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Full text of "Synthetic organic chemicals : United States production and sales"

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Given By 
U. S. SUIT. OF DOCUMENTS 



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1/ 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

WASHINGTON 



PRODUCTION AND SALES 

OF 

DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

1933 



REPORT No. 89 

SECOND SERIES 




UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

U WASHINGTON 



PRODUCTION AND SALES 

OF 

DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

1933 



REPORT No. 89 

SECOND SERIES 




UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON : 1934 



For sale hv the SuDerintendent of Document*, Washington, D.C. ------ Price 10 cents 

BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 9999 06317 186 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



ROBERT L. O'BRIEN, Chairman 
THOMAS WALKER PAGE, Vice Chairman 
EDGAR B. BROSSARD 
OSCAR B. RYDER 

SIDNEY MORGAN, Secretary 



Address All Communications 

UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

WASHINGTON, D.C. 



f^^ 



OCT 17 1934 



CONTENTS 



Page 

Introduction v 

Part I 

Summary of dyes and of other synthetic organic chemicals, 1933: 

t Introduction 1 
Summary of domestic production, 1933: 

Coal-tar crudes I 

Coal-tar intermediates 2 

* Coal-tar dyes 2 

Synthetic organic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin 4 

Part II 

Production of dyes and other coal-tar chemicals, 1933: 

Coal-tar crudes 5 

Coal-tar intermediates 6 

Dyes and other finished coal-tar products: 

Introduction 15 

Dyes 15 

Color lakes 16 

Photographic chemicals 16 

Medicinals 16 

Flavors 16 

Perfume materials 16 

Synthetic coal-tar resins 17 

Miscellaneous products 17 

P*roduction of dyes by classes of application 35 

Part III 

Synthetic organic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin, 1933 37 

Part IV 
Research work, 1933: 
Introduction: 

Dyes and other coal-tar chemicals 43 

M Synthetic organic chemicals not of coal-tar origin 43 

■ Coal-tar and non-coal-tar chemicals 44 



f 



Appendix 



Directory of manufacturers of dyes and other synthetic organic chemicals, 

1933 45. 



nx 



IV CONTENTS 

1 

Text Tables 

Pag»; 

1. Comparison of production and sales of tar and certain crudes, 1925-30, ■ 

1932, and 1933 2 

2 Dyes and other coal-tar chemicals: Summary of production and sales, i 

1933 3' 

3. Dyes and other coal-tar chemicals: Comparison of production and ; 

sales 1925-30, 1932, and 1933 3 

4. Synthetic organic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin: Comparison of 

production and sales 1925-30, 1932, and 1933 4 

5. Coal-tar crudes: Production and sales, 1933 5 

6. Coal-tar intermediates: Production and sales, 1933 6' 

7. Dyes and other finished coal-tar products: Production and sales, 1933- _ 17 ' 

8. Comparison of production and sales of dyes by classes of application, 

1925-30, 1932, and 1933 36 

9. Synthetic organic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin: Production and 

sales, 1933 - 38 



INTRODUCTION 

This report of the domestic dye and S3aitlietic organic chemical 
industry is the result of an investigation made by the United States 
Tariff Commission as part of its regular work. It includes production 
and sales tabulations of coal-tar crudes, intermediates, dyes, and 
other finished coal-tar chemicals and synthetic organic chemicals of 
non-coal-tar origin in 1933. 

In the preparation of tliis report, the Tariff' Commission had the 
services of Dexter North and P. K. Lawrence of the Chemical Division 
of the Commission's staff", and of others. 



PART I 

SUMMARY OF DYES AND OF OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC 
CHEMICALS. 1933 

Introduction 

The data on the domestic production and sales of dyes and other 
synthetic organic chemicals for 1033 contained m this report were 
collected and compiled by the Tariff Commission as a part of its regular 
work. The usefulness of such information to governmental agencies 
and to the public, the Commission considers, warrants its collection 
and publication. 

Detailed tabulations of imports oi coal-tar products are not shown 
here, but are available in the monthly list of dye imports, published 
jointly by the Department of Commerce and tiie Tariff Commission. 

In this report coal-tar products are grouped according to the Tariff 
Act of 1930 and conform in general to common practice. Crudes 
are duty-free under paragraph 1651; intermediates are dutiable at 
40 percent and 7 cents per pound, and at 20 percent and 3}^ cents per 
pound under paragraph 27; and dyes and other finished coal-tar 
products are dutiable under paragraph 28 at 45 percent and 7 cents 
per pound, except indigo and sulphur black v\liich are dutiable at 20 
percent and 3 cents per pound. Certain finished products listed 
under "Miscellaneous Coal-tar Products", page 34, are dutiable under 
paragraph 27. 

The figures for 1933 were compiled from returns of 237 domestic 
producers, 98 of whom made synthetic organic chemicals of non-coal- 
tar origin, and 193 made syntlietic organic chemicals of coal-tar 
origin. A directory of manufacturers who granted permission to 
publish their names is shown on page 45. 

Data for individual products are given m as great detail as is possible 
without disclosing the operations of individual manufacturers. The 
policy of the Commission is to omit production and sales figures for a 
product unless at least three firms report a substantial production. 
If the total is not well distributed among the 3 or more manufacturers, 
or if 1 or 2 producers report the bulk of the total, production or sales 
figures are not published. 

Summary of Domestic Production, 1933 
coal-tar crudes 

Production of coke-oven and coal-gas tar, reported to the Bureau 
of Mines for 1933, totaled 363,298,586 gallons, of which about 52 per- 
cent was distilled by purchasers of tar and a small percentage by the 
producers of tar. In addition 30,154,122 gallons of water-gas tar and 
1,043,931 gallons of oil-gas tar were distilled. 

1 



Z DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

A comparison of the production and sales of tar and of certain 
crudes with the averao;e for 1925-30 and with 1932 is shown below: 



Table 1. — Cornparison of production and sales of tar and certain crudes, 1925- 

1932, and 1933 



1925-30 
average 



Increase 

1933 over 

1932 



Tar produced - Thousands of gallons. _ 

Benzol: 

Production do 

Sales do 

Sales value Thousands of dollars.. 

Motor benzol: 

Production Thousands of gallons. . 

Sales do 

Sales value . Thousands of dollars.. 

Naphthalene: 

Production Thousands of gallons.. 

Sales do 

Sales value. Thousands of dollars.. 

Cresote oil: 

Production Thousands of gallons.. 

Sales do 

Sales value Thousands of dollars. _ 



630, 536 

22, 257 

22, 257 

4,651 

96, 879 
96, 879 
15, 920 

44, 762 

44, 762 

581 

95, 443 
95, 443 
11,742 



303,812 

11,442 

11,908 

2,148 

34, 227 
34, 136 
4,025 

13, 593 

12, 979 
164 

57, 842 

60, 201 

5,594 



363, 299 

19, 382 
19, 723 
3,453 

40, 224 
38, 655 
4,380 

30, 621 

25, 253 

350 

57, 489 
58, 030 
4,779 



Percent 
+19.6 

+69.4 
+65.6 
+60.8 

+ 17.5 
+13.2 
+8.8 

+125. 3 
+94.6 
+113.4 

-.6 
-3.6 
-14.6 



COAL-TAR INTERMEDIATES 

In 1933 the production of intermediates by 59 firms was 370 753, 
749 pounds, or 69.9 percent more than was produced in 1932 and 38.6 
percent more than the average for 1925-30. Five hundred and 
thirty-four chemicals were reported under this classification in 1933 
as compared with 407 in 1930. Increased production in 1933 as 
compared with 1930 is shown for dye intermediates, such as aniline 
oil, 1 amino-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid, gamma acid, H acid, J 
acid, metanilic acid, and sulfanilic acid. Intermediates for resins, 
such as phenol and phthalic anhydride, increased remarkably, whereas 
refined cresylic acid decreased. Other important intermediates show- 
ing increased jjroduction are dinitrochlorobenzene, refined naphtha- 
lene, and nitrobenzene. 

COAL-TAR DYES 

The production of dyes by 46 firms was 100,952,778 pounds, or 7 
percent more than the average for the period 1925-30, and 41.6 per- 
cent more than the output m 1932. Sales totaled 98,238,398 pounds, 
valued at $43,102,469, or 6.5 percent more in volume, and 9 percent 
more m value than the 1925-30 average, and exceeded 1932 by more 
than 33 percent m quantity. Sales of unclassified dyes, included in 
the total, increased to 7,734,981 pounds, valued at $7,794,740. No • 
comparison with 1932 is made because of the incompleteness of data 
for unclassified dyes for that year. 

The weighted average value per pound of dyes sold in 1933 was 
$0,439, as compared with $0,428 average for 1925-30, and $0,448 in 
1932. 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 6 

Table 2. — Dyes and other coal-tar chemicals: Summary of 'production and sales, 

1933 





Number 
of manu- 
facturers 


Production 


Sales 




Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 




59 
159 


Pounds 
370, 753, 749 
176, 206, 320 


Pounds 
163, 682, 500 
162, 092, 167 


$23, 704, 672 
68, 992, 877 


$0. 145 




.426 


Dyes: 

Classified . . . 






93, 172, 314 
7, 780, 464 


90,503,417 
7, 734, 981 


35, 307, 729 
7, 794, 740 


.390 






1.01 








Total . 


46 

36 
10 
34 
13 
20 
33 
27 


100, 952, 778 

7, 584, 313 

825, 887 

8,715,027 

1, 738, 815 

1,420,501 

41,628,485 

13, 340, 514 


98, 238, 398 

7, 574, 481 

688, 976 

8.070,411 

1, 739, 509 

1, 225, 929 

31,657,653 

12, 898, 810 


43, 102, 469 

5, 224, 377 
678, 564 

6, 827, 682 
1, 796, 663 

687, 141 

7, 238, 560 
3, 437, 421 


.439 




.690 


Photographic chemicals- 


.985 




.846 


Flavors - - ... - - 


1.03 


Perfume materials . -.. .. 


.561 


Synthetic resins '.- . - . . 


.229 




.266 







' Does not include coumarone and indene resins and resins derived from maleic acid. 
• 2 Includes benzoate of soda, benzoyl peroxide, stains and indicators, diazo salts, poisonous and tear gases, 
naphthol AS derivatives, rapid fast and rapidogene colors, research chemicals, tanning materials, textile 
assistants, and others. 

Table 3 is a comparison of production and sales of dyes and other 
coal-tar chemicals in 1933 and in earlier years. 

Table 3. — Dyes and other coal-tar chemicals: Comparison of production and sales 

1925-30, 1932, and 1933 



1925-30 
average 



1933 



Increase 

1933 over 

1932 



tntermediates: 

Production Thousands of pounds.. 

Sales do 

, Sales value Thousands of dollars.. 

[Finished coal-tar products i; 

1 Production Thousands of pounds.. 

I Sales do 

! Sales value Thousands of dollars. . 

I Dyes: 

I Production Thousands of pounds.. 

Sales do 

Sales value Thousands of dollars. . 

Medicinals: 

Production Thousands of pounds.. 

Sales do 

I Sales value ..Thousands of dollars.. 
Flavors and perfume materials: 
Production Thousands of pounds.. 

Sales do 

Sales value Thousands of dollars.. 

Coal-tar resins (1927-30) : 

Production .Thousands of pounds. . 

Sales do 

Sales value Thousands of dollars. . 



267, 492 
109, 133 
22, 408 

138, 078 
133, 964 
65, 027 

94, 003 
92, 207 
39, 428 

4,508 
4,106 
7,464 

3,966 
3,919 
2,901 

24, 442 

22, 135 

7,756 



218,143 
96, 960 
17, 259 

118,702 
114,980 
52, 895 

71, 269 
73, 591 
32, 944 

6,365 
6,090 

5,880 

2,307 
2,250 
2,622 

29, 039 

23, 891 

5,001 



370, 754 
163,683 
23, 705 

2 176,206 
2 162, 092 
2 68, 993 

100, 953 
98, 238 
43, 102 

8,715 
8,070 

6,828 

3,159 
2,965 
2,484 

2 41, 628 
2 31, 658 
2 7, 239 



Percent 
69.9 
68.8 
37.3 

48.4 
41.0 
30.4 

41.6 
33.5 
30.8 

36.9 
32.5 
16.1 

36.9 
31.8 
3 5.3 

43.4 
32.5 
44.8 



' Includes color lakes, photographic chemicals, and miscellaneous coal-tar products not shown separately. 

2 Does not include some resins. 

3 Decrease — due principally to low price of vanilla beans and other natural flavors. 



8—34- 



4 DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS OF NON-COAL-TAR ORIGIN ' 

Activities in synthetic organic chemicals not of coal-tar origin, 
reached an all-time peak in 1933 with a production of 771,574,595; 
pounds and sales totaling 542,679,454 pounds, valued at $55,604,615.; 
Production increased 27 percent and sales volume 24 percent over 
1930, whereas sales value decreased 15 percent. 

Comparison with 1930, the last year for which detailed statistics 
were collected, show^s an increase of 129 percent in sales of ainyl 
acetate and sec amyl acetate and a decline in unit sales value from ! 
$0.21 to $0.10 per pound. Sales of butyl acetate declined about 3 ' 
percent in quantity and in unit value from $0.17 to $0.09 per pound. 
Sales of carbon tetrachloride increased about 5 percent in quantity ; 
and unit value declined from $0.06 to $0,043 per pound. Sales • 
of citral in 1933 were 20,937 pounds at $1.63 per pound as ' 
compared wath 6,569 pounds at $1.91 in 1930. Sales of ethyl acetate 
declined 48 percent and unit value from $0.10 to $0,069 per pound. 
Production of formaldehyde increased 28 percent and synthetic 
methanol 35 percent over 1930. 

Sales of non-coal-tar barbituric acid derivatives increased from 
18,932 pounds valued at $13.17 per pound in 1930 to 69,018 pounds 
valued at $8.05 per pound in 1933. 

Synthetic non-coal-tar resin sales increased 82 percent in quantity 
and 20 percent in unit value as compared with 1932. 

Table 4. — Synthetic organic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin: Comparison of 
production and sales, 1925-30, 1932, and 1933 



1925-30 


1932 


1933 


average 






379, 972 


(') 


771, 575 


204, 006 


(') 


542, 679 


44, 499 


(') 


55. 605 


(') 


1,898 


3,572 


(') 


1,787 


3,256 


0) 


796 


1,745 



Increase 

1933 over 

1932 



Synthetic non-coal-tar chemicals: 

Production Thousands of pounds.. 

Sales do 

Sales value Thousands of dollars. . 

Non-coal-tar resins: 

Production ...Thousands of pounds.. 

Sales do 

Sales value Thousands of dollars.. 



1 No data. 



Percent 
0) 
(•) 
(') 

88.2 
82.2 
119.2 



PART II 
PRODUCTION OF DYES AND OTHER COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, 1933 

Coal-tar Crudes 

Table 5 shows the total commercial production of coal tar, quan- 
tities distilled, and the production and sales of light-oil products and 
tar products in 1933. These data were compiled from information 
obtained by the Bureau of Alines from producers of tar and by the 
Tariff Comnussion from purchasers of tar. 

Table 5 . — Coal-tar crudes:^ Production and sales, 1933 

[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers given on p. 
45. An X indicates that the corresponding product was made by a manufacturer who did not consent 
to the publication of his name in connection therewith. A blank in the third column indicates that the 
production figure cannot be published without revealing information in regard to the output of indi- 
vidual firms. A blank in the fourth and fifth columns indicates that the sales figure cannot be published 
without revealing information in regard to the output of individual firms. The figures thus concealed 
are, however, included in the total] 

Tar distilled: 2 

Oil-gas tar, 1,043,931 gallons .$52,438 

Water-gas tar, 30,154,122 gallons 990,008 

Coal tar, 189,657,715 gallons 8, 343, 580 

Total, 220,855,768 gallons '. . 9,386,026 



Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list 
on p. 45) 2 



Production 
(quantity) 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



Tar gallons . . 

Light oil and derivatives: 

Crude light oil do 

Benzol (except motor ben- 
zol) gallons.. 

Motor benzol do 

Toluol, crude and refined 

gallons.. 

Solvent naphtha do 

Xylol do_-.. 

Other light oil products 

gallons.. 

Naphthalene, crude and refined 
pounds.. 



Anthracene crude 

Cresol or cresylic acid, crude 

Cumene. 

Pyridine 

Crude tar acids gallons. 



Creosote oil do 



Tars, refined do. 



Tars, road do... 

Other distillates do... 

Pitch of tar tons. 

Pitch of tar coke. ...do... 



27, 84, 96, 139, 141, 148, 
149, X, X, X. 



18, 22, 50, 141. 



18, 50, 139, 141, 148, 149, 
X. 

12, 18, 96, 141, 148, 149, 
X. 

96, 148 

12, 18, 148 

18 



1363,298,586 
103, 023, 997 

19, 382, 352 
3 40, 224, 022 

3 11,539,107 
3 2, 717, 254 
3 2,101,377 

5, 329, 997 
< 30, 620, 754 



241,000,100 
7, 843, 234 



19, 722, 822 
38, 654, 902 

11,541.990 
2, 570, 981 
2, 271, 658 

2, 445, 350 



25, 252, 619 



$8, 980, 956 
741,082 



3, 452, 529 
4, 379, 737 

3, 123, 738 
449, 96r 
521, 775 

420, 318 



18, 148 

11, 12, 18, 148, 149, X, 

X. 
2. 11, 12, 18, 22, 27, 84, 

88, 90, 96, 102, 148, 

149, X, X, X, X, X, 

X. 
2, 11, 12, 18, 22, 27, 60, 

84, 96, 141, 148, 149, 

XXX 

11, 12, 'l8,'27, 84, 90, 
139, 141, 148, 149, X. 

12, 18, 27, 84, 88, 148, 
149, X. 

2, 11, 12, 18, 27, 84, 90, 
96, 139, 148, 149, X, 
XXX 

12, 18, 22, 90, 148, 149.. 



2, 858, 513 
57, 489, 356 

2 6, 902, 851 

2 95, 613, 206 

2 6, 785, 571 

588, 728 

2 27, 828 



724, 740 
58, 030, 083 

6, 550, 278 

99, 062, 021 

6, 763, 174 

323,065 

33, 082 



206, 435 
4, 779, 076 

658, 160 

7, 813, 899 

934, 971 

3, 742, 675 

287, 572 



$0. 037 
.094 

H 

.175 
.113 

.271 
.175 
.230 



r 

.014 



.285 
.082 

. 100 

.079 

.138 

11.585 

8.693 



1 Data for coke ovens and gas works reporting to Bureau of Mines; and for tar refineries and others 
reporting to United States Tariff Commission. 

2 Reported to United States Tariff Commission only. 

3 Reported to Bureau of Mines only. 

* Includes crude and refined naphthalene reported to Bureau of Mines and crude naphthalene reported 
to United States Tariff Commission. 

5 



6 DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

Coal-tar Intermediates 

Oiitstanding among the coal-tar intermediates showing increased i!i 
production in 1933 as compared with 1932 are aniline oil, 52 percent;';: 
refined naphthalene, 65 percent; phenol, 138 percent; and phthalici' 
anhydride, 125 percent. These increases are due mainly to the in-;: 
creased demand for the synthetic resins derived from these materials. ; 
Total production of intermediates was 370,753,749 pounds, or 4.6 ', 
percent more than the peak year of 1929. 

Among the intermediates reported in 1933 but not in 1930 are the : 
following: Acetotoluide, a-aminoantlu-aquinone, aminoazoxylene-to- 
luidine, amino-5-benzoyl aminoanthraquinone, l-amino-2-bromo-4-p- 
toluidine anthraquinone, amyl phenol (tertiary), amino omega ; 
sulfonic acid, anthraqumone-a-sulfomc acid, azobenzene, benzotri- 
chloride, cresols, 2:2-dibenzanthronyl, dibromoaminoanthraquinone, 
dinitroanthrarufin disodium sulfonate, diphenylguanidine phthalate, 
ethylbenzyl-m-toluidine sulfonic acid, nitrosoethyl benzylanilino, 
oxychlorobenzoyl benzoic acid, phenylated rosaniline and m-xylidine | 
acetate. 

Table 6. — -Coal-tar intermediates: Production and sales, 1933 



[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on p. 
45. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number 
with the designated product. A blank in the third column indicates that the production figure cannot 
be published without revealing information in regard to the output of individual firms. A blank in the 
fourth and fifth columns indicates that the sales of the corresponding product cannot be published with- 
out revealing information in regard to the individual firms. The figures thus concealed are, however, 
included in the total.] 





Manufacturers' identi- 
fication number (ac- 
ording to list on 
p. 45). 


Production 


Sales 


Intermediates 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 






Pounds 
370, 753, 749 


Pounds 
163, 682, 560 


$23, 704, 672 


$0. 146 










5, 37, 54, 69 


56, 059 










119 








Acetoacetanilide 


64, X, X 


77. 087 


31, 709 


22, 644 


.714 


Acetoacetylnaphthylamide. - - 


138 




-A-cetotoluide. --_ - 


119, X 










Acetvldiaminoanthraquinone . 


6 










1-Acetylmethylamin o-4-bromo- 


54 










anthraquinone. 
Acetyl-p-phenylenediamine (p-am- 


5,37, 54,69, 119, X.... 
69... 


86, 494 








ino acetanilide). 
.\cetyl-p-phenylenediamine sul- 










fonic acid. 
Acetyl-p-toluidine.-- 


54, 134, X... 










