, 

" On i^aturdavH 11 lb October, we a^a wcntiJito the market as before, 
where we found tlifngs in good order; and tbe[i Mr Bailifle Uowa 
requei^ted us and ourt^id durk to goe to bU boose^ whtre hu kindly 
entertained ue with good becre and wiuo. 

'* Tiiis afltnicwn our two sU'wards* rh., John Graj ami Ttiehard 
Harlden, by our appointment, went to invite and did invfta Ibe BailiffeB 
of Yarmoiith and their wives, divers of the ublemiGn anii com<>ti 
conneil, and tbfir wiTcs, the two miniatccs &nd thiiii" wivca, with certain 
gentlemen hesitlep, oud their wives, to our feu^t, on iLe Tuesday following. 

'* Un fioDfiaj, the 1 2th ilay of (Jt^t^lMr, we went, attended by our 
officers, to cli«rcbj ood took our placet an hefor^, wbero Mr, Whitfield 
preached ; and after the said a^nnon ended we, w"* the said Boiliffca of 
Yannouih cnmn on the ^een ntar tlie churth-yard §;ate, the accnstumod 
place; then atainling next our officers, wbo were all oti horaeback mado 
the accoiid proclamntioix, which being road our aaid elerkfl and oflioera 
did ride to Ihe uhual places and there road the same p'olamocon, and 
then returned tn tnit lod^ing^ In the uftixmeoit w^ went a^ain, utteaJod 
hy our ofcers, to the church, arul Iheve tiKtli fiur places h^ formorlie, 
wbero Mr. BrineUj pioochod, and made an excellent fttirmon. 

2d3 



204 



NOTES AND QUKKlJild. 



" Oa Moniifty, IStJ] Oct"b<^r, wc, witJi our clorke snd fire of oar meiv 
as al&o ttjiT Fiiviii Mt. WlLLilieU, BctoTcljiig ki oar fonner laviuiioot went 
to Sir John Wrntwnrtb^ wbpre wp had groat <?atotl^nnient hy Rit John 
and liifi ladv^^ and after dinner Sir Ji>hn cdueoil us to riilo n'itJi him Trom 
pluce to plnci?, in Uin charctl, to view hie ■wDlke&, fisb-poiuls, aal ii«coj 
for (.'aUhJii^' wild fonlt-, w** nvru so deli^hlfiilj sUtfljr, and rare Lo 
behold, nnd of AiLcli mro invcncon aq wg HL-vur saw tbe likes, and ar^ 
fioiifidirnt UQV<^r shall A\i ageiuo. After all wbich Q]it<:rtayaiDotit atid 
riewefl wc took oar Icavtfl of Sir Jobn and hifi Udv, ^Ting them 
manj Ihaiika for inir kind eiitiTtuymni'iil., pmtwtlj drsfri^ing bis and hifl 
kiiLETunLVs, Mr. GBraitbo, liis ooinpsiiv at our foa^t, who told us ha kindljr 
accepted of our lovoti, but could not bu th<;rf3 at th<^ t^mo, in regard bf 
WHS to nitt iti oomi^sion tbat day. 

^* Oh TiiPfldftj, the 14tb Ot-Ujbflr, according to our inritBtioaH came the' 
add two baililTeij, cliverR of the a]iTi?nn«i], conion council, gentbiuen, lh« 
ivo niinistcre of the towno, with Uioir stives, to our feaat-— in nil tii th* 
number cif tbitty -« and tbirty morenlth tlit-ir fitirvfluts, ibc l)uc^lr^<1^f aud 
olhcFH — wliit'b wah pn'pnrc!d in ginnl t^ine, and Well ordercd, acd for lh« 
Banio of them all vc rocoiveil many tbaiike. 

'* On Wednesday, Iho 15tb Ootobor, there wm no lectntc, in rojcrard 
the next dvkj wda tbaiikagiving day, for tlio good flncceea of the Parij*- 
meTit*a armice. Tbia day caulo to v\»\t us one Mr. T^man, «bn dynrd 
with \1F ; and after dinner Mr Hardware and one ^{r. Kd^d, Eojoc, <k 
miniBtcr b<^cficed in tlioee fiartoSf and a ncir kin^nian to John BoyM| 
Eaqr., Litinl^ of Dovor Ca&tle, Hhom we taiiaed to taste of our bterf, 
tobacco, and wine, wbfi having stayed two or three howprs w"* iis at our 
lodging and Ihe taverne, thoy look thoir leaves of us, thanking na for 
our flurttsy towards lb I'm* 

" On Thursday, the iGth OcLober, in the forenoDnf it hdng thanki^ 
giving day (as aforesaid), wo went, attendt»d by *mr offifiera, to chrireh, 
and took our plnc^s aa bofore { where JVlr, Wbitwortb preached, und 
after Bemion, acconlin^ to our former iuriCatioD, went to dinner to tb* 
bou:4e of Mr, BailifVe Cultiu^, >vhcre 7e bad ^reat good cbeer and kind 
ent^rtainmeat ; where dined al^ Sir John Weniworth nnd Hr^ Gsmisbf 
Lie kin em an, bt^tidee the other baitiffc, the aldtTiooiiT town clerk, 
comon tounceU, and their wivcE. Aft^r diiiner, baring sting a p^almOf 
we went a^ain tn clnireb, where Mr- Bernsley preaehed and njutlo a' 
very good aermon, coafferning the occasion. 

"Cta Friday, Uclr. I7lb, ooconiini- to our former appointm^t and 
adjoumnieut of the lo^t cuurt, ye repaired t<j the 1<oll'boui^, at thl^ p 
flxed bdiir, nttendeil by our ofHcerPj where we found the BailiffoB 
Ynrraouth, and there we look our placflfl 09 before, and did hold 
MajoBty'e ard oourt- 

" At tljH court the jury, all of tJjom, appeared, wicept William 
Dighton, the foreman, who made defatilt, and went part of hisjomey 
homeward* heforo the court began, without our printiu and consfinl ; who» 
for hill default and coTit<;mpt-, wag fvm'iJ iLiiiepn ihilbngs and fowcrp«ite, 
hy reason nberucf uvg verdkt cuuld be given in; but all Iho roit of 
the JU17 fiabi if the tiaid Digbton hail been theri^ p'scnt tl 



4 
4 



ftnd^J 



NOTES iND QUEBIES, 



205 



notbing to present ; but all tJiingB weie well, quiet, and la pooJ order. 
Ard« tliervfore, tho cotirt waa dcitermined and adjourned to & ri£>w ftiini- 
iQons, 

" Oil SaturdaVi tbc 18tb October, vre took the occoaats of our atcvjirds, 
and diechargcil vLat vtae due to our laaJlord and oUiera, uid prepared 
fur our juurui'j lioiue«ar']<<^ on MumJuy fultowin^. 

'* Thtu Jay tL«rt> dyn^d Tfith Oft Ih© aaid Mr, Bojff and hia wif<j» Mr. 
Leman jirid hie wife, and otliur frivnde At^o tbiii day the Chcmbcrlftina 
cf Y^Bmicjutii pajd to oiir etewarde, to oar uai.', our thrive pouiidt^ ami tea 
ridUingii, duo hy compodticn ," for whicli niir derk mrule them itu lujquiu 
tntice, flnd w+> did sett our hoods *nd e<*alo of oftco to it. 

^^Thi^ day wt* >craiint4?d ourpn^se or cvrtitiuuto lioJcronr hnoda audaoal 
of iiflii;i:» for Tliumii^ Llall, one of our inquestnien^ to travoile liomo lo 
DoTor, wher^ he inhnbiwth. 

'* Uu Simday^ it» IStli OotttWr^ we went ftgain, altondcd bj our officor*, 
to church, and took our places aa before, whire Mr, WhitSfld pruoirhi.'d 
ia the &jreQi>i.)U ; aad after tlie aaid svnuon ejidt^d vfts wiLh Ibo i^aid 
BrtiUSeft of Yarmoutb, o&me ori tho groene ni^ar tbechdrch-jard gal4>, the 
plaou iic<<i]fltr>niod ; cmd then £tJiiiLUnj< by oitr ofbcorB, vbo wtg idl OD 
horeobock, o\^lc the ihml proi;lHUi4t;oD, T^hich being rend, our tlcrk tutd 
ofiic^rb did ridi^ to Ihii usual pEzifes^ aud tLura read the game pruclamatioDi 
ftnd then returned to our lodging. In the nftemoon we went ftffain, 
sttciided by our officers, to chnreb, and thero took oar placoe as fomiorlyf 
whcTo Mr. Briusley preached , and made a ^crj good, aemion- After we 
camo Trom cliurHi in the al>fniik.iii, tben> wui a confitable rif Vbmioiitli 
broiight two we*t-country Ushermen before ns for tipling in the sermon 
time ; for wlucb odeoce w<^ wouLd bavc caused them to poy tbeir fall 
fioefi; hut Ihey Diaki.'ing it apjiear that they hdd gmnt lo^es in tiidr 
lUsltA and were pijor miiii, wee n-niitte*! ii Ui fid, a putCfi, w^ 3iiou«j we 
Cfliiseil the eoTisiahlc to receive to the nse of the pooro, 

" On Monday momdnp. being the twentieth of Ocloberp came tbctwo 
BailUTtis of Yanuoatli, nod did hri^akfaat with us, and »tnyi:i] with ue about 
HI] bower; tu Vfhom we gavfl Ihariku and kirnl rosjn*eLh, ajid they ri?dpro- 
callio returning thankv to d& for oar kindueA^s towards tbem, flclng (is 
take kor^O) ti>ak their leaves of ua, ocd witlicd ua a good joomoy^ in 
»'^'" jorucT Mr. Natiauiel Asblj did kindly accoinpauy uft os fjir &s 
6iia]ij Bndgo, where we loilged that ni^ht; aaJ the uext uiumiitg took 
tbi'ir leGTeh of u^, aiiJ wished ua well home. 

'* On Friday, tlio following, I, and tho said Laurence Weller, Thomoa 
Gurleii4) and my aUpiidiiiLlfi canm l^uuie to our sevend habatacoufl^ 
prayaeiiig Go<] for our safe- relnme houa^ and giving ns abclelies of 
bodiea to p'formo the eaid jomey. 




^* Formerly iIib Pnrta malnLalaed a 
lifrlit at tlie >iHrbDur'e moutb, and fX> 
Aotfld a t(rii frLMji every YKtKl eDt«ria^< 
Tlii& thf^y csjcndo-l la the mDaagom^^nt 
of f lk.1 Lirirltour^ ke«p1ntf tho Jaadiuff 

aoea opeu foe tbe flflLery, clearing the 



Sudo and the DeDne* nhera the porta 
liavt diiiTtured rifilitifor keeping it opvn 
to di-7 thair DftA, dcu.. lipirii. When tlio 
pttrtfi ifDVQ u|i M|jhtLb|j; tlitr l■A^^Cla^ (hia 

rannoutli, in Ueu cLcreof, 



2oa 



K0TE6 AKD QCUIU. 



" P. CD«. Tao«» OuMKii, Comfiir.li Clprkc of the Town jwil 



17, Sutatx fi^n IForkt, 



1 slinll Iw lliaukful f.-r wt 



rniialivn ivsppotmj: tUo exact tocalt 
Utkfl.ilJ truTi'Wurks mciiilioiied icionr Vol, HI., p. "iiV^. Tin 
tJiat Ihejr were on Iho alrenm whk'li fluvr* frum Mnrvulit^lit nw' ■& 

down the vftllcj al the doHL of llic pfiriili iiiU) (lit* Ujfl<* aI ^f i 

but proof ta ffftritmg. TLi> uaaiea of iron-ujfl^K'ri nt UcklifM rt*** iXnv 
Gabriel R^Icb, of Copwooi, Ncs hriri<>il ut>iW u Ur^r c&st-trr>u iiliU» b 
chancd of UokliciJ; and it ie provable Li- wm owner 4jf the Uc 
vrorke during the lattor part of tlie sc^iinT'-'tiFiltj contnry. Thn m 
ferr^d to olKrve llona at ijje foot of tH« hiLl on irLich Oopirood 
fljtaaled. 

At PonndsUj, in Frtirufield^ I lup* found nn iroQ ehiinnejf^t>>a4jkr 
ing the initiald J. I,, "^^'d date 100^. Mr, Lcrwor, in our Vt>V 'f 
tUftt Ponndelii/ Farn&tu nna norki^il bj the HoJgsoris in Uju o 
of the Hevcnlt'F.^ntlj wnturj, and VoL IV.^ p. fl02, give© HtlililirTrjm 
mntiun rijep^oh'n^ tbnt fHtoityi lint doos notinfonn w^f-a to rUc mitutfLm 
tho fall nnme of J^ | , or J^ J, is thorcfuro n »lo«idcTAtaiD- 

Tbi.' Hoili^onfl ar« titatdd, aa aUovc« to Lave beeD guu-fouoden ; axA 
would sii^gfsst tJiat the iiunns of Fire-li>clta ftnii, still eidsiin^ in e1 
iidjcfihiug vuUf^, next Ut Little Stn^t^t, wbere cinder- Li^nkE exist, &Jko« 
that ^malL nnnti woto maniifairturcd od tho e«tAte. Tho oxtremclj mAll 
Jiblt! ipjalily of our Susb^x iron, -jiring t« ite baring hoQXi r^iuclted v 
worki-d wilb cbarccial, reudon^rl it juvidinrlj fiU«^J for ^'uu-borrela, 

Lflr^c qnnntitioe of cindf*rfl were r^oKk^ed, a fow j*nra fiiaix% 
field ciomi by tho ro*d due wt^ of Kow Plftoo, tbs temdoaijc of the H 
in Frnmfield. showing tbnt Ihore Trctt eitciiAivu irou-worka \xvn- t 
on l»y the Wtoai^H, *' Old New-pl4(^Hj" s^» it is now wtjied. vm n 
built in the vaUhj^, in order that lb© owner mipLt bt^ nwir to 1 1 
Old Place vas on tho top- of tbo hill botwoiin Kow Fliwo nnd Frmrnicl 
The fofijw maj still be traci.'d in a tangled wood whidi crowns tbw Ijtt 
heailluid. 

I baT« diftOfivered in A plantation, eiwt of Harland's fnrm. U(rkl^«l 
OQ tb0 nurtb side of tho Talloy, And in tbe pumb of FrbtntielJ, 



tarrHJ 



" It wHBiuiual forlhe Porlfl'UuliflVW 
leavt ui^ny rumbT'Jii* arlLctra bchlcidftlr 
tho UKO *>i tlicir Em-'coeaorB, ancb ob tho 
wp^ghlii iLii'l r'j4?ruiiLn>' (>ir ]1ie iuM(, I'crni 
and hitder mnrUtit (tlia Intiir being fiolij 
by Lliti^iitEY T^c r<;'ti-LiikV(Ln of nil lUr 
briSD^ bokf,"'! bj the traln^re wcrq brouf^hl 
(« till) toll'liouAD biid ivui^liac!. If nnj 
Ob the abovB iiriieEeH were fumd di-Hnenl 



thpy were h( nnofl dBaEariyT furfelri 
§riveq Ij Ibc poor. The UalicraECnl 
chhfTcd 1r> Ft'll tii thfl |Kntr, liortli 

Aaiue i^mia nx iJiej Ht\il Lhrlr 

Lewtj rwejjliiin given hy ilio 
tlia l^ilirFe af tbo Puila 0& tbdrj 
ibio tht town. 



NOTES AND QLTCRIES. 



207 



i. 



buHJings, from wliancfl also many loads of cindora were remOTed when tho 
spot Tvns pUatod. Oir volumpa contain no mention either of tbcHo wurka, 
or of those at Nuw Place. BotL of iLem wore siluataJ un theenruo ** gill" 
(gonil East SiiBripTi), wbidi *1ho once [>li(^ the bnsy bolltjws tjr bnmmerfl 
of Biirnard'ii Worl ftnil Eflson's f£<itoni*'a) Grefln wnrka ; thcfle apa atiU 
hi;i;Ler up in the Tallcj. The fjiiidt'ra hove boen ao tlioroughly removed 
from tbuFiG lout wull-laiowu bojiU^ea that it ib diOjcolt ctch to Bnd 
upeciiricnfl. 

Uckfield- 



& AMU EI. EVERBHBD. 



IS. VaivaU'an of the RapM of LeiMS and Po^ensey^ IG-lffn 



Tn tbn fith vol. of the Rn-ififir Arcbwdngicnl ColIectioriB, p. ftS, is given 
A detailed valuation of ibe laod^, J£C,, in tho rjipa of Ha^tmgB, from the 
MS. of John Evcrondcti, *Qd it dooms doairable to ^Lrc tile dotaila in the 
fieveral parit^be^ in Lb« tno otbi;r Eastura rapes. 

Lewicb lUre wu delivered tliQ l&tb of June, LG4d. 



The VcftJ-ly Valua of 




■nieVMrlrV-Jnocrr 


IjUliE-, l^ull IvTDLhI. 




LailiIi, QdI[ lEnili. 




TllllH, &J7. 






Tlllk{-t,bL-. 




£ fl. 


d. 




£ s. d. 


Maryes Weatont . 


1D3 





Pjcomhe & Nqw-I ,,^ ,^, ,, 


Micaella < . - 


184 





timber , , 


f • J u 1 w •' 


„ pereoDoll estate 5,230 





Poyninga 


980 5 


Johnfi , . , - 


5»1 15 





Huret . . . 


1,«22 15 


,f porecnfti eatato 


58(1 J 3 


4 


Kajrmep , . 


72A 


All Saints ■ . . 


385 





Clayton , ^, 


701 (t 


Soutbtivtr , ■ . 


447 U 





Twyuobaiu . , 


674 10 


Ifnrd - , , - 


snfi 11 





TJ<driej . . . 


993 t> 


Kingston . . 


531 12 





Cncrkfeild . . 


. »,*>87 


Bodmill . . , 


645 13 





^laugbatQ - . 


8fla 6 


9oi]tltlH« . . . 


27C 15 





,1 peraohal estate \^^^{^ 


PediDghooe , . 


47e 





Woorth . . 


l,^f<3 U 


1, pflreonal estate 


300 





Crawkj 


19!) 10 


Ir[ce<:bing . . . 


SC5 7 


G 


Ealcomb , . 


S03 


„ ptjrrjoiial H(%U4le 


570 





Ardinglj , . 


977 13 1 


T^l^comb 


240 





Wefltboftlbly 


1,230 2 


Eottin^dc&Ti &. 
Ov^iu^di^au . . 


6G0 





WivelKfoild. . 


745 


Cbayly . . . 


7G8 10 


Ffnlnifr .... 


S&4 D 





Stcent . . . 


339 10 


BrigLthclmttoii . 


aoi 15 





Pfumlop . , 


G23 10 


„ pcTHonal catato 


•JOO 





Dittb«ling , 


1,200 IH 


Hove .... 


371 







pTi^^tori . , , . 


d78 





Cliiltinglon , 


1 i,J LH 1*1 a 


Putcb&m 


761 





Barcomb . , 


1,509 V 


Portaludo, Handle- J 






UnTJisej . , . 


. I.lll 5 


uy\\, Eajit Ard- [ 
iiigton,& Bfelch- f 


l.S6fl (1 





Nevriiike . , 


435 8 4 


in^i^ton . . ) 










Making together— LftDds, £3S,037 


11b> 2d.; Qooda, 


£6,70C 18&. 4d. 


k 


Total, £41,644 4a. 6d, 


^^^ 



208 



NOTES ISQ QU£&I£3. 



Tlio sutToy of PsvEVflBv Raf& svtA dolircrcd Juqq l^ih, 164' 



TjUua, 4k. 



I^iKlMjort U 





£ 


«. 


d. 




£ *^ 


E*?t Grinatod . . 


3.178 


9 





Litlinj^Q iS= LU-\ on^^l 


Lmfeili] .... 


i,a64 








[higUiD . 


1 viTi^^m 


„ personal GBtalea 1,240 








Ai'HngLcm . 


! 2,238 rr 


Horstad Kejnea , 


'JU 


U 


{\ 


Alfriaton 


bM 


FflDtchmg . , , 


IM^> 


7 





Bar wi eke . 


