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From tlu Norman Conq-u^st to the present time. 


Printed for the Author. 



&^^- i£ ■ ^i' . 

2/f. d. lL 




O F 


In New England, 




Preparing for Publication. 




With n Vindication of the Earl by Sir Philip Sidney. 



(As reported by an eye-witnexs,) 






Introductory Remarks; including historical and biographical 
sketches of the Dudleys, Duke of Northumberland, 
Earls of Warwick and Leicester, and of Earl Dudley, 

SuTTONS, of Sutton-upon -Trent, in Nottingliamshire, from 
anno 10T9, 

SuTTONs, Lords of Dudley, anno 1326, 

SuTTOx-DuDLEYs; — ^Johu, first Baron Dudley, who assumed 
the name of Dudley, anno 1439^ .... 

William Dudley, Bishop of Durham, who died 1483, 

Edmund (vSir) Dudley, tempe Hen. VII. 

John (Sir) Dudley, Viscount Lisle, Earl of Warwick and Duke 
of Northumberland, " 

John Lord Dudley, (known as Lord Quondam,) 

Thomas Dudley, brother of the above ; ancestor of the Dud- 
leys of Massachusetts, 

Edward Lord Dudley, the last of the Barons Dudley, 

Ferdinand (Sir) Dudley, and his daughter Frances who mar 
ried Humble Ward, afterwnrds created Baron Ward, 

Dudleys of Yeanwith, in Cumberland, 

John Dudley, of Stoke Newington, near London, 

Pedigree of the Suttons, and of the Sutton-Dudleys, 

" Dudleys, Duke of Northumberland, Earls of 

Warwick and Leicester, 

" Dudleys of Yeanwith, .... 
" Dudleys of Massachusetts, their connection 
with the Barons Dudley, as well as with Northumber 
land, Warwick and Leicester, .... 

" PuREFOYS of Wadley and of Drayton ; and of 

Sutton-Dudley Arms . 

Dudleys of Massachusetts, some account of, by Cotton Mather 

Life of Gov. Thomas Dudley, by Cotton Mather, 

Parish Registers at Northampton, and at Clipsham, 

Henry Howard, Earl of Northampton, 






I to XVI 
















Captain Dudley, (presumed to be Roger Dudley,) in 1563 and 

Roger Dudley, presumed to be the father of Gov. Thomas 

Purefoy or Purefey, family of, 

Tradition among the descendants of Gov. Dudley, 

Thomas and John Dudley, of St. Michaels, Oornhill, London, 
presumed to be the great-grandfather and the grand- 
father of Gov. Thomas Dudley, . . . . 

John Lord Dudley, (Lord Quondam,) elder brother of Thomas 
Dudley, Citizen and Draper, 

Coat of Arms of the Dudleys of Massachusett 

Pedigrees ; reference to, ... 

Heralds' Records and Visitations, 

Parochial and other Registers, 

Wills and Administrations, 

Dudley Wills, 1500 to 1632; reference to. 

Gov. Joseph Dudley, some account of. 

Funeral Sermon on his death, by Benjamin Colman, 

Will of Gov. Joseph Dudley, .... 

Letters to Gov. Joseph Dudley, (hitherto unpublished,) 

From Edward Randolph, — William Stoughton, — In- 
habitants of Braintree, N. E. — John Hayward, — 
Daniel Gookin, — John West, — Robert Worsley, — 
Lord Outts, — Lord Cornbury, (4) — Edward South- 
well, — Isaac Addington, — Gov. Cranston, — John 
Winthrop, (2.) 

Appointment of Joseph Dudley, William Stoughton, and Pe- 
ter Buckley, as a Court of Admiralty, in 1687, with 
the Great Seal of New England attached, . 

Warrant from Prince George of Denmark, as Lord High Ad- 
miral ; with his Seal, 

Pedigrees of the Descendants of Gov. Thomas Dudley : 

Gov. Thomas Dudley, 

Samuel Dudley, and Mary Winthrop, 
Ann Dudley and Simon Bradstreet, 
Patience Dudley and Gen. Dennison, 
Meboy Dudley and Rev. John Woodbridge, 
Some Account of the Woodbridge Family, 
Gov. Joseph Dudley and Rebekah Tyng, 
Rebecca Dudley and Samuel Sewall, 
Ann Dudley and John Winthrop, 

Ann Winthrop and . . . Miller, . . 























[N. 114 


Pedigrees of — 

Col. William Dudley and Elizabeth Davenport, 
Mary Dudley and Francis Wainwright, 

Mary Wainwright and Joseph Atkins, 
Mary Winthrop and Gov. Joseph Wanton, 
Catherine Winthrop and Samuel Brown, 

Catherine Brown and Col. Epes Sargent, 
Bebeokah Winthrop and Gardon Saltonstall, 
Saltonstall, of Huntwicke, and of Rogerthorpe, 

some account of, 

Margaret Winthrop and Jeremiah Miller, M. D. 
John Still Winthrop and Jane Borland, 

John Still Winthrop and Elizabeth Shirreff, 

Winthrop Family, 

Appendix. Will of Edward Dudley, of Westminster, 1542, 

Katharine Dudley, of the City of Lon- 
don, 1568, . . . . . 
John Dudley, of the City of London, 1545, 
Thomas Dudley, of the City of London, 


Gov. Thomas Dudley, of Massachusetts, 
1658, . . . . . 
Addenda. Gov. Thomas Dudley and others, leaving Eng- 

G^v. Joseph Dudley, Sketch of his Life by Judge 

C. P. Daly, of New York, 
Great Seal of New England, under Andros, in 

1686 ; historical Account of,* . 
Sutton of the Charter House ; some account of. 




































A fac-simile engraving of the Seal accompanies this. 


Page XV. Introductory Remarks, note at foot, insert ^° Fostar-^Sir Antliony 

Foster, of Cumnor Place. 
Pedigree A. John Dudley, of Aston; — besides Margaret^ there was 

another daughter Jane^ who married Richard Snell, of 
Hampstead Marshall, Co. Bucks 
" B. Winifred, wife of Henry Dudley, was daughter of Robert^ 

Lord Rich. 
" " Sir Robert Dudley, (Leicester's son,) married j^r«t (it is pre- 
sumed,) the sister of Cavendish the navigator. He died 
in 1049, not 1639. Cavendish died at sea, and Sir Robert 
took out letters of administration on his estate.* 
^' " Sir Philip Sydney, left issue a daughter Elizabeth, who mar- 
ried Roger Manners, fifth Earl of Rutland. She survived 
him only two months, and died without issue. 
'^ C. Robert Dudley, Alderman of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, died in 
1613, not 1576 
Eighth line, for round read otal. 
For F. A. (Randolph) read Edward, 
Yov F.A. " read Ed, 

For J. 8. G. (Addington) read Isa. 

Fifth line, Stephen Dudley, (a) for Oilmonton read Gilmanton. 
" '* n. Stephen. 8 Peter, for Longer read Louge. 
" " " (5) for Gilmor read Gilman. 

" 100. Simon Bradstreet, insert Goxernor, 

1. Samuel Bradstreet, m. Mercy, da. of William Tyng^ not 
'* 102. Ann Dudley, VIL Mary, m. in 1754, not 1854. 
" 105. Meroy Dudley, IL Lucy, b. 1642, m. 1st Rev. Simon Brad- 
street, of New London, Conn., — m. 2nd Daniel Epi)es, 
of Ipswich. 
" " in. John, for Hillingworth read Killing worthy 
" 110. Charlotte Woodbridge, d. 1 Dec. 1831. 

1. Charlotte Mumford, h. 29 Nov. 1781, d. 8 Jan. 1835. 

2. Catharine, (second wife of N. Richards,) now living. 

Page 51. 









* Privy Council Register, 18 March, 1592-3. 

t Eillingworth, a corruption of Kenilworth^ in England. 

From Ili86 

10 ItiKU 


The materials, of which the present work may be considered 
merely an abstract, were collected by me some twelve or fourteen 
years ago ; since which time my engagements have been such as to 
prevent my devoting the requisite time to their assortment and de- 
velopment, until recently, by appropriating occasionally an evening 
to the furtherance of the object, I have been enabled to accomplish 
thus much, which I now submit to the reader, craving his indulgence 
for such imperfections as may exist. 

One of the principal objects of the present enquiry was to ascer- 
tain whether the Dudleys of Massachusetts, in New England, were 
connected with, or descended from, the family of that name in Eng- 
land, some of whom were so celebrated during the reigns of Hen. 
VU., VIIL, Edward and Elizabeth. 

In all attempts of a similar nature, it should be borne in mind that 
the utmost that can be attained is to make the investigation as tho- 
rough as the nature of the resources that are available will admit, — 
perfection cannot be obtained. Many discoveries and corrections of 
errors of former writers, both of omission as well as commission, may 
be made, — many may remain undiscovered, and some errors may 
unwittingly be committed in the endeavor to correct the mistakes of 
others. The genealogist, who is well acquainted with all these diffi- 
culties, will be ready to make due allowance for any errors that may 
exist ; at the same time he will be gratified to find the correction of 
errors of former writers as so much contributed to genealogical sci- 
ence, rather than to find fault with such as may remain. 

It might in some cases facilitate the tracing of Pedigrees, did the 
custom prevail for females to retain their maiden name on their 
nlarriage. Where the mother and daughter were of the same name, 
as for instance, Ann Winthrop, of New London, had a daughter Ann, 
both living to advanced age, and there were no means of distinguish- 



ing one from the other, it is not sufficient to say that one was Mistress 
and the other Miss, for in earlier times the unmarried lady was called 
Mistress. Apart from this, how much better would it be to say Mrs. 
Dudley Winthrop, instead of Mrs. John Winthrop ; there have been 
several of the latter name with nothing to distinguish the wife of one 
from the wives of the others. In the case of men we have a distinctive 
mark, John Winthrop, Senr., John Winthrop, Junr., father and son, 
but we do not say Ann Winthrop, Senr.^ Ann Winthrop, Junr., 
mother and daughter. It would require no law to establish the change ; 
let the double name be inscribed. on the cards at the time of the mar- 
riage, thus — Ann Dudley Winthrop,a.nd the custom would soon prevail. 

In the Pedigrees now given it has been found impracticable. to give 
the authorities whence the several entries are derived; suffice it to 
say that they are derived principally and mainly from the ^* Heralds' 
Visitations," the most important of the Heralds' Records, and the 
highest and most authentic source from which any of the earliest 
pedigrees can be compiled ; these with the " Heralds' ancient rolls 
and ancient books in general, are allowed by the courts of justice to 
be good evidence of pedigrees."* The Visitations " commenced just 
preceding the dissolution of the monasteries, and the King at Arms 
was impowered to visit them, as well as the private houses of the 

My first search in the present investigation was at the Heralds' 
College, or more properly the " College of Arms." Copies of every 
pedigree in that depository in reference to tbe Sutton-Dudleys were 
taken by me. In this I had the assistance and co-operation of Al- 
bert W. Woods, Esq., the present Lancaster Herald, to whom I 
am indebted for the interest he manifested in the investigation. In- 
dependently of the Visitations, the College of Arms contains very 
valuable collections relating to the families of the nobility and gen- 
try. The labors of Augustin Vincent alone present upwards of two 
hundred volumes of rich materials, consisting of abstracts of char- 
ters, deeds, family settlements, the inquisitiones post mortem in the 
Tower, &c. 

My next source of enquiry was in the MS. department of the 
British Museum, where there are among the Harleian Manuscripts, 
numerous genealogical collections, together with copies of many of 

* OrigineR GenealopicsB, by Stacy Grimaldi, see pp. 52, 54, of the present work, 
f Noblc^s College of Arms. 


the Heralds' Visitations, and some few of the originals. A vast fund 
of genealogical information is to be found in the Harleian collection ; 
unong other writers L would more particularly notice the works 
of the indefatigable Robert Glover,- Somerset Herald, who died in 
1588. His pedigrees are the most carefully drawn up and considered 
among the most correct of the genealogical writers of that period. 
** Those mines of historical wealth, the State Paper Office, and the 
MS. department of the British Museum."* 

Besides the " Inquisitiones post mortem," the parish registers and 
wills in the various depositories, are the most important records to 
consult. Of the latter I made a most thorough investigation in the 
several depositories in London. It is unsafe to rely on county his- 
tories or historical writers for pedigrees, unless when compared with 
original sources of information. When errors occur they are liable 
to be copied from one source to another, and very frequently are so 
found. In Blore's pedigree of the Sutton-Dudley s, though the most 
complete that I have met with, there are several omissions and er- 
rors. The issue of John Dudley, say between 1520 and 1550, he 
states to be Edward, Henry, and George, and this error, like others, 
is copied from one writer to another, whereas by reference to the 
Will of Cecily, Marchioness of Dorset, dated 6 May, 1527, we find it 
to be Edward, Henry, and Thomas,] 

So also with the C/opto/i Dudleys ; some genealogists commence 
their pedigree with Richard Dudley as descended from John Sutton, 
Lord of Dudley ; others state that the Clopton Dudleys claim to 
be descended from the Lords of Dudley ; but they do not show 
how, or in what way. On page 5 of the present work, I have shown 
the only connection that existed between these families, which 
was simply the marriage of Richard Dudley, in or about 1359, with 
the widow of John Sutton, Lord of Dudley, leaving issue by that 
marriage a son, Richard ; but he did not become a descendant of the 
Lords of Dudley by such marriage. The succession to the Lord- 
ship of Dudley was in. the issue by the first marriage. Bridge, in his 
history of Northamptonshire, by Whalley, states, Richard as descen- 
ded from John Dudley, of Dudley, Co. Staff., Anno. 1360, but he 
does not say that he was John, Lord of Dudley. The Heralds' Visi- 
tations do not give any ancestry of that family previous to Richard. 

* J. Lothrop Motley, Preface to History of the Netherlands, 
f See Pedigree A. 


The Richard who married the heiress of Hotot, was the son of the 
above Richard. It may be thought that Richard Dudley, tempe 
1359, was of the Sutton-Dudley family, from the oircumstance that 
the document quoted on page 5, from the Lansdowne MSS., styles 
him " Richard de Dudleye, Lord of Dudley," this however was 
only as being the husband of the widow of the late Lord of Dudley. 
In ancient times such was customary, during the minority of the 
heir. The coat of arms of the two families are totally different. If 
Richard Dudley had been a descendant of the Sutton-Dudleys he 
yrould have been entitled to the same coat of arms. 

Another palpable error occurs in Burke*s Peerage, which states 
that Sir John, second son of John Sutton, alias Dudley, (who mar- 
ried Elizabeth Berkeley, tempe Hen. VI.) "assumed the name of 
Dudley," whereas it was the father, and not the son, who assumed 
that as the family name. His Will, which I examined, proves such to 
be the case. Then again, in the pedigree of the Dudleys of Clppton, 
he says, " John de Sutton, summoned as Baron Sutton, in 1342, a 
descendant of his, John Sutton, assumed the name of Dudley,, and 
^ from him is stated to have derived Thomas Dudley, who settled in 
Clopton, and was one of the Lords of Clppton Manor. His grand* 
son . . . . de Dudley, married, in 1395, Agnes [? Jane] Hotot." 
The slightest examination will show the errors in this statement. 
The John Sutton, who he says assumed the name of Dudley, died in 
1500 ; from him is stated to have derived Thomas de Dudley, and his 
grandson . . . de Dudley married Agnes Hotot, in 1395. Thus we 
have, after three generations, a marriage taking place 105 years be^ 
fore the death of the first named. I merely give these statements to 
show how necessary it is to take the *'' Heralds' Visitations," as th^ 
basis of pedigrees of early times. 

With respect to the assumption of " Dudley" as the family name 
by John Sutton, Lord Dudley, in 1439, instances of the adoption of 
the name of the title or lordship as the family name, may occasion- 
ally be found. Thomas Audley, Lord Audley, of Saffron Walden, 
and Lord Chancellor of England, Bishop Kennett says, " in most old 
deedes called * D'Anvillers.' " Compton, Earl of Northampton, the sir- 
name taken from the lordship of Compton.* Stanley, Earl of Derby, 
took sirname from the lordship of Stanleigh, Co. Stafford.f Grey, — 
the family took their name from the castle and honour of Chrey, in 
Picardy, which they held from Robert, second Duke of Normandy. J 

» See Additional MSS. 6. Museum, 11,322. f Ibid. \ Harleian MSS. 1411. 



My next enquiry was to examine the manuspripts in the State 
Paper Office, London. Having applied to her Majesty's Secretaries 
of State for permission so to do, I received the following : — * 

*' Downing Street, 27 September, 1848. 
" Sir, 

" In answer to your letter of the 16th instant I am directed by 
Earl Grey to convey to you his Lordship's permission for your in- 
spection of the documents in the State Paper Office, to which you 
refer, and I am to inform you that the necessary directions have been 
given to the Deputy Keeper of the State Papers for that purpose. 

" I have the honor to be. Sir, 

Your most obedient humble Servant, 

Hbrman Msrivalb.'? 
^* George Adlard, Esq." 

" Whitehall, 9th October, 1848. 
" Sir, 

" I am directed by Secretary Sir George Grey to acknowledge the 

receipt of your letter of the 5th instant, and to inform you that he 

has authorized the Keeper of State Papers to permit you to inspect 

and have copies or extracts of such documents in the State Paper 

Office as relate to a family of the name of Dudley. 

" I am. Sir, 

Your obedient Servant, 

W. Waddinotoh." 
^* Gjb;o. AdIaArp, Esq." 

" Foreign Office, December 13, 1849. 
" Sir, 

" I am directed by Viscount Palmerston to acknowledge the re* 

ceipt of your letter of the 31st of October last, requesting permissioi^ 

to take copies of any Papers, Signatures, or Seals, relating to the 

Dudley Family, which may be in the Sta^te Paper Office, and I am 

, . . 1 1 ■■■■.. . . I ' r 

* It was necessary to obtain permission from each of the Departments, viz. — 
the Home, the Colonial, and the Foreign. 


to state to you, in reply, that Lord Palmerston has informed the 
Keeper of the State Papers, that he sees no objection, as far as this 
office is concerned, to your request being complied with. 

" I am. Sir, 

Your most obedient humble servant, 

" Georoe Adlard, Esq." 

Availing myself of the permission thus given, I proceeded to make 
a thorough examination of the various documents in the State Paper 
Office, taking copies of all letters and other papers that might prove 
of interest, or might aid me in the investigation. The papers in that 
office being admirably arranged and in excellent order, and every fa- 
cility being extended to me by the gentlemen having charge of the 
State Papers, I devoted myself entirely to the object I had in view. 

There is very much of interest in the early times of this Dudley 
family. The first among those of distinguished note was the Sutton 
who was created Baron Dudley, tempe Hen. VI., and who thereupon 
assumed the baronial as the family name, and which was thereafter 
continued by his descendants. It is somewhat singular, that, with 
the exception of Burke, not a single writer, either historical or gene- 
alogical, that I have met with, has pointed out when this change of 
name took place. Burke, however, is in error as to the exact period. 
The historical accounts and the various pedigrees all continued to 
call them " Sutton, alias Dudley," long after the name was changed. 
The line of demarcation was clear enough, but it had not been pointed 
out, and it is strange that it had not been ascertained by the Heralds 
at the time of their Visitations. I discovered it on examining the Will 
of the Lord Dudley just referred to, in the Prerogative Office, Doc- 
tor's Commons, which commences thus : — 

" I, John Dudley, Lord Dudley." Previous to that time they 
were Suttons, and Lords of Dudley merely by holding the lordship 
and manor of Dudley. 

From that first Baron Dudley, descended soon afterwards, several 
branches of the Dudleys who became eminent, many of them of high 
character and standing, and highly esteemed by their respective 
sovereigns. Among them may be named — » 


Sir John Dudley, of Hatherington ; son of the above named John, 
and ancestor of the Duke of Northumberland, the Earls of Warwick 
and Leicester. 

William Dudley ; another son, an eminent divine, who was Bishop 
of Durham, and was buried in Westminster Abbey. In later times — 

Ambrose Dudley ; commonly called the ^oorf Earl of Warwick. 

Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester ; so highly esteemed by Queen 
Elizabeth; a. man of far greater ability than has usually been ac- 
corded to him. , 

Lady Alice Dudley ; a lady of very estimable character, a " mir- 
ror of Christianity and a miracle of charity," who was created, in her 
own right. Duchess Dudley, by Charles I.; 

Sir Philip Sydney ; nephew of the Earls of Warwick and Leicester, 
and grandson of the Duke of Northumberland — a paragon of the age. 

But we must not omit to name others who became notorious in 
their times. 

Sir Edmund Dudley; who for serving his master. Hen. VII. but 
too fervently, lost his head to satisfy the clamours of the people, on 
the accession of Hen. VIII. He was one of the executors of Hen. 
VIL's Will, and had a legacy of £100 left to him. 

Sir John Dudley, Viscount Lisle. Earl of Warwick, and Duke of 
Northumberland ; the intimate friend of Hen. VIII., appointed by him 
as one of the executors of his Will, (^vith a legacy of £500,) and 
guardian of his children, who was beheaded for the attempt to place 
his daughter-in-law. Lady Jane Grey, on the throne, to the exclusion 
of Mary, the rightful Queen. 

Sir Robert Dudley ; son of the Earl of Leicester, by Lady Doug- 
las, who, after the death of his father, endeavored to establish his legi- 
timacy, and with it to obtain restitution of the family estates ; Kenil- 
worth among others. This Sir Robert was a man of considerable 
talent ; he was in the service and confidence of Ferdinand II. Emperor 
of Germany, and was by him created a Duke. He was not however 
of unblemished reputation, for, leaving bis wife and four daughters in 
England, he took with him, disguised as a page. Miss Elizabeth South- 
well, a young lady of good family and of great beauty, whom by a dis- 
pensation from the Pope he afterwards married, and had by her a fam- 
ily of several children. He died at Florence, in 1649. It was the se- 
cond wife of this Sir Robert, — Alice, daughter of Sir Thomas Leigh, 
who was created Duchess Dudley. She lived to the age of 90, and 
died in 1669. 



ronage, speaking of John Dudley, Dake of Northumberland, states 
that he was knightexl by Charles Brandon, Duke of Suflfolk. — ^ In 19 
Hen. VIII. he accompanied Cardinal Wolsey into France, who was 
Ambassador there, and in 26 Hen. VIII. he was made Master of the 
Armory in the Tower, for life, with the wages of XIW. per diem for 
himself and three pence per diem for his Groom in that office. More- 
over, that in 31 Hen. VIII. he was Master of the Horse to the Lady 
Anne of Clave, then landed in this realm, in order to her marriage 
vrlth King Henry. And in 82 Hen.VIII. in those triumphal Justs held 
at Westminster, upon the first of May, and several days after, was the 
first and principal of the Challengers against all comers ; his horse be- 
ing trapt with white velvet. After which, about two years, by reason 
of his descent on the mother's side, he was advanced to the title of 
Viscount Lisle, 12 Martii, 34 Hen. VIII. and the same year made 
Lord Admiral of England, for life; being a person very comely 
and of a spirit highly aspiring ; neither wanting skill, industry, or re- 
solution to attempt great matters." 

He was one of the executors of the Will of Hen. VIII. and had « 
legacy of £500 — a large amount in those days. He was also one of 
the guardians of Henry's son, Edward VI. — had evidently been in 
great favor with Henry, and much esteemed by him. From a draft 
of Henry's Will, preserved in the State Paper OflSce, London, which 
appears to me to be in the handwriting of John Dudley, with numer- 
ous alterations therein in the same writing, I think it probable that 
the Will was drawn up by him, in which case it would show how 
much he was in the confidence of the King. 

In the first year of Edward VI. he was created Earl of Warwick, and 
in 1551 Duke of Northumberland, and was Lord Steward of the 
Household from 1551 to 1553. On the accession of Mary he was 
beheaded for the attempt to place Lady Jane Grey (who had pre- 
viously married his son. Lord Guilford Dudley,) on the throne, as 
before stated. 

Ambrose Dudley, Earl op Warwick, " was the eldest of the sur- 
viving sons of John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland. In the third 
year of Edward VI. he served under the command of his father, then 
General of the forces sent to suppress the rebels in Norfolk, and in 
III. & IV. Philip and Mary, being restored in blood through the 
special favur of Qiieen Mary, was shortly after at the siege of St. 


Quintin, in Picardy ; and in Jl. Elizabeth, being then a Knight, was 
advanced to the office of Master of the Ordnance for life ; and in IV. 
Elizabeth, to the title of Baron Lisle, and the following day the dig- 
nity of Earl of Warwick ; whereupon he had a grant of the Castle, 
Manor, and Borough of Warwick, with divers other Lordships, in the 
County of Warwick, which came to the crown by the attainder of his 
father. Before the end of that year he was made Captain General of 
all the Queen's subjects in Normandy ; shortly after which, though 
twice repulsed by contrary winds, he landed at New Haven* with 
certain forces, where he had some slight skirmishes with the French. 
Continuing there till VI. Elizabeth, he discerned that the inhabitants 
of that port had a design to betray the town, and therefore not only 
expelled them, but seized upon their ships. Whereupon the French 
prepared for a siege, which the English, not willing to undergo, be- 
cause the pestilence began to rage amongst the soldiers, they con- 
sented to capitulate upon honorable terms, which were accepted. 
During his continuance in those parts he was elected a Knight of the 
Garter ; and in XII. Elizabeth, upon an insurrection in the North, of 
the Earls of Northumberland and Westmoreland, the Earl of Sussex 
being first sent down with seven hundred men for the suppression 
thereof, this Earl, with Clinton then Lord Admiral, followed with 
thirteen thousand more, being made Lieutenant General of her Ma- 
jesty's forces in those parts. In XIII. Elizabeth he was constituted 
Chief Butler of England, and in XV. Elizabeth sworn of the Privy 
Council, being the same year one of the Peers who sat in Westmin- 
ster Hall, upon trial and judgment of Thomas, Duke of Norfolk ; as 
also in XXIX. Elizabeth, at Fotheringhay, for trial of Mary Queen of 
Scots. ' 

" He died without issue, 21 February, 1589, Anno 32d Elizabeth, 
at Bedford House, in the suburbs of London, and was buried in the 
beautiful chapel called the Beauchamp Chapel, adjoining the Collegiate 
Church of Warwick, where his monument is still to be seen."f 

Robert Dudlet, Earl of Leicester, was the second surviving son 
of the Duke of Northumberland. He was Master of the English 
Munition at the Siege of St. Quintin, during the reign of Mary, who 
had restored him, his brothers and sisters in blood. Under Queen 
Elizabeth he was Master of the Horse, — of the orders of St. George 
and St. Michael, — Knight of the (carter, — of her Majesty's Privy 

* Havre, formerly called New Haven, 
f Glutterbuck^s History of Hertfordshire. 



Council, — Lord Steward of the Household, — Chancellor of the Uni- 
versity of Oxford, — Justice of the Forests on this side the River Trent, 
— Lieutenant and Captain General of the English Forces in the Low 
Countries, — Governor and Captain General of the United Provinces 
in the Netherlands, — and in the year 1588, Lieut. General of the Eng- 
lish Army against the Spaniards, on the expected approach of the 
Spanish Armada. When stationed at Tilbury for this purpose, the 
Queen being there, she thus addressed her soldiers — " My Lieut, Gene- 
ral shall be in my stead, than whom never prince commanded a more 
noble or worthy subject,'''* Soon afterwards the Queen contemplated 
giving him absolute control over the affairs of the kingdom, by ap- 
pointing him her Lieut. General for England and Ireland ; this, how- 
ever, she was persuaded by Burleigh and Hatton to abandon, though 
the letters patent were actually drawn out. 

In the Shrewsbury Correspondence, in the College of Arms, is the 
following letter from Queen Elizabeth to the Earl of Shrewsbury, at 
Chatsworth, with her autograph at the commencement of the letter. 
It shows how highly Dudley was esteemed by the Queen. 

" Elizabeth. 

** Our very good Cousin. Being given to understand, from our 
" Cousin of Leicester, how honorably he was not only lately received 
*• by you our Cousin, and the Countess at Chatsworth, and his diet 
'* by you both discharged at Buxtons, but also presented with a very 
" rare present ; we should do him great wrong (holding him in that 
" place of favour we do,) in case we should not let you understand in 
** how thankful sort we accept the same at both your hands, not as 
" done unto him, but unto our own self; reputing him as another our- 
" self. And therefore you may assure your self, that we taking upon 
" us the debt, not as his, but our own, will take care accordingly to 
" discharge in such honorable sort, as so well deserving creditors as 
"ye are shall never have cause to think ye have met with an un- 
" thankful debtor." — .... 

" Given under our signet, at our manor of Greenwich, the 25th day 
•* of June, 1577, and in the 19th year of our reign." 

In the Harleian Collection is a volume, entitled " English Pedi- 
grees," which, speaking of Leicester, says — " In hatred of him chiefly 
it is thought that Parsons, the Jesuit, wrote that pestilent book called 
* Leicester's Commonwealth,' which, although it be stuffed with in- 


numerable falsehoods, was secretly put into the hands of many men 
that would seem to know somewhat, but never sought into the depth 
of the Jesuit's contrivances, and so did as much mischief in that age 
and the following, as any book that hath been printed."* 

Sir Philip Sydney, (his nephew,) in his reply to this scurrilous 
work, says, " I am a Dudley in blood, that Duke's [Northumberland] 
daughter's Son, and do acknowledge, though, in all truth, I may justly 
affirm,* that I am, by my father's side, of ancient and well esteemed 
and welmatched gentry, yet 1 do acknowledge, I say, that my chiefest 
honor is to be a Dudley, and truly am glad to have cause to set forth 
the nobility of that blood whereof I am descended, which, but upon 
so just cause, without vain glory, could not have been uttered ; since 
no man, but this fellow of invincible shamelessness would ever have 
called so palpable a matter in question. "f 

Leicester founded and endowed a Hospital at Warwick, for twelve 
poor men, which is still to be seen in fine preservation in the original 
Elizabethan style of architecture. It is a noble monument to his 
fame. That, and the splendid monuments in the Beauchamp Chapel, 
at Warwick, were, to me, the most interesting objects in my investi- 

Sir Robert Dudley, son of the Earl of Leicester by Lady Douglas, 
was born at Sheen, in Surrey, in 1578. At the time of his father's 
death, viz. in 1588, he was at the University of Oxford, where he was 
considered to be one of the most accomplished men in England, and 
in many respects the superior of any of his family. In 1595 he was 
knighted by the Earl of Essex for his gallant behaviour at the siege 
of Cadiz. He is said to have married the sister of his friend Caven- 
dish, the navigator. He was afterwards married to Alice, daughter 
of Sir Thomas Leigh, and gaining by this marriage some powerful 
friends, he endeavoured to prove the legitimacy of his birth, which 
no doubt would have been authenticated, had not all proceedings been 
stopped by the influence of Lettice Countess Dowager of Leicester, 
and the papers relating to the suit ordered to be delivered to the Star 
Chamber, since which nothing has been heard of them, and no trace 
can be found; the probability is that they were destroyed. Sir Ro- 
bert then in disgust left England and went to Florence ; leavinc; his 

* Harleian MSS., British Museum, No, 6071. 

f Sir Philip Sydney's Answer to Leycester's Commonwealth, printed in the Syd- 
ney State Papers, by Collins, 2 vols., fo. 


wife and four daughters* in England, he took with him, disguised as 
a page, a young lady of great beauty and of good family, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Sir Robert Southwell. By a dispensation from the Pope 
he afterwards married this lady, and had by her several children. In 
Florence he was appointed Chamberlain to the Grand Duchess, sister 
to the Emperor Ferdinand II. by whom he was created a Duke of the 
Roman Empire, when he assumed the title of Duke of Northumber- 
land. In 1630 he was enrolled by Pope Urban VIII. amongst t^e 
Roman nobility. He drained the morass between Pisa and the sea, 
by which Leghorn became one of the finest ports in the world. He 
was the author of " Del Arcano del Mare," printed at Florence in 
1646-7, 3 vols, folio. Of this rare work, two copies are to be found 
in the library of the British Museum. After building a noble palace 
at Florence, he died at his Castle of Carbello, which the Grand Duke 
had given him idr a country seat, in 1649, aged 66. 

His wife Alice was afterwards created bv Charles I. Duchess Dud- 
ley in her own right ; Sir Robert's legitimacy being acknowledged 
in her patent. She lived till 1668, and was as distinguished for her 
charities, as her husband was for his learning and abilities.f 

John William Ward, Viscount Dudley and Ward, and afterwards 
Earl Dudley, descended from the Sutton-Dudley s in the female line ; 
a man of great talents, but exclusively devoted to periodical litera- 
ture ; the author of many of the ablest criticisms in the Quarterly 
Review. He was the only child of William, third Viscount Dudley 
and Ward. He was educated by private tutors, in an establishment 
formed expressly for that purpose, away from the parental roof, and 
to that circumstance is attributed his unhappy life and its melancholy 
termination. He was appointed Foreign Secretary under the Canning 
administration in 1827, and raised to the Earldom of Dudley. Earl 
Dudley had a dislike to the name of " Ward," preferring that of 
" Dudley." On an occasion of his having agreed to stand god-father 
to a friend's child, a difference of opinion had arisen as to the name 
to be given to the child. Earl Dudley remarked, — "About the 
name, let them do as they like best. I am John and William, the 
common property of all the world ; Dudley, which more peculiarly 
belongs to me, is equally at their service ; . . . Dudley is not the 
worst, being as I flatter myself, rather a pretty name, and besides, 
(what I consider to be an advantage,) been familiar to English ears. 

♦ Sir Robert Dudley had by his wife Alice, seven daughters. In 1616 five were 
living, and four grown to woman's estate. {Letter of Sir Thomas Leigh^ in State 
Paper Office, 

f From Nicholses Bibliotlieca Topographies. 

iNTRobtJCTOiaY reMa&ks. xm 

as a Christian name, for nearly three centuries ; during the power of 
the then house of Northumberland, it was adopted by several families." 

He diecf, unmarried, on the 6th March, 1833, after a year's forced 
retirement, under the weight of mental alienation. With him the 
Earldom of Dudley and Viscountcy of Dudley and Ward expired ; 
while the Barony of Ward devolved upon his second cousin, the 
Rev. William Humble Ward, who died two years after, and was suc- 
ceeded by his elder son, the present Lord Ward.* 

It will be seen that I have assumed that Thomas Dudley, brother 
of John Lord Dudley, (commonly known as Lord Quondam,) was 
the ancestor of the Dudleys of Massachusetts.! The further I have 
examined into this point of the investigation the more I feel satisfied 
of the correctness of the assumption. I will endeavor to give other 
reasons for this conclusion. 

In the first place the coat of arms of the Massachusetts Dudleys is 
to me a convincing proof that they were of the same family as the 
Sutton-Dudleys of England. These arms conform in every respect. 

The Will of Gov. Thomas Dudley, 1653, has for its seal the same 
armorial bearings, with a crescent, showing that he was descended 
from the second house, or from the second brother of the family, to 
whom those arms belonged. None but families of eminence, either 
of, or connected with, the peerage, would use the distinctive, badge 
denoting the branch of the house from which they were descended. J 

The Indenture of Agreement, (copy of which is given on page 47,) 
has on it a seal of a large size, which, being compared with one in the 
possession of Mr. Thornton, of Boston, attached to a deed of Governor 
Joseph Dudley's, was evidently the Governor's official seal. It is of 
large size, similar to those in use by notaries ; the die or seal from 
which the impression was taken was of brass, and in the possession of 
the family as late as 1820.§ I have several impressions of the smaller 
seal generally in use by the family, where the arms are precisely the 

I have remarked, on page 51, that " no one would scarcely venture 
to assume the arms of another family." The author of " Rights of 
Heirship" observes, — ** It was the business of the Heralds, by royal 
commission, to correct false crests, arms and recognizances, to take 
care of pedigrees, dec, and any one assuming arms wrongfully, was 

* From Burke's Anecdotes of the Aristocracy, 2 vols. 8vo. 

f See pp. 13, 48, 50, of the present work. See also Pedigrees A. and D. 

X Copy of this will is in Appendix E, pp. 141-6. 

§ A fac-simile of this seal is on the title-page. 


degraded by a proclamation in the nearest market town, and compel- 
led to disclaim them under their own hands."* 

In the next place, having the authority of Cotton Mather, that the 
father of Gov. Thomas was named Roger, I find, after the utmost 
scrutiny among the wills in Northampton and London, two only of 
the name of Roger, one of whom, named executor to Edward Dudley, 
of Westminster, in 1542, was of too early a date; the other Roger, 
was grandson of Thomas, whom I consider to be the brother of John 
Lord Dudley, who died in 1549. 

Now as to the occupation of this Thomas Dudley, and of John his 
son, who were drapers^ there is nothing inconsistent with such oc- 
cupation, as the reader will find on reference to pp. 48, 50, and by 
further inferences which I will now state. 

In 1562 Leicester (then Lord Robert Dudley,) had license or grant 
from Queen Elizabeth to export woollen cloths to the number of 
20,000 pieces, by letters patent dated at Westminster, 1st July, 1562. 
Soon after this he received another license or grant for 19,000 pieces, 
and then a third for 16,000, for a period of six years. The first 
of these he sold to the " Company of Merchant Adventurers," for 
£6,266 135. M, In the Lansdowne collection of MSS. in the British 
Museum, there is preserved a notarial copy of the latter of these 
grants, occupying twenty-one sheets. The patent provides that for 
six years he shall have leave to export 16,000 pieces of woollen cloths, 
he paying the " custumes' subsidies and other dueties" on such goods 
as exported by him or by his '' assignee, servant, factor, deputie, or at- 
torney." After reciting the duties to be paid on these 16.000 pieces, 
it refers to grants theretofore made to the number of 64,000, ordering 
and providing that Lord Robert shall " for the better execution of the 
premises" " during the said term of six years, have, use, and enjoy one 
convenient place or room, to be made several and private for him and 
themselves in every of our custom-house within every haven, port, 
creek, or passage, within this our realm, without any let or denial of 
any our customers, comptrollers, searchers, or other officers," &c. 

If, therefore, Lord Robert Dudley was"so extensively engaged in the 
exportation of cloths, which yielded him a considerable revenue, 
there may be reason to suppose that his dista.nt cousin, Thomas Dud- 
ley might be a draper^ and employed as one of his factors or depu- 
ties in such transactions. 

It is well known that Leicester patronized and assisted his relatives. 
Henry Dudley, second son of John Lord Quondam, who, during the 

* Rights of Heirship, by H. S. Causton, London, 1842. 


reign of Mary, was concerned in the Throckmorton conspiracy, was 
patronized and favored by Leicester. To such extent was this patron- 
age carried, that the jealousy of Sir Wm. Cecill was excited, in op- 
posing the contemplated marriage of Leicester with the Queen, in 
1566, when he assigned as one of his reasons — 

"III. He shall study nothing but to enhans his own particular 
Frends to welth, to offices, to lands ; and to offend others. 

Sir H. Sydney,*^ — Erl Warwyck,' — Sir James Croft,® — Henry 
Dudley,* — Sir Fr. Jobson,* — Apleyard,* — Horssey,'' — Leighton,® 
MoUynex, — Middlemore, — Colshill, — Wyseman, — Killigrew, — 
John Dudley,* — ii Christmas, — Fostar, — EUyss, — Middleton." 

In the note below I give particulars of such of these as I have 

Arthur, a brother of this Thomas Dudley, was patronized by the 
Duke of Northumberland. In a letter to Sir Wm. Cecill, dated 30th 
Oct., 1552, he says : — 

" I have a kinsman, a younger brother to the Lord Dudley, who 
hath no living but the chauntership of Litchfield, and a Priest, upon 
whom if it may please the King's Majesty to bestow a Prebend, which 
his Majesty bestowed upon Mr. Harley, at my suit, being in Wor- 
cestershire, I dare boldly say his Majesty shall have as true and 
faithful a subject as any of his coat within the realm." 

Again, on the 2nd December, 1552, he writes to Cecill — 

" At your being with me upon Thursday, I did forget as well to 
deliver you these writings herein enclosed, as also to desire you to 
take the pains to prefer the signature of them. They be all ready 
granted by the King's Majesty, as I doubt not but the same is in re- 
membrance by my Lord Chamberlain. The one is for the Prebend 
in Worcestershire, which Mr. Harley had of the King's Majesty's gift, 
now for my cousin Arthur Dudley of Litchfield."f 

Then again, there was his cousin, Thomas Dudley, the brother of 
John Dudley, of Stoke Newington, who was servant to his father, the 
Duke of Northumberland, and afterwards became Leicester's steward ; 
a man of the strictest probity, of whom Lord Burleigh speaks in the 
highest terms. 

We may reasonably infer, from all that has been said, that there are 
sufficient grounds for presuming the connection between the two fami- 

* * His brother-in-law. ' His brother. ' His cousin. * Son of Dudley, Lord 
Quondam. ^ Married to Elizabeth, half-sister to Leicester's father. ^ Half-brother 
to Amye Robsart. "* Had charge of Leicester's son. ^ Married Lettice's sister. 
' His cousin, of Stoke Newington. 

f Domestic Papers, State Paper Office, 1552. 


lies to exist as I have stated. The presumption, in my opinion, is 
little short of the actual evidence of the fact. 

Capt. Rooer Dudley. On page 41, 42, I have given an extract 
from a paper with Lord Burleigh's memoranda thereon, in which is 
stated that " Capt. Dudley" was at Havre (then New Haven,) in 1563, 
with 100 men ; and that in 1588, in attendance upon Leicester, Lord 
Steward, among others, was " Capt. Dudley ;" these I take to be the 
same person, and I think we may infer, " Capt. Roger Dudley." In 
the former, (1563,) Capt. Leighton, a cousin of Leicester's, wrote to 
him offering his services and requesting that he might have two en- 
signs of foot, or one ensign of foot to be led by his lieutenant, and 100 
lances for himself."* 

The inference that I draw is, that we have Capt. Roger Dudley in 
1563, (the year of his sister Catherine's death,) in France, with one 
of Leicester's cousins, and probably under his patronage, and in 1588 
with the army in Essex and Kent, under Leicester, where he was 
killed, or may have " died in the wars," when, at that time. Gov. Tho- 
mas Dudley was twelve years of age. 

The statement now submitted is the result of considerable labor 
and investigation, and is published for the satisfaction and informa- 
tion of the descendants of the Dudleys, who emigrated to the Massa- 
chusetts Bay in 1630, commencing with Thomas Dudley, for several 
years Governor of the Colony. From Cotton Mather we learn that 
there was a repugnance on the part of the first Governor Dudley to 
make known any particulars of his ancestry, while a few years after- 
wards, it is stated, that his next and immediate descendants were 
anxious to ascertain their English connections. Strange that the in- 
formation should have remained dormant for upwards of two centu- 
ries, and that now, for the first time, some light should be obtained. 

In the course of these investigations I met with aid from several 
friends, whose suggestions and information were of much service to 
^ ^ me, to all of whom I avail myself of this opportunity to return my 
thanks ; more especially to Edward Lechmere, Esq., Deputy Keeper, 
Robert Lemon, Esq., and A. J. Hamilton, Esq., — of the State Paper 
Office, London. To Hon. Robert C. Winthrop, of Boston, — Benj. R. 
Winthrop, Esq. and Hon. Geo. Folsom, of this city, I am indebted for 
much of the information in compiling the pedigree of the Winthrop 

New York, May 1, 1862. 
* Domestic Papers, S. P. 0., 1563. 



Sutton was the original name of this, one of the 
oldest families in England, whose ancestry has 
been traced to the time of William the Conquei'or. 
They appear to have descended from Horvius or 
Hervey, who held Sutton upon-Trent, in the County of Not- 
tingham, U William I. (1079.) 

Robert Glover, Somerset Herald in the reign of Elizabeth, 
in his account of them says: — "The origin of this family is 
to be sought either in the most illustrious race of the Suttons 
of Holderness, in the Province of York, or rather from the 
ancient family of the same name which formerly was settled 
in the County of Nottingham, near to Worksop. 

" Some of these enrolled in the list of Barons derived their 
titles of dignity from Malpas and Shocklache, in the County 
of Chester, and from the very ancient castle of Dudley, in the 
County of Worcester — domains formerly of no inconsiderable 
extent and value ; and even to this day there remains some 
distinguished men, such as Ambrose of Warwick, Kobebt of 
Leicester, (Knights of renown,) and Edward, Baron Dudley, 
besides many other most celebrated men, who have descended 
from them through an ancestry of the order of Knighthood, 
and even of higher dignity, by a direct lineal descent in the 

ndale line."* 

* Harleian MSS. in the British Museum, toI. 807. 


From Hervius or Hervey, tenant to Earl Alan of Rich- 
mond, {temjpe 1079,) descended Hervey de Sutton, Lord of 
Sutton-upon-Trent, 22 Henry H. (1175.) 

Rowland, third son of Hervey, married in 1251 Alice 
daughter of Richard de Lexinton, and sister and co-heir of 
Robert, Baron Lexinton, and of Henry, Bishop of Lincoln, 
which Robert died 34 Hen. HI. (4 June, 1250.) 

From Rowland and Alice his wife, descended William, the 
ancestor of that branch of the Buttons who became Barons of 
Dudley, and also Viscounts Lisle, Earls of Warwick, Duke of 
Northumberland and Barons Denbigh and Earl of Leicester, 
the latter in the person of Robert Dudley, the celebrated fa- 
vorite of Queen Elizabeth. 

From Robert Sutton, (temjpe 1286,) younger son of Rowland, 
descended that branch of the Suttons who were Lords of 
Averham or Aram, and of Lexinton. 

Robert, eldest son of Sir William Sutton of Averham, 12th in 
descent from the above named Robert, was created in the time 
of Charles I, Baron Lexington* de Averham ; he died in 1668. 

