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Full text of "Synthetic organic chemicals : United States production and sales"

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Given By 
U. S, SUPT. OF DOCUMO'ii 



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UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 
WASHINGTON 



Tariff Information Series — No. 23 



CENSUS OF DYES AND 
COAL-TAR CHEMICALS 

1920 




WASHINGTON 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

1921 



BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 9999 06317 176 1 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 
WASHINGTON 



Tariff Information Series — No. 23 



CENSUS OF DYES AND 
COAL-TAR CHEMICALS 

1920 




WASHINGTON 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

1921 



U. S. SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS 
UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION. 

Office: Eighth and E Streets N W., Washington, D. C. 

COMMISSIONERS. 

Thomas Walker Page, Chairman. 
Thomas 0. Marvin, Vice Chairman. 
David J. Lewis. 
William S. Culbertson. 
Edward P. Costigan. 



John F. Bethune, Secretary. 



ADDITIONAL COPIES 

OF THIS PUBLICATION MAY BE PROCURED FROM 

THE SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON, D. C. 

AT 

10 CENTS PER COPY 



LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL. 



United States Tariff Commission, 

Washington, June 28, 1921. 
To THE President: 

The Tariff Commission transmits herewith a report showing the 
results of the census of production of dyes and related coal-tar 
chemicals for the year 1920. This census has been taken in con- 
formity with the letter of the President dated October 27, 1917, 
requesting the Tariff Commission to secure the information on the 
relation between the domestic production and the imports of dyes 
and other coal-tar chemicals, required by section 501 of the act of 
September 8, 1916. 



Very respectfully, 



Thomas Walker Page, Chairman. 
Thomas O. Marvin, Vice Chairman. 
David J. Lewis. 
William S. Culbertson. 
Edward P. Costigan. 



The President, 

The White House, Washington. 



INTRODUCTION. 



This report is a survey of the domestic dye and coal-tar chemical 
industry in 1920. It presents the results of a special investigation 
made by the United States Tariff Commission as to the production, of 
dyes and other coal-tar chemicals in the United States and of the im- 
ports of dyes. The report is divided into four parts, as follows: 

Part I, a summary of developments in dyes and coal-tar chemicals 
1920, describes the progress made in the various branches of the 
American industry. The relation of the export and import trade to 
the industry is briefly shown. 

Part II, tlie production of dyes and coal-tar chemicals in 1920, gives 
a detailed discussion of the significant facts in the production of crude, 
intermediate, and finished coal-tar products during 1920. Dyes are 
classified by their methods of application, and imports in 1914 (fiscal 
year) and 1920 (calendar year) are compared with production from 
1917 to 1920, inclusive. The number of employees, rates of pay, 
and cost of research in the coal-tar chemical industry are shown. 

Part III, dyes imporied for consumption in the United States, 1920, 
calendar year, shows the quantity and value of imports of individual 
dyes, and the percentage of quantity of each dye by countries of 
origin. 

Part IV, an appendix, gives the imports and exports of coal-tar 
dyes and chemicals and of natural dyes since 1917. A list of manu- 
facturers whose production during 1920 was reported to the Tariff 
Commission is also shown 



In the preparation of this report the Tariff Commission had the 
services of Warren N. Watson, A. R. Willis, and C. R. De Long, of 
the chemical division and of others of the commission's staff. 



CONTENTS. 



TEXT. 

Letter of transmittal 3 

Introduction 5 

PART I. 

Summary of developments in dyes and coal-tar chemicals, 1920: 

Introductory 11 

Important developments in the domestic industry — 

Crudes , 12 

Intermediates 12 

Dyes — 

Domestic output 13 

Number of manufacturers of each dye 14 

Imports 14 

Exports 14 

Production and consumption 14 

Other finished coal-tar products 15 

PART II. 

Production of dyes and coal-tar chemicals in 1920: 
Crudes — 

Increased by-product coke-oven capacity 19 

Output of coal-tar crudes 19 

Intennediates — 

Introductory 22 

Increased output of fundamental intermediates 22 

Benzene derivatives 23 

Toluene derivatives 23 

Xylene derivatives 24 

Naphthalene derivatives 24 

Anthracene derivatives 24 

Dyes and other finished coal-tar products — 

Introductory 32 

Dyes — 

Summary of production in 1920 32 

Number of manufacturers of each dye 32 

Relation of production to consumption 33 

Production of dyes by classes 34 

Acid 34 

Basic 36 

Direct 36 

Color lake and spirit soluble 37 

Mordant and chrome 38 

Sulphur 39 

Vat 39 

Important dyes imported 40 

Domestic dyes exported from the United States 42 

Production of dyes in Germany 46 

Other finished coal-tar products — 

Color lakes 48 

Photograi)hic chemicals 48 

Medicinals 48 

Flavors and perfume materials 49 

Synthetic resins 49 

Synthetic tanning materials 49 

Employees and rates of pay 60 

Research work 62 

7 



8 CONTENTS. 

PART III. 

Dyes imported for consumption in United States, 1920 (calendar year): Page. 

Introductory ;. 65 

Summary of imports of dyes during 1920 66 

Detailed imports of dyes during 1920 68 

PART IV. 
Appendix: 

Statistics of imports and exports, 1917-1920 • 103 

Directory of manufacturers of coal-tar products, 1920 116 

TABLES. 

1. Summary of production of coal-tar chemicals, 1919 and 1920 15 

2. By-products obtained from coke-oven operations, 1919 and 1920 20 

3. Production of coal-tar crudes during 1920, by firms not primarily engaged 

in the operation of coke-oven plants and gas houses 21 

4. Comparison of production of coal-tar crudes, 1919 and 1920, by firms not 

piimarily engaged in the operation of coke-oven plants and gas houses. . 22 

5. Production of coal-tar intermediates during 1920 25 

6. Comparison of production of coal-tar intermediates, 1919 and 1920 29 

7. Production of chemicals for sale for research and experimental purposes, 

1920 30 

8. Analysis of production of dyes in 1920 by number of manufacturers making 

each dye 33 

9. Comparison of imports, 1914 and 1920, with production of dyes, 1917 to 

1920, inclusive, by classes 40 

10. Comparison of dyes imported in largest quantity with domestic production, 

1920, by classes 41 

11. Domestic exports of dyes by months, July, 1917, to April, 1921 45 

12. One-quarter of production in German dye plants reserved for purchase of 

Allied and Associated Governments, February, 1920, to March, 1921 47 

13. Production of finished coal-tar products, 1920 50 

14. Comparison of production of finished coal-tar products, 1919 and 1920 58 

15. Employees and rates of pay in 1920 61 

16. Comparison of employees and rates of pay, 1919 and 1920 1 61 

17. Summary of dyes imported for consumption in the United States during 

calendar year 1920, classified by application 66 

18. Imports of dyes during calendar year 1920 69 

19. Imports of coal-tar products entered for consumption, 1917-1920 103 

20. General im.ports of coal-tar products, by countries, 1918-1920, calendar 

years 109 

21. Domestic exports of coal tar and of dyes and dyestuffs, 1918-1920, calendar 

years - 113 

22. Imports and exports of inks and ink powders, 1918-1920, calendar years. . . 115 

FIGURES. 

1. Comparison of production and imports of dyes by classes 35 

2. Value of domestic exports of dyes by months ^ 43 



PART I 

SUMMARY OF DEVELOPMENTS IN DYES AND 
COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1920 



PART L 

SUMMARY OF DEVELOPMENTS IN DYES AND COAL-TAR 
CHEMICALS, 1920. 



Inteoductor Y . 

The United States Tariff Comiodssion has reported annually, be- 
ginning with 1917, the progress of the American dye industry. 
These reports in each instance have been based upon a census of 
production of dyes and other coal-tar chemicals taken in accordance 
with a request of the President for information necessary to achnin- 
istex section 501 of the act of September 8, 1916. In the 1919 report 
and in the present 1920 report production figures on dyes are supple- 
mented by a detailed analysis of imports. Other reports prepared 
by the Tariff Commission relating to conditions in the dye industry 
include (1) Costs of Production in the Dye Industry, 1918 and 1919; 
and (2) Dyes and Other Coal-Tar Chemicals, December 12, 1918. 

The general grouping of coal-tar chemicals adopted in the present 
1920 report follows that of the act of September 8, 191G, which con- 
forms in general (although not in every detail) with common prac- 
tice: Group I, crudes, exempt from duty, are contained in and 
separated irom crude coal tar; Group II, intermediates, dutiable at 
15 per cent and 2 J cents per pound, are produced from the crudes by 
chemical processes and, with some exceptions, are used only for the 
manufactui-e of dyes or other finished products by further chemical 
treatment, and Group III, dyes and other finished products now 
dutiable in part at 30 per cent and in part at 30 per cent and 5 cents 
per pound. The term " other finished products" includes color lakes, 
photographic chemicals, medicinals, flavors, perfume materials, 
synthetic resins, and synthetic tanning materials. A summary of 
the production of coal-tar products in 1920 according to the classes 
given above is shown in Table 1 . 

The 1920 report is based on the production of 213 hrms engaged in 
the manufacture of coal-tar products, which, it is believed, represents 
a complete record of the production of dyes and coal-tar chemicals 
in the United States. The quantity and value of the domestic pro- 
duction of each product and the analysis of these figures are given 
in as great detail as possible without revealing the operations of 
individual manufacturers. Dyes unported for consumption during 
the calendar year 1920 are also reported as to quantity, invoice 
value, and countries of origin. The report also presents a detailed 
analysis of the export trade in dyes, by months, from July, 1917, to 
April, 1921, inclusive- 

11 



12 census of dyes and coal-tar chemicals. 

Important Developments in the Domestic Industry. 

CRUDES. 

The output of coal tar by American coke ovens is sufficient to meet 
the demands of the domestic coal-tar chemical industry for crude 
materials. During 1920 the output of by-product ovens increased 
23 per cent. Of the total quantity of coke produced, 60 per cent 
was by-product and 40 per cent beehive. So far as crude materials 
are concerned, there is no obstacle to the development of a complete 
line of dyes and other coal-tar chemicals in this country. 

In the production of the essential crudes — benzene, toluene, 
naphthalene, and anthracene — there was a large gain in quantity in 
1920. Anthracene, used as a raw material in the manufacture of 
vat and alizarin dyes, showed a particularly encouraging increase, 
but the quantity produced was inadequate to supply the domestic 
demand based on tlie prewar consumption. A year ago the question 
of how to obtain an adequate supply of anthracene was one of the 
most vital problems facing the dye industry in this country. During 
1920 the commercial production of synthetic anthraquinone in 
increased amounts gives promise of solving this very important 
problem. The indications now are that as fast as the needs of the 
dye makers increase for these two fundamental products the domestic 
output will meet these demands. The production of crudes is shown 
in detail in Part II of this report. 

intermediates. 

The total production of intermediates in 1920 v/as 257,726,911 
pounds, valued at $95,291,686, an increase of 45 per cent in quantity 
over that of 1919. The average value per pound of all intermediates 
showed practically no change from that of the previous year. The 
1919 production, however, was below the total quantity made in 1918, 
when the intermediates reached 357,662,251 pounds. The abnormally 
low output in 1919 is explained by the faUing off of the demands for 
munitions and poison gases following the signing of the armistice, 
as well as by the smaller requirements for dyes to supply military 
needs. 

During 1920 intermediates were consumed almost exclusively in 
the manufacture of coal-tar dyes, photographic chemicals, medicinals, 
flavors, perfume materials, synthetic phenolic resins, and synthetic 
tanning materials. Not only did certain intermediates — such as 
aniline oil, benzidine, H acid, betanaphthol — used in producing 
those dyes which represent the bulk of output, show large increases, 
but there was also a general increased output of those intermediates 
previously used in relatively small quantities in the production of 
last colors and special types. This general tendency gave a better 
balance in the production of intermediates for our normal require- 
ments. Of the 236 intermediates reported, 70 were produced for 
the first time in 1920. There are still certain intermediates not 
reported, or reported only in small amounts, which must be added to 
the American mdustry to give a complete line of colors. 

An important development in the production in 1920 of products 
classed as ''intermediates,'' although used as finished products, is 



SUMMARY OF DEVELOPMENTS IN 1920. 13 

represented by the production for the first time of triphenyl phosphate 
in substantial quantities and the output of tricresyl phosphate in 
lesser quantities. These two coal-ttir products have been developed 
as substitutes for camphor in the manufacture of pj^roxylin plastics. 
Although it is doubtful whether these products can completely replace 
camphor in the manufacture of pyroxylin plastics, they ofi^er a means 
of overcoming to some degree the monopoly which Japan has held in 
the past in the production of camphor. 

DYES. 

Domestic output. — In 1920, 82 manufacturers reported a total pro- 
duction of 88,263,776 pounds of dyes, valued at $95,613,749. Of 
the 360 or more dyes reported 240 were identified by Schultz tables. 
The quantity produced in 1920 represents an increase of about 40 per 
cent over that of 1919 and exceeds the imports of 1914 by 92 per cent. 
In general the dyes used in large quantities were made in amounts 
sufficient to supply the American needs. A number of these colors 
were made in considerable excess of our domestic needs and formed 
a large part of our export trade in dyes during 1920. The tendency 
of the year's development w^as toward a better balance in both variety 
and qua,ntity of those dyes required for domestic use. The American 
dye manufacturer is now approaching the stage where he is beginning 
to manufacture dyes of secondary importance, so far as quantity 
consumed is concerned. 

The output during 1920 of the dyes, by classes according to their 
method of application, was as follows: Acid, 17,741,538 pounds, an 
increase of 45 per cent over 1919; basic, 4,993,001 pounds, an increase 
of 24 per cent; direct, 19,882,631 pounds, an increase of 37 per cent; 
lake and spirit soluble, 2,205,281 pounds, an increase of 21 per cent; 
mordant and chrome, 3,900,209 pounds, a slight decrease; sulphur, 
20,034,500 pounds, a 14 per cent increase; vats (including indigo), 
19,338,099 pounds; indigo, 18,178,231, an increase of over 100 per 
cent; other vats, 1,159,868, an increase of nearly 200 per cent; and 
unclassified, 168,517 pounds. 

One of the outstanding features of 1920 was the production of 
18,178,231 pounds of indigo, valued at $13,497,981. This quantity 
exceeds by 105 per cent the production of 1919 and is 116 per cent 
greater than the importation of 1914. Sulphur black, which has 
previously been the first color in quantity produced, ranked second 
m 1920 ^vith an output of 16,305,037 pounds. These two colors were 
exported in large quantity in that year. 

Definite progress was made in the production of ^'vat dyes other 
than indigo"; the output of this class increased from 389,158 pounds 
in 1919 to 1,159,868 pounds in 1920. The vat dyes in common with 
alizarin derivatives of the ''mordant and chrome class" were among 
the last to be developed (indigo excepted) because of their complex 
character, the high cost of production, difficulty of anthracene supplies, 
German control of patents, and the small quantity for which there is a 
market. The total quantity of '' vat dyes including indigo " produced 
in 1920 was 87 per cent greater than the imports of this class during 
1914. The excess of the 1920 production over the prewar consump- 
tion is due to the increased production of a comparatively few colors, 
especially indigo. Although there has been an adequate output of 



14 CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 

certain vat dyes which have been produced, the class has not been 
made in a sufficient variety of colors. The progress of 1920 has 
demonstrated the ability of the American industry to produce vat 
dyes on a large scale, but this class of dyes is as yet incompletely 
developed. 

Number oj manufacturers of each dye. — A study of the dyes produced 
during 1920 from the standpoint of the number of manufacturers 
producing each dye shows that of the 360 dyes produced, 108 were 
each manufactured by three or more firms; the output of these 
represented 92 per cent of the total quantity produced in 1920. Of 
the total number of dyes produced, 200 were each manufactured by 
one firm only, but these dyes represented only 5 per cent of the total 
output. A fact of still greater significance was tnat over one-half of 
the total output consisted of those dyes (35 in number) each of which 
was made by seven or more separate firms. 

Imports of dyes. — In 1920 (calendar year) the total imports of coal- 
tar dyes were 3,402,582 pounds valued at $5,763,437, a decrease of 
about 99,000 pounds from the imports of the fiscal year 1920. Fifty- 
one per cent of these dyes came from Germany, 34 per cent from 
Switzerland, 6 per cent from England, and 9 per cent from all other 
countries. ''Vat dyes other than indigo" made up the largest class 
imported and totaled 761,363 pounds. Part III, of the report con- 
tains a detailed analysis of dyes imported during the calendar year 
1920. 

Exports of dyes. — The exports of dyes are grouped by the Com- 
merce Department reports under (1) aniline dyes, (2) logwood ex- 
tract, and (3) all other dyes and dyestuffs, and only the value of 
these groups is given. The total exports of "aniline dyes" in 1920 
was §22,450,480, which was more than 100 per cent increase over 
that of 1919. The combined exports of "aniline dyes" and "all 
other dyes and dyestuffs" were valued at $29,823,591 in 1920, 
which is nearly double the value of 1919 shipments. In the first 
four months of 1921 the exports of "anihne dyes" showed a rapid 
decline, receding from a value of $943,595 in January to $305,760 in 
April. This represents a large decrease from the average monthly 
export of $1,870,873 in 1920 and was undoubtedly chiefly due to the 
appearance of German dyes, either directly or through reexport of 
reparation dyes, in the large export markets of the world, such as 
China, India and Japan. 

The Tariif Commission jn its i-eport on dyes for 1919 in discussing 
this subject said that — 

In estimating the significance of this achievement of the domestic industry in 
the exportation of dyes it should be rememljered that domestic manufacturers during 
1919 and 1920 have met little competition in foreign markets from German dyes. It 
should also be pointed out that any deductions as to the competitive strength of the 
doini'stic industry which are based on exports of dyes do not take into consideration 
the fact that the domestic industry is still deficient in the important group of vat and 
alizarin dyes. 

The significance of this statement is borne out by the lapid de- 
crease in the exports of dyes during the first four months of 1921 as 
outlined above. 

Production and consumption. — The tariff act of September 8, 1916, 
provides that unless by September 8, 1921, the domestic industry 



SUMMARY OF DEVELOPMENTS IN 1920. 



15 



shall produce 60 per cent of the value of domestic consumption, 
specific duties on dyes and other coal-tar products shall no longer 
be assessed. A study of this provision in the tariff law shows that 
it is not clear or definite as to whether this ''60 per cent" clause 
should be applied to individual coal-tar products or to groups of 
coal-tar products taken as a whole — such as dyes. For purposes of 
discussion, it will be assumed that it applies to groups taken as a 
whole and that domestic production is represented by production 
plus imports minus exports. 

An analysis of the figures for the value of production, imports and 
exports shows that the value of the domestic output of dyes in 1920 
was at least equal to 120 per cent of the domestic consumption. 
(See page 33 for detailed discussion of production and consumption.) 

OTHER FINISHED COAL-TAR PRODUCTS. 



There were large and conspicuous increases as compared with 1919 
in the total production of synthetic tanning materials. The develop- 
ment in the United States of synthetic tanning materials is compara- 
tively recent and the progress in this branch of coal-tar products in 
1920 shows that these synthetic materials promise to take an im- 
portant place in the tanning industry. The output of color lakes, 
perfume materials, and synthetic resins also showed a considerable 
gain in output during 1920. The production of photograpliic chemi- 
cals and coal-tar medicinals showed little change, over the output of 
1919, while the output of flavors showed a marked decrease in 1920. 



Table 1. — Swnmary of the prodtiction of coal-tar chemicals, 1919 and 1920. 



Group I. — Crudes ' 

Group II. — Intermediates 

Group III. — Finished products. 



Dyes: 

Dutiable at 30 per cent plus 

cents per pound 

Dutiable at 30 per cent 



Total of dvcs. 



Color lakes, dutiable at 30 per cent 
plus 5 cents per pound 

PliotOt<jraphic chemicals, dutiable at 
.30 per cent plus 5 cents per pound. . 

Medicinals, dutiable at 30 per cent 

Flavors, dutiable at 30 per cent 

Synthetic phenolic resins, dutiable at 
30 per cent plus 5 cents per pound. . 

Tanning materials 

Perfume m.aterials 



Num- 
ber of 
manu- 
fac- 
turers. 



24 
116 
ir,5 



90 



31 



Quantity. 



Pounds. 



177, 362, 426 
82, 532, 390 



52, 310, 482 
11,091,712 



63, 402, 194 



335, 509 

6, 777, 988 

610, 825 

3, 794, 534 
41,419 



Value. 



$17, 657, 750 
63, 210, 079 
84, 585, 544 



59, 950, 522 
7, 648, 333 



67, 598, 855 



4,179,964 

1,059,340 
7,8.S.3,071 
1, 318, 654 



2,381,358 
164,302 



Num- 
ber of 
manu- 
fac- 
turers. 



27 
119 
161 



Quantity. 



Founds. 



257,726,911 
112,942,227 



67, 216, 032 
21,017,744 



Value. 



$21,163,937 
95,291,686 
112,731,547 



77, 472, 8-11 
IS, 140, 908 



95, 613, 749 



10, 983, 538 

440, 759 

5, 1S4,9S9 

166, 884 

4, 659, 680 

3, 142, S61 

99, 740 



1,015,848 

5, 726, 776 

527, 493 

3, 410, 179 
233,674 
332, 008 



1 Production of coal-tar distillers does not include production of crudes at by-product coke ovens, which 
T^as reiiorted to United States Geological Survey. 



PART II 



PRODUCTION OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS 

IN 1920 



55558-°— 21— No. 23 2 17 



PART II. 
PRODUCTION OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS IN 1920. 



Crudes. 



Increased by-product coke-oven capacity. — The total output of 
by-product coke in 1920, as reported by the United States Geological 
Survey, was 30,908,000 net tons, an increase of 23 per cent over that 
of 1919, when 25,142,542 tons were produced. Of the total 1920 coke 
production, 60 per cent was made from by-product ovens and 40 per 
cent from beehive ovens. During 1920 over 700 new by-product coke 
ovens were placed in operation, thus making a total of over 10.000 
by-product ovens, which have supplemented the wasteful beehive 
type in this country. This increase in productive capacity of by- 
product coke gives the American dye mdustry further assurance of 
an adequate supply of coal tar for the distillation of crudes. While 
anthracene has been in the past the only crude not available in ade- 
quate amounts, the developments of 1920 m synthetic anthraquinone 
and the increased output of crude anthracene indicate that as the 
requirements of the domestic dye manufacturer increase, this demand 
can be met from the combined production of anthracene and synthetic 
anthraquinone. 

Output oj coal-tar crudes. — The crudes produced by distillation at 
by-product coke ovens are reported to the United States Geological 
Survey. The output from this source for 1919 and the preliminary 
figures for 1920 are shown in Table 2. The production of crudes by 
firms engaged primarily in the operation of coal-tar distilleries was 
reported to the United vStates Tariff Commission and is shown in 
Table 3. The figures from both sources must be considered in arriv- 
ing at the total output for a given year. The two tables referred to, 
however, do not include the production of crudes at coal-gas, water- 
gas, and oil-gas plants. Data for the production in these plants is 
being compiled by the United States Geological Survey, but is not yet 
available lor publication. The output from this source, however, 
constitutes only a small percentage of the total crudes produced. 

During 1920 there was a i arge increase in output of benzene, toluene, 
naphthalene, and anthracene. The production of crude naphthalene 
reported by coal-tar distillers was 26,393,411 pounds in 1920, com- 
pared with 12,612,203 pounds in the previous year, while crude naph- 
thalene reported from coke-oven operations in 1920 amounted to 
10,710,000 pounds (preliminary figures), as compared with 3,549,998 
pounds in 1919. A serious shortage of naphthalene occuiTcd during 
1919 and in the earlier part of 1920, which resulted in the importation 
of large amounts during those periods. The insufficient supply v/as 
due to the fact that following the signing of the armistice producers 
immediately decreased their output, as they believed the large accu- 

19 



20 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 



mulation of stocks on hand at that time constituted an oversupply. 
When export restrictions were removed, however, there was an unex- 

f>ected increase in the export trade in dyes, which resulted in a very 
arge consumption of naphthalene for dye manufacture. Naphthalene 
stocks were soon exhausted and there ensued in the latter part of 1919 
and in the early part of 1920 an acute shortage of this product. The 
1920 program for the production of naphthalene was adjusted as 
rapidly as possible to meet the domestic needs, although the total 
output during 1920 was not sufficient for our entire requirements. 

The most important actual development in the output of crudes 
was the increase in anthracene oil, which totaled in 1920, 3,284,102 
pounds. This yielded 2,829,500 pounds (25 per cent purity) of crude 
anthracene. Both of these figures represent a large gain over the 
previous year. (The 1919 figures, however, were not publishable.) 
The domestic supply of anthracene is not sufficient to meet the total 
requirements for the production of all of the vat and alizarin dyes 
consumed in this country. This problem is further considered under 
Intermediates, page 24, where it is pointed out that developments 
during 1920 in the production of synthetic anthraquinone, together 
with the increased supply of crude anthracene from coal tar, promise 
to solve this very important problem. The output of carbazof, which 
is obtained as a by-product in refining anthracene, showed an increase 
over the previous year. Dj^es prepared from this crude product were 
first reported in 1920. 

Table 2. — By-products obtained from cole-oven operations in 1919 and 1920. 
[From Mineral Resources, United States Geological Survey. 



Product. 


Unit of 
quantity. 


1919 


1920 1 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Tar: 


Gallons 

do 


288, 898, 764 
217,980,143 

544,231,985 
557,619,631 

50,535,639 
51, 646, 744 




360,000,000 
172,000,000 

675, 000, 000 
629, 000, 000 

65,000,000 
63,000,000 

935,000,000 

881,000,000 

< 227, 000, 000 

109, 000, 000 
843,000 

8,960,000 
1, 730, 000 

16, 890, mo 

15, 580, 000 




Sold 


$6, 919, 265 


$7,400,000 


Ammonia: 
Sulphate- 
Produced 


Pounds 

do 


Sold 


21,075,718 


27, 150, 000 


Ammonia liquor and anhydrous 
ammonia 2— 
Produced 


Pounds NH3 
do 


Sold 


5,692,950 


8, 300, 000 


Total ammonia expressed as sul- 
phate- 
Produced 


Pounds 




Sold 


do 






35,450,000 


Gas: Sold 


Mcu.ft 

Gallons 


3 193,072,979 
92, 356, 750 


16,685,667 


32, 050, 000 


Benzol products: 
Crude light- 
Produced 




Sold 




96,000 


Benzol, crude- 


Gallons 

do 


44,060,970 
44,697,615 

17,006,532 
18, 403, 909 






Sold 


7,776,669 


430,000 


Refined — 


do 




Sold 


do 


3, 783, 552 


4,636,666 



1 The figures for 1920 are preliminary and subject to revision. They have been furnished by the courtesy 
of the United States Geological Survey. 

2 Inchulcs anhydrous ammonia reported as such — an ammonia liquor converted to equivalent in anhy- 
drous ammonia. 

3 The gas sold during 1919 was distributed according to use as follows: 5,238,486 cubic feet, $2,106,806 value 
of sales foriUuminatingand liousehold purposes; 138,179,761 cubic feet, §8,015,877 vakie of sales for industrial 
purposes; 49,655,7:'.2 cubic feet, $6,562,324 value of sales for public service corporations. 

* The gas sold during 1920 was distributed according to use as follows: 24,000,000 cubic feet, value at 
plant, ?2,1.')0,000, used under boilers or other coke-plant equipment; 150,000,000 cubic feet, value at 
plant, $14,200,000, used in steel or other affiliated plant; 53,000,000 cubic feet, value at plant, $15,700,000 
distributed through city mains. 



I 



PRODUCTION IjST 1920. 



21 



Table 2. — Btj-producis obtained from coke-oven operations in 1919 and 1920 — Contd. 



Product. 


Unit of 
quantity. 


1919. 


1920. 


Quantit.v. 


A'^alue. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Benzol products— Continued. 
Motor fuel- 
Produced 


Gallons 

do 


P) 




6 55, 100, 000 
53, 200, 000 

287, 000 

2, 740, 000 
2, 490, 000 

5, 420, 000 
4, 530, 000 




Sold 




$12, 070, 000 


Toluol- 
Crude, produced 


do 






Refined- 
Produced 


do 


1, 160, 136 
1,353,827 

3,915,489 
3,625,978 

575, 885 
127, 483 

3,549,998 
4, 038, 450 

2,763,271 
2,663,585 






Sold 


do 


S355,990 


760, 000 


Solvent naphtha — 

Produced 


...do 




Sold 


do 


552, 853 


820 000 


Other refined oils- 
Produced 


do 




Sold 


do 


18, 358 






Naphthalene: 
Crude — 

Produced 


Pounds 

do 


10, 710, 000 
10, 7.50, 000 

3, 450, 000 
3,700,000 




Sold 


82,244 


290,000 


Refined- 
Produced 


do 




Sold 


. ...do 


109, 120 
645, 142 


200,000 
30 000 


Other products sold 














Total value of sales 






63,696,868 




93 626 000 














6 Included in crude benzol. 

6 The iDercentage of benzol reported in the motor fuel ranged from 50 to 90. 

Table 3. — Production of coal-tar crudes during 1920, by firm's not primarily engaged in 
the operation of coke-oven plants and gas houses. 

The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers given on p.l 16 . 
An X indicates that the corresponding product was made by a manufacturer who did not consent to the 
publication of his name in connection therewith. Blanks in the third and fourth columns indicate that 
there was actual production of the corresponding article but that the figures can not be published without 
revealing the output of individual firms. 





Manufacturers' identification 
No. 

(See page 116.) 


1920 


Name. 


(Quantity. 


Value. 


Value per 
unit. 


Total crudes i 






$21, 163, 937 
287, 586 




Benzene gallons. . 

Toluene do 


16, 26, 40, 51, 85, 116, 147, X... . 
16,51 


875, 561 


$0.33 


Xylene do 


16,51 








Naphthalene, crude pounds. . 

Anthracene, 25 per cent pure. pounds. . 


16, 26, 29, 40, 46, 85, 91, 98, 116, 

135, 141, X, X. 
16, 91, 135, 141 


26,393,411 
2,829,500 


791, 403 
114,661 


.03 
.04 


Carbazol, crude, 60 percent do 


135 




Crcsnl gallons. . 


16, 135 








Pyridine do 


16,111 








Solvent naphtha sallons. . 


16, 40, 51, 141, 147, X 


472,000 
37,557,245 

3,284,102 
342,401 

8, 052, 242 
1,386,056 


74, 669 
4,395,290 

593, 839 
5, 245, 554 

1,577,727 
7,5.82,553 


.16 


Dead or creosote oil do 

Anthracene oil gallons. . 


16, 26, 29, 40, 46, 51, 83, 85, 91, 
98, 116, 135, 141, 147, 166, X, 
X, X, X, X, X, X, X. 

40, 91, 13.5, 1-fl, X 


.12 

.IS 


Pitch of tar tons.. 

Other distillates gallons . . 

Refined tars barrels. . 


16, 26, 29, 40, 46, 51, S3, 85, 9S, 
116, 135, 141, X, X, X, X, X, 
X, X,X,X. 

16, 26, 40, 46, 83, 98, 135, 141, X , 

X, x,x. 

16^4, 20, 46, 51, 83, 98, 116, 141, 
X, X, X, X, X, X, X. 


15.32 

.20 
5.47 



' The instructions sent to manufacturers were as follows; 

Include under "dead or creosote oil" onlv products which may be used for creosotinc. 

Include under "other distillates" shingte stain oils, disinfectant oils, and flotatioii oils wliich do not 
contain over 5 per cent phenol. Include under "refined tars " those tars which are used for road treatment, 
saturating felt, and forprotectivecoatingr. 

Phenol and all distillates which, on being subjected to distillation, yield in the portion distilhng below 
200° C. a cpiantity of t ar acids equal to or more than 5 per cent of the orieinal distillate, are not to be included 
here but are to be placed in Group II. 

Cresol, for the purpose of this report, is defined as a distillate, containing more than 5 per cent of phenol 
and at least 50 per cent of the isomeric cresols. 



22 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 



Table 4. — Comparison of productioji of coal-tar crudes, 1919 and 1920, by firms tiot 
•primarily engaged in the operation of coke-oven plants and gas houses. 





1919 


1920 


Name. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Value per 
unit. 


Quantity. 


^>llle. 


Value per 
unit. 






$17, 657, 750 

560, 547 

327, 201 

78, 817 

4, 264, 594 

3,619,339 

1,461,500 

6,540,778 






§21,16.3,937 

287, .586 
791,403 
74.669 
4,393,290 
5, 245, 554 
1,577,727 
7, 582, .553 




Benzene s;all ons . . 

Naphthalene pounds. . 

Solvent naphtha gallons. . 

Dead or creosote oil .do 

Pitch of tar tons. . 

Other distillates saUons. . 

Relined tars barrels. . 


1,823,373 

12,612,203 

266, 013 

43, 434, 059 

. 283,006 

6,867,001 

1,384,047 


SO. 31 
.03 
.30 
.10 

12.79 

.21 

4.73 


875, 561 

25, 393, 411 

472, OOO 

37, 557, 245 

342, 401 

8, 052, 242 

1,3?G,05G 


SO. 33 
.03 
.16 
.12 

15.32 

.20 

5.47 



Intermediates. 



INTRODUCTORY. 

Tlie production of intermediates in the United States during 1920 
is shown in Table 5 in as great detail as possible without revealing 
the output of individual manufacturers. The total output during 
1920 was 257,726,911 pounds valued at $95,291,686, an increase of 
45 per cent over the quantity produced in 1919 — 177,362,426 pounds 
valued at $63,210,079. The 1920 production shows not only a con- 
siderable increase in the fundamental intermediates u.sed in the 
manufacture of those dyes which represent the bulk of production, 
but more conspicuously an increase in those which were made either 
in small quantities or were not made at all in 1919, and wliich are 
essential for the production of the fast dyes. The number of inter- 
mediates reported by 119 firms in 1920 was 236, compared with 216 
intermediates by 116 firms in 1919. The difference in the total num- 
ber of intermediates for 1919 and 1920 does not represent the total of 
new intermediates made in 1920, as no production was reported in the 
latter year for some intermediates produced in 1919. The increased 
variety and output of intermediates in 1920 represents encouraging 
progress towai-d supplying the domestic needs for the manufacture 
of dyes as represented by the prewar consumption in this country. 

For the development of a completely balanced and self-sustaining 
dye industry in this country, an increased output of certain inter- 
mediates already manufactured in small quantities, together with 
the production of other intermediates required in relatively small 
amounts, will be necessary. A color may frequently be used in small 
amounts only and yet be essential in the production of a ^iven line of 
fabrics. Certain specialties in this class are not yet developed in the 
United States. 

The output of intermediates used for research and experimental 
purposes was 1,852 pounds valued at $39,721, compared ynth 2,291 
pounds valued at $23,333 in 1919. 

INCREASED OUTPUT OF FUNDAMENTAL INTERMEDIATES. 

The output of those intermediates required in the production of 
the bulk of dyes consumed in this country showed significant in- 
creases. The following percentages of increase in 1920 compared 
with 1919 are examples of the year's development in this class of 
intermediates: Aniline oil, increased 61 percent; b-naphthol, 147 per 
cent; dimethylaniline, 53 per cent; Gamma acid, 170 per cent; H 



PEODUCTIOiT IN 1920. 23 

acid, 35 per cent; a-naphthylamine, 233 per cent (used also in 
ore flotation) ; p-nitroaniline, 63 per cent, and benzidine base, in- 
creased by 91 per cent. 

Benzene derivatives. — Aniline oil, required in the manufacture of 
dyes of every class, was produced in larger quantity tban any other 
individual intermediate. The figures for 1919 were 24,345,786 
pounds valued at $5,932,536, compared with 39,234,186 pounds 
valued at $10,923,648 in 1920, The output of dimethylaniline, a 
derivative of aniline, used in the production of a variety of acid and 
basic dyes, increased from 3,559,654 pounds valued at $1,941,152 in 
1919 to 5,447,107 pounds valued at $3,857,631 in 1920. 

The manufacture of diethylaniline, another derivative of aniline, 
used in the preparation of the more expensive colore, such as Brilliant 
Green and Acid Violet 4 BN, increased from 30,000 pounds valued at 
$26,500 in 1919 to 180,542 pounds valued at $245,783 in 1920. 

Benzidme base, one of the most important intermediates used in 
the production of direct cotton dyes, increased in output from 
1,084,922 pounds in 1919 to 2,071,858 pomids in 1920. The produc- 
tion of aminoazobenzene, used largely in making Brilliant Croceine 
and Induline, increased from 54,297 pounds in 1919 to 152,310 pounds 
in 1920. The decrease in production of phenol U. S. P. (the grade 
meeting the specifications of the United States Pharmacopojia) was 
undoubtedly due to large war stocks carried over. Salicylic acid 
U. S. P. showed only a relatively small increase in 1920; the technical 
grade, however, increased from 3,467,055 pounds in 1919 to 3,914,163 
pounds in 1920. 

In the production of resorcinol U. S. P. and technical, there was an 
increase from 96,397 pounds in 1919 to 139,315 pounds in 1920. The 
three-fold increase in the output of diethyl-m-aminophenol required 
in the manufacture of the dye, Rhodamine B, serves to illustrate the 
increased use of those mtermediates which are made in smaller quan- 
tities, yet whose production is of great importance for some of the 
special colors in constant demand. 

Triphenylphosphate, used as a substitute for camphor in pyroxylin 
plastics, first appeared in 1920 and was reported in large quantity; 
tricresyl phosphate, similarly used, was made in smaller quantities. 
Although it is not likely that these coal-tar products can entirely 
replace natural camphor for this purpose, they offer a possibility of 
lessening to some degree the dependence of pyi'oxylin manufactures 
upon the Japanese camphor monopoly. 

Toluene d^rivaiives . — Among the more important representatives 
of this class of intermediates are the toluidines. The manufacture of 
o-toluidine showed an increase of 30 per cent or from 1,002,982 
pounds in 1919 to 1,302,097 pounds in 1920, while p-toiuidine 
mcreased from 575,841 pounds in 1919 to 894,169 pounds in 1920 or 
by 55 per cent. For tolidine used in the manufacture of direct cotton 
dyes (mostly reds and blues) there was reported an increase of 160 
per cent or from 143,012 pounds in 1919 to 375,905 pounds in 1920. 
The output of benzoic acid was only a small increase over 1919, but 
there was an increase in benzoate of soda from 610,150 pounds in 1919 
to 812,193 pounds in 1920. 

Production of the intermediate 2-chloro-5-toluidine-4 sulfonic acid, 
used in the preparation of the important color-lake dye Lake Red C, 
was reported for the first time in 1920. Certain intermediates 
derived from toluene which are required in the preparation of perfume 



24 CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 

materials showed notable increases in 1920. The manufacture of 
cinnamic acid, for example, increased more than four-fold or from 
2,502 pounds in 1919 to 11,517 pounds in 1920 and that of benzyl 
alcohol increased from 15,678 pounds in 1919 to 38,807 pounds in 
1920, or 147 per cent. 

Xylene derivatives. — The output of xylidine and xylidino salt 
(used in the manufacture of wool scarlets and reds and Resorcin 
Brown) increased two and one-half times or from 415,736 pounds, 
valued at $239,646 in 1919, to 1,054,476 pounds, valued at $490,941 
in 1920. The quantity of dehydrothio-m-xylidine made in 1920 was 
more than a four-fold increase over the 1919 output. This interme- 
diate is used in the production of Erica BN and 2GISr, and Salm^on 
Red, both valuable direct cotton dyes. 

Naphthalene derivatives. — The more important naphthalene 
intermediates in general showed conspicuous increases in output 
during 1920, and there was also a considerable increase in the produc- 
tion of many of those used in relatively small quantities. The output 
of H acid (l-amino-8-naphtliol-3:6-disulfonic acid), one of the most 
important intermediates derived from naphthalene, amounted to 
5,180,993 pounds, valued at $6,377,081 in 1920, as compared with 
3,837,534 pounds in 1919, valued at $5,081,469. Phthalic anhydride, 
used in the preparation of fluorescein, the cosines, rhodamines, and 
synthetic anthraquinone, increased in production from 290,677 
pounds in 1919 to 796,210 pounds in 1920. Among the other inier- 
mediates for which there were reported a large increase in production 
were: Gamma acid (2-amino-8-naphthol-6-sulfonic), which is used 
largely in the production of direct blacks and other direct cotton 
dyes, 155,025 pounds in 1919 to 418,456 pounds in 1920, or by 170 
per cent; G acid (2-naphthol-6 :8-disulf onic) used in the manufacture 
of Brilliant Croceine, Erica G, and Diamine Scarlet B, from 732,198 
pounds in 1919 to 1,446,605 pounds in 1920; and 2-naphthylamine-l- 
sulfonic acid, used in the manufacture of Diazo Black, from 84,260 
pounds in 1919 to 325,036 pounds in 1920, or nearly a four-fold 
increase. Neville and Winther's acid (l-naphthol-4-sulfonic) and 
Schaeffer's acid (2-naphthol-6-sulf onic) , also showed large increases 
in output — 63 and 225 per cent, respectively. 

Among those intermediates used in lesser quantities, Chicago acid 
(1 amino-8-naphthol-2 :4-disulfonic) , used in the preparation of Chicago 
Blue4B and RW, and Brilliant Benzo Blue 6B, showed a substantially 
increased production. J acid (2-ammo-5-naphthol-7-sulfonic acid), 
used in the preparation of benzo fast scarlets and Oxydiamine Violet 
BF, was reported for the first time in 1920. Figures for the produc- 
tion of these products, however, can not be published without dis- 
closing individual operations. 

Anthracene derivatives. — In 1920 the output of refined anthracene 
(calculated on a 100 per cent basis) by five firms was 711,258 
pounds, valued at $285,789. The production of anthraquinone, 
the important intermediate derived from anthracene, increased 
from 294,260 pounds, valued at $547,787 in 1919, to 539,619 pounds, 
by six firms in 1920, valued at $894,418. This increase is due in 
part to the commercial development of synthetic anthraquinone 
from phthalic anhydride and benzene. The production of anthra- 
quinone in 1920 was still inadequate to meet the domestic needs 
for vat and alizarin dyes as measured by prewar imports. It is 
believed that an adequate output of vat and alizarin dyes in 1920 



PRODUCTION IN 1920. 



25 



was not hindered by lack of anthracene or anthraquinone, but by the 
fact that manufacturers have not yet had the necessary time to over- 
come all manufacturing difficulties incidental to this important 
gi'oup of dyes. As domestic requirements for a soft pitch limit the 
output of anthracene from coal tar, it is likely that our future supply 
of anthraquinone will in large part be derived by this synthetic 
method. The encouraging developments in 1920 in output of anthra- 
quinone give assurance that supplies of this intermediate will be 
available when needed for an increased output of vat and alizarin 
dyes as manufacturers become more proficient in this group of dyes. 
The output in 1920 of /3-am.inoanthraquinone used in the produc- 
tion of vat' colors was more than nine times greater than that of 1919. 
Other antluTiquinone intermediates showed significant increases. The 
actual production figures could not be published on account of reveal- 
ing confidential figures of manufacturers. It is in the anthraquinone 
class that the greatest deficit of intermediates has existed in the 
domestic program, and the developments of 1920 in this field are of 
especial importance in giving a well balanced output of dyes for 
domestic consumption. 

Table 5. — Production of coal-tar intermediates during 1920. 

[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on 
page UG. An X sigiiifies that the correspondingintermediates were made by a manufacturer who did not 
consent to the publication of liisnamein connection therewith. Blanks in the tliirdand fourth coJnmns 
indicaiethat there was actual production of the correspondingintermediates in the United States during 
1-920, but that the figures can not be published without revealing information in regard I o the output of 
individual firms. The details thus concealed are, howe^ er, ijicluded in the totals. Keports have been 
received from all firms known to bo manufacturers.] 



Common name. 


Manufacturers' identification 
numbers according to list on 
page 110. 


Total prodi 

Quantity. 


iction, 1920. 
Value. 


Average 
price per 
pound. 


Total intermediates 




Pounds. 
257,726,911 
2, 067, 252 


§95, 291, 686 
1, 126, 751 


$0.37 


Ai^etanilifip, tech 


4, 22, 33, 59, 79, 110, 112, 117, 

141. 
7,112 


.42 


Acetyl H acid. . . 




Acctyl-p-phenylenediamiue(p-amino 
acetanilide). 


33,04, 112, 117, 141 


117, 275 


158, 600 


1.63 


141 




Acoty!-p-toluidine 


33, l4l 








Acid green base 


112 








b-.\!TLinoantliraquinone 


51, 117 










25, 33, 52, 64, 69, 92, 141 

?3, C9, 114 


152, 310 


i-is, 332 


.97 


Amino-azo-tolneiie. . 




A mil 1 oben zoic acid . ■ 


:^3, lOS 








p-Aminobeiiz<iic acid 


140 








Amino crcsol mi'thvl ether 


112 








p- ATninn-<limt'fhviqiiiline 


89, 112, X 


31 1,931 
971, 370 


723, 818 

797, 745 


2.30 


i- Vmino-2-iiaphthol-l-sulionic acid. . . 
1- Amino - 8 - naphthol - 2: 4 - disul- 


7, 22, 25, 33, 51, 52, 59, 64, 92, 

112,114, 117, X. 
51, 117 


.82 


f Jiiic acid. 
l-.'.mino-S-naphthol-4-suironie acid. . , 


117 








1 - Amino - a - naphthol - 3: 6 - disul- 

f )ni'- acid. 
2-Aminn-i>-naphthol-7-sulfonic acid 


22, 33, 51, 64, 107, 109, 112, 114, 

117, 122, 134, X. 
141 .... 


5, ISO, 993 


G, 377, Osi 


1.23 


2-.Vmino-!S-naphthol-6-saIfonic acid. . . 
o-.Vminophenol 


7,22,25,51,92,112,117 

10 


41S, 456 


1,298,700 


3.10 


p-Aminophenol and hydrochloride. . . 

o-Aminophenol p-suifonic acid 

p-Amiuo phonvl arsonate (sodium). 


10, 23, 2S, 51, 54, 64, 92, 117, 162, 

167. 
112 . .. 


41,471 


74, i)S7 


1.81 


103 








p-.\mino phenyl arsenic acid (crude). 
p-\mino p'^onVl arsonic acid (pure). . 
Amuiosalicv'icacid ... 


103 








103 








112 










51 . . 








Aniline oil. . ." 


23, 25, 30, 33, 51, 64, 84, 106, 

110,112,113, 117,131, X. 
23,25,69, 112, 113 


39,231,186 
2, 02 ;, 956 


10, 923, 648 
741, 620 


.28 


Aniline salt (and sulphate) 


.37 


Aniline for red 


112 ... . 




o-.\nisidine 


.^-l, 117 








Anthracene, refined (anthiacene con- 


12, 16,112,135, X 


711,258 


285, 789 


.40 


tent 100 per cent). 







26 



CENSUS OF DYES AISTD COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 



Table 5. — Prodiiction c 


/ coal-tar inttrmediates dw 


ing 1920- 


-Continued. 


Common name. 


Manufacturers' identification 
numbers according to list 
on page 116. 


Total production, 1920. 


Average 


Quantity. 


Value. 


pound. 


Anthracene blue base 


112 


Pounds. 






Anthranilic Co-aminobenzoicJ acid. . . 


57,110, 158 










12,15,51,87,112,117 


539, 619 


8894, 41fc 


$1.66 


Anthraquinone mono sulfonic acid. . . 


112 


Anthraquinone-2-sodinm sulfonate 


17,51, 117 









(silver salt). 
Anthraquinone - 1:5 - disulfonic 


112 








(sodium). 
Anthraquinone - 2:7 - disulfonic (So- 


112 








dium). 
Benzanthrone 


117 








Benzalchloride 


32,34,57 








Benzaldehyde 


19, 30, 32, 34, 57, 65, 139, 161. .. . 
X 


702,543 


440,407 


.63 


Benzene sulfonic acid 


Benzidine base 


7, 22, 30, 33, 51, 84, 112, 117, X. 
3 7 33, 109, 117, X 


2,071,858 
111, 725 


2,375,210 
95, 555 


1.15 

.86 


Benzidine sulfate 


Benzidine hvdrocliloride 


117 


Benzoate of soda 


19, 34, 57, 71, 77, 101, 140, X. . . . 
19, 32, 34, 57, 139, 140, 161, X... 
117 


812, 193 
743, 113 


643,-66 
501, 531 


.79 
.68 


Benzoic acid, U. S. P. and tech 

Benzoyl benzoic acid 




19, 57, 65, 77, 161, X 


14,277 


16,937 


1.19 


Benzotrichloride 


19 


Benzyl alcohol 


32, 57, 65, 89, 149, 161, X, X... 
34 


38, 807 


70,829 


1.82 


Benzyl alcohol and acetate 




19,30, 32, 57, 139 


1, 246, 412 


279,285 


.22 


Broenuer'sacid,see2-naphthylamine- 

6-sulfonic acid. 
Bromobenzene 


50 


Carbazol, refined 


16,51 










33 










141 








l-Chloro-S-napthol-3:(>-disulfouicacid. 
o-Chlorobenzaldehyde 


112 








112 










50 51, 77, 92, 119, 137 


4, 829, 142 


498,209 


.10 


Chloronaphthalene 


36 




o-Chlorotoluene 


112 








2-Cliloro-5-toluidiiie-4-sulfonic acid 


33, 96, X 


22, 753 
11,517 


48,716 
48,977 


2.14 


Chromotropic acid, seel :8-Dihydroxy- 
naphthalen^3:6-sulfonic acid. 


32, 34, 57, 161, X 


4.25« 


Creosote oil, containing more than 5 


X, X 




per cent tar acids. 
Cresol, purity of 90 per cent or more. . 


101 






1 


71 










51 










89, 112, X 


28,405 
51,961 


47,328 
84,087 


1.67 
1.62 


Dehydrothio-p-toluidinesulfonicacid. 
Dehydrotliio-m-xylidinebaseand sul- 
phate. 

p-p-Diaminodiphenylmethane 

Diaminophenol and hydrochloride. . . 


55, 59, X 


33 


72 








167 








33 51,59,112,117 


142, 227 


295, 118 


2.08 




51, 117 . 


l-Diazo-2-napthol-4 sulfonic acid 


22,59,92,114 


265,204 


252, 282 


.95 


117 




50 










50 77, 92, 137 


465,292 


40,925 


.09 




108 


Diethylanihne . . . . 


30,51,74, 112, 153 


180,542 


245,783 


1.38 




37 51 


l:5-Diliydro.\y anthraquinone 


112 








112 








l:8-i)ihydroxynaphthalene-3:G-disul- 

fonic acid. 
Dimeth vlaniline 


7, 33, 112, 117 


152, 352 
5, 447, 107 


380, 305 
3,857,631 


2. 50 
.71 


8, 23, 30, 51, 102, 112, X 

17 112 




Dinitrobeuzene 


14, 2:H, 51, 112, 117, X 


2,492,178 

887, 934 

5, 947, 791 


674, 141 

254,099 

1, 409, 332 


.27 
.29 
.24 




51 , 64, 84, 109, 162 




14, 50, 51, 64, 92, 109 




117 


Diphcnylmethanc sulfonic acid 

Dinitrophenol, and sodium ?alt 

Dinitrotoluene 


112 








14 








14, 51, 52, 60, 64, 69, 112, 117, 

155, X,X. 
51 


1,847,191 


419, 383 


.23 






112 










112 










108 










30, 51 










51, 59, 89, 112 


159,636 


143,595 


.90 


EthylbenzylaniliDC sulfonic acid 


30 



PRODUCTION IN 1920. 



27 



Table 5. — Production of coal-tar intermediates during 1920— 


-Continued. 


Comnion name. 


Manufacturers' identification 
numbers acsording to list 
on pago 116. 


Total product! o nl920. 


Average 


Quantity. 


Value. 


pound. 




.30, 117 


Pc'd-jd-i. 






Ethyl t>-napht,hylaTninp 


X •. 








Flavanf.hrene. . . . 


117 








Fiuoreseein 


69, 112 








Fonnaniline 


141 









Freuiid's acid, see l-naphtbylamine 

3:6 di sulfonic acid. 
Gallanilide. 


112 








Garama acid, see 2-aTnino-.S-naphthol 
6-sulfoiiic acid. 


33. 








p-Hydroxy phenol ar.sonic acid 

p-Hvdroxv phenyl arsenate (sodium) 


47 








103 









o-Hydroxyquinoiine 


21 








H-at-id, see l-amino-8-naphthoi-3-G- 
disulfonic acid. 

Indanthiene blue R S powder 

Indoolienol 


117 








45, 112 








o-Jndophenol 


02 








Isatin 


89 








Laurent's acid, see 1-naphthylamine 

.5-snlfonic acid. 
Metanilic acid 










33, 51, .K, 64, 112, X 


499, 304 


S534, 900 


?1. 13 




X 




Mono and Diethyl ariiline mixture 


112 








above (refined, Hake). 
Naphthalene 2:7 disulfonic acid 


16, 29, 91, 98, 135,139, 166, X,X. 
33 


30, 230, 734 


2,308,536 


.08 


a-Naphthol 


78, 112, X 








b-Naphthol, tech 


23, 25, 33, 69, 129, 141 


11,920,714 


5, 592, 007 


.47 


b-Naphthol, U.S. P 


2.3,X 




l-Naphthol-4-sulfonic acid 


3, 7, 25, 33, 51, 92, 112, 117 

59, 112 


561, 929 


789,657 


1.41 


l-Na]ihthoI-.5-su]fonic add- . 






33. 








2-NaphthoJ-6-!ailfonic acid. . 


7, 33, 52, 64, 92, 112, 141 


475,243 


348, 034 


.73 


2-Naphthol-7-siiIfor)ic acid 


33,141 




2-Na75hthol-S-sulfonio acid 


33, X 








l-Naphtho]-5:C-disulfouic acid 


117 








l-Naphthol-3:8-(iiMulfonic acid. . 


3 








2-Naphthol-3:e-di.suifonic acid 

2-Naphthol-S:7-disulfonic acid . . . 


3, 22, 23, 2.5, 33, 51, 59, 64, 07, 92, 

112, 117, 141, 142, 16.3, X. 
112 


1,2.50,674 


820,389 


.06 


2-Naphthol-fj:8-disulfonieacid 

l-Naphthol-3:e;S-tri.sul Ionic acid . 


3,7,22,23,25,51,92,112,141 

33, 112 


1,4-16,605 


990,326 


.03 


a-NaphthvlaminP. . 


10,33,51,117 


5,177,547 


1,75 J, 001 


.34 


b-Nai3hthvlamine 


112,129 




l-Naphthylamine-4-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-5-sulfonicacid 


3, 25, 33. 43. 51, 67, 09, 92, 112, 

117, X,X. 
25,51, 59, 64',112 


3, 773, 191 
294,352 


1,581,485 
240,495 


.42 
.84 


1-Naphthvlamine-o-sulfonicaoid 


112,117... .'. 




l-NaphthyIamine-8-sulfonicaeid 


51,59,04,112 


502, 939 
325,030 


542,802 
58-1, 807 


.96 


2-Naphthylamiue-l-sulfonicacid 

2-Naphthvlamine-fi-suIfonicacid 


7, 33, 129, 141, X 

33, 117 


1.80 




112 








l-Naphthy]amine-3:8-disuIl'onicac'd 


117 










117 








1-Naphthvlamine 4:0 and 4:7 ditsul- 


33 








l-Naphthvlamine 0:7-di sulfonic acid 


51 








2-Nanhthvlanime-4:S-disuIfonic acid. 


117 








2 NaphthvlaminfM):.S-disii]foiiic acid . . 


22,25,51,92, 112, 117 


894,024 
3,921,950 


992, iOO 
1,985,-W4 


1.11 


l-Naphthylamine-3:0:S-trisulfoiiicacid 
Neville and Winther's acid, see 1- 

m-N i troani ne 


22,33,.51,&4, 112, 117,122 

51,162 


.51 


p-Nltroanlline 


22, 33, 51, 117, 141, X . . 


2, 138, 492 


2,503,880 
385, 283 
2il2,:389 

7, 052, S05 


1.17 


IvNitroac-etanilide 


33,92,117,141 


509, 728 

273,327 

53,244,008 


.68 


o-Nitroani.soie 


33,51,112,117 


.96 


Nitrobenzene (oil of myrbane) 

m-Nitrobenzaldehyd ^ . . . 


2.3, 25, 33, !>4, 112, 113, 117, 131, X . 
112... 


.14 


Nitrobenzoic p.cid 


108 









p-NitrobenoOic acid 


140 








o-Nitrochlorobenzene 


33,51, 110, 112 


349,380 
959, 405 


110,220 
306, 0(',0 


.33 


p-Nitfoehlorobenzene 


33,51, 110, 112, 141 


.32 




22 






141 








Nitrocrcfiol 


112 








8-Nitro-l-diazo-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic 

acid. 
3-Nitro-4-h3droxy phenyl arsonic acid 
N itronaphthaleue 


22, 92 








104, 108 








16, 117 









28 CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 

Table 5. — Production of coal-tar intermediates during 1920 — Continued. 



Common name. 


Manufacturers' identification 
numbers according to list on 
page 116. 


Total production, 1920. 


Average 
price per 




Quantity. 


Value. 


pound. 


o-Nitrophenol 


10, 162 


Pounds. 






p-Nitrophenol 


10, 14,54, llO, 162, X 


125, 693 


S90, 579 


$0 72 


p-Nitrophenol ar.sonic acid 


47 




Nitrosodimethylaniline 


7, 8, 10, 23,33,89.92,112, X, X, X . 
45, 51,64,92,112 .. 


155,986 
167, 855 


155, 319 
97, 668 


99 


Nitrosophenol 


58 


p-Nitrosophenol 


117 




Nitrosulfo anthrarufiii 


112 








Nitrotoluene ■ . 


33, 52,60. 69, 112, 117 


6, 100, 618 
2, 173, 279 


787, 063 
283, 319 


is 


o-Nitrotoluene 


33,60, 112, 117 


13 


m-Nitrotoluen e 


51, 117, 155 




p-MirrotolueTie 


14, 33, 51, 60, 112, 117, X 

117 


2,004,089 


1,220,797 


61 


p-Nitrotoluene sulfonate 




p-Nitrotoluene-o-siilfonic acid 


33, 112 








m-Nitrotoluidine 


155 








p-Nitro-o-toluidine 


33 








ni-Nitro-p-toluidine 


33, 51,141 


71, 197 
1,649,934 


230, 932 
234,696 


3.24 


NitroxyleHe 


23, 25, 33, 112, 117 


14 


Oxylylamino phenylarsinic acid 

Plienazine 


108 




92 








Phenol, U. S. P 


16, 101 








Phen(>l disulfonic acid 


22 








Phenyl-alpha-naphthylamine 

m-Phcnylenediamine 


22, 51 








7, 8, 10, 14, 23, 33, 51 , 55, 64, 69, 

84, 109, 112, 117, 162. 
112, 141 


658, 313 


696,065 


1.06 


p-Plieaylenediamine 




Phenylglycine, sodium salt 


112 






Phenylliydrazine and hydrochloride. 

Phenylyhydrazine-p-siilfonic acid 

1-Phenyl naphthylamine-8-sulfonic 

acid. 
Phthalamide 


72,89 








23,33,112, 152 


441,117 


550, 514 


1.25 


112 




33, 158 








PlithaUc acid and anhydride 


51, 110, X 


796, 210 
138, 350 


362, 431 
83,035 


.46 




23, 51, 112, X, X 


.60 


Picryl chloride 


89 






33, 112,127,169 


140, 741 


201, 193 


1.43 


PrimuUne sidfonic acid 


33 




Quinaldine, crude 


112 








Resorcinol, U. S. P. and tech 


112, 136, X 


139, 315 


516, 419 


3.71 


■Rnsfiniliiie 


49. 




Sahcylic acid, U. S. P 

Salicyhc acid, tech 


19, 44, 50, 51, 71, 86, 106, 110, 125. 
44, 51, 71, 86, 106, 110, 125, 139. . 

8, 23, 25, 33, 51, 64, 69, 84, 101, 

112, 118, X, X. 
51, 64, 112, 117 


2, 663, 494 
3, 914, 163 

1, 796, 838 
88,583 
90,664 


956,786 
1, 133, 162 

649, 524 
198, 894 
262, 826 


.36 
.29 


SchaefiEer's acid, see 2-naphthol-6-sul- 

fonic acid. 
Sulf anilic acid 


.36 


Tetramethyldiaminobenzhydrol 

(Michler'shydrol). 
Tetramethyldiaminobenzophenone 

(Michler's ketone). 
Tetramethyldiaminodiphenylme- 


2.25 


22, 51, 114 


2.90 


.51 117 




Tetramethyltetraminodiphenylme- 
thane. _ - 


X 








112, 113, X, X, X 


2,226,807 


903,213 


.41 










33,51,112,117, X 


375, 905 


418, 806 


1.11 




117 . 








X 










110, X 










X 










71, X 










30, 33,51,60, 112, 117 


1,145,361 


419,068 


.37 




117 






14, 33,51, CO, 112, 117, 155, X... 
14, 33, 51, 60, 112, 117, 155, X. . . 
33 


1,302,097 
894, 169 


371,057 
1,010,701 


.29 




1.13 








69 










10, 30, 51, 52, 64, 69, 84, 92, 112, 

117. 
112 


689,036 


828,299 


1.20 






m-Tolylcncdiamine sulfonic acid' 

l-Tolylnaphthylamine-8-sulfonic acid . 


112 








112 








125 










125 










112 










112 










33 










7, 23, 25, 33, 51, 112, 117, 155 


1,054,476 


490,941 


.47 


1 





PRODUCTION IN 1920. 



29 



Table 6. — Comparison of the production of coal-tar intermediates, 1919 and 1920. 
[For detailed production in 1920 see Table 5, supra.] 



Name. 



Total intermediates 

Acetanilide, tech 

Acetyl-p-phenylenediamiuo (p-amiuo- 

acetaniUde) ." 

Aniino-azo-benzeue 

l-Amino-2-naphthol-l-sulfonic acid 

l-Anuno-8-naphthol-3:6-disulfonic acid . 

2-Anuiio-8-uaphthol-6-sulfoiiic acid 

p-Aminophenol and hj'droehioride 

Aniline oil 

Aniline salt (and sulphate) 

Anthraqiiinone (98 per cent) 

Benzaldehyde , 

Benzidine Dase 

Benzidine sulfate 

Benzoato of soda 

Benzoic acid, U. S. P. and te^h , 

Benzoyl chloride 

Benzyl alcohol 

Benzylchloride 

Chloroijenzeno (mono) 

Cinnamic acid. 

Diaminostilbene disulfonic acid 

l-Diazo-2-iiaphthol-t-sulfonic acid 

p-Dichlorobenzene 

Diethylanili ne 

l:.S-Dihydroxjrnaphthalene-3:8-disulfonic 

acid , 

DimethyLaniUne , 

m-Diniti()benzene 

Dinitrochlorobenzene 

Dinitrotoluene , 

Metanilic a/"id 

Naphthalene, soUdifving 79^ C. or above 

(refined, flake) . . . ." 

b-Naphthnl, tech 

l-Naphthol-!-sulfonic acid 

2-Naphthol-6-sulionic acid 

2-Naphthol-3:6-disulfoinc acid , 

2-Naphthol-6:8-disulfonic acid 

a-Naphthylaraine 

1-Naphthylamine-f-salfotiic acid 

2-Naphthylaminc-l-sulfotiic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-3:6:S-trisulfonic acid. . . 

p-Nitroaru!iiie 

p-Nitroacetanihdc 

Nitrobenzene (oil of myrbane) , 

p-Nitrochlorobcnzene 

p-Nitropheaol , 

Nitrosodimethylaniline , 

Nitrosojihenol." 

Nitrotoluone , 

o-Nitrotoluene 

p-N itrotoluene 

m-Nitro-p-toluidiric 

Nitroxylene 

m-Pheiiylenediamine 

Phthalic acid, and anhydride of 

Picramio acid " 

Resorciuol, U. S. P. and tech 

Salicylic acid, U. S. P 

Salicylic acid, tech 

Sulfanilie acid 

Tetramethylrtiarainobenzophcnone 

(Michler's ketone) 

Thiocarl)aniUde 

Tnlidine 

Toluidinp 

o-Toluidine 

p-Tolnidine 

m-Tolylcnediamine 

Xylidine and salt 



Production, 1919. 



Production, 1920. 







Price 






Price 


Quantity. 


A'alue. 


per 
pound. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


per 
pound. 


Pounds. 






Pounds. 






177, 362, 426 


S63, 210, 079 


$0.36 


257, 726, 911 


$95, 291, 686 


$0.37 


1, 934, 125 


797, 151 


.41 


2, 667, 252 


1, 126, 751 


.42 


62, 567 


103, 750 


1.08 


97, 275 


158, 606 


1.63 


54, 297 


48, 464 


.89 


152, 310 


148, 332 


.97 


837, 384 


808, 894 


.97 


971, 370 


797, 745 


.82 


3, 837, 534 


5, 081, 469 


1.32 


.5, 180, 993 


6, 377, 081 


1.23 


155, 025 


667, 360 


4.30 


418, 456 


1, 298, 700 


3.10 


128, 627 


282, 970 


2.20 


41, 474 


74, 987 


1.79 


24, 345, 786 


5, 932, 536 


.24 


39. 234, 186 


10, 923, 6-18 


.28 


1, 446, 909 


359, 295 


.2t 


2, 024, 956 


741, 620 


.37 


294, 250 


547, 787 


1.85 


539, 619 


894, 418 


1.66 


518, 634 


403, 109 


.77 


702, 513 


440, 407 


.63 


1, 084, 922 


1, 370, 393 


1.26 


2, 071, 858 


2, 375, 210 


1.15 


234, 707 


224. 383 


.96 


111, 725 


95, .555 


.86 


610, 150 


536, 194 


.88 


812, 193 


61,3,156 


.79 


720, 310 


581, 386 


.81 


743, 113 


501, 531 


.68 


7, 889 


15,988 


2.03 


14, 277 


16, 937 


1.19 


15, 678 


33, 770 


2.15 


38, 807 


70, 829 


1.82 


720, 953 


166, 182 


.23 


1, 246, 412 


279, 285 


.22 


4, 116, 606 


623, 875 


.15 


4, 829, 142 


498, 209 


.10 


2,502 


10, 305 


4.12 


11, 517 


48, 977 


4.25 


5,021 


19, 082 


3.80 


142, 227 


29,5, 118 


2.08 


419, 349 


417, 815 


.99 


26.5, 204 


252, 282 


.95 


130, 864 


8,746 


.07 


455, 292 


40, 925 


.09 


30,000 


26, 500 


.88 


ISO, 542 


245, 783 


1.36 


164,654 


380, 344 


2.31 


152, 352 


380, 305 


2.50 


3, 559, 654 


1, 941, 1.52 


.55 


5, 447, 107 


3, 8.57, 631 


.71 


2, 228, 597 


534, 498 


.24 


887,931 


251,099 


.29 


4, 428, 730 


907, 794 


.20 


5, 947, 791 


1, 409, 332 


.21 


746, 266 


264, 388 


.35 


1, 847, 191 


419, 383 


.23 


453, 137 


266, 172 


.59 


499, 304 


594, 060 


1.19 


17, 625, 235 


1, 160, 815 


.07 


30, 230, 734 


2, 308, 535 


.08 


4, 835, 778 


2, 365, 801 


.49 


11, 920, 714 


5, 592, 007 


.47 


314,449 


629, 857 


1.83 


561, 929 


789, 657 


1.41 


116, 111 


102, 975 


.71 


475, 243 


348, 034 


.73 


1, 008, 007 


721, 341 


.72 


1, 250, 674 


820, 389 


.66 


732, 198 


602, 949 


.82 


1, 4^16, 605 


990, 326 


.68 


1, 552, 828 


632, 587 


.41 


5, 177, .547 


1, 756, 001 


. .34 


2, 008, 189 


1, 235, 742 


.62 


3, 773, 191 


1, 581, 485 


.42 


84, 260 


174, 420 


2.70 


325, 036 


58-1, 867 


1.80 


1, 418, 560 


867, (X)5 


.61 


3, 921, 950 


1, 985, 444 


.51 


1, 309, 820 


1, 3a3, 797 


1.05 


2, 138, 492 


2, 503, 8S6 


1.17 


699, 658 


484, 666 


.69 


569, 728 


38.5, 283 


.08 


42, .544, 017 


5, 899, 837 


.14 


53, 244, 008 


7, 652, 805 


.14 


1, 012, 384 


374, 807 


.37 


959, 405 


306, 666 


.32 


76, 191 


76, 464 


1.00 


12,5, 693 


90, 579 


.72 


692, 509 


36.3, 913 


.61 


155, 986 


1.5,5, 319 


.99 


139, 794 


70, 724 


.51 


167, 855 


97, 668 


.58 


6, 211, 775 


1, 049, 522 


.17 


6, 100, 618 


787, 063 


.13 


1,360,599 


312,416 


.23 


2, 17.3, 279 


283, 319 


.13 


1, 263, 056 


704, 750 


..56 


2, 004, 089 


1, 220, 797 


.61 


.58, 454 


210, 307 


3. 59 


71, 197 


230, 932 


3.24 


293, 219 


53, 449 


.18 


1, 619, 934 


234,696 


.14 


609, 7S9 


017,379 


1.01 


6,58, 313 


696,065 


1.06 


290, 677 


290, 037 


.99 


796, 210 


362, 431 


.46 


150, 458 


130, 388 


.85 


138, 350 


83, 035 


.60 


96,397 


402, 491 


4.20 


139, 315 


516, 419 


3.71 


2,619,726 


918, 832 


.35 


2, 563, 494 


9.56, 7.<*6 


.36 


3,467,0.55 


1, 009, 462 


.29 


3, 914, 153 


1, 13.3, 1.52 


.29 


1,023,861 


213,656 


.24 


1, 796, 838 


649, 524 


.35 


281, 057 


488, 553 


1.74 


90,654 


262, 826 


2.90 


2,268,375 


802, 575 


.35 


2, 226. 807 


90.3,213 


.41 


143,012 


251,861 


1.85 


375, 905 


41,8, 806 


1.11 


805, 210 


309, 894 


.38 


1, 14.5, 361 


419,008 


.37 


1,002,982 


503, 020 


..50 


1, 302, 097 


371, 057 


.29 


575, 8 tl 


600, 267 


1.01 


894, 169 


1, 010, 701 


1.13 


439, 544 


501,053 


1. 15 


689, 036 


828, 299 


1.20 


415, 736 


239, 646 


. 55 


1, 051, 470 


490,941 


.47 



30 CENSUS or DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 

Table 7. — Production of chemicals for sale for research and experimentol purposes, 1920. 



Common name. 



Total 




Acetyl p-aminobenzoic 


54 


Acetyl o-aminophenol... 
Acetyl p-amino phenol . . 

Acetyl p-amsidiiu' 

Acetyl anthianilic acid. . 
Acetyl phenylhy drazine. 
Acetyl ii-propylaniline. . 

Acetyl tvtoluidine 

p-Aminoacctoptieiione. . 
m-Aramobenzoic acid . . . 

p-Aminobenzoic acid 

p-Amiuodimeth ylaniline 


54 
54 
54 
54 
54 
54 
54 
54 
54 
160 

54 


4- Aminot oluene - 2- siil- 


54 


4-Amino-in-xyleue 

Aminop-xylene 


54 
54 


Anisic acid 


54 


Anisolp. 


64 


Aeo- benzene 

Azoxybenzene 

5-Beiizalanvino - 2 - cresol 
p-Bcnzalaminophenol . . . 


54 
54 

54 
54 
54 


Benzamide 


54 


Benzanilide 


54 


Benzene (cryst. thio- 
phene, free)" 


54 


Benzene-azo-o-cresol 

Benzene.=ii]fochlor ide 

BenzenesnJfonainide 

Benzil 


54 

54 

54 

54 150 160 


a-Bcnzil dio-cime 

Benzilic acid 

Benzoic an)i ydride 

Benzonhenone 


54 
54,150,160 

54 
54, 150 160 


Benzoin 


54,150 


Benzonltnle 


54 


Benzoyl bromide 

Benzoyl a-naphthyla- 
mine 


54 

54 


Benzoyl piperidiue 

Benzoyl o-toluidine 

Benzyl p-aminopiienol 
, hydrochlo'"ide . . 


54 
54 

54 


Benzyl alcohol 




BenzVlaraLne. . . . 


150 


Benzyl brc'niide 


54 


p-Bromoacetanilide 

Bromoacetophenone 

3- Biomo-4-ac'etylami- 
nol oluene 


54,160 
54 

54 


3 - Bi omo - 4 - aminot o- 


54 




54 




54,160 


p-Bromoaunine hydro- 
chloride 


54 


Broinonaphthalene 

p-Tironiophonol . 


54 
160 


I>-Br')mophenylhy dr a- 
zine hydi'octdoridc . . . . 


54 
54, 160 




54 


n-Biilvl aniline 


54 




54 


Butyl benzyl Ciller 

n-Butyl o-iuetiioxyben- 
zoatc 


54 
5-4 


Butyl phenyl cl'iier 

Butyl .salicylate 


54 
54 




54 


Carbanilide 


54 


Catechol 


54 


Chloranil 


54 



Manufac- 
turers' 

identifi- 
cation 
Nos., 
p. Ii6. 



Total produc- 
tion, 1920. 



Quan- 
tity. 



Lhs. 
1,S52 



Value. 



9,721 



Common name. 



Manufac- 
turers' 

identifi- 
cation 
Nos., 
p. 116. 



p-Chloroaeetanilide 

Chloroaeotophenone 

o-Chroroaniiine 

IvChloroanihno 

o-Chlorobenzaldehyde. . . 
p-Chlorobenzaldehyde. . . 

o-Chlorobenzoic add 

p-Chlorobenzoic 'acid 

p-Ciilorobenzyl bromide. 

Clilorohydroquinone 

G-Chloro- 3 - hydroxjrto- 

luene 

p-Chlorophenol 

o-Chlorotolucne 

p-Chiorotoluene 

m-CrcsoI 

o-Cresolsulfonephthalein, 

p-Cresol (.synthetic) 

o-Cresolphthalein , 

o-Cresy 1 aL-etate 

o-Crcsyl methyl ether. . . 
m-Cresyl metliyl ether. . 
p-Cresyl methyl ether. ., 
o-Cresyl p-toluenesul- 

fonale , 

Diacetyl o-phenylene- 

diamine 

p-p Diam^inodiphenyl- 

methane 

Dibenzylmalonic ester. . . 
Dibromocresol- 

suh'onephthalein , 

2 : 4 Dibromopheuol 

Dibromosulloue- 

phthalein 

Di but ylaniline 

Di-n-ljut, ylaniline 

2 : 4 Dichloroaniline 

o-Dichlorobeuzeiie (pure) 
Dihydronapiithalene. .. . . 
p- Dime thy laminoazo- 

benzene 

Diraethylaminoben 

zaldehydc 

m-Di m e t h y 1 a m i n o- 

phenol 

p-D imethylamino- 

phen ol suha'i e 

2:4 Dimethylciuiuoliue. 
2 : 6 Dimethylquinoline. 
2 : 4 Dimethylquinoline 

sulfate...." 

Dime Ih y 1-p-toluidiue 

2 : 4 Dinilrobenaoicacid. 

3 : 5 Dinitrobenzoicacid. 
Dinitrobenzoylene urea. 
Dini troll ydroquinone 

diacetate 

Diphenyl 

Diphcnyl carbazide 

Diphenyl carbonate..... 
Diphenylethylenedia- 

mine 

DinhPuy!nitrosi,atr;ine . . 
Diphenyl pi perazine. . 

Diphenyl sulfide 

Dipropylaniline 

Ethylbcn/cnc 

Ethylm-nitrobenzoate 
Ethyl p-nitrobenzoate. . . 

Ethyl orange 

Eugenol methyl ether. . 

I'^ormaii Hide 

Hippuric acid 

p-Hydraziuobenzoic 

acid 

Ilydroquinone diaaetate. 



64 
54 
54 
54 
64 
54 
54 
54 
54 
54 

54 

54 

54 

54 

150 

81 

54, X 

54 

160 

54 

54 

64 

54 

54 

54 
160 

81 
160 

81 
64 

160 
54 
54 

160 

54 



54 

5-4 
54 
54 

54 

64 
64 
64 
54 

64 
54 
54 
54 

64 

64 

54 

54 

54 

160 

54 

IfcO 

54 

54 

64,160 

54, leo 

54 
54 



Total produc- 
tion, 1920. 



Quan- 
tity. 


Value. 


Lhs. 





























































































































































































































































PRODUCTION IN 1920. 



31 



Table 7.- 



-Productlon of chemicals for sale for research and experimental purposes, 
1920 — Continued. 



I 



Common name. 


Manufac- 
turers' 

identifi- 
cation 
Nos., 
p. 116. 


Total produc- 
tion, 1920. 


Common name. 


Manufac- 
turers' 

identifi- 
cat ion 
Nos., 
p. 116. 


Total produc- 
tion, 1920. 


Quan- 
tity. 


Value. 


Quan- 
tity. 


Value. 


Hydroquinone dimethyl 
ether 


54 

64 
64 

54 

54 
54 
64 
54 
160 
72 
150 
160 

54 
54 
54 
54 
54 

54 

160 

54 

54 

54 

54 
54 
54 

54 

54 
54 
54 
54 
54 
54 
51 

5-1 

54 
54 
54 
54 
54 
54 
54 
54 

1.50 

51 
54 
54 
54 

54 
54 
160 
54 
54 
160 
160 
54 
150, 160 

1.50 

54,160 

54 


Lhs. 




Phenylthiohydantoic 
acid 


54 

54 

54 
54,150 
54 
54 
54 
54 
54 

54 
54 
54 
54,160 
64 
54 
64 

5i 

54 

54 

54 

64 

54 

64 
64 

54 

54 
64 
81 

81 

81 

81 
54 
150 
64 
54 

81 
54 

54 

54 

54 

54 

54 

54 
54 
64 
54 
54 
frl 
5^1 
54 


Lh^. 




Hydroquinone mono- 
methyl etiier 






P h e n y 1 p-t olucnesul- 
fonate 






p-Hydroxyazolienzene. . 
p-Hydroxypheuylgly- 


::;:::.:::::: 


o-Phenylenedianiine hy- 
di'ocliloridc 












Phloroglucino] 






8-Hydroxyquiiioline 

lodoberrzene 






Phthalyl chloride 

a-Picoline 










1 


o-Iodobeiizcic acid 






Picramide 


L. 


p-Iodol>cnzoio acid 

o-Iodotohxene 






Picryl ciiloricie 








Piperidine 


1 


Isatin C. P 






Potassium hydrogen 
phthalate 






Lacmoid 








Mesitvlene 






Propionanilide 






o-Methoxybenzalde- 






Prop vlaniline 






hyde 


Ouinaldine 






o-Methoxybenzoic acid. . 






Quinoline 






6-Methoxyquiiioliiie 






Ouinone 






Methylacetanilide 






Resorcinol diacetate 

ReSorcinol dimethyl 
ether 






Methylaniline 










Methyl - o - methox yben- 










Resorcinol monomethyl 
ether 

Sodium o-dichloroben- 
zcne sulfonate 






Methyl-p-nitrobenzoate . 








Meth'vlphenylhvdrazine. 


















Mcthyl-p-toluidiiie 






Sodium 2:5 diclilorobeu- 
zene sulfonate 






b-Napbthalene sulfo- 








chloride 


Sodium diethylamino- 
benzene sulfonate 

Sodium m-dimethylami- 
nnbenzene sulfonate. . . 

Scdiimi m-etlijdamino- 
bcnzene sulfonate 

Sodium m-iiiirobenzoate 

Sodium o-xylcne sulfo- 
nate... 






b-Naphthaquinaldine . . . 








a-Naphtholbenzeiu 










b-Naphthvl iso-amyl 














3 - Nitro - 4 - acetylami- 








notoluene 
















o-Nitrcaniline 








p-Nitroanisole 






Sodium p-xyjene sulfo- 
nate 






m-Nilrobe:izal chloride. . 








o-Nitrobeiizoic acid 






Sulfosalicyhc acid 

o-Sulfobcnzcic acid 

o-Suifobenzoic acid (am- 
monium salt) 

o-.^ulfobenzoic acid 






m-Nitrobenzoic acid 










m - Nitrobenzoj'l chlo- 
ride 










p-Nitrobenzoyl chlo- 
ride 










p-Nilrobeuzvl bromide.. 






Tetrabromophenol sul- 
fonephthalein 






p-Nitrobenzyl cMoride. . 








m-Nitiobromobenzene. . 






TerephthaUc acid 

Tbio(3arbanilidc 






o-Nil,robrumobenzene. . . 










p-Nitrobromobenzene . . . 






p-Tliiocrosol 






o-Nitroiodobenzene 






Tliiopheuol 






p-Nitroiodobenzeno 

Nitron (Dipheiiylendo- 






Thymol sulfonephtha- 
lein 












aniiohydrotriazole) 


p-Tolnene sulf onanihde . 
p-Toluene sulfouyl 






p-N i t r b p henylhydra- 
zinc ". . .. 










p-Nitrosodiethylaniline . 
Nitroso-b-naphtbol 






p - Toluenesulfonyl - p - 
toluidine . 












m-Nitrotoluene 












Oxanilide 






p - Tolylhydrazine hy- 






Phenetcle 








Phenyl acetate 






2:4:6 Trinitrobenzalde- 
hyde 






Phenylacotonitrile 








Phenyiat^etvl chloride. . . 






2:4:6 Tiinitrobenzoic 
acid 






Phenyl alanine 








Phenylaminoacclic acid. 






