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Full text of "Synthetic organic chemicals : United States production and sales"

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Given By 
U. S. SUFT. OF DOCUMJ 



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UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC 

ORGANIC CHEMICALS IN 

THE UNITED STATES 

1936 



REPORT No. 125 

SECOND SERIES 




BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRAHY 



3 9999 06317 1 



90 2 



RECENT REPORTS OF 
THE UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



REPORTS TO THE PRESIDENT 
Under the Rate Adjustment Provision (Sec. 336) of the Tariff Act of 1930 

Cotton Cloth, Report No. 112, Second Series, 1936 [$0. 15 

Dressed or Dyed Furs, Report No. 122, Second Series, 1937 05 

Slide Fasteners (Zippers), Report No. 113, Second Series, 1936 10 

Wool Knit Gloves and Mittens, Report No. 108, Second Series, 1936 05 

Under the Unfair Practices Provision' (Sec. 337) of the Tariff Act of 1930 
Coilable Metal Rules, Report No. 106, Second Series, 1936 05 

REPORTS TO THE UNITED; STATES SENATE 

Under the General Powers Provision (Sec. 332) of the Tariff Act of 1930 

Nets and Netting and Other Fishing Gear, Report No. 117, Second Series, 1937. . 10 

Salmon and Other Fish, Report No. 121, Second Series, 1937 15 

Subsidies and Bounties to Fisheries Enterprises by Foreign Countries, Report 
No. 116, Second Series, 1936 15 

Tuna Fish, Report No. 109, Second Series, 1936 10 

Wood Pulp and Pulpwood, Report No. 126, Second Series, 1937 In press 

OTHER REPORTS 
Under the General Powers Provision of the Tariff Act of 1930 

Extent of E<jual Tariff Treatment in Foreign Countries, Report No. 119, 

Second Series, 1937 15 

Recent Developments in the Foreign Trade of Japan, Report No. 105, Second 
Series, 1936 25 

Wool Prices, Report No. 120, Second Series, 1937 10 

Tariff Information Surveys 

Chemical Nitrogen, Report No. 114, Second Series, 1937 25 

Flat Glass and Related Glass Products, Report No. 123, Second Series, 1937. . . .35 

Sodium Sulphate, Report No. 124, Second Series, 1937 10 

Trade Agreements Information 

Trade Agreement With Canada (a summary of the provisions of this agree- 
ment), Report No. Ill, Second Series, 1936 15 

Miscellaneous Reports 

Changes in Import Duties Since the Passage of the Tariff Act of 1930, Miscel- 
laneous Series, 1937 10 

Rules of Practice and Procedure and Laws Relating to the United States Tariff 

Commission (Sixth Revision), Miscellaneous Series, 1938 10 

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, 
Washington, D. C, at the prices indicated 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC 

ORGANIC CHEMICALS IN 

THE UNITED STATES 

1936 



REPORT No. 125 

SECOND SERIES 




UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON : 1938 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D. C. ------ Price 15 cents 



U. S. SUPERINTENDENT JltJ 

FEB 14 1938 
UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



RAYMOND B. STEVENS, Chairman 
HENRY F. GRADY, Vice Chairman 
EDGAR B. BROSSARD 
OSCAR B. RYDER 
E. DANA DURAND 
A. MANUEL FOX 

SIDNEY MORGAN, Secretary 



Address All Communications 

UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

WASHINGTON, D. C. 



n 



CONTENTS 



TEXT Paw 

Acknowledgment v 

Introduction 1 

Part I 

Summary of United States production, imports, and exports of coal-tar 
and other synthetic organic chemicals, 1936: 

Coal-tar crudes 5 

Coal-tar intermediates 6 

Coal-tar dyes 6 

Color lakes and toners 6 

Synthetic medicinals 6 

Synthetic flavors and perfume materials 7 

Synthetic resins 7 

Synthetic rubber chemicals 7 

Miscellaneous synthetic chemicals 7 

Summary of production and sales of coal-tar products 7 

Summary of production and sales of synthetic organic chemicals not 

of coal-tar origin 9 

Imports and exports of coal-tar products 9 

Relation of production of dyes to consumption 10 

Part II 

Production and sales of coal-tar chemicals in the United States, 1936: 

Coal-tar crudes II 

Coal-tar intermediates 12 

Dyes and other synthetic organic products: 

Introduction 22 

Dyes 22 

Production and sales of dyes by classes of application 34 

Color lakes and toners 35 

Synthetic medicinals 37 

Synthetic flavors and perfume materials 42 

Synthetic resins 45 

Synthetic rubber chemicals 46 

Miscellaneous synthetic products 48 

Part III 

Detailed statistics of imports into the United States of dyes and other 

coal-tar chemicals, as obtained from an analysis of invoices, 1936 55 

Part IV 

APPENDIX I 

Dyes and other coal-tar chemicals, imports for consumption and exports, 

1936 87 

APPENDIX II 

Directory of manufacturers of dves and other synthetic organic chemicals, 

1936 95 

STATISTICAL TABLES 

1. Coal-tar products: Comparison of production, imports for consump- 

tion, and exports, by quantity and value, 1917, 1921, 1929, and 1936_ 3 

2. Comparison of prices of certain domestic intermediates, dyes, and 

medicinals, 1913, 1917, 1921, and 1936 3 

3. Comparison of United States production of tar and production and 

sales of certain crudes, 1925-30, 1935, and 1936 5 

4. Intermediates, dyes, and other coal-tar chemicals : Summary of United 

States production and sales, 1936 8 

ni 



IV CONTENTS 

Pasre 

5. Intermediates, dyes, and certain other classes of coal-tar chemicals: 

Comparison of United States production and sales, 1925-30, 1935, 

and 1936.. 8 

6. Synthetic organic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin: Summary of 

United States production and sales, 1936 9 

7. Synthetic organic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin: Comparison of 

United States production and sales, 1925-30, 1935, and 1936 9 

8. Coal-tar intermediates and dyes: Comparison of United States im- 

ports and exports, 1925-30, 1935, and 1936 10 

9. Coal-tar crudes: United States production and sales, 1936 12 

10. Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1936 13 

11. Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, 1936 23 

12. Comparison of United States production and sales of dyes by classes 

of application, 1925-30, 1935, and 1936 34 

13. Color lakes and toners: United States production and sales, 1936 36 

14. Synthetic medicinals: United States production and sales, 1936: 

(A) Coal-tar 38 

(B) Non-coal-tar 40 

15. Synthetic flavors and perfume materials: United States production and 

sales, 1936: 

(A) Coal-tar 42 

(B) Non-coal-tar 43 

16. Synthetic resins: United States production and sales, 1936: 

(A) Coal-tar 45 

(B) Non-coal-tar 45 

17. Synthetic rubber chemicals: United States production and sales, 1936: 

(A) Coal-tar 46 

(B) Non-coal-tar 48 

18. Miscellaneous synthetic chemicals: United States production and sales, 

1936: 

(A) Coal-tar 49 

(B) Non-coal-tar 50 

19. Coal-tar dyes: Imports into the United States, fiscal year 1914, and 

calendar years 1926-36 55 

20. Coal-tar dyes: Percentage of imports from principal producing coun- 

tries, 1935 and 1936 55 

21. Coal-tar dyes: Imports into the United States, classified by method of 

application, 1935 and 1936 56 

22. Coal-tar chemicals other than dyes: Imports into the United States, 

1935 and 1936 1 56 

23. Coal-tar dyes: Detailed statistics of imports into the United States in 

1936, as obtained from invoice analysis 56 

24. Coal-tar aromatic chemicals: Detailed statistics of imports into the 

United States in 1936, as obtained from invoice analysis 77 

25. Coal-tar medicinals and pharmaceuticals: Detailed statistics of im- 

ports into the United States in 1936, as obtained from invoice 
analysis 78 

26. Other coal-tar products in paragraph 28: Detailed statistics of im- 

ports into the United States in 1936, as obtained from invoice 
analysis 80 

27. Coal-tar intermediates: Detailed statistics of imports into the United 

States in 1936, as obtained from invoice analysis 81 

28. Coal-tar products: Imports (for consumption) into the United States, 

1935 and 1936 Group I, Crudes 87 

29. Coal-tar products: Imports (for consumption) into the United States, 

1936: 

Group II. Intermediates 88 

Group III. Dyes and other finished products 88 

30. Coal-tar products: Imports (for consumption) into the United States, 

by countries, 1936 89 

31. Coal-tar products: Exports from the United States, to specified coun- 

tries, 1936 94 



ACKNOWLEDGEMENT 



In the preparation of this report, the Commission had the services 
of Dexter North and P. K. Lawrence of the Chemical Division, and 
of others. 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

INTRODUCTION 

This report on the production and sales of dyes and other synthetic 
organic chemicals in the United States in 1936 is the result of a study 
made by the United States Tariff Commission. It includes statistics, 
in detail, for coal-tar crudes, intermediates, dyes, and all other coal-tar 
chemicals and for synthetic organic chemicals not of coal-tar origin. 

Statistics of imports of coal-tar products classified under para- 
graphs 27 and 28 of the Tariff Act of 1930, obtained by analysis 
of invoices and compiled from the semiannual statements published 
jointly by the Department of Commerce and the Tariff Commission, 
are included herein, as are imports and exports of coal-tar products as 
reported in Foreign Commerce and Navigation of the United States. 

This issue marks the twentieth annual report made by the Tariff 
Commission on dyes and other coal-tar chemicals and the sixteenth 
on synthetic organic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin. 

Before the World War, about 75 percent of the world's supply of 
dyes and nearly all intermediates were made in Germany. The 
United States produced about 10 percent of its consumption of dyes 
but imported about 90 percent of the intermediates used in domestic 
production. In 1914 the domestic production of coal-tar dyes totaled 
6,619,729 pounds valued at $2,470,096, and the output of all other 
coal-tar products was valued at $1,126,699. In that year there were 
in the United States 7 establishments making coal-tar products, em- 
ploying 528 people and having a capital investment of $3,386,212. 
These factories were little more than assembling plants, since they 
were almost entirely dependent on imported intermediates. Small 
quantities of nitrobenzene, aniline, benzoic acid, and resorcinol, and 
appreciable quantities of salicylic acid were produced in this country; 
all other intermediates were imported. Under the Tariff Act of 1913 
the rate of duty on most coal-tar dyes was 30 percent ad valorem 
(based on foreign value); indigo, alizarin, anthracene, and carbazol 
dyes were duty free. The duties on intermediates ranged from 5 to 
20 percent ad valorem, most of them being 15 percent. Coal-tar 
crudes were generally free of duty. 

The cessation of direct imports of dyes in March 1915 marked the 
beginning of an acute shortage and the start of an expansion program 
by domestic makers. 

In the Revenue Act of September 8, 1916, the tariff on dyes and 
other coal-tar products was revised upward. Crudes remained free 
of duty, but intermediates were made dutiable at 15 percent ad 
valorem plus 2% cents per pound and dyes at 30 percent ad valorem 
plus 5 cents per pound, with certain exceptions. The ad valorem 
rates of 15 and 30 percent were imposed in section 500 of the act 
without limitation as to the period they should remain in effect. The 
specific rates of 2% and 5 cents per pound, however, were imposed as 
special duties under section 501, which provided that during the 
period of 5 years beginning September 9, 1921, such special specific 

1 



2 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

rates should be reduced by 20 percent annually until they should be 
entirely removed. It further provided that if on September 9, 1921, 
the President should find that domestic production was not supplying 
60 percent of domestic consumption, the special specific rates should 
thereupon cease. The effect of this act was to start the flow of 
capital to the industry and to stimulate production to the extent that 
in 1917 the domestic output of dyes about equaled the pre-war im- 
portation in quantity though not in variety. 

Late in 1917, the President directed the Tariff Commission to ascer- 
tain the facts on which to base Executive action under section 501. 
The Commission thereupon undertook an annual census of production 
of dyes, etc., beginning with 1917, and a detailed analysis of imports 
beginning with 1919. In August 1921, the Commission reported to 
the President that for the calendar year 1920 imports of coal-tar 
intermediates amounted in terms of value to less than 1 percent of 
domestic production and imports of dyes and other finished coal-tar 
products to only a little more than 5 percent. The facts, therefore, did 
not call for the issuance of a proclamation removing the special specific 
duties. 

The Dye and Chemical Control Act, 1921 (Title V of the Emergency 
Tariff Act approved May 27, 1921), provided for the exclusion of 
imports of synthetic organic drugs and chemicals, including dyes, 
except those not obtainable in the United States in sufficient quantities 
and on reasonable terms as to quality, price, and delivery. This act 
remained in effect until September 21, 1922, when it was superseded by 
the Tariff Act of 1922 which provided that the ad valorem portion of 
the rates on all dutiable coal-tar products should be based on the 
American selling price of any similar competitive article produced in 
the United States, or if there was no similar competitive article the 
ad valorem rate should be based upon the United States value. The 
provisions for these bases of assessment were continued under the 
Tariff Act of 1930. 

Because of the interest of manufacturers and importers, the Com- 
mission continued to take the annual census after the provisions of the 
Revenue Act of 1916 became inoperative and expanded it in 1921 to 
include synthetic organic chemicals not of coal-tar origin. Since 
then a detailed report has been issued annually. 

The rapid growth of the domestic coal-tar products industry is 
indicated by the following table compiled from data published in 
earlier reports of the Commission. The table compares domestic 
production, imports, and exports of coal-tar products in 1917, 1921, 
1929, and 1936. Imports in 1917 were lower than in preceding years 
because of the cutting off of supplies from Germany, which had been 
the principal source of imports of products of this type. Domestic 
production of intermediates in that year, compared with subsequent 
years, consisted in large part of explosives and other military chemicals, 
and to a smaller extent, of dyes and other nonexplosive finished 
products. Imports in 1921 and later years were largely noncompeti- 
tive specialty items ; the intermediates imported were largely specialties 
used for further processing in branch factories. Imports of dyes in 
1936 were much higher in average price per pound than domestic 
dyes — $1.51 per pound, as compared with 54 cents. On the other 
hand, exports of dyes, which in recent years have exceeded imports 
in quantity, have been lower in unit value than domestic production, in 
1936, averaging $0.35 per pound. Exports consist chiefly of staple 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



products produced in large quantities. The principal dyes exported 
are indigo and sulfur black, most of which find markets in the Far 
East. 

Table 1. — Coal-tar products: Comparison of production, imports for consumption, 
and exports, by quantity and value, 1917, 1921, 1929, and 1936 

[Quantities in thousands of pounds; values in thousands of dollars] 



Coal-tar products 



1917 



1929 



1936 



QUANTITY 

Production: 

Intermediates -. 

Dyes.- 

Finished products other than dyes.. 

Imports for consumption: 

Intermediates.- 

Dyes 

Finished products other than dyes.. 

Exports: 

Intermediates 

■ Dyes. -. 

Finished products other than dyes J . 

VALUE 

Production: 

Intermediates 

Dyes -.- 

Finished products other than dyes.. 

Imports for consumption: 

Intermediates..- 

Dyes ._.-«... 

Finished products other than dyes.. 

Exports: 

Intermediates 

Dyes 

Finished products other than dyes a 



322, 746 
45, 977 
8,573 



919 



$106, 967 
57, 796 
10,995 

125 

3,722 

512 

(') 

11,709 

0) 



70,900 
39,009 
12,449 

1,455 
3,631 

0) 

0) 
(') 
(') 



$17, 725 
32, 377 
8,072 



351 

(') 
5,067 



354, 488 
111,422 
55, 754 

4,234 

7,317 
450 



2,809 

34, 130 

1,510 



$67, 353 
47,911 
32, 653 

1,376 
8,155 
1,055 

418 

7,279 

339 



509,706 
119, 523 
216, 825 



1,741 

3.769 

177 



2,939 
17, 178 
12, 171 



$71, 359 
64,542 
71,010 

1,736 

5,698 
391 

539 

6,081 
2,037 



1 Not available. 



s Does not include medicinals. 