In the South Cemetery of Kelham, County of Nottingham, 
the burial place of the Suttons, is a fine monument in marble 
to the memory of Robert Sutton, Lord Lexington, who was 
employed in ofiices of state under K. William and Q. Anne, 
and who died 19 Sept., 1723.t At the foot of the tomb 
is the following : 

" The family of Sutton has flourished in this County (Notts,) 
from time immemorial. In the year 1251 Rowland Sutton 
married Alice, one of the sisters of, and co-heir of Robei-t 
Lord Lexington ; from this marriage issued in the fourteenth J 

* In early times spelt *' Lexinton." — A. 

f Thoroton's Nottinghamshire, by Throsby, vol. 8, p. 119. 

\ Twelfth, according to the pedigrees I have consulted. — A. 


degree in direct line, Kobert Sntton, who, in regard to his 
descent on the paternal side from the honse of Sutton, (which 
had given Earls to Warwick and Leicester, and Lord to the 
Barony of Dadlej,) and on the maternal side from one of the 
co-heirs of Kobert, Lord Lexington, and in consideration of his 
steady loyalty to his Prince, was created Lord Lexington of 
Averham, in the 21st Charles the First. Upon his death, 
which happened Oct. 13, 1668, he was succeeded in honours 
and estate by his only son Robert, Lord Lexington, here inter- 
red, who dying withont issue male, left his estate to his only 
daughter Bridget, Dnchess of Rutland, for life, afterwards to 
her second son. Lord Kobert Manners, on condition that he 
take the arms and name of Sntton." 

Bridget, who became sole heiress of the Lexington estates, 
had married John Manners, third Duke of Rutland ; their 
sons. Lord Robert and Lord Oeorge, assumed the name of 
Sutton on inheriting the Lexington property. 

Charles Manners Sutton, son of Lord Greorge, was Bishop of 
Norwich in 1792, and Archbishop of Canterbury in 1806. 
His son, Sir Charles Manners Sntton, was member of Par- 
liament for the University of Cambridge and Speaker of the 
Honse of Commons for many years. 

From Henry, third son of Sir William Sutton and brother 
of the above named Robert, {tempe 1600,) descended Sir 
Richard Sutton, Under-Secretary of State and Lord of the 
Treasury, who was created a Baronet in 1772. This branch 
is now represented by Sib John Sutton, the present Baronet, 
whose seat is at Norwood Park, in Nottinghamshire. 

We now return to the elder branch. 

From William, (who died in 1267,) eldest son of Rowland 
de Sntton before mentioned, descended Robert de Sutton, 
Lord of Warsop, (bom in 1240,) who married Lucy, daughter 


of Sir Roland Bartrain, and through her he became possessed 
of the extensive Bartrain estates in Lincolnshire and Notting- 

" Roland Bartram, Knight, gave to Lucy, his daughter, the 
wife of Robert de Sutton, and her heirs, all his manors, lands 
and tenements in the counties of Lincoln and Nottingham, 
and in reversion to Isabella his sister, and the heirs of Isabella. 
Given at Leicester, in the 19th year of the reign of King Ed- 
ward (1290.) Witness, Richard Nevill of Beckeley, Knight," 
with many others.* 

Richard, son of Robert Sutton and Lucy Bartram, 
married Isabel daughter and co-heir of Roderic, 
son of GriflSn, Lord of Shocklache in Cheshire, by 
Beatrix, daughter and co-heir of David de Malpas. 
" Richard Sutton of Worksop, by his deed dated in the 
33rd year of the reign of King Edward, (1304) granted to 
Agnes, who was the wife of James de Sutton, the rightf of 
disposing in marriage Richard, the son and heir of James,:]: her 
late husband, which right belonged to the said Richard Sut- 
ton of Worksop, by virtue of certain tenements which the 
aforesaid James, the father of the aforesaid Richard, whose 
heir he was, held of the said Richard in demesne by knight- 
service. To which deed was annexed the armorial seal of the 
said Richard Sutton of Worksop, which I have here repre- 
sented." (i. e. depicted.' 

* Harleian MSS., B. M., vol. 1666. 

f Maritagium, (in the original,) in the feudal sense, signifies the power which 
the lord or guardian in chivalry had of disposing of his infant ward in matrimony. 

J This James was cousin to Richard Sutton of Worksop. 

I The arms ^-epresented are those of the Bartram family derived from the 
mother of Richard, who was the heiress of the Bartram estates. At this time the 
Suttons took the arms of Bartram in lieu of those of Sutton, the only alteration 
afterwards made, being that of the double or forked tail, the Bartram arms having 
only a single tail. — Lanadaume M88. vol. 1665. 


A portiou of the barony of Malpas came into the family of 
the Snttons by the marriage of Eichard Sutton with Isabella, 
sole daughter and heiress of William Patric and Beatrix the 
daughter of David de Malpas.* 

Sir John de Sutton, son of Richard and Isabel, became Lord 
of the Castle of Dudley, {feiwpe 1326,) by marriage with Mar- 
garet, daughter of Roger, and sister and co-heir of John de 
Somery, Lord of Dudley and of Newport Paganel, which Mar- 
garet wds born in 1209. (Edw. 11.) From these descended 
successively five of the same name, (viz. John,) who be- 
came Lords of Dudley. 

John, the first of these five, married Isabel, daughter of 
John de Cherleton, Lord of Powis. She survived her hus- 
band, and married secondly, in 1359, Sir Richard Dudley, 
Knight, from whom, I presume, the Dudleys of Cloptou or 
Clapton were descended, and from a branch of this family 
may have descended the Dudleys of Connecticut, as the 
latter were evidently connected in no other way than by 
name with the Dudleys of Massachusetts. The family name 
of the latter, (Sutton,) was not changed to that of Dudley, till 
the year 1439, whereas that of the former was Dudley, 
" Richard de Dudley," in and prior to 1359. No branch of 
the Clopton or Connecticut Dudleys appear to have been 
ennobled, though several of the Massachusetts branch were. 

In the Lansdowne MSS., (vol. 269) in the British Museum, 
is a copy of a grant, in the old Norman French, headed — 
" Out of Sir Tho. Coton's book of Evidences," of which the 
following is a translation : — 

"To all to whom these [presents] shall come or have 
come. — Richard de Dudleye, Lord of Dudley, and Isabelle his 

* Ormerod's History of Cheshire. 


wife, both greeting : — Know ye, that we have granted and 
confirmed to Thomas de Alleford, all the demesnes, &c., (for 
the term of the life of Isabelle my wife,) which she had by 
the grant and feoffment of Mr. John de Sutton, [? her first 
husband,] in Kingeswenford. To have and to hold the afore- 
said demesnes, &c. to the aforesaid Thomas, to wit, for the 
term of the life of the said Isabelle, together with all manner 
of appurtenances ; — rendering to us, during the said term, one 
shilling yearly at the feast of the Annimciation and the feast 
of St. Michael the Archangel, by equal portions. In witness 
whereof we have set our seals to this writing. Given at Dud-, 
ley, the Saturday next after the octave of St. Michael the 
Archangel, in the 34th year of the reign of King Edward, the 
third (of that name) since the conquest." (1359.) 

The sixth of the name of John, born in 1401, was summoned 
to Parliament as a Baron, by writ,* 26 Sept., 18 Hen. YI, 
(1439,) on which he became Baron Dudley, and then assumed 
the surname of DuDLEY.f He died in 1488. His will, dated 
17 August, 1487, (2 Hen. YII,) commences thus : — 

"I, John Dudley, Lord Dudley." In this will he desires 
his " Carcas" to be buried at the Priory of St. James at Dud- 
ley, by [near] his wife ; a tomb to be made over them to cost 
£20 ; that " twenty-four new torches be lighted during the 
performance of divine service at my funeral, and that every 

* Note. ** The nobility of England; it is well known, have been of three 
sorts : — First, those who were such by right of tenure^ or by the holding certain 
lands under particular services, — of this sort these were in the Saxon and Nor- 
man times, and continued till the latter end of the reign of Henry III. Second, 
such as were ennobledhy being summoned to consult with the King in the upper 
house of Parliament, and thes^ were so from the end of Hen. IIFs reign to 2 
Rich. II. Third, created by letters patent ; of this sort Beauchamp of Kidder- 
minster was the first, and Peers have generally been so created ever since." — 

(DttgdaleU Baronage.) 

\ In the " Inquisitiones post Mortem^'' this Sir John is the first of the Dudleys 
who is recorded ** Dominus de Dudley." 


priest or religious person coming thereto shall receive IV^^., 
and every cleric singing, III^. ; I will that XX marks in 
money be disposed in alms on that day and on the morrow, 
to poor people to pray for my soul and for the soul of my 
wife and all our friends ; also, I desire that one thousand 
masses be said for me as soon as possible after my burial, 
which masses to cost XYK. XIII*. lYc?." " And I appoint 
Sir William Hussey, Knight, Chief Justice of England, and 
Sir Reginald Bray, Knight, my Executoi's." — He died in the 
year following. 

Ormerod, in his history of Cheshire, says — 

" The first of this family that is worthy of a particular notice 
is John Sutton, Lord Dudley, sixth in descent [all of whom 
were named John,] from Richard and Isabella, who had the 
honor of bearing the standard at the funeral of Henry Y. 
He was constituted Lieutenant of L-eland for the space of two 
years, (6 Hen. YI,) ' in which employment and other his ser- 
vices, he merited so well, that in 18 Hen. YI, he had sum- 
mons to a Parliament then held at Reading, and in the same 
year was appointed one of the Commissioners to treat with 
the Duke of Burgundy upon a truce.' In 26 Hen. YI, in con- 
sideration of his services, he received a grant of an annuity of 
£100, issuing out of the customs of the port of London ; and 
in 25 Hen. YI, being then one of the King's Counsel, was sent 
as an Ambassador, with the Bishop of Chichester, to the Duke 
of Brittany, and on another embassy to the Duke of Bur- 
gundy, within two years following. Towards the close of this 
reign his services were rewarded with the order of the Garter. 

Lord Dudley, as a staunch adherent to the house of Lan- 
caster, was surprised by Richard Duke of York at Gloucester, 
on his return from Ireland, and sent prisoner to the castle of 
Ludlow. He was afterwards wounded at the battle of Blore- 


heath; in compeneation for which, and hie other services, he 
received several honorable trusts and offices from his Sover- 
eign. By singular good fortune he was equally honored by 
Edward IV, after his accession to the throne, and in the first 
year of his reign obtained from him a pardon of all debts 
upon accompt due from him in the exercise of his office ; after- 
wards a grant of 100 marks yearly, issuing from the Dutchy 
of Cornwall ; and liistly, another gi*ant of £100 per annum 
from the customs of the port of Southampton. In the seven- 
teenth year of this reign, (1477-8,) he was also employed as a 
Commissioner, with the Earl of Arundel, to treat respecting 
the prorogation of the truce between France and England." 

Edmund Dudley, eldest son of this John, first Baron Dudley, 
died during the life-time of his father, and his eldest son Ed- 
ward succeeded his grandfather as second Baron Dudley. 

John, younger brother of Edmund, and second son of John, 
firet " Baron Dudley," was the ancestor of Dudley, Duke of 
Northumberland, and of the Dudleys, Earls of Warwick and 
Leicester. William Dudley, another brother, and third son 
of the first Baron, was Bishop of Durham. He was buried in 
Westminster Abbev. 

" William Dudley was an instance of personal merit and 
illustrious birth, shedding a mutual lustre on each other. He 
was third son of John Dudley, [first] Baron Dudley, by Eliza- 
beth his wife, daughter of Sir John Berkeley of Beveretone, 
in Gloucestershire, Knt, and widow of Sir Edward Cherleton, 
Knt., Lord of Powys. From John, his younger [elder]* 
brother, descended the Duke of Northumberland and the 
Earls of Warwick and Leicester. He received his education 
in University College, Oxford, and was admitted to the aca- 

* Ormerod is in error in stating that he was the younger brother. 


deinical degrees of Bachelor (1453-4) and Master, (145fi-7) 
with peculiar marks of favor and distinction. His grace for 
M. A. was pix)nounced by the Chancellor in person, Neville, 
Bishop of Exeter, afterwards Lord Chancellor of England, and 
the most magnificent Archbishop of York. 

" His institution to Malpas took place within a month after 
his having proceeded M. A., and he was ordained Deacon on 
the title of his benefice in June following. In 1466, (Nov. 
24,) Kemp, Bishop of London, collated him to the Kectorj' of 
Hendon in Middlesex, and promoted him successively to the 
Prebends of Cadington Minor, in St. Paul's, (28 Nov. 1468,) 
Newington, (15 Aug. 1471,) Brownswood, (20 Feb. 1472-3,) 
and the Archdeaconry of Middlesex (16 Nov. 1475). 

" In the mean time he had received, and was daily receiv- 
ing, substantial proofs of the favor of his Sovereign, Edward 
the Fourth. He was Dean of the King's Chapel, and in that 
quality, when the King intended " in his roiall person to passe 
over the see ayen his auncient ennemy of France," he, to- 
gether with Cardinal Bourchier, Archbishop of Canterbury, 
and others, was enfeoffed with certain royal manors, parcel of 
the Dutchy of Lancaster, for the performance of his majesty's 
will. In 1471 the King gave him the Deanery of the Colle- 
giate Church of St. Mary Magdalen^ in Bridgenorth, and a 
Prebend of St. Mary's College in Leicester, 2 August, 1472, 
when he was chosen Dean within the month. In 1473 he was 
chosen Dean of Windsor, had the Prebend of Dynre, in the 
church of Wells, 1475-6, succeeding in that stall to Cardinal 
Morton, Archbishop of Canterbury ; and in October following 
was promoted to the Bishopric of Durham, and consecrated 
the ensuing year. The final honour, as far as we have dis- 
covered, which awaited him was, that in 1483 he was elected 

Chancellor of the University of Oxford. The letter addressed 



to him on that occasion is still extant among the archives of 
the university."**^ 

Nichols, in his history of Leicestershire, says : — 

"William Dudley, third son of John, Baron Dudley, of 
University Coll. Oxford, M. A., and Prebendary of Stillington 
in Yorkshire, was presented by Edw. IV to a prebend of the 
Collegiate Church of Newark, Co. Leicest., 5 Aug., 1472, and 
on the 17th was elected Dean. He held also a canonry at 
Wells and one at Wolverhampton ; was Dean of Windsor 
1473, Archdeacon of Middlesex 1476, and in 1476 obtained 
the Bishoprick of Durham. He was a great benefactor to 
Dudley church, and to other of the collegiate churches in 
which he was preferred ; and dying, 29 Nov. 1483, was buried 
in the chapel of St. Nicholas, in Westminster Abbey, where 
he has a handsome monument,f with a rich canopy of three 
arches, and two others forming tabernacles with pedestals, to 
which descend animals, and over the whole, ten pierced arches 
and a cornice of angels holding scrolls. On the altar, whose 
side is adorned with four blank shields in starred qnatrefoils, 
was the figure inlaid in brass, and this inscription : — 

" Hie jacet Gulielmus de Dudley, e familia baronum de 
Dudley. Dunelm. episcopns. Obiit Anno Dom. 1483." 

John, the elder brother of William, married Elizabeth, 
daughter and co-heir of Sir Thomas Brarashett, of Sussex, by 
whom he had Edmund, who became notorious for extortions 
in connection with Erapson, in the reign of Hen. VH, and who 
was beheaded 1 Hen. VIH, 18 Aug. 1510. 

This Edmund married, first, Anne, sister of Sir Andrew 
Windsor, by whom he had a daughter Elizabeth. Secondly, 

* Ormerod^s History of Cheshire. 

f A represeDtation of this monument, handsomely engraved and of large size, 
is in Nicholses Leicestershire, plate 80, vol. 1, p. 886. — From OougK» Sepulchral 
ManumentMf vol. 2, p. 285. 


he married Elizabeth, daughter of Edward Grey. Viscount 
Lisle, who after the death of Sir Edmund married Sir Ar- 
thur Plantagenet, (illegitimate son of Edw. IV,) sometime 
Governor of Calais. On his marriage Sir Arthur was created 
Viscount Lisle. 

" In Swithin's Lane (Lombard street,) stood Fortington Inn, 
the house of the Prior of Fortington, in Suffolk, It was the 
house of the Veres, Earls of Oxford in 1598, and was called 
Oxford Place. * Adjacent to the Garden,' says Stow, ' stood 
two falre houses,' the one inhabited formerly by the notori- 
ous Empson, the other by the as notorious Dudley, the instru- 
ments of the grinding rapacity of Hen. VII, and whose trial 
and execution were among the first acts of Hen. VIII, after 
his accession. There was a door of communication from one 
garden to the other, where they often met in private confer- 
ence. Dudley was tried in tl^e Guildhall of London, and sen- 
tenced to be hanged, drawn and quartered. Empson was 
tried at Northampton, but afterwards brought to the Tower, 
where Dudley lay, to await his execution. The sentence was 
carried into effect on them both, on Tower Hill. 

" These were hard times, not only for the high in rank, 
but for the rich in the world's wealth. The Aldermen and 
wealthy citizens of London found the reputation of men of 
substance exceedingly inconvenient, and were often forced to 
pay large sums to the rapacious King, or rot in the dungeons 
of the Tower. Empson and Dudley, his still more rapacious 
instruments, delighted in fleecing an Alderman. Sir Wil- 
liam Capel was fined £2,000 for some slight dereliction of 
duty when he was Lord Mayor of London, eleven yeare pre- 
viously, and because he murmured at the sentence, was com- 
mitted to the Tower. Alderman Harris was also singled out 
as a victim, and died of a broken heart in consequence. Sir 


Lawrence Aylmer, and the two gentlemen who had served 
the office of sheriflF during his mayoralty, were fined in large 
sums for some imaginary stretch of authority many years be- 
fore, and kept in close confinement in the Tower for their re- 
fusal to pay it. Most of them ultimately paid the fine, but 
Sir William Capel and Sir. Lawrence Aylmer were resolute, 
and preferred the dungeons to submission to such injustice. 
They remained in the Tower till the death of Henry."* 

Sir Edmund Dudley left issue by Elizabeth Grey, 1st, Sir 
John Dudley, 2nd, Sir Andrew Dudley, (both Knights of the 
order of the Garter,) Jerom another son, and a daughter 

Sir John, on the death of his step-father Sir Arthur Plan- 
tagenet, was created Viscount Lisle, afterwards Earl of War- 
wick, and then Duke of Northumberland. He was beheaded 
on Tower Hill, 22d Aug., 1553, for the attempt to place Lady 
Jane Gray (married to his son Lord Guilford Dudley,) on the 
throne, to the exclusion of Mary, immediately after the death 
of Edw. VI, to the latter of whom he had been appointed 
guardian by Hen. VHL 

John Dudley,t Duke of Northumberland, married Jane, 
daughter and heir of Sir Edward Guilford, and had issue 
eight sons and five daughters. 1, Henry^ killed at the siege of 
Boulogne in 1544. 2, Thomas^ who died in the second year 
of his age. 3, John^ Earl of Warwick, who married Ann, 
daughter of Protector Somerset, and who died in 1553, when 
in his 24th year. 4, Ambrose^ known as the good Earl of 

* Smithes Streets of London. 

f 3 Hen. VIII. John Dudley, son and heir of Edmund Dudley, was restored in 
blood, in name, and estate, on the petition of Edward Guilford, Esq., to whom the 
King had giren the governance, rule and custody of the said John Dudley. John 
Dudley was then under the age of eight years, at which time his mother, Eliza- 
eth, was married to Arthur Plantagenet, Esq. — (Statutes of the JReeUm^ vol. 8.) ' 


Warwick. 5, Robert^ Baron of Denbigh and Earl of Lei- 
cester, the favorite of Queen Elizabeth. 6 Ouilford^ who 
married Lady Jane Gray, and was beheaded with her, 
Ist Mary. l^Henry^ killed at the battle of St. Quintin in 1557. 
8, Charles^ who died in the eighth year of his age. 

The only issue of this large family of sons was that of Ro- 
bert Earl of Leicester, who left a son Robert, by his marriage 
with Douglas Lady Sheffield, but whom on his marriage with 
Lettice, Countess of Essex he repudiated and called his 
" base son." By the Countess of Essex, he had another son, 
Robert, who died very young, and was buried at St. Mary's 
Church, Warwick. A monument to his memory is still in fine 
preservation, near to those of his father and his uncle Ambrose, 
Earl of Warwick, all of whom were buried there. 

Of the daughters of the Duke of Northumberland, two only 
lived to be married, and of these one only left issue, — Mary, 
who married Sir Henry Sidney, and was the mother of Sir 
Philip Sidney. 

Edward, the second Baron Dudley, {seepage 8,) had issue by 
Cecily, daughter of Sir William Willoughby, John who suc- 
ceeded him in 1521 as Baron Dudley, and who becoming in- 
volved in pecuniary diflSculties sold the Sutton interest in the 
Barony of Malpas,**^ and " alienated also his ancient estate of 
Dudley Castle, and is said by Dugdale to have subsisted on 
the charity of his relations, and to have passed from house to 
house, the object of their derision, and was known by the 
name of ' Lord QiuondarrC^'^ 

This John, Lord Dudley, had three brothers, — GeoflFrey, 
Thomas and Arthur. Thomas, the second brother, I presume 
to be the ancestor of the Dudleys of Massachusetts. 

* Edward his father had previously sold five-eighths of the barony of M alpas to 
George Robinson and others. — Bee Ormerod^s History of Chethire, 


The greater portion of the estates of John, " Lord Quon- 
dam," had passed through money lenders to John Dudley, 
Duke of Northumberland, who resided for some time at Dud- 
ley Castle, to which he made considerable additions. On the 
death of the Duke of Northumberland, (1st Mary,) these es- 
tates became forfeited to the crown ; Queen Mary immedi- 
ately restored the Dudley property to the family of the Lords 

John, Lord Dudley, died the same year, and was succeeded 
by his son Edward^ who died 1585, leaving his son Edward his 
successor, and he was the last of the Barons Dudley of the Suir 
^{W family. He died in 1643, and was buried at St. Edmund's 
Church, Dudley. An only son. Sir Ferdinand Dudley, died 
during the lifetime of his father, and the estates descended to 
his daughter Frances^ grand daughter and heir of Edward, the 
last Lord Dudley. She was married to Humble Ward, son of 
William Ward the rich goldsmith, in the reign of Charles I, 
whereupon in 1643 he was created Baron Ward of Birming- 
ham. From these descended the Barons Dudley and Ward, 
Viscounts Dudley and Ward, and Earl Dudley, and the 
present Lord Ward. 

A branch of the Dudleys lived at Yean with, in Cumberland.* 
Thomas Dudley, younger son of Edmund Dudley, and half 
brother of Edward, (second) Baron Dudley, and nephew of 
William, Bishop of Durham, married Grace, daughter and 
co-heir of Sir Launcelot Threlkeld, of Threlkeld, in Co. Cum- 
berland, and had the manor of Yeanwith by his marriage ; he 
died in 1530. Among other issue, he had John Dudley, Lord 
of the Manor of Stoke Newington, near London, married to a 
rich heiress, Elizabeth, daughter of John Gardiner, of Grove 

f See Pedigree C. 


Place, in Co. Bucks. This John Dudley was in high favor 
with Queen Elizabeth ; he died in 1580, and was buried in 
the Church at Stoke Newington, where a handsome monument 
was erected, and is still to be seen in fine preservation.**^ In 
Nichols's Bibliotbeca Topographica Britannica, is a history of 
Stoke Newington, containing the following account : — 

" In the chancel is a handsome monument fixed against the 
south wall, consisting of pillars of different marbles, forming 
two compartments, in one of which kneels a gentleman with 
a helmet behind him, and in the other, facing him, a lady with 
a daughter behind her ; over him is inscribed — 

Obiit 29° Decembris, Anno Domini 1580. 

" The old mansion house was, as such houses everywhere 
usually were, just by the church, a little to the east of it. 

(( 4f 4f ^ * There has indeed long been a tradition current in 
the parish, that the mansion house was the residence of one of 
those two noble Earls, [Warwick and Leicester,] and that in or 
about it the Princess Elizabeth was secreted during the reign 
of her sister Mary ; and the names of two old gentlemen are 
mentioned, both living within these twenty years past, of 
whom one remembered seeing a brick tower, which was pro- 
bably part of the oflBces, or a pleasure house belonging to the 
mansion ; and the other, a respectable inhabitant of the parish, 
positively asserted that a staircase had been in existence, 
which led up to the identical spot where her highness had been 
concealed ; and it is very possible that if she found it necessary 
to keep out of sight during the reign of her sister, her friend 
Lord Leicester, [Lord Robert Dudley,] mightthink this a con- 
venient place at sometimes to secure her in ; a secluded vil- 

* Thomas Dudley, a brother of this John Dudley, was steward to Robert, Earl 
of Leicester. 


lage, yet at a convenient distance from the metropolis, and in 
the house of a younger branch of his family, over whom he 
might have influence, and about which perhaps several private 
recesses might be found. Thus much is certain, that Mr. 
Dudley's lady ' had the honour to be well known to, and to 
have received visits from the Queen, [Elizabeth] in Mr. 
Dudley her first husband's time, in one of which her majesty 
taking a jewel of great value from her hair, made a present 
of it to their daughter Miss Ann Dudley.' Mr. Dudley died, 
as appears above, 29 Dec. 1 580, leaving his widow executrix 
and co-partner in his fortunes with their sole child Anne, born 
12 Feb. 1574-5. About the middle of the year 1582 Mrs. 
Dudley was married to Thomas Sutton, Esq., Master General 
of the Ordnance in the North, and afterwards the celebrated 
founder of the hospital in the Charter House ; and he becom- 
ing hereby possessed of the moiety of this manor, made it his 
country seat, and it continued in his possession till the death 
of his lady, who was buried here in great state, 17 June, 1602. 
He died at his house at Hackney, 12 Dec, 1611, aged 79, 
having by his will bequeathed to the poor of this parish £10, 
and towards the mending of the highways between Islington 
and Newington £26 13«. 4rf. 

" In 1590 Miss Dudley was married to Francis Popham, 
Esq., afterwards Sir Francis Popham, Knight, son and heir to 
Sir John Popham, Chief Justice of Court of King's Bench, 
and upon the death of her mother, I apprehend, all her father's 
interest here devolved by bequest, settlement, or purchase to 
her said husband, who was buried here 15 Aug. 1644." 



Hervius, Man or Tenant to Earl Alan : 
of Richmond,— held Sutton, 14 Will. L 
1079. From whom descended, 

Hervey de Sutton, Lord of Sutton- : 
upon-Trent, Co. Notts. 22 Hen. IL 1175. 

Rowland de Sutton, 3d son of Hervey = Alice, da. of Richard de Lexinton. and 

de Sutton, of Haverham, Co. Notts, 
in 1251. 


sister and co-heir of Robert, Baron Lex- 
inton, and of Hen. Bp. of Lincoln. 
(Rob't d. 4 June, 1250, 34 Hen. HI.) 


William de Sutton, son and heir, b. = Matilda, da. of. 
1217, ob. 1267. I 


Robert de Sutton, son and heir, Lord 
of Warsop. b. 1240. 

Richard de Sutton, of Warsop, son : 
and heir, b. 1265. 

Sir John Sutton, Knt. Lord of the = 
Castle of Dudley, 1326. Living 1 Edw 



Margaret, m. 
Roger Hillary. 

Ist. Catherine, 6a, = 
of ... . living in 

l8t.^2icc,da.of Phi- 
lip le Dispenser, d. 
16 Rich. II, 1392. 

John, (his son,) Lord of Dudley, d. 33 
Edw. ni. 1359. 

= LiLcy, da. of Sir Rowland Bartram, who 
became possessed of all the Bartram Es- 
tates in Lincoln and Nottingham, in 1290. 

: Isabel, da. & h. of Roderic, son of Grif- 
fin, Lord of Shockelach, Cheshire, by 
Beatrix, da. &, coh. of David de Malpas. 

: Margaret, da. of Roger, (who d. 1291,) 
and sister and coh. of John de Somery, 
(who d. 1322,) Baron of Dudley and 
Newport-Pagnel. b. 1290, d. 1384. 

: leabel, da. of John = Richard Dudley, 
de Cherleton, Baron I Knt. her second 
of Powys, ob. 20 | husband. 1359. 
Rich. II, 1396. i 

= John Sutton, (son and heir,) Lord of = 
Dudley, b. 1338. d. 1.381. (Had livery 
of his lands, 35 Edw. HI, 1361. 

: 2d. Margaret, Thomas, 
da. of Roger de 
Mortimer, Baron 
of Wigmore. 

Richard, pre- 
sumed ances- 
tor of the 
Dudleys of 

= John Sutton, (son and heir,) had livery = 
of his father's lands, 6 Ric. U, 1382. Inq. 
post mortem 2 Hen. IV, 1401. 

, I 

John Sutton, son of the above, b. 1379. 

d. 8 Hen. rV. 1407. Inq. post mortem, 

8 Hen. IV. 1407. 

= 2d. Jane, dau. of ... . Held lands in 
dower at the death of her son, 8 Hen. IV, 
1407. Inq. p. m. 10 Hen. IV. 1409. 


= Constance, da. of Sir Walter Thomas 

Blount, Knt. of Barton, Co. Sutton. 

Derb. & Belton, Co. Rutland- 2d son. 

Had grant of the care of her d. s. p. 
son's lands during his minority. 
10 Hen. IV., 1409. She d. 1432. 

John Sutton, (son and heh-,) Baron — Elizabeth Thomas Sutton, = 


(5ce over.) 

Thomas = Elizabeth, da. and coh. of 
Sutton. J Robert Goddard. buried at 
I Terrington Church. 

Elizabetk,=-' Andrew Billesley, 
da. &; h. I Knt. 


JOHN SUTTON, (alias Dudley,; Hon and heir, first Baron Dudlky, b. 
1401. Summoned to Parliament as a Baron by writ, Sfith Sept., 1439.— 18 
Hen. VL, K. G. AsHumed the name of Dudley, d. 1488. Bur. at St. 
JameH'H Church, Dudley. 

Ux. 1. Joyc<!,d& = Edmund Dudley.son & heir = 2d Matilda, wid. of 

of John Tip- 
tofl, Baron Tip- 
toft, and SiHter 
of the E. Wor- 


Ob. vit. pat. Stvled by the 
King " Edmund*Dudley, Es- 
quyer, Dep. Lieut, to our 
Coufiin, John, Erie of Wor- 
ceKter." d. In 1487. 

Sir Thog. Harring- 
ton, Knt. & da. of 
ThoB. Baron de 

Margaret, ra. 
Sir John Lon- 
gueville.of Lit- 
tle Billing, Co. 

Jane, m. ThoH. 
Mainwaring of 

Edward Dud- = Cecily, da. of 

ley, 2nd. Baron 
Dudley, b. 1459, 
d. 1531. Succeed- 
ed hiH grand- 

Sir W. Wil- 
loughby, 2nd 
son of Sir 
ThomaH and 
grandtion of 
Baron W. 

John Dudley, 
of Aston, in 
the WallB. 
Knt. = 

Margaret, m. John 
Butler, of Autou 
In the Walls. 

Joyce, m. Sir 

Ed. Benstead, of 

Bennington, Co. 



m. Sir John 



Jane, m. 

Sir W. 




" r 

Alice, m. 
Sir Juo. 
Knt. * 

John Dudley, = Cecily, da. 
3d. Baron Dud- of Thomas 
ley, b. 1495, d. Grey, 
155i3, (common- Marq. of 
ly called Lord Dorset. 


m. Chas. 
E.of Wor- 
cester, & 
had issue. 

Joyce, m. Sir 

whom Leices- 
ter culls "Cou- 
sin Leigh ton." 


J ohanua, or Jane, 
m. SirTho8.Fien- 
nes, (son & h. of 
Thos. Lord Da- 
cre, who d. 16 
Hen. VIIL) 

Margaret, m. 

John Gray, 

Baron Powis, 

&, 2d. Robert 

Sutton, who 



Catharine, Ux. 1. = JED ward = Jane, Uxor 2,= Mary, Uxor 3,da. of Wm. 

Howard, Baron of Effing- 
ham. She aft'ds m. Rich'd 
Mompesson, and d. 21 
Aug. 1600. Buried at St. 
Margaret's, West'r. 

da. of John 
Brydges, Baron 
Chandos. d. 27 
April, 1566. 

Dudley, 4th 
Baron Dud- 
ley, d. 10 
July, 1585. 

da. of Edw'd 
Stanley, E. of 

Henry Dudley. ■= m. a da. 
Patronized by of Sir 
E. of Leicester. 
Was in the 



Agnes, or Anne, m. 1st. Francis Throckmorton, 

who was attainted in 1584. 
m. 2d. Thomas Wilmer, Esq. 


Edward 'Dndley,=Theodo8ia, 

5th Baron Dud- 
ley, d. 23d June, 
1643. Buried at 
St. Edmund's 
Church, Dudley. 

da. of Sir 
Jas. Har- 
rington, of 

Sir Ferdinando Dud- = Honora, da. of 

ley. Knight of the Bath, 
son and heir. — b. 4 Sept. 
1588. d. 22 Nov., 1621. 
Ob. vit. pat. 

Edw. Seymour. 
Bar. Beau- 

Mary, b. 2 Oct., 
1586. ra. Alex'r, 
Ist E. of Hume, 
in Scotland. 

Anne, m. John Mein- 
hardt Scomberg, and 
had issue — Duke of 
Scomberg, K. G. 

FRANCES Dudley, = Humble Ward, 

Baroness Dudley. 
Grand dau. &, heir 
of Edward, Lord 
Dudley, d. April, 
1697. Bur'd at 
Himley, Stafford- 

created Baron 
Ward, of Bir- 
mingham, in 



Elizabeth, da. of Sir John Berkeley, of Beverston Co. Glouc, Knt, and 
widow of Sir Edw. Cherleton, Baron of Powis, who d. 1420. 

m.Sir Hen. 
of Wood- 
sop, and 
2ud Geo. 



John Dudley, 2nd son, = Elizabeth, 

of Hatherington, Snsscx. da. &. coh. 

Ancestor of the Duke of of Sir John 

Northumberland. Bur. Bramshett. 

at Coll. Ch. of Arundel. D. before 

Will dated 1 Oct. LIOO. her hus- 

(See Pedigree B.) ^»»d- 

Wuliara, 3rd 
son. Bp. of 
Durham, d. 
1483. Buried 
in Westmin- 
ster Abbey. 

Oliver, = Katherine, d.of 

d. 1469. Geo. Nevill, 

Lord Latimer, 
by Eliz da. of 
Rich. Beau- 

champ, E. of 

I Warwick, d. 1493. 


m. to 




Dorothy m.Rich. 
Wrottesley, of 
Wrottesley, Co. 
Stafford, Esq. 




d. 1533. 


'Roheri,= l6t. Elizabeth, d&. George, a 

d. 1539, of Clerk, of 

2nd. Katherine, Aston in 

da. of Robt. the Wall 

Knight, widow of d. 1561. 
David Ireland. 

8. p. 




Co. Cumb. 

d.about 1530. 

== Orace, d. 
&, coh. of 


(See Pedigree C.) 

Catharine, m. 
Sir Geo. 



2. Geoffrey. = Eleanor, da. 

of Sir Gil- ancestor of 

bert Talbot, the Dudleys 

son of E. of of Massa- 

Shrewsburv chusetts. 


(See Pedigree D.) 


3. Thomas, — Margaret Arthur, a 

priest of 
ary of 
Worcester. * 

Thomas Dudley,= Maud, m. Ralfe Josce- Thomas Dudley, Catherine. 

b. 1539, d. 1574. 


lin, of Essex. of Russcls. 

Margaret, m. William 
Guibon, of Little Sutton, 
Co. Warwick. 

: Simon Dickenson, of 
Bradley, Co. Staf- 


John Dudley, of = Elizabeth, da. of 

Compton, Co. Staf- 
ford. Under Trea- 
surer in the Low 
Countries under 
SirThos. Shiriey. 

Thomas Whor- 
wood, of Comp- 

Margaret, b. 1597. 
ra. Sir Miles Ho- 
bart, K. B. 


Whorwood Dudley, 
son and heir. 

* Obtained for him through the intercession of the Duke of Northumberland. 

Note. — b. for ftoni,— <L died, — t lefl isnte, — s. p. sine prole, (without issue,) — Ob. v. p.. Obit vitapatna, 
(died during the life-time of his father.) 







John Dudley, first Baron Dudley, 
(See Pedigree A.) 

Sir John Dudley, 2d son, of Hatherington, 
Sussex, buried at Coll. Ch. of Arundel. 
Will dated Ist Oct., 1600. 

Elizabeth, m. Thos. Ash- Anne, m. to 

burnham, of Bromham, RobH Hall, of 

descended from a family Ore & Gestling, 

of great antiquity. Will Co. Sussex. 
dated 12 April, 1623. \ 

Anna, Uxor. 1,«— Edmund Dudley, (tempe 
sister of Sir An- Hen. VII.) b. 1462. Be- 
drew Windsor. headed 18 Aug. 1610. 

Elizabeth^ m. William, 
Lord Stourton. 



Sir John Dudley, Knt. 
Viscount Lisle, Earl of 
Warwick, and Duke of 
Northumberland, b. 1602, 
beheaded 22dAug. 166S. 

Henrt Dud-» 
ley, Knt. 
b. 1625. 
Killed at the 
Battle of 
1544. ^tatis 
19. — ob. s. p. 

da. of Rich- 
ard, Lord 
Rich. She 
m. Roger, 
Lord North. 

Thomas, d. John, Visc't^^nwe, (m. 8d June, Ambrose, 

^tatis 2. Lisle and E. 1549,) da. of Ed ward b. in 1531, 

of Warwick, Seymour, Duke of created 

b. 1.530, d. Somerset, aftMs m. Viscount 

to Sir Edward Un- Lisle and 

ton, KnH Bath, of E. of War- 

Wadley, Oxon, 3d wick, (4 

May, 1566, by whom Eliz.)K.G. 

she had 6 sons and 2 ob. 1589. 
daughters. s. p. 

{See Pedigree E.) 

1664,28 Oct. 
^tatis 24, 
8. p. 

„ I I 

GuiLPORD, — Jane Grey^ da. of Henry, killed at ' 

mM May, Henrv Grey, D. of battle of St. 

1658. Be- Suflfoik. Quintin, 4 May, 

headed 1553. 166*7. — ob. s. p. 
8. p. 

- Margaret^ da. and sole Carolus, 
h. ofTho's. Lord Aud- ob. -^t. 8 
ley, afterwards m. to 
Thos. Howard, Duke of 
Norfolk, who was be- 
headed in 15'72. She d. 



Elizabeth^ da. of Sir John Berkeley. 
{See Pedigree A.) 

Elizabeth^ da. and co-heir of Sir Thomas 
[? John] Brarashett, Co. Sussex, died 
before her husband. 

Elizabeth^ Uxor. 2, da. of ^ 
Edward Grey, Viscount 
Lisle. The Viscountcy of 
Lisle expired in the Grey 
Family, in 1512. 

sArthur Plautagenet, = 
created Viscount Lisle, 
18 Hen. VIII. Gov. of 
Calais. — d. in the Tower, 
Mar. 1541. 

'Honoray da. 
of Sir Thomas 
Grenville and 
widow of Sir 
John Basset, 
who d. 1528. 

John, Pktkr, 

orPeryp. (Named 
in his father^s 
will, 1500, as 
younger son.) 

Bridget^ m. Sir Francen^ m. 1st, John Basset, Elizabeth^ m. Sir Francis Jobson, 
Wm. Carden. 2nd Thos. Monk . Lieut, of the Tower and Master of 

the Jewel Office to Q. Elizabeth. 

*j^* Half-sinters of John Dudley ^ Duke of Northumberland. 

Jane, da. and h. of Sir Andrew, (Sir) Dudley, Jerom, 
Edward Guilford of K. G. or Gerom. 

Kent, b. 1604, d. 22 (? Imbecile.) 

Jan., ^555. Buried at 
Chelsea Church. 


Uxor 1. Anne^ da. of 
William Whorwood, 
Esq., Attorney Gene- 
ral to Hen. Vill 
Uxor 2, Elizabeth, 
da. of Gilbert, Lord 
Talbot. Widow of 
Tho. Wimbishe. 
Uxor S, Anna, da. 
of Francis Russell, E. 
of Bedford, who d. 
9 Feb. 1603. 

Robert, b. 24 June,= 
1533, Baron Denbigh* 
created Earl of Lei- 
cester in 1564, K. G. 
d. 4 Sept. 1588. 
Bur. Col. Oh. War- 

»Ux. 1, Amye Robsart. > 
'Uxor 2, Douglas How- 
ard, Lady Sheffield, 
(sister of Edward, 
Lord Dudley's 8d 

=Uxor 3, Lettice, Sept. 
1578, da. of Francis 
Knolles, Knt., & wid. 
of Walter, E. of Es- 
sex, who d. 22 Sept., 
1576. She aft'ds m. 
Sir Christopher Blount 
and d. 25. Dec. 1634. 

Sir Robert Dudley,- 
b. 1572, Created a 
Duke by Ferdinand 
II, Emp'r of Ger- 
many, d. Sept. 1639. 
*^* Left issue ' 
by both mves. 


= Alice, da. of Sir Robert, Baron Den- 
Thomas Leigh, Co. bigh, d. at Wan- 
Warwick. Created stead, 19 July, 1584. 
Duchess Dudley by -^tat 6. Bur'd at 
Chas. 1. * Coll. Ch.. Warwick. 

=2nd, Elizabeth, da. 
ofSirRob't South- 


Mary^ d. » 
Aug. 1586. 

> Sir Henry 
K. G. who 
d. 5 May, 

ob. Mi. 4. 


Catherine, Temperantia, 
ob. ^t. 7. ob. ^t. 1. 

Ca(^rtMc,»=»Henry Hast- 

d. 14 Aug. ings, 3d E. 

1620. of Hunting- 

s. p. ton, K. G., d. 

14 Dec. 1596 


Sir Philip Sydney, 
b. 29 Nov. 1564, 
d. 17 Oct. 1586. 

Frances, da. of Sir «= Afterwards m. to 
Francis Walsing- Robert Deyereux, 
ham, in 1583. 2nd. Earl of Essex. 



—OF THB — 



Thomas Dudley, younger son of Edmund Dudley, 
and half brother of Edward, 2d. Lord Dudley. 
(Had the Manor of Yeanwith by his marriage.) 
D. about 1580. 

Richard Dudley, « 

of Yeanwith, son 

and Heir. 

Doro^Ay, da. of Ed- John Dudley, of Stoke— -£7i2a6e^A, da. of John 

mund (or Edward,) Newington, nearLon- 
Sandford, of Askham. don. D. 29 Dec. 1580, 

buried there, & mon- 
ument in Newington 

Gardiner, of Grove, 
Co. Bucks. Aft'wds 
m. to Thomas Sutton, 
of Charterhouse. 

Anne^ m. Sir Francis Pophara, Knt. 
and had 5 sons and 8 daughters. 


» Catherine^ da. & coh. 
of Cuthbert Hoton, 
of Hoton. 


Robert, Alderman of Elizabeth. 
Newcastle upon Tyne. 
Qy. d. at St. Marga- 
rets, Westm. 1576. 



Jane. Johanna. 

a Priest. 

Thomas, - 
his father. 



s. p. 

■ ... da. of Middle- 
ton, of Carlisle. 


John, = 


' Frances, illegitimate da. of Sir 
Christopher Pickering, who after- 
wards m. Cyprian Hilton, of Bur- 
ton, Esq. He d. prior to 1652. 

Christopher, = 1st. Elizabeth^ da. of Bp.= 2nd. Agnes, da. of Dan'l 
b. 1607, d. ■ _ --- 

about 1650. 


« * 

Fleming, of Skirwitli, Co. 
Cumberland, Gent. 

J/ary, died young. 

* * Having no issue surviving, Christopher Dudley sold the Manor of Yeanwith, and Eamont Bridge, 
to Sir John Lowther, Bart., about 1654, in whose posterity it continued in 1777. {Nicholson if Bums' 
Hist, of Cumberland.) 

*4i* The arms of this ttranch of the Dudleys arc the same as the Sutton-Dudlets, but with the ad- 
dition of a Crescent. 



Graee^ da. and coh. of Lancelot Threlkeld, or 
Thirlkeld, Knt. of Threlkeld, Cumb.* 

Thomas Dudley, 
Steward to Rob't 
Dudley, E. of 
Leicester. D. 1593. 

Xwcy, B= Albany 

Co. Cumb. 

A Son, 
who d. 1626. 

Winifredy m. to 
Anthony Blenco, 
of Blenco. 


Elizabeth^ m. to 
John Allen, of 
Thackatead, Co. 


Anne. Grace. Elencora. 



I I I I I I 

Dorothy y m. Bernard Mary^ m. Thos. Fcr- Four other 

Kirkbride, of EUer- rand, of Carlton in Daughters, 

ton, who d. in 1 622. Craven, Yorkshire. 



* 6 Hen. VL The Manor of Yanwith (formerly Yanewith or Eanwath,) belonged to Sir Lancelot 
Threlkeld, of Threlkeld, Co. Cumberland, who died without issue male, but leaving three daughters co- 
heirs. — Grace, married Thomas Dudley, of a younger branch of the family of Dudleys in the South, and 
with her he had the manor of Yanwith. (Nicholson if Burns' Hist, of Cumberland.) 








JOHN SUTTO.v, (uliaH Dudley,) let Baron Dudley 
who tiH8uraed the name of Dudley. Summoned to 
I'tirliameiit a»i a Baron by writ, 2(i Sept. 1439. 
I». 1401, (L 1488. 

1. Joyce, da. of John, Baron Tiptoft, 
and siHter of the Earl of Worcester. 

Edmund Dudley, 
(ob, vit. pat.) 

Edward, 2nd Baron 
Dudley, succeeded 
his grandfather, b. 
1459, d. 1531. 

; Cecily, da. of Sir "Williain 

2. Matilda, da. of Thomas Baron de Clif- 
ford, and widow of Sir Thomas Harrington. 

Thomas Dudley,= Cfrace, dau. of 

of Yeanwith, Co. 
Cumberland, d. 
about l.'i.30. 

Sir Launcelot 

John, 3rd Baron. 
Commonly known 
as " Lor^ Quon- 
dam." b. 1495, d. 