Tiiphenylguaaiiiine 

Triphenylmethane 

Veratrole 






Phenyl benzoate 










Phenylhyurazine 










p-Phouylhydroxylar 






Xanthonc 






imiie 








Phunylniethyl carbinol. . 






m-Xy!c!!e 






Phenyl phthalate 






p-Xylene 



















82 census of dyes and coal-tar chemicals. 

Dyes and Other Finished Coal-Tar Products, 
introductory. 

The production of dyes and other finished products during the 
calendar year 1920 is shown in Table 13, page 50, in as great detail 
as possible, without revealing the output of individual manufae- 
turers. In Table 14, page 58, the production of individual dyes in 
1920 is compared with the output for the same dye in 1919, in all 
cases where the figures could be published. These finished coal-tar 
products are divided into the following eight classes: (1) dyes, 
(2) color lakes, (3) photographic chemicals (developers), (4) medici- 
nals, (5) flavors, (6) perfume materials, (7) synthetic phenolic resins, 
(8) synthetic tanning materials. In previous reports ^ the Commis- 
sion has emphasized the close relationship that exists between the 
manufacture of explosives, poison gases and dyes, and the fact that 
many explosives plants since the signing of the armistice have been 
converted into dye factories. The dye industry is also closely con- 
nected with the manufactures of flavors, perfume materials, photo- 
graphic chemicals, and other coal-tar products, which, although pro- 
duced in smaller quantities thTm dyes, use many of the by-products 
obtained in the manufacture of coal-tar dyes. 

The total output of dyes and other finished coal-tar chemicals in 
1920 was 112,942,227 pounds, valued at $112,731,547, by 161 firms, 
as compared with 82,532,390 pounds, valued at $84,585,544, by 155 
firms in 1919. This represents an increase of 37 per cent in quantity 
and of 33 per cent in value of these products. 

DYES. 

SUMMAEY OF PRODUCTION IN 1920. 

During 1920 the output of dyes in the United States showed, 
approximately, a 40 per cent increase both in quantity and value, 
the average unit value being practically the same (about $1.07 per 
pound) for 1920 and 1919. The production in 1920 was 88,263,776 
pounds, valued at $95,613,749. This output was manufactured by 
82 firms, which is 8 firms less than were making dyes in 1919. 

The increase in output of dyes in 1920 may be accounted for largely 
by an increased production of the more important dyes which were 
being exported during 1920, and by the increased domestic output 
of vat dyes including indigo. The amount of indigo produced in 
1920 was more than double the output in 1919, and there was a 
large increase in the production of sulphur black. The production 
of "vat dyes other than indigo" increased from about 390,000 pounds 
in 1919 to 1,160,000 pounds in 1920. This thi^ee-fold increase is 
accounted for largely by an increased output of a comparatively 
few dyes, as the class still lacks a variety of dyes. 

Number of manufacturers of each dye. — The dyes manufactured in 
■ 1920 have been studied from the standpoint of the number of firms 
manufacturing each dye. The dyes have been classified as follows : 

1 Census of Dyes and Coal-Tar Chemicals, 1917, 1918 ,and 1919. 



PRODUCTION IN 1920. 



33 



(1) Those which were each manufactured by one firm only. 

(2) Those which were each manufactured by two firms only. 

(3) Those which were each manufactured by three or more firms. 

(4) Those which were each manufactured by five or more firms. 

(5) Those which were each manufactured by seven or more firms. 
This information is shown in tabular form in Table 8. vSuch an 

analysis shows that of 360 dyes produced in 1920, 108 individual 
dyes, representing 92 per cent of the total output of dyes in 1920, 
were each manufactured by three or more firms. It is also seen that 
200 dyes, which, however, represented only 5 per cent of the total 
quantity produced, were each made by only one firm. The number 
which were each made by two firms was 52, or 3 per cent of the total 
output. 

Of still greater significance is the fact that those dyes (35 in num- 
ber) which represented slightly more than 50 per cent of the output 
were each manufactured by seven or more separate firms. The dyes 
which were each made by five or more firms represented about 60 
per cent of the total 1920 production. 

Table 8. — Analysis of production of dyes in 1920 by number of manufacturers making 

each dye. 

[Explanation of table: The dyes produced in 1920 are arranged in this table according to the number of 
firms manufacturing each individual dye. Column 2 shows the number of individual dyes which were 
each manufactured by a corresponding number of separate firms in column 1. Column 3 shows the 
total output iji pounds of the number of dyes shown in colimin 2. Column 4 shows the percentage of 
the total 1920 output of dyes represented by the quantity in coliunn 3.] 



Number of firms. 



1 only 

2 only 

3 or more 

5 or more 

7 or more 

Total dyes produced in 1920 



Dj^es 
each 
made by 
number 
of firms 
in col- 
umn 1. 



200 
52 

108 
59 
35 



Output of number of 
dyes in column 2. 



Pounds. 
3 



4, 351, 812 
2, 441, 000 
81, 470, 964 
55, 205, 751 
45, 531, 599 



88, 263, 776 



Per cent. 
4 



5 

3 

92 

63 

52 



Relation of 'production to consumption. — The imports of dyes during 
1920 amounted to 3,402,582 pounds, or only 4 per cent of the total 
domestic output of dyes which was 88,263,776 pounds. During 
1920 domestic exports of "aniline dyes" amounted to $22,450,480, 
and the exports of ''all other dyes and dyestuffs" (a large part of 
which was undoubtedly coal-tar dyes) amounted to $7,373,111. 
The export of '' aniline dyes " was 23 per cent of the value of domestic 
production and the combined exports of "aniline dyes" and *'all 
other dyes and dyestuffs" was 31 per cent of the domestic output. 

The tarift" act of September 8, 1916, provides that unless by Sep- 
tember 8, 1921, the domestic industry shall produce 60 per cent of 
the value of the domestic consumption the specific duties on dyes 
shall no longer be assessed. In any event the specific duties begin- 
ning at said date are to be annually reduced by 20 per cent until 
such duties shall no longer be assessed. That portion of the tariff 

55558 °— 21— No. 23 3 



34 CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 

act of September 8, 1916, relating to these specific duties reads as 
follows : 

During the period of five years beginning five years after the passage of this act 
such si>ecial duties s;hall be annually refiuced hj 20 per cent of the rate imposed by 
this section, so that at the end of such period such special duties shall no longer be 
assessed, levied, or collected; but if, at the expiration of five years from the date of 
the passage of this act, the President finds that there is not being manufactured or 
produced \vithin the United States as much as 60 per cent in value of the domestic 
consumption of the articles mentioned in Groups II (intermediates) and III (dyes 
and other finished products) of section 500, he shall by proclamation so declare, 
"whereupon the special duties imposed by this section on such articles shall no longer 
be assessed, levied, or collected. 

It is apparent, however, that the law is not clear or definite as to 
whether this should be applied to individual dyes or to dyes taken 
as a group. For the purpose of analysis it will be assumed that it 
applies to dyes taken as a group, and that domestic consumption is 
represented by production plus imports minus exports. On this 
basis, the consumption of dyes during 1920 amounted to $78,926,706, 
if the exports of "aniline dyes" alone are taken into consideration, 
or $71,553,595 if exports of ''aniline dyes and all other dyes and 
dyestuffs" are taken as exports of coal-tar dyes (see p. 42 for expla- 
nation of exports of dyes). In the first case the dom.estic produc- 
tion of $95,613,749 of dyes would represent 120 per cent of domestic 
consumption and in the latter case, 133 per cent of the total domestic 
consumption. 

PRODUCTION OF DYES BY CLASSES. 

The dyes produced in the United States during 1920 have been 
classified according to method of application under the following 
classes: (1) Acid dyes; (2) basic dyes; (3) direct dyes; (4) lake and 
spirit soluble dyes; (5) morda,nt and chrome dyes; (6) sulphur dyes; 
(7) vat dyes, subdivided into indigo and other vats; and (8) unclassified 
dyes. 

The production of dyes in the United States from 1917 to 1920, 
inclusive, and imports during the fiscal year 1914, and the calendar 
year 1920, are arranged according to the classes given above in Table 
9, and are also shown graphically in figure 1. 

Acid dyes. — As may be seen upon examination of Table 9 this class 
of dyes, totaling 17,741,538 pounds, ranks fourth in quantity of dyes 
produced in 1920. This class showed a 46 per cent increase over the 
[production of 1919 and accounted for 20.1 per cent of the 1920 out- 
: put. The prewar import (1914 fiscal year) of this group was 9,286,501 
i pounds as compared with only 733,405 pounds imported in 1920, which 
I was about 4 per cent of the domestic output. This essential class, for 
[wool and silk dyeing, constitutes one of the groups consumed in the 
I largest quantity. The fii-st dyes made in the United States during the 
iwar period were largely acid colors of a simple type which when dyed 
[on the fabric, were generally fugitive. While the 1917 census shows 
l& comparatively large production of acid dyes, totaling 9,372,121 
; pounds — an actual increase over the 1914 imports — the lack of 
JLvariety resulted in their indiscriminate use regardless of adaptability 
[and caused a rather lasting prejudice on the part of the public against 
■American-made dyes. The developments in the years 1918, 1919, 
""and 1920 have culminated in a greatly increased variety of acid dyes 
made in a uan titles adequate — or nearly so — for domestic consump- 



PEODUCTIOI^ IIT 1920. 



35 















r, '■1 


1 










_. o W 




! 1 >.i 




L_ 


^g 


k^^^ 


— ^r 




O Lt) O 
03 N <« 


? ^ 5 r -! 







to 


1 


Ui 


^ 


<o 


* 


to 




2 


X 1 


u 




>- 


^ K 


cq 




to 


5 


y 


z 


q 


U4 
-1 


tu 


u y 


o 


a? 




o ^ 


Y> 


CM -J 


K 


a« 


(C 


S> 




a 


to Q 


,^ 


i- <M 


^ 


C; Oi 




Q "~- 


q 


Q. 


<: 
< 


^fi^ 




^ '"^ 


:^ 




o 




p. 




H 


g 


Q 




O 


K 


cc 


o 


D. 


< 9 


k 




O 


a 




u 


•-> 


< 


■<, 


u 


o 


lO r-j 


Vj 


k: 




3: ^ 


ft. 


Oi 


^ 




O 


lO 


O 


ft; 


i 


g 




§ 


, 


►-S 


'—I 


9 


o 


a 


c: 





saN/iod Nonijy\[ 



Nouonaoud i/ei — sasnod SZS'SI 



SZHodMi Ozei — sa.vncd loi'lll ~ 



SdHOdini ozQi—sg^nod izs'li 



SlttfOdtV/ OZBI — 9QNnO(i 




saN/iod NonnijAi 



36 cEisrsus or dyes and coal-tar chemicals. 

tion. In 1920, 1 19 acid colors, of which. 76 were identified by Schuitz, 
were reported, and a large percentage of this number were produced 
in quantities sufficient for domestic needs. 

The output of this class shows a most encouraging gain in variety as 
well as quantity for the past year. The leading acid dyes in quantity 
produced during 1920 were Nigrosine (water soluble) , 2,74.3,021 pounds, 
an increase of 65 per cent; Agalma Black 10 B, 2,608,864 pounds, an 
increase of 39 per cent; Orange II, 1,850,341 pounds, an increase of 
66 per cent; Indigo Extract, 1,395,000 pounds, a decrease of 300,000 
pounds; Ponceau 2 R, 1,286,002 pounds, an increase of 130 per cent; 
and Tartrazine, 701,722 pounds. Other important dyes of this 
group which show considerable increase in output during 1920 in- 
clude Sulfon Acid Blue R, Sulfoncyanine, Metanil Yellow, Azo 
Rubine, Alizarine Saphirole B, Fast Red A, Bordeaux B, Amido- 
naphthol Red 6 B and G, Acid Violet, Croceine Orange, Paper Yellow, 
Guinea Green, Azo Yellow, Chromotrope 10 B, Victoria Violet, and 
Resorcin Brown. Many other acid dyes produced in somewhat 
smaller quantities also showed significant increases during 1920. 
New acid dyes appearing in 1920 include: Acid Violet 4 B, Double 
Brilliant Scarlet, Azo Acid Violet, Naphthol Black, Azo Mauve B, 
Acid Fuchsine, Eriocyanine, Acid Blue B, Fast Acid Violet A 2 R, 
Eosine BN, Rose Bengale, and Acid Yellow G. 

Among the more important acid dyes consumed in the United 
States during 1920 and for which no production was reported in 1920 
are Xylene Light Yellow, Patent Blues, and Quinoline Yellow. A com- 
parison of acid dyes imported in larger quantity in 1920 with the 
domestic output shows marked progress in the development of this 
group — this is especially true of Wool Green S, Tartrazine, Sulfoncya- 
nine, and Acid Violet 4 BN. 

Basic dyes. — As shown in Table 9, the 1920 output of basic dyes 
exceeded the 1919 production by 956,469 pounds. During 1920 the 
total production of this class was 4,993,001 pounds, and exceeded 
the 1914 import by 66.3 per cent. The unports of basic dyes in 1920 
were 192,163 pounds, or only about 4 per cent of domestic produc- 
tion, for the same period. The fundamental basic dyes, with few 
exceptions, were produced in adequate amounts for domestic needs 
during 1919. Several dyes of this class were made in quantities in 
excess of our domestic requirements and were exported during both 
1919 and 1920. In quantity produced. Malachite Green was the 
most important dye in this class, with an output of 654,237 pounds, 
which was a 17 per cent increase over 1919. Metliyl Violet ranked 
second with an output of 600,873 pounds, only a slight increase over 
1019. The other dyes of importance in quantity produced include 
Methylene Blue, with an output of 577,264 pounds, followed by 
Bismarck BrowTi and Bismarck Brown 2 R. Methylene Blue and 
Bismarck Brown both showed an increase over the 1919 output of 
about 25 per cent, vdiile Bismarck Brown 2 R showed a slight decrease. 

The two dyes, Auramine and Rhodamine B, wliich were the most 
important basic dyes imported during 1920, showed a considerable 
increase in domestic output during that year. Future developments 
in this class of dyes should include an increased output of Phosphine, 
Rhodamine B and 6 G, with the production of Indamine 6 R. 

Direct dyes. — The direct dyes ranked second in quantity of output, 
totaling in 1920, 19,882,631 pounds, or nearly double the imports 






PRODUCTION IN 1920. 37 

in 1914. This group accounted for 22.5 per cent of the total dyes 
manufactured in 1920. The imports of direct dyes in 1920 were 
571,581 pounds, or shghtly less than 3 per cent of the domestic pro- 
duction. An examination of the direct colors made in 1920 reveals 
an increased output of many of the faster substantive dyes, which 
were produced in only small amounts in the previous year. This has 
resulted in a better balanced output and variety of direct dyes, 
based on domestic requirements. Several of the fundamental direct 
dyes were made in amounts largely in excess of the 1914 imports 
and were among the the principal dyes imported during 1920. 

Of the total direct dyes, Direct Deep Black E W made up 39 per cent, 
the 1920 figures showing 7,736,994 pounds, an increase in quantity of 
486,987 pounds as compared with 1919. Erie Direct Black RX ranks 
second in this class, with a production of 2,050,741 pounds in 1920 — 
the largest increase in output of any individual dye (except indigo) 
made in 1920. Benzo Blue 2 B ranked third in this class, the total 
output for 1920 being 1,789,774 pounds, valued at $1,576,259, an 
increase of 30 per cent. Among the dyes of this class which showed 
a large output in 1920 and an increase over 1919 were the following 
colors, with the indicated percentage increase over 1919: Benzazurine 
G, increased by 58 per cent; Benzo Purpurine 4 B, 114 per cent; 
Congo Corinth G, 76 per cent; Congo Red, 72 per cent; Chrysophe- 
nine G, 185 per cent; Diamine Brown, 1,516 per cent; Oxamine 
Black BHN, 66 per cent, and Oxamine Green B, increased by 37 per 
cent. 

Direct dyes reported for the first time in 1920 and which could be 
identified according to vSchultz Tables included Benzo Brown B, 
Chrysamine R, Cotton Yellow R, Dianil Blue R, Diphenvl Brown 
3GN, Oxamine Blue 4 R, Stilbene Yellow and Thiazol Yellow RH. 
In addition there were many important direct dyes which were un- 
identified by Shultz Tables, some of which were produced in large 
quantities. An important example of this class is Zambesi Black V, 
which is in demand for dyeing union (cotton and silk) hosier}^. In 
some cases new trade names were used so that no comparison could 
be made v/ith the prewar equivalent type. These dyes are included 
in the totals. 

Direct dyes which showed a marked decrease during 1920 include 
Chloramine Black N, Primuline, Direct Yellow R, Benzo Blue 3 B, 
Oxamine Green GX, and Chloramine Green B. 

Direct dyes constituted 16.8 per cent of the total imports of dyes 
in 1920. An examination of the direct colors imported in 1920 
indicates that they were either not made in the United States or were 
made only in inadequate quantities. The production of these 
dyes will be necessary for a completely balanced and well-developed 
domestic dye industry. 

Color lake and spirit soluble dyes. — This group of dyes with an out- 
put of 2,205,281 pounds accounted for 2.5 per cent of the 1920 output, 
and was 1.4 times the imports of 1914. The imports of lake and 
spirit soluble dj^es were only one-half of 1 per cent of the total quan- 
tity of dyes imported in 1920. This class is smallest in quantity 
consumed and produced, but are essential materials for the large 
American industries manufacturing varnishes, paints, and litho- 
graphic inks. 



38 CENSUS OF DYES AND COAI^TAR CHEMICALS. 

Of the spirit soluble dyes, Nigrosine (s"pirit soluble) leads, with an 
output of 919,242 pounds, an increase of 166 per cent over that of 
1919. Other important spirit soluble dyes made in 1920 include 
Sudan II, 170,658 pounds; Induline (spirit soluble), 140,400 pounds; 
Sudan I, 116,624 pounds; Sudan III and IV, Butter Yellow and 
Spirit Yellow R. The output of Induline (spirit soluble), Sudan IV, 
Spirit Yellow R, Aniline Blue, and Spirit Yellow showed a considerable 
decrease in 1920 as compared with 1919. Important dyes used in the 
manufacture of color lakes reported in 1920 include Lithol Red R, 
Permanent Red 4 B, Lake ^ed D and C, and Heiio Fast Red. The 
production figures for these dy«s, however, can not be published. 

Mord-ant and chrome dyes. — This class of dyes includes ms^ny of the 
fastest known colors. They are essential for fast shades on woolens 
and, to a lesser extent (in the case of mordant dyes), in calico print- 
ing. The total output in 1920 was 3,900,209 pounds, or 4.4 per cent 
of the total production. This is a slight decrease in quantity from 
the previous yeai^'s output, and may be compared with 4,450,442 
pounds imported in 1914. Imports of this class of dyes in 1920 
amounted to 709,482 pounds, or 20.9 per cent of the total import 
and 18 per cent of domestic production in 1920. 

In this group the dyes identified by Schultz Tables, in general, 
show comparatively few conspicuous increases in output, while a few 
show large decreases. The production figures for a large part of the 
unidentified mordant dyes, and for identified dyes made by three or 
less producers, can not be published without revealing the individual 
output of the difi'erent firms; hence production of only a compara- 
tively few dyes in this group could be published. Some of the faster 
and moje valuable chrome colors produced in considerable quantity 
were among the unidentified dyes and it is these dyes which showed 
encouraging progress during 1920. 

Many of these mordant and chrome dyes are the most difficult and 
costly to develop with the possible exception of the vat dyea. There 
is still lacking in quantity and variety essential colors in this class, 
which should be included in future developments. An adequate 
supply of anthraquinone is necessary for the manufacture of the 
alizarin dyes included in this group. Certain of the mordant and 
chrome dyes are used in relatively small amounts, and it is natural 
from a manufacturing standpoint that they should be left until the 
last. 

In this group, Salicine Black U lead in quantity produced with a 
total of 1,074,248 pounds, an increase of 45 per cent over the 1919 
output. Among the more important identified dyes in this group are 
Diamond Black F, Metachrome Brown B, Diamond Black PV (first 
reported in 1920), Alizarin, Erio Chrome Black T, Palatine Chrome 
Red B, Alizarin vSX, and Delphine Blue B. Considerable decreases 
were shown in 1920 as compared with 1919 in the output of Gallo- 
cyanine, Erio Chrome Black T and Erio Chrome Black A. 

The first seven mordant and chrome dyes imported in largest 
quantity during 1920 were: Anthracene Blue WR, Alizarin, Alizarin 
Blue S, Acid Alizarin Black SE, Alizarin Blue Black, Alizarin Direct 
Green G, and Delphine Blue B. Four of these seven dyes were 
produced in the United States in 1920; the output, however, was 
not equal to the domestic demand. 



PBODUCTION IN 1920. 39 

Sulphur dyes. — Sulphur dyes continued to lead in quantity of 
output. This class, since 1917, has been produced in large excess 
of the 1914 imports. In 1920 the total output of sulphur dyes was 
20,034,-500 pounds, an increase of 14 per cent over that of 1919 and 
nearly three times the importation of this class of dyes during 1914. 
Sulphur dyes constituted 22.7 per cent of the total dyes produced 
in 1920. The American industry has been especially successful in 
the development of this class of dyes. These dyes were an impor- 
tant factor in our export trade of dyes in 1920. 

Sulphur Black has always been the most important sulphur dye 
produced in the United States and prior to 1920 was manufactured 
in larger quantity than any other dye. During 1920, however, the 
output of Indigo exceeded by 1,873,194 pounds the production of 
Sulphur Black which was 16,305,037 pounds, an increase of 12 
per cent over that of 1919. 

Next to Sulphur Black the sulphur blues ranked second in quantity 
produced; the 1920 output was 1,514,811 pounds, a decrease of 7 
per cent from that of 1919. Sulphm* browns showed an increase 
of 57.5 per cent compared with the 1919 output, the output for 
1920 was 1,269,731 pounds. The most important developments 
in this class during 1920 were large increases in the output of sulphur 
maroons and sulphur yellows. 

Of the sulphur dyes imported in 1920, Thional Brown and Tliional 
Yellow were the most important. This class, however, constituted 
only 6.7 per cent of the total dyes imported during 1920, and was 
only slightly more than 1 per cent of the domestic output of sulphur 
dyes. 

Vat dyes. — The production of vat dyes in 1920 showed a larger 
increase over 1919 than any other group. The progress in this 
class of dyes may be considered the most conspicuous development 
in 1920. Indigo alone exceeded the 1919 output by 9,3j4,407 
pounds, and was the largest individual color produced in 1920. The 
increase in output of vat dyes, other than indigo," compared 
with the previous year was 770,710 pounds. Several dyes of this 
group were produced in excess of the 1914 imports. This increase 
may be accounted for by a few dyes and therefore there still exists 
a lack of variety in this class. The quantity produced in the case 
of certain of the dyes in this group is still inadequate. 

The production of Indigo (20 per cent paste) was greater in both 
quantity and value than that of any other individual dye. In 
1920, 18,178,231 pounds valued at .^13,497,981 were manufactured 
as against 8,863,824 pounds valued at $5,233,719 in 1919. In 1914, 
when all Indigo was imported, the imports were 8,407,359 pounds. 
These figures would indicate a considerable export trade in this 
color. 

The output of the Brom-indigos showed a very large increase. 
Conspicuous increases were also shown in the manufacture of In- 
danthrene Blue GCD, the most important vat dye other than Indigo, 
and in the output of Indantlu-ene Yellow. The figures for me 
domestic production for these colors, however, can not be revealed. 
The following vat dyes, some of which were produced in consider- 
able quantity, were first reported in 1920: Hydron Blue R; Indan- 
threne Blue BO; Indanthrene Violet 2 R; Indanthrene Black; In- 
danthrene Blue RS; Algol Yellow R, and Indanthrene Brown B. 



40 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 



This class of dyes was (with the exception of indigo) the last to be 
developed because of their complexity, high cost of manufacture, 
scarcity of anthracene, German control of patents until October, 1917, 
and relatively small consumption (vat dyes other than indigo con- 
stituted only 4 per cent of the imports in 1914). The progress dur- 
ing 1920 in this class of dyes is of great credit to the technical skill of 
the American dye industry and the manufacture of more than eighteen 
million pounds of Indigo may be regarded as the outstanding achieve- 
ment of the American dye industry. A balanced production of 
vat dyes will include the future manufacture of vat scarlets and 
pinks (thioindigoids), with an increase in the output of such dyes 
as Indanthrene Blue GCD, Indanthrene Violet 2 R and B, Indan- 
threne Yellow G and R, Indanthrene Golden Orange R, Hydron 
Blue G and R, and Helindone Brown. 

Table %.— Comparison of imports 1914 and 1920 with the production of dyes 1917 to 

1920, inclusive, by classes. 



Class. 



Acid 

Basic 

Direct 

Lake and spirit soluble. 
Mordant and chrome. . . 

Sulphur 

Vats (including indigo) 

(a) Indigo 

(o) Other vats 

Unclassified 

Total 



1914 (fiscal year). 



Imports. 



Pounds. 
9, 286, 501 
3,002,480 

10, 2M, 757 
1,512,605 
4, 450, 442 
7,053,879 

10, 352, 6fi3 

8, 407, 359 

1,945,304 

27, 568 



45, 950, 895 



Per cent 
of total. 



20.2 

6.5 

22.3 

3.3 

9.7 

15. 4 

22.5 

13.3 

4.2 

.1 



100.0 



1917 



United 

States 

production. 



Pounds. 

9, 372, 121 

2,073.043 

11,181,761 

934, 360 

4,164,902 

15,588,222 

289, 296 

274, 771 

14, 525 

2. 368, 541 



45, 977, 246 



Per cent 
of total. 



20.4 
4.5 

24.3 
2.2 
9.1 

33.9 
.0 



1918 



United 

States 

production. 



Pomids. 
9, 799, 071 
2, 879, (B9 

12, 285, 6a3 
1,068,466 
5,447,192 

23, 698, 826 

3,281,3.37 

3,083,888 

197, 449 

4,232 



58,464,446 



Per cent 
of total. 



16.8 
4.9 

21.1 
1.8 
9.3 

40.5 

5.6 

5.3 

.3 



100.0 



Class. 



Acid 

Basic 

Direct 

Lake and spirit .soluble 

Mordant and chrome 

Sulphur 

Vats (inciu-iing indigo).. 

(a) Indigo 

{}>) Other vatr- 

Unclassified 

Total 



1919 



United 

States 

production. 



Pounds. 

12, 195, 968 
4, 036, 532 

14,444,934 
1, '813, 199 
3,985,050 

17,624,418 

9,252,982 

8,863; 824 

389, 1.58 

49,111 



63,402,194 



Per cent 
of total. 



19.2 

6.4 

22.8 

2.8 

6.3 

27.8 

14. 6 

14.0 

.6 

.1 



100.0 



1920 



United 

States 

production. 



Pounds. 
17,741,538 

4, 993, 001 
19. 882, 631 

2; 205. 281 

3,90'J, 209 
20,034,500 
19, 338, (199 
18, 178, 231 

1,159,808 
108, 517 



88, 203, 776 



Per cent 
of total. 



20.1 

5.7 

22.5 

2.5 

4.4 

22.7 

21.9 

20. 

1.3 

.2 



100. 



Imports. 



Pounds. 
733, 405 
192, 103 
571,581 
17, 527 
709, 482 
229, 140 
932, 464 
171, 101 
761,363 
16, 820 



3, 102, 582 



Per cent 
of total. 



21.5 
5.7 

16.8 
.5 

20.9 
6.7 

27.4 

22.4 
5.0 



100.0 



IMPORTANT DYES IMPORTED. 



Table 10 sliows a comparison of the dyes of each class imported in 
the largest quantity during 1920, with the domestic production for 
the same year in case the figures can be published. This gives an 
indication of the more important requirements of the domestic con- 
sumer not adequately met by the domestic dye manufacturer. 



PRODUCTIOISr IN 1920. 



41 



In the case of acid dyes, the 10 leading dyes in quantity imported 
accounted for more than 61 per cent (450,767 pounds) of a total of 
733,405 pounds imported during 1920. Four of these were manu^ 
factured in the United States during the same year in quantities 
considerably in excess of imports. 

In the group of basic dyes the first six dyes in quantity imported 
made up 77 per cent of the total of 192,163 pounds. Only two of 
these were not made in the United States during 1920. 

Among the direct dyes, the first 12 in quantity imported totaled 
283,584 pounds, or about 50 per cent of the 571,581 pounds in this 
class imported during 1920. Three of these were produced in the 
United States. 

The first 11 mordant and chrome colors imported in 1920 made up 
60 per cent of the total of 709,482 pounds imported. Six of these were 
manufactured in the United vStates during the same year. 

Six sulphur dyes made up 162,766 pounds, or 71 per cent of the 
total sulphur dyes of 229,140 pounds imported in 1920. Similar types 
to these sulphur dyes with one exception were made in the United 
States. 

The first 15 vat dyes in quantity imported totaled 745,560 pounds, 
or 71 per cent of the total vat colors imported in 1920. Seven of 
these dyes were made in the United States in 1920, but in inadequate 
amounts with the exception of indigo. 

Table 10. — Comparison of dyes imported in largest quantity ivith domestic production, 

1920, by classes. 



Schultz 
No. 



Class and name of dye. 



566 
22 
23 
54.5 
543 
613 
507 
527 
257 



ACID DYES. 



Wool Green S 

Xylene Light Yellow. 

Tartrazioie 

Paten;. Blue A 

Patent Blue 

Quinoline Yellow 

Xylene Blue V.S 

Acid Violet 4 B.N... 

Sulfoncyanine 

Xylene Fast Green . . . 



BASIC DYES. 



493 
573 
600 
559 
705 
571 



449 
457 

"279" 



4',6 
274 
350 

"m 

370 



AuramLne 

Rhodamine B . . 

Phosphinc 

Victoria Blue. . . 
Indomine6R... 
Rhodamine 6G . 



Zambesi Black 

Trisiilfonc Brown 

Trisulfone Brown G. G . . . 

Pyrazol Orange G 

Benzo Fast Scar Jet 

Chloramine Brilliant Red. 

Columbia Bla^^k 

Diamino'.,'ene B 

DiauolRed2B 

Dianiino Fast Blue 

Thiazol Yellow 

Brilliant Congo R 



DIRECT DYES. 



1920 



Produc- 
tion. 



Pouv.ds. 
212, 362 



701, 722 



(1) 
675,078 






(1) 



(') 



(1) 



Imports. 



Pounds. 
127,764 
77,782 
47, 877 
44,801 
36, 420 
34,440 
27,254 
23, 335 
18,327 
12, 767 



74, 414 
24,709 
19, 529 
11, 782 
9,681 
8,574 



41,670 
38, 616 
38, 411 
24,329 
24,153 
23, 375 
23,350 
18,120 
17,632 
11,617 
11,182 
11,129 



1 Production in the United States, but figures not publishable. 



42 



CENSUS or DYES AIsTD COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 



Table 10. — Comparison of dyes imported in largest quantity with domestic production, 
1920, by classes — Continued. 



Schultz 
No. 



789 
778 
804 
288 
865 
622 
862 
858 
180 
774 
788 

747 



874 
842 
768 
849 
767 
881 
761 
910 
907 
748 
901 
920 
838 
873 
836 



Class aud name of dye. 



MOEDANT AND CHEOME DTES. 



Anthracene Blue W. R 

Alizarin , 

Alizarin Blue S 

Acid Alizarin Black S. E 

Alizarin Direct Green G. . .' 

Delpliine Blue B 

Alizarin Blue Black 

Alizarin saphirol B 

Erio Chrome Blue Black B. C. 

Alizarin Black 

Alizarin Cyanine 



Thional Brown 

Thioaal Yellow 

Thional Brilliant Green. 

Thional Green 

Thionine Green 

Cross Dye Green 



SULPHUK DYES. 



Indigo 

Indanthrene B'ue, G. C. D... 

Indanthrene Black 

Indanthrene Yellow 

Indanthrene Violet R. R 

CibaBlue2B 

Indanthrene Gold Orange R . 

Heliudone Pink 

Ciba Scarlet G 

Hydron Blue 

CibaVioletB 

Helindone Violet 

Indanthrene Blue R. S 

Helindone Brown A. N 

Hehndone Brown 3 G. N 



V.^T DYES. 



Prodnc- 
tion. 



Pounds. 



76, 719 



(1) 
29, 255 



Imports. 



0) 
(1) 
(1) 
0) 



18,178,231 
(') 
(») 






Pounds. 
103, 913 
73,252 
43, 679 
34,302 
31, 851 
29, 643 
28, 802 
28, 210 
20, 371 
17,421 
16, 781 

43, 219 
36,056 
26,806 
24,040 
16, 747 

15, 898 

171, 101 
147, 620 
84,165 
75,665 
40, 782 
35,857 
35,338 
27, 162 
25, 578 
19, 210 
18, 287 

16, 882 
16,386 
16,290 
15, 238 



1 Production in the United States, but figures nofrpublishable. 



DOMESTIC DYES EXPORTED PROM THE UNITED STATES. 

The Commerce Department reports exports of domestic ''dyes and 
dyestuffs, " which classification is further divided into three groups — 
(1) aniUne dyes, (2) logwood extract, (3) all other dyes and dyestuffs. 
Under this third classification there may be reported both natural 
dyes, other than logwood extract, and coal-tar dyes. Logwood extract, 
however, is by far the most important natural dye exported from the 
United States, and it is, therefore, reasonable to assume that a large 
part of ''all other dyes and dyestuifs" represents coal-tar dyes. 
Table 11 shows by months the total export of dyes from the United 
States, and this same information is shown graphically in Figure 2. 
The countries to which dyes are exported from the United States 
are shown in detail in Part IV, Appendix. 

Omitting from consideration the export of "all other dyes and 
dyestuffs," the trend of the export of "aniline dyes" in recent years 
is interesting. During 1918 and 1919 the exports of "aniline dyes'' 
amounted to $8,629,611 and $10,724,071, respectively. During these 
years the exports by months ranged from a minimum of $441,704 
m February, 1918, to a maximum of $1,377,623 in November, 1918. 
During 1920 (calendar year) the exports of aniline dyes showed an 
increase of more than 100 per cent over those of 1919, or, in other 



PKODUCTI03? IN 1930. 



43 



words, tliey amounted to $22,450,480. The maximum export in 
any one month during 1920 was $2,648,615 in March. During the 
first four months of 1921 the exports of aniline dyes showed a marked 
decline. During the month of April (the last month for which 
figures are available) the exports of "aniline dyes" amounted to 
only $305,760, or only slightly more than 10 per cent of the maximum 
montiily export during 1920. The export of aniline dyes during 
April, 1921, was about equal to the lowest monthly export during the 



F/o^I.-Value Of Domestic EJiPOBTd Of Dyes 
By Months 



ANILINE Dye 5 

All Other Dyes [i] 



CRD 6-2-ZI. 



1917 



1918 




1919 



1920 



192. 1 



IZOO 



800 



400 



July 1917 To April J9ZI Incl. 



1 The domesiic exports of dyes, as sho\\ii by the Commerce Department, are divided into 3 groups— (l) 
aniline dyes, (2) logwood extract, and (3) all other dyes and dyes- tuffs. 

The third classihcatiou may include both natural dyes (other than logwood extracts, shown separately), 
as well as coal-tar dyes. Since logwood extract, howe\ er^ is the most important natural dye exported from 
the United States, it is reasonable to assume that a considerable portion of "all other dyes and dyestuffs". 
rej)resents coal-tar dyes. 

latter half of 1917, when the domestic industry was net as highly 
developed as at present (1921), 

If the export ot " all other dyes and dyestuffs " (a large part of which 
is undoubtedly coal-tar dyes) is taken into consideration, the decrease 
in the total exports during the first four months of 1921 follows very 
closely the decrease of "aniline dyes" alone. The export during this 



44 CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 

period of aniline dyes and all other dyes and dyestuffs amounted to 
$2,797,774, as compared with S9, 741, 077 during the same period of 
1920. During the month of April, 1921, the total exports of these 
two groups amounted to $365,010, or about 10 per cent of the maxi- 
mum monthly export of $3,628,706 during June, 1920. 

The Tariff Commission in its ''Census of Dyes and Coal-Tar 
Chemicals, 1919", made the following statement:^ 

In esti'Tiating the significance of this achievement of the domestic industry in the 
exportation of dyes it should be remembered that domestic manufacturers during 1919 
and 1920 have met little competition in foreign markets from German dyes. It 
should also be pointed out that any deductions as to competitive strength of the 
domestic industry which are based on exports of dyes do not take into consideration 
the fact that the domestic industry is still deficient in the important group of vat and 
alizarin dyes. 

The accuracy of this statement is borne out by the rapid decline 
in the exports of dyes during the early part of 1921. Although this 
decrease m.ay be attributed to general business depression, it may be 
largely accounted for, however, by the fact that German dyes (either 
directly or through reexport of reparation dyes) have again made their 
appearance in the principal export markets, such as China, India, 
and Japan. The result has been that the United States has lost 
by far the larger part of her export trade in dyes in these markets. 

1 Census of Dyes and Coal-Tar Chemicals ;1919, p. 11. 



PRODUCTION IN 1920. 



45 



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46 CENSUS OE DYES Al^D COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 



PRODUCTION OF DYE3 IN GERMANY. 



Beginning with February, 1920, detailed statements of one-quarter 
of the monthly production (this portion is required to be reserved 
for optional purchases of the Allied and Associated Governments by 
the Peace Treaty, Annex VI, part II) of dyes in Gernia,ny were made 
to the Reparations Commission. Copies of these monthly statements 
from February, 1920, to March, 1921, inclusive, have been received 
by the Department of State, which has given permission for their 
publication by the Tariff Commission. A summary of these reserve 
stocks, containing the monthly reserve for each class of dyes, accord- 
ing to application, is shown in Table 12. 

Production of dyes in Germany during the first year after the 
signing of the armistice was practically negligible compared with the 
prewar output. During February, 1920, the quantity of dyes re- 
served by German plants for the allies tx>taled 870,449 pounds, in- 
dicating a total output of over three and one-half million pounds 
for that month. A progressive increase is sho^vn for each following 
month, reaching a maximum output of 3,026,247 pounds in August, 
1920, which corresponds to a total output of over 12,000,000 pounds 
monthly. During the remainder of 1920 the fluctuation varied 
from a minimum of 2,674,710 pounds in December, to a maximum 
of 2,978,806 pounds in November. The total quantity of dyes 
reserved by the German plants from February to December, inclusive, 
1920, was 25,842,201 pounds, which corresponds to a production of 
103,368,804 pounds. The reserved production receded from a maxi- 
mum of 3,026,247 pounds in August, 1920, to an output of 2,669,096 
pounds for January, 1921, and to 1,976,094 pounds for February. 
The total quantity of dyes reserved by the German plants for the 
allies for the first three months in 1921 was 6,828,278 pounds. 

This rate of output in the first three months of 1921 is less than 
one-half the German prewar exports of coal-tar dyes. The total 
quantity of stocks reserved from February 1920 to March, 1921, 
inclusive, was 32,670,479 pounds. 

It is of particular interest in examining the output of the differ- 
ent classes of dyes, according to application, that the production 
based upon the above monthly reports shows a large output of acid, 
direct and sulphur colors, and indigo paste, v>^hereas there is a small 
production of vat dyes, Indanthi-ene Blue, G. C. D., Alizarin, and 
Alizarin colors other than Alizarin Red. The German production 
program has apparently resulted in the larger output of those types 
of dyes made in America, with a minimum output of the dyes either 
not made in the United States or made in quantit^^ insufficient to 
meet domestic needs. 



PRODUCTION IN 1920. 



47 



Table 12. — One-qimrter of production in German dye plants ' reserved for purchase of 
Allied and Associated Governments , February, 1920 to March, 1921. 

[Pounds.] 



Classification of colors. 



Alizarin red 

Indigo paste 

Vat colors, except Indan- 

threneBlue G C D 

Indantlirone Blue O C D. , 
Alizarin colors other than 

red 

Direct colors for cotton . . . . 
Direct colors for diazotiza- 

tiou 

Acid colors for wool 

Chrome colors for wool 

Basic colors 

Sulphur colors 

Lake colors 

Intermediate products 



February. 



28,629 
33,203 

15,346 
3,135 

17,240 
262, 123 

63.402 
149, 827 

61,313 

19,912 
163, 822 

56,958 
1,539 



Total. 



876,449 



March. 



100,347 
124,258 

9,361 



22,862 
346, 301 

51,495 
202, 819 

91, 257 

44,374 
149, 452 
164,229 

12,699 



April. 



79, 070 
306,371 

19, 577 
3,307 

40,622 
400,221 

54,586 
265, 094 

95,605 

72, 2S9 
235,423 
1.56, 163 

85, 527 



1,813,855 



May. 



124,401 
338,318 

62, 183 
9,489 

54,643 
451, 138 

44,687 
360, 192 
132, 287 
100, 555 
190, 515 
150, 085 

89, 672 



2, 114, 165 



June. 



241, 194 
291,294 

41,786 
11,329 

92. 022 
541, 534 

88, 131 
419, 842 
182, 647 
124, 035 
305, 979 
170, 742 



2,510,535 



July. 



206, 251 
543, 747 

72, 595 
14, 420 

63,411 
694,700 

126,983 
512, 594 
195,246 
126, 723 
323, 170 
136, 196 



3,016,045 



Classification of colors. 



Alizarin red 

Indigo paste 

Vat colors, except Indan- 
threneBlueGCD 

Indanthrene Blue G C D... 

Alizarin colors other than 
red 

Direct colors for cotton 

Direct colors for diazotiza- 
tion 

Acid colors for wool 

Chrome colors for wool 

Ea."ic colors , 

Sulphur colors 

Lake colors 

Intermediate products 



Total. 



1920 



August. 



210, 328 

777, 774 

54,828 
9,370 

69,612 
573,004 

113,973 
469, 589 
200,504 
144, 595 
291,832 
110,838 



3,026,247 



Septem- 
ber. 



198,632 
642, 729 

62,608 
16,043 

88,658 
593,694 

95, 439 
492, 647 
208, 760 
163, 661 
285,804 

73,565 



2,922,240 



October. 



215,028 
426,599 

84,366 
1,131 

58,440 
666,239 

117,562 
487, 131 
216, 0.57 
151, 145 
262, 744 
92,690 



Novem- 
ber. 



235, 775 
6.3.5,419 

88, 440 
3,554 

59,698 
648,946 

117,6.53 
518, 041 
163, .304 
139, S05 
276, 510 
91,661 



2,978,806 



Decem- 
ber. 



191,066 
373, 803 

06,938 
21,867 

42,306 

600. 257 

103, 409 

486. 258 
224, 272 
164, 207 
320, 659 

79,668 



Total 

for II 

months, 

1920. 



1,830,721 
4,493,515 

578,028 
93,645 

609,514 
5,778,166 

977,320 
4,-364,034 
1,771,252 
1,257,301 
2,805,910 
1,282,795 



25,842,201 



Grou]). 


Classificalion of colors. 


1921 


Total 
for 3 


January. 


February. 


March. 


months, 
1921. 


I 




137,999 
630, 621 

50, 150 
1,759 

43, 563 
.512, 056 
132, 239 
479,602 
154,342 
128,962 
2S5, 498 
112,305 


35,077 
529, 970 

69,754 
2,811 

12, .560 
350, 355 

52, 589 
358, 821 

98, 764 
159. 426 
207, 532 

98,435 


74,103 
608, 849 

53,797 
2,917 

22,090 
421,938 

52, 128 
390, .547 
106, 751 
153,423 
204, 609 

91,936 


247, 179 


II 


Indieo paste 


1,769,440 


III 

IV 

V 


Vat colors, except Indanthrene Blue G C D 

Indai'threiic Blue G C D ..- 


173, 701 

7,487 
78, 213 


VI 


Direct colors for cotton 


1,284,349 


VII 


Direct colors for dia/.otization 


236,956 


VIII 




1,228,970 


IX 


Ch-ome colors for wool 


359,857 


X 


Basx colors ^ 


441,811 


XI 


Sulphur colors 


697,639 


XII 




302,676 


XIII 


Intermediate products. . 






Total 










2,669,096 


1,976,094 


2,183,088 


6, 828, 278 









» Peace Treaty, Annex VI, Part II. 



48 CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 

OTHER FINISHED COAL-TAR PRODUCTS. 

Color lakes. — -The coal-tar products included in this group are a 
class of pigments used for paints, lithographic inks, and many other 
purposes. They are made by fixing a coal-tar dye on an inert base 
material, such as aluminum hydroxide or barium sulphate. In cer- 
tain cases a finished coal-tar dye may be used, while in other cases 
the dye may be made at the time of fixation, such as parani tramline 
red from betanaphthol and p-nitro aniline. 

In 1920, 10,983,538 pounds of color lakes, valued at $5,871,820, 
were produced in this country. This represents a 45 per cent increase 
in quantity over that of 1919. Of the various special groups of color 
lakes reported the " red lakes " are first, with a total output of 4,410,797 
pounds, followed — in order of am.ount produced — by para red lakes, 
970,589 pounds; scarlet lakes, 783,011 pounds, maroon lakes, 740, 765 
pounds; blue lakes and eosine lakes. 

PJiotograyhic chemicals. — -The total production of coal-tar chemicals 
used as photographic developers was 440,759 pounds, valued at 
$1,015,848, a slight increase m quantity and a slight decrease in 
value compared with the 1919 figures. Of the four coal-tar photo- 
graphic developers reported, hydroquinone leads, with an output of 
411,019 pounds, an increase of 51 per cent over that of 1919. Methyl 
p-aminophenol sulfate (metol) decreased 51 per cent to 28,831 
pounds. This decrease may be accounted for largely by competition 
from imported metol. The output of p-aminophenol sulfate also 
decreased. The price per unit of each of these three developers 
decreased, and the unit price per pound of the entire group of pho- 
tographic chemicals showed a decrease from $3.16 per pound in 1919 
to $2.30 per pound in 1920. Methyl o-aminophenol (ortol) was 
produced for the first time in 1920. 

Medicinals. — The total output of coal-tar medicinals in 1920, 
including disinfectants, was 5,184,989 pounds, valued at $5,726,776, 
compared with 6,777,988 pounds, valued at $7,883,071, in 1919. The 
production of disinfectants in 1919 was 2,103,101 pounds. There 
was a large decrease in the output of disinfectants in 1920, but the 
figures are not publishable. The technical skill and research required 
in the manufacture of the variety of coal-tar medicinals in this group 
has been one of the great accomplishments of the American coal-tar 
industry. A well-developed output of coal-tar medicinals is essential 
to the country's welfare. 

As in the previous year the leading coal-tar medicinal in quantity 
and value was acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin), with a production of 
1,708,436 pounds, valued at $1,472,493, a slight decrease in quantity, 
with a large reduction in value from $2.27 to 86 cents per pound m 
1919. Acetanilide ranked second in quantity, with an output of 
1,255,140 pounds, a 37 per cent increase over that of 1919. From a 
medicinal standpoint, arsphenamine (salvarsan) may be considered 
the most important coal-tar product in this group. The output of 
this product by three manufacturers in 1920 was 605 pounds, valued 
at $380,136, which was a slight decrease from the output in 1919. 
The following medicinals showed a large increase in output compared 
with that of the previous year: Salol, sodium salicylate, benzyl ben- 
zoate, phenol sulfonates (calcium, sodium, and zinc, etc.). 



PRODUcTioisr i:n^ 1920. 49 

Coal-tar medicinals reported for the first time in 1920 include ace- 
tamidosalol, ammonium benzoate, benzyl alcohol, benzyl valerate, 
cinnamic acid, refined creosote, guaiacol benzoate, lithium benzoate, 
mercuric benzoate, mesotan, novaspirin, phloroglucinol, acriflavine, 
and proflavine, salophen, and tolysin (p-methyl phenyl cinchoninic 
acid ethyl ether) . 

Flavors and perfume matermls. — These two classes of coal-tar 
chemicals have no sharp line of demarcation, as many coal-tar prod- 
ucts are used as both flavors and perfumes, and a separate classi- 
fication is, in certain cases, somewhat arbitrary. The total quantity 
of flavors produced in 1920 showed a 73 per cent reduction, due to 
the greatly diminished output of saccharin, although the numher of 
flavors nearly doubled, compared with 1919. 

Saccharin, chiefly used as a sugar substitute and tobacco sweetener, 
totaled 137,315 pounds, valued at S418,757, a 75 per cent decrease 
in quantity, with an increase in unit value from $1.85 to $3.05 per 
pound. Coumarin, used both as a soap perfume and in the prepa- 
ration of vanilla extracts, also showed a greatly reduced output. 
The new flavors reported in 1920 were benzAd acetate, benzyl cin- 
namate, cinnamyl propionate, ethyl cinnamate, methyl phthalate, 
and vanilidine. 

The production of perfume materials was 99,740 pounds, valued 
at $332,008, a 138 per cent gain in quantity compared with that of 
1919, and the number increased from 24 to 41. The following per- 
fume materials were reported for the first time in 1920: Acetophe- 
n»ne, aubepine (anisic aldehyde), cinnamic aldehyde, diphenyl 
methane, ethyl benzoate, ethyl phthalate, isobutylphenyl acetate, 
methyl benzoate, methylbenzyl acetate, methyl cinnamate, methyl 
indol, phenylpropyl acetate, styrene, isobutylsalicylate, methyl guaia- 
col, benzylidine acetone, and methyl paracresol. 

Synthetic resins. — The coal-tar resin industry is a distinctly Ameri- 
can discovery and development, and has resulted only from the most 
careful research and engineering skill. These products were first 
made by the condensation of phenol with formaldehyde and ammonia 
or with hexamethylenetetramine. In later years cresol has been 
used as a base and also para-coumarone. In 1920 the output of 
synthetic resins totaled 4,659,680 pounds, valued at $3,410,179, a 
50 per cent increase in c[uantity over 1919. These products are 
used as an amber substitute in making pipe stems and cigarette 
holders and similar articles. They are also of especial importance 
as electrical insulating materials and in the manufacture of varnishes 
and lacquers. 

Synthetic tanning materials. — Four fii'ms reported the production 
of 3,142,861 pounds of synthetic tanning materials, valued at 8233,- 
674, a large increase compared with that of 1919, when only one 
maker reported these products. Sj^nthetic tans, made by the con- 
densation of certain coal-tar derivatives with formaldehyde in the 
presence of an acid, are of recent development. The large expan- 
sion in 1920 in this new branch of the coal-tar chemical industry is 
one of the conspicuous developments of -that year, and these prod- 
ucts promise to oecome important materials in the tanning industry. 

555.jS°— 21— No. 23 i 



50 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 



Table 13. — Production of finished coal-tar -products during 1920. 

[The number in the first (i-nhimn identifies the dye according tothe 1914 edition of the Sehultz tables. The 
secoTid column gives the common name of the dye. The numbers in the third column refer to the nnm- 
bered alphabetical list of manufpcturers printed on p. IKk An X signifies that the corresponding product 
was made by a manufacturer who did not consent to the publication of iiis identification number in con- 
nection therewith. Blanks in the fourth and fifth columns indicate that there was actual production 
during 1920, \n\t that the figures can not be pubUshed without revealing information in regard to the 
output of individual firms. The figures thus concealed are, however, included In the totals.] 



Common name. 



Total finished coal-tar 
products. 

NTTROSO DYES. 

Naphthol Green 

NTTRO DYES. 



Picric Acid 

Naphthol Yellow. 
Pigment Chlorine. 



STILBENE DYES. 



Direct Yellow R 

Stilbene Yellow 

Chloramine Orange G . 



PYRAZOLONE DYES. 

Tartrazine 



AZO DYES. 



Monoazo dyes. 



Spirit Yellow 

Butter Yellow 

Chrysoidine Y 

Chrysoidine R 

Sudan I 

Croceine Orange 

Orange G 

Chromotrope 2 R 

Fast Acid Fuchsine B . . . 
Amino Naphthol Red G. 
Alizarin Yellow GG 



Thiazol Yellow RH . 
Paranitraniline Red. 

Chromotrope 2 B 

Alizarin Yellow R... 



Victoria Violet 

Lana Fuchsine 

Azo Coralline 

Amino Naphthol Red 6 B.'. 

Chromotrope 6 B 

Spirit YeUow R 

Brilhant Orange O 

Hello Fast Red 

Sudan II 

Xylidine Orange 2 R 

Ponceau 2 R . .'. 

Ponceau 3 R 

Acid Anthracene Browji R. 

Metachrome Brown B 

Diamond Flavine G 

AulolReflRLP 

Siilphaniine Brown A 

Bord(*iux B 

Diamine Rose 

Salmon Red 

Mel anil Yellow 

Acid Yellow G 

Met liyl Orange 

Azo Yellow 

TropaeoUne 

Orange I 

Orange 11 



Ifanufacturers' identifi- 
cation Nos., p. 110. 



7, 52, X . 



.33 

78,89, X, X. 
33 



7, 25, 33, 55, 112, 117, 127, 142. 

51 

7,55,59, 117 



22,23,89,112,152. 



25. 



8,25,33,35 69.89, 112, 117,X. 

25,33,51,64,69,84,112 

25,33,51,64,69, X , 

25,35,69,112,114 

7,33,92,112,141 

7, 22, 23, 25, ,51, 112,141 

112,117 

2.5,112,117 

7, .59, 64, 112 

7, 23, 33.38. 64,79, 114, 123, 

142, 170, X. 
59 



142 

22,117 

7, 23, 38, 64, 76, 79, 141, 142, 
170, X. 

112,117 

117 

59,6-1 

59,64,112,114 

7,112. 117 

3-5,112 

33 



142 

2.5,35,69,112 

7,25 

7, 2.3, 25, 33, 112, 117, 141, X . 

89. 112, X 

112 

7, 22,23, 51, 76 

22 



25,142 

141 

7, 23, 25, .3:3, 92, 117, 141.. 

18,55, 112 

33 



33,49,51,52,64,112 

52,69 

124 

52,64, 112 

7, -69 

23, 25, 89, 112, X 

23, 2,5, 33, 35, 51, 64, 69, 112, 
114, 118, 123, X. 



Total production, 1920. 



Quantity. Value 



Pound ■'f. 
112, 942, 227 



348, 849 
"38,' 2^ 

701, 722 



74, 182 
585, 6iS 
186, 793 
116,624 

96, 573 
120, 874 



30, 678 
132,637 
211,, 580 



83, 334 



142, 567 



170, 658 

'i," 285,' 062 



192,914 



217,406 
'629,' 437 



14,684 
1,850,341 



8112, 731, 547 



520, 538 
""'72,' 063' 

1,302,646 



10.3, 476 
,509, 799 
148, 421 
140,630 
100, 158 
147, 199 



50,724 
2:36, 584 
134,021 



71, 294 



215, 976 



243, 667 
'i,"624,'446 



168,053 



202,873 
'i,'63i,'223 



76,026 
1,142,245 



PEODUCTION IN 1920. 51 

Table 13. — Production of finished coal-tar -products during 1920 — Continued. 



Common name. 



Manufacturers' identifi 
cation Nos., p. 116. 



Total production, 1920. 



Quantity. Value. 



Average 
price 

per 
pound. 



Azo DYES— continued. 
Mnnazo dyes— Continued. 



Orange R 

Permanent Red 4 B 

Lake Red C 

Palatine Chrome Brown . 
Acid AiizarJii Garnet R.. 
Palatine Chrome Violet. . 

Diamond Black PV 

Acid Ahzarin Black R. . . 

Fast Brown N 

Fast Red A 



Az<f Rubine. 



Fast Rod VR 

Fast RedE 

Crocoine Scarlet 3 BX . 
Amaranth 



Cochineal Red 

Lithol Red R 

Double Brilliant Scarlet . . . 

Mordant Yellow 

Eiiochrome Blue Black B . 
SaUcinc Black \j , 



Eriochrome Black T 

Eriochrome Black A 

SulTjhon Acid Blue R — 
Sulphon Acid Blue B — 

Benzo Brown 5 R 

Stanley Red 

Thiazihe Red R 

Rosophcnine SG 

Titan Red 

Thiazine Red G 

Mimosa C 

Cotton YeUow R 

Lake Red D 

Palatine Chrome Red B . 
All other monoazo dyes.. 



Total monoazo dyes . 
Disazo dyes. 



Leather Brown 

Resorcin Brown 

Fast Brown 

Agalnia Black 10 B. 



Pounds. 



69 

33 

Z3',''^','i65'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.. 

22 

22,112 

22,112 

112 

22 

64 

7, 22, 23, 25, 33, 51, 69, 92, 

112, 123, 141, X. 
7, 25, 33, 51, 59, 64, 92, 112, 

117. 

59, 112 

7 

33 

23, 25, 33, 51, 67, 89, 92, 112, 

117, 141, 163, X. 

25, 33, 51,92, 112, 141 

33,141, X 

33 

7,33 

22, 64, 114 

7, 22, 25, 33, 51, 52, 59, 64, 

92, 112, 114, 117, 141, X. 

22 

22 

7,'59,'uyn2.'.'.'.'.'.'.'..'. 

112 

33, 59, 127 

127 

33, 117 

.33,55,59,127 

33 

59,64,127 

IS, 127 

127 

158 

112,141, 158 

7, 8, 22, 23, 30, 33, 35, 38, 67, 

69, 76, 89, 92, 112, 117, 

124, 141, X. 



433,989 
470,949 



S452, 698 
673,305 



204,958 
288,945 



431,564 
363,766 



29, 255 
1,074,248 



37,231 

1,182,698 



454, 185 



2,987 



886, .588 
"5,622 



19,639 
'is,' 988 



47,631 

'si.'isg 



67,817 
93.3,717 



135, 142 
1,409,245 



11,916,939 



14,671,649 



Sudan III 

Cloth Red G 

BrilUant Croceine 

Azo Acid Violet 

SudanlV 

Cloth Red B 

Crocx>iiie3 B 

Wool Red 

Neutral Gray Ci 

Cloth Scarlet G 

ScailetEC 

Sulphoncyanine 

Buffalo Black 10 B 

Fast Sulphon Black F. 
Sulphoncyanine Black. 
Naphthvl'amine Black. 

Naphthbl Black 

Diamond Black 

Bismark Brown 



141 

7,112 

7,112 

7,8,14,22,25,33,38,51,64, 
76, 84, 92, 112, 117, 123, 
X. 

2.5,33 

33 



2,608,864 



3,377,007 



25, 33, 112, 141. 

30 

33,35,69 

33 



129, 124 



33 

112 

117 

52,69 

52,112 

51,64,112. 

33,112 

22 



Bismark Brown 2 R. 
Paper Yellow 



112 

7,33 

117 

112 

14, 25, 33, 35, 51, 55, 64, i 

112, X, X. 
2.5,51,52,04,69,84, 112. 
51, 112, 117, X 



484.929 
91,21s 



441,567 
109,262 



62 CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 

Table 13. — Production of finished coal-tar products during 1920 — Continued. 



Schultz 


Common name. 


Manufacturers' identifi- 
cation Nos., p. 116. 


Total production, 1920. 


Average 
price 


No. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


per 
pound. 


304 


Azo DYES— continued. 

Disazo dj/es— Continued. 

Chrysophenine G 


33, 51, 55, 117 


Pounds. 

247, 202 
1,502,630 


$694,392 
1,296,529 


$2 81 


307 


Congo Red 


33,43, 112, 117, 123 


.86 


311 


Orange TA 


33,112 




312 


Congo Corinth G 


7,25,33,112,117.. .. 


242, 503 


443, 166 


1 83 


320 


Bordeaux 


7,33 




322 


Trisulphon Violet B 


33,112,117 








323 


Dianil Blue R 


127 1 






327 
333 
337 

340 
341 




25,30,51,92,112,117 

7,25,51,92,112,117 

7, 14, 33, 38, 43, 51, 55, 76, 
109, 112, 117, 123, 159, X. 

33, 43, 51,109, 117, X 

X,X..... ... 


92,503 
803, .501 

1,789,774 

86, 210 


274,536 
1,998,913 
1,576,259 

92,282 


2 97 


Oxamine Black BHN 


2 49 


Benzo Blue 2 B 


88 




1 07 


Crumpsall Direct Fast Red R.. 




342 
343 
344 
351 
355 
363 

377 
378 
382 
385 
386 
391 
392 
393 
394 
405 
410 
415 
419 
424 


33,38, 84, 112, X,X 

25, 51 92 112 117 


49,342 
115,865 
257, 872 


53,044 
299,666 
513,847 


1 08 


Diamine Fast Red F 


2 59 




7,25,51,92,112,117 

43,112 


1 99 


Cresotine Yellow 






117 










7, 14, 25, 33, 51, 76, 92, 109, 

112, 117, X. 
35 


617,629 


904,060 


1 46 






Trisulphon Blue R 


35 117 










112 










112 








Benzo Blue BX 


33 112 117 


90, 147 
136,891 


125,473 
228,464 


1.39 




7, 14, 25, 33, 92, 112' 117.'. . . 
112 


1.67 


Toluylene Orange G 






35. 










14 










51 112,117 


41,265 
237,328 


101,869 
469,965 


2.47 




51 112,117 


1.98 


Dianil Blue G 


117 




Chicago Blue RW 


117 








Chicago Blue 6 B 


51,117 










7,51,76,112,117,159 

22, 33, 55,69, 112, 117, X... 


223, 100 
448,985 


541,200 
769,807 


2.43 






1 71 










12,904,127 


18,763,839 


1.45 




Trisazodyes. 


51,112 




436 
441 
462 

463 
464 
469 
470 
474 

475 
476 








Diazo Blue Black RS 


112,117 








Direct Deep Black E W 

Erie Direct Black RX 


7,8,13,22,33,38,43,51,84, 

109,112, 117, 123, X. 
43 51 112 117 


7,736,994 
2,050,741 


7,937,620 
2,024,780 


1.03 
.99 




8, 112,X 




Chlorainine Black N 


117 










117 










7, 8, 30, 33, 51, 76, 109, 112, 

117, X. 
14 33 43, X. 


420, 138 

53,292 
623,757 
229, 489 
211,758 


632,361 

63,724 
998,638 
362, 534 
423,517 


1.51 




1.20 


Benzamine Brown 3 GO. ...'.. . 


2,8,33,112,117 


1.60 


477 


7 112 117 127 


1.58 




14, 33, 43, 76, 84, 112, 117, 
X, X. 


2.00 










11,057,462 


12,990,376 


1.11 




Tctrakisazodyes. 


14 25 43, 51, 84.. . . 




485 
487 


109,648 


152,427 


1.39 




55 






22, 35, 51, 64, 127, X 


304,413 


399,408 


1.31 










36,897,003 


46,984,135 1.27 




DIPHENYLMETHANE DYES. 


35 51 . . 










495 
499 


TRIPHENYLM ETHANE DYES. 

Mala,ehitc Green 


38,49,94, 102, 112, 169 

94 102 


654,237 


2,170,580 3.32 


502 


Guinea Green 


30,112 







PRODUCTION IN 1920. 



53 



Table 13. — Production of finished coal-tar products during 1920 — Continued. 


Schultz 


Common name. 


Manufacturers' identifi- 
cation Nos., p. no. 


Total production, 1920. 


Average 
price 


No. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


per 
pound. 


503 


TRIPHENYLMETHANE— COntd. 

Brilliant Milling Green B 


112 


Pounds. 






505 


89, 163 








506 




112 








511 




130 








512 
513 


Magenta (or P'uchsine) 

New Fuchsine 


14,33,49,51,69,80,112,130, 

141, 154, X, X. 
112,146 


284,285 


$1,328,646 


$4.67 


515 


Methyl Violet 


25, 33, 49,69, 75, 112, 118, 

154, X. 
22 51 


600, 873 


1,436,182 


2.39 


516 


Crystal Violet 




521 


Aniline Blue 


33 141, X 








524 


Acid Fuchsine 


80. 








527 


Acid Violet 4 B.. . ' 


30 








528 


Fast Acid Violet 10 B 


30, 51, 117 








630 




30,59,112 


144, 207 


749,470 


6.20 


531 




112 




536 


Alkali Blue 


33, 49, 69, 80, 112, 118, 130, 

141, 164, X. 
80 


74,253 


437, 895 


6.90 


637 


Methyl Blue For Silk 




639 


Soluble Blue... . 


49 69, 80, 118 


98, 770 
60, 190 


468,295 
154,288 


4.74 




All other triphenylmethane 
dyes. 

Total triphenylmethane 
dyes. 

DIPHENTL- NAPHTHYL-METHANE 
DYES. 


22 30,33,112 


2.56 










2, 482, 169 


10,130,336 


4.08 




22,51 




659 








665 


Acid Blue B 


146 








666 


Wool Green S 


7,22,61,69,64,114 


212, 362 


1, 060, 269 


4.99 




Total diphenyl-naph- 
thyl-methane dyes. 

XANTHONE DYES. 






383,383 


1, 941, 724 


5 06 





37,51 




573 








582 




94 








687 




51,69, 118, X 


85,489 


358,280 


4.19 


589 


Eosine SP 


51 




590 


Eosine BN 


94 








592 




23, 51, 69, 89, 118, X 

61 


6,874 


66,093 


8.16 


593 


PhloxineP 




595 




51 








699 




158 








600 




1,5S 










All other xanthone dyes 

Total xanthone dyes. . . 


US 




















215,044 


1,156,639 


5.38 




ACRIDINE DYES. 


49,09 




606 












112 








615 


THIOBENZENYL DYES. 

Tliioflavine S . . 


127 








616 


Primuline 


18,51,59, 112, 127,169, X.. 
18,59,112,117,127,169.... 
127 


183, 179 
100, 248 


291,980 
237, 076 


1.59 


617 




2.36 




All other thiobeuzenyl dyes. . . . 

INDOPHENOL DYES. 






14,92 








619 








622 


OXAZINE AND THIAZINE DYES. 

DelphineBlueB 


8,38, 112, 114 


76, 719 
70, 169 


237, 719 
214, 506 


3.10 


626 


Gallocvaiiiiie 


7, 8, 2:J, 38 


3.06 


631 




112 




649 




92, 112 








659 


Methylene Blue 


23, 25, 38, 51, 89, 99, 112, 133, 

164, 169, X, X. 
64. 


577, 264 


1,695,381 


2.94 


667 


BrilUant Alizarine Blue 

All other oxazine and thiazine 
dyes. 

Total oxazine and thia- 
zine dyes. 






X 




















786, 720 


2, 330, 140 


2.96 









54 CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAE CHEMICALS. 

Table 13. — Production of finished coal-tar products during 1920 — (Continued. 



Schultz 


Common name. 


Manufacturers' identifi- 
cation Nos.,p. 116. 


Total production, 1920. 


Average, 
price 


No. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


per 
pound. 


&72 


AziNE dtt:s. 
Azo Carmine 


51 


Pounds. 






679 


Safraiiin© 


27, 75, 112, 1.33, X 


149, 629 
31,620 


8.580,116 
77,373 


83.88 


681 




23,33,35, 117, X 


2.45 


683 


Saf''anine MN 


112 




697 
69S 
697 


bidiiline (spirit soluble) 

Nigrosine (sx)irit soluble) 

knduline Nigrosiue Base B — : 

Induline (soluble in water) 

Nigrosine (soluble in water) . . . 

.StTLPHXJR DYES. 

Sulphur Black 


18, 25, .33, 35, 64, 69 

18, 23, 25, 35, 64, 69, 112, 114. 

112 


140,400 
919, 242 


170, 581 
81.3, 079 


1.21 

.88 


698 
699 


18,64,69,112 


168, 018 
2,743,021 


173, 622 
1,967,953 


1.03 


700 


18,23,64,69,112, 114 

14, 3.% 35, 51, 64, 73, 92, 

112, 115, 169, 170, X. 
14, 17, 38, 45, 51, 75, 92, 


.72 


720 


16,305,037 
1,514,811 
1,269,731 

177, 927 

133,407 

129, 582 

95,038 

408, 967 


4,156,241 

1,484,731 

441, 877 

242,674 

216, 220 

.58, 5!9 

44, 873 

291,538 


.25 




Sulphiu- Blue 


.98 






112, 117. 
33, 35, 38, 39, 51, 55, 64, 75, 

92,112, ll.n, 1-56, X,X,X. 
33, 35, 38, 39, 51, 64, 75, 92, 

112, 117. 
38, 51, 55 


.35 






1.36 






1.62 




Sulphur Ohvp 


38, 64, X 


.45 




Sulphur Taji 


3.3, 38, 64, X 


.47 




Sulphur Yellow . . . 


14, 35, 38, 51, 64, 112, 115, X . 


.71 




Total .sulphur dyes 






20,034,500 


6,936,7(B 


.35 




ANTHR.1QU1N0NE PYES. 

Hvdron Blue R 


51,112 




748 








763 


Ihdanthrene Dark Blue BO . . . 
Indanthrene G reen B 


51,117 








765 


51,117 








767 


Indanthreno Violet ER 


51 








768 


51 








778 


Alizarin 


17,112 








779 


Ahzarin Orange 


112 








782 


Alizarin Brown ^ . 

Alizarin RX . 


38, 51,158, 171 


42, 840 


72,001 


1,68 


784 


112 




789 


Anthracene Blue WR 


17,112 








817 


Algol Yellow R . ... 


84. 








838 


Jndantlirene Blue RS .... 


117 








842 


Indanthrene Blue GCD 

Indanthrene Yellow 

iVlizarin Saphirol B 


.51,117 








849 


51,117 








858 


112... 








865 












867 


Indan threne IRrown B 


117 










All other anthraqiiinone dyes. . 

mDlGO AJifD ITS DERIVATIVES. 

Indigo, Synthetic 

ludigotine and Indigo extract. . 
i 
! Brom Indigos 


112 










60,51,112 








874 


18.178,231 
1,395,000 


13,497,981 
1, 401, 478 


.74 


877 
879 
880 


7,15,23,51,89,97, 112,154. 
50. . . 


1.00 


883 
922 


ANILINE BLACK GROUP. 


33. 








923 


Ur-sol 


51,61, 154 


168, 459 


3-58,066 


2.13 




PHOTOCHEMICAL DYES. 

Eastman Yellow 


5-t 






MetbvlRed 


54 










Orange 11. . . . 


54. 










Orthochrome T bromide 

Pinacvanol Chloride. 


54. 










54 












5-1 










Sodimn salt p-dimethylamino- 
azo-bouzene-p-c a r b o x y 1 i c 
acid. 

Sodium p-nitrobenaeneazo sali- 
cylate. 

Sodium p-phenolazobenzene 
sulfonate. 

Bacteriological stains 


54 










51. 










54. 










9 .... 










Untlassilie<l dyes oi unknown 
composition. 

Total dyes 


171, X 




















88,263,776 


95, 613, 749 


1.08 











PRODUCTION IN 1920. 55 

Table 13. — Production of finished coal-tar -products during 1920 — Continued. 



Common name. 



Manufacturers' identifi- 
cation Nos., p. 116. 



Total production, 1920. 



Quantity. 



^^alue 



Average 

T>rice 

per 

pound. 



COLOR LAKES. 



Black lakes. 
Blue lakes . . 



Brown lakes. 
Eosine lakes. 



Green lakes. 



Lithol red. 



Maroon lakes 



Oranee lakes . 



Para red. 



Paranitraniline toner. 

Purple 

Red lakes 



Scarlet lakes. 



Tolui dine lakes. 
Violet lakes 



Yellow lakes. 



All other lakes 

Total color lakes 



7, 38, 70, X 

11, 20, 31, 38, 48, .51, 53, 56, 
70, 82, 88, 93. 103, 138, 
142, 143, 144, 148. 157, 158, 
168, X, X, X, X, X, X, 

X, X, x,x. 

88, 142, 143, X, X 

11, 20. 31, 48, 51, 53, 56,70, 
82, 88, -93, 95, 103, 138, 

141, 142, 143, 144, 148, 
157, 168, X, X, X, X, X, 
X, X, X, X, X. 

11, 20, 31, 48, 51, 53, 70, 82, 
88, 93, 103, 142, 14'?, 144, 
148, 16S, X, X, X. X, X, 
X X X X X 

11, 20, 48, 56^70, 82, 88, 93, 
95, 103, 138, 141, 142. 143, 
148, 157, 158. 168, X, X, 
X, X, X, X, X, X. 

5, 11, 20, 31, 48. 51, 53, 70, 82, 
88, 90, 93, 103, 141, 142, 
143, 148, 157, 168, X. X, 
X X X X 

1], 20, 31, .53, 95, 103, 138, 

142, 158, X, X, X, X, X, 
X, X. 

95, 103, 165, 168, X, X, X, 

X, X. 

105, X 

158, 168 

5, 11, 20, 31, 48, 51, 53, 56, 

70, 82, 88, 90, 93, 103, 138, 

141, 142, 143, 144, 148, 157. 

158, X, X, X, X, X. X, 

X, X, X. x,x, x,x. 

5, 11, 20, 48, 51, 53, 56, 70, 
82, 88, 90, 93, 103, 138, 
141,142,144,1.57,165,168, 
X, X, X, X, X, X, X, 
X. X, X, X. 

XXX 

11^ 20' 31,'48,'53,'56V76,"82",' 
88, 93, 95, 103, 138, 142, 

143, 14-4, 148, 157, X,X, 
X,X, X, X,X,X, X,X. 

11, 31, 48, 51, 56, 70, 75, 82, 
88, 93, 103, 141, 142, 143, 

144, 148, 157, X, X, X, 
X, X, X, X, X, X. 

X 



Pounds. 
382, 277 
645, 647 



113,630 
606,618 



431, 970 



740, 765 

339, 275 
970, 589 



$.52, 140 
457, 570 



10,688 
585, 13;} 



486, 427 

316, 122 

120, ia3 
269, 922 



4, 410, 797 



783,011 



2, 069, 067 



318,283 



336,969 



536, 122 



459, 735 



10, 983, 538 



5, 871, 820 



PHOTO GR.\PHTC CHEMICALS. 



p-Aminophcnol sulphate 

Diaminophenol hydrochloride. 
Hydroquinoue 

Methyl p-amidophenol sul- 
phate (metol). 
Methyl o-aniinophenol (ortol). 



23 

124 

106," 112, '136," iii,' 'x. 

54, 136, 145, X 



411,019 

28, 831 



807, 345 
202,917 



54. 



Totalphotographic chem- 
icals. 

MEDICINALS. 

Acetamiihisalol 

AcetauiUde, (J. S. P 

Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin).. 

Acriflavine 

Ammonium Ixtnzoate 

Amnioniiun salicylate 

Anesthesine 1 

Arsphcnamine 

Benzyl alcohol 

Benzyl benzoate 



440, 759 



1, 015, 848 



128 

4, 89, 100, 106, 110, X,X. 
4, 4-1, 50, 71, 110, 125, X. 

1, 72, 161 

110.. 

71 



1, 2,55. 140 
1,708,436 



031, 040 
1, 472, 493 



1,23 

47, lai, 108 

161 

1,9,32,57,65,161. 



605 



380, 136 



36,164 



98, 080 



56 CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 

Table 13. — Production of finished coal-tar products during 1920 — Continued. 



Common name. 



MEDiciNALs — Continued. 



Benzyl valerate 

Bismuth betauaphthol 

Bismuth tribrom phenol 

Chloramine T 

Cinchophen 

Cinnamic acid 

Creosote carbonate 

Creosote refined 

Dibrom oxy mercury fluores- 
cein and sodium salt of. 

Dichloramine T 

D ihydro.K yquinoiine sulphate . . 

Disiufectaut 

Guaiacol benzoate 

Guaiacol carbonate U.S. P 

Guaiacol crystals 

Guaiacol liquid 

Halozone 

Lithium benzoate 

Magnesium salicylate 

Mercuric benzoate 

Mesotan 

Methylsahc3date 

Methylene Blue 

b-Naphthol benzoate 

Neoarsphenamine 

Novaspirin 

Phenolsulfonates (calcium, so- 
dium, zinc, etc.). 

Phenolsulfonephthalein 

Phenylcinchoninie acid (ato- 
phan). 

Phloroglucinol C. P 

Procaine 

Proflavine 

Salol 

Salophen 

Sodium salicylate 

Strontium saUcylate 

Tolysin (p-Methyl phenyl cin- 
choninic acid ethyl ether). 



Total medicinals. 



FLAVORS. 



Benzyl acetate 

Benzyl cinnamate 

Cinnamyl propiojiate 

Coumarin (synthetic) 

Ethyl benzoate 

Ethyl cinnamate 

Ethyl salicylate 

Methy) t)enzoate 

Methyl cinnamate 

Methyl phthalatc 

Methyl salicylate (see Medici- 
nals). 

Saccharin 

o-Toiuene sulfamide 

VaniUdine 



Total ilavors. 



PERFUME MATERIALS. 



Acetophenonc 

Amyl salicylate 

Aubepine (aiusic aldehyde) . 

Benzyl acetate 

Benzyl benzoate 

Benzyl butyratc 

Benzyl formate 

Benzyl propionate 

Benzyi' valerate 

Benzyl idine acetone 

Bromo stvrol 



Manufacturers' identifi- 
cation Nos., p. 116. 



161 

106, X 

57,100,106. 

23,110 

1,23 

23 



23,51,128. 

117 

81 



110. 
21.. 
X.. 



140.... 

51 

51,117. 
117.... 
23,110. 
34, 140- 

71 

140.... 
X. 



32, 50, 71,106, 149, X,X. 

89,99 

23,57,106 

47,108 

74 

1,101,106,X 



81. 



1,23,108 

1,72 

71,106,110,125. 
X. 



50, 57, 71, 106, 110, 125, X. 

71 

23 



161 

149, 161 . 

161 

34. 



34,57,89,140,149, 161, X,X 

57,89, 149, 161, X 

57,149,X,X 

•34 

.32,57,89, 149, X 

X 



23, 71, 136, X, X. 

58 

161 



89, 149, 161, X 

57,71, 149, 161, X 

58, 149, 161, X 

57,65,89, 149, 161,X, X 
57, 89, 149, 161, X, X . . , 



149. 
,57.. 



32, 
32,, 

57 

149 

32, 57, 89, 149, 161. 



Total production, 1920. 



Quantity. Value 



Pounds. 



603, 759 



181,516 



281, 279 



450, 764 



5, 184, 989 



3,468 
512 
177 



951 



137, 315 



166, 884 



742 
14, 9X2 
2,917 
33, 764 
11,307 



$432, 423 



79, 956 



251, 146 



242, 104 



5, 726, 776 



6, 656 

3,327 

335 



6,856 



527, 493 



5, 160 
30, 585 
13, 053 
56, 781 
3.5, 910 



11,218 



Average 

price 

per 

pound. 



PRODUCTION IN 1920. 57 

Table 13. — Production of finish ei coal-tar producls during 1920 — Continued. 



Schultz 
No. 



Common name. 



PEEFUM?; MATERIALS — COntd. 



Butylphenj'l acetate 

Cinnanuc aldehyde 

Dieihyl phthalate 

Dimethyl arithranilate 

Dipheuylmethane 

Dinhcnyl oxide 

Ethyl anthranilate , 

Ethyl benzoar.e 

Ethylphenyl acetate 

Ethyl phttialate , 

Isob'iitylphenyl acetate 

Isobutyl salicylate 

Meihyl aeeto'ihenone 

Methyl anthranilate 

Methyl benzoate 

p-Mcthylbcnzyl acetate 

Methyl cinnamate 

Methyl guaiacol 

Methyl indol 

Methylphenyl acetate 

Methyiparacresol 

b-Nabhthol ethvi ether (nero- 

lln). 
b-Naphthol methyl ether (yara 

yara). 

Phenylacetic aldehyde 

Phenylethvl acetate 

Phenyieihyl alcohol 

Pheny (propyl acetate 

Rose aldehyde 

vSalicylic aldehyde 

Styrenc 



Total perfumes. 



SYNTHETIC PHENOLIC 

RE:-'INS. 

Derived from coumarone. 

Derived f.om cresol 

Derived from phenol 



Total resins- 



YNTHETIC TANNINC 
M.VrERI.^LS. 



Barretan 

Cresotan 

Liberty extract. 
Syne.x 



Total tanning materials. 



>iaiuiracturers' identifi- 
cation Nos.. p. 116. 



57, 58, 149, Kil, X . 

57, 161 

, 161 

149,161 

X 

161 



57, S9, 149, 161, X. 
, 149, 161 



57, 161 . 



149, X. 



57, 89, 149, 161, X . 
57, 149, 161 

50,57, 149, 161 



32, 
32, 
32, 
57. 

161 

32, 57, X 
161 



16 

33, 132, X . 
36, 132, X . 



Total proiaction, 132U. 



(Quantity, i Value. 



Pounds 



1,324 
'554'" 



$7, 419 
'i,'267"' 



2,351 



2, 221 

78 

243 



58, 957 
3,026 
5,330 



99, 740 



332, 008 



1,163,967 I l,503,3iS 



4, 659, 6.S0 j 3, 410, 179 



3, 142, ,861 



233, 674 



A verage 

price 

per 

pound. 



2.29 



10.06 



26.55 
38.80 
21.93 



1.29 



.07 



58 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 



Table 14. — Comparison of production of finished coal-tar products, 1919 and 1920. 
[For detailed production in 1921), see Table 13, supra.] 



Name of dye. 



Total finished coal - tar 
products 

STILBENE DYES. 

Direct yellow 

AZO DYES. 

Butter Yellow R 

Chrysoidine Y 

Chrysoidiue R 

Sudan I 

Croceine Orange 

Fast acid f uchsiu e B 

Alizarin Yellow GG 

Alizarin Yellow R 

Ponceau 2 R 

Bordeaux B 

Metanil Yellow 

Orange II 

Fast Red A 

Azo rubine 

Amaranth 

Cochineal Red 

Salicine Black U 

Tliiazine Red G 

Palatine chrome red B 

All other monoazo dyes , 

Total mouoazo dyes , 

Disazo dyes. 