422 ]Q 


Tslield . . , , 


^.^8 


3 


{t 


AlsbtoQ . . 


435 


HoreUrl purvfl . 


CI9 








Clialriiigtoa 


2dfl 13l 


DckfciliJ . H 


&X0 








Kipo . ■ • 


790 10 


Buokstvd - > 


1,687 








Weslfirlp . 


],or.i 3 


HarUfoilvI > 


787 








Bp'Miu^liani 


7G0 a 


rframfeiUl . . . 


1,413 


10 





Tarring NerUI 
Seafora . . 


214 1» 


EiwBtltiiailly . . . 


M7 


6 


8 


'JC9 i(r 


IVftlJerh 


1,080 








„ p^iftcmal cstatoa 7CK) 


LnagliUiti . . 


I,20fl 








Bi*liu|Htiiu . 


459 


Einguicore ^ 


1,39S 


c 





lilaithiij^tcn 


32C 


HoUiT^ . ^ . 


911 


CI 





8oatlin^bboa 


it 171 

2fil 


Qljnd .... 


e4S 


10 





DenUm . 


Cbittinglj - 


fl2fl 


7 





MaiglifiHd . 


3,157 1ft 


" perflonal entRtea ft&O 








Wftdhurtt & Sub- ) , 


HolIii^Kly • ■ ■ 


1,437 


6 


R 


0uif in parte 


oF\ 1i,dB^^ 


UnyUliaru . , 


2.3G0 


17 


fi 


IjnraberhurBi 


Eai^thoni . . 


S60 
J 00 


11 


6 


R^Theifli'M > 


. 2.826 M- 


Do. . . . 


U 





Ffmnt . . 


. V21fi 15 


WilliTi^don . 


1.124 


10 





HaitfpiH . 


. 1,^34 16 


„ pcrsoani u&laUis 40 








^taiimvr 


303 a 


FfotingVin . . 


277 





a 


Clilfa - . 


270 5 


WJlniin^n . . 


436 


10 





gLfluiCStOQ . 


748 la 


Jcvin^lfjc , i 


344 








Pevonaey . 


3,703 « 


EaatduHLC . . , 


403 








WealLam . 


1,34^0 



732 10 



WesUemo . - ) 

Making togethaf— Lands, £54,281 8s. 2'Li Goods, £2,83C. * 
ToUl, £57,1 ]1 6s. 9d. 

A comparison with ihe prePCTit proptrtj Lax returns >ron]d be ourj 
AJiil ^jiluulilfi^ lu 1815 t1i'^ aAAtvr4riU!nU} t^j tltu |iru]iL'rLjr tux fur ruol t 
[iv?rty were — fnr Lkwes Enpi? £185,247; (Brighton alor^e having , 
crettsett from £801 15e. t^ £7.f,44S) ; &ad forrsveNBer Ka^ £187,« 



W. D, 



19. Ct^fttenden and CrunrIef^. 



1 



There is reason to believe th&t the East Sugacv name of Cmndo 
(!triv<!d fniTii CnitLendeii ; If auj fritud will point out ttc meaQ& by v] 
thJ3 Conjiscturo mfij be coafirmed be will much oblige 



K0T£3 AKD QUE&ICd. 



209 



so. Roman Rtmoin*. 

It 19 propo^oil to constnicL anil publish a mA]> of Bomnn Bqascx. In- 
fcnuHlioLi roapccllng the tnues of Ranuiii rooda, or tU^ cxiHtflnce of 
Roman or Roinjiao-BntiKh bomtaa, tfimlja^ Sec ^ or the discovery of 
coiaSj iu auf pftrt of tho Coonty, at aaj period, will bo thuikfut^j rucaivod 

UchJUld. B. EvraaiiBH, 

* 2L Sall-irorha and i/a Sta^ 

lEkibnnntion U rcqiicsLcJ rcflpcotin>; Sftlt-vrorks in bnsacx ; also about en- 
CTDai:bin<?nU uftho Bca orrotru^roAALou^, Hml(M>[icerDiri^ Lttenia] iiavi^Mtton 
in ano ii!i]t thin^^. fiirraps of remarkfl. to hi* fiinml 'jcaLtcrpjI throughout the 
rolumL'fl of thti Sussex A retool o^icul Society, iiiiiicate that vorj impor- 
tant <^hAagc3 bhvo tiLk<.-Ti place in ilm phj'diiiat f^^ogiaphy of tbe Coimtj 
vitkio the hiHtoric poriud. 

L. D- 

22. Form of IndtnUre hi/ Pjm'sh OJictra in 1603- 

From a paptr by W, D. Coopor, Es<i., in the ICth vol. of ttp S, A. C, 
*' Oq the? Social Condition of Suesox in l(>ai — 153^," wc loam that a 
Cimsiderable amnt>Qr of cliJIdren of eight years old anil upwants, trere at 
tiiut time appr«nticB(l by the parish ofEieni; but as t]»L* termi* of uppren- 
tiveehip ia the 17th ci.>atiirj wore peculiar^ and an> not geti'^falZy kaown, 
1 ei^tid a oopy of an liLilcuiuro in my pofifioesion^ 

'' This InJenturCt niaJo tlic ffiftccn^i day of Dffcomber, in tlko ffiftoeoth 
jfipre of tlie Raigne of mn SoVuigiio Lurfd Charles] tho necoiid, By the 
grace of Oin\, of England, Scotland, irrance^ and Ireland, kingo. dGf(>nder 
of the ffaitli, An" D°*, l<lfi3. Thomas Oainc, ono of tho ChnrehwarJcno 
cf tha p''*" nf Barwick, in tl^e Coiio[ty of Sussex], and Eilnard OurIe*iid 
TbomiB Enngsr, OTerei?erej* for tha poore tif th*- sumo p^'^> And Eilinor 
Waliielt. of the one p", And WiTl" Dobson, of the eame p'""", yeoman 
of th« oth*r p'*", Witnessctli, ttat tho flaid Cbtirch^'ardena and Ovoraeerca 
tiT the poore afi^r^sajii, Dy ainl w^ the naseiit of ti' Will'"- Wilaon, 
Baronet, George Pnrkfr» E^n,, and SutkvJlle CiraTeii, Ksq'.^ Ju^iicea of 
tbc poae<J of the said Countic, IHnve put and bounds ont oa an Appretitit^e, 
Ana hv tWsfi p**^'' dop put and bindo out as on App^tnti^^e| unto the 
suid Will"- IXibsua, tut hh Apprentice from the daie of the date h^ercof, 
until the age of one and Twi?nty yeeres, or daie of DiaTria^e (which shall 
fircjt happci^) accoriiiiigii to th^- La^ea and 8tfltut«e, in that coeo nijvid 
and p*"'""', By and duringe all which time the said Kllioor Wolnet, thfl 
fiflid Willin, Dolison, her Matttr, sboll iTaithfidiy and ohedieolly sorva 
and \a all lUingL-s hidmvp hf^TSolfo honestly and orderly ax benomc[th her 
val a servant: AuJ the t^aid Will"' Dobson, for his part, doth covonantc 
V^ the Churchwardens and OveTseerca [of] the poore aforeauid, lo sutfi- 
oicntly fnn^v (n h(] taught aad intlnii^teiT his daid Appronticv in all 
manner of liiiswifory, as pliall Rc&me liK tii her eaid Master; And aleoo 
\fill, Juringo the siud IcrmOp kocpo and Malutaiuo ae hia Appron^ce tlic 

2 E 




210 



irOTES AlfD QUEKIE3. 



^li EUiaor Walnet, w"' convenient Me»le, <lrinVej Apparrcl^ and loiTge- 
inge, AntI all olboT thingM wereecTor ; And furthor, ulaoe, tlint hee will 
giro HDto the eiud ElILnor W&lnct, fitt the otid of tbo so-id (crmc, two 
BuitcB ofconToiiientapparrell. lu witnease whereof the p'"'" abovesaid to 
tliasa p'*™* Iiidpritfires, Tnterrhan^RBblie have aett tJjoir hands Jifii 
Bi^aleSj tlie Juo aud ^eon^ iLhava vritten. 

Aaaontcd unto bj uh, 
"5e*ledoiniUBliT'odm Uie Will' Wil*on,i 

j« of Gkokhb Pauheb^' 

Georie Hall.* 



BfTteich Rfclory. 



E. B. Ellvav. 



23. jidom laUltton^ 

Of the four Btadcnte, two of Oxford, and two of Gamhridgc, unmod on 
pftlfe 1 10, a? pctitiooing foi the dischftrge of the sequpstration on iVilUatA^ 
Lonl CrflFeri'fl i^wtaLii. ih arilet that tliey might Iw patd thi* alV)Wftn 
beqaoftthod by John, Loi-d Cravi^n, fi)r the supjK>rt of the l^cholar^bipi 
founded hj hiniT Jt ninj lie worth whiln Im note tlmt nnr. of thptn, Atlum 
Littletfln, nafl author of the L&tia Dictionary, in iiicjirgt ediliou ufwlii^ 
is to l»v founJ the fatnuds rcuderiiif,' uf '* ccmourni, t<i concur, to tfon-ffo^, 
whic)! giTos to that particular edition its special worlli in tho cyee of t>0< 
collcclore, Adftm Littleton, who vae born Sth NorcmhvT, 1627. Aftcir 
conrue of etuHj under l>r, Buaby. at W*^BtminBt«r, was ubufipn SLmlent 
Christ ChnTvh, Otoh, in 1647. Ir Noppmhi^r, 1648, ha wns expelled by 
th« Parliament riaitcirs ■ but it would ae^m that he wbs aJlowod to return 
to hii collego, by the f^ct of his joining in thin pi-tition in May, lti5l. 
Ho WAS a vohiminouii Jiulhor, euiiI at his death be in^liI, hi>Mdvn cither pno^ 
femien!*, tho rectory of Clieli!^a, En the old ehiireli of wLich parish U still 
lo bo st^ea a bnndfome nionumuut to bis memory. 



I urn 

It trf^ 



^ For uti nwNjiint of Sir WiMiuu WU- 
nn, cif EamlnamE, bqv Bi. A. C, VoL 
xIt,, p, 122. aud lE., p, 2G, die. 

' Of lEftUoa, 

4 Of WoPt Firle, t. B. A. U., xi.42, 
ivhtHte iL \i eLalvd Ibbt he ivjia '' iDi<nior- 
able for fwLn^ a iirmeipnl InMTuniPut in 
aafelT tondiiciifi)? ll»*i. j^rtat "Tnl Injal 
tubji^t, Uii: mllnnt MarfjuiK it Qnaaml. 
from IjOHtJ (III Into SuPKX. wbt^u bo vroa 
bo vEffilhTilEy Hcu^ht aflcr hy tlinl nn-h- 
tmiiijr, the Lrnnl I'rutTi'Odtr, an li-j wan 
(hpti cnllwl, inil hfn lpll^*-^^hHlK. nmi 
pTocuriiitf him h rtwR-iititftu^u inUr Fmuce 
^m that ooa^i " 

I L>cliGTc Lhat it i^ nnl knawn in whnt 
bouK la Firlo S. GravvA, R^-, ro^diHl, 



but ItHnlEitpDSfliblalliaMt mtgbtb 
U*?n Ihe hoDfe now cwcupled hj Mr. T. 
^j(liy ; for duriiw eome rcijairii of Uul 
bnuM in Tity fHrbur'B tenancy tb 
(I^IO lo leil^), ri piBceof coDccalia 
made vitbiT wilt n.vU or ruflli««, 
diwovyrNi in the roof^ and mo 
lienV lVK^* **'«"'« fOkniJ llitre d 
II wnB fcupfHiwd (uii i wBaiDfonaed 
thnn 40 years tiniM:) thnttbe ^tggt 
bufQ |j]dc4k! iheK ne foi^d UtT eoott 
heri-nt of C'harleji II , nhn «m lhPr« 
eriucHiled, In it pnuiible EhnI VhJa 
tlK" ipLioE or concealnienl of ilie gnlU 
Mnri|UiBf Trhile wnitin; for a fofa opiru 
tUDity to crpsp tho Channol ? 
' tieorg* tCall wft& RcctoT of 



J 




^^^^^^^^^B 211 ^^^^^^^^^1 


^ INDEX TO 


VOL. xn. ^^H 


w^^^^^^r 


Apalfy, Allan, of Loodun, roynli^t ooin- ^^H 




AiHley. Edward. SuiscK BeiiuAitrHLDr, ^^M 


Aborgivenoy. LorJ JuIlu ot. myslJil 


comiKtfiitKia pnid by, 38. 


^M 


'^ Aliiltv" nitcd. oHHcumaDt Booilloctt fiL 


Arobor, Jobn, fvii curtJQod by, &i-^ ^M 


A^lriD, biolibjt i>F Sfilffj, laodj Leld \t/, 


■ 


^L'. 


Ari^her, WIIIlfLm, bfoant of tbe GBtfCB. ^H 


Ak-bUfU. yoirly vuluuof laud &cu. CL<>4'<') 


■ 


20e. 


ArdiiiKly, r«arty Vhlae tif luid*> Ac ^H 


Aloook, StopboD, ohurahwaHea, Lind- 


(HMU)aD7. ^H 


£eld, 51 


AriiioKUin, EbtLt. tba Utie, 207 ^H 


1 AloackaH Ur, cna? refumK! ta. 34, 


Arlmin^ii, tbi' llki.^ :fiu^. ^H 


AleTaorlar |[, Po]h\ ttri but] ii^lnst 


Arnold. AuT. ¥. H, LL.lj. nn l^Mt nnd ^^| 


BaroLrl, 77. 


Iieir*!iid (^CPfvroliiK H^u'nlil, Tl — ^^H 


AJdntoQ Hw>r. mSfiTfttloii into Hubbox of 


J43. On tbc vJbitartbcPriDCOofWal^ ^H 


tlieWbitfcEdii From, »A, H. 


(a«o. il) to Ubiali(«t4f, M5— Itff. On ^H 


Alftwick, himdriH] mtd innocr, 112. 


rbe iiuBrleruig ol Caija'a aElhorDDU, ^^H 


1 iSiiOHMisivfl owTiern, ifrtdinttP. 


^H 


1 Alford, Sir Bilwird, uf Offini^bniu. 


Artljonjt oburob. Cunitq-rlund. Kme^» ^^H 


r royblldt compuB^tLoti paid by, L/i. 


lutlcr for ooliectiua fur rvpalra of. 44 ^^| 


Alfrey«, Uour^ piiy]ii4:rA Id, f^r ''acwe 


^H 


trymyng of |]i-s L«|J (-llpporFH" 41, 


Anndel cutlo. ncgc by tfad P«rliiintant ^^| 


ALfrlflUia, yctkriv value of Itmil.&c Cl*>^) 


tan^tk r>f. LlR jSir-f ur». ^^| 


aoa. 


Aruodis], iLiDPrttry ijf Llio riHuI fmm Lun- ^^H 


A]Ki""s> be<|UL^t for redetuptloD of Bag' 


don u>, ]u7h IfiJ^, TliQ bmii. 1S9. ^^| 


ILoh cflpUvL'^ in. 111, 


Boquawt to the * ifiyew." iHr ^^| 


Alie\"* ts iivE., ivvpMEnaY vui. b^ 


Aflbbumhnm. JuhD. of AelihumbMm, ^^H 


W. U. tTooper, PSA. StriM Inwt Im- 


myaliHr oniTj^ioiiljan pnid by,')'^, ^^H 


ptMOd npoa than. H'J. t5[>. CertlH- 


AshburDlLBni, Lxrnl. uiiiuoT bought by ^^| 


(hiUj (tE Bubditiv und buiuuuU tJjijrt> 


^H 


uadar loviml ii[*uu tlii^iu . ITrO — IfiH. 


Ai<]ilmrrLhnin, W!lba|ik,aiid wlfe^ royhUoL ^^| 


Alt Stkiatf, Luwi», yeurij value oJ Undit, 


cmnpueition paid by, 9d. ^^| 


&fl<104<O^U7. 


Atl(.-K0, Jt>lifi, lord of the inanur uf ^H 


Allwork f&mlFy. monujucDiaL iiiBorip- 


Olebnll, G2. ^H 


Udda, LH7- 


AlbWiXid. Asuix. wLfGof Koln-rtWIiUfflld, ^H 


AJwya, Hobert, of Uidhunt, royiilbt 


^H 


cuOLpuftition imid by, yn. 


Avarvt Nichotn'i. and wiits beinct^la to, ^^H 


Aoifrrititi, Siivwi (iioiiiiintnUl LrLBdip^ 


^H 


tJEiltA iriiiiirl iiKCfuL ^Hh iH/i wrTit. 


AylwMil. Eifnry, Iowd durk^ TbichM- ^^H 


AmEeiu, Ouy or, work iiei.Tll>Hl 10, SO. 


^H 


Amloriiin. '^ rtviiuH:j. 


Auitlciv of Wnldra, Lcrtl. oLberwuw Sir ^^H 


AodoT^naH tlobert, of C^uchoetcr, fDyaltflt 


Thnmoa Audtcy, Kiif^ Shmnrd ut ^^H 


oompCBJJii^u pnid by, ^3!, 


tlii^liEiKl.quilLui'dClinnwIlur, 1711,174. ^^H 


Ansolm, Arohbi*linp of C^iitorhopj'. 


^H 


Slnihfli. gmaUH] u>, 121k UIm okurclu 


Awi>ricki>, Eiobanln nnd Jdliii PihyiiL\ ^^H 


IM. 127- 


cLurcb«ri«nLuna.Iiiuilijdd,liwir" Ikite ^^^^H 


ADAtir^'a Book oF l^feTonocA. Siuaiu 


of AcoviaplA," S7 et *cy, ^^^^^M 


hDTftLdU iueiaL>raDda la, l[H. 


^^^^^M 


^ 


^ £ 3 ,^^^H 



212 



INI>KJE. 



B. 



BuHfcnr. ThomUk XrfLkdIleld, bia □hurch 

Unkur, JoUn, Subbdi: seiiui-jJlmtnr, 63, 
b^Hkc^r, Sii' John, cn-grwiteu of I'^dtupr 

□imicr. 11:^ nt'te. 
BHlDomli:, jt'irly vnlae Clfi4fl) of lands. 

raifk, AW. 
Bnlclwia, Rnrl of Flnn^li-rB. H'J «tffA 
Bullbri]. HJclian], buHbuiirl of JUartbrn 

Whitfflld, Ilia miceitr(', H7 rta^^ 
Buflior, Mrfl Eliaabtth, payment to, 114, 
BnrW, A^rXp otcujumDjiUl [aearij>tioa, 

BttKwmli, yearly value 0'i4!>] <^( }and, 

Barbom, Niutiolaa, rcrjcunt M Iaw, hlr^ 
Itiltdr nlbtivti to a wreok dlBpote, SQ, 

a4. 

Bjirliitni. ftlchinl. LlndHeH 1iI«cIiutbIi 

Barknr, Franoc^, wi Fe of OcDernl Hhirloj, 

her numujuoctf K7, 
BirlHTi^, Will, tia almrob mnrktiT A'X 
B&mnrd. HilvFLnl, oF Petworth, mjsltitt 

ouiuputUIoii phH U}', 94. 
BAmflnJ. Thumu, joint iicCitiDDQr in Qir 

Gu-rct Kcim]>«'a CNjmpoflitlon inallfr, 

n«. 

Burhi-H, TLi<?tiard, hkfl d^jtfuiiLiun relaLivo 

U> LibLy Liiialey, JO^I lufe. 
BarnUurn Hill uid Mmior. d. *J. 12. 

Bnnlioloiuov Sxehnnse, London, oil- 
lecUoii nt LinrlJidcl for [DhubitanU 
(Iff 47. 

nurLlotu Dionc.-i?«v, uLumUworden, Lind- 

ndd, ni. 