Acridine yellow. . 


119 










Aldehyde amine condensation prod- 


54.. 










ucts. 

p-Amino acetanilide. (See Acetyl- 
p-phenylenediamine.) 

l-Amino-4-acetylamino-6 and 7- 


119 










naphthylamino sulfonic acid 
(acetylamino Cleve's acid). 
p-Amino p'aminodiphenylamine 


54 










(phenylene nerolacid). 
a-Aminoanthra(iuinone 


54, 69 










b-Amiiioanthraquinone -- 


6, 54, 69, 119.. 


362, 869 
179, 502 








Aminoazobenzene and hydrochlor- 


37, 54, 119, X 








ide. 
Aminoazobenzene disulfonic acid... 


6, 119 








Aminoazobenzene sulfonic acid 


6, 37, 69, 119, X 


.. 38,142 








Aminoazotoluene.- 


5, 54, 63, 119 










Aminoazo.xylene--- 


6, 69, 119. 


23, 459 








Aminoazo.xylene-toluidine 


X 








Aminoazoxylidine 


X 










p-Aminobenzene J acid 


69. .:::::: .::::::::: 











DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

Table 6. — Coal-tar intermediates: Production and sales, / 955— Continued 





Manufacturers' identi- 
fication number (ac- 
cording to list on 
p. 45) 


Production 


Sales 


Intermediates 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


o-Aminobenzoie acid (anthranilic 


53, 54 


Pounds 


Pounds 






acid). 
p-Aminobenzoic acid .- _ 


54 










Aniino-5-benzoy]aniinoanthraqui- 


54 










none. 
5-Amino-2-b enzoylamino-1: 4-di- 


119 










ethoxybenzene hydrochloride. 
Aminoazobenzovl J acid-., 


69 










p-Aminobenzoyl J acid -- 


119. 










l-Amino-2-bromo-4-p-toluidine an- 


54 










thraquinone. 
l-Amino-6-chloroanthraquinone 


54_. 


% 








2- ALminri-4-f<hlnrnf,nIiifinfi 


119 ... 










2-Amino-6-chlorotoluene 


119 










m-Aminocresol methyl ether 


37 










l-AmiQO-2:4-dibromoanthraquinone 


54 










p-Aminodiethvlanihne 


69. 










D-Aminodiinethylamine -.. 


5 










p-Aminodiphenylamine 


54 










Aminodiphenyl ether 


138 










p-Aminoethylbenzylaniline sul- 


54 










fonic acid. 
p-Amino-p-methoxy diphenylamine 


54.. 










(anisidine nerol acid). 
l-Amino-2-methoxy naphthalene 


54 










l-Amino-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid . 


37,54,69, 119,142 

37,54, 119 


1, 277, 921 








l-Amino-8-naphthol-4-sulfoD ic acid . 








acid. 
1-Amino- 8-naphthol -2:4- disulfonic 


37, 54, 69, 119 


101, 073 

2, 843, 542 

336, 048 

715,914 








acid (Chicago acid). 
l-Amino-8 -naphthol - 3: 6 - disulfonic 


54, 69, 116, 119 








acid (H acid) . 
2-Amino-5- naphthol -7- sulfonic 


5, 37, 54, 119 








acid (J acid). 
2-Amino-8-naphthol-6- sulfonic 


37, 54, 69, 119 








acid (gamma acid). 
2-Amino-8-naphthol -3:6- disul fonic 


5, 54, 119 


'" 1 




acid. 
Amino l-naphthylamine-6 and 7- 


54 








sulfonic acid (amino Cleve's 
acid). 
O-Aminophenol 


54, 187, 196, X 










o-Aminophenol sulfonic acid 


37, 119 










p-Aminophenol and hydrochloride.. 


5, 54, 58, 187, 196, X, X. 
37. 


266, 852 








p-Aminophenyl-p-tolylamine sul- 








fonic acid. 
Aminosalicylic acid.., 


5, 6, 54, 69. 


44, 821 








Amino Schaeller ether 


54, 69 








Amyl phenol (tertiary)... ... 


158 










Anhydroformaldehyde aniline (for- 


54, 69, 153, X 










manilide). 
Anhydroformaldehyde-p-toluidine.. 


54 




* 






Aniline disulfonic acid.. ... 


37, 54, 119 


20,245 








Aniline hydrochloride and sulfate... 


X 








Aniline methane sulfonic acid 


69 










Aniline-a-naphthylamine 


X 










Aniline oil 


53, 54, 113, 119, X, X, 

X. 
64, 119. 


29, 494, 960 


12, 861, 339 


$1, 427, 765 


$0. 112 


Aniline omega sulfonic acid-. 




o-Anisidine. . . . . .. .. 


54, 69, X 










o-Anisidine omega sulfonic acid 


119 










p-Anisidine ...... . 


119 










Anthracene, refined 


148, 155.... 










Anthranilic acid. (See o-aminoben- 

zoic acid.) 
Anthraquinone (100 percent) 


69, 119, 155, X 










Anthraquinone-a-sulfonic acid 


54, 69, 119 










Anthraquinone-l:5-dihydroxy (an- 


54, 69, 119 

54, 69 


190,477 




} 




thrarufln) . 
Anthraquinone-l:5-disulfonic acid 








Anthraquinone-2:6-disulfonic acid... 


54, 69, 119 










Anthraquinone-2-sodium sulfonate 


6, 54, 119 










(silver salt). 
Azobenzene 


65 










Benzaldahyde, tech 


79 










Benzaldehyde disulfonic acid.. 

Benzanthrone 

Benzidine, base 


69 










6,54,69, 119, X,X 

5,7,37,54,58,119 


137, 313 
493, 699 















8 DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

Table 6. — Coal-tar intermediates: Production and sales, 1933 — Continued 





Manufacturers' identi- 
fication number (ac- 
cording to list on 
p. 45) 


Productioi 


Sales 


Intermediates 


1 

Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Benzidine hydrochloride and sul- 
fate. 


7,54,58,69,119 


Pounds 
1, 187, 533 

3,544 


Pounds 






6, 37, 138, X 










54, 79, 83, X 










83 












X 










1 - Benzoylamino -5 -p -toluene sul- 
fonic antliraqiiinone. 


54 










54, 119, X 












53,79,83,119 


691, 577 


606, 425 


$114, 387 


$0. 189 




37 




l-Benzoylamino-4-ehloroanthraqui- 

none. 
1-Benzoylamino - 5 - chloranthraqui- 

none. 


54 • 










54 










79,83,X 










Broenner's acid. (See 2-Naphthyl- 
amiue-Csulfonic acid.) 


54 












58 










p - Bromoniethylaminoanthraqui- 
none. 


69 - 










X 










Chic^igoacid. (See l-Amino-8-naph- 

thol-2 : 4-disulfonic acid.) 
Chloroacetoacetylnaphthylamide.— 


138. 










54. 










Chloroaniinophenol sulfonic acid 


37.... 










187.x 










p-Chloroaniline sulfonic acid - 


6.. 












187 












6, 54,69, 119, X 


298, 933 










6, 54, 119 








Chlorobeuzene (mono) 


S3, 54. 83, 164, X 




4,907,504 


219, 183 


.045 


o-Chlorobenzoic acid 


119.. . . 








X.... 












54, 69, 119, X 


638,662 








2-Chloro-l:4-dihydroxy anthraqui- 


119, 142 








none (chloroquinizarin). 
Chlorometanilic acid _ 


5, 54, 119 












54, 119, X ... 


44,606 








Chloronaphthalene 


83, X. 








Chloronitroaminophenol 


37 










o-Chloro-p-nitroaniline. 


5, 69, X 










p-Chloro-o-nitroaniline 


119 










l-Chloro-5-nitroanthraquinone 


54 










2-Chloro-6-nitrobenzothiazole 


X 










o-Chlorophenol 


X 










p-ChlorophenoL. 


X 










Chlorophenylhydrazine - p - sul- 


69 










fonic acid. • 
Chlorophenylmethylpyrazolone sul- 


69.... 










fonic acid. 
ChlorosulfophenylmethylpjTazolone 


54 










Chlorotoluene ! 


54, 83, 119 










o-Chloro-p-toluene sodium sulfo- 


X 










nate. 
Chloro-o-toluidine . . - 


54, 119 










Chlorololiiidine sulfonic acid 


6, 37, 54, X, X. 


220, 341 








■ChlorotolvlthioKlvcollic acid 


54 








p-Chloro-p-.wlidine-. 


54 ... 










p-Chloroxvlvl thioglycollic acid 


54. 










Chromotropicacid. (See 1:8-Dihy- 
dro.\ynaphthalene -3:6-disulfonic 
acid.) 

Cleve's acid. (See 1-Naphthyla- 
inine-6 and 7-sulfonic acid.) 

Cresidine 


54,69 










Cresol, ortho, meta and para 


12 










Cresol, meta-para 


12, X 










Cresol, ortho 


X 










Cresylic acid (refined) 


12, 18, 108, 148, X 

X 


13,813,941 


11,975,441 


626,496 


.052 


Crolilidine aniline 




Cumidine. 


19, 119, X . .. 










Dehydrothio-p-toluidine 


54.. 










Dehydrothio - p - toluidine sulfonic 


37, 119 . 










acid. 1 
Dehydrothio-m-xylidine... ..1 


54 











DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 9 

Table 6. — Coal-tar intermediates: Production and sales, 1933 — Continued 





Manufacturers' identi- 
fication number (ac- 
cording to list on 
p. 45) 


Production 


Sales 


Intermediates 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 




187 


Pounds 


Pounds 








C, 54 












6, 54, 69 












64,69, 119 












64 












64 










quinone. 
26 - Dianiino - 1:5 - dimercapto an- 


54 










thraquinone. 


138 










4:4-Dianiino-2:2;-dimethyldiphenyl- 


54 










methanc. 
Diaminodimethylphenylacridine 


138 










153.-. 










Diaminodiphenylainine sulfonic 

acid. 
4:4 - Diaminodiphenyl - 2 - sulfonic 

acid. 


5, 37 










119 










54 -. . .. 










anthraquinone. 


54 










dichloroanlhraquinone. 
Diaminoniethylphenylacridine 


138 










X 










Diamino.stilbene disulfonic acid . 


54, 69, 119 












37, 54, 119 












69 












54 










l:l-Dianthraquinone imine diamino 
l:l-Diantliraquinone imine-4:4-di- 
benzoyl diamino. 


54 










54 - 










64. 










benzoyl diamino. 
l:l-Dianthraquinone imine dinitrc. 
l-Diazo-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid . . . 


54 










37, 69, 119, 142. 










69, 119 












54, X... 










2:2-Dibenzantlironyl 


54. 












54. 












54.. 












X 










1:5 - Dibenzoyldiaminoanthraquin- 
one. 


54 . 










119-.. 










thramide. 


X 












54 












54, 69... . - 










Dibutvl phthalate ..- 


43, 97, 155, 184, X, X, X 
54 


2,311,811 


1, 921, 758 


$364, 599 


$0,190 


Dicarboxylic-anthraquinone 




37, 69, 18'7 


104, 721 










69 










69, 119, 138 . 












54 - 










o-Diciilorobenzene 


53, 54, 83, X 


1,329,589 
5,111,022 


1.663,356 
5,398,817 


59, 860 
576, 885 


.036 


p-Diclilorobenzene-.- 


53, 64, 83, 164, X 

64 


.107 


1:5 - Dichloro - 2:6 - diaminoanthra- 




quinone. 


54 










quinone. 


119 










Dichlorophenylpyrazolone carbox- 

ylic acid. 

Dichlorosulfophenylpyrazolone 

Dichlorosulfophenylmethylpyrazo- 

lone. 
2:5-Diethoxy aniline 


138 










37 










138 










54 . 












196 












54, 110 












53, 54- 










DiethylanUine-m-sulfonic acid 


54 










54 ... 










l:4-Dihydroxy anthraquinone (qui- 

nizarin). 
5:5 - Dihydroxy - 7:7 - disulfonic - 

2:2-dinaphthylamine (Rhoduline 

acid). 


5, 6, 54, 119, 142, X 

54 


73, 721 

























10 DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

Table 6. — Coal-tar intermediates: Production and sales, 1933 — Continued 





Manufacturers' identi- 
fication number (ac- 
cording to list on 
p. 45) 


Production 


Sales 


Intermediates 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


5:5 - Dihydroxy - 7:7 - disulfonic - 

2:2-dinaphthylurea (J acid urea). 

l:5-Dihydroxynaphthalene 

1:8 - Dihydroxynaphthalene - 3:6 - 

disulfonic acid (chromotropic 

acid). 
5:5 - Dihydroxy - di - b - naphthyla - 

mine - 7:7 - disulfonic acid (I 

acid imide). 
b-Di-p-hydroxyphenylpropane 


37, 54, 69, 119 


Pounds 
150, 607 


Pounds 






6S, 119 .. 








37, 119 .. ... . - 










119 - . 










X 










54 . - 










Dimethoxy - diphenyl - bis - diazo- 
amino - trimethylamine sulfo- 
nate. 


138 










43, 54.... 










p-Dimetliylaminobenzaldehyde 


135 










53, 54, 119, X 


2,824,270 


966,949 


$188, 397 


$0,195 




54.x 






184 












6, 54, 119, 138, X... 












187 












6, 54 , 












54 












54 










fonate. 


54, 119... .. 












37, 69.... 












54, 69, 119, X 


6, 889, 558 


913, 320 


107, 167 


.117 


Dinitrochrysazin disodium sul- 


54 




fonate. 
Dinitrodibenzanthronyl 


54. 










4:8 - Dinitro - 1:5 - dinitrophenyl 


54 . . 










ether anthraquinone. 
Dinitrohydroxydiphenylamine 


37, 69.... 










Dinitrophenetol . _ _ - 


X.. 










Dinitrophenol . _. 


6, 54, 58, 69.- 


158, 985 










X 








Dinitrostilbene disulfonic acid... ._ 


54, 119.... 










Dinitrotoluene .- - 


54, 119, X 










l:5-Dioxaminoanthraquinone - 


54 .. 










1:8 - Dioxamino - 4:5 - dinitroanthra- 


54 










quinone. 
1:5 - Dioxamino - 4:8 - dinitroanthra- 


54 










quinone. 
Dioxy dibenzanthrone 


54 










l:6-Diphenoxy anthraquinone 


54 . 










Diphenvl and derivatives .. ._ 


X 










Diphenylamine 


64 










Diphenyl epsilon acid 


54 










Diphenylether - 2 - diazoaminodi- 


138 










carboxy pyrrolidine. 
Diphenylethylenediamine 


77 










Diphenylsuanidine.- -. 


8, 53, 54, 153 


1, 516, 963 


1,299,063 


414,403 


.319 


Diphenyls^uanidine phthalate 


153 




Diphenylsuanidine succinate. _ . 


X 










Diphenylmethane sulfonate 


119 










Diphenyl p-phenylenediamine 


54 










Dipyrazol dianthrone 


54 . 










Distilbenediphenol . 


119 










l:5-Di-p-toluidine anthraquinone.. 


54 . . 










l;8-Di-p-toluidine anthraquinone . 


54 . 










1:4 - Di -p- tolylaminoanthraquin- 


54 










one. 
Di-o-tolylethylenediamine 


77 










Ditolylguanidine 


8, 54.... . 










Ditolylmethane 


119 _ 










Ditolylthiourea-- . . 


54, 119, 153 










0- Ethoxy - p - amino - o - sulfodi- 


119 










phenylaraine. 
Ethoxyethyl phthalate. 


184 










6-Ethoxy-3-oxy thionaphthalene 


54 










Ethylacetanilide 


119 










Ethyl-p-aminoacetanilide 


119 










Ethyl-o-aniino-p-cresol 


54, 110 . 










Ethylaniline (mono) 


54, 119.... 










Ethylbenzylaniline.- 


54, 119 










Ethylbenzylaniline sulfonic acid 


37,54,69, 110, 119 


27i. 763 









DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 11 

Table 6. — Coal-tar intermediates: Production and sales, 1933 — Continued 





Manufacturers' identi- 
fication number (ac- 
cording to list on 
p. 45) 


Production 


Sales 


Intermediates 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 




155 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Ethylbenzyl-m-toluidine 


119 










Ethylbenzyl-m-toluidine sulfonic 
acid. 


69, 119 -.- 










54 












5 










Ethyi-b-naphthylamine 


54... 












5 










a-Ethyl-b-propylacrylaniline 


77 










119 












54 










Ethyl-o-toluidine-p-sulfonic acid 


54. 










Ethyl-m-t.ol vlenediamine 


5 












5___ 












9, X . 










Formanilide. (See Anhydroform- 

aldehyde aniline.) 
Formvl-m-tolylenediamine 


5 












155 










4-Furovl amino-2:5-diethoxy aniline. 


54 




.. 


L. _ 


Gamma acid. (See 2-Amino-8- 
naphthol-6-sulfonic acid.) 

H acid. (See l-Amino-8-naphthol- 
3: 6-disulfonic acid.) 


83 










2: 1-2:1 -Hydrazine dibromo anthra- 


54 










quinone. 
a-Hvdroxvanthraquinone 


6, 54 










l-Uvdro.\v2-:4-dianilido anthraqui- 


54 










none 
p-H vdroxydiphenvlamine - 


54- 










Hydroxymethylbenzothiazyl sul- 


X 










fide. 
b-Hvdroxv naphthoic acid 


54, 69, 119 










l-Hvdroxv-4-p-tolvl aminoanthra- 


54 










quinone. 


5 










Indophenol (blue and green) 


5.. 












187 ... 










Isodibenzanthrone . 


54 










Isopropvl ester p-toluidine sul- 


■54 










fonic acid. 
Iso violanthrone - 


6 










mine-5-sulfonic acid.) 
Leuco-l:4-dimethyldiaminoanthra- 


54 










qiiinone. 
Leuco quinizarin 


54 










Maleic acid and anhydride 


119, 155, X 










Mercaptobenzothiazole 


153, X 










Metanilic acid 


5,37, 54,69, 119 

138. 


520,129 








Melhoxvchlnrobenzene diazoami- 








nocarboxypyrrolidine. 


184 










Metlioxv omega sulfonic acid 


54 










Meth vlaminoanthraquinone 


69 










1 - Methvlamino - 4 - bromoanthra- 


54 










quinone. 
4 - Meth vl - 4 - aminodiphenylamine- 


69 










2-sulfonie acid. 
1- Methvlamino -4-p-toluidine an- 


54. 










thraquinone. 
b-Methvlanthraquinone 


X 










2-Methvlbeuzanthrone .. 


119 










2-Methvl-diphenvlether-2-diazoam- 


138- 










ino-b-hydroxy-a-carboxy pyrroli- 
dine. 
Methylene dianilide 


54 










Methvl ester p-tolvl sulfonic acid... 


54 










Methvlnitroanisole. 


69 










Methylpyridone - 4 -bromo-anthra- 


54 










quinone. 
Methvlpvridone-4-p-toluidine an- 


54 










thraquinone. 
2-Methyl quinoline (quinaldine) 


119.... 











74398—34- 



12 DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

Table 6. — Coal-tar inter inediates: Production and sales, 19S3 — Continued 





Manufacturers' identi- 
fication number (ac- 
cording to list on 
p. 45) 


Production 


Sales 


Intermediates 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Michler's hydrol. (See Tetramethyl- 

diaminobenzhydrol.) 
Michler's ketone. (See Tetramethyl- 

diaminobenzophenone. ) 


,54 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Naphthalene, solidifying 79° C. or 
above freflned, flake). 

1:5-Naphthalene disulfonic acid 

2:7-Naphthalene disulfonic acid 


18, 54, 148, 193, X, X, X_ 
37, 54, 69 


42, 707, 648 


28, 658, 301 


$1,065,044 


$0. 037 


.54, X - 










X 












54, X --- -- 










Naphthalene-b-thio?lycollic acid 


54 










69 










Naphthionic acid. (See 1-Naph- 
thylamiiie-4-sulfonic acid.) 


37, 54, 69, 119. 


638, 685 


264, 043 


138, 003 


.523 


a-Naphthol-3:6-disulfonic acid 

b-Naphthol, tech 


119 




37,119. X 












5,37,54,119 


113,501 
102, 379 








& Winther's acid). 
l-Naphthol-5-sulfonic acid - 


37, 54, 69, 119 








l-Naphthol-8-chloro-3: 6 -disulfonic 


119 








acid (chloro H acid). 


X 










2-Naphthol sulfonic acid ._ 


54 -. 










2-Naphthol-6-sulfonic acid (Schaef- 


5, 37, 54, 119, X 

5, 37, 54, X . 


136, 863 








fer's acid). 
2-Naphthol-7-sulfonic acid 


23, 360 


26,440 


1.13 


2-Naphthol-8-sulfonic acid . 


37 . 






2-Naphthol-3:6-disulfonic acid 

2-Naphthol-6:8-disulfonic acid 


.5, 37, 54,69, 119, X 

5, 37, 54, 69, 119 

119 


294, 520 
610, 799 


153, 022 


59, 902 


.391 


Naphthylamine - 1:5 - disulfonic 








acid. 

Naphthvlamine - 2:7 - disulfonic 


119 










acid. 
a-Naphthylamine 


54, 69, 119, X - . 










a-Naphthylamine disulfonic acid .. 