Agalma Black 10 B , 

BrilUant Croceine , 

Bismark Brown , 

Bismark Brown 2 R , 

Paper yellow 

Chrysophenine G 

Congo Red 

Congo Corinth G 

Oxaminc Black BHN 

Benzo Blue 2 B 

Bcnzo Orange R 

Clu'ysaruine G 

Diamine Fast Red F 

Diamine Brown 

Benzopurpuruie 4 B 

Benzo Blue BX 

Bcnzo Blue 3 B 

Benzaziu-Lne G .-. . . 

Benzaminc pure blue 

Total disazo dyes 

Trisazo dyes. 

Direct deep black EW 

Oxamine green B 

Oxamine green GX 

Total trisazo dyes 

Tdraldsazo dyes. 

Bcnzo Brown G 

Total azo dves 



Production, 1919. 



Quantity. 



Pounds. 
82, 532, 390 



440, 924 



31, 156 

314, 581 

220,542 

75, 868 

17, 274 

26, 699 

163, 170 

130, 424 

552, 680 

161, 862 

477, 143 

1, 133, 925 

267, 582 

187, 264 

294, 416 

231, 519 

739, 372 

11,886 

28, 081 

939, 935 



8, 881, 810 



1, 877, 860 

157, 509 

412, 574 

631, 308 

48, 723 

86, 795 

873, 734 

137, 704 

485, 016 

1, 380, 335 

42, 807 

54,279 

56, 864 

15, 9.59 

288, 021 

92, 214 

182. 916 

150', 589 

192, 350 



9, 307, 768 



7, 250, 007 
305, 854 
136, 638 



8, 829, 578 



83, 506 



27, 191, 371 



Value. 



S84, 585, 544 



47, 964 

326, 223 

246, 977 

97,286 

15, 273 

45, 222 

116,906 

110, 152 

439, 515 

146, 810 

787, 110 

717, 199 

280, 974 

267, 129 

877, 491 

305, 445 

923, .888 

14, 266 

79, 928 

1, 190, 753 



Price 

per 

pound. 



$1.02 



1.54 

1.04 

1.12 

1.28 

.88 

1.69 

.72 

.84 

..80 

.91 

1. 65 

.63 

1.05 

1.43 

2.98 

1.32 

1.25 

1.20 

2.85 

1.27 



11,560,384 1.30 



2, 757, 443 

379, 494 

417, 276 

659, 332 

ei, 711 

219, 215 

979, 285 

266, 770 

1,321,362 

1, 386, 291 

37, 820 

73, 723 

154, 789 

3.5, 067 

517, 706 

162, 745 

309, 066 

479, 460 

378, 537 



14, 401, 615 



1.47 
2.41 
1.01 
1.04 
1.27 
2.53 
1.12 
1.94 
2 72 

lioi 

.88 
1.36 
2. 72 
2," 20 
1.80 
1.76 
1.69 
3.18 
1.97 



1.55 



7, .521, 343 
565, 873 
291, 758 



10, 217, 788 



102, 536 



36, 416, 702 



1.04 
1.85 
2.14 



1.23 



1.34 



Production, 1920. 



Quantity. 



Pounds. 
112,942,227 



348, 849 



74, 182 

585, 648 

186, 793 

116, 624 

96, 573 

30, 678 

211,580 

83, 334 

1, 286, 002 

217,406 

629, 437 

1, 8.50, 341 

433, 989 

470, 949 

204, 958 

288, 945 

1, 074, 248 

13, 988 

67, 817 

933, 717 



11,916,339 



2, 608, 864 

129, 124 

514, 218 

484, 929 

91, 218 

247, 202 

1, 502, 630 

242, 503 

803,501 

1, 789, 774 

86,210 

49,342 

115, 865 

257, 872 

617, 629 

90, 147 

136, 891 

237, 328 

223, 100 



12,904,127 



7, 736, 994 

420, 138 

53, 292 



11,657,462 



109, 648 



36, 897, 003 



Value. 



■$112,731,547 



520, 538 



103, 476 
509,799 
148, 421 
140, 630 
100, 158 
50,724 
134, 021 
71,294 

1, 024, 440 
202, 873 

1, 031, 223 

1, 142, 245 
452, 698 
673, 305 
431, 584 
363, 766 

1,182,698 
31, 139 
135, 142 

1, 409, 245 



14,671,649 



3, 377, 007 
287, 654 
431,194 
441,567 
109, 262 
694, 392 

1, 296, 529 
443, 166 

1, 998, 913 

1, 576, 259 
92, 282 
53,044 
299,666 
513, 847 
904,060 
125, 473 
228, 464 
469, 965 
541, 200 



18, 763, 839 



7, 937, 620 
632, 361 
63, 724 



12, 990, 376 



152,427 



46, 984, 135 



PKODTJCnON IN 1&20. 59 

Table 14. — Comparison of production of finished coal-tar products, 1919 and 1920 — Con. 



Ntime of dve. 



TRIPHENYLMETHANE DYES. 

Malachite Orreeii 

Magenta (oi fuchsiiie) 

.\iethyl Violet. 

Alkali Bhie 

Soluble Blue 

Total triphenylmethaiie 
dyes 

XANTHOME DTE3. 

Eosine 

Total Xanthone dyes 

THIOBE.NZENTL DYES. 

Primuline 

Columbia Yellaw 

OXAZINE AND THlAZnSrE DYES. 

Delpiiine Blue B 

GallocyaniDC 

Metiiylene Blue 

Total oxaziue and tiiiaziiie 
dyes 

AZINE DTES. 

Safranine 

New Fast Gray 

Induline (spirit soluble) 

Nigrosriie (spirit soluble) 

Induline (water soluble) 

Nigrosiue (water soluble) 

SX.T.PHUR DYES. 

Sulphur Black. 

Sulphur Blue 

Snlphur Brnwii 

Sulphur Green 

Sulphur Tan 

Sulphur Yellow 

Totnl sulphur dyes 

ANTHEAQUmONE DYES. 

.•\li;'.ariQ Brown 

INDIGO AND ITS DERIVAT1\T:s. 

Indigo, synthetic , 

ludigotiiie and iudi?o extract 

COLOR L.AKES. 

Blue lakes , 

Bro vvu lakes , 

Eosine lakes 

Green lakes 

Lithol Red 

Maroou lakes 

Oranco l-.ikes 

Para Red 

Redlakes !. 

Scarlet lakes 

Violet lakes 

Yellow lakes 

Total color lakes , 



Productkm, 1919. 



Quantity. 



Pounds. 

.560, 301 

1,55, S30 

574, 43& 

77, 796 

16, 315 



1, 761, 742 



121, 303 



190, 138 



271,338 
54,077 



43,827 
3fi5, 213 
405; 992 



131,042 
28,451 
436, 201 
3i»>, )d7 
lf!0, 704 
1,660,149 



14 504,7^0 

1,622, ''62 

805, 861 

2*7,641 

81,905 

276,400 



17, 624, 418 



40, 426 



543, 201 
71,625 
524, 030 
466, 977 
5fi5, 316 
697, 699 
246,710 
484, 306 
2,101,-527 
Sf.5, 536 
259, 37H 
010, 445 



7, 569, 921 



Value. 



SI, 827, 474 

712, 086 

1, 4{B, 179 

494, 133 

90, 613 



764, 179 



1,235,526 



464, 870 
143,831 



164,184 
1, 105, 346 
1, 410, 760 



2, 754, 677 



527, 231 
48,544 

231,233 

2^5,508 
87, 494 

987, 457 



4, 141, 124 

1, 797, 469 

S'^S, 129 

279, 149 

27, 567 

228, 4-11 



6, 901, 734 



391,210 
9, SI 2 
530,804 
214, 697 
5"(l, 687 
260, 769 
92, 291 
148, 152 
986, 765 
361, 9(M 
345. 078 
238, 324 



4, 179, 964 



Price 

per 

pound. 



S3. 26 
4.59 
2.44 
6.35 
5. 55 



3.68 



6.30 



1.71 
2.66 



3.75 
3.03 
3.02 



4.02 
1.71 
.53 
.71 
.67 
.59 



.28 
1.11 



1.01 
.34 



.59 
.64 



.72 
.13 

1.01 
.46 

1.01 
.37 
.37 
.31 
.47 
.12 

1.33 
.39 



.55 



Production, 1920. 



Quantity. 



Pounds. 

654, 237 

284,285 

eoO, S73 

74, 253 

98, 770 



2, 482, 169 



85, 489 



215, 044 



183, 179 
100, 248 



76, 719 
70, 109 

577, 264 



786, 720 



149, 629 
31,620 
140, 400 
919, 242 
168, 048 
2, 743, 021 



16,305.037 
1,514; 811 
1,269.731 

177,927 

95, (138 

408, 9<i7 



£0,034. .500 



42. 840 



18, 178, 231 
1,395,0<J0 



645, 047 
113,630 

m>. 61S 

431,970 
496. 600 
740, 765 
339, 27.5 
970, .5,S9 
4,410,797 
7.83. OU 
3:36, 969 
536, 122 



10, 983. 538 



Value. 



.§2,170,580 
1, 328, 646 
1, 436, 182 

437, 895 
468,295 



10, 130, 336 



358,280 



1, 156, 639 



291, 980 
237, 076 



237, 719 

214, .506 

1, 695, 381 



2, 330, 140 



580, 116 
77,373 
170, 581 
.^.13, 079 
173, 622 
1,907.9.53 



4,156,241 
1,484,731 

212. 674 

44, b.73 

291.. 538 



!>, 936, 70.3 



72, 001 



457, 570 
10, 688 
5S.5, 133 
2lN, 89S 
486, 427 
316, 122 
120, 183 
269, 922 
2,069,067 
318, 2.83 
4.59, 7:}5 
324,845 



5,871,820 



Price 

per 

pound. 



60 CENSUS or DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 

Table 14. — Comparison of prodvxt ion of finished coal-tar products; 1919 and 1920 — Con. 



Name of dye. 



Production, 1919. 



Quantity. 



Value. 



Price 

per 

pound. 



Production,1920. 



Quantity. 



Value. 



Price 

per 

pound. 



PHOTOGRAPHIC CHEMICALS. 

Hydroquinone 

Methyl p-atnidophenol sulfate 
(metol) 

Total photographic chem- 
ical? 

MEDICINAI.S. 

Acetanilide, U. S. P 

Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) 

Methyl salicylate 

Phenolsulfonates (calcium, so- 
dium, zinc, etc.) 

Salol 

Sodium salicylate 

Total merticinals 

TLAVOKS. 

Saccharin 

Total flavors 

PERFUME MATEBIAJLS. 

Benzyl acetate 

Methyl anthranilate 

Total perfximes 

Total synthetic phenolic resins . 



Pounds. 
272, 329 



59, 024 



S552, 087 
508, 434 



S2.09 
8.46 



Pounds. 
411,019 



28, 831 



S807, 345 
202, 917 



335, 509 



1,059,340 



3.16 



440, 759 



1.015,848 



918,795 

1, 777, 105 

879, 833 

33,711 
124, 034 
301,518 



440, 066 

4, 034, 400 

332, 123 

16, 333 
112,359 
169, 508 



.48 

2.27 

.38 



1, 255. 140 

1,708,436 

603, 759 

181,516 
281, 279 
450, 764 



631,040 

1,472,493 

432, 423 

79,956 
251, 146 
242, 104 



6, 777, 988 



7, 883, 071 



1.16 



5, 184, 989 



5, 726, 776 



547, 988 



1,017,091 



1.85 



137,315 



1,318,654 



166, 884 



527, 493 



17,049 
695 



39, 137 
8,260 



2.30 
11.89 



33,764 
2,351 



56, 781 
23,665 



99, 740 



332, 008 



.75 



4.659,680 



3,410,179 



$1.96 
7.04 



2.30 



.50 
.86 
.72 

.44 
.89 
.54 



1.10 



3.05 



3.16 



1.65 
10.06 



3.32 



.73 



EMPLOYEES AND RATES OF PAY. 



Reports were made by 192 of the 213 firms manufacturing coal-tar 
products concerning the number of employees receiving specified rates 
of pay on either December 18, 1920, or on the nearest representative 
normal date for which this information could be obtained. The 
result of these reports is contained in Tables 15 and 16. 

The 21 firms not reporting, in most cases either conducted a busi- 
ness in which coal-tar products were not the primary articles of 
manufacture, or did not-have separately organized departments deal- 
ing with coal-tar products. 

One hundred and ninety-two firms reported a total of 22,187 
employees, a decrease of 2,549 in number from 1919. Chemists and 
technically trained men totaled 2,551, or 11.5 per cent of '' all employ- 
ees." In 1919 tliere were 2,605 chemists and technically trained 
men, who made up 10.5 per cent of ''all employees." In the census 
for 1919 it was pointed out that the dye and coal-tar chemical 
industry has probably a larger proportion of technically trained men 
than will be found in any otlier manufacturing industry in the United 
States. Twenty-six per cent of the chemists and technically trained 
men received $50, but under $75 per week; 20.78 per cent received 
more than $75 per week; 16.9 per cent received $40, iDut less than $45 
per week. Of the men without teclmical training, 28.34 per centj 



L_. 



PRODUCTION IN 1920. 



61 



received $30, but less than $35 per week; 19.55 per cent received 
but less than $30 per week; and 17.47 per cent received $35, but less 
than $40 per week. 

In general, wages in 1920 for both classes of men show considerable 
increases over those of 1919. Table 16 contains a comparison for the 
years 1919 and 1920 of specified rates of pay of technically trained 
men and men without technical training. Among the technically 
trained men there was an increase of about 14 per cent in each 
of the four classes receiving between $35 and $75 per week. In the 
nontechnical class there was an increase of 11 to 21 per cent in each 
of the three classes receiving between $25 and $40 per week. 



Table 15. — Employees and rates of pay in 1920. 
[Dye and Coal-Tar Chemical Industry.] 



Wages per week. 



Number of employees at each 
specified wage engaged in 
manufacturing operations. 



Chemists 
and 
techni- 
cally 
trained 
men. 



Men 
without 
technical 
training. 



All em- 
ployees. 



Percentage receiv- 
ing each speci- 
fied wage. 



Of all 

chemists 

and 

techni- 
cally 

trained 
men. 



Of all 

men 

without 

technical 

training. 



Percentage receiv- 
ing each speci- 
fied wage or more. 



Of all 

chemists 

and 

techni- 
cally 

trained 
men. 



Of all 

men 
without 
technical 
training. 



Under J510 

810, but under SI 5 
$15, but under $20 
820, but under 825 
$25, but under S30 
830, but under 835 
$o5, but under .840 
840, but under $45 
845, but under 8.tO 
850, but under $75 
$75 and over 

Total 



3 

15 

55 

72 

118 

201 

242 

431 

214 

670 

530 



30 

303 

618 

2,038 

3,837 

5,564 

3, 431 

1,813 

1,049 

907 

46 



33 

318 
673 
2,110 
3,955 
5,765 
3,673 
2,244 
1,263 
1,577 
576 



0.12 

.59 

2.15 

2.82 

4.63 

7.88 

9.49 

16.90 

8.39 

26.25 

20.78 



0.15 

1.54 

3.15 

10.38 

19.55 

28.34 

17.47 

9.23 

5.34 

4.62 

.23 



100.00 
99.88 
99.29 
97.14 
94.32 
89.69 
81.81 
72.32 
55.42 
47.03 
20.78 



2,551 



19, 636 



22, 187 



100.00 



100.00 



100.00 
99.85 
99.31 
95.16 
84.78 
65.23 
36.89 
19.42 
10.19 
4.85 
.23 



Table 16. — Comparison of employees and rates of pay, 1919 and 1920. 
[Dye and Coal-Tar Chemical Industry.] 





Percentage receiving each specified 


wage or more. 


^■jK Wages per week. 


Of all chemists and techni- 
cally trained men. 


Of all men without technical 
training. 


1 


1919 


1920 


Increased 
percent- 
age. 


1919 


1920 


Increased 
percent- 
age. 


$10, but under SI 5 


99.9 
99.7 
96.1 
89.6 
80.0 
68.0 
57.4 
40.5 
32.1 
12.7 


99.9 
99.3 
97.1 
94.3 

89.7 
SI. 8 
72.3 
55.4 
47.0 
20.8 




99.5 
97.5 
92.2 

68. rj 
+t. 1 

25. 9 
12.7 
6.1 
2.G 
.1 


99.9 
99.3 
95.2 
84.8 
65.2 
30.9 
19.4 
10.2 
4.9 
.2 


0.4 


815, but under 820 


10.4 
1.0 
4.7 
9.7 
13.8 
14.9 
14.9 
14.9 
8.1 


1.8 


$20, but under $25 


3 


$25, but under $30 


16.2 


$.iO, but under $35 


21 1 


8:J.5, but under $40 


11.0 


$40, but under $40 


6.7 


84.5, but under $50 


4.1 




2 3 


$75, and over 


.1 







1 Decrease. 



62 CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 



RESEARCH WORK. 



Of the 213 firms engaged in tlie manufecture of dyes and other 
coal-tar cliemicals, 76 had separately organized research laboratories 
for the solution of technical problems in the manufacture of their 
products and for the development or discovery of new products. 
During 1920 the net operating expenses of these laboratories, together 
with research work done in the laboratories not separately organized 
for research, was $3,806,798. This includes salaries, apparatus, and 
materials, after deducting the value of saleable products made in the 
research laboratories. The figure for 1920 shows a decrease of 
$467,449 compared with 1919. This may be accounted for in part 
by the business depression which naturally tended to curtail investi- 
gational work. This figure is doubtless an understatement of the 
real cost of experimental v/ork, since it does not include, in all cases, 
the cost of research done as a part of manufacturing operations and 
not sho'WTi on the books of the companies as a charge against research. 

The total reported cost of research in the coal-tar dye and chemi- 
cal industry for the four years 1917-1920, was $15,126,739. With 
the exception of the year 1917, this is net, and does not include 
the value of saleable products made in experimental departments. 
In probably no other chemical field has there been so extensive and 
energetic investigation carried out as in the manufacture of dyes. 
The achievements of the last three years must be attributed in no 
small part to the activity and liberal policy of the manufacturers in 
this field. Extended research is necessary for the development of a 
self-sustaining and competitive dye industry, and should be con- 
tinued for the future welfare of the domestic industry. 



PART III 

DYES IMPORTED FOR CONSUMPTION IN THE UNITED 
STATES, 1920 CALENDAR YEAR 



63 



PART in. 

DYES IMPORTED FOR CONSUMPTION IN THE UNITED STATES, 
1920, CALENDAR YEAR. 



Introductory. 

Section 501 of Title V of the act of September 8, 1916, makes the 
specific duties on dyes and other finished coal-tar products after 
September 8, 1921, dependent upon whether as much as 60 per 
cent in value of the consumption of these products is being produced 
in the United States. Unfortunately, however, the provisions are 
not clear as to whether the domestic consumption is to be considered 
as the total consumption of each class of finished products or the 
consumption of individual items within the class. In either case 
there has been a lack of detailed information as to the importation 
of individual dyes, and therefore a census of imports was undertaken 
by the Tariff Commission. 

With the cooperation of the Treasury Department all invoices 
covering dye imports in the calendar year 1920, with the exception 
of those of the port of New York, were sent to the Commission for 
tabulation. The statistics of dyes imported through the port of 
New York were obtained by transcribing the necessary information 
direct from the invoices in the files of the Collector of the port of 
New York. In order to include only the dyes imported for domestic 
consumption and not those which were later exported, only the 
withdrawals for consumption from warehouse entries were included 
in the following tables. These withdrawals for consumption during 
the calendar year 1920 were transcribed from entries made as far 
back as January 1, 1919, as it was believed that withdrawals during 
1920 from entries made previous to that date were negligible. 

The dyes imported were classified according to their chemical 
composition and tabulated according to the Schultz and Julius 
Tables (1914 edition). Various dyes were also identified according 
to Norton^ as well, and from other sources of information in the files 
of the Tariff Commission. Dyes identified by Norton as a, b, c- 
classes under a given Schultz number were included in that number 
in each case without special designation, although it is understood 
that such dyes are not always chemically identical with the original 
Schultz types. 

The Tariff' Commission can not vouch for the accuracy of these 
classifications, as some identifications were supplied by dye experts 
and others by foreign manufacturers, and there was no opportunity 
to examine samples of the imports. Those dyes which could not be 
identified by Schultz numbers were classified according to their 
method of application as follows: acid, basic, direct, lake and spirit 
soluble, mordant and chrome, sulphur, and vat dyes (including 

• Norton, Thomas H.: "Artificial Dyestuffs Used in the United States," Department of Commerce, 
Sp. Agts. Scries No. 121. 

5.5558-°— 21— Xo. 23 5 65 



66 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 



indigo). A small number of colors not classified either, by Schultz 
tables or by method of application are listed by name under the head- 
ing "unidentified and unclassified colors," as the trade or chemical 
name for the dyes was not given in the invoices. 

The published values of English dyes include c. i. f. charges, with 
the exception of a small charge for packing. In the case of Swiss 
dyes, however, all extra charges are included in every instance. 
The German invoices varied in the methods used, but in most cases 
the extra charges are not included in the invoice values. 

The rate of exchange used in converting the foreign invoice value 
to United States currency was either the rate given on the invoice 
or the exchange value published by the Treasury Department for 
that quarter in which the date of consular certification occurred. 

Summary of Imports of Dyes During 1920. 

Table 18 shows the quantity and value of each individual dye 
imported during the calendar year 1920. The total importation of 
ail coal-tar dyes during 1920 was 3,402,582 pounds valued at 
$5,763,437, a decrease of about 99,000 pounds from the imports during 
the fiscal year 1920. This same table also shows the percentage of 
the quantity of each dye according to the country from which it was 
imported. Of the total import of dyes during 1920, 51 per cent, or 
1,748,830 pounds originated in Germany; 34 per cent, or 1,149,474 
pounds came from Switzerland; 6 per cent, or 211,936 pounds, were 
imported from England, and about 9 per cent, or 292,342 pounds, 
came from all other countries, which include Holland, Sweden, Italy, 
Canada, Japan, and South America. This latter class of 9 per cent 
undoubtedly represents colors reexported in many cases from the 
countries named. 



Table 17, 



-Summary of dyes imported for consumption in- the United States during the 
calendar year 1920, classified by application. 



Class. 


Total 
pounds. 


Ter cent. 


Vats: 

(a) Indigo 


171,101 
761, 3t« 


5.04 


(/>) Vatsi (othft'" tlian indigo), 


22.37 








Total 


932, 404 


27.41 








Aoid . ... 


733, 405 


21.55 








Mordants and chromes: 

(o) Alizarin 


73,252 
&6, 230 


2.16 


(6) Mordants and chromes 


18.71 








Total 


709, 482 


20.87 








Direct 


571,581 

229, 140 

192, 163 

17,527 

16, 820 


16.80 


Sulphur 


6.73 


Basic 


6.64 


Spirit soluble aud color lakes . 


.51 


Unidentified, uiiclassificd - - - 


.49 








Total 


3,402,582 


100.00 







In Table 17 imports of individual dyes have been classified accord- 
ing to application. The *'vat dyes other than indigo" constituted 
the largest class imported during 1920, and accounted for 761,363 
pounds, or 22.37 per cent of the total import. The acid dyes ranked 



DYES IMPORTED IN 1920. 67 

next in importance, with an import of about 733,405 pounds, or 21.55 
per cent of the total. The importation of mordant and chrome dyes 
was only slightly less than the acid dyes, and amounted to 709,482 
pounds, or 20.87" per cent of the total import. Importation of direct 
dyes amounted to 571,581 pounds, which was 16.80 per cent of the 
total. The im.ports of the other classes include sulphur dyes, 229,140 
pounds, or 6.73 per cent of the total; basic dyes, 192,163 pounds, or 
5.64 per cent; indigo, 171,101 pounds, or 5.04 per cent; and spirit 
soluble and color lake dyes, 17,527 pounds, or 0.51 per cent of the 
total import. 

In the class of '' vat dyes other than indigo^' the most important 
was Indanthrene Blue GCD, which amounted to 147,620 pounds, or 
19.4 per cent of the total of this class. The dyes of next importance 
in this group were Indanthrene Violet BB and KR, totaling 124,947 
pounds, and Indanthrene Yellow G and R, totaling 75,665 pounds. 
Other important dyes imported in substantial quantities in this class 
were Ciba Blue 2B, 35,857 pounds; Indanthrene Golden Orange AR, 
35,338 pounds ; Helindone Pink, 27,162 pounds; Ciba Scarlet, 25,578 
pounds; Hydron Blue, 19,210 pounds; Ciba Violet B, 18,287 pounds; 
Helindone Violet, 16,882 pounds; and Indanthrene Blue RS, 16,385 
pounds. 

In the group of mordant and chrome dyes, the most important dye 
was Anthracene Blue WR, imports of which amounted to 103,913 
pounds, or 16.3 per cent of the total of this group. The dye of next 
importance in this class was Alizarin, imports or which were 73/252 
pounds, or 11.5 per cent of the total. Other important dyes in this 
group imported during 1920 included Alizarin Blue S, 43,679 pounds; 
Acid Alizarin Black SE, 34,302 pounds; Alizarin Direct Green G, 
31.851 pounds; Delphine Blue B, 29,643 pounds, and Alizarin Blue 
Black, 28,802 pounds. 

Of the acid dyes imported during 1920, Wool Green S accounted 
for 127,764 pounds, or about 17.4 per cent of the total. The two 
dyes — Patent Blue and Patent Blue A—accounted for 81,221 pounds, 
or about 11 per cent of the total imports of this group. The dye of 
next importance in this class was Xylene Light Yellow 2 G & R, 
which amounted to 77,782 pounds. Other important dyes included 
in this group were Tartrazine, 47,877 pounds; Quinoline Yellow, 
34,440 pounds; Xylene Blue VS, 27,254 pounds, and Acid Violet 
4BN, 23,335 pounds. 

In the class of imported direct dyes the most important were 
Zambesi Black, 41,670 pounds; Trisulfon Brown B and MB, 38,616 
pounds; Trisulfon Brown GG, 38,411 pounds. The dyes of next 
importance in this group were Pyrazol Orange G, Benzo Fast Scarlets, 
Chloramine Brilliant Red 8B, and Heligoland Black. The import of 
each amounted to about 24,000 pounds, or 4 per cent of the total. 

The most important sulphur dyes imported during 1920 were the 
Thionol Browns, which amounted to 52,135 pounds, or 22.7 per cent 
of the total. The sulphur dyes of next importance imported include 
Thionol Yellow, 36,056 pounds; and Thionol BriUiant Green, 26,806 
pounds. 

In the group of basic dyes, Auramine accounted for 74.414 pounds, 
or 38.7 per cent of the total import of this group. Rhodamine B, 
with an import of 24,709 pounds, ranked second in this group, fol- 
lowed by Phosphine, with an import of 19,529 pounds. 



68 CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 

Detailed Imports of Dyes During 1920. 

Symbols denoting manufacturer. — In the table of imports of dyes 
under the heading ''manufacturer" is shown a symbol for each dye, 
which refers to the following list of manufacturers in foreign countries. 

1. THE SIX LEADING GERMAN COMPANIES. 

A Actien-Gesellschaft fur Anilin-Fabrikation, Berlin. Founded 1873. 

Branches in France and Russia. 
B Badische Anilin- und Soda-Fabrik, Ludwigshafen on the Rhine. Founded 

1865. Branches in France and Russia. 
By Farbenfabriken vorm. Firedr. Bayer & Co., Leverkusen on the Rhine. 

Founded 1862. Branches in France and Russia. 
C Leopold Cassella & Co., Frankfort on the Main. Founded 1870. Branches 

in France and Russia. 
K Kalle & Co., A. G., Biebrich on the Rhine. Founded 1870. Branch in 

Russia. 
M Farbwerke vorm. Meister Lucius & Br lining, Hochst on the Main. 

Founded 1862. Branches in France and Russia. 

2. THE SEVEN SMALLER GERMAN COMPANIES. 

BK. .... .Leipziger Anilinfabrik Beyer & Kegel, Furstenberg near Leipzig. Founded 

1882. 
CG Chemikalienwerk Griesheim G. m. b. H., Griesheim on the Main. Founded 

1881. 

CJ Carl Jager G. m. b. H., Anilinfarbenfabrik, Dusseldorf. Founded 1823. 

GrE Chemische Fabrik Griesheim-Electron, Offenbach on the Main. Founded 

1842. 
L Farbwerk Muhlheim vorm. A. Leonhardt & Co., Muhlheim on the Main. 

Founded 1879. Branch in France. 
tM Chemische Fabriken vorm. Weiler ter Meer, Uerdingen on the Rhine. 

Founded 1877. 
WD Wulfing, Dahl & Co., A. G. Barmen. Founded 1842. 

3. DUTCH, BELGIAN, AND FRENCH COMPANIES. 

FA Farbwerk Ammersfoort, Ammersfoort, Netherlands. Founded 1888. 

NF Niederlandische Farben- und Chemikalienfabrik Delft, Delft, Netherlands. 

Founded 1897. Branch in Russia. 
LG Lazard Godchaux , of Brussels. (These products are probably compounded 

largely from the dyes made by A. Wiescher & Co., of Haeren, Belgium.) 
P Societe Anonyme des Matieres colorantes et produits chimiques St. Denis 

(formerly A. Poirrier), St. Denis, near Paris, France. Founded 1830. 

4. SWISS COMPANIES, ALL AT BASEL. 

DH Farbwerke vorm. L. Durand, Huguenin & Co. Founded 1871. Branches 

in Germany and France. 
G Aiiilinfarben- und Extract-Fabriken vorm. Joh. Rud. Geigy. Founded 

1764. Branches in France, Germany, and Russia. 

I Gesellschaft fur chemische Industrie. Founded 1885. Branch in France. 

S Chemische Fabrik vorm. Sandoz & Co. Founded 1887. 

o. ENGLISH COMPANIES. 

ClCo The Clayton Aniline Co. (Ltd.), Clayton, near Manchester. Founded 1876. 

CR Clauss & Co. (formerly Clauss & Ree), Clayton, near Manchester. Founded 

1890. 

CV Colne Vale Chemical Co., Milnsbridge, near Huddersfield. 

RHS Read Holliday & Sons (Ltd.), Huddersfield. Founded 1830. (Purchased 

by British Dyes (Ltd.).) 

BD British Dyes (Ltd.). Founded 1915. 

Lev Levinstein (Ltd.), Crumpsall Vale, near Manchester. Founded 1864. 

Q Importatioiis of unknown source, through dealers in colors. 



DYES IMPORTED IN 1920. 
Table 18. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1920. 



69 



Name of dye. 



Manufac- 
turer. 



Imports. 



Quan- 
tity. 



Invoice 
value. 



Countries of origin (per- 
centage of quantity). 



Total. 



Napthol Green 

Napthol Green Cone. 



Martins Yellow 

Naphthylamiue Yellow. 



Direct Yellow 

Afghan Yellow GX. 



Diphenyl Fast Yellow 

Diphenyl Chlorine Yellow FF 

Diphenyl Chlorine Yellow FF 
supra. 



Fast Light Yellow 

Erio FlavineSX 

Fast Light Yellow G 

Fast Light Yellow 2G 

Fast Light Yellow 3G 

Fast Light Yellow 3G Cone . 
Fast Light Yellow RG 



Flavazine S . 



Xylene Light Yellow 

Xylene Light Yellow 

Xylene Light Yellow 2G . 
Xylene Light Yellow R . 



Tartrazine 

Tartrazine 

.Tartrazine X 

Tartrazine XX 

Tartrazine Cone 

Tartrazine Cone. Pure. 



Pigment Fast Yellow G . 
Orange GG Powder 



Amido Naphthol Red G... 
Erio Floxine2G Cone. 
Erio Floxine 6B Cone. 



Brilliant Red R Paste 

Brilliant Lake Red Paste 

Brilliant Lake Red R Paste . 



Brilliant Orseille 

Brilliant Orseille C , 



Victoria Violet 

Victoria Violet 4BS 

Ethyl Acid Violet S4BXX . 

Azo Acid Blue 

AzoAcid Blue B 

Azo Acid BlueGB 



Lanafuchsine 

Lanafuchsine 6B . 
Lanafuchsine SB. 



Azo Corallin L 

Azo Crimson L. 



Amido Napthol 6B 

Amido Napthol Red BB . . 
Brilliant Acid Carmine 6B. 



Helio Fast Red 

Helio Fast Red RL Powder. 



G 
By 
K 
B 
By 
By 

M 



S 

By 



By 



M 
GE 



Pounds. 
3, 402, 582 



By 



100 

26 

1,404 

1,102 

9,327 



1,500 

77, 782 

47,877 



170 

100 

2,028 

1,071 

100 
2,182 

4,485 

674 

249 
1,299 

1,001 



$5, 763, 437 



14, 388. 00 



113,350.89 



62, 080. 24 



3,273.51 



2, 794. 00 

9, 152. 14 

65.34 



1, 395. 62 



Germany, 51 per cent; 
Switzerland, 34 per 
cent; England, 6 per 
cent; all others, 9 per 
cent. 

Germany, 100 per cent. 



Do. 



England, 100 per cent. 



Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 



Germany, 92 per cent; 
Switzerland, 8 per 
cent. 



Germany, 100 percent 

Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 



Germany 3 per cent; 
Switzerland, 97 per 
cent. 



Germany, 100 per cent. 

Do. 

Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 

Germany, 100 percent. 
Do. 



Germany. 9 per cent; 
Switzerland, 91 per 
cent. 

Germany, 2 per cent; 
Switzerland, 98 per 
cent. 

Germany, 100 per cent. 



Do. 
Do. 

Do. 



70 CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 

Table 18. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1920 — Continued. 



Name of dye. 



Tannin Orange 

Tannin Orange B 

Tanniii Orange E Powder . 



Acid Anthracene Brown 

Acid Anthracene Brown. 

Acid Anthracene Brown RH Ex. . 



Chrome Fast Yellow 2G 

Chrome Fast Yellow G. 



Eosamine B. 
Erica 2GN.. 



Geranine 

Geranine G 

Brilliant Geranine B . 



Erica B 

Erica B . . 
Erica BN. 



Erica G 

Erica GN. 



Diazine Black 

Lake Red P Paste. 
Orange IV 



Curciuneine 

Curcumeine GG Cone. 
Jasmine High Cone. . . 



Azo Yellow 

Azo Yellow I 

Heiianthine G . . . 
Indian Yellow G , 

Naphthol Orange 



Azo Fuchsine G 

Azo Fuchsine G 

Azo Fuchsine 4G 

Azo Fuchsine 4G ex . 



Orange R 

Orange RX. 



Lithol Rubine B 

Lithol Rubine BN Powder. 
Lithol Rubine G Powder... 



Lake Red C Paste 

Lake Red Paste... 
Lake Red Lumps. 
Lake Red Powder. 



Palatine Chrome Brown 

Palatine Chrome Brown RX. 



Acid Alizarin Garnet 

Acid Alizarin Garnet R. 



Chrome Brown RR 

Chrome Brown RVV. 



Acid Alizariji Black 

Acid Alizarin Black R 

Acid Alizarin Black R Extra. 



Azo Rubine 

Azo Ru))Uic S. 



Manufac- 
turer. 



By 
By 



By 
By 



I 

G 
C 

BK 



By 



By 



^I 

M 

GrE 



Imports. 



Quan- 
tity. 



Pounds. 
3-19 



1,400 

500 

1,600 
337 
527 

2, 393 

1,142 

701 

1,750 

608 

5, 225 



1,323 
3, 694 

20 
2,9.S3 

4,105 

815 

201 

2, 1S3 

439 



1,102 



Invoice 
value. 



S4, 404. 51 



4,87L22 



1,052.19 



Countries of origin (per- 
centage of quantity). 



Germany, 100 percent. 



«o. 



Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 

Germany, 100 per cent. 

Do. 

Do. 

Da 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 

Germany, 12 per cent. 
Switzerlaudj 88 per 
cent. 

Germany, 2 per cent 
Switzerland, 98 per 
cent. 

Germany, 100 per cent 
Do. 



Do. 
Do. 

Do. 

Do. 
Do. 



Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 

Germany, 100 per cent. 



SwiLzerland, 100 per 
cent. 



DYES IMPORTED IN 1920, 71 

Table 18. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1920 — Continued. 





Name of dye. 


Manufac- 
turer. 


Imports. 


Countries of origin (per- 
centage of quantity). 


No. 


Quan- 
tity. 


Invoice 
value. 


164 


A7.n ChroTTift "Rliie T> . 




Pounds. 

G, 290 

651 

no 
i,a53 

1,389 

20,371 
4,710 

2,624 

14,262 

2,339 

100 
11, 182 

125 
1,342 

2,484 

485 
840 

200 

225 

758. 


?4, 147. 73 


Germany, 100 per cent. 




Diamond Blue R 


By 

M 

By 

s 




Chromotrope F4B 




167 


Croceine Scarlet 3BX 


Do. 


168 


Azorubine 




Switzerland, 100 per 

cent. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 

Do. 


176 


Scarlet 2R 


187.60 


177 


Scarlet 4R ex cone. 145 per cent. . . 
Mordant vellow 


BK 




Mordant Yellow 


c 
c 




ISO 


Anthracene Yellow C Paste 

Anthracene Yellow C Powder 

Eriochrome Blue Black . 


Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 

Do. 


1S2 


Eriochrome Blue Black BC 

Brilliant Sulphon Red 









Brilliant Sulphon Red 1 OB 

Fast Sulphon \ iolet 5BS . . 


s 
s 

G 
G 






183 


Eriochrome Black T 


Do. 


184 


Eriochrome Black A 




Do. 


185 


Anthracene Chrome Black 




Germany, 100 per cent. 


191 


Anthracene Chrome Black .'iB 

Anthracene Chrome Black F 

Anthracene Chrome Black FF ex. 

Pyramine Yellow R 


c 

C 

C 


14,528.67 


Do. 




Pyramine Yellow RX 


B 




198 


Thiazol Yellow . . 


Switzerland, 64 per 




Thiazol Yellow G. Cone 


S 
BD 
G 


cent; England, 36 




Thiazol Yellow GR 


per cent. 




Mimosa Z Cone 




199 


Cotton Yellow 


Germany, 100 per cent. 




Cotton Yellow R 


B 






202 


Acid Alizarin Red 


Do. 




Acid Alizarin Red B 


M 
M 


2,465.74 






Pigment Scarlet 3B 




211 


Resorcin Brown 


Germany, 65 per cent; 




Resorcin Brown Couc. 150 per cent. 

Resorcin Brown F.. 


BK 

K 
G 

G 


Switzerland, 35 per 
cent. 




Resorcin Brown G 




212 


Acid Bro\\ni RN 


Switzerland, 109 per 


217 


Naphthol Blue Black 




cent. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 




Naphthol Blue Black OB 


BK 






220 


Buffalo Black PY 


Do. 




Wool Black G R F 


A 






221 


Anthracene Acid Brown 


Do. 


222 


Anthracene Acid Brown R 


C 




Do. 




Jauus Yellow G 


M 
C 


100 
49 

11 

84 






225 


Croceine AZ 


Do. 


227 


Cotton Scarlet . . 




Do. 




Cotton Scarlet e.x: . 


B 






229 


Azo .\cid Violet 


Do. 




Azo Acid Violet A2B 


By 






231 


Cloth Red 3B 


Do. 




Cloth Red 3B ex 


^/ 








Cloth Red 3B ex 





72 CENSUS or dyes and coal-tar chemicals. 

Table 18. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1920 — Continued. 



Name of dye. 



Janus Red B 

Janus Red B . 



Neutral Gray 

Neutral Gray G . . 
Diamine Gray G. 



>oceine Scarlet O 

Croceine Scarlet 00. 



Ponceau 6RB 

Croceine Scarlet 7B . 



Sulphoncyanine 

Sulphoncyanine G ex 

Sulphoncyanine 5R ex 

CoomasRie Navy Blue 2RNX. 



Fast Sulphon Black 

Fast Sulphon Black F. 



Naphthylamine Black 

Naphthylamino Black S. 



Acid Black 

Blue Black Solide O. 



Brilliant Black 

Brilliant Black BX. 



Biaminoc-ene Blue 

Djaminocene Blue BB. 
Diaminosene Blue NA. 
Diazanil BB 



Diaminogene 

Diaminoiiene B 

Diaminogene extra 

Diazo Indigo Blue 2RL. 
Diazo Indi?;o Blue 3RL. 
Zambesi Pure Blue 4B.. 



Diamond Black 

Chrome Fast Black. 



Diamond Green 

Diamond Green SS 

Salicine Dark Green CS. 



Benzo Fast Scarlet 

Benzo Fast Scarlet 4BS... 
Benzo Fast Scarlet 5BS... 
Benzo Fast Scarlet 6BSS. 
Benzo Fast Scarlet 8 BS. . 
Benzo Fast Scarlet 8BSN. 
Benzo Fust Scarlet IBA . . 

Benzo Fast Scarlet GS 

Direct Fast Scarlet SE 



288 Acid Ali/arin Black SE Paste. 



Milling Red 

Milling Red 4B A . 



Fast: Mordant Yellow 

Kast Mordant Yellow G 

Anthracene Yellow C 

Anthracene Yellow C Powder. 



Manufac- 
turer. 



Cotton Yellow 

Cotton Yellow G 

Cotton Yellow GI 

Cotton Yellow (il Fine I'owdcr. 

Benzo Fast Yellow 5GL 

Benzo Fa.st Yellow 4GL 

Benzo Fast Yellow R L 



K 
By" 



M 
B 
BD 



C 

C 

By 
By 

A 



By 
K 



By 
By 
By 
By 
By 
By 

K 

I 

M 

a' 



B 

B 

B 

By 
By 
By 



Imports. 



Quan- 
tity. 



Pounds . 
176 



3,472 

100 

154 

18, 327 

2,204 
1,687 
1,500 
50 
5,936 

18, 120 

2,226 
4,061 

24,153 



34, 302 
200 

887 



4,651 



Invoice 
value. 



J3, 124. 60 



10, 022. OS 



14,714.69 



29,423.47 



205. 26 



8.050.41 



Covmtries of origin (per- 
centage of quantity). 



Gerraany, 100 per cent 
Do. 

Do. 
Do. 



Germany, 3 per cent; 
England, 97 per cent. 



Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 

Germany, 100 per cent. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 

Do. 



Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 

Germany, 100 per cent. 



Germany, 96 per cent; 
Switzerland, 4 per 
cent. 



Germany, 100 per cent 
Do. 

Do. 
Do. 





DYES IMPOETED 
Table 18. — Imports of dyes during the 


IN 1920. 

caleiidar year 1920 


73 

—Continued. 


SchultE 
No. 


Name of dye. 


Manufac- 
turer. 


Imports. 


Countries of origin (per- 
centage of quantity). 


Quan- 
tity. 


Invoice 
value. 


297 
303 
30G 
313 

315 
319 

321 
322 

326 

330 

332 

333 
338 

342 
343 

346 

349 
355 
350 

358 
300 


Benzo Fast Pink 2BL 


By 
By 
B 


Pounds. 
1,226 

12G 

39G 

2,601 

75 
10,565 

60 
7,927 

732 
1,104 

3,799 

5,512 

400 

9,810 
4,040 




Germany, 100 per cent. 
Do. 


BriUiant Yellow 




PjTamine Orange 3G 




Do. 


Congorubine 




Germany, 58 per cent; 
Switzerland, 42 per 


Congorubine 7, 


BK 

G 

By 




Congorubine 


Congo Orange G 


Germany, 100 per cent. 

Germany, 37 per cent; 

Switzerland, 50 per 

cent; all other, 13 per 


Diamine Scarlet 


?14, 250. 83 


Diamine Scarlet B 


C 
C 
C 

S 

By 
C 

A 


Diamine Scarlet 3B 


Diamine Scarlet IIS 


Chloraminc Red 3B 




Benzo Scarlet 




Diamine Blue RW 




Heliotrope 2B 


Germany, 100 per cent. 
Switzerland, 100 per 


Trisul phon Violet B 




Trisiilphon Violet B.. . . 


S 
S 


254.51 


Trisulphon Violet 




O xamine Violet 


Germany ,100 per cent. 


Oxamine Violet 


B 

By 
B 


Benzo Violet R 




Benzo Violet R I. ex 




Zambesi Brown 


Do. 


Zambesi Brown G 


A 
A 
A 






Zambesi Brown 2G 




Zambesi Brown 4R 




Benzo Fast Red 


Do. 


Benzo Fast Red XBL.. 


Bv 

By 

S 






Benzo Fast Red 9BL 




Diamine Black BH Cone. . . 


Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 

Germany, 100 per cent. 


Naphthamine Blue 




Naphthamiue Blue 2B 


K 

K 




Naphthamine Blue 3B 




Chrysamine 


Switzerland, 100 per 


Chrysamine K 


S 


7,295.11 


Diamine Fast Red 


Germany 32 per cent; 
Switzerland, 68 per 


Diamine Fast Red 8BL 


C 

s 

G 

s 


Dirett Fast Red F 


848 

2J 

104 

17,632 

3, 704 
7,821 




I>i phenyl Fast Red B supra 

Chloramine Fast Red F 




Oxamine Red 


Germany, 100 per cent. 


Oxamine Red 


B 
B 

C 

By 




Oxamine Red 3BX 




Diamine Brown B 


Do 


Anthracene Red 




Do 


Dianol Red 2B 




TngUxnd, 100 per cent. 

GeiTnany, 43 per cent; 
Swtzerland, 57 per 


Dianol Orange Brown X. 

Dianol Orange Brown X 200 per 
cent. 

Diphcnvl Red 

Dip'henvl Red SC 


BD 
BD 

GrE 
B 




T-^luvlene Red 


Pyramine Orange R 


Germany, 100 percent. 


1 









74 CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 

Table 18. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1920 — Continued. 



Schultz 
No. 



3C3 

364 

360 

370 
373 

386 

391 
392 



405 
410 
411 



418 



426 



432 



Name of dye. 



Benzopurpurine 4B 

Benzopurpurine 

Cotton Fast Red 4BX . . 
Cotton Fast Red 4BSP. 
Cotton Fast Red 4BS.. . 



Diazo Brilliant Black. ..'. 

Diazo Brilliant Black B . 



Delta purpurine SB 

Delta purpurine 5B 

Delta purpurine SB cone. 



Brilliant Congo R . 



Congo Orange R 

C^ongo Orange R. 



Benzo Blue BX 

Chloraniine Blue BXR. 



Diamine Blue SB . 



Toluvlene Orange 

Toluylene Fast Orange GL. 
Toluylcne Fast Orange GL. 



.\cid anthracene Red 

Acid Anthracene Red G.. 
Acid Anthracene Red 3B . 
Milling Scarlet 4R cone... 



Diamine Yellow N 

Diamine Yellow N 

Diamine Yellow N powder. 

Benzopurpurine lOB 



Benzoin Blue RH cone. 300 per cent. 



Benzo Azurine 3G 

Benzo .Azurine GG 



Brilliant Azurine 5G 

Brilliant Azurine 5G 

Brilliant Azurine 5G cone 

Brilliant Aziu-ine 5G cone. 30 per 
cent. 



Diamine Brilliant Blue G 

Diamine Brilliant Blue G. 



Chicago Blue RW 

Chicago BlueRW. 



Oxamine Blue 

Oxamine Blue 3RXX . 



Chicago blue 6B 

Chicago Blue 6B 

Oxamine Pure Blue 6B 

Brilliant Benzo Blue6B 

Diamine Skv Blue FF 

Direct Sky "Blue Gr. Shade 250 
per cent. 



Diamine Pure Blue 

('hloramine Sky Blue A cone, pure 
Chloramine Skv Blue A cone. . 



Direct Blue B 

Direct Blue4GN 

Direct Blue 4GN 250 per cent. 
Direct BlueRW 



Diamine Cutch. 



Manufac- 
turer. 



By 



G 
BK 

By 

By 
By 



By 
M 



By 
By 
M 



G 
BK 



By 



By 
K 
By 



Bv 

c 



Imports. 



Quan- 
tity. 



Pounds. 
3,492 



4,743 
1, 896 

11,129 

254 



1,124 
273 



2,336 



2,205 

287 
201 

1,563 



51 

351 

13 

7.480 



7,055 



Invoice 
value. 



$2,462.24 



2,680.87 



2,839.00 



Countries of origin (per- 
centage of quantity). 



Germany 20 per cent; 
Switzerland, 80 per 
cent. 



Germany, 100 per cent. 

Germany, 42 per cent; 
Switzerland, 58 per 
cent. 

Germany, 100 per cent. 

Do. 



Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 



Germany, 100 per cent. 



Do. 



Do. 



Switzerland, 100 per 

cent. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 

Do. 



Do. 

Do. 
Do. 
Do. 



Germany, 54 per cent; 
Switzerland, 46 per 
cent. 



Switzerland, 100 p«if 
cent. 



Do. 



Germany, 100 percent 



DYES IMPOETED IN 1920. 75 

Table 18. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1920 — Continued. 



Schultz 
No. 


Name of dye. 


Manufac- 
turer. 


Imports. 


Coiuitries of origin (per- 
centage of quantity). 


Quan- 
tity. 


Invoice 
value. 


430 


Colurabia Black 




Pounds. 
23,350 

3S,C1G 

723 
1,821 

38,411 

2,205 

1,763 

882 

342 

1,332 

443 

7,555 
2,2.86 

74,414 

1,102 

1,4<J7 

25 
1,102 




Switzerland, 100 per 




Heligoland Black FFN ex 


G 
G 


846,368.00 


cent. 


449 


Heligoland Black BH, 100 per cent. 
Trisiilphon Bro\vn 


Do. 




Trisulplion Brown B 


S 
S 

s 






Trisulphon BrowTi MB 




451 


Trisulphon Brown MB cone 

Benzo Fast Blue 


Germany, 100 per cent. 




Benzo Fast Blue R 


By 


4, 206. 65 
52,212.99 




456 


Benzo Fast Blue 


Do. 




Benzo Fast Blue B 


By 
A 

By 






Congo Fast Blue B 






Benzo Fast Blue 4<>L 




457 


Trisulphon Brown GG 


Switzerland, 100 per 




Trisulohon Brown GG 


s 
s 
s 


cent. 




Trisulphon Brown GG cone 

Trisulphon Brown 2G . . . 




467 


Diphen3'l Green G... 


Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 

Do. 


409 


Diphenyl Green KGW supra 2iSS. . 
Chloramjne Black 


G 






Ohlnrfiminp, Rlqnk py , 


s 






471 


Chloramine Blue 3G 


Do. 




Ohloraminp TUnp SO 


s 






473 


Diamine Black HW. . . 


Do. 




Chloramine Black H W 


s 
s 


1,774.16 




475 


Chloramine Black ex cone 

Oxamine GreenC 


Germany, 5 per cent; 




Oxamine It. Green GX 


B 

S 

s 


Switzerland, 95 per 
cent. 




Direct Green G . . . 




Chloramine Green G 




477 


Congo Brown 


Germanv, 100 per cent. 




Naphthamine Brown D3G 

Naphthamine Brown 3G .. . 


K 
K 






478 


Columbia Green 


Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 




Direct Green B . . . 


S 


2, 415. 83 
170,055.06 


485 


Benzo Brown G 


Germany, 100 per cent. 




Benzo Brown G 


By 

By 






Benzo Brown D3G ex 






Dianol Brown D3G ex 




493 


Auramine 


Germany, 8 per cent; 




Auramine 6 


s 
I 

B 
K 
B 


Switzerland, 88 per 
cent; England, 2 per 
cent; s,ll other 2 per 




Auramine O 




Auramine OO 




Auramine OO ex 


cent. 




Auramine O D 






Auramine O cone. 






Auramine II 




496 


Sctoglaucine 


Switzerland, 100 per 




Setoglaucme.. 


G 


4, 269. 28 


cent. 


498 


Turquoise Blue.- . . ... 


Germanv, 90 per cent; 




Turquoise Blue 


Q 

By 


ail other 10 per cent. 




Turquoise Blue G 






Turquoise Blue BB 




499 


Brilliant Green 


Germanv, 100 per cent. 






B 




500 


Sctocvanine 


Switzerland, 100 per 




Setopulinc cone 


G 




cent. 



'76 CENSUS or dyes and coal-tar chemicals. 

Table 18. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1920 — Continued. 



Schultz 
No. 



502 



503 



505 



50C 

507 

508 

514 
516 

617 
521 
522 

623 

524 
527 

528 



Name of dye. 



Guinea Green 

Acid Green B . 



Neptune Green 

Neptune Green SGX 

BrUliant Acid Green 6B cone. 

Brilliant Milling Green B 

Light Green A ex cone 

Erio viridine B supra 

Benzyl Green B 

Guinea Fast Green B 



Light Green Yellowish 

Light Green SF Yellowish. . . 
Light Green SF Yellowish. . . 
Light Green SF Yellowish X. 

Light Green 2GM cone 

Acid Green GGex 

Acid Green GG ex cone 

Acid Green cone 

Acid Green B 



Erioglaucine 

Erioglaucine 

Erioglaucine super. 
Erioglaucine E P . . . 



Xylene Blue VS 

Xylene Blue VS. 



Xylene Blue AS 

Xylene Blue AS. 

Red Violet 



Crystal Violet 

Crystal Violet Powder. 
Crystal Violet Extra. . . 
Violet Crystals 



Benzyl Violet 

Benzyl Violet 5BN. 
Methyl Violet 5 B... 



Aniline Blue 

Opal Blue, Blue Shade. 
Night Blue 



Victoria Blue 4R 

Victoria Blue 4R 

Victoria Blue 4R 

Victoria Blue 4R highly coiic. 



Fast Light Green 

Fast Green ex 

Fast Green ex Bluish. 
Fast Light Green 



Acid Magenta 

Acid Magenta G 200 per cent. 

Acid Fuchsine O 

Fuchsine S 



Acid Violet 4BN 

Acid Violet 4BN.. 
Acid Violet 4BNs. 
Acid Violet 7BN.. 
Acid Violet BW... 
Acid Violet 8B ex. 



Fast Acid Violet lOB 

Fast Acid Violet lOB 

Fast Acid Violet lOB Cone. 
Keton Fast Violet lOB 



Manufac- 
turer. 



B 
By 

C 
tM 

G 

I 

A 



B 

Q 

B 
tM 
By 

C 

M 

C 



s 

tM 



I 
DH 



By 
By 
By 



BK 
M 
B 



M 
S 
M 

By 

M 



By 

7 



Imports. 



Quan- 
tity. 



Pounds . 

278 



10, 940 



7,490 



0,100 

27,254 

5,573 

750 
2,919 

3,313 



Invoice 
value. 



$25,021.31 



12, 168. 75 



20,314.87 



10,461 



10,086 



8, 402. 93 
2, 275. 82 



16,740.82 



277. 58 



51,549.94 



16,416.46 



Countries of origm (per- 
centage of quantity). 



Germany, 100 per cent. 



Germany, 51 per cent; 
Switzerland, 49 per 
cent. 



Germany, 99 per cent; 
all other 1 per cent. 



Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 



Do. 



Do. 



Germany, 100 per cent. ' 

Germany 51 per cent; 
Switzerland, 45 per 
cent; all other 4 per 
cent. 

Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 



Germany, 97 per cent; 
aU other 3 per cent. 



Germany, 100 per cent. 



Do. 



Do. 



Germany, 31 per cent; 
Switzerland, 69 per 
cent. 



I 



Germany, 07 per cent; 
Switzerland, 33 per 
cent. 



i 



DYES IMPORTED IN 1920. /77 

Table 18. — Iviports of dyes during the calendar year 1920 — Continued. 



Name of dye. 



Acid Violet 

Guinea Violet 4B 

Acid Violet 6B NO O... 
Acid Violet 6BN0.... 

Acid Violet -leLO 

Acid Violet 4B LOO F. 
Acid Violet 4BC Cone. 
Formyl Violet S4B . . . . 



Eriocyanine 

Eriocyanine A. 



Acid Violet 

Acid Violet 7B Cone. 



Methyl Alkali Blue. 
AlkaU Blue CB . . 



AlkaUBlue 

Alkali Blue HHRRooo. 

Alkali Blue 3B 

AlkaUBlue 4B 

AlkaUBlue 6B 

AlkaUBlue 4BE 

AlkaU Blue R 

AlkaU Blue 2R 

AlkaU Blue No. 4 



Methyl Blue for Silk 

Methyl Lyons Blue 

Methyl Lyons Blue 410 

Methyl Silk Blue (new) 

Methyl Silk Blue 

Methyl SiUi Blue (new) 706. 
Blue, Pure 



Soluble Blue 

Soluble Blue 2R. . . 

Pure Blue RT 

Silk Blue BTSBoo. 



Patent Blue , 

Patent Blue 

Patent BlueB 

Patent Blue B Cone 

Neptune Blue BGX 

Patent Marine Blue LE . 

Patent Blue L 

Patent Blue L Cone 

PatentBlueN 

PatentBlue V 

Patent Blue V Cone 

Patent Blue J3A 

Tetracynole ex 



Cyanine B 

Cyanine B . 



Patent Blue A 

Patent Blue A 

Patent Blue A (new) 

Patent Blue A 

Patent Blue A 

BrilUant Patent Blue A L 

BrUUant Patent Blue AL Cone. . . 

Neptune Blue BXX 

BriUiant Acid Blue FF Cone 

BrUUant Acid Blue FF Cone, 60 

per cent. 
BrilUant Acid Blue CB 



Cyanolo ex 

Cyanole ex . 



Manufac- 
turer. 



GrE 

C 

A 

C 

Q 

C 

M 
GrE 



BD 
Bk 

GrE 



GrE 
M 
M 
Q 
M 
M 
B 

By 

By 



Imports. 



Quan- 
tity. 



Pounds. 
3,925 



8,223 
51 
29 

6,778 



36,420 



24 

44,801 



Invoice 
value. 



$11,723.25 



8,682.36 



9,109.95 



2,287.09 



71,058.13 



Countries of origin (per- 
centage of quantity). 



G ermany, 100 per cent. 



Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 

Germany, 100 per cent. 
Do. 



Germany, 93 per cent; 
aU other, 7 per cent. 



Germany, 1 per cent; 
Switzerland, 99 per 
cent. 



Germany, 91 per cent; 
England, 9 per cent. 



Germany, 99 per cent; 
aU other, 1 per cent. 



Germany, 100 per cent. 



Germany, 97 per cent; 
all other, 3 per cent. 



Germany, 100 per cent. 



T8 CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 

Ta-ble 18. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year ^52i'>— Continued. 



Schultz 
No. 


Name of dye. 


Manufac- 
turer. 


Imports. 


Countries of origin (per- 
centage of quantity). 


Quan- 
tity. 


Invoice 
value. 


548 


Acid V iolet 6BN 




Pounds. 

5,582 

7,275 

2,205 

551 

336 

97 

11,782 

11 

6,478 

1,814 
9,291 

1,852 
127, 764 

273 




Germany, 2 per cent; 
Switicrland, 83 per 
cent; all other, 15 per 
cent. 

Switzerland, 100 per 




Acid Violet 6BN 


I 
B 






Acid Violet 6BN0 


551 


Eriochrome Azuiol B 




Eriochrome Azurol BX 


G 




S53 


Eriochrome Cyanine RC 


Do. 




Eriochrome Cyanine RC. 


G 






554 


Chrome Azurol S 


Do. 




Chi-ome Azui-ol SXT 


G 






555 


Aurine 




558 


Aurine 

New Victoria Bhie B 


Q 




Germany, 100 per cent. 




New Victoria Blue B 


By 


133,754.11 


559 


Victoria Blue B 


Germany, 27 per cent; 
Switzerland, 73 per 




Victoria Blue 


M 
G 
S 
I 
D&H 
B 
I 
B 
M 
B 

B 




Victoria Blue B 




Victoria Blue B 






Victoria Blue B 


1 




Victoria Blue B 






Victoria Bkio B Base .. . 






Victoria Blue B Base 






Victoria Pure Blue BO 




560 


Victoria Blue Double Cone 

Victoria Blue Highly Cone 

Night Blue 


Germany, 100 par cent. 
Da. 


562 


Fast Acid Blue , . 


19,686.36 




Fast Acid Blue B 


By 

"I 

By 
By 

By 
By 






Intensive Blue B 






Intensive Blue B 






Wool Blue N ex 

Wool Blue SR 






Brilliant Wool Blue FFR 

Wool BlueSRex 




563 


New Patent Blue B 


Da 




New Patent Blue B 


By 


40,040.82 

3,748.06 
283, 196. 16 




564 


Naj)hthalene Green 


Germany, 21 per cent; 
Switzerland, 79 per 
cent. 




Naohthalene Green V 


M 
M 
M 
M 
G 
G 
G 
G 




Naphthalene Green Cone, ex 

Naphthalene Green V Cone 

Naphthalene Green Cone 




Eric Green B 






Erio Green B Cone 






Erio Green B Supra . . ,•. 






Eric Green B Supra 657 




565 


Acid Blue B 


Germany, 100 percent. 




Wool blue 






Wool Blue2BA 


A 
A 
A 






Wool Blue 5B 






Wool Blue G Extra 




666 


Wool Green P 


Germany, 20 per cent; 
Switzerland, 79 per 
cent; all other, 1 per 
cent. 




Wool Green S 


S 
S 
I 
B 
B 

^y 

c 




Wool Green S Cone 




Wool Green S Cone. 250 percent. . 
AVool Green S Extra Cone. new... 
AVool Green S higlily Cone 






1 




Wool Green SC 


J 




Cyauol Greon B 


1 


670 


Rhodaminc S 


Germany, 100 percent. 




Rliodamine S Extra 


B 
B 








Rhodamine SP 







I 



i 



i 



DYES IMPORTED IN 1920. 7^ 

Table 18. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1920 — Continued. 



Schiiltz 
No. 


Kame of dye. 


Mamifac- 
turer. 


Imports. 


Countries of origin (per- 
centage of quantity). 


Quan- 
tity. 


Invoice 
value. 


571 


Rhodamine 6G 




Pounds. 

8,574 

517 
24, 709 

855 

2,907 

5,234 
2,679 

141 

130 

10 

1,402 

296 


S59, 062. 90 

594.74 
92,067.43 

227.85 
8,485.93 


Germany, 57 per cent; 
Switzerland, 36 per 
cent; all other, 7 per 




Rhodamine 6G 


I 
M 

I ■ 

S 

1 

B 

Q 

B 

M 

B 

B 

B 

B 




Rhodamine 60 




RhodamiDe 6G Ex 










RhodamireGG Ex. Cone 






Rhodamine 6G Ex. Pm'e 












Rhodam.ine6GB 






Rhodamine 6GD 






Rhodamine 6GDN 






Rhodamine 6GDN. Ex 






Rhodamine 6GF 






Rhodamine 6GN Ex 




572 


Rhodamine G 


Germany, 100 percent. 






B 
M 
B 
B 
M 




Rhodamine G 






Rhodamine G Extra 






Rhodamine GK 






Rhodamine GK 




673 


Rhodamine B 


Germany. 44 per cent; 
Switzerland, 50 per 
cent; all other, 6 per 






B 
B 

M 
M 
By 
By 
S 
I 

M 
M 
M 
M 
M 
M 
M 




Rhodamine BEx 




Rhodamine B 






















Rhodamine B Ex 






Rhodamine BEx 






Rhodamine B Ex 


















Rhodamine BED 






Rhodamine BN 






Rhodamine BSP 










576 




Germany, 48 per cent; 
ail other, 52 percent. 






B 
B 
B 
B 
C 
S 




Rhodamine 3G Ex 




Rhodamine 3GF 






Rhodamine 3GF Ex 
















580 


Fast Acid Violet B 


G ermany, 100 per cent. 




Fast Acid Violet B 


M 

GrE 
M 
M 
M 




Fast Acid Violet R 






Fast Acid Violet R 






Fast Acid Violet RGE 






Fast Acid Violet RL 




581 


Fast Acjd Phloxine A 


Do. 




Fast Acid Phloxine A 


M 
M 


16,329.42 






Fast Acid Eosine G ex 




582 


Fast Acid Violet A2R 


Do. 




Fast Acid Violet A2R 


M 
M 
M 






Violamine R 






Vinlnmitip. R rnno 




583 


Violamine G 


Do. 




Violainine G 


M 






584 


Fast Acid Blue R 


Do. 




Fast Acid Blue R .-... 


M 






585 


Uramine 


Do. 




Uramine 


M 






586 


ChrysoUne 


Switzerland, 100 per 




ChrysoUne 


G 




587 


Eosine 


Germany, 100 per cent. 




Eosine A (free from sand) 

Eosine S 


B 
B 





80 CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 

Table 18. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1920 — Continued. 



Name of dye. 



Manufac- 
turer 



Imports. 



Quan- 
tity. 



Invoice 
value. 



Countries of origin (per- 
centage of quantity). 



Acid Eosine 

Acid Eosine L New.. 
Fast Eosine L Paste. 



Galleine , 

Galleine , 

Galleine JRG Paste. 
Galleine W Powder. 



Coerulein S 

Coerulein S Powder... 
Coerulein I , 

Coerulein I Paste 

Coerulein MS Powder. 
Coerulein SL Powder. 



Acridine Orange , 

Acridine Orange 

Euchrysine 3RX 

RhoduJine Orange N . 



Phosphine 

Phosphine extra 

Phosphine 3R 

Brilliant Phosphine 5G 300 per 

cent. 

Coriphosphine OX extra 

Para Phosphine G 

Para Phosphine A extra 

Patent Phosphine G 300 per cent 

Paste. 
Patent Phosphine G cone. 300 per 

cent. 
Patent Phospliine GG 300 per cent 

Patent Phosphine GG cone 

Patent Phospliine M 300 per cent. 
Patent Phosphine M cone. 300 per 

cent. 

Patent Phosphine R 

Saba Phosphine G 

Saba Phosphine G G 



Euchrysine 

Euchrysine GRNTN. 

Euchrysine RRD 

Euchrysine RT 



Homophosphine G 

Diamond Phosphine R. . 
Flavaphosphine 4G cone. 
Corioflavine G 



Quinoline Yellow Spirit Soluble 

Quinoline Yellow P extra cone. 



Quinoline YeUow 

Quinohne YeUow 

Quinoline YeUow 

Quinohne Yellow 

Quinohne YeUow 

QuinoUne Yellow, extra. . . 
Quinoline Yellow, extra. . . 
QuinoUne Yellow N extra. 

Quinohne Yellow O 

QuinoUne YeUow O 

QuinoUne YcUow WN 



TluoUavine S. 



PrimuUno 

Polychromine AC . 



Columbia YeUow 

Chloramine Yellow GO.. 
Chloramine Yellow GG. . . 
Diamine Fast YeUow 3G . 



B 

B 

B 

DH 
BD 



DH 
B 
By 



M 

A 
I 

By 
c 

Q 
I 



C 

M 

GrE 



I 
S 
B 

^y 

By 

A 
M 
Q 



""I 
C 



Pounds. 
1,132 



9,392 



1,925 



19,529 



S2,192.98 



14,754.31 



5,083.56 



85,158.75 



2,432 

1,749 

205 
34, 440 



3,868.55 



3,255.00 



59,030.81 



675 
441 

4,810 



3,591.63 



Germany, 100 per cent. 



Germany, 6 per cent; 
Switzerland^ 94 per 
cent. 



Germ^any, 70 per cent; 
Switzerland, 10 per 
cent; England, 2 per 
cent; aU other, 18 per 
cent. 



Germany, 43 per cent: 
Switzerland, 57 per 
cent. 



Germany, 21 per cent; 
Switzerland, 76 per 
cent; aU other, 3 per 
cent. 



Germany, 100 per cent. 



Do. 



Do. 



Germany, 28 per cent; 
Switzerland, 69 per 
cent; aU other, 3 per 
cent. 



I 



Germany, 100 per cent. 

Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 

Germany, 100 per cent. 



DYES IMPORTED IN 1920. 81 

Table 18. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1920 — Continued. 



Schultz 
No. 


Name of dye. 


Manufac- 
turer. 


Imports. 


Countries of origin (per- 
centage of quantity). 


Quan- 
tity. 


Invoice 
value. 


CIS 


Thioflavine T 




Pounds. 

5,807 

29, 643 

5, ess 

12,414 

1,287 

551 

1, 933 

4,418 

16, 446 
100 
44 

4,740 


$9, 848. 08 


Germany, 75 percent; 
Switzerland, 13 per 
cent; all other, 12 




Tliioflaviiie T .... 


g 

K 

S 

c 

By 




Thioflaviiie T 




ThioflavijieT 


percent. 




Thioflavine T 




Thiofla vine T 140 per cent 

Rhodu!i!ie Yellow 6 G 




622 


DelDhine Blue B 


Switzerland, 100 per 


624 


Brilliant Delphine Blue B. S 

Violet Moderne N 


s 


14, 117. 19 


cent. 
Do. 




Violet Moderne 


DH 
DH 
DH 






Violet Moderne powder 






Violet Moderne N 




626 


Gallocyaiiiiie 


Do. 




GaUocvanine paste 


1 








Brilliant Chrome Blue P 




628 


Gallocyaniue M. S 


Do. 


631 


Chromocvanine 






Do. 




Chromocyanine B paste 


DH 






633 


IndaUzarin R 


Do. 




ludalizarin I paste 


DH 






635 


Ultra Violet M. 


Do. 




ntra Violet M. O 


S 






636 


Prune Pure 


Do. 




Prune Pure 


S 






637 


Gallamine Blue 


Do. 


639 


Gallamine Blue extra paste 

Soluble B lue 2 A .--.- 


G 
BD 




England, 100 per cent. 


641 


Coreine RR 




Switzerland, 100 per 




Coreine RR 


DH 




cent. 


642 


Phenocyanine TC 


Do. 




Pheuocj'anine VS paste 


DH 
DH 








Phenocyanine R paste 




643 


Phenocyanine TV 


Do. 




Phenocyanine TV powder 

CotKjn Blue . . . 


DH 


1,543 
5,240 

1,241 
2,8S3 
2,053 

1,047 
2, OoO 




Do. 


649 




Do. 




Meldola Blue 3R cone 


S 






653 


Nile Blue 


Germany, 100 per cent. 




Nile Blue A 


B 
B 


14, 874. 25 
6, 983. 44 

2, 234. 92 






Nile Blue B 




658 


Fast Black 


Do. 




Gallopheninc P 


M 






Gallopheninc P 




659 


Methylene Blue 


Germany, 11 per cent; 




Methylene Blue 


I 

S 

s 

DH 
I 
Q 


Switzerland, 73 per 




Methylene Blue B . B 


cent; all other, 16 per 




Methylene Blue B.B. (zinc free). . 
Methylenes. Z. 


cent. 


660 


Methylene Blue medicinal 

Methylene Blue medicinal 

Methylene Green 


Sv.itzerland, ICO per 




Methylene Green G cone 


S 

s 

G 


cent. 










Methj'lene Green W 




661 


Thioniiie Blue 


Germany, 100 per cent. 




ThionineBlue GO 


M 







55558 °-21— No. 23- 



82 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 
Table 18. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1920 — Continued. 



Schultz 
No. 


Name of dye. 


Manufac- 
turer. 


Imports. 


Countries of origin (per- 
centage of quantity). 


Quan- 
tity. 


Invoice 
value. 


063 


New Methylene Blue 




Pounds. 
513 

3,214 

154 
196 

549 

201 

40 

33 

9 

35 

249 

1,083 

3 
3,124 

337 

500 
501 

9,681 

2, 603 
1,54.? 
662 
2, 498 
2,701 


$433. C9 
7, 485. 66 


Germany, 14 per cent; 
all other, 86 per cent. 

Switzerland, 100 per 




New MeT,liyIene Blue N 


Q 
B 


667 


New Methylene Blue NNX 

TTiflofhrnminp , , , 




Indoehroraine RR 


S 

s 
s 




Indochromiiie T 




671 


Indcchroiniiie T cone, double 

Induline Scarlet 


Germany, 100 per cent. 




Iiiduliue Scarlet 


B 




672 


Azo Carmine 


Do. 




Azo Carmine GX 


B 
B 


435. 19 










673 


Azo Carmine B 


Do. *^ 




Azo Carmine BX 


B 

K 






Rosinduline 2B bluish 




674 


Rosinduline 


Do. 




Rosinduline 2G 


K 






675 


Rosinduline G 


Do. 




Rosinduline GXF 


K 






680 


Methvlene Violet 


Switzerland, 100 per 




Methylene Violet B 


DH 




681 


New Fast Gray 


Germany, 100 per cent. 




Methylene Gray ND 


M 




684 


Rhoduline Violet 


Do. 


685 


Brilliant RhoduUne Red B 

Tannin Heliotrope 


By 




Do. 




Tanning Heliotrope 


C 


10, 966. 08 




087 


Rosolane OTR 


Do. 




Rosoiaiie B 


M 
M 
M 
M 






Rosolane 






Methylene Heliotrope O 




688 


MethyleneHehotropeextra strong. 
Rosolane 


Do. 




RosoJane extra strong 


M 


4, 509. 07 




690 


Metaphenylene Blue R 


Do. 




Metaphenylene B lue R 


C 

A 






Diphene Blue R 




695 


Paraphenylene violet 


Do. 


699 


ludocyanine B 


A 




Do. 


700 


Nigi-osine (water soluble) 




Do. 




Nigrosine T 


B 


7, 506. 28 




705 


Indamine 6R 


Do. 




ludocyanine 








Indocyanine B 


A 
A 






Acid CyanineBF 




709 


Pyrogene Green 


Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. J 




Pyrogene Green 3G 


I 




712 


Ivjyogene Yellow 


Do. 




Sulphur Yellow G 


S 






720 


Sulphur Black 






Sulphur Black Kxtra 1/4 


Q 






726 


Pyrogene Direct Blue 


Do. 


734 


Pyrogene Direct Blue RL 

Pyrogene Yellow 


I 




Do. 




Pyrogene Yellow O 


I 







DYES IMPORTED IN 1920. 83 

V Table 18. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1920 — Continued. 





Name of dye. 


Manufac- 
turer. 


Imports. 


Countries of origin (per- 
centage of quantity). 


Schultz 
No. 


Quan- 
tity. 


Invoice 
value. 


746 


Thinn.'il flrfipii 




Pounds. 
14, 370 

43, 219 

19, 210 

2,354 
7,617 

35,338 

399 

13,917 
6,765 

941 

40,782 

84, 165 

24 
17,421 

500 
12,628 




Switzerland, 100 per 


747 


Thional Brilliant Green G G 


S 




cent. 
Do. 




Thional Brown G 


S 


$13, 479. 43 




7-l.'< 


Hydron Blue 


Germany, 100 per cent. 




Hydron Blue G Paste 20 per cent. 
Ilvdroa Bluy G Powder 


c 
c 
c 
c 






Hydron Blue R Paste 






Hydron Blue R Pov/der 




759 


Antlirafla'"one G .... 


Do. 




Anthraflavone G Paste 


B 
B 


30,600.12 

76, 570. 24 
283.57 






Antiiraflavone GC Paste 




760 


Indanthr^ne Gold Orange G 


Do. 


761 


ladanthrene Gold Orange G 

Powder. 
Indantlirene Gold Orange G Paste. 
Indanthrene Gold Orange G 

double Paste. 

Indanthrene Gold Orange R 


B 

B 
B 


Do. 


762 


Indanthrene Gold Orange R 

Paste. 
Indanthrene Gold Orange RRT 

Paste. 

Indanthrene Scarlet GS 


B 
B 


Do. 


763 


Indanthrene Scarlet G Paste 

Indanthrene Scarlet G Double 

Paste. 
Indanthrene Scarlet GS Powder.. 

Indanthrene Dark Blue BD . 


B 
B 

B 


Do. 


765 


Indanthrene Dark Blue BD Paste. 
Indanthrene Green B 


B 




Do. 


766 


Indanthrene Green B Paste 

Indanthrene Blue Green B Paste.. 

Indanthrene Violet R 


B 
B 




Do. 


767 


Indanthrene Violet R Extra 
Paste. 

Indanthi'cne Violet RR 


B 


92,322.33 
126,408.92 


Do. 


768 


Indanthrene Violet RR Extra 

Paste. 
Indanthrene Violet RR Extra 

Powder. 

Indanthrene Violet B 


B 
B 


Do. 




IndanthiiMic Black BB Paste 


B 
B 
B 




772 


Indanthrene Black B3 double Paste.. 
Indanthrene Black BB Powder 

Gallofla\ane W Paste 


Do. 




Galloilaviue W Paste 


B 


3,920.42 




774 


Alizarin Black 


Do. 




Alizarin Black S 


B 
B 
B 
B 






Ahzarin Black S Paste 






Alizarin Black W R 






Alizarin Blue Black GT 




779 




Do. 




Alizarin Orange R Paste 


By 


17, 790. 19 




780 


Alizarin Red 


Do. 




Alizarin Red S Powder 


B 
B 






Alizarin Red S 






Alizarin Red SWB Powder 

Alizarin Red \V Powder 






Alizarin Red I WS 





84 CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 

Table 18. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1920 — Continued. 



Schultz 

No. 


Name of dye. 




Imports. 


Countries of origin (per- 
centage of quantity). 


turer. 


Quan- 
tity. 


Invoice 
value. 


7S2 


Alizarin Brown 




Pounds. 

2,728 

49 

20 

16, 781 

103,913 
3,539 

11 
6,125 

14,032 

1, 3.34 
2,014 

339* 

2,049 

1,500 
5,585 


$5, 959. 01 


Germany, 100 per cent. 




Alizarin Brown 20 per cent Paste. 
AJizarin Brown 100 per cent Paste. 
Alizarin Brown G 


M 
M 
M 
B 
B 
B 


784 


Anthracene Brown 20 per cent 

Anthracene Brown 100 per cent. . . 
Anthracene Brown SW, Powder . . 

Alizarin SX 


1 

Do. i 




AUzarin SXGD 


B 




i 


787 


Alizarin Bordeaux 


■ 

Do. 




Alizarin Bordeaux GG 


By 


12, 305. 63 

132,663.81 
15, 184. 21 




788 


Alizarin Cyanine 


Do. 


789 


AUzann Cyanine NS Powder 

AUzarin Cyanine WEB Powder. . 

Alizarin Cyanine WRR Paste 

Alizarin Cyanine RR Powder 

Anthracene Blue WR 


By 
By 


Do. 


790 


Anthracene Blue WR Paste 

Anthracene Blue WR double 
Paste. 

Acid Alizarin Blue 


B 
B 


Do. 




Anthracene Blue SWG 


B 
B 
B 
B 

B 






Anthracene Blue S WGG 




791 


Anthracene Blue S WGG powder. 
Anthracene Blue SWGG ex. 

powder. 
Anthracene Blue SWR powder... 

Indanthrene Ohve G 


Do, 


792 


Indanthrene Olive G powder 

Cibanone Orange R 


B 


12, 681. 07 
18, 446. 00 


Switzerland, 100 per 




Cibanone Orange R 


I 
I 

I 
I 


cent. 




Cibanone Orange R paste 9 per 

cent. 
Cibanone Green G paste 






Cibanone OUve B paste 


. 


795 


Cibanone YeUow R 


Do. 




Cibanone Yellow R 


S 
I 
I 






Cibanone Yellow R 




796 


Cibanone Yellow R paste 

Acid Alizarin Green G 


Germany, 100 per cent. 




Acid AUzarin Green 3G 


M 


2, 323. 93 
147, 71 




798 


AUzarin Maroon W 


Do. 




AUzarin Maroon.. .. . 


B 
B 
B 




799 


AUzarin Maroon 10 percent paste.. 
AUzarin Maroon 20 per cent paste. . 

AUzarin Cyanine G 


Do. 


800 


AUzarin Cyanine G powder extra. . 
AUzarin Cyanine GG powder 

Anthracene Blue 


gy 

By 


Do. 




Anthracene Blue WB paste 

Anthracene WG paste 


B 
B 






801 


Anthracene Blue WGG 


Do. 


803 


Anthracene Blue WGG paste 

AUzarin Blue WX 


B 


399. 92 


Do. 




AUzarin Blue 


M 












AUzarin Blue WX 10 per cent 
paste. 





f 



DYES IMPORTED IN 1920. 85 

Table 18. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1920 — Continued. 



Name of dye. 



Manufac- 
turer. 



Imports. 



Quan- 
tity. 



Invoice 
value. 



Coimtries of origin (per- 
centage of quantity). 



825 



AUzarLn Blue S 

Alizarin Blue S powder 

Alizarin Blue S powder 

AHzarin Blue SB 

Alizarin Blue 942 

Alizarin Blue 942 paste 

AUzarin Sky Blue B powder. 



Alizarin Green S 

Alizarin Green S paste. 
Alizarin Green CE 



Holindonc Yellow 3GN 

HeUndone Yellow 3GN paste 

Helindone Yellow 3GN powder.. 
Helindone Yellow CAK'powder. 
HeHndone Yellow GG vat 



Algol Yellow 3G 

Algol YeUow 3G paste 

Algol Yellow 3G powder... 
Algol Yellow 3GL paste. . . 
Algol YeUow 3GL powder. 



Indanthrene Orange RT 

Indanthrene Orange RT paste. . . 
Indanthrene Orange RT powder. 



Algol Yellow WG 

Algol YeUow WF. 



Algol Scarlet G 

Algol Scarlet G paste. .. 
Algol Scarlet G powder. 



Algol Red 5G 

Algol Red 5G 

Algol Red 5G paste. 



Algol YeUow R 

Algol Yellow R 

Algol YeUow R powder. 



Algol Pink R 

Algol Pink R paste... 
Algol Pink R powder. 



Algol Red RFF 

Algol Red R ex. paste 

Algol Red R ex. powder... 

Algol Red BB paste 

Algol Red FF extra paste. 



Algol brilliant violet R 

Algol Brilliant Violet R 

Algol BrilUant Violet R paste . . . . 
Algol BrilUant Violet RP powder. 



Algol BrUUant Violet 2B 

Algol BriUiant Violet 2B powder 
Mgol Blue 3R powder 



Algol BrUUant Orange FR 

Algol BriUiant Orange FR powder 
Algol BriUiant Orange FR paste. . 