Bnrion, AVilliura, rainintrT of John 

'/jixUaTiRB. lAniilm. citir1iEiuat«A fjivi-D 

Ifi niynliwt* liy, t(ia Hr7, niirp. 
Bti(i<iiidii, filJiiiur, lier du]Kir<ilJfln r^lntiTB 

lo Sirdrtrrvtl Ki^iu^ir. 117. 
Biitli* JoIiiih i»tI n£, jumr m LonI 

Doare'f tri^l, 177. 
BBtt,«L Altbej*. gTaTiU and g\fiii tn, 13^- 

28, Llli^tlng for 1l<4 pra|«irtr, 2'J. 

Sv 1. 14. 33. 
BnveuA tapeitry, ibcidente in Harold'A 

life r^pn^mital bv lhe,Tl. li — 7fi. 
HnycLJK, WilUmn'a jmrliftmetit ai, 77. 
Hnylmin Ahltey, Hi*!, nof* 
BeJLdie, Jolin, uonumontnl inMript[a[]» 

BeakeAboumo, Kr^it. 3. S3. 

Board, John, nnd wife and chiJdroQp bo- 

qiiostBlo, 3LU- 
BearfU Knfpb ^r tl]« Tnnr^r Ttfoijila diieE 

Huntplorpoiat, IOlp, noftr. 



B«r<l'- John, nn? of tho " ohefnl men' 

oC llndticM. 41. 
r«ar-Knrdeu nud |julUbaitin£} 1ST. 
Bcnulicn, n EAtne for Quy^iuni Abbey, 

mii. not*. 
Bwhtun. Sir H/ilwrl, tn " aynj^ " for Ills 

mnattfr't "TjjKle" li y^ara. 1^4. 
BfCk, Itev JaiHKfl on n ^rreat find of 

Boiun DQJQS 4l WibnliinK^R. 389, 
Bodioi's flbepel ID SliadoD Chtirali, 1>9| 

IJ*^ 1:^1. 
Ikvl'llnsfiaru. ynrly thJub (1549) oT 

lAndf . Aic , 20A 
Bcdl« lliU, Bodies ar BedalM, Lind- 

liold, 41. 4!>, i^r^. 
Bocob. Tbamoe Atte, bof|uoct ot lands] 

by, '^H- 
Bell^ liLLiadileld-en^lis reTatlTitf to, 4t, 

43. 4;J, 
Bclrtnrj. AiignAtij^, joiDb pelitioner in 

nferflncB to th« ao<[Uosto»d. Gh{a pPa- 

perly, 1 1 h. 
Bennett l^]l«ii1>glti,maai]Tnenta1 innHj^ 

tinii. 187. 
Bcord. lanrdei^ by Swo^cn 70» iwds. 
Barghatodc. Sii^plion flt» biabop of Cht-, 

ohonlor, '2~\. ye. 
BrTiiiriiirt. ?lr}l)eri ite, Innri held by, at 
Bemitk. f>(jf*pi. YearTvvalwdWSy 

tnridd, &□., SOd. Paridb iadDadut' 

Bory, 1-Lii1p>i» blnskHmith of Fl^tohlnSr 

Bhnrpp in Lord Dntra'a htal powsbiiiff 
(mlia, irs, 176— 1T9. 

Betteawunb, i^uLor. di'poaunt b4 to Sir 
IMrmtt Kenipc'drKiisanL^Vi 110. 

Boishill. Benlie^or BenlL'y. churcbo*. fl, 
T. Entry nnrfpr ■' Beicle" in tlie Non» 
Rfturn. Ki. Ownen or ttie m&nfiT tn 
lb« NotiEj»n and pro t^unuiuL ttmiv, 
2S. ^<' 23h 21, 

Birfbiir MiLintr, 1 Proivrty uf tiir Onr- 

BJ]>«l4ji FufUk. \ TvAK Kump, eequea- 

Hiiiati^jifl Mutior^ ] Xai&l, 11^. 

Bi#hair|it'H ,vir Buahopp. 

B)9Ji^i-r<T(>M. MoTiVHEHTAi. Inbci 
TIOSH at. tTanBi.^riUiil by Upriry Sfi 
thatits K&l IJ^^ — \^^- Vw-rly rnltie ii 
\k'A\\. ai laiLfla. Aa, in tbe piu-iBfa* SOflJ 

Bliuiiw, W. H, M_\. K.S A, reAvflocMl ' 
[jiipurBby. !r|. llfl. ZOl. 

EllncWiatoii, Mr, rD^'ali^ffl adaiot lo 
sold 1>y, 110. 

UloiL'kBloiia on tbopuDialun«itof prm 1 

BlA^Eir^, Daniel. U.F. 113. 

BlidELT. OliriflLlnn. uUacU ffom the iriH 

of, SOC' £01. 
BlAkar. Bdvard, Eon of ibv aboTc, Ills 

dHoenduiU Am"! ihcir ro^di?n''e. 'A^l. 
BlalcliEnjiirUiti. ^-iiirly vnltia (Ie>I^J) 

lunds, tLti. 2{j7. 308. 




INDEX. 



213 



* 



BlflnonvA. R. V, Rh|, refflrenoa to h 

paper by. UtS. 1,'Ki. 
BlandhiK. William. Lila doIq uq Lurd 

Oorm^'B ilealL. 101, 
Bovd. Miptr^ES, her pnvravnt far twa 

)rmv«i;47. ^*v Boord,' Bi>Hia. 
Bucktiolt. Rnilinit or BaaklinlC, Lordfl 

of the Mtuinror. SI. 22— 2t 
Bockhottc, Thnmha de, 24. 
Booklondfi, Wnltcr, roynliiitDuiiipdaUioa 

paid l>y, 114, 
Bollnn. Frandi, nt« Shirley, ber detth 

in ohildljfrlb. G7. 
Bd\aona\, Waltur do. ThtM of CbioliOB- 

BciLnpy. variy vmluB (IfilH) of l«iid«, 

Siii. 2117. 
Gorid. DeaK blr^ iiutriictTona respecting 

LcTrd Oorirju'njitatcft. !*3. 
Bonifnoe. nrchbidiop of CuntrTliTifyi 

eviduDoa of hie FDaidcDci? at ^Ijnd^in, 

1-16. 
fiooker, RkhikrH. Elf Punrrtmugh, royiliat 

oompc'Litiuji i>alilbj, l>4. 
Ci«nl. UkrlwrtaDd Willlnii], Lindflcld, 

church murke, Afl. 
Knordfl. Thomap. Lmdflald, 4^ -41 . 
Biitde, Riclinn], t!fict'>r, hictlicir ttt 

'' merry" Audrew Borric. 7. 
' Borrer, John, of HtuficM. AA. n^>/e, 
Bfflhixm Cliurch in llic Ila)-^^! TnjfOPlry, 

75, Qj&ry lu to two obanlmfl, ^Id 

Bii tJng, Mr, fTinrltis, iTOiiiiiTO'lmffD 

B^'ucbrr da Partha^ bis work on flixit 

|]ii.k<.-«, fiS, 
Bnwrov rddDor. 6Bt[\ifiStarvi. 110- 
Uawjiinn, Rklmri iind t^btdln, Hfr. 
Bi>'^yi:r. t^ir ThmimF^ of LcytlLume IUh 

poqitiniL itud hy him, 94. ^ia '^ ohoap 

perinyworth,'' »*irf ju'^. 
TtDibhIla'A, or 11nalcjilidlt'4 prewDt odmer 

nf. tii noW. 
Brnckleblinm. Ddiiuhiia Willinm do, 

Ulmncollor nf iJliidifukr, iJlt. 
BfifMd'E" Popular AnfiqultiM," on rood- 

InfU, iO. 
Bmnd. R^glit Hitn. U. W. B, IsndHlifild 

by. in. 

Bray, William publjohprnnd author, 1i>4. 
Brutfifu^olo, WftUur du, hii ^ift Uj BiUC«I 

Abbey, ly, 
Bivreron, Mr, ooufiitfl for the Cornmon- 

wcmUU vefiiin IjjM (Hfing, 1>7. 
ItnHl, Blin4l>.;ij, wife of Fraauld WliLt- 

ftild and hvr only aon, l^C- 
Brt-'tt, ti-Qor^, LiDdlldliif hln ohuroh- 

nurk, 4U, 
BriAFi, TliDmju, hii eipcTisea Id n preA^ 

lUft'tu-duiiii UBAJ, 1^. 



Erld^en. Willinm, of Bnrlfd, roynlEMt 

i^i^miiOHitioii paid l^y, 04, 
BridAtinortb. ^lup, coUcalioD al Liod' 

a<rM for, 47. 
Bridj^r RTohard, of AaliuPat, foyixliot 

ooTDfiofition paid hy, fli, 
Biidf^r. Alsiander, LiDdAuld. bifichuroh 

U[idi;ti*^l«-, Uenry Earl of, nne of tbe 

jurors oo t»rd Dftonj'a trial, 177, 
Bright hi'L[ii.-'tc>ii», or Brlgbton. c|uaiat 

Icltem of ParH^n L'tark nn , 1 fl5. 

Ytflrly Talue of lAudo, Sus. <Iij40) 

2f>7. 
BrtstoE, r^ird Ltcmloy aU02. iVrmittcd 

b^ Fiiirfiix Vy rc?at t^orc, I'^K 
Bfodorii^^^ke, dohn, HiebitM Bnrr^'i be- 

quc4L In. tS4. 
Bruwn. \iitUini.y, of SwuthwoU, royalist 

oornp'wilioo paid by, 9t, 
Bmvn, ^^ir Hnin[*hrcy, prwidinff M Iha 

inijuast rcliitivu t^ a tnnrdcr hy Lord 

Daore 17ft. 
Bniwayng. WLlllam, aubiddy comn^b- 

BJuner, Bvc, 130, 
Druca, Dr John GoUingwoo-l, P,S.A, i>ii 

Boeham cibiiFDh in the B»yet]x taped' 

try. To. Illuiilralir« n-innrk. 77 iwtf*. 

On LliD cbnnwttir of SHmld'e S^ililh, 

Bryan. Ocorffc, hla cbarv^ for b no* 
ctttnimLoion tabic. Lindlicild, 4^, 

Bni'Tihi^ri. iff HockhiiLt. 

BiiPkhiir^t, Thrunan RuiikvUlH I.onl, 
iikAuor i^raQtei to, ~i2- Hin calf 
knCb autoj^r&pt, Ll^ lurfe. iLcuaJQ 
vhy Qii««i ~ Blliabotb ga^^o Knola t> 
hlra, ie,% 

Bijj^fcner, Dr John, bishop nr [IThieheslfir, 
b1^ rtCft-onoblc cftulion lu acuratCjltlS. 

Duubitoira poncbing impkniaiita, 175 
nofia. 

Buckstnd, yuTly value (]t>4!>) at iMdc, 

Bull rlTia ntid bull baUbig at P<dworlb, 
137. A Luiidf^ii md*Brii«1rtlEUt^ ibid^ 
Cruel mumclpnl option, 138- 

Bullyn, Raflbr bia cbargo for Lindfidd 
olook, Si. 

Bnifff-rhythn. mprabcr of Rfi*iii]K> pori, 
,1. Piobible tiTo: of Mr Huaaa/n fl, 7. 

BufffOA Miflo Ihtaiy, moaumcvlal in- 
enrmtinn, l$G. 

BUHDR UiOOARtt, H15 Tr>«n iri Sn«|'- 
TiNO CnuKaH, ]>j M, A. Iiower, 
M.A. F,y,AH IftO, Workmnnabip of 
Ibi- t-Miib^ idcntlficaiion of iho anna 
thereon, Ihl— ia[l, Tho act*iipiint of 
tba li^b and bin will IW, !«*- 
Fitmily of tha Diuno atlll at Som^iting, 
IjM 

OiiriuU, Sir WUIiud, 37< 



214 



INDKJL, 



Burr>j Wuller, M.P. tor Shwrehftin, IH. 
Burj. TbomaA^ nepcfn o( iCiobiLrd Burre, 

184. 
Bubridg^, Biiaahrypge. or BiLnlirl^r, 

Jaffl««. In lb© fmy with l^nrd Diwre, 

\7\i. 1 TA. Uard^ ol Jotm DuBbridgd, 

no na 17U. 
Bujbrid),^*:, Jolib, aequdatratioD oomlnib- 
BiiBtin<Igc, Robert of Earvmere, r<»jBliel 

cmnpiiNtioii paid by. V-t. 
BdaJl»p|i, or Bfediop, Qirury, of Qvn- 

Jield, royoliet, aclf-oxlled, 02, 107. Hia 

oovenmT, [ipdjiertj, io, fUH. Ceitlfl- 

BuUlt. JLrhu, jooDUJutfutol UucripLiun, 

IBG. 
BattoQ, Ilioniu. lhlo of ths " obcfaot 

men "of LlndfieM, 40, 
BaTita. TliQoUiy, nuu of Ltitil Gorini^'H 

'^urewly unfaytbEul fitennrds,** vx- 

Utuiuixl before the «<jUoati«ticfll OOm- 

minjoit, iJT.im, 9£», LuO. 
Bjubopr c#fl Ijufibopp, 

C. 

Oftde'i hdhcTDDtii, (1tA|>oaiUDq of tiio 

quBricr^l ruiDAins of ftome of, ]l>!i- 
CuLvorlpy^ l^dwBffl, fUTiitiit or the GugoL 

114. 
CiUiiliriElf^oiiiid OLTDrdHobolarebij^i? under 

Lord Cravcg'e fviU^ cmiJittit holders 

of the, no. 111. 

Cttnden, Willism, ante ■rtarted by, ft7. 
On f.^4) PorliiB Adunii. iH'' wite- 

CamjjicDi Sir WiniiLui. Kiit, Hyj ite(<- 

OMupkiii, HtQry, F.ti.A, qq AJiub Lit- 
tleton, 210. 

CucemftiOrCunBerneTriiiinp, b«iueathi]d 
by Lurd Cnvfc for puLUc pur|KiwHt 
110, 111. 

Caut. SamuQl, hia map of the liberty of 
thD ^luitt. Uullni^, 17. 19. 

CnDterbiiry, brathiflhupA of. LI&<IGi>ld & 
l>LtLj]iiir pf the, Sfi, Their Tisitationr* 
oL VA\ae, Lcwu, 41. Klag'€ letter for 
B c*jllccti<n]. +4. ilrcLibiiLop'* du-e<w 
tiDUA to accompany mlidp, 4|j, Slin- 
doD. ODD of lUB oroliJ-oi>iB(!op*i resi- 
dtinc«B. 1^, Sff AnMtfha. B^liat, 
IWjnlfmN^, CraniJier, Langtou, ITusj- 
baJd. Wilfrlo. 

CutjH, Uir KiubolH, mouor bold uid 
forfeited bjr, 111 nWe. 

CarJetoD, CaptwUf tiudu wquoBtrntoi-T 

CHr|y«, Jnmefl Hny ^rt or. )00, 
Oftrrill, Anna, vifa ol Sir W. FonlB, 

\05. 
CiUTiL^ Dame Mario, US, 



Carrill. P)il1lip|», dRURlilGr of B 
Tbamb^ nfttfrn'otcLj LaJj Morlty, 

lis, 

Caryl, John^ n^ynlEAl □iim|HJ£tllaa p»fil 

by, t»4. 
Caryl, JoLiu, ixi'pctitiijEh^ ia Sir Qwt«I| 

Caryl. Joho, follower of Jiinie» IT, his 
EpiiAjkh 111 iUl* Colle^ due EcxHulft 
rario. 131. 

Caryll, Bir Joho, nwusanl, IIU, ''K^ 

loHuUQ pApElil.'']l7H 1^^ 

Ctbtlo. Wiliinm, bfiitiB. ChloheBt^p, UT. 
" CiLCfili t]i&t luLirh i»D." aIIukEot U> Eba 

Butwx Serpent in. lllO. 1^1. 
CatechiBinor EUward VI, 33 rv>fr. 
*■ CatliiLkJQiDce," dum |>aid ot UDdfiolil 

tor, 39. 
Cfttt family, monumuntiLl LDaori]t>ifHii. 

lH»i, iSrt 
CftHluj, WilliBiit, SufflBH fttiiiiestnitof, 

^, 104. U&Qbr [MTcbaHd br bi 

111. 
Ceadwqila, Ein^s maiiftr granted to 

AnhMhhi^pft Lif Cani^-Mbtirj by, IW, 
Clmik'v, u'P C hay ley, 
Challcnur, or ChuJuupr, rvnioval of 

iDumoriul brsae of, ^', Irop helmet 

of ope of the Eavily rcKUt-d tr-mt K 

di]«t heap, lA^ii lunn. Kvi\Utnii-A of 

IhGir rG£ideD<-'0 in Liudfipld prir&efa, At^, 

:i'.K -*»> ^l. Cliurdi uiaili^ 40, Nl. 
Chnlvla^n, T<.'arly valuL\ in 11(4^, of' 

Inndfr, A^o,. m. 
Cham beFlnin, John, tiffihb-bonmtCutle^ 

lis, tHirp. 
ClianvtoD farm, find of Baion colna m^ 

ChandoQ, of Snilalei-, Lord, Henix 
CopipLOb Willed by. IL>4, naff. 

Chaiminti, BIr ,1r>lin, tila dejufiilon 
rcliitivo tc Sir Gnrmtt Konipo, lISi. 

CliaivLcODtf, 2i. 

CLiirl?^ 1, coinposLtiirna loricd on Ifao 
ndhGnitttd of, Ul— 9^ Kedihg Id 
favour of a trraty vith bim, and 
petition !□ nniiion r,hoivttith, 9.1. 9U. 

Chailue IL omlAuon in Ciaqiie poriA 
charter granted by, 3, Hia recogiji- 
tioD of Lord Cravob'n eorvicos to tiia 
fatlt^r, IV2. i-'QiaB of hibreifni fomid 
U EvTworlh, L44. Book piihllAberl At 
bli cxpsDAe. Iri4. 

CbArlen. King of Spuin, hia tntvdUiiK 
troubles in i^peMJt, 160. 

GharlLon manor and oboiie, Lord Lutt- 
\ey'a ]jroj>erty, lUU. 

Chare, Tlmmafl, ^uiwex leijuoatnitoc, 

CliHUccr'fi mcEation at Saiul Th 
Watoriags, 171), nete^ 






INDEX. 



215 



<2ur1^t yoftrly valoo of Irnida, &d. 

ChftFUft, Climtlov, or Clienoy. John, pur- 
Ifalpator iv liord Dk^r^'e jiKr-rtaftlitig 
ftdventurn, i~i», I7j, J7lj. Hia famtly 

ObcrncT. 'i'bomik^ OjuId's adlieTcat, 
*'olcpad BleirbDrd," etorj ioH uf hia 
miitilnLed remaint^ 193, 193. 

Ohiaheatfr. hi?haps of - Uiohanl ria 
Metrufcl. 23, Ililmry, 22. Ailum 
MoltivncS) 22. JoEtTLilcOljrnpinK. 23, 

Hotuy King. QS. ^munl KikranDtt, 
Ifkft. Jolin Ktmkntr, IV.-J. 

Chklieflt^T epifiaoprilrftffiflUjtft. thflTrvulno 
[o liud couDty Ui»loruui, 1,2. Munvfa 
baM bj. LAkvD fmm, and ra&fdreil to 
Itio bJahojirio, 23, Ni>rtho>'D chapel 
endrivmEnt de&l in ihv refjutry ^^j^- 
2& Itrrtianl [^irren buijneM; to the 
" bInke-ffryKrs," Ifi4. 

CycliVB^jur curporALi'iu aUdcuAd to Gwr»fQ 
J. oo bit uwaaaion, MS. [^epuetions 
lor receivings mJ |Aaa»ge through Hie 
oi^ of, Ihs Prima of Walf» (Km H) 
on a later ocouion. 146 — Ll?4, 0^1- 
WiskflL^jh LirthooHv, Ij9. Tberuod 
from tflndon. |(!7. From Oxford^ l«W, 
Hornsri wmninfl. 1117. 

Chi^blm^•ly. ypiirly vftlna of loodR, ia. 

