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A Natural! Hiftoric. 


IN TEN QBjs(rv%ies. 


Ijonoiimble F'^y^^CIS Lo. Verulam 

Vifcount S^ AL B AN. 

Piiblifhcd after the Authors death, 

"Bj VV^ iLLiA M Raw LEY T>oUor o/T>mmty, 
his Maiefties Qhaflaine, 

The third Edition. 

^ Printed by f, H, for WiUiam Lee at the Turl^s 

Head in Fket-flreet^ next to the Miter. 1^51. 






King ofCfreat 'Britainc, France^ aiid 

Ireland ^D ctcndtr oi thcFauh, &c. 

— — ■ ' ■ ■■ ■ — ■ ■-— ' ■ ■ ■ — ■ — - ff . - — 

May it pica fe your mo fl Excellent Maiefij j 

He whole Body of the S^attu- 
rail Hyflorj y either defjgncd,| 
or written, by the late Lo. 
Vifcount S. (tAlbaji, was dedi- 
cated to your Alaie/iie, in his 
BookcDe Vemts, about foure 
yeeres pall, when your 95\4aieflie was Trince : 
>oas there needed no new Dedication of this/ 
iVorl^e, but only, in all humbleneffe, toletyoui^ 
Maieftie know, it is yours. It is true, if thatZ/O.j 
hadliued, your <^51/4ff/?/>, ere long, hadbeene 
inuokcd, to the Protedion of another Htftorie : 
Whereof, not O^atures Kjngdomey as in this, 


7 he tpijiie 'Dtdicatone, 

but thefeofyour Maieflies, (^during tlie Time 
{ and 'R^igne oi K^ng Henry the Eighth) had beene 
the Subiedt : Which fince it died vnder the Dc- 
fignationmeerely, there is nothing left, but your 
(LT^aiefties Princely Goodnefle, gracioufly to 
accept of the Vndertikers Heart, and Intenti- 
ons- who was willing to haue parted,for a while, 
with his DsLrlingThiiofopbie, that he might haue 
attended your RoyallCommandement, in that 
other Worf{e. Thus much 1 haue beene bold, in 
all lovvlinefTe, to reprefent vnro your Aiaicjlte, 
as one that was trufled with his Lordjhifs IVru 
tings y euen to the laft. And as this Worl^e affecl:-. 
eth the Stampe of your Maieflies %oyall "ProteBi* 
oriy to make it more currant to the World -^ So 
vnder the 7^ror^^if7» of this /iPor^e, I prefume' in 
all humblenefTe to approach your Maieflies 
prefence; And to offer it vp into your Sacred 


and Denoted SubieB, 

VV. R A W L E Y. 

tl ilfclMII II III" •""• 

To the Reader. 

Auing had the Honour to bee 
coiuinually with my LorJ^ 
in compjh'ng of this JVor^e-^ 
And to be employed there- 
in; I haue thought it not a^ 

niifTe, (with his Lordfliipr, 

good leauc and hking,) for the better fatisfacfti^ 
on of thofe that iliall reade it, to make knowne 
fomewhat of his Lordfliips Intention^, touch- 
ing the Ordering, and Publiiliing oFthefamc. 
I haue heard his Lordiliip often fay • that i( 
hee iliould haue ferued the glory of his owne 
Name, hee had beene better not to haue pub- 
lillied this ^dturall Hi/iorj : For it may feeme 
an Indigefted Heape of Particulars. And can- 
not haue that Luftnre, which Bookes caft in- 
to Methods haue .* But that he refolued to pre- 
ferrc the good of Men, and that which mioht 
bed fecure it , before any thing that might haue 
Relation to Himfelfe. And he knew well, that 
A there 

To 1 

H E 


£ A D E R 

there was no other way open, to vnloofe Mens ' 
mindcs, being bound ;and (as it were) Malefic- 
date, by the Charmes of deceiuing Notions^ 
and Theories . and thereby made Impotent foi- 
Generation of Workes ^ but onely no where 
to depart from the Scnfe, and cleare experience ; 
But to keepe clofe to it , efpecially m the begin- 
ning ; Befides, this ^hQtturall Htjlory was a 
Debt of his, being Defigned and fer downe for 
a third part of the fnftaHration. I haue alio 
heard his Lordfhip difcourfe, that Men ("no 
Doubt) will thinke many of the Experiments 
contained in this Colledlion , to bee Vulgar 
and Triuiall • Meane and Sordid • Curious and 
Fruitleffe : And therefore hee wifheth, that rhey 
would haue perpetually before their Eyes, what ' 
isnowindoing; And the Difference betweene 
this CSQituraU Hifiory , and others. For thofe 
J\(jturaU Hijlor'tes ^ which are Extant, being 
gathered for Delight and Vfe, are full of plea- 
Ifant Defcriptions and Pidures . andaffed: and 
feek after Admiration, Rarities, and Secrets. But 
contrariwife, the Scope which his Lordfhip in- 
tendeth, istowrhtfucha !J\(^aturaIl Hi/Iorj, as 
may be Fundamentall totheEredling and Buil- 
ding of a true Thilo/ophy : For the illumination 
of the Vnderflanding *,i\\t Extracting ofa/^xiomefy, 
and the producing of many Noble ]Vor\eSj\ 
and EfeBs, For hee hopeth, by this mfanes,j 
to acquit Himfelfc of that, for which heetakethj 

, Him[elfe\ 

To The Reader. 

Himfelfe {v\ a fort bound; Andthat is, the Ad- 
uancemenc o^ ail Learning (Sc Sciences. For ha> 
LiMig in this prefenc VVorke Colle(5ted the Ma- 
terials for the Buildingj And in his ^h(j>vum 
Organii (j:i^ \y\\\c\\ his Lordfliip is yet topublidi 
a Iccond Part,) fetdowneche Inliruments and 
Dired:ions tor the worke. Men fliall now bee 
wanting to themfelucs, if they raifc not Know- 
ledge to that {>erfed:ion, whereof the Nature of 
Mortall men 15 capable. And in this behalfc,! 
haue heard his Lordfliip fpeake complainingly- 
That hisLordllijp (who thinkth heedeferueth 
to bee an Architedt in this building,)fhould bee 
forced to b^e a Work-man and a Labourcrj 
And to dig the Clay and burne the Brick; And 
more t!ian that, (according to the hard Condi- 
tion of the ffraelites sitdiQ latter end^ togathei 
the Straw and. Stubble, ouer all the Fields, to 
burne the Bricks withall. Forheknoweth, that 
except he doe it, nothing will bee done;Men are 
fofetro defpifethe Meanes oftheir ownegood 
And asforthe IBcifenejfe of many of the Expe- 
rmienrs; As long as they be Gods Works, they 
are Honourable enough. And for the Vtilgar- 
ne'Je of them; true o^xiomei mufl; bee drawne 
from plain e Experience, and not from doubt- 
full; And hts Lordiliips courfe is, to make 
Wonders Plaine, and not Plaine things Won- 
der; And that Experience like wife muft bee 
broken and grinded, and not whole, or as it 
A 1 grow- 

To 1 

H £ 


£ A D E K 

groweth. And for V(e-^ hisLordllTiip hath of^l 
teninhisMeuth, the twokin^s o[8xpertmeiUs-^\ 
Experimenta FruBtferay and Sxpenmefita Lucife^\ 
ra : Sxperiments o^Fjey and Experiment f oi Light ^ 
And heereporteth himfelfe, whether hce were 
not a ftrange Man , that fhould thinke that 
Light hath no Vfe,becaufe it hath no Matter. 
Further, his Lordfhip thought good aifo, to 
adde vntomany of the £^x'/7mw^«r/ themfelues, 
fome ^iojfe of the Cau/es-^ that in the fucceding 
worke of fnterpreting t^ature, and Framing 
Axiemes, all things may bee in more Readi- 
nefTe. And for the Qaufes herein by him af- 
fignedj his Lordfhip perfvvadeth Himfelfe, 
they are farre more certaine,than thofe that are! 
,rendred by Othersj not for any Excellency- 
pf his owne VVit (as his Lordiliip is wont to 
fay3 but in refpedl of his continuall Conuer- 
fation with D^ature and Experience. Flee did 
confider likewife, that by his Adition o[Qah^ 
fes. Mens minds Cwhich make fo much halle 
to find out the Qaufes of things-^ would not 
thinke themfeluesvtterly loft, in a Vaft Wood 
of Experience, but ftay vpon thefe Qaufes (fuch 
as they are) alitle, till true o^xiomes may bee 
more fully difcouered. Ihaucheard his Lord- 
(hip fay alfo, that one great Reafon^ why hee 
would not put thele particulars into any exa(5i 
z5\dethod (though hee that looketh attentiuely 
into them fhall finde that they haue a fecret 


To Fhe Reader. 

jOrJei) was, becaufe Jiee conceiued chat other 
•men would now thinke, that they could doe the 
! like 5 /\nd fo goe on with a further Colledtion ; 
Uvhicli if the Method had beenc Exadt, many 
would haue defpaircd to attaine by Imitation. As 
for his Lordfhips loue ofOrder, 1 can refer any 
Man to his Lordfhips Latine Booke, T^e Aug^ 
mentis Sciemiarum ^ which (if my Judgement bee 
anything) is written in the Exad:eflOrder,that 
1 know any Writing to be. I will conclude with 
an vluall Speech of his Lordfliips ; That this 
VVorkc ofhis J^aturalt HiJIorjAsthclVorU as 
God made it, and notas Men haue made it . For 
chat it hath nothing of Imagination. 

Thii Epinie h 
the faroe.that 
bccnc prefixed 
cp ihii Booke, 
if hit Lordfliip 




L Century. 

;Igge a Pit vpon the Sea-Pme, fomcwhat abouc 
the High- Water Marke, and linke it as deepe 
as the Low-Water Marke j And as the Tide 
commcth in, it will fill with fratefy FreiTi and 
Potable. This is commonly pradifcd vpon 
the Coalt of Barbme^ where other trcfh wa- 
ter is wanting. And C as t a k. knew this 
well, when hee wasbe(icgedin></e.Vi7«(!/rw; 
For by digging of Pits in the Sea-fbore^ hee 
did fniftratc the Laborious Workes of tnc 
Enemies,which had turned the 5M-w*rerupon the Wcls of ^/fxwtfr/.t; 
And fo faued his Armic, being then in Defperation. But C^fir mi(to-:>kc 
theCaufc j For he thought that all 5f4-54«<//hadNaairall Springs of 
Frefhiv-ner. But it is plaine, that it is the Sea.}vatcr ^ becaufe the Pit fil- 
leth according to the Mcafure of the tide : And the Sea-ivater palling 
or Strainin.; thorow the Sands, Icaueth the Saknefle. 

I remember to haue read, that Triall hafh beene made o^ Salt wa- 
ter partlid thorow Earth \ thorow Ten Veflels, one within another, 
and yet it hadi not lolt his SaltnefTc, as to become potable : but the 
fame Man faith, that (by the Relation of Another) SaltWJterduiwcd 
thorow Twenty Vetfelshath become Frefh. This Experifnerit (cemeth 
tocrofle that other of Pif/, made by the Sea-jide • And yet but in parr, 
if itbe true that t\venty Repetitions doe thcEffetl. Btit it is worth the 
Note, how poorethe Imitations of Nature arc, in Common courfe of 
Experi/nents, except they bee led by great Judgement, and fomegood 
Light di Axiomes. For firtt, there is no fmall dirfcrence bctweene a 

•n Conftttiou- 

dicj, GUI' iho- 
-<.wapotlicr : 
'uluchiiicy cat] 


J\QituralJ HiHcr): 

PalTage of iVater thorow twenty iluall Vclleis ^ f\nd thoiow luch a 
c?iliancc, asbcrwecne the Low water, and High water Marke. Second- 
ly, there is a great difference betweene Earth and Sand. For all Earth 
hath in it a kindeof Nitrous Salt, from which Sandis more free : And 
belidcs Earth doth not ftraine the Water fo finely, as Sand doth. But 
there is a Third Point, that I fufpcdas much, or more, than the other 
Two : And that is^ that in the Experiment of Tran/mtfen of the Set- . 
teater inio the Piis^ the ^'ster rifeth • But in the Experiment of Tranf^ 
I milTion of the fVater thorow the Velfels, it fallcth : Now certaine it 
i is, that the Salter Part of fVdterj ( once Salted thorow-oiit) goeth to 
ithcBotronjc. And therefore nomaniell, if the Draining of iVater by 
dcfcent, doth not makeitfrefh : Befides, I doe fomewhat doubt, that 
the very Dalliing of the H'^ater, that commcth from the Sea, is more 
proper to ftrike otf the Salt Part, than where the IVaier flideth of her owne 

Ic feemeth PerctUtieo or TrMfinifitn^ (which is commonly called 
^tnifiing, ) is a good kinde of Seftrttien ; Not oncly of Thicke from 
Thin, and Groffe from Fine j But of more fubtile Natures ; And va- 
rieth according to the Body thorow which the Tranfmifit>H is made. As 
ifthorow a woolen Baggc, the Liquor leaucththe FatncfTe ; Ifrhorow 
Sand, theSaltneffc; &c. They fpcakeofScuerihgWine from Water, 
pafllngitthorowluy wood, or thorow other the like porous Body j But 

The Gumme o^ Trees (which wee fee to bee commonly fl-.ining and 
cleare) is but afinePalfageor Straining o'^ the luiceoftheTree, thorow 
the Wood and Barke. And in like manner, Cornilh Diamonds, and Rocke 
Rubies^ (which arc yet more refplendent than G««»w^// are the fine ExU' 

Arijlotle giucththc Caufe, viinely, why the Feathers o^ Birds are of 
more liuely Colours, than the ^dirw of i?tfj/?; 5 for no B^j/hach any fine 
Azure, or Carnation, or Greene Hdire. Hee faith, it is, becaufe Birds are 
more in the Bcamcs of the Sunne, than Beafts 5 But that is manifeftly 
^ntrUeiFor Cattle Are more in the Sun than Birds^hat liue commonly in the 
Woods, or in fomcCouert. The true Caufe is, that the Excremcntious 
Moifture of lining Creatures, vvhich maketh as well the Feathers in Birds, 
as the Haire m Bedfts, paffethin Birds thorow a finer and more delicate 
Strainer, than it dothinB«/j : For Feathers palfc thorow Quilsi And 
Haire thoro-.v Skin. 

The cUrifyingof Liquors by Adhefion is an Inward Percolation-, And 
isefFcdted, whenfbme CleauingBody isMixedand Agitated with the 
Liquors ; whereby the grofler Part of the Liquor ftickes torhat Clea 
uingBody ; Andfb the Finer Parts are freed from the Grofler. So the 
apothecaries clarifie their Sirrups by whites of Egges, beaten with the 
luices which they would clarifie 5 which Whites of Egges, gather all 
theDregges andgroffcr Parts of the luice to them 5 And after the i'/r 
fup being fet on the Fire, the Whites of Egges themfeUies harden, and 


Qenturj I. 


are taken forth. So Ip^ffcraffe is clarified by mixing with Miikc ; Andllir- i 
ring ita'ciout ; And then pailing it thorow a Woollen Bag.which they call 
Hippocrates Sleeue : And the Cleaning Nature of the Milkc drawethrhc 
Powder of the Spices, and Groflcr Parts of the Liquor to it j .'ind in the 
paffage they fticke vpon the Woolen Bag. 

J\\c C lar iff tngo^ water ^ is an Experiment tending to Health jbelldes 
the pleafiireofthc Eye, when water is Chryftalline. It is cffe«ftedb\- call- 
ing jn and placing Pebbles, at the Head of a C urrent ^ that the nater may 
Itraine thorow them. 

It may bee, Percolatiott doth not oncly caufc Clcarenefle and Splcn- 
doT, but Swcerneflc of Sauour j For that alfo fbilowcth , as well as 
Ciearcneflc, when the Finer Parts are feuered from the GrolTer. So it 
isfoiiml, that the Sweats of men that haue much Heat, andcxercifc 
much, and hanccleanc Bodies, and fine Skins, doe (meilfwcet ; As was 
faidoiJlexaiiaer j And wee fee commonly, thuiGummes hauefvvect 

T Ake ;x GLi{fe, and ^x\t water into it, and wet your Finger, and draw 
ir roiiiul about the Lip of the Glafle, prefllng it fomewhat hard; 
A.ndafrer you haue drawncitfome few times about • it will make the ! 
Water. triske and rpnncklevp in a fine Dew. This In/iance dorh excel- j 
Icntly Dcmonil!ratc the Force of C»mprepon in a Sollid Body. For | 
whenfocveraSollidBody (as Wood, Stone, Metull, &:c.) isprclTed, 
there is an inward Fumult in the Parts thereof ; feeking to dcliucr them- 
felues from the Compreflion : And this is the Caufc of all r/Wr«/ Afo- 
tiea. Wherein it is ftrange in the higheft Degree, that this C\toti<m 
hadineuer bcene obfcrued, nor inquired : Itbeingofall-T/«ww, the 
moft Common, and the Chiefc Root of all Mechnmcail Operati0ns, \ 
IhhMetioa workcth in round at firft, byway of Proofe, and Sevirch, 
which way to deliuer itfclfe ; And then workcth in pr(^reQe, where i 
if findeth the Dcliuerance caficll. In Liquors this Afetton is vifible : For i 
all Licpors rtrucken make round Circles , and wirhall Dalli ; but in ' 
Solids, (which breake not) itisfofubtill, as it isinuillble ; Bur neuer- | 
thelctle bewrayeth it felfe by many Effeds- As in this /»/?«w^ where- ] 
of wecfpeake. For the Preffureoixhc Finger furthered by the wetting 
(bccaulcit iHckethfi^ much the better vnto the Lipof theG'/»//f^ after 
(omc continuance, putrerh all the fmall Parrs of the GU^e inroworkc,- 
thatthcv (bike the W4<^rlliarply : from which Percuften that Sprink* 
ling com meth. 

If you (Irikeor pierce a Solid Body, that is brittle, as G/j/7r, oxSu^ar,^ 
irbrcaketh not oncly, where the immediate force is ; butbreakcth all 
about into lliiucrs and fitters ; The Motion^ vpon'the Preffare, fearching 
all wavf s, and breaking where-it findeth the Body woakcft. 

The Powder in shet, being Dilated into fuch a Fhme, as endureth not 
Ctfi»f>r/'^w»^M>ueth!ikcwi(e in round (The F/4W^ being in the Nature 
oi'dLiqatdHady :) Sometimes recoiling j Sometiracsbreakingthe Pieces 



touching 3/0- 
ticnof Bootes 
vpon their 






in Confm tou- 
ching sepgraii- 



S^Qjtumll Hish.Y) : 

But generally diicharsrins the Bu'Jet, becatifc there, it fiiidethcaficft Dc- 

This Motion vpon Pre (fare ^ and the Reciprocal! thereof, which is 
Motion vpon Tenfure j wee vfe to call (bv one common Name) Motion of 
Ltberty ; which is,when any i5<'d(7,bcing forced to a Preter-'^turaliEx- 
tenCjOrDemcnlionjdehuerethand rcItorethitfcifetotheNaturall : As 
whcna Blotvne BUdker (Prefled) rifethagaincj or when Leather otC/otb 
rentured fpring backe. Thefe two Motions (of wliich there bee infinite m- 
ftances) wc fhall handle in due place. 

This Motion vpon PreffHre is excellently alfo dcmonftrated in Sounds-^ 
AswhenoneChimcthvponaiBrfl, itfoundeth ; butasfoone asheelay- 
ethhis hand vpon it, the 5tf/»»c/ ceafeth : And fb, the 5*<w»d of a T/V^/Wfl 
String, as {bone as the Quill ofa lacke falleth vpn it, Itoppeth. For thcle 
Sounds are produced, by the fubtill Percuifion of the Minute parts, of 
the2)rW,or5fr;»^,vponthcAirc; All one, as the ff <»/<rr iscaufcdtoleape 
by thefubtile PercufTlonof the M iniitc parts of the G/4j/ir, vpon the Waa- 
ler, whereof wee fpake a little before in the ninth Experiment, For 
you muft not take it to bee, the locall shaking of the Ee\l^ ox String, that 1 
doth it. As wee fhall fully declare, when wee come hereafter to handle 

TAkea Glaffe with a BeUy and a long Nil? 5 fill the Belly (in part) 
wiihlVater : Take alfo another G/d^^ whcreinto put C/4r£'<H^'/«e 
and Water mingled ; Reuerfe the firft Glafje, with the Belh vpvvaids. 
Stopping the A'^^ with your finger ; Then dip the Mouth ot it with- 
in the Second G/j/<», and remoue your Finger ; Continue it in that 
pofture for a time ; And it will vnmingle the ^ine from the t-y-^iter : 
rhe Wine afccnding and fetling in the top of the upper Gluffe-^ And 
the tvater dcfccnding. and {ctling in the bottome of the lower Glj-JJe. 
The pafTage ifapparant to the Eye ; For you (liall fee the W7«r, as it 
were, in a fmall veine , rifing thorcw the Water. For handk>miieflc 

it were good 

fakc (becaufe the 'Working rcquiteth fome fmall riir.c) 
you hang the vpper GUffie vpon a Naile. But as foonc as ther 
thered lb much pure and vnmixcd tvaterin thebottjme of the Lower 
GUjJe, as that the Mouth of the vpper GUjJe d'ppcthi;ito ir, the Moi^o 
ceafeth. ' 

Let the Vpper G/4yj? bee mne, and the Lower n-iter-^ there follow- 
eth no Motioa at aW. Let the Vpper Glajje bee fvater pure, rhe Low- 
er ivaier coloured ; or contrariwifc ; there followcth no Metion at all. 
But it hath bcene tried, that though the Mixture of Wine and w-'u^^r, 
in the Lower GUffe.^ bee three parts iVAter , and but one s^vme • yet it 
doth not dead the Motion, This Sepuration of ivater and Wir.e appea- 
rcthrobeemadcbyW-V/jfk ^ foritn)uIl becof B(»(<ir<f/bfvnequailf#w^^«. 
or cKe it,worketh not ; And the Heauier Body muft euer bee in the vpper 
GUJfe. Butthcn note withall, thatthc fr4/^r being made peniile, and 
there being a great Weight oi ivattr in iht Be^y of the ohffej, fuftained 

, b[ 

Qcntiirj L 

by a fmall Pillarof?fW<r in the Nccke of the GU(Jf-^\i is clue which fctrcth \ 
the Motion on worke : For VVAter and H-Vwf in one Glaf e,wi:h long Ihindins, 
will hardly fcuer. 

This Experiment wouldbe Extended from Mixmrcs of Icucral Liqasurs 
to simple Bodies, which Confilt of fciierall Similarc Parrs : Trvic there- 
fore with Brine or Salt Water, and Freff) Water ^ Placing the Salt water \ 
(which is the hcauier) in the vpper Gla(]e. And lee wjiethcr the F; e^y will 
come aboue. Try it alio with n ater thicke Sngrrd, and Pare ivater • and fee 
whether the ?-'rfffr which commethaboue, willlofc his fweetnelTe : For 
which purpole it were good thcrewerc alittle Cocke made in the Belly 
of the vpper G/j//<r. 

IN Bodiet containing Fine Spirits, which doe cafily dilTipate, when 
yx)U mAQlnfufions, the Rule is ^ Afliortlbyof xhcEody in the £*- 
^wrreceiucth tlie Spirit ^ Anda longer Stay confoiindeth it ; becaufc it 
draweth forth the Earthly Part withal I ; which cmbafcth the finer. And 
therefore ir is an Erroiirin Phjfttiam, toreft (imply vpon the Len?,thof 
ftay, for incrcafing thevcrtiie. Put if you will haue ihc In/ujiou llrong, 
in thole kinde of B*?^/**/, which hanc fine Spirits, your wavis, nottogiue 
Longer time, but to repeat the Infufion of the Body oftncr. Take ho- 
letf, andinfufea good Pugillof them in a Qu^art of Vineger ; Let them 
Hay three c-juarters of an hourc, and take them forth j And refrcHi the 
/w/ltf/;*?^ with like quantity ofnewrw/^/Jjfeuen times ^ And it will make ' 
aVincgerfo freili of the Flower, as if a Twelue-moncth after, it bee J 
brought you in a Saucer, you Oiall ImcU it before it come atvou. Note, j 
that it fmellcthmore perfedly of the Flower, a good while after, thanji 
at firfl:. 

ThisRulc, w hich wee haue giuen, is of lingular v(c, forthc Prepa- 
rations oi' .lfedic/H(s, and othcx Inf a/ions. As for Example • The Lcafe 
oiBurrage hath an excellent Spirit, to reprede the Fuliginous Vapour I 
of Dusky Melancholy, and fo to cureMadnelle : But ucuerthclelTe, i 
iftheLeafebeinfulcdlongjityceldethforth but arawliibllance, of no ' 
Vcrtuc ; Therefore I fuppofe, that if in the Mud of Wine, or Woit 
of Beere, while it workerh. before it bee Tunned, the Burrage ftava 
{inall time, and bee often changed with frelli ^ It will make a Soueraigne I 
Drinke lor Melancholy PalTions. And the like Iconceiue of Oreiig'UJ 
F lower f. 1 

A'a^dr^hathmantfeflly in it Parts of contrary Operations : Parts that ' 
pingc ; And parts that binde the Body : And the firlt lay loolcr, and 
the latrcr !av deeper : So that if you infufc Kubarb for an hoLire, and 
crul"h it well, it will purge better, and binde the Body IclTe after the 
purgin!^,thanif irifoodtwcntyfourehourcs ; This is tried : But Icon- 
ceiue likiwile, that bv Repeating the tnfujion of Rubirb, iluerall rincs, 
(aswas laid or Violets) letting each ftay inbutafm.ill time ; vounviv 
make it as llrong a Purlin/ Medicine , as Sammjny. And it is not a 
fmall thing wcnnc in P/^^/jf/tr, ifyoucannukc/J«^4r^. and other .^f<dt- i 



jn ConfoTt cou- 
ching luditiius 
and Accurate 
Infufio/is, both 
in Liqiieri,and 







Solitary tou- 
ching the /if- 
feiilt olCoH- 


.T^aturali Hijlorj : 


i anes that are Benediii, as llrong PurgcrSj as thole that are nor Without 
I fo:Tie Malignity. 

Purging Medicines-^ tor the mod part, banc their Pttrgatiue Vertue, 
in a fine Spirit ; As appeareth by that they endure not boiling, without 
much lofle of Vertue. And therefore it isof goodvfe inPhy/ich, if you 
can retaine the Purging Vertue, and take away theVnpkalanc taftc of 
the I'urger -^ which it is like you may doe j by this courfe of Infuftngoit^ 
with little Itay . For it is probable, that the Horrible and Odious Talte, is 
the Groflcrpart. 

Generally, the working by Infufiens, isgroffe andblinde, except you 
' firft trv the IfTuingof the leuerall Parts of the Body, which of them Iftue 
' more ipeedily,afid which more flowly • And fo by apportioning the time, 
can take and leaue that Quality, which you defirj . This to know, there be 
two wayes • The one to try what long ftay, and what lliorc ftay v/orkcth, 
as hath bcene faid : The other to try in Order, the fucceeding Infufiens, of 
one and the fame Body jfuccelTiuely , in feuerall Liqusurs. As for example; 
Take Orenge Pits, or Roje-Mxry^ or Cinn»n>0n; or what you will 5 And let 
theu] /»/w/if halfe an hourc in ivitcr ; Then take them out, and//-./«/tf th em i 
againe in other Water ; And fo the third time : And then ralte and 
confidcrthe Pirji Water, the Second^ and the Third : And you willfinde 
I them differing, not onely in Strength and WeaknefTe, butotht-'Avifc in 
Talk, or Odour- For it may beethef/r/? ^''-a/^rwillhaue moreof the 
Scent, as more Fragrant ; And the Second more of the Taitc,as more Bit- 
ter or Biting, &c. 

Jnfuftonsin Aire^ (for fo we may well call odours) haue the fame diuer- 
fities with Infufitns in Wdter . In that the fcuerall odoun (which are in one 
Flower, or other Body) ifllie at feuerall times ; Some earlier, fome later : 
Soweefinde thatr/tlets, ivoedhwes^ Stravbtries, yeeldapleaiingScent, 
thatcammeth forth firfl ; But fooneafter an ill Scent, quite ditfernig from 
the Foraier ; Which is cauled, notfo much by Mellowing, as by ihelatc 

iduing of the G rolfer Spirit. 

AsweemaydefiretoextradthefineftSpiiits in fome Cafes 5 So wee 
may defire alfo todifcharge them (as hurtfull) in fome other. S^Wine 
burnt, bvreafonof the Euaporating of the finer Spirit, entiameth Iclfc, 
and is beft in Agues : Opium leefcth fome ol his poifonous Quality, if it be 
vaporated our, mingled with Spirit of Wine, or the like : Sea» keleth ibmc- 
whatofhiswindinelfc by Decoding • And (generally) fubtillor windy 
Spirits arc taken off by incenfion,or Euaporation. Andeuen in ;»/«/?«»win I 

! things thatare of toohigh a Spirit, you werebettcr powre oif the firtk 1st- 

fufion, after a fmall time, and vfe the latt-er. 

BVbbles are in the forme of an Hemifphere ^ Airewlthm^ avAx little 
Skin o'lM'-ater without : And it feemeth fomewhat If range, that 
the Atre Hiould rife fo fwiftly, while it is in the mter ^^ And when it 
comniethtothcTop, fliould beeftaid by fo weakc a Cotier as that of 
the BubbUis. Butasfor thefwift Alfentof thc^/>^ while it is vnder 

the \ 

Century, I. 

the riMer, that is a Motion of Percupgnixom the fTj^rr ; which it •! 
fcifldctctinding, tiriiicthvp the Aire j And no Mothnoi Leuity'm the 
^ire. An; I this i)tfwtf^r/f«« called yi/<»/«» Plaga. In this Common £x- 
peyimetit, theCaufeoFthe Encloiiire oi the Bubhle is ^ for that the Ap- 
pcrire to rchft Separation , or Difcontinuancc (which in fbllid Bcdtes 
isftron^:,) isalfo inZ/^«(»»rj, though fainter and weaker j As wee fee in 
tliisof the BiHhUe : Wee fee italfoin little Glaflcs of Spittle that children 1 
make of Ritfhcs ^ And in Caftles of Bubbles , which they make by 
blowing info WAier^ hauing obtained a little Degree of Tenacity by 
Miicture of Soape : Wee lee it alio mtht Stillicidts oi water, which it' 
there bee jvjiir enough to follow, will Draw themfclues into a fmall 
thred, bccaufcrbey willnot dilcontinue ;* But if there bee no Remedy, 
rhenrhL'V calt themfclues into round Drops- Which is the Figure, that 
(aueth tiieBodytnoit fro?n Diicontinnancc : The fame Reafon is of the 
Ronndnefle of- the Bubble, as well for the Skinof Pf^4/^r, as forthe Aire 
wirhin : For rhc ^I'lre likewifc auoideth Difcootinuince ^ And therefore ca- 
Ik-th it icl fe i iiro a Round Fi gui^. And for the (top and Arrelt of the Aire a 
little while, ittluweth that the ^^//r of itfelfchathlittle,orno Ap^X'tite, 
or AfcendiniT. 

THE Reieftion, which I continually ufe, o^ Experiments, (though 
itappearethnot) isinfinite^ Butyetifan£jif/>«'/>»?/»* be probable in 
theWorkc, and of great Vfe, I receiueit, butdeliueritasdoubtfull. It 
was rcpnitedbv a Sober Man, thatan ArtifctAH Spring may bee made 
thus : Finde out a hanging Ground, where there is a goodquicke Fall 
of Raine- water. Lay a Halfe-TroughofStone,ofagood length, three or 
fourefootdeepe within the fame Ground ; with one end vpon theHioh 
Ground , the other vpon the Low. Couer the Trough with Brakes a 
good thicknefle, andcaft S>md upon the Top of the Brakes : You fhall 
fee (fiiith hec) that after fbme fhowers arepafl, the lower End of the 
Trough will run like a Spring of inter : which is no marucll, if it hold, 
while rhc Rainc-warer lalleth ; But hee faid it would continue long time 
aftctthc Rai!ie is palf : As if the water did multiply itfclfe vpon the Aire, 
by the helpcof thcColdnefle andCondenfation of theEarth, and the 
Confort of the firil Water. 

TME French (which put off the Name of the French Difeafe j vnto 
the Name of the Difejfeot Naples) doe report, that at the Siege 
oi Naples , there w.-re ccrraine wicked Merchants, that Barrelled vp 
.Uamflefb (of fonie that had beene, lately llaine in Barber;^) and fold 
it for 7»«»> ■ And that v pon that foulc and high Nourilliment, was the 
Origiuall o^' tlut Difeafe. Which may well bee ; For that it iscettaine, 
that the Cambals in t!ie iVeJl Indies, eat Mans Fle(h ; And the ?f^ ItiJics 
\ were full of the Pockes when the v were firfl difcoiiercd ; And at tJiis 
I day the Martiliefl p«t/a»s, pra^^ifed by the Wtft-htdiAfis, haitj^ome Mix- 
; tare of theBloud, or Fat, orFlclTiof A/<rti ; And diners Witches, artel 

B ^__ Sorce- 

Solitary tou- 
ching the Ma- 

ciaii SfiiDigs. 


Solitary tou- 
ching the ^«- 
nenioHi §^aluj 


J^turaU HiUory : 

Soliiary cou- 
ching tUe A'tc- 
fit* and Tiaitf- 

Solitaiy tou- 
ching Htipit 
towards the 
ttoMt) and 
fjnd feainrtt 

Sorcercfles , as well amongll the Heathen, as amongO: the Chrifiiarfr, haiie 
icdvpoRMMtsfle/iff toaid(asitlccmeth) their Imagination, with High 
and foulc Vapours. 

I Tfeemeth that there bee thefcwayes (in likelihood) ofp^erfimt, ofri- 
ptitrs. or u^irct into Water and LMtift»re. The firft is CtfWj which 
dJth manifcftly condenfe j As wee fee in the CtmraClmg tf the Aire 
in the Weather -Glaffe ; Whereby it is a Degree nearer to ^F4<rr. Wee lee 
it alfo in the Ge»eratto» of Sfmigs^ which the Atcienti thought (very 
probably) to bee made by the VerjiimQl Airt imo Watery holpen by the 
^f/?j which the y^ir^ hath in th9re Parts ^ Whereby it cannot diflipatc, 
Andby the CoUf$ejfeffRockes4.^ Tortherc Sfrt/t^s are chiefly g^enerated. 
Weefee italfo inthe EfFedsof the Cald o( the Miadle Region (as they 
call it) ofthe^/r*i Which produccth D^irw, zxidRtunts. And the Ex- 
periment of turning Water into /f^, by Snow, Nitre, and Salt (where- 
of wee fliall fpcdkc hereafter) would bee transferred to the Turning 
o^ Aire into fvater. The Second way isiby Comfrefton ^ As in Sti^a- 
teries, where the Vapur is turned backe, vpon it fcUc, by the Encounter 
of the Sides of the StiHatcry-^ And in the D^wvpon the Couers of Btfy//ig 
Pett J And in the D^iP towards ^4/«» vpon Marble^ and fvainfcat. But 
this is like to doe no great effed ; Except it bee vpon Vapours, and 
groife Aire^ that arc already very neere in Degree to Water. The 
Third is that, which may becfcarched into, but doth not yctappeare ^ 
which is, by Mingling of Moift Faponrs with Aire • And trying i^> 
they will not bring a Returne of more water ^ than the tvater was at' 
firft : For if fo •, That Increafc is a Verficnoi thtAtre : Therefore put 
water into the Bottomeof ai'//l/-«**r7, with the Nebftoppcd ; Weigh 
the fvater firft ; Hang in the Middle of the Stiilatory a large Spungei 
And fee what Quantity of /*'4»*r you canciufli outofit j Andwhac it 
is more, or lefle, compared with the Water fpent j For you muft vnder- 
ftand, that if any Ferjion can bee wrought, itwili bee eafilieft done in 
fmall Pores : And that is theRcafon why wee prefcribe 3.S^»nge. The 
Fourth way it Probable alfOj though not Appearing ; Which is, by 
Receiuing the Aire into the fmall Peres of Bodies.^ For (as hath bccnc laid) 
euery thing in ftnall Quantity is more eafie for verjion ; And Ta igible 
Bodies haue no pleafure in the Confort of Aire, but endcuour to fuba^l \i 
into a more Denfe Body : But in Entire Bodies it is checked ; becaule if the 
Aire iTiould Condenfe, there is nothing to fucceed ■ Therefore it muft be 
in loofe Bodie'^as Sand ind Povfder ; which we fcc,if they lie dole of them- 
(elues gather Moitture. 

IT is reported by {bmc of the Ancients \ That ivhelfs, or other Crea- 
tures^ithcy bee put Young, intofuchaCage, or Box, as they can 
not rifc^to their Stature, but may increafc in Brcdth, or Lengthy 
will grow accordingly , as they can get Roome : which if it bee 
true 5 and faifiblc , and that the young Creature fo prefled , and ftreight- 


(^enturj. L 


t.-ncd^ dothnoc thereupon dye 5 It is a Mcanesto ^xoduct Dwarf e Crea- 
turcsy and in a very Strange Figure. This is certaine, and nored long 
fincc i That the Prefl'ure or Formirig of Patts of Creatures, when they 
are very youngj doth alter the Shape not a little 4 As the Stroaking of 
the Heads of Infants^ betweenethc Hands, was noted of Old, to make 
Macrocephdh which fliape of the Head, at that time, was ertcemed. And 
the Railing gently of the Bridge of the Nofc, dothpreuent the defor- 
mity of a Saddlc-Nofe. Which obfemation well weighed, may teach 
a Mcancs, to make thePerfons of Men, and VS'omen, in many kindcs, 
more comely, and better featured, than othcrwile they would bee ; By 
the Forming and Shaping of them in tlidr Infancy : As by Stroaking vp 
the Calues of the Legs, to.kcepe th<^ from falling downe too low; 
And by Straiking vp the Fore-head to kcepe them from being low- 
foreheadtd. And it is a common Pradtifc to fwathe Infants, that they may 
grow muic (height and better lliaped : And we lee Young Women, 
bv wearing (height Bodies, keepe themfelues from being Grofle, and 

O?(ions, as they hang, will many of them iTioot forth ; And fo will 
/<■«#/ rmll ; And ("0 will an Herbc called Orpin ; with which 
thcyvfc, in the Countrey, to trim their Houfes, binding it to a Lath, or 
Sticke, and (etting it againit a Wall.W' c fee it likewife, more efpecially , 
in the greater Ser»per-'vi»e^ which will put out Branches, two or three 
ycarcs : Butifiistrue, that commonly they wrap the Root ma Cloth 
befmeared with Oi/f , and renuc it once in halfea Yeare. The like is re- 
ported by (bme of the Anaegts, of the Stalker of Liliies. The Caufe 
is i For that thele Plants haue a Strong, Denfe, and Succulent Moifl:ure, 
which IS not apt to exhale j And ibis able, from the Old (lore, without 
drawing helpe from the Earth, to fuffice the fprouting of the PUnt : 
And tliis Sprouting is chieHy in the late Spring, or early Sonjmer; 
which are the times ot putting forth. Wee fee aUb , that stumfs of 
\Treesy lyingoutof the ground, will put forth Sprouts for a Time. Bunt 
is a Noble Triall, and of very great Confcquencc, totry whether thcfe 
things, in the Sprouting, doeincreafe IVeight j which muft bee tried by 
weigh i'.ig rhcm before they bee hanged vp • And afterwards a^aine, 
when thev arc Sprouted. For iftheyincreafe not in ;;'(•/»/?; j Thenitisno 
more but thisiTliat what they fend forth in the Sprout, they leeic in (bme 
other Part : Butilthcy gather PWr/j;^/, then it is MagrtJe Natura j For it 
lliewcth riiat Jire may bee made fo to bee Conden(ed, as to be conuertcd 
into a Denfe Body j whereas the Race and the Period of all things, here 
aboue the Eai th, is to extenuate and turnc things to be more Poenmaticalt, 
andUare , And not tobec Retrograde, from Pnenmacicall to that which is 
Denfe. ItiLewerh alfo, that^ir^ can Nourifh ^ which is another great 
Matter of Con(equenf:e. Note, that to try this, the Experiment of the 
Semper- viue n\ui\ be made without Oiling the Cloth j For elfc it may be, 
the Plant rcceiueth Nouridinrtcntfrom the Oile.- 

B 2 Flame 

Solitary tou- 
(. lung the c'«»- 
d:iifiig oiAtrc, 
infiichfort ai ' 
t a<3y pucon 

'Ki nt. 


Solitaiy tou- 
ching the Cam. 
Flame 3nd^irc, 
And thcjviji 
fmc ther<rof. 



Solitary tou- 
ching the Sf- 
cret Nature o£ 



Flame and ^ire doe not Mingle, except it bee in an Jafldnt -^Oi in the 
viui (pirits of VegetabUs and Ltmng Greuures . In Guny^veder , the 
Force ofu hath beene afcribcd, to Rarefaftion of the Earthly Subftancc 
into BUme : And thus farre it is true : And then (forfooth) it is be- 
come another Element ; the Forme whereof occupieth more place 5 
Andfo, ot NecelTity, followetha Dilatation : And therefore, left two 
Bodies fhouldbcein one place, there mull needs alfo follow an Expul- 
fion of the Pellet j Or Blowing vp of the Mine. Butthefe are Crude 
and Ignorant Speculations. For F//IHW, if there were nothing ehe, except 
it were in very great quantity, will bee fuffocate with any hard Body, 
fuch as a Pellet is, or the Ba??lll of aGunne ; So as the F/<»w would 
not expell the hard Body j But the hard Body would kill the SUme, 
and not furflr it to kindle, or fpread. But the caufe of this fo potent 
a Motion, is the 2y^'/r^, ^whichwcc callothcrwife54/;-/'«r* • ) which 
hauing in it a notable Crude and windy Sfirit, firft,by the//lf<if of the 
Pire fuddenly dilateth it felfe \ (And wee know that fimple A'tre^ be- 
ing pretcrnaturally attenuated by Htxt, will make it felfe Roome, and 
breake and blow vp that which rcfifteth it j ) And Secondly, when 
the Nitre hath dilated it felfe, it bloweth abroad the flAme, as an inward 
Bellowes. And therefore we fee that Brf«»/?M^ P«<rA, C»mphire,WUde- 
Ftre, anddiuers other Inflamable Matters, though they burnc cruelly, 
and are hard to quench • Yet they make no fuch fiery winde, as Gun- 
poxoder doth : And on the other fide, wee fee that Qt^ck filuer •, (which 
is a moft Cmdeand Watry Body) heated, and pent in, hath the like force 
with G«»-^tfW/r. Asfor£w>ig Creatures, ith certaine, thdx Fit iHs pi 
rits area Subllance Compounded of an Airy smdFlanty Matter ; And 
though ^/r<?and F/4>«f being free, will not well mingle ; yet bound m 
by a Bodj that hath fome fixing, they will. For that you may bell fee 
inthofe two Bodies (which arc their Aliments, ) Water ^ and oil'' ; For 
they. likcwife will not well minglcof themfelues, butin the Bodies of. 
PUnts and Liuing Creatures, they will. It is no marucll therefor;;, that 
a fmall Quantity oi^ Spirits, in the Cells of theBraine, and CanalesofI 
the Sinewcs, are able to moue the whole Body, (which is of fo "great 
Made) both with (b great Force, as in W refiling, Leaping ; And with j 
fo great Swiftncffe, As in playing Diuifionvpontheiwr^. Such is thcj 
force of thefc two Natures, Aire and Flame, when they incorporate. 


the Flame of the Candle, open it felfe, and become foure or fiue times big 
ger than otherwife it would haue beene ; andappeare in Figure G/^W^ir, 
and not in Firamis-. You fhall fee alfo , tliat the Inward Flame of the 
Cartdle keepeth Colour, and doth not wax any whit blue towards 
the Coiourof the Outward flameofxhcSfiritpfWine. This is a Noble; 


Qenturj, I. 


laflance-, vvheicintwo things are moft remarkable j The one ; tlwtone 
Plami: within another qncnchcth not, but is a fixed Body, andcontiuu- 
cth as Atre^ or Water doe. And therefore f/4w^ would ftillalcend up- 
wards in one greatnefle, if it were not quenched on the sides: And the 
greater tlieF/dWf isat the Bottome, thehigher isthe Rife. The other, 
that Blame doxh not mingle wiih Flame, as ^/rt doth with. -^^r^, oiWa- 
ter'A^'xxhiVater, but onclyrcnuintth contiguous ; AsitcommethtopaflTe 
betwixt Confifting Bodies. Itappeareth alfo, that the forme of a Pira- 
mis in pUme, which we ufually fee, is meerely by Accident, and that the 
y^/ff about, by quenching the Sides of the FUme, crullicth it, and ex- 
rcniijtotli It into that Forme \ Forof it felfe it would bee Round : And 
therefore Smcakeh'm the Figure of a Piramis Reucrfcd 5 Fortht Aire 
quencheth the Flame, and receiueth the Smoake, Note alfo, that the 
Fiamc of rhe CanMe^ within the Flanteoi tile Spirit »fwii$e, is troubled ; 
And doth not onclyopcn and moue vpwards, but moueth waning, and 
to and fro : As if Flame o^h\s owne Nature (ifit were not quenched) 
would rowlc and turne , as well as move upwards. By all which it 
(liou'dfcemc that the Ca-lclHall Bodies, (moll of them) are true Fires, 
ox Flames, A.'iihc St eicks\\<:\d ; More fine (perhaps) and Rarified, than 
our Flame is. For they are all Globular, and detemiinate ; Thcyhaue 
Rotation ; And they hauc the ColourandSplcndourofF/4»w : bo that 
F/dw^aboue is Durable, andConfiftcnc, andinhisNaturallplacc •, Rut 
with vs, iris a Stranger, and Momentany, and Impure } Likcr#/«» 
halted with his Fall. 

TAke an Arrav^, and hold it in Flame, for the fpace often pulfes ; And 
when it commcth forth, you fhall findc thofe Parts of the y/rrtfir, 
which were on thcOutfidcs of the Flame, more burned, blacked, and 
turned almolHntoa Coalc j whereas that in the Middeftof the Flame, 
willbee, asif theFirehadfeaice touched it. This is anlffJhtMce of great 
conlequencc forthedifcouery of the Nature of F/^'w ; 'And flicweth 
manifcftly, that F/j;wtf burneth more violently towards the Sides, than 
intheMiddcfl : And- which is more^ that //wr or F/W is not violent or 
furious, bnrwliere it is checked and pent. And therefore the Peripate- 
tickes (howfoever their opinion of an Element o[ Fire aboue the Aire is 
i nil! y exploded \ ) in rlutPoinr they acquit themfelves well •. For being 
oppofed, that if there were a. s7/;,'4rf of F<><f that incompafled the Earth 
fo neerc hand, it were impolTible hut all things ihouldbe burnt up ^ They 
anfwer, that the pure ElementaU Fit e, in his owne place, and not irritate, 
is but of a Motleratc //w/. 

IT is affirmed conftantly by many, as an ufuall Experiment ; That a. 
Lttn^e of P^re inthe Bittome o( a Mine, will be tumbled, and rtirred 
by two Mens ftrcngth ; which if you bring it to the T«p of the Earth, will 
aske Six Mens ftrcngth at the Icaft to Itirrc it. It is a Noble Infance, 
and is fit to be tried to the full : For it is very probable, i\i^ii\it Motion 

^i ^'f\ 

Solitary cou- 
cliinp the Dif- 
fer cnlfititoi 
Flume in ilic 
M'lidtft anj on 

Scjitary tou- 
cliingihc Ve- 
crcJlc of the 
SaurjU motits 
grctt diJLvice 
jrem thcEnrih, 



OS(aturall Hislory: 

of QriiMity work cth weakly, bothfarre from the Earrh, andalfo within 
,thc Earth : The former, becaule the ApetitcofVnion of Denfe Bodies 
with the Earth, inrcfpcclofthcdiftance, i$ more dull ^ The latter, be- 
caufe the Body hath in part attained his Nature, when it is fomc Depth 
in the Earth. For as for the Morning to a Ptint or place (which was the 
.Opinion of the -V/ic/^/j*/^ it is a niecrc Vanity. 

Solitary tou- 
ching the C»a- 
the JUixt'ire ot 
the more I.i 
qiiidBucly with 
the more Soltd. 



Solitary tou- 
ching the Ma< 



in Confort 
touching Pw- 
gifig Medicinis. 


T is ftrange, how the ^incienti tookc vp Exptriments vpon credit, and 
yet did build great Matters vpon them. The Obfervation of fome of 
I thcbcftofthcm, delivered confidently is, That yijfell filled with ^{ies 
will receive the like quantity of W-W^r, that it would haiie done, if it had. 
beeneemptv. Butthisisvtterl^vntruc j forthePflirrrwill notgoeinby 
a.Fikhpart. And I fuppole, that that Fifth part is the difference of the ly- 
ing cIole,oropen,of the ^y^wj As weclee that ^/ies alone,if they bee liard 
,prcflcd,willlycinleflcroome : Andfo the ^(hes with Aire betwcene, 
lye loofer ^ And with ii'^ater, clofcr . For I haue not yet found certainly jthat 
^ihcl^'ater, itfclfe, by mixture of vi(/2'«, ori)»/?, willOuinkeordiawinto 

IT IS reported of credit, that if you lay good ftore of Kernels of 
Grapes, .}bout the/J^^/ofaf/Wj it will make the f^'w come earlier, and 
profper better. Itm.iy bee tried with other Kernels, laid about the lim 
of a Plant of the lame kindc 5 As FfgSt Kernels o( Apples, &:c. Tlie Caulc 
may bee, for that the Kernels draw out of the Earth luice fit to nou- 
riCnxheTree, asthofe that would becTV^Jof themfelues, though there 
were no Root ; But the ^w/ being of greater ftrength, robbeth and devou- 
rerh tlK-Nourifliment, whcntliey hauediawncit : As great Fifies dc- 
uourc little. 


HE Operatmo^ Purging Medicines, and the C^in/fi thereof, haue 
bccneth«nghttobea great Secret-, Andfo according to the flothful) 
/ manner of Men, it is referred ro a i7/^<rf<» Propriety, a Specificall Tjertue, 
anda Fourth QuaUty, And the like Shifts of Ignorance. The Cdufes of 
Pur^in^ arcdi'.icrs ; Allplainc and perfpicuous ; And throughly main- 
tained by Experience. The firlt is. That whatfocuer cannot becouer- 
comeanddigeftcdby thestomjcke, is by the Stemacke , either put vpby 
Fomit, orputdownctotheCtfrj- v Awdhy thM. Motion oi Expulficn mthel 
Stomacke, MidGuis, other Parts of the Body (as the Orifices oi' the reines, 
and the like) arcmoiicd toexpell by Confent. For nothing is more, fre- 
quent than Motion «f Confent in the Body of Man. This Surcharge of 
the Stemncke, iscaufed either by the igwrf///; of the ^(ff^wwir, or by the 
Qndntity. The Qualities are three : Extreme Bitter, as in Aloes, Colo- 
quintidA, Sic. LoAthfome and of horrible raftc • As in Agtrick^ BUcke HeSe- 
bere^bcc. hud oifecret Malignity^ and difagrcement towards A/4»; Bo 
die, many times not appearing much in the Tafte j As in ScMmmony, Me- 
ehodcham, Antimony, Sic. And note well, that if there be any Medicines, 


Qenturj, I, 


rhat [nrgeih, and hath neither ofthcfirft two Matufeji Qualities ., it is to 
bcc hclil lul'fKacd^ asakindcot Pcifoii -, For that itworkcth cither by 
Corrojien \ 0(b\' a Secret AUligmt]^ and Enmity to A^iif»rf ; And there- 
fore I ych-^/^f <//«»<?/ are Warily tobe prepared, antivfcd. Jhe Qaanttiy oi 
thai which IS taken, doth alfo cauic Purging ; as wee fee in a great ^j»- 
t/tyot^'ew -'ifilke from the Cow;yca,anda ^rcat QuMtt(j0/Meat; For 
Surjeis many times tiirnc to Purges^ both vpwards , and downwards. 
Therefore wc (cc i?;cncr;i!ly, that the working ot Purging MeJiciueSy com- 
n)cth two or three hoiircs after the Medicines taken ; For that the Stt- 
macke (ivitmakcth a proofe^ whether it can concod them. And the like 
hapjx-nr rh at ter Sur/cts 5 Or yi^ttke in too great ^»nti(ji. 

hk'cowdcdufe \% MerdicAtituoi t\\eOrificeso[ xhcPdrts ; Efpccial- 
lyof die Afcfenterjrcines j As it isfccne, thatiWf, oranv fiichthing 
thativ iliarpe and biting, piitinto the Fiuxlamcnt, doth proiioke the 
Pa-t tovxpcll ; And Mujlard pronokcth Sneezing : Andany {liarpcl 
Thing to the Eyes , pronoketh Tearcs. And therefore wee fee thatalmoft 
a' I Purgcrs banc a kindeot Twitchtug und rellicttton^ belldcsthe Griping 
which comincth ot windc. And if this Mordiatien bee in anoucr-hi^^h 
Degree, it is little better than the Corrofitn ^iP0i(on \ And it comme'th 
copalll lonictiaicsin^-/»/«OTff«;' j Efpccially ifitbegiiicn,toBodiesnot 
rcpleatwith Humors j For where Humors aboimd, the Humors fane I 
the Pairs. 

The thin i(.«M/tf it .i/Kr4(!7/w ; Fori doe not deny, but that r«r^<»5 
Medk'inrs irt theni a dircd Force of AttrAciiin ; As Drawing PUjIers 
haue in Surgery : And wee IcaS^^ or Bet*uybrufed,Sneez>ing'powder, 
and other Powders or Liqusrs (which the PkyfitiMs call ErrhinesJ put in- 
to the Nofe , draw Flegmc, and water from the Head j And lb i t is in A- 
pephlegmattjmer, andGtrgdrifmes, thac-draw the Rhcumc downe bv the 
Pallat. AncbythisVertue, nodoubt, fomc /^wrg^ri draw more one Hu- 
mour, and,fomc another, according to the Opinion rcceiucd : As A'«- 
^ir^draweth Chollcr^ Sean Melancholy ^ Agaricke Flegmc ; Scc.But yet, 
(morcorlcfle) they promifcuoully. And note alfb. that befidcs 
Sy mpathy, bet wecne the P«r^^r and the Humtur, there is alfo another. 
Caufc, wh\' f )me LMedxtnes draw (baie Humour more than another. 
Antiiris., fonlutfome.i/f^/cwn\orkcquickerthanothcrs : Andrhev 
that draw uuickc, draw ondy the Lighter, and more finide Humours 'j 
thcvthat drawiljw, workevpon the more Tough, and Vifcous Hu- 
mours. Andthcrcforc Men muft beware, how they take j^i»64r^, and the 
like, alone, familiarly \ For it takcthonely the Lighted part of the Hu- 
mour away, and leaucth the MafTc of Humours more obltinatc. And the 
like may bee faid ailVerme-vtoi, which is fo much magnified. 

TIk- fourth Caafe is pUtuofttj : For WVW ftirred moueth to expcll: And 

wee tindethat (incffc^f) iWPurgers haue in themaraw Sp/r/t, or iVirde 

which is the Principal! Caufeo^ 7or(t«am the Stomacke^ and Belly. And 

therefore Pwrijmlcefc (moftofthem) rhcVertuc, by Dccodion vpon 

(the Firc ; And for that Caiiie arc giuen chiefly inlnfufion, luvcc, or 

1 Powder. " ' ' The 









3\(aturall HiHory: 

Thefifth Cdufe is Ctm^rfpon, or Crufhin?^: As when Water is Crullied 
OLicof a SfMge : So wee Ice that Taking Ctld mooeth Loofciiefle bv Con- 
traiftionof theSkinnc, and outward Parts ; And fo doth Cold iikcwife 
caufe RheumeSj and Dcfluxions from the Head ; And fonic A(tringent 
Piajlers crufh out purulent Matter. This kinde of Operation is nor found 
in many Medicines : (JHirai>fflanes hivc it ; Anditmay bee the B4y^« ^/ 
Peaches ; For this Vcrtuerequirethan^/r/tf/zM ; butfuchan Ajiri&ita 
as js not gratcfullto the Body : ( For a pleaHng AjhicHoH doth rather ' 
fcjndtf inthe Humours_, than Expell them :) And therefore fuch ^y/r/-i' 
^ton is found in Things of an Hariifli Tafte. f 

The Sixth CMufeh LubrefaSiion, znd Relaxation. As wee fee in Jifei/J 
cines Emttltient ^ Such as are Milke, Htney, Mallorves, Lettuce, MercuriaU, 
PeUetory pfthi PVall, and others . There is alfo a fecret Vertue oH Relaxation 
I m Void : For the Heat of the Body bindeth the Parts and Humours toge- 
ther, which Cdldxt\3xcx!a : As it is fcenc in Vrine, Blaud, Pottage^ orthe 
like; whichj ifthevbee C^W, breakcanddiflToluc. Andby thiskindeof 
Relaxation, F/'^r^Ioofencth the Belly; becaufe rhe Heat retiring inwards 
towards the Heart, the Guts and other Parts are relaxed ; In the famel 
manner, asFeare alfo caillerh Trembling in tke Sinewes. And of this 
Kinde ol^Purgers, are fome Medicines made of Mercury. 

The Seuenth Caufe is Abjlcrtion 5 which is plaincly a. Scouring off", or 
Incijjon of the n$0re vifcous Humours, and making the Humors more iiiiidc ; 
And Cutting betweene them 3 and the Parr. A sis found in 2(itrousWa- 
ter, which fcoureth Linnen Cloth (fpeedily) from the FoulcneCe. But 
t\\i% Inctfien mult bee by a sharpneffe, without Ajlriflion ; Which wee 
finde in salt, Worme-rPH9d,Oxymel, and the like. 

There bee Medicines^ thax: moiie stotdes, and not yhne ; Some other, 
Frine, and nor Stooles. Thofe that Purge by Stoole are fuch as enter not 
at all, or little into the McfenteryVeines -, But either at the lirlt are not di- 
geftible by the Stomac\ie,^K\A therefore moue immcdiatciy^lowa wards 
totheG«f/i Or cllc are afterwards rcicded hy \\\t Mefenterj VetneSy and 
lb turne likcwife downwards to the Gnts ; andof thelc two kindcsare 
vcio^iPurgers. But thole that mouo Trw, arefrch, asarc welldigcftcd, 
of the 5r<7w.ff;&(', and well xtCQmt<\Moo{t}RQMefeytteryVetHes ; Sothev 
come asfcurc as the Liuer, which fendeth Vrine tJ the Bladder, as the 
Wheyof Blood : And thofe Medicines bcmg Openingand Piercing, doc 
fortific the Operation of the Z*»f;-, in fending dowaethe wheyey Parr 
of the Blood to the Reines. Vox Medicines rr/W/w^doenotworkc byRe- 
iedion, and Indigeftion, as Solutiue doe. 

There bee diners Medicines^ which in greater Quaptity, moue Stoole, 
and in fmaller, ferine : And fo contrariwife, fome that in greater Quan-: 
tftyymoueFrine,AndinSma]lcr,Stoole. Ofthe formcrfort is Rttbarb,anS, 
I fome others. TiKCaufeis, fonhAtRubarb ha Medicine, which the Sto-* 
macke in a fmall Quantity dothdigeft, andoucrcome, being not Flatu- 
ous, norLoathfome 5 ) andfo fendeth it to the Mefentery Veines j And 
fobbing opening, ithclpeth downc Vrine : Butina greater Quantity, | 


Qenturj. I. 


t\\cStomicke cannot oiiercomc it, andfoit gocth to the Gun! Pe^ptr by 
{^y.xiQ o'i xhc A:^cKnts is noted to bee of thefecond fort j which being in 
rinali2«J«"f>. moLiethwindcin theStomacke and Guts, andfocxpel- 
Icthhy suole ; But being in greater ^Mtity, difllpatcth the Winde ; And 
itfcliegcttethrothc Meftttterj Veines j AndfototheLw^r, and Rehes j 
where, by Heating and Opening, it fendcth downe Vrine more plen- 

\\ 7 C E haiic rpoken of EuacHAtiitg of the Bodj ; we will now fpeake 

W^ romethingof.tiie F/W«gof itby Refter4ti$tes'm Confmmpitm, and 

Emmiting difesfts. In Vegetables ^ there is one part that is more Nou- 

rifliing another j As Gramesy and Rttts nourilli more, than the 

Letttti J In lb much as die Order of the FoUatarKs was put dowDc by the 

Ptpe, asfiiuiing Lcaucsvnable to nourilli mans Body. Whether there 

bee that dilFcrcnce in tlic Flelli of ItMm^ Crentures, is not well inquired : 

As whether L/rt^ri, and other £«/ri//^y, bee not moreNourirtiing, rhan 

tlie Outward Fle/Jj. VVcclindc thatamongft the Ramd/ts, nGtufes Liuer 

was a great DcUcacy ; In fo much as they had Artificial! Mcancs to 

make it f.urc, and great ; Butwhetherit were moreNourirtiing, appea- 

rcthnot. It is ccitaine, that Marrow is more Nourirtiing than Ftt. And 

1 conceiuc that fohic Decoclion of B-^ww, and Sivexves^ ftampcd, and 

well drained, would bee a very Neurifhh^ Broth : VVe finde alfo that 

Scotch Schincke, (which is a Portage of ftrong Nourillimcnt ) is made 

withtheA>»<r(ri,and5"/MW<r(ofB^<r/r : but long boiled : letlynKOy which 

they vfe for a Reftoratiue , is chiefly made of K/ntckles of Feale. The 

?////>< that is within the Cfd/jlJ or Crabb, which they fpice and butter, is 

I more Nourirtiing than the Fle(h of the Crabl> oTCrafi/h. The Tolkes of 

Egges are clcarcly more Nourirtiing than the Whites, So that it lliouid 

fecmc, that the Paxtsoi' Liu wg Creatures , that lye more Inwards, nou- 

rirti more than the Outward Flefh : Except it be the Brj/Vi^ ; which the 

Spirit prey too nuichvpon, toleaue it any great Vertue of Nourirtiing. 

It fecmethfor the N;)uriiliing of Aged Men, or Men in Confumpti- 

^ons,r>mcfuchthingrt-iouldbeeUeui(cd, asrtiouldbee halfe Cbyliu.hc- 

I fore it be put into the Stomackc. 

Take two large C4/)<?w j perbaileihem vpona foftfire, bv the fpace 
of an houre, ormorc, till incffcci all theBloud beego'ne. Addein the 
Dccotftiou thefrlK o^3i Sweet Ltmen^ or a good part of the Fill of aC/'- 
tron^ and a Httic Mace^ Cut otf the shankes, and throw them awav. Then 
with a good ftrong Chopping-knife, Mince the two Capo^is, Bones and 
aIl,asfmallasordinaTy Minced Meat ; Putthem intoalarge neat Boul- 
ter i Then take a Kilderkin, fweet, and well feafoned, of foure Gallons of 
Bcere,of8. g. ftrength. Now as it commeth from the Tunning 3 Make 
in the Kilderkin a great Bung-hole of purpofe • Then thmft into it, the 
Boulter (in which the O/'om are) drawne out in length ; Let it ftccpein 
itthrce Daves, andthreeNights,t!icBung-holeopen,toworke ; Then 
dole the Bung-hole, andfo let it continue, a Day and ahalfc ; Then 


m Confort tou- 
ching Meats 
and Diff;<;i that 
arc Pi»!t ^'fl«- 




O^turaU Hi^ory : 






draw it into Bottles, and you may drinke it well aitcr three dayes Bot- 
telling i Anditwilllaftlixwcckes (approued.) It diinkethfrellij flow- 
re th andmantleth exceedingly • Itdriiiketh notncwifli at all j It is an 
excellent Drinke for a Confumption, tobee drunke cither alone, or Car- ! 
dcdwith foinc other Beerc. It quencheth Thirlt, and hath no whit of 
windincflJe. Note^thatitisnotpolTible, that Meat and Bread, either in 
Broths , or taken \i-ith Drinke, as is vfed, Choiild get forth into the Veines, 
and outward Parts, fo finely, andeafily, as when it is thus incorporate, 
and made almoft a C^/7«*aforehand. 
' Triall would be made of the like Brew with Potadt Roptsfix Bitrre Roots 
01 the Pith of Artichoakes, which are nourifhing Meats : It may bee tried 
a-lfo, with other ftelli •, As Phefant, Pdrtridge^ Young Porke^Pig.Venifvtt^ 
efpeciallyofr'^sg Otf'«. &c. 

hMortr.effe made with the Br4W»^ ofCaponst (lamped, andftraincd. 
and mingled {after it is made) with like quantity, (at the leaft,) of^/- 
mond Butter ^ is an excellent Meat to Nourilh thofc that are weake ; Bet- 
ter than Blanck-ff»a»']ar, oileily : And fo is the CuUice oi'Cockes, Boilcd| 
thicke with the like mixture o( Almond Butter : For the Mortrejfe^ or Cui\ 
//w.ofitfelfe, israoreSauouryandftrong • and not fo fit for Nourifhing 
ofweake Bodies ; But the Almonds that are not of fo high a talle as Plefb 
doe excellently quaUfie it. 

Indian MAiz> hath (ofcertaine) an excellent Spirit of Nonrillimcnt 
But it muft beethorowlv boy led, and made into n Miiz^-Creame like a 
B^r/f^Cr^dWf.Iiudgethelameofi?/^, made into aCtcame 5 YoxRim 
is in Tnrkey, and other Countreys of the Eaft, moft fed vpon j But it muft 
bee thorowly boylcd in refped of the hardncifc of it : And alfo becaufe 
othcrwife it bindeththe Body too much. 

Ptftachees^ fo they bee good, and not Mufty, ioynedwith Almonds iti 
Almond Mtlke • Or made into a tJHilke of themlelues, like vnto Almond 
Milkcy but more greene, arcan excellent Nouritlier. But you ("hall doc 
well, toaddea little G^^cr, faaped, becaufe they are not without fome 
fubtill wijidincfle. 

Aiilke warme from the Cow, is found to bee a great NouriHier, and a 
good Remedy in Confumptions : But then you muft pur into ic , when 
youmilketheCow, two little bjgges • the one of Fowdcro^ .1-Lai, the 
other of Powder of Red Rofet ; For they kccpe the Aiilke Ibmevvhat 
from Turning, or Crudling in the ilomacke j And put in Sugar alfo 
for the fame caufe, and partly for the Taftesfake j But you muft drinke 
a good draught that it may ftaylelfe time intheStomacke, leftitCrud- 
die : i^ nd let the Cup into which you milke the Cow, be let in a greatci 
Cup of hot Water, that you may take it warme. And Corc-milke, thw. 
prepared, I iudge to be better [oxaConfumption, than A ffe-milke, whichj 
(it is true) turneth not fo eafily, but it is a little harriili ; Marry it i> more 
proper for SharpnefTc of Vrine, and Exulceration of the Bladder, and 
all manner of Lenifyings. Womans Mtlke likewifeisprefcribed, whenall. 
faile ; but I commend itnot ; as being a little too neere the luyce of 


(^enturj, I, 

f M.msBotiv, lobeagoodNourii'herj Except it be in y»»/4«j, to whom it 
! is Nariiuli. 

j Oylt of s veeet Mmfinds^ newly drawnc, with Sa^nr, and a httle ^/'/«, 
[ fprcaJ vpon Bread tolled, is an 'J.xcellentNoiiri(hcr j But then tokcept 
. the 0>/f from frying in the Stomacke, you mull drinkca good draught of 
: MildcBcere after It ; And to kcepeit from relaxing the Stomacke too 
■ much, you muft put in a little Powder of Cinnamon. 

The Tolkesoi fi^^w arc of tliemfelues (b well prepared by Nature for 

[Nourilliment ; As (fothevbeePotched, otReare boiled) they need no 

i other, or Mixture : yet they may bee takcnalfo raw, when 

i they are new Lud,wirh Mslmefej, or Sveet fv/ne j You fhall doc well to 

i put in fomc few Slices of Erjugmm R»»ts, and a little Amhtr grUt ; For 

foy this nieanes, bcfidcs the immcdiat Faailty of Nouiiflmienr, fuch 

Drinkc will ftrcngthcn the Backc j So that it will not draw downe 

the Krine too 'laik ; For too much Vrkie doth alwayes hinder Nou- 


MwdJig of meat ^A^ in /*/>;, and Buttered Afinced Mt4t,(3.uc\\\ the Grin- 
ding ot the leech J And therefore, (no doubt) it is more NouruTaingj 
Efpeciallyin Age ^ OrtothcmthathauewcAke Tcerh ; But the Butter 
is not fo proper forwcakc Bodies ; And therefore irwerc good to moi- 
itcnit with a little r/drf//*'/»^, Pill of Liimttt^ or Orepge,cui{m3\\^ Sugar, 
and a very Httic Cinmamtrt, oxT^Htmegg. As for ChuetSy which are like- 
wife mi nerd Meat, inftead of Butter, andPat, it were g00(.l to moiftcn ; 
them , partly with CrtAme^ or Mmottd, or P/Jacf.0 M$lkefi>\ B*rleyy or AfaiA \ 
Cretme ; Adding a \\vi\cCof tinier Seed-, and rirr4W4j' Sttd, and a very i 
httle Ssffron. The more full Handling of Almentttitn wee referue to the I 
due place. 

h^ee hiue hitherto handled the VArncvhrs which yeeldte^^audeafieff. smd ' 
plemi\»lleft Nourilhmem ^ A»d uoxf we will/^etke pf the heft Meanes ofCtn- 
aeyin^y Mid Cpnuerting the Npuriftjment. 

The Firll Meanes is , to proaire that the N«»ri(hment may not bee rob- 
bcdj and drawnc away j wherein that, which wee haue already faid, is 
very Materiall ^ To prouidc, that the Reines draw not toc> iirongly an 
oucr-grcat Part of the B/W into r>7»<r. Tothis addetliat Preceptof -•f- 
r//7o//*,that;n>^^bcforboTne in A\\C«nftim/>t$o»< -For that the Spirits of 
xhcnine, doc prey vj>onthc Rofcidckivceof the Body, andintcr-com- 
tnon with the Spirits of the Body, and fo decciucand rob them of their 
NouriHinK-nr. And therefore if the Cenfmnptiom growing; from the 
weakneffc of the- Stanaacke, doc force you to vfe fvme j let it alwayes be 
bumr, thatthc (Quicker Spirits may euaporatc j or at the lealt quenched 
with two little wedges of Gold, fixorfi.iien times repeated. Addcallb 
rhisProiuTion ^ That rhcrc bee nottoo much Expenceohhc A^titrtfhment^ 
by Exhali.}^ .'.n J Sweating : And therefore if the Patient be apt to Avoat, 
itmufl: bee gently relhained. But chiefly Hjppocrates Rule is to bee fol- 
lowed ; whoaduifeth quire contrary to that which is invlc : Namely, 
that the Ltanem, or Garment next the Flcili, bee in Winter dfie, and oft 











^aturail Htjlory : 

changed j And in Scmmer ieldomc changed^ and fracarcd oner wirh j 
Oyle ; Forcertaine ins, that any Subftancc thatisFat, dotha little fill J 
the Procs of the Body, and llay Sweat, in ibme Degree. But the more 
cleanly way isto haiie the Linnen fmearcd lightly oucr, with 0)leo(Sveft 
Jlmends j And nor to forbearc (hifting as oft as is fit. 

The fecond Meaaes is, to fend forth the JXeurifhment into the Parts, 
more (trongly j For which, the working mnlt bee by "i'frf^g/^ijwwgot the 
Stomtck 5 And in this, becaufe the Stomacke is chiefly comforted by Wint^ 
and Hot things , which otherwife hiirt ; it is good to refort to Outward jlp- 
plicatiom to the Stomacke : Wherein it hath bcene tried, that the Quilts of 
Refes, spices, Mafiicke^ worme-woody Mint^ &c. arenothingfo helpfiill, 
as to take a Cake oiNtw hrtad, and to bedew it with a little Sackcy or Ale- 
gant ; And to dry it • Andafter it bee dried a little before the Fire, to put 
It within a cleane Najrfcin, and to lay it to the Stomacke : For it is certaine 
that all Flower hath a potent Vertuc of vf/?r/^«» j Info much as it hard- 
ncth a peece of fle(h, or a Flower, that is laid in it : And therefore a Ba^ge 
quilted with Brariy is likewi(e very good jbut it drieth fomewhat too much j 
And therefore it muft not lye long. 

The third Meanes, (which may beea Branch of the former) is to fend 
forththc Noitrijhmetft thebQttcrby Sleepe. Forwecfce, that Beares, and 
other Creatures ihitSleepe in the Winter wax exceeding Fat : And cer- 
taine it is, (as it is commonly beleeued) that sletpe doth Nouri {li much ; 
Bothfor thatthe Spirits doe le(felpend the Nourilliment in 5/(f<?/)^ than 
when lining Cr/4?»r« are awake : And becaufe (that which is to the prc- 
fcnt purpofe) it helpeth to thruftmitthe Nourifliment into the Parts. 
Therefore in Aged men, and wcake Bodies, andliich as abound not 
withChoUer, a"fhort5/<rf/>(r after dinner dothliclpe to Nouri l"h • For in 
fuch Bodies there is no feare of an ouer-hafty Difgeftion . whiclfis the In- 
conuenienceof Poftmeridian^/<f/f/«. SleepealCo'm the Morning, after the 
taking of fomewhat of eafie Digeftion • As Milke from the Gow, Nouri(h ■ 
ing Broth, or the like ^ doth further Nouritliment : But this would be d^)nc, 
fitting vpright, that the Milkeot Broth may palledie more fpcedily to 
the Bottome of the Stomacke. 

The Fourth Meanes is to prouide that the Parts themfelues may 
draw to them the Nouriiliment. ftrongly. There is anExcdlentOblcr- 
uation o^Arijlotie ^ That a great Reafon, why Plants (fome of them) are 
ofgreater Age, than L/*/»g Creatures, is, for that theyy^-'arelv put forth 
newLeaues and Boughes ; Whereas Ltuing Creatures put forth (after 
their Period of Growth,) nothing that is young, butHaire and Nailes 
which arc Excrements, and no Parts. And it is mofl certaine, that what- 
foeuer is Young, dorii draw Nouri("hment better, than that which is 
Old ; And then (that which is the Myftery of that Obferuation) Young 
B<»(ig^«, and Zw««; calling the Sap vp to them 5 the fame NcAirillieth 
ihtBody, in the Pallage. And this wee fee notably proued alfo, in that 
the oft Cutting, or Polling of ffedges. Trees, and Herl/s, doth conduc 
much to their Lafting. Transferre therefore this Obferuacion to the 


C I 

Century, I, 

Helping of Noiirillimcnt in Lining Creatures :Thc Noblctt And Pnncipall 
Vic vrhcn'ofis, torthi; ProltnoationoiLife j RejUit)-dtii>noi(omt Degree 
oiToaih -^ and Jnteneraiioif of the P^rts : Forccrtaineit is, that there are 
in iiMttj" c reatures Pa:ts that Nourilli, and rcpaire Eafilv; And Parts that 
NoLinlli and repairc hardly, And you niuft refrcrti, and renew tho(e that 
arecafietoNoLiriiTi, that the othcrniay bee refrefliccl, and (as it were) 
Drinke in Nounn-iment m the Paflage. Now we fee that Draught Oxen^ 
put into good Paltiire, recouer the Flerti of young Beefc j And Men after 
long Irmaciating Diets, wax plumpc, and fat, and almolt New : So that 
you may fiirely conclucie, that the frequent and wife Vfe of thofc Emacid- 
ti0g Diets,;mdoi Pargings : Apd pcfhaps of fomc kinde of ^/^ri/wg ^ isa 
principall Mc-incs of ProUngstitH of Life -^ And Rejitring feme Degree of 
Teuth : For as we haue often fa id, Dedthcomm(^ih.\^onLmMg Creatures 
like the Torment ofCMe&emM. 

Afariua quinttiam iun^ebit CorftrA vim. 
Compcnens Mamhitf^ Mantu^ dtg, Oribus On. 

For the Parts in Mans Body cafily reparablc(as Spirits ^B ha J, md Flefh) 
die in the Embracemcnt of the Parts hardly reparable {asBcnes, Nerues^ 
and MembiATio-^Awd likewife fome £»»/ri//f/(which they reckon amongft 
the SpermaticaU ^4;^^arehardtorepaire : though that Diuifion of i"/*^/-- 
mateuU^ aiid AicHJlruAll Parts^he blit a Conceit. And this fame ObferuA- 
//(7»allb maybe drawne totheprefent pnrpofe of Nourifhing Emaciated 
Bodies : And therefore Gf^w/e Fr/wr/^ndrawcth forth the Nourirtiment, 
by making the Parts a little hungry , and heating them j whereby they call 
forth NomilTiment the better. This Fncttionl wifh to bee done in the 
Morning. It is alfo beft dojicby the HAnd^ or a peece of ScArlet WctU, wet 
a httle witli Oyle of Almonds, mingled with a Imall Quantity of B/sj-fdlt, 
^r Siffrtts. Wc fee that the very Currying of Horfes doth make them fat, 
and in gooil liking. 

The Fifth Meanes is, to further the very AB of A^\miUti0itof Nouri^ 
mem ; which is done by fome outward EnuUieatSy that make the Parts 
mote apt to A(j\milate. For which 1 haue compounded an Oiatmentof 
Excellent Odour, which I call r\omAit Ointment, vide the Receit. The vfe 
of It would bcc betwcene Slecpes ; For in i he latter Sleepc the Parts afli- 
milatc chiefly. 



Ktrcbce manv Afedicites, which bv themfelues would doe no Cure^ 


...... 3 Experimcnc 

but perhaps Hurt, But beang applied inaccrtaincOrdcr, one after Sditary tou- 
anothcr, doe great Cures. I haue tried (my felfc) a Remedjt for the Gfut, | *'''J5 /''"*' 
which h.uh fi.ldomc failed, but driucn it away in 2 4, Houresfpace: It ' ' ' /n 
is firll to apjily a Pttlidfje, of which vide the Recett . And then a 3Ath or 
Pome/itatiM,of whichvide the Receit ; And then a PUiJier, vide the Re- 
ceit. The Ptiltiljt relaxeth the Pores, ard maketh the Humour apt to Ex- 
hale The FomentatiM calleth forth the Humour by Vapours j But yet 
in regard ofrlK' way made by the"? HhAjfe , drawcth gently j And there- 
fore draweth the Humour out 5 and doth" not draw mote to it j For it 

C is 

Solitary cou- 
ching Cwety 


j Solitary tou- 
• chingC«r<fcy 

Solitary tou- 
ching Ch>c by 
M«tm of con- 


ViS. Genile ^omentatien, andhath withaila (though very little) 
of fome StHfefaEiine. The Plaijier isa Moderate Aftrtgem PUifier^ which 
repellcth New Humour from falling. The PnltaJJe alone would make the 
Part moie^fofc, and weakc j And apter to take the Defluxion and Imprel- 
lion of<the Humour. The ftfWMfrfr/Vff alone, ifit were too weake, with- 
out way made by tHc ?»//|//V, would draw forth little \ iftooftrong, it 
would draw to the Partj as well as draw from it. The TUiJier alone ,would 
pen the Humour already contained in the Part, and fo exafperate it, as 
Veil as forbid new Humour. Therefore they muft be all taken in Order,as 
is fiiid. The PuUaffeis to be laid to for two or three Houres : The Pomtnts- 
?/«» for a Quarter of an Houre, orfomewhat better, being vfed hot, and 
ftuen or eight times repeated : The Flaijier to continue onftill, till the 
Part be well coofirmed. 

THereisafecretWayofC»r« (ynpradkifed') By Jffttetttde oHhax 
which initfclfehurtcth.F«/(WJhaue been made,by fo iie, Familiar, 
as hath bccne faid ^ Orcdtiary keepers of the Sicke of the Plague, are fel- 
dqrne infeded. Enduring o^Torturty by Cnfiome^ hath beene made more 
eafic ; The Brooking of Enormous Quantity of Meats y andfo olivine or 
Strong Drinke, hath beene, by Cu/Iome^ made to bee without Surfet, or 
DrunkenneJJe. And generally Dtfeafes that are Chronically as CougheSy 
PhthiJickesSomekindesof Pal/eyes, Lunacies, Sec. are moit dangerous at 
the firll : Therefore a wife Phyjitian will confider whether a Difeafe be In- I 
curable • Or whether ±c luft Cute of itbee not full of perill ; And if hec | 
findeittobefuch, let him refortto Palliation ^ Andalleuiace theSjmp- 
tome, without bufying himlelfe too miich with the ptrfe<ft Cure : And ma- 
ny times, (ifthePd/rwfbee indeed patient) that Courfe will exceed all 
Expedation. Likcwife the Patient himielfe may ftrine, by little and little 
to Ouercome the ^7«jp/o/wr, in the Exacerbation, andfo, by time, tumc 
Surfcring into Nature. 

DIuers Vifeafesy erpccially Chrmicall (fuchas QuartMAgaes ^^.are 
fometimes cured by i'w;^/, anAExceJfes ; As ExcefJ'eof Mat, kx- 
cfJJeofDrinke^ Extraordinary Fajiing, Extraordinary Stirrwg, or^-iljitadet 
and the like. The Caufc is, for that Difeafes of Continuance get an Ad- 
uentitious Strength from Cuftomc,befides their Jt/4/m4//C<i»/tf from the 
Humours : So that the Breaking of the Cuftome doth leaue them onely to 
their firft Canfe-^ which ifit be any thing weake will fall off. Bcddes, fuch 
I Exceffes dbe Excite aid Spur Nature , which thereupon rifeth more forci- 
bly againft the Difeaje. 

T Here is in the Body of Man a great Confent in the 'Motion o( thefe- 
ueiall Parts. Wee fee, it is Childrens fpoir, to proue whether thev 
am rubvpon their Breaft with one hand, and pat vpon their Fore-head 
with another J And rtraight-wayes. they ("hall fomctimesrub with both 
Hands, or pat with both Hands. Wee fee, that when the Spirits, that 
come to thelSfofthrilSj expel! a bad Sent, the Stomaeke is ready to Ex- 

_ pcll 


Century, J. 

pel! by Vomit. V\'c findc that in C«»fumptiMso( the Lun^s^ when Na- 
ture cannot expellbyroag^, Men fall into Fluxet of the Bt'//]f, an.ithcn 
thcydvc. So mP eft He ntDifeafei, if they cannot bcc expirllcd Dy Sweat, 
they hlWikcwWc 'vc\xoL»efene.jJe, and that is commonly Morcall, There- 
fore Phyfittaits ihoiild ingenioufly contriucj how by fJiiotiotts that are in 
their /^o»'<rr, they may excite /•w^r*^ /i/«/*w that are not in their P^w/r^ 
by Conjem ; As by the Sttnch oiPeaihers^ or the like, they cure the f^ifing 
of the Mother . 

HlfptOAtes Apborifme, In MorbU minui^ is a goo.i profound ^pht- 
^//wf, kimporteth, that Di/eaps, contrary to thtCffmplexica, yige^ 
Sex, Seafonof the year ey Diet, &cc. are more dangerous, than thofc chat 
are Concurrent. Ainanwouldthinkeitl'houldbecotherwile , For that, 
when the Accident of Sickne^e^ zndtht NAtmnHDifpojitieit, doe fecond 
'i the one the otlier, the Dijeafe iliould bee more forcible : Andfb (no 
doubt) it is i if you fuppofe like ^antiiytf Matter. But that, which 
makcth gootl the ^/'/wrx/xwf , is ; Bccaufe fuch Difeafes doefhew agrca-^ 
tc\ Co\letUo»0f iMatter,h\ thztthcv axe able to ouercome thofe Natitrtll 
Inclinations to the Contrary. And tliercforc in Difetfss of that kindi.*, 
ktthe Fhyfitietidp^ly himtelfc more to Pitrgat ton, than to Alteration ^ 
Bccaufe the Oifcncc IS in the 2^4i»///; ^ and the Qualities arc redificdof 

P////Jt7jm doc wifely prefcribc, that there bee Pr<'^4.'4r/W/vft;d before 
/m/1 Prnx'ttiojis J For certaine it is, ^hat P»rgers doc many times 
great Hurt, if the Body bee not accomtiioJated, both before and after 
the Purging. The Hurt that they doe, forwant of /'r<!'^4r4/7#» before Pur- 
ging, is by the Sticking of the Humours, and their not comming faire 
away j VVhichcaufeth in the Body great Perturbations, and ill Acci- 
dents, during the Purging ^ And alio, the diminill)mg , and dulling | 
of the Workingof thcvi/^^iowirfelfe, thatitpurgcthnotfulficicntiy, I 
Therefore the workc of Preparation is double j To make the Hnmonrs 
Fluide, and mature • And to make the Pajfages more open ; For both ' 
thofehelpe to make the Humours paflc readily. And for the former of j 
theic; Sirrups are moll profitable , And for the Latter, Apox.ttmes, or; 
Preparing Broths ; clijlers alfo hcljxr, left the Medicine ftop in the Guts, 
and workc gripingly. But it is true, that^odies abeundingwith Humours^ 
And ?at r.odiei ; And Opeat-P'eitber ^ are Preparattucs in themfclues j be- i' 
caiile they make the Hiimoutj morcfluide. But Icta Phj[iti*nbevfa.t&n '' 
howhce purpx' aftc r hard Jfrofty n-eather^^awdm a Leone Body, without 
Ptfparaticn. For the Hurt, that they may doe after /'•'"^/•j; jit is can- 
fed by the Z:o^(;/.'»^ of Ibme^MOTMi-i mill Places : For it isccrtaine, that 
there bcc //«»<?«;.», which fomewhcre placed in the Body,* arc c|inct, and ! 
doe little hurt •, In other Places (cfpecially PafTages) doc much mif- \ 
chi'jfc. Therefore ir is good,arterr«r^7>»«, tovfe j4}oz.»mes., and Brotbx, j 
not lb much OptKing as thofe vfed before Purging, biit lifter fine and 
^ C z Afundifjing ^ 


Solitiry cou- 
ching C*r<o( 

Solitary tou- 
ching Pw/^ar4- 

fet^til of the 

{ r /; ^/i 


[h(aturaU Histor}': 

Solitary tou- 
ching Stancb- 


Mundi fling C lifters alfb are g(X>d to conclude witii, to draw away the 
Reliqiies otthe Humours, that may haucdefccndcd to i\i^ Lower Region 
of the Body. 

BZ,Wisftanchcd diuerswayps. '^\x^^hy Aflrit^ents^ andRepenuf- 
^fiue Medicii$es. Secondly, by Drawing of the Spirits and B^itd in- 
wards j which is done by Cold j As Iran^oxa Stone laid to the necke doth 
ftanch the Bleeding at the Nofe 5 Alfo it hath bcenc tried, that the Tefti- 
clest being put into fliarpe Vinegar, hath made a. fudden Recefle of the 
Spirits, and ftanphcd Bloud. Thirdly, by the ReceJJe of the Blond bj 
SympAthy. So it hath beene tried, that the part that bleedeth, being 
thruft into the Body of a Capon, or Sheepe, new ript and bleeding, 
hath ftanched Blond ; The Blondy as it leemcth, fucking and drawing 
vp, byfimilitudeof fubftance, the Blondit meethwith, and fo iticlfe 
going backe. Fourthly by Cuftome and Time ; So the Prince of ^»- 
rdnge, in hisfirft hurt, by the SpMtfh Boy, could finde no meanes to ftanch 
the Bleadf either by Medicine or Ligament ; but was faine to haue the Ori- 
jke of the ivonnd ftopped by Mens Thumbs^ fucceeding one another, for the 
fpace at lead of two Dayes j And at the laft the bloud by Cuftome only re- 
tired. There is a fifth Way alfciin vfe, to let Blond in an Adtterfe Part, for 
a,Rennifiaa. ^ 

Solitaiy loM- 

AHmenis and 

Stjiury tou- 
ching V'uli, 


touching the 
TroduSikt of 

IT helpeth, both in Medicine, and Aliment, to Change andnot to con- 
tinue the fame Medicine^x\diAlimtnt ftill.The Cauie is,for that Nature 
by continuail Vfe of any Thing, -groweth to a Saciety, and Dulneffcy ei- 
ther oi Appetite, or Working. And we fee that AjfnetHde of Things Hurtfnit 
doth make them leefe their force to Hurtj As Foifon,which with vfe Ibrtie 
hauebrought themfeluestobrookc. And therefore itis nomaruell:,though 
Things heipfn'd,byCnJlome,letk their force tohclpe. 1 count late/miftton 
almolt the fame thing with Change j For that,that hath beene ititcraiittcd, 

IT is found by Experience, that in Diets ofGnaiMnm^Sarzii, and the like 
(efpecially if they bee ftrid) the Patient is more troubled in the begin- 
ning, than after continuance j which hath made fomc of the n lore delicate 
Sort of Patients, giue them ouer in the middeft ^ Suppofing that if thofc 
Diets trouble them fo much at firft, they ftiall not be able to endure them 
to the End. But the Caufe is , for that all thofc Diets doc dry vp Hamenrs, 
Rhenmes, and the like ; And they cannot Dry vp vntill they haue firft at- 
tenuated ; And while the Humonr is attenuated, it is more Fluid, than it 
was before, and troubleth the Body a great deale more, untill it bee dried 
vp, andconfumed. And therefore Patients muftcxpeda due time, and 
not checkc at them at the firft . 

The Producing o^ Cold u a thing very worthj' the Inqui- 

ficion } both for Vfc, and Difclofurc of Caufes. For Heat and 

1 Cold 

Century. I. 

Co/dare Natures two Handi, whg;cby Ihcc chiefly workcth : 
A n<j H^^? wc tiauc in rcadincflc, inre/pc«!i of the Fire ; But 
forCoU wccmuft ftay till itc^dmmcih ; or(cckc it in dccpc 

! Caucs, or high Mountarrlts , Artd wRcn all is done, we cannot 
obtainc it in any great degree ; For Furnaces ot Fire arc farrc 

; /lOttci', ihan a Sutfi&tersiStftte ^But Vault^^otHils arenoc much 
" .Colder than a Winters Frofl. 

' ^Tli^ 'fitff' Meanei of PrtMii^ CfidtM ^K ^i(^N4tnfe prefeotcth vs 
wirfial! . Naliiely the ExpiringpfCtld out of the InwArdftrts ef the Esrth 
I in >»v»rfr,wbp ti^^ power tCKweiporiie it ^ the £ar/<rbeing 

f (S*i*hOTh beeric nottdhy Xprnc)Prim»m Fr;^/^/»fw, This hath hecne averted 
/ as Well by Ancu^iit ^s b j| Moucmc fhiUftfher^ : It was the Tenet o^Par- 
\ mtniies. Ir\vasth^opini6nDfrhe^/»xA<»rof"thedj(couTfcin//«Wf* (for 
{ ItikeitthcitBr>okewasnotf/»/ir(:/»iowne) Defrimte^rigtdo. It was the 
! opinion of r*?/*-^/**,' who hath renewed the PhiUfo^hy of Ptrmemdrs, and 
is the bell: of the Neue/lijis. 

■'^Thb SccoHd CaM/eoi: Coldis the CMts^ oiCeldBtiies ; VotcM is 
'A£liiK-ancl Ttanfitiueinto Bodies Adiacent, as well ^%Hest : which is 
fecne in thofe things rhat arc touched with. Sn§wox Celdi^attr. And 
therefore whofocuerivill bean Inquircf into Nature^ let him refortto a 
CtnferMitorjo^Snow and /rr ; Such as they vfefrr dtlicsej, to coale Wine 
in Siimnicr : which is a Poorc and Contempuble vfc, in rcfped of^ther 
vfesy(ihattnay'bcniadeo'ffuchC#ii/r/-*4wW«. ^ , , . .,.^„ . 

i TJic rhirdC4i<^isthe Pri»t*r9 Nttire of all ''finjfiite 'hodies .-For it is 
well to beenotcdj that all Thipgs whatfoeucr (Tangible) are of thcm- 
felucs Cold ; Except they hauc an Acccfllbry fiat by fire j, Life^ qt Motion : 
For cucn the Spirit o^fyitUtOr Chjmic4llOiies,v:hich arc lo hot in Operati- 
on,are to the firft Touch Cold j And Aire it C;lfe .corapreflcd, and Con- 
dcnfed a littlc^by blowiilg, is C*W. 

Tht-Fourth Crf*/*- is the D^*^/^ <»//&? 2?*^7 j For all Dettfe Stdies are 
TMder' than moft other Bodies-^ As MetdlsySte»e,GUJfe ^ And they arc lon- 
gcrin 1^rar/>i» than Softer Bodies. Andit is ccrtainej that Earth, Dettfe^ 
r^n'/Wf, hold all of the Nature of roW. The Caufe is, for that all A/j«fr/ 
TAH^ifilc hcm^Celd, it mult needs follow, thatwhcre the 3/ifAfr is moft 


the Cold is the greater. 

The Fifth Cjufe o( Cold, or rather of increafc and vehemence of 
^^#/</, isa Qaicke Spirit incUfed in * C 'oldBodj^.; As \yj II appcare to any that 
(hall attcTirinelv confider of iVi/wr* iti' many Inilances. Wecfee Nitre 
(which hath a Quicke Spirit) is Cold •, m«^re Cold to the Tongue, than a 
Sron^ ;Sv> H-'j/^r is Cotder rhanO/Z^jbccaufe it hath a Quicker Spirit ; For 
all <9^)V,'th.^b<^hTt hcTththe TaHgiblcParts'betrerdigelfedthan P^'rffr/'. yet 
! hath it a duller Spffjt : So Stniti is Colder t\\ax\WAter, bscaiifcit hath wW 
I 'J*^r/r \fithiiTit ' Sb \vc fee that Salt put tqlce (as in tlie^ppducing of the 
; v^r/»jWaJlf ife;incfeafcVH the J*5/»//^ bftV/i; iSoP>me/ii^^4 which hauc 

^^-^ — — '. £j ^^'■'' 









O^^turall Htslor) : 




touching the 

Vtfjitn and 





spirit 0^ Lifers Snakes, and sUktwtrntet^ arc , to the touch Celd. S o ^ick- 
filuens the Coldefi odActtab^ becaufe it isfnUe/i of Spirit. 

The Sixth Cauft of Cgld is the Chujiog and Driutng away of Spirits, fiich 
as haucfome ISegree tf Hett : For the BanilTiingof the^^Mrmull needs 
leauc any Body Ctf/i. This wee fee in the Operation of 0^/«w, and Stm- 
pe/aBiues, vponthe Spirits of lining Creatures : And it were notamitle' 
to try opium, by laying itvpon the To^di zweather-GlaJlej to fee whe- 
ther it will contrad the -r^/rr .• Butldoubt itwillnotfucceed : Forbe- 
fidesthattheVcrtueof 0//ii»«» will hardly penetrate rhorowfuch a Body 
asGlaffe, Iconceiue thatO//«w, and the like, make the 5/»Ww flye ra- 
ther by ii/<i//g»/f;, than by C«/^. / 

Sciienthly, the lame £^3 muft follow vpon the fix^4//*^ or Drawing 
em if the ivarme Spirits, that doth vpon the Flight of the S pirits . There is 
an Opinion, that the Mttneis Magneticallof £/«;, as the Sunae hoi Cold 
and Aftifiure : It were not amilTe therefore to try it, with Warme-waters j 
The one expofed to the Beames of the Moont j the other with fome 
Skrecnc betwixt the Beames of the iiooneawi the ivater ^ As wee v(c to 
thc^wsflfforShade J And to fee whether the former will co<^le((>3ner. 
And it were alio good to en quire, what other Meanes there maybce, to 
draw forth the Exile Heaty which is in the Aire j for that may be a Secret 
of great Power to Produce Cold weather. 

Wcc hauc formerly fct do wnc the Meanes of turning Aire into 
'Upatery in the Experiment tj. But bccaufc it is Magnate Naturae j 
Andtcndetli to the fubdumgofa very great effect j Andisalfo 
of Manifold vfe; wee will adde fome Jnflances in Qonjort that 
ojuc lioht thereunto. 

It isreportcd by (bmeof the Ancients, that Sailers haue vfcd, cucry 
Night, to hang Fleeces of Woollon the fides of their Ships, the VVooll to- j 
wards the water ^ Andthatthcyhauecnifbedfrerti Water out oF them, 
in the Morning, for their vfe. And thus much we haue tried, that a Qum- 
titj oi wooll tied loofe together, being let downe into a deepe tvell j ^dd 
hanging in the Middle, fome three Fathome from the Water, fora night, 
in the Winter time j increafed in weight, (as I now remember) to a 
fifth Parr. 

It is reported by one of the Ancients^ that inLydia. necre Pergamsu, 
there were certainewprit^-w^», in time of W^4rr«, fled into <r<i»« ; And 
the Mouth of the C«« being ftoppcd by the Enemies, they were fami-'j 
fhed. But long time after ttie dead Bones were found ; And fome Vef- 
fels which they had carried with them j And the Vcflels full of Water j 
And that «^4f^r, thicker, and more towards Ice, than Common Water: 
which is a Notable In^nceoi Condenfation^ md Induration, by Bur isU 
vnder Earth, (in Caucs) for longtime ; And of verfionaKo (as it fhould 
feeme) of ylire into Water ; if any of thofe Vcflels were Empty. Try 
therefore a fmall Bladder hung in Siitw ^ And the like in Nitre 5 And the 


Century. 1, 


like iti Qjick-Jjluer : And if you finde the BUdders fallen j or (lirunke j you 
may be lure the ^/mscondenfcd by the Ctldohho^c Bodies-^ As it would 
be in a Crf«tf vndcr £4rf /(?. 

I It isicportcd of very good credit, diat in the Etft Indies, if you feta 

• Tub of } voter open, in a Roome where Clfues are kept, it will bee drawnc 

' dry in tbure and twenty hourcs ; Though it ftandat lomediftance from 

I the ('hues. In die Countrcy , they vfc many times , in deceit, when their 1 

I tvtoU is new fhorne, to fet fome Pailes of tvaterhy, in the fame Roome j 

1 to iiicrealc the weight of the iVMll : But it may bee, that the Heat of th e 

. W-W/, remaming from the body of the Sheepe j or the Heat gathered by 

! the lying clofe of the WeoU, heljicth to draw die watry. Vapoqc • Bui that 

. is nothing to the r(r;y?i»«- A .-: r '> • ^'^ • 

j Itis reported alfocredibly, thatW'W/ncwi'horne, bcinglaidcafualiy 

j\po\Mre/lello^yeriHjcej after fowe time, haddrunkc vpa great part of 

thcre)iit)iee, though the Ve(Iell were whole without anyfZiir, and had 

not the Bung-hole open. In this inftance,there is(vpon the by)to be noted 

the Pc) eolation^ or Snino of the Veriujce thorow the wood ; For Verittyce of 

it felfc would ncucr hauc pafled thorow the Wood- Saas it feemcth, it 

mull: be fiiit in a kinde of V'apour,before it pafle. 

ItiseGx^cially tobccnoted, thatthfe Caule, thatdoth facilitatcthc 
Verjioitoi Aire into Txater, when the Aireh not in groflie, butfubtilly 
mingled with TMgiUe Bodies, is , (as hath bcene partly touched betore J 
for that Tan^ilfle Bodie.. hauc an Antipathy with Aire ^ And if they findc i 
any Liquid Bod), that is more denfe, nccrc them, they will draw it : And 
after thcyhaue drawneit, they will dondcnfc it more aQdineffed in- 
corporate it ; ForwecicetliataA7>«»^f, owttU, <yc S agar ^ or a w»oUe» 
Clath, being put but in part, in wdter, or wi»e, will draw the Liqwr 
higher, and beyond the place, where the wdter or w/«^commcth. Wee | 
fcealfo, tlut wood, Lnte-j}ri»gs, andthclike, doefwellin moijlSeifons: 
As appearcth by the Sr^ 4i:<>»g of the Strings, the Hard Turning of the 
PigSy and the Hard drawing forth of Boxes, and Opening of wain/cot doores j . 
which isa kinde of /»/»/i^» •• And is much like to an In fnjioa in water,! 
which will make wood to fmcll : As Wee fee in the Filling of the Chops I 
ofBouIes, by laying tlicm in Water. But for that part of thcfe£x/fri-| 
ntents, which ccnceriieth ylitraBion j wee will refcrue it to the proper Ti-i 
tleo^ Attraciian. 

Thr. re is alfo a Verfio)) of Aire into ivater, (ccne in the Sweating ofM^r-^ 

Mes, and other Stexcs, And of Wiinfcot befire and in moid weather:! 

This mud bc,eithcr by fome Afoi/Iare the Body yeeldeth • Or elfe by the. 

Moid Aire thickncdagainiT: the hard body. Bucitisplaine, that it is the 

latter ^ For that \\\\: fee Woodpiinted with Oyle Ctlonr, will foOner gather 

dr.>ps in a moid Nbj,hc, than i^yood alone : which is caufed by the 

Smix^tlinelTeandClofenclle : which Ictteth inno partof the Vapout,! 

|andfoti,rnethitbackc, andthickcneth itincoDcw. Wee fcealf:), that 

! Breathing \pon ciGtsjJe, or Smooth body^ giuetha Dew. Antlin Proj^jf. 

: Aforninos({uch as wccall Rime Frojls) yoii fliall findc drops cif Dew vpon; 

I _.^^^____ the^ 






J^turAll HiHor}: 

\ * 


in Conforc 
touching Z*//^- 

tbelnlideofGlafle-windowcs j And the Pr»fl itfelfe vponthe ground 
is butAyerjUn or Condenf/ttion, ofthe Moid Vapours of the Night, into 
iawatrielubftantc : D<ftrifilikewi(e, undRaine, are but theRcturnes of 
Moift Vapours ~ Condenfed ; The Dew, by the c*/</onely of the Sunncs 
departure, which is the gentler C0ldy^J^afifts, by the Ci»/</of tliat, which 
they cali tJie Middle Hegicit of the ^^rf j, which is the niore violent 
Cold. ' ', '■■"■^' '.".''■' '" 

It is is very probable (as hath beenp touched) that that, which will 
turne Wiwinto /ff, wiU likewife turne ywrr tSome Degree Hearer vnto 
fraUr. Therefore try the Ex^Miji^ilojf the Artijuiall Turning IVdttrintt 
Ice (whereof we fhall ipeake in aftother plac^)with -dtre in plaice c^WAter 
and the /« aboui:it. Andalthopgh ii be ^ greater Alteration t;otpj;Dc Mre 
into fP^i/r^.than >^4Write7Jr/; Vetthire is this Hope, that b^ Continu- 
ing the Mre longer time, the ^ff^d; will follow ; f p^ that Arti%iali Cen- 
nerjioH oipvAter intb /rlf , is thi workc of a few Houres ; And this oiy^ire 
ipaybetriedbyaMonethsfpacCjOrthelike. i.. ■ ■.■:^ * 

Induration^ oi Lapfdification , ©f Subftanccs more foft, is 
likcwifc another degr^cof Condenfdtion ; And isa great il/ifw- 
i/o» in Nature. Thccffcdingand Accclcratihg thereof is very 
worthy to bee inquired. It;s cfFfdcd by three Mcancs. The 
firft is by Cold i whpfc Property is torW<r»/^,andGonilipate, 
as hath bcenc faid. The Second is by f7M^i which is nor proper j 
but by confcqucncc j For thc.Htr^^ doth attenuate ; Ani} by At- 
tenuation doth fend forth the Spirit and moifter Part of a 3o- 
dy i A^idypoqthiic, thcmotegroflc of the Tangible ParfJdoe 
contradftpd fciteth?mfelucs together j Both toauoid VasMm 
("as they call it ; ) Andalfo to Munitc thcrprclucs againft me 
Fbrdfdf thcHr^jwhich they hauc fufTered. And the third i^Sy- 
4/r?wr7<?^w»J^#hcn ai^ard B Affimilaceth a Soft, tcirag 

(^pmignoustoiR .,:fi,ii9^9--":-, ^j.M-i"'^'- ■-^'; ■■ ' _': 

L,TJie£xanipUs of /»rf<«r4/fl»», taking th^ftj pron^iCcUounj?, 
arc many : As the Generation of Stenes within the Eartp, 
which at the firft are but Rude Earth, or Glay : And io of M/- 
mraUsjt which come (no doubt) at firtt, oMuyccs Concrct^, 
w(iich afterward indurate : And foofPorftf/7<»»^,Whichisah 
ArtificidlCemmtt buriedj» the earth a long time : Aridfo tl^ 
Making oiBricke, 2ndTile ; Alfo the Making of G/#, of* 
'iiertiaineSand, and Br^jkcrRgotj, and lomc other : M- 
[oxlai Exudations Qiio(k-DiamndSf and Crjflall, which har-| 

■ j JU. l ,- \. ' i" ' I ' Jf^ » t " "Ji *>' 


Ccfitmy* 1. 

den wirh time .• AKothc Induration oi Bead- Ambcr^ vvhichar 
Hrli: is a (oft Subliance ; a:» appcareth by the /"'AW, and Spiders, 
whicn arc found init; And many morc:Buc Wc wilHpcakcot 
them diiiindiy. 

Vox IndHriiiofuhv Cold, there be few Trials of it ; For we haue no ftron? 
Orintenfc CoidhcxQon. the Surface of the £i><^, ib neere the Beames of 
the Sunne, and the Heaucns. The hkelicll Triall is by SnoWy and Ice.^ For 
as Sfiow and lee, cfpecially being holpen, any! their Cold adiuared by Ni- 
fre^orSalt, will tiirnc/^4/rr into /f^, and that in a fcwhoures j So it may 
bee, it will turne if^aod, or Stiffe cUy, into Sitae, in longer time. Put there- 
fore, into a Cenfifruitig Pit diSnew^ and Ice, (adding fomc quantity oiStlt, 
and Nitre,) a Pccce of;rwi, or a Peece of Teugh cUy, and let it lye a Mo- 
ncthjormore. * 

Another Triall is by MetaBige iraters , which haue vertuall Cfld in 
them. Put therefore W'W, oxClAy, inzo Smiths WMer, or other Metallitie 
Wdtert, And try whether it willnot harden in Ibme reafonable time. But I 
vndcrltand it, oi 'ifftdUine ivdters,thaz come by Wa;liing,or Quenchingj 
Av.dnotof Straagiraters that come by diflblution; fortheyaretoo Coro- 

It is already found, that thercare fome Natural/ Spring-fvaters, that will 
Inlapidate iroed ; So as you ("hall lee one pcecc of »^'«ii, whereol'the Part 
abouethe f-t'tfrrriliall continue Weed ; and the Part vnder the (^'vi/fr ftiall 
be aimed intoakindcof Gr-iwfl/^^^w^ j It is likely thofe Waters stxc of 
(omc Ml tali i»e Mixture ; But there would bee more particular inquiry 
made of them. It is certainethat an£^|^ was found, hauing lien many 
ycares in the bottomcof a Moat, where the Earth had fomewhatouer- 
growneitj AndthisEggcwascometothe Hatdneircof ai'/ijatf i And 
had the Colours ofthe white and yolke perfcd ; And the Shell lliining in 
fmall graines hke Sugar, or Alablarter. 

Another Experience there is of IndMratieM by Celd, which is alreadv 
found ; which is,that /J/rtdZ/j^themfeluesarc hardncd by often Heating and 
QuenchtRg in Celd Water : For Celd cuer worketh molt potently vpon h'eat 

For ittdurationhy Heat^ it muftbeconfidered, that ^ the Exha- 
ling of the Mxrtcr Parts, doth either harden the Body ; As in Bricks, 
Tiles, &c. Or if the tfeat bee more fierce, maketh tlic grolfcr part it felfe~ 
Run and Melt ^ As in the making of ordinary Glijfe j And in the r«r/- 
fcatioHoi Earth, (As wee ice in the inner Parts of Furnaces 5 ) and in the 
yitrijication of Britk ; And of Metalls. And in the former of thefe, which 
is the hardning by baking, without Melting, the Heat hath th.-fe degrees; 
Firit, it W«rdrf/« j And then maketh F;-.*^//* 5 And laftly it doth /w;»(f- 
rate and Calcinate. 

But ifyt-;u dedre to make an Indttratitn with ToughmJJe , and lefle 
Fragilitv ;A middle wav would be taken; Which is that which ArJJlatie 
hatii well noted ^ But would bee throughly verified . It is to decod Bodies 








J^turail Hi'sior) : 



SoUcary tou- 
ching the ^Cf - 


infvater, for two or three Jaycs j Burchey muii bcu fuch Frodies, into 
which the ^^r^/- will not enter j As Stone, .md Afttal! . For if rhcy be Bo- 
dies into which the Pf-ater will enter, then long Seething, will rather 
Soften than indurate them. As hath beene tried in Ei^es, &c. There- 
fore, Softer Bodies muft be put into Bottles j And the Bottles hung into 
Water feething, with the mouthes open, aboue the w/re-r 5 thatnof<^'4- 
termaygctin j For by thisMeanes, the vertuall ^^-j* of the pr4ter will 
enter j Andfuch a Heat, as will not make the Bodyaduft, or fragile 5 
ButtheSubftanceof the iVater will be (hufout. This EK}>eriment wee 
made j And it fortcdthus. It was tried with aPeecc of Bree [lone, and 
withforwr, put into the w'awy at large. The7rw-y?*« wee found recei- 
uedin fomcW^4/*r j For it was fbfter, andeafier to (crape, than a peece 
of the fame StoneVc^t dry. But the Pewter into which noWater could 
eater, became more white, and liker to Silucr, and lelle flexible, by 
much. There were alio put into an Earthen Bottle, placed as before, 
a good Pellet of C/47, a Peece of Cheefe, a Peece of Chdkt, and a Peece 
of Free-fione. The cUj came forth almoft of the HardnelTc of Sioik^ 
The cheefe likewife very hard, and not well to bee cut : ThcChalke and 
the Free-Jiofte much harder than they were. The colour of the cU]f in- 
clined not a whit to the Colour of Bricke, but rather to White, as in or- 
dinary Drying by the Sunne. Note , that all the fomicr Trialls were 
madcbyaBoylingvpon a good hot Fire, renewing the water cl^ itconfu- 1 
mcd, with other hoiwater . But the Boylingwas butfortweluehouresl 
onely ; Audit is like that the Experiment would haucbcene more cf- j 
fcdlualljif the Boyling hadbccncfor two or three dayes, as we prefcribed 

As touching jifimiUtien^ (for there is a degree of A^imtlation cuen in 
Inanimate Bodies) Wee fee examples of it in fomc Stones in cUy-greitrtds, 
lying neere to the top of the Earth, where P^^Wf is j In which you may 
manifeltly fecdiuers Pf^^/« gathered together, and a Crull of Cement 
or5;*<»^betwcenethem, ashardasthemA/r<themfeiues : And it were 
good to make a Triall of purpofe, by taking C/4^,and putting in it d>- 
ucrs Pebble-ftones^ thicke fet, to fee whether in continuance of timey'it 
will not be harder than other cUy of the fame lumpe, in which no Pebbles 
arcfet.WefeealfoinRuincsof oldWalls, efpeciallv towards thcBot- 
tome, the Merter will become as hard as the Bricke ; wee fee alfo, that 
the IVoodon the fides off^ejjels olivine, gathereth a Cruft of Tartar^ har- 
der than the }Vood\i felfe ; And Scales likcwiie grow to the Teeth, harder 
than the Teeth themfelues. 

Mod of all, Induration by A^imilation appeareth in the Bodies o^Treei 
und Lining Creatnrts: For no Nourifhment that the Tree receiucth,or that 
xht Lining Creature xQCcmtih.y is ^olmdnsWood, Bone ^or Home, Sec. but 
is InJnrAtednfttT by A^imiUtioit, 

THe eye of the vnderftanding, is like the eye of the Senfe : For as you ] 
may ice great Obiedsthorow fmall Crannies, orLeuclls ^ So you 1 



• Century, 1. 

may fee great Ax'iomeso^ Kature^ through fmalUnd Contemptible /*- 
fiinces. The Sfeedj Depredation of Aire \pon Watfy Moifturty and l^erjlon 
of the fame into Aire^ appeareth in nothing more vifiblc than in the liid- 
dcn Dilcharge^orvanifliingjOfalittle Cloudo^BreatbfixVipour from Ghffe 
or the Elide ofa Svoordpi any fuch PoUflied Body ; SiKh as doth not at all 
Dctainc, or Imbibe the Moiftitrc j For the Miftineffe icattercth and btca- 
kcth vp fuddenly .But the hke C.lottd^ if it were O-jlj^ or ?Mtj, will not ^\!i- 
chargc ; Not bccaufe it ftickcth faller j Butbccaufe -^/V^pj-eveth vpon 
WAUr J And F/dOTif, any F?V<f, vponO;/^ j And therefore, to take out a 
SpotofGrcafCjthcy vfeaCtfrf/^vpon browne Paper ; bccaufe f/r^ wor- 
kcth vpon GreafcjOr ^J^/f ,as Aire dotb vpon ffj/w. And we fee Paperoyted 
or PtWf/ oyled, or the like, lad long moill : but fVet with Water, dry, or pu- 
trifie fooncr. The Caulc is, for that Aife medlcth little with the Moijiure 

THcrc is an Admirable dcmoriftration, in the flime trifling Infiance 
of the Little cleudvpott GhjJlfixGemmes, or Blades o[SW(>rds,ohhe 
FsrcfoiFniif^y eoenin the lea(t Quantities, andweakeft Bodies, how 
much it conduccth to Prcfcruation of the preftnt Forme j And the Rcli- 
rtJng ofaNew.Formarke well the Difcharge of that C/W- And you fhall 
Iceitcucrbrcakevp, firft in the Skirts, and lad: in the mi ddc^- ft. Wee fee 
likcwifc, that much kvaier draweih forth the luyce of the Body Inf ufcd j 
But little water, is imbibed by the Body : And this is a Principall Caufe, 
wfiy in Operation vpon Btdies^ for their Kerfion ox Alteration ^ the Triall in 
great Quantities, doth not'anfwet the Triall in fmall , And fb deceiueth 
many j F jr that (I fay) the greater Body,rcfifteth more any Alteration of 
Forme, anJrcquireth fane greater Strength in the Adiue Body, that 
fhould fubdue it. 

f T TE hanc fpokeh before in the fifth Injlance^ of the Caufe of Orient : 
W^ Colour s^w B/V^JiWhich is by the Finenefle of the Strainer : vve will 
tiowendeilour to reduce the fame Axiorhe lOAWarke, For this Writing 
of our Siliij. Silusrum^ is ( to fpcake properly) not A''atHrai Hiftorj, but a 
high kindeof ivaturai Maoicke. For it is not a Dcfcription oiiclyof Na- 
ture, but a Breaking of Nature, into great arid (irange VVorkes. Try 
riicrcforc, the Anointing ouer of Pigeons , or otljer Eirds^ when they 
arc fcutin their downe \ Or o^lVhelpes, cutting their Haire as lliortas 
may bee -, Or of fomc other Bcart ^ With fomc oyntment, that is not hurt- j 
fuIltotheFlelTj ; And that will harden, andftickc veryclofe ^ And fee t 
whether itwrill not alter the Colours of the Feathers, or f^alre. It is re- 
cciucd, that the PuUih,^offy the f\t(k. Feathers o^Birdf^ cleane, will make 
the new come forth ;r/i';rf ; And it iscertaine, that nijite is a penurious 
Colour, and where Moifture is (canr. SoBUtpritlets, andbther Fldr^ers, 
i f they bee fbrued, turne Pale and H^'/?//^ ; tirds^ and/Z^^/i'ijby Agx^, or 
ScaTrcs,tur?icrr/;/V^ \ An: the fi bare f/dj res oi'fAL'w . contebv the^ne 
rcalbn. And therefore in Btrds^ itis vefy likely, that the Feather: that 
. ■ ^ ■ -— ._ -V • : .^:^ ,ir-— - come 


Solitary tou- 
chin;; the ftret 


Solitary tou- 
ching the Pn- 
itacin^ of Ff4- 
ihen end Haira 
[dm:ii Colours- 






Solitary tou- 
ching the V»«- 
n^mtni efu- 


touching S|W- 

ptthy and Anil- 




S^turall HiHor) : 

come fi rft, will bee many times of dmers Colours, according to the Na- 
ture of the 5 /V^ jFcrihatthe Skims morcpor'^us • But wheiiihe Skin 
is more fliut,and clofc, the Feathers will come l^'hite. Thisisa good Ex- 
pfrimeat^otonly for the producing of ^/rir.and Bea/ls of IlrJngeColours; 
butalfoforthe Difclofurc of the Nature of C^/p//rf thcmfelucs ^ which 
of them require a finer Porofity, and which a groffer. 

IT is a worke of Prouidence , that hath beenc truly obferued by Ibmc; 
That the Tclkeoithc £^r,conduceth little to (he Geaeradcv o(thQ Bird^ 
Butoncly to the Nemjbment of the fame : For if a Chicken bee opened, 
I when It is new hatched; you fliallfindc muchof the To/it* remaining.And 
it is ncedfull, that Birdsy that are fhaped without the Females Wombc ; 
haucin the %^^jas well'Matterof Nourifliment,as Matter of generation 
for the Body. For after the Egge is laid, and (cuered from'the Body of the / 
Hftti It hath no more Nourifhment from the Hen -^ but onely a quickning 
h'eat when fhe fitteth. But Beafts, and Men need not the matter of Nou- 
riilimcnt within ihcmfeluesjbecaufe they are lliaped within the Wombe 
of the Female, and are nourifhed continually from her Body. 


T is an Inueterate and recciued Opinion , that Cantharides applied 

ro any part of the Body, touch the Bladder^ and cxuicerate it, ifthev 
(lay on long. It is likewife Rcceiued, that a kinde of i"/ p»^, which they 
bring out of the Weft Indies ^ hath a peculiar force to moue Grauell, and 
to diflbluethe^/^ifff ; Info much, as laid but to the wreft, it hath (0 for- 
cibly font downe Grauell, as Men haue bee ne glad to remouc it j It was fo 

It is recciued and confirmed by daily Experience, that the Soales of 
xhcPeet hauc great Affinity with the Head^ and the Month o^xht Sto- 
maeke : As we fee, G«*g wet-/hod. to thofc that vfe itnor, jffc(5lcth both : 
Applications of ^^r P$wders to the F^f/ attenuate firft, and after Irv the 
Rheume : And therefore a /•^jr/rww, that would bee Myfticall, prcfcri- 
/ beth, for the Cure of the ^A^«mw*, that a Man fliouldwalkcContiniial- 
[ ly vpon a Caatomill AUtf j Meaning that hee fhould put C*momiU within 
hisSockes. Likewifo Pigeons Bleedings applied to the i'w/irf of the F^«, 
eafethe^M<s^ . And Sopoyiferous Medicines applied vnto them, prouokc 

It(eemeth,thata#the F^r/hauea Sympathy with the Hesd '^ S»the 
irrejis and H*>]dst hauea Sympathy with the Heart • We fee the AiFc(as 
and Paflions of the Hearty and Spirit r^ are notably dilclofcd bwthe Pul/e ; 
And it is often tried, that luyces of- Stock Gilli-ftowers, Rofe Campisa^ 
Garlkke^ and other things • applyed to the ivrefts, and renewed ; h iiic cu- 
red long Agues, '^.nd I conceiue^ that wafhing with certaine Liqnors, the 
Pdmes of the Handst doth much good : And they doe well in Heats of ^- 
gues, to hold in the Hands E^ges ofAkbUfier, and Bds oiCrjftaU. ■ * 

Ofthefe things ive fhAHjpeake mere^whem ve htnd/e the Tit le ^/Sympathy 
4/7^ Antipathy, i»tbepr»f<r PUte, 


Century, i 


4an (hitherto) harh Ixvne d.^rermincd by the I Ei^p^'n^-nt 

V • t ■ -1 I 1 • /• o /■ 1 iohinrytou- 

: w'.wtloL'Ucr is iiiui IioIl', cirncnn reipca of the ciuna riic 

, The Knowledge of Man 
I Viev\' J or S i j^h 1 5 So that 

■ Fi»(aejj'rfif the Body itkU'c-y Oilh^SmdneJJc of the Parts ; Or of the i"*^- 
tiltyof (he Motion ^ is little inquired. Ami yet thefe bee the Things that , 
Gotiernc Nature principally -, And without which, you cannot make 
any true Analyfts and Indication of the Proceedings of Nature. The Spi- 
\riis or Prteumaticds, that are in all TAtgMe Bodies, areicarcc knownc. 
i Sometimes they take them for rjf«»«»i\vhereasthcy are the molt Adiiie 
lot Bodies. Sometimes thev take them for v^/r^ , From which thcydit- 
'■ fcrcxcecdingly, as much as Wine from Water ; And as Woovl from 
; Earth. Sometimes rhey will hauc them to bee NaturtU Heat^ or a Portion 
1 of the Element of Fire ^ \\ hcreas fome of them arc Crude and Cold. And 
] Ibmetinics they will haue tliem to bee the Vertues and Qualities of the 
' Ttu^tble Parts, which thev fee ; whereas they are Things by themfeliies, 
] And then, when they come to Plants and lining Crcatures_, they call 
! them Soutes. And fuch Supcrficiall S|->eculations they haue , Like Pro- 
[pc>ftiucs, thatlliew things inward, when they are but Paintings. Nci- 
: rber is this a cViicftion of Words, but infinitely materiall in Nttare. 
J For S/i) its arenofhing ellcbuta JNtturdlHody^ rarificdto a Proportion^ 
Nandinclnd>.d inihc TangiUe Psrtsof Bodies, as in 'an Integument. And 
j tbeybcnoleire ilitfering one from the other, than the Denfeox Tangible 
' Parts : And they are in all Tangible Bodies whatfoeucr, more or Icfle j And 
I theyarcncuer(almoll)atTeft : And from them, and their ^^/ww, prin- 
cipally proceed v^r^/jfifio/i^ Ctf///i^«-irw», CoptoFHon, Afaturation, Pntrefa- 
I «?/(?», ryW^Cjr/tfw, and moft of thcEtfcdsofiVowrtf : For, aswee haue fi- 
gured them in owx SafientidVettrnm^ in the Pahleoi Ptoferpina, you (liall 
m the Infcrnall Regiment hearc little Doings of Pluto ^ but molt of Pfo- 
ferpina : For Tangible Psrts in BoJiet are Stupide things j And the Spirits, 
doe (in elfcA) all. As for the differences of Tangible Parts in Bod/es, the 
indulhy of the chjmijis hath giucn fome light, in difceming by their 
Separarions , the Oyly, Cmde, Pure, Impure, Fine.GroJfe Psrts of B*^/f /,and 
the like. And the Phyfttiins are content to acknowledge, that Herbs ^ 
and Dra^x haue diuets Parts ^ As that O^inm hath a Stupefaiftiue Part, 
and a Heatin.i; Part ; The one nvuiing Slccpc, the other a Sweat fol- 
lowing . And that Ruiftrb h.uh Purging Parts, and Aftringcnt Parts, &:c. 
But this whole Irr/jitijitioa is weakly and Negligently handled. And tor 
the more fubtiil ditferenccs of the Minute Parts, and the Pollute o[' them 
in the Body , (which alio hath great EffeAs) they arc n :>t at all touchi d : 
Ail'otthx: Afotiortsoi' the 'Vinitte Parts of Bodies, which chc focivat Ef- 
feds, thev haue notbeenc obferued at all, b::canfc thevar'.i Inirifible, 
andincurren 'trorhcEvc -, but yet they aretobce deprehendedbyEx- 
perieiKc : As Democritui faid well, tvheii they ( hargcd him to hold, that 
the XN'orld was made of fuch little Moats, as were feene in the Sunne ; 
yitomus ( (ciich he) necefsitate Rationi( ^ F.xperientix e(je conmncitur : Aia 
mnm enim nemo -vo/juam 'vtdit. And therefore the rnmult in the Parts 
of Solid Bodies, when thev arc comprelFed, which isthe Caufeof all 

!>(crtt PnctJPa 
»f Nature. 




^acurall Hijiorj: 

Solitary tou- 
ching rtic 



Plight of Bodies thorow the A ire, and of other Mechankatl Mothm, (as | 
iiath bcenc partly touched before , and Oial! bee tliroughjy h.indledin '< 
due place) is not fecne at all. Butneuerthelene j ifyouknovvitnot, or| 
enquire it not attentiucly anddiligcntly, you lliall ncuer bee able todif-' 
cerne, and much lefleto produce li'Humheioi A<fechdnicaflMttions. A- 
gaiinc,as to the Motions Ctfr^orrftf, within the Enclofiircsof Bodies,\vherc- 
by the Effects ^ which were mentioned before)paflc bctwccne the Spirits^ 
and the Tangible Parts ^ (which are, ylrefatlioni Co^itquation, CottcoBion^ 
Mdtitration.^c.) they are notat all handled. But they are put off by the 
Names of rertues, and Natures^ and ABions, and F^jffns, and iuch other 
LogicalL Words. 

IT is cerraine, xh9Ltoi SiWPowers'mT^ture, Heath thechiefe ; both in 
the Frame o( Nature, and in the workcs oiArt. Cerraine it is iikewife, 
that the Etfc(^s of Heat, are moft aduanced, when it workcth vpona Bo- 
dy, without lolle or diilipation of the Matter j for that euer betraycth 
the Account. And therefore it is true, that the power of Heat isbeft 
perceiued in P/////rf^«»/, which are performed in clofe Veflells, and Re- 
ceptacles. But yet there is a higher Degree ; For howfoeucr DtJlilLati- 
( o»s doe kccpe theBody in Cels, and Cloilkrs, without Going abroad; 
yet they giuefpace vnto Bodies roturne into Vapour ; Toreturne into 
Liquor • and to Seperate one part from another. So as Nature doth 
Expatiate, although it hath not full Liberty whereby the true and VI- 
time Operations of Heat arc not attained. But if Bodies may bee altered | 
by Heat, and yet nofueh Reciprocation c!i RarefaBion, diKv^^i €oniei$fA- 
tm,zvA<d{ Separation, admitted j then it is like that this Pr^/f/w of yJ/j/- 
/fr,' being held by the Sleeues, will turneandchange into many Meta- 
morphofes. Take therefore a Square Veffello^ Jron^ in forme of aC^ube, 
and let it haue good thicke and ftrong Sides-. Put into it a Cube of 
Wood, that may fill it as dole as may be ; And let it haue a Couer of Iron, 
as ftrong (at leaft)as the Sides \ And let it bee well Luted, after the man- 
I nerof the Chymifts, Then place the Veffell withia huxm\gCoales, kept 
quicke kindled, forlbme few hourcs fpace. Then take there/fell from 
the Fire, and take off the Couer, and fee what is become of the IVsoJ. I 
concciue that fincc s.\\ Inflammattony And EuaporAtian arcvtterly prohibi- 
ted, and the ^<?^?ftill turned vpon itfelfe, thatoneof thefetwo etlfcds 
will follow; Either thit the .5tf<i^ of thef^Wwillbec turned into akinde 
o£ Amakgma, {nsth& chymiftscaXUt -, ) Or that the Finer Part will bee 
turned into v4w, andtheGroflcrftickeas itwe^ baked, andincruftatc 
vpon the Sides of theT^// j bemg become piPa Denfer Matter, than the 
Wood'it{c\k^ Crude. And for another Triall, take alfo «'<i/*r, and put 
it in the like Veffell, ftoppcd as before^But vie a gentler Heat, and rcmoue 
the VefTellfometimcs from the Fire j Andagaine, after fomefmall time 
when it is Cbld, renue the Heating oBt : And repeat this Alteratiou fome 
few times • And if yoiw:an once bring to patlc, that the ^^-if^r, which is j 
one of the Simpleft of Bodies, bee changed in Colour, Odour, or Tafte [ 


Ccntiirj I. 


afterthe manner ofCompound Bptlics^ yoiimav bccfurc rhac there isa) 
great Workc wrought in Nature, an<ia notable Entrance made intbi 
ihangc Changes ot Bodies, and produv^lioris : And alfoa \\ ay made to 
tloc that by Fire, in fmall tunc, which the Siio and Agedoe in lon*:^ tfme. 
liutofthe Admirable Effeds of this Dipilati»» m (lofe^ (forfo wee will 
call it) which is like the Wombs znd ^/<i/r/Vr;oniuingcri.atures, where 
nothing Expireth,nor Scparatethj We will fpea'^e H)l!y,in the due place* 
Not that we Aimcat the making oiPAuctifm Pigmej's • Oranv fuch Pro- 
digious Follies; But that we know the Etfcvlls oi'/-/eat will be ruch,as will 
fcarcc fallvnder the Conceit of Man j If the forceof itbee altcgcther 
kept in. 

THfcre is nothing more Ccrtainc in Nature, than that it isimpofTiblc 
for any Hfdy, tube vtterly AnmhiUted'^ But that^ as it was the worke 
of the 0;nnipotency ot God, to make Stmewhat of Mihiog j So it rcoui- 
rcrh the like Omnipotcncy, toturne Stmevhat [uto Nathmg. And there- 
fore it is well faid, by an Obfcure Writer of the SeH of the chjmtjit ; 
Thatth^reisnofuchwaytoeffed: the Strange Trsfjmmtitiemok Bpdtes 
astocndcvourand vrgcbyall meanes, thcAW*f«eofthenuo Ncthing. 
And herein is contained alfo a great Secret of Prcfcruarion of Bodies 
from Chan^ , For if you can prohibite,that they neither turnc into ^ire 
bccaufcno Aire comiwtxh to them ; Norgoe into the B0d$es Adiacent 
becaufe they are vtrcrly Hctcrogeneall ^ Nor make a R0ttnd and Circi$- 
UtiM within themfclues • they will ncuer Change, th.aighthev bee in 
their Nature ncuct fo Pcrifliablc, or Mutable. Wee fee, howF//W and 
Sffiders^ and the like, gctaSepalcher iaytmhfr, more Durable, than the 
Af00Mmei$tj and EmbAlmingoi the R»dy of any King. And I conceiuc the 
like willbc oi Bodies put 'mQQMick-/Uner.Bui then they nuift be but thin- 
As a le.ifc,oraPeeceof Paper, or Parchment ^ Forifth.t^-hauea 
greiter Craditudc, they will alter in their o w ne Bo- 
dy, though they fpedd not. Bur of thi<: 
we iTiall fpeake more, when 
wc handle the r/f/tf of 



Solitiry, tcu- 
(hing thelM- 





II. Century. 

V s I c K in the Pra6lice, hath beenc 
well purliicd ', And in good Variety ; 
But in the Theorj^av^^i cfpccially in the 
Telding of the Caufes of the Tratlique^ 
very weakly •, Being reduced in:o cer- 
taine Myfticall Subtilticsj of no vfc, 
and nor much Truth. Wee (hall there- 
fore after our m.tnicr, ioync the 
Contemplatiuc^ and- Aftiuc^ Paru 

A\\Soartdi,2scc\A-\cxMitftcalisoit»dsyVf\nc\\ wtcaWTonei • Where- 
untorhtTemaybcan^j;-wff»7^ yihxch. StMds are cuerEtjuaU 5 As Sim^- 
/»i^,the Sounds of Stringedydndivind-InftrumentSy the Ringing of Dels, &c, 
0\: ImmuJiatH Ssunds - which are cucrr»^^«.i// • Siiclias ArQtbcF'e/cem 
SpCiking^ AWfihifpemgs^ MVoices efBeaftsand Birds, ^i xceptthey bee 1 
Sinking Btrds ; ) all Percuf^Uns, 0*1 Stones, irtsd. Parchment, Skms, (Asin 
Drams - ) .'nd infinite others. 