Algol Violet B 

Algol Violet B. 



Algol Orange R 

Algol Orange R paste 

Algol Orange R powder . 



Algol RedB 

Algol Red B Paste.... 
Algol Red B Powder. 



By 
B 
M 
M 
M 
By 



B 

By 



By 



By 



By 



By 



By 



By 



gy 

By 
By 



By 



gy 

By 



By 

By 



By 



By 



Pounds. 
43, 679 



4,254 
2,515 



Sy 

By 



S31, 291. SI 

2, 172. 21 
9, 718. S5 

382. 63 



382 

4 

959 

51 
2,299 
1,368 
7,335 

5,856 

S27 

482 

69 
408 

4,151 



3, 028. 04 



14, 413. 00 
1, 728. 72 
10, 028. 69 

21, 871. 66 



793. 11 



516. 8S 



12,537.94 



Germany, 100 per cent. 

Do. 
Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 
Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 
Do. 

Do. 



86 CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 

Table 18. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1920 — Continued. 





Name of dyo. 


Manufac- 
turer. 


Imports. 


Coiuitries of origin (per- 
centage of quantity). 


Schultz 

No. 


Quan- 
tity. 


Invoice 
value. 


827 


Indantlireiie Bordeaux B Extra 

Indanthrcno Claret B Extra Paste. 
Indanthrene Claret B Powder 

Indanthrp/ne Bordeaux B 


"b" " 

B 


Povmda. 
4,0.56 

2,741 
61 

6, 595 

4,766 
49 

461 

840 

74 
15,238 
16,385 

218 

1,702 

500 

147,620 

4,700 


$2, 725. 68 


Germany, 

Do. 
Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 
Do. 

Do. 
Do. 
Do. 

Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 

Do. 


100 per cent. 


829 


Indanthrene Claret B Paste 

Algol Bordeaux 3B 


B 


21.17 
7,924.46 






Algol Bordeaux 3B Paste 


Bv 
By 




830 


Algol Bordeaux 3B Powder 

Indantlireiie Red R 




831 


Indanthrene Red R Paste 

Indanthrene Red R Paste (sand 

free.) 

Indanthrene Red R Powder 

Indanthrene Red R Double Paste. 
Indanthrene Red R Double Paste 

(sand free). 

Indanthrene Red B N 


B 
B 

B 
B 
B 




&32 


Indanthrene Red BN Extra Paste. 
Indanthrene Violet RN 


B 






833 


Indanthrene Violet RN Extra 
Powder. 

Algol OUve R 


B 


140.27 
1,934.80 






Algol Olive R Paste 


By 






Algol Olive R Powder. . 




834 


Algol Grey 






Algol Grey B Paste 


By 
By 
By 






Algol Grey B Powder 






Algol Grey BB Powder 




835 


HeUndone Orange GRN 




836 


Helindone Orange GRN Paste 

HeUndone Brown 3GN 


M 


4,419.19 

4,90.5.62 

2,343.22 
1,151.45 




838 


HeUndone Brown 3GN Paste 

Indanthrene Blue RS 


M 






Indanthrene Blue RS 


B 
B 

B 

B 




839 


Indanthrene Blue RS (for paper) 

Paste. 
Indanthrene Blue RS (for paper) 

Powiler. 
Indanthrene Blue RS (for paper) 

Powder Triple. 

Algol Blue K 






Algol Blue K 


By 
By 






Algol Blue K Powder. , 




840 


Indanthrene Blue 3G 




841 


Indantlireiie Blue 3G Paste 

Indanthrene Blue 3G Powder 

Indanthrene Blue GGS. 


B 
B 




842 


Indanthrene Blue GG, SP Double 
Paste. 

Indanthiene Blue GCD 


B 


273,910.86 
8,863.00 






Indanthrene Blue GCD 


B 
B 

B 

B 




843 


Indanthrene Blue GCD Double 

Pasta 
Indanthrene Blue GCD Double 

Paste (sand free). 
Indanthrene Blue GCD Powder. . 

Indanthrene Blue GC 






Indanthiene Blue GC Paste 

ludanthreue Blue GC Powder . . . . 


B 
B 





DYES IMPORTED IN 1920. 87 

Table 18. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1920 — Continued. 



Schultz 
No. 



844 



Name of dye. 



Algol Blue 30 

Algol Blue 3G Paste.. 
Algol Blue 3G Powder 



Indanthrene Maroon R 

Indanthrene Maroon R Pa.ste 

Indanthrene Marocn R Paste 
(sand free). 



Manufac- 
turer. 



Algol Green B , 

Algol Green B 

Algol Green B Paste 

Algol Green B Powder 

Algol Dark Green B Powder. 



By 
By 



849 



Indanthrene Grey B 

Indanthrene Grey B Paste 

Indanthrene Grey B Double Paste 
Indanthrene Grey B Double Paste 

(sand free). 
Indanthrene Grev B Powder 



Indanthrene YcUow 

Indanthrene Yellow G 

Indanthrene Yellow G Paste 

Indanthrene Yellow G Paste Fme. 
Indanthrene Yellow G Paste (sand 

free). 
Indantlirene Yellow G Double 

Paste. 
Indanthrene Yellow G Double 

Paste Fine. 
Indanthrene Yellow G Double 

Paste (sand free). 

Indanthrene Yellow R 

Indanthrene Yellow 11 Paste 

Indanthrene Yellow R Paste 

(sand free). 
Indanthrene Yellow R Double 

Paste. 
Indanthrene Yellow R Double 

Paste (sand free). 



850 Indanthrene Blue WB 

Indanthrene Blue WB Powder.. 



Alizarin Direct Blue B 

Alizarin Direct Bkie B 

Alizarin Direct Blue EB 

Alizarin Direct Blue ESR.. 
Ahzarin Direct VAxxe ESRC. 

Alizarin Cyanole B 

Alizarin Cyanole B 



Alizarin Irisole R, D 

Alizarin Irisole R Powder . 
Alizarin Direct Violet R. . 



850 



Anthraqninone Violet 

Aathraquinone Violet Powder 



Alizarin ViridineDG, FF 

Alizarin Viridine FF Pa-^te 

Alizarin Viridine FF Extra Paste 

Alizarin Viridine FF Powder 

BrilliaiAt Alizarin Viridine F Paste 



Alizarin Astro! 

Alizarin A.strol B 

Alizarin Astrol B Powder 

Alizarin Astrol B Powder 

Alizarin Rubinol G W Powder 

Alizarin Rubinol 3G Powder.. ... 

Alizarin Ftubinol 5G Powder 

Alizarin Rubinol R 

Alizarin Rubinol R Powder 

Alizarin Ruliinol R Powder Cone 

Alizarin Ruliinol R Cone 

.-r Alizarin Rubinol R Cone 



K 
By 



M 
M 
M 
M 
C 
K 



Bv 

M 



By 
By 



K 
B 
Bv 

By 
By 

K 
By 
By 
Bv 

K 



Imports. 



Quan- 
tity. 



Pounds. 
3,896 



46 



527 



Invoice 
value. 



83,245.25 



2, 7S5. 62 



2,639 2,060.09 



Countries of origin (per- 
centage of quantity). 



Germany, 100 per cent. 



Do. 



75,665 



231,278.36 



Do. 



Do. 



Do. 




Do. 
Do. 



Do. 

Do. 
Do. 

Do. 



88 CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 

Table 18. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1920 — Continued. 



Name of dye. 



Alizarin Saphirol B . . 
Alizarin Saphirol 
Alizarin Saphirol 
Alizarin Saphirol 
Alizarin Saphirol 
Alizarin Saphirol 
Alizarin Saphirol 
Alizarin Saphirol 
Alizarin Saphirol 



B Powder 

B Powder 

BH Powder... 

C Powder 

SE 

SE Powder.... 
WSA Powder. 
WSA Powder. 



Cynanthrol R 

Cynanthrol R 

Cynanthrol R Powder. 

Cynanthrol RBA 

Cynanthrol RBY 

Cynanthrol RXO 



Cynanthrol G 

Cynanthrol 3G0 Powder. 

Cynanthrol BGA . . : 

Cynanthrol BG A, OO.... 



Anthraquinone Blue SR 

Anthraquinone Blue SR Extra 
Pure. 



Alizarin Blue Black 

Alizarin Blue Black B Cone .... 
Alizarin Blue Black B Powder.. 
Alizarin Blue Black 3B Powder. 



Anthraquinone Blue Green BXO 

Anthraquinone Blue Green BXO 



Anthraquinone Green GX, GXN 

Anthraquinone Green GX, NO.. 



Alizarin Direct Green G 

Alizarin Direct Green G 

Alizarin Dii^ect Green GC 

Alizarin Cyanine Green B Powder 
Alizarin Cyanine Green G Powder 
Alizarin Cyanine Green G Extra 
Powder. 



Leuco Dark Green B 

Leuco Dark Green B Powder. 



Indanthrene Brown 

Indanthrene Brown B Double 

Paste. 
Indanthrene Brovrai B Double 

Paste Fine. 
Indanthrene Brown B Powder . . . 



Algol Brown B 

Algol Brown R Paste. . . 
Algol Brown R Powder. 



Algol Corinth R 

Algol Corinth R 

Algol Corinth R Paste... 
Algol Corinth R Powder. 



Leucol Brown B 

Leucol Brown B Powder . 



Helindone Brown AN 

Helindone Brown AN 10 per cent 

Paste. 

Indanthrene Pink B 

Indanthrene Pink B Paste 

Indanthrene Pink B Paste (sand 

free.) 
Indantlu-enc Pink B Double Paste 
Indanthrene Red Violet RRN 

Paste. 
Indanthrene Red Violet RRN 

Powder. 



Manufac- 
turer. 



K 

By 
By 
By 
K 
By 
By 
K 



By 
By 
By 



M 

M 
By 
By 
By 



By 



By 
By 



By 
By 
By 



By 



Imports. 



Quan- 
tity. 



Pounds. 
28, 210 



2,416 



5,127 



28,802 

849 

2,531 

31,851 

120 
3,511 



134 



22 



Invoice 
value. 



Countries of origin (per- 
centage of quantity). 



12,255.47 



72,416.03 



901.45 



14, 783. 62 



10,290 42,495.53 



Germany, 100 per cent. 



Do. 

Do. 

Do; 
Do. 

Do; 
Do. 
Do. 



Do. 
Do. 



Do. 



Do. 



Do. 



Germany, 99 per cent; 
all other, 1 per cent. 



DYES IMPORTED t:N' 1920. 89 

Table 18. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1920 — Continued. 



Schultz 
No. 


Name of dye. 


Manu- 
facturer. 


Imports. 


Countries of origin (per- 
centage of quantity). 


Quan- 
tity. 


Invoice 
value. 


880 


Indieo RB 




PounAs. 
3,691 

35, 8.57 

l,e08 
4, 1.30 

3,503 

1, 207 

827 

1,248 

1,596 

291 

3, 514 

2,527 
18, 287 

1,778 
2,200 


$1, 073. 05 
58, 492. 10 


Germanv, 100 per cent. 




Indigo MLB, 2B 


M 

M 
M 
M 






Indigo MLB, 2B Paste 20 per cent. 
Indigo MLB,2B Powder 




881 


Helindone blue BB Paste 

Ciba Blue 2B 


Germany, 8 per cent; 
Switzerland, 88 per 




Ciba Blue 2B 


I 

S 

I 

By 
BD 

M 

K 




Ciba Blue 2B Powder 


cent; all other, 4 per 




Ciba Blue 2BD Paste 


cent. 




Brown Indigo FB Powder 

Durindone Blue 4B 






Indigo MLB, 4B Paste 20 per cent. 
Tndigo KB Paste 




882 


Ciba Blue G 


England, 100 per cent. 




Durindone Blue 5B 


BD 


5, 714. 38 

1, 512. 2S 
1, 022. 28 




883 


Indigo KG 


Germanv, 76 per cent; 




Indigo MLB, 6B Paste 20 per cent . 
Indigo MLB, 6B Paste 40 per cent. 
Indigo MLB,6B Powder 


M 
M 
M 
BD 


England, 24 per cent. 




Durindone Blue (>B 




885 


Brilliant Indigo B 


Germany, 100 per cent. 




Brilliant Indigo B 


B 
B 
B 




887 


Brilliant Indigo B 20 per cent 

Brilliant J ndigo B Pov/der 

Brilliant Indigo 4G 


Do. 




BrilUant Indigo 4G 


B 
B 




888 


BriUiant Indigo 4G 20 per cent 

Indigo T . 


Do. 




Indigo G 


B 
B 


4, 233. 15 






Indigo G Paste 




892 


Helindone Green G 


Do. 




HeUndone Green G Paste 


M 

il 




8^13 


Helindone Green G Powder 

Alizari'i Indigo G 


Do. 




Alizarin Indigo G Paste 


By 






894 


Alizarin Indigo B 


Do. 




Alizarin Indigo B Paste 


By 


2, 833. 58 
10, 976. 09 

08, 4S5. 29 

2, 651. 87 
4, 598. 92 




895 


-Vlizarin Indigo 3R 


Do. 




Alizarin Indigo 3R Paste 


By 




896 


Alizarin Indigo 3R Powder 

Helindone Blue 3GN 


Do. 




Helindone Blue 3G N 


il 
il 
M 
M 






Helindone Blue 3GN 20 per cent.. 
Helindoi)cBlue3GNconcentrated- 
Helindone Blue 3R Paste . . 




k 901 


Ciba Violet B 


Switzerland, 100 per 


^K 


Ciba Violet B 


I 
I 
I 
I 
I 
I 
I 


cent. 


w 


Ciba Violet B Paste 10 per cent . . 
Ciba Violet B Powder 




B 


Ciba Violet B Powder 95 per cent. 
Ciba Violet R 




H' 


Ciba Violet R Paste 




^v 


Ciba Violet R Powder 




■ 902 


Helindone Brown 2R 


Germany, 100 per cent. 


904 


Helindone Brown 2R Paste 

Helindone Brown 2R Powder 

Helindone Brown G 


M 
M 


Do. 




Helindone Brown G Paste 

Helindone Brown G Powder 

Helindone Brown CR 


M 
M 

M 
M 
M 






Helindone Brown CR Paste 

Helindone Brown CR Powder 





90 CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 

Table 18. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1920 — Continued. 



Schultz, 
No. 



905 



906 



907 



910 



912 



913 



914 



915 



916 



917 



918 



Name of dye. 



Thio Indigo Scarlet R 

Tliio Indigo Scarlet R Paste. 
Durindone Scarlet R 



Thio Indigo Scarlet G 

Thio Indigo Scarlet G Paste 

Thio Indigo Scarlet 2G Paste 20 
per cent. 

CihaRed G Powder 

CibaRed G Paste 



Mannfac- 
tnrer. 



Ciba Scarlet G 

Ciba Scarlet G 

Ciba Scarlet G Extra Paste 

Ciba Scarlet G Extra Paste 20 per 
cent. 

Ciba Scarlet G Extra Powder 

Helindone Fast Scarlet C Paste. . 



Helindone Pink 

Hehndone pink AN 10 per cent. . 
Helindone Pmk BN 10 per cent.., 

Thio Indigo Pink AN Paste , 

Thio Indigo Pink B N Paste 

Thio Indigo Rose AN Paste 

Thio Indigo Pink Rose BW Paste. 



Thio Indigo Red B 

Thio Indigo Red B Paste... 
Thio Indigo Red B Powder. 



Helindone Orange R 

Helindone Orange R 100 per cent. 

Hehndone Orange R paste 

Helindone Orange R powder 

Thio Indigo Orange R paste 



Hehndone Orange D 

Helindone Orange D powder. 



921 



923 



Helindone Fast Scarlet R 

Hehndone Fast Scarlet R 

Helindone Fast Scarlet R paste.. 
Hehndone Fast Scarlet R powder 



Helindone Scarlet S 

Hehndone Scarlet S paste. 



Helindone Red B 

Helindone Red B paste. 



Hehndone Red 3B 

Helindone Red 3B paste 

Helindone Red 3B powder. 



Hehndone Violet 

Helindone Violet B paste 

Helindone Violet B powder. .. 
Hehndone Violet BB paste. . . 
Hehndone Violet BB powder. 

Hehndone Violet R paste 

Helindone Violet R powder. . 
Thio Indigo Violet B paste. . . 

Hehndone Grey BB, BR 

Hehndone Grey BB paste 

Hehndone Grey BB powder.. 

Helindone Grey BR 

Helindone Grey BR powder. . 
Helindone Black KRG paste. . 

Ursol 

Ursol A , 

Ursol A (lumps) 

Ursol 2G 

Ursol 4G 

UrsolP 

Ursol4R 

Ursol 4R paste 

Ursol Grey B 



Q 
BD 



M 



Imports. 



Quan- 
tity. 



Pounds. 
370 



25, 578 

27,162 

275 
3,155 

17 
3,748 

56 

200 

4,385 



Invoice 
value. 



$714. 59 



4, 121. 49 



45, 217. 43 



61, 303. 53 



414 S7 



49,489.63 



Countries of origin (per- 
centage of quantity). 



England, 73 per cent; 
all other, 27 per cent. 



Germany, 58 per cent; 
Switzerland, 42 per - 
cent. -A 



Switserland, 100 per 
per cent. 



Germany, 100 per cent. 



14,177.91 



17,654. 



16,882 75,897.35 



427. 65 



1,600 



4, 467. 



Do. 
Do. 

Do. 
Do. 

Do. 
Do. 
Do. 

Do. 

Do, 
Do. 



I 



I 



DYES IMPORTED IN 1920. 



91 



Table 18. — /»iporis of dyes during the calendar year 1920 — Continued. 

UNIDENTIFIED DIRECT COLORS. 



Scbultz 
No. 


Naran of riye. 


Manufac- 
turer. 


Imports. 


Countries of origin (per- 
centage of nuautity). 


Quan- 
tity. 


Invoice 
value. 






I 


Pounds. 
1,942 

1,314 

1,111 

4,500 

1,422 

8,485 

2,16S 

1,887 
35:J 
536 

2,559 

3,290 

439 

24 

1,129 

922 

1,764 
287 
465 
540 

2,465 

326 
1, 102 

23,375 

1,102 
10, 103 

499 

6,725 

4,844 
200 
4tX) 
240 
500 




Switzerland, 100 per 

cer.t. 
Germany, 100 per cenf , 




Benio Bordeaux 


£636.22 




Benzo Bordeaux OB 


By 




Ben.'o Bordeaux 6B 






Benzo Chiouie Blue B'ack B 


Do 




Beiizo Chrome Brown 


3, 595. 97 


Do. 




Beuzo Chrome Brown C R 


By 
By 












Benzo Chrome Browu 3R 








Do. 




Beuzo Fast Black 


10, 907. 46 
2,789.60 


Do. 






By 
K 












Ben/.o Fast Black L 






Benzo Fast Blue 


Do. 




Benzo Fg^t Blue G 


By 

By 

By 






Benzo Fast Blue FFL 






Benzo Fast Bordeaux 6BL 


Do. 




Benzo Fast Browu 3GL 




Do. 




Beuzo Fast Eosine BL 




Do. 




Benzo Fast Heliotrope 


2, 770. 33 
1,998.94 


Do. 




Beuzo Fast Heliotrope B L 

Benzo Fast Heliotrope 4BL 

Benzo Fast Heliotrope 2RL 

Benzo Fast Orange 


By 

Bv 
By 


Do. 




Benzo Fast Orange 2RL 


By 
By 

By 

By 












Benzo Fast Scarlet 4FB 


Do. 




Benzo Na^'y Blue B 




Do. 




Ben7,oRedl2B 




Do. 




Benzo Rhoduliue Red 




Do. 




Benzo Rhoduliue Red B 


Sy 

By 
BK 
BK 

By 








Benzo RhoduLLne 3B 








Do. 




Benzoin Bine Black RH, 150 per cent. 
Brilliant Be.izo G''eeu B 




Do. 






Do. 




Brilliant Bor.zo Violet 




Do 




Brilliant Benzo Violet B 


By 

By 


7, 629. 88 






Brilliant Benzo Violet 2R 

Brilliant Fast Blue 


Do. 




Brilliant Fast Blue B 


M 

K 
By 

Sy 

K 
By 

By 






Brillian t Fast Blue B 






Brilliant Fa.st Blue B Cone 

Brilliaut Fast Blue B Cone. 50 

percent. 
Bi iUiaiit Fast Blue 3BX 






Brillian I Fast Blue 2G 






Brilliant P'ast Blue 2G 






Brilliant Fast Blue 2G Cone 

Brilliant Fast Blue 2G Cone. 60 
percent. 
BriUianl Pky Blue8G Extra 


Do. 




Chicago Red 




Switzerland, 100 per 




Chicago Red 


G 
G 


79,104.66 


cent. 




Ch icai?o Ked 1 1 1 






Chloraminc Brilliant Red 


Do. 




Chloramine Brilliant Red 8B 

Chloramiue Brilliant RedSB Cone. 
Chloramine Brilliant Red SB 
Cone. Pure. 
Chloramine Brown 2R 


S 
S 

s 
s 


Do. 




Chloramine Red 


7,985.15 


Germany, 100 percent. 




Chloramine Red 8BS 


k 
By 






Chloramine Red SBS 






Chloramiue \'iolcl 


Do. 




Chloramine Violet FFB 


gy 

By 
BD 
BD 
RlIS 

A 

A 

I 








Chloramine Violet R 






Chlorazol Brown G 


England, 100 per cent. 


\ 


Chlorazol Park Green PL, 




Do. 


\ 


Chlorazol Pink R 




Do. 




Columbia Brown RK 




Germany, lOO per cent. 


}, 


"Columbia Fast Black G Extra 

C uprani te Brown G 




Do. 






Switzerland, 100 per 








cent. 



92 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 



Table 18. — Iw/ports of dyes during the calendar year 1920 — Continued. 
UNIDENTIFIED DIRECT COLORS— Continued. 



Name of dye. 



Cutch Brown 2R. 



Diamine Azo Blue R 

Diamine Bordeaux S 

Diamine Cateehine 

Diamine Cateehine B. 

Diamine Cateehine G 

Diamine Fast Blue 

Diamine Fast Blue FFB 

Diamine Fast Blue FFB 

Diamine Fast Bordeaux 6BS 

Diamine Fast Brown 

Diamine Fast Brown G 

Diamine Fast Brown R 

Diamine Fast Gray BN 

Diamine Fast Orange 

Diamine Fast Orange EG 

Diamine Fast Orange ER 

Diamine Fast Scarlet 

Diamine Fast Scarlet 8BN 

Diamine Fast Scarlet lOBF 

Diamine Fast Scarlet GG 

Diamine Fast Violet FFBN 

Diamine Orange 

Diamine Orange B 

Diamine Orange F 

Diamine Orange G 

Diamine Violet Red 

Diamine Violet Red 

Diamine Violet Red K Extra 

Diamineral Blue C VB 

Dianil Brown 3G0 

Dianil Light Red 8BW 

Dianol Dark Blue B 

Dianol Fast Blue 2B 

Dianol Fast Red 

Dianol Fast Red K 

Dianol Fast Red K 

Dianol Fast Yellow ARX 

Dianol Violet R 

Diazan il Pink B 

Diazanil Scarlet B 

Diazamine Fast Orange 

Diazo Bordeaux 

Diazo Brilliant Green 3G 

Diazo Brilliant Orange 

Diaj-.o Brilliant Orange GR Extra. 

Diazo Brilliant Orange 5G Extra.. 
Diazo Brilliant Scarlet 

Diazo Brilliant Scarlet 3B Extra. . 

Diazo Brilliant Scarlet 6B Extra. . 

Diazo Brilliant Scarlet Extra BA . 

Diazo Brilliant Scarlet Extra 3B A 

Diazo Brilliant Scarlet 2BL Extra 
Cone. 

Diazo Brilliant Scarlet 5BL 

Diazo Brilliant Scarlet C! Extra.. 

Diazo Brilliant ROR Extra 

Diazo Brilliant S4B 

Diazo Bordeaux 7B 

Diazo Brown 

Diazo Brown 3G 

Diazo Brown 3RB 

Diazo Fast B ordeaux 

Diazo Fast Bordeaux BL 

Diazo Fast Bordeaux BL 

Diazo Fast Red 

Diazo Fast Red 5BL 

Diazo Fast Red 7BL 

Diazo Fast Violet 

Diazo Fast Violet B L 

Diazo Fast Violet BL 

Diazo Fast Violet 3RL 

Diazo Fast Yellow 

Diazo Fast Yellow (J 

Diazo Fast Yellow 2G 

Diazo Fast Ycllov/ R , 



Manufac- 
turer. 



C 
C 

c 

M 
M 
BD 
BD 



Lev 
BD 
BD 
BD 

M 
M 
Q 

§y 

By 



By 
By 



By 

gy 

By 
By 

By 

gy 
gy 

By 

By 



By 
By 




Imports. 



Quan- 
tity. 



Pounds. 

4,069 

102 

761 
906 



11,617 



399 
3,900 



1,678 
299 



652 



108 
1,100 



51 

200 

4 

5,526 

4,480 

1,620 



1,115 
600 
420 
100 

1,198 

902 

2 

116 



8,201 



181 
937 



1,421 
520 
489 

185 



Invoice 
value. 



S19,993.2;5 



3, 359. 28 



1, 469. 15 



5, 036. 78 



3,986.39 



1,178.50 



298. 37 



Countries of origin (per- 
centage of quantity). 



Switzerland, 100 per 

cent. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 

Do. 

Do. 



J 



Do. 



Do. 
Do. 



Do. 
Do. 



Do. 



Do. 
Do. 



Do. 



Do. 
Do. 
Do. 

Engjand, 100 per cent. 
Do. 
Do. 



Do. 
Do. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 
Do. _ 

Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 



Do. 



Do. 
Do. 



Do. 
Do, 
Do. 

Do. 



DYES IMPORTED IN 1920. 



93 



Table 18. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year ^9fO^Coutinued. 
UNIDENTIFIED DIRECT COLORS— Continued. 



Name of dye. 



Manutec- 
turcr. 



Imports. 



Quan- 
tity. 



Countries of origin (per- 



Invoice ' centage of quantity), 
value. 



Diazo Gerauine B Extra 

Diazo Indigo Blue 

Diazo Indigo Blue 4GL. 

Diazo Indigo Blue 4GL. 

Diazo Olive G 

Diazo Rubine 

Diazo Rubine B 

Diazo Rubine B Cone . . 
Diazo Sky Blue 

Diazo Sky Blue B 

Diazo Sky Blue 3G 

Diazo Sky Blue 3G 

Diazo Yellow R 

Diphenyl Violet B VC 



Direct Blue BXR , 

Direct Brown 

Direct Brown G , 

Direct Brown 3GNC 

Direct Fast Green B 

Direct Fast Yellow CR 

Direct Pure Blue 400 per cent 

Direct Violet B 

Heligoland Blue 6B 

Naphtbamine Fast Black VG Cone. 30 
per cent. 

Naphtbamine Fast Green B 

Naphtbamine Violet O 

Naphthogon Blue 

Napbtbogen Blue BM 

Naphthogen Blue QR 

Naphthogeii 4R 

Oxamine Black , 

Oxamine Black BB 

CTxamine BBN 

Oxamine BX 

Oxamine Brown . , 

Oxamine Brown 3G 

Oxamine Brown GX 

Oxamine Brown 3GX 

Oxamine Fast Blue 6BX 

Oxamine Fast Pink 

Oxamine Fast Pink BNE 

Oxamine Fast Pink BX 

Oxamine Fast Pink BX Cone 

Oxamine Light Blue B 

Oxamine Light Brown 

Oxamine Light Brown G 

Oxamine Light Brown R 

Oxamine Pure Blue 5BN 

Oxamine Yellow 3G 

Oxydiamine Black SOOO 

OxydiamLiie Brown RN 

Oxydiaminogen 

Oxydiaminogen ED 

Oxydiaminogen OB 

Pluto Black G 

Pluto Brown 

Pluto Brown GG 

Pluto Brown R 

Polyphenyl Orange 

Polvphonyl Orange RC 

Pol^libenyl Orange SF 

Polyphenyl Orange SP 

Pyrazol Orange G 

Rosanthrene 

Rosanthrene R Paste 

Rosanthrene R 

Rosanthrene R Paste 

Rosanthrene Bordeaux . . 

Rosanthrene Bordeaux B 

Rosanthrene Bordeaux B Paste. . 
Thional Yellow B 



By 



K 
By 
By 



By 



By 
K 

^G^ 



C 
C 

By 



By 



Pounds. 

804 
276 



4 
1,356 



3,014 



2 
220 

1,102 
3,880 



110 
1,729 
2,204 

992 
1,102 
1,124 

649 

600 

5,484 



791 



650 



112 
413 



525 
400 



287 

40 

1,250 

203 

524 



448 
498 



1,724 



24, 329 
1,501 



1,502 
4C3 



i Germany, 100 per cent. 

§1,095.50 1 Do. 



Do. 
Do. 



3, 854. 03 



2,453.94 



1,542.13 



954.69 



340. 51 



674.00 



1,904.1*1 



3, 009. 20 



Do. 



Do. 

Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 
Do. 
Do. 



Do. 

Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 

Do. 

Do. 



Do. 



Do. 



Do. 
Do. 



Do. 
Do. 



Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 



Do. 
Do. 



Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 



Do. 
Do. 



Do. 
Do. 



94 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAH CHEMICALS. 



Table IS. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1920 — Contiaued. 
UNIDENTIFIED DIRECT COLORS— Continued. 



Name of dye. 



Toluy Icne Yellow 

Toluy !eno Yellow G 

Toluylene Yellow G 

Toluylene Yellow G Cone. 

Triazol Bordeaux B 

Triazol Bvovm SOOO : . . 

Trisulphcn Bronze B 



Zambesi Black 

Zambesi Black D. 

Zambesi Black V . 
Zambesi Rubine B . . . 



.Manufac- 
turer. 



Bv 
K 
By 
GrE 
GrE 
S 



Import. s. 



Quan- 
tity. 



Pounds. 
l,2iil 



m 

2, 504 
661 

41, WO 
333 



Invoice 

value. 



SI, 742. 51 



Countries of origin (per- 
centage of quantity). 



Germany, 100 per cent. 



Do. 

Do. 
Switzerland, 100 per 

cent. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 



Do. 



UNIDENTIFIED VAT COLORS. 



Algol Brown 

Algol Brown G Powder 

Algol Brown R Powder 

Algol Yellow 3GL Powder 

(^hloranthrone Bordeaux R Paste 

Cibauon Green 

Cibanou Green B 

Cibanon Green B Paste, 10 per 
cent. 
Helindone Black for Printing, Paste.. 

Heliudone Fast Scarlet B Powder 

Helindone Red BB 

Helindone Yellow C AK Powder 

Indauthrene Blue 

Indantbrene Blue RC Powder 

Indanthreue Blue RZ Triple 
Powder. 
Indanthreue Bluish Green 

Indanthreue Bluish Green BN 

Indanthreue Bluish Green BN 

Paste fSandfvee) 

Indanthreue Brown 

Indanthrone Brown B B Paste 

Indauthrene Brown RR Paste 

Indanthrone Brown 3R Pa.ste 

IndanthreneBrownSR Paste Fine 
Indauthrene pink 

Indanthreue Pink BI^ Powder 

Indanthrene Pink BS Powder 

Indauthrene lYintiug Black BGN 
Paste. 

Indigo Scarlet S Paste 

Indauthrene Violet 

Indanthrene Violet BN Paste 
fine. 

Indanthrene Violet BN Extra 
Paste. 

Indanthrene Violet BN Extra 
Paste (Sandtree). 

Thio Indigo Violet R Paste 

Thio Indigo Yellow O W 

VatViobt 

Vat Violet B 

Vat Violet R Paste 

Vat Yellow R Paste 



By 
By 
BD 



33 

10 

1.645 



154 

40 

1,000 

121 

107 



101 



4,202 



231 
4, 843 



100 
340 
330 



$2,248.49 



3,460.48 



273.24 



3,062.89 



5,087.99 



2,800.00 



Germany, 100 per cent. 



Do. 
England, 100 per cent. 
Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 



Germany, 100 per cent. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 



Do. 



Do. 



Do. 



Do. 



Do. 
Do. 



Do. 
Do. 



UNIDENTIFIED ACID COLORS. 



Acetyl Red BB 

Acid Blue 

Acid Blue AS Cone. 

Adid Blue BS Couc. 

Acid BlueRBS.. .. 

Acid Bordeaux 



B 



BK 

BK 

I 

S 



402 
480 



220 



S766. 64 



Germany, 100 per cent. 
Gernianv, 58 per cent; 

Switzerland, 42 per 

cent. 



Switzerland, 
cent. 



100 per 



DYES IMPORTED IN 1920. 



95 



Table 13. — Lnporls of dyes durin<j the calendar year 1920 — ContLaued. 
UNIDEXTIFIED ACID COLORS— Contiaued. 



Namo of dye. 



Acid Green 

Acid Green 

Acid Green CD 

Acid Marine Blue Bil. 



Manufac- 
turer. 



Acid Milling Black B 

Acid Rhodamine 

Acid Rhodamine 

Acid Rhodamine B 

Acid Rhodamine BG 

Acid Rhodamine E 

Acid Rhodamine 3R 

Acid Violet 

Acid Violet -IRN 

Acid Violet 4R0 

Acid Violet 3BX0X Y 

Alkali Blue 

Alkali Blue 4BE 

Alkali Blue 2G 

AlkaU Blue 2R 

Alkali Fast Green 

Alkali Fast G reen 3B 

Alkali Fast Green 3B 

Alkali Fast Green 3G 

Amine Black Green B 

AntUra Cyanino 

Anthia Cyauine FL cone. 50 per 
cent. 

Anthra Cyanine FL cone. 60 per 
cent. 

Anthra Cyanine 3FL 

Anthra Cyanine 3FL couc. 40 per 
cent. 

Araido Napthol Black 3BL 

Anthosine 

Anthosino SB 

Anthosine 5B 

Azo and Black 3BL Extra 

Azo Geranine 

Azo Orseille KWS 

Azo Dark Green A 



Azo Rhodine 

Azo RhodiJie 2G 

Aso llhodineOB 

Azo Wool Violet 7B 

Blue 

BliieBSIC 

BiueBS ICoo 

Brilliant Add Blue 

Bril iant Acid Blue CB 

Brilliant Acid Blue CB 

Brilliant Anthrazurol 

Brillia:it Milling Blue B 

Brilliant Fast Red L, 125 per cent. 

Brilliant ililUng Red R 

Brilliant Silk Blue lOB 

BrilUant Sulphon Red lOB 



Brilliant yellow. 



Durasol Acid Blue B 

Erio Fast FuchsineBBL 



Erio Violet 

Erio Violet BC 

Erio Violet RL Supra 

Fast Acid Cyanii-e 

Fast Acid Cyanine G R 

Fast Acid Cyanine 5R 

Fast Acid Green 

Fast Acid Green BB 

Fast Acid Green BB Extra. 
Fast Acid Marine Blue HBBX. 

Fast Brilliant Scarlet iB 

FormylBlueBX 



il 

M 
DH 



By 
K 

Bv 
A" 



By 

By 

Bv 
By 

M 



B 

Q 
M 
BD 



GrE 
GrE 



By 

K 
B 
C 

BK 
C 
A 

S 



BD 
G 



Bv 

By 



Quan- 
tity. 



Pounds. 
1,055 



22 

2,094 
975 



113 



796 



1,085 



200 
289 



3,000 
116 



3, 4S0 

1,120 

5 

1,918 

2,867 



99 
1,454 



342 



11 

851 

155 

90 

U 



Invoice 
value. 



S2,971. 8.J 



546.83 



2, 572. 8S 



Countries of origin (per- 
centage of quantity). 



827,77 



399.29 



837.94 



Germany, l;X) per cent. 



Switzerland, 100 per 

cent. 
Do. 
Germany, 55 per cent; 

Switzerland^ 40 per 

cent; all other, 5 per 

cent. 



Germany, 90 per cent: 
ai! other, 10 per cent. 



Germany, 100 per cent. 



Do. 



Do. 
Do. 



Do. 
Do. 



Do. 

England, 100 per cent. 

Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 
Do. 



Germany, 100 per cent. 
Do. 



Do. 



Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 



1,655 I Switzerland, 100 per 

cent. 
220 ' I Do. 

England, 100 per cent. 
Switzerland, ICO per 
cent. 
Do. 



Germany, 100 per cent. 

Da 

Do. 
Da 




500 

1,300 

203 



96 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 



Table 18. — Inports of dyes during the calendar year 1920 — ■Continued. 
UNIDENTIFIED ACID COLORS— Continued. 



Name of dye. 



Guinea Fast Red 

Guinea Fast Red 

Guinea Fast Red 2R. 

Guinea Fast Yellow 3G.. . 

Ink Blue BJTBNoo 

Kiton Pure Blue V 



Kiton Fast Yellov/ S 

Kiton YeUow S .' 

Marigold Acid Yellow 

Methyl Soluble Blue 3S cone 

MilUng Red 4B A 

Milling Yellow 

Milling Yellow O 

Milling Yellow GO 

Milling Yellow GA 

Milling Yellow 3G 

Milling Yellow 3G, 200 per cent... 

Naphthalene Black 12B 

Naphthalene Blue B 

Naphthamino Fast Brown BL 

Naphthylaminc Black S 

Navy Blue 

Navy Blue A 

Navy Blue KWSG 

Navy Blue KWSR 

New Fast Red GGL cone 

Nitro orange 

Nitro orange OT , 115 per cent 

Nitro orange RRconc.,110per cent. 

Orange RT Paste 

Palatine Light Yellow R 

Patent Blue 

Patent Blue E 

Patent Blue A JI 

Patent Blue H Superfine 

Patent Pure Blue O . , 

Polar Red G Cone : 



Resorctn Havana Brown , 

Scarlet Z 

Special Blue G 

Sulphon Acid Green B 

Sulphon Orange G , 

Sulphon Yellow , 

Sulphon YeUow5G 

Sulphon Yellow R 

Victoria Fast Violet 

Victoria Fast Violet B Extra 

Victoria Fast Violet 2R Extra 

Victoria Navy Blue 

Victoria Navy Blue B 

Victoria Navy Blue B 

Wool Black 

Wool Black 6BA , 

Wool Black D Extra 100 per cent. 

Wool Black 3R Extra , 

Wool Blue RL , 



Wool Fast Blue , 

Wool Fast Blue B L 

Wool Fast Blue GL 

Wool Fast Violet 

Wool Fast Violet B 

Wool Fast Violet B Cone 

Wool Fast Violet B Cone. 50 per 
cent. 

Wool Green N.B 

Wool Violet R 

Xylene Fast Green B , 



Xylene Light Green 

Xylene Light Green B . . 
Xylene Light Green 2B. 



Manufac- 
turer. 



A 
A 
A 
GrE 
I 

I 
I 
Q 
B 
A 



C 

c 

A 

C 

C 

BD 

M 
K 
C 



I 
C 

c 

BK 



BK 
BK 

B 

B 



M 
M 
M 
M 
G 

BK 

BK 

B 

gy 

By 



By 



By 



By 
K 



CG 
CG 

CG 
G 



gy 

By 



By 

Q 
K 

S 



Imports. 



Quan- 
tity. 



Pounds. 
300 



150 

29 

247 

441 
1,001 
100 
100 
100 
340 



2,240 
300 
229 
914 

1,181 



1,598 
662 



77 

88 

750 



51 
1,653 

441 
1,186 
194 
101 
99 
234 



2,167 
4,601 
3,527 

3,197 
3,544 

498 



2,310 

145 

12,767 



Invoice 
value. 



$81.00 



1, 928. 91 



657. 95 



5, 886. 51 
1, 500. 60 



1,111.78 



Countries of origin (per- 
centage of quantity). 



Germany, 100 per cent. 



Do. 
Do. 
Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 
Do. 
Do. 

Germany, 100 per cent- 
Do. 
Do. 



{ 



England, 100 per cent. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 

Do. 

Do. 
Germany, 34 per cent. 
Switzerland, 66 per 
cent. 

Germany, 100 per cent. 
Do. 



Do. 
Da 
Dot 



Do. 

Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 

Germany, 100 per cent. 
Do. 
Do. 

Do. _ 

Do. % 

Do. I 



Do. 
Do. 
Do. 



Switzerland, 100 per 

cent. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 



Do. 



Do. 
Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 
Do. 



UNIDENTIFIED SULPHUR COLORS. 



Cross Dye Green I 

Cross Dye Green B BD 

Cross Green 2G cone BD 



15, 898 



England, 100 per cent. 



DYES IMPORTED IK 1920. 



97 



Table IS. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1920 — Continued. 
UNIDENTIFIED SULPHUR COLORS— Continued 



Name of ave. 



Cross Dye YcEow 

Cross Dye Yellow 

Cross Dye Yellow Y. 
Eclipse Brown 

Eclipse Brown B Iv . . 

Eclipse Brown 3GK. 
Immedial Direct Blue B. 

T m m edial Olive B 

Immedial Purple C 

Ingrosine Base M 

Pyrazol Orange G 



ilanufac- 
turer. 



Sulphur Green 

Sulphur Green B 

Sulphur Green 2G Cone 

Sulphur Yellow 

Thiogene New Blue 2RL 

Thionol Biilliant Blue 

Thionol Brilliant Blue 6B 

Thionol Brilliant Blue 6B Cone. 
Pure. 

Thionol BrilUant Blue 6B Cone. 
Thionol Brilliant Green 

Thionol Brilliant Green 4GX 

Thionol BriUiant Green 4GK. . . . 
Thionol Brilliant Yellow 

Thionol BrilUant Yellow G 

Thionol BriUiant YeUow GG 

Thionol Brov/n 

Thionol Brown GD 

Thionol Brown P 

Thionol Brown R 

Thionol Corinth RBX 

Thionol Green D V 

Thionol Orange 

Thionol Orange G 

Thionol Orange O 

Thionol YoUow 

Thionol Yellow C 

Thionol Yellow G 

Thionol YeUow O Cone 

Thionol YeUow 3RD 

Thionine Green 2G 

Thionone Corinth B Cone 



BD 
BD 



BD 
BD 
BD 
M 



BD 
BD 



BD 
BD 
BD 
BD 
BD 



S 
S 

s 

BD 

Q 

RHS 



Imports. 



Qnan- Invoice 
tity. valiie. 



Pounds. 
7,670 



8,377 



450 

201 

99 

1,000 

no 

1,716 



13, 14-1 

245 

8,158 



26,806 

771 

8,916 



4,268 

24, 040 

3,003 



16, 747 
500 



S5, 631. 02 



3,542.72 



Conntriesof origin (per- 
centage of quantity). 



50, OSS. 00 



England, 100 per cent. 



Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 

Germany, 100 per cent. 
Do. 
Do. 

Switzerland, 100 per 

cent. 
England, 100 per cent. 



Do. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 
Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 



England, 100 per cent- 



Switzerland, 100 j)er 
cent. 

England, 100 pep cent. 



Do. 
Do. 
Switzerland, 100 pw 
cent. 

England, 80 per cent; 
Switzerland, 20 per 
cent. 



England, 100 per cent- 



UNIDENTIFIED MORDANT AND CHROME COLORS. 



Acid /Uizarin Blue Black A 

Acid Alizarin Black 

Acid AUzarin Black EN 

Acid Alizarin Black ENT Cone. 

Acid Alizarin Black SET Paste. 

Acid Alizarin Grey G 

Acid Chrome Violet 

Acid Chrome Violet B 

Acid Chrome Violet B 

Acid Milling Red 

Acid MiUing Red G 

Acid MilUng Red G Cone 

Alizarin Claret 

AUzarin Claret 100 per cent 

Alizarin Claret R Paste 

AUzarin Claret R Powder 

AUzarin Cyanino Green 3G Powder. 
AUzarin Cyanole 

AUzarin Cyanole EF 

AUzarin Cyanole SR 

AUzarin Delphlnol 

AUzarin Delphinol BS 

AUzarin Delpliinol SE 

AU.!.ariii Delphinol Blue SE. . . . 
Alizarin Emoraldole 

AUzarin Emoraldole G 

Alizarin Emcraldole G Powder. 

Alizarin Emeraldole G Powder. 

5555S°— I'l— No. 23 7 



By 
K 



M 
M 
M 
By 



BD 

BD 

Q 



K 
K 

By 



60 
3,650 



8,551 
399 



2,293 
276 



1,179 
16 



1,398.33 



Germany, 100 per cent. 
Do. 



Do. 
Do. 



Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 

Germany, 100 per cent. 



Do. 
Do. 



Germany, 97 per cent; 
all other, 3 per cent. 



Germany, 100 per cent. 



^8 



CENSUS OF DYES AND GOAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 



Table 18.- — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1920 — Continued. 
UNIDENTIFIED MORDANT AND CHROME COLORS— Continued. 



Name of dye. 



Alizarin Rubinol 3 G Powder 

Alizarin Sapliirole WSA Powder. . . . 

Alizarin Sky Blue 3R Powder 

Alizarin Uranol 2B Powder 

Anthracene Blue ' 

Anthracene Blue SWB 

Anthracene SWB Powder 

Anthracen e Blue Black C 

Anthracene Brown WLP Paste 

Anthracene Chromate Black LC 

Anthracyanine 

Anthracyanine FL 

Anthracyanine FL Cone 

Anthracyanine FL Cone. 60 per 
cent. 

Anthracyanine 3FL 

Anthracyanine 3FL Cone 

Brilliant Alizarin Cyanine 

Brilliant Alizarin Cyanine 3G 
Paste. 

Brilliant Alizarin Cyanine 3G 
Powder. 
Brilliant Alizarin Viridine F Paste. . 
Brilliant Anthrazurol 

Brilliant Anthrazurol , 

Brilliant Anthrazurol Powder 

Brilliant Chrome Blue P , 



Brilliant Phosphine R 

Chromazurine 

Chromaznrine C 

Chromazurine E Powder 

Chromazurine G Powder 

Chrome Black PV 

Chrome Brilliant Blue G 

Chrome Brown R V V 

Chromochlorinc GRR Powder 

Chromophenine FKN Powder 

Clirome Red B 

Chromorhodine 

Chromorhodine B Powder 

Chromorhodine R Powder 

Chrome Vioiet CG Powder 

Chrome Yellow BN 

Erio Chrome Red PEI 

Erio Chrome Violet B 

Fast Mordant Blue B 

Gallo Violet D 

Meta Chrome Blue Black 

Meta Chi-ome Blue Black 2BX . 

Meta Chrome Blue Black R. . . 

Meta Chrome Olive B . . . .- 

Meta Chrome Yellow YDC 

Mordant >'ellow G 

New Gallophenine 

New Gallo])henine R 

New Gallophenine R 

Omega Chrome Brown 

Omega Chrome Brown CPM . . . 

Omega Chrome Brown PB 

Omega Chrome Brown P 

Omega Chrome Red B 

Palatine Chrome Brown RX 

Salicine Chrome Red EX 

Ultra Orange R 



Violet au Chrome GG Powder. 



Maiiufac^ 
turer 



By 

By 

By 



B 
B 

M 

BD 

C 



K 
K 
By 

K 
By 



By 
By 
By 



DH 

DH 

DH 

G 

G 

Q 

DH 
DH 

S 



DH 

DH 

DH 

G 

G 
G 
M 
By 



By 

K 



R 
S 

s 
s 

B 

K 

S 

DH 



Quan- 
tity. 



Pmtnda. 
476 
S94 
112 
64 
354 



500 
634 
110 

8,189 



1,867 



615 
6S 



220 



331 

772 



2,205 
1,653 
661 
110 
661 
441 
441 



110 

2, 205 

441 

9,4S1 

600 

51 

2,267 



2,242 
100 
150 
398 



11,861 



661 

4 

66 

110 

220 



Invoice 
value. 



810,071.45 



Countries of origin (per- 
centage of quantity). 



2,844.53 



11,510.09 



Germany, 100 per cent 
Do." 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 



Do. 
England, 100 per cent. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 

Do. 



Do. 



Do. 

Gsi-maiiy, 84 per cent; 
all other, 16 per cent. 

Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 
Do. 
Do. 



Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 



Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 

Germany, 100 per cent. 
Do. 
Do. 



Do. 



Do. 
Do. 



Switzerland, 100 per 

cent. 



Do. 

Germany, 100 per cent 

Do. 
Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 

Do. 



I 



DYES IMPORTED IN 1920. 



99 



Table 18. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1920 — Oontiniied. 

UNIDENTIFIED BASIC COLORS. 



Schnltz 
No. 



Name of dye. 



Diazine Red 

Cartamine DD 

I.samiii e Blue 8B 

Para Phosphine G 

Rhodamine 7GN Extra 

Rhodiilinc Heliotrope 

Rhodiiliiie Heliotrope B . . 

Rhoduliiie Heliotrope B.. 

Rhoduline Heliotrope 3B . 

Rosalone B Cone 

Rosazeiiie 6G Extra 

Tannin Yellow G E 

Turquoise Blue BR 



Manufac- 
turer. 



M 

l^ 
By 

M 

M 

Q 
By 



Imports. 



Quan- 
tity. 



Pounds. 

100 

3,653 

50 

220 

42 

102 



15 
40 
125 
31 



Invoice 
value. 



«2S9. 10 



Countries of origin (per- 
centage of quintity). 



Germany, 100 per cent. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 



Do. 
Do. 



Do. 



UNIDENTIFIED DYES FOR COLOR LAKES. 



BriUiant Lake Blue G Extra 
Helio Bordeaux BL Powder. 
Helio Fast Blue B L Cone . . . 
Lithol Fast Orange R Paste. 



By 


498 


By 


500 


By 


6,199 


B 


710 



Germany, 100 per cent. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 



UNIDENTIFIED UNCLASSIFIED COLORS. 



Alkaline Blue BB 

Ajiilliie Dyes , 

BistreT 

Brown No. 4 

CoroleneBT Cone 

Chargee Blue OB 

Oris Moderne RC 

Gris Moderne RC Powder. 



Japan Black B Ex 

Leather Black BO Lumps. 
Metaniine Brown 



Parasulphone Brown G 

Parasulphone Browii V. . 

Peacock Blue 

Sapphire Blue 

Sapphire Blue R 

Sapphire Blue 3 R 

Sulfonine Blue 5R Extra 

Tartraphenine 

Tartraphonine 

Tartraphenine Cone pure. 
Tessamine Green B 



M 
Q 
Q 

M 
DH 
DH 

B 
B 

S 

S 

s 
Q 



DH 
DH 

S 



s 

Q 
BD 



780 

250 

2, 755 

1,764 

25 

500 

1,323 

146 

110 

2, 090 

681 

1,182 
44 



441 
1,051 



120 



962. 76 



Germany, 100 per cent. 



Do. 
Do. 
Do. 

Switzerland, 100 per 

cent. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 

Do. 
Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 
Do. 



Do. 



Do. 

Switzerland, 32 per 
cent; all other, 68 per 
cent. 

England, 100 per cent. 



Part IV 



APPENDIX 

STATISTICS OF IMPORTS AND EXPORTS 

DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS OF COAL-TAR 
PRODUCTS 



101 



I 



PART IV. 
STATISTICS OF IMPORTS AND EXPORTS. 

Table 19. — Imports of coal-tor products entered for consuraption, 1917 to 1020. 

[Act of Sept. S, 1916.] 
GROUP I, CRUDE (FREE). 



Calendar years. 



lOi; 



191S 



Quantity. 



Acids, carbolic, which on 
beini^ subjected to distil • 
latiou yield in the por- 
tion distilling l)elow 200° 
C. a quantity of tar acids 
less than 5 percent of orig- 
inal distillate. . .pounds.. 

Anthracene oil gallons. . 

Benzol pounds. . 

Cresol do 

Dead or creasote oil, 
gallons 

Naptith;dene having a so- 
lidifying point less than 
79° C pounds. . 

Pyridine and quinoline, 
pounds 

Coal tar, crude. . . .barrels. . 

Pitch, coal tar do 

Metacresol, orthocresol, 'I 
and paracresol — purity 
less than 90 per cent, 
pounds 

Toluol pounds. . 

Xylol do 

All other products found 
naturally in coal tar 
whether produced or ob- 
tained from coal tar or 
other sources, n. s. p. f., 
pounds 

All other distillates, which 
on being subjected to 
distillation yield in the 
portion distilling below 
200° C. a ciuantity of tar 
acids less tiian 5 per cent 
of the original distillate, 
pounds 

Anthracene, purity less 
than25r)ercent..iiounds. . 

Accnaplitncnp,ciiniol Ihio- 
rcnc, inethylanthrafTDo 
and methyliiaphthalcnc, 
pounds 

Carbazol, purity loss than 
25 per cent pounds . . 



151,254 

61,200 

, 598, 733 

,665,442 



5,206,980 

12,247 
6, 780 
5,926 



20, 70S 
' 9,' 332 



(') 

(') 
(') 



Value. 



.?9, 894 

3, 105 

341, im 

532, 529 

786, 638 



1,480 
10, 745 
12, 039 



Quantity. 



2,928 



1,502 



(') 



155, 236 



Value. 



Quantity. 



$17,260 1,96.5,289 

I 18,699 

2,673,855 87, S?* 217,865 
8,873,271 779,045 6,43.5, &50 

I 
1 , 545, 247 162, 869 1 1 , 26S,.379 



3, 902, 731 

9,237 
13, 087 
14, 029 



130,098 3,239,256 



1,036 
21,200 
29, 095 



165, OCA 

22,339 

3, 364 



11,200 
1.195.706, 



Value. 



8187,788 
3,994 
5,617 



1920 



Quantity. 



192, 632 

15, 0.54 

486, 619: 



S19, 818 
3,916 
10, 8S8 
901,381 



557,21410,318,070, 
' I ' ' 1 
1, 374, 217 18,427, 152 3, 79 i, 3';9 

92,265 1.5,012,01)6' 53:1,219 



20,543 

3S,476 

8,598 



1,221 
30,768 



863, 456| 
11,901' 

8, 780 



16.8,800 
24,140 
2), 022 



2,756! 380,525 6,334' 240,0:;6 14,040 



10,473 
5 



1(H, .568 
82,669 



15, 75. 
* 112 




> Imports not available by calendar year. 



103 



104 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 



Table 19. — Imports of coal-tar ■products entered for consumption, 1917 to 1920 — Con, 
GROUP II (DUTIABLE AT 15 PER CENT PLUS 2i CENTS PER POUND). 



Article and years. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Duty. 


Actual 
and com- 
puted ad- 
valorem 

rate. 


Not colors, dyes or stains, photographic chemicals, medic- 
inals, flavors, or explosives, and n. s. p. f.: 
Acids— 

Amidosaiicylic— 

1917 


Pounds. 






Per cent. 


1918 










1919 










1920 


11,199 

4,653 

1,791 

63 

250 

30,676 
148,261 


88, 182 

20,539 

14,060 

374 

1,087 

4,954 
47,085 


31,507 

3,190 

2,154 

58 

169 

1,510 
10, 769 


18 42 


Benzoic — 

1917 


15 53 


1918 


15 32 


1919 


15 42 


1920 


15. 58 


CarboUc( phenol Uvhich on being subjected to dis- 
tillation yields in the portion distilling below 
200° C . a quantity of tar acids equal to or more 
. than 5 per cent of the original distillate— 
^- .! Crystal— 

1917 


30.48 


1918 


22. 87 


1919 . 




';•. .^' I 1920.. . 










V- ''. Liquid— 

1917 


314, 585 

134,406 

2,061 

1,040 

26,273 
117 


24,246 

15,186 

264 

244 

23, 575 
112 


11,502 

6,638 

91 

63 

4,193 

20 


47.44 


1918 


37.13 


1919 


34.62 


- ■ 1920 


25.66 


Salicylic — 

1917 


17.79 




17.62 


1919 




1920 










Amidonaphthol— 

1917 










1918 










1919.... 


150 


72 


15 


20.21 


1920 




Amidophenol— 

1917 




















1919 


1,028 


2,417 


3S8 


16.03 


1920 




Anihne oil— 










1918 




















1920 


220 


72 


16 


22.04 


Amline salt— 

1917 




1918 


21,273 


3,250 


1,019 


31.36 


1919 




1920 


4 


1 


.25 


25.00 


Anthracene , purity of 25 per cent or more — 
1917 




1918 










1919 


51,895 
648,095 


8,011 
87,413 


2,499 
29,314 


31.19 


1920 


33.54 


1917 . . 














1919 


3,147 
13,053 


2,643 
5,612 


375 
1,168 


14.20 




20.82 


Benzaldehyde— 




1918 










1919 


24,472 
9,479 

5 


17,790 
6,928 

7 


3,280 
1,126 

1 


18.44 


1920 


19.00 


1917 


16.86 






1919 


1,000 
150 

01,632 

22,635 

6,896 

4,692 


430 
22 

10,471 
3,333 
1,331 
1,216 


90 

7 

3,111 

1,0G6 

372 

300 


20.81 




32.05 


Binitrotoluol — 


29.71 


1918 


31.98 


1919 


27.95 


1920 


24.64 



APPEXDIX. 



105 



Table 19. — Imports of coal-tar products entered for consumption, 1917 to 1920 — Con. 
GROUP II (DUTIABLE AT 15 PER CENT PLUS 2^ CENTS PER POUND)— ContiBued. 



Article and years. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Duty. 


Actual 
and com- 
puted ad- 
valorem 
rate. 


Notcolors, dyes or stains, photographic chemicals, medic- 
inals, flavors, or explosives, and n. s. p. f.— Continued. 
Carbazol, purity of 25 per cent or more— 

1917 .. 


Pounds. 






Per cent. 


1918 










1919 










1920 


157 


S27 


S8 


29. 56 


Dimethylaniline — 

1917 




1918 










1919 


1,120 
22, 400 


427 
15,968 


92 
2,955 


21.56 


1920 


18.51 


Metacresol, orthocresol, and paracresol, purity of 80 
Tjer cent or more — 
1917 . .... 




1918 . . . 










1913 . . 










1920 


2,444 


2,230 


396 


17.74 


Methvlarithraquinone — 
1917 




1918 










1919 


3,147 
13, 053 

267, 057 

2, 795 

7, 650 

3,697,562 

1,027 


2,643 
5,612 

12, 125 

171 

3S4 

416, 172 

1,069 


375 
1,168 

8,497 

96 

249 

154, 865 

186 


14.20 


1920 . . 


20.82 


Naphthalene solidifying at 79° C. or above — 

1917 


70.02 


1918 


55. 87 


1919 . .. 


64.80 


1920 


37. 21 


1917 


17.40 






1919 .. 




















Naphthylainiuc — 










1918 . 


11,761 


5,985 


1,192 


, 19. 91 


1919 




1920 


69, 695 


7,208 


2,824 


39.18 


Nitrobenzol- 

1917 




1018 










1919 


21, 513 
45, 891 

18, 102 


4,003 
6,009 

7,758 


1, 138 
2,049 

1, 616 


28.44 


1920 


34.09 


Nitrona phthalone— 

1917 


20.83 


191'^ 




1919 










1920 










Nitrotohiol— 

1917 




















1919 


542 
684 


452 
359 


81 
71 


18.00 


1920 


19.76 


Phenylenedianiine — 

1917 




1918 .. 










1919 


2,746 
2,429 

98 


1,769 

1,887 

1,&53 


334 
344 

2S0 


18.88 


1920 


18.22 


Phthalic anhydride- 

1917 ". 


15.13 






1919 










1920.. 










Rcsorcin — 


13-1 


672 


10-t 


15.50 


191S 














1920 


51,529 


39,982 


7, 278 


ia23 


Xylidine— 

1917 




;■. . 1918 . . 










;;, "1919 










- 1920 


56,017 


41,237 


7,587 


18.40 



106 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 



Table 19. — Imports of coal-tar products entered for consumption, 1917 to 1920 — Con. 
GROUP II (DUTIABLE AT 15 PER CENT PLUS 2^ CENTS PER POUND)— Continued. 



Article and years. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Duty. 


Actual 
and com- 
puted ad- 
valorcm 
rate. 


All distillates, n. s. p. f., which on distillation yield in the 

porlion distilling below 200° C. a quantity of tar acid 

equal to or more than 5 per cent of the original distillate: 

1917 


Pounds. 






Per cent. 


1918 


1,550 
3, 170 

85, 474 

193, 021 
13, 445 
51,214 
87,911 


%2, 008 

4,587 

36, (HI 

17, 595 

8,640 

39, 861 

74, 514 


S340 

767 

7,543 

7, 465 

1,632 

7,260 

13, 375 


16 93 


1919 


16 73 


1920 


20.93 


All similar products, obtained, derived, or manufactured 
in wliole or in part from the products provided for in 
Group I (free): 
1917 


42.43 


1918 


IS. 89 


1919 


18.21 


1920 


17.95 


All sulfoacids or sulfoacid salts of Group II: 

1917 




1918 










1919 










1920 


100 


87 


16 


17.88 







GROUP III (DUTIABLE AT 30 PER CENT AD VALOREM). 



When obtained, derived, or manufactured in whole or in 
part from any of the products provided for in Group I 
(free) or II, including natural indigo and their deriva- 
tives: 
Alizarin, natural— 

1917 


Pounds. 

6,899 

108, 711 

6,684 

58,583 

19, 180 


S12,216 

158, 816 

8,612 

41,381 

55, 179 


S3, 665. 00 

47, 044. 80 

2, 583. 60 

12,414.30 

16,554.00 


Per cent. 
30.00 


1918 


30.00 


1919 


30.00 


1920 


30.00 


Alizarin, synthetic— 

1917 


30.00 


1918 




1919 . 










1920 


73,232 

34 

6,446 

1,920 

29,436 

23, 146 

12, 827 

7, 162 

216, 508 

129, 983 

3,376 

34,049 

86,439 

35 
160 


24,072 

75 
13,399 

3,864 
25, 489 

11, 326 

20,087 

7,772 

208, 754 

140, 932 
13, 744 
82, 779 

196, 783 

408 
816 


7, 221. 60 

22.50 
4,019.70 
1, 159. 20 
7,646.70 

3,398.00 

6,026.10 

2,331.60 

62, 626. 20 

42, 2S0. 00 

4, 123. 20 

24, 833. 70 

59, 034. 90 

122.00 
244.80 


30.00 


Dyes obtained, derived, or manufactured from 
alizarin — 
1917 


30.00 


1918 


30.00 


1919 


30.00 


1920 


30.00 


Dyes obtained, derived, or manulactiu'ed from an- 
thracene and carbazol — 
1917 


30.00 


1918 


30.00 


1919... . 


30.00 


1920 


30.00 


Indigoids, whether or not obtahicd from indigo — 

1917 


30.00 


1918 '. 


30.00 


1919 


30.00 


1920 


30.00 


Flavors — 

1917 


30.00 


1918 


30.00 


1919 




1920 


14 

2, 261, 122 

1,637,914 

234, 991 

36,537 

1,379,349 
690, 414 
537,697 
171, 101 


27 

4,230,510 

2,007,958 

285, 925 

69,528 

871, 267 
342, 589 
327, 133 
207,299 

284,340 
301, 074 
168, 406 
105, 055 


8.10 

1,269,153.00 

002,387.40 

85, 777. 50 

20, 858. 40 

261,380.00 
102,776.70 
98, 139. 90 
62, 189. 70 

85,304.00 
90, 322. 20 
50, 539. 80 
49,516.50 


30.00 


Indigo, natural— 

1917 


30.00 


1918 


30.00 


1919 


30.00 


1^0 


30.00 


Indigo, synthetic— 

1917 


30.00 


1918.. 


30.00 


1919 


30.00 


1920.. 


30.00 


Medicinals— 
1917 


30.00 


1918 




30.00 


1919... 




30.00 


1920 




30.00 









APPENDIX. 



107 



Table 19. — Imports of coal-tar products entered for co7isumpfion, 1917 to 1920 — Con. 
GROUP III (DUTIABLE AT 30 PER CENT AD VALOREM PLUS 5 CENTS PER POUND). 



\ 
Article and years. . 


Quantity. 


V ahie. 


Duty. 


Actual 
and com- 
puted ad- 
Valorem 

rate. 


When obtained, derived, or maimfactured in whole or in 
part from any of the producis provided for in Group I 
(free) or II, including natural indigo and their deriva- 
tives: 
Colors, or color lakes obtained, derived, or mannfac- 
tmed from alixarin— 
1917 


Pounds. 

7,ai2 

1,49") 

15,358 
98, 735 

53, 205 

27,900 
38,073 
260, 060 

2, 257, 476 
1, 799, 467 
1,991,687 

2, 807, 807 

134, 702 


§18,6.80 

4, 490 

14, 405 

172, 341 

49, 729 
22,546 
55, 475 
529,966 

2. 574, 363 
2,161,799 
2, 848, 294 
4, 093, 389 

11, .596 


S5, 957. 00 
1,421.95 

5,089.40 
56, 789. 05 

17, 579. 00 

8, 158. 89 

18, .546. 15 

17J , 992. 80 

885,183.00 
738, 513. 05 
954, 072. 55 
1,368,407.05 

10,214.00 


Per cm*. 
31.89 


1918 


31.67 


1919 


35. 33 


1920 


32.83 


Colors, or color lakes obtained, derived, or manufac- 
tured from anthracene and carbazol — 

1917 


35.35 


1918 


30. 19 


1919 


33.43 


1920 


32. 45 


All other colors, dyes, or stains, whether soluble or 

not in water, color acids, color bases, or color lakes— 

1917 


34. 38 


19181 


34. 16 


1919 


33. 50 


1920 


33.43 


Phenolic resin, synthetic— 

1917 


88.08 


1918 




1919 


1,114 
2,479 

12,632 

14, 550 

12,059 

2L 808 

124 

3,280 


2, ,860 
2,681 

101,406 
108, 537 

77, 876 

67, 040 

50 

40,352 


913. 70 
92.8. 25 

31,053.00 
33, 288. CO 
23,955.75 
21,382.40 
12.00 

10, 088. 00 


31.95 


1920 


34.63 


Photographic chemicals— 
1917 


30.62 


1918 


30. 67 


1919 


30.77 


1920 


31. 61 


Acetanilid (25 per cent), 1919 


25.00 


1917 


25. 00 






1919 . . 








1920 








Acetylsalicylic acid (25 per cent): 

1917 


1,474 


4,070 


1,168.00 


25.00 


1918 




1919 


26 


76 


19.00 


25.00 


1920 ... 




Antipyrene (25 per cent): 

1917 


21, 8-12 
9,416 
13, 7:36 
14, 737 


62,411 
106, t>i3 
1.35, 5G5 

53, 293 


15,603.00 
26,661.00 
3:3,. 891. no 
13,323.00 


25.00 


1918 


25.00 


1919 


25. 00 




25.00 






Salol s (25 per cent) 










Phenolphthalein (25 per cent): 
1917 










1918 


100 


1,200 


300.00 


25.00 


1919 




1920 


200 
554 


726 
6,544 


181.00 
360.00 


25.00 


Saccharin (65 cents per pound): 

1917 


5.50 


1918 




1919 










1920 














1 







1 Does not include 110 pounds, valued at $322, duty $81.08, from. Cuba. 

* Included under acetylsalicylic acid. 

3 Dutiable under the act of Oct. 3, 1913, rather than under the act of Sept. 8, 1916. 



108 CEisrsus OF dyes and coal-tar chemicals. 

Table 19. — Imports of natural dyes and extracts of, entered for consumption, 1917 to 1920. 



Ca'ciidar year. 


Annatto. 


Cochineal. 


Cudbear. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


1917 


Pounds. 
660, 102 
6.55, 250 
356, 432 

1,004,129 


377,238 
02, 961 
19,972 
40,108 


Pounds. 
121, 879 
237,402 
116,014 
202,808 


S48, 345 
116,660 
52,029 
81, 979 


Pounds. 
65, 897 
54,447 
33, 391 
50,170 


$7, 515 


1918 


9,411 


1919 


4, 150 


1920 


8,463 






Calendar year. 


Dyewoods, diverse. 


Fustic wood. 


Indigo, natural. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


1917 


Tons. 

7,565 

15, 966 

922 

2, 6.53 


$94,029 

407, 190 

23, 286 

51,904 


Tons. 

10,442 

11,866 

696 

1,304 


S289, 756 

280, 813 

15,091 

25,033 


Pounds. 

2,261,122 84,230,510 

1,637,914 2,037,958 


1918 


1919 


2M,991 28.5,925 


1920 


36, 537 69. .528 









Calendar year. 


Logwood. 


Logwood (and other 
wood extracts). 


Madder, ground. 




Quantity. 


Value. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


1917 


Tons. 
61, 714 
33, 168 
29, 022 

72,830 


.?1, 509, 878 
776, 735 
,549, 885 

2, 179, 891 


Pounds. 
736, 038 
277, 748 
539, 252 

545,892 


$86, 672 
45, 895 
62, 601 

50, 313 


Pounds. 
2,193 


?253 


1918. . . 




1919 


7,875 
/ 12,835 
\ 1 2, 300 


1,545 


1920 


3,155 







1. • 

Calendar year. 


Orchil. 


Persian berries, extract. 


Safflower, saffron. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


1917 


Pounds. 


S50,005 
56,284 
42,085 
58,682 


Pounds. 




Pounds. 


S105, 510 


1918 










70, 032 


1919 


372,606 
547,384 


5,209 
11, 357 


$2, 691 
3,631 


23. 663 

21. 664 


106, 951 


1920 


127, 579 





Calendar year. 


Turmeric. 


Gambler. 


All other extracts of 
vegetable origin. 




Quantity. 


Value. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


1917 


Pounds. 


31,331 
11,278 
68,852 
86, 141 


Pounds. 

12, 050, 848 
8,75,5,270 
4,744,051 

10, 095, 325 


SI, 138, 833 
949, 971 
432, 499 
806, 583 


Pounds. 
150, 078 

2, 889, 865 
443, 749 
381, 537 


$20, 757 


1918 




234,375 


1919 


1,230,229 
1,215,057 


80, 079 


1920 


75,613 







» Extracts of madder, 1920. 



I 



APPENDIX. 



109 



Table 20. — General imports of coal-tar products, bij countries, 1918-1920, calertdar years. 
DEAD OR CREOSOTE OIL (FREE). 



Imported from — 


1918 


1919 


1920 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Ene;land 


Gallons. 




Gallons. 
8, 934, 045 
60, 756 
2,273,578 


$1,085,617 

10, 462 

278, 138 


Gallons. 
12, 514, 150 
147, 377 

1,619,903 
1 4, 145, 722 


$2, 568, 235 
21 096 


Scotland 


1,125 

1,543,660 

462 


S862 

161,693 

314 




227 624 


All other 


979 444 










Total 


1,545,247 


162, 869 


11,268,379 


1,374,217 


18, 427, 152 


3, 796, 399 





BENZOL. 



Canada . 



Pounds. 
1, 315, 691 



$33, 303 



Pounds. 
217,865 



$5, 617 



Pounds. 
486, 619 



$10, 868 



CRESOL. 



England 


Pounds. 
3,051,833 
1, 676, 354 


.S2.56, 917 
196, 116 


Pounds. 
4, 935, 748 
1,516,610 
800 


$408, 407 

149, 373 

1,028 


Pounds. 

6, 037, 223 

4, 198, 397 

16,400 

66, 0.50 


$509 710 


Scotland.. . 


382 637 


Canada 


1 360 


Germany 






7 674 




1 1 






Total 


4, 728, 187 


453, 033 


6, 453, 158 


558, 808 


10, 318, 070 


901 381 







NAPHTHALENE. 



United Kingdom 


Pounds. 
424, 147 


$13, 253 


Pounds. 
1, 342, 091 


.?47, 076 


Pounds. 

10, 15.5, 579 

413, 274 

2, 959, 976 

381, 740 

98, 695 

494, 644 

168, 923 

339, .340 


$357, 954 
16, 972 
78 704 


Belgium 




1, 328, 496 


44,540 


1, h;?6, 478 


43, 795 


Germany 


34 135 


Japan 






612 


42 


7 6.53 


Italy 






17' 077 








GO, 075 


1, 352 


3 528 


All other 






14, 198 














Total 


1, 752, 643 


57, 793 


3, 239, 256 


92, 265 


15, 012, 171 


530 221 







TAR AND PITCH OF COAL. 



Enfland 


Barrels. 
51 


3686 


Barrels. 
600 
100 
25,003 


$2, 725 

2.56 

44, 093 


Barreh. 

1,127 

580 

18,824 

150 


$4,166 
3 706 


Scotland 


Canafla 


26,499 


49, 069 


41 940 


AU other 


350 












Total 


23, 5.50 


49, 755 


25, 703 


47, 074 


20, 681 


.50 162 







TOLUOL. 



Canada. 



Pounds. 



Pounds. 
1, 195, 706 



$30,768 



Pounds. 



ALL OTHER CRUDES. 



France 


$823 

57, 364 

825 

104, 765 




$54 

42, 875 

870 

1, 891 




$'0,993 

178, 866 

1,581 


England 






Scotland 






Canada 






8T6 


Germany 








9 179 


All other 


::.::;::::::i :::::" :: 


__ 1 


2,886 










Total 




163, 777 




4.5, 690 




204, 381 













1 All from Netherlands, except 6 gallons from Japan. 



110 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 



Table 20. — General imports of coal-tar products, by countries, 1918-1920, calendar 

years — Continued . 



CARBOLIC ACID. 





1918 


1919 


Impoited from — 


Carbolic 


icid, free. 


Carbolic acid, duti- 
able (phenol). 


Carbolic 


icid,free. 




Quantity. 


Value. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


England 


Povmds. 
■ 155,236 


SI 7, 260 


Pounds. 
208, 037 
75, 300 


$54,884 
7,613 


Pounds. 
1,619,823 


8158, 820 


Cauada 


Scotland 






345, 466 


28,96J 












Total.... . . 


155, 236 


17,260 


2S3, a37 


62,497 


1,965,289 


187, 788 







1919 


1920 1 


Imported from — 


Carbolic acid, duti- 
able (phenol). 


Carbolic acid, free. 


Carbolic acid duti- 1 
al)le (pheool). 1 




Quantity. 


Value. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Quantity. 


Value. 1 


England 


Pownds. 
2,061 


S264 


Pounds. 
178,652 
14, 040 


$13,258 
1,590 


Poxmds. 
1,040 


S24a 


Scotland 










■ 


Total... 


2,061 


264 


192, 692 


19,848 


1,040 


J 





ALL OTHER ACIDS. 



Imported f rom— 


1918 


1919 


1920 1 


Qiiantity. 


Value. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


En'-;land ' 


Pownii. 
125 
5 


$1,114 
2 


Pvuiids. 
63 


S374 


Pounds. 
250 


$1,087 










ii, 199 
309 




8,182 












500 














Total 


130 


1,116 


63 


374 


11,758 




9,709 







ANILIN OIL. 



Imported from— 


1918 


1919 


1920 










Pounds. 
220 


$72 













ANILIN SALTS. 
( Free under act of 1909; dutiable under act of Oct. 3, 1913, and under the act of Sept. 8, 1916.) 



I mported f roin— 



England . . . 
Germany... 

Total. 



1918 



Quantity. 



Pounds. 
21.273 



21,273 



Value. 



$3,250 



3,250 



1919 



Quantity. 



Pounds. 



Value. 



1920 



Quantity. 



Pounds. 



Value. 



APPEWDIX. 



Ill 



Table 20. — General imports of coal-tat fToducts, by countries, 1918-1920, calendar 

years — Continued. 



ALL OTHER INTERMEDIATES. 



Imported torn — 


1918 


1919 


1920 








$41, 291 






S26,61i 


140, 0y5 






191, 762 


Italy 






17, 1:91 

302, 2113 


England - 


Si 5 


48, 722- 




41, 237 




4,348 


82 
20, 788 


68,323 






All other . . 




29,264 










Total 


4,363 


96,203 


831,658 







INDIGO. 
CPrce under act of Oct. 3, 1913; datiable under aet of Sept. 8, 1*16.) 





1918 


1910 


Imported from — 


Indigo, natural 
(dutiable). 


Indigo, synthetic 
(dutiable). 


Indigo, natural 
(dutiable). 




Quantity. 


Value. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Switzci'Iand 


Pound's. 

25, 762 

2G4, 975 

1. 138, 176 

234, 452 

83, 70>> 


838,719 

463, 5i0 

1, 28^ 4.;4 


Pounds. 
770, 212 
6,817 


$410,421 
5, 587 


Pounds. 
15, 796 
10, 584 
99, 597 
60, 94') 
4'), 557 


$29,857 




18, 647 




99,^1 
67,282 




2 99v 554 
108, 1.50 






Ail other 


46,448 










Total 


1, r47, 074 


2, 194, 367 


777, 029 


416, 008 


227, 474 


260, 115 









1919 


1920 


Imported from — 


Indigo, syntlietic 
(dutiable). 


Indigo, natural 
(dutiable). 


Indisio, .synthetic 
(dutiable). 




Quantity. 


Value. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Quantity. 


Value. 




Pouiids. 

726, 4-10 

1, 468 

8,400 


S388, 067 
1,970 
5,729 


Pounds. 
57,411 
27, 209 
10, 214 
50,066 
4, 346 
2,850 


SI 50, 957 

51, 556 

20, 29d 

70,008 

5, 171 

7 /dm 


Pounds. 

285, 153 

1,229 


$252, 70S 


England 


:.6i 


Salvador. 




France. 


400, 589 
25, 029 


172,6<.J2 








18,220 










Italy 






54,422 


37,311 


All other 


87, 570 


36, 607 


48 


48 




B Total 






823, 878 


432, 373 


152,204 


30.5, 428 


766, 422 


481,292 







r 



112 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 



Table 20.— Genen^al imports of coal-tar products, by countries, 1918-1920, calendar 

years — Continued. 

ALIZARIN AND ALIZARIN DYES. 

(Free under act of Oct. 3, 1913; dutiable under act of Sept. 8) 1916.) 



Imported from— 


1918 


1919 


1920 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Quantity. 


Value. 




Pounds. 




Pounds. 




Pounds. 

141,213 

222,417 

25, 196 

297 


$197, 562 
81, 393 




440 

• 4,310 

1 

15, 141 


S572 

3, 739 

2 

58, 948 


220 

23,417 

215 


$2,517 

21, 084 

414 


United Kingdom 


18, 898 




1,806 








1 


46, 283 

5,906 

444 


32, 857 












10, 314 


All other 


500 


7,629 


23 


205 


689 






Total 


20, 392 


70,890 


23, 875 


24,280 


441, 756 


343, 519 





COAL-TAR COLORS OR DYES (DUTIABLE). 



Imported from — 



Belgium 

France 

Germany . . . 
Switzerland. 

England 

Another 



1918, 
value. 



$76,506 



Total 2, 409, 439 



1,762,688 

561, 699 

68,546 



1919 



Quantity. Value. 



Pounds. 

36,968 

11,746 

143,031 

1,284,199 

009, 703 

165,750 



2, 215, 397 



?63,119 
20,853 
83, 563 
2, 176, 463 
604, 548 
100, 730 



1920 



Quantity. Value 



Pounds. 

190, 414 

70, 821 

1,155,501 

1,372,490 

345, 889 

351,758 



3, 169, 276 



3,486,873 



S153,020 

100,884 

1,565,300 

2,693,653 

394, 668 

351,277 



5,258,802 



ALL OTHER COAL-TAR PRODUCTS. 



Imported from— 


1918 1 


1919 


1920 




811,900 

50 

3,045 

47,548 
32 






Netherlands . 






























Total 


02, 575 









1 Jan. 1-June 30, 1918. 



MEDICINAL PREPARATIONS. 



France 

Germany 

Italy 

Netherlands . 

Spain 

Switzerland. 

Em? land 

Scotland 

Canada 

Peru 

Venezuela. . . 

Japan 

All other 



Total. 



Imported from- 



19 IS 2 



»32, 129 



154 
7,499 



53, 324 
114 



6, 142 
10 



99, 372 



1919 



S5S, 749 



1,329 

12,257 

94 

1,761 

20, 302 

137 

77, 162 



69 
351 



172, 211 



1920 



$21,724 
59, 133 
8 
21,203 
523 
18,571 
40,339 



16! 

3,sia 



U3,S7S 






2 July 1-Dec. 31, 1918. 



APPENDIX. 



113 



Table 20 — General imports of coal-tar products by countries, 1918-1920, calendar 

years — Continued. 

ALL OTHER FINISHED PRODUCTS. 



Imported from — 


19181 


1919 


1920 


France 


$4,162 


$25,955 


$37, 192 


Germany 


21,406 


Switzerland 


2,901 

54,502 

816 


1,447 
57, 166 


6,715 


England . 


10,307 


Canada 




All other 




29 










Total 


62,381 


84,568 


75, 649 







1 July 1-Dep. 31. 1918. 



Table 21. — Domestic exports of coal tar and of dyes and dyestuffs, 1918-1920, calendar 

years. 

COAL TAR. 



Exported to— 


1918 


1919 


1920 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Europe 


Barrels. 

2,069 

54,149 

808 

198 

154 

1,176 


$12,297 
139, 456 
6,288 
1,505 
1,739 
7,435 


Barrels. 

230 

71,749 

2,759 

475 

45 

1,334 


$900 

158, 205 

20, 166 

3,174 

301 

15, 757 


Barrels. 

243 

74,374 

3,725 

10 

81 

17 


$1,441 


North America 


208, 561 
23, 656 


South America 


Asia 


65 


Ocean la 


995 


Africa 


49 






Toitai 


58,554 


168,720 


76,592 


198,503 


88,350 


234,767 





COAL-TAR DISTILLATES, n. 
Benzol. 



France 

Chile 

England . . 
Germany.. 

Canada 

Belgium. . 
Argentina. 

Japan 

Italy 

All other.. 



Total. 