^CTiiltiaBton, tiXD ISke, £07. 

icHliiigea. Qugb ile, 34. 
''Obowne, Br&y, hia |ietition rolative to 

Ihe HirldLeinp prnperty, |IIO- Uia 

pftrento^. JA^ Jtrifi*' 
Ohurcb nmrkn^ DiLtu|4iiLy of llie 

LDdue porta, mentioned Ip DDinoeiiay. 
S. .Sri' 11, 17, \», 3S, £4, l»3. j^f* 
iilf;o iTiLiilhi^ 
Clnrh. Rf\ WIlllomH of BuxWd, bis 
ijuuiiil luttora rvlative to 3rit;blaa 150 

ClAjtoa,y4^ikrlj volueof ]Bnde.bo. (LlUD) 

GlflBver fjunlLj, moaumcutHl luacrLii- 

Oliffe cliiircbi Lewes, arcbiepiwopul 
vie.itiitIuaB fit, 4K Yearly vdluu of 

CloiKtoRly. nichird. bujlltl. CtilubiutLT. 

M7. 
OljmpinfC.Jafan do ,biHhop of Gfaiobutcr, 

ea, fle. 

€)ycnpm(Ti Hlmoi) de, itrclideficoD of 

Culibmi, Ot^irir*. Lorfl. one of th« jury 

on Lord Djicre'B trial. I7T. 
erbium, Qeory I]roi>k. Lord, and bi« 

BnoQBtry. ovneraof Kcrthoye, Vf!, 37. 



Letter ti> bim aa Lord Warden of the 

Cooka, Eol^ft, nulhoHicd to boar the 

ferm«af the Oinqne porlfl, 183, 
Godifige, Hnyb, Sorthejo lH. 
Qkpnon Harold' a vlTentiire at the 

pUBAO'^ ciC Lhu, 7C. 
Coinft foiind: nt Otohfll!. 70. At Pet- 

w'^rtli, 14^— HI. At Cbiknaton fmm, 

WnahinfflOd, l»9. At Ridgwood, 

Dokiiflid, IS3. 
QokA. JoliQ, of Jjtva, IiTb ohartfos for 

□u-'ildLuK Lindlield oburcb *rindow[!t 

3*t. 
Colchearer, Lord Oorins at, 95, 97, 
Ciildhnm, William, Bon., of tiUmlbam, 

ruyaUi»t ooiuiHniiliijn paid by, itt. 
DoWsf^v dmi Ecos&aia, Fane lOuyC luonu- 

moat m, 191. 
GoIIb^ of FbyiioLiDv, incorporation of 

the, li'A. 
OollLok, John, nl BkizltilOD, royaliat 

cDiupi»itiou phid by. ^4. 
Oolline. Captain. Suuex spquoatntor, 

93. 
Oollinp, William, aid flTTDBliH CbiobBilor, 

1*7, 
Oilman, Richani, bincbnrcb mark, 49. 
CoruhiT, John, LuidBold. 43. 
OombflP, William, Lindfieldi " ouJd 

oanred worko'' bought by.^H,d9. 
CV^mer:, '' r-Biuilnjjr iTTDiit oonaLfinkatlon " 

iri LliirjtU'it dityA, 78 
CnimntFfiwcultb — H?tw Parliament. 
CoiDpton, ail Uoury, of Qramblctro, 

rovHbit compoEiLion piid by, 94, Hie 

dftuehtor Mbt7, lii4- F*te of bi» *m, 

ibid iwCf. 
Couiiu, Count of Brittany, Nonniin u- 

pcdiLioo ayaluBt, joined in by KaroM, 

Cont^ Rinhard, 194. 

Omyen. John Lord, of Skalton CHaLlfl, 
in Cii^Yclund, 11{I, itifft*. 

Cooiubcr, Iliiiinaa, Lindfidd, lui ahnmh 
murk. VJ. 

(Jooju^r fnmlly, tvfilra rcorumantal !□■ 
jicriptiona, U7, IPti. 

CoojKir, Riklpb, f^uaiw\ Hi^aefitrKtor^ 93. 

Coo[wr Willmm Duirftiit, r.rt-A, on 
royaliKt compnbilioiii^ in Sudeex, dur- 
ing [hf Q>rDinLinu(n]tli,*tl — I ^li. Cln 
Alienrilu Rye tomp. HtfiiiyTin. 149 
— l.'fS. Orj (bv luvfulneati of Smuex 
ToonuDitfnlol inrcriplions in Amorica, 
IA7>, mtte. TTnnaUiion of ikTi Atioit^nt 
HflflE-ingcniH, I'Jri VnlLintirm oi Ltivn-a 
and Ppvenei>j mpea, '2U1. 2l>8. DoCQ- 
uieut illu&triitlve of a |Mper by him hi 
VoUiri., 20tf. 

Oopvas, ErcTLiata. of Haatingg, tratmla- 
lioa of v\i] of, 3%, 




216 



IKDEK. 



Cvmwflllia, Gltitnboth^ widow of ^\t W. 

^nd^B, and f«coiid wjfo nf IticliAnf 

Lonl LiiPiltv, I0;l, Dppoillinn o<"Hi' 

cemiiig bcr- if/lfS writ. 

GuALflllowH Jot., liailifT, CliTohntur, tlT- 

Ooiirtbop^, OiiorjiOf mcniorBinlum by, 

Oovert, .roJm, of Slnii^hiiTn, fnjnlLst 

oompriHUian pnii b; 1>4. 
Cuvurt, RlcbDnl. flubsidy coiamlflHluii fijr 

Ejc. 150. 
Cowi(<;n jwor employed to Bpio flriit ib 

r^luru fuf pflP>jlilTil roller, !'-'i. 
CowMM, Hyntffin of church murkB iLt. 1i^. 
Cow pur. Juhii: iiui'sii^m bfiwouii hha 

Hid naaEiiii» ccirporntian, -i'X 
Cox. Mr, uiiiiintor oi Slmd4>n, liO, 
Cox, Finrnhn of Cliiisb^iiU'r, rnyaliat L-diri- 

pmitinn piLid hy. \H. 
CraJwk, ThainaMiFCblditiBter, njyaljdt 

cumpudiltaa iiiild by, 'M^ 
CraTirai*r, Tlioinum nruhbi^hip of Oanter- 

bury, hli tKihaafte of frhnduD miuiDr 

wilh (he King, I2ri. nnU. 
Craven. WiIIidid Lnrd : hh e^tjitei] 

a&|ii«<t«rfi1 mill orrli.-]-»] lo )ie BoLd, 97. 

Hb /iii|jJK'j<JFnl jiucccsBi'JTi to the 

tHijitH t>f John DmL Crnven. 110^ 

SehnliLnihlp estoblinhfMl by the Inttep — 

EnnhiPTiL ^lotd^rAor it, llii, ILL VTiU 

lianx ruqLore<l to biii nwa eiUiUtAi ud 

creati^d eArf, 112, 
Cmwlov, yearly valuo of Iftndi, £kl 

tl':*E»> -JOT. 
Cr\]i\n^ aiclinrd, Jda ohiiroli mrirk. 4ft, 
Cruiuivell, OILvrr frra ipusa j<rwilcd to 

eirW. Ffinitf b>. ?2, l<)rt. 

Cm^vc, Kliubeth, ficoood wLf« of John 

Wliilfeld. K8 
Oniudea ikuO GrulLenclcii, qaticy mioi^o 

CucKlJdd, warly viilue of landit, £;-i3 

Clli4J), yfi?. 
Culmiur. FJimft. iDBTriKd to JoIju Whit- 

f^^ld, ti7 
CumK-rland cbiircfate, colkction i^t 

L]T>dHt.-li] on bcbalf of, A2, H EIojeiI 

lielter coniuuLiidiii^ cKtric, 44 — 4'i. 
CuTle, l£d*Bril, oseDiwf, Bt-tv^^pk, 20*1, 

Curtoifl famllv-H braricli of the VMiELfcldt, 

repreaonttd by Cho. SB, 
CurvpT, Jnlin, nf SiiUou, royftJirt Oflm- 

[i04itloii pnid tiy^ St,. 



D. 



D^CIEK, TMOWia LOBD, TalAt nod Kx- 
ICUTIUV nj, by M. A. Lower, M.A, 
P.S.A. Offiiiiec ohttrB<]-1 upon Idm atid 



uiiaaib 



bia oraooiatds and popular f«e1ii 
Ihe nmtUr, 170, 17r. Hu ftno( 
r»uttt btiilt by one of i.heTn. 
ClianicLfr AQd exoinpla af bta jc 
f[ktbflT, I7S- Ilijliiiiihad'ii ncQoiii 
hie orixDe and uieoulion, 173| 
OlH^^Jdl rdaordoJ hJniudictrnQnl, I 
17a July nf Pedre nL Lit tr&al, 
Hiapnviecumr ; unrrmnalltntddiU 
h» uJltfuud. 177. 17^ LifcuM tei 
thcraunloTH 178, 179, 

rial^toq, ^If John la. 

Djidhy Hflnrj' oarl of, fcmnc 
HoUiilc Ourdpn, Oxford, 103. 

Daiinj in^Tior. ^i. 100. 

DnnTDra, Sir John, 103. 

Dari^yf P^nt^lupe^ dmiffblar af 
Rivr-ni, fliid ui^ of Sir John 1 
1 1 :i. 

Dhtii^II, Thitnii» and cnlltsffUDii. In 
pient Touod bafurg, IT&, 

Dnraloy, h'itd property faoLd hf 
ancoitTy *>f, ^7. 

Duulry, .lr>hnniip, #[(q ar Sir WiU 
bciniret U), G1. 

Davtv. Dr. Hiiff"<»[k nntunmry, 13a 

I>«vk Mr ll«witr, bid fiint-Qoke 
covery, JiS- 

Diffk^' Ciitharloa, ooUertloa 
flubi fur, 47. 

bawkiaD, HL'nr},the llkn, 47. 

Dawlrij. laabel, wife of Johl^ 
Diiuliy. 

Iie>.ne, Anthony.a little fntid nltea 
hy. 117. 

DtfltH? DmhIcJ, L!b e^perknoe of 9l 
roiula, |4!0, 

Dcniidt, Julm. huabnnd *** one ol 
Hflralyn on-be^nafw. 4(1, Mt*. 

Dpnlnn 'y«rly nlueof Inadd Ac (j 

Derby, Edward mrl of. one of the J 

on T-ord Dacro'a Irinl, 177, 
Da SL Crou. lUv. WillmtJi, M.A, 01 

nrnrrlngia at Eilyndt?. :^ll. 21*2. 
DpMikktf, WilliBin Yjirk HamM, T 

fcid ptdiirrec certlflint by, 00. 
DL'Vcnifili, tiir Wiljiaga. Ili4 iii//e^ 
Dq Wnr^Qoi] nnd Gundroda, l^K 
UiByk'y, JqIio, AldiVJijk itiiUiorCOil^ 

DitcLilinj!, fl2. \tBrly vaiuD of fi 

aw (1040) 207. 
Dubeou, \ViUiam, indcahire of p 

appr^ntkcribip to. JfO?. :>rO. 
Dcnlwn. Jubn I^fwr^, M-P, bU pop 

Snwi"! mail*. Ififl. 
DuujtwJdy Burvuy. 3. G. &0. 
Dimsta]], T^ioma^ n£ BbATmm] 

royjLlirit ooniiKiaitiun paid by, fl*. 
Dui^H^t, Henry Hurquf* of^ ona d 

juroTn oil Loril Unere'a irinl, 177, 






J 



INDEK. 



217 



>vpr. oiie nf Ilia llirea Cini|Ufl P<irta 
lotntlnncl in Dorni^^lay, 3. 
'Dnwn?44h onJ Bonlgy manor, 110^ 
jD-fcwntta, Joh.li J iiMWJC S&iiwitrnlop, 

DowiiCT Park. 1 03- 

Iliv^tiiu, MiclumI, alluaiuua U> 9iijaix 
BivctH in hid " Pcjljolbtoo/' 1C4, 165, 
ins, RPff-r. 
" DulTiiM, Thomng, infiUailPrt in Li>r-I 

Dnitani. Deuuis, frwiuiLit uf [[lutiD^j&f 

Dutf^ultiV Kitilory of I^abuaLuag, 10. 

15. 
Dnin^n^n, RkhtM. tfmbor of Lhi<lfli?lil 

iLofHnirft, tuli tit. 40. 
DurhFimn ITiL^'h priur of. p^rtifviij^ tit 

tbu EiiL-Iiah l.irth of Elobcrt Whitfold, 

Eu-Il], BiiJ>ni[i hie" HloroTocmigmnhy " 

141, tlM 4?Hcriplioii of II tavijra, 

U2. 
£artliiini oburoht 130. 
Ebrthnni mnuor, l}0- 
EutkK>iirDe. n purt m OXtiy timM, 3S. 

Ypurly vulu4 of liiad«» ftp, id the 

pnriPh nfi1^i)?0^. 
£iLi( Cliiiji!borii. Bcrka, oollectim at 

Limlfldilfof,4T. 

f^II-^^' . t I ^«rW viilue of Iftnds. 

Kftton. KftlKrln nf CliliibeHtBr, rnyallal 
ooiD]HiBitlDii piliJ by J S'4, 

EJilh, Gudfjyth. HaroH'e quoou, Nor- 
miLDOiilummDiH^liut horrmd rvfutA- 
liunof uLiiiQ, "y Mil, 

Eihnim*! Pjirson of Pctworth, his con- 
duits tJ37, 

^^K Ed^bniT John, nf CliaiL^yt J^^iilJi^toom- 

^^H po^jrion pnid hj. <^4. 

^^■^ Bdwnnl Ihs CniifM«or and Harolds 

curcii by Ida ii.U<M^7ih Goal ' find " 
of nlvai pooDun of the twc kiugfl, 

Kdwnrdfl, Jobo. certiflcnle " fflch^ aut 

rif nurtinm " b>\ t^o. Hia wiCe and 

dcMSTiiilKnL^, P8. 
&1witi, or Endnino and MareDre de- 

Tculul by HomSd, 7^. 
U^BEnont, Ka-cl oT, naw iDLfkct bouafl 

hailt Ht iVtwonliby, 137. 
Elenhor uf Prjvtnoe cjik^q of Homy 

111. hur gift oi ?cvi:nbe\ Cutlc tb 

pQlcr of SftTOj, ai. Notfl. 



Etiimbrth. Qui^n, TkxUo or Bexhll 

granted to Loni BuckhuTAt by. 29 

Hi^r prophiwf. 149. Her i-t^asi^n Tor 

giving Knolu to tha Shokville fitmU^, 

163. 
KlIiH Sir HiMiry. K.^ F.R.3, fact rala- 

tiTg to TTftmhTn Edltb pivivui] bj, flf>. 
Elphiak, OfHogton, toavit of the (>0};a«| 

114. 
Elphli7k TboTQM, moiiTiiridiital inioHp- 

tinn. ISft, 
Slriajciurj. Ed^unl, alUr-tomb of, aod 

Mr Town Bend" p. prronooaa nacriptj^xi of 

it t^o ShirEey, C3— T-e. 
KIriDiftihn, l^r John, and his wife Ben* 

trii. *i4 . 
ElniJkcton. Richnrd, (i^ lit. 
lirnlev, lilL-lifcrd, rgyalist oomposHion 

pnid by, PC, 
l£timiic, LihI. his refueal lyl a mh^ to Bir 

Williim Kordp, 02. Hl^ 
Sfjubhi^lukiij cburub aud JMr G. Sfruilo, 

no. 

Ethclwnli] s yictory ovat the Dome* : fltd 

of thelmt1l«, 1^8. 
ICij, DflberEL und John. EhfIa of ; unjuil 

iLf!i of ihe iatier. ^2. 
Erurenden, Wnlttift K^ardiaa ttt John 

Gi^, lie. 
EvDrohcd. fitimaol. HHij.H ctohingrt by, 13(. 

On Suiffii iToa Work>s iiW. ?07. Siir< 

name qiieij, SOB. Roman Hemtjns, 

BvcrUm, CaptAiD, Buar^ex. ScqavstratuT, 

n. 

Eiio***t, yearly volunj of landa, &o C164(>) 

Eye, or Iff, inchnlu^ of , u a suffii lo 
[I&D1I9 ijf placis, 3. Eiuuu|rlu3. 9, 4. 
Thfl Byo of Hydnejc, 2W, aOn 



P. 



Fairffls. Sir Thuuja*. Pflrliaineplary 
GtfULiral, 0<j. IliB courtnlK Ic Loifd 
Lamloy, ]i)l,10:^. rUalikcto^ir Q. 
Komp«,im See in. Uh note. 

Fnlmin" tnannr houghl by Sir John 
t^bpriey. ni nt)te. A [iiv^liHia pur- 
ohiaer, 111!. 

Fulmcr Par(i']ii yc&rlj tbIqc oE landB^Jto 
(]iH9), 1W7, 

FflmcoTntfl, Geor^. tFienmrtiil ntnditw, 
IHU. Mnniinu-Qdit iiiafrijiilnn. 187. 

FnyerUaltr or FhLyci'bD]l» Bit^linrd 
iliocaAB And J^^rn, ahuc^b marbe, 
LlndGtJd^ is. 40. TnntfEnulatioii nf 
the TtdTJin into tVrroll find Veml}, 50. 

Feilowpft'B '■ H:fiIoTJcal Sk^U-'hoK " tl,'i_ 

FevmtJi. Willing. Jurat, HoaliTiKB, 32,33. 

Fi!rr1uK».'aj Ciwllrey de, Cwitntor do 
(;lucb«flt«T, 2G. 

2 r 



218 



IKDEX. 



Fctn>ll, RLchard. t»o of tbc Dimo, Liad- 

TJehi, 40. Sfe KayerhftlL 
F**n4i, (ioorlniAEi, of Hni>hKin. W- 
Ffiu-liiKtrju. Mr, his iiiiuiiJeii -'elegBat 

FfuuUinhftiTj^Norfolkf oolloi?1io0»t Und- 

Held for, 47. 
Ftlerje. I^njwr, LiTirilioM/'sIoiicB lotililo 

out uf thacliun^Ue'^ Ln, i2. 
FieQDefl. ^e Fjnps. 
Yi^e. VTiltinin, Ihe Ints, Tofm-cnccii to 

pftperby, }*)0 nvlp. Ittl!, IWO, 
FlthruDiigert' L'(Hri]»fmy'« Amm, or tlie 

Bum'- i4imb,SraTipiJng. Iftl!. Prlvtk'BH 

uf lliL-linonf-HjeHrerj 1^3. 
FliKlictlierL^ [IcLiy, Hctimiplice in Lord 

Dni^re'H dcGTEtufllingfriinH, 1TG. 176- 

HJAlHtnilj. 179. 
Ftni-spinnEbg ia n^Tnin lorparlHhreller, 

ft], b± 
Y\wl DiLcb, lAndcm. 33 vcrfiT. 
FtBlehiDE, jtar\\ valua of londf, ke 

(|i!4U) ^OH. 
Flelas, »[# rfitaning, ?a Wflff- 
FJintfi. .'^a Worhed FLintv. 
FulhiiiMioiL. yearly voluv uf lands, Acq 

(1 049) SOfl. 
Foord or Fowlc, Sir Bdnord, High 

TDPQl. I ] a. 
Foi^nl or Funlo, Bir WUlinic, of HaTtingt 

Oli"r Cromvell b oourl<»'V- U>, U^- 

Hoj^nEut coiiJi>cp^iru-in pnid L>y him. M. 

Hi* lni|HriHflimeTit. i:r, 105. 
Fordtr, William, juint dpponeiit to 

Sir GnrrvU Kbopq'b rccuHTicj, IIO. 

117. 
FuTvi^nere. Jiv AIIqdb. 
Fosl'T, liicfaolaji^ companion in I^id 

Dun rt'F fn lull roll". I'lA, 17fi. 
Fctktic, Mr, his muLTon uu Lidmlf of 

^^'il]ialll GaK«'fi childmi^ 114. 
Fowler. Hr Thr»niM^ hifl prtipertj in 

laltnpion, lOK 
FranifiHd, I'oiind-'ley Fiimaw in, Wlfi. 