54 . 










a-Naphthylamine sulfonic acid 


X 










b-Naphthvlamine 


37, 54, 119, X 


985, 365 


68, 713 


29,888 


.435 


l-Naphthylamine-2-sulfonic acid 


54 




1-Naphthylamine - 4 - sulfonic acid 


5, 37, 54, 119, X 

5,37,54,69,119 


938, 479 
122, 982 








(naphthionic acid). 
1-Naphthylamiue - 5 - sulfonic acid 


28, 177 


9,943 


.353 


(Laurent's acid). 
l-Naphthylam)ne-6-sulfonic acid . .. 


37,54,119 . ... 




l-Naphthylamine-6 and 7-sulfonic 


5,37,54,119 ... 


174, 361 








acid (Cleve's acid). 
l-Naphthvlamine-7-sulfonic acid. .. 


37 








l-Naphthylamine-8-sulfonic aeid..- 


5,54,69, 119 


sis, 944 








1-Naphthylamine - 3:8 - disulfonic 


54,119 








acid. 
1 - Naphthylamine - 4:8 - disulfonic 


37,54, 119 


211, 236 








acid. 
1-Naphthylamine- 2:4:8 - trisulfonic 


69--. - 








acid. 
1-Naphthy!araine -3:6:8 - trisulfonic 


54,69, 116,119 


3, 773, 198 
593, 243 








acid. 
2-Naph thylan) ine - 1 - sulfonic acid 


5, 37, 54, 119, X.. 


366, 210 


238, 556 


.652 


(Tobias acid). 
2-Naphthylamine - 6 - sulfonic acid 


37,54, 119 




(Broenner's acid). 
2-Naphthylamine-7-sulfonio acid 


X 










2-Naphthylamine - 3:6 - disulfonic 


37,119 










acid, 
2-Naphthylamine - 4:8 - disulfonic 


37,54,119-. 


55, 241 
562, 182 
981, 457 








acid. 
2-Naphthylamine - 5:7 - disulfonic 


37, 54, 119 








acid. 
2-Naphthylamine - 6:8 - disulfonic 


37,54,119 








acid. 
b-Xaphthylmethyl ether 


54 








Nevile & Winther's acid. (See 1- 

Naphthol-4-sulfonic acid.) 
p-Nitroacetanilide. -__ 


5,37,69... 


24, 021 








Nitroacetoacetylnaphthylamide 


138 








3-Ni tro-4-aminoauisole 


119 










4-Nitro-2-aminoanisole 


119 










Nitroaminophenol 


6,37,54,69,119,138 

X 


93, 107 








o-Nitroaniline- 









DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 13 

Table 6. — Coal-tar intermediates: Production and sales, 1933 — Continued 





Manufacturers' identi- 
fication number (ac- 
cording to list on 
p. 45) 


Production 


Sales 


Intermediates 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


m-Nitroaniline . . 


54, 110, 187, X 


Pounds 

88,009 


Pounds 
65, 693 


$34, 791 


$0. 530 


p-Nitroaniline.- ._ ... 


5,X ..... 


p-Nitroaniline sulfonic acid 


37, 54, 69, 119, X 

54 


62, 834 








p-Nitro-o-anisidine 








o-Nitroanisole 


37, 54,69, X.. 


706, 833 








p-Nitroanisole 


119 










54, 119, X, X, X 

37 


41,441,521 


2, 546, 212 


184, 317 


.072 


Nitrobenzene-2:5-disulfonic acid 


p-Nitrobenzene J acid 


69 










Nitrobenzene sulfonic acid 


54, 69, 119, X 


102, 302 








Nitrobenzene-m-sUlfonic acid 


6,119 








p-Nitrobenzoic acid --. 


54... 










6 - Nitrobenzothiazyldiethyldithio- 


X..._ 










carbaraate. 
m-Nitrobenzovl chloride 


83 










p-Nitrobenzoy 1 chloride 


54,83. 










Nitrochloroanisole - 


138 










0-Nitrochlorobenzene . 


54, 194, X.. 










o-Nitrochlorobenzene - p - sulfonic 


119.. 










acid. 
p-Nitrochlorobenzene.. 


54, X 










p-Nitrochlorobenzene - o - sulfonic 


37,54, 119, X 


124, 069 








acid. 
2-Nitro-4-chloro toluene 


119... 








Nitrocresol 


54 










m-Nitro-p-cresol- -__ 


37 










Nitrocresol methyl ether 


54 










8-Nitro-l-diazo-2-naphthol-4-sul- 


69, 119, 142 


38, 218 
142, 953 








fonic acid. 
Nitro-p-dichlorobenzene 


37, 69, 187 








Nitrohydrazine. .- 


138 








l-Nitro-2-methoxy naphthalene 


54 










l-Nitro-2-methvl anthraquinone 


54._ 










Nitronaphthalene . 


54, 69, 119 










2-Nitronaphthalene -4:8 - disulfonic 


37 










acid. 
o-Nitrophenetol . 


69 










c-Nitrophenol 


54, 187 










p-Ni trophenol 


54, 69, 187, X, X 










Nitrophenylmethvlpvrazolone 


138 










Nitrosalicylic acid 


69 










Nitrosodiethylaniline --. 


69 










Nitrosodimethylaniline 


69, 119, X 










Nitrosoethyl benzy laniline 


69 










Nitroso-b-naphthol -.. 


7 










Nitrosophenol 


37, 54, 58, 119, 196, X.. 
54, 119 


365, 184 








Nitrotoluene 








o-Ni trotoluene 


54, 119 










o-Nitrotoluene sulfonic acid 


37, X 










m-Nitrotoluene.- 


54 










p-Nitrotoluene 


54, 119 










p-Nitrotoluene-o-sulfonic acid 


5, 37, 54, 69, 119 

54 


724,239 








o-Nitro-p-toluidine 








m-Nitro-p-toluidine - 


64, 134, X, X 


443, 219 


401, 493 


506, 290 


1 26 


p-Ni tro-o-toluidine 


37, 54 




Nitroxylene - 


54, 119 -. 










Oxalyl-p-nitroaniline _. - 


54, 69, 119 










Oxalyl-m-phenylenediamine 


54, 119 










Oxal vl-p-phenylenediamine 


54, 69, 119 










Oxychlorobenzovl benzoic acid 


119 . 










Oxvdichlorobenzoyl benzoic acid_ _ 


119 










Oxyphenyl-b-naphthylamine 


54 ... 










Penta anthramide_ - ._- .. 


54 










Pen ta-methylenediamine disul- 


X. 










fide ester of mercaptobenzo- 

thiazole. 


5 












69 










p-Phenetidine.. - - 


X, X 










Phenol__ 


12, 18, 53, 108, 148, X,X 
X ... 


33, 219, 798 


27, 922, 707 


2, 881, 434 


.103 






PhenyI-2 - amino - 5 - naphthol - 7- 


5,37,54, 119 


36, 650 








sulfonic acid (phenyl J acid). 


5,37,54 








sulfonic acid (phenyl gamma 
acid). 













14 DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

Table 6. — Coal-tar intermediates: Production and sales, 1933 — -Continued 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tification number 
(according to list on 
p. 45). 


Production 


Sales 


Intermediates 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 




X 


Pounds 


Pounds 








X 












5, 37, 54, 119, 112, X 

37,54,69,119 


534, 140 
59,727 








m-Phenylenediamine sulfonic acid 








187 X 








p-Phenylenediamine sulfonic acid... 


37, X 










1 












53, ."H, 119 


8,725,992 








Phenylhydrazine and hydrochloride. 
Phenylhydrazine-o-sulfonic acid 


7 53 138, X 








69 - - 










69, 138, 168 


31, 314 








Phenyl malonic ester and derivatives 


X 








54, 138, X 












54, 119 . - 












54,69,73 










Phenyl 1 - naphthylamine - 8 - sul- 


5,54,69,119 


306, 597 








fonic acid. 
Phenyl-b-naphthylnitrosamine 


X 








53 












134 












165 










Phthalic acid and anhydride 


54, 119, 155, X 


14, 075, 844 


11,693,716 


$1, 271, 887 


$0. 110^ 




7, 54, 119, X 






37,54,119 


272, 977 








Pyrazol anthrone .- 


54 










138 - — 










Quinaldine. (See 2-Methyl quino- 

line.) 
Quinaldine yellow base 


54, 119 










Red KB base - 


119 












54, 134 










Rhoduline acid. (See 5:5-Dihy- 
droxy - 7:7 - disulfonic-2:2-dinaph - 
thylamine.) 

Rosaniline base 


X ... 










Rubber chemicals, other _ _ 




5, 115, 585 








Acetaldehyde plus aniline oil -. 


X 








Acetaldehyde plus aniline con- 
densation products 


153 










Acetone and aniline condensa- 
tion products 


153 










Benzothiazol thiobenzoate 


153 










Butylaldchyde and aniline con- 
densation products _ - . . 


153 










Butyric aldehyde plus aniline 
oil- 


X 










Condensation product of di- 
phenylamine and acetone 


X 










Crotonylidine-a-naphthvlamine 


73 










p-p-Diaminodiphenvlmethane- . 


X 










s-Di (b-naphthol) p-phenylene- 
diamine .. .-_ .- _ 


73 . 










Dinitrophenylbenzothiazyl sul- 
fide-_- - 


153 










Dinitrophenylester of dimethyl- 
dithiocarbamie acid 


X. 










Di-o-tolylthiourea 


73 










Ditolvlamines 


73 










Heptaldehvde plus aniline oil 


X- 










Methylene-p-t oluidine. _ _ 


73 










Mixture of diphenylpuanidine 
acetate and dinitrophenyl es- 
ter of mercapto benzothiazol... 


X .. 










Polyethylenppolyamine plus b- 
naphthol 


X 










Polybutylidine aniline 


73 










Other 


54 










Salicylic acid, tech 


53, 54, 119, X 










Salicylic anilide 


54 .. 










Scarlet TR base 


119 










Schaeffer's acid. (See 2-Naphthol- 

6-sulfonic acid.) 
Silver salt. (See Anthraquinone- 

2-sodium sulfonate.) 
Sodium benzene disulfonate... 


54.... 


• 








Sodium naphtliionate 


X.. 










Sodium picramate... 


X 










Sodium sulfanilate 6 ' 











DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 15 

Table 6. — Coal-tar intermediates: Production and sales, 19SS— Continued 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tification number 
(according to list on 
p. 45). 


Production 


Sales 


Intermediates 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Sulfanilic acid 


7, 37, 119, 187, X 

X 


Pounds 
1, 458, 315 


Pounds 






Sulfanilide . . 








o-Sulfobenzaldehvde - 


54,119 










l-Sulfo-5-nitroanthraquinone 


54 










Sulfophenvlmethvlpyrazolone 


6 










p-Tertiarv butvl phenol 


53 












54 . 










Tetrachlorofluoreseein __ 


X 










Tetrachlorophthalic anhydride 


119 










Tetraniethvldiaminoacridine 


138 










Tetraniethyldiaminobenzhydrol 
{Michlpr's hvdrol) 


54,69 










Tetramethyldiaminobenzophenone 
(Michler's ketone) 


54, 69 










Tetramethyldiaminodiphenyl- 


54,69, 110, 119, 138, X... 
5 119 


774, 570 
















Thiocarhanilide 


54 73 119, 153 


134, J64 


135, 807 


$25, 561 


$0 183 


Thiophenyl-b-naphthvlamine 


X 






119 












37,54,58, 119 .. 


190, 922 










138 










X 










p-Toluene sulfamide 


X 










p-Toluene sulfochloride . 


X .. . . 










p-Toluene sulfonic acid ethyl ester 


6,187 -- 












54, 119, X 












X 










o-Toluidine 


54 119, X 










o-Toluidine sulfonic acid. 


54 119, X 










m-Toluidine 


54,119 












54, 119, 194 --- -. 












5,37,54 










Tolvl aldehyde - - 


X 












54, 119, X 

5, 37, 54, 119, X 


87, 500 
687, 248 










260, 665 


160, 438 


.615 




119 . -. 




p-Tolvl-b-naphthylamine 


54 










Tolyl-1-naphthylamine - 8 - sulfonic 
acid (tolvl peri acid) . . 


5, 69, 119 










Trichlorobenzene 


83 ... 












93, X, X 


1, 471, 507 


1, 282, 500 


252, 625 


.197 




54,119 






54,119 










Triphenylphosphate .... 


53, 93, X 


507, 796 


497, 858 


158, 120 


.318 


m-Xvlene . 


54 




Xylidine and salt 


37 54 119 X 


242, 130 
29, 991 








5 54 X 










54, 119 










5,6 119 












54, 119 . . 












54 . . 























Dyes and Other Finished Coal-Tar Products 



INTRODUCTION 

Finished coal-tar products may be divided into the following classes: 
(1) Dyes, (2) color lakes, (3) photographic chemicals, (4) medicinals, 
(5) flavors, (6) perfume materials, (7) synthetic resins, and (8) mis- 
cellaneous products. 

DYES 

The production of 100,952,778 pounds of dyes in 1933 is exceeded 
only by the 111,421,505 pounds produced in 1929 and is 7 percent more 
than the average for the period 1925-30. Sales totaled 98,238,398 
pounds valued at $43,102,469 or $0,439 per pound or 6.5 percent more 



16 DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

in quantit}^, and 9 percent more in value than the 1925-30 period. 
Sales in 1933 exceeded 1932 hj more than 30 percent in quantity. 
Sales of unclassified and special dj'-es included in this total increased 
to 7,734,981 pounds valued at $7,794,740 or $1.01 per pound. 

COLOR LAKES 

Increased activity is noted in this industry in 1933 as compared 
with 1932, production having increased 19 percent and sales volume 
22 percent, and the unit value of sales having increased from $0,655 
to $0.69. Comparison with 1930 shows a decrease of 21 percent in 
production and sales and an increase in unit value from $0.59 to $0.69 
per pound. Increased sales in 1933 as against 1930 are shown for 
black, lithol red, orange, and para red lakes. 

PHOTOGRAPHIC CHEMICALS 

The production of photographic chemicals was 825,887 pounds in 
1933, as compared with 818,000 pounds in 1932, and 624,828 pounds in 
1930. Sales, however, declined to 688,976 pounds, valued at $678,564, 
as compared with 714,000 pounds, valued at $797,000 in 1932, and 
605,635 pounds valued at $761,572 in 1930. Data for hydroquinol 
are shown separately in this report. 

MEDICINALS 

Sales of 8,070,4 1 1 pounds of coal-tar medicinals, valued at $6,827,682 
exceeded in quantity any year since 1919 and were 48 percent higher 
than 1930. The unit value of sales averaged $0.85 per pound as com- 
pared with $0.97 in 1932 and $1.45 in 1930. Sales of acetyl salicylic acid 
(aspirin), by quantity, increased 45 percent over 1930. The price 
declined from $0.77 to $0.62 per pound. Sales of arsphenamine and 
derivatives totaled 5,390 pounds, at an average of $152.34 per pound, 
as compared with 6,488 pounds at $138.45 in 1932 and 5,553 pounds 
at $226.09 per pound in 1930. Sales of phenobarbital amounting to 
60,197 pounds at $6.99 per pound, as compared with 24,069 pounds 
at $55.04 per pound, were outstanding, as was the increase in sales of 
phenolphthalein to 451,418 pounds, at $0.44 per pound, from 384,931 
pounds, at $0.94 per pound, in 1930. 

See table 9, part III, for synthetic medicinals of non-coal-tar origin. 

FLAVORS 

Sales of flavors declined 14 percent in volume as compared with 
1930 and 6 percent as compared with 1932. Sales of coumarin, how- 
ever, increased 19 percent by volume over 1930; the unit value of 
sales declined from $3.27 per pound in 1930 to $2.42 in 1933. Sales 
of vanillin totaled 191,039 pounds at $4.06 per pound, a substantial 
dechne from the 296,161 pounds sold in 1930 at $5.34 per pound, and 
slightly less than the 192,864 pounds sold at $4.40 per pound in 1932. 

PERFUME MATERIALS 

Quantitatively, sales of perfuirie materials were greater in 1933 than 
in 1930, amounting to 1,225,929 pounds and 1,018,867 pounds, re- 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



17 



spectively, in the 2 years. Sales value, however, declined to $687,141 
or $0.56 per pound as compared with $745,208 or $0.73 per pound in 
1930. 

SYNTHETIC COAL-TAR RESINS 

Remarkable increases are noted for synthetic resins derived from 
phenol and cresol. In quantity, sales increased 61 percent over 1930 
and 86 percent over 1932, while unit values declined from $0.38 per 
pound in 1930 to $0.23 in 1933. Separate data for resins derived 
from phthalic anhydride are published for the first time. 

See table 9, part III, for synthetic resins of non-coal-tar origin. 



MISCELLANEOUS PRODUCTS 

Production and sales data as shown for this group of products are 
not comparable with data for earlier years because of the inclusion of 
certain products not heretofore considered under this classification, 
such as synthetic insecticides, biological stains and indicators, poison- 
ous and tear gases, and textile assistants derived from coal tar. 

Table 7. — Dyes and other finished coal-tar -products: Production and sales, 1933 

[The numbers in the third column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on 
p. 45. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to tlie publication of his identification num- 
ber with the designated product. A blank in the fourth column indicates that the production figure 
cannot be i)ublished without revealing information in regard to the output of individual firms. A blank 
in the fifth and sixth columns indicates that the sales of the corresponding product cannot be published 
without revealing information in regard to the individual firms. The figures thus concealed are, however, 
included in the total] 



Col- 


Name of product 


Manufacturers' 
identification 
number (accord- 
ing to list on p. 45) 


Production 


Sales 


Index 
No. 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 




Total finished coal-tar 
products 1 




Pounds 
176, 206, 320 


Pounds 
162, 092, 167 


$68, 992, 877 


$0. 426 




Classified Dyes 
nitroso dyes 


69 -.- - 




2 










5 




5, X 










10 


NITRO DYES 

Naphthol yellow S 


37, 119, X 










16 


AZO DYES 

Monoazo Dyes 


\ 

6 










17 




6, 44, 63, 119 










19 




6, 44, 63, 69 


15,291 
466, 832 








20 




69,119 X 


457, 706 


140, 688 


.307 


21 




5, 44, 54, 69, 119, X 




23 




44 










24 




6, 44, 54, 63, 69, 119, 

X. 
6, 37, 119, X 


155, 976 


167, 955 


94, 376 


.562 


26 






27 


Orange O 


37, 54, 69, 119 










29 




54, 119- 










30 




6 119 










31 
36 


Amido naphthol red G 

Chrome yellow 2G 


5, 6, 37, 54, 69, 119, X. 

6, 37, 44, 69 


256, 118 
102, 856 
48, 326 


265, 362 
124, 733 
50, 614 


85, 452 
43, 314 
29, 259 


.322 
.547 


40 


Chrome yellow R 


5, 6, 37, 69, X 

6. 37 


.578 


52 






63 


Victoria violet 


37, 54, 69, 119, X 

69, X 


51, 521 


53, 337 


34, 065 


.639 


55 


Azo coralline 





Does not include coumarone and indene resins and resins derived from maleic acid. 



18 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



Table 7. — Dyes and other finished coal-tar products: 

Continued 



Production and sales, 193S — 



Col- 


Name of product 


Manufacturers' 
identification 
number (accord- 
ing to list on p. 45) 


Production 


Sales 


Index 

No. 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


56 


Azo DYES— continued 
Monoazo Z)j/««— continued 


119 


Pounds 


Pounds 






57 
69 


Amido nsiphthol red 6B 


5,6,37, 54,69, 119, X- 
X, X 


167, 883 


182, 744 


$81,001 


$0,443 


73 




44, 63, 69, 119 










79 




6, 37, 51, 69, 119, X, 

X. 
6 . 


299, 331 


317, 970 


112,413 


.354 


80 


Ponceau 3R 




81 




69 - - 










83 




X 










84 




54 










88 


Bordeaux B 


5 37, 54, 119, X 




75, 851 


32, 549 


.429 


90 


Chromotrope lOB - 


54 . 






98 




37 










101 




119 142, X - - 










105 


Acid chrome brown R.. 

Chrome ttavine G. 


5 51, 69 - 










110 


69 . 










113 




63 --- 










114 




54 - 










119 




54 










122 


Chrome yellow 5Q. _ 


37 . 










126 


Dii-ect pink E2GN 


54 - 










128 




119 










130 


Direct pink EBN.. 


54 - 










138 


5, 37, 54,69, 119 

7 __ 


458, 114 


459, 570 


235, 540 


.513 


142 


Methyl orange- - 




143 




6 










145 




69 --- 










146 




6 54, 69, 119 -- - 


52, 770 


49, 745 


34, 114 


.686 


148 


Resorcin yellow 


119, X - 




150 


6 . 










151 




5, 37,69, 119, X 

69 


1, 128, 249 








153 


Azo fuchsine G 

Permanent orange R . - 








156 


6 - - - 










160 


Ilansa rubine 


69 - 










161 




54, 119, X . 










163 


Lake red 4B . . 


37 54, X 


54, 788 
454, 220 


64, 960 
386, 319 


71,354 
399, 430 


1. 10 


165 




6,54,69,82, 111, 179, 

X, X, X, X, X. 
119 


1.03 


167 


Acid chrome brown B 

Acid chrome earner R 

Chrome violet R 




168 


37,69,119 










169 


37, 54, 119, X 




9,401 


8,301 


.883 


170 


Chrome black PV 


69, 119 






175 


Acid chrome brown N 


69 










176 


37,54, 69, 119, X, X_ 

37, 54, 69, 119, X 

37,69, 119, 197 

5 


83, 207 
116,528 
84, 030 


78, 799 
124, 775 
92, 147 


42, 595 
63, 952 
45. 985 


.541 


179 




.513 


ISO 


Fast red VR . 