Pounds. 
32,599,682 



136, 571 



75,442 
136, 480 
299,659 

46,743 



33, 294, 577 



$1, 854, 216 



7,389 



7,329 

8,680 

22, 704 

4,942 



1,904,360 



Pounds. 
12.319,900 



113,300 
"335,' 799' 



973,978 
280, 442 



215,000 



14, 238, 419 



$407,622 
"'i6,"i97' 



21,313 



60, 563 
18, 590 



16,847 



535, 132 



Pounds. 
2, 528, 494 

229, 079 
57,500 

669, 494 

389, 783 
3, 150, 240 

353, 522 

67,200 

4,961,878 

767,078 



13, 174, 268 



$138, 850 

16, 760 

4,970 

36, 902 

23, 904 

238,617 

23,907 

6,720 

357, 956 

79, 354 



927, 940 



ALL OTHER COAL-TAR DISTILLATES. 



Exported to— 


1918 


1919 


1920 


Value. 


Value. 


Value. 


France 


$2,188,439 


$33,387 


$445 520 


Belgium . 


474, 793 


Italy 


345,407 

927,295 

1,477,984 

96,798 

78, 160 

72, 162 

475,377 
46,831 

159,377 


14,674 

127,583 

105,335 

64,917 

61,441 

101,305 

250,061 

8,144 

336,903 


290 449 


England 


1,632 599 


Canada . . . 


314 641 


Spain 


615 284 


Me.xico 


136, 063 


Brazil 


193,089 
1,158,196 


Japan 


Switzerland 


1,632,599 
69, 016 


All other 






Total 


5, 867, 830 


1,103,750 


6, 962, 249 


. .. . ^ 





555.58°— 21— No. 28 8 



114 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 



Table 21 — Domestic exports of coal tar and of dyes and dye dyestuffs, 1918-19^^0- 

Continued. 



DYES AND DYESTUFFS (VALUE). 



Exported to — 



Calendar yeaps. 



1918 



Aniline 
dyes. 



Logwood 
extracts. 



All other. 



Aniline 
dyes. 



Logwood 
extracts. 



All other. 



Portugal 

Belgium 

France 

Germany 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Russia 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom. 

Canada 

Mexico 

Central America. . 

West Indies 

South America. .. 

Asia 

Oceania 

Africa 

Denmark 

Spain 

Sweden 

Norway 

AU other ,.. 



$176,769 
'""6,'345' 
"274," 903' 



$10, 541 
'263,'6i6' 
"76,' 237' 



$131, 280 
' '496,' 875" 



234,238 



22,500 

380, 181 

836,445 

289,327 

5,617 

23,447 

1, 719, 408 

4, 248, 367 

100, 490 

3,993 



7,728 

345, 458 

S2, 292 

5,666 

400 

742 

128,645 

504, 542 

20, 194 

715 



518, 895 



104, 748 



12, 825 

5,000 

524,5"'6 

724, 522 

181, 029 

6,498 

35,473 

931, 600 

2, 720, 399 

133, 493 

15,534 

1,055 

4:72, 222 



22, 924 



985 

4,877 



4,529 
6,761 



$70,296 

90 

127,059 

150 

269, 130 

26, 284 

8,570 

1»3 

413, 700 

1,015,334 

467,806 

5,9fl 

34, 307 

1, 651, 872 

5, 565, 053 

177,964 

45, 566 

5,334 

535,383 

22, 694 

13, 663 

267, 682 



$2,319 
34 787 
596,042 
290 
58, 716 
21, 735 



$36, 063 
19 x93 



180, 3o9 
9,i04 



22, 824 

30^ 686 

li9,871 

17,438 

892 

137 

66,099 

48,063 

14,041 

1,508 

9,671 

18, 3t9 

8,584 

1,300 

8,584 



423,719 

1, 0u7, 892 

230, 359 

14,5*4 

40,900 

585, 127 

1,921,202 

143,223 

8,281 

2,438 

84,544, 

15, 708 

7,303 

44,780 



Total. 



10, 724, 071 



1, 355, 936 



5, 004, 428 : 



Exported to — 



1920 



Aniline 

dyes. 



Logwood 
extracts. 



AU other. 



Portugal 

Belgium 

France 

Germany 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Russia (European) 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom . . 

Canada 

Mexico 

Central America . . . 

West Indies 

South America 

Asia 

Oceania 

Africa 

Denmark 

Spain 

Sweden 

Norway 

All other 

Total 



$66, 752 

507, 371 

807, 241 

454 

582,236 

39,682 

100 

132, 359 

1,318,498 

1,647,109 

1,091,603 

13, 159 

52, 745 

2, 282, 210 

12, 783, 303 

277, 660 

65, 077 

26,463 

682, 998 

67, 921 

4,568 

100, 971 



$5, 970 

lis, 339 

607,017 

1,456 

404, 367 

73, 472 



41, 623 

391, 060 

7,745 

275, 149 

56,057 



60, 157 

729, 026 

183, 061 

11, 092 

1,852 

18,144 

45, 586 

195, 493 

41,283 

1,248 

2,903 

77, 183 

1,250 

1,110 

25, 051 



92,017 

1, eg, 871 

982,665 

210, 145 
13, 730 
97, 922 

497, 029 
3, 208, 107 

134, 196 
28, 261 
2,794 

149, 365 
29, 802 
15, 998 
38, 997 



22, 450, 480 



2, 605, 060 



7, 373, 111 



APPENDIX. 



115 



Table 22. — Iinports and exports of inks and ink powders, 191S-1920, calendar years., 
IMPORTS FOR CONSUMPTION. 



Calendar year. 


Printer's ink. 


Writing and copying ink. 


All other, including ink 
powders. 


Rate of 
duty. 


Value. 


Duty col- 
lected. 


Rate of 
duty. 


Value. 


Duty col- 
lected. 


Rate of 
duty. 


Value. 


Duty col- 
lected. 


1918 


Per cent. 
15 
15 
15 


$4,154 

199 

15, 228 


$623 
30 

2,284 


Per cent. 
15 
15 
15 


$13, 363 
15, 116 
15, 505 


$2,004 
2,267 
2,326 


Percent. 
15 
15 
15 


$6,343 

8,143 

10, 657 


$951 


1919 


1 221 


1920 


1 599 







DOMESTIC EXPORTS. 









Calendar years. 






Exported to — 


1918 


1919 


1920 




Printer's 
ink. 


AU other 
inks. 


Printer's 
ink. 


All other 
inks. 


Printer's 
ink. 


All other 
inks. 


Europe 


$48,394 
256, .507 
3.53, 023 
224, 345 
116,424 
42,189 


$25,371 
206, 360 
100,833 
67, 736 
42, 452 
5,429 


$210, 482 
320, 008 
603, 758 
435,664 
113, 288 
29,726 


$68,382 
297,959 
210, 212 
155, 420 
109,962 
14, 282 


$224, 129 
366, 784 
535,265 
579, 843 
171,640 
15,091 


$96,699 

328 889 


North America 


South America 


208' 272 


Asia 


187 988 


Oceania 


105' 984 


Africa 


8 887 






Total 


1, 040, 882 


448, 181 


1,712,926 


856, 217 


1, 892, 752 


936, 719 





DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS OF COAL-TAR PRODUCTS 

DURING 1920. 



Name of company. 



Abbott Laboratories, The 

Advance Color Corporation 

Agawam Chemical Works (Inc.). 



Albany Chemical Co 

Alston-Lucas Paint Co 

Althouse Chemical Co. (Inc.) 

Amalgamated Dyestufl & Chemical Works 

(Inc.). 

American Aniline Products (Inc.) 

American Chemical Products Co , 

American Nitration Co. (Inc.) , 

Ausbacher & Co., A. B. (Inc.) 

Anthrakone Dye Products & Chemical Co. 

(Inc.). 

Arista Chemical Co. (Inc.) 

Atlantic Dyestuff Co 



Atlas Color Works (Inc.). 
Barrett Co., The 



Beaver Chemical Co. (Inc.) 

Beaver Manufacturing Co 

British-American Chemical Corporation of 
New Jersey. 

Brooklyn Color Works (Inc.) 

Buffalo Specialty Co 

Butterworth Judson Corporation 

Calco Chemical Co., The 



Carey Manufacturing Co., The PhiUp . 

Central DyestulTs & Chemical Co 

Certainteed Products Corporation 



Certified Chemical Corporation. 



Charleston Chemical Co 

Chatfield Manufacturing Co., The . . . 
The Chemical Co. of America (Inc.) . 

Childs & Co. (Inc.), Charles M 

Chiris Co., Antoine 



Ciacinnati Chemical Works (Inc.) 

Commonwealth Chemical Corporation. 



Commonwealth Color & Chemical Co 

Condensite Co. of America 

Connecticut Metal & Chemical Co., The . 

(Consolidated Color & Chemical Co 

Cooks Falls Dye Works (Inc.).^ 

Coopers Creek Chemical Co 

Corona Chemical Co 

Crescent Color & Chemical Works (Inc.). 

Croton Color & Chemical Co. (Inc.) 



Cumberland Chemical Corporation 

Davis Chemical Products (Inc.) 

Denver Cas & Electric Light Co., The. 
Dermatological Research Laboratories. . . 
Devoe & Reynolds Co. (Inc.) 



Dicks David Co. (Inc). 



Dow Chemical Co., The 

Du Pont do Nemours & ("!o., E. I. .. 
Dye Products A Chemical Co. (Inc.). 

Eakins (Inc.) .7. S. & W. R 

Eastman Kodak Co 

Essex Aniline Works (Inc.) 



Office address (location of plant given in parentheses 
if not in same city as office). 



4753 Ravenswood Avenue, Chicago, HI. 
833 Magnolia Avenue, Ehzabeth, N. J. 
531 Grosvenor Building, Providence, R. I. (North 

Attleboro, Mass.). 
2-24 Broadway, Albany, N. Y. 
Wade and Currier Streets, Chicago, lU. 
540 Pear Street, Reading, Pa. 
75 Hudson Street, New York City (Newark, N. J.). 

80 Fifth Avenue, New York City (Lock Haven, Pa.). 

73 Chatham Street, Rochester, N. Y. 

River Road, Nutley, N. J. 

527 Fifth Avenue, New York City (Brooklyn, N. Y.). 

14-16 Hopkins Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. (KenUworth, 

N..1.). 
305 Broadway, New York City (Brooklyn, N. Y.). 
88 Ames Bmlding, Boston, Mass. (Burrage, Mass.; 

Portsmouth, N. H.). 
322 Ninth Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
17 Battery Place, New York City (plants distributed 

throughout the United States). 
106 WaU Street, New York City (Damascus, Va.). 
Ballardvale. Mass. 
109 Beekman Street, New York City (Ridgefleld Park, 

N. J.). 
601-3-5 Sackett Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
375 Ellicott Street, Buffalo, N. Y. 
61 Broadway, New York City (Newark, N. J.). 
Bound Brook, N.J. (Bound Brook, BurHngton, Newark, 

Jersey City, and Woodbridge, N. J.). 
Lockland, Ohio. 

Plum Point Lane, Newark, N.J. 
1801 Boatmen's Bank Building, St. Louis, Mo. (East St. 

Louis). 
80 Maiden Lane, New York City (246 Plymouth Street, 

Brooklyn, N. Y.). 
Charieston, W. Va., Box 1362 (BeUe, W. Va.). 
Seventy-fourth and Lebanon Streets, Cmcionati, Ohio. 
46 Miu-ray Street, New York City (Springfield, N. J.). 
43 Summit Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
20 Piatt Street, New York City (Delawanna and Ba- 

yonne, N. J.). 
Evanston Station, Cincinnati, Ohio (Norwood and St. 

Bernard, Ohio). 
15 Park Row, New York City (Newark, N. Y., Wayne, 

Co.). 
Butler, Nevins, and Baltic Streets, Brooklyn, N. Y. j 
Bloomfleld. N.J. (Wyandotte. Mich.) J 

New Britaua, Conn. (East Berlin, Corm.). i 

122 Hudson Streeet, Nw York City (Newark, N. J.). 
80 Maiden Lane, New York City (Cooks Falls, N. Y.). 
West Conshohocken, Pa. 
Milwaukee, Wis. 
Eleventh Avenue and Fifty-ninth Street, New York 

City (Dunellen N. J.). 
293 Broadway, New York City (Croton-on-Hudsou, 

N. Y.). 
Bristol, Va. 

Elizabeth, N. J., Box 95 (Union Township, N. J.). 
900 Fifteenth Street, Denver, Colo. 
1720 Lombard Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 
101 Fulton Street, ^Iew York City (New York and, 

Chicago). 
Variek and North Moore Streets, New York City 

(Chicago Heights, 111.). 
Midland, Mich. 

Wilmington, Del. (Deep water Point and Lodi, N. J.). 
200 Fifth Avenue, New York City (Newark, N. J.) 
24 Wallabout Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Kodak Park Works, Rochester, N. Y. 
88 Broad Street, Boston, Mass. (South MiddletonjJ 

Mass.). 



116 



APPENDIX. 117 

Directory of manufacturers of coal-tar products during 1920 — Continued. 



Name of company. 



Office address (location of plant given in parentheses 
if not in same city as office). ' 



Fine Colors Co., (Inc.) 

Flora^Tnth Laboratories (Inc.). 

Fries Bros 

Garfield Aniline Works (Inc.). . 

Gary Chemical Co 

Gaskill Chemical Corporation . . 

General Bakelite Co 

Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co . . . 
Grasselli Chemical Co., The 



Haarmann-de-Laire-Schacfer Co 

Heath Manufacturing Co 

Helena Light & Railway Co 

Heller & Merz Co 

Hermann & Co., Morris 

Heyden Chemical Co. of America (Inc.). 

Heyl Laboratories (Inc.) 

Hind Harrison Plush Co., The 

Hirsch Laboratories (Inc.) 



Holland Aniline Co 

Holliday-Kemp Co. (Inc.). 



Hooker Electro Chemical Co. 



Hord Color Products Co., The 

Hub Dyestuff & Chemical Co 

Hydrocarbon Chemical Co 

Hynson, Westcott & Dunning 

Irnperial Color Works (Inc. ) 

Independent Coal Tar Co 

Industrial Chemical Co 

International Coal Products Corporation . . 
International Consolidated Chemical Cor- 
poration. 

Interstate Products Corporation 

Jaenecke-Aul t Co 

Kenart Synthetic Products Co 

Kentucky Color & Chemical Co 



Kettle River Co., The 

Klipstein & Sons Co., E. C. 



Kohnstamm & Co., H. 
Lamie Chemical Co 



Lasher & Co.. F. G. (Inc.) 

Lawrence Color & Chemical Works 

Lee & Co. , A 

Lewis Manufacturing Co., F. J 

Lindsay Light Co 

McKesson & Robbins (Inc.) 

Mallinckrodt Chemical Works 

Marietta Refln ing Co., The , 

Max Marx Color & Chemical Co .,. 

Massachusetts State Department of Health 

May Chemical Works 

Merck & Co 

Merrimac Chemical Co 

Metz Laboratories (Inc.), H. A 

Monroe Drug Co 

Monsanto Chemical Works 

National Ammonia Co. of Pennsylvania.. 

National Aniline & Chemical Co. (Inc.)... 



Naugatuck Chemical Co. The 

New England Aniline Works (Inc.) 

New England Chemical Co. (Inc.) 

New Haven Gas Light Co 

Newport Chemical Works (Inc.) 



New York Color & Chemical Co. (Inc.). 

Niagara Alkali Co 

Nitro Powder Co., The 

Nitro Products Co 

Nitro Products Corporation 

Noil Chemical & Color Co. (Inc.) 



21-29 McBride Avenue, Paterson, N. J. 

Unionport, N. Y. 

92 Reade Street, New York City (Bloomfleld, N. J.). 

Garfield, N. J. 

738 Broadway, Chesterton, Ind. 

157 Spencer Street, Brooklyn, N. Y . 

2 Rector Street, New York City ( Perth Amboy, N.J.) 

Akron, Ohio. 

Cleveland, Ohio, Guardian Building (Grasselli, 

N. J. and Rensselaer, N. Y.). 
May wood, N. J. 

2301 North Eleventh Street, St. Louis, Mo. 
Helena, Mont. 

338 Wilson Avenue, Newark, N. J. 
200 Fifth Avenue, New York Citv (Newark, N. J.). 
Garfield, N. J. 

437 Barretto Street, New York City. 
Clark Mills, N. Y. 
50 East Forty-first Street, New York City (Brooklyn, 

N. Y.). 
Holland, Mich. 
Betts Avenue and Queens Boulevard, Woodside, Long 

Island, N. Y. 

25 Pine Street, New York City (Echota, Niagara 
Falls, N. Y.). 

1636 Columbus Avenue, Sandusky, Ohio. 
595 East Seventh Street, South Boston, Mass. 
951 East Orange Street, Lancaster, Pa. 
423 North Charles Street, Baltimore, Md. 
Glens Falls, N. Y. 

26 Broad Street, Boston, Mass. (Taunton, Mass.). 
Providence, R. I., Box 1288 (East Providence, R. I.). 
511 Fift,h Avenue, New York City (Irvington, N. J.). 
11 East Thirty-sixth Street, New York City (Long 

Island aty, N. Y.) 

Bristol, Tenn. (Avoca, Tenn.). 

Avenue B and Wright Street, Newark, N. J. 

241 East Illinois Street, Chicago, 111. 

Thirty-fourth Street, south of Bank Street, Louis\'ille, 
Ky. 

Madison, 111. 

644 Greenwich Street, New York City (South Charles- 
ton, W. Va.). 

87 Park Place, New York City (Brooklyn, N. Y.). 

Twenty-first Street and Baltimore & OhioR. R., Hunt- 
ington, W. Va. 

104 Grove Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

15 Merrimac Street, Lawrence, Mass. 

Lawrence, Mass. (Methuen, Mass.). 

2513 South Robey Street, Chicago, 111. 

161 Fast Grand Avenue, Chicago, 111. 

91 Fulton Street, New York City (Brooklyn, N. Y.). 

3600 North Second Street, St. Louis, Mo. 

Marietta, Ohio. 

192 Colt Street, Irvington N. J. 

540 State House, Baston, Mass. 

204 Niagara Street, Newark, N. J. 

45 Park Place, New York City (Rahway, N. J.). 

llSStateStreet, Boston, Mass. (North Woburn, Mass.). 

122 Hudson Street, New York City (Brooklyn, N. Y.). 

Fourth and Oak Streets, Quincy, 111. 

1724 South Second Street, St. Louis, Mo. 

Delaware and Vankirk Streets, Frankfwd, Philadel- 
pliia. Pa. 

21 Burling Slip, New York City (Buffalo, N. Y.; Mar- 
cus Hook, Pa.: Brooklyn, N. Y.). 

Naugatuck, Conn. 

93-95 Broad Street, Boston, Mass. (Ashland, Mass.). 

143 Federal St., Boston, Mass. (North Billerica, Mass.). 

80 Crown Street, New Haven, Conn. 

First Wisconsin National Bank, Milwaukee, Wis. (Pas- 
saic, N. J.,and Carrollville, Wis.; Bay MLnette, Ala. 
Pensacola, Fla.). 

98 John Street, New York City (Philadelphia, Pa.). 

4205 Buffalo Avenue, Niagara Falls^ N. Y. 

50 Broad Street, New York City (Kingston, N. Y.). 

401 Eddy Building, Saginaw, Mch. 

Nitro, W. Va. 

152 West One hundred and eighth Street, New York 
City. 



118 CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS. 

Directory of vianufacturers of coal-tar products during 1920 — Continued. 



Name of company. 



Office address (location of plant given in parentheses 
if not in same city as office). 



Organic Products Corporation.. 
Organic Salt & Acid Co. (Inc.). 



Palatine Aniline & Chemical Corporation. 



Peerless Color Co. (Inc.) 

Pharma Chemical Corporation 

Po Ambo Chemical Co 

Radiant Dye & Color Works 

Raritan Aniline Works, The 

Redmanol Chemical Products Co 

Reliance Aniline & Chemical Co. (Inc.). 



Republic Color & Chemical Works. 
Republic Creosoting Co 



Rhodia Chemical Co. 



RoUin Chemical Corporation. 
Ruxton (Inc.), Philip 



Semet-Solvay Co 

Seydel Manufacturing Co. . . 
Sherwin-Williams Co., The. 
Siegle Corp. of America, G. . 



Siemon & Elting 

Sinclair & Valentine Co. 



Special Materials Co. (Inc.) 

Staler Chemical Co 

Standard Chemical Co 

Sun Color & Chemical Co 

Synfleur Scientific Laboratories 

Synthetical Laboratories of Chicago . 
Tar Products Corporation 



Texdel Chemical Co. (Inc.) 

T. M. & G. Chemical Co. (Inc.). 
Tower Mfg. Co. (Inc.) 



Transatlantic Chemical Corporation. 

Trico Chemical Co. (Inc.) 

Ullman, Sigmund 



Ultro Chemical Corporation 

Universal AniUne Dyes & Chemical Co. 



University of lUinois 

VanDyk & Co 

Verona Chemical Co 

Warner-Jenkinson Co 

Washington Dye & Chemical Corporation. 



Western Dry Color Co 

WhiteTarCo. ofN. J. (Inc.) 

Wilbur White Chemical Co., The. 

Wilhelm Co., The A 

Williamsburg Chemical Co. (Inc.). 
Wolf & Co., Jacques 



171 Zinsser & Co. (Inc.). 



301 Liberty Street, Schenectady, N. Y. 

Borden and Van Alst Avenues, Long Island City, N. Y. 
(Newark, N.J. ). 

176 Purchase Street, Boston, Mass. (Poughkeepsie, 
N. Y.). 

Bound Brook, N. J. 

233 Broadway, New York City (Bayonne, N. J.). 

Matawan, N. J. 

2837 West Twenty-first Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

New Brunswick, N. J. 

636 West Twenty-Second Street, Chicago, 111. 

15 William Street, New York City (Poughkeepsie, 
N. Y-). 

Sixth and Richmond Streets, Reading, Pa. 

1614 Merchants Bank Building, Indianapolis, Ind. 
(St. Louis Park, Minn.; Seattle, Wash.; Mobile, Ala.). 

89 Fulton Street, New York City (New Brunswick, 
N.J.) 

Charleston, W. Va., (South Charleston, W. Va.). 

220 West Forty-second Street, New York City, (Brook- 
lyn, N. Y.). 

Syracuse, N. Y. 

78-100 Forest Street, Jersey City, N. J. 

Cleveland, O. (Kensington, Chicago, lU.). 

80 Fifth Avenue, New York City (Rose Bank, Staten 
Island, N. Y.). 

93 Nassau Street, New York City (Irvington, N. J.). 
611 West One Hundred aud Twenty-ninth Street, New 

York City (Edgewater, N. J.). 
140 Livingston Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

81 Fulton Street, New York City (Newark, N. J.). 
Twenty-second and Dock Streets, Tacoma, Wash. 
309 Sussex Street, Harrison, N. J. 
Monticello, N. Y. 

1326 West Congress Street, Chicago, 111. 

913 Tiu-ks Head Building, Providence, R. I. (East 
Providence, R. I.). 

168 Water Street, New York City (Jersey City, N. J.). 

517 Cortlandt Street, BelleviUe, N.J. 

552 Pearl Street, New York City (Brooklyn, N. Y. and 
Newark, N. J.). 

Linden, N.J. 

502 Iroquois Building, Buffalo, N. Y. 

Park Avenue and One Hundred and Forty-sixth 
Street, New York City. 

41 Union Square, New York City. 

1010 Wells Building, Milwaukee, Wis. (South Mil- 
waukee, Wis.). 

Urbana, 111. 

4 Piatt Street, New York City (Jersey City, N. J.). 

26 Verona Avenue, Newark, N. J. 

2526 Baldwin Street, St. Louis, Mo. 

312 Da^'idson Building, Washington, D. C. (Alexan- 
dria, Va.). 

Fifty-second and Wallace Streets, Chicago, HI. 

56 Vesey Street, New York City (Kearney, N. J.). 

Owego, N. Y. 

Third and Bern Streets, Reading, Pa. 

61 Broadway, New York Oity (Brooklyn, N. Y.). 

Lexington Avenue and Center Street, Passaic, N. J. 
(Clifton, N. J.). 

Hastings-on-Hudson, N. Y. 



i 

I 



O 



A-^'O 



.f-; 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 
WASHINGTON 



Tariff Information Series — No. 24 



Production Costs in the 
Lithopone Industry 

First Six Months of 1921 




WASHINGTON 
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 



I 

I 1921 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

WASHINGTON 



Tariff Information Series — No. 24 



Production Costs in the 
Lithopone Industry 

First Six Months of 1921 




WASHINGTON 
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

1921 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION. 

Office: Eighth and E Streets NW., Washington, D. C. 
COMMISSIONERS. 

Thomas Walker Page, Chair man. 
Thomas O. Marvin, Vice Cliairman. 
David J. Lewis. 
William S. Culbertson. 
Edward P. Costigan. 
William Burgess. 

John F. Bethune, Secretary. 



I 



INTRODUCTION. 



This pamphlet is a survey and compilation of costs of production 
in the lithopone industry during the first six months of 1921. The 
Tariff Commission in a previous report — Barytes, Barium Chemical 
and Lithopone Industries, Including Costs of' Production, 1919 — 
compiled costs of production in this industry for the calendar year 
1919. 

The present report gives in tabular form the cost of production 
of lithopone by individual companies, and shows in detail the various 
items of expense which make up the total cost. In addition, the costs 
previously reported to the commission for 1919 are shown along with 
those for the first six months of 1921, for convenience in comparison. 
The pamphlet contains a discussion of conditions in the lithopone in- 
dustry during the first half of 1921 and a detailed discussion of the 
cost tables. 



In the preparation of this report the Tariff Commission had the 
services of C. E. DeLong. of the Chemical Division, and E. M. Whit- 
comb, of the Accounting Division, of the commission's staff, and of 
others. 



75377—21 



PRODUCTION COSTS IN THE LITHOPONE INDUSTRY, 
FIRST SIX MONTHS OF 1921. 



The Tariff Commission was requested by a committee representing 
the manufacturers of lithopone in the United States to ascertain the 
cost of production of lithopone during the first half of 1921 in order 
that costs, as reported by the commission ^ for the year 1919, might be 
brought to date and be available to committees of Congress in con- 
nection with the revision of the tariff act of 1913. A detailed sched- 
ule was submitted to various manufacturers, with the request that 
they submit their costs of production in accordance with the schedule. 
The reports, as received from the various manufacturers, were tabu- 
lated and were later verified by comparison with the books of the 
companies by members of the commission's staff. 

Costs were reported on a more uniform basis by the manufacturers 
and in greater detail than in the previous investigation, which facili- 
tated the comparison of costs between individual firms. There is 
still, however, a noticeable lack of uniformity among the various 
manufacturers in methods of treating certain cost items. These out- 
standing differences occur in the methods of handling raw material 
charges, determining sales expense, and in the treatment of adminis- 
tratiA'e expenses. 

The average cost of lithopone, shown in this report, is in all cases 
the weighted average ; in no case has a simple average been used in 
presenting the various items of lithopone cost. It is believed that the 
costs as shown are representative of conditions existing in the litho- 
pone industry during the first six months of 1921. 

SUMMARY or CONDITIONS IN THE INDUSTRY. 

Only eight out of a total of 13 firms previously engaged in litho- 
pone production were in operation during the first half of 1921, One 
of the five firms not operating reported that its plant was being 
dismantled. 

In order to show what percentage of the productive capacity of 
the industry in the Ignited States was in actual operation during 
the period for which costs were taken, manufacturers were requested 
to submit the productive capacity of their plants and the actual out- 
put of lithopone during the first half of 1921. An analysis of this 
infornuitioii shows that only about one-third of the entire capacity 
of the domestic industry was in operation during that period; the 
eight firms which were in operation manufactured lithopone equal 

^ Barytfs. Barimn Chomiail and I-ithopono Indiistiics, Inchulinsr Costs of Production, 
1^1!' — 'Paiiff Information Series No. IS. Tlie report givos a description of litlionono, its 
uses, statistics of production, imixjits, and prices, and a discussion of comi>etitive condi- 
tions in tile industry. 

75377—21 2 5 



6 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION. 



to about 40 per cent of capacity. The proportion of productive ca- 
pacity of the various plants in operation ranged from a minimum 
of 14 per cent to a maximum of 65 per cent. 

From the fact that such a small proportion of the domestic in- 
dustry was in operation during this period the deduction should not 
be made that this inactivity was due to competition from imported 
lithopone. A study of production and import statistics shows that 
imports in 1920 were 3,427,321 pounds, or only 2.5 per cent of the 
domestic marketed production of 178,746,000 pounds. Imports for 
the firts six months of 1921 were slightly less than 2 per cent of the 
domestic output. Prewar imports were fairly constant at between 
5,000,000 and 6,000,000 pounds per annum and supplied only a small 
proportion of domestic consumption. It is therefore evident that 
inactivity in the lithopone industry must be attributed to causes 
other than active competition from foreign sources. 

In presenting these lithopone costs it should be pointed out that 
the costs as reported are undoubtedly higher than if all companies 
reporting had been operating at somewhere near capacity. There- 
fore, in considering the competitive strength of the domestic indus- 
try for tariff purposes allowance must be made for this fact. It is 
difficult to estimate to what extent costs would have been lowered if 
the industry had been operating at or near capacity. The effect of 
this suppressed production of lithopone is most accurately reflected 
in the increase in factory overhead cost, as compared with the year 
1919, when the industry was operating — at least%, during the last half 
of that year — at maximum capacity. 

TOTAL COST OF LITHOPONE IN 1921, AS COMPARED WITH 1919. 

Table 1 shows the weighted average cost of lithopone for all com- 
panies during the first six months of 1921 as compared with the same 
six months' periods in 1919. This table shows also the distribution 
of total cost to the items — material, direct labor, factory overhead, 
and selling expense. Column 9 shows the average profit for the in- 
dustry by deducting the total cost from the average net sales price, 
as shown in column 8. 



Table 1. — Weif/litcd average cost of Utliopone for 191 9 and first six months 1921. 

[Per pound.] 



1 
Period. 


2 • 

Production 

(pounds). 


3 

Total 

cost. 


4 

Material 
cost. 


5 

Direct 
labor 
cost. 


6 

Factory 
over- 
head. 


7 

Selling 
expense. 


8 

Average 

net 

sales 

price. 


9 

Appar- 
ent 
average 
profit. 


1921 (first 6 months) 

1919 (first 6 months) 

1919 (last 6 months) 

1919 (12 months) 


45,1.50,036 
.53, 092, 739 
89,426,437 
142,519,176 


so. 0626 
.0605 
.0600 
.0602 


$0. 0263 
.025S 
. 0259 
.0259 


SO. 0082 
.0102 
.0111 
.0108 


$0. 0258 
. 0215 
. 0199 
.0204 


SO. 0023 
.0030 
.0031 
.0031 


SO. 0676 
a. 0671 
a . 0653 
a . 0667 


$0. 0050 
.0066 
.035$ 
.0365 



a Sales price for 1919 is gross price. 



The total production of litlioi)()ne (column 2) for the first six 
months of 1921 amounted to slightly more than 4r),000,()00 pounds. 
As compared with the same period for 1919, this is a decrease of 



PRODUCTION COSTS IN THE LITHOPONE INDUSTRY. 7 

approximately 8,000,000 pounds and is only about one-half the out- 
put during the last six months of 1919. This restricted production 
during the first half of 1921 is undoubtedly responsible for an in- 
crease in the total cost of manufacturing lithopone during 1921 as 



F)6.L-DISTRIBUT/0N OF LlTHOPONE COSTJ 



/3/9 AND I9ZI 



C-Tl.V. lO-ZS-ZI. 



First 3ik months 
1919 I9ZI 




■SALES 




6.05 Cents — /iv. Cost — e.26 Cents 
53,092,739 Pounds - Product/ o'N — 45,150, 036 Pounds 

Ye/\h — 19(9 



3AL£S 




Av. Cost- e.oz cents 
Product/on — 142,5/9, /76 Pounds 



compared with 1919. The total cost (column 3) for the first six 
months of 1921 amounted to $0.0626 per pound, which is an increase 
of $0,002-4 per pound over the average cost for 1919. This increase 
I in total cost is accounted for by the increase of factory overhead 
expense (column G), which was greater by $0,005-4 per pound than 



8 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION. 

for the year 1919. The increase in the factory overhead expense 
more than compensated for a decrease of $0.0026 per pound in direct 
labor cost (cohimn 5) and a slight decrease in selling expenses. The 
material cost per pound of lithopone shows only a slight increase 
over the material cost in 1919. At first glance it seems surprising 
that materia] cost should show an increase over the average cost for 
1919; but the material cost, as shown, includes frieght on material to 
plant, or, in other words, is the actual cost of barytes delivered at 
the various plants of the companies reporting costs. It is very likely 
that the cost of material, disregarding freight charges, was less than 
in 1919, but that any decrease in price of materials has been offset 
by a greater increase in freight rates since 1919. 

The various items going to make up total cost of lithopone is 
shown graphically and by percentages in figure 1 (see p. 7). This 
shows that the total cost of lithopone — $0.0026 — was made up of 42 
per cent for material, 13.1 per cent for direct labor, 41.2 per cent for 
factory overhead, and 3.7 per cent for sales expense. Figure 1 shows 
also the distribution of these items of expense for the first six months 
of 1919 and for the whole year 1919. Whereas in 1919 direct labor 
was 17.9 per cent, in the first six months of 1921 it had decreased to 
13.1 per cent of the total cost. On the other hand, the factory 
overhead increased from 33.9 per cent of total cost for the year 
1919 to 41.2 per cent during the first half of 1921. The cosit of 
material during this period remained practically constant between 
42 and 43 per cent of total cost. Sales expense showed a slight 
decrease from 5.2 per cent of the total cost in 1919 to*3.7 per cent 
during the first six months of 1921. 

The average net price (column 8) received for lithopone sold 
during the first half of 1921 was $0.0676 per pound. This is an 
increase of $0.0009 per pound over gross sales value as reported 
in 1919. Column 9 shows that the industry during this period made 
an apparent average profit of $0,005 per pound of lithopone. Table 2, 
which is discussed later, shows, however, that three of the eight firms 
lost money on lithopone sales during the first half of 1921. 

VARIATIOX IN COST OF LITHOPHONE BY COMPANIES. 

The cost of manufacturing lithopone. by individual companies 
during the first half of 1921 is shown in Table 2, as well as costs by 
companies for the year 1919. Company numbers have been arranged 
in the sequence of total cost of production, both in the first six 
months of 1921 and for 1919. In no case are the costs shown for 
any one number comparable as being costs of the same company for 
both periods. 



PRODUCTION COSTS IX THE LITHOPONE INDUSTRY. 



Table 2. — Detailed average cost of Uthopone hi/ companies. 1919 and first six 

months of J921. » 

[Per pound.] 

1921— FIRST SIX MONTHS. 



1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


Company No. 


Total 
cost. 


Material 
cost. 


Direct 
labor. 


Factory 
overhead . 


Sales 
expense. 


Net sales 
price 


Profit or 
loss (-). 


1 

2 

3 

4 

5 

6 

7 


$0. 0558 
.0575 
.0576 
.0580 
.0376 
.0697 
.0728 
.0773 


$0. 0263 
. 0303 
.0232 
.0282 
.0205 
.0264 
.0232 
. 0332 


SO. 0079 
.0106 
.0104 
. 00.59 
.0091 
. 0133 
.0066 
.0098 


$0. 0203 
.0143 
. 0205 
.0228 
.0371 
.0288 
.0370 
.0321 


$0. 0013 
.0023 
.0035 
.0011 
.0009 
.0012 
.0060 
.0022 


SO 0668 
.0668 
.0674 
.0676 
.0698 
.0668 
.0666 
.0699 


SO. 0110 
.0093 
.0098 
.0096 
.0022 
-. 0029 
-.0062 


8 


-. 0074 






Weighted average 


.0626 


.0263 


.0082 


.0258 


.0023 


.0676 


.0050 



1919— TWELVE MONTHS. 



1 


80. 0529 
.0536 
. 0574 
.0586 
.0609 
. 0835 
.0643 
. 0653 
.0697 
.0744 
.0751 


$0. 0248 
. 0258 
.0221 
.0230 
.0232 
.0283 
.0288 
.0307 
.0251 
.0303 
.0329 


SO. 0058 
.0105 
.0124 
.0154 
. 0083 
.0090 
. 0135 
.0211 
.0111 
.0095 
.0085 


$0. 0203 
.0151 
.0218 
.0166 
.0228 
.0208 
.0201 
. 0121 
.0324 
.0276 
.0274 


SO. 0020 1 
.0022 
.0011 
.0036 
. 0066 
. 0054 
.0019 
. 0014 
.0011 
.0070 
.0083 


SO. 0649 
.0631 

.0546 
.0649 
.0660 
.0687 
.0627 
.0696 


$0. 0120 


2 


.0095 


3 


.0072 


4 


.0063 


5 


.0051 


6 


. 0052 


7 


-.0016 


8 


.0043 


9 




10 


.0714 


-. 0030 


11 










AVeighted average 


.0802 


.0259 


.0108 


.0204 


.0031 i 











Column 2 shows that the variation in total cost of lithopone by 
companies ranged from a low of $0.0558 to a high of $0.0773 per 
pound, or a variation of 38 per cent of the low cost. Four firms 
reported a cost less than the weighted average cost. On the basis 
of actual production, approximately two-thirds of the total output 
during the first half of 1921 was produced at a cost less than the 
weighted average. Although not shown in the table, it is significant 
that neither in 1919 nor in the first half of 1921 did the cost of pro- 
duction vary according to the size of output of -individual firms. 
However, it may be said, in general, that the companies reporting 
lowest costs in 1921 were those operating at a maximum percentage 
of productive capacity. 

Column 3 shows that the material cost per pound of lithopone 
ranged from $0.0205 to $0.0332, or a variation of 62 per cent of the 
loAV cost. Three firms reported a material cost which was lower than 
the average of all firms. 

The direct labor per pound of lithopone (colulnn 4) ranaed from 
$0.0059 to $0.0133, or a variation of 125 per cent of the low cost. 
Three firms reported a direct labor cost which was less than the 
average. 

Factory ovferheadi expense, showli in column 5. ranged from 
$0.0143 per pound of lithopone to $0.0371, or a variation of 160 per 
cent of the low cost. Factory overhead shows a greater variation 
than any other item of factory cost. This may be readily accounted 
for by the wide discrepancy in the percentages of the productive 
capacity of the firms which were in operation. 



10 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION. 



Sales expense reported for 1921 ranged from $0.0009 per pound 
of lithopone to $0,006, on a variation of 600 per cent of the low cost. 
This wide variation in sales expense is due to the fact that some of 
the companies consumed practically all of their own production, and 
therefore they had little sales expense, while some of the other firms 
had to market practically all of their output. 

Column 7 shows that the net sales price received for lithopone 
during the first six months of 1921 was fairly uniform, and varied 
only 5 per cent from the low, $0.0666 per pound, to the highest net 
price received, $0.0699. Six firms reported a net sales price equal to 
or below the weighted average of $0.0676 per pound. 

Column 8 shows the actual profit or loss during the first half of 
1921. Three firms had a loss on their lithopone sales ranging from 
$0.0029 per j)ound to $0.0074, whereas the remaining five firms re- 
ported a profit which ranged from $0.0022 to $0,011 per pound. As 
there was very little difference in the net price received for lithopone 
during 1921, profits were in inverse ratio to the total cost of produc- 
tion. Interest on capital investment and Federal taxes were not 
included as items of expense in arriving at total cost, and therefore 
these factors have had no influence on the average profit or loss 
shown in column 8. 



DETAILS OF MATERIAL COST. 

Table 3 shows details of material cost by companies compared with 
the total factory cost of lithopone. The determination of material 
costs was somewhat complicated by the fact that the method of treat- 
ing materials varied between the various companies. Some kept 
separate accounts for barium sulphide — made from barytes — and for 
zinc sulphate liquor, and these intermediate materials were charged 
to the lithopone account at cost of manufacture. In such cases the 
charges for barium sulphide and zinc sulphate, which were reported 
in detail, were segregated into details of material, direct labor, and 
factory overhead, so as to make the details of the total cost of litho- 
pone comparable by companies. This distribution in no case has 
changed the total cost of lithopone as reported by these companies. 

Table 3. — Details of material cost compared icith total factor]! cost of lithopone, 
hy companies, for -first six months 1921, and icciglitcd averages compared 
icith 1019. 

[Costs are per pound. Percentages are of total factory costs.] 

1921— FIRST SIX MONTHS. 



Company 


Total 

factory 

cost. 


Total material. 


Barytes. 


Zinc. 


All other materials. 


No. 
i 


Cost. 


Per cent. 


Cost. 


Per cent. 


Cost. 


Per cent. 


Cost. 


Per cent. 


1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


1 


$0. 0.545 
. 0552 
.0541 
. 0.569 
.0667 
. 0685 
.0668 
.0751 


$0. 0263 
. 0303 
. 0232 
.0282 
. 0205 
. 0264 
. 0232 
.0332 


48.26 
.54. 90 
42. 90 
49. .56 
30.74 
38. 51 
34. 73 
44.21 


$0. 0103 
. 0095 
. 0083 
. 0099 
. 0072 
. 0093 
.0077 
.0093 


IS. 90 
17.21 
15. 34 
17.40 

10. 80 
13.58 

11. ,52 
12.38 


$0. 0101 
. 0105 
. 0089 
.0117 
. 0084 
.0104 
. 0108 
.0129 


18. ,53 
19.02 
16. 45 
20. .56 
12. 60 
1.5.18 
16.17 
17.18 


$0. 0059 
. 0103 
.0060 
. 0066 
.0049 
.0067 
.0047 
.0110 


10 83 


2 


18. 67 


3 


11.11 


4 


11.60 


5 


7. .34 


6 


9.78 


7 


7.04 


8 


14.65 







PRODUCTIOX COSTS IX THE LITHOPOKE IXDUSTRY. 



11 



Taki.e 3. — Details of niatrrlal cost compared iritlt totaj factory cost, etc. — Contd. 
WEIGHTED AVERAGES FOR ALL COMPANIES. 



Period. 


Total 

factory 

cost. 


Total material. 


Barj-tes. 


7. ! AU other 
^"^^- materials. 


Cost. 


Per 
cent. 


Cost. 


Per 

cent. 


Cost. 


ell ^ Cost. 


Per 
cent. 


1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 9 


10 


1921 (first 6 months) 


$0. 0603 
.0575 
. 0569 
.0571 


SO. 0263 
. 0258 
.0259 
.0259 


43.61 
44.87 
45.52 
45.37 


SO. 0091 
.0079 
.0078 
.0079 


15.09 
13.74 
13.71 
13.84 


$0. 0107 
.0123 
.0126 
.0124 


17.74 !S0.0065 


10.78 


1919 (first 6 months) 


21.39 
22. U 
21.72 


.0056 
.0055 
.0056 


9.74 


1919 (last 6 months) 

1919 (12 months) 


9.67 
9.81 











The total factory cost (column 2) does not include sales expense, 
but is the sum of material, direct labor, and factory overhead charges. 
This column shows a range in cost per pound of lithopone from 
$0.0541 to $0.0751. It is interesting to note that the company which 
had the third lowest total cost of lithopone had the lowest factory 
cost. The weighted average factory cost for the first six months of 
1921 amounted to $0.0603 per pound of lithopone as compared with 
$0.0571, the average for the year 1919. 

It is seen from table 3 (column 1) that the total material cost dur- 
ing the first half of 1921 was about 41 per cent of the total factory 
cost. Of the two primary materials — zinc and barytes — entering into 
the manufacture of lithopone, zinc was slightly more expensive, and 
amounted to $0.0107 per pound, or nearly 18 per cent of the total 
factory cost, whereas the barytes amounted to $0.0091 per pound, 
or 15 per cent of total factory cost. 

The average purchase cost of crude barytes as reported by all firms 
was $14.93 per short ton, as compared with an average of $13.60 in 
1919, or an increase of about 10 per cent. This may be largely, if 
not wholly, attributed to the increase in freight rates from barytes 
mines to the lithopone plants, as by far the larger part of the barytes 
consumed during the first half of 1921 was of domestic origin' 

An analysis of the reports submitted by the manufacturers shows 
that on an average 1.22 pounds of barytes ore and 0.207 pounds of 
zinc (Zn) were consumed for every pound of lithopone produced. 

The cost of all other materials, which include coal used for reduc- 
tion of barytes, ranged from $0.0047 to $0.0110 per pound of litho- 
pone. The weighted average of all firms was $0.0065, or about 11 per 
cent of the total factory cost. This was a slight increase over the 
cost of all other materials in 1919, when the average for the vear 
was $0.0056. 

DETAILS OF FACTORY OVERHEAD. 

Table 4 shows in detail the factory overhead expense compared 
in percentages with total factory cost.' 

Column 4 shows that the total factory overhead amounted to 42.8 
per cent of the total factory cost. The actual cost per pound of 
lithopone is shown in column 3, and amounted to $0.0258 for factory 



12 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION. 



overhead expenses. As previously pointed out, factory overhead 
chiefly accounts for the increase in the total cost of lithopone dur- 
ing the first half of 1921 over 1919. Column 3 shows that the in- 
crease was $0,054 per pound of lithopone, or approximately 25 per 
cent, over the average factory expense for 1919. 

The averdge total factory overhead expense (column 3) was 
$0.0258 per pound of lithopone; this item was made up of $0.0144 
per pound for works expense, $0.0020 for bags and barrels, $0.0039 
for fixed charges, $0.0007 for laboratory, and $0.0048 for adminis- 
tration expenses. 

Table 4. — Details of factory overhead compared icith total factory cost of litho- 
pone, &// cowpanies, for first six months of 1921 and weiglited average coin- 
- pared with 1919. 

[Costs are per pound. Percentages are of total factorj' cost.] 
1921— FIRST SIX MONTHS. 



Company No. 


Total 

factory 

cost. 


Total factory over- 
head. 


Details of factory overhead. 


Cost. 


Percent. 


Works 

expense. 


Bags and 
barrels. 


Fixed 
charges. 


Labo- 
ratory. 


Adminis- 
tration. 


1 


2 


3 


^4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


1 


$0. 0545 
. 0552 
.0541 
. 0.569 
. 0667 
.0685 
. 0668 
.0751 


$0. 0203 
. 0143 
. 0205 
.0228 
.0371 
. 0288 
.0370 
.0321 


37.25 
25.91 
37.90 
40.07 
55.62 
42.05 
55.40 
42.75 


$0. 0136 
.0038 
.0097 
.0102 
.0226 
.0160 
.0289 
.0175 


SO. 0012 
.0019 
.0016 
.0026 
.0017 
.0018 
.0017 
.0026 


$0. 0023 
. 0061 
. 0053 
.0014 
.0117 
. 00S7 
.0019 
.0058 


SO. 0002 
.0008 
.0012 
.0011 
. 0003 
.0002 
(1) 
.0007 


$0 0030 


2 


0017 


3 


0027 


4 


0075 


5 


.0008 


6 


.0021 


7 


0045 


8 


.0055 







WEIGHTED AVERAGES FOR ALL COMPANIES. 



Period. 


Total 

factory 

cost. 


Total factory over- 
head. 


Details of factory overhead. 


Cost. 


Per cent. 


Works 
expense. 


Bags and 
barrels. 


Fixed 
charges. 


Labo- 
ratory. 


Adminis- 
tration. 


1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


1921 (first 6 months) . 
1919 (first 6 months) . 
1919 (last 6 months).. 
1919 (12 months) 


SO. 0603 
. 0.575 
. 0,569 
.0571 


$0. 0258 
.0215 
.•0199 
.0204 


42.79 
37.39 
34.98 
35.73 


$0. 0144 
.0147 
.0140 
.0142 


$0. 0020 
.0014 
.0018 
.0016 


$0. 0039 
. 0025 
.0018 
.0021 


$0. 0007 
.0002 
.0003 
.0002 


$0. 0048 
.0027 
.0020 
.0023 



1 Included in works expense. 



ADDITIONAL COPIES 

OF THIS PUBLICATION MAY BE PROCURED FROM 

THE .SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON, D. C. 

AT 

5 CENTS PER COPY 
V 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 
WASHINGTON 



Tariff Infonnation Series — No. 25 



Preliminary Summary of 

Census of Dyes and Coal -Tar 
Chemicals, 1921 




WASHINGTON 
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

1922 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 
WASHINGTON 



Tariff Information Series — No. 25 



Preliminary Summary of 

Census of Dyes and Coal-Tar 
Chemicals, 1921 




WASHINGTON 
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

1922 



ViLM ->^. \(\yv 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION, 

Office: Eighth and E Streets NW., Washington, D. C. 

COMMISSIOXEUS. 

Thomas O. Marvin, Chairman. 
William S. Culbertson, Vice Chairman. 
David J. Lewis. 
Edward P. Costigan. 
Thomas Walker Page. 
William Burgess. 

John F. Bethune, Secretary. 



LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL. 



United States Tariff Commission, 

Washington, May 11, 1922. 
To THE Chairman: 

The Tariff Commission is in receipt of your letter of May 4, 1922, 
as follows : 

May 4, 1922. 
Hon. Thomas O. Marvin, 

Chairman United States .Tariff Commission, Washington, D. C. 
Dear Mr. Marvi.v: Please furnish for the use of the Committee on Finance any 
information you may have available relati^'e to the 1921 production, imports, exports, 
and prices of coal-tar products and other chemicals. 
Yours sincerely, 

P. J. McCumber, Chairman. 

In compliance with your request the Tariff Commission submits 
the following report, Preliminary Summary of Census of Dyes and 
Coal-Tar Chemicals, 1921, containing data on tJie production, im- 
ports, exports, and prices of coal-tar dves and other coal-tar chemicals 
during 1921. 

Very respectfully, 

Thomas O. Marvin, Chairman. 
William S. Clt^bertson, Vice Chairman. 
David J. Lewis. 
Edward P. Costigan. 
Thomas Walker Page. 
William Blt^gess. 
Hon. P. J. McCumber, 

Chairman Committee on Finance, 

United States Senate, Washington, D. C. 

Ill 






CONTENTS. 



P-igo, 

Letter of transmittal in 

Introduction vii 

Preliminary summary of census of dyes and coal-tar chemicals, 1921 1 

Summary of domestic production, 1921— 

Crudes ^ 1 

Intermediates 1 

Dyes and other finished products — 

Dyes 2 

Color lakes 3 

Photographic chemicals 3 

Medicinals 3 

Perfumes and flavors 3 

Synthetic phenolic resins 3 

Synthetic tanning materials 3 

Summary of production of coal-tar chemicals, 1918-1921 4 

By-products obtained fi'om coke-oven operations, 1919, 1920, and 1921. . 4 

Detailed production of dyes and coal-tar chemicals, 1921 6 

Comparison of production, crudes 6 

[* Production and sales, intermediates 7 

Comparison of production, intermediates, 1920 and 1921 11 

Comparison of imports with production of dyes 12 

Exports of domestic dyes 13 

By months 14 

Production of dyes in Germany — 

Reserved for purchase of allied and associated governments 16 

General production table (domestic) 17 

Comparison, production of dyes and other finished coal-tar products 28 

Prices, domestic dyes 30 

Compared mth invoice values 31 

Dyes imported for consumption in United States, 1921 32 

Summary table 33 

During calendar year 1921 34 

Directory of manufactiu-ers 70 

V 



INTRODUCTION. 

The United States Tariff Commission has reported annually, be- 
ginning with 1917, the progress of the American dye industry. 
These reports in each instance have been based upon reports sub- 
mitted by each manufacturer as to his production of dyes and other 
coal-tar chemicals. 

Since 1919, and in this preliminary report, the production figures 
on dyes have been supplemented by a complete census of dyes im- 
ported for consumption in the United States. Other reports pre- 
pared by the Tariff Commission relating to conditions in the dye 
industry include (1) '"Cost of Production in the Dye Industry, 1918 
and 1919," and (2) ''Dyes and Other Coal-Tar Chemicals, December 
12,1918." 

This preliminary summary is published in compliance with a 
request of the chairman of the Senate Finance Committee. It rep- 
resents a special investigation made by the Tariff Commission as to 
the production and sales of dyes and other coal-tar chemicals in the 
United States. The final report, which will give a more complete 
discussion of the industry in 1921, will appear later under the title 
''Census of Dyes and Organic Chemicals, 1921." There will be 
included in the subsequent report, for the first time, a census of 
synthetic organic chemicals other than those derived from coal tar. 
This preliminary summary is based upon the production of 200 firms 
engaged in the manufacture of products derived from coal tar which, 
it is believed, represents a complete record of all these products 
manufactured in the United States. 

It contains a brief summary of important developments in the 
output of dyes and coal-tar chemicals during 1921. Detailed tables 
are given showing the production of crudes, dyes, and intermediates, 
and other coal-tar chemicals in 1921. In addition these tables con- 
tain, for the first time, the quantity and value of the sales of each 
product. Figures for each product are given in all cases where 
publication does not reveal the operations of individual manufac- 
turers. Prices of a selected list of dyes from 1917 to 1921 are tabu- 
lated with the invoice values of the same dyes imported in 1914. 
Comparison tables showing the quantity of production in 1920 and 
1921 are given; also a comparison of the production of dyes classified 
according to method of application. 

A detailed census of dyes imported for consumption in the United 
States during the calendar year 1921 is contained in the report. 
This tabulation shows the quantity and value of imports of indi- 
vidual dyes and the percentage of the quantity of each dye by coun- 
tries of origin. A list of manufacturers whose production during 
1921 was reported to the Tariff Commission is also included. 

In the preparation of this report the Tariff Commission had the 
services of Warren N. Watson and C. R. DeLong, of the chemical 
division, and of others of the commission's staff. 



I 



PRELIMINARY SUMMARY OF CENSUS OF DYES AND 
COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 



Summary of Doimestic Production, 1921. 

CRUDES. 

The Tariff Commission pointed out in its Census of Coal-Tar Dyes 
and Chemicals, 1920, that the output of coal-tar by the American 
coke ovens was sufficient to meet demands in the coal-tar chemical 
industry for crude materials. A significant feature of the 1921 coke 
output was that an increased percentage of the total was by-product 
coke, with a corresponding decreased percentage from the beehive 
type of ovens, although the total production of coke in 1921 was less 
than in 1920. This mcrease in the proportion of by-product coke 
insures an adequate supply of coal tar for the distillation of coal-tar 
crudes which furnish the basis of all chemical products manufactured 
from coal tar. 

INTERMEDIATES. 

The total production of intermediates m 1921 by 107 different 
manufacturers was 70,899,912 pounds, a decrease of 73 per cent in 
quantity from the 1920 output. The total sales during 1921 were 
'33,637,326 pounds valued at $8,483,463. The average price per 
pound of all mtermediates sold in 1921 was 25 cents per pound com- 
pared with a price of 37 cents per pound for the total production of 
intermediates in the previous year. 

The number of intermediates reported in 1921 was 232 compared 
with 236 in 1920. Of the total number reported m 1921, 49 were 
reported for the first time. Many of these new products were of 
special importance in considering the progress of the industry, as 
they are required in the production of the more complex and faster 
types of dyes and represent a significant development in the industry. 
Several of these new intermediates are used directly in the production 
of dyes upon the fiber and have heretofore been imported. The 
large decrease in the 1921 production of intermediates may be 
attributed to several causes: (1) The loss of most of our export 
trade in dyes, (2) the large stocks carried over from the previous 
year, and (3) a general business depression. There has been a general 
declme in output of intermediates since 1918, due to the fact that at 
that time a large part of the intermediates were consumed for muni- 
tions, f)oison gases, and for special dyes required in large quantities 
for dyemg military cloths. 

In general, the intermediates used in producing those dj^es con- 
sumed in the largest quantity show large reductions. There were, 
however, notable increases in certain mtermediates of the more 
specialized types and the tendency durmg 1921 has been toward 
104937—22 2 1 



2 CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 

the production of intermediates which more nearly represent normal 
domestic requirements. 

During 1921 the export trade in dyes was greatly reduced as com- 
pared with 1920; hence, the intermediates produced in that year 
were used in the manufacture of dyes which more nearly represent 
the needs for consumption of the domestic textile industry. In 
addition to the requirements of the domestic dye manufacturer, 
these intermediates are also used in the production of photographic 
chemicals, medicinals, flavors, perfume materials, synthetic phenolic 
resins, and synthetic tanning materials. There are still a few inter- 
mediates for which production is not yet reported, or reported only 
in small amounts, which should be added to the domestic manufac- 
turing program in order to give a complete line of dyes of domestic 
manufacture. 

The production of coal-tar chemicals used for research and experi-B 
mental purposes totaled 2,012 pounds in 1921, compared with 1,852" 
pounds for the previous year. Total sales of these products amounted 
to 901 pounds, valued at $18,334. These products are essential for 
both technical and scientific research and are a necessary adjunct to 
the development of the domestic coal-tar chemical industry. 

DYES AND OTHER FINISHED PRODUCTS. 

Dyes. — The domestic production of dyes in 1921 by 74 manufac- 
turers totaled 39,008,690 pounds, a decrease of 56 per cent from that 
of 1920. The sales during 1921 totaled 47,513,762 pounds, with a 
value of $39,283,956. The sales exceeded the production by 22 per 
cent, indicating that a part of the domestic consumption for that 
year was supplied from stocks carried over from the previous year's 
abnormal production. The average sales price of dyes for 1921 was 
83 cents per pound compared with $1.08 for 1920 and $1.07 for 1919. 
The greatly reduced output of 1921, as was stated under ''Interme- 
diates," may be accounted for by (1) loss of the most of our export 
trade, (2) the large stocks carried over from the previous year, and 
(3) the business depression. 

The progress of the year includes the manufacture for the first 
time in this country of a large number of dyes of greater complexity 
and more specialized application. The development of these prod- 
ucts is a highly technical achievement and creditable to the industry. 
Dyes of each class (according to application) are among the new 
products manufactured in 1921, and a considerable number of these 
new colors were among the most important colors not heretofore made 
in the United States. This progress has continued during the spring 
of 1922, as production of many new dyes has been reported during 
the first five months of the latter year. 

The production of dyes in 1921, grouped by classes according to 
method of application, is as follows: Acid dyes, 7,751,698 pounds, or 
19.87 per cent of the total production; basic dyes, 1,852,243 pounds, 
or 4.75 per cent; direct cotton dyes, 6,787,634 pounds, or 17.4 per 
cent; sulphur dyes, 10,239,255 pounds, or 26.25 per cent; vat dyes, 
including indigo, 7,019,120 pounds, or 17.99 per cent, the vat colors 
being divided as follows: Indigo, 6,673,968 pounds and other vats 
345,152 pounds; mordant and chrome colors, 3,773,438 pounds, or 9.67 



CENSUS OF DYES AXD COAI.-TAE CHEMICALS, 1&21. 3 

per cent; lake and spirit soluble dyes, 697,444 pounds, or 1.79 per 
cent; unclassified dyes, 887,858 pounds, or 2.28 per cent. 

Color lakes. — -The total output by 43 firms of this class of pigments 
was 6,152,187 pounds compared with 10,983,538 pounds, valued at 
$5,871,820 in 1920. Total sales of color lakes for 1921 amounted to 
6,424,612 pounds, valued at $2,863,189. 

Photograpliic chemicals. — The production by five firms of these 
coal-tar chemicals used as photographic developers, totaled in 1921, 
183,798 pounds compared with 440,759 pounds in 1920. Sales during 
1921 amounted to 170,221 pounds, valued at $248,041. 

Medicinals. — This class of coal-tar products made by 34 firms, may 
be considered one of the most important, as they are essential to the 
Nation's welfare. The highest technical and research skill is required 
in the development and commercial production of these chemicals. 
During 1921 conspicuous progress was made in the development of 
synthetic medicinals of coal-tar origin. The total production for 
1921 was 1,545,917 pounds, including a small c{uantity of disinfec- 
tants, the sales amounting to 1,876,246 pounds, valued at $2,930,324. 
The 1920 production, including a considerable quantit}^ of disin- 
fectants, was 5,184,989 pounds, valued at $5,726,776. Total pro- 
duction figures for 1920 and 1921 are, however, not strictly com- 
parable, due to the large quantity of disinfectants of a relatively low 
value reported in 1920 and the small quantitv of this group reported 
in 1921. 

Perfumes and flavors. — These coal-tar products are closely related 
and certain members of this class are used both as flavors and per- 
fumes. The total output of flavors by 17 firms in 1921 was 901,245 
pounds, compared with 166,884 pounds in 1920. Sales for 1921 
amounted to 933,662 pounds, valued at $1,002,018. The production 
of perfumes by 15 firms in 1921 was 119,335 pounds, compared with 
99,740 pounds for the previous year. Sales in 1921 amounted to 
119,691 pounds, valued at $175,815. 

Synthetic 'phenolic resins. — These products are used as substitutes for 
amber in making pipestems and similar articles, electrical insulators, 
varnishes, and lacquers. The 1921 production by three firms was 
1,643,796 pounds, compared with a production of 4,659,680 pounds 
during the previous year. Sales in 1921 amounted to 1,674,456 
pounds, valued at $1,352,166. 

Synthetic tanning materials. — The output of these products by four 
firms amounted to 1,902,597 pounds in 1921, compared with 3,142,861 
pounds in 1920. The sales were 1,721,359 pounds, valued at $141,005 
durins 1921. 



4 CEXSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 

Table 1. — Summary of the production of coal-tar chemicals, 1918 to 1921, inclusiie. 



Group II— Intermediates. 
Group III: 

Finished products 

Dyes 

Color lakes 

Photograpliic chemi- 
cals 

Medicinals 

Flavors 

Perfumes 

Tanning materials 

Synthetic phenolic re- 



1918 



Number 
of manu- 
factur- 
ers. 



128 



Production . 



Quantity. 



Value. 



Pounds. 
.357,662,251 

76, 802, 959 

58, 464, 448 

9, .590, .537 

316, 749 

3, 623, 352 

458, 256 

116,263 

4, 233, 3.56 



$124,382,892 

83, 815, 746 

62. 026, 390 

5, 020, 023 

823,915 
7,792,984 
4,92.5,627 

584,695 

2, 642, 120 



Niunber 
of manu- 
factur- 
ers. 



116 

1.55 
90 
34 

10 

31 
9 I 
6 1 
1 



Production. 



Quantity. 



Pounds. 
177,362,426 

82,532,390 

63, 402, 194 

7, 569, 921 

335, 509 

6, 777, 988 

610, 825 

41,419 

3, 794, 534 



Value. 



.163,210,079 

84, 585, 544 

67, 598, 855 

4,179,964 

1,059,340 

7, 883, 071 

1,318,654 

164,302 

2,. 381, 358 





1920 


1921 




Nimiher 
of manu- 
factur- 
ers. 


Production. 


Number 
of manu- 
factur- 
ers. 


Produc- 
tion. 


Sales. 




Quantity. 


Value. 


Quantity. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Group II— Intermedi- 
ates 

Group III: 

Finished products . . 

Dves 


119 

161 
82 
43 

3^ 
15 

'i 

4 


Pounds. 
257,726,911 

112,942,227 
88, 263, 776 
10, 983, 538 

440, 759 
5, 184, 989 

166, 884 

99,740 

3, 142, 861 

4,659,680 


$95,291,686 

112, 731,-547 

95, 613, 749 

5, 871, 820 

1,015,848 

5,726,776 

527, 493 

332,008 

23.3,674 

3, 410, 179 


107 

147 
74 
43 

5 
34 

17 
15 
4 

3 


Pounds. 
70,899,912 

51,457,565 
39, 008, 690 
6, 152, 187 

1&3, 798 

1,545,917 

901, 245 

119,335 

1,902, .597 

1,643,796 


Pounds. 
.133,637,326 

6a, 434, 009 

47, 513, 762 

6, 424, 612 

170, 221 

1, 876, 246 

933,662 

119,691 

l,72i;359 

1, 674, 456 


.?8, 483, 463 

47,996,514 

39, 283, 956 

2, .S63, 189 


Color lakes 


Photographic chem- 
icals 

Medicinals 


248, o4 

2,930,324 

1,002,018 

175,815 

141,005 

1,-352,166 


Flavors 

Perfumes 

Tanning materials. . 

Synthetic phenolic 

resins 



Table 2. — By-j)roducts obtained from coke-oven operations in 1919, 1920, and 1921} 
[Mineral Resources— United States Geological Survey.] 



Product. 



Tar. 



Ammonia: 

Sulphate 

Anhydrous, or free ammonia. . . 

Sulphate equivalent 

Gas: 

Distributed through city mains. 

Used in steel or affiliated plant. 

Use.d iiiidor t)oil(TS 

Indusliial purposes 

Public service corporation 

Light oil and derivatives: 

Crude light oil 

Benzol — 

Crude 

Refined 



1919 



Unit. 



Production. 



Quantity. 



Gallons 288,898,764 



Pounds I 544,231,985 

Pounds, N Ha . . . i 50, 535, 639 
Pounds 



Sales, 



Quantity 



217, 980, 143 



557,619,631 
51, 636, 744 



1,000 cubic feet . . ; 5, 238, 486 

-do. 
-do. 
.do. 



-do. 



GaUons., 92,356,750 



.do 44,060,970 

.do i 17,006,532 



138, 179, 761 
49, 655, 732 



44,697,615 
18, 403, 909 



Value 



1 Press notice, United States Geological Survey. 

2 Includes anhydrous ammonia reported as such — and ammonia liquor converted to cquival6nt 




7, 776, 
3,783,552 



CEXSUS OF DYES AXD COAL-TAE CHEMICALS, 1921. 5 

Table 2.^By-pro'lucls ohtaineA from coke-oven operations in 1919, 1920, and 1921 — 

Continued. 



Product. 



Unit. 



Light oil and derivatives — Continued. 

Motor fuel ' do. . 

Toluol— I 

Crude i do. . 

Refined ( do. . 

Solvent naphtha 1 do. . 

Other refined oils I do.. 

Naphthalene — [ 

Crude. ! Pounds. 

Refined do. . 

Other products sold 



Total value of sales 63, 696, 



1919 



Production. 



Quantity. 



Sales. 



Quantity. 



(■') 



1, 160, 136 

3, 915, 489 

575, 885 

3, 549, 998 
2, 763, 271 



, 353, 827 

, 625, 978 

127, 483 

, 038, 456 
, 663, 585 



Value. 



Aver- 
age unit 
value. 



355,990 

552, 853 

18, 358 

82,244 
109, 120 
645, 142 



.263 
.1.52 
.144 

.020 
.041 



I 



Product. 



Unit. 



Tar 

Ammonia: 

Sulphate 

Anhj'drous, or free 

ammonia. 
Sulphate eciuivalent.. 

Gas: 

Uistribyted through 
city mains. 

Used in steel or affili- 
ated plant. ; 

Used under lioilers, : do 

etc. I 



Gallons .360,664,124 



1920 



Sales. 



Production. 



Pounds 675, 816, 486 

Pounds, N H3 ... ' 65, 777, 259 

Pounds I 938, 925, 522 



1,000 cubic feet. 
....do 



U76, 48;-), 744 



Quantity. Value. 



174, 363, 696 

626, 013, 975 
62, 076, 772 

874, 321, 083 

[ 53,220,824 
151, 764, 807 
I 2.5,4.30,288 



$6,378,040 



27, 110, 260 

'■> 8, 585, 173 



■35,695, 433 



15, 716, 888 
14, 301, 095 
2, 216, 335 



32, 234, 318 



Industrial purposes. . .| do I 

Public service corpo- do I 

ration.' j 1 

Eight oil and derivatives: I I 

Crude light oil ' Gallons ' 109,709, 

Benzol— I I 

Cnide I do 

Refined 1 do 

Motor fuel ' do 

Toluol— [ 

Crude do 

Refined do 

Solvent naphtha ] do 

Otlici- rclincd oils | do 

Xaphllialene — 1 

Crude 1 Pounds 11,246, 

Refined ' do I 2,921, 



Aver- 
age unit 
value. 



$0. 037 

.043 
.1.38 

.041 

.295 
.094 
.087 



.140 



8, 747, 
16, 977, 
57, 645, 

287, 
2, 710, 
5,678, 



1,067,045 ' 6 126,158 



1, 510, 420 
15, 720, 356 
55, 764, 265 



401, 296 
4, 096, 527 
12,644,931 



.118 

.266 

.260 

2''7 



2, 470, 364 
4, 695, 464 



740,722 .300 
S.51,048 I .181 



Other products .sold 

Total value of sales. 



11,507,703 
2, 941, 059 



307,999 
179, 975 

I 19,:J48,656~ 

s 36, 317" 

9 93, 692, 764 



.027 
.061 



1921 



Estimated 
produc- 
tion.* 



233, 000, 000 



607, 000, 000 



1-308, 000, 000 



71,000,000 



' Included in crude benzol. 

* Estimated by a ^sinaing that the quantity of the several by-products obtained li.)re the same relation 
to the known production of col^c in 1921 as in 1920. The recoveries per ton of coal charged in 1920 were a 
follows: Animmia (snlptialc or equivalent), 21.4 pounds; tar, 8.2 gallons; crude light oil. 2.7 gallons; gas 
10.8 M cuV)i(- feet. 

'• Mostly ammonical liquor, rejiorted in content of NH-i. 

6 The quantity of crude light oil refine.l by the producer amounted to 10;),.5!)4,417 gallons. 

' The benzol content of motor fuel range 1 from 50 to 100 per cent. 

* Includes coal-tar oil, crude heavv solvent, carljon, and pyridin oil. 

9 Exclusive of coke breeze, of wlii'-h 2,4ti(),.si.-) tons was produced and 5i3,019 tons was sold at a value of 
$1,249,004. 



6 census of dyes and coal-tar chemicals, 1921. 

Detailed Production of Dyes and Coal-Tar Chemicals, 1921. 

Table 3. — Production of coal-tar crudes during 1921, hy firms not primarily engaged in 
the operation of coke-oven plants and gas houses. 

[The iiuin)3ers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers given on 
page 70. An X indicates that the corresponding product was made by a manufacturer who did not 
consent to the publication of his name in connection therewith. Blanks in the third and fourth columns 
indicate that there was actual production of the corresponding article, but that the figures can not be 
published without revealing the output of individual firms.] 



Name. 



Total crudes i 

Benzene gallons. 

Toluene do. . . 

Xylene do. . . 

Naphthalene, crude pomids. 

Anttoacene, 25 per cent pure do . . . 

Carbazol, crude, 60 per cent do. . . 

Cresol gallons. 

Pyridine do. . . 

Solvent naphtha do. . . 

Dead or creosote oil do. . . 



Antliracene oil do. . . 

Pitch of tar tons. 



Other distillates gallons. 

Refined tars barrels. 



Manufacturers' identifica- 
tion number (according to 
list on page 70. 



17, 23, 35, 42, 118, 128, X. 
17,35, 128 

17. 



13, 17, 29, 35, 42, 46, 87, 99, 
118, 138, 145, 153,X,X,X. 

17, 138, 145, X, X 

138 



17, 138, X 

17,113 

13, 17, 35, 42, 87, 128, 145, X. 

13, 17, 23, 28, 29, 42, 46, 71, 85, 

99, 118, 138, 145, 153, 166, 

x,x,x, x,x. 

138, 145, X,X 

13, 17, 23, 28, 29, 42, 46, 71, 85, 

99, 118, 138, 145, 153, 160, 

174, X. 
13, 17, 23, 28, 42, 46, 85, 87, 99, 

138, 153, X. 
13, 17, 23, 46, 71, 85, 99, 118, 

138, 145, 153, X, X, X. 



Quantity. 



2,171,631 



16,949,464 
1,604,717 



649,694 
28, 864, 156 



2,857,391 
347,011 



6,562,332 
1,029,282 



Value. 



$17,936,160 
463,205 



380, 167 
83,707 



111,286 
3, 188, 867 



519,347 
6,514,200 



1,209,291 
5,196,427 



Value per 
unit. 



3.21 



.02 

.05 



.17 
.11 



.18 

18.77 



1 The instructions sent to manufacturers were as follows: 

Include under "dead or creosote oil" only products which may be used for creosoting. 

Include under "other distillates" shingle-stain oils, disinfectant oils, and flotation oils which do not 
contain over 5 per cent phenol. Include under "refined tars" those tars wliich are used for road treat- 
ment, satmating felt, and for protective coatings. Phenol and all distillates which on being subjected 
to di.stillation yield in the portion distilling below 200° C. a quantity of tar acids equal to or more than 5 
per cent of the" original distillate are not to be included here, but are to be placed in Group II. 

Cresol, for the purpose of this report, is defined as a distillate containing more than 5 per cent of phenol 
and at least 50 per cent of the isomeric cresols. 

Table 4. — Comparison of production of coal-tar crudes, 1920 and 1921, by firms not 
primarily engaged in the operation of coke-oven plants and gas houses. ' 



Name. 



Total crudes 

Benzene gallons . . 

Naphthalene, crude pounds. . 

Anthracene, 25 per cent pure. do 

Solvent naphtha gallons . . 

Dead or creosote oil do . . . . 

Anthracene oil do 

Pitch of tar tons.. 

Other distillates gallons. . 

Refined tar barrels. . 



1921 



Quantity. 



2,171, 

16, 949, 

1, 604, 

649, 

28, 864, 

2, 857, 

347, 

6,562, 

1,029, 



Value. 



$17,936,160 

463, 205 

380, 167 

8:5,707 

111,286 

3,188,867 

519,347 

6,514,200 

1,209,291 

5, 196, 427 



Value 
per unit. 



$0. 21 
.02 
.21 
.17 
.11 
.18 

18. 77 

.18 

5. 05 



1920 



Quantity. 



875, 561 

26,:393,411 

2, 829, .500 

472, 000 

37, 5.57, 245 

3,21^,102 

342, 401 

8, 052, 242 

1,. 386, 056 



Value. 



$21,163,937 

287, 586 

791,403 

114,661 

74,669 

4, 395, 290 

59:5, 839 

5, 245, 554 

1, 577, 727 

7, 582, 553 



Value 
per unit. 



$0.33 
.03 
.04 
.16 
.12 
.18 

15. 32 
.20 

5.47 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 7 

Table 5. — Production and sales of coal-tar intermediates during 1921. 

[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on 
page 70. An X signifies that the corresponding intermediates were made by a manufacturer who did 
not consent to the publication of his name in connection therewith. Blanks in the third and fourth 
columns indicate that there were sales of the corresponding intermediates in the United States during 
1921, but that the figures can not be published without revealing information in regard to the sales of 
individual firms. The blank space in the sixth column indicates that there was actual production of 
the corresponding intermediates in the United States during 1921, but that the figures can not be pub- 
lished without revealing information in regard to the output of individual firms. The details thus con 
cealed are, however, included in the totals. Reports have been received from all firms known to be 
manufacturers.] 





Manufacturers' identi- 
fication number (ac- 
cording folist on p. 

70). 


Sales, 1921. 




Common name . 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Average 
price per 
poimd. 


Production, 
1921. 


Total intermediates 




Pounds. 
33,637,326 


8,483,463 


$0.25 


Pounds. 
70, 899, 912 




3,22,34, 112,124,145.. 
53,64,69, 114, 116,145. 

34, 53, 145 




Acetanilide, tech 


12,865 


2,957 


.23 
1.63 


1,152,713 


Acetyl- p-phenvlenediamine (p- 


84,742 


amino acetanilide). 
Acetyl-p-toluidine 








a-Amino anthraquinone 


10 










b-Amino antliraqulnone 


53, 114, 116 










Amino-azo-benzene 


27, 34, 53, 55, 69, 70, 72, 

93, 114, 145. 
27. 34 .i3 69 72. 114 






.97 
.63 


49 763 


Aminn-a/n-tnlupiip 






35, 867 


•j ii7.' 

p-Aminobenznic acid 1 If, lift laa 








p-Amino dimethvlanilLne 


X 










Amino diphenvlamine-o-sulfonic 












acid. 
l-Amino-2-naphthol - 4 - sulfonic 


22, 34, 53, 93, 117, 145, 

X. 
34, 114, 116 






.82 


449,996 


acid. 
1-Amino-S-naplithol - 4 - sulfonic 








acid. 
l-Amino-S-naphthol-2 : 4-disul- 


53, 114 










fonic acid (Chicago acid). 
l-Aniino-8-naphthol-3 : 6-disul- 

fonic acid(H acid). 
2-Amino-.5-naphthol - 7 - sulfonic 


22, 53, 69, 109, 111, 114, 

116, 117, 122. 
53, 114, 116 


988,277 


945,945 


.95 


1,039,323 


acid (,T acid). 
2-Amino-S-naphthol - 6 - sulfonic 

acid (Gamma acid). 
2-Amino-phenol-4-sulfonic acid. . . 


22,24,27,93, 114, 116.. 
117 


.32,528 


68,373 


2.10 


218,717 


o-Aminophenol 


8, 144, 163, 167 


9,366 


21,581 


2.30 

.95 

1.39 


12, 775 


o-Aminophenol-p-sulfonic acid. . . 


22, 69, 114, 117, 167 


54,355 
72,572 


p-Aminophenol and hydrochlor- 
ide. 
Aminophenyltolylamine sulfonic 


8, 31, .53, 93, 116, 144, 

163, 167. 
116 


40,587 


5.6, 275 


acid. 
Aminosalicvlic acid 


24, 45, 53, 114 










Anilido benzene thiazol and de- 


X 










rivatives. 
Aniline oil 


24, 27, .53, 108, 112, 114, 

134, X, X. 
24, 72, 114, X 


5,259,598 
366,533 


1,161,381 
97, 225 


.22 
.27 


5, 639, 234 


Aniline salt (and sulphate) 




Aniline for red 


114 ... 




o-Anisidine 


114, 116 










Anthracene blue, base 


114 










Anthracene, refined 


138 










Antliranilic acid (o-aminoben- 


53, 61, 112, 160 






.34 
1.59 


35,616 


zoic). 
Anthraqvnnone 


19, 53, 88, 114, 141, 156. 
10, 69, 114 


29,422 


46, 700 


125,358 


.Anthraquinone-l : .")-disulfonic 


acid. 
.\nthraquinone-l : .>and-l :S-di- 


116 










sulfonic acid. 
Anthraquinone-2- sodium sulfo- 


10, 19, .53, 116 










nate (silver salt). 
Anthraquinone-4:.'<-dini t r o-l:.> 


116 










disulfonic acid. 
Arsanilic acid 


1 
47 i 










Benzalchloride and beuzolrichlo- 


61, X ' 










ride. 
Benzaldehvde 


' 1 

61,89,124, 143,162, X..' 
10, 53, 116 ' 


82, 234 


.59, 217 


.72 


66, 365 


Benzanthrone 




Benzidine base and sulfate 

Benzoate of soda 


2,6,22, .53,70, 111,114, i 
116, 161, X. 

79, 124, 144, X, X 

79, 124, 143, 144, X i 


277,388 

413, .595 
29,734 


235,076 

236,784 
18, 432 


.85 

..57 
.62 


328,577 
381, 1.54 


Benzoic acid, U. S. P 


190,483 



CENSUS OF DYES AXD COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 
Table 5. — Production and sales of coal-tar intermediates during 1921 — Continued. 





Manufacturers' identi- 
fication number (ac- 
cording to list on p. 
70). 


Sales, 1921. 




Common name. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Average 
price per 
pound. 


Production, 
1921. 


Benzoic acid, tech 


79, 144 


Pounds. 






Pounds. 


Benzoyl benzoic acid 


116 










Benzoyl chloride 


79 










Benzyl acetate 


X 










Benzyl alcohol 


89, 144, 150, 162, X, 

X, X. 
X 


9,9.59 


10, 142 


1.02 


17 152 


Benzylamine 






61, 79, 124, 143, 162 






.22 


473, 296 


Broenner's acid, see 2-naphthyl- 








aniine-ij-sulfonic acid. 
Bromobenzene '. 


61 










Carbazol, refined 


61 










o-Chlorobenzaldehyde 


114 










Chlorobenzanthrone 


53 










Chlorobenzene (mono) 


79, 93, 143 






.10 


1,692,624 


ChlorometaniUc acid 


64 






Chlorouaphthalene 


X 











l-Chbro-S-naphthol-3:f-disulfcnic 

acid. 
2-Chloro-5-nitrotoiuene-4-sulfonic 


114 










145 










acid. 
Chlorotoluene 


114 










2-Cnlor >>;5.uiiine-4-sulfonic acid 


97, 106, 145 










Chromotropic acid, see 1:8-Dihy- 












droxy naphthalene-3:6-disul- 
fonic'acid. 


89, 150, X, X 


807 


2,538 


3.14 


778 


Creosote oil, containing more 


13, 46, 174 




than 5 per cent tar acids. 
Cresol-ortho, meta and para 


17, 102 










o-Cresol, purity of 90 per cent or 
more. 


17, 151 










X. .... 










Dehydrothio-p-toiuidine sulfonic 

acid. 
l:.5-Diamino anthraquinone 


59,64, 114, X 






1.62 


18,204- 


10 








2:6-D i a m in p h e n ol-4-sulfonic 

acid. 
Diaminostilbene disulfonic acid.. 


117 










.59,114,116 






2.08 


65,909 




53, 114, 116 








l-Diazo-2-napthol-l-siilfonic acid. 


22, 93, 117 











116 












5,116 












93 












53,79,93, 121, 143 

53 


375, .543 


01,3b3 


.16 


402, 289 


Dicthvl-m-aminophenol. . . 






30, 53, 76, 114, 152 






1.3d 


32, 812 


l:5-Dihydroxy-anthraquinone. . . 
r..J-Dihydroxy-4:,S-Jinilroanthra- 

quinonc-3:6-disulfonic acid. 

l:5-DUiydroxynaphthalene 

1 :8-D i h y d r ox>aiaphthalene-3:6- 

disulfonic acid (chromotropic 

acid). 


114 








116 










69, 116, 117 ... 










53, 114, 116 ... 










6, 24, 27, 53, 103, 114, X.. 
114 


390,931 


210,910 


..54 


566,286 


Di( 1-n aphthol-3-sulfonic )-urea. . . . 