Yearly raluenf ]am1t<,&Ur in ihe fiaritli 

(lU4y)Sn8. 
Fmncin 1 of Franoc, iLc cccmlcn of a 

tubpjjf ia England. 149. 
FmnciH, \lilliflm, deponent m to Eli 

fiarrett Kemp^B ti?cu9flnryt 1 17, 
Praut, yearly vnlud of iLe lauda, &c 

Fi't-fcHck, Cmptror of Gertnftr»3r, 

pftpiilar diplwliel of Ihc denlL <if, ?*^. 

Frefmin^ K.A. queitiODrullvinveHtlgnTed 

b.T, 7;i. 
FrunLmaoH TUouxftB, >, murriagB talry 

SOS. 



Frowdji, or Frowde, John, exocntcd far 
pnrtii?ipfltmn in »h« fhlnl in-Wp of Lord 
l>iLCTF, ira 171. 17.1. 

Furly. KJrliardt teomit on tbe Gn^ n- 
tai«, 114. 

Fynchc. "Willi am, iLDight, flubudy aoax-^ 
miarOTtcr for Uta, IfiU. 

FyneE or Fii'iiim, KifhiLi^, bin mnmAin 
to tbi? Dncrt heJrv^ii. 171. fiuniTHGDed 
1g I'nrliiLiui^ut rut Bhtou DacEt' uf Qm 
SoLth, \7-2. Offices held by biro : hia 
tpprobnlc tnvndgim, ihid^ Hit UDfor- 
timnfe grost-pmndfon, Mf* rWre. 

FytiM. Sir Rn^tr, HiiTst-Mimoooi oasUa 
built bj, 171. 

a. 

Gaj^r^k JftTR^t, iDeuop of Wortlio^ par- 

eltfutad bv, 111 aatf, 
Oa^, Hir John, rnnstable oTlbB Towpt. 

Linofliclnl duty in reftnftiw to Dnera 

of the Smith. 17G. 178. 
tip^, ^LF lTc^Hti, lirst baronet, and Pane- 

lopj* Darcy biiwife, 115, 

Ga^fi, Mnrgaret, nlfe of Antony SfimpA, 
lie. 

Qoffc. Danm Mai^. widov of ^ir 
Tboiunii, her de[iDBllJob relati*« to 
Ibdr Gbildren, lir*. U«r pat^ftlBge, 
ibid, nal/'^ 

Gnsn:. Ptnalope, and her thlnl huilronfl ■ 
b« trcuMDcj find flTiliKii^jcot ono- 
ftirmilT to the Diun:hof En^lpod, IIS, 

GngQ, f^irThomrw,*^ Gtt^. Dnme Waiy, 

fJiiRP, WilliftiTi, i.f Frumfitld, 1>3- Tmtt 
deed oneeutei^njj him, IM, Denllngof 
the iHijutstriib>re with hia Bfituti^, 114, 
llfi. 

OrillcwE on tbo hitjEhwaya, 1£7 f^r^. ICS 

G^n. Lnkc d^la; rceiilt ofhte neglect 

of duty, U. 
Garret, John, aliati JobaBon, cliurob^ 

wardm, LindliFld, 40, 
Grh^dii, TliiiiriDe, cue of Lba '^olnA«t 

men " nl Lindtield^ 40. DprivHtion of 

the nnuie, riO, 
Gflle, Lueod atte, hia pift to Batlc) 

Abbey, la 
Qntee, Gndfn^y de, Archdeacon of Cbi< 

ch»ter, m. 
GDwm, TlionLRH. HvMng^ bin £O0^ 

di^riiLJned for to^D duua. 2b, 
Geenniir, Luej and heJ mH], iuouuiB«il*l 

iniKiTLplioiia, IS 7. 
George J. Chieliest^r corporation od- 

dr«F«ei to, 14A- 14F- fu^Fe BiijeAlpuey 

of hi.* snn. I4fl. 
Qeob<>k. t'ju?<CL OF Valks f iiflrrwHi^ 

Ceo. II) Bta TifliT to CuHTBEaTt* 

in 17lfi, by Rev F, H- Arnold, LL.B, 

146— 14«. 



4 
4 



IXDEX- 



219 



Garo, Drue, LiDdfioEd, 38. 

GIbtB, 8i*pbon, manumental Imorip- 

tivB. i»7. 
Oibbs, Sir Viciry, alioldoiofUieCrdVua 

aohatarahip, 111- 
Gilen^ KduiEmd, btlUfcmnder, l-ewes, IS. 
GimlriiiB rHml)rtiini,H \ia ilic im|inlurrtin- 

belief bi HaTolcL'a iludLb ml UihtlLLifht 

eS fute. 
Olpdo. BcT W. At St Orflis ou Laj^ 

Mirriagw nt, 301. Ywrly value ot 

UndB. Ac, in ths purtuli ['"■-'») "-^1"^- 
GoAWr. FruiiciiH tltJvniiDJi, CLlL^bditer. 

147, 
Goblo, WillbiD, of BoiETGve, rojalLel 

oi)iD]KrfliLioiL ]fsiJ by, 04. 
UadHiirpbft» Uthlfrvy da, 24. 
Gudman, Edwnrd, purchnimrof OtehBlI, 

Godiunn. Jabn, cou of Above, and bis 
dnugbti'r BlitiLboth, &:i. Gfl Find o/ 
■puoiia wJlli bis mitiHlB ibi^noiiH 70. 

OodmaD, EUotiArd. iildi>riuB.i], Chiphi.^i(-r, 
147 

Qaliiiaii, Tliomu, builder of OtebflJl, 

Oodmno, Earl) lat^ior af Hiiroltl, 73. 
Kathufliuui oa hit upul^on oi tho 

Ooffid, Major Ulerit;ni.l, Uls nEipolntrntJit 

of Aultiuuy t^hirky to u colamvu- 

vealtti aoiuTi]ii»ioiiEbkj<, bC. 
GobUtuitha' Coiuphuy^H ftrina on llts 

Hiirro tomlv r^rimjiiing, 1^2, 
Qoldwell. Jobni pbrlklpulor Id Lont 

Daore'fi fnlu! dverAluolju^ frolio, ITU. 

i7fi, nu. 

Goudull, Dr- John, provoet of Eton, a 

holddr of the Cmvisn fobclftrdhip, 

Ml. 
Qoodoinii, Obdikq* of nej^aboL, rojaliat 

cotDpoBLtJuii pikid by, 04. 
Gore, Uro. her Ter&icD of Lhu fata] 

dwn1«uliuy frolic of "Daorc of lim 

Soulli," L70. 
Qot-lni;) OuliiDol CharLttf, li8. Letters to 

Goring, Gwrge Lord, Hud Eorl of 
Ncirwitb, defend or of niichcfltp-r 
agkhiat Fftirrfli, lifi, Daalhiaa of the 
■equpfltmtord witti blji e^latch^ i>T, 9(f. 
DlBbuueatjr of bis Kgi^niis; liifl It^tlflf 
on Ibo Atitfl of >ti» proficrtjf ILH), 
Detoof hiodt;atb, 101. 

Ooriop, Colonel iJi-ur^fe, tno of iliovo, 
rayoJiBt cmn posit Ion paid by, iH. 
K«L'apcfl to Pnria wiili IlId fnibcr. 1)7- 
Elia LetlL'rc to Li« ialbor aod brotbcr^ 
y8— UiO. 

OorJDgp Heory, of SuIUd^Ioq, nnd 
il«or>'ofbuTlQn, rGyaliiitGOQhiJ<>^tlt»nfl 
pAld by, 9i. 



Gougb, EliFhiLrd, h:9 oommondntion fri 

heraldka TimintionR, 1<>t. 
OravFK. 5nckvi[lc, riii^e:^ iiulicf^ 20S. 

A. tiiuriaurabli^ ad of Iila: his place of 

roaiiloiicoH and cod cabled ahuabnr 

Iherv, L>a», !^10, rwte, 
OivnpblMiH, H Clnque'tiort limb of 

GdiKlradu nnd Db WaienuH, G3. 
Guatar, Gcnrgo, of Bootoa, ro^llat 

oniapotitiuu paid by. Ot. 
Gyrr^, son of Godwingn tlaJD *t H«etinffff 

Qitht. in, . 
QylhA. mirthar dT Harold, 13. 81. 



H. 



Hnbprilftpjiern' Hflll. o^Onffa of tho TOm- 
rEiimviiiiUh wi|tifrJirfitL]]> at. ^3. ST. 

JlQlTi^nden. .Jnibtii, EiiouuiEieDUii hiKfip- 
ticin. Ifl7. 

Hailfbam, 2B. To whom indebted for 
if market t-haner, 3l-tifltf. Vearlp 
vjiIuR Of lan^ln, &;c., -in tha porlflb 
(J (My) 208. 

Ilakan^ nephew of Harold. 7h^. 

Ualc, Kir Motlbcw, prcoodaal refBrrod to 

HfilV Goorp*^, rwfnr of Bcrwlfk, Sia 
HallLA'L-ll Jame4 Orcburd, K. R.3., vmiwH 

ou Lbe t-t. tn.-oiiaTd'r« Furc^t Berpcnt 

coiauiiiDii;AU.-J b^H ll>l. 
Hamlen, or UaDdyn^ l>'frftnc(ifl, ebarch 

murk. 4^. CniLOL't^lioii of the faiiilly 

wilh Lind^pM ibiti torr; 
nainuioud, F^ muauiuBulal iiiȣriplion. 

lei. 

HDinniond, Thoma?, mBTor of Uhidie»- 

ter, 1 47 . 
Baift|iflrtiof TflTTiiiffHiid HuratpiorpoiofH 

notici-a of Uia. VM 
n&tuicy, v<nrly value of laaila, ico. 

Hnneblon, the like. ir(l7. 

Riirdin;;, WillEam, Llodfleld, hta ehorcb 

iLiuik^ an. 
n^iiUnK. TbciaaB, protnl&at turned 

Eflre, Arohdptteoo, on Lord Dnjre'a 
inlBgaided (roHCf 174. 

Hj^Boiji, VAfT AND Lege»d I'oticeni' 
log. by Bev, F, H. Arnold. LLB. 
Ui» coTLDcxioD vitii ^UUCA, HJld 
treatnitiat by XoroioD vntaT% 71, 7'1. 
UirL bi^oourdt) nnd |>o6Lhoa in hi« 
subjwu' e*twtii rtiiriiiKhlnihfffi ni^. 
72. 73. Uirt [wieuut^i: : fjklu of bin 
livh? bn^Uitrs, T\i. 7-t. lli.i etoture &xid 
aspect, il- His vicit to Kormondy, 
iracauiie, and preaqoivU objuai,74j 75. 
Lioidcnt te^tiryEni^ Id hra prMcnoa of 
mhid and nuirn)^, 7i>. HIh oaLh and 
2f3 



220 



INDEX. 



aLlcg«d porjuTj, 7G, 77, fiummary af 
Iba BFuritfl of hie nri;^, 73. Altuaked 
witUgiiit: piifiimaiEinil]^' *.'iirui[, 7H, 
79. OilIuiddv on thn finiJer nf hiM 
body, T^h). pb. Hia Uiiuiiyrary and 
Bubfit<LUeDb buriaJ plaoea, 01, H'i. 
Popu W fibhplicf io hia dnth «L tho 
bntClQ, M.^ fnfe. Oomt of hJa miDtnge 
fGUiirl, I rill. 

HotmIiI Harrlrwlik, liU eiDlnmatJon on 
£rF<tA«tim^ Kiiifc H«rold, 74. dLaiu 
at tilJiiHfrrd Uridnc, 7^. A« 79, 

HurrJP. Ji}^n, ImililT, Cliij^HflcrT U7. 

liflTiraGtt, Sjkitkup), lj]«lit>p Of Cbialiestar, 

HurtJieldj yearly vuluo al lamlb, &o. 

HnTTey. dii WiUljim, of Ickworth, 113, 
Hiutlngofl, Dar^i^^■M^(tJ1HUad«,kIligtl^, 
S6. 

HBHintia. Battle oS. 71. 76. flS «ii!*r, 

HuBtLiig!^^ Cjui)iic port of* 3. Itsvaripua 
niombursor liml'cH 3- IL Ifl— 18. VT, 
SI— Si- Ui*lrftint- for utipnid town 
dijea> ^fi' Wi:irU.ed Htntn f^iiind in thi? 
nj^lghbonrbiAH). riA— r^T. ^l^^-t fonndn 
lilfi. WiLJof bDniioiuutloniibwuiuhn, 
100 EpilQjiKi of gnril delivery, dt?. 
(lOOCj UfJ^-^OO, *j8. iJig. 

Ekteelln Sir Hichunl, Sir Ri^hHrd i^bir- 
IpyV widow mnriied to, IGl 

Hay, IL3rl>yit, Htipst'S SftiutHitnitor, 93. 

Buflcy. WiJIiuui, bie epitaph oa Juncit 
Elunlis. lee. 

H&ywardv Hentb, iU ancient iiBTne, 31- 

Her Img-^Eotkr, di'linitiiiQ d^ 41. 

Tlurikf!. Tljomiu, llm aiidijijury. IGl. 

Sii K.I'elhaTi/D clKr-park. 177 nfff^ 
Sitfl of Lord Docre'A drimis L7A. 

Yearly v^nliip of landi la thd pariah 

Ecnilmw, John or JoBPpU, DDh, future 

binliop uf rHeiborciiii^iiH bii mynlrot 

nrduur, \*2- (.'onipOBiiioD pnid by iiitn, 

y4. Vftrlipiilo" of hifl prqiuTty, I(t7, 

Hpiiry II nnrl 111- Ciiujue jKkitprlvik'gcB 

GODliniii^d by^ tT, Itt. 
EetiH' VIU, coia of, fcund, IDiL 
Harini^ut, Dcmibuu l^i|.fa do, knti Sil. 
Ecrt^ MoDCQUK CuHlJi!, iLfc btjjiitcr, 171, 
H^rtford^ Kdnnrri, Earl nf, one of tbt 

JumTA on Lrrd Ducrt s trial. 177. 
Eifison. Edw,. Suw» sniiiPitralor. 02. 
HJKhdcu, irt uieauipfj in t]Lj.q»x, '^K 
Biau BuA]>fl IN ^[i»iSX. I'TJ] ViND 
Ii*TH OENTrsT.bj Rev. EJw/nimer, 
Mr A, Ogilliy^ii grtiLt lLj>fld ISouk, 
'' BiitatinlB " aiid il£ abridpuit^ulA, 
180— I Alp- Ki'uEc frirm Louduii (o 
Arundd eat out* IS". Mud and olW 
bnpoHjim-EiU, 160. UntLid Uefoo'a 



BUBMs eiperieiw« liii, Plaw of 
iDCermfnit miiilo Jcpondtnl on Oid 
BTHlanI th^i Hkad ]i»l. Coirtpuflidao 
nl tlie hnintan raatin m Siih^ifK, ini, 
\*}2. EiitHt« In Ki?ii[ Lrivt.'n t>i the 
tlaokviilaji aa ocoouiit cf (Lq bivl roAd 
to tliairBasoQi faariia, ]i>2. A BisLiop'a 
vamidg to a QuraU, 'bid. Loodou to 
K^whhvi^ii and KlMirvhnm. Ili2— llS4, 
Luodon la Ryt, ifiti. To Cbii^bealer, 
1(17. Lociil uliJ4.>clioD4 to uew ruatlt ; ■ 
a ti^iiire of the old ncbnol, 16^^ IGSh. 

Hilti>a family. monuiaciiTAL inacnpliwi, 
1*17, 

HilloQ, air William, knight, c«rtmnil« 
ivlntive to tbe WliiLfeld^ joiuisJ in br, 

Eippblty, Thi>inAa,&gfnt tor tbo Ccnoi^ 
totaled, V6. A "Ffrftcdy, UDlaytbfLLi 
Bl^twarrl," Sfl, Ifil) 

EudtEj^iua HiiPA!i iroriRorkerH. SOB. 

Ilolinsli*d Ibt' Chr-knii'lorH (fti llic trtat- 
muat of 6orit4 aa ForviifDtrfl, nl. Hia 
iu-o.iunt of Lord tlaciv'saflarr, 173. 

HnliiivflV, Uary, monuiimatal inidnp- 

IJOU, IP Ik. 

Huloud. Ricbaid, bequfat of RieUant 

Biirr^ to, 1^4. 
Holybrcdo land, Northtyo, IS, H. 
Hoiiyvood, Ihomid, K^q, oa acAM oC 

PreBBlng to D™th at HiifBliam, laS, 

124- 
Eooe Hwb, 14, Hlxm Oatcu, 19, 

Bow p&rinh, Sfl. 
Hook, TboiLian. of L'Uiehodtcr, toytX\KK 

r!aiii|iriN»Iiiih jukiil by, ^4. 
Hoptuii. &iT llalph, in 8u?inex, tOQ. HA. 
Horocyo auil HitriicM'yi;, ^, 4. 
Horetieid on tbc j^hieldfi vt aroia id tbo 

wlnJuw at OteliaJl. lit!, 
Hnfitatn fMMfltttfUic, Jtxtftl irama far, il, 

miU Law of [irvtiBlnfl lo d«ith, 121 

—124. Ofjilby^s note on tlie invp, 

158. 
Boretfld Koyoea and Hontcd Parr*, 

yearly valuu of lands, Ac 11^49) SOB 
Hiirlorin llii^ liitc Mr lliomaH. od rb« ait« 

uf lJiu Diurdtir by L(irtlBiidre> 178. 
nc;Li^]iLi>Fi,^liiidmi.aud fliuBtf'adniBanTi^ 

their joiut j'vorly valuOn ilU* &cpiUA 

value, ilpd^ nrtt, 
Hova. ycvrXy valna of land*. Jeo <1M^ 

Ifunlell, RicliDn), ailmlUcdto Ihe cha 

of Nurihtyf, :J7. 
Huggut, ThutDOA, liadflddt bia cb 

Dihtt. SO. 
Hu^L^it Ann ruid Juditli^ oioDcmoT) 

ir^-fripLii^ud. l^lL 
lluiD^ibrc). iiitfiln.'Qt nfmuiouweAkUl 

voruRiis^onFr, 1J7, 
Hunt, Dr. on o sUiae Cdt| 55. 



4 



INT)EX^ 



221 



Himtiti^mi, Gfiorgc^ Earl of, ddg of the 
Jurnrflon LnM Dacree tnni, 177, 

Hiintlngilfili, Splinn Uniinlw* of, li«r 
n»]ij«ji:a at OCtilisM, tiU. Bee ah&pfl] 
there, :0. 

Hunlia fhmll}', muDumijalAl (DKriptioDi, 

Hural manor, the proparljr ot tho 
Qurat paririli^ ycartf value of the Icuds, 

HuE^T, K«v. Art, hit eTnteni^ikliirQlatLve 

to No^^h^y^■, 4. <l> J. Jr. 
Quloliintuut Ui!%' ThDT]UL% 7i\ 
Butctiinauu, Tliuman, af Aliliie^Dii, S!r. 
U^doncyo, Juhnnncon SiQioa, Thomas, 

and WiUiam d?. Z8. &v Loat 



I 



Toflrtm. 



IfoH, ywrl^ THlaa of tniid«, &e (1010) 

Ih*m, clmiue port limb of ITftstiiiga. S. 
DmiDdtur, ^lutirHet, collwtjrm aC Liud- 

lieW fur, J7. 
IniDmangcra' CampaDj ; n privilege 

gr«ntud to tbe ban net- bearer, IHS. 
IrrihWiirkn of .SiiftfLt'Vt Ii4, 41 HA, 

N\kt«B Eindijutry hy Mr t^vifrsbcd, 20ti, 
I»tii-ld. yt»rly lalue of landn, Alc Clii41l) 

Iilc^', Alniy, daughter of Tbooiafl^ of 

1)4. One of tha tt>\ey (Oiaily a flhnn?r 

17-1, 176, 17fi. 
Iilin^tou, prapcrtj of the Fowlon nt, 
lOH. miff'. 



J. 



Jaak»n. T. G. Eiq, on Sllndon Cbun^h) 

iijii— lya. 