Table 2 compares the average annual prices realized on certain 
coal-tar intermediates, dyes, and medicinals in 1913, 1917, 1921, and 
1936. The prices shown for 1913 were obtained from the War 
Industries Board report and represent prices paid by domestic con- 
sumers for imported materials. Those shown for 1917 are high 
principally because of conditions created by the war; the figures for 
that and later years are average realizations for sales of domestic 
production. Data for 1921 are included to indicate the reaction from 
the war price levels; those for 1936 are the latest available. 

Prices in foreign markets, comparable with those shown in table 2, 
are not available. 

Table 2. — Comparison of domestic prices of certain intermediates, dyes, and medici- 
nals, 1913, 1917, 1921, and 1936 

[Per pound] 





1913 1 


1917 2 


1921» 


1936' 


Coal-tar intermediates: 


$0.10 
.14 
.40 
.23 
.11 
.19 
.30 


$0.23 

.44 

1.65 

2.28 

.67 

.59 

2.24 


$0.22 
.30 
.85 
( 3 ) 
.39 
.54 
.95 


$0.11 




.23 




.55 




.30 




.19 




.20 


H-acid - -- -- 


.35 



> Prices of Coal-Tar Crudes, Intermediates and Dyes, War Industries Board, 1919. 

2 Average annual realization prices, United States Tariff Commission. 

3 Not available. 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 2. — Comvarison of domestic prices of certain intermediates, dyes, and medici- 
' nals. 1918, 1917, 1921, and 1936— Continued 

[Per pound] 



Coal-tar intermediates— Continued 

Para nitroaniline 

Nitrobenzol 

Phenol 

Phthalic anhydride 

Salicylic acid-. 

Classified dyes: 4 

Chrysoidine Y 

Scarlet 2R 

Orange II 

Direct black EX 

Nigrosine: 

Spirit soluble 

Water soluble 

Indigo, 20 percent paste 

Naphthylamine black 10B 

Direct blue 2B 

Malachite green 

Methyl violet 

Eosine 

Methylene blue 

Sulfur black 

Sulfur brown 

Medicinals: 

Acetanilid 

Acetphenetidin 

Acetyl salicylic acid 

Phenolphthalein 

Arsphenamine 



1913 


1917 


1921 


$0.15 


( 3 ) 


$0.85 


.07 


$0.14 


.12 


.11 


.37 


.14 


(?) 


4.23 


.39 


.28 


.67 


.24 


.30 


1.09 


.77 


.21 


1.15 


.73 


.14 


.9S 


.51 


.32 


( 3 ) 


.79 


.37 


1.11 


.70 


.35 


.80 


.68 


.18 


1.42 


.45 


.34 


1.08 


1.09 


( 3 ) 


2.00 


.69 


.43 


6.28 


1.97 


.38 


3.84 


1.66 


.55 


8.58 


2.51 


.56 


3.09 


1.94 


.21 


.60 


.23 


.22 


.55 


.38 


.21 


.53 


.29 


.84 


7.66 


»1.70 


4.80 


5.49 


.73 


"1.00 


9.65 


» 1. 35 


( 3 ) 


' 635. 00 


406. 00 



$0.25 
.07 
.10 
.12 
.28 

.33 

.41 
.26 

.26 

.30 
.36 
.16 
.40 
.22 

1.03 
.-66 

1.44 
.81 
.16 
.28 

.20 
1.00 
.54 
.50 
181.00 



» Not available. 

* Prices shown for classified dyes are averages for all commercial strengths. Average strengths in 1936 
were much greater than in 1913 and 1917. 
» Sales price, 1923. 
6 Invoice price. 
» Sales price, 1919. 

Many important synthetic organic chemicals not of coal-tar origin 
have been commercially developed since 1921 and are not shown in 
this table. This group includes most of the ethylene and propylene 
derivatives, synthetic ethyl and methyl alcohol, fermentation citric 
acid, synthetic rubber, tetraethyl lead, acetic acid, and acetic an- 
hydride. Most of the products of this group with large output in 
1936 were of little importance in 1921. For instance, in 1921 the 
output of ethylene dibromide was 1,122 pounds; of ethylene chloro- 
hydrin, 5,614 pounds; of furfural, 426 pounds, selling for $6.10 per 
pound as compared with 15 cents per pound in 1936; and of isobutyl 
acetate, 587 pounds, selling for $1.50 per pound as compared with 10 
cents in 1936. In 1936 the production of each of these products 
totaled millions of pounds. Sales of carbon tetrachloride in 1921 were 
4,396,000 pounds at 10 cents per pound as compared with 62,282,000 
pounds at 4 cents in 1936. Isopropyl alcohol sold for 39 cents a 
pound, and the output was 184,470 pounds in 1921 as against 140,- 
525,000 pounds in 1936, and a sales price of 5 cents per pound. Ethyl 
acetate production in 1921 was 5,311,000 pounds and 73,414,000 
pounds in 1936. 



PART I 

SUMMARY OF UNITED STATES PRODUCTION, IMPORTS, AND 
EXPORTS OF COAL-TAR AND OF OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC 
CHEMICALS, 1936 

Coal-Tar Crudes 

Statistics collected and compiled by the Bureau of Mines show that 
the output of coal tar in the United States in 1936 increased 24 per- 
cent over the preceding year, to 560,385,578 gallons. This was well 
below the all-time peak of 728,194,000 gallons produced in 1929. 
Sales in 1936 were 358,182,759 gallons, at an average of 4.3 cents per 
gallon. About 52 percent of the 1936 production was distilled for 
the recovery of crudes, and in addition substantial quantities were 
topped to recover naphthalene and tar acids. 

Naphthalene was the crude showing the outstanding increase in 
1936, production being 88 percent higher than in 1935 and its sales 
value advancing to 2 cents per pound from 1.7 cents in 1935. 

Table 3 compares the production and sales of coal tar, benzol, 
motor benzol, naphthalene, and creosote oil in 1936 with the average 
for 1925-30 and with 1935. 



Table 3.' — Comparison of United States production of tar and production and sales 
of certain crudes, 1925-30, 1935, and 1936 





1925-30 
average 


1935 


1936 


Increase, 

1936 over 

1935 


Tar produced thousands of gallons.. 


630, 536 

22, 257 
22, 257 
4,651 

96, 879 
96, 879 
15, 920 

44, 762 

44, 762 

581 

95, 443 
95, 443 
11, 742 


450, 308 

24, 106 

23,030 

2,976 

58, 380 

67, 542 

5,121 

47, 653 

42, 018 

698 

92, 869 
86, 707 
8,819 


560, 386 

19, 413 
19, 145 
2,676 

85, 673 

84, 762 

7,629 

89, 536 

74, 054 

1,466 

101, 758 
93, 216 
10,294 


Percent 
24.4 


Benzol: 

Production do 

Sales do 

Sales value thousands of dollars.. 


U9.5 
116.9 
U0.1 


Motor benzol: 

Production thousands of gallons.. 

Sales... .do 

Sales value thousands of dollars.. 


46.8 
47.3 
49.0 


Naphthalene: 

Production thousands of pounds.. 

Sales do 

Sales value thousands of dollars.. 


87.9 
76.2 
110.0 


Creosote oil: 

Production thousands of gallons.. 

Sales. ..do 

Sales value thousands of dollars.. 


0.6 

7.5 
16.7 







i Decrease. 



(3 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Coal-Tar Intermediates 

The production of coal-tar intermediates in 1936 totaled 509,705,955 
pounds, with sales of 223,118,979 pounds valued at $31,805,792. The 
output represents an increase of about 17 percent over 1935. In 
making comparisons with former years, including 1935, it should be 
remembered that certain groups of products hitherto classed as inter- 
mediates in these reports are now shown as "miscellaneous finished 
coal-tar products." 

Coal-Tar Dyes 

The output of coal-tar dyes in 1936 was 17 percent greater than the 
previous year and 7 percent greater than in the peak year of 1929. 

Sales of all dyes in 1936 totaled 117,572,823 pounds valued at 
$63,685,557, an average of 54 cents per pound. Of this total, classified 
dyes account for 103,105,580 pounds valued at $46,497,383 and new 
and unclassified dyes for 14,467,243 pounds valued at $17,188,174. 

It will be noted that rapid fast dyes and rapidogene dyes, heretofore 
shown under "miscellaneous finished coal-tar products" are included 
under direct dyes in 1936. 

The production and sales of synthetic indigo and sulfur black 
increased appreciably over the preceding year. Sales of indigo 
amounted to 17,848,853 pounds in 1936 as compared with 14,051,451 
pounds in 1935, and those of sulfur black amounted to 14,702,318 
pounds as against 12,360,624 pounds in 1935. 

Color Lakes and Toners 

Statistics of production and sales of this class of products are 
divided into three groups: (a) Lakes and extended colors, (b) toners or 
full strength colors, and (c) reduced toners. More detailed data for 
individual types are available this year (1936) than last; the totals are, 
however, comparable with the totals for 1935. The class as a whole 
shows about 8 percent increase in production, 12 percent in sales 
quantity, and 17 percent in sales value over 1935. 

Synthetic Medicinals 

Synthetic medicinals of coal-tar origin and of non-coal-tar origin are 
combined in one statistical table in this report. 

The output of synthetic medicinals of coal-tar origin amounted to 
12,033,857 pounds in 1936, an increase of about 20 percent over 1935. 
Sales totaled 10,078,578 pounds valued at $9,762,555. Acetylsal- 
icylic acid (aspirin), the most important volume item in this class, 
shows an increase of 8 percent in production for the year and of 6 
percent in sales. Unusual increases in sales are noted for the 
arsphenamines, the quantity increasing 17 percent and the value 
about 35 percent. Phenobarbital is another medicinal showing 
increased sales. The commercial production of mandelic acid and 
salts was reported for the first time in 1936. 

Synthetic medicinals of non-coal-tar origin increased in production 
and sales over 1935. 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 7 

Synthetic Flavors and Perfume Materials 

Synthetic flavors and perfume materials from all sources are grouped 
in one table subdivided into (a) of coal-tar origin, and (6) of non-coal- 
tar origin. 

Flavors and perfume materials of coal-tar origin show a decrease in 
quantity of sales and a slight increase in sales value in 1936 as com- 
pared with 1935. Since totals for those of non-coal-tar origin were not 
determined for years prior to 1936 no accurate comparison can 
be made. 

Synthetic Resins 

This rapidly developing industry again reports sharp increases in 
production and sales, and the commercial output of several new types 
of resins. 

Resins of coal-tar origin increased 29 percent in output, 31 percent 
in sales quantity, and 34 percent in sales value over the preceding 
year. The total production in 1936 of this class of resins (exclusive of 
coumarone and indene, hydrocarbon, styrol, and sulfonamide resins) 
was 117,301,780 pounds, of which about 78 percent was tar acid resins 
and 22 percent alkyd resins. All statistics shown herein are based on 
net resin content. 

Resins of non-coal-tar origin were produced in increased quantity 
and variety in 1936. Statistics for the individual types cannot bo 
published. Those included here are for resins derived from abalyn- 
hydrogen-nitrogen, abietic acid, acrylic acid esters, adipic acid, petro- 
leum, terpenes, urea, urea and thiourea, vinyl compounds, and wood 
rosin-methyl alcohol. The output of this class in 1936 totaled 
15,611,041 pounds. 

Synthetic Rubber Chemicals 

This important group of synthetics, production of which has 
increased rapidly in recent years, is shown this year in a separate 
table, divided into those (a) of coal-tar origin, and (6) of non-coal-tar 
origin. 

Miscellaneous Synthetic Chemicals 

Miscellaneous synthetic chemicals consist of products not properly 
classified under any of the foregoing groups. Like other groups, they 
are divided into those (a) of coal-tar origin, and (6) of non-coal-tar 
origin. Those of coal-tar origin include products, which if imported 
would be classified as intermediates, such as naphthol AS and de- 
rivatives, diazo salts, solvents and plasticizers, and textile assistants. 
Other products included in the group are photographic chemicals and 
synthetic tanning materials. Those of non-coal-tar origin include 
many important but unrelated products widely used in industry and 
the arts. 

Summary of Production and Sales of Coal-Tar Products 

Table 4 summarizes the production and sales of coal-tar products 
in 1936 and table 5 compares the production and sales in 1936 with 
1935 and with the average for 1925-30. 



8 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 4. — Intermediates, dyes, and other coal-tar chemicals: Summary of United 
States production and sales, 1936 





Number 
of manu- 
facturers 


Production 


Sales 




Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Intermediates . 


58 
213 


Pounds 
509, 705, 955 
336,348,096 


Pounds 
223,118,979 
287, 276, 315 


$31,805,792 
120, 764, 808 


$0.14 




.42 






Dyes: 

Classified- 


104, 068, 929 
15, 454, 217 


103, 105, 580 
14, 467, 243 


46, 497, 383 
17, 188, 174 


.45 






1.19 




41 

49 
46 
26 
62 
10 
44 




Total 


119, 523, 146 


117, 572, 823 


63, 685, 557 


.54 








15, 352, 334 
12, 033, 857 
3, 480, 981 
117, 301, 780 
30, 753, 901 
37,902,097 


13, 575, 454 
10, 078, 578 
3, 436, 761 
86, 213, 735 
21, 563, 223 
34, 835, 741 


10, 177, 276 
9, 762, 555 
3, 220, 388 

17, 056, 099 
8,391,067 
8, 471, 866 


.75 




.97 


Flavors and perfume materials 


.94 
.20 




.39 




.24 







i Does not include resins derived from coumarone and indene, hydrocarbons, styrol, and sulfonamides. 

3 Includes rapid fast and rapidogene dyes. 

8 Includes benzoate of ammonia, benzoate of soda, benzoyl peroxide, biological stains and chemical 
indicators, diazo salts, poisonous and tear gases, synthetic insecticides, naphthol AS and derivatives, 
synthetic tanning materials, textile assistants, photographic chemicals, and others. 

Table 5. — Intermediates, dyes and certain other classes 1 of coal-tar chemicals: 
Comparison oj United Slates production and sales, 1925-30, 1935, and 1936 



1925-30 
average 



1935 



1936 



Increase, 

1936 over 

1935 



Intermediates: 

Production thousands of pounds.. 

Sales do 

Sales value ...thousands of dollars.. 

Finished coal-tar products: 

Production thousands of pounds.. 

Sales ■- do 

Sales value thousands of dollars.. 

Dyes: 

Production. thousands of pounds.. 

Sales do 

Sales value thousands of dollars.. 

Medicinals: 

Production. thousands of pounds.. 

Sales do 

Sales value. thousands of dollars.. 

Flavors and perfume materials: 

Production thousands of pounds.. 

Sales -_do 

Sales value thousands of dollars.. 

Resins: 

Production thousands of pounds.. 

Sales ...do 

Sales value thousands of dollars.. 



267, 492 
109, 133 
22, 408 

138. 078 
133, 964 
65,027 

94, 003 
92,207 
39,428 

4,508 
4,106 
7,464 

3,966 
3,919 
2,901 

» 24, 442 
• 22, 135 

• 7, 756 



436, 656 
190, 917 
26, 074 

» 272, 728 
» 230, 381 
» 98, 792 

101, 933 
97, 954 
51,488 

10, 023 
8,950 
8,372 

4,364 
4,080 
3,172 

' 90, 913 
' 65, 923 
7 12, 777 



509, 706 

223, 119 

31, 806 

' 336, 348 

* 287, 276 

* 120, 765 

* 119, 523 

* 117, 573 
* 63, 686 

12, 034 
10, 079 
9,763 

3,481 
3,437 
3,220 

> 117, 302 
3 86, 214 
3 17, 056 



Percent ' 
16.7 
16.9 
22.0 

23.3 

24.7 
22.2 

17.2 
20.0 
23.7 

20.1 
12.6 
16.6 

8 20.2 

«15.8 

1.5 

29.0 
30.8 
33.5 



' See text for changes in classifications made, from time to time, in the groups listed above. 