53 












114 












14, 24, 53, 114, 103 

Ill 


333, 528 


72, 607 


.22 


894. 209 








14 53, 69, 93, 114, 170.. 






.24 


2, 408, 472 




116 










110 










Dinitrohydroxyphenylamine 


110 










110 













14 09 












117 












14,53 55 65,72, 114,116 
.53 


182. 229 


41,560 


.23 


1,005,323 






bi[)lienyhn('thane and sulfonate. 


114 










114 












114 










Eth\ l-|)-;uiiinoacetanilide 


114 










110 












30 5,3, 70 152, 1^4 






.90 


10, 949 


ElhvIbeii/-\ hiiiilinc .-iulfonie acid. 


30, 114 









i 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 9 

Table 5.— Production and sales of coal-tar intermediates during 1921 — Continued. 





Manufacturers' identi- 


Sales, 1921. 




Coin m on name. 


flcation number (ac- 
cording to list on p. 
70). 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Average 
price per 
pound. 


Production, 
1921. 


E thylbenzylaniline disulf onic acid 


30, 64 


Pounds. 






Pounds. 


Flavanthrene 


116 






:: 


Fluorescein 


72, 114 










Form aldehy de-p-amino-dimethy- 


X 










laniline. 
Freund's acid. (See 1-naphthy- 

lamine-3:6-disulfomc acid.) 
Formanilide 


145 X 










Gamma acid. (See 2-amino-8- 
naphthol "Vdisulfonicacid). 

H Acid. (See l-amino-8-naph- 
thol-3:6-disulfonic acid.) 

m-Hydroxv benzaldehvde 


30 










b-Hydroxy naphthoic acid 


34,53 










b-Hvdroxy naphthoic anilide 


53 










b-Hydroxv naphthoic toluide — 


53 










p-Hydroxy phenvl arsenic acid 


47, 105 










and sodium salt. 
Indanthrene blue RS 


lie 










Laurent's acid. (See 1-naphthy- 

lamine-o-sulfonic acid.) 
Metanilic acid 


5,53,55,72,114,117X... 
X 


10, 570 


8,876 


.84 


50,647 


Methylene aniline 


Methylene base 


53 










Methylene diphenvldiamine 


X 










Michler'shydrol. (See Tetrameth- 

yldiaminobenzhy drol . ) 
Michler's ketone, (See Tetrame- 

thyldiaminobenzophenone.) 
Monoethylaniline 


30, 53, 7fi, 114 






1.70 
.06 


27 479 


Naphthalene, solidifying 79° C. 

or above (refined, flake). 
Naphthalene-l:5-disulfomc acid. . 


13, 17, 29, 99, 138, 143, 

166, 174, X. 
69 


13, 183, 142 


740, 955 


13, 553^ 777 


Naphthalene-2:7-disuIfonic acid. . 
a-Naphthol 


145 










34 72 80 114, 155 






1.11 
.39 


95,735 
2,959,049 


b-Naphthol, tech 


24, 27, 34, 53, 72, 130, 

145. 
24, 130 


2,263,601 


891,029 


b-Naphthol, U. S. P 


l-Naphthol-4-siilfonic acid (Ne- 
ville & Winther's acid). 
l-Naphthol-5-sulfonic acid 


2, 24, 27, 34, 45, 53, 114, 

116, 117. 
5, 53, 114, 116, 117 


6,680 


8,173 


1.22 

1.45 



182,595 
92 571 


l-Naphthol-3:8-disulfonic acid.,. 


2 




.. 




l-Naphthol-3:6:8-trisulfonic acid.. 


27,53,114, 116 






.55 


178,906 


2-Naphthol-l-sulfonic acid 


56, 130 






2-Naphthol-6-sulfonlc acid 


5, 34, 55, 69, 114, 116, 

117. 
34, 145 






.73 


168,835 


(Schaeffer's acid). 
2-Naphthol-7-sulfonic acid 






2-Naphthol-S-sulfonic acid 


X 










2-Naphthol-3:6-disulfonic acid 

2-Naphthol-6:8-disulfonic acid 


2, 22, 24, 27, 34, 53, 54, 
69, 114, 116, 117, 145, 
146, 160, 164. 

22, 24, 27, 34, 53, 54, 
114, 145. 

17,53,93, 116 


66,968 


43,323 


.65 

.68 

.34 

1.13 

.42 

.84 


322,902 
396 926 


a-Naphthylamine 






429,035 
102 079 


b-Naphthylamine 


34 53 114 130 


28,642 


32,453 


l-Naphthylamine-4-sulfonic acid 


2, 27, 45, 53, 72, 93, 114, 

116,117, X. 
27, 53, 64, 69, 114, 117, 

137. 
53, 114 


832' 850 


(naphthionic acid). 
l-Naphthylamine-5-sulfonic acid 

(Laurent's acid). 
l-Naphthylamine-6-sulfonic acid 
l-Naphthylamine-6 and 7-sul- 

fomc acid. 
l-Naphthylamine-S-sulfonic acid. 
l-Naphthylamine-2:4:8-tri sul- 
fonic acid. 
l-Naphthylamme-3:8-d i sulfonic 

acid. 
l-Naphthylamine-4: 8-disulfonic 
l-Naphthylamine-3:6:&-t r i s u 1- 

fonic acid. 
2-Naphthylamin6-l -sulfonic acid . 
2-Naphthylamine-6-sulfonic acid 

(Broenner's acid). 
2-Naphthylamine-4:S-dlsulfonic 

acid. 






166,616 






34,116 










53,64,69,114,117,137 .. 






.96 


533, 755 


114 








2,34,116 










34, 114,116 






1.04 
.51 

1.57 


260,823 
2,026,003 

149,014 


22,53,69,114,116,122.. 






5,34,56, 130,145, X... 
34 114, 116. . .. 


38,736 


60,689 


116 





















104937—22- 



10 CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 

Table 5. — Production and sales of coal-tar intermediates during 1921 — Continued. 





Manufacturers' identi- 
fication number (ac- 
cording to list on p. 
70). 


Sales, 1921. 




Common name. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Average 
price per 
pound. 


Production, 
1921. 


2-Naphthylamine-5:7-(iisulfonic 

acid. 
2-Naphthylamine-6:8-disulfonic 

acid. 
Neville and Winther's acid, see 


53,114,116 


Pounds. 






Pounds. 


22,53, 114, 116 






1.11 


247 357 










l-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid. 


S4, 114, 145, X 






.68 


288 748 




69, 167 










53,163 










p-Nitroaniline 


6, 22, 34, 53, 116, 144, 

145, 157. X. 
5,53,64,69, 145, 167... 


621,559 


526,403 


.85 
1.27 


832,438 
64,480 


p-Nitroaniline-o-sulfonic acid 

o-Nitroanisole 

m-Nitrobenzaldehyde 


114, 116 






114 










Nitrobenzene (oil of myrbane) . . . 
Nitrobenzidine sulphate. . 


24,27,53,114,116,134, 

X. 
116 


957,556 


112,643 


.12 


7,443,192 


p-Nitrobenzoic acid 


144 










m-Nitrochlorobenzene . . 


14....: 










o-Nitrochlorobenzene 


14,112 










p-Nitrochlorobenzene 


14,53, 112, 114 


119,495 


27,202 


.23 


51,744 


p-Nitrochlorobenzene-o-sulfonic 

acid. 
p-Nitiochlorobenzenc-6-sulfonic 

acid. 
8-Nitro-l-diazo-2-naphthol-4-sul- 

fonic acid. 
3-Nitro-4-hydroxy phenyl arsonic 

acid. 
Nitronaphthalene . 


5,53 


145 










22 










47, 105, 110 










17,53, 116 










2-Nitronaphtha]ene-4:8-d i s u 1- 


34 










fonic arid. 
o-Nitrophenol 


8, 70, 163, 167 


24, 368 


15, 853 


.65 

.72 


50, 661 


p-NitrophcnoI 


8, 53, 112, 116, 163, 167. 
117 


86, 216 • 


2-Nitrophenol-4-sulfonic acid 








Nitrosobetanaphthol . 


X 
















.99 


104, 690 


p-Nitrosodimethylaniline 

Nitrosophenol 

Nitrosulfo anthrarufin 

Nitrotoluene 

o-Nitrotoluene 

p-Nitrotoluene-o-sulfonic acid 

p-Nitrotoluene 

m-Nitro-p-toluidine. 


151. 
114 








14, 31, 69, 77, 93, 114, 

157. 
114 






.58 


111,681 








14,34, 53,55, 72, 116, X. 
14,53,65, 114, 116, X.. 
5,34,64, 114, 116.... 






.13 
.09 
.39 
.50 

2.79 


2, 342, 098 
727, 177 
321,264 


39, 054 


3, 337 


14, 34, 5.3, 65, 114, 116, 

X. 
34, 53, 145. . 


35, 886 
4.5, 126 


19.185 
125, 768 


566, 551 
70 094 


p-Nitro-o-toluidine 

Nitroxylene 

Oxalylarsanilic acid 


160 




24,27,34, 116 






.14 


191,840 


110 








Phenazine 

Phenol 

Phenyl-a-na'ihthylaminc 

PhenyI-I-naphthylamine-8- sul- 
fonic acid. 
m-Phenylenediamine 

m-Pheiiylcnediamine sulfonic 

acid. 
p-Phenylenediamine 


93 










17, 102, 143. 


292, 645 


41,617 


.14 




22, 53. 




.53, 64, 69, 114, 117, 137 






.98 

1.06 


204, 647 


8,14,24,30,53,69,111, 

114, 116, 163. 
53 


96,777 102,919 


301,169 


144, 145, 157 


124, 954 


212,613 


1.70 




Phcnylglyriiie, .sodium salt 

Phenyl hydrazine-p-sn)fonic acid 

Phthalamide 

Fhthalic acid and anhydride. . . . 
Picramic acid 


114 






24, ,53 










160 




. 






.53, 112, X 


202,471 j 79,162 
35, 706 23. N5S 


.39 
.67 




22, 24, .53, 114, X 

64, 114, 126 


254,904 


Primuline 




' 


QuinoMnc vcllow, base.. 


lU 










Resorcinol,' U. R. P. and tech 


114, 127, 1.39, X 


33, 268 


59,696 


1.79 


35,483 




.50 




Salicylic acid, U. S. P 

Salicylic acid, tech 


.52,108,112, 143, X 

.53, 108, 112, 143, X 


i,i.S,5,662 ' 279,072 
131,, 532 ! 25,725 

1 


.24 
.19 


1,722,575 
1,777.7.52 


Schaelfcr's acid . (Set 2-naphthol- 
6-sulfonicacid). 





CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEiNIICALS, 1921. 11 

Table 5. — Production and sales of cal-tar intcimcdiatcs during 192 l^Q owtiuued . 



1 1 

Manufacturers' identi- 1 


Sales, 1921. 






Common name. 


fication number (ac- 
cording to list on p. 
70). 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Average 
price per 
pound. 


Production, 
1921. 




Pounds. 
6,24,27,34,53,69,72, 171,117 

114,16.3. 
83 . - 


$41,636 


$0.24 


Pounds. 
1,071,904 






o-Sulfo benzoic acid and ammo- 
nium salt. 


83 










53,54,64,69,114 







2.25 


.58, 582 


(Michler'.'^ hydrol). 
Tetramethyldiaminobenzophe- 

none (Michler's ketone). 
Tetramethyldiaminodiphenlyl- 

methane". 
Thioeaii lanilide 


22 .53 








54 64 










114,134, 151, X,X,X... 
53 111 114 116 


376,368 


157,046 


.42 


1,185,462 


Tolidine distilfonic acid 

o-Toluene sulfamide 

p-Tolueiie sulfamide 

p-Toluene sulfochloride 

p-Toluene .sulfo ethyl ester 


X 










70,112 










112 . . 










112 






1 


114 








53,65, 114, X 


148, 107 
83,324 
92, 347 


38, 128 
21,065 
52,985 


.28 


o-Toluidine 

p-Toluidine 

o-Toluidine sulfonic acid 

p-Toluidine-o-.sulfonic acid 

m-Tolylenediamine 

m-Tolylenediamine sulfonic acid. 

p-Tol vlenediamine 

Tolylmethane 

Tolyl-l-naphtliylamuie-8-sulfonic 
acid. 

Triphenylguanidine 

Triphenylphosphate 

Xylidine and salt 


14,53,65, 114, 116, X.... 
14, 34, 53, 65, 114,1 16, X. 
6,o3 72 114 


.25 208,505 
.57 268,629 
. 50 33, 923 


34 






1 


8,14,53,55,69.93, 114, 

116. 
114 


147,259 


167, 796 


1.14 621,359 

1 


14 j 




1 


114 1 




1 


114 




1 


114 








142 








24,27,34,53,114,116....! 9,215 
116 1 


4, .503 


.49 


119,218 


Other intermediates 




1 









Table (5. — Comparison of the production of coal-tar intermediates, 1920 and 1921. 



Name. 



Total intermediates 

Acetanilide, tech 

Acetyl-p-phenylenediaraine (p-amino acetanilide) 

Amino-azo-beiizene 

l-.\mitio-2-na|)hthol-4-sulfonic acid 

l-Amino-s-naphlhol-3:6-disulfonic acid (H acid) . . 
■-'-Aniiiio-s-iiaphthol-O-sulfonic acid (Gamma acid) 

|i-Aniiiioi)henol and hydrochloride 

.\llllilH' oil 

Anihraiuinoiie 

Benzaldchvde 

Benzidine base and sulfate 

Benzoate of soda 

Benzyl alcohol 

Benzyl chloride 

Chlorobenzcne (mono) 

Cinnamic acid 

Dehydrolhio-p-toluidme sulfonic acid 

Diaiiiiiiosi ill)cnp disulfonic acid 

p-Dichlorol)('nzene 

Dielhylaniline 

Dimcf hylaniline 

Uiniirobenzene 

DinilrcK-hlorobenzene 



Total production. 



1921 


1920 


quantity. 


ciuantity. 


Pounds. 


Pounds. 


70,899,912 


257,726,911 


1,152,713 


2,667,252 


84, 742 


97, 275 


49, 763 


152,310 


449,996 


971,370 


1,639,323 


5,180,993 


218,717 


418,456 


72, 572 


41,474 


5, 639, 234 


39, 234. 186 


125,358 


539,619 


66,365 


702, 543 


328, 577 


2, 183, 583 


381,154 


812, 193 


17, 152 


38,807 


473, 296 


1,246,412 


1,692,624 


4, 829, 142 


778 


11,517 


LS,204 


51,961 


66,909 


142, 227 


402. 289 


465, 292 


32, 812 


180, 542 


566,286 


.5,447,107 


894, 209 


2, 492, 178 


2, 408, 472 


.5, 947, 791 



12 CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 

Table 6. — Comparison of the production of coal-tar intermediates, 1920 and 1921 — ^Con. 



Name. 



Dinitrotoliiene , 

Ethylbenzylaniline , 

Metanilic acid 

Naphthalene, solidifying 79° C. or above (refined flake) 

b->Japhthol, tech. . . ." 

l-Naphthol-4-sulfonic acid (Neville & Winther's acid). 

2-Naphthol-6-siilfonic acid (Schaefler's acid) , 

2-Naphthol-3:6-disiiifonic acid 

2-Naphthol-6:S-disulfomc acid , 

a-Naphthylamine 

l-Naphthylannne-4-sulfonic acid (naphthionic acid) 

l-Naphthylamine-5-sulfonic acid (Laurent's acid) 

l-Naphthylamine-8-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-3:6:8-trisulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-l-sulfonic acid 

2-NaphthyIamine-6:8-disulfonic acid 

p-Nitroacetanilide 

p-Nitroanihne 

Nitrobenzene (oil of myrbane) 

p-Nitrochlorobenzene 

p-Nitrophenol 

Nitrosodim ethyl aniline 

Nitrosophenol 

Nitrotoluene 

o-Nitrotoluene 

p- Nitrotoluene 

m-Nitro-p-toluidine 

Nitroxylene 

m-Pheiiylenediamine 

Picramic acid 

Resorcinol, U. S. P. and tech 

Salicylic acid, U.S.P 

Salicylic acid, tech 

Sulfanilic acid 

Tetramethyldiaminobenzhydrol (Michler's hydrol) 

Thiocarbanilide 

o-Toluidine 

p-Toluidme 

m-Tolylenediamine 

Xylidine and salt 



Total production. 



1921 
quantity. 



Pounds. 

1, 065, 323 

16, 949 

50, 647 

13,553,777 

2, 959, 049 

182, 595 

168, 835 

322, 902 

396, 926 

429, 035 

832, 850 

166,616 

.533, 755 

2, 026, 003 

149, 014 

247,357 

288, 748 

832, 438 

7, 443, 192 

51, 744 

86, 216 

104, 690 

111,681 

2, 342, 098 

727, 177 

566, 551 

70,094 

191,840 

301,169 

254,904 

35, 483 

1,722,575 

1,777,752 

1,071,904 

58, 582 

1.185,462 

' 208, 505 

268, 629 

621, 359 

119,218 



1920 
quantity. 



Pounds. 

1, 847, 191 

159,636 

499,304 

30,230,734 

11,920,714 

561, 929 

475,243 

1, 250, 674 

1,446,605 

5, 177, 547 

3, 773, 191 

294,352 

562,939 

3,921,950 

325, 036 

894, 624 

569, 728 

2, 138, 492 

53, 244, 008 

959, 405 

125,693 

155,986 

167, 855 

6, 100, 618 

2, 173, 279 

2, 004, 089 

71,197 

1, 649, 934 

658, 313 

138,350 

139,315 

2,663,494 

3, 914, 163 

1, 796, 838 

88, 583- 

2, 226, 807 

1,302,097 

894, 169 

689, 036 

1,054,476 



Table 7. — Comparison of imports 1914 and 1921 with the production of dyes 1917 to 

1921, inclusive, by classes. ^ 



Class. 



Acid , 

Basic , 

Direct 

lyake and spirit soluble 
Mordant and chrome. . 

Sulphur 

Vats (inclufling indigo) 

(a) Indigo 

(ft) Other vats 

Undassincd 

Total 



1914 (fiscal year). 



Imports- 



Pounds. 
0, 286, 501 
3, 002, 480 

10, 264, 757 
1,. 512, 605 
4, 450, 442 
7, 053, 879 

10, 352, 6(13 

8, 407, 359 

1,94.5,304 

27, 568 



45, 950, 895 



Per cent 
of total. 



20.2 

22^3 
3.3 

9.7 
15.4 
22. 5 
18.3 

4.2 
.1 



United 

States 

production; 



Pounds. 

9, .372, 121 

2,073,043 

11,181,761 

934, ,300 

4, 104, 902 

1,% .588, 222 

289, 290 

274, 771 

14, ,525 

2, 368, .541 



100.0 45,977,24(5 



Per cent 
of total. 



20.4 
4.5 
24.3 
2.2 
9.1 
33.9 
.6 
.55 
.05 
5.0 



100.0 



1918 



United 

States 

production. 



Pounds. 
9, 799, 071 
2, 879, 039 

12, 285, 083 
1,068,466 
5, 447, 192 

23, 698, 826 

3,281,337 

3, 0a3, 888 

197, 449 

4,232 



58, 464, 440 



Per cent 
of total. 



16.8 
1.9 

21.1 
1.8 
9.8. 

40.5 
5.6 
5.3 

.a 



100.0 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAE CHEMICALS, 1921. 



13 



Table 7. — Comparison of imports 1914 and 1921 with the production of dyes 1917 to 
1921, inclusive, by classes — Continued. 



Class. 



Acid 

Basic 

Direct 

Lake and spirit soluble. 

Mordant and chrome 

Sulphur , 

Vats (including indigo). 

(fi) Indigo. , 

(6) Other vats , 

Unclassified , 



United 

States 

production. 



Total . 



Pounds. 

12, 195, 968 
4, 0.36, 532 

14, 444, 934 
1, 813, 199 
3, 985, 050 

1", 624, 418 

9, 252, 982 

8, 8&3, 824 

389, 158 

49, 111 



63, 402, 194 



Per cent 
of total. 



19.2 

0.4 

22.8 

2.8 

6.3 

27.8 

14.6 

14.0 

.6 

.1 



1920 



United 

States 

production. 



100.0 



Pounds. 
17,741,538 

4, 993, 001 
19, 882, 631 

2, 205, 281 

3, 900, 209 
20, 034, 500 
19,338,099 
IS, 178, 231 

1, 159, 868 
168, 517 



^fto^i* h-p-t- 



20.1 

5.7 

22.5 

2.5 

4.4 

22.7 

21.9 

20.6 

1.3 



Pounds. 
733, 405 
192, 163 
.571, 581 

17, 527 
709, 482 
229, 140 
932, 4(54 
171, 101 
761, 363 

16,820 



Per cent 
of total. 



88, 263, 776 



100.0 I 3,402,582 



21.5 
5.7 

16.8 
.5 

20.9 
6.7 

27.4 

22.4 

.5.0 

.5 



100.0 



Class. 



United 

States 

production. 



Per cent 
of total. 



Imports. 



Per cent 
of total. 



Acid 

Hasic 

Direct 

Lake and spirit soluble 
Aiordant and chrome. . . 

Sulphur 

Vats (including indigo) 

(o) Indigo 

(6) Other vats 

Unclassified , 

Total 



Pounds. 

7,751,698 
1,852,243 

0, 787, cm 

697, 444 
3, 773, 438 
10, 239, 255 
7, 019, 120 
6,673,968 
345, 152 
887, 858 



19. 87 

4.75 

17.40 

1;79 

9. 67 

2(i. 25 

17.99 

17.11 

.88 

2.28 



Pounds. 

1,319,222 

154, 673 

388,715 

38,090 

632, 285 

200,653 

1,049,712 

70, 975 

978, 737 

20,594 



34.72 

4.07 
10.23 

1.00 
16.64 

5.28 
27.51 

1.87 

25. 64 

.55 



39,008,690 100.00 3,803,943 



Exports of Domestic Dyes. 

The Commerce Department reports exports of domestic ' ' dyes and 
dyestuffs" under (1) "aniline dyes"; (2) "logwood extract"; (3) "all 
other dyes and dyestuffs," and only the value of these groups is 
given. In 1922, however, a new classification was adopted; coal-tar 
dyes were grouped under coal-tar finished products, and were divided 
into (1) "color lakes," and (2) "other colors, d3"es, and stains." 

The combined value of exports of "aniline dyes" and "all other 
d3^es" for 1921 was $6,270,139 compared with $29,823,591 for 1920, 
and $15,728,499 for 1919. In other words, exports of domestic dyes 
for 1921 showed a decrease of 79 per cent as compared with the 
exports for the previous year. The total exports during 1917, one 
of the early years when the domestic industry was first expanding 
from its small pre-war size, were valued at $7,548,963, which is 
greater than the 1921 exports. 

The combined value of total exports of coal-tar "color lakes" and 
"other colors, dyes, and stains" for the first three months in 1922 
was $973,316 compared with $2,432,764 for "aniline dyes" and 
"all other dyes and dyestuffs" for the first three months of the 
previous year. In c[uantity the exports during the first three months 



14 



CEXSUS OF DYES AXD COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 



of 1922 totaled 1,387,594 pounds. This great reduction in our 
export trade may be attributed in part to the general business depres- 
sion; the chief cause, however, was the appearance of German dyes 
in the principal foreign markets, such as China, India, and Japan, 
with which the domestic producers have been unable to compete. 
As far back as 1919 the Tariff Commission pointed out in its Census 
of Dyes and Coal-Tar Chemicals for that year that any deductions 
as to the competitive strength of the domestic industry based on 
the large exports of 1919 and 1920 were not warranted, as the 
domestic producers during that period met little competition in 
foreign markets in German colors. Subsequent developments have 
borne out the accuracy of that statement, as indicated by the rapid 
decline in exports during 1921 and 1922. 

Table 8. — Domestic exports of dyes, by months, July, 1917, to March, 1922. 



Month. 



January. . 
February. 

March 

April 

May. 



June 

July 

August 

September . 

October 

November. 
December.. 



■Total. 



1917 



Aniline 
dyes. 



$497, 106 
304, 768 
371, 565 
623, 586 
582, 725 
1,122,468 



3,502,218 



All other 
dyes.^ 



Total of 

aniline and 

all other. 



1918 



Aniline 
dyes. 



$576, 579 
644, 949 
757, 467 
695, 489 
733,008 
639,253 



4,046,745 



$1,073,685 

949, 717 

1, 129, 032 

■ 1, 319, 075 
1, .315, 733 
1, 761, 721 



7, 548, 963 



$893, 760 
441,704 
552, 28.5 
453, 326 
626, 204 
828, 801 
7.53,236 
695,472 
528, 207 
816, 377 
1,377,623 
662,616 



8,629,611 



All other 
dyes.' 



$688,958 
297, 278 
526, 400 
479, 428 
447, 898 
797, 403 
486, 690 
530, 133 
449, 295 
532, 841 
757, 488 
643, 097 



Total of 
aniline and 
all other. 



6,636,909 



$1, 582, 718 

738, 982 
1,078,685 

932, 754 
1,074,102 ■! 
1,626,204 
1, 239, 926 
1,225,605 

977, 502 
1, 349, 218 
2,135,111 
1, 305, 713 , 



15, 266, 520 



Month. 



January 

February . . 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September. 

October 

November. 
December. . 

Total 



1919 



Aniline 
dyes. 



All other 
dves.' 



$1,405,017 

1, 231, 355 

492, 291 

777, 123 

585, 970 

858, 661 

574,274 

761, 009 

785, 497 

1,037,708 

887, 710 

1, 327, 456 



10, 724, 071 



$755, 382 
617, 050 
278, 591 
359, 512 
239, 744 
475, 571 
267, 425 
350, 491 
557, 005 
453, 390 
300, 041 
350, 226 



5, 004, 428 



Total of 

aniline and 

all other. 



$2, 160, 399 
1,848,405 

770, 882 
1,136,635 

825, 714 
1, 334, 232 

841,699 
1,111,500 
1, 342, 502 
1,491,098 
1, 187, 751 
1,677,682 



15, 728, 499 



Aniline 
dyes. 



AU other 
dyes.i 



$917, 574 
1,8.50,662 
2,648,615 
1, 829, 771 
2,180,606 
2, 389, 515 
1,770,780 
1,151,196 
2,114,915 
1, 802, 142 
2,006,534 
1,788,170 



22.450,480 



$372, 468 
379, 825 
8,50,695 
891, 467 
817,713 
1, 239, 191 
947,411 
623, 181 
.551,113 
334, 167 
211,465 
154,415 



Total of 
aniline and 
all other. 



7,373,111 



$1,290,042 
2, 2;30, 487 
3, 499, 310 
2, 721, 238 
2, 998, 319 
3,628,706 
2, 718, 191 
1,774,377 
2,666,028 
2, 136, 309 
2, 217, 999 
1, 942, 585 



29, 823, 591 



'Commerce and Navigation lists under domestic exports of "dyes and dyestuffs" — "aniline dyes," 
"logwood extract," and "all other dyes and dyestuffs." Under this latter designation may be Included 
both natural and coal-tar dyes. However, since logwood extract— shown separately — is the most im- 
portant natural dye exported from the United States, it may be assumed that a considerable portion of 
the exports under "all other dyes and dyestuffs" arc coal-tar dyes. 



f 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 15 

Table 8. — Domestic exports of dyes, by months, July, 1917, to March, 1922- — Contd. 



Months. 



January . . . 
February. . 

March 

April 

Mat 

Julie 

July 

August 

September. 

October 

November. 
December . 



Total 5, 067, 000 1, 203, 139 



Aniline 
dyes. 



S943, 595 
397, 123 
574,969 
305, 760 
278, 331 
444.273 
310,357 
513,012 
322, 477 
349,981 
372,244 
254, 878 



All other 
dyes. 



$349, 114 
72, 641 
95, 322 
59, 250 
91, 7.53 
81,477 
65,626 
70, 663 
70, 228 
73,706 i 
78, 703 
94,656 



Total 

aniline and 

other. 



$1,292,709 
469, 764 
670, 291 
365, 010 
370, 084 
525,750 
375, 983 
583,675 
392, 705 
423, 687 
450, 947 
349, 534 



6, 270, 139 





Coal-tar dyes. 


■ Months. 


Color lakes. 


Other colors, dyes, 
and stains. 


Total color lakes 
and other. 


1 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


1922.1 
January 


Pounds. 
5,059 
6,796 ! 
.3,612 1 


$4, 188 
5,124 
3,162 


Pounds. 
364,971 
298,364 
708 792 


$325,048 
230 544 


Pounds. 
370,030 
305 160 


$329,236 
235 668 


February 


March. 


iCl^ 9nn 


1V> /L(\i. 


408 412 








Total 


15,467 


12,474 


1 372 127 Qfif «'!'' Ii ^87 =^0^ 


Q73 '^16 








' ' 





1 In 1922 a new classification was adopted grouping these products under '-Color lakes" and "Other dyes 



and stains. 



I 



Production or Dyes in Germany. 



Beginning with February, 1920, detailed statements of one-quarter 
of the monthly production (this portion is recjuired to be reserved 
for optional purchases of the Allied and Associated Governments by 
the Peace Treaty, Annex VI, Part II) of dyes in Germany were made 
to the Reparations Commission. Copies of these monthly statements 
from February, 1920, to February, 1922, inclusive, have been received 
by the Department of State, which has given permission for their 
publication by the Tariff Commission. A summary of these reserve 
stocks, containing the monthly reserve for each class of dyes, accord- 
ing to application, is .shown in Table 9. 



16 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 



Table 9. — One-quarter of production in German dye plants^ reserved for purchase of 
Allied and Associated Governments, February, 1920 to February, 1922. 

[Pounds.] 




Group. 


Classification of colors. 




1921 




Total 
for 3 


January. 


February. 


March. 


months, 
1921. 


I 




137,999 
630,621 

50, 150 
1,759 

43, 563 
512,056 
132, 239 
479,602 
154,342 
128,962 
285,498 
112,305 


35,077 
529,970 

69, 754 
2,811 

12,560 
350, 355 

52, 589 
358, 821 

98, 764 
159, 426 
207, 532 

98,435 


74, 103 
608,849 

53, 797 
2,917 

22,090 
421,938 

52, 128 
390,547 
106, 751 
153,423 
204,609 

91,936 


247, 179 


11 


Indigo paste 


1,769,440 


III 
IV 


Vat colors, except Indanthrene Blue G. C. D 

Indanthrene Blue G. C. D 


173,701 
7,487 


V 


Alizarin colors other than red 


78,213 


VI 




1,284,349 


VII 




236,956 


VIII 




1,228,970 


IX 




.3.59,857 


X 




441,811 


XI 




697,639 


XII 




302,676 


XIII 








Total 












2,669,096 


1,976,094 


2,183,088 


6,828,278 









> Peace Treaty, Annex VI, Part II. 



CENSUS OF DYES AlSTD COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 



17 



Table 9. — One-qimrter of production in German dye plants ^ reserved for purchase of 
Allied and Associated Governrnents, February, 1920, to February, 1922 — Continued. 



Group. 



I 

II 
III 

IV 
V 

VI 
VII 

VIII 

IX 

X 

XI 

XII 



Classification of colors. 



April. 



Alizarin red 

Indigo paste , 

Vat colors, except indan- 

threneblueG. CD 

Indanthrene blue G. C. D . . 
Alizarin colors other than 

red 

Direct colors for cotton 

Direct colors for diazotiza- 

tion 

Acid colors for wool 

Chrome colors for wool 

Basic colors 

Sulphur colors 

Lake colors 

Total 



88,063 
366,405 

86,949 
2,370 

18,322 
423,063 

63, 268 
430, 140 
131, 205 
155, 415 
252, 771 

76, 773 



May. 



91,797 
556, 210 

110,001 
2,037 

16,698 
410, 545 

47, 668 
390, 589 
120,986 
136, 478 
255,745 

71,431 



June. 



124,8.53 
474, 174 

97, 483 
9,793 

32, 491 
366,588 

72, 426 
401,991 

95,631 
124,919 
277,676 

93, 438 



2,171,463 



Julv. 



120,744 
552,056 

86,5.50 
8,415 

35,904 
379, 143 

48,618 
365,609 
100,351 
101,180 
331, 292 

63,534 



August. September. 



200,817 
526, 110 

95, .547 
11,424 

25, 335 
472, 106 

61,705 
3.53, 545 
110,658 
100, %8 
308, 794 

45, .543 



166,077 
411,325 

84,802 
4,575 

23, 325 
466,577 

83,819 
381,451 
1.53, 046 

76,960 
389, 939 

62,071 



2,193,396 



2,312,566 



2,303,966 



Group. 



II 
III 

I IV 

V 

VI 

VII 

VIII 

IX 

X 

XI 

XII 



Classification of colors. 



Alizarin red 

Indigo paste 

Vat colors, except Indanthrene blue 

G.C.D 

Indanthrene blue G. C. D 

Alizarin colors other than red 

Direct colors for cotton 

Direct colors for diazotizatiou 

Acid colors for wool 

Chrome colors for wool 

Basic colors 

Sulphur colors 

Lake colors 

Total 



October. 



141,773 
425,475 

89,985 
8, 212 

16,219 
455, 951 
105, 589 
404, .546 
148,696 
106,634 
480,305 

65, 739 



2,449,125 



November, 



266, 741 
394, 235 

74, 088 
4,685 

26, 524 
643, 525 
114,454 
.538, 526 
207,312 
1.33, 217 
534,970 
114,353 



Decem.ber. 



281, 104 
671,856 

93, 473 
2, 205 

26,978 
624, 433 
128,:J56 
573, 456 
245, 473 
148, 028 
573, 853 
124,9.50 



1922 



January. 



332,734 
634, 808 

76,340 
2, 205 

.33,3:56 
5%, 269 
132,6.55 
601,208 I 
238, 073 
135,757 
.525,361 
133,063 



February. 



254, 168 
703, 808 

103, 274 



32, 388 
581, 133 
105, 777 
.570, 828 
232,484 
144,952 
.573,325 
125, 005 



3,052,630 



3, 494, 165 ; 3, 441 , 804 I 3. 427, 137 



Table 10. — Production and sales of dyes and other finished coal-tar products during 1921 . 

The number in the first column identifies the dye according to the 1914 edition of the Schultz tables. The 
.second column gives the common name of the dye. The numbers in the third column refer to the num- 
bered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on page 70. -\n X signifies that the corresponding 
product was made by a manufacturer who did not consent to the publication of his identification number 
in connection therewith, blanks in the fourth and fitth columns indicate that there were actual sales 
during 1921, Init thai the figures can not be publi'^hed without revealing information in regard to the 
output of individual firm>i. The blank space in the seventh column indicates that there was actual pro- 
duction of the corresponding dyes in the United States during 1921, but that the figures can not be pub- 
lished without revealing information in regard to the output of individual firms. The figures thus con- 
cealed are, however, included in the totals.] 







Manufacturers' identi- 


Sales, 1921. 


Production, 

1921 
(quantity). 


Schmtz 
No. 


Common name. 


fication number (ac- 
cording to list on 
p. 70). 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Average 
price per 
pound. 




Total finished 
coal-tar prod- 
ucts. 

NITROSO DYES. 

Naphthol green 

NITRO DYES. 

Naphthol yellow S 

Pigment chlorine 




Pounds. 
00,434,009 


*47, 996, 514 


80.79 


Pounds. 
51 , 457, 565 




5, 55. 70 




4 










7 
8 


70, 72, SO. 1.55, X 

IfH) 


47,080 


Oti, GS5 


1.45 






' Peace Treaty, Annex VI, Part II. 
104937—22 4 



18 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 



Table 10. — -Production and sales of dyes and other finished coal-tar products during 

192 l~Contmued. 





Common name. 


Manufacturers' identi- 
fication number (ac- 
cording to list on 
p. 70). 


Sales, 1921. 


Production, 

1921 
(quantity). 


Schultz 
No. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Average 
price per 
pound. 


9 
10 


STILBENE DYES. 

Direct yellow R 

Stilbene vellow 


5, 6, 27, 34, 59, 04, 114, 

116, 120. 
53, 59 


Pounds. 
206, 245 


$221, 347 


$1.07 


Pounds. 
153,547 


11 

19 


Chioramine orange G.. . 

PYRAZOLONE DYES. 

Fast light yellow 

Xylene yellow 


5,6, 59,64, 114, 110.... 
53. 129 


55,999 


89, 805 


1.00 


57, 582 


22 


129 










23 


Tartrazine 


22,24,114,129,154,155.. 
114 


526,425 


94.5,817 


1.80 


559, 134 




AU other pyrazolone. . . 

AZO DYES. 

^fnnoazo dyes. 
Spirit vellow 


31 


27,114 










32 


Butter vellow 


6,27,38.72, 114 

27,5.3,69,72, 114 

14,27,53,55,69,72,114.. 
6 


22,584 

343,872 

65,931 


25,605 
263,521 
51,642 


1.13 

.77 
.78 


18, 521 


33 


Chrysoidiue Y 


253,693 
100,246 


34 


Chrysoidine R 


35 


Sudan G 


36 


Sudan I 


27, 38, 72, 114 


25,494 


23,994 


.94 




37 


Oroceine orange 

Orange G 


34, 93, 114, 145 




38 


22, 24, 27, 53, 09, 114, 145 

XX. 
114, 116, X 


89, 480 


85,905 


.96 


91,783 


40 


Chromotrope 2 R 

Fast acid fuchsine B . . . 
AmLao naphthol red G . 
Alizarin yellow G 

Paranitraniline red 

Chiomotrope 2 B 

Alizarin yellow R 

Victoria violet 




41 
42 

48 

56 


6,27,40,114,116 

5,30,53,64,69,114 

5,0,24,34,40, 53, 69, 81, 

93,114,117,123,171,X. 

146 


8,344 

83, 931 

411,999 


11,950 
122,445 
216, 898 


1.43 

1.46 

.53 


8,084 
61.433 
271 ; 285 


.57 


22 








58 
61 


5,6,24,34,40,5.3,69,78, 
81, 93, 116, 123, 145, 
171. 

64, 114, 116 


114,362 


79, 250 


.69 


128,080 
81,453 


65 


Azo coralline 


64,69 










66 
67 


Amino naphthol red 6 B 

Chromotrope 6 B 

Spirit yellow R 

Azo fuchsine B 


53,64,69,114, 117 

5, 114X 


106,653 


132, 864 


1.25 


90,790 


68 


6,27,38, 114 


22,653 


26,572 


1.17 


20,837 


71 


30 




72 


Pigment orange R 

HeUofast red 


160 










73 


146 










76 


Sudan II. . . 


6,27,38,53,72,114 

5,24,27,34,72,114,145. 
114X 


31,650 
248,059 


38, 117 
180,856 


1.20 
.73 




82 


Ponceau 2 R 


178,272 


83 


Ponceau 3 R 




88 


Acid anthracene brown 

R. 
Metachrome brown B . . 
Azo eosine C. . .. 


114 










89 


22, 24, 53 X 










94 


116 .. 










102 


Diamond flavine G 

Sudan brown 


22, 69, 117 .. . 










105 


6. 










106 


AutolredRLP 

Sulphamine brown A . . 
Bordeaux B 


146 










107 


145 




. . . 






112 


5, 24, 27, 34, 69, 72, 93, 

114,116,145. 
116 


102, 590 


86,604 


.84 


84,754 


114 


Chromotrope 10 B 




118 


59 










119 




20,59, 114, 126 


25,900 

181,411 

5,100 


100,834 

218,060 

5,306 


3.89 
1.20 
1.04 




134 


Metanil yellow. 


34,50,53,55,69,72,114. 
63,55,114. . 


90,385 


137 


Acid yellow G 




138 




7 




139 




1.55 










141 


Azo yellow 


53,.54,.55,69, 114, 1.55... 
5, 72 


142,959 


264,683 


1.85 


125,358 


143 






144 


Orange I. . 


27, 114, 155 X 


20,520 
996,844 


87,550 
504,993 


4.27 
.51 


28,981 


145 


Orange II 


5, 6, 24, 27, 34, 38, 53, 
69,70,72,114,119,145. 

6, 53, 72, 114 . . . 


922,326 


151 


Orange R . . 


49,219 


152 


Permanent red 4 B 


34 




■::":'::1 ::::.; 




153 


97, 106, 145 










154 


Palatine chrome brown . 
Acid alizarin garnet R . . 


22, 114, 117 


44, 887 


68,527 


1.53 


52,080 


155 


22,114 





CEXSUS OF DYES AXD COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 



19 



Table 10. — Production and sales of dyes and other finished coal-tar products during 

1921— Continued. 





CoTTiTnonname. 


Manufacturers' identi- 
fication number (ac- 
cording to list on 
p. 70). 


Sales, 1921. 


Production, 

1921 
(quantity). 


Schultz 
No. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Average 
price per 
pound. 


156 


.\.zo DVES— cont'd. 

Monoazo dye — Cont'd. 

Palatine chrome violet . 

Diamond black PV 

Alizarin black R 

Fast brown N 


22, 114 


Pounds. 






Pounds. 


157 


69,114 i 


j 




159 


22 








160 


69 








161 


Fast red A 


5,20,22, 24,27,34,53, 
64, 72, 93, 114, 125, 
145, X. 

5, 27, 34, 53, 64, 69, 93, 
114, 116, X. 

5, 114, 116, 117 


204,538 

374, 429 
112,5^ 


$196,642 

471,776 
220,433 


$0.96 

1.26 
1.% 


120, 251 


163 


Azo rubine 


232, 216 


164 


Fast red VR 


144, 957 


166 


Fast red E 






167 


Crocein scarlet 3 BX . . . 
Amaranth 


34 










168 


27.34, 53, 93, 114,145, X. 

24,27,53, 114,145 

34, 56, 114, 145, X 

5,6,34, 114, X 


64,246 
115,968 
87,737 
36,721 
8,537 

1,426,5.50 


207,266 
114,936 
142,982 
36,073 
9,931 

1,073,119 


3.23 
.99 

1.63 
.98 

1.16 

. 75 


31,994 


169 


Cochineal red 


139,323 
63,194 


173 


Lilhol red R 


177 


Mordant yellow 

Erioehrome blue black 
B. 

Salicine black U 

♦ 

Erioehrome black T 

Erioehrome black A 

Lanacyl violet B 

Sulphon acid blue R . . . 
Sulphon acid blue B . . . 


94 214 


180 


22,69,114 




F 

f 181 

183 


5, 22, 27, 34, 53, 64, 69, 

93, 114, 116, 117, 145, X. 

22 


1, .5-23, 220 


184 


22 








186 


53 








188 


5,64,69,114 


302, 255 


.505.747 


1.67 


336 079 


189 


114 




190 


126 








193 


Stanley red 


126 








194 




34,59,116 


15,042 
12,509 


44,728 
26,280 


2.97 
2.10 


15 229 


195 


Rosophenine SG 

Thiazine red (3 


59, 126, X 




197 


69,126 




I9K 


Mimosa C . . . 


20,64,126 


2,835 


5,745 


2.02 


3 517 


199 


Cotton yellow R 

Lake red D 


126 




200 


160 









202 


Palatine chrome red B . 
All other monoazo dyes. 


6, .53, 104, 114, 160 

22, 24, 69, 72, 114, 116, 
117, 160, X, X. 


17, 182 
685, 121 


43,397 

822, 191 


2. .53 
1.20 


•21,. 377 
696, 466 




7,483,243 


7, 516, 312 


1.01 


7 029 401 




Disazo dyes. 

Resorein brown 

Acid brown 


5, 72. 114 




211 


. 


1 
1 


9, 428 


212 


X... 


. 








213 


Fast brown 


5,6,114 1 




217 

223 


Agalma black 10 B 

Sudan III 


5, 6, 22, 27, 34, 40. 53, 
69, 78, 93. 114, 116, 
123, 145, X. 

27 


1,687,811 


1,851,862 


1.09 


1,4-26,194 


224 


Cloth red G 


34 




227 

228 


Brilliant croceine 

Ponceau 5 R 


5,27,93, 114, 145 

27,69 


82,442 


128,217 


1..56 


34,46;J 


230 


Cloth red 3 G 


53 


232 


Sudan IV^ 


6, 34, 38. 72, 114 1 




233 


Cloth red B 


6,69 


1 




234 


Cloth red G 


117 1 -- - 






2.36 


Wool red B 


114, 117, X 


43,614 


61,713 


1.41 




246 


Cloth scarlet G 


.55, 72 




247 


Scarlet EC 


55, 114 










257 
263 


Sulphoncvanine 

.Tot black "K 


5, .53, 64, 69, 114, 117 

114 


381, 809 


665,866 


1.74 


365, 998 


264 


Fast sulphon black F.. 
Sulphoncvanine black.. 
Naphthvtamine black 
D. ■ 

Diamond black 

Diamond green 

Biebrieh, patent black. 

Benzo fast scarlet 

Bismarck brown 


22,69 








265 
266 


.53,64,69, 114, 117 

5, .53, 69 


85,942 


127,312 


1.48 


8.3, 796 


275 


4.5, 114 1 


i 




276 


53 1 






278 


116 \ 






279 


53,114 






283 


14, 27, 38, 53, 69, 70, 72, 
114. 


159,341 


124,739 


.78 


1.53,695 



20 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 



Table 10. — Production and soles of dyes and other finished coal-tar products dvr'ng 

1921 — Continued. 





Common name. 


Manufacturers' identi- 
fication number (ac- 
cording to list on 
p. 70). 


Sales, 1921. 


Production, 

1921 
(quan(it\ ). 


Scluiltz 
No. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Average 
price per 
pound. 


284 

2SS 


Azo DYES— cont'd. 
Dimgo rf;vf«— Cont'd. 
Bismarck brown 2 R . . . 
Palatine chrome blaclv. . 


27, 53, .55, .59, 69, 72, 114, 
• 116. 
117 


I'ovvds. 
517,065 


$439,614 


.$0.85 


Pounds. 
557, 7.53 


296 


.53. 










297 


Benzo fast pink 2 B L . . 


53.. . . 










303 


53, 59, 114 . 








8 223 


304 
307 


Chrysophenine G 

Congo red 


6, 53, .59, 114, 116 

53,69,93, 114, 116, 123, 

X. 
114 


155, 880 
238,099 


316, 208 
21.3,542 


2.03 

.89 


202, 303 
207. 665 


311 


Orange TA.. 




312 


Congo Corinth G 


5.27,45,69,114,116. 










320 


5,34 










322 


Trisulphon violet B 

Dianil bhxe R . . . . 


114,116,117 










323 


126 










327 


Diamine violet N 

Diamine black R 

Oxamine black BHN . . 

Benzo eyanine R 

Benzo blue 2 B 


5,6,22,27,-53,93,114,116 
6 


22,984 


49,896 


2.17 




328 




333 
336 


5, 6, 22, 27, 53, 93, 114, 

116,126. 
114 


485, 241 


720, .350 


1.48 


281,852 


337 


5, 6, 12, 14, 22. 27, 34, 40, 
53, 59, 78, 111, 114, 
116,123,X,X. 

34,53,111,116 


803, .548 
22,214 


557, 457 
19,117 


.69 
.86 


571,217 


340 


Benzo orange R 

Crumpsall direct fast 
red. 

Chrysamine G 

Diamine fast red F 

Diamine brown 

Cresotine yellow 

Anthracene rod 

Oxydiamine orange 

Benzopurpurine 4 B 

Benzopurpurine B 

Congo Corinth B 

Azo blue 


21,332 


341 


X 




342 


6, 34, 40, 114, X. 


12, 488 
49,946 

106, 924 


12,316 
104,558 

176,040 


.99 
2.09 

1.65 


13.328 


343 
344 
35] 


5, 6, 22, 27, 53, 93, 114, 

116, X. 
5, 6,22, 27,53,93, 114, 

116, X. 
45,114. 


35,782 
69.610 


355 


116 










362 


114 










363 
365 


5, 14, 27, 34, 53, 69, 78, 

93,114,116. 
45 


249,847 


300, 100 


1.20 


152,626 


375 


Ill 










377 


38 










378 


Trisulphon blue R 

Azo mauve B 


38,116 










382 


114 










385 


Oxamine blue 4 R 

Benzo blue BX 

Benzo blue 3 B 


114 










386 


34,114,116 










.391 


5,14,27,34,93,114,116. 
114 


93, 769 


96, 171 


1.03 




392 


Toluylcne orange G . . . . 
Diphenyl brown 3 GN. . 
Chrysamine R 




393 


38 










394 


14 










400 


Acid anthracene red 

Diamine black BO 

Benzopurpurine 10 B.. . 
Benzazurine G 


X 










403 


6 










405 


53,114,116 


9,954 
54, 266 


23, 199 
82,985 


2.33 
1.53 




410 


53, 114, 116 




415 


Dianil blue G 


116 




419 


Chicago blue R W 

Oxamine blue B 

Chicago blue 6 B 

Benzamine piue blue. . . 
All other disazo dyes. . . 

Tol al disazndyes. 


114,116 










421 


114 










424 


.53,114 116. 










426 


53,78,114,116. . . 


198, 596 
280, 665 


275,570 
416, 697 


1.39 
1.48 






14, 40, 53, 72, 114, 116, 
117, 168,X,X. 


233, 880 




6, .581, 028 


7,965,982 


1.21 


5 531,36'^ 




Trimzo dyes. 

Columbia black 

Diazo blue black RS. .. 
Direct deep black EW. . 

Erie direct black RX . . 

Erie direct green ET. . . 
Chloramine green B 


.53, 114 




436 










441 


114 










462 
463 
464 


5, 6, 12, 22, 34, 40, 45, 53, 

114, 12.3, X. 
34,45,53, 111, 114, 116, 

123. 
5,6, 40, 4.5, 114 


4, 073, 425 

33.5, 508 

71,505 


,3,225,1.52 

239, 572 

85, 774 


.79 
.71 
1.20 


2,229,842 
298,516 
30, 055 


470 


5, 116 





CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 



21 



Table 10. — Production and sales of dyes and other finished coal-tar products during 

i.9^;— Continued. 





1 

Common name. 


Manufacturers' identi- 
fication number (ac- 
cording to list on 
p. 70). 


Sales, 1921. 






Schiiltz 
No. 


Quantity. 


i 

Value. 


Average 
price per 
poiuid. 


1921 

(quantity). 


471 


Azo DYES — cont'd. 

Trisazo dyes— fonVd. 

Chlorainine blue 3 G . . . 

Diamine black HW 

Oxamiiie green B 

Oxamine green (! 

Benzamine brown 3 GO 
Congo brown G 

Congo brown R 

All other trisazo dj'es. . . 

Total trisazo dye.s . 


116 


Pounds. 






Pounds. 


473 


126 










474 

475 
476 
477 

480 


5, 6, 12, 34, 53, 78, 114, 
116,123. 

14, 34, 45, .53, X 

i 6,34,59,114,116,123, X 
i 5, 6, 53, 69, 114, 116, 
j _ 126, X. 

5 


212,232 

too, 228 
544,933 
193, 466 


«257, 467 

103,010 
624, 377 
279,812 


«1.2l 

,1.03 
1.15 
1.45 


155, 753 

62,028 
491,347 
213, 403 




40,53,78,111,114,116.. 


307,429 


464, 237 


1.51 


353, 154 




5, 928, 274 


,5, .397, 135 


.91 


3 885 557 




Tetrakisozo dyes. 

Benzo brown G 

Benzo brown B 

All other tetrakisazo 

dyes. 
All other azo dyes 

Total azo dyes.. .. 


14,45, 53, 59,69, 116... 
27, 45,59, 116 




" 48.5 

487 


59,349 
38,633 


63, 188 
44, 291 


1.06 
1.15 


53, 326 
41 289 




126 






5, 6, 14, 22, 30, 34, 38, 
53. 59, 64, 69, 78, 93, 
116, X. 


4,59, 479 


,583, 712 


1.27 


519, 815 




20,551,196 


21,572,485 


1.05 


17 062 ,366 




DIPHENYLMETHANE 
DYE.S. 

Auramine 


38, .53, 103 




493 


152,326 


308, 454 


2.02 


94,484 




TRIPHENYLJIETHAKE 
DYES 

Malachite green 

New fast green 3 B 

Turquoi.se blue 


40, ,50, 70, 103, 114 

53 


495 


88,664 


174, 727 


1.97 




497 




i 498 


64 








499 


Brilliant green 


103, 114 










502 


Guinea grcc]) 

Brilliiiiit miilinggreenB 
Light green 


30,53, 114 


46,808 


184, 262 


3.94 




503 


114 




■■ 505 


114 










50() 


Erioglaucine 


114 










i oil 


Para-fuschsine 


114 










'' 512 
513 


Magenta (or fuchsiiie). . 

New fuchsine O 

Methyl violet 


34,50,53,70,72,82,114, 

133, 145, 157, X. 
114 


68,210 


223, 548 


3.28 


49, 797 


515 


34, 50, 53, 72, 77, 114, 

119, 157. 
22,53 


256, 729 


426,822 


1.66 

1 


190, 643 


L 516 


Crystal violet 


' 517 


Methyl violet .5-B 

Aniline blue 


114 








■ 521 


34,70,72, 133, X 

34, 82 


56,955 


16.5,645 


2.91 


87,464 


' 524 


Acid magenta 


|_ 528 


Fast acid violet 10 B . . . 
Acid violet 


30, 53, 64 

30, 53,64, 114 


11,712 
70, 366 


34, 213 
256, 420 


2.92 
3.64 




h5:jo 


43,043 


■ 531 


Eriocyanine 


114 


F536 


Alkali bhie 


34, 50, 72, 82, 114, 119, 

133, 145, 157, X. 
82..... 


49, 145 


168, 133 


3.42 


73, .596 


53H 


Methvl blue for cotton . 


.539 
.543 


.'Soluble blue 

Patent bhie 


34,50,82,114,119 

114 


21,669 


90, 57() 


4. 18 


22, 356 


.545 


Patent blue A 


30, 114 










.548 


Acid violet 6 BN 


.53 










558 


Victoria blue R 


.53 












All other triphenylme- 
Ihane dyes. 

Total triphenyl- . 
methane dyes. 


22, 53, 114 
























786, S45 


2,153,636 


.27 


7'W 421 



















22 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 



Table 10. — Production and sales of dyes and other finished coal-tar products during 

1921 — Continued. 



Common name. 



Manufacturers' identi- 
fication number (ac- 
cording to list on 
p. 70). 



Sales, 1921. 



Quantity. 



Value. 



Average 
price per 
pound. 



Production, 

1921 
(quantity). 



DU'HENYLNAPHTHYL- 

METHANE DTES. 



Victoria blue B . 

Acid blue B 

Wool green S 

Rhodamine 6 G . 



22,53 

54 

53,54,64,69,114,117. 
53,133 



Pounds. 
"'166^338' 



$312,483 



XANTHONE DYES. 



Rhodamine B 

Fast acid violet B 

Fast acid violet A 2 R . . 

Uranine 

Eosine 

Eosiiie FP 

Erythrosine 

Phloxine P 

Rose bengale 

Rose bengale B 

Galleine 

Coerulein 

All other xanthone dyes 



53 

53 

53 

53 72 
53,'70,"72Vil9,'x.". 

53 

53, 72, 114, 119, X. 

53 

53 

72 

173 

173 

119 



46.492 



Total, xanthone 
dyes. 

ACRIDINE DYES. 

Phosphine 



103, 843 



72, 114. 



QUINOLINE COLORING 
MATTER. 



Quinoline yellow 

THIOBENZENYI, DTES. 



114. 



ThioflavineS 

PrLmuline , 

Columbia yellow , 



126 

20, 53, 64, 114, 126, X . 
20,64,114, 116,126... 



OXAZINE AND THIAZINE 
DYES. 



Delphine blue B 

Gallocyanine 

Chromocyanine V 

Cotton blue or Mel- 

dola's blue. 
Methylene blue 



6, 40, 114, 117, X 

.5,6,24,40, 114,173 

114 

6,27,93, 114 



168, 404 
114,663 



27, 027 
136, 879 



Methylene green 

Brilliant alizarine blue. 

AZINE DYES. 



Neutral red 

Azo carmine 

Safranine 

Methylene violet 

New fast gray 

Safranine MN 

Indulinc (spirit solu- 
ble). 

Nigrosiue (spirit solu- 
ble). 

Indulinc (soluble in 
water). 

Nigrosine (soluble in 
water). 

All other azines 



24, 40, 53, 70, 114, 136, 
170. 

114 

64., 69 



28, 110 
256, 550 



53 

.53,70, 114, 1.36 

77 

24,38, 116 

114 

20, 27,34,-38,69, 72, 114. 

20, 24, 27, 38, 69, 72 

114, 117. 
20,69,72, 114 



78,571 



116,579 



48, 514 



383,629 3, 



230, 922 
181,745 



61,053 
3.33,780 



59, 675 
497, 136 



204, 454 



20, 24, 69, 72, 114, 117. 
114 



.50, 986 
101,. 559 
102, 929 
846, 537 



38, 346 
70,800 
98, 932 
571, 798 



$1.88 



1..37 
1.59 



2.26 
2.44 



2.12 
1.94 



.75 
.70 
.96 
.68 



li'' 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 



23 



Table 10. — Production and sales of dyes and other finished coal-tar products during 

7927— Continued. 



Schultz 
No. 


Common name. 


Manufacturers' identi- 
fication number (ac- 
cording to list on 
p. 70). 


Quantity. 


Sales, 1921. 
Value. 


Average 
price per 
pound. 


Production, 

1921 
(quantity). 


720 


SULPHUR DYES. 

Sulphur black 


14, 38, 40, .53, 69, 75, 93, 

114, 170, 171. 
14, 19, 40, 53, 69, 77, 93, 

114, 116, 157. 
6, 34, 38, 40, 41, 53, 69, 

77, 93, 158. 
38,40,41,53,69,77,93. 
40, 53,93, 172 


Pounds. 
9,277,525 

544, 931 

997,581 

56,916 

179,882 
42,059 


$2, 156, 525 

351, 424 

384,366 

46,619 

170,387 

19,967 


$0.23 

.64 

.38 

.82 
.95 
.47 


Pounds. 
7,832,696 

190 621 




Sulphur blue 




Sulphur brown . . 


1 159 115 




Sulphur green 


70 423 




Sulphur maroon 

Sulphur olive. 


2.30, 773 




40,41,69,93,172 

40,69,114 


55 920 




Sulphur orange 






Sulphur tan 


14,34,41,69,172 

14,40,41,53,172 

114 


86, 788 
303, 766 


si, 568 
220, 745 


.59 
.73 


121, 390 




Sulphur yellow 

All other sulphur dyes . . 

Total, sulphur 
dyes. 

ANTHRAQUINONE DYES. 

Indanthrene dark blue 

BO. 
Indanthrene green B . . . 
Indanthrene violet RR . 
Alizarin 


316,399 
















11, 827, 181 


3,687,466 


.31 


10 239 255 




10,53,116 




763 








36,971 


765 


53,116 








767 


53 










778 


19,53,114 


34,236 


22,258 


.65 




779 


Alizarin orange 


114 




782 


Alizarin brown 


40,53,160,173 


39,907 


52, 653 


1.32 


59, 613 


784 


Alizarin SX 


114 




789 


Anthracene blue WR. . . 

Algol yellow WG 

Algol yellow R . . 


19,114 










814 


10 










817 


10 










819 


Algol red R 


10 










838 


Indanthrene blue 

Indanthrene blue GCD . 

Indanthrene yellow 

Alizarin saphirol B 

Indanthrene brown B . . 
All other anthraqui- 
none dyes. 

INDIGO AND ITS DE- 
RIVATIVES. 

Indigo, synthetic 

Indigo extract 


53,116 










842 


53,116 










849 


53,116 










858 


69,114 










867 


116 












59,116,173 










874 


52,53,114 


9, 413, 308 
723,025 


4, 257, 572 
472, 253 


.45 
.65 


6,673,968 
585, 931 


877 


5,15,53,98,114,157 

52 


879 
880 


>Brom indigos 




883 


ANILINE BLACK GROUP. 

Aniline black 


145 










922 










923 


Ursol 


53 66 157 












Total aniline 
black dyes. 

FOOD DYES. 

Tartrazine 














103, 267 


202, 704 


1.96 


107, 890 




24,164 


23 










83 


Ponceau 3 R 


24 










144 


Orange I 


24 










168 


Amaranth 


24,164 










505 


Light green SF (yel- 
lowish). 
Erythrosine.. 


164 










592 


24 










877 


Indigo disullonic acid. . 
Yellow AB 


24 












6,72 












Yellow OB 


72 












PHOTOCHEMICAL DYES. 

Alizarin yellow R 


58. 












58 










E. yellow 


58 












24 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 



Table 10. — Production and sales of dyes and other finished coal-tar products during 

J9^i— Continued. 



Common name. 



Manufacturers' identi- 
fication number (ac- 
cording to list on 
p. 70). 



Sales, 1921. 



Quantity. 



Value. 



Average 
price per 
pound. 



Production, 

1921 
(quantity). 



PHOTOCHEMICAL DYES— 

continued. 

p-H ydro az obe nz ene- 
suifonate. 

Methyl orange 

Methyl red 

Orthochrome 

Pinacyanol 

Propyl red 

Rcsorcin yellow 



Bacteriological stains. . , 
Biological stains and 
indicators. 



Total dyes. . . 

COLOR LAKES. 

Black lakes 

Blue lakes 



Brown lakes. 
Eosine lakes . 



Green lakes. 



Lithol rod lakes. 



Maroon lakes. 



Orange lakes. 



Para red. 



Red lakes. 



Scarlcl lakes. 



N'iolel lake.' 



58. 



Pounds. 



Pounds. 



36, 68, S3, 95, 169. 



5, 40, 53, 73, 146, 168, 

X. 
11,21,32,40,53,57,60, 

73, 84, 90, 94, 104, 140, 

146, 147, 148, 149, 160, 

168, X, X, X, X, X, 

XXX X. 
32, 48,*53, M. 73, 90, 146, 

147, 159, X, X,X. 
11,21,32,48,57,60,73, 

84, 90, 104, 140, 145, 

146, 147, 148, 149, X, 
X, X, X, X, X, X, 
X X X. 

11, 21,''32,48, 53, 57,73, 
84, 90, 94, 104, 146, 

147, 148, 149, 168, X, 
X, X, X, X, X, X, 
X,X, X. 

11,21,48,53,60,73,84, 
90, 92, 96, 104, 130, 
140, 145, 146, 147. 149, 
159,168,X,X,X,X, 
X, X,X, X, X. 

11,21,32,48,53,57,73, 
84, 90, 92, 100, 101, 
104, 145, 146, 168, X, 
X,X, X, X, X. 

11,21,32,48,53,57,60, 
73,90,94,96,104,140, 
146, 147, 148, 160, 168, 
X, X, X, X, X, X, 

X, x,x. 

11,-21,40, 48, 57, 73, 84, 
90, 92, 96, 100. 101, 
104, 145, 146, 149, 160, 
165,168,X,X,X,X, 
X, X, X, X, X, X. 

11,21,32,48,53,57,60, 
73, 94, 96, 101, 104, 
107,140,146,147,148, 
149, 159, 160, 165, X, 
X, X, X, X, X, X, 
XXX X. 

11,21,.32, 48,^5:5, 57, 60, 
73,84,90,96,100,101, 
140, 145,146, 148,149, 
1.59, 160, 165, 168, X, 
X, X, X, X, X, X, 
XXX 

11,21,32,48,53,57,60, 
73, 84,90, 94, 96, 104, 
140,146,147,148, 149, 
168, X,X, X,X, X, 
X, X, X, X. 



$15,717 



$101. 17 



47,513,762 



39,283,9.56 



266,877 
347,620 

27, 225 
314,973 

195,294 

288, 320 

552, 570 
260,964 

2,049,372 

1,045,004 



178,311 



I 



39,008,690 



.13 
.66 



.83 



33, 793 
228,091 

3, .576 
243,029 

83,316 

238,939 

207,817 
82, 169 



621,985 .30 



516,755 I .49 



]77,4fJ6 ! .38 



202,8.59 I 1. 14 



242,095 
360, 807 

27,986 
309, 326 

200, 924 

277, 733 

.560, 775 
233,818 

1,92;'), 017 

1,002,749 

438,115 



i 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAH CHEMICALS, 1921. 



25 



Table 10. — Production and stle of difes and other finished coal-tar products during 

1921— Continued. 







Manufacturers' identi- 


.Sale-s 1921. 


Production, 

1921 
(quantity). 


Schultz 
No. 


Common name. 


fication number (ac- 
cording to list on 
p. 70). 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Average 
price per 
pound. 




COLOR LAKES— COntd. 

Yellow lakes 


11, 48, 53, 60, 73, 84, 90, 
94, 104; 145, 146, 147, 
148, 149, 16S, X, X, 

X, x,x, x,x,x. 

X 


Pounds. 
202,911 


$104, 048 


$0.51 


Pounds. 
190, 988 






















Total color lakes 


6,424,612 


2, 863, 189 


.45 


6, 152, 187 




31 






PHOTOGRAPHIC 
CHEMICALS. 

p-Aminophenol hydro- 
chloride. 

Diaminophenol h}-dro- 
chloride. 












167. 












139-173 












p-Hydroxyphenylgly- 

ciiie. 
Methyl p-aminophenol 

sulphate (metol). 

Total, photographic 
chemicals. 

MEDICINALS. 

Acetanilide 


58.. 












58-1.39 






















170,221 248,041 


1.46 


183, 798 




3, lOS, 112, 120, 131, X. 
X 






243,655 


70,053 


.29 


• 

207, 433 




Acetphenetidin 

Acriflavine (3:6 diamine 

10 methyl acridine 

chloride). 




1-162 










144 


i 








X 












47, 49, 105, 110 


694 i 28i,84i 
9.35,964 686,264 

9lO 18 010 


406.11 
.73 

19.79 
1.56 


670 


Aspirin (acetylsalicylic 
acid). 


18, 52, 112, X, X 

1, 24, 110, 144 


733, 510 


sine (ethyl p-amiiio 
benzoate). 
Benzyl benzoate 


7, 6], lOS, 162 


10, 702 


16,700 




144, 175, X 




1 Bismuth betanaphthol. 


108, 131. 











108, 120. . 










1 phenol. 


144 












zoate. 


112 












26, 112 




:;;"":;::::::: ;; 




p-loluene sulfo-chlor- 
j amide). 

Cinchophen (phenyl 
1 cinchoninic acid). 


1, 24 . 










24, 53, IIG, 129 










1 p-Cresol benzoate 


144 










116 












83 










cury fluorescein, so- 
j diuin sa't 


24, 112 










toluene sullone di- 
chloramidc). 


144 












53 












.')3, IIG 










' (iuaiacol liiinid.. . 


.M. 110 . 












112 


J 








I chlor amido benzoic 

acid). 
Ilydroxy-cininolin and 

su phate. 
f.ithium benzoate 


91 










144, X 










Magnesium salicylate. . 


X 










144 1 


j 








' b-Naphthol ijcuzoate. . . 


24, 01 108 1 


i,83i 1 


4,945 


2.70 





26 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 



Table 10. — Production and sale of dt/cs and other finished coal-tar products during 

19:31— Continued. ' 







Manufacturers' identi- 


Sales, 1921. 


Production, 

1921 
(quantity). 


Schtiltz 
No. 


I'oniinon name. 


fication number (ac- 
cordiiiii to list on 
p. 70). 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Average 
price per 
pound. 




MEPICINALS — COntd. 

Nooarsphciuiminc 

iN()\ :i-~iiiiin k nu-t h ytcnc 

I'itrvl s;vlic\lic' iicid). 

Other sal iiy laics 

Phenacniiic vet hcnyl-p- 

diethoxydiphenyl 

aniidinc hydro clilo- 

rido.) 

Phenol phthalein 

PhonolsuUonates (cal- 

rium, sodium, zinc, 

etc.). 
Phcnolsnlfon phthalein . 
PhciioUctnu hloroph- 

thalcin. 
Potassium hydroxy- 

quinolin sulphate. 
Procaine (p-amino- 


47, 110 


Pounds. 






Pounds. 




X 












131 












110 












X 












1. 24 10?, 108, 131 

OS, S3 


M, 923 


SIC, 581 


$0. 21) 


28,408 




83 












91 












1, no 












b e n z y 1 d i e t h yl- 
amiuo-ethano!^). 

Proflavine (,3:6 diamine 
acridine sulfate). 

Salicaine (.salicyl alco- 
hol). 

Salol, U. S. P. (phenyl 
salicylate). 

Saloplien (acetyl-p- 
auimo phenol salicy- 
late). 

Silver arsphenamine. . . 

Sodiiun ciiuuiniate 

Sodimn salicvlate 

Strontiimi salicylate. . . . 

Tolvsin (p-metliylphe- 
nylcuichoninic acid 
ethvl ether). 

All other medicinals... . 


1 












24 












lOS, 112, X 


36,200 


32,451 


.90 






IS 






110 












X 


t 








52, 108, 112, 131, 143, X. 
X 


352,250 


100,968 


.29 


319,350 




24 












85 














1 


1 




1,876,246 1 2,930,324 


1.56 


1,545,917 




FLAVORS. 


X 
















X, X, X 


53,525 220,371 


4.12 
2.10 

4.31 


52,097 




Ethyl benzoate 

Ethylciiinamate 

Ethvl salicylate 

Iso-butvl phenyl acetate 

Met hyrcinnaniate 

Methyl salicylate 

Phenyl propyl acetate. . 
Saccharin (benzosulfm- 
ide). 


61,63, 144, 150, 162, X, 

61*63,89, 150, 162, X.. 
61,63, 150 


4,937 1 10,367 
2,341 I 10,085 


5,551 








61 










61,63,89,150, 162, X,X. 
52, 63, 108, 143, 150, 

X, X, X. 
61 


2,846 
626,718 


13,047 
214,391 


4.59 
.34 


2,786 
640,943 




2 6,139, X,X 
























933,662 


1,002,018 


1.07 


901,245 




PERFVME M.\TEUIALS. 


61,63,89, 150 




187 


1,000 


5.37 


165 




Amyl phenyl acetate. . . 

Amyl salicylate 

Aubepine (anisic alde- 
hyde). 


X 






61, 63, 150, X, X 

61, 62, 63, 89, 150, X... 

151 


6,831 i 9,746 
2,211 9,602 


1.43 
4.36 


3,327 
2,197 




Benzyl acetate 


7, 61, 63, 89, 150, 162, X. 
1,7,61,63,89,108,144, 

150, 162, X, X. 
61, 89 


9,331 16,855 
13,546 19,165 


1.16 
1.41 


7,191 




Benzyl benzoate 

Benzyl butyrate 

Benzyl ciniiamate 

Benzyl formate 

Benzyl phenylacetate. . 


13,789 




$q 150 










150 X 










150 


( 







CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAB CHEMICALS, 1921. 



27 



Table 10. — Production and sales of dyes and other finished coal-tar jjrodwAs during 

1921 — Continued. 





Common name. 


.Manufacturers' identi- 
fication number (ac- 
cording to list on 
p. 70;. 


Sales, 1921. 


Production 

1921 
Cquantity;. 


Schultz 
No. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Average 
price per 
pound. 




PEEFUME MATERI.*.LS. 

— continued. 

Benzyl propionate 

Benzyliden e acetone 

Bromstyrol 

Cinnamic acid 

Cinnamic alcohol 

Cinnam ic aldehyde 

Diethyl phthalate 

Dimethvlanthranilate. 


61,X 


Pounds. 




» 


Pounds. 




150, X 












61, 89, 150, 162, X 

X 


306 


$1,330 


$4.35 


252 




89 












61,62,63, 150, X 

61,63,89, 1.50, 162, X.. 
150 


4,388 
65,360 


23,183 
.58,660 


5.28 
.90 


4,977 
73,937 


1 Diphenylmetliane 


89,1.50,162 









1 Dinhenvl oxide 


89, 1.50, X 











Ethylphenyl acetate. . . 

Iso-butyl benzoate 

Iso-butyl salicylate 

Methyl anthranilate — 
Methyl benzoate 

Methyl guaiacol 

Methyl para cresol 

Methylphenyl acetate. . 
Nerolin (b-naphthol 

ethyl ether;. 
Phenylacetic aldehyde. 

Phenylethyl acetate 

Phenylethyl alcohol 

Phenvlrjforjvl acetate. . 


X 




:::::;:::::: 






X 










150 

01, 63, 89, 150, 162, X.. 
61, 63, 144, 1.50, 162, 

X, X, X. 
1.50 


.... 

947' 

1,782 


4,'6ii' 

2,421 


4.' 88' 

1.36 


655 

2,176 




1.50 











X 






1 




63,1.50,X 






::::.:::::i:::::: 




61, 6.3, 89, 1.50, 162, X... 

61,89, 1.50, X 

61,63,89,150,162 

X 


901 
44 

140 


11,843 

660 

1,.584 


13.15 
1.5.00 
11.31 


822 




157 


1 Phenylpropyl alcohol. . 
Salicylic aldehyde 


X. 










63 










1 Yara vara ( l>-iiarjhthol 


63, X 










methyl ether;. 

Total perfumes 












119,691 


175,815 


1.47 


119 335 




SYNTHETIC PHENOLIC 
EESINS. 

Derived from conma- 
rone. 

Derived from cresol 

Derived from phenol . . . 


17 














'■: 


135, X,X 












135, X,X 


493,899 


649,951 


1.32 


495 152 










1,674,456 


1,352,166 


.81 


1 643 7% 


_ 


SYNTHETIC TANNING 
MATERIALS. 

Barretan 


17 














L' 


Liberty extract 

Synex 

Total tanning 
materials. 


93 










H 


X 






















V- 


1,721,359 


141, oa5 


.08 


1 902 597 









28 



. CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 



Table 11. — Comparison of production of dyes and other finished coal-tar products, 1920 

and 1921. 



Schultz 
No. 



23 



32 

33 

34 

38 

41 

42 

48 

58 

66 

82 

112 

134 

144 

145 

161 

163 

168 

169 

181 

188 

202 



217 
227 
283 
284 
303 
304 
307 
333 
337 
340 
342 
343 
344 
363 



462 
463 

474 
475 
476 

477 



485 



Product. 



Total finished coal-tar products 

STILBENE DYES. 

Direct yellow R 

Chloramine orange G 

PYEAZOLONE DYES 

Tartrazine 



AZO DYES. 



Monoazo dyes. 



Butter yellow 

Chrysoidine Y 

Chrysoidine R 

Orange G 

Fast acid fuchsine B 

Amino naphthol red G . . 

Alizarin yellow G 

Alizarin yellow R 

Amino naphthol red 6 B. 

Ponceau 2 R 

Bordeaux B 

Metanil yellow 

Orange I 

Orange II 

Fast red A 

Azo rubine 

Amaranth 

Cochineal red 

Salicine black U 

Sulphon acid blue R 

Palatine chrome red B... 
All other monoazo dyes. . 



Total monoazo dyes. 



Disazo dye.i. 



Agalma black 10 B . . . 

BrilUant croceine 

Bismark brown 

Bismark brown 2 R . . 

Paper yellow 

Chrysophenine G 

Congo red 

Oxamine black BHN. 

Benzo blue 2 B 

Benzo orange R 

Chrysamine G 

Diamine fast red F . . . 

Diamine brown. 

Benzopurpurine 4 B. . 
All other disazo dyes. 



Total disazo dyes 



Trisazo dyes. 



Direct deep black EW.. . 

Eric direct black RX 

Oxamine green B 

Oxamine green G 

Benzamine brown 3 GO. 

Congo brown G 

All other trisazo dyes 



Total trisazo dyes. 



Tetrakisazo dyes. 



Benzo brown G 

All other azo dyes . 



Total production. 



1921, 
quantity. 



Pounds. 
51,457,565 



153, 547 
57, 582 



559, 134 



18, 521 
253, 693 
100, 246 

91, 783 
8,084 

61, 433 
271, 285 
128, 080 

90, 790 
178, 272 

84, 754 

90, 385 

28, 981 
922, 326 
120, 251 
232, 216 

31,994 

139, 323 

, 523, 220 

336, 079 

21, 377 
696, 466 



7,029,401 



426, 194 

34, 463 

153, 695 

557, 753 

8,223 

202,303 

207, 665 

281, 852 

571,217 

21,332 

13, 328 

35, 782 

69, 610 

152, 626 

233, 880 



5, 531, 363 



2,229,842 
298, 516 
155, 753 
62, 028 
491,347 
213, 403 
353, 154 



3, 885, 557 



53, 326 
519,815 



Total azo dyes 17, 062, 366 



36,897,003 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 



29 



Table 11. — Coviparison of production of dyes and other finished coal-tar products, 1920 

and 1921 — Continued. 



Product. 



Total production. 



1921, 
quantity. 



1920, 
quantity. 



TRIPHENTLMETHANE DYES. 

Magenta (or fuchsine) 

Methyl violet 

Acid violet 

Alkali blue 

Soluble blue 

Total triphenylmethane dyes 

DIPHENYL-NAPHTHYL-METHANE DYES 

Wool green S 

XANTHONE DYES. 

EosLne 

Erythrosine 

Total xanthone dyes 

THIOBENZENYL DYES. 

Primuline 

Columbia yellow 

OXAZINE AND THIAZINE DYES. 

Gallocyanine 

Methylene blue , 

AZINE DYES. 

Safranine 

Induline (spirit soluble) 

Nigrosine (spirit soluble) 

Induline (soluble in water) 

Nigrosine (soluble in water) 

SULPHUR DYES. 

Sulphur black 

Sulphur blue 

Sulphur brown 

Sulphur green 

Sulphur maroon 

Sulphur olive 

Sulphur tan 

Sulphur yellow 

Total sulphur dyes 

ANTHEAQUINONE DYES. 

Alizarin brown 

INDIGO AND ITS DERIVATIVES. 

Indigo, synthetic 

Indigo extract 

Total dyes 

COLOR LAKES. 

Black lakes 

Blue lakes 

Brown lakes 

Eosine lakes 

Green lakes 

Lithol red 

Maroon lakes 

Orange lakes 

Para red lakes 

Red lakes 

Scarlet lakes 

Violet lakes 

Yellow lakes 

Total color lakes 

Total photographic chemicals 



Pounds. 
49, 797 
190,643 
43, 043 
73,596 
22, 356 



722, 421 



69, 073 
6,644 



129, 281 
86,418 



140, 064 
209, 395 



52, 771 
55,339 

168, 402 
92, 988 

626, 706 



7,832,696 

190, 621 

1,159,115 

70,428 

230, 773 

55, 920 

121,. 390 

316, 399 



10, 239, 255 



59, 613 



6, 673, 968 
585, 931 



39, 008, 690 



242, 095 
360, 807 
27,986 
309, 326 
200, 924 
277, 733 
560, 775 
2.33, 818 
925,017 
002, 749 
438,115 
182,021 
190, 988 



6, 152, 187 



183, 798 



Pounds. 

284,285 

600, 873 

144, 207 

74, 253 

98, 770 



2, 482, 169 



212, 362 



85, 489 
6,874 



183, 179 
100, 248 



70, 169 
577, 264 



149, 629 
140,400 
919, 242 
168, 048 
2, 743, 021 



16,305,037 
1,514,811 
1,269,731 
177, 927 
133, 407 
129, 582 
95, 038 
408,967 



20,034,500 



42,840 



18, 178, 231 
1,395,000 



88, 263, 776 



382, 277 
645, 647 
113,630 
606,618 
431,970 
496, 600 
740, 765 
339, 275 
970, 589 
, 410. 797 
783,011 
330, 969 
536, 122 



10,98;5,.53S 



440, 759 



30 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 



Table 11.— Comparison of production of dyes and other finished coal-tar products, 1920 

and 1921 — Continued. 



Schultz 
No. 



Product. 



Total production. 



1921, 
quantity. 



1920, 
quantity. 



MEDICINALS. 

Acetanilide 

Arsphenamine 

Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) 

Phienolsulfonates (calcium, sodium, zinc, etc.) 
Sodium salicylate '. 

Total medicinals 

Total flavors 

PERFUME MATERLA.LS. 

Acetophenone 

Amyl salicylate 

Total synthetic phenolic resins 



Pounds. 

207,433 

.670 

733, 510 

28,408 

319, 350 



1,545,917 



901,245 



165 

3,327 

1,643,796 



Pounds. 

1, 255, 140 

605 

1,708,436 

181,516 

450,764 



5,184,989 



166, 884 



742 

14,982 

4,659,680 



Prices of Domestic Dyes. 



The following table (No. 12) contains a comparison of the domestic 
sales prices of dyes for the years 1917 to 1921, inclusive, together 
with the invoice value for the same dyes imported during the year 
1914. The colors included in this table represent about 80 per cent 
of the domestic production of dyes in 1920 and 73 per cent of the 1921 
output. It should be pointed out that the domestic sales prices are 
not directly comparable with the invoice values in 1914. The latter- 
values do not represent the cost to the consumer as the importer's 
profit should be added to these figures, and in most cases the invoice 
value does not include ''charges for containers and packing, freight, 
and insurance to seaport, consular certification, minor shipping 
charges at point of departure and at seaport." 

Column 1 contains the Schultz number as indicated in ''Farbstoflf- 
Tabellen," by Gustav Schultz, 1914 edition. 

Column 2 contains the common name of the dye as adopted by the 
Tariff Commission for designating all dyes reported under a given 
Schultz number (column 1). 

Column 3 contains the domestic sales price reported to the Tariff 
Commission. This represents the weighted average price of all 
manufacturers for those dyes reported under a given Schultz number. 
Most of these prices were published in the ''Census of Dyes and Coal- 
Tar Chemicals, 1917, 1918, 1919, and 1920." 