The Sou»dsthat produce Toms, are cuer fronifuch Bodies^ as arc in \ 

their Parts and Pores %«<i// ; As well as the Sounds thcmfclues are E- 

quali ; And fuch as are the Percujjionr oiMettall, as in Bels • Q^GUffe, as in 

, thcFillippingof'a Drinking Glaffe-^ Oi Aire^ A'i'm Mens voices whileft they 

I Sing, v.: P'j'es.Whiftles, Organs, Stingedinfirumentf, Sec. Andoi iVater : 

as in the Nighc/ngale-pipes o{ Regalls, or Organs, and other Hydrtulicke^ \ 

^ > which 

in cuniort 
touching JW«- 







^' aLura II Hiji crj • 


which the Ancients hr,d, and Nero did fo much eftecme, owe are now loft. | 
Andif a.iv Manthinke, rhatthc^f/rwijofthc i^cJW, ai,dthc'6"/;-/Re^^fhc; 
^'^//j are neither of them E quail DoUU s j And yet produce T&nes ^ he is in 
an err our. For the Sound is not created betvveene the Bow or PlcByuTn, ap.d 
the String . but betwecnc the Striag and the Aire ; No more than it isbe- 
tweenc rile F/»g^r or Qjiilly andthe5/r/wi^, inoxhex in^rttments. So there' 
are ()n elfcc?: ) but three Percu (j^ons that create Tones ^ Pocitjjions ofMetalls 
(comprehending G/<»^f, and the hke •.) PercHJjiom o^Aire-^ and Percuposs 

The Didpa/oti or Eight in Mttficke is the fvveeteft Concord-^ Infomuchjas 
it is in elfe6t an fw/i'w ^ As wee fee in Z.«/«, that are Itrungin thcB.ifc 
5r/-//^j with two firings, one an fi/gJE;faboue another j Which make but 
as one sound. And euery Eighth Note in Afcent (as from Eight to Piftee/ie^ 
from Fifteens to rwwt^ rwtf, and fo in infiaitum,) are but ^f 4/f j ofDiapafon. 
rher4«/^isdarke, and hath not beenc rendtcd by any ^ And therefore 
waild be better contemplated. It feemeth that Aire^ (which is the Sub- 
iecl oi Sounds) in Sounds that are not 7l9»«(which are all ■vaequaU^zs hath 
beenc faid)admitteth much Variety j As wee fee in the Votcesc.'t Lining 
Creatures-^ And likewife in the P^eices of feuerall Men ^(for we are cap^able 
to difccrne feuerall Men by their Voices and in the Coniugatroa of Letters-^ 
whence ArticuUte Sounds proceed j Which of all others are m ol^ various . 
But in the Sounds which we call Tones^ (that are ever E quail) the Aire is 
notable to call it felfc into any fuch variety 3 But is forced to tecurre into 
one andthe fame Pollurcor Figure, onelv differing in GreamciTc and! 
Smaineffe. So we fee Figures may be made of lines ^Crooked and Strcighr 
in infinite Vaiicty, where there is Inecjuality j But Circles, or Squares, or 
Triangles EquiUterall (which are all Figures, of equall lines) can (iiffcr but 
in Greater, or Lefler. 

It is to bee noted (the rather left any Man lliouldrhinke, tliat there is 
any thing in this number of Eighty to create the DtAp&fon) that this Com- 
putation oHEi^ht, is a thing rather receiued, th jn any true Computation. 
Foratrue Computation oughteuer to bee, by Diflriburion intoequall 
Portions. Now there beeintcruenientinthei^/y<r o/£/)//7r (iwTones) two 
Beemolls.orffalje notes • Soasif you diuidctheT^ww equally, the £(2;^/ 
is but feuen whole and equall Notes ; And if vou fubdiuide that into Hal/e 
No(fs(As it is in the Stops of a Lute) it ni^kcth the Namhtr of Thirfene. 

Yetthisistrue • ThatJn the ordinary Hifesand Falkof xh^ Voice of 
A/4» (not meafuring the Tonehy whole Notes^ andhaife Notes, which 
is the Equall Meafurc ;) there fall out to bee two Beemols (as hath beene 
faid) bctwcenc theVnifonxad the Diapdfoa : An.! th's Varying is n.mirall. 
For ifa Man would cncteuour toraifeorfall h[% Voice, itillbv Hdfe-notes^ 
like the Stops of a Lute j or bv whole A'i?*^ jalone,without Hdfes ■ as farre 
as an Ei^jnt ; he will not be able to frame bis Voice vnto it. Which fhewerh 
that after euery three whole Notes Nature requireth, for all Harmonicall 
V fe , one Half e- Note to be interpofed. 

» It is 10 bee coniidered , that whatfoeuet Vertue is- in Nurrbirs^ forj 

C (inducing 

Ccnturj. 1 i. 


Conducino; to Content of AWfi, is becafcribed x:oz\v-:Ante 
Kttmhert tbau to the Entiye Numiei' j As iiiimcly, that the Sound rctnr 
ncth after J/Xj orafrcr Twelfte^ So that cbc Seuemh^ or the Th^meath^ i, 
nor the Matter, butthe5/xr^,ortheT'wf//r/? 3 f^v.dihc Seae^th d:\d the,' 
Thirteenth are b'Jt the hmits and Boundaries ol the retumt. j 

The Concords m C^njicke which arc PerfeH, or Semiper/e^ , bctweeue 1 
the r»r/tf», and the Diapafon, arc the F'/ih^ which is the ino'i Pur/etl j chc ' 
Third next ; and the 5/.v//? .which ismyreharfli : And as the Ancients 
cftecmedj andfb docmv felfe and CoiWc Orlier \\'r, thcF^«"/^ which 
tlieycall Diateffarcn.As for the the TenihyTvel/th,Thirieenth,Av.d Co /u infi- 
nitum ; they be but Recurrences of the Former ; viz. of the Thtrd^ the Fifths 
and the Sixth -^ being an Eigiot refpcdinely from them. 

For Di/corJs, the Second, and the Seuenth^ are of all others the nioft 
odious, in Harmony^ to the Sev/e -^ whercot the One is next abone the 
rnijon^ the Other next ynder the /5/4^,j/tf« : which may flicw., that Z/^/-- 
^ony requircth a competent di(tance of I^otes. 

Inf/armony, ihhcivbeenntaDifcordto rheBafe^ itdorh notdifhirbc 
the f/A'menVy thouf^h there bee a Difcord to the Htoher Parts • So the DiJ- 
cord bee not of the Two that arc Odious ; And therefore the ordinary Cen- 
feni ofFou-e Part conCifteth ofan Ei^ht^ a Fi/ihy and a Thirdto the £.}fe : 
But Fifthisa Fourth to the Treble, and the Thirdis aSix:h. And the 
Cati/eii, f )r that the Safe ftriking more Aire, dorh onercome and drownc 
the Treke, (vnlcffe the Difcord bee very Odious ; ) And (o hideth a finiall 
Impc r.ein:ion. For we fee, that in one of th6 Lower firinps oCa Lute^ there 
foundcth not the Sound of the T?-?^/^, i\oi a.ny Mixt Sound ^ butoneivthe 
Sound o{ the Baje. '. .».)r' 

W'cehaucno^/w/'^/t/o^^'"'''^'-'^'"''' ; Anditmaybee, thevarenot 
capable oC Harmony • For wee fee the Halfe-Notes themfeiues tl(X' but in- 
terpofe fomctimcs. Neucrthelcffe we haue fome Slides^ or Relifjj's, of the 
Voice, Of Strings, as it were continued without A'^/f/j from one Tone to 
another, rillns or falh'na;, which are deHffhtfuJI. I 

The Caufes of that wliich is Pleafing, or Ingrate to the Hraring^ niav ' 
rcceiue light by that, which is P/m^»^ or lai^rateto the Sight. Therebee 
two Things Pleafng to the Sight, {[emin^ Pi Rures, and Shapes alidc^ 
which are but Secondary Obicifts 5 Andplcafe ordifpleafe but in Me- 
mory ; ) t'icfe twoare,r<»/Mr/,and Order. The Pleafing oC Colour fvmboli- 
zeth with the P leafing of anv Single Tone to the Eare j liut the Pleafing of 
Order doth iymbolize with Hai many . And thcrefofo' wee fee in G.irdeti- < 
knots, XAdthe Frets of Hou/es, and all equalland well anfwcfing Figtirety\\ 
(isGlcl>es,Pjrjmides,Confs, Cylinders^ ^c.) h^wthcvpleafe ; whereas i 
•v.vfijuaH f/o«;YjavcbutDcfomiities. And both thefe Piejfuve.'^ihciiof I 
the Eye, and that of the Eare, are but the EtTe^fls oCEtjudHtf : Qoed Propof-' ] 
lion, or Correfpendence : So thit (out o^Quffi/on,) Eqtt.tlity.AudCorrelpon- 
dence, arc the CaufeioC Harmony , Butfofindethe /'f<'p^//(7»of thatT^'r- 1 
r/'j^*»^f»f^, ismorcabftriife , whereofnorwithftanding wee dial Ifpeake 
fomcwhat, ( w hen we handle Tones, ) in the generall Enquiry oCsimitd'. 









r 12 



3^aturall Hijion : 

Tones ard hot fo apt alrogcthcr to proci;rc SUepe, as (bmc other Sound<-^ 
As the Winde^ the Purling e{ pp'ater. Humming ej Bees, a Svcsct roice of one 
thatreadcth, &rc. VmCAufe whereof is, forthatT^ow.bccaiifethcvare 
Equal;, and Aide not, doe more ftrike and cred the Senfc,than the other. 
And Oucr-much Attention hindereth i/f*/';. 

There bee in MufickcccnainG Figures yOv Trcpes j ahnoft agreeing with 
the F/^»r« ofRhetmcke j And with the AffecHoosoithitMinde^ ando- 
ih&Senfes. Firll, the Ditti/ion ani^tsteriftg, which pleafcfb much in 
Muficke, haue an Agreement with the Clitterinz oiLi^ht j As the Maone- 
^riwfi playing ypon a Waue. Againe, xheFallmg from a Difcord to a 
(uncord, which maketh great Sweetnefle in Mnficke^ hath an Agreement 
with Affefliom^ which are reintigrated to the better, after fome dif- 
likcs. ; itagreethalfowith theTaJle, which is foone glutted with that 
which is fwect alone.The Sltdiug/rom the Clofe or Cadeece, hath an Agree- 
ment with the Fig»re in Rhetoricke, which they call Preter ExpeBaum-^ 
For there is a Pleafure euen in Beii^ deceiued. The Reports and Puges^ haue 
an Agreement with the Figures in Rhettricke, oi Repetition, atd TriduBion'. 
The TripU's, and ChMgiog »/ Times, haue an Agreement with the chan- 
ges of Motions i As when GaUtard Tinte,and Meafure T/wf .are in the Med- 
ley, ofore Dunce. 

Ithathbecne anciently held, andobferued, that the Senfe of Hearings 
and the Kindes ofMnJicke, haue moll Operation vpon Manners j As to 
IncourageMen, and make themWarlUce ; To make them Soft and Ef- 
feminate ; To make them Graue ^ To make them Light ; To make them 
Genfle and inclined to Pity, &c. The Caufe is, for that the Senfeof 
Hearing ftriketh the Spirits more immediately, than the othoxSenfes-^ And 
moreincorporeally thanthe6'wf//^«g : Voxiht Sight.'jTAfie, and Feeling, 
haue their Organs, not of fo prefcnt and immediate Accefle to the Spi- 
rits, as the ^Mr;»g hath. And as for the Smelling, (which indeed wor- 
kethalfo immediatiyvpon the Spirits^ and is forcible while the Obied 
remaineth,) it is with a Communication of the Breath, or Vapour of 
the Ol;ieB Odorate : But Harmony entring cafily, and Mingling not at 
all, and Comming with a Manifcft Motion i doth by Cuftome of often 
Affecting the 5^/>/>j, and Putting them into one kindeof Poilure, alter 
not a little the Nature of the Sprits, euen when the Obied is remoued. 
And therefore wee fee, that Tunes and Aires, euen in their owne Nature, 
haue in themfelucs fomc Affinity with the JffeBions j As there bee Mer- 
ry Tunes, Doleftill Tunes, Solemne Tunes • Tunes inclining Mens Mindes to 
Pity ; Warlike Tunes ; &c. Soasit isnoMaruell, if they alter the 5yp;- 
rits^ Confidering thatT*»«haue aPredifpofition to the Motiono^ the 
Spirits in themfelues. But yet it hath beene noted, that though this va- 
riety of 77»»«, doth difpofe the ^^»Ww to variety of PaCfions, conforme 
vnto them j yet generally, Muficke feedeth that difpofition of the Spirits 
which it findeth. Wee fee alfo that feuerall Aires, and Tunes,, doe plcafc 
feucrall Nations, and f^i|/(»»/, according to the Sympathy they haue with 
thek Spirits. 


la Conforc, 
touching I 

S$undi;and firfl I 
teaching ihe 
VnUujand in-\ 


Ceniurj* !• I ^9 

P/^^^/«tfharhbccnc with lomc diligence inquired j And 
(o huh the feature of Sounds, infomciort, as tarrc asconccr- 
ncth MuJicke.Bac the Nature of Sounds in ^cQcrAlly l^aihbccnc 
(upcrficially oWcrucd. Ic is one of tlicfubullcft Pccccsot Na- 
ture. AndbeAdc^, I pradife, asldoeaduife ; which is, after 
long Inc^uiry of Things, Immcrrfcin Matter, to intcrpofcfome 
I Subicdl, which is Immatcriatc,or IclTc Maicriate ; Such as this 
' ofSouttds^To the endjthat the InuM may be Rc(^ificd,an j be- 
, come not Partiall. 

I It is firfttobceconfidered, what Grtat Mttmm there are in Nature, 
j which pafle without StimJi, or A'w/r. The Httnems tiirnc about, in a 
' mott rapidc Motion, without AVi/r to vj percciucd j Though in fomc 
J Dr/4»« they haiicbccne faid to make an excellent UM«yif*r Sothe^- 
I thus of the CcmetSy and Fierj Mitem {A^Stel/4 Cddms, &c.) yccldno 
\M*if«. And if it bee thought, thatitisthc GreatncfTcof diltancefrom 
; vs, whereby the 6>*»^cannoi bee heard i Wee (ce that Z-<;^i^/»/»^i, and 
j C«ruftitie»s^ which arc necic at hand, yceld t\<iS»und neither. And yet 
■ in ailthefc, there is a Percuflion and Diuifion of the Aire. The ifinds 
I in the yfiper Region (which moue i\\cCl0»is aboue (which wee call the 
j R*tke) and are not perceiued below) paflc without Ntife. The Ltwer 
wiuds inaplainc, exoeptdievbceftrong, nukcno A^(«j/>; Butamongrt 
Treses, the A>ry* of fuch WMi» will bee perceiued. And thcw/W/ (ge- 
nerally) when they make a iVw/i, doceucr make it vneiuialjv, Rifing 
and Falling, and fometimes (when they are vehement) Trembling at' 
the Height of their Blaft. RAiwe, or Htule falling, (though vehemently,) 
yccldeth no Neife^ in palTmg thorow the Aire , till it fall vpon the 
Ground, Water, Houlcs, or the like. tyMSerim Riuer (though a fwifc 
Streame) is not heard in the Channel!, but runneth in S ilence, if it bee 
ofanydepthj But the very 5*rr4iiw vpon i'^4fl«r«, ofGrauell, or Peb- 
ble, will bee heard. , And w«/rr/, when they beat vpan the Shot<?, or are 
ftraitned, (as in the falls of Bridges j ) Or are dartied againft them- 
felucs by/K/Wi, giue a Roaring AV//<r. Anypeece ef Tinker, or HArd Be- 
dity being thruft torwardsby another Body Contiguous, without knoc- 
king, giueth no Neife. And ib Bodies in weighing, one vpon another, 
though the vfper Bedy prefle the Lever Bedf dovviie, nuke no Ne/fe. Sj 
the A fetien in the A f itrnte Pert so^ At\y S elide Bedj, (which is thcPrinci* ' 
pall Caufc of yieleet Mttien^ thougn vnobferutd ; ) paflcth without | 
Seimd J For xhMScund, that is heard (omctimcs, is produced onely by j 
the Breaking of the 4itt • And not by the Impulllonof the Parts. So it [ 
ismanifcft • Thatwhcre the Anteriour Body giueth way, as fad as thd 
Poftcriourcomnieth on, icjnakcth no Nei/i ; be the Afetiem neucr fo greac 

jdlte epen, and at t4rf *, makeih no Tieife, except it bee fhaiply per- i 1 6 
cu(rcd J As in the Senwddi a String, where Airt is pcrcuffcd by a hard, 
I _ ■ and 

^^(^turaii HiUory : 






and UilfeBody j Andwithal'harpcloofcj Fur if the i>tringbcenot Ihai- 
ncd^ icmaketh noNfiife. But where the -r4;>r « /"f »/jandlif aimed , there 
Breath or other Blowing, (which carry but a gentle PerculTlun) lulfice 
to create .^Mjr^ j As in Pipes , m^ mndlnftt^meh'ts. But then you 
muft notCjthat in Rectriirs, which goe With a gentle Breath, the Concaue 
of the Fi/Vj were it not for the f ^///e, that ftraitncth the Aire (much more 
than the ^/«i//tfC#»f4*^^) Would yeeld no 5*»««i. For as for other w^W- 
/»/?rtfjw#/j, they require a forcible Breath J h^Trimftti^ Ctrscts, hint" 
tcrsHtrnti^ ^. Which appcareth by the blownechcekesof himthat 
windeththcm. O;^<i»jalfoarc blownewith aftrongwinde, bytheBel- 
Iowes. And note agaiiie , that fomc kinde of m»d-Infintmenis , are 
blowne at a fmall Hole in the fide, which ftraitneth the Breath at the firrt 
Entrance j The rather in refpcft of their TrAuer/e^ and Stop aboue the 
Hokj which perfortttcth the F*]>p/« Part •, As it is feenein Flatei, and 
PiftSy which Will not glue i"**)* J, byaBJaftat the end, as Recerders^^c, 
doe*. LikcwifeinallffA//?/iiig, youconttaft the Mouth • And to make 
it more fharj^Cj Men fometimes vfe their Finger. But mOpem Aite^ if you 
dirowaStonCjOraDartj they giue no Sound : No more doe Z?*^^//, exr 
cept they happen to bee a little hollowed in the Cafting ; Which Hol- 
lownefle pcnncth the ^»r^ •• Nor yet ^ywwWj except they be ruffled in 
their Feathers, which likewife pcnneththe Aire. As for Small H'hift Us ^ 
or Shepherds Oaten Pipes • they giue a Stand, bccaufe of their extreme 
Slendcrnefle, whereby the .Aire is more pent, than in a Wider Pipe. 
Againe , the Feiees o( Me0^ and Liuing Creatures , paflc thorow the 
throat, which penneth the Breath. As for the Jewes Harfe, it is a fharpe 
PerculTion ^ Andbefides, hath the vantage of penning the ^irein the 

SfiUde Bodies, if they be very feftly pefcitffed, giue no Sound 5 As when a 
man treadcth very fbftly vpon Modrds.So C hefts or D seres in fairc weather, 
when they open cafily,giue no5#i»W. And Cdrt-wbeetes fcjucakc not when 
they arc liquored. 

The FUmeofT^ers^OT Cdmdles, though it be a fwift Motion, and brea- 
keth the ^ire, yet paflc th without Sonmd, Airein <?«fOf, though (no doubt) 
it doth (as it were) boyle, and dilate it fclfe, and is reperculfcd • yet it is 
without Noife. 

FbmepercuffedbjAire, gmhha Noife ^ As in Blowing of the Fire by 
Bellowes \ Greater, than if the Bellowcs fliould blow vpon the Aire it 
felfe. And fo likewife Flame pereujfimg the Aire firtr^glj, (aswhenFJame 
fuddcnly taketh, and opcneth,) giucth a Noife ^ So, Great Flames, whiles 
the one impelk th the other, giue a bcl lowing Sound. 

There is a Conceit runneth abroad, that there iliould beea whit<^ 
Pnfder, which will difcharge a Peecc without A^*^/*?; which is a dange- 
rous Experiment, if it fhould bee true : For it may caufe fecret Murthcrs . 
Butitfccmethtomce vnpofliblc i For, ihhe Aire peat, bee driucn forth 
and llrike the Airecfett, itwillccrtainclymake a Ntife. As for t\xtWhite 
fwir(ifanyruch thing bee, that may extinguirti, ordead the Notfe,) 


Ccutti)'}', 1 L 



it is like to be a Mhturcoi' Petre, and "^'ulphur, without Cfi^tc. luxfeirg 
<i!uuc willnottake Pirc. Andiunymanthinke, thacthc Soundnuv bte 
cxtu'.guiilitd, ordeaded,by difdurtj^ingthe Fen: Aire, before ic com 
mcchrotlie Maatho'tihc Ptece, and co the Open Aire j Thacis not pro- 
bable J For it will make more diuidcd 5(?«»</f .• As if you Hiould make a 
Croffe Barrcll hollow, thorow the Barrell of a Pccce^ it mav be, it would 
giiicfcucrall Sounds, both at the Nofc, and at fhcjKies.Butl coiKciue, 
thatifitwerej-iolfiblej tobringtopaffe, that there lliould beano Ai/c^ 
pent at the Mouth of the Pcece, the Bullet might l^ivc with final 1, or no 
Noife. Forfirli iris certaine, there is no Noi/e in the PerculTion oi the 
FUme vponthe ruilet. Next the if^/ifV/c, in piercing thorow the ^/r^, ma- 
kethnoA'o//<r j Asharhbccnefaid. And then, if there be no /'<?»/ yi//"C_/ 
that (trikerhvpoii Open Aire, there is no Caufe of iWf/<r . And vet the 
Flying of the «/»//« will not be ftayed. For that Motion (asharhbccnc 
ofcfjid)isinthcPartsofthe^«//rt, andnotin the Aire. Soasrriallmuft 
be made by taking fome fmall Concane otMetall, no more than you mcane 
to fill wirh powder ; Aad laying the Bullet in the Mouth of it, halfc out 
into the 0/><f«^/;^. 

Ihcavdit affirmed by a Man, that was a great Dealer in Secrets, but 
he was bur vainc 5 That there was a Ctnfpii-icj (which himfclfc hindred,) 
rb haiK- killed Queene M^rj^SWYcx to ^eene Eliz,ibethhy a Baymac glafje, 
when llie walked in Saint lames Parke, from the Leads of the Houfe. But 
thus nuich(no doubr)is true j That i^Buruing-GlaJJei could be brought to 
agreatihength, (as they talke generally of ^«r»/»^-G/<//«j that arcable 
to burne a Nauj.) the P^/v*J/iff»of the AireaXonc^ by fuch a Stti-ningoUffe^ 
would make no A'<?//<f ; No more than is found in CVr«/^4//>w, and 21 />/?/- 
mngs , without Thunders, 

Ifuppofe, that ImprefjioH o( the Aire with sounds, asketbattmetobe 
conueighcd to the Senfe ^ "As well as the Imprejjifi» of Species ■vifil'le : Or 
elfe they \vi 1 1 not be heard. And therefore as the Bullet momh ib (yptft^ I 
that it is Imifible ; So the fame Swiftneffe of Motion maketh it Imudible ' 
For wee fee, that the Apprehenfionot the Ej/e, is quicker than that of the '\ 

AMEruptiont of Aire, though fmall and (light-, giuean Entity of Sound -^ 
whichwce call Cracklings pufit^. Spitting, &c. As in Bay fait, and Bty- 
lemes, caft into the Fire ; So in Chefnuts, when they leape forrhof the 
Aflies ; So inOreene rrood, laid vpon the Fire, efpecially Roots, So in Can ■ 
^/(T; that Ipit Flame, ifrhcybccwct;Soin/:!-?y^/»fl', .?»^<'2./«^,&:c. Soina ■ 
Hofe Lcj/e gathered together into the tafliion of a Purfe,and broken vpon j 
the Fore- head, or Backc of the Hand, as Children vfc. j 


THE r4«/rgiiienof5o«»i/, thatitlliould bean Elifionof the A^rc^ ' Expetimems 
(wlierby ,if they meane a.iy thing.they meane a Cutting, or Diuidiog- < ZuI^nzPro. 
I orelfjan Attenuating c^thc Aire) is but a Tcrme of Ignorance ; And the tiuaion, cafer. 
! Motion i'? bur a Garchofche Wit vpon afewInlKinces ; A^ the Manner «^''"'.'"'' "«- 
I isinthe/'^;/o/»/'/;;iRcceiucd. And it is common with Men, that if they | And^hfo/S 





ofchc /Ire 


^acurall Hijtorj: 

liaucgotrcnaPrcttv Expr/^ion, byaH-Wof Jri, i\\^ii Expreljien gocth 
I ciui'aiir ; rhv>iighitbecemptvofiU<»«f^r. This Conceit of £///w», appca- 
i teth a\u\\. nianifcltly to bcc falfc, in that the Sound ofa Tiell^ firings or the 1 
' like, continueth melting, fome time, after the I'trcnf^ita ; Butceafcth 
i ii:reight-vvavcs,irthe£^//,or^tr/«>|,be touched and liaycJ; whereas, if it 
j were the Elijien of the y4ire, that made the Sound, it could not bee, that 
j the Touch ofrhei?^//, or 5/r/»j^, ll^ould extinguifli fo fudden ly that Mo- 
I tion, caufed by the Elifionoi i\\c Aire, This appeareth yet more mani- 
tclUy ,, by Chimin-^ with a Hammer, !vpon the Out -fide ofa Eell ; For the 
j Sdu»a w ill be according to the inward Concaue of the Bell . whereas the 
^EitjUn^ oxAtun»iU0n of the ^/r^, cannot bee but onely betweenethe 
bUmn'tr^ andthcOut-fidcofthc^^fl. Soagaine, ifitwere an £///;**, a 
bioad H.mmtr^ and a Bedkm^ ftrucke vponMctall, would giuc a diners 
Totie J AswcllasadiuersZ,*»iw^(f ; But they doe not lb ; For though 
rhci'<7tt»<ioftheonebec£«</^r, and of the other Softeir, yetthcTVw is 
the lan^.c. Bcfides, mEccho's^ (whereof fbmearc as loud as the OrigianU 
F0!ce^) there is no new £///!** •, butai?<'/»^rf«jfJ»*»»onely. But that which 
conui^pethitmo'iofall, is, that 5<»«W^ are generated, where there is do 
Aire at all. But thefe and the like Conceits,whcn Men hauecleared their 
vndcrftanding, by the light of Experience, will (batter, and breake vp 

It isccrtaine, xhsx. Seundh not protluccd ai the firft, butwith fbmc 
LecM L^et/ort of the Aire^ox Flamepx fomc other Medium.^or yet with- 
out lorae Refiftance^ eit her iu the Atre^ or the Body Percuffed. For if there 
bee a mccre Yeelding;, or CeJfion, it produceth no Sound • As hathbeene 
faid. And therein Sounds differ fromZ,?^^*, and Colours ; which paffe 
thoiow the Aire^ or other Bodies^ without any L ocdl Motion of the Aire j 
either at th« firft. or after. But you muft attcntiuely diftinguifli, be- 
tweenethe Z-^w/Zi^^^/V^ of the ^/r*, (which is hmyehiculum Cduff^^ A 
Carrier of the Sounds.) and the Sounds themfelues, Conueighed in the 
Aire. For as to the former, wee {cemanifeftly, that no 5#»»^ is produ- 
ced (no not by Aire it Ic-lfe againft other Airo;^ as in Organs ^ &c. ) but with 
a perceptible Bbji oUhc A/re -^ And with fome Rejifianceo^ the Airc^- 
ftrucken. For cuen all Sfeeth, (which is one of the gentlert Motions ol 
Aire,) is with expulfion ofa little Breath. And all Pipes haue a Bla(f, 
as wellas a5flw»(^. Wee fee alio manifeftly, that Sounds arc carried with 
Winde: And the reforei'^wWj will bee hcardfurther with the »r/»i!/^ than 
againltthe/W»<;/^ ; And likewifc doe rife and fall with the Intcnnoli or 
Remiffion of the Wtnde. But for the Imprefion oHhc'Seund, it is cjuitc ano- 
ther Thing ; Andis\tferly without any LocMl Motion of the -^/;'^i Per- 
ceptible \ And in that rcfembleth the Species 'vifible : For afterayi/4»» 
hath lured, or a Bell is rung, wee cannot difcerneany Perceptible Motion 
(atall)in the Aire.s.'i long as the Sound gocth ; but onely at the firft. Nei- 
ther doth the Wind (as far re as it carrierh a Voice ^) with the Motion thereof^ 
confound any of the Delicate, and Articulate Figurations of the Airc^^ 
in Variety of Words. And i/ a Man fpeake a good loudnefPe, againft 


£enturj 1 1, 

the Flmoi' a CaiiMe^ it will not make ittrcmble much 5 though iBoftj 
whctihoic Let$cri arc pronounced j which contract the Mouth ; As Fj 
Sy ryndComcothcxs.But Gentle Breathmg^or Blowing wiihout^eaking^ 
wiilrtiuc the CAoMe farre more. And it is the more probable, that Sound 
iswitbutaayZ,«:j//^^«w»ofthe^/r^, bccaufeas itdiifcreth from the 
l5/^^r, ithatitnecdctha L0caUM0ttf»oi' theatre it Rvd i Soitparallc- 
Icth irfb many other things with the Stght^^nd RadiatUa ej things 'oiftble-^ 
VVhio ( vviihout all tjueltion) induce no Uc<tU Affititn in the ^iie^ as hath 

Nocrthclc(re it is true^ that vpon the N0i/eo(Th»ttder,and great Ord- 
imnce iGlafH; windowcs will fliake • and Firtics arc thought to bee fraicd 
with DC Motii^n , caufed by Ntije vpon the Water . But thefc Ef- 
fcdsatfrom thcLocall Motion of the i^/r/, which is a Concomitant 
of the ound (as lurh bccne laid ; ) and not from the Sound. 

It hth bcene anciently reportcd,and is llill rccciued.that Extreme ^p- 
/^•/rtand Shouting of People adcmblcd in great Multitudes^ haue fo raii- 
fied,ak{ broken the Aire, that Birds flying ouer, hauefalned.^wne, the notable to(iij>port them. And it is beleeucd by fome, that 
Greet Jfn^inj' of Dels in populous C ;ties, luth chafed away Thunder : and 
aifodiiipated Ptltiicnt Aire : All which may bcalfo from the ConcufTion 
ot the A i re, and not fro'i 1 the Soaudi 

AvffygrcatJ>>«»i/, necrehand, hath ftrucken many Dea/e ■ And at 
the Infant they haue found, asit weic, the brcakingof a Skin or Parch- 
ment it their Earc •• And my felfc (landing nccre on that Lm/Wloud, and 
fhrill, iud lliddeniy an Olfencc, as it fomewhat had broken, or becne dif- 
located n my Bare 5 And immediately after, a loud Ringing ; (Not an or- 
dinary Jinging,or Hiflingj but farrc louder, and differing •, ) (o as I feared 
(omc DufenefJ'e. But after ibme halic Quarter of an Hourc itvanillicd. 
f his Ercol may be truly referred vnto the Sound : For(as is commonly rc- 
ceiucd) an oner-potent obieB doth dcftroy the Senfe ; Andjpirftttail species, 
(both yifible x\d Audible) willworke vpon the Scnlbrics, though they 
moue not any otl ic: Body. 

In Delation 0/ SoMnds, the Enclofure o( them prcferueththem, andcau- 
feth them to bee Iieard further. And wee finde in Roules of Parchment, or 
Trunkes, the Moijrh being laid to the one endof thcRouIe of Parchment, 
or Trunke, nnd the F.<ire to the other^ the Sonndh heard much tlirther,that7 
in the Open Aire. Tlie C*n(evi, for that the i'M^c/fpcndeth, and is diirii)a- 
tcd in the 0/>/'» .-//><• 5 Biit infuch Concauesit isconferucd, and contra- 
deii. Soalfo ina Peeceof Ordrwnce,ifyou f^x;akein the Touch-holc,and 
another lay his Pure to the Mouth of the Peece, the 5<'»j»<ipafleth, and is 
farre better heard, tlun in the O/'w ^i?'^'. 

It is further tobrc confiilered, how it proucih, and workctii, when 
thc.s'^Kffiisnot cnclofed all the Length of his Way, butpalfcth part- 
ly th:)'-o'.v o,>cn Aire ♦ A < where vou /pfake fome dittancc from a 
Trunke ; or where the £4r^ is (bmcdiftance from the 7>iiM»itf, at the other 
End J Or where both J/*//r)!> and £4/^ are diftant from the Truiike. And 

E it^ 















'it is tried, that in a long TrK/ih, of fomc eight or ten foot, tiic Srtnd is 
holpen, though both the Mouth, and the Earebec almn^M, omorc, 
from the Ends of the 7>»»it^ j And fomewhat more holpcn, wtn tlic 
Eare of the Hearer is neere^ than when the A^outh of the Speaker. Ad it is 
ccrtainejthat the rdce is better heard in a^Chamyer frorh abroad, thauihaad 
from within the cA*i(»^^. " •'■■■ ' 

• As the Enehjiure, that is Rfiitffd about and Entire, prefemeth the ifund ; 
Sodoths-Semi-Ccnca^e, though in a lefle degree. And therefore if you 
diuicca Trunke or a C4winto two^ and one fpeakeat the one ed, and 
ybu lay your Eareat the other, it will carry the r^/f^ further, thai in the 
Mre&tl^xge. Nay further,ifitbenota full ^^OT/'-CwM/K* ; butifoudoe 
the like vpon the Mafi of a Ship fir zhng Pole fix a Peece of Ordnance (hough 
one fpeake vpon the Surface of the Ordnance, and not atany of the ioresj) 
the Voice will be heard further, than in the Aire at lai^e. 

It would bee tried, how, and with what proportion of difaduntage, 
the Voice will bee carried in an Horne^ which is a line Arched : Or in 
a Trumpet, which is a Line Retorted ; Or in fome Pipe that \\:re Si- 

It is ccrtainc , ( howfoeuer it crofle the Receiucd Opinior ) that 
^mWj may be created without ^^-^j though yiirehco. the moft liuoura- 
hk Deferent of Sounds, Take a Viffellol watery and knap a pairc c Tongs^ 
fothe depth within the Water, and you fhall hcare the Sonnl of die] 
Tongs well, and not much diminifhed ; And yet there is no Aif at all I 
prefent. • j 

■ Take one VeJfeU of Siluer, and another of ^'W, and fill each )f them 
full of Water, and then knap the Tongs together, as before, ajout an 
handfullfrom theBpttome, and you fhall finde the sound mu:h more 
Refbundingfromthcr<;;^<f//of Siluer, thAn^rom thit of ff'ood : And yet 
if there bee no Water in the f^effell^ fothat you knap the Tongs in the 
^ire, you (ball finde no difference , betweenc the Siluer and ircoddea 
VefeU. \A'hereby,bcfide the maine point of creating Sound wirhoiit ^ire, 
you may colled two things : The one, that the Sound commiinicareth 
withtheBottomeofthcri?/^// ; The other, that fuch a Communication 
paileth farre better , thorow neater, than ylire. 

SmkcanyH4rd Bodies together, in the MiddcftofaF/^wf, andyou 
fhall heare the Sound, with little difference, from the Sourki in the 

The Pneumaticall Part, which is in all Tans^tUe Bodies^ and'huh (ovae 
Affinity with the Aire, performeth, in fome degree, the Parts of the 
^/V^jAswhenyonknockevpon &n Empty Barrett, iheSouodh (in part) 
created by the Aire on theOut-flde ^ And (in part) bythe ^/r<rin the 
Inlide J Forthe5'tf«»<lf will bee greater orlcfler, as the Barrell is more- 
Empty, or more full j But yet the Sound participateth alio with the 
S^rit in the v/ood, thorow which it pafleth, ftom the Out-fide to the 1 n - i 
(ide ■: And foitcommeth to pafle, in the chiming of Bels, on the Out- 
fide J wheredfo cheSwW paflethto the Infide :■ Anda number of o- 
'•1 _ ,, .,. -tlity:. 

,,HiilJ . ' I .T • 

Centurj, i !• 

thcT like Inftaiices, whereof wc lliall fpcake raore,Mrhen wee IiantUe the 
C»mmitnicithn oi Sounds. 

It were extreme Grodcnefle to thinkc (as wee haue partly touched 
before) than t\ic Svundin Strings i% made y or produced, becweenc the 
H4nd and the String, or i\\c^tU and the String, or the Btw and the 
String : For thofe arc but fif/w^W* .Mp/iw, /"ij^^^wto theCr^4//V*of the 
Scnnd \ the ^*«»</ being prodija'd beiwecue the String and the j4ire - 
And that not by any Impulftonoi theatre, from the i\t\Metifino( tlic 
String 'yhwiby the Returmeot Refnltoi the String, which was ftraincdby 
the Touch, to his former Place; which M»ti0moi RefuU is quicke and 
fliarpe J Whereas the firft Motion, isfoftanddull. Sothc^^wtCTOircth 
the string continually , and thereby holdeth it in a Continual! Trepi- 

TAkc a Trvnke, andlct one whiftle at the one ^nd, and hold your 
Earc at the other, and you iliall findc the Stnnd iWke (b fliarpc as 
you can fcarce endure it. The Ctn/t is ; for that S0nnd diffufech ic felfe in 
round ^ And fo fpeiidcth it icife \ But if the ^<'»»ii<i,which waild feat tc r in 
Open A\rt, bccmadcto{^ocailintoaCana!c j Itmud needs giue^rcarer 
force t ) the- Samnd. And fo you may note, that En(l»fures doe not only pte- 
(i rue Sou 'id^ bi It alio Encrealc and Sharpen it. 

A Hunters Htrue^ being grcatcratoneend, than at the other, dothin- 
I crcafc the Seund more, than i fthe £/frnewcxc all ot an equall Bore. The 
Cju/i is, for that the ^ire, and Sonnd, being firf\ contracted at the Icllcr 
end, and afterwards hauing more Roomc to fpread at the greater end jdoe 
dilate thenifclues j And in Comming out ftrikc more jlire ; wlicrcby the 
StH»d is the Gix.'atcr,and Bafer. And eucn Hunters ^#r««,wliich arc fbnic- 
times madeftrcight, and not Oblique, are cuer greater at the lowcrend. 
It would be tried alio in Pipes ^ being made/4r Urgcr at the lower end : Or 
being made with a Belij cowards the lower End j And then ilfuing into H 
ftreight Concauc againie. 

There is in S*int Idmesfietdf^aCinduit ofBricke, vnto which iovncth a 
Uw y-*ult ; And at the End of that, a ReuKd Htufe o't Stone : And in the 
SmivC<»W«// there is a Window • Andinthc^w»«<^ ^^n/J a Slit or Rift 
of Ibme little brcadchdfyou cry out in the Rifr,it will makcafearfull Roa- 
ring at the Window. The Ctufe is the fame with the former j For that jJI 
C*>:cjues^ tlintproc-ecd from more NarrOvVto more Broad, doeimplific 
the Sounds, the Coiviniing our. , 

HtTfkesBells^ that haue Holes in the Sides, giue a greater fting, than 
if tb.cPcllct didltrikc vponBrafTe, in the Optny4ire, The Caufe is the 
fame with the hrft lnJIai.eeo( the Trnnke $ Namely, fof diat the Sound 
Enclofed\Vith:lie Sides of thc5W/,comniethforchatclie//^/?/ vnipent, 


and more flrong. 

InDrummes^ the Clnlcneflc roundabout, thdt prtfenieth the Stand 
fromdifpcrfmg, makcththe Ntifeconye forthat the t)nm H«ie, ftrri 
more loud, andltrong, than if you ilioul J ttrikc vpon the like .S*/';, ct- 

H 2 tended 




in C«nlort 
touching chc 
















J^turall Hislu) : 

— '! 

tcQdcd iuthe Opea Aire. . The Cauje is the fame vviiii the two pre- 

Seands are l^ctcer heard ^ and further off, in an Euenieg^ or in the Nighty 
than at the ivTww, or in the Z)-*/. The Caitfe is, for that in the Day^ when 
the ^/>* is more Thiiij(no doubt) thcS(«i»<i piercetbbcircr ; Butwhen 
the^/;rismoreThicka (as in xh^Ni^t) the Souad fpcndethand Iprca- 
dethabroad lefle : And fo ic is a Degree o'iEoclifttrt. As for the ^ght^ it 
is trueaifo^ ihatthe Gencrall Silence helpeth. 

, There bee two Kinds of Refiexitasoi Sennds % Tlie(Mie atDiJiancc^^ ^ 
which is the Ecch^f Wherein the OriginM is heard diltindly^and the Re- \ 
J^fW/tfwalfadiltinaiy ; Of which wee lliall fpcake hereafter : The other in 
Concftrrence ; When the ^*»«<i Rcfleding (the Reflexicfi being neere at 
hand) rcturneth immediately vpon the Oy/gfM*//^ andfoiccrareth it not, 
but ampUfiethit. Therefore we fee, that ^«y5cit«vpon the water found- 
cth more J And fo likc^yife CHitJukc is better in Chambers Wainfcottcd,( 
than Hanged. 

The5m>)giofaLute, orVioll, orVirginalls, doe giue a farre greater 
5tf«W, by reafon of the Xnot^ and Baard, and Gencaue vnderneath, than if 
there were nothing but onely the Fltt of a Bwr^, without that Hallcw and 
^»«j tolet in the Vpper Aire into the Lower. The Caufeis^ the Commu- 
nication of the Vpper Aire with the Lower i And penning of both from 
Expence, or difperfing. 

An Irilh Htrpe hath Open Aiieonboth fides of the 5;;/»^i; And it hath 
the ConcAHt oi Bellj^ not along the Striiigs^ but atthe End of the Strings. It 
maketh a more Refounding Sounds than a Bandora, OrfhArien^ or Citternt^ 
which haue likewife mr€-Jirings. I iudge the Cdufeto bee, for that Open 
Aire on both Sides helpeth,fo that there be a CWM«rjWh!chisthereibre 
beft placed at the End. 

InaVirgwdll^ whentheL/Visdowne, it maketh a more exile Seand^ 
^an when the Lid is open. TJie Cau/t is, for that all Shntting in of -^/rc-^, 
where there is no competent Vcntj dampeth thQ Sound. Which maintai- 
neth likewife the former Infttnce • For the Belly oiths Lute ^ or Vio^, doth 

Ipenthcv^/refomewhat. —- 
There is a chHrch aiGlocefier (and as I haue heard, the like is in fi->me 
other places 5 ) whereifyoufpeakcagainftaWall, ibftly, another iliall 
hcaTeyourr««betteragood Way off, than ncere hand. Enquire more 
particularly of the Frame of that place; I fuppofe there is fome V<;ulr, or 
H oilow, or Ifle, behind the Wall, and fbme PafTagc to it towards the fur- 
ther endpf that Wall, againft which youfpcake;, Soastherwtfofhim 
that fpeaketh, flideth along tbe Wall, and then entrcth at fome PafTagc, 
andcommunicateth with the ^ir<of the Hollow- for it is prefcrued f^>mc- 
what by the plaine Wall ^ but that is too wcake to giue a 5(;»ffi Atkiible, 
till it hath communicated with thebacke Aire. 

Strike vpon a Bove-firing, and lay the Horne of the Box» neerc your 
Earc, find it will encrcafe thtSwmd, andmakc adcgreeof a Tw^, The 
Csn/eis, forthatthe Senfory, by reafon of the Clofe Holding, is. per- 

_ -. , .cuflid. 

Century, i I. 

cufled, before rlic Aire difpcrfeth. The like is, if you iiold rhe Home 
becwixt your Teeth. Buc that is a pUine DeUtion otthe So^ind -^ trom 
the Teeth, to the Inftrumenc of Hearing • For there is a great Eiuef- 
courle bctwcenc- thole two PartSj Asappcarechby this-Thata Hirili 
<7rjt;«^ r«M^ fetteth the Teeth on edge Thehkc fallcchout, if tlie 
Wt>r«e of the Boyo be put vpon the Temples ^ But that is but the *S>\\\Xq 
of the SomA from thence to the F.are. •< 

If you rake a Rod. o'ilron^ or BraJJl-^Md hold the one end to your Eare, 
and (hike vpon the other, it maketha tar greater i-aws^^^, than the like 
Stroke vpon the Rod^ not fo made Contiguous to the Eare.By whicli, 
and by fome other InjUnces^ that hauebeene partly touched, it (hould 
appcarc ; That sounds doo. not onely Aide vpon rhe Surface of a 
Smooth Botiy,butdoe alfo communicate with the SpiritSjthat are in 
tlie Pores of the Body. 

i remember in Trinity College in Cambridge^ there was an rp^er 
Ch.imhcr^whvch being thought wcake in the Roote of tt,was llipportcd 
by a Pillar of Iron, ot the bigneffe of ones Arme, in rhe middeft of 
ihc ch.7?)ikr • Which if you had ftrucke, it would make a little Hat 
NoilcintiiCif^Mwewhcreit was llrucke j But it would makeawreat 
Bombe in rhe chimber beneath. 

The i'o;:';.'i/ which is made by Buckets ina well, when tlicy touch vp- 
on the water ^ Or when they ftnke vpon the lide of the well ; Or when 
two Buckets daQi the one againft the other 5 Thefe Sounds avc deeper 
and fullcc,'than if the like P crculTion were made in the Open v4ire.Thc 
Canfe is, the Penning and Enclofurc of the Aire, in the Concaue of the 

Barrels placed in a Roome vnder the Floare of ^dumber, make all 
Noifes in the fame Chamber, more Full and Refounding. 

So tktt there be flue w^yes (in generdl) of Maioration of Sounds : En- 
clofurc Simple 5 Enclolure with Dilatation •, Communication | Re- 
fleJcion Concurrent ^d«</ Approach to the Senfbry. 

For Exility of theTc/Vf, or othci Sounds : It is ccrtainc, that the 
roice doth pafTe thorow Solid imd Hard Bodies^ihhey be nor too thick. 
And chorovv wjtcr, which is likewifeavery Ciofe Body, and luch an 
one, as Icttcfh not in Aire. But then the r(?;V<?, or other 5(?««<s^, is redu- 
ced, by iiich paflage,to a great wcahejfc, or Exllitic. If therefore you 
(top the Holes (/a Hnwkes Bell, it will make no Ring, but a flat Noife, 
or Rattle. And fo dodi the Aetites^ or Eagks Stone, which hatli a lit- 
tle Stone within it. 

And a5 lor i;\nri-^ it is a ccrtainc Triall : Let a Man goe into a Bath^ 
and takj a Piule^.md turne the Bottome vpward,and carry the Mouth 
ol ir,(Eucn,)downc to the Lcudl o'itha waiter -, and i'o prcffe it downc 
vndcr the ;y.,r«-,ronjc handful and an halfc,ftill keeping it cuen ,rhar it 
may not tilton either fide,&: fothe Aire get out:thca let him that is in 
the /7.7f /7jdiue with his Head fo far vnder water, as he may put his head 
into they rfi/fj&therc wil corneas rauch^ofbubling wil nuke 

. " E ? Roome 

" '"^'' ' ' ' ■ ' ■!■« »■.■ ■ BJV-. ^-UiU- 














S\QituralI HisicT) : 



Roome tor his Head. Then kt him ipcak- &: any thac ihail lUiid wiih- 
oiit,(hail heare his^o/Ve plamly-,but yet niddc extreme fnarp and exile, 
like the yoke oiPufpus:^ui yet the AnicitUte Sounds oi the H'ords wi\\ 
not be. confouadcd. Note that it may be much more handibmly done, 
if the />jj7ebe put ouer the Mans head aboue watctj and then he cowre 
downe,and the Failebe preiTed downe with him.Note that a man muft 
kneele or iit,that he maybe lower than the tvater.A man would think 
that the Sicilian Foet had knowledge ot this Ex^triment • For he faith j | 
That Hercules Pa^e Hylus went with a VVaterpot^to fill it at a pleafant ' 
Foicntaine, that was neere the Shore, and that the Nymphs of the Foitn- ) 
t.7/«efell in loue with the Boy, 8c piuied him vnderfAivtfr,kecpinghim 
jaliuc ^ And that jfferf«/e/ miffing hisp^^e, called him by his Name, 
aIoud,that all the Ihore rang of it^and thai Hylas from within the Wa- 
ter, anfwcred his Mafter j But (that which is to the prefent purpofc) 
with fo fmall and exile a r#/Vt, as Hercules thought he had beene three/ 
miles oft, when the Fountaihe (indeed) was faft by. 

In Lutes And ixfirumentsoi Strings, ifyou ftop a 5f>7«^high (where 
by it hath IcfTe fcope to trembie)the Sound is more Trehlejom yet more 

Take two Sawcers^and flrike the edge of the one againft the bottom 
oftheother,withinaP^<7et>fff<7«r J And you lliall finde, that as you 
put the Sawcers lower and lower, the Sound growt th more fiat ; euen 
while Part of the Suwcer is aboue the Water ; But that Flatnefle of 
Souud is ioyned with a Harilinefle of Sound •, which (no doubt) is ciu- 
fed by the inequality of the 5o««^,whichcommeth from the part of the 
5^ff»'vnder the H^.iter^and from the Part aboue. ^ut when thcSawcer 
is wholly vnder the Heater, the Sound becommeth more clearc,but farre 
more low • And as if the Soundcatnc from a farre off. 

A5ofrjBo<;^dampeththe^oW,much more than a //.//•ij As ifaBell 
hath ClothjOr Silk wrapped about it,it dcadeth the Sound more, than 
if it were Wood. And therefore in clericals, the Keyes are lined , And 
/ inColleges they vfe to Une the Tablemen. 

Triall was made in a Recorder, a^ttr thefe feuerall manncrs.Thc Bot- 
tome of it was fet again ft the Palme oftheH and i ftopped with Wax 
round about -, fet againft a Damaske Culliion ^Thruft into Sand j Into 
Afhcsjlnto Water(halfc an inch vnder the Water; ) Clofe to the Bot- 1 
tome of a Sillier Bafln ; Andftill the To^f remained : but theBotrome \ 
of it was fet againft a Woollen Carpet •, A Lining of Pluili 5 A Lock ! 
of Wooll,(though ioofely put in;) Againft Snow; And the Sound of it ' 
was quite deadcd, and but Breath. 

Iron Hot,produceth not fo full a Somdy^A when it is CoId^For while 
it ishotjitappeareth to be morcfoft,and leffe rcfounding. So likcwiic 
fyarmetvater, when it falleth, raaketh not fo full a Sound, as Cold: And 
I conceiue ;t is foftcr,and necrer the Nature of Oile^For ic is more flip 
pery ; As maybe pcrcciucd, in thac it fcowreth better. 
Let there btzReardet made, with two Fippks^ at each end one •, The 


Q'nlurj i\. 


triinke of it ofthc lengrh of cvv.) Recorders ^ and the Hofe^inftvebblc 
toward each endj And ler two p!ay the famt* IcflLn vpon ir,at an Vni ' i 
Ton : And let ic be noted, whether the Seund be confotindcx<,or ampli-- 
ded ; or dulled. Solikcvvile let a Cro//(- bee made 30t"tw''v>Trunckcs 
(rhorow-out)hol!ow 5 And let two {pcake,or ring,the one long- waies^ 
the other traiierfe: And let two he.ue at the oppolitc Ends- And note, 
whether the 5o.W be confonilded • artiphfied ; orduHed.Whiclf two 
Infutnres will alfo giue light to the Adixtun of 5i>««^/jwhereof we flialf 
(peakc hereatceri 

A Btllovces biowne in at the Hole of a Drumme^ and the J)r>jm that 
'hiicken, maketh the sou»da little flatter,biit no other apparent Alre- 
ration. The Cauft ts manifen: j Partly for that it hindereth tlie Iflue of 
the Somd • And partly for that it maketh the ^ire, being blovvne to- 
gcthtVj Icflc niolleable. 7 itan i^^w^s.;. :• 

rHc Loudncjfc and Softmjjeoi Sounds^ is aThingdiftini^ froth the 
M.ignit.'idc and Exilitie ot Sounds ; For a B^iji 5rn>?g,though Ibftlv 
rtrnckcn,giuc-th the greater ^o WjBut a 7 reble hard Itrncken', 
will'be heard much tiirther off Andthe Caufi is,for that tlie Btife String 
ilrikcth move Jirc ; And the TrcUchScAirey but with a (harper per- 
tufiTnn. ., 

It ib i\Kru3$c the Strength of the i»^rf«///o«jthatis aPrincioall Caufi 
of the Loudneffe or SoftnfjJ'e oiSoHnds:h.^ in knocking harder or foftcr- 
Winding of a Home flronger or weaker-. Ringing ot a Hand-bell har- 
der or folter,&:c.And ihejirengtbot' this pera'/t'ion conliftcth as much 
or morCjin the Hurd^ejfe ohht: hodypercnffed^as in the Fofceoi the Bo- 
<hpercu[li;ig:¥or if you llrike againft a Cloth,it will giue a lefTe Sg-t/id- 

Ifiagainlt Wood, a greater j If againft Metall, yet a greater j And i.* 
Metals,if you ftrike againft Gold,(which is the more pliant,)it giucth 
the flatter i'o.WjIf againft SiluerjOr Brafte,the more Ringing 5'o.W. 
As for y*r>e,whereit is ftrongly pent, it matchcth a Hard Bodie. And 
therfore we fee in difchargingof a Peece^what a great A'o/Vf ic maketh. 
We feealfo,rhat theChargc with BulletjOr with paper wer,and hard 
ftoppcd • Or with powder alone, rammed in hard j maketh no great 
difference in the Loudm-JJc of the Report. 

The Skirpmfjt; or ^ichujfc of the Percu^\on^h a great Canfe of the 
Loadneffe^a^, x^'eli as the /?rf«gt/;;As in a Whip,or VVand,if you ftrike 
the ^/i-t' with ir-the lliarpcr and quicker you ftrike it, the londtr Sound 
k giuethiAnJ in playing vpon the Ltne^ox riijiiuli^xXxc c]i)i.\ke ftroke 
or Toiich,is a great life to the Somd.'X\\c: Caufci?., for that the Qu^icke 
Strikingcotteth the Aire fpccdilv; wijcreas the Soft Striking doch rs 
thcr heat than cur i 

The CommwiiccUioit o^SoUndi (as iii Bdjics cf Luta Emp tie 
VclTcls.i?'^. ) hath bcciic touched obiLcr, in i\\c Muior^iati-oi 
.yo/WiButitisHcaKoronialuea r/V/i?ohtapaKv-v.. ., . . ; 
_ Thd 


touching the 
LOkdncfe or 
SoHUdt ; and 

longer O'jhsrur 



in Ccnftrt tou> 
thing the C*»- 



D\faturall Hijiorj : 



ia Confort, 
couching Equa- 
btjiini intqM- 




The Experiment for grcatell Demonftration of Cemmtftsicadoa of 
Sffundi, is the Chiming oi Bells • Where if you ftrike with a Hammer vp- 
onthc VppcrPart, and then vpon the Midft, and then vpon the Lower, 
you fhall hnde the ^^W to bee more Treble, and more Bafc, according 
vnto the Concaue, on the Infide j though the Percuflion bee onely on the 

When the .Stf»»^ is created betvveenethe Eldfi o{ the Mouthy and the 
^ire of the Pipe, it hath neuerthelefle fome CommumcAtipn with the Mat- 
ter of the Sides of the P/f^, and the Spirits in them contained ', for in a 
Fife or rr«»5Prt_,of Wood,and Braffe,the Swnd will bee diners ^ So if the 
j Pipe be couered with cUth, or silke^ it will giue a diuers Sound^ from that 
it would doe of it felfc • So, if the Pipe bee a little vet on the Infide, it will 
. rnake a differing Seund^ from the fame Pipe dry. 
j That S$und made within Wtter , doth communicate better with a 
! hard Body thorow yvtter^ than made in Airc^^ it doth with Aire j Vide^ 
' Experimentam 134. 

Wee haue fpoken before Cin the Inquifition touching Mu- 
Jicke,) of Mujieall Sounds, whercunto there may be a Concord 
or Difcord in two Parts \ Whieh Sounds we call Tones : And 
[ikcmicQ^ Immuficall Sounds y And haucgiucn the C^zw/tf, that 
theTo»^ proceedeth of JS jttrf//V, and the other of Inequality: 
And wee haue alfoexprcflcd there, what arc the Eqttall Bodies 
that giuero»«, and what arc the Vnequall that giue none. But 
nowweeftiall fpeakcoffuch Inequality ot Sounds, nsproccc- 
deth, not trom the Nature of the Bodies themfelucs, but is Ac- 
cidental! j Either from the RoughneJJe, or Obliquitie of the ^aj- 
fage i Or from the Vouhling of the Percutient jOr from the Tre- 
pidation of the Motion. 

A «f fl,if it haue a Rift in it,whercby the Sotmd hath not a cleare PafFage, 
giueth a Hear/e and larring Sounci-^So the Voice of A/4«,whcn by cold taken 
the Wefill growethrugged,and(as we call it) furred, becommeth hoarfe. 
And in thefc two Injlafjces.ike Sounds iliq Ingrate j becaufe they are meer- 
ly vnequall : But, if they bee Vneq»»Uin Equality, then the Scitndis Grate- 
ful!, but Purling. 

All Ittfirumnts, that haue either Returnes, as Trumpets j Or Flexions, 
as Cornets • Or are Drawne vp, andputfrom, as Sackbuts ; haue a Ptirli/J^ 
Sonnd : But the Recorder ox F/»W,that haue none of thefe InequMlities.^iuc 
aclcarc Sound. Neuerthelefle, the Recotder itfelfe, or Pipe moiftencda 
little in the Infide, foundeth more folemnly, and with a little Purling, or 
Hifling. Againe, a ivreathed String, fuch as are in the Bafe Strings ot Bm- 
domes ^ giueth alfo a Pnrliitg Sound. 

But a Lute-fifing, if it be meerely Vnequdl in bis Parts, giueth a Harfh 


Qentu^j f K 

and viuuneable i'wx^ ; ^'\-i\c\\ StriHgswxccAW FAfe ^ being bisger in one 

! \^\icc tbaa in another ^ And therefore inre-firwassxc ncvci Falfe. W'e fet 

1 41b, chat when wee try a Fal/eLute-firig^^ wcevfo toev'tend khardbe- 

Jtwccne die fingers, anci CO fillip it ; And if it giu<rhadoubIe5/rf/«^ it is 

! Traf ; But ifit giucth a Treble, or niore, it is faife. ' 

,' iVaters^ in the A'^y/V tlx'v make as they run, reprcfcRt to the Earc a 

i Trembling Neift j And in Regalls] (where they haiie'a Pi^e^ they call the 

I NigbtingaU-Pife, which cont.nneth ntter) the Sound hatha continual! 

\ Trembling : And Children hauealfo little Thing? they call Cecks^ which 

luiic Water in them ; And when they blow, or whittle in them, they vecld 

aTfcmlfling Nfii/e ; \\'hicbTremOli0go(l^dter, hath an affinity with the 

Letter/:. AW^'hich Inequalities ot TrepidattPOj arc rather pleafant, than 

oihcrwife. ; • 

. All5<j/^iVtf/^j,orvcry 7>rWrAVfw,giuean hCpcrSMnd; Forthatthe 
Bafe fttikcth more^/r^, than it can well rtrike equally : And the Tre^lc^ 
cuttcththc-^//rfotliarpe,as itretumeth toofivift, tomakcthe^o«»^E-' 
quail ; And therefoitia J^edne orTer^tr^h the fweeteftParc. 

WekncAvnothng, tkiccanatpleafure make a /*/«»/?«// or ImmuJjcdH 
Sffupd^bv v.M'inrarv /'^fdti en ^bin the f^iceofAfan^ and Birdt. The Cattfe'i^ 
(nodoubr)inthe VVcaUllor VVind-pipe,(wbich wccall Aijtr* Artcyk^) 
.which bein7,wcll extended, e.athcreth Equality . Asa Bladder that is 
wriiicklcd • if it bee extended, becon^mcth fmooth. Tlie Extcniion is al- 
] \yayes more in Ti>nes, than in Speech : Therefore the Inward raice or ^yhi- 
f^r can ncuer giue a Tone : And in Singing, there is (manifeftly) a greater 
Working-and Labour of the Throar, than in 5'/r4jir/«g j As appea^eth in 
the Thrultingouc, or Drawing in of the Chin, when we fing. 

Tlic H$tmmiag of Bees^ is an ytuquaU B»x.ung • And is conceiued, by 
(bmc of the Ancients, not to come forth at their Mouth, but to bee an /¥- 
wsrd Seuijd \\^iVi (it may bee) it is neither ; But from the motion of their 
V\' ings ; For it is n "Jt heard but when they Itirrc. 

All Metdh quenched in ivAter , giue a Sibilarion or Hiifing Sound ; 
(which hath an Atfinttv with the letter Z.)notwithrtanding the SoW-te 
created Ix'twecne the WArt^i- or f^ipeur ^3x\f\ the Mre. Seething^ alio, if tlicrc 
bebiit!ina!I (lor^-of/r^ftfrina Veflltll, giuethaHilfing^Mw/i 5 But Boy- 
ling ina full VL-fiell, giucth a Bublmg 5<7«»i, drawing fomewhat neer^' to 
the Oa« vfcdby Children. 

Trial! vvoi I'd be madv.*, whether the Ineqadttj^ or Interchange of the 
^f^Mw, will not produce an /»^^«4///7 of i'«ff<^ j Asifthreeisc^/i were 
made one within iiiorher, and-r^ir^ betwixt Each ^ and then the outer- 
moft Be'il were Chimed with a Hammer, how the S<nind would differ 
from a Simple Beli. Solikewiic takea Pkte oi Brafft^ and a plankc of 
;Awi, and ioyne them dole together, and knockc vpon one of them, and 
fecifthev doc ml giue an Vneqa.iU Sound. So nwke two or l\)KtP*'rt!tions 
o{ Head irt aHar>lhesd, vjkhHtlesor ^wf; in them ♦, Andmaikc the dif- 
ference of their Sound, from the Stimd of an /Itgjheadj without Rich , 
partitions » 









in Conlort, 
touching 'he 

Ttnet,ot Muf- 


OSfamraU Hifiorj 






ITiseuidcnt, zhatihc Per(»Jfeoo{ihe Greater ^aamrtiof^Jre^ caufeth 
the Sdfer Stmnd j And the kfll QuMtitj^ the more TrthUSeund. The 
FercMJjifff) of the Greater Qjttmitj of Ahe^ is produced by the Gre4ine(fe ef 
thei^odj Percn^jini j BytheLj;;«J*of the Cenc*»e^ by which the Sonnd 
pallcth jand bv the Ltngit»de of the fame C0iK4»e. Therefore we fee that a 
Ba/e firing, is greater than a Treble j A Dtfe Fife hath a greater Bore than 
a TreUe j And in Pifei^ and the like,the lower the Note Holes be,and the 
further off from the Month of the fift^ the more Bi/V s»»nd they yecld ; 
And the necrer the Mouth, the more Treble. Nay more, ifyouftrike an 
Entire B0dj^A'iaRA$uiir»noiBrd(fe^ at the Top, itmakctha morc7rf^/f 
sound ; And at the Bottomc a BAfer. 

It is alfoeuident, that the Shsrfer or Qjtitker Fercuftoii «f ^/rrcaufeth 
the more Treble S»und ; And the silver or He*Miery the more Bsfe Stand. 
So we fee in StringS'^thc more they are wound vp,and (trained- (And ther- 
by giuc a more quicke ftart backe; )thc more Treble is the Souad-^ And the 
(lacker they 3re,or leCTe wound vp, the Ba/er is the Sentd. And therefore a 
B igger String more ftiainccl, and a leller Strifig^ktCc ftrained, may fall in- 
to the fame Twr. 

Children J Woment Eunnchs haue more fmall and {hrill P^ciees than Men. 
The Realbnis, not for that Men hauc greater Heat, which may make 
the Voice ftrongcr, (for the (treng tb of a Veiee or Stnnd^ doth make a diffe- 
rence inlhe Londneffe or S of tneffe, buz not iaihcTene j ) But from the 
Dilatation ofthe Organ; which (it is true) islikewifccaufed by Heat. 
But theCaufe oi C hinging, rhc Foice, attheyeares of Puberty, ismor*; 
obfcure. It fcemeth to be,for that when much of the Moifturc of the Body 
which didbeforeirrigatethe Parts, isdrawncdownc totheSpcrmaticall 
veiTels . it Icaueth the Body more hot than it was ^ whence commeth the 
Dilatation of the Pipes : For wcfee plainly, all Effeds ofHcat, doe then 
come on ; AsPilolky, moreRoughneflcof thcSkin, Hardncfleof the 
Flcrti, &c. 

1 The Indullry of the Mnfititn, hath produced two other Meanes of 
\strAinin^tOr /ntenfiono^Stringt, beCidcsthcithywdingvp. Theoneis the 
istopfin^ of the String with the Finger ; As in the Neckes of Lutcs,Viols, 
(&c. The other is the Shortnejfeoi the String • As in Harps, Virginalis, 
Sic. Both thcfchaue one, and the lame reafon i for they caufe the String 
to giuc a quicker fbrt. 

In the jirtining of a String, the further it is drained, the lefle Sufer^rd' 
ning goeth to a Note , For it requireth good Winding of a String, before 
it will make anv Note at all "• And in the Stops of Lutes, &c. the higher 
they goc, the lelfe Diftance is bctwcene the Frets* 

If you fill a Drinking Glajfemthfy^ter, (efpccially one (harpebelow, 
and Wldribauc,) and fillip vponthe Brim,or Out-fide ; And after emp- 
ty Part of the fr^/rr, and fo more an' 'more, andftilltry the7V«byFil- 
lipping ; you (hall find the r*»r fall, andbec more ^«/^, astheG/4/,fis 

more Empty. 


Century • 1 1. 


The lull: and Mcaf urcd Proportion of x.hc;Airc Penufed, to- ' SSior"" 


wards the Bafenejfe or Trtblenejje of To;7a, is one of the t'rca- 
tcll Secrets in the Contemplation of Sounds. For it difco.ue- 
reth the true Coincidence of Hones into Diapufons ; Which is the 
Rcturncof the fame Sound. Andfoof ihcConcords and D//^ 
cords, bctweenff the Vnifon^ and Dinpnfon ; Which wc hauc tou- 
ched before, in the Experiments of Muficke ; but thinkc fit to 
rcfumc ic here J as a principallParcof our Enquiry touching^ 
ihoNatureoi may bee found'out in the Proportion of 
the Winding oi Strings : In the Proportion of the Diflance of 
F;'<?f J i And in the Proportion of the Concaue oiPipes, dec. But 
moft commodioufly in the laft of thefe. 

Try therefore the Winding of a String once about, as foone as it is 
brouoht to tb.u Extenfion, as will giiiea Tcne ^ And then of twice 
about ; And thrice about, hic. And markethe Scale or Difference of 
the Ri1c of rhc Tone : Whereby you fliall difcouer, in one, two EfFcds 
Both the Proportien of the Sound towards the Dimenfion of tiio Winding ' 
And t he Proptntten likewife of the Soupd towards the String, as it is more 
orlcHcihaincd. But note that to miJafure this, thcwav will bee, to take 
the Length ina right Line of the ^m»g, vpon any Winding about of. 
the Peg;. 'I 

As for the Stops., you are to take the 2^mher q{ Frets ; Andprinci- ! 
pally the Z-(ri!wr6 of the iw, from the firft Stop of tlx; uSV;-//*^, vntofuch ' 
a Stop as rtiall produce a Diapsfon to the former Stop, vpun the fame 

Butitwillbcft (asitisfaid) a-ppcue, inthe Bares ofmnd'/n/frnments: , 
And therefore canlcfome halfe dozen ?//>«, to be made, inlciis;di, and ; 
all things clfc, alike, with a lingle, double, and lb on toa fextuple Bore ■ i 
And fo niarkc what Fall oi'Tone euery one giucth. But rtill in thefe thrcc4 
h\\l»lla»ces^ you muft diligently oblcrue, what Length of String, or Di-: 
fiance ofsufp, or Concaue of Aire, makerh what Rife of Soand. 1'^ in the ' 
lad of thefe (which (asweefaid) is that, which gincth the apteft demon- '< 
ftiMtion*,) yt)u mult fet downe what Encrcafc of Concaue gocth to theji 
Making of a A'(7/f higher ^ And 'vhat of two A^'utc;,.^ And wliit of three 
Motes ; Andibvp to the DiApirca .■ FOr then thcgieat Sccretof A''um- ' 
itifrj, and fr<'/'i?md?;«, will appcare. Itisnotvnlike, thatthofe that make ; 
Recorders, &c. know this already • for that they make diem in i'^/i. And 
likewife BeU-Founders in firtingthe Tunc of their i?^/x. Sothat Enquiry 
mayfaueTriall: -Soidyi ithathbeenc obfcrticdby one of the ^w/V/»f y, 
that an Empty Barrel knocked vpon with the finger, giucrii" a 
tothti>Wof the like /.'4rrtffl/"«fl .^ But how that ihould bee, I doe not 
vi^cll (rndevitjnd ; For that thekhoekingofa54rr/a//»ff, ot Empty ^ doth 

fcaicc giuc anv Toae. 








J\(aturali History : 

touching £v;c ' 





I Experiment I 
I inCo»/Jmou- 
1 chingAriicuU- 
j tiittofStuntls. 

There 15 roijiurcci loinc fcniible Dirfcrencc inche Pitiperdouoii crei- 
tinga/v'Bfir, towards the i'l'ww^i it fclfc, which isthcPalTuic : And that it 
bee inttoo ncaic, but at adiftance. for inn KecfirJer^ the three vppcr- 
moft Holes, yccld one Ttf« j which is a iV#/# lower than the 7V« of the 
firft three. And the like (no doubt) is required in the Winding or Stop- 
pin^iol Strings. 

Therein another Difference of Sounds^ which wcc will call 
Exteriour, and Interiour. It ii. nor Soft, nor Loud: Nor it is not 
lltfs, nor T/t/'/tf.Norit is not Muficallyt\ot Immuficall:Tho\i^h ] 
i: b:c uu", that there can bee no Tone in an Interiour Sound : But 
oaihcotherfidc, in an Exteriour Sounds there may bee both 
Miificall and ImmuficalL Wcc (ball therefore enumerate them, 
rather than prccilcly diftinguifti them j Though (to make/ 
fomcAdu.nbrationof rhatweemcane) thclnteriour is rather 
an Imputfion otContuHonoX ihcAire, than an ElifonoxSeSiion 
of the lanic. So as the Percujiion of the one, towards the other, 
d.ffcrcth,as a Blow diffcrcth from a (^m. 

lnSPefthoLMan^ihc^f'hi^erittg,(v;h.ichthcyca.\[Snfurf$u in Ltt'mtJ,) 

whether itbcloudtr or foftcr, is m Interitur Stund 5 But the Sneaking 

M/, is an Exteriour Sound j And therefore you can neucr make a7V«c-», 

norfingin;>^A/^w»ig • ?)Ui\\\ speech you may : So Breathing, cxBlewtaj^ 

by the Mouthy Beltowes, or fvmd, (though loud) is an Interitur Somad-^ Bur 

the Blowing thorow zPipe^ oxCcocaue, (though foft) is an fix/rri**;-. So 

\ likcwifc, thegreateft mndes, if they haueno Coardation, or blow not 

hollow, giucan Interiour Souni • The Whiftling or hollow iVimteyccl- 

dcth i Smgin^fiT Exteriour Sound • The former being pent by fomt other 

Body i The latter being pent in by his owne Denfity : And therefore wee 

fee, that when theH-W^ bloweth hollow, it is 4 Signeof Rainc. The 

Flsme, as it moueth within it felfc, orisblowncby aBellowes, giuctha 

Murmur or Interienr Soittid. 

There is no Hard Body Jaut ftvuckeagainft another Hard Body ^vf\{\ yceld 

i .in Exteriour Sound , greater or leflcr : Infomuch as if the Percufllon bee 

j oucr-lofr, it niav induce a Nullity oi Sound -^ But neuer an Interiour Soand\ 

As when one trcadcth (0 foftly, that he is nor heard. 

Where the Aire is the Fercutient , pent, or not pcnr, againft a Hard Bo- 
c(7,it neucr giuech an Exteriour Sound ; As if y6u blow ltrongl)rwith a Bel- 
lowcs againlt a \\'all. 

Sounds (both Exteriour and Interiour,) may bee made as well by SuHion , 
as by Emifion of the Breath : As imyhijlliini^ or Breathing. 

ITiseuidcnt, and it is one of the ftrangeft Secrets in Sounds^ that the 
whole Sound is not in the whole ^/r^onely ; But the whole sound isalfo 
ineuery fmall Fart of the Aire, So that all the curious Diucrfity of Arti-^ 


Century,- II, 


<uhteSoiindf, of thcVs>iceQfMan,orBir43j will cntcratafmall Cran- 
ny, Inconfufcci. 

JheFncqm.iil A^itatmo'i rJic Windiy and the like, though they bee 
matcriallto the Carriage of cb.c Sounds^ further, orleflewayj yet they 
doe not confound the Artlculat'i«n of them at all, within that diltanci* 
that they can be heard; Though it may be, they make them to be heard 
lefle Way, than v^ a Still , as hath bcene partly touched. 

Ouer-great Diltance confxinticth the Art'uulationoi StitHds ; As we 
fee, that you may hearc the Sound of a l^reachers voice, ot the like, when 
you cannot diftinguifh what he faith. And one Articulate Stund^ will 
confound another ; As when many fpcake at once. 

In the Exj)erimem of Shaking vndir ivater, when the Voice is redu- 
ced to fuch an Extreme Exility, yet the Articul.ite sounds ^ (which are 
the >fvr<//, )arc not confounded ; as hath bccnc faid. 

Iconceiue, thuan Extrem; Sm4H, or an Extreme Great Sound, cannot 
be Afticuhte j But that the ArticuUtion requircch a Mediocrity o{ sound: 
For that the Extreme SvtjU Sound confoundeth the Articulation by Ceo- 
traBi/ig ; And the Great Souidy by Di(^erfing : And although (as was for- 
merly laid) a Sound ArticuUtt^ already created, will becontrafted into 
a finall Cranny j yet the hrft Articulation requireth more Dimenfion. 

It hath beeni.' obferncd, that in^ Reome, ox in a Cha^pell, Vaulted be- 
low, and Vaulted liktwiie in the Roofe, a Preacher cannot be heard Co 
well, as in the lite Places not fo Vaulted. The CaufciSj forthatthe 5»^ 
fequent irords come on, before the Precedent frords vanifti : And there- 
fore rlic Articulate sounds arc more confufed, though theGrofleof the 
5tf*»4 be greater. 

TbcMotiensof thcTon^ue^ Lips^^PdllattScc.which goe to the 
^/jilr/«g of the (cuerall Alpbjl;etictll Letters, are worthy Enquiry, and per- 
tinent to the prefcnt li/quijitionoi' Sounds : liut becaufe they are fubtill, 
and long to dcfciibe, we will refer them oucr, and place them amongft 
iht Experiments of speech. The Hebrewes hauebeene diligent in it, and 
hauealligned, \v\\\ch.Lett:rsAxc La/>i'ill^ which Df»/4fl, which G«r/<iir4//, 
&c. As forrhe Latiucs, and Grecians, they haue diftinguifhedbctweene 
Semi-'vowels, and Mutes \ And in Mutes, betwcenc Mnti Tennes, Meditt, 
and Afpirats -, Not amide ; But yet not diligently enough. For the fpc- 
ciall strokos, and Motions, th it create thofe Sounds, they haue little enqui- 
red : As that xhcLetKrs^B.P.F.M. are not exprcfled, but with the Con- 
tr^Bing, ot shuttino odhc Mouth. That the Letters N. and Z?. cannot be 
pronounced, but that the Letter N. will turne into A/. As Hecatonba^ will 
he Hcc.itombs. That //. and T. cannot be pronounced together, but P. 
willccMiic bctwef^oej as Emtu4, i« pr^wounccd Emptiu ; And a Number 
of the like. Sothar if vou enquire to the full; you will finde, that to the 
Making of the whole Alphabet, there will be (cwex Simple Motions requi- 
red, than there are Letters. , 

The Langs are the moft Spongy Part of the Body; And therefore 
ablefttocontradt, and dilate it felfc; And where it contradcth it fclfc, 

F it 









!J\(aturatt Hifiory: 

it cxpellcth the Aire ; which thorow the Artire^ Thr».n^ and Mouth, ma- 
keththe^w*: But yet Art}cul<itioiai% not made, but with the hclpe of i 
the TtHguCy PdUcit, and the reft of thofe they c^W Infiraments oii'dce. 

There is found a Similitude, betwecne the Sciind that is made by 

Inanimate Bcdies^ or by Ammste Btdies, that haue no raiee Articulate ; and 

diuers Letters of Articulate Voices : And commonly Men haue giuen fuch 

Names to thofe Soandsy as doe allude vnto the Articulate Letters. As 

Tremblii^ oi Water hath Rcfcmblance with the Letter L j QuenchtHg of 

Hot Metals yV/ixh the Letter Z ; Snarling of Dogs^ with the Letter R ^ The 

Noiferf SeritchewleSy with the Z#/Jfr Sh; Voice oi Cats, with the T)//*- 

/j&w^Eui Voice oiCHckoes, with the Dypthon^ Ouj 5o*«</j^ oi strings^ 

with the £*««' Ng : So that if a Man, (for Curiofity, or StrangenefTe 

fake) would makeaF*/^ft, or other Dead Body, to pronounce a w'^ri j 

Let himconfidcr, on the one Part, the Motion of the Inftrnments 

oi Voice i and on the other part the like Sounds made in/»- 

■animaie Bodies-^ And what Conformity there is that cau- 

fcthtkc Similitude of Sounds-^ And by that hee 

may miniftet light to that Effcift . 




HI. Century, 

%;^-f^;??x^ L L ^M«<i/(whatfocuer)inouc Round 3 That is to fav; 
c . .1. , ^cN^.|^ Onall sides j Upwards ^ Doveow*rds -^^trwiris ;aiid 
B>ick€W»rds. This appcarcth in all injt.iticg 

S funds Jot not rcqii ire to be conucyed to the Snfe^ 
ix\A Right Line ^ isytfiifles dor, bvK mAvbccyi rched ; 
Though it be trLJCjthey mouc Itrongeft in a Ri{^ht lim^ 
which ncucrthcleflfc is not caufcd bv the kighttKJjeoi 
the Z.^**, but by the ShortnetTc of thcdiltancc- LituartB* brtmj\\m*.hy\i\ 
therefore wee lcc,ifaA^''4//bccbctwccne,andyou (pcakeon thconcSide, 
you hcare it on the other; Which is not bccaufc the Sound pafll-th thorow 
the ivM J but Atthetk oucr the p^dl. 

If the StHndbcQ Stopped and Keperc»fed^ itcommcth about on the other 
Side, in an Oiiliqin: Liite. So, if ina rwc;&, one Side of thcBootbedown*.-, 
and the other vp •, And a Beg2;arbeg on the Clofe Side ; you would 
thinkc that he were on the Open Side.So likevvi{e,ifa or Bed Clockt^bc(ihr 
Example) on the North-fide of a Chamber ; And the Window of that 
Chas nber be vpon the South ; Hcc that is in the Chamber will thinkc 
the Sfiund came from the South. # 

SoH»ds thou<?,h they Jpread round, (fo that there is an Orbe or Spho-icill 
.I'leJoi^zhcSoittid ^ ) yet they moucftrongeft, andg;oe fiirthcft in tbq 
Fore-lities^ from the firft Locall Impulfion of the Aire. And therefore 
in Prcichtng, you fhall hearc the Preachers Voice, better before the Pulpit 
thanbchindcit, or on the Sides, though it ftandopcn. SoaHar/jmi^uc, 
or Ordnance , will be further heard ^ forwards/ran the Mouth of the iVw<r, 
thanbackw.irds,oronihe Sides. 

It may bee doubted , that bounds doc moue better Dowftivarils 
F 2 than 

m CoBfuit 
(ouching the 
Mtticiu of 
Stundi, in what 









in Confort, 
touching the 
U[iing & Peri' 
And touching 
the Tnsf they 
require toiheir 




thanVpwards. FulpitsnTc placed high abouc the People. Aiul when die 
I Ancient GeoersUs fpake to their Armies, they hjd euer a MoLUit of furfc 
caftvp, whereupon they ftood : But this may bee iiiiputcdto the Stops 
and Obftacles, which the voice mceteth with,whcn one fpeakctli vpon the 
leucll. But there fecmeth to bee more in it : For it may bee, that S^rita^U 
Speties^ b(X.ho{ Things yijiHe and Sounds , doe mouc better Downewnrds 
thanVpwards. It is a Ilrange Thing, that to Menilanding below on the 
Ground, tho(c that bee on the Top of Pauls, (ecmcmuchlefle thant'acy i 
are, and cannot bee knowne j But to Men abouc, thofe below {ecme no ■ ' 
thing fo much leffencd, and may be knowne , yet iz is true, that all things | 
to them abouc, fceme alfo fomewhat contraAed, and Better colkded I 
into Figure : As Kn»ts in Gdrdetts (hew bell from an Vpper- w indow, or 

But to make anexad Trial! of it, let a Man ftand inaChdmher^ not 
much aboue the Ground,and fpeakc out at the window, thorow a Tranke, 
to one {landing on the ground, asfoftly ashcecan, the other laying his 
Eare clofe to the Trmtke : Then via verf4 , let the other fpeake helaiw kee 
pingthefame Proportion of Softneflcj And let him in the C^»»!jAer lay 
his Eare to the7>*»it^.* And this maybeetheapte(tMeanes,comakea 
ludgemcnt, whether Surnds defccnd, or afcend , better. 

AFter that StiHulis created (\vhich is in a moment) wee finde it con- 
tinueth fome fmall time, melting by little &v.d little. In this there is 
a wonderful] Errouramongft Men, who take thistobeeaC<j»//«o<«rtfof 
the Firll Stmad : whereas (in truth) it is a Renou.itiott^ and not a CMttinu- 
(uue : For the Eedy pereuffed^ hath by reafon of the Per cation ^ a Trcpidatiep 
wroHghtin the Minute Parts j and fo reneweth the Percujffim ohhe Aire. 
This appcarcth manifeftly , becaufe that the Melting Soando'L a Bell, or 
ofa String ftrucken, which is thought to be a Coi$ti»tiAPce^ ccafcthas fbon 
astheBeUor String are touched. As in a Virginatl, asfoone ascuer the 
lacke fallcth ; and toucheth the String, the Sound ccafeth \ And in a Bell 
/ after you haue chimed vpon it, if you touch the Bell, the Sous ^cc^( 
And in this you muftdiftinguifh, that thercarc ivfoTiepidaitm : The 
oneManifeftandLocall ; Asof the Bell, whenit ispenfile : The otherj 
Si crer,of the Minute Parts^ fuch as is defcribed in the ninth Inftance.Bur | 
it is true, thatrhe LmjU helpcth the Secret greatly. Wee fee likervrifc: that | 
in Pipes, and other wind-Inftruments, thci"#«»i/lan:ethnolon^crj than j 
#ie breath blowcth. It is true, that in Organs, thereis aconfufed Murmur ; 
for a while, after you haue plaicd ; But diat is but while the Bellovves are 
in Falling. 

.It is certainc, that in the NItjfe of great Ordnance ^ where many 
are fhot off together, the 5#«(»<< will bee carried, (atthclcaft) twenty 
Miles vpon the Land^ and much further vpon the Water. Butthcn it 
will come to the Eare j Not in the Inftant of the Shooting olf, but ir 
Will come an Houre, or more later. This mull needs becaCff»;/»a4wcc»f 
thcFzr^.f*i»/w/; For there is no 7>^»iid</>w which fhould renew it. And 
the j 

Centurj. 111. 

the Touching of the Oidnance would not cxtinguilli the-y^m;^ rheifbo- 
rer : So that in great Sounds the Conttntmnce is more than Momcn- 

To try ex.ift!v the time wherein Scund is DeUtcS^ Leta Man ftand in 

' A Stceplc,and haue with him a Taper ; And let fome Vailc bee put be- 

I fore the I ajer j And let anoiherman lUndin the Ficlda Mile off. Then , 

\ let him in the Sti eple ftrike the Bell 5 And in the fame Inftant with-draw 

ibeVailc • And lb let him in the Field tcUbyhisPulfcwhatdiiknceof 

1 Time theieis, bctweenethe Ligh$ (etne, and the SoHndHe*ri : For it is 

I cerraine chat the Debtton of Light is in an Inlf ant. This may bee tried in 

: farrcgrcatcrDilUnccs,allowing greater L/gk/ and ^tfjMfei/. ' 

■ It 1 s yenerallv knowne and obfcrucd, that Lif^hi and the Obiefl o( Sight, 

moi'c fwiftcr than Seund \ For wee Ice the FUffj of a Pcccc is fcenc fooner 

than the A>//«r is heard . And in hewing wood, if one be fbmc diftance off, 

he ilialHcc the Arme lifted vp fora Jccond Stroke, before hce hearc the 

Noi(c of the titrt. And the gi^eatcr the Diftance,thc greater is the Preuen- 

tion ; As wee lee in T luindcr which is farrc off j where the Lightning Pre- 

ccdcth the Grack e a good (pace. 

Coltttrs, when they reprefcnt rhemfelues to the Eye, fade not, nor 
melt not by Degrees, Dutappeare itillin the fame ftrength .* HvtSeiutds 
melt, and vaniih^ by little and little. Thecaufeis, for that C<»/tf»rr par- 
ticipate nothing with the itf*/;** of the vi/rr ; but St»nds doc. And It is 
a plaine Argument, that Sound participateth of (bme LcatU Motion^ of 
the yfire(i$ a Caufe Sine tjna ntn^) in that, it perillieth fo (ijddenly ; For 
ineiicrySedion, or Impulfionof thcvfjr^, the Aire dothfuddenly re- 
rtorc and reunite it felfc • which the >yMer alfo doth , but nothing fo 

In the TrialLsof i\\cTaf]'age,ox'b{pt PajfageQ^ Sounds ^ you 
muiH take heed, you millakc not the PajSing by the Sides of a 
Body, for the Pdfing tborow a Body : And therefore you muft 
make the Intercepting Body veryclofe -, For.9fl>«W will paflTc 
thorow a f «aiall Chincke, 

Where Sound pafleth thorow a H4rd^ ox CU ft Body (as thorow /fvr/^r- 
thorow aH-W/; thorow Ji/«<i//,as in Hawkcs Bells flopped, S:c.)the Hird, 
or ('to ft Btf<i/;, mult bee but thin and fmill ; Forelfeitdcadeth andextin- 
guiiTictli the .•> w»^\ ttcrly. And therefore ni the Experimmt 0^ Speaking in 
Aire v»d(T h gter^ the Voice nuift not be very deepe wkffin the H'ater: For 
then the Sound \''n:rcQth nor. Sa if you fpeakeon the further fideofa Clofe 
irall^ if t'.ie M-'j// be very thicke, you iTi'^U not be heard : And if thi re were 
an Hogflicad empty, whctcof the Sides were fome two Foot thickc, and 
thebunghole flopped ; IconcciuethcRefounding Sound , by the Tm^w*- 
»/Vj/.'#/»of the Ouin-ard Air(,\vixh the Atrewithin^ would be little or none • 
But onely mi lliall heare the Nmfe cif the Outward Knocke , as if the Vef- 
fell were full. 
F 3 It 





m Coaibrc 
touching I he 




^J\(aturalJ Hislvry : 





touching (he 
Medium »f 



It is certainc, that in the PaJJageoi Sotrnds^ ch.orow tJdrd I'.tdiff, the 
Spirit or Pneimiaticall Part of the Hard Bociyiticlfcj dochco'Opcrate; 
I But much bcttcr,when the fides ofthaf//4r</Btf^/ are (triicke, than when 
the Perciiffion is only within, without Touch of the Sides.Takc therefore 
aHawkcsBell, the holes flopped vp, and hang it by a thrted, within a 
Bottle Glafle j And (top the Mouth of the Glafte, very clofe with Wax ; 
And thcnfhake thcGlalTe, and fee whether the Bellgiue anySMndat 
all, or how wcakc ? But note, that you muft in ftead of tlie Threcd take a 
Wire . Or elle let the Glafle haue a great Belly j Iclt when you fhake the 
Bell, it dafh vpon the Sides of the Glafle. 

It is plaitie, that a very Lpag, and Dtwn-rifiht Arch, for the Souiti to 
paflc, will extinguish the 5tf«»</ quite j So that that Souwd^ which would 
beheardoueraWalljWillnotbeheardoueraChurch ; Nor that J'#»»irf, 
which will bee heard, ifyouftandforacdiftance from the Wall, willbec 
heard ifyouftand dole vnder the Wall. 

Soft and F»r»mitn»s Bodies^ in the fir ft Cre*iif» of the Sound, will dead 
it ; For the Striking again (I Cloth, or Furre, will make iittlc So^trd j As 
hath beene faid : But in the P^f^ge of the Sound, they will ad^nit it better 
than Harder Bodies j As wee fee, that Cuttaioes, and Hangings, will not 
ftay the SoMndmuch ; But Glafle-windowcs, if they bee very Clofe, will 
chcckc a Sound mate, than the like Thickncflc of Cloth. Wee fee alfo, in 
the Rumbling of the Belly , how eafily the Sonnd pafleththordw the Guts, 
and Skin. 

It is worthy the Enquiry, whether GrtMt Sounds (Asof Ordnance, or 
Bells) become not more }ve4ke, and Exile ^ when they pafl!e thorow Smo& 
Crannies. For the SnbtUties oi Articulate Sounds (it may be) may paflc tho- 
row 5»48CMm/>j^ notconfufed ; Butthc .^4g»i/*</(f of the 5*«»^ (per- 
haps) not fo well. 

THe Mediums o[SMnds are Mre j Soft and Porow Bodies • AlCo crater. 
And ffard Bodies refiile not altogether to be Mediums oi Sounds. But 
all of them are dull and vnapt Deferents, except the Aire. 
I In Aire, theThinnet or Drier Aire, carrieth not the Sounci fo well, as 
the more Denfc ; As appcareth in i\r/^^< 5*»»<^j ; AndEueniug Sounds-^ 
AndJ*«»</iinmoiftWcarher, andSouthcrne Winds. The reafon is al- 
ready mentioned in the Title o^Maiontion o[ Sounds ; Being for that Jhin 
y^;V<r is better pierced \ but Thtcke -«4/V^ preferucth the S#«»^ better from 
I W^aft ; Lctfurther Triallbcemadeby Hollowing, inMifts, and Gentle 
{ Showers : For(ifmay be) that will fomewhat dead the Sound. 

How farre forth Flame may bee a Medium of Sounds (cfpecially of fuch 
Sounds as are created by Aire, and not betwixt hard Bodies) let it bctricd^ 
in speaking where a Bonfireis betweene ; But then you muft allow,for fome 
difturbance, the If^fe that the Flameii felfe makcth. 

Whether any other Liquors, being made Mediums, caule a Diuer- 
iityof ^#«»</from fvater, it may bee tried : As by the Knapping of the 
Tongs J Or Striking of the Bottome of a Veflelljfilled either with Milkc, 



Qenttirj I i L 

or wich Oyle, which though they be n\ore light, yet arc they marc vn- 
equall Bodies than Aire. 

Of the NutuTcsofthe Mediums ^wc haue mwfpoken-^^s for the Difpo- 
ficion of th4fjid Mediums, it eUth c-on^iji in the PtHning^ or not Pemiing of 
the hixc i Of -which wee hiuefpokenbefore^ in the Title e/ Delation */ 
Soundr. 1 1 conJijletl» alfo in the Figure of the QonQAue, thorew vhtch it 
pjffeth J Of which wee willfpe-ike next. 

How the Figures o( Pipes , or Concaues, thorow which 
Sounds ^iiic ; Of of other Bodies different ; conduce to the 
Variety and Altcruionof thc5ow»^/ ; Either in rcfpctfl of the 
Greater §)uantity^ or lejfe §)Uintity of Aire, which thcQon 
cauesxcQiii\ic ; Or in tc(pc^ of the Carrying q( Sounds longer 
or lliortcr way ; Or in rcfpcdl of many other Qircumftances i 
they hauc bccne touched, as falling jnto other T/?/<?i'. Bjt 
chofc F/^«r<rj, which we now arc to fpcake of, we intend to 
be, as they coQccrnc the Lines thorow which Sound p^Scih; 
As Straight ; Crooked; Angular ; Circular j &c. 

The Figure ofa ndl partakcth of the ^ymmis, but yet cotnrning off, 
and dilating more fuddcnly.The Figure ofa Hunters //*r/zf ,and Cornet, 
is oblique- yet they haue likewife straight Hemes •, which if they be ot 
the lame Bore with the Oblique, differ little in Soitnd ; Sauc that the 
I Straight require fomewhat a ftrongcr Blaft. The Fig'tres of Remtkrs, 
and Flutes, And Pipes are ftraight-,But the Recorder hath a lefreBore,and 
a grcatcfj Abouc,and bclow.The Trumpet hath the Figure of the Letter 
S : which miketh that Purling Stu»d,&cc. Generally, the Stniight Line 
hath the cleaaeft and rounded 5o*«^jand the Crookcdihc more Hoarfe, 
and larring. 

I Ofa Sinuoui Pipe, thit may haue fome fourc Flexions, Trial! would 
be made. Likewife odPipe, made like a Crojfe, open in the middeft. 
And fo likewife ofany4/7g«/wr Pz/jf : And (cc what will be the Efiedlscf 
thcfc fcucrall Sounds. And lb againe ofa circnUr ripe-, As if you take a 
/»/pf pcrfcftRbund, and make a Hole whcreinto you Ilia 11 blow j And 
another Hole not farre from thatjBut with a Traucrfc or Stop between 
them J So that your breath may goe the Round of the C/Vr/f,and come 
forth at the ftxond Hole. You may trie likewife percufnom of SoUdc 
Bodies o{ feuc rail Fignrcs , As Globes, Flats fiubes,Crof[cs, Triangles, ^c. 
And their Cov;/'/«jm«/jAsf/jf againft Fht; And co^a.'-.vagainil Con- 
ucsy And rfl««f.vagainfl f/./f,&c,And marke well rhc diueriitiesof the 
Souiid^.'Xnc alio the difference in Soundoi feuerall Crjjftudej of Hard 
Bodies percufTcd, And take knowledge ofrhediuerfitiesof the Sounds. 
lmyfcirchauetryed,thata5e//of6'fl/^ yecldeth an excellent ^(i/<«i, 
not infcriour to that of ^/7««-,or£r.j/^f, but rather better.-yet we fee that 

a pcccc 


in Confort, 
what the Fi- 
(tutifit (he 
^tdici DiftrM 
conduce to che 





in Confoit, 
Mixturt of 






^hQjturall Hifiory: 

pecce of Money of Cold found<.th farrc* more flat rhsin a pcccc of Mo. 
ncy of Siluer. 

The //.?rpf hath the Cowrja*", not along the 5;/7«gyj but acrofll-the 
Strings-^ And no Injirumtnt hath the Sound Co Mclfing,aHd I^olonscd 
as the Irijb Harpe.SoAs I fiippofc, that if a rirgimll wtre made with a 
double Concane-^xhc one all the length as rhc ytrginall hathjthe other at 
the End of the strings ^z% the Harpe haihjlt niuit needs make the Sound 
perfeAer,and not lo Shallow,and larring. You may trieit,withour any 
Sound-Board along, but only Harpe-wife, at one end of the strinvs : 
Or laftly with a double Concatte^ at Each end of the Strings one. 

THere is an apparent Diuerfity between the Species rifiile^and Aur- 
dille, in this j That the n'jilfU doth not mingle in the Medium but 
the Audibledoth. For if we lookc abroad, we Ice Heauenja number of 
Srarres, Trees, Hills, Men, Bcafts, at once. And the Species of the one 
doth not confound the other. But if fo many founds came from feue- 
rall Parts,oneofthem would vttcrly confound the other. So wee fee 
that reices , or Conforts oiMuftcke doc make an Harmony by Mixture 
which Celours doc notJt is true ncuerthelefle, that a great Light drow ' / 
ncth a fmallcr, that it cannot be feenc; As the Sume that of a aloworme- t 
as well as a Great Sound drowneth a lefTer. And I fuppofe likewile that [ 
if there were two Lanthornes of GlafTe, theonea Crimfin, and thco- 
ther an Azure, and a Candle within either of them, thofe Coloured 
Lights would mingle,and caft vpon a White Paper a Purple Colour. 
And euen in Colours^ they yecld a faint and wcake Mixture For white 
walls makcRoomes more lightfomc than black e,&c.But the Caufc of 
the Confujion in Soundsyind the Inconfufion in Species rifdle,is. For that 
the Sight worketh in Right Lines, and maketh fcuerall Cones ; And fo 
there can be no Coincidence in the Eye,or Vifuall Point ; But Sounds 
thatmoucin Oblique and Arcuate Lines, muft needs encounter, and 
difturbe the one the other. 

The fweeteft and beft Harmony is, when eucry P.jrt, or tn^rument^ 
is not heard by it felfe, but a Conflation of them allj Which reqnireth 
to ftand fome diftance off.Euenas it is in the Mixture of Perfumes. Or 
the Taking of the Smells of feuerall Florcersm the Aire. 

The DifpoJitionoUhc Aire^ in other jQ^dities^ except icbeioyned 
with Sounds hath no great Operation vpon Sounds : For whether the 
Aire be lightfome or darke,hot or cold, quiet or ftirring , (excepc it be 
with Noife ) fwcct-fmcUing, or Itinking, or the like ; it importcth not 
much ; Some petty Alteration or difference it may make. 

But Sounds doe difturbe and alter the one the other : Sometimes the 
one drowning theother^ and making it not heard j Sometimes the one 
larring and difcording with the other ,and making a Confufioni Some- 
times the one Mingling and Compoundmg with the other, and ma- 
king an Harmony. 

Two roices of like/W»e/, will not be heard, twice as far,as one 


(^eiitiiij I i i. j 

of them alone •, AiulivvocW/fx oflikc'iighr,virill ndr m.ike Things j 
Iccnc twice as farrc oif, as one. riic Caule is protoun^l ; Biu it Iccintcfi f 
that the Imprejiio/is^ixota. the OhicHi ot'the St/ifrs ^dj )ki>i-ile reloediue- 1 
i lyieuery one with his kindc j But not in proporuon, as is before dc- 
' monllraied : And the reafon may be,txcaufe the finl: Jifipnjsion^which 
\ is from Pr i ii4t to JBiuty^ As from Silence to Noifc^or trom D.irhtcJJ'e 
to L;j^/.>f,)is a greater Degree, thai from Lejjh Nvife, to More Nolfc, or 
'* hQmLtJJtlightj to More lifht. And the Keafon ot tharagainc ii\ny 
bc; For liiat tlic Atrty after it hath rcceiueda Charge,doih not rccciue 
, a SurchargCjOr greater Charge, widi like Appetite, as it doth the firft 
■ Charge. As for the Encrcaie ot Vcrttic, generally, what Proportion it 
[ beareih to the Encreafe of the Macier,it is a large field,and to be hand- 
' led by it fclfe. 

\ A LL Rcjieciionx Concurrent doe make io.Wr Greater ; But if the 
I jTjLBudy thJc createth, cither, the Original! Sound, or the Reji: Hion, 
I becleane and fmooth,it maketh them Sweeter. Tryall may be made ot 
a Lute ox r/o//,withthcBelly ofpoliflicd Branl-jin (kad of VV'ood.Wc 
lee that euen in the open Aire, the mre String is iWceter , than the 
Jfr«gof<J*t/.Audwefeethacfor Ac/?fxifl«, w«ff/' excellcth -, As in 
Ai't'ic/ce nearc the fv.ner ; Or in Eccho's. <. • . -" • 1' 

It hath been trycd, that a Pipe a little morftncd.on riie inCIdcjbnt yet 
fo .IS there be no Drops left, maketh a more folcmne sound^ than if the 
Pipe were dric; But yet with a Iwcet degree oisihiliniod or Purliiv- As 
we touched it bctorc in the title oiEqudifw The C^aule is, for that all 
j Things PorouSjbcing iliperficiaily wet,and ( as it ivere) bctweene dric 
and wet, become a little more Euen and Smooth ; But the Purling, 
( which mud: needs proceed of Inequality,) I take ro be bred berwecne 
the SmoothneflTeof the iaward Surfaceof the i^/p, which is wet , And 
the Reft of the Wood of the pipe, vato which the Wet commeth nor, 
but it rcmaincth drie. 

lu Fropc iveJthcr, ^iaficke within doores foundeth better. Which 
may bc,by reafon, nor of the Difpofition of the Aire, but of the ivooi 
ori'fW;;^oi-'the/v//;tf/;/c«f, whichis made more Crifpe, audfomore 
porous and hollow ; And wee fee tharOW Lwtes found better than 
.V(.-7r/or the fame reafon. And fo doc Lute-Jirings that haue beene kept 

So:tihi is lilewifc MeliorJrcJhy the Mi»gling of open Jirc with Pc-n 
Am'; Thereibre Tryall nuy be made of a Lute or fiolUvkh a double 
Belly -^ Miking another Belly with a Krtor oucr rhc Strings- . yet fo, a> 
there b^-Rooiue enough lor the Strings, and Roomc enough tof pl.iy 
bci'ow that Belly. TruUawy bcmadealfoof an JrifJj H^irpe, with rf 
CojKalie on both Sides ; Whereas it victh to haue it but on one Side. 
Tbd doubt may be,lcft it fhould raaketoo much Rcfoirnding • where- 
Ibv one More would oiiert.ike another. 

j Kvw ling into the Hole of a Drmime, k maketh the Singing more 


couching Mclf 
ortuisB of 









in Confon 
coaching ihe 

Imitation of 



5N^turalI Hifiory: 


fweet. And lb I conceiuc it would, it it were a Song in Parts, fun^ into 
(eiicrallDr«»;j j And for handfomnefle andftrangcneflefakCjit would 
not be amiflc tohauea Curtaine bctwcenethe Place where the Drums 
are, and the Hearers. 

When a sound is created in a mnd-Jnfirument^ betweene the Breath 
and the ^/Vfjyetifthei'o//*^ be communicate with araoreequall Bo- 
dic of the pife^it meliorateth the SomcL For ( no doubt) tterc would be 
a differing Sound in a Trumpet,or Pife o(Wood'^And againc in a Trum- 
pet or Pipe oiBrajfe. It were good to trie Recorders and Hunters Hemes 
o[ Brajffe ^wbit the Sound would be. 

Sounds are meliorated by the Jntenfiony ohbeSenfe ; where the Com- 
mon Senfe is colieded moft, to the Particular Senfe o( Hearings and the 
^■/VAf fufpcndcdrAnd thereforCj5o««^ are fwcetcr,(as well as greater,) 
in the Night, than in the Day-^ And I fuppofejthcy are Tweeter to blinde 
Men, than to Others : And it is maniteft, thatbetweene sleeping and 
Wakings ( when all the Senfes are bound and (iifpended)M»/>fy^f is farre 
fwccter, than when one '\%.fuUy tvaking, 

{TisaThingftrangein Nature, when it is attentiuely confidercd^ 
How children and Ibme £/r^j,lcarne to imitate Speech. They take no 
Marke ( at all ) of the Motion of the Mouth of Him that "fpeakcth ^ For 
Birds are as well taught in the Darke,as by Light.The Sounds oi Speech 
are very Curious and ExquifiterSoonc would thinke it were a Leflbn 
hard tolearnc. It is irue,that itis done with time, and by little and lit- 
tle,andwith manyEffayes and Proffers: But all this difchargcth not 
the would make a Man thinke(thoughthis which we fhall 
fay may fceme exceeding ftrangc) that there KCoiaeTranfmijj'io/io( 
Spiriisjand that theS^jVitjofthc Teacher ^[An inMotion,{hould worke 
with the Spirits of the Learner, a Pre-difpofition to offer to imi- 
tate 5 And fo to perfc6t the Imitation by degrees. Bwt touching Opera- 
tions by Tranfmifsions oi Spirits ( which is one of thchigheft Seciets in 
Nature,)we ftiall fpeakein due place ^ Chiefly when wee come to en- 
quire oilmagin.ition. But as for lmitation,it is certainc, that there is in 
Men, and other Creatures, a predifpofition to y»/;wtf , Wccfeehow 
readie Apes and Monkies are. to m/wte all Motions of Man ; And in 
the Catching of Dottrells, we fee, how the Foolifii Bird playeth the 
Ape in Geftures ; And no Man ( in effetfl ) doth accompany wirh o- 
thcrs,but hee learneth, ( ere he is aware, ) fome Gefture, or Voice, or 
Fartiion of the other. 

In Imitation o( Sounds, that Man ftiould be the Teacher, is no Part of 
the Matter j For 5/V^ will learne one of another • And there is no Re- 
wardjby feeding, or the like giuen them for the Imitation, And befides, 
you fhall haue Parrots, that will not only imitate Voyces, but Laugh- 
ing jKnocking,Squeaking of a Doorevpon the Hingesj orofaCart- 
wheelc ; And ( in effe»ft ) any other Noife they heare. 

No Beafi can imitate the Speech of iVli»,but Birds onely jFor the Ape 


Qentury. III. 


it (elfe,that is fo ready to imit-ue ochcrwile,attainech noc any degree of 
/-w;wWo« of Speech. It is true, thatlhauc knowneaDog, thatifone 
howled in his Eare^he woiild fal a howling a great whilc:What fhould 
be the Aptnede of jB/Wj,incompariron,of ^w^/^to imitate the Speech 
o^Mun, may be further enquired.We Ice that^w^j haue thofe Parts, 
which they count the/«^r«wf«t/of5/>ffr/;,(asZ,/])j,T<?«/;,&:c.)Iikervnr. 
to ^/j«,than Birds. As for the Ned-e^by which xheThront paflltbjwe fee 
many Sm/?/ haue it, for the Length, as much as Birds. What better 
Gor^f , or Attire, B;V^j haue,may befurthcr enquired.The 5ir^x thatarc 
Icnownetobc SpcakcTS^zre p.irrets^Pyes^ljyes^DaweSjindRauens. Of 
which Parrots haueanadunquc Bill, but the reft not. 

But I concciue, that the ^ptnejfe of Birdsy is notfo much in the ro«- 
firmityoithe Organs o{ Speech, as in their Attention. For Speech mxiH 
come by Hearing and Learning -And 5;V^/giue more heed, and marke 
Sounds^ more than Be.z/?.r 5 bccaufc naturally they are more delighted 
with them, and pradife them morej As appeareth in their sin^ng.We 
{cc alfo, that thofe that teach Birds to ling, doc keep them Waking, to 
increafe their Attention, We fee alfo thatCoclr-Birds amongft Sinking" 
Birds, arc eucr the better Singers-^ which may be, bccaufc they are more 
Iiuely,and liften more. 

Labour, and Intentiento imitJtc voices, doth conduce rtluch to /;«/- 
(«/««: And therefore we fee,that there be ccrtaine Pantemimt,that\vil\ 
reprefent the voices c& players of Enterludes,^o to life,as if you fee them 
not, you would thinke they were thofe players themfcluesj And fo the 
Voices of other Men that they heare. 

There haue beene fome, that could dountcrfeic the Dijlanceof Voi- 
ces ( which is a Secondary ObieH of Hearing) in fuch fort ^ As when they 
ftand faft by you, you would thinke the speech came from afarrc off, in 
afcarcfull manner. How this is done, maybe further enquired. But I 
feenogrcatvfeofitj but for Impoiturc, in counterfeiting Ghofts or 

There be three Kinds of Reflexions of Sounds; A ReflcKi- 
on Concurrent ^ A Reflexion Iterant^ which vtc call Eecbo i And 
a Super-reflextion^ or an Eccho of an Eccho i vfUetcoi the firft 
hath becnc handled in the Title of Magnitude oi Sounds : The 
Latter two we will now fpcakc of. 

The Reflexion o( Species rifilfle,byMirroitrs,you may commandjBe* 
caufe paiTmg in Right Lines, they maybe guided toany Point.* But the 
Reflexion o{ Sounds is hirdtomader ; Bccaufethc Sound filUng great 
Spaces in Arched Lines, cannot be fo guided : And therefore we fee 
there hath not beene pra^^ifed, any Mcanes to make Artiflciall Eccho' f» 
And no Eccho already knowne teturncth in a very narrow Roomc. 

The Naturall Eccho' s are made vport trails, fveods, Rocket, Hills, and 
Bankes, As for tyatcrs, being ncerc, they make a Concurrent Eccho j But 


i . TJ- — ■ ■ ■ t. — ■ » ' ^ 




in Confort 
touching che 

Rtfiexitu, ef 



66 \ 






being further off(as vpon a large Riuer) they make an Jterant £c(he:¥oT 
there is no difference oeiweene thtCeKcurrentEcchoy^tid the/terantjoui 
the Quicknefle,or SIownefTeofthe Rcturne.But there is nodoubt,but 
water doth help ihe Delation oiEccho j as well as it helpeth the Delation 
of Originall Sounds. 

Itiscertaine ( as hath bcene formerly touched, thatifyoiifpeake 
thorow a Trmkcy ftopped at the further end, you fliall finde a Blaft re- 
turnevponyourMouthj bntno^oaWatall. TheC<z«/Jis, forthat the 
Clofmejfey which preferueth thf Originall^[% not able to preferue the Re- 
fleBed Sound ;Befides that Eccho's iire feldome created but by loud 
Sounds. And therefore there is lefTe hope of ^rf/j?«W/£ff/)oa in yiire^ 
pent inanarrowConcaue.Neuertheleflcithathbmtricdjthat One lea- 
ning ouer a weU^ of 2 5.Fathomc decpjand fpeakingjthough but foftly, 
( yet not lo foft as a whifper ) the water returned a good AitdiUe Eccho. 
It would be tried whether Speaking in CaueSy where rherc is no Ifluej 
(aue where you fpeafee, will not yeeld Eccho s^ as ^ells doe. 

The Eccho comnjcth as the Originall Sound doth, in a Round Orbe of 
Aire : It were good to try the Creating of the Ecchd^ where the Body 
Rcpcrcuffing maketh an Angle ; Asagainft the Returne of a Wall, 
&c. Alfo we fee that in Mirrours, there is the like Angle of Incidence, 
from the Obiedto the GlafTe, and from the Glaflc to the Eye. And if 
you ftrike a £^// fide-long, not full vpon the Surface, the Rebound will 
be as much the contrary way j Whether there be any fuch RefiUeme in 
Eccho's^ (that is, whether a Man fhall heare better, if he (land afide the 
Body RepercufTingjthan if he ftand where he fpeaketh,or any where in 
a right Line betweenej) may be tried. Triall likewife would be made, 
by Itanding neerer the Place of Rcpcrcuffing, than hee that fpeakethj 
And againe by {landing further off, than he that fpeaketh ; And fo 
Knowledge would be taken,whether Eccho's ji'i well as Orignall Sounds ^ 
be not ftrongeft neere hand. 

There be many Places, where you fliall heare a Number of Eccho's 
one after another ; And it is when there is variety o^ Hills ov woods, 
fome neerer, fome further off; So that the Returne from the furthcr,be- 
ing laft created, will be likewife lafl heard. 

As the roice goeth round, as well towarcfs the Backe, as towards the 
Front of him that fpeaketh ; So likewife, doth the £ff/joj For you haue 
many "Bick-Eccho'sy to the Place where you ftand. 

To make an fcr^o, that will report, three, or foure, or fiue Words, 
diftindly, itisrcquifite,thattheJorf)) Repercuffingy be a good di fiance 
off; For ifit be neere, and yet not fo neere, asiQ make aConcurrentEc- 
choy itchoppcth with you vpon the fudden.It is rcquifite likewife, that 
the Aire be not much pent. For Aire^ at a great diftance, pent, worketh 
the fame effeft with Aire, at larie, in a fmall diftance. And therefore in 
the Triall 0^ Speakingin the wel^ though the fVell was deepe, the roice 
came backc, fuddenly ; And would beare the Report but of two 



Qenturj, 1 1 i. 

For Euho's vpon Etcha's, there is a rarelnltance chcreol: in a Place, 
which I will now cx.idly defcrib'c. Icis fonierhree or foure Miles from 
P4r«, necrca Towne called Point-charcutan ;^ And lomc Bird- bole Hi or, 
or more, Ironi the Riiier of Sei»e. The Roo:ne is a ChsppcU^ or fmall 
church. The Walls all ihnding, both at the Sides, and at the Ends. Tvm 
Rowcs of Pillars, afcef the manner of Illes of Churches, aifo itandin^ ; 
TheRoofe all open, not lo much as any cmbowment ncere any of the 
walls left. There againtl eiiery Pillar, a Stackcof BillctSj abouea 
Mans Height ; which the \\'atcrmcn, that bring Wood downs the 
Sennem Stacks, and not in Boats, laid there (as itfeemcth) for their 
cafe. Speaking at the one End, I did hcare it returne the Voice thirtcene 
feiicrall times ; And I haiie heard of others, that it would returne iix- 
tcene times: For I was there about three of the Clocke in the Afrer- 
noone : And it isbcfi:(asallother££'f^'^arc) in thcEuening. It is ma- 
nifcft, that it is not Ecche's from (cuerall places, but a Teftng of the Foice^ 
as a Ball, to and fro ^ Like to Rrfiexio is mLoozing-GlaJfis-^ where if you 
place one GUJJ'ebe(orc, and another behind, you fliall fee the G/i/^if be- 
hind with the /wi^f, within th.e oUjJi before • And againe, the GUJfe 
before in that j and diners luch Syfcr-Rcflfxions, tdlthe jp^des jpeciei at 
laft die. For it is cucry Returne weaker, and more fhady. In like maner, 
the roid; in that Cjppell^ createth /pccwm/peciei, and makcth fuccceding 
Saper-Reflexions ; For it mcketh by degrees, and cucry Refiexion is 
weaker than thcformcr: Sothatif youfpcake three Words, itwill (per- 
haps) fome three ti;ncs report you the whole three Words; And then 
thetwolatter Words for fome times; And then the laft Word alone for 
fometimes; Still fading and growing weaker. And whereas in £ff A*'/ 
of one Returne, iti* much to heare foureor fine Words- In this Eccho 
of fo many Returnes, vpon the matter, you heareaboue twenty Words 
for three. 

The like Eccho \-^o\\ Eccho^ but onely with two Reports, hathbecnc 
obfcrued to be, if you fhnd bctwecne a Hoiife^ and a Htll^ and lure to- 1 
wards the Hill. For the Ho/tfe will giuc a Bjck-Eccha ; One taking it 
from tiie other, and the latter the weaker. 

There are certaine Ltttert, that an£fc»owill hardly exprelTc; As S. 
for one ; Efpccially being Principal I in a Word. I remember well, that 
when I went to the Eccho at Pont-charemon^ there was an Old Pari fian, 
rhattookeit to the V\'orke of Spirits. And of good Spirits. For (faid 
he) calKS4r^«, and the Eccho, will not deliucrbackc the Deuilsnamc; 
But will fay, Fdt'ert-^ Which is as much in French^ as ^ptge^ or Auoid. 
And thereby I did hap to tin Jc, that an Eccho would not returne S, her 
ingbura Hiifmg and an /«ro-/W JtfKWii'. 

Eceho's are forae more fudden, and chop againe, as foone as the yoke 
is deliuered ; As harh becne partly faid : Others are more deliberate that 
is, giue more S pace betweene the Voice and the Eccho ^ which is caufed by 
the local! NcerenefTe, orDiftance^ Some will reporialonger Traineof 
VVords-, And fome a fbortcr : Some more loud (fullasloud^schcOW- 1 

G ginsU,\ 










in Confort 
toucbing the 
Di/7c»< between 
f^ifiblts *ni 






gmaUyUnd fometimcs more loud j ) And fome weaker and fainter. 
• Where £ff)E»*'i come from feueraU Parts, at the fame diftance, they 
miirt needs make (as it were) a Quire oi Eccbo's^ and fo make the Report 
greater, mdcucn a CoatitiueiiEccho^ which you fhallfinde in (ome HiUs^ 
that ftand encompafTed, Theater-like. 

Itdothnotyetappeare, that there is ^^,?Hw» in sounds^ as well as 
in Sfecies riJiUe, For I doe not think e, that if a Sound (lioukl paflc thorow 
diuers Mediums^ (as Aire, Cloth, H-ood) it would deliucr the5o»Wina 
differing Place, from that vnto which it is deferred ; which is the Pro- 
per Effect oi RefraSiion. But M^Joratien, which is alfo the Worke of ^«- 
fraSion, appeareth plainly in Sounds (as hath beene handled at full jj But 
it is not by Diuerfity of Mediums. 

Wc hauc ohitivy for Dcmonftrations £akc, vfed in diuers 
InflanuSy the Examples o^th.c Sight, aud Things Vifible ,10 '\\- 
luftratc the Nature of Sounds. But wc ihinkc good now to 
pofccutc chat Comparifon more fully. 


and Audiblcs, 

Both o( them /pread them/elues in Rtundy and fill a whole Floareor 
Orbe, vnto certaine Limits; and are carried a great way: And 
doclanguifli and leflen by degrees, according to the Diftance of 
the Obieds from the Senfories. 

Both of them haue the whole Species in euery frnxll P onion of the Aire, 
or Medium 'y Sozsthe Species doe paflTe thorow fmall Crannies, without 
Confufion: As we fee ordinarily in Ze/»e/r, as to the£y^i AndinCr<i«- 
niesy or Chinks y as to the sound. 

Both of them are oi^fudden andeafie Generation aud DeUtiea •, And 
likewife ferifhfwiftlyy and fuddenly ■ As if you remoue the Light ; Or 
touch the Bodies that giue the sound. 

£«/?of themdoe receiue and carry exquijite and dccur^te Differences-, 
As of Colours, Figures, Motions, Diftances, in yifibles.^ And of Arti- 
culate Voices, Tones, Songs, and Quauerings, in AudiUes. 

£«^ of them in their Vertue and Working, doe notappcarc xoemit 
any CorporallSuhfiance into their Mediums y or the Orbeof their Vertue j 
Neitheragainetoraifeor ftirany euidentloctU Motion in their Idediumsy 
as they patfej but onclyto carry certaine Spiritudl Species-, Thepcrfed 
Knowidgeof the Caufe whereof, being hitherto fcarcely attained, we 
(hall (earch and handle in due place. 

mthoixkem (ecme not to Genentte or produce any other EffeSin Na- 

Century. 1 1 I. 

/•r^jbiitfiichas appercaiucth tothdrpiopcr Obic6^t»,and i>tnlcs,andarc 
orlicrvvid- Barren. 

But Bw^ofthcm in rhcirownc proper Adion, docworkc thrccniani- 
feft Ejft^i' The firlt, in that the Stronger Species drovfueth iht Leffkr j As 
the Light of the Siinne,theLightofa Giow- wormejthc Report ot an Ord 
naiKc, the Voice : The Second, in that an 0^/Vff */ Smrchurge or Excejfc 
dr^roji'ththeSenfc ; As the Light of the Siinnc the Eye, a violent J*»*<i 
(necre the Earc) the Hearing : The Third, n\ that lf»th if them wilt be rc»er- 
i iier'ite ^ As in Mirrours ; And in Eccho's. 

I Neither o( them doth defir^y $r hinder ifm Spefits tftheather, although 
j they f»»f*»»»er in the fame Me^mm-^fiks Light or Colour hindcrnot5'o*ff<i. 

Beth of them tfcB thtfenfe im Lming Cresttrett and yccJd OtieRs pf 
Ple.)fMred»dDifiike: Yet ncuerthelcflc, the O^/Vi^/ofthcm doe alio (ific 
bewellobferiicd)atfe6landworkevpon dead Things j Namely, fiich as 
hauc fonie Conformity with the Orgjifs of the twro Senfes ; As hfibles 
workevpona Lo*king-Gltffe^ which is like the Pupillof thcEyc •, And 
^udibks vpon the Places oiEccht^ which rcfcmbic in (bmc fort, the Ca- 
ucme and (trii»Slurc of the Earc. 

Boihohh<:md^cdt»er(liW0rket aithejh*»e their Mediam diaerjly dif 
pefed. Soa Trembling Medium (as Smoake)nnkcth the Obicc'l fecme to 
tremble ; and a Riling or Falling Meditm (as Winds) maketh the StMuds 
to rile, or fall. 

ToBath^ the Afed'mm^ which is the molt Propitious and Conduciblc 
is Aire ^ For G lafle or Water , &c. arc not comparable . 

In B^r^of them, where the ObieBit FimeMnd M(»rate, it conduccth 
njuch to haue the 5*10? y»f «•//•*, MndEreB j Info much as yon contrad 
your£f(f, when you would fee (harply ; And erccl your fi4r?, when you 
would hcare attcntiucly ; which in Bcafts that hauc Eares moueablc, is 
mod manifeft. 

The Btsmes o( Light, when they arc maltipliedsuid cmgltmerMte^ ga\t- 
rate «;f4»; which isa different Adionjfrom the Adion of 5irf/&r.- And the 
MnltiplicAtieti and C»»gl«mtr4ti0n o( Stands doth generate an extreme J(d- 
rirfdaimof the Jire \ which is an Adion materiate, differing from the 
Ai^ionof Stuttd- 1 fit bee true (which is anciently reported) thatB;>i; 
vvith great Ihouts , hatie fallen downe. 














^aturalJ Hi^or) : 


and Audibles. 

THESfeeies o( rijihies (ccvaetohcc EmJft0uso{Beames from the 
obitii /eene ; Almoft like Odours • fane that they are more In- 
corporcall : But the species of A»diUes feemc to Participate 
more with LecaU M»mn^\^Q Percttjfi*»s or Jmfre(pMs madevpon the 
-^ire. So that whereas all Bodies doe feemc to workein two manners; 
Either by the CtMrnamemM of their Natures j Or by the Imprfftens and 
Siffh$t«ires of their Mttitnt j The Diffufitit oi species FifiUe (cemeth to 
participate more of the former C)/>fr4/wi» j andthei/ff/w Audihleoiihc 

The Species o(A»clf ties fecme to be carried more manifcftly thorow the 
Aire, tkm the Species o^yifihles .• For (I conceiue) that a contrary Urong 
Wind will not much hinder the Sight o'iyifiUes^ as it will doe the Hea - 
xiv^Qi Sounds. 

iLhct&Kont Difference^ aboue all others, bctwcenc Vifil>Usa.ud Au- 
dibleSy that is themoft remarkable i As that whereupon many fmallcr 
Differences doe depend : Namely, that Vifibles^ (except Ltghts^ ) are 
CArriedin Right Lines ; and Andikles in Arcntte Lines. Hence it cpmmcth 
topaflc, that yifilfUs doe not intermingle, and confound one atiother, 
as hath becnefaid before j ButStnndsdoe. Henceit commech, that the 
Solidity of Bodies doth not much hinder the Sight, fo that the Bodies 
beecleare, and the Pores in a Right Line, asinGla^le, Cryftall, Dia- 
monds. Water, &:c. Butathin Scarfe, or Handkerchierc; thoughthcy 
bee Bodies nothing fo Solid, hinder the Sight : Whereas (contrariwife) 
thefe Porous Bodies doe not much hinder the Hearing, but Solid Bodies 
doealmoft ftopit, orattheleaft attenuatcit. Hence alfb itcommerh, 
thattotheief/IjAT/Vwof^iryi^/M. fmallGlaflesfuffice ; but to the Rcnerbt^ 
ration oiAndibles^sxe required greater Spaces, as hath likcwiTe beenc faid 

ViftUes are fecne further off, than sounds z\t heard; Allowing n.-uerthe- 
Idle the /J4/C of their Bigneffe : For otherwife a^r<?.// Sound will bee )iv:i-;d ] 
further off, than a SmaU Body feene. 

l^ifibles require (generally) fome Dijlancebciwcenc the ohieci, and 
the£;^, to bee better feene ; Whereas in Audibles, theneercr the Ap- 
proach ofthe5«i»</ is to the Scn(e, thebettcr. But in this there may bee 
a double Errour. Theone, becaufcto ^wag, there is required Light j 
And anv thing that toucheth the Pupill of the Eye (all ouer) excludeth 
thcZ-j^jif'/.ForlhauchcardofaPcrfon very credible (whobimrelfc was 
• cured' 

Centwy. 111. 


cured of a Cararaft in one of Iiis Eyes) that while the Siluer Needle Jid t 
worke v}X)n the Sight of his EyCj toremoiie the Filme of the Cicawd, 
hce ncucr faw any thing more clearcor perfe«ft, than that white Needle : 
Whicli(nodoiibt) was, becaufe the Needle was lefler than the Pupii of 
the £;/, and fo tooke not the Light from it. The other Errour may be, for 
that the obieH ot'Sizht doth ftrikc vpon the P»pHl ofthc I;f ,diredly witiv 
out any interceptionj whereas the Caue of the Bare ddth hold otf the SMfid 
aJirtlerromtheOrgan '. And fo neuettheledc there is fome D//?rf«c re- 
quired in both. 

rifikes arc fwifdiercarried to the Se»f<^ than Aud/Uts^ As appeareth in 
Thunder and Lightning . Flame and the Report of a Peecc , Morion of 
the Aire in Hewing of Wood. All which haue beene (ct downe hereto- 
fore, but arc proper for this Title. 

I conceiue alfo, tliat the spnies cfAudil^Us doe hang longer in the Aire, 
than thofe of f^ifibUs : For although euen thofe of ytfibUs^ doe hang foiie 
tinie,aswefecin A/«|?'/*rW, iIkw like Spheres ^ In LMfejirmPs 
fillippedj A F/V^-/> rW carried along,which Icaueth a Traineof Light be- 
hind i r ; And in the Twi-light j And the like : Yet I conceiue that Sfi»»ds 
Itay longer, becaufe they are carried vp and downe with the \ Vin i : And 
bccanfcoUhe Diltancc ofthc Time in Ordtnttcc di/chdrged., and he^rd 20. 

JnTifil^lff, there are not found ObieAsib Odious and Ingratc to the 
''^enfe^A'i'm Andibles. Forfoulc Stghtidoc rather tiifplcafe, in that thcv 
excite the Menioiy of foulc Things, than in the immediate Obierts. And ■ 
therefore in Piilures , thofe foule Sights doe not much otfend ^ But in Aih- \ 
dUfles, the Grating of a Saw, when it is fharpned, doth offend fo much, as 1 
it fetterh the Teeth on Edge. Andany of the har/h Di/etrds in Afttjickt the ; 
Eare doth (traight- waics refufc. j 

In riffles, after great Li^ht, if you come fuddcnly into the Darke ; Or i 
conrrariwi(e,out ofthc D4rw into a <7/jri«gLi^k, the Eye isdazledfora I 
time, and the Sight confufcd j But whether any fuch EfFcd be after great \ 
Sounds^ or after < deepe Silence^ may bebctter enquired. It is an old Tradi- { 
tion, that thofe that dwell neerc the CdtdraBs of Nilus^vct ftrucken dcafc; 1 
Rnc wee findenofuch.Effeit, in Cannoniers, nor Millers, nor thofe that 
dwell vpon Bridges. 

" It fcemeth that the Imprefjtfiif of Cdhiiri^ Co weake, as it worketh not 
burbvaConcofnircin: /?mw«, or Right Lines ; whereof the Balls is in 
theObiccl:, and the Verticall Point in the Eye : So as there isaCorri- 
diarion a'ul Ciiiiinuli^nof Bearrns \ And rhofc Be.imits fo fent forth, vet 
are not of anv force to beget the like borrowed or fecond Be.jptes^ ex. 
cepritbebv /c^/Zfwow, wliereof we fpeakcnot. For the Benmrs pafle, and 
giucIitrLTincloicrothat Aire, which is Adiacent , which if they did. 
Wee jliomd fee dleitrs out of a Right line'. But as this is in CtUitrtl fo 0^ 
x\\^x'f(iQ:kW\wi\\QBddyoCLioht. For when there is aSkreene betweenc 
the Candle an 1 the Eye, yettheZJfjA; j^lfethtothc Paper whereon One 
writeth j So that the Li^g/;/ is feene, where the Bodyof thef/<w^ is not 
G 3 (eenc • 







m Confort, 
touching (he 
Sympathy or 
with another. 






fecnc ; And where ai\yCoUi<r (it it were placcdwhcrc tlicJiodyof the 
Flame is) would not bccfcene. I ludgethat Seitttd isof tiiii Latter Na- 
ture : For when two are placed on both fides of a Wall, and the Voice 
is heard, I iudge it is not oncly the OriiinaUSauad, which pafil-th in an 
AtxhtdL'me . But the .?«*»</, which paflcthabouc the^^'all in a Right 
Line, begetteth the like Motion roundabout it, as the hrlldid, though 
moreweakc. *» 

AL L Ctnc4rds and Difcords oiAUficke^ are, (no doubr) Sjm^Athhs^ 
and AMtifMhies of SMwds. And fo (likcwife) in that Mujide^, 
which wee call Brtkctt M»(uke, or Ctirfrrt liufiske -, Sonic Confom oF In- 
ftritmeots arefwcerer than others 5 (A Thing not iufficiently yctobfcr- 
lied:) As the Ififb Hsrfty and itfe Viall agree well : The ktstrder and 
StriogedMmJicke agree wcW : OrgdW^nd the ^<«fe agree well ^ Sec. But 
the F/rgiiuHs and the Litte ; Or the Wtlfh-Har^t, and Iriih Harpe • Or 
ther^w and Pipes alone, agree not fowcll j But for the Meiiaratjf* of 
Muficke jthae is yet much left (in this Vdxnioi Exi^mjiu Conftns) to try 

There is a Common Obferuation, thatif a Lii/f, oxVU^ij bee layed 
vpon the Backc, with a fmail Straw vpon one of the siringf i And 
another Lute or VUil bee laid by it ; And in the other Lnie or riall, 
the ymjom to that String bee ftruckeii j it will make the String nioue; 
Which will appeare both to the Eye, and by the Strives falling off. 
The like will bee, if the DUfaftm or Eight to that String bee ftiucken, , 
either in the fame Lnte or Fidl^ or in others lying by ; But in nonc- 
of thcfc there is any Report of Sennd, that can bee difcerncd, butonely 

It was deuifed, that a Viall fhould hauc a Lay of VVirc Strings be- 
low,asclofeto thc£elly,asal,»rf j And then the ^/r/«gi of Guts moiin- 
ted vpon a Bridge, as in Ordinary yiMs j Totheend, thatbv thismcanes, 
thevpper .Sfrwgiftrucken, fhould make the lower refoundby SywpMihy^ 
and {o make the v^t^i:^ the better ; Which, if it bee to purpole, tlien 
Sjmp.ttby worketh, as well by Report of Stund^ as by Motion. But this 
deuice I concei.ue tobeofhovfe j becaufe the vpper ^/r/^o/^ whichare 
ftopped in great variety, cannot maintainea Di.fafonoxrnifon^ wichthe 
Lower, which are neuer ftopped. Bur ifit (Tiou Id bee of v(c ar all ^ it mv\\\ 
be in /»/?r«w/«/i which hauc no Stops ; as rir^i nails, M'^d Harps , whcrcit ; 
trial! may bee made of two Rowcs of Strings, dlftan^theonc from the 

The Experiment 0^ SjmpAthy may bee transferred (perhaps) from/«- 
firnments of Strings , to other Infiruments of Stnnd. As to try if there 
were in one Steeple, two Bells o( Vni fan ^ whethcrtheftrikingofthconc 
waildmouc the other, more than ifit were another Accord "An^l f^> 
in Pipes (if they bceof cquall Bore, and Sonnd) whether a little Straw 
or Feather would mouc in the one Pipe, when the other is blowne at an 



Qentttrj III. 