Jnkt*. Nic^lni. Cude'* ndhptent, orJi>r 

rvfnUvo to bi? niutllntod remains, 1^2, 
Jarrie:i JI. moiiumcnlal itiHTipLiua to an 

Bdhprtntof, lyj, 
Juiucfi IV, cif ^i»llaiid, popular diiLuLinf 

in tf»? rientb of. 8^, '-^*'. 
^oike'H "Cinime-Porl Cbartern" refer- 

encw Lo. 11, 13, 37. fll. 
Jcfft-nyd and WlilLfelilHi uiteruiotriaKva 

of, AT. as. 

Jevinp^toii. ^arly value of Unih, ic. 

nii4:lj ••m. 
Jvvti]]. 15li4bijp, Til /ifltf, 
Juiira Rev R, LuiibTnuvillL'. M,Ah intiiiu- 

nmalul UuHription coouminidDLE^J tj, 

Jonw, 1mm, alHiTiiHDt of thv Goriug 



eftaleo, DT. Lord Qoriog'ji rsfDrDQCtt 
to bim, lOiJ, 
Jyiiimr, nr Hfuuner, Wilfiam, one of tho 
-*Dbcriv4tni(ra''or Llndfiiad, 4L Uii 
cbutob-murlti 49. 



K. 



Ei^mpa, Anthony, bidH>tllaTDent at Slln* 
lion, iLiid m&rrioKt wilb Muri^nrvb 
Gftj^ ilij. Kifl drat wifa, ihid, /uitfft 

Ksinpe. Barhara; i^nu^ign nf SIf aJ^^n by 
hpr marrUffc to Ijitr^ Kinnaird, 120 

Kvia\it. Sir Garrett, rornUat^ 1>2. Com- 
pftgitjun |taid bj him. £^4. Himudf na 
inntnhcifl of the velitioiaa put upon th« 
Kinji^'a IrioDrIi, llhi. Dc^ivislrlorft to 
prnT£ him a rfcii«Lnt, HT. IH. Hii 
pelitLou rdutivti to, wid tnumgnitlim 
of bid Ddtateo, kc, IID. Denial of hit 
rccuaauay : dapoaition4 in proof, 11^, 
]'M. tlouH rEliuilt hy him, l:^ iimrf. 
HiinonPhtllp, M7,II!». lai. 

K<!mpc, Ttioiuas, of Slimlou, royalist 
DUJffpoaitioii paid by, 94. Ered a 
paput, 1 IT. Admitted to hEa floe, Itlfi 

Kpntihh, Kiclisnl. nnd rtesccndnntfl, 

OTCDin^ Uf OLtitlltll, ^2. 

EF>nicr» yearly vaIiio of lands, iic. 

(ifyii') 2\}7, 
Kiba, lllohnrd, of Cbichedter, royoliat 

□4>ni position pnid liy, l"4- 
Killia|rt)4!ckc, Fniuoi#, inoiitnticnt, of 

AriliiijcivH pftTmen^-s Ly Lindfleld to, 

SHr Church rclJCd bout^ht ^ly him, 28, 

89, Hia iiaymudt fur ^' scat rODTne** 

" for Lhfl vidftTps wife forevpr." *l- 
KliiHftUiii, yenrlj value of land, Ac. 

(IW^), a07. 
Kinuuird, Jaruea RadcUOo Lord, afl^r- 

wurdu Earl of Newburjjh, alinclou no- 

quired hv. l^tt luift. 
KirilfoTJl. Ki;^. 
Enlght, Mr Willinm, Polworlh. illni^tm- 

tivG dTiiuEjL^F' by, 134. ColuB m hia 

lioBKOdinn, 144, 
Knulo, Si'vunoako, *rliy ffiren to tha 



Lak«, TboiiiDs, Jurat, HafltiEig.^, JS:?, R5, 
Lati^, Joa. Aldcrmflu^ ChiobL^stcr. 147- 
Llln^■l>ey CliH, parllcularji relnlliiff lo, 31 

LniiKn'--y Fann.,!] .02. LaDjni?)' point. 30. 
lran)i:toD, Stv]ihmi, arcliliiahi>p of Con- 
terbiirj, at ShndoD, L3€. 



822 



lSti£X. 



iMomkt tXwMQ or tAiiJwHt. m- 
■Muuvt ollndft for «b4nb mvuU' 
uao*, n, 49. SI. 

L«riR, FMer (li> quit rmi pftld br, 

Utiiner, Jutin Vev HI* lord, lOt. 
Lauichtim |>ark. im irfi. ITT rvtta. 
Luii^Eitri pimihH ywarij Tslmi of IwijIis 

X««lhior>etlrr>^ Ociiii(iiuij\ onof On tht 

tlon toPBlw<»rIh, 1^7 
L«c Gt^miruii, t>iijiti4rDii viircLj fur 

lU-erl WhUfeliJ W. 
Lc*, K\ tnhcOt lUa^iiiar uf Rtuff gtlr- 

lfy» «*. 
Lo«, Uf, muTUAl for liord Goring, 

97. 
L», Thi^mu PrinoViDpH bislinpufHikU- 

Dij?«(cr. Gnvm MhoUr, 111- 
LecifniaD. aa» of t^ iije toiu of Oud' 

wine, lira villi IS, 
LeslK Coloai?]. prDRcntowDctof Bllndun 

ni*n<ir, l^ilO ;ufj7, 
Lcvct, WilJiftm. of UueAcld, nyaLUt 

00«n(ni6lliiin pnij Iv, Vi. 

MtBteA nnlural la be loltl. Ui^ 
Ixwkaprt Jntin, ol W«td»ii« royalist 
CEHupooitLLiri pDii liy. 1)4. Jilv Luk«' 

ror 
Lowflfl. Ogilbj'ft rood-Hjifit riMJcrlptlon 

of, 114' Yt^Atly Tilue of luida, &t. 

C1(E4V] la ttiu ra[it- tvid la [be io«u, 

Si)7. ^^Cliile. 
Lcwci Priorv. 31 *tfte. 
LiBiirraLiJ," Olu PATt<XTHi,ii, J>w7i;- 

MEVT4 ruliitinic Xn. hy M. A Lower, 

M.A^ f.S.A. Ltrmot of tlic ruvcnues 

dcB4.-cmticio of tliu cliun?h, ^7. |3b- 
fionjjlioii ijid (IqU of the ducunitat 
tl;o fLu1)j«l o1 tliiq pajii^r, tfiiii- f^Hiii' 
pJiu ul ilfl (MDU;ut0, 9d— 4:?. Cvllvo 
tiuDP Cor iiou'piLroohiBl obJHto, 47. 
itcKifttQ' of «nuc^ fuOhrlUf 4H^aO. 
L4t>idjfoti and "Ability''' nite«,fi] 
FIojc Hplnning iti reruni Tor poorralief, 
TA, 0-:. VB^rly valu4^ of iBUda, &c. 
tHi4l»]. ^0«, 

Lintott, Bcrniirr], the publiuhor, IC*. 

Lirimgton And LullinBLon. Y^iij valm 

Llttlcion, A<LnijiH <>o |>i^tiiianRr, rolndvc 
|[> the Oriv^tn [ii:h<>lnr*hi|i, 110- I'm- 
llculura ri^bting tc hiiu, :^IJ. 

LoiteODi Andteir, oeniuoay w^Eaevsud 
by. H6, 

LoD4f»tiilTfl, W. HjtluTi, D, F-S^, ]i<dl- 
lfr» funiiifljc<n<y. 8(j. 



Lo^T TovmB or Xowtvttvaxi 

I TWt •ilvatiaa Buac te JL hf- 
die UtA of Hortlirr** 4- KfAW <l 
iL* clutHi &. Htti.' uf mam. 4 

iu«»iiiirviL fur. ^ — It!, Urmaoi 
«m1 UriiS in V'lrrtMVd, 11, \K 

«flv rt^unlo, Ifl Mi Ku^'i 
rufnU «ii ihc FubjoiHt '" — 1?. Trv* 
i>F tl^r vM (Dirri, m>, ('■■tfikla if At 
nriii[H-]. :^l. T'-iL of iM^ AtM ■/ rv 
lIljauiitiii. ^il — -di\. lEiiimalniiit mI 

noyo, S7^3J- \i ' 

LotglUf, Mr SvrviAtil, " ft^M b l*> 

■ttpndi>nq«,~' :f4. 
Lni'^l, Tlmmiu at I^wvrth, 

curnpofliUoh imkl 1>>\ »S. 
L*iwc. Ut'i. Tficiinu, WUJliurditt,,! 

Ltfitc, Lciwvr nr^d Turinfr, ' 

Litwei' M*rk AuloTiy.M-A. K^S i :• 

\\y: Mil H-iti^rikhl i'ltni. I 

rulAliiitf Eu LimtfirLd, , 

Wjrknl flint iKtfirr, '■ " 

fhuiily (>r WliilfrM «r 

m. Ou l^l? rriul u. I . 

Lcml l>iltTe. Lfl» — TT^. I 

uf Kiolinnl Bur*£ in r^tan 

lS0-ltf4. Aiua,?- ir.^V^MK 

7U,7I, Il^Sh 
Laanl. Ur, kia " Vit« .Sdw^rdl Ilttk" 

Lukent^r, Hr TKnmaB, AniWrl 

Lii^liiLffin, vf LiMinglnrXn 
Luuilcr. Ji^im Lord, lir."!, 

m. lu:i. Hia |»iEiEcti Alt 
tion, iri4, 

Lumli^y. Jlichmrd ViHuimL, mi 
u:;. Aninmii [jiM by Tiini it^r 
El(iuD 9i. ]|i^ lrv:i[r[ii:ij[ li^ i]j(i 
ImiuFuV pontuulhM uf LU family] 
C4iliil«,iE.u Jul— 104. 

LDQBlorJ, Kir J-iUn. Jurat of 

Luiiafiird, BirTliomn*, ruyftllKicni 
lion pid by, *M. C\.i ' 

iJirpri«L<mmjDl nl 1b\i 1. \ 



IWDEl. 



22-^ 



liHruf'jnl TTirtmna, Tnthprof SirThofriiUt 

114. 
L^iUin, Sit BuIwWh now Li>rd, bin 
KamadOB of l^atold, ^hHa, 



M. 



MacnuU^ TbomnA nabinglon, Lord, a 

Cnivon floholar, 111. 
Mucrfcslidld, Thi^mns Pirker, 6rHt Karl 

ol. Ijprrt Chunc^Ilrtr, 11 j> itfitti^ 
Und^tmt EunDor ^YitU Eartliira. yenrlj 

TAluonf, ]l:> note. 

Millet, Wlllcniu, Hanili]^B remninfl re- 
oeUftl anil inlerrpil hy. ftn, si, 

MDllliig Cnllo^. LiudddlLl gr^ulod to. 
30. 

Mailing pariah, ycoHf value of lAuda, 

Y^lal'ive La Kiiile Hmnild, 73. 77, ^1. 
Mankscye. nr Monks Idlrkod, 4. 
Uanninic^ MlMrcd, iDurrieil to Tboram 

Whitfdd, 87, 
lilADDJDgtni], Tboirim, lesaea of the 

SlnioB, Huting§ M. 
Maafter, Wjllimn, hid (ukirn found, 1*4. 
HaaUtJ, Br. Gideon^ emin^t geolo^-lat, 

171). 
llflr<>«fleld, inqiml «l» 175- Rnnnrk 

ApmpoH thereto Utid wtB, V^hrly 

vnluvuf IbdcIe, &c. Id tbi;[>ari0b (1649) 

HiLrlljornitAlki CDUh(f» Dawager of, 

Toyalifil oonipofli(in»i imid by, ^G, 
JrtnrltTi, Jolm, LIndfLela hein of, fhuTvh 

Tuarka 4F4, 4]r. 
Martin, tba lale Mr- ?elcr J, 161- On 

Ibo flubatratiua of a fluiuioa Bnlnan 

iT^ad, IG2. 
Marlins, fir Marten, StejihariOn one of Tbe 

"cbPfH^t nicn ' o( Llnd£eld, 41. His 

t'hunjb'mork, 4*X 
Untli'iB. WilliHui. dvfionent f'a re Sir 

^arrutt Kcmpc jl8, Uii whcTvabdiLU, 

fiFHl deer-Btuilmg fmllc, 1T&. 176. 

Hufflroily. 17^. 
UDuiLtull, iDr AljkDtcl), JobD, ojrecnicd for 

hi^ fibBPti In the Diurdurof Sir N. Pol- 

hain'ii paii]bki>«pGt. I?0, 113, 17^- 

Tho 1iiqiit>-Htflti(Miidic<tiiient^ 175, 170, 

HI* fniiiilj. ]jft. 1711- 
Mb>. GmrgB, of Fjiitiiibra. Bgr*aab. lii* 

crtand into the uurtl^ ^G. Wib vdoh- 

tiOD, M, 

Uay, TinmUE^ p»t and bulorianr bis 
nnCHin', ^^ 



May, Thiiraiifj, ftf Rawmere,roy^aliHf^oin- 
pn-ai'ii» piid bf, fl.1. OlBdibled aaltf.P, 

UayfltlJ, fnarlj valuv of luxdo, &a 

(|tilU)308. 
Mewhinj. (lie like, ?nT, 
Melliflb, Ann, bep ^^[Khitlon inn Sir 

(inrrett K*rape, US. Ssf Ihid. naCe. 
Mcnjivelbei. flev, fl. U, infgrmtttiijn 

coiikinuiiicutcd by. Bl>. 
Monsolyn, Aobcrtua. laouiDbCDt of 

Nortbvye chapcZ ^S. 
If Ifilifllbonmo, .Ifibn, Owhnll awjntrBd by, 

ii2. HiflfOTi Eilnnni, Uriri. 
Middldton,, John, roynliDl, 02, Mutkea 

af biiDAolf, Lia eatatm and hia familyi 

lU*— 110. 
BlJlrilelon, Rlclmril, oimiwnbn of f-nrrl 

DHora in hla ^tal d^or EtonllD^ fmllo, 

173- 17f», 170- 
Middlolop, Tbomaa, Sasflox peiucetTator, 

Mi-ihiir^t, rofi<i ta Winchaner from, 

Mi1l,Tbauiui«, trf Giratliatn, royallatcDm- 

pjsitJon pniLl by, tio. 
MilloT, Sir John, nldarman, Cbichailor, 

147. 
UfX'kfrirt, A\is Bnd Mud Ida. monu- 

monlcl iDocripLlona, 1^7. 
Moitoeaqp, Daminim Valerandua de, 

knikchi, '2>i. 
Mnonumlli. jHmpfl. riube af, HR. 
MnnUgup, HmW, h1j4 |>am|ibTei on t;rim- 

fion-puiiib1mii^iir. 1^3- 
MvntAKUc, Ix^rd Vieo^unt, royaliel, his 

CBtnta «t>qucstcnMl4 &S. 
Montgoruery, lEogur dc. Earl of 

Arun<Ie! CbiPhE^btt^r, and SlireiTAbUry, 

Slindon lidJ by- 126. 
Moure. Eitbard, Liudfidd, bia cLurch 

innTk,4B. 
Mordflunt John LoH, aufi of Ibo jwy 

on LoTtI Jlapre'B Irial. 177, 
Mnrl^y, Hent7 I-ord, one of ihe jury on 

Lnrd DRcn?B (rifil- |7T, 
MuHcy, Herbert, of GUtkIp, Busmji 

Mquostnitor, PS. VarriafleBHoUinaijwd 

beiotB hiui. 1:^0, -jm. 
|1orr«y, Srr.lolin. m)'aliHt, hia B«tHC«a 

dequentratcd - ^3. CcHiHiOblCioT] iKudby 

him. ^5. Puiiicu^ArB rtlaLirc to him, 

104 lOfi. 
Morlay, raEnoflKaLhn-incand KEftry. lOl. 
Uorley, L>Ami'nii1lpt>H. ber ent^tr ^^^It^^i 

for Uerbuahnnd'i recuBBQcy, 112. Her 

coiJi|ilrijitfi 0i£&iii«l ibd I5uism Ct>ni' 

iijEBr^iuirtra, ibid- Ctjmplairt of bar 

ttnaiif iij^iiriAt biT, 113. 
U^rlt'y, WillEum, of Halfnalied, royaliel 

aompoAitl-in paid by, S5. Dliablfd m 

W.P, ibid tunc. 



i 



2U 



INDEX, 



Uortoa, Ricbvd, ptwhh derk. Llnrl' 
(icld, the churoh nrguT^ eoM to^ 40, 
Hii oharge Cor " writyn^ cur Neve 
Ri>ifOJ»>?r/' -la. 

Mtmrnjoy, Charlen r/>n1. ana of the jury 
uit Lurd Ditcre's Lriala, 177. 

MuagravD, Sir Edwafl, ^. 



». 



Nenle. Jolin, oni? of l!ie ^' cliefeat men,*' 
Liinlliddn ti}. Ui» chnit'li-mork, 4ft. 

TuUtirn t^ the pefldiD^-lu-duulL ccme^ 

Neave, Henry, lenADt to the 0»^t^ 114. 
VuDdEDUL, Glifiabvtb, n^e Shirley. 

f^otherwBy, Mra. hor uuperformed 

orraQii, 107. 
Nere. Ho. hU inviinUiry of Llndfield 

cliurcli ffirailiiru, ,^l. 
Nevill. Ka(heriiie, wjfs nf Sir Tbomas 

LunfirciH, 105, 
Nfivill, TbotDEU, oidomun, ChioboetfiT, 

UT. 
tieriJIn ^illinm, an-triatBa for Tbi:inu 

Qb^Bh liLfrLnL, 1]£. 
NgwIgIe, y(-4rlj value cf lands, kc, 

Newingtnn, Alice, TaoDumentH] inacnp- 

KGH-Tiinil. J'tbn. ajid his wife Ann, ibeir 
di^popiiioaa n^[alivc to &ir G. Ktmpd'* 
fwuflikncT, llll. 117, I3<». 

>'evmnii. "Jolin, Lmdiiddi otw of thfl 
"chefoBl men," II. 

Npwman, ThumaH, LLnilfielJ, hu chutcli 

ycvtimber, yearly thIuc cf IPAita, &o. 

Ncwi^kc, Wtlhitm, and Nicholu, tiind- 

Ri^\t\. therr chiii^h mnrkt^ 4H. i9. 
Nicbgls. John Quuub, I'\H,A. IBQ. 
^oakfA, Eifward ud*] Saiub Jane, ucfUii- 

tnonlal i^iHl^^plio^, lt7, 
Morib iliLP*ted nnnpr, 113. 
b'orlhDvo, JAm«a de, d«d Enade betwMn 

AbLuLRftlpL naU. U. 
Kortlie^e. Btctibbn tie, bonsf actor to 

Bnlt^^l Abbey, IS. 
Kortb&j'v, WiilJivTii r!c IIa&tiiig«E, Loid 

cii, hiAgranUi and ^ftK to Hatlel AjiliL-y, 

14, 14. roinmltwloiier of dminnffe, 

15, E^'t^idi-tjiv of b3h fjkDilly. £1. Hi« 
deed of endowntent of K"ottbeje 
o\iii\ni\, 23— 2G. 

Ncrtbftyfl, WrlliRin d*, d«BC«Ddj»kt of the 

abnvv, gmnt fit. '23. 
Nurthuye. Sef Lo6l Tcj?&«. 
Niirwbb, Earl of, ffv Ooriag, a«gr^ 

Lard. 



yowDtl.JoLp.biftdvpMEtlonlTt re. 

Nijtf«lda» Johiit Liadiiuld, oao of I 

'*Bhef.'Btiiien,"JO, 
Nuitv Jkibi, sad vlffl, anaulij 

W. 110. 



0. 









Ocham. Stepheti de. hi* bec^fs 

Bobertabrld^e Abbay. 13. 
Ojiilby'g ruvl Wk, *?r IHjnh nji 
Qhilniiiler, QcoriFc, SLi&fi«s noqi 

OtibIov, Sir Kiffhird, t^a. 