2 Includes color lakes and toners, photographic chemicals, and miscellaneous coal-tar products not shown 
separately. Does not include resins derived from coumarone and indene. 

3 Does not include resins derived from coumarone and indene, hydrocarbons, styrol, and sulfonamides. 
' Includes rapid fast and rapidogene dyes. 

• Decrease. 

• Average for 1927-30. 

i Does not include resins derived from coumarone and indene. 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



Summary of Production and Sales of Synthetic Organic 
Chemicals Not of Coal-Tar Origin 

Table 6 summarizes the production and sales in 1936 of the several 
groups of synthetic organic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin. Only a 
small part of the total production can be broken down into the sub- 
groups, medicinals, resins, and flavors and perfume materials. Table 
7 compares the output and sales of all non-coal-tar synthetic chemi- 
cals in 1936 with the preceding year and with the average for the 
period 1925-30. 

Table 6. — Synthetic organic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin: Summary of United 
States production and sales, 1936 





Production 


Sales 




Quantity 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Medicinals 


Pounds 

1, 216, 147 

1, 189, 126 

15,611,041 

2, 023, 439, 430 


Pounds 

1, 205, 403 

1, 158, 629 

14, 766, 640 

1, 017, 790, 498 


$1, 878, 944 

858, 453 

3, 591, 467 

99, 502, 726 


$1.56 
.74 




.24 




.10 


Total 


2, 041, 455, 744 


1, 034, 921, 170 


105,831,590 


.10 







• Includes non-coal-tar rubber chemicals, and all other non-coal-tar synthetic organic chemicals, publish- 
able statistics for which are shown in tables 17 and 18. 

Table 7. — Synthetic organic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin: Comparison of 
United States production and sales, 1925-80, 1935, and 1936 



1925-30 
average 



1935 



1936 



Increase, 

1936 over 

1935 



Production thousands of pounds. . 

Sales do 

Sales value thousands of dollars.. 



379, 972 
264, 006 
44, 499 



1, 591, 896 
791, 760 
86, 334 



2, 041, 455 

1,034,921 

105, 832 



Percent 
28.2 
30.7 
22.6 



Imports and Exports of Coal-Tar Products 

Statistics reported in Foreign Commerce and Navigation of the 
United States show the importation of 3,768,918 pounds of coal-tar 
dyes valued at $5,697,793 in 1936, a decrease of 18 percent in quantity 
and 6 percent in value since 1935. Germany supplied about 52 percent 
by quantity and Switzerland 43 percent in 1936, as against 49 percent 
and 50 percent, respectively, in 1935. Imports from England in 1936 
account for 2.3 percent of the total quantity. 

Imports of intermediates increased 13 percent in quantity and 1.5 
percent in value over the preceding year, to 2,327,271 pounds valued 
at $2,484,814. Other coal-tar products showing appreciable increases 
over 1935 are: Photographic chemicals, 12 percent in quantity, to 
51,583 pounds valued at $119,162; flavors and perfume materials, 
33 percent by quantity and 45 percent by value, to 61,796 pounds 
valued at $135,894; and medicinals, 62 percent in quantity and 41 
percent in value, to 32,566 pounds valued at $117,401. 



10 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Exports of dyes in 1936 totaled 17,177,625 pounds valued at 
$6,080,505, or about 12 percent less than the preceding year. Sharp 
declines in exports to China and British India are shown. Exports 
to China were 6,096,874 pounds valued at $1,539,290, or 30 percent 
less by quantity and 20 percent less by value than in 1935. Exports 
to British India decreased 35 percent in quantity and 46 percent in 
value. Shipments to Canada show an increase of 6 percent in value 
over 1935. In contrast to the declines noted above is the sharp 
increase in shipments to Japan, amounting to 2,676,005 pounds valued 
at $934,253 in 1936, as compared with 561,770 pounds valued at 
$540,634 in 1935. 

Table 8 compares imports of intermediates and imports and exports 
of dyes in 1936 and 1935 with the average for the period 1925-30. 

Table 8.' — Coal-tar intermediates and dyes: Comparison of United Stales imports 
and exports, 1925-80, 1935, and 1936 



Intermediates: 
Imports: 

Quantity thousands of pounds__ 

Value (dutiable) thousands of dollars. . 

Dyes: 

Imports: 

Quantity thousands of pounds.. 

Value (dutiable) thousands of dollars.. 

Exports: 

Quantity thousands of pounds.. 

Value - thousands of dollars.. 



1925-30 
average 



2,536 
1,031 



5,672 
6,338 



28, 101 
6,366 



2.062 
2,448 



4,606 
6,034 



19. 631 
6,873 



1936 



2,327 

2,485 



3,769 
5,698 



17, 178 
6,080 



Increase, 

1936 over 

1935 



Percent 
12.8 
1.6 



i 18.2 
i 5.6 



i 12.5 
i 11.5 



« Decrease. 

Source: Foreign Commerce and Navigation of the United States. 

Relation of Production of Dyes to Consumption 

The apparent consumption of dyes in the United States has increased 
almost 50 percent since 1934. 

Sales of domestic dyes plus imports, less exports, gives an apparent 
consumption in 1936 of 104,164,000 pounds, which is 26 percent more 
than the 82,930,000 pounds consumed in 1935, and 49 percent more 
than the 69,760,000 pounds in 1934. 

In 1936 domestic production supplied 96.4 percent by weight, and 
imports 3.6 percent of the apparent consumption. Imports supplied 
5.6 percent in 1935 and 4.9 percent in 1934. 



PART II 

PRODUCTION AND SALES OF COAL-TAR CHEMICALS IN THE UNITED 

STATES, 1936 

Coal-Tar Crudes 

According to statistics collected and compiled by the Bureau of 
Mines, the production of coal tar in 1936 increased about 24 percent 
over the preceding year, to a total of 560,385,578 gallons. Sales were 
358,182,759 gallons, or about 64 percent of the output. The unit 
sales price of 4.3 cents per gallon represents a slight increase over the 
preceding year (4.1 cents per gallon in 1935). 

Tar distilled by purchasers thereof amounted to 322,284,912 
gallons, or 16 percent more than in 1935. Of this quantity, about 
90 percent was coal tar, 8 percent water-gas tar, and 1 percent oil-gas 
tar. 

The outstanding increase occurred in the production of crude 
naphthalene, the output of which totaled 89,536,202 pounds, or 88 
percent more than in 1935. The average unit sales price was about 
2 cents per pound as compared with 1.7 cents in 1935. While the 
serious shortage of crude naphthalene was, in part, relieved by the 
increased production, the shortage of tar acids, other than phenol, 
persisted throughout the year. Unusual demands by synthetic resin 
makers are largely responsible for these shortages. 

Increased output is noted for practically all other crudes except 
nonmotor benzol, the production of which declined about 20 percent. 
The output of motor benzol increased 47 percent. Other increases 
were: Creosote oil, 10 percent; road tars, 26 percent; toluol, 11 per- 
cent; xylol, 14 percent; and solvent naphtha, 4 percent. 

Table 9 shows statistics of domestic production and sales in 1936 
of coal tar, the quantities of the several kinds of tar distilled, the pro- 
duction and sales of light oil and products, and the products of tar 
distillation and processing. These data were collected from pro- 
ducers of tar by the Bureau of Mines and from purchasers of tar by 
the Tariff Commission. 

11 



14800—38 2 



12 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 9.- — Coal-tar crudes: 1 United States production and sales, 1936 

[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers given on 
p. 95. An X indicates that the corresponding product was made by a manufacturer who did not consent 
to the publication of his name in connection therewith. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns 
indicate that the statistics of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information with 
regard to individual firms] 

Tar distilled by purchasers thereof: 2 

Oil-gas tar, 3,481,764 gallons $211, 325 

Water-gas tar, 26,662,899 gallons. 1, 097, 143 

Coal tar, 292,140,249 gallons 14,867,487 

Total, 322,284,912 gallons j. 16, 175, 955 



Manufacturers' identi- 
fication numbers (ac- 
cording to list on 
p. 95) ' 



Produc- 
tion 
(quantity) 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



Tar » gallons.. 

Light oil derivatives: 

Crude light oil 8 do 

Benzol (except motor benzol) 3 
gallons.. 

Motor benzol 3 do 

Toluol, crude and refined 3 
gallons.. 

Solvent naphtha 3 do 

Xylol 3 do 

Other light oil products * 

gallons.. 

Naphthalene, crude and refined s 

pounds.. 

Anthracene, crude (less than 30 

percent) 2 pounds.. 

Cumene 2 gallons.. 

Cresylic acid (less than 75 per- 
cent) 2 ...gallons.. 

High residue oils 2 do 

Pyridine 2 do 

Crude-tar acids 8 do 

Cresote oil do 



11, 19, 55, 56, 100, 114, 
157, 176, 183, 184, X. 

19, 56, 114, 119, 157, 176, 
183, 184, 188, X. 

114, 183 



19 

11, 19. 



560, 385, 578 

170, 234, 202 
19, 412, 593 

85, 672, 953 
19, 807, 383 

5, 189, 232 
4, 216, 081 
12, 930, 846 

89, 536, 202 



358, 182, 759 

10, 363, 176 
19, 145, 088 

84, 761, 655 
19, 695, 792 

4, 961, 433 
4, 206, 525 
7, 803, 655 

74, 053, 605 



Tars, crude and refined ' do 

Tars, road 2 . do 

Other distillates 2 do 

Pitch of tar tons.. 

Pitch of tar coke 2 do 

Total 



119 

19, 183 

11, 19, 100, 104, 114, 119, 

183, 184, 188, X, X. 
11, 19, 24, 55, 56, 100, 104, 

107, 114, 119, 123, 157. 

1S3, 184, 188. 
11, 19, 24, 55, 56, 100, 114, 

119, 157, 176, 183, 184, 

188 
11, 19, 100, 107, 119, 176, 

183, 184, 188.X. 

19, 55, 100, 119, 171, 183, 

184, X. 

11, 19, 24, 55, 56, 100, 107, 
114, 119, 123, 183, 184, 
188 X 

11, 19, 107, 119, 171, 183, 
184. 



14, 390, 685 
101, 758, 256 

19, 273, 185 

140, 759, 387 

16, 219, 231 

451, 532 

91, 229 



1, 330, 715 
93, 215, 599 

18, 584, 715 

140, 367, 418 

6, 766, 387 

365, 390 

74, 664 



$15, 328, 340 

971, 764 
2, 675, 932 

7, 628, 935 
5, 403, 424 

916, 505 
1. 121,032 
1, 293, 114 

1, 466, 467 



i 423, 522 

182, 908 
10. 294, 159 

1, 467, 847 

11,303,496 
1, 057, 100 
4, 597, 213 

849, 336 



0.04 



.14 
.11 

.08 

.08 

.16 

12.58 

11.38 



66, 981, 094 



i Data for coke ovens reporting to Bureau of Mines, and for tar refineries and others reporting to U. S. 
Tariff Commission, unless otherwise noted. 

2 Reported to U. S. Tariff Commission only. 

3 Reported to Bureau of Mines only. 

* Includes other light oil products of Bureau of Mines and all of the light oil products reported to U. S. 
Tariff Commission. 

8 Includes crude and refined naphthalene reported to Bureau of Mines and crude naphthalene reported 
to U. S. Tariff Commission. 

• Includes phenol and sodium phenolate reported to Bureau of Mines. 



Coal-Tar Intermediates 



The production of coal-tar intermediates in 1936 exceeded that of 
any preceding year and was 17 percent greater than in 1935. Sales 
totaled 223,118,979 pounds, or about 44 percent of the output, and were 
valued at $31,805,792. As indicated by these figures, more than half 
of the output is consumed by the producer in making dyes and other 
finished products. Certain groups of products formerly included in 
these reports under intermediates, and so classified when imported, 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



13 



have been listed under "Miscellaneous finished coal-tar products." 
Among these are textile assistants, diazo salts, naphthol AS and de- 
rivatives, and certain solvents. Doubtless others now listed as 
intermediates would be more properly classified as finished products. 

While more than 535 products were reported under intermediates 
in 1936, about a dozen of them account for about 65 percent of the 
output. 

Increased production is shown for practically all intermediates, 
although those used in synthetic resin manufacture show the greatest 
gains. Production of phthalic anhydride increased 33 percent over 
1935; phenol, 12 percent; cresols, about 15 percent; and maleic acid 
and anhydride about 25 percent. Production of para dichlorobenzene 
increased 40 percent over the preceding year; aniline, 18 percent; 
H acid, 18 percent; and gamma acid, 15 percent. A decrease of 10 
percent occurred in the output of beta hydroxy naphthoic acid. 

Statistics of refined naphthalene broken down as to source of the 
crude material show that 45 percent by quantity was obtained from 
domestic crude and 55 percent from imported crude. The price of 
refined naphthalene averaged 6 cents per pound in 1936 as compared 
with 4.2 cents in 1935. 

There were 58 producers of coal-tar intermediates in 1936. 

Table 10. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1986 

[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on 
p. 95. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification num- 
ber with the designated product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that the sta- 
tistics of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information with regard to individual 
firms. The figures thus concealed, however, are included in the total] 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list on 
p. 95) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Acetanilide, tech 


44, 61,83, 161. 


Pounds 
180, 240 


Pounds 






Acetoacetanilide 


37, 61, 213 








Aceto-acet-o-chloroanilide 


213 










Acetoacetdichloroanilide 


66 .. 










Acetotoluide 


33, 148. 










Acetyldiaminoanthraquinone 


6_ 










Acetyl-p-phenvlenediamine (p- 


44, 61,83, 148 


238, 583 








amino acetanilide). 
Acetyl-p-phenylenediamine sul- 


83. 








fonic acid. 
Acetyl-p-toluidine 


61, 167, X 










Acridine yellow 


148 










l-Amino-4-acetvlamino-6 and 7- 


148 










naphthylamine sulfonic acid 
(acetylamino Cleve's acid). 
a-Aminoanthraquinone and salt 


61,83, 148 










b-Aminoanthraquinone 


61,83, 148 










Aminoazobenzene and hydrochlo- 


6,33,44,61,83, 148 

6, 33, 44, 61, 83, 148, 170. 
6, 148 


208, 381 
115, 447 








ride. 
Aminoazobenzene sulfonic acid 








Aminoazobenzene disulfonic acid 








Aminoazotoluene 


6, 33, 44, 61, 77, 83, 148, 

170. 
148... 


221, 563 








Aminoazotoluene mono sulfonate 








Aminoazoxylene 


6, 148 












33 










8-Amino-l:2-benzacridone 


61 










o-Aminobenzoic acid (anthranilic 


59, 61,83 










acid) . 
p-Aminobenzoic acid 


61 










Amino-5- benzoylaminoanthraqui- 


61 










none. 
m-Aminobenzoyl I acid 


148- 










m-Aminobenzo\i J acid 


61, 170 










p-Aminobenzoyl J acid 


61, 83, 148, 170 


64,143 








l-Amino-2-bromo-4-p-toluidine an- 


61 








thraquinone. 













14 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 10. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1986 — Con. 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list on 
p. 95) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 




61 


Pounds 


Pounds 








148.. 












61, 148 












148 












44.. 










l-Amino-2:4-dibromoanthraquinone. 


61, 148 












66,83. 