.499 


182 


Fast red K 




183 


Croceine scarlet 3BX 


37 


:: : : 






184 


Amaranth _ -...-._. 


6, 37, 54,69, 119, X,. 
37, 69, 119 


21, 401 

75, 772 


20, 581 
77, 592 


9,761 
34, 591 


.474 


185 


Cochineal red 


.446 


189 


Lake red R (100 percent) 

Mordant yellow _.. 


37, 54, 69, 162, X, X. 
37, 119 




195 










197 


Chrome yellow RN 


119 










201 


Chrome blue black B 

Chrome blue black U 

Chrome black T 


36, 37, 54, 119 










202 
203 


5,37, 44. 54, 69, 119'. . 
37, 54, 69, 119 


1, 630, 005 


1, 708, 301 


456, 659 


.267 


204 


Chrome black A - 


37, 54, 69, 119, 142 










208 


Fast acid blue R 


5, 54, 09, 119 


165, 389 


159, 739 


71, 581 


.448 


209 


Fast acid blue B_ 


5, 54, 69, 119 




211 


Methyl red _._ 


7 










214 


Lake red D__ 


179 










216 


Chrome red B _.. .. 


5, 37,44, 54, 69, 119, 

X, X. 
54, X 


89, 391 


85, 116 


47, 182 


554 


225 


Direct pink R 




234 


Dhazo Dyes 
Resorcin brown B . 


5, 6, 37, 44, 54, 69, 

119, X. 
5, 44, 119, X 


291, 839 


249, 631 


125, 181 


.501 


235 


Resorcin dark brown 




238 


Aciil chrome brown G 

Acid black lOB. 


54 










246 


5, 6. 37, 54, 69, 119, 

142, 197, X, X. 
37, 44, 54, X 


1, 227, 054 
18, 330 


1, 198, 129 
15, 389 


438, 072 
8,319 


366 


247 


Acid dark green A 


.540 


248 


Sudan Q... 


6 





DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



19 



Table 7. — Dyes and other finished coal-tar products: Production and sale.t, 1933- 

Continued 



Col- 
our 
Index 
No. 



249 
252 
254 
256 
258 
261 
262 
267 
271 
274 
275 
277 
278 
280 
288 
289 
294 
299 
302 
304 
306 
307 
308 
312 
315 
316 
317 
319 
324 

326 
327 
331 
332 
336 
343 
346 
349 
353 
364 
365 
370 
374 
375 
376 
382 

385 
387 
394 
395 
401 

405 
406 

409 
410 
411 
415 
419 

420 

423 
430 
431 
436 
441 
443 
446 



Name of product 



Azo DYES — continued 
Disazo Dyes— Continued 



Cloth red R 

Brilliant croceine 

Ponceau 5R 

Cloth red 3G 

Sudan IV 

Cloth red G 

Cloth red 2B 

Neutral gray O 

Fast acid black R 

Milling orange O 

Cloth scarlet G 

Croceine scarlet 

Direct fast red 8BL 

Scarlet EC 

Fast cyanine G 

Fast cyanine 5R. 

Acid black B 

Chrome black F 

Chrome blue green B 

Fast acid black N2B 

Fast acid black F 

Fast cyanine black B 

Naphthylamine black D 

Blue black B 

Naphtiiol black 2B 

Developed blue NA 

Developed blue B 

Direct fast heliotrope 2B 

Developed brilliant orange 
GR. 

Direct fast scarlet 

Direct fast scarlet 4BS 

Bismarck brown 

Bismarck brown 2R 

Acid chrome black F 

Chrome fast yellow C 

Direct fast yellow 5GL 

Direct fast yellow 4GL 

Direct fast pink 2BL 

Paper yellow 

Chrysophenine G 

Congo red 

Direct orange TA 

Congo corinth G 

Direct rubine 

Direct scarlet B 



Direct violet 

Direct violet B 

Direct violet N 

Developed black RO 

Developed black BHN. 



Direct cyanine R. 
Direct blue 2B 



Direct orange DB.. 

Chrysamine G 

Cresotine yellow G. 

Direct orange R 

Direct fast red F... 



Direct brown M. 



Direct brown B 

Polar red G 

Acid chrome red 

Direct brilliant red 8B. . 
Chrome fast yellow RD. 

Milling red 2G.__ 

Direct orange RT 



Manufacturers' 
identification 
number (accord- 
ing to list on p. 45) 



37 

37, 54, 69, 119, X. 



54 

37, 44, 54, 63, 119, 144. 



6, 37, 69, 119. 

54 

69 



5, 6, 36, 37. 
37, 54, X.. 
5. 



5, 6, 54, 119, 197, X_ 

6, 119 

5,36, 119 

5, 36, 54, 69, 119 

119 

5, 37, 54, 69, 119 

5,54,69 

37, 54 



5, 36, 54, 69, 119. 

5, 54, 69 

5 _ 



44 

54, 69, 119. 

54, 119 

54 

54, 69, 138. 



37,54, 119. -_ 

37 

54, 69, 119, X 

5, 37,54,69, 119, X. 
69 



5, 69. 
54.... 
37_-_ 



54, 119, X 

54, 69, 119, X 

54, 119 

54, 119 

119 

5, 6, 54, 119, 197, X.. 

37 X 

5, 6, il', 69', " i 19," "197", 

X, X. 
37 



5, 37, 54, 119 

37, 54, 69, 119, X. 
6 



6, 37, 54, 69, 119, 197, 

X. 

119 

5, 6, 37, 44, 54, 

197, X. 
54 



9, 119, 



5, 37, 54, X 

119 

5,37, 54, 69 

5, 6, 37, 54, 69, 119, 

197, X. 
5, 6, 37, 44, 54, 69, 

119, X. 

5, 197 

36, 37, 54, 119, X 

54._ 



5, 37.. 
69.... 
37, X. 
119... 



Production 



Poundi 



277, 495 



26,408 



92, 774 



623, 695 



230, 399 



254, 420 



410, 344 



57, 385 
456, 525 



18, 181 
136, 553 



127, 648 



147, 124 



45,326 
'2,"045,'530 



875, 699 



16, 386 



36, 825 
ICO, 130 



252, 823 



Sales 



Quantity 



Pounds 



273, 087 



22, 085 



18, 019 



81, 431 



629, 067 



227, 808 



276, 042 
3,667 



394, 949 



68, 634 
450,911 



18, 022 
141, 128 



109, 224 



159, 840 



55, 200 
"2,"o66,'034 



843, 601 



42, 705 
174, 969 



222, 575 



Value 



$197, 261 



13, 637 



16, 934 



156, 564 



338, 938 



98, 492 



162, 337 
2,654 



376, 009 



32, 446 
165, 957 



31, 143 
99, 802 



77, 917 



140, 193 



45, 856 
625,089 



212, 396 



18, 234 
110, 617 



112, 591 



74398—34- 



20 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



Table 7. — Dyes and other finished coal-tar products: Production and sales, 1 OSS- 
Continued 



Col- 


Name of product 


Manufacturers' 
identification 
number (accord- 
ing to list on p. 45) 


Production 


Sales 


our 
Index 
No. 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


448 


Azo DYES — continued 
Dimzo Z)j/e«— Continued 


37, 54, 119 


Pounds 
444, 250 


Pounds 
454, 914 


$198, 196 


$0. 436 


450 




5 




464 




54 










468 




119 










471 


Direct blue 3R 


119. 










472 


Direct blue BX 


37, 54, 119 


16, 214 


19, 141 


8,201 


.428 


473 




54 




477 


Direct blue 3B 


6, 37, 44, 54, 119 










478 


Direct orange G. 

Acid milling red B -.. 


6, 37, 69, 119 


38, 345 
18, 738 








487 


5, 6, 36, 37, 69, 138, X. 
37, 54, 119 


20, 912 


19, 592 


.937 


495 






502 




37, 54, 119 


63, 958 


67, 494 


45, 969 


.681 


508 


Direct brilliant blue G 

Direct blue HW 


54.. 




512 


6, 37, 54, 69, 119 

119 


233, 465 


260, 169 


190, 605 


.733 


515 






518 


Direct pure blue 6B .. 


6, 37, 54, 69, 119 

5, 37, 54,69, 119, X__ 
54, 69 


357, 292 
100, 530 


349, 984 
100, 460 


283, 788 
47, 613 


.811 


520 


Trisazo Dyes 
Direct pure blue ._ _ - 


.474 


533 


Direct fast blue FR 




539 


Direct fast black FF 


5, 37, 54, 69, 119 

36 


271,645 


306, 695 


152, 738 


.498 


545 


Plutoform black L 




552 


Diazo black RS. 


54, 119 








' 


561 


Direct brown BT 


5, 54, 119, 138 










567 


Direct fast blue R... ._ 


37 










576 


Direct fast blue B 


37, 54, 119.. 




96, 118 
6, 835, 679 

553, 598 

32, 132 

37, 774 


132, 131 
1, 807, 057 

189, 339 

13, 994 

13,615 


1.37 


581 


Direct black EW 


5, 37, 54, 69, 119, 197, 

X. 
5, 37, 54, 69, 119, 197, 

X. 
5,6,37,54, 119, 197, X 

5, 37, 54, 119, 197, X. 
54 


6, 857, 158 

648, 174 

39, 556 

29, 075 


.264 


582 


Direct black RX,__ . . 


.342 


583 


Direct sreen ET . . 


.436 


589 


Chloramine green B 


.360 


590 


Direct steei blue Q 

Direct green B 




593 


5, 6, 37, 54, 69, 119, 

142, 197, X. 
5, 37, 54, 197, X 


606, 781 


579, 255 

83, 180 
628, 573 


188, 340 

36, 376 

200, 228 


.325 


594 


Direct green G. _.. 


.437 


596 


Direct brown 3Q0. 


5, 37, 44, 54, 69, 119, 

197, X. 
6,37,54,69, 119, X 


693, 422 


.319 


598 


Congo brown G.. 




601 


Congo brown R., 


5,54 










606 


Tetrakisazo Dyes 
Direct brown G 


44,69, 197, X . 


19, 027 










Total classified azo dyes 

STILBENE DYES 

Direct yellow R_. 












30, 750, 478 


30, 573, 603 


13, 209, 978 


.432 




5, 37, 54, 119, X 

5,54, 119, X 




620 


298, 155 


330, 512 
103, 273 


121,587 
64,395 


368 


621 


Chloramine orange Q 

Stilbene yellow 


.624 


622 


54 






631 


PYRAZOLONE DYES 

Direct chrysoine G 


37 










636 


Fast light yellow 2G 


54,69, 119, 138. _. 
36,37,54,69,119,138 


47, 874 


52, 061 


55, 264 


1 06 


639 


Fast light yellow.. _ 




640 


Tartrazine 


36,69,119, 138, X,X 
36,37,54,69, 119, X-. 


484, 198 


525,813 


339, 708 


646 


652 


Chrome red B 




653 


Pyrazol orange G .. 


6,119,138 










654 


Developed fast yellow 2G 

Total pyrazolone dyes. 

KETONIMINE DYES 

Auramine 


54 
























900, 710 


944, 156 


729, 029 


772 




54, 110, 119, X 




655 


869, 073 


794, 168 


782, 031 


.985 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



21 



Table 7. — Dyes and other finished coal-tar products: Production and sales, 1933- 

Continued 



Col- 


Name of product 


Manufacturers' 
identification 
number (accord- 
ing to list on p. 45) 


Production 


Sales 


our 
Index 
No. 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


657 


TRIPHENYLMETHANE AND DI- 
PHENYLNAPHTHYLMETHANE 
DYES 

Malachite green.. _ . 


119, X ._ 


Pounds 


Pounds 






658 


Rhoduline blue 6G— . 


69,119 










666 


Acid green B . 


37, 54, 69, 119, X 

69, 119, X. 


67, 246 


56, 213 


$50,011 


$0,890 


667 


Fast acid creen B . . 




670 




54,69 . . 










671 




54,119 










676 




9-_ _ - _ 










677 




37, 167, X,X__ 










680 
681 


Methyl violet and base 

Crystal violet. 


54, 55, 69, 82, 95, 119, X 
54, 69, 119 


819, 334 


730, 716 
. _. 


534,715 


.732 


682 


Ethvl violet 


69 










689 


Spirit blue 


9 










690 


Victoria blue 4R 


69 










691 


Fast green bluish 


6 . 










696 


Fast acid violet lOB.. 


54. 










698 


Acid violet. 


37, 54, 69, 119, X 

119.. . 


229, 872 


215, 567 


190, 225 


.882 


699 


Acid fast violet BQ.. _ 




703 


Alkali blue6B... 


9 










704 


Alkali blne.- 


167, X,X- 


319, 231 








705 


Methyl blue 


9 








707 


Soluble blue.- - 


69, 167, X 


38, 401 


49, 119 


85, 457 


1.74 


710 


Brilliant sky blue 5G 

Patent blue. ._ . . 


69 




712 


69, 119_.. 










714 


Patent blue A--. _ _ . 


69, 119_ 










720 


Eriochrome azurol B 


119 










722 


Eriochrome cyanine R 

Aurine. .. . 


119 










724 


54 










728 


Victoria blue R 


69 










729 


Victoria blue B .-. 


54,69,119 . -. 










733 


Fast acid blue B . 


54 










735 


Naphthalene green V 

Wool green S-._ . 


54, 1 19 










737 


54,69,X 


111,194 


117,605 


68, 032 


.578 




Total triphenylme- 
thane and diphenyl- 
naphthylmethane 
dyes. 

XANTHENE DYES 

Rhodamine B.. 








2, 865, 972 


2, 486, 566 


2,621,134 


1.05 




54,110 




749 










752 


Rhodamine 60... 


54. 










758 


Fa,st acid violet A2R. 


X. 










759 


Acid rosamine A. .. 


X. . 










766 


Uranine.-- 


9, X. 










768 


Eosine .._ . _ 


6,9,92, 119, X 

6. . . 


164, 441 


181,771 


264, 515 


1.46 


772 


Erythrosine 




773 


Ervthrosine B 


9,X . ... 










774 


Phloxine B.- 


9 










777 


Rose bengale 


9,X 










788 


ACRIDINE DYES 


69, 138 - 










793 


Phosphine .. . 


37,54,69, 119, 138, X.. 
69 


103, 516 


114,054 


88, 972 


.780 


794 


Phosphine 2Q 




797 


Euehrysine 


69 










801 


OUINOLINE DYES 


54, 119 










812 


THIAZOLE DYES 

Primuline 


54 119 X 










813 


Direct pure yellow M 

Direct fast yellow. _ . 


54 










814 


37,54,119, X 


216, 664 


219,815 


200, 422 


.912 


815 


Thioflavine T . . 


54 




816 


Direct brilliant flavine S 


X_ 











22 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



Table 7. — Dyes and other finished coal-tar products: Production and sales, 1933- 

Continued 



Col- 


Name of product 


Manufacturers' 
identification 
number (accord- 
ing to list on p. 45) 


Production 


Sales 


Index 
No. 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


833 


AZINE DYES 

Wool fast blue GL 


54,69, 119 ... 


Pounds 


Pounds 






841 


Safranine -. . , . . . . 


54, 119 










860 


Induline (spirit-soluble) 

Induline (water-soluble) 

Ni?rosine (spirit-soluble) 

Nigrosine (water-soluble) 

ANILINE BLACK AND ALLIED 
DYES 

New fast gray 


69, 119, X 










861 


69, 119, X 


28, 633 

566, 142 

1, 294, 125 


35, 354 

604, 356 

1,350,874 


$26, 368 
196, 191 
445, 483 


$0,746 
325 


864 


6|9, 119, X 


865 


63, 119, X 


330 


873 


54, 138, X 




875 


Fur black _ 


69, X 










878 


OXAZINE DYES 


119 










883 




X,X 










909 


Cotton blue . . 


6, 119, X 


58, 055 


41, 387 


53, 045 


1 28 


913 


Nile blue BX . 


69 




922 


THIAZINE DYES 

Methylene blue 


54, 69, 119, X 




409, 141 


343, 641 


.840 


924 


Methylene green B 


X 






931 


Brilliant chrome blue 

SULFIDE DYES 

Carbazole vat blue R --- 


69, X 










969 


54.. 


(2) 

16, 020, 531 
1, 357, 303 
1, 522, 320 

150, 2S8 

459, 670 

48, 343 








971 


Carbazole vat blue Q 


54 










Sulfur black 

Sulfur blue 


54,69, 119, X 


14, 951, 341 
1, 283, 858 
1, 450, 521 

164, 145 
421,056 
86, 732 
23, 920 
306, 003 
212, 170 


2, 034, 449 
504, 934 
402, 790 

125, 234 
220, 033 
28, 766 
9,664 
82, 800 
80, 402 


.136 




5,37,54,69.87, 119, X_ 
5,37,47,54,69,87,119, 
X. 

5,54,69,87,119 

5,54,69,119 


.393 




Sulfur brown . 


278 




Sulfur green . 


.763 




Sulfur maroon 


.533 
332 




Sulfur olive . .. 


54,69, 119, X 




Sulfur orange 


37,54,69, 119 


404 




Sulfur tan .-- .-. 


5, 37, 54, 69, 87, X 

5, 37, 54, 69, 87, 119, X. 
5,37, X 


303, 017 
202, 699 


.271 




Sulfur yellow 


379 




Other sulfide dyes 






Total sulfide dyes 














20, 188, 008 


18, 989, 801 


3, 516, 559 


.185 




AHTHRAOUINONE DYES 

Alizarin, - -. 


6, 119,X 




1027 










1034 


Alizarin red S ._ 


6, 119,X 




27, 211 


46, 439 


1 71 


1035 


Alizarin brown. 


119, X 






1037 


Alizarin red PS 


69 










1039 


Alizarin GI 


54 










1040 


Alizarin SX 


119 . - 










1053 


Acid alizarin blue SE 

Acid alizarin blue B 


54,69 










1054 


54, 69, 119 


451, 177 


415, 293 


682, 404 


1.64 


1059 


Anthracene blue WG.._ 


16. 




1060 Anthracene blue SWGG 


16 










1062 


Anthracene blue WR 

Anthracene blue WRS.. 

Alizarin irisol R 


36,119 










1063 


16 










1073 


16,54 










1075 


Alizarin astrol B 


54,69 










1076 


Cyananthrol R... ... 


54 










1078 
1080 


Alizarin cyanine green E 

Acid anthraquinone violet B. 
Anthraquinone blue black B. 
Acid anthraiiuinone blue B . _ 
Acid alizarin rubine 


5,6, 16,54,69, 119, X.. 
16,54 


67, 546 


58, 346 


119,019 


2.04 


1085 


54,69, 119, X 


86, 681 


83, 162 
25, 143 


121,429 
80, 696 


1.46 


1088 


54,69,119.... 


3.21 


1091 


69 








Total anthraquinone 
dyes. 














1,024,605 


944,711 


1, 480, 964 


1 57 









> Totals not included under sulfide dyes. In the dyes classifled by method of application, these 2 
dyes are included in the vat dyes. 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



23 



Table 7. — Dyes and other finished coal-tar products: Production and sales, 19SS — 

Continued 



Col- 


Name of product 


Manufacturers' 
identification 
number (accord- 
ing to list on p. 45) 


Production 


Sales 


Index 
No. 


Quantity 


Value 

* 


Unit 
value 


1095 


ANTHRAOUINONE VAT DYES 
(SINGLE STRENGTH) 

Anthraquinone vat yellow 

OC. 
Anthraquinone vat golden 

orange O. 
Anthraquinone vat golden 

orange R. 
Anthraquinone vat scarlet G_ 
Anthraquinone vat dark 

blue BO. 
Anthraquinone vat jade green 
Anthraquinone vat green B 

and black. 
Anthraquinone vat violet 

RR. 
Anthraquinone vat blue RS. 
Anthraquinone vat blue 3G_ 
Anthraquinone vat blue 

GCD. 
Anthraquinone vat blue 

BCS. 
Anthraquinone vat blue 

RCD. 
Anthraquinone vat yellow O. 
Anthraquinone vat brown B_ 
Anthraquinone vat scarlet R_ 
Anthraquinone vat red 50K_ 
Anthraquinone vat yellow 

OK. 
Anthraquinone vat red FF-. 
Anthraquinone vat brilliant 

violet B. 
Anthraquinone vat brilliant 

violet R. 
Anthraquinone vat olive R.. 
Anthraquinone vat brown R. 
Anthraquinone vat brown 0_ 
Anthraquinone vat red violet 

RRN. 
Anthraquinone vat red BN-. 
Anthraquinone vat violet 

BNX. 
Anthraquinone vat orange R. 
Anthraquinone vat yellow 

3G. 
Anthraquinone vat blue 

green FFB. 

Total anthraquinone 
vat dyes. 

INDIGOID AND THIOINDIGOID 
DYES 

Indigo, synthetic, 20 percent 
paste. 


54,69 


Pounds 


Pounds 






1096 


54, 69, 119, X . 


113,320 


124, 551 


$185, 735 


$1 49 


1097 


119-- 




1098 


119 










1099 
1101 


54,69, 119, X,X 

54 - 


93, 447 


100,810 


121,261 


1.20 


110? 


54,69, 119, X 










1104 
1107 


6,54,69, 119, X 

54,69 -.. 