OrtlprlcuB Tilftlifl, his d*«5riptian 
Horobl, T4. *-f S». 

Ordyk or Orca Pj kt, !»fl. 

Ore, DomiiLiks Rii-nrdu? dp. kni. 

Ore, Lr. Hmarl's liad'»f Klint<ifcl,' 

Ore4, Huirb do, }ii» tienetacLitHi to J 
MuitiuX Batltil, V^ 

Oi}e;1v« JuLiLt LidilGcId, biscburob-iDAl 
oO. 

Oteuall, by Rov. E, Tumor, M, 
Il3iiit«; rliamc<l?rBtid huildeTAf ft 
present 1]Gur48, r*], 1t2. Tbe pcnvld 
huu« anil iU L/^iJL<rs02. Conaeotfl 
of the KkirievB with the property, I 
— ^0- KceJifeTwe i>f tbe Count^u 
Himhn^Ion h<.^Te U^ Find cf gi^ 
ttfid Bllver, 7l>, 

OvJii^HDt yisrly vkJuq of IvidA, 4 
ClG^a)^7. 

Owi'ii'B " Briton niii Dqiioto* &r Og!l 
improTed," IfiS. 

07itiLi<rtdfi', nidiert, and his oalliagta 
itii|ucpt bi'lil bofurti. 175. 

Oxi'trd. i!eacri|]tloii of Ojo 
ChichMtcr from* I7l>, 



P. 



I 



Fngc, John, cf MndliuraU mjalu 

|M>dJtion paid liy, MH- 
Vi^fjc, Thi'inn^. vi Mbdbiin^, Lilt. 
Tulf^iLvii^ Hir iii'mncis, ud r|iie«l|<mi j 

PaluiKF. Ferv^rUn.".iifChiubealerjroj»I 

ui>m|iosJ|1irn pnid by, 00. 
I'almcr, Tbomitd, vi Kve. exlroota lii 

llie joiii-nnl of. S02— 20(1. 
pDlrntr, ThotritLt, af Iti-w pluc^ Al 

mmng, gmatee of LtndflQld mtqi 

P(inckliurpl» Tli^nry. and llJchardt Lin 

liL-Ul. thdir diiirch-junrUji, \it, ^0. 
Pniitcffit (I'atiokhurFii) Nicbolue, H«w 

nndTli'imRFJ BTuoiLglhe^'uhufeiim^ 

uf LiiiiltidU. 40. 
I'lirke, Ric, ititb Hr Chnlji 

uLbci^B, thtir cburcli-darke, 4j 




ISDflK, 



225 



Pftrkpr, Gerii^a. of TUtloa, JuHtlce nf the 

Puckrr, IliiDrj.uf MorhyftiirlManttogle, 
LiA wifadcalikUi Rthcd for hia rccus- 
aooy, l^'i. Hut ^ii Tliocnaa, It-^, 

PHrllmmeEit or ]Jr7-1. frunrnja nrsti]t« luiil 

Other auCa uf tlie, H^. 
PuUameat uf llw OommonwDBltb ita 
dealinf^ with the R»?a]it^tti, 91 — 1^0 

Pnrru, John, tiitnitit of tlia (}ft];i^ 114. 
rarEQEu. Add. mDimioeiila] EuHorliitlotii 

386- 
^' raraona widHovr^ " ADi) " "Diotnas. ft 

FrtuoLmfm/'mamcd, 51. 
Piitcliaia. veorly vuIub of londa, ko 

Fhtda oi rulae, JnhDH ahurcUwaRltiu. 
Ljuililblil, ii7. One of tba "clicftut 

Pfiacbev^ Sit Sifnry. juetEce of ihe 

Vfnrva. ThmnHB, rf Dnaoii, aaH RlcUnrtl 

Fi-HTW. of ClikhtiBb-r, royalietcoEiiifO- 

dUcinapflid by.yi>. 
Pcflkdco» KtolmrJ uml Henrj'. LiodfioH, 

two of thfj " I'hfll^'al unfn," 40. II. 
Peetor. WillUniH bh (Ii^iKiaiLiuu ua (o Sir 

0»rratl Kiiuii-o's racuaauoy, 117, 
PeGdcii, RIi;burd und i-rtophcD, Llodiidd, 

tlieir cburcb mnrkB 50. 
PalhuD, £<lwar(i, cumntu4iOD giren to, 

FeUinm, sir NErbolaa, Lord Docre'efJitiil 
deer-Hteahui- Frolic iit tbi? (atIe oF» 
170— Ufn HiBcplUvph»17e, 

Polboni. TlioEnaa, 17, mtie. 

PuJbam. Su IbtiuinB, 8iifr*«t wqneBtm- 
tor. ys. Lunsfoni in prison at his 
Huit, lOG. 

Pelliiie or PdliriK, TboaiM nnd John. 
LitKlCt'M, among the " fltiofrat moii," 
41. Cburch raarUi of TboTuaa'a 
heirs. 411, Oil A* 4*i. nflW, 

Ppterof Sftffo}', variofis b*nefiicilunB uf, 

PETWQftTaj Great Q^onon Ikn at, 
bj Soger Tnruor) Jun. Esq : Dit\M of 
StB entotion uid dk^uoUticD, it)'l« of 
■lehitj^cture, &.o. IS4. lie and^nb 
riVn-lxHLrd. 1^. The Hurkcl-plora 
oi^d old MvL^vt-bouK, lUU. New 
Mftrket-ho^M utiii Tise now tuade of 
it, 137, Tbu bull rinp OJjd the bull- 
baitinff th^ee, 1^7, I3H. D^jUlIa nf 
tho tnn, 1Jt9. 140, rbarwitar and 
doings of Its Gld'linic &V]Ui<iitt?rfl) 
141. CoIhb JuuacI lu l]e« fouDdaLiouB, 
142-114, 

PutuiTth, chamcter cftlia oJd ro&da to 
<1703JI6U. IftS. 



PBV«n(«y, II (Tinqiic Port, limb t>f Hflst- 
Inidi^^ ,1 OrlRin of ii^i nainc, 4. Ad 
enrlv koldur, T. DmiuiHrfl of tba 
TdLirnb, \rt. tiitv nf a 1o4t ttyfrn. 28. 
3fl. DifliJiito vfith HaniintpiH 33, 34. 
Yeiirly^ value ol tbo Kjirw and. flerB- 
rolly. of the parijhflR within ii (]ii4t>J 

IN^^kea, John, jiuticv of Iha poacf. \2o. 
Pickorin^'. tkiltert, IniuToc for puymont 

of WilUnmGago'udobt, lU- 
Plt-bhnm, llioinaa, LindfioM, bmohurcb 

innrki4, Jift 
Picbtirj^liijtf, yoarlj thIuc of Landa, &□ 

Picroo, Wjllimn, of Nuiliiirati rnjaLiat 

CGin[i£i4i1iOD priid by ?,] 
Pf^inc. .Tohn, of Pett. tho rihe, !>rv 
Plumplon ycuirly VAlne of landa, Jko 

(I04i*) 207. 
PoicticTA, William fjf. cm tbo diapoani of 

HnroldV ramniDif fiO, ii\. 
PoiifrBet(P!>u[tifriipl)(?hnpcb, yorlcahinj, 

collWTtlDti Hi Tjinrliihild for 47. 
Pope'Bliull o^innt Harold, 77, 
Pf>po'B"RfipooMhBLock,"lfll. 
Pjrlaln^lt. vearlv value of Undfl, iiD 

(111411) W7- 
PorlKfty, or Slane Stresl, Hit. Ui2. 
Poidin^^irarLh mauur. Hint llakea found 

on, Hii. 
PawjB. Edward Lord, nno of the JLiry on 

Lord DoDK'a tr-tnl, 177. 
PovninfjB. reni-ly ntuc of land, Sic 

PuEBSiNit TO Dkatu, tlie puuiflhiueat 
of: OooMLDD and melbod of itd ia- 
fliotion, ISl-lSa. CvMjflt Hortham 
mmmuniPnU'd by Mr Honvwtnyl. 123, 
1^4. Pnrrjaulnn iif fipcruiei inmiired, 
1^4, 12&. 

Preaton oburub, the wrona wid tha riglit 
rolativH to blD oUar tomb In, SB— Gfi. 
Yearl)' valao of landa. ka, ia tba pa- 

Prince, Mr, of Ockflold, 31. HA 
Protectant refu£e«« at Sya, 149. See 

Aliona. 
Pmlflnd, Edith, and ehildran, monn- 

m^^nUil iDHcripiiaii, LA7. 
Pycoomhi^, yi^riy value ol IfUids. ^ 

(104!>J :i()T, 



K(M)ner, Sir Edwird. of Rlt/m^ IM. 
RankEi^y. Colunel, t^lnln^ 1 1!^, 
lEiiviiUdciofL.Eall, BiiBtiCX^iiiiQitnU]r,03 

Ik'oulypr, 3, 

Uocd, beboooft, moamaentnl maatiptiOD, 
lfl6. 

2 G 



S2G 



IMȣX. 



EvljptU otmroh, bcjuert bomvxlB nntlr 

RcminKVn. Mr. ttiAfit of the OroM 

(i^'-'ifjr*' Inn, ^Ww.l^t.ll, Ul, 
RiHtmoijfl, Dciht of. XiH, luu. 

Bin^vr, W1 alnro of the oUl raaJl tl* 

1iD» YHirly L-«;ni> of lacift^ Ico, hx 

thai«r1ah(in]il)l-UH. 
Kl[>e. ycurly \iJuhr, ko (UUii\ Srtft- 
Riphloii, Willinm. rpyBjipt mmiioBllioa 

Xtnul by. l)ii, 
Bnl>rtrtfll>rMffo Ab^wj'n bcnefiiolliOfi of 

Sliipli-'ii rto l^hMn, 1'* 
Koilnicll ohurcli. lli i^lilnfflnl tuaf 4^r 

Vi'iu'lf vnlticirf IftiLits, ,Vi\ En thajArtiih 

R'itl0ifj>i^ WllJUm. of KolMtibnmigfli, 

PtifelitL ivmi[vf>rE|iiin |n3r| li^, Od^ 
R"lim[ni\ Rt-v, Willlnmj 7*1. 

IID. Um ailH siwiT-Tinul TvJnc- 
hMH. llWi. Arr*iiicrt5iiTil, [.'blflli^flioT, 

TtuinUey, oue (rf Uiir three GI1U4UV ptdttt 

iiniaf^ in DomcAi^ar, 0. 
BiHHtltilu i-rrLinl of thvir doatruoUoo, 

JliiMt ThiimBB. E^i Haitinpv, on U19 
liMt li^^rn uf Norllmt ft. 7- ?- fl. Ki- 
ll, IG, BipltlkT^jn (hcHiiVjjNjt 17— 

hini ^'A — S^. Flint impkmont tn\jiit\ 
>)V him, n% rm nn ftnoti^t tij^pt. 
ISA. Ou uk ruicleut HutlngH will. 
lL>f]. lirr. Butin^ gw>] dgtivetf, ftv, 

HjjtheTfidlcl **hiiffih iliin^^ffl tcvifof, 43. 

Yi^irly vnlue nf landiL &ri in tbo 

l4iTith {UAH} WK 
fiiii1in£d«kD, Tvarlj ta]o& && Ofi4D) 

pcraino TUB ComKOS wealth liy 

W.ri. t^il#|-. K.it.A. CbUII«B S«l«OtM 

for contrihutfama : inlcretlli^ Jlntureu 
ill Uie iMtptrs 'lUnlfltl, 91. T"arp<irl of 
tim ^udcrikl order for ^KMjupetmUim : 
BiyjacflLrfttora for Sumgi, it'J, firat 
pjimiint ord^r for Suuci ^ tJiA cinli- 
iinncfl n^niiiif Hb«entCGAUL<lrr!ruiiiuLfi« 
E*3. Llifl of ctmipuaTiclon fir Ibctr 
oaraffi. 9»«{)5 GuACi pcUtiiu for 
tho Kin^'B nsiIomtJOD Wi, VriEloov 
of iftc obiuf <-i-iinj)ifuni1cT«, B7 — I2n, 
i^v llashnpp, [li>nr-j. — I^OTri;. Wll. 
Mam l^mi— Foulfl. Sir 'Willlflui-^ 
Oww, Uic— Qvrillfi^ Gvvtiru Lwr<l — 



Hrii 

Of., 

.!t»J.' 



l.'i i'jlf(ji.-Ul^rB vj U*c 

ITS, 

ttii-4^11 Ix>ril Johit. II%b 
ISnirlanil. i>n0 uf tb* junm 

l)riiT*>'f frUf ITT. 
H'lllqitrl. IT'ifnnj mrJ i»f, ifc* | 

mv-L l^H A^luiu UwTfw mhl 
VlU,l49-;oj|, 



fWkvill rUnmu.DfaMl 

o-nripn-ilicto paid hf Afl. 
i^v.-kvilltf Thnmv. Lnr4 '^ 

8fliU Uunftnn I11 tba 

l>Tl<iiiai Undl1«M FnT. 47, 
ShiiiT OnifK* nnil the 

{^InrJcliD \\illJikm Uvd. 

jurors Mn l-ml ThicroV trial, 
Hntnt Jfilin'*. !***« y*iwlj 

Sfiint Nirtlb'H Itdfto], 

</ liin'lf fcLi (l»l4yj I'ciT. 
R&lnt MicbaclV. Lew..* Pel! 

178, Ywily tbIu*, ie ( 
Saint Piurii, LoaJoQ, puUln^ 

<if Lr-M DiuTs 1T4. 
Kiiint Tli'^uiA'^ WiiIeriDiri- 

17% Why tt]l?d ' Wa 

Bainl Trinity, H»Mlni^ tMQv 
f>al]ti. C. J. rtjiDWl cplTA^ili. 1 
Sfllt Works in Siift«i qoery 

fifiTiifiAim, Ltdmnr, oUod Ut 

fiutidbiini, WillUm. ot Ohlob 

F>>vnlint ^rimp-i-itUin T^^M b)r ftS, 
^amlvriok one nj fht llirw CinrtU* 1 

TiiOfitlnnKl in Pnim^mUj'. it. 
guntly>4, ^ir Vk JlJiiim, 103. Di»pof 



1NDE3:, 



2i'7 



I 



Suvoj Pulfloo, and Peter of Sivoy itH 

founder ,^l twft, 
BJiVFVQr. Rj^li^rt. Oxford j^tudent. aO' 

jMititlooar relative lo Llie Cra^ua aolici- 

lorsbip 310- 
Sftj'cmH Tom the rvAovhtaWts^ Lid ancoa- 

Hayera, of Saj'ar. WilliPm +S. Hie 

Boarboruu^Li burul t>v Qaroli] IliiidriidA, 

:«, 

Boarbotnnglir tho Lofdo, thetr nnocBlor, 
l(t3, iE'>y(U visitors ut tliuir^^uBifiXBC&t, 
147. 148. Ht^m/^. 

Beotltuid mifudiiil U<mj?. Hnnr^ VIII, aa 
B fordt^n nadlin ajid ite iiatJVes Uufid 

fiarooe, John, one of ihe ^* cbftf «flt men" 

of LI dd fie Id, IL. 
6e«Ae Britl^, Uiidfiel'l, *1 lUJfe. 
Bcrlbtue C'^rivi^nl lliv:. uae of the 

'*ch(-feA( iufd" of LincUltild, 40, 41. 
Bouttt Rii?hard, foa iarm rgot imrchbied 

Sfliirr«nnarrdi> nf^ment for dmlTiige of. 

8<!nfctrd, ciutiue t^ort iLnibof Ilaatiii^atG. 

][. 
Eaoiord 0buroh, rcnoral of grATestoneH 

and iiicririin'^ntuE iii»<nptJOTiB, I^n. 
BfAfiiM pATJriti, jcarl> ralni^ o1 Undii, 

BcLur^tiaa of i'ortu^nl. popular dlabcUef 

id the dealliof, &iiMot\ 
Bedgwiok, Jolm, BldertntrL ChJafaeater, 

U7. 
6i.1]iy lyriHJi Lylluu and i]in Bttmlc 

6tliiti:aU>n. yeJb-^y vaIuo of Undii, ito 

Kcldcy, AgiIHe biHhop fft. 'J2 

btlrifjn, ^ir NlolkoltiR, iif Frl«l0Ei, rMjBlbt 

pLinijriiviilicjn piiidby, 9fr. 
Btr1vli?^v. UlciJirnl, ilctd uf ^!iftl^3■, 13. 
BtvTFll, ttiv. Fmiicj^ UiJ], '' lipuiaod 

CLjrftic," hi£ bancvolBQC uivrticua oa 

iK-liixirof Liniirield, 37- 
B>iukft»poiirpV deer huutlnff. 170- 
Ghnkt. Bicbnril. of W*»l'barlinfi. aod 

FmnL'b at Cliicliiisttr, rojaliftt com|io- 

BltioiLA paid br, 9u. 
Bhcllof, Francoi Liuiy Luml^y, IHX 
Uticllcy Joliii. one rii I^^rd OiHJro* cora- 

pimiflns 111 Lia faUl divr liuuiiug 

fti>lii!» If.i, IT^J. His ntitt ciurcr, 

idloy. Sir JoUn, niMior houjiht by, til 
ftflie. HioifcTfU fciid ]M\y uWa^ii 
p^^naU. 1 17- Went uh ubuHiLt 121). 
^BlK-rly, tiir Jobn^ <7 W^h Srr rtbirli'v- 
BrwiHid, Jiueplit (cfliuit vf th« Cum'fl, 
4 



Shingled chiipqh fipirofl flud roofs, 43. 
Whlr^i% Aiitlmnj, bip et'lUeluent At 

Pm^ltim, Di'iir Qri^liLon. i.^ pja 

riglit uud tbe wniD^ u Ui ]i[a tomb. 

I><t — ll&- His wifOr Barbara WoIbIu^- 

Imm, i;n, CI 
Kilrlkfy, Sir j\n[lir>nf, baron^U And hb 

Ivnnin^ to Ihfl E^Iinmtint «id«, £5. 
Sbirlcyn Drev» anceoor of the SMrleya 

of CLidJlu^ly, ijO. 
Shirk^ir. Ll^1ii»li<.-tli, daUF^htcr of Sir 

[Cichard. intru^Liii&Qtaf iiiecriiitiaa, Gd. 
t^rliry, Kvi^iyn FlLili[i. Etq, MA,cn th4 

allnS«(L Shjfloj- tcinCiln PrejttoQ cburcli, 

rt4. 
filiiiley. It4l[jb, of \T'Moo C-B ff-'i=, 
BbiTlcy.Sir ItkuiT, of Widtoa, hUdaagh- 

roTfEmd tkJB nill, G4- 
Sbirl^y, Sir ItlcbAn). Lniglit, G». 
fihiTlny. 8frRi*?hflrd, Imrunet fi3 64. 
i^tiifl^y. "nioiiias, fouikTlirr iff Lbt; Weet- 

EtiTiftrfaid linujob of the fumUfj fifl 

Shlrlffj, TBomu. of Pretlon, tad hit 

(triflve children, 1p5. 

SUirby, Gencrul, aflerwArilflSlr ThoiHflB, 
barunt't, Govtruur of tbo Lccvard 
Jalaoilq, hia doalb oud burial plooOr 
6£- lli^ fitup ou coming into jiobku- 
HianoF Qtehall, ihi/L LoohI anf.'oclniea 
or biin, Ii9. 

8h\T]cy. WilliftiQ, of Preston. OichnU 
aopdrod bv fij. 

Shirloj, Utricrftl Willinm (born U94) 
bia oarflBr in America dii, €7, Bb- 
speoLpaid tofaiHiiiomfh'yHtBo^bin VM, 
G7, TubkL aud budi to Ida vife. 42^. 