Column 4 shows the invoice price (1914), which represents the 
weighted average for all dyes classified under a given Schultz number 
in "Artificial Dyestuffs Used in the United States," Department of 
Commerce, Special Agents Series No. 121, by Thomas H. Norton. 
These invoice prices are considerably below the price at which these 
dyes were sold to the consumer in this country. This weighted 
average value for all types is usually higher than the invoice price 
per pound for those dyes representing the bulk of the importation 
under a given Schultz number. An examination of the individual 
dyes imported under given Schultz numbers in the Norton Census 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 



31 



shows a wide variation in prices, frequently amounting to several 
hundred per cent. This is chiefly due to the great variation in the 
concentration of the different dyes and also to the variation in prices 
of special and pure brands, which are more costly than the ordinary 
brands. 

The average price of all dyes produced in 1917 was $1.26 per pound; 
for 1918, $1.07 per pound; for 1919, $1.07 per pound; for 1920, $1.08, 
and for 1921, $0.83 per pound. The tendency has been to reduce 
both the cost of production and sales price of dyes produced in the 
United States. 

Such reductions have occurred notwithstanding the yearly de- 
velopment and production of new colors of greater value and com- 
plexity. These have tended to increase the average value per 
pound of all dyes produced. 

Table 12. — Domestic prices of dyes, 1917 to 1921, compared with invoice values, 1914- 



(1) 

Schultz 
No. 


(2) 
Name of dye (weighted average of all dyes). 


(3) 

Average sales price of domestic dyes 
(weighted average of all types). 


(4) 

Invoice 

value 

im- 


Calendar years. 


ported 
dyes 
1914 




1917 


1918 


1919 


1920 


1921 


(weight- 
average 
of all 
types).! 


9 


Direct yellow R 


S2.55 
3.28 
1.50 
1.22 
1.13 

.83 
2.45 
4.00 
1.45 
2.24 
1.32 

.98 


82.61 

2.86 

1.91 

1.22 

.89 

.91 

2.05 

5.57 

.91 

1.61 

.85 

.68 


SI. 74 

1.99 

2.04 

1.12 

.88 

.84 

2.02 

3.75 

.80 

1.65 


$1.49 

1.88 
1.86 

.79 
1.04 

.86 
1.30 
3.82 

.80 
1.64 


$1.07 
1.60 
1.80 

.78 
.86 
.69 

"".'73' 
1.20 
1.04 

.51 
1.25 

.96 
1.26 
3.23 

.99 

.98 

.75 
1.67 
1.09 
1.74 
1.48 

.94 
1.25 

.78 
1.22 
2.03 

.89 
1.52 
2.17 
1.48 
2.09 
1.65 
1.20 
2.33 
1.53 
1.39 
1.33 

.79 

.71 


$0,178 


11 


Chloraminp orange O . .... 


.239 


23 


Tartrazine. 


.200 


34 




.165 


37 


Croceine orange 


.133 


58 


Alizarin yellow R 


.154 


64 


Lana fuchsine 


.143 


73 


Helio fast red 


.230 


82 


Ponceau 2R 


.095 


134 


Metanil yellow 


.164 


137 


Acid yellow G 


.176 


145 


Orange II 


.63 


.62 
1.65 
1.04 
1.43 
2.11 
1.26 
1.65 
1.10 
1.95 
1.29 
2.26 
1.80 

.87 
1.54 

.84 
1.19 
2.81 

.86 
1.83 
2.97 
2.49 
2.59 
1.99 
1.39 
2.47 
1.98 
2.43 
192 
1.03 
" ' 


.081 


157 


Diamond black PV. 


.130 


161 


Fast red A 


i.ig 

2.71 
1.31 
1.44 
.74 
1.62 
2.24 
1.08 
2.20 
2.25 
1.89 
2.50 
1.17 
6.18 
..12.64 


1.03 
1.51 

.88 
1.16 
1.36 
1.25 
2.24 
1.26 
2.24 
2.11 

.81 
1.40 

.81 
3.41 
5.71 
2.01 
2.25 

"3.25' 


i.65 
1.43 
2.98 
1.32 
1.35 
1.25 
2.03 
1.47 
2.21 
1.91 
.90 
1.48 
1.01 
1.27 
2.53 
1.12 
1.91 
3.32 
2.72 
2.72 
2.20 
1.76 
2.07 
3.18 
1.97 
2.00 
1.04 
1.01 


.118 


163 


Azo rubine 


.204 


168 


Amaranfh 


.129 


169 




.127 


177 


Mordant yeUow 


.147 


181 


Salicine black U . . 


.156 


188 


Sulphon acid blue R 


.252 


217 


Agalma black lOB 


.134 


257 


Sulphoncvanine ... 


.166 


265 


Sulphoncyanuic black 


.110 


266 


Naphthvlamine black 


.144 


275 


Diamond black 


.172 


283 




.186 


.303 




.176 


301 


Chrysophenine G 


.270 


307 


Congo red 


2.47 
2.50 
2.50 
2.50 


.179 


312 


Congo corinth G 


.178 


327 


Diamine violet N 


.255 


333 


examine black BHN 


.133 


343 


Diamine fast red F 


.362 


344 


Diamine brown 




2.60 
1.62 
4.73 
3.00 
4.49 
1.90 
.85 


.194 


363 


Benzo purpurine 4B 


1.61 


.133 


405 


B enzo purpiu"ine lOB 


.2.34 


410 






.261 


426 




5.00 


.440 






.134 


462 


Direct deep black E. W 


.75 


.144 


463 


Erie direct black RX 


.139 



I Norton, Thomas H.: ".\rlificial Dyestuffs used iu the United .States," Department of Commerce, 
Special Agents' Series No. 121. 



32 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 



Table 12.— Domestic prices of dyes, 1917 to 1921, compared with invoice values 1914 — 

Continued. 



(1) 

Schultz 
No. 



474 
476 
477 
493 
495 
499 
512 
515 
530 
536 
566 
573 
587 
592 
616 
617 
626 
659 
679 
698 
699 
700 
720 
763 
842 
849 
858 
874 



(2) 
Name of dye (weighted average of all dyes). 



Oxamine green B 

Benzamine brown 3G0 

Congo brown G 

Auramine 

Malachite green 

BriUiant green 

Magenta 

Methyl' violet 

Acid violet 

Alkali blue 

Wool green S 

Rhodamine B 

Eosine 

Erythrosine B 

Primuline 

Columbia yellow 

GaUocyanine 

Methylene blue 

Safranine 

Nigrosine (spirit soluble) 

Induline (soluble in water) . . . 
Nigrosiae (soluble in water) . . 

Sulphur black 

Indanthrene dark blue BO . . . 
Indanthrene blue GCD paste. 

Indanthrene yellow 

Ahzarin saphirol B 

Indigo, sjTithetic 



(3) 

Average sales price of domestic dyes 
(weighted average of all types). 



Calendar years. 



1917 



$2.30 
1.80 
2.00 
4.00 
6.28 



9.10 
3.84 
8.50 
4.71 
6.50 

10.00 
8.58 

11.31 
4.43 
3.00 
5.96 
3.09 
5.93 
1.11 
1.51 
.80 
.60 



1.42 



1918 



$2.20 
1.70 
2.25 
3.76 
5.60 
5.63 
7.72 
2.78 
7.00 
8.33 



15.92 

7.81 

9.73 

3.04 

3.56 

5.12 

2.80 

5.85 

.71 

.70 

.63 

.37 



20.00 



1919 



$1.85 
1.65 
1.85 
3.08 
3.26 
4.66 
4.59 
2.44 
4.93 
6.35 
5.95 
6.90 
6.30 
8.51 
1.17 
2.66 
3.03 
3.02 
4.02 
.71 
.67 
.59 
.28 



6.96 

1.75 

10.70 

.59 



1920 



$1.51 
1.60 
1.58 
2.48 
3.32 
4.23 
4.67 
2.39 
5.20 
5.90 
4.99 
6.72 
4.19 



1.59 
2.36 
3.06 
2.94 

3.88 

.88 

1.03 

.72 

.25 

2.12 

2.40 

4.68 

8.58 

.74 



1921 



$1.21 
1.15 
1.45 
2.02 
1.97 
3.68 
3.28 
1.66 
3.64 
3.42 
1.88 
4.86 
2.51 
7.72 
1.37 
1.59 
2.44 
1.94 
2.60 
.70 
.96 
.68 
.23 
2.31 
2.41 
3.76 
6.22 
.45 



(4) 

Invoice 

value 
im- 
ported 

dyes 

1914 
(weight- 
average 

of all 
types). 1 



$0. 174 



.194 
.240 
.241 
.221 
.294 
.248 
.281 
.490 
.353 
.415 
.418 
.210 
.144 
.133 
.347 
.391 
.359 
.126 
.252 
.149 
.100 



.354 
.334 



,128 



Dyes Imported for Consumption in the United States During 

1921. 

SUMMARY. 

The total importation of coal-tar dyes during the calendar year 
1921 was 3,803,943 pounds valued at $4,654,451, compared with 
3,402,582 pounds valued at $5,763,437 during the calendar year 1920, 
and 3,501,147 pounds during the fiscal year 1920. In comparing 
the poundage of 1921 with that of 1920, allowance should be made 
for an increase of 303,005 pounds in the 1921 figures, due to the con- 
version for the first time of the most of the vat dyes to a single 
strength basis, in order to give the total poundage of any individual 
vat dye on a definite known basis of strength. The total quantity 
of dyes as imported in 1921 was 3,500,938 pounds. 

The imports of 1921 represent 9.7 per cent of the production during 
that year, and 8.3 per cent of the total imports during 1914, when 
the United States imported 45,950,895 pounds and produced 6,619,729 
pounds from German-made intermediates. The dyes imported in- 
clude those products which are either not yet manufactured in this 
country or are not yet produced in an adequate quantity or in a 
satisfactory quality to meet all special requirements. 



1 Norton, Thomas H.: "Artificial DyestufTs used in the United States," Department of Commerce, 
Special Agents'.'^'eries No. 121. 



CENSUS OF BYES AND COAL-TAE CHEMICU^S, 1921. " 33 

Table 14 shows the quantity and vahie of each individual dve 
S'k'^^"^^ ^^' '^^^^^^^ >^^^r 1921 and also the pei centre o? 
?he tnt^l ^ eountr^^of origin. Germany supplied 47.5 per cent of 

that of igtf ;r.'n '^ ^"f ^^ ''']' ' t'''''' ^^ 3-5 pei^ent?rom 
tnat ot 1920, 40.3 per cent came from Switzerland, an increase of 
6.3 per cent over the previous year; 8.2 per cent originated in EnS^ 
land an increase of 2.2 per cent, compared with T?2r wLe ItX 
supplied 3 per cent of the dyes imported, these imports Wlv ren 
resenting reexported reparation dyes of German ma nSacture" 
Holland supphed 0.5 per cent, probably nearlv all of German oitin' 
t^S'o^^^ercer • ^'^ ^"^^^^^ ^'''- ^-- ^" othe^^nfeS 



Clas"! 


1921 


1920 




Total 
poimds. 


Per 
cent. 


Total 
poimds. 


Per 

cent. 


Acid 

Vat- 


1, 319, 222 


34.72 


733,405 


21.55 


(a) Indigo 


70, 975 
978, 737 


1.87 
25.64 


171, 101 
761, 363 




(fc) Vat (other than indigo) 


5.04 


Total 


22.37 


Mordant and chrome: 

(a) Alizarin 


1, 049, 712 


27.51 


932, 464 


27.41 


136, 283 
496, 002 




3.59 
li05 


73,262 
636, 230 




ii) Mordant and chronie 


2.16 


Total.... 


18.71 


Direct 


632, 285 


16.64 


709,482 


20.87 


Sulphur 

Basic W" 

Spirit soluble and color" lakes.'.' 


388, 715 
200,653 
154, 673 
38,090 
20,594 


10.23 
5.28 
4.07 
1.00 
.55 


571, 581 
229, 140 
192, 163 
17,527 
16,820 


16.80 
6.73 
5.64 


Unidentified, unclassified, special 


.51 


Total 


.49 


■ 


3,803,943 1 100.00 1 


3,402,582 


100.00 



^sssiSS-^asHS 



1. THE SIX LEADIXG GERMAN COMPANIES. 



Berlin. Founded 1873, 



\ ^ '^Rf.n'?^''^"'^^^^* ^^"" AniHn-Fabrikation, 

l-R ^ ^^^^.(^lies m France and Russia. -.-"^. . uuxiueu le/^, 

I "-rr^i^^Z i-ii, ^-«« "■" «.e .^?a.^^.,„aed 1870. Branch. 

^ "^Rtla''"' ^- *'■' ^'*"* <"■ ""' KW-- Folded 1870. Branch in 

^ Farbwerke vorm. Meieter T nr-iiiQ Ar tj,.- • tt 1 

Founded I8C2. BraS es in ftancfan^dSa ""*'* "" ""^ ""'>• 
.104937—22 6 



34 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 



2. THE SEVEN SMALLER GERMAN COMPANIES. 

BK. Leipziger Anilinfabrik Beyer & Kegel, Furstenberg near Leipzig. Founded 

1882. 
CG Chemikalienwerk Griesheim G. m. b. H., Grieaheim on the Main. Founded 

1881. 

CJ Carl Jager G. m. b. H., Anilinfarbenfabrik, Dusseldorf. Founded 1823. 

GrE Chemische Fabrik Griesheim-Electron, Offenbach on the Main. Founded 

1842. 
L Farbwerk Mulilheim vorm. A. Leonhardt & Co., Muhlheim on the Main. 

Founded 1879. Branch in France. 
tM Chemische Fabriken vorm. Weiler ter Meer, Uerdingen on the Rhine. 

Founded 1877. 
WD Wulfing, Dahl& Co,, A. G. Barmen. Founded 1842. 

3. DUTCH, BELGIAN, AND FRENCH COMPANIES. 

FA Farbwerk Ammersfoort, Ammersfoort, Netherlands. Founded 1888. 

NF Niederlandische Farben- und Chemikalienfabrik Delft, Delft, Netherlands. 

Founded 1897. Branch in Russia. 
LG Lazard Godchaux, of Brussels. (These products are probably compounded 

largely from the dyes made by A. Wiescher & Co., of Haeren, Belgium.) 
P Societe Anonyme des Matieres colorantes et produits chimiques St. Denis 

(formerly A. Poirrier), St. Denis, near Paris, France. Founded 1830. 

i. SWISS COMPANIES, ALL AT BASEL. 

DH Farbwerke vorm. L. Durand, Huguenin & Co. Founded 1871. Branches 

in Germany and France. 
G Anilinfarben- und Extract-Fabriken vorm. ,Toh. Rud. Geigy. Founded 

1764. Branches in France, Germany, and Russia. 

I- -'. Gesellschaft fur chemische Industrie. Founded 1885. Branch in France. 

S Chemische Fabrik vorm. Sandoz & Co. Founded 1887. 

5. ENGLISH COMPANIES. 

ClCo The Clayton AniUne Co. (Ltd.), Clayton, near Manchester. Founded 1876. 

OR Clauss & Co. (formerly Clauss & Ree), Clayton, near Manchester. Founded 

1890. 

CV Colne Vale Chemical Co., Milnsbridge, near Huddersfield. 

RHS Read Holliday & Sons (Ltd.), Huddersfield. Founded 1830. (Purchased 

by British Dyes (Ltd.).) 

BD British Dyes (Ltd.). Founded 1915. 

Lev Levinstein (Ltd.), Crumpsall Vale, near Manchester. Founded 1864. 

Q Importations of unknown source, through dealers in colors. 

Table 14. — Iinports of dyes during the calendar year 1921. 



Sehultz 
No. 


Name of dye. 


Manufac- 
turer. 


Imports. 


Countries of origia 


Quantity. 


Invoice 
value. 


(percentage of quaa 
tity). 




Total 




Pounds. 
3, 803, 943 


84,654,451 


Germany, 47.5 per 


1 


Naphthol green 




cent; Switzer land, 
40.3 per cent; Eng- 
land, 8.2 per cent; 
Italy, 3 percent; Hol- 
land, 0.5 per cent; 
France, 0.3 per cent; 
all other countries, 
0.3 per cent. 


4 


190 




Germany, 100 per cent. 






C 






7 






50 




England, 100 per ceat 






Q 






9 






544 




Germany, 100 per cent. 






K 






Naphfhamiiie yellow 


K::::::;'::::::::::::i;:::;:::. ... 





CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 35 

Table 14. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1921 — Continued. 



Name of dye. 



Manufac- 
turer. 



Imports. 



Quantity. 



Invoice 
value. 



Countries of origia 
(percentage of quan- 
tity). 



8S 



Curcuphenine 

Diphenyl fast yellow 

Diphenyl chlorine yellow FF, 
supra 287. 
Fast light yellow 

Erio flavine SX 654 

Fast li^ht yellow G 10526 

Fast lieht yellow G Pl-10526. . . 

Fast lierht yellow G VIII 10526.. 

Fast litcht yellow G cone. 80/100 
10526a. 

Fast light yellow .3G 1110 

Fast light yellow 3G cone 

Fast light yellow 3G cone. 
75/100 1052S'B. 

Fast light yellow R G 

Fast light" yellow GGX 10531 
Pill. 
Flavaane S 

Flavazine S 

Xylene lipht yellow 

Xylene light yellow GG 

Xylene light yellow 2G 

Xylene light yellow 2G cone 

Xylene light yellow R 

Tartrazine 

Tartrazine XX 

Tartrazine cone 

Tartrazine cone, pure 

Tartrazine N 

Tartrazine brown B 

Dianil yellow 3G 

Hansa yellow G 

Hansa yellow G 

Hansa yellow G, lumps 

Eriochrome red 

Eriochrome red B 915 

Croceine orange 

Croceine orange X 

Orange G 

Orange GG crystals 

Amido naphthol red G 

Erio floxine 2G cone. 575 

Erio floxine 6B cone. 576 

Brilliant lake red R 

Brilliant lake red R, paste 

Antol red 

Pigment red B, paste 

Azo phosphine GO 

Azo phosphine GOK 

Victoria violet 

Victoria violet 4BS 

Victoria violet 4BS 

Victoria violet 4BSL 

Azo acid blue 

Azo acid blue B 

Lanafuchsine 

Lanafuchsine BBS 

Lanafuchsine SG 

Amido naphthol red 6B 

Amido naphthol red BB 

Helio fast red 

Helio fast red RL powder 

Brilliant cochineal 

Brilliant cochineal 4R 

Ponceau 3R 

Ponceau X 

Omega chrome black 

Omega chrome black P cone 

Azarine S 

Peri wool blue 

Peri wool blue B 

Acid anthracene brown 

Acid anthracene brown R 

Acid anthracene brown R 11051. 

Acid anthracene brown R 11051 



ClCo.... 



G.. 
By. 
By. 
By. 
By. 

By. 
By. 
By. 

By. 
By. 



B.... 

S 

s 

RHS. 

S 

M.... 



M- 



M. 



By. 



By. 



Poundf. 
1,000 
2,204 



19,234 



6,096 
'60,422' 



38, 395 



100 
2,725 



1,102 

"'l98' 



320 
'i2,'636' 



10,000 
"2," 694' 



423 
'2,'652' 



4,425 
"'462' 



200 



412 
'i92 



1,001 



511 
300 



9,028 



S29,406 



9,737 



46,541 



1,234 



5,138 



England, 100 per cent. 
Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 

Switzerland, 56 per 
cent; Germany, 44 
cent. 



Germany, 100 per cent. 

Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 



Switzerland, 90 per 
cent; Germany. 9.9 
per cent; England, 
0.1 percent. 



Germany, 100 per cent. 
Do. 



Switzerland, 100 per 

cent. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 

Do. 

Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 

Germany, 100 per cent. 

Do. 

Do. 

Switzerland, 73 per 
cent; Germany, 27 
per cent. 

Switzerland, 100 per 

cent. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Switzerland, 100 per 

cent. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 
Do. 

Do. 



36 CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAK CHEMICALSj 1921. 

Table 14. — Imports of dyes during the cnhndar year i9;2J— Continued. 



Name of dye. 



By. 
By. 
By. 
By- 
By. 



M. 



K. 



By. 
By. 
By. 



Acid anthracine brown — Cont'd. 

Acid anthracene brown RH 
extra. 

Acid anthracene brown RH 
extra 11055. 

Acid anthracene brown RH 
extra 11055 PI. 

Acid anthracene brown WSG 
27423. 

Acid anthracene brown RR 
extra (11055). 
Metachrome Bordeaux R 

Metachrome Bordeaux B 

Sudan R 

Pigment purple A paste 

Crystal ponceau 

Crystal ponceau 6R 

Geranine 

Geranine G 

Geranine G 295 

Brilliant geranine G 

Diamine rose 

Diamine rose FFB 

Diamine rose FFB extra 

Erica B 

Erica B extra 

Erica BN 

Erica B cone 

Indoine blue R 

Indoineblue BB 

Lake red P 

I>ake red P paste 

Eriochrome phospliine R 

Eriochrome phosphine RR 958 . 
Metanil yellow 

MctanU yellow 

Matanil yellow 

Orange IV 

Orange IV powder 522 

Curcumeine 

Jasmeine high cone. 729 

Azo yellow 

He.ianthine DFF 731 

Helianthine G 751 

Azo yellow I 

Permanent Red 4 B 

Lithol Rnbine BN powder 

Permanent red extra powder. . .; A . 

Permanent red R extra powder. j A . 

Permanent red 4B extra powder! A . 
Palatine Chrome Brown .- 

Palatine chrome bro^vn RX B , 

Chrome brown RR I . . . 

Chrome brown RVV 899 1 G 

Acid Alizarin black i . . . 

Acid Alizarin black R M. 

Acid Alizarin black R | M 

Fast red 



Manufac- 
turer. 



B. 



M. 



G. 



G. 



G. 



B. 



Fast red S 

Diamond blue R 

Diamond blue R PI 10043 

Amaranth 

Amaranth 

Naphtho! red EB 

Mordant yellow 

MiUirig yellow O 

Eriochrome' blue black BC 

Eriochrome blue black BC 926. 

Eriochrome blue black G 925. . 
Salicine black U 

Salicinc black U 

Salicine l)laek D 

SaUcinc black UL 

Anthraeciic lihie black BE 

Brilliant sulplum red 

Brilliant sulphon red B 

Brilliant sulphon red lOB. 



S. 

S. 

Fast sulphou violet 5BS ' S. 



M. 



By. 



Imports. 



Quantity. 



Pounds. 



342 



3,882 



2,339 



50 



C, 000 



2,292 



3, r,37 



14, i 



4,134 



2, 80(1 



Invoice 
value. 



002 



1,455 



520 



51 



38, 226 



3,303 



7,235 



$1,012 



ti, 555 



12,519 



6, 914 



Countries f of origiD- 
(percentage of quan- 
tity). 



290 



10, 163 



Germany, 100 per cent. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 

Do. 

Germany, C<9 per cent; 
Switzerland,i31 per 
cent. 

Germany, 100 per cent. 

Do. 

Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 
Do. 

Do. 
Do. 
Do. 

Germany, 100 per cent. 



Do, 

Switzerland, 100 per 

cent. 
Switzerland, 05 per 

cent; Germany, 35es 

per cent. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 

Do. 

Do. 



Do. 

Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 

Germany, 100 per cent. 



Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 37 

Table 14. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1921 — Continued. 



Schult/. 
No. 


Name of dye. 


Manufac- 
turer. 


Imports. 


Countries of origin 


Quantity. 


Invoice 
value. 


(percentage of quan- 
tity). 


183 


Eriochrome black T cone 




Pounds. 
124,947 




Switzerland 100 per 
cent. 




Eriochrome black T 934 


G 




184 




216,947 




Do. 




Eriochrome black A 9^2 

Anthracene chrome black 


G 






185 




2,196 


$522 


Germany, 100 per cent. 




Anthracene chrome black 5B . . . 
Anthracene chrome black FE . . 
Anthracene chrome black PF... 
Anthracene chrome black PPN 
extra. 


C 




C 










C 










C 








198 




6,945 


9, .540 


Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 






S 




Mimosa Z cone 331 


G 








207 


Diphenvl fast brown GNC 




969 




Do. 




Diphenyl fast brown GNC 129. . 
Diphenvl fast brown GF 365.. . . 


G 








G 









211 




300 




Germany, 100 per cent. 




Rasorcin brown F 


K 




212 


Acid brown 




1,542 




Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 




Acid brown RN 5.32 


G 




217 


Agalma black lOB 




1,870 


263 


Germany, 100 per cent. 




Agalma black lOBX 


B 




Naphthol blue black 


C 










Naphthol blue black S 


C 










Naphthol blue black pure 

Nigrophor 


C 








218 




1,000 




Do. 




Nigrophor 


B 






220 


Palatine black 




9,850 


6,620 


Do. 




Wool black 6B 


A 






Wool black GRF 


A 










Wool jet black 3B (old type).... 
Anthracene acid brown 


A 









221 




889 




Do. 




Anthracene acid brown G 

Janus yeUow 


C 






222 




1,770 




Do. 




Janus yellow G 


M 






223 


Sudan III . ... 




525 




Do. 




CerasLne red B 


C 






227 


Brilliant croceine 




2,339 


2,191 


Germany, 51 per cent; 
Italy, 49 per cent. 




Brilliant croceine 3B 


C 




Brilliant croceine 3B A 


By 








Brilliant croceine M 


C.^ 










Brilliant croceine M 85/100 

Cotton scarlet extra 


c 










B 








240 


Janus red B 




200 




Germany, 100 per cent. 




Janus red B 


M 




241 


Neutral gray G 




188 




Do. 




Diamine gray G 


c 






247 


Scarlet 




518 




Do. 




Scarlet MS i 


C... 






257 


Sulphoncyanine 




51,889 


77,204 


England, 81 per cent; 
Germany, 19 per 




Sulphocyanine GR extra 

Coomass'ie navy blue 2RN 

Eriochrome verdori 


By 




BD 






260 




2,667 




Switzerland, 100 per 




Eriochrome verdon S 


G 






Eriochrome verdon S 1042 

Sulphocyanine black 


G 








265 




615 




Germany, 100 per cent. 




Tolyl black BGII 


M 




266 


Naphthylamine black 




587 


76 


Do. 




Nap"hthylamine black 4B 

Naphthylamine black 4BS 

Naphthylamine black ESN 

Naphthylamine black S 

Naphthylamine black 4BX 

Acid black 


C 






c 










c 










c 










B 








269 




1,705 




Germany, 100 per cent 




Blue black soUde 


M 




270 


Brilliant croceine 9B 




362 




Do. 




Brilliant croceine 9B 


C 






272 


Brilliant black 




306 




Do. 




Naphthol black P 


C 






273 


Diaminogen blue 




15, 934 


1.5, 191 


Do. 




Diaminosjcn blue BB 




c..:::;: 






Diaminogen blue NA 


C 










Diaminogen blue NB 


C 








274 


Diaminogen 




7,813 


9,995 


Germany, 94 per cent 
Italy, 6 per cent. 




Diaminogen B 


C 




Diaminogen extra 


c 







38 CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 

Table 14. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1921 — Continued. 



Name of dye. 



Manufac- 
turer. 



Imports. 



Quantity 



Invoice 
value. 



Countries of origin 
(percentage of quan- 
tity). 



Diaminogen— Continued. 

Diazo indigo blue BR extra 

Diazo indigo blue 2RL 

Diazo indigo blue 2RL 1221 

Diazo indigo blue 2RL 10417 

Diazo indigo blue 2RL 10417 
(VII). 

Diazo indigo blue 2RL cone. 
70/100 10417a. 

Diazo indigo blue 2RL cone. 
70/100 10417a (VII). 

Diazo indigo blue 3RL 

Diazo indigo blue 3RL cone. 
50/100 10418a (VII). 

Zambesi pure blue 4B ; 

Diamond black 

Fast mordant black FH 

Diamond black FB 

Diamond green 

Diamond green SS 

Diamond green SS 10980 (PI)... 
Anthracene acid black 

Anthracene acid black DSF 

Anthracene acid black DSF 
extra. 

Anthracene acid black DSFB. . 

Anthracene acid black ST 

Benzo fast scarlet 

Benzo fast scarlet 4BA 10024 PI. 

Benzo fast scarlet 4BS 1024 

Benzo fast scarlet 4BS 10020(VI) 

Benzo fast scarlet 4BS 10020 (PI) 

Benzo fast scarlet 4BS cone 

Benzo fast scarlet 4BS cone. 
75/100 10020a. 

Benzo fast scarlet 4BS cone. 
75/100 10020a (VI). 

Benzo fast scarlet 5BS 1161 

Benzo fast scarlet 5BS 10021 

Benzo fast scarlet 7BS 

Benzo fast scarlet 8BS 10023 

Benzo fast scarlet 8BS 10023 (PI) 

Benzo fast scarlet G S 

Benzo fast scarlet GS 10019 (PI). 

Direct fast scarlet SE cone 

Bismark brown 

Bismark brown GG 

Milling red 

Acid milUng red G cone. 631 

Fast mordant yellow 

Anthracene yellow C powder . . . 

Fast mordant yeUow G powder. 
Cotton yellow 

Cotton yellow GI 

Benzo fast yellow 4G L.extra 

Benzo fast yellow 4GL extra 
1565 

Benzo fast yellow 4GL extra 
10102. 

Benzo fast yellow RL 

Benzo fast yeUow RL 281G8 

Diamine fast yellow 3G 

Cotton yellow" (_!X 

Benzo fast pink 2BL 

Benzo fast pink 2BL 

C'hry.sophenine 

Chrysophenine cone 

Pyramine orange 3G 

Pyramine orange 3G 

Congo orange 

Congo orange G 

Brilliant congo G 

Diamine scarlet 

Diamine scarlet B 

Diamine scarlet B 130 per cent. . 

Diamine scarlet 3B 

Diamine scarlet 3B 

Diamine scarlet 3B 120 per cent. 



By. 
By. 
By. 

By. 



M.. 
By. 



K.. 
By. 



By. 
By. 
Bv. 
By. 
By. 
By. 

By. 

By. 
By. 
By. 
By. 
By. 
Bv. 
By. 
I... 



B.. 

By. 
By. 

By. 

By. 
By. 
C... 

B.. 



By. 

s'.;.' 



I':. 



Pounds. 



2,375 



$796 



1,677 

"\,'m 



10, 373 



12,056 



Germany, 74 per cent; 

Switzerland, 26 per 

cent. 
Germany, 100 percent. 



Do. 



Germany, 79 per cent; 
Switzerland, 21 per 
cent. 



1,338 



551 

'ssi 



2,403 



4,321 



Germany, 100 per cent. 

Switzerland, lOO per 

cent. i 

Germany, 100 per cent. 

Do. 



1,300 
"'437' 



258 



77 
10, 899 



12, 642 



Do. 

Switzerland, 100 per 

cent. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 

Do. 

Do. 

Germany, 63 per cent; 
Switzerland, 35 per 
cent; Holland, 2 per 
cent. 



tV 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 39 

Table 14. — Imvorts of dyes during the calendar year 1921 — Continued. 



Schjltz 
No. 


Name of dye. 


Manufac- 
turer. 


Imports. 


Countries of origin 


Quantity. 


Invoice 
value. 


(percentage of quan- 
tity). 


319 


Diamine scarlet — Continued. 


C 


Pounds. 










Q ' 










S 








Diamine brilliant Bordeaux R.. 


C 1- - - - 






322 




5, 504 




Switzerland, 100 per 






s ;.. 




326 






1,710 


$193 


Germany, 100 per cent. 






B 






Naphthamine violet BE 

Benzo violet R 10196 


K 








By 1 










By.. \ 








Benzo violet . . 


By::::::^ :::::: 




Do. 

Do. 

Germany, 95 per cent; 
HoUand, 5 per cent. 

Switzerland, 100 per 

cent. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 

Do. 

Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 
Do. 

Switzerland, 67 per 
cent; Germany, 33 
cent. 

Germany, 100 per cent. 
Do. 


329 


Diamine brown V 




282 






Diamine brown V 


c 




330 


Zambesi brown 




403 








A 




332 






6,046 


9,507 




Benzo fast red 8BL . . 


Bv.. 




Benzo fast red 8B L 10018 

Benzo fast red 8BL 10018(VI)... 
Benzo fast red 9BL 


By ! 






By.. . . 






By 








Benzo fast red 9BL 10043(P1). . . 


By 








Q :.:::: 






334 


Diphenvl blue black double 




551 






Dip'henyl blue black double 

Naphthamine black 


G 




335 




772 






Naphthamine black CE 

Naphthamine black CET (114). 
Naphthamine blue 


K 






K 






338 




376 






Naphthamine blue 3R 


K 






Naphthamine blue 7R 


K... 






340 


Benzo orange R 


S 


500 
7,815 




342 


Chrysamine 






Chrysaiolne K 


s 




343 


Diamine fast red 




6,049 


9,070 




Diamine fast red SBL 


c 




Diamine fast red 8BL 140 per 

cent. 
Diphenyl fast red B supra 340. . 
Chloramine fast red F 


c 1 






G 






s 






Benzo fast red FC 


By 






Dianil fast red PH 


M. .. 




344 


Diamine brown 




584 






Diamine brown ATC 


C 




346 


Oxamine red 




2,668 






Oxamine red 


B 








Oxamine red X 


B 








349 


Diamine brown B 




208 


174 


Do. 




Diamine brown B 


c 






Diamine brown B 


K 








352 


Direct violet R 


I 


2 
5,026 




Switzerland, 100 per 


354 


Direct gray R 




cent. 
Do. 




Direct gray R paste 1022 

Anthracene acid red 


G 






355 




336 




Do. 




Anthracene acid red 3B 


Q 






358 


Diphenyl red 




4,036 


5,784 


Switzerland, 74 per 




Diphenyl red SC 373 


G 


cent; Germany, 7 per 




Toluylene red 


GrE. . 






cent; Italy, 19 per 
cent. 


360 


Pyramine orange R 


B 


856 
621 




Germany, 100 per cent. 
Do. 


363 


Benzopurpuriue 4B 


832 




Benzopurpurine 4B 


K 






Cotton fast red 4BSP 


B i 






364 


Diazo brilliant black 




751 


564 


Germany, 47 per cent; 
Italy, 53 per cent. 




Diazo brUliant black B 


By.---.. 




Diazo brilUant black B 487 

Delta purpurine 


By. 1 :-..: 




366 




727 




Germany, 100 per cent. 




DcltapurpurineSB extra indien. 
Brilliant purpurine 4B 


By 




368 




1,243 




Do. 




Brilliant purpurine lOB 


A 






370 


Brilliant congo 




1,273 


1,450 


Switzerland, 52 per 




Brilliant congo R 

Brilliant congo R 10012(P1) 

Brilliant congo R 


A 

By 


cent; Germany, 48 
per cent. 




S.. 







40 CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 

Table 14. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1921 — Continued. 



Schultz 

No. 


Name of dye. 


Manufac- 
turer. 


Imports. 


Countries of origin 
(percentage of quan- 
tity). 


Quantity. 


Invoice 
value. 


373 


Congo orange 




Pounds. 
500 




Germany, 100 per cent. 




Congo orange R 


A 




388 


Chicago blue R 


A 


101 
523 




Do. 


392 


Toluylene orange 




$1,092 


Do. 




Toluylene fast orange GL 

Toluylene fast orange GL 10082. 

Toluylene fast orange GL .10082E 

Acid anthracene red 


By 






By . 










By. 








400 




6,120 


2,025 


Do. 




Acid anthracene red 3B 


By 






Acid anthracene red G 


By . 










Acid anthracene red 2BL 1949. . 
Diamine yellow N 


By. .. 








404 




1,327 




Do. 




Diamine yellow N 110 per cent.. 
Direct violet BB 


C 






413 




2 




Switzerland, 100 per 




Direct violet 2B 


I .. 




418 


DlaTTiine brilliant blnp G , 




100 




Germany, 100 per cent. 




Diamine brilliant blue G 

Chicago blue 6B 


K 




424 




7,471 


24,400 


Switzerland, 59 per 
cent; Germany, 41 
per cent. 




BrUUant benzo blue 6B 10134(P1) 

Chloramine sky blue FF 

Direct sky blue green shade 

Direct sky blue green shade cone. 
Renza-mine pure blue , , , , 


By 




S 








I 








I 








426 




1,001 




Switzerland, 100 per 




Chloramine sky blue A cone 

Diamine gold 


S 




431 


c 


146 
1,225 




Germany, 100 per cent. 
Do 


432 


Diamine cutch 


334 




Diamine cutch 


c 






Diamine cutch 2475 


c... 










Diamine cutch 20495. . 


c... 








436 


Columbia black 




5,512 




Do. 




Columbia black FF extra 

Diamine bronze R 


A 






448 




661 




Do. 






c 






449 


Trisulphon brown 




38,558 




Switzerland, 100 per 






s 










s 








451 


Congo fast blue 




8,818 




Germany, 100 per cent. 






A 






456 


B enzo fast blue 




3,768 


7,125 


Germany, 98.4 per cent; 




Conc;o fast blue B 


A 


Italy, 1.6 per cent. 




Benzo fast blue 2GL 


By.. . 










Benzo fast blue, 4GL 


By 










Benzo fast blue 4GL 1854 

Benzo fast blue 4GL 10185 

Benzo fast blue 4GL 10185(P1) . . 

Benzo fast blue 4GL 10185(VI).. 

Trisulphon brown GG 


By.. . 










Bv-. . 










By.. 










Bv- 








457 




22,872 


30,477 


Switzerland, 100 pe r 




Trisulphon brown GG. 


8... 


cent. 




Trisulphon brown GG cone 

Trisulphon brown GG cone 


S 










G 








458 




1,579 


113 


Germany, 100 per cent. 




Naphthamine direct black EK.. 
Naphthamine direct black EK 

extra A. 
Naphthamine direct black 

GNM. 
Naphthamine direct black 

RWK. 
Naphthamine direct black 

RWK extra A. • 


K....... 






K 










K 










K 










K 








462 




11,102 




Switzerland, 100 per 




Carbide black E cone 


I . . . 




cent. 


467 






2,204 




Do. 




Diphcnyl green KG W supra 288. 


G.. 






469 




2,602 




Do. 




Chloramine black extra cone 

Chloramine black extra cone, 
pure. 


S... 








S... 








471 


s 


1,102 
370 




Do. 


473 


Diamine black HW 










c . 




Germany, 100 per cent. 


475 






806 


1,081 


Switzerland, 100 per 






s 


cent. 




("hloramiue G 


s 









i 



CENSUS OF DYES Al^B COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 41 

Table 14.— Imports of dyes during the calendar year ^9^i— Continued. 



Schulti 


Name of dye. 


Manufac 
turer. 


Imports. 


Countries of origin 


No. 


Quantity. 


Invoice 
value. 


(percentage of quan- 
tity). 


477 


Congo brown 




Pounds. 
551 




. Germany, 100 per cent. 




Naphthamine brown H 

Benzo brown G 


. K 




485 




289 




Do. 




Benzo fast brown GL 


By 




493 


Auramine 




35, 532 


$57,300 


Switzerland, 91 percent; 
England, 6 per cent; 
Germany, 3 per cent. 




Auramine 


LG. . 




Auramine 


I 


• 






Auramine 4183 


Q 








Auramine pure 


B : 










Auramine cone 


B 










Auramine 


K 










Auramine 


S 










Auramine 


I 










Auramine OO 


I 










Auramine OE 


G... 








495 


Malachite green 




2,525 


3,411 


Germany, 100 per cent. 




Solid green 


M 




Malachite green, small crystals. . 
SetoglaucLne 


Q 








4% 




485 




Switzerland, 100 per 

cent. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 




Setoglaucine 753 


G... J 




498 


Turquoise blue 




24 







Turquoise blue BB569 


By.... 




499 


BrUliaut green 




4,409 




Do. 




Brilliant green extra cone, small 
crystals. 
Guinea green 


Q 





502 




150 




Do. 




Acid green B 


C. . . 




503 


Neptune green 




6,962 


15,463 


Switzerland, 59 per 
cent; Germany, 41 
per cent. 




Neptune green SBLX 


B... 




Neptune green SGX 


B.... 








Brilliant acid green 6B 11653B 

(VIII). 
Brilliant acid green 6B cone. 

60/100 11653 A. 
Brilliant acid green 6B cone. 

65/100 11653. 
Erio viridine B supra 


By 








By 










By 










G . . . 










Erio viridine B supra 561 

Guinea fast green B 


G 


... 








A.... 










Benzyl green B 


I 


. 






505 


Light green (yellowish) 




933 


1,325 


Germany, 100 per cent. 




Light green j^ellowish SFXX... 
Acid green cone 


B 




M 










Acid green extra cone 


C. 








506 


Erioglaucine 




16,004 


37,455 


Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 




Erioglaucine supra 528 


G... 




Erioglaucine EP 


G . . . 








Erioglaucine EP 548 


G 










Erioglaucine AC 501 


G 








507 


Xylene blue \'S 




16,309 




Do. 




Xylene blue \S 

Xylene blue AS 


s 




508 




14,916 1 




Do. 




Xylene blue AS 


S 






Xylene blue ASL 


s 


1 






512 


Magenta 




6,834 1 


4,952 


Holland, 81 per cent; 
Germany, 14 per 
cent; France, 5 per 
cent. 

Germany, 100 per cent. 




Magenta 


Q 




Aniline red 3193 


Q 


1 






Magenta small crystals 


Q 






515 


Methyl violet 




9 






Methyl violet 


C 




516 


Crystal violet 




1,450 


6,846 


Do. 




Crystal violet extra 


B 




Crystal violetpowder 


B 










Crystal violet base 


B 


1 






517 


Benzyl violet 

Benzyl violet 5BN 


i.. !.'!.'" . 


2,138 j. 




Switzerland, 100 per 

cent. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 






518 


Ethyl piiri le 




1,389 . 






Ethyl \iolot 


B... 




522 


\ ictoria l)luo 4R 




44 . 




Switzerland, 100 per 

cent. 
Germany, 99 per cent; 

Italy, 1 per cent. 




McloriaMue 4R 


i . 




523 


Fast irrcen 




22,092 


36,645 




Fast green Mulsh 


Bv. .!'.!!'. 




Fast green Mnish 365 


Bv 1. 








Fast green extra l-luish . . 


Bv. . . 










Fast green extra 1 luish 329. 
Fast green extra bluish 10543 

Fast green extra blue shade 10543 


Bv 










By 


...;;:: 








By 









42 CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. • 

Table 1A.— Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1921 — Continued. 





Name of dye. 


Manufac- 
turer. 


Imports. 


Countries of origin 


No. 


Quantity. 


Invoice 
value. 


(percentage of quan- 
tity). 


527 


Acid violet 4BN 




Pounds. 
13, 544 


S24,479 


Switzerland, 96 per 
cent: Germany, 4 per 




Acid violet 4BNS 


S 




Acid violet 4BNS 


I 








Acid violet BW 


By 










Acid violet BW1175 


By 








528 


Fast acid violet lOB ,... 




14,837 


30,747 


Switzerland, 71 per 




Fast acid violet lOB 


By 




Fast acid violet lOB 10604 

Fast acid violet lOB 10604 (VIII) 
Fast acid violet lOB cone. 40/100. 
Fast acid \dolet lOB cone. 40/100 

10604B. 
Keton fast violet lOB cone 


Bv 










By 










By 










By 










I 








530 




2,580 


5,829 


Germany, 79 per cent: 
Switzerland, 21 per 




Acid violet 6B 668 


G 




Acid violet 6BN00 


B 








Acid violet 7B 


K 








531 






15,342 


25, 568 


Switzerland, 100 per 






G 


cent. 






S 








532 






50 




Germanv, 100 per cent. 


Alkali violet 6B00 


B .. 






534 


Acid violet 7B 




1, 287 


500 


Do. 




Acid violet 7B 


B. ... 








B 












B 








535 


Methyl alkali blue 




10 




Do. 




Methj'l alkali blue 


M 






536 


Alkali blue 




390 


522 


Do. 




Alkali blue B 


C 






Alkali blue 3B 


C 










Alkali blue 3RV 


c. 








537 


Methyl blue for silk 




6,755 


22,388 


Switzerland,90percent; 




Methyl Lyons blue 410 


G . 


Germany, lOper cent. 




Methyl silk blue (new) 706 

Methyl silk blue (new) 217 

Silk blue IV 


G . 










G 










By . 








539 


Soluble blue 




3,435 


11,999 


Germany, 100 per cent. 




Water blue 32129 


A 






Soluble blue N 


B... 










Silk blue BT5B00 


GrE 










Silk blue BT5B0O 


Q 










Silk blue 











541 


Brilliant Dianil blue 6G 




» 273 




Do. 




Brilliant sky blue 5G 1374 

Patent blue 


Bv 






543 




41,512 


89,238 


Germany, 80 per cent; 




Neptune blue BGX 


B 


Switzerland, 20 per 




Neptune blue BGX cone 

Patent blue X cone 


B 






cent. 




M 










Patent blue B 


M 










Patent blue B cone 


M 










Patent blue J4 


M 










Patent blue N cone 


M 










Patent blue V : 


M 










Patent marine blue LE 


M 










Patent marine blue LE 


A 










Tetra cyanole extra 


C 










Tetra cyanole V 


c 










Brilliant acid blue V 


Bv 










Brilliant acid blue V cone. 60/100 
10754a. 


Bv 










I 












I . . . . 








544 






3,651 




Germany, 100 per cent. 




M 






545 






16,170 


29,483 


Germany, 99 per cent 




K 


Holland, 1 percent. 






M 










B 












By.. 










Brilliant acid blue A 1448 


By.. . 










By 










Brilliant acid blue FF C573 

Brilliant acid blue FF 1507 


Bv 










By 









i 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 43 

Table 1-1. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1921 — Continued. 



Schultz 
No. 


Name of dye. 


Manufac- 
turer. 


Imports. 


Countries of origin 


Quantity. 


Invoice 
value. 


(percentage of quan- 
tity). 


545 


Patent blue A— Continued. 

Brilliant acid blue FF 10o73D 

(VIII). 
Brilliant acid blue FF cone 

60/100 10573 B. 
Brilliant acid blue FF cone 

60/100 10o73B (VIII). 
Brilliant acid blue A cono 

.55/100 10573C. 

Brilliant acid blue A cone 

Brilliant acid blue FF (105731 ).. 
Brilliant acid blue A 


By 


Pounds. 








By 










By 










By.... 










Q 










By 










By 








546 




14,170 


$30,263 


Germany, 99 per cent: 
Holland, 1 percent. 






C 




Cyanol FF 


C 








Cyanol FF extra . . ..... 


C 












C 










Cyanol BSB 


Q 










Cyanol ABC 


Q... .. 










Cyanol BSB 


C 










Cyanol MKH . 


C 










Cyanol MKH 


Q 








548 


Acid violet 6BN 




4,790 


11,421 


Switzerland, 98 per 
cent; Germany, 2 per 
cent. 




Acid viclet 6BN 


M 




Acid violet 6BN 


I 








Acid violet 6BN cone 


I 








551 






19,344 


36,792 


Switzerland, 100 per 


m 




G 


Eriochrome azurol BX 1041 

Chrome fast pure blue B 


G 










I 








554 




2,050 




Do. 




Chrome azurol SXT 1046 

Aurine 


G 






555 




300 




Germany, 100 per cent. 




Aurine S. I. S 


A 




558 




771 




Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 




Victoria blue R 


I.. .. 




559 






12,342 


33,062 


Switzerland, 99 per 
cent; Germany, 1 per 
cent. 






B 




Victoria blue B base 


B 








Victoria blue B base 


I 












I 










Victoria blue B cone 


S 










Victoria blue B highly cone 


B 










B 










B 








560 


Night blue 




317 




Germany, 100 per cent. 




Night blue 


B 






Night blue extra green shade. . . 


Bv 








562 




597 


921 


Do. 




Fast acid blue B 483 


By 






Wool blue SR extra 10564 

New patent blue B 


By 








563 




421 




Do. 




New patent blue B 10570 (PL). . 
Naphthalene green 


Bv 






564 




12,665 


33,483 


Switzerland, 93 per 
cent; Germany, 7 per 
cent. 




Naphthalene green cone, extra. . 
Naphthalene green V 


M 




M 










G 










Erio green B supra 657 


G 










Erio green BB supra 661 

Kiton fast green V 


G 










I 










Kiton fast green V cone 


I 








565 


Acid blue B . . .". 




1,231 


2,326 


Germany, 100 per cent. 




Wool blue G extra 


A 




Wool blue 5B 


A 








566 


Wool green S 




51,822 


115,279 


Switzerland, 70 per 
cent; Germany, 30 
cent. 




Wool green S 


B 




Wool green S cone 


S 








Wool green S highly cone 

Wool green BS 10550 (PI) 

Cyanole green KBC 


B 










By 










C. 










Cyanole fast green G 


C 










Wool green S cone. 250 per cent. 
Wool green SC 655 


I 










G 










Wool green SC 655 95 per cent... 
-Vcridine red 


G 








569 


Q 


4 




France, 100 per cent. 



44 CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAE CHEMICALS, 1921. 

Table 14. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1921 — Continued. 



Schultz 
No. 


Name of dye. 


Manufac- 
turer. 


Imports. 


Countries of origin 


Quantity. 


Invoice 
value. 


(percentage of quan- 
tity). 


570 


Rhodamine S 




Pounds. 
220 




Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 




Rhodamine S 


I 




571 


Rhodamine 6G 




10,069 


$76,933 


Germany, 63 per cent; 
Switzerland, 37 per 
cent. 




Rhodamine 6G 


B 




Rhodamine 6G 


K... 








Rhodamine 6G 


M... 










Rhodamine 6G 12214 


B .. 










Rhodamine 6G 18607 


B .... 












B ... 












By.... 










Rhodamine 6G extra 


M.;:: : 












s 










Rhodamine 6G extra, pure 

Rhodamine 6GD extra 


B 










M 










Rhodamine 6GDN 


B 










Rhodamine6GDN extra 

Rhodamine 6GW cone 


B 










I 










Rhodamine 6G extra 


I 








572 


Rhodamine G 




105 




Germany, 100 per cent. 




Rhodamine G 


M 








Rhodamine G extra 


M 








573 


Rhodamine B 




10, 890 


37, 146 


Switzerland, 59 per 




Rhodamine B base 


I . 


cent; Germany, 41 




Rhodamine B extra 


I ... 






per cent. 




Rhodamine B extra 

Rhodamine B extra 


S. 










B 




J 




Rhodamine B extra 


M 




1 




Rhodamine B extra base 


B 




1 




Rhodamine B extra cone 


. 








Cartliamine B 


B 








579 


Xylene red 




1,001 




Switzerland, 100 per 






S 




cent. 


580 




M 


135 
15,879 




Germany, 100 per cent. 


587 


Eosine 


26,090 


Do. 






M 






Bromofluores?eic acid crystals. . 
Eosine extra G F (free from salt) . 
Eosine GGB ^ 


M 










M 










C 










Eosine extra A 5G 

Bromofluoresceiae A 3G 

BromoQuoresceiae BL bluish.. . 

Bromofluoresceiae crystals 

Eosine BNL 


M 






< 




M 










M 










M 








590 




161 




Do. 






B 






591 


Erythrosiue G 




110 




Switzerland, 100 per 
cent 




Erythrosine G 


Q 




595 


Rose bengale 




285 


1,644 


Switzerland, 96 per 
cent; Germany, 4 per 
cent. 




Rose bengale NTO 


B 




Rose bengale double cone 

Rose bengale double cone, pow- 
der. 
GaUelne 


DH 








DH. ... 








599 




1,069 




Germany, 100 per cent 




GaUeine SW powder 


B 








M 








601 


Coeruletn S ' 




2,303 140 


Do. 




Coeruleia 10 per cent paste 

Coerulein S powder 


B 


% 




B 






Coerulein SS powder 


B 


3 




603 


Acridine orange 




1, 520 5, 608 


Switzerland, 72 per 




Euchrysine 3RX 


B . 


cent; Germany 28 




Euchrysiue 3RX 


L 




per cent. 






I 






Rhoduline orange NO 50/100 

Phosphine 


By 






fi06 




20,952 1 88.519 


Switzerland, 88 per 






M. 


cent; Germany, 9 




Phosphine 3R 


A.. 




per cent; Italy, 3 per 






C 






cent. J 




Patent phosphine G cone, paste. 
Patent phosphine R cone, paste. 
Patent phosphine M cone 


I 






.'1 




I 


j 




i 




I 


1 








S 






\ 






S 






J 






s ... . 






A 




Coriphosphine OX extra 


By 






1 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 
Table 14. — Imports of dyes during the culendar year 1921 — Continued. 



45 



Schultz 
No. 


Name of dye. 


Manufac- 
turer. 


Imports. 


Countries of origin 


Quantity. 


Invoice 
value. 


(percentage of quan- 
tity). 


606 


Phosphine— Continued. 


BD 


Pounds. 








Patent phosphine M 300 per 

cent. 
Patent phosphine G 300 per cent 
Patent phosphine GG 300 per 

cent. 
Patent phosphine R 300 per cent 
Brilliant phosphine 5G 300 per 

cent. 
Brilliant phosphine oG cone 


I 










I 










I 










I 










I 










I 










I 










Phosphine 7G 807 leather 

Phosphine 7GG 808 leather 

Patent phosphine G cone. 300 

per cent balance. 
Patent phosphine GG cone. 300 

per cent. 
Patent phosphine 5G 


G 




:::::::::::: 






G 










I 










I 










I ... 








607 


Rheonine 




130 


$492 


Germany, 100 per cent 




Rheonine GD 


B 






B 








608 


Euchrysine 




965 


811 


Do. 






B 






Euchrysine GRNTN 


B 










Euchrysine RRDX 


B 










Euchrysine RT 


B... 










Euchrysine 3RX 


B 










Euchrysine 2RX 


B 








609 


Homophosphine 




918 


2,287 


Germany, 67 per cent; 
England, 33 per cent. 




Diamond Phosphine GG 


C 




L 








Corioflavine GOOO 


GrE 








613 


Quinoline Yellow . 




21,898 


40,893 


Switzerland, 65 per 
cent; Germany, 35 
per cent. 




Quinoline Yellow 


I 






S 










A 








Quinoline Yellow 


M 










Quinoline Yellow 10534(P1) 

Quinoline 1 ellow cone. .50/100... 

Quinoline ^ ellow extra 

Quinoline Y ellow RT extra 

Quinoline Yellow KTextraconc. 
QiiiiioUne "i ellow N extra 10536 

(Plj. 
Quinoline yellow OK 


By 










By. .. 










B^ 










By 










By 










By.:::.. 










M 










Quiuohne O cone 


M 










Quinoline yellow 


By. 










QuinoUne yellow O 


M .. 










Quinoline yellow extra (easily 
soluble). 


B 










G 












S... 






Switzerland, 100 per 


tJlO 


PrimuUne 




771 






Polychromine AC 127 f*. 


G.. .. 






617 


Cokunbia yellow 




4,799 


7,216 


England, 58 per cent; 
Switzerland, 41.7 per 
cent; Germany, 0.3 






S 




Diaimne fast yellow FF 

O.xyphenine R 


C 








ClCo 






per cent. 


618 

620 
622 
626 


Oxyphenine GG 300 per cent 
cone. 
Thioflavine T 


ClCo 








6,997 


11,750 


Germany, 73 per cent; 
Italy, "23 per cent; 
Switzerland, 4 per 


Thioflavine T 


S 


Thioflavine T 


K 






Thioflavine T . . . 


C ... 






Thioflavine TCN . . . 


C 








Rhoduline yellow 6G 


By.... 








Khoduline yellow 6G 1280 

Capri blue GON 


By 










549 




Germany, 100 per cent 


Capri blue GON cone 

Capri blue GON 

Delphine blue B 


L 




L 










10,617 




Switzerland, 100 per 


Brilhant Delphine blue B 

Brilliant Delphine blue BS 

Gallocyanine 


S 




s 










12,343 


4,967 


Switzerland, 97 per 


Gallocyanine paste 

Gallocvanine F powder 


s... 


cent; Germany, 3 per 
cent. 


B 








46 CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICAI^, 1921. 

Table 14. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1921 — Continued. 



Schultz 
No. 


Name of dye. 




Imports. 


Countries of ongin 


turer. 


Quantity. 


Invoice 
value. 


(percentage of quan- 
tity). 


627 






Pounds. 
154 




Switzerland, 100 per 




Anthracyanine S powder 

Modern blue 


DH 




629 


DH 


io" 

2,002 




Do. 


635 






Do. 




Ultra violet MO 


S 






636 


Prune 




1,928 




Do. 






S 






637 






15, 179 




Do. 




Gallamine blue extra paste 900 . . 

Gallamine blue extra paste 

Celestine blue B 


G 








g".:. : 






641 




5 




Do. 




Coreine RR powder No. 65 

Cotton blue 


Q 






649 




2,882 





Do. 




Meldola's blue 3R cone 


s 





651 


New methylene blue GG 


C .... 266 




Germany, 100 per cent. 


653 


Nile blue 




749 




Do. 




• Nile blue BX '. 


B . ... 






654 


Nile blue 2B 




764 




Do. 




Nile blue BBX 


B . ... 






658 


Fast black. . 




408 




Do. 




GaUophenine P 


Bv 








Gallophenine P 100 pdr cent 

Methylene blue 


By.. . . 








659 




1,479 


$2,520 


Switzerland, 83 per 




Methylene blue 


O 


cent; Germany, 17 




Methylene blue medic, fine 

powder. 
Methylene blue BG extra cone . . 
Methylene blue BBS zinc free . . 


I 






per cent. 




tM 










s 








660 




3,318 


6,490 


Switzerland, 99.7 per 






B ... 


cent; Germany, 0.3 




Methylene green W 748 

Thionine blue 


G 






per cent. 




I 








661 




421 




Switzerland, 52 per 




Thionine blue GO 


I 




cent; Germany, 48 




Thionine blue GO 


M 






per cent. 


663 






1,315 


3,213 


Germany, 69 per cent; 




New methylene blue N 

New methylene blue N extra 

cone. 
New methylene blue N cone. 

145 per cent. 


C . . 


England, 23 per cent; 




M 






Italy, 8 per cent. 




C . . 








667 




8,725 


23, 172 


Switzerland, 98 per 






S -. - 


cent; Germany, 2 per 




Indochromine RR cone, double . 


s ... 






cent. 




s _ 




















Brilliant alizarine blue R powder 
571. 


Bv. 








672 




8,684 


19, 428 


Germany, 100 per cent. 






B 






Azo carmine GX 30 853 


B 










Azo carmine GX powder 


B . 








673 




•1,774 


1,848 


Germany, 89 per cent; 






M 


England, 11 per cent. 






B . . 












B 












B 












K 








676 






110 




Switzerland, 100 pei 






I 




cent. 


679 






741 




Germany, 60 per cent; 




Safranine FF extra cone 

Safranine FF extra cone 


Bv 




Switzerland, 40 per 











cent. , 


681 




899 




France, 100 per cent. 






p 






687 


Rosolane OTR . 




2,393 


15, 437 


Germany, 100 per cent. 






M 






Methylene heliotrope extra cone. 


M . . 








688 




131 


392 


France, 92 per cent; 






p 


Germany, 8 per cent 






M 








689 




C 


258 
1,700 




Germany, 100 per cent. 


690 






Do. 




Dipheneblue RK 


A 







CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 47 

Table 14. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1921 — Continued. 



Scbultz 
No. 


Name of dye. 




Imports. 


Countries of origin 


turer. 


Quantity. 


Invoice 
value. 


(percentage of quan- 
tity). 


693 


Milling blue BC 




Founds. 
220 




Switzerland, 100 per 




Cloth Fast Blue B 


I 




700 


Nigrosine (soluble in water) 




100 




Germany, 100 per cent. 




Silver gray P 


A 




705 


Indamine 6R 




9,946 


$14, 344 


Do 




Indocyanine B 


A 






Acid Cyanine BF 


A 










Do 


By 








706 


Katigen black brown 




12 




Do 




Katigen black brown GN extra 
cone. 11506(X1). 
Pyrogene green 2(1 


By 






709 




1,947 




Switzerland, 100 per 




Pyrogene green 3G 250 per cent.. 
Pyrogene green 3G 


I 






I 








710 


Immedial yellow D 




6 




Germany, 100 per cent. 




Immedial yellow D 


C 


711 


Immedial orange C 




320 




Do 




Immedial orange 


C 






726 


Pyrogene blue 




10,717 




Switzerland, 100 per 




Pyrogene direct blue RL cone. 

Pyrogene direct blue RL 

Pyrogene yellow 


I 






I 








734 




2,912 


6,652 


Do 




Pyrogene yellow M 95 cone 

Pyrogene yellow O cone 

Pyrogene yellow O 


I 






I 










I 










Pyrogene yellow O 600 


I 










Pyrogene yellow M 450 


I 








735 


Pyrogene indigo 




441 




Do 




Pyrogene indigo 


I 






746 


Katigen green 




6,543 



7,897 


Switzerland, 92 per 
cent; Germany, 8 per 




Katigen green 2G cone. 50/100 

Thional brilliant green GG 

Thional brilliant green 2G 


By 




s..:.;:;; 








s 










Pvrogene olive 3G 


I 










Thional dark green GN 


s 








748 


Hydron bhio (single strength) 




140,323 


115, 817 


Germany, 70 per cent; 
Italy, 30 per cent. 




Hvdron blue G naste 20/100 


C 


Hvdron blue G oaste 30/100 


c... 








Hydron blue G paste 40/100 

Hydron blue G powder 


c 










c 










Hydron blue R paste 20/100 

Hydron blue R paste 30/100 

Hydron blue R powder 


c 










G 










C... 










Hydron violet 15 paste 


C... 










Hydron blue B paste 


c... 










Hydron blue RF powder 

Hydron blue B powder 


c 










c 










Hydron olive G powder 

Hydron Olive B powder 

Anthraflavone G paste 


c 










c 








759 




10,594 


14,389 


Germany, 95 per cent; 
Italy, 5 per cent. 




Anthraflavone G 


if 




Anthraflavone G paste 


B 








Anthraflavone GC paste 

Anthraflavone GC paste, fine.. . 

Anthraflavone GC paste 

Indanthrene golden orange G (single 
strength). 
Indanthrene golden orange G 

paste. 
Indanthrene golden orange G 

paste, sand free. 
Indanthrene golden orange G 

double paste. 
Indanthrene golden orange G 

double paste, sand free. 
Indanthrene golden orange G 

powder. 
Indanthrene golden orange R 


B 










B 










By 








760 




32,625 


44,224 


Germany, 95.7 per 
cent; Kngland, 4 per 
cent; Italy, 0.3 per 
cent. 




B 




B 








B 










B 










B 








761 




56,236 


101,638 


Germany, 95.3 per 
cent; Kngland, 2 per 
cent; Holland, 2 per 
cent; Italy, 0.7 per 
cent. 




Indanthrene golden orange R 

paste. 
Indantlu-ene golden oranee R 


B 




B 






paste, sand free. 
Indantnrene golden orange 

RRT paste. 
Indanthrene golden orange 

RRT paste. 


A 






B 

















48 CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 

Table 14. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1921 — Continued. 



Schultz 

No. 


Name of dj'e. 


Manufac- 
turer. 


Imports. 


Countries of origin 


Quantity. 


Invoice 
value. 


(percentage of quan- 
tity). 


761 


Indanthrene golden ora nge R — Con. 
Indanthrene golden orange 

RRT paste, fine. 
Indanthrene golden orange 

RRT paste, sand free. 
Indanthrene golden orange 
RRT powder. 
Indanthrene scarlet OS powder. . . . 


B 


Pounds. 








B 










B 








762 




472 




Germany, 100 per cent. 




Indanthrene scarlet G paste — 

Indanthrene scarlet OS powder. 

Indanthrene dark blue BO paste... 


B 






B 








763 




3,484 


«1,822 


Germany, 57 per cent; 
England, 43 per cent. 




Indanthrene dark blue BO 

paste . 
Indanthrene dark blue BO 

paste, sand free. 
Indanthrene dark blue BO 


B 




B.. 










B.. 








765 




6,932 


3,978 


Germany, 100 per cent 


Indanthrene green B paste 

Indanthrene green B double 

paste. 
Indanthrene green B double 

paste, sand free. 
Indantlirfene violet R extra paste... 


B 






B 










B. 








766 




.5, 241 


1,7a) 


Italy, 85 per cent; 


Indanthrene violet R extra 

paste. 
Indanthrene violet R extra 

powder. 


B . 


Germanv, 15 per 




B.. 






cent. 


767 




4.5, l.')4 


.58, 134 


Germanv, SS per cent; 




Indanthrene violet 2R extra 

paste. 
Indanthrene violet 2R extra 

paste, fine. 
Indanthrene violet RR extra. . . 
Indanthrene violet RR extra 

paste. 
Indanthrene violet RR extra 

paste, fine. 
Indanthrene violet RR extra 

paste, sand free. 
Indanthrene violet RR extra 

p paste. 
Indanthrene violet RR extra 

powder. 
Indanthrene violet RR extra p 

powder. 
Indanthrene violet RRX pow- 
der. 


B 


Italy, " 10 per cent; 




B.. . . 






England, 2 per cent. 




B 










B 










B 










B 










B . . 










B 










B 










B 








708 




14,957 


3, 045 


Germanv, 89 per cent: 




Indanthrene violet B extra paste. 

Indanthrene black BB paste re- 
dissolved. 

Indanthrene black BB double 
paste. 

Indanthrene black BB double 
paste. 

IndaiilhreiiP black BB double 
paste, sand free. 

Indanthrcne black BB powder . 


B 


Holland, 11 per cent. 




B 










Q 






« 




B 






h 




B 










B 








774 




25,524 


9,284 


Germanv, 100 per cent. 






K 






Alizarin black B powder 

Alizarin black S paste for print- 
ing. 


By 










M 










B 






t 




Alizarin black SRW paste 

Alizarin black WR Kl/KM) paste. 
Alizarin black \VH 40/l()0 paste. 
Alizarin black W.X extra paste. . 
Alizarin black W.X extra N paste 
Alizarin black WX extra single 

paste. 
Alizarin bine black GT pow'der. . 


B 










B 










B. 










B 










B 










B 










B 






i 


778 




136, 283 
5,854 


49, 707 
l,.50O 


779 






Holland, 36 per eeni: 






B 


G erman y, 34 per cent ; 




Alizarin orange SW powder 

Alizarin orange GG 

Alizarin orange 8() powder 


B . . 




' 


England, 30 per cent. 




M 




1 






M 


::::::::::::i 


1 


. 1 



i 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 49 

Table 14. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1921 — Continued. 



Schultz 
No. 


Name of dye. 


Manufac- 
turer. 


Imports. 


Countries of origin, 


Quantity. 


1 

Invoice 
value. 


(percentage of quan- 
tity). 


779 
780 


Alizarin orange — Continued. 


M 


Pounds. 

















Alizarin orange SW powder 884 

(R). 


By...... 










15, 565 


$16,653 


Germany, 96 per cent; 
F^ngland, 4 per cent. 


Alizarin red S powder 

Alizarin red SWB powder 

Alizarin red SWBB powder 

Alizarin red WB paste 


B 




B 








B 










B... 










Alizarin red WX extra S paste . 


B 










Alizarin red \V powder 

Alizarin red W powder 

Alizarin red W powder 773 

Alizarin red W powder 11376. . . 
Alizarin red W powder 11376(P1) 
Alizarin red W powder 10/400... 
Alizarin red I Ws powder 


K 










Bv 










By 










By 










By 










Bv- 










M". 












M 








782 


Alizarin brown 




20,700 


1,272 


Germany, 100 per cent. 




Alizarin brown 16S7 


M 




Alizarin brown 40 . . . 


M ....;;:::: 








Alizarin brown 80 per cent 

Alizarin brown F 

Alizarin brown H 

Alizarin brown N 


M . 








M. ' 








M 1 








M - 








Anthracene brown 20/100 paste. . 
Antliraccne brown 40/100 paste. . 
Antliracene brown 100 per cent 

powder. 
Anthracene brown SW powder . 
Anthracene brown S WR powder 

Anthracene brown \V 20/100 

Anthracene brown WR 

Anthracene brown WR 20/100 

paste. 
Antliracene brown WB 20/100 

paste. 
Anthracene brown WG 20/100 

paste. 
Alizarin SX, CD 


B 










B 










B 










B 










B 










M 










M 










B 










B 










B 








7S4 




12,205 


2,386 


Do 




Alizarin Sx 

Alizarin SX 20/100 


B 






B 










Alizarin Sx 20/100 paste 


B 










.\lizarin SX powder 


B. 










Alizarin CfD II 


B. . 










Alizarin GD 20 per cent paste... 
Alizarin RG GI 


B... 








785 




18,266 


4,673 


Germany, 77 per cent; 
England, 23 per cent. 




Alizarin RG powder 

Alizarin GI powder. . 


B 




G 








Jtlizariu YC A 20/100 


Q 










Alizarin GG. 


By. 










AHzarin red SDG 20/100 

Alizarin red SDG paste 


M 










M 








787 


Alizarin Bordeaux B, BD 




1, 803 


1,436 


England, 66 per cent; 
Germany, 34 per cent. 




Alizarin Bordeaux B paste 

Alizarin Bordeaux paste 

Alizarin Bordeaux 20/100 

Alizarin cvanine R 


B 




By 








q:.....: 








788 




2, 750 


1,380 


England, 73 per cent; 
Germany, 27 per cent. 




Alizarin cyanine R powder 

Alizarin cvanine WRB paste 

11308 (PI). 
Alizarin cvanine 10/100 


By... . 




By...::: 








By... . 








7S9 


Anthracene blue WR 




107, 769 


93, 857 


Germany, 100 percent. 




Anthracene blue WR paste. .... 
Anthracene blue WR double 

paste. 
Anthracene blue WR double 

paste. 
Anthracene blue WR extra 

paste. 
Acid alizarin blue BB, GR 


B . 




B... 










B 










B 








790 




11,375 


5,891 


Germanv, 91 oercent' 




Acid alizarin blue GR 


M 


France, 9 per cent. 




Anthracene blue SWGG powder 
Anthracene blue SWGG extra 

powder. 
Anthracene blue SWR powder. 
Anthracene dark blue W paste. . 
Acid alizarine blue BB 


B 








B 










B 










B 










M 









50 CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 

Table 14. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1921 — Continued. 



Schultz 
No. 


Name of dye. 




Imports. 


Countries of Torigia 


turer. 


Quantity. 


Invoice 
value. 


(percentage of quan- 
tity). 


791 


Indanthrene olive G powder B 




Pounds. 
5 

5,887 




Germany 100 (per cent. 
Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 


792 


Cibanone orange R 




$14, 188 




Cibanone orange R paste pat 

Cibanone orange R powder pat. 

Cibanone green B paste pat 

Cibanone green G paste pat 

Cibanone olive B paste pat 

Cibanone blue 3G •. 


I 




I 










I 










I 










I 








793 




227 




Do. 




Cibanone blue 3G paste 10/100 
pat. 

Cibanone blue 3G paste pat 

Cibanone black 


I 








I 








794 




1,102 




Do. 




Cibanone blaek B paste pat 

Cibanone yellow R 


I 






795 




1,770 


7,537 


Do. 




Cibanone yellow R paste pat. . . 

Cibanone yellow R powder pat. 

Acid alizarin green B. G 


I 






I 








796 




1,322 


250 


Germany, 100 per cent. 




Acid alii'.arin green B 


M 






Acid alizarin green 3G 


M 








797 


Ali/arin garnet 




1,523 




Do. 




Alizarin claret R paste 


M 






798 


Alizarin maroon W 




2,751 




Do. 




Alizarin maroon 20/100 paste 

Alizarin cyanine G 


B 






799 




3,336 


3,224 


Germany,f65 per cent; 
England, 38 per cent; 




Alizarin cyanine G extra pow- 
der 11319(P1). 

Alizarm cyanine GG powder 

Alizarin cyanine RR powder 
11307(P1). 

Alizarm cyanine GG powder 
100 per cent. 
Anthracene blue 


By 




By.... 






France, 7 per cent. 




By..:::: 










By 








800 




4,057 


139 


Germany, 100 per cent. 




Anthracene blue WB paste 

Anthracene blue WG paste 

Anthracene blue WGG 


B 




B 








801 




4,409 




Do. 




Anthracene blue WGG paste. . . 
Alizarin blue WX, A .". . . . 


B 






803 




12,482 


9,845 


Do. 




Alizarm blue 


M.. 






Alizarin blue A 20 


M 










Alizarin blue A 100 per cent 

AUzarin blue WX 20 per cent.. . 
Alizarin blue WX 20 per cent 

paste. 
Auzarin blue JR 


M. 










B 










B 










K 










Alizarin blue JR powder 1130. . . 
Alizarin blue S 


By 








804 




21,521 


11, 801 


Germany, 90 per cent; 




Alizarin blue S 


M 


Italy, 6 per cent; 




Alizarin blue S 45/100. . . 


M 






Switzerland, 4 per 




Alizarin blue S powder. . . 


B 






cent. 




' Alizarin blue S powder 11388(P1) 

Alizarin blue S A P powder 

Alizarin blue SA WSA 

Alizarin blue SB 45. . 


By 










By:. :: 










By 










M 










Alizarin blue SB 45 cone 

Alizarin blue S W powder 

Alizarin dark blue S 23 


M 










By 










M^..: .: 










Alizarin blue SR 


M 










Alizarin blue SR W paste 

Alizarin blue SR W powder 

Alizarin blue SW 


B 










B 










M 










Alizarin blue S W powder 


B 










By 












s...:.:.. 








805 






2,000 




England, 100 per cent. 




Alizarin green S paste 15/100 


Q 






808 




4,465 


4,645 


Germany, 100 per cent. 






B 








K 










Alizarin green CG extra 


K 








809 




619 




Do. 




Alizarin indigo blue S paste 

Helindone yellow 3GN (single 
strength). 

Helindone yellow 3GN powder. . 
Algol yellow 3G . . .... 


B 






810 




352 




Italy, 100 per cent. 




M 






811 




1, 048 




Germany, 100 per ceat. 




Algol yellow 3G paste 1487 


By 







1 



CENSUS OF DYES A2^D COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 51 

Table 14.— Imports of dyes during the calendar year ^£»fl— Continued. 



Schultz 
No. 



Name of dye. 



812 
816 



817 



819 



820 



821 



822 



824 



825 



Indanthrene orange RT paste . 

Algol red 5G (single strength) 

Algol red 5G paste 

Algol red 5G powder 1539 

Algol yellow R (single strength) . . . 
Algol yellow R powder . . . 

Algol pink R (single strength) 

Algol pink R paste 

Algol pink R paste, 10 per cent 

11569 (111). 
Algol pink R paste, 1:8 11569(P1) 

Algol pink R powder 

Algol pink R powder 1665. .. . 
Algol pink R powder (11570). . . . 
Algol red R FF (single strength). 
Algol brilUant red 2B paste 8/100 

11747(111). 
Algol brilliant red 2B paste... 
Algol brilliant red 2B powder. 
Algol brilliant red 2B powder 

11573. 
Algol red F extra powder 1870. . 
Algol red F extra powder 11563. 

Algol red FF extra paste 

Algol red FF extra paste 1857.. . 
Algol red FF extra paste, S per 

cent 11562(111). 
Algol red FF extra powder 11563 

Algol red R extra paste 

Algol red R extra paste, 1:8 

11560(P1). ' 

Algol red R extra paste S/IOO 
11560(111). 

Algol brilliant violet R 

Algol brilliant violet R paste 

1773. ^ 

Algol brilliant violet R paste 

1894. 
Algol brilliant violet R paste 

10/100 11749(111). 
Algol brilliant violet R powder 
Algol brilliant violet R powder 

11749a(lll). 
Algol brilHant violet R paste . . . 
Algol brilliant violet 2B (single 
strength). 

Algol brilliant violet 2B 

Algol brilliant violet 2B paste 

10/100 11748(111). 
Algol brilliant violet 2B powder . 
Algol brilliant violet 2B powder 
11654. 

Algol blue 3R powder 

Algol blue 3RP powder.. 
Algol brilliant violet 2B paste. 
Algol brilliant orange FR (single 
strength). 
Algol brilliant orange FR paste. 
Algol brilliant orange FR pow- 
der 1822. 
Algol brilliant orange FR pow- 
der 11576. 
Algol brilliant orange FR pow- 
der 11576(111). 

Algol orange R (single strength) 

Algol orange R paste 

Algol orange R paste 1:8 11574 

Algol orange R powder 1501.... 

Algol orange R powder 1155 

Algol orange R powder 11575(P1) 

Algol Red B 

-\lgol red B paste !. 

Algol red B paste 

Algol Red B paste 11556(Pi) . . ' 



Manufac- 
turer 



By. 



By. 



By. 

By. 
By. 
By. 



By. 

^^■ 
By. 

By. 
By. 

By. 
By. 

By.. 
By.. 



By. 

By. 

By. 

By. 
By. 

By. 



By. 



By. 
By- 

By. 
By. 
By. 



Bv. 
By. 

By. 

By. 



K.. 
By. 

By. 

By. 



By. 
By. 



Imports. 



Quantity. 



Pounds. 
212 
578 



Invoice 
value. 



2,400 
'5,"i53' 



14, 489 



83,372 



15,899 



Countries of origin 
(percentage of quan- 
tity). 



Germany, 100 per cent. 
Do. 



Do. 

Germany, 87 per cent; 
Italy, 13 per cent. 



Germany, 88 per cent; 
Holland, 2 per cent; 
England, 10 per cent. 



3,782 



1,951 



4,463 



Germany, 100 per cent. 



1,560 



1,228 



2,840 



2,685 



6,626 



301 



7,706 



Germany, 74 per cent; 
Italy, 26 per cent. 



Italy, 18 per cent; Ger- 
many, 82 per cent. 



Germany, 100 per cent. 



Germany, 98 per cent; 
Holland, 2 per cent. 



52 CENSUS or dyes and coal-tar chemicals, 1921, 

Table 14. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1921 — Continued. 



Schultz 
No. 


Name of dye. 


Manufac- 
turer. 


Imports. 


Countries of origin 


Quantity. 


Invoice 
value. 


(percentage of quan- 
tity). 


, 827 


Indantlirene claret B extra (single 
strength) . 
Indantlircne claret B extra paste 
Indantlirene claret B extra 

paste sand free. 
Indantlirene claret B double 

paste. 
Indantlirene claret B extra pow- 
der. 
Indantlirene Bordeaux B extra 

paste. 
Indantlirene Bordeaux B extra 

double paste. 
Indantlirene Bordeaux B double 

paste sand free. 
Indanthrene red R (single strength). 

Indanthrene red R paste 

Indanthrene red R powder 

Indanthrene red BN (single 
strength). 
Indanthrene red BN extra 

paste. 
Indanthrene red BN extra 

paste. 
Indanthrene red BN extra 

paste fine. 
Indanthrene red, BN extra 

paste sand free. 
Indanthrene red, BN extra 

powder. 
Indanthrene red BN paste 




Pounds. 
9,020 


$8, 532 


Germany, 84 per cent; 
Belgium, 12 per cent; 
Kngland, 4 per cent. 




B 




B 










B 










B 










B 










B 










B 








830 




3,760 


2, 480 


Germany, 100 per cent. 




B 




B 








S31 




20, 405 


26, 808 


Germany, 97 per cent; 




A 


England, 3 per cent. 




B 










B 










B 










B 










B 








832 




1,680 




Germany, 100 per cent. 




Indanthrene violet RN extra 
sand free. 
Algol olive R (single strength) 


B 






833 




337 


357 


Germany, 74 per cent; 






By 


Italy, 26 per cent. 




Algol olive R powder 


By 








834 


Algol gray (single strength) 




120 




Germany, 100 per cent. 






By 






836 


Helindone brown 3GN. 




350 




Do. 




Helindone Brown 3GN paste. 
Indanthrene blue RS (single 
strength). 

Indanthrene blue RS paste 

Indanthrene blue RS paste (for 

paper). 
Indanthrene blue RS paste (for 

paper) sand free. 
Indanthrene blue RSP paste. . . 
Indanthrene blue RS double 

paste. 
Indanthrene blue RS double 

paste sand free. 
Indanthrene blue RS. (for pa- 
per) powder triple. 
Indanthrene blue RSP triple 

powder. 


M 






838 




12, 958 


2,936 


Germany, 82 per cent; 




B . 


Italy, IS per cent. 




B . 










B .. . 










B... . 










B. . . 










B 










B 










B 








839 




66 




Italy, 100 per cent. 






By . 






840 


Indanthrene blue 3G (single 
strength). 

Indanthrene blue 3G paste 

Indanthrene blue3G paste sand 

free. 
Indanthrene blue 3(i double 

paste sand free. 

Indanthrene blue 3G powder. . . 

Indanthrene blue GGS (single 

strength). 

Indantlirene blue GGSP jjaste.. 

Indan I lirene blue GOSP double 

paste (thin). 
Indanlhiciie blue GGSP double 

pusic (thick). 
Indanthrene; blue GGSZ double 
paste. 




15,215 


12,702 


Germany, 58 per cent; 




B 


Italy, 42 per cent. 




B 










B 










B . 








841 




2, 200 


2, 172 


(Jermanv, 100 percent. 




B 






B 










B. 










B 






1 










.1 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 53 

Table U.—Iviports of dyes during the calendar year 1921— Continued. 



Schultz 
No. 



842 



Name of dye. 



Manufac- 
turer. 



GCD (single 



843 

844 



847 



S49 



B... 
BD. 
B... 



8.50 



Sol 



852 



853 
854 



^^■ 

By- 
By. 



Indanthi-ene blue 
strength). 
Indanthrene blue GCD single 

paste. 
Indanthrene blue GCD paste 

sand free. 
Indanthrene blue GDC double 

paste. 
Indanthrene blue GCD double 

paste. 
Indanthrene blue GCD double 

paste fine. 
Indanthrene blue GCD double 

paste sand free. 
Indanthrene blue GCD powder 
Indanthrene blue GCD double 

paste. 
Indanthrene blue GCD paste . . 

Duranthrene blue CC 

Indanthrene blue GC paste '. 

Algol blue 3G (single strength). 