96, 423 


96, 170 


160, 960 


1.67 


1109 


54 










J113 


53,54,69,119 


423, 326 
453, 253 


523, 026 
411,475 


299, 189 
394, 346 


.572 


1114 


54,69,119 


.968 


1115 


69 




1118 
1120 


6,53,54,69,119 

54,119 


153, 042 


227, 455 


246, 875 


1.09 


1129 


69 










1131 


64 










1132 


6, 54 - - - - --- 










1133 


54 










1134 


54 -. 










1135 


54 .... 










1150 


54, 69, 119 










1151 


54, 69, 119 










1152 


54, 69, 119 










1161 


54, 69 - 










1162 


54, 119 










1163 


54 










1169 


54 .-. 










1170 


54, X 










1173 


119 
























3,532,834 


3,705,978 


4, 035, 688 


1.09 




63, 54, 119 




1177 


23, 412, 400 


22, 500, 721 


3, 606, 985 


.156 


1178 


119 




1180 




54, 119 










1183 


Tribromindigo RB 


53 










1184 


Bromindigo blue 2B, 2BD._. 
Bromindigo 6B 


53 69, 119 










1186 


63 










1207 


Vat red B 


54 










1210 




69 










1212 


Vat red 3B _. 


53, 54, 69, 119 

54, 69, 119, X, X, X. 
53 54 


59, 299 
329, 769 


74, 681 
352,938 


86, 070 
473, 508 


1.15 


1217 


Vat orange R 


1.34 


1222 


Vat violet BR 




1228 




53 










1229 


Vat red R 


53 










22 


FOOD DYES 

Yellow AB 


56, 119, 168, X . 










61 


Yellow OB 


56, 119, 168, X 










80 


Ponceau 3R 


19, 119, 168, 189, X... 26, 081 
19, 119, 168, 189, X... 83,348 


25, 818 
84, 325 


112,526 

148, 812 


4.36 


150 


Orange I 


1.76 



24 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



Table 7. — Dyes and other finished coal-tar products: Production and sales, 1933- 

Continued 



Col- 


Name of product 


Manufacturers' 
identification 
number (accord- 
ing to list on p. 45) 


Production 


Sales 


our 
Index 

No. 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


184 


FOOD DYES— continued 
Amaranth... 


19, 119, 168, 189, X... 
19, 119, 168, 189, X... 
119, 168, 189, X 


Pounds 
39, 818 
51,771 


Pounds 

43, 251 

51, 366 

709 

512 

4,533 


.$93, 694 

111,343 

8,553 

7,803 

66, 904 


$2.17 


640 


Tartrazine . ....-- 


2.17 






12.06 


670 


Light green SF (yellowish)... 


119, 168, 189, X 




15.24 


773 


19, 119, 168, X 

119, 168, X 


4,713 


14.76 


1180 


Indigo disulfonic acid 

Brilliant blue FCF 






119, 168, 189 . 












Fast green FCF 


168, 189 














119, 168, 189 












Sunset yellow FCF 


119, 168, 189.. 




7,474 


15, 020 


2.01 




Total food dyes 










232, 403 


241, 648 


636, 058 


2.63 












93, 172, 314 


90, 503, 417 


35, 307, 729 


.390 




Unclassified Dyes 
Acetate black . 


X 
















Acetate silk blacks (III, IV, 

IVdbl.). 
Acetate silk blues (R supra, 

5RB, III, IV, VII, XII). 
Acetate silk brilliant cerise... 
Acetate silk brilliant oranges 

(3R cone, GF cone). 
Acetate silk brilliant sky 

blue O. 
Acetate silk brilliant yellow 

(G, R). 
Acetate silk developed black 

(W, Q supra, LF cone, B 

supra). 
Acetate silk fast orange 2R 

supra. 

Acetate silk fast red Y 

Acetate silk golden orange 

(I, III). 
Acetate silk golden yellow 

(F, F special, VII, IX, 

XII, XIII). 

Acetate silk heliotrope, I 

Acetate silk orange (I, II, 

III). 
Acetate silk pure yellow (I, 

Acetate silk red (I, III, 

VI-X, VII). 
Acetate silk scarlet. 


6 












5, 6... 












5 












5 












5 












5 












5- 












5 












5- 












6... 












5, 6 












5, 6 












6 












6 












6 












5 












Acetate silk violet II... 


6 












Acid alizarin blue . 


X 












Acid alizarin brown 5R_ 

Acid alizarin flavine R 

Acid alizarin green 


69. 












69 












X 












Acid anthracene brown (B, 

PG). 
Acid anthracene orange GR._ 
Acid anthracene yellow OR 

extra. 
Acid anthraquinone blue 

(BGA, WSA, SWB). 
Acid anthraquinone rubihe 

R cone. 
Acid black (AR, BG cone, 

8B, DB cone, GRF, 3G, 

J, NBJ, RB, USD, 640, 

773). 
Acid blue BL 


69 












X 












36 












54. 












54. 












44, 54, 119, X, X 












138 












Acid l)rilliant blue (3B, RR)_ 
Acid lirilliant red G ... 


6, 54 












54 












Acid l>r()\vns (N, Y, R cone.) 
Acid fa.st I lack BBN.._ 


X, 5, 138.. 


6,889 










54 










Acid fast blue (IB, NB) 

Acid fast brown CGS 

Acid fast orange LW 


54 












54 












6 












Acid fast red BL 


X 












Acid fast yellow RS... 


6 











DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



25 



Table 7. — Dyes and other finished coal-tar products: Production and sales, 1933- 

Continued 





Name of product 


Manufacturers' 
iden tification 
number (accord- 
ing to list on p. 45) 


Production 


Sales 




Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 




Unclassified Dyes— Contd. 
Acid Lapis blue 


6 


Pounds 


Pounds 








Acid light red 4BL. 


54 












Acid light rubine (BS, BL).. 

Acid milling scarlet G 

Acid milling yellow (G, 2GX). 

Acid naphthol blue black 

Acid navy blue (M4B, eonc). 
Acid orange 2R. 


69.-. 












6 












37, 138 












37 












54, X 












138 












Acid red (OA, 3B) 


37, 138. 












Acid scarlet G cone 


138 












Acid violet (RL, B) 


37, 138 












Acid wool blue BL 

Acid yellow (R, G, HM cone.) 
Alizarin blue GS 


54 












5, 138, X 












119 












Alizarin blue black AWC 

Alizarin direct blue (A2G, 

AR). 
Alizarin IT 


69 












69 












6 












Alizarin supra blue . __- 


69 












Alizarin vellow GG 


X 












Alkali fast green lOG 

Anthra yellow GD 


69 












69 












Anthracene blue SWN 

Anthraquinone vat black 

(NM, J, 3G). 
Anthraquinone vat blue 

(RCL, 3BCS, BOX, GCS, 

2GCD, RCX, CLX). 
Anthraquinone vat blue 

green (FFB, Y). 
Anthraquinone vat brilliant 

blue RCL. 
Anthraquinone vat brilliant 

orange RK. 
Anthraquinone vat brilliant 

pink B. 
Anthraquinone vat brilliant 

violet (4R, 2RN). 
Anthraquinone vat brown 

(GO, RR, RT, G). 
Anthraquinone vat flavine 

GC. 
Anthraquinone vat golden 

orange (3G, R, RRT). 
Anthraquinone vat green 

(IB, IBW, G, 2G, GGF, 

RC). 
Anthraquinone vat khaki 2G. 
Anthraquinone vat navy 

blue (BN). 
Anthraquinone vat orange 

(RRF, RRT). 
Anthraquinone vat printing 

brown D. 
Anthraquinone vat printing 

green (B suprafix, B(5 

suprafix). 
Anthraquinone vat printing 

violet (2R, 4RN). 
Anthraquinone vat red violet 

(3CRH, 2RM). 
Anthraquinone vat scarlet 

(SB, 3BM, GGN). 
Anthraquinone vat yellow 

(PG, 8G, 4G). 
Anthraquinone vat yellow 

brown 3G. 
Artificial silk black G 


119 












6, 54, 119 












6, 54, 69 












54, 69 












69 












69 












69 












69 












54, 69 












119 . 












54, 69, X 












54, 69 












54, 69... 












6, 54 












69 












69 












69 












69 












69 












69 












54, 69 . 












69 












37 














X 












Azo eosine 2B 

Azo fast blue (G, B, 2R) 


54 












119 












119 














119 














138 












Azo red F 


5 











26 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



Table 7. — Dyes and other finished coal-tar products: Production and sales, 1933- 

Continued 



Name of product 



Unclassified Dyes— Contd. 

Azo scarlet G cone 

Azo violet 2B 

Azoxylene azo b-naphthol 

Azoxylene azo N-1700 

Azoxvlene yellow T-7463 

Basic black APX 

Basic navy blue 

Bis benzene diazo a-naphthol. 
Bis xylene diazo a-uaphthoL. 

Bordeaux BP 

Brilliant acid blue 3BP 

Brilliant benzo violet B 

Brilliant green crystals 

Brilliant millinE; blue B 

Brilliant milling green B 

cone. 

Brilliant red lake R paste 

Brilliant wool blue (FFR, G 

extra, N). 

Celanthrene black. 

Celanthrene Blue G- 

Celanthrene brilliant blue 

Celanthrene brilliant red 

Celanthrene brown (BR, Y, 

AN). 
Celanthrene fast light yellow. 
Celanthrene navy blue (R, 

BN, CB, CBR). 

Celanthrene orange, ex 

Celanthrene purple R 

Celanthrene red Y.. --- 

Celanthrene red violet R 

Celanthrene sky blue (B, 

BR). 

Celanthrene violet CB 

Cherry red toner no. 1 

Chromate blue black B 

Chroniate brilliant brown 

(R, RL). 
Chromate brown (EBS 

conc.,EB,EG, BC,EBR). 
Chrome black (3G, 77, SW, 
NSE). 

Chrome blue ATX._ 

Chrome brown (B, SB, EB, 

G, PG. RH). 

Chrome fast garnet R 

Chrome green (B, 3B, SN, 

5W, G, CB). 

Chrome orange 3B 

Chrome red (B, BGA) 

Chrome red brown 3R 

Chrome violet 

Chrome yellow (DS, 5G, SS, 

SW, G, 3Q, 2G). 

Chromoxane cyanine R 

Chromoxane pure blue B 

Cloth red (R, 2R) 

Croceine scarlet FP cone 

Developed black (G, 2BN, 

OB, OT, ZV cone). 
Developed blue (B, BR, 

B553, B555, NA,5G1). 
Developed Bordeaux (7B, 7B 

cone). 
Developed brilliant scarlet 

(2BL, 5BL). 

Developed brown R._ 

Developed fast blue (B, 2RW, 

NBB). 

Developed fast red 7BL 

Developed fast violet BL 

Developed green (BL, 2GL)_ 
Developed indigo blue 4GL__ 
Developed orange (RR, WD)- 



Manufacturers' 
identification 
number (accord- 
ing to list on p. 45) 



138. 
5-_- 
X.. 
X-. 
X.. 
54. . 
69_. 
X__ 
X.. 
69-- 
138- 



X... 

54, 69- 
54.... 



X 

69, 119- 



5,36,54,69, X,X, X - 
5,54, 119, 144, X 



54,144 

6,36,37,54,119. 



37-- 

5,37, 119, 144, X- 



119 

36 

69 

144... 

5,37,54,69, 119, X. 



69 

69 

119 

119- 

37,54,69,119. 

37,44,54,119- 

54,119 

54 



54.-.. 
37, 54. 



54-.. 
54--. 
54--. 
5,54. 
54... 



Production 



Pounds 



113, 298 
8,427 



129, 951 



53, 879 



165, 551 



Sales 



Quantity 



Pounds 



110,707 
15, 888 



153, 801 



Value 



m, 461 

15, 429 



23,883 



77,001 



Unit 
value 



.$0. 808 
.971 



.384 



.501 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



27 



Table 7. — Dyes and other finished coal-tar -products: Production and sales, 1933 — 

Continued 



Name of product 



Unclassified Dyes— Contd. 

Developed red 7BL 

Developed scarlet (A, R) 

Developed seal brown 

Developed violet RR 

Developed yellow 2Q 

Diaminoeene extra 

Direct black (3G, 3GR, B, 

NCW). 
Direct blue (3RX, FF, NR) 

Direct Bordeaux (B,6B) 

Direct brilliant green (BB, 

3G). 

Direct brilliant red 1'2B 

Direct brilliant scarlet R0_.. 
Direct brown (FW, RY, 

G2R, G3R, K, R, NR, 

3RB,N, TS, CN, 3G, BN, 

GB). 

Direct catechine G 

Direct catechine brown GR. 
Direct chrome black blue B_ 
Direct chrome brown (BS, 

5G). 

Direct copper blue RRX 

Direct dark green (B, 2B).-.. 
Direct fast black (B, L, 

FTC, LB, PG ex). 
Direct fast blue (G, 2GL, 

4GL, 8GL, FF, R, SRL, 

RL). 
Direct fast brown (R, 4R, 

RK, 4GL, RL, 2RL, 4RL, 

SYL). 
Direct fast gray (BL, GL, 

2GL, R). 

Direct fast light blue FF 

Direct fast olive brown RL,. 
Direct fast orange (R, 2R, 

EG, ER, RE. L7G, L3R, 

S, G, 2G cone, 4G, 7R, 

2GL'). 
Direct fast red (5BL, 8BL, 

8BLN,4B). 
Direct fast rubine B cone — 

Direct fast scarlet 4BA 

Direct fast violet (F, SRL) _, 
Direct fast yellow (RI>, 5GL, 

2G). 

Direct garnet R 

Direct gray (G, B) 

Direct green (54FS, BG, 2Y, 

Special). 

Direct green black 

Direct indigo blue (BRR, 

4GL, 4RL). 
Direct light brown (GR, 

4YL). 

Direct light yellow RL 

Direct navy blue (DB, R). 
Direct orange (GL, 4G, G, 

2R). 

Direct rhoduline red B 

Direct rubine B-- 

Direct skv blue 3GL 

Direct violet BB 

Direct violet black_ ._. 

Direct yellow (4GL, RL)--,. 

Discharge brown RB 

Dressing jet black 

Fast acid black BR 

Fast acid blue CM 

Fast acid gray 

Fast acid light red B 

Fast acid red (3B, 2G, BL).. 



Manufacturers' 
identification 
number (accord- 
ing to list on p. 45) 



5 

119-.. 

X 

54 

119 

69 

5, 37, 119, X. 



37, 54, 119. 
6,69,119.- 
6,69 - 



5,37,44,69, 119, X,X, 
X. 



54. 119. 

6 

5 

5 



54. 

69..-- 

5,6,37,54,69,119- 

37,54,69,119 



54,69,119- 



36,37,54,69,87, 119, X 



36,37,69,119, 



119- 
5,., 



5,54 

37,54,69,119. 



37.... 
44, X, 
5, 54, 6 

37,-.. 



37 

.5, 54, X,- 
5, 36, 119- 

54 



119-.- 
37,,-- 
5,119- 
54,-.- 

69 

5, 69- 



119, 
37-- 
54, f 



Production 



Pounds 



109, 134 



64, 409 



108, 907 



255, 323 
116, 395 



22, 063 



117,668 



Sales 



Quantity 



Pounds 



112,939 



258,311 
132, 083 



21, 682 



130, 126 



59, 420 



Value 



$44, 765 



64, 899 



202, 991 
140, 000 



46, 842 



155,433 



87, 440 



19, 500 



Unit 
value 



3.845 



.575 



.786 
1.06 



1.19 



28 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



Table 7. — Dyes and other finished coal-tar products: Production and sales, 1933 — 

Continued 





Name of product 


Manufacturers' 
identif i cation 
number (accord- 
ing to list on p. 45) 


Production 


Sales 




Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 




Unclassified DyEs— Contd. 

Fast acid violet (VR, ERR 
ex). 


54, 138 


Pounds 


Pounds 








69 .- 












Fast black V 


54 














119 












Fast lieht red (B, 4B) 

Fast light yellow (3Q, E2a) . 


69 












69 












5 












Fast silk red RT 


5.. 












Fast wool blnck ORF conc— 
Fast wool red (BL, OL) 


119 












119 












119 . .- 














5, 37 












Gas yellow 


X 












Hansa yellow G 


54, 69, 92 














69 












Hello fast rubine 4BL... 

Helio red RMT- 


69 












69 












Indamine navy blue 2B 

Indisro vat brown G 


5 












119 












Indipo vat pink FF 


54, 119, X, X 

69 


118,045 










Indocvanine B 










Ink blue B.ITBNA 


69 












Lacquer maroon 


X . 














X .. .. 












Lake pink RL 


119. 












Lake red 


X 












Lake scarlet GO 


119 












Lanafuchsine B 


54 












Leather brown ... 


44 . 












Liffht fast violet 


X 












Lithosol fast blue BL conc 

Lithosol fast yellow lOG 

Methyl violet (L conc, 

NFB, 5B crystal). 
Milling fast garnet R... 


54 












54 












69, 119 












36 












Milling fast red BA 


36 












Milling fast yellow 5GL 

Milling green lOG 


36 .. 












X .. 












Milling orange (G,RN,R,R 

conc). 
Milling red (B,G,R) . . 


54, 119, 138- . 












119, X 












Milling yellow (OR, 3G, GN, 
R, conc.) 

Naphthogene blue 2R 

Naphthylamine black V 

Neptune blue BR 


5, 54, 119, 138, X 

5 


34, 016 


28, 107 


$29, 748 


$1.06 




54 












69 












Neutral discharge red BW.-_ 
New methylene blue . 


6 












X 












Nigrosine base (B, N, NB, 
R, 2R). 

Oil brown (M, Y, D) 

Oil fast orange A ... 


119 












63, 119.. 












119. 










Oil fa.st red M 


119 












Oil fast yellow 3G 


119 












Oil green . 


X 












Oil orange (ZQ, Y, RR) 

Oil pink B. ... . 


44, 63, 195 












119 












Oil red (3B, G, 0, RO, Y, 

EG 430, 322). 
Oil violet. 


6,44,63, 119, 195, X.. 
X .... 


32, 664 


37, 483 


37, 656 


1.00 




Oil yellow N 


54, X.. 












Oxydiainine black C 


69 












Paper red (Ad ex) 


69..'. 












Paper scarlet B 


69 












Para brown DK. 


119 












Para vellow GW .. 


119 












Patent blue (AF, 2RG, B 

conc.) 
Pharmasol scarlet O 


69, 119.... 












138 












Pharmasol vellow G... 


138 












I'hannol blue B 


138 












Pharmol yellow G 


138 












Phenamine black (B, BN)... 
Phenoform orange (G, R) 


69- 












69 











DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



29 



Table 7. — Dyes and other finished coal-tar products: Production and sales, 1933 — ■ 

Continued 





Name of product 


Manufacturers' 
identification 

number (accord- 
ing to list on p. 45) 


Production 


Sales 




Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 




Unclassified Dyes— Contd. 
Phloxine BN 


X... 


Pounds 


Pounds 








Pigment oranee 


X 












Pigment red RR 


X. 












Pigment vellow Q 


X 












Plutoform black C 


69 












Polar oran.ee (GS, R) 

Polar red (B, 3B, G) 


37 












5, 37- 












Polar yellow (2G, SG, R, G). 
Printing violet R 


5, 37 












119.. 












Rapid printing orange 

Rapid printing scarlet 

Rayon black (B, MS) 

Rayon Bordeaux (B, 3B) 

Rayon brown (G, M) 

Rayon navy blue N 


X 












X 












54 












54 












54 












54 












Rayon violet (B, 3B, 4R) 

Resin brilliant orange RR 

Resin brilliant red R.. _. 


54 












119.. 












119 












Resin brilliant scarlet 6G 


119 












119. - 












Resin violet B 


119 












Resorcin brown YX 


44 












Rhodamine 6GDN 


X 












Rosanthrene (A, R) 


54 












Roto orange (IT, IPI) 


69 












54 












Safranine 8B.. 


119... 












Silk black 4BF 


37 












Silk blue (lOG, 3G) 


54 












Silk brown (R, G, B) 

Silk red (lOB, 2B) _ 


37, X 












X 












Silk white blue 


69 












Silk yellow N 


X... 












Sudan blue G -- 


69 












Sudan orange (G, RT) 

Sudan red BB 


69 












69 












Sudan vellow (2G, R) 

Sulfon navy blue (2BN, 

4B). 
Sulfon orange G .. 


69 












69 












69 












Sulfon vellow R. .. 


69 












Supranol red (PBX, PQ, 

PRX, R). 
Thionine blue GA 


69 












X 












Toluene azo b-naphthol 

Union fast gray 


X.. 












119 














69 












Vat black 


155 












Vat red... 


155... 












Victoria fast violet 


X 












V^ictoria pure blue (BOA, 
BGO). 


69 












X 












Vulcan blue G... 


5 












Wool blue (CG, CB). 

Wool fast orange O 


119 












69 














119 














119 












Wool red special. 


138 












Zambesi black (BG, PC, 

V, D, VD). 
All other 


5, 37, 69, 119 












54, X 












Total unclassified dyes. 
Grand total of dyes 














7, 780, 464 


7, 734, &81 


$7, 794, 740 


$1.01 










100, 952, 778 


98, 238, 398 


43, 102, 469 


.439 




Color Lakes 
Black lakes 


41, 98, X, X, X, X, 
X. 

24, 30, 41, 57, 82, 96, 
98.99,101,111,162, 
171, 179, 195, X, 
X, X, X, X, X, 
X, X, X, X, X, X. 