Cecily, da . of Thos. Grey, 
Marq. of Dorset. 


d. 1551. 

Thomas Dudley, = Margaret. 
d.1549. Buried at 
St. Michaels, Corn- 
hill. 3rd son of 2nd 
Lord Dudley. 

John Dudley, 
of Stoke New- 
ington. d. 1580. 



Edward, 4th Baron, = Jane, dau. of Edw'd JOHN Dudley, = Elizabeth, — RICHARD 
d. 1585. - - 

Stauh'v, E. of Der- ob. v. p., 1545. 

by. 2ml wife. Buried at St. 


dau. of 



Hatton. 2d 
d. 1503. 

Elizabeth Hatton, 
b. 1548.— d, 1563. 

Edward, 5th Baron, 
d. 1643. 

Theodosia, dau. of 
Sir James Har- 


Edward. Margaret. Katherine. Agues. = Barnard 

d. 1542. d. prior to d. 1563, un- i Garter. 

1545. iiiarried. 


Perdinando Dudley. 
Knight of the Bath. ob. 
V. p., 1621. 

Honora, dau. of Edward, 
Baron Beanchamp. 

Thomas Dudley, 
Gov'r of Massa- 
chusetts, b. 1576. 
d, 1653. 

l«t. Dorothy. 

d. 1643. 
2nd. Catherine, 
d. 1671. 

Frances, Baroness of = Humble Ward. 

Dudley, grand-daugh- Created Baron 

ter and heir of Ed- Ward of Binmng- 

ward. Lord Dudley. ham. 




Elitiibeth, daughter of Sir John Berkeley, 
of Beveraton, and widow of Edward. 
Lord Powis. 

Sir John Dudley, 2nd eon. 
d. about 1500, of Hathering- 
ton, Sussex. Bur'd at Col. 
Ch. of Arundel. 

Elizabah, da. and coh. of Sir Thomati 
Bramshet d. before her husband. 

William, 3rd son. Bishop of 
Durham, d. 1483. Bur'd in 
Westminster Abbey. 


1. Anne, sister of Sir = Edmund Dudley, : 
Andrew Windsor. | (tpe. Hen. VII.) 

b. 1462.— Beheaded 



2. Elizabeth, dau. of Visct Grey. 
Afterwards married Arthur Plan- 

Elizabeth, da. of John 
Gardiner. Afterwards 
married Tho's Sutton, 
of Charter House. 

Thomas Dudley, 
Steward to Robert 
Dudley, Earl of 


John Dudley, Duke = Jaw*, dau. of Sir 
of Northumberland, I Edw'd Guilford, 
b. 1502, beheaded I b. 1504, d. 1555. 

John, 3d son, = Anne Seymour. 

V. Lisle, and ,„ „ .. ». 
E. of War- (iiee Pedigree B.) 

wick. b. 1530. 
d. 1554. 
«. p. 

: Sir Edward 
Unton, K. B. 
of Wadley, 
3 May, 1555. 
d. 1582. 


4th son. 

Earl of 


b. 1531. 

d. im9. 


5th son. 

Earl of 


b. 1.5.^-?. 

d. 1588. 

6th son. m. 
Lady Jane 
Grey. Be- 

Mary, eldest 
daughter, m. 
Sir Henry 
Sydney, and 
was mother 
to Sir Philip 
d. 1586. 




KOOKR. — [? Purefey] Francis, 

under age 
in 1563. 


Richard, d. Aug. 20, 
1603. Bur'd at St. Dun- 
titan's in the West. 

Dorothv. Bapt'd Mar. 31. 
1603, at St. Dunstan's in 
the West, Lond. 

Anne, = Sir Valentine Knightley, 
I d. at Wadley, 1618. 

Mary, = Geo. Purefoy, of Wadley 
b. 1586. d. 18 I and of Drayton, Co. Leic. 
April. 1617. j_d. 1628. 

Gko. Purefoy, of Drayton, 
Co. Leicester, d. 1661. bur'd at 


Geo. Purefoy, of fVitidley, Co. 
Oxon, left to him by hia grand- 
father, d. 1670. 


Sir Henry, of Wadley, created 
a Baronet d. unmarried in 
1686. Title extinct. 

For Purefoys, see also Pedigree E. 




7. HIiADglifS NAME <aock tettets) 




" Rg ' 

* -* -^ 










I I I 


Oh. vit. pat. 

Edward, Col— 1. Dorothy^ da. of 

Sir Rich. Knightley. 
2. Katharine^ da. of 
Sir Geo. Hastings. 

Richard. Elizahethy — Sir Oliver Lake, 
d. 8. p. b. 1580. 

m. 1599. 

Anne, widow of John, Earl of 
Warwick, third son of John 
Dudley, Duke of Northumber- 

{See Pedigree B.) 

Hkxry, Sir, =— Dorothy y da. of 
Knighted Sir Thomas 

Wrought on. 
m. 2dly Sir Geo. 
Shirley, who d. 
1622. Shed. 1634. 

by the E. 
of Leicester, 
d. 1596. 

s. p. 

Anne^ = Rich. Chetwode, Esq. 
b. 1582. 
m. IftOl. 


Michael Purefoy, of Caldecote, second son of Thomas 
Purefoy of Drayton, d. 21 July, 1570. ^t. 14. 

1. William- 

Purefoy, of 


d. l.Sept., 

1615. ^t.88 

— Catherine^ 

2. JOHN,= 

= Isabella^ 

3. Humphrey, = 

= Alice^ da. 


4. Tmomai - 

da. of Sir 

1601, of 

da. of 

of Barwell. 


Wm. Wig- 



d. 1598. 

Faunt, of 

ston of 









William Purefoy, — Jane, 3d da. of Edwd. 

2nd son of Wm. of 
Caldecote, M. P. 
for Coventry, 1625. 
d. 27 April, 1634. 
bur*d at Dravton. 

Purefoy, of Drayton, 
married 23 Jan. i611, 
at St. Dunstnn's in the 
West, London, d. 31 

Aug. 1636. 

Michael, only child, 
b. 1607, living in 1619. 

I I I I I I I I I 

5 other Sons and 5 daughters. 

Dorothy y m. Robt. Gregory, of Baroden, Rutland. 

Magdaleriy m. Anthony Grey, Rector of Burbach, 
afterwards Earl of Kent. 

Maria^ m. John Bellers of Henley, Warwick. 

Elizahethy m. Wilson Beresford, Stately, Warwick. 

Another daughter, (not named.) 



Sir Edward Unton, K. B., 
of Wadley, Co. Oxon, 3 
May, 1555. He d. 1582. 

Anney — Sir Valentine Knightley, 

who d. atWadley, 1618. 

d. 1618. 

1. John Wentworth, Esq. 

2. Sir Edw. Hoby. 

b. 1586. 
d. 18 

Geo. Purefoy, of Wadiey and of Drayton, 
Co. Leicest. d. 1628. 

Gko. Purefoy, of Drayton, «— 
Co, Leicest. d. 1661. burM 
at Dravton. 

Gko. Purefoy, of Wadiey, « 
Co. Oxon, left to him by his 
grandfather, d. 1670. 

Henry, (Sir) of Wadiey, created a Baronet and d. unmarried in 1686. 

(7V7/e extinct.) 


JoycBy da. and coh, of John Hardwick, of Lindlev. 
d. 6 Mar. 1585. Mi. 75. 

^ I I 

Elizahethy 5. George, ^^'Jane^ da. 6. Arthur, 

ia.ofRobt. purchased 
Bradshaw. Wolvershill 

of Mich. living in 

Davenport. 1601. 

Elizabethy 7. Margery, m. Salisbury of 
da. of Uliesthorpe. 

Langham. g Francea, m. John Sraal- 
ley, of Carleton Curlieu. 

9. Dorothy y m. 1st. Michael 

Bradshaw,of Morebarne. 

2nd. NicoLS, of 


10. Jane^ ra. Christopher 
Wright, of Hoppesford, 
Co. Warwick. 

11. Catherine, m. Thomas 
Wightman of Burbach. 
Living in 1601. 




7 The coat of arms of the Sutton family was con- 
tinued by that brancli descended from Sir Robert 
Sutton, second son of Rowland Sutton, by Alice, 
sister and co-heir of Robert Lord Lexington and 
of Henry Bishop of Lincoln. This Robert liad the lordship or 
manor of Averhara given to him by his nephew Robert Sut- 
ton, who married Lucy, daugliter of Sir Rowland Bartram, 
and through whom he became possessed of the Bartram 
estates in Lincolnshire and Nottinghamshire in the year 1290. 
The Suttons of the present day continue the same coat of 

It is very evident that the arms adopted by the 
Sutton-Dudleys, at the time of the marriage of the 
above named Robert Sutton and Lucy Bartram, 
were those of the B artr am iii\m\\, Richard Sut- 
ton, their son and heir, used these arms.* 

These were or. lion rampant vert, with single tail. The 
double tail of the Sutton-Dudleys was the only addition or al- 
teration from the Bartram arms, but the exact period when 
the latter was added is not shown. 

" A Lyon havinge a double tayle, signifieth that his force is 
dowbled, for that he hath a greate strengthe in his tayle."t 

* In Visitation of Nottinghamshire. Harl. MSS., 1566. 
f Significations Arniorialc, in Harl. MSS., vol. 1042. 









In which Cotton Mather's " More Particular Accounf of 
Governor Dudley is brought to light. 

Several attempts have been made at different 
periods to trace the ancestry of the Dudleys of 
Massachusetts, two of whom were successively 
Governors in the early settlement of that colony, 
but hitherto very little light has been thrown on the subject. 

The only information that has been handed down to us of 
this family is simply that Governor Thomas Dudley was the 
only son of Captain Roger Dudley, who was killed in the 
wars; and for this we are indebted to Cotton Mather, who says — 
" He was born at the town of Northampton, in the year 
1574,^ the only son of Captain Roger Dudley, who being 
slain in the wars, left this, our Thomas, with his only sister, 
for the Father of the Orphans to take them up.f That he was 
brought up in the family of the Earl of Northampton, and af- 
terwards became a clerk to his matiernal kinsman Judge Nich- 
ols, and thus obtained some knowledge of the law, which 
proved of great service to him in his subsequent life. At the 
age of twenty he received a captain's commission from Queen 
Elizabeth and commanded a company of volunteers under 

* This is an error — he was born in 1576. f Mather^s Magnalia. fiook II, p. 16. 


Hen. IV. of France, at the siege of Amiens in 1597. On the 
conclusion of peace the next year he returned to England and 
settled near Northampton, where he was in the neighbourhood 
of Dod, Hildersham, and other eminent Puritan divines, and 
became himself a nonconformist. After this he was for nine 
or ten years steward to Theophilus the young Earl of Lincoln, 
who succeeded to his father's title 15 Jan. 1619. But be- 
coming desirous of a more retired life he retired to Boston, in 
Lincolnshire, where he enjoyed the acquaintance and ministry 
of the Rev. John Cotton. He was afterwards prevailed upon 
by the Earl of Lincoln to resume his place in his family, where 
he continued till the storm of persecution led him to join the 
company that were meditating a removal to New England. 
He was one of the signere of the agreement at Cambridge, 29 
Aug. 1629, and we find him present for the first time at the 
Company's Courts on the 16th of October."^ 

Mather says "he settled ahout Northampton, and married 
a lady whose extract and estate were considerable." 

The indefatigable Cotton Mather in speaking of Governor 
Dudley, says, " 1 had prepared and intended a more particular 
account of this gentleman, but not having any opportunity to 
commit it unto the perusal of any descended from him, (unto 
whom I am told it will be unacceptable for me to publish 
anything of this kind by them not perused,) I have laid it 
aside and summed up all in this more general account."f 

Search had frequently been made in every direction to 
discover this " more particular account," but without success, 
till some short time since Mr. J. Wingate Thornton, of Boston, 
among the Dudley papers in the possession of the family, 
found a MS. purporting to be a " Life of Mr. Thomas Dud- 
ley." evidently written during the lifetime of Governor Joseph 

* See Young's Chronicles of Massachusetts, f Mather's Magnalia. 

OF MAS8AC11U8K'1TS. 23 

Dudley. Having had permission from Mr. Thornton to take a 
copy of this MS. I was recently induced to examine it more 
closely and to compare it with the printed statement in the 
Magnalia, when I discovered, upon a careful perusal and exami- 
nation, that this must be the identical ^^ more particular acoounC^ 
written and prepared by Cotton Mather ; and, as this has never 
been published, I now submit it. If the reader will com- 
pai e it with Cotton Mather's statement, in his Magnalia, bk. II, 
pp. 15 to 17, he will, I think, readily come to the same con- 
clusion. For instance: — In the first line of both statements 
the same error occurs in the date, 1574 instead of 1576 ; and 
this is rendered the more singular by the fact that at the end 
of each statement his death is given "31«^ of July ^ 1653," in 
tlie " seventy-seventh year of his ageP He was " slain in the 
wars^'^ occure in both statements. " For the Father of the 
Orphans to take them up^'* — " God took him up^^ — " To learn 
the points of good hehavioxvrT And in speaking of Judge 
Nichols, " who heing his kinsman hy the mother^ s side took 
the more special notice of him,^'^ appeal's in both statements. 
" To do something at the sword^for heing a yoimg gentleman 
well known^^ Again, " The young sparks ahmd Northamp- 
ton were none of them willing to enter i7ito the service imtil a 
commission was given to our young Dudley to he their captain^ 
am,d thus presently there were four-score that listed under him?^ 
Throughout the narrative are the same or very similar 
expressions. The identical words and phrases, frequently oc- 
curring in botli statements, conclusively show that both were 
written by the same person, and that this MS. is the long 
lost statement prepared by Mather.^ It was probably written 
about the year 1683. 

* The sentences in italic show the identity with the printed statement in the 






" Mr. Dudley was born in the town of Northampton, in the year 
1574.* His father was Capt. Roger Dudley, who was slain in the 
wars, when this, his son, and one only daughter were very young, 
but he might say in his experience that when he was forsaken of 
father and mother, then God took him up and stirred up some friends 
that took special charge of him even in his childhood. 'Twas said 
that there was five hundred pounds left for him in an unknown hand, 
which was not so long concealed but that it came to light in due time 
and was seasonably delivered into his own hands after he came to 
man's estate ; but before that time he passed through many changes 
wherein he found the goodness of God, both in way of protection 
and in preservation, by all which experiences he was the better pre- 
pared for such eminent services for the Church of God which he was 
in after time called unto. In his minority and childhood it pleased 
God to move the heart of one Mrs. Puefroy,f a gentlewoman famed 
in the parts about Northampton for wisdom, piety and works of 
charity ; by her care he was trained up in some Latin school, wherein 
he learned the rudiments of his grammar, which he improved after- 

* Error, should be 1676. 

f The Puefroys or Purefoys, were connected by marriage with the Dudley 
tamily. — See Pedigrees B and D, 


wards by his own industry to considerable advantage, so as he was 
able even at his age to understand any Latin author as well as the 
best clerk in the country that had been continually kept to study, 
which made it the more remarkable in the observation of some mi- 
nisters, (in whose hearing he was sometimes occasioned to find some 
thing out of a Latin book,) who, by his false pronunciation altered, 
he did not understand what he read, but upon further search and en- 
quiry they found that he understood the language as well as them- 
selves, although for want of school literature he missed the true pro- 
nunciation according to the rules of grammar to which children are 
exactly held at school, and probably after the decease of his parents 
he had not the opportunity of that advantage, so long as many chil- 
dren under their parents' wings had, to enjoy it ; but so soon as ever 
he had passed his childhood he was, by those that stood his best friends, 
preferred to be a page to the Earl of Northampton, under whom he 
had opportunity to learn courtship and whatever belonged to civility 
and good behaviour ; with that Earl he tarried till he was ripe for 
higher services and then was taken by Judge Nichols to be his clerk, 
who being his kinsman also, by the mother* s side^ took more special no- 
tice of him, and from his being a prompt young man he learned much 
skill in the law, and attained to such ability as rendered him capable 
of performing a secretary's place, for he was known to have a very good 
pen, to draw up any writing in succinct and apt expression, which so 
far commended him to the favour of the judge that he would never 
have assigned him from his service, but have preferred him to some 
more eminent and profitable employment under him, but that he was 
prevented by death to put in execution what he had designed for his fiir- 
ther promotion ; but by this time he had attained to so much skill 
as to know how to live in the world and undertake business of con- 
siderable moment, as was well known afterwards when it came to the 
trial ; but before any opportunity of that nature fell out, which called 
him to put in practice what he had learned, or was able to do by his 
pen, he was called to attempt something by his sword, for being a 



young gentleman well known in and about Northampton for his wit, 
metal and spirit, when once there came down a press from the Queen 
for the raising of soldiers to go over into France, in the time of the 
civil wars in Henry the Fourth's days, the young lads about North- 
ampton were none of them willing to enter into the service till a com- 
mission was sent down to this young gallant to he their captain, and 
presently there were four-score that were willing to list themselves un- 
der him as their captain; with these he was sent over into France, 
which being at that time an academy of arms as well as of arts, he had 
an opportunity to furnish himself with such military skill as fitted 
him to command in the field as well as on the bench. The services 
that he and his company were put upon in France was to help 
Amiens, before which city the King at that time lay, but Providence 
ordered it that when both parties were drawn into the field, by some 
interposition or other a treaty of peace prevailed, which prevented en- 
gaging in any battle for that time, whereupon young Captain Dudley 
perceiving that the King of France was persuaded to put up his 
sword, and that the end of his service was obtained without shed- 
ding of blood, he returned back into England, having in this ex- 
pedition learned so much skill and experience in military affairs as 
might enable him the better to manage designs of that nature, if he 
was ever like to be called thereunto. 

" After his return into England he settled again about Northampton, 
and there meeting with a gentlewoman both of good estate and good 
extraction, he entered into marriage with her, and then took up his 
habitation for some time in that part of the country where he enjoyed 
the ministry of Mr. Dodd, Mr. Cleaver, and one Mr. Winston, who 
was a very solid and judicious divine as any thereabouts, though he 
never published anything in print as some others did. By the ministry 
of those men, as likewise of Mr. Hildersham, a man famously known 
all over England by his writings, it pleased the Almighty to season 
this Mr. Dudley's heart with the saving knowledge of the truth, so as 
ever after he became a serious Christian, a great lover of religion, and 


follower of those ministers that either preached, professed or prac- 
tised it ; and those ministers before named, of whom he was a con- 
stant hearer, being such as were then called puritans or non-conform- 
ists. Mr. Dudley was himself also moulded into the knowledge and 
persuasion of that way, so as he became a zealous asserter thereof, 
but yet so as they were only sober orthodox divines and Christians 
that he chose always to comfort himself with, for there was no man 
that more hated fanatics and wild opinionists than he did, notwithstand- 
ing he was so strenuous an oppugner of conformity and the ceremonies 
of the Church of England^ of which this following story may be a 
sufficient evidence. 

" As he was once riding up to London, out of Northamptonshire or 
Lincolnshire, that lyes more northward from London, he chanced to 
meet with a gentleman upon the road, with whom he fell into dis- 
course as they rode along. This gentleman was in a little time 
ready to open his mind to Mr. Dudley, and being free of speech, in- 
timated his dislike of conformity, and telling him that it was part or 
the principal end of his going to London to move the council table 
for more liberty of conscience and freedom from the imposition of 
their ceremonies. Mr. Dudley was so well affected toward those 
things that he preferred time when he came to London to bear 
him company, whither he bent upon that design, and that he would 
to the utmost of his power stand by him, to bring about any motion 
of that nature. The remains of their travelling together that day 
was wholly taken up with discourse of that nature, till they came to 
the inn where they minded to lodge at night, and that they might be 
better acquainted together, Mr. Dudley was willing to lodge with 
him in the same chamber, although not in the same bed, because he 
was utterly a stranger to him, saving what acquaintance he might 
have acquired in the way, and so they spent the evening in amicable 
and religious discourse till bed time, when they took leave of each 
other ; but after their first sleep and past the middle of the night, 
this strange gentleman being hot headed and full of wild notions, 


with which his brain was so much over-heated, that indisposed him 
to sleep ; this occasioned him to call out to Mr. Dudley to see if he 
were awake, and finding that he either was or was willing to appear 
so to gratify this his new friend, he personally entered upon strange 
and sublime fancies to the amazement of Mr. Dudley, telling 
him that he was once persuaded that he himself was the Messiah. 
" How !" quoth Mr. Dudley, like one afFrightened, " what mean you 
by that ?" I say, quoth he, I did once really conceit myself to be 
the Messiah that was to come into the world ; and I do now still think 
that J am the King of Jerusalem : at which words Mr. Dudley was so 
astonished, that he immediately with the bed staff knocked for the 
chamberlain to carry him into another chamber and prepare him 
another bed, for, says he, here is one says he is a King of Jerusalem, 
and I do not know but before morning he may, like John of Leyden, 
take me for one of the enemies of his kingdom, and endeavor to as- 
sassinate me in my bed, as he did some of his followers ; and there- 
fore resolved to abide no longer with him in the same room ; as was 
said of John the Evangelist, that " he would not tarry in the same 
bath in which was Coricular, the apostate and grand heretic." They 
that love the Lord must of necessity hate evil ; and they that love 
his truth cannot but hate error that is contrary thereunto. By this 
first specimen of his zeal Mr. Dudley was the better prepared to en- 
counter with the enemies of the truth in after time. By these and 
such like discoveries of his eminent worth and ability Mr. Dudley 
began to be well known in those places where his abode was, and by 
being a follower of Mr. Dod, he came into the knowledge of the 
Lord Say and Lord Compton, and other persons of quality^ by whose 
means he was afterwards commended to the service of the Earl ofLin- 
coin, who was then a young man and newly come into the possession of 
that Earldom, with the lands and hereditaments that belonged thereunto. 
The grandfather of this present Earl was called Henry, who being a 
bad husband had left his heirs under great entanglements, and his son, 
named Thomas, had never been able to wind out of that labyrinth of 


debts contracted by his father, so that all the difficulties were now de- 
volved upon Theophilus, the grand-child, who was persuaded therefore 
to entertain Mr. Dudley as his Steward to manage his whole estate, 
who though it was so involved with many great debts, amounting to 
near twenty thousand pounds, yet his prudent, careful and faithful man- 
agement of the affairs of that family, he in a few years found means 
to discharge all those great debts, wherein the young Earl was so in- 
gulphed, that he saw little hope of ever wading through them all ; but 
with God's blessing on Mr. Dudley's pains and industry, he was soon 
freed of them. And another great and good service he did that family 
by procuring a match between the daughter of the L#ord Say and 
this Theophilus, Earl of Lincoln, who was so wise, virtuous and every 
way so well an accomplished lady, that she proved a great blessing 
to the whole family. While Mr. Dudley was employed in this ser- 
vice under the Earl of Lincoln there was a notable accident fell out 
which discovered his eminent piety and prudence also, whereby he 
showed himself both zealous for the honour of God and the purity of 
his worship, as well as politic to evade the subtle contrivance of pro- 
fane persons that intended to have brought him into a snare in some 
bargains that was made about the sale of some lands or parke, or 
some appurtanances thereof, by the injurious drawing of the writings 
that concerned the payment of the money, the day assigned thereunto 
happened to fall out upon the Lord's day ; now two Knights that were 
to make payment thereof, coming to understand how the day fell out 
and hearing that Mr. Dudley (the Earl's steward) was noted to be a 
strict Puritan, (with whom it was not usual to meddle with secular 
affairs, such as was telling of money, giving receipts, discharges, &;c.,) 
resolved to try Mr. Dudley's conscience, whether he could or not dis- 
pense therewith in an exigent of a great sum of money, and to the 
end they determined to come to the Earl's house on the Lord's day 
morning, bringing the money along with them ; Mr. Dudley perceiv- 
ing their intent, and foreseeing the inconvenience which might follow 
if the money proffered should be refused, Mr. Dudley therefore found 


out a device to be even with them and yet not wrong his conscience 
in breaking the Sabbath; for be told the Kr/ights that if they would 
needs pay the money that day and no other, they might tell it out if 
they would, (which was their sin and not his,) and, saith he, I will wait 
upon my lord to the church, and then come back and wait upon your- 
selves. So carrying them into the great hall he directed them to lay 
their money upon the table, and tell it over, if they pleased ; which 
being done, by that time he came back from the church door, after 
his attendance upon his lord, and then finding the money ready told 
upon the table, he caused some that were about him to turn the money 
immediately into a great iron-bound chest that stood at the end of the 
table, which having a spring lock the lid fell down and locked of 
itself. Now, says Mr, Dudley, I must return to the church to hear 
Dr. Preston, (who then preached before the Earl) and for your money 
I will take your tale of it, and never trouble myself at this time to tell 
it over again, or if that like you not, here is the key of the chest which 
you may keep for your security, if you please, till the next day 
when we shall have more leisure to discuss those points. The Knights 
perceiving how handsomely they were caught, forthwith went with 
him to the church ; and the next day one of them gave him fifty 
pieces that he would not make them a country talk for this business' 
sake. Sometimes the wise are taken in their own craft. Bv this in- 
stance it may appear that Mr. Dudley was not fit for such designs, 
and the Earl finding him so to be, would never after his acquaintance 
with him do any business of moment, without Mr. Dudley'^ s counsel or 
advice. Some of those that overlooked his manuscripts found such an 
expression as this, not long after he left the Earl's family : I found 
the estate of the £arl of Lincoln so much in debt, which I have dis- 
charged, and have raised the rents so many hundreds per annum, God 
will, I trust, bless me and mine in such a manner as Nehemiah some- 
tim£s did^ appealing unto the judgment of Ood, that knew the hearts of 
all men, that he had walked in the integrity of his heart before God, 
to the full discharge of the duty of his place. Toward the latter end 


of King James's reign, when there was a press for soldiers to go over 
into Germany with Count Mansfelt, for the recovery of the Palatinate ; 
when the matter was first motioned, the Earl of Lincoln, (who was 
zealously affected toward the Protestant interest.) was strongly inclined 
to have gone over with the said Earl or Count, and should have been 
a Colonel in the expedition, yet resolving not to go without Mr. Dud- 
ley's advice and company, and therefore he sent down to Boston, in 
Lincolnshire, where Mr. Dudley then sojourned, to come forthwith to 
London, to order matters for this enterprise, and to be ready to ac- 
company him therein. Mr. Dudley knew not how to refuse to wait 
upon his lordship, yet thought it best, as well for himself as for the 
Earl, to take the best counsel he could in a concern of so high a 
nature, not being unmindful of what Solomon said, " with good ad- 
vice make war ;" therefore he resolved with himself in his passing up 
to London, to take Cambridge in his way, that he might advise with 
Dr. Preston about the design, (who was a great statesman as well as 
a great divine, at least was conceived very well to understand the 
intrigues of the state in that juncture,) and he altogether dissuaded 
Mr. Dudley, or the Earl, from having anything to do in that expe- 
dition, laying before them the grounds of his apprehensions, on which 
he foresaw the sad events of the whole, as did really soon after come to 
ptiss. Dr. Preston, by reason of his frequent intercourse with the 
Earl of Lincoln's family, was free to discover to Mr. Dudley all that 
he knew, and he improved it thoroughly to take off the Earl's mind 
from the enterprise ; although he was so far engaged therein as having 
kept a whole troop of horse upon that account, and one brave horse 
for himself, valued at four-score or a hundred pieces, although he was 
above twenty years old when he was sent away ; 'tis pity he had not 
been better employed, so as he might have answered the expectations 
of his lord and owner. 

At another time, when the Earl of Lincoln (who it seems was wont 
to be very quick in his notions sometimes,) understood that there was 
like to be a brave fight at the Hague, in Holland, by reason of an in- 


terview of some great princes that were then to be present It was 
but five days from the time when the Earl had the first notice of it 
till it was to be put into execution ; yet such was his eager resolu- 
tions, that he resolved, whatever hazard or cost he were at, he would 
be a spectator there ; and nobody was able to direct in the expedition 
so well as Mr. Dudley, who on the sudden he judged could so order 
all matters belonging to the Earl's retinue, that in two day's time 
they might go from the Earl's Castle of Semperingham, to the Hague, 
in Holland, to be present at that great solemnity. When they came 
there, the Earl's spirits arose to such an height that he would by no 
means address himself to the Count Palatine upon the knees, although 
he had been crowned King of Bohemia. Mr. Dudley began now to 
think that the last error was worse than the first ; however, he was 
forced to find out the best way he could to excuse it, which he did 
to the Palsgrave's satisfaction. 

It was about nine or ten years that Mr, Dudley continued in the 
ateward's place under the Earl of Lincoln ; afler which time, being 
wearied out with great employment, he was willing to retire himself 
into a more private capacity, for which end he left the Earl's family 
and hired a habitation at Boston, under Mr. Cotton, with'whom he be 
came intimately acquainted ever afler ; but it was not many years 
before the necessity of the Earl of Lincoln's affairs required his inter- 
medling therein a second time, for he had been in a manner unto him 
as Joseph was to Pharaoh in Egypt, without whose assistance he could 
carry on no matter of moment, so that he was a second time called to 
accept of the Earl's employment, wherein he continued in a manner 
till he removed himself and his family into New England. For upon 
his second employment there the times began to look black and 
cloudy upon the Nonconformists, of which Mr. Dudley was one to 
the full ; and upon that occasion, when the enterprise for New Eng- 
land began to be set forth, Mr. Dudley embraced that opportunity' 
and so resolved to leave England and travel over the sea into the 
deserts of America, that there he might with other Nonconformists 


enjoy his liberty to the utmost of what he desired. Mr. Dudley was 
not among the first of them that embarked in the design for New 
England, which is the reason why he was not numbered among 
the Patentees ; but after the rest of the undertakers began to be ac- 
quainted with him, they soon discerned' his great wisdom and other 
abilities, which made them pitch upon him in the second place, after 
Mr. Winthrop, to be their Deputy - Governor, when Mr. Hum- 
phreys (who had married one of the Earl of Lincoln's sisters,) found 
himself so encumbered with business that he could not be ready to 
con\e along with the rest, in the year 1630. After they arrived here 
Mr. Dudley was deservedly so esteemed for his wisdom, piety, jus- 
tice and zeal, that he was always accounted fitted to be Deputy, when 
Mr. Winthrop was chosen Governor ; till a necessity of gratifying 
some other of the undertakers was adjudged necessary to prevent a 
spirit of envy and jealousy that was ready to be borne in the minds 
of others, who were not in like manner admitted to share in the dig- 
nity of the government, which is so glorious a thing in the eye of 
all mortals that it is oft-times very difficult to allay the spirit thereof. 
But when it was thought meet to make a change, the lot of advance- 
ment fell in the first place upon Mr. Dudley, who was the first that 
succeeded Mr. Winthrop in the Governor's place, into which he was 
chosen at the court of election in the year 1634; in which year there 
falling out some occurrences of more difficulty than before, Mr. Dud- 
ley was in a needful hour called to the government ; for in the case 
that concerned Hocking, (who was slain at Kenebeck by some of 
Plymouth,) Mr. Dudley diffiired from all the rest of the Bench, and yet 
was concluded afterwards to be in the right; and peradventure, if he 
had not been so steadfastly fixed to his own principles and judg- 
ment, but so have been swayed by the biass of other men's inclina- 
tions, some inconvenience might have fallen out, for the person 
murdered was one that belonged to the Lord Say, who was better 
known to Mr. Dudley than to any other gentleman upon the Bench, 
yet that did not sway with him to alter his judgment, when he saw 



he had reason on his side ; yet he did not passionately oppose those 
that differed from him, but placidly bore their dissent. Mr. Dudley's 
wisdom in managing this business will best be understood by his 
own letter to Mr. Bradford, the ancient Governor of Plymouth, 
though at that time another tiras in place. 

" Sir, 

** I am right sorry for the news which Capt. Standish and other your 
neighbors and my beloved friends will bring unto Plymouth, wherein 
I suffer with you by reason of my opinion which is different from 
others, who are Godly and wise amongst us here ; the reverence of 
whose judgments causeth me to suspect mine own ignorance, yet 
must I remain in it, till I be convinced thereof; I had thought not to 
have shown your letter to any, but to have done my best to reconcile 
differences betwixt us, in the best season and manner I could ; but 
Capt. Standish required an answer thereof publickly in the court, I 
was forced to prove it, and that made the breach so wide, as he can 
tell you. I propounded to the court to answer Mr. Prince's letter 
(your Governor,) but the court said it required no answer, it being an 
answer to a former letter of ours. I pray Mr. Prince so much, and 
others whom it concerneth thereabout. 

" The late letters I received from England wrought in me divers 
fears of some trials which are like to fall upon us ; and this unhappy 
contention between you and us, and between you and Piscataqua, 
will hasten them, if God with an extraordinary hand do not help us. 
To reconcile this for the present will be very difficult, but time cooleth 
distempers ; and a coming danger approaching to us both, will neces- 
sitate our writing again : I pray you therefore, sir, set your wisdom 
and patience at work, and exhort others to the same, that things may 
not proceed from bad to worse ; so making our contentions like the 
bars of a castle, by that a way of peace may be kept open, whereat 
the God of Peace may have entrance in his own time. If you suffer 
wrong it shall be your honour to bear it patiently ; but I go too far 
needlessly in putting you in mind of those things. God hath done 


great things for you, and I desire his blessing may be multiplied upon 
you more. I will commit no more to writing ; but commending 
myself to your prayers, I am your truly loving friend in our Lord 

Thomas Dudley." 
Newton^ June 4tky 1634. 

By this letter it appears that Mr. Dudley was a very wise man 
and knew how to express his mind in apt and gentle expressions, not 
willing to provoke others, although he were never so confident that 
he was in the right, for by his wise and moderate proceeding in the 
ease, he satisfied their neighbors at Plymouth who thought they [were] 
injured by the unnecessary intrusion of the jurisdiction of the Mas 
sachusetts, in a matter which really did not concern them, and main- 
tained peace at home amongst them that so much differed from him 
in the case then depending before them. Mr. Dudley indeed was 
not remiss in matters of justice, but severe enough, but yet when 
matters were not clear he w^as slow to proceed to judgment as most 
wise men used to be. 

He was highly accounted of always for his wisdom in managing 
of affairs of the greatest concernment, and therefore was at the first 
called to be one of the standing council of the Massachusetts, while 
that trust was put in the hands of the first three, where it remained 
for several years when it was arrested out of their hands by the im- 
portunate striving of some gentlemen of a more popular spirit, and 
so was afterwards shared amongst all the assistants in common. 
And as the jurisdiction of the Massachusetts had large experience of 
Mr. Dudley's wisdom and zeal in many cases of moment and diffi- 
culty all the time that he was able to steer the affairs of the com- 
monwealth ; so in an especial manner in the time of the fanatistical 
opinions that werebroched in the country, (Anno 1636, 1637,) when 
the country was in danger to have been overrun with that sort of men ; 
but for Mr. Dudley's courage and constancy to the truth, things is- 
sued well : he beingr alwavs found to bo a steadfast friend thereunto. 


and one that would not shrink therefrom, for hope of favor or fear of 

After our Hooker and his church removed out of the bounds of 
the Massachusetts, Mr. Dudley, not willing to remove so far from 
the centre, took up his station at a nearer stand, viz., at a place then 
known only by the common name of Agawam, since called Ipswich, 
and twenty-six miles from Cambridge, alias Newtown, his first seat ; 
but the country soon found a need of his wisdom to help strengthen 
them, in that storm of trouble that began to arise immediately after 
his removal, so that the necessity of the Government and importu- 
nity of friends, enforced him to return back two or three years after 
his going away. The town he returned unto was called Roxbury, 
within two miles of Boston, where he was near at hand to be coun- 
selled or advised with in any exigent ; divers of which did presently 
appear after his return ; of him it was verified what the poet saith, 
" Virtutem presentem odimus sublatam ex oculis quaerimus invitis." 

At one time, in the year 1641, quickly after his coming to Roxbury, 
it pleased God to take away his first wife, by whom he had one son 
and four daughters ; the first of which four was, in her father's life- 
time, endowed with so many excellencies, as not only made her known 
in the gates of her own city, but in the high places of the world, by 
some choice pieces of poetry, published with great acceptation (as 
may be seen by the testimony of sundry gentlemen well skilled in 
that art, prefixed thereunto) ; of her may Solomon's words be really 
verified, — " though many other daughters had done wonderfully, yet 
she excelled them all." But to return, the loss of Mr. Dudley's 
former wife made way for a second choice, by whom he had three 
children, the eldest yet surviving, who may be likely to inherit his 
father's honor and dignity, as well as his name, place and virtues. 
He was a man of great spirit, as well as of great understanding ; 
suitable to the family he was, by his father, descended from ; and 
envy itself cannot deny him a place amongst the first three that ever 
were call-ed to intermeddle in the affairs of the Massachusetts ; he 


was endowed with many excellent abilities that qualified him there- 
unto ; for he was known to be well skilled in the law, for which he 
had great opportunities under Judge Nichols; he was likewise a 
great historian, and so could emerge with the seed of former ages, 
as well as with those amongst whom his own lot was cast. He had an 
excellent pen, as was accounted by all ; nor was he a mean poet ; men- 
tion is made by some of his relations of a paper of verses, describ- 
ing the state of Europe in his time, which having passed the royal 
test in King James's time, who was himself not meanly learned, and 
so no unmeet judge of such matters ; but in his latter times he con- 
versed more with God and his own heart, foreseeing his own change 
fast approaching upon him, which he discovered by a small parcel of 
verses, found in his pocket after his death ; which were those that 
follow : 

*' Dimme eyes, deaf ears, cold stomach shew, 
My dissolution is in view. 
Eleyen times seven near lived have I, 
And now God calls, I willing die. 
My shuttle's shut, my race is run, 
My sun is set, my deed is done. 
My span is measured, my tale is told, 
My flowers faded and grown old. 
My life is vanished, shadows fled, 
My souPs with Christ, my body dead. 
Farewell, dear wife, children and friends, 
Hate heresy, make blessed ends, 
Bear poverty, live with good men, 
So shall we meet with joy agen. 
Let men of God, in courts and churches wale 
O'er such as do a toleration hatch. 
Least y* ill egg bring forth a cockatrice. 
To pay you all with heresy and vice. 
If men be left and otherwise combine, 
Mine epitaph's — I did no hurt to thine." 


These were good ornaments to a gentleman, but that which crowned 
all, was his sincere piety, exact justice in his dealings, hospitality to 
strangers, and liberality to the poor ; which the approbation that 
God himself gives of a man that shall be blessed to keep the way of 
the Lord, to do justice and judgment ; and commanding his family 
so to do, in order to obtaining the good of the covenant with God 
himself He lived to a good old age, being full of days before he was 
called hence ; when he was found as a shock of corn, that cometh in 
in his season, being entered into the seventy-seventh year of his age ; 
his death happened on the 31st of July, 1653, at Roxbury, where he 
was honorably interred. One of the ministers of the county honored 
him with a small parcel of verses, both Latin and English, in remem- 
brance of his steadfast adherence to the truth in the dangerous time 
of error, when many were ready to turn aside therefrom." 



"The Life of Thomas Dudley, 


Massachusetts Colony of New England. 



From the statements made by Cotton Mather, I caused 
search to be made among the registers of the several parishes 
in Northampton, but nothing was elicited to confirm Mather's 
statement that Thomas Dudley was born there. One clergy- 
man says, — "I have searched the register of baptisms and 
marriages in this parish, but find nowhere the name of 
Thomas Dudley. 

There are three other parishes in the town, viz. : — 
St. Giles', St. Sepulchre's, and St. Peter's." — St. Giles says, 
" I have made a very careful search of our parish registers 
for the entry you wished to discover, but do not find it there. 
There is no instance at all of the name of Dudley^ within the 
time you give." — St. Sepulchre says, " Baptism and marriage 
of a Thomas Dudley and Dorothy his wife. * * * I have 
carefully examined it, [parish register,] and made diligent 
search, and I inform you no such name appears in the regis- 
ter of baptism or marriage in the years you mention." — Lastly, 
St. Peter says, " I have duly searched the register books of 
my parish for the names of Thomas Dudley and Dorothy, and 
find no entry of them, or anything like them. * ^ * Being also 
Curate of Upton, close by Northampton, which hamlet has 
always been united to St. Peter's, I thought it best to search 
its registers also, but cannot find any entry of such a name." 

Search was also made at Clipsham, in the County of Rut- 
land, where Thomas Dudley sometime resided,* but with no 
better success. From Peterborough we learn, — "There are 
no transcripts of registers here from Clipsham earlier than 

* So described in Isaac Johnson's will. — See Masn. Hist. Coll.y vol. 8, third 


Of the Earl of Northampton, with whom, Cotton Mather 
sayg, Thomas Dudley was placed as his page, we learn the 
following : — 

"Henry Howard, (Earl of Northampton,) second son of 
Henry, Earl of Surrey, the poet, younger brother of the Duke 
of Norfolk, who was beheaded on account of the Queen of 
Scots, and great uncle of Thomas Howard, Earl of Arundel, 
was born at Shottisham, in Norfolk, about 1539. Bishop 
Godwin says, his reputation for literature was so great in the 
University, that he was esteemed ' the learnedest among the 
nobility, and the most noble among the learned.'* His father 
having been attainted, he was restored in blood in 1559.t 

" In 1600 he was much in favor with Queen Elizabeth. On 
the accession of King James he was immediately received into 
favor. In May, 1603, he was made Privy Counsellor; in 
January, 1604, Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, and in 
March, created Baron Howard of Marnhill, and Earl of North- 
ampton ; in April, 1608, Lord Privy Seal and Knight of the 
Garter; in 1609, High Steward of the University of Oxford. 

" He was supposed to have been concerned in the murder 
of Sir Thomas Overburv. The Earl made three of his servants 
his executors, and the Earl of Suffolk, the Earl of Worcester 
and Lord William Howard, overseers of his will. It does not 
appear that he ever married. He assisted his nephew, the 
Earl of Suffolk, by large contributions and designs to build 
'Audley End.' He built Northampton House, (afterwards 
called Suffolk House, and now Northumberland House,) at 
Charing Cross. He was pious, and built that handsome con- 
vent at Greenwich, for 'decayed gentlemen-bachelors, a com- 

* Sir Egerton Brydges^s Peers of James I. Lond. 1802. 
f Nicolas's Synopsis of the Peerage. 

OF MA68ACHUSE'n'S. 41 

petent number, and for widows also considerable.'^ 'He also 
endowed an hospital for twelve poor women and a governor, 
at Kife, in Norfolk, and for twelve poor men and a governor, 
at Clun, in Shropshire.'t He published some works.''^ 

Immediately adjoining the parish of St. Dunstan's in the 
West, on the Westminster side, and very near to Temple 
Bar, stood Leicester House, (afterwards named Essex House,) 
the town residence of Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, on 
the site of part of which, in Essex street, now stands a Uni- 
tarian church. Leicester's steward was Thomas Dudley, (of 
the Yeanwith branch,) a distant cousin of his, a true and 
faithful servant, and highly esteemed by Burleigh, Hatton 

and Walsingham, with whom he had frequent communication 


during Leicester's absence in the Low Countries. 

In the State Paper Office, London, I found a list of officers 
deputed to attend on Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, Lord 
Steward, and among them, (31 in number,) is the name of 
" Cap. Dudley." The list is endorsed : — 

" 31 July, 1588. Captaines to attend upon the Lo. Steward 
in Essex and Kent." 

This was when Leicester was appointed by patent — " Her 
Majesty's Lieutenant of all Forces and Armies, (the North and 
Wales excepted,)" and was stationed at Tilbury Fort. At that 
time our Thomas Dudley would have been twelve years of age. 

In the same depository, under date of 1563, is another paper 
endorsed : — 

" The numbers of the soldiers of this garison," i, e, the garri- 
son of New Haven,§ with several memoranda in Lord Burffli- 

* Sanderson's Life of James I., pp. 393, 4. f Lloyd's State Worthies, p. 780. 
X See Oldys's British Librarian, p. 331, and Royal and Noble Authors, L 169, a 
very spirited sketch of this nobleman's character. 
§ " New Haven," now Havre de Grace. 



ley's handwriting. In the list is " Capt. Dudley," with 100 
men — 11th June, 1563. 

Another paper of the same period, endorsed: "Watch at 
New Ha v.," has the following : — " Cap'n Dudley, 36 men." 

In searching among the pedigrees of the Dudley family in 
the Herald's College, as well as those in the British Museum, 
I did not iind the name of "Koger Dudley" in any of them, 
but I discovered among the wills in the Prerogative Court of 
Canterbury, that of Edward Dudley,^ of the City of Westmin- 
ster, gentleman, dated in 1542, in which he bequeaths the 
residue of his goods, after payment of his debts and funeral 
expenses, to Kogeb DuDLEY,t whom he appointed his sole 

Another will in the same depository, dated in 1563, of 
Katherinc Dudley,:]: daughter of John Dudley, then deceased, 
in which she makes a bequest to her brother Roger Dudley, 
as well as to Francis Dudley, another brother, (then nnder 
age,) " either of her said brothers to be the other's heir." 
(Copies of these wills are giTen in the appendix, from duly 
authenticated copies in my possession.) 

This will of Katharine Dudley was the first clue I found to 
any particulars of ^' Roger Dudley." The original will which 
I inspected, is preserved in the Prerogative OflSce, London ; it 
is on one sheet of paper, very neatly written, in all probability 
by the notary, whose clerk wa& one of the witnesses. The seal 

* In the registers at St. Margaret's, Westminster, is the following entry ; — 
1542 — " Buryalls, — July — The seconde day, " Edwardus Dudley." 
*' Item of Edwarde Dudly for his pytte in the Churche, vj«. viijrf." 

The Roger Dudley in Edward Dudley's will would have been of too early a date 
for our "Capt. Roger Dudley." 

f See copy of this will in appendix, marked A. 
I See appendix, B. 


is on paper, in the form of a cross. No signature to it : at 
that period the seal was deemed sufficient. 