It rt-cracth, both in E/?rf, and fjif, x\\einft>ument of Senfe hath a 
Sy;»p.ithyo\ Suniliuidcwith thac which giiieth die Rcfittlion^{ As hatli 
uevnc louched before.) For as the Sight of the Eyth Like a Cry'.tall,or 
GlalfcjOr Water j So is the £^rft imuous CaiiCj with fi hard Bonc,to 
flop cind rcucrbcrate i\\Q Sound: Which is like lo the Places that re- 
port Eccho's. 

VT 7 Hen a i\kn T.ivpneth^ he cannot Heai-e fo well. The Ciufe is, for 
W that the ^etnbrane of the £jre is extended j And lb rather caft- 
crh orf" the 5(?.'f«£i,ihan dtaweth it to. 

We 1 1 are better when we hold our 5rr^/>,than contraryjln fo inuch 
asinallLifteningtoattaine a ^•ww^ a farrc off, Men held theirBre^th. 
The CMifi iSjFor i hat in all Expiration, the Motion is Outwards j And 
thcrefore,rather driiieth away the voice, than draweth it;And befidcs 
wecl(?c, that in all Laboitrio doe things with any ftrcngth, we hold the 
DreJth : And lilkning after any Soundy that is heard with dil!iculty,is a 
kindcof/, ;io.w. 

Let it be tried, for the Helfe of the //pjW«^,(and I concciuc it likely 
rodiccecd,) to make an //i//r«wf nr like a Tunnell j Thcnarrow Part 
whtrco! mJy beofthcBigncfleofthe Holcof thcf^rf-AndtheBroa- 
ckr End nuich larger, like a Bell at the Skirts j And the length halfe a 
foot, or more. And let the narrow end of it be fet clofc to rhc Eare : 
And marke whether any Sottfid, abroad in the open Aire, will not be 
heard dilUnctly, from further diftancc, than without that Inftrumcnti 
being( as it were ; an Eare-SpeBjcle.\nd I hauc heard there is in S^aine, 
an Infiru/ncnt in vie to be fet to the Eure^ that htlpeth foraewhat thole 
that are Thickc of Hearing. 

If the Mouthbe fhut clofe, neuerthclcflc there is yeelded by the 
Roofc of the Mouth, a Murmur. Such as is vfcd by dumbe Men:But if 
the Nofirilsbc likcwife ftopped, no fuch Murmurc can be made j Ex- 
cept it be in the Bottome of the Pallate towards the Throat. Where- 
by it appearcth manifeftly, that a Sound in the Mouth, except fudi as 
afore faiil,it the Mouthbe ftopped,pa(reth from the Palht, thorow the 

THe ReperciifsioHO^ Sounds, (which wee call Eccho, ) is a great Ar- 
gument of the Spirituall Ejjinceoi Sounds.^ or if it were Corporeall, 
the Repcrciiflfion fhould be created in the lame manner, and by like /«- 
j\rit>::ents, with the Ori^j>idl seund: But we fee what a Number oi £.v- 
(juijite Injlrumcnts muu concurrc in Speaking of Words, whereof 
there is no (uch M.itter in the Returning of them; But only a pldirie 

TheExquilite Diffcrenceso^ jitticulite Sounds, CAuled along intht 
Aire^ (new i hat they cannor be Signatures or Imprefsions in the Airs, as 
hath bcene well rdlited by the Anctnts. For it is true, that Scales 
make excellent Impreflions ; Andfo it may bee thought of 5o;#W/ in 



in Contort, 
touching the 
Helping of the 






touching the 








!J\Caturail Hijiorj: 


their firll Generation : But then the X)f/jr/o« and Co.w««.jwc of them 
without any new Sealing, fhcw apparantiy they cannot be Imprel- 

All5oW/arcruddenlymade,anddoefuddcnlyperirn 5 But nei- 
ther ihatjnor the Exqaijite Di_ff'tfe»cesoi'ihcm,i$ Matter of lb great Ad- 
miration.- FortheQuaucrings, and W'arblings in Lvites, and Pipes, 
are as fwift ^ And the Tongue, ( which is no very fine Inlhiimcnt, } 
doth in Speech,make no fewer Motiensjthan there be Letters in ail the 
Words, which arc vttered.But that Sounds ftiould not only be l\> fpee- 
dily generated, but carried fofarrecucry way, infucha momentanie 
timejdeferucth more Admiration. As for Example • If a Man Itand in 
the middle of a Field andfpeak.e aloud, he iTiall be heard a Furlong in 
round j And that ihall be in Articulate Sounds-^ And tho(c rtiall be En- 
tire in eucry little Portion of the Aire •, And this iTiall be done in the 
Space of Icfle than a Minute. 

The Sudden Generation&nd Perifhing oisoundsy muft be one of theft- 
two Waycs. Either that the Aire luftereth fome Force by sound j and 
then reftorcth it felfc; As Water doth j Which being diuided,maketh 
many Circles, till it reftorc it felfe to the naturall Confiftcnce : Or o- 
therwilc, that the ^/W doth willingly imbibe the sound as giatefuU, 
but cannot maintaine it j For that the Aire hath ( as it lliould leemc ) 
a fccret and hidden Appetite of Receiuing the Sound at the firft j But 
then other Grofle and more Materiatc Qualities of the Aire ftraight- 
waye? fuffocate itjLikc vnto F^f, which is generated with Alacntic, / 
but ftraighc quenched by the Enmitie of the Aire^ or other Ambient 
\ Bodies. 

ThercbcthcfcD/^^r^WfwCingcnerall ) by which Sounds 
arcdiuidcd^ i.MufcaSy Immujicall j t. Treble yBafe ; 5. Flat^ 
Sharpe j 4. Softy L$ud:y 5* Exterioufy Interiour ; 6. Qeane^ Har/b 
or Purling •, 7. Articulate, Inarticulate. 

Wchaue laboured ( as may appearc, ) inihh Inqui/itionot 
Sounds, diligently ; Both bccaufc Soundis one of the moft Hid- 
den Portions of iV4?«r^, ( as wcfaid in the beginning : ) And 
bccaufc It is a /^^r/«r which may be called Incorporeal, and 
Imtnateridte i whereof there be in iV<i/«r^ but few. Befldcs, wc 
were willing, ( nowinthefcour ^xikQenturies, ) to make a 
Paticrnc or Prcfidcnc of an ExaSl Inquifition ^ And wc fhall 
docthchke hereafter m fomc©thcr Subicds which require it. 
For wee dcfire that Men fhoul^learnc and perceiue, how fc- 
ucrca Thing the tiVLcInquifaionof Nature is ; AndOiou^d ac- 
• cullomc 

Qenturj III. 

cuftomc chcrtifclucsj by the light of Particulari. to enlarge 
iheir Mindcs, to the Amplitude ot the world j And not reduce 
I the World to the NaiTOwncllc of their Mind s. 

I \MFtJlsgv\.\cOricnt3in<\FineColoursiwDijfolinions^ As CoWgiiitth 

j iVlun excellent Yellow -, ^Htcke-SilueriVi excellent Grteiij Tin gi- 

: iierh an excellent Azure : Likewife in their PutrefiHions, or Rrtjir ^ As 

\vcrmlion^y'erdcgrejfe^Bife^ C/nw^&c. And likewife in their fitrijicati- 

ons. The Caufc Is, tor that by their Strength of Body^ they are able to 

endure the Fire, or Strong Waters, and to be put into an Eqtull 

Pollurc, and againe to retame Part of their principal! Spirit • Which 

two Things j(Ei]uall Pofturejand Quicke Spirits)are required chiefly, 

to make Co/o«r jlightfomct 

f T conduccth vnto Long Life,ind to the more Placide motion of the 
iSpirits, which thereby doe leflc- prey and confume the luyce of the 
Body ; Either that A^cnt AEiions he free and voluntary ■^'Xh^iZ norhingbc 
done Inttitd MincrifA*\i\M Secundum Genium.'Or on the other (idc, that 
the JF\ionso^ Men be full of Reguhtion^andCtmmands within thcmftiies: 
For tilt n the Yi<Story and Performing of the Command jgiueih a good 
Difpolitiou tothe SpiritSj^Efpccially if there bca Proceeding from De- 
gree to Degree ; ForthentheSenleofViAory is the greater. An ex- 
ample of the former of thefe. is in a Country life ; And of the latter,in 
Menkes and phi lofophcrs J andfuch «s doe continually cnioync them- 

IT is certaincj that in all Bodies, there is an j4ppetiteo^r/tion^it:d E- 
uitationofSolution of Continuity .♦ Aodof this Appetite there be 
many De^-ees j But the moft Remarkable, and fit to b? diftinguifbed, 
arethree.ThcfirftinL/^«or/j ThcfecoBdinHjr</B<K!//fj ; And the 
third in Bodies Cleauingor Liquors, this Appetitcis weaker 
Wee fee in Liquors, the Thredding of them in Stillicides,(as hath beene 
faid J ) The Fallinff^ of them in Round Drops ^( which is the forme o^rm- 
on^ ) And the Staying of thcm,for a little time, in BuJ;hles3Vid Froth. In 
the fccond nif^>ccox Kinde, this Appetite is ftrong \ As in /ro«, in Stone, 
in fyond,&::.. In the third,this Appetite is in a Medium betwcene the o- 
chcr two ; For fiich Bodies doe partly follow the Touch of another Bo- 
dic-, And pnrtly fticke and continue to thcmfe]ucs-,Afld therefore they 
roapt", and draw thcrilfclucs in Thrcds •, As we fee iti Pitch^Glew, Bird- • 
/i/^/fj&c.But note,that all Salide Bodies arc cleauing^moxc or lefTe : And 
that tl;ey lone better the Touch of fbmewhat that is 7anfihle^ tlian of 
Aire. For n\:tcr^ in fmall quantity, clcaueth toafiy Thing tliat is So- 
lidj And lb would Mctallzaa, if the weight drew it hot off. And there- 
fore (7o{irtli,nc,OT any MctM Foliate, dciucth: But thok Codies which 
are noted to be Clammie,and Gleauiqg,arc flichjas hauc a more indif- 
ferent ^//'rt/Vc (at once, ) to follow another £o^/> j And to hold to 

_____ them- 


Sclitaiy tou- 
ching the 6r». 
ent CohuTsiH 
difdhlisH of 


Solitary tou- 
ching 7»r(»/«»- 


Sclitarj tou- 




D^luraU Hifiory 

jchingthi Ulit 
O^crtiioni of 
Hetty aniTimt. 


Solicaiy tou- 
ching the Wj^- 
rM£ bperatiem 
of Fir e^ani 

thing Motims 
by imitititn. 

Solitary tou- 
ching /n/c^ow) 


themfdiies.And therefore they arc commonly Bodies ill mixed • And 
which uke more plcafure in a Forraine Body , than in f,rclctiiing their 
owne Conjijience j And which haiic little predominance in Droughty or 

Time, and //wf,arc Fellowcs in many EfFeds. Heat drieth Bodies, 
that doe cafily expire^ As Parchment, Leaiics, Roots, Clay, Stc. 
Andjfo dothT/Wor yfjrearefie.AsinthcfamcBodieSj&c.i/wtdif- 
folueth and melteth BodieSjthat kccpc in their Spirits- As in diners Li- 
quffaBions j And fo doth Timejiti fomc Bodies of a loiter Gonliftence: 
AsismanifeftinHoney, which by ^^cwaxcth more liquid j And the 
I ike in Sugar jand fo in old Oy lc,which is ciier more cleare , and more 
hotin Medicinable vfe. Heat caufeth the Spirits to fearch fome IlTuc 
out of the Bodyj As in the Velatility ofMet4h-^And fo dothTiWj As in 
the Xuftot Mttalls.But generally Heat doth that in fmall time, which 

SOme things which pafle the Fire are fofteft at firft,and by 7*mf grow 
hard • As the Cnimmc of Bread.Somc are harder when they come 1 
from thcf />f,and afterwards giue againe, and grow foft, as the Cruft 
of BrcadjBisket, Sweet Meats, Saltj&c. the Caufe is, for that inthpfe 
things which wax Hard with T;»ic,the Worke ol the Fire is a Kinde of 
Melting : And in thofe that wax Soft with Tiffte, ( contrariwife, ) the 
worke of the Fire is a Kinde o^BakingiAad whatfocuer the Fire baketh, 
rime doth in fome degree diffolue. 

MOtiofiJ pafle from one Man to another, not fo much by Exciting 
Imagination^as by Inuitation; Efpecially if there be ah Apmeflfe 
or Inclinarion before. Therefore G^ping,or rawmtig^and Strnchim^x 
palTe from Man to Man j For that that caufeth Gapugand stretching is, 
when the Spirits are a little Heauy,by any Vapour,or the like.f or then 
they ftriuc,( as it were, ) to wring out, and cxpell that which loadeth 
them. So Men drowzie,and defuous tolleepe; Or before the Fit of an 
Ague • doe vfe to Yawnc and Stretch- And doe likewife yccld a roice 
or Somdy which is an JnterieHion of Expuljioa : So that ifanother be apt 
and prepared todoe the like, he foUoweth by the Sight of another.So 
the i,./«^/7/«^ of another maketh to Lauzjj. 

T Here be fome knowne Difeafes that axeinfeBious •, And Others 
thatare not. Thofe thatare infiBiofUyare ; Firft, fuch as arechiefc- 
ly in the Spirits-, and not fo much in the Humours ; And therefore pafle 
eafily from Body to Body : Such are pejiiUftceSy Lippitudts, and fuch 
like. Secondly, fuch as Taint the Breath j Which wee fee pafieth ma- 
rt ifeftly from Man to Man ; And not inuifibly, as the -^^eBs of the 
Spirits doc : Such arc Can^umpiwis oi ihc Lungs ^ &c. Thirdly, fuch 
as come forth t» the ikinru -, And therefore taint the Aire^ or the Body 


Century i^> at* 



Adlacent -^ Efpecialiy ifchey conlift in an Vn^ftnotis Subftancc,nocapC 
to didiparc; Such are S:.'<bs^ and Lcproilie.Von\i\y^ fuch as are mccrc- 
ly in the Himo-irs, and not in th j Spims, BreJth, or Exhdmons : And 
therefore they ncucr intcct, One by To ic) only 5 And Rich a Touch alfo 
asconimcth wichin the EpiJcn/i'j-^ As the Venome of the French Pox-\ 
And thcBitin^ o^aM-id Pej^. 

Mod Powders ^Tow more Clofeand Coherent by ^/mr/rc of^rj- 
rfr, than by Afixtureoi Oyfe, though Oji/e be the thicker Bodyj 
As Me.i!e ; &:c. 'Fhe Keafon is the Congruity of Bodies j which if it be 
more, maketh a pcrfcdcr Imbibition, and Incorporation ; Which in 
moft /'op^njismore beWeene Them and w-'-Tfr, than betweenej^fw 
and Oj/f.-But Paintas Co/o^r/ ground, and -^/i5?f/j doe better incorpo- 
rate with Ojle. 

Myc\\MotionSit\i\Ey:erc'ifc'iS good for fomc 5o<//Vj •, And Sittings 
and Icjfc Motion for Others. If the Body be Hot, and Void of Su- 
perfluous Moifturcs, too much Motion hurti-th ; And it is an Errour in 
phyJitiJns, to call too much vpon Exercifc. Likewife Men ought to be- 
ware, that they vfenot Excrcifcy and ^iSp-tre D ietboily.Hui if muchfx- 
(fcife^then a plentiful Diet, And ii'spjrinfr^ D/ff,thcn little £.vfrr//f. The 
Benefit! that come of £xTrnjcare,Firll,that it fendeth Nourijhment into 
the Parts more forcibly. Secondly, that hclpeth to Exccrne by Sweat- 
and fo maketh the Parts aHl nilate the more perfedlly. Thirdly,that it 
maketh the Subfl tme otthe Body more Solide^Lnd CompaB ., And fo lefTc 
apttobt Confumed and Depredated by the i^/n>/. The Euills that 
coTOC o( Exercifc, 3TC : Fir(l, that it maketh the ^p/V/Vj more Hot and 
Predatory. Secondly, that it doth abforbc likewife, and attenuate too 
mOth the Moiftufe of the Body. Thirdly, that it maketh too great Con- 
culjiot, ( especially ifitbe violcnr,)ofthe /«ir.?ri?<7rf.rj which delight 
moreinRelhButgcner.Tlly£Arfrnye, ifitbe much, is no Friend to /'ro- 
longation ofLife-^ Which is onecaufe,why iromen Hue longer than Men, 
becaule they Ifirre leflTe. 

SOme fooi we may vfc long, and much without Glutting ; As Bread, 
Fleili that is not fat, or ranke,&c. Some other, ( though pleafant J 
G/«m^/;fooner; As Sweet Meats, Fat Meats, Sec. TheC.Jw/eis, fot 
that Appetite confilleth in the EmptincfTeof the Mouth of the Sto- 
mackc ^ Or pofleirins, it with fomewhat th!u is Aftringent; And there-- 
for Cold and Drie. But things that are Sfpeet and Eat, are more Fil- 
ling: Anddoelwimmeand hang more about the Mouth oftheSto- 
mackc ; And goc noQ downc fo fpeedily ; And againe turne fooner 
to C/'o/er, which is hot,andcuerabateth che Appetite. Wee fee alfo, 
that another Ciiufeofsaciety, hanOuer-ctiJlorne-^ and o( Appetite is No- 
ueltie : And therefore Mecits, if the fame be continually taken, induce 
Lo.nhing. To giue the Reafon of the Dipjk o^S^iciety^and of the Plea^ 
:\ . fure 

77 1 

Solitary cou- 
ching the In- 
Pe»dirs and 

Solicaiy tou- 
ching Extnift 
ut (he B»dj. 


Sojicaiy tou- 
ching Mtatt, 
that ladufc Sa- 


^aturall Eiftorj : 

furelnNoudtie-^ and todifiiDguifl) not onely in Meats and Drinkes, 
but alfo in Motions, Loiics, Company^ Delights, Studies, what they 
be that Cujiome maketh more grateful! j And what more rcdiousjwere 
a large Field. But for Meats ^^q Caufc is AttraBion^ which is quickerj 
and more excited toward that which is new, than towards that where- 
of there remaineth a Rcllifh by former vfe. And (gene- 
rally) it is a Rule , that whatfoeucr is fomewhat 
Ingrate at firftjis made Gratefull by C»- 
fiomc'^ But whatfocuer is too 
Pleafing at firft grow- 
cth quickly to 





IV. Century, 

CcBLERATiON o^Ttme in Works 
o^ Nature, may well be cftecmcd Inter 
Magnalia Nature. And cucn in Diu'me 
Miracles^ Accelerating of the Time, is 
next to the Creating oi the Matter. Wc 
will now therefore proceed to the En- 
quiry of it : And for Acceleration of 
Germination^ wee will rcFerrc it oucr, 
vnto the place, where wee (hall handle theSubicit of Plants, 
generally \ And will now begin with oihcx Accelerations* 

Liquors arc (manyof rhtm) at the firft, rhickc and troubled : As 
Majl ^Wortjujtesoi Frmits, or //^r^jexprcflcd, Sec. Andbv Time they 
fettle and Clarifie. But to make them eleare before the T$me, is a great 
VVorke ; Fork is a Spiirrc to Nature, andputtcth her out of her pace: 
Andbeddes, itiiot'goodvfc, for making Dmkcs, Md Sauces^ PorabJe, 
and Scruiccablc, fpeedily • But to know the Me*nes of MctUrmng cU- 
i-ijicati»>i, vvc murt firft know the CaMfes oicUrificatien. ThefirftC4«/«ris, 
by the Separaiitft of the Crtjpr Farts of the Liquor y from the Finer, The 
fccontl, by the E-Mail Z)///r/A*rwBof the Sf>ititio(thc Li^90r, with the 
Tangible P at ts : For that cuerreprefentcth Bodies Clcate and Vntrou- 
H blecl. 

m Conforc 
cUrifcarun of 
Liqii$r!, and 
the ^cetltTMiifii, 












J\(aturall Hislory: 

bled. The third, by the Rejimn^ ihc Sfint itjdfl; whicU ciicicby giucth 
CothcZ./^«»/more Splendor^ and more Lultro. 

Fiiftj tor Separati*n i It is wrought by kveight j As in the ordinary Rcfi - 
dencc or Settlement o[Ltq$t0rs : By Heat : By Motto* . By Preci^uattoH, or 
SnIfUmation • (That is_, a calling of the feiicrail Parts, Either vp, or dovvnc, 
which is akindc o£AttraBua : ) By ^dhefion-. As wlicn a Body more rv/ 
ctfu ii mingled and agitated with the Liquor -, which Vi Icons Body (after- j 
wards (eiicred)draweth with it the groffcr parts of tlic Lf^»^r: And Lallly, 1 
By PercfiUtiMOTPa/^age. * "' 

Secondly, for the E»e9 Dtfiri^utiM of the Sphiti ; It is wrought by ) 
Gentle He At 5 And by Agitation or Motion ; (ForofTVwf wcelpeakcnot, 
becaufeit is that, we would anticipate and reprefcnt: ) And it is wrought 
alfoj by Mixture of fome other B#</r , which hath a vertue to open the Li- 
quor ^ and to make the Spirits the better pafle thorow. 

Thirdly, for thc-^f^»/«»gofthe 5pm/, itis wrought liVcwlfe by Heat^ 
By Motion.^ And by Mixture of fome Body wVxch jjath Vertue to attenuate. 
So therefore (hauing fliewnc the Caufes) f^r the Aaeleratia^ oi Clari- 
fication^ in gcnerall, and the Enducing of it ; take thefc Injlances^ and 

It is in common Prance, to draw F/iite, or Beere , from the Lees^ 
(which we call Racking 5 ) whereby it will cUrifie much the focncr : For 
the Lees, though they kcepe the Drinke in Heart, and make it laflingiyet 
withal] they call vp fome SpifTitude : And this /ffy?4W? is to bee referred 
to SeparAtiotr. 

On the other fide, it were good to try, what the Adding ro the Li 
quour more Lees than his owne will worke , For though the Lees doc 
make thcL/^a^«r turbidc, yctthey refine the Spirits. Take therefore a 
Veflcll oiNevf Beere ; And take another VcfTcll of i\Vw Betre, and Racke 
the one Vcflell from the Z-r«, andpowre the I.«J of the Racked Vcflell 
into the vntackcd Veflcll, and (ec the Efed : This in fiance is referred to 
the Refining of the Spirits. 

Take Nev^ Beere ^ and put in fome Quantity of Stale T>eere into It, and 
fee whether it will not accelerate the Clarification, by Opening the Body 
of the Beere^snd Cutting the Groflcr Parts ,whereby thcv may fal! downe 
into Lees. And this Infiance againe is refcrrcti r^ Sfpa.ati^n. 

The longer /i/rf//,or//lfr^;,orthe like, are infi-ielin LiqaOr^ themou 
thick e and troubled the Liquor is •, But the In^erthiy bee dfc. -cled '. > 
the Liquor J the clearer it is. The Kealbn is plains, bec.iultin lafufiort^ 
the longer itis, thegreater isthe Part of theGroffe Bod/, thsrgocth 
into the Liquor : But in DecoFlion, though more goet'i forth, yet it ci- 
ther purgethat the Top, orfetleth at the Bottome. And thcru-fjrc the 
moltExaftWaytorZ-iWAris • Firft, to Infufiu and then to cake off the 
Lrquor and DecoSlit ; as they doe in Beere^ which hath Afdt firlt Lifnjcd \ 
itt the Liquor, andis afterwards boiled with the Hop. This alio is lefer- 
tedto Separation . 

Jake Hot Emitrs, and put them about a BotrlcfiUcd v/ithNtw Leere, 


■£€nturj 1 V. 


almod to the very Nccke : Let the Jiottlc be well ftoppcd^ left it tiie one : \ 
And continue ir, renewing the Embers eury Jay, by the fpace of Ten' i 
Ddyesj And then compare it with another Buctlc of" the fame Beire fct by. 
Take alfo Lime both QueHchcd and fhCfHenched^ and fct the hortles in 

alfo to rhe Refi'iwg of the Spirits by Heat. 

Take Bottles ^^\^d Swing them ; Or Carry them in a WheeU- Barrarp, vp- 
on Rough Ground \ twice in a day : But then you may not fill the Bottles 
full, but leaiie fame Aire j For if the Liquor come clofc to the Stopple, 
if cartnot play, nor flower ; And when you haue fliakcn chem well, either 
way, powre the Z)r///it into another Bottle, (topped clofe, after the vfuall 
manner J For ifit ftay with much Aire in it, the Drittke wUI pall j neither 
will It fettle fo periee^ly in all the Parts. Let itftand fome 24. houres: 
Then rake it, and put itagaine into a Bottle vrhh^ ire, vt/tipra .- And 
thence into d Bottle //appej^ <vc/Hpra : Andfo repeat the fame Operation 
for fcuendjyes. Note that in the Emptying of one Bottle into another, 
you muit doeitfwiftly, left the Drinke pall. It were good alfo, to try it 
in a Eottlewhh a little Airi- below the Neckc, without Empt}'ino;. This 
Irtjlince is rellrrcd to the Euen difirtbuiion and Refningoi the Spirit shy 

As for Pe: eolation^ InvnnrdxaA Ontward^ (which bclongerh to Sepa 
ration,) 'X\\i.\\\\'o\Ai\hc\\\Adc .o^Clarifyingby Adhefiott., wixh Afilise put 
'mx.oh'ewBeere^ andftin-edwithit : For it may becthattheGrollcrPart 
ofthe/?r<rrfwillcieauctotheA^//'tv •• ThcDoubris, whether the Mtlhe 
will fcuer well againc; Which is foone tried. And it is vfuall 'm Clarify 
inglppociajfe ro put in M7/r , Which after feucreth andcarricth with it 
rhe Groffer F.irts of rhe Jppocrajfe, as hath beene faid clfcwherc. Alfo for 
the better C/4r//«'-«//tf« by Perfff/i^/M, when they tun NewBeere^ they vie 
tolet.itpaffethorow 3i Strainer j And it is like, thc.finer the Strainer b^ 

The Accelerating q{ Maturation wcc will now enquire of. 
And of Maturation it fclfc. It is of three Natures, The Ma- 
turaiion of Fruits : The Maturation oi Drinkes : And the Ma- 
turation of Impoflimes and V leers. This la(l wcc rcferrc to anb- 
thcr Place, where wee (lull handle Experiments Medicinal}. 
There bee alfo other Maturations^ as of Mctalls^ Sec. whereof 
wee will fpL-akc a.% Occafion IcrUcth. I3ut wcc will bc^jn with 
(hatof Dr/wAi-f, bciraufcit hath iucii Affinity with the C/^r^^f- 
cationQ{ Liquors. 

Vo\r^\z^Utaratiou o( Drinkes^ it is wrought by the Coagregatioii ofthe 
Spirits iQ^cxhcr, whereby dicy digeft more*" perfectly rhe Groffer Parts : 
And it is elfedcii partly , by rhe fame mcanes,that clarification is (where- 
of wee fpakc before •, ) liut'thcn note, that an Extreme Clarification doth 
Hi fpread 



jn C<jnlbrc 
turalkn, and 
ihe '^ccelentliig 
thereof. And 
Kr ft touching 
ihe M nturitie" 
and ^lick'iiig 
next touching 
tlie IHttnratmn 









J\(aturall Hi/lory: 


f^tcadthe spirits ibSmooih, as they become Dull, andthe Drinhdc^d 
which ought to hauca little Ploiiring. And therefore all your Clcarc 
.4m/>er Drinke is flat. 

We fee the Degrees oi'Mdturatitm of Drinkes ^ InMu/- In/A'/W, as it 
is drunkc ; And in rioegAr. \Whexeof Afajl hath not the Spirits well Con- 
gregated^ W'Vwehach them well vnited J foasrheyniake the Parts fome- 
what more Oyly : VinegarhcLth them Congregated, but more Ieiune,and 
in fmaller Quantity j The grcateft and finelt Spirit and Part bein^ cxha- 
Icd.:. For we lee Vinegar is made by letting the Veflell oi^yine again ft the 
hot Sun : And therefore Vinegar will not burne j For that much of the Fi- 
ner Parts is Exhaled. 

The Rejrefhlng and Quicknmg of Brinke Palled, or Dead, is by Enfor- 
cingthe Moti0»of the Spirit : So wee fee that Open M^eather tehxeth the 
Spirit^ andmakethitmorc liuely in Motion. Wee fee ^ICo Bottellirtg of 
Bcere, or ^le^ \vhilc it is New ^ and full of Spirit (Co that it fpirteth when 
the Stopple is taken forth) maketh the Drinke move quickeand windy. 
A Pan of Coales in the Cehr doth likewife good, and maketh the Driake 
workeagainc. NewDripke, put to Drinke that is Dead, prouokcthit to 
worke againe : Nay, which is more (as fbme affirme) ^ Brewing of New ' 
Beere, fct by Old Beere, maketh it worke againe. It were good alio to En- 
force the Spirits by fome Mixtures, that may excite and quicken themj As 
bv putting into the Bpttles^ Nitre, chdke, Lime, ^c. Wee fee Creameis 
Matured^znd made to rife more fpcedily^by Putting in CeldWdter-^wh^ich^ 
as it feemeth, gettcth downc the Whey. 

It is tried, that the Buryingof Bottles of DrJukev/eW ftopped, either 
in dry Earth, a good depth i Or in the Bottome of a ive^ within f rater j And 
beft of all the Hanging of them in a deepe Well foniewhat Aheiiv the waier^fox 
(bme fortnights fpace, is an Excellent Meanes of m^m^DrinVefxefa, 
and quickc: for the Cold doth not caufe any Exhalingof the Spirits at all j 
As ^wt doth, though it rarifieth the reft that rcmaine : But C*'/^ maketh 
the 5/>?>i>^ vigorous, and irritateth them, whereby they Incorporate the 
Parts of the Liquor perfedly. 

As for the Maturation of Bruits^ It is wrought by the Ca lling forth of the 
Spirits of the Body Outvfirdt and fo Spreading them morc/mffothly ; And 
likewife by D igffting^in feme degree, the Grojfer Parts • And this is Efte- 
dedj by Heat • Motion ; Attra^ion ; And by .a Rndimmt of Put re/a H ion : 
For the Inception of Putrefatl ion hath in it a Maturatio'i. 

There were taken Apples, and laid in Straw j In Hiy j Jn Flotper-^ 
Jnchalke ; InL/wc ^ Coucred ouer with Onions ^ Coucredoucrwith 
Crahs i Clofcd vp in Wax • Shut in a Box, Sec, There was alfo an 
^//'/f hanged vp in 5wMltc; Ofall which the Experiments for ted in this 

After a Moneths Space, the ^//j/e Enclofcd in^<ix, was as Greene 
and Frerti as at the firft putting in, and the Kernels continued White . The 
Cdu/eis, for that all Exelu/ion of Open Aire (which is euer Predatory) 
maintaincththeBodyinhis firft frefhnefle, andMoifture : But the In- 


Century. IV, 

conucnicnceis, that it taftcth a little oFthc wi.v ; Which I fiippofc,ina 
Fcmgra»ate^ orlbnic fuch thickc-coatcd Fruit, it would not dac. 

The ^^/'/r Hanged in the Sma^ke, turned like an Old Mellow ^^pphy 
Wrinklcd>,Dry,Sol:'t jS weet , Yellow within. The Cau/e is, fjr that Inch 
a degree of //f4<, which doth neither Melt, nor Scorch, CForweefcc that 
in a great Hcat^ a Rca(} yuppie ^So^tncth and Meltctii j And Pigs feet ^ made 
o'iQu^mctsoifvareiens, fcorchand haueaSkin of Cole) dotli Mellow, 
ajjd not Adiire : The Smoake alfo maketh the Apple (as it were) fpraikled 
^'i rh 5«/j which helpeth to Mature. VVc fee that in Drying oXPeares^ and 
I'lunes, in the Ouen.aud Renioning of them often as they begin to Sweat, 
there isaUke Operation j But that is with a farremorc Intenfe degree 

Tlie jipples coiicrcd in the Time and A(heSy were well Matured ^ As ap- 
peared both in their YellownefTc and Sweetnede. The Cau/eis^ for that 
that Decree tfheat which is in Z,i«f,and ^/&«(bcinga Smootheriiig Heat) 
is of all the relt mo(k Proj.X'rjfor it doth neither Liqucfic,nor ArcficiAnd 
that is true AUtity.ition. Note that the taftc of thofe Applet was goodjAnd 
thcrcfotv: it is the Expfrtment fitted for Vfe. 

The Apples, Ceueredwiih Crabr^znd Omtm^wcre likcwife well yilatu- 
red. The Caufe i<:, not Any Heat ; But for that the Cr4^/ and the Onigns 
draw forth the 5y5;r//>" ot t\\c Apple, andfprcad them equal Iv rhorowout 
theZ?o<^; , which taker h away Hardnefle. Soweefceonev^Wrri^iencth 
againft another. And therefore in making ofCider, they turne the Apples 
firrt vpon a heape. So one Clu/ler o^GrJpes, that toucheth another whileli 
it groweth, ripeneth fafter ; Bttrits contr* Bttrum c/tius matisrefcit. 

Ihe Apples mH4j, xndthc Straw, ripened apparantly, though notfo 
much as the Other ; But the Apple in the Strsv more. The Caufe is, for 
that the Haj and Straw hauc a very low degree oiHeat, but yet Clofe and 
Smoothcring,and which drieth not. 

The v/yipk in the cUfeBex, was ripened alfo : The Cau/e is, for that 
all Aire, kept clofe, hath a degree o^fvarmth : As wee fee in frwll, Ettrri 

Aotethat aH thefewete Compared with tneiher A\^p\c, fi/lhe fame kinder, 
thatlay of it fclfe: Andtn Compariftnofthit, were more sweet^ Andmor<t^ 
Yellow, andje appeared to he more Ripe. 

Take an Apple, or Peare, ororher like Fruit, and Rewlc \x vpon a Table 
hard : VVeelet* in Common Experience, that the /<;«»'//»* doth Soften 
and Sweeten the Frutt ptcfently ; Which is Nothing but the Smooth Di- 
(Irihulion of the Si-iriu into the Parts : For the ruci/uaU Difiributton of tae 
Spirits maketh the HarriflinelTe : But this Hard Rewlmg is betweenc 
CoreofHotf, anti a Simple Maturation 5 Therefore, if you iTiould Rowls 
rliem but gcntlv , perhaps rwice a day 5 And continue it (ome feuen 
daycs , it is like they would Mature more finely, and like vnto the NatH' 
rail Mituratio-i. 

Takl- M\ Apple, and cutout a Peeceof the Top, and couet it, to fee 

whether that Solution ofContiuuity will not hallen a Maturation ^ Wc fee 

, ^_ H 2 that 












Solitary tou- 
ching the Mf 


that where zW»j^e^ otaF/»V, oi a W0rme hath bitten, in a Gupe or any 
Fr»//, ifitwillfwcetenhaftily. 

Take an AffU^ &c. andpricke it with a /'/•full of H»Us^ not deepe, 
and fmeare it a little with Sacke^ or Cimumtaff^sfer, or Spirit of wine ^ eue- 
ry day for ten dayes,t« fee if the Ftrt»»U He»t of the wint^ or Strong craters ^ 
will not ^4;«r*//. 

In tbefe Trialls 4//i>, 4t wot vftd h thtfrftjet anoiber eftht fame Fruits 
hy, to Comfdu them j Aitd try thtm: ky their Yellowneflc, Mi by their 

7 he World hath bccnc much abufcd by ihc Opinion of 
Making vf Gold : The Worke it fclfcl ludgc to bcc poflibkj 
But the Meancs (hitherto propounded) tocfFe(ait,are, m the 
Pradlicc, fuUof Enour andlmpofturc j And in the Theory, 
full of vnfound Imaginations. For co £iy, that Nature hath 
an Intention to make all Metals Gold. And that, it (he were dc- 
liuercd from Impedimenta, (hce would performc her ownc 
Worke j And that, if the Crudities, Impurities, and Lcprofitici 
o^ Met alls vtcrc cured, they would become Gold; And that 
a little §^antityoi the Medicine^ in the Worke of ProieSlion, 
willturnca5caofthci3<</^r Metall imoGoldt by Multiplying: 
Allthefc arc but dreames : And foaie many other Grounds 
of Alcbjmy. And to helpe the Matter, the Alchjmifls call in 
likewjlc many Vanities, outoi/ffirology ; Naturdl Magicke -^ 
Super ftitious Ititerpretaiions oi Scriptures, Auricular Tradi- 
tions \ Faigncd TciXvxionic&oi Ancient Authors \ And the like. 
It is true, on the other fide, they haue brought co light not a 
I few profitable Experiments^ and thereby made the world 
fomeamends. But wee, when wee fiiallcome to handle the 
Verfion and Tranfmutation of Bodies ; And the Experiments 
concerning Metalls^ and Mineralls ; will lay open the true 
WayesandPaffagcsofN^/ttftf, which may leadc to this great 
Effect. And wee commend the wit of the CbinefeSt who dc- 
fpaire of Making of Ga/<^, but arc Mad vpon the Making ot 
5i/«irr;Forcertaincitisj thatitismore difficult to make Ga/(/, 
(which isthemoft Ponderous, and Materiatc amongft Me- 
tails) of other Metalls, lefle Ponderous, and IcfTc Materiatc i 
than ('via'verfa) to make Siluer of Lead, or §}mck'Siluer\ 
Both which arc more Ponderous than Siluer , So tiiat they 


Century. I V. 


need rather a rarclicr Dcq^xcco^ Fixation^ than any CoHdenfati 
on. Iiuhcmcanetime, by Occafion of Hahcliiugthcy^A7j>w<fi 
touching Maturation, wg will dircd a Triall tbuching the Ma- 
turin^ of Metalls , and thereby Turning fornc of them into 
Gold: For wcc concciue indeed, chat a perfcd good Conco6iioH, 
or Di/gefiion, or Maturation ot fomc Mctalls , wjll produce 
Gold. And here we call to mindc, that wc kntvi a Dutch-man, 
thathad wrought himfclfe intothc bciccfeof agrrat Perfon, 
by vndertakingthat hee could make Gold : whofc difcourlc 
was-, that Go/^might be made j B\it that the Alchymifis Onct- 
flrcdthcVVorke.'For ("hcfaid) the A^/w^ of Go/<^ did require 
ji very temperate Heat, as being in Nature a Subterrany workc, 
where little f/^4f commcth ; But yet more to the AldA/»|- of 
Goldi than of any other Metall\ And therefore that hee would 
doe it with a great Lampr, that fbould carry a Temperate and 
hquall Heat : And chat 11 was thcWorkcof many Moncths, 
The Dcuice of the Lampc was folly ; But the Oucr- firing 
now vfed -, And the Equall Heat to bee required ; And th« 
Making it a Workc of ibme good Time j arc no ill Dit 

Wee refort therefore toouf Axiomes of Mdturatien, in Ef^ 
fed touched before. The Firft is, that there hc^feda Tempe- 
rate Heat i Vot they arc cacr Temperate Heats thziVifgeft J and 
Nature ; Wherein wcc tticancr<rm/>^r4ff, according ro the 2V4- 
ture of the Subicd \ For that may bccTemperate to frttits, and 
Liquors, which will not worke ar all Vpon Metalls, The Se- 
cond is, that the Spirits of the Metall bee qttickened,and the Tan- 
gible Parts opened : For without thole two Operationii, the 
\ Spirit otihc M<^m//, wrought vpcn, will nochccabletodi("cft 
the Parts. The Third is, that the Spirits do? fpread tbemfelues 
Eucn^ and mouc not iiubfuhorily ,• Fonhac will make the Parrs 
Clolcancl, Phanr. And this requircih a Heat, that d(3th not 
lifcaiid Lill, but tonrinuc as Fquaihs may bee. The Fourth is 
th.u no Part of the Spirit be efnitted, but detained : For i f f hef c be 
Emif/ottoi Spirit, (hcBodicof thcMf/r/// will bee Hard, and 
Churlilk Atid this will bee performed, partly by the Tcmpif^ 
ofthctirc , And partly by the clolcneflc of the VefiTdi. The 
^ Fifth 



^aiurall Hi/iorj : 


Fiffh is, that there bcc Choycem.ide of the likeliejl andbsfl Pnpa 

\rcdMetall^JortheVerfiOn : Forihat will facilitate the worke. 

j The Sixth is, chat you giuc Time enough fortheWorke v Not to 

prolong Hopes (as the Alchy mills doc; ) but indeed to giuc 

N^/tt/-(? aeon ucnicnt Space to woikcin. Thcfc Piinciplcs arc 

moll: certainc,and true; we will now dcriueadircdion oi Trial 

out of them i which may (perhaps^ by further Meditation, bcc 


Lci therebc as mall FnriMemAdCyO(;iTtmperate If eat ; Let the Heat 
hec fiich^ as may kcepe the MetallperfetuaUy MtitlttBj and no more ; For 
that abone all importcth to the Worke. For the Matcriall, take Sil- 
Her^ which is xhtMtttU that inNaturc Symbolizethmoft with Gold ; 
Putin al fo^ with the ^//ww, a Tenth Part of Quick -filutr^ and a Twelfth 
Partof iV/Vr, by weight j Boththcfe tocjuickcn and open the Body of 
the Metall j And fb let the Worke bcc continued by the Sface of Six Mo- 
i»«i?rjj at the Icait. Iwifhalfbj that there be, at fome times, anlniedi- 
on of fome O-jUd Subftancc ; Such as they vfe in the Recouering of 
Gold : which by Vexing with Separations hathbcene made Churluli 
And this is to lay the Parts more Clofc and Smooth, which is the 
Maine Wcrke. Tot Cold (as wee fee) is the Clofeft (and therefore the 
Hcauieft) o^Afetalls : And is likewifc the moft Flexible, and Tcnfiblc. 
Note, that to thinkcto make Cold o{ Quitk-filuer, becaufcit isthehea- 
uieft, is a Thing not to bee hoped •, Tot Qjtjck-filuer will not endure the 
Mannage of the Fire. Next to Silttgr^ I thinke Cofftf were fittell to be the 

Soficary tou- 
ching the Ka- 



in Contort 





Gold hath thefe Naures ; Greameffe of weight \ cUfeAeJfeofPsrts j 
F /XMtfoo 'y PliaiUfieffe, or So\t»eJfe j Imm»«itj from Ruft ^ Colour ^01 
TinBure ofTeliovo. Therefore the Sure Way, (though moft about,) to 
make Gold^ is to knt)w the Caujes of the Scuerall Natares before rchcar- 
fed, and the Axiomes concerning the flimc. For if a Man can make a 
Metall^ that hath all thefe P/o^erties^ Let Men difpute , whether it be Gold 

The Enducing and Acceleratingo{ PutnfoSiion, is a Subicd 
ofavcry Vniucrfall Enquiry : Vox Corruption \s2l ReciprocaJl 
to Generation : And ihcy Two,arcas Natures twoTer^es or 
Bundaries 3 Ai^d the Guides to Life und Death: ^utrefaSiion is 
the worke of the Spirits ot bodies, wh/ch eucr are Vnquict to 
Get fortb,^nd Congregate with the Aire, andtocnioy the Sun- 
beames: IhcGetting forth ^ot Spreading of the Spirits^ (which 
is a Degree of Gtfm»^>&rf/^ J haih fiue Diflcring 0/)tfrrfr/(WJ. If 


; Century, IV. I 87 

thcSpiritsbc dcraincd within the Body, and monc more vio- 
lently, fhcre ^oWowQth CoIJiquation ; A> in Metalls, &rc. If moic 
Mildly, ihcre followeth Difgeflion^ or Maturation 3 As in 

/Orinkes, and Fruits. U ihc Spirits bcc not mccrcly Detained, 

! but Protrude a little, and that Motion be Confu(cd, and Inor- 
dinate, there followeth Putrefailion j Which cuer diflTolueth 

' t'jc Confidence of the Body into much Inequality ; As in 
F hfJ) ^Rotten Fruit SyShiningWoody &c. And alio uMhcRufl of 
Mstals. But '{{ that Motion be in a ccriainc Order, there fol- 
loweth Viuification, and Figuration j As both in Liuing Crea- 
tures bred o[ Putrefa£lion,2iyd in Liuing Creatures PerfeB. But 
if the<S/>/>/Vjinuc out of the Body, there followeth Defecati- 
on, Induration Conjumption, &c. Asin flr/fA(?,Euaporation of 
Bodies Liquid,Scc. 

The Mcjucs to Ertiuce and Accelerate PutrefdBion^ arc- Firft by Ad- 
dif7s^foMe Crude orrvjtry Moifl.'o-e ', As in Wetting of any FleHi, Fruit, 
VVooJ, wich wwr, &cc. For contrariwifc fnBuous ind OilySub^ances 

The Second is by Inunction or Excitation ; As when a Rotten Apple 
lyeth clofc to another Apple^ that is Sound : Or when Dung ( which is a 
Subftancc already Pntrihed ) is added to other Bodies. And this is al- 
fo notably fcenein church-yards ^ where they bury much • Where the , 
Earth will confume the Corp/, in farre (horter time, than other Earth 

The Third is, by Clofcnejfe ^and Stoppi ng^wh'ich detaineth the Spirits, 
in Pr//e«,more than they would-, And thereby irritateth them to feeke 
Iflliej As in Cornc,and Cloaihs,which wax Mufty^and therefore Open 
Airt*(which they call Aerperflabilis) doth prefcruc: and this doth ap- 
pearc more Euidently in Agues ^ which come(moft of them,)of Objlru- 
fHons, and Penning the //«/?^(?wrf- which there upon Putrifie. 

The Fourth is, by Soinion of Continuity; Aswe fee an Applcwillrot 
fboncr, if itbcCiicor Pierced ^ And fo will Wood, &cc. And fo the 
FK'ili ot Creatures alin j, where they haue recciued any Wound. 
The Fifth is, cither by the E\h.iliiig, or by the Driving bach of the 

priuripall Spirits, which preferucthcConfiftcnceof the fio^-, So that 
when their Goutrnmcnt is DilTolucd, eucry Part returneth to hisNa- 
tiirc,or Hvimogeny. And this appcareth ii\Frim\ and Bloud,w\\en they 
coo!c,anJ thereby breakc ^ It appcarcth alio in the Gangrene, or Mortis 
ficarion ofF/ffj[7,cithcr by Opiates, or by Imcnfe Colds. I conceiue alfo the 
famcEffet^isin Peflilcnces^ for that the A^ali^mtieoi' the JnfcB ingVa- 
porii; diximccihthc PrincipaU Spirits, and makech them fly, and leaue 
their Rcgj?)icnt •, And then the Hnmours,Flefhyand Secondary Spirits ji\oQ 
diflblue and breakc,as in an Anarchy. 

I . . The 













in Coafort 
touching Pr»- 
h'lbiiing and 
PrtiuntiKg Pih 

0\(aturali HiHor) : 


riic Sixth iSjWhcn a Fon-jine Sprit ^ Stronger und mo-e Eager than the 
Spirit of the Hody^ etitreththt Body-^A^ in the Sunging of Servients. And 
mis is tiic Caufe ( generally ) that vpon all Poyfods toUoweth Swelling : 
And wercc^B:'t///«gfol!owcthal(bjWht-n ihc Sprits o[i\\c Body it lehe. 
Congregate too much ^ As vpon i^/a&w, andSr«//e/; Or when they 
arc Pent tn toe much^AS in Swelling vpon C*/^. And we Ice alio, that the 
Spirits comming of PutrefuSiion oi Humours in ungues, &;c, which may 
be counted as Forraine Spirits^though they be bred within the Body,do 
Exringuilli and Suffocate the N^rturall Spirits^ and Heat. . 

Tl;e Scucnth is, by fuch a fveake Degree of Heat ^ asfetteth the Spirits \ 
inaliulc Motion^ but is net able ^ either to difgeji the Parts, orto IJJuethel 
' Spirits J A^ is feen in Flelli iceptin aRoomc that is notCoole: Where- 
as in a Coole and Wet Larder it will keepe longer. And we fee, that 
riuification ( whereof /'«frtf/wS/o« is the Bajlard Brother,) k cffededby 
fuch Soft Heats j As the Hatching of Egges j The Heat of the 

The Eighth is,by the Releajing of the Spirits-, which before wereclofc 
kept by the SolidnelTc of their Couerture, and thereby their Appetite 
ol liruing checked j As in the Artificiall ^«7?j*iBd»ccd by llrong Wa- 
ters, in Iro.iyLead, &c. And therefore rvetting hafteneth Rujl, or Putre 
fiSiion of any thing,becaufe it fofteneth the Cruft, for the spirits to 
come forth. 

The Ninth is, by the Enterchange of Heat and. Cold, or ifet anddrie -, 
As wee fee in the Mouldring ot Earth in Frofts, and Sunne j And 
in the more haftie Rotting of Wood, that is fometimes wet, fome- 
times drie. 

The tenth is, by Time, and the Jvorhe and Procedure of the spirits them- 
Jelttes, which cannot keepe their Station ^ Efpecially if they be left to 
themfelues. And there be not Agitation or Locall Motion. As weie lee 
in Come not ftirred ; And mens Bodies not exerciled. 

AH Moulds are Inceptions oi PutrefaHion -, As the fAoulds^ of Pyes, 
and Flejh-^ the Moulds of Orenges, and Limons;whkh Moulds afterwards 
turne into Wormes, or more odious PutrrfaH ions : And therefore 
(commonly,) proue to be ot ill Odpur. And if the Body be Liquid,and 
not apt to Piitrifie totally J it willcaft vpa^OfWintheTopj As the 
Alothers of D i(lilled waters. 

Mojfe is a Kind of ^o«/</,of the Earth,and Trecs.But it may be bet- 
ter fortcd as a Rudiment of Germination jTo which wc referre it. 

\ih zn Enquiry of Excellent vfe, to Enquircof the Alf^B^i 
oi Preuenting ox Staying PutrefaBion i^ox therein confilbth 
the Meanes o{ Conferuation of Bodies ; For Bodies hauc two 
Kmdes oi Difolittiom ; The one by Confumptionj and Defic 
cation; The oihcr by PmrefA^iion. But as for the Putrefactions 




iof ihc Bodies ot Merit and tiuing Creatures, ( <js in Agues,) 
iWormcsConlumpuons of die Lungs, Impoiiumcs "iVid Vi 
leer.-. both Inwards and Outwards,; they arc agrcac '^ 
\ Phyji eke, and Surgery : And therefore wet will rclcrucrhe £«- 
I qtiirj ot them to the proper Flacc, where wee (hall handle Me- 
l c/ieinad Experiments oi a\[ Sorts. Of thcreltwc will now Eiuer 
I intuan Enquiry : wherein much light may bt takcn^frcm (hat 
; which hath bccncfaid, of ihc Meanes to Enditce or Accelerate 
Putrefi^Mion .For chc Rem juing that,which caused Putre/Mi- 
y», doth lYeucnrand Auoi d Puire/ii6lion. 

ThcRTdtMeaaesoi'' P rohtittin^ox checking FMtrefaBien^ hCtli : For 
fo wc lee that Mc.u an«l Drinke will U!t longer, Vnpiitrificif, or Vnfow- 
raf, in Winter, in Summer: AnJ wee fee that riowchjand FriiitSj 
p,nt in Conlcruatoric's ot Snow, kcepc frcfh.And-this workcthbv the De- 
tention of r!ie Sp i(-\ ar.d Cenftipation of the Taagible Parts. 

1 he icxviuJis Ajintlton : For .-///>7(-T/<;»prohibitcrh DiffeUtien: As wc 
lee (gcntTiiliy) in Medicines, whereof inch as are A^rmgead d(Xr inbibitc 
PMircfiHun : And by the laaic rcafon oiAftrtr^tncj, fonie frnall c;^an-rity 
of Oilt; of Vitrioll,will kccne freili Water long from Pmriffieg, And this 
JjlrtclioH is ui a Sublfancc thar liach a Virtuall CtlJ-^ And it worketh(part- 
Iy)by the Cimc Mcancs that Cold doth. 

The Third is, the Excluding oi the Aire ; Andagaine, ihcExpf/in! 
t0 the Aire : F or thclc Contraries , (as it commcth often to paile, ) workl- 
the (auieElfccI, according tothe Natureof the Subiccl Marrcr. Sc; we 
fee, thatB^f;<r, ox nine, in Bottles clofe ftoppcd, latllong • That the 
Girners -vnder Grtund keepe Conic longer.than tho(e abnue Ground ; 
And that Fr»/V clofcdinWAX keepcthfrelh ; Andlikewife /?oi/« pur in 
Honey ^.md Flower, keepe more frefli : And Liquors, Dri»kes^ai\\ layce^^ 
with a little Oy/f caft on the Top, kcepefrerh. Contrariwile, wcfee th.nt 
cUth and AppxreU^ nor Aired doe breed Moathes, and Mould ; and the 
Oiucrl'ty is, rhar in B«d:ei{[v\t need Detention ^^i Spirits, the Exciufiun 
of the A^l■ed^d^ gcoj , As in Drinkes, and Come : But in Bodies that need 
Rmijjion olSpintf, to difchargt fomc of the Superfluous MoilUire, it dotl; 
huTi, fvU the. rcH]nirC: Airing. 

rhe Fourth is AUtioo, Av^d .^tirrin^ • For Putrefailion askcth Refl ^ For 
ihe.Stibti!! Motion, w'h\chrut>e/ifliof> rcquircrh, isd.'llurbcd bvany ,i- 
oitatMrt 5 And x\ Lcctli .^io::onV.Qz^xh Bodies Inregrall, and th^irl^irts 
ro^c.'lxv ; Aswcc fv.erhatTuviiin'j.ouerof ComcinaGarncr • OrLcc- * 
riitgitrunnr likcau Houre-glallc, from an vppcr Roomc intoa Lower, i 
doth keepe it Sweet: AndRunningVVateis putreficnot ; Andm M<hs 
Bodies, EvcTcifehmicrerh P«tr0c7/w; Andconnariwifc Ar//.a .d want j 
of ..Vo;;o«,otScappinhis, (whereby the Kunnc of Humours, or the Motion! 
ofPc-rfpirarion, is iUie^*',) fuvther PutreJftHtem • As v/cepartlvtoiTche.!a ! 
littlebcfoie. :V:o^ : ' I 

ThL- ' ' 














0\faturail HiHcr) : 

^= _ ^ -_ 

The Fifth is, the Brentniag forth of the ^dufntiWHf Matlim e in hodits ; 
For as tvetting doth halten PHtrefaBton . So Cemenient Drytng, (whereby 
the more Radicall Moifiure is oncly kept jd,) puiteth backc Putrefailjon : 
So we (ec that Herh, and F lowers, i( they he dried in the Shade j Or dried 
in the hot Siinne, for a fmall time keepe beft. For the Etnijfion or the Loo/e 
anAMueatitieus Meijlure^ doihbi:uay the Radicali Moijinre ; Andcarri- 
cth it out for Company. 

The SixthiSy the Sirengthentngof the spirits 0/ Bodies ^ For as a Gre4t 
He At kcepeth Bodies from PutrefaBiott ; But a Tepide Heat encHneth them 
to PutrefaBion : SoaStrongi/'/W/ likewife preferucthj and a Weake or 
Faint spirit difpofcth to Corruption. So wee finde that Salt water corrupt- 
eth not fo fooneas Frcfh : And Salting of Oifters,anH Powdring of Meat, 
kcepeth them from P«fr0S;>». It would bee tried alfb, whether C/;4/jlrr 
put into Water y or Drinke^ doth not prelerue it from Putrefying , or fpcedv 
Souring. So wc fee that 5/rtf«gBwrrwilllaft longer than (mall 5 And all 
Things, thatarc hot and Aroma ticall, doe helpc to preferue Liquors, or 
PowdcrSj&c. Which they doe,as well by Strengthning the Spirits^asby 
Soak ing out the loofc Moijlure. 

The Seuenth is, Separatiotoofthe Cruder PartSy and thereby making </»* 
Bedy more Equally for all vnperfcdt Mixture is apt to Putrefie ; And Watry 
Sublbnces are more apt to Putrefie, than Oyly. So wee fee dillilled Wa- 
ters will laft longer than Raw Waters ; And thingsthathaue parted the 
Fire, doe laft longer, than thofe that hauc not pafled the Fire • As Dried 

The Eighth is, the Drawing forth contitmaUy of that Part, -where the Pu- 
trefaBion begittneth j Which is (commonly) the Loofe aud^yatrj Moifiure j 
Not only for the Reafon before giuen> that it prouoketh the Radtcdl Mot 
flure to come forth with it ; Put bccaufe being detained in the Body , the 
P«/rr/«HM» taking hold of it, infedeth the relt : Aswefec inthe£»»^'»/w- 
iug dead Bodies : And the fame Reafon is of Prefertung Htrlfs, or Fruits^ or 
Flnrers, in Bran, or Meale. 

The Ninth is, the Commixture of any Thing that U more Oily, or Sweet ; 
For fuch Bodies are leaft apt to Putrefie, the Aire working little vpon them: 
And they not putrefying prelcruc the reft. And therefore wee fee Syrups ^ 
and Ointments, will laft longer, than luyces. 

The Tenth is, the Commixture offometchat that ii Dry j Vox Putrefa- 
Bion bcginneth firft from the Spirits j And then from the AUifiure .• And 
that that is dric is vnapt to putrefie : And therefore Smoakc prefcTuethj 
Flefh i As wee fee in Bacon, and Neats-Tongues , and Martlemas 
Bccfe, &c. 

The Opinion of fome of the Ancients , that Blowne Aires dos prc- 
lerue Bodies j longer than other ^/>«, feemeth toMcc Probable ; For 
thitthe Blotvne >4<r«, being Ouer-chargcd and Comprefled, will hard- 
ly rcceiue the Exhaling of any Thing, 6ut rather repulieit. It was tried 
in a Blowne Bladder, whereinto Flefh was put, and likcwife a Flower, and 
itfortcdnot : ForDr; Bladders will not Blow •• And A'ew Bladdors ra- 

Qentnrj I V. 

jthcr further PutrefdBion : The way were thcreforej to blow rtrongly^ 
(WirhaPaircof Bcllowes, into a HogiVic.ul, putting into the Hagiliead 
{(betbrc) that which you would banc prcforucd ; Andintheiitftantthae 

• you w. thdraw the Bellovves, fti^p the Hole dole. 


THe ExperihtetH odVccd that Shheth in the Ddrke, wehaue diligently 
driucn,andpurfucd : The rather, for that of all Things, thatgiue 
; Light here below, it is the moft durable ; And hath lealt Apparent Mo- 

• tion. Fire and Plame arc in continuall txpcnce j Sit«4r ibiix-tli oncly 
; while it isin Scraping j And Sdltwater while it is in Dafliing ;, gUw- 

vpormti haue their Shining while they liue, or a little alter. Onely Suits 
oiFi(his (Pucrificd) feemetobce of the fame Nature with Sbming ^v>*W ; 
And it IS true, that all FtitrefjBint hath with it an luward Motion, as 
wcHasFirr, oxLioht. ThcTrisll fortcdthus, i. The Shining i-iin fomc 
Pccces mycQ Bright-^ in (oinc more Dimnte ; but the molt lir':ght of all 
dothnotatraincto the Light of a CltfJT'jy^r^wf . i. The w»*<!^/ that haue 
bccne tried to ilnne, arc chiefly S*lLowa.nd mU»w • Alfotiic -Afh^ and 
HAJle ; Ir may bee, itholdeth in others. 3. Both Rtots^ and Btdies doe 
nunc, bit the- AV<?/j better. 4. The Ctf/wr of the shtni»g P4,t^ by Day- 
light, isinfbmc Pccces wA/^f, in fomc Pccces inclining to /f^ij Which 
in iheCoutitrcy they call theiVhite, and Jlfd Garret, j. The Part tliat 
Shinrrth, is, (for the moll part) fomewhat 5^/"/, and yi/w/ to fcele to ; 
BurfoniL' was found to bee F/>wf , and ^4r<i • Soasitm'ghtbee figured 
intoaCroIfe, or into Beads, &c. But you mull not looketo.haucan I- 
magc, or the like, in any thing that is Lightfome j For euen a face in 
Iron red Hot will notbcefcenc, the Light confounding the fmall diffe- 
rences of Lightfome and Darkfomc, which lliew rhe figure. 6. There 
wisthe Shi0tr^ Partparedtf, till you came tothat, that did not Shine 5 
But within t^^'o Dayesthe PdrtContigvfut beganne alfl) to ShinCy being 
laid abroad in the Dew ; So as it fcemeth the I'utrefaftion Ipreadeth. 

7. There was other dead wood of like kinde, that was Uid aLroaH^ which 
Shined v\oizx. thcfirft ; butafter aNights lying abroad began to Shitte. 

8. There was oXhcxH^'ttd^ that did Fir^^im: And being laid dry in the 
Houfc, withih fiue or fix dayes, Lojl the (hinin^ ;"1\i)d laid abroad a- 
gainc , Rttouered the Shining. ^. Sh'ming Woods ^ being laid in a Dry 
iJwwf, within a Scucn night, loll their Shining j But being laid in a 
CelUr^w Danke Rocmc, kept the Shining. 10. The Bearing oflJole^^ in 
that kinde ot Wood, and then laying it abroad, Iccnierh ro conduce to 
rnakeit.">^/ffr: ThcCjrt/cis, f)r that all 5<'/fl</M of C*wj»«//^ doth heipe 
on Putri/aHion^ as was touched before, ir. No treod hath bcene yet 
tried to .N"/'/ff^, that was a^dfir^e sIHk^^ botfuch as was Rotted^ both in 
Stockc, and Hoot, while it grew. 11. Part ofthe»rW that 5A/W</, was 
JleepcdinOyU, and retained the Shimngn Forthnight. 13. Thelikefuc-' 
cccdcd inibmc Steepedin n.iter^ and much better. 14. How long the 
Shining^\v\\\ continue, if x.\\civ$dd bccUd thrttdeacry N^ht^ md taken 
• and Sprinkled with ifater in the/X/, is not yit tried. 15. TriaJl was 

I made 



Solitary cou- 
ching •»>«< 



[h(aturall tdifiory : 

Solitary tou- 

kraiicntj Birtb. 


Soliiaiy- tou- 
Uratton of 



made oiUying it abrtAdin Fro/lj/H^cnthtr jWhich hurt it aor. 1 6. There was 
agreat/'ftwofa^wfwhichdidrtiine, and the Shining P^ntwasCntaf] 
till no more Shincd 5 Yet after two Nights, though it werekeptinadry 
Roome, it got a Shining. 

T He Bringing forth oi LimBgCreatures may bee accelerttedinivfoVic- 
fpcds : The one, if the Embryan ripcueth and perfeftcth fooncr : The 
other jf there be fom e Caufe from the Mothers Body, o'iBxpnlfion or Put- 
tingitdowne : whereof the Former is good, and arguethltrcngth j The 
Latter is ill, andcommethby Accident or Difeafe. And therefore the An- 
cient oyjerMtitn is true, that the Childc borne in the fenenth Monetb^ doth 
commonly well j But Borne in the Eighth Montth^ doth (for the moft part) 
die. But the C4i»/f afllenedis Fabulous j Which is .that in the Eighth Mo- 
neth, fhould bee the Returnc of the Reigne, of the PUnet Satitrne .'which 
(as they fay) is a PUnet Maligne j whereas in the Scucnth is the 
Rcignc of the Moone, which is a Planet Propitious . But the true Canfe is, 
for that where there is fo great a Preuention of the Ordinary time, it is the 
LufiineJJe of the Childe ^ But when it is Icfle , it is fome indijpofition of the 

TO Accelerate Growth (X Stature^ it muft proceed j Either from the 
Plenty of the Nonrifhment j Or from the Nature of the NoMrilhmtnt ; 
Or from the Quickening and Exciting of the Naturall Heat. Forthcfirft, 
Excejfe oi No»ri(hment is hurtfull 5 For it maketh the Childe Corpulent j 
And Growii^ in Breadth, rather than in Heighth. And you may take, 
an Experiment from P/rfs^i, which, if they fpread much, are feldomc 
tall. AsforthciV4/»reoftheiVwn/i&wt»r;Firlt, itmaynotbcetooDry; 
And therefore Children in Dayry Countries doe wax more tall, than 
where they feed more vpon Bread, and FlciTi. There is alfoareceiucd 
Tale ; That Boyling oiDafte Roots in Mtlke (which it is certaine are great 
Driers) will make 2)<'^f little. Butfo much is true, that an Ouer-dric^j 
Nourifhment in Childhood putteth backe Stature. Secondly, theiV*<»- 
rijhmentvnw^Wo'i znOfeningNature j For that Attenuafrcth thcluyce, 
and fur thereth the Motion of the Spirits, vpwards. Neither is it with- 
out Caufe, xkiXiXenofhon.^ in the Nouritnre o^xhe Perfian Children.^ doth 
fo much commend their Feeding vpon Cardi^mon • wbich (hcc faith) 
made them grow better, and bee of a more A Jliue Habit. Cayddmoa is in 
Latinc T^flftrtium ; And with vs tvater-Creff'ts y Which, it is cctMine, is 
anHerbe, thatwhileft it is young, is Friendly toLilc. As tor the ^*,/fib- 
ning of NatnraH Heat., it muft bee done chiefly with Exercife ; And there- 
fore (nodoiibt) much Going toSchoole, where they fit fo much, hin- 
dercthrheGr#»'ri&of<:i&;Wr^w ; \Vhcrcas Countrey People, thatgoenot 
to Schoole, are commonly of better Stature. AndagaineMen muft be- 
ware, how they giueCi!»/7</rw, any thing that is Coli'in Operation , For 
cuen Long-Smcking doth hinder both Wit, and Stature. This hath becne 
tricdj that a Whclpe, that hath bccae fed with Nitre in Milke, hath be- 

Century, 1 V. 

conv; very litdc, but cxrrcinc line ly : For the Spirit o^ Nitre is CcU. And 
though ic be an Excellent Medicine, in Strength ofveares, forProlon- 
gatiiMi ofLife ; Vf^rit is, in Children and young Creatures, on Enemy to 
dt-owth : And all for the fame Reafon ^ For Heat is rcquilite to Growth : 
Butaftcr a Man is come tohis Middle Age, A^Mrconfiimcth the Spirits 
which the Coldncffcof the Spirit of A'wr^ doth helpeto condcnfe, and 

^bf^rcbe two Great FamiUesoi Things : You may terme 
ihcm by fcucrall Names j Sulphureom and Mercurial^ which 
arc the Ci^^w*//?/ Words : (For as for their Sal^ which is their 
Third Principle, it is a Compound of the other two -jfw/^^w- 
mabb and Not Inflammable j Mature and Crude ; Oily and Wa- 
try. For weclcc that mSubterranics there are, as the Fathers o{ 
their Tribss, Brimflone and Mercury : In Vegetables, and Li- 
uing Creatures, there is IVaternndOyle : In the Injeriour Order 
of Pneum.nicah there is Aire and Flame : And in the Superiour, 
there ibthc Body of the Starre, and the Pure Sky. And thc^ 
I'dircs, though they bcc vnHkc in the Primitiuc Differences of 
Matter, yet they fccmc tohaucmany Conlcnts : For Msrcury 
and Sulpbiire arc principall Materiailsof Af^/4//j j Water and" 
Oyle arc principall Materials of f^r^if/^i/^j and Animals j And 
feemc to differ but in Maturation, or Conco5iion : Flame ( in 
Vulgar Opinion) isbutAire Incenfed ; And they both hauc 
Qmckncffc of Motion, andFacihty of Ce/Tion, much ahkc: 
And the IntcrficSarSkie, (though the Opinion be value, that 
the Starre isihe Denfer Part ot hisOrbe) hathnotwithfland- 
mgfo much Affinity with the Starre, that there is a Rotation 
of that, as well 3S of thcStarre. Therefore, it is one of the crrea- 
red Magnalta Nature, to turnc Water, oxWatry hyce^ into Oyle 
or Oyly luycc: Greater in Narurc,ihan to turnc Siluer, or ^ick- 

• The Inft.inceswchaue, wherein Crude am ir.itrj Subftancc turncrh in' 
to e*t and oyly, arc of fourc kinds.Firft in the Mixture of E.irih iod H-'ater- 
which mingled by the hclpc of the Sun, gather a Nitrous FarncfTL-, more 
than cither of them hauc feuerally j As wee fee, inihat they put forth!^ which ncctlboth luyces. 

The Second is in the A(f>mii4tif/j of Nourifhrnetu , made in the Bo- 
dies of Plant.' ^avif.] LtMin'^ Creatures ^ Wiicrcof ^/.Mttturne thcluvccof 
mccrc nater and Earthy into a great deale of Oyly Af alter : Liuing Crej- 

I 2 tures. 

9^ \ 

m Conlott, 
couching S«/- 
phur and Xer- 
curjftyio of Pa- 
raetlfM Trmi- 



94- 1 

^jiturall Hijiorj: 



Solitary tou- 
ching CJum- 

«ro, though much of their F<Ji and f/*/&, areaiit of Oy/; /tUments, (as 
•Afcdf and fifM^) yet they Afliniilate alio in a Mc-afurc their Drtnke of 
W-'^J'^/', &c.But thcfe two Waves ot Vcrfitnoi H'.ittr into Ojle^ (tiamely 
by Jdixtwrct and by ^jftmildtifin) are by many Paflages, and Perco- 
lations, and by long Continuance of foft heats, and by Cirauts of 

The third is mihcInceptiMoiPinrefiilion-^ As inWdter Ctrrmfted-^had 
the Mttbtrs of fiOrcr/ DtJtilUd j Both which haucakindeof Pttnejfe 01 

The Fourth is in the D»UorMi»noi (omt MetMs\ asSacehdjMm 5«- 

f«riw, &:c. 

The Intention of rerjitn of ^^/rr into a more oHji sd>Jli>ice, is by 
r>/y^r/?w»i For 0//if is almoll Nothing elfe but fritter difgejted -^ And this 
DiJgefiio»is principally by Heta ; Which Heat muft be ci^ciOutwsrd^ « 
Inward : Againc, itmaybebyProiiocation, or Excitation ^ Which is 
caufed by the Mingling of Bodies already Oilyov Dtfgefied j For they 
will fomewhat Communicate their Nature with the reft. D$fgepi0nsAr 
fo is ftror^ly effeded by dired A^\miUti«n^ of BotUes Cr»de into £4dtei 
Difgefled j Asini'/<««f/,andZ./««»gCnfi/»r«, wholcNourifhrneotisfar 
more Crude than their Bodies : ButthisD//|f/7wii is by a great Com- 
pafle, as haib beenefiid. As for the more full handling of thcfc two 
Principles, whereof this is but a Taftc •, (theEnqury of which is one of 
the Profoundeft Enquiries of Nature) Wee leauc ic to the Tttle of fTtr. 
fionoi Bodies -^ Andhkewifeto the r«/tf of the BirftCoigregatiomoiMat- / 
ter J Which like a Gencrall Aflembhc of Eltates, doth giue Law toaU j 

AChemelfOH is a Creature Joam the Eigncfle of an Ordinary Li 
zard : His Head vnpropottionablybig j His Eyesgr.:at: Hccmo- 
ucth his Head without the writhing of his Ncckc (which is inflexible) 
asiHaggedath : HisBackeaooked ; His Skin Spotted with little Tu- 
mours , lefle Eminent nearer the BcUy j his Tailc (lender, and long : On 
each Foot he hath fiue Fingers ; three on the Outride,and two on the In- 
fidc J His Tongue ofa Maruellous Length inrefpcd of his B>xly,jnd hol- 
low at the end j Which hee will launch out to prey vpon F/u'/. OtCo- 
lour Greene, and of a dusky Yellow, brighter and whiter tow.irJs the i 
Belly;, Yet fpottedwith Blew, White, and Red. Ifhceb?c laidvponl 
Greene, the Greene predominateth j If vpon Yellow, the Yellow ^ not 
fo if he be laid vpon Blew, or Red, or Wliitc ; Onely the Greene Spots 
rcceiue a more Orient LulUe : Laid vpon Blacke, hee lcx)keth all Bjacke, 
though not without a Mixture of Greene. Hecfcedeth notoncly vpon 
Aire(thoughthatbeeliisprincipall Suftenance j) For fometinies heej 
takethF//«, aswasfaid j Yet fome that haue kept Chitneleemn whole] 
yeere together, could neuer petceiue that euer they fed vpon any Thing 
dfcbut Aire J And might obferue their Bellies tofwell after they had 
cxhaufted the Aire, and clofed their lawes 5 Which they open com- 


Qenturj i V. 


Solitary toa- 




monlyagaintt the Hayes ot the Sunnc. Thcyhaucafoolill-i Tradition 
I in AJjfricie,xhM if a Ckwitlio'i Dc burnt vpon I'ac Top of a Hoi.ik-,tc will 

raiit* A rcmpclf ;Suppoiing(according to their vauic DreanK^s oi'sjm- 
\j>i2thicj ) bccaule he- nourifiiLih with Aire, his Body lliould hauc great 

venue to make Impreirion vpon the Aire. 

IT is reported by one of the Ancients, that in Part o(Media^ there are 
Eruptions oi Flames out oi'Plaines j And that tho(c pLwies are clecrej 
andcait not forth liich Smoake, and Allies, and Pummicc, as ^oun- 
j tdim Flimes do.The Rcaron(no doubt)is,becaule the plume is not pent, 
as it is in J/(ii««t./;«f j,and Eanh-quakes wliich caft f/j;«f.Thcre be alfo 
fome Blind Fires ^ytndcx 5*o«r,which flame not out,but Oile being pow- 
red vpon them, they flame out. The Caufe whereof is, for that it Ice- 
mctli, the Fire is fo choaked,as not able to rcmone the Stonc,it is ^ 
rather than f/jwit? J Which neuerthelcflc is fulfidentto Enflamc the 

r T is reported, tliac in fome Lakes, the yvater is fo Nltrsus^A^ if Foulc Evpcrimenc 
iCloatlies be put into it, itfcourcth them of it felfc : And if they fl:ay Soi.w.)- tou- 
any whit long, they moulder away. And the Scouring Vertue ot Nitre 
is the more to be noted jbecaufe it is a Body Cold ■ And wee fee mtrme 
W.ner Icourcch better than Co/^.But the Caufe is,for chat it hath a Sub- 
till Spirir,\vhich feucreth anddiuidethany thing that is foulc,and Vil- 
cous,and iHcketh vponaBotiy. 

TAkc a Bladder, the greatcft you can get ; Fill it full of Wind, and 
tye it about the Necke with a filke thred waxed i And vpon tliat 
put likewifc Wax very clofe ; So that when the Necke of the Bladder 
drieth,no Aire may pofl!bly getin, or out. 'Then bury it three or fourc 
foot vndcrr the Earth, in a fault, or in a Confer uatory of Snow, the Skovc 
being made hollow about tlie 5 /rfo/^/^r •, And after fome Forthnights 
diftance,fce whether the Bladderbe i'hrunke:For if it be,thcn it is plaiti 
that the Coldncjfc of the Earth, or Snow, hath Condenled the Aire, and 
orought it a Degree nearer to H'-ater : Which is an Experimcnc of great 


IT is a report of iome good credit, that in Dcepe Caucs^therc are Pen- 
file Cryjla/i, and Decrees o{^ Cryjhdl that drop from aboue; And in 
romeorher,( though uiorerarHyj that rifefrom below. Which though 
it be chiefly the worke of Cold, yet it may bee, that Water, that pal- 
fcth thorow the Earth, gjithcrcth a Nature more clammy,and fitter to 
Congeale, and becoime Solid, than Water of it fche. Therefore Trial! 
would be made,to lay a HeapeofEarth,iugreatFrofts,vpona Hollow 
Veflcll, putting a Canuafe betwccne, that it tallcth notiii And powrc 
Water vpon it,in luch Quantity, as will be fure to foake thoroW; And 
("ce whether it will not make an harderlce in the bottome of theVeflel, 

I 3 and ' 

Solittry tou« 

ioliisjy tou- 
ihing Ci'"i^<a- 
!iKe^ otH'aiir 




J\(aturall Hiskry. 


tcKiching Ptt- 
/truing ofRnfi. 
tuuii both m 



touching the 
Cencimtauce o( 



j an J Iciic ape to cliflblue,ihaii orduiariiy.l iiippoic ailOjthac u you make 
j the Earth narrower at the bottomc,than at the Top,in faihion of a Sij- 
' gar Loatc Rcucrred,itwillhelpethe Experiment.Forit will make the 

Ice, where it Ifllieihjlcfle i« bulkej and euermore Smalncfle ofQuan- 

tity is a Helpeto rerjien. 

TAke DamaskeRofes\flwd pull them j Then drie theiii vpontheTop 
of an Houfc, vpon a Lead orTarras,in the hot Sunnc^in a cleere 
day.bctwcene the Houres(onely )of twekie and two j or there abouts. 
Then put them into a Sweet Dry Earthen BettU^ot aGlaJJcyWith narrow 
^ M.outhes,ftuffing them clofe together, but without BruUing : Stop the 
' Hottle or Glijje clofe, and thefc Rofes will retaine, not onely there fmeli 
•Perte(5V,but their Colour frefh, for a yeareatlea(t.Nore,ihat Nothing 
, doth fo mucli delhoy any Plant, or other Body, either by PutrefaHioH^ 
or ^nficfio»,as the Aduentitious MotJiurCy which hangeth loo/c in the 
Body, if it be not drawne out. For it betrayeth and tollerh forth the /«- 
«.//f and RadicallMoiJlure,a\oi\g with it,when it felfe goeth forth. And 
therefore in Liuing Creatures y Moderate Sweat doth preferue the luice 
of the Body.Note that thefe Rofts, when you take them from the Dry 
/>/(r,hauc Male or no Smell , So that the Smell is a Second Smelljihui if- 
fueth out of ihcf/ojTfr afterwards. 

THe Continuance of /"/^we, according vnto the diuerlity of the Bedy 
£«y?^?»7f<^,&othcrCircum(lances,is worthy the Enquiry^Chiefiy, 
for that though F/a»2ebe(almoft)ofa Momentany Lafting,yet it recei- 
ueth the xMore, and the LefTerwe will|feft therefore fpeake(at Jargc)o} 
Bodies E>iflamedyWho[ly,indimmcdia.i\y, without any w/fX'etohcIpc 
the Injiiimmnion. ASpoonfuU oi Spirit oiWiney a little heated, was 
taken, and it burnt as long as came to iidPulfcs. The fame Qiianti 
zy o{Spirit of^/«f,Mixcd with the Sixth Partof a Spoonfull otNitre^ 
burnt but to the fpace of 94. PuUes. Mixed with the like Quantity of 
B.y p/tjS^.Pulfes.Mixed with the like Quantity o( Gunpowder ^whick 
diflblucd into a Blackc water, iio.Pulfcs. ACube,orPc]lerof Te/kw 
Pr.7.v, was takcn,as muchas halfe the spirit oimne^ and fct in the Mid- 
deft, and it burnt onely to the fpace of Sy.PulfesjMixed with the Sixth 
Parr of a fpoonfiill o'i Milkc^k burnt to the (mcc of 100. Pulfes ; And 
the Alillewas crudlcd. Mixed with the Sixth Part of a fpoonelull oi 
fr.iter^k burnt to the fpace of s ^. Pulfcs ; With an Equdl £)^i>itity ol 
fVJter^ onely to the lpaceof4. Pulfes. ASmall/»f^/'/ewas Jaidintho 
Middeft; andthei';>/m o^Wine burnt to the fpace of $>4. Ffftfes. A 
Pecce of W-'otfi/,of the bigneffe of an Arrow,and about a Fingers length, 
wasfet vp in the Middeft, and the spirit oiWine burnt to the fpace of 
94.Pulfes. So that the Spirit oimne Simple yendined the Ibngeft ; And 
the Spirit, of mne with the Bay-Salty and the Equall J^antity of er 3 
were the fhorteft. 

Cpnfidcr well,whether the mote fpeedy Ceingforth ofthcfame,bee 


. ^enturj 1 V. 

caiifcdjby x\\c Greater Vigour of cIk' Fltme 'n\B itrning-i^x by ritt Re-jijli/iii- 
ohhiil^odymixid^ anditie »^«crjt(5« thereof to take f/./«zr;VVhK-h will 
appcarc oy thcr Qu.xntiiy of the Spirit oHm/ie, thacrcmiincth after the 
Going oui ot the tUmc: And it iccmeth clcarely tobc thclatti-r -, t^or 
that tlic Mixture of Things Icaft apt to biirne,is the Spccdieit in going 
out. Ar.d note, by the way, that Spirit of IVine burned, till ^t 
gocoiitoiic fcifc, will burne no more , And talkth nothing fo hot in 
the Mouth-,as it diJj No nor yet rower,(as if it were a degree towards 
rinc^er^) w'iiich Burnt mne doth . but flat and dead. \\\\ \ -r 

N ote, chat in the Experiment difyax aforelaid, the ^^x difloJued in 
the burning,and yccdid not incorporate it lclte,with the Spirit of wine 
to produce one Fhrre : but whcrcibcuer the Wjx floated,the pLttue for- 
fookc itjtill at lalt it Iprcad all ouet, and put the Flame c^mie out. 

The Experiments of the Mtxrures of the Spirit offfine etiflamed arc 
Things of Di!c:>uery, andnotofVl'e ; Butnowweewilirpeakeofthe 
Continx.m:e oi Finues ^\l\ch as are vfcd for Candles, Lampcs^ or Tapers • 
coni)ihngof/y7/^.;w7;;j/'/c Al-?fffrj-,and ofaf;'/V/'cfhat prouoketh Inflj. 
m.itioii. And this iaiportoth not only Difcouery, but ahb Vfe and Pro- 
fit 5 For it is a great Saaing, inalHlich Lights, if they can be made as 
faireand bright as others, and yet lait longer. Pf'^.v /»/rr<? made into a 
Cand!c,and W.ix .'!'// Wfeuerally into Candle-ftuffe,with the Particu- 
lars that 'io\[ow-^(yizjyjter,Aqua-vit,£,MilL\Bayfalt^Oyle^Butter Nitre 
Brimfione^ S.nv-dujl^ ) Eucry of thcfc bearing a Sixth Part to the fvux ■ 
And eucry of thcfc Candles mixed, being of the fame Weight and 
Wiekc with the irjx /'«rf jproued thus in thcBurning, and Laltin ^ 
The l\viftcft in Confuming was that with Surp-duji j Which firft b^ir- 
ned faire, till fdme part of the Cjndle was conlumed, and the Duft ga- 
thered about the Snarte J But then it made the Snaftcbigge, and long ' 
and toburne duskiflily, and the Candle wadcdirf halfe the time of the 
n-'ax Pure. The next in Swiftne(re,were the 0/7f,and Butter, which con- 
fumed, by a rifth part, ijvifter than the P«rf ;r*;.v. Then followed in 
SwittncfTc the Cleareivax it felfe.Then theB^'-Si3'ft;which lafted about 
an Eighth Part longer than the Cleare tvav. Then followed the Aqua' 
vit<e, which lafted about a Filth part longer than the clearefvax. Then 
followed the AliU^iud W'.ftTjWith little difference from the A(iua-vit<e 
but the Water floweft. And in thefe fourc laft,the niekewould /pit forth 
little Sparkcs. For thcNltre, it would not hold lighted abouefome 
Twelue Pulfcs ; But all the while it would fpirout Portions oi^lms- 
whichaltevwards would gbe out into a vapour. V orihc Brimftone it 
would hold lighted, much about the fame time with the Nitre- But 
then after a litt.e whi e,it would harden and cake about the Snaftc- So 
rhar the Mixture o^ Bay- Salt with wag^ will win an Eighth part Of the 
rimcoflaiting,and the w'jfcra Fifth. ;;-.-; 

After theS'eucrall Materialls were tried,Trialf was likewife made of 
feucrall ;;•/> /-a j As of Ordinary Corfa«- Sowiri^Thred-^ Rujh • silke- 
Strav ; and ivood. The Silke^strum, mdsyood, would flame a^littlc, fill 
. ^ they 










J\[aturall HiMory: 


thcv came to the fT^.v^and then goc out : ot'chi: Other 1 lirce, the 7 breed 
conliinicdfafter than the CofM«, bya SixTh^->artof liiDt •■ lihc Cotton^ 
next : Then the Rufb confnmcd flower than the Cottofj^byat Icaft a third 
part of time. For the Bigncffeof the plame^ the Cotton^ and Thred^.cAd 
a Flame much alike ; and the Ru^ much leire,anQ dimmer.^^;^, whe- 
ther ^^'ot;^, and ^zVitTX both, as in Torches, confume fafttr, than the 
Wiekes simple. 

We hauc fpoken of the Seuerall jM^teri alls ^and the Seuerall mekes: 
But to the lafiing of the Flame^iz imporreth aUbjNot only what the M'l- 
terinUisJaut in the fa me^^fmrf//, whether it be Hard,SoftjOid,Ncw, 
&c,Good Houfewiues,to make their Candles burnc the Ionger,vfe to lay 
them ( one by one ) in 5w«, orf WffjWhich make them Lwrdetjand lo 
they Confume the flower; In fo much, as by this meanes, they will out- 
laft other C<?«(^/f/,of the fame Stuffe, almott Halfe in Halfe. For Bran 
and f /ower haue a Vertue to Harden : So that both Age, and lying in 
the BraOj dothhelpe to the Lafttng. And we fee that fr.?x Candles laft 
longer than Tallew Candles ^eczwie wax is more firme, and hard. 

The Lafiingoi flame aKo dependeth vponthe eafie Drawing oi^ the 
Noimjhmext'^ As we ice in the Court oi England^there is a Seruice which 
they call ^U-nr(rh^which is(as it were )a great Cake of Wax,vvith the 
Wieke in the Middeft j whereby itcommeth to pafle, that the VVicke 
fetcheth the Nourifiiment further off. We fee alfo that Lawps laft lon- 
ger, becaufe the VefTcil is farre broader, than the Brcdth of a Taper j^r 
Candle. . , . 

Take a.TurrettedLampeoiTinae,made inthe forme of a Squire^The 
•Height of the Turret being thrice as much, as the length of the lower 
part whereupon the Lampe ftandeth .- Make only one Hole in it, at the 
End of the Returne furflieft from the Turret, Reuerfc it, and fill it full 
of Oz7f, by that Hole. And thenfetit vprightagaine-Andput a Witke 
in at the Hole j And lighten it; You fliall finde that it will burnc flow, 
and a long time.Whichis caured,{ as was faid laft beforc,}for that the 
Flame fetcheth the NQurijhment afarre off. You fhall findc alfb, thatas 
the Oile wafteth, and defcendeth,fo the Top of the Turnt^by little and 
little, fiUeth with Aire 5 which is caufed by the Rarefadion ofthe Oile 
by the Heat.It were worthy the Obfcruation, to make a Hole, in the 
Top of the 7«rrff ,andto trie, when the Oile is almoft confumcd, whe- 
ther the Jire made ofthe 0/7f ,if you put to it a pUme of a Ca^idl'-^m t he 
letting of it forth, will Enflame. It were good aifo to hauc the Lampc 
made,not of T/wwfjbut of clajp^ihat you may fee how the Vapour, or 

A Fourth Point, that importeth the lajling ofthe Flame, is the clofe- 
nejfe ofthe ^w,wherein the Flame burneth. We fee,that it'lVind blow- 
eth vpon a Candle,it wafteth apace. We fee alfo, it Jafteth longer in a 
Lanthorneyihan ax. large. And there are Traditions ofLampes^andCan-^ 
dies, that haue burnt a very longtime, in Caues ^and Tombs. 
A fifth Point, that importeth the Lafiing ofthe Flame, is the Nature 


Century, 1 V. 

9^ I 

,' of" i\iQ uiire^ where x.\ie Flume biirneth ; whether ic bee Hot or Gold 
i Moilt or Drie.Thc Aire^iiii be very CoW,irritaccth the FUme^^nd mi- 
'. kech icburne more fiercely • ( As Fire Icorcheth lU Froity weather » ) 
j And lo furthereth the Confumpnon.JhQ ^/r^oncelif ati;d,( I coneeiuc) 
! makcth the Flamehuxwe more mildly, andlo helpeth the ComnHance. 
i The Aire^ if ic be Ur/V, is inditfcrent: The Aire^iiit be Motli^doxh in a ] 
Degree quench the Flame: (As we fee Lights will goe out in the Dawps \ 
of Ai'«^J •• ) And howlaeiier makcih it burnc more dully ; And (o hel- 
peth the CentiHUiiJtce. 

BVi'uiUs in £^f^/;fcruc for Prefiruitiou •, And for Condtnfjtion ; And 
tor InduratioH oi' Bodies. And if you intend Cow^^wpnow, oilndti- 
■ ration y you may bury the Bodies Co, as Earth may cauch them ; As if you 
will make ArtificijU percellinc. Sec. And the like you may doe for Co»- 
, feruJtien, if the Bodies be Hard and Solid 5 As Clay,Wojd,&c. But it 
; you intend Preferuation o( Bodies, more Soft andTendcrjthcn you mulV 
{ doe one of thelc tworEithcr you mud put them in Ci/r/jW hereby they 
j may not touch the E.irth -, Or elle you muft vault the Earth, whereby it 
'may hang ouer them, and not touch them : For if the £./rf/; touch 
them,it will doe more hurr,by the Moifture, caufmg them to putrifie. 
than good by the virtuall Cold, co conferue them ^ Except the Earth 
\ be very Drie,and Sandie. 

An Orefige, Li»io>i,3nd Apple,wrapt ina Linncn Cloth^bcing buried 
for aForthnights S pace ,foure foot deepc within the Earth, though ic 
wercinaMoillPlace, and a Rainie Time, yet came forth, iiowaies 
Mouldie, or Rotten, but were become a little harder than they were • 
Othcrwife frcili in their ColourjBut their luyce fomewhat Haited.Buc 
with the Buri all of a Forthnight more they became piurified. 

A Bottle oiBeere, buried in like manner,as betore,became more liue- 
ly, better taftcd, and Clearer, than it was. And a Bottle oUvine in like 
manner. A Bo«/f of r/Meg^r,foburicd,came forth moreliuely,and more 
Odoriferous, fmelling almoft like a Violet. And after the whole Mo- 
ncrhs Buriall,a\\ the Three came forth,as frelli andliuely, if not bettcfj 
than before. 

•It were a profitable Experiment, topicCenK Orengts, Limons, and 
Pomaj-anates, till Summer ; For thi n their Price will bee mightily in- 
crcalld. This may be done,if you put them in a Por or Ve(Tcll,well co- 
uorcd,that the ot the Earth come not at them -Or el(e by put- 
ting them in ACoifcruatoryo^^ Snow. And generally, whofocuer will 
nuke F.xpcrimc'its o\ Cold,\cx. him be prouided ofthree Things , A Con- 
(irff.norieoisi'ow , A good/^r^c /^w«/f, twenty foot at lead vndci the 
Ground ■ And a DcetctrcU. 

Thctc hath beenca Tradition,that Pearle,ix\d Corall, and Turchois- 
StoiH, that haueloft r'unr Colours, may be recouen.'d by Burying in the 
Earth-yj^Wich is a thing of great profit,if it would iort^fiuc vpon Triall 
of Six wetkcs Buriall, there followed no effcd.It were good to trie ir, 


in Confoi t, 
touching ii/iri- 
in Eoitb. 





3S0 ■ 


V\(aturall Hijiorj: 

\ Solitary tou- 
ching the Af- 
feUs in MtHs 
Bidiei from Sc- 


Solitary tou- 
ching fifl/tr 



ISolitary tou- 
ching Pe/!i/w. 


Solitary tou- 
ching an Error 

Solitary tou- 
ching the ^/. 
otdtepe {faults. 

iRiDeepelVell^ or iniCenftruatoryofSmw, where the Cold maybe 
more Conftringent . And io make the Body more vnired, and thereby 
more Refplcodcnt. 

MEns Bodies axe heauicr, and leflTc difpofed to Motion, when Seu- 
thernemndfbloWy thanwhen Northerne. TheCaufe is, for that 
when the Southerne mnds blow, the Humours doe ( in (ome Degree ) 
melt and wax fluide, and fo flow into the Parts j As it is feene in Wood^ 
and other Bodies ^ which, when the Somherne winds blow,doe fwell.Be- 
fideSjthe Motion and Adiuity of the Body confiftcth chiefly in the Si- 
neweSjWhich, when the Southerne mnd bloweth,are more relax. 
'-A-.Aj. »- 

IT is commonly feene, that more are Sicke in the Summer , and more 
Dye in the mnter j Except it be in Pejlilent Difeafes, which common- 
ly reigne in Summer, or Autumne, The Reafon is , becaufe Diftafes are 
bred(indced)chiefely by /fwr- But then they arc Cured moft by Stoeat, 
and Purge-y which in the ^wwwercommcthon, or is prouokcd, more 
Ealily : A^fot Pejlilent Difeafes, theReaibnwhy moft Die ot them in 
Summer, isbecaufe they arc bred mod in the Summer j For otherwiie 
thofc that are touched are in moft Danger in thcffinter. 



He Generall Opinion is,that reares Hot and Moiji,aycmo{k Pefii- 
lent ; Vpon the Superficial! Ground,that Heat and Moijlure caufe 
PutrefaBion, In England it is found not true • For, many times, there 
haue beene great Plagues in Drie Teares. Whereot the Caufe may be, 
forthatDrowg^finthe Bodies of ///(2«^/-j, habituate to Moijl Aires, 
doth Exafperate the Humours,and maketh them more apt to Putrifie, 
or Enflame : Befides, it tainteth thehvaters ( commonly, ) and maketh 
them lefle wholefome. And againe in Barbery ^ihe Plagues brcakc vp in 
the Summer-moneths, when the weather is Hot and Dry. 

MAny Difeafes, ( both Epidemicall, and others,)brcake forth at Par- 
ticular times. And the Caufe is falfly imputed to the Conjlitution of 
the Aire, at that time, when they hreake forth, or reigne-^ whereas it pro- 
ceedeth (indeed) from a Precedent Sequence, and Series of the Seafonso^ 
the retire: And therefore Hippocrates, \n his Pregnofiicks doxh make good 
Obreruations,of the Difeafes,ihsit cnfuevpon the Nature, of the Prece- 
dent four e Seasons of the Yeare. 

TRiall hath been m3de,with Earthen Bottles well ftoppcd,hangcd in 
a w'J/ of Twenty Fathomedeep,attheleaftjAnd Ibmc ofthejgor- 
t/w haue beene let downe into the Wdftr, fomeothers haue hanged a 
boue, within about a fathome of the water , And the Liquors fo tried 1 
haue beene, Beere,( not New,but Ready for drinking, ) and mm, and i 
Milke. The Proofe hath beene, that both the Beere, and the mne, ( as j 
well within Water ^^ abouc,)haue not been palled or deaded at all jBnt '■ 
! as! 

Century, i V. 

as good or fomcwhat better, than 5<7«/<?J of thclamc Drinket, aiiJStalc- 
nefle, kept in a Ctfljr. Jiuttliofe which did hang abouc«'4ff/-, wcrcao- 
p^ircnrly the belt j And that ^«;r did iloweraUttk ^ whereas rliatvndor 
lyater did not, though it wereFrcfli. ThcLMfUe fowrcd, and began to 
Patrc fie. Neiierthcleflc it is tnie, that there is a rilUge nccre Bipis^ where 
in Deepe Cduci they doe thicken A^ilke j InfHch fort that it bccoi^inieth 
vcryplcafant ; Which was fomcCJw/eof this Triall of Hanging Milke 
inthcPt-V/!^ : But our proofc was nanght : Neither doe I knovv, whether 
chat/^///.^'<inthofeC4»«, bccfirllboyled. Itwcregood chereforcto try 
it w'lthMiUe Sodden, and with Crcame ; Forthat MilLeora (elfe is fuch 
a Compound Body, of CrMWf, C»rds^ AndlVhej, asitiscaiily Turned, 
andDifTolued. Itwercgoodalfototrythe^wr*, whenitisinl^^Vrf, that 
it may be fcene, whether the Haitging in the fveil^ will Accelerate the Ri- 
pem»i and Clmfjing of it. 

Diners, wc fee, doe Stut. The Cattfe may be, (in mod,) -the kefrigerd- 
tittt oit\\c Tongite ; Whereby it is Icfle apt to moue. Anti thcret'ore 
wee fee, that NaturdU doe generally Stut j And wee fee that in thofe that 
Stut^ ifthcydrinkc Wine moderately, they Sittt le(re,bccaufe it heatcth: 
Andfo \vcc(i:Cy that they that5/»f, doc Stut more in the firll Oftcr to 
fpeake, than in Continuance ; Becaufc the Toigne is, by Motion, f )mc- 
what heated. In fomc alfo, it may be, (though r.ircly ,) the Dnntffe of the 
Tongue j which likewife maketh it Icilc apt to moue, as well as Cold ; For 
it is an AfFe^^ that commeth to fomc mfe and Grent Men j As it did vnto 
Vi/*//j, who was LinguApr^pedit^ ; And many Snnten (wc findc) are very 
Cholericke Men ^ Choler Enducing a Drinejfe in the Ttngae. 


Soiittry vi\i' 



SMells^ and other Oitf»rf, are Sweeter iti the Aire, atfome Diftance, j Expsrimcnts 
than neere the Nofc ; As hath beenc partly touched heretofore. The ^"^chmosww. 
CJi»/r is double j Firft the finer Mixture, or Incorporation of the 5'*f//:|°" ^f^ 
For wee fee that in S$»nis likewife, they are Sweeteft, when wee cannot 
heare cuery Partby it felfe. The other Rttfon is, for thatall Sweet Smells 
hauc ioyncd with them, fomc £jr/i&7 or Cr«</(;0/^«r/ ■, And at fomedi- 
ftancc the Sweet, which is the more Spitituall, is Perceiiied j And the 
£4r/^^ rcacherh not fo farrc. 

sweet Smells are molt forcible, in Dry SuL/lances, when thcv arc Bro. 388 
ken ^ Andfo likewife in Oz-Mgw, or L/wmj, the Nipping of their Rindc, 
giueth(uitrhcir5«f//inorc : And generally, when Hod/es arc^foiied or 
^V/>/<'<;i^ though not Broken^ they Smell more j As a Swv.'ct-Bagge waned. 
The C4tf/? is double : The one, forthat there is a Greater Emijloo of zhc 
5^i//V,when Way ismade: And this holdeth in the Bretking^ Nipping^ox 
C-ru(}}ing ; Ithokicthalfo, (in fomc Degree) inthcMouing . But in this 
jaft, there is a Concurrence of the Second Caiife', Which is the Impulfi- 
*»otthe Aire, that bringeth the 5rMt faftervpon vs. 

Thedaintieft^wW/zofFW^w, arc out of thofe Plats^ whofc leattes 38^ 
fmell not j As Vitlets, R»fes, tyallfitvcrs. Gilt;-flmen^ Pinkes, ifoodbints. 



CN^aturaU MiHcr}: 


toudiing (he 
Gotdingt and 





i rtne-flowers, AfpU-Bltemes^ Lime-Tree Bteomes, Beane-l'lovnes, &c. 1 he 
TrfiK/eiSj for that where there is Heat and Itrcngth cnoiighm rhe Plant, to 
make the Z.MWM 0</tfr4<r, there the 5»»^tf otthc Plover is rather tiuankle 
and Weaker, than that oUhe£f(««« ; As it is in Rofe-mary-e lowers^ Ls- 
»enJfr-Fltwers,md Sweet-Brier-Rffft.Bvit'wherezin^rc is lefle Hcat,therc \ 
the Sprit of the pUmi is difgeftedand refined, andfcuered from the grof- 
fcr luice, in the Effltre/een/e, and not before. 

Moft Odtars fmell beft, Broken or Cmfht^ as harh bcene faid : But 
Fltwers Preffedor BeateOy doc leefe the Frefhncffc and SwectncHeof 
their odettr. The C4/»/f is, for that when they are Cm/bed^ thcGroffcr 
I and more Earthy spirit commeth ait with the Finer, andtroubleth itj 
Whereas in ftronger Odttirs there are no fuch Degrees of the Ifliie of 
the Sme^. 

IT is a thing of very good Vfe, todifcouerthc G»9dneffeo£ Waters. The 
Tdfle^io thofe that Drinke Ff^/^r only , doth fonicwhat : But other Expe- 
riment t are more fure. Firll, try Waters by Weight j Wherein you may fjntl 
fome ditfcrcnce, though not much : And the Lighter you may account the 

Secondly, try them h'jBvjling vponanEqaallF/re : And that which 1 
confumeth away fafteft, you may account the Beft. 

Thirdly, try them in Senerai Beittes, or Open Vcffejls, Matches in' 
euery Thing clfe, and (ee which of them Lafi Lti^efty without Stench or 
Corruption. And that which holdcth Vnputrified longed, you may hke- 
wife account the Beft. 

Fourthly^ try them by Making Drinkes Stronger, or Smaller, with 
the fame Quantity of Mault j And you may conclude, that that wa- 
ter, which maketh the stronger Drinke ^ is the more Concodted, and 
Nourifhing ; though perhaps it bee not fo good for Medicinalif^fe. And 
^uch Hotter (commonly) is the WAter of Large and Nauigahle Riuers ■ 
And likewife in Large and Cleane Ponds of Standing-H'ater : For vpon 
both them, the Sunnc hath more Power , than vpon Fountaines , or 
Small Riuers. And I concciue that Chalke-water is next them the beft, 
for going furtheft m Drinke ; For that alfohelpethc7*«f«'^7/tf« 5 So it bee 
out of a Deep: Well ; For then it Ciireth the Rawnefte of the lyattr 5 
But chalky ivater, towards the Top of rhe Earth, is too frctring ; As 
it appearcth in Laundry of Cloathes, which wcare out i^:icc^ if you v/c 
(uch waters. 

Fifthly, The Houfwiues doe finde a Difference in miters, for the" Bea 
ringyOr Not Bearing oisoape ; And it is likely that the n lore Fat water vv i\\ 
bearc Soapehtk j F or the Hungry Water doth kill the Vnduous Nature of 
tht Soape. 

Sixthly, you may make a ludgement of WMers, according to thc- 
Placet whence they Spring, or Come ; The Raine-Water'i'i, by the Phy(i. 
tianSy efteemed the Fineft, and the beft ; But yet it is faid to putrifie foo 
neft J which is likely, bccaufe of the Finenefle of the spirit : And in Con- 




i Century. 1 V. 

\ fenntO'ies o^Rtine-fvater, (fuch as they haiiv.- in r€r!ice,iic.)ihcy are found 
I uotfo Choice tVitf^'-j ; Theworfc, (perhaps,) bocaulc they are Coucrcd 
i aloft, and kept from the Sunnc. Sa»rp water is heldvnwho'elomc, Info 
[nuichas the People, that dwell at the Foot ohhcS/tow-MfittHtaime^^ or 
othcrvvife vpon the Aiccnt (efpecially die Women) by drinking ofSnow- 
water^ haiic great Bags hanging vnder their Throats. fydi-w*ter^ except it 
be vpon C/r4/i^,oravery plenufuU Spring, maketh MeatRed ; which is 
an ill Signc.S/T/Jigron the Ttpsoi Higb-Hills arc the belt ; For both they 
(cetnetohdDeaLightncflc, and Appetite of Mounting j And belides 
they arc moil pure and Vnmingled ; And againe arc more Percolated 
thorowagreat Space of Earth. ¥ox Waters isif^alUys^ ioync in etfed vn- 
der ground with aXliydters of tht fame Leueli ; Whereas Springs^ on the 
T*l>i of HiUs, palfc thorow a great dcale of Pure Etrth^ with Icfle Mixture 
of other Heaters. 

Seucnthly, ludgemcnt may bee madeof ffj^^r/, by the Stj/Uwfffrc- 
upon the Heater runneth ; As Pebble is die Cleaned, and bert tailed • And 
nextro thatr/47 fitter ; And Thirdly, Wtter vpon Chdke ; Fourthly, 
that vpon.sW ; And Word of all vpon (Ji^ttd. Neither may vou trult 
waen thxi Tajte swtet j for they are commonly found in Rilint^ 
Grounds of great Cities \ which muft needs take in a great dcale of 

IN Per»y and diucrs Parts of die fyefi-lriJies, though vnder the Li »i^^ 
the ^M«J arc not fo Intolerable, as they bee in Barbsry, and the Skirts 
ot the Torrid Za»€. ThcCi»/r/arc, Firft the Great ^r/x-rj, which the 
Motion ofthe Aire in grcatCircles, (fuch asare vnder the Gird'e of the 
»'Wld, ) produceth j Which doc refrigerate 5 And therefore in thole 
Parts Noone is nothing fo hot, when the Briz^s are great, as about 1 
Nine or Ten of tlic Clocke in the ForerNoonc. Another Ca»/eis^ for 
that the Length of the Night, and the Dewes thercor, doe conipcnfc 1 
the^Mfof thcDav. A third Cditfe is the Stay of the Sunne • Not in ! 
Refpedof Day and Night, (forthat wee fpake ot befi-iv,) but in Re- i 
fpca ofthe ^esfon. For vnder the Line, the Sunne crofleth the Line, and 
inakcth twj Summers, and two Winters ■ But in the Skirts ofthe Torrid 
Zone, it dcMil;lcth and gocth backe againe, and [0 maketh one Long 

TH F> ffidf ofthe suntie maketh Afer> BUeke in fome Countries, as in ^^r^"""^"' 
.iiihiopi.t^ AmG}tMiy,^c. F/rf doth It not, as wee lee veiGliijemcny ching the co/o- 
th.itarc connimally abc^ut the F/re. The ReAfort may bee, becaufc Bire ^'"'^^^i^^i^kf 
d()th!ickevprlK'5/)/»;<i,andBloudoftheBv)dy,foas they Exhale; So 
that i teller maketh /^/tH looke Pale, and Sallow j Bur the 5»«i»tf, which 
isaCentl-rHcat^dothbutdrawtheBloudto the Outward F^m .- And 
rath'-r Concotlcth ir, than Soakethit : And therefore wee lee all 
•^/A/o^fjarcFleniy, andPlumpe, and haue great Lips j Allvvhichbe- 
tokcQ Mfijlurc retained, and not drawne out. Wee fee alfo, that the 
K Nip-ee$ 

Solitary now 
ptJate Hejtvtt. 
dcr the A^qm- 

and Tavncj 



[h(atiirall tfijloiy: 


Solicaiy lou- 

after the In- 

Rjttt of Deaib. 



i Negroes are bred in Countries that li.nic Plenty otV.rfr, by Biuers or 

j othcrwife: For yl/«-o<?, which was the Mttropolu oi'^ihio^i*, ua> vpoiia 

! great Lake : hn(\ Co«^*, where the Negrtrs arc, is full ofRiuers. And the 

I Confines ofthcRiueriV/^^r, where the ^Yf|r#fiallbare,are well watered: 

And the Region about Capo yerde^ is iikewifc Moid, in fo much as i: ispc- 

Itilcnt through Moiiture : But the Countries of the yibyffenesy and EArb*- 

rjy and Ferity where they arc Tawney , and Oliuafter, and Pale, arc gcnc- 

ral'ly more Sandy and Dry. As tor the ^thiopts^ as they arc Piunipe, and 

Flel"hy; So (it may bee) they are Sangiiine,and ruddy Coloured, if their 

blacke Skin would fuffcr it to be fecnc. 

SOme Creatures doe moue a good while after their head is offj As Birdti 
Some a very littletimc ; As Men, andall bcafts : Some moue, though 
aitinfeucrallPeeces j A, s Snakes, Eeles,Wormcs,Blies^ ?cc. FirlUherc- 
fore it iscertainc, that the immediate Ctufe^ Death, is the Rcfolution, or 
Extino-uifhment of the Spirits-, And that the Dcftruvftion or Corruptjon 
ohheOrgans, is but the Medktt C*»/e. But fomc Orgar^s are ib pcrempto. 
rilynceeflary, that the Extinguifhmcntof the Spirits doth fpecdily fol- 
low . Butvctfo, asfhereisan/i»t^r/«»of afmallTimc. It is reported by 
one of the ^/?«f»r^, of credit, that a Sacrificed Beafi hath lowed, after the 
Heart hath becne fcut red ; And it isa report alfo of Credit, that the Had 
of a Pig hath bcenc opened, and theBraine put into the Palme of a Maa^ 
hand, trembling, without breaking any part of it, orfeuering it from the 
Manow of the Backe-bone j During which time the fig hath beene, in 
all appearance, ftarke dead, and without Motion \ And after a fmall rime , 
the Braine hatii becne replaced, and the Skull of the Fig clofcd, and the 
Pif hath a lirric after g(«ie about. And certaineitis, thatanfi^^ vpon A^- 
«<«gtf hath beene thruft forth, foasit hanged a pretty diftance by the r/- 
/•rffi iVrr«j And during that time the £;f hath bcene without any Power 
oi Sight • And yet after (being replaced) recouercd^/^Af.Now the Spirits 
arc chieriy in the Head and Cells of the Bru»e,whic^ in Men, and Beajis are 
Lar«^e- And therefore when the ^w<i is off, they moue little or Nothing. 
"Rut'sirds haue fmall He*ds, and therefore the Sfirits are a little mere dif- 
perfed in the Siaetves, whereby Motion remaineth in them a little longer- 
In (o much as it is Extant in Story, that an Emperour o^Rome, to flicw the | 
Certainty of his Hand, did Oioota great Forked Arrow at mEjirich^ j 
as Hie ranne fwiftly vpon the Stage, and Ihookc olf her H cad ; And j 
yet fhe continued the Race, a little way, with the Head off. As j 

almoft all oner-. And therefore they moue j 

in tbcir Seucrall Peeccs. 






V. Century. 

E E will now enquire of Plants or Fege- 
tables : And wcc Oialldoe it with dili- 
gence. They arc the Principall Part 
of the Third Dajes Worke. They arc 
the firft Prjducat^ which is the Word 
of Animation : For the other Words 
are but the Words of Ejfence ; And 
they are of excellent and gcnerall Vfe, 
^orFood,Mcdicinejdnda SJumberof Mcchanic.all Arts. 

There UMsfownc in a Bed^ Tumip'Seei^ Roidtpj-Seed^ H'heat, Cucum- 
bfr-Seed, and Pejfe. The BedwcccaWa Hot-Bed, and the Manner ofit is 
this. There was takch//*r/ir.D»#^, old, and well rotted } This was laid 
N'pcn a Banke , hal fe a foot high , and fupporred round about with PJankcSj 
And vpon the Top was call Sifted Earthy (bme two Fingers decpc ; And 
thenthcA'^/ilprinkledvponit, hatiingbecne fteepedall night in fTrf/r/-, 
Mixcdwithr/>w-^«/;(r. T\ieT0rmp'Seed, and the wi!;^; came vphalfc 
an Inch .ibouc Ground J with in two dayes after, without anv Watring. 
The Red the third day. The£x^tfr/w^«*wasm3dein OBoi>er j And (it 
may bee) in the Spring , the Atceler*ti»g would haue beene the fpeedier. 
ThisisaNoble£.vpww»fii* ; For without thishelpc, they would haue 

K 2 beene 

in Confort, 
touching the 
AceelcranoJi of 


105 I 

iJ\(aturall Hiflory : 





bccnc tbnre times as long in comming vp. But there doth not occur to nic 
at thisprefentjany vTc thereof, for profit \ Except it ilioulJ be f jr S j\vin'> 
of fw/f J which haiie their Price very much increafcd, by the early Com • 
ming. It may bee tried alfo with C/'rrnVf, Siraw-bems ^ and other FrLiir 
which arc deareft, when they come early. 

There was when ftecped in Wtter mixed with Csw-dan^ ^ Otlicrin 
(i^At<r\wixcd\v\x!i\ fiorfe-dun^ i Other in ^^^crmixcd with I'lgeon-dnnq- 
Other in TrifK of Ma0 j Other in frater mixed with Chalke powdred- 
Other in Vl^ater mixed with So0t ; Other in Pf'oter mixed with y^fhes ' 
Other inlVaifr mixed with Bsy SmU j Other in cLiret Wine ^ Other in 
Milmfey-^ Otherin Spirito^mr.e. The Proponion of the Mixture was 
afoLirthi^artofthe Ingredients tothe^4Wr j Saiie that there was not 
j of the S4lt aboLic an eighth Part. The Vhae^ andmfies^ and Spirit ofPP'/w 
w-ere Simple without Mixture of /r^/*/*. TJEieTimeof th&Stecping was 
twejue hoiires. The Time of the Yecre Oi^ober. There, was alfoothc? 
fvhen fownc vnjieeped, but fVdtredtwicc a day with WArmeivster. There 
was alfo other Wheat fowne Simple to compare it with the reft. The 
tuent was ; That thofe that were in the Mixture of D«(»g, and fr/V/e, and 
Sooe^ chalke t Af})es, and Salt^ came vp within fix dayes ; And thofe chat 
1 afterwards proued thcHighcftj Thickeft, andmofi: Lufty^were- Firit, 
the Vrine ; And then the hungs • Next the Chalke ^ Next the Seot • Next \ 
the^(hes j Next the .^ii// ^ Nextthe^r^^/f 57«»;)/cofit(elfc, vn!tceped_, 
andvnwatred , Next the Watred twice 4 day with warme water • Next 
the claret mne. So that thefc three laft were flower than the ordinary 
^^4*ofitfclfe ; Andthis Culturedid ratherietard, thanaduance. As 
for thole that were ftecped in Malmfej, and spirit o(Wi»e^ the v came not 
vpacall. This is aRich Experiment lor Profit ; ForthcmoftofiheStee- 
pings are Cheapc Things ^ And the GoodnefTe of the Crop is a great 
Matrerof Gaine i If the Goodneflc of the Crop anfwerthe Eiulinefle of 
the Commingvp : As it is like it will j Both being from the vigour of 
the Seed ^ Which alfo partly appeared in the Former Experiments^ as hath 
beenefnid. This £.v,;pm«»f« would bee tried in oiha Graines, Seeds ^ and 
Kemels : For it may bee fome^/^</»/«g will agree bell with fome Seedt. 
ftwouldbcctricdalfowith ^#tf/* fteeped as before, but for LongerTime. 
It would bee tried alfo in SeueraH Seafons of the Ttere^ efpecicilly the 

Straw berries Wtitrcd now and then (as once in three dayes) with 
Water, whtreinhathbecne ftecped 5//«fJ-</»»g, ox Pisteft:-dung^ will 
prcucnt and come early. And it is like, thefameEifc>5l would follow in 
other Berries^ Herbs ^ Flowers, Grairtes, ox Trees. And therefore it is an I 
Experiment, though vulgar in Strawberries , yet nor brought into vfe • 
generally ; ForitisvfimlltohelpetheGround withMuckc j Andiike-i 
wife toRccomfort itfometimes withMucke put to the Roots ; Butfo.j 
wateritwith MsidewMer^ which is like to bee mijre Forcible, is not' 
pravftifcd. j 

I)»«j, otChalkefOTBlitdj applied in Subftance, .^ /vtiably) to the ! 

^ ^^ Roots! 

\ Centwy. V. 

[ Roots of Trees , doth iet them forwards. But to doe it vnto Hetby^ \ 
1 without Mi:<tLiri.' of w.itcr or Eirth^ it may bee ihele Hcipcs are too ,' 
j Hor. 

I The former c5Wm»^/ of Helping G^n«/»drw», are cither by the Gooi-\ 
IneJJe and ScrengfhohlniNMrijbment ; Or by the Cfm/an jag ^ and Exci-i 
ting the Spirits ixuheP/4«, to draw the Nouriihment better. And of- 
I this kttcr kmde, concerning the Cemfntitfg of the i'/»;mj of the ?/-w«, | 
I are alfothe Experiments that follow , Though they bee n3t iVpplicati- 1 
j ons to the Root, or Seed. The Planting of Trees warme vpon a H''j!i, againft : 
I the South, o: South-Hall Sunnc, dothhaften their Comming on, and j 
;Ri}x:ning j And the South-Ealt is found to bee better than the Sourh- 
! VVcH:, though the South- Well bee the Hotter Coaft. Biitthecaufeis 
'chiefly, for that theHeatof the Morning fiicceedeth the Cold of the 
/ Night : and partly, becaufe (many times) the Sonth-VVcil Sunne is too 
^ Parching. So likcwifc the FUntmg of them vpon the Backe of a Chimney^ 
whereaF/Vf iskept, doth halkn their Comming on, and Ripening : Nav 
more, the iJr4ir/»g of the /?«»§/)« in to the Infide ofa Rtome^ where a Fire 
is continually kept,workcth the fame Httcd: WTiich hath been tried with 
Grapes • In fo much as they will come a Moncth earlier, than the G rapes 

Befidcs the two Met/ie^ oi Accelerating Gt/minatiatt/oTmcrW described' 
That is to (ay, the Mendingoi' the T^ri/Ament j and CPffi/ordngof the ' 
Spirtt o[ the Plant • there is a Third j Which is the Making Wi/ for the 
Eafte Comming to the Noarifbpteni^ and Drawing it. And therefore Gentle 
Digging and L oofening of the Earth about the Roeti of Trees j And the Re- 
mouing Herbs and Plowtrs'mto nc\^ Earth, once in twoyeares, (which is 
the lame thing ; For the new Earth is euer loofer) doth greatly further the , 
Pr0^ering,andE.vlint(feo( PLmts. \ 

But the mort admirable Acceleration by PaeiUtating the Nonri/hment, 
is that o( Water. For a Standard ofa Damatke Rofe with the Root on^ i 
was fet in a Chamber, where no Fire was, vprightin an Earthen Panne, ) 
full of fj/re /A^rer, without anyMixnire, halfe a foot vndcr the ii'Uter ; 
the .T/./^i/jri/ being more than two foot high aboue the neater : Within 
the Space often dayes, the Standard did put forth a faire Greene Leafcj 1 
and fomc other little Buds, which flood at a (lay, without anv Shew of ' 
decay or withering, more than fcuen Dayes. But afterwards thatLcafc | 
faded, biit the young ]5uds did fprouton ; which afterward opened into ' 
faire Lcaui-s, inrhcfpaceof three Moneths j And continued foa while ' 
after, rill vpon Kcmonall wee left theTriall. But note that the Leaaes 
were fomcwliat p.iler, and lighter coloured, than the LcauesvCe to bee 
abroad. Norctlut thefirft Hmds were in the End of Of?tf^L'r • And it is 
likely that if it had hcene in the Spring time, it would haue put forth 
with greattr flrcngth, and (it may bee) to haue growne on to beare ' 
Flowers. By this Meanes, you ma:y haue (as it fctmeth) kifes iet in '• 
the middeft of a Pp^^, being fupportcd with (bme Hay ; Which is Mat- ; 
I ter of Rareneflc and Pleafure, though of fmall Vic. This is the more j 

K. 3 ftrange, 











jSfaturall Hifloij: 


Experiment s 
in Confort, 
1 toucbingthe 
I Putting backe or 
' Retardation of 
t Germination. 

It range, for thar the like Rt)/e-jidnd.xrdwa.s put, actliL- fame timc,into fi''4-'| 
fer mixed with Hffrje-Jttng J the Horle- dung about the fourth Parr to the 
«'/j^o-,andinfoure Moncthslpace (while it was obferucd) put not forth 
aqy Leafe, though diuers B»(t at the firrt, as the other. 

A Dutch Flatter, thatha<i3.BulhittM«ft, wkslikewifc put at the fame 
time, all vnderW^<<;cr,fome two or three Fingersdeepe ; Andwithinfe-. 
uen dayes fprouted, and continued long after, further Growing. There 
were alfo put in, a Beet-Rant^ a BerrAge-Reet^dxid a Raddtfh A^^^f, which had 
all their Leaucs cut almolk clofe to the Hoots ; And within lix weekes had 
&irc Leaues • And focontinued till the end oiNsuember. 

Note, thazii Roots, or Petfe, or Blower Sy may bee Mcderated'm their 
Cotuminsi and Ripenings there is a double Profit - The one in the high Price 
that thole Things beare when they come early : The other in the Swift - 
nsjj'eohhcix Returnes : Forinfome .Grounds which are ftrong, youfliall 
hauc a Raddi^,^c.come in a MonethiThat in other Grounds wil nor come 
in tw J 5 And lo make double Retttrnes. 

W/'^'4r alfo was put into the f^Jtfr, and came not forth at all ; So as it 
fecmcth there mud bee fome Strength andBulke m the Body, put into 
i\\c Witery^sii'vim Roots ; ¥ 01 Graints or Seeds^ the Cold of tht ivater 
will mortific. But cafually Tome P^'i^'M/ lay vnder the Pan, which was 
fomcwhatmoilknedbythcSuingofthePan ; which in iix weekes (as 
aforcfaid; looked mouldy to the Eye, but it was fprouted forth halfe a fin- 
gers length. J... ■.;.:. _ .; 

Itfeemethby iht^t Infiances o£ ivAter^ that for Nouriflimcior, the 
fvater is almolt all in all, and that the Esrth doth but keepe the PUnt vp' 
right, andfaue it from Ouer-heat, and Ouer<old • And therefore is aj 
Comfortable Experiment for good Drinkers. It proueth alfo that our 
former Op/»7ff« ^ ThatDrinke incorporate with FlcQi, or Roots, (as in 
Capon-Beere^ Sdc) will nourilh more eaiily, than Meat and Drinke taken 

Iht HoHfingoi Plants (Iconceiue) willboth Accelerate GetTfiindtion^ 
and bring forth FW^r^and PUnts'm the Colder Seafoas : And as wee 
J/onfe Hot'Countrey Plants^ as Limons, Orettges, Myrtles^ to faue them j So 
wee ma.y Houfe ourowne Couatrej Plants, to forward them, and make 
themconieinthe Cold Scafons • In fuch fort, that you may haue Fio- 
leif, siraw-berries , Pea/e, all Winter : So that you fow , or lemoue.them 
at fit rimes. This Experiment is to bee referred vnto the Comforting of the 
Spirit o( the Pknt, by i-ra/mth, as well asHouJi»g their Boughes, &c. So 
then thQ A feanes , to Jccelerate Germination, are in Particubr eight, in 
Gcncrall three. 

TO make Rofes, or other Blowers come late-, it is an Experiment of; 
Pleafure. For the Ancients efteemed much of -Rfl/4 5^r<j. And in- I 
deed the Nouember-Rofe is the fweeteft,hauing bcene leffe exhaled by the \ 
Sunne. The Meanes are thcfc. Firft, t\it Cutting off their Tops, imme-;. 
diately after they haue done Bearing j And then they will corae againej 


Century. V. 

the (cime veare about Nouember : But they will lioc co;>V<i iuft oa.tiic 

Tops, w'k re they were cut J but out ot thoic Shoots, u'hich \s<;\i: (as it 

vvete,) irjicr-Boughts. The Caw/if is, tor that the Sap, whidioiht-rwife. 

\ would !iaue fed the Top, thouo^h after Bearing,) will, bv the Ji^cliarge 

■ ofthat, diuert vnto the Side- S prouts j And tht'ywill cotiiG a) bcare' 

j but later. r^: ::>:. .ulatM'<i\\ i si-)Ai-;\.:M\-N ■■: '■.'-! 

I The Second is the PuliUig6f(he^it4sffi.heRfife,w\\qn thcy^K Nevdy 

i knotted-^ For then the Side-Branches will bearc. II\e C^ufe is the fiiue 

with the former : For Cmtingeff^theTofs^ and Puilifls^ ojJ'th<J^uJs^ worke 

the fimc Effed, in Retention of the Sap for a time, anil Diueifioi) of it to 

the Sprouts, thatwerenorfo forward 2iJo^i / io -^k3iv!id3ii; ,:r:o\ 

The Thirdis the Cuttntg off fome fewbfchc Tap-i6ai^hes mt\\Q Sprin^- 
tims, but (Liftenng the lower Boughcs tp grow on. ThcC4i»/cis, tor that 
the Boughes doe helpe to draw vp the Sap more Urongly \ And wee fee 
that in Fowling of Trees, many doc vfeto leaueaBoughor twoonthe 
Top, tohclpeto drawvp the Sap. And it is reported alfo, that if you 
grAft vpon the Bough ofa Tree, ancicHtDJ^Topie Q(jhe old Boughcs, the 
new Cionswill penfli. i .-yhO ■■■ ^ ■ ^ v . 

The Fourth is by L4yMg the Rotts hare ahi^t Chrlfimoi^ fomc d ayes. 
The Cat//(i-i plaine, for that it doth arreft the.Sappe, from going vp- 
wards, for a time ; Which Avrcl\ is afterwards i^ejcafed by the Coue- 
ringofthc Root againe with Earth j Andtli^n lhe,"3ap gcttcthvp, but 
later. " • v> •...•■ :i> .».,- ,v;rr 

The Fitth is the Remomng of the TretSomt Monctli before it Ruddeih. 
The Cjufeis^ for that fomc time willbcqtequire^lattcr r^\c f^aH^He^ for 
the Refctling, before it can draw the luycq ; And ch4t,tinae bei.n^bH jthc 
Bloflbme mull needs come forth later. ; i • . 7 , , -, ; j, - mj ' ; •; v; ; . t ^ -^r n : , ; 

The Sixth is the Qra/trng o^Rofes in May^ whichcppimonlydartiiners 
doe not till luly ; And then they bearc not till tlie N(jxt Yeare. j ^it^fyou 
graftthemin yW^;f, they will beare the fame yeare, Initiate.'. -. <Sv\it)'.':'. 

She Seuenth is, the Girding of the l^dyoi the Tree about with lome 
Packc-threcd ; For that alfo^ in a degree, reftraipeth the Sap, andma- 
kcth it come vp, more late, and more Slowly. 

: The Eighth is, the Plaming of tlicmina <yW<!,or^na Hedge The Caufc 
is, partly the Keeping out of the Sunne, which hafteneth the Sap to rite ; 
And partly the Robbing of them of Nourilliment, by the Stu'tfcin thcf 
Hedge. Thcfe Mcanes may bee ^Traftifed vpon other, both Trees, and 
fiowuvs., Mutatis Afuitndis. \ 

Men h.nic cntert.xined a Conceit that (lieweth prettily 5 Namely, that 
if you graft a Ldte- Camming Fruit, vpon a St«x:ke ofa Frwt-tyee, that Cum- 
TTKth early, the GvMwiWhciX'^ Fruit early j Asa Peach upon aCherrv ; 
And conrrariwl{e,if an EArly-Comming-Fruit vpQo.a,StQCkc ofa Prpit-trei 
that Commcth late, the Graft willbeaEC Fruit late - Asa Chetry vpona ' 
Peach. Butrhefearebutlmaginations,afldvntruc.' TheC4*/*is, for^bjit 
tlieCionsouer-tuleth the Stocke quite ; Aodthe %ockeis but^lTiue 
onely , antl giuctli Aliment, but no Motion to ihe-Guft. rioir v-; • l 










in Ccnforc, 
touching the 
Meliiraiion of 
Fruits, Trcet, 
and Pltntt. 





43 tf 

^amraU Hi/iorj: 

Wcc Will /pcakc no w, how to niakc FruitSy Flowers^ and 
/^(70?j- larger ; in more plenty ; and iwecter ; cban they vfc > 
CO bee ; And how to make the Trees ihcmlclucs, more Ta 11 jj 
morc5prcad j and more Hallic and Sudden j than they vfci 
CO be. Wherein there is no doubt, but the former Experiments 
of Acceleration y will fcruc much to thcfc purpoles. And a- 
gainc, that thefc Experiments, which wee fhall now fee do wne, 
doc fcruc alfo for Acceleration ; bccaufe both Effcds proceed 
from chcEncrcafc of Vigour in the Tree ; But yet to auojd 
Confufion j Andbccaufc fomcof the Meancs arc more pro- 
per for the one EfFcd, and fomc for the other, wcc will handle 
them apart. 

It is anafliircd Experiencc,thatan Hetp oi P lint fix stene^ laidaboiittbe 
Botteme of a mlde-Tree^ (as an Oake, Elme, Afh ,&c.) vpon the firft Plan- 
ting, doth make it pro! per double as much, as without it. TheCrf»/ris, 
for that it retaineth the Nloifturc,Which falleth at any time vpon the Tree, 
andfufferethitnottobee exhaled by the Sunne. Againe, itkecpeththc 
Tree warme, from Cold Blafts and Frofts , as it Were in an Houfc. It may 
be alfo, there is (omewhat in the Keeping of it fteady at the firft. Qudre^x't 
Laving of Straw fome Height about the Body of a Tree^ will not make the \ 
Tret forwards.For though the Root giueth the Sap,yet it is the Body that ) 
drawethit. But you muftnote, that if you lay St0nes sbowt the ftalkeof 
Lettuce, or other Plants,that ate more foft,it will oucr-moiften the Ronts^ 
fo as the Wormes will eat them. 

A Tree, at the ^i^Settingt (hould noihte Shaken^ vntill it hxth taken 
RiOtfuUy : And therefore fome hauc put two little Forkes about the Boc- 
tomc of their Tr^Mj tokeepethcm vpright j But after a yearcs Rooting^ 
then Shaking doth the Trtegood^ by Loofeningof the Earth, and(pcf- 

I haps) by Exercifing (as it were) and S tirring the Sap of the Tree. 

Generally, the Cutting AWtj of B0ughes and Suckers at the Jiaot and 
S^d]!, doth mAVcTreet grow high j And contrariwife, ibc P^wUh^ and 
Ctttt'iN^ of the Top, maketh them grow fpread, and Bufhy . As we fee ih 

It is reported , that to make ha^ji Grewing Ctpfice- IVeods, the way is, to 

' rake n^iSorr^ SdUtw^ PopUr, Alder ^ of fomc feucn yearcs gtv^wth •, And to' 
fet them, not vpright, but a-flope, a reafonable depth vnder the Ground,. 
And then, infteadof oneRoot, they will put forth many, and fo carry 
more Shoots vpon a Scemme. 

When you Would haue m*ny new Rc«ts of Fr nit-Trees^ take a Lev 
Tree^ and bow it, and lay all his branches a-flat vpon the Ground, amd 
caft Earth vpon them 5 Andcuery Twiggewill takcRoot. Andthisisa 
very profitable £x^fr/i»«»; for CdftlyTrw ; (for the Boughes will make 


, I 

Cfniury. W \ ui 

_ i 

Sc6ckes with 3i)t charge • ) Such as arc Apricots^ Pe^'chvSyyflwoiJT^Co/- 
fitH.i/i.<,Mili/e>icjyFigx^&cc.Thc like is conciiuuliy pradiltd with /■';>«■/, 
Rofa, Mtiske-Refs^icc. 

From M./)' to /«/y you may take off the i?rf;/('e of any ^o/<^/), being of : 427 
the- Bigncllc ot'thrceor fourc Inches, andcoucr the bare Piacc, lomc- 
w'hat aboue,andbelow,with Loame well tempered with Horle-cUmg, 
binding it fart downe. Then cut otf the Bough about AlhoUonttde in the 
bare place ,and let ii in the Ground; And it will grow to be a [uxcTree 
inoncVcarc. TheCjw/emaybe, for that the B.ninq^ from the B,vi;e 
ktcperh rhe Sjp from delcending towards Winter ,and fo holdtth it in 
the Bough ; And it may be alio that the Loame and Horfe- Dung ap 
phed to the bare place ,doemoiften it,andchefiiliit,and make t? more 
apt to put forth the Root. Note, that this may be a gcnerall Meanes 
for keeping vp the Sap oi Trees in their Boughes; Which may ieruc to 
other Etfeds. 