61 












5, 66, 219 










p- Aminodiphenvlamine 


61 










Aminodiphenylamine sulfonic acid.. 


44,83, 148 










p-Aminoethylbenzylaniline sulfonic 

acid. 
l-Amino-2-methyl-4-bromoanthra- 


61 










61 










quinone. 
l-Amino-2-methyl-4-p-toluidine an- 


61. 










thraquinone. 


61 










l-Amino-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid . - 


44, 61, 83, 148, 177 

44, 61, 148 


1, 576, 327 
82, 622 
114,257 

3, 509, 806 

473, 146 

1, 062, 399 
















l-Amino-8-naphthol-2:4-disulfonic 


44, 61, 148 








acid (Chicago acid). 
l-Amino-8-naphthol-3:6-disulfonic 


61, 83, 141, 148 








acid (H acid). 


5, 44, 61, 148 








(J acid). 


44, 61, 83, 148 


136, 953 


$102, 516 


$0.75 


(gamma acid). 
2-Amino-8-naphthol-3:6-disulfonic 


61, 148 




acid (2 R acid). 
Amino-l-naphthvlamine-6 and 7-sul- 


61 










fonic acid (amino Cleve's acid). 


61, 66, 219, 227 


25, 435 


25,560 


29, 850 


1.17 




44, 148 




p-Aminophenol and hydrochloride. . 

p-Aminophenylammonium-hydrox- 
ide. 


33, 44, 61, 66, 219, 227, 
229. 
X 


660, 030 


400, 673 


270, 454 


.68 


170 










ylie acid. 
p-Aminophenyl-p-tolylamine sul- 


44 










fonic acid. 


170, X 












6, 44, 148 












83 












X... 












X 4 . 












61 










quinone. 


44, 61, 148 


40, 947 










X, X 










170 












33, 59, 61, 138, 143, 148, 

X. 
61, 83, 148 


38, 495, 386 
81,968 


14, 955, 096 


1, 648, 545 


.11 








X 










61, 143 












6, 148, 170... 












61, 143, 148... 










Anthranilic acid. (See o-Amino- 
benzoic acid.) 


148, X.... 












83, 148 












61,83 












61,83. 












61,83... 












61 . 












6,61,148 










(silver salt). 
Anthraquinone-2:7-disulfonate 


148 










61 












X 












170 












X .. 












83 












6,33,61,83,148 .. 












61 












44, 61, 148 









Benzidine hydrochloride and sulfate. 


5,61,83,148.x 


1, 680, 837 


191, 503 


104, 677 


.55 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 15 

Table 10. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1936 — Con. 



Name of intermediate 



Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list on 
p. 95) 



Produc- 
tion 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



Benzidine disulfonic acid 

Benzidine sulfonic acid 

Benzoic acid, tech 

Benzoic anhydride 

Benzotrichloride 

l-Benzoylamino-4-chloroanthraqui- 
none. 

l-Benzoylamino-5-chloroanthraqui- 
none. 

5-Benzoylamino-l : 1-dianthramide . . . 

l-Benzoylamino-5-p-toluene sulfonic 
anthraquinone. 

Benzoyl benzoic acid 

Benzoyl chloride. _ 

Benzoyl J acid 

Benzyl chloride 

Benzyl disulfide. 

Benzylidine aminopyrazolone 

Broenner's acid. (See 2-Naphthyl- 
amine-6-sulfonic acid.) 

Bromamine acid - 

Bromobenzanthrone 

Bromobenzene 

p-Bromomethylaminoanthraquinone. 

p-Bromophenol 

Butyl phenol (p-tertiary) 

Chicago acid. (See l-Amino-8-naph- 
thol-2:4-disulfonic acid.) 

Carboxy pyrazolone. 

o-Chloroac'etoacetanilide 

Chloroacetoacetylnaphthylamidfe 

l-Chloro-5-aminoantbraqi inone 

l-Chloro-8-aminoanthraquinone 

o-Chloroaminobenzoic acid 

Chloroaminophenol sulfonic acid 

o-Chloroaniline... 

m-Chloroaniline 

p-Chloroaniline - 

p-Chloroaniline sulfonic acid 

2-Chloroaniline-5-su lfonic acid 

Chloroanisidine _ 

Chloroanthraquinone 

o-Chlorobenzaldehyde 

Chlorobenzanthrone 

Chlorobenzene (mono) 

o-Chlorobenzoic acid 

Chlorobenzoyl benzoic acid 

l-Chloro-2-carboxy anthraquinone ... 

p-Chloro-m-cresol 

2-Chloro-l : 4-dihydroxy anthraqui- 
none (chloroquinizarin). 

Chlorometanilic acid 

Chloromethoxy bis uiazoethylene- 
diaminodiacetic acid. 

Chloromethylanthraquinone 

Chloronaphthalenes 

o-Chloro-p-nitroaniline 

p-Chloronitroaniline 

l-Chloro-5-nitroanthraquinone 

l-Chloro-8-nitroanthraqu inone 

4-Chloro-2-nitrctoluene. 

6-Chloro-2-nitrotoluene 

o-Chlorophenol. 

p-Chlorophenol 

Chlorophenylhydrazine - p - sulfonic 
acid. 

Chlorophenylmethylpyrazolone sul- 
fonic acid. 

2-Chloro-6-phenylphenol and sodium 
salt. 

4-Chloro-6-phenylphenol_ 

Chlorosulfophenylmethylpyrazolone. 

Chloro symmetrical xylenol.. 

Chlorotoluene... 

Chlorotoluene bis diazoethylene- 
diaminodiacetic acid. 

o-Chloro-p-toluene sodium sulfonate. 

Chloro-o-toluidine 



5, 6, 170, X... 

44 

61,95,99,143. 

83,99 

95,143 

61,83 



61. 



Pounds 
4,148 



Pounds 



95, 431 



86, 873 



$26, 265 



$0.30 



61, 148, X. 
95,99,X._ 
44 

99.X.X.. 



61— 
61— 
59, 66. 
83—. 
X.... 
59— 



6. 

37. 

170 

61 

61 - 

X.... 

44,61 

61,143,219 

143.... 

143 

6,44,61,83 

83 

99,219. 

33,61,83,148 

83,148— 

6,61,148. 

59, 61, 99, 143, 198. 

148.X 

33,61,83,148 

61.. 

19 - 

6,61,83,148 



61, 148. 
170.... 



374, 294 



1, 012, 669 
'""~29,"447 



33, 61, 83, 148. 

99, X 

33,59,61 

61,148,219— 

61 

61.. 

61. 

61 

143— 

59,143- 

83. 



80, 682 



110, 141 



59. 

61 

19 

61,99,148. 
170 



231, 985 



143 

61, 83, 148. 



Jg UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 10. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1936 — Con. 



Name of intermediate 



Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list on 
p. 95) 



Chlorotoluidine sulfonic acid 

Chlorotolylthioglycollic acid 

p-Chloro-p-xylidine , 

p-Chloroxylylthioglycollic acid 

Chromotropic acid. (See 1:8-Dihy- 

droxy naphthalene-3:6-disulfonic 

acid.) 
Cleve's acid. (See 1-Naphthyla- 

mine-6 and 7-sulfonic acid.) 

Copper phthalocyanine urea melt 

Cresidine - 

Cresols ... 

o-Cresol. 

m-Cresol 

p-Cresol - 

Cresol, meta-para 

o-Cresotinie acid 

Cresylic acid (refined). 

Cumidine --- 

Cyclohexylamine 

Dehydrothio-p-toluidine 

Dehydrothio-p-toluidine sulfonic 

acid. 

m-Diaminoanisole_ - 

Diaminoanthraquinone 

2:6-Diaminoanthraquirone 

Diaminoanthrarufin 

Diaminodibenzanthronyl... 

Diaminodimethylacridine 

4:4 - Diamino - 2:2 - dimethyldi- 

phenylmethane. 

Diaminodimethylphenylacridine 

1:8 - Diamino - 4:5 - dinitroanthraqui- 

none. 
Diaminodiphenylamine sulfonic acid. 

Diaminomethylphenylacridine 

Diaminophenetol 

Diaminostilbene disulfonic acid 

1:5 - Dianilidoanthraquinone-o-o-di- 

carhoxylic acid (dicarboxylic-an- 

thraquinone). 

Dianisidine 

l:l-Dianthraehinylamine 

l:l-Dianthraquinone imine 

l:l-Dianthraquinone imine diamino. 
l:l-Dianthraquinone imine-4:4-d i - 

benzoyl diamino. 
l:l-Diamhraquinone imine-4:5- d i - 

benzoyl diamino. 
l:l-Dianthraquinone imine dinitro.. - 
l-Diazo-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid... 

Diazosalicylic acid 

Dibenzncridone trianthrimid. 

Dibenzanthrone 

2:2-Dibenzanthronyl__ 

13:13-Dibenzanthronyl 

13:13-Dibenzanthronyl selenide 

Dibenzyl aniline 

Dibenzyl disulfide 

Dibromoaminoanthraquinone 

Dibromopyranthrone 

Dichloroaniline 

Dichloroaniline nitrosamine 

Dichloroaniline sulfonic acid 

l:5-Dichloroanthraquinone 

1:8-Dichloroanthraquinone 

l:8-Dichloroanthraquinone - 4:5 - di- 
sulfonic acid. 

2:6-Dichlornbenzal chloride.. 

o-Dichlorobenzene 

p-Dichlorubenzene 

Dichlorobenzidine 

1:8 - Dichloro - 4:5 - ditutroanthraqui- 

none. 

Dichlorohydrnzine sulfonic acid 

3:4-Dichlorophenol ... 

Dichloro phenylmeth ylpyrazolone 

carboxjlic acid. 
Dichlorosulfophenylpyrazolone 



33, 44, 61, X. 

61,83 

61 

61,83.. 



61. 

61... 

19, 33, 119, 183, X. 

19, 33, 183, X 

19, X 



19 

19, 33, 183, X.. 
59, 148. — 

19, 119, 183, X. 

20, 148, 203 

143. 

61 

61, 148— 



219. 

6, 61, 83. 
61, 83—. 

6, 61 

61 

170 

148 



170. 
61.. 



5.6,44 

170. 

33. 

61, 83, 148. 
61 



44, 61. 



61_... 
61, 83. 
61 



148, 177. 
83, 148. . 



81, 049 



in 
II 
m 
61 
33,61 — 

61 

61 

61. 

61. 

59. 

6, 61, 83 

61 

44, 61, 99, 143, 148, 219. 241, 113 

83 

61 

33 

61 

S3 



Produc- 
tion 



Pounds 
263, 250 



10, 752 



107, 867 



181, 750 



S3, 148, 170. 

61,83 

83 



61 

59, 61,99, 143 

59, 61, 99, 143, 198. 

44, 148 

61 



170. 
6L. 
170. 



170. 



35, 711 



3, 226, 899 
9, 581, 401 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Pounds 



81, 062 



2, 958, 375 
9, 204, 133 



$34, 739 



134, 300 
934, 313 



Unit 
value 



$0.43 



.05 
.10 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 17 

Table 10. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1936 — Con. 



Name of intermediate 



Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list on 
p. 95) 



Produc- 
tion 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



Dichlorosulfophenylmethylpyrazo- 

lone. 

2:5-Diethoxy aniline..- - 

Diethylaminohenzaldehyde. 

Diothyl-m-aminophenol 

Diethylaniline 1 

Diethylanilinp-m-sulfonieacid- 

Diethyl-a-naphthylamine - 

l:4-Dihydroxy anthraquinonp (quin- 

lzarin). 
l:5-Dihydroxy anthraquinone (an- 

thrarufm). 
l:8-Dihydroxy anthraquinone (chry- 

sazin). 
5:5 - Dihydroxy - 7:7 -disulfonic - 2:2 - 

dmaphthvlamire(P.hodulineacid). 
5:5 - Dihydroxy - 7:7 - disulfonic - 2:2 - 

dmaphthylurea (J acid urea). 

l:5-Dihydroxynaphthalene 

l:8-Dihydroxynaphthalene - 3:0 - 

disulfonic acid (chromotropic acid). 
6:5 - Dihydroxy - di - b - naphthyl- 

amine-7:7-disulfonic acid (I acid 

imide). 

2:5-Dimethoxy aniline 

Dimethylaniline 

Dimethyldianthraquinonyl 

Dinitroaniline 

Dinitroanthraquinone, 

4:8-Dinitroanthrarufin 

Dinitroanthrarufin disodium sulfon- 
ate. 

Dinitrobenzene 

Dinitrobenzene sulfonic acid-- -. 

Dinitrochlorobenzene 

Dinitrochrysazin disodium sulfonate. 

Dinitrodibenzanthronyl 

4:S-Dinitro-l :5-dinitrophenyl ether 

anthraquinone. 

Dinitrohydroxydiphenylamine. 

Dinitroraphthalene 

Dinitrophenetol 

Dinitrophpnol, tech 

Dinitrostilbene 

Dinitrostilbene disulfonic acid 

Dinitrotoluene -. 

Dinitrotoluene sulfonic acid 

Dioxamic acid 

l:5-Dioxaminoanthraquinone 

l:£-Dioxamino-4:8 dinitroanthraqui- 

none. 

Dioxy dibenzanthrone 

Dioxy S acid — 

Diphenoxy anthraquinone 

Diphenyl -. 

Diphenyl derivatives: 

o-Amino diphenyl - 

p-Amino diphenyl -- 

3-Brom o-4-hy droxydiphenyl 

Polychloro diphenyl 

Diphenylamine -. 

Diphenyl epsilon acid 

Diphenyltetrahydro glyoxaline ace- 
tate. 

Dipyrazol dianthrone 

Distilbenediphenol 

l:5-Di-p-toluidine anthraquinone 

l:8-Di-p-toluidine anthraquinone. ... 
l:4-Di-p-tolylaminoanthraquinone.-. 

Di-o-tolylethylenediamine 

6-Ethoxy-3-hydroxy thionaphtha- 

lene. 

Ethylamino-benzoate 

Ethyl-o-amino-p-cresol 

Ethylaniline (mono) 

Ethylbenzene 

Ethylbenzylaniline 

Ethylbenzylaniline sulfonic acid 

Ethylbenzyl benzoate 



44, 61, 170- 



Pounds 



Pounds 



170 

83- 



ei, 134. 

61, 148- 

ni, i;U- 

61 



5, 6, 15, 61, 83, 148, 229. 
61,83, 14S, X... 



270, 982 
307, 096 



28, 663 



$40, 594 



$1.42 



61 

44, 61, 83, 148. 



191,411 



83, 148 

44, 61, 148. 



148- 



61 

33, 61, 148 

33. 61, 83, 148. 
6, 33, 143, 148- 

6, 61 

61 

61 - 



3, 2J4, 468 
57. 244 



33,61, 148 

44 

33, 61, 83, 143, 148- 

61 

61 

61 



1, 816, 490 



8, 254, 081 



727, 530 



87. 792 



.12 



44- 

83 

33 

6, 61, 83, 148. 

01 

83,148 

33,61,148-- 

44 

83 

61 

61 - 



61 

61 

6, 61— 
59, 144- 



143 

143 

59 
143,144.- 

61 

61, 148, X. 
X 



34, 513 



61-. 
148- 
61- 
61- 
61- 
X- 
61- 



X- 

61. — - 

61,148 

59 

61,148 

44, 61, 83, 148- 
X 



435, 219 



jg UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 10. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1936 — Con. 



Name of intermediate 



Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list on 
p. 95) 



Produc- 
tion 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



Ethylbenzyl-m-toluidine 

Ethylbenzyl-m-toluidine sulfonic 
acid. 

Ethyl indamine... 

Ethyl phenazine 

a-Ethyl-b-propylacrylaniline 

Ethyl salicyl carbonate -. 