These are the only instances in wliich I have met with the 
name of Koger Dudley, excepting at St. Duostan's in the 
West, London, where the following entries appear in the 
register books : — 

Mar. 31, 1603, Baptized — Dorothy, daughter of Roger Dud- 
ley, gent. 

Aug. 20, 1603, Buried — Eichard, eon of Roger Dudley. 

This Dorothy m'l^htpossiUy have been the ''only daughter" 
alluded to by Cotton Mather, but that Oov. Thomas Dudley 
would then have been twenty-seven years of age, whereas 
Mather says he was left very young at the death of his father. 

In the same depository (St. Dunstan's in the West) are also 
the following entries : — 

May 30, 1591, Baptized — ^Thomas, son of John Dudley, gent. 

Aug. 27, 1594, " William, son of John Dudley, gent. 

Jan. 23, 1611, Married — William Purefey, gent, and Jane 


The Purefoys were connected by marriage with the Dud- 
leys, — first, in that of the descendants of Anne, Countess of 
Warwick, widow of John Dudley, third son of the Duke of 
Northumberland, by her second marriage with Sir Edward 
Unton, {see pedigree E^) and secondly, (it is presumed,) by the 
marriage of Roger Dudley witli a Purefoy. The latter, how- 
ever, can only be taken on presumptive evidence. 

♦Nichols, in his History of Leicestershire, spells it Purefoy; Burton, in his 
Description of Leicestershire, Purefey. 


Judge Nichols, or Nicols, married a Pnrefoy. In the pedi- 
gree of this family we have Dorothy^ sister of William Pnre- 
foy, married first to Michael Bradshaw, of Morebarne, and 
secondly to Nicols, of Devonshire.* May it not be pro- 
bable that Koger Diidley married one of the sisters of William 
Pnrefoy, whereby Judge Nicols became the "kinsman by the 
mother's side" of Thomas Dudley ? Dorothy was the name of 
Roger Dudley's daughter, who was baptised at St. Dunstan's 
in the West, London, on the 31 March, 1603. If Judge 
Nicols married Margery, as has been stated, the probability 
may be that Roger Dudley married Dorothy, and that the 
daughter was named after her mother. 

William Purefoy, of Caldecote, second son of the above 
William, was M. P. for Coventry in 1625 ; he married Jane, 
third daughter of Edward Purefoy, of Drayton, 23 Jan., 161 1, 
at St. Dunstan's in the West, the same parish in which Dorotliy 
Dudley was baptised, and in w^liich her brother Richard was 
buried, 20 Aug., 1603. This parish is immediately adjoining 
Temple Bar, on the City of London side. 

If Roger Dudley married a Purefoy, the " Mrs. Purefey" 
mentioned by Mather as living at Northampton, may have been 
the grandmother or other relative on the maternal side of our 
Thomas Dudley, by whose care " in his minority and child- 
hood ^ ^ * he was trained up in some latin schooV^ at North- 
amptoUj and that slie may have taken him there for that pur- 
pose. I find in the very extensive pedigree of this family, in 
Nichols's History of Leicestershire, that some of the family 
had settled in, or were connected with, Northamptonshire ; 
Francis Purefoy, third son of Edward Purefoy, of Shireford, 
married Anne, daugliter of Anthony Fnrthe, of Furthe, Co. 
Northampton, and Mary Purefoy, sister of this Francis Pure- 

* See NichoKs Leicestershire, vol. 4, pp. 600-601. 


foy, married Thomas Thoriie, of Yardley, Co. Northampton. 

I have extracted from this pedigree such portion in relation 
to the William Purefoy, (whose sister it is stated was married 
to Judge Nichols or Nicols,) as may tend to throw some light 
on the connections by the mother's side of Governor Thomas 
Dudley. It will there be seen that Dorothy, (not Margery,) 

is stated to have been married to Nicols, of Devonshire ; 

still this may be an error, and Dorothy may have been the 
wife of Eoger Dudley, as above referred to. 

Of the former branch or connection of the Purefoys with 
the Dudleys, — Anne, widow of John Dudley, Earl of War- 
wick, (third son of the Duke of Northumberland,) was the 
daughter of Protector Somerset. She married, secondly, Sir 
Edward Unton, Knight of the Bath, of Wadle}", Co. Oxon, 
and had by him five sons and two daughters : their daughter 
Anne married Sir Valentine Knightley ; Mary, daughter of 
the latter, married Geo. Purefoy, Esquire, of Wadley and of 
Drayton, Co. Leicester, who survived her and died in 1628; 
their son George Purefoy, of Drayton, died in 1661, and was 
buried at Drayton ; and his son George Purefoy, became pos- 
sessed of Wadley, in Oxfordshire, left to him by his grand- 
father. Sir Valentine Knightly, and died in 1670. Sir Henry 
Purefoy, son of the last George, was created a Baronet, and 
died unmarried in 1686, when the title became extinct. {See 
pedigrees B and D,) 

"The mansion of Wadley became the residence of the 
family of Purefoy, a very full and complete pedigree of which 
will be found in Nichols's History of Leicesterahire, vol. IV, 
p. 600. They were possessed of Wadley for four generations, 
but also continued seated at Drayton, in Leicestershire, and at 
Shalston, in Buckinghamshire.* 

* Unton Inventories, by J. Gough Nichols, 1841. 


Dorothy, widow of Sir Henry Unton, (Son of Sir Edward,) 
married Sir George Shirley, who died in 1622, slie survived 
him and died in 1634. In her will^ she leaves " George Pu- 
rifye," one of her executors, and among her bequests is the 
following: — " Item, I give and bequeath to ray loveing kins- 
man George Purify, Esquire, ten pounds to buy him a ring." 

Fuller, in his Worthies of England, in speaking of the Unton 
family, says : — " This ancient and worshipfull name was ex- 
tinct in the days of our fathers for want of issue male, and a 
great part of their lands devolved by an heir-general to 
George Purfey, of Wadley, Esquire, whose care is commend- 
able in preserving the monuments of the Umptons, in Faring- 
don Church, and restoring such aa were defaced in the war 
to a good degree of their former fairness." 

A tradition existed "among the descendants of Governor 
Dudley, in the eldest branch of the family, that he was de- 
scended from John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland, who 
was beheaded in 1553, and some of the name have been 
anxious to trace their descent to that ambitions courtier." * * * 
' The Duke of Northumberland had eight sons and five daugh- 
ters, and from one of these sons, the Eev. Samuel Dudley, son 
of Governor Thomas Dudley, supposed his family to have been 
derived.'. . . . 'It does not appear that Governor Dudley ever 
claimed descent either from the family of Warwick or of 

* Prerogative Court of Canterbury. 

f Memoirs of American Governors, by Jacob B. Moore, New York, 1846. 


This tradition was not confined to the Kev. Samuel Dudley, 
but has been perpetuated among the descendants of Governor 
Joseph Dudley, as the following, in the possession of the 
writer, will show : — 

" This indenture, made and concluded this twenty -third of Novem- 
ber, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty, 
by and between * * * Dudley of Roxbury, in the County of Norfolk 
and Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Esquire, of the one part, and 
* * * * of Boston, in the County of Suffolk, and Commonwealth afore- 
said. Esquire, of the other part. Whereas the said Dudley claimeth 
and verily believeth himself to be entitled by descent and rightful in- 
heritance to the honors, rank, and estate of a Peer of the realm within 
the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, together with cer- 
tain large estates, rights, privileges and appurtenances thereto per- 
taining, and of which honors, rank, estates, privileges and appurte- 
nances he has not yet heen enabled to have the seizin and possession, 
by reason of his absence from said United Kingdom, as well as from 
divers other causes. And whereas the said Dudley has decided to 
demand, claim and prosecute his right and inheritance in the premises 
by petition or by process in law or chancery, and in such other law- 
ful way or manner as the case may require." &c., &c. 

From the investigation I have made in relation to this 
family, I arrive at the conclusion that though Governor Dudley 
was not descended in the direct line from John 
Dudley, Duke of Northumberland, yet that both 
were descended from the same ancestry. Both 
used the same coat of arms. 

The original name of the family was Sutton, hence they 
are known among genealogists as the " Sutton-Dudleys." 

John Dudley, mentioned in the will of Katharine Dudley, 
as her father, was the son of Thomas Dudley, both of whom 


were buried at St. Michael's, Oornhill, London.^ (Copies of the 
wills of these will be found in the appendix.f ) Upon compari- 
son of dates and from other circnnistances, I conclude that this 
Thomas Dudley was the son of Edward, Lord Dudley, who 
died in 1531, and brother of John, Lord Dudley, commonly 
known as " Lord Quondam." Nor would it be any way re- 
markable that Thomas Dudley, citizen and draper, should be 
the son of one Lord Dudley and brother of another, when it 
is borne in mind that the fortunes of the family at that time 
were at the very lowest ebb. The Draper was as good as the 
Lord^ as the following will show. 

John, Lord Dudley, having lost all his property, and in- 
volved in pecuniary diflSculties, became a poor houseless no- 
bleman, dependent upon the charity of his friends, spending 
his time in visits to one or other of them, as he best might, 
and generally known as " Lord Quondam.":|: His wife and 
children were in great destitution. 

In a letter from his wife, Cecil, daughter of Thomas Grey, 
Marquis of Dorset, to the Lord Privy Seal, 24th February, 
1538,§ — she says : 

" The cause of my writing unto you is, desiring you to be 
good lord unto me ; it is so, as you know very well, that by 
the means of my lord, my husband, I and all mine are utterly 
undone, unless it be the better provided by the Grace of God, 

* St. Michael's, Cornhill. (Thomas and John Dudley buried there.) 

A branch of the Winthrop family resided in this parish. Between 1560 and 
1571— Adam, William, Jonathan, Elizabeth and Sara, children of " William Win- 
troppe," were baptized in St. Michael's Church ; and between 1560 and 1582, — 
Adam, Anne, Jonathan, and William were buried there. Could there have been 
any intimacy between the Dudleys and the Winthrops at that time, residing as 
they did in the same parish ? 

t See appendix, C. D. \ See Dugdale's Baronage, vol. 2, p. 216. 

§ Preserved in the State Paper Office, London. 


and likewise that it may please the King's highness to take 
pity of me and mine. . , . The truth is, I have little above 
twenty pound a year, (which I have by my lady my mother,) 
to find me and one of my daughter with a woman and a man 
to wait upon me ; and surely, unless the good prioress of Nun- 
eaton did give me meat and drink of free cost, to me and all 
mine that here remains with me, I could not tell what shift to 
make. Over and besides that, whensoever any of my children 
comes hither to see me, they be welcome unto the prioress as 
long as they list to tarry, horsemeat and man's meat, and cost 
them nothing, with a piece of gold or two in their purses at 
their departure." 

Edward Dudley, the eldest son, who succeeded to the title on 
the death of his father, had been refused in a suit he made to 
the widow Lady Berkeley, a ward of the King, in consequence 
of his poverty ; though his suit was backed by the King, and 
by Cromwell, Lord Privy Seal. 

Thomas and John Dudley, who I presume were the grand- 
father and great-grandfather of Governor Thomas Dudley, 
were both membere of the Draper's Company. Herbert, 
in his account of the Livery Companies of London, says, — 
"The Drapere* have the honor to reckon the founders of 
several noble families amongst their members and more Lord 

Mayors than any of the other companies. ^The Earls of 

Bath, Essex, the Barons Wotton, and the Dukes of Chan- 
dos, are among the noble families which] derive their descent 
from members of the Draper's Company." 

The immediate ancestors of Queen Elizabeth were citizens 
and mercers. Geffrey Boleyn, citizen and mercer, was buried 
in the old church of St. Lawrence Jewry, in Cateaton street, 
London, in 1483. 

* Draper originally meant a makeVy and not as at present, a dealer in cloth. 



John, " Lord Quondam" had a son named Thomas, as weil 
as a brother of the same name, but from the dates I presume 
the latter to have been the ancestor of the Dudleys of Massa- 
chusetts. John, "Lord Quondam" was born in 1496 and died 
in 1663. Thomas, his brother, was the second son, and pro- 
bably born between 1496 and 1500, — he died in 1649. 

The soubriquet of "Lord Quondam" rendered him an ob- 
ject of derision, and it may have been this circumstance that 
gave rise to the supposed repugnance of Governor Thomas 
Dudley to have the genealogy of his family made known, as 
we gather from Cotton Mather's statement. The embarrass- 
ments of John, Lord Dudley, may probably liave been caused 
by other than his own incompetency ; he was one of eleven 
children, (four sons and seven daughters,) the providing for 
whom may have greatly impaired the family property. Ed- 
ward, Lord Dudley, his father, had previous to his death, viz., 
in 1627, sold five-eighths of the Malpas estates, and alienated 
other portions of the Dudley property.^ The grandfather of 
John, Lord Dudley, had by his two marriages, twelve chil- 
dren, (seven sons and five daughters.) The deterioration of 
the family property evidently had begun sometime before 
John succeeded to the Barony. 

The will of Edward, Lord Dudley, (father of the " Lord 
Quondam") might possibly contain some information respect- 
ing his family, but though a thorough search has been made I 
have not been able to discover it. 

Pedigree D will show what I conceive to be the descent of 
the Massachusetts Dudleys, as well as their connection with 
John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland ; Ambrose Dudley, 
Earl of Warwick ; and Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester. 

* See Ormerod*8 History of Cheshire. 




The Dudleys of Ma83acliu8ett8 bear the same 
arms and the same crest as the " Sutton-Dudleys" 
of England, and these arms are peculiar to this 
family. I do not find, after considerable search, any other 
family bearing precisely tlie same arms. 1 have in my pos- 
session, an impression of the seal of this family, which from 
its size was evidently the oflScial seal of the Governors Dud- 
ley. It is round in shape, and similar in size to the seals in 
use by notaries. The seal from which this impression is ta- 
ken was in the possession of the descendants of Gov. Joseph 
Dudley till within a few years past. 

Though but little importance is attached in this country to 
the use of heraldic arms, such is not the case in England, 
where they form a distinguishing mark between noble fami 
lies, and no one would scarcely venture to assume the arms of 
another family. 

" Bigland, in his work on Parochial Registers, 1767, says — 
^ I know three families who have acquired estates by virtue 
of preserving the arms and escutcheons of their ancestors.' 

" Coats of Arms serve, in a variety of ways, as material 
proofs of marriages and descents. Burton, the author of the 
History of Leicestershire, a lawyer of no mean acquirements, 
was so sensible of the value of these antient memorials. Coats 
of Arms, that in order to make them still more useful to pos- 
terity, he collected copies of them from stained^glasa windows. 

mouuments, and the like ; for the avowed purpose that they 
might rectify armories and genealogies, and give such testi- 
mony and proof as might put an end to many differences. 

"Autient charters and evidences were only signed with 
seals. The custom of sealing, without subscription, continued 
in Scotland till 1540, when James V. ordered that all evidences 
should be subscribed as well as sealed. The impressions on 
seals of deeds, wills, and the like, have been found, in gene- 
alogical matters, to be of signal service."* 


The Pedigrees of the Sutton-Dudleys that I have given, 
are compiled principally from the Heralds' Visitations, with 
additions or corrections from the " Inquisitioues post mor- 
tem," — from historical writers and county histories, and from 
the still more important sources, — the Parish Registers and 
Wills in the various depositories in England. 

The best pedigree that I have met with of the Sutton-Dud- 
leys, is that in Blore's History of Rutland; there arc however 
several errors and omissions, (inseparable in all genealogical 
attempts,) but there is no pedigree that I have found, so com- 
plete as that. 

The following, in reference to the Heralds' Visiiations, 
Parochial Eegisters, and Wills, in the various depositories 
in England, will be of interest to those in search of infor- 

r"ti - ^ -» ^ 

* Origines Genealogies, by Stacey Grimaldi, F. S. A., Loud., 1828. 

heralds' records and visitations. (53 


" The College of Arms, or as it is frequently called, the 
Heralds' College, was incorporated by letters patent, as 
early as the first year of Eichard III, (1483,) by the desig- 
nation of the 'King's Heralds and Pursuivants of Arms,' with 
power to use a common seal, when required in the exercise of 
their faculty ; and by a second charter, 2nd Philip and Mary, 
was again incorporated, when, for the better custody of the 
records and inrolments of their faculty, a building, destroyed 
in the great fire of London, upon the site of the present one, 
was granted to them. 

"Independently of the direction these oflScers had of public 
ceremonials at home, in the justs, tilts and tournaments of the 
age of chivalry, and their employment in embassies abroad, 
they were from an early period the guardians of the genealo- 
gies of the nobility. 

" The Visitations are the most important of the Heralds' 
records. The first commission proceeding from royal au- 
thority was issued to Thomas Benolte, Clarenceux King of 
Arms, in 1528, These commissions to the provincial Kings of 
Arms, continued to be granted at intervals of about twenty- 
five or thirty years, from that period until 1686, when the last 
was issued to Sir Henry St. George, then Clarenceux. The 
commissions for these survej^s granted to the Kings of Arms, 
gave them power to appoint deputies, and in very many in- 
stances the visitations were made by the heralds they dele- 
gated in their names. The nobility and gentry were summoned 


in each county, (under warrants addressed to the Bailiffs of 
the Hundred,) to give an account of their family, and produce 
their title to the arms and crests they used. The entries then 
made of the pedigrees and arms of the parties appearing, were, 
on the survey being completed, termed the Visitation. The 
various entries are in most cases attested by the signature of 
the heads of the families, and occasionally by persons on their 

" Copies of many of these visitations, with some few origi- 
nals, are to be found in the British Museum, many of them 
made by the Heralds themselves, where are also to be found 
numerous genealogical collections. 

" Independently of the Visitations, the College of Arms con- 
tains very valuable collections relating to the families of the 
nobility and gentry. 

"Original Visitations are allowed by the courts of justice to 
be good evidence of pedigrees, as are also the heralds' ancient 
rolls and ancient books in general.* 




" In 1534, (26 Hen. VIII.) the King was by Act of Parlia- 
ment decreed to be supreme head of the Church of England, 
and in 1535 all monasteries, which had not lands above the 
value of two hundred pounds by the year, were given to the 
King. In 1538, Thomas Cromwell, Vicar General, (an office 

■ '— ' ■-— -"— "-^ 

* Origines Genealogicse. 


formed by himself,) issued a mandate for the keeping of regis- 
ters of baptisms, marriages, and burials in each parish. In 
1597, the registers not having been regularly kept and pre- 
served, it was ordained that parchment register books should 
be purchased at the expense of each parish, and that the pa- 
per books then in use should be transcribed into the parch- 
ment registers, wherein all names should be entered, each 
page to be certified by the clergyman and churchwardens ; and 
that copies of such registers be forwarded annually to the 
Registrar of the respective dioceses. These copies are not 
perfect in any one diocese. From 1660, however, the paro- 
chial registers have been well kept. 

"The registers of London parishes generally commence in 
1558 (1st Eliz.) and continue regularly (excepting during the 
time of the usurpation,) to the present day, but the registers 
of 1538 to 1558 are not frequently to be met with. Many of 
the older parishes exist no longer, or have become united to 
others. No less than thirty-five of the churches destroyed by 
the fire of London, in 1666, have never been rebuilt. The an- 
cient registers of these parishes, or some of them, may often 
with diligence be discovered, some in the chest of the nearest 
or neighboring parish church. 

" There is scarcely a claim of peerage, or case of heirship 
on record, which has not been proved in part by parochial 
registers ; they are of the first class of evidence ; yet it is im- 
portant to have proof of the identity of the parties named in 
them, otherwise any individual of common name might by in- 
dustry, discover registers, which would trace a descent from 
any ancestor of such name as he might desire.* 

* Origines Gcnealogicae. 



" Wills are the principal and often the only records by 
which families of the middling class can trace descent, prior 
to the parochial records: the Inqinsitiones post mortem, were 
only taken on tenants in capite, or pereons presumed to be 
snch. Wills of men of property almost invariably name two, 
and frequently three or four descents of pedigree ; their sanc- 
tity renders them instruments of great authority." 

" Copies of Wills of very remote period are to be found in 
the British Museum, and in Lambeth Palace, {see LambetK 
private Catalogue printed in 1812,) commencing in 1312 
down to 1636 — in number 1600. They are contained in the 
various Archbishops' registers, of which Dr. Ducarel made a 
calendar, a copy of which is in Lambeth Palace and another 
in the British Museum."* 

Few persons are aware of the number of depositories for 
Wills that there are in the City of London alone. Having taken 
much pains to ascertain these, I subjoin a list of them, (thir- 
teen in number) for the benefit of those who may have 
occasion to refer to such records of the past. 

The earliest Wills extant are those in the "Hustings' Court 
OF London," at Guildhall. They commence in 1258, and are 
continued to the time of James L ; since which none have 
been proved, though the Court is still opened once a month, 
pro-forma. These wills are in rolls : the probate copies are 

* Orlgines GenealogicaB. See additional MSS. in British Museum, vols. 6062 
to 6109, where may be found the^CaJendars or Indexes to these Wills. 


not in volumes. Mr. Alchen, the librarian of the City Li- 
brary, at Guildhall, some few years since made a very com- 
plete alphabetical index to them, forming four volumes. 

Diocese of Canterbury. 

Prerogative OflSce of Canterbury, the oflSce of which is in 
Doctors' Commons, being the principal depository for 
Wills ; — from 1383 to the present time. 

Court of Delegates. 

Arches' Court of Canterbury. 

Diocese of London. 

* Consistorial Episcopal Court, at the Bishop of London's 
Office ;— from 1362. 

^ Commissary of London ; — from 1374:. 

* Archidiaconal Court of London, at the Faculty Office ; — 

from 1393. 

Court of Middlesex ; — from 1660. 

Royal Peculiar of St. Catharine. 

Peculiar of Abp. of Canterbury in Deanery of Booking. 

f in Deanery of the Arches ; 

—from 1614. 
Peculiars of the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's ; — from 1537. 
Royal Peculiars of the Dean and Chapter of Westminster, 

comprising St. Margaret and St. John, Westminster; 

Precinct of St. Martin's le Grand ; and Maiden, in Essex ; 

—from 1566. 

* The earlier portions of these Wills are to be found in St. Paul's Cathedral, in 
the upper part of the building. 

f Part of these are in Doctors' Commons, and part at Lambeth Palace. 

*i^* The depositories or offices of nearly all the other Courts are in the pre- 
cincts of Doctors' Commons. 



DUDLEY WILLS, 1500 TO 1632. 

Besides the Wills to whicli I have referred, and of which 
copies are given in the appendix, I found in the various de- 
positories in London, the following relating to the Dudlej^s, 
— between the years 1500 and 1632 : — 

1619. John Gierke, citizen and draper, (father of John Dud- 
ley's wife Elizabeth,) Alice Gierke, his wife, left 
executrix. Will dated, 30th June, 1619. 

{Commissary of Wills.) 

1666. Symon Dudleye, of Hackney, Go. of Middlesex. Will 
dated 3 Dec, 1665. Margerye his wife, Dorothy 
his daughter, John Dudleye his son, (? Sergeant of 
Qu. Elizabeth's Pastry, who died in 1693,) Paule 
Dudleye his son, (under age in 1656.) 

Commissary of Wills.) 

1666. Alice Dudley, of Radriff, Go. of Surrey, widow, whose 

daughter Mary married George Pilkington. A son 
named Richard Gibson, and a grandson Francis 
Gibson. {Prerogative Office.) 

1667. Pawlus Dudley. Gommission granted in Oct., 1667, to 

his son John Dudley, parish of Newington. 

{Commissary of Wills.) 

1660. Thomas Dudley, of Stone, Go. of Kent, who left a 

daughter " Ellenor," afterwards married to Henry 

Parker, of Northflcet, Kent. {Prerogative Office.) 


1574. Thomas Dudley, late of the City of Westminster. Ad- 
ministration granted 29 Oct. ]67i to his daughter 
Elizabeth Dudley. {Query , nephew of Thomas Dud- 
ley, whom I presume to be the great-grandfather of 
Gov. Thomas.) He was baptised at St. Margaret's, 
Westminster, 10 Aug., 1539. 

{Dean and Chapter of Westminster.) 

1576. Eobert Dudley, of St. Margaret's, Westminster, who 
died in 1576. Administration granted to his sister 
Margaret Kyssyn. {Prerogative Office,) 

1580. Thomas Duddleley, of Coventry, (probably son of Tho- 
mas Dudley, of Stone, as in his Will he speaks of 
some interest in "Duddeley House" in Stone, for 
his wife, Alice.) {Prerogative Office.) 

1583. Thomas Dudlej'-, of Westbury, in Co. Salop. Adminis- 
tration granted in 1583 to his son Thomas Dudley. 

{Prerogative Office.) 

1593. John Dudley, of Hackney, near London. Sergeant of 

Queen Elizabeth's Pastry. He was son of Symon 
Dudleye, of Emley Lovett, Co. Worcester, and of 
Hackney, who died in 1555. Administration 
granted to his son Henry Dudley, 2d Jan., 1593. 

{Commissary of Wills.) 

1594. John Dudley, of Whitechapel, London. Administra- 

tion granted in June, 1594, to Katherine Jones, 
otherwise Dudley, (? his wife.) 

{Commissary of Wills.) 
1601. William Dudley, citizen and skinner, of the Parish of 
St. Bridget, London. Will dated 23 Oct., 1601, 
proved 2 Nov. 1601, — left his wife Joane Dudley, his 
executrix ; Edward, Alice, and Marie, his cliildren. 
Edward Dudley the elder, at Hoxton, his cousin. 
Gilbert Dudley, his brother. {Commissary of Wills.) 


1601. Joanc Dudlev, widow of the above. TTill dated 5 Xov. 
1601, and proved 28 Xov. 1601. ilbid.) 

1614. William Dudley, of St. Martin's, in the Yin try, Lon- 
don. Administration granted in Jnly, 1614, to 
Agnes Dudley, relict. {Commissary of Wills.) 

1632. Kobert Dudley, of St. Nicholas Cole-abby, London. 
Administration granted in 1632 to Constance Ro- 
binson. {Commissary of Wills.) 

*<,,* The wills and administrations above enumerated, are those only of whom 
I did not trace their consanguinity, with the exception of John Gierke, 1519, and 
Thoman Duddeley, of Coventry, who died in 1 680 ; the latter was of the Clapton 
family of Dudley. 



Having given some account of Gov. Thomas Dudley, it may 
not be inappropriate here to insert the following in reference 
to Gov. Joseph ; written on the occa^on of his death, by one 
of his contemporaries :* 

" Boston, — On Saturday the 2d currant, dyed, the very Honour- 
able Joseph Dudley, Esq., at his Seat in Roxhury^ in the 73d year 
of his age, being born September 23, 1647 ; and on Friday the 8th 
currant, he was interred in the sepulchre of his Father, with all the 
honour and respect his country was capable of doing him ; there 
Jbeing two regiments of foot, with two troops of horse in arms ; and 
while the funeral was passing, the guns at His Majesty's Castle 
William were fired ; and on the occasion all the bells of the town of 
Boston were tolled. 

" There attended at the funeral the Members of His Majesty's Coun- 
cil, in Boston, and the neighbouring towns ; a great number of Jus- 
tices of the Peace, Ministers, Gentlemen, Merchants and others. 

" The late Governour Dudley was the son of the Honourable Thomas 
Dudley, Esq. ; (for many years Governour of New England) and the 
son of his old age, being born after his father was 70 years old. — 
During his childhood he was under the care of his excellent mother, 
and the Reverend Mr. Allen, the Minister of Dedham, who marry ed 
her. In his youth he was educated at the Free School in Cambridge, 
under the famous Master Corlet ; from thence he went to the Col- 

* For a memoir of Got. Joseph Dudley, as well as of his father Gov. Thomas, 
the reader is referred to " Memoirs of American Governors," by Jacob B. Moore, 
8vo., New York, 1846. 


lege in Cambridge, and there took his degrees in the Presidentship 
of Mr. Charles Chauncey. — The first of his publick appearance for 
his countrey's service, was in the Narraganset Indian War, Anno 
1675. — The year after he was chosen a Magistrate of the Massachu- 
setts Colony. — In 1682 he went for England with John Richards, 
Esq., in an agency for his country. — In 1686 the government of the 
Massachusetts Colony being changed to a President and Council, 
he had a commission to Command in Chief; and after the arrival of 
Sir Edmund Androes inr the government of New England, New 
York, &c., he continued President of the Council and Chief Justice. 
In the winter 1689, he went a second time for England, and in 
1690 returned with a Commission of Chief Justice for New York. 
In 1693 he went a third time for England, and in the winter of that 
year he received a commission from King William, appointing him 
Lieutenant Governour of the Isle of Wight, where he continued eight 
years. While in England he had the honour to serve as a Member 
of the House of Commons for the Borough of Newton, on the Isle of 
Wight, in the last Parliament of King William, from whom he first 
received his commission for this government ; but staying in Eng- 
land till His Majesty's death, he was obliged to get his commission 
renewed from Queen Anne, with which he arrived at Boston the 11th 
of June, 1702 ; and was received with great respect and affection ; 
and continued in the government until November, 1715, saving an 
intermission of about 7 weeks, that the government devolv'd upon 
His Majesty's Council. 

'* He was a man of rare endowments and shining accomplishments, 
a singular honour to his country, and in many respects the glory of 
it : He was early its darling, always its ornament, and in his age 
its crown : The scholar, the divine, the philosopher and the lawyer, 
all met in him : — He was visibly form'd for government, and under 
his administration (by God Almighty's blessing) we enjoyed great 
quietness, and were safely steer'd through a long and difficult Indian 
and French war. 


" His country have once and again thankfully acknowledged his 
abilities and fidelity in their addresses to the Throne. — He truly 
honor'd and lov'd the religion, learning and vertue of New England, 
and was himself a worthy patron and example of them all. — Nor did 
so bright a soul dwell in a less amiable body, being a very comely 
person, of a noble aspect, and a graceful mien, having the gravity of a 
judge and the goodness of a father. — In a word, he was a finisht gen- 
tleman, of a most polite address, and had uncommon elegancies and 
charms in his conversation. 

** Tis said a funeral sermon will be preached for him at, the Publick 
Lecture in Boston the next Thursday."* 

The sermon was preached by Benjamin Colman, pastor of a 
churcli in Boston, at the desire of Paul Dudley, the eldest sur- 
viving son of the Governor, and was afterwards published and 
dedicated to him.f 

In speaking of Governor Joseph, the preacher says of him, — 
" He had read and studied, well understood and reverenced the 
Holy Bible ; he could even teach the most knowing among us in it. 
It was a happy foundation laid for his whole life, that his younger 
years were spent in sacred studies. The tincture of this appeared in 
his whole conversation, but more especially with us ministers, to 
whom he always was a father ; spake comfortably to us, countenanced 
us in our work, honoured us before our people, defended us if need 
were from wrongs, entertained us with religious and learned discourse, 
on one head of divinity, or point of philosophy and another ; and not 
seldom on the translation of one text and another from the Greek. 

* Boston News-Letter, New England, No. 834, Monday 11 April, 1T20. 

f A copy of this sermon, a small duodecimo volume, (Boston, 1*720,) is in the 
possession of/. Wingate Thornton^ JEsq.y of Boston, to whom I am indebted for 
the means of making these extracts. 


Thus he highly merited and commanded our reverence, and with 
much pleasure we sat at his feet, and hung on his lips. 

" If I am able to judge, he from his heart esteemed the religion and 
manners of his country ; the education and literature of it, the mo- 
desty, sobriety and virtue of it. Here his heart was all the while he 
was absent from us, and when he had very advantageous offers made 
him that would have hindered his return hither, he gratefully refused 
them that he might serve and die here. By much constancy, patience 
and application, he surmounted many difficulties and obstacles that 
lay in his way. In London he has told me that of temporal things, 
he most desired to be with his family, and to be buried in the grave 
of his father ; and here he has since said to me that all he had further 
to desire now was, that when superseded in the Government, he might 
be left to die at home. 

" In the great afflictions of his life, he appeared to his family to ex- 
ercise much resignation with humiliation under the hand of God, and 
also a strong faith and trust in God. We all know his tender affec- 
tion to his children, yet his calm was so great in the loss of two fine 
sons at once, and the first born a son every way worthy of such a 
father, that I have heard one that loved him not charge him with 

" His son has told me of the solemnity with which he worshiped 
God in his house, and more especially on the Lord's Day ; how care- 
ful he was about the instruction of his servants, and with what fer- 
vency he was wont to pray over his children. 

" It is the glory of our College* that she was so early the mother of 
such sons as Stoughton and Dudley. He honoured and loved that, 
his mother, and was wont to say of her that he knew no better place 
to begin the forming of a good and worthy man, only he wished us 
the advantages of the great universities in our nation to finish and per- 
fect us. 

* Harvard. 


" When he came to the government here, every body saw how he 
preferr'd the sons of the College and men of learning in the commis- 
sions he gave ; to which some good judges have imputed the wonder- 
ful growth of the College since that day ; for they saw that {cceieris 
paribus,) to be capable was the way to be useful, and come to honour. 

'^ When we, I mean the ministers, waited on him at his arrival, to 
congratulate his accession to the government over us, and to commend 
our Churches and the College to his kind regards, he answered us with 
the goodness and affection of a Joseph, to this effect ; sirs, said he, you 
are my brethren, the College is my mother, from my birth up I have 
lain in the bosome and lived on the breasts of these Churches. 

" I am myself a witness of the honour and esteem he was in, and 
his country not a little for his sake, among wuse and learned men, and 
with religious and good people, both at London and at Cambridge. 
He was then in the prime of his life, and shone at the very Court and 
among the philosophers of the age, and was in high estimation among 
the best divines, both conformists and non-conformists, for his learning, 
gravity and religion. And it has been wonderful to some who have 
observed, that the highest prelates of the Church of England, and at 
the same time the head ministers among the dissenters, regarded him 
with an equal (that is to say, the utmost) respect. When I was at 
Cambridge, as soon and as often almost as I had occasion to say, that 
I came from New England, I was eagerly asked if I knew Col. Dud- 
ley, who had lately appeared there with my Lord Cutts ; and one and 
another spake with such admiration of the man, as the modesty and 
humility of my country will not allow me to repeat. 

" I say these things unto the glory of God, who was pleased to 
form from among us so bright a person and show him abroad, (as 
many other worthy sons of New England have been seen besides,) 
without which, (God knows why,) our soul had been exceedingly filled 
with the scorning and contempt of the proud. I mean also, by the 
will of God, to provoke to emulation the sons of New England to 
pursue their studies, and to pray to the God of their fathers, and to 



tread in their steps, that so by his grace ar.d favour they too may 
rise and shine, and be famous in their generation. But especially let 
your pious education tincture and adorn your common conversation, 

which as I hinted before was a great praise of the deceased. 

* * * * 

" I say nothing of the honours that Providence did him, or the ser- 
vices it employed him in, here or abroad ; nor shall I enter any fur- 
ther into his personal worth and character. 

* * * * 

" In a word, although in his life he had some as dark days as most 
ever see, yet taking the whole together he has lived in as many cir- 
cumstances of felicity as most do in this world." 



"The last Will and Testament of Joseph Dudley, of Roxbury, Esqr., 
revoking all other wills and dispositions of my estate. I bequeath 
my soul into the hands of Almighty God, thro Jesus Christ my Lord, 
in whom I trust for eternal life, and my body to be decently buried 
with my father, at the discretion of my executors. My temporal es- 
tate I dispose in manner following : — I give to Rebeckah, my dear 
wife, my servants, household goods, plate and two hundred pounds in 
money, to be at her own disposal in her life time, or at her death, 
amongst her children, and if she dye without any such disposall, then 
what is left thereof to be equally divided amongst my children. I 
also give my dear wife my mansion house (or what part of it she 
pleases to use,) and gardens for her life, and one hundred pounds per 
annum to be paid quarterly in equal portions, for her support during 
her life, to be paid by Paul Dudley, my eldest son, out of the issues 
and rents of my estate herein given to him. I give to my son 
William Dudley, my new farm in the woods, in Roxbury, contain- 
ing one hundred and fifty acres, more or less, with the wood land 
there purchased of Devotion Crafts and others, from whence he shall 
annually supply and bring home to his mother, her fire wood, during 
her life. I also give my farm of one thousand acres at Mauchaag, 
and three hundred pounds towards building him an house. I have 
already by the favour of God, disposed in marriage my four daugh- 
ters, Sewall, Winthrope, Dummer and Wainwright, and paid them 
what I intended. I further give each of them one thousand acres of 
land, to be equally taken out of my six thousand acres in the Town 
of Oxford ; and to my nephew, Daniel Allin, and my niece, Ann 
Hilton, five hundred acres out of the same dividend, to be equally 
divided between them. All these lands to descend to the children 


severally, and the heirs of their bodies. I further give to my four 
daughters, one hundred pounds each, to be laid out in what they 
please, in remembrance of their mother ; and to my niece, Ann Hil- 
ton, forty pounds, to be paid at age or marriage. Further, if by the 
Providence of God, my daughter Wainwright fall a widow, or her 
husband uncapable of business, I give her twenty pounds per annum, 
to be paid her in equal portions by her two brothers, during her 
widowhood or his incapacity for business. 

" To my eldest son, Paul Dudley, I give the Inheritance of all my 
houses and lands in Roxbury, Oxford, Woodstock, Newtown, Brook- 
line, Merimack, or elsewhere, all my. stock, debts, money, and all 
the estate belonging to me whatsoever, except as above, he paying all 
my just debts, legacies and funeral charges, and his mother's annuity, 
as above set down. And my will is that the lands descend to my 
heirs, after the manner of England, forever; to the male heirs first 
and after to the females. If either of my sons dye without male issue, 
his brother and his male issue shall inherit the lands herein be- 
queathed. I give to the Free School in Roxbury fifty pounds, to be 
put out to use, or to purchase land to assist the support of a Latin 
master, by the feoffees of the said school, from time to time. This, 
and other legacies in this will, to be paid in that which passeth for 
money in this Province. 

" I ordain mv well beloved wife, Paul Dudlev, and William Dud- 
ley, executors of this my last Will, and do most humbly refer my 
dearest wife and children to the grace of God, commending them to 
live in the fear and service of God, with duty toward their mother 
and sincere affection tow^ard each other. 

"I give to the Rev. Mr. Walter, Mr. Thair, Mr. William Williams, 

of Weston, and Mr. Ebenezer Williams, of Pomfret, to each, forty 

shillings for a ring. 

J. Dudley, [and a seal.] 
Dated, Oct. 27, 1719. 

Published in presence of Penn Townsend, 

Benjamin Gambling, 

Abijah Weld." 



The following, transcribed from the original unpvhlished 
documents, will be of interest to the reader : — 



"To Major Dudley, 



Whitehall, March 15, 1683. 

" Your Deputy es have carried their busines so cunningly, or at 
least Mr. Humphreys manages so closely, that I can send you no 
certaine account of your affaires till the tearm begin, but then Mr. 
Atturney is directed to be as swift as he can. I hope to be even 
with your Deputyes for occasioning my stay in England far longer 
than I ever hoped or expected, and for your worthy colleague Capt. 
now Major Richards, his friends, if he had any here, or at least his 
aquaintance say he did not deceive them, accounting him a poor 
pittyfull, sneaking fellow. Mr. Hutchison desires me to remember 
his hearty respects to you and to his brother ; we have made an ap- 
pointment to meet your friend Dr. Cox, and to eate with him at Mr. 
Hutchison's, who for your sake gives me a civill respect, for which I 
thank you. I know not how better to serve you here then to omitt 
no opportunity of promoting you according to your merit, which hath 
made a great impresse upon the great moving men at Court. 

" Sir, I often remember how often you promised to meet me at my 
friend's Madam Tailers, and as often disappointed me; you will 
oblige me in my absence to give her my humble service; no woman 


that I know living, more deserving than herselfe, but I should be 
very unhappy, were the question to be proposed to the House of 
Deputyes, wheither shee should have any kindnes for me, I can at 
this distance easily resolve it in the negative. I pitty those poore 
silly animalls, and if any amongst them have a better opinion of 
themselves, (I mean not our little party) they may buye their witt at 
a dearer rate. The ship is not yet come from Plymouth so I cannot 
make your present to my lord of London, but my telling'himof your 
verball order to deliver it, gave him great satisfaction, and enquires 
after the ships arrivall. My hearty respects to all freinds, and, Sir, 
be confident that I am Sir, your assured freind and servant, 

F. A. Randolph. 

" Pray forgett not the Fairefield busines, nor anything else which 
occurs you, wherein you may serve me and } ourselfe.'' 



" For the worshipfull Joseph Dudley Esq., 
At his Lodgings in St. Pauls Church Yard, 

These London." 

Dear Sir, 

" Having been afflicted with the present epidemical feaver and ague, 
I despayred of writing anything to you by Clarke ; and though the 
ship be delayed by the weather, and I have now mist two or three 
fits, yet I am so hurried by importunity, to set out this morning upon 
the commission into the Narrowganset country (to what publick good 
I cannot tell) that I can but in extreme hast salute you, and give you 
thankes for yours by Cary, who after a long voyage arrived but on the 


17th of this instant. Your letter I had not, ilor heard anything till next 
day late at night, which was Saturday, and so I have no opportunity to 
step to Boston, but must send both yours and Captain Richards' letter 
inclosed to the Governor. I hear Gary brings newes of Joles's arival 
somewhere in the West ; it much troubles me he was not with you 
before you wrote, for methinks every letter is empty till you can take 
notice of ours by Joles, and then give us an account of our affayres, 
as influenced by your new powers and instructions, and I mistake not 
if your heart and hands prove not fuller of buisnesse and sorrow then 
hitherto you have found. I know no way for ourselves or you, but 
fayth and submission to the holy will of God. Great revolutions I 
see are hastening every where, and since our poor Corporation is like 
to outlive the charter of so famous a citty as London, we must com- 
pose ourselves with the lesse regret to expect and entertain our own 

" I am alwayes as urgent as I can to get supplies returned to you, 
and hope you will not be straitned, for if what the Treasurer sends 
(which is with some difficulty,) fall short at present, yet on your own 
credits you may take up for your personal expences, and assure your- 
selves that for that you shall not be left in the lurch, and as for other 
expences, pray ever remember what in several former letters I have 
sayd. Cheapen nothing, much lesse give earnest, for there can be no 
market for you. You will find it a lesse inconvenience by farre to 
leave that matter off* before it bee further meddled with, then to pro- 
ceed in it. Take that course therefore, I beseech you, and with all 
earnestnesse intreat you. Matter not though there be some perso- 
nall disadvantage to yourselves, and if ever you were sullen, resolve 
to be so in this thing, let them say what they will, and if we have 
unhappily involved and intricated you, we will talk of it when God 
sends you. 

" I suppose Mr. Braden will write to you in answer to you about 
his Island, which he would sell, it is allready mortgaged to the Hay- 
mans of Charlestown. He and his wife grow extreme sottish, and 


alter for the worse every day. The Island must quickly goe one 
way or other. I prayd him before he sent to you he would let me 
see what quantity of acres he makes it to extend to, and what rent 
he will estimate it at to you, ayming to give Major Thompson an ac- 
count of it, and possibly by the next I may examine Harry Mare 
about its worth and rent. Pray if it be put into your hand let the 
Major have the refusall thereof, and covet not to oversell it, a just 
and equal price will thrive best with both seller and buyer. Excuse 
me to the Major that I cannot now write to him, and let him know 
that I propose it to him to be a chapman, for I know nothing so likely 
that is here to be bought, so that the price bee not too high. 

" Your fears lest many of your acquaintance should be removed by 
death are not without cause, for we are frequently following our 
freinds to the grave ; the last was Mr. Kellond, who shall be the next 
God knowes ; he that is ready will have great cause of joy when his 
turn comes. 

" There are severall passages here which I wish you knew, but 
I cannot rake them together, but hope that one way or other the 
most material will come to your notice, though you will now more 
than ever find Solomon's words true, that he that increaseth know- 
ledge increaseth sorrow. I cannot now write to Capt. Kichards, nor 
to Mr. Collins, but intreat their excuse and present my most affec- 
tionate respects and service to them, and to my worthy friend Dr. 
Cox, and all others. 1 shall call at your house by and by, having ap- 
pointed the Boston Gentlemen to call [on] me there. The God of 
heaven delight in you, to improve you, protect you, and return you, 
and that he that so prayes may see it thus and rejoyce in it, is the 
further most earnest request of, Dearest Sir, 

Your true freind and faithfull servant, 
Aug. 20th, '83. William Stoughton. 

" 1 hear nothing of my worthy friend Mr. Saltonstall, pray remem- 
ber me most affectionately to all in Pater noster Row." 





" To our honoured agents, 
Joseph Dudley & John 
Richards, Esqrs. 

at London." 

"To our Honoured Agents, Joseph Dudley & John Richards, 

" Besides the universall thanks of an whole colony, which your faith- 
full and constant endeavours for the preservation of our immunitys 
call for, and most really deserve, and our hearts and hands joyne in ; 
Wee, your poore neighbours in Brain trey, inhabitants, thinke ourselves 
bound to render our particular thankes for your most nervous and suit- 
able answer exhibited to his Sacred Majesty and Council, to sundry 
reports exhibited and insinuated by Richard Thayer, of our Towne, 
whose indeavours to persuade his Majestic and Council that wee are 
discontented with or tyrannized over by this government, is utterly 
false. That wee have sworne loyaltie yourselves can attest, which is 
more than ever hee practized if ever hee promised. Neither is it 
likely that hee that layes a traine to blow up the reputation, liberty, 
and rights of his poore neighbours, would (like another Faux,) refuse 

to put fire in a more desperate case. Had wee any complaints to 
make, (as meane as wee are,) wee could find more manly advocates 

yet not so sordid, as (if possibly to bee avoided and evaded,) to admitt 
such a bramble to rule over us. 