It hath bccnc pra^flifed in Trees ^ that fhcw fatre, and bearc not, to 428 
Pore. I Hole ihorow the Heurt oithic Tree, and thereupon it will beare. 
Which may be for chat the Jrff before had too much RtfUtioi, and 
was oppreltld with his owne Sap , iot Repletion is an Enemic to Ge- 

It hath beenc pradifed in Trees, that doc not beare, to cleauc two 4^^ 
or three oi the Chiefe Koots,and to put into the Cleft a ("mall Pebble, 
which may kccpe ic opcn,and then it wilA bciarc.The Cjufi: may be, for 
thata Root of a Tree may be ( as it were, ) Hide-bound, no ielfe than 
the Body of the Tree •, But it will notkeepe open without fomcwhat 
put into it. . ' 

It IS vfually praiffifed, to fet Trees that require much Sunne, vpon'\ 41 c 
fyjUs againff the South ^ As Apricots, Peaches, plums ^Vines, Figs, awl the 
hke.Ic hath a double Commodity ; Tbeoncy the oi the^^vj/Zby 
Refieliion ^ The other, ihcTaking aw.iy ofxhe Sktde ; Forwhona Jree 
groweth round, the vppcr Boughes ouer-iTiadow the lower ; But when 
it is I'prcad vponaWall,thc Sunaecommethalike,vpon the vpper,and 
lower Branches. 

It hath alfo beenc pva^Tiireil ( by ferae) to pu'l off Ibme LeJHes from 43 1 
the ] ires [, that the Sonne may come vpon the houfh and Fruit 
the better. There hath becne pradtifedalfoa Curiofiry, "to fet aTrtY 
vpon the Norw-Sidv ofa Wall, and at a litde height, to draw him tho- 
row the V\"all, and fpr^-ad him vpon the South-Side : Concciuing that 
the Root and lowt-i Part bf the Stocke tliould enioy the ikllinelfe of <-'t ? 
thc-Shade •, And the Vpper Bjughcs, aud fruit, the Comtort of the 
SujiBc. But it (fOrted not-,The Canfe is, for that the koot rcquifeililbmc' 
Comfojt from the Sunne,though vnder Earih,as vf ell as the JJd^-; And. 
the Lower Part of via- Body more than the Yppc*, as wee fee inCom- 
pajftf^aT/ffbelowwich Srraw, '.',.' 1 > ■ I ^r*^ 

Tiic f.oirnejJcoi^ihvEtiKs^), Where the /y«/« commeth, m aktth the 432 
r*'w// greater, and to ripcu better 5 For youthaUeuerfeein Aprims. 











^hQiturall HiHcr) : 

PeachefyOrAfelo-Cetones^yponi wall, chcgrcacclt Friius towards the 
Bottomc. And in Fraitce the Gr^/»fx that make the ivine^s^row vpou low 
Vines, bound to fmall Stakes. And the raifed Vines in Arbours make 
but is true, that in It-ily^ and other Countries, where they 
hauc hotter Siinne,they r.-iife them ypoaElmes, and Trees , But I con- 
ceiue, that if the French Manner of Planting low, were brought in vfe 
there,thcirff ;■«« would be ftronger and fwceter.Buc it is more charge- 
able in refpe^ of the Props. It were good to trie whether a 7>ff graf- 
ted fomewhat nearc the Ground, and the lower boughes only main- 
I rained, aed the higher continually proined off, would not makealar- 
^ ger Fruit. 

To4iaue Fruit in Greater Plenty^ the way is, to graft, not onely vpon 
young 5rof/'j,but vpon diuers Btu^hes of an old Tree-^ for they will beare 
great Numbers of Fruit ; Whereas if you graft but vpon one Stocke,^ 
the Tree can beare but few. 

TheD/^^/wg yearely about the Rttts of rrf«,which is a great means, 
both to ihi: Acceleration AV\d^dieration of Fruits jis pT&^Ucd in nothing 
but in rinej-. Which if it were transferred vnto other T/ft/jand shrubs, 
( as Ao/ej,&c.)I concciue would aduance them likeWife. 

It hath beenc knowne,that a Fruit'Tree hath beene blowne vp (al- 
raoft)by t he Roots, and fct vpagainc, and the next ycarc bare excee- 
dingly. The C4*f/t of this, was nothing butiheLo<>/f«/«gofthe£.'/rf^, 
which comforteth any Tree-^ind is fit to be pradifed,morc than it is, in 
Frmt'Trets ; For Trees cannot be fo fitly remoued into New G rounds, 
as Flowers and Herbs mAy. 

To rcuiueanoWxrWjthe Digging of it about the ^Roor/, and Ap- 
plying new Mould to the Roots,is the way. We fee alfo that Draught- 
Oxen, put into fref"h Pafture, gather new and tender Flelli : And in all- 
Things, better nourilliracnt than hath beenc v fed, dorh helpc to re 
new • Efpecially, ifit be not onely better, but changed, and differing 
from the former. 

Ifan HerbebeciM off from the Roots, in the beginning of Winter, 
and then the Earth be trodden an d beaten downe hard, with the Foot 
and Spade ,the Roots will become of very great Magnitude inSummer. 
The Rcafon is, for that the Moifture being forbidden tp come vp in thi 
Plant, ftayeth longer in the Root, and fo dilarcth it. And Gardiners vt | 
to tread downe any loofe Ground, after they haue fowne Owo/j/, or I 
Taniips,Scc. I 

IfpjwjVaw? be laid below, and about the Bortome ofa ^<?(?r, it will' 
caufe the Root to grow to an Excefliue Bignefle. The Ca»fe is, for that 
beingitlelfeofaSpungy Subftance, it draweththe Moifture of the 
Earth to itj and fo feedeth the Root. This is ofgreateft vie for Onions, 
Turnips, Parfnift,ind Garrets. 

The shifting o( Grtundis a Meanes to better the Tree, and Fruit • 
But with this Caution^That all Things do profper befl,when they are 
aduanccd to the better : Your Nurferyoi stocks ought to be in a more 
L, '• ■ Barrenl 

Century. V. 

BcUrcn GronnJjhan the Ground is whercimco you rem one them. So 
all Gr.ifurs prcl rrc ; licir CaLccll from meaner Failures to better, Wc 
Jce^llo, that Hire' iclfe in Youth Icn^tlintth Life, becaufe it leaueth 
a Chenfning to tiic better of the Bodie, in Age : Nay in Exerci- 
fcs, it is gootl to beginne with the hardeftj as Dancing in Thickc 

Ifhathbccne obfcrucd, ihat Hack ingof Trees in their F^ric, both 
dovvne-righr, and acroiTc, fo as you make them rather in flices,than in 
continued Hackcs,doth great gooci to 7>«f/; Andefpecialiy deliuereth 
them from being Htde-handy and killeth their Moflb. 

sbjde to fome pLmts conduceth to make them large, and profpe- 
rous, more S;m/!c ^ As is Strawberries , and Bayes, ice. Therefore 
amongd StrJivLerrus, (u\v here and there fome Borrajre-Seed - And you 
{hill tuK\cihcStr.nvl/crrics vnder thofeLcaucs farremorc large than 
their rcljowcs. And B^ycs you muft plant tothcA^crr/> j Or defend 
thcmfromthe5«««i'byaHcvl^e-Row j And when youfowthcB^- 
r/cSyWccd not the ihirdcrsjov me tirll haltc yeare j For the freedgmoih 
them Sihidc. 

To increafc the Crops o{ plants, there would be confideredjnot only 
the liicreuiin^^ the Lull ol i he Earth,OT of the fiwtpm the fauing alfo of 
that which Ts fpilt.So they haue lately madeaTrialljto^ff w-7;f./r, which 
ncuerthelcire hath beene left off,bccaulc of the trouble and painesjYct 
fo much is true, that there is much faucd by the Setting, in comparifon 
ofthatwhu.h is^oirtv: . Both by keeping it from being picked vpby 
Birds J And by AuoiJing the Shallow lying of it, whereby much that 
is fowcn u keth no Root. 

It is prcfcribed by fome of the AnciemSy that you take SmdlTreeSy 
vpon which Figs or other Fruit grow, being yet vn-ripe j and couer the 
Treesin theMtddlc oiAut'^nme with dung,vntill the Spring-, And then 
take them vp in a warmc day,and replant them in good ground-. And 
by that meancs,the former yeares Tree will be ripe, as by a new Birthj 
when other Trees of the fame kind,doe but bloflome. But this fcemeth 
to haue no great Pobability. 

It is reported jthdt if you take A'/trf ,and mingle it with wateryio the 
thicknclle of /7(?«q',and therewith annoint the 5«(i,aftcr the rifte is cut, 
it will fpront forth within eight dayes, Ther.7«/J'islikcto be, ( if the 
Expcri.-;ian be true, ) the Opening of the Bud, and of the Parts Conti- 
guous, by the Spirit ot the Nitre j For Nitre is (as it were) the Life of 

XdkcSeedyOr Kcr/^idso( Apples^ Pearcs,0 rentes; Or a Pe.^rhy or a 
Plufii'Stoney &c. And putthemintoa J'.ywz//, ( wh^h is like a great 
Onion ^ ) and they will come vp much earlier than in the Earth it lelfe. 
This I concciue to bee as a Kinde ot Crafting in the Root j For as the 
Stockeofa Graft yeelderh better prepared nourilliment to the Graft, 
than the Crude Ear[ h ; So the Sqtrill doth the like to the Seed. And I 
luppofc the fame would be done,by Putting Kernells into a Turnips or 











^aturall Hijiorj: 







the likCiSauc that the Squill is more Vigorous and Hoc.Ic m.iy be tried 
alfo, with purring Onien-Seed into an Onion-He^id^which thcreby(per- 
haps ) will bring iortha larger, and earlier Onion, 

The PnVi^jW of a f r«;> in ieuerail places, when it is almoft at his 
Bignefle, and before it ripeneth,hathbccne pradiied with iliccefle, to 
ripen the Fruit more fuddenly. Wee fee the Example ol the Biting of 
l^-ifpes^ orfFormes, vpon f/w/V, whereby it ( manifcltly ) ripcncth the 

It is reported, that ^/{;<z i»/<7r/«/7 ( Sea-weed) putvnderthe^Joofjo/ 
Cole worts, and ( perhaps ) of other Plants, will further their Growth. 
The vcrtue ( no doubt ) haih Relation to Salt, which is a great Helpe 
1 to Fertility. 

It hath beene pr;adifed,tocutofFthe Stalkes oicucumbers, imme- 
diatly after their £em«g,clofe by the Earth j And then to caft a pret- 
tie Quantity of Earth vpon the plant that remaineth •, andthc-y will 
bearc the next yeare Fruit, long before the ordinary time. The C4»/f 
may be, for that the Sap goeth downe the fooner, and is not fpent in 
the Staike or Leafe, which remaineth after the Fruit. Where note, 
that the Z>j'/«^,in the Winter, of the Roots of plants,tl\3Li are Annmll, 
fecmeth to bee partly caufed by the Over-Expcnce of the Sap into 
Staike and Leaues j which being prcucntcd,they will fupcr-anraie, if 
they {land warme. 

"the Pulling oj^'many of the Blojfomes from a Frttir-Tree, doih make 
the Fruit fairer. The Caufe is maniteft •, ,For that the Sap hath the lefie L 
to nourirti. And it is a Common Experience, that if you doe not pull 
off Come BloJJhmes ythe fir a lime s, Tree bloometh, it will bloflbroe ic 
felfe to death. 

It were good CO try, what would be the Efit.5k, iC a\\ the Blojfomes 

were pulled from a Fmf-rrfc J Ov the A corncs and Chefnut-buds, &c. 

from a tvilde Tree, for two yeares together.I fuppofethat the Tree will 

either put forth the third yeare, bigger, an4 more plcntifuU Fruit j Or 

I elfe the fame yeares, larger Leaues,becaufe of the Sap ftored vp. 

It hath beene generally receiued, that & Plant watered with ivarnie 
water,will come vp fooner and better, than with Cold Water,or with 
Showres. But our Er,periment oUyateringivheatvf\ih}yarmey/,iter ( as 
hath beene faid)rucceeded not j which may be,bec3ule the Try all was 
too lare in the Yeare, vi\. intheEndofOffe^fr. For the Cold then 
comming vpon the Seed^siitcx it was made more tender by the Warme 
Water, might checke it. 

There is no doubt,but that Grafting( for the mod Part ) deih melio- 
rate the Fruit. The Caufe is maniteft; For that the Nourifhmcnt is bet- 
ter prepared in the Stocke, than in the Crude Earth : But yet note well, 
that there be fome Trees, that are faid to come vp more happily from 
the Kernell, than from the Graft ; As the Peach,and Melocotone. The 
C4«/Jiruppofctobe, for that thofe p/<?«r/ require a Nourifhment of 
great Moifture J And though the Nouriftimentofthe^fofi^e be finer, 


. Century. V. ''5 

nnd better prepared, yetiris not (o moill^ and pleatiuiH, asrhcNou-; 
rillimcnt ot the Eti) //;. And indeed vvc fee tliofc Fruits are vcrv cold Piuin ( 
in their N.^tLire. 

It hath becne rccciiicd, that a Smaller Peire^ grafted vpon zStocke ' ^j^ 
that beareth a greater Peart, will become Great, but I thiiikeit is as 
true, as that oiihcPrime-Frmt vponthe Late StotLe ; And c corduerff j 
which wee reie>5ted before. : For the Cw^nvill goucrne^ Ncuerdiekflt 
it IS probable enough, that if you can get a Owr to growvpon uStccke 
of another kinde, that is much moiltcr than hi; ownc Si«cke , it may 
make the Fro/t Greater, becaufcit wiUyeeld more plentiful 1 Nouruli- 
liient j Though it IS like it will make the Fr*«Bafcr. Butgencrally, the 
Gr4/r/«^ is vpon a dryer 5<#f^r ; Asthe^/Jp/fvponaCri^ . The Piarc vp- 
oiMX Thame -^c. Yet it is reported, thatinthc i!:.*B'-C*)»nrr/« they will 
^nk an ^ppleCiens vpon the St0cLeo[ a. C0le-w»rt^ and itwillbcarea 
groat llaggy Apple ; The Ker>?eU of which , if it be fet^will be a Cole-wort^ 
and not an ylpplt. It were good to try, whether an AppU-Cions will pro- 
fpcr, if it be grafted vponai'4il#ir, orvpona Fopltr, or vpon tin Aider, 
or vpon an£/»w^, or vpon an Horfe-PlBmme, which are the moiftcit of 
Trees. I haue heard that it hath bccne tried vpon an Elme , au\ (uc- 

It is manifeft by Experience, that F/owfr/ Reriioucd wax greater, be- 454 
cuife the Nourilliment is more cafily come by, in the looie Earth. It 
may bec,that Oft Rcgraftingofchc fame Cions,may likcwifc make Frmt 
greater j AsifyoutakcaCww, and graft itvpona5«*c/t^the firflyearej 
rtnd then cut it otf, and graft it vpon another 5f*<:^r the (ccond yearejand 
fofora third ; Or fourth ycarcj And then let it rcft,it will yeeld afterward, /' 
when it beareth, the greater Frmt. 

O/Gtikingtheretire ■»<)•; Experiments tftrththe Nttin^, hutthsfewce 
rcftruttd a proper Place. 

Itmaketh Figs better, if a F<<»-rr«, when it beginneth to put forth 455 
Leaiies^ haue his Top ait off. Thccaufe ispjaine, for that the Sap hatlj 
the Icfle to feed, and the lede way to mount : But it may bee, the f /^ will 
come fomcwhat later, as was formerly touched. The fame may bee tried 
likewife in other Trees. 

Iris reported, that Mdherries will bee fairer, and the Treet more fruit- 4 5 tf 
full, if you bore the Tr»iiilrof the Trtt thorow, in feucrall places,and thruft 
into the Places bored, Wedges of fome Hot Trees, as Titrpenti»t\ Mtftick - 
Tree, Gtui -citm^ itmiper, &:c. fhc Cdufe may be, for that Adiicnriuc Heat 
doth chcarc vp the Natiue luvce of the Tree. 

It is reported, that Trees will grow greater, and beare better Fruit, if ! 45 7 
you put Salt, ov Leesof^y'ive, or Hloudto the Raot. The Ccw/e may bee the i 
Encrcafing the Lull or Spirit of the RM •, Thefe Things being more forci- 
ble , than ord ioiirv Cemptfts. \ 

It is reported by one of the Ancients, that Artichoakes will bee lefTe ; 45^ 
prickly, and more tender, if the Seeds haue their Tops dullcd,or grated oif 
vpon a Stone. I 

L Herbs 

4J>' HciiiswiW bee tt-ndercT^aiul faircT j if yo'.i takcthcm out vtilicds^ when 

clu'v arc newly conic vpj .in<.l rcmouc tlicin iiito/'tf/J, witii bctrcr. ^jrtA. 
The Kcinoix- troni y?^ii to !;ed\\\Vs fpokcn ':^fb\.-ri>rt -, linr rlwr \v.i-> in It-iie- 
rdll ytMTcs 5 This is vpon die liKkJcn* The ( aup is the- la nc vvithorlicr Ar- 
««tf««, formerly meiuioncd. 
4<5o <" >/e-nV/*xarereporrcdhy one of the AiKifnts^xo profpcr cxccciliijirlv, , 

.\v)d to be better taftcdjif they be (bmctimes watted with StU vcAttr-^ A iid J 
much more with W-'afiT mixed with Nitre; The Spirit of which is lelTe A- ' 
1 di)renttl«ni'4/r. 
^6 1 ; It IS rcportetl that < tKitif^ers wiW prone more Tender, and Dainrs', if j 
i tlicir seeds be Sueped(3. 1 ittlc) in Milke , The Ctufe may b(;c, for tlwftlic j 
.N>/^bcing mollified with the^/Zt^willbetoo weakc codraw thegr."^- ! 
fer luyccofthc Earth, biitoncly the finer. The lame Expiriment may bee ' 
/ moilc in Ar$icho«kes^ and other lieedt, when you would take away, Richer i 
I their I'ialliincrte, or BittcrncflTe. Thcylpcakeali^i,thattlTc iikcEiieAfoI- ' 
} lmvefh,of5i«r/)ir^inw^"ifermixcd\virh fi*»cy-^ But that fecrneth tome not • 
I ilo ^Tfflkbablc, bccaulc Honej hath too c]uickc a Spirit. 5 

452 I It isTC|>ortcd that Cji^ww^i will bcc IclTc VVstrj^ and more AftUn-like^ 
\ if in the Pit where you fet them, you fill it (halfe way vp) with ckufc, or 
'iiiiall .sV/ViM.andthcripovvie EArth vponthem; ForC«f«wi^o j,.isicfecm-' 
jicthjdoc extremely aflFcd Moiliurc • Andoiicr-drinkcthcmfclnes^ which- 
this Ch.ifff^orChips^ forbiddcth.Nay, it is hirthet reported, that ifw.'ion ' 
[ar.»ci»ff»^*/-isgrowiic, youlct aPotof watcr.abdiit fiueoriixinchcvuli-; 
Itincefromit, it will, in 24. hourcs, Jliootfo much out, as to touch the/ 
Pot ; Which if it bee true, it is an Experiment of an higher Nature, than ] 
bclongcth to this 7*/f fc ; Foritdilcaicreth Percepttaa in PUnrs^ tonionc 
I toivardsthdt which iTiowldhclpe and cojiifort them, thoup^hitbceatadi- j 
f Ibncc. The ancient TraditionofthcF/>f is far mote Grange: It is, that if 
I you (eta Stake, 6rProp,.romc dirtance from it, irvvill grcwthat way- , 
I Which isfarrc Granger (as is Hiid) than the other •, For that Water i\»av 
» vv(«\.Q\iys.Sjmp4tbyQ(Attr4!liatt: But this of the 5^4/t« fccmethtobeca ' 
• ttcalon^ie Dilcourfe. \ 

>5j I It hath becnc touched before, that Terehtuaien of Trees doth male ; 
ithcm profj>cr better. But it is found alfo, that it nukerhthc Frw/V l\\*^ce- 
frer, andbcttc^. Thtdufe is, for that notwithltinding the Terebratltn^ 
they may rccciuc Aiimcnt luificienf ; And yet no more th.inth(.y can 
]we!{ turtle, aikldifgeft ; Andwithalldoc Iwcatotitrhccourlcfland vn- 
j profirablcit Iiivce 5 Eucnas it is in L'ming ( features^ which hv M(x!crarc j 
t Feeding, and ExcecKc^ and Sweat, attaine the founJelt Habit of | 
I Body. " 1 

4^A I As Tfriyntion doth Meticrate Fruit, fo, vpon the hke renrolij doili 
j /:/«»«jf of PUnti Bloitd i As Prickitig rimes^ or other T/w f, after they bee | 
I of fomc Growth ; And thereby letting forth Cum, oxTenei \ Thaigh 1 
) this be not to continue, as it is in Terelnation^ butatfi)me Sealbns. And i 
I it is reported J that by this Artifice, iitttr Aimciids haucbeene tinned , 
; vnio Sweet. - : 

> The 

Century, V. 

The Ancients for the DulcQntiitg of F/«.>, doc commend Swiit:s-d»!i^y 
aboue all other D»»g ; Which maybe, bccanfc of the MoiiUirc of that 
Bcart, whereby ihc Excrement hath Icflfe Acrimony ^ For\vefcci'»'/»« 
i and Pigs Flefh is the Moiftell of Fleflies. 

I It isobfcmcdbyfomejthat all f/er^swix fweetcr,both in Smell, and 
Tafte, if after they be grownc vp (bme rcafonablc time, thev bee cut, and 
fo you take the later Sprouti. The Cdttfe may bee, for that thclonger the 
! luycc ftayeth in the Root, and Staike, the better it concoileth. For one of 
j the Chiefe Caufcs, why Grawet^ Seeds, and Frmts, zx^ more Nouriiliin^ 
I than LeMeiy is the Length of time, in which they grow to Afttur.uio t. It 
I were not amiflfeto keepebackc theSapof fferh^ or the like^by fomc fit 
I meancSjtillthcendof Summer J whereby (it may be) they will be more 
I Nour idling. 

^ AsGr4///agdoth Generally adiiance and Melhrate Fruits, abouc that 
•-which they vvouldbcc, if they were Ccto? Kernels, or Selves, in regard 
1 the NcarilhmcHt is better concocted ; (b (no doiibtj cuen in Grafting, 
I forthefxmeC-ui(e the Choice of the ■S'/^fittf doth much j Al waves pro- 
'iiided, thatitbeefjmewhatinfcriourtotheO>« ; Forotherwife itdul- 
.'lethic They commend much the Graftingoi, or apples y vpona 
} Quince. 

1 Bclides the Metmesoi McliorMien q{ Fruits^ before mentioned ^ it is (et 
downc as tried, thata Af/xwrrofB;--!*, and Svfines-dutig ; Oz Chaff emd 
Swines'dttng ; (efpccially laid vp together foraMonethtorot,)isavcry 
great Nouril'hcr,and Comforter to a Fmit-Tree. 

Itisdeliucred, that Omans wax greater, if they bee taken out of the 
Harth, and Kiid a drying t\ventydaies,and then fetagaincj And vet more, 
if the outer moft Pill be taken off all oucr. 

It is deliuered by fome, that if one take the Beit^h of a L0W Fritit- 
Tree, newly budded, and draw it gently, without hurting it , into an 
E.mhe»]^ot perforate at the Bottome to let inthcPLnt^ andchcn Co- 
uer the P«t with Earth, it will yceld a very large Fr^it , within the 
Ground. Which £.v/>cr;w«'* is Nothing but f*;//)*^ of ?/.?«//, without 
Rcmouing, and Leaning the Frttit in the Earth. The like, (they fay, ) 
willbectfe>fked, bvan Empty P*«, without Earth in it, putoueraFrw//, 
being propped vp with a Stake, as it hangeth vpon the Tree ; And the 
better, if fome few Pcrtufions bee made in the Pot. Wherein, belldcs 
the Defending of the Frait, from Extremity of Sunnc or Weather, 
f»^>mc giue a rc>l(bn, that the Fruity Louing and Coneting the o- 
pen Aire and Sunnc, is inuitcd by thofc Pcrtullons , to I'prcad and 
approach^ asnecrc theopcn Aire, asitcan ; Andfo cnlargeth in Mag- 

A\\Trees in fffgh and SandjGrftnds, arc tobQcCcti.\cc\^c •, Andin;r4- 

trf Grtit/tdsy more Hiallow. And in all Trees, when they be 'remoued(e(pe- 

cially Fruit-Trees) care ou^ht to be taken, that the Sides of the T/v^/bec 

! coarted, (AVr/^, and Sotsth, &c.) as they ftoodbcf )re. The fame is CM 

jalfoof Stetteout ohheQuarrj^ tomakeit more durable i Though that 

__ L 2 fecmeth 


7 \ 









47 > 





in CenfbrCi 



and FItmtn. 

[h(aturaU Hijlory: 

feemeth to haue leflc rcafon ; Bccaiife the Stone lycth not (o neercthc Sun 
as the TVtf^groweth. 

r/W^r rr«i in a Ccp^ice Wo»d , doe grow better , than in an Open 
Field '^ Both becaufe, they offer not to fpread fomuch, but fhootvp lUli 
inHcight ; And chiefly bccaufc they are dcf<?ndcd from too much Sunnc 
and Wind, which doc checke the Growth of all Fruit j And ^o (no 
doubt) Frait-Treest or r«M, fet vpon a Wi/7, againft theSunne, be- 
twecncElbowesorButtreflesof Stone, ripen more, than vpon a Plainc 

It is faid, that i{F»udp Rtots, be fet in a Pot filled with Earth,and then 
the Ptt with Earth bee fet likewife within the Ground, (bme two or three 
Inches, the ^^WJ will grow greater, than Ordinary. TheC4»/<rniaybcc» 
for thathauing Earth enough within the Pot to nourilTi them • And then 
being flopped by the Bottome of the Pot from putting Strings downward, 
rhey rauft needs grow greater in Breadth and Thicknefle. And it may be, 
that all 5«<if, 01 Roots, Potted^ and fo fet into the£4rl/», wiilprofpei the 

The Ciuting of the Leiues oiRadijh^ or other Roots, in the beginning of 
Winter, before they wither j Andcoueringagainc i\ic Root, fomething 
high with Earth j Will prefenicthe Am/ all Winter, and make it big- 
ger, in the Spring following, as hath beene partly touched before. So that 
there is a double Vfeof this Currw^*^ the /-«««. • Forinf/-i»//, where 
the Root is the Eftdent, as Rad$lh, and Parfnifs^ it will make the Root the 
greater : AndfoitwilldoerotheA^M</jof 0«/>w. And where the Fruit 
is the Esculent, by Strengthening the Root^ it will make the Fruit alfo the 

It is an Exferimtnt of great pleafurc , to make the Letuts o^ shady 
Trees, larger than ordinary. It hath beene tried (for ccrtaine) that a Cions 
ofaffv«A-£/wf, grafted vpon the Stockc of an Ordinary Elme, will pur 
forth Leaucs, ialmoft as broad as the Brim of ones Hat. Audit is very 
fikcly, that as in Fr«/>- Jre«,the Graft maketh a greater Fruit ; So in Trees 
thatoearc nof n>//,it will make the greater Le4uet.lx.wcAM be tried there- 
fore in Trees of that kind chiefly •,A$Birehtyij^e,frilim>^And efpecial ly the 
5^/»;>^fF/iK#B», which they cail^ir<ifl*ii' W/Z^becaufeof the pleafurc of 
the Leafe. 

The Birrennejfe o^Treet, by ylccident, (bcfidcs the freahefe of the SsiUy 
Seed^otKoot j And the //»/»/;• of the Weather) commeth cither of their 
Ou(r f^rowing with Mojje j Or their being Hidebound ^ Or their PUnting 
too deepe-yOx by iffuiug of the Sap too muth into theLeaues.^onM thcfc there 
are Remedies mentioned before. 

Wee fee that in Liuing Qrentures, that hauc Male and Fe- 
W4/<f,thcrc is Copulation qf fcucrall Kindcs j And fo Compound 
Creatures, KsthcMule, that is generated betwixt the Horfe^ 
and the .4/<fjAndlorac other Co»p«»<//, which wee call Men- 


Qcntn J V. 

flers^ though more rare : And it is held, ihaahar Proucrbe, A- 
jricafempcrali^luidMonftrip'rit ^ commccb, tor than lie Fouii- 
aiiicsof Waicrb, bcnnr rare, diurrs lores ct Bcnfts cutnc; 
rom Icucrall Parts CO drinkc, And (o bting rcfrcihcd, Lll to 
couplc,and m.iny cimc:> with (cucrall Kmdi. The Compoundmi 
Of Afixtunoi Kinds in Plants is nor found out; Which ncu r- 
ihci-flc, it It be po(ljble,ib more at com, than that of liuin^ 
.'r^atures., Forihiiihcir Lullrccjuircch a voiuiuary ^■o:lon: 
wherefore it were One of the ir oft Noble Experimens tcu 
ching'P/^rj-jtofindeitout : For io you may haue great Va- 
riety ot New /"w/jjand FIoTfires yet yiiknowncG rafting doth 
It no: : That mcndtth :hc Fruit, ordoublcrh the Floxpres, &c. 
Bat iihaih not the Power to make ^NcwKjnde.^ot the Cions 
euer oucr rulcih the StOcke . 

U hath bccne fet dovvnc by one of the Ancients, that iTyou rake two 

Twigs of fcu<. rail Fruit TreSj and tiat them on ihc fides, and then bindc 

hcni ciofc together, and fet ihtm in the ground,they will come vo in 

MieStof ki jB'jt yet they will put f ortli their leuerallf r«;>/,withoiit any 

Commikiire in the Fr«/f.V\'hcfi in note (by the <vay) that rmiyoicen- 

t/«T//;fi', IS caller to procure, than rnityoi Speciii. It is reportc-d alfo, 

tha' twines of Red andn-/;/ff Gr^^pj,being fet in rhc Groiind,andthe vi>- 

per pares being flatted, and bound clolc togcther,wilI put forth Gr'^ots 

>hhe feiicrall Colours vpon the fame Branchj And Grapejloncs otlc- 

irerail CJolonrs within the lame Grape : But the more, attcr a ycere or 

-wo ; The(Vnity as ir fcemeth ) growing more Perc<a. And this will 

ikewife hcipe, if from rhc firlt r>titirg.ihK.y be often Watred • For all 

(VloiiUire he'pc th to ;o?rW. And it is prclcribedalfOj to bindc the Bud, 

isfooneas itcommcih forth, as well as the ^/«<r/f • At the lea ft for li 


They rcporr,that diners 5ff<{f, put intoacW,and laid in Earth well 
Iungcd,wili put vp ?/j«rj'C(?«i^?V/o«r,Which(afierwards)bcing bound 
fn,their shoots will "the 1 Ice is faid of A'tT«f/i,put into a Bet- 
f/f, with a Narrow Mouth, fiiled with Earth. 

Iris reported, that young Trrf/, offcucrallkinJ';, fet contiguous, 
wirhourdny binding,and v<. ry often W;Kred,in a FruitfdlCiroimd.w'nh 
the very Luxury ut the Trees, w\ incorporate, and grow together. 
Which fccmetli to me the like'ieft Meancs that h,uh bccne propoun- 
ded j For that 'he Elidi'ij:^ doth hinder \\u Naturall Swelling of the 
Trek J whichjWhile it is in Motio'n,doth better vnlte. 

Th;rc a-c many Ancient and Rcceiucd Traditions, and 
Obfcruation.Sjiouching i\ic Sympathy Ttnd Antipathy oi Plants : 
I Li For 





couching ihc 
Svmpalby ind 
Antifitij uf 





!J\Qtturaij HiHory : 

Forchac fomc will thriuc bcft growing nccrc others ; which 
they impute 10 Sympathy : And (omc worfc ; which they im- 
puic to Antipathy. Butthclc arcldlc and Ignorant Conceits ^ 
And forfake the true Indication of the C'^ufis j As th= molt Part 
o(Expmntents,thatcot)ccrnc Sympathies and Antipathies doc. 
For as to Plants^ neither is there any fuch Secret Friend/hip, or 
Hatred^ as they imagine ; And if wee (hould bee content to call 
it Sympathy^ and Antipathy^ it is viterly miftaken •, for their 
, Sympathy^ is an Antipathy, and their Antipathy is a Sjmpathie: 
rot It IS thus ; Whcrcfocuer one Tlant dravreth fuch a parti- 
cular luyce out of the Earth ; asitquaHHeth thcEarth ; So as 
that luyce which remaincth is fit for the other Planr, there the 
Neighbourhood doth good ; Bccaufc the Nourifhrncnisarc 
contrary, or feuerall :But where two Plants draw ( much jthe 
fame luyce, there the Neighbourhood hurtcth j For the one dc 
cciueth the other. 

Firft therefore, all Plants that doe draw much Nonr'ijkmem from the 
Earthy and fb (bake the Earth, andexhauft itjhurt all Things that grow 
by thetu j As great Trees, ( efpecially A\hes ) and fuch Trees, as fpread 
t\\Q'\x Roots, neeretheTop of the Ground. So the Coleworthnonu 
Encmy( though that were anciently recciue4)to the rii«f onely 5 But it 
is an Enemy to any other ? WjBecaufe it draweth ftrongly the fattcft 
luyce of the Earth. And if it be true, that the Fine, when it crcepeth 
necre the Colewort, will turne away ; This may be, becaufe there it fin- 
deth worfe Nourishment j For though the j?ow be where it was,yet( 1 
doubt ) the Plant will bend as it nourifheth. 

WhercP/^«tj are of feueralINatures,and draw feuerall luyces outof 
the Earth, there (as hath beenc faid )the Onefetby the other hclpcth: 
Asitisfetdowne by diuers of the Ancients, that Rew doth profper 
much, and bccommeth ftrongcr, if it be ^tihy zFigge-Tree : which(we 
concciue)iscaufed, Not by Reafon of f r/VW/ib/p ^ but by ExtraBien 
of a Contrary Inyce : The one Drawing /«)»fe fie to rcfult Sweet, the 
other bitter. So they haue fct downe likewife,that a Rofe^ci by Giirlick 
IS fwccter : Which likewifc may be, becaufe the more Fetide luyce of { 
the Earth goeth into the Garlicke ;and the more Odoratc into the Rofe. 
This wee fee manifeftly, that there be ccrtaine Corne-Flovpers, which 
come feldomc or ncuer in other places, vnlelTe they bee fct j But onely 
amongft Come: As the Blew-l>ottle,3Lkiade o^Tellow A^ary-Goldymlde 
Poj>py,andPftfnitory. Neither can this bee, byReafonof the Culture 
of tne Ground, by Plowing, or Furrowing ; As fome Herl>s,at\d Flow- 
ers, will grow but in Ditches new CaftjForif the GrottndWt fallow,and 
vnfowne,they will not come : So as it (hould feeme to bee the Come, 


Qentmj V. 1 

that qualificdi the Earth,and preparcth it for tlieir Grow:h. \ 

This Obic-nution, if it holdech, ( as it is very probable, ) is of crreac I 
vfe for the Mclioratingoi Tajie in Fruits ^ and Efcdtnt Herbcy-^ And ot the 1 
\saito'iFlo\vn-s.Voi 1 doc not doubt, but it the ri^e Tree doe make the I 
Rexv more ltrong,and bitter,(as the Aficients haiie noted, ) good llorc I 
ot Rew^ planted about the f/g-rr«fj will make the Fi^ more Iweet.Now " 
the Tajles that doc moft oflcnd in Fruits yix\d Herbes^und Roots ^are Bit- 
ter-, IJjrrijij • Sowre ; And f^atrijh^ or Fl.ij\)y. h were good therefore to 
make the Tridls following. 

Take hormewsedfix A'eH7,and fet it ncere Lettuce jax Coleflory, or Ar- 
tichod'e ; And fee whether the Lettuce ^ or the ColeJiery^Scc.bccomc not 
the Iwcetcr. 

Take a Seraice-Tree, or Z Cornelian-Tree^ or an Elder-Tree^ which 
wee know hauc f r«/V/ of harlli and binding luyce, and fet them ncare 
a r/«e, or Figge-Tree, and fee whether the Grupes^ or Figgts^ will not be 
the fweeter. 

Take Cucumhrs^orPumpens^ind fet them (here and there)amongft 
Mitsf-'e-Melions^ind Ice whether thc^f/o«j will not be more Winy,and 
better tailed. Set CucMmbers ( hkcwi^) amongft Radifl)^^vid fee whe- 
ther the Radilh will not be made the more Biting. 

Takci'<»m'//,andletitamongfl^4j(pf/, and R-e whether t\\Q Raf^cs 
will not bee the iWectcr. 

Take Common Briar ^ and fee il^moqgft r^^(olets^ or fKill-F lowers ^ and 
fee whether itwil not make thcr;o/(t/,orW(i//-/'/<»)rfrjIweeter,and IclTe 
Earthy in their Smell.So fet Lcttuce^oi CMcumhers.,AtaQn^{\ Koj'cmary^ 
or Buyes^ and fee whether the Rofemary^ or Bayesy will not be the more 
Odorate,or Aromaticall. 

Contrariwife,you muft take heed, how you fet Herbs togcther^that 
Jraw much the like luycc. And therefore J thinke Rofem.iry will Icefe in 
SwcetnelTe if it be let with LauenderyOrB^yesyOr thelikc.Bucyct,ifyou 
wil corrcd the flrength of an Herbe,you ^hall do well to fet other like 
Herbs by him,totakc himdownCjAs if you lliould fet Tanfeyby An^t- 
lica,it may be,the Anfclica wouldbc the wcaker,and fitter for Mixture 
in Perfume. And if you rtiould let ^cirby Common H'orme-wsody it may 
be, the ;f(?r«fii'(?/>i would turnc to be likcr Roman fvormewood. 

This Axiome is ot large extcntj Arid therefore would be fcuercd,and 
refined by Trull. Neither muft you expcft to haue a CroJJc Dijfhcnce 
by this kindcorCuUurCjbut only Further PerftEfioi. 

Triall wou'd be alfo made inHerbsPoifonouSyandPurg.^iiuc^whofe ill 
Quality (perhaps) may be difch.uged,orattempied,by Setting ftron- 
g<:tPoifinSy or Purg.niin'SyOy them. 

It is reported, Uiat the shrub called Oar Ladies St^lc^ ( wTiich is a 
Kind of Eriony, ) and Calcrrorts, fet ncere together, one or both will 
die.; The C.iufi is, for that thev bee both great De predatoirfs of the 
Earth,and one of them ftarueth the other. The like is, faid of a Reed, 
and A Brake •, Both which arc fucculent- And therefore the Oricde- 












D^aturali HiHor) : 



: ccu,c^ II ilx-Odit.r.And the like oiHtm.ocU ;'.nd Af jy^Both which draw 
I ftroiig Iiiyces. 

I Sofi;e oi the AncicntSjand likcwifc diners ot the Modernc Writers 
I that haue laboured in NuturjllM.'gick^hJiue noted a Symp.ithyJ^ctwccn 
tht: Ssinnc, MooneydTui fome Principa!! 5f.Jrrf/jAnd certame HerhsyOnd 
I'lur.ts. And lo they hauc denominated Ibnie Hcrhes Solar ^ and Ibme 
Lunar • And liich like Toycs put into great Word&.lt is mapiteft, thai 
there art- feme FlaivrcSy that haiie ReJ'pt B to the Sunne^ in two Kindts 
"i\y.: one by Oooiing ai d Shuttifjg •, And the other by Bowinjr^and Incli- 
ning the Hc.iii. For Mmgolds^, Pimpernel/^ and indeed molt 
,/^/tf.rfr/, doc open or Ipread their Itaucs abraad, when the 5»«/»f fhi- 
ne; h krene and tairc : And agairc . ( mfonie part, ) clofe them, or ga- 
dicr them inward,eithcr towards Night,or when theSkie is ouei call. 
Ot this (here needcth no luch Solemne Rcalbn to be alfigncd • As to 
lay, that they reioyce at the Prefcncc of theSiinne j And mournea' 
the Able nee thercof.Fot it is Nothing eire,but a little Loading of ihv 
LcaiK's, and Swelling rhem at the Boctome, with the Moifturcof the 
AtCj whereas the drie Aire doth extend them : And they make it a 
Pecce of the wonder, that GardM^lauer will hide the Stalke^whcn the 
S.{.>}ie iljewerh bright . Which is Nothmg,but a fiill Expanlion of the 
Icaues Forthei'03'/w^and//ir/;«i«j^thei/erfi j it is found in ihegrea' 
F!oivnoilh(:Sinne^ in M-iri-golds -yivart-rporfy MiilUw FhrvreSyZVM 
othcrs.The Cu^fe is lome\^hat (tior^ Obfcure than the former • But i 
take it to be no other, but that the" Part againft which the SunKC bea- 
reth, waxeth more faint and flaccide in the Suike j And thereby ItlT 
iDlc to fupport the Flower. 

VVhar a little Moifiure will doe in regetabkiy euen though they be 
Jead, and leucrcd trom the Earth, appeareth wjcll in the Ex^perimem 01 
f-'glers. They take the Beard <5f an Oatc-^ w'ueh (if you markeit vvell,} 
is wreathed at the B )ttom?, and one fniooih entire Straw ar the Top. 
They take only rhe Partthat isWrearhed,and cut otTtheother,!e.iuino 
/ the BeJrd halfe the Breadth of a finger in length. Then they make a lit- 
rhe c-ojjio^a ^/7/,Iong-waies,of that Part of the ^///, which harh 
the Pith- AndCroiTe-waies of thar peece ofthe^^7/,wirhoutPirhjThe 
whole Crojfe being the Breadth of a Finger high. Then they prickc the 
Bottome where the Pith is,and thereinto they put th e OJte»-U.ird,ha 
(•ing ha'fe oiit ftick ng forth ot the ^j//: Then they rake a little whin 
Boxo! wood, to dtceiueMcn,as if lomcwhat in the- Box did worketht 
Fcac ; In which, with a Pinne,ihey makea little Hole, enoughto take 
the not to let the Crojp finke downc,but to fticke.Then lik 
wile by way ot Impofturejthey make a Queilion- As, who is the Pai- 
red Woman in the Company? Or,Who hath a Gloue, or Card? And 
caule another ro name diuers Perlons : And vpoa eucry Naming, they 
ilickc the Crojfdin the Box, hauing firfl: put it towards theirMoutb, as 
it rJiey rharmi.d it-, And the CroJJ'e ftirrcthnot-, But when they come to 
thePcrfon that they wouldcakej As they hold iheCro^e to their mouth, 



Ceniurj, V. 


they tovch the Bfard with the Tip of their Tongue, and wet it • And'b 
Uicke the CrojJ'e in the Box , And then you iTiall lee it turne finely and 
(bftIy,thrccorfourcTumesj Whichiscaufedbythe vntwining of the 
^wr^ by the Moifturc. Youmaylccit morecuidently, ifyouftickc the 
CroflcbcDvcene your Fingers, in Stead of the Box j And therefore you 
may fee, that this Motion, which is effedcd by fb lirtle Wet, is Ilrongcr 
than the Clofingor Bending of the Head of a MMgold. 

It is reported by fomc, that the Herbe called RtJA-SolU^ (whereof they 
make Strong Waters,) willatthcNoone day, when the i'wwe fliineth 
hot and bright, haueagreat Dewvponit. And therefore, that the right 
Nameis^w5*/*r ; which they impute to a Delight and Sympathy, that 
it hath with the Sunne. Men fauour Wonders. It were good Hrft to bee 
fure, that the Dew that is found vponit, bee not the Dew of the Mor- 
ning Prefcrucd, when the Dew of other ^<rr^j is breathed away j for it 
hatha fmooth andthicke Leafe, that doth not difcharge the Dew fo 
foonc, as other f^/erl>s that are more Spungy and Porous. And it may 
bee Purjltne^ or fomc other Herbe, doth the like, and is not marked. But 
ifit bee fo, that it hath more Dew atNoone,thanin the Morning, then 
furc it fcemeth to bee an Exudation of the Htrbe it lelfc. As Plums fweat 
when they are/et intotheOuen : for you will not (Ihopc)thinke, that 
it is like Geieens Pleect of W**//, that the Dev lliould fall vpon that, and 
no where elfe. 

It iscertainc, x[\M.\ihe Honej-dewes arc found more vpon Oakeisues, 
than vponirf/J, ot Beech, or the like ; But whether anyC-io/fbcc, from 
theLrj/ritfelfe, toconcodltheDriPj Or whether it bee onely, that the 
i-M/i-isClole and Smooth ; (And therefore drinkcth not in the Dew, 
but preferueth it ; ) may bee doubted. It would bee well inquired, whe - 
ther M4np4thc Dra^, doth fall but vpon ccrtaine fferh ox Leaaes one-; 
]y. F/(»n'rrithathauedeepcJ'«f)frrtx, doe gather in the Bottome, a kinde i 
oiHtney ; As H0nej-SiiekUs ; (both the WctSine^ and the Triftiie . ) Lit- * 
//«; and the like. And in them certainly theFhtPer bearethpart with 
the Dew. 

ThcExjx?rienceis, that the Fro/^, which they call ffV^^^M^-^, (being 
like a kintlc of Spittle,) is found but vpon certaine fierbt, and thofc Hot 
Ones ; A^L<t»ende);L4tteHder-c«tttn.Sd^fy f^'Jf'f'i Sec. OdhcCditfeof 
this enquire further ; For it fcemeth a Secret. There hillerh alio Mildew 
vpon Cor/;^, and fmuttcth it • But it may be, that the fame flilktli alfb '. p- 
on other A/lf;-^f, and is not obfcrued. 

It were good , Triall were made , whether the great Confent be- 
twecne PUntimi.\ /r-iffr, which is a principal! Nourillimcnt of them, 
will make an yittrttiionox Diftance, and not at Touch oncly. Therefore 
take a FV-z/ffl, and in the middle of it make a falfe Bottom* of courfe 
Caniiafle ; Fill it with Earth aboue the Canuafle, and let not the Earth 
bewacrrd ; Then fow (orc\c ^ood Seeds in that Earth ; But vnder the 
Canuaffe, fomchalfe afoot in the Bottome of the Veflell, laya great 
Sfttnge, thorowly Wet in water ; And let it lye (b fome ten Dayes ; And 







in Confort, 
touching the 
Mal^mg Herbs 
and Fruits 



J\(^aturall Htfiorj: 

Cqc whether the SetdsmW fproiitj and the Earth become more Mcift , and 
the Spunge more dry. The Experiment formerly mentioned of the Cucum- 
her^ aeeping to the Pot of Water, is farre ftranger than this. 

THc Mterinfg of the Sent^ CflMr,or Ta/leoi Fruit Joy I»f»li»g^Mixing, 
or Lcttingmto the Edrke, oxRoHo^ the Tree ^ Herbe^ or fiercer, any 
Cele»red, AromMticdU^ or Medicinail Subllance • are but Fancier. T he Cauje 
is, for that thofe Things hanepafTed their Period, andnourifh nor. And 
a IM/fi-rtf^Vw of Vegetables, in thofc Qualities, mult bee by fomewhar 
that is apt togoe into the Nouriftimcntof theP/i«. But this is truej 
that^yhetelCinekcdvponfyiiJeGarUckey their -(^/z/irrtaftethplainely of 
the Gartieke • Andthc Flcfh o^Muttonsh better tafted where the Sheepe 
feed vponw/WeT^jiw^, and other wholefcmc^w"^/. Gd/^* alfo fpeaketh 
of the Curing of the Stirriu of the Liner, by Milke of a Cw, that fee- 
dcthbutvponcertaine^fr^j J Knd Honey in Spaine Imelleth (apparent- 
ly) of the ^f/^-ATjrj', oxOrenge, from whence the Bf^gatherethic : And 
there is an oldTradition ofa Majden that was fed with Nafellw ; (which 
is counted the ftrongeft Poyfon of all r<fg««^/« j) which with vfe did 
not hurt the Maid, but poifoned fome that had Carnal] Company with 
her. So it is obferuedbyfome, that tbereisavertuousftfiwr, and ano- 
ther without verty^ i whichappeare to the fhew alike j Butthe Vertu- 
ous is taken from the Beaft, that feedcth vpon the Mountaincs, where 
there are Theriacall Herbs j And that without Vertue, from thofe that 
feed in the Valleyes, where no fuch^tr^^ are. Thus farre I am of Opi- ( 
nion ; That as Steeped Wines and Beeres, are very Medicinall-, and like- 
wife Bread tempered with diuers Powders j Soof^M^alfo (as Fle/h, 
Fi/h,Milke^ and£j^«,) that they may bee made of great vfe iot Medi- 
cine , and Diet, i(the BeaJIs, FaulCyOr Ptfiy be fed with a fpcciall kindc of 
food fit for the Difeafe. It were a dangerous Thing alfo for fecrct Em- 
poyfonments. But whether it may bee applied vnto f/^*//, ^ndHcrhy I 
doubt more j Becaufe the Nourifhment of them is a more common 
luyce ; which is hardly capable of any fpeciall Quality, vntill the ?/<!»< 
doe affimilatc if. 

Butlefl our Incredulity may preiudice any profitable Operations in 
this kinde,(efpcciaUy fmcc Many of the Ancients haue fetthem downe,) 
We thinke good brieflv to propound the foifre Meanes^ which they hauc 
deuifcd of Making Pltnti MecUcinahle. The Firll is by slitting of the 
Root, av.d Jnfujing intoitthc Aff</w»/ j hs Hellebore, O^ium, Scammony, 
Triacle. &c. And then binding it vp againe. This fcemeth to me the Icafl 
probable j Becaufe the Ron draweth immediately from the Earth j A nd 
fothe Nourifhment is the more Common, and lefle Qualified : And 
befidesitisa longtime inGoingvp, crcit come to the fn»/>. The Se- 
cond way is, to Perforate the Bfdy oftheTree, and there to Infufe the 
Medicine : Which is fome what better : Forif any Vertue be rcceiucd 
from the Medicine, it hath thclclTc way, and the lelfe time, togoevp. 
TheThirdis, the SteepiiigohheSeedot JCernell in (ome Liquffy where- 
, i in, 

Century. V. 

I in rhc Medidne is lnfnfed : Which I haiic little Opinion of, bccaulc the 

' iW (I doii'.n,) wiUnotdnw thcP.msofthc Mjitergiwhichhauy^ the 

'.Fi-oprietj : iiiitit willbce f'arre the marc likely, ifvoii mingle the Mt 

Mciif w^ith l)HH9 . For that the ^W naturally drawing the Moifime (\( 

tiKOiing^ nwycill in vvitluU Ibme of the Prtptietj. The fourth is, the 

fiatrin^otthQPUttt fft^ with an Inf»ft«it oi the L^e diet ne. This, in one 

refpcd, niiyhuie more force than the fell ; Bccaiifcthe Afediatint k 

oft reiKAVcd • Whereas the reft arc applycd but at one time : And 

thcTcf»»rc the Vcrtiie may the foancr vanifh. But ftill I doubt, that 

the R^t i> l()mc\vhat too ihibbornc to rccciue thofc fine /m^rtjji^Bt . 

And befulcs, (as 1 (hid before,) they hauc a great HtU to goc vp. I 

indje therefore thehkclieft way to be the Perftrstiontfthe Btd; 

of t!ie Tree^ infeaersH Ftdees, 0»e iik$Bt$he tther ; And the B$U 

li»^ nf tlic Htln with D#»g mirgUdwith the MeditirUi 

And the Wttrmg of thofc L»mps of £)•'?(», witli 

Stpirts of an InfufttBo^ the Medtrigeifi 

D0MgedlV4ter, once in three 

i Of foiire Daycs* 






VI. Century. 

VR Experiments vs/ctskc catc to be (as 
wc hauc often faid) cicbcr Experimen- 
ta Fru6lifera, or Lucifera j cither ot 
Vfe^ or ot Difcouery : For wc hate Impo- i p^w". 
fiures I ki\ddti^]icQurioJities. Yet be- 1 
cauic wcmurt apply our /clues fome- 
what to others, wc will fct downc 
fonic Curiefities couching Pldnts. 

in Confort 
couching C/jri- 
o[ititi about 
Pmtt and 

ItisaC»;-w^/;, io\\3.WQ.femra\lFrmhs v\X)titaeTree'^ And the more, 
when fome of rhcm come Early ^ and fomc come Late-^ So that you 
may hauc vpon the fame 7ree^ Ripe Frii'tti all Sommer. This is eafily 
done, bv Grafting of feiicul I Cions^ vponleucrall Boiighes, ofaStock, 
in a good Ground, nk'ntifully fed. So you may hauc all Kindts oi cher- 
ries, andallkindesof Plumt, drid Peachfs^ and Apricots^ vpon one TtiC- 
But Iconceiue the Diwcrfitj o^ Bfmts rhuft be fuch, as will graft vpon 
the fame Stockc. ^And therefore I doubt, whether vou can haue jSp- 
ples,rsr Pesres^ ot Orefi^es^ vpon the (amcStocke, vpon which you graft 
Phmmcs. % •'-•'*»* 

his a Curioftty t6 haue firtthsxi^ Dittos Shipts^ and Pigares. This is 

cafily performed by Moulding them, when the Pruit is young, v^ith 

j Moulds of Earth; or Wood. -So ypu may haue dwwwfc/-/, &:c. asLong 










U\(aturall HifiOry: 

i as a Cane J OrasRoundasa Sphearc; Or formed like a CrofTc. You 
I mayhauc i.\(o Afplis,\nihQ:ioxmto( Peares^ox Limons. You mayhauc 
a'fo F; »/> iij more Accurate Figures ; As we laid of //i'», Beafis^ or Birds^ 
according as you make the Moulds. Whwrein you mufk vndcritand, 
that you make the Mould big enough, to containc the whole Fruity 
when it is growne to the greateft; For el(e you will choake the Sprea- 
ding of the ernit; Vyiich othciwile would fprcadit lelfe, and fill the 
Coucaue, and fo be turned into the Shape dehrcd; As it is in Mould- 
workcs ot Liquid Things. Some doubt may bee conceiued, that the 
Kccpingof the Sunnc from thcFr»//, may hurt it : But there is ordina- 
tic experience of Pritit that groweth Couercd. Qjtdre alfo, whether 
fome fmali H^les, may not be made in the Wood, to let in the Sunne. 
And note, that it were beft ^ make the Moulds partible, gluedj or ce- 
mented together , that you may opcp |hcm, when you take out the 

ll'isa. Curls fit) ^ to hmc /n/criptitns, or Engr^ii^^ in Fruit, ox Trees. 
This is cafily performed, byfvriting with a NeeMe,ox Btdkiu, or Km'/Lj, 
or the like, when the Frw/r, or //<■« are young; Foias they grow, fo the 
Letters will grow more large, aiid Graphical!. 

Tenerifdme0sinetdere Amfres 

Arhftibus^ crejceut iU/t, crffcetit Anmts, 

You may hauc Trees appareled with FUwers , or llerh, by Bariug 
H»les in the Btdses of them, and Putting into them Eirth hdpeu with 
MuchyZX)d Setting Seeds ^ or Slips, o(ri«lets^ Strsvlferries^ fTilde-Tbyme, 
Cjw*wi/7, and fuch like in the f ^/-f^. Wherein they doe but grow, inthe 
7>«,asthey doe in P#W; Thai^h (perhaps) with fome Feeding from 
the Trees. 1 1 would be tried ^ifo withSiSrw«ofrw//, and Keots of Red- 
Re/es ; For it may be, they being of a more Ligneous Nature, will in- 
corporate with the Tree it f^Ifc. 

It is an ordinary Curhjity, to F*rwe Trees iad shrubs ^ (as Rofemsry^ 
lumper, and the Ukc,) into Suudry shspes-^ which is done by Moul- 
ding them within, and cutting them without. But they are but lame 
Things, being toofmall to kecpe Figure : Great C4.files made of Trwi 
vpon Fca nes of Timber, with Turwts,, ^d Arches, were matters of 
Magnificence.' ' •■. ..^^0'.' ,»l-,t;.. 

AmongftC*r/<>/ff/«, I {hall place CehuratiM, though it be fbmcv«^hat 
better: ¥ox Beduty mFbwers is their Prehcmincnce. It is obfctuedby 
fomc^ihitGiHy-Fkwtys, Sweet fytltiams, r/o/^n, that are Coloured;^ if they 
be negledled, and neither Watred, nor New Moulded, nor Tianfplau- 
ted,willturne WW/^. And it is probable, that ihQtvhite with muchcul 
ture, may turne CoUured. For this is certaine, that the H-hite CoUur 
commeth of Scarcity of Nourifhmcnt j Except in Flowers that are oncly 
w&*«^ and admit no other CtfWj. ^ 

It is good therefore, to fee what Naurfs doe accompany what C*. 
/wrij For by that you fhall haue Light, how to induce C*/#«r/, byPro- 
ducii^ thofc Nuures, fyhita arc more Inodorate, (for the moft part,) 


■ J ■ " LI ' 

Cemury, \\, 

than FWi'ri of the fame kindc cdottred-^ As is found in Single vvbitt^ 
riolfts^ liime-Refcs^ nhite Gi/Iy-Ploiveis, ivhitc Stock-GilLy fl^reers, &c. 
We finde alio, that Blojfomes of Trees, that are ivhite^ are com nonly 
Inotloratej As Chcrrtcs^ Peares, Plummes . Whereas thofe oi Apples ^ 
Crabi, Altnsads, and Peaches, arc BUuliyj and Imcll fvvect. The Ca»fi 
is, for thai the Siibilancc that makcth the Plopoer , is of the thinndt 
aiidfineftof the f/***; Which alfbmaketh Flowers to bee of fo dain-^ 
ty Coh'os. And if it bee too Sparing, and Thinne, it artainetimo 
Srrenothot Odour j Except itbeiniiich Plants, as arc very Succulent- 
v\ hereby they need rather to be l«nted in their NourithnKut, than 
rcplenilhed, to haue them fwcet. As we fce in n^hite Sdtjrien^ which is 
of a Dainty Smell ; And in Bc4t$e-FUwers, $cc. And againe , it the 
Ph/ft bee of Nature, to put forth fvbiteebwers onely, and tho(e not 
thinne, or dry, tliey arc commonly of rinckc and fullbmc SmcUj As 
May- Flowers, and ifhite LilLies. /n^lVv i^wwA ' 

. Contrariwile, m Berries, the W^'A//^ is commonly more Delicatv, and 
Sweet in Talte, than the Coloured; As we (cc in White Gnfes; In J^hite 
Rj/pes; lujrlniteStrAVfoerries-^ In fvhite Cisrrans, &c, IhcCaufe is, for 
tliatthe Coloured are more iuyced, and courfer iuyced ^ And therefore 
nor fa well and ctpally Concodfed ; IStit the ivhiteAte better proporti- 
oned , to the Difsertion of the Plant. 

. But in Frmts, the White commonly is meaner ; As in P*4 e-pl»ms, 
Damifins, &:c. And the Choiceft Plummeszrt Blacke • The Mutheny, 
(whichthough they call it a Berry, is a Fruit,) is better the BLvl:e, than 
the lyhite. The Harucjl frhite-plumme, is abafe Plumme-, Arxi tlier<r^- 
doccio and White Date-Plumme^ are no very gOf)d Plummes. The Cau/c^ 
lis, for that they are all Ouer-watry : Whereas on higher GoncoAion' 
is reqiiircd for Sweetneflc, or Plealiire of Talte ; And therefore all 
your dainty P/(»w«w«, are a little dry, and come from the Stone; As 
the Afufclc-Plumme, the DAmaiin-Plumme, the Peach, tlie Apria^, bcc. 
Yet fome Fruits, which grow not to bee Blacke, arc of the Nature of 
\Berries, fwceteft fuch as arc Paler; As the Ceeur-Cherrj, which incli- 
neth more to White, is fweeter than the Red -, But the Bgrict is more 

Take Gilly-Flower Seed, of one kinde of G/Sy- Flower : (As' of rhe 
Cloue-Gi'ly-F lower, which is the moft Common;) And fowit; And 
thcic will come vp Gtlly-F lowers, fome of one Colour, and foitie of an- 
orhcr, cafually, as r'le ."T^tf-^ mcetcth with Nourifliment in the Earth- 
So that, the Oardlners ftnde, that they may haue two or three Roms a- 
mongftan hundred, that arc rare, and of great Price: As Purple^ Car. 
ttMionoi [':\)qia\\ Stripes \ ThcCaufeis (no doubt) that in £iri^, though 
tt be contiguous, and in one Bed, there are very fcuerall /•yew j And as 
the . sVf^ doth calually meet with them, foit commeth fortii. And it is 
noted cf[iccially, that thofe which doe come vp Purple, doe alwaies 
come vp Single ; The Juyce, as it feemeth, not being able to (u^icc a 
Succident Colour, and a Double Leafe. This Experiment of icucrall Co' 



lours ^ 


5 op 








O^itiirall Hislury: 

hurs, comminsi; vp troni one Seed, woiikl bcc tried all j iu LarLa- hast, 
M9,il:eS'He0d, Poppy, aiui fJaliyaHf. 

Few Fruits arc colaircd Jied within j The Qace>ie-jipple is 5 And 
mot\\aAfpU, called the Rcfe-AppU^ Mulberries likcwifcj and Grumes ^ 
though moft toward ttic Skinnc. There is a Peuch alfo , that iiatb a 
Circle of ^^<i towards the Stone: And the Egrht-Cherry is fomcwhac 
Red within j But no Peare^ nor Warden, nor Phmme^ nor ^pncoi, al- 
though they haue (many times) Red fides, are Coloured Red within. 
The Caufe may be enquired. 

The General! Colour of PUnts is Grteue ; which is a Colo»r that no 
Plover is of. There a Greemi(h Prime-Rofe^ but it is Ptf/r and fcarce a 
S/^f»f • The Lmues of fonie Tr^« turnc a little ^wrr; , or Reddi[h -^ And 
thev be commonly Toung Leaues that doc fo j As it is in Oskes^ and rtues^ 
and Ha fie. Lcaues rot into a T<k*v -^ And feme ^*flifj hauc part of their 
LeauesTeliow^ that are, (to all fecming,) as Frcfh and Shining, as the 
Greene. I fuppofe alfo, that Teflow is a lelfe S ucculcnt Colour^ than Greene^ 
And a degree neercr vyhite. For it hath becne noted, that thofe Teiiow 
i P4(i« of ^oil^rtand cuer towards the iVij;//;, or NerthE^jl. SonacRoois 
are Tellovf^ as C/irrrti j And feme PUnts Eloud-Red, Stalke and Leafc, 
and allj as AmtrauthM. Some Herbs incline to f«rp/tf, and Red-^ Asa 
Kindeof 5-7g^doth, andaKindeofyJ//»», andRofiSolts, &cc. And feme 
haue White Leaues^ as another Kinde oiSage^ and another Kindcof Mint j 
But Ag,ure, anda F-«w f /»r;>/^, are ncuer found in hemes. This fhcweth, 
that Flowers are made of a Refined Iuyce,of the Earth ^ And fo are Fntits: 
But Leaaes of a more Courfc , and Common. 

It is a Curifffity alfo to make Flowers Double^ Which is cffcJlcd by 
often Remotting them into New Earth • As on the contrary Pare, Dou- 
ble PlorrerSt by negleding, and not Remouing, prouc single. And the 
Waytodoeitfpeedily, istofoworfet Seeds ^ or Slips of Flowers-^ And 
as foone as they come vp, to remoue them into New Ground, rhat 
is good. Enquire alfo, Whether Inoculating of Flowers, (asStock-G/fff. 
Flowers^ Ro/es, Musk-Rofes, &c.) doth not make then > Double. There is 
a cherry-TreOy that hath Double Sloffomes ; But that Tree bearcth no Fruit i 
And,itmaybc, that the fame Meancs, which applied to the r/-<?f, doth 
extremely accelerate the Sap to rife, and breake forth j Would make 
theTrwfpendit fclfe in Flowers, andthofc to become Double \ Which 
were a great plcafurc to fee ; Efpecialiy in Appli-Trees, Peach-Trees^ and 
Almond-Trees, th&ihmc Blo^omes BlufhColeund. 

Tht Making of Fruits, without Core or Stone, is likwifen Cttrifi/ity - 
And fomc what better: Becaufc whatfoeiier maketh thcmfo, is like ro 
make them more Tender and Delicate. UACions or shoot, fir to be let 
in the Ground, haue the Pith finely taken forth, (and not altogcthcj, 
butfomcofitlcft, the better to fauethclife,) it willbeareaFr«?fwith 
little, ©r no C*r*, or Stone. And the like is faid to bee, of dimdmga 
£luick-Tree dewnc to the Ground, and Taking out the Pith, and then 

binding it vp againc. 


; Ceuturj. VI. ^^ 

i It is reported alfo,ihat ACitron grafted vpon a^/Wf ,wi!l haiic fnul 551 

j or no Scedi ; And icis very probable, that any Sorvit: Fruity grjttcd vp- 

■ on a Stocky thatbeareth a Sweeter Fruit^may both make the Fruit Iwce- 

j tcr, and more void of the harfh matter of Kernels or seeds. 

1 Ir IS reported, that not onely ihcTak'tngom of the /'/fi?,but the Stop- \ 516 
pingol the /Kj.eof the /'z>^,from Riling in the Middcft, and TurmH^it ' 

; CO nfc on the Outlide, will make the Fruit without Core, or Stofie ; As 
if you ihould bore a Tree clcanc thorovv,and put a wedge in. It is true, 
there is iome Artimty oetweene the Pithdnd the KcrmU, becauie tiicy 

: are both ofa harlh SublUnce, and both placed in the Middclt. 

It is reported, that Trees watered perpetually with Warme Waiter, vfi\ 

\ mjkea Fr«/f, vi^ith little or no C*w, or Stone : And the Rule is gcnerall, 

i that whatlbeutr will make a Wild Tree a G ardent ree^ will make a Gar- 

; dcn-Trce to hauclelfc Core^ox Stone. 

THe Rule is ccrtaine, that plints for want of Culture, degenerate to 
be bafer in the fame Kind j And fometimes, fo farre, as to change 
I into another Kinde. i . The Standmglong^ and not being Remoued^ma.- 
j keth them dc['atcrrite. 1. Dro»(^/)f,vniene the Earth of it felfebe m^ift, 
'; doth the like, 3. So doth. Remotiinginto vorfe Earthy or Forhc.irinif to 
] Corvpoft thcEartiy ^ As we fee, that yv,ner-Mint turneth into Fields Mint -^ 
j And die Colcwert mto K.jpe by negleifij&c. 

Whatloeuer Fruit vleth to be fet vpon a R out or a 5///,if it hefowne^ 
will dcgcnerjte. Gr^tpcsfoivne-^ Figs, Mmonds^ fomgrdnate Kernels fow/ic • 
make the Fruits degenerate , and Decomc Wilde. And againc, Mod of 
thofe Fruits that vie to beegrafted^il they be fet oi Kermis ^ox Stones^de- 
generate. It is true,that Peaches ( as hath beene touched before)doe bct- 
KxvponStones SetyihAiiwpoxi Grafting ; And the Rule of Exception 
fliould feeme to be this j That whatfoeucr Plant requireth much Moi- 
fture,prorpcreth better vpon the Stone, ot Kernell, than vpon the Graft. 
For the Stocke, though it giueth a finer Nourifhment, yet it giucth a 
fcanter, than the earth at large. 

5eec:/f,ifthcy be vcryOW,and yet haucflrcngth enough to bring forth '• 520 
a. plant, mxkcxha Plmt degenerate. And therefore skilfull Gardintrs j 
make trial 1 of the Seeds ^'ic'toxe they buy thcm,whcther they be good or 
no, by putting them into Water gently Boyled jAnd if they bee good ! 
they will i'prout within Halfe an Houre. 

It is II range which rs rc'portcd, that Bj^hoo much expofed 1 the 
Su't.-ic, doth uirne into irildc Thyme : Although thofe two Herls Iccme 
toll uic fmall Aiiinity; but liajilk almoftthc only Hot //cr/'t .jthat hath 1 
Pat iitd Succulent Lt\?«f j- WhichOylincMTejif it be drawn forth by the ^ 
Sunne, it is like it will make a very great Change. j 

There is an old Tradition, that Boughs of Oake, put into the Earth, | 5 2* 
will put forth ivilic riftes : Which if it be true ( no doubt) it is not the 
( )ake that turneth into a rine,biK the Oake-Beugh Putrifying, qualifieth I 
the Earthj to put forth a rine of it felfe. i 
. . M 3 , . Ii ' 


couching (he 
of PlaBti; And 
o( (hcTranfmu- 
MtiMof chcm, 
one into ano> 




^aturail Hiporj: 


} Itis notimpoffiblc, and lliauc hearJ itverifitci, that vponC/Ani/gl 
j t/es>/?f ofan Old Timber TreCytheStuh hach put «ut lomt-finivsa r/ft otj 
another Kind? • As chat 5«ff/? hath put forth tinh-^ Which, ifirixici 
true, the Caufi may be, for that the old Stul is too (cane of Iuycc,to}3tJC; 
forth the former Tree-, Andtherctoreputtcthtbnhar/ftfota teialier 
kinde,thatnecdeth leUe NouTifnraent. i 

There is an Opinion in the Countrey,t!iat if the fame GrsMndbc^l 
fomie^with the Grwiae that ^r«j»^j/«»iV, it will in tiiecnd, grow tobe 

It is ccrtaine, that in very sterik Teeres, Ctrnefcw/u. will grow iw.a«- 

Gratia feptquilm Tnandattlmus Hor-deaSttlciSy 
Infxlix Lolium, (jfJleriUs dotninantHr Aumx. 
And generally it is aRulc^that iPi««w,thataTe broi^ght forthby Cukmt 
asC»ry«,wilI iboner change into other 5pm«j than thole thatcoaicot 
themfelues.'For that Culture giueth but an Aduentitious Naiure,which 
is more eafily put off« 

This workcof the Traufmutation o^ Plants ^ one into diwy 
thct,i% inter Ma^nalia Naturoc .* For the Tranjmutation oi Spf- 
ciesis, in the vulgar Philofophy, pronounced Impo^blc : 
And certainly, it is a thir)g of difficulty, and rccjtiiicih dccpc 1 
Search into Nature : But iccing there appcarc kmc maoilcfl . 
Infflances of it, the Opinion of impoflibihty is to bee rcicdcd. 
And the Meanes thereof to tec found out- Wee (cr, chat in 
Liuing Creatures, ihac come of PutrefoBion^ there is imich] 
rrdii/wtt^4iw», of oncinto another ; As CatterpiSars turiKiti- 
to Flies, &c. And it (houldfccme probable, that whatbcuerl 
Creature^ hauingiife, is generated without 5^^d(, that Creaturei 
will change out of one Species into another. For ic is the 
Seed, and the Nature of it, whichlockeihand boundcth ini 
tkcCreatitre, that ic doth not expatiate. So as wee may wcM 
conclude, that fering the Earth, of ic (clfe, doth put forth 
Plants^ without 5^r/^, therefore Plants may wcJi \\-xuQ'ji.Tr(irtf- 
mlgratiott q[ Species. Wherefore wanting /wy?,^/?^:^^, which 
dococcurrc, wecfhali giuc Dirc<^ionsof the moil hkc'l^ 
Trialls: And generally, we= would nothauethofe, that read 
this our VVorkc of Sylua SjluaruaijaccoMni it Ibaiigc, or thinkc 
thatitisanOuer4^afte, that wee hauefct downc Paiticuhrs 
vncried; Forcoatrariwifct in our owne EOimatioo, wee ac-l 
count fuch Particulars, more worthy, than thofe that are 4- 


Century, V L 


ready cried md knowrie. For the(e Later mullbctakca as you | 
fiiu-lc clirnv , iku che Orbcr doe IcuellPoiiu bJankc ac ihclnusn- 
mr^jOf (^**?/0'i,a;id Axiomcs. \ 

Firft [hirv.-forc yon muft makcaceounfj that if you will haiie one \ 
p/;;wcli.xi)g'^' irico jnotlicr, you mull hauc thevVe^r/J/jwewf oucr-ruleihe '; 
I SceA , And r luTcforc you are to practice it by Noun^jmeiats as contrary ' 
j as may be- /o tlic N^tture oi'ihcHerU^So neucrthclelTc as iheHed niay 
i groWjAiid likcvvilc wirh Seeds chat arc otchc Weakcft Sort^and hauc 
{ Icall Vigour. Yui ihaii doc well therefore, to take M.ttjh Herbs, and 
1 Plant chViu vp ui Topsof Hills, ondChampaigncs, And fuch/Wj- as 
i require much Mouture,vpon Sandy and very dry Grounds. As for Ex- 
'atnplc Mi;fh-J'l:l!</n\Sy and sedge, vpon Hills j Cucufnl>erAi\(\Littuce- 
\ Scedi yHvACulcn-OtiS^s^jniSAndy plot : So contrariwife plant ^xi/jfja, 
\ Heiith-^L'mg^A<^d hr.ikis j^yoviAH'et ox MJrfl] Ground. This I concciuc 
alio, that all EfrtUnc^ind Cirdai-Hirhs^di vpon the Tops ofHiiIs,will 
proucni JVC .i/iri.V///j//, i hough kiVe Efc/dint, than they were before. 
And it may be liU wiU-, fomc ;yilde-Herbs you may make SaUct'Herbs. 
1 This is the fir.'l Rule lor Tr,}nj'm:n-it'ion oi Plants. 
v The Ic-cjnd Rule fuall be co bury Ibme few Steds^ of the Herle you 
j would chanofj .i:u-)ngll other Seeds j And then you ("hall fee, whether 
the luyce oi'thoie i)tiu'r Secds^ doc not lb qualific the Earth, as it will ! 
alter the .s^'t-t/jWliereupon you worke. As for Example j VntP.irJly-Seed 
amonglt Onion-Sccd-, Or Lcttuce-Sccd amon^d ParJlySeed ; Or BafilL \ 
^fci/amonglt Th}wie-Seidy And lee the Change of Tafte,or otherwiie. I 
But you Ihall doc well, to put the Stedyou would change, into a little 
linnen Cloth, that it mingle not with the forraine Seed. 

The third Rule iliall be, the M.ikinf^ of fomc Medley 6r Mixture of j 
&7rr/;, with fomc other Plmts hrnifed, or shauen^ either in Leafe of 
Root: As for example, make Earth with a Mixture ofColewort-Leaues, 
(lamped J and fct in it ^rtichoj hs, or Parfnips-^So take Earth made with 
Maioram, or Orig.viumfixmlde-lhyme, bruiied, or ftamped, and ferirl 
it FemteU-Sccd^ ^c. In which Operation , the Procelfc of Nature ftill 
willbe, (aslconceii'c) not that the Herbe you worke vpon, fhould 
draw the luycc of the Forraine Hcrbc\ (For that Opinion we haue for- 
merly fcieded 5 ) But that there will be a New Confcdion of Mould, 
whic!) pejh.ips will alici the Sve.l^ and yet !iot to the kinde of thefor- 
iller Ilerbe. 

The fourth. Rule inallbe, tomarke what Hobs, foms Earths doeput 

forth of ther,f\cln,s , And to take that £.»?/', andtoP<;f it, or to Veffell 

it • xAnd ill fhu r(>lct the Seed you would change ; As forcxample,takc 

from vnder W'alls, or the like, where Nettles put forth in abundance, 

thcE.irrh which yw iliall there finde, withoucany String, or Root, of 

|theA''ivr/t.f •, And I'V): tlut Eaith, an 1 let in it Stock-gil/y-floxpres, or 

\Wa!\fiijv:<res, ^'c. Or fow ;n the 5a,,^jofthem j And lee what the 

Eucnt will be:Or take f .;; r/'/hat you haue prepared to ptit ionhMufh- 

1 , . rsmes^ 






^aturall Hijtorj: 


53 = 

! Experiments 
I touching the 

J Artific'ul tirpar- 
fingoi Trees. 

\ 53^ 




in Confort 

r<?w6'/jofit(eIfe, ( whereof you fhall find (omc fnfljnces following j )l 
j And low in it Purjl'ine-Seed\ or LcttHce-Seed-^Yox in thele Experiments^ • 
it is likely enough, that the earth being accuftonned to fend forth one : 
Kinde ot Nouritbment, will alter the new Seed. 

The fifth Rule fhall bejto n)akc the Herbcgrevp contrary tohis Natare^ 
As to make Ground-Herbs rife inHehhth: As for example^CarryCrfwo- 
«////, or tvdde-Thyme^ox the Greene Str^mherryyVpon Stickes,as you doc 
Hops vpon Poles j and fee what the Euent will be. 

f he fixth Rule lliall be, to make plants grow out of the Sunne^ or Open 
Mre-^ For that is a great Mutation in Nature j And may induce a 
Change in the Seed : As barrell vp Earthy and fow fomc Seediu it,and 
put it in the Bottome of a Pond ^ Or put it in fome great hollow ry«; 
Trie alfo the Sowing of ^ff</j, in the Bottomes of Cauesj And Pots 
with Seeds lowne, hanged vp in Wells, fomc diftance from the Wa- 
ter, and fee what the Euent will be. 

IT is certaine,that Timber-Trees in Coppice ffeods^'^row more vpright, 
and more free from Vnder-Bciighes, than thole that (land in the 
fields: The Caufe whereof is,for that Plants haueaNaturall Motion,to 
get to the Sunne ; And befides, they are not glutted with too much 
Nouril'hment ; For that the Coppice fhareth with them; And Repletion 
cucr hindreth Stature •, Laftly, they are kept warmc^And that euer in 
pLmts helpcth Mounting. 

Trcf/jthat are, of themfelues, full of Hwf, (which Heat appeareth by 
their JnfiammableCummeSj)^s Firres,And Pines ^moimt of themfelues in 
Hcigth without Side-Boughes, till they come towards the Top. The 
Caufe is,partly H^at ; And partly Tenuity of luycc j Both which fend 
the Sap vpwards.As for luniper^ it is but a shruh^and groweth not big 
enough in Body, to maintaine a taWTree. 

It is reported, that aGood Strong C4««^w,rpread Oiiex iTree grafted 
loWjfoone after it putteth forth,will drvarfe it,and make it fpread. The 
Caufe is plaine j For that all things that grow, will grow as they finde 

Trees arc generally fet of i?oo^/,or Kernels-^'Bvit if you fet them of slips 
( as of fomeTVfCf yoti may, by name iheMulberry^^Comeohhc slips will 
rake •, And thofe that take, ( as is reported,) will be Djpjrfe-Trees. The 
Caufe is, for that as///? drawcth NouriiTimcnt more weakly ^than either 
a KootyOr Kernell. 

All Plmts^xhM put forth their5j/)haftily,haue their Bodies not pro- 
portionable to their Length ; And therefore they axemndtrs, and Cree- 
pers-, As /uyyBrionyyHepSyfyeodbine:\Nhexesis Dwarfing requireth a flow 
Putting forth,andle(Ie Vigour of Mounting. 

The Scripture Cxih; thx Salomon wrote iNaturall Hiftory, 

from the Cedar oiLibamsjio the M.o[fegrowing ypon the Wall : 

\ ' - - PQ'^ 

Ceniary. V I. 


for fo tlic bdl Tranflations hauc ir. And it isrruc that MOjffc^ \ 
ubmiUc Rudiment oizPlani i And (as ii wcrcj the Mouldoi'l 
Ean/j,ot Barke. 

MojJ'e gro\A7cth chiefly vpon Ridges o^f/mfes, ti led or thatched j And 
vpon ihiiCrefisoilValls. And thac^/tf//<?isof a lightfomc, and plcaCinc 
Circene, ThcC?rowingvpon5/*/»Miscaufed, for that Afp/fc, as on the 
one (idc it comnicth oi Moilhire ani! Water, Co on the other fide the 
M'W^r mull but Slide, and not Stand or Poole. And the drowing vpon 
Tilety or tvdls, S^c. js caufed, for that thofe dried EarthSj haiiing not 
Moiiturc fiifticicnt to put forth a FUnt^ doe pradifc Germinautn by 
Putting forth MoJJe-^ Though when by Age, or othcrwifc, rhey grow 
rorclcntandrcfolue, they (ometimes put forth f /*»)«/ j As fvall-Flojveri. 
Andalmoltall Mojje hath here and there little Stalkes, befides the low 

Mfffe gi-jvvtth vpon Alley es, cfpecially fuch as lye Cold, and vpon the 
North J As in diners TarraHes: Andagaine, if they be much trodden; 
Orif iheywer*.-, atthefirrt, graucllcd-, for wherclbeucr P/iww are kept 
dowix'j the Hartn puttcth forth A'foffe, - 

OlA Ground, that hath bcene long vnbroken vp, gathereth Majp : And 
tlicrcfore Husbandmen v(e to cure their Pufiure Grimftds , when they grow 
to Afaj(/c, by Tiiling them for ayeate, or twor Which allbdependeth 
vpontlie faiiicCd«/c ; Forcbat, ther\iore Sparing,and Staruing luyceof 
the Earth, infullicient for PUms, do?h breccl ^Ujj'e. 

Old Trecsy are more MoJ^ie^ (farrc) than Tf»n^ ^ For that the Sap is not 
fofranckeasto rife all tatheBoughes,.bii£ tirethby the way, and put- 
tcth out ^^<|//I'. 

f *«/»;(i/««-haue Mt//e^o^iag vpon the Gnt»ndaboi\z them ; 

M»fc0fi Ftmes', ■ 

The Cm/c is, for that the Fc»ntaioes draine the fVater from the Ground 
Aduceot^ and Icauc but fufficienr Moifturc tobrced MtJ[e : And befides, 
the Coldoejfe of the crater ^ conduccth to the (anle. 

The Afofje o^Tries, is a kinde oCffdire j For it is the luyce of the 7V^^, 
that is Exccrned, and doth not Aflimilatc. And vpon great Tr^es the 
.1/o/7if gathereth a Figure, like a /-r//r. v<.)['' 

The MffiJIry Sort of Trees yeeld little Aftjfi • As wee fee in A/f^es, Pd- 
fUts,H'illorves,ncfchcs,Scc. Which is partly caufed, for the reafon that 
hathbccnc giuen, of the francke l^tittingvpof the^Jpiritothe/J^/ij^/'W; 
And partly, for that the B^fLes of tho(c Trees, are more Clofe and 
Smooth, than thofe oi' O.tkes, and Afhes-^ Whereby the AfeJJ'e can 
the hardlior ifTue out. 

In cUj'Groandt, all Pruit-Trees grow full oCMiJJe, both vpon Badj and 
Boughes , Which is caufed, partly by the CcldneJJe of the Grfuitd, where- 
by the PUms nouriAi IcfTe ^ And partly by the ToughHeJJ'e of the Etrth, 
whereby the St^ is flint in, and cannot get up, to fpreadfofranckly, as 


Kkd-mint of 
Tlants, ina of 















We haiiefaid heretofore, that '\i Tree she Hide-bound^ they '.v.ix k-lfc 
I FrnittuH, and gather Meffe: And that they ate hoiptn by IJacU»g,^c. 
\ And therefore by the reafon of Contraries, if Ti-ees bcc bound in with 
Curds ^ or fome Outward Bands, they will put forth more Mojfe : W hich 
(I thinke) happcneth to Trees that ftand Blcake, and vpon the Cold 
Winds. It would alfobe tried, whether if you couer a Tree, iomewhat 
thicke vpon the topj after his Fowling, it will notgathcjr more MoJl^ I 
thinke alfo, the fvatring o( Trees ivith Celd¥ottntainefrater^ will make 
them grow ftiU oiMofJe, 

There is a Moffe the Perfamers haue, which commetii out of Apple- 

, Trees, that hath an Excellent Sent. Qu^tre particularly for the AUnnero'i 

' iheGretvthy and the Nature of it. And fa this ExperimeHtsCake^ being 

a Thing of Price, 1 haue fetdowne the [all Experiments ,how to multiply, 


Next vnto Mofey I will {peake of Mujhromes j Which arc 
like wife an VnperfeB Plant, Thcfc Mufbromes haue two ftrangc 
Properties j The One, that they yccld lo Delicious 2l Meat , The 
orher, that chcy come <vp{o haflily j As in a Night j And ypt ihcy 
are Vnfowne. And therefore, fuch as arc Vp-ftarts 111 State, rhcy 
call, in reproach, M^/'/'^JW^j. It mufl: needs be therefore, that 
they bee made of much Moifture ; And that Moifltire Fat, 
Grofic, and yet fomewhat Concodled. And f indeed) we findc 
that Mufbromes caufc thq; Accident^ wiiich wc call Inculnu^ or 
theM^ir^, in the Stomach. And therefore the Sur/et of them 
may Suffocate, and Empoyfbn. And this fhewetb, that they 
are Windy; And that WindinefTc is Groflc, and Swelling; 
Not 5harpe, or Griping. And vpon the fame reafon Mufij. 
romes arc a vencreoui Meat. 

It is reported, that the Barke of Whiter or Red Poplar ^ (which are of 

the Moifteftof Trees ^ cut fmall, and caft into Farroves well dunged, 

will caufe the Ground to put forth Mu^romes^ ax. &\^ Sea/ens o[ the Teare, 

fit to be eaten. Someadde to the Mixture I.^/»f» of ^r^.i*;/, refoluedin 

1 ^Fater. 

\ It is reported, that if a Hilly'Pieldy where the SiuUle is ftar.ding, 
bee fet on Fire, in a Showrie Seafon^ it will put forth great Store of 

It is reported that Harts-Heroe^ sbaHen, or in Small Peeces,m\yied with 
I>f»g:, and fvatred, putteth vp Mufliremes. and wc know Hurts-Home 
is of a Fat and Cianamic Siibftance: And it may be OxeHorne would 
doe the like. 

It hath bcene reported, though it be fcarce credible, that /wy hath 
growne out of a Stags-Horne ; Which they fuppofe, did rather come 


. Century, V 1. 

from a Conf'ric.itian of the Home vpon the / ty^ than trom tiU' //or^i? ij 
(eire. Tliirrc is not knowne any Siibftdncejbut£./>r'9,dnd the Procedures 
o££artb,(^s TileySto}}ey$cc.)thaJi yceldcth any A/oJj c^or Htr'uy Snhjlmce. 
I There may be criali raaJeof'lbme Seeis^ as thar ui fennell-seed^ M:i- 
\Jiard-Secdyind Rafe'Seed,put into fom^' iittie Holes, made in the Homes 
I of 5^7g/,or Oxen, to iee it'they will grow. 

j There isaho another fn^erfeH Punt, that ( in lliew ) is h"ke a great 
Mf^broMc .Andit is fometimes as broad as ones Hat,V -hich they call 
a Totds-StooU: But it is not Eiculent j And ir growe.n(c^/:nynoniy) jy 
adeadStiibotaTrwj And likewifc aDout tne Reotsoi Rotten Trees: 
And therefore fccmeth to take his luyce from fvooi Putnfitd. Which 
(hcwechj by the way, thitfvocd Pityjfcdyceni>.tl\ a tr mke Afojiurc. 

There is a Cah,i\ut groweth vpon the iideofa De.tdTree^thai hath 
gottenno Name, but it is large, and of a Chelnut Colour, and hard 
and pithy ; Whereby it ihoiild ftcmc, tha: cucn DetdTreesiorg^t not 
their Putting forthjNo more than thcCurcjjfes o{Me»sBodiis,thdt put 
forth //.//ff ,and Nailes, for a Time. 

There is a cW, ox lii^gge, that groweth commonly in the Fields • 
That at the fir (1 is hard like a TcnnU'BaU,^i\d whire •, And after grow- 
eth oinMnjhrGmc Colour yand full of lightD.vt/i vpon the Breaking- And 
is thought to be dangerous for the Eyes, if the Powder get into them • 
And to bee good for Kibes. Belike it hath a Corrofme, and Frcttv'g 

There is znHerbc called /t w>£rfrf,that groweth vpon the ^oor f,and 
Lower Parts of the Bodies oi frees ; .Efpecially ot f.lders, And lomctimt s hath a ilrange Property j For In t^arme-water ,ix fwilicth, and / 
openeth extremely. Itisnotgreene, butofaduskie browne Colour.^ 
And it is vfed for Sqainancies^and Infiammations in the r/;ro.?^j Where- 
by it fcemcth to haue a Mollifying, and Lenifying Vertne. 

There is a Kinde o[Sfo;igie Excrefcettce,whkh grow^-th chiefly vpon 
thereof jof the L a fer-^Tree, And fometimes vpon Cf^./rjandotherTrtrr, 
It is very White, and Light, and Friable : Which we call A^arich. It 
is famous mPhyficke for t\\ePurzt»g ofTorfghJiegpne. And it is aifoan ex- 
cellent Opener for the Liuer : But Orfcnliue lo the Stomulce , And in 
r^^cit is, at the firll, 5?Pfff ,and after Bitter. 

Wc finde no Super-plant, that is a Formed P/z/wf, but Mi jj'dtoc. They 
hauc an idle TMdition,that there isa fi/r<^,called a Miffcl-itrJ^ilut fee- 
dcth vpon a5ff^, which many times ("he cannot dilgcif, and fo expel- 
Icih it whole with her Excrement: which falling vp.^i a Bough of a l ree 
that hath (omeRif, putteth forth the Mijfiltoe.^ot this is a Fable • For 
' it is not probable, that Birds Hiould.fecd vpon that they cannot difgeft. 
! Bur allow that, yet it cannot be for other Reafons; For firlt,itis found 
but vpon cerramcTrc^T; And thofeTV^-wbeare nofuch Frrt;>, as m«y 
allure that Birdio fit, and feed vpon them It may be, that S/Vis^fcedeth 
y/[>on the Mijfcl toe Bfry;fj,andlo is often found there; Which may haue 
giuen occaliontochc Tale.But that which raakcth an End of the Que- 










jSQjturali bipory: 




lUjiijiSj that Miffeltae harhbeeiic found to put forth vnJcr the Eongha^ 
and not (^ only) abouethe Eoughes i So it cannot be oi^y Thing that ral- ; 
kth vpo:uhcBP4g^. Mijjdtee groweth chieHy \^oc\Crab-TrcLSy ^jfle- 
Tr^es, fometimesvpon^<z/fcf ; And rarely vpon <?ji^« ^ The Af'ffcittc^ 
whereof is counted very yi/*</w*(ii/. Itiscucr greene, Winter afidSiun- 
mci i Andbcarethaw^^/rc Glijierifi^ Berry : And it is a PUitt vttcrjy dif- 
fering from the Plant, vpon which it groweth. Two things therefore 
maybe certainly fet downe: Firlt, that Smfer-J station mnftbcbv^^»«- 
dit3(cotSjpy in the B#»g^ that putt cth it forth : Secondly, that that 5-ip 
niudbefuchj as the Tree dothcxcernc, and cannot alfimilate 5 For elle 
ic would goe into a Bengh • And befidcs, it fcemeth to bee more Fat and 
Vnftiioiis, than the Ordinary 5jp of the Tree-^ Bothby theB^/r;', which 
isClammic. And by that it continucth greene, Winter and Summer, 
which the 7V« doth not. 

This Experiment of Miffeltte may giuc Light to other Pradifes. 
Therefore Triall would bee made, by ripping of the Bough of a 0-4^- 
Trec in the Barke^ And fvatring of the wound euery Day, with tr^irme 
Wdter Dan^edy to fee if it would bring (onh Mij^eltae, oranyfiich like 
Tiling. But it were yet more likely to trie it, with fbme other fvatring, 
or Amtnting, that were not fo Naturall to the Tree^ as water isj As 
OjfUy or Barmeoi Drinke^ &c. So they bee fuch Things as kill not the 

It were good to trie, whatP/<«« would put forth, if they bee forbid- 
den to put forth their Natursll Bfiughes : Poll therefore a Tree, and co 
ucrit, (bme thicknefle, withc/4;on the Top 5 And fee what it will put 
forth. I fuppofe it will put fortlr^M//j For lb will a C/m/, being turned 
downe into Clay: Therefore, in this £x/»*nwfw alio, the 7>f* would be 
dofed with fomewhat, that is not fo Naturall to the Plant, as claji is. 
Trie it with Leather, or chth, or Panttngt io it be not hurtfull to the 
Tree. And it is certaine, that a ^j-tflt^ hath beene knownc to grow out of 
a PdUrd. 

Aitian may count the Prickles of 7>e« tobeakinde of Excre/iefiee ^ 
For they will neuerbe5tf«g/'«, nor beare Leaues. The Plants that haue 
Pricklesy arc Themes, blacke and white ; Brier j Refe j Liman-Trees ; Cra^- 
Trees ; Goofe- Berry j Berbery ; Thclc haue it in the Beugh 5 1 he Plants that 
haue Prickles in the Leafe^ arc ; HoUy 5 Juniper • vvhin-buflj •, Thijlle ; Ntttlcs 
alfo haue a fmall venomous Prickle \ So hath Burras^e, but harmckfle. 
The Cijayi' mu(t be Hajlj Pattingforth • WantoiMoiftttrc^ An-l the Clo{e 
ne([e ohkc Barke ._^ Forthe //''y?tf ofthe Spirit to put forth, and rhc f^'4»f of 
Notttifhment to put forth a Bough ^ and the Clofeneffe of the Bar ke, caufc 
Prickles in Boughes; And therefore they are euerlikea/')'r4»ifcf, for that 
the Mviftare fpcndeth after a little Putting forth. And for PricUet 
inLeaues, they come alfo oi Putting forth more /o/ff into the Leafe^ than 
canfpread in the. Leaf e fmooth; And therefore the Iw*«othcrwifc are 
Roughy as Borrage and Nettles are. As for the Leauesof Holly, they are 
Smooth, butneuerP/4w*,bucasit were with f<>/</i for the fame C4«/<?, 



Gnturj. V I. 

I There bcc alio plants, thai though they haiie no Pridles, yet they 
' hBiie a kinde oi'»onny or f^duet R /«e, vpon their Leaues-^ As 
\pion^Stock-Gilly'Flowt:ri,CvUs-Foot ;. which Dorvnc, or A'..^ co!H!:i..-th of 
\i Sulttll SpintiimSoftor Fat SubjUnce. t^or it is certainc, that both 
^Stod-ailly-Flowerx, and Rofe-Cumpions, (bmpccijhauebcencapplycd, 
' (with fiicccflfe) to the tvrejis of choie that hauc havl Tertian, or £hjirtan 

j4^/*f/; And the r.ifouroi Cdts-Ftot hath a iJanatiiic vcrtue,towards the \ 
\ tun^f-^ And the Lejfe alfo is Healing in SHrgery. 

\' Anoi her Kindc ot Excrefienfeis an Exudation ofp4,tnts^ ioyncd with 
"Putnf.diion-^ Aswec IccinOjh'Apples, which are iound chiefly vpon 

the Lf.»«cjr of b.ik(i-y And the like vpon mllowes : And Countrty l\o- 
I pic hatie a kinde of /'rf^/'ffi<wijthat if the Ojlce-^ipple, broken, be full of 
; fVnrmeSyXi is a Signc of uPefiileht Teere j Which is a likely Thing, be- 
; caufe they grow of Corruption. 

There is" alio vpon Sweet, or other Briery^ fine Tuft, or Bruf/j oiMo^'e^ 
\ ofdiuers Colours j Which if you cut, you (ball euer findc lull of little 


IT is ccrtainc, that Earth, taken out of the Fottniatiom of FjuUs and 
mufcu^nd /;ot;tf;«fxofn^f///, and then put into ?of/, will put forth 
St-indry Kinds of //fr/'x:But fonie Time is required, for thcGermnation- 
forifitbct.iken,butfroma f»Jf/>owf deepe, it will put forth the Firjl 
^^frf If much deeper, nottiU after a refrf, or rir^. 

The N.iture of the pUnts growing out oi Earth fo taken vp, doth fol- 
low ilic Nature of the Mould it felfej As if the Mould be S<>ft,Aad Fine 
it putteth forth Soft Herbs ; As Graffe, pluntrne, and the like ^ If the 
£jrfi be Harder and Courfcr, it putteth forth //f/-^/ more jCi*//^)^, as 

It is Common Experience, that where Alleyes are clo(e GraucUed the 
£<*rtAputtcth forth, the firltyeere, Knot'grajfe, indihcrSpjre-graJfe 
The c;"4ii(]f is,for that the//W Grduell,or Pebble at the firft Laying, will 
not fuffcr the Gn7(/e to come forth vpright, butturneth it to findchis 
way where it can j But after that the Earth is fomewhat loofcned at the 
Topj the Ordinary Gr^Jft- commcth vp. 

It is reported, that Earth, being taken out o^ Shady and n\nry fro'oJs, 
fonlc depth, and Potted, will put forth Herbs of a Fat and luycy Sub- 
ftancci As Pem^y-ir^n^ PurJlane,Httiflecke^Pcyiny royall,Sic, 

Tlic^K^rp>-al(o doth fend forth Plants^ that haueno Roots Hxcd in 
-the Bottnnk'-But theyarc lefTe PcrfeEf Plants, being almoil "but Leaues, 
and thofe fmall oties : Such is thatvt^eecall Duck-Weed-, which h.uh a 
Leafe no bigger thaira Thymc-Lcafe, but ofafrefher Greene, iind puc- 
teth forth a litdc String into the ty.fter, farre from the Biittome. As for 
the fyjter-Lilly, it h.itli a Root in the Ground: And ia haue a I^unibef of 
other hlcrbs rhar grow in Ponds. '• • , . ■ 

It is reported by ioriie of ihc J neientSi^ndfome^i(fder>!c fcpmo^iy 
likewifc-, that there be fome /"/ww/jthar grow vpou the Top ot the Jm; 





m Contort 
touching the 
Predmi"!, ot 
Without Seed. 














■ ! 


in Coofort 



J\(aturall Hijlory: 


feeing fuppofcd to grow oiiomc Concrctha of Slifnei'xomihcfytJter^ 
where the Sitnne beatcth hot, and where the Sea (lirreih little. As fur 
^Iga Marine! ( Sea-weed,) and Eryngium ( Sea Thijlle) both hauc Jivots j 
but the Sea-weed vnder the fvater,xhe Sea-Thifile but vpon the shore. 

The Ancients hauc noied^ that there are fomc Herhsy that grow 
outolS'wojp, laid vpclofe together, and Ptttrified-^ And that they arc 
all Bitter • And they name one fpecially, Flomtu, which we call Mtth- 
■Mullein. It is certainc, that tytrmes arc found in Snow comnaonly, like 
f^^rf^-fftfrxnfjTjAnd therefore it is not vnlikc, that it tnay likcwifeput 
forth ?lanty% 

Thc><B«>»rjhaueaffirnaed, that there arc ComQ Herbs ^ that grow 
out of 5w«^j Which may be, for that it is certainc, that Toadshmc bin 
found in the Middle of a Free-Stone. Wee fee alfo, that f/w/, lying 
aboue Gr^tfaijgather MtJ^e-y And tyall-fiowers^ADd fome other Flowers^ 
grow vpon W^/T/jBut whether vpon the Maine PnVjtfjOr^rswjOr wBc' 
theroutoftheZ,j«»«or Chinkes^ is not well obferucd j For£/<^r/and 
Afhesixixxe beenefeenc to grow out of 5fff/>/M ; But they raanifeftly 
grow out o^ clefts •, In fo much as when they grow big, they will dil- 
ioyne the Stone.hnd befides it is doubtfull, whether the Mortar it felfe 
putteth it forthjOr whether fome Seeds be not let fall by2f;>«ff .There be 
likewifcifoc;t*-fff r^/jButl fuppofe thofc are,whcre there is ibmcMoidd 
or Earthy It hath like>yife becne found, that great Trees growing vpon 
Slurries y hauc putdowne their Root into the Stone. 

In fomcMw/ mGermany^ii is rcported,there grow in thcBottomc 
yegetables'y And the fr«r^-Fo/i^wvfe to fay, they hauc iWjg/rrf// Vtrtue-^ 
Aid will not fuffer Men to gather them. 

The5f4-54»4if fcldomc bearc ?/<i»r/. Whereof the Caufeh ycel- 
ded ,by fome of the Ancients yiot that the Sunne exhaleth the Mtifture, 
before it can incorporate with the Earth, and yeeld a Nourilhmcnt for 
the rlanf. Audit is affirmed alfojthat Sand hath (alwaies ) his Rootin 
CUy-y And that there be no Veincs ofSand , any great depth within the 

It is certaine, that fome plants, put forth for a time, of their own6 
Start, without any Nourifbment from Earth j/rateryStoney &c. Of whicfii 
f^de the Experiment 2<p. 


IT i$rcporrcd,that£4«/7,thatwasbroughtoutofthc/«^/fj, anc! o 
thcr Remote Countries ^ for BallaJiofShipSy caft vpon fomc Grounds in 
Italy y did put forth Forraine Herbs ^ to vs in £«ropenot knuwnc ; And 
that which is more, that of their Roots, Barkes, and Seeds , contufed to- 
gether, and mingled with other Earth, and well Watrcd with IVart^e 
fFtffcr,therecamc forth Herbs much like the Other. 

?/4«rbroughtoutofHwroi*«mM,wiUendecrourtoput forth, at ^ 
the faihe r;»ie,that they vfually do in their owne climate-^ And therfore 
to pre(eruethem,there is no more required, than to keepe them from 
the Iniury of Putting backe by Cold. It is reported alfo, that Graine out 



Century. V 1. 



in Ccniort, 
touching i be 
S CO Inns in 
vihuh FUnti 

oftheHomr Co««nV/tranflated into the Colder, wiWhe more forward^ 
than the Ordinary Graine of the Cold is likcly^that this will 
proue better in eyd/«e/,than in 3'rffJjFor that Graines arc buiAnnuall' 
And fo the yertue of the Seed is not worne out j Whereas in a Tree^a is 
emaafcdby the Ground^ to which it is Remoucd. 

Many/>/.j«tj, which growinthe/f^wtrCownm^j-, being (et in the 
Colder i will ncLierthcleffc, eucn in thofc Cold Countries^ being fowne of 
Seeds late in the Springs come vp and abide moft Part of the Summer ; 
AsweefindeitinOriVjgeand Limtn-Suds, Sec. The Seeds whereof^ 
Sowncinthc End of ^o////, will bring forth Excellent 5 j//aj, mingled 
wich other Herbs, And 1 doubt not but the Seeds of Cloue-Jrees, and 
Pepper-Seedf^&cc.h' they could come hithci: Cjr^ene enough to be ibwne, 
would doe the like. 

THcre be fomc Flowers, Blojfemes, Graines, and Fruits, which come 
more Early ^ And Others which come more Liite in che Teere. The 
Flowers that con»e eariy, with vs, are ^ Prime-R ojes, Fttkts, Anemo-'iies, 

water-Dajfadillics, Crocm Virnm, and fome early Tulipp.i's. And they 

areallCoW /•/.<«« 5 Which therefore (asitiliouldretnic^haueacpic- 'oweiorth. 
kcr Perception, of the tieat of the Sunnc Incrcafing, than the Hot Herbs '>!! 
haue ; As a ColdHund will fooner fiudea little w^,j;7«f/;,than a Hot. And 
thofe that come next alter, Aretyall- Flowers, Cowjlip s. Hyacinths, Rofe- 
MJry-Fl9wers,&cc. And after them, Pincks, Rgfes, Floverdeluces,^c. 
Ail J the latell are Gilly-plowers, Holly-oakes^L.irks-Foot, &c. The Ear- 
icft Blojfomes are,thc Blojfomes o{ IP caches ,AloioHds;CorneHuns ,Mezeri- 
ohs, &:c. And they arc of fuch Trees, as haue much Al<'»//«rc,cither Wa- 
tfieoxOylii: And therefore Cr^cm P'ernw alfo, being an ^fr^e, that 
hath an Oylieluyce, putteth fdrth early. For thofe alfo linde the Sunne 
fooner than the Drter Trees. The Graines are, firft Ryeund IVhe^itfTUcn 
Oatsind Barley; Then Peafe and Beanes. For though Greene Peafe and 
5M«e/ be eaten fooner, yet the Drie Ones, that are v fed for Horfe-meat, 
areripe laft- And it feemeth that the Fatter (7rrf;»ccommeth firft. The 
Earlieft Fruits arc,Strawherries,cherries,Goofebcrries, Cerrans ; And af- 
ter thcm,Early Apples, Early Peares,Jpricots,RafpS'^ And after them Da- 
»ufi>js, and moftKinde oi' Pliims,Pe.!ches,S!Cc. And the lateft are Apples^ 
wardens ^Grapes, Nuts, ^^nces, Almonds, sloes,Brier-Bcrries,Heps, Med- 
lars, ScrttiCes, Corneluns, &c. 

It is to be noted, that (commonly) Trees that ripen Litejl,blejfemefib' 578 
neji: As Peaches. Cornelians, slocs. Almonds, &c. And it fccmcth to be 
a Worke of Prouidence, that they blolTomc fo foonc ; For otherwife, 
they could not haue the Sunne long ehough to ripen. 

There be Fruits (but rirely ,) that come twice a year e-, as fome Pearei, 5 7^ 
Strawberries, &c. And it feemeth they are fuch, as abound with Nou- 
rillimcnt •, Whereby after one Period, before the 5«««f waxcth too 
wcakc, they can endure another. The r/o/ffalfo, araongft Flowers, 
commethtwiceaYeare, Elpccially the Dow^/f »'/>/>c 1 Andthdt alfo 

N 2 is 




toaching the 

Lapngot Herks 
and Trcff. 




0\(acurali hijiorj: 


is a Tlam full of Moiftitre. Rofes come twice, btir it is no: without Cut- 
tim, as hath boene formerly (aid . 

hi Mufcoui^tihovs,h the Cornecome not vp, till late Springs yet their 
Haritefi is as Early as Ours. The Cauft is, for that the Strength of the 
C7ro««()/iskcptinwiththe5«07J> •, And wee lee with vs, that if it bee a 
long ff /«f f r, it is commonly a more FlentifuUTenre : And after thofe 
kinde oifvinters likcwife, the F/oTrfr/,and Cor«f, which areEarlicr,and 
Later, doc come commonly atona-, and at the fame time ^ Which 
troublcththe Hutiandman rmny times j Foryoufhallhaue i?£^/^o/ejj 
and Dumaske Rofes ^ come together -, And likewife the Haruefi oilVhei.t 
and Barley. But this happeneth eiicr, for that the Earlier ftayeth for the 
Later ; And not that the Later commeth fboner. 

There be diucrs Fruit-Trees, in the Hot Countries, which haue 5/1?/^ 
femes i and Toung Fruit, and Ripe Fn«f ,aImoft all the Yearc, fucceeding 
one another. And it is laid, the Orenge hath the like with vs^ for a great 
Part of Summer ; And fo alfo hath the F/^^e. Andnodoubt^ the;v^- 
turall Motion of Plants, is to haue (6 ; But that cither they want Itiyce to 
(pond ; Or they meet with the Cold, of the Winter ; And therefore this 
Circle oi Ripening cannot be, but in Succulent Plants, and Hot Countries. 

Some Hfj'^/ are but /^«««/7//,anddie,^oefandall, oncea Yeare; As 
Borrj^e ^Lettuce, CHCumbers ^fAmk-Melons ,Bafil, Tobacco, Mufiard-Seed, 
and all kindes of Cor«e i Some continue many Ycercs 3 As Hjjjepc^^ 
Germander, Lauander, Fennell,^c. The Caufe of the Dyi^ig is double j 
The ftrft is the Tendernejfe and weaknejje of the seed, which maketh the 
Period in a fmall time; As it is \nBerrage,Lettuce,Cucumbers,Corne,tLC. 
And therefore none of thefe are Hot. The other Caufe is, for that lome 
Herbs can worfe endure Cold-^ As Bafill^ Tobacco, Mftft^rd-Seed j And 
thefe haue (all) much Heat. 

THe Lafiingoi' Plants is mofl in thofc that are Largeji ofsody j As 
Oaks, Elme, chef-nut,the LoafTree,&cc.f\nd this holdeth in Trees-^ 
But in Herbs it is often contrary •, For Borage, Colevjort, Pompi ens, which 
Arc Herbs ohhe Largtjlsiie, are o({mi]\Dvra.nce ; VVhcrcas HyJJbpe, 
mnter-Samry, Germander, Thyme, Sage, wilUaft long. The Caufe iSj 
for that Trees laft according to the Strength, and Quantity of their Sap 
and luyre: Being well munited by their 2i</r/(T again It the Iniuries of the 
Aire /But Herbs draw a Weake luyce ^ And haue a Soft Stalke j And 
therefore thofe amongftthem which laftlongeft, are Herbs of Strong 
Smell, and with a Sticky Stalke, 

Trees [hztbezteMafi, and Nuts, are commonly more lafting, than 
thofe that bearc Fy««XiEfpccially^the Moifier Fruits: As Oakes,Becches, 
chef-nuts. Wall-nuts, Almonds, Pine-Trees, &c. laft longer than Apples, 
Peares, Plums, &c. The Caufe is, the Fatneffe, and Oylineffe of the Sap . 
Which cuer wafteth IcfTe, than the more ivatry. 

Trees, thax bring forth their Leaues late in the r^frf, and caft them like- 
wife latCj arc more ;4^/«^,than thofe that fprout their Leaues Early ^or 


Cemurji. V 1. 


rhcd them betimes. The Cduff is, for that the late Camming fcrth llicweth 
;x Moijlurc more fixed; And the other more loofe, and more eaiily re- 
foliied. Andthe(amcr4«/tf^is, that H-V/^^Trcw la It longer thmGardtn- 
Treci-^ Andinthefamekindcj thofcvvhorc Fruit is Acide, more than 
thole wliofc Fruit is fvvcct. 

Nothing prociircth the LafitHgo^ Trees ^ BufbeSy ^ndHerLi, Co much, 
as otten (?«m//j^ ; For eiiery Cutiifig caufeth a Renoiiation of the lujce 
of the Plant •, That it ncit^iergocthfofarre, nor rifeth fo faintly, as when 
theWjofis r\ot C Mt : Inlomnchas ArtnuaU Pbnts, it you cut them fta- 
(•nubly, and will fpare tlic vie of them, and fuifcr tht-m to come vp itilj 
yjung, will lalt more Yeares than oaCj As hath beene partly touched • 
Such as is Leunce^ Pitijlaney Cucumber, and the like, t^ndioi Great Trees, 
wcfccalmjikallc^ff-^z-^iruf T/^r^, in Church-yards, or neare Ancient 
Buikiing>,ardtlielikt, ate PoUardt^ ot Dattotds^ and not 7";r« at their 
full Height. 

Some Experiment would be made, how by ^rt to make Plants more 
L:Jii»g th\n their ordinary Period; As to make a. SLtlke ot whtat, &c. 
lallawholc yc-irc. You mull cuer prefuppofe, that you handle it fo, as 
th.e fr///ffr killcth it not ; For we f[>eakeon!yot Prtlonging the Naturali 
Period. 1 conceiue, that the Rule will hold ; That whatloouer maketh 
the //t'ryr come later, thanat his time, will make it lall longer tinie; It 
were gv)odtrie it, '\.na.Staike oiWhe*t^ gee. fct in the Shade, and en- 
comp.ifTed with a Cafe of «W, not touching the StrAW^ to keepe out 
Open Aire. 

As for the Prcferuarion of Fruits, W Plants, as well vpen the Tree, 
<>>-Stalke, as gathered, wefbdlhaadleitvitdtr f^f Title tf/"Conferuation of 

THc Particuldr Figuresdi PUttts, wc leauc to their Deferiptitnt;^ But 
fome tew things, in gcnerall, we willobferue. Trees and f/eris, in 
the Growing forth of their Boughes and Branches^ arc not Figured, and 
keepe n® Order. The Cau/e is, tor that the Sap, being retrained in the 
R/udcy and Saykcbrcaketh not forth at all j ( As in the Bodies of rr^^j, and 
^tdfkesoi Herbs,) till they begin to branch; And then, when they make 
an Eruption, they breake forth cafually, where they finde bcifway, in 
the Barke or Rindc. It is true, that fome Trees are more fcattered in their 
Boushcs i As Sallow-Trees, ^'ardeu-Trees, Qaince'Trref, MedUr-Trees, Li- 
mon-Treef, ^c. SoMieare more in the forme of a Pyramis, and come al- 
m)lttotodJ, As the /'^'d;Y-r/■c^ (which the Cr/V/V^vj-will hauetobor 
row his name of 7^'f, Fire,) Orenge-Trees, Fir-Trees, Seruice-Trees, Lime- 
Trees, &:c. Aiul fome are more Ipred and broad ; As Beeches, Uornbearne, 
&CC. The retl arc more indifferent. The Caufe of Scattering the5#«p/Ev/, 
is the Hafty breaking forth of the Sap-^ And therefore thofe Trets rife 
not in a Bo^vof any Height, butbr.jnch neerethe Ground. The Caafcj 
o^the Pyramis, is the Keeping in of the Sap, long beforeir branch; And 
the fpending oi it when it beginneth to branch, byct]ijalldegrees. The 
__^ N 3 ____^ shredding 



in Confott, 
touching the 





^\(aturaU Hif.or'y: 



! Experiments 
, inConfort 
toaching fomc 

591 . 


Spreading is caiifed by the Carrying vp of the S^-p^ plentifully, without 
Expcncc J And then putting it forth Ipecdily, and at once. 

There bee diuers //irr^j, but noTrees, that itwy be faidtohaue fome 
kinde of Order^ in the Putting forth of their Leaues : For they have 
l<^nts ox Knuckles^ as it were Stops in their Germitiation *^ As haueC/fl/- 
F lowers, Pinket^Petinell^Cerne, Reeds, and Canes . The (?4«/^ whereof is, 
for that the ^ip afcendeth vnequally, and doth (as it were) tire and ftop 
by the way. Andicfeemeth, theyhaue (ome (MofeneJJ'e and ffardneffc-j 
in their Stalke^ wrhich hindereth the Sap from going vp, vntill it hath ga- 
thered into a Knot, and fo is more vrgedto put forth. And therefore, 
they are moft of them hollow, when the Stalke is drie. As FerMell-Stalke, 
Stubble^ and CAnes. 

B lever shix^t (all exquifite f j^mrw j And the Flewer- Numbers, axe 
(chiefly) F;W, axv\Feisre, As in Prime.Refes, Brier-RofeSy Single-Mmsk- 
Rofes, Single-Pinkes^ and Gillj-Fltwers, &c. which haue fiue Leaues: 
LtllieStFlower-de-LuceSj Berage, Bngle£ey &«. which haue foure Leaues. 
But fome put forth Z.M(»w not Numb red i But they are euer fmallOnesj 
PiS Mary-Golds, Trif tile, ^c. Wecfeealfo, that the ^tffj(r«/, and Supfor. 
ters of Flfiwersy axe Figured; As in the Fiue Brethren of the Refe -, See- 
lets of Gilly-F lowers. Sec. Leaues alCo ate all Figured:, Some Round, Some 
Long; None Square ; And manyiagged on the Sides j V\ hich Leauet 
of Flowers feldome are. For I account the Jigging of Ptnkes, and G///jf- 
Flomrs, to be like the Inequality of Oake-Leaues , ox Vine- Leaues, or the 
like J But ihey feldome or neuer haue any fmall Purles. 

OF Vlants, fomc few put forth their Blojjemes before their Leaiies'^ 
As JlmondsyPeaches, Cornelians^ Black-Thome, &c. But moft put 
forth fomeLM»« before their £/4»^w« J As apples, Peares, plupts^Chet' 
ries,lVhite'Thor»e,Sic. The Cau/e is, for that thofo, that put: forth rheir 
Bloffomesfitfk, haue cither an Acute and Sharpe Spirit-, (And therefore 
commonly they all put forth early in the Spring, and ripen very late • As 
moft of the Particulars before mentioned ; ) Or clfe an Oylj Jnjiee, which 
is apterto put out F/tfWcrJjthan ^w«w. 

Of plants. Come axe Greene aWfvinter; Others caft their iM«W. Ther<* 
axe Greene all fvinter. Holly, luf,Box, Firre^ Eugh, Cjpr'ejfe^ luniper, Bayes, 
Rofe-Marj, &c. The Caufe of the Holding Greene, is the Clofcand Com- 
pact Subjiance of their Leaues^ and the Pedicles of them. And the C.iufc^ 
ofcbatag^inc, is cither the Ti"*^^, and ri/cotn Imce of the Plant -, Or the 
Strength axid Heat thexeof. Of the firftSortis^o/Z^j Which isofforV/- 
«/«»a/»;«, astheymake Bird-ltme of the Batke of it. The Stalke of juy 
is Tough and not Fragile, as wcfee in other fmall Twigs dry. Firrc^ 
yeeldethPiteh.Boxisa faftandheauyw»<»</, as we fee it in Bowles. Eugh 
is a Strong and Tough trood, as we fee it in BoWes. Of the fecond Sort is 
Jumper, whkhisafvood Odorate, and makethahot Fire. Bayer is like- 
wife a Hot and Aromaticall Wood; And fo is Rofe-Mary fox a shrub. As 
for the Xfli#«, their Dcnfityappearcth, in that, either they are Smooth 


QentU'^y V 1. 

and Shining, as in E.iyei^ Holly, E6x, Sec. Or in that they are Hard and 
Spiry, as in the rcit. And Tryaii would be made oi Gr.iftin^ of Rofi- 
Mury, and Bdyes, and ^Px,vpon a Holly-S^toch^ Becaufc ihcy are pLwts 
that come* all unntcr. It \Vcrc good ca trie it alio with Cnifts of other 
'Trt:es^i:\t\\Q\ Fruit t rets, ox mlde Trees -^ toiec- whether they will not 
ytcld their Fruity or bearc their Z, w«fj-,later^and longer in ihefmrer j 
becaufc the S.ip of the Holly putteth forth molt in the yyintcr. It may be 
alio a Miz,crien-Trif, grafted vpon iHolly, will proiiebothanEarlicr, 
and a Greater /rfp. 

There be fb'nc/'if7/2f/j that bearc no f/ojTfrj^ and yet bearc Fruit: 
There Dc Ibmc, that bearc Flowers, and no Fruit . There be fome that 
beare neither /-'/(nrcrf, nor fr«>>. Moll of the great T/w^cr-TrfT/, (as 
OaleryBeechis,^c.)o<:iiTc no apparent f/oTTfrj. Some t\:w( likewifc^ of 
the Frui't-Tras^As Aiuf If erry,>*a!l-nur, Sec. And fonie Shrubs, (as luni- 
/^T, f/o/(y,&rc.)bcarC no Flowers, Diuers Herl/s ally beare ^«^jr,(which 
IS as the Fntit, ) and yet b«.are no Flowers : As P urjijne, SicThoie that 
beare Flowers and no Fruit, arc tew j As the JDouhle Cherry, the Sallow, 
&c. But for the Cherry ^vth doiibtfiilI,whcthcr it be not by Art,or Cul- 
ture ■, For it ic be by Ave, then Triall would be made, whether u4ppks, 
ariil other Truh's P. loj] owes, may not be doubled. There are forae Few 
that beare neither f;-.w, not flower j As the Elme, the Poplars, Sox 
Ef.ihs-, &c. 

There be fonie pliuts, that llioot ftill vpwards, and can Support 
thcmfekies; As thegreatell Part of Trtf/and ^W/ : there bee lome 
Other, that Crtrpf along the 6>oW; Or J^/We about ot\\cx Trees, or 
Props, and cannot fupporc thcmfelucS; As f^ines,! uy, Briar, Briony,fvood- 
bints. Hops cliffi.itis,CamemiU, Sec. The Caufe is, (as hath beene partly 
touched,) for that all Plants (naturally )raouc vpwards j' But ifthe Sap 
put vp too faft , it maketh a flender Strike, which will not fupport the 
weight : And therefore thcfe latter Soft arc all Swift and Halty Com- 

THc firft and moft Ordinary Helpe is StercTatiou. The sheepS'Dum 
is oneofthebeft; And next,ther>««j5 of iT/w: And thirdly ,thatot 
Horfes : Which is held to be fomewhat too hot, vnleflc it be mingled. 
Thatofp/^fo/zi for a Garden, or a fmall Quantity of Ground,excel- 
Icth.The Orderinfr^of Dungis;UtheGrouffdbe u4raUe, tofpread it im- 
m 'diatly before t "he plowing and i"ojr/«^ -, And lo to Plow it in ; For if 
yoii fpreacl it loui; before,thc Sumie wj'll draw out much of rhe Fatneffe 
of the D«'2(r ; It the Ground be Grazing Ground, to fpread it fomewhat 
late^ towards /;/«; frjthat the Sunue may haue the leflc Power todrie it 
vp. As for Ipeciall Compojls for Gardens, (as a tiet Bed,Scc.)Wtc haue 
handled them before. 

The S econd Kind oi'CompoJl,is ,t\icSpreading of diuers JT/Wi oi Earths 
As Marle;Ch4ke.,Sea-Sand,Earth\^on Earth, Pond-Earth- And the Mix- 
tures oixhQnx.M-irle is thought to be the bcftj As hauing moftFatnelfe- 

) ■_ ; ^^^ 





in Conlbi t 
Manner of 
Ccmptfit, and 

59 5 

59 tf 





^h(aturall HiHor) : 

^•nd not Heating the Groft»d too much. The next StA'Sund^ V\ hich 
(nodaibt)obtaineth a fpeciali Vertue, by the ^^4// ; V-oxS.iU is the firlt i 
Rudiment of hfe. Chalke ouer-heareth the Grtmnd a little. And there- j 
fore is beft vpon GoldcUj- Grinds ^ or Mtifi Grounds : But I heard a great ' 
Hitsbafidhy^ that it was a common Errour to think that rWit^ heipeih j 
Arable Grounds^ but helpeth not Grax>ing Grounds j Whereas (indeed) it I 
hclpeth CJr^^e, asweIlasC*jfj»r; But that which breedeththe Errour is, • 
becaufe after the Chalking of the Ground^ they weare it out with many 1 
Crops^ without Rert ; And then (indeed) afterward it willbeare lictJe | 
Gra^'eyhtcAui^xhcGroundis tired out. It were good to trie the laving of 
Chalke vpon Arable Grounds ^ a little while before PUvfing-^ And to 
pUw it in, as they doe the Duag\ But then it muil be Friable firft, by 
Raine, or Lying : As for EArth^ it Cemfaffeth it Sclfe j For I knew a Greatl 
Garden, that had a Field (in a jnanner) powred vpon it j and it did beare 
Fruit excellently the firll yeare of the Planting : For the Surface of the 
E.irth iscuerthe FruitfuUeft. And fi4rfibfo pre pared hatha double S»r- 
face. But it is true, as I conceiue, that fuch Earth, as hath Salt Petrc^ 
bred in it, if you can procure it without too much charge, doth excell. 
The way tohaften the Breeding of Salt-Petrey is to forbid the Sunne, and 
the Growth o^ Vegetables. And therefore if you make a large Houell, 
thatchedj ouer fome Quantity of Ground j Nay if you doe but Planckc 
the Ground ouer, it will breed 5<f/it-P«/f. As for Pend Earthy or Riuer 
Earth, it is a very good Compafi ; Efpecially if the /-"Whaue beerc long 
vnclcanlcd, and fo the I'Vatcr bee not too Hungry : And I Judge it wiU 
be yctbettcr, if there be fome Mixture of chalke. 

The Third Helpeoi Greund, is, by fome other Sub/lances^ that hauca 
Vertue to make Ground Fertile , though they bee not mccrely Earth • 
wherein A[hes Excell ; In fo much as the Countries about «^fj94, and 
Vefuuiuij hauea kindeof Amends made them, for theMifchicfethe E- 
Iruptions (many times) doc, by the exceeding Fr»7/t/«/»<r/e of the i'tf//^, 
'caufcdby ihtAfbes^ Icattercd about. Soot alfo, though thin fprcd, iaa 
Field, ox Garden, is tried to bee a very ^ood Compoft* For sM, it istocr 
Coftly: But it is tried, ihatm'mghd with Seed-Corue^ and fowen tc^e- 
ther, it doth good : And I am of Opinion, that ChaUe in Powder, ming 
led with sced'Corne, would doe good; Perhaps as much as C^4/^w<f the 
Ground all ouer. As for the Steefiug of the Seeds, in feuerall Afixturei 
with Water, to giue them Vigour ; Or tvatriug Grounds with Compofi h's- 
ter J We hauefpoken of them before. 

The Fourth ^^/^* o^ Ground, is, the suffering o^ Vegetables to die into 
the Ground ^ And fo to Fatten it ; As the Stubble oi'Corne, Efpecially Peafe 
Brakes caft vpon the Ground, in the Beginning of Wfwf^r, w ill make it ve- 
ry Fruitfull. It were good (alfo) to try, whether Leaues of Trees fwepi 
together with fome Ci&(7/ibtf and !>*«? mixed, to giue them more Heart, 
would not make a good Compojl : For there is nothing loft, fo much as 
Leaueso^ Trees '^ And as they lye fcattcred, and without Mixture^, they 
rather make the GroundCoinc, than otherwife. 


[ Century, V 1. 

The VikhHelpe of Ground^ is //f jf and fr.irmth. It hath becne .-'.nci- 
cntly praiftifcd toburne Heath y3.nd Lin^, and Std^e^w'nh the vantage of 
the Pi'7«£^, vpon the GroitnJ. : We fce,that ^jrffnh oi'fvjls and Emlopires 
mendethGroW .' We fee alfo that Z,j/«^ oj)f« to the 5(?«f/.', men Jet h 
Giowd.-yVc fee againe,that the Foldings ot i'/^c-ty^t heipe Ground^as well 
by thcirff./rwf/', as by their Compoft : And it may be doubted^ whether 
the Cetierin^^ of the Ground with BraHes, in the Beginning of rhc/r/«?d7-, 
(whereof we fpakc in the laft Experiment^) helpeth it nor, by reafon of 
the n'M-mth. Hay fonie very good Htisbands doe fufpeftjthat the Gatbe' 
ri!ig\^oi Flints^ m Flinty Ground, and laying them on //f//>f.f, (which 
is miichvfed,) xsViQ^ood Hwbdndry j For that they would kcepc the 
Ground Warnie. 

The Sixth Helpe o^Groundis^by tratcrin^, and /wV.?t/<'«jWhich is in 
two Manners : The one by Letting in,and Shntting out fi'.iters, at feafo- 
nable Times: For «vtt"r at (ome Scafons, andwiihtoo long (fay, doih 
good , But at fome other ScalbnSjand with rcalbnablc Scay,doth hurt. 
And this fcrUi th only for Mc.idonrr, which are along fome Riuer. The 
otherway is, ro bring^r^^•r from fome Hanging Grounds, where there 
are Springs, into the Lower Gro-tnds, carrying it in fome long Furroms ■ 
And fioin thofe Furyotvcs, drawing it trauerfe to fprcad the «< vr.-r. And 
this maketh an excellent Imp rouement, both for Come and Jrafje. It is 
the richer, if thole Hanging Grounds be fruitfull, becau(e it waiheth off 
fome of the Farncfle of the Earth : But howfoeuer it profiteth much. 
Generally, where there arc great Ouerflowes, in Fens, or the like, the 
drowning of them in the /m«r, makcth the 5«?w«?cr following more 
fruitfull : The Caufc may be, for that it keepeth the G"n?«^<:/ vanncjand 
nourilTieth it : But the Fen-Men]\o\d, that the SeTvers muft b<. kept ro,as 
the li^ater ma.y not flay too long in the 5^m;^,till the treeds and Sed^e be 
growne vp • For then the (7r<»«W willbe likea Wood, which kee- 
peth out the Sunnc • And fo continueth the Wet; Whereby 
it will neuer graze (to purpofc) that yeare. Thus much 
for /m^.;t/tf«.But for ^uoidances,3l\dDraynings ef 
wateVjWhere there is too much,afid the Helps 
o^ Ground in that kinde,we fhall fpeake 
of them in another 


N AT V- 



VI i. Century. 

He Di^erencesbetvrecnc Anifnatexnd Inani- 
m.ite BodieSjWC (hall handle fully vndcr the 
7r>/f of Lj/f,aod LiuingSfirits^ and Powers. 
We fhall therefore make but ?. bricfe Men- 
tion of them in this Place. The Maioc Dif- 
ferences are two. All BoMts haue Spirits, 
and PneumaticallPartsyfkhin. ihem:But the 

y- Maine Differences betweene Anishate and 
laammJtey arc two : The firfl is, that the 
Spirits oi" Things Animate, are all Continued 
with thcmfcIiK's, and arc Brunchedinreinti ^ind iccrczCanaUs, as Sleud 
is : And in Lining Creatures ^Khc Spiritihiv\c not only BrdnchesPut cer- 
tainc: Cells or Se.n (. wh;-re tht' Principill Spirits doc rcfide » and where- 
unro tht* re I] docrdbrt . But ilu- 5pfnVi nuhings Injnim.ite att (huiin, 
and cur ofTby rhe T.iH/ibk P-irts-^ And are not pcrciious ortt toainorhcr • 
As yf/r;is in Sioir. TIk- Second Maine Difference is, that the Spirits oi 
Anittute Bodies^ arc .iH in Ionic degree, (more or lc(Ic,)kind!eaand in- 
flimcd; A'hI Imik' a fine COmmikture ot rhme^t^d an Ahi^iUSuhJlance. 
\ }^\.M Injnimni- liodic( hdiu- their i-^/rif^ no whit /«/?jwf<!/, or kindled. 
• And this cnnlilK'th ho'r in the HeiitoT Coolenejfeof Spirits-^ 
Vor Cle as .nid orhcr.«^^'/V<.<, N 'phih.i and Pttrbleum^ haue exceeding 
Hot 5r);V/rf, (hotter a great dcalc thaii Oyle^Wax^ or T<j//(?H',&c.)but not 
Injiinied. And wjicnany ofihofc VVeakc and Temperate Bodies come 


Expert memi 
in Conlai c 
toiuhingthe- i 

tYicwt Flout t 
aad iHtMimtu 






( do5 


^aturalJ Hijiorji 

, I 

to be Inflamed J then they gather a much grcviter Heat, than others hauei 
rn-irjfiimed ^ befidcs their Z. ig ht, and Mottoa^ Sec. \ 

The DiJ^erencef, which arc Se<»nd*py^ and proceed from thcfc t\vo 
RAdi^aUD^eremes^ arcj Firft, PiamsatcallFigaraieandDetfrminatc^^ 
whida J04ifmdi( Bodies arc not j For looke how f'arre the Spirit is abk 
to Spread and Contiauc it felfe j So farre gocth the ShAfe^ or Figures -^ 
h.ndt\\sni% determined. Secondly, //j»»idoenourifh; Inanimate Bodies 
doe not: Theyhaucan Accretion, but no Mimem*ti»n. Thirdly, Fltnis 
hiuc a Peritdof Lift-^ which Insnim/Ht Btdies hauc not. Fourthly, they 
hivicd Sutee^**n^ and />ri>^^4MM of their Kinde-^ which is not in Bodies 

The Differenees betweene PUntSt and Metdls or F#([>/«, befidcs thole 
fourc before mentioned, (For Metdtls I hold Inanimate,) arc thcfe : Firft, 
Metalbarc more Dnralrle than PUnts : Secondly, they arc more 5«//</ and 
ffurdt Thirdly, they arc wholly Snhterrday -^ Whereas Plants are part 
aboiie Earth, and part vnder Eartk 

There be very few Ci-MWrw, that participate of the Kattire of Plants^ 
and MttMs both ; CtraUis one of the Neareft of both Ktndet .■ Another 
is ritrioU, for that is apteft to fprout with Mtiflnre. 

Another fpeciall A^nityh bctwcenc Plants andCMoKldoi PntreftBi- 
«n: Forall?»«rf/43/M(if itdiflblueitnotin^r<r/l?ff/«») will in the end 
ifTue into Piants^ or Lining Creatnres bred QfP»trefaBi0n. I account Moffe^ 
And Mn/iremes , and Agaricktt and other of thofc kinds, tobebiit Monlds 
of the Grtnndt iValls, and 2>wj, and the like. As for F/f(S, and Fifi, and 
Plants thcmfekics, anda number of other things, after a Ji/**/<//ff^f, or 
^tf;w*«r^,orC#rr»^//«*,thcy will fall to breed IVermes. Thcfe Putrefa- 
ElifinSy which hane Affinity with Plants, hauethis Di/fJrr^ww from them j 
That they haue no Suceeptn or Pr0pagatitn^ though they A'tnripij and hauc 
a Peritdof Life, and haue likewifc fome Fignre. 