Ethyl-m-toluidine 

Ethyl-o-toluidine.. 

Ethyl-o-toluidine-p-sulfonic acid 

Fast yellow L 

Fluorescein— 

Fumaricacid --- 

Furoylaminodimethoxy aniline. 

Gamma acid. (See 2-Amino-8-naph- 

thol-6-sulfonic acid.) 
Qamma - bromopropyl - p - nitroben- 

zoate. 
H acid. (See l-Amino-8-naphthol- 

3:6-disulfonic acid.) 

Hexachlorodipheny 1 oxide 

2:l-2:l-Hydrazinedibromoanthraqui 

none. 

a-Hydroxyanthraquinone 

l-Hydroxy-2:4-dianilido anthraqui- 

none. 

b-Hydroxy naphthoic acid 

l-Hydroxy-4-nitroanthraquinone 

l-Hydroxy-4-p-tolyl aminoanthra- 

quinone. 

Indamine 

Indophenol (blue and green) 

Iaopropyl ester of p-toluidine sulfonic 

acid. 

Iso resinduline 

Iso violanthrone --- 

Laurent's acid. (See 1-Naphthyl- 

amine-5-sulfonic acid.) 
Lead trinitroresorcinate (lead styph- 

nate) . 
Leuco-l:4-dimethyldiaminoanthra- 

quinone. 

Leuco quinizarin 

Maleic acid and anhydride 

Malic acid - - 

Metanilic acid — .. 

Methoxychlorobenzene diazoamino 

carboxypyrrolidine. 

Methoxy omega sulfonic acid.. 

Methylaminoanthraquinone 

l-Methylamino-4-bromoanthraqui- 

none. 
4-M e t h y 1-4-aminodiphenylamine- 

2-sulfonic acid. 
l-Methylamino-4-p-toluidineanthra- 

quinone. 

b-Methylanthraquinone.. 

2-Methylbenzanthrone 

Methylpyridone-4-bromoanthraqui- 

none. 
Methylpyridone-4-p-toluidine an- 

thraquinone. 

2-Methyl quinoline (quinaldine) 

Michler's hydrol. (See Tetramethyl- 

diaminobenzhydrol.) 
Michler's ketone. (See Tetramethyl- 

diaminobenzophenone.) 

Monobenzene-p-aminophenol - 

Naphthalene, solidifying 79° C. or 

above (refined, flake): total. 

From domestic crude.. 

From imported crude 

1:5-Naphthalene disulfonic acid 

2:7-Naphthalene disulfonic acid 

Naphthalene sodium sulfonate 

b-Naphthalene sulfonic acid 

Naphthalene-b-thioglycollic acid 

Naphthalene-l:3:6-trisulfonic acid... 
Naphthionic acid. (See 1-Naphthyl 

amine-4-sulfonic acid.) 



61,148— 
61, 83, 148. 



5 

5 

X 

59 

61, 148. 

61 

61 

5 

96, 152. 

X 

170— 



Pounds 



Pounds 



33, 319 



6,61. 
61... 



61, 83, 148. 

61 

61 



823, 856 



525, 347 



$504, 551 



$0.96 



5— 

5,61. 
61— 



61— 
6,61. 



01. 



6,61, X- 

8, 143, 148 

148 

5, 44, 61, 83, 148. 
170. 



83, 148. 
61 



33, 61. 
148— 
61— 



01. 



19, 148- 



19, 55, 61, 183, 193, 201, 
225, X, X. 



44, 61, 83, 148. 

61, 148, X 

83 
61,~148,~X-— 

61,83 

83. 



406, 060 



52, 694, 140 

23, 797, 714 

28, 896, 426 

313, 802 

93,026 



30, 499, 363 



1, 841, 470 



.06 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS \ 9 

Table 10. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1936 — Con. 



Name of intermediate 



Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list on 
p. 95) 



Produc- 
tion 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



a-Naphthol 

a-Naphthol-3:6-disulfonicacid 

b-Naphthol, tech 

l-Naphthol-8-chloro -3:6- disulfonic 

acid (chloro H acid). 
l-Naphthol-4-sulfonic acid (Nevile & 

Winther's acid). 

i-Naphthol-5-sulfonic acid... - 

2-Naphthol sulfonic acid 

2-Naphthol-6-sulfonic acid (Schaef- 

fer's acid). 

2-Naphthol-7-sulfonic acid 

2-Naphthol-8-sulfonic acid 

2-Naphthol-3:6-disulfonic acid.. 

2-Naphthol-6:8-disulfonicacid 

Naphthsulton sulfonic acid 1:8:3 

Naphthsulton disulfonic acid 1:8:3:6. 

a-Naphthylamine 

a-Naphthylamine disulfonic acid 

b-Naphthylamine 

l-Naphthylamine-2-sulfonic acid 

(o-naphthionic aicd). 
1-Naphthylamine - 4 - sulfonic acid 

(naphthionic acid). 
1-Naphthylamine - 5 - sulfonic acid 

(Laurent's acid). 

l-Naphtyhlamine-6-sulfonic acid 

1-Naphthylamine -6 -and 7 -sulfonic 

acid (Cleve's acid). 

l-Naphthylamine-7-sulfonicacid 

l-Naphthylamine-8-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-3 : 8-disulfonic acid . 
l-Naphthylamine-4 : 8-disulfonic acid . 
1-Naphthylamine - 3:6:8 - trisulfonic 

acid. 
2-Naphthylamine - 1 - sulfonic acid 

(Tobias acid). 
2-Naphthylamine-6-sulfonic acid 

(Broenner's acid). 
Naphthylamine disulfonic acid 2: 5: 7. 
2-Naphthylamme-3:6-disulfonicacid. 
2-Naphthylamine-4: 8-disulfonic acid. 
2-Naphthylamine-5 : 7-d isulf onic acid . 
2-Naphthylamine-6: 8-disulfonic acid. 
2-Naphthylamine-2: 3: 6-tris u 1 f n i c 

acid. 
2-Naphthylamine-3 : 6 : 8-tris u 1 f n i c 

acid. 
l-Naphthylamino-2-carboxylic acid 

anthraquinone. 

p-Nitroacetanilide.. 

Nitroacetoacetylnaphthylamide 

3-Nitro-4-aminoanisole 

4-Nitro-2-aminoanisole 

5-Nitro-2-aminoanisole.. 

Nitroaminodiphenylamine sulfonic 

acid. 
p-Nitro - p - aminodiphenylamine - 0- 

sulfonic acid. 

Nitroaminophenol 

4 Nitro - 4 - amino -2-sulfodiphenyl- 

amine. 

o-Nitroaniline 

m-Nitroaniline-_ - 

p-Nitroaniline 

p-Nitroaniline sulfate 

p-Nitroaniline sulfonic acid 

p-Nitro-o-anisidine 

o-Nitroanisole 

p-Nitroanisole -- 

Nitrobenzene 

Nitrobenzene sulfonic acid 

Nit roben zene-2 : 5-disulf on ic acid 

m-Nitrobenzoic acid. 

p-Nitrobenzoic acid 

m-Nitrobenzoyl chloride.. 

p-Nitrobenzoyl chloride 

p-Nitrobenzoyl J acid 

m-Nitrobenzoyl sulfonic acid 

o-Nitrochlorobenzene 



44,61,83,148- 

44 

44. 148, X, X. 
148 



Pounds 
1, 140, 354 



Pounds 



5, 44, 61, 148. 



44,61,83,148 

61 

5, 33, 44, 61, 83, 148. 



44,61,X 

44 

44, 61, 83, 148, X. 

44,61,83,148 

44 » 

44 

61,83,148 

61 

44,61,148. 

61 



192, 957 
106, 633 



20, 984 



$12,761 



$0.61 



244, 749 
51, 121 



32, 175 



12, 499 



638, 030 
1, 365, 855 



163, 457 



83, 191 



.51 



3, 479, 594 



44, 14S, X. 



5,61,83,148. 



44, 61, 148. 
5,44,61— 



174,937 



44, 61, 148. 
5,61,148.. 
44,61,148. 
44, 61, 148. 
61, 83, 148. 



5, 33, 44, 61, X. 
44,61,148 



412, 195 

70, 451 

341,011 

4,937,113 

1,042,570 

40, 077 



497, 143 



316,471 



.64 



44.. 

148 

44, 61, 83, 148. 
44,61,148-- 

44,61,148 

44. 



221, 731 



148. 



61. 



5, 44, 83. 

170 

148 

148 

61 

6 



61. 



5,6,44,61,83,148. 
148 



127, 232 



143 

33, 44, 61, 219- 
6,143 



194, 250 



111,847 



68, 142 



33, 44, 61, 83, 148. 

61,83 

61,143 

61,143,148 

33,61, 148.X 

44,61,148. 

44 

61 

61- 

61,99 

61,99 

83— 

6 

61,143 



101, 835 



53, 669, 834 



4, 304, 101 



312, 304 



20 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 10. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1936 — Con. 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list on 
p. 95) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


o-Nitrochlorobenzene-p-sulfonicacid. 


148 .- 


Pounds 


Pounds 






61,143 












61, 143 










p-Nitrochlorobenzene-o-sulfonicacid. 


6,44,61,83,148 


308, 966 








1,44,61 










61 












83,148 










fonic acid. 


44,219 












61,83,148 


4, 558, 609 








2-Nitronaph thalene-4 : 8-d i s u 1 f o n i c 
acid. 


44,148 








61 












61,219 












33,61,143,219. 












83 ».. 










Nitrophenylmethylpyrazolone 


170 .. 










6 












83 -. 












83 












6,61, 148 


44, 498 










83 










33,44,61,66,148 

33,61, 148 


589, 178 


















61, 148 . 












6,44 












61 












61,148... 










p-N itrotoluerie-o-sulfonic acid . 


5,44,61,83,148 


989, 086 
634, 278 








1, 33, 44, 61, 83, 167, X. .. 
61 


625,861 


$789, 430 


$1.26 








61,148 












61,83,148 


I 33, 741 








Oxalyl-m-phenylenediamine 


61,148 




61,83,148 










148 






61,83.. 












99 .. 












59 . 












5 .. 












61,143 












59,61,143... 












19, 33, 59, 119, 143, 183, 

X. 
44,61,148 


48, 723, 990 
59, 061 


40, 941, 710 


4, 234, 643 


.10 






fonic acid (phenyl J acid). 


61,148 — 








fonic acid (phenyl gamma acid) . 


X 












1... 












X... 












6,33,44,61,148,177.... 
44, 61, 83, 148 


746, 528 
77, 480 








m-Phenylenediamine sulfonic acid 








44,67, 219, X .. 








p-Phenylenediamine hydrochloride. . 
p-Phenylenediamine sulfonic acid 


67 










44,83 










59,61,148-.- 


7, 219, 554 










59, 170 










6, 83, 170, 203 


76, 499 










1, X 










33, 59,61, 170, X... 










l-Phenyl-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone (de- 
veloper Z). 


170 










83 










acid. 
Phenyl-l-naphthylamine-8-sulfonic 
acid. 


5, 61, 83, 148 


292, 183 








59 - 










59 












61 










Phthalates. (See Miscellaneous 
group— table 18.) 


8,61,143,148 


31, 244, 378 


22, 905, 873 


2, 824, 471 


.12 




61 






143 .. 












19 












33, 61, 148 


116,437 










61, 99, 143 








Primuline, base 


44,61,83,148 











DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 21 

Table 10. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1936 — Con. 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list on 
p. 95) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 




83,166 


Pounds 


Pounds 








170 












167 












61 












6 










Quinaldine. (See 2-Methyl quino- 
line.) 


134,148 












19 










Quinoline derivatives... 


134 












83 










Resorcinol, tech 


61,167 










Rhoduline acid. (See 5:5-Dihy- 
droxy-7:7-disulfonic-2:2-dinaph- 
thylamine.) 

Rubber chemicals. (See Rubber 
chemicals — table 17.) 


59,61,148 -. 












61... 










Schaeffer's acid. (See 2-Naphthol-6- 

sulfonic acid.) 
Silver salt. (See Anthraquinone-2- 

sodium sulfonate.) 


61 












61 












6- - 












59 












148, X 












X 












6, 33, 44, 61, 148, 219 

61 -. 


1, 678, 296 
















p-Sulfo-o-benzoyl benzoic acid (sulfo 
BB acid). 


61.. 










61 












61,170 












170 










boxylic acid. 


61,148,170 












59 










ium salt. 


148 












61,83 










(ethyl ketone). 


170 










Tetramethyldiaminobenzhydrol 

(Michler's hydrol). 
Tetramethyldiaminobenzophenone 

(Michler's ketone). 
Tetramethyldiaminodiphenyl- 

methane. 
Tetramethyldiaminodiphenyl- 

methane sulfonate. 


61, 83 . 










61,83,148 










33,61,83,134,148,170.. 
148 


692, 943 














5,61,148 












148 












148 












44,61,148 












44, 170.X... 












143 












143 .. 












143. 










p-Toluene sulfonic acid ethyl ester 


6 










33,61... 












33,61,148... 










o-Toluidine omega sulfonic acid 


148 










33,61,148... 












61, 148 . 












61, 148 












61, 148 .. 












6 












33,148 












33,44,61,83,148 

44,61,148 


1, 159, 945 


374, 424 


$237, 150 


$0.63 








33 












61 










Tolyl-l-naphthylamine-8-sulfonic 
acid (tolyl peri acid). 


5,61,83,148 










59,99 























22 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 10. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1936 — Con. 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list on 
p. 95) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Tricresylphosphate 


41,143,161 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Trinitrophenol 


61,148 












X 












83.. 












41,59,143 












61, X 












33,183 










3:5-Xylenol_ 


19... 












61, 148 












33,61,148. 


37, 648 










61,148. 










148 












6,61,148 .. 












61,X,X 






















Total intermediates: 

For which individual sta- 


301, 321, 646 
208, 384, 309 


129, 798, 706 
93, 320, 273 


$14,651,128 
17, 154, 664 


$0.11 


For which individual sta- 




.18 










509, 705, 955 


223, 118, 979 


31, 805, 792 


.14 









Dyes and Other Synthetic Organic Products 
introduction 

This report differs somewhat from earlier reports in the grouping of 
the several classes of synthetic organic chemicals. In the past two 
basic classes were shown: (a) Coal-tar products, and (6) non-coal-tar 
products. These were then divided into groups of related commodi- 
ties. In this report the related commodities are combined in one 
table, subdivided to show those of coal-tar origin and those not of 
coal-tar origin. This method permits the bringing together of related 
synthetic chemicals regardless of origin. The groups shown are (1) 
dyes, (2) color lakes and toners, (3) medicinals, (4) flavors and perfume 
materials, (5) synthetic resins, (6) synthetic rubber chemicals, and (7) 
miscellaneous synthetic products. The first two of these groups are 
entirely of coal-tar origin. Photographic chemicals, heretofore listed 
separately, are shown under (7) miscellaneous products. 

dyes 

The production of dyes in 1936 exceeded that of any year since the 
establishment of a domestic industry. The output totaled 119,523,146 
pounds, with sales of 117,572,823 pounds valued at $63,685,557, or an 
average of 54 cents per pound. Production was 17 percent higher 
than in 1935, sales quantity 20 percent, and sales value 24 percent 
higher. There were 41 producers of coal-tar dyes in 1936. 

Dyes may be divided into two general groups: (a) Classified and (b) 
unclassified. In 1936 the production of classified dyes was 104,068,929 
pounds, with sales of 103,105,580 pounds valued at $46,497,383, or an 
average of 45 cents per pound. Sales of classified dyes represent 
about 88 percent by quantity and 73 percent by value of the total 
sales of dyes in 1936. As compared with the preceding year, produc- 
tion and sales of classified dyes increased about 15 percent. Among 
the classified dyes, the outstanding increases were in sulfur black, 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



23 



with an increase of 21 percent in output and of 19 percent in quantity 
of sales; synthetic indigo, with an increase of 32 percent in production 
and 27 percent in quantity of sales. Most other products included in 
this class were produced in greater quantities in 1936. 