" Wee (as to the Commission sent over) have attended it. Some- 
things are to bee practised, not disputed, of which nature this is. By 

what this Mr. Thayer, (as your Honours please to call him,) is buoyed 



up wee cannot see, but hee lookes like a litle Soveraigne here before 
the power bee in his hands ; and of a raushrome hees swolne in con- 
ceipt to a coloss or giant of state, and dreames of a dukedome or petty 
province, since at first essay hee hath gotten a maistershippe. His 
father's shoppe, who was a cobler, would now hardly conteine him with 
his armes a kembow. The vast tract of land hee makes such a puther 
about, is a meere Utopia, or if more a derne solitary desert, and his 
share therein can hardly reach the five hundredth part. As for the 
limits of the Colonys wee have nothing but records. They haveing 
beene stated by a speciall order from his Majesty above twenty five 
years since, and disputable only by Mr, Thayer, who having sold him- 
selfe out of both Colonies, seekes to draw in Sovereign e asistance to 
create him a new world betweene them. The body of the towne are of 
one soule as to satisfaction in the present Government, and looke at 
themselves as basely traduced by Thayer's reports, whose cards, had 
they beene good, hee had the less need of cheating, fraud and falshood, 
to helpe him out. If any whose birth or breeding Braintry knows not, 
have crept into the skirts of our scattering towne at unawares, such and 
such only can wee suspect of willingness to alter the present Govern- 
ment, whose despicable fortunes and spirits by such innovations may 
bee heightned to doe their innocent neighbours a mischiefe and them- 
selves no good. Our consciences doe not chide us for disloyalty, nor 
our SovKRKiGNE. Nor are wee afraid to looke our neighbour in the 
face, having hopes to bee believed in our reports as well as hee, who 
hath given out such vapouring words as are suflUcient to make an host 
of cowards run out of their wits, but wee hope none of us shall step 
out of the Colony. The same clemency that hath appeared in our 
Sovereigne to lend an eare to a single complaint, wee hope will not bee 
stopt at the petitions of many hundreds living and thousands unborne, 
for the continuance of our wonted liberties, according to our ample 
Charter, by the Royall James and by Charles the first, of blessed mem- 
ory, and by our present and most celebrated Sovereigne continued, 
and which wee have never violated. Wee cease not, day nor night, to 


pray for his Royall person, our great defender under God, and for 
his most Honourable Council. Neither doe wee forget your Ho- 
nours, our most faithfull Advocats, but begge the Most High to se- 
cure your persons, succeed and prosper your consultations, dis- 
patch your affaires and hasten your returne, that thousands who at 
3f our departure disbursed floods of teares, may once at length embrace 
you with an ocean of joy. 

Your Honours affectionately obliged servants, 

Richard Brackett, 
Edmund Quinsey, 
Samuel Tompson, 
Braintry, New England, Christopher Webbe, 

14th: f>th: 1683. Caleb Hobart." 



" These 

For the Worshipfull Joseph Dudley, Esqr. 
Leave this at Mr. Soame's at the 
Black Bell, at the West end of 
St. Paul's. London. 

f) Mr. Peter Clarke, L. D. C." 

August 16th, 1683. 
" Honoured Sir, 

" Your br. p brother] Bulkley being in the Country, (and as I sup- 
pose) diligently improveing a certaine instrument called the Rake, com- 
mandes me to inclose this to yourselfe : And that I may not give you a 
blanke ; shall onely tell you that about a weeke since there arrived at 
Nantasket the Constant Warwick, in which ship came Collonel Don- 
gan, Governor of New Yorke, with a considerable retinue, and yes- 


terday began his journey for New Yorke, accompanyed with this 
troope to Dedham, besides several I other gents of the towne ; yester- 
day also worthy Mr. Rogers, was installed President of the Har. Col- 
lege at Cambridge, and yesterday morning also Mr. Thos, Kellond, 
departed this life, after about 2 nights and one daye's sickness. Cary 
is not yet arived, though expected every day. Sir, I am ashamed 
that I have beene so long silent, but the long sickness and ex- 
quisite paines of the stone which I have beene labouring under for 
almost the space of one yeare, hope may plead my excuse, especially 
with a person so good and ready to overlooke all neglects. Please 
to give my humble service to Capt. Richards, and assure yourselfe 
that I am as ever, 

Your most faithful] friend and humble servant, 

John Hayward." 



" These, 

For the Honorable 
Joseph Dudley, Esq. 
President of the 
Honorable Counsel 
in N. England." 

[1687 or 8.] 
" Honourable Sir, 

" The Indians belonging to Hassanamesit, who are bearers hereof, 
doe complaine to mee, (but I have no power to releeve them,) that one 
Edward Pratt a pretended purchaser from John Wompus, deceased, 
hath lately actually built a house within their towneship of 4 miles 
square, and very neare unto their orchards and planting feilds ; at 


which they are agreved, and when they askehim the reason of his actions 
hee saith that he hath friends lately com over and in power that wil 
bear him out in it. Besides as I am informed this felow sells the 
Indians strong liquors. He is as I aprehend rather to bee reputed 
a disorderly wandering rouge then a sober person ; hee is a single 
man and hath neither wife nor child. These are humbly to intreat 
you to direct the Indians what shal be don in the case, and please to 
send a warrant for said Pratt and here his pretensions for his doings, 
and proceed with him as you shal see meet in your wisdom e. If it 
were in my power or limmetts I should not give your Honor this 

" Also these Indians desire they may bee furnished with some pow- 
der and shott to defend them from the Maquars, which they are in 
dayley feare of, and are at present removed to Mendon, but intend 
as soon as they get som powder and shot and a litle corne they in- 
tend to returne to their fort at Hassanamesit. If your [honor] please 
to order them to receve 6 lb. of powder, and shott equivalent, it 

may suffice. 

So with my humble service 

presented, I remaine, your servant, 

Daniel Gookin." 




" JAMES the Second by the Grace of God of England, Scotland, 
France and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, &c. 

To OUR TRUSTY and well beloved Joseph Dudley, William Stough- 
ton and Peter Buckley, Esqrs. Our Justices to hold Pleas before 

* Transcribed from the original deed on parchment, lioving the Great Seal 


US assigned Samuel! Shrimpton and Sjmon Lynds, Greeting ; Know 
yee, that wee have assigned you and any three of you ; whereof either 
of you the aforesaid Joseph Dudley, William Stoughton and Peter 
Buckley, wee will to be one ; our Justices to enquire by the oaths 
of good and lawfull men of our County of Suffolke, within our ter- 
ritory and dominion of New England, of all and whatsoever Fel- 
lonyes, Robberyes, Murthers and Confederacies comitted in or upon 
the Sea or in any other Haven, River, Creeck, or place where the 
Admirall hath or pretends to have power, authority or jurisdiction. 
And also, all Crymes and Offences comitted by any person or per- 
sons that shall any way knowingly entertaine, harbour, conceale, trade 
or hold any correspondence by letter or otherwise, with any person or 
persons that shall be deemed and adjudged to be Privateeres, Pirates, 
or other Offenders within the construction of one Act lately made 
within this his Majestie's Dominion, entituled, an Act against Pyrates 
and for prevencion of Pyracy, or that shall not readily endeavour to 
the best of his or their power to apprehend or cause to be appre- 
hended such Offender or Offenders. AND the same Fellonyes, Rob- 
berys, Murthers, Conferacyes, Crymes, and Offences, and other the 
premises, for this time to heare and determine according to the lawes 
and customes of our Kingdome of England and of this our Territory 
and Dominion of New England, in like forme and condition ; (as if any 
such offence had beene comitted on the land.) AND THEREFORE 
Wee command you that att a certaine day and place which you or 
any three of you, whereof either of you ; the aforesaid Joseph Dud- 
ley, William Stoughton and Peter Buckley, wee will to be one ; 
shall for that purpose appoint; You diligently make enquiry concern- 
ing the premises and all and singuler the premises heare and deter- 
myne ; and to doe and accomplish those things in forme aforesaid 
thereupon to be done, which to Justice apperteyneth according to the 
law and custome of our Kingdome of England, and of this our Terri- 
tory and Dominion of New England aforesaid. Saveing to us the 
Amerciamencs and other things to us thereupon belonging. ALSOE, 


Wee command Our Sherriffe of our County aforesaid That att a cer- 
taine day and place, which you or any three of you ; whereof either of 
you the said Joseph Dudley, William Stoughton and Peter Buckley, 
wee will to one ; to shall make known unto him, hee cause to come 
before you or any three of you ; whereof either of you the said Joseph 
Dudley, William Stoughton and Peter Buckley, wee will to be one ; 
such and soe many good and lawfull men of his Bayly wick by whome 
the truth of the matter may be the better known and enquired. 

"IN TESTIMONY WHEREOF, wee have caused the greate 
seale of our territory and dominion of New England to be here- 
unto affixed. Witnesse, Sir Edmund Andros, Knight, our Captain 
Generall, Governour in Chiefe and Vice Admirall of our Territory 
and Dominion aforesaid. Att Boston the Eighteenth day of August, 
in the third year of our Raigne. 

Annoq. Dni. 1687. John West, 

D. Secry." 



" To the Honorable Coll. Joseph Dudley, 
One of his Majestie's Councill and 
Chiefe Judge of the Superiour 
Court of Pleas, in 

New England, att 
Rhoad Island." 

Boston, Oct. 5th, 1687. 

" The inclosed Peticion was this day read in Councill, where few had 
any particuler knowledge of the matter therein contained, and his Excel- 
lency not willing to make any order thereupon ex parte, the same is 


referred to you to doe therein as may be proper. Soe farr as I un- 
derstand the controversie on both hands is for vacant lands on pre- 
tence of Indian purchases only and in parts as yett wholy unsettled, 
and least his Majestie's interrest should be prejudiced thereby, it may 
not possibly either be thought improper or illegal to defer or sus- 
pend proceedings at Law on such uncertaino and doubtfull cases and 
titles, till his Excellency receive some informacion therein or settle- 
ment of those parts, all which [I] am commanded to lay before you, as 
alsoe the matter about Hogg Island, claymed by Mr. Smith, in which 
if proper to proceed think the sci, fac, not well brought. 

" Mr. Broadstreet was this day ordered to be released from his 
confinement, on security to appeare att Salem Court, and in the 
meane time to be of his good behaviour. Capt. George is arrived 
att Nantasket. His Excellency something better, and hope before 
you returne will be perfectly well. My humble service is to yourself 
and Collonel Bulkley ; wishing you a pleasant journey, remaine. 

Sir, Your Assured fTriend 
and humble servant, 

John West." 

" The persons concerned in the within Peticion* much depend on 
the account and evidence John Smith can give in their behalfe, who is 
imployed in his Majestie's service, and his Excellency would not have 
their case suffer by his absence." 

* The Petition referred to, is not among the papers. 




" For CoUonel Dudley, at his 
Lodgings at the Vine, 
in Brewar's Yard, 

St. James." 

Worsley Hall, Friday Night, 

November the 21, (? 1697.) 
" Dear Sir, 

" To show you how ready I am to serve you, when it lye in my 
power, meeting with my cosen James, at Winchester, this day, he 
assured me of his resolution not to stand, and 1 proposed you, he 
readyly assented to it, and told me he had mentioned you to CoUo- 
nel Stephens for supplying his place, who will be allso your freind, 
but there are some others we are doubtfull off, therefore if you value 
the service, I desire you would take horse and be here with my ser- 
vant Sunday night, for a Munday I would by all means have you 
in the Island, [Isle of Wight] though I think it necessary you call here, 
that my cosen Worsley, and you, and I, may settle some matters for 
secureing the Election. My cosen leaves me Munday, and our 
Election being probably the middle of next week, you must not 
loose an houre's time, which has made me send up one of my ser- 
vants to you, that you might not fail of due notice. You must not 
defferr takeing horse Sunday Morning, for the whole success will 
depend on the quickness of our management. I shall ad no more, 
but referr till I see you, and am 

Your sincere humble Servant, 

Rob. Worsley." 

" We are much soUicited for another, but since one our old mem- 
bers lys down, nothing shall make us quit your interest, though we 
shall not compass it without you hasten." 



LORD CUTT8, [GoV, of the IsU of Wtffht,) TO JOSEPH DUDLEY, 

(Lieut. Governor,) 


" For his Majesty's Service, 
To the honble 

Coll. Dudley, Lt. Governour 

of the Isle of Wight." 
" Free. 


St. James's, May 14th, 1700. 
" Sir, 

" I desire you to assist Mrs. Hampton with present necessarys^ 
(wch Morris is order'd by this to repay you out of Parke-farm- 
Rents,) pray doe this a little promptly, and it shall be made up in 
your affaires here. 

" Our Grand affayres are yet undecided, we in great expectation. 
I am not idle in your affaires. Be as zealous for 


Your humble Servant, 


Lord Cornbury, ( Governor of the Province of New York,) to 


Albany, July the 11th, 1702. 

" Sir, 

" By an expresse arrived here yesterday from New York, I re- 
ceived your letter of the 29th June last, with the packets from Eng- 
land, those directed Southwards I have sent back to York, with di- 
rections to forward them as directed ; I am glad you are taking care 


of the Eastern Indians, I wish you good suecesse in it, T will use my 
endeavours to keep those in our parts as steady as I can to our Mis- 
tresse's interest ; the five nations will be here on Munday, and in 
the mean time since I came hither, which was on Wednesday last, I 
have had with me five of the farr Indians called the Twichtwich and 
Dionondadee Indians, who have lately made a sort of a treaty with 
our five nations. I have made them some small presents in hopes to 
gain them over to our interest, which will be of considerable advan- 
tage with respect to the Beaver trade ; as for the reflecting speech of 
my Lord Bellomont's which you mention, I never heard of it, but 
would be glad to see it, because I have seen many remarkable things 
of that noble Lord's. I find all things here in a most wretched con- 
dition, the fort ready to tumble downe, noe arms, powder, shott nor 
flints in store. Coll. Romer has received £200, and has done £5 
worth of work, and that soe ill, that a child would be ashamed of it, 
and to crowne that whole matter, has failed of meeting me here ac- 
cording to my order and his promise, at a time when by the lei- 
sure I have had, I should have done more in four days than I shall be 
able to doe at another time in a fortnight. I shall inform the Govern- 
ment at home of his neglect, and will appoint other people here to 
doe the Queen's businesse, which will not be much to his advantage. 
As soon as my businesse here with the Indians is over, I will give you 
an account of what passes, in the mean time I intreat the favour of 
you to believe that I am, with great truth, 


Your Excellency's most faithfull humble Servant, 

Coll. Dudlky." 

* Edward Hyde, Viscount Cornbury, was the son and heir of Henry Hyde, 
second Earl of Clarendon, who died in 1709, when Edward succeeded to the title 
as Earl of Clarendon ; he died in 1728, and leaving no male issue, was succeeded 
by his cousin and heir, Henry Hyde, second Earl.of Rochester, at whose death in 
1758, the honors in that family became extinct. 


Lord Cornbury to Joseph Dudley. 

Now York, lOber, 16th, 1702. 
'" Sir, 

" I here send your Excellency the printed votes of our Generall 

Assembly, which is adjourned to the first Tuesday in Aprill next, by 

them you will see what wee have been doing. I am very unfortunate 

to find this Government extreamly in debt by my Lord Bellomont's 

and Captain Nanfan's mismanagement, soe that the people of this 

Province are really not able to doe what they would otherwise doe 

for the defence of this Country, though I doe really believe they 

will do as much as they are able. I hope the people of the Province 

under your command will doe the same, and that they will grow 

sensible how happy they may be under your administration if they 

please. I have noe news to entertain your Excellency with, else 

should not fail to impart it to you. I thank God we are very healthy 

again, I hope this letter will find you soe. I am, with great respect. 

Your Excellency's* 

Most faithfull humble servant, 

" Coll. Dudley. Cornbury." 

* The first Englishman who bore the title of " Excellency," was Robert 
Dudley, Earl of Leicester ; conferred upon him by the Dutch, when he went over 
to the Low Countries to aid them and the Protestant cause. Queen Elizabeth 
was much incensed at his accepting this title, without having first conferred with 
her. In the State Paper Office, London, is the following in the handwriting of Lord 
Burleigh^s Secretary, — " Heades of a letter to my Lord of Leycester, 1585, Jan. 

IV." ** That hir Majesty is offended with the title of Excellency geven to his 

Lordship, and therefore yt is lykely that she will mislyke of the authority that 
the States have geven him over there." 



" Grant of 250/. 

New Hampshire." 

Seal of 
the Privy 

" At the Court of St. James's 

the nth Day of December, 1702, 
The Queens Most Excellent Majesty 
in Councill." 

" Upon reading this day at the Board a Representation from the 
Lords Commissioners of Trade and Plantations, dated the third 
of this month, setting forth that the Generall Assembly of Her 
Majesty's Province of New Hampshire have lately passed an Act 
for granting a tax of Five Hundred Pounds to Her Majesty ; 
Her Majesty in Councill is pleased to approve the same and to 
order. That Joseph Dudley, Esqr., Governor of New Hampshire, 
be permitted to receive to his own use the sum of Two hundred and 
Fifty pounds, according to the said Act. 

Edward Southwell." 

It is somewhat singular that Dudley's nephew, Sir Philip Sydney, was the first 
person for whom a public mourning was ordered. Gough, in his Sepulchral 
Monuments, says " The first instance of a general public mourning among us is 
presumed to have been for this accomplished hero ; ^ so general,' says the author 
of his life, prefixed to his Arcadia, *■ was the lamentation for him, that for many 
months after, it was accounted indecent for any gentleman of quality to appear at 
Court or City in any light or gaudy apparel." 

(See Collins' 8 Memoirs of the Sidneys.) 



Seal of the 

Lord High 


" Orders about Byfield." 

"His Royall Highness Prince 
George of Denmark, &c., Lord 
High Admirall of England, 
Ireland, &c., And of all Her Majesty's 
Plantations, &c.. And Generalissimo 
of all Her Majesty's Forces, 

" To Coll. Joseph Dudley, Governor of New England, 

PovEY, Esq., Lieut. Governor, or any 

two of the Councill of New England. 

** By Virtue of the Power and authority given to the Lord High 
Admirall of England, or to the Commissioners for executing the 
Office of Lord High Admirall of England, by an Act of Parliament 
made in the first year of their late Majesties King William and Queen 
Mary, entituled an Act for abrogating the Oaths of Supremacy and 
allegiance, and appointing other Oaths ; I doe hereby direct and de- 
pute you to administer and tender the Oaths and Test appointed by- 
Act of Parliament, unto Nathaniel Byfield, Esq., Judge of the Ad- 
miralty within ,the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, New Hampshire, 
Rhode Island, Providence Plantation, and the Narraguasett Country 
or King's Province, whose Commission comes herewith, and see 
that he takes the said Oaths and subscribes the said Test before you 
deliver him his Commission, And return to my Secretarys his sub- 
scription of the said Test, together with a Certificate under your 
hands, of his having taken the said Oaths. Given under My Hand 
and Seal this 3d day of January, 1703. 


" By Command of His Royall Highness, 

Geo. Clark." 


Lord Cornbury to Joseph Dudley. 

New York, January the 21, 170 f. 
" Sir, 

" I had the favour of yours of the 4th instant on the 18th. I am 
glad to find by it that you are quiet at present, I hope you may con- 
tinue soe ; I should not have been soe long without writing to your 
Excellency, but that 1 was detained in Jersey, a considerable time 
longer than I expected ; 1 find that Country much divided, but I hope 
in a little time to compose matters there. I had some days agoe let- 
ters from Albany, by which I am informed that some of our Indians 
have met with some French Indians upon the Lake, who have told 
them that the French have a design either upon our Northern fron- 
tiers, or upon some place to the Eastward, but they were not sure 
which ; as soon as I hear farther your Excellency shall be acquainted 
with it ; in the mean time I have ordered Colonell Schuyler to send 
to your upper towns if occasion require. We have noe news to en- 
tertain you with, soe shall conclude, wishing a happy new year, with 
the addition of many more. I am 

Your Excellency's most humble servant, 

Coll. Dudley. Cornbury." 


Boston, 29th August, 1704. 

" May it please your Excellency, 

" 1 have nothing to add to mine by the Express on Lord's day past, 
onely that on that day in the time of afternoon exercise, two of the 
Pirates, viz., Richardson and Laurance, one a Jerseyman belonging 


to Salem, and the other to Marblehead, escaped out of the prison 
yard, breaking through into Madam Eyre's yard ; they tooke a boat 
from a sloop lying at a wharffe and rowed over to Winnisimmet, 
and when they came to Lynn hired horses. Willard has bin at Mar- 
blehead in pursuit after them with a hue-en-cry from the Honorable 
the Lieut. Governor, but could not find them ; he has sent the hue- 
en-cry forward. It is likely they are gone eastward. 

" Here is no news from any of the parts, nor any vessell arrived 
from abroad, onely one from Surinam. 

" I detain the Hatfield post for your Excellency's letters, which I 
suppose may be here to day. I wish your Excellency health and 
-safe return, and am 

Sir, your Excellency's most obedient 

faithful servant, 

L S. C. Addington." 

" Before the sealing hereof I received your Excellency's letters by 
the return of the Express, and shall observe your Excellency's com- 
mands therein." 


New York, March, 11th, 170 i- 

" Yesterday I had the favour of your Excellency's letter of the 7th 
instant, by which I find that Mr. Levingston has raised a report in 
Connecticut as if the Mohack Indians, which are one of our five 
nations, did intend to fall upon the Mohegin Indians. I look upon 
this report to be an invention of Levingston's to frighten Owaneco 


into a comply ance with his father-in-law ; but that your Excellency 
may be more certain of the truth, I will send to morrow up to Al- 
bany directions to Colonell Schuyler to inquire if there is any design 
of that nature among the Mohacks, and if there is all care immaginable 
shall be taken to prevent the execution of it. I intreat your Excel- 
lency to believe that I shall be always ready to doe any service in 
my power, being 

Your Excellency's 

Most faithfull humble servant, 

" Col. Dudlby. Cornbury.'* 



" Coppy to my Lord Cornbury 
about his Indians." 

"I have past this Sumer pretty well with my French and In- 
dian neighbours, many of whome are loging on the back of Wenepis- 
eoco Lake upon the waters of Conecticot River in this Province. I 
beleive I shall labour to disprest them from Coasset and parts adja- 
cent. I hope none of your Lordship's depending Indians will be 
found amongst them ; them of Coasset are some of the hardiest 
of the enemy and have kept severall English prisoners there the last 
year. Your Lordship has all the good news from Europe, which 
gives so great advancement and honour to her Majesty and the 
JSnglish armes. I am, 

my Lord, Your Excellency's 

Most faithfull servant, 

J. D." 




New London, July 4th, 1706. 
" Sir, 

" I have your letter of the 1st instant which consists of severall 
paragraphs, but it is not mentioned that his Excellency has ordered 
that party of English and Indians to returne that have soe disorderly 
withdrawn themselves out of this Government. What is mentioned 
of the Indians being put by their planting and improvements is 
utterly false, they being supported here with the greatest care and 
incouragement. Mr. Mason's pretentions to be procurator and Guar- 
dian to the Moheages, (which you mention) are idle and impertinent 
and does very much debauch them and obstructs her Majesty e's ser- 
vice in this Government, and I know noe right they have to dispose 
of their service but in their domesticall occations, and in all their 
motions abroad they are to be directed by the Government, as I pre- 
sume these Indians are in the Province of the Mattathu setts. Her 
Majestye's recommendation to this Government for assistance is best 
interpreted by themselves, who will doe what they are able, having 
marched a detachment of sixty men into the County of Hampshire, 
which are now there, and strive with great difficulty to assist your 
Province to the oppression of our people. What is added in your 
letter of one hundred Mattathuset men come into this Government, 
is unknowne here, and I have ordered whatever yong men are found 
in this Government belonging to Hampshire, that they be imme- 
diately sent home, and if his Excellency please to point to me any 
persons that have deserted her Majesty's service they shall be secured. 
I must insist still that his Excellency will returne that party of English 
and Indians marched into his Province, being more than can be spared 
from our sea-coast. Pray give my service to his Excellency. I 
mourne for his illnes, and heartely wish for his recovery. 

I am, Sir, Your Affectionate Servant, 


Mr. Secretary Addington." 




" On her Majesty's Service, 
To his Excellency Collonel Joseph Dudly, 
Capt. Generall and Governor of her 
Majesty e's Province of the Massachusets 
Bay and New Hampshiere, &;c.'' 

Rhoad Island, August, 2 1st, 1707. 

I have your Excellency's of the 18th currant, with Collonell 
Wanton's commission, and one other for a Capt. I have tendred 
Collonell Wanton his commission, who is very thankfull for your 
favour and the honour tendred him, but will not recieve it, by rea- 
son heare is no men offeres themselves to be under his command. 
Though I have with him taken abundance of care and paines, giveing 
all the incouragement I could upon your Excellency's words, but all 
to noe purpose, theare appearing (contrary to my expectation) such a 
generall discouragement and cry of the people against sending of any 
more men, that I am surprised to heare it. 

" Severall evill and disaffected persons, (both heare and in your 
Excellency's province,) as I am informed have made it there business 
to infuse into the people's minds that the whole designe is nothing 
but treachery, and to sacrifise her Majesty's subjects, with other scur- 
rilous and base reflections. 

" Sir, I am heartily trobled that I ever motioned Collonell Wan- 
ton to your Excellency, fearing the disappointment may be hurtfull 
to your designes, but the flud is broake out and the currant runs with 
such vyolence, that all the saile I can make will not carry me against 
it, tho' I am still endevering with the help of such oares as I have, 
to get ahead, but I feare to little purpose. I pray your Excellency's 


advice and directions in what I am capable to serve you, which I 
shall readily observe to the utmost of my power. 

" Had or should Collonell Wanton proceed, he would be disap- 
pointed for want of the Comissary's Letter of Credite, which your 
Excellency signified he would send by the last post, but was omitted, 
he hath been at some charge already in fitting his sloop, &c., and if 
he do not, or doth proceed, I hope your Excellency will cause him to 
be reimburst. Collonell Wanton seemes to be much dissattisfied, and 
teles me he had rather have lost a hundred pound than his name 
should have been mentioned and not to proceed credibly. 

I am, Your most obliged humble servant, 

Saml. Cranston." 



" For his Excellency 
Joseph Dudley, Esq., Capt. 
Genl. and Govr. in Cheif of her 
Maj. Province of Mattathusets, 
New Hampshire, 

At Portsmouth." 

Boston, October, 20th, 1707. 
" Sir, 

" 1 was surprised last Wedensday with a terrible feavour and 
ague, and twas soe hard upon me that I can scarce goe about the 
roome, which makes it impossible to waite upon you at Salem, as 
your letter mentions, but the ships being now come in, tis possible 


you may think it best to shorten your journy directly hither, and 
besides, there is sorrow at Mr. Dudley's that wants to be comforted, 
and I shall myself (as every body) be impatient till you are de- 
livered from the hardship of your journey. I wish to you, your 
owne desires, and am 

Your Excellency's most faythfuU 

and affectionate servant, 

Gov. Dudley. J. Winthrop." 

{The following is in the handwriting of Gov, Joseph Dudley, but 
without signature, date* or superscription,) 

" I was extraordinarily troubled and concernd that the intended 
meeting of his late Exey. the Earl of Bellomont, Governor Blakis- 
ton and myself, was disappointed ; but I humbly propose that all 
those Governors who have immediate commissions under his Ma- 
jesty on this Continent may meet together as soon as possible, in 
order to consult about this affair of the Indian trade, as allso concern- 
ing other for his Majesty's interest and service. But if Proprietor or 
Charter-Governors should be there, to be sure their own interests 
and service would be their main design ; for I suppose some of the 
principal things which we should consult about, would be the great 

* Eyidently between the years lYOO and 1702. 


prejudice it is to his Majesty's interest and service to have Charter 
and Proprietor-Governments, and humbly to represent the reasons 
thereof, as allso how they may be remedy ed. As to the first, it can- 
not be expected that those Governors will join with us ; nor is it 
in the least convenient that they should know the reasons either 
against them or how they may be remedied. If the Charter and 
Proprietor-Governors should be ordered to be at such a meeting, 
they would make a great use of it with their people, that his Majesty 
owns them as Governors, though they have not comply with the Acts 
of Parliament for taking the oaths, particularly that of a Governor, 
for duly observing all the Acts of trade and navigation, and that 
nothing can be done at least without some of them as was reported 
in Pensylvania, upon his late Excellency the Earl of Bellomont's, 
Governor Blackiston's, and my being to meet there, and that his 
Majesty had ordered us to wait on Mr. Pen. 

" But if they are not there, the people might take it that they 
were slighted, and that his Majesty did not think them qualified by- 
law as they ought to be, or that they were not to be made use of 
by his Majesty or protected by him, as the other Governors were, 
who have the honor to have his Majesty's immediate commission. 
It might discourage their own people, and be a means to make them 
uneasy under their Government, and fly to his Majesty for protection, 
as on the other hand it might be an incouragement to those under the 
Government of his Majesty. 

If your Lordships please. Col. Quary can give you an account of 
these affairs, being so desired by him who is 

Your Lordships most obliged 

and faithfull humble servant. 




*^* The following Pedigrees are compiled from communications 
received by me, in or about the year 1848, from various descendants 
of Governor Dudley ; in addition to which I have made such amend- 
ments or corrections as presented themselves on a thorough examina- 
tion of the early Church and Town Records of Boston, Roxbury and 
New London. 




THOMAS DUDLEY, Gov. of Mass. (First Major General of 
Mass.) b. in England, 1576, d. July, 1653, (buried 31 July.)— 
DOROTHY, his 1st wife, d. in N. E. Dec. 1643, (buried 27 Dec.) 
—CATHERINE, his 2nd wife, widow of Saml. Hackburne, m. 14 
April, 1644. (She afterwards m. Rev. John Allen, of Dedham.)* 

I. Samuel, (Rev.) b. in England, 1606, m. 1683, Mary, da. of Gov. Jno. Win- 
throp, and d. 1683, ^t. 77.— Mary, his wife, d. 12 April, 1643, at 
Salisbury. — Mary .... his 2nd wife m. end of 1643, or beginning 
of 1 644. — .... his 3rd wife. 

Had issue 18 children. (^See Pedigree O.) 

II. Ann, b. in Eng. 1612-13, m. Gov. Simon Bradstreet, in 1628, d. in Andover, 
16 Sept. 1672, ^t. 60.— Simon B. her husband, b. in Eng. 1603, 
d. 27 Mar. 1697. (He m. 2dly a daughter of Emanuel Downing and 
grand-daughter of Adam Winthrop, of Groton. 
Had issue 8 children. (See Pedigree H.) 

III. Patience, m. Major Gen. Danl. Dennison, of Massachusetts, d. 1690. — Danl. 

Dennison, her husband, d. 1682. 

Had issue 2 children. (See Pedigree I.) 

IV. Mercy, b. 1621, m. Rev. Jno. Woodbridge, of Newbury, in 1639, d. 1691. 

— Jno. Woodbridge, her husband, b. 1618, d. 17 Mar. 1695. 
Had issue lH children. (See Pedigree K.) 

V. Sarah, m. Major Benj. Keayne, of Boston, (who d. 1668.) Divorced in 

1647, and she afterwards m. . . . Pacye, d. 3 Nov. 1659. 
VI. Dorothy, who d. 27 Feb'y, 1643. 

haue hy Catherine or Katheriney widow of Saml. Hackburne^ or Ilagburne. 

VII. Dkborah, b. 27 Feb 1644-45, d. unmarried. 

VIII. Joseph, Gov. of Mass. L. Gov. of I. of Wight, tmdjlrst Ch. Justice of New 
York, b. 23d Sept. 1647, m. 1668, Rebekah, dau. of EdwM Tyng, 
and d. 2d April, 1720.— Rebekah, his wife b. 13 July, 1651, d. 21 
Sept. 1722. (She was twin sister of wife of Rev. Sam. Willard.) 
Had issue 13 children. (See Pedigree L.) 
IX. Paul, b. Sep. 1650, (baptized 8 Sept.) m. Mary, dau. of Gov. Jno. Leverett, 
d. in 1681-2, JEt. 81. Will dated 10 Feb. l&Sl-l.—Had «««««, 

1. Paul, b. 4 Mar. 1677. {Boston Probate Records.) d. young. 

2. Thomas. (Willy Probate Office.) 

3. Paul, (posthumotifty) b. 26 April, 1682. {Boston Probate Records.) 

* Catherine, toidow of Thos. Dudley, m. 8 Nov. 1653, Rev. John Allen or Allin, of Dedham. 
She d. 29 Aug. 1671, and he d. 26 Aug. 1671. Bnried in one grave, at Dedham. — Issue, 

1. Benjamin, b. 11 Aug. 1654.— 2. Danniell, b. 31 July, 1655.— 3. Eliezer. b. 26 May, 1658. 





SAMUEL DUDLEY, (Rev.) Eldest son of Gov. Thomas Dudley, 
b. in EngUnd, 1606, settled in Exeter, in 1650, d. 1683, Mt. 77. 
— MARY, his wife, dau. of John Winthrop, (first Gov. N. E.) d. 
at Salisbury, 12 April, 1643. — Had issue, 

I. Thomas, baptized 9 Mar. 1634, d. 1 Nov. 1666. — Unmarried. 
II. John, " 28 June, 1636. 

III. Samuel, '* 2 Aug. 1639, d. 1 April, 1643. 

IV. Ann, born 16 Oct. 1641, m. Col. Edward Hilton, of Piscataqua, (son of the 

first settler of N. ^.)^A7id they hadistnie, 

1. Col. Winthrop, who was killed 4. Jane, m. Rich'd Matton. 

by the Indians, 23d June, 1710. 6. Ann, m. Rich'd Hilton. 

2. Dudley. 6. Mary, m. Joseph Hall. 

8. Joseph. 7. Sobriety, m.Jonathan Hilton. 

Ann, m. secondly, Ebenezer Pierpont, of Roxbury, and he survived her, 
(previous to 1*749.) 
V. Margaret, b. and d. unknown, (was an imbecile.) 

Samuel, m. 2ndly Mary, [da. of . . .] in 1643 or '44. — Had iaatie, 
VI. Theophilus, b. 4 Oct. 1644, d. 1713. s. p. 
VII. Mary, b. 1646. Obt. infans. 
VIII. BiLEY, b. 27 Sept. 1647, m. Elizabeth . . . Will prpved4Sept. 1728. s. p. 
IX. Mary, b. 6 Jan. 1649, m. Saml. Hardy, (a schoolmaster,) 24 Jan. 1676, 

and had, — 1. Theophilus. 
X. Timothy. 

XI. Stephen, b. about 1651, d. 1784, m. 24 Dec, 1684, Sarah, daughter of 
John Gilmore, b. 25 Feb. 1667, d. 24 Jan. 111%.— ffad issue, 

1. Samuel, b. 19 Dec. 1686. 

2. Stephen, b. 10 Mar. 168 J, m. Sarah Davison. — Had issue. (a.) 

3. James, b. 11 June, 1690, m. Sarah Folsom. — Had issue. (6.) 

4. John, b. 4 Oct. 1692. 

6. Nicholas, b. 27 Aug. 1694. 

6. Joanna, b. 8 May, 1696, m. Ferryman. 

7. Trueworthy. 

8. Joseph. 

9. Elizabeth, m. Oilman. 

10. Sarah, m. Oilman. 

Stephen, m. 2ndly Mary [ . . . ] — No children by her. 


SAMUEL DVDLEY.— (Continued,) 

Xn. James, b. 1663, m. Elizabeth Leavitt, d. 14 Nov. 17?0. a. p. 

XIII. Abigail, in. da. of ... . Watson. 

XIV. Elizabeth, m. Kinsley Hall, 25 Sept. 1074. From whom (among others,) 

is descended Gov. Langdon. 
XV. Dorothy, m. Moses Leavitt, 26 Oct. 1681. — Left irnme. 
XVI. Rebecca, m. Francis Lyford, 21 Nov. 1681. 

XVII. Thomas, (2nd) m. Mary ... He conveyed land to John Gilman, in 1697. 

XVIII. Samukl, (2nd) m. Hannah . . . His widow administered on his estate, 

8 May, 1718. In a deed to Moses Leavitt, he speaks of his brother 
Theophilus, as Adm'ron his hon'd father's (S. D.) estate. 

*»* Of the HOUR none but Stephen left children. 

Stephen Dudley, (son of Stephen, and grandson of Samuel, b. 10 Mar. 168|-, 
m. Sarah Davison. — Had ta«w«, 
I. Samuel. 

II. Stephen, (Deacon,) b. 14 Oct. 1724, m, Hannah Sanborn, (dau. of Benj. S.) 
b. 3 Feb. 1724, — moved to Gilmonton in 1764. — Had issue, 

1. Nicholas, settled in Barnstead; 

2. John b. 15 Sept. 1748, m. Olive Kimball, (dau. of John K. of Exeter,) 

16 Oct., 1771. — Had issue, 

1. Hannah, 4. Anne, 

2. Sarah, 5. Nathaniel, 

3. John, 6. Mary Light. 

3. Samuel, b. 9 Mar. 1761, m. Sarah Clough, 7 Nov. 1771. — Had issue, 

1, Samuel, 2. Abel. 

4. Mehitable. 

5. Daniel, settled in Alton. 

6. Stephen, " " 

7. Sarah, 

8. Peter, b. 19 Sept. 1767, m. Susan Louger, 14 Aug. 1788, b. 8 Mar. 

1764. — Had issue, 

1. Anna, 4. Susan, 

2. Hannah, 5. Nicholas Gilmor. 

3. Peter, 

III. Davison, 

IV. Margaret, 
V. Sarah, 

VI. Joanna, 
VII. Abigail. 



Samuel Dudley, (Son of James who m. Sarah FolsomJ b. 1*720, at Exeter, 
m. Ist Mis8 Ladd, — 2d Mrs. Sleeper, — 3d Mrs. Clark, — d. 80 Aufr. 1191, 
I. Daniel, b. 1745, at Raymond, d. 1810, Mt. Vernon, Me. m. Miss Dinsmore. 
— Had issue^ 

1. Daniel. 6 David, 

2. Thomas, 6. Mary, 

3. Moses, 7. Susan, 

4. Samuel, 8. Mehitable. 

II. Samuel, b. 1747, at Raymond, d. 1803, Pittston Me. ra. Sarah Young. 

III. MiCAJAH, b. 1750, '♦ d. 1789. 

IV. Jeremiah, b. 1758, '' d. 1838, Bath, N. Y. m. Elizabeth Turner, 

who d. 1835, at Bath. — Had issue, 

1. Mehitable, b. 1781, Redfield, Me. m. Jonathan Fluent. 

2. Jeremiah, b, 1783, " " d. 1807, Savannah, Ga. 

3. Mary, b. 1786, '* *' m. James Murphy and Jos. Moores. 

4. David, b. 1788, '* ** m. Elizabeth Watson. 

5. Betsey, b, 1790, Pittston, Me., d. 1838, Bath, N. Y. m. Samuel Legro. 

6. Lois, b. 1793, 

7. John, b. 1795, *' ** m. Elizabeth Rowe and Eliza Adams. 

8. Moses, b. 1797, *' *' m. Mary Atwood. 

9. Thomas J. b. 1800, '* '' Caroline Bull and Susan T. Bull. 
10. Benjamin V. b. 1803, Bangor, Me. m, Nancy Atwood. 

V. Moses, b. 1755, at Raymond, removed to Ohio, m. Miss Sleeper. 
VI. Eliphalet, b. 1769, *' '* West Virginia, m. Mary Gilman. 

VII. James, b. 1761, " d. 1809, Hampden, Me. m. Sybel Cheney. 

VIII. Mary, b. 1764, " d. 1815, Hallowell, Me. m. Mr. Haynes. 

IX. Mehitable, b. 1767, *' d. 1815, "■ " m. Mr. Stevens. 

X. Lydia, b. 1771, *' m. Mr. Ingham. 



ANN DUDLEY, b. in England, in 1612-13. m. in 1628. d. in 
Andover, 16 Sept. 1672. iEt. 60.— SIMON BRADSTREET, her 
husband, b. in England, in 1603. d. 27 Mar. 1697. (He m. secondly 
the sister of Sir George Downing.) — Had issue, 

I. Samuel Bradstreet, m. Mercy, da. of William Ting. — Had issuer 

1. Elizabeth, b. 29 Jan. 1663. 

2. Annie, b. 7 Nov. 1665. 
8. Mercy, b. 20 Nov. 1667. 
4. Ann, b. 8 Sept. 1670. 


ANN DUDLEY,— <Coii/mi««i.) 

II. SiMOX, baptfxed 24 Oct. Settled in MiDistryin New London, d. 1688. 
IlL DcDLKT, of And over, b. 1648. 

IT. John, b. in Andorer, 22nd July, 1652. Settled in Salem, m. Sarah Perkins 
11 June, 16V7. d. 11 Jan. 1 717-1 8.—^W iww*, 

1. John. 

2. Margaret. 

3. Samuel, b. 4 Aug. 1699. in. Elizabeth Day. (a.) 

4. Simon, b. 14 April, 1682, m. Elizabeth Capon. 12 Oct. 1711. (6.) 

V. Ann, m. Thomas Wiggln, of Exeter, in 1659. 

VI. Dorothy, m. Rev. Seaborn Cotton, of Hampton, 25 June, 1664, d. 26 Feb. 
1671. (d) 

VII. Hannah, m. Andrew Wiggiu, of Exeter, 14 June, 1669. 
VIII. Mart or Mercy, m. Nathaniel Wade of Medford, 11 Nov. 1672. 


Samuel Bradstrret, (son of John Bradstreet and Sarah Perkins,) m. EliMtibeth 
Bay, — Had isme^ 
I. Samuel, b. 8 Mar. 1729, m. Ruth Lawson, 6 Ap. I76:i, both d. in July, 
1777. Had six children. 
6. Moses, (youngest son,) b. 29 Aug. 1773. m. Lydia Peabody^ 7 May, 
1795. — Had issue, 

1. LYDIA, b. 6 Jan. 1796, m. Neheiniah PerkiuH, 4 May, 1817. 

2. Phebr, b. 10 Oct. 1798. 

.3. Cynthia, d. an infant in 1801 . 
4. Eunice, b. 23 Aug. 1801. 


Simon Bradstreet, (son of John, and grandson of Simon and Ann,) m. Elizabeth 
Capen, — Had isiuey 

I. John, 

II. Simon, 

III. Joseph, 

IV. Elizabeth, b. 28 Aug. 1712, m. Jos. Peabody, 2 Nov. 1129.— Had t««/^ 

1. Jacob, b. 6 April, 1739. Had 8 sons and 4 daughters. (f.) 

2. Elizabeth, 

3. Priscilla, 

4. Margaret, [or Peggy.] 



ANN DUDLEY,— (Co7i/i7Jw«</.) 

V. Lucy. 
VI. Maroarrt, 
VIL Mary, b. 10 May. 1731, ni. Elisha Wildes, 27 Feb. lU-^.—Had ixsiie, 

1. Sylvanus, b. 6 M»y, 1754, m. Rebecca Baker, 1781, d. 19 Nov. 1829. — 

ffad issuey 

1. John Wildks, b. 9 Feb. 1784. 

2. Elizabeth, b. 11 Mar. 1787, m. Williair. Waitt, 24 Deo. 1809, who waH lost 

overboard 22 Sept 1817. EUzabetU living in 1848. 

3. Sophia, b. 16 Mar. 1789. m. Jacob Towne. 23 April, 1809, who d. 4 May, 

1844. Sophia living in 1848. 

4. Clarissa Wildes, b. 24 May, 1791, living in 1848. 

2. Mehetabcl, b. 30 Nov. 1756, d. 9 Mar. 1840, unmarried. 
8. -Sarah, b. 10 Feb. 1761, d. 1 April, 1860, unmarried. 

Vin. Mkrcy. 


Jacob Peabody, (son of Elizabeth Bradstreet and Joseph Poabody,) m. Sarah 
Potter^ of Ipswich, in 1763. — Hadissue^ 
I. Sarah. 
II. Jacob, b. 10 May, 1764, m. Huldah Wildes, 15 Nov. llSn— Had issue y 

1. Thomas, 9. Lucy, 

2. Priscilla, 10. Cynthia, 

8. Alice, 
4. Anne, 
• 5. Huldah, 

6. Eunice, 

7. Polly, 

8. SaUy, 

III. Lucy, 

IV. Lydia, m. — 
V. John, m. — 

VI. Mary, 


11. Lois, b. 2 May, 1806, m. 
Thos. Moore, June 1829, 
d. 19 Dec. 1842. Left 1 
child, Mary, living in 1848. 

12. Lvdia. 

- had 2 sons and 2 daughters living in 1848. 
had 7 daughters living in 1848. 



Dorothy Bradstrert, m. 14 June, 1654, llev. Seaborn Cotton, of Hampton. 
John Cotton, (Rev.) b. 8 May, 1658, d. 27 Mar. 1710, m. 17 Aug. 1686, Anne, da. of Capt. 
Thomas Lake, of Boston. She aft. m. Dr. lucreate Mather, and d. 1737. 
Dorothy Cotton, b. 16 July, 1693, m. 21 Dec. 1710, Rev. Nathaniel Gookin, of Hamp- 
ton, N. H. and d. 20 May. 1748. 
Nathaniel Gookin, (Rev.) of North Hampton, b. 6 Feb. 1713, m. 17 Nov. 1748, Love, 
da. of Col. Joshua Wingate of Hampton, N. H. and d. 22 Oct. 1766. 
Daniel Gookin, of North Hampton, b. 2 Mar. 1756, m. 4 Dec. 1787, Abigail, da. of 
Levi Dearborn, of North Hampton, and d. 4 Sept. 1831. 
Elizabeth Gookin, b. 23 July, 1795, m. 20 Jan. 1817, James Brown Thornton, of 
Saco, Maine. 
JOHN Wingate Thornton, of Boston, b, 12 Aug. 1818, m.31 May, 1848, Elizabeth 
Wallace, da. of Stephen J. Bowles, of Roxbury. iVoir living. 

■ [I- 


PATIENCE DUDLEY, (daughter of Gov. Thos. D.) d. 1690.— MAJOR GEN. 
DAN'L DENNISON, her husband, d. 1682. 

I. John Dennison, m. Martha, da. of Deputy Gov. Symonds, who afterwards 

in. Richard Martin, of Portsmouth, and left two children, d. 9 Jan. 
1671. {Records at Ipswich.) 