T left once, by chance, aCtf;v#cut, inaclofe Roome, fori three Sum- 
mer-Moneths,that I was abfent ; And at my Ret«rne,there werc^growne 
forthjOut of the Pith cut. Tufts o(Hairfs, an Inch long, with little blacke 
Heads, as if thcv would hauc becne fome /^tr^^ 

! Experiments 
in Confott, 
touching the 
Affinities, and 
ftoMti, and Li- 
\iid the Caaf. 
ntrund Parti. 

THe Affinities and Diff^erences betweene Plants and Li/ting Creatnres, 
are the fc that follow. They hauc both of them Spirits Continuedand 
Branched, and alio ly.fltmed .• But firft in Living Crenurcs , the Spirits 
hMca Cell or Seat^ which Planti haue not • As'was al(b for.Ticrly faid: 
And Iccondly, tht Spirits o{ Liuin*; CrMfurw hold more of Flame, than 
the Spirits o( Plants doe. Andthcfe twoarcthc RadicallDifferef;C/s, For 
the Sectndary Differences, they are as follow. Firft, Plants are all Fixed 
to the Earth j Whereas ail Lining Creatnres are feuered, and of thert^- 
feliies. Secondly, Lining Creatnres haue Lccall Metien', Plants bai}c not. 
Thirdly, Lining Creatnres nourifhfrom their f^?^^*" ^'"''^. by the Month 
chiefly . Plants nourirti from below, namely from the Rtats, Fourthly, 
Plants haue the'uSeed and Seminall Parts vppermoft j Lining Creatnris 
. halie 

Century, V i I. ' 

! haueihem low^r-moft : And therefore it vas laid, nor cIeo;antlv alone-, ; 
(but Piul()lop'nic.illv;//owt>f// PLmt^inHerfj j M.insUktJPLnt turned 
j c.j"/n'.//Yi.f;l-'or the Kvot in pLmts^is as the //f^rd! in Lining Cre.inaes.l^itih- 
y, l.iuinvCrv.Hitrcs hauea more exad figvrf than plants. Sixthly, /,/. 
' ui/Jil^Crcit lits haue moreD/«er/»tyof Orj^/?«j within tlicir £ojiierymd(is 
: it Iniwud figures^ than i'/<;«f/ haue. SeucnrhlyjL/w/wfr Cratures 
\\\M\c Sihli.^ which PLnts haue nor. Eighthly, Liuing CreMureshaiic 
I rolunt^ny J/<?f/o«,\vhich /»/:/«/ haue not. 

i ^•oxih<^' Difference oi Sexes in P lints, they are oftentimes byname 
) tiiilinguillud , As Malc-PionyyFemdePiony-^,Fi>fide- 
\ Kofi-M.r,y J lie-Helly^She-Holly • &c- but Gcncratwiby CopuCition (cer- 
tainly) extendech not to /'/j«jj; The nccrcll approach ofit, is betvvecnc 
ilw Hce-Palfne, and the 5/7fe-i'.//w<? • which, (as they report,) if they 
grow neere, incline the One CO the other : In tb much as, (that which 
is more Itrangt ) they doubt not to report, that to kcejK-thc Trees vp- 
right tVom BenJing,they tie Rofes or Lines, from the one to the other, 
that the Co'it.iH might be enioyed by the ContjB of a Middle Body. But 
this m.iy be t-'aigned, ur at lea(\ Amplified. Neiicrtlieicflc, I am apt 
enough to ihinke, that this ramejP//jjn«w of a Stronger and a Weaker 
like vnro M ijaiHnc and Feminine, doth hold in all Liuing Bodies. It is 
confonikiod Ibmctimes •, As in ("omc Creatures oi' PatrifuRion.whcrcin 
no M'rLs of niJliiitlioH appearc : And it is doubled lometimes • Asin 
Her/njpbrodita : But generally therois a Degree of Strength in mofl 

The F.nticipks or Conjiners betwcenc pbnts and Liuing Cieitures, are 
fuch cliierty, as are Fixed, and haue no LocuU Motitn of i??wo//c,though 
tliey haue a Motion in their Parts-^ Such as are Oyjiers, Cockles, and (iich 
like. There is a Fabulous Narration, that in the Nonhcme Countries, 
there ihould be an Herbe that groweth in the likencfle of a LiWibe, and 
fecdcth vpon the Gr^ijfe, in (uch fort, as it will bare the Grjjfe round 
about. But I fiippofe that the Figure makcth the fMc ; For (o we fce^ 
there be Bee Plovers, Sec. And as for the Gr.iJJi:, it fecmcth the Pl^^nt^ 
hauingagreat5t.7//f and Top, doth prey vpon the CrwjT^, a good way 
about, by drawing the Injcc of the Earth from it. 




I romifiMia 

THc /;?-i/.7«F,Vboweth his ^oorxdownc fo low,in one yearCjas ofit 
felfe it takcch Root againc : And fo multiplieth from Root to Root ; 
Making of one Tree a k inde of IVood. The Cjufe is the Plenty of the .T.?/?, i 'Plants 
and the SofficlJc of the stjllce, which niakcih the Beugh, being ouet- ^10 
loadcn, and not ftiffeiyvphcld, weigh downc. It hath Le.iues,as broad 
as a little T^rygct, Sut the Fruit no bigger than Be^nes. The Caufei^, for 
that the continua'f Shade increafcth the Le.iucs, and abareth the Fruit , 
which ncuerthelelTe is of pleafant Tafte. And that (nodoubt) is cau- 
Ccd, by rhc Sjipplawjft and Gentleneffl of the luycc of that P/.i«/,being 
thar which maketh the Boughcs alio lb Flexible. ; 

It is reported by one of the Ancients^ that there is a ccrtainc Inditn ■ 











JSQaturall HiliGrj: 


TjYf, hailing few, but very great, Leaues^ thri.'c Cubirs long, and two 
broad j And that the Fruit-, being ot good Taik^, growcth out ot the 1 
liarlic. It may be,ihcre be p/jat/,thac powrc out the s>i^ lo la(t, as they 
haue no leafurc,either todiuidc into many LeaucSjOx 10 put ioxthStMs 
to the Fruit. With \SyTrees (generally) haue Imall Lc^ites,in coaipari- 
fon. The F/g hath the greateft ^ And next is the rine^MuWerry^ and Sy- 
camore-^ And theLealt,arethoreofthe^/7Wj Birch ^andl her ne. But 
there be found //<-r^/ with farre greater Leaues th^Lmny Trte •, As the 
Burrty Gourdy Cucumber ^Aud Cole-wort. The Caufe is j(like to that of the 
Jfidi*i/i Fig^) the hafty and plentiful! Putting forth ot th^' Sjp. 

There be three things mw^c iox Sweetnejjc j 5«g.vr, Homy^ Manm. 
YorSugJry tothe^wKwritwasfcarceknowne, and little vied. Itis 
found in Canes : ^^r^jWhethcr to the firft Knuckle, ox further vp ? And 
whethet the very Bark of the Cane it felfe do yceld Sugar or no?For Hih 
wc^jthc Beemiktth. it, or gathereth it •, But I haue heard from onc,ttui 
was induftrious in Husbandry, that the labour of the Bee is about the 
tvax : And that he hath knowne in the beginning of May^Heney Combs 
cmpty;3f//<?«(;? i And within a forthnight, when the Sweet Devpes fall, 
filled likea Cf//iir.It is reported alfo by forac of the Ancients xhzt therie 
is a Tree called Occbusyiti the Valleyes of //^rr^^/j/hatdiltillcth Hoaej 
in the Mornings. It is not vnlike, that the Sap and Teares of ("ome Trees, 
may be fwect. It may be alfo, that lome fwcet Iuyces,fit for many vies, 
may be concoded out oi Fruits , to the Thickneflc of Honiy-^ or perhaps 
of 5«gjy;The likelieft are R ai^ns of the Sunne, F/g.f, and Corrans : Ttic i 
Meanes may be enquired. » 

The Ancients report of a Tree^y thcPerfian 5f 4,vpon the Shre-SandSf > 
which is riourifhed with the sdt-Water j And when the 7 idc cbbcch, 
you (hall fee the Affflfj, as it were b^re without S^r/*?, (being as it fee- ! 
raeth corroded by the Salt^) and grafping the Sands like a O*./^, Which | 
neucrthelefle beareth a Fruit. It were good to try fome Hard Trees ^as a I 
Y^^ruice-Tree^ox Ftr-Tree^y fetting them within the Sands. ♦ 

ri^Thcre be of F//j«tJ, which they \{c£ox Garments, ihefe that follow. ^ 
Hempe , Flax j Cotton; Nettles ^ (whereof they make Nctth-cloth-^)Seri- \ 
cumywhichis A GrowingSilke ; Thty make alfoC^i/f/of thefi^/r^vofi 
Ltme-Trees. It is the 5?^?//'^ that maketh the Filaceous Matter common- • 
iy J And fometimes the Downe that groweth abouc. | 

They haue in fome Countries a Plant o£ a Rojie Colour, which t'hur-l 
teth in the jV;V^t,Openeth in the ^or»/«^,and Opcneth wide niNsoHt-^ \ 
which the Inhabitants of thofe Countries fay is a Plant that Slecpeth. \ 
There be sleepersQV\ow then j For almoft all Flowers doe the like, | 
Some i>/^«r/ there are, but rare, that haue a Moffy ox Daitny Root A 
And likcwife that haue a number of Tifcrf <;//,like Beards-, As Mandrah-s-^ j 
w hereof fr/>f^fx and Imptfiours piakean vgly/w^^t, gluing it the Forme 
of a Face at the Top of the Root, and Icaue thofe Strings to make abroad 
i/MridownetotheFoot. Alfo there is a Kinde oi Nardil Greet, i^c- 


ing a Kinde of /»/;») that hath a A wt hairy, \iVe a Roiigh-FoQted-D«ues 

foor. ' 


Qcntttrj Vll. 


foar. Soasyoumay IcCi chtrc ^x<^oi Roots ^BhWsih Roots ^ fib. ous Roots i 
and Htr/iite Roots. And I take it in the Bulbous, the Sap hadnech moit 
to the Aire, and Sunnc : In the Pibrom^ the Sap dclightcth more in the 
Earth, and therefore putteth downward : And the Hirfateh a Middle 
bctwecne both j That befides the Putting forth vpwards,, and down- 
wards, putteth forth in Round. 

There are fome Tfi^rf J of 7>ef /, which are kembed from the Bf 4rir of 
Goats I For when r^e Goats bite and crop them, efpecially in the Mor- 
nings, rhc Dew being on, the Teare commeth forth, and hangcth vpon 
their Bctirds : Of this Sort is fbme kindc o^Ladanutn^. 

The hr'i^ationoi the PUmc-Treehy Wine, is reporced by the Aiicients^ 
tom;ikoit Fruitfiill. Jt would be tried likewifc with Roots -^ For vpon 
iVi'^nt worketh nogrcat EifcAs. 

The way ro cjrrv Ponaine Roots , a long Way, is to ve(Tell them clofe 
\n Earthen rejjels. lint it ihc rc/felt bee not very Great, you mult make 
Ibnic Holes in the Botronie, to giuc fome refrelliment to the Jioots^ 
Which othenvile (as it Icemeth) will decay, and fuffocate. 

The ancient Cinttimoa, was, of all other Plants^ while it grew, the 
Dryclt^ And thofe Things, which are knownc to comfort other PUitts^ 
did make that more Sterill: Yoxin shoxvcrs it profpercd worll : It grew 
alfo amorij^ll Bu(l}ts of other kindcs, where commonly Plants doe not 
thrinc : Neithcrdid it louc the Sunne : There might be one C^m/eoi all 
iholi.- Etfcfts ; Naiiiely, the fparing Nourillimcnt, which that Plant re- 
quired. Qudre how farrc Cafia, which is now the Subititute of CtJioa- 
mo», (lath participate of thcfc Things. 

It is one of rhc vf «c«»//, that Capa, when it is gathered, 
isputintothc Skins o^Beik(ls, newly flcycdj And that the Skin> Corrup-' 
ting, and Breeding pr*rwf/, the f^#/»i»<J doc deuoure i\ic Pith and Mar- 
row of it, and fo make it Hollow ^ But meddle not with the Barke, becaulc 
to them it is bitter. 

There were, in Ancient Time, Tw/, of farre greater £*J2>/, than v«p 
know any ^ Fot there haue beenc Cups made of thtm, and a.\\Imagi^ 
lupitef. But it is like they were >WWcF/««; Fortherww, that they vfc 
for Pr/»^, are fo often Cut, and fo much Digged and Drefled, that their 
.fi/; fpcndeth into the Grapes^ andfb the Stalkecanwoi incteafe much in 
r>ulkc. The Wood of f^'mes is very durable, without Rotting. And that 
which is ihangc, thnighnoTVw hath the Tir/gr, while they are grecnc, 
(obrirtle, vet the 'fW dried is extreme Tough j Andwasvfed by the 
dptatnrs of Armies, aniongft the Romans , for their Cudgels. 

It is reported, that in fome Places, Vines are fullered to grow like 
Ikfbs., fpreading vpon the Ground y And that the Grj/'w of thofe Vines 
are very great. It were good to make triall, whether Plants that vfc to 
be borne vp by Props, will not put forth greater LeaueSy and greater 
Pruits^ if they be laid along the Ground ; As Hops^ luy^ Wfod bine, &:c. 

Qaintes^ or ^pp^fs. Sec. if you will kcepc them long, drownc tliem 
in IJonei But becaufe ^</»7' (perhaps) will giue them a Taftc Oucr- 

O 2 luHiious, 







» « 


J\(atura!i h'ijwry: 








u. .. 

lufhious, it were good to make TriallinPcWfrof 5*Mr. Or in Syrrup 
oimne^ onelyBoyled to Height. Both thefe would hkewifc be tried in 
Oretf^es, Limons^ and Pcmgra/iats j For the Powder of Sugar^ and S^rrup 
of mne^ will feme for more times than once. 

The Ctttferuition of Fruit would be alfo tried in Ve(fels^ filled with fine 
Stndy or With P aw der of Chalke-^ Or in MaUnn(\Fl0weri Or in Dufioi 
Oake-rvted j Or in Mill. 

SuchFmrj, as you appoint ioi Long Keej^htg^ you mil ft gather before 
they be full Ri^e-^ And ma F aire and Dry Day, towards Noom-^ And 
when xhemod blowethnot South -^ And when the Moonei% vndcr the 
Earth ; And in Decretfe. 

Take Grrf^f J, and hang them in an fwpyr^^//, well Stopped j And 
fct the VejJhLl^ not in a Cellar^ but in fome dry pUce 5 And it is faid, chcy 
willlaft long. But it is reported by fome, they will keepe better, in a 
VeJfeUhzVtt fiill offViue, fo that the Grapes touch not tiie mne. 

It is reported, that the Preferuing of the Stike^ bclpeth to preferue 
the Grape 5 Efpecially if the Stalkeht put into the Pith di Elder, the Elder 
not touching the Fr»//. 

It is reported by fome of the -4«w«»f /, that Fruit put in Bottles^ and 
the Bottles let downe inxopvells vnder Water, will kccpc long. 

Of ^^/-^j and plants, fome are good to eat Raw; As Lettuce^ Endiuc, 
Purjlane, Tarragon, CrejJes,Cucumbers, Musk-Mdons^ Radd!/b,&cc. Others 
oncly after they arc Boyled, or haue Pa£id the Fire, As Parjley, cUrj, 
SagCf Parfnips, Turnips, ^[paragus, Artichoakes, (though rhcy alfo being 
young are eaten Raip : ) But a Number of Herls^ are not Efcttle»t at all -, 
As fvorme-fVwd, Grajfe,GreeHe-Corue, Center)/ ^ Hyjfope^ Lduendi'r,P,dme, 
&CC. The Cau/es arc, for that the Herht, that are not E/culent, doe want the 
two Tafies, in which Nouri^ent rtfieth -^ Which are. Bat, and Smeti 
And haue (contrariwife) Bitter and Ouer-ftrong Taftes, or a luyce fo 
Crude, as cannot be ripened to the degree of Nourifhment. Herbs and 
Plants^ that Are Efculent Raw, haue Fatnejfe, or Sweetnejje, (asallEfcu- 
lent Fr«/V/;) Such arc OBWwf, Lettuce^ &c. But then it mull bee fucha 
F at neJI'e, ((ox as {or Sweet Things, they are inetfedl alwaics E/culeot) as 
is not Oucr-groffe, and Loading of the Stomach , For Pparfnips and Leeks 
haiic FatneJJe i But it istooGroffeand Heauy without B<!»^//«?. It nwft 
bealfoinaSubftance fomewhat Tender ; Yorwckc Wheat ^ Barley^ jir- 
tichoakes, are no good Naurilhment, till they haue Paficd the Five-^ But 
theF^r? doth ripen, andmaketh them foft and tender, and fo they be- 
come Efculent. As for Raii[h and Tarraoon, and the like, they are for 
Co»dimentts, and not for Nourifhment. And eucn fome of thofc fierh, 
which a.rt not E/culenf, arenotwithftanding Poculent-, As Hops, Broeme, ' 
&c. Qutre what Merbs arc good for Drinke, befidcs the two aforena- j 
med 5 For that it may (perhaps) eafe the Charge o( Brewing, if thev [ 
make 5^frc to require iefle-fl/4/f, or make it laft longer. | 

Parts Rt for the 2Vouri/6n)ento£ Man, in Plants, arc Seeds, Roots ^ and I 
Pruits i But chiefly Seeds ^ and Roots. For Lettues, they giue no Nourtfi. \ 


Centuyj* V 1 J. 


menr^At ail, or vtry littie: No more doe Florctrs^ox Blojjomei^ox Stalkcs. 
The Kcalbn is, tor that Roots^ and i'e:Y//,and Fruits^ ( mas much as all 
F/.-'wr/confilt of an Oily and H'atry Subjhnce commixed,) haiie more of 
the- Oily Suhjhnce-^ And Lcuues^FloiverSy &c. of the ivutry. Atidiccond- 
ly,, they are more Concoacd-^ For the Root, which cont Jnucrh cficr in the 
Ecinhjis iljll Concotledby the Earth'^Und Fniits,and Graines, ( wee Ice) 
are lialfe a yeerc, or more, in ConcoBing^ Whereas Leaues arc out, and 
Pcrfed in aMonerh. 

PLint.f(torthe moll part ) arc more ftrong, both'in T".?/??, and Smelly 
in the .S'ci'rf, th .in in the Lcjfcy and Roet^ The Caufe is, for that in pLwts, 
rharau notof a Fierce and Ea2,cr Spirit, the VtrtueisincrcJlcdby 
CoxmiloityCLndM'iturMion^whk'h is ciicr moft in the Secd-^But in P Lints, 
tliatareofa Ficrce.'.ndEagerSpirit. they are Ilrongcr whikil ^cSpi- 
wisencloftd in ihe /Joot- And the 5/m/fj-doe but Weaken and dilTipate, 
when t'icy come ro the .■lircymdS/i>iue-, As we lee it 'uV)iuonffi.irlick, 
Dr.igo)!, ike. Nay there be Plms, that haue their Rots, v»ry Hot^ and 
.^/:o/7A7t/V.///;Andtheir J(>f<!//,rather./«/»^/(^cj As Ginger. The Caufe is 
(as was touched bctore, ) for th,at.the Hen of thole flantf is very Difu- 
pable ; whicli vnder the £.7n/.) is contained and held in ^ But when it 

Thc'/ffj'a'/of f/vm/ are either Pf'/rry, or Oily, I reckon amongft 
the li-.nry^ all the Fruits out ofwhich Drinke isexpa-lled^ Asihe Cr.tpe^ 
the ^ppli',thc Pc.iyCjthc C^fr;j,the Pewgrj>i.ite,Scc. And tlicrc arc ibmc 
others, which^rhough they be not in vie forDr/«/-f ,yec they appeare to 
be of the fame N.ifurc-^ AsPltttpmcSy SerMces,M-Mi-i'nes,Riifps, Orenots, 
Lin!ons,S>ic. Arid for thofc ///j^r^'/, that arc fo fieihy, as they cannot 
make Drinke by ExpreiBon,- yet ( perhaps ) they may make lyrinke by 
Mixture of w?tfr; 

Pofid-jq'^ udmijlis wiit.imur vitea Sorbif. 
And it may bee Heps and Brier Berries would doe the like, Thofe that 
haiic Oily Juyre,arc-^Oliucs^ Almonds, Nutso^a\\(oxis,P me Apples, Sec. 
Andtheir /;y)fM are all ///j^,/;«/«w^/f: And you mull obferue alio, that 
fome ohhcif'.itry Itfyces,ai\ct they haue gathered Spirit,will Burnc and 
EnHame-. As rr/«f.The# is a Third Kind of f r»/f ,thatis rwect,wiih- 
out cither sh.jrpiwjjc or Orhne^c : Such as is the f /(r,and the D.n£. 

. Ir hathbcciic noted, that moft Trees, :iv\d fpecially thofe thatbeare 
/!/<//?, arc fruitrui! but ohce in two yecrcs-Tlie C^ufe ( no doubt )is, the 
Fspcfjccot's.ip-^ For many Orckird-Trees, well Cuiturcd, will bearc di- 
ners veers together. 

The/e is no TnT,which befides the N.itrtrJl Fruit, doth bearc fo ma 
ny /!)Jl ird-Fr::its, as the O.ikc doih : For belides the Amrnf, it bcarwh 
G.iUs p.ikc- Apple s,xx\d certaineOj/'e-A^//f j,which arelnflammablc. And I- 
certaineO.?/(v-/?C)T/V.f, Clicking clofe to the /.'oiy of the Tm-, without! 
S^■///<■.Itbea^efhal(oM/^t'/rot', though rarely. The Ci/z/Z'-ofall thele 
maybe, the chfehcjjeand Solidnejjeotzhe lyooi, and pitboU\\G j 
Which mikcth fcuerall /uvces finde feucrall Eruptions. And therefore, 

O :; if 










ifyouu'il! Aml^Q to make any Su^er-pUnts^ you miiftcrer gkiah^Sap 
PIc-nritiiHRifing, and hard IfTiie. 

There arc two Excrefcences. which gruw vpon Treas • Both ot them 
in the Nature oi -MufhreTnes : The one the Remans called Boh tut j Which 
growcth vpon the Hetts oiOskes^ and was one of" the Dainties of their 
r4^/i? ■ The other is yJ/(riwwtf, that is called -r^g^rVif;^, (whereof we haue 
fpokcn before) which groweth vpon the Tops, of Oakesy Though it be 
affirmed by fome 3 that it groweth alfo at the .^m^j. I doe ccnceiiic, that 
minw Excrefcences o{ Trees grow chiefly, where the Tree is dead, or fa- 
ded', For that the J\r<i;«r<i//54p of the Tree^ comiptcth into fome Preter- 

The greater part of TVfwbcare Mefi^ and 5^/?, (Xiihs Lower Beughes ; 
As Jf j-j f/^j, frail Nuts ^ Peares^Sic. But fome beafe 5<r/? on the Top- 
Boughes^ hs Crabs ySic. Thofe that bearebeft below, are hich, as Shade 
doth more good to, than Hurt. For generally all Fruits bearcbeft low- 
eft; Becaiiftthe54/»tireth not, haiiitigbutal'hortW'ay.-And therefore 
in Fruits fp red vpon .fF<i//jj the Lowett arctheGrearelt, as was formerly 
faid; So it is the Sbjde that hindereththe Lo^er Boaghes ', Except it be 
in fiich Trees, as delight in shade ; Or at leaft beare it vyel! . And therefore, 
they are either Strong Trees, as the Oiike j Or tlfe they haiie large Leauer, 
as the fvallttHtandFig', Or elfethcy grow in Pj/ramu, as the Feare. But 
if they require very much 5«»»f, they beare beft on the Top.^ As it is in 
Crabs, j/plei, plums, ^c. s 

There be Trees thatbeare beft when they begin t^jbee pld-^ As Al- 
mouds, Peares, r/»?J?andaIl Trtfwthatgiue M.ifi. The Caufeisjox thatail 
rrc« that beare Mafi haue an Ojly Frmt -, And Toung Trees hauc a more 
Watrjiujie, and leflc Concoded ; And ofthefaraekindealfois xhcAl- 
mtttd. The Peare likewifc, though it be wiOyly, yet it rcquireth mueh 
Sap,znd well Concoflcdj For wefce itisa Heauy Fruit, and Solid; 
Much more than -<f/'//f/,P/«ww«j 8Jc. As for the rine, it is noted, that 
;t beareth more Grapes when it is Tpttng-^ But Grapes that niJlke better ) 
wine, whenit is Old; For that the lojce is be'tter Concocted : And wee i 
fee that Wine is Inflammable ■ So as it hath a kinde oiOjUneffe. But the j 
I moft Part oi Trees, amongik. which ate JpplesyPlammes, &c. beare beft \ 
when they are r*«»g. *■ ' I 

Thexf^bc Plants, that haue a ^//tif inthcm, whcntheyareCiit ; As| 
Figs J Old Lettuce, S eve -Thi ft Its, Spurge, Sid Jhc Caafe mdyh^anlncepti- ! 
ottof PutrefaEfiott ^ Forthofe Milkes hauc all an Acrimony^ though one! 
would thinke they fliould be Lenititte. For if you write vpon Paper, widi 
the Jrf;7ll:fofthe Fig^ the Letters will notbefeene, vntill you hold the 
P4pcr before the Fire, and then they wax Browne ; Which iliewcrh that I 
it isa Shafpe or Fretting J»jice : Lettuce is thought Poyibnous, when it 
isfoO/<:/, astohauc^///ifc<j Sp»rqe isa kinde of Poyfoninir Selfe; And 
zsioiSeW'Thiftles, though Coneyes eat them, yet Shcepe and Caitell 
will not touch them; And befides thp Milke of them, rubbed vpr.n 
Warts, in fhort time, weareth them away : Which iliciveth the Milke'^ 


Century, V i L 


! of rhem to be Coroy,;ic.\\'e fee alio, chat '^he.:t^ and other Cornefewcn^ 
iif you t.)kcth-m forth of the Gromd^ btfoRnhcy I'prout, we fiiJl of 
I Mi'l^i And the Beginning oiGerminathn is euer a Kitide of PHtrefacii- 
en of tlie Seed. Etfphorhiinn alfo hath a AJilke, though noc very white, 
which is ofdgreat Acrbnonj. And SaUdine\viih. a yeilow yi//7/'f, which 
hath hkcwiiemuch >4rn>/<;^jf j Foritcleanfeth thefya.Itis good alfo 
lor C'at^naUs. > 

Muflmfffcsarc reported to grow, as well vpon the ^ff^;>j of Zrff /, 
.IS vpon their Roots^ ox vpon the Ednh : And efpccially vpon the Oiih. 
The C/.'^yi' is, for that Strong Trees, are towards liich Excrefiemes, in 
the Nature oi Earth j And therefore Put forth Mop 3 M»jhromes, and 
the like: 

. There is hardly found a PZ-wf ,that yecldeth a Red fuyce ^in the Bhde 
or£,w- E>:c-pt icbethe Tree thatbcareth Sanguis Draconis : Which 
groweth ( cliiefly ) in the IjlindSoiirtotrn : The Herhe Afmranthus{m- 
deed,) isRcdaW ouer •, AndSA/^// is Red in the ivood: Andlois Red 
Sand.vs. IhaiTrce oUtbi: Suns^ais Drjconis, grovwtth in the forme of a 
Suvur-lo ■fc. It is like, that the Sjp of that Pbnty concodeih in the Body 
of the 7;Tr.For wee fee ihAZGr^pisarnlPomegraMts-^arc Red'm thcluyce 
but are G recuse fn th.e Te/ire : And this maketh the Tree of Sanguis Draco- 
«f>,le{rer tjward^ che Top, Becaufc the luy^e hafteneth not vp^ And be- 
iides it is very Ajlrin^icut.; And therefore of Slow Motion. 

It is reported, Siv'tet Mo//*', befidcs that vpon the Apple-Trees, 
grovvctb'iikr'vvirui( fon(ietinit^)vpon Poplars j Ai>dyct ( generally)the 
Poplar is a Smooth Tree of B./r/v,and'haih little Mojfe.ThcA/oJfe of the 
Larix Tmburneth alfo Sweet, and fparkleth in the Burning.^^rf of 
the MoJJh o^^Odorate Trees, As Cedar, Cypres, Lignum Aloes, &:c. 

The Dcathilut is mod without Paine, hath beene noted tobe,vpon 
the Taking of the rotion o^ Hemlock; which inhumanity was the Forme 
o^ Execution o'iCapitallOjfendcrs in Atlnns. The -Poy/iwof the^jf^f,that' 
Cleopatra vfed, hath (ome affinity with it.The Caufe is,for that the Tor- 
Ikents oi Death are chiefly raifed by the Strife of the^/;m/ ; And thefc 
Vapours quench the Spirits by Degrees, lAkc to theD^wr^ of an extreme 
Old Man.I conceiue it is a lelTcPainfull thanOp>«/«,becaufeOp/»;» harh 
Part* of //f.7t mixed. 

There be r/-{;f/,that are 5irtff before they be Ripe', As Mirabolanes- 

So Fcnn:tl-Sceds are Sweet before they ripen, and after gtow Spicic! 

Andlbmenener /!//)f>ztobe.yRYff 5 hsTa»::arinds, Berberries, Crabs, 

Siccs, See. The ca-/f. is , for that the former Kinde haue much and fub- 

till //f..T,which ciufeth Early S weetncfle • The latter haue a Cold And 

Acldn layce, which no Heat of the Sitwie can^vvceten.Butas for the Mi- 

ral'oLvw, it hath Parts of Contrary Nutnres 5 For it is siceet, and ytt 


{ There be few Herbs that haue a Sale Tajle j And c'ontrari wife all 

i Bloud oi Lining Creatures hath a Saltnejjc : The Caufe may be, for that 

I Salt, chough it be the RudimeKt df L/fe,yec ia Plams the Originall Tajle 

1 . remaineth 











^acurall Hi/ioo< 


rcraaincth noc-jFor you rhallhauethcm iVmer^Sowre^Srseet^ Bitiffg, bup' 
feldome Sahi^az in Liuing Creatures^ all thole High Jajies may huppeh 
tobe(rometimes ) in the Humours ^ut are feldome in the Flejl\ or Sub- 
Jiu»ce-Becau{e it is ofa more Oily Nature-^whkh is not very Sulicptiblc 
of thole Tjjles ; And the Saltnejje it felfe oiBloud^ is but a lighitjand fe- 
cTCtSdltneJf'e: And cuenamongF/;?«t/,fome doe participaic.ofej/f«f//>, 
as ^l^a Marina,Sampire,Scuruy-Gr^e^S£c. And they report,there is,in 
fomc of the Indian-Seas^ a Swimming Plant, which they call Salgazu's^ 
fpreading ouer the Sea-^in fuch fort, as one would thinkc it were a Mea- 
dow. \^xs certaine, that out of the Ajhes of all Plant s^xhiiy ex trad; a Sdt^ 
wh i ch t hey V fe in Medicines. 

It is reported by one of the Ancients, xhdLi there is an Hfr^ growing in 
the water, called Lincofiis, which is full oi Prickles : This Hcrbe putteth 
forth another fmall Herbe out of the Leafe ; which is imputed to fomc! 
MoiJlitrCyihaz is gathered bctweene the i'nV/'fo,whichPufriti^d by the 
5//««e,Germinatcth. But I remember alfo I haue fcene,for a great Ra- 
rity, one Rofe growwut of another jlikeHo«y>-5«J'/cj-,that they callTop 
and Top gallants. 

Barley, ( as appearcth in the Malting, ) being ftcepcd in irater three 
dayes,and afterwards the water drained from it, and the li.irky turned 
vpon a drie floare, will fprout, halfe an Inch long at ;e.irt ; And ifit bee 
let alone, and not turnedjOUTch more j vntill {he Heart be our, wheat 
will doe the fame.Try it alfo with Pcafe^aud Ileancs. This Exptrjment is \ 
not like that of the Orpin, andSempcr-riue • For these it is of .the old ' 
Store, for no fvater is added •, But here it is nourinied from the iVater. 
The Experiment would be further driuen • For it appcareth already, by 
that which hath been faid,that Earth is notnecelTary to the firltSprou- 
ting of />/^«f J-; And we fee that Eefe-Buds let in water, will Blovv:There- 
fore try whether the Sprouts of fuch Graincs may not be niifvfd roa fur- 
ther Degree: As to an Herbe, or Flower, with water only-,Or feme (mall 
.Commixture, of £<?r*^; For if they will, it lliould feerae by xhcExperi- '"> 
ments beforc,both^f the Malt.,^nd of the Rojes^ that they will come fa't 
faftcr on in water, than in Earth : For the Nomijhment is cafiticr drawne } 
out o^ water, than out oi Earth. It may giuc fome light alio, that Drinke I 
I infufed withplcfl} ,a.% that with theC^^o«,&c.wil nourilli fafterandcafi- 
Iier,than Aferft andDrinke togcther.Try the izmcExperimL-ut with Hoots, 
as well as with Graines i as for Example, rake a Turnips and ftcepe it a 
while, and then dry it,and fee whether it will fprout, 

iW.//tinthe Drenching will Iwell-, And that in liich a manner, as after 
the Putting forth in fprouts, and the drying vpon thcKccle, inhere will 
begainedatleal^a Bufhc»llin eight, and yet the Sprouts are rubbed 
off- And there will be a Butlrell of Duft befidcs the Malf.Which I fup- 
pofe to bc,nbt only by the loofe, and open Laying of the Parts, but by 
fomc Addition of 5«^_^^«re, drawne from* the Pf^./fi?/-, in which it was 
ftecped. I 

Malt gaxhQtethA Sweetnejje to the Tajle, which appeareth yet more i 


Qentiirj VI I. 

i in zhciVort. The D ulceration oiThitns is worthy to bctrycd to the fiill-, 
I For that Dulcor.nion impDrccth a decree to Nourijhmi-m: And the Ma- 
king o'lThingf I ndimemdl^to become Alimemdlim^y be an Exjicri^nent 
ofgreatProrit, for Making new FiBudl. 

Moft5ffc/.rin thcGrovvingjleaue theirHw/Z'cor Rinde about ihcReo't; 
But the Onion will carry it vp,that it will be like aCap vpon the Top of 
the Toung Onion.TheC^ufe may be,for that thesiin or H/tsh is not cafie 
to brcakcj Ai we fee by the Pilling ot'0;zffl«/,what a Holding Subjhnce 
lh<: Skin is, 

PUnts, ibdthauc Curled Z,w«f/,doe all abound with Moijfu riWhich 
commeth fo talt on, as they cannot rpreadthcm(ckiesPIaine,butmcill 
needs gather together: The Weakclt Kind oi Cnrlingis Rename (J e '^ 
As in c/;;^,and 5«r;r.The Second is Curling on the Sides ; Ar in Let- 
f«a-,and Voung : And the Third is roldiuf^ into an Had-^ As in 
Cdhb.ige till! growne and Ctjbb.:^c-Lettftcc. 

It is repor[edjth;'.t FinY5and/'/«c,clpccially if they be. O Wand Putri- 
ficd, though they fnine not, as fome Rotten woods doe,yct in the fudden 
Braking they will (parkle Hkc Hard Sugar, 

The Roots of Trff.f doe (lome of thetn,)put downewards dccpe into 
thc6><J7«»;6^; AsthcO.//Y, /'/«f,f/>rf, &:c. Some fprcad more towards 
the of the E.irth,ks the yljjjy CjpreJJe-Tree^Olit/e^&ccThc C^mfe 
of this latter may bc,for that fuch Trees as loue the Sunne, doe not wil- 
lingly defcend farre into the E^irth-, And therefore thy are ( common- 
ly ) rrces^ that ni6ot vp much •, For in their £o^/ their delire of Ap- 
proach to the Sunne, maketh them fpread the le(Tc. And the fame Rea- 
fon vnderc?ro//«j/,to auoidRecefTc from the 5'««w,makcth them Iprcad 
the more. And we fee it commcth to pafle in fome Trees, which haue 
bccnc planted too deep in the Ground, that for loue of Approach to 
thei-n/wp, they forfake their firft^oot, and put out another more to- 
wards the Top of the Earth. And wee fee alio, that the oliue is full ot 
oily /uycej^adyifjj maketh the beflFire. AndCy/rf//!- is an Hot Tree.A^ 
for the 0.7.i'e,which is of the former fort,'it loueth the E.irth-^And there- 
fore groweth (lowly. And for the Pine^und F/rrf likewife, they haue fo 
much/Zf ;f in thcmfelues ,as they need leflethcf/w^ of the Sunne/ThcK 
be Herbs alfo,that haue the fame difference- As tht^ Herbe they c^llMor- 
fuf Di.iboli ■, which putteth the ;?oof downe fo low, as you cannot pull 
j it vp wirhout/>'>v.j///7^^ which gauc Occafion to the A'.jw^", and fublt • \ 
Vox that it was laid, it was fo wholefome a/?oo(,that the Dcuili^whcn it ) 
was gathered, bitit for £«'/)' : Andlomeof the vJ»nV«rfdoc report, 
that there was aGoodlyF/>vr, ( which they dehred to rcmoue whole,) 
i that had a Root vndcr Ground eight Cubits deep j And ib r he Root came 
I vp broken. 

It hath bcenc obferued, that a Branch of a Trfc, being r»bJri-edfomc 
fpacc at the Bottome,and lb (ct into the Ground^ hath growen, Euen of 
fuch T/w.f,as if the BrJKf/? wercfetwiththe/?»ry('eon, they would noti 
growjyct contrariwife we fec,that arr^eParcd round in the.S<?.'/)',aboue i 
^ G^round, 












!J\(aturalI Hijiory: 

Ground J will die. The Caujt may be, for that the Fob.irkt Part draweth 
the Nourifliment beft,biit the iSar/econtinueth it only. 

'Grapes will continue Frejh^ and Moifi^ all Winter long, if you hang 
them, C lufter hy clujier,in the Roofe of a tyarmeRoome j Efpecially, if 
when you gather the C/«^er ,you take off with the clujier feme of the 

The Reed or Cane is a ivatry plants and groweth not but in the fyater-^ 
It hath thefe Properties j that it is HeUow j That it is Knuckled both 
Stilke^and Root '^ That being Dn>, ii'nmoxc Hard and Fragile^xhAo. 
\ oihcx H'ood -^ That it putteth forth noBoughcs, ihough m;iny Stalkes 
comcout ofonei?oor. Itdifferethmuch in Grcatncirc j Thcimalleft 
being fit for Thatching ot Houles j And Stopping the Chinkes of 
Ships J Bt Iter than Glcw, or Pitch. The Second Bigncfle, is vied for 
AngIe-Rods,and Stauc-s; hnd'mChina fur beating of Offenders vp. 
on the Thighcs. The differing Kindts ot them arcj The Comir.on Reed; 
The Cajs'ia Ftjiula; And the Sugar-Reed. 0(M Plants, it boweth the 
caiieft ^and rifeth againc. It feemeth, that amongit Plants, which are 
nourillicd with Mixture oi Earth axid water, it draweth moft Nourifh- 
mcnt from Water j which maketh it the Smoothed of all others in Barkr, 
And the Hotlowejl in Body. 

TheSap oiTrees,vrhen they are letBlottd^is of diffcringjV.;?«rf.f.Scme 
more fvatry and Cleare; As that ot f^incs -, of Beeches ; ot Pearcs. Some 
Thicke-y As ^pples.Some Gummy-, As cherries. Some Froathy, As Elmts. 
Some Milkieyki Figs.ln Mulberries, the Sap feemeth to be (almoft)to- 
wards the £i;r;te only J For if you cut the Tjrf, a little into the Barkc, 
with a Stone, it will come forth -, If you pierce it deeper with a Teolc, it 
will be drie.The7rcej;Whichh«we theMoiJieJiluyces in theirfra/>,haue 
commonly the Moijleji Sap in their Body-, For the i^ines and P cares are 
very Moijl ^ Apples fomewhat more spongie: TheMilke of theF/jvgf hath 
the quality ot the i?f««erjto gather C^a/^: And fohoiuecertaine Sowre 
Herbs wherewith they make Cheefe in Lent. 

TheTimber and Wood are,in fome Trees,moxe cleane,in feme more 
Knottie : And it is a good Triall, to trie it by Speaking at one End,and 
Laying the Eare at the Other : For if it be Knotty^ the Voice will not 
paftcwell. Some hauether^jwa more varied, and chamlotrcd J As 
Oake^hexeo'i fvainfcot'n made ; Maple, whereof T?'f«fW.r are made : 
Some more fmooth, as Firre, and walnut: Some doe more eallly breed 
wormei and Spiders ; Some more hardly, as it is faid ofJrifJj Trees : Bc- 
fides, there be a Number of Differences' that conccrnc their vfe; As 
Oakc,Cedar,znd chefnut, ^rc the beftBuildersrSome are beft for Plough- 
Timber-, As yifh : Some for Peeres,th2it areibmetimcs wet, and fome- 
timcs drie^ As Elme : Some for Planchers -, As Deale : Some for Tables^ 
Cupboardf,and Deskes-.^As fyalnuts:Somei'or ship-Timber-, As Oaks that 
grow in Moift Grouads;Vot that maketh the Timber Tough,and not apt 
to rift with OrdnaHce;,\Nhereia Englifh and Iriftj Timber are thought to 
excelI:Somcfor ^/^i-of5/;/p/j AsFirrey and /"/«?, bccaui'cof theirj 


Century. V i\. 

Lcn^ith, SiraightnefTc, and lightncflc: Some For /'rf.Vj A-i-Ou/ie: Some 
torfwea- As.^/>^.- Andfooftherelh "'^ 

fhc Cofumifig oi Trees and PUnts in ccrtaine Rt^iens, and not in 6. 
thcis, isfoinctimes Ca/uhU: For many hauc b^ cne tranilared, and banc 
pr;)ii>crt dwell. As Damoike-Rf/is, thachauc not beene knowne in £«g- 
i<j»^ab oilcan Jnindrcd ycarcs, and now arc fo common. )5uc thclikint^, 
off/rfirff iiicevMinc'5*;7Mj more than in others, ismecrely N»titr4U\ As 
the- F//TiMnd /'ivt' !one the Mounttinfs j The Poplar ^ WiUfw^ SaS0w, and 
I Aldfry\)\\(i ^/«fa,aiKi /i/*//? /*/<»«.• The vf/7;loucth C0pficesy Biitisbeft 
I in Sti'J.irJs A\ont : luniper loueth Chatke ; And fo doc molt Frntt-Trees : 
\ Sumftre growcth buu vpon Rfckes : ReeAs and Ofitri grow where they 
I arc wailicti with WMer : The f^;« loiKth Sides offJills^ turning v{X)nthe 
1 St>uch-EjJi'S»n»e, &c. 

I The PmuHg ffrihofcertAme Herlfs dt(coiiereth of what Nature the 
I GrMfli t\hcrc they put forth, is: As W/7<Jtf rtrw? ("heweth g-'wd Feeding 
I Grou-id i)x Cditdi ; Bif/owjr and Str*vpkerrits ("hew GroMds fit for Wood ; 
i CamemtU (htwcth Mellow Grouttds fit for w/»«/. Mullsrd Seed, grow- 
fingatrcr the fiou^h^ i"hcwcthagood5<r#»g(7r*«»^alfo for fvheat: BWr- 
ntc ihcwctli gootl Mtdow : Andthelike. 

There are ibun^l, in diuers Ctu^tries, fome other Plams, that grow 
Oi^toi Trees and Plitts, befidcs Mijfeltte: AsinSfria, there is an //vV^^- 
I'caf'ed CiijUytai, thatgtowethoutof tall Trees, and vvindeth it (clfe about 
1 ihii fame 7>( e where it growcth j And fomctimes about Thorttes. There 
is a kinJc of Poi'//)*^^, thatgrowethoutofT>«j, though it windcthnot. 
.Solikewi(c'an//fr^<f called FA»no$, vpon the mldeOUue. And an Herhe 
called f/ij>peph4/io» vpon the F»Utrs Thrfte; Which, they fay, is good 
f )r the FiUtfig-SickneJfe. 

Jtharhbecncnbferucd, by fome of the v4»f;/»»f y, that how foeuerC*/^/ 
and E'lJltrlylVindf, are thought to bee great Enemies to Fr«M>- yet ne- 
ucrthelefle South-ivindi are alfo found to doe Hurt j Efpccially in the 
Bioffamw^ rime J And the more, iish»Wers follow. It fcemeth they call 
fbrrh the Aff'jfare too falh The fvefi-fyinds are the bcft. It hath beene 
olifcriiedalfurhat Greece md Open fvinters doe hurt Trees; Info much as 
if two or three fuch ATW'ri come together, Mm^nd-Trees , and fome o- 
rhcrT;rrr,wi!]dvc. Thi^Caufe is the iamc with the former, becaule the 
Z-ff/of the B.arth oucrfpendeth it felfc; Howfoeucr lome other of the 
/ Ancients ! umc com mended fvarme ^''inters. 

Srjoms^ \\:'\n%lon^,CAu{b a. PruitfullTeare : Forfirft, they keepc in the 
Sticfi^thr^hhv Earth -^ Secondly, they water the fir^A, better than Raioe-^^ 
For in Sna-.v, the Earth i\oth (as it were) fuckc thcl^'ater, as out of the 
7ejtc. Thirdly, the ^/#7/?i»rt of ^(Wip is the finell Mcifittre-, For it is the 
Froth of the ClrHdy vyjtcrs. 

Shewrrs, if they come a little before the Ripe»t0goC Fruits, doe' good 
to a I! Succaleot and Moi(i Fruits-^ As f^tttes, Olimes, romegrAH*tes-, Yet 
it is rather for Plenric, than for Goodncfle • For the beft Wines are in 
the Drieft futures'. Small Showits are likewife good for Corne^ fo a$ 

, P.i! chi»ji I 











J\(aturaII Hislor) : 




Pdrching hettJ comcwt vpon them. Generally;, A'iahtShuwers aKhi'i' ] 
tcr than Dsj-Showers j Fur that the Suittte followcth iiot io fait vpon ; 
thctti: And wee (ec, eiien in Watrittg by the HA«d^ it isbcit, in Summer . 
</W, to water in the Euenlng. j 

I he Dijferenceio'i Earths^ and the Tritll of ihcm, are worthy to be di- 
ligently inquired. The E*rth, that with showers doth caliJiclt Sofum^ is | 
comoicndedj And yet feme £«f//; of that kinde will bee very Dry, and i 
Hard before the Showers. The Earth that caftcth vp from the Plough^ a ' 
Great Ctod^ is not fo good, as that which caftcth vp a Smaller Clod. The 
EATth^ that putteth forth Mejje eafily, and may be called Mfiddy^ is not 
\good. Ih&Eartb^ that fmclleth well vpon the Digging, or Plowing, is 
I commended -, As containing the lujce of Vegetables almofl already pre- 
pared. It is thought by fomp, that the Ends of low Rawe-Bewes, fall 
more vpon onekinde o( Earth than vpon another: As itmay wtllbec ^ 
For that that Earth is moft Rofcide : And therefore it is conlmended 
for a Signe of good Earth. The PoorcnejJ'e of the Werbs, (it isplaine,) 
lliew the Poorenejje of the Earth • And cfpecially if they be in Colour more 
darke:Biitifthe£^^y/'i ihcvfmthered, or £/«y?fiattheTop, itllicweth 
the Earth to be very Cold : And fo doth the Mofineffe oi Trees. The Earthy 
whereof the Gfiijje is foone Parched with the Sunne, and Toafied, is com- 
monly Forced Earthy and Barren in his ownc Nature. Thu render, chef- 
/<w»e, and Alellow Earthy is thebeft \ Being mcere Medd^ betwccne the 
two Extremes of Claj^ and Sand:^ Efpeciallyif itbenorZ.ww;, and Bin- 
ding. The Earthy that after Raine^ will fcarce be Plowed^ is commonly 
FrtihfmU i For it is Cleatting^ and fii 11 oUityce. 

It is ftrange, which is obfcriied by fome of the Ancients^ that DMJi hel-l 
peth the Fruh/ulaeJJ'e of Trees j And of riaes^ by name j In fo much as j 
thcycaft DuU vponrhcmof purpofe. It Aiould fcerae, that tlutPow. 
driag, when a Shower commeth, maketh a kinde of Soyling to the 
Tree^beingEirth ^Lndfvater^ finely laid on. Andrhcy note, tl^at Coun- 
tries, where the Fields and prayes arc Dujly^ bcare the bcil Vines . 

It is commended by the Ancients^ for an Excellent Hdpe to Trees, to 
lay the 5f.j/it« and Leaites of Lupines about the A^*^/^; Or to l^Iow 
them into the Ground, where you will fow Corne. The Burning alfoj 
I of the C»wi«^/ of r/»*j, andC4^/»^ them vpon /<i»^, doth much Good.* 
And it was generally receined of old, that the Dangirto o^ Ground!, when \ 
1 the ^n^-M-W blowcth, and in the Decreafe oi the Meone, doih gvcMtlyj 
helpe, 'Xhe.Earth (as it fccmeth) being then more thirlHe, and open, ro I 
receiuc the Dung. 

The Grafting of r/«« vpon Vines ^ (as I take it,) is not now in vfe • The | 
Ancients had it, and that three wayes: The fin\w3s.I'ifuien, which is! 
the Ordinary Manner oi Grafting: The Second was Terebrdtion^ thorowj 
the ^/i<^/^ of the Stocke, and Putting in the oViw there: And the Third* 
was Paring of two Vines, that grow together, to the Mm row and Bin- 
ding them clofe. 
669 The Difcafes and ill Accidents oi Corne, are worthy to bee enquired; 


Century. ^VIL 

And would be more worthy to be enquired, if it were in Mens Power to 
heJpe them • Whereas ma^y of them are not to be remedied. The Mil- 
dew is one of the Greateft ; which (outof queftion) commethby clofiv 
Hejfe oiAire-^ And therefore in Hitli^^ or large Champaigne Grounds, it fel- 
dome commeth j Such as is with vs Tork 's ^reald. This cannot be reme- 
died, otherwife than that in Countries of Small Enclofure, tlje Grounds 
bee turned into larger Fields : Which I haue knowen to doe good in 
fome Farmcs. Another Difeaft is the Put tinq^ forth of }yildL' Owf j, whcre- 
into Cor»e oftentimes, (el'pccially Barley) doth degenerate. It happe- 
neth chiefly from the M''f'?/«f//^^ of the <Jn//«f thatisfowen j Forif it bee 
either too Old, or Mouldy, it will bring forth ;^/7(!i;C>4fj. Another Dif- 
eafe is the Society oix!aQ Ground'^ For if youfow one Ground ftill with 
the lame Corne^ (I meane not the fame Cor«c that grew vpon the feme 
Ground,) but the fame Kindeoi Graine'^ (Asfvheat, BjrlejyScc.) it will 
profper but poorely: Therefore bcfides the ^f/?/«^ of the Ground , you 
muft varie the Seed. Another ill Accident is, ffom the mnds, which hurt 
at two times J At the Flarrrifig, by Shakingoi^ the Flowers -^ And at the 
full Ripening , by Shaking out the Cerne, Another ill Accident is. Drouth, 
at the Spindling of theCorwj Which with vs is rare; But in H'otrct 
Countries, common: Infomucli as the Word, CaUmitJ-s, wasfirft deri- 
uedfrom cdamitf, when the Cor«e could not get out of the Stalke. An- 
other ill Accident is, Ouer-Tfet at Sowing-time -^ which with vsbreedeth 
much Dciirtb; Infomuch as the Corne neuer commeth vp; And (many 
times) they are forced toteiow Somf/ier-Corne, where they fowedww- 
ter-Corne. Another ill Accident is Bitter f r<>/?/,continucd,without Snow^ 
Efpecially in the Bcginni4[ig of the winter, after the Seedis new Sowen. 
Another Difejifi is H'ormes -, which fometimes breed in the Root , and 
happen vpon Hots mines, and showers, immediately after the Sowinq-^ 
And another Fforwebrecdcth in the E.jri' it Selfe ; Efpecially when ^<?f 
J«««ej-breakc often out of c/oWx. Another Difejfc is pi-^eeds; And they 
are fuch, as cither Choakc , and Ouer-iliadow the Cornc, and bcareit 
downc, Orltatue thcCorwc, anddecciueit of Nouriflimcnt. Another 
Difejfeis,Oucr-RanckneJfc oi the Come; Which they vfe to remedy, by 
Mowing it after it is come vp-^ Or putting sheepe into it. Another ill 
Accident is Laying oi Cornc with great Raines, ncare, or in Haruefl. Ano- 
ther ill Accident is , if the Seed happen to haue touched Oyle , or any 
Thing,thit is Fat; VoxthoCeSuhJianceshiuean Antipathy with Nourifh- 
me/tt oi Water. • iv.\. 

The Remedies of the Dijeafes of Come haue beene obferucd as fol- 
lowcth. The Steeping of the Graine, before Sowing , a little time in wine, 
is diought a Prefer uatiue: Ihe Mingling of Seed- Come with Ajhes, is 
thought to be good : The Sowingn the mine o( the Moene, is thought 
to make the CeVwc found : It hath not beene pracflifed, but it is thought 
CO bee of vfe, to make fome Mifcellane in Corne •, As if you fow a few 
Beanes with tyheat, your wheat will be the better. It bath beene obfervedj 
that the Sowingo^ Corne with Houjleeke, doth good. Though Graine, that 

P toucheth 




^h(^tur4U Hifiory: 







touchechO/Yf, orfJt, receiueth hurt, yet the Steepttgo( it, in the Dregs 
of Oilcy when it beginneth to Putrifie, (which they call Amurca^ is 
thought to aflbre it againft wormes. It is reported alfo, that if Corne bee 
Mowed, it will make the Grains Longer, bu t Emptier, and hauing More 
oi t\it Huike. 

It hatht>eenp noted, that Seedo^a. yeere old, is the Beft j And of two 
orthtceyeeresisWorfcj Aud that which is more Old, is quite Barren j 
Thotigh (no doubt) (omc Seeds axid Grams \a&hQtttt than others. The 
Corne, which in the Fanning lieth loweft, is the beft 5 And the Cornt^, 
which broken or bitten retaineth aUttle TeUowneJJe, isbettei than that 
which is very ffi^/f^. 

It hath beene obfcrued, thatof all^ootjof ^fr^/, the Root o£ SorreU 
goeththe furtheftinto the Eanh^ Infomuchas it hath beene kno Wen to 
goe three Cubits dcepe J And that it is the i?oef that continuethfit (lon- 
geft) to be fetagaine, ofanyi?<?of thatgroweth. It is a Cold and Acide 
her he y that (as itfecmeth) loueth the Earthy and is not much drawen b}' 
the Sunne. 

It hath beene obfcrucd, thatfome /Tfr^j like beft, being warred with 
Salt-water'^ As Radipj, Beet, Rew,Pcnnyroyal/'^ This Triall would be ex- 
tended to forac other Herbs-^ Efpecially llichasare Strong ^ As Tarragon, 
Mufiard-Sced, Rocket, and the like. 

It is ftrange that is generally receiued,how fome Poyfonom Eeafis affedl 
Odorate and fvhokfime Herbs-, As that the Snake \oi\t\.h FenntU; That 
the Torfrf will be much under 5tf^e; That frc^j will be incinquefoile. It 
maybe, it is rather the Shade, or other Couerture, that they take likirEi 
in, than the Vcrtue of the Herbe. 

It were a Matter of great Profit, ((aue that I doubt it is tooConie- 
durall to venture vpon,) if one could difccrne, what Ceme, Herbs, or 
Fruits, arclike tobcin Plentie, oxScarcitie, by ^ome SignesundProgio- 
Jlicks, in the Beginning of the Yeere : For as for thofe, that are Hke to be 
in plentie, they may be bargained for, vpon the Ground -^ As the Old Re- 
lation was of 7*/w^f/j whotofhew howeafieitwas ioxa Philofvjdjerzobe 
rich, when hee forc-fawa great Plentie oi Oliues, made a Monopoly o^ 
them. And for i'^^m«>, Men may nwke Profit in keeping better the old 
Store. Long Continuance of Snow is beieeucd to make a FruvfullTcere of 
Come ; An Early winter, or a verie Late fvinter, a Barren reere of Corner : 
An Open and Serene winter, an ill Yeere o/i Fruit : Theic we haue pardy 
touched before ; But other Prognofiicks of hke Nature are diligently to 
be enquired. 

There feemc to be, in fomc P/^«f /, Singularities, wherein they differ 
from all Other- The Oliue hath the Oily Part, only on the Out fide ^SNher- 
as all other Fruits hauc it in the Nut, oxKerneli. The Firre hath (in cf- 1 
kBi)noStone^Nut,nox Kernell', Except you will couof the little Grainef\ 
Kernels. The Pomegranate and Pine- Apple haue onely, amongft Fruits, [ 
Graines diftind in feverall Cells. No Herbs haue Curled Leaues^wt Cab-\ 
hage,and Cabbage-Lettuce. None hauc double Z,w»«, one belonging to' 


Century, V i I. 

the Stilkf^ another to the Fruit or Seed, but the AriichoAe: No Flower 
hath that kinde of Spread that the tvefidbirie hath. This tnay bee a large 
Field of Contemplation; For it iTieweth that in the Frame of N.:ture, 
there is-, in the Producing of fomc Species^ a Compofition of Matterj 
which happcnethoft, and may be much diucriified; In others, fuchas 
hapj^^nctii rarely, andadmittech little Variety : For fo it is likewife irt 
Beajh.: D»gs haue a Rcfemblancc with ff^flitcs, and Faxes-, Htrfts with 
u4//i.f i Kint with ^»fUs ; ^./rrj with Cenks ^ &:c. And fo in tiris : Kites 
and Kifinh haue a Rclcmblance with Htwkes • Ctismtn-Dtues with 
RsHg-DfitteSyaad Tmriles ; BUck'Sirds with Thruffies and M4utffes \ Crtvets 
with R.mens, Dtwes ,3.v.dCb00ghs,&cc. ButEi«^a»t$,ind Swt0e amongW 
Bedfts; Andthc Bird o( ParMdi/e, and the Fedcxke imonf^H Birds; And 
fonie few others J haue fcarcc any other 5^«erjr, that haue Affinity with 

Wcclcaue the Dsfcriptim of Plants, and their Venues^ to 
Herl'a'Js, and otiicr UkcBookes otl>{jtturaQ Hijiory : Wherein 
Mens diligence hach becnc great, cucn to Curiofty : For our 
Experiments arc only fuch, asdoccucrafceudaDcgrcc, to the 
Drriumg ot CaujeSy and Extra6Hn£ of AxitntcSj which, wcc 
arciioti^',norant, but that (omc, both of the Ancient slixUMq- 
derne Writers, haue al(b laboured , But their CaufeSy and Axi- 
o»«<?j,arc[ofullof Imagination, and fo infcdted with the old 
Rcccjued Theories, as they arc mccrc inquinations of Expert- 
^«C(?, and Concodt it nor. ■ ''^■c-e- i 

IT hathbeeneobfenied, byfoiric of the Af$cients, that Skins, (efpcci- 
allyof ^4«ii,) newly pulled off, and applied to thtprnt^ds of Stripes, 
doc kcepcthem from Swelling, and Exulcerating" And likewife Hcalc 
them, and Clofe them vp ; AodthatthcwiE>/r«of f;^/ doe the fame. The 
C4»/e, is a Temperate C*«g/*</»4//M J For both bodies arc Clammy, and 
Vifcous, and doc bridle the DtjUx of Humours to the Hurts, without 
Penning them in too much. 



Solitary cou« 


On mav tunic (almoft) all FU/hintOAPattf Stthft*uce if vou take Etperiment 

. ^ - . . . „ ' . . _ -'. 3 . •_ Solitary tou- 

_ Ftffh, and cut it into Pccccs, and put the Pccccs into a GU([e couc 
reel with Pvin hmcnt ; And fb let the Gh/fe (land fix or feucn Houres in . 
Hfi}ft»^^Vater. It maybe an £x/)mwf«; of Profit, for Making ofFat^ or . 
Gredfe for fn.iny vfcs ■, But then it muft be of fuch FUfh as is; not Edible - 
As Herfes, Dogs, Benrcs, Ftxts, Endgtrs^ &c. 

(cd in pup), 

IT IS reported by one of the Amienis, that New ivine^m into f^'effels Experiment 
wl'U flopped, and the rejfels let downe into ihcSed^ will accelerate I ^I'^l,' J J JJ^"J^^ 
vcrv much, the Making of them Ripe and Potable. The fame would be lotDrw^bcfac 
tried in H-Vr^ " thcT;*c. 

Pa„; Beafis^ ^79 .J 


' Solitary tou- 
ching P;/i3/J()i 


^aturall Hi/iorj: 

Solicaty tou- 
ching the 


Solitary tou 
ching thediffe 
rent CUereneHi 
of the Se-J. 


BEafis arc more Hairy thin Mitt ^ and Saui^e Afeif moxt thm Ciitilt-^ 
And the Plumage of Birds exccctleth the Pilefityoi Be*jis. The Cattfe 
of the Smoothncrte in Men^ is not any Abundance of Heat and Molfiurc, 
though that indqcdcaufethFz/iyit;'; ButthereisrcquiritctoP/7tfyjf7, not 
(0 much Heat and Mfiift^re, ^%Exerememitiom Heat and Moijlure: (For 
vvhatfoeuer alllmifetethj goeth- not into the Hairt .• ) And Excrementi- 
tiotti Moijlitre aboundeth molt in ir<</?J, and Meu that ate more Sauage. 
Much the fame Rcafbnis thereof the i'/aw^^e of S/W/- For Birds aifi- 
milate Icfle, and exccrne more than Betfis : For their Excrements arc 
euer liquid, and their Flffi} (generally) moreidry : Befides, they hane 
not InJirHineMs for Fritte 5 And fo all the Excrementitiotu Mcillureg(x.z\\ 
into the Feathers ; And therefore it is no Maruell, though Birds bee 
commonly better Meat than Beafts^ becaufe their F/^/& doth affimilatc 
more finely, and fccerneth more fubtilly . Againc, the Head of Man hath 
//rf/re vpon ihef rji Birth ^ which no other i'^rr of the Bod) hath. The 
Caufe may be H^dttt o{PerJ}irati$» : For much of the Matter of Haire, in 
rheothcr/'rirrjof thefi*^, goeth forth by Infennble Perfpiration-^ And 
befidcs, the^/«S being of a more folid Subftancc,nourifheth and af- 
fmiilateth leffe, and excerneth more: Andfo likewifc doth the cA//»»rj 
VVe(ce alfothat/^<i;recomraetlinot vponthe i*d/»»f/ of the Ha>jdSyi\OT 
Soaks of the Feet ; Which are Parts more Perjpinble. And Chtllren 
likewife are not Hairy ^ for that their bkitts are more Perjptrakle. 

Birds are of swfter Mitiomhun Beafts ; For the Flivht of many Birds 
is Swifter^ thaa the race ot any Beafts. The Caufe is, for that the Spi- 
rits in BirdSy are in greater Proportion, in comparifon of the Bulke of 
their Body, than in Beafts: For as for the Reafon that (ome giue, that 
they are partly Carried, whereas Beafis goe, that is Nothing ^ For by 
that Reafon Swimming fhoulti be (wifter, than Running : And that 
Kinde oi Carriage alfo, is not without Labour of the wirsg. 



T He 5^4 is clearer^ when the Ntrth-vind bloweth, 

Experiment ^ 
I Solitary tou- 
I ching thediffe- 
! rentHM'iut 
]Fir« and B»7% 
I Witer. 

than when the 
Soutb-wtnd. The Caufe is, for that ^i/f-w^^f^r hath a little Oylinefe 
in the 5»r/4f^ thereof-. As appeareth in very Hotdaics : And againe, tor ; 
that the Soutbertte Wind relaxeth the W^^ter fomewhat ^ As no H'ater i 
BojLing is fo Clcere as Cold Water. \ 

Fire butncth ivotd^ making it firil Laminoui ; Then BUkf and Brit'. j 
tie ■ And lalUy, Brekeit and lucinerate: Scalding Water dorhnoneof 
thcfc. Vhe CaufeiSy forthatby Fire^ xhcSfiritof the Body is firil: Refiaed, 
and then Ewtf/^ Whereof the ReftnitigfiT Attenuation caufeth the Light 5 
And the Emi^ion^ firft the Fragility^ and after the Dijfolutien into JJhts: 
Neither doth any other B«dj enter : But in fvater the Sftrit of the Bodi 
isnot^fjfa^ifomuchj And befides Partof thew.rrfr entrerh; Which 
doth increafe the Sfirit^ and in a degree extingiiifh it : Therefore wc fee 


Cemiirj. WW. 


iolitarjr tou- 
ching the ^a- 
by Mtiliare. 


that//*/ i^'4tgr will quench Fire. And againe wee fee, that in Bodits\ 
wherein the PV^f^r doth not much enter, but only the Heat palTeth, Hot 
^yf^r wnrketh the Etfcds of Birc : As in Egges Beyled^ and k».:j{ed^ (in- 
to which the water entreth not at all) there is fcarcc dirfercnce robe dif- 
ccrntd. But in entity and Plejh^ whereinto the tyattr entreth, in fome 
Par: J there li much more difference. 

THc hottem? of a Vejfetl oiBoyling iVate'r, (as hath bccne obferucd) is 
not very much Heated^ So as men may put their hand vnderthe 
VcJJ'elly and remouc it. The Cdtt/e is, for chat the Maijlureoi. fvjter^ as it 
(.jncncheth Coaks, where it cncreth ; So it dothallay Heat, where it tou- 
chcth : And therefore note well, that Mtijiare although it doth not paffc 
thorow Bodies, without Cammu/Matiaa oi. ibmcSuirjUnce, (As Hejtmd 
Ctlddoc^) yetit worketh rnanifelt Erteils ; not by Entrance of the Bo- 
dv, but by (.^Uiahfying of the Heat, ami Cold; As wee fee in this /»- 
ji.n:cc : And We iceliKewifc, that thckyateroi Tbiv^s di/ltUed in Water, 
(which they call the Bith) diftcrcth not much from tht^ivattroi Things 
Di/iiUcd by Ftre; VVefeealfo, thit Pevter-Di/bes^ with IViter'm them, 
will not Melteafily, But without it, they will: Nay we fee more, 
BHtter^ or Oy/tf, which inthemfelues are Inflammable, yet by Vcrtiic of 
their Aftijiure, will doc the like. 

IT hath bcene noted by the ^mitnts, that it is dingerous to Picke ones 
£«/r, whilelt he rdwwt/^. The rrf»/if is, for tliat in 7"<w«/«5?, the Inner 
FarchmetK of the Eare is extended, by the Dr»wmg in of the Spirit, and 
Breath j For in TawBtng, and Sighwg both, the Sfirit is firlt itrongly 
Drawnc in, and then Itrongly Expelled. 

If T hath becnc obfcrued by the Ancitnts^ that5«<f*/«jf dothceafe the 
i aic(0ugh. The Cauje is, for that the Matitm of the Hiectitzh, is a Lifiinv 
vf of the Stcmacke j which Snecung doth fomewhat dcprcfle, and diuert 
the Motton another way. For firlt we fee that the Hi'-cngh commeth of 
Fniaeje of Meat, (efpecially in Children) which caufcth an Extcnlion 
of tlie Siomtcke : VVc lee alfo, it is caufcd by Aeide Meats, or Prinkes, 
which is by xhcP ricking oix]:[(t St tmacke: And this Motioit isccafed, ei- 
ther by Diuerfton^ Or by Deientionoi the Spirits .• DiuerJu>Hy ai in S/tee- 
z.itg; Dettntion^ as we fee Holdtpg of the Breath, dothhelpe fomewhat 
toceale the Hiccough ; And putting a Man into an carneft Study doth 
the like; As is commonly vfcd: And Finegar put to the NoJlhriilSy or 
Gartiariz.ed, doth it alfoj For that it is yijtringent, and inhabiteth the 

LO*('/>gagain(l: the Su^me^ doth induce SiteeuBg. The Caufe is, not z^^periroent 
the Heating of tlic Nofthrils ; For then the H0idiu^ vpo{ the- Nofthriis \ Soi«ary rou- 
ag.uiftthe5«*»f, though one Winkc, would doc it., But the /Jraw//,? j c w^ sft-yw^. 
downeofthc Moijiurcoi the Sraine : For it will make the E)fes run with ' 

P 3 Hater ^ ' 

Solitary tou- 
ching T'lmm/ng. 


Scluaij cou- 
ching the Hi*- 


1 168 

!J\(^turaU Uifioryi 

Solitaty tou- 
ching the Ten- 
dtmcjftoi ihe 


Solitary tou- 
ching the 


I Experirocnc 
I Solitary tou- 


Solitary tou- 
chinj; fomc 
Progmflickt of 


Solitary tou- 
ching Speria// 
Simples ^or 

f facer ; And the Drawing of A-foifiure ro the P-jes^ doth draw it to the 
Afijlhr/ls^ by Metitfn oi Conftm-^ And fofoUoweth Snetzin^^-^ As con- 
crariwifethe Tick Ijpg 0^ the Nffihri Is wkKmy dothdia\^ iht~ Moijlarezo 
xhtNofihrils^ and to the Eyes hsConfem-^ For they alfowill IV^ter. But 
vetithathbeeneobferiiedj that if one be about to 5ff<rf&<', the Rubbing 
oFthe Eyes J till they run with Water, will preuent it. Whereof the Cattje 
is, for that the Humour ^ which wasdefccndingto the Nofibrils^ is diuer- 

THe TeethaxQ more, by Ctld Drinke^ or the like, affcded, than the 
other ?^//. IhcCMtfeis double: The One, for that the i?f/?/?4W(; 
oiBfinexoCtldy is greater than of F/<r//& ; for that the F/ifyJ fhrinlceth, but 
the 5*w* refifteth, whereby the C^/^becommeth more eager: The Other 
is, for that the Teeth arc Parts without Blend, Whereas 5/Whelpcth 
toqualifie the cdd: And therefore we fee, that the Sittaewesurc much 
affc'dedwith Cold-, For that they are Parts without j5/W: So the Baaes 
m Sharpe Colds wax Brittle ; And therefore it hath becne (ecne, that all 
Coniujioiis oi Bones, in Hardffeather, are more difficult to Cure. 

iT hath beene noted, that the Ttf^gw^rccciueth, moreeafily, Tokertso^ 
i^z/e^T/ifi, than the other Parts • As of ^MtJ within, which appeare moft 
inrhe£/<*J'»f/ffofthe Totsgue. Againc, Pied Cattell are fpotted in their 
Tongues^ S>cc. The Caufe is (no doubt,) the Teodernejje of the Part ; which 
thereby receiueth more eafily all ^Iter^tiom , than any other Parts of 
the Flejh. 

VT 7 Hen the Mouth is out o^TaJle, it makcth Things tafte, fometimes 
W S'^^-fy Chiefly Bitter-^ Andfometimes Loathfome.^ But neuer Sweet. 
The Caufe is, the Corrupting o£ the Moifiure about the Toague-^ Which 
many times turneth ^/Vr^r, and Salt^ and Loathfome -, ^m sweet neuer ', 
For the reft are Degrees o{ Corruption. 

ITwasobferued in the Great Plague of the laft Yeare, that there were 
feene, in diuexs Ditches, and low Grtfi>»i/ about Loudon, many Totds^ 
thAthidTiiiles, two or three Inches long, attheleaft: Wherea* Toads 
(vftially) haue no Trf/7watall. Which argueth a great Difpofitionto 
PuirefiRlon inthe Seile, ^nd Aire. It is reported likcwifc, that Roots, 
(fuchas Carrets, and Par/nips,) are more Sweet, and Lufhiotts, in Infe£li- 
ous Yearcs, than in other Ycares. 

VT 7'Ife/'A)'^//4W/fhould with all diligence inquire, what5/»»/>/«Na- 
\^ ture yeeldeth, that haue extreme 5«Aft7f?i»'*/, without any A/*r- j 
dicition^ or Jcrimonj : For they Vndermine that which is Hard; They | 
open that which is Stopped, And Shut ^ and they cxpell that which is [ 
qffenfiue, gently, without too much perturbation. Of this Kinde arc} 
Elder -Blowersy which therefore arc Proper for the Stone: Of this kinde { 


(^cntwj y i i 

isfhe DwArfe-Vtiie-^ which is Proper for the Uaniu$: Of rhikindcis 
H Arts-Home • whicnis Proper tor Ajh^s^ AAdln/eciiotn .- Of rh is k nice is 
i'lffO' , which is Proper for Stoppittos in the Head .- Of this kind is F::mirory. 
I which IS Proper i'oTdv>tSplee»e: And a Number of Others. Gencrallv' 
I diiKTS Creatures bred of Patrifttiloit, chough they be fb.iiewJwr ioicii- 
fb.ue to take, are of tins kinde ^ As EArth'tvormes^ fiMber-Sowes, Sn lihs 
&LC. And I conceiuc, that the Trochifchs oi ripers, (which are fo much 
may,nified,)andcheF/f/6of 5»ijfra Ibmewaics condirecl, andcorreclcd- 
(which of late are growne into fome Credit,) areoFrhe fanv; Nature! 
Sothc Paitsot'lieap Putrified-^ (jxsCaftortum, and Muske,\v\\{c\\ haue ex- 
treme ^'/.-^///i P.jrfj J are to be placed amongil theai. VVe (ec alfothat 
PutrifacUons oi'pl.mtf, (as AgAricke^ and le-wcs-Ean,) jre ofwreatclt V^^er- 
tue.TheCV«»/<ris, for that Putnfsaion is theSubrillcft of ajl Aforww, in 
the PAi'ts of nodtes : And lince we cannot take do'.vne the L/ues of /./»/;;{• 
Creaiurcf^ (whicli fome ot the Paraceljhns fay (tl they cx)uld be taken 
dowiie,) would make vs Immortall. ) the Next is for Sulftiltjini" Oper^ti 
on, to take bodies Putrified-^ Su :h as may be f ifely taken. 

IT hath beciieobferued by the -^«f/w/j, tliat Much Ffe of yenu* dorh 
nimme the Sight ^ And yet Eurmchs^ which are vnable to i^cnerarc arc 
(ncuerthelclTe) alio Dimme Sighted. The Ca^/^e<^f DtmneJJ'eoi' sight ^ in 
the H ormcr, is the Expence of Sptrits : In the L*atter, the Ouer-r»oilt»re of 
ihcBfdine: For the Ouer-meijtttre of the Braitie doth thicken the Spirit) 
ri/uail, and obltrudcth their Pa(!ages j As we fee by the Decay, in the 
Sight, in Age-^ Where alfo the Dimininien of the Spirits concurreth as 
another Ca»fe: wee fee alfothat Blindneffe commcth by Rheumes, and 
CdtaraBs. Now in Eunuchs, there arc all the Notes of Afeifluie ■ As the 
Swellin* of their Thighcs, the Loo(eflc0e of their Belly, the Smooth- 
ne(lc of their Skinne,&c. ^. ' 

The Plea/are in the AS of Venst* is the greateft of the Ple&fufcs of 
xhcsenjesi TheMatchingof it withy/f^is vnpropcr; though that a Kb 
bcPleafingto the touch. But the C^w/rj are Profound. Firft, all the Or- 
^<««Jofthe5'a//?jqualifie the Matims of the Spirits -, And make fo many 
feuerall Spedcs of Afoiions, and Pleajures or Difplesfares thereupon, as 
ihcxi^hcDiuerfities of Origins. The lnfir»inents of Sight, Hearings Tajie, 
andi'OTtfW, arc of feuerall frame; And fo are the Parts for Generation. 
IhQXQfoxzScAltoer doth well, to make the Pleafure of Generation 3. Sixth 
Senfe \ And if there were any other dirilring OrgAns^ and (lualilied Per- 
fo.dtions, for the Sftrits to pafll- ; there wou ic 1 be nwre than i! ic \*iiiv Sen 
(cs : Neith^T doe we well know whether (bme Beajls, and tyi,ds, haue 
not Senfcs that wec know not ; And the very Sertt of riogt^es is almoihi 
Settfchv itfdfQ. Secondly, the Plca/ures of the Touch, are greater am.] 
deeper than thofe of the otliet Settfis- As weelee in/A-4/vy;;/j^ vponC^/^/ 
Or Refriger.itiin vpon Heat: For as the Piinaoftho. Touch, art- greater 
than the 0/f iWfCJof other 5(f«/?f-, So likewife are t|ie Pleafures. It is true, 
\tiutthe AffeFling of th': Spirits ir»mediatd]/^ and (its it were) without an \ 
I ... Or^.in, I 


ill Conforc cou- 
ching f-'Mw. 




0\(atHrall Hi^ory : 



. in Coniort 
touching (he 


C»r^.i«,isofthegrcateft/'/w/;<rf ; Whichisbut iniwo rhmgs : Swui 
Smells-^ And tyirte^And the like SweitTdpours. Tor SifiMs,Wi.c fee their 
great and luddcnEftcd in ferchingMf« againe,whcn they iwoimc-.PoT 
Drinke^iX. iscercain,thatthe pUafure oiDrunhmeJJe^is next thcPliufare 
oirenui : And Great loyes ( IJkewife ) make the Spirits mouejand touch 
themfclues: Andthc/'/M/«reo/rcn«i is (bmewhat ofthe fame Kind. 
It hathbeene alwaies obferiicd, that Menare more inclined to renui 
in the mmer^ and tvomen in the Summer. The Caufe is, for that the Spi- 
rits in aBody more Hoc and dry,(as the Spirits oi'Me» arejby ihesu»i- 
mer are more exhaled, and diflipatcdj And in themnter more conden I 
fed, and kept entire: But in Bodies that are Cold and Moift,( as fremens 
are,)the Summer doth Cheri(h the Spirits^ and callcth them forth 5 the 
IVinter doth dull them.Furthermore, the Abfiinence^ or intermijsion of 
the V[e oirenus, in Moiji indwell Habituate Bodies^ brctdcth a Number 
oiDifeafes-j Andefpeciall dangerous Impoftumatiens. The Rcafon is 
euident ; For that it is a Principall£«4f«<r«o«,efpecially of the Spirits : 
For of the Spirits jihcre is fcarcc any Euacuation, but in rf««j,and Exer- 
^//f. And therefore the 0»;//|»o« of either of them, brccdcth all Difeafes 
o( Repletion, 

The Nature of Vit^fication is very worthy ihc Enquiry: 

And as the Natureoi TbingSy is commonly better pcrcciucd, 

in Smalljthan in Great ; and in vnpcrfcdl,thaninpcrfcd ; and 

in Parts, than in whole; So the Nature of Viuification ts bcft 

enquired in Cr^4<ttr<fx btcdoi Putrefaction. The Contemplation 

whereof hath many Excellent Fruits. Firft, in Difclqfing the 0- 

riginalloi Viuification. Secondly, in Difclofini the Originall ol 

Figuration, ThirdIy,inD//f^/«^ many Things in the Nature 

oiPerfeBCreatureSi which in them \yc more hidden. And 

Fourthly, inTraducing^ by way of Operation^ lamcOhJeruati- 

ejwjinihe Jnfe^a, to workc EffeSls vpon Perje6i Creatures. 

Note that the word 7»/^^4, agrecthnot with the Matter, but 

we eucr vfe it for Brcuitics fake, intending by it Creatures bred 

oj Putrefaction 

The Infecia are found to breed out of feucrall Matters : Some breed 
oTMud or D««g •, As the Earth-tvormes^ Eeles, Snakes ^Scc. Tot they arc 
both PmrefaBions: For Pterin Mud doth Putrifie, as notable to Pre- 
ieruc itfelfe: AndfoT DmjiiytWExcrementsaTetheRefufe andPutrefaHi- 
ons o^Nounfhment.Somc breed in pfoodjbozh Growing,and Cut down. 
^<efe in what rvoodsmoikyand at whatSeafons? We iee that thifferms 
with m.inyFeet,which round themfeIuesintoBalls,arebrcd chiefly vn- 
dcxLojfS of Tmkr ,buc not in thcTimber, And they are faid to be found 
alfo,(many times, ) in Gardens^ where no Le^s are.But it feemeth their 


Century. V i 1. 

GenennioH requircth a Couerttire^ boch trom Sunne^2Ui\ Ruine, or £)fip . 
As the T/zw/'fr is. And thertbre rhcy are not^^«oMom,bLit(comranwile) 
are held by the Phyjitian's to c\&n'a<i the is obferiu'd alforhatCy". 
! »//Vf/ are tbiind in the Holes of Bed-jides.Som^: breed in the HMre oiLi- 
mn\r Creatures j As Lice:, and Tikes ; which arc bred by the Svcc>Jtc\oik 
kepr,uid lomewhat arefied by thcH^iire.'^hcExrremcntsoi'LtuifigCrej' 
tuns^doc not only breed JnfeSfa^when they arc Excemed^but alio while 
they are in the Bffdy^ As in w?rww,vvhereto Children arc molt (iibicd, 
and arc chicHy in the Guts. And it hath bccne lately obfcriicd by Phrji- 
1 1, mx in many PclijIcntDifeafesythere are fvormt s iound in the vppcr 
Parts ot the Body, where Excrements atc nor, but only Humours Purrj- 
Jied. flcjs breed principally of Str^rv or Afjts^whctQ there hath beene a 
little MoiJlurc-jOr the chumi/erAtid Bed-Straw kept dole and not Aired. 
It is rccciucd tliat they arc killed by Strewing wor;tff77'o«/ in the Rooms. 
And it is truly ob(crued,that BitterThings arc apr,rarhcr to kil ,rhan en- 
gender PinrifiHioH-, And they be things that arc Put or S^ve^t^ that are 
aptcll to/»^rr/ffV.There is a^f'orwfjthat brecdcth inMe.dcpi the Oiapc of 
a l.irge whire^./g^ff, which is giuen as a great Dainty to Nlghtingaks. 
The Afoutb brecdedi vpon c/<*t/;jand other LJuijices j Efpccially it they 
be laid vpdankillijand wct.It dclightcthtobe about thcF/</weofaCVj«- 
I c^/f.Tlierc is a fvormecAlkd a^yeui//,bred vnderGround^and chat feedcth 
vpon Roots J As pjrptfpSyCarretSy&cc. Some breed in kyiiters, efpccially 
fliaiicdjbut they mud be Standing-waters-^l^'i thawater-Spider ji\\uhdLt\\ 
fix Lcgs.Thc/'/y called the c?,7^-j^,brccdcth of fomewhat that Swim 
meth vpon the Top of the Water, and is moft about Ponds. There is a 
w?rwf that brecdcth of the Dre^s of mne Decayed j which afterwards, 
(as is obferued by Ibme of the ^af/V«rjr)turneth into a Gnat. It hath bin 
obferucd by the^«f /o/f/,that there is a tvorme that breedcs in old Snow^ 
and is of Colour Reddifh, and dull of Motion, and dieih foone after it 
commeth out of .T^oir. Which fhould fhew,that 5«<>Tr hath in it a fecret 
Warmth-^ For elfe it could hardly Viuifie. And the Reafon of the Hying 
ohhc ivormc, mzy be the iuddcn Exhaling of that little Spirit, as Ibonc 
as itcomtiicth out of the Cold, which had fliut it in. For as Butter- flies 
quicken with Heat, which were bcnummcd with Cold ; So Spirits may 
exhale with Hot, 'w\\ic\\ were Preferued in Cold. It is affirmed both by 
Ancient and Moderne Obferuation, that in Furnaces oi' Copper, and BraJJe, 
whercr/.'.//r/>rx. (which kritrioll.)k often cafl in,to mend the working, 
there riibth fudd.nlya Fi^',which fomctimes moucrh,as if it tookehold 
on rhc walls of fhc Fuin.icc •, Sometimes is feenemouingin the p^'rehe- 1 
low- And dieth prcfcntly, as foone as it is oiit of the FMrnace.yVh'ich is I 
a Noble injljnce,xrid worthy robe wcighed^foritfhewech that as well j 
Violent Heat of F/>-e,as t\\{:Gentle Heat oi Li uing C/Mr«rf/,willViuific,if | 
it haue matter Proportionable.Now the great Axiome of nuificition is, 
that there muft be Heat to dilate the Spirit of the Body-, An Afiiue Spirit 
to be dilated; Matter i^ifcoiuot Ten.icioifs,to hold in the5^;>/f,And that 
M.itter to he put forth and Figured. Now a 5^/r/V dilated by fo ardent a 


1 lyi 




f/rf,asthatotthe F«m?ftf, as (oone as cuer itcoolcth ntiur loiittlc, 
congcalcth prcft-ncly. And (no doubt) this AHion is iurilicrcL! by thc- 
Ckdcites, which hath a Spirit, that will put torch and gcrminarc, as we 
fee in c/;^w/w;yTrialls.Briefly,moft Things Putrifiedbi'Migionh infcBa 
o[ leiicrall Names •, But we will not take vpon vs now, tw Enumerate 
them all. 

The infSd haue beene noted by the Anc'ttms^to feed little : But this 
hath not beene dil^ently obferued j For Grafboppers cat vp the Greene 
of whole Comtries j And Silke-roormes deuourc leaues fwiftly j And 
Ants make great is truc,tharC>Y^t«yf j,that Sleep and reft 
muchjEat little ; A$ Dermife^ind Bats^^c.Thcy are all without Bhud: 
Which maybe, for that the /«jfcf of their Bodies ^is almoft all one j Not 
Blond,A.nd Flefljy^nd skii*,Aad Bom^^s in PerfeB Creatures-^ The Integrdl 
Pjrts haue Extreme Varietie,but the SimiUr Farts little. It is truCjthat 
they haue, (fome of xhQm^)a.Diaphra^me^Siwd an Intejiine j And they 
haucall skins ; Which in moft of the JfifeBa are caft often. They are 
not (generally) oiLonir Life : Yet Bees haue beene knowne to line leuen 
ycares: And ^«4Marcthought,the rather for the Cajling of their SpoiU, 
to liue till they be Old : And £c/ei, which many times breed of Putri- 
f:Bio»,will Hue and grow very long: And thofc that Enterchange from 
ivermes to Flyes in the SH/nmer, and from Flies to ivormes in the winter^ 
haue beene kept in Boxes foure years at the leaft. Yet there arc cerraine 
f /;V/,that are called Ephemera jdi&z liue but a day .The Caiffeis,thc Exi- 
lity of the Spirit-yOx perhaps the Abfencc of the Sunne-^ For that if they 
were brought in, or kept clofe, they might liue longer. Many of the /«- 
feBuy (as Butterflies ^and other FlieSy) reuiueeafily, when they feeme 
deed, being brought to the 5««w, or f/V*. The Ci/«/f whereof is, the 
Dijfufion of the ritall Spirit, and the Eajie Dilating of it by a little 
They ftirre a good while after their Heads are oft,or that they be cut in 
Peeccs -y which is caufed alfo, for that their ^/w//^;>/mx are morcdif- 
fufcd thorow-out all their Parts, and lefle confined to Organs, than in 
■ PerfeB Creatures. 

I The InfeBa haue Voluntary Motion, and therefore Imagination j And 
whereas fome of the Ancients haue faid that their Motion is Indetermi- 
nate, and their Inuginatiou Indefinite, it is negligently obferued ,• For 
ANts goe rightly forwards to their Hills j And Bees doe (admirably) 
1 know the way, from a Flowry Heath, two or three Miles off, to rheir 
Hiues. It may be CF«tff /, and f /;>/, haue their /w?j^/«<?f/o« more muta 
ble and giddy, as5w^//£/Vc/jlikewifehauc. It is laid by feme of the 
Ancients, that they haue onely the Senfe o( Feeling ; which is manifcflly 
vntrue: Fer if they goe forth-right to a Place, they muft needs haue 
Sight :Befides they delight more in oneF/«n'f r,or//fr^,than in another, 
and therefore haue Tajie. hnd flees are called with Sound vpon Brajfc, 
and therefore they haue Hearing:YJhich fheweth likewife that though 
their Spirithc diffufed, yet there is a seat of their Sen fes in their Head. 
Orwr Obfcruations concerningthe in(e&i,togetherwith f /7f Enumera- 

(^enturj. Vil. 


Hon of them^werefeyrc to that Place ^ v:herc tree mane to handle the Title of 
Animal's inge/teruU. ' 

A Man LeapethhctTei with ffeights, in his Hands ^ than without. The 
Caufe isjtor that the freight, (it'it be proportionable,) ftrengtheneth 
the^/«nrfj,by ContraHin^thcm. Forothcrwifc, where no C«ntraBion is 
nccdfulljWf/j^khindercth. As we(Qc'mHorfe-Kaces, v^/f^ are curious to 
fore- fee, that there be not the Icaft iveight, vpon the one Horfe^morc than 
vpon the other. In Li\ipi»^^ with Weights^ the^rwf/arefirft callback- 
wards, and then forwards ,\vith fo mucli the greater Force : For the Ha>kit 
goe backward before they take their Railc. ,^,e)-e^ if the contrary Motion 
of the Spirits, immediately before the Motion wee intend,doth not caufe 
the Sprits, as it were, to brcakc forth with more Force : As Breath alfo 
drawenjandkcptin, commeth forth more forcibly : And in Ca(lin^ of 
any T/^/wgjthe Armes^ to make a greater Swing, are firll caft backward. 

OV MuficaUTonts, and VnupaU- Sounds, wee haue fpokcn before j 
But touching the r Icifure, dnd Dijf'lc.ifureoi' the Scnjes, notfo fully. 
HarP^ Sounds, asofa5.Jir, when it is rtiarpcned-, Grifidi>gof one Stone 
agamd: another j Sqi'.c.iking,or Skriching Noifc ■, make a Shtueri/ig or Hor- 
rour in the I^ody, and fet the Teeth on edge. The Caufe is, for that the Oh- 
icBs of the Earc, doe affc;^ the Spirits (immediately) moft with Pleafure 
and Offence. We fee, there is no Colour that affefteth the Eye much with 
Di(\)leafure : There be J";);/'/ J, that are //</m^/f, becaufcthey excite the 
Aiemo ry of Things that arc O diouf,ox Fearful!-^ But the fame Things Pain- 
ted doe little atfc'rt. As for Smeils,fafies,a.n(S Touches, xhty be Things that 
doe iffc A, hy a. Participation, or Impuljlon of the Body, of the Ol^ieFi. So it 
is Sound alone, thatdoth immediately, and incorporeal ly, afFcdmoft : 
This is moft miinifcft in Mujicke-^ and Concords and Difcords in Mitficke : \ 
For all 5'(?///7^.r, whether they be fharpc, or Flat, if th6y be Sweet, h<iuea 
RoundncfTe &ndE/jualitie.^ And if they bee Harfn, arc Tnequaff: For a 
Difcordiz fblfe isbut a HarPmrff'^o^ Diuers Sounds Meeting. It is true, 
that Incijuality^ not Stayed vpon, but PalTing, is rather an Encreale of 
Srreetnejfe -y As'mthc Purling oC iff reathed String-^ And in the Raucitie 
odTrufnpet', And in the Nightinghalc-Pipe oi a Regatl ;^ And in a Dif-' 
cord (Iraight falling vpon a Concord : But i f you f tay vpon it,it is OjfenjiuC'^ 
And therefore, there be thc/c three Decrees of pleafng and Difjtlcajing in 
Soundf ; Sweet Sounds-^ Difcords ; and HarPj Sounds, v:\\\ch.yreeca.\\by 
diuers Names, as skriching,oi crating, fuch as we now fpeake of. As for 
l\\Q Scttingo{ x\\e Teeth on Edge, we fee plainly, what an Inter- 
courfe there is, between the Teeth, and the Organoi the 
Hearings by the Taking of the End of a Bow^ 
betwecne the Teeth, and Striking 

vpon the String. 9 


Solitary tou* 


Solitary tou- 
clung the P/m- 
(ittei, and D-.f- 
fleafutci of the 
Sexfti, efpeci- 
ally of Htariug, 





VIII. Century. 

Hcxebe Mi mrals^and Fo/itesjn great Varic- 
tic; But o( remes o{ Earth MtMcinall^ but 
few 5 The chicfc arc, Tirra Lemnui^ Terra 
SinjlUta communis, and Bolm Artninui : 
VV hereof TtrrA Lanma. is the Chieic. The 
VcrtttesoU them arc, iQxCimn^o'ivvounAs, 
Stanching qH Bloud.^ Stopping ot Fluxes and 
Rheumes, and Aneliinv the Spreading of 
Poyfon, lnfeBion,3il\d Putripriio/;: Avdihcy 
hauCjofall other .y/;w/>/e/,thcPtrie(fteft and 
lhuc[\ O^d'ty orD/7/>^^,with Uttlc or no Mixture of any other xi;^///y;. 
Yet it IS nuc,th.)tihc hi>lc-.'lrnnnickc is the (noil Cou/o'. them- And that 
Term Limm.ihi^^' moi\ Hot -^ For which Caiiie, the llUud Lemvos^ 
where it is digged,was in the Old Fahidom ^^f jconlecraied lOFdun. 


Solitary cou- 
ching Vanti 
oi MedUiriaU 


Solitary tou- 

A Bout r!ie bottome of the straights arc gathered great (^amities 
. of Spofiges;ff\\ich arc gatherecf from the (ides of A'o; /'a,bcnig as it j,^^, ,„^. 
\rc're .1 large^ but rough Mojje. It is the more to be noted , becanle tliac Cnmih ot 
there bebut ^■c\vS'ib^Jf:ccs,PUfit-like,x\\2.: grow deep within ili^ .9^.;- For ^>''^"" 
thev arc g.'.thered fomctimes fifteen Fathom dcepj Ar.< 1 wh;. n they are j 



\ Experiment 
I Sojictiy tou- 
ching Se.'i'fijh, 
put in Frifi) 


^]\(aturall Hisl'cry: 


Sclitaiy tou- 
ching ^/i/ufli- 
M by Similitude 
of SubfitmcC' 

Solitary tou- 
ching ceruine 


laid on Shore, they fcenic co be ot great Buikc j Bucciiilhcd togcchcr, 
will be tranfportcd in a very fmall Roomc. 

IT feemeth, that F//ib, that are vfcd to the Sah-pyater^ doc neuerthe- 
leflc delight more in Frelh, We fee, that Salmons^ and Smdts ^\ov\c to 
get into Riucrs^ though it be againft the streame. At the Hautn of Con- 
jtantimpk, you fnall haue great j^mities of Fifh that come from the 
Euxine Sea-^ that when they come mto the Frejii water ^do inebriate and 
turne vp theiriJ J/;>/jSo as you may take them with your Hand. I doubt 
1 there hath not been Iiifficient Experiment made of Putting Sea'Ftfh into I 
I Frtfh-fyjter, Ponds^ and Pooles. h is a thing of great VfCjand Plealiirc : 
For fo you may haue them new at fome good diftance from the Sea : 
And beiides, it may be, the Ft^ will eat the pleafantcr^and may tall to 
breed , Andit is faid, that CoUheJler Oyfiers^ which are put into Pits, 
where the Sea goeth and commeth (but yet (o, that there is a Frejh-fva- 
tcr alibcomming tothem, when the Sea voidcth,) become by that 
mcanes Fatter^ and more Grownc. 

THc Turkilb-Bew giueth a very Forcible sheot ^ Infomuchas it hath 
bin known,that the Arrsrp hath pierced a steeleTarget, or a Peece 
of Brajfe ohwo Inches thicke : But that which is more {trange,the Ar- 
row^ it it be Headed with wood^ hath beene knowne to pierce thorow a 
Peece o£fyood, of eight Inches thicke. And it is certaine, that we had 
in vfe at one time, for Sea-Fijht^ fhort Arrowes^ which they called 
5^fi|;i'f/j without any other Heads, faue ffW iTiarpned ; which were 
ditcharged out of Mmkets^ and would pierce thorow the fides of ships, 
where a Bullet would not pierce. But this dependeth vpon one of the 
greateft Secrets in all Nature-, Which is,that Similitude oiSttbftance will 
c&Xiic AttraBioH, where the Body is wholly freed from the Atotiono\ 
Grauity : For if that were taken aw^y, Lead would draw Lead^^ud Gold \ 
would draw Gold, and Iron would draw Iron, without the hclpc of the 
Load-Stone. hut this fame Motion offveioht or Grauityi^hich is a meere 
Motion of the Matter, andhathnoAtfinity withihe for/wf or Kinde,) 
doth kill the other iW(?t/*«,except it felfe be killed by a violent Motion-^ 
As in thetc Inflances ofArrowes • For then the Motion of AttraSionby 
Similitude of Subftance, beginneth to fliew it felfe. But we fhall handle 
this Point of Nature fully in due Place. 

THey haue in Turkey^ and the Eafi, certaine Conftaions, which they } 
call Seruets, whicharC like to CandiedConferuts 5 And are made oi | 
Sugar and Limons, or Sugar and Citrons, ox Sugar and riolcts, and fome 
other Plowers; And fomc Mixture of ^;«^fr tor the more delicate Pcr- 
fons ; And rhoTc they diflblue in Water, Md thereof make their Drinke^ 
bccaule they are forbidden »*'i«f by the Law. But I doc much marucll, 
that no £ngltjhpian,or Dutchman,ox Cerman,doth. fet vp Brewing in Con- 
Jimtinode -, Confidering they haue fuch Quantity of Barley. For as for 


- ^ 

Century, V 1 1 1. 


, the |,cnerall Sort of iVlf«,FrL)gafi:y mxybGzhtCaufeo^DrinkwgWjttr-^ 
• For that it is no fmall Sauingj to pay nothing for ones D/vwjC'f/Biit the 
bc-ttcT Sort mought well be at the Coll. And yet I wonder thelcffc at it, 
ibccaiife I fee Fr^Mce^ It-^^y-, o^ Sp.iine^ banc not taken into vfe, Beere^ or 
! Alc-\N\uc\i (perhaps) it they did,wonld better ooth their HcaltliSjand 
j their Complexions. It is likely it would be Matter of great Gaine to 
! any , that fiiould begin it in Turkey. 

IHBr.thiiig in Hot ffatcr^ Sweat (neucrtheleffe) conimethnotinthe 
Pjrts vnder ihcivuter. The Caufe is j Firll, for that Sweat isa Kind ot 
I Colliqttation. And that Kind of CelUqumon is not made, cither bv an 
\0:ter-Dry Heat^ox^n Ouer-Moifi Heat. For Ouer-Moijiure ^Xoihio^c- 
whac extinguilh the HMt j As we fee that euen Hot ^jftr quencheth 
Fire: And Oucr-Dry HeJt lliutteth the Peres : And therefore Men will 
fooner Jjpf.?? coucrcd before xhcSunne ox Fire ^ than if they ftood Na- 
ked^ And Earthen Bottles, ^\Wd with Hot fyatcr,(ioc prouoke Jn Bed, a 
5rrf.if mure daintily, than ^r/V/t-/'Jt/ //Of. Secondly, Mot tvater doch 
caiife Euaporation from the Skin j So as it fpendeth the Matter,in thofe 
Parts vnder the ty.ner^ before it iflueth in ^H>wf, Againe, 5^.?^ com- 
mcih more plentifully, if the Heat be increafed by Degrees, than if it be 
j greateft at Hrft,or equall.The Caufe is,for that the Peres are better ope- 
I nedby a Gentle, than by a more riolent-^ And by their opening, the 
5jpfj( ilTiicth more abundantly. And therefore phyftiam may doe well 
when they prouokc Sweat in Bed, by Bottles,wkh a DecoBion oisuderi- 
ficke Herbs inHot irater, to make iwoDegrees oiHeat in the Bottles^ And 
to lay in the Bed,che Icjfe Heated firft,and after halfe an hourc the more 

Sweat is Salt in Tafl:e-,The Caufe is/or that,that Part of the NOmifh- 
ment, which is Frejl} and Sxfeet, turneth into Bloud^ imd Fkfh ; And the 
Sweat is only that Part which is Separate and Excerned. BbudiKo Raw, 
hath fomc S ah nejj'e, mote than Fulh; becaufe the Aifimilation into Flelh, 
is not without a little and fubtile Excretion from the Blond. 

Sweat commeth forth more out of the ypper Parts of the Body, than 
the Lowcr{lh,c Reafon is, becaufe thofe Parts ak morcrepjenifhcd with 
Spirits- And the Spirits arc they that put forth ^wwf/Befides, they are 
lefrcF/f/l7/f,and5jrwttiructh (chiefly) out of the Parts that are IcflTe 
Flcfljie,siiK\ more Dric j As the Fore-head, and Breajl. 

Men more in Sleepe than Waking ; And yet sleepe doth rather 
ft.iy other Fluxions, than caufe them 3 As Rheumes, LoofeneJJ'e of the 
Bo 'ij,Scc. The Caufe is, for thatini7fef)f,thc//Mf and5/;z>/rj doenani- 
rally moue inwards, ahd there reft. But when they are colletfled once 
within, th-' }fe it becommcth more Violent, and Irritate; And thereby 
expelleth Sweat. 

\ Cold Sweat szxQ(nxinyt\mQ%)Mertall,zr\<ir\?txe Death-, Aridaiwayes 
j ■'//,and Sufj-cBcd-, As in Great Feares,Hypecbondriac.ill Papo»s,&cc. The 
■ Ca/if is, for that Cold Swats come by a Relaxation or Forfakine^ of the 

Q^2_^^ l^£ijyts. 


in Conlort, 
touching iirwJ 






U\(aturaU H'Mor) : 




SoUcaty tou- 
ching [he Gla- 



in Conforc, 
touching ihc 

which the Paf- 
Minde mike 
Vponthe B$dj, 




Spirits,whcTeby the Moijiure oi the liody , which //<yr did kccpc finne 
in the P^ms, fenereth, and ifllieth out. 

Inthofc Difeafis which cannot be difcharged by Sweat, Sivcjt isil], 
and rather to be ftayed ; AsinDJ/l'tf/fjofthe Lungs, and /^/«xf j of the 
AeUj', But in thofeDi/Mye/j which arc expelled by .Sjpfrtf, itcalethand 
lightneth ; As in ^^ues, Pefiilences^ Sec. The Caujh is, for that Sweat in 
the latter Sort is partly Critically and fendcth forth \\\q Matter thatof- 
fendeth -, But in the Former, it either proceedeth from the Z^^e«r of 
the Spirits, v/hida. fheweth them Oppreffed. Or from Motion oiconfettt, 
when A'dtare not able to expell the D//e^/f, where it is featcd, moueih 
to an £ jcpulfion indifferent ouer ail the Body. 

T He Nature o( the Glo-werme is hitherto not well obferued. Thus 
much we fee •, That they breed chiefly in the Hettejl Moneths oi 
Summer; And that they breed not in champaigne,bm in BuPjcs and Hed- 
ges. Whereby it may be conceiued, that the spirit of them is very fine, 
and not to be refined but by Summer Heats : And againe, that by rcafon 
of the Finencffejit doth eafily exhale. In Italy, and the Hotter Countries, 
there is a Flie they call L«rf io/f ,that fhineth as the olo-werme dothj And 
it may be is the flying clo-worme. But that Fly is chiefly vpon Fens,md 
Marrifhes. But yet the two former Obferuations hold j For they are not 
(eenebutinthe//Mtof 5««»»?er J hnd Sedge, and other Greene of the 
Few/jgiue as good Shadc,as Bujhes.lx. may be the clo-wormes of the Cold 
Countries ripen not fo farre as to be winged. 

THe Pajfons of the Minde, worke vpon the Body the h/ipreffions fol- 
lowing. Feare caukthPaleneJJ'e', Trembling , The Standingof the 
Haire vpri^t • Starting ; and Skritching. The PaXenejfe is caufed, for that 
the £/(?«^ runneth inward, to (uccour the Heart. TheTremblingiscau- 
fed, for that through the Flight of the spirits inward,the Outward Parts 
are deftitutcd,and not fiiftamed. Standing rpright ohheHaire is caufed, 
for that by the shuttingof the Pores o( the skin, the T/j/re that licth a 
floape,muft needs Riic.Startingis both an ^pprehenjion ot the Thing fea- 
red; (Andjin that Kinde,it h a Motion o{ shrinking • ) Andlikewifean 
Inqui[ition, in the beginning, what the Matter fhould be ; ( A nd in that 
kindc it is a Motion of EreRion ; ) And therefore when a Man would li- 
ft en fuddcnly to any Thing, he Starteth ; For the starting is an EreBion 
of the Spirits toattend. skritching is an Appetiteoi' Expellingihsit which 
fuddenly ftriketh the spirits : For it muft be noted, that many Motions 
though they be vnprofitable to expellthat which hurteth, yet they arc 
» O^ers of Nature, and caufe Motions by Confent-, As in Groaning,OT Crying 
vpon Paine. 

Griefe and Paine czufe sighinir ', Sobbing; Groaning; Screaming; and 
Roaring ; Teares • Diftorting of tne Fare; Grindingohhc Teeth;Sweatirtg. 
Siting is caufed by the drawing in of a greater ^mntity of Breath to re- 
frefti tne Heart that laboureth : like a great Draught when one is thirfty . 


Century, V I i 1, 


j Sobbing is the fame Thing ftrongcr. Groaning^ and Scrc^ming^ iudkou- 
i ring^ arc dufed by any^ppetite ot Expuljion^z^ liath beenc laid;For when 
' the spiiitf cannoc expeli the Thing that hurteth, in their ftrife to do ir, 
; by Motion oiConfcrit^ they expcll the rc/Vf. And this isjwhen the spirits 
yccld, and giue oucr to rclift \ For if one doc conltantly refift rame^hc 
will no: groanc. Teares arc caufcdby zCentrMionoi the Spirits ot 
i\\c Dmine J. Which ContraBion by conlequencc allnngeth the Motjiure 
j of the Jlr.ii»e • and thereby fendcih Teares into the Eyes. And this Con- 
j t'\itHo?t^ or ComprcQion caufcth allo/rr/^e^/wj^of the //Wx j For wviW- 
\}fjghaGeJl»reoi ExprcjjionyOfMoiJlure. Tin- DiJiorti-/ig of the Fjcei^ 
jca.ilcdbya Co/vw/t/owjhrlttobcarand rcfill^and then tocxpcll.VVhich 
in.ikcth the Parts knit firlt, and. afterwards open. Grindingofthc Teeth 
{ is caufcd(hkc\viie)by a G^ithcringind Serri»go( the spirits together to 
Ircfilt J Which makcththcrftt/j al(b to fet hard one againft another. 
i Sweating is alfo a Compomd Motion by the Labour of the Sprits^ firft to 
I refill, and ih'.n CO expel!. 

i loy caiilcch a Che.irefulneJfejAnd rigour in the Eyes^ Singing:^ Leaping-^ 
Dancing • And ibmctimcs Teares. !K\i thcfc are the EJfeBs of the Dilata- 
tion^ and Co/;/;;;/tf^ torch of the J^im/intothcO«fH'jr^?jrfi • Which 
luaketh (h.-m more Liuelyy and Stirring. We know it hath beenc fccne, 
I hiXS:.\r.'jji:'cjWdcn Joy, hAth caiifed Prefent Death^whWc the Spirits did 
' fpreat{|jm!icli,asthcycould not retire againc. As forrwrr/, thcyare 
the Ert'cdts ot Cowprejsionox x\\c Moifture of the Braine^ vpon Dilatation 
of the Spirits. For Cowprepon of the 5p/n>j worketh an Exprefjion of the 
Moijlure of the Uriine^by Confent,as hath b<'ene faid in Grnfe.But then 
in /oj', it worketh it diuerfly ^ -y/z. by Prepulfion of the Moijlure^ when 
the ^y)/nV f dilate, and occupy more Roome. 

-r^//go-caufcthi'j/f»(?//ein fome, and the Goingznd Commi/tgof the 
Colour in OlhcTS : A\(o Trembling'miomc -^ Swelling j Foaminvdt the 
Mouth ; Stamping-^ Bending of the Fifl, Palencjfe^ and Goings and Cow- 
w/«jrofthcro/o«r, arccaufcd by the 5«r«/«^ of the 5/im/ about the 
Heart j Whicli to refrelh themlelucs call in more spirits iiom the Out- 
ward Parts. And if the Palenejfe be alone, without Sendingforth the Co- 
lour againCjit is commonly ioyncd with fomc Feare • But in many there 
isno;'j/rMr//>atail, but contrariwife/!e^«(?j/> about the cheekes^ and' 
Gils J Which is by the Sending forth of the Spirits in an appetite to Re- 
titnge. Trembling in Angsr is likcwife by a Calling in of the Spirits ; And 
is commonly, when ^;;j^f/ is ioyned «vith Feare, Swilling h catifcdjboth 
by a Dilit :tio'to[' the Spiritsby Ouer-Heating^ and by a Lijuefjclion or 
/Jor'//'^ of the //;w;o«rf thereupon. Foaming At the -i^o.vrl; is from thi- 
fame Ovf^, being an £ia///f/o«. Stamping^und Bendingof the F/jl^ arc 
caufcd by an /w 7(r;«jr/o/i.of the jlB ofReucnge. 

Light bifplcufurc or DifliLe, caufcth shaking of the Head j Frowning, 

and knittin'i^ of the ^rorr f .Thcfc £j^( ff/ a rife from the fame Tdw/tx that 

Tremblirf^, and Honour doC; Namely^ from the Retiring of the Spirits, 

, but in a 1 jTc degree. For the shaking oi the Head is but a Slow and 

( 0^3^ Definite 





[J\(auirall HiUory : 





-J 11 

DcfiniteTremhliiig', And is a (7i;//«re ot i/;^k Rtpifdl: And wc Icc alio, [ 
thataD//Z/7'ccau(e[h(ofcc-D) that Gejitire of the //^/W, which wcvfc 
when we rcfiifc a Thing, or warnc ic away. The Frovpnin^ and Knitting J 
ofche^rojpf/, is a. G either ingot S erring of the Spirits^ rorcfi/linfomej 
Mealiire. And wc fee allo,this A'w/Vww^ ttf the ^ri'ivf/, will follow vpon 
earned studying^ or Cogitation of any Thing, though it be without 

shame civiCethBlufhiMg; AndCjJling downe of the Eyes. Blujhifigis 
tbcRefirtoi' BloitdiothcFace; Which in the Pjjfion oi slmne is the 
Part that laboureth moft. And although the Blufhing will be feen in the ) 
whole Breajiy if it be Naked, yet thatisbutinPaiFage totheF^ro'. 
As for the C<z//»g c/oip^e of the Eyes, it proccedcth of the Reuerences 
Man beareth to other Men j Whereby ,when he is ai"hamcd,hc cannot 
endure to looke firmely vpon Others : And wc fee ih&t Blafhi/fg^ and 
the Cafiing dewne of the Eyes both , are niorc when we come before Ma- 
ny ; Ore Pompetj^qHidmtllitts^ N flurihus eruhiiit: ?it\d 
I ikcwife when we come before Great, or Reuerend Per fans. 

P/fj'caufcth fometimes Tenres j And a Flexion ox Cajl of the Eye 
ajide. Teares come from the fame Caufe that they doe in Griefe j for Pity 
I isbutGnV/finanothersBehalfe. The Cafi oi the Eye is a Gejlure of 
^«fr/?o», or. Z,wWj/f to behold the OkieBofpity. 

^^oWfr caufeth ^Jiomfhmenty or an Jmmot*eabk Pojiure of the Body • 
Cafiing vp of the Eyes tp Heauen^knd Lifting vp of the Hands. Vox Ajto- 
nijhment^yt is caufed by iheFixing of the Minde vpon one ObicSi of Cogi- 
tation, whereby it doth not fpatiate and tranfcurre, as it v (eth : For in 
tronder the Spirits flie not, as in Feare ; But oncly (cttle, and are made 
leflc apt to moue. As for the Cafiing vp of the Eyes, and Lifting vp ot 
the Hands, it is a Kinde o^Afpeale to the Deity ; Which is the Author 
by Power, and Prouidcnce, of Strange Winders. 

LaughingC3iu(etha Dilatation of the Month, and Lip ^ A Continued 

Expitl[i0n of the Breath, with the loud ;Vo;/^, which m.akcth the Inter- 

ieBion of Laughing -, Shakingohhe Breafi,atid Sides ; Running of the Lies 

with pyater, if it be Violent, and Contirjned. Wherein firft iris to bee 

vnderftood,. that Lw^fc/w^ is fcaree (properly) aPalfton, but hath his 

Source frova the JntelleB •, For in L^wg^/wg there euer precedcth a Cor.~ 

ceit of fomcwhat R idiculotu. And therefore it is Proper to M.m.SccoU' 

ly , that the dnf of Laughing is bur a Light Touch of the Spirits aVid not 

fo dcepe an /»;prf ([to« as in other P^/^owi-. And ihtrcfore (that which 

harh no Afji>jity with the Paifions of the Minde) it is mouedjand that in 

great vehcmcncy, only by Tickling fome parts of the Body: And we fee 

that Men enenin a. Grieued State of Minde, yet cannot (bmetimes for- 

bcarc Lauding. Thirdly,it is euer ioyned with fome Degree of Delight : 

And therefore ExhilarAtion hath fome -,^J?«/y with loy, though it be a 

much Lighter Motion : Res feucraefi verumGa-zdium. toimhly ^thaiihc 

ObieBofit is Deformity, Abfurdity,ShrcwdTurnes,znd the like. Now co 

fpeakeoftheC<i«/f/ofthe£j^Sj before mentioned, whereuntothcfe 


Century, V 1 1 L 


QeaeraU Notes ^Mc (omt Light. Vox the Dictation oi ihcMfia(h:indLm, ] 
Ceniinucd Expatftoit of the Breath and Voice ^ and Shsking of the Brtfi and 
Stdti^ they ^u jceed(all) from the DiUtation of the Spirits • Efpecially be- 
ing Sudden. So likewife, the ^»«»/»^ of the £7^; withTyMer, (as hath 
becnir fonui rly touched, where wc fpakcof the Teares of /f/ and Grief e.) 
is an Erfcd ot DtUtttiM of the Spirits. And for Sudicnntfjc^ it is agrcat 
P4rf of the MMtr : For wc fee, that any Shrew'd Tome that lif;hreth vp- 
on Ar.othcr ^ Or any Deformitie^ Sec. moucth Laughter in the Inttant ■ 
W'hicli atrcra little time it doth not. So wc cannot Lju^hen any Thjncf 
after it IS Stile^ but whileft itis New : Andcuen in Tickliit^^ n you Tickle 
theJ/^ff, and giue warnings Or giue a. Hard ox CMtiooedTeuch, itdoth 
not moue Laughter fo much. 

Z-ai? caufcth a Flagramie in the £;« ; and Pri-ipifme. The C4«i/r of both 
thcfc is, for that in L»ff, the 5"/^^*, and the TeHch, arc the Things delircd ; 
And therefore the i'/'/V»>/ rcfort to thofe parts, which are molt atfc^fted. 
And note well in gcnerallj (For that great Vfe maybe made of the 0^- 
(eruntion,)xhM (cucrmore) the Sftrits^ in ail Pa^ifnsy rcfort moll to the 
F.irts, thiit labour molt, orarcmoltalfedcd. As inihelaft, whichhath 
beene mentioned, they rcfort to the Ejtes, and yenereetu Parts : In Feare, 
and ^ngo-y to the Heart : In Shawte to the F^r^ ; And in Light dijlikes to 
the Head. 

IT hathbeencobfcrucd by the Ancients^ andisyetbelecucd, that the 
Spcrmeoi Drunken Men is Vttfrmtfmlt. The Ca»/e is, for that it is Ouer- 
matjhnedf and wantcth Spifitude. And wee haue a merry Saying, that 
thev that goe Drunke to 5r<i, get Daughters. 

bruukcn Men are taken with « plaine Defeat , or Dejlitutiou in yoluntarj 
\Metien. ThcyRcele; They tremble j They cannot ftand, nor fpeakc 
(trongly. TheCd*/^ is, for that the i/irrtj of the mne^ opprcHc thei'/>r- 
rits Animail^ and occupate Part of the Place, where they are , And ^o 
make them Wcake to moue. And therefore I>rK»jlr^«yi/^« are apt to fall 
afleepe : And Opiates^ and StupefaBiues^ (as Poppie^ Henbaru^ HemUcke^ 
&c.) inducca kindcof Dri»»/tf«>f<;//f, by the Grfjjeuejfe oi' thcix Kipeur -^ 
As K^ine doth by the ^a»titie of the Vapour. Belidcs, they rob the Spirits 
yinimaQ of xheix A fstter, whereby they are nourilhcd: For the Spirits o( 
thcP^'/wprcyvponit, as Well as they: And fo they make the S'pwrj IcfTc 
SupplCjiind Apttonionc. 

Drunken yl/f« imagine every Thifig turneth round -^ Thev imagineal- 
Ib that Thiags Come vpon them., They See not well Things a farre off" ■ 
Thole Things that they Sec rtcarehand^ ihey See out of their Place :^ And 
(fomctimcs) xhcy fee Thiugs double. TheC-««/rofthe Imagination that 
Things turne round ^ is, for that the 5'/>/mi thcmleluesturnc, being com- 
prcllcdbythc r.ipour of theWine : (For ar)y Liquid Bodf\pox\ComprejJi- 
»», tLirncih, as We feein W*ter:) And it is all one to the 5/^^/, whether 
the Vifu<iH Spirits mouc, or the O^/fHmoiicth, or the Medium moueth. 
And wee fee that long Turning Round breedcth the fame Imagination. 



in Conlorc 




^aturali Hijiorj: 


Sofitary tou- 
ching the Hfljpt 
Jfilf, though 


1 Solitary cou- 
, chingCa«tr/ii/- 

T he Cam/e of the Imagination that Things come ufen thtm^ is, for that the\x\\x.i drawbackcj which makcth the OblcR fccmc 
to come on; Andbefides, when they fee Things turne Rjiind, and 
MoiiCj F^/zrr makcth them thinke they come vpon them. 'XhcCau/c^ 
that they cannot iccThin^ss/arrefijfy is the wcskaejeoi' the Spirits -, for 
in cuery ^/(fjfr/Wj oxV<rtig0^ ihtxcis s.nObteaebratitnioyv\ed witha Sem- 
blance oiTurmng round ; Which we fee alfo in the Hghtcr Sort o'iswou- 
iiings. XhtCM/eoi Seeingthlngsifut of their Place^ is the Xtf ration ohhc 
Sptnts yifitM-^ For the Vipoar is as an f^0f f «i^ litdium j And it is _, as the 
Sight ofThingSj out of place, infrdter. The CMfeoi Seeing Things deuUe, 
is, the Swift and Fnqniet Motion of the Spirits , ( being Opprcfled,) to 
and fro ■ For, (as was faid before,) the OUotion of the Spirits flfuali^ and 
the Metien ot the Obie^, make the fame ^Ppesrtnces j And for the Swift 
Motion o( the obieff, we fee, that if you fillip a Lttte-firing^ it fhewcth 
double, or Treble. 

Men are fooner Drnnke with Small Drsnghts^ than with Greot. And 
againe, mnesugred incbriateihleffej thznWine fnre. TheC«»/tfofthe 
Former is, for that the wine defcendeth not fofaft tothe^oKtfw^of the 
Stomach ; But makcth longer Stay in the Vpfer fort of the Stomachy and 
fcndcth f^apours faftcr to the Bead-^ And therefore inebriateth fooner. 
And, for thp fame Reafon, Sops'mfvine^ (Quantitie for Quanritie,) ine- 
briate more, than tVme of it felfe. The Con/e of the Latter is, for that the 
Sugar doth mfpiflate the Spirits of the wrw, and maketh them not fo 
eafieto refoluc into rapmtr. Nay further, it is thought tobeefomeRc- 
medieagainfl Imbriatin^^ if Wine Sngred be taken iherfrine Pure. And 
the fame Effed is Wrought either by Ojlt^ or Milke, taken vpon much 

THeffeoiWine^ in Drie,' itidConfnmed Bodies^ ishurtfull; InMoift, 
and Fnll Bodies yiti%%ooA, The Con fe is y for that the Spirits of the 
Wine doe prey vpon the Dewfiz Rddieoll Moiflnre^ (as they terme it) of the ,^ 
Bodify and lodeceiuethe^#/«-i//.$'^>///. But where there is MoiJInre^ { 
Enough, or SuperfluouSj there Wine hclpeth to difgcft, and dcnccaie 
the Moiftnrcj. 

THe Catierpiller is one of the moft Gcnerall o^tyormes, and bree- ; 
dcth of D^)r,and Leoues : Forwe fee infinite NumbcrofC4rffx/'///<'rj, ' 
which breed vpon Trees,, and Hedges j By which the Leanes of the Trees, [ 
or Hedges^ arc in great Part comfumed •, As well by their Breeding out of | 
ihcLeafey as by their Feeding vpon the Leofe. They breed in the Spring j 
chieflys becaufc ^^c" ^^^^e is both D*w, and Leofe, And they breed com- 
monly when the £4/I?-»'/Wj haue much blowne : The ri*/^ whereof is, 
the DrineJJe of tliat Wind: For to all rinijication vpon PntrifoBim^ it is 
requifitethe Motterbeaot too Moijl: And therefore we fee, they haue 
Coprvebs about them, which is a figne of a Slimy Drineffe ; As wc fee vp- 
on the Cronndy whereupon, by Dcw^ and Snnne^ Copvebs breed all ouer. 
1 .^^ .^e^ 

Century. VI 11. 


Solitaijr tou- 
ching the fi;« 


Wee fee aUo the Greene Catterpjller brccdeth in the Inward Parts of i:^. 
fesy c(])cciallynotblownej where the Dfw Ihckcth : But clpecially Of- 
terp.l'.eys^ both thcgreacell and themort, breed vpon Cal/bages^ which 
biUicA PitLcAje^ and apt to Patrife. ThcCatterpil/er towards the £/»i of 
SMy.m:r^ waxcth f^alatde^ andtumcth to 2l Butterfly, ox perhaps (bme o- 
thtrf/>', I here IS aCatterptlkr^ that hatha Furre, or Dojp/w vpon him, 
and fecnicch to hauc A tfiuitic with the Silke wfir^c^. 

THc Fljes CanthariJcsArehKdoC aircrme, or C4tterj>iller^ but pecu- 
liar to ccrraine Fruit-Trees '^ As are the Fig-tree, the Pine-tree, and 
tho Puldc Bnar ■ AH which bcare Sweet Fruit 3 And Fruit that hath a 
U:Klcof(cCTct/7/V/i»^, or Shjrpeuejj'e: ForthcFig hath a /^(//(r in it, that 
is Sweety and Corrojiue: The fitte-Aff leh.3x\\ a KeroeU th3.ti% Streng und 
AbjlerfiHe: The Fr«// of the Cruris faidtomakeC^./</rf;»j or thofethat 
Eat them, Scabbed. And therefore, no maniell though Cautharides haue 
(iKhaCorrefwe, and Cuineriz.iag QutUtie-^ For there is not any other of 
the l.ifefla, but is bred of a Duller Mttter. t he B$dj of the Cauthsrides is 
bright coloured ; *And it may bee, that the delicate-coloured Dragon- 
Flycs, may haue hkcwifc Ibmc CtrrojiueQu-ility. 

Ljptade is remedied by Bathing, ot Anointing with Oyle, and Warme 
W.:ier. TheCaw/fiSj \oxt\\3X.i.\\L£^uude'iSAV.')£\dto'i Coutafion, and 
CcrfiHcjfon of the P-ir/^; Andifi/Aag, and Anointing gmciRclax4tiou, 
ox EmoUitioH : Andthc Mixture oi'Oyle, and H>'dter, is better than either 
ofthcm alone, Bccaufc /f'd/^r Entrcth better into the Pores, and Oylc^ 
after Entry foftneth bettct. It is found alfo that the Taking of Tobatco 
doth hclpe and difcharge Latitude. The Reafon whereof is, partly, be- 
caufe by Cheating or Comforting of the spirits^ it openeth the Parts 
Ctmprejj'ed^ or Contufed: And chiefly, bccaufe it rcfreflKth the Spirits 
by the 0/>/4frrrr/»tf thereof i And fodifchagcth wearinejj'e.^ as Sleeper. 

In Going T;p a Hill, the Knees will be moft lyeary y In Going dovcne a Hill, 
the Thighes. The Caufe is, for that, in the Li/t of the Ff^/, when a Man 
Gseth 'vp the Hill, the Weight of the Body beatcth mo(t vpon the Knees • 
And in Going doxvne the Hill, vpon the Thighes. 

THe C lifting of the Skin^ is by the Ancients compared, to the Breaking Esretimcnt 
o^ the Secundine, or CaJl-^ But not rightly: For that were to make j S;.J/t:rytou- 
eucry Cosiing of the Skin a New Birth .• And befidcs , the Sl cundine is but ' £l'of ',hc^*' 
a gcncrall Co«^;*, not lliapcd according to the Parts ^ But rhc5)lr/»is iha- :Sii:>i,3rdshe!J, 
pcd according to the P4rf^. The Creatures, that call their Skin^ are j The ' '" '^"" '""" 
^v^yt**, the l^iper, the Grafhopper, the Liz,.ird,theSilke-worme, &Jc. Thofe 
tharca{l:their5/jti'/.arc j The Lobjler, theCr-i^. the Crafijb, the Hodman- 
dodoxDodinin^ the Terto'!fe,&cc. The 0/iJ5'/M*fxaref',xmd, but the OW 
:ihells ncucr: So as it is like, they fcale otf, and crumble away by de- 
grees. And they arc knovvnc by the Extreme Tendemeffe and Softneffe 


in Conforf, 
touching Lo^- 



■n fome Crea- 






^aiurali hi/iorj: 

m Conrort, 
coaching the 

73 Z 

Solitary tou- 
ching refliltn' 


Solitary tou- 
ching the Fr«£- 
mfiUli> o(Hard 


of the New shell ; And fometimcs by the Fr(fIj:3fJ[(eo'i the Colour oi it. ! 
TbeCaufeohhcCd/lingo^ Siin^andSheH^ fhoiild fcemeto be the great j 
JijiAKtitte oiMamrin thofc Cr^^rarw, that is fit tomAcSkin,ox Shelly 
And Againe, the Loofentffe of the Skin^ or shtli^ that fticketh nor clofe to 
ihe fUJL For it is certaincjthatitis tbeiVewSlw^ or skll^that putteth 
clftheOW; Sovrefee, thatinDwr^, itistheToujgf/orne, that putteth 
off theO/<^j And i^ Birds, the T»tnig Feathers put off the Old: And fo 
Birdsy that hauetnuchAfiMw for their BMfcCjCaft their Bf4« J the AVn? 
Beake Putting off the Old. 

LTing, notEreB, hmfffiUtw^ which is in the Making of the Bedj Or 
with the Legs gstheredvp, which is in thePofture of the Body , -is the 
more Wholelbme. TheReaf0n is, the better C*w/<>r//»g of the 5'»#;w4r6j 
which is by that lefle Penfile : And we fee, that in Weake Stomachs, the [ 
Laying vp of the Legs high, and the Knees almoitto the Mouth, hel- 
peth, and comforteth. Wc fee alfb that GaUj-sUttes, notwithrtanding 
their Miieryotherwife, arecommonlyFatandFlefhy j And theReafon 
is, becaulc the Stomach is fupported fomewhat in ShiiHg'^ And is Pen- 
file in Stan dingy or Gomg. And therefore, for Frolottgatioaof Life ^ it is 
good tochoofe thole Exerci/eSy where the Liml>s moue more than the 
5';tf«»<7f^, and Belly 5 Asin^*w«g,and in SawingbGing Set. 

Megrims and Gtddinejfe axe rather when we Rife^ after long Sittings 
than while we Sit. The Caitfe is, for that the rapours^ which were gathe- 
red by Sittitigy by the Sudden Motieu^ fly more vp into the Head. 

Leaning long vpon any Part maketh it Nnmme, and, as wee call it, 
Aflcepe. The C^y? is, for that the Coiwpr^/T/w of the P^r/futfcreth not 
the Spirits to haue free Accede j And therefore, when wee come out 
of it, wee feele 3t^ti»gii>gy or Pricking i Which is the Re-entrance of the 

IT hath beene noted, that thofc Teares are Pejlilentiall, and rnwhole- i 
yiwtf, when there are great Numbers of Frogs, Flies, Loc»Jis,&cc. The 
Canfc is plaine j For that thole Creatnres being engendredof Putri/affi- 
ont when they abound, fhew a generall Di[pofiiien of the Teare, and Con- 1 
fiitttfion of the Aire, to Difenfes of Pntri/aEtion. And the fameFrogno-i 
jlicke, (as hath beene faid before,) holdeth, iiyo\3findeWormesin0.ike' \ 
apples. For the Confiitution of the Aire, appearethmarefubtilly, in any \ 
of thefe Things, than to the Senfe of Man. 

IT is an Obferuation amongft Ctnntrj-People^ that Tenres of Store of 
Haxvs and Heps^ doe commonly portend Cold Winters ; Aud they afcribe 
itto G ods Pronidence, that, (as i^e Scripture faith) reacheth eucn to the 
pJlfngofa Sparrow ', And much more is like to reach tothe Pre fern.iti- 
en of Birds infuchSeafons. The Natnrall Canfea.]fo may be che Want of 
Heat, and Abundance of Moi ft nre, in the Summer precedent ; Which put- 
teth forth thole Fruits, and mull needs leauc great ^antitie of ColdVa- 


Century, V \\\, 


fours ^ not Jiiltpaie j VVhidicaiifv.tluheCo/<i of the M'''w/fr following. 

THcy hanc in Turhi^ a DrinktcaWad Cofa, made of a Bfrrj of the 
(aincNatnc, asB/Kcit^ as^-^Xjandofa strengScnt, but nDC-^r*»»4- 
! ttcilL ; V\ hich they take, beaten into Powder, in nam^ as Hot as they cm 
idtinkeit: And they uke it, and lltatif,iTthcirCtf^'.-A'e»/i'f_, wiiich are 
hkeonr Tauernes. This Or/'w^vcomfortcth the BrAme,a.v\d Hcirt^ and hel- 
I pcth DijgejUon. Certainly this Brrr; C<5fj \\\\z Reet^s^tX Ltofi: Etui .^i\\c 
\ Lcjfe Tobjcco 3 And the Teare of Po^fj^ {Opium) of winch the Tarkes are 
j great Takers, (iuppafin^ it expcllcth all Fcarc-) doe all Condcnie the 
i Spirit i, and make them Strong, and Aleger. But itfeemcththcyarcta- 
j ken after feiierall manners. For Caff's and Opium are taken dovvnc ■ To- 
htccohMi in Smoikc ; And Betel is but clumped in the Momh^ with a litrlc 
Lim:. It is like there arc more ot them, it they were well found out, and 
well corrciffed. ^^''t othenl;ape-Sitdj 0( Mandrake ; OtSajffrto^ Root, 
and Flower J Oi Folium Indum-^ Oi Amber-grice-^ Oi'thc Affyriao ^nu- 
'mum^ if it may be hatl , And of the Sctiiet Pawder, which they call Ker- 
mez. j /^nd (generally) of all fuch Things, asdoe inebriate, and prouoke 
Slcepe. Note iliat Tobicco is not taken in Root^ or Seed, which are more 
forcible eucr than Lemes. 

THe Turkeshmc a Bltcke Powde\ made of a Minera]l caljed Alcobcle ^ 
Which witha fire long Penciil they lay vnder their £7^-/7^/ ;Which 
doth colour them Blacke s Whereby the H'hite of the Eje is fet off more 
l\'1)Ue. With the fame PtfWf;' they colour alfo the //4/V« of their Eje- 
lids^ and of their Eje-brexves, which they draw into Einbowcd Arches. 
You Hiallfinde that Xenephtn nvkci\\ Mention, that the .^/f<^w vfcd to 
Ipaint their Eyes. The Turkes vfe with the fame Tiaclmre, to colour the 
fiaireof their Heads and Beards Blacke : And diners with vs, that arc 
grownc Grj^, and yet would appeare Ttii0g, findemeanestomake their 
Haire Blacke, by Combing it, (as they fay ,)with a Leaden Combe,or the 
like. As for theChinefes, who arc of an ill Complexion, (being Oliua- 
lkr,)thcy paint their Cheekes Scarlet ; Efpecially their Kitig^ And Grmdts. 
Generally, Barbarom People, that goc Naked, doc not onlv paint Thcni- 
felues, but they pownce and raze their Skinne, that the Paintwg^ may 
not be taken forth. And make into W^orkes. So doe the n'ejl Indi.ins\ 
Ami fo did the Ancient PiB>, and Brittons ; So that it feemeth, Me-i 
would haue tiie Colours of Birds Ffat^fn, if they could rell how- Or at 
Iealf,they will haue Gay Skins, in lleadof Gj/ Cloathes. 