The unclassified dyes are largely a group of higher-priced specialties 
whose composition is not usually known to anyone besides the maker, 
or they are products protected by patents. The production of these 
dyes increased 33 percent over 1935, to 15,454,217 pounds. Sales 
were 14,467,243 pounds valued at $17,188,174, a gain of 37 percent 
by quantity and of 53 percent by value, over the preceding year. The 
unit value of sales increased from $1.06 per pound in 1935 to $1.19 in 
1936. An important group of unclassified dyes consists of those used 
to color synthetic fibers, especially acetate silk. The output of these 
dyes increased 22 percent over 1935, to 2,389,885 pounds. Sales of 
1,943,406 pounds valued at $2,473,296 represent an increase of 31 
percent both by quantity and by value over the preceding year. 

Table 11. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, 1986 

[The numbers in the third column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on p. 95. 
An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number with 
the designated product. Blanks in the fourth, fifth, and sixth columns indicate that the statistics of 
production or sales cannot be published without revealing information with regard to individual firms. 
The figures thus concealed however, are included in the total] 



Col- 


Name of dye 


Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list on 
p. 95) 


Production 


Sales 


In- 
dex 

No. 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


2 


Classified Dyes 
nitroso dyes 


83 


Pounds 


Pounds 






5 




5,33 










10 


NITKO DYES 


33,44, 148, X. 










16 


AZO DYES 

Monoazo dyes 


6 










17 




6,33,53, 77,83, 148 

6,33,53,77,83, 148..... 
33, 53,83, 148 


63, 766 
25, 266 


52, 747 
25,594 


$46, 012 
17, 232 


$0.87 
.67 


19 




20 






21 




33,83, 148 










23 




53 










24 




6, 33, 53,61,83, 148 

6, 44, 148 


286, 584 


251, 085 


126, 394 


.50 


26 






27 




33, 44, 61, 83, 148 

148. 


190, 256 


187, 690 


90, 850 


.48 


29 






30 




6, 148—. 










31 
36 


Amido naphthol red G 


5, 6, 33, 44, 61, 83, 148- 

6, 44, 83, X 


404, 452 
150, 855 
113, 804 


401, 356 
151, 885 
94, 733 


136, 631 
64, 956 
48, 999 


.34 

.43 


40 




5, 6, 33, 44, 83, 210, X.. 

6, 44, 83 


.52 


52 






53 




33.44,61,83, 148 

X 


98, 108 


117, 784 


69, 988 


.59 


54 






56 




44, 148 










57 
69 


Amido naphthol red 6B 


5, 6, 33, 44, 61, 83, 148.. 
196 


270,441 


270, 942 


117, 942 


.44 


73 




6,33,53,77,83, 148 

5, 6, 33, 44, 61, 83, 148, X. 
83 


21,850 
349, 789 


16, 233 
304, 563 


14, 978 
124, 350 


.92 


79 




.41 


83 






84 




61 










88 




5, 6, 33, 44, 61, 83, 148.. 
61 


84,556 


90, 881 


41,017 


.45 


90 






98 




44, 83 










99 


Palatine chrome green Q 


83 










101 


33, 177, X 










105 


Acid chrome brown R 


5,61. 











24 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 11. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, 1936 — Continued 



Name of dye 



Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list on 
p. 95) 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Classified Dyes— Continued 

azo dyes— continued 

Monoazo dyes— Continued 



Chrome flavine G 

Azo eosine G 

Eosamine G 

Chrome yellow 5G . 

Direct pink E2GN 

Direct pink 

Direct pink EBN 

Metanil yellow. 

Methyl orange.. 

Azo flavine 2R 

Azo yellow 

Resorcin yellow 

Orange II 

Permanent orange R 

Orange R... 

Lake red 4B 

Lake red C (100 percent). 

Acid chrome brown B 

Acid chrome garnet R... 

Chrome violet R 

Chrome Wack PV 

Acid alizarin black R 

Acid brown R 

Fast red A 

Azo rubine 

Fast red VR 

Croceine scarlet 3BX 

Amaranth 

Cochineal red 

Lake red R (100 percent). 

Mordant yellow 

Chrome yellow RN 

Chrome blue black B 

Chrome blue black U 

Chrome black T 

Chrome black A 

Fast acid blue R 

Fast acid blue B 

Lnke red D 

rbrome red B 

Eriochrome flavine A 

Direct pink R 



Dhazo dyes 



Resorcin brown B 

Resorcin dark brown 

Acid chrome brown G 

Acid black 10B 

Acid dark ereen A 

Cloth red R 

Brilliant croceine 

Cloth red 3G 

Sudan IV 

Clnth red 2B 

Neutral gray G 

Milling oranee G 

Cloth scarlet G 

Direct fast red 8BL 

Scarlet EC 

Fast cyanine G 

Fast cyanine 5R 

Naphthalene acid black 4B... 

Acid black B 

Chrome black F 

Chrome blue green B 

Fast acid black N2B. 

Fast acid black F 

Fast cyanine black B 

Naphthylamine black D 

Developed blue NA 

Developed blue B 

Direct fast heliotrope 2B 

Developed brilliant orange 

GR 

Diamine brilliant violet B 



Pounds 



Pounds 



148 

61 

6, 44, 61, 83, 148. 
61 



478, 487 



$248, 166 



83... — 

6, 61, 83, 148.. 

5, 33, 83, 148.. 
33, 44, 96, 148. 

6, 134, X 

33, 61, 148 

44,61, 148 

33, 61, X 

148 

44,83, 148 

44,61, 148 

83, 148.. 

83 

83 



92, 581 



97, 296 



229, 516 



248, 153 



17,084 



33, 44, 61, 83, 148. 
6, 44, 61, 83, 148... 

33,44,83, 148 

44 



105, 633 
151, 680 
94, 832 



108, 838 
133, 858 
109, 407 



6,44, 148 

33,44,83, 148.. 

44, 196—. 

44, 148. 

5, 148 

44,61,83, 148... 

44,61,83, 148... 

44,83, 148 

44, 83, 148, 177 

5.61, S3, 148 

61,83, 148 

36, 118, 196, 229 

5,44,61.83,96,148,229. 

61. 83, X 

61 



24, 718 
90,087 



1,991,635 



1, 896, 978 



186, 748 
22, 450 
18, 104 
68, 427 



157, 638 

25, 474 

8,935 

80, 073 



6,33,44,61,83,148,228.. 

5,6,33,53,83,148 

61 



423, 244 



387, 727 
72, 916 



5, 6, 33, 44, 61, 83, 148, 228 

44,53,61 

44 



33, 44, 61, 83, 148, X.. 

61 

44,53,61,77,148 

6,44,83,148.. 

61, X 

5,6,33,44,83 

6, S3. 44, 61, 228 

5, 6. 33, 61, 83, 148, 228, X 

6,83,148 

5,83, 148.X.... 

5, 61, 83, 148, X 

83 



1, 447, 223 
"""438,669 



1, 505, 540 
""448," 487 



33, 307 



34, 121 



63, 536 

13,436 

154, 162 



37, 499 

9,079 

150, 836 



40, 882 
593, 923 



43, 597 
585, 897 



148 

44,61,83, 148. - 

5,61 

44,61,83.. 

83 

5, 61, 83, 148, X. 
83 



158, 371 



198, 492 



258, 635 



240, 601 



61,83,148. 
61.83,148. 
61,83 



61, 83, 170. 
83. 



71, 986 



14, 469 



55, 263 
70, 959 
53, 457 



14, 043 
43, 588 



549, 184 



82, 542 

16,699 

7,181 

48, 197 



209, 223 
54, 389 



596, 268 
"323," 337 



21,305 



18, 040 

9,060 

300, 199 



31,217 
347, 700 



93, 859 



153, 952 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 25 

Table 11. — Coal-tar dyes: United States -production and sales, 19S6 — Continued 



Name of dye 



Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list on 
p. 95) 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Classified Dyes— Continued 

azo dyes — continued 

Disazo dyes— Continued 

Direct fast scarlet 

Direct fast scarlet 4BS- 

Bismarck brown 

Bismarck brown 2R 

Acid chrome black F 

Chrome fast yellow C 

Direct fast yellow 5GL 

Direct fast pink 2BL 

Paper yellow 

Chrysophenine G 

Congo red 

Direct orange TA 

Congo corinth G 

Direct rubine 

Direct scarlet B 

Direct violet 

Direct violet B 

Direct violet N 

Developed black RO 

Developed black BHN 

Direct cyanine R 

Direct blue 2B. 

Direct orange DB 

Chrysamine G 

Cresotine yellow G 

Direct orange R 

Direct fast red F 

Direct brown M. 

Direct brown B 

Polar red G 

Acid chrome red 

Direct brilliant red 8B 

Milling red 2G 

Direct orange RT 

Benzopurpurine 4B 

Direct blue R 

Direct mauve B 

Direct blue 3R 

Direct blue BX 

Direct blue 3B 

Direct orange G 

Acid milling red B 

Benzopurpurine 10B 

Direct azurine G 

Direct brilliant blue G 

Direct blue RW 

Direct blue B 

Direct pure blue 6B 

Trisazo dyes 

Direct pure blue 

Direct fast blue FR 

Naphthogene blue 4R 

Direct fast black FF 

Pluto black 5BS 

Diazo black RS 

Direct brown BT 

Direct fast blue R 

Direct fast blue B 

Direct brown T2G 

Direct black EW 

Direct black RX 

Direct green ET 

Chloramine green B 

Direct steel blue G 

Direct green B 

Direct green G 

Direct olive G 

Direct brown 3GO... 

Congo brown G 

Congo brown R 



44,61,83,148— 

44,83 

33,61,83,148 

33, 44, 61, 83, 148- 

6,83. 

5 



Pounds 
542, 782 



Pounds 
569, 120 



$563, 571 



103, 623 
804, 701 



88, 003 
774, 475 



34, 446 
291,401 



61,83... 

33,61,83,148 

33,61,83,148... 

61,148 

61,148 

148 

5,6,33,61,148,228 

44, X 

6,33,44,83, 148, 228, X.. 
44 



27, 405 
216, 897 



28, 535 
213, 158 



51, 899 
152, 857 



242, 750 
"i40,~727" 



224, 404 
"159," 981 ' 



150, 104 



154, 775 



5,44,61,148 

33, 44, 61, 83, 148- 
6 



43, 733 
84, 810 



41,397 
79, 558 



23, 903 
69, 295 



6,33,44,61,83,148,228.. 
148 

5, 6, 33, 44, 53, 61, 83, 

148, 228. 
61 



2, 389, 203 
*l,"l77,"§67 



2, 469, 749 
"I," 085," 588 



819, 936 
"240," 622 



61,X 

33,44,148,228 

44,61,83 

6, 33, 44, 61, 83, 148, 228 
5, 6, 33, 44, 61, 83, 148, 228 

5,33,228 

44,61,83, 148.X, X.. 

61,83 

44 



28, 067 



20, 739 



9,996 



421, 637 
463, 828 



355, 852 
462, 988 



237, 852 
229, 710 



5,6,33,44,X,X__ 

6,148 - 

44,61,148 

61 

148 

44,148 

44,61,148 

5, 6, 44, 53, 61, 148_ 

6,44,148 

5, 6, 33, 83, 170, X. 

44,61,148 

44,61,148 

61 

6,44,61,83, 148... 

148 

6,44,61,83,148.- 



13, 828 



15, 381 
"641," 113 



14, 160 



317, 828 



108, 253 
""42,"l74" 



23, 405 
98, 258 



9,117 
29, 315 



5, 33, 44, 61, 83, 148- 
61 



142, 285 
"l88,"990' 
~449,"561 

101,563 



38, 542 
22,415 
115,932 



33, 223 
21, 453 
72, 737 



182, 448 
"446,"604 



90, 156 



139, 714 
"§66,"894 



46, 567 



83 

6, 44,"6i,"83,"l4JT 

83 



512, 272 



465, 404 



225, 655 



61,148 

6,61,83, 148, 170, 228.X. 
44 



222, 032 



235, 965 



280, 500 



44,61,148 

33 

33,"44,~6l,"83,"l48,"228" — 
5,33,44,61,83,148,228- 
5, 6, 33, 44, 61, 83, 148, 

33,44,61,83, 148,228— . 
61 



150, 210 



207, 031 



8, 174, 156 
665, 555 
109, 154 

52, 939 



8, 152, 170 
661, 183 
102, 707 

79, 343 



2, 088, 193 
191, 673 
42, 481 

27, 805 



5, 6, 33, 44, 61, 83, 148, 
177, 228. 

5,33,44,61,148,228 

83 



739, 230 
87,915 



758, 771 
85, 312 



267, 237 
37, 367 



5, 6, 33, 44, 53, 61, 83, 
148, 228. 

6, 44, 61, «3, 148.X 

61 



1, 097, 371 
244, 685 



1, 054, 741 
236, 027 



346, 287 
113, 167 



26 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 11. — Coal-tar dyes: United States 'production and sales, 1936 — Continued 



Col- 
our 


Name of dye 


Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list on 
p. 95) 


Production 


Sales 


In- 
dex 
No. 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


606 


Classified Dyes— Continued 

azo dyes— continued 

Tetrakisazo dyes 


33,53,83,228. 


Pounds 
14, 875 


Pounds 
16, 324 


$13, 383 


$0.82 




Total classified azo dyes. 

STILBENE DYES 








37, 598, 624 


36, 950, 028 


16, 107, 755 


.44 








620 


479, 010 
127, 459 
284, 621 


423, 035 
121, 321 


161,711 

79, 106 


.38 


621 




33, 61, 83, 148 


.65 


622 




33,44, 61,83 
















891, 090 










PYRAZOLONE DYES 


44 








631 










636 
639 


Fast light yellow 2G 

Fast light yeliow ... 

Tartrazine 


61, 83, 148, 170 

33. 44, 61, 83, 148, 170, 

X, X. 
6, 33, 83, 96, 148, 170, 

6, 33, '44, 61, 83, 148, X.. 

6, 148, 170 

61 


87, 150 


75, 117 
352, 747 

790, 931 

199, 632 
40, 871 


75,913 
295, 271 

517, 630 

173, 394 

48, 277 


1.01 
.84 


640 
652 


788, 613 

188, 646 
36, 654 


.65 

.87 


653 




1.18 


654 


Developed fast yellow 2G 




























KETONIMINE DYES 


33, 61, 134, 148 

148, X, X, X 




655 


768, 155 
302, 728 


792, 177 
290, 466 


720, 902 
299, 843 


.91 


657 


TRIPHENYLMETHANE AND Dl- 
PHENYLNAPHTHYLMETHANE 
DYES 


1.03 


658 


Rhoduline blue 6G_. 


83, 148 




662 




33, X, X 










663 


Setocyanine 


83 










666 


33, 44, 61, 83, 148, X... 
33, 83, 148 


70, 930 


88, 077 


90, 736 


1.03 


667 






670 




61, 83 










671 




61, 83, 148 










676 

677 


Para fuchsine 


152, X, X 

33, 44, X 


14, 723 


14, 396 


26, 838 


1.8f 


680 

681 


Methyl violet and base -. 


33, 61. 63, 83, 98, 148, 

X X 
61, 83, 148 


927, 152 


867, 914 


571, 894 


.66 


682 


Ethyl violet 


61, 83 










689 


Spirit blue 2B 


83 










691 




6 










695 


Acid violet 4BN 


33... 