151, 111 
754, 614 


163, 875 
757, 961 


115. 224 
649, 540 


.703 




Blue lakes. 


.857 









30 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



Table 7. — Dyes and other finished coal-tar products: Production and sales, 1933 — 

Continued 



Name of product 



Manufacturers' 
identification 
number (accord- 
ing to list on p. 45) 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



Color Lakes— Continued 
Eosine lakes 



Green lakes 



Lithol red lakes. 



Maroon lakes. 



Orange lakes. 



Para red lakes. 



Red lakes. 



Scarlet lakes. 



Violet lakes. 



Yellow lakes. 



Other lakes. 



Total color lakes. 



Photographic Chemicals 



Catechol (pyrocatechin) 

Diaminophenol hydrochlo- 
ride (amidol). 
Hydroquinol 

p-Hydroxy pheriylglycine 

Methyl p-aminophenol sul- 
fate (metol) (rhodol). 



Total photographic 
chemicals. 

Medicin.\ls 



Acetanilide, USP 

Acet phenetidin 

Acetyl-p-aminophenyl sali- 
cylate (salophen). 



24, 30, 57, 92, 98, 99, 
101, 111, 162, 171, 
179, X, X, X, X, 
X. X, X, X, X, X. 

3, 24, 30, 41, 57, 82, 
92, 96, 9.S, 99, 101, 
111. 140, 162, 179, 
195, X, X, X, X, 
X, X, X, X, X, 
XXX 

24^ 41, 82, 92, 96, 9S, 
99, 101, 103, 111, 
140, 162, 179, 195, 
X, X, X, X, X, 
X, X, X. X, X. 

3, 24, 30, 57, 82, 96, 
98.99, 101, 10.3, 111, 
114, 140, 162, 179, 
195, X, X, X, X, 
X, X, X, X. 

3, 24, 30, 41, 57, 92, 
96, 98, 101, 111, 162, 
171, 179, 195, X, 
X, X, X, X, X, 
X, X, X, X, X, 
X. 

3, 24, 30, 57, 82, 92, 
96, 98, 99, 101, 103, 
111, 140, 162, 179, 
195, X, X, X, X, 
X, X, X, X, X, 
X, X. 

24, 30, 41, 57, 82, 96, 
98, 99, 101, 103, 111, 
114, 140, 162, 171, 
179, 195, X, X, X, 
X, X, X, X, X, 
X, X. X, X, X. 

3, 24. 30, 57, 82, 96, 
98, 99, 101, 103, 140, 
162, 179, X, X, X, 
X, X, X, X, X, 
X. 

24, .30, 41, 55, 57, 82, 
92,95,98, 101, 103, 
111, 162, 171, 179, 
195, X, X, X, X, 
X X X X X 

30^ 41, 82, 92, 98, 99, 
111, 162, 171, X,X, 
X, X, X, X, X, 
XXX 

30, 98, '103^ 111, X, 
X, X, X, X. 



134. 
67.. 



64, 58, 187, X, X.... 

54,58,87, X 

54, 58, 87, 194 



38, 53, 93, 113, 123, X. 

53, X 

X 



Pounds 
369, 262 



350, 934 

836, 544 
600, 324 
503, 938 

1, 196, 669 

1. 566, 232 

510, 908 

422. 430 

357, 887 
63, 460 



Pounds 
374, 104 



347, 019 



806, 749 



50-1, 236 



607, 984 



1, 180, 080 



1, 578, 203 



491, 378 



438, 806 



365, 067 



69, 020 



$370, 534 



342, 214 



490, 002 



503, 626 



172, 520 



560, 327 



1, 218. 634 



232, 688 



309, 155 



232, 775 



27, 139 



.990 



7, 584, 313 



7, 674, 481 



5. 224, 377 



.607 
.999 
.340 

.475 

.772 

.474 
.705 

.638 

.460 
.690 



580, 616 



537, 213 



405, 743 



,755 



825, 887 



688, 976 



678, ,564 



510, 353 



617, 840 



128, 503 



,208 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



31 



Table 7. — Dyes and other finished coal-tar products: Production and sales, 193S — 

Continued 



Name of product 



Manufacturers' 
identifieation 
number (accord- 
ing to list on p. 45) 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



Medicinals— Continued 

Acetyl salicylic acid (aspirin) . 

Acid sulfosalicylic 

Acriflavine. (See3:6-Diami- 
no-10-methyl acridine chlo- 
ride) 

Acriviolet - 

Ambazin 

p- Aminobenzoyldiethylami- 

no-ethanol (procaine). 
p-Aminobenzoyldimethyl- 
aminomethyl butanol hy- 
drochloride (tutocain). 
Aminopyrine. (See 4-Di- 
methylamino antipyrine 
(ampydin).) 

Antipyrine .- 

Arsphenamine 

Aspirin. (See Acetyl sali- 
cylic acid.) 

Benzaldehyde, USP 

Benzocaine. (See Ethyl-p- 
aminobenzoate (anesthe- 
sine).) 

Benzoic acid, USP 

Benzoyl-tetramethyldiami- 
no-ethylisopropanol hydro- 
chloride. 

Benzyl succinate 

Bismuth betanaphthol 

Bismuth tribromophenol . _ - 
Borocaine. (See Ethocaine 
borate.) 

Brilliant green 

Butyn hydrochloride 

Caffeine sodium benzoate 

Calcium iodoxybenzoate 

ChloramineT. (SeeSodium- 
p-toluene sulfochlora- 
mide.) 
Cinchophen. (See 2-Phenyl 
quinioline-4-carboxylic acid 
phenyl-cinchoninic acid.) 

Creosote carbonate 

m-Cresyl acetate 

3:6-Diamino acridine sulfate 

(proflavine). 
3:6-Diamino-10-methyl acri- 
dine chloride (acriflavine). 

Dibenzyl succinate 

Dibromooxymercurifluore- 
scein, sodium salt (mercu- 
rochrome) . 
Di-n-butyl-p-aminobenzoate- 
trinitrophenol (butesin pi- 
crate) . 
n-Diethylaminoisopentyl-8- 
amino-6-methoxy qui no- 
line. 
4-Dimethylamino antipyrine 
(aminopyrine) (ampydin). 
Disodiumhydroxymercuri- 
salicyloxy acetate (mercu- 
rosal). 
Ethocaine borate (borocaine) 
Ethyl-p-amino benzoate 
(benzocaine) (anethesine). 
Formidine. (See Methyl- 
ene disalicylic acid deriva- 
tives). 
Gamma-diethylaminopro- 
pylcinnamate hydrochlo- 
ride (apothesine) . 

Gentian violet 

Guaiacol liquid 

Hexylresorcinol : 



53, X, X, X. 
X.-. - 



Pounds 
3, 153, 796 



Pounds 
3, 010, 090 



$1,850,206 



$0. 615 



119. 

119 

1, 127, X, X- 



9,402 



8,359 



223, 505 



26.74 



53_ 

1, 52, 108, X, X, X, X 



65, 79 . 



54, 83, X, X- 
X 



156, X 
123, X 
X 



119- 
1.-. 
123. 
X.. 



79 

X 

1, 119_ 

1, 119.. 



156. 
85-- 



119, X- 



131- 



1, 21, 65, 127, X, X, 
X. 



131- 



119... 
79, X. 
X.— 



301 



125. 99 



7,633 



24, 383 



4.45 



32 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



Table 7. — Dyes and other finished coal-tar products: Production and sales, 1933 — • 

Continued 



Name of product 



Manufacturers' 
identification 
number (accord- 
ing to list on p. 45) 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



Medicinals— Continued 



Hydroxyquinoline 

o-Iodobenzoic acid 

Lithium benzoate 

Magnesium salicylate 

Mercurochrome. (See Di- 

bromo-oxymercurifluore- 

scein sodium salt.) 
Mercurosol. (See Disodium 

hydroxymercurisalicyloxy 

acetate.) 

Methyl blue 

Methyl violet 

p-Methylphenyl cinchoninic 

ethyl ester (neocinchophen) 
Methylene-citrylsalicylic 

acid. 
Methylene disalicylic acid 

derivative (formidine). 
Monoglycol ester of salicylic 

acid (spirosal). 
Neoarsphenamine — 



Neocinchophen. (See p- 
Methylphenyl cinchoninic 
ethyl ester.) 

Parafuchsine- 

p-Phenetylurea --, 

Phenobarbital - 



Phenolphthalein 

Phenolsulfonates (calcium, 

sodium, zinc, etc.). 
b-Phenyl isopropyl amine ... 
2-Phenylquinoline-4-carbox- 

ylicacid (cinchophen) 

(phenyl cinchoninic acid). 
Procaine. (Seep-Aminoben- 

zoyldiethylaminoethanol.) 
Proflavine. (See 3:6 Diami- 
ne acridine sulfate.) 
Pyraniidon and trichloro- 

ethyl alcohol urethane 

compounds. 

Pyridium 

Resorcinol, USP 

Resorcinol monoacetate 

Salicylic acid, USP 

Salicyl aldehyde 

SaloL- — 

Salophen. (See Acetyl-p- 

aminophenyl salicylate.) 

Scarlet red 

Silver arsphenamine 

Sodium salicylate 

Sodium p-toluene sulfo- 

chloramide(chloramineT). 

Strontium salicylate 

Sulfoarsphenamine 

Theobromine and sodium 

salicylate. 
Tetraiodophenolphthalein 

sodium salt (iodeikon) (an- 

tinosin). 
p-Toluene sulfodichlora- 

mide (dichloramine T). 

Trypan blue 

Trypan red 

Yatrcn acid 



Total medicinals. 



Pounds 



Pounds 



58 

58 

113 

53, 79, 108- 



X. 

119 

1, 21, X. 



3,911 



131. 



1, 52, 108, X, X, X, 
X. 



4,539 



119... - 

58.- 

1, 21, 108, X, X, X, 
X. 

93, 137, X 

108, X .- 



X 

1, 21, 137, X. 



54, 714 
452, 062 



145 

54, 134 . 
58, 156 . 
53, 79, X. 

54 

53 



2, 119, 727 



119 

X.. 

53, 79, X- 
X 



79 

1, 108, X, X, X, X. 
123 



58, 119 



119- 
119. 
X-. 



361, 275 



5,566 



$82, 251 



$14. 78 



4,761 



717,698 



60, 197 
451,418 



420, 842 
197, 493 



6.99 
.437 



1, 851, 752 



511,801 



.276 



328 



8, 715, 027 8, 070, 411 



134, 860 



.360 



65, 532 



199. 79 



6, 827, 682 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



33 



Table 7. — Dyes and other finished coal-tar products: Production and sales, 1933 — • 

Continued 



Name of product 



FLAVORS 

Coumarin (synthetic). 

Ethyl benzoate 

Ethyl cinnamate 

Ethyl salicylate 

Ethyl vanillin 

Methyl cinnamate 

Methyl salicylate 

Saccharin 

Vanillin 



Total flavors. 



Perfume Materials 



Acetophenone 

Amyl cinnamic aldehyde 

Amyl salicylate 

Benzal glycerin.. 

Benzophenone 

Benzyl acetate 

Benzyl alcohol 

Benzyl benzoate 

Benzyl butyrate 

Benzyl cinnamate 

Benzyl formate 

Benzyl isoeugenol 

Benzyl propionate 

Benzyl salicylate 

Benzyl valerate _ 

Cinnamic acid 

Cinnamic alcohol 

Cinnamic aldehyde 

Cinnamyl propionate 

Cinnamyl valerianate 

p-Cresyl acetate 

p-Cresylphenyl acetate 

Diamyl phthalate 

Diethyl phthalate 

Dimethyl anthranilate 

Dimethylbenzyl carbinol 

Dimethyl hydroquinone 

Dimethyl phthalate 

Diphenylmethane 

Diphenyl oxide 

Ethyl anthranilate 

p-Hydroxy benzoic acid es- 
ters (asepto(orm). ' 

Isobutyl anthranilate 

Isobutyl indol 

Isobutylphenyl acetate 

Isobutyl salicylate 

Linalyl anthranilate 

Linalyl benzoate 

Linalyl cinnamate 

Methyl acetophenone 

Methyl anthranilate 

Methyl benzoate 

Methyl p-cresol 

Methylphenyl acetate,. 

Methylphenyl carbinyl ace- 
tate. 

Musk ambrette 

Musk ketone.. 

Musk xylol 

b-Naphthyl ethyl ether 

b-Naphthyl methyl ether 

Phenylacetic acid 

Phenylacetic ketone 

Phenylethyl acetate 

Phenylethyl alcohol 

Phenylethyl anthranilate 

Phenylethyl butyrate 

Phenylethylphenyl acetate. - 



Manufacturers' 
identification 
number (accord- 
ing to list on p. 45) 



53, 54, 62, 113, X 

62, X _- 

62,65,66 

53, 62, X 

65. 

62,66, 182 

53,79, X 

X 

65, 113, X, X, X. 



62,66, X,X... 

62, 65, X, X, X, X... 

62, 161, X, X 

X 

54,62,65,66. 

62,161 

62,83,161 

62,65,161 

X 

62 

X 

186 

62, X, X, X. 

186, X 

X 

65,66 

66 

62,65,X,X 

X 

X.... -.- 

66 

62 

97, X 

x,x,x 

X 

62 

54 

97,X,X,X 

X 

53,X 

X 

65 



62 

62, X, X 

X 

186 

186 

186 

62, 66, X 

53 

65,66 

X 

1, 62, 66, X, X. 
66 



65 

65 

65 

66.- -. 

66 - 

66 

62 

62, X 

53, 62, 182, X. 

186 

X 

X 



Production 



Pounds 
140, 512 



1, 115, 154 
"""i95,'8ii" 



32, 159 



130 



Sales 



Quantity 



Pounds 
124, 054 



320 



1, 146, 064 
'""i9i,"039' 



1, 739, 509 



3,738 
30, 370 



185 



61, 852j 



Value 



$300, 819 



290 



354, 191 
"775,"239 



1, 796, 663 



3,717 
62, 985 



6,729 



13, 822 



Unit 
value 



.906 



.309 
4.065 



.994 
2.07 



2.09 



.223 



34 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



Table 7. — Dyes and other finished coal-tar products: Production and sales, 1933 — ' 

Continued 





Name of product 


Manufacturers' 
identification 
number (accord- 
ing to list on p. 45) 


Production 


Sales 




Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 




Perfume Materials— Con. 


X 


Pound* 


Pounds 








Phenylethyl valerianate 

Prophenyl guaethol 

Total perfume mate- 
rials. 

Coal-Tar Synthetic Resins 

Derived from coumarone and 

indene. 
Derived from maleic acid 


X 












65 
























1, 420, 501 


1,225,929 


$687, 141 


$0,561 




18, 122, X 
















78, 120 












20, 33, 39, 42, 46, 91. 
109, 120, 170, 190, 
X, X, X, X, X, 
X, X, X, X, X. 

46, 107, 148, 151, 170, 
175, 185, X, X, X. 

8, 20, 54, X, X, X... 


25, 162, 689 

6, 535, 081 
9, 930, 705 


21,850,541 

6, 152, 258 
3, 654, 854 


5,382,721 

1, 181, 949 
673, 890 


.246 




Derived from phenol and/or 
ere sol. 

Derived from phthalic an- 
hydride. 

Total' . . -- 


.192 
.184 




41,628,485 


31, 657, 653 


7, 238, 560 


.229 




Miscellaneous Coal-Tar 
Products 

Aliphatic thiocyanates (in- 
secticides). 

Benzoate of ammonia 

Benzoate of soda 


152 
















X 












53, 54, 79, 83, X, X.. 
X 


1,113,449 


1, 165, 621 


306, 305 


.263 










Biological stains and chemi- 
cal indicators. 


40, 85, 100, 119, 144. 












65 












Diazo salts: 

Fast black salt B 


119 . - 












Fast blue salt B 


69 . 












Fast blue salt BB 

Fast blue salt BN 

Fast blue salt 3BV 

Fast Bordeaux salt OP... 

Fast orange salt GC 

Fast red salt A L 


119 












119. 












119 












69, 119 












119 












119 












Fast red salt B 


69, 119 












Fast red salt G 


119 












Fast red salt 3G . . 


119 












Fast red salt OL . 


69 


. 










Fast red salt 3GL 

Fast red salt TR 


69 












119 












Fast scarlet salt GO 

Fast scarlet salt R 

Gases (poisonous, tear, etc.): 

Chloroacetophenone 

Chloropicrin 


69,119 












69, 119 












174, X 












14 












Diphenylamine chlorar- 
sine. 
Hexalin 


134 












54 . . 












Methyl hexalin.. 


54 












Naphthanil red for printing.. 
Naphthanil scarlet for print- 
ing. 
Naphthol AS series 


54. 












54 














459, 314 
307, 686 


459, 498 
318, 141 


758, 270 
414, 698 


1.65 




b-Hydroxy naphthoic 

anilide. 
Naphthol jVS 


54, 69, 119. 


1.30 




6 






Naphthol AS, BO 

Naphthol AS, BS 

Nathphol AS, BR 

Naphthol AS, D 

Naphthol AS, OL 

Naphthol AS, PH 

Naphthol AS, RL 

Naphthol AS, SW 


69. 












69, 119.... 












69 












69, 119 












69 












69 












69 












6,69,119 











*Does not include coumarone and Indene resins or resins derived from maleic acid. 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



35 



Table 7. — Dyes and other finished coal-tar 'products: Production and sales, 1933 — • 

Continued 





Name of product 


Manufacturers' 
identification 
number (accord- 
ing to list on p. 45) 


Production 


Sales 




Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 




Miscellaneous Coal-Tar 
Products— Continued 

Quinhydrone 


X 


Pounds 


Pounds 








Rapid fast colors: 

Rapid fast orange G, RH. 

Rapid fast red G, GL 

Rapid fast red GZH 

Rapid fast red RH 

Rapid fast scarlet GG, 
ILH. 

Rapidogene colors: 

Rapidogene blue BN 

Rapidogene blue R 

Rapidogene G dbl 

Rapidogene orange G 

Rapidogene red G 

Rapidogene red GS 

Rapidogene scarlet R 

Rapidogene scarlet RS... 

Rapidogene yellow G 

Rapidogene yellow GS_.. 

Research chemicals 


45, 69, 119 












45, 69, 119 












45,69. 












45, 69 












69, 119 












69 












69 












45, 69 












69 












69. 












69 












69 










69 












69 












69 












58, 67, 174 












Synthetic tanning materials.. 
Tetralin 


18, 37, 124, 152, 155... 












54 












Textile assistants . 




642, 375 


622, 164 


$232. 750 


$0 374 




Alkanols . 


54 








54 












Hydropthol 


54. 












Isomerpin 


54 












Isopan. 


54.. 












Isopropyl naphthalene 

sulfonic acid. 
Merpentine. 


119 












54 












Nekal A.. 


69 












Nekal BX 


69 












Neomerpins 


54 












Potts emulsifier. 


54.. 












Tensol paste 


X 






:::::::::::: 






Tetrausse . ... 


54 












Total miscellaneous 
coal-tar products. 














13, 340, 514 


12, 896, 810 


3, 437, 421 


.266 









Production of Dyes by Classes of Application 

The dyes produced in the United States in 1933, classified according 
to method of application, were: (1) Acid dyes, (2) basic dyes, (3) 
direct dyes, (4) lake and spirit-soluble dyes, (5) mordant and chrome 
dyes, (6) sulfur dyes, and (7) vat dyes, subdivided into indigo and 
other vats. The classification of a dye in any one of these groups 
must necessarily be arbitrary in certain instances, because a dye may 
have properties which permit of its application by more than one 
method. 



36 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



Table 8. — Comparison of production and sales of dyes by classes of application, 

1925-30, 1932, and 1933 





Production 


Class of application 


Quantity 


Percent of total 




1925-30 
average 


1932 


1933 


1925-30 


1932 


1933 


Add 


Pounds 
11,813,941 

4, 833, 382 
17, 983, 751 

1,947,124 

3,611,608 
20, 004, 635 
33, 221, 072 
27,128,311 

6, 092, 761 
587, 657 


Pounds 
8, 343, 000 
3, 509, 000 
16, 600, 000 
3, 274, 000 
2, 920, 000 
15, 195, 000 
20, 763, 000 
13, 752, 000 
7, 010, 000 
666, 000 


Pounds 
11,999,772 

4, 645, 550 
21,704,072 

3, 209, 242 

5, 318, 385 
20, 188, 008 
33, 093, 422 
23, 412, 400 

9, 681, 022 
794, 327 


12.57 
5.14 
19.13 
2.07 
3.84 
21.28 
35. 34 
28.86 
6.48 
.63 


11.71 
4.92 
23.29 
4.59 
4.10 
21.32 
29.13 
19.29 
9.84 
.94 


11. 8f 




4.60 




21.50 




3.18 




5.27 




20.00 


Vats (including indigo) 


32.78 




23.19 


(6) Other vats -- 


9.59 




.78 






Total --- --- 


94, 003, 170 


71, 269, 000 


100, 952, 778 


100. 00 


100.00 


100. 00 









Sales 


Class of application 


Quantity 


Percent of total 




1925-30 
average 


1932 


1933 


1925-30 


1932 


1933 


Add 


Pounds 
11,699,667 

4, 709, 926 
17, 580, 927 

1, 896, 821 

3, 558, 732 

19, 810, 565 

32, 429, 018 

27,111,575 

5, 317, 443 
521, 625 


Pounds 
8, 538, 000 
3, 397, 000 
16, 350, 000 
2, 980, 000 
3, 167, 000 
14, 747, 000 
23, 796, 000 
16, 322, 000 
7, 475, 000 
615, 000 


Pounds 
11,923,201 
4, 415, 487 

21, 674, 210 
2,951,979 
5, 468, 641 

18, 989, 801 
32, 042, 801 

22, 500, 721 
9, 542, 080 

772, 278 


12.69 

5.11 

19.07 

2.06 

3.86 

21.48 

35.17 

29.40 

5.77 

.56 


11.60 

4.62 

22.22 

4.05 

4.30 

20.04 

32.34 

22.18 

10.16 

.83 


12.14 




4.49 


Direct - - - 


22.06 




3.00 




5.57 


Sulfnr 


19.33 


Vats (including indigo). .. . - 


32.62 


(a) Indigo -. .. . 