Soiitaiy tcu- 

(/»citha( Con- 




IT i> flnngc, the rfe of Baihing, as a Part of Di^f, is left. \A'itK 
the Romans, andGrwMW, itwasasvfiiall, asfi^i;/;/^, or Sleepint^ : t\nd j Soi'tary tou- 
i'o is it amonglf the Turkes ac this day : Whereas with vs it remaineth but j oS;i>|aS 
.KaPayrofPh^juke. I an of Opinion, that theVfeof it, asitw.iswith M»n:t»i. 
the Romans, \\\]s hurtfuli to Health ; For that it nude the Bodv Soft, and 1 74° 
ealietoWafte. Forthc r»rib«itisnioreprjpcr, becaufe that their Drw- ■ 

. :*'»^' 

Soiiiary t«u- 



CS(aturall Hi'shry: 

Sojiri: y n u- 


Soiitaiy tou- 
ching ^/(//.'c- 


Experinsenc . 
Solitary cou- 
ching fiSfrw/s 
of wfiibt m 







' I: tug ivafffy and Feeding vpon Rtz,e^ and other Food of ihuli noiiriili- 
menr, m.ikcth their Bodies fo Solidc, aiid Hard, asycutued not fi.-are 
! thjc BJthing iTiouid make them Fio.nhig. Behd.Sj the* Turkes arc great 
i Sit.'g.-s, and feldome walke ; Whereby they Sweat lefle, and need Ba- 
thino more. But yet certaincit is, ihdiX. Bathin^^ and c^pQchWy AKnoio- 
ting, may be fo vied, as it may be a gn'at Heipe to HedUh^ and Prolonga- 
tion oi Life. But hereof we fhall fpcake in due Place, when wc come to 
haneile Experiments Medicinall, 

THc Turkes haue a Pretty Art of chmoUttitig of Puper, which is not 
v/ich vs in vfe. They take diuers ol^td Colours ^ and put them (ene 
rallv (in drops) vpon rvAter ; And itirre the Wattr lightly • And then 
wet their Paper ^ (being of fome ThicknefTe,) with it, And the Paper 
will be Waucd, and Veined, like Chamolet^ or Marble^-. 

T is fomewhat Arange, that the Blottdo^ all Birds, a;id Bea/Is^ and Ft- 
fl}e.(, ilioiiid be of a Red Colour, and only rile Bloadoi the Cuttle (lionl3 
be as Bbckeas lake. A Man would thinke, that the Caale fliould be the 
HighConcoEiionoi xhxi Bloud-^ For we fee in ordinary /'«ii/«g/_ that the 
5(7;//.w tiirneth the Bloudio be Bjttcke; And the Cuttle is accounted a de- 
licate i^eat, and is much in Retpeft. 

iris reported of Credit, that if you take Earth from Land adioynfng 
tothcj^wfr of Nile-^ And prcferueit in that manner, that it neither 
come to be Wet, nor Wafted; And daily, it will not alter 
f-f^eight vntill the feuenteenth of lune, which is the Day when the Riiter 
beginnethto rife. And then it will grow more and more Ponderous^ till 
the ^wfrcommethtohis Heighth. Which if it bee true, it cannot bee 
cauled, but by the Aire, which then beginneth to Condenfc; Andfo 
turneth within that fmall MotAd into a degree of Moifiure ; Wiiich pro- 
duceth Wei ht,So it hath been obferucdjthat Tokicco ^Cui^^vid Weighed, 
and then Dried by the Fire, lofeth Weight ; And afterbeinglaidinthe 
open^m',rccouerethHV/^<^/againe. Anditihouldfceme, that as foone 
as eucrthe Bluer beginneth to iiicreafe, the whole Body of the Airc^ 
thereabouts futfereth a Change: For (that which is.more ftrange,) it is 
credibly affirmed, that vpon that very Day, when the Rii*ir firii: rifeth, 
grv-'.it iUgucs in CairOy vfe fuddenly to breake vp. 

■T* Hoferhat arc very Cold, and efpecially in their Fett, cannotgctto 
I sieepe. The Caufe may be, for that in Sleepe is required a Free Rfj]>i 
ration^ virhich Cold doth (hut in, and hinder: For wee fee, tliat in great 
Colds ^ one can fcarce draw his Breath. Another CAt».fe may be, for that 
Cold calleththe Spirits to fuccour-, And therefore they cannot (b well 
clo(e,andgoe together in the Head-^ Which is euer rcquifiie to sleeve. 
And for the fame Caufe, faine^ and Noife hinder Sleepe j And Darbie(fcj 
(contrariwife) furchereth sleeps^. 


Century, V 1 1 i . 

Some No'ifcs (whereof we fpakc in the 112. Experiment) helpc 
Slfcfc^ As t!^,c Mowing oi the H^ind^ the Tricl^lin^ oi water. Humming oi 
liecs. Soft Singing Rcuding^ &c. The Caufc is, tor that they moiie in iiie 
Spintr a^cniLc y^ttention-, Andwhatfbcucrmoueth Attention, wiihonc 
too mi?ch Labour, ftilleththe Natural! and dilcurliue Motion ot" the 

Skcpe nourijJmh, or at leaft prcferueth Bodies, along time, without 
other Nouri^omcnt. Beafis that flecpc in mnter, (as it is noted oi'mlde 
i/f.?rw,)dLiring their Slccp,wax very Fat,thoiigh they Eatnoching.5,?fj- 
banc bec-ne found inOuens,and other Hollow Clof^ Places, Matted 
one vpon another; And therefore it is likely that they sleepe in the Win- 
ter time, and cat Nothing, S^re, whether Bees doe not sleep all Win- 
ter, and fpaie their Howej? I Butterflies, and other f//>x, doenotoncly 
Slcfpe, but lie as De^td all fvinter , And yet with a little Heat o(Smne,OT 
f/re, reiiiueagaine. ADormoufe, both frinter and Summer, will SUepe 
(bme dayes tugcthv. r, and eat Nothing, 

To reilore Teeth in Age, were MagnaU Natur<e, It may bcc 
thought o£ But howfopucr the Nature ot'thcTeetb dcfcrucih 
to be enquired ot, as well as the other P^m oi Liuing Creatures 
Bodici . 

There be Fine parts in the Bodies o^ Lining Creatures, thzt are o^Hard 
SiibjUnce-fihc Sktill;Tht Teeth,'Xhc Bones-, The Hornesk, anc- the Nutlesl 
Thegreatcll ,S:^^:'tity o^ Hard Stthjiance Coutinued, isto\^ards the 
Head. For there is the S/C'«// of one Entire Bo«e -, There are the r<?«/7 ; 
There arc thcMaxillarie 5o«w;There^is the ffard Bone,thai is the Injlru- 
ment oi Hearing ; And thence ifliie the^or«f/ ; So that the Building ot 
Liuing Creatures B odies ,is like theBuilding of a Tml>er'Houfi,whetc the 
;rj//j and other P arts hiue Columnes and Sedmes ; But thei?oo/eis, in 
the betterSort.of Ho/z/f/jall Tilc,ovLcad,OT Stone. As foTBirds,they haue 
Three other HardSuljlunces proper to them-,The Bill, which is of like 
Matter with the Teeth,¥oT no Birdsha\.\e Teeth : The shell of the Egt^c: 
And their j^.?7.f ; For as for their Spurre, it is but a A^^;/!;. But no Li- 
uing Creatures, that haue shels very hard j (As Oyfters ^Cockles, Muffles, 
Scallops, Crabs ^Lohjlcrs,Cra-Fijl], Shrimps, and efpecially the Tortoife,) 
haue 7?o;«cjwicIiin tbcm, but onely !itde Grifiles, 

Bodies, after full Growth,continue at a Stay : And fo doth the shdl: 
Hoynes,in foinc Cratures^ arc caft and rcniicd:Te«/; ftand at a Stay,ex- 
ccpt their Wcaring-.Asfor M;z7e.f,chey grow continually. -AndB/'/j- and 
BeakcswiW ouer-grow,and fometimcs be caft ; as in £j^/e/,and Parrots. 

Mofl of the Hard Suhjlanccs flie to the Extremes of the Body-^ As skull. 
Homes, Teeth, Naiks, and Bcakes: Only the Bones ate more Jmvard,:^nd 
clad with plclh. As for the Entrailes, they are all without Borie.f ; Saue 
chat a Bone is (fometimcs) found in the Heart of a Stag j And it may be 
in fome other Creature. 

R The 




m Ccnfort 

duelling r*fri» 
and Hard Sub. 
•ischtf of Ijmng 











O^mirall Htjiorj: 


The skuU hath Brumes, as a kinde of Mjirorr, within it. The 
Bjch-EonehdthoncKindco^ Afiirroxvy which hath an Affiriac with 
the Braine • And other Bones of the Body haiic another. The Lnv-'Bones 
hauc no Marrow Scuered, but a little Pttlpe of M'^/'^'on' diffiifcd. Ttcth 
likewifc are thought to haue a kinde of ^<?rroH» diftufcd, which cau- 
feth the.yf«/eand Paine : But it is rather Sinnew ; For Marrow hath no 
Senfe 5 No more than Blend. Home is alike thorowout j And lo is the 

None other of the HardSuhfiMces haue ^f«/f ^but the rff?/).-And the 
Teeth haue ^e«/<?, not onely of Paine ^ but of Co/(^. 

Bat rpe wiUleaue the Enquiries &f other Hard Subftances, vmo their fe- 
uerdl places 5 1 And now enquire only of the Teeth. 

The Teeth are, in Men, of three Kindcs ; sharpe^ as the Fore-Teeth j,as the Bad'-Teeth, ■which we call ihc Molar-Teeth ^or Grindtrs-^And 
Pointed Teeth, or Crf«/«e,which are betwcene both. But there haue been 
forne Me>h ^^'^^^ ^^""^ ^^^ ^^^^^ '^^^^^ vndiuided^ as of one whole Bone, 
with fome little Marke in the Place of the Diuifion ; as Pyrrhm had. 
SomcCreaturcshsMCOuer-long, ox Out- growing Teeth, which we call 
Fangs, or Tustes, As Boares, Pikes, Salmons, and ZJo^ijthough IcfTe.Some 
LiuingCreatureshaueTeethigiin^Teith; As Men, and /Jorfes • And 
[ fome haue TV-«fe,erpecially their ^^j?er-Te«/;,indentcd one within An- 
other, like Sawes; As Lions;And fo againehaue Dogs. Some Fi^jes haue 
diuers Rowes o(Teeth,in the Roofes of their Mouthes ; As Pikes, Salmons, 
Treats , &c. And many niore in Salt-ivmrs. Snakes and other Serpents^ 
haue renemomTeeth ; which arc fometimes miftaken for their Sting. 

No Beaft that hath Hor«M, hath F^^er Teeth j And no BeaJ}^ that 
hath rmA aboue, wanteth them below : But yet if they be of the fame 
kinde, itfollowethnot, that if the Hard Matter goethnoz into rp^er 
Teeth, it will goe into Homes j Nor yet e conuerfo j For Doe's, that hauc 
no Homes, haue noFpper Teeth. 

Horfeshme, at three yeares old, a Toof^ put forth, which they call 
the Coks Tooth-^Andit foureyeeres old there commeth the Mark-Tooth, 
which hath a Hole,as big as you may lay a Peafe within itjAnd that wea- 
reth lliorter and fhorter, euery yeare ^ Till, that at eight yeares old, the 
Toeth is fmooth,aud the Hole gone 5 And then they fay • That the Marke 
isom of the Horfes Mouth. * 

The Tetth of Men breed firft, when the Childe is abonrayecre and | 
halfe old : And then they caft them, and new come about Ic-iicn yeares 
old. But diners haue Back-wardTeethcotne forth at Twcniie, yea fome 
at Thirty, and Forty, ^^^re of the manner of the Cowmiu^oi them 
forth. They tell a Tale of the old Countejfe o^Defniend^ who lined till 
llie was fcucn-fcore yeeres old, that fhe did Dentire, twice, or thrice j 
Cafting her old Tcff/;,and others commingin their Place. 

Teeth arc much hmthy Sweet-Meats-^ And by Paintingwith Mercury-^ 
Andhy Things Ouer-het, And by Things Ouer-cold; And by Rheumes. 
And the Paine of the Teeth, is one of the fharpefl oipaines. 
\ . ^ Concern ing 


(jnturj. \^ i I 1. 

f i8s> 

Concerning Teeth, ihclc Things ax^ to bi.'c Cv-Hilidcred. r. The 
Prejervi.'igoi them. 2. The Keeping oi'thcni r/hite. ■>. The Drarvtrjr of 
tlieui u-itli Le-i/i Paine. 4. Thei"r4;/»(rand E.ijiHg of the Tooth- Ach. 5. 1 he in of ArtificM Teeth, wWr^ Treth liauc becnc Ihiicktn our. 
6. Andjaft of all, that Great One, of Reftoriug reeth in ^^*. The In- 
fiances rhitgioe any likeUhoodof Refioring Teeth m Age^ arc • The Ldtc 
Cemmitg of Teeth m fome j And the Kcnewing of the Bfakes in ///><// 
which are Commatcriall vfiihTeethi ;^rfrr therefore more pdrticuldr- 
Iv h nv that commeth. And againe, the Keaewiagot Hornet. But yet 
that hath not beene knowne to hauc bcene prouokedby An * Therefore 
let 7V/4/y bee midcj whether Htrnes miybcc procured to grow in Be.!fls 
that arc i^oiUoroed, and how ? And whether they may bee prOcurtd to 
come Z.4ri;<r than vfuall , As to makt an Oxe, ox a Deere, luucaCn'jter 
Hfadoi homes? And whether the ^mJ of a IJw*'?, that by A^e h more 
S fitted^ ntaybe brought againe to be more B ranched -^ Fdt theCcTridUs 
and the iikc, will I hew, whether by Art fuch Hdrd Matter cm be called' 
and prouokcd. It may be tried alfo, whether Birds may not hanc fome 
thing djnc to them, when they arc Tfimng, whereby they may be made 
to haue Greater, ot Laager BUs-^ Or Greater and Longer tallons ? And 
whether C'/.';7</m/ may not haue fome w<i/A, or Something to make their 
Teah Better, And Stronger? Corall is invfe as an Helpcto the Ttethof 

SOme Liuing CrcJtures generate but at cettaine Seafom of the Teare j As 
Deere, sheepe, Hi'de Connefes, &c. And moft Sorts of 5i><ir/and 
fifhes: Others at ./^y/w." of the rt<fr*^ AsMe».^ Ar\d all DomefiickeC reJi- 
tures-^ As Horfes, Hodges, Dogges,Cats,^c. IhcCaufe oi Ocneratigkzt 
ailseafons^ccmcxhio bcc fulnejfei For Generation'i% iram Reduudatice^ . 
This Fulnejfe arifeth from two Caufii-. Either from the Natiire of the 
Creature, {'iilhcHot, andMoiJi, ar,dsa0gtinei Or {tarn Plertty o( Food. 
For the rtrft^ Afea, Horfes, Dogi^ &c. which breed at all Seafons,are full 
of Heat and Moifture j Doues are the fuUeft of Heat and Moijitire amohgft 
Birds, and therefore breed often ; The Tame Done almoft continuallv. But 
Deere axe A Melancholy Drj Creature, asappcareth by their Fearefulnejje, 
and the Hardntjjc of their F/e//». SheepeaxoACold Creature, asappearcth 
by their /l//W«f//>j and for tlM(t they leldome /)n»jtf . Moft Coxt ox Birds 
are of a dry Sub/hnce in com'pafifon of Bifafis. Fifhes are eold. For the fe- 
coi)dCaufe,Fu!nel]'eoCFood; A^en,Kine.ST»ine,DogS,S>ic.i'ccdR\l\; And 

vvefcctlutthofcC>^4<«ru, whichbeihg'*-'//*/^, generate feldome^bcin!^ 
rrfWf,gcpcrarc often -^ VVhichisfrom;r^rw/A, and Fulm/feo^Pood. VV'e 
finJe, that the Tinle o( Gaingto Rut q( Deere, is in September', For that 
they need the whole summers Feed and Gr.ijj'e, fo make them fit for Ge- j 
neration. And if i^4/*econic Early about the Middle of ^i-^/i-i^^fr, thev ! 
goc to Rut Ibmewhat the fo6ncr-, K Drought, fomcwhat the later. So I 
Sheepe, in refped of their finall Heat, generate about the fame time. Or 
fomcwhat before. But for the moft ^patz. Creatures that generate at cer- 
H2 tainc 


in Conlort, 
GcHerdtitn and 
Hcuritig (A Li- 
iriihc n'Mtibt, 





\ 7^^ 

D\(aturail HiUcry : 


in Confort 
touching 5pf- 


TaincSea/cfis, generate in the i'/>r/«g ; As Bird,, and Fif/jes-^ For that the 
End of the ^yt»ter, and the ^e^t, and Ctmjeri of the ^/r/w^ prcpareth 
chejp. There is alfo another ^f4/tf», why ioxw^t Creatures genera teat cer- 
taine Sea/ops : And that is the ReUt'ttn of their Time of Bearings to the 
time of Generation : For no Cresfre goeth to generate, vvhilelt the 
Female is full -, Nor whileft fhe is bufie in Sittmg or Kesring her Ttung. 
And therefore it is found by Experience, that if yoii take the Egges, or 
Young OneSi out of the Netjls of Birds ^ they will fall to generate againe, 
three or foure times, one after another. 

Of Limng Crtatitrest fomc are LoHger time in the H^tmbe, and fome 
shorter, tvomeii^pc commonly vint Mtneths '^ The C^jyandthe Evfc^ 
about fix Moneths ; De's goc about nine Moneths ; M/tres eleucn 
Moncths-, Bitches nine Weekes ; Elefhttnts arefaid to goe two Yeares j 
For the Rcceiued Trddition of ten Ycarers is PabHlout. For Birds there is 
double Enquiry; TheX>//?4»fe betweeDethe7"rf4<//»g or Cottpling^ and 
thtLtying of the Egge :^ And againe bctweene the EggeLtyed, and the 
Difclofwg or Hstcbiitg. And amongft Birds» there is lefle Diner fity of Ttme, 
than amongft other Crtdtmres-^ yet fome there is; for the ffeit fitteth 
but three Weekes -, The Titrkey.Hett, Gtofe, and Ducke, a Moneth. Suture 
of others. The Ca0fe of the great Difference of Times, amongft Lining 
Creatures ^'u. Either from the Akwr^ oi iht Kinde -^ Or from the CovfH. 
tmionoi the W»mbe. For the fornvrr, thofc that are longer in Comming to 
their Maturity or Growth, are longer in the wjw^f ; As is chiefly feene in 
Meu-^ And fo Elephants which are long in the ^«i«»^f , are long time in 
C*i»«»/«^ to their full Gr*i>'»i&. Butinmoft other Kindes, the Ctnftitutito 
of theW?w^r, (that is, the Jiardneffe or DrineJJe thereof,) is concurrent 
with the former Caufe. For the Co/; hath about foure yeares of Growth^ 
Andfo thcF-mfw*; And lb the Calje. But P^W^/, which come to their 
Growth (commonly) within three Quarters of a yeare, are but nine 
Weekes in the womhe. As for Birds^ as there is leflc Diuerhty amongft 
them, in the time of their Bringing forth '^ So there is lefle JDiuerfity in 
the time of their Growth j Mott of them comming to their Growth with- 
in a Twelue-Moneth. v» ^yrt I .' 

Some Creatures bring forth many ToungOnes at a Burthen, As Bit- 
ches, Hares, Connefes, &c. Some (ordinarily) but One, As fvome», Lio- 
neffes, &c. This may be caulcd either by the ^untitj oisferme required 
to the Producing One of that Kinde^ which if lefle bee required, mav 
admit greater Number, If more, fewer: Or by the Partitions and CeUs 
of the wombe, which may feuer the Sferme. 

T Here is tio doubt, \s\\x. Li^th'j it^r^Srw will fhew greater, as well 
as Things Colcnred. For like asushilling in the Bottome of the IVater, 
will fhew greater; SowillacW/^ina/:.4»»/Atfri»^, intheZ?«Wff»rof the 
ffater. I haue heard of a Praftife, that G/^-w^rw^ in <j/<;^/wereputin 
thtWater, to make the Fi^come. But I am not yet informed, whether! 
when a Diner Diaeth, hauing his Eyes open, and fwimmeth vponhis 


Qnturj, Vi i 1 

E»€he J \vluthcr(I fay) he feech things in the A, re greater, or lellc. For it 
isKiuiiutcitj that when the f^-^ftandeth in the Finer Medium^ and the 
Okcil li inthi: Grfijfery things llievv greater ; Biiccontrariwirc, when the 
j£>.'is [)Iaccd m the Grfij^er Medium , and tl:e obie^iin theF//;fr, how it 
workcthl know nor. r.; 

It would be well boultedout, whether gxcax RefraBitns may not bee 
m:n}.cv\<o\-\ Reflections, as wellasvpon DircB Bejmes. For Example, We 
(l-e that rake an Empty Bafert, put an yivgell oi Geld, or what yon wi'.l, into 
icj Thtngoe fot'arre from the Ba/en^ nil you cannot (cc the v^/.;gf //^ be- 
caufc-it is not im Rf^ht Line -^ Then fill the Fafen widi IV.tter^ and yon 
(hall fee it out ot hi> Place, becaufeofthe ReflcBion. Toproeecd there- 
fore, put a Lo^ing-Glafft, into a E.ijen oi (Vjter j I fuppofeyou lliallnot 
(IvthQ/fHa^eim Right Li net oratequall ^w^/^r, butafide. I know not 
whtrhertlus£.v;/>miwf«* may not be extended fo, as you might fee the 
/waiff, and not the GUffe-^ Which for Be.mtj and Strdnge/iejje^ were a 
(inc Proofe : For then you lliould Ice the Image like a spirit in the Aire. 
As for Example, If there be a.Cejlerneox PwZf of wiWtr, you Hiall place 
ouer againit ir a Pitlure ot the Demll, or what you will, fo as you 4oc not 
fee the abater. Thenpiita Lookm^-GUJfe in the Water: Now if you can 
fee the D cut's FiHurc afide, notleeing che^w^r, it will lookelikeaD^- 
«/i/ indocl. They haue an old Tale in Oxford^ tliat Friar Brff^m walked 
betweene two Steeples : \\'hich was thought to be done by Qliffes^ when 
he walked vpon the Ground. 



A Weight) Ffidfput mtoMjtioft^ is more eafily impelled, than at fird ENperiments 
when it Refieth. The CAufe is, partly becaufc Motion duth difcufle j"u^hl!l w«- 
thc Torpotr ot'Stl/d Bodies , Which beiide their Motion of Gr4Wtx,luuc in j ^«//?<.'; "fdni 
them a Natmdl Appetite^ not to moue at all , And partly, becaufe a Body *''^'"'- 
that relteth, doth get, by the Refijlanceoi the Body vpon which it reftcth, ( 7^Z 
altronger Comprejjion of P^rts, than it hath of it Selfe; And therefore 
needetlt more Force to be put in Afotion. For if a Weighty Body be Pen- 
file, andhangbutbya rArcii, the Percmfjieo will make an Impulfioa very 
necre as eafily , as if it were already in Motion. 

A Body Outr.qy-eat, or Ouer fmall, will not bee thrownc fb farreasa 7^4 
Body oi a Middle siz^: So that (irfecmeth) theremuftbcear<;«»we/»/»- 1 
ration, or Proportion, bctwecnc the Body Moued, and the Force, to make it I 
moue well. fheCwj^/^is, becaufe to the Impulfion, there is requisite the 1 
Force oi rhcBody\\ut Moucth,and the Reft/h>ice of thi^ Budy th,\t is Mo- 

\ued: k\\iS\\ iheBodyhe toa^reat^ it yeeldeth too little; Andif itbef<w' 

I /»».••//. it rtfi(k-th too little. 

j It is Common Experience, that no f^e/g^r will prefle or cUC fo ftrong, '755 

' being Liidvpona Body, as Falling, or flruckcn from abouc. Jt maylic 
the Aire harhfome part in furthering the Percujjion: Butthcchiefe Cau/e 
I take to be, for that the Parts oi the Body Moued, haue bv Impulfion, or 
bvthe Motion oi Grauity continued, a C^w/Tf /[»«« in them , as well down- 
wards, as they hane when they are throwne, or Shot thorow the ^tre, 

R 3 forw ards. / 


Solitary tou- 
ching ( UiUa- 

^J\(aturall HisloY) : 



Solitary tou- 
-thing the Sw>'- 
citj oiMimia 


tbrvvards. Iconceiuc alfo, thacthc quickc Loofco'i z\'\:lz Metiou ^ preiicn- 
teth the Refinance of the Body below j And Priority of the Pfirce (j[waks) 
is of great E^c.kj j As appeareth in infinite Infijnces. 

Tickling is moft in the Silts of the F«f , and vnder the Arme-HoUs^ 
and on the i'/<if/. The Caufe is, the Thiitmjje of the 5)t/»»tf in thofe 
i'rf;^/^^ loyncd with the Rarenefle of being touched there. For allTick- 
Imgisa. light Aftf//tf« of the Spirits^ which the ThianeJJ'e o( the Skui^ and 
Suddennejfe^ and Rarenejje ot Touchy doe further : For we (ce, a Fe^ther^ or 
aic:«/Z» drawne along thcZ./)p, or Chetke^ doth tickle ; Whereas a Thing 
niurc 0^f«i/t, or a roof /? more ^4?"^, doth not. And for Suddenne^e j We 
fee no ^^4« can tickle himlelfe : We fee alfo, that the Palme of the Ha»d^ 
though It hath as Jhia a Skin^ as the other P^rts Mentioned, yet is not 
Ticklilh, bccaufe It is accuftomed to be Touched. Tickling allbcaufeth 
Laughter. The Cat$fe may be, the Emijiion of the Sprits^ and fb of the 
Breuih, by a F light from Titi'L-.tioa j For vpon Ticklings we fee there is eucr 
a Starting, or Shrittk/oga.vfay o{ the Part, to auoid itj And we fee alfo, 
that if you Tickle the NeJlhriUs^ witha Feather, or Straw , itprocureth 
Sneeuag j Which is a Sudden Emi^ion of the Spirits, that doe like- 
wife expell the Mtijiure. And Tickling is euer Painfull, and not well 

iT is ItrangCj that the Riuer of Nilui, Oucr-flowing as it doth, the 
Country of '^gjpt, there fhould be neuerthelefle little or no Rune in 
thatC»««r;. IhtCan/e muftbe, Either in iht Nature oH\vq water ^ Or 
mi^c Nature o^ ihc Aire '^ Or of Both. InthefK^/^r, it may be afcribed, 
either vnro the Long Race of the yvater; For swift Running Heaters va- 
pour not fo much as standing tvaters j Or elfe to the Conceciion of the 
pvater j For waters well ConcoBdd vapour not fo much as waters Raw j No 
more than ^^^f^rj vpon the Fire doc vapour fo much, after fome timeoi 
Boyling, as at the firfl:. And it is true, that the Water o^Niltts is fweetcr 
than other Waters in Tafte j And it is excellent Good for the Stone, and 
ffypochondnacaU Melancholy -, Wbich fheweth it is Ze^^^w^ : And it run 
ncth thorow a Countrey of a Hot Climate ^ and flat, without Shade, either 
of Woods, or HiUs ; Whereby the Sunne muft needs haiie great Power 
to|C<?»w3 it. As for the Aire, (from whence I concciue this Want of 
, Showers commeth chiefly -,) The Caufe muft be, for that the A/re is, of 
It ielfe. Thin and Thirjiy j And as foone as euer it getteth any Meifturc^ 
from the Water, it imbibeth, and diffipateth it, in the whole body of the 
Aire ^ And fuffercth it not to remaine in raj)our-^ Whereby it might 
breed Ratne, 

Solitary tou- 
ching Ctoiji- 



IT hath beene touched in the Title of Percolatigns, (Namely fiich as 
are Inwards,) thatthew&i/^/offi^*, and^f/^t^ doeclarifie^ And it is 
certaine, that 'm*y£gypt, they prepare and clarifie the water o( Nile, by 
putting it into great larres o^ Stone, and Stirring it about with a few 

'Century, V i i j. 


j Stamped Almonds j Wherewith they alfo bclmearc the Mouth of the 
j ri'JJell-^Av.d f o draw it off, after it hath relied lome time.It were good, 
to trie this Clarifyingwii^yAlmonds^inNeiv Bcere^or Mujl^to haiicn,and 
i perk'Cl the cLnfying. 

THere be fcarcc tobe found 3iX\y yegetablcs^t\i3ii hawcBrmches^und no 
LciAfXjCxcept you allow Coralliox one.But there is allb in the Df- 
'fins ois.MJcurio in t^jryptyH Plant which is Long,LeauelclTc, Browne 
, ot Colour, and Branched like Cori///,faue that it clolcth at the Top.Jhis 
being let in W-'^ftr within //o/it/f/preadeih and difplayeth ftrangely^ And 

the people thereabouts haue a SuperftitiousBeleefCjthat in liicL^^ewr 
of^ omaij it helpeth to the Ejjie Dvliucruncc. 

THc Cry^aUincf^eniccGhjfe^ is reported to be a Mixture, in equal! 
Portions, ot Stona, brought from Puuia by the R iiterJictami; A nd 
the Ajhes of a ivcedc^Wcd by the Arabs Kdl^ which is gathered in'a De- 
//rtbetwecnc Alewindri^tind Refat^i-^And is by the t^gyptians vied firft 
tor Fucll, And then they crulli the Aflies into Lumps, like a Swic- And 
I'o fell them co the l^cnaijns for their GhJJ'e-rporkes. 

I r is Ilrange,and well to be notcdjhow long C^r/'^^f /hauc continued 
ynconupt^And in the former Dimenfxons 5 As appeareth in the Mum- 
mies of ..dBif )y;f jHauing laftcd, as is concciucd, ( lome of them ; ) three 
thoufand ycercs.It is true,they findcMcancs to draw forth the Br.ihics 
and to take forth thc£//fM//<?/, which are thcPjr-waptcitto corrupr.But 
that is nothing to the Wonder; Forwec fee, whata Soft andCorrup- 
ih\csubfiance ihcFlej\}^o^aW. the oiher Parts ofthefioi^,is.Bi)t it Hiould 
fecmCjthat according to our OhferuatioH^^nd Axiome ^in ourhundredth 
Experiment, Ptitrc fusion, which we conceiuc ro be fo Naturalla. Period 
o^BodieSj is but an Accident-^ And that Matter maketh not that Ha lie ro 
Corrnption, that is conceiued. And therefore Bodies in shining' Amber ■ 
lt\ ^^ck-Siluer-y InBalmcs^ ( whereof we now fpeakcj) In^^^av In 
Homy ; In Gtwunes •, Aiid(it may be ) in Conferuatories o^Snow • &:c. arc 
prelcrucd very long.It need not goc forRepetition,if we relume agjinc 
that which wc fliid in the afore laiJ Experiment^ concerning AnnihiLni- 
on ; Namely, that if you prouidc againft three Causes of Ptitnf.FHoi, 
Bodies wiW nor corrupt : The firft is, that the Airchc excluded-^ hot rh:u 
vndcrminerh the /'o;/r,and conipircth with the Spirit of the Body to dii- 
Ibluc ir.TlieSc cond is, that the Body A di.icent and Awbieat be notCom- 
m.JfcrialljbiitmecrelyHeterogcneall towards the Body that is robee 
prefcrucd: For if Nothingcan be receiued by the One, Nothing can if- 
liiefrom the OtlK;r-,Such are Ovd'e-Silucr,AndtvhitC'A?nl-er/o Herbs, 
and F//V/,and luch;?o^/Vx.The Third is,thac the Body to be prcferuc d,be 
not of that GrolJc,t\ut it m.iy corrupt within it felfc, although no Part \ 
of it ifli)c into the Body Adi^cent : And therefore it mull be rather Thi>i 
aud Small, than o^ Bui lie. There is a Fourth Remsdie nUb, which is; | 

f huC ' 

Solitary cou* 
chmgPkms , 

7^9 i 

diing ihe Ma- 


Solitary tou- 
ching P eh'ih'i. 
tion ot I rutrcfa. 
(iiim,nnd ihc 
M ot Bodies. 



!I\(atura'J tJijiory 


Solitary tou- 
ching the /l- 
bumkiice o( Ni- 
tre iacecuiae 


Solitary tou- 
ching Bodies 
that ate i(»7ie 
vp by iVMcr. ■ 


SoiitDty tou- 
that con'umtth 
lutk,oi mtb'mg. 


That lithi: Body zo be prefcrucd bi^oiBulh, as a Corps is, then the Bsdjf j 
ihaclnciofetliu^muft haue aVcrtuetodrawforthjanddriecheiWoi/Jayc j 
ot tlic Inward Body ; For clfc the Putrifutiion will play within, though 
nothing ifluc forth.I rememberLi/^doth relate,that there were found, 
at a time, two CojinsoiLeady in a Tombe ; whcrcofthe one contained 
the Bodyoi KingNuma -^ it being Ibme foure hundred yeares after his 
Death : And the oihQi^)xi'iBookesoi Sacred Rites AV\d Ceremonies y^x\d the 
Difciplhu of the Pontifes\h.nd that in the Co^n that had the Bodic^xhtxc 
wa>Nothing(at aU)to be feen,but a little lightCrWerj about the Sides-^ 
But in the Co^h that had the Boohs, they were found as frelli ,as if they 
had beene btic newly Written jbeing written in Parchment ^a.nd coucrcd 
oucr with ^yatch- Candles of «^*jx,three or foure fold.By this it feemeth, 
that the ^o»?.j«j, in A'wwj'j time, were not fo good Embalmers, as the 
xy£gyptians were •, Which was xht-CauJe that the Body was vtterly con- 
fumcd.But I find in Plutarch, and Others, that when Aujijffim C^far 
vilited the Sepulchre o( Alexander the Great,in Alexandria, he found the 
Body to kcepc his Dimenfion-, But withall, that, notwichftanding all the 
£»;/'j//«iKgi( which no doubt was ofthebefl,) the i?o^ was fo Tender, 
as Crfpr touching but the A7o/f of it, defaced it. Which malceth mce 
finde it very ftrange,that thef^f^yptian Mummies lliould be reported to 
beasHardas5fo«e-/'/>f/' : For 1 nnde no difference but one j Which 
indeed may be very Materiall ; Naniely, that the AiKient ^yEqyptian 
Mummies,wcxc iTnrowded in a Number of Folds oiLinnen, bcfnieared 
wWwGummes^in manner oiseare-cleth-y^^hich it doth not appcare was 

NEarethcCrf^/f ofCrf^V, and by the Wellso^Ajfan, intheLW of 
idumea, a great Part of the Way, you would thinke the Sea were 
ncare hand, though it be a good diftanceoff ; And it is Nothing, but 
the shining of the Nitre, vpon the Sea Sands ; Such Abundance oi Nitre 
the Shores there doe put forth. 

rHc Dead-Sea,w\iich Vomiteth vp Bitumen, ts of that Crajsitude,as 
L/«7«^ £0(^/V/ boundHand and Foot, caft into it, hauebeen borne 
vp,and not lunke.Which lliewethjthat all 5/«i&/«g into /^jfe/., isbutan 
Ouer-u'eight ofthe Bodj,\)m into the water, in rcfped of the water : So 
that you may make w'jrfr fo flrong, andheauy, oi Qujck-siluer, ( per- 
haps, )or the like, as may beare vp/ro«; Ofwhich I (ec no Vfe^but Im- 
pofture. We fee alfo, that all Mttalls, except Cold^ox the fame reafon, 
fwimme vpon ^ujck-filuer. 

IT is reported,that at the foot of a HiU,neAve the Mare mort mm, there 
is a Blacke Stone, ( wbereoi Pilgrims make Fires,)which burncth like a 
Geale, and diminifheth not ; But onely waxeth Brighter and Whiter. 
That it fhould doe fo,is not ftrangejFor wc fee Iron Red Hot burnerh, 
and confumeth not:Buc the ftrangcnelTc is, that it fhou Id continue any 


Century, V I i i. 


timefo: Fo'r/roa, asfooneas it is out of cheFirc, deadcth ftraight- \ 

waics. Certainly, it were a Thing of great VfCjand Profit, if you could 

findc out FiitUy that would burnc Hot, arid yet laft long ; Neitht-r am I 

i altogether Incredulous, but there may be luch Candles, ds they iayare 

1 made of Salamanders }veoiJ: Being a Kinde of Af/«erj//,which white heih 

i alio ill the Burning, and confumeth not. The QMcllion is this , Flame 

j muft be made of fomewhat j And commonly it is made of iome Tanii- 

I l/U Body, which hath ivei^t :, But it is not impolTible, perhaps, tfiat it 

ihouki be made oi Spirit or yafour, in a Body ; ( which Spint or Fapour 

\k:x[h no iveight; ) fuchas is thcMatter of/g«»y Fatmu. But then you 

will lay, that that ri;;70«rdlfo can laft butaihortiime.'Tothacit may 

be anfwcred,That by the helpe of 0/7e and tvax^^ad other Cnndle-Stuff'e^ 

the Flame may continue jand the ivieke dot burnc. 

!.-.;*: V . 

SEa-Code laft longer than Char- ComU ; And char-CoM of J?oer/,being 
coaled mto great Pceces, laft longer than Ordinary Char-CeJc. 
TurfCyAttd PeatySiadCon>-shejrds,3iic chape Ftrelsyind lail long. Smul- 
Coalcy or Briar-CoaU, powred vpon char-Goa /c, make them laft longer. 
5^(;/j;eisacheapcF«c//toBrcw, orBakewith ; the rather becaulc it is 
good for Nothing clfe. Trull would be made of ibrae Mixture oisea- 
Coalc with Earth, ox Cbalh^Voi if that Mixture be, as the Sea-CoaU'Mcn 
vie it,priuily,to makethe Bulkeof the Coa/egreater,it is Deceit; But if 
it be vied purpofcly, and be made knownc, it is Sauing. 

IT is, at this bay, invfe, xnGaza^to couch Pot-Sheards oi rcJJ'els of 
Earth, in their }Valls,to gather the mni from the Top, and to paflc it 
downcin Spouts into Roomes. It is a Deuicefor Frejh»ejfe, i(i great 
Heats: And it is faid, there are Iome Keemesia Italy, and Spaine, .for 
FrefhHeffe,aad Gatheringthe Winds, AndAire,m thcHeats of Sumr»er.But 
they be but Pennings of the mnds, and Enlarging them againe, ?nd Ma- 
Z'/«gthcm Reuerkrate,andgoeroittidiaCirclcs,TAthei than thisD^«;Vf of 
Spouts in the fvall. 

-, ■ !.kIll"A',v^Jl,Ul;rfv.'v.'^••■^ 

THcre would be vfed much cfih'gence,ih the Choife of fome Bodies, 
and places^(AS it wcre)for the Tafiing o£Aire;X.o difcoucr the ffi:el- 
fomene^e or rntvholefsmentjfe, as well oiSeafons, as of the Seats oi Dwel- 
lings. It is ccrtaine, that there bcforae Houfes, wherein Confitures, and 
/'/ffjWillgather.l/owWjmorethanin Others.And I amperfwadcd,that 
a Peece of Raw FhjJ}, or Fiji}, will fooner corrupt in fomc ^ins, than in 
Others. They be noble Experiments, that can make this Dijlouery j For 
they fcrucfora A^rttam// DiuinutionioiSeafonS'^ Better than the Ajiront- 
mersan by their Figures : And againe, they teaich Men whtre to chulc 
their Dvodling,tox their better Health, 


Solitary 0ci9- 
VDmuail low- 


Solitary cou- 
ching the Ga- 
thwai oftrhut 


Solitary tou- 
ching ihcTri> 
jlls oiAaes- 


Here is a Kind o{ Stone, ^Q\itBethleetH,vt)x\ch they grinde to Poxv- Experiment 
^fr,and put into/f'<7fcr,whercof CJrtf/Zdrinkejwhich maketh them ^jjj"l« °t^' 

giue ' 


!7\(atural! Hijiory: 

■juf, of Mil{e in 

i 778 

Soliiaiy tou- 


bolicaiy tou- 
ching the 
Grevftboi Co- 



Sulicaiy tou- 
ching the Co- 
thertng of 

Solitary tou- 
cliing ihc Cor- 
riSutgoi trine. 



giiie more M///f. Surely, there would be fome better Trialls made of! 
Mixtures of ^^tcr in Ponds for Cattcll^ to make them more Af/hh.,0: to 
Fatten them •, Or to Kec^e th^m from Murraine. Ic may be, clxilie^ and 
NitrCyiTC of the beft. 

IT is reportcdjthat in the ratley^ncere theAfou^dine Carmel^xnlude^^ 
there is a .?W, which of all othcr,hath moft affinity with Glijje j In- 
fomuch as other Minerals, laid in it, turne to a Gbfje Snbjiafia, with- 
out the F/Vfj And againe C?/</^ put into it,turncrh into the 
The thing is very ftrange,it it be true: And it is likelieft to beCaufcd by 
fome NaturallFornace^ox Heat in ihcEarth: And yet they dde not fpeak 
ofany Eruption o( were good to try in GbJJe-frtrkeSjWhcthtt 
the Crude Materials oiGlaffe, mingled with Glajft, already made, and 
Rc-mouken, doe not facilitate the Making of Glajje with lefle Heat. 

IN the Sea^ vpon the south-tf^cjl of Sicily^ much CoraUis found. It is a 
Sub-Marine Plant. It hath no Leaues: It btancheth only when it is vn- 
dcr yvater ; It is Soft, and Greene o^cdour ^ But being brought into the 
Aire, ii becommeth Hard, and shining Red, as weeTee. It is faid alfo, 
to haue a ivhite Berry, But we finde it not brought ouer with the Cor all. 
Behke it is caft away as nothing worth:Inquire better of it, for the Dif- 
ceuery of the Nature of the Plant. 

THtManna of C^/^W^/isthebefl;,and in moft Plenty. They gather 
it from the Leafe of the Mulberry Tree j But not of fuch Mulberric 
Trees, as grow in the ralky's. And M^mna falleth v poh the Leaues by 
Night,zs othcvDewes do.It fhould feeme,that before thofe Dewes come 
ypoaTrees, in thefO/Zfj'Vjthey dilTfpate, and cannot hold out.It fhould 
feemealfOjthe Mulberry-Leafe, it feife,hathfome Coagulating Vertue, 
which infpifTatcth the Dew, for that it is not found vpon other Trees :, 
And wee lee by the si U'e-H^orme, which fccdeth vpon that Z,f.?jfe, what a 
Dainty Smooth Juyce it hath j And the Leaues allb,( efpecially of the 
Blacke Mulberry, ) are fomewhat Briftly, which may helpc to preft rue 
the Dew. Certainly, it were nor amifle, to obferue a little better, the 
DcTMS that fall vponT/ff j,or//f r/i/jGrowing on Mountaines-^Vor it may 
be, many Dewes fall, that fpend before they come to the ralleyes. A^id I 
fuppofc, that he that would gather the be dM.y- Dew for Medicine, 
fhould gather it from the Hils. 

IT is faid, they haue a manner, to prepare their Greek- Wines, to keepe 
them fj:omFuming,3T\dJnebriating,by adding ComeSnlphur^OT^llofne: 
Whereof the one is FnBmw, and the other is Ajhingent. And certaijifc 
it is, that thofe two Natures doe beft reprcffe Fumes. This Experiment [ 
would be transferred, vnto other Wine, and Strong Beere, by Putting in ; 
fome like 5«^j(Jdnffi-,whiJ|jc they worke j Which may makcthem both . 
to Fume le(Ie,and to inflame IcfTe. I 

It I 

Century. V H I, 

IT is concciuedby fomc, (hot improbably,) that clic reafon, why mlde- 
FireSy (wherjof the princi pall Ingrcdicnus Ditumen^) doc not quench 
w\l\\ fVjtcr^ is, for that thefiril Concretion oi Bitumen \s a Mixture o^ i 
Fjerjy and n'atrj Subjitncc : So is not SutphMri Thisappcareih, for that 
in rhcf/df^nearcPwtw//, which they call the Court o{ ruicas^ you iTiall 
hcarcj vnder the Earthy a Horrible Thiindring of iF/rf , and H'ater^ con- 
Hiding together : ^hd there brcake forth alio Sptmts of Boyliag IVater, 
Now that P/4C* yeeldeth grcit^<j«Wie/ofif/'«iwif«^ Whereas «^f»4j 
and re/uuitu, and the like, which confift vpon Sulphur^ ilioot forth 
Smfidke^ and y4/hes^ and Pumt'ce^ but no neater. It is reported allOj that Bi- 
tumen Mingled with Limt^ and Put vnder t-l-'?/fr, will make, as it were,dn 
Artificiai Rocke-^ The ^w^//4»;ebccommeth fo Hard. 

T Here is a C^wi"** compounded of FWrf, vyhiteso^ Eggcs^ xn^S Stone 
powdred, that beconiincth Hard as MjrUe j wherewith Pifcmt mira- 
Ifilii, ncarc Cuma^ isfaidto haucthc Walls Plaltered. Anditiscercainc, 
and tried, that the Powder q{ Utd Stone ^ And Flinty by the Addition of 
n'^ites of P-^efs, and Gum-Dragoiiy made into Pajlcy will in a few dayes 
harden to the Hardncirc of a Stoats. 


Soliiaiy tou- 
ching the Ko' 
Urulioi tfikt-l 


Solitary cou- 
growing ai 

784 - 

I jThath bccne noted by the Jncientiy that in Fh]Iox Impure Bodies, rl- 
I 1 cers or Hurts in the L^j^j, arc Hard to Cure ; And in the Head more Ea- 
(Ic. Ther-rm/fis, for that r/«rj or A/i»r/j in the Lrpj require Deficcatiotfy 
j whidi by the DeflHxioiioi Humoars to the Loxver Parti ishindrcd^Wher- 
a$^»;riand r/f^r/intheZ/^f-w/ require it not- But contrariwise pr/«<?//> 
makcththcm more apt to Confohdatc. And in Moderne Obferuation, 
the like difference hath beene found, betweenc Frencb-Mepy and Ertglifh- 
Men-^ WhereoftheonesC«»/?//««'#»is more Drie, and the others more 
Moift. And therefore a Hurt of the Head is harder to cure in a French- 
Many and of the L cgge in an EwgUfh- Man. 

IT hath becnc noted by the Ancients^ that Southerne WindSy blowing 
niuch,withont ^^?/W,doecaufea Feuourom Di/pofttionohhcTTeare-^ But 
with Eaine, not. The Canfe is, for that Sonthernemndi doc, ofthemlclucs, 
qualificthc -/rre^tobe apttocaufc Feuers; But when Showers are ioy- 
ncd, rhcy iW Refrigerate in Part, and Checkc the Sultry Hejt of the 
Sou'.herne Hinl. Therefore this holdeth not in ihc^Sea-Coafts, becaufe 
the f^/'<?«*' of the sa, without ShowerSy doth refrefh. 

IT hath beene noted by the Ancients , that noandf wtiich are m^de 
with Bra(jey hcalc more eafilv, than fyonnds made with lott. The Can/e 
is, for that Br^ffe haith , in it fclfe, a sanatine Vertne j And fo in t!ie very In- 
ttanr hclpcrh fbmcwhat: But /r*« is Corrojiue^ and not Sanatiuc. And 
thcit?forc it were good, that the Inftruments which are yfed by Chimj;. 
?M«/aboutwounds,wereratherof^r4//fjthan//w. ' ' ' 

J>oJitaiy tou- 
ching tiidge- 
mmiof the 
Curt in fomc 
yUtes and 



Solitary tou- 
ching the 
or Fnhtallhful. 


S<Jit3ry tou- 
ching JTewsi/x. 


\ "r- 


Solitary lou- 

I 7S8 

^\(aUirall History : 

I Solitary tou- 


ching the Su. 
ftfVttAtm of 

Soliiaiy tou- 
ching tiieF//- 
iagot yitquedl 

IN the Ctld Cfiuniries, when Mens Ncjcs and Eirts arc Mortihcd, and 
(as it were) Gangrened with Co/^, if rhcycornctoaFirCj they rot off 
prefcntly. The Caufe is^ for that the few Spirits, that remainein ihofe 
i'^r;/, are fuddcnly drawne forth, andfo Putri/aBion is mAdcCompkat. 
BmSafitP Putvponthem, helpcth; For that it prcferueth thoCc Spirits 
thatremaine, till they can reuiue. Andbcfides, 5»tf» hath in it a Secret 
Warmth : As the wl/owJt^proued out of the T<xt j ^oddat Niaem ftcut La- 
nim^ Gtlu ftcitrCineres Jpargit, Whereby he did inlerre, that ■?«*»> did 
warme likef^W//, and Frojidid fret like A(hes. warme Frater alio doth 
good J Becaufe by little and little it openeth the Pores, without any fud- 
dcn Working vpon the Spirits. This Experiment may bee transferred 
vntothe CiirfofG4«grc?i»«, either Comming of themfelues, or induced 
by too much Applying of O/Mlw; Wherein you murtbewareof D/7c_; 
//w*, and reforttoThings that are ^f]?ig^r^»f, with an Inward iV^rmth, . 
and Tirr;*^ of Gherifhing. 

VT TEigh 7r*«, and ^^w F#rr*r , feuerally ; Thendiflbluc the/rwin 
Vv the Jq»4 Ptrtk : And weigh the Diffolittion ^ And you fhall finde 
it to bcare as ^oodWeight^ as the Bodies did feuerally : Notwithlhnding 
agooddealeof Wafte, byathickcr4/><>»r, that iffucth during the w?r- 
king : Which (Tieweth that the opening of a Bffdj, doth increafc the 
fveight. This was tried once, or twice, but I know not, whether there 
were any Erroitr^ in the TrtAll. 

TAke of Aq»a-PcrtU two Ounces^ of Quich-filtter two Drachmes • (For 
that Charge the Aqita-Ftrtss wilibtiaxc-^) Ihe Dijfolut ion will no: 
beare a Flint, asbi^as il^utmgg: Yet (no doubt) the Increaring of the 
freight 0^ ivater, will increafe his Fewer oi Bearing 5 As wee fee £rtf/i»e, 
when it is Salt enough, will beare an Egg^e. And I remember well a Phx' 
fitian^ that vfedtogiue fome Minerall Baths for the GMt, &c. And the 
Body when it was put into the Bath, could not get downefo cafily, as in 
Ordinary Water. But it fccmcth, the fyeight of the ^ickjiluer, more 

I than the Weight of a stone j doth not compenfe the Weight of a Stone, moife 

1 than theWf;^i&/ofthe-^^a4-F«/r«. 

LEt there be a Body o^P^ne^naU Weight ; (As oiff^ood and Lead, or Bone 
and Leadi) If you throw it from you with the Light- End forward, 
it willturne, and the iveightier £»<i will recouer to be Forwards 5 Vnlefic 
the Body be Ouer-long. The Canfe is, for that the more Denfi Body, hath ' 
a more Violent Prf//Wr* of the Parts, from the firft Impulfim ; W'hich is 
the Ciiufe, (though heretofore not found out, as hath becne often faid,} 
of all Violent Motions : And when the Hinder Part moueth fwifter, (for 
that it leilccndureth Preffitre o( Parts,) than the Porvard Part an make 
way for it, it muft needs be, that the Bodjiwme ouer: For (turned) it 
can more eafily draw forward the Lighter Part. GaliUtts noteth it well 3 
I That if an open Trough, wherein ff^ater is, be driuen fafter than the^^wr I 
j -■'" 1 


Century, V 1 1 1 * 

i can ioWow ^i\\c fViiter gathcreth vpon an hcapCjtovvards the Hinder End 
where the /]/mo» began 5 Which he ruppofcth, (holding confidently 
I rhc Motion of the Earth ^)io be the dwfe ot the Ebbing and floiring of the 

iom?/;jBccaufcche£j;t/»ouer-runneth the fK-tf;-. Which T/'forj'/Jiotigh 
: irbefalfe,yetthcfirft£xj)mwe«f isrrue. As for the Inequd/tj of the 
■ Piijfurc of Parts ^11 appcareth manifellly in this ; That if you take a Bodjy 
\ oiStoney or ;ro«,and another of IVeorfjOf the lame Mjgnitudc,AT\dshir^c^ 
' and throw them with ecjuall Force, you cannot polTibly throw the 
! irood, Co tarre, as the Stone, or Iro». 


IT is certaine, (as it hath bccne formerly, inparr,toiieiK?d,) thatwu- 
ter maybe the Mediuhi of Sounds. If you dalli a Stone aganift a Stone 
in the Bottome of the fruiter, it maketh a Sound. So a long Pole ftrucke vp- 
on Graucll^ in the^o«owf oftheW''jrfr, maketha5o.vW. Nay, if you 
lliouldthinke that the 5e««</commeth vpby the Pelc, and not by the 
ft^jtcr, you lliall findc that an -r4«f/.'<»r, let downcby a/?o^?^f, maketh a 
S6uf;d j Ant! yet the Ro.i^e is no Solid Body, whereby the Sound can 

ALL Ohtecls ofthe5r«/t'i,which arc very Ojfenjiue^docAuQ: iht Spi- 
rits to retire; And vp on their Fliglttythc Parts urc (in (bme degree) 
dcftitutej And (o there is induced in them ^Trepidation nt\AHorrour,Vox 
Sounds ^'Q fee that the Gratingd^a. 5^n>,orany \cxy H^trjl) Noife^wiW fct 
cheT^rt^on edge,and make ail the ^o^Shiuer. ForTafics, wclcethat 
in the Taking ofa Potion^ or Pils^thc Heiidand the Nech fhake. For O- 
diom Smelsy the like Effcft followcth, which is ielTe percciued, becaufe 
there is a Remedy at hand, by Stopping of the Nofe: But in Horf^s ^thax 
can vfe no fuch Helpe,we fee the Smell ofa C<7mo«,efpeeially ot a Dejd 
Horfe, maketh them fiieaway,and take on,almofl:as if they Were Mad. 
For Feeling, if you come out of the Sunne, fuddcnly, intoai'Wf , there 
foUowetha Chilnejfe, or Skittering in all the Body. And euen in Sights 
which hath (in effeift) no Odious ObieBy Qoxumitigiv\io Sudden D,(rk- 
nejjcy induceth in 0£^er to Shiucri 


Scjjtiry tou- 
ching *r<i«r, 
thacicniay bcc 
the Mtdmm of 


Solitary of the 
Spin:s vponO' 
dioia ObiiHs. 


TI-J<^rc is, in the City oCTicinttmyin It-ily, a churchy that hjih Win- 
dowos only from abone : It is in Length an Hundred Fcer^ ih 
BieadchTvircnty Feet,and in Height neere Fifry.,Hauinga Doorciu the 
Middeft. Icreportethther'(7/Vf,iwelue,orthirtt-eiietimcs,ifyouftdnd 
by the Clofe End ;r.;//,ouer againft the Doore.lhe Eccko fadeth and dy- 
eth by little and little ,as the Eccho at Pom-fh.irenten doth. And the P'oire 
foundeth, as if it came from aboue the Voore. And if you (tand -it the 
Loirer End, or on either Side of the Doore^ the Eccho holdet h-^But if you 
ftand in the Doore, or in the Middefi iuft our r againft the i>oo>r, uct. \ 
Note that all Eccho' s (luind better againft Old fvjls, than Ne^r ; Becau ic I 
thcv are more i)r|' and //(?//on». 

_^ S . Thole ' 

SolKjry tou- 
ching the Sh. 
of Bcchj's. 



Solitary tou- 
ching thcFerte 
of ImagiiialioH, 
of ihcSew/e. 

, 795 

^aturall Hijiorj: 


Solitary tou- 
ching Prtfcvua- 
I'wnoi Bodies. 


Solitary tou- 
I chingthc 
Growth, or 



Hofe E£eBsy which arc wrought by the Peraijfion of the Senfe,ind j 
by Tijiags in FaEi, arc produced hkewilc in lomc degree, by the ' 
Immnatien. Therefore if a Man fee another eat Sowre or yicide Things^ 
which fet the Teeth on cdge,thisO/'/efl tainteth the Imaginution.So that 
he that feeth the Thing done by another, hath his owne Tmh alio let on 
edge. So if a Man fee another turne fwifily, and long j Or it hec lookc 
vpon^w^ff/f/thatturne, HimfelfewaxethT«r«f-JiV/.'f. SoifaManbce 
vpon an Hi^ Place., without RaUes, or good Hold, except he be vied to 
it,hc is Reaciy to FalhF.or Imagining a F^//,it putteth his Spirits into the 
very u4Elien of a Fall. So Many vpon the Seeing of others Bleed^ or 
Strangledpr Tortured^ Themfelues are ready to faint, as if they Bled, or 
were in Strife. 

TAke a Stoci-Gtlty-Flowery and tie it gently vpon a Sricke, and put 
them both into a Stoop-GlaJJe^Mi ot ^ick-filuer^^o that ihtplower 
be coucrcd;Then lay a littlePfV/g/)t vpon the Top of thcG/rij^,that may 
keepe the Sticke downcj And look vpon them after foure or fiue daies- 
And you fhall finde the Flower Frcfh, and the Stalke Harder, and leffe 
F/fx/^/ethanit was. If you compare it vyiih another F/ojrerj gathered 
at the fame time,it willbe the more manifcft.This llieweih,that£:)^j>j 
doe preferue excellently in ^ick-filuer. And not preferue only,but,by 
the Celdnejfe of the ^ick-jUuerj Indurate • For the Frejhnejf'e of the 
Flower may be meerely Confermtioh V (which is the more to be obler- 
ued, becaufe the J^ickfiluer pxcf ... ehe Flower-^) But the Sti^enejfe oi 
the Stalke cannot be without Induration^iiom the Cold (as it iccmeth,) 
oitht ^uick-Jiluer. 

ITis reported by fome of the ^«rtV«t/,that in Cyprus, there is a Kinde 
of Iron, that being cut into Little Peeces, and put into the Ground, if 
izbc well i^atred, will increafe into Greater Peeces. This is certainc, 
and knowne of Old •, That LeadwiW multiply, and Increafe ; As hath ■ 
becnc (eene in OldStatua's of Stone, which haue bcene put in Cellars • j 
The Feet of them being bound withLeaden ^<z«^/^ Where(after atime) j 
there appeared, that the iM</ did fwell ; Infbmuch as it hanged vpon 
theStoneVike^arts. \ 

' Experiment 
> Solitary tou- 
1 chmgthc 
Vtotming of 
ihc»»«re B/ife 
iietttilia the 
mtre I retkui' 


t aWDroroningo^ Metals, whtVii\\ztx\[QBafer ^^^ftj//, is fo incorpo- 
l rate with the more Kich,as it can by no meanes be feparatcd againe : 
which is akinde of^erfion, though Falfc : As ifsiluer fhould be infcpa- 
rably incorporated with Gold-^Or Copper, a.ndLead,with sHuer.Tbe An- 
cient EleBrum had in it a Fifth ofsiluer to the Geld -, And made a Com- ; 
pound MetalU as fit for moft vfes, as Gold ; And more Refplcndenr, and 
moreQi^lificd in fome other Properties j Burthen that was eafiiy Se- 
parated. Thistodocpriuily, or to make the Compound pa(^Q for the 
Rich Mettall S imple, is an Adulteration^ or Counterfeiting ; But if it be 
done Auowedly, and without Difguizing, it may be a great 5<j/«w^ of 
1 the 



Century, V i a. 

the Richer Aietall. I remember to haue heard of a Man,skilfiill in Metdii^ 
thata Fifteenth Part ot'^/Y/^o', incorporate with Gdd^ will not be Reco- 
iiered by any neater oi ^e'/'.^n^n'o^j 'Except you put a Greater ^Hjmitie 
oiSiluer^ to draw to if the Lcffc ; Whith (he faid) is the laft Rcflige in Se- 
parations. But that is a tedious wavj which no-Maii (almoftj willthinke 
on. This would be better enquired j And the Ji^^antitie of the Fifteenth 
turned to a Twentieth ; And hkewife with fome httle Jdditioftaff, that 
may further the Intrinjique Incorporation. Note that Siluer'm GeldwiW be 
detefted hy ireight ^ covn^axtd with theDi>venfion- Bm Lead in Siltier, 
(Lfj^ being the tveightier MetnU^) will not bee deteded^ If you take 
fo much the more Siluer , as will countcruailc the Ouer-fveight of the 

GOldhrhc oxAySubfiance^ which hath nothing in it Fo^wr/A-, and}'et 
mclteth Without much difficulty- Ihc Arching flicweth that it is 
not leiune, or Scarce in Spirit. So that the Fixing of it, is not want q\' Spi- 
rit to fly out, but the Eq.raU Spreading of the Tangible Parts, and the 
ChfeCoiiceru.irionoithcnv Whereby they haue the lefte Appctirej and 
no meancs (at all) to iffuc forth. It were good therefore to try, whe- 
ther GLjjfc Re-Afou!ten dockcfc any freight .^ For the / jrr/ in Gbjfearc 
eucnIySprcd- But they are notfoClofe as in Gold-^ As wee fee by the 
EafieAdmi(rionofL;^^/;fj Heat, and Cold; Andby the SmalneJJe oi' the 
Weight. There bee other Bodies, Fixed, which haue little or no Spi- 
rit : So as there is nothing to fly out ; As wee fee in the Stujfe, where- 
ofCop^/t-/ are made i Which they put into F'trnaces; Vpon which f /re 
Worketh not : So that there are three Caufcs cf Fixation j The Euen 
^y^rw^Z/f^bothof the>sy;;;7>J-, and Tangible Parts-, TheClefeneJp: of the 
Tangible Parts -, And the leiuneneffe or Extreme Cor)itninution of Spirits: 
Of which ThrcCjthe Two Firft may be ioyned with a Nattm LiquefiaUe- 
The Laft not. 

{Tis a Profound Contemplation in Nature , to confidcr of the Etapti- 
nc£l' (as we may call it) or InfatufuHion of (etierall Bodies -, And of their 
Appetite to take in Others. Aire taketh in ^r^;; j,and Sounds,'xnd Smds, 
and rapours; And it is mod manifeft, that it doth it, with akinde of 
Thirft^asnotfitisficd with his ownc fomier Confiftencc; For clfe it 
would never receive them in fo fuddenly, and eafily. waiter and all Lf- 
</aor.f, doe haltily receive Bry and more Terrefiriall Bodies , Proportio- 
nable; And Dry Bodies, on thcothcr fIde,drinkeinP^'.7f«'x,andZ./^w/•J.• 
Sothar, (as it is well faid, by one of tlic Ancients, o( Earthly and if^'atry 
Sub fiances,) One is a Glue to another. Parchment, Skins, Cloth^ &c. drinke 
in Liquors, though thcmlelves be Entire Bodies ,ay\dnoiComminuted,a.% 
Sand and A^Iks • Not apparently Porous ; Metals themfelves doe re- 
ceiue in readily 5"fro«^-i-F.rfcr/; And Strong-Waters likcwifc doe readily 
pierce into y^/ff/?//, and Stones : And that Strong-water will touch vp- 
on Gold, that will not touch vpon Siluer - And e conuerfo. And Gold, 


-^ .S.2 


Solitary tou- 
ching F.Avir.'ofl 
of Bodia. 



Solitary tou- 
ching thcAf/i- 

Things in 
Tbenijelues, and 




SsQturaO Hiftorj: 

which fcemetfiby the weight to bee the Clofeft, andmoft Solid Body^ 
doth greedily drinkcin ^uUk-siluer. And it lecmeth,thatthis Reception 
of other Bodies ^ is not Violent : For it is (many times) Reciprocall, andas 
it were with Confent. Of the Caufe of this, and to what Axiome it may 
be referred, confidefattentiuely-. For as for the Prcttic Aflertion_, that 
Matter is like a Cemmen Strumpet y that dcfireth all Formes ^ it is but a 
fFandfinj^Netion. Onely Flame doth not content it (elfe to take in 
any other Body ; But either, to oucrcome and turne ano- 
ther Bod^ into it Selfe, as by Vidorie j Or it 
Selfc to dye, and goe out. 




iiit\ ■ ■ 



I X. Century. 

^vr5~5""o^3~5-^o-Fri?'i|T is ccrraine, diac all Bodies wliatfoe- 
c(^i%.^^.^^^,,^vn ^^j.^ though they haue no Senfe^ yci 

they hdue Perception : Fair when one 
Body is apphed to another, there is a 
Kinde of Election ^ to embrace that 
which is Agreeable, and to exclude 
oi cxpdl that which is Ingratc : And 
whether the Body bee Alterant, or Al- 
tered, eucrmorca Perception prcccdech Operation: Fordfeall 
Bodies would be alike One to Another. Andfometimes this 
Perccption'm feme Kindeof Bodies, is farrc more Subtillthan 
the5<?«/^; So that the 5f»/'? is bur a dull Thing in Compari- 
fon of It : Wee fee a IVeather-Glafe, will finde the leafl diffe- 
rence of the Weather, in Heat, or Cold, when Men finde it not. 
And this Perception alfo, is fometimesat Diftance, as well as 
vpontUc Touch; As when the L(7.ii^-5ro»^ draweth Jron , or 

S ) Flame 

in Confort, 
cc[tu>t in Btditi 
/n/c»/!W<, ten- 
ding CO Natural 
Diu'uutioi, or 




U^aturait Hijiorj: 

Flame fireth Naphtha of 'Babylotty a great diftancc off. Ic is 
chcrfbrca5«^/V<^ofa very Nohle Enquiry^ to enquire of the 
more SubtiO Perceptions j For it is another l{ey to open Na- 
turey as well as the Settfei And fomcrimcs Better. And be- 
GdcSf it is a Principall Meancs of Naturall Diuination , For that 
which in thcfc Perceptions appearcth early, in the great Ef- 
fe6is commcth long after. It is true al(b, that it (eructh to 
difcouer that which is H/W, as well as 10 foretell that which is 
to Corner As it is iu many SubtiRTriallsi As to try whether 
Seedsht old, or new, the Scnfe cannot informe; Bat if you 
boilethcm in Water, the New Seeds Y/iil iprout fooncr: And 
fo o( Water, thcTafte will not difcouer ihc bell Water ^ But 
:hc Speedy Confumtng of it, and many other Meanes which 
we hauc heretofore fet downe, will difcouer it. So in all Phy~ 
fio^nomy y the Lineaments oi the Body will difcouer thofc Na- 
turall Inclinations of thcM/W^, which Dijiimulation will con- 
cealc, or Difcipline will fupprcffc. Wee (hall therefore now 
i handle only, thofc two Perceptions, which pcrtaine to Natu- 
rall Diuination, and Difcouery: Lcauing the Handling of P^r- 
ception in other Things to be difpolcd Elfcwherc. Now it is 
true, that Diuination is attained by other Meanes ; As if you 
know the Cati(es\ If you know the Concomitants ; you may 
judge of the Effe6i to follow ; And the like may be faid of 
Difcouery; Bat we tie our Selues here, to thn Diuination zad 
Difcouery chiefly , which ii| Caufed by an Early, or Subtill \ 

The Aptnejfe or Propenfion of Aire, or Water, to Corrupt 
orPutrifie, (no doubt,) is to be found before itbrcakeforth 
into manifeft Effe6is of Difeajes, Bladings, or the like. Wee 
will therefore fet downe fomc Prognojiicks of Pejiilentiall 

The wind blowing much from the Souths without Raine-^ And 
fvarmes in the Oake-Apfle 5 haue bccne fpoken of before. Alfo the Plenty 
ofFrfigs, Crafhoppers, Sites, and the like Crettures bred of PutriftSim, 
doth portend Pefiikntiall Tetres. 

Grtat, and Etrly Heats in xhe Springs (and namely in Maj^) without 

Winds, portend the famcj And generally fodoe rwr« with little »^/ai, 

or Th»nder. 



(^enturj, I X. 

Great Drm^hti inSummer^ lading till towards the Endoi Aitgujl^ and 
fbme Geptle .'ihowcrs vpon them ; And then f ">me Drte M-'eahen-^Xme • 
Doe portend a PejUitnt Summer ^ the Tcarc following : For about the 
Endo'i Aa^i*jl,A\\ihi:^-a>cet,!effeoi ihe E.irth^ wliich gocth iaro PUnts, 
and Tr^« is exhaled ; (And much more if the ^''^ffy? ne driCj) So that 
nothing then can breache forth of the Earth, butagroffe yape»r^ which 
is apt to Corrupt ch;: Aire : And that Fapaur^ by the fir ft shtwers^ if they 
hcGentlt^ isrclcifedj and commcthf^rth abundantly,. Therefore they 
that come abroad foonc afcerthofe Showers^ arc commonly taken with 
Sicktieffe: And in Africke^ noBodie will llirreout of doorcs, after the 
firft Showers. But if the Shower* come vehemently, then they rather 
walli and fill the E.trth, than giuc it Icaue t j breathe forth prefcntly. But 
if I>r;wf4/&crcomeagainc, thcnitfixcth and continucrh the C^rra^rw^ 
of the yiire, vpon the firit ^^tfir^r^bcgun j And maketh itof ill InflueHce 
CHcn to the Next Summer-^ Except a very Fr^J})! H'imcr difcharge it. 
Which feldome fuocccdeth ii.ich Dreniht. 

'Xhe Lejfer infeHtcns ^ o[ the SmaU Peckes, Pwpfg Feuers, Agues, in the 
Summer Precaicnt^ and houcring all H^imer, doe portend a great Pe/Ij- 
leme in the Stimmer following , For PmrifiBion doth not rife to his 

I It were good to lay a Pact of Raw Fle(h^ or Fifb, in the Open Aircj j 
j And if it Putrifiii quickly, it isa5/^»fofa Diipoittionin tiic Aire to Pu- 
trifuBitn. And bvcaufe you cannot be informed, wnethcrthe PHtrifjBi- 
*«bequickeorlate, except you compare this Experiment with the like 
Experiments another Teare, it were not ami He, in the fame r^rf, and 
at the fime Time^ to lay one Peeceo[Fk(h^ or FtfJ), in the Open Aire and 
another of the fame Kiade and Bignclfe, within Doores : For I ludo'e that 
'ifagcnerall D///o^«w be in the ^/rr to Putrifie, the F/ry^, or F//^,' will 
fooner Putrifie abroad, where the Aire hath more power, than in the 
fffiufe, where it hathlcfle, being many wayescorrecied. And this £>?;»?- 
rimcKt would be made about the End o{ M.irch : For that Ses/ofi is likert 
todifcouer, what the f^7»ffr hath done ; And what the 5"*w»?fr follow- 
ing will doe vpon the Aire, And bccaufe iheAire (no doubt) rcceiueth 
great r/fl^«rf, and Infuftoi from the Earth. ^ It were good to trie that 
Expofi»goi Flefh, otpi^, both vpon a 5;4it<r of w-W, fomc heighth aboue 
the Earth, and vpon the FLjt of the Esrih. 

Tike May -Dew, and fee whether it putrifie quiclciv, orno? For that 
likewifcmay difclofe the ^j/«/e of the Aire^ Undy'tptHrohhc Earthy 
more or kf\^i; Corrupted. f 

A Drie Aftrch^ and a T>rtz Mjj^ portend a VVholcfome Summer^ if there 
hcAShtwring Aprtii betwcene: But otherwife, it is ASiineofaPeJitlrn- 
tiall Teircj. 

As the Di fee fiery of the PijpofUioH of the Aire^ is good for the Pr»- 
gncflickes ofivhdefomt, and rnv^hoUfame Tures .^ So it is of much more 
vfc, for the C/X7W of P/ifrrrro dwell in: Attheleaft, ioiUdii^es, zwd Re- 
tiring Places for ffeafih; (For Manfien Hnfci rcfpcd Prouifmsy as well 















■ I 

^J\(aturaU Htfiory: 

as Health jVVhcrein the Experiments aboue mentioned may fcnic. \ 

But for the Choice of PLices, or Sejts, it is good to make Trial!, not ' 
oncly Cii ^fitnejfe o^Aire to corriipt^ but alfo of the Moifture and Dnnejfe 
or the Aire j and the TiPfper of it, in Her.t^ or ^cld-^ For that may con- 
ceriie Health diucrfly. V\'e fee that there be fome Hoa/es^ wherein Sweet 
Meats will relent, and B^ked Meats will moiildjOiore than in othcrSj.And 
ff4/»/mj will alfo fweatmore; fo that they will almoft xunwithjvater : 
All which, (no doubt,) are caiifed chiefly by the Afo/]^»r^tf of the Atre^ 
in thofe Seats. But becaufc it is better to know it, before a Man buildcth 
his Houfe^ than to finde it after, take the Exferimenti following. 

Lay iveoU^ or a Sponge^ or^ in the Place you wouid'^ try, com- 
paring it with fome other /'/dc^/- And fee whether it doth notmoirten, 
and make the woolly or Sponge, &c. more Ponderous, than the other > 
And if it doe, you may iudge of that Place, as Situate in a.GroJJe^ and 
Mfftfi Aircj. 

Becaufeitiscertaine, that in (omtPbces, either by the iV.7/»rf of the 
Earthy oihy ihtSituationoiivoods^mdHi^s^ the ^/>«f is more Viiequall 
1 than in Others • And Inequality of Aire is cuer an Eoemy to He.iUh', 
It were good to take two ireather-Gl.iJJ'es^ Matches in all things, and to 
(et them for the {ame Hourcs of One day, in {cuerall, pLxes where no 
ShjdeiSy nor Eticbfans: And to marke when you fee tliem, how farre 
the tvater commcthj And to compare them, when you come againe, 
how the ^^4ffrftandeth then rand if you finde them Vncqaall^ youmav 
befurcthatthc Place where the Pi'ater is loweft, is in the warmer Aire 
and the other in the Colder. And the greater the Inequality bee, of the 
Afcenty c)xDc/cento£the fvater^ the greater is the 7wf^«4///; of the T<w- 

IhcPrediBions likewife of cW<i and Lengmnters^ and Hfit and Dry 
Summers^ are good to be knowne ; As well for the Difcoitery of the Cau- 
fes^ as for diners PrQui^ions. That of Plenty oi' H^iwes, and Heps, and 
Briar- Berries, hath beene fpoken of before. If Wainfcot, or Stone, i\izt 
haue vfed to Sweat, be more dry, in the Beginning of Winter-^ Or the 
Drops of the Eaues oiHoufes come more flowly downe, than they vie ; it 
portendeth a ^W, and Frojlymttter. The Caa/e is, For that it fhewcth 
an Inclination of the Aire, to Dry Weather j which in fvinter is eucr ioy- 

Generally, a Moifl and Coole Summer, portendcth a Hardmnter. The 
Caufeis, for that the P^^^^^jsj-j o^t\\e Earth, are not diUlpated in the ^«w- 
nter by the Sunne j And fo they rebound vpon the mater. 

A Hot and Dry Summer, and Amumne, andefpeciallyif the/Z^r^rand 
Drou^toxitnA. farre into September, portendethan Open Beginning of 
winter -^ And C^/^j to fucceed, toward the latter Part of theH^vWf;*, and 
the Beginning of the 5prwo; For till then, the former /^wf and Drought 
beare the Sway • And the Fiipeurs are not fufficicntly Multiplied. 

AnO|P^»and warme Winter portendetha Hotznd Dry si*f>i»ifr- For 
iht Vapours difperfe into the Winter showers -, Whereas Cold and Froft 




Qnturj, 1X» I toy 

kccpcth them in, and ttanfportcth them into the late S^fin^iz^d Summer ' 

Birds that vfc to change Countries ^ at certainc Seafons^ if tliey come ^ ^ ^ 
Earlier, doe fhew the Temperatureohreather, according to that Countrey 
whence they came : hsxhcmnter-Birds ^ (namely [Vmdc0ckcs^ Feldefjr£s, 
Sec.) if they come earlier, and out of the Norther ne Countries^ with vs 
(h'^wCsldWinters. And if it be in the fame Co««f rr^', then they fncvva 
Temperature of Seafon^ like vnto that Sc.ifo?i in which they come : As 
SiVdffowes^ Bats, Cuckooes^ &C. that come towards Summer^ if thc-y come 
early , (hew a Hot Summer to follow. 

The Pro^nojlides^ more Immediate, o{ Weather to follow foone af- %iy 
ter, are nwre Certainc than thofc di Seafons. The Refounding of r.hc 
Jwvponthe5/;oj;e, And the Murmuroi Winds '\n the fvoods, without 
apparent M^/Wj flieww;«(i to follow: For fuch PfVA^/, breathing cliieflv 
out ef the £-.;«/», are not at the firlt pcrceiued, except they bee perit, by 
Water ^ or fVood. And therefore a Murmur out of Canes likcwife portcn- 

The Vppcr Regions of the Aire^ pcrcciwe the ColkHion of the Matter § i § 
o(TempeJty and H''ind(, before the ^jW here below: And therefore the 
Ol/fcuring of the Smaller Starres is a Signe of Tempefis following. And 
of this kinde you fhall findc a Number of Infiamcs in our Inquijltion 

Great Mount aines hauc a Perception of the Dif^ojitien of the Aire to g j^ 
Tempcfls^ fooncrthan ihtValley'soi Plaines below : And therefore they 
CayinH^-Jes, when certainc HiUshauc tbeit Night-Caps on^ they meane 
Mifchicfc. The Caufe is, for that Tempefis, which arc for the moft Part 
brcdaboueiinthc Middle Region, (as they call it,) arefooneft perceiued 
to colled in the Places next it. 

The Aire,ind Fire^hmc Subtill Perceptions of mnd Rifing, before Men 820 
findc it. VVe fee the Trtmblingoi i Candle will difcouer a^iWthato- 
thcrwife wee doe not fcclc j And the FlexuoUi Burning of Flames doth 
(hew the Aire bcginneth to be vnquict ; And fo doe C^ales oiFire by Ca- 
fting off tlie A^)es more than they ufc. The Caufc is, for that no n'ind, at 
the firft , till it hath ftrooke and driucn the Aire , is Apparent to the 
Senfe: "Rut Flame is. cafier tomoue, than Aire : And for the A^jes, it is 
nomaniell, though W^/«4 unperceiucd (hake them off j For wee ufiially 
trie, which way the^'/«</bloweth, by cafting vp Grajje, or Chajfe, or 
fuch light Things, into the Aire, 

When mild cxpireth from vnder the Sea j As it caufeth fomc Refoun- 8a i 
dingoi the. Water ^ (Whereof wee fptkc before,) fb it caufeth fome Lig})t 
Motions o^ Bubbles, and IVhite Circles o( Frothy The C^iw/t- is,for that the 
mnd cannot bcpcrcciucd by the5*wy?', vntill there bee an Eruption of a 
gxeai^iintitic^ from vndet the w^rf r j And fo it gctteth into a Bodie: 
VVhcrcasinthcfirftP«rt7«^'y;7itcommeth in little Portions. I 

We fpakc of the AJhes^thax. Codes, ca{i off j And o^Grajfe^and Chajfe 1 g j , 
carried by the Wind • So any Li^t Thing that nioneth, when we findc no \ 

mnd, I 

-2o8 ^ 






jvind^ iTieweth a Wind at hand j A s when Feathers^ or Dow fie ot Thijiles 
fly to and fro in the ^/Ve. 

For Prognoflickss of Weather from Liuing Creatures^ it is to 
be noted ; That Creatures that Liue in the O/^^w ^ir^, (S«^ -D/o J 
muft needs hauc a Quicker ImprefionkomchcAire^ thanMen 
thacliuc moft within D^^^r^j ; And cfpecially fliy^i-, who Hue 
in the ^/>^, freeft, andcleareft j And are aptelt by their /^^ce_. 
to tell Talcs, what they finde j And like wife by the Motion of 
their Flight to cxpreffe the fame. 

fvater-Fowks^ (as Sea-GuUs^ More-Hens ^^c.) when they flocke and 
fly together, from the Sea towards the Shares^ And coritrariwife, Land- 
Bird/, (as Crowes, Svpallowes, &cO when they fly from the Land to the 
waters, and beat the ivaters With, their ?m^jj doe fore -fhcw^azW, and 
mnd. The Caufe is ^ Pleafure^ that both Kindcs take in the MoifineJJ'e ^znd 
Denfitie of the^w: Andfodefire tobein J/e«<7«, and vponthe^f'/wg, 
whither foever they would otherwifegoe: For it is noMarucl!, thatf-^'?- 
ter-Fowle doc ioy moft in that^w, which is likeft irater-. And Land- 
Birds alCo, (many ohhem,) deh'ght in BathingyandMoiJi /lire. For the 
fame Reafon alio, many ^zVf^/ doc proinc iheir Fe^nhers -^ And Geefe doe 
gaggle J And Crowes fceme tocall upon Raine: All which is but the 
Comfort they feeme to receiue in the Relentin^o^ the Aire. 

The Heron, when fhec foareth high, (foas fometimes fhee is feene to 
pafle ouera cloud,) fhewieth ?ri«^j; t>i\i Kites flying aloft^ (hew Faire 
and Drieireather. The Caufe may bee, for that they both mount moft 
into the Aire, of that Temper, wherein they delight : And the Heron, be- 
ing a fvater-Fewle, taketh pleafure in the y^frf,that is Condenled : And 
befides , being but Heauie oiwing, ncedeth the Helpc of the Groffer 
Aire. But the Kitez^eQcexh not fo much the Grojjenejje o( the Aire, as 
the Cold and FrefJMeJpe thereof-, Forbeinga^jWof/'rrj', and therefore 
Hot, fhee delighteth in the Frejh Aire ; And (many times) fly eth againft 
the tvind^ As Trout s, and Salmons fwimme againft the Streame. And 
yet it is tnicalfo, that all Birds finde anEafe in the depth of the -^W: 
As Swimmers doe ina Deepe water. And therefore when they are a 
loft, they can vphold themfelues with xheii fvings Sj^rcd, fcarcemouing 

Fijhes, when they play towards the Top of the ^^tf r, doe commonly 
foretell ^^/«f. The Caufe is, for that a P///j hating the Drie, will not ap- 
proach the^^Vf, tillitgroweth^oi/?; And when it is Drie, will fly it, 
and Swimme Lower. 

Beafis doe take Comfort, (generally,) ina MoiflAire ; And it makcth 
them eat their Meat better: And therefore sheepe'wiW getvp betimes 
in the Morning, to feed, againft /?^i«e: Pi.ndCattell,and Deere, andCon- 
neyes, will feed hard before i^^we.' hnd a. Heifer, will put vp his Nofe, 
and (huffe in the ^/Vc, againft ^«»f. 


Century. IX. 




chjng chet^tf- 

in the Sttmtcb. 


The TrifoiU, againfl: Rattle^ fwelleth in the suike^ and (o llandcth 
more vprighr ; For by»v/, Stalkes doc ereil, and Le:ines bow downc. 
There IS a Small Red Plower in the Stubble- Fields, which Country Peo- 
ple call the Wmeopipe j Which it it open in the Affimimg^ you may be furc 
ofat'aire O4; to follow. 

Eucn.'mM</fj Aches ^ and Hurts ^ and Ctrnes, doe cngrieiTc, cither to- 
wards Ritnc^ or towards Profi ; For the one maketh the Humours more 
to Abound J And the Other maketh them Sharper. So we fee both £x- 
tyemcs bring the C$ut. 

Wormci^ rermiue, &:c. doc forc-fliew (likcwife) Raiue : For Edrth- 
i vforrtHf will come forth, and Moults will caft vpmore, and Fleas, bite 
j niorej againit Rtine. ; <: c .: ^-. 

{ Solide fiodies likcwife forc-rhcwA'4/»r. As Stones, and'P^w/?/?^/, when 
j they Sweat : And Boxet, and /'e^j of w-W, when they Draw, and fviitde 
\h.ird-y Though the tormer be but from an outward Caufe ^ For that the 
\sifiafy or WMofcoty tiirneth and beatcth backe the vtfiri? againftic fclfe. 
But the latter is an Jnivtrd Sweli^ o[ the Bodjf of the M-Witfelfe. 

Appetite is nioued chiefly by Tftno,s that are C^W, and Drir : The 
Cau/e is, for that Cold is a Kinda ot Imdi^enceof Nature, andcalleth 
vponSupply^ AndfoisDnVe-j^/ir ; And therefore all S'<»//rtfrA/»gj', asri- 
aegar,lu)cco\LimeHs,Oyleo{Vttriol\,2)LC.) prouokc Appetite. And the D//^ 
j eaje, which they call Appetittu Caninui, confiftethin the A/iiM^rof an A- 
w^ean i(7/.//J/£'F/fg«»(r,inthe Mouth o^thc Stomach. Appetite is <\\(Qix\ouQ(\ 
1 by Soure Thmgs -, For that Sowre Things, induce a Couiraclion in the 
Neruesy placed in the Jl/*»/i& of the Stomachy VVliichis a great Canfe of 
Appetite. As for the Caufe^ why Ouioui, and Salt, and Pepper, in Baked 
Meats, maic Appetite, it is by yeliicatiou of thofc Nerues -, For Motion 
whettcth. As for iVormeweod, oliues, Captrs, and others ot that kinde, 
which participate of Ditterne/fe, they moue Appetite by Abflerfton. So as 
there be fourc Principall Caufts of Appetite^ The Rejriferatien oi the Sto 
wif 6, ioyned with (omcDriueffe^ CoutraBion-, FelUcAtion^ And /sbjlcr- 
fioo: B^'Udcs Hunger, which is An Emptiueffe: Andyet O^er-F^fiiugdoth 
(many times) cauie the ^/>;vmetocea(c; ForthatPf'4n*of ^i/w/ nriakerh 
the ^ftf»»4f/; draw Humours-, And fuch^««»tf«rjas areLight^ andCho- 
lericke, which quench Appetite moft. 

IT hnhbcencobfcnicdby the Jncieut ijihat where a Ra!M-Eow,(l'etncih Expcnrtich: 
tohangoiKT, or to touch, there brcathcfh forth a sa>eet Smell. The /^°'''"'y«o" 
Caufe is, for that this happeneth but in ccrtaine Matters, which haue in 
chemfclues foi^ic SxveetuvJJe^ Which the Geutle Dew of the Raits- Bon^ 
doth draw forth: And the like doc Soft Showers-, For they alfo make 
the Grounds Sweet : But none are fo delicate as the D^w of the Rain- Oow, 
where it falleth. Itmavbealfi, chat the »r4ffr it felfc hath Tome Swiet- 
uejj'e : For the Rein- Bow connftcrh of a Glomeration of Sm-iU Drops, 
which cannot ix)lfibly fall, but from the Aire^ that is very Low : And 
1 ' ' there- 


itomihc Kaiiit- 




Solitary lou- 


therefore may holJ the very Swe/teejjiroi the tJeri^s^ and Floxvfrs^ as a 
. Dijiilledfydter: ¥oxRawe^ and other Dew, that fall from hi^h, cannot 1 
j preferue the Smell j being dillipated in the drawing vp: Neither doewc 
knoWj whether fomc^itw it felfc, may not hauc fome degree o^Sweet- i 
tiejfe. It is true that we findc it fennbly in no PcoU, Ri»er, nor Fountaine-^ j 
But good £Arth^ newly turned vp, hath a PrefhneJJe^ and good Sent ^ 
Which ff4/fr,ifit be not too EfKrf//, (?ot Equall Ohietls neucr mouethe 
Senfe^) may alfohauc* Ccrtaineitis^ thatz;i^^i'4/fJwhichisbutakinde 
oiivster Congealed^ will fonictimes fmcll like ritlets. 

TO Sweet Smells Heat is requifitc, to Concod the Matter ; And fome 
Moifture to S pread the Breath of them . For Heat , we fee that tyo0ds, 
and Spices, arc more Oder Ate in ihtHtt Countries^ than in the C<»/(5f : For 
Moijiure^ we fee that things too much Dried ^ lofe their Sweetnejfe ■• And ' 
FW^r/growingj fmelibetterina^^rwwgj orEneiiing, thanat A'tf<>»c^. 
Some Speet Smells 3iK delhoyed by Approichto the Fire-^ As Violets^ 
kyaU-Flejfers, Gillj FhwerSyP inches-^ ^d generally all Fhwert that hane 
Cofle and Delicate Spirits. Some continue both on the Fire^ and from the 
Fire, A%J{fife-lVater,S)CC. Some dbe fcarce come forth, oratlcaftnotfo 
pleafantly 3 as by meanes of the Fire . as Juniper^ Svect Gums, &c. And all 
Smells, that are Enclofcd in a Faji Body : But (generally) thofc SmelL 
arethemoft Gratefull, where the degree o( Heat is Small ^ Or where 
the Strength of the Smell is allayed j For thcfe Things doc rather wooc 
the Sen fe, than Satiate it. And therefore the Smell ot rielets, andRfi/es, 
I exceedethin Sweetnejfe that o( Spices, and Gummes^ And the Strongeil 
Sort o( Smells, ixebe^ ina weftja farre olF. 

Solitary tou- 
ching the C«r. 


Sobtary tou- 
ching tetidt 
and Fragrant 

IT is ccrtaine, x^At no Smell iffueth, but with Emifienof feme Carport- 
all Sttbfiance ', Not as it is in Lights and Celottrs, and inSaasds. For we 
fee plainly, that Jw^// doth fpread nothing thatdiftancc, that the other 
doc. ItistruCj that fome ffW/ofOrw^c/, and //«//»« oi' Ro/e-Mary, will 
Smell a great way into the sea, perhaps twenty Miles ■ But what iithat, 
fince a Peale o( Ordnance will doe as muchj which moucth in a fmall 
compaflc? Whereas thoCefroods, andHeatbes, arcofVart Spaces: Be- 
fideswecfee that Smells doe adhetc to Hard Bodies-^ As in Perfuming 
of Ghnes, &:c. which fliewcth them Corpereall-, And doc La(t a great 
while, which Sounds, and Light doe not. 

THe Excrements of nioQ Creatures Srncll ill; Chiefly to the fame 
Ori/«r^ that voideth them: Forwefee, befidcs that oi A-faa, that 
Pigeons and Herfes tbriuebell, if their .^*i»/^j and Stahleshc kept Sweet j 
And fo of Cdge-Birds : And the Cat burieth that which rticc voydeth : 
And it holdeth chiefly in thofe Beafls, which feed vpon F/cyS, Dogs (al- 
moft) onely of B^<</f J, delight in Fetide Odours-, Which (licvveth there 
is fomewhat in their 5'««/<r o( Smell, diTering from the Smells of other 
Beajls. But the C<j*/tf, why £xf/fwf«ri fmcll ill, is manifeftj Fonhaithe 


Cenitirj, 1 X. 


\Body\t fcltl- rcicctal them; Much more the Spirits: Andwc fee, ihac 
I th:;it Excrements^ that arc ot'chc Pir(i D '^e/hfio. Smell the worlt • As the 
Excrements from the Bffi)' : 'Xho(cl\iM\x\{:ixo\ViX.\\Q Second Digeflion^ lc(Te 
ill J h'i ferine -^ And thofc that are from th^ Third ^ yet Icffe, ^ox Swat 
isnot fobac!, astheothertwOj Efpcciallyof fome Perfor.s^ that arc UiJI 
of HiAt. Likewife molt Putr:/affi0fls arc of an Odious Smdl : For they 
fn;cll either Petide^ or Mouldy. Tloe ^w/^r ntay be, for char rutrifaBion 
doth bring foith fiich a CanJifteMCf, aS is moit. Contrary to the Cotiji/Itiice 
of the Eoay^ whiilt it is Sound : For it is a mectc diflolurion of that Forme, 
Befidcs, there is another Reafbn which is Profound: And it is that the 
o^z/rrTj that plcafe anyof the5ffl/<ry, liaue(all) (omc Equalitji^ and (as it 
were} Ordcr^ in th"ir Compojition : Biit where thofe arc wantmg, the 0^- 
ieEf iseiier Ingrarc. So Afixiture o{ num Di/df^rceing Colours is ciicrvn- 
plcafantto the Eye : Mixture o't Dtfcord-tnt Sounds isvnplcafant to the 
Edre : Mixture, or Ho:ch- Patch of many Tufles^ is vnpleafant to the Tnjlt : 
Har(hn:JJe di]d Ru'^ged-.cffeoi' Bodies^ isvnplealantto the Touch: Now it 
is ccrtame, that all PutrifiHion^ bring a Dilpdittio-i of tlic firft Forme^ isa 
metre Cersfujien, and V/.formed /i//.vr«rf of the P.nt. Neucrthelcffcit is 
(irangc, and (cemcth to Crolfe the former oiferuitioa, tliat fomc Pu- 
trifaBiofis and Exciemcr.ts doc yceld Extellei.t Odours j As Ciuet and 
Mtfske-^ And as [ovaQthinkcAmlir-Creece: For diners rake it^ (though 
vnprobably) to come from x.hQSpcrmeo'i Fifb : And the Mo^e we'fpakc 
ot from yippIe-Ti-ees, is little better than an Excretion. ThcRcafonmav 
be, for that there pafleth in the £.v^ ernents, and rcmaineth in the Putri- 
f.iBions, fomc good Spirits; cfpecially where they proceed from Crej- 
/«r«, that arc very Hot. But it may be alfo ioyned u*irh a further Caufe, 
which is morcSubtill; And it is, that the ^>«/i/ louc not to bee Ouer- 
plea(ed ; But to haue a Commixture of fom'cwhat that is in it fejfe In- 
grate. Certainly, we fee how Difcords in Muficke, falling vpon Concords ^ 
make the Swceteji Straines : And we (ee againc, what Strange Tajlesdc- 
light the Tafie , As Red- Herrings^ Cauearj^ Parmi^o, &:c. And it may be, 
the fame holdeth in Smcls. For thofe kinde ot 5wt/j-, that wehanc men- 
tioned, are all Strong, and doe Pull and Vcllicate the Sert/e. And wee 
finde alfo, that p/..«i where Men ferine, commonly haue {bme SmeH of 
f*folcts : And rrtue^ if one hath carcn Auimeg^ hath fo too. 

The Sloathfull, Generally and Indefinite Contemplations, 
and Notions, of ihc E/emcntSy and their Contiigations ; Ol! the 
Influences o{ Heaiiett; 0{ Heat^Cold,Moiftun\Drought i ^n- 
lities A6tme,PiiJiiue I And clichkc ; haucfw^llowcd vpthetruc 
Pajfcgcs^ and Procejfcs, and JffcSis,n-\d Confiflences ot Matter^ 
and Niiturall Bodies. Therefore they arc to be fee afide, being 

T but 


!h(aturaU Hiftory: 

\ Experiment 
(ci ot I'utnja- 


j Expciiment 
Soiicaiy io\i- 


hvit Notionall, and ill Limited i And Dcfinicc Axiomes arc to 
bcdrawiieout of Mea/ured Injlanus : And fo AiTcmto bcc 
made to ihc mote General! Jxiomss^ by Scale. And of thcfc 
Kindes of Procsfes of Natures and QbaraEters of Matter^ wc 
will no w (ec downc fomc Inftances. 

ALL FutrifiBion come chiefly from the Invfurd Spirits of the £o<i/jf ^^ 
And parrly alfo from the Ambient Bodj^ be it y?/'rf _, Liquor ^ or what- 
foeuct clfe. And this laft, by two Mehes : Either by Inguffe of the S"*^. 
fiance ohhc Ambient B^dy /into the Body Putrified-^ 0:by Exxit^itiott and 
SffUicitat/on of the Btf</ji Putrlfied^ afid the F^r*j- thereof, by the ^oi;- v^»»- 
^/e»f. As for the Rcceiued Opinion, that PutrifiBion is caiifcd, eitlier 
by Coid^ or Peregrine and Preiernatttra^ Heat^ it is but Nugation : For 
ColdiwThirt^i Inanimate^ isthegreateft Enemy that is, to Pmrif^&ion:^ 
though it extingiiiiTieth V^iiti^cition^ which euer confifteth in Sfirits At- 
tenuate^ which the Cold doth congcale, and coagulate. And as for the 
1 Peregrine Neat^ it is thus farre true ; That if the Proforiion of the Aduen- 
twe Heat^ be greatly Predominant, to the NaturAll Hat, and Sfirits of 
the Bodj^ it tendcth to Dijehtion, or Notable Alteration. But this is 
wrought by £w///tf«, or Supfrefion^ or Snjfoca(i«n,o( the Natiue Spirits-^ 
And alfo by the Dtferdinatien^ atid^Di/csmpoJiure o( the TangiUe tsrts • 
And other Pj/J^ges oiNMure j And not by a ConfiiB oi Heats, 

I" N Verfions or Miine Altentisns o'i Rodies^ there is a ^<<//»»bctweene 
JL the Body, as it is af firft, and the Body Reftthing • which Medium is Cer- 
ptu imper/etfe Miftum^ and is "tranfitory, and not durable ; As Mijlt^ 
Smoaks^ Vapours ^ Cby Ins inthc Stomach, Liuing Creature s'm the iixik Vm- 
jicatien: And the Middle AEiio/i^ which produceth fuch JmperfeB Bodies, 
is fitly called (by fome of the Ancients) l}?quination^ or Jnconcoclien^ which 
isaKindcof ?utrifa£iion -^ For the Pirts^xQ 'mConfnJion^ till they fettle 
one wav, or other. 

Solitary tou - 


THe word ConcoBien, or Digefiion^ is chiefly taken into vfc from Li- 
uing CreJtnres and their Organs 5 And from thence extended to Li- 
quors, and Fr«;*/,&c.Thereforc they fpcake o^Meat Concaved ^ Vrine ind 
ExcremexitsCoacoBedi And the Foure Di/geponSy (Jnthc Stomach-^ In the 
Liuer-^ In the Arteries and A^erues-^ And in the Seuerdl P^mof the Bo- 
dy , ) are likcwife called ConcoBions : And they are all made to bee the 
Workcs of ^«rj« •• All which Notions arebiit ignorant Carchcs of a few- 
Things, which are moftObuious to MensObjerumens. The Conlian- 
tcft Notion of ConcoBion is, that it (hould figoifie the Degrees of Aiters- 
«>/;, of one Body into another, frona Crudity to perfedt CoKcoBien - Which 
is the Vltimit) of that ABion or Procejfe: And whik the Body to bee Con- / 
uerted and Altered, istooftrong {ox the Efficient, thatfhould Conuert, or} 
Alter it, (whereby it rcfifteth and holdeth faft in fomc degree the firft j 

Century, i X. 


Ptrme, or Cenfi^enee) it is (all that while) Crude ^ an. I IficoncoR.^ And 
the Procejje is to be called Crudity and Inconce^ion. It is true, that Con- 
ceBKnth^ in great part, the Worke o£ He.Jt -^ But noiihcyyorkeo^Hettd- 
lone: For all Things, that turthcr the CoMfr^^/?, or JlttrdCnrf,(as Reji, 
Mixt»reoi zBody already CoacoBed, Sec.) afealfo A/.^-ivfj toConcoHioii. 
And there aic of C<»Bf<»3/o« two Periods^ The ouc A fimtlation^ otAhft- 
lute Cfiif)terfiMy3indS0lfaBifn; The other MjUrdtm-. whereof the For- 
mer is moll confpicuoiis in the Bodiex of Liumg Creatures -y lo which 
tlicrc is an Alffolitte Co>Mcrfion, and Afiimthtien of the Ntur'iflmtnt into 
the Body: And likewife in the Btdieioi' PLmts: And againc in AfrtaZ/i, 
where there is a iuWTtMfmutation. The other (which is" ^dt»><i/wi») is 
fecne in Liqu»rs, and Fruits ; wherein there is not dcnred, nor preten- 
decJ, an vtter Conuerfitn^ but only an AlterJtiM to that Ferrffe, which is 
molt fought, for Mans vfe • As in Clarifying of Drinkes j Ripening of 
Fruitst&cc. But notCj that there be two Kindes of >4^/3/«/fCy»«fr^o»j 5 
The one is, whend Bodyh conuertcd into another Bodf, which was be^ 
fore ; As when No»ri[bmeitt is turned into Flefh • That is it Which we call 
Afimiiatioti. The other is, when the Cottuerfion is into a Body meerely 
New, and which was not before ; As if Siluer (hoiild be turned to G»ld . 
or/ro« to Copper: And this Ctnuerfionis better called, for diftindions 
fake, TrJr/mttation. 

T Here arc alfodiucrs other ffrf4i Akeratiens of Matter ^ andBodieSj 
befides thofe that tend to Ctncoiiion^ and Mat»r.nitn ; For whatfo- 
euei doth fo alter a «#<//, as it returncth not againeto that it was, may 
be called Alteram Maiir : As when Meat is Boiled, orRoafted, or Fried, 
l&Ci Or when Bread ind Meat arc Baked; Or when Cheefeis made of 
Curds,orB«</rof CrMf»^,orCw^/ofVVood,orBr/V)tf/ofEarth^ And 
a Number of othersl But to apply Nttisus Philpftfhicall to Plebeian 
Termes^ Or to fay, where the Netions cannot fitly be reconciled, that 
there wantctha Terme, or Nemendatute for it ^ (as the Anciems vfcdO 
They be but Shifts oi JgHorance\ ^oi KntnUdgevf\\[ beeuera hvattdring 
and I»digeJledTi>i»gy if it be but a ComrnxtHre of a few Notions^ that are 
athandandoccurre, and not excited from fufficicnt Number of Inftan- 
ces, and thofe well collated. 

The Conjiflmces of Bodies arc very diuers ; Denfe, Rare j Tan- 
gible,^netmaticall 'J^olatile^ Fixed ^ Determinate ^ N-ot Determi- 
nate i Hard, Soft ■, Cleauing, Not Cleauing ; Congealeabte, Not Con-^ 
geakable j Liquefial^le^Not Uijuefiable ; Frdgile^ Tough , Flexible; 
Inflexible ; Tra6lile^ot to be drawnc forth in length, Imra^ile-j 
Porom^ Solid; Equally andSmooth^Fnequall; Venota, zndFi- 

T 2 broM^ 

Solitary tou- 
ching /f/«r^'. 
ons, which nay 
bee called 




Solitary tou- 
ching B»rf;fj£,j- 
qiK fable, and 
not uqiicfiatilt, 


chif^Q Bod:Ct 


hotu, and wiih Graines, Entite ; And diucr^ Others; All 
which to rcfcrrc to Hsat, and Cold; and Moi/Ime, and Drought, 
is a Compendious and Inutile Speculation. Bat of thcfc fee 
^xinc\^-3i\\y oiK Abecedmtm Naturae; And oiWtv^\{c Sparfim 
inthisour 5>/«4 Syluarum.: NcuerdiclcfTc infomc good part, 
Wcc lliall handle diucrs of them now prekntly. 

LlijaejiaUe^ and Net LiquefiMc, proceed uomxhcCc C4it/es: Litjtte/j. 
Ftiffn is cLier caufed by the Detention of the SfmtSy which play vvith- 
' in the hody^ and Open it. Therefore fiich Bodies asare more Titrgideoi 
Spirit; Or that haiie their Spirits more Straiily Imprifoned-^ Oragaine 
that hold them Better Pleafed^ ixwd Content-^ are Ljqnefidle: For thcfc 
ihrcc Di/pofttio»so^ Bodies, doc ancllthc Emipo» 0^ the Spirits. An Ex- 
ample of the firil two Properties is in Ml t4s • And of the Laft in Greafe^ 
Pitch, Su'phure, Butter^ a^jx, Sec. The Di[pofition not to Liqnefie procee- 
deth from the Eafie Emifloto^ the Spirits^ whereby the GroJJer parts 
contrad , And therefore, Bodies leiune of Spirits ; Or which part with 
their Spirits more mtingly-, arc not LiqnefiMe.^ As tvood^ Claj^ Free- 
Stotie, &:c. But yet, cnen many of thofc Bodies, that will not Melt, or will 
hardly iVr/f, will notwithftanding ^^re» ; As /ro» in the Forge j And a 
Stickebathed in Hat Afhes, which thereby becommcth more Flexible. 
Moreoucr, there are fome Bodies, which doe Liquefie, or diffolue by Fire^ 
As Metals^ wax. Sec' And other Bodies, which diffolnc in f^ater ^ As Salt, 
Sugar, Sec. The Cjufe of the former procccdeth from the Dilatation ot 
the spirits by //w* : The Canfe of the Latter procccdeth from the Ope- 
ning of the Tangilfk Pjrts, which defire to receiuc the Liqnottr. Againc, 
there arc fome Bodies, that difTolue with both • As Gumme, Sec. And 
thofc be fuch Bodies^ as on the One Side haiie good ftore of 5"^;>7« -^ And 
on the other Side, hauethe Tangible Parts Indigent oi MoiJlt4re\ For the 
former helpeth to the T)/!?/;^?; of the Spirits by ihc Eire -, And thcLat 
tct ftimulateth the Parts to Receiuc thcI/^wMr. 

OF Bodies, fome arc Fragde ; And fome are T'»ngh, and N»t Fragile-^ 
And in the Breaking, fome Fragile Bodies brcakc but where the Force 
iSjSomefhatterandfly mmany Pceces. Of frJ^//f;theCrf«/(fisan/w- 
/»of^/;f7tobe Extended: And therefore Stone is more Fr<?g//c than Metall-, 
And fo FiSiile Eayth is more Fragile than Crnde Earth j And Dry n'ood 
than Griff K^ And the Cja/^of this Voaptnejfeto Extenfton, is the Small 
Quantity o( Spirits', (For it is the5^/V// that furthercth the Extenfwn 01 
Dilatation bt Bodies ',) Anditiseucr Concomitant with Porofity^ and 
with Dtineffe in the Tangible Parts : Contrarixetfe, Tough Bodies haue more 
Spirit, and fewer Pores, nr\d Moifter Tangible Parts: Therefore wee fee 
that Parchment^ or Zwr/'frwillftrctchj PaperwiWnoVyirooilenClotbmYi, 
tenter, Linnen fcarcclv. 

.. • Alll 

(^enturj. 1 X 



Solitary tou- 
ching the ftpj 
Kjiiii >j{ P»eu~ 
mitkali in Z»- 


Solitsiy tou- 
ching C«).:reli- 
<m, and Dijfulji- 

Hi , 

LL Solid Bedies'coni'x^oVPartso'i i\vo{kui:X3.{\ N.;tttres y Pneuma- 

itci'd^ixAT^ngibie'^ AndiciswcUtobenocedj that the Ptttuniiti- 

\ uUSfibJtanceis infome^o^/Wj Hm: Natme Sptritoixhc Body -^ Andiulome 

i other, plaine v^ir^ that is gotten in > As in Bodies Dcficcate^ by Heat, o: 

i ui^e: For in them, when the Ndtiue Spirit gocth forth, and the Afetfture 

wuh ir, the Atrtvrhh. time getteth mto the Feres. And \\\ok Bodies SiXc: 

ciicrrhc morcFr^<^^;/^; Yoxt\\c NdUitt Sfintn mote Teelding, and£.v/f»- 

JiHf, (el[Kcially to follow the P arts ^ than Aire, The Native Spirits al(o 

adaiic^rcat Diutrlity ; h.% Hot ^Cetd^ Aciiue^ /5«i,&:c. Whence proceed 

niollof thcf'VrWf'j, and^j////Vj (as wee call them) of Btiies : But the 

j Aire lintrmixt^ is without reitues, and makcth Things Injipidc^ and 

i without any FxtimitLititv. 

I T* He Co-icretitn of £*</w is (commonly) foluedby the Contmry ^ As 
X /fi"! which is congealed by f W<i,is dirfolued by He*t-^ Sa't^ and 5*!g.'r, 
which arc Exco>5lcdby Heat, arcDiflblued by Ctld^ and (JW*//3f*r^. The 
Caufe IS, for that thc(e Opcntiens^ are rather Retmrnes to tlx-ir former 
Afaturc, thin AUentions: So that the Cttttrarj curcth. As ioxOjU^ it 
doth neither cafily congcale with C*/i, nor thicken with Iftat. The 
C7fl/<? of both £feci(, though they be produced by Contrary E^ients, 
fccmeth to be the Same j And that is, becaufe the 5;»/r«of the Oyle, by 
cither MeancSj cxhaleth little j For the C^Wkcepcth it in ; and the Httt, 
(except it be Vehement,) doth not call it forth. As for Cold, though it 
take hold of the Tangible Psrts^ yet as tothe Spiritt, it doth rather mdke 
them Swell, than Congcale them: As when Jce is congealedinair*^, 
the Ice will Swell in (lead of Contriving j And fomctimes Rift. 

OF Bodies ^ fame (we fee) are Bird, and feme Sc/t : The Hardnejfe is 1 Experiment 
caufed (chiefly) by the leikne^ejje of the Spirits:^ Aod their Imparitj \ Solitary lou 
with the TMiible P.irts : Both which, if they be in a greater degree, ma- Mdlo^iwi/M. 
keth them not on\y Htrd, but PragiUf and lefle Enduring of Prej[ure-^ 8^4 
As Steele^ Sttne, GUJJ'e, Dry Wetdy &c. Softnejje commcth (contrari- 
wife) by the Greater ^4»m7 of 5'^/r/Vi J (which euerhelpethto Induce 
TeeldlngxwACcfiioi-^) And by the more EqaaH Spretdingoi iheTangible 
Parts ^ which thereby are more 5 W/«g, zndFe'lowi»g-^ As in Gold,Lead^ 
fVdXy &:c. Bvit note that Spft B*dits^ (as wee vfethe word,) are of two 
Kinds -^ The one, that cadly giucth place to another Bfidy^ but altcreth 
not Bu'ke^ by Hiling in other PIkcs-^ And therefore we fee that /rjjc, if 
you put any Thing into it, doth not rife in BMke^ but only giueth Place : 
For you may not thinl<e, that in Printingof wdx^ the pyaii rifcth vp at 
al! ; But oniv rhc defreffcd P*rt giueth place, and the other renraincth ai 
it was. The other, that altereth BWiyinthe C^fioa-^ As ivafer, or other 
Liqueurs^ if you put iStooe^ or any Thing into them, they giue place 
(indeed) eafilv , but then they rife all ouer : Which is a Falfe Cefie/i j Fck- 
it IS in Place And not in Bedy. 
, ^ ^_J^J_ All 

■u. — 


^h(atura\i Hisloryi 

SoJitaiy rou- 
chino Bflfiiff 


Solitary tou- 
ching other 
Pa/Jioni of Mat' 
iitrsof Bodies. 


ALL Bodies DuBile^ and Ttnfile^ (as Mtuls thar will be drawnt luto 
mres ifvccU and Tow that will be dra wnc into Tarntt or Thred) haue. 
m them the appetite of AVr Difccntiniting^ Strong ^ Which makcth them 
follow the Force, that pullcththem ontj And yet fo, as not to Difce»-\ 
time or forfake their ownc Body. Vifcetu Bodies, (likewife) as Piteb^ 
ivax, Bird'Lime, Cheefe totfied, will draw forth, and rope. But the 
difference betweenei(*<iz>j Pibrtus, and B$diesViJcetis, is Plaine j For all 
woolly and Toxfy and Cotton, and Silke^ (efpecially raw silke) haue, be- 
f ides their Defirc oiContinuAnce, in regard of the Tinuity of their Thred, a 
i GreeSaeJfeoi Meijlure', And by i»/*//?arf to ioyne and incorporate with \ 
', other r^rf'fi j Efpecially if there be a little Wreathing^ Asappearcth by 
the Twining of Thred-y And the Pradice of Tw/r/iw^ about oi Spindles. 
And we fee alfo, that Gold and 5//«(fr Thrtd cannot bee made without 

THe Differences oi ImprefibU and Not ImpreftUe -^ PignrMe andiV*^ 
Fignrdble'^Moitlddlile and Not Moutddle. ScifiU and JVot ScifiUi And 
many other F-J^/MJ of ^J«fr, &x& Plebeian Notions^ applied vntothe/»- 
ftruments and ^« which Men ordinarily pradlife j But they are all but 
the Effe^s of fome of thcfc Cdufes following • Which we willEnumcrate 
without Applying them, bccaufc that would bee too long. ThcFirftis 
the Cejion^ or not CeJ?iono[ Bodies, into a. Smaller Space or Rofime, kee- 
pjjpig the Outward Bnlh, and not flying vp. The Second is the Stronger 
or fveaker yippetitCy in Bodies^ to Continuity, and to flie pifcontieuitjc^.\ 
The Third is the Difpofition of Bodies , to Contraif, d Not Contrail • 
And againe, to Extend, or I^ot Extend. The Fourth is the small Qu^m 
tit J, or Great ^antity, of the Pne»maticaUin Bodies. The Fifth is the 
Nature oi the. Pneumatically whether it bee Natiue spirit of the Body, or 
Common Aire. The Sixth is, the Nature of the Natiue Spirits in the ^<»4?. 
whether they be ABiue and Eager, or X)«// and G^«/r. The Scuenth is 
thtEmifion or Drtf»/w»of the Spirits in Bodies, the Eighth is the X><- 
latation, ox Contra£iio»^f the. Spirits in godies, while they are detained. 
The Ninth is the Collocnien of the spiritsin Bodies^ whether the Colloea- 
tionhcE quail, or Vne quail , And againe, whether the spirits bcCoacer- 
uate, or Diffafed. The Tenth is the Denfitie, or Raritie of die Tangibles 
Parts. The Eleuenth is the Equality ox Inequality of the Tangible Parts. 
The Twelfth is the Difgefiion, or Crudity of the Tangible Parts. The 
Thirteenth is the Nature of the Matter, whether Sulphureotu or Mercu- 
riall^ ivatrie or 0/7/e, Dn> and Terrejlriall, or Jl/<>//? and Liquid ; which 
Natures of Sulphureous and Mercuriall, Icemetobee Natures Radically and 
Principall. The Fourteenth is the Placing, of the Tangible Parts, in Le^th, 
oxTranfuerfe-^ (as it is in the warpe, and the wooje of Textiles-^ ) ./i/i?r« 
Invard^ ox More Outward; &c. The Fifteenth is the Porofity, oxlmpero- 
^j' betwixt the Tangible Parts -^ And the Greatneffe, or Smdnejje of the 
P^r^y. The Sixteenth is the citloeatioa and Pofture of the Pores. There 
may be more C4«/^j ; but thefe doc occurre for the Prcfent. 


Century, \ X. 


TAke Z.wi,aiid melt itjand in the middcft of it, when it bcginncth 
tocongcale,make a UttlcDint,orHolcjand }^ut ^HJcke-jllutrwxAo- 
ptd inaPcvceot'Li"««e«intothat Hole, and the J2^/f/-/»h/fr will fix, 
; and runne no rnorej and endure the Hammer. This is a Noble Jnjiance 
j oi'l)id/irjtio/ijby Confento^ one Body with another, and Motion ot Exci- 
j t.ition to /wuwf cjFor to afcribc it only to the rapour o^Lead^is Icflc Pro- 
bable, ^njtre whether the Fixing may be in (uch a degree, as it will be 
I Figured like other Metalls ^ For if fo, you may make VVorkes of it for 
fomc purpoles, lo they come not neare the Fire. 

S/"(^.7> hath put downe the vfe di Honey j In fo much as wee haue loft 
chofe OhferMJtions^nndPrcpinatiens oi Ho/iey^which ihe Ancients had, 
when it was more in Price.Firft,it feemeth that there was,in old time, 
Trcc-Honcy, as well as Bee-Honey^ Which was the Tearc or Bbud iHuing 
from the Tree: In fo much as one of the Ancients relatcth, that in Trebi- 
fond,thcYC was//o«f);ifl'uing from the Bex-TrceSyWhich nudcMen Mad. 
Againe, in Ancient time,thcre was a Kind o{ Honey, which either of the 
ownc Nature, or by Art, would grow as Hard as 5«gjr, And was not fo 
Lul"hious as Ours. They had alio a Wine of Honey, which they made 
thus. They crulhcd the Ho?icyinto a great ^uantitie of^vatcr, and then 
Ihaincil the Uquor-^Mtcx they boyled it in aCopper to the halfe .-Then 
they powrcd it into£^?f^e«rc//i'//jforafmall timcjAnd after tunned it 
inco rt'Jfels oUyood, and kept it for many yeares. They haue alfo, at this 
day-, in Rujiia, anti thofe Notherne Countries, Mcdd Simple, which (well 
made,and leafoncd)is a good wholeromel>rj«/',and very Clcare.They 
vfe alfo \i\iydes,a. Compound Drinke oi Mejd,wiih Herbs, and Spices. 
But meane-while it were good, in recompencc ofihat wee haue loft in 
Honey, there were brought in vfe a Sugar- Mead,(^o\ fo we may call it ) 
though without any Mixture at allot Honey. ^\t\iliO brew it,and keepe 
it ftalc, as they vfe Mead -, For certainly, though it would not be fo Ab- 
Jlerjlue, and Opening, and SolutiueaDrini'e,as Afead-^yet it will be more 
gratefull to the Stomach, and more Lenitiuc, and fit to be vfed in sharpe 
Difeafes : For we Ibe, that the vfe of Sugar in Beere, and Me, hath good 
Ejl^eHs in fuch Cafes. 

IT is reported by the ^mf«r/,thatthcrewasaKindof^^ff/f,infome 
places,which would polifh almoftas white and bright usSiluer. And 
that there was in I^di.i a Kind oisrajfe, which ( being polifiied ) could 
fcarce bcdilcerncdfrom Gold. This was inth.e NaturSllrrC', But lam 
doubtfull, whether Men haue furticiently refined .i/ru/A, which wee 
count /7/j/;-. As\vhcthcr/r(?«,Br.(^,and 7 /«, be refined to rhe Heighth? 
Butwhcntheycoraeto luchaFinencflc, as ferueth the ordinary vfe, 
they trie no further. • 

THcre haue becnc found certaincCfwfwtj vndcr£<7rf/;,that are Very 
Soft; And ycr, taken forth into the 5««,harden as Hard as Marble: ' 

• There ' 

Solitary tou- 
on by Syixpetiy, 


Soliuty tqu- 


Solitary tou- 
ching the F/Bfr 
Soil oiBafc 


Solitary tou- 
ching Crwcws 
and parries. 


^h(atnrall tdijiory: 



j boiicaiycuu- 

ching the /tl- 

\ tcrmgodheCt 

j Itur tifHeim 

and Feitthef!. 


Solitary tou- 5 
ching the Dif- 
Mile and Ft- 
I malt. 


There are alfo ordinary j^jrnVj in Soyj.-y/urf t-Shiyc;whkh in ikc-^ar- 
ry cut fofc to any Bigncfle, and in the Biuldifi^proue HrmCjand hard. 

L/»/«^ Crf./f«;f J ( generally ) doe change their ffjirewhh^^e^ tur- 
ning to be Gray and H^'hite : As is Iccne in Men^ though fome Ear- 
lier, fome Later, ; In Horfes yihatuxe Dappled, and turncff/)j>qln Old 
S qui yrels, that mrneGriJiy •, And many others. So doeiome^jr^j. 
As Cjgfiets, from Gr/iy turne fyhite ; HawkeXj from Browne turne morc- 
ivhite: Any fome 5/r^^ there be, that vpon their Aro«/««g, doe turne 
Colour-^As Robin Red-brefis^zkcx theirA^tf«/f/«^,grow tobe^t^againc 
by degrees ; So doe Gold-Finches vpon the Head. The caufe is, for that 
Moifiure doth ( chiefly ) colour Haire^and Feathers '^ And DrineJJe tur- 
ncth t hem Gray and White j Now Haire in Age waxeth Drier : So doe 
Feathery . As tor Feathers, after Moulting^ they are ToungFeathers, and 
fo all one as the Fwj^erj of r<?««^£iW/. So the Beard h younger than 
the Haire of the Headycind doth' ( for the moft part, ) wax Hoare later. 
Out of this Ground, a Man may dcuife the Meanes of uiltcritig the Co. 
lour aiBirds-^ and the Retardation of Hoare-Haires.But of this Ice in the 
fifth £.vpfww«f. 

THe Di£-ercHcebctwceT\Male and f e;«<j/^3in fomeOw^//rM,is not to 
be dilcerned,otherwife than in the Partsof Generation: Asin Horfes 
and Mares^Dogges and Ritches^Doues Heitidshe, ?.nd others. Butfume 
ditfi-T in Mignititde^^nd thatdiucrfly^Foiin moft the M-ale is the grea- 
tcr; As inM.m^Phcafants ^Peacocks ^Turkey s-^und the lilej And in fome few, 
as in HarvkeSyXhe Female.Some differ in the Haire-, andFeatherSyhoih in 
the ^antityyCrifpatisn^zTid Colours of them j As He-Lions arc Herfute, 
and haue great Maines j The she's are fmooth like Cats. Buffs ire more 
Cz-i/^cvpon the Fore-head than Cowes^Tht Peacocke, and Pheafant-Cocke^ 
and ffoW'/wf/j-Cor/'f, haue glorious and fine Colours j The Henns haue 
not.Generallyj the Hees in 5/r(^j haue the faircft Feathers. Some differ 
in diners Features-, A%Buckeshi\ieHornes,Dte'snonc.^Ranimes haue more 
wreathed Homes than Ewf J; Cor/'/ haue great Combes and spur res y Hens 
little or none ; Boares haue great!/ i7»gj, Soroes much lefle •, The Titrky- 
Cor^chath great and Swelhng GiUs,x.he Hen hathlcffe j y^t^ haue gene- 
rally Deeper and Stronger Voices, than women. Some differ in Faculties 
As the Cockes amongft Singing Birds^ arc the befl singers. The Chiefe 
C/.y/eofaIl thcfe,(no doubt,)is, for thatthe Males hauemore Strength 
o'lHeat than the Females ; "VVhich appeascth manifeilly in this,thLit ail 
yoim2,Creatures Males, are like Females i And fo are Eunuchs, and Gelt 
Cm?t«rf/ofallkindes, liker Fe»2<z/e/. Now Heat caufcth Greatmffe of 
Growth, generally, where there is Moifiure enough to woike vpon:But 
if there be found in any Creature,{vf\nc\i is feene rarely,) an Ouer-grcat 
Heat in proportion to the Moijiure^in them the Female is the greater j 
Asin Hawkes^ and Sparrowes. And if the Hwf be baUanced with the 
Moijlure, then there is no difference to be feene betwcene Male and Fe- 

Century, 1 X. 


Solitaiy lou- 
cliing ihc Cotn- 
firatuie Magni- 
tiitlt of Liui»g 

■ 853 

mate: A-iin the Injlimcet oi Horfex^ and Dodges. Wc fccnlfo, th^r chc 
Homes: of Oxen, audCowes^i'oT the moll: parc^arc Laro;er chan the B :({/.{■ 
which is caii(cd by abundance of Afoifture, which in iheHorncs of the 
B.v//failcth . Againc, He.n caufe'th Pilojity, and CrifpiUion , And To l-kc- 
vvife ^f ^r^^ in Men.lx. alfoexpclleth finer ^o//?«rf, which Want o(iie.:t 
cannot Expcll : AndthatistheC.?«/f of the ^Mwrj and r^/n; rv o^Fe.i 
thcrs : Againc,f/f.?f doth put forth many Excrefcenfes^^nd miicli Sohde 
jl/jf f fr,which\Vant ot cannot do: And this is the Caufc of Horncs^ 
and of the Grtatncjj'c of them ^ And of the crejtnejp of tlie Combes and 
Spurns of Codes yGlUsoi Tttrky-Cockes ^(\VidFa}igs oi Bo.ircs.Hc.itaSfo di- 
larcih the Pipes, and Org-irs^ which caiiicth the Deepeficjj'eoi' the Foice. 
Againe,^f.7? rcfineih the 5^/m/jand that caufeth thcCockSif^gi'n^Bird^ 
CO Excel! the //f//, 

THere hoFi^es greater than any Ee^Jls^ As the \Vh.ik Is farrc greater 
than the Eltphj»t.A.ndBe.ijis are(gcncrally_)grearer than nirds,Vor 
f/l/j^jjthccaufemaybc, thatbecaii(erhey Line not in the ^/jr, they 
hauc nottheir y^/oZ/^^re drawn andSoaked by thc.4/A',:ind Siin-Bc.imes. 
Alfo they red alwayes, in d manner •, and arcfupportedby thc7r<?^fr- 
\vhcreas/i/o</o^z andL./^o.vr doc confumc. As for thQGre.nne'JJ'c ofBcjjls, 
more than ot Bird<^\i is caufed, for that Be.ijls, (lay Longer time in the 
Wombe,\h:it\ 5/r^f, and there NoiirinijandGrowjVVhcreas in Birds, Af- 
ter the Egee Lay'd, there is no further Growth, or Nourifhment from the 
Feniiik ; torthe 5/V/»gdoth f^iuifcjand not Nourilli. 

VT 7Ehaiie- partly touched before the AfcJnesof Producing Fruit i, 
W without Co.ires, or Stones. And this wee addc further, " that the 
Caufe muft be Abound^mce ofAfoillure,VoT that the Coiire,3ii\d Stone are 
madcofaDr/e^j/): And wee fecthacitispofllble comakea Trrfpuc 
forth only in BloJJ'ome, without Fr«/f • As in Cherries with Double Flow- 
ers : Much more into Fntit without Stone^ or Co.ires. It is reportcd,thac 
ACionsof an ^^p/f, grafted vpon a Colerrort-St.ill:, fendcth forth a great 
/ipple without a C0i>re. Ic is not vnlikely,that if thc/«TP;jr^r/V; ofaDrf, 
were taken our/o that the luyce came only by the B.irke^xt would work 
the EjfiB. For it hath becne ©bfcrucd, that in Polinds, W the n\7tergct 
in onthe Top, and they become Hollow, they put forth the more. VVc 
addealfo, that it isdcliuercd for certaincby fomc, that if the Cions be 
grafted, the Small End downwardSjit will make Fruit haue little or no 

TObjrre is a thing ofgrcat Price, if it be in requefl. For an ^cre of ic Experiment 
will be worth,(as is atfirmcd,)two Hundred Poun(.is,by the yeare, I Solitary tou- 
towards Charge. The Charge of makingthe Ground, and oihcrwifc, '^"^^tfjv" 
is gif at, but nothing to the Profit. But the En^lijh T^bauo, hat h fmall baeai. 
credir,as being too'D«//,and Ejrthy^Niy the nrgim',ifiTob,icio,(honoh 8)5 
that be inz HotterClim.He^cm get no credit, for the fame CJufi-.So that 

a Triall 

Solitary cou- 
ching Exojftii- 
m of Frut!. 



^aturatl History: 


Solitary tou- 
ching feuerall 
Hw«J, working 
the fame £/"- 


Solitary tou- 
ching SwfBiai 
and VikUtm 


Solitary tou- 
ching the Vul- 

a Triail to make J okicco mon: Aromaticail, and lieitc-r Concocted htrt i 
in England, were a Thing of greac profit;, Some hai.e gone about to doe ' 
it by Drenching the Engliflj Tohacce, in a Deco8ion or infufion ot Indian 
Tobacco: Butthofearebuc Sophifticaiions, andToycsj tor Nothing 
that is once Perfedjand hath run his Race, can receiue much Amend- 
ment. You muft euer rcforc to thcBeginning of Things iox Meliormen. 
The Way oi Maturation of Tobacco muft, as in other Plants^ be, from j 
the Heat. Either of the f^jrt^jOr of the 5«>J«c : We fee Tome Leading, 
of this in Musk-Mclons ; which are fowne vpon a Hot Bed^ Dunged be- 1 
loWjVponaBanckc turned vpon the iyow^/'^wwwf, logiue Heat by Re- 
flexion-^ Laid vpon Tiles, which increafeth the Heat-^ And couered with 
Straw to keepe them from Cold. They rcmoue them alfo,which addeth 
fome Life: And by thefe Helps they become as good in Englaud, as in 
Italy, or preuence. Thcfc and the like Meancs, may be triet! in Tobacco. 
Enquire alfoofthe5ffc/>;»gof the tRoots, in fomefuch Liquor, as may 
giue them Vigour to put forth Strong. 

HEat ofthe5««,for xheMaturation of Fruit S;Yea and xheHeat oiri- 
tfijication oiLiuin^reatures, arc both reprcfentedand fupplied,by 
the i/wtof ftr^iAnd likcwifejthe//f<3f j of the Sunne,zx\dLife,zxe repre- 
fented one by the other.Tref j, fee vpon the Backsofchinmeyes., doe ri- 
pen Fruit fooner. Vines, that haue beene drawne in at the Window ol 
a Kitchin, haue fent forth Grapes u^ a Month(at leaft ) before others. 
5fo«e/,at the Backe of Walls, bring forth Orf/zgw here with vs. Eggs^ 
as is reported by fome, haue beene hatched in the warmth of anO«£«.It 
is reported by the jincimsjihAX. the Efirich Laycth her Egf vnder Sand, 
where the Heat of the Sunne difclofeth them. 

BArleyinxhtBoyling fwellethnotmuchjffW fwelleth more -.^Rize 
extremely -, In fo much as a Quarter of a Pint(vnboyied)wili ariie 
to a Pint boiled*.Thc Caufe ( no doubt ) is,^or tlj« the more Clofe and 
Compaft the Body is, the more it will dilate : Now Barley is the moft 
Hollow • ivheat more Solide than that j and Rize mod Solidc of all. It 
may be alfo that fome Bodies haue a Kinde oiLemour, and more Deper- 
tihk Nature than othersjAs we fee it euidentin Colouration-^Voxa Small 
Quantity of Saffron, will Tint more, than a very great Quantity oiBn- 
JiU,ox wine. 