696 


Fast acid violet 10B 


61, 134 










698 




44, 61,83, 148, X 

148 


295, 782 


277, 649 


255, 789 


.92 


699 






703 


Alkali blue 6B __ 


83 










705 


Methyl blue 


152 










706 




152 










707 




33, 83, X 










712 




148 










714 


Patent blue A 


83, 148 










720 




61, 83, 148, X 

83, 148, X 


98, 449 


81, 546 


150, 970 


1.85 


722 


Eriochrome cyanine R 




724 


61, 83 










728 




61 










729 




61, 83. 148, X 










735 




61, 134, 148 










737 




33, 61, 83 


204, 056 


179, 823 


94, 174 


.52 




Total triphenylmethane 
and diphenylnaph- 
thylmethane dyes. 






3, 685, 239 


3, 338. 759 


3, 694, 025 


1. 11 



















DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 27 

Table 11. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, 19S6 — Continued 



Name of dye 



Classified Dyes— Continued 

XANTHENE DYES 

Rhodamine B (100 percent) _ . 
Rhodamine 6G (100 percent) .. 

Fast acid violet A2R 

Uranine 

Eosine 

Tetrabromofluorescein (bro- 
mo acid). 

Ervthrosine 

Phloxine B 

Rose bengale 

Rose bengale B 



ACRIDINE DYES 



Acridine orange A_ 

Phosphine 

Phosphine2G 

Euchrysine 



QUINOLINE DYES 



Quinoline yellow 

Quinoline yellow KT extra. 



THIAZOLE DYES 



Primuline 

Direct pure yellow M 

Direct fast yellow 

Thioflavine T 

Direct brilliant flavine S. 



AZINE DYES 



Wool fast blue GL 

Safranine 

Acid cyanine BF 

Induline (spirit-soluble),.. 
Induliae (water-soluble),. 
Nigrosine (spirit-soluble) . 
Nigrosine (water-soluble) . 



Total azine dyes. 



ANILINE BLACK AND ALLIED 

DYES 



Diphenyl black base. 

New fast gray 

Fur black 



OXAZINE DYES 



Delphine blue B. 

Gallocyanine 

Cotton blue 

Nile blue BX-— 



Total oxazine dyes. 



THIAZINE DYES 



Methylene blue 

Methylene green B 

New methylene blue.. 
Brilliant chrome blue. 



SULFIDE DYES 



Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list on 
p. 95) 



Production 



61, 134. 
61, 134. 
90. 



6, 33, 96, 152, 180 

6, 33, 96, 148, 152, 180. 
6, 33, 96, 109, 152, X. 



152 

152. 
152. 
33.. 



83, 170 

33, 44, 61, 148, 170. 

170 

83, 170 



61, 134, 148, 
148 



44, 61, 148. 
61 



44, 61, 83, 148, 166. 
61 

166 .... 



61, 83, 148, X. 

33, 61, 148 

61 

33,83, 148 

33, 83, 148 

33,83, 148 

33,83, 148 



Pounds 



4,753 
45. 660 
309, 594 



160, 846 



Sales 



Quantity 



Pounds 



5,195 

43, 936 

275, 596 



11". i. '-".in 



400, 886 



92, 215 
247, 398 



1, 047, 475 
1, 413, 845 



Carbazole vat blue R. 
Carbazole vat blue G. 

Sulfur black 

Sulfur blue 



83 

33~6l",T7~6.' 
33, 83 



6, 148 

33, 229.... 
6, 33, 148. 
83 



33, 61, 63, 83, 148. 

33 

33 

83 



14, 702. 318 
1, 963, 152 



2, 337, 840 
815, 591 



.16 
.42 



61,83 (!) 

61,83 0) 

33, 54, 61, 83, 148 14, 585, 559 

5, 6, 33, 44, 61, 83, 103, 1, 953, 753 
148. 

i Totals not included under sulfide dyes. In the dyes classified by method of application these 2 dyes 
are included in the vat. dyes. 
14800—38 3 



2, 925, 250 



97, 344 



408, 770 



Value 



Unit 
value 



63, 237 
313, 532 



98, 056 



$1.87 
1.44 
1.14 



1.50 



76, 789 
264, 490 



1,092.904 
1, 412, 429 



8,747 



359, 537 1. 02 



112,013 
314, 651 



327, 514 
509, 444 



1, 344, 897 



132,125 



1.46 
1.19 



1.34 



28 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 11. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, 1936 — Continued 



Col- 
our 


Name of dye 


Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list on 
p. 95) 


Production 


Sales 


In- 
dex 

No. 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


971 


Classified Dyes— Continued 
sulfide dyes— continued 


6, 33, 44, 54, 61, 83, 103, 

148. 
5, 33, 61,83, 103, 148... 

5, 33, 61, 83, 148... 

33, 61, 83, 148— . . 


Pounds 
2, 388, 582 

243, 628 
938, 333 
94, 515 
69, 941 
242, 465 
200, 513 


Pounds 
2, 392, 950 

230, 530 
929, 890 
85, 639 
67, 782 
229, 842 
210, 266 


$680, 553 

158, 040 
436, 864 
27, 753 
24, 341 
67, 678 
86, 596 


$0.28 






.69 






.47 






.32 






44, 61, 83, 148 


.36 






5, 33, 44, 54, 61, 83, 103.. 
5, 33, 44, 61, 83, 103, 148. 


.29- 






.41 










20,717,289 


20, 812, 369 


4, 635, 256 


.22' 




ANTHRAQUINONE DYES 


33, 148 




1027 










1034 




6, 33, 148 


58, 138 


46, 347 


77, 064 


1. 66^ 


1035 




148. 229 




1040 




148 










1043 




83 










1053 




61, 83, X 




32, 648 
548, 911 


65, 749 
911,760 


2.01 


1054 




61. 83, 148, 229, X 

15-. 


691, 348 


1.66 


1059 






1060 


Anthracene blue SWGQ... .. 


X 










1062 


83, 148.X 










1063 


Anthracene blue WRS 


15 










1073 


6, 15. 61 










1075 




61, 83 










1076 




61. 










1078 
1080 


Alizarin cyanine green E 

Acid anthraquinone violet B__ 
Anthraquinone blue black B._ 
Acid anthraquinone blue B.__ 


6, 15, 61,83, 148, 229... 
15, 61 


125, 772 


104, 666 


213, 580 


2.04 


1085 
1088 


6, 15, 61, 83, 148,229... 
61, 83, 148 


211,851 


150, 033 


226, 949 


1.51 


1091 


61, 83 












Total anthraquinone 
dyes. 

ANTHRAQUINONE VAT DYES 
(SINGLE STRENGTH) 

Anthraquinone vat yellow 

GC. 
Anthraquinone vat golden 

orange G. 
Anthraquinone vat golden 

orange R. 
Anthraquinone vat scarlet S._ 
Anthraquinone vat dark blue 

BO. 
Anthraquinone vat jade green_ 
Anthraquinone vat green B 

and black B. 
Anthraquinone vat violet R._ 
Anthraquinone vat violet RR. 
Anthraquinone vat violet B_. 
Anthraquinone vat blue RS.. 
Anthraquinone vat blue 3G__. 
Anthraquinone vat blue GCD 
Anthraquinone vat blue BCS. 
Anthraquinone vat yellow G. 
Anthraquinone vat brown B__ 

Anthraquinone vat pink R 

Anthraquinone vat yellow R. 
Anthraquinone vat red FF... 
Anthraquinone vat brilliant 

violet 2B. 
Anthraquinone vat brilliant 

violet R. 
Anthraquinone vat olive R... 
Anthraquinone vat brown R__ 
Anthraquinone vat brown G__ 
Anthraquinone vat red violet 

RRN. 
Anthraquinone vat red BN... 
Anthraquinone vat violet BN. 
Anthraquinone vat orange R. 
Anthraquinone vat yellow R. 
Anthraquinone vat blue green 

B. 














1, 864, 047 


1, 443, 448 


2, 129, 379 


1.48 




61, 83 




1095 










1096 


33, 61, 83, 148 - 




178, 676 


259, 221 


1.45 


1097 


33, 61, 148 






1098 


83, 148 










1099 
1101 


33, 61, 83, 148, 166 - 

61. 


201,314 


191, 258 


228, 213 


1.19* 


1102 


33, 61, 83, 148, 166 - 










1103 


83 










1104 


6, 61, 83, 148 


225, 377 


217, 754 


361, 793 


1. 66 


1105 


83. 




1107 


61, 83 










1109 


61 










1113 


59, 61, 83, 148. 


750, 481 
923, 016 


799, 483 
936, 479 


482, 470 
976, 336 


.60 


1114 


6, 61, 83, 148 


1.04 


1118 


61, 83, 148 




1120 


61 










1128 


83 










1132 


6, 61 










1133 


61 










1134 


61 










1135 


61 










1150 


61,83, 148 










1151 


61, 83, 148. .. 










1152 


61, 148 .. 










1161 


61, 83 










1162 


61, 148 










1163 


61. 










1169 


61. 










1170 


61. 










1173 


61, 148 























DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 29 

Table 11. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, 1936 — Continued 



Col- 


Name of dye 


Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list on 
p. 95) 


Production 


Sales 


In- 
dex 
No. 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


1177 


Classified Dyes— Continued 

INDIGOID AND THIOINDIGOID 
DYES 


59,61,148... 


Pounds 
18, 039, 419 


Pounds 
17, 848, 853 


$2, 889, 105 


$0.16 


1178 




148 ._• 




1180 




61, 148 .. 










1183 




59, 148 










1184 


Bromindigo blue 2BD 

Vat red B 


59, 148 










1189 


61 










1210 




83. . 










1212 


Vat red 3B 


59, 61, 83, 148 

33, 61, 83, 148, X 

59, 61 


118,521 
571, 159 


107, 886 
542, 710 


179, 854 
576, 344 


1.67 


1217 




1.06 


1222 






1228 


Vat fast scarlet C. 

FOOD DYES 

Yellow AB 


59 










22 


64, 148.... _. 










61 


Yellow OB 


64, 148 










80 


Ponceau 3R 


20, 118, 148, 203 

20, 118, 148, 203, 222... . 
20, 118, 148, 203, 222.... 

20, 118, 148, 203... 

20, 148, 222 


46, 156 
81, 521 
94, 292 
97, 569 


51,117 
86, 546 

91, 836 

92, 254 


216, 170 
185, 901 
225, 689 
229, 228 


4.23 


150 
184 


Orange I-- . 


2.15 
2.46 


640 




2.48 


666 






670 


Light green SF (yellowish) 


20, 148, 222 










773 


20, 118, 148, 203 

20, 118, 203 


8,565 


7,709 


113, 149 


14.68 


1180 








Brilliant blue FCF 


20, 148, 222 




3,663 


35, 263 


9.63 




Fast green FCF 


222... 








Ponceau SX 


148, 222 












Sunset yellow FCF. 


118, 148, 203, 222 


36,049 


30, 072 


71,684 


2.38, 




408, 750 


398, 427 


1, 194, 371 


3.00 




Total classified dyes 








104, 068. 929 


103, 105, 580 


46, 497, 383 


.45 













Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according to 
list on p. 95) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of dye 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value- 


Unclassified Dyes 




Pounds 
2, 389, 885 


Pounds 
1, 943, 406 


$2, 473. 296 


Si. 27 


Amacel blue GG 


6 




Black (BDN, G, J, JN, W, III, IV, 


5, 6, 33,61, 77, 228. __ 










IVdbl). 
Blue (BB, B cone, BR, G, R, 5RB 


6,61,83, X 










cone, III, IV, V, XII). 


5 












61 










Brilliant red 


61 








Brilliant yellow W 


5 










Brown (BR, Y) 


61 










Cellitazole (AZ, BN, BZ, BNS, 


83... 










STN). 
Developed black (AD, AS, BAM, 


5, 33,61, X, X 










GA, GD, SJ). 


33. _ 












5, 61 










Direct blue (A, S) 


5 










Direct fast violet 2RA 


X 












X 












33 










Direct skv blue G A.. 


X 










Direct yellow GA 


X 










Fast black (B, BTN) 


83 










Fast blue B 


83 












83 










Fast brown (3R, 5R) 


83 










Fast light yellow 


61 










Fast navy blue (B, BN, BR; 


83 










Fast orange 2R supra 


5 










Fast pink B 


83 






:::::::::::::: 



30 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 11. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, 1936 — Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according to 
list on p. 95) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of dye 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Unclassified Dyes— Continued 
Acetate silk dyes— Continued. 


83 


Pounds 


Pounds 








83 . 










Fast violet (B, 6B) 


83 










Fast vellow (G, GL, GR, RE) 
Golden orange fFSI, I, III) 


61, 83 • 










6 










Golden yellow (F FSI, VIII, VIII 


5, 6 .. 










cone, IX, XI, XII, XIII). 


6. 












6 










Navy blue (B, BN cone, BP cone, 

CBR, CBRcone, R). 
Orange (GFN. GR, .TER, 3RC, 

3RC cone I, I, II, III, Ex.). 
Pink II 


6, 33, 61 










5, 6, 33, 61, 83, 228, X 
6 


















Pure blue (BR, BR cone) 


61 










Pure vellow (I, II) 


6 






















Red (3B, 2BC, BR, FSI, FSI cone, 
GG, DM, R, RP, Y, YR. I, III, 
V, VI-X, VI-X cone VII). 

Red violet R 


5, 6, 33, 61, 77, 83 






















61_ _.._ 










Sapphire blue (G, 2G) 


33, X 










Scarlet (B BR) 












Sky blue (B G) 


5, 61 










Violet (CB II) 


6, 61 










Yellow (C, GC, GG, 5G) 


























83 










Acid anthrarjuinone blue (BGA, 3G, 

SBS, SWB, WSA). 

Acid anthraquinone yellow GR ex 

Acid black (AR, 8B, 8BN, 3G, GRF, J, 

NBJ, RB, TL, 640). 
Acid blue (D, 2G) 


61 










X 










5, 6, 33, 53, 61, 83, 148 




















X 










Acid brilliant blue (3B, RR) 
























Acid brilliant red (4BL, 5B, G) 


6,61, 148 










Acid brown (FN, N, R) 


33, 170 












33 












44 










Acid chrome blue (2R \, RR) 


44,83 










Acid fast black (BB\, WAN, 773) 
Acid fast blue (B G, IB, NB) 


53, 61, 83 






















61 
























33, 61 












6 
























177 












177 












6 












61 












83 












6 












44 










Acid muling yellow (G, 2GX, R) 

Acid naphthol blue black 

Acid navy blue (B, B cone, M, M4B 
cone). 


33, 44, 170 










44 










6, 33, 44, 61, 228... 




20, 805 


$12, 826 


$0.62 


































33 










Acid orange (GS, R, 2R, YF) 












Acid red (B 3B, 0\) 














X 


































Acid violet (B BS, RL, 2RX) 
























Acid yellow (2G, 3GA, 5G, 5GL, R 
cone). 


33, 44, 170, X 




















Alizarin direct blue (A2G, ARA) 


83 
































Alizarin supra blue (A, C) 













DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 31 

Table 11. — Coal-tar dijes: United States production and sales, 1936 — Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according to 
list on p. 95) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of dye 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Unclassified Dyes— Continued 


83... 


Pounds 


Pounds 








148 












148... 












61 












61,83 










Y). 


83 












83 










(GR, RK). 
Anthraquinone vat brilliant scarlet 

BGN. 
Anthraquinone vat brilliant yellow 4G. 


83— -. 










61 










61,83 










VR). 


83 










RT). 


61.. 












148 












83 










Anthraquinone vat golden yellow (GK, 


83 










GOW). 


83 -.- 












61,83 












6,33,61,83 


199, 827 


171, 042 


$166, 559 


$0.97 


3G). 