Algol blue 3G paste 

Algol blue 3G paste 1412 . 
Algol blue 3G paste 11.588. . 
AlgolblueSG paste 1:8 11588 (III) 
Algol blue 3G paste 9/100 11588.. 
Algol blue 3G powder 1495. 
Algol blue 3G powder 11589. . 
Algol green B (single strength). . . . 

Algol green B powder 

Indanthrene gray BP (single 
strength). 
Indanthrene gray B paste . 
Indanthrene gray B paste sand 

free. 
Indanthrene gray double paste 
sand free. 
Indanthrene yellow (single 
strength). 
Indanthrene yellow G paste. 
Indanthrene yellow G double" 

paste flue 

Indanthrene yellow G powder ' 
Indanthreneyellow GP powder 
Indanthrene yellow GN extra' 

paste sand free. 
Indanthrene yellow R paste 
Indanthrene yellow R paste 

sand free. 
Indanthrene yellow R powder 
Indanthrene yellow GT double 

paste. 
Indanthrene yellow G double 

paste. 
Indanthrene yellow R paste 

100 per cent. 
Duranthrene yellow GX. BD 

Indanthrene blue WB 



By. 



B. 



Indanthrene blue WBO pow- 
der. 

Indanthrene blue WB powder 
Alizarin direct blue B... 

Alizarin direct blue E 3 B 
Alizarin cyanole B . . . 

Alizarin irisol D R [ 

Alizarin irisol R powder! 
Alizarin irisol R cone. 7.5/i66 
powder 11362B. 

Alizarin direct violet 

Anthraquinone violet powder 
Alizarin viridine DG, FF. . 

Alizarin viridine FF naste 

AUzarin viridine FF paste 

H299(P1). * 

AUzarin viridine FF paste 
l:4ill299A. ^ 



B. 



By. 
By. 

M.. 
B.. 



By. 
By. 



Imports. 



Quantity. 



Pounds. 
201,835 



Invoice 
value. 



$75, 061 



Countries of origin 
(percentage of quan- 
tity). 



Germany, 90 per cent; 
Italy, 10 per cent. 



240 
4,623 



1,080 



2,204 



3,435 



229 



26, 139 



23, 105 



Germanv, 100 per cent. 

Germany, 90 per cent; 

Italy, 10 per cent. 



Germany, 79 per cent; 

Italy, 21 per cent. 
Germany, 76 per cent; 

Italy, 24 per cent. 



Germany, 85 per cent; 
England, 4 per cent; 
Italy, 11 per cent. 



225 



2,456 



5,657 



1,165 
9,499 



7,675 



Germany, 100 per cent. 

Do. 
Do. 



Do. 
Do. 



54 CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 

Table 14. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1921 — Continued. 



Schultz 
No. 



Name of dye. 



854 



855 



Manufac- 
turer. 



856 



powder 
powder 
powder 
powder 



858 



Alizarin viridine DG, FF— Contd. 
Alizarin viridine FF paste 

11712. 
Alizarin viridine FF powder 

11300(P1). 
Alizarin viridine FF powder — 

Alizarin pure blue 

Alizarin sky blue : 

Alizarin sky blue 

Alizarin sky blue powder 

Alizarin sky blue B cone 

AUzarin sky blue B powder — 
Alizarin sky blue B powder 

1038. 
Alizarin skv blue 
11.351. 
Alizarin skv blue 

11351 (PI). 
Alizarin sky blue 

11351 (V)." ' 
Alizarin sky blue 

113551. 
Alizarin sky blue B cone. 70/100 
powder {H351a). 

Alizarin sky Hue 1038 

Alizarin Astrol 

Alizarin Astrol B powder 

Alizarin Astrol B powder 

Alizarin Astrol B powder 11350. 
Alizarin Astrol B powder 40/100. 
Alizarin Astrol B powder 1225. . 
Alizarin Astrol B powder 11350 

(PI). 
Alizarin Astrol B powder cone. 

40/100 11350. 
Alizarin Astrol B powder cone. 
40/100 11.350B(V). 

Alizarin Astrol B extra 

Alizarin Rubinol 3G 

Alizarin Rubinol 3G powder.. . 
Alizarin Rubinol 3G powder 

J1372. 
AUzarin Rubinol 3G powder 

11372 (PI). 
Alizarin Rubinol 3G cone, pow- 
der 40/100 (11372A). 
Alizarin Rubinol GW powder. . 
Alizarin Rubinol GW powder. . 
Alizarin Rubinol GW powder 

1582. 
Alizarin Rubinol GW powder 

11371. 
Alizarin Rubinol GW powder 

11371 (PI). 
Alizarin Rubinol GW powder 
11371 (V). 

Alizarin Rubinol R 

AUzarin Rubinol R 

AUzarin Rubinol R powder 

AUzarin Rubinol R powder 1395. 
Ali/.arin Rubinol R powder 

11370 (PI). 
Alizarin Rubinol R powder 
cone. 40/100 11375 A. 

AUzarin saphirol B 

Alizarin saphirol 

Alizarin saphirol B 

AUzarin saphirol B cone. 60/100 

Alizarin saphirol B powder 

Alizarin saphirol B iiowder — 
Alizarin saphirol BL powder 

11357 (PI). . 
Alizarin saphirol C28365 powder 

li:«<i (PI). 
Alizarin saphirol SE cone. 75/100 
Alizarin saphirol SE powder.. 



By. 
By. 
By. 



K... 
By. 
By. 
By. 
By. 
By- 

By- 

By. 

By- 

By- 

By. 

By. 



B.. 
By. 
By. 
By. 
Bv. 
By. 

By. 

By- 

By- 
Bv. 
By. 
By. 



By. 



B.. 
Bv- 
By. 

By. 

By. 

By. 



K.. 

By. 
By. 
By. 
By. 

By. 



Q.. 
By. 
By. 

B.. 

By. 
By. 

By. 

By. 
B.. 



Imports. 



Quantity. 



Pounds. 



Ilivoice 
value. 



12, 547 



Countries of origin 
(percentage of quan- 
tity). 



I 



$35,298 I Germany, 100 per cent. 



22, 562 



46,069 ' Germany, 95.9 per 

.... : cent; Holland, 2 per 

. 1 cent; England, 1 per 

i cent; Italy, .7 per 

! cent; Belgium, .4 per 

' cent. 



26, 828 



69,063 



> 



Germany, 76 per cent; 
Italy, 13 per cent; 
HoUand, 8 per cent; 
Switzerland, 3 per 
cent. 



CENSUS OF DYES AIs^D COAL-TAR CHExMlCALS, 1921. 55 

Table li.— Imports of dyes during the calendar year 19:11— Continued. 



Schult 


Name of dye. 


Manufac 
turer. 


Imports. 




No. 


Quantity 


Invoice 
value. 


(percentage of quan- 
tity). 


S5S 


Alizarin saphirol B— Continued. 
Allizarin saphirol SE powder 

847. 
.\Iizarin saphirol SE powder 
11341. 
1 Alizarin saphirol SE powder 
11341 (PI). 
Alizarin saphirol SE powder 
! 11341 (V). 

Alizarin saphirol WAS powder 

1780. 
Alizarin saphirol WAS powder 

11345 (PI). 
Helio Fast Blue BL. 


Bv.... 


Pounds. 


{ 






By 






i 




By 




{ 




By 










By 






i 




By 






' 




By. 










Heho Fast Blue BL cone. . . 
Helio Fast Blue BL 50/100 cone 
10867B. 
Cyaiianthrol R.. 


By..::: 










Bv 









859 




1,414 


$6, 164 






Cyananthrol RBX powder 
Cyauanthrol RX powder 
Cyananthrol RXO.. 


B 


t Germany, 100 percent. 




B 










B.. 










Cyananthrol RXO powder.... 
Cyananthrol G 


B 






I 


S60 




12,713 


139, 946 






Cyananthrol 


B... 


Germany, 91 per cent; 
Belgium, 9 per cent. 




Cyananthrol BGA... 


B. 








Cyananthrol BGA powder 
Cyananthrol BGAO . . 


B 










B... 










Cyananthrol BGAOO . . . 


B... 










Cyananthrol BGAOO 90/100 
Cyananthrol BGAOO powder 
Cyananthrol BGAOO powder. . 
Anthraquinone Blue SR 


B.... 










B 










M 












853 




Germany, 100 percent. 




Anthraquinone Blue SR extra 
powder. 
Alizarin blue black . . 


B 




S62 




42,611 


29, 763 


1 




Alizarin blue black SB.. 


By... 


Germany, 98 per cent; 
Italy, 1 per cent; 
Holland ,1 per cent. 




Alizarin blue black 3B powder.. 
Alizarin blue black 3B powder 

11366(P1). ^ 
Alizarin blue black B.. 


By.. : 








By 








M 










Alizarin blue black B 


C... 










Alizarin blue black B cone... 
Alizarin blue black B cone. 

11365(P1). 
Alizarin blue black B cone. 

80/100. 
Alizarin blue black B paste. . 
Alizarin blue black B powder... 
Alizarin blue black B powder 
Alizarin blue black B powder 725 
Ahzarin blue black B powder* 

10364. 
Alizarin blue black B powder 

11364. 
Alizarin blue black B powder 

11364(P1). 
Alizarin blue black B powder 

11.3644. 
Alizarin blue black B powder 

cone 70/100) 1365a. 
Ahzarin blue black BT powder 
Ahzarin blue black B powder 

cone. 80/100 11365B. 
Anthraquinone blue green 


By 








1 


By 










By 










M 










B 








1 


By 










By 










By 










By 










By 










By 










By 










B 










By 








863 




3,040 


1,274 { 


Germany, 96 per cent; 
France, 4 per cent. 




Anthraquinone blue green 

Anthraquinone blue green BX' 

powder D. 
Anthraquinone blue green BXO 
Anthraquinone blue green BXO 
Anthraquinone blue green BXO 

powder. 
Anthraquinone bluish green BX' 

powder. 
Anthraquinone green GXNO pow- 


B 




B 




i' 




Q 1. 




] 






B 








j 


3 










B 








864 




1,161 




Germany, 100 per cent. 




Anthraquinone green GXNO. ] 
-A^nthraciuinone green GXNo" 


B 






[ 


i 



















56 CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 

Table 14. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1921 — Continued. 



Schultz 
No. 



865 



Name of dye. 



867 



869 



870 



Alizarin direct green G 

Alizarin cyanine green E. cone. 

80/100. 
Alizarin cyanine green E powder 

11294. 
Alizarin cyanine green E cone. 

powder 80/100 11294A. 

Alizarin cyanine green G 

Alizarin cyanine green G extra.. 
Alizarin cyanine green G pow- 
der 749. 
Alizarin cyanine green G extra 

powder. 
AUzarin cyanine green G extra 

powder. 
Alizarin cyanine green G extra 

powder 749. 
Alizarin cyanine green G extra 

powder 11292. 
Alizarin cyanine green G extra 

powder 11292(Pl). 
Alizarin cyanine green G extra 

powder 11292(V). 
Alizarin cyanine green G extra 

24498 powder 11302(P1). 
Alizarin cyanine green G extra 

powder cone. 11291B(V). 
Aliz'arin cyanine green G extra 

powder cone. 70/100 11291A. 
Alizarin cyanine green G extra 

powder cone. 80/100 11291. 
Alizarin cj'anine green G extra 

powder cone. 80/100 11291B. 
Abzarin cyanine green G extra 

powder cone. 80/100 11291B 

(V). 
Ahzarin cyanine green CG extra. 

Alizarin direct green 5G 

Indanthrene brown (single strength) 
Indanthrene brown B donble 

paste. 
Indanthrene brown B double 

paste Basf. 

Cibanone brown V paste 

Cibanone brown V powder pat.. 

Algol brown B (single strength) 

Algol brown R paste 

Algol brown paste 11744(Pl) 

Algol brown R paste 10/100- 

11744(111). 
Algol brown R powder 11599 

(III). 

Algol Corinth R (single strength) 

Algol corinth R paste 10 per 

cent 11750 (III). 

Algol corinth R powder 

Algol corinth R powder 1765 

Algol corinth R powder 11571. . . 
Algol corinth R powder 11571 

(HI). 
HeUndone brown AN (single 
strength). 
HeUndone brown AN paste .... 

Indanthrene pink B paste 

Indanthrene pink B paste sand 

free. 
Indanthrene pink B paste fine. . 
Indanthrene pink B double 

paste. 
Indanthrene pink BS powder... 
Indanthrene red violet RRN 

paste. 
Indanthrene red violet RRN 

paste sand free. 
Indanthrene red violet RRN 

powder. 



Manufac- 
turer. 



By. 
By. 
By. 

Q.. 

By. 

Bv. 



By. 
B.. 
By. 
By. 
By. 
By. 
By- 
By. 
By. 
By. 
By. 
By. 



By. 
By. 
By. 

By. 



By. 

By. 

By. 
By. 



Imports. 



Quantity. 



Pounds. 
36,534 



11,558 



110 



4,645 



2,037 



27, 423 



Invoice 
value. 



$80, 149 



9,015 



1,364 



41,738 



Countries of ^origin 
(percentage^of quan- 
tity). 



Germany, 94 per cent; 
Italy, 3 per cent: 
Belgium, 3|per cent. . 



Germany, 77 per cent; 
Italy, 23 per cent. 



Switzerland, 100 per 

cent. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 



Do. 



I 



Germany, 98 per cent; 
Italy, 2 per cent. 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 57 

Table lA.— Imports of dyes during the calendar year J9f^— Continued, 



Schultz 
No. 



905 



Name of dye. 



Helindone brown AN (single 
strength)— Continued. 
Indanthrene red violet 2RN 

paste. 
Indanthrene red violet 2RN 

paste sand free. 
Indanthrene red violet RRNP 

paste. 
Indanthrene red -vaolet RRNP 
powder. 

Indigo, synthetic 

Ciba blue 2B '.'.'.'.'.'.'. 

Ciba blue 2B powder .'.'.' 

Ciba blue 2B powder pat. . . 

Ciba blue 2B pat 

Ciba blue BB powder. . 
Ciba blue 2BD paste... . 

Ciba blue 2BD paste 16/100 

Ciba blue 2BD paste pat . . . 
Ciba blue 2BD paste 16/100 pat . 
Durindone blue 4B 20/100 paste 

Durindone blue 4B 

Indigo KB 20/100 paste 

Ciba blue G 

Ciba blue G powder 

Durindone blue 5B 

Indigo KG (single strength) 

Indigo 6B powder 

Indigo MLB 6B powder 

Durindone blue 6B 

Brilhant indigo B D paste '. 

Brilliant indigo BD paste . . ' 

Brilliant indigo B paste 

Brilliant indigo B paste base . 
Brilhant indigo BB paste 20/100. 

Ciba green 

Ciba green G paste io/ioo .... 

Helindone green G 

Helindone green G paste" ! '. 
Helindone green G powder. 

Alizarin indigo G 

Alizarin indigo G paste i628!!]! 
Alizarin indigo G paste 20/100 . . 

Alizarin indigo B 

Alizarin indigo B pastfe !!!!!]! 

Alizarin indigo 3R '.'.\ 

Alizarin indigo 3R paste .... 
Alizarin indigo 3R paste I6/166 
11550 OA. 

Ciba heliotrope B 

Ciba heliotrope B powder paste 

Ciba gray 

Ciba gray B powder pat ........ 

Ciba gray G powder pat 

Ciba violet B 

Ciba violet B paste ..".'" 

Ciba violet B paste 10/100 ' 

Ciba violet B paste 10/100 pat.. 

Ciba violet B paste pat 

Ciba violet B powder pat . . 

Ciba violet R paste 

Ciba violet R paste 10/100 pat 

Ciba violet R paste pat 

Ciba violet R powder pat.. '.' 
Helindone brown 2R (single 
strength). 

HeUndone brown 2R paste 

Helindone brown 2R paste 10/100 
Helindone brown 2R powder 
Helindone brown G (single strength) 

Helindone bro\\Ti G paste 

Helindone brown powder. . . 

Helindone brown OR paste 

Helindone brown CH paste 

Thio indiso scarlet R 

Thio indigo scarlet R powder.. 
Durindone scarlet R 



Imports. 



Manufac- 
turer 



Q... 
I.... 
I.... 
I.... 
I.... 
BD. 
BD. 
K... 



I..., 
BD. 



M... 
M... 
BD. 



By. 
By. 



By. 
By. 



K.. 
BD. 



Quantity. 



Pounds. 



Invoice 
value. 



70,975 
99, 937 



340 



3,811 



12, 656 



441 



2,159 
'i,'776 



1,799 



$84,901 
126,817 



905 



2,161 
"7,'876' 



12,097 



110 



440 



2,139 



21,987 36,643 



5,206 



4,857 



554 



9,813 



4,853 



1,206 



Countries of origin 
(percentage of quan- 
tity). 



Switzerland, 97.5 per 
cent; England, 2 per 
cent; Germany, 0.5 
per cent. 



Switzerland, 98 per 

cent; England, 2 per 

cent. 
Germany, 61 per cent; 

England, 14 per cent; 

Italy, 25 per cent. 

Germany, 93 per cent; 
Italy, 7 per cent. 



Switzerland, 100 per 

cent. 
Germany, 100 percent. 

England, 72 per cent; 
Germany, 28 per cent. 

Germany, 100 percent. 

Do. 



Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 
Do. 



Do. 



Germany, 100 percent. 



Do. 



England, 92 per cent; 
Germany, S per cent. 



58 CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921, 

Table 14. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1921 — -Continued. 





Name of dye. 


Manufac- 
turer. 


Imports. 


Countries of origin 


No. 


Quantity. 


Invoice 
value. 


(percentage of quan- 
tity). 


906 






Pounds. 
6,122 


«6,888 


Switzerland, 73 per 




Thio indifto scarlet 2G paste 

Thio indigo scarlet 2G paste 
20/100. 


K. 


cent; Germany, 27 




K. 






per cent. 




I 










I 










Ciba red G paste pat. 10/100 


I 








907 




10,283 


24, 850 


Switzerland. 100 per 




Ciba scarlet G extra paste 

Ciba scarlet G extra paste 20/100. 

Ciba scarlet G extra paste pat . . 

Ciba scarlet G extra powder pat. 

Ciba red R paste 20 per cent 


I 






I 











I 








I 








908 
910 


I 


iio 

31,813 




Do. 


56,249 


Germanv.SO per cent: 


Thio indigo pink AN paste 

Thio indieo rose AN paste 

Thio indigo rose BN paste 

Helindone pink AN paste 

Helin^ionepink AN paste 10/100. 

Helin(ion(> pink BN paste 

Helindone pink BN paste 10/100 
Thio indigo red B paste (single 
strength). 

Thio indigo red B paste 

Thio indigo red B paste 20/100. . . . 

Thio indigo red B powder 

Thio indi,'o red B powder 100 
per cent. 


K. 


England, 12 per cent; 
Holland, per cent; 
Italy, 2 per cent. 




K. 








K. . 








M. 








M. . . . 










M 










M... 








912 




5,965 


5,897 


Germany, 66 per cent; 


K 


England, 34 per cent. 




K. 










K. .. 










K. . 










BD. . 








913 






919 


17,759 


Germanv, 100 per cent. 




Thio indigo orange R paste 

Helindone orange R paste 10/100 

Helindone orange R powder 

Helindone orange D powder 


K 






M. 










M 








914 
917 


M 


33 

549 




Do. 




Do. 




M. . 








Helindone red B paste 20/100. . . 


M 








91 S 




17, 566 




Do. 






iVi 








Helindone red 3B paste 20/100. . 


M 








919 




4,625 


22,772 


Swit'-erlaiid, 100 per 






I 


cent. 






I 










Ciba Bordeanx B powder 


I 








920 




2,425 


9,324 


Germany, 100 per cent. 




Helindone violet B paste 

Helindone violet B powder 

Helindone violet BB paste 

Helindone violet 2B paste 20/100. 
Helindone violet 2B powder 


M 






M 










M 










M 


i 






M I: 




921 


.:.::::;:: 


882 




Do. 


Helindone gray BB paste 

Ursol 


M. 






923 




3,675 


6,775 


Do. 




Ursol D 


A 






Ursol DB 


A 








Ursol DF 


A 










Ursol P 


A 












A .. .! 








Ursol SLA 


A .. . 












A 










Ursol 4R 


A 












A 












A 






- 






A 












A 












A 












A 
















— — 



UNIDENTIFIED VAT COLORS. 



Algol blue C 

Algol blue C paste 11739(IV; 

10/100. 
Algol bine C powder 11739a 



By. 
By. 



3,045 



$1,385 



(iermany, 100 per cent. 



CENSUS OF DYES AXD COAL- TAB CHEMICALS, 1921. 59 

Table U.~Imports of dyes during the calendar year i9fi— Continued. 
UNIDENTIFIED VAT COLORS-Continued. 



Schultz 


1 • 
j 


Manufac- 
turer. 


Imports. 


Countries of origin 
(percentage of quan- 
tity). 


i 


Quantity. 


Invoice 
value. 


Algol brown G powder 11600 


By 

K 

BD 

BD 


Pounds. 
3.5 
498 
10 

10 

1,870 




Germany, 100 per cent. 

Do. 
England, 100 per cent. 

Do 




.iigoi yeiiow H paste 




Chloranthrene Bordeaux 12i per 






Chloranthrene red 5GY paste 
CibaRosa 






»4,937 






CibaRosa BG paste 


I 


Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 




I Ciba Rosa BG powder. . . 


I 








Ciba Rosa BG powder patent. 
Duranthrene blue RDX 


I 










BD 

BD 


10 

10 

10 

2,274 




England, 100 per cent. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 




Duranthrene brown B 






Duranthrene dark blue BO 


BD 






Duranthren e red violet 






Duranthrene red violet 2RN 
Durindone red Y 


BD 






BD 

M 

M 


io 

4,409 
152 




Do. 
Germany, 100 percent. 
England, 100 per cent. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 




Helindone black 3B 







Helindonered BB 






Indanthrene blue. 


: 'Aoo' 




Indanthrene blue RZ paste.. 

Indanthrene blue G2Z powder.. 

Indanthrene blue GGSNP 
quintriple powder. 
Indanthrene brown 3R paste, fine.. 
Indanthrene golden orange 


B 






B 








B 








B 


463 
1,223 




Do 






Do. 




Indanthrene golden orange RN 

extra paste. 
Indanthrene golden orange 3R 
paste. 
Indanthrene pink 


B 






B 













104 




Italy, 53 per cent; Bel- 
gium, 47 per cent. 

England, 62 per cent; 
Belgium, 33 percent; 
Germany, 5 per cent. 




Indanthrene pink BS powder 
Indanthrene vio'et 


Q 








3,817 






Indanthrene violet BN extra 

paste. i 
Indanthrene violet BN extra 
paste. 
Indanthrene yellow GN extra paste 
Indigo 


B 






Q 1 








B 


1,138 
2,590 




Germany, 100 percent. 




Indigo LL2R j 


'bdV.'".".' 




England, 100 per cent. 




Indigo LL powder.. | 


BD "'I 








Thio mdigo vio et 2R paste 

Vat pink 


K 


687 
200 




Germany, 100 percent. 
Do. 








^Vat pink AN paste 


B 




' 





1 1 







UNIDENTIFIED ACID DYES. 



Acetyl red 

Acetyl red BBX. ..!!.'! I'b 

Acetyl red GX B 

Acid blue 



2,565 



Acid blue A I K 

Acid blue RBF ].!!"!"" I 

Acid brown D speine ' . | C 

Acid Magenta N [[ 

Acid milling black. 

Acid milling black B.. ...." 

Acid milling black B 652... 
Acid milling red 

Acid milling red R cone. 666. 

Acid milling red G cone. 631 . 
Acid pure blue R supra 614. 

Acid ponceau E 640 

Acid red ..'.'..... 

Acid red B .'_[ 

Acid red 2B 

Acid red 4B 

Acid red S D G 20/ibb . ......" 

Acid rhodamine 

Acid rhodamine BG ......... 

Acid rhodamine R [[ 

Acid rhodamine 3R ' 

Acid rhodamine 3R cone 



425 

50 

10, 165 



2,975 



110 

529 

3,681 



$5, 143 



4, 166 



Germany, 100 per cent. 

Switzerland, 90 per 

cent. 
Germany, 10 per cent. 

Germany, 100 per cent . 

Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 

Do. 



Do. 
Do. 

Germany, 100 per cent. 



Switzerland, 52 per 
cent; Germany, 48 
per cent. 



60 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 



Table li.— Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1921 — Continued. 
UNIDENTIFIED ACID DYES— Continued. 



Schultz 
No. 



Name of dye. 



Acid violet 

Acid violet 6B 

Acid violet 6B SX extra 

Acid violet 7B 

Alizarin blue soluble (powder) 

Alizarin brilliant green KG 

Alizarin cyanole 

Alizarin cyanole EF 

Alizarin cyanole SR 

Alizarin direct violet 

Alizarin direct violet E2B 

Alizarin direct violet RC 

Alizarin delphinol 

Alizarin delphinol BS 

Alizarin emeraldole 

Alizarin emeraldole G 

Alizarin emeraldole G powder . . 

Alizarin emeraldole G powder 
1340. 

Alizarin emeraldole G powder 
(VI) 11349. 

Alizarin rubinol GW powder 

Alizarin saphirole 

Alizarin saphirole SAP 

Alizarin saphirole BL powder... 

AlizariQ saphirole WSA 

Alizarin sky blue 

Alizarin uranole R powder 

Alkali fast green 

Alkali fast green 3G cone. 
33/100. 

Alkali fast green 3G cone. 
33/100 10553 A. 

Alphanol blue 5RN 

Alphanol brown R, 135 per cent 

Amido azo black EG 

Amido red B L 

Anthra cyanine 3FL, cone. 40/100. . . 
Anthosirie 

Anthosine B 

Anthosine 3B 

Anthosine 5B 

Azo acid black 3BL extra 

Azo carmine I 

Azo cyanine 

Azo cyanine GR 

Azo cyanine GR extra 

Azo cyanine 5R 

Azo cyanole wool blue GR 

Azo milling yellow 5G 

Azo rhodine. 

Azo rhodine 2B ,. 

Azo rhodine 6B '. 

Azo rhodine 2G 

Brilliant black blue R 

BlueFS 

Brilliant carmine L cone 

Brilliant lanafuchsine BB 

Brilliant milling blue B, 100 per cent. 
Brilhant milling red 

Brilliant milling red 

lirilliant milling red G 

Brilliant pure yellow 6G extra 1648. 
Brilliant scarlet VB concentrated... 

('erise acid 

Chloramine brilliant red 8B 



Citromine 

Citromine O 

Citromine GOO 

Cloth fast blue 

Cloth fast blue B extra. 

Cloth fast blue BB 

Cloth fast blue GTB.... 

Cloth fast 1)1 lie it 

Cloth fast blue H extra. 



Manufac- 
turer. 



BD. 



By. 

By. 

By. 
By. 



S... 
By. 
By. 
K.. 

By. 



By. 

By. 

C. 
C... 
M.. 
M.. 

By. 



K 

K 

K 

K 

Gr. E. 



C. 
C. 
By. 
Q.- 



Imports. 



Quantity. 



Pounds. 
275 



1,120 
84 



1,472 
"'99i' 



1,764 
6,540 



249 
622 
328 



100 
273 
100 
100 
132 
928 



Invoice 
value. 



1,001 

57 

573 



125 

100 

1,532 



100 
201 
100 
117 
110 
278 



49 

2,205 

22 

110 

320 



16, 490 



20, 859 



3,732 



954 



2,396 



390 
'i7,'476' 



Countries of origin 
(percentage of quan- 
tity). 



Germany, 92 per cent; 
France, 8 per cent. 



England, 100 per cent. 

Do. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 



Do. 

England, 100 per cent. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 



i 



Do. 

Switzerland, 90 per 
cent; Germany, 5 
per cent; Belgium, 5 
per cent. 

Germany, 100 per cent. 
Do. 

Germany, 70 per cent; 
Holland, 30 per cent. 



Germanv, 100 per cent. 
Do." 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 



Do. 
Do. 
Do. 



Do. 
Do. 

Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 



Germany, 100 per cent. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 
England, 100 per cent. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 



Do. 

France, 100 per cent. 

Do. 
Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 

Do. 



Do. 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. Ql 

Table U,— imports of dyes during the calendar year -?9i^— Continued. 
UNIDENTIFIED ACID DYES-Continued. 



Schultz 
No. 



Name of dye. 



Cloth fast green G , 



Cloth fast orange G cone. 
Cloth fast red GR cone. 
Coomassie fast black B . . . 

Coomassie violet E 

Dark eosine 6R , 60 cr vsial's' ' 
Durasol acid blue B . '. . . 
Erio Chicago red 111. . 



Erio dark blue R cone. 673. .. . G 

Erio fast blue (paste) G. 



Erio fast cyanine S cone .672! 



Erio fast purple paste . . 
Erio flavine 2G cone. 57 



Erio flo.xine 6B cone. 576 . . 

Erio green BB supra 661 

Erio rubine 2B cone. 646. . 
Erio violet 

Erio violet BC 505 

Erio violet BC 505 95/100 

Erio violet RL supra 625. 

Eno violet RL 670... 
ErythrineBG.... 
Formic black TG cone. 392. '.'. 



Gloria black N cone. 60/100 
Hydiaziiie yellow lEG ' 
Ink blue BITBNoo... 
-Kitou fast orange G 



ICiton fast red R 

Kjton fast yellow ...... 

Kiton fast yellow 3G". 

ICiton fast yellow 

ICiton red. . . . .' 

Iviton red cone ...... 

Kiton red G 

ICiton red G cone. 

Ivitou red 6B 

Katon red S 

Kiton yellow 3G 

Milling veDow GA 
Naphthalene black AB . " ' 
Naphthalene blue B . 
Naphthalene green N V . 
Navy blue A . . . 



Nerol 2B 

Nerol black 2B ....'.'." .' 

Palatine Ught yellow RX 
Polar red G couc. 596 



Manufac- 
turer. 



I... 
I... 
BD. 
BD. 
M... 
BD. 
G... 



By.. 
GrE. 
GrE. 
I.... 



Ponceau 4R 

Pure blue cone 

QuiuoUne yeUow KT extra Voiic.' mi 

Koccemie scarlet 

Seto flavine T 393 



Silk scarlet 

Special blue G .' . .' ' 

Sulphon yellow ....'.'.".'.'." 

Sulphon yellow R. cone. 10469 ' 
Sulphon j-eliow R. eonc. 30/100 

10469A. ' 

Sulphon yellow R. cone. 35/100 
10469C. ' 

Supramineb;ack BR 1598. 
Tolane fast red. 



M.. 

Q-. 

G.. 



By. 
By. 

By. 

By. 



To;anefast red 2BL. \"k 

Tolane fast red 6BL '. k 



Imports. 



Quantity. 



Pounds. 



110 

110 

1,000 

1,120 

807 

13, 454 

992 

1,102 
970 



501 
1,389 

705 
5,810 
11,838 
8,631 



403 
110 

240 

100 

3,535 

661 

110 

8,843 



11,518 



1,102 

50 

24 

200 

220 

1,323 

500 
112 
411 

2,094 

50 

25 

1,102 

22 

110 

50 

130 

1,294 



49 

882 



Invoice 
value. 



Countries ■• of origin 
(percentage of quan- 
tity). 



$12,952 



Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 

Do. 

Do. 
England, 100 per cent. 

Do. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 
England, 100 per cent. 
Switzerland, 100^ per 
cent. 

Do. 
Canada, 100 per cent. 
Switzerland, 100 per 

cent. 
Canada, 100 per cent. 
Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 



16, 258 



-I Germany, 100 per cent. 
.! Switzerland, 100 per 
I cent. 

.! Germany, 100 per cent. 
-I Do. 

Do. 
• i Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. n 

.] Germany, 100 per cent. 
.j Switzerland, 100 per 
. I cent. 

Do. 



Do. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 
France, 100 per cent. 
Germany, loO per cent. 
France, 100 per cent. 
Switzerland, 100 per 

cent. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 
Do. 
Do. 
Switzerland, 100 per 

cent. 
England, 100 per cent. 
Germanj-, 100 per cent. 

Do. 
France, 100 per cent. 
Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 
Do. 
Germanv, 100 per cejit 
Do." 



Do. 
Do. 



Do. 



62 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 



Table 14. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1921 — Continued. 
UNIDENTIFIED ACID DYES— Continued. 



Schultz 
No. 


Name of dye. 


Manufac- 
turer. 


Imports. 


Countries of origin 


Quantity. 


Invoice 
value. 


(percentage of quan- 
tity). 




Victoria scarlet 




Pounds. 
2,335 




Germany, 100 per cent. 




Victoria scarlet K2Z 


M 






Victoria scarlet K3G 


M 










Victoria yellow '. 


Q 

Q 

G 

B 

B 

S 


9 

275 
30,876 

50 
101 
110 








Violet for wool 8B double cone 

Wool blue RL 647 










Switzerland, 100 per 

cent. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 
Do. 




Wool fast marine blue BB. 






Wool fast yellow G 






Xylene blue 




Switzerland, 100 per 








cent. 



UNCLASSIFIED MORDANT AND CHROME DYES. 



Acid alizarin black 

Acid alizarin black ENT cone. 

Acid alizarin black ET 

Acid alizarin black R 

Acid alizarin black SET powder 

Acid alizarin black SN 

Acid alizarin brown 

Acid alizarin brown B 

Acid alizarin brown RR 

Acid alizarin gray 

Acid alizarin gray G 

Acid alizarin gray S 

Acid alizarin green 2B 

Alizarin black 

Alizarin black B 

Alizarin black SF 

Alizarin black SP paste 

Alizarin blue 

Alizarin blue 

Alizarin blue F 

Alizarin blue RR 

Alizarin blue SB W 

Alizarin blue SCB paste 20/100. . 

Alizarin blue SW powder 11390 
(PV). 

Alizarin lilue WC paste 

Alizarin blue WNN paste 

Alizarin blue black 

Alizarin blue black BB double 
paste. 

Alizarin blue black BT powder. 
Alizarin cyan in e green 

Alizarin cyanine green EFP 
powder. 

Alizarin cyanine green 3G 
powder. 

Alizarin cyanine green 30 

powder 11297( PI). 

Alizarin dark blue WW paste 

Alizarin fast black SP powder (11368) 

Alizarin geranole B powder 

Alizarin green 

* Alizarin green 15 paste 

Alizarin green BOX 10/100 

Alizarin green AGS 15/100 

Alizarin indole R powder 1130 

Alizarin red 

Alizarin red 2AG 

Alizarin red CR 20/100 

Alizarin red 5F 20/100 

Alizarin red PS powder 11378 
(PI). 

Alizarin red SS powder 

Alizarin red WR paste 

Anthracene acid black 3R 

Anthracene acid blue 

Anthracene acid blue ER 

Anthracene acid blue KBB 



By. 



By. 
By. 
By. 
B.. 
By. 



M.. 
Q.. 
Q-- 
By. 



M.. 
M.. 
M.. 
By. 

B.. 
B.. 
C. 



6,670 



2,054 



2,818 



379 
4,136 



5,802 



1,066 



4,861 



4,418 

432 

1,482 

1,045 



99 
6,177 



1,065 
543 



S4,443 



3,293 



579 



284 



Germany, 85 per cent; 
Switzerland, 15 per 
cent. 



German y, 100 per cent 
Do. 



Do. 
Do. 



Germany, 55 per cent; 
England, 38 percent; 
Holland, 7 per cent. 



Germany, 100 per cent. 



Do. 



Do. 
Do. 

England, 86 per cent; 
Germany, 14 per 
cent. 

Germany, 100 per cent. 
Do. 






Do. 
Do. 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 

Table 14.— Imports of dyes during the calendar year 19 ^l—Continued. 
UNCLASSIFIED MORDANT AND CHROME DYES-Continued. 



63 



Schultz 
No. 



Name of dj^e. 



Manufac- 
turer. 



Anthracene blue R double paste. . . B 

Anthracene blue black UG C 

Anthracene brown WLP paste BD . 

Anthracene chromate brown 

Anthracene chromate brown 
EB. 

Anthracene chromate brown 
EB 100 per cent. 

Anthracene chromate brown 
EB extra. 

Anthracene chromate brown C 
EB extra 90 per cent. 
Anthracene chrome black 

Anthracene chrome black KLT . C... . 

Anthracene chrome black KV . . C 

Anthracene chrome black PBB . c! .' 

Anthracene chrome black 5611Z. C... 

Anthracene chrome blue H C... 

Anthracene chrome brown 8 WN . C 

Anthracene dark blue b' 

Brilliant milling blue B " c 

Chromal blue GC (for printing) 939! ! g' 



Chromacetin blue S pdr. 

Chrome black AGZZ 

Chrome blue S 



Chrome Bordeaux B powder 

Chrome fast blue 2R " 

Clirome fast brilliant Cyanine' R... 
Chrome fast brown 

Chrome fast brown 

Clirome fast brown TV .' 

Cluomefast green GL 

Clirome fast violet B '.'. 

Cliromazurine G powder 

Cliromochlorine G powder 

Chromorlioduhne ..'. 

CliromorhoduUne B powder.'." 

Chromorlioduhne 6G extra 

powder 

Cliromosaframine B powder . . ] 

Coeruleine H powder ..'. 

Erio chrome black 



DH. 
K... 
G... 



DH. 
I.... 
I.... 



I.... 
I.... 
1.... 
I.... 
DH. 
DH. 



DH. 

DH. 
DH. 
B... 
G... 



Erio clii-omc blue S 955 

Erio chrome brown ROS 933. . !. ' 
Erio chrome flavine A cone. 1015.. ' 
Erio chrome green HK 1031... 

Erio chrome red FEl 1035 ] ' 

Erio chrome violet 

Erio chrome violet B 918 . . ... 

Erio chrome violet 3B 941 .. . 

Fast chrome green B powder 

Lanasol brown 2R pat 

Lanasol green G ..'.'..'." 

Lanasol green G !!!.!!.'.! 

Lanasol green G cone ....... 

Lanasol orange 

Lanasol orange 2G ... ......'.. " 

Lanasol orange 2R 

Lanasol red 

Lanasol red G 

Lanasol red G. cone. 

Lanasol violet 

Lanasol violet B paste. ..... 

Lanasol violet R paste. . 
Lanasol yellow " ' 

Lanasol yellow G paste. ........ 

Lanasol yellow (J cone. ^ 

Metachrome blue lilack .'.'.'.' 

Metachrome blue black 2BX " ' ' A 

Metaclirome blue black R . . I A 



G... 
G... 
DH. 
I.... 



Imports. 



Quantity. 



Pounds. 

25 

377 

6,720 

8,603 



2,041 



670 
1,120 



571 
220 

110 

741 

2,756 

100 

220 

1 

1,543 



220 
441 
55 
220 
310 



100 

242 

7,055 

110 

1,213 

110 

551 

485 
4,828 



110 
220 

885 



353 



1,322 



725 



Invoice 
value. 



Countries of origin 
(percentage of quan- 
tity). 



Germany, 100 per cent. 

Do. 
England, 100 per cent. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 



$1S0 Do. 



284 



1,511 



536 



Do. 
Do. 
Do. 

Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 

Do. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 
Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 



Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 



Do. 

Do. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 
Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 



Do. 
Do. 
Do. 



Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 

Germany, 100 per cent. 



64 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 



Table 14. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1921 — Continued. 
UNCLASSIFIED MORDANT AND CHROME DYES— Cont iuued. 



Schultz 
No. 



Name of dve. 



Monochrome brown 

Monoclirome brown E 

Monochrome brown E286 per 

cent 

Mordant fast y ellow E powder 

Mordant yellow cone 

Mounsey olive brown 

Mounsey olive brown 

Mounsey olive brown G powder 
Omega chrome brown PB cone 



Salicine blue black AE . 
Salacine Bordeaux RF. 
Salicine brown RE 



Manufac- 
turer. 



Imports. 



Quantity. 



Pounds. 

1,8: 



50 
1,104 
1,060 



Invoice 
value. 



882 \. 

1,102 . 

50 . 
200 . 



Countries of origin 
(percentage of quan- 
. tity). 



Germiny, 100 per cent. 



Do. 
Do. 

England, 100 per cent. 



Switzerland, 100 per 

cent. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 

Do." 

Do. 



UNCLASSIFIED DIRECT DYES. 



Azo diamine orange 2R 

Benzo bronze E 

Benzo bronze E 

Benzo bronze E 1996 

Benzo chrome black blue B cone. 
50/100. 

Benzo chrome blue black 

Benzo chrome blue black B 

Benzo chrome blue black B cone. 

Benzo chrome brown 

Benzo chrome brown B 

Benzo chrome brown B 670 

Benzo chrome brown G 

Benzo chrome brown G 671 

Benzo chrome brown 5G 10211. . 
Benzo chrome brown 5 G (VI) 
10211. 

Benzo fast black 

Benzo fast black 

Benzo fast black L 

Benzo fast black L(1425) 

Benzo fast black L( 10268) 

Benzo fast black L cone. 78/100 . 

Benzo fast black S 

Benzo fast blue 

Benzo fast blue FFL 

Benzo fast blue FFL 10179 

Benzo fast blue FFL 

Benzo fast Bordeaux 6BL 

Benzo fast brown 

Benzo fast brown G L 10258 

Benzo fast brown RL 

Benzo fast brown RL 10257 

Benzo fast heliotrope 

Benzo fast heliotrope BL 

Benzo fast heliotrope BL cone. 
511/100, 10207A 

Benzo fast heliotrope 4BL 

Benzo fast heliotrope 4BL 1759 . 

Benzo fast heliotrope 2R L 

Benzo fast heliolrope 2R L 10208. 
Benzo fast heliotrope 2RL 
10208(VI). 

Benzo fast orange 

Benzo fast orange 2K L 

Benzo fast orange 2RL 10086 

Ben/.o fast orange S 70/100 

Benzo heliotrope 

BeUiO red 

Benzo red 12B 

Ben.ored 1215 10009(VI) 

Ben. o red 12B con?. 50/100 

Ben/.o rhoduline red 

Benzo rhoduline red 

Ben/.o rhoduline red 15 

Beno rhoduline red 15 con •. 

ao/100. 
Beu/,0 rhoduline red :5J5 



By. 

B.. 

By. 



By. 
P.. 



By. 

By. 
By. 
By. 
By. 



By. 
By. 

By. 

K.. 



By- 
By. 
B.. 
Q-- 



By. 
By. 
By. 



By. 
By. 

By. 
By. 

By. 
Bv. 
By- 



By. 
By. 
Bv. 
K.. 



By. 
By. 
By. 



K.. 
By. 

By. 

By. 



342 
331 



2,890 



2,769 



$3, 739 



3,918 



2,622 I 



6,705 



22. 
2,311 



2,189 



4,247 



5,923 



50 

578 



3,950 



Italy, 100 per cent. 
Do. 



Germany, 100 per cent. 

Germany, 86 per cent; 
France, 14 percent. 

Germany, 72 per cent: 
Ejiglaud, 28 per cent. 



Germany, 8S per cent 
Belgium, 12 per cent. 



Germany, 95 per cent; 
England, 5 per cent. 



Italy, 100 per cent. 
Gerinany, 100 per cent. 



1,976 



785 



Do. 



Do. 
Holland, 89 per cent; 
Germany, 11 percent. 

Germany, 94 per cent; 
Italy, 6 per cent. 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMIC.\JLS, 1921. 



65 



Table 14. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1921 — Continued. 
rNCL.SSSIFIED DIRECT DYES— Continued. 



Schultz 
No. 


Name of dye. 


Manufac- 
turer. 


Imports. 


Countries of origin 


Quantity. 


Invoice 
value. 


(percentage of quan- 
tity)- 




Bcnzoform scarlet B (10307) 


Bv 

By 


Pounds. 
522 
198 
1,428 




Germanv, 100 per cent. 




Biilliant benio green B 936 




Do. 




.$3,982 


Do. 


Brilliant benzo violet, B i 


13 V 




Brilliant benzo violet B .50/100.. 


Bv 1 i 






Brilliant henzo violfit B 13S9 . . 


Bv ! 








Brilliant benzo violet B 10205 

(PHI). 
Brilliant benzo violet 2R 1388 . . 
Brilliant benzo violet 2R cone. 


Bv 1 








Bv .. ' 






Bv 1 i 




t 


40/100. , 

Brilliant copper blue G W 

Brilliant fast blue 


A 


100 ! 

1,463 1 4,448 \ 


Do. 
Do. 


Brilliant fast blue 2(; cone. 

60/100. 
Brilliant fast blue B 


Bv ' 




i 
Bv ! 




Brilliant fast lilue 2('r cone. 


By 




60/100 101S2A. 
Brilliant fast blue 3X 1577 


Bv 






Brilliant skv blue 




3,968 


4,355 1 


Germany, 51 per cent. 
England, 49 per cent. 

Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 
Do. 


Brilliant skv blue 8G extra 

Brilliant sky blue 2RM 


Q 


By.. 






Chicago red 111 


gI 


551 
2,351 




Chloramine brilliant red 


10, 255 


Chlnr^Lmine brilliant red 


s 






Chloramine brilliant red 8B 


s 










Chloramine brilliant red , 8B 

cone. 
Chloramine brilliant red 8B 

cone. pure. 


s 










s 












3, 378 


6,209 


Germanv, 52 per cent; 
Italy, 30 per cent; 
Switzerland, 15 per 


■ 


Chloramine red B 


s 




Chloramine red 8BS 


By 








Chloramine red 8BS cone. 60/100. 
Chlorantine fast black 


Bv 






cent; England, 3 per 
cent. 
Switzerland, 100 per 




- 


1,102 






Chlorantinefast black B 

Chlorantine fast black B cone. . 
Chlorantine fast blue 


I 






I 


5,'5ii' 




is,' 534' 


Do. 




Chlorantinefast blue 2GL 

Clilorantinefast blue 2GL cone. 

Chlorantine fast blue RL cone . . 

Chlorantine fast Bordeaux 


] 






I 













2,534 


! 


Do. 




Chlorantinefast Bordeaux 2BL. 
Chlorantinefast Bordeaux 2BL 
cone. 
Chlorantine fast brown 


I 






I . 












4, 589 


9,398 


Do. 




Chlorantine fast brown 3GL 

Chlorantine fast brown RL 

Chlorantine fast brown RL 
cone. 
Chlorantine fast orange 


I 






I 













I 












2,348 




Do. 




Chlorantine fast orange TRL 

cone. 
Chlorantine fast orange TRL . . . 
Chlorantine fast red 


I 








I 












3,072 




Do. 




Chlorantinefast red 7BL 

Chlorantinefast red 7BL cone. 
Chlorantine fast red 7BL cone, 
pat. 
Chlorantinefast rubine 


I 








I 










I 












440 




Do. 




Chlorantine fast rubine RL 
1 cone. 

i Chlorantine fast rubine RL 
1 paste. 
1 Chlorantinefast violet 


I 








I 




1 








5,622 


10, 171 


Do. 




1 Chlorantine fast violet B L 

j Chlorantine fast violet BL cone 

Chlorantine fast violet 4BL 

Chlorantine fast violet 4BL 
cone. pat. 

Chlorantine fast violet 2RL 

Chlorantine fast violet 2RL pat 


I 






1 I ... 










i I 










1 i::::.::: 










I.. 










; I 









66 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 



Table 14. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1921 — Continued. 
UNCLASSIFIED DIRECT DYES— Continued. 



Name of dye. 



Chlorantine fast yellow 

Chlorantine fast yellow 4GL 

Chlorantine fast yellow 4GL 

cone. 
Chlorantine fast yellow RL 

Chlorantine light blue 2GL 

Chlorantine light yellow 4GL , 

Chlorantine orange TRL 

Chlorazol brown , 

Chlorazol brown G , 

Chlorazol brown GM 

Chlorazol brown RD , 

Chlorazol fast red K , 

Chlorazol violet R 

Chronanile blaclc 2F extra 

Columbia bordeaux B 

Columbia violet R 

Copper blue B extra 

Cotton brown W 

Cupr^nil brown R 



Diamine azo scarlet 

Diamine azo scarlet A 

Diamine azo scarlet BBL extra. 

Diamine brUliant orange SS 

Diamine catechine 

Diamine catechine B 

Diamine catechine 3G 

Diamine catechine GR cone 

Diamine catechine GXN 

Diamine fast blaclv X 

Diamine fast blue 

Diamine fast blue FFB 

Diamine fast blue FFB 

Diamine fast Bordeaux tiBA 

Diamine azo orange RR , 

Diamine fast orange 

Diamine fast orange EG 

Diamine fast orange ER 

Diamine fast rose 

Diamine fast rose BBF , 

Diamine fast rose G 

Diamine fast scarlet 8BN 

Diamine phospliine D 

Diamine purpurine 6B 

Diamine steel blue L 

Diamine yellow 

Diaminogene blue N A 



Dianil chrome brown R 

Dianilred lOB 

Dianil yellow 

Dianil violet 

Dianil violet BE -. 

DianU violet BE cone 

Dianol Dark blue B 

Dianol fast blue 2B 

Dianol fast orange D 

Dianol fast red K 

Dianol violet R 

Diazo bordeaux 

Diazo bordeaux 

Diazo bordeaux PI 10401 

Diazo bordeaux 7B 

Diazo bordeaux 7B C160 

Diazo Ijordeaux 7B C598 

Diazo bordeaux 7B 1312 

Diazo brilliant orange 

Diazo brilliant orange GR extra. 

Diazo brilliant orange GR extra 
1716. 

Diazo brilliant orange 5G extra. . 
Diazo brilliant scarlet 

Diazo brilliant scarlet extra BA. 

Diazo brilliant scarlet extra BA 



Manufac- 
turer. 



BD. 
BD. 
BD. 
BD. 
BD. 
A... 
A... 
A... 
M... 
C... 
I.... 



M... 
M... 
BD. 
BD. 
BD. 
BD. 
BD. 



By. 

By. 
By. 
By. 
By. 



M.. 
By. 

By. 



1^: 



Imports. 



Quantity. 



Pounds. 
3,637 



441 

441 

661 

3,540 



2,150 
300 
300 
112 
100 
776 
686 

1,102 

231 



710 
3,448 



331 

541 

1,014 



236 
50 

278 

11 

500 

1,374 

500 

611 

276 

1,029 



2,240 
1,000 
1,120 
500 
1,120 
1,126 



424 



Invoice 
value. 



V, 642 



4,258 



1,393 
"'"'2i 



Countries of origin 
(percentage of quan- 
tity). 



1,582 



525 



.5, 261 



Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 



Do. 
Do. 
Do. 

England, 100 per cent. 



Do. 

England, 100 per cent. 
Germany, 100 per ceat.> 

Do." 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 
Switzerland, 100 pe 

cent. 
Germany, 100 per cent.i 



Do. 
Do. 



Do. 



Do. 
Do. 
Do. 



Do. 



Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

France, 100 per cent. 
Germany, 69 per cent; 

Italy, 31 per cent. 
Germanv, 100 per cent . 

Do." 

Do. 

Do. 



England, 100 per cent. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 



England, 70 per bent; 
Germany, 30 T)er 
cent. 



Germany, 60 per cent; 
England, 34 per cent. 



CENSUS 0¥ DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICAI.S, 1921. 



67 



Table 14. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1921 — Continued. 
UNCLASSIFIED DIRECT DYES— Continued. 



Name of dye. 



Manufac- 
turer. 



Imports. 



Quantity. 



Invoice 
value. 



Countries of origin 
(percentage of quan- 
tity). 



Diazo brilliant scarlct^Continued. 

Diazo brilliant scarlet 4BL 
extra cone. 

Diazo brilliant scarlet 2BL 
extra cone. 1344. 

Diazo brilliant scarlet 3B extra 
1274. 

Diazo brilliant scarlet 6B extra 
C602. 

Diazo brilliant scarlet 6B extra 
1275. 

Diazo brilliant scarlet ROA 
extra. 

Diazo brilliant scarlet S4B 

Diazo brilliant scarlet G 

Diazo brown 

Diazo brown G 

Diazo brown 3G 1811 

Diazo brown 3RB 1881 

Diazo fast blue 

Diazo fast blue 2BW 

Diazo fast blue 2B W cone 

Diazo fast bordeaux 

Diazo fast bordeaux BL 

Diazo fast bordeaux BL 1731 . . . 

Diazo fast red oBL 1875 

Diazo fast violet BL 

Diazo fast yellow 

Diazo fast yellow G 1798 

Diazo fast yellow 2G 

Diazo indigo blue 4GL extra 1730 

Diazo navy blue BP2S 

Diazo rubine 

Diazo rubiue B 

Diazo rubine 1117 

Diazo scarlet 3B A extra 

Diazo sky black B 

Diazo sky blue 

Diazo sky blue B 

Diazo sky blue B 1528 

Diazo sky blue 3G 

Diazo sky blue 3G 1527 

Diazo sky blue 3G uowder 

Diazo yellow R 1799...". 

Diazo blue black T 

Diazophenvl black 

Diazophenyl black 3B 381 

Diazophenyl black V 360 

Diphenyl fast blue 

Diphcnylfast blue FB cone. 383. 

Diphenyl fast blue FB supra 
379. 
Diphenyl fast Bordeaux 

Diphenyl fast Bordeaux B cone. 

Diphenyl fast Bordeaux G cone. G 
366. 

Diphenyl fast grey BC 254 

Direct brown 

Direct brown SG 

Direct brown KR 

Direct brown TBS 818 

Direct catechine GR cone 



By. 

By- 

By- 

By. 

By. 

By. 

By. 
By. 



By. 
By. 



5y- 

By. 
By. 
By. 



By- 
By.. 
By.. 
GrE. 



gy- 

Q.. 
K.. 



K.. 

gy- 

By. 
By. 
By. 
By. 
K.. 



G. 



Direct cutch brown 

Direct cutch brown B I. 

Direct cutch brown B cone I. 



Direct cutch brown GR 

Direct cutch brown GR cone. . 

Direct deep black T , 

Direct fast black B , 



Direct fast orange SE.. 
Direct fast scarlet 4BS. 



I... 
I... 
By. 
I... 



Pounds. 



1,102 



718 



99 
198 
51 



22 
110 
506 



62 
2,924 
4,539 



33 
2,205 
1,415 



1,322 



695 



110 
5,632 



386 
,614 



99 
1,322 



441 
198 



$419 



6,002 



3,303 



9,601 



Germany, 100 per cent. 



Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 

Germany, 100 per cent. 

Germany, 100 per cent. 
England, 100 per cent. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 



Do. 
Do. 

England, 80 per cent; 

Germany, 20 per 

cent. 
Italy, 100 per cent. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 
Germany, 97 per cent; 

Italy, 3 per cent. 



Germany, 100 per cent. 

Do. 
Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 

Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 



Do. 



Do. 
Switzerland, 98 per 
per cent; England, 2 
per cent. 

Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 
Do. 



Germany, 100 per cent. 
Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 
Do. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 



68 



CEA^SUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 



Table 14. — Imports of dyes during the calendar year 1931 — Continued. 
UNCLASSIFIED DIRECT DYES— Continued. 



Name of dye. 



Manufac- 
turer. 



Direct gray 

Direct gray F 

Direct gray T 

Direct safranine 

Direct safranine RW 

Direct safranine RW cone 

Indigene blue RW cone 

Naphtliogene Ijlue 

Naplitliogene blue 2R 

Naphtliogene blue 4R 

Naphthamine direct blue 2R 

Naphthaniine fast black 

Naphthamine fast black SF 

Naphthamine fast black KSG 
extra. 

Naphthamine fast brown B L 

Naphtliogene blue 

Naphtliogene blue B 

Naphtliogene blue 2R 

Naphtliogene pure blue 4B 

Oxamine cluome violet SB 

Parasulfone brown G 

Pento black CF extra cone. 60/100. . 
Polyphenyl yellow RC 115 



Pyrozol orange G 

Rosanthrene 

Rosanthrene B cone, pat 

Rosanthrene R pat 

Rosanthrene Bordeaux 

Rosanthrene Bordeaux B 

Rosantlirene Bordeaux B pat.. 
Rosanthrene orange 

Rosanthrene orange R cone — 

Rosanthrene orange R cone, pat 

Rosantlirene Rosa 

Solamine blue FF 

Triazol blue B 000 

Trisulfone bronze B 



A.. 
A.. 
A.. 
By. 
S.. 
By. 
G.. 



Zambesi black V 

Zambesi Bordeaux 7B.. 
Zambesi scarlet 6B extra . 



Imports. 



Quantity. 



Pounds. 
996 



110 
304 



100 
1,382 



200 
7,109 



50 

994 

882 

1,199 

2, .535 

3,537 

881 



1,322 



551 



110 

1,500 

331 

441 

1,752 
200 
250 



Invoice 
value. 



Countries of origin 
(percentage of quan- 
tity). 



France, 100 per cent. 



Switzerland, 
cent. 



100 per 



Do. 
Italy, 72 per cent; Hol- 
land, 28 per cent. 

Germany, 100 per cent. 
Do." 



Do. 



Do. 
Do. 

Do. 
Do. 
Switzerland, 
cent. 
Do. 
Do. 



Do. 



i 



100 per 



Do. 



< 



Do. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 

Switzerland, 100 per 

cent. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 

Do." 

Do. 



UNIDENTIFIED SULPHUR DYES. 



Cross dye green 

Cross dye green 

Cross dye green B 

Cross dye green 2G cone . 

Cross dye yellow Y .' . . . 

Disulphine blue 87724 

Eclipse brown 



Eclipse brown BK 371 

Eclipse brown 3GK 

Eclipse brown 3GK 366 

Immedial direct blue B 

Immedial indogene 

Immedial indogene B 

Immedial indogene AGG extra 
cone. 

Kaligen bronze GL (XI)11536 

Katigen direct blue 

Katigen direct blue B extra 

cone. 11193(XI). 
Katigen direct blue RF extra 
cone. 11493(XI). 

ICatigen yellow brown 

Katigen yellow brown RL 

11.520(XI). 
Katigen yellow brown 3RL 
11521(XI). 



BD. 
BD. 
BD. 
BD. 
BD. 



By. 



By. 
By. 



By. 
By. 



51,074 



548 

2,240 

20, 150 



520 
2,379 



$49, 646 



9,235 



England, 100 per cent. 



Do. 
Do. 
Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 



Germany, 100 per cent. 
Do. 



Do. 

Do. 



Do. 



I 



CEI^rSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 

Table U.— Imports of dyes during the calendar year 192 l-~Gontinned. 
UNCLASSIFIED SULPHUR DYES— Continued. 



69 



Schultz 

No. 



Name of dye.' 



Katigen yeUow GR extra (XI)11453. 
Pyrogene brown RS yellow shade. . 



Manufac- 
turer. 



Q-. 



Pyrogene catechine 2G0 

Pyrogene cutch 2G 

Pyrogene euteh brown 2R extra .. 

Pyrogene direct blue RL 

Thioriine green GG ,,[ 

Thiogene orange R '.[ ^ 

Thional yellow G .'.""'" g 



Thionol brilliant green 4GX. 
Thionol brown 

Thionol brown GD ! . 

Thionol brown P 

Thionol brown R . . . 

Thionol corinth RBX 

Thionol green Dy 

Thionol yellow .'.""' 

Thionol yellow GR . 

Thionol yeUow 3RD ... . 
Thionone black 6R . . 



Imports . 



Quantity. 



Invoice 
value. 



BD. 



BD. 
BD. 
BD. 
BD. 
BD. 



BD. 
BD. 
BD. 



Pounds. 
6 
243 

1,102 
500 
110 

1,001 

9,797 
172 

6,446 

6,720 
20,632 



Countries of origin 
(percentage of quan- 
tity). 



2,240 
16,600 
35,240 



S9, 927 



28,019 



Germany, 100 per cent. 
Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 
England, 100 per cent. 
Italy, 100 per cent. 
Switzerland, 100 per 

cent. 
England, 100 per cent. 

Do. 



Do. 
Do. 
Do. 



Do. 



UNIDENTIFIED BASIC DYES. 



Artificial silk black 


I 

L 

Q 


1,202 

55 

4 

263 




Switzerland, 100 per 

cent. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 
France, 100 per cent. 


Brilliantcresylblue2BS 200 percent 
Homophosphine red 






Methyl -iiolet NFB 


b'.'.'..'..' 


$136 


Germany, 100 per cent. 


Methvl violet V 3D. 


K 








Newethvl blue B... 


M. 


100 




Do. 









UNIDENTIFIED SPIRIT SOLUBLE AND COLOR LAKE DYES 



Autol orange 23 211 powder 
Black base.. 


B 


5 
180 

99 





Germany, 100 per cent. 


Black bases.. .. 
Brome lake ...."..".'.'.' 


B 

Q 


1 


Do. 
Do. 


Fat orange ...!!!!!!!!!!.!!!.] 

Fat orange LG 


Q 

G 


220 
440 


$76.5' 


Do. 

Switzerland, 100 per 
cent. 


Fat orange R 8186 


G 




1 




Hansa rubme G powder 


M 


459 
2,315 




Germany, 100 per cent. 


Hahsa yellow 5G lumps .' ". 


M. ".'..'. 


297 


Do. 


Hansa yellow R paste 


M 








Hansa yellow R paste 1918 


M 








Helio Bordeaux BL powder 
Heho Bordeaux BL 1763 
Hello Bordeaux BL 20/100 paste' 


By:::::: 


i,343 


1,526 


Do. 
Do. 


By 






By 






Helio fast blue 




1,143 


1,788 


Helio fast blue SL cone. 


Q 


Heho fast blue BL cone. 55 ioo 


By 






10867a. 
Helio fast violet 




743 







Helio fast violet AL 


By... 




Do. 


Heho fast violet AL 1360... . 

Heho fast ^^olet AL 10866a.... 

Heho violet solide 

Lake blue 


By...::: 








§-;:::; 


25i" 





France, 100 per cent. 


Lake blue 14228 

Lake blue 142281 powder .'." 

Lithol Bordeaux B paste 


Q 

Q 






Germany, 100 percent. 


B 


152 




Do. 



70 CENSUS or DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 

Table 14.— Imports of dyes during the calendar year 192 l—Covtinued. 
UNIDENTIFIED SPIRIT SOLUBLE AND COLOR LAKE DYES— Continued. 



Name of dye. 



Manufac- 
turer. 



Lithol fast orange R powder. 

Oil yellow R 

Pigment scarlet 3T5 cone 

Printers' red 

Sudan 40 L 

Ursnl gray R 



Imports. 



Quantity. 



Pounds. 
100 



600 
230 



10 



Invoice 
value. 



Countries of origin 
(percentage of quan- 

. tity). 



Germany, 100 per cent. 
Do. ■ 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 



UNIDENTIFIED, UNCLASSIFIED, SPECIAL DYES. 



Aniline dyes 

Anthracene GO paste sand free 

Berol2B 

Bistre T powder 

Brilliant bronze black B powder.. . 
Brilliant chrome leather black 
extra. 

Bronze blue for laundry 

Bronze red L116 

Eulan 

EulanF 

Eulan F2164 

Euresin SB 

Gallo indigo blue S powder 

Hydrazol orange G 



79 
800 
500 
,756 
311 
716 

.50 
100 
220 



Indigo blue 

Indigo blue 3BZ 90/100. 

Indigo blue X 

Light yellow G 10526 

Nerocyauine 2BN 

Old gold aniline dyestuff. . . 
Pure blue for printing 



Rose aurore 

Ursol brown 

Ursol brown 2G A 

Violet dahlia 

Violet rouge acid 

Viridine green 

"Jacqueminot nouveau" 

Aniline color 

AU other dyes 



20 
207 
351 



40 
104 
500 

,622 

11 
110 



11 
11 

755 
22 

772 
26 



Germany, 100 per cent. 

Do. 
France, 100 per cent. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 

Do." 

Do. 
Holland, 100 per cent. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 



Do. 

England, 100 per cent. 
Switzerland, 100 per 

cent. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 



Do. 
Do. 

England, 100 per cent. 
Switzerland, 100 per 

cent. 
France, 100 per cent. 
Germany, 100 per cent. 

France, 100 per cent. 

Do. 
Germany, 100 per cent 
France, 100 per cent. 

Do. 



Directory of manufacturers of coal-tar products during 1921. 



Name of company. 



Office address (location of plant given inparentheses if 
not in same city as office). 



Abbott Laboratories 

Agawam Chemical Works (Inc.) . 



Albany Chemical Co 

Althouse Chemical Co. . . 
Amalgamated Dyestuff 

Works (Inc.). 
American AniUne Products (Inc.) 
American Chemical Products Co . 

American Nitration Co. (Inc.) 

American Tar Products Co 



ik Chemical 



American Vat Color Co 

Ansbacher <*;: Co., A. B. (Inc.).... 

Arista Chemical Co. (Inc.) 

Atlantic Chemical Works (Ltd.). 

Atlantic Dyestuff Co 

Atlas Color Works 

Baird & McGuire (Inc.) 



(North Attle- 



47.53 Ravenswood Avenue, Cliicago, lU. 
531 Grosvenor Building, Providence, R.I. 

boro, Mass.). 
2-24 Broadway, Albany, N. i . 
.540 Pear Street, Reading, Pa. 
Plum Point Lane, Newark, N. .1. 

80 Fifth Avenue, New York City (Lock Haven, Pa.). 
73 Chatham Street, Rochester, N. Y. 
River Road, Nutley,N.,T. ^ 

208 South La Salle Street, Chicago, lU. (St. Lo is, MO. 

CarroUville, Wis.; Youngstown, Ohio.; FollansDee, 

W.Va.; Woodward, Ala.). 
3223 South Western Boulevard, Chicago, 111. 
527 Fifth Avenue, New York City. (Brooklyn, N. ^ .) 
305 Broadway, New York City. (Brooklyn, N. Y.) 

f^lme^'B^uiJdin^g^Ki^Masl-^ (Portsmouth, N. H.) 
322 Ninth Street, Brooklyn, N. "i . 
Holbrook, Mass. 



CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 71 

Directory of manufacturers of coal-tar products durincf 1921 — Continued. 



Name of company. 



Barrett Co., The. 



Bayer Co. (Inc.), The 

Bcavor Chemical Co. (Inc.) 

Braver Miinufactnring Co 

Brooklyn Color Works (Inc.) 

Bntterworth-.liidson Corporation 

Samuel Cabot (Inc.) 

Calco Chemical Co. , The 

Carey Manufacturing Co., The Philip. 

Cams Chemical Co 

Central Dycstud <t Chemical Co 

Certain-feed Products Corporation. . . . 



Chatfield Manufacturing Co., The. 



Chemical Company of America (Inc.), 
The. 

Chester Chemical Corporation 

Childs & Co., Charles M 

Chiris Co., Antoine 

Cincinnati Chemical Works (Inc.) 



Citizens G as Co 

Coleman & Bell 

Commonwealth Chemical Corporation.. 

Commonwealth Color & Chemical Co... 

Conden.site Co. of America 

Consolidated Color & Chemical Co 

Cooks Falls Dye Works (Inc.) 

Coopers CreekChemical Co 

Corona Chemical Division (Pittsburgh 

Plate Glass Co.). 
Crescent Color & Chemical Works (Inc.) 

Croton Color & Chemical Co. (Inc.) 



Denver Gas & Electric Light Co 

Dermatological Research Institute 
(Inc.). 

Devoe <^- Raynolds Co. (Inc.) 

Diarsenol Co. (Inc.) 

Dicks David Co. (Inc.) 



Dissosway Chemical Co. (Inc.)... 

Dow Chemical Co., The 

du Font de Nemours & Co., E. I. 



Dyanilin Chemical Co. (Inc.) 

Dye Products & Chemical Co. (Inc.) . . 

Dvestuffs & Chemicals (Inc.) 

Kakins(Inc.),.T. S. & W. R 

Eastman Kodak Co 



Office address (location of plant giveninparentheses if 
not in same city as office). 



Essex Aniline Works (Inc.) 

Fine Colors Co. (Inc.) 

Florasynth Laboratories (Inc.). 

P'ries Bros 

Fries .t Fries Co., The 

(Jarficld Aniline Works (Inc.).. 

Gary Chemical Co 

Gaskill Chemical Corporation. . 

(Goodrich Co., The B. F 

Ctrahame Cliemica! Co 

(irassclli Chemical Co., The 



Harmcr Laboratories Co. 



Helena Light and Railway Co., The... 

Heller <fc .Merz Co., The 

Herrmann A: Co., Morris 

Heydcn Chemical Co. of America(Inc.), 

Hind & Harrison Plush Co., The 

Hirsch Laboratories (Inc.), The 



Holland Aniline Co 

Holliday Kemp Co. (Inc.). 



40 Rector Street, New York Citv. (Plants distributed 
throughout the United States.)" 

117 Hudson Street. New York City (Rensselaer,N. Y.). 

Damascus, Va. 

Ballardvale, Mass. 

Stewart Avenue and Cherry Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

61 Broadway, New York City. (Newark, N. J.) 

141 Milk Street, Boston, Mass. (Chelsea, Mass.) 

Bound Brook, N. J. 

Lockland, Ohio. 

La Salle, 111. 

Plum Point Lane. Newark. N. J. 

Boatman's Bank Building, St. Louis, Mo. (East St. 
Louis, 111.) 

Seventy-fourth and Lelianon Streets, Station P, Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio. 

46 Murray Street, New York City. (Springfield, N. J.) 

36-40 Dclevan Street, Brooklj-n, N. Y. 

41 Summit Street, Brooklyn,"N. Y. 

147 Waverly Place, New York City. (Delawanna. N. J.) 
Box 20, Evanston Station. Cincinnati, Ohio. (Norwood 

and St. Bernard, Ohio.) 
Majestic P.uilding, Indianapolis, Ind. 
Norwood, Ohio. 
15 Park Row, New York City. (Newark, WajTie 

County, N. Y.) 
Nevins, "Butler, and Baltic Streets, Brookljm, N. Y. 
Bloomfield, N. J. (Wvandottc. Mich.) 
122 Hudson Street, New York City. (Newark, N. J.) 
SO Maiden Lane, New York City. (Cooks Falls, N. Y.) 
West Conshohocken, Pa. 
213-215 Lake Street. Milwaukee, Wis. 

Fifty-ninth Street and Eleventh Avenue, New York 

Ci'ty. (Dimellen, N. J.) 
293 Broadway, New York City. (Croton-on-Hudson, 

N. Y.) 
900 Fifteenth Street, I)en\-er, Colo. 
1720 Lombard Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

101 Fulton Street, New York Citv. (Chicago, III.) 

904 Ellicott Square, Bulfalo, N. Y. 

19 North .Moore Street, New YorkCitv. (Chicago Heights, 

111.) 
55 Eckford Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Midland, Mich. 
1007 Market Street, Wilmington, Del. (Deepwater 

Point and Lodi, N. J.) 
Box 216, New Brun.swick, N. J. 
200 Fifth Avenue, New York City. (Newark, N. J.) 
11th and Monroe Streets, St. Loiiis, Mo. 
24 WaUabout Street, Brooklvn, N. Y. 
343 State Street, Rochester, N. Y. (Kodak Park Works, 

Rochester, N. Y.) 
88 Broad Street, Boston, Mass. (South Middleton, Mass.) 
21-29 McBride Avenue, Paterson, N. J. 
Olmstead and Starling Avenues, Unionport, N. Y. 
92 Readc Street, New York City. (Bloomfield, N,J.) 
l.^Ol West Sixth Street, Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Midland Avi'nue, Garfield, N. J. 
73S liroadway, Gary, Ind. (Chesterton, Ind.) 
157 Spencer iStreet, firooklvn, N. Y. 
Akron, Ohio (Akron Mill No. 3). 
6.36 East State Street, Trenton, N. J. 
1.300 Guardian Building, Cleveland, Ohio. (Grasselli, 

N. J., Rensselaer, N. Y.) 
Baltimore and Hirst Avenues, East Lansdowne, Pa. 

(Lansdowne, Pa.) 
Helena, Mont. 

.338 Wilson Avenue. Newark, N. J. 
200 Fifth Avenue, New York Citv. (Newark, N. J.) 
Garfield, N.J. 
Clark Mills, N. Y. 
50 East Fortv-first Street, New York City. (Brooklyn, 

N. Y.) 
Holland, Mich. 
Betts Avenue and Queens Boulevard, Woodside, L. I., 

N.Y. (New York, N.Y.) 



72 CENSUS OF DYES AND COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1921. 

Directory of manufacturers of coal-tar products during 1921 — Continued. 




Office address (location of plant givenln parentheses 11 
not in same city as office). 



Hooker Electrochemical Co 

Hord Color Products Co., The 

Hub DyestufF & Chemical Co 

Hydrocarbon Chemical Co 

Hynson, Westcott & Dunning 

Imperial Color Works (Inc.) 

Independent Coal Tar Co 

Indiana Dye & Chemical Co , 

International Coal Products Corpora- 
tion. 

Interstate Products Corporation 

Ising Corporation, The C. E 

.Taenecke-Ault Co , 

Kem-O-Zone Laboratories (Inc.) 

Kentucky Color & Chemical Co 

Klipstein & Sons Co., E. C 

Kohiistamm & Co., H 

La Motte Chemical Products Co , 

Lasher & Co. (Inc.), F. G 

Lawrence Color & Chemical Works 

Lee Co., A 

Lewis Manufacturing Co., F. J , 

Lucas Paint Co., Alston , 

Lucas & Co. (Inc.), John , 

MaUinckrodt Chemical Works 

Marietta Refining Co., The , 

Max Marx Color & Chemical Co 

Massachusetts Department of Public 
Health. 

May Chemical Works 

Mepham <fe Co., Geo. S 

Merck & Co 

Merrimac Chemical Co , 

Metz Laboratories (Inc.) H. A , 

Monroe Drug Co 

Monsanto Chemical Works 

National Ammonia Co. of Penna., The 
National Aniline & Chemical Co. (Inc.) 

Naugatuck Chemical Co., The 

Newport Co., The 

New England Aniline Works (Inc.) 

New Haven Gas Light Co 

New York Color & Chemical Co. (Inc.) 
New York Quinine & Chemical Works 

Niagara Alkali Co 

Nitro Products Corporation 

Noil Chemical & Color Works (Inc.). . . 

Norvell Chemical Corporation, The 

Palatine Aniline & Chemical Corpora- 
tion. 

Peerless Color Co. (Inc.).... 

Pennsylvania Coal Products Co 

Peoples Gas By-Products Corporation 

Pharma-Chemical Corporation 

Po Ambo Chemical Co. (Inc.) 

Powcrs-\^^eightman-Rosengarten Co. . . 

Providence Chemical Laboratories 

Radiant Dye & Color Works 

Raritan Aniline Works 

Redmanol Chemical Products Co 

Reliance Aniline & Chemical Co. (Inc.) 

Republic Color & Chemical Works 

Republic Creosoting Co 

Rhodia Chemical Co 

Ruxton (Inc.), Philip 



25 Pine Street, New York City. (Niagara Falls, N. Y.) 
1636 Columbus Avenue, Sandusky, Ohio. 

59.5 East Seventh Street, South Boston, Mass. 
951 East Orange Street, Lancaster, Pa. 
Charles and Franklin Streets, Baltimore, Md. 
Glens Falls, N. Y. 

26 Broad Street, Boston, Mass. (Taunton, Mass.) 

One Hundred and Fiftieth Street and Calumet Avenue. 
Hammond, Ind. 

295 Fifth Avenue, New York City. (South Clinch- 
field, Va.) 

Bristol, Tenn. 

Flushing, N. Y. 

Avenue B and Wright Street, Newark, N. J. 

375 EUicott Street, Buffalo, N. Y. 

Thirty-fourth Street, South of Bank Street, Louisville, 

Ky- 

64-1 Greenwich Street, New York City. (Chrome, N. J.: 
South Charleston, W. Va., and Edgewater, N. J.) 

87 Park Place, New York City. (Brooklyn, N. Y.) 

13 West Saratoga Street, Baltimore, Md. 

104 Grove Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

15 Merrimac Street, Lawrence, Mass. 

Lawrence, Mass. (Methuen, Mass.) 

2513 South Robey Street, Chicago, 111. 

1031 Currier Street, Chicago, 111. 

322 Race Street, Philadelphia, Pa. (Gibbsboro, Cam- 
den Co., N. J.) 

3600 North Second Street, St. Louis, Mo. 

Central Bank Building, Marietta, Ohio. 

192-194 Colt Street, Irvington, N. J. 

Room 540, State House, Boston, Mass. 

204 Niagara Street, Newark, N. J. 

Twentieth and Lynch Avenues, East St. Louis, 111. 

45 Park Place, New York City. (Rahway, N. J.) 

148 State Street, Boston, Mass. (North Woburn, Mass.) 

122 Hudson Street, New York City. (Brooklyn, N. Y.) 

Fourth and Oak Streets, Quincy, 111 . 

1724 South Second Street, St. Louis, Mo. 

Delaware Avenue and Van Kirk Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

40 Rector Street, New York City. (Brooklyn, N. Y.; 
Buffalo, N. Y.; Marcus Hook, Pa.) 

Naugatuck, Conn. 

1112 First Wisconsin National Bank Building, Mil- 
waukee, Wis. 

95 Broad Street, Boston, Mass. (Ashland, Mass.) 

New Haven, Conn. 

BeUeville, N. J. (Philadelphia, Pa.) 

135 WiUiams Street, New York City. (Brooklyn, N. Y.) 

4205 Buffalo Avenue, Niagara Falls, N. Y. 

Nitro, W. Va. 

152 West One hundred and eighth Street, New York 
City. 

11 Cliff Street, New York City. (Perth Amboy, N. J.) 

81 North Water Street, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 

Bound Brook, N. J. 

Reiber Building, Butler, Pa. (Petrolia, Pa.). 

122 South Michigan Avenue, Chicago, 111. (Hawthorne, 

lU.). 
233 Broadway, New York. (Bayonne, N. J.) 
Matawan, N. J. 

916 Parrish Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 
51 Empire Street, Providence, R. I. 
2837 West Twenty-first Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
New Brunswick, N. J. 

636 West Twenty-second Street, Chicago, III. 
15 William Street, New York City. (Poughkeepsie, 

N. Y.) 
P. O. box 533, Reading, Pa. 
1614 Merchants Bank Building, Indianapolis Ind. (St. 

Louis Park, Minn.; Seattle, Wash.; Mobile, Ala.) 
89 Fulton Street, New York City. (New Brunswick, 

N.J.) 
220 West Forty-second Street, New York City. (247/2o3 

Water Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.) 



CElS^SUS OF DYES Al^D COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1^1. 73 

Directory of manufacturers of coal-tar products during 1921 — Continued. 



No. 



Name of company. 



Office address (location of plant given in parentheses if 
not in same city as office). 



141 
142 
143 
144 
145 
146 
147 
148 
149 
150 
151 
152 
153 

154 
155 
156 
157 
158 
159 

160 
161 
162 
163 
164 
165 
166 
167 
168 
169 
170 
171 
172 

173 
174 
175 



Sanborn Chemical Works 

Secaw Chemical Co 

Semet-Solvay Co 

Seydel Manufacturing Co 

Sherwin-Williams Co., The 

Siegle Corporation of America, G 

Siemon & Elting 

Sinclair & Valentine Co 

Sun Chemical & Color Co 

Synfleur Scientific Laboratories (Inc.).. 

Synthetical Laboratories of Chicago 

T. M. & G. Chemical Co 

Tar Products Corporation 



Texdel Chemical Co. (Inc.) 

Textile Chemical Co 

Thatcher Process Co. (Inc.) 

Tower Manufacturing Co. (Inc.). 

Trico Chemical Co. (Inc.) 

Ullman Co., Sigmund 



Ultro Chemical Corporation 

Uniform Color & Chemical Corporation. 

Van Dyk & Co 

Verona Chemical Co 

Wamer-Jenkinson Co 

Western Dry Color Co 

White Tar Co. of No w Jersey (Inc . ), The 

Wilbur White Chemical Co., The 

WilhelmCo., The A 

WiU Corporation 

WiUiamsburg Chemical Co. (Inc.) 

Jacques Wolf Co 

Wyoming Dyestuils & Chemical Corpo- 
ration. 

Zinsser & Co 

Zobel Co. (Inc.), Ernst 

Stearns & Co., Frederick 



Putnam, Conn. 

525 Chancellor Avenue, Irvington, N. J. 

Syracuse, N. Y. 

78-100 Forrest Street, Jersey City, N. J. 

Cleveland, Ohio. (Kensington, Chicago, HI.) 

Rosebank, S. I., N. Y. 

93 Nassau Street, New York City. (Irvington, N. J.) 

11 St. Clair Place, New York City. (Edgewater, N. J.) 

309-321 Sussex Street, Harrison, N. J. 

MonticeUo, N. Y. 

1326 West Congress Street, Chicago, 111. 

BeUeviUe, N. J. 

913 Turks Head Building, Providence, R. I. (East 

Providence, R. I.) 
120 Maiden Lane, New York City. (Jersey City, N. J.) 
Public Street and Allen's Avenue, Providence. R. I. 
523 Tracy Street, Syracuse, N. Y. 
326 Broadway, New York City. (Newark, N. J.) 
502 Iroquois Building, Buffalo, N. Y. 
Park Avenue and One hundred and forth-sixth Street, 

New York City. 
41 Union Square, New York City. (Brooklyn, N. Y.) 
Market Street and Bertrand Avenue, Perth Amboy, N. J 
4 Piatt Street, New York City. (Jersey City, N. J.) 
26 Verona Avenue, Newark, N. J. 
2526 Baldwin Street, St. Louis, Mo. 
Fifty-second and Wallace Streets, Chicago, lU. 
56 Vesey Street, New York City. (Kearney, N. J.) 
Owego, N. Y. 
Reading, Pa. 

845 Maple Street, Rochester, N. Y. 
2;30 Morgan Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Passaic, N.J. 
P. O. box 12, Scranton, Pa. 

Hastings-on-Hudson, N. Y. 

Second Avenue and Tenth Street, BrookljTi, N. Y. 

Jefferson and BeUevue Avenues, Detroit, Mich. 



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