II. Elizabeth, m. 14 Nov. 1660, Rev. John Rogers, (5th Pres. Harvard Col- 

lege,) who d. 1684. — Had issue^ 
1. Elizabeth, b. 1661, m. Judge John Appleton, of Ipswich. — Had issue^ 

1. Elizabeth, m. Rev. Jabez Fitch, in 1704.— (Had issue 6 children.) 

2. Nathaniel, D. D. (Camb.) b. 1693, m. Margaret Gibbs, and d. 1784.— 7««ite, 

1. Margaret, b. 1720, m. Prentice, d. 1769. 

2. Elizabeth, b. 1725, m. Rand. 

3. Mehitable, b. 1728, m. Rev. Sam. Haven, D. D. of Portsmouth, and 

d. 1777. 

4. Nathaniel, b. 1731, m. Mary Walker, and 2nd, Rachel Henderson, d. 

1798. — Issue, 

1. Nathaniel Walker, b. 1755, m. Sarah Greenleaf, d. 1795.— /»«««, 

1. Nathaniel TV. ra. Sarah Tilden. 

2. Charles H. — 3. William Greenleaf, m. Dawes. 

2. John, of Cambridge, b. 1758, Consul at Calais, m. Fairweather. 

3. Mary, m. Emory. 

4. Thomas, b. 1763, Consul at Leghorn, d. unmarried, 1840. 

5. Charlotte, b. 1766, m. Thomas Perkins, of Boston, d. 1798. 

6. Betsey.— 1. George Washington, b. 1775, d. 1795. 

5. Henry, of Portsmouth, b. 1737, m. Sarah Odiome, d. 1768. 




. I 



Nathaniel Appleton, — Ooretinued. 
^ HI 6- John, of Salem, b. 1739, m. Jane Sparhawk, and 2nd Priadlla Green- 

leaf, d. 1817. — /Mue, 
1. Henry, b. 1768, d. 1823.— 2. Jane, b. 1770, d. 1791. 
8. John Sparhawk, of Salem, b. 1775, m. Mary Lander, d. 1824. 

4. Margaret, b. 1772, m. Willard Peele, d. 1838. 

5. Nathaniel, b. 1779, m. Elizabeth Ward, d. 1818. 
y J 6. William, b. 1781, d. 1802.— 7. Alfred G., b. 1794. 
[I 3. Daniel, b. 1695, m. Elizabeth Berry, in 1715. 
ji I 4. Priscilla, b. 1697, m. Rev. Rob't Ward, of Wenham, d. 1724. 
* I 5. Margaret, b. 1700, m. Rev. Edw. Holyoke, I'res. Harv.— 7«*we, 

Dr. Edw. Aug. Holyoke, of Salem. 
6. John, b. 1704. 

2. Margaret, b. 1664, m. Rev. John Leverett, (Pres't H. C.) — Had isaue^ 

1. Margaret, and others d. young. 

2. Mary, m. Col. John Dennison, and afterwards Rev. Nath'l Rogers, son ol 
Rev. Jno. R who m. Martha Whittingham. — {Had issue 8 children.) 

8. John (Rev.) Rogers, of Ipswich, b. 1666» m. Martha Whittingham, 
(a descendant of Calvin's sister, and sister of Gov. Gurdon 
■ j^f Saltoiistairs wife,) d. 1745. — Had issve^ 

1. John, (Rev.) of Kittery, N. H. m. Susannah Whipple. — {Had issue 9 children.) 

2. Martha, m. Hon. Thos. Berry. 

3. Mary, b. 1694, m. John Wise.— (/fad issue 3 children.) 

4. William, (of Annapolis.) b. 1699. 

U 5. Nathaniel, (Rev.) m. Mary Leverett, wid. of Col. Dennison, and 2nd Marj 

n I Burnham, wid. of Dan'l Staniford. — {Had issue 5 children.) 

6. Richard, m. . . Crumpton.-^(jHod issue 13 children.) 
ijj 7. Elizabeth, d. young. 

8. Daniel, (Rev.) Exeter, m. Annie Foxcroft, of Boston. — {Issue 6 children,) 

9. Elizabeth, m. Francis Cogswell, Ipswich, Grad. Harvard C. 1718.— (flad 
■[numero^ls] children.) 

10. Samuel, (Dr.) b. 1709, m. 1735, Hannah Wise.— (.Hod issue 8 children.) 

4. Daniel (M. D.) Rogers, b. 1667, m. Sarah, da. of Gapt. John Appleton, 
who d. 1699. (He perished in a snow storm at Ipswich). — /««««, 

1. Daniel. (Rev.) Littleton, Mass. — {Had issue 5 children.) 

2. Sarah, d. young. — 3. (Another.) Sarah, d. young. 
|l I 4. Sarah, (another,) m John Watson, Plymonth.^/tod issue 2 children.) 

5. Margaret, m. Rev. Robert Ward, Wenham. 

6. Patience, ra. Rev. Joshua Freeman, Plymouth. 

7. Priscilla, m. Rev. Nathaniel Leonard, Plymouth. — {Had issue 1 cMld.) 

8. Elizabeth, m. Peleg Wiswall, Boston. 

9. John. b. 1708.-10. Nathaniel, obt. infans. 

6. Nathaniel Rogers, of Portsmouth, b. 1669, m. Sarah Peukiss. — HadisRue^ 
1. Nathaniel, (Hon.) of Portsmouth, m. Dorothy, da. of Hon. Hen. Sher- 
burne, Portsmouth. — {Had issue 1 child.) 
M 2. Sarah, m. Rev. Joshua Gee.— 3. Elizabeth, (burnt to death ) 

f '.j 4. George, (of Boston,) m. Lydia Hutchinson.— (I^ad issue 2 children.) 

5. Elizabeth, m. Rev. Joshua Taylor, Milton, N. B-.—CHad issue 1 child.) 

6. Mary, m. Matthew Livermore, Portsmouth. — (Had issue 1 child.) 



PATIENCE DVBLEY,— (Continued.) 

6. Patience, b. 16Y6, in. Benj'n Marston, d. llSl^-^ffadiasue^ 

1. Benjamin, (Judge,) m. Elizabeth Winslow. 

(Had issue 2 cJdldren, — John and Winslow.) 

2. Elizabeth. 

3. Mary. 

4. Abigail, m . . . Cabot, of Salem. 

PATIENCE DUDLEY, m. Gen. Dan'l Dennison. 
Elizabeth Dennison, m. Rev. John Rogers. 

John (Rev.) Rogers, ra. Martha Whittingham. 
Nathanikl (Rev.) Rogerw, m. widow Staniford. 

Nathaniel Rogers, ra. Abigail Dodge, d. 11 Sept. 1818. 

1. Nathaniel Leverett Rogers, (Salem,) living in 1848. 

2. John. Whittingham Rogers, (Jamaica Plains,) m. Anstiss D. Pick- 

man, living in 1848. 

'X Richard Saltonstall Rogers, (Salem,) m Piekman, Salem. 

living in 1848. 

4. William Augustus Rogers, '* 

5. Daniel Dennison Rogers, " 



MERCY DUDLEY, (daughter of Gov. Thos. D.) b. 1621, m. 
1639, d. 1691.— Rev. JOHN WOODBRIDGE, of Newbury, her 
husband, b. 1613, d. 17 Mar. 1695. — Had issue, 

I. Sarah Woodbridgk, b. 1640, in Newbury, Mass. 
II. Lucy, b. 1642, in ** ra. . . . Epes. 

III. John, (Rev.) settled atHillingworth, and afterwards at Wethersfield, d. 1690. 
— Had ittsue^ 

1. John (Rev.) Woodbridge, settled at Springfield, Mass. (a.) 

2. Dudley, Thomas, settled at Sim.<»bury. 

3. Ephraim, (Rev.) settled at Groton, b. 25 June, 1680, m. in 1704, Miss 

Hannah Morgan, of Groton. (b.) 

4. Mary, ra. Rev. Mr. Ruggles, of Suffield. 



MERCY DTJLLEY,— (Continued.) 

IV. Benjamin (Rev.) Woodbridgk, ra. Mary Ward, d. 1709. 
V. Thomas, b. 1649, m. Mary Jones, d. 1680-1. 
VI. Dorothy, m. . . . Fryer. 

VII. Annk, d. 1700-1. Unmarried. 

VIII. Timothy, (Rev.) graduated at Harvard, 1676, settled at Hartford, Conn. m. 

a daughter of Hon. Sam. Wyllys; m. 2nd Mrs. Howell; and m. 
3rd [ ] — Hadixsue, 

1. Timothy (Rev.) Woodbridge, settled at Simsbury, m. widow of Rev. 

John Woodbridge, of Wethersfield. (c.) 

2. Mary, m. Governor Pitkin. 

3. Theodore. 

4. Ruth, m. . . . Pierson, of N. Jersey. 

5. Ashbel, (Rev.) settled at Glastenbury, Conn. 

6. Susan, ra. . . . Treat, of Brimfield. 

IX. Joseph, m. Martha Rogers. 

X. Martha, m. 8 July, 1680, Capt. Sam. Ruggles of Roxbury, d. 1788. — Had 


1. Samuel Ruggles, (Rev.) b. 1681, m. Eliz. Whiting ; and secondly, widow 

Eliz. Williams, d. 1748-9. 

2. Lucy, b. 1683, m. Joseph Stevens. 

8. Timothy, (Rev.) b. 1686, m. Mary White, d. 1768. 

4. Hannah, b. 1688, m. William Noyes. 

6. Patience, b. 1689, ra. James Robinson, d. 1768. (k.) 

6. Martha, b. 1691-2, m. Job Lane. 

7. Sarah, b. 1694, ra. John Holbrook. 

8. Joseph, b. 1696, m. Joanna White. 

9. Mary, b. 1698, d. unmarried. 

10. Benjamin, (Rev.) b. 1700, m. Dorcas Whiting, d. 1782. 

XI. Mary, in. . . . Appleton. 
XII. [ ] 


John (Rev.) Woodbridge, of Springfield. 

1. Abigail, m. . . . Miner. 

2. John, (Rev.) settled at South Hadley. — Had issue, 

1. POYPHENE, m. . . . PretJton, of 4. Eucas, 

New Jersey. 5. SYLVESTER, 

2. John, 6. Caroline, 

3. Benjamin Ruggles, a Phygician. 7. Sophia. 

8. Joseph, settled at Stockbridge. — Had issue. 

1. Jemima, m. . . . Jones, 3. Jahleel, 

2. Isabella, m. . . . Parsons. 4. Stephen. 


John (Rev.) WooDBRiDaK, — (Continued^) 

4. Timothy, a lawyer, settled at Stockbridgc. — Had is^iie, 

1. Abigail, m. . . . Townsend, of New Haven. 

2. 3. Sybil and Silvia, (twina.) 

4. Timothy, 

5. William, 

6. Enoch, 

7. Electa, in. . . . Edwards, of Northampton. 

5. Benjamin, (Rev.) left two daughters unmarried. 

6. Jemima, m. . . . Nicholson. 



Ephraim (Rev.) Woodbridok, of Groton, b, 25 June, 1680, m. Hannah Mor- 
gan, of Groton, 4 May, 1704. 

1. Dudley Woodbridge, (Dr.) of Stonington, b. 21 April, 1705, d. 4 Oct. 

1790, m, Sarah Sheldon, of Springfield, who was b. 9 May, 1721, 
d. 10 Nov. 1796.— ^oc? issue, 

1. William Woodbridge, of Stonington, b. 10 July, 1745, m. da, of Col. 

John Williams, d. 23 July, 1824. a. p. 

2. Dudley, (Judge,) of Ohio, b. 9 Oct 1747, Graduated at Yale, 1769, m. Lucy, 

da. of Elijah Backus, of Norwich, Conn. (i.) 

3. Joseph, of Hartford, a Lawyer, b. 1 Jan. 1749, m. . . . Sheldon, of Spring- 

field. («.) 

4. Elizabeth, b. 13 May, 1752, m. Daniel Rodman. (/.) 

5. Samuel, of Norwich, b, 31 Oct 1757, m. . . . Rogers of Norwich , m. 2d. 

. . . Walker, of Stratford, Conn. {g.) 

6. Benjamin, b. 15 Dec. 1758, d. young. 

7. Lucy, b. 4 May, 1760, d. at Stonington, aged 84. 

8. Charlotte, of New London, b. 28 Dec. 1761, m. Giles Mumford, of New 

London. (A.) 

9. Sarah, of Stonington, b. 28 June, 1767, m. Col. Simon Rhoads. (1) 

2. Paul, b. 12 Mar. 1708. 

3. Augustus, b. 29 Oct. 1710. 

4. Oliver, b. 24 Aug. 1713, d. young. 
6. Hannah, b. 9 Feb. 1715. 

6. Mary, b. 22 Oct. 1717. 

7. Oliver, b. 1723. 


Timothy (Rev.) Woodbridge, of Simsbury, m. widow of Rev. John Woodbridge, 
of Wethersfield. — Had issue, 

1. Timothy (Rev.) Woodbridge, settled at Hartford. 

2. Mary, m. Col. Wyllys. 
8. Haines. 

4. Theophilus. 

5. Joshua. 



Dudley (Judge) Woodbridok, of Ohio, b. 9 Oct. 1141. Graduated at Yale, 
1769. m. Lucy, da. of Elijah Backus, of Norwich, Conn. Removed 
in 1793, to Marietta, Ohio. — Hadissue, 

1. Lucy, m. Dr. Petit, d. 1817. — Hadissue^ 

1. William Woodbridge Petit, d. at Detroit, 1827, leaving a son, since 
dead. Hia widow m. E. P. Hastings, of Detroit. 

2. Dudley Woodbridge, ni. Jane Robbins Gilman, da. of Benj. Ives Gilman, 

she d. at the early age of 17, leaving an infant daughter, now 
(1848,) m. to David Morgan, (grandson of Gen. Morgan.) 
*•* m. 2ndly. Maria, da. of Gen. Morgan. — Had isatte^ 

1. Geokoe, 

2. John, (Rev.) m. Harriet Gates, of New Haven, 13 Aug. 1842, who d. at 

Marietta, 18 Nov. 1843, Aged 19, leaving an infant daughter. 

3. William, 

4. Lucy, 

5. David, 

6. Maria. 

8. William Woodbridge, of Michigan, m. 29 June, 1806, Juliana, da. of 
Hon. John Trumbull, of Hartford, District Judge, then Governor 
and afterwards U. S. Senator. — Had issue^ 

1. Juliana Trumbull, b. 12 Sept 1815, m. Hen. T. Backus,— and had issue, 

1. William Woodbridge Backus. 2. Julia Maria, (since dead.) 

2. William Leverett, b. 22 July, 1817. 

3. John, b. 2 May, 1820. d. young. 

4. Lucy Maria, b. 22 July, 1822. 

5. Henrietta Sarah, b. 25 Jan. 1824, (since dead.) 

6. Dudley Backus, b. 19 Feb. 1826. 

4. Sarah, m. John Mathews, — Had issue^ 

1. James Backus Mathews, m. Mary Green, — and had issue, 
1. An infant, [ ] 

5. John Woodbridge, of Chillicothe, m. Elizabeth Buchanan. — Had iss^ce, 

1. Lucy, m. Dr. Davia, 7. Dudley, 

2. Ellen, m. . . . Creighton, 8. Elizabeth, 
8. Charles, 9. Sarah, 

4. Maria, 10. Mary, 

5. EsTELLE. 11. Angus, (since dead.) 

6. John, 12. Clara, " 

6. Benjamin, (Rev.) d. in Europe. 


Joseph Woodbridgb, of Hartford, a lawyer, b. 1 Jan. 1749, m. . . . Shelden, of 
Springfield. — Had issue, 

1. Henry Shelden Woodbridge, 

2. Betsey, 
8. Joseph, 

4. Nancy, m. J. Hart. 

By second wife, da. of Daniel Shelden : — 

5. Charlotte S. m. J. White. 

6. Lucy, m. William Rodman. 

7. Julia, m. Rev. Chauncy Eddy. 

8. Emma, m. Dr. Palmer, (deceased.) 

9. William, m. da. of Stiles Phelps. 
10. Dudley, m. da. of Col. Smith. 

Elizabeth, (4th Child of Dr. Dudley Woodbridge,) b. 13 May. 1752, m. Daniel 
Rodman. — Mad issue, 

1. Elizabeth Rodman, m. Andrew Backus. — Hadissue^ 

1. Frederick R. Backus, 3. Eliza G. Backus, 

2. Philip M. Backus. 4. Isabella S. Backus. 

2. Thomas, (deceased.) 

3. Daniel, " 

4. Lucy, m. Rev. Philip Meyers, of Philadelphia. 

5. Julia, ra. Rev. John Goodman, of Troy. 

6. William, m. Lucy, da. of Jos. Woodbridge, of Hartford. 


Samuel Woodbridge, (5th child of Dr. Dudley, Woodbridge, of Norwich, b. 31 
Oct. 1767, m. . . . Rogers of Norwich, (sister of Mrs. Roger Gris- 
wold,) m. 2ndly. eldest da. of Judge Walker of Stratford, Conn. — 
Had issue, 

1. Eliza Woodbridge, m. James 5. Harriet, 

T. Brown. By second marriage ; — 

2. Charlotte, m. Dyer Perkins, 6. Robert Walker, 

3. George, (Rev.) 7. Frances, 

4. Caroline, 8. Abby Margaret. 



Oharlottk WooDBRiDiJE, (8th chUd of Dr. Dudley Woodbridge,) b. 28 Dec. 1761, 
m. Giles Mumford, of New London, (son of Thomas Mumford, of Nor- 
wich, Conn.) — Had ustie, 

1. Charlotte Mumford, m. Nathaniel Richards, New York. 

2. Catharine, m. Nathaniel Richards, New York, (his second wife.) 
8. Ann. or Nancy, unmarried in 1848. 

4. Sarah, m. Philo Hillyer, of Glen Cove, — and had istue. 
Charlotte m. secondly, Dr. Wolcott, of New London, — and had^ 

1. Frances C. m. Geo. S. Robbins, of New York, — and had imnie. 

Sarah WoonnRinoE, of Stonington, (9th Child of Dr. Dudley Woodbridge,) b. 28 
June, lYC?, m. Col. Simon Rhoads. — ffad isaitey 

1. Nancy Rhoads, (unmarried in 1848,) 

2. Dudley, m. . . . Rathbone, settled at Zanesville, Ohio. 

3. Lucy, unmarried in 1848. 

4. Henry. 

*,* Mrs. RhoadH and Lucy Woodbridge, were, in 1843, the only surviving children of Dr. 
Dudley Woodbridge, of Stonington. Lucy Woodbridge since died at very advanced age. 

Patience Rugglks, (5th child of Martha Woodbridge and Samuel Ruggles,) b. 
1689, m. James Robinson. — Had iftfnie, 

1. James Robinson, b. 1711-12, ra. Elizabeth Smith, d. 1790. 

2. Thomas, b. 1713, died an infant. 

3. Samuel, b. 1715, m. Elizabeth Doty, d. 1784. 

4. Thomas, b. 1718, m. 23 Nov. 1744, Mary Warner, d. IS02,^ Had issue, 

1. Denison, b. 1746, m. Mellicent Cutler, d. 1827. 

2. THOMAS, b. 1753, m. Rebecca Paige, d. 1815. 

3. Mary, b. 1758, m. Timothy Paige, d. 1836. (Z.) 

5. Sarah, b. 1720, m. Ebenezer Spooner. 

6. Dorothy, b. 1722-3, m. David Peckham, and 2nd Elnathan Haskell, 

d. 1810. 

7. Denison, b. 1725, m. Martha Perry, d. 1803. 

8. Joseph, b. 1727. m. Martha Hedge, d. 1814. 

9. Hannah, b. 1729, m. Benjamin Green. 


Timothy Paiuk, m. 20 Jan. 1780, Mary Robinson, da. of Thomas Robinson, grand- 
daughter of Patience Ruggles, and great granddaughter of Martha 
Woodbridge, who m. Saml. Ruggles, of Roxbury. — Had issuty 

1. Mary Paige, b. 1780, m. Thomas Wheeler, d. 1828. 

2. Sophia, b. 1782, unmarried, (living in 1848.) 

3. Stephen West, b. 1785, m. Lucy Ruggles, (living in 1848.) 

4. Timothy, b. 1788, m. Cynthia Ammidown, d. 1822. 

5. Martin, b. 1791, m. Mary Ann Billings, (living in 1848.) 

6. Cyrus, b. 1794, d. 1796. 

7. Rebecca, b. 1796, d. 1821, unmarried. 

8. Cyrus, b. 1799, d. 1803. 

9. Lucius Robinson, b. 1802, (living in 1848,) m. Ist. Clarinda Richardson, 

14 Sept. l^^^.—Had issue, 

1. Henry, B. b. 1827, d. 1828. 

2. Lucius Robinson, b. 1829, (living in 1848.) 

3. Mary Jane, b. 1832, 

m. 2nd. Abby R. Whittemore. 
m. 3rd. Lucy Richardson. 




"The Rev. Jno. Woodbridge, born in 1613, was a son of a dis- 
tinguished divine, at Stanton, in Wiltshire, England. His mother 
was eldest daughter of Rev. Robt. Parker, who, with other ministers, 
was driven out of England, in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, for 

"Mr. Woodbridge was sent to the University of Oxford, con- 
tinued there with high honor, the oath of conformity was required, 
he declining to take this oath, left the university, and retired to more 
private studies. In the year 1634, he came over to New England 
with his uncle, Thos. Parker, son of the above Robt. who, with Mr. 
Noyes, were the first ministers in Newbury, Mass. Mr. Woodbridge 


married a daughter of the Hon. Thos. Dudley, Governor of the then 
Colony of Massachusetts. 

" When the town of Andover, in Essex Co. was settled, he was 
ordained their first pastor, Sept. 16, 1634. In the year 1647 he re- 
turned to England, and preached at Burford, in Wiltshire, from 
whence he was ejected. Soon after the restoration of Charles II, he 
was also thrown out of the school at Cambridge, by the Bartholomew 
Act. This occasioned his return to New England with his family, in 
1663. Soon after his return he became an assistant to his relative Mr. 
Parker. Mr. Noyes being dead, he continued his ministry several 
years ; a difference arising between him and his people about church 
government, he thought best to resign his charge. He was chosen re- 
peatedly first magistrate for the Colony, and upon the alteration of 
the government, he was appointed a Justice of the Peace for the Co. 
of Essex, in which office he remained until his death, which was on 
the Lord's Day, March 17, 1695, aged 82 years; he left 12 children. 
He had three sons and two sons-in-law in the ministry, and lived to 
see four grandsons candidates for it, all graduates of Oxford, Eng- 
land. The character given of him is, he was noted for his piety, 
purity and reading, readiness to forgive his enemies, courteous urban- 
ity towards all, profound erudition, calmness, patience, and great 
command of his passions 

" Dudley Woodbridge, the eldest son of Rev. Ephraim of Gro- 
ton, and grandson of Rev. John of Wethersfield, graduated at Cam- 
bridge, 1728. After being an eminent physician for more than sixty 
years, he died greatly lamented, Oct. 4, 1790. He was the friend of 
Benjamin Franklin, and suffered much in his property during the re- 
volutionary war with England. In early life he married Miss Sarah 
Shelden, of Springfield, Mass., May 9, 1729. Mrs. Woodbridge 
died -at New London, at the house of her daughter, Mrs. Charlotte 
Mumford, on the 10th of Nov., 1796. 




JOSEPH DUDLEY, (Gov. of Mass., Lieut. Gov. of L of Wight, 

and first Chief Justice of New York,) b. 1647, m. 1668, d. 2 April, 

1720, Mt. 73.— REBEKAH, his wife, da. of Edw'd Tyng, (twin 

sister of wife of Rev. Samuel Willard,) b. 13 July, 1651, d. 21 Sept. 

1722, iEt. 1\,—Hadis8ue, 

I. Thomas Dudley, b. 26 Feb. 1669-70, m. Abigail Gillan, 20 Dec. 1706.— 

ffad isaucy 1. Abigail, b. 8 April, lYOY. 
II. Edward, b. 4 Sept. 1671, buried 2 Feb. 1682-8. 

III. Joseph, b. 8 Nov. 1673. 

IV. Paul, (Judge,) b. 8d Sept. 1675, Attorney General, and afterwards Chief 

Justice of Massachusetts ; Founder of Dudleian Lect. Harvard ; m. 
15th Sept. 1703, Lucy, da. of Col. Jno. Wainwright; d. at Rox- 
bury, 26 Jan. 1751. — Hadiaaue^ 

1. Thomas, b. 13 April, 1705, d. 24 April, 1706. 

2. Lucy, b. 5 May, 1706, d. 5 May, 1708. 

3. Joseph, b. 14 Oct. 1707, d. 14 Oct. 1707. 

4. Lucy, b. 12 Mar. 1708,-9, d. 7 Sept. 1709.— 5. Lucy, b. 6 Dec. 1710. 
V. Samuel, b. 7 Sept. 1677. 

VI. John, b. 28 Feb. 1678,-9, buried 18 Aug. 1680. 

VII. Rebecca, b. 16 May. 1681, m. SamM, son of Chief Justice Sewall, 15 Sept. 

1702, d. 1761.— Sam'l Sewall, her husband, d. 1761, -fit. 78. 

Had i*8ue 6 children. (See Pedigree M.) 

VIII. Catharimr, b. 7 Jan. 1682-3, d. same day. 

IX. Akn, b. 27 Aug. 1684, m. John Winthrop, (only son of Wait-Still Win- 

throp,) 16 Dec. 1706, d. 29 May,^ 1776, (in N. London.) — John 

Winthrop, her husband, b. 1681, d. 1747, (in England.) — She m. 

2dly . . . Miller. 

Had issue 9 children. (See Pedigree N.) 

X. William, (Col.) b. 20 Oct. 1686, m. 1721, Elizabeth Davenport ; d. 1748.— 

Elizabeth, his wife, da. of Judge Addington Davenport, b. 20 Dec. 


Had issue 8 children. {See Pedigree O.) 

XI. Daniel, b. 4 Feb. 1688-9. 

XII. Catharine, b. 5 Jan. 1689-90, m. Lieut. Gov. William Dummer, (Mass. 

Bay,) 26 April, 1714. d. s. p. 

XIII. Mary, b. 2 Nov. 1692, m. Francis Wainwright, 1st Jan. 1712.— Francis 

Wainwright, her husband, d. 14 Sept. 1722. — Had iasuey 

1. John, m. [ . . . ] had Lucy and others, who d. s. p. 

2. Mary, m. Chambers Russell, d. s. p. 

Mary^ m. 2ndly. Joseph Atkins, in 1730, by whom she hoid itttie. 

(See Pedigree P.) 





REBECCA DUDLEY, (daughter of Gov. Jos. D.) b. 1681, m. 
1702, d. 1761.— SAMUEL, (son of Ch. Justice Sewall,) her hus- 
band, b. 1678, d. 1750-1. — Had issue, 

I. Rbbbooa, b. 1704, d. 1710.-11. Samuil, b. 1707, d. 1708. 
III. Hannah, b. 1709, d. 1719.— IV. Mary, b. 1711, d. 1712. 
V. Hbnrt, b. 8 Mar. 1719-20, m. 18 Aug. 1743, Ann, da. of . . . White, of 
Brookline, d. 29 May, 1771. — /j»«w«, 

1. Hull, b. 9 April, 1744, m. Abigail Sparhauk, d. 27 Nov. 1767. 

2. Samuel, b. 81 Dec. 1746, d. in England, 11 May, 1811. 

8. Hannah, b. 2 Sept. 1761, m. Edward Wolcott, of Brookline, d. 1882. 
1. Ann, b. 4 Dec. 1778, m. Philip R. Ridgway, 6 Dec. 1801, d. . . . 
8. Elizabeth, m. John Barber, d. . . . 

3. Hannah, m. . . . Folsom, afterwards m. to . . . Francis, d. . . . 

4. Rebecca, m. . . . Adams, d. . . . 

5. Samuel, m. in New York, d. . . . 

VI. John, b. 1728. 



ANN DUDLEY, (daughter of Gov. Joseph D.)b. 1684, d. 1776. 
in New London.— JOHN WINTHROP, (only son of Wait-Still 
Winthrop,) her husband, b. 1681, d. 1747, in England. — . . . 
MILLEE, her 2nd husband, d. in or pr. to 1761. — Had issue, 

I. Mary, b. 18 Sept. 1708, m. Gov. Jos. Wanton, of R. I. 21 Aug. 1729.— Gov. 
Wanton, her husband, b. 1706, d. 19 July, 1780, at Newport. 
Had issue 9 children, (See Pedigree Q.) 
n. Ann, b. 18 Dec. 1709, d. 19 June, 1794, in New London, (unmarried,) .fit. 85. 
in. Catharine, b. 9 Mar. 1711, m. Sam'l Brown, of Salem, 30 Mar. 1782.— m. 

secondly. Col. Epes Sargent. 
Had issue, 5 children by Sam* I Brown, and 3 by Epes Sargent. {See Pedigree R.) 



IV. Rebeckah, bap. 11 Jan. 1712-18, m. Gurdon Saltonstall, (son of Gov^Gur- 
don Saltonstall,) 15 Mar. 1782-3, d. 80 Oct. 1776. 

Had issue 15 children. (See Pedigree S.) 

V. Elizabeth, bap. 25 April, 1714. (Obt. infans.)— VL John, bap. 22 April, 1716. 

Vn. Margaret, bap. 26 Jan. 1717-18, m. Jeremiah Miller, 16 May, 1748, 

d. 1808.— Jeremiah Miller, her husband, b. 19 Aug. 1719, bur'd 

18 April, 1797 — Hadissuej 9 children. (See Pedigree T.) 

VIII. John Still, b. 15 Jan. 1719-20, m. 4 Sept. 1760, Jane Borland, (only da. 

of Francis Borland, of Boston, d. 6 June, 1776. — ni. secondly, 
18 Nov. 1761, Elizabeth, da. of Wm. Shirreffe, of Annapolis, 
N. S. and Widow of Capt. Jno. Hay, of 40th Regt. 
Had issue 8 children by Jane B. ; — and 6 by Elizabeth S. {See Pedigree U.) 
IX. Bazil or Basel, bap. 26 Aug. 1722, d. 21 Jan, 1771, in New London, 

*^* The above were all by JOHN Winthrop, — none known by . . . MILLER. 



WILLIAM (COL.) DUDLEY, (son of Gov. Joseph Dudley,) 

Speaker of Ho. Repres. Mass. b. 1686, m. 10 Mar. 1720-1, d. 1743. 

—ELIZABETH, his wife, (da. of Judge Addington Davenport), b. 

20 Dec. 1704,— Had issue, 

I. Elizabeth, b. 16 May, 1*724, m. 24 Mar. 1748-9, Jos. Richards, (who d. Feb. 
1761,) and she d. 1 Nov. 1805. — Issue, 

1. Paul Dudley Richards, b. 6 Jan. 1750, m. 20 June, 1776, to Anna Mayo, 

(who d. in 1825,) and he d. in 1832. — Had issue, 

1. Elizabeth Richards, b. 1781, m. Richards Child, in 1812, (he d. 1840.) 

2. Joseph Richards, d. 1822, leaving 8 children in or about Boston. 

2. William Richards, b. 1753, d. 1819. — Issue, Lucy, who m. John Petiis. 
8. Joel Richards, b. I7i8, m. Prudence Sweet, d. 1887. s. p. 

Elizabeth m. 2dly. S. Scarborough, 27 June, 1766, and he d. 8 July, 1789. 


COL. WILLIAM DUDLEY, —(Continued.) 

II. Bkbecca, b. 28 May, 1*726, m. Benj'n Gerrish. s. p. — m. 2ndly. John Bur- 
bridge, (of Cornwallis,) 14 Oct. 1775, and d 80 Jan.. 1809. 
in. Lucy, b. 16 Feb. 1727-8, m. Dr. Simon Tufts, of Medford, 28 Feb. 1748-9, 
and d. 18 Nov. 1768. (Simon Tufts, b. 16 Jan. 1726-7, and d. 
31 Dec. 1786)— /««?«?, 

1. Simon, b. 7 April, 1760, d. at Cape of Good Hope, Jan. l6U2 

2. Lucy, b. 8 April, 1752, m Benjamin Hall, Jr. of Medford, 20 Nov. 1777, 

and d. 16 Nov. 1811. (Benj'n Hall d. 17 Sept. 1807.)— /asuc, 

1. Dudley Hall, b. 14 Oct. 1780, m. Hephzitah Fitch, of Salem.— Isme, 

1. Dudley Cotton Hall, b. 29 Sept 1818. 

2. Hephzitah, b. 20 Dec. 1821, m. Henry Bradlee. 12 Nov. 1845. 

3. George Dudley, b. 8 July, 1828. 

4. Horace Dudley, b. 15 Sept. 1831. 
And 6 other children d. young. 

2. [ . . . ] other issue of Benj. Hall and Lucy, d. s. P. 

8. Katharine, b. 26 April, 1764, d. 11 Sept. 1758. s. p. 

%* Simon Tufts m. 2ndly. Elizabeth, da. of Steph. Hall, and had issue. 

IV. Catherine, b. 27 Dec. 1729, m. Peter Johonnet, (or Johonot,) ab't 1763, 
and d 28 June, 1769. — Peter Johonnet, d. in London, 8 Aug. 
V. Thomas Dudley, b. 9 Sept. 1731, m Hannah Whiting, 26 April, 1763, d. 
9 Nov. 1769. (She afterwards m Col. Jos. Williams, of Roxbury, 
in 1770.) — Had issue. 
1. William, b. 26 Dec. 1758, m. Sarah Williams, 22 Feb. 1774, and d. 4 
Oct. 1786, ^t 33. — Had issue, 

1. Sally, b. 19 June, 1774. m. Jno. W. Fellowes, 29 Mar. 1795.— i/orf issue, 

1. George, b. 28 Feb. 1797, d. s.P. 

2. Mary White, b. 11 Mar. 1799, d. s. P. 
Sally m, 2dly. Thomas Rumrill, 14 Aug. 1803. 

3. Sarah Dudley, b. 29 Jan. 1804, ra. Henry Robinson, 8 May, 1831. 

4. Elizabeth Clap, b. 20 Nov. 1805, m. . . . Young. 

5. Thomas, b. 5 July, 1808. 

6. John Fellowes, b. 6 Aug. 1811, d. 1 April, 1813. 

7. [ ] 

8. William, m. . . . Young, and had 2 children. 

2. Betsy, b. 6 May, 1777. Obt infans. 

3. Betsy, b. 25 Mar. 1779, m. 19 April, 1798, John Beaver.— Had issue, 

1. John Coolidge, b. 1799, m. 12 Mar. 1823, Mary Shepherd. 

2. Elizabeth Dudley, b. 12 Aug. 1801, m. . . . Locke. 

3. William Dudley, b. 12 June, 1803, m. Catharine Hobbs, 5 Nov. 1826. 

4. Harriet, b. 22 Oct. 1805, d. 13 Feb. 1809. 

5. Henry, b. 4 June, 1808. 

6. Harriet, b- 6 Sept. 1811, d. 1 Nov. 1813. 

7. Harriet, m. . . . Houghton. 

8. Adaline. b. 11 Mar. 1820. (living in»1848.) 

9. Sarah Anne, b. 11 Oct. 1822, m. . . . Clement. 
10. Caroline, (Uving in 1848.) 



William, (Son of Thomas,) — {Continued,) 

4. JOSEPH (Col.) Dudlky, b. 16 Oct 1780, m. Pedey Whitney, 14 June, 1801, 

and d. 28 Feb. 1827, ^t. Aii.—Had issue, 

1. waUam, b. 8 Oct. 1801, d. 29 Dec. 1801. 

2. Joseph Williams, b. 2 June, 1803, m. Lucy R. Gay, 11 Mar. 1827.— /«»««, 

Lucy, m. Ebenezer B. Rumrill. 

3. Sarah Williams, b. 20 Feb. 1805, (living in 1848.) 

4. Isaac Davis, b. 23 Jan. 1807, ( " " ) 

5. William, b.-24 June, 1808, d. 12 Nov. 1833, 2EX. 25. s. P. 

6. Samuel, b. 31 Dec. 1809, m. Mary E. Gay. 17 Dec. 1837. 

7. Pedey, b. 7 Feb. 1812, m. Lewis Slack, 2 June, 1838. 

Left 2 Children. [WilUam D. b. 18 Feb. 1834.] 
, 8. Elisha, d. s. P.— 9. Elisha, (2d) d. s. p. 

10. Henry, A. S. living in 1848. 

5. William, b. 6 April,1782, m. Susannah Davis, 7 May ,1804. — Issue, A children. 
* 6. Thomas, b. 25 May, 1784, m. Eliza Mylod, May, 1805. 

Issue, 6 children. [Thomas b. 2 Sept. 1813.] 
7. Samuel, b. 6 Aug. 1785, m. Susannah Davenport Brewer, 18 Nov. 1810. 
Issue, 6 children. [Susannah Davenport, b. 16 Jan. 1811.] 

[Joseph Davenport, b. 10 April, 1812.] 

2. Thomas, (Lieut.) b. 27 Oct. 1765, m. Abigail Weld, 14 May, 1778, d. 7 
Mar. 1790. She d. 28 Oct. 1 807.— /««!<«» 

1. Hannah, b. 11 April, 1781. 

2. Thomas, b. 5 Mar. 1783, m. Mary Burrill, or Burrel, 8 Feb. 1807, d. 28 Feb. 

1826, Mi. 43.— 7»«i*e, 

1. Mary, b. 5 July, 1807, m. Hen. W. WilUams, 7 April, 1833. 

2. Elbridge Gerry, b. 4 June. 1810.— 3. David, b. 14 Jan. 1814. 
a Samuel Craft, b. 11 Mar. 1785, d. s. p. 

4. David, b. 23 Aug. 1787, m. Hannah Davis, 23 Oct. 1814, d. 21 April, 1841. 

1. Rebekah Davis, b. 27 Aug. 1815, d. 26 Oct. 1815. 

2. Sarah Weld, b. 19 Nov. 1816, d. 12 Jan. 1817. 

3. Abigail Weld, b. 28 Oct. 1818, d. 25 Dec. 1818. 

4. Mary Ann Davis, b. 9 Aug. 1821, m. Wm. G. Lewis, 13 Oct 1841. 

5. Charles David, b. 2 Oct. 1822, d. 15 July, 1840. 

6. Abigail Weld, b. 27 Nov. 1824. 

7. JuUa Maria, b. 2 Feb. 1827, d. 16 Mar. 1827. 

8. Caroline Weld, b. 25 July, 1830. 

9. Hannah Maria, b. 5 Sept. 1832. 

10. George Frederick, b. 14 Jan. 1835, d. 11 Feb. 1835. 

8. Paul, b. 29 July, 1757, d. at Orino, near Bangor. 

4. Lucy. b. 27 April, 1759, m. . . . Whiting. — hme^ . . . m. Jos. Hay. 

5. Katherine, b. 20 Mar. 1761, m. Nehemiah Davis. 

6. Rebeckah, b. 10 June, 1763, m. Nathaniel Parker, 1 June, 1788. 

7. Joseph Gerrish, b. 29 April, 1765, d. s. p. 

VI. Joseph Dudley, (a Lawyer, in Boston,) b. 1732, m. Abigail ... d. 25 Sep. 

1768. — His widow m. . . . Gray, d. s. p. 
VII. Ann, b. 1734, m. John Lovell, d. April, 1775. — Hadinsue., 
1. John. 2. Mary. 3. Betsy. 

VIII. Mary, b. 10 Aug. 1736, m. John Cotton, d. 6 Feb. 1796. 

Had 11 children, who all died be/ore her. 




MARY DUDLEY, (daughter of Gov. Jos.) b. 1692, m. 1730.— 
JOSEPH ATKINS, her second husband.— ^ac? issue, 

I. Dudley Atkins, b. 1*788, m. Sarah Kent, d. 1767, Mi. 84. — Had issue, 
1 Mary Russell Atkins, m. Geo. Searle. — Had issue, 

1. Catherine Searle. 

2. Frances, (of Brookline.) living in 1848. 

3. Margaret, m. Sam'I Curson, (Newburjrport,) who d. in 1846. 

4. George, (of Brookline,) living in 1848. 

5. Mary. 

6. Sarah, (of Brookline,) living in 1648. 

7. Ldct, 

8. Thomas, d. 184a 
2. Joseph. 

8. Hannah. 

4. Catharine, m. Samuel Eliot — Had issue, 

1. Mart, m. E. Dwight She d. Oct. 1846. 

2. Eliza, m. B. Guild. 

3. Charles. 

4. Catharine, m. Prof. A. Norton, (Camb.) 

5. William H. m. M. Bradford. 

6. Samuel, A. m. M. Lyman. 

7. Anna, m. Prof. G. Ticknor, (Boston.) 

6. Dudley, — assumed the name of Tyng, in 1790,* and m. Sarah 
Higginson. — Had issue, 

1. Sarah W. Atkins, m. C. Head. 

2. Susan C. m. E. A. Newton. 

3. Dudley tyng. 

4. Dudley Atkins, (dropt the name of Tyng,) m. A M. Bowman. 

5. Stephen H. Tyng, (Rev. Dr.) m. A. Griswold.— /To* Utue. 

6. Charles Tyng, m. A. Arnold. 

7. George Tyng. 

8. Mary C. m. G. Cross. 

9. J. H. Tyng, of Newark, N. J. m. M. A. Degan. 

6. Rebecca. 

* Dudley Atkins took the name of Tyng, in 1790, to perpetuate the name which had become 
extinct. His son, Dudley Atkins, dropt the name of Tyng. 



MARY WINTHROP, (daughter of John Winthrop and Ann 
Dudley,) m. 21 Aug. 1729.— JOS. WANTON, (Gov. R. I.) her 
husband, b. 1705, d. 19 July, 1780, at Newport. — Had issve, 

I. Joseph Wanton, (Rev.) 

Had issue 1 son and 3 dav^hters 8. P. 

II. Ann Wanton, b. at Newport, 16 Dec. 1732, m. Winthrop Saltonstall, 17 
April, 1763. — Hadittue^ 

1. Rebecca, b. 4 Mar. 1764, m. Peter Christophers, 2 April, 1792. — Had 

1. Richard Peter, b. 7 Jan. 1793. 

2. Ann Saltonstall, b. 31 Aug. 1796, m. George Jones, (of Boston,) 2 Jan. 

1831, and d. 4 April, 1834.— ^od tssus, 
1. Rebecca Saltonstall, b. 15 Mar. 1834. 

2. Ourdon, b. 3 July, 1766, m. Hannah Sage, of Middletown, 8 April, 

1790, d. at Cape Nicholo Mole, 9 June, 1796. — Had istue^ 

1. Mart Hallam, b. 13 April, 1791. 

2. William Wanton, b. 19 Jan. 1793, m. 1826 to Mary Winthrop.— Left issue, 

Ourdon Winthrop, b. 3 June, 1827. 

8. Mary Wanton, b. 14 Mar. 1766, m. Thomas Coit, (N. London.)— i^orf 

1. Mary G. Coit, of New London. 

2. Thomas W. " (Rev. Dr.) of New Rochelle, now of Troy. 

3. AUOUSTA Dudley, m Daniel Deshon, Jr. (N. London,) 25 May, 1820, 

whose daughter, Augusta Coit, b. 13 Mar. 1821, m. Thomas Carlisle. 

4. Elizabeth, m. Edward Coit, (Norwich.) 8. P. 

5. Gurdon S. of Bridgeport. 

4. Ann Dudley, b. 8 Jan. 1770, d. unmarried. 

5. Winthrop, b. 20 Feb. 1775, d. unmarried. 

III. Mart Wanton, m. John Coddington, (Newport.)— iSforf i««««, 

1. Susan, m. John Green. — Had is>nie 2 children. 

2. Jane, m. Martin Benson. — Had isstie 2 children. 

IV. William Wanton, (at St. Johns, N. S.) s. p. 
V. John " 

VI. Benjamin *' 

VII. Ruth " m. Gov. William Brown, of Bermuda, d. s. p. 

VIII. Catherine " ni. . . . Stoddard. 

m. 2ndly. Dr. Destailleur, Surg. B. Army. s. p. 
XI. Elizabeth " b. 22 Oct. 1742, m. Thos. Wickhara, 28 Dec. 1762, 
d. 26 Aug. 1814. — Had isme, 
1. WiUiam Wickham, b. 1778, (living at Sodus Point, in 1848.) 




CATHARINE WINTHROP, (daughter of John Winthrop and 
Ann Dudley,) m. 30 Mart 1732.— SAM'L BROWN, of Salem, her 
husband. — Had issue, 

I. Samuel Brown. 
II. Benjamin " 

III. Ann 

IV. Abigail ** 
V. William " 

CATHARINE BROWN, widow, then m. Col. EPES SARGENT, of Salem.— 
Had iisue^ — 

I. Paul Dudlet Sargent, m. Lucy Saunders, (of Salem,) who d. 80 Nov. 
1839, he d. Sept. 1828.— JJoc? e««*e, 

1. [A son.] 

2, Mary Sargent, (living in 1848, at Sullivan.) 

8. Catharine Winthrop, m. . . . Jones. — Had iisue^ 

1. Catharine Winthrop Jones, m. . . . Pond, (N. Haven.) 

2. Henry Sargent Jones. 

3. J. W. Jones. 

4. Thomas Dudley Jones. 

5. Mary E. Jones, m. . . . Langdon. 

6. Lucy S. Jones. 

7. Charlotte P. Jones. 

II. Mart Sargent, d. young. 

III. John Sargent, m. . . . Barnard, widow, (Barrington. — Haditstie^ 
1. William Brown Sargent, of Barrington. ^ 

2 S3 sons, at Halifax, N. S. 

3 ^ 




REBECK AH WINTHROP, of New London, (daughter of John 

Winthrop and Ann Dudley,) baptized 11 Jan. 1712-13, m. 15 Mar. 