22. 91 


(6) Other vats 


9.71 




.79 






Total 


92, 207, 281 


73, 591, 000 


98, 238, 398 


100.00 


100. 00 


100. 00 









Sales 


Class of application 


Value 


Percent of total 




1925-30 
average 


1932 


1933 


1925-30 


1932 


1933 


Add 


$8, 651, 526 
3, 977, 258 
9, 076, 783 
1,681,736 
2, 212, 390 
3, 928, 982 
9,114,973 
.3,741,314 
5, 373, 659 
784,604 


$5, 573, 000 
2, 956, 000 
7, 860, 000 
2, 186, 000 
1,904,000 
2, 636, 000 
8, 539, 000 
2, 487, 000 
6, 052, 000 
1,290,000 


$8, 298, 064 
4, 043, 067 

10, 770, 663 
2, 362, 932 

2, 384, 753 

3, 516, 559 
10, 980, 385 

3, 506, 985 

7, 473, 400 

746, 146 


21.94 
10.09 
23.02 
4.27 
5.61 
9.96 
23.12 
9.49 
13.63 
1.99 


16.92 
8.97 

23.86 
6.63 
5.78 
8.00 

25.92 
7.55 

18.37 
3.92 


19.25 


Basic 


9.38 


Direct 


24.99 


liSke and spirit-soluble. - 


5.48 


Mordant and chrome 


5.53 


Sulfur 


8.16 


Vats (including indigo) ..- 


25.48 


(a) Indigo 


8.14 


(6) Other vats 


17.34 


Uoclassified 


1.73 






Total 


39, 428, 252 


32, 944, 000 


43, 102, 469 


100.00 


100.00 


100.00 







PART III 
SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS OF NON-COAL-TAR ORIGIN 

The 98 domestic firms manufacturing synthetic organic chemicals 
not derived from coal tar report a production of 771,574,595 pounds 
or 27 percent increase over 1930. Sales of 542,679,454 pounds, valued 
at $55,604,615, represent an increase of 24 percent in quantity and 
a decrease of 15 percent in value as compared with 1930. Although 
305 chemicals are included in this group, 31 of them account for 
seven-eighths of the total production. The 8 tonnage items for which 
separate data are published account for nearly half of the total and 
the remaining 23 account for 40 percent. In value of sales, the 31 
leading products accoiuit for 77 percent of total sales, and 7 of the 8 
for which data are shown account for 27 percent. 

The difference between production and sales percentages repre- 
sented by these products is due to consumption by the producers in 
the manufacture of other products. 

Outstanding increases in 1933 as compared with 1930 are shown 
for acetaldehyde, acetone, monochloroacetic acid, crotonaldehyde^ 
citral, diethyl sulfate, ethyl alcohol, ethyl chloride, formaldehyde, 
formic acid, isobutyl alcohol, isopropyl acetate, isopropyl alcohol, 
methanol and tetraethyl lead. 

Synthetic medicinals of non-coal-tar origin are listed separately for 
the first time. The barbituric acid derivatives, an important class of 
products in this group, account for more than 50 percent of the total 
sales value. Sales of these derivatives totaled 69,018 pounds, valued 
at $555,757, in 1933 as compared with 18,932 pounds, valued at 
$248,893, in 1930. During the same period the imit value of sales 
declined from $13.17 to $8.05 per pound. 

Sales of synthetic resins not of coal-tar origin increased 82 percent 
in quantity and 119 percent in value over the preceding year. Sep- 
arate data for resins from urea and thiourea are shown for the first 
time. 

37 



38 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



Table 9. — Synthetic organic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin: Production and sales, 

1933 

[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on 
p. 45. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification 
number with the designated product. A blank in the third column indicates that the production 
figure cannot be published without revealing information in regard to the output of individual firms. 
A blank in the fourth and fifth columns indicates that the sales of the corresponding product cannot 
be published without revealing information in regard to the individual firms. The figures thus con- 
cealed are, however, included in the total] 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tification number 
(according to list on 
p. 45) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Grand total 




Pounds 

771, 574, 595 


Pounds 
542, 679, 454 


$55, 604, 615 


$0. 102 




89, 124, 169, X, X 

124 






40, 795, 528 


















7, 58, X 












89, 124, X, X - . 












53,58,69, X, X, X 

97 


57, 885, 123 


8, 466, 135 


1, 204, 377 


.142 








43, 143, X, X 




42, 205, 443 


3, 047, 923 


.072 




58 -. 








54 












X 












X 










Amyl acetate and sec amyl acetate. 
Amyl alcohol (n, sec, and tertiary) 


54, 64, 97, 143, 158, 159, 

184, X, X. 
97, 143, 158, 159, 184, 

X, X, X, X. 
158 


4, 616, 564 


8, 075, 080 


815, 882 


.101 


Amylamine (mono, di, and tri) 










Amyl butyrate . 


26 










Amyl caproate 


X 










Amyl laurate 


X. 










Amyl mercaptan 


158 










Amyl myristate . . . 


X 










Anethol -- 


62,65,78, 105, 129, X.. 
62,65, X 


11, 776 


7,067 


5,406 


.765 


Aubepine (anisic aldehyde) 




Bromocamphor -. . 


53, 108 










Butyl acetate (n and sec) -. 


43, 54, 64, 116, 143, 159, 

184, 194, X, X, X, X. 

43, 143, 159, X, X, X,. 

43, X 


32,608,424 
39, 734, 513 


27, 717, 540 
27, 492, 432 


2,483,022 
2, 235. 761 


.090 


Butyl alcohol (n, sec, and tertiary) 

(butanol). 
Butyl aldehyde 


.081 


Butyl aldehyde amines 


54 










n-Butyi bromide 


58 










Butyl lactate 


43 










Butyl propionate 


184, 194, X... 










Butyl stearate . 


43, 97 . . . 












194, X, X 










Butyric anhydride.- 


X. 











Caffeine, synthetic 


113, X.. 










Calcium citrate (fermentation) 


137— 










Calcium gluconate 


137 










Calcium lactate 


10 










Calcium malate 


119.- 










Camphor, synthetic 


54. 












108 - 










n-Caproic acid 


108, 134, X 












62 . . 










Capryl butyric ether 


62 










Carbon bisulfide on methylene 


153 










dipiperidine. 


53, 125, 176, 192, X 

53 


35,707,211 


31,139,594 


1,352,694 


.043 


Chloroacetic acid (mono) 




Chloroacetone 


58 










Chlorobutanol-^ 


X 










Chloroform (tech. and USP) 


25, 53, 54, 192 


2, 128, 767 
22, 177 


1, 476, 020 
20,937 


236, 299 
34,204 


.160 


Citral 


26, 54, 105, 182, X, X, 

X. 
38, 137. . . . 


1 63 


Citric acid (fermentation) 




Citronellal 


X 










CitrOnellol -.. 


62, 66, 182, X 










Citronellyl acetate 


§2 










Crotonaldehyde 


124, X 










Decyl alcohol- 


62 










Decyl aldehyde 


62 










Diacetone alcohol 


43 










Diacetyl 


X.. 










n-Dibutylamine. 


54 











DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



39 



Table 9. — Synthetic organic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin: Production and sales, 

i 555— Continued 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tification number 
(according to list on 
p. 45) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Dibutyl carbinol 


X- 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Dibutvlditliiocarbamate sodium 


X -.. 










Dibutvl ketone. '.. 


X 










Dichlorodifluoromethane 1 94 










Dichloroethyl ether.-,- 


X--- 










Dichloromet hyl sulfide - 


x_ 










Dichlorotetrafluoroethane - - 


94 










Diethanolamine 


X 










Diethyl succinate 


X. 










Diethyl sulfate 


184, X..- 










Diethylene glycol 


X - 










Diethylene glycol monobutvl ether- 


X 










Diethylene glycol monoethyl ether- 


X 










Diethylene glycol monoethyl ether 


X.-- 










acetate. 
Diethylene glycol monomethyl 


X 










ether. 
Diethylene oxide (dioxan) 


X 










Dihydrovanillone 


62- 










Dihydroxy citronellic ketone 


62 










Diisobutylene 


159 










Dimethyl ether 


54 -. 










Dimethylglyoxime 


7,58 - 










Dimethyl sulfate 


54 










Dipropvl ketone 


X, X 










Epichlorohydrin 


54 










Ethoxy acetic acid 


X 










Ethyl acetate (85 percent) 


43, 54, 62, 64, 116, 143, 

184, 191, X, X. 
X, X -. 


41, 121, 394 


25, 234, 242 


$1,739,918 


$0,069 


m 

Ethyl acetoacetate 




Ethyl acrylate 


X 










Ethyl alcohol (synthetic) -- 


X- 










Ethyl bromide 


63, X-.- -.-. 










Ethyl butyl alcohol 


X 










Ethyl butyrate ..- 


26, 62, X, X, X, X, X- 
X 


46, 023 








Eth vl carbonate 








Ethyl chloride 


53, 54, X 











Ethyl chlorocarbonate 


X 










Ethyl ether (tech., USP and ab- 
solute). 
Ethyl formate 


108, X, X, X, X 

62, 66, 108, X, X, X, X. 
X- 


7, 494, 705 
4,465 


5, 286, 846 
3,146 


1, 146, 432 
1,906 


.217 
.606 


a-Ethyl hexanal --- 




a- E t hyl hexanol - 


X 










a-Ethylhexyl acetate 


X 










Ethyl iodide 


58, 108, X 










Ethyl isobutyrate 


X 










Ethyl isovalerate 


62, X, X ... 




494 


813 


1.65 


Ethyl ketone 


54 






Ethyl lactate 


8 










Ethyl laurate.- -- -_- 


62 










Ethyl malonate (mono) 


1 










Ethyl mvristate 


X 










Ethyl nitrite 


108, X, X 


19, 271 


19, 103 


11,680 


.611 


Ethyl oenanthate 


62, X, X 




Ethyl oxalate 


X, X 










Ethyl oxyhydrate . 


62 . 










Ethyl pelargonate 


26, 62 










Ethyl propionate 


62, 184, X 










Ethyl valerate . 


62, X, X, X 










Ethylamine. --- 


23 










Ethylene chlorohydrin 


X ... 










Ethylenediamine 


23, X 










Ethylene dibromide . 


29, 53 










Ethylene dichloride 


53, X 










Ethylene glycol 


X 










Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether 


X 










Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether 


X 










Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether 


X, X 










acetate (cellosolve acetate). 
Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether- 


X 










Ethvlene glycol monomethyl ether 


X, X 










acetate (methyl cellosolve acetate) . 
Ethylene oxide 


X 










Ethylidin diacetate 


X 










Formaldehyde (40 percent) 


51, 54, 79, X, X. 

54, 188, X 


52, 236, 203 


46, 423, 621 


2, 122, 925 


.046 


Formic acid (90 percent) 





40 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



Table 9. — Stjnthetic orgariic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin: Production and sales, 

1933 — Continued 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tification number 
(according to list on 
p. 45) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 




146 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Furfural derivatives: 
























(c) Tetrahydrofurfuryi alcohol. 












83 












58, 108, X 


265,402 
196, 416 










64, 62, 66, 105, 182, 186, 

X, X, X. 
62, 186 


157,407 


$257, 686 


$1.64 








62 












62 












62 












137 












65, X, X . 


15, 894 


13, 182 


22,980 


1.74 




X 






X 












53, 54 . 




1 




54, 79, 153 




j 




X 










X, X 










Higher alcohols (containing more 
than 5 carbon atoms) . 


541 










54 










Hydroxyamines (mono, di, and tri). 
Hydro.xylamine hydrochloride 


X 










7 -. .- 






: 


54 






1 




123 . 






1 




54, 113, 182, X, X 

X, X, X 


29, 322 
17, 291 
11, 698 


28, 009 

17, 830 

8,965 

202 


86,616! 3.09 




5, 437 1 . 305 




62, X, X, X, X 

X, X, X 


7,082 ! .791 




201 .995 




X, X 








X 










54 










62, X, X 




94 


167 1. 78 




64, X ... 








62, X 










62 










62 








Isoeugenol 


62, X 










184, X, X, X . 






1 


Isopropyl alcohol (isopropanol) 


X, X 






1 




X 








Lactic acid (100 percent) 


10, X, X 










62, 65 








Linalyl formate 


62 








dl-Malic acid 


119 










65, 123 








Methanol , synthetic 


43, 54, 169, X 


66, 099, 718 


74, 814, 686 


3, 297, 060 . 044. 


Methyl acetate 


124, 191, X 




Methyl acetoacetate 


X 








Methyl butyl ketone 


X 








Methyl chloride 


54 








Methyl ethyl ketone 


159, X 








Methyl iodide 


58 






Methyl isobutyl carbinol 


X 






i 


Methyl isobutyl carbinol acetate.. . 


X. 










Methyl isobutyl ketone 


X 










Methyl propyl ketone 


169 










Methyl succinate. 


X. 










Methylamine 


5... 










Methylene citric acid .. 


X. 










Methylene dipiperidine 


153 










Methylene iodide 


X . 










Methylnonyl acetaldehyde 


62 










Monoethanolamine 


X.. 










Nitroamino sulfide . 


119. 










Nonyl alcohol 


62 










Nonvl aldehyde 


62 










sec-Octyl acetate .... 


62. 186... 










n-Octyl alcohol 


62, X,X 










sec-Octyl alcohol (capryl alcohol).. . 


7,62 










Octyl aldehyde 


62 












128, 188, X 


8,843,057 


8,977,003 


897,653 


100' 


Paracetaldehyde.- 


124 





DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



41 



Table 9. — Synthetic organic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin: Production and sale*, 

1933 — Continued 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tification number 
(according to list on 
p. 45) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 




54, 79...- 


Pounds 


Pounds 








X. 












54. 












54 












153 












54, 153.. 












65 












194, X... 












X 












62 












54. . 












58 












X 












23 












53, X . 












X 












X 










Pvrogallol (pvrogallic acid) 


58, 108, X.. 


74,044 


71, 251 


$93, 167 


$1.31 




1 




Rhodinol _ - _ . 


62, 105, 182, 186, X, X, X 
62- 


3,486 


3,279 


42, 610 


12.99 








54 












7 










Sodium formate 


54 












119, 155 










Succinic peroxide 


X 










Sulphated fatty alcohols and acids 
(gardinols) (igepon A, T). 


54, 69 . 










54, X . 












78 












X 












53, 54, 192 . 










Tetraethvl lead 


54 










Tetramethylthiouramsulfide 

Tetramethylthiouramdisulfide 


X 










X, X 










97, X 










Tribromoacetyl aldehyde (bromal)— 
Tribiitylamine 


X 










58 










54, 192, X 












94 












X 










Triethyl citrate 


137 












X 










Triethyltrimet hylenetriamine 


X 










X- 












54 












X. _. 












X 












54, 65, X 












76, 153, X, X, X 












X 










Zinc dimethyldithiocarbamate 

All other 


X, X 










54, 184, X. - - 






















Total 


767,581,144 


538, 995, 482 


52,775,973 


.098 













SYNTHETIC MEDICINALS OP NON-COAL-TAR 


ORIGIN, 


1933 




Acetannin (tannigen) (tannyl ace- 
tate). 


X 








58. - 












X 










Allyl isopropyl acetyl carbamide — 


81 










131 











Barbituric acid derivatives . _ 




78, 645 


69,018 


$555, 757 


$8.05 


Allyl-isopropyl-barbituric acid 
and salts. 

Butyl ethyl barbituric acid and 
salts. 

Calcium isopropyl ethyl barbi- 
turic acid and salts. 

Cyelohexenyl ethyl barbituric 
acid and salts. 

Diallylbarbituric acid and salts. 


81 




1 










X 










X 










X 






i 





42 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



I 



Table 9. — Synthetic organic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin: Production and sales, 

i5S5— Continued 



SYNTHETIC MEDICINALS OF NON-COAL-TAR ORIGIN, 1933— Continued 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tification number 
(according to list on 
p. 45). 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Barbituric acid derivatives— Con. 


131 


Pounds 


Pounds 






salts (dibromin). 
Diethylbarbituric acid and 


1, 81, X, X 










salts. 


X 










ethyl malonic acid. 
Isoamvl ethyl barbituric acid 


104 










and salts. 
Sodium ethyl-I-methyl butyl 


X. 










barbituric acid and salts. 


131 










Bromodiethvlacetylearbamide 


X 










Calcium dibromobchenate 


X 










Calfium fndohpbpnat.p. 


X 










Chaulmoogric ester 


X. .. -. 










Chloral hydrate 


X, X.... .... 










Chloroform, USPi .. 


53, 54 - 










Chlorothvmol-,_ _ . -. . 


X 










1:3-Dimeth5'lxanthin sodium ace- 


X 










tate. 
Ether, absolute ^ 


X 










Ethyl chloride 


X . 










Ethyl ether, USP^ . . 


108, X, X, X 










Ethyl glvcollic acid ester of menthol 


X 










Ethylhydrocupreine hydrochloride 


X 










(optochin) . 
Gallic acid, USP. 


58, 108 










Qlycoco] (aminoacetic acid) (gly- 
cine) . 
Glycerophosphoric acid and salts 


53, 58, 135, 174, X 

79, X 


3,224 


3,386 


$16, 561 


$4.89 


Hexamethvlenetetramineanhydro- 


X 










methylene citrate. 
Iodoform . . .... 


108, X . . 










lodomethane sulfate . . 


X .. . 










Lithium lactate 


X 










Methylene citric acid 


X.. 










Sodium-bismuth-thioglycollate 


131 










(thiobismol). 
Sulfoneth vlmethane 


108 










Sulfonmethane 


108 










Tetraethvlammonium hydroxide... 


58 










Tribromomethane (bromoform) 


53, 108 










Tribromoethanol 


X.. 










Tribromotertiarybutyl alcohol 


131 










(brometone) . 
Trichloroacetic acid 


53 










Trichloro-butyl alcohol (metha- 


X 










form) . 
Trichlorotertiarybutyl alcohol 


131, X. 










(chloretone). 












Total 


421, 734 


427, 561 


1, 083, 540 


2 58 









SYNTHETIC RESINS OP NON-COAL-TAR ORIGIN 



Derived from urea or thiourea 

Another 


173, 181, X, X, X, X.. 


3, 234, 356 
337, 361 


2, 977, 791 
278, 620 


$1, 422, 671 
322. 431 


$0. 478 
1 15 


Derived from vinyl 


X 




Derived from wood rosin- 


78 










methyl alcohol (abalyn). 
Plioform and pliolite-— 


X....^ 










Derived from abalyn-hydrogen- 


78 










nitrogen (hercolyn). 
Derived from petroleum 


X 










Derived from terpenes... 


X.... 






















Total. 


3, 571, 717 


3, 256, 411 


1, 745, 102 


.536 









' See chloroform, tech. 



• See ethyl ether, tech. 



PART IV 
RESEARCH WORK 

Introduction 

In 1933 there were 237 firms manufacturing synthetic organic 
chemicals. Of these, 193 produced coal-tar chemicals, and 98 pro- 
duced non-coal-tar chemicals. There were 114 separately organized 
research laboratories of which 70 were engaged in research on coal-tar 
products and 44 on synthetic organic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin. 

The synthetic organic chemical industry employed 1 ,060 technically 
trained research workers in 1933 whose salaries totaled $3,305,587 
or an averacre of $3,118 per worker. The gross cost of research was 
$6,496,814 and the net cost was $6,163,688. Compared with total 
sales of $124,597,492 the net research expenditure amounted to 
slightly more than 5 percent. 

Dyes and Other Coal-Tar Chemicals 

In 1933 there were 193 firms manufacturing dj^es and other coal- 
tar chemicals, of which 70 reported separately organized research 
laboratories. Of the 166 firms reporting in 1930 only 46 had separate 
research laboratories. 

The gross cost of research, including that done in laboratories not 
separately organized for research, in 1933 was $3,357,897 and the net 
cost $3,135,949, as compared with a gross cost of $3,786,294 and a 
net cost of $3,432,116 in 1930. These costs of research, as reported, 
are no doubt an underestimate of the full cost of research in this 
field, because the figures in all cases do not include the cost of research 
in conjunction with manufacturing operations. 

The industry gave employment to 498 technically trained research 
workers in 1933. Salaries paid to these workers totaled $1,766,818, 
or an average amiual salary of $3,548 per worker. 

Sales of dyes and other finished coal-tar chemicals in 1933 totaled 
$68,992,877. Net research expenditures of $3,135,949 are equivalent 
to 4.5 percent of the total sales as compared with 5.2 percent in 1930 
and 3.8 percent in 1929. 