Sfattrt Willinui ai Aiubarlcy, fad tc«li< 
£td bj- 'JG, 

Shovelalnxlo in Eut Qrinatcad, IIC 

Sickti^Qiorv VTillinm and Hannah. 

muimiuuiittil iuiicripUoUs lft7- 
SiuioioDd, Ann, moouiocnta] intcriptiuo, 

l&G, 
Sioiuiona. Henry, Knq, luonu mental 

iiiiviiplinnAlranicribvcl by li^o — [g^, 
5impaoli, George. Miutil AvqliUaErabir, 

Sinptctmi manor and cban, lOQ 
^^kftvmoa HiU, "f skarna Hill. 41 
Sliiiji^liuiu venrEy vnlua of lands ice. 

t_\\:i\i) 2or. 
Eliutlou nitd tbe Reniie farally* 11£, 

SjjnDON CuuiiCIl. ei>ms ncftmrd. *>£, bjr 
'1'- ^i >racluiiiD l^"!).: AtL'liio^i]'Jr'i|MLl 
oWTkiTfj of The mtijiift' : --^ti'liEjInbiipn 
riHidinj,' hi-i? 1:^7 n*. Art.'bM^iop 
Aueclui't dinEob aud iinvc 1^, ISN 
lS«^Uvt'fic1inj>clH KM, rai, Alttfmtlcma 
Inlhc iJtEb (Siikttiry |?M, Af)(Titinna 

2 G 3 



238 



IM)K]l, 



nf ttie \Mh wntoi?, [2», }?X Mn- 

I lift, C^pUiuni] c1ccorittkni4 tadicr 
&Qil Jatct, 1U1. lli'2. Wofk comnrlwi] 
in the reutumticiD of the aiiunih 
(1«17), isa. la^. 
filult'o, NTiiicp Hi(i;w>, unfl the Ubeny 
Df the eiulte Niirr.hi?yo, ti. fl. !J. 10, 12. 

17— IS. 21 :^7. yo, J);;, 3i. a.";. 

GoiArt Ur, T, Wiltioni WaIec. M.B^C.P, 

uu worked tlinte fdunil in the n^Lgh- 

buurtiDod af ila»ti[igBt S3 — 57. 
Smith, Riktken, aJdermAU. Chlc^iester, 

HT, 
Bmitli, TbomBA Bod Sanh* mopurnetiUl 

ipK^fitioii, ]fl7- 
Amitb, Wjljium, uF Bindtrbm 104 utiff*. 
flmillL 'VVilliani of m^^'iimg. ri3>'nliHl 

piini|iii»4iijLi]i ]Mili] lay iiTi. 
Buiii|iUiLF^' chuiTU, udi^idvi'ktuiiirQliit.rTe 

Ui. IfiO. CtQupibd Evmli tUvrem, -"ihc 

Burr*?. 
Suiiiipijry. HulTolt. eoll*<Hi*-B tit Lmdfiuld 

BuutlitMATH y*iaT\y Vhlda of Ihodt, ka. 

<KI9>1>07. 
BouUidKhitpfi , the liko. 208, 
SuuthoTtr. tUullko 207, 
BtmUirtokfl iniiQQr, [>afl of tlio Kwupe 

Bouthwell, EllEAlwtU^ ilnuiclitDr of Sir 
Thorou, lirr marrb^ ^cttlomcnl, iOO. 

SuiiloTi, Julia, aJdcriniin, CbicbiHUrr, 
147, 

Spi^lmiin^ Pjr Henrj, his dhU^bl^ 
Dnn>ibj mhirled Ut Sir Italpli Wbit- 

BpeaHr. Bicharilf trvetffi Tor Urn Cmvcii 
uholanhipr W*}. 

AEi[iie?'LrBlar» 9\i^ 
Sin-iiiyiilt. ^ir OiTlieTl, bla viay af going 

U> cliurcli 100. 
SUi.^* EliB&bulli, ditUL'ttcr of CJpmvut, 

fiKt wffe of Jubu WbilUjId of Teatop- 

den, SS. 
StfilmikTi, B4]nry, comiDiiEiHtaliL cum- 

ruid^ioDi^r, ^'7. 
SUIdiah, Joho olerk to tbteuinmidBi{>a- 

flra ItW, 
Ftftfuford BridjP, biiriti of, 7S. 
hlflTifiiiiw- Anliuf, pttlltoning for bin 

ilut!f ft.'' B L'ravun wcUoliir, IJO. 
Etfiumfr. yturly ^liluu cf InEdtt &0. 

&tUTiAl<«[] furcAt and woodi, 102. 
Clmr(^E im Iha isirAte, 1(13^ Fojnl 



WUtut>'»f Wiir*, the, U<>, 

SU'er. ThumEw, h1^ PiKnw* prffttJTe to 

Uiv iimiL (Tifi'tied liLi Ji^itlh. VJ5. 
St^fphciiifiiu, Tliuiuip. bu[itLAiuiil suivCy 

for Ikibd-t WTiitfold. 65. 
Sturty. oiiilttvd from tbe Hiiitinge 

Qnqne Tiirl CliHrler, B. 
Stowi? ^ C-hnm\c\f on thff dMirutnJoti of ^ 

Lhu ltc-jn<iri. St. Ftiul's.Bft. 
Btoiyni~<r], Willtnm Li>rd, ouc of (hfli 

Jumivim the trial of Lord l>ncrc. J77, 
Streftt,ychrlr Vftlua of lnmU, 4;c ClOlPJ' 

2<)-. 
Strt'vin. iTohuH LindAelJ. Ula eburuh, 

uiarka, 4D. 
SiTiKlc. Sir Cdor^a, Ua GaU(<» MiqnA*-| 

[vnil, rJitiir vnliit, &o, HI), Ria 

fijnpiiiv) s, Wiill4T "Ip. 24. 

BiiiuDbr. irr £o[jLenor> Riubard, (ate Oi] 

thu pam^kiKiicrF af 8ir N- Futbamj 

attimkcJ by Lord Dfltin-'a deer-fttfaJin^ 

parly, 17^. 17'^ 
SiittF^'Y rpon iTorkft, iS"fl Ipoti wnrk* 
i^iiiv^'X mauorlul nHidoiJOL'rL, tSae Ole- 

ball 
&ievex, Robert mrl of, oae of tbe juror* 

un Lord DucroV triflln 177, 
Swnn, AiJnm. fiuhfliiy iMkllwtop, Ky*, ItO- 
Snc'^Q »Mi of Uodvtite, tj1»i mvil olu- 

rsclL-r. 7a, Murder iilouiioil by bizUa 

SyTunu.^, Wollcr, of Wuet ^ItterlDSl 

royofiit roiii]>04iliori puid by, fl7». 
hjiuoodi, EliziheUi, murdBM, 1?4, 



T. 



Tiilar, Er, oD Eaelbqurne. 83. 

Titiiun-, Jr»hn, [lOtiUDiior in ftf SirOBr-j 

retl KcirjrP, lift 
Tanu<:[, Wlllbm, Ot^hallwld to. 69. 
TAiTJug pBrmb {TjirriDgKcvilltj) oolloo- 

tion at Lindfitld for, 47. Yev4j 

value rtf InndE, J^O (Tl>41») ^9. 
Tfiy[4>r. Tlvirnn^, ane ol tbe " cb»fs4j 

nitn" of l.irjiSlii-'ld 40, 
Tvjlur, UicburJ of firnley, bdiI Jolill of 

Icbenor, Ti^yBliat ccimjKviLioiia [^njd by. 

TulAcombQ yearly valJia of the taodftij 

AC r lh4n) iin. 
Tuuplc Jmura Suffiei fce'iu^fnttor £ffi. 
Tbturrv'a ncciiuDt of Lbc liadiutf 

llnreld'e buJy, 70, 60. 
Tborfie, Tljc>mui> lucLiml-ait oF N< 

eyi4 i'bii|iot. ^fi- 
TJiiiiJ^r, Thi'muf bwd leu»d lo Bl. 
Thuj-iiiL' tljiit jjni^i-h TeffP-'noM lo 

Auilorij Shirley bi lit VZ. 
Tburitliaiii. Utnry iiclitit^ing for 

dute Di n CrAveb MhoUr, 110. 



INDEX 



n\) 



Tbf&s. EdifHnl. Fjklmflr iDuioriiiiTijbaJwd 

hi» eariaoro, 73, Stain. 7». Sm 79. 
Townfflad, Roy- Ctiarlm, hJs miioippre- 

bejiniun idative to iLo alLor u>mb in 

tVisa tun church Ij3-C6. 
Triifi;]tit Johji U4 daye vrhitewMhmpf a 

□ liTlfch, 43. 
TrogQZ, or 'lYpgnpo fiktnily, enrly ownsrs 

af f^umpcjiit!, 181, 1»2. Orlj^»r tbv 

THf^Lca, William N-irthDja H. 

IMgfona J^Q oiLftofUifr'-ohufuutraoD" 
Of LmdrleM 41. 

Tniiuilo. v\iinvi. ]iTinlrT oF Lfln*iU 191. 

Tryinlet. Edwanl, uf Bu^liaiu, ruyaliet 
.OOmpo'itiDn pikid by, Oi'j, 

TiickDt>ti>» JoltUtinonamcatalidsoriptioa, 
IS7, 

TuHoD. 81r John, 1 \'2 nfltf. 

TuppvEi Uurburt cmujuitut&l lodorip- 
liun. l&G, 

Turner lltv, Edvard. U A., on Uio loot 
toWQS nf Notlhoje ajk^l Hydnoyu, 1 — 
H't. On Uiehalt, 111 — 7<> On a Dt]«- 
lom of Mtl^nu the poor Tn tork on 
iUnmCovUi'u Ti-J, On Ijiifb rottj^in 
BuftifeaL l«y — lUO, Ontlio Hiimpernof 
Tarniig und HunlLiii>T[iDint IPD. On 

Tumifr, Kittinrd uf BLrJbam. royaliat 

(xiiu[H)'iiliL^u ^iiuil hy. Vu' 
Tureflr, KoffCT, jaa. Eaq. on tht Great 

GwrBD Inn. PctworLh, 1.14— JH. 
Turner, Tbomas, hi# Ctqw*! rvlrvtiTe to 

Lmdj Han'ey, 115. 
TwiDeLatu, RfunaD rcmalrip foiiDil at, 

Kii'r. J|M-. Yi-EiiTv vnlnouf lauda, A;c. 

In thi! p*ri-li (1<!L»4) L*<'l7, 
Tyler. Rio., LiaJUijld, ooagf the ''ehefwt 

men," *0, 
Tyrwhiti/. fnrmor owui<r!^ of ElobiPK- 

iitun, 110, 
TyoHu, &lj, uu Lindlictd cburcb b«ll(i 

43 4JI, 

U. 

DckfleGd* yearly Taliie of laiHJii. ^a, 

Uden, BichftrdT linJilijId. oiks of the 
^^cbalVAl men/' JO. ULai>bliri:1imarka, 

V. 

Titllum, \ta Tarioud mCAniQjirs, 2t fi06f. 
VavbCir, JameA, BldotuuuH C'hicbcAter, 

147. 
VL-tty. A. C. Ksq. |(mrniri« brief for 

churub ixdltcLiou miuDiLuiitmtad by. 

44. 



Vtnnblea, TLat. E, oq th« cburnotoi of 

Lord Dfn^ru. 17^, 
Veonljleo, iticJjBrd. 17L 
VsreuJl, Kiohard, of Fiuohw. LindtioUl, 

43 
Vemlo, Mnater Williajii do, trtsaurtir of 

Chic'hustLT, SG. 
Tercall, dorivatiud of tJie name. JJO, 
Vtcloririua. Ooia of, found ; Olte of the 

tliirly lyfanla bi^i f^hanuiter aAd end, 

It2, 143. 
Viilltr, Sir, Peviinaoj, map |>088«««ed by, 

17. 
ViDi!^ dk>bri, Ifloant erf tha Qll^^a, IH. 
Vint^ StepUuo, Lludllgld query relfttiTO 

to. J 3fi. 
Yyiiall, Jd, and Ricluxrd, Uidr uburoh 

iDaik3,46 4U. 



W, 



Wac9, tbe cbrouldtx, on Harold^A jiiitr. 

livy Ui Koruiandy, IG. iJu bbe uaUi 

onaotcd from ffarold, 77. 
WadhuFBt yearly vbW'i of landa. iiOt 

Wflldrnn, Lhe like, W8. 
WnllLr, Sir WiltiHiii. Purlhununtiry 
Bcomd, 104. Hia ai^e uf Atuadoi 

COBtLo, 114, 

Viatltit. Hetify- 84. 

WuloL't. EUinor Indaninre of apprfu- 

tictsLdjuif, 2iJ3. 3J0. 
Walfxjle. t^ir I^pben, <iC. 148. 
Walsingbairj^ Bnrbara^ daU|{bt«r of Six 

Waliham Ablioy. alleged burinl Lh*Tc of 

\iA fiiuiiiU-t. itarold, Bt. 
WnrdcLi WilHam, tnutec fur hirThotnaa 

Sbiclyy, 45 ft. 
WarLting mixnor, 111, Itj GucoeeeEve 

onqen, ibid iwte. 
Wflrlon, Tbnoaa piiM lntirMt& on Qtt 

lUtiEian Itottd or Fmrtvay, near Eon- 

bam IG2. 
Woflbfr PiiHillK. b<^r dt^pgamcm, in fv 

&ir Gairett Xomi^u, 117 
Wailiingtou, rbiitutkiilile diicovefy t>f 

dnxou culua at 189. 
Wr»L*iludi? Ksn»*iuciita Noriheye, |4. 
Wateninui Kliiobelb flrat wife ofFrwi- 

Oig WLil£xdd ^9- 
Wiifenniin, l.lra'w wifjjnf Tfioinaa WMt- 

rf?ld, SO. 

Wi^lermanH Tbomtu lenwit of tbuQa^Ee^, 

Wvbli Lady, h«r dau^bb^r '*a uotofious 

lnifiKt," HT. 
W-'nii*(irth, f*ir John. ^WltiinmoTiC 

KJvcTi tnhle ^ii'fitBlJ3' IIH, 
Wq»t Frjumb, jiiTi, biB uhilruh JtJiirk, pur 

WiJJ. DarJaui' JV, 



23U 



hSDtX. 



Wat, '^bllcu hit charfi^ " for makTDfie 
the turn]**!," ;1H. OiiL^of tho' cLcfial 
men" oi LiQjfidd, 40 41. 

HJ-S. 

WcHEilenPn yearlj value or Imjde Ac 

^»Com, Lordd their in&tcmni mnceetftr 

G7. IntunmiirTiagtB nilli Ck4 Sbir- 

ley* 67, 6X- 
WutAilB, jmrljr ttHtie of Unilm &o, 

(1&43) E03- 
Wutt (IrLodUflil. HiiuestratioD <if the 

OarriU Horlcf catalos nt, J IS. Jvcr 

■ ■:{. 

WiiippioK |"DBf. Ptflwurth, 137, 

cf N[>r(liiimtji<r]ii[irlHiirJSubHi!C, NOH'EH 
CD tliH. bv M. A. Irtiwpf. M.A, f.SA, 
g;i. Ul^VutiuD of RuburL Whitfetd to 
&uriA.x: cQuipcllcd to |>rr>vo ihit ha 
ipna not n ficM, ttl, BC PotuniBUtur)' 
prijof ol hifi NijrHUJTnbrinii oTJ|j;in, HC. 
fljd <>lf1v:4E "ujit Ibiln-rt, hit iMiie iukI 
ihefr marriui^s^ &'\ »7- IMs >uu 
Ttiumus, 67, IIJA daugLtart au<t thdr 
TiiiLrriat;ce, 8!^- Jolitt Whitfvl'l uf 
Tcuti'rdon and hiagnuideoit Sir Rnlpb, 
ifi'ii. John W'b BegiRtry-^nUytfl imnie. 
t&(V. nvfe. HinHd eml. fiU. HEsbJilifKl 
Hin i&uct bJB ■ttsciTudsDtis &l>t IK), 
t^niforiu jiroAperity of Lhv famllj : iio 
enus, 'J (J. 
"WLitlf^y^ N ieliutaa, Esq, Lis pamphlet oti 

DiMtlU^il^TnmitFi 1*1). 

Wlpiiiiii^ifin Anthony, till' ilBiioBJlJcn [□ 

Bu- triirrcti K'j[i»]ic'6ca.-i.', lUrJ,. 
WLUiDui Lund hlarelntii^mi wkh HarglJ, 

Willi&m m CDlnof, fonnd. 14a, 
1A'iM^;iin nf Aiialnm^bury & Ht&if! mentis Ip 

ti^fcttni:!: to IlnroU], 7J. 77. 61. 
Willi&iuvf FLticLitrd on tlju diaitooal uf 

Harolds rTiaaiuf, £U 61. 
^'IlJibim^, Kichbrd cf Chichuter, 

ri^ynliKt ccwniiohittfln juiid liy lifi. 
Willing'lan nurl fs'orihtyii, i:^, 29, 30. 

yufirlj vulut of luuJf ic (HilOJ 

Wilniingltm. ysnly value. £:u tlU4ii3 

Wj[«]n, UufTindrm viUt! of H&ljih tSmrd, 

lOU rrirjE. 
^^'ilAul' Su- Wininm, Bufvticl. tarty to 

u jmilfiU indonCurt iJUU, L'tO. 



Wimble. Suafa tnd Ellambeth, monij- 

□ncDtal inKripliiinx, 1^8. 
Winolieli«, deque port limb of HkbU, 

iiLgB. y. Cikiue of Ibtt doBtPiicii 

of old WSTichprsni, li. 
Wiccbeet^^r ink™ hy Cromwell, 1< 

Boo,^ froLii Miilhursi. H'.K 
fflndftor, Andrew L*>ni one oE tl 

JuTorBon Lun! D&cro'ti iHid, H'. 
WiTfllfilietd, venrlj' vulue of liLnila, 

(lK4iO ^n. 
Wulfu, Nicholaa. of ravel Intj^well, Mi 

ck^TaIc ordctpd to hv m.><jiivfE?jihI 93, 

Hny^liat oompai^iriiiii pnid liy bim. IMS^ 
Wooti ll^nrj, of Horahnm royoLfltovia- 

jkOFiiEion phM hy H,^. 
W«>it Afr John.' of HIcLtit^d^l Fluw. 

Roinnn rpiniiiiis f<niud by llfff. 
Wuod TLiiiriaa l^nnitl i>Uh(Qajn*,1l< 
Wu'KlpBte Mr, Lindfitld, his olmrul 

Dinrk, 1[«. 
Wcx>tr John snl:isldT coiDmlHftinner Rvi 

l;>{i 

Woi>]|fflr, Jennjr mid Tliomu, mom 

ntuliU {uiHriptiouA m?- 
WKri^iJier KUrtaine af hia toftlimonj 

Hamldiflnudupt atuiM'kinff 7S, 
Wuuhj-D I'^LiMd found III the neigh 

buuiliinKl ui llAflTir»us, rflju^rliy 

T. W. W, ^nmrt iI,U,CP with 

Btuiitliv MrLowtir G7— CO. 
Worili t,he Inncla fcj calfcd in TfnunDcrfcl 

nn- ^' 

WuiLh ?arlph, ('early vilup of l&nda jca 

Wiookngi' fl(»I*on and jtitwn, privfle^^ 
of ihttCiinjufl Porta ai>t coutredod 

Wriifht [fr Mrtifylng tofiir n, Kemp*" 

iuJjiiuilii.'^, V^i. 
Wriyht Kcbtrl hw goods diflttoicjcd for 

]ioie Uui-£. J)C. 
Wultnoth son of QodwiDe 73. D«- 

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c^*uitnt''I<i t\u\ L>ii) Af^r. .liHiiiuui 
n ciiiiiue |mti li^iJiilT 'it l^ju duri 
hii oltidiil viBit :J(^— ^4»5. 

Toiihg Inmlly. iLonumt'iiliiI ir.AfHblii 
lfl7. 

Yoiiiigf:> Jubti bb oriuidniuL bgnti 






GREATA. 

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rt U> llQ0 11— Fqr^an-wd rsaJ ^ii-inn, 

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H 1^ It 80 — For " No, 4 ■ho*'! the toKintor Lmor front of thswcaUvB 
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ihoblii be louf UuiHd D( salt fhmt 

„ t4S» „ fl— For BatCMin ntd MtenuBfc 



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