1732-3, d. 1776.— GURDON SALTONSTALL, (son of Gov. 

Gurdon Saltonstall, of Connecticut,) her husband, b. 22 Dec. 1708, 

d. 19 Sept. 1785. at Norwich. — Had issue, 

I. Gurdon Saltonstall, b. 15 Dec. 1733, d. 18 July, 1762, at Kingston, 

Jamaica. s. p. 

II. Rebekah, b. 31 Dec. 1784, m. David Mumford, 1st Jan. 1768. 

III. Katherine, b. 17 Feb. 1735-6, m. John Richards, 16 June, 1768. s. p. 

IV. Winthrop, b. 10 June, 1737, m. at Newport, Ann Wanton, (da. of Gov. 

Wanton and Mary Winthrop,) 17 April, 1768. 

Had i»8ue 5 children, (See Pedigree Q. " Ann Wanton."*) 

v. Dudley, b. 8 Sept. 1738, m. Frances Babcock, d. at St. Domingo. 

VI. Ann, b. 29 Feb. 1739-40, m. Thomas Mumford, Norwich, d. s. p. 

VII. RosBWBLL, b. 29 Aug. 1741, m. 4 Mar. 1764, Elizabeth Stewart, (who was 

b. 6 Mar. 1745,) he d. in N. York. — Hadiitue^ 

1. Elizabeth Saltonstall. 

2. Richard Rosewell. 

3. Rosewell. 

4. Abigail, or Abby, m. 23 June, 1799, Dr. Wm. Handy, of New York, 

(living in 1848.) — Hctdittue, 

1. Caroline Handt, b. let Aug. 1800, m. W. Bnkin* Oold. (living in 1848.) 

— Had issue, 

1. William Handy Gold. 

2. Fanny, m. D. F. Worcester. 

3. Lizzie, m. John R. Elwood. 

4. Caroline, unmarried. 

2. Elizabeth, b. 16 Jan. 1803, m. John T. Donbar.— £e/t iuue, 

1. Rosalie Dunbar. 

3. Ann, now living, unmarried. 

5. Hannah Stewart. 

6. Ann, m. 13 June, 1799, Rev. Chas. Seabury, (son of Bishop Seabury,) 

— Had U8ue^ 

1. Samuel Seaburt, b. 9 June, 1801. 

2. Charles Saltonstall, b. 10 Dec 180B. 

3. William, b. 31 Mar. 1805. 

4. EDWARD, b. 14 May, 1807. 

5. Richard Francis, b. 21 July, 1809. 



Ross WELL Saltonstall. — ( Continued.) 

7. William, m. in England. — Hadissue^ 

1. Susan, m. Thos. Margton Beare, and ha8hadi$»ue, Zsons and 6 duu^htert, 

(3 of whom deceased.) 

2. Hknry W., m. Grace . . . {no issue.) 

3. William, m. twice, and has issue, 5 children. 

8. Mary, m. John Fell. — hftue^ 1. Peter, — 2. Elizabeth. — 3. John. 

9. Mathew Stewart, bur. 13 Oct. 1792. s. p. 

10. Francis Walter, m. . . . (living in 1860.) 

11. Frances Stewart, " *' 

VIII. Elizabeth, b. 12 Jan. 1742-3, m. 6 Nov. 1768, John Ewetse, who was lost 

at sea, Sept. 1766. 
m. 2ndly. Silas Deane. s. p. 

IX. Mart, b. 28 Mar. 1744, m. Jeremiah Atwater, 19 Dec. 1797, d. 14 Aug, 
1820. s. p. 

X. Richard, b. 1 Jan. 1746-7. Sailed for Martinico, and supposed foundered 
at sea, 14 Mar. 1766. s. p. 

XI. Martha, b. 8 Oct. 1748, m. David Manwaring, 15 Jan. 1767, and d. 16 Oct. 
1828, (he b. 3 Feb. 1741, d. 8 May, \%(A.)—Haditme, 

1. William Manwaring, b. 12 Nov. 1767, d. 2 May, 1768. 

2. Rebecca, b. 27 Dec. 1768, m. Elisha Coit, 20 Jan. 1793, (living in 1848.) 

— Had iasiMj 

1. Martha Manwaring Goit, m. Thos. S. Williams, (living in 1848.) 

2. Mart Ann, m. Rev. Henry Blatchford. m. 2ndly Samnel Hubbard. 

3. William David. 

4. Susanna Manwaring, m. Thomas Adams. 

5. Sarah Lathrop, m. Charles Scndder. 

6. GURDON Saltonstall, m. Mary Ann Burbidge. 

3. Hannah, b. 29 Nov. 1770, d. 19 July, 1771. 

4. David M. Jr. b. 13 May, 1772, m. Lucy Colfax, d. July, 1811. 
6. Martha, b. 15 May, 1774, d. 24 Nov. 1788. 

6. Gurdon, b. 10 Nov. 1776, m. Ann Adams, d. 7 Jan. 1838. 

7. Lucy, b. 19 Dec. 1778, m. David Greene Hubbard, 26 Oct. 1799, who 

d. 29 Dec. 1825, (Lucy living in 1848.) — Had isBtte^ 

1. Ltdia Coit Hubbard, b. 10 Oct. 1800. 

2. William Joseph, b. 3 July, 1802, m. Eliza O. Chaplin, 15 Jan. 1828. m. 

2ndly Deborah G. Payson, 16 Sept. 1834.— (/Tod 8 children.) 

3. David Manwaring, b. 28 July, 1804. 

4. Elizabeth, b. 17 Oct. 1806. 

5. Martha Saltonstall, b. 26 Mar. 1808. 

6. Harriet Ann, b, 9 Mar. 1810. 

7. Charles Dudley, b. 13 Dec. 1811. 

8. Samuel, b. 22 Jan. 1814. 

9. Lucy, b. 23 Mar. 1816, m. Thos. Coit Fanning, 1 Oct. 1835.— (flodS children,) 

10. Daniel, b. 9 Oct. 1817. 

11. Lydia Coit, b. 6 Mar. 1819. 


Martha Manwarino, — (Continued.) 

8. Susanna, b. 23d Sept. 1783, m. GurdonBuck, 20 April, 1806, (who was 
b. 30 Dec. 1111,) she d. 13 April ISS9.— Had issue, 

1. David Buck, b. 29 Jan. 1806, m. Matilda S. Hall, 8 May, 1837. 

2. GURDON, b. 4 May, 1807, m. Henrietta E. WolfT, 27 July, 1836. 

3. Charles Dudley, b. 29 Nov. 1808, m. Sophronia Smith, 18 Sept. 1844. 

4. Daniel Winthrop, b. 27 Nov. 1810, d. at St Croix Island, 4 Mar. 1832. 

5. EDW^ARD, b. 6 Oct. 1814, m. Eliza G. Hubbard, (of Boston,) 8 June, 1841. 

6. Sarah, b. 28 Dec 1812, second wife of Jonathan D. Steele, m. 4 Sept. 1844. 

His Arst wife was Charlotte, da. of Nath. Richards, by Charlotte, da. 
of Giles Mumford, she d. 8 Jan. 1835. 

7. Elizabeth, b. 16 Nov. 1816, m. John Auchincloss, 3 June, 1835. 

8. Rebecca Coit, b. 1 Nov. 1818. 

9. George, b. 14 Aug. 1821, d. 29 July, 1824. 
10. Henry, b. 25 Nov. 1824, d. 9 Sept. 1831. 

XII. Henrietta Saltonstall, b. 19 Mar. 1749-50, m. John Still Miller, 16 'Mar. 
1'7'72, and d. 26 May, ISOI.—HadU Children. (See Pedigree T.) 

XIII. Gilbert, b. 21 Feb. l'761-2, m. Harriet Babcock, 2Y Mar. 1786, d. 1797, at 

N. York — Had issue, 

1. Gilbert, m. Eliz. Starr, 3 July, 1814, d. 1833, in Tuscaloosa. Shed. 1861, 

in N. Y. 

2. Gurdon, d. 1834, in Tuscaloosa. 

XIV. Sarah, b. 17 June, 1764, m. Daniel Buck, 3 Dec. 1776, who wash. 18 Jane, 

1744, and d. 6 Jan. 1808, (she d. ISSO.y— Had issue, 

1. Ann Buck, b. 24 Nov. 1776, d. 12 Dec. 1776. 

2. Gurdon, b. 30 Dec. 1777, m. Susanna Manwaring, 20 April, 1806, (living 

in 1848.) Had 10 children. (See Susan Manwaring, above.) 
8. Daniel, b, 27 Oct. 1779, m. . . . and had children. 
4. Charles, b. 21 Mar. 1782. 
6. Winthrop, b. 9 Dec. 1784. 

6. Ann, b. 12 Oct. 1786, d. 6 Feb. 1788. 

7. Dudley, b. 26 June, 1789, m. twice. 


"Gilbert Saltonstall, of Halifax, ^'purchased Rookes, in flipper- 
holme, and other lands ; had issue Samuell and Sir Richard Salton- 
stall, Knt. SherifFe of London, in the yeare of our Lord God 1688, 
and Lord Mayor of the same City in the yeare 1597, from whom de- 
scended the family of the Saltonstalls in London and Hartfordshire ; 
the said Sir Richard had also two daughters, — Anne, married to Mr. 
John Ilarbye, Citizen and Skinner of London, and free of the Com- 
pany of Merchants for Muscovia, Spain and the Easte Indies ; — Susan 
married to Richard Sunderland, of Coley, near Halifax, Esq. 


" Sainuell Saltonstall, of Rookes and Huntwicke, son and heire of 
Gilbert, married three wives ; first, Anne, daughter of Mr. John 
Ramsden, of Longley, by her had issue Sir Richard, Gilbert died 
younge. — ^To his second wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. Thomas 
Ogden, by her had issue Samuell, John, Thomas, Anne married to 
. . . , Elizabeth to Mr. Henry Bunnye, Mary to Mr. John Bateman, 
Margarett to Mr. Henry Gamble, and Barbara to Mr. Christopher 
Rasbye. — To his third wife, Mrs. Elizabeth Ami me of Hull, widow, 
by her had noe issue. 

" Sr. Richard Saltonstall, of Huntwicke, Knt. and heire of Samuell, 
was Justice of the Peace and Treasurer for lame soldiers in the West 
Riding of Yorkshire, the first yeare of the reigne of King Charles the 
First, married Grace, daughter of Robert Kaye, of Woodsome, Esq. 
had issue severall children, sons and daughters. After her death sold 
his lands and went with his children into New England, where he 
liv'd, and (as was said) married the daughter of the Lord Delaware, 
and in the troublesome times came into England and resided at Lon- 


" Samuell Saltonstall, of Rogerthorpe, eldest son of Samuell, by 
his second wife, married Barbara, daughter of Walter Rudston, of 
Hayton, Esq., had issue Samuell, Walter, Thomas, Richard died 
younge, and Frances married to Mr. Rosse, citizen of London. 

"Samuell Saltonstall. of Rogerthorpe, son and heire of Samuell, 
married Barbara, daughter and coheire of Mr. John Flower, of Meth- 
ley, had issue, Samuell. The said Barbara survived her said hus- 
band and was remarried to Mr. George Abbott, of Purston Jacklin^ 
near Pontefract, whom she also survived, and is now married to Mr. 
Robert Nunnes, of Methley, 1666. 

"Samuell Saltonstall, of Rogerthorpe, son and heire of Samuell, is 
living in the year 1666, married Mary, daughter of Mr. John Shann, 
of Methley, and hath issue." 

{From *' A Collection of the Pedigrees and Descents of severall of the Gentry 
of the West Riding of the County of ForA:<?.'')— Harleian MSS. 4680. 




MARGARET WINTHROP, of New London, (daughter of John 
Winthrop and Ann Dudley,) bap. 1717-18, m. 16 May, 1743, d. 
1803.— JEREMIAH MILLER, her husband, b. 19 Aug. 1719, 
buried 13 April, 1797. — Had issue, 

I. John Still Miller, baptized 3 Aug. 1Y46, m. 23 Feb. 1772, Henrietta 
Saltonstall, aud d. 2 Nov. 1824. — Had Usue, 

1. Jeremiah, b. 6 July, 1773, d. 19 July 1796. 

2. Ann, b. 13 Nov. 1774, d. 2 April, 1776. 

3. Ann, b. 10 Oct. 1777, d. 23 May, 1837. 

4. John S. M. Jr. b. 4 Sept. 1779, m. Dec. 1824, to Ann D. Colt, and d. 12 

May, 1842. — Had i&sue^ 

1. JOHN S. Winthrop, b. 13 Oct. 1825. 

2. Ann Dudlet S. b. 1 May, 1827, cL 21 Aug. 1828. 

3. GURDON W., b. 16 Feb. 1829. 

4. Ralph Hurlbut, b. 1 Sept 1830. 

5. Russell Hubbard, b. 26 June, 1833, d. 24 Aug. 1838. 

6. Mart Coit. 

6. William, b. 12 Nov. 1780, m. 20 Oct. 1805, to Sarah Taber, and d. 27 

Oct. IS2S.— Had isaue^ 

1. William J., b. 20 Aug. 1809, m. 20 June, 1838, Catherine D. Taylor. 

2. Sarah R., m. 1834, (no issue.) 

3. FRANCIS H., b. 3 Aug. 1818, d. 10 Sept. 1825. 

4. Henrietta S., b. 9 June, 1807, m. 15 Oct 1828, d. 29 May, 1829, (no issue.) 

6. Gurdon, b. 18 May, 1782, m. 2 Oct. 1824, (no issue.) 

7. Henrietta, b. 24 July, 1784. 

8. Dudley, b. 17 June, 1786. d. 26 Oct. 1786. 

9. Dudley, b. 6 Aug. 1787, d. 10 Nov. 1787. 

10. Frances, b. 22 Oct. 1788. 

11. Elizabeth, b. 18 Junff, 1789. 

12. Richard, b. 11 Oct. 1792, bur'd 21 Aug. 1797. 

13. Lucy, b. 27 Sept. 1794, m. about 1830, (no issue.) 
II. Jason, d. eariy in life. 

III. Gurdon Jason, m. about 1810, Mrs. Taizwant, Savannah, d. about 1814. 

IV. Jeremiah M. Jr., bap. 21 May, 1749, m. (in England,) d. abt. 1806, no issue. 
V. Mart, bap. 1 Nov. 1747, m. James Tilley, d. abt. 1800, no issue living. 

VI: Elizabeth, m. " '* d. abt. 1807, " 

VII. Margaret, or Margarata, bap. 10 June, 1760, d. about 1806, (unmarried.) 
VIII. Ann, bap. 16 Aug. 1762. 
IX. Katherine, bap. 3 April, 1767, d. in 1800, (unmarried.) 






JOHN STILL WINTHROP, (son of John Winthrop and Ann 
DuDLBT,) b. 15 Jan. 1719-20. d. 6 June, 1T76, m. 4 Sept. 1750, 
JANE BORLAND, (only daughter of Francis Borland, of Boston,) 
by whom he had issue 8 children. (She d. 5 April, 1760, Mi. 28.) — 
m. 2nd, 18 Nov. 1761, ELIZABETH SHIRREFFE or SHIRREFF, 
(da. of Wm. Shirreffe, of Annapolis, Nova Scotia, and widow of Capt. 
John Hay, of 40th Regiment,) who d. 24 June, 1793, and by whom 
he had six children. 

I. John, b. in New London, 20 July, 1761, d. in New York, 16 Nov. 1780, 

II. Jane, b. 1 Nov. 1762, m. 6 Dec. 1781, William Stewart, who d. 10 Sept. 
1798. She d. at Newport, R. I. 30 Nov. 1828.— JJarf u»ue, 
1. Nancy, b. at New London, 23 Oct. 1789, d. 16 April, 1859, unmarried. 
III. Francis Batard, b. 11 Mar. 1764, m. 22 April, 1779, Elsie, eldest da. of 
Thomas Marston, and d. in New York, 1« May, 1817. (She d. 27 
April, 1789. Mi. 29.)— Had issue, 

1. Cornelia, b. 1 Jan. 1780, m. 4 Mar. 1801, Charles Williams Taylor, and 

had isitue — 

1. Thomas Marston, b. 1 Mar. 1802. m. Lonisa M. Parker. 

2. John Winthrop, b. 3 May, 1803, d. 1 Mar. 1811. 

3. Cornelia Ann. 

4. Mary Alice, b. 25 Nov. 1820, d. 16 July, 1821. 

5. John Winthrop, m. Anna E. Parker. 

2. Ann, b. 26 May, 1783, d. 16 Aug. 1783. 

8. John Still, b. in New London, 14 Feb. 1786, d. 6 Sept. 1856, m. 14 
Aug. 1808, Harriet, second da. of Fitch Rogers, who d. at Stam- 
ford, 2 Mar. 1836, ^t. 4:S.— Had issue, 

1. Francis Bayard, b. in New York, 14 June, 1809, d. at Stamford. 7 July, 


2. Henry Rogers, b. in New York, 30 Jan. 1811, m. Margaret L. Hicks, and 

has iss^ie, a Ron and one daughter. 

3. JOHN Still, b. in New York, 11 Feb. 1813, m. Susan Armistead, d. 1860, and 

left issue, a son, John S. 

4. Charles FiDWARD Rogers, b. in New York, 8 Oct. 1816, m. DelUah Lipe, 

and has issue. 

5. Catherine Rogers..— 6 Cornelia, deceased. 
7. Harriet, deceased.— 8. Emily Rogers. 

9. Francis Bayard.— 10. Susan Remsen. 


Francis Batard, — (Oontinued.) 

4. Francis Bayard, JunV, b. in Boston, 20 Mar. 1Y8Y, m. 14 Aug. 1808, 
Julia Ann, 2nd da. of Moses Rogers, who d. 14 April, 1814, JSt. 
26. He d. at New Haven 21st Mar., 1841. — H<id iamcy 

1. Sarah Rogers, b. 28 Aug. 1810, d. 12 Feb. 1812. 

2. Edward, Rev. b. 19 Dec, 1811, m. Marian, da. of Thomas Penny, who d. 

S May, 1S38, and left isBne 1 daughter. 
Edtoard m. secondly Elizabeth Andrus. 

3. Charles Archibald, b. 25 Jan. 1813, m. 17 June. 1844, Jeanette, da. of 

Capt. John Bradley, who d. 11 Sept. 1846. 
Charles Archibald m. secondly Mary Boyer, of Caroline, N. Y., and 
thirdly, Mary Gray, da. of Henry Gray, of Boston. 

Francis Bayard^ JunW^ m. 2ndly. 29 Jan. 1816, Elizabeth, 2nd. da. of 
William W. Woolsey, of New Haven, and had isfue^ 

4. Theodore Woolsey, b. 31 Oct. 1816, d. 29 Sept. 1826. 

5. Elizabeth Woolsey. 

6. Francis Bayard, b. 27 Dec. 1822, d. 22 Feb. 1823. | 

7. Laura, m. W. Templeton Johnson. 

8. Theodore, b. 22 Sept. 1828, killed at Big Bethel, 10 June, 1861. 

9. WILLIAM Woolsey, b. 3^ug., 1831. 

10. Sarah Chauncey, b. 28 Nov. 1833. d. 30 Sept. 1834. 

11. Sarah Chauncey, b. 7 Dec; 1834, m. 1861, Theodore Weston. 

Francis Bayard, Senr. m. secondly, 15 May, 1790, Phebe, second da. of 

John Taylor, of New York. (She d. 20 Aug. 1841.) Had inut, 

6. William Henry, b. 25 Sept. 1*791, m. Y.June, 1818, Margaret Ann, da. 

of Richard W. Parkin and Mary Winthrop. — Had issue. (See 

VII, 7, Mary Winthrop, p. 129.) d. at New London, 1860. 

6. Charlotte Ann, b. 8 Jan. 1794, m. 18 Nov. 1816, John Myer Aspinwall, 

who d. in July, 1845, she d. in April, 1861. — Hadissv^^ 

1. Frances Charlotte. 

2. Charles Myer, b. June, 1820, d. July, 1820. 

7. Thomas Charles, b. 9 June, 1797, m. 27 Sept. 1828, Georgiana Maria, 

da. of John Kane. — Has issue, 

1. Charles Francis, b. 20 Mar. 1827. 

2. Maria Antoinette, m. Henry Barclay Robinson, and has issue. 

3. Robert, b. 18 Aug. 1833, m. Kate W. Taylor, and h€U issue. 

4. Grenville, b. 19 Feb. 1837, m. Elizabeth Van Schaick Oddie. 

5. Frederic, b. 3 Aug. 1839. 

6. Gertrude.— -7. Eugene.— 8. Clarence. 

8. Mary Jane, b. 26 Jan. 1799, m. 26 Oct. 1822, Thomas, youngest son of 

Richard W. Parkin, who d. 1861. — Hadissue^ 

1. Charles Hamilton, b. 9 Aug. 1823. 

2. George Sullivan, b. 8 July, 1824. d. a. p. 

3. Mary Winthrop.— 4. Isabella. 

5. Thomas Winthrop. b. 29 Aug. 1829. 

6. Emily Lawrence.— 7. Helen. 

8. Thomas Lindall, b. 24 Dec. 1840, d. 21 March, 1842. 



IV. Ann, b. 1 May, 1Y66, m. 6 June, 1Y86, David Sears, of Boston, d. 4 Oct 

1Y89, bur. at King's Chapel, Boston. He d. 27th Oct., 1816, 
JEt. 64. — Hadistue^ 
1. David, b. S Sept. 1*787, m. Miriam Olark, da. of Jonathan Mason, of 
Boston, M. C—'Rcul ismey 

1. David, d. yonng. 

2. Anna Powell Mason, m. ¥rilllam Amory, and hat ittue, 

1. William. 3. Harriet 3. Ellen. 4. Charlei Walter. S. Francis Inman. 

3. Harriet Elizabeth Dickason, m. G. Caiipar Crowlniihield, who d. and 

UJt i$9ue, 1. Caspar. 2. Fanny, 3. Oora. 

4. Cordelia Mason, d. nnmanried. 

5. Ellen, m. Gonzalve O. d'Hauteville, and hat istue, 1. Frederick Sears. 

6. David, m. Emily Esther Hoyt, and ha$ unie, 

1. Emily Esther. 2. David. 3. Miriam. 

7. Frederick Richard, m. Marian Shaw, and hat ittue, 1. Marian. 

2. Frederick Richard. — m. 2ndly Albertina Shelton, and h€U ittue. 

8. WINTHROP, d. young. 

9. Grace Winthrop, m. William C. Rives, Junr. and hat ittue, 

1. William Cabel. 2. Alice. 3. Arthur Landon. 
10. Kntvet Winthrop, m. Mary Peabody, and hat ittue. 

V. William, b. 6 June, 1756, d. in New York, 27 April, 1827, unmarried. 
VI. Joseph, (of Charleston, S. C.) b. 19 June, 1767, m. 6 Nov. 1788, Mary, da. 

of Alexander Fraser, of Charleston, S. C, d. in Charleston, 26 July, 
1828. (She d. 11 Sept. lSd2.)—JIadift8ue, 

1. Mary, b. 26 Aug. 1789, d. 14 Sept. 1846. 

2. Joseph Augustus, b. 16 Jan. 1791, m. 19 Feb. 1818, Maria Evelina, da. 

of Thomas Parker, of So. Carolina, and had tsmtf, 4 Sons and 
6 daughters. 
8. Jane, b. 21 July, 1792. 

4. Frederick, b. 6 Feb. 1794, d. 22 June, 1867 
6. William, b. 7 Aug. 1785, d. 2 Dec. 1848. 

6. Augustus, b. 3 July, 1797, d. 80 March, 1844. 

7. Charies, b. 28d 1800, d. 22 March, 1888. 

8. Elizabeth, b. 1 Oct. 1801. 

9. Ann, b. 9 Jan. 1806, d. 14 June, 1867. 

10. Henry, b. 16 Jan. 1803. 

11. Susan, b. 9 Jan. 1806, d. 14 Jan. 1867. 

12. John Alexander, b. 6 June, 1809. 

VII. Mary, b. 31 Jan. 1759, m. 9 July, 1786, Richard W. Parkin, in New Lon- 
don. (He d. 6 Sept. 1798, ^t. 49.}-'Had issue, 

1. Richard W., b. in New London, 2 March, 1788, d. 17 Mar. 1887. 

2. Mary, b. 1 June, 1791, died . . . 

5. John Still Winthrop, b. in New London, 26 Mar. 1792, m. Mary Anne, 

da. of Judge Hitchcock, and 2nd. Sarah da. of Ralph Thurman, of 
N. T. — hcui issue, 3 sons and 6 daughters. 
4. Jane, b. in New London, 16 Aug. 1793, m. 8 Feb. 1818, John Rowe 
Parker, and has issue, 1 daughter, Jane^ Winthrop. 

6. Thomas, b. in New London, 8 Nov. 1796, d. 2 Nov. 1861, m. 26 Oct. 

1822, Mary Jane, da. of Francis Bayard Winthrop and Phebe 
Taylor. (See HI, 8. p. 127.) 


Mart Parkin, — (Continued.) 

6. Mary, b. in New London, 15 Jan. 1*797, m. in 1826, William Wanton 

Saltonstall, of New London. — Hadissue^ 6 sons and 8 daughters. 

7. Margaret Ann, b. in New London, 30 Dec. 1798, m. 7 June, 1818, 

William Henry Winthrop, (son of Francis Bayard W. and Phebe 
Taylor, see III, 5. p. 127.) — Had iasuCy 

1. William Henry, b. 8 May, 1819, m. Mary C. Young. 

2. Thomas Parkin, b. 6 Dec. 1820, m. Augusta Van Dusen. 

3. Francis Bayard, b. 18 Sept. 1823, m. Margaret R. Mercer. 

4. John Taylor, b. 17 June, 1827, d. 27 July, 1829. 

5. Margaret Ann. 

6. Jane Parkin, m. Geo. F. Chester of New York. 

7. Mary Taylor, m. Deane Pratt. 

VIII. Thomas Lindall, b. 6 Mar. 1760, m. 25 July, 1786, Elizabeth Bowdoin, 

eldest da. of Sir John Temple, Bart. Settled in Boston, was 
Lieut. Gov. of Mass. and d. 22 Feb. 1841. (She d. 23 July, 1826.) 
— Had issue^ 

1. Elizabeth Bowdoin, b. 16 May, 1787, m. Rev. Dr. Tappan, died 1860, 

leaving issue^ 2 sons and 6 daughters. 

2. Sarah Bowdoin, b. 3 June, 1788, m. Geo. Sullivan, son of Gov. S. and 

has issue^ George and James, who assumed the name of Bowdoin, 
agreeably to the wills of Gov. B.'s son James and Sarah his wife. 

3. Thomas Lindall, b. 23 July, 1789, d. in Philadelphia, 12 Jan. 1812, s.V. 

4. Augusta Temple, b. 3 Nov., 1791, d. 18 Sept. 1792. 

5. Augusta Temple, b. 23 April, 1793, m. Dr. John Smyth Rogers, d. in 

Hartford, 7 Dec. 1828. — Left itsue^ 1. Frances Moore. 2. Henry. 

6. James Bowdoin, b. 28 July, 1794, d. 6 Mar. 1883. s.p. 

7. John Temple, b. 14 May, 1796, d. 6 May, 1848. s. p. 

8. Francis William, b. 1 Dec. 1797, d. 23 June, 1798. 

9. Francis William, b. 31 May, 1799, d. in Savannah, 7 Mar. 1819. s. p. 

10. Jane, b. 15 Mar. 1801, d. in Boston, 22 Feb. 1819. s. p. 

11. Ann, b. 14 April, 1803, m. Dr. J. C. Warren, d. 16 Dec. 1860. s. P. 

12. George Edward, b. 15 June, 1806. 

13. Grenville Temple, b. 23 Mar. 1807, m. Frances M. Heard, d. 14 Sept. 1862. 

Left issue^ 1. Elizabeth Temple. 2. Thomas Lindall. 8. Susan. 

14. Robert Charles, b. 12 May, 1809, U. S. Senator and Speaker of Ho. of 

Representatives, m. Eliza Cabot Blanchard, 12 Mar. 1832, who 
d. 14 June, 1842, and left issue^ 1. Robert Charles, m. Fanny 
Adams, {since deceased.) 2. Eliza Cabot. 3. John. — 
m. secondly, 6 Nov. 1849, Laura, da. of John Derby, and widow 
of Arnold F. Welles, (who d. 26 April 1861.) 

By Second Wife, Elizabeth Shirr eff : — 

IX. Benjamin, b. in New London, 17 Sept. 1762, m. 19 Jan. 1785, Judith, eldest 
da. of Petrus Stuy vesant, of New York. — Had issue, 
1. Peter WilHam, b. 25 Sept. 1787, d. 23 Feb. 1814. 



Benjamin Winthrop, — (Continued.) 

2. Eliza Shirreff, b. 4 Oct. 1789, m. 12 Dec. 1819, Rev. Johu White Chanler, 

(who d. 13 Jan. 1863.) — Had i88ue^ 

1. Margaret Stuyvesant, b. in So. Car. m. 22 July, 1841, Lewis MorriA 

Rutherfard. — Has issue, 

1. StnyveBant, (whose name wan changed to Rutherford Stuyvesant, by 

act of Legislature,) b. 2 Sept. 1842. 

2. Helen Rutherfard, b. 13 May, 1844, d, 5. Oct. 1845. 
8. Elizabeth Winthrop, b. 21 Jan. 1847, d. 3 Oct. 1847. " 

4. Margaret Rutherfurd. 

5. Louisa Morris Rutherfurd. 

2. Elizabeth Winthrop, b. in S. C. 12 Oct. 1824, m. 12 Dec 1855, Octavius 

White, M. D. of Charleston, S. C.—Has issue, Elizabeth Winthrop. 

3. John Winthrop, b. in N. Y. 14 Sept. 1826. 

4. Helen Sarah White, b. So. Ca., 1828. 

3. Egerton Leigh, b. 6 July, 1*792, d. Nov. 1834. 

4. Benjamin Robert, b. 24 Sept. 1*794, d. 10 Sept. 1800. 
6. Gerard Stuyvesant, b. 14 Aug. 1796, d. Nov. 1829. 
6. John Hay, b. 29 Nov. 1*798, d. April, 1840. 

1. Margaret Cornelia, in. 20 Nov. 1839, Geo. Folsom, of New York. — 
Has issue y 
1. Margaret Winthrop.— 2. Helen Stuyvesant.— 3. George Winthrop. 

8. Benjamin Robert, b. 18 Jan. 1804, m. 1 Oct. 1829, Eliza Ann Coles, da. 
of William Neilson, of N. Y. — Has issue, 

1. Eliza Shirreff. 

2. Charlotte Neilson, b. 2 Oct. 1834, d. 22 May, 1835. 

3. Mary Cornelia, b. 26 June, 1836, d. 30 June, 1845. 

4. Egerton Leigh, b. 7 Oct. 1838, m. Charlotte Troup, da. of Fred. Bronson. 

5. Charlotte Neilson, b. 18 April, 1841, d. July, 1847. 

6. Benjamin Robert, b. 30 Sept. 1843. 

7. Anna Neilson. 

8. William Neilson, b. 11 July, 1849 

X. Charles, b. 1*7 Oct. 1*703, d. in infancy. 

XL Robert, b. *7 Dec. 1*764, m. 23 Dec. 1804, Sarah Farbrace, of Dover, Eng- 
land, where he d. 10 May, 1832. (Brought up in the British 
Navy, attained the rank of Rear-Admiral in 1809 and ViCE- 
Admiral in 1830.) She d. 27 May, lS26.^Had issue, 

1. Robert Shirreff Trevanion, b. 24 Sept. 1806, d. 18 Feb. 1806. 

2. Elizabeth Jane. 

8. 4. Caroline Erskineand Mary, (twins,) d. 8 Sept. 1810. 
6. Ann Farbrace, b. 20 May, 1812, m. . . . Halliwell. 

6. Augusta Shipley, b. 21 Aug. 1814, d. 16 Jan. 1816. 

7. Hay Erskine Shipley, b. 18 Dec. 1816, married and has issue. 

8. Maria Rodney, b. 26 Oct. 1818, m. Col. Evans Morgan, Roy. Artil. 

9. George Teale Sebor, b. 18 Feb. 1822, m. Charlotte, da. of Lt. General 

Wood, C. B. K. H. 


JOHN STILL WIli^TEROP,— (Continued.) 

XIL Elizabeth, b. 17 April, 1766, m. 27 April, 1786, Jacob Sebor, of Middle- 
town, Conn, (who d. March, 1847.) She d. May, 1847. — H-adiuue^ 

1. Eliza Winthrop, b. 20 July, 1787. d. s. p. 

2. William Shirreff, b. 13 Jan. 1789. d. Oct. 1860, s. p. 

8. Margaret Yates, b. 15 Aug. 1790, m. 24 Feb. 1813, Henry Louis de 

Koven, who d. in Middletown, 7 Aug. 1840, Mi. 56. — Had iaatie^ 

1. Elizabeth Seror, m. 15 Sept 1834, Elijah Kent Hubbard, who cL in Chi- 

cago, 26 May. 18.39, JEt. 26.— Issue, 1. Elijah, b. in Chicago, 12 July, 
1835.— 2. Louis de Koven, b. in Chicago, 1 Feb. 1837. 
Elizabeth, m. secondly, Thomas Dyer, of Chicago. 

2. William, b. 22 April, 1815, d. 28 Aug. 1815. 

3. Mary Charlotte, m. 10 Aug. 1836, Hunn C. Beach, of New York.— 

Has issue, 

1. Henry, b. in Middletown, 6 Sept. 1837, d. 11 Dec. 1838. 

2. Mary, b. " " 7 Jan. 1840, d. 15 April, 1841. 

3. Helen. — 4. Mary. — 5. Elizabeth Winthrop. — 6. Margaret de Koven. 

4. Henrt, b. 24 Jan. 1819, m. Charlotte Le Roy, and had issue, 1. Le Roy — 

2. Henry L. Reginald. 

5. Margaret Marston, m. Dr. William B. Ca^j.—No issue. 

6. William, b. 9 May, 1824. 

7. Cornelia, m. Julius Wad8worth.-7«»«e, 1. Wm. Seymour. — 2. Philip Arthur. 

8. Frances Russell, m. Hon. Hugh T. Dickey.— Issue, 1. Robert— 2. Fanny 

de Koven. — 3. Cornelia. 

9. James, b. 19 Sept 1831. 

10. John, b. 15 Dec. 1833, m. Helen Haddock.— /««u«, 1. Louisa Haddock. 

4. Cornelia Ann, b. 24 Sept. 1793. d. s. p. 

5. James Montague, b. 29 Jan. 1796, d. in 1825, unmarried. 

6. Mary Augusta, b. 23 Mar. 1798, m. 17 Oct. 1820, Frederick Sheldon, of 

New York. She d. in New York in 1860. — Sad iasue^ 

1. Frederick, m. Amy Fearing, In 1857. 

2. Mary, m. Harrison Ritchie, of Boston. 

7. Harriet Emma. — 8. Charles Robert, b. 29 Nov. 1806. 

9. Louisa Jane. — 10. Henry, b. 1 June, 1815. 

XIII. Margaret Shirreff, b. 17 July, 1767, d. 7 Jan. 1822, m. 1 Jan. 1788, 

Adolphus B. Yates, of New York, who d. 7 Aug. 1799. — Had isstie^ 

1. Richard Augustus, b. 13 Oct. 1789. Admiral in British Navy. 

2. Robert Winthrop, b. 23 Oct. 1790, d. in London. 

3. Sophia Pollock, b. 3 Dec. 1793. 

4. Thomas White, b. 11 Feb. 1796, d. in New York. 

She married secotidLy^ 20 July, 1801, John Marston. — And had issne^ 

5. Mary Elizabeth, b. 21 Feb. 1802. — 6. John, deceased. 

7. Margaret, m. Amrai C. Young. — 8. Nathaniel Grant, deceased. 

9. William Henry, b. 9 Dec. 1808. d.— 10. Chas. Augustus, b. 12 Oct. 1810. 

XIV. Hknry, b. 19 Oct. 1768, d. in infancy. 



" The Family of the Winthrops came antieutly from Northumberland, they 
afterwards settled in a village not far from Newark, which was called Winthorpe ; 
from thence they came up to London and owned Marribone [Marylebone] Park, 
from thence they went to Groton, in Suffolk, where they lived many years ; and 
when the great persecution of good men was in England they came to America." 
— (Extract from a paper in Wait Still Wint?irop*8 handwriting^ in the possession 
of the late William H. Winthrop^ Enq.^ of New London.) 

John Winthrop, Gov. of Massachusetts Bay, 1630, Lord of the Manor of Groton, 

Suffolk, England, b. 12 Jan. 16YY-8, d. in Boston, 26 Mar. 1649, 

bur. at King's Chapel, Boston. 

John Winthrop, (his eldest son,) b. 12 Feb. 1605-6, elected Gov. of New 

Haven Colony, in 1657, and on the Union of Connecticut and New 

Haven Colonics, in 1665, was the first Gov. under the Charter, d. 

5 April, 16*76, in Boston. 

Fitz-John Winthrop, (his eldest son,) Gov. of Connecticut, b. 14 Mar. 

1638-9, d. 27 Nov. 1707. 
Wait Still, (second son,) Major General and Chief Justice of Massa- 
chusetts, b. 27 Feb. 1641-2, d. 7 Sept. 1717, bur. at King's 
Chapel, Boston. 
John Winthrop, (his only son,) b. 26 Aug. 1681, m. Ann, da. of 
Gov. Jos. Dudley, and d. 1 Aug. 1747, at Sydenham, in Eng- 
land. Buried at Beckenham, in same County. 
John Still Winthrop, (his son,) b. 16 Jan. 1720, m. Jane Bor- 
land, and 2d Elizabeth Shirrefif; d. 6 June, 1776, 
leaving the following sonsj — 
Francis Bayard Winthrop, of New York. — William, of 
New London. — Joseph, of Charleston, So. Car. — Thomas 
LiNDALL, Lieut. Gov. of Mass. — ^Benjamin, of New York. — 
Robert, Admiral in Br. Navy. {See Pedigree U.) 

END OF pedigrees. 





Extracted from the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 

" In the name of God, amen. The first daye of July, in the 
xxxiiij yere of the reigne of o"^ Soueraigne Lorde King Henry the 
Eighth, I, Edward Dudley, of the Citie of Westm' gentylman, beyng 
hole in mynde and perfytt rememberaunce, make this my last wyll 
in maner and forme as folowith : — First, I bequeth my soule vnto 
Almightie God my maker and redemer, and my body to be buryed 
wit'n the paryshe churche of Saynt Margretts, in Westm' aforsaide. 
Item, I bequeth to the highe Aulter of the sayd churche \\]s, \\\]d. 
Item, I bequeth to Edwarde Hopton, my servunte, a blake cote, my 
ashecolerd cote, garded with veluet, my sworde and my buckler* 
and a gowne w* two gardes of veluet. Item, I bequeth to John Bray, 
my horsse, brydell and saddell, and my new coUoryd cloke. Item, 
I bequeth to Anne Barons a redd peticote, upperbodyed with white. 
Item, I bequeth Joane Norfolke apayre of shetts and abolster for a 
bedd. Item, I bequeth Joane Foster apayre of shetts. Item, I 
bequeth Joane Nycolson apayre of shetts. Item, I bequeth John 
Borne my veluet jackett. Item, I bequeth to Wylliam Hosbuston 
my blake chamblet gowne. Item, I bequeth to John Barons my 
sattyn dublett. The resydue of my goodes wheresoever they be, my 
detts payd and my funeralls dischargyd, I bequeth them to the dis- 
posicion of Roger Dudley, to do dedes of charite for my soule, and 
all Christen sowles by the counsell and ouersight of Sr. Henry Mote, 
Curate of Saynte Margett's Church, in Westm' aforesayd. whiche 
Roger I make my soole executor, and Sr. Henry Mote myn overseer. 
Item, I bequeth to the sayd Sr. Henry, for his paynes, xxs. In wyt- 
nesse whereof, I, the sayd Edward, have caused this my presentewill 
to be wrytten the yere and daye afore expresyd. in the presens of 
Richard Ivye, Wylliam Massy e, John Naven and Thomas Wardall." 


" Quarto die mensis July Anno dni Millimo quingentesimo quad- 
ragesimo secundo comissa fuit. Admistracio onu et singulor honor 
iuriu et creditor diet defuncti ad vians intestat p. eo q executor in 
dco testo noiat in nunor etate est constitut. Dno Henrico Mote 
clico, de bene, &c. Ac de pleno et fideli inuentario, &c., confinend 
necnon de piano et vero compoto reddend. Ad sancta dei Eungelia 

{Signed,) Chas Dyneley, ) ^ 

John Iggulden, )■ t> • . „ 



LONDON.— 1563. 

Extracted from the RegUtry of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 

" In the name op God, amen. The nineth daie of Nouemhre, in 
the yeare of oure Lorde God one thousaunde fy ve hundrethe threescore 
and three, and in the fivethe yere of the raigne of oure Soueraigne 
Ladie Elizabethe, by the grace of God Queue of Inglond, Fraunce, 
and Irelonde, Defendor of the Faith, &c., I, Katherine Dudley, late 
doughter unto John Dudley, while he ly ved, Citisin and Draper of 
London, deceassed, beinge weake of bodie but notw*standinge in good 
and pfecte remembraunce, lawde and preise be therfor vnto All- 
mightie God, do make and ordeine this my presente testamente and 
laste Will, infourme ensuinge, that is to seye : Item, I recomend my 
soule vnto Almightie God, and my bodie to the earthe, from whence 
it cam. Item, I will that all suche debtes and dueties as of righte I 
owe, or order therein taken, be trulie pd. and as touchinge the order 
and disposicon of suche parte and porcon as late was geven me by 
John Gierke, my graundfather, late Citisin and Draper of London, 
deceased, Henrie Gierke, my uncle, Fellowe of Trinitie Colledge, in 
Cambridge, and the said John Dudley, my father, I geve and be- 
queathe in this wise, that is to seye : — Firste, I geve and bequeathe 
vnto my mother, Elisabeth Hatton, vj/. xiijj?. iiijrf. Item, I geve arid 
bequeathe unto and emongest the pore psoners w*inthe Citie ofLon- 


don, Three Poundes, w^^ u]L I will shalbe distributed accordinge to 
the good discreeon of myne executor. Item, I geve and bequeathe 
vnto and emongeste the children of Barnard Garter, begoten on the 
bodie of Agnes, my sister, now ly vinge, Three Poundes, to be paid 
them at their lawfull adge or dale of marriadge, first happeninge, and 
thone to be thother's heire, and yf it happen they all to decease be- 
fore the said Agnes, their mother, that then I geave and bequeathe 
the said ujl. unto the said Agnes, and yf it happen the said Agnes to 
decease before the said children, and the said children beinge deceassed 
as aforesaid, I geve and bequeathe the said three poundes vnto and 
emongeste the children of John Hilton, citizin and merchaunte tail- 
oure of London, then ly vinge. Item, I geve and bequeathe vnto and 
emongeste the children of the said John Hilton, the some of Three 
Poundes, which iij/. to be paid them as they shall accomplishe their 
lawfull adges or daie of marriadges firste happeninge, and thone to be 
thother's heire, and yf they all die before their lawfull adge or daie of 
marriadge, that then I geve the said iij^. unto the said Marie, their 
mother, and she deceassing before the said children, they, as aforesaid, 
being deceassed, I geave and bequeathe the same three poundes to the 
said John, their father. Item, I geve and bequeathe to Roger Dudley, 
my brother, vj/. xiijs. iiijof. Item, I geve and bequeathe unto Frauncis 
Dudley, my brother, Fyve Poundes, lawful money of Inglond, to 
be paid him at his lawfull age of one and twentie yeares, or daie of 
marriadge, and either of my said bretheren to be thother's heire of 
his parte or porcon, as aforeseide bequeathed. Item, I geve and be- 
queathe to William Warren Baker, Fyve Shillinges. Item, I geve to 

Spenser, merchaunte tailor, ijs. vjc?. The reste and residew 

of all my said parte and porcon, after my debtes paid, funeralles dis- 
chardged and legacies herein pfourmed, paid and dischardged, I geve 
and bequeath vnto Richard Hatton, citisin and drap. of London, 
my father, whom I make my sole executor of this my present testa- 
mente and laste will, and oversears thereof I make and ordeine the 
said Elizabethe, my mother ; and I vtterlie revoide and renownce 
voide all other willes before this tyme made. In witnes wherof I 
have to this my presente testamente and laste will, sette my scale, 
the daie and yeares abovesaide, in the presence of thies honest par- 
sonnes, Raphe Bynckes, John Tailour, drapers, Thomas Garret, 
clothe worker, citisins of London, and of me, George Gimby, ser- 
vunte wt George Kevatt, notarie publicke, by me Raphe Bynckes, 
p. me John Tailoure, by me Thorns Garret." 


l.-JS WILL <>K .l«»M\ l»ri»I.KV. 

*' I^KOUATUM tuit liiuui Tt*8taiiieiituin rorain inagi*u W altero Had- 
doii leguin Doctore Curie prerogative cant Cdmissar apud London. 
Vicesinu) die mensis Decemhris, Anno millimo Quingen©. Ixiij*^®- 
Juramento Rici Hatton, Executor in hmoi Testamento noiat, Qui 
Comissa fuit Administraco Omniu Bonoru de bene, &c. Ac de 
pleno Inventar, &c. Necnon de piano et vero compo. mde. redd. 
Ad sea. dei Evangel Jurat." 