Fi?««groweth Srveethy Rowling, or Prefing them gently with the 
Hand' As Rowling-Peares,DamaJins,S)i.c.hy Kottemej[f(-^ As Medlars, 
Seruiceslsloes,Hefs, &c.By Tme- As Apples, ivar den s,Pomgranats,Uc. 
By certame Speciall Maturations;As by Laying th^^m in Hay,Straw,S>:c. 
And by FW J As in Roa/iing, Stewing, Baking, &c. The Caufe o£ the 
Sweetneffehy Rowling, and Preffing, is Emollition, which they properly 
enduce -, As in Beating of5m^fi/i!),f/e/fc,&c. By Rottenncfe is,for that 
the Spirits ofthe Fruit,by Putrefaaion,ga.thcr Heat, and thereby difgeft 


Qentury, 1 X. 

the Harder Partj For in MPutrif.iBions, there is a Degree ot HcJt. By 
Time and Keeping isjbccaufc the Sj^irits of the Eody, doc eucr feed vpon 
ihc Tangible I' arts J and attenuate thcm.By feuerall AfjturJtions is^by 
I fome Degree o!^ Hat. And by Fire is, becaiiie it is the proper Work of 
' //wt to Refine-, and CO Incorporate ^ And all 5o»rf«<;//'^conriftech in 
fome Grojfnejje of the Body : Andal! Incorporation doth mak.- the Mix- 
ture of the Body^ more Eqitdl^ in all the Pans ; Which euer induceth a 
Milder rj//f. ' 

OF fLJIks^ fomcarc Edi!>le ; Some, except it be in Famine, not. For 
thole that are not Edil;le,ihc Cwft is,for that they haue(conamon- 
Iy)coo much Bittcrncfj'e ofTajlc 5 And therefore thole Creatures, which 
are Fierce and Cho>lerickCj aro not Edible-^ As Lions^ phlucs, SquirrcUs, 
Dovs^Foxes^ Horfcs, Sec. As for Kine^shccpe, Goat s,D cere ^Svrinc^Cdtmeyes, 
Hares, SccVVc lee they are Mildc,di\-\<\ Fcartfjll.Yct it is true, thar {^or- 
fes^whichare Bcajls of Courjgc, hauebeenc, and arc c.uen by fome 
Nations • As the Scythians were called Hippoph.igi, And the chinefcs cat 
Horfc'Jicfh til this day . And fome Ghntons haue vfed to haue Colts-f.cj]^ 
baked. In Birds^iyych as are Carnliior.e^x,\d Birds oiPrey^ arc commonly 
no Good Meat j But the Realbn is,ratlicr the Chokric^e Nature of thole 
Birds, thiLn their Feeding vpon f/d/jbj For Puits , Gulls, Shoueldrs, Ditch, 
doc feed vpon f/^/I;, and yet are Good Meat : And we fee, that thole 
5jVir, which arc o^Prey, or feed vpon fU^}^ arc good Meat^ when they 
arc very Young -, As Hawkcs,RQokcs out of the Ncaft, OvAes^Zcc. Mans 
Fltjb is not Eaten. The Reafons are Three ; Firft,bccaufe Men in Huma- 
nity doe abhorrc it: Secondly, becaufc no Z,/«/«g Creature,ihai Dyeth of 
itfelfe, IS "ood to Eat : And therefore the C<7w/^j^/j(thcmfelues ) eat no 
Mans-fi(pj,oi\ho[c that Dye of Thewfclues, but of fuch as are 5/.//n^.Thc 
Third is,becaure there mul\ bc(generally)rome Dijparity, between the 
Nourijhment ,^ndthc Body NoHrijhed',/Kn^ they mufl: not be Ouer-necre, 
or hke;Yct we rcc,tlfat in great fyeakemjJ'es,^udConfumptions,Mcn haue 
bc*enc fuftaincd wixhiyomms Milkei^nd Ficinus fondly(as I concciue) 
adui(ech,for the Prolerjguion of Life,ihat a reine be opened in the Arme 
offome wholcfome ToungMan j And the Bloud tobe fucked. It is laid, 
that witches doe greedily eat Ai.;«.f-//i/L- which If it be true,belides zDi- 
uellifb Jppctitc in rhem,it is likely to proceed, .for that Mans-Jiejlj may 
fend vp high and Pleafmg Vapours, which may flirre the Imagination-^ 
And ;;-/trk.f Felicity is chiefly in Imagination ^slS hathbcenc faid. 

THcre is an Ancient Rcceiucdrr.j<://f/<>« of the SalatniKder^thzt it li~ 
u?th in the Pire, and hath force alio to extinguilli the Fi;e. It muft 
hauetwo Things jif it be truc,to this Opfr.7t/(7'/: The One a very Clofe 
5/7«, whereby Flame which in theMt(irt is not fo hor,cannot entcr:For 
wee lee that if the Palme ot the Hani be anointed thickc with ivhite of 
1 ^^'^1^^^ ^'^^" Aquaaitxbe powred vpon if,andEnflamed,yet one may 
1 endure the Flame a pretty while. The other is fome Extreme Coldand \ 
L _ « ^c»chi»i ' 


SolitJiy tou- 

Solitary lou- 
^hing the Sal*- 




Solicary tou- 

I Qjtenchiii^ venue, in the Bodyoi thdt Crcuture^which choaketh the fire. 
I Wee ice that Mili'e cpcneheth irild-fre,betttr than miter, becairie it 
' entrcth better. 

"T^Ime doth change Fruit, (as Apj^les^PejreSyPotnfranntes, &c.) from 
ching t'hcco»- j X moxe SoTvre, to more ^ipf^t.-Butcontrariwile Liquors ( cuen thofc 
trary optraims iixat are of the lujce of Friut ) from more Sjveet to more Sowre j As H'ort, 
FrJiTaaYii^ '^^^fii ^^'J^ f^eriuyce^^c. The Caufe is, the Contre^Jtion of the spirits to- 
^Mn. gether;For in both Kindes,the5/>/mj is attenuated by Time,'Qui in the 

^^i fi r ft Kindc, it is more Dijfufed,and more Maflered by the Grojfer Parti, 
which the ^^/r/Vj doe but difgel^ : But in Drinks the Spirits doc reigne, 
and finding IcflTe Oppofition of the Pjrt/, become themfclues more 
i"fro«^' Which caufeth aUb more Strength in the Liquor •, Suchjasif 
the Spiritsbc of tljc Hotter Sort, the L/^ao/bccommeth aptto/iurm- 
But in Time, it caufeth likewife, when the Higher Spirits are Euapo- 
rated^more 5(Jji'/f «?//<:■. 

IT hath beene obfcrucd by the Ancier.ts, that PUtes of Metall, and 
efpccially oiBr^iJfe, applycd prefcntly to a bIotv, will keepe it downe f 
iromSrvelliiig. TheCaujeis Rc^ercujsio^, without Humetlation^ or En-j 
trance of any BoJy : for the pbte hath only a rirtu-iH Cold, which doth 
not fearch into the Hurt^Whereas all pLifters, and Ointments do enter. 
S urely , the Cuufe , that Blowes and Bruifis cnduce Swellings, is, for that 
the Spirit refortingto Succour the Panthax. Labourcth, draw alfo the 
Humouri with them : For we fee, that it is not the Repulfe, and the Re- 
turne of the Biimettr in the Part Strucken, that caufeth it ; For That 
Gouti, &n<l Tooth- Aches caufe fwelling, where there is no PercujJio>i 
at all. 

Soiitaiy (ou- 
chin? Bli/wci 
and Briiifis. 


Solitary tou- 
ching the Orrif 


Solitaty tou- 
ching the Com- 
fupan of ti- 


THe Naturs of the Orris Root, is .".Imoft Singular; For there be few 
Odoriferous Roots ^hi\<\ in thofe that are, in any degree,5irfff , it is 
but the fame SweetneJJe with the Wood, or Leafe : But the Orris is not 
Sweet in the Leafe ; Neither is the Flower any thing fo Sweet as the Root. 
The Root feemeth to haue a Tender dainty Heat -, Which when it com- 
meth aboue Ground, to the Sunne, and the Aire, vanifheth : For it is a 
great 3/o/5^/jffr ; And hatha Smell like a r/o/ff. 

IT hath beene obferucd by the Ancient s,lhit a great vejfel full,drawne 
into Bottles • And then the Licfuer put againe into the f^ejfell; will not j 
fill the Tf/f/Zagaine, fo full as it was, but that it may take in more Li 
quor : And that this holdeth more in Wine, than in H'-ater. The Caufe 
may be Triuiallj Namely ,by the E.xpcnce of the Liq'ior, in regard Tome 
may fticke to the Sides of the Bottles : But there may be a Caufe more 
Subtill ;Whichis, that the Liquor in the reffelli is not (o muchCo;«- 
prejfed, as in the Bottle ; Bccaufe in the rejfelf,the Liquor meeteth with 
Liquor chiefly ; But in the Bottles a' Small Quantity of Ljque/, mee- 

(^enturj. I X. 

t^tb with the Sides of the Bottles^ which Comprefie it (b, that it doth 
not Open it againe, 

VT J Ater^ being contiguous wirh ^/ri*^ CooIethifjbutMoiftcnethit 
W^ notjCxrcptitri?/'tf»r. TheC4»/cis,for that //<'4f, and C<>/i^hanca 
Virtudl Tnnfiuon , without Commanicatton of Subftance ; but AUifture 
not: Andto ailM./(/<r/«£?/*»thercis required an Imbibition: But where 
tliie^o<//«areof fuch feucrall Lenity, and Grauity, as they Mingle nor, 
there can follow no Imbibition. And therefore, Ojle hkewife lyeth at the 
TV/* of \}as.iVAUr^ without Commixture : And a Dro^ of Wxier^ running 
fwifiily ouer a Srarc, or SmoethBody, wettcth not. 

'■' '• "''*>' 

S Tar-Light Nights^ yea, and bright Moone-^jine Nif>^hts^ arc Colder than 
cUudj Nights^ The Cauf'e is^ the Drincjje and FinencJJeoi' the ^irf, 
which thereby becommeth more Piercing, and sharpe : And therefore 
Grejt Centinems are colder than ijlands: And as for the 4/i5»*.s-e, though 
it felfe inclineth the Aire to Motjlure, yet when it lliineth bn'ghr, itar- 
gueth the Aire is dry. Alfo Cbfe Aire, is warmer than Open Airt ; which 
(it may be) is^ for that the tiuc CuMife of C«ld, is an Expiradaa from the 
Globe o[ the Earthy which inopcn Placet is ftrongct; Andagaine, Aire 
itfclfc, if it bee not altered by that Expiratico, is not without fome Se- 
cret Degree of Heat : As it is not iikewife without fome Secret Degree of 
Light: For otherwife Cat.t, and Owles, could not fee in the ^ight-^ But 
that Aire hath a little Light , Proportionable to the Vtfuill Spirits of 
thofe Cre.nures. 

THe Eyes doe moue one and the fame way • For when one Eje mo- 
ueth to the NoJ^hrillythc other moueth from the Nojlhrill. The Caufe 
is Motion olConJent^ which in the Spirits, and Parts Spirituall /is Strong. 
But yet ;7^ will induce the Contrary : For fome can Squint, when they 
will : And the Common Tradition is, that [^Children be fet vpon a Table, 
with a Candle behind them, both Eyes willmoue Outwards j As aflfe- 
dtingtolee the light, and fo induce 5^»i«/i«^. 

Wee fee more cxquifitely with one Eje Shnt^ than with Both Open. 
The Cau/e is, for that the Spirits yi/itaU vnitc themfelues more, andfo 
become Stronger. For you may ice by looking in a Glajfe, that when you 
fliut one Eye, the Pupill of the other Eye, that is Open, Dilateth. 

The£7«, if the 5'/gAf meet not in one Angle ^ see Things Double. The 
Caufeis, forthat5^««^ Two Things, and5'tff/«ifone Thing twice, wor- 
keththe famef^H; Aud therefore a little Pellet, held bctweenctwo 
Bingers laid a-cro(Te, feemeth Double. 

Pore-bliadeAfen, fee beftin the Dimmer Lights-^ And Iikewife haue 
their Sight Stronger nccre hand, than thofe that are not Pore-blinde^ And 
canReadc and Write fmaller Letters. The Caufe is, for th&t the Spirits 
nfuall, in thofe that are Pore-blinde, arc Thinner and Rarer, than in o- 
thers • And therefore the Greater Z/e^<difpcrfcththem. For the fame 

V CMfe 


Solitary, tou- 
ching tlic«V i"- 


Solitary tou- 
ching the A'fl. 
lure oi Aire. 


in Confort 
touching the 






[SQturaU Hifiory : 




Caafe they need Contradling ; But being CantrABed, are more flrong, 
than the f^ifuall Spirits 0^ Ordinary Eyes arc -^ As when we fee thorowa 
Leuell,ihc S(£_bt is the Stronger: And fo is it, when you gather the Eye- 
iids ibmcwhax. clofe: And it is commonly feenein thofc that are Pare- 
hlindt^ that they doe miich gather the EyeMds together. But Old Men, 
when the^ would fee to Reade, putthe Paper fomewhat afarre off. The 
CAufi'is^ ioxthAi Old Mens Spirits rifually conttixytQlhoieo^PfreMmde 
Mm^ vnite not, but when the OhkB is at fome good diftance, from 
their £;'^/. ^o ,jt /> ^n.. ! 

Men fee better, when:their ^jes are ouer-againft the S««»f, or a Cak- 
dUy if they put their HAnddi Httle before their Eje, The Keifonh^ for that 
the Glaring of the Sunne^ or the Candle doih weaken the Eye ; whereas the 
Light Circnmfufed is enough for the ferteptitn. For Wc fee, that anOner- 
light m^kcxh the Eyes Dazell^ Infomuch as Perpetuall Looking againft 
the Sume, would Caufe BUadneJJe. Againe, if Men come out of a Great 
Eighty into a Darke Ro0jne • And contrariwife, if they come out of a 
Darke Reome, into a Light Roome, they feemeto haue a ii///? before their 
Eyes, and fee worfe than they fhall doe, after they haue Hayed a Jittle 
while, cither in the Li^t, or in the D&rhe. The Cattfe is, for that thc5/>i- 
rits Vifually arc vpon a Sudden Change difturbed, and put out of Or- 
der j And till they be rccolleded, doe not performe their Ftindion well. 
For when they are much £>//4rf<i by Light y they cannot contract fudden- 
Ivj And when they are much Cwfr^fff^ by Dariwf^, they cannot Z)/7<?;^ 
fuddenly. And Excefle of both thefe (that is, of the DiUtaiim, and 
Ctf»fr<J^/o«of the^/'/r;Vj-r//«<i//,)ifitbelong, Deftroyeth the Eye. For 
as long Looking againft the 5«», or Fw, hurteth the Eye^ by Dilatation ^ 
So CariouiPAintingin Small yolumeSt and Readingoi Smdl Letters^ d« 
hurt the Ejehy GcntraBian. 

It hath beene obfcrued, that in j4nger^ the Eyes vv-ax Red-^ And in 
Blftfhing, not the E^es, but the Eares, and the Parts behinde them. The 
Caufe is^ forthatin-^»^fr, the i/mt^ afccnd and wax Eager j Which is 
moft eafily feene in the Eyes^ bccaufe they arc Tranflucidc ; Though 
withall it makethboth the Cheekes, and the Gills Redt, But in Blu/hifig, it 
is trucj the Spirits afcend likewife to Succour, both the Eyes and the 
Face, which are the farts that labour ; But then they are rcpulfcd by 
the Eyesy for that the Eyes, in Shame doe put backe the spirits that af- 
cend to them, as vnwillingtolooke abroad: For no Man^ in that Pafi- 
fn, doth looke ftrongly, but Deiededly ; And that Repulfion from the 
EyeSf Diuertcththe 5/>/r/Vjaiid^w*moreto the Eares ^ and the Farts by 

The OhieBs of the Sight, may caufe a gteat Pleafttre and Delight in 
the Spirits Jbut no Paine, or great Offence . Except it be by MemtryjSiS hath 
beetle faid. ThcG/rwy^jandBe^nwwof Dwww^/jthatftrike the Eye-, In- 
dian Feathers, that haue glorious Colours; IhtCtnsming into a Fairer 
Garden; The Cemming into 3. F air eRoomi richly furniflied j hBeautifult 
Perfon ; And the like ; doe delight and exhilarate the Spirits much. The 

_ Rta/ePt 

i Century, IX. 

ReafoK^why it holdeth not in the Ojfence ^is^^or that thcsight is the moft 

j sfirhmll of the Senfes j whereby it hath no ObieH GrolTe enough to of- 

; fend it. But the Caufe (chiefly) is, for that there be no ABiue Obiecis to 

I offend the Eye. Vox Harmonkall Sounds ^ and DifconLint Sounds^arc both 

f Aiiitte, and Fofnitte : So are Sweet Smcls\ and Stinhs : So are ^/t*e/-,and 

Srpeet^ in Tjjles : So arc Ouer-Hot^ and Ouer-Celd, in Touch : But ^Lr/'- 

nefj'e, and Darhejfe, are indeed but Priu^tiues j And therefore haue 

little or no ^^i«/y.Somcwhat they doe Contriftatc, but very little. 

VT 7 y^f f r ofthe Set J or othetwifcjlooketh Blacker when it is moued, 
Vv andfr/i/Vfrwhenitrefteth. TheCj«yfis, for that by meanes of 
the Motion^ the Beames of light palTe not Str^iight, and therefore muft 
be darkncd:wliereas,when it refteth,the Beames doc pafTe Straight.Be- 
fides, splendour hath a Degree of H'hirenejfey Efpecially if there be a lit- 
tle Re^crcujiion: For a l.ooking-GliJfc with the Steele bchinde, looketh 
ivhiter than Gli(fe Simj^le. T his £ xperiment defcrueth to be driucn fur- 
ther, in Trying by what meanes Motion may hinder sight. 

SHeH-FijIj haue beene, by fome of the -^^/if/W/^com pared and fortccT 
with the infeBj-^m I fee no reafon why they Hiouldj For they haue 
M.ile, and Female, as other Fifh haue : Neither are they bred of Putri- 
]f.iBioH J Efpecially fuch as doc Moue. NeuerthelefTc, itiscertaine,that 
Oyjlcrs^ana. CocHcs^and Mujfles ^which Moue notjhaue no difcriminate 
Sex: ^'f re in what time,and howr they are bred ? It fecmeth that shels 
of Oyftt'rs are bred where none were berofc ; And it is tried, that the 
great Horfe-Muffle, with the fine (liell, thatbrccdeth in Ponds, hath 
bred within thirty yeares : But then,which is ftrangc,it hath beene tri- 
ed, that they doe not onely Gape,and Shut, as the Ojjlers doe, but Re- 
moi^e from one Place to Another. 

THe senfcs are alike Strong,both on the Right Sideband on the Left; 
But the Limbes on the Right Side are Stronger. The Caufi may be, 
for that the Braine, which is the inJlrumcHt of Senfiy is alike on both 
Sides'^Bm Motien^^d Habilitiesof Mouing^mxc fomewhat holpcn from 
the Z,///c.',which lieth en the Ri^t may be alfo,for that thc^f^- 
/e/ are put in £xfmyf,indifFercntly,on both 5/iif/, from the time of our 
Birth ; But the L/w^f/arcvfcdmoflonthc Right Side, whereby Cu- 
/?#;//? helpcth- Forwe fee that fomc are i:.f/f-//./;i^tf(/; Which are fuch, 
as haue vfcd the Lift-Hand moflr. 

FRiciions make the Parts move Flefhieind Full : As wee fee both in 
Men-^ And in Currying of Horfcs, Scc.Thc Caufe is,for that they draw 
greater ^antity of Spirits and Bleud to the Parts: And againe,becaule 
they draw thcJllime/it more forcibly from within: And againCjbecaufe 
they relax the Pores, and fo make better P^Jfage for the Spirits, Bloud, , 
and ////?7jf «f ;Laftly jbccaufe they diffipatc and difgeft any Inutile or Ex- \ 


Solitary tou. 
/Pfctef thcSM, 
or other Wc:cr. 

Solitary tou- 
ching bhcU- 


Solitary rou- 
chmgihe Ri^ht 
Side, and the 


Solitary ecu- 


V 2 



^aiuralJ Hijiorj: 

Soluary teu- j 
chingGtotM \ 
appearing F.'rt/ 


Solitary tou- 

SoLtaiy tou- 
ching theKow. 
fiflj and Brta. 
Ifingoi tht Sea. 


Solitary tou' 
cWng the Dnl- 

\ 881 

Solitary tou- 
ching the K«. 
lurue ofSalt- 
nefe'in Pit sip- 
on theScd- 


crementittous Metjlfire^whkh lieth in the f /t/I?: All which hclpc .4jsirm- 
Ltion. Friiiions alfo cjoe more Fill, and Impinguutc the £e^/j than Exer- 
cife. TheCj«/eis, for that in Friciions, \\\iiJf:re.:rd Parts arc at reft . 
Which in Exenife are beaten(many times)too muchiAnd for the fame 
Rcafon, (as wc haiie noted heretofore) Gully- sLuus iircf./xand FUjhie^ 
becaufe they ftirre the Limmes more, and the inw>ird Farts lelTc. 

ALL G/oZ'w afar offappeare Flat. The Caufi is,for that X)//?d»i-f be- 
ing a Secundary OhieB of Sight, is not othcrwife difcerncdjthan by 
more or lefleLr^/?^, which Dij^arity when it cannot bedircerncd,all fee- 
meth Ofje: As it is (generally) in obiefls noi diftindtiy difcerncd ; For 
fo Letters^ if they be To farre off, as they cannot be difcerncd, (hcvr but 
a? a Dtakijh Paper : And aWEnfrauinvs and EmhjfingSj (a farre off) ap- 
peare Pluwe. 

THc rtmoft Parts of Shadowcs fecme eucr to Tremble. The Cw/t is, 
for that the little M^eats^^hich we fee in the Sm^doc e«cj Stirrc, 
though there be no mnd-^And therefore thofe Mouing, in the Meeting 
of the Light and the shadow, from the Livht to the Shaderr, and from 
the Shad'irv to the Lifht, doe llicw the shadow to Moiie, becaufe the 
Medium ^oueth. 

' I 

SHallovo and Narrov SeM^ breake iftore than Heepe and Lt?f^f . The 
Cauft is, for that the Ifnpulfion being the fame in BothjWhcre there 
is greater ^uantitie o^H^ater, and likewife Spact Enoughjthere the tya. 
fcrRowlcthand Moueth, both more Slowly, and withaSloperRife, 
and Fall ; But where there is leflc v/ater^ and lefll* Space^ and the water 
dafheth more againft the Bottome, there it moueth more Swiftly,and 
more mPrecipice'^oxm the breakingoi ih&fvaues there is eucr a Precipice* 

IT hath beenc obferved by the Ancients .y that Salt water Soyled, or 
Boyled and Cooled againe, is more Potable, than of it felfe Raw : And 
yet the Tajleof Salt in Difiillationshy f Wjrifcth not ; For the Difiilled 
water will be F/c/K;. The Caufe may be, for that the S.nt Part of the Wa- 
ter^ doth partly rife into a Kindc oiscumme on the Top j And partly go- 
eth into a Sediment in the Bottome : And fo is rather a Scpdr-nlon, than 
an Euaporation. But it is too grofTe to rife into a rapour : And fo is a Bit- 
ter Tajle likewile j For Simple Difiilled waters, niwornn'vpood, and the 
like, are not Bitter. 

IT hath beene let downe before, that Pits vpon the Sea.shore^ turne 
into Frefj water by Percolation of the Salt through the Sand: But it is 
further noted, by fome of the Ancient sjihmx. in fome Places o^ Ajfricke, 
after a time, the Water in fuch Pits will become Brackijl^ againe. The 
Caufe is, for that after a time, the very Sands, thorow which the Salt- 
water paffeth, become Salt j And fo the Strainer it felfe is tinded with 


Qenturj iX. . 

SAt. The remedy therefore is, to digge ftili New .Pits^ wlten the old 
wax Brac/cifh, As iFyou would change your St^ruincr. 

IT hath beene obferued by the Ancients^ that Salt water ;vri]\ diflblue 
S.dt piu into it,in lelTe iimc,than Frefl?->y.iter will dhlolue it. The Cutfe 
iwA)' b^^'iox lh^t rhc sdtmi\\c rreccdcm fvater^ doth, by similitude of 
Siibfidnce^dx3.\v tlu- 5j/f new put injVnto it j Whereby it diflfufeth in the 
Liquor more fpcedily. This is a Noble Exj^erirrtem^ if it be true • For it 
fneweth Mcancs of more Quicke and Eafie Ififujions'^And it is likcwi/e 
a good IniUnce ol jtttraciionj Dy Similitude oiSuhjUmcc, Try it with Su- 
fjir put into Water ^ formerly Sugrtdj And into oihcx H''ater rnfuvrcd. 

N ; W 

PVt S'ji^ir intofr/«c, partof itabouc, part vnderthe/r/«e . And you 
ilv-U nude, (that which may ftcme llrangc,) that the Sua.^- abouc 
the W7w,will fotten and diflolue fooncr, than that within the /r/»c,The 
Cau^c is, for that xkiamne entreth that Part of the Su<iar^ which is vnder 
the H-V^f, by Simple /«/;//jo«, or Spreading ; But that Pan aboue the 
M'/«eislikevvifefoicedby Sucking : For all Spuvgie Bodies expell the 
/J/Vc,and draw in Liquor, \i'\i be Contiguous; As we fee it alfo in spun- 
gi'S, pur part about ciieP^/ffr. It is worthy the Inquiry, to fee how you 
may make more Accurate Infujions, by \\<i\^Q oi AttraBion, 

\T J JtcrvCi vvelh is rcarmcriVi mnter, than in Sttmmcr : And fo Aire 
W inC.?/«.f. Thc(7^«JJis, for that in the Hither /'jrr/, vnder the 
£jyt/;, there is a Degree of fome Heat • (Asappearech in Sulphurcetn 
yeifies,&cc.) W hich iliut clofe in, (as in kvinter) is the More j But ifit 
Pcrfpirc, (as it doth in Summer^ it is the Leflc. 

IT is reported, chat amongft the ;f,f/«-4fw«i-, invf««Wtime, vpona 
Supertlition,they did vfc to precipitate a v^4«,{rom a ///gi? cliff e into 
the 5ej- Tying about him, with ftrin^, at fome diftancc, many great 
Forvles . And fixing vnto his Body diuers Feathers , fpread, to brcake the 
Fa//. Certainly many Birds, ofgood Jfing,(A% Kites, and the like) would 
beare vp a good H^eight as they H ie^ AndSpreading o? Feathers, thin and 
clofe,and in greatBreadth,will likewife beare vp a great ff^eight; iieino^ 
cuen laid,without Tilting vpon the Sides. The (mthetExtc/iJioHohlns 
Experiment for Plyifg may be thought vpon. 

THere is, in fome Places, (namely mCephaknia^) alktk Shruh, 
which ihey call HoJy'Oake, ot Dwirfc-Oakc : Vpon the Leaue's 
whereof there rifeth a Ttmour, like a Blijler-, Which rhcy gather and 
rub out of it, a certaine Red Duji, ;hat conutrtcth (after a vyhile) into 
f^'fl/-wa,which they kill with if^iac, (as is reported,} Vi'feg^ t^ey be^-in 
to Quicken: "With this I) «^ they die iV/7r/cf. ^. 



^olicary tou- 
ching AttraQi- 
on by Similuudc 

Solitary lou- 


Solitary tou- 
ching Heal xn- 

Solitary tou- 
ching i-Vyi»^ in 
the A»e. 


Soliiaty tou- 
ching ihc D)t 


N Zant, it is very ordinary, to make Men Impotent, to accompany 1 ETperimem 

. V g with I Solitary tou. 1 

i 228 



Solitary tou- 
ching the X//t 
ot fl'ater, liy 
Meant s ot 



1 in Con fort 
touching the 
Jnfiuencci of 
the Motnt. 

J\(aturall Hiilory: 


with tht'iT ff'iues. The like is pradilcdui Gajceme-^ Vv here it is ta'lcci 
Nouerl'fgu.lUtte. It is praflifcd alwaiesvpon xhc Wedding Day. Arid in 
Zant, the Mothers thcmfcliies doc it, by way of PrciKntion j Bccaufc 
thereby they hinder oi\\cx Cbirmcs^ and can vndoc their Owne. It is a 
Thing the Ctuill L4W taketh knowledge of j And therctore is ol no Li"ht 

TT-isa Common Experiment^ but the Canfeis miftaktn. Take a Fft^ 
*- (Orbettera Ghjje^ becaufe therein you n-.iy fee the Meiton^) Andfcta 
cW/r lighted in the Botiome of a Bajen of iv.iir • Ard tun c tf e Mcuih \ 
of the PotyOx GlaJJe^oufiT the Candle ^ ard it will make the Wdier rife. 1 hev 
afcribeit, totheDr4w/»^of Htat j W hich is not true: Fcritappcaxetii 
plainly tobe but a Motitnoi Nexe^ which they call Ne ditttr 'vacuum. 
Anditproceedeththus. Ihe Flame o{ the Caxiilty asioincasit iscoie-l 
red, being futfocatcd by the Clofe Aire^ leflcretb by !ii tie and littjc- : Dir 
ring which time, there is fomc little Alcenr of WAttr^ bur not much : For 
the F/<?«»; Occupying lefle and kfl'e Rocmc, as it Jeflcncth, the water 
fucccedeth. But vpon the /»)?<«»/ of xhcCimdies Qoirgout, there isafud- 
den^//if,ofagreatdealeofff<i»er J For that ihcledyoi theF/diwefijJcth 
no more Place ^ And fo the Aire^ and the truer iuccccd. It worketh the 
fame £/ff <3, it infteadof ^4Jfr, you put Flewer^ orsand, iutothc-Ba/e/f 
Which fhewcthj that it is not the Flames drawing the L/queur, asiv*«- 
rifhment ^ As it is fuppofed j For all Btdiet arc alike vnto it j As it is euer 
inMotionoi' N'exe-^ Infomuch aslhauc fecnethe G/^/Z'^j being held b) 
the Hand, hath lifted vp the Ba/en^ and all : The Aiottm ofNexe, did fo 
Clafpethe Bgtteme of the Bafcn. That Experiment, when the Ea/en was 
lifted vp, was made withOjk, and not with rvater : Ncucrthelefle this 
is true, that at the very firrt 5f«/K^ of the Mfutho{the Glaffe, vponthc 
B0ttpfneoh\xe Bj/en^ itdrawethvp the »'4tf/-a.Jirtle, and then Itandcthar 
a Stay,almoittilltheC<i»c//« Gnng out, as wasfaid. This may fhewfome 
AttrsBiensx. firft : But of this we will fpeake more, when we handle At- 
traBhm by Heat. 

Of the Poxeer of the CekfiiaB Bodies, and what more Se- 
cret Influences ihey haue, bcfides the two Manifel} Influences 
oi Heat, and Light yWcfhsW fpcakc, when wc handle Hxperi- 
ments touching the CelefliaO Bodies: Mcaac-wFule, wcc wili 
giuefameDiicdions for more ccrtainernWj, of ther>m/e_. 
and Influences of the Moone j which is our Neareji Neigh 

The Influences o^ the Moone, ("mofl obferuedj are Fourc. 
ThzDrayping forth o^ Heat: The Inducing o{ ^utri/aSlion: 
The Increafe of Moiflure : The Exciting of the Motions of 


"Century. IX. 

Far the Drawingfonh of Hf./r;, we haue formerly prcfcribcd, to take 
f^JtcrlVurm '^and to let Part of it Jtgainft ihc MnOfW-Beu/iics^und Part of 
I It with a 6'/Ta'«ebciween- And to fee whether that which (Ufidcth Ex- 
jipolcd to the Be.imcs, will not Coole looner. But bccaufe this is but a 
: SmA\[lfiterjwjition-^(ihovgh m thcStmwc fee a Small 5Wcdoth much,) 
j It were good to try ir,whcn the Moo le Ihinethj^ when the Moo?!eihi- 
! ne:h not ac all ^ And with fv^ter W^irme in a GlaJJ'c-B ottlcy as well as in a 
[ JJijh ; And with Cinders • And with Iron Red'Hot y &c, 
I Por the Ind (cingoi Putrifjtfion^ it were good to trie it with Fteflj^ or 
f/7/j, Expofed to tiie Moone-Beames ; And againe Expofed to the Aire^ 
wlic n the Meonc fnincth not,for the like time *To fee whether will cor- 
nipr lo^^ner : And trie it alio with Cwpo«, or fomc ©thcr f ejr/f , layda- 
oroadjto He whether it will mortific,and become tender looner ? Trie 
it alio with Dead Flies fix pvortnes^ hauing a little n'atcr caft vpon 
tuem,to lee whether will Putrife fooncr. Trie it alfo with an y^p^h; or 
Orenge^ hailing Holes made in their TV^r, to fee whether will Rotor 
M JLiid iboncr? Trie it alio with Hollund-Chcefc^ hauing nine put into h^ 
whether will breed .l/;rf.f fooner, or greater ? 

¥oxx.\\c!ncn\ifeo{ Moijiure^ the Opinion Rccciued is -That Seeds 
will grow loonelt , And //.;/rf ,and Nailes^znd Hed^cs^ and Herbs S^w, 
&:c, will grow fl^oneft, if they be S<^t^ or Cut, m the Increafe ot the 
Moonc. Aifo that Braincs in RMts^nood-cockes^ C.jlues,&cc. are fiillcft in 
the full of the Afoone^jHud Co oiM^irrow in the Bones: And Ibof O///07, 
and Codkij wiiich of all the reft arc the caficft tried, it you hauc them 
in Pits. 

Take fome Seeds y or Roots, (as Omons,icc.) and fet fome of them im- 
mcdiatly aftertheC/w;7gf j And others of the famekindeimmediarcly 
arter the Full. Let them be as Like as can be : The Earth alfo t he lame 

I as nccre as may be • And therefore beft in Pots : Let the Pots alfo ftand, 
where no Raine^ ovSnhne may come to them, left the DijfWence of the 
tvcathcr co'[\[ouT\d the Experiment: knd then fee in whatTimc,the Seeds 
Set in the Incre.ife of the Moone^ come to a ccrtaine Height ; And how 
they differ from thofe that are Set in the Decreiife of the Moone. 

It is like,thatthe Briiine of A/a« waxcth Moijier, and FidUr,\'poa the 
F«//of the Moo)ie:x\nd therefore it were good for thofe that haue Afoiji 
Brjincs,^ are great Drinkers^ to rake Fume o( Lignum Aloes ^Rofe-M.irj^ 
Franfi nccnfc^Ssic.abom the Full of the Moone. It is like alfo,that the //«- 
^!.'o;iis in Mens Bwi/V.f, Increafe, and Dccrcale, as the Moone dcth ; And 
herefore it were good to Purge, fome day, or two, after the Full- For 
rhat then the Humonrx will not replcnilli fo foone againe. 

As for the Fxitln^ of the Motion of the Spirits, yow muft note that the 
GmvthoC Hedges, Herbs, H.iire,^c. iscauled from the Moone, by Exci- 
ting of the Spirits, as well by Increafe of the Moifiure. But for Spirits in 
particular, the groat /«/?.j«fc is in Lwwr/Vj. 

There may be other Secret Ejf\ils o{ i\\c Influence of the Afoone^ 
which are not yet brought into ObjlruJtion. It may be, that if it lb fall 

J , , _-J^ 









' ly 

S\(anirali Hijlory: 


Solicaiy tou- 
ching i^iaegar. 


Solitary cou- 
ching Crearaw 
that Sltepe all 


Solitary tou- 
ching the Ge- 
nerattng of 
Cna'Hrei by C<h- 



oiitj that the Windbe Nstih, oxNonh-Eajl^ inrheF»// of the Moone, it 
increafethCtfW^ hc\<MiSoHth^ ox South-Weft , itdUpofcth the^//r, fora 
good while, to WArmth^ and ^dne j Which would be obOrued. 

It may be, that children^ and Toung Cattell^ that are f>reiifiht forth in the 
FuUoi the Meone, are ftronger, and larger, than thofe that are brought 
forth in the w««; And thofc alfo which are Begotten in theFw^ot the 
Afeotte : So that it might be good Huibatidrj, to put Rams^ ctwd Bulls i(d 
their Female^ fomewhat before the Full of the Moone. \i maybeeaHb, 
that the fg^ejlay'd in the F«// of the Moone^ breed the bet tcr£/W; And 
a Number of the like EffeBs, which may be brought into Oh/eruathn : 
Qu^re a\(6i whether great Thunders, and Earth-Quakes^ be not molt in 
the Full of the Mfcne ? 

THe THrning of Wine to rinegar^ is a Kinde of Putri faff ion : And in 
Making otFiaegar, they vfc to fct rebels of Wine, ouer againlt the 
Noone-sttnne -^ which calleth out the more Otl; Spirits, and Icaucththc 
Ltquour more Soure, and Hard, Wee fee alfo, that Durnt-friae is m&re 
Hard, and jlfiringent, than pr/«f Vnburnt. 1 1 is faid j that C/^f r in Nauigati- 
ons vnder the L/«e ripeneth, when ^w or Bffre foureth. It were good 
to let a Ruttdlet of Veriaice ouer againft the Sunne, in Summer, as they doe 
Finegar, to fee whether it will Ripen^ and Sweeten. 

T Here be diuers Creatures, that i'/ff/'tf all mnter-. As the B(f4/<?, the 
Hedge-hogge^ the B4;, the £<?<?, &c. Thefe all wax Fat when they 
^/(•i-jj^fjandegcftnor. The Crfw/i' of theii Fattening^ during their Sleeping 
time, may be the^4»* of A^imtlating-^ For whatfoeuer Jpmilateth not 
to f/if^jturneth either to ^Wtf-*/, orF<ir. Thek Creatures, for part of their 
sleeping Time, haue beene obfcrued not to Stirre at a 1 ; And for the other 
part, to Stirre, but not to Rewoue. And they get irarme and Clofe Places 
to sleepe in. When the F lemmings Wintred in Mua Zemhla, the Beares^ 
about the Middle of iViotf^w^^?", went to Sleepe-^ And then the Ftfx« be- 
gan to come forth, which Durll not before. It is noted by fome of the 
Ancients, that the Shee-Bearebrecdeth, and lyethin with their Young, 
duringthattimeof iJf/?; And that a Bwr^, Bigge with Toung, hath fel- 
dome Scene feene. 

SOa\e li»ir3g Creatures are Procreated byC(?p«/<«(/Mbetweene Malc^, 
dnd Female: Some by PutrifaBien-^ And of thofe which come hyPu- 
tnfaEiton, many doe (neuerthelelfc) afterwards procreate by CopuUtion. 
For the Cattfe of both Generations : Firll, it is moll certaine, that the 
Caufe of all Vimficatien, is a Gentle, and Proportionable Heat, working vp- 
on a Glutinous and Yeelding Subftance : For the Heat doth bring forth Spi- 
rit in chat sub fiance .• And the Subftance, being Glutmow^ produceth Two 
E felts: The One, that the Spirit is Detained, and cannot Breake forth: 
The Other, that the ^rff«r being Gtf»//e,and yeelding, is driucn forwards 
by the Motion oi the spirits, afterfome Swelling into Shape, and Members. 


Centui'}', J X. 

Tht-rcforc all Sperme,il\ Mcnjlmoits Subjiancc^AW M-'ntcr\v\\QvvoiCre.i- 
tun-i arc produced by Put>-if.ici:on^h.xv.(^ ciiermorc a Clofmc[Jc^Lcntoi:r 
and S'.qit ijity. It Icciueth thcrctorc, the Generation by S^ermt only, 
and by Putrificiion, haiic two Different dJ-ifcs. The firftis, for char 
Cre.mtres which hanea Definite and Ex.iii shjpe, (as thofehaiic which 
arcprocieatcdbyC''^«//»<fi//j) cannot be produced by a irw/'t andc.i- 
piull ; Nor out oiMmer^ which is not exa^ly Prepared^accordins 
Ko the Species. The Second is, for chat there is a greater Time required 
for M.ituratiofi of PerfeSi Creatures-^ For if the Ti>»c required in rinifica- 
tion be of any Iength,then the Spirit wiW Exhale,beforc the Cre.:turehi: 
Matt(re:^\cc^t it be Enciofcd laapUce where it may luucCoitiautince 
of the^ Acccjje of fome Nourijhment to maincaine k^ and clofenejTe 
that may keepe it from £Ar/;j//V. And inch Places axe tbciytml'es^ and 
Matrices of the Fcmdes. And therefore all ures^ made of Putrifa- 
Bion^ are of more rncertJine Shape ; and are made in shorter Time- And 
need not fo Pcrfed an Enclof.tre^ thuug,h fome Clofcfteffe be commonly 
required. As for the Heat'oeit 0^/«/o«which was /hat vpon grear^X//^^- 
tions of the H/C-: l.{, Perf'H Creatures were firlt Engendrcd of Con:retipn ■ 
As well as Fro^f and Wornies^ and Flies ^ and (uch like, a; ^ now • Wee 
know it to be vaine. But if any fuch Thing lliould be admitted Difl 
coiirfing according ro Seyife^ it cannot be, except yon admit a 
C'/wvx firll, and Commixture of fieauen^ iud Earth, 
For the FrAme of the WurU^once in Or- y 

der, cannot effeft it by any 

Excejje or Cafuahj. \ 





7 ^ V;*^A:v^#^ Vt 

J^'jfO ,>J 

t>3^^^^: S^^C^^^^.>^ B^ i^'>(:^ ^ ^)^-J^^ 


H I S T O RTe. ■• < ■ 

■ ... : .1: 

X. Century. 

•-Ic fhilofiphie of Pyth.i<*or^, ( which 
was full of Super ftttwfj, ) din Krft 
plaiKaAfc/j/?;ww Imagination \ Which 
afterwards was, by tbe Schouie of 
P/7^0, and Ochcrs, Watered and Nau- 
riliicd. Ic was, that the World was 
^ One Entire^ Perfe6l, Ltuing Creature ; 
In (o much as Appolonius of Tjy^w.'Tj a 
Pythagorean Prophet, affirmed, that the Ebbing and Flowing 
otthe5<?4, vvasthc Refpiration of the rrt^r/i^, drawing in Z^^- 
f^ras Br*?^?/;, and putting ic forth againcj They wencon, and 
inferred; That if the World were a Liuing Creature^ ii had a 
5o«/(?, and Spirit ; Which alfo they held, calling it Spiritiu 
Mundi; The Spirit or 5oa/^ of ihcWorld : By Which they did 
not intend God i ( for they did admit of a Deity bcfidcs, } Bat 

I „ .. only 

to 1 thing the 



in Contort, 

ching TMof- 






!\atura(i Hijiorj: 

only the Soule^ or Ejfentiall Forme ohhcFniuerfe. This Foun- 
dation being laid,they mought build vpon iciwhac they would-, 
Forin a Liuing Creature ^ though neuer fo great, ( As for Exam- 
ple, in a great Whale, ) the Sen/e^ and the Affeiisoi an one ^art 
of the Bodyt inftancly make a Trm/curjion throwout the 
whole Bodj : So that by this they did infinuate, thatngDi- 
flance o[ Plaee,not Want ox Indifpojition o£ Matter, could hin- 
der Magical Operations ;But that, ( for Example, ) we mought 
here in Europe, hauc Senfe and Feeling oi thai, which was done 
iaChina: Andlikewifc, we mought worke any £^<?<f?, ypith- 
out, znAagainfl Matter X And this, notHoIpcn by ihtQoopira- 
t'ton' o{ Angels, ot Spirits, hwiovXyhy ihzVnity and Harmony 
oflSlature. There were fomc alfo, that ftaid not here j but 
went turiher, and held ; That if the Spirit q^ Man. ( whom 
they call the Microcofme, ) doc giue a fit touch to the Spirit of 
the World, by iltonglmaginations, and Bekefes, it might com- 
I mand Natiire -tY-or Paracel/ujy andlome datkciomc Authors of 
Magicke, doeafcribe lolmagination Exalted : the Power of Mi- 
racle-yporking Faith. With thcfe vart and Bottomlcfle Follies, 
Men hauebcene ( in part) entertained. 

But wc, that hold firme to the Workes of God ; And to the 
Senff,whichisGodsLampe; ( Lucerna Dei Spiraculum Homi- 
nit; ) will enquire with all Sobriety, and Seucritie, whether 
therebctobefound, in the Foot-Steps of Nature, any fuch 
Tranfmifiion and Influx of Immateriate Vertues , And what the i 
Force o\ Imagination is j Either vpon the Body Imaginant, or 
vpon another Body : Wherein it will be liketbat Labour ofH^r- 
cules, in Purging the Stahle of Augecu, to k^zvatc from Super- 
flitiow, and Magicall Arts, and Obferuations, any thing that is 
cleanc, and pure N<if«r<?//i And net to be either Contemned, 
or Condemned. And although wee fliall haue occafion to 
[peakeofthis in more places than OnCj yet wc will now make 
fome Entrance thereinto. 

MEwaretobe Admonifhcd, that they doe not withdraw Credit, 
from thcOperationsbyTranfmiJfton of Spirits, and Force oilntagma- 
tion, becaufe the EjfeBsfaile foinctmes. Yoi as in InftBion, and Contagion 
from Body to Body, (as the fUgue, and the like, ) it is nnoft ccrtaine,that 


(^enturj. X. 


the In/etlioH is nrcciucd (many times) by xh'c BsdiPjpit;^ but yet is by 
l\\QStnngth^ andgX)d Difpofttion thereof, Rcpiilfcd, and vvroiighi out^ 
before it bee formed inro a Difcafe-^ So much more in Imprefhrn from 
Minde to Mlndt\ or from spu-tt to Spirit ^ the Ituprcjsion takech, but is En- 
coiintrcd, andOiicrcofiie, by the Minde arrd Sfirtt^ which is ?ifi»e bc-^ 
fore it worke any manifelt EffeH. And therefore, they workc mo(l yp- 
onH^e.ikesMindes,andSptriis: As thofe ohromea-^ SickePfrfons\ Sub'er^ 
(iitioui, and FtarefuU Per fans \ Children^ and Tonng Creatures. 

N/fcio qitts tenerof Ocalta mthififcmjt A^nos : ' . 
The Poet fneakethnot of Shrepe, but oi Lambs, as for the Pfe.^knejjeoi 
the ftfwirof them, vpon Kings^ and Mfgijlntes.^ Itmay beaftribed (bc5-. 
fides thcmaine, uhicliis xhcPmiBtortoiCod, oner thofe that Execute 
his Place) to the Wf46ifj^i? o'i lh(^ Imixgination oi the /ma ffnattt: For it is 
hard for a fvitcf\ or a Sorcerer^ to put on a Bcleefe, that they can hurt 
fuch Pcrfons. 

•//ffwareto be Admonifhcd, on the other fide, that they doe not ea* 
(llyffiue Place and Credit to thci'c Operttiois^ bccaufe they Succeed mmtf 
limes -^ FoTtheC.?«/rof this Succejfe^ is (oit) to bee truly afcribedj vnto 
the C'orce of Affdiiont and Imagination, vpon the Body yfgent ; And then 
by a Secondary Meanes, it may worke vpcn a Diucn Body : As for Exam- 
ple ;, If a man carry a Planets Seale^ or a Rvjg^ or fome Partoia. Beajt,hc- 
Iccuing ftrongly, thatit will hcl[">c him toobtainc his Laue-^ Or to keepe 
him frcm danger of hurt in F/£^r. Or toprcuaile in a Suit-^ ^c. it raaV 
make him more Aciiite, and l/iduftrioM ; And Againe, more Co-ifident-^ 
and Pcrfi/liigy than othcrwifehc would be. Now the ^xeziEfftds t\vti 
may come of / W»/?7;y, and Perftuerance^ (efpccially, mCitHllB»f\»efft^ 
who knoweth nor ? For wee (oc Aitdacitte dorh almoil binde and mate 
(hctyeaker Sort oi Mmif ^ P^wdtht St. itc of Humane AHitns is fo varia- 
ble, that to try Things oft, and neuer to giue ouet, doth Wonders ; 
Therefore, it were a Meere Fallacie and LMiJlaking, to afcribe that to rh<» 
Po.ceoi Imuoiu.moa^ vpon another hody^ which is but the Force of Ima' 
gir.ation vpon the Proper Body : For there is no doubt, but that ImsginS' 
ne», undVchiment AffiBien^ wotkc greatly vpon the^^iji of the /w.if|*- 
nar.t : .As we Hiall (Lew in due place. 

Meit arc to be AdmomilKd, that as they are not to miftake the Caufes ' 
of thefe Operations -^ Somucb li-lll', they are tomiftaketheF4<f?, or £/■ 
/f3; And rallily to take that for done, wh'chis not done. And there- 
fore, as diuers wife Indies hauc frcfcrincd, and cautioned, ^fea may 
nortoo rallily belccucj the Ctnfefions of H'itches, nor yet the Emident^ 
againftthcm. For the H-'itches themfclues are Imaginatiite, and beleewe 
otttimes, they doc that, which they doe not: And People^re Credmlow 
in that ix)int, and ready to impute ^cf'icwf, iwd Naturall Operations ^ to 
Witch crjft. It is worths' the bbferuing, that both in Ancient, and Late 
times , (as in the T'H'fdun mtches, and the Meetings of Witches that I 
hauc bccne r-corc^ed by fo many late Con fef tons -, ) the great lyondm 
which they tell, of C.?r7«(r in thc^/r^ ; Transforming themfclues intoA 

X otherli 





V^aturali hijiorj : 





other B»dies-^ &c. arc ftill reported to be;ht, not by Incanutious^ 
or Ceremtnies^ But by Oinintmts ^ and Afioiuitno thcrnlclues all oiicr. 
This may iuftlymouca^4« tothinkc, thatthcfc F»bks arc the Effitls at' 
Imaginitton: For it is certainc that 0/«;»»fw;/ doe all, (if they be laid on 
any thing thicke) by Stop^ing»oi the Pores^ ("hut inihcV^ipeun ^ and lend 
them to the ^fi/ifi^ extremely. And for the Pardclar Ingrtdientt o^xhok 
M4^icallOmtme0tSi it is like they arc Opiate and Soppri/ir^ui. For Antim- 
ting of the Fore-Head, Necke, Feet, Back-Bone, we know is vfcd for Procu- 
ring De^^^iJ/f^w: And if any /l/4« (ay, that this EffeSi would bee better 
done by Inward Potions^ Anfwer may bee made, that the Medicines, 
which goc to the Oimments^ are fo ftrong, that if they were ykd Inwards, 
they would kill thofe that vfcthem: And therefore they workc Potent, 
ly, though Outwards. 

Wcc will diuidc the Seucrall Kindes of the Operations, by 
TranpniJ^ion o[ Spirits, and Imagination ; Which will giuc no 
fmall Light to the Experiments thac follow. All Operations by 
Tranfffjifion of Spirits, and Imagination Uzuc thisj That tbcy 
"Vorke at Difiance^ and not at Touch ; And they arc thcic be- 
ing dinguifticd. 

The firft is the TrMfmifion or Emifion, of the Thinner, and more 
Atrie PartsoiBediet j As in odours, and infeBions • And this is, of all the 
rcll, the moft Corz-tfrM//. But you mull remember withall, thac therebc 
aNumber of thole £»//-<'«/, both fvholefome, and rttwhole/ome, thatgiue 
no^wf/Iatall: Fotxhc Pidgue, many times, when it is taken, giuethoo] 
Seat it all: And there bemanyGwii and Healthfuil Aires, that doe ap- 
pearcby Habitation, and other Proofcs, that differ nor in 5wr// from o- 
thcr^/r«. And vndcr this Head, you may place all /Jw^/^/«flw/ of ^/rt, 
where tht Sub^aace is Materiall, Odour Jike. Whereof fome neuerthe- 
lefleare ftrange, and ,'very fuddenly ditfufed -, As the Alteration, which ■ 
the^/;'*receiuethiut/££;j'/'/, almo{timmediardy_,vponthc Rifi»g of the 
Riuero^ Niltu, whereotwehauefpoken. 

The Second isthe Tri^rftnifionox £w//f/tf« of thofe tA/wj;^; that we call 

afiritmJl species -^ As Vtfiblei and Sounds: The one wheic^^'wec haue 

I handled -, And the other we fhsll handle in due pl-^ce. Thefe mouc fwift- 

ly, and at great diftance -, But then they require a Medium well difpofcd, 

j And their Tran/mifion is eafily ftopped. 

The Third is the EmifSions, which canle AttraBion of Certaine Bodies 
SitDift^nce; Wherein though the Loadjionehe commonW placed in the 
Firft Rankc, yet wethinke good to except it^ andreferrc it to another 
Head: But the Dravchgof Amber, and let, arid other EleSiricke Bodies , 
And the AttraBion in Qoldohhe Sfirn oi Quick-Si fuer, ar diftance ; And 
the AttrnBionoi Heat at diftance- And thatofF/rc to Nifhiha-, And 
that of fome Herbs to jvMer, though at diftance ; And diuers others ; We 
ftiall handle, butyet not vndcr this prcfent Title, but vnder the Title of 
^«r<7£J/w in gencrall. 


Qentury, X. 

m 1 

The Fourrh is rhc Etnifion of Spirits , and Immitemte Ptwers and 
ycitaes^ in choic Things, which worke by the r/i/aerfiU Configuration , 
and SyrKji^thjf of the pvorld\ Not by Porm:s^ or Celeftidil I -j fluxes, (as is 
vainly MLiglit and receiucd,) but by the Prlm'Kiiie Nature Oi ALittcr, and 
the i'^e^j- oiThtngs. Of this kindc is, (as wc yet fuppofe, ) the Working of 
the Load-'Stoac, which is by Cortfent with the g/i;^^ of the f^r/^ ; Of this 
Kindc is the -^fot/otnoiGrMity, which is by Confe^t o{Dea/l Bodies with 
the Globeoi the Eath : Of this kinde is ibme Di/po/Uio»o^ Sadies to Rg- 
titiofi, and particularly from Ejfi tofvejl : Of which kinde wee concciuc 
the Af.iiae Blojt aud Refloat of the Sea is, which is by Confent of the Vni- 
tterfe^ as Pa:t of the Z)/"#r//ji/ Motion. Thefe Immjtcriate^ertues hauethis 
Property diliPcring from Others ^ That the Diccrfltjo^ the CMedium hin- 
dreththemnot; But they padc thorovvall/l/t'<»V««»/; yet at DMrmitsate. 
dijlances. And of thefc wc ihall fpcakc^ as they are incident to feue- 

The Fifth is the Emiflions of Spirits-^ And this is the Principall in our 
Intention to handle now in this Place : Namely, the Operatio.wi the Spi- 
rits of the .'.//»«: of Af..-;/, vpon other Spirits : And this is of a Double Na- 
ture : The oper.ittons of the yiff:ciicps, if rhey be vehement j And the 
Operairo.toi' the Imagin.itioit, if it bee Strong. But thefc two are i'oCou- 
plcd^as we fliall handle them together: For when an Enaitus, ovyimo- 
rem y.tipc^^ doth, infed the Spirits of Another, there is loyncd both 
^jfcFtien, and /fffJ([iiiatiott. 

The Sixth is, thelnliuxcs of the HeaucrJy Bodies^ bcfides thofctwo 
Man ife ft Ones, of^Mf, And Light. But thefe we will handle, where wc 
handle the CeleftiallBtdics, and MotioHi. 

The Seuenth is the Operations oi Sjmpathy j Which the ivriters of 
NaturaU Mjgicke haue brought into an ^rf or Precept: And it is this; 
That ifyoudefire to Super-induce, any f'cr/*^ or Difpofition^ vponafer- 
fan J you lliould take the £/«/;j^Cn'4/*/:^, in which that Vertue ismoft£- 
minent^ and in PerfeHion : Of that Creature you mult take the P^irts^ 
wherein that f^ertas chiefly is Cohcate: Againe, you mutl tak^ thofe 
Parts ^ inthcT/wj, and Acl^ when that Vertue is moll in Excrcife-^ And 
then you mull: apply it loih^n Part of //j/o,- wherein t\\i.t Veritte chiefly 
Ccaflfteih. As if you would Super-induce C<»«;-rf^ff and Fortitude, take a 
Lion, or a Cocke • And take the i/e-irt. Toothy or Fdr» of the Lion ; Or the 
f/eartj or Spurre of the Cocke: Take thole Parts immediately after the 
Lion, ortheC<7c/rhauebeeneinF;^/;;; And let them be worne, vpon a 
ALins Heart, or ivrcj}. Of thefc and fuch like Sympathies, we {hall (peakc 
vnder this prcfent T///f . 

The Eighth and laft is, an Emijiion oi ImmateriateVertiks-^ Such as 
we are a little doubtfiill to Propound ■ It is fo pnxligious : But that it 
is fo conftantly auouched by many: And yvpe haue ict it.downe, as a 
LawtoourSciues, to examine things to the Bottome-, And not torc- 
cciue vpon Credit, or reiedvpon Improbabilities, vntill there hath pa(^ 
(ed a due Exammation. This is, the Sympathy of Indiuiduals : For as 

X 1 there 






f 238 

!J\(aturaJi Hifiory: 

touching Ewi/^ 
fknoi Spirits 
in yaponTyOt 





thcte is iSym^athjfof'SpecifS'^ So (it may be) there is a Sympathy oflitdi- 
ui^dls: That is, tliat in T/?i»^j, or the Parts of Things^ tkit hane bccne 
once Contiguotti, oiEntire^ there fhould rcm&'incaTra»/mifieno{^f^£rtue, 
from the One to the Other: As betwcene the tvea^en and the wound. 
Whereupon is blazed abroad the operation oi VngMintum Teli: And fo 
6(aPeeceo(Lard^ oiStickeoi Elder ^ &c. that if fjrt of it be Con filmed 
orPutrified, it willworkevpon the other Part Stnered. Now wee will 
piirfue the Injlancei thcmfelucs. 

THe PUgueh many times taken, without Mittifefi Senfe , as hath bin 
faid. And they report, that where it is found, it bach a.Scnt, of the 
SmeUr\i ^ Mellow Apple '^ And (as fomefay) o^ May- Flowers : Anditis 
alfbrcceiued, that 5«»f/j of F/^w^r/, thizaxc -bellow and Lufh. out ^ areJH 
forthePZ-igsi?; Asfyhite LUlies,Cowllipf^ and ffyacinths. 

The Plague is not cafily recciucd by fiich, as continually are about 
them, that hauc the PUgue j As Keepers of the Sid'c, and Phyjit/ans j Nor 
againeby fuch as take Antidotes^ either Inward, (as Mithridate-^ Jartiper' 
Berries-^ Rue^ Lea fe find Seed^ iic.) Or outward, (as Angelic j^ Zedoary^ 
and the like, in the Maith j T-irre, Galhnum, and the like, in Perfume j) 
Noragaine by old People^ and fuch as are of a Dry and Cold Complexioo. 
On the other lide, the PLigue taketh fooncft hold of thofe that come 
out of" a Prelh Aire ; And of thofe that arc Bajiirfg • A nd of children j And 
it is likcvvife noted togoe in a Bloud, more than to a Stranger. 

The moft Pernicious InJeBion^ next the Pl'^gue, is the Smell of the 
UyU-^ When/'r//<'/2frjhauebeenc Long, andCIofe, and Naftily kept j 
Whereof we haue had, in our time. Experience, twice, or thrice ; when 
both the /««/^« that fate vpon the /^y(P, and Numbers of thofe that at- 
tended the Bufincflc, or were prefent, Sicknedy^on it, .".nd Died. There- 
fore it were good wifdome, thatinfixh Cafes, the /<?;/f were Aired, be- 
fore they be brought forth . 

Out of queltion, if fuch Foule Smels bee made by -^rt, and by the 
Hand, they confift chiefly of yl/<i«j Fle^^ ox Sweaty Putrtficd-^ For they 
are not thoCeStinkes, which the Nojibrils Steight abhorre, and expcll, 
that are moft Pernicious ^ But fuch Aires , as haue fome Similitude with 
Mdns Body\ And fo infinuatc themfelues, and betray the Spirits. There 
maybe great danger, in vfing fuch Compofitions in great Meetings of 
PeopIe,within Houfes ; As in churches ; At Arraignmenti j At Flayes and 
Solemnities-^ And the like; For Pot/onitjg oi Aire is no lefTe dangerous 
than Poiftnirtgoitvater-^ Which hath beene vfcd by the Turkes in the 
Warres j And was vfed by Emann^l Commentts towards the chriftians^ 
when they pafledthorowhis Ccuntrejioxht Holy Land. And thcfc Em- 
p$ifonmems of Aire, are the more dangerous in Meetings o^ People ; Be- 
caufcthe much Breath oi People, doth further the Reception of the Infe- 
Bisn : And therefore where any fuch Thing is feared, it were good, 
thofe ?»^//^*eP/4c« were perfumed, before the Ajfembli^s. 

The Empty formtnt of Particular ftrfons^ by odonrs, hath beene rCr 


Qenturj X. 



porrc J to be in Perfkmed Gloues, or the like : And it is like, thev Mitjojc 
tiic- Po':fo^ chat is deadly, wirh Ionic smeb that are Sweer, which a!(o 
makcch ic chei'ooiier rc:.eiiied. PLigues al(o haiie bcene railed bv Anoin- 
tings o\. fhe Chinkes of Dtores, and the like j Not fo much bv the Touch 
as tor that It is common for Mcn^ when they finde any thing Wet vpon 
their P iuii;ers, to put them to their Nofe ■ V\'hich Men therefore iTioiild 
take heed how they doe. Thebeftis, thatthele Compofittom oi l>iferti0U4 
Aires^ cannot bee made without Danger of Dcnth, to them that make 
them. But then againe,they may haue lome Amidotes to (auc themfelues ■ 
So that Men ougl'.t not tobe (ecure of it. 

There haue beene, in diners Ce»mritf^ great PLigue.', by the Putrif^- 
tViot^ of|>rcat Sw.irmesot' Grjjfe-Hojfers, and LecMJis^ when thev bane 
bceiie dead, and calt vpon Heaps. . .' . 

Ichapiiefhofc in Min?<^ that there are DAmps^ which kill; cither by 
Saffocitton, or by the Poiftitm NAtnrt of the Mineral: And thofe that 
dca!emuchinAVj?.'/,«5, or other Workcs about ^«4i/;, and (JUiner^tls^ 
haue their Brainet Hurtan J Stupefied by the MetjUine rapfrs. Amonwli 
which, ic is noted, that the 5/>ir/rj oi Quick- Si Uter^ cither flv tot\\cSl:ull^ 
Teeth ^ or Rones 'y In (o much as Gilders v(e to haue a Peece of Gold in 
ti^cir Maitih^ to draw the Spirits of the ^icksiUer -^ Which Gold af- 
terwaivis they hnJetobc Whitened, There areaUo certaine L'ikes and 
Pits J fuci]asrhitofy^/»r/-«««, that PoifcH Birds (as is (aid) which rivouer 
them, Or^/t'/ijthatrtaytoolongaboutthcni. 

1\\(tr.ip9»rofchAr-CoaUyOxSeA'C»ak^ in a Clofe Roo:ne, hath kil- 
led many : And it is the more dangerous, becaufc it commeth without 
any /// Smell j But ftealeth on by little and little ; Enducing only a Faitit- 
ncjj'cy withoutany MA»i/eJi Str Angling. When the Dutch- Men Wintred \ 
uNenaZembli^mdihax. they could gather no more Sticks, they fell to 
make Fire of fome Ses-Ctjle they had, wherewith (at firft) they were 
tmichrefrel'hed; But a little after they had fit about the F/>^, there grew 
! a Gcni.rall Silence, and lothneflfe to fpeake amongft them j And im- 
j mediately after. One pf the yyeakefi of the C0mpjtiyy fell downe in a 
I Sownc • Whereupon they doiibting what it was, opened their doore," 
^ to let in Aire^ and fo faucdthemlclues, Thef^flf (no doubt) is wrought 
by the hilp'nJjtioB of the Atire- And ib of the Br (At hand Spirits. The like 
endicthin Roomes newly Ph^tred, if aF;rf be made in them j Whereof 
no leffc M.i'i than the Emperonr louiniamu Died. 

f^idethd Experiment ^^o-^. touching the Infe^iou-s Nature of the Aire^ 
i vpoii the firlt showers^ after a long Drought. 

! It hath come to pafle, that fome Apothecdriei, vpon Stamping oiCt- 
\ hqtfintida, haue beene put intoa great i'^Mr/^/^, by the fj/?**/ only. 
I It hath bcene a Practice to Dumc a Pepper, they call G iaoy- Pepper- 
I Wiiich hath fnch a rtrong Spirit, that it prouoketh a Centinuall Sae4~ 
! s.rff!j, in thofe that are in the i'?«<«ii'. , 

i It is an Ancient TtAdition^ that Bltare-Ejes infe»ft ^eand-Eyes ; And 
'.ih:3X.xAfcnjl,ttoHt H^, looking vpon ACbJJe, doth rulht. Nay they 

X 3 haue 















^]\(jimraU Hijiorj: 


hauean Op'mion^ which feemeth F4A;</fl)!«* ; Ih^tMenJintous^yomcm^ go- 
ing oner a Pieli, or Gdrdei$y doe C^rw and //^cr^J good by Kiliim ;he 

The Tradition is no Icfle Amkut , that the Bafilukt killeth by ^- 
^^^ ; And that the fVfilfe^ if he fee a //j» firit, by Jl^tB ftriketh a M^in 

Per/»mts Conuenient doc dry and ftrengthcn the Braine . And ftay 
Rheumes and Defl»xifffs ; As we findc in Fitme of Rofe-Afary drycd, and 
Li^um Aloes ^ indCaUmttt, taken at the Mouth, znd Nojihrils -^ And no 
doubt there be other /*r^ww«, that doe moiftch and rcfrefh ^ x^ndare 
fit to be vfed in Burning Agaes^ CDnfumptiens, and too much fvake/ul- 
"JJ't Such as arc, Rofe-tyoter^ yinegar^Limoi$-fiU^ Violets, ihs Leauesoi 
Vims fprincklcd with a little Roje-wattr^ &Ci 

They doe vfc in Sndden Bmtings, and Swoumngs^ to put a Handker- 
chiefs wixh Rofe-water^ or a Listle Vinegar^ to the AV/r 5 Which gathe- 
rcth together againc the Spirits, which are vpon point torefolue, and 
fall away. 

Tolmteo comforteth the Sfiritt, and difchargeth wurmeJJ'e j Which 
itworketh partly by Opening j But chiefly hy the Opiate Vertue, which 
condenleth the Spirits. It were good therefore to try the Taking of 
Ftifftes by Pf^es, (as they doc in T^acco,) of other Things-^ As well to 
dry and comfort, as for other intentions. I wifliTriall be made of the 
Drying fnme,oiRofe-Mary,ixs\di Lignum Jloes,bc(ore mentioned, in Fipe-^ 
And fo oiNntmeg, and Folium Indum \ &c. 

The FoUovingoithc Plough^ hath beeneapproued, for refrcfhing the 
spirits^ and Pretnring Appetite: But to doe it in the Ploughing ioxivheat, 
oiRie^ isnot fogood^ Becaufe the Earthhaxh fpcnt her Swea Breath, 
in yegetai>les, put forth in 5»ii»»<?r. It is better therefore to doc it, when 
you fow BarUji. But becaufe Ploughing is tied to Sea/ens, it is beHrto 
take the Aire of the Earth, new turned vpj by Digging with the Spade j Or 
Standinghy him that Diggeth. Gentlewomen may doe themfelues much 
good by kneeling vpon a Cufhion, and weeding. And rhefe Things you 
mayprailifeinthebcft5^4/*Wj Which iseuerthe^-w/^S^r/wg, before 
the Earth putceth forth the VegetMes ; And in the Sweetejl Earth you 
can chufe. It would be done alfo, when the Dew is a little off the Ground^ 
left the Ti/'tfur be too Moift. I knew a great ^/4«j that liued Long, who 
had a Cleane cUdof Eanh, brought to hira euery Morning^ as be fare in 
his Bed -^ And he would hold his Head ouerit, a good pretty while. I 
Commend alfo, fomctimes, inDig^in^o( New Earth, to powrcin fome 
Malmefey, or Greeke trine-. That the yaponr of the Farth, andmae toge- 
ther, maycomfortthespimi, the more j Prouidedalwaies^ it be notta- 
kcn for a Heathen Sacrifice, or Libation to the Earth. 

Theyhaue, in Ph/ficke, \{eoi Pomanders, And Knots of Powders, for 
DryingoiRhenmes, Comforting; of the Heart, Pronokingof Sleepe,^c. For 
though thofc Things be not fo Strong as Perfnmes, yet you may hauc 
them continually in your Hdnd; whereas Per/nmes you can take but at 


Century, X, 

TimeS'^ And beiidcs, there be diuers Things^ that breath better ot ihem- 
fclues, than when they come to the Fire j As Nigdla Komana^ihe Setdof 
MiLmthium^ AmomMm^ &c. 

There be two T^//«^j,which(inwardly vfed)doe Coolc and condenfc 
the5p;m/j And I wiih the fame to be tried outwardly in Vapours. The 
one is N'ltre^ which I would haue dilTolued in Malmefey, or Creeke-mne^ 
anc'. fo the Smell of the mne taken . or if you wauld haue it more torci- 
blc-,pourc of it vpon a Fire-pan^wcli heatcd,as they doe Rofe-rv.ner, and 
rinegar. The other is, the DifiilUd frater oimlde Poppy ; which I wiHi 
to be mingled, at halfe, with Rofe fratety and (6 taken with (omc Mix- 
ture of a few clones^ in HFerfaming-Pan, The like would be done with 
the Dijlilled WJter of Saffron Flowers. 

Smells o^ Mufke^ and Amber ^ andciuity are thought to furtherf^fwf- 
rcous Appetite: Which they may doe by xhc Refreflmgand Cdlingforth 
ol the Spirits, 

Inanfeyind Ntderous Smellsy({ud\ as were o( Sacrifices,) were thought 
to Intoxicate the fir^/w, and to dilpole^cw to Df«o«««: Which they 
may doe, by a kindc of Stdneffey and Comriftatien of the Spirits : And 
partIynliobyf/fJt/«^, and £A*4fc/«g them, Wcfee that amongftthe 
Iewes,\\\e PrincipM Perfumeohhe Sa/iBuaryj'WAS forbidden all Common 

Tlicrcbe fome ?frf«»zf /, predribed by Csxcivriters o^NaturallJAa- 
gickc, which procure Pleafint Dreames-^ And fome others, (as they 
"(jy,) that procure Prophtticall Dreamcsy As the Seeds oi Flax, Flea- 

It is certaine that 0</(?«f/ doe,in a fmall Degree, Nouriflij Efpecial- 
ly riie odour of fKmc; And we ice men a hungred,doe loue to Imell rfot 
Bread. It is related, that Democritudy when he lay a dying, heard a wo- 
man^ in the Houle, complaine, that l"he ftiould be kept from being at a 
Feajly and Solemnity y (which l"he much defired to fee,) becaufc there 
would be a Corps in the Houfc • Whereupon he caufed L oaues oiNew 
Bread to be fent for, and opened them, And powred a litle wine into 
them; And fo kept himfelfc aliue with the Odour of them, till the Feafi 
waspaft. i knew a Cjf«t/fwj«, thatwouldfaft (fometimes) threeor 
fouro,yea fiue daycs,without MeatyBready oxDrinke-, But the fame Man 
vfcdtohaue continually, a great trifle o^ Herbs y that hefmellcdon : 
andamongli: thofe Herbs y fome F.fculent Herbs of ftrong Sent • As Oni- 
ons. GarlickeyLeeirSy and the like. 

They do-' vfe^ for the Accident of the Mother, to burne Feathers, and 
other Things of ill Odour: And by thofe ill Smells, the Rifi»g of the Mo- 
ther is put downc. 

There be Aires, which the phyfiiians aduife their pjttents to rcmoue 
vnto,in ConfumptionSy or vpon Recouery of Lonj^ sicknejjes : which(com- 
monly)are plaine champaignesybat Grafing, and not Ouer-growne with 
HealthyOr the Iike:Or elfc Timber-Shades ^% in ForreJiSyiad the like.It is 
noted alfo, that Groueso^Bayes doe forbid PeftiUnt Aires : Which was 












Solitary tou- 
ching the £- 
rmffiom ofSfi' 
ricuall Species 
which AfeU 
ttit Senfcs. 


U\(aturAU tdifiory: 

in Confort, 
touching the 
tua fcotn the 
Minder, and 
cither by Affe- 

by other X'n- 

accoiinccd a great Caufe of the VVholcfome yfire o( ^ntiochia.lhtrc be 
alfo fome ^oy/a that put forth Odorate Herbs ofthemlclues ^ As kyilde 
Thy/m-^mldeMajoram-^Penny-RoialU^ CamomiU-^l\.tid'mvrh{ch. the Brtar- 
Rops Imell almoft like Muske-Rofes-^ Which (no doubt) are Signes that 
doe difcouer an Excellent Aire. 

It were good for Alfrtj to thinkcof hauing/rfa/f^«//^/rf,inthcir 
//o«/e^;-, Which will neuer be, if the Roomes be LowroefedyOx full oirvin- 
dowesy and Doores j Fortheonemakeththe^/>f c/o/^, and not iFrc/fcj 
And the other maketh it Exceeding ^wf^wd/Zj Which is a great Enemy 
to /Jcjlth.The mttdowes alfo fliould not be high vp to the ^oo/e,(which 
is in v(e for Beautie, and Magnificence,) but low. Alfo Stone-ff'alls are 
nor wholefomcj But Timber is more wholefome-, And cfpcciallyiwh 
Nay it hath becneyfedby fome, with great Succefle, to make their 
lyalls thicke •, And to put a Lay of Chalke betweene the Brickes^ to take 
away all Dampfh»eJ[e. 

THe(e Emifions^ (is we faid before,) are handled, and ought to be 
handled, by themfelueSjVndcr their Proper Titles: That h^Fijibles^ 
and Aubibles^ each a-part •• In this placc,it fhail fufficc to giue fome ge- 
neral! Obferuiitions^ Commun to both. Firft, they feeme tobe lacorpo. 
reall. Secondly, they Worke Swiftly. Thirdly, they Workc at Lar^e 
Di fiances. Fourthly j in Curious Varieties. Fifthly, they are not E^eBiue 
ofany Thing-^oi leauc no ivorlie behinde them^But are Energies meerc- 
ly J Fo! their Working vpon Mirrours, and places of£f^^e,doth not alter 
any Thing in thofe Bodies-^ But it is the fame ABi$n with the Originally 
only Repercujfed. And as for the Shaking ofmndowes, or Rarefying the 
Aireby Great Noyfes^And the Hwtcaufcd by Burning-Glajfes{lhey are 
rather Concomitants of the Audible ^ind Viftble Species ^thiti the E^eBs of 
them. Sixthly, they feeme to be of fo Tender, and fveake a Nature ^ as 
they affe«a onely fuch a Rare, and Attenuate Subjlanccj as is the Spirit 
oiLiuing Creatures. >:^ 


IT is mentioned in fome Stories, 'Cmx where Children haue beenc £x- 
pofed, or taken away young from their Barents 5 And that afterwards 
they haue approached to their Parents prefence, the Parents, (though 
they haue not knowne them,)haue had a Secret loy, or Other Alteration 

There was an t^E^yptian South-Sayer, that made ^wio«m belccue, 
that his (7e«m, (which othcrwife was if rtf«c, and Confident^) was, in 
the F'refencc ofOBauianus C<efar, Poere, and Cowardly : And therefore, 
he aduifcd him, to abfcnt himfelfe, (as much as hee could,) and re- 
moue farrefrom him. This South-Sayer was thought to bee fuborncd 
by Cleopatra, to make him liuc in tAigypt, and other Remote Places from 
Rime. Howfoeuerthe Qonctitoi a Predominant or Mafiering Spirit, 
of one Man ouer Another, is Ancient, and Receiucd ftill, cuen in Vul- 
gar Opinion. 
\ There 

Qenturj, X. 

There are Conceits, that fume ^/r;?,that are of an Ill^zz\di Melancholy 
Niiture^ doe incline the Comp-viy ^xnio which they come, ro bee 5rf^,and 
lUdiJpofed jjAnd contrarivvile, chat Others, that are of a louiM Mature^ 
doe diipole the Cowpany to he Merry and Cheerefnll. And againe, that 
(omeMeniLxe Luckie to be kept Company withjand Ewployed-ADd Others j 
f^nlmkie. Certainly , it is agreeable to Reafon^ihsi there are^at the leall^ 
fome Li^n Effluxions ixovn Spirit to Spirit^ when Men ace in Prefince^ 
one with another, as well as irom Body to Body. 

IthathbceneobferLied, that old Men, who hiiie loued Toung Compa- 
ny ^ and beene Conucrfant continually with them, haue bccne oiLom' ' 
L//J? jTheir Spirits, ( as it Icemeth,) being Recreated by fuch Company. 
Such were the Ancient SophiJis,and Rhctoricians-jW/hich euer had foung 
Auditors, and Dijiiphs ; As Gorgias, Protagoras, Ifocrates, &:c. Who li- 
ned till they were an Hundred yearcs Qld. And fo likewile did many of 
the Grammarians, and Schoole-Maflers -, iiich as was Orlfilim,ScC. 

Audaritie AV.d Confidence dorh, in Ciuill Bullncfle, fo great Ef- 
fc(^s, as a Man may ( rcafonablyj doubt , thatbcfides the very Da- 
ring, and Earncihicffe, and Pcrllfling and Importunitie, .there ihould be 
fbme Secret Binding, and Stooping of other Mens Spirits, to fuch 
Per fans. . 

The AjfcBions,( no doubt ) dee make the spirits more Poiverfull,and 
AHiue-^And cfpccially thofe AjfeRions, which draw the Spirits, into the 
Eyes : Which arc two:^,o»f,and Entiy, which is called Ocultis Malus: As 
for Z,o«f^thc platonifls, (fome of them,) goe lb farre, as to hoU chat the 
Spirit oi the Louer, doth paffeinto the Spirits, of the Pcrfun Loaed • 
Which caufcth the dcfirc ofReturne into thcSo(;/j',whcnce it was E>nit- 
ted : Whereupon foUowcth that Appetite of ContaB, and ConiunBion, 
which is in Loners. And this is obfcrued likcwifc, that the AfpeBs that 
procure Loue, arc not Gazings, but Sudden Glances, and Dartings of the 
Eye. As for Enuy, that cmitteth fome Maligne and Poifonow Spirit, 
which taketh hold of the Spirit of Another; And is likewile of grcateft 
Forcc,when the Caft of the Eyeis Oblique.h. hath beene noted alfo,that 
it is moft Dangerous, when an Enmoiu Eye is caft vpon Perfons in Glory, 
and Triumph, and loy. The Rcafon whereof is,for thar,3t fuch timcs,the 
Spirits come forth moft,into theOutwardParts, and iomcct the Percuf- 
fion of the Enuiouf Eye, moxe at Hand : And therefore it hath beene no- 
ted, that after great Triumphs, Men haue beene ill difpofcd, for fome 
Dayes following. Wee fee the Opinion o( Fafcination is Ancient, for 1 
both E^eBs : OrProcuring Loue -, And sickncJJ'ecauCsd by Enuy : And 
Fafcination is eucr by the EyeXtut yet if there be any fuch infeBion from 
Spirit to Spirit, there is no doubt, but that it worketh by Frefence,znd 
not by the Eye alone ; Yet moft forcibly by the Eye. 

Feare, and shame, are likewifc I nfcBiue-, for wee fee that the 5W^- 
ting of one will make another ready to Start : And when one Man 
is out o( CoitMtenance in a Company, others doc likcwifc 5/«/& in his be- 

Now I 





I I ■* ■ 

I H4- 

5^tura!I Bifiory: 

Now we willfpcakeof the Force ot Imagination vpon o- 
ihcr Bodies j And of :he Meanes lo Exdt and S'r.iengthcn it. 
Imagination^ in this Place, I vndcrftand to be, the Reprefenta- 
tionofanlndiuiduall Thought. Imagination is of three Kinds : 
ThcFirik loyned mih Beleefi of that which is to 'Corns : The 
Second /^«^<^ with A/fWorj? of that which is PaU : And the 
ThirdisofT/j/wfjP/'^y^ffJ, or as if they vvcic Prefent i For I 
comprehend in this, Imaginations Faigned, and ^iPkafure ; 
Asifone(liould/»^<7^w^rucha Manio be in iheFefimeritsoi 
a 'P0j>^ J Or to haue Wings. I fingleour, for this time, that 
which is with Faith, otBeleefeoi that which is to Come. The 
Inqui^tion of this SubieB, in our way, ( which is by hdu6ii- 
(?». j is wonderful! hard j for the Things that are rcporred^arc 
Full o^ Fables; And Ne-^ Experiments czn hardly be madc,but 
wirh Extreme Caution, for the Real on which we will hereafter 

The Power of Imagination is in three Kindcs , 7 he Firft,vp- 
on the Body of the Imaginant ; Including iikcwife the Childe 
inthc Mothers Wombe \ The Second is, ilic Power of it vpon 
Dead Bodies, as Plants^ Wood, S tone yMetall. &c. The Third is, 
the Power of it, vpon the Spirits of Men and Lining Creatures: 
And with this laft wc will only meddle. 

The Problems therefore is, whether a Man Conftantlj and 
5/ro»^/)'5^//?^«i«^,i:hatfuchari&/»^fliall bcj As that fuch an 
Qne will Loue Him ; Or that fuch an One will Grant him his R^- 
quefli Ot that fuch an One (hall Recouer a Sickeneffe ; Or the 
like ; } It doth hclpeany thing to the Effe6iing of the Thing it 
felfe. And here againe wecmuft warily diftinguifh ; For it is 
not meant, (as hath bcenepartlyfaidbefore, }that itlhould 
heipe by Making sl Man more Stout , or more Induflrioiu j ( In 
which kinde a Qmjiant Beleefe doi\i much ; } But meerely by 
a Secret Operation, oi Binding, ot Changing the Spirit o^ Ano- 
ther ; Andin this it is hard, ( as wc began to fay, ) to make any 
New Experiment i For I cannot command my Selfe to Beleeue 
what I will, and fb no Triall can be made. Nay it is worfci 
For whatiocuer a Man Imagineth doubttngly, or with Feare, 
muft needs doe hurt, if Imagination haue any Power at all j 


I Qenturj, X. 

ForaM^wrcprdcnrcduhar ofmcr, thac he fcarcch, than the 

The Hcipe theicforc is, for a Man to workc by AnotbeTy in 
whom hcc may Create Bdeefe, and not by Himfelfe j Vutill 
Emfslfe haue found by Experience, that Imagination doih 
prcuailc; For then £A,;/)5r/V«f^ workethin Himjelfe BeUefe \ If 
the Beieefe, that fuch a r/;/»^ (hall be, be ioyncd with a Belee/e, 
that his /wM^/»^r/(7« may procure it. 

For Example • I related one time to a, that was Curious, and 
Vainc enough in the fc Things; Thut I fujva Kinde of logkr, thathada 
Paire of Cards j jnd tveuU tell a Man wlut Card he thoujrht. This Preten- 
ded Learned Man rold me j It was a Miftaking in Me j For (faidhe ) if 
mts not the KnowicJ j^j of the Mans Thought,(/ir that is proper to God,) 
hut it was the Inforciu;; efa Thought vpon him, W Binding his Imagi- 
nation by a Stronger, //.w he co^>ld fhinke no other Card. And thereup- 
on he asked me a Q^cjlion^ox two,which I thought he did but cunning- 
ly ,knowing before what vRd to be the Feats of the lugkr.Sir, (faidhe,) 
doe you remember ivh.therhctoldthe CiTd,the Man thought, HitnCcKe^ or 

J hde Another to tell it. I anfwercd ( as was true j ) That he bade Another 

' tellit. Whercunto he (aid • So J thou^^t: For (faidhe ) Himfelfe could not 
haiteput enfojirong ./;;Imagination;B«^ by telling the other tbeCird,(who 
beleeued that the lug\cr was fomc Strange Man, and could doe Strange 
Things,) that other Man ca»^t a flrom^ Imagination. 1 harkened vnto 
him,thinking for aVanity he fpoke pfetrily.Thenhea'^ked me another 
^efHon: Saith he. Doe you remember whether he bade the Man thinke the 
Cirdfirjl,a.idjfterwards toldthe otherMAtiin hifEare, what hee fhould 
thinke. Or elfe that he did whijperfirft in the Mans Rare, that fhould tell the 
Card, tellifigthatfucha hlan (Ijouldthinkeftcha Card, and after bade the 
Man thi>dea Car J ? I told him, as was true j That he didfrjl whifper the 
Man in the Eare^th.itfuch a M.mflyould thinke fuch a Card-, Vpon this the 
Learned Man did much Exult, and Pleafe himfelfe, faying -, Loe, you 
may fee that wy;Opinion is righf.For iftheMitx had thought jirji, hiiThoiight 
had beenc Fix?d-^ B at t •'(.■ other I magin ing J?r/?,^o»W his Thought.Which 
though ic did fo.Tievvhat finke with mee, yet I made Lighter than I 
thought, a:i(.l (aid , Ithnugln it wis Confcderacic, betweene the lugler, 
and the two Se niants : Thaugh ( Indeed ) I had no Reafon fo to thinke; 
For they were bovh my f ^t/;f r/Scruants j And he had neuer plaid in the 
Houfc before. The /HglenUo did cauica Garter to be held vp j And 
tooke vpon him^ to know,that fuch a One,(hoiM point iQ fuch a Plac^, 
of the Garter I As ic ihould be neare fo many Inches to the Longer End, 

: and f*) many to the shorter -, And ftill he did it, by Firjl Telling the Ima- 

\giner, and after Bidding the ASor Thinke. 

iHauing told this Relation, not for the Weight ihcreof, but 
! because 






S\(aturaU Hifiory: 


bccaufc it cfbth handfomely open chc Nature oi the §)ueflion ; 
I rcturne to that I faid j That Experiments of Imagination, muft 
bcpradifcdbyOchcrSjand notbyaM^«j Sclfc. For there be 
ThxccMeanesio fortifie Beleefe : thcFirft is Experience : The 
Second is i?(?<«/b«; And the Third ij. ^«;W/>y / And that of 
thcfcjwhichisfarrcihe moft Potent, is Miboritie:'^o: Beleefe 
vpon Reafon or Experience will Stagger. 

For Authority^ it is of two Kindcs : Beleefe in an Art j And Beleefe in 

a 2Vt7«. And for Things of Beleefe'm i>.n Art \ A man may excrcifc them 

by Himfelfe ; But for Beleefe in a Mm^it mull be by Another. Therefore, 

ifaiVl(7Mbeleeuein^y?ro/i)^/e, andfinde a Figure Piofjcrous j Orbc- 

leeuc in ^aturall Miigiche, that a Ring with luch a Stone ^ or fuch a 

PeeceoisiLiuingCteeture^ Carried, will doc good ; It may helpe his 

Tmmnmon : Butthe Beleefe'm a /t/.7« is farre the more AFtiucJBut how- 

focuerall.rf«tW/t);muftbe outofa ^^w^eZ/f, turned (as was faid,) 

cither vpon an Art, or vpon a Man : And where Authority is frum one 

Man to another, there the Second muft be Ignorant^ andnot Lcamed^ox 

Fitllo^Thoughts-^And fuchare (for the moft part) all ff^itchis^and Super- 

fiitioui Perfons-'WhoCeBeleef its ^licdto their Tedchars ^sind Traditions ar^ 

no whit controlled, either by Re^foft or Experience : .-■ nd vpon the fame 

Reafon, itiMagicke, they;yfe(f<>rthe moft part,)5ojtj,and Your.gPeeple-j 

whofe 5pwVjeafiIieft take Jr/ft/f and Imagination. 

, Now to fortifie Imagination^ there be three Waycs : The 

Authority whence the Delee/e is dcriucd j Meanes to §}uicken 

and CorrQlforate the Imagination i And Meanei, to Repeat ic^and 


VoT the J/tthoritiey weehaue already fpoken j As for the Second j 
' Namely the Meanes lo^^cken^znd Corroborate thelmagination^^V^c fee 
what hath beene vfed in yl/.;gzJ-j (If there be in thofePraiflilcs any thing 
that is purely Naturall j) A.'^FeJtments j CharaBers ; Words-^Seales-^Somc 
Parts ofPlantSy or Limngtreatures-^Stoncs-^Choice of the Houre-^ Gejiures 
and Motions j AlCo I nee nfes^ and Odours-^ Choice of 5er/>f)', which increa- 
^xhlma^inatioti^ Diets AV^d Preparatiom for (omc time before. And for 
words itht.xQ haue becne euer vied, either Barbarotif ivords^oh^o Senfe, 
left they (hould difturbe the Imagmation -, Or words of Similitude, that 
may fecondand feed the IfKngination: Av.d this was euer as well in Hea- 
the^ Charmesy as in Charmes e/lattcr Timcs.There are vfed alio Scripture 
words- For that the Beleefe^ihat Religions Texts, and words J^al■lc Power, 
'Ijiay ftrcngthen the Imagination. And for the fame Reafon, Hebrew 
Wqr^s, (which amongft vs is counted the Holy Tongue^ and the Words 
m6reMyjlicall,)aic:oi\er)v{'cd. .. _ 

For the Refrejbing of the /»w^/«Jt/o«, (which was the Third Meanes 
oiExdpingiX. j ) WcefeethePradifes oiMaiicke^as in Images oiWax 
-\u^ ?£^ 

Century, OC. 



I and the )ikc,thar lliouid Melt by little,and liftlcjOr fbiiie ozhcrThinps 
' Buried in Much, that ftiou'd Putrific by little and little ; Or the like ;• j 
j For lb oft as the hnaginant doth thinkc of thofe Things, lb oft doth he 
renrcfcnt to his ImJginatio»,the E^cti otthat hedelircth. 

If there be any Power in ImJvmarion,h is lelTe credible,that ic fnould 
I be I'o Incorporeall itid ImJteri^te 3i rertue^is rework at great Dt (lancet-^ 
' Or through all Mediums-^O: upon all Bodies.Bvz that the DiJla/icemuA. 
' be CompetentjThe Medium not Aduerfc; And the Body Apt and Pro- 
j porrionate. Therefore if there be any Operation vpon Bodies, in Ab- 
IcncCjby Naturc^it is like to be conueycd from Aian to Man,9s Fame is- 
Asifa W<>f/;by/w75/«jf/o«,flioiildhurt any afarrc off , it cannot bee 
naturally, butby Working vpon the spirit of fome, that commeth to 
the Witch -, And from that P^rty vpon the Imuginationoi Another; And 
To vpon Another ; till it come to one that hath rcfort tothe P,my Inten- 
ded . And lb by Him to the party intended himfelfe. And although they 
fpcake, that it futhceth,to take a Point,oxz Peeeeo^Khc Ctrment.or the 
Nu/nc ot the P./rry , or the like j yet there is Icfle Credit to be giucn to 
thofe ThingSjCxcept it be by Working of euill Spirits. 

The Experiments , which may certainly dcmonftrarc the 
Ponder oi Imagination, vpon o\i\\zv Bodies, arc few, or none t 
^otihc Experiments oi Witchcraft, arc no clcarc Proofcs ,• 
ForthJtlhcy maybcc, byaTaciic Operation o( MaligneSpi - 
mx:WcfhalI therefore be forced, in this Enquirie, to rc/ortto 
New Experiments : Wherein wee can giuc only Directions o^ 
Trials i and not any Tojitiue- Experiments. And if zny Man 
thinke, that we ought £o hauc UnzA, till Wc had made Ex- 
periment, o{ fome of ihcm our fclucs ( as wee doc com- 
monly in other r///(?j) the Truth is, that ihtlcEffeSls of Ima- 
gination vpon other Bodies, haucfo little Credit with vs, as vyc 
thjll try thcmatlcifure : But in the mcancTimc, we will lead 
othciS the way. 

When you vvorke by the Im^gin^nion of Another, it is neccfTaryjthat 
Hcc, by whom you workc, hauea/'rfff^fw0^7«;o«of you,that you 
can doii'ir range Things, Or that you are a Mjn6^Ari,as they cal! it • 
Fv)rcire the Simple Ajftrm.ition to Another, that this or that lliall be, 
can workc Uit a weake Imprejiion in his ImjginJtion, 

It were good, bccaufc you cannot dilccrhc fully of ihe Strength oi 
lm.)gi>mio'i^\vi one Man more than another,th3t you did vfe the ima^i- 
n.nio'!d^moTc than One-^ That foyou may light vpon aStrong One. As lliould tell Three, orFoure, of his Pi^itients Seruams, tijat 
their /T/j/?fr lliall fureiy rccouer. 

The/wj^/'/w^/ciofOKf, thatyou fhallvfe, ( ftch is the Variety of 
Mens Mindcs, ) cannot be alwaies alijtc ConJlant,aDd Strong-, And it the 

Y SuccelTc 











^turall Hifory: 

Succefle follow not rpecdily,it will faint and icefc Strength. To rcraecfy 
this jVPU mult pretend to Hitn,whoie Imagination you We^cucrail oi- 
gnesoiMtanes^ by which to Operate ^ As to him^ ihi: cuerV 
three Daies, it he finde not the Succ< fTe Apparant,hc Joe%le auochc-r j 
foat,or FartOiUBeaJlynRtne., &c. Aibcingof morez-Vff-.Andiftiiai 
iaiie, Aaotherj And itihat, AnotlTcrjrill Scucn Times. Auo you mult 
prelLnbeagood Large Time tor iha Ejf'tByou promife . As if you 
thould idVASeruantoi ASick-mun^ that his Majler i\idi\\ iccoucr but it 
will be Fourtcene daiesjcre hee Hiideih it apparantly, &c. Ail this to 
cnrcrtaine the JmJgifutm^th&t it wauer lefle. 

It iscertaine, that pctionSy or Things i,.kcn intotbf BoJty.incenfcs and 
fttf-4mts taken at the Nojlhrils ^ Ai)d Ointments ot lome Parts • -doe 
Cnaturally)worke vpon the Jmagimtiono\ Him that tal.cth them'. And 
therefore it muft n cds greatly Cooper attwiih. the Jmiigination of him, 
whom you vfe,if you prcicribehmi^betore hedoe vfe the Receit.'iox ihl 
fvorie ■wh\i.\i he dcTireth, that hec doth tale fuch a 7'i//,or a sj'OOfifulloi 
Liquor j Or burnc fuch an Incenfe • Or Anoint his Terrphs^ or the seles 
of his Feet^ with fuch an Ointment^or Oyk:f^nd you muft chufe tor the 
CompoJitiono(iuchPill,Perfumey or Ointment ^iudihigreditms^ as doe' 
make the spirits^ a little more Grejjc^ or A<litddj : Whereby the Im.m- 
tion will fix the better. *'^ " ^ 

The Body Fafsiue, and to be motfght^rpon^ ( I meane nor of the Ima- 
ginam^yis better wrought vpon (iwh^th beene partly touched) at Ibme 
Tims, ihan at others; As ifyoii Hioiitid prelcribe a Siruant^ about a sick 
Perfin ( whom you haue pofTefleJjthat his Afjpr fhall rccoucr ) when 
his M.ifter is fall a fleepe,to vfe Cuch a R6ot, or fuch a Root.¥ot Im-r-na- 
tioH is like to worke better vpon Sleeping ^f «,thah JUfen Awke, As we 
fh^ll fhcw when we handle Dreawcs,. , r : . 

We fiodc in the Art of Meff^fy^fth^t JmagesVifMe, workcbctcer 
I. han other Conceits: As if you would remember the Word Philosophy ^ 
you-ftuUmore furely do it^by /w^7^/«/Hgthat fucha Mjn^(Vo': Memrc 
hufiPUees) is reading vpon Arijhtles Phyjlckes -^ Than it you Jhould 
Imagine him to fay j flegoefiudy Philofophy, And therefore, this ohfer- 
uation would be tranflated to the SuhieH wee now (pcake of ; For the 
more Luflrous the Imagntation is, it fillcth and tixeth the better. And 
therefore I conceiue, that you ("hall, in that Experiment ( whereof wee. 
fpakebefore)of5/«(^«5ofr/;o«g/7^/,lcirefaile, if you tel! Oac,iit«t fuch 
an One fhal name one of Twenty fAtn^ than if it were One of Twcmy 
Cards. The Experiment of Binding oi thoitghtSyWOvld be Diuerfificd^and 
tried to the Full : And you afcto note, whether it hi: forthemoft 
part,thoughnotalwaics. -f.r'Tf 'o- l.>e, •xi: 

•^tisgoodto confider, vpon what T^/w^f, Imagination haih moft 
Force :. And the Rule ( as I conceiue ) is, that it hath mod Force vpon , 
Things y that haue the Lightefi^and Eajieji Motions. hnd therefore abouc : 
a]I,yponthe5j;in>jof^e»; And in theni, vpou fuch Ajflciiois^a% 
i3^^(^ighte^^M\!^aafrocuringoiLeiteyIii»dijig of Luji^ which is 

Century, X. 

\eucr vflth t mugin.ition -^ vpon Af en in Fare ^ Ox Afeniw Inefotutioit- And 

.' the like. Whadbeiier is or" this kiiide would be throughly enquired. Tri- 

alls likowife would be made vpon PUnts, and that dihgcntly ; As if yoii 

fhould teil a Man^ that fuch a Tree would Die this ycme j And will him 

(at thcfe and theie times^ togoc vntoit, tofeehowitthriucth. As for 

I inAnmaie Things jit is true, that the Motions oiShuffling oiCards,<x Cafiinv 

lot' Dice^ are very Light Motions i And there is a FoUj very vfuall, that 

iGj««y?^rj imagine, that fomc that l^and by them, bring thenJ ill Luckc. 

( Tfaere would be Triall alio made, of holding a Ring by a Tbreed in a 

) GUjJe^ and telling him thatholdethit, before, that it lliallilrike fo many 

[timesagainlhhe 5«Vtfof the<j/<i^(Pj and no more- Or of Holding a iTf^ 

I bctwcene two Meas eitgers^ without a Charme j And to tell thofc that 

I hold ir, thif at fuch a Namcy it iTiall goc off their Pingcts : For thefe two 

[arc Extreme Light Afotioas. And howfocuerlhaucno Opimen of tbefc 

; things, yet fo much I conceiue to be true; That5;r<w^ Inugi^atiorthith 

more Force vpon T/)W^fL/«/»^-; Orthathaue becncLr«/«^, thmThitigs 

, mecrely Immmate ; And more Force likewife vpon Li^tj and SahtiU 

Afotio;ij^ than vpon Motions Vehement^ or Foiderom. 

It is an vfuall Obferuttion, that if the W^of One A/itrthcred, bee 
brought before the -A/»rx/^^/"fr, the ;Ktf««<// will bleed a-frcfh. Some doc 
affirmc, that the Dead Body, ypon thcPrcltnce of the MMrthereVy hath 
opened the £;«• Andrhxt there haup beene fuch like /»/«/«(>/, as well 
where the PAxty x^^urthered\^^l\\ bccnc Strari^lcd, or Drowned^ as where 
: they luuc beene Killed hy'P'oufids. It may be, that thi> participatcth of 
a MtradCy bv Gods lull Judgement, who vfually bringeth A-furthtrs to 
i Light : but if it be Naur. ill, it mult be referred to Imiointtita. 
I The Tying of the Point vpon the day of A-farri^ge, to make Men Impo- 
tent towards their ii'iues^ whirh (as wc hauc formerly touched,) is (b 
frequent in Z'4»f and Gjfcony, ii itbcNatttnll^ muft bee referred to the 
Jm.}gin.iiien of flini that Tieth the Point. I conceiue it to haue the leflc 
-Affinity with mtcbcrdfty bccaufe not Peculiar Per(ons onely, (fuch as 
fr;wi5r« are) but any if^i^ may doe it. 

THcre be manv Things that workc vpon the ^f^irlts of //j», by Secret 
Sjmpithiy and Antipathy : The Vertaes of Preciom Stones, worne, 
hauebcene anciently and generally Rccciucd ; Andcuriouflyafilignedro 
workc feu^rall EffeBx. So much is true ; That stones haue in them fine 
Spirits ; As appearcth by their Splendor : And therefore they may worke 
by Corifent vpon the Spirits of Men, to Comfort, and Exhilarate thenf. 
Thofethatar<? the beft, for that fj^i-ff, are the Diamond, the Emerald, the 
LicinthOriet.tjll, and the Gold-Stone, which'vithcTellowTopas.e. As for 
their particular Pnfrieties, there is no Credit to begiuento<hcm. But 
it is nianifcft, that Light, aboucall things, cxcclleth in Cow/orting the Spi- 
rits of Men : And it is very probable, that Light r.irieddoth the fame e£- j 
feH, with more Noueltj. Ar|d this is one of the C tufts, wh\' freciotk 
\St«nes coinfopc. And therefore it were good to haue Tinned Lanthotnes, 
I . Y2 or 




in Conforc, 
touching the 
Sartt y^crtMt of 




3^turaU Hiftorj: 






or TinBedSkrttnety of Ghjfe cleurfd imo Greene, Bftw, Carnntisn, Crim- 
yi», Parflt,Scc. And to vie them with Cj*^/^ in the A'/^/;f. So like wile 
tohaue Round 6/aj/w^ not only of Gla£e CtUureJthcnw, but with Co- 
/wirjlaid betwecueCryJials, with ^W/« to hold in ores Hand. Pri/mes 
arcalfo Comfortable Things. They haiicof Ptris-ivetke, Lt§kini'6Uf. 
/p/, bordered with broad Borders of fmall Cry flail, and great Counterfeit 
Pret$0m Stints^ oizWCoUurs that are mod Glorious tnd Plcalant to be- 
hold jEfpecially in theA'/^if. The Pifiuresof Indiatt'Feathers, arc like- 
wife Comfortable, and Plcafant to behold. So alfo Faire and Cleerc 
/w/f J doe greatly comfortthe£;'<'/and5/'ir;«. Efpccially when the ^w 
is not GUringj but Ouer- aft j Or when the Moene fliincth. ' 

There be diuers Sorts of Bracelets fit to Comfort the Spiriti j And they 
bcofThrce/«fwrr«»/: Refrigerant ^ Corroborant '^ and ^ferj tut. Vor Re- 
Bigerantj I wifh them tobc ot Pe^rle^ or of Cor^illy as is vfcd : And it hath 
Dcene noted that Corall, if the Purty that wcareth it be ill difpbfcd, will 
waxFaU: Which I belccueto be true, beeaufe othenvifeDZ/^fw^vrof 
^r« will make Coralllofe Colour. I Commend alfo 5f^<//, or little Plates 
o( Lapis LsmU'^ And Beads oiNitre^ either alone, orwithfomeC<»r<^M// 

For Corrohratitn und Ceufortatien^ take fuch Bodies as are of ^ftrin- 
gcntQMalitj^ withouf Manifeft Cold. I commend Bead-^mkr ; which is 
fullof -^y/rifl/o», butyetisr»ff«#«tf, andnot cdd^ Andisccnceiuedto 
Imfimguate thofc that weare4iich Beads : I conimend alfo. Beads o( Harts- 
Home^ nadJuory, which arc of the like Nature j AKoOren^e-Beads j Alfo 
Beads oiLignam Aloes, M^cerated^x^'v^ Rofe tyater, and Dried. 

F or Opening, I Commend Beads, or Peeces of the Roots of Carduus Be^ 
mdiBtst : Alfo of the Roots oiPio»j the Male j And of Orr« j And of C4/4- 
mut Aromatttus ^ Awdo^Rew. 

The Crampe (no doubt,) commcth of ContrMkno^ Sinnevesy 
Which is Manifeft, in that it commeth eitherby Cold or Drinrffe^ As af- 
ter ConfumpiioKs, and Long Agues: For Cold and Drinejfe doe (both of 
ihcm^CfintraB, and Corrugate. Wee fee alfo, that chafing a little abouc 
the Place'm painc, cafeth the Crampe ; Which is wrought by the Dilatati- 
ort, of the Contr ailed Simexfcs, by Heat. There are in v(e for the Prcuen- 
tion of the Crampe, two Things ; The one'ifr*g/ oi SeaHorfe-Teeth, worne 
vpon rhe Fingers-^ The other Bands of Greene Periwinkle (the Hcrbe) tied 
about the Calfeoi the Leg^ or the Thigh, &c. where the Crat^^p: vfeth to 
come. Idoefindethis the more ftrangc, beeaufe Neither of thefe hauc 
any Relaxing Vertue, but rather the Contrary. I iudge thetefore, that their 
frorking iSj rather vpon the Spirits, within the Jvernes, to make thcra 
rtriuc lefle ; Than vpon the Bodily Sahjianee of the Nerues. 

I would hauc<rrM// made of twoothcr if2W«ofiSr4fp/ff/, for Comfor- 
iMgthe «f4r*,and Spirits ; The one of rhe Trechifch o{ riper s, made into 
link Petees o[ Beads ', Foriincethey doe great Good In,wards (efpecially 
(ox Peftilent Agnes) it is like they will be EfFe^uall Outwards. Where 
they may be apphcdin greater i2«r4»/;(7.Therc would be rr*f/>fj» like wife 


Century, X, 


made of Jiwitff ; Vs/hoCt f U(b dried^ is thought tohaueavery C»^e«/>)|g, 
and CcrdfjiU ysrtae. The other is, dL Beads made of the Sct^t Ppwdtr^ 
which they caWKermes-^ Which is the Principall/»5>ril*«/ in their C*r- 
diidl Confe£lr$n Alkermes : The Beads would bee Bjade vp with Amher- 
Gricey and (bme Pomander. 

• Ithaihbcenc long reccincd, and confirmed by <iiuers TrUSs.^ That 
the Root of the Mde-Pionj^ dried, tied to the AVfitr, doth hclpe the Pd^ 
liHg-Sickoe(fe -^ And likewilc the /»f«^**, which wee call the Mare. The 
C4ufe of both thefe Difej/es^ and cfpccially of the EpiUffie from the Sto- 
machy is the Greffeneffe o{ the yapours, which rife and enter into the CeUs 
oixhcBr^ine: And therefore ihcjyirking is, by Extreme yindSukiH At- 
tenuation , Which that Simple hath. I ludge the like to be in Cdjlorenm..^ 
MuskCy Rew- Seedy Agntu Cafitu Seed, &c. 

There is a StonCy which they call the Blend'Sttne y which worne is 
thought to be good for them that Bleed at the Nefe: Which (no doubt) 
isbyA/iriFltM^nd Coolingo{ the Spirits. Qaareyi^ ihc Sto/ie taken out 
of the To.'ds ffeady be not of the like Vertue ? ¥ot the Tt.idlone^ shade, 
and Coolcncflc. 

Light may bee taken from the Experiment of tlie Hfirfe'TMtb-Ritigy 
aftd the GjrUrd of Perivtnckky how that thofe things which aifwagc 
the^m/tfof the5/m«, doc helpe difcafes, contrary to the Intention de- 
flred : For in the Citrtng of the Crsmfey the Intention is to rekx the 5/»t 
nerves-^ Y,m.theContra?lion of the Spirits ythax. they llriueleflc^isthebeili 
Hclpc : So to procute cafre Trdn/dles ofhromeny the Intenfion is to bring 
(io'wnethe Childe-y But rhe belt Hclpc isj-toftay the Comming downe ioo 
Pufi: Whercnnto they fay, thel(?<i</»-5/tfiP« iikewifcheipeth. So in Pe- 
fttlent Fetters^ the Intention is to cxpcllthe /nfeHisn by Sweaty arid £«»4« 
pouration j But the beft Ak*nes to doc it, is by Nttre^ D iafcordinmy and o- 
ther Coole Things, which doc for a time arreft the Expulfiony till Natnrc^ 
can doe it more quietly. For as oneiaith prettily; /• the Qnenching of 
the Flame of a Peftilent A^ne^ Nttare it like Pe^pUy ikit come to tjnench thc^ 
Firt-ofa Houfn voloich are/e bnficy m one »f:themktteth another. Surely, it 
is an Excellent Asiom::y and of Manifold ?7^, that whatfocuer appea- 
feth the Contention of the Spirits y furthercth their ABion. 
, The H^y iters of Aatnrall Magicke, commend the Wearing of the Spoile 
of a S nuke y fox Preferning of Health . I doubtitisbutaCtf*f«/; For that 
the Snake is thought to renue her Tonthy by Cafting her ■?/«'/*. They 
might as welUakc the Ueakc of an fij^/f, or aPecoc of a Harts-Home^ 
bcc<i!iretho(eRemic. > . ^r- /r,(:;r! 

It hith bcone Anciently Receinedy (For Pericles the Athenian vfed it,) 
and it is yetinvie, to-wcate litde Bladders of Qn.i(k'S finery or Toilets of 
'Arfenicke^ as Pre/ern.itiues agiin^thc Plagne : Not as they conceiiie, for 
any Comfort they yceld to the SpirttSy but for that being ?»^#>w them- 
felues, tliey driw the Venomt to them, from the Spirits. 

Fide the Experiments 95. 91?. awi 97. touching the Senerai Sjmfa- 
thiety and Antipathies ^ for MedicinaH Vfe. 


















Itisiaid, chac the Guts or skiooi a wolfe being applied to the Reliy ' 
xloecijrcthe r^*//ViS:e. It is true, that the W^ft is a ^(rj/2-of great Eiii* 
<itj^ and Dffge^ien • - A»d fo it' may bee, the Rarts o£ hun com fort the 


J - Wc Ce6 S<drt-Cr9WH^ arc fet vp co kecpe Bi/di from <r*.'*ie, and f ^r. 
It is reported by fomc, that the ^^-rfii of a PPW//,;\vhoIc, dricdj and han- 
ded vp 'm^DotK-Hwfe\ will fcare away Vermne..^ Such as ziavvufiLs, Vol- 
<i»i, and the like. It maybe, the fieido^ a D^^ will doe as much • For 
tf lofc f "ermine with vs, know D*^'i better than tvolues. 1 .n A - •; 

The 5Ar/«^/ of (omc Crf<<««r</ (when their Heads arc roaftcd) taken 
in fri»e, are faid to ftrengthen the Memory : As the oi' Hares, 
Brsines o{ ffe»s i Brsinesoi D teres, &rc..Andit feemcth, tp bee incident 
to the Brxines ofthofe Crtdtnres, thatare Fearefull. '■ iW i .../.^^aR'^ji 

The 0/»r«»i«f that witches M^(i, is reported tobeemaje of the F4; of 
c6/7(!i/'^/», digged out' of their Griw^-j. Of the Imcesot' Sm.illage, i^el/e. 
t>Me, and Gi»q»eftile\ M in^,lcd with the Mede of fine fvheat. but I fup- 
pofe that the. S'o/'^r//>)'*;i3 /i/^-iZ/f/w/arclikefltodoeit' Wiiichare Hea. 
hnt, HMf^fcke, Mindrdke, Meone- Shade, Tebatco, Oj)i»m^ Saff'ren, Pej^lar. 

if is f^oTted by ibme, that the AfftBlens of Beafts, when they are 
inStreiTgtli, doeaddefomer<!'r«<^ vnto } nanimAte Things r, As tKatthe 
skin of zSheepe, diaiouted byatev//<r,moiieth Itching'^ LhitiStane bit- 
tenbyaD<^ in Anger,' being throwne athicn, drunke in Powder, pro- 
iKJkt'thrAo/^M,;;- -'nil vo.'-. -: ^iu-..i?,-.H-.'»ciP' . ,, 

a- h* hath becne obferiled, that'thc Diet oi Women wlxhchilde, doth 
W'O^kie much vpon the Injant, As'ii rhe Mother eat Qumcsmxid\, and 
Coriander-Seed (the iV^^»«r#bf bothWhichis to rcpreffc and ftay Vafours, 
that afcend to the ^raine) ft vei'll'make the Childe Ingenious; And on 
the eontftiry fide, ifthe^/**6<ycat (much) Ooipas^oiBeaues, orfuchl^**- 
potsrom food; Or drinke Pf^w, <)r Strong Dride, inimoderacely j Or Fsfi 
much • Or be giuen to much Mufibg j '(All which fend, or draw r.ifcitrs 
to the Head,) It cndangcK'th the Ohildt to become Luftatfcke, or of /m- 
perfeB Memory : And I niake thifame ludgetnent of ToUcco, often taken 
bythc^^<'/Afr. 1 

The ivrtters oiNaturalltMagicke report, that the Heart of an Afe, worne 
■ neere the Heart, comforreth "the Heart, and incrcaP^th Audacity. It is 
true, that the Ape is a Merry and Bold Beaft. And that the Came Heart 
likcwifcofan Ape, applied to the iV^fitr or Head, hclpeththc fi^it j And 
is good for the FaUin^-SickueJJe : The Ape alfo is a Witty Beafi, and hath 
a Dr} Braine j \Vhich may be fomc Caufe of Attenuation of Vapours in the 
' Head. Yet it is faid to moue Dreamcs alfo. It may be, the Heart ofa Man 
would doc more, but that it is more againft^w^MinJesto vfcitj Ex- 
cept it be in fuch as were the Reliques oC Saints, 

The Ple^ oC^Hedge-Hoo, Dreflcd and Eaten, is faid to be a great I>rier : 
It is true, that the iHyce ofa Hed<ie'Heg, muft needs be Harfls and Drj, be- 
caufe it pmtcth forth fo many >f/f ^'/w ; ¥oi^lants alfo, that arc full of 

.V-. m\^\.'. Prickles, 

Century. X, 

Prickles, are generally Drie ; As Briars J'homes^Berbernes .-And thCfDi 
fore the >://Jj«ofa«cdf^e-//o^^ arc laid to bee a great DcftccattxeoiFi-. 

JiuLi's. . ' ] ' 

Mummy haihgrc3it^0Tccin StJn:hingoi Blo'id -^ which, i^ it may be 
afcribcd to the Mixture ofBalmes^thitare Glutinom',So um^ alfo par-' 
take of a Secret Projfrietj:,ln that ihc Bloud drawcth Miias Fltfh.Andiz 
isapproned, that tlie A/ojfc which groweth vpon ihe^/'a/fofaDMt/ 
iWj» vnbiiricd, will lUnch Blond potently. Andfo doe ihc Dre^s, or 
Powder ofBbftd, feuered from the Wj«r, and Dried. ih r. i 

It hath bccnepra6lifed, tomikc fvhite Sjpu Howes, hy Annoiming of 
thef^^f / with Oyle. Which EjfcB may be produced, by the Stopping of 
the Poresoii\\Q shcll^and making the fuycc,thai puttcth forth the Fm. 
//rrrj afterwards, more Penurious. And it may be, the Annointing of the 
Eggei^wiW be as Effccftuall as the Annointing of the i?o</yjOf which Fide 
ihs Experiment 9 1. 

It is rv'porred, that the white of an Egve^ox Bloud, mingled with Sah- 
fv.iter,doth gather thc5jfr'/t'//^i',and makcth the fruter fweetcr.This may 
t)eby AJhelion ; As in the 6. Experiment oicUrificwon : It may be alfo 
' liat Dloudy and the H'hite of an Eggc^ ( which is the M-ntcr of a Liuing 
Crenture^ hauc fomc5)wy) 'r/^j^wiih.y.f/f ; For allz.r/ehath a Sympathy 
with'5 ;/f. We fee that 5j/f ,1aid to a C«fjf»«;fr, healeih itjSoas it fce- 
meth^j/rdrawcth^/o/^, as well as B/(j«d drawcth Sd/r. >! , 

It harh becnc anciently rccciued, that the Sea-Hare, hath'ati Antipif- 
t/y with the f>w/g/,(ifitcommethncare the B3dy,)anderodeth them. 

i Whereof the C.K:ft is conceiucd to be, a Quality it hath oiHUting the 
Brcath,^\-\d Spirits ', h%Camharides\^z\.\e vpon the w^./fm Farts of the 
Bady ; As rrme and HydropicalUvater. And it is a go jd /J«/(r,that what- 
focucr hath an Operation vpon ccrtainc Kinds o^ Matters, that, in Mans 
Bodie,\vox\f.e\h mod vpon thofe P^rrj, wherein that Kind of Matter ql- 

Generally, that which is D^r^jor Corrupted, or Excerned, hath An' 
tipatl^e with the fame tA/^jt, when it is^/j«c,and when it is Sound; And 
with thofe r./rf/, which doc Exserne: As a CarkaffeoiMan is moft/w/r- 
ff/<?,vj,and odious to M-an ; A Carrion of an tierfe toan fforfc,&:c.Purit^ 
lent Matter o? iroands, And Vlccrs, Carbuncles, Pcekes^ Scabs ^ Leprojie, to 
Sound fIcPj', Andihe Excrement ofewry Species to that Creature that 
Excerneth them. But the Excrements arc IclTe Pernicious than the Cor- 

It is aCommon Experience ^i\\M Dogs know the Dog-Kilkr-^bsu as 
intimcsof/wff3/ov, fome Petty Fe/W is lent out to kill Dogs j And 
that though they haue ncucr fccne him before, yet they will allcome 
forth, andbarke,and fly athim. 

The Relations touching the Force o^ Imagination, and the Secretin. 
JlinBs of Nature, are fo vnccrtaine, as they require a great dealc of £x- 
amination,crc we conclude vpon them. I would haue it firft throughly 
inquired, whether there be any Secret Paflages oi Sympathy ybtivfecue 


m ( 

















Pie^jbHtifneare Blotid-^ As Parents^ Children, Brothers, sijters, Nur/i- 
cMUrem; Husbandfi Wiues,i^c. There be many Reports in Hijlory, tiiat 
vpon the De<.nh oiPerjbns of fuch NearencfTCj/l/fw haiie had an inward 
Meelif^ of it. I my Selte remember, that being in Parif, and my F.itkr 
■dying inZ.ert(;/««,twoor three daycs before my Fathers death, I had a 
I>rft««e. which I told to diners £«^////j Getklemen j That my F.ithers 
HoUfe in the Countrey, was Plajlcre'd all oner with BlackcMortar. There 
is an Opinion abroad, ( whether Idle or no I cannot iay;,) That loiiing 
and kinde Hifskands,hiue a Senfe of their mucs Breeding Childcjby fomc 
\jiiccident in their owne Bodie. 

■ Next to thofe that are Neare in Blond, there may be the like Pufjlige., 
■and InfiinBs of M*«rf ,betwcene great Friends^JLVidEnemies: knd Ibme- 
times the Reuealiog isvnto Another Perfin, and not to the P^irtj Him- 
felfe. I remember philippus Comminem, (a graue Writer,) reportech- 
That the Arch-Bifhop of rienn.i, (a Reuerend PreL7te,)('Aid(onQ day)after 
idaffe, to Xing Ltwit the eleuench of France ; Sir your MortaliEnemic is 
Kfe<7i. What time Dttke Charles o(Burgundy\v&s Slaine,at the Batte/Zof 
Cranfon^igaind theSwitzers. Some triall alfo would be made,whcrhcr 
foB ot Agreement doe any thing • As if two Friends ilioiild agree, that 
(uch a Day in euery/i^'e<'/&e,they being in farre DiJl^mtP laces, (hould Pray 
one for Another • Or fhould pat on a King, or Tablet, one for anothers 
Sake; Whether if one of them lliould breake their rew and frfl>;?jf/Z', 
the otheif (hould haiic any Feeling of it, in Abfence. 

If there be any Force in Imaginations and AjfeBions of singular Per- 
0ns- It is Probaolc the Force is much more in the loynt Imaginations and 
AjfeBionso^Mulntudes : As ifa f-'iBory fhould be won, ox io^k^iu Remote 
I /'.^jtJ, whether is there not fome Senfe thereof, in the /'i^oy^/e whom itj 
concerneth j Becaufe of the great loy or Griefe, that many Men arc pof- 
fcft withjat once? Pim^intus, at the very time, when that Memora- 
ble ViBory was won, by the Chriftians, againft the Turhs, at the Nauall 
BatteUoi Lepanto, being then hearing of Catifes in Cenjlftory, brake off 

(ftiddenly,and faid to thofe about himj It isnow more time,wefhouldgiue 
Aankes to Godjbr the ireatV'iBory he hathgramtedvsagainji theTurhs.h 
is true, that riBery had a Sympathy withnis Spirit ; For it was meercly 
his Worke, to conclude that may be, that Reuelation was Di- 
idiiwf jButwhatfliallwefay then,toa Number, of Examples, amongft 
the Greciatts, and Romans} Where the Pf«p/f, being in Theaters at Plates 
haue had Nc wes ofriBorieSj and Ouerthrowes^ f ome few dayes, before 
a&y Me£enger cotiltlcome. 
Lr.A ■':■:• \ i 3t.'<. -.: ■ 

It is true, that chat may hold in thefc Things, which i.v 
thcgencralli^£7of of Superfiition: Namely, that Men obfcruc 
when Things Hit^ and not when they Miffe : And commit 
to Memory the one, And forget and pafTc oucr the other. 
But touching D/»/«4fw», and the Mifgiuing of Mindes, wee 
^^ ^\ ftiall 

Qentarj, X, 

(halUpeakc mere, when wc handle in gcncrallj chc Nature o' 
MimSjind So!tles,^ad Spirits. 

Wc hane giuen formerly fome Rules oUffugiaatidn ; And touching 
xhe Fortifyi/igoiihc Simi.K'WehsiueCetdowncilfofotm tew Injl.incesy 
and Direirfions^ ofthe Force ot Jmj^injtion^vpQn Be.iJl.f^Birdiy Sec. vpon 
pUnti^ hudwoon Inanimate Bodies : Wheiein you muftftill 'jbferue, 
that youxTriallsbe: vponsul?tiU3ndLightJUfotions,znd not thcconcraryj 
For you will iboiKT^byI?fi.'gin.nion,\3mdc aBird from5'/»g/«(j,than from. 
Eatings or Flying , And I leaue it roeuery M-in^ tochooic Experiments^ 
whicii hinnlclfe fhmkcch moft Corampdious j Giuing now but a few 
Examples ofcucry of the- Three Kindes. 

Vrcfomc Im.igm.mty (ob{eruing the Rules formerly prcfcribed, ) for 
Binding ofa Bird from Singing-^ And the like of a Dog from Barkir.g.'Xx'ic 
alfo the fm-igiiution of fonu-,whom you fhal accommodate with things 
to fortifie ir> in Cocke-fighSy to make one Code more Hardy ,and the o- 
thcrmore Cowardly. It would be tried alfo in Flying ofHawhs ; Or in 
Conrjingoi'a Deere, or liar e^wkb Grey- Hounds ; Or in Herfe-Races-^\nd 
the like CoMparatiue Motions :Vor you may fooner by Imagination^ quic- 
ken or flacke a Motion ^ than raife or cealeic -, As it i$ calier to make a 
Dog goc fl jwer, than to make him (land iHIl that he may not runnc. 

In plants allb,you may trie the Force oUm^gination-^ vpon the Lifter 
Sort oi Motions : As vpon the Sudden Fading, or Liuely Comming vp of 
Herbs -^ Or vpon their iJf«<i/V;^ one way, or other j Or vpon their c/#- 
fing^ and Opening ^ &c. 

VoTlmnimate Things^ you may trie the Force o( Imagination^ vpon I 
Staying the Working ot'Beere^ when the Barme is put in j Or vpon the 
Comming of Butter^ or Cheef-^ after the Cherming^ or the Rennet bee 
put in. 

1 1 is an Ancient Trdi/>/o«,cucry where alleagedjfor £x.7»7;?fc of 5cfr« 
Proprieties and Injl;exes,th3t the Torpedo iVljn«.7,it it be touched with a 
{ long Stickc,dothftupcfiethef/j«i/orhim that is one de- 
I gree ot H'orking at Dijlance^to worke by the Continuance ofa YitMedi- 
j «»w J As 5o;^«i, will bcconueycd to the Eare^ by ftrikuig vpon a Btw- 
l Stringy if the Home of the Bow be held to the Fare, 

TheH^riters of Nat /(rail Maqicke^ doe attribute much tOthe ferttteSy 
that come from the Parts of Li'uingCreatuns • Soasthey betaken from 
1 them, the Creatures remaining Hill a!iue ; As if the Creature ftill liuing 
did infufc Comclmmateriatcrcrtue^ind rigour, mto the Part Seuered,So 
much may be true ■, thar any /»^rt, taken from a Liuing Creature ^ newly 
sUineyTniy be of greater force, than if it were taken trom the like Crea- 
eurcy dyint^ of it Selfe^ bccaufe it is fuller of Spirit. 
•Triall would be made, of the like Parts of Indiuiduallsyia Plants, ^d 
Liuing Creatures-^ As to cut offaStocke ofa Tree-^ And to lay that,whicli 
you cut ^, to Putrificy to fee vi^hcther it will Decay the Reft of the 
Stocke : Or if you ("hould cut pff part of the Taile^ ot Legge of a Dtgge^ 

I _ .^ . y 

ifS j 









J\(aturali His! cry: 




or a Cat^ and lay it to Putrifie, and Co lee whether it will fcJUr or kecpv ' 
from ^C:7//«^, the? jrf which rcmaineth. * 

It is receiuedjthat it hcjpethto Centihue Lou€, if one wearca ^7?w^or 
ABracelet^ of the Hain of the ?jr^>' Bcloucd. 6ui that maybe by the £x- j 
citingohhc Imagination: ^nd perhaps a (^/oz/f, or other hkeFrf/r9;:;rjniayi 
as well doe it. - | 

The SympJthie oClndiuidualh^ that haue beene.ifwjf/Vfj or haiie Tou- 
ched^ is of all others the mod ImrUible : Yet according vnto our faith- 1 
fuIlManner oiExamination o^Natufe^wc: will make fomc little mention » 
of it. The Taking away of^artSy by Rulbing themwith fume what that ) 
afterwards is put to wafte,and confumcjis a Gommoq£.v^m>.i>«: Ami I 
I doe apprehend it the rather, bccaufe of mine ovvne£.Ypmt«f^. 1 had^j 
from my childhood^ aivan vpon one of my Fingers 5 Afterwards whcjij 
I was about Sixteene Yeares old, being then at Paris^ there grew vpon 
both my Hands a Number qdvarts, ( at the leaft an hundred ,)iu a Mo- 
neths Space. 1h.e English Embajjadours Ladie, who was a iromauiatrc 
from Superjlition^ told me, one day ; Shee would helpe mce away with 
my fyarts : Whereupon lliee got a Peece oiLard^ with the Stin on • and I 
rubbed the lyarts all ouer, with the f ,7t side-^ And amongft the re it that | 
Warty which I had had from my childhood -^ Then fhee nailed the Peect 
oi Lardy with the Fat towards the Sunney vpon a Pcaft of her Chamber 
i*'»Wfl)p, which was to the 5tf«f/j, The Succcflc was, that within fiue 
Weekesfpace, all the ^^'irrj went quite away : And thatV^z-f, which! 
had fo long endured, for Company.Butat the reft I did little marueil, 
beeaule they came in a Short time, and might goe away in a Short 
Time againe: But the Going away of that, which had rtayed fo long 
doth yet fticke with me.They fay the like is donc,by xhc Rubbing oCwarts 
with a Greene Elder StickeyZnd then Burying ihc Sticke to Rot in Miuke. 
It would be tryed, with Cor«fj-,and Wens^w<\ fuch other E'xcrefcences.l 
would haue it alfo tried, with fomc Parts of Lining Creatures y that are 
neareft the Nature oi Exhefcemes ^ As the Combs oi' Cocks y the Spurres. 
o( Cocks ylhe Homes o( Beajlsy&cc. And 1 would haue it tried both waiesj 
Both by Rubbing thofe Parts with Lard or Elder ya% beforcj And by Put- 
ting ojfkmQ Peece of thofe PartSySS\(X laying it to Confume-y To (ce whe- 
ther it will Worke any Effedl, towards the Cenfimptro/t of that Part 
which was once loyned with it. 

It is conftantly Rqceiued, and Auouched, that the ^nointimof the 
fveapony that makeththe ^o»«^j will healethe;;'o.w^ it fel'fe.In this Ex- 
periment yV^on the Relation o^Men o( Credit y ( though my felfe, as yet, 
are not fully inclined tobelecue it,^you fliall note the Po/,;;/ following. 
Firft, the Ointment y wherewith this is done, is made of Diners Ingredi- 
<«f J j whereof the Strangeft and Hardeft to come by, are the Alojfc vpqn 
the Skull of a dead ManyFnburied ; And the Fats of a Bodre, ancfa Beimy 
killed in the^S of (7f«fr^(/o«.Thefe two laft I could eafily fufpe^to be 
prcfcribedas a Starting Hole j That if the Experiment proued not, it 
, moiight be pretended, that the Beapwcte not killed in the dfce Time ; 


Ceniury. X. 


Foras for xhQMojJt^n isccrtain,fhcrc is great Qjanricy of ir in Ireland^ 
vpon Siune BoditSjlivd on Hc.pis^f^nburied. Tlit: orher InineJiie>.'tizxt:^}: 
the Blo^id- Stone in Porpder^znd lumc ochcr 71r''i;r^r,which fccm tuhauta ; 
f^crtue to Stanch Bloud^ As allothc MojJ'eluih. And the Defcripticn of j 
1 r.he Tphok O intmcntis tobc ioimd'mthe Chyvti'-a! DiJjKfjptory ut Ct el/hu, 
[ Sccondly,thefame Kinde o^ Ointffient^a^^nkd, to iIk- Hirta klfe,wor- ! 
[ feech not the E^ff'H •, but only appHc-d ro tlic tfe.'pon.Tlmii])' -(which I I 
' like well) tliey do not obfcrue iheConfctiifigoi'zhc Oim f:e n vndcrany 1 
I ccTraineroA/ff//wf/o«- wbichcoriimpnly is the Excule of Mjgicdl Medi- 
; vi«c/,when they faile,rhat they wcrcnot m idj vnder a fi: Fj^'ire oiHea- 
I iic/i. Fourthly, it may be applied to the }rcJport, t hough the P.irty Hurt 
i bt ax gtciz.Dijianre. Fiifhly,itretmoth the /w^/^t/m;; of the Party, to 
! be Cuiedy i^ nor necdfiill to Conciirrc-,For ir may be dDne,witho;ic the 
! Kiiowledge of the Pjrty irottnded ; And thus much harh Scene tryed, 
1 that the 0'intmcit(Jot £.\;^fr;»iMfj fakejhathbeenc wiped o^"the hfe^- 
: /io«,widiOLU the knowledge of the Partie Hurtflud prelently the P.irty 
I //^ffjhath beenein greait ^tfj^r of /».i/«f,till i\\vH'(apK w^s Ker.neir.tcd. 
j Sixtlily, it IS a'Hrmed, that tTyoii cannot get the frejjioi^ yet if you put 
I an InjlrumiKt of/row, or tvood^ refcnibling the ncap>t, into the r/o.:nd^ 
whers by it blecdeth, the ^«o;>.t/>^of that InJ{rii7;7c>it\vih lerue, and 
worke the E/fcB.This I doubt flionld be a Dcmce,co keep this rt range 
Forwt'ofC«;Y, inRequeft, and Vie • Bccaulc many times you cannot 
come by the irejpn it rel'c.Scuenthly,the woundmnii be at firft H-jjhed 
cleanc^ff'nh f^'hitc Pf7«f,orthc Parties owne Waiter •, And then bound vp 
cloreinF/icL/«»f«, and no more Drefsin^ renewed , tiliitbeir/We. . 
Eightly,rhc 5n'»r<:i it fclfe rnulf be IVrdpped'wp clefe^as farre as the Oir/t- \ 
7He»t goeth, that it takcth no mnd. N inthly, the Otntment, if you wipe 
it off trom the 5iror^,and keepc it, will Serue <?^j;«f;,and rather Increafe \ 
in vert:te^th»n £>rw/nfj?7.Tenthly,it will Ci^rr intarre 5^0; rrrfrnf, than 
OintmcntJ of tvounds commonly doe.LailIy,it will Cure sl Bcafi^is well ' 
as a A/,/«,which I like beft of all the reft,bccau(c it (ubiedeth the /Vi^t 
f f r, to an Ejfic Triall, 

I*\Vou!d hauc Men know, that though I reprehend, the E^ific p.ifsin^- 
vfr,of the c.jaftT oilhiKgt^ by Afcribing them to Secret and Hidden 
Vertifx^^nd Prep'ieti'e^; ) For this hath arrellcd, and laid artcvpe, all 
true E»q:tiry\OL\v\ rndidrtio'is-J yet I doe not vndt r(bind,but ih:it in the 
tiofi^ wheroun'-o/W/V.;t/o« cannot lo fully reach : And this not oaely in 
Sp'cic^ but in ip.diuidfio.So in phyfirkc^W you will cnrt- the /c;."n.'ie.(, it is 
nor enough ro lav,rhat the Mcdirine mull: not that wil 
hinder the Opem^i^ which the Dz/c^/J re(.]uireth:That it rftuft not be Hot 
For char wiil c^:al perare Choler-.That n mult goe ro the oJl-^ For there 
is the ObjlriiHioi which caufeth the Difcafc^ &c. But you muft rcceiue 
from Expcric '<ff ,that Powder o(ch.jr. fpytis^ox rhe like,drunke in Becre^ 
is good for the ^aundics : So againe, a wife P^'»>/ii«doth not continue 


Si'jitsry, ton- 




!J\(aturaJI Hipry 

Experimctii • 
Soiitiry, cou- 
ching the Gf- 
ntrall Symfttby 

I dill the fame Medkine^io a Fatient'^iM he will vary,ifthe firii Medicine 
i doth not apparantly fuccced : For of thole Remedies , that are gootl for 
I the /jundies,Stone,Agues^Si.c.thii will do good in one E«dj- which wih 
' not doe good in Another j According to the Correfpondcnce ihe^^- 
dici ae hath to the Indiuid/iallBtdJe. 