Synthetic Organic Chemicals not of Coal-Tar Origin 

Of the 98 firms producing synthetic non-coal-tar chemicals in 1933, 
44 had separately organized research laboratories. 

There were 524 technically trained research workers employed at a 
total salary of $1,407,179 or $2,685 annually, per worker. The gross 
cost of research was $2,915,261 and the net cost $2,808,083. These 
costs are undoubtedly an underestimate because they do not include, 
in all cases, the cost of research in conjunction with manufacturing 

operations. 

43 



44 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



inJ-? ^ synthetic organic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin in 

l^SS were $55,604,615. Thus net research expenditures of $2 808 08*? 
were equivalent to 5.5 percent of the total sales. ' 

Coal-Tar and Non-Coal-Tar Chemicals 

A number of firms producing synthetic products both of coal-tar 
and non-coal-tar origm were unable to separate their research costs. 
in this group 38 technically trained research workers were employed 
receivmg $131,591 in salaries or an average of $3,463 per worker 
Ihe gross cost of research was $223,656 and the net cost $219 656 * 



APPENDIX 

Directory of manufacturers of dyes and other synthetic organic chemicals, 1933 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in parentheses if not 
in same city as office) 



Abbott Laboratories 

Alcatraz Co., Inc., The -.. 

Alston Lucas Paint Co 

Althouse Chemical Co 

Amalgamated Dyestuff & Chemical 
Works, Inc. 

American Aniline Products, Inc 

American Chemical Products Co 

American Cyanamid Co 

American Dyewood Co 

American Maize-Products Co. - 

American Tar & Chemical Co 

American Tar Products Co., Inc 

Ansbacher-Siegle Corporation 

Ansul Chemical Co 

Apex Chemical Co., Inc 

Arnold, Hoffman &, Co. Inc 

Bakelite Corporation 

Barrett Co., The 

Bates Chemical Co., Inc 

Beck, Roller & Co., Inc ..- 

Benzol Products Co 

Berkheimer Manufacturing Co., J. E. 

Bersworth Laboratories, F.C 

Brooklyn Color Works, Inc 

Brown Co -. 

Bush & Co., Inc., W. J 

Cabot, Inc., Samuel.- 

Calco Chemical Co., Inc., The 

California Chemical Corporation 

California Ink Co. Inc., The 

Carbide & Carbon Chemicals Corpor- 
ation. 

Carus Chemical Co., Inc 

Catalazuli Manufacturing Co., Inc--- 

Catalin Corporation of America 

Celluloid Corporation 

Chemical Manufacturing Co., Inc 

Cincinnati Chemical Works, Inc 

Citro Chemical Co. of America 

Colasta Co. Inc., The 

Coleman & Bell Co., The 

Collway Colors, Inc 

Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufactur- 
ing Co. 
Commercial Solvents Corporation 

Commonwealth Color & Chemical Co 
Consolidated Color & Chemical Co.- 

Continental-Diamond Fibre Co _ 

Cooks Falls Dye Works, Inc 

Coopers Creek Chemical Co - 

Crown Tar Works (Public Service Co. 
of Colorado). 

Darvin & Nord, Inc 

Delta Chemical & Iron Co 

Diarsenol Co., Inc 

The Dow Chemical Co 

Du Pont de Nemours & Co., E.I 

Dye Specialties Corporation, Inc 

Dyestufls & Chemicals, Inc 

Eakins, Inc., J. S. & W. R. 

Eastman Kodak Co 

Federal Color Laboratories, Inc 

Felton Chemical Co., Inc 

Fine Colors Co 

Florasynth Laboratories, Inc 

Foster-Heaton Co.. 



14th St. and Sheridan Road, North Chicago, 111. 

3200 Williamsburg Ave., Richmond, Va. 

Wade and Currier Sts., Chicago, 111. 

540 Pear St., Reading, Pa. 

75 Hudson St., New York, N.Y. (Newark, N.J.). 

50 Union Square, New York, N.Y. (Lock Haven, Pa.). 

7 Litchfield St., Rochester, N.Y. 

535 Fifth Ave., New York, N.Y. (Warners, N.J.). 

100 E. 42d St., New York, N.Y. (Belleville, N.J.). 

100 E. 42d St., New York, N.Y. (Roby, Ind.). 

424 Canada Cement Co. Building, Montreal, Canada. 

(Duluth, Minn.). 
Koppers Building, Pittsburgh, Pa. 
82 Chestnut Ave., Rosebauk, S.I., N.Y. 
Foot of Stanton St., Marinette, Wis. 

225 W. 34th St., New York, N.Y. (Elizabethport, N.J.). 
55 Canal St., Providence, R.I. (Dighton, Mass.). 
247 Park Ave., New York, N.Y. (Bound Brook, N.J.). 
40 Rector St., New York, N.Y. (plants throughout United 

States). 
Lansdowne, Pa. 

601 Woodward Heights Boulevard, Ferndale, Mich. 
237 South St., Newark, N.J. (Piscataway, N.J.). 
2928 South M St., Tacoma, Wash. 
609 Waverly St., Framingham, Mass. 
129-143 Cherry St., Brooklyn, N.Y. 
404 Commercial St., Portland, Me. (Berlin, N.H.). 
11 E. 38th St., New York, N.Y. (Linden, N.J.). 
141 Milk St., Boston, Mass. (Chelsea, Mass.). 
Bound Brook, N.J. 
220 Bush St., San Francisco, Calif. (Newark and Chula 

Vista, Calif.; Charleston, W.Va.). 
545 Sansome St., San Francisco, Calif. (Berkeley, Calif.). 
30 E. 42d St., New York, N.Y. 

1377 Eighth St., La Salle, 111. 

119-01 Twenty-second Ave., College Point, L.I., N.Y. 

230 Park Ave., New York, N.Y. (Fords, N.J.). 

290 Ferry St., Newark, N.J. 

Ashland, Mass. 

Evanston Station, Box 20, Cincinnati, Ohio (Norwood and 

St. Bernard, Ohio). 
199 Maywood .4ve., Maywood, N.J. 
Mechanic St., Hoosick Falls, N.Y. 
Main and Waverly Aves., Norwood, Ohio. 
15 Market St., Paterson, N.J. 
Hartford, Conn. 

230 Park Ave., New York, N.Y. (Peoria, III.; Terre Haute, 

Ind.). 
Nevins, Butler and Baltic Sts., Brooklyn, N.Y. 
230 Fifth Ave., New York, N.Y. (Rensselaer, N.Y.). 
Newark, Del. 

140 Maiden Lane, New York, N.Y. (Cooks Falls, N.Y.). 
River Road, West Conshohocken, Pa. 
900 15th St., Denver, Colo. 

Foot of Blanchard St., Newark, N.J. 
Wells, Mich. 

771-3 Ellicott Square, Buffalo, N.Y. 
Midland, Mich. 

Du Pont Building, Wilmington, Del. (Belle, W.Va.; Car- 
neys Point and New Brunswick, N.J.; Carrollville, Wis.). 
7 Bennett St., Jersey City, N.J. 
11th and Monroe Sts., St. Louis, Mo. 
55 Berry St., Brooklyn, N.Y. 
343 State St., Rochester, N.Y. 
4633 Forest Ave., Norwood, Ohio. 
599 Johnson Ave., Brooklyn, N.Y. 
21-29 McBride Ave., Paterson, N.J. 
1513 Olmstead Ave., New York, N.Y. 
833-39 Magnolia Ave., Elizabeth, N.J. 

45 



46 DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

Directory of manufacturers of dyes and other synthetic organic chemicals, 1933 — Con. 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in parentheses if not 
in same city as office) 



Franco-American Chemical Works. 
Fries Bros 

Fries & Co., Inc., George G 



Friesland Chemical Co 

Qebauer Chemical Co., The. 
General Aniline Works, Inc.. 



General Electric Co 

General Plastics, Inc 

Glyco Products Co., Inc 

Goodrich Co., The B. F 

Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co., 

Grasselli Chemical Co., The 

Great Western Electro-Chemical Co- 

Hall Co., The C. P 

Hercules Powder Co _ 

Ileyden Chemical Corporation 



Hilton Davis Co., The 

Hofl'mann-La Roche, Inc 

Holland Aniline Dye Co 

Hooker Electrochemical Co 

Huggins <fe Son, James 

Hynson, Westcott & Dunning, Inc. 

Imperial Color Works, Inc 

Industrial DyestufI Co 

Inland Tar Co 

Jasco , Inc 

Jennison-Wright Co., The 

Joanite Corporation 

Johnson & Co., Charles Eneu 

Kavalco Products, Inc 

Kenetic Chemicals, Inc 



Kent Color Corporation 

Kentucky Color & Chemical Co 

Kessler Chemical Corporation 

Kohnstamm & Co., H 

Krebs Pigment & Color Corporation. 

LaMotte Chemical Products 

Lavanburg Co., Fred L 

Lehigh Briquetting Co 



Lewis & Bros. Co., John T. 

Lilly & Co., Eli 

Luedors & Co., George 



Macher & Son, William 

Makalot Corporation 

Mallinckrodt Chemical Works 

Marblette Corporation, The 

Marietta Dye-stuffs Co., The 

Marx Color & Chemical Co., Max 

May, Inc., Otto B 

Maywood Chemical Works 

Mepham Corporation, Geo. S 

Merck & Co., Inc 

Merrimac Chemical Co 

Moser Co., The Charles 

Mutual Chemical Co 

National Aniline <fe Chemical Co., Inc. 

National City Turpentine Co 

Naugatuck Chemical Co., The 

Neville Co., The 

New York Quinine & Chemical 
Works, Inc. 

Niacet (Themicals Corporation 

Niagara Smelting Corporation.. 



Northwestern Chemical Co 

Novocol Chemical Mfg. Co., Inc. 

Oldbury Electro Chemical Co 

Orbis Products Trading Co 

Paramet Chemical Corporation 

Parke, Davis & Co 

Patent Chemicals, Inc 

Peerless Color Co 

Pennsylvania Coal Products Co.. 

Pfanstiehl Chemical Co 

Pfister Chemical Co. 

Pfizer & Co., Inc., Charles 

Pharnia Chemical Corporation... 



Foot of Berry Ave., Carlstadt, N.J. 
.92 Reade St., New York, N.Y. (Bloomfleld, N.J.'i. 
68 Beekman St., New York, N.Y. (11-25 44th Rd., Long 

Island City, N.Y.). 
Friesland, Wis. 

826 Hanna Building, Cleveland, Ohio. 
1150 Broadway, New York, N.Y. (Grasselli, N.J.: Albany, 
N.Y.). 

1 River Rd., Schenectady, N.Y. 
Walek Rd., North Tonawanda, N.Y. 
33 Thirtv-flfth St., Brooklyn, N.Y. 
500 S. Main St., Akron, Ohio. 

1144 E. Market St., Akron, Ohio. 

1400 Guardian Building, Cleveland, Ohio. 

9 Main St., San Franci.sco, Calif. (Pittsburg, Calif.) 

2510 First Central Trust Building, Akron, Ohio. 

Delaware Trust Building, Wilmington, Del. 

50 Union Square, New York, N.Y. (Qarfleld and Perth 

Amboy, N.J.). 
P.O. Box 8, Pleasant Ridge Station, Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Nutlev, N.J. 

R.F.D. No. 4, Holland, Mich. 
60 N St., New York, N.Y. (Niagara Falls, N.Y.). 
239 Medford St., Maiden, Mass. 
1030 N. Charles St., Baltimore, Md. 
Box 231, Glens Falls, N.Y. 
Massasoit Ave., East Providence, R.I. 
38 S. Dearborn St., Chicago, 111. (Indiana Harbor, Ind,). 
Baton Rouge, La. (North Baton Rouge, La.). 
2463 Broadway, Toledo, Ohio. 
68 Nott Ave., Long Island City, N.Y. 
10th St. at Lombard St , Philadelphia, Pa. 
Nitro, W.Va. 
Du Pont Building, Wilmington, Del. (Deep Water Point, 

N.J.). 

2 S. 9th St., Brooklyn, N.Y. 

34th St., south of Bank St., Louisville, Ky. 

Chrysler Building, New York, N.Y. (Philadelphia, Pa.). 

87 Park Place, New York, N.Y. (Brooklyn, N.Y.). 

256 Vanderpool St., Newark, N.J. 

McCormick Building, Baltimore, Md. 

90 John St., New York, N.Y. (Brooklyn, N.Y.). 

Universal Building, Fargo, N.Dak. (Lehigh (post office 

Dickinson), N.Dak.). 
910 Widener Building, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Indianapolis, Ind. 
427 Washington St., New York, N.Y. (1105 Metropolitan 

Ave., Brooklvn, N.Y.). 
1533 W. Clearfield St., Philadelphia, Pa. 
262 Washington St., Boston, Mass. (Waltham, Mass.). 
3600 N. 2d St., St. Louis, Mo. 
37-21 Thirtieth St., Long Island City, N.Y. 
410 Peoples Bank Building, Marietta, Ohio. 
192 Coit St., Irvington, N.J. 
198 Niagara St., Newark, N.J. 
100 W. Hunter Ave., Maywood, N.J. 
2001 Lynch Ave., East St. Louis, 111. 
Rahway, N.J. 
Everett, Mass. 

215-227 E. 9th St., Cincinnati, Ohio. 
270 Madison Ave., New York, N.Y. (Jersey City, N.J.). 
40 Rector St., New York, N.Y. (Buffalo, N.Y.). 
3135 E. 26th St., Los Angeles, Cahf. 
Naugatuck, Conn. 
Neville Post Office, Pittsburgh, Pa. 
99 N. nth St., Brooklyn, N.Y. 

Pine Ave. and 47th St., Niagara Falls, N.Y. 

2601 Graybar Building, New York, N.Y. (Niagara Falls,. 

N.Y.). 
137 6th St., Wauwatosa, Wis. 
2923 Atlantic Ave., Brooklyn, N.Y. 
Niagara Falls, N.Y. 
215 Pearl St., New York, N.Y. 
44th Ave. and 10th St., Long Island City, N.Y. 
Foot of McDougall Ave., Detroit, Mich. 
57 Wilkinson Ave., Jersey City, N.J. 
521-535 North Ave., Plainfield, N.J. 
Box 157, Petrolia, Pa. 

Manufacturers Terminal, Market St., Waukegan, 111. 
Morsemore Railroad Station, Ridgefield, N.J. 
81 Maiden Lane, New York, N.Y. (Brooklyn, N.Y.). 
949 Broadway, New York, N.Y. (Bayonne, N.J.). 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 47 

Directory of manufacturers of dyes and other synthetic organic chemicals, 1933 — Con. 



No. 



13'J 
140 
HI 
142 
143 
144 
145 
146 
147 
148 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in parentheses if not 
in same city as office) 



Philadelphia Gas Works Co., The.. 

Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co 

Portland Gas & Coke Co 

Poughkeepsie DyestuS Corporation. 

Publicker, Inc 

Pylam Products Co., Inc 

Pvridium Corporation, The 

Quaker Oats Co., The 

Rauh, Inc., Robert 

Reilly Tar & Chemical Corporation 

Republic Creosoting Co 



150 Resinous Products & Chemical Co., 
Inc. 

151 Resino.x Corporation 

152 1 Rohm & Haas Co., Inc 



160 
161 
162 
163 

164 
165 

166 
167 
168 
169 
170 

171 
172 
173 
174 
175 
176 

177 
178 
179 

180 
181 
182 
183 
184 

185 
186 
187 
188 
189 
190 
191 
192 

193 

194 
195 
196 
197 
198 



153 I Rubber Service Laboratories Co 

154 ! Ruberoid Co., The 

155 Selden Co., The .... 

156 ! Seydel Chemical Co 

157 I Sharp & Dohme, Inc... 

158 I Sharpies Solvents Corporation, The... 

159 1 Shell Chemical Co 



Sherwin-Williams Co., The 

Simons, Inc., Harold L 

Sinclair & Valentine Co.. 

Smith, Kline & French Laboratories. 



Solvay Process Co., The... 
Squibb & Sons, Inc., E. R. 



Standard Alcohol Co 

Standard Ultramarine Co., Inc., The. 

Stange Co., William J 

Star Oil Processing Co 

Stokes & Smith Co. (Durite Plastics 
Division). 

Sun Chemical & Color Co 

Synthetic Chemicals, Inc 

Synthetic Plastics Co., Inc 

Synthetical Laboratories 

Taylor & Co., Inc 

Taylor Chemical Corporation 



Todd Co., A. M _... 

Trubek Laboratories, Inc., The. 
Uhlich & Co., Inc., Paul 



United Color & Pigment Co 

Unyte Corporation 

Van Ameringen Haebler, Inc 

Van Dyk & Co., Inc 

Van Schaack Bros. Chemical Works, 
Inc. 

Varcum Chemical Corporation 

Verley, Inc.. Albert.. 

Verona Chemical Co 

Victor Chemical Works 

Warner-Jenkinson Manufacturing Co. 
Watertown Manufacturing Co., The.. 

Western Industries Co 

Westvaco Chlorine Products, Inc 



White Tar Co. of New Jersey, Inc., 
The. 

White Chemical Co., The Wilbur 

Wilhelm Co., The A 

Wolff Alport Chemical Corporation... 

Young Aniline Works, Inc 

Zinsser & Co., Inc 



1401 Arch St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

235 E. Pittsburgh Ave., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Public Service Building, Portland, Oreg. 

77 N. Water St., Poughkeepsie, N.Y. 

260 S. Broad St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

799 Greenwich St., New York, N.Y. 

21 Gray Oaks Ave., Nepera Park, N.Y. 

141 W. Jackson Blvd., Chicago, 111. (Cedar Rapids, Iowa). 

480 Frelinghuysen Ave., Newark, N.J. 

1615 Merchants Bank Building, Indianapolis, Ind. (Chi- 
cago and Granite City, 111., Chattanooga, Tenn., Fair- 
mont, W.Va., Dover, Ohio, and Newark, N.J.). 

1615 Merchants Bank Building, Indianapolis, Ind. (Min- 
neapolis, Minn., Mobile, Ala., Norfolk, Va., Provo, 
Utah, and Kennydale, Wash.). 

222 "W . Washington Square, Philadelphia, Pa. (Bridesburg, 
Philadelphia, Pa.). 

2.30 Park Ave., New York, N.Y. (P.O. Box 436, Edgewater, 
N.J.). 

222 W. Washington Square, Philadelphia, Pa. (Bristol, 
Pa ) 

Nitro.'w.Va. 

95 Madison Ave., New York, N.Y. (Erie, Pa.). 

30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York, N.Y. 

86 Forest St., Jersey City, N.J. 

Broad and Wallace Sts., Philadelphia, Pa. 

23d and Westmoreland Sts., Philadelphia, Pa. (Wyan- 
dotte, Mich.). 

100 Bush St., San Francisco, Calif. (Shell Point, Mar- 
tinez and Emeryville, Calif.). 

101 Prospect Ave. N.W., Cleveland, Ohio. 
11-25 44th Road, Long Island Citv, N.Y. 
11-21 St. Clair Place, New York, N.Y. 

105 N. 5th St., Philadelphia, Pa. (Delaware Ave. and 

Poplar St., Philadelphia, Pa.). 
Syracuse, N.Y. (Geddes, N.Y.). 
745 5th Ave., New Y'ork, N.Y'. (Brooklyn, N.Y.; New 

Brunswick, N.J.). 
2 Park Ave., New Y'ork, N.Y. (Linden, N.J.). 
Huntington, W.Va. 
2549-51 W. Madison St., Chicago, 111. 
Bartlesville, Okla. (Tallant, Okla.). 
Summerdale Ave. near Roosevelt Blvd., Philadelphia, 

Pa. 
100 6th Ave.. New York, N.Y. (Harrison, N.J.). 
57 Wilkinson .\Te., Jersey City, N.J. 
535 5th Ave., New York, N.Y. (Bound Brook, N.J.). 
5558 Ardmore A%-e., Chicago, 111. 
Norristown, Pa. (Betzwood, Pa.). 
Phillipsburg, N.J. (Wyandotte, Mich.; Cascade Mills, 

N.Y.). 
1717 Douglas Ave., Kalamazoo, Mich. 
State Highway No. 2, East Rutherford, N.J. 
157 Chambers St., New York. N.Y. (35 Herkimer PI., 

Brooklvn, N.Y.). 
McClellan St., Newark, N.J. 
521 Fifth Ave., New York, N.Y. (Grasselli, N.J.). 
315 4th Ave., New York, N.Y. (Elizabeth, N.J.). 
57 Wilkinson Ave., Jersey City, N.J. 
3358 Avondale Ave., Chicago, 111. 

Bo.x 62, LaSalle Station, Niagara Falls, N.Y. 

11 E. Austin Ave., Chicago, 111. 

26 Verona Ave., Newark, N.J. 

141 W. Jackson Blvd., Chicago, 111. (Chicago Heights, 111.). 

2526 Baldwin St., St. Louis, Mo. 

Echo Lake Road, Watertown, Conn. 

110 Sutter St., San Francisco, Calif. (Stege, Calif.). 

405 Lexington Ave., New York, N.Y'. (South Charleston, 

W.Va.). 
1201 Koppers Building, Pittsburgh, Pa. (Kearny, N.J., 

Cincinnati, Ohio.). 
McMaster St., Owego, N.Y. 
3d and Bern Sts., Reading, Pa. 
1127 Irving Ave., Brooklyn, N.Y. 
2701 Boston St., Baltimore, Md. 
Hastings on Hudson, N.Y'. 



o