{Signedy) Chas. Dyneley, 


John Iqqulden, > n • ^ 





Extracted from the Regietry of the Cominieeary Court of London, 

" In DEI NOMINE, AMEN. The xxixth day of the monythe of July, 
anno domini, 1545, I, John Dudley, cytizen and draper of London, 
being sycke in body and in perfecte mynde and memory e, laude and 
prayse be to Allmightie God, ordeyne and make this my presente 
testamete and last Will, in manner and forme following : — Fyrste, I 
gyve and bequethe my souU to Allmightie God, my Savyo*^, Re- 
deamer and Maker, to his bleassed Mother, Sainte Mary, ever Vir- 
gyn, and to all tholye companye of Heavyn, and my body to be 
buryed in xcen buryall within the precincte of the paved grounde at 
the Southe doore of the parryshe churche of Saincte Mighells, in 
Cornehill, in London, afore saide, whereof I am paryshener, as nye to 
my daughter as may be convenyent. Also, I will that all my hole 
goodes and substaunce to be devyded into three sound ry and equall 
partes, according to the custume and ordree of the Citye, that ys to 
say, one pte. to myself, to bury me wt^all and to fulfill my legacyes, 
the other pte. to my wife, and the thyrde pte. to my chyldren, equal- 
lie to be devyded amongest them at the yeares of dyscretion. And 
in case anny of my saide children doo depte. this mortall life before 
the yeres of dyscretion, then I will every on of them to be others 
hey re, then being a lyve. Item, I gyve to Thomas Dudley, my father. 


all that he doothe owe me as doothe apeare in my booke of reconynge. 
Item, I gyve the saide Thomas my beste gowne, my best jacket, and 
my doublet wt tawnye wighte satten sieves. Item, I gyve John 
Herde, draper, my gowne faced w*^ black dammask. Item, I gyve 
Elizabeth, my wyfe, my two leases of bothe my houses ; also, all 
the reeste of my goodes, moveable and immoveable, where soever 
they be, my body honestelie buryed, my legacyes and debtes paied, 
I hoUie gyve and bequethe them to Elizabeth Dudley, my wyfe, to 
bestowe them to the glorye of God, the healthe of my soull and all 
exen soulls. Also, I ordeyne and make myne executors of this my 
presente testamente and laste Will, my well beloved Elizabeth Dud. 
ley, my wyfe, and Thomas Dudley, my father. Also, I will that John 
Herde, draper, above named, to be over seer of the same, my saide 
testament and last Will, and so 1 comende my soull to Allmightie 
God, to whom be all honor and glory for ever, Amen. Wrytten the 
day and yere above named ; thees being wytnes : — Roberte Har- 
ry son, Curate of Saincte Mighells, above named ; Edward e Tan- 
fylde, lether seller; William Clerc, draper, with dy verse other." 

" Probatum fuit dictum testamentum coram magistro Johanne 
Crooke, commissario, &c., xxj™<* die mensis Octobris Anno domini 
1545, ac peum approbatum, &c. Commissa qe fuit p eum Administr, 
&c. executoribus inhmoi testamente nominate jurate, &c., Saluo iure, 

{Sig7ied,) Wm. Fox, Registrar, 



LONDON.— 1549. 

Extracted from the Registry of the Commissary Court of London, 

" In the name of God, amen. The xviijth day of the monythe of 
October, Anno dni. 1549'^«», and in the thyrde yere of the reigne of 
o' Souvrayne Lorde, Edwarde the syxte, by the grace of God Kinge 
of Englande, Fraunce and Irelande, Defendor of the Faithe and of 


the Churche of England e, and also of Jrelande, in earthethe supreame 
headde, I, Thomas Dudley, cytyzen and draper of London, being whole 
of mynde and in good remembraunce, make and ordeyne this my pnte 
testament and laste Will in manner and forme foUowinge, that ys to 
say : — Fyrste and prinoipallie I corny tte my soull to God Allmightie, 
my maker, savyo' and redeam', and my body to bee buryed in the 
churche yarde of Sainte Myghell. upon Coniehill, in London. Item, 
I will that all suche debtes and duytes as 1 owe of righte or coscience 
to any psonne or psonnes bee well and truyly payed by myne exe- 
cutrix under named, and after my debtes payed and my funerall 
chardge doonel and pformed, thole resydue of my goodes, cattails, 
and debtes, whatsoever they bee, I wholy gyve and bequeathe to 
Margaret, my wyfe,* she therew* to doo and dispoose her owne will 
and to doo w^ the same as she shall thynke mooste good for thealthe 
of ray soull, which Margaret, my wyfe, of this my pnte testamente 
and laste Will, I make myne Exeeulrice. And I utterlie revoke and 
disanull all former wills, testaments, bequeestes, legacies and execu- 
tors before this tyme made. And I will that this stande and remayne 
for my very laste will and testamente. In wytnes whereof to this 
my present testamente and laste will, I, the said Thomas Dudley, 
have sett my seall. Dated the day and yere above saide, thees 
psonnes beinge pnte and wytnes specially reqyred to the same : — 
Robert Hardy, Thomas Gall." 

'' pROBATUM fuit hmoi testametum coram magro Roberto War- 
myngton official!, &c., xxiij© die menss Januarij, Anno domini 1549, 
iurameto execu^** in dco testameto nominate cui Commissa fuit ad- 
ministratio bonor ipins defuncti iurate, &e. Saluo inre, &c." 

(Signed,) Wm. Fox, 


* In the register of St. Michaels, Cornhill, London, is the foUowing entry 
1651, Jan. 29, '* Was buryed — Margaret, at Dudleys." 
Query. — The widow of this Thomas Dudley ? 




JP^om the original in the Suffolk Probate Offlee^ Boston^ Mattachusettt, 

" This is the last Will and testament of mee Thomas dudley of 
Rooksbury in New England, made in my p'feot health the sixth and 
twentieth day of Aprill, in the yeare of our lord} one thowsand six 
htindreth fFyfty and two : ffor my soule I commend it into the hands 
of my God, in whome I have beleeved, whome I have loved, w<a he 
hal^ promfeed to receave in Jesus Christ my redeemer and saviour, 
w**" whome I desire ever to be : leavinge this testymony behind mee 
for the vse and example of my postery ty and any other vpon whome 
it may worke, that I have hated And doe hate every false way in 
religion, not onely the old Idolatry and sup'stieon of Popery [w®*^ is] 
wearinge away, but much more (as beinge much worst) the new 
heresyes, blasphemyes and errors of late sprunge vpp in our native 
Countrey of England and secreatly receaved And fostered here more 
then I wish they were : ffor by body I desire to be buyried neere the 
grave of my first wife if my present wife be livinge at my death : 
ffor my temporall estate, I intend to dispose of it as iustly and 
equally as I can contrive it betweene the posteryty of my children 
by my first wife and my children by my last wife, accountinge Tho- 
mas dudley and John dudley my grandchildren (whome I have 
brought vpp) in some sorte as my immedyate children : ffirst there- 
fore I will that what I covenanted at my marryage w**^ my present 
wife to give to her and such children as I should have by her be 
made good vnto them w*^ this addicon and explanacon that all my 
lands in Rocksbury beinge duely valued by my executors hereafter 
named togeather w**^ all my goods, debts, plate, howshold stuflfe and 
bookes beinge inventoryed speedy ly after my decease be summed 
vpp, And then my will is that my sonne Joseph dudley should 
have a double porcon and Paule dudley and deboray dudley each of 
them a single porcon, the land being to goe to Joseph accordinge to 
my foremenconed covenant and the goods and debts to Paul and 



deborah ; and if the land amount to more than a double porcon, 
then to take out of the same from Joseph, and to give it to Paule and 
deborah, and if the land will not make a double porcon for Joseph 
then to take soe much out of the goods from Paule and deborah and 
give to Joseph : and if any of these my three children dye before 
they receive their porcons my will is that the survivors or survivor 
shall have the same equally devyded betweene them if two survy ve 
or all if one onely survy ve what the other should have had if they 
had ly ved : and my will and desire is that as any annuyties or pay- 
ments shall come to my executors hands, that they would make new 
bargaines for the same such as I was wont to make for the benefytt 
of my children and the increase of their porcons and to take good 
securyty for the same : soe that my present wife and my three chil- 
dren are to have all my lands goods and debts, Except what I now 
hereafter bequeath and give to others I therefore herebj' give and 
bequeath vnto the children of my sonne Samuel dudley (other then 
Thomas dudley and John dudley before named) the inherytance of a 
sixth p'te of my my 11 at waterton and of [the house] and ffyfteene 
acres of land w^^ the appurtenancs lyeinge and beinge in waterton 
aforesaid, togeather w*^ a sixth p'te of the debt w^^^ [Thomas] Mahew 
his heires executors admidstrators doe owe mee for not p'forminge 
their bargaine w**^ mee for w<^^ the said myll was [part of] my as- 
surance to be equally devyded betweene them And their heires and 
' if any of them dye vnder age, then my will is the surviving children 
of them shall inheritt the same, also I give to the children of my 
daughter Bradstreete the inherytance of another sixth part [of all the] 
same myll lands and debt to them and their heires and the survivors 
of them as to my sonne dudley es children : also I give to the children 
of my daughter denyson another sixth part of the same to them and 
their heires and the survivors of them as aforesaid : also I give to 
the children [of my] daughter woodbridge the inheritance of another 
sixth p'te of the same and the survivors of them as aforesaid : also I 
give to the aforesaid [Thomas] dudley the inheritance of another 
sixth part of the same to him and his heires, and to the aforesaid 
John dudley the other sixth p'te thereof to [him] and his heires; and 
if the said Thomas dudley or John dudley shall dye vnder age then 
my will is that the survivor of them shall have his brothers [part to] 
him and his heires : and my will and meaninge is that if my sonne 
Samuell dudley or any of my three daughters Bradstreete denison or 


woodbridge shall have any more children than they already have, 
tiiey shall [have] equall shares w*^ the rest of their brethren and sis- 
ters respectively, and my will is that the partyes to whome the said 
myll and lands in [waterton and] Thomas Mayhewes debt is hereby 
bequeathed, shall enter vpon the same the twentieth day of October 
next after my death "and not before : and my will is that all the evi- 
dences concerninge the said myll lands and debt shall be putt into the 
hands of my sonne dudley because hee and his children have hereby 
most interest therein, and the rest may take coppyes thereof : Pro- 
vided alwaies and my will is. That every of these p'sones to whome 
I have hereby given the said myll and lands at waterton and the debt 
of Thomas Mahew, shall (pay each of them twenty shillinges apeice 
yearly to my daughter Sarah Pacy, to be paid her halfe yearly for 
and duringe her naturall life if shee soe long continew to dwell in the 
Jurisdiccon of the Massachusetts, soe that shee may have six pounds 
yearly paid her duringe that tyme also I give to the deacons of the 
Church at Rocksbury fFy ve marcks to be by them distributed to the 
poore of the said to wne accordinge to their discrecons : also my will 
is that all the legacyes I shall expresly give to any p'sons by [write- 
inge] eyther vndemeath, or on the backside of this my will, or in any 
schedule hereto to be annexed in my life tyme shalbe duely paid 
vnto them, my due debts beinge first paid and discharged ; and of 
this my will I hereby make Executors my worthy And beloved 
freinds John Elyott Teacher of the Church at Rocksbury, Samuell 
danforth Pastor of the said Church, John Johnson surveyor general] 
of the armes and willm Parke deacon of the said Church, givinge to 
each of them if they shall live two yeares after my death fFy ve pounds 
apiece, or if any of them die before that tyme, then to those that shall 
be then lyvinge intreatinge them as my last requeast that they will 
doe for mee and myne as I would have done for them and theirs in 
the like case : In my former wills I had named my sonnes for my 
Executors, but better consideringe of their remote dwellinge, where- 
by they cannot soe often meete to receave my annuities and make 
fresh bargaines as my case requireth and soe losse and inconvenience 
would arise to my yonger children, I have rather chosen my afore- 
said freinds to be Executors in trust onely and not for their owne 
benefitt : I have written all this w*^ myne owne hand the day and 
yeare above written and have inscribed my name and sett my scale 


Tho: Dudlby," [seal.] 


" I give to Thomas dudley my grandchild Ten pounds a yeatis for 
two yeares after my death besides what I shall owe the CoUedge fckr 
him at my death. 

I give to John dudley my grandchild fTyfteene pounds a yeare for 
three yeares afler my death. 

I give to my wife the tyme and interest I have in John Ranken if she 
soe longe live And continew a widow, also I give vnto her all the 
rent and proffitt^ of my myll at waterton from the day of my death 
till the twentieth day of October then next followinge, vpon condicon 
that shee shall give my daughter Sarah Paey her dyett and lodginge 
&c or after the rate of six pounds by the yeare in Hew thereof vntill 
shee is to receave what I have given her out of my myll I meane her 
first payment thereof." 

[Codicil first.] 

" Whereas my sonne Samuell dudley hath lately bene import 
tunate w*^ mee to mainetayne his sonne Thomas dudley at the Col- 
ledge at Cambridge vntill the moneth of August w^^^^ shalbe in th^ 
yeare of our lord 1654. At w<* tyme (if hee live) hee is to take 
his second degree, I have consented thereunto, but soe that the care 
of the educacon of my yonger children doth compel mee to retract 
and revoke from my said sonne Samuel and his other childr^i and 
their heires the sixth part of all my myll and lands at waterton w*^ 
the appurtenances and to revoke and call backe also Twenty poundjs 
I gave to the said Thomas dudley his sonne, and fTorty and ffyve 
pounds I gave to John dudley another of the sonnes of my said sonn^ 
Samuell dudley : w®^ I hereby doe, makeinge those bequeasts in my 
will to w^ this schedule is annexed vtterly void yett because it is 
not equall that John dudley aforesaid (who hath been serviceable to 
mee) should loose any thinge by my beneficence to his brother : I 
doe hereby give and bequeath vnto him the said John dudley And 
his heires all the said sixth part of my myll and land at waterton w^ 
the appurtenancs thereof w®^ I had formerly given and bequeathed 
to his fiather and his heires or his yonger brothers and sisters, soe 
that I have hereby setled a third part of the said myll upon him the 
said John dudley and a sixth part thereof upon the said Thomas 

Witnes my hand this thirtieth day of Aprill 1653. 

Tho: Duiobt. 


my will is that this schedule be annexed to my will and be as au- 
thentioall as the same : and my meaninge and will is that this sixth 
part of the myll at waterton be charged w**^ twenty shillings a yeare 
to be paid to my daughter Sarah Pacy as before this schedule was 

[Codicil second.]* 

** I will that my Daughter pasi have given her a fether bed <& 
bolster, which she had when she lived last at bosten one yellow rug 
<& to blankets of the worser sort 2 pair of litel shets & a chest : May 
28, 1653. 

Tho: Dudlby." 

[Third Codicil.] 

" The charge of my long sicknesse, I thereby being disenabled to 
make bargaines as I was wont for the upholding of my estate, I find 
myne estate thereby <& by other meanes so weakened, that the due 
care of my three yong childrens education compelleth mee to revoke 
and detract a sixt part of what I had given to mine other children <& 
grandchildren out of my mill at Watertowne & settle it upon my 
said three yonger children, I do therefore hereby recall and detract 
from my said other children a sixt part out of every share which by 
my will I had formerly given vnto them, and do hereby give and be- 
queath every of the said sixt parts vnto my said three yongest chil- 
dren and to their heires to their own proper vse, witnesse my hand 
to this schedule also 

Tho: Dudley. 
Witnesse, Samuel Danforth who wrote 
this as Mr. Dudley dictated to mee by 
his direction this 8th day of July: 1653." 

[Fourth Codicil.] 

" My will is that my three yonger children shalbe rateably 
charged for what is here given them to my daughter Sarah Pacy as 
the other are. 

Tho: Dudley." 

* The second codicil appears to be in the handwriting of some other person. 



" pj^sent 

Rich. Bellii^gham Esq. 
Mr. Wm. Hibbins 
Mr. Jno. Glou^sr 
& y® Recorder, E. R. 

Mr. Jno. Jn°son on the 15tli of August 
1653 Appeared before the magis** and 
did on his oath p'sent this as the last 
will and testament of Thomas dudley 
late of Roxbury Esq' which was found 
in the chest of the said Thomas dudley 
p'sently after his decease vnder locke 
& key and that he knew of none other : 
And that he also found the three shed- 
ules here Anexed Inclosed in the box 
w*^ the will. 

Edward Rawson, Recorder. 

The magisw did allow and approove of this will 

w*^ the schedules Annexed the day and yere above 


Edward Rawson Recorder." 

*»* The words between brackets [ ] being defaced or obliterated in the ori^nal, are taken 
from a copy of the Will in the Probate 0£Sce. 




In the State Paper Office^ London^ is the following^ among the Colonial 

Records : — 

1630. " Names of the principal undertakers for the plantation of the 
Massachusetts Bay, that are themselves gone over with their wives and 

" John Winthrop, Governor, and three of his sons ; Sir Rich. Saltonstall, 
and five children; Isaac Johnson, Lady Arbella, his wife, and Mr. Charles 
Fines, sister and brother to the Earl of Lincoln ; Mr. Dudley, his wife and 
six children;* Coddington and wife; Pincheon, wife and two daughters; 
Vassall and wife, and Mr. Revell." 


" For the Rt. Hon. Lord Oarleton." 


The following admirable sketch is from the pen of Judge C. P. Daly, of 
this city, prefixed to his " History of the Court of Common Pleas for the 
City and County of New York."t 

" Joseph Dudley, the first chief justice of the colony of New York, was 
the son of Governor Dudley of Massachusetts. He was born in 1647, and 
graduated at Harvard. Having been designed by his parents for the mi- 
nistry, he studied divinity, but the limited sphere and unostentatious lif 

* These would be — 1. Samuel — ^2. Ann. — 3. Patience. — 4. Mercy. — 5. Sarah. — 6. Dorothy, 
t Historical Sketch of the Judicial Tribunals of New York, from 1623 to 1646, by Charleu P. 
Daly, one of the Judges of the New York Commoa Pleas. 8vo. New York, 1855. 



of a New England clergyman, at that period, presented no attraction to a 
man of his worldly views and ambition. He accordingly gave np divinity, 
entered into political life, and was shortly after elected a delegate from 
Roxbnry. In 1682 he was the agent of the colony of Massachusetts, in 
England, and upon the Union of Massachusetts and New Hampshire under 
one government, in 1685, he returned to Boston, and was made, under 
Andros, president of the governor's council ; at which period he is enume- 
rated by Dongan, as among a very few who might be relied upon as loyal 
and well affected to the king. Throughout the administration of Andros, he 
supported all the measures of that unpopular governor ; and as he presided 
as judge upon political trials, was especially serviceable in enforcing the 
despotic colonial policy of James. When the people of Boston rose against 
the government of Andros, upon receiving intelligence of the revolution in 
England of 1688, and of the declaration of the Prince of Orange, Dudley, 
with other obnoxious persons, was thrown into prison. To a more scru- 
pulous or less indefatigable 9ian, the downfall of James, and the part he 
had played under his government, would have cut off all hopes of immedi- 
ate advancement ; but Dudley was no sooner released from prison, than he 
went to England, and ingratiated himself so fully into the favor of the new 
ministry, that in little more than a year he received an appointment as a 
member of the council for New York, with the promise of a judicial station 
when the government of Sloughter should be fully established. Upon his 
arrival in New York, at the close of 1690, he at once joined the anti Iieis- 
lerian party, and upon the arrival of Governor Sloughter, in 1691, he was 
placed at the head of the special commission of the oyer and terminer, for 
the trial of Leisler, which he conducted as chief, or principal judge. After 
the passage of the act above referred to, he was appointed chief justice ; 
but the Leislerian party having obtained the mastery in 1 692, he left the 
province, and was shortly thereafter removed by Governor Fletcher from 
the office of chief justice, and Chief Justice Smith appointed in his place. 
This second reverse of fortune, however, was but of temporary duration. 
He again went to England, in 1693, and in a very short time became a 
member of parliament for Newtown,* where, some years afterwards, he 
made strenuous but ineffectual opposition to the reversal of Leisler^s at- 
tainder. He sat in parliament for eight years, during which time he was 
appointed lieutenant governor of the Isle of Wiglit. [Lord Outts being go- 
vernor.] He had now reached a position that might have satisfied a man 
of ordinary ambition ; but, to quote tlie language of a New England writer, 
he preferred to be the first man in New England, to any subordinate posi- 
tion in the mother country ; and accordingly, in 1702, he received a com- 
mission from Queen Anne, appointing him governor of MassachusettcJ. He 
was governor of Massachusetts for thirteen years, and died in 1720, after a 

" lu the Me of Wight, 


"life marked by many vicissitudes and changes, at the age of 72. Governor 
Dudley, or as he is usually designated by Massachusetts writers, the second 
Governor Dudley, was in an intellectual point of view, a highly accom- 
plished man. He had the advantage of an excellent education at his outset 
in life; had studied divinity and law; afterwards, and in an age distin- 
guished for its activity in metaphysical inquiries, he was attracted to and 
devoted much of his time to the cultivation of philosophy. His love of 
study, however, and the extensive knowledge he had acquired, had little 
effect upon his character, for he was essentially a worldly minded man, 
with whom the possession of power and of exalted station was the chief 
end and object of life. Struggling throughout the principal part of his ca- 
reer for power and place, he was not over scrupulous as to the means he 
employed. Cringing with low servility to those he despised, and using the 
information he possessed, secretly, to the disadvantage of the interests of 
the colonies, when he expected thereby to forward his own. The thirteen 
years that he was governor was the most useful and blameless period of 
his life ; but his antecedents had been such, that his government was bit- 
terly assailed by his enemies ; unfounded charges of corruption were made 
against him, and he was frequently referred to as mainly responsible for the 
guilt of Leisler^s blood, and held up to public execration as a common mur- 
derer. It is to be taken in vindication of his character, that if he was 
fiercely assailed by his enemies, he was warmly supported and steadfastly 
adhered to by his friends ; and that some of his good qualities were so 
prominently conspicuous, as to be fully acknowledged by those who were 
opposed to him. As a public man, he was exacting and ceremonious ; di- 
ligent in the discharge of the duties of his station, and disposed to adminis- 
ter public affairs uprightly, where it did not conflict too much with his own 
interests. Throughout his life he was scrupulous in the observance of the 
outward conventionalities of religion ; and in the latter part of it, had the 
reputation of being, and may have been, a sincere Ohristian. In all that 
belongs to the domestic duties, and in the more private relations of life, 
his conduct would seem to have been unexceptionable ; and his character 
is very well summed up by the remark of Hutchinson, that he had as many 
private virtues as was consistent with a man of his worldly aims and aspi- 
ring ambition." 

*** 3 N. Y. Col. Doc. 364, note. 1 Smith, 123. 2 Hutchinson's Mass. 198. Allen's Biographi- 
cal Dict'y, 350. 2 Bancroft, 427, 445. 

152 GBEAT 8EA1. 


Historical Account of the Great Seal of Xew England, during ike 

tratioa of Sir Edmund Androe^ which was aleo^ during a brief period^ 
the Seal of the Province of Xew York.* 

The Great Seal mentioned io the note at foot of page 77, as attached to 
the Patent appointinfr Joseph Dudley, William Stonghton. and Peter 
Bnckley, as a Court of Admiralty in New England, has an historic interest 
connected with it, that I was not aware of, when that note was printed. 

In September, 1685, Thomas Dongan, then Governor of the Province cf 
New York, wrote home to England, that ^^ a new seal of this Province is 
very mach wanting, and y« people extraordinary desirous to have y« Eing^a 
Seal to their Patents and other papers that concern them.^ 

No new seal, however, appears to have been provided until the 14th 
August, 1687, when a warrant was issued for it by James XL It is de- 
scribed in the warrant, as ^^ engraven on the one side with our royal effi- 
gies, on horseback, in arms, over a laudskip of laud and sea, with a rising 
sun and a scrole containing this motto: — Alivsq. et Idem. And our titles 
round the circumference of the said bcal : there being also engraven on the 
other side, our Royal Arms, with the Garter, Crown, Supporters and 
motto, with this inscription round ye circumference — Sigillum Protincim 
NoitrcB Noti Eboraei, &c. in America.^'^l 

In 1686, in the second year of James II. Sir Edmund Andros had be^i 
appointed Governor of the New England Colonies, whereupon a new Great 
Seal for New Enghind was ordered, which is thus described in the receipt 
dated 29 Sept. 1686, given for it by Andros, which is preserved in the State 
Paper Office, London.§ Andros arrived in Boston on the 20th Decem- 
ber, 1686. 

^' Engraven on the one side with His Majesty^s effigies standing under a 
canopy, robed in his royal vestments and crowned, with a sceptfe in the 
left hand, the right hand being extended towards an Englishman and an 
Indian, both kneeling; the one presenting the fruits of the country, and the 
other a scroll, and over their heads a cherubin holding another scroll, 
with this motto — Nunquam libertas gratior extat^^'* with his Majesty's 
titles around the circumference ; there being on the other side, the King's 

* A fac-itimile engraving of tbiH will be found opposite the title page, 
t N. Y. Col. Hint. UI, 365. \ Ibid, m, 427. § N. E. Col. HIrt. IV, 267. 


Arms, with the Garter, crown, supporters and motto, and this inscription 
round the circumference: — Sigillum Novob Anglim in America^ 

In 1688, when James II. joined and annexed to the government of the 
New England Colonies, the Province of New York and East and West Jer- 
sey, with the territories thereunto belonging, he directed that the seal ap- 
pointed for New England should be thenceforth made use of for all that 
territory and dominion, and that the seal for New York should be de- 
stroyed. He also directed Gov. Dongun, in resigning the government, to 
surrender the seal to Andros. 

The " Instructions for Sir Edmund Andros," preserved in the State Paper 
Office, London, contain the following : — " And whereas since our acces- 
sion to the crown. Wee have appointed a new seal for our Colonies of New 
England, as also another seal for our Province of New York, which being 
now united under one government, Wee do hereby direct and require that 
the seal appointed for the said Colony of New England, be henceforth 
made use of for all that our territory and dominion in its largest extent 
and boundaries aforementioned, and that the Seal for our Province of New 
York be forthwith broken and defaced in your presence."* 

This was done on the 11th August, 1688, and the proceeding is thus 
described by an eye-witness : — "Upon His Excellency's return to Boston, he 
received His Matie» gracious commission for the annexing the Province of 
New York and ye East and West Jerseys to His Ma^^eg territory of N. 
England, whereupon he addressed himself to that service with all conve- 
nient speed, and being accompanied with severall of the Members of His 
Ma*ie8 Councill, arrived at New Yorke on Saterday, the 11th of Sept. 
[Aug't] last, being mett by a regiment of foot and a troop of horse be- 
longing to that place. His Ma^i®" commission was read in ye fort, and 
afterwards published at ye Citty Hall, and immediately His Excellence 
sent for and received from Col. Dongan the seal of the late Govt, which 
was defaced and broken in Councill : then a proclamation for continuing 
the revenue, and all persons, civill and military, in their respective offices, 
till further order, was publi8hed."t 

The arrangements made by virtue of these instructions lasted for a very 
short period, — only seven months, — Andros being deposed in April, 1689, 
on the abdication of James II. 

Chalmers, in speaking of this Great Seal of New England, says that it 
was " honoured with a remarkable motto." 

Mr. Geo. U. Moore, the Librarian of the Historical Society, having aided 
me very materially in tracing the history of this seal, furnishing me with 
much of the information now given, has traced the origin of this ** re- 
markable motto," which he found in Claudian, the last of the Latin 
Classic Poets, who in his panegyric on the Consulsliip of the famous Van- 
dal Stilicho, says — 

* InatructionB for Sir Edmund Andros, N. E., XXXUI. 546. t N. Y. Col. Hist., III. 567. 



{Liberty is never more acceptable than under a pious King.) 

The idea being that a good government and a rationable degree of 
liberty are then united. The seal denotes Colonial subjection to the 
Grown, as to the population, wishes, and productions of the country. 

In the seal the latter portion of the quotation from Olaudian was very 
wisely omitted by the King, he doubtless feeling that his claim as a " pious 
King" was very slender, and might be disputed, even though his grand- 
father claimed to be " Vicegerent of God." 

Desirous of knowing whether any impression of this seal existed among 
the archives in the State House at Boston, I examined, with the assistance 
of Mr. Pulsifer, of the Secretary of State's Office, the documents there 
preserved, but failed in meeting with any. Dr. O'Callaghan has examined 
tjie archives at Albany, — no impression of this seal is there to be found. 
One of the most diligent and trustworthy of the recent writers on New 
England History, (Mr. Arnold,) says, " No copies of the Andros seal ap- 
pear in the British archives." That in my possession is in good preser- 
vation, and is, in all probability unique ; — the only impression extant ; 
unless any may be found in private collections. 

The document to which this seal is attached, is also Qf interest. The 
commission of Sir Edmund Andros, dated 7 April, 1688, contains the 
following : — t 

" And Wee do hereby give and grant unto you the said Sr Edmund 
Andros, foil power and authority to erect one or more Court or Courts 
Admirall within said territory and dominion, for the hearing and deter- 
mining of all marine and other causes and matters proper therein to be 
heard and determined, with all reasonable and necessary powers, authori- 
ties, fees and privileges." 

Under this authority a Court of Admiralty was appointed, consisting of 
Joseph Dudley, William Stoughton and Peter Buckley. J 

Joseph Dudley was the first Chief Justice of New York, and was after- 
wards Governor of Massachusetts. See sketch of his life, from the pen of 
Judge C. P. Daly, in the " Historical Sketch of the Judicial Tribunals of 
New York, from 1623 to 1846."§ 

With the view to the preservation and safe-keeping of this interesting 
Seal^ I have presented it, (together with the document to which it is 
attached,) to the New "Yobk Histobioal ^Society, to be kept among its 

* In singular connection with this, I find the motto to the Arms of Viscount Sidmonth, Home 
Secretary in the reign of Geo. III. to be " Lihertas sub re^epio,'* {Liberty under a pious King.) 
Lord Sidmouth, before he was advanced to the Peerage, (then Mr. Addington.) waB, in 17f>6, 
elected Speaker of the Houwe of Commoim. 

N. Y. Col. Hist. Ill, 540. ♦ See pp. 77-79 of the present work. § See pp. 149-151 of Addenda. 



Though not related to the Dudleys, Thomas Sutton was connected with 
that family by marriage with Elizabeth, widow of John Dudley, of Stoke 
Newington, near London, and as well by his preferment to oflSce by the 
Dudleys, Earls of Warwick and Leicester, whereby he laid the foundation 
for that immense fortune which he afterwards acquired. He was born in 
the year 1532, was made Secretary to the Earl of Warwick, and occasion- 
ally, it is said, to the Earl of Leicester. By the Earl of Warwick, who was 
Master General of the Ordnance, Mr. Sutton was made Master of the Ord- 
nance at Berwick, and in 1569, at the recommendation of Warwick and 
Leicester, he was made Master General of the Ordnance in the North, for life. 
While residing in the Nortli he obtained the lease of the manors of Ghites- 
head and Wickham, in the Bishoprick of Durham, and neighbourhood of 
Newcastle-upon-Tyne, which leases were renewed in the reign of Elizabeth 
for 79 years. His wealth, through these means, had accumulated to such 
an extent, that it is related that on his going to London in 1580, he took 
with him two horse loads of money ; was reputed to be worth £50,000, as 
was certified in Chancery by his servant, John Thompson. This evidence 
appears to have been elicited in a suit of Francis Popham, (eldest son of 
Sir John Popham,) against the executors of Thomas Sutton, — Francis Pop- 
ham having married Sutton's step-daughter, only child and heiress of John 
Dudley, of Stoke Newington, and Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of John 
Gardiner of Grove Place, Chalfont St. Giles, in Buckinghamshire. This 
John Dudley was cousin to the Earls of Warwick and Leicester, a notice 
of whom will be found on pages 14-16 of the present work. 

Thomas Sutton became one ot the principal merchants in London, hav- 
ing, it is said, no less than thirty agents abroad. He was also one of the 
chief victuallers of the navy, and also a commissioner for prizes, under 
Lord Charles Howard, High Admiral of England, having letters of marque, 
during which time he took a Spanish ship worth £20,000. 

In 1590 his step-daughter, Ann Dudley, was married to Francis Popham, 
"and now advancing in years ... he grew sick of the great multiplicity 
of his affairs, and began seriously to reflect that he walked in a vain shadow, 
and disquieted himself in vain, while he heaped up riches and could not 
tell who should gather them." He surrendered up his patent of Master 
General of the Ordnance in the North, and in a few weeks after, viz. in 
June, 1594, he conveyed to Sir John Popham, Lord Chief Justice,* Sir 

* Capt. George Popham, Governor of the iirMt English Colony in New England, In 1606, was 
brother to the Chief .Jnstice, whose non, Sir FranciH Popham, wan one of the Council (of four- 
teen) appointed for Virginia, 10 April, 1606. 


Thomas Egertou, Master of the Rolls, and others, in trust, all his manors, 
lands, tenements and hereditaments within the County of Essex, (with a 
power of revocation during his life,) to found a hospital at Hallingbury 
Bouchers, in Essex. In December following, he made his will, \rith a very 
large and ample provision for his wife, bequeathing also £2,000 to the 
Queen. (Elizabeth) At this time we may conclude that he intended to act 
fairly and justly to all his kindred. The appointment of Sir John Popham 
as one of the trustees, justifies this conclusion, his son having married the 
step-daughter of Sutton. 

In 1602 his wife died, when it is said, Mr. Sutton was very sensibly 
afflicted with her death, and being full of years, grew quite sick of the 
world by the loss of his most valuable jewel in it, and lessening his family 
and discharging a considerable number of his servants, became frugal, that 
he might be the more magnificent to many, frequently being heard to say, 
" Lord, thou hast given me a large and liberal estate, give me also a heart 
to make use thereof." 

In 1609 he obtained an act of Parliament empowering him to erect a 
hospital at Hallingbury Bouchers, in Essex. He soon afterwards changed 
his mind as to the situation of the hospital, and purchasing the lately dis- 
solved Charter House from the Earl of Suffolk, for £13,000, he petitioned 
King James, and obtained permission to change the hospital from Halling- 
bury Bouchers to the Charter House in London, under the name of the 
"Hospital of King James," the letters patent for which were duly issued. 
Sutton made another will on the 28th November, and died 12 December, 

In this will he bequeathed, among other legacies, the following to his 
kindred, viz. : 

100 marks to the children of his aunt White, 

£200 to his niece Elizabeth Allen, and to each of her children 100 

£300 to Simon Baxter,^ if living, otherwise to his children. 
500 marks to Francis Baxter, if living, otherwise to his children. 
£30 to Robert Dudley, Alderman of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, or his 
children, "which £30 he oweth me." 

" Item, — I give and bequeath unto Sir Francis Popham, Knight, out of 
respect and good will which I bear unto his wife, being the daughter of my 
late deceased dear wife, the sum of two thousand marks, of lawful money of 
England, upon condition nevertheless, and so that the said Sir Francis 
Popham, and the said Lady Ann his wife, give a sufficient discharge and 
a general release to mine Executor or Executors, as well for that sum, as 

* Bearcroff 8 Life of Sutton. 

t Simon Baxter was the eldest son of Thomas Sutton's only sister. — He was chief moumer 
at Sutton'tt funeral. 


also for the receipt of all the rest of her part or portion of the plate, 
money and household- stuff already paid^ and delivered to them or to their 
use, as appeareth by several bills or notes subscribed with my own hand, 
which I do think to be the very true half, and better half of the said plate 
money and household-stuff, part whereof was delivered by one John fish- 
borne, my late Servant, to Sir John Popham, Knight, late Lord Chief Jus- 
tice of England, at his late house in Chancery Lane. The rest of the house- 
hold stuff, as chairs, stools, bedsteads, k itching-stuff, tables and such like, 
was delivered by the said Fishborne to the said Sir John Popham^s servants 
at Newington ; one thousand pounds in money paid in this sort, viz. : To 
Sir John Popham, by his servant Straker, upon the said Sir John^s bill 
before marriage, three hundred pounds, which bill after the marriage I 
returned to the said Sir John Popliam ; seven hundred pounds were paid to 
the said Sir John Popham, upon the marriage, by one Mr. Anthony Law, 
late dwelling in Paternoster Row, London. The better moiety of the plate 
due to Sir Francis Popham, was by the appointment of the said Sir John 
Popham, received by one Mr. Clark, sometimes towards the said Sir John, 
and now a counsellor at the law of the Middle Temple, as 1 guess. 

"/if«7», — I give to my well beloved friend Anny Popham, two hundred 
pounds, to be paid to her at the day of her marriage, or when she shall^ ac- 
complish the age of eighteen years. 

" Item^ — I give to Francis Popham, Mary Popham, Elizabeth Popham, 
Jane Popham and Ann Popham, all daughters of the said Lady Ann Pop- 
ham, one hundred pounds apiece, which several sums I will shall be paid 
them at the days of their marriage, or when they shall accomplish the age 
of eighteen years.* 

^' And my will and meaning is, that unless the said Sir Francis Popham, 
and the said Lady Ann, his wife, do or shall give to mine Executor or Ex- 
ecutors, a general Acquittance or Release to the effect abovementioned, 
that then, as well the said legacy of two thousand marks,t so willed to be 
given to the said Sir Francis Popham, and the Lady Ann, his wife, as also 
the other several Legacies given and bequeathed to every of the said chil- 
dren of the said Sir Francis Popham, and the Lady Ann, his wife, shall re- 
main and be to the use of mine Executor or Executors, to be wholly dis- 
posed and given by them within one year after my decease, partly to the 
amending of highways, and partly to poor maidens' marriages, and partly 
to the releasing of poor men that lie in prison for debt, and partly to the 
poor people of mine intended hospital, when it shall please God that it shall 
be established and erected." 

" Also, I give to my cosen William Stapleton, son of Sir Richard Staple- 
ton, Knight, one hundred marks. 

" Item^l give to the wife and children of John Gardiner, my late wife's 

* Sir Francis and Lady Ann Popham had thirteen children, five sons and eight daughters. 
(Berry'* County Qenealogiea.) t A mark eqnal to thirteen shillings and four pen«e. 




nephew, if they be living after ray decease, being the mother and two sons, 
two hundred marks, to be equally divided amongst them. 

" Item^ — I give to Amy Popham, if it please God she live to keep house, 
three feather-beds, and so many pair of Holland sheets, with the bolsters 
to them, and so many hangings of Tapestry as furnish her a bedchamber.* 

The above are all the bequests that appear to have been made to his 
kindred. What became of the '* very large and ample provision for his 
wife," which he bequeathed in his first will, does not appear, but it is very 
evident that he did not consider the provision he had made for her daugh- 
ter and only child, was either " very large and ample," from the stress or 
condition that he lays, that she and her husband shall " give a suflScient 
discharge and general release" to his executors. Had he been conscious 
that he had bequeathed to the daughter all that was her due, all that he 
had in fact received of her property by his marriage with her mother, 
there would have been no occasion for such "sufficient discharge and gene- 
ral release." There is no doubt that he had received a very considerable 
fortune,t — it is said nearly £20,000,t and what he did receive was the in- 
herent right of the daughter at his death. John Dudley, her father, left 
her jointly with the mother, executors to his will, but as the daughter was, 
at the time of his death, in 1580, a minor, the will was proved by the 
mother. To them he left " all residue to my wife Elizabeth and Anna, my 
only daughter." The suit that was instituted after Sutton's decease by Sir 
Francis Popham, was doubtless to endeavor to recover what the daughter 
had been deprived of. 

Nor was this the only suit against his estate, for we find that Simon 
Baxter, the eldest son of hisowZy sister, and his heir at law, who attended 
the funeral as chief mourner, having consulted Sir Francis Bacon, sought 
to recover something more than the mere pittance of £800 legacy and the 
Manor of Tarbocke, in Lancashire, as a provision for himself and his chil- 
dren. Sir Francis Bacon addressed a long letter to King James in behalf 
of Baxter, in which he says, " But if there be a right, and birth-right 
planted in the heir, and not remediable by Courts of Equity, and that right 
be submitted to your Majesty, whereby it is both in your power and grace 
what to do; then do I wish that this rude mass and chaos of a good deed 
were directed rather to a solid merit, and durable charity, than to a blaze 
of glory, that will but crackle a little in talk, and quickly extinguish." 

Nor were these the only acts of injustice committed by Sutton in the 
distribution of what Sir Francis Bacon emphatically terms " that mass of 
wealth, which was in the owner little better than a stack or heap of muck." 

Dr. Bearcroft, the biographer of Sutton, in eulogizing all the acts of the 
founder of the Charter House, speaks of the heir-at-law, and his ingrati- 
tude in presuming to question the righteousness of Sutton's disposition of 

* Thus far I have quoted mostly from Bearcroft's " Historical Account of Thomas Sutton 
and of his foundation in Charter House." 8vo. Lond., 1737. t Bearcroft admits this. 
X Probably equivalent to £160,000 at the present day. 


his property, says, — "His lands were his own proper acqwitions, and 
consequently, having no children^ he had an indisputable right to dispose 
of them as he pleased." Dr. Bearcroft in his zeal, does not stop to en- 
quire whether any of those lands belonged of right to the step-daughter and 
orphan, Ann Dudley, nor does he affect to know that Sutton left an ille- 
gitimate son, Roger Sutton, totally unprovided for, and not even named in 
his will. The " heap of muck" went to establish the Charter House, to 
provide for eighty poor men and schooling for forty boys, but omitted to 
make any provision for his own child. 

In relation to this we liave undoubted evidence in the following letter 
from King James to the executors of Sutton, in the year 1613.* 

" Whereas both by the lawes of God, nature, and civile nations, fathers 
being bound, according to their meanes and abilities wherewith God hath 
blessed them, to take a speciall care for the educacion, maintenance, and 
future estate of their knowne and acknowledged children, howsoever there 
may be anie temporarie error or neglect in the reputacion of their begetting 
and birthright ; it not being wlioly traducible in particular to the inocence 
of the children. We have often heretofore, at the humble suite of Roger 
Sutton, Sonne of Thomas Sutton, late of the countie of Cambridge, Esq., 
after ample proofes made unto us of his filiacion, sent to the Executors of the 
last Will and Testament of the said Thomas Sutton, and to the chiefest of the 
Governors of our Hospitall in Charter House, in the countie of Middlesex, 
signyfying our opinion, will, and pleasure for the present reliefe in good 
and sufficient manner by a porcion of money sufficient for the payment of 
his debtes, and provision of an estate of living for him, and his after him, 
to be given to the said Roger Sutton, out of and according to a fitt couside- 
racion of that great estate, which his father, Thomas Sutton, left in the 
hands of his Executors, that care being the greatest of all in charitable, 
conscionable and necesssary uses. 

" We are now given to understand that the Executor's answeare is, their 
excuse of power without order from the Governors of our said Hospitall, and 
that the said Governors doe likewise excuse themselves by want of power, 
which they thinke to be onely in the Executors, whereby both our meaning 
and the reliefe aforesaid, by Us intended to our peticioner are either frus- 
trate or too much delayed, We, theiefore, with gratious favour tendering 
the cause of our humble peticioner, Roger Sutton, in his so honest and 
conscionable a suite, doe Will and require you eftsoones to meet together, 
and out of that great estate by his said father left, for his present reliefe in 
good and sufficient manner, with all convenient speed, give him full 
meanes according to the great estate by his said father left, which we 
thinke meete should be willingly, freely, and bountifully done to enable 
him both to pay his debtes and provide for him, and his, ever after, for the 
reputacion of his father's memory, in what place and in what manner him- 
selfe shall beste like of. Which whatsoever it shalbe we cannot thincke. 

Domestic Papers, James L, State Paper Offico, London. 


upon due consideracion of the cause, to be so much as his said father, out 
of so great an estate, would have given him before his death, if he had not 
otherwise been kept in forgetful! ness of that which should have been his 
firste and chiefest care in the testamentall disposicion of bis worldly estate. 
And this we require so to be speedily effected that the peticioner have no 
further cause of complaint to Us therein. It being a matter that ought and 
must piously be satisfied with some answerable proporcion of value."* 

King James, acting on the principle that one good turn deserves 
another, having discovered that there was a sum of twenty thousand 
pounds left to the discretion of the Executors, to be applied "in some 
good works and charitable uses," for his (Sutton's) hospital, for poor 
people, " or otherwise, as they in their wisdoms and discretions shall think 
fit;" succeeded in persuading the overseers of the Will, the Archbishop of 
Canterbury and the Bishop of Ely, that there was " not any charitable 
work better for the Commonwealth than the upholding, maintaining, and 
repairing of bridges, whereby his Majesty's subjects, and all persons what- 
soever, out of all parts of his Highness's realms of England and Scotland 
may daily travel and commerce with/one another, and being given to un- 
derstand that Berwick Bridge, upon the River of Tweed, is very much ruin- 
ated, or rather utterly decayed," &c., &c., the Executors thereupon " in part 
performance of said Will," paid into the Exchequer £10,000 for the re- 
building of said bridge. What became of the other £10,000 we do not 
learn ; it is to be hoped that it was appropriated to the real charity of 
providing for the son, Roger Sutton. 

Sutton's property is stated to have been worth from £300,000 to 
£400,000t shortly before his death. f Bearcroft states, from the Executors' 
accounts, that it produced an annual revenue of £5,000, after having ex- 
pended £13,000 for the purchase of the Charter House. The Executors 
received, in cash, from the personal estate, £47,410 98. 9df, making a total 
of £60,410 9«. 9d, His funeral expenses were £2,228 Ids. Sd. 

Sutton gave profusely, lavishly, for the establishment of his fame, but 
after years will enquire whether he acted honestly or fairly in so doing. 
It had been well had he acted on the principle — " Be just before you are 



* I do not find any acconnt of thiB Roger Sutton, but in the State Paper Office, under date of 
1643, appears the following : — 

*' The examinacion of Roger Sutton, Steward to the Lord Craven. He saieg the Lord hath 
about 140 li. p. annum, neere Newbury. He knowes of no debts owing to the Lord Craven, 
nor ever heard of any. For Mr. Hall was hi^ receiver, and this Examinant never medled with 
the Btate." It is not improbable but that this may have been Thomas Sutton's illegitimate son. 

f Sir "Walter Scott, in his romance of Kenilworth, estimates the difference in value of money 
fW)m Elizabeth's reign to the present time, at ei^ht times the amount, thus £300,000 say 
£2,400,000— or £400,000 say £3,200,000. 

I Lansdowne MSS., in British Museum, vol. 1198.