THc Delight which jVf e« ^u^ ^^ Po^i*lamie,Fame^Hofio/irySuhmi/i- 
on^^ SubieBioHoi othcx Mens Minds j^ils^ox ^j^ffi/ow/, (although 
thefe Things may be defircd for other Ends) feemeth to be a Thing^m it 
felfCjWithout Contemplation of Confequence, Grateful! and agreea- 
ble to the Nature of A/4».This Thing(furely)is not without fomc Sig- 
nification, as if all Sfirits and Soules olMen^ came forth out of one D/- 
uint Lm^wjElfe why fhould Men be fo much affcftcd with that,which 
others thinke, or lay ? The beft Temper ofMindes deffreth Co»d 
Ni^me^and True Honour: The Lighter, Popularity^aadA^- 
j>//j«/?; The more dcpraued, SubieBion^ And Tyranny-^ 
As is feene in great Conquerourj, AtidTroublers of ' 
the fForid: And yet more in Arch-Heretikes ^ 
for the Introducing of new DoBrines^ is 
likcwile an AfeBation o^Tyranniey 
cuer the ynderftandin^s^ 
and Beleefes of 

%jm 'i"T^'. 





the Experiments. 

Century. I. 



t:\xv) Ji. 


p- StrjiniMjror Percolation^ Outward^ andlnrcat 

mcnts8. P^igci 

Of Alotionvpon Prejfuh. Experiments 5. page 3 

Of Separations (f hediesLtqnid by wei^n, Exp. 3 . pag. 4 
Of InfuJionS) in mner and Aire. Exp.' 7. 

Of the Jppetitcof Continuation in Liquids. Exp. i. 

Of ^rtijicijlf Springs, Exp. X. ■• 

Of the Vcnomouf J^uality of MansJJefh. Exp! i . 

Of Turning Aire into rvjter. Exp. I. 

Of Helping of Altering the shjpe of the Bffdy. Exp. i . 

OfCondenfingofAire^toyeeldweight^oif^Notmfi.meHt. Exp. i. 

Of Flame .ind Aire Cowmixtd. Exp. i . 

Of the Secret Nature of Flame. Exp. i,; ., 

Of Flame ^ in the Midj}^ and on the Sides. Exp. i . 

Of Motion of Gr,Kuty. Exp. I. 

Of ContraBion of Bodies in Bulie. Exp. i. 

Of making rines more frifitfu//. Exp. r . 

Of the Several/ Operations of Purging Medicines, fixp. <?. 

0/ Meats and Drinkes moflNoffrijbin^. Exp. 1 5 . 

Of Medicines applycd in Order. Exp.'l. 

tifJCtirc by Cupme. Exp.-'t. 'v>->«j-. 

OfCureby Exceffe. Exp. i. - ^^'^"'^ 

pf Citre by Motion of Confent. Exp. I. 
] OfCttrc of Difeafes contrary to Prediffofitton. Exp. r . ' ''^^^|*' pag. i j 
ipf-frifaration before and after Purging: Exp.!. ' ' ibi^. 
'y-OfSf^<M^g9foiid.'E\p.i: ' V. paw. 22 
IO— z , " ofi 


pag. 8 


pag. 10 
pag. n^ 
ibid. : 

pag. 1 2 



V pag- X 5 

^ ^J^^bid 




The Tabic. 

Of change of Miments and, Medicines. Exp. i . 

Of Diets. Exp. I. 

Of produBionof Cold. Exp. 7. 

Of Tutning Aire into fvater. Exp. 7. 

Of Induratinn of Bodies. Exp. 8. 

Of Preyingof Airevponiyater. Exp. i. 

Of the Fcfce ofVnion. Exp. i. 

Of makini^eathers and H aires of divers Colours. Exp. i. 

O^f Nourtjhntent of young Creatures in the Egge^ or wombe* Exp. 

Of Sympat hy and Antipathy. E xp . 3 . 

of the Spirits^ or Pneumaticalls in Bodies. Exp, i . 

of the power of Heat. Exp. i . | 

Of Im^efibility of Annihilation. Ek^. I. ^\_s. - -ij 



pag. 29 

t. pc^. 30 

pag. 31 
pag- 32 
pag. 3 3 


7. JJ. 

OF Muftche. Exp. 14. 
Of the NuUity and Entity of Sounds. Exp. 5). 
Of ProduSion^ConferuationjC^ Delation of sounds, Exp. 
Of Magnitude^Exility^and Damps of Sounds. Exp. 2 5. 
OfLoudneJJ'eandsoftneJ^eef sounds. Ex^. 3. 
Of Communication of Somds. JBxp. 3. 
Of Equality and Inequality of Sounds. Exp,^. 
Of more Treble and Safe Tones. Exp. 6. 
Of Propertienef Treble and Bafe. Exp. 4. 
Of Exteriour and Inter iour Sounds. Exp. 4. 
Of Artie tflatien of Sounds. Exp^. 

pag. 35 
pag. 39 


pag- 50 
pag. 52 

pag- 53 

pag- 54 

A '<') ,V' 

Century. III. 

OF the Lines invfhich Somidsmottc. Exp.^. 
Of the LapngorPeri^mgof Sounds. Exp. 5. 
Of the Parage or Interception of Sounds. Exp, '^a !,ii,- 
Of the Medium of Sounds, Exp. 4. .!'•;>• 

Of the Figures of BodiesyeeldingSounds. Exp.j, .^ ..OT'ii\j>\ > , . 
Of Mixture of Sounds. Exp. 5 . . ,,' . 4 . ,Y\yj-/3 ■[ \ 

Of Melioration of Sounds. Exp. 7. .Vvv%^o''! '^ ^ wQ«<i\5. \ 

Of Imitatio?} of Sounds. Exp, 6. »t\rtv.'v 

Of Reflexion of Sounds. Exp. 1 3 . • " 

Of Cpnfent andDijfent betrceene Audibks^ ^ yif%bUs, Exp. a \> 

- f.'V-^ 

pag- 57 
pag. 58 

pag. 59 

pag, 6i 

pag. 54 

pag. ^8 


The Table. 

Of Sympathy jnd. Antipathy of Sounds, Exp. 5. 

Of Hinderi/ig or Helping of Hearing. Exp. 4. 

Of the Spirit u.iU and Fine Nature of Sounds. E xp. 4. 

Of Orient Colours in Dijfolutiens of Metds, Exp. i. 

Of Prolongation of Life. Exp. i. 

Of the Appetite of ynion in Bodies. Exp. r . 

Of the lite Operations of Heat and Time. Exp. r. 

Of the Dijfering Operations of Fire and Time. Exp. r . 

Of Afotionsby Imitation. Exp. I. 

Of lafeBious Difeafis. Exp. i. 

Of the Incorporation of Powders and Liquors. Exp. i . 

Of Exercife of the Body j And the Benefits^ er Euils thereof. 

Of Meats fooneClutting^or Not Glutting. Exp. r. 







• pag. 77 
Exp. 1 4 ibid. 




F clarification of L i^uors^ and the Accelerating thereof. Exp. 1 1 . 

Of Maturation^ and the Accelerating thereof ^ AndoftheMatm- 










pag. 100 

^ m. 


ration ofDrinhcSy and Fruits. Exp. 1 5 . 
Of making Gold. Exp. i • 
of the Seuerall Natures of Gold. Exp. I . 
Of Indttcing and Accelerating PutrifaHion. Exp. 1 2 . 
Of Prehihiting and Preuenting FmrifaBion. Exp. 1 r . 
of Rotten wood Shining. Exp. i. 
of Acceleration of Birth. Exp. i . 
Of Ac/%leration of Growth and Stature. Exp. r. 
of Bodies SuJphureoui and MercttriaU. Exp. 5. 
Of the Chameleon. Exp. r. 
of Subterrany Fires. Exp. r. 
Of Nitroufyyater. Exp. i. 
Of Congtaling of Aire. Exp. I . 
of Congealing fvater into Chryjlaff. Exp. r. 
Of Preferuingthe Smeff, and Colour jia Rofe-Leaues. Exp. I 
Of the Lajiing of Flame. Exp. lo. 
Of Infufons or Burials ofdiucrs Bodies in Earth. Exp. 5 . 
Of the AjfcBs of Mens Bodies from feueraffmnds. Exp. I . 
Of ^Pinter and Sfcmmer Sickneffes. Exp. i . 
Of PefiilcntlaU Teeres. Exp. i . 
OfEpidemicaUDiJeafes. Exp.r. 

Of Prefer uation of Liquor f inWeSs^ or deepe Pranks. Exp, I . 

Z 2 



The Tabic. 


OfStuttitij^.'Exp.i. . pag. toi 

Of Sweet Smels, Exp. 4. ibid. 

(^ thegoodne£ey and Choice of H'aters. Exp.7. pag. 102. 

Of Temperate Heats vnder the c/£qmnoBiaU. Exp. i . p^. 103. 

Of the Colouration of Blacke and Tawney Moores. Exp» i ; ibid. 

Of Motion after the Infiantjef Death, Exp. I . pag. 1 04 

Century V. 

Of Acceleratinf^ or ffajlening forward Germination. Exper. 12 
pag. 105 
Of Retarding or putting backe Germination. Exp. j> . 
Of Meliorating^ or making better^ Fruits^ and Plants, Exp. 5 5 
Of Compound Fruits^andFlowers J Exp. 3. 
Of Sympathy and Antipathy of plants. Exp. 19, 
Of Making Herbs and Fruits Medicinable. Exp. 2 . 

pag. 110 
pag. 118 
pag. 124 

Century. VI. 

OF Curiofities about Fruits ^ and Plants. Exp. 1 7, pag, 117 

Of the Degenerating of plants-^ And of their Tranfmutation om 
into another. Exp. I /^. pag. 13 x 

Of the Proceritie and Lownejj'e of plants 'y And of ArtijfciaU Dwarfing 
them. Exp. 5. pag. 134 

Of the Rudiments of Plants j And of the Excrefcences of Plants^ or Super- 
Plants, "Exp. i 6. ibid. 
of producing PerfeB Plants without Seed. Exp. 1 1. pag. 1 3^ 
OfForraine Plants, Exp. 3 . ^. 1 40 
of the Seafons of feueraU Plants. Exp.^. pag. 141 
Of the Lafiing of Plants, Exp. 5 . pag. 142 
OffeueraS Figures of, plants. Exp. 3. pag. 143 
Of feme principaU Differences in Plants. Exp. 4. pag. 144 
Of ali Manner of Compofis andtielpsfor Ground. Exp. 6. pag. X45 

Century. VII. 

OF the Affinities and Differences between* Plants ondBodiesJnam- 
mate. Exp.^. pag.i4j> 

Of Affinities and Differences betweene Plants^ andLimng Croh 
tMreS'^AndoftheConfinersandFarticipUsifBoth. Exp.4. p^. I5« 

The Table. 

of Plants Experiments Premifcuoui. Exp. 6j. 
Of Hcatingvf}younds. Hxp. I* 
Of FJt dijfufed in FUJI). Exp. I . 
^f Ripening D rinke f^eedilj. E xp. r . 
Of Pilofitie and plumage, Exp. i. 
Of the ^uicknejfe of Motien in Birds. Exp. i . 
Of the Clcereneff'e 9f the Sea, the North Wind blowing. 
Of the Dijftrent HeJts of Fire jnd Boiling f rater. Exp, 
Of the Qualification of Heat Ity Moifittre. Exp. i . 
OfTawni'n^^. Exp. i. 
Of the Hiccough. Exp. i. 
Of Sneezing. E x p. i . 
Oftlx TenderneJJ'e of the Tetth. Exp. i * 
Of the Tongue. Exp. i. 
of the Mouth out of Tafie. Exp. r . 
Offome Pro^nojiicks ef P ejlilent iaU Seafuns. Exp. i . 
Of SpedaU Simples fur Medicines. Exp . i . 
OfFenut. Exp. 3. 

Of the Infe3a, or Creatures bred of P utrifaBion, Exp. 
of Leaping, Exp. I. 

Of the Fleafures and D ij^leafures of Hearing ^ and 
Exp. I, 

pag. i<f5 


pag. i5^ 



Exp. 1 4 ibid. 

I. ibid. 


3. pag. 170 

of the other Senfes. 

Century. Vill. 

OF rcines of Earth MedicinaU. Exp, i. 
Of Sponges. Exp. I. 
OfSea-Fifh in Frejh Heaters, Exp. i. 
Of AttraBion by Similitude of Subfiance. Exp. i » 
Of Certaine Drinkes in Turkey. Exp. r . 
Of Sweat. Exp. 6. 
of the Gh-fTormi. Exp. i. 
of the Impre/ions upon the Body^from feueraU PaJTttns 

Exp. 10. 
Of Drunkenneffe, Exp. 4, 

Of the Hurt, or Hclpe of ivine, taken moderately, Exp, x. 
OfCatterpiUers. Exp. r. 
O f the FlyesCanthar ides. Exp. I. 
OfLafitude. Exp. 2. 

Of Cajling the Skin, and Shell, in feme Creatures, Exp. 
Of the Pojiures of the Body. Exp. 3. 
Of PeftilentiaUreeres. Exp. i. 
Offome P rognofiicks of Hard mttters. E xp. i , 
\ Of Certaine Medicines that condenfe and releeue the Spirits, 

pag. 175 

pag. 17(5 


, pag. 178 

of the Minder, 

pag. 182 



\* ibid. 

pag. 184 


.Exp. I. p.185 

The Tabic. 

Of faimingjof the Body. Exp. t. ibid. 

Of the vfe of Bathiagy and Annoiming. Exp. i . ibid. 

Of ChamoUttinj^of Paper. Exp. I. pag. 18^ I 

Of Cuttle Inke. Exp. i. ibid. 

OfEarthmreajinginireight. Exp. i. ibid. 

Ofsleepe, Exp. 3. ibid. 
bf Teeth ^ and Hard Stthfiances in the Bodies ofLiuing Creatures. Exp. 1 1 . 

Of the Generation y and Bearing of jLiuing Creatures in theVFombe, Exp. 3, 

pag. 185? 

Of Species yifthle. Exp. 2. p3g«i9o 

Of Jmpulfon,andPercujrioK. Exp. 3. pag. ijn 

Of Titiliation. Exp. I. p;^.i«^2 

OfSarcitieofRaineint/£gypt. Exp. i. ibid. 

Of clarification. Exp.i. ibid. 

Of Plants without Leaues, Exp. i. p^.193 

Of the Materiallsof Glajje. Exp.i. ibid. 

Of Prohibition ofPutrifaBion, and the long Confer uation of Bodies Exp. i . 

o- ' ioid. 

Of Abundance of Nitre in certaine Sea-Sheares. Exp. i . pag. ij>4 

Of Bodies borne vp by water. Exp. 1, ibid. 

Of FueUconfumingtittle or nothing, Exp.i. ibid. 

Of cheapeFueff. Exp.i. P3g<i5>5 

Of Gathering of wind for Frejbnejfe. Exp. i . ibid. 

OfTrialisofAires. Exp.i, ibid. 

Of IncreafiniMilkein Milch-Beafis.Exp. 1 . ibid. 

Of Sand of tfje Nature of GlaJJe. Exp.i. pag'ip^ 

Of the Growth of CoraU. Exp.i. ibid. 

Of the Gatheringof Manna. Exp.i. ibid, 

Of.CorreBingofmnes. Exp.i. ibid. 

OfBitumen, one of the Materials of mlde-Fire. Exp. i. p^. 1^7 

Of Plafier growing as hard as Marble, Exp, i. ibid. 

Of the Cure offome Vlcers and Hurts. Exp. i . ibid. 


OftheHealthfulnejfeorVnhealthfulnejfeofthe Southernemnd. Exp.l. ib. 

Of wounds made with Brajfe^ andwith Iron. Exp. i . 

Of Mortification by Cold. Exp.l. 

Of weight. Exp.l. 

Of Super-Natation of Bodies, Exp. i . 

Of the Flying of Vnequall Bodies in the Aire. Exp. i , 

Of water that it may be the Medium of Sounds, Exp. 1 . 

Of the Flight of the Spirits vfon odious ObieBs. Exp. i , 

OftheSuper-XefiexionofEccho's, Exp.i, 

Of the Force of Imagination imitating that of the Senfe. Exp. 1. 

Of Prefer uation of Bodies. Exp. I . 
. - (>fthe Growth, or Multiplying ofMetalis. Exp. i . 
j x0f4hUrimniHgthefnorebafeMetaUinthemorePreticMS' Exp. i. ibid. 






pag. a 00 



The Table. 

Of FixMionof Bodies. Exp. I, pag. 201 

Of the Rejilejj'e Nature of Things in ThetnflueSytnd their D efire to Change. 

Exp. I. ibid. 

Century. 1 X. 


OF Perception in Bodies Infenfiblty tending to Naturdl Diuinationy 
andSubtiliTyiai/s. Exp. 30. 
Of the Caufes of Appetite in the Stomach, Exp 
Of Sweet ne If e ef odour from the Rain-Bow. E xp. r . 
Of Sweet Smells. Exp. 1. 
Of the Cerporeall Sub fiance of Smells. E xp . I . 
Of Fetide and Fragrant Odottrs. Exp. i. 
Of the Caufes tf PutrifatVton. Exp. i. 
Of Bodies vnperfeBly Mixt. E xp. i . 
OfConcoBin andCrudity. Exp. I. 
Of Alter at ions^ which may be called Maiors. E xp. i . 
Of Bodies Liquefiable, and Not Liquefiable. Exp. i. 
Of Bodies Fragile and Tough. Exp. i . 
' Of thetwo Kindesef Pncurnaticalsin Bodies. Exp. I. 
Of Concretion andDiffolution of Bodies. Exp . I . 
Of Bodies Hard and Soft. Exp. i. 
Of Bodies D uBile and Tenjile, Exp. r . 

Of SetieraUPaJsions of Matter, and CharaSfers of Bodies, Exp. i, ibid. 
Of Induration by Sympathy. Exp.l»>' ^ ' pag.217 

Of Exp. I. ibid. 

Of tk Finer fort efBafe Metals. Etp.T. ibid. 

Ofcertaine Cements and Quarries. Exp. i. ibid. 

Of the Altering of Colours in Hairesand Feathers. Exp. I. pag. 218 

Of the Differences of Ltvinv^ Creatures ^ Mak and Female, Exp. i . ibid. 
Of the Cemparatiue Magnitude »f Liui>ig Creatures. Exp. I . pag. 21^ 

pag. 203 
pag. 2 09 

pag. 2 10 


pag. 212 


pag. 214 

pag. 215 


pag. 21^ 

Of Producing Fruit without Coare or Stone. Exp* i . 

Of the Melieration of Tobacco. Exp. r. 

Of Seuerall Heats workingthi fame EjfeBs. Exp. i. 

Of Swelling and Dilatation in Boiling. Exp. I . 

Of the Dutcoration of Fruits. Exp. i . 

Of Fkfh Edible, and not Edible. Exp. I . 

Of the Salamander. Exp. r . 


pag. 220 



0/ the Contrary Operations ofTifTte^vpon Fruits and Liquors. Exp. i . p.a 2 2 
OfBlowesandBruifis. Exg,i. . ibid. 

I Of the Orris Root.' Exp. fr ^ ibid. 

' Of the Comprejiion of Liquors. Exp. i . ibid. 

Of the working of water vpon Aire Contiguous. Ep. i, pag. 223 

Of the Nature of Aire. Exp. r. ibid. 

-■__ ?L 

The Table. 



OftheEjesandfighf, Exp, 7. 

Of the Colour of the Sej, or other n'ater. Exp. i . 

OfsheU-jiPj.Exp.i. ^ 

Of the Right Sideband the Left. Exp. i. 

Of Frisians. Exp. i. 

Of Globes appejringfiat at dijlance. Exp. i. 

Of shadowes. Exp. i. 

Of the Rowling and Breaking of the Seas . Exp. i . 

Of the Didcoratitn ofsdtivater. Exp. r. 

Of the Returne of Saltnejj'e in Pits by the Sea-Sheare. Exp. 

Of AttraBionby Similitude ofsubjlance. Exp. r. 

Of AttraBion. Ex^,i. 

Of Heat vnder Earth. Exp. I. 

Of Flying in the Aire. Exp. i . 

Of the Scarlet Dye. Exp. i. 

Of Maleficiating. Exp. I . 

Of the Rife of Liquors^ or Powders^ by meanes of Flame. Exp. i . 

Of the Influences of the Moone. Exp. 8. 

Of P'inegar. E xp. i . 

Of Creatures that fleepeaUhyinter. Exp. i. 

Of the Generating of Creatures by Co^iilation^^ by Putrifaciion. 





pag. 22(? 









pag. 228 

pag. 230 


Century X. 


Of the Tranfmijiion and Influx of Immateriate Venues^ and tbcj 
Force of Imagination y whereof there be Ex^erimems Monitory 
three y In al^. Exp. 11. P3g«233 

[ OfEmifion of SpiritsinFa^our^or Exhalation fidour-like.Exp.i (?. p.2 34. > 
Of Emipons of SpirituaU Species ^which affeB the Senses. Exp. i . pag. 2 4! ^ 
Of Emifion of Immateriate rertues, from the mindes, and Spirits of Men^ 


by AJfeBions^ Imagination y orother ImpreJ^iens. Exp. 21. 
Of the fecret Vertue of Sympathy^ and Antipathy. Exp. ? ^. 
Of SecretVertues andProprieties. Exp.i. 
Of the GeneraU Sympathy of Mens Spirits. Exp. i . ' "' ^^ 

... ... , .T 


pag. 249 
pag. 2 57 

pag. 2 58 









A VVorkc vnfinishcd. 

I VVritteii by the Right Honourable, Francis 
LordVerulamJ^iJcount S'. ^Jlban, 

t :4 JL 'L 


1 ' 


; ^y^ ;;?s^S^g><^gy>^^- F^^,/>Qf f^^^'^?^g^ 

To the Read 


;?^3T5^ssssHj5 p^yig fny i^Qy^ deuifed, to the 
cn^ that Hee might exhibit there- 
in, a i5\4odell or T)elcription of a 
College y inlliicuted for the fmerpre^ 
tw^ of ^atuye i and the Producing of ^reat 
And M^rueUous fVor^s, for the 'Benefit of c5V/fn • 
Vnderthe Name oi Salomons Houje, or the CoL 
lege of the Six Dajes Worl^. And euen fo farre his 
Lordfhip hath proceeded, as to finifli that Part. 
Certainly the Modell is more Vail, and High, 
than can pofsibly be imitated in all things • Not- 
withftandini^ moft Thinj^s therein arc within 
Mens Power to effecH:. [-\is Lordfflup thought al-j 
fo m this prefent Fable^io haue compofed a Frame j 
of La\reT, or of the befl State or Mould of a Com^ \ 
motiAveahh ; Butfore-feeingit would bee along; 
"Worke, his Defire of Colledling the Sl\(a[urall 
Hiftone diuerted him, which He preferred many 
degrees before it. 

This VVorke of the JA^f» oyitlamis ( as 

a 2 much 


much as conccrneth the Bnglijh €iiition)his Lord^ 
/hip defign^d for this place ; In regard it hath fo 
neare Affinity (in one part of it) with the Pre- 
1 ce d i ng ^aturaO Hiftory . 



^ E E failed from Peru, ( where wee had 
conunucd by the ipace of one whole 
ycarc,)fQt China ai\d lapatij^y the South 
Sea ; taking with vs ViAu<iisfor twcluc 
Moncths J Andliad good Winds from 
the Eart, though loft and wcakc, for 
fiuc Moneths /paccand more. But then 
the Wind cainc about, and Icf led in rhc 
Weft for many dayes, foa^ we could make htrlc or no way, 
and were iomctimes in purpofc to turnc backc.But then againe 
thcrcaroic Strong and Great Winds from the South, wuha 
Point EUl; which carried Vs vp,(for all that wc could doc) to- 
wards the North : By which time our Vidluals failed vs, 
rhough wee had made good fpare of them. So that finding 
ourlelutSjin thcMidilot thcgrcatctl Wildcrncflc of Waters 
in the World, without Viiluall, wee gaue our Sclucs forloft 
Men, and prepared tor death. Yet wedid lift vpourHcarts 
and Voices to G o D aboue, yoho fljeweth hii Wonders in the 
Deepe ; Befceching him of his Mercy, that as in the Bd-gin- 
ning Hcc difcoucred the Face of th« Deepe , and brou2;ht 
forth Dr/>.L/T«afi Sohewouldnow difcoucr Landcovs, that 
we nought not perifh. And it came to paflc, that the next 
Day about Eucning, wc faw within a Kenning before vs, to- 
wards the North, as it were thickc-Clouds, which did put 
vs in fomc hope of Land ; Knowing how that part of the 
South-Sea was vtterly unknownc ^ And might hauc Iflands 
or Continents, that hitherto were not come to light. Where- 
fore wcbcnt ourcourfc thither, where wee faw the Appca- 

a 5 rancc 

!^rp <t4tUntii, 

rancc of Land, all that night ; And in the Dawning of the 
next Day, wee might plainly difcernc that it was a Land, Flat 
to our fight, and full of Bofcagc; which made it fticw the 
more Darke. And after an Houreand ahalfes Sayiing, wcecn- 
trcd into a good Hauen, being the Port of a faire City • Not 
great indeed, but well built, and that gauc a plcafanc view 
from the Sea : And wee thinking euery Minute long, till wee 
were on Land, cameclofe to the Shore, and offered to land.Bat 
firaightwayes wee faw diuersof the People, with Ballons in 
their Hands, (as it were) forbidding vs to land ; Yet without 
any Cryes or Ficrcencflc , but onely as warning vs off, by 
Signcs that they made. Whereupon being not a little difcora' 
forted, wee wcrcaduifing with our felues, what wee lliould 
doe. During which time, there made forth tovsa fmall Boat, 
wiihaboucciiiht Pcrfons in it; whereof One of them had in 
his f^and a Tipftaffc of a yellow Cane, tipped at both ends 
with Blew, who made aboard our Ship, without any lliew 
of Diflruflat all. And when hcfaw one of our Number, pre- 
/cnthimfclfefomewhat afore iherefl, hee drew forth alitilc/ 
Scrouleof Parchment (fomcwhat yellower than our Parch- j 
ment, and Ihining like the Lcaucs of Writing Tables, buto-j 
therwifcfoft and flexible,) and deliuered it to our fonnoft[ 
Man. In which Scroule were written in Ancient Hebrew, and i 
in Ancient Greeke, and in good Latine of thcSchooic, and in j 
Spani^fihcCc words ; Landjse not, none of you, and prouideto 
begone,from thu Q)ajl,t»ithmfixteene dayes, except you haue fur- 
ther time giuenyou:M.eane-'Vfhile^if you Tvant FrefJAVater^or ViCiu- 
aUj or hclpeforyourSicke,or thaty our Ship needetb rep,iire, y»rite-, 
downeyour yp ant shandy ouJhaD haiie that yobich belongeth to Mercy, 
This Scroule was figned witha Stampe of Cheruhim IVings^not 
fpred, but hanging do wne wards i Andbythema(}-o/£'. This 
being deliuered, the Officer returned, and left onely a Scruant 
with vs to receiuc our Anfwer. Confulting hereupon a- 
mongfl our Sciues, wee were much perplexed. The Dcniallof 
Landing,andHaftyWarningvsaway, troubled vs much ; On 
the other fide, tofindcthat the People had Languages, and 
were Co full of Humanity, did comfort vs not a little. And a- 


5^(€^a> Atlantis. 

bouc all the Si^nc of the Croffe to chat Inilrumcnt, was to vs 
a i^rcac Rcioyang, and as ic were a ccrra/nc Prcfagc ot Good. 
Our All! wer was in the Spmifh tongue ; That for our Ship, it^ -^ell j For-Sffe bad rather met mth Calmes and contrary yoinds, 
than any Tempgfls. For our Sicke, they ycere many, and in y>ery ill 
i Cafe ; So that if they vosre not permitted to Land, they ran danger of 
their Liues. Our other Wants wecfct: downc in particular, ad- 
GiDg j ThatTPe hadfome little fiore of Merchandise, Tohicbif it^ 
pUajcdthem todealefor^ itmightfupply our Wants, -without being 
ch.irgeablet>mo them.'Wc offered iomc Rcvvard in Pittoiets vnto 
the SeruaaCj and a pcccc ef Crimfon Vcluet to be presented to 
the Officer :S\n thcScruarat tookcthcm nor,iior would fcarce 
lookcvponthcmi Andfolefc vs, and W(?ntbackc in another 
little Bjac which wasfcnt for him. 

About three Mourcs after we had di/patchcd our Anfwcr, 
rherc came towards vs, a Pcr(on (as it fecmedj of placc.He had 
on him a Gowne with wide Sleeues, of a kmde of Wacer 
Chamolct, of an excellent Azure Colour, farre more glofly 
than ours: His vnder Apparcll was g«-eenc ; And fo was his 
Hat, being in the forme of a Turban, daintily made, and 
notio huge as the Tttrkifh Turbans ; And the Lockes of his 
Haii;c came dowtic below the Brimmes of it. A Rcuercnd 
Vlan was he to behold. Hec came in a Bear, gilt in fomepan 
of if, with fourcPerfons more onely in chat Boat; And was 
followed by another Boat, wherein were fome Twenty. 
When hec was come within a Fiight-diot of our Ship, 
Signcs were made to vs, that wee fhould fend forth fome to 
meet him vpon the Water, which wee prcfcntly did in our 
Ship-Boar, fending the principall Man amooglf vs faue 
one, and lourc of our Numb.-r wiiih him. When wee were 
come within fix yards of their Boat , they called to vs to 
ilay, andnottoapproach'further, which wee did. And ihere- 
vpon the Man, whom I before defcribed, flood vp, and with 
a'loud voice, in 5/)4»//6, asked, AreyeeCbriflians? Weeanlwc- 
red; Wes'^erei fearing the IcfTe, becaufeot the Croffe vvchdiA 
fecnc in the Subfcription. Ac which Anfwcr the faid Pcrlon 
life vp his Right Hand cowards Heaucn, and drew it fofdy 



JA(<?»' zAtlantis. 

ro his Mouth (which h the Gcfturc they vfc, when they. 
rhankc G o d v ) And tncn (aid ; i/yee-»illf'a>ear£, (allo/you,) by ) 
the Merits of the S A v i o v K^thAtyearenoPirates-.Norbaue/hed 
blonde h->vf!i!Jy, nor '^nlawfully^ foithm forty dayes pafi •, you way 
haue LicenfetocomeonLand. Wc faid ; We were aJi ready t» take 
that Oath. Whereupon one of thofcthat were with him, being 
fasitfcemcd) zNotarie, made an Entry of this A£t. Which 
done, another of the Attendants of the Great Pcrfon, which 
with him in the fame Boat, after his Lord had Ipokcn 



a linic CO him, (aid aloud ; My Lord would haue you knorv.that it 
if not of Pride, or Greatasfe, that hecommeth not aboardjour Ships 
But far that, inyour Anfwer, you declare^ that you baue manySicke \ 
nmongUyoih he ■^a^*tpamedby the Confcruator 0/ Health^ of the 
City, that hee/houldkeepe a diftance. VVcc bowed our. fcluci to- 
wards him, aiidanfweted; Wee "VPsre his humble Seruants -^ And 
accounted for great Honour, artdfingular Humanltj towards evs.^ 
that -which yviU already done ; But hoped "VfeQ, that tbe Nature, of 
the Sicknejfe, of our Men, wm not infeCtiom . So he rcturncdi And 
awhilcattcrcamethcNsr^rytovs aboard our Ship ; Holding 
in his hand a Fruic ot that Country, like an Orengc, bur ofco 
lour bcfwcenc Orenge-iawncy and Scarlet ; which caft a 
tnolfcxccllcnrOJour. He vredii(asic/ccmeth} for a Prc(er- 
uanucagainrt Infcdion. Hegaucvsour Oath ; BjtbeNaraeof 
le/uf, and his Merits : And after told vs, that the ncxc day by | 
fix of the Clocke in the Morning, we (hould bccfcnt to, and 
brought to the Strangers Houfe, (fo hcc called if,j where wc 
Oiouldbcacomtnodatcd of things, both tor our whole, and 
for our Sicke. Sohclefc vs ; And when we offered him (omc 
Piftoiecs, hcfmilmsr, faid ; Hee mufi not bee twice paid f)ronc-. 
Labour: Meaning (as I take it) that he had Salary fufficienc of 
tUc State for his Scruicc. For (ail after learned J they call an 
Officer that taketh Rewards, Tmce-paid. 

The next Morning early, there came to vs the iamc Officer, 
that came to vs at firll with his Cane, and cold vs , Heecameto 
conduB ys to the Strangers Houfej Andthathehadpreuentedtbc^ 
Houre, becaufe TJ>tf might haue the Tphole day before ys, for our Bit- 
fine fe. For (laid he) If you ys)iIlfollo)v my Aduice, there fhallfirfi^ 


goe yoithmefome/sy^ ofyou\i5fjee the place ^andho^v it may be tmde 
conmnientpr yoUyAnd then you may fend for your Sick^andtberefl 
of your Number-^ whicbyse yptll bringon Land. Wcc thanked him, 
and h\d;That this Qare;^hich he tooke of de folate Strangers^ God 
would re'^ioarde.- And fo fixe of vs went on Land with hixnt 
And when wcc were on Land, hcc went before vs, and turned 
CO vs, and laid j Hee ycxu but our Seruant, and our Guide. Hee led 
vs through three faire Streets; And all the Way we went, there 
were gathered fomc People on both (ides,ftanding in a Row ; 
But in lo ciuill a faftiion, asifithadbeene, not to wonder at 
vji, but to welcome vs ; And diucrs of them, as wcepafled by 
them, put their Arraesa httlc abroad; which is their Gefture, 
when they bid any welcome. ThcStrangers Houfeisahitc 
and fpacious Houle, built of Brick , of fomewhat a blewcr 
Colour than our Brick, And with handfomc Windowes, 
fomc of Glade, lome of a kindc of Cambrick oyl'd. Hee 
brought vsfirfl into a faire Parlour abouc ftaires, and then 
asked ws^Wbat number of Perfons Toeyoere} And hoypmanyfck ? 
we aniwcrcd, JVee yeere in all^ (fck andfphole) oneandjifty Per- 
fbnSy'^hereof our fckffierefeuenteene. Hcc 6cfitcd vs to hauc pa- 
tience a little , and to ftay till became backc to vs; which wai 
about an Hourc after; And then heeled vs to fee the Cham- 
bers, whtch were prouidcd for vs, being in numbcrnincteene.. 
Theyhauingcaftic (as it feemcth} thatfourcofthofc Cham- 
bers, which were better then the refl, might receiuefoure of 
the principall Men of our Company; And lodge them alone 
jby thetnfelucs; And the other 15. Chambers were to lodge 
vs,two and two together. The Chambers were handfomc 
and chcare'ull Chambers, and furnillied ciuilly. Then hee 
led vs to a long Gallery, like a Dorturc, where hee fhewed 
V5 all along the one fide (for the other iide was but wall and 
window,) feuentcene Cells, very neat ones, hauing partitions 
of Cedar wood. Which Gallery, and Cells, being in all for- 
ty, (many more tlicii wc needed,) were inftirutcdasan Infir- 
mary for fick Perfons. And hee told vs withall, that as any of 
our Sick waxed well, hee might be rcmoucd from his Ccll,ta 
a Chamber : For which purpofe, there were (et forth ten 

B I fparc 

— — — . - • ■ - -fc— --, — I III ^ - ■ . • 

^eyi> Mantu. 

(pare Chambers, bcfidcs ibc Number wee ipakcof before. 
This done, hcc brought vsbackc to the Parlour, and hfiing vp 
his Canea little, (astbcy doc when they giucaoy Chargcor 
Command) (aid to vs ; Tee arc to knoyo that the Qujleme of the 
Landrequiretbf that after thu day, and to morrow,(T»hicb ypegiue 
you fir remouingofyour people from your Shi^p,) youaretokeepe 
■within dooresfir three dayes. But let it not trouble you, nor doe not 
thinkeyourfehtes reftrainedy but rather left to your ^fi and Eafe. 
Tou fhall "^ant nothings and there are fix of our People appointed 
to attend you,, for any Bufineffeyou may baue abroad. We gauc him 
thankcs, with ail AfFcdion and Rcfpe(^, and (aid ,• God furely 
ii manifefledin thu Land. Wee offered himalfo twenty Pi(lo- 
Ictsj Buthcfmilcd,and oncly(aid}^/!;<«/i'rs>/V^/)4f^/And(o 
hcelcfc vs. 5oonc after our Dinner was ferued in ,• Which was 
right ^ood Viands, both for Bread, and Meat : Better than 
any Collegiate Diet, that I haue kaownc in Europe. Wee had 
aUo Drinkc of three forts, all wholcfomc and good ; Wine o{ 
the Grape i A Drinke of Grainc, (uch as is with V5 our Ale, but 
more cleare : And a kindc of Sider made of .a fruit of that j 
Countrey j A wonderfullpieafingand RcfrcfliingDrinke.Bc- 
fidcs, there were brought in to vs, great (lore of thofc Scarlet 
O^cnges, for ourSickcj which (thcyfaid) were an afTured Re- 
tncd) for (ickneiTc taken at Sea. There wasgiucn vsallo,a Box. 
of (mall gray, or whitifh Pils, which they witlicd our Skkc 
(houldtake, ©ncaf the Pills cuery rwghi beforcfleepe ; which 
(they faid j would haften their Rccouery. The next day, after 
that ourTroubleof Carriage,and Rcmouing ofour Mcn,and 
Goods out of our Shipp, was fomcwhat (ctled and quier^ I 
thought good to call our Company together ; and when th?y 
n'ercafTctnblcdjfaid vncothcmiA(^</^<«r^ Friends',LetiJsknow 
ourfelues^andhow itfl4ndetb yoitb ^vs. We are Men cajl on Land^cu 
lonas ypasy out of the Whales Belly, Tohen rfee Tpere cu buried in the 
Deepe : And now wee are on Land, yoee are but betweene Death and 
Life iFor'VPe are bey ondyboth theOld World andtheTSLsw, And whe- 
ther euer wee fhaU^ee Europe, God onely knoweth. It uakindeof 
Miracle hath brought rvs hither : And it mufi bee little lefe, that 
/ball bring *vsbence.Tberfore iuregard ofour Deliuerance pa/},and 
I our 


our d.tngerprefent^ and to come^ let <vs looke yp to God, and ciary 
mm refotme bis oxvns "^^ayes. Be fides we are come here amoHgft a 
Chridian People, full oj 'Piety and Humanity. Let a's ttot bring 
that Conjufionof facenjponourfelues^cu tofbewournjices^ er^n- 
wortbineffe before them:Yet tbere u more. For they haus by Comman- 
dem.ent, {though in forme ofCourtefie) Chifired "Vj wV/'/w thefe 
Walls for three dayes : Who knoweth, -whether it be not., to take foMe 
tafi of our manners and conditions ? And if they finde them bad, to 
bmilj) Dsfireight-ypayes ; ifgoodjtogiue <^s further time. For thefe 
Men, that they haue giuen iPs for Attendance^ may yoithall haue an 
eye rypon rvs Therefore for Gods loue.andoj yre hue the yoeale of 
our Sonles and Bodies ., let<vs fo bebaueourfelues^ at vpe may be at 
peace mth G o D.and may finde grace in the Eyes of this People. Our 
Company with one voice thanked me for my good Admo- 
iiition, and promilcd mc to liuc iobcrJy and ciuiJly, and 
wiihoucgiumganythelcaltoccafion of Offence. So wc (pent 
our three daycs ioyfully, and without care, in cxpciflation 
what would be done with vs, when they were expired. Du- 
ring which time, wee had eucryhourc ioy of the Amend- 
ment of our Sick; who thought themfclucs cad into iovnc 
Diuine Poole q^ Healing-yThcy mended fo kindcly,and (o faH:. 
The Moiow after our three dayes were paft, there came to 
vs a new Man, that we had not iecnc before, clothed in Blew 
as the former was, faue that his Turban was white with a 
fraall red Crode on the Topp. He had alfo a Tipper of fine 
Linnen. At his Comming in, he did bend to vsalittle, and 
put his Armc5 abroad. Wee of our Parts falutcd him in a very 
lowly and fubmifsiuc manner; As looking that from him, 
wtc(hould recciue Sentence of Life, or Deatti. Heedefired ro 
fpcakcWithfomcfcwofvs:Whcrevpon fixofvs oncly fhyed, 
and iIk rcfl: aaoydcd the Roome. Hcfaid; I am by Ofjjce Go- 
usmour of this Houfe of Strangers, is" by Vocation lama Chri (Haft 
Pricft yA'id therefore am co offeryou myferuice.both its 
Strangers, and chief y oj Chriftians. Some things I may tell you, 
•^hich I thinke youxpiU not belpnwillingto hcatej be State hath gi- 
uen you Licence to flay on Land. for thefpaee offix T»eehs : Ahdlet 
itnottroubhyoujifyour occafions askejfurtber time,forthe La^tpin I 

b 1 thu 


J\(jn> (iyitlantii. 

this point u notprecifiiAnd I doe not doubt, but my {elfe fhall be able 
to obtaine f or yoUyjuch further time^cu may be conuenient.Te (hall al- 
foiunderftand, f/b^^f/bi? Strangers Houic, isatthu time Rich, and 
much aforehand-y For it hath laid ^vp Reuenew thefe t^-j.jeares: 
For Jo long it Uyjince my Stranger arriuedin thu part : And tber- 
fore takeyee no carej^he Scatc Tpill defray jou all the time you flay: 
Neither JbaOyou flay one day the leffefor that .As for any Merchant 
di^eye haue br ought yye/hnll be ypelli/fedy and hatteyour remmejii- 
\ ther in Merchandise^ or in Gold and Siluer : For to <vs it is all one. 
And if you haue any other ^quefl to make, hide it not. Foryee (hall 
finde, ypeewill not makejaur (Countenance to falljbythe anfvper ye 
jhallrcceiue. Onely thif I mufltellyoUythatnoneofyoumuflgoea- 
boueaKatna, (thatis with thcmaMilcandan halfcj fromthe^ 
-ncalles of the Citty^mthout efpeciallkaue. Wc anfwercd, after we 
had looked a while vpon one another, admiring this graci- 
ous and parent like vfagcj That ypee could not tell Tnhat to fay: 
Foryoee "foamed y^ords to expreffe our Thanks, And his Noble free 
offers lefiys nothingto aske.It feemedto'vs ,that '^ehadhfore'ps 
apiBure (?/o«r Saluation in Hcaucn : Fory^'e thaf»ere aypbile 
fince in the lafPes of Death, yperenow brought into aplaceyphere -jpe- 
found nothing but Confolations. For the Commandemmt layd 'Vpon 
fvs^'^ee •^otddnot faile te obey itythough if^cu impofibie, but our 
Hearts Jhould beenflamed to tread further <^pm thu Happy and 
Holy Ground^ Wee added; That our Tongues Jhouldfirfl cleans to 
the Roofes efour Mouthes^ere "^efhouldforgetyCitber his R euerend 
Perfmy or this Tfhole Nation, in our Prayers. Wee alfo moft hum- 
bly befoughi him to accept of vs as his true fcruants, by as 
iufta Right, as euer Men on Earth were bounden; laying and 
prcfenting, both our Perfons, and all wc had at his fcctc. Hce 
(aid i He Txtos a Priefl, and looked for a Pricfls reward-^ yphich -^ai 
our Brotherly leue, and the Good of our Soulesand Bodies. So he ( 
wcntfromvs, not without tcares of Tcndcrncflcinhis Eyes, 
And left vs alfo confufed with ioy and kindncfTc, iaying a- 
mongftourfclucsiT^dt "^ee yvere come into a Land ofAngells, 
ffibieb didappeare to<vs dayly^ndpreuent los foitb Comforts {^hicb 
IPC thought n»t of, much lejfg expeiled. 

The next day about lo., of the Clockc, the Gouernour 


^en> Atlantis, 

-f^^— — 

vametovs agninc, and after Saluracions, fiid familiarly; That 
heycaicometo 'vifit a'j, And called for a Chairc, and (at him 
downo; And wee being fomc lo. ofvi fchcrcd were of the 
meaner (orrj or clfe gone abroadi 3 fat downc with him, And 
When wee were fctt, he began thus. Wee of this I/land of Benfa 
lem C for 'fo they call it in iheir Language) 'haue thi<, That by 
fkcAfies of our folitary Situation^mdofthe Lawes of Secrecy^ yphich 
Mice haue for our Trauellers and our rare Admipon of Strangers', 
Tvce know -^ell mo ft part of the Habitable World, and are our jelues 
ntnkifowne Therefore becaufe hee that knoweth leajl^ is fitteflto 
a^ke §}usfliomitii more Reafon^for the Entertainment of the time, 
thatyee aske me §}neflions, than that laskejou. Wee aufwcrcd; 
That ypee humbly thanked hinty that he weuld gius njs leatte fo to 
doe • And ihnt ^r concerned by the tafte "^ee had already, that there 
yfiiii no ^vorldiy thing on Earth, more vporthy te be knowne, than the 
State of that happy Land. ButabotdeaQ (wee (zid) fttce that Tve 
yoere mcttjrom tbefeuerall Ends of the world, and hoped ajjuredly, 
that wee fJmdd meet one day in the Kmgdomc of Hcaucn (for 
that wee were both Parts Chriftians) we dfjtred to know (in re- 
jpeCl that Land was fo remote^ and fo diuidedby n^/l md yn- 
knowne SeiU,from the Land^wber our S a v i o vr walked on Earth) 
who wcu the ApoHlc of that Nation^ and bowHi nxu conuertedto 
r/^^y^/f^nt appeared in his face, that he tookc great Content- 
ment in this our QucfhoH : Hee /aid; T^ Aw/ my Heart to you, 
by asking thii §)neflionin the firfl place -^ For itfheweth thatyoa 
Fir ft feekc the Kmgdomc of Hcauenj And tfljoQ gladly, and briefly, 
fatiifieyour demand. 

About tmnty Teares after the Afcention ofour'^ a v r b vr,/V came 
to pafe^rhat t ht re was jeene by tlje people y/ R e n fu f a , ( '^ City ypon 
the Ea/lcrnc Co.'ift of our IJl^md,) within Night, (the Night WOJ 
Cloudy and Calme,).iJ it might befomemile into the Ssa,agrMt Film 
lur of Light, Notjlmrp.but in forme of a Columne, or Cylinder//- 
jingfrom the Ss:i, agreatwayyptou>ards Bam^n^andon thetopp 
ojit was [eenc nlnrgeCreffe of Light, more bright and refplendent 
than the Body of the Pillar. Vponwhich fofhange a Spetlacle ^the 
People of the Citty gathered a pace together ypon the Sands to won^ 
dcr; And fo after put themfelues into a number offmaU Boats togoi 

b } nearer) 


3S(evp (t/ft/antis. 

nearer to thit M.^rueilouifght,Bitt when the Boats ivere come svith- 
in (about) 60. yards of the Miliar, tbey found themfeluss all bounds 
and could goe no further^ yetfo cu they might moue to goe about, but 
might not aproach nearer : So as the Boats flood all <u in a Thea- 
ter, beholding thU Light, CU an Heauenly Signe. It Jo fell out^ that 
there ypAt in one efthe Boates, one of the Wife Menfijtbe Society of 
Salomons Houfcj "^phich Houle or, Co\\z^gc{my good Brethren) 
is the <-very Eye of this Kingdome ; Who hauing a ypbile attentiuely 
Sanddeuoutly yiewedy and contemplated this ^ilUr, and Crofe,fell 
downs rupon his face j And then raifedhimfefe /vpon his knees, and 
lijting '■vp his Hands to Heauen, made his praters in this manner. 

LOrd God of Heauen and Earth j thou hajl 
youchlafedofthy (jrace^ tothoJeofourOv^tx^to 
f^o'U> thy Workes of (^reation, and the Secrets ofthem\ 
(L/^nd to di/cerne (oifarre as appertaineth to the (^e^ 
nerations ofMen^ beiy^eene *Dmine Miracles jWorl^s 
of V^twre^ \Vor\s of Arty and Impollnres, and lUu^ 
jions oj all forts, f doe here acknoy^ledge andteflifie 
before this 'People y that theThingrfhich meno'^Jee 
before our eyeSyis thy Finger,4»^<i true Miracle. yf«^ 
for^as-muchyOsKipe learnein our^ool^Sy that thoune^ 
uer Wor\eJl Miracles, but to a Diuine and Excellent 
End, (for theLafpes of J^ature are thine oyane 
Lax»esy and thou exceedeft them not but ypon great 
caufe ) ypee mofi humbly befeech thee to profj)er this 
great Si^ne, <iAnd to giue ys the Interpretation and 
'vfe of it in Mercy-, IVhtch thou doejf injome partfe^ I 
cretly promife, by fending it vnto vs. 

When hee made hit Prayer, hee pre fently found the 'Boate hee 
ypas injmoueable isf "prtbound^yphere as aBthe refi remained ft iOfafl^ 
JndtakingthatforanafurancecfLeaue toaproacb,hee caufedthej 

Boate j 

tT^eJip (ty^tlantii. 


Boat to be foftly^and yoithfilencero'^sd toypardi the IWhx.But ere 
ha cameneere it^ the Pillar and Crodeo/ Light brake ^p, andcaft 
'• itfelfe abroad^ as it were^ into a Firmament ofmanyiS tarres -, ychich 
j aljo -vanifljedfoone after, and there ypoj nothing left to befeenjmt a 
]/mall Arke, or Cliclt o/Ccdar, dry, and not yvet at all ynith ycater^ 
though it /warn. And in the Foremen d of it, -which TiUj towards him, 
grew aftnallgreene Branch ofPalme ; JndTphenthe'tffife man had 
taken it fmith aUreuerenceJntohuBoatJt openedof it [elf e, and there 
•^^re found in it, a ^ookc^and a Lciux, Both yoritten in fine Parch- 
ment, and wrapped in Sindons ofLinnen . The Bookc conteincdaU 
the Canonicail Books of the Old andNcyfv TcRjtncm^according 
\ as you haue them } {For Spe know ypeS -siohat the Churches mthyou 
receiue,) And the A^oci\y\)k it felfe ^^Andfome other Bookes ofthe 
New Tdhmciity^bich-verenot at that time written, werenetier- 
thclejfe in the Booke. And for the Letter, it Teas in thefe ypords. 

1 Bartholomew, a Seruant of the Highefly a?ii 
^fofile oflESVS Christ, yipos vparnedby 
an iJngell that appeared to mte, inavifion of ^lory^ I 
that I jlkidd commit this Arke to theflouds of the Sea, i 
7 hereforef doe tejlifie and declare, vnto that 'People, 1 
'U'bere God fhall ordaine this Arkc to come to Land, \ 
that in the fame day is come ynto them Saluation, and' 
Teace, andCjOod Willy from the Father, and from the 
Lord Iesvs. 

There alfo in both thefe writings,as -^eU the Booke, aj the 
Letrer, wrought a great Miracle, Conforms to that of the Apodlcs, 
in the Original! G < f "c o/ Fo n gucs . For there being at that time^ in 
this Land^ Hcbrcwcs, Pcrfians, and Indians, befidcs the Natines, 
euerjonc readevpon the Book, if thej had been'Vfrit- 
ten in hu owne Language. And tbtu yecu thu Landfaued from in. ' 
fidelity, (cu the Remaine ofthe OldVVorld'nfa.tfrom Water) by an \ 

j ^x\s^through the ApcJIolicall and MiracuIoutEusn^chimc ofS. 
Bartholomew. And here hecpaufcd, and a Mcflcngcr came, 

V and 


OS(^Vp Atlantis, 


and called him forth trom vs. So this was all that p^flcd in that 

The next Day, the (ameGoucrnor came againcto vs, im- 
mediately after Dinner, and cxcufedhimfcltc, faying; That the 
Day before, he -^oj called from i;s^ fome'9phat abruptly ^but nom he 
ypouldmake ^s amends yandj^end time fpith. ysjf-inee held hu Com- 
pany, and Conjerence agreable. Wcc an fwercd ; That yeee held it fo 
agreable and pleafing tolPSy (U wee forgot both Dangers paj} and 
Fe4res to come, for the time vee heard him ^eake; And that wee 
tJjought an Houre ^ent with him, ypM "Oforth Teares of our firmer 
life. He bowcd^ himfclfc a litlcto vs, and after wc werefeta- 
gaine hecfaid; Well, the S^ueftions are on your part. One of our 
Number laid after a litlc Paufc; That there ypcu a Matter t^oee 
■^ere no lejfe defiroiu to know, thanfearefuU to aske, leafl roee might 
pre fume encouraged by hu rare Humauity toyvards ys, 
{that could fcarce thinke our felues Strangers Jbeinghii nijoyped and 
profeffed Semants,) yi>ee would take the Hardines to propound it : 
Humbly befeeching himyifhee thought it not ft to be anfyoered^that 
hee Tfjuld pardon it, though hereie6iedtt. Wc faid, We well obfer- 
uedthofe his Words, which be formerly f^ake, that this happy Iflmd, 
where wee now flood, wcis knowne to few, and yet knew mofl of the 
Nations of the Worldi which We found to be true, confidering they 
bad the Languages o/Europc, and knew much of our State and Bu- 
fines;Andyet we in Europe. («o? withfianding aB the remote Difco- 
ueries,and Nauigations oft his lafi Age)neuer heard any of the leaf} 
Inkling or Glimfe of this Ijland. This wee found wonderfu'^ flrange; 
For that all Nations haue Enterknowledge one of another, fither by 
Voyage into Forreine Parts, or by.Strangers that come to them: And 
though the TraueSer into a ForremeCountrey, doth commonly know 
more by the Eye, than he thatfiayeth at borne can by relation of the 
Traueller^Tet bothwayesfufficetomakeamutuall Knowledge, in 
fome degree, on both parts. But for this Ijland, wee neuer heard tell 
of any Shipp of their s,that had been feene to arriue ypon anyfhore of 
Europe; Nb, nor of either the Ealt or Weft Indies, nor yet of any 
Shipp of any other part of the World, that had made returns' from 
them. And yet the MarueU refted not in this. For the Situation of it 
{asbisLordJhipfaid,) in thefecret Conclaue qffucb a tvaft Sea 



mought caufg it. But then, that th(^fljoutd haue Km-vpledge of the 

Languages, Bookes, Affaires, oj thoje that ly£ fuch a diflancejrom 

them, it ^ffiU a thing ^ee could not tell yohat tx> make ofi For that it 

(eemedto'vs a condition and Propriety of Ditiine Poiversand "Be- 

ings^to bee hidden and^vnfeene to others, andyet to haue others open, 

andasin a light to them. Arthis ipccch the Goucrnourgauca 

gracious fmilc and (aid ; That 'V>ee didy\>el} to at ke pardon for 

thif §)ueflion "Veee now asked, For it imporud, (U if ypee thought 

I thCf Lnnd, a Land of Magicians, thatfent/ortb Spirits of the Ayre 

into aU parts, to bring them Nswes, and Intelligence of other Coun' 

i tries, Ic was anfwercd by vs all , in all poilibic humblcncs, 

biR yet with a Countenance caking knowledge , that wcc 

knew that he fpake it but merrily j r^<if SPee-^eere apt enough to 

[ thinke,there yDas fomewhatfupernaturaH in thif IJland,butyet rather 

J (U Angclicall thtin Magicall But to let hit Lordjhip knoxfe truly, vphat 

I it TVMjtbiit made ys tender and doubt^B toaskethu §)Uf(iion,it'»as 

\ not any fuch conceit, but becaufe TPtf remembred, hec had giuenai 

Touch in his formr Speech, that thit Land had Laves of Secrecy \ 

touching Strangers. To this he (aid',ro« remember it aright : And 

*tbereforeinthat IfhaU fay to you, Imujl referue fome particulars, 

yphich itifnotlaycfuQformetoreueale-Jmtthere rvillOe enough left, 

to ^iue youfttisfa6lion. 

Toufhalllpnderfiand{tbat "^bich perhaps you Tfillfcarce thinke ere** 
dible) that about three thoufand Tearesagoe,or fomeyphat more, the. 
NauigationofthcWorld (fpccially for remote Voyages) yoos greater 
than at thu Day. Doe not thinke ypithyour (elues, that Ikno^ not 
how much it U cncreafedmthyou, yptthin thefe threcfcore Tearcs : I 
know ifit>ell ; And yet I fay, greater then, than now : Whether it 
was, that the Example ojthe Ark, that jaued the Remnant of Men, 
from the vniucrlaH Dclugc,_^,.'Wtf Men confidence to aauenttirelop. 
on the Waters i Or what it woj ; but fuch it the truth. The Pbccni- 
cc2i]5,andjpecia}ly the Tynans, had great Fleets. So had the Car- 
vhagini"!n.s thdr Colony,which ic yet further Wefi Toward the Bafl 
the Skipping o/Egipt, and.if9i\ci\inawajlikwifegreat. China 
aljo,<tnd ^ he great .\t\3 mis, (that you call America) which haue 
[ now but lunks, and Ciino-z's, abounded then in tall Ships.Thrf Ijland, 
{asappeareth byfaithfuU Regifiersof thoje times) had thcnfiftcene 
■ c hundred 



^MeJi> d^t/antls. 

hundred ftrong Ships, of great content. Of all this, there is unthydu 
jpdring Memory fit none, 'But ypee haue large Kno'P^ledge thereof. 

At that time, thu Landypcu kw^ne and frequented by the Ships 

andFefJeJis of all the Nations' before named, And{cu it conmeth to 

paffe) they had many times Men of other Countries y that "ivere no 

S'lylersy that came y^iththcm^^AsVcidins, Chaldeans, Arabians; 

I So di almofi all Nations of Might and Fame reforted hither; Of 

1 ^/;o»Jj fee hauefomeStirps, and little Tribes ypitb^vs-y at thu day. 

^ And for our o^ne Shi^s, they TPent fmdry Voyages ^ as TveS to your 

Sitti'ghtSy'^hich ydu call the Pillars e>/Hcrculcs, As to other parts 

in the Aclantiquc <md Mediterranc Sca^ ; As to Paguin, {-^hicb 

ii the fame yeith Cambalaine) and Qii^lnzy, ypon the Orientali 

Sou, cufarre (U to the Borders of the Eafi Tartary. 

A t the fame time, and an Age after, or more, the Inhabitants oft he ^ 
great AiUnds didflourifb. For though the Narration andDefcrip- 1 
tion yplnch ii mads by a great Man yoithyoM^ that the Dependents I 
(7/Nc:pcunc planted there; and of the Magnificent Temple , PaUace, 
City , and HiQ\ and the mauifold fireames of goodly Naiiigahh 
^uers, (yvhich 04 fo many Chaines enuironed the fame Site, and 
TemplCf And ihefeueraQ Degrees of Afcent,-K>hereby Mend/dclim^ 
yp to thefame,£U if it had bin a Scala OxM; beaU Poeticall and Fa- 
bulow: Tetfo much is true, that the faidCountrey p/ Atlaotisj As 
■^ell thatofPcTU then called Coy Zj as that of Micxko then named 
Ty r^mhc\,yi>ere mighty and proud IQngdomes, in Armes, Shipping, 
and Riches : So mighty, as at one time, {or at leafl mthin thejpace 
ofio. T cares, ) they both made typo great Expeditions-, They of 
Tirzmbd thorow the Azhmquc to the Meditcrrane Sea; and 
they of Coya therow the South Sea <upon this our Jfland: And for 
the former of the fe,vphich Ti^OJ into Europe, the fame Authour a- 
mongfl yuu, {atit feemeih,) had fome relation from ?/j^ Egyptian 
Pjic{{:,Tf/;o/w he citeth.Forajfuredlyfuch a thing there ypOi.But W;r. 
therityoere the Ancient Athenians, that had the glory of the Re- 
pulfe,andRefifiance of thofe Forces^ I can fay nothing : But certain e 
it is there neuer came backe, either Ship, or Man, from that Voyage. 
Neither had the other Voyage of thofe of Coy 2 rvponys^bad better 
fortune if they hadnot met yoith Enemies of greater clemency For 
the Kingqftbif Iflnnd^^by mme Alrabin,) a yt>ife Man^andagreat 1 

Warrier, \ 

^h(jx^ (Atlantis. 

Warner j l\tJon>in^ yaeH both hi- oypne/ircn^t^^ and that of hu Ene- 
fnies ', handled the matter fo, cu hee cut ojf their Land- Forces, from 
their Ships i and entojledboth their Nauy, and their Campe, Tf>ith a 
greater Power than their sjjoth by Sea^ Land: And compelled them 
to render themfelues "Without flrikingflroke: And after they were at 
hit Mercy, contenting himfelfe only Tvith their Oathythat tlMyP)ould 
nomorebeare Armes againfl him^ dijmiffedthetn all infafety. But 
the DiuincRcucngc ouertookenot long after thofeproud Enter- 
prifes. Forypithinlejfethan the^ace of one Hundred Tearcs, the 
Grcac Atlantis Tta/ ivtterly loft and deflroyed : Not by agreatL. 
Earthquake^ your Man faith ^ ( For that yphole TraSi is little jub- 
ie6i to Eartthquakes j ) But by aparticular Deluge or Inundation ; 
Thofe Countries hauing,Atthu Day ^arre greater Riuers, andfarre 
higher Mountaines topowre do'ane ypaters, than any part of the Old 
World. But it ii true, that the fame Inundation ypcunot deepe j Not 
paft forty foot y in mofl places jrom the Ground, So that although it 
deftroyed Man and ^eaft generally, yetfomefew 'n>ild Inhabitants 
of the IVoodefcaped, Birds alfoyptrefaued by flying to the high Trees 
ist Woods F or OJ for Men,alt hough they had Buildings in manypla- 
ctSyhigher than the Depth of the Water j tet that Inundation^ though 
it '»erefJjailow, had a long Continuance j yphereby they of the Vale, 
that -were not drowned^ peri/hedfor If ant ofFoodjand.other things 
necejfary.So <u mar mile jdu not at the thin Population ofK m erica, 
nor at the Rudeneffe and Ignorance of the People ; For you muji ac- 
countyour Inhabitants of hmzxic^cuayqungPeoplc^l Younger a 
thoufandyears^at the le<ifl,than the feft of the World:For that there 
^asfo much time, hetweene the Vniucrfall l^\o\i6,artdtbcir Parti- 
cular Inundation. For the pdore Remnant of Humane Seed,'^hich 
remaineditt their Mountaines, Peopled the Qountry againe Jlowlyjby 
little dnd little j And being fimpie and fauage People, (Not like 
Noah and his Sonncs, "^fhich ypasthe chief e Family ofthc Earth) 
they^fre riot able to leaue Letters, Arts, and Ciuility, to their 
Poflerity ; Arid hauing likewife in their MontanoM Habitnh 
tions beene ^fed , ( in rejpe3 of the extreme Cold of thofe 
Regions, ) to c loath themfelues Tpitb the Skinnes of Tygers; 


> ! 

Beares, and Meat Vlairy (Soatt, that they haue in thofe Parts -^ 
When aftcr^hey came dovtte int9 the VaOey ^ and found the 

c X Intol- 



^en> aJtlantu. 

Intolerable Heats yobich are there, andknexD no memcs of lighter 
AppareU : Tbeyverejorced to begin the Cufiome o/Go/ngNiked, 
Tt-'bieb continueth at this Day. Onely they take great pride and de- 
light , in the Feathers of Birds ; .And tbif alfo they tooke front thofe 
their Auncefiors of the MountaineSy ypho "Vpere inuited^vnto it^^ 
by the infinite Flights of Birds, that came 'vp to the high Grounds, 
Ti)biletheWatersjioodbelox&, Soyou fee, by thit maine Accident of 
Time, •^peeloflour Trafficke^Pitb f/&f Atnciicans, -9i>ith-»bom, of 
ad others, in regard they lay near eft to f-vs, T»e bad mofi Commerce. 
As for the other Parts of the World, itit moft manifift, tbut in 
the Ages following, {"VehetberitTffere inrej^eii ofWarreSy or by a 
natural! Reuolution of Time, ) Nauigation did ettery -^here greatly 
decay ; And^eciaUyfarre Voyages,{the rather by the 'vfe ofGaliies, 
andjucb Vejfels cu could hardly brooke tbeOcean, ) ypere altogether 
le/t and omitted. So then, that part of Entercourfe, T»hich could bee 
from other Nations, toSayle to<vs^ yon fee hoa> it hath long fince 
ccafed ; Except ifspere by /bme rare Accident, as this of yours. But 
now of the Cejfation of that other Part of Entcrcourfe,'^hich mought 
be by our Say ling to otherNations, I muftyeeldyon fome other Caufe. 
For I cannot fay, (ifljhalljay truly,) but our Shipping, for Num- 
ber, Strength, Marriners, Pylots, and aU things that appertaneto 
Nauigation, it as great at euer \ And therefore leby -^efhottld fit at 
home, I fijaU nowgiueyou an account by itfelfe-jAnd it •^nli draw nee- 
rer, togitteyoufatisfaSiion, toyourprincipall §}u^ejlion. 

There raigned in this Ifland, about 1900. yeares agoe, a 
King , "Sobofe memory of all others Tdee moft adore ; Not Su 
perftitioufly, but as a Diuine Inflrtment, though a Mortall Mm: 
HisName\i>a£'^ohmonz ; Andypee efleemehim as the La'^^-gi 
\xcx of our Nation. This King had a lai^e Heart, infcruta- 
ble for good ; And -feas "S^holly bent to make his Kingdome 
and People Happy. Hee therefore taking into Conf deration, 
how fufficientandjubflantiue this Land yoas, to maintains itfclfc 
■without any aid ( at all ) of the Forrainer ; Being 5 600. 
Miles in circuit, and of rare Fertility of Soyle, in the greatefl 
Part thereof i And finding alfo the Shipping of this Qountrey 
mought bee plentifitlly fet on yporke, both by Fifhjng , and by 
Tranfportations from fort to fort, and Ukewijrby Sayling 


^\{^e)V ?ylt[a)uis. 


rvnto foiue [mall Jjlinds that are not jane froyn t'T, and arc n^nder 
theCromte and Lawes of tht'i SiMc ^ And recaUin^ into bis Me- 
\ motj, the /Mppy and HouriJ/jing Eftate^ypherem this Land thin u'Uf-, 
i 5a (If it mought bee a tboujand yoayes altered to the yporfe. but (caret 
' any one "ipay to the better ; thought nothing ivanted to hu Noble and ; 
j Hero'icall Intentions^ but onely { cu farre as Humane fore-fight 
\mought reach) to giiie perpetuity to that,'»>bicb yeas in hu- time 
\fo happily e(iabiifJ):d. Therefore amongU hu other Fundtmen 
! tall Lawes ofthii I\ingdome^ he dia ordaine the Interdi^is and Pro- 
i bibitlons^ ypbich ypee baue touching Entrance of Strangers ; yobich 
at that time {though it -was after the (Calamity of America) ypas 
frequent ; Doubting Nouelties, and Commixture of Manners. Itu 
true, the like Lav/, again/f the Admijsion of Strangers without Li- 
cenfe, uan Ancient LaWy in the Kingdome of China, and yet con- 
timed in riife But there it is a poor e Thing ; And bath made them a 
curioiif, ignorant, fearefulli /ooli/J} Nation. But our Law-giucr 
made hi) La» of another temper. For fir (I, bee hatb prcferued all 
points of Humanity^ in taking Order, andmaking Prouifionfor tbs 
Releefe of Strangers diflrejfed ; lohereof you baue tafled. At j 
which Speech (as rcafon was) wcc ail ro(c vp, jnd bowcH | 
our fclucs. Hcc went on. That King alfojhll de firing to ioyne \ 
Humanitj and Policy tagethtr ; And thinking it againfl Humani- j 
ty, to detaine Strangers here againfi tbeir toills ; Andagainft Pa- i 
licy, that they fhould returne, and difcotier their Knowledge of i bit 
E/iate^hee tooke thij Courje : He did ordaine, that of the Strangers 
that/Jjould bee permitted to Land J as tnany (at all times) tuougbt 
depart as yoottld ; But as many as ycould fiay, (hould baue a>e- 
rj good Conditions, andMeanes to Hue, from the Stare. Wherein'^ 
heefaxp fofarre, thai now info many Agesfince the Prohibition, ype 
haucmemory not of one Ship that eucr returned , and but ofthir^^ 
teene Pcrfons onsiy, at fetter all titnes, that chofe to returue in our 
Bottomcs. What tbofefiw that returned may baue reported abroad 
I know not. But you ntufl tbinke-, Whatjoeuer they hjue [aid, could 
bee taken y»here they came , but for a Dreame, ISlow for our 
Traticlling from hence into Parts abroad y our Law^Giucr 
thought fit altogether to reflraine it. So if it not in China. For 
the Chmcicsfayle ypherethey will, or cm i 'ishicb/hewcth, that 




!?{jn^ <LAtlantii. 

their Law of keeping out Str.wpcrs, u a Law of Pufdjnnimity, and 
jeare. But this rejiraim of ours, bath one onely Exception, yi^hich 
is admirable j Preferuittg the good which commethby communica' 
ting Tfiith Strangers, andauoyding the Hurt ; And I yviU now open it 
to you. And here IJJmQfeetne a little todigrefe, but you ypiQ by and 
byfinde it pertinent. TeefhaQ 'vnderftand^{mydeare Friends,) that 
amongfi the Excellent A6is of that King,e»(? aboue all hath theprt- 
heminenceJt tpasthe Ere6iicmy and Injtitution of an Order, or So- 
ciety, T^bich ypee call Salomons Honk ; TheNoblefl Foundati- 
onj(as yoe thinke,)that euer ypas ypon the Earth; And the Lanihorn 
oftbisKingdome. Itisdedicattdto the Study oj tbeVfoikcs, and 
Creatures o/G OD. Sometbinkeit beareth the Founders Name a 
little corrupted, as ifit/hould bee 5olamona'$ Houfc. But the 
Records Tvrite it, as it isjpoken* So as hake it to bee denominate of 
the King of the Hebrcwcs, yohich it famous with you, and no 
Stranger to 'vs. For ypee bauefome Parts of his JVorkes^ Tpbicb yvith 
you are lofi ; "Kamely that Naturall Hiftory , -ichicb he "Pprote of all 
Phnis,from the Cedar of Libanus^to the Moflc thar growcth 
out of the Wall ; Andofall things that hauc Life and Motion. 
Thif mahth me thinkejthat our Kin^finding himjelfe to Symbolii^e 
in many things, "Mtb that Kingo/^^^Hebrcwes (yphich liuedma- 
nyyears before him)bonouredhim yoith tbeTitle oft his Foundation. 
And I am the rather induced to bee of this Opinion^ for that Ifinde 
in Ancient Records , this Order or Society isjometimes called 
Salomons Houfc ; And fometimes the College of the Six 
I Daycs Workcs ; Whereby I am fatitfied. That our Excellent 
King had learned from tbcHcbrcTfcs }That Goobad created 
the World, and all that therein is^ ypithinfix Dales ; And therefore 
bee infiituting that V{o\xic^ for the finding out of the true Nature 
of all things , ( Tphereby GOD mougkt haue the more Glorie 
in the WorkemanflApoftbem, and Men the more fruit in the <-brfe 
of them, ) did giue it alfo that fecond Narhe. But -^ now to 
come to our prefent purpoje. When the King had forbidden to 
all hit People, Nauigation into any Part^ that "was not ^vnder 
hit Cr»wne, bee made neuertheleffe this Ordinance ; That cuery 
twelueyearts tberefhould bee fet forth, out of this Kingdomc, two 
SbifSt appointed toffuerallFoyagts ; That in either of thefe 


^yp /ft/: 


S'^ipSj there PjouU be a Mijsjonofthref of the Fcllowcsjor Brc 
( Krcn of Salomons Houfc -, -^hoje Ermnd "^cu only to giu.^' a'J 
Knowledge of the Affaires iind State ofthoje Countries 40 Tohich they 
•iveredeJigned-.AfideJpeciallyofthe Science^, Arts, Manufidures, 
and Iniientions of all the World; And 'jpithnd to bring <vnto t'Jj 
Bookesy Infiruments.ahd'Vatterns , in euejy kinde : That the Shrps^ 
afurth'jy had landed thehrcth\a^,fJmiildreturne, and that the 
I'rci 1 p re ' 'fhiiuld (lay abroad till the new Mif^ion'Thefe Ships are not 
othcrwi/efraiightjhan mth Store ofVi^ualls^andggod G)nantityof 
Treajiiye to remaine yeith the Brcchren, for the buying offuch 
Things, and rc'^varding affuch they (hould thinkcfit Now 
for me to tell you, hosv the Fulgar jort of Mariners are contained 
font king di/cousred at Land; And bow they that mitfi be put on (Ijore 
for any tirnej colour themfclucs'vndcr the Names of other Nations^ 
And 10 'ii-'h at places theje Voyages hatte becne defignedi, And y^hat 
places o/Rcndcz-Vous are appointed for the new Mifions, Ana 
the like Circumjiances oftbcTraSlique^Imaynot dee it, Neither 
is it much to your defire. But thtuyou fee, Sfiee mmtaine a Trad:, 
not for Gold, Siluer, or IcyQels, Nor for Silkes, Nor for Spi- 
ces; Nor any other Commodity of Matter, But one ly for Gods 
fir/) Creature, f^'hich -^ju Lighc ; Tohaue Lighc {I fay) of the 
Growth of all^arts of the World* And when hce had (aid 
this, hcc VV3S (ilcnc ; And fo were wee all. For indeed 
wcc were all altonidicd, CO hcarc (o ftrangc ihin^s 
fo probably told. And hcc percciuing, that wcc wen 
vvilliu'i; to fay fomcwhatj buc had it not ready, in 
orcat Couitcfic lookc vs oft, anddefccndcd toaskc^Quc 
itions ol our Voyage and Fortunes, and m the end con Ja- 
ded, that wee mouglu doe well, to ihinkc with our iclues, 
what time 01 Ihy wcc would demand ot the State ; And 
bad vs not to (cant our fcluesj For hcc would procure fuch 
time as wcc dcGrcd. Whcrcvpon wee all rofc vp, and pre- 
(cn'cd our (Jucs 10 kifTc the skirc of his Tippet , Buc hce 
would not /ultcrvi; and To cookc his Icauc^ But when it 
came onec amon^^il our People, that the State vied to offer 
Conditions 10 Strangers, that would ftay, wee had VVoikel 
enough to gcr any ol our Men to lookc to our Ship j And i 



il^eifi> Jiiantis. 

to kecpc thcni from going prcfenrly ro the Goucrnour, to 
crauc Conditions. But with much adoe wee refrained them, 
till wcc mought agree what couiie to take. 

Wc tookc our fcluts now for free men, feeing there was no 
danger of our vtter Perdition, And hued moft ioyf ully, going 
abroad, and feeing what was to becfcen^ in the Cicty and pla- 
ces adiacent, within our Tedder\ And obtaining Acquain- 
tance with many of the Citty, not of the mcanell Qualiity; 
At whofe hands wee found fuch Humanity, and fuch a free- 
dome and dcfirc, to take Strangers, as it were, into their Bo- 
fomc, as was enough to make vs forget all that was dcaretol 
vs, in our owne Countries: And continually wee mcc with 
many things, right worthy of Obferuarion, and Relation •• As 
mdcedj if there bee a Mirrour in the World, worthy to hold 
Mens Eyes, it is ihac Country. One day there were two of 
bur Company bidden to a Feafiohhc Family, as they call it. 
; A molt Natural!, Pious, and Reuerend Cuflome it is, (hewing 
that Nation to bee compounded of all Goodnes. This is the 
manner of it. It is granted to any Man, that fhall Hue tofe« 
thirty Pcrfons,defccndcd of his Body, ahuc together, and all 
abouc }. ycarcsold, to make this Fffafiy which is done at the 
Coftof the State. The Father of ihc Family, whom they call 
the Tirfan, two days before the i^^<i^, takcth to him three of. 
fuch Frienda as he liketh to chule; Andisaflifted alfo by the 
GouernourofihcCity, or Place, where the F^^y? u celebra- 
ted j And all th& Per/ons oi the Family, of both Sexes, are fum- 
monc4to attend him. Thcfe two dayes thc71?>/^»(itteth in 
Confulcation, coccrning the good Eftatc of the Family. There, 
if there beany Difcord orSutes betwccneany of the Family, 
c hey are compounded and appealed. There, if any of the 
Family bee DiflrclTed or Decayed, order is taken* for their 
Rcliefc, and competent meanes to liuc. There if any bee 
lubicd: to vice or take ill Courfc&, they are rcproucd and 
Ccnfurcd. So likewifc, Direction is giuen touching Mar- 
riages, and the courfes of life, which any of tlicm iJiould 
take, with diuers other the Lkc Orders and Aduifes, The 
Goucrnour afsiilcth, to the end, to put in Execution, by his 


^eXP Atlantis, 


Publikc Authority, the Decrees and Orders of the T'trfan^ 
^itiiiey ftiould bee diiobeycd ; Though that fcldomc nce- 
dcth i Such Rcuercncc and Obedience they giue, to the 
Order oi Nature. The TirfM doth alio then, cucr chufe 
one Man from amongll his Sonncs, to Jiuc in Houfe with 
him : Who is called , cucr after, the Sonne of the Vine. The 
RcafonJ will hereafter appcare. On xhc Feafl day, the F;t- 
therov Tirftn comraeth foorth after Diuinc Scruice, into a 
large Roomc, where the Feafl is celebrated. Which Roomc 
hath an Haltc-Pace at the vppcr end. Againft the wall, 
in the middle of die halfc-pace, is a Chaire placed for him, 
with a Tabic and Carpet before it. Oucr the Chaire is 
a State, made Round or Ouallj^ and It is of luy ; An luy 
fomcwhac whiter than ours, like the Leafc of a Siluer 
Aspe, buc ir.orc fhining j For it is grccnc all winter. And 
the Stare IS curioully wrought with Siluer and Silkc ofdi- 
ucrs Colours, broyding or binding in the luy j And is cucr 
of the wo;kc, of fomc of the Daughters of the Family ; 
And vailed oucr at the top, with a fine Net of Silkc 
and Siluer. Bjb the Subftancc of it is itue luy ; whereof, 
after it is taken downc, the Friends of the Family, arc 
dcfirousto^hauc forac Leafc or Sprig to kecpc. The Tirfin 
commcth forth with all his Generation or Linage, the 
Males before him, and the Females following him ; And 
ifthcrcbe a Mother, from whofc Body the Whole Linage 
is defcendcd, there is a Traucrfe placed in a Loft abouc 
on the right hand of the Chaire, with a priuy Dore, and a 
catucd Window of GlaflTc, leaded with Gold and blew; 
Where (lie fittcth, but is nor fcene. When the Tirfan is 
come foorth, hce fictcth downc in the Chaire j And all the 
Linage place ihcmlelues agiinfl the wall, both at his backc, 
and vpon the Rcturneof the Halfc-pace, in Ord^r of their 
ycares, without dilTerence of Sex, and Hand vpon their 
Feet. When hec is fer, the Roomc being alwaics full of 
Company j but well kept and without Difbrdcr, after 
fome paufc, there commcth in from the lower end of 
the Roomc, a Taratan, ( which is as much as an Herald \) 

d And 



And on cither fide of him two jong Lads ; Whereof one 
carrieth a Scrowle of their (hming yellow Parchment; 
And the other a cluftcr of Grapes oi Gold, with a long 
Foot or Stalkc. The Herald, and Children , arc clothed 
wirh Mantles of Sea-water grccnc Satiin ; But the He- 
ralds Mantle is flreamcd with Gold, and hath a Trainc. 
Then the Herald with three Curtcfies, or rather loclinati- 
ons, commeth vp as farre as the Halfc'pacc j And there 
tirl^ takcch into his Hand the Scrowle. This Scrowlc is 
the Kings Charter , containing Gift of Rcucnew, and 
many Priuileges, Exemptions, and Points of Honour, 
granted to the Father of the Family ; And it iscuer ftiled 
and diredcd ; To fuch an (^e , Ow loelbeloued Friend and 
Crcditour : Which is a Title proper onely to this Gale. For 
they fay , the King is Dcbter to no Mao, but for Propaga- 
tion ot his ^ubie^s, The Scale fct to the Kings Charter, 
is the Kings Image, ImbofTcd or moulded in Gold ; And 
though fuch (^barters bee expedited of Courfc, and as of 
Right, yet they arc varied by difcrction, according to the 
Number and Dignitie of the Famly. This Charter the 
Herald readeth aloud ; And while it is read , the Father 
or Tirfan, ftandcth vp, iupported by two of his Sonnes; 
fuch as hee choofcih. Then the Herald mountcth the half- 
Pace, and dcliuereth the Charter into his Hand : And with 
chat there is an Acclamation, by all that are prefent, 
in their Language, which is thui muchj Happy are the Peo- 
le of Benfalem. Then the Herald takcth into his Hand 
from the other Child, the Clulter of Grapes, which is of 
Gold} Both the Staike; and the Grapes. Bjtthe Grapes 
are daintily enamelled i And if the Males of the Family bee 
the greater number, the Grapes are enamelled Purple, with 
a little Sunne fet on the Top ; If the Females, then 
they arc enamelled into a greenifh yellow, with a Cref^ 
fane on the Top. The Grapes are in aumber as many 
as there arc Defcendants of the Family. This Golden 
Cluflcr, the Herald dcliuereth alfo to thcTirfim-, who pre- 
(cntly dcliuereth it ouer, to chat Sonne, that hee had for- 

J^lP Jtimtu. 


mcrly chofcti , to bee in Houfc with him-; Who bta- 
rcth K before his Father^ as an En^gnc of Hdnour, when 
h«e ^occh in publikc cucr affcr-, And is chcrctspon dalltili 
the Sonne of the ytnc. After this Ceremony cndccfitlVt 
Fdtber or Tirfan rciirccb^ And a(rer fomc time commcth 
bnh againc to Dinner, where hcc fictcth alone vnder the 
State, as before j And none of his Dcfcendanrs fit with 
ium, of what Degree or Dignitic focuer, dxfctpt hcc hap 
to bee of Salomons Houff. Hec is (erued onely byhisownc 
children, fuch as are Male ; who performc vnto him all 
feruice of the Table vpoii the knee • And the Women 
oncly Itand about him, leaning agaioft the wall. The 
Roome bclowe the Halfe-pace, hath Tables on the fides 
;or the Guclh that arc bidden; Who arc fcrued with 
grdac and comely order; And towards ^hc end of Din 
.icr (which in the greareft Fcafts with thcm^ lafteth neuer 
ibouc an Hourc and a halfej there is an Hymne fung, va- 
ried according to the Inucntion of him that compoiethir; 
{for they hauc excellent PoeficJ But .the Subied of it is 
falwaycsj the prayfcs of /f^<«»i, znd Hoah^ and Abrahcim-^ 
vVlicrcof the former two Peopled the World, and the lall 
was the Father of the Faithjull : Concluding cuer with a 
rhankfgiuing for the Nafiuitie of out Sauiour^ ia whofc 
Birth, the Births of all arc onely Blefled. Dinner bring 
done, tlie Tirfan retircth againc ; And hauing wichdranne 
himfelfe alone into a place ; where he makcth fomc pfi- 
Liatd Prayers, hec commeth forth the third time, to giuc 
die Bleflii-.g; with all his Oclcendants, who Ibnd about 
him as at the firlf. Then hec callcth them forth by one 
m<\ by one, byname, as hee picnfeih, though feldcme the 
Order of Age bee inucrtcd. The perlon that is called, 
(the Table being before rcmoiied), knccleth downc be- 
fore I he Ciiajre , and the Father layeth his Hand, vpon 
his- Head, or hsr Head, and giuerh the Blefsing in thcfe 
vvords- ; Sonne ofBenfidem^ (or Daughter of Renfalem,) thy 
Fither faith it ; The Man hyTi>homthot4 hn/I Breath and Lifs 
^eaketb the y»ord ; The BhJJing ofthe^Euerlt^ing Ftit1)cr^ 
I d 1 the 


^\(ei(i> ^tlantii. 

the Prince of Peace, and the Holy Doue bee rvpon thee^ and 
make the dayes of thy Pilgrimage good and many. This hcc 
faith to cucry of thcni ; And thac done, if there bee any oi 
hisSonncsj of eminent Merrit and Venue, (fo they bee not 
abouctwo,) heecalicth for them againc j And faith, lay- 
ing his Armc oucr their ftiouidcrs, they (landing j Sonnes^ 
itu Tioellyw are borne y giueGod thepraije, andperfenere to 
the end. And withall dcliucrcth to either of them a Icwdl, 
made in the Figure of an Earc of Wheat, which tbey eucr af- 
ter wcarcin the front of their Turban, otHatt, This done, I 
they fall to MuHcke and dances. And other Recreations, af- 
ter their manner, for the reft of the day. This is the full order of 
that Feaft. 

By that lime, fix or feucn Dayes were (pent, I was fallen 
into ftraight Acquaintance, with a Mer chant q^ t\^ztCitty ^ 
whofc Name was loabin. Hcc was a leip and Qircumci- 
fed : For they hauc fome few Stirps of leiees, yet remai- 
ning among them , whom they Jeaue to their owne Reli- 
gion. Which they may the better doe, becaufc they are 
of a farrc differing Difpofition from the Iey»ss in other 
Parti. For whereas they hate the name of Chr ist j 
And hauea fecrct inbred Rancour againll the People amongft 
whom they liue ; Thefc (concranwifc) giuc vnto our S a- 
V I o V R many high Attributes, and loue the Nation of ^Ben- 
falem, extremely. Surely this Man, of whom I fpeakc, 
would cuer acknowledge, that Christ was borne of a 
Firgin j And that hcc was more than a'Man j And he: 
would tell how God made him Ruler of the Serapbims, 
which guard his Throanc ; And they call him alio the 
Milken Way, and the Eliah of the MeJ^iab -, And many o- 
thcr Hi^h Names ; which though they bee Inferiour to his 
Diuinc Maicfty, Yet they arc farrc from the Language of 
other liTPes. And for the Countrcy of Benfalem^ this Man 
would make no end of commending it ; Being dcfirous 
by Tradition among the lejoes there, to haue it bcleeucd, 
that the People thereof were of the Generations of Abra- 
bMit, by another Sonne, whom they call Nacboran , And 

that ^ 

V\(jyv Atlantis. 


that M.ofes by a fccrct CahAla ordained the Lawcs of Benfa* 
\em which they now vfc \ And that when the Mcfsiab 
ftiould come, and fit in his Throne at Hierufalemy the 
King of ^enfalem, fliould fie at his fccr, whereas otiicr 
Kings (hould kccpe a great diftance. But yet fctting 
afidc thcfc leyptJhDrczmftSf the Man was a wife Man, and 
learned, and of great Polhcy, and excellently fecnc in the 
Lawcs and Curtomcs of that Nation. Amongft other 
Difcour/es, one day, I told him, I was much afFc(5led 
with the Relation I had, from fomeof the Company, of their 
Cuftome, in holding the Feafl of the Futnily ; For that 
(me thought) I had ncucr heard of a Solemnity, wherein Na* 
ituredid (o much^refide. And becaufc Propagation ofFa- 
I milies, procecdeih from the Nuptiall Copulation, Idefircd 
to know of him, what Lawes and Cuflomcs they had 
concerning Marriage ; And whether they kept Marriage 
well J And whether they were tyed to one Wifi: ? For that 
where Population is fo much affedied, and fuch as with 
them it (ccmed to bee, there is commonly F^crmifEonof Plu- 
rality of Wiues. To this hee (aid j You haue l^afonfor to com 
yfnendthatexeeQent Inflitutionofihe Feaft of the Family, And 
indeed yoee haue Experience^thatthofe Families, that are partakers 
of the Blefsingof that Feaft , doe flourifb and proffer euer after, 
in m extraordinary manner. But heare meeno'^ and I "Voill 
tellyouy»batlkno^, touJhaH ofnderfiand, that there u not 
'■vnder the Heauens^fo cha[i a Nation, as this of Benfalem j 
Kor Jo free from aB Pollution or fouleneffe. It is the Virgin of 
the World. I remember, 1 haue read in one of your Europxan 
Bookes, of an holy Hermit amongfijou, that defred to fee the 
Spirit 0/ Fornication, and th:re appeared to him, a little foule 
tvgly Acthicpc : But if hee had defired tope the Spirit <?/Cha- 
f ftitic q/'Bcn(alcm, it y»9uld haue appeared to him, in the like- 
nejTe of a f aire beautiful Cherubine. For there is nothings among/i 
Mortall Men, more faire and admirable, than the Chafi Mindes 
of tbii People. Kno'^e therefore, that -^ith them there are no 
Stewes, no diffolute Houfes, no Curtifans, nor any thing of that 
kindc. Nay theyyponder('Mth detejlation)atjoHin Europc,"»>A/V/{? 




permit fucb things. They fayyebaueput Marriage out of office: 
For Mariage if ordained a Remedy for <-vnIa'tt>fuiJ Qonciipifcence ; 
And 'Natural! Concupifcence Jeemeth cu a jpurr to Marriage. But 
-^ben Men haue of band a Remedy., more agreeable to their cor 
rupt ypiHi Marriage. u ahnofl expul/ed. And therefore there are 
yoith you (eene infinit Men^ that marry not^ bm cb»f.e rather a 
libertine and impure fngle Life^ than to beeyoakedin Marriage ^ 
And many that doe marry, marry late^ when the Prime and 
Strength of their Teares u pafi. 4nd yehen they doe marry, yobat 
u Marriage to them, hut a rvery Bargainee Wherin ii fought 
A'liance , or Pgrtion, or Reputation, Tirithjome defire(aImofl in- 
different ) ofljfue-, And not the faithful! NHptiaS Vnion of Man 
and Wife, that yoas firfl infiituted. Nmh^ is it pofible, that 
thofe that haue cafl away [o bajely, jo much of their. Strength, 
jhould greatly efleeme Children, {being of the fame Matter,) cu 
Chajie Men doe. So like Si'ife during Marriage is the Cafe much 
amended, cu it ought to bee if thofe things r»cre tolerated oj^tely 
for nece^itie; No,,but they remaine fiill (U a 'vsry Affront to 
Marriage. The ffaunting of thofe dijfolute places, or refortto 
Curti^ans, are noi more punifhed in Married Men, than in B4/- 
chellers. And the, depraued Cufiome of change, and the Delight in 
MeretricioM Embracemsnts, (ypherefinne ii turned into Art,) 
maketh Marriage a dull thing, and a kinde of Impoj^tion, or Taxe. 
They heareyou defend thefe things, cu done to auoyd greater EuiUs; 
As Aduoutrtes , Deflmring of Virgins, Vnnaturall lufl, and the 
like. But they/ay, this is a prepofleroiu Wifdome-, And they call it 
Lots ofFcr, T^ha . io faue his Guefis from abuftng , Offered bis 
Daughters : Nay theyfay further. That there is lit le gained in this:, 
For that the fame Vices and Appetites, doe fiill remaine and <f- 
bound; Vnlawfull Lufi being like a Furnace, that if you ffop 
the Flames altogether , it "^ill quench ; But if you giue it 
any ijent, it T»ill rage, As for Mafculine Loue, they haue no L 
touch of it ; And yet there are not,fofaithfulland inuiolate Friend- 
fbips , in the -^orld againe, at are there , And to ^eake gene- 
rally, {cu 1 fay d before,) 1 haue not read of any- fucb Qjaflity, 
in any People, (U theirs. And their ri/juall faying «>,ThaE who* 
focucr is vnchailc can not reucrcncc himlcUe ; And theyfay ; 


"• '— C.i.JtlM.1 

S^(eJif Atlantis, 


rhac rhc rcuercnce of a Mans felfc, 15, ncxc Religion, the 
chiefcit Bridle of all Vices. And when hce had laid 
this, ihe good /<?"» pawfcd a licilc ,• Whereupon, I far more 
wilhng to hcare him fpcakcon, than to fpeakc my felfejyct 
thinking it decent, that vpon his pawfc of Speech, I Ihould 
not be altogether filent, faid onely this , That I ynould fay to 
him.Oithe Widow o/Sarcpta [aid to Elias ; that hee-^cxu come 
to bring to Memory our Sirmes ,• Andthat I confejfetbe Ri^htc- 
ou(nc& o/Bcnfahm, ypiU greater than the K\^Mco\i{t\ci[c of 
Europe, At which fpecch hce bowed his Head, and 
went on this manner. They haue alfo manyypife and excel- 
lent L*wes touching Marriage. They alloT^ no Polygamy. 
They haus ordiined that none doe intermarry or contrail y<T; mill a 
Moneth bee pafl from their firfl Inter-yieyp . Marriage Tf//^- 
out conf^nt of Parents they doe not make <voyd , but they mul^ it 
in the Inheritors : For ^e Children of fuch Marriages, are not 
admitted to inherit, ab(me a third Pxtrt of their Barents Inheri- 
tance. I haue read in a Bookcofoneofyour Men, of 4 Feig- 
ned Common-wealrh, fpbere the Married couple are permit-, 
ted, before they Contra^, to fee one another N^ied. Tbuthey 
diflike : For they thinke it a Scome^ to giue aRefufaU after Jo 
\Fanuliar Knowledge: But becauje of many hidden Defers in Men 
4nd W omens Bodies ^ they haue a more CiuiQ Way: For they haue 
neareeuery Towne, aCoupleofPoQics,(yi>hich they call Adam and 
Eucs Pooles, ) ^sphere it u permitted to one of the friends of the 
Man ^and another ofthe friends of the Woman, to fee them feueral- 
ly bath Naked. 

And as wee were thus in Conference, there came one 
that (censed to bcc a McflTcngcr, in a rich Hukc , that rp.ikc 
with the le-^ : whereupon hce turned to nice, and laid ; 
You -Hiill pardon mce.for / am commanded aymayin hafle. The 
next Morning hce came -to mecagaine,ioyfuli as it fecmcd, 
and faid J There is Tvord come to the Qouernour of the City^ 
that one ofthe Fa:hcrs 0/ Salomons Houlc, "^iU bee here this 
day Seuen-night : Wee haue feene none of them thu- Do^en 
Teares. Hu Commning u in State i'But the caufe of hit com- 
ming isfecret. I Tipill prouide you, and your FeUo^es, of a good 
. _. Standing^ ^ 


^c)V Q^tlanlii. 

Standing to fee bii Entry, I thanked him, and toid him; 1 
-JDCU mofi glad of the TSLcsoes The day bciDg come hce made 
his Entry. Hcc was a Man of middle Stature, and Age, 
comely of Per/on, and had an Afpc<a as if hcepitiicd Men. 
Hcc was cloathcd m a Roabc of fine blackc Cloth, with 
wide Slccucs , and a Cape. His vndcr Garment was 
of excellent white Linnen, downe to the Foot, girt 
wich a Girdle of the famcj And a Sindon or Tippcc 
of the fame about his Ncckc. Hcc had Gloucs, rhat 
Wire curious, and fct with Stone j And Shoes of Peach- 
coiourcd Vcluet. His Ncckc was bare to the Shoulders. 
His Hat was like a Helmet, or Spani/h Montera-, And his 
Locks curled below it decently ; They were of Colour 
brownc. His Beard was cut round, and of the fame co- 
lour wich his Hairc, fomc what lighter. Hce was carried iuj 
a rich Chariot, without wheclcs, •Littcr-wifc , With two 
Horfcs at cither end, richly trapped in blew Veluct Em- 
broydercd i and two Footcmen on each fide in the like At- 
tire. The Chariot was all of Cedar, gilt, and adorned 
with Chrydall ; Sauc that the For-end had Pannclls of Sap- 
phires, fet in Borders of Gold j And the Hinder-end the 
like of Emcrauds of the Peru Colour. There was alfo a Sunnc 
of Gold, Radiant vpouthc Top, inihcMidftj And on the 
Top before, a fraall Cberub of Gold, with Wings difplaycd. 
The Chariot was couered with Cloth of Gold tifliied vp- 
j on blew. Hcc had before him fifty Attendants, yong Men 
I all, m white Satten loolc Coats to the Mid Legg.and Stoc- 
i kias of white Silkj And Saocs of blew Vcluet ; And Hats of 
I blew Vcluet ; with fine Plumes of diucrle Colours, fct 
roufid like Har-bands. >kxi before the Chariot, went two 
Men , bare headed , in Linnen Garments downe to the 
Foot, girt , and Shoes of blew Velucc , Who carried the 
one a Crofier, the other a Paftorall StafFe like a Sheepe- 
hookc : Neither of them of Mectall, but the Crofier of 
Bjlmc-wood, the Paftorall StafFe of Cedar* Horfc-Mcn 
hcc had none, neither before, nor behind his Chariot : As 
it fccmcth CO auoyd all Tumulc and Trouble. Bchindc 


C^(eyp Jtiantis. 

hjs Chariot, went all the Officers and Principals of the Com- 
panics of the City. Hecfatealoncj vpoii Cuftijons, of akmdc 
j of excellent Plufli, blew j And vndcr his Foot curieus Car- 
! pets of Silkc of diucrs Colours, like the Pcrfian , but farrc 
; finer. Hccheld vphis Bare Hand, ashee went, as blcilirig 
I the People, but m Silence. The Street was wondcrfuliyl 
' well kcpc ,• So chat there was neuer atiy Army had their 
j Men Hand in better Battcll-Array, than the People ftood. The 
! Windowcs like wile were not. croudcd, butcuery oneftood in 
j (hem, as if they had becneplaccd. When the (liew was pall, 
j the lew (aid to mee ; I /hall not bee able to attend you tu I ypould, 
in regard of fome charge the City hath layd 'z>pon mee^forthc^ 
Entertaining of thU Great Perfon. Three dayes afttr the 
lerv came to nice againe, and laid ; Tee are happy Men\ 
For the Father of Salomons Houfc taketh knowledge of 
your Being here ■, and commanded mee totcUjou^ that bee. 
-Ofill admit ali your Company to hit prefcnce , and baue pri- 
ttate Conference sioith one ofjou , that jce JhaQ choofe : And 
for thii hath appointed the next day after to Morrovp. And 
becaufe hee mcaneth to glue you hit Blefiing , het hath appoin- 
ted it in the Fore-Noone. Wee came ac our Day, and Houre, 
and I was chofcn by my Fellowcs for the pnuate Acceflc. 
Wee found hmi in a faire Chamber, richly hanged, and car- 
petted vnder Foote, without any Degrees to the State, 
Hec was fee vpon a Low Throne richly adorned, and a 
rich Cloth of State oucr his Head, of Blew Sattin Em- 
broidered. Hec was alone, (aue that hee had two Pa^'es 
of Honour, on either Hand one, finely attired in White. 
Hii Vnder Garments were the like that wee (aw him wejre 
in the Chariot' ; But in (lead of his Gowne, hee had on 
iiim a Mantle with a Cape, of the fame fine Blacke, faft- j 
ned about him. When wee came in, as we were taught, we j 
bowed Low at our firfl: Entrance ; And when wee were j 
come necrc his Chairc , hee ftood vp, holding forth iiis j 
Hand vngloued, and in Poffure of Blcfling j And wceci^e- 
ry one of vs (looped downr, and kifTed the Hcmtiie of his i 
Tippet. That done, the rell departed, and I remained. 

e Then ! 



^J\(jl^ (lAtLmtis. 

Then he Warned chc Pages forth ofrhc Roome, and cauicti 
mccto (It downc bcfidc him, and fpakc to mecthus in the 
Spanip Tongue. 

GOD blejje thee, my Sonne -, I mil giue\ 
thee the greatefi leJ^ell I baue. For I mU 
impart vnto thee, for the Loue of God and 
Men, a 'Eolation of the true State of Salomons 
Houfe. Sonne, to maf^ you ^nojp the true jiate 
of Salomonsr Houfe, f mil l^eepe this order. 
Firjl f mil fet forth ynto jou the End of our 
Foundation. Secondly, the Preparations and 
Fnftruments tvee haue for our Workcs. T^hirdly, 
the feueraU Employments and Fun(ftions nber^ 
to our Fellowes are afligned, /md fourthly the 
Ordinances and Kntsyphichvpeeobferue, 

The End o/~ o«r Foundation ii the K^orpledge 
of Csiu^cs, and Secret Amotions of^hings-^ and the 
Enlarging of the bounds o/^ H u m a n e E m p i rC;, ^o //?f 
SffeBing of all Things fof^tble. 

The Preparations and Infti ument> are thefe. 
JVehaue large and deepe Cau^s of /euerali T)eptbs: 
The deepefi are [un^e 600^ Fat home : zAnd fome 
of them are digged and made ipnder great Hills 
and Mountaines : So that if you reckon together 
the T>epth of the Hill, and the T>eptb of the 
Caue, they are Q fome of them) aboue three 



t^Iilcs deepe. for nee finde, that the Depth 
0/ a Hill, and the T>cpih of a Qj^xx^ from the 
Flat, is the Jame Thing-, 'Both remote alik^^ 
from the Sunn and Heauens 'Beamer, and from 
the open ^yre, Thcfe Caues yi^ee call the Low- 
er Region. Q>4nd yieee yje them for ail Coagu- 
lations, Indurations, Reirigeracions, and Con^ 
feruacions, of Bodies. fVee vfe them Hkfnpife for 
the Imitation of Naturall Mine^;2^;«^//jc Pro- 
dpcing alfooJN,cw Artificiall Mettalls,4> Com- 
pofitions and Materialls rphich Ktee yfe and lay 
there for many yearef. Wee loje them alfo fome- 
times ^ (tvhich may feeme flrange') for Curing oj 
(ome Diieafcs, and for Prolongation of Life, tn 
fome Hermits that choofe toltue there, rueU accom- 
modated of ail things neceffariey and indeed Hue very 
long'. By Mphom alfoveee learnemanj thing/, 

(Kff ^^M^ Burialls in feuerall Earths, )3?/'^r^ xi^ee 
put diners Cements, as the Chinefes, doe their 
Porc^lkne. Bat wee haue them in greater Varietie, 
and feme of them more fine. We alfo haue oreate va- 
riety <?/ Comports, ^WSoiles, for the t9\4ak^ngof 
the Harth Fruit full. 

Wee haue High Towers; The Higheft about 
halfe^ a Aide in Height-^ dyjnd feme of them-* hke^ 
mfefet ypon ///^^Mountaines .* io that the Van- 
tage^ 0/ the HiU mth thd-^ Tower, u in thehtgh- 
e/i of theni^ three Miles at lea ft, <t4nd thefe 
T laces wee call the Vpper Region- ^ccoun-^ 
ting the ^lAire betKteene the High Places, and the 

e I L owe. 


J\(^eVP Qyitiantu, 

Lowe, as a Middle Region. II' ec vje ihcjc^ 
Towers, according to their /euer^ll Heights, and 
Situations, for Infolation, Rcirigeration , Con- 
feruation, (t/Ind for the V icw of dimrs Meteors- 
^f VVindes, Raine, Snow^ Hailej o^nd fome 
of the Fiery Meteors alfo, Qydnd y>pon them, in 
Jome TUces, are Dmllings oj l\t\m\ts, nphom 
»'d-» yijit fometimeSy and infiruU "what to oh^ 

Wee haue great Lakes both Salt, and Frefh, 
yphereof TPee haue yfe for the ¥\^,and Fowle. We 
Ipfe them alfo for Burialls of Jome Naturall Bo- 
dies : For n>ee finde a difference in Things buri- 
ed in Earth, or in Aire beioy^thc ^2iXi\\'^and things 
buried in Water. Wee haue aljo Pooles, ofxphicb 
fome doe flraine Frefli Water cw; c/^alt. ^nd 
others by Art doe turne Frefh Warteri/j/o Salt. 
Wee haue alfo fome Rocks in the Midfi of the Sea; 
And fome Bayes "^fon the Shore \or jome Works, 
Tpherin u required the Aire and Vapour of the 
Sea. Wee haue hkpDtfe Violent Streames and 
Cataracts, '^hich ferue vs for many Motion?..* 
And likeMfe Engines /or Multiplying ^wa? En- 
forcing of Windes, to fet alfo on g'ing dtuerje 

Wee haue alfo a Js(umbcr 0/ Artificial! Wells, 
and Fountaincs, made in fmitation of the Na- 
turall Sources 4W^BatheS; z/Istincied vponY\^ 
trioU, Sulphur, Steele, BrafTe, Lead, N itre, and 
other Mineralls : ^nd againe in^ee haue little 
Well ( 

^tiif Atlantis. 


VVells for Infufions 0/ many Things xt>here the 
VVarers tak^ the Vertue qwcl^er and better, than 
in VelTells, or Bafi ns. ^nd among/i them XPee haue 
a Water, which nee call Water of Paradifc, 
heing, bj that Tt>ee doe to it, made very Soueraime 
for Health, <jW Prolongation ofLik. 

Wee haue aljo Great and ^aciom Houfes, 'Vphere 
Vfee imitate and demonjlrate Meteors- e^x Snow, 
Haile, Raine,/(?/we Artificiall Raines o/Bodics, 
and not of Water, 1 hunders. Lightnings- d/^^/o 
Generations 0/ Bodies i« Aire- zJs Frogs, Fhcs, 
and diuerfe Others. 

IVe haue alfo cer^^/w^ Chambers , ivhichrvecali 
Chambers 0/ Hca.[th,n'here Hfee cjualifie the hixtas 
Ji^ee thin/^ good and proper for the Cure ofdiuerje 
Difeafes, and Preferuation o/Rcalth. 

Wee haue alfo faire and large Baths, offeuerall 
Mixtures,/or the Cure ofDik3.[cs,andthe Refto- 
ring of Mans Body from Arefadlion: Jnd Others 
for the Confirming ^//> z^; Strength o/Sinnewcs, 
Vitall Parts, and tbevcry luyce^Wiubftancco/' 
the Body. 

]Vee haue aljo large and yarioiu Orchards, and 
G3ivdcns-lVherin .'tife doe not Jo much rcjpecl "Beauty, 
as Variety of (ground and Soile , profer for diuerfe 
Trees, *i«^ Herbs ; <t4nd fome yery fj>acious,yt>here 
Trees, ^«<3/ Berries arefet,'n>hereoflipeemal^ diuerfe 
K^mdes o/^Drinkes, befides the^ V^ine-yards. fn 
thefe n^ee praHife Itl^ife all Qonclufions of Graf- 
ting, 4m^ Inoculating., /r/ »^^ 0/ Wilde-Trees, 
__ e; as 


^en> d/icUntu, 



US Fruic- i rees, Ti^hich froducetb many Bfiecls.. And \ 
rue c make (^by zArt) in the fame Orchards, and 
Gardens, Trees and Flowers, to come earlier^ or 
later than their Seafons ; z4nd to come yp and 
beare more jj>eeciilj than by their Natural! Courfe 
tbej doe. tVee make them aijo bj An greater much 
[than iheir Nature. (lAnd their ¥ run greater^ and 
fu^eeter, and of differing Tafte, Smell, Colour, 
and Fisnrc, from thetr Nature, ^nd many of 
them ii^ee fo Order M they become o/Medicinall 

Wee haue alfo Meanes to make diuerfe Plant 
rife by Mixtures ^Earthes mthout Seeds; And 
likcnufe to make diuerfe J\(e'n> Plants, differing 
from the Vulgar-^ andtomak^sne Tree or Plant 
turne tnto another. 

Wee haue alJoF ^vkcs, and Enc\o[ures of all Sorts 
of Beads, and Birds- T»bich 'Vpee yfe not one ly for 
Vieia> or l^rencfpy bat likemfe^ for Diffecftions, 
and Triall ; 'That therbyrpee may take lights what 
may bee 'Urought vpon the Body ^Man. Wher^ 
in vpeefinde many grange EjfeUs]^ ^s Continu- 
ing Life in them, though diners Parts, which you 
account Vital!, bee penjhcd, and taken forth-^ Re^ 
fuf itating of fome that feeme Dead in Appea- 
rance ; And the like. Wee try alfo ^//Poyfons, 
and other M edicines ypon them, as 'nell of C hy- 
rurgery, as Phificke. '^y Arc likewife, wee make 
them Greater, or TaWtr, than their Kinde is-^And 
contrary>-m/eDwSLr[e them and fiay their Growth : 
t, fFee{ 

JA^f }J' Atlantis. 

Wee ma^e them more Fruitful!, arJ Bearing than 
their Kxndt h ', a.'frjd contrary-mfe Baren and not 
Generatiue. <iy^lfo wee mal^e them dtjfer in Colour, 
Shape, Adlmicy, manyvea^es. Wee fnde Meanes 
to make Commixtures and Copulations of diuerje 
Kindes- Ti>htch haue produced manj New Kindes, 
and them not Barren, as the general! Opinion is. 
iVte make a J\(umber of Kindes, of Serpents, 
Wormes, Flies, Fillies, 0/ Putrefaction; nhereof 
fame are aduanced (^ineffS^ to be Perfedt Crea- 
tures, like Beads, or Bu'd^; And haue Sexes, and 
doe Pvo^ag^tc. J\(ettherdoe r^ee ihu by Chance, 
bm wee I^ow before hand, of ivhat Matter and 
Conmiixture, what Kinde of thofe Creatures, 
mil ari/e. 

Wee haue alfo Particdar Pooles, ^y>here weetnah' 
Trialls -vpon V\^\^s, aswee hane faid before of B^Si^s^ 
and Bjrds. 

Wee haue alfo Places for Breed and Generati- 
on of ^/?o/^Kmdeso/' Wormes, and Flk^^, which 
are of Speciall Vle^ Such oi arewith you your Silk- 
wormes, and Bees. 

f will tiot holdjou long with recounting of our 
Brew-howfes, Bake^houfes, and Kitchins, 
where are made diuerfe Drinks,Brcads,WMeates, 
%are and of Ipeciall EfeBs. Wines wee haue oj 
Grapes? And Drinkes of other luyce, of Fruits, 
of Graines, and of Rootes- And of Mixtures 
with Honey, Sugar, Manna, d/;^ Fruits dryed, 
and decoded ; Alfo of the Teares or Vv^oun- 


SsQ^yy Atlantis* 

dings o/^Trees 5 JndofthcFulpo/C^nt^.yfndl 

tbeJeDrink<^s are of Seuerall hgQSy Jome^ to the^j 

Agcor Lajl of forty jeares. IVee haue Drinkes 

alfo bremdvpttb SeueraUVitrhs, and Koois, and 

Spices; 7ea,mthfeueralJ Fk(hcs, andWhitc^ 

M eats • Whereof fome of the Drinkes are fuch 

as they are inejfeU Meat and Drinkc both : So 

that T>mers, efpecialljin Age , doe defire to Hue 

mth them , npith little or no Meat, or Bread, ^nd 

aboueaU'mee flriue to haue Dnnkes of Extreame 

Thin Parts ; Toin/tnuate into the Body , and jet 

mthoHt all Biting , Sharpncffe^ or Fretting . fnfo^ 

much as fome^j of them , fut vpon the Backe of your 

Hand, »>///, 'mthalittleJlay,paffethoron>to the^ 

Palme, and yettajle Milde to ^/>e Mouth. Wee 

haue alJoW attvs ^ n>hichmfee ripen m thatfafJmnj 

as they become N oun filing • So that they are in- 

deed excellent Drinke • (i4nd many mil vfe no 

other. Breads ti^ee haue of Seuerall Graine?, Roots, 

and Kernels • Yea and Jome of Flefii , and 

IFifh, Dried 5 With diners k^ndes 0/ Leaue- 

nings, >^«^ Seafonings ; So that fome doe ex- 

treamely /mo«^ Appetittes ; Some doe ^J\(ourifJo fo, 

as T>mers doe Hue of them , whout any other 

Meat ; Who Hue very long . So for Meat-, 

xaee baue Jome of them fo beaten , and made 

tender, and moniRti, yet mthom all Corrupting, 

^4 VVeake Heato/^ r^^^ Stomacke mH turnei 

them into good Chylus ; Jt n>ell as a Strong j 

Heat>o«/^ lAt2ii otberypife prepared. Wee haue \ 


^?^eyif (Atlantis. 


/cw;? Meats di^, ^»(i Breads, and Drinks, y^hich\ 
ta{en by zS^^en , enable them to Fall long after • 
^nd fome other, that ipfed mak^ the yery Fielli of 
Mens Bodies, lenjibljy more Hard ^^/^ Tough- 
I ^And their Strength farre greater^ than othcrivi/e it \ 
! muld be. 

Wee haue Difpenfatories, or Shops r/ Medi- 
cines. Wherein jou may eajily thinf^e, tf i»ee haue 
fiicb Variety of Plants, and Liurn^ Creatures, 
more than jou haue in Europe, ( for mee ^m Kfhat 
yotibaue^) the Sm^\ts, Drugges, and Ingredi- 
ents e/ Medicines, mujl lil^emje be in fo much the 
greater Varietie. Wee haue them likem/e of di^ 
uers Ages,, and long Fermentations, oylnd for 
r/'aV Preparations, vpee haue not oneljaU Manner 
of Sxqutfite Diftillations, and Separations, and 
e/pecially by Gentle Heats, and Percolations 
through diucr/e Strainers, jea and Subftancesj 
^ut alfo exacl Formes of Compofition , n'herbj^,, 
thej incorporate almofl as they rt>ere Naturall! 
Simples. 1 

Wee haue alfo di${crs }^iechzmc3\\ Arts, m^hich 
you haue not ; (t4nd Stuffes made by them j As 
Papers, Linnen, Silkes, TilTucs; (/i^/woVVorkes 
ol Feathers of n^onder/uU Lufire • excellent Dies, 
and many others : <tAnd Shops It^mfe as ihH \ 
for fuch as are not brought into Vulgar vfe amongfl \ 
vf, as for tbofe that are. For you mujl Iqiovp, thatl 
ef* the Things before recited , many of them are\ 
groyvne mto vfe throughout the FQngdome >, "But : 
^ f J^ 


3\(ew (^tlantii. 

yet, if they did floMf from our Inuention, neehaue of 
them aljo/or Pattcrnes, ^^Principalis.' 

IVee bane aljo Fournaccs of great Diucrfi- 
ties, and that keepe great Diuerfitie of Heats; 
Fierce and Quicke ; Strong and Conftant- 
Soft and Mildc- Blowne, Quiet, Drie, Moift; 
^nd the lil^e, 'But aboue all nipee baue Heats , in 
[mitation of the Sunnes and Heauenly Bodies 
Heats , ifiS^^ faffe diuer/e IncquAiti^s, and (^as it 
ypere) Orbs , Progrefles , 4Wfl Returnes, V^herhy 
Tpec produce admirable ejfeUs* ^efides y^ee haue 
Heateso/^ Dungs ; and 0/ Bellies and Maw£s of 
Liuing Creatures and of their Bloods, and Bo- 
dies; and of Hayes and Herbs layd "Mp moyfi-^ of 
Lime ynquenched ; and fuch like , 1 n ftr u ni e n ts 
aljo yphich generate Heate onely by Motion, (i^nd 
further y Places /or iJ^ro/j^ infolations. z^nd a- 
gainCy Places l;W(?r r/?e Earth , '^hichby Nature, 
or Art, jeeld Heate. ^^hefe Heats npee 
vfe, <tAs the Nature of the Operation , yrhich n>ee 
intend, requireth, 

V Wee baue alfo Pcrfpecfliue-houfes , n^ere Tmee 
ma^e Demonllrations (?/^ZfLighrs,^w^ Radiati- 
ons; (^nd of all Colours : Jnd out of J hmgs 
vneoloured 4w</*rranfparent , v^ee can reprejem 
"^fnto JOH all feuerall Colours '^ 3\(ot in Raine- 
bowes, (^a^it is /wGemmes, WPrifmes, ) but of 
themfelues Single, JVee reprefent alfo all Multi- 
plications o/^Light, Tifhich vpee carry to great Di^ 
(lance: and ma^ Jo Sharpc, as to dijcerne fmall 


,?\(yiii> ^dantu. 


j Ponies .<a«^ Lines. ftAlfo «// Colourations of 
j Light. 2^i/ Delufions W Deceits of the Sight, m 
j Figures, Magnitudes, Motions, Colours; <L^tl 
Demonrtrations of Shadowcf^. Wee finde aifo] 
diTtcrje Mtanesjetvnktiolfi'netojoti^of Producing 1 
df Light > ortginaJlyy JromtHuerfe Bodies. fVee 
procure tTieaHer of Seing Obie<5ts a-farr off. c/^j m 
the Heauen, 4»^ Remote Places; aAnd revrcjent 
T\m\p Neare ^j A-farr off;(L//«^ Lhiiigs A-farr 
o^as Nearej ^5\^aking Fagincd Diftances. Wte 
haaealjo Helps for the Sight, fan alpoue ^Spcdtacles 
/md Glaffes in vje. Wee haue Aifo Glaffes and 
Meanes,/o/f^ Small <»/7^ Minute Bodies, ^<?r> 
fe'dlj and diflinUly • <iAsthe Shapes and Colours 
<?/Small Flies <;?«</ VVormcSjGraincs ^WFIaweSj 
in Ge mines vifhich cannot otimvpije be feene, Obler- 
uations in Vrine and Bloud not other mfe to befeen. 
Wee mal{e ArttficiallRame-Bowes, Halo's, W 
CwcXcs, about Light. Wee refrefentaifo aQman 
wero/ Reflexions, Refra(5lions,4«i/ Multiplicati^ 
onso/VifuallBeameso/ObieiJls. '-ju- 

Wee kiue alfo Pretious Stones of aliunde f , ma^ 
ny of them of ^r cat beauty and to you yn/^noTi^ne : 
C h y ilalls lik^^vifc; e^/;^'Glaffes oj diuerfc fancies - 
And amongfl them fome of Mettals Vitriticated,4«^ 
other Matenalls, Oefides thoje of it'hichjou maJ^ 
QIaffc. (^l/o a Clumber of Foffiles, 4w^ Iniper- 
fe<5t \4ineralls, yphich jott haue Hdt, Lifymfe 
Loadftoivs of 'Prodigious Venue : ^nd other rare 

\ Stones,both Naturall and Artificiall. 

! . ' f I Wee 


J%ei^ d/ftiantis. 


IVee haue alfo Sound-houfes, \\ber wee praUife \ 
and demon/irate ali Soundsy and tbeir Generation: j 
H'^ee haue Harmonies '»hich ycu haue not, of Quar- 
ter-Sounds, and ieffer Slides r/ Sounds. Diuerje 
Inftruments of Alufickc lil^mfe toyouynk^oiopne, 
fome Tweeter than any jou haue-^ T'ogetbermtb 
Bells and Rings that are dainty and JMet, iVee 
reprejent Small Sounds as Great <!iWDeepe; Lil^^ 
mfe Great Sounds, Extenuate and Sharpc; IVee 
mal^e diuerfe Tremblings and VV^arblings of 
Sounds, »/6if^ j«fA«> Original! «jyf Entire. Wee 
refrefent and imitate all Articulate Sounds and 
Letters, and the V^oicts a nd Notes <9/Beafts^«<^| 
Buds. Wee haue cert aine Helps, rphich Jet to the\ 
Esirt doe further the Hearing ^really. .H^'ce hauel 
alfo diuer/e Strange W Artificial! Echo\s, Re- 
fle(5ting the Voice many times , and as it were ToT- 
fing it : And [ome that giue hac( the Voice Low- 
der than it cam^^y fome Shriller, and fome Dee- 
per; Yea fome rendering the Voice, Diffcrwigm 
the Letters or Articulate Sound, from that they 
receiue. Wee haue alfo meanes to conuey Sounds 
in Trunkes «?»^ Pipes, in firange l^incs andDi- 

IVeehaue alf9VtTi\Jin\zA\o\x{ts^'^Mh€remth iii>ee\ 
iqyne alfo Pradlifes of Tafte. IVee Aluluplyi 
SmcWsy lophicb may/eeme flrange. IVee Imitate 
Smells, making all Smells to breath cut of other ; 
Mixtures than tb§fe that giue them , Wee mal^e ' 
diuerfe Imitations ofToi^elif^m/e, Jo that they, 

!h(jrt) oyltlantis. 


mil ciccejue any Alans Tafte. ^ndin this Houfe 
nrecontaine al/oO' Confiture-Houfe- fphere ivee 
mal^ all Sweet Meate$, Dry ari(^ Moill; ^Jnd 
\dmrjepleajant Wines, Milks, Broaths, ^WSal- 
Iets,y^rr in greater variety, than you baue. 

Wee bans alfo Enginc<'Houfes, yi^here are pre^ 
pared Engines and Inftruments /or all ^orts of 
Motions . There yuee imitate and praUife to rnaf^e 
Swifter AlotionSy than any you haue, either 
out of jour Muskctts, or any Engine that you 
haue : (L.'^nd to Make thenuj, and Multiply 
thtni-, more Eafily, and \pttb Small Force, hy 
VVheeles, ami other Meanes ; oAud to mal^ 
^/'^/jiStronger, ^«^ iworf Violent, than yours are\ 
kxceeding your greatejl Cannons <?w^ Bafilisks. 
IVee reprefent aijo Ordnance and Inftruments 
^/ Vv arr, and Engines of all Kinder : And 
lil{eyiife ,J\(j:yp Mixtures and Compofuions of 
Gun-Powder, Wilde-Fires burning in Water, 
and Vnquenchable. oy^l/o Firc-workes of ali 
Variety both for Pleafure, and Vie. Wee imt- 
tate alfo Flights of Birds. Wee hauefome De- 
greesc^/ Flying in the Ay re . Wee haue Miipps 
and Boutes for Goijag vnacr V^^ater, and Broo- 
king o/Seas, ^//o^iwimming^Girdles 4«rt' Sup- 
porters, ll^cehaue dtuers curious Clocks j zAnd 
other Itke Motions o/^Returnc* o^nd fomeFcr-<\ 
petuall Motion?. PP'ee imitate alfo Motions of\ 
Lining Creatures, by Images of Men, Bcafts, j 
Birds, Fillies, 4W Serpents, We^ haue alfo a\ 


great I 


.TV^f).)' zAtlantu. 


^reat; J\(u,mber of other ^anom Motions, //range \ 
for Equality, FincnelTe,WSubtiky. j 

Wehauealfo a Mathernacicall-Houfe, \d)ereare 
reprejented aU Inftnimencs, as T^ello/Gtomttryy 
as Aftronomy, exquifrely made. 

Wee haue alfo Houfcs oj Deceits of the Sen- 
fes; Vfhere wee reprefent all manner o/F cats (^/i^g- 
ling, Falfe Apparitions, Impoftures, and l\iuf\- 
ons. ^nd their Fallaces. e^W /urelj you mil 
ea/ilyheleeue, that me, that haue Jo many Things 
truly Naturall, Tphich induce Admiration, could 
in a World of Particulars tye-caW the Senfes, // 
Ji>ee vpould dtfguife thofe Things, and labour to mal^e 
themjeeme more Miraculous. "But wee doe hate all 
Impoftures , 4 W Lies : fnjomuch as we haue fe^ 
uerely forbidden it to all our F cWowcs, ^nder paine 
of Ignominy and Fines, that they doe not (Ikw any 
Naturall vvorke or'Thingy AdornedorSivqlling; 
butonely Pure as it is, and without all Affectation 
of StrangenefTe. 

Thefeare (^my Sonne") the '^ches of Salomons 

For the feuerall Employments and Offices 
of our Fellowes ; fVee haue Tiwelue that SayU 
into Forraine Countreys vnder the Names of 
other Nations, ( for our owne wee conccale ; ) 
Who bring- ys the Bookes, and Abftrads, and 
Pattcrnes of Experiments of all other Parts. 


JA(>)J' ^4tlantis, 


The feTt>ee call Merchants o/Liglir. 

Wee ham Three that Colled: the Experi- 
ments i^htch are m all Booke \ Theje n>ee call Dc> 

iVee haue Three that Collet the Experi- 
ments of all Mechanical! Arts ; tAnd alfo of 
Liberall Sciences • zyind alfo of Pradifes vnhich 
are not Brought into Art«. '^Ihefe^eecalilAy^ 

Wee haue Three that try New Experiments 
fiich as themfeiues thinl{€ ^ood, Theje Tpee call Pi- 
oners or Miners. 

Wee haue Three that Draw the Experiment 
of the Former Foure into i itles, and Tables, to 
gme the better light for the arawing of Obferua- 
tions and Axiomes out of them. The/e rfee call 

Wee haue Three that tend themfeluei^ Looking 
into the Experiments of their Fellowes-, andcajla- 
\bout hon^ to draw out of them Things of V(c,and 
Practife /or Adans Hfe, and Knowledge, as tvell 
for VVorkes as Jor Plaine Dcmonftration of 
Caufes, Meanes of Naturall Dminations, and 
the eafie and cleare Difcouery of the Vcrtues 
^W Parts of Bodies* TheJeVDce call Dowry-men 
or Benefactors. 

Then after diver/e Meetings 4«^Confults of 
our nhole Number,/o conftder of the former ha^ 
hours and Colkctions^ypee haue Three thattaf^ 
care, out of them^to Dired New Expcriments,o/^rf 



*7\(el'i> Qyltlanlii. 

Higher Light, more Penetrating into Nature than 

/fo Former. T^he/e Vi^ee call Lamps. 
iVee haue 'Three others that doe Execute the 

Experimentsyb DiYe6ttd,and Report them. The/e 

Vpee call Inoculators, 

LaJIly, ia>ee haue Three that raife the former Dif- 
, coueries hy Experiments, into Gerater Obferua- 

tioas Axiomes, and Aphonfmes. The/e yuee call 

Interpreters 0/ Nature. 

Wee haue alfo, as jou mufl thin{e, Nouices and 
z^pprenticesS, that the Succefiion of the former Em^ 
ployed ifMen doe notfaile^ ^ejides a great S^um- 
her d?/$eruants ^W Attendants, Men and VVo-l 
men. ^ndthtsvpee doealfo: IVee h aue Con^xj^tgiA 
tions, ipphich of the Inuenrions and Experiences, 
n>hichvfee haue difcouered^ /hall beeTuhlilheci, and 
yfhich not : (t^nd tal^e all an O^th of Sccvcck^ for 
the Concealing of thofe "i^hich Tuee thinly fit to l^epe 
Secret : Though [ome of ihofe ippee doereuealc fome- 
times to the State^ andjomenot* 

For our Ordinances and Rites : Wee hauf 
two yerj Long, and Faire Galleries .* fn one of 
thefe rpee place Patterns and Samples of at 
manner of the more Rare ^«^ Excellent Inuen-, 
tions : fn the other m>ee place the Statua's of aB 
Principall Inuentours. There ivee haue the Sta-- 
tua of jour Columbus, that difcouered the^^ 


.TV^cJJ' (^t/antii. 


VVeitindies ; ^Ijothe Inuentour of Shipps: 
"^our Monke that in^as the Inuentour oj Oi dnance, 
afid 0/ Gunpowder : The Inuentour 0/ Mu- 
ficke T T/»i^ Inuentour o/Letrers : T^be Inuen- 
touro/Pnncing ; Ti&^ Inuentour o/^Obferua- 
tions of Allronomy : The Inuentour of \Vorks 
in Mettall ; ^/ he Inuentour o/GlafTc : ne In- 
uentour of^ilkc of the VVorme .• The Inuen- 
tour o/^VVine: The Inuentour of Come and 
Bread : Ihc Inuentour of Sugars : ^nd all 
thefe, by more ccrtaine Tradition , than jou haue. 
Then haue me diuerfelnu^mouTs o/owrOsvnc, 
of Excellent Works. JVhich Jince jou haue not 
/eenc^ it vpere too long to mal^ Defcriptions of 
them ; Q^^nd be fides, in tbe^ right Vnderftanding 
of ibofe Defcriptions you might eafilj erre. For 
ypon euerj Inuention of Falerp, x^eeereBa Sta- 
tua to the Inuentour, and giue him a Liherall and 
Honourable Reward. Tl:>efe Statua's are, fome 
^f BralTe ; fome §f Marble and Toucbltone; 
fome of Cedar and other ffeciall VV^oods gilt 
and adorned; fome of Iron; fome of Siluer; fome of 

VVehme certainc Hymncs and Seruices, la^hich 
veee fay dajly^ of Laud and Tliankes to God for 
his ^tSMarueilom Works ; oJnd Formes of Pray- 
ers, imploring hts Aide WBlefsing/or /,6f Illu- 
mination of our Laboursj aiid the turningofthem 
into Goodd«JHoly Vfes. 

Lafilj, wee haue Clrcu its or Vifits, 0/ diuerje 



^^iii> <^tiantu. 


' Principall Citties of the Kingdoaie ; yrhere m h \ 
commtth tofoffey yt>ee doe publifh Juch Ih(eyp?xQ^^ 
tablelnuentions, 41/ i»ee think^ good, ^ndvpee 
ddt alfo didart Natur^Il Diuinations of Difea- 
fes. Plagues, Svvarmes o/HurtFull Creatures, 
ScafCety, Tempefts, Earthquakes, Great Inun* 
datiotis , Cometts, Temperature of the Yearc, 
and diner ft other Thingi-^ Md 7i>ee giue Coun- 
fell thereupon, Vfhat the'?to^\t fhali doe, ^or the 
PreUtntion and Remedy ofihem^ 


And when Hcc had /a^yd this , Hcc Hood vp : And I, as 
I had bccnc taught , kneeled dowrtc; and Hcc layd his Right 
Hand vpon my Hcadj^ndfeyd,- GOD blejj'e thee^mySanns^ 
And GOD hlefft %bu ^kthn, which I haue made. I giue thee 
leaue to Publijh it^ for the Oood of other Nations ^ For "^ee here 4r* 
in GODiS Bofdmej a Land 'vnknoycme. And fo hcc left mcc j 
Hauingafsigncda valcw df about two Thoufand Duckets, 
for a Bounty to mcc and sriy FelloWcs, For they giucgrcac 
L&rge^s, vrhcf c :hcy coolt, vpon all occaiions . 


uii^ '^ 

The reft Ttpoj not Perfected, 




P R yE C I P V E Q^V O A D 

".Z;^^":^^;^//^ Prolongation c/Lifc. 

TheKt^imuon of Youth in [omc^ 
-„ ..^^';^T7?f Retardation o/"Aae. 
i "I be L^urnig 0/ untgiks coumed 

I Incurable. 
77;^ Mitigations?/ Paine. 
^P^ore Eafie andleffe Loathfomc Purgings. 
T/'tf Encreafingo/Strength and A<^m\tY. 
The Encreafing of Ability tofujfer Torture or 

TZ'^ Altering of Complexions ; WFatnclTe, 

Tl^i* A Icen ng o/Satiires. 
I T/7f?i\ltering o/Fetatures. 
The Encreafing and Exalting o/r^^ InteileAuall 

Verfions o/^ Bodies /«/Oi?/^<?r Bodies. 
Makingo/ New Species. 
Tranfpianting of one Species into another, 
1 nftruments of Deftrud:ion , m (?/ Warre and 
Poyfon. Ex- 



J^VP ^tiant'u. [j[/ijfjtfa;ihf 

Exhilaration of the Spirits, ^w^ Putting them in 

Force tf///>^ Imagination, either vf on another Bo- 

dy, or ypon the Body itfelfe. 
Acceleration ofTimtin Maturations. 
Acceleration ofTmt in Clarifications. 
Acceleration o/' Putrefaction. 
Acceleration oj^ Dccodtion. 
Acceleration (jy Germination. 
Making Rich Compoftsyor the Earth. 
\m^rtk\ov\sof the Aire,4«</Raifing o/Tcmpefts. 
Great Alteration ; zAsin Induration, EmoUiti' 

on, 6cc. 
'TmningCvu^t and VVatry Subftances,/«r(? Oyly 

WVndiousSubftances. | 

J)ramng of New Foods o«r^Subftances«o^«p»^ 

Maf^n^ New Threds for Apparell ; And New 

Ruffes, Such as are Paper, Glaffcj&c. 
Naturall Diuinations* 
Deceptions p//^tfScnfes. 
(jteater Pleasures of the Senfes. • 

<t/fr///cwi/ Minerals 4«rfCements.