61 -.. 






83 












61 












83 










suprafix. 


83.. -. 










supraflx. 


61 .- 












83 










Anthraquinone vat violet FFBN 


83 












6,33,61 












44 












170 












61 










Azo fast blue 2R 


148..- 












83 












148 










Azo fast yellow GR 


83 












148 










Azo orange (GK, GN) -- ... 


170 










Azo red (F, 7BL)__. 


5,170 












170 _ 










Azo violet 2B 


5 










Blue G 


61 










Brilliant benzo violet B 


61 












61,83.. 










Brilliant milline green B eonc 


61 










Brilliant wool blue (FFR, G ex., N) 


83,148 










Chromate blue black B . .. 


44 










Chromate brown (EB, EBR) 


5,33,61,229 


114, 676 


109, 907 


90,823 


.83. 


Chromate red 2G 


229 




Chrome black (3G, NSE, SW) 


61,148 












5 










Chrome blue ATX 


61 










Chrome brilliant orange 2R__ . 


6 










Chrome brown (B, BC, BS, 3B, EB, 
EBL, EBS, G, 0, PG, RH cone, RL). 
Chrome fast garnet R 


5, 6, 44, 61, 83, 148, 

229, X. 
44 - 


286, 232 


293, 130 


247, 225 


.84 


Chrome garnet R_ 


X-.. 










Chrome gray DG. 


148 










Chrome green (B, CB, G) 


44,148 










Chrome orange 3R 


148 










Chrome vellow (DS, 2G, 3G, 5G, 2GN, 


5,33,44,61,148 










SW). 
Cloth red 2R 


148 










Cotton black 3G 


33.- 












148 










Developed black (G, OB, OT) 


6,44,83,148 

44,61,148 


251, 877 


227, 038 


156, 251 


.69 


Developed blue (B, BR, 5GL, 6G) 




Developed Bordeaux (7B, 7B cone, 


61,148 










2BL, RB). 
Developed brilliant green 3G 


83. 










Developed brilliant orange G 


83 











32 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 11. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, 19S6 — Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according to 
list on p. 95) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of dye 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Unclassified Dyes— Continued 
Developed brilliant scarlet (BBL, 2BL, 


61,83 


Pounds 


Pounds 






5BL, RO). 
Developed brown (6Q, NR, R, 3RB)._. 


61,83 












5 










Developed fast blue (B, 2RW)_. 


44 












61 












61 












61 












83,148. 












6 












61 












61,83 










Developed orange (GR, R, RR, WD).. 


61,148 












5,148 












83 












148 










Developed sky blue (B, 30L) 


83. 










Developed violet (BRD, RR) 


6,61 












5 












&3 












33. 












?3 










Direct black (CSW, FOR, 0, 3G, 3GR, 

NOW). 
Direct blue (B, FF, G, NR) 


5,44, 148.X, X 

5,61.148... 


219, 435 


254, 822 


$135, 719 


$0. 53 


Direct Bordeaux 'B, 6B) 


6,83,148 


99, 742 


101, 150 


76, 755 


.76 


Direct brilliant red 12B 


148 




Direct brilliant violet (4B, R) 


6 










Direct brown (CSW, CWR, FW, GB, 

G2R, G3R, K", R, RY, P). 
Direct catechine (FF, G. GG, GR, GS. 


5,44,53, 148,228, X... 
6,61,548... 


150, 852 


132, 025 


85, 488 


.65 


Gconc, 3G). 


83.. 












X. _ 












148 












61 










Direct dark blue PR . 


X. 












83.. 












61. 










Direct fast black (B, FOR, FTC, G, 

L, L cone. PG ex.). 
Direct fast blue (FF, 2GL, 4GL, 8GL, 


6,44,61,83,148,228... 
44,61,83,148 


• 474, 376 
237, 456 


448, 272 
244, 897 
130, 445 


317,838 
292, 553 
207, 542 


.71 
1.20 


LBRR. LO, R, RL, SRL). 
Direct fast brown (4GL, LBR, LG, 


61,83; 148 


1.59 


L3R, R. 4R, 2RL, 4RL, 3YL). 
Direct fast grav (BL, GL, 2GL, R) 


61,83,148 






Direct fast light blue FF 


44 












6 










Direct fast orange (EG, ER, E3G, G, 
2GL, 2G cone, 4G cone, L5G, L7G, 
L3R, R, RE, 2R, 6R, 7R, S). 

Direct fast red (5BL, 8BLN).. 


33,44,fil,83, 103, 148.. 
44, 148 


253, 642 


248, 161 


290, 757 


1.17 




148. 










Direct fast violet (BB, F) . 


5,83. 










Direct fast yellow (4GL, 5GL, L5G, 
LR, RL). 


5,44,61,83,148 

44 


205, 448 


160, 056 


258, 234 


1.61 


Direct grav (BBC, G, Z) 


53, X 










Direct green (54FS, 5G, 2Y) 


5,61 












44 












61 








. 




44 










Direct navy blue (BF, BW, 4B, DB, 

R, RY). 
Direct orange (B, EG, ER). 


33, 61,148, 228, X... 










83,X 










Direct red (B, 3B, G) 


5,44 . 












61 .. 












X. 












148. 










Direct violet BB 


148 












44 












61 .. 










Fast acid black BR 


83 .. 










Fast acid blue (R, WP) . 


83,148 .. 












83 












44 .. 










Fast acid red (3B, GG) 


83 .. 










Fast acid violet (ERR ex., VR) 


61, 170 










Fast acid yellow (OS, R) 


83,148... 










Fast black V 


61 












DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 33 

Table 11. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, 1986 — Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according to 
list on p. 95) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of dye 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Unclassified Dyes— Continued 
Fast blue (BL cone, 6Q).- - 


61 


Pounds 


Pounds 








148 










Fast light red (B, 4B)._ 


83 












229 










Fast orange (G, R) - 


61 












148. 










Fast silk yellow G -.. 


5 










Fast yellow 10G 


61. 












148 










Fast wool red (BL, GL) 


148 












148 












61 












61. 












83 










Formal fast black G._ 


44 












228 












X 












33 












61,83... 










Helio red RMT 


83 












166 












5... 












33,148.X 










Indigo vat pink (FB, FF) 


33, 61, 148, X 


420, 397 


372, 187 


$470, 804 


$1.26 




148 






83. 












X 










Jet black APX 


61 












61.. 












33 










Methyl violet 5B 


148 










Milling garnet R 


X. 










Milling navy blue 4B- -- 


148.- 










Milling orange R 


61,148 










Milling red (B cone, R) 


148 










Milling vellow (GN, 2GCW, 3G, 


61,148,170 










cone, XN). 
Monastrol fast blue BS 


61 










Mordant green SN 


5 












61. 










Neutral brown (RS, 2RS, RX) 


5,61,228 












5 










Nigrosine base (B, N, R, 2R) 


148 










Oil black , 


180 










Oil blue (115R, 116R)— 


180, 229 










Oil bronze 


61 










Oil brown (M, Y, #79, #102)... 


77, 148. 










Oil fast orange A cone 


148 










Oil fast red (M, Y)_... 


148 










Oil fast yellow (EG, 3G) 


61, 148 










Oil green 


229 










Oil orange (0, RR, #30, #67) 


33, 53, 77, 148 

148 


44, 695 


41, 192 


38, 430 


.94 


Oil pink B 




Oil red (EGN, G, 1-1471, N-1700, 0, 

OB, RO, #322). 
Oil violet 


6,33,53,77, 148 

180, 229— 


70, 242 


69, 117 


63, 684 


.92 


Oil yellow (N, PHW) 


33, 61 










Orange Y. 


53 - 










Paper red (AD, AP) 


83 










Patent blue B cone 


148. 










Permanent red GG 


83 










Pigment rubine (G, 3G)._ 


83 










Quinoline yellow KT 


X 










Rapid fast colors: 

Orange (RH)_... 


61,83, X 










Red (GZH, RH) 


61, 83.... 










Scarlet (ILH) 


61, 83, X 










Rapidogene colors: 

Black DM 


61, 83 










Black brown II 


83 










Blue (BN, D, R). 


61, 83, 170 










Brown (GN, IB, IPT) 


83, 170 










Dark brown AR.. 


61 










G double 


83-. - 










Orange (G, GR, R) 


61, 83 










Red (G, GS, M2B, R) 


61,83, 170 


160, 348 


143, 546 


305, 834 


2.13 


Scarlet (R, RS) 


61, 83, 170 




Yellow (G, GG, GS, PT) 


61,83, 170 











34 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 11. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, 1986 — Continued 



Name of dye 


Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according to 
list on p. 95) 


Production 


Sales 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Unclassified Dyes— Continued 

Rayon colors: 

Black B._ 


61 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Bordeaux (B, 3B) 


61 










Brown (O, M) 


61 












61 










Violet 3B 


61 










Resin brilliant orange RR 


148 










Resin brilliant red R 


148 










Resin brilliant scarlet 6G 


148..- .- 












148 










Resorcin brown (R, YX) 


44, 53 










Rosanthrene (A, R). 


61 












61 












61. 












148 










Silk black (4BF, G) 


44 










Silk blue 10G 


61 










Silk brown (B, G, R) 


44, X... 










Silk fast blue 3G 


61 










Silk red (2B, 4B, 10B) 


44, X 












83 










Sudan orange (FL, RT) 


83 










Sudan red 4B 


83 












83 












83 












83 










Supranol red PB.__ 


83 










Wool blue (CG, CGG)... 


148 












148 












148 










Zambezi black (BG, D, PC, V). 


44, 83, 148 










All other 


61, X, X 
























15, 454, 217 


14, 467, 243 


$17,188,174 


$1. 19 








Total dyes: 

Those for which individual 


85, 371, 540 
34, 151, 606 


85, 821, 183 
31, 751, 640 


37, 017, 779 
26, 667, 778 


.43 


statistics are shown. 




.84 


statistics cannot be shown. 






Grand total 


119,523,146 


117, 572, 823 


63, 685, 557 


.54 









PRODUCTION AND SALES OF DYES BY CLASSES OF APPLICATION 

Table 12 compares the production and sales of dyes by classes of 
application, in 1936 and 1935, with the average for the period 1925 
to 1930. 

Table 12. — Comparison of United States production and sales of dyes, by classes of 
application, 1925-30, 1985, and 1986 





Production 


Class of application 


Quantity 


Percent of total 




1925-30 
average 


1935 


1936 


1925-30 
average 


1935 


1936 


Acid... .-. 


Pounds 
11,813,941 

4, 833, 382 
17, 983, 751 
( 2 ) 

1, 947, 124 

3,611,608 
20, 004, 635 
33, 221, 072 
27,128,311 

6, 092, 761 
587, 657 


Pounds 
14, 593, 749 
5, 389, 058 

26, 073, 439 
1, 963, 276 
2, 081, 012 
6, 264, 133 

16, 949, 143 

27, 908, 296 

13, 614, 238 

14, 294, 058 
710, 555 


Pounds 
15, 974, 423 

5, 727, 303 
i 29, 907, 629 

2, 389, 885 
2, 722, 807 

6, 639, 112 
20, 717, 289 
34, 449, 513 
18, 039, 419 
16, 410, 094 

995, 185 


12.57 
5.14 
19.13 


14.32 
5.29 

25.57 
1.93 
2.04 
6.14 

16.63 


13.38 


Basic 


4.79 


Direct 


25.02 


Acetate silk. 


2.00 


Lake and spirit-soluble 


2.07 

3.84 

21.28 


2.28 


Mordant and chrome 


5.55 


Sulfur 


17.33 


Vat, total 






28.86 

6.48 

.63 


13.36 

14.02 

.70 


15.09 


(6) Other 


13.73 


Unclassified 


.83 






Total. 


94, 003, 170 


101, 932, 661 


119, 523, 146 


100. 00 


100. 00 


100.00 







1 Includes rapid fast dyes and rapidogene dyes. 



1 Not shown separately during 1925-30. 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



35 



Table 12. — Comparison of United States production and sales of dyes, by classes of 
application, 1925-80, 1935, and 1986 — Continued 





Sales 


Class of application 


Quantity 


Percent of total 




1925-30 
average 


1935 


1936 


1925-30 
average 


1935 


1936 




Pounds 
11, 699, 667 

4, 709, 926 
17, 580, 927 
( 2 ) 

1, 896, 821 

3, 558, 732 
19, 810, 565 
32, 429, 018 
27, 111, 575 

5, 317, 443 
521, 625 


Pounds 

14, 168, 009 

4, 974, 882 

25, 087, 369 

1. 479, 600 

2, 063. 120 

6, 308, 849 

17, 009, 957 

26, 180, 465 

14, 051, 451 

12,129,014 

682, 213 


Pounds 

15, 528, 825 
5, 465, 227 

i 29, 495, 273 
1, 943, 406 
2. 624, 777 
6, 234, 937 
20, 812, 369 
34, 557, 262 
17, 848, 853 

16, 708, 409 
910, 747 


12.69 
5.11 
19.07 


14.46 
5.08 

25.61 
1.51 
2.11 
6.44 

17.36 


13.21 




4.65 




25.09 




1.65 




2.06 
3.86 
21.48 


2.23 




5.31 


Sulfur 


17.70 


Vat, total 






29.40 

5.77 
.56 


14.35 

12.38 

.70 


15.18 


(6) Other 


14.21 




.77 






Total 


92, 207, 281 


97, 954, 464 


117, 572, 823 


100.00 


100. 00 


100.00 







Class of application 



Acid 

Basic 

Direct 

Acetate silk 

Lake and spirit-soluble 
Mordant and chrome. _ 

Sulfur 

Vat, total 

(a) Indigo 

(6) Other.., 

Unclassified 

Total 



Sales 



Value 



1925-30 
average 



$8,651, 
3, 977, 
9, 076, 

( 2 ) 
1,681, 

2, 212, 
3,928, 
9, 114, 

3, 741, 
5, 373, 

784, 



$11, 077, 102 

4, 338, 892 

13, 147, 875 

1, 879, 736 

1, 277, 092 
3, 041, 479 
3, 798, 351 

12. 272, 209 

2, 452, 243 
9, 819, 966 

655, 625 



1936 



$11, 933, 721 
4, 905, 755 
i 17, 497, 791 
2, 473, 296 
1,714,916 
3, 116, 262 
4, 635, 256 
16,611,526 
2, 889, 105 
13, 722, 421 
797, 034 



39,428,252 51,488,361 63,685,557 100.00 100.00 



Percent of total 



1925-30 
average 



21.94 
10.09 
23.02 



4.27 
5.61 



9.49 
13.63 
1.99 



1935 



1936 



18.74 
7.70 

27.48 
3.88 
2.69 
4.89 
7.28 



4.54 

21.55 

1.25 



100.00 



' Includes rapid fast dyes and rapidogene dyes. 



2 Not shown separately during 1925-30. 



COLOR LAKES AND TONERS 

The detailed statistical study of the organic color lake and toner 
industry begun in 1935 has been continued in this report. 

Statistics were furnished in 1936 by 49 producers and include: (a) 
Toners or full strength colors, (6) extended or reduced toners, (c) lakes 
and extended colors, (d) pulp colors, and (e) colors flushed in oil and 
varnish. Data for the last two groups were reported on the dry basis. 

The total output of color lakes and toners in 1936 was 15,352,334 
pounds, with sales of 13,575,454 pounds valued at $10,177,276, or an 
average of 75 cents per pound. This activity represents an increase 
of 8 percent in production, 12 percent in sales quantity, and 17 percent 
in sales value over the preceding year. 

Toners or full strength colors account for about one-half of the total 
production and sales. This group also shows the greatest increase 
over the preceding year. In order of importance within this group 
are lithol toners, para red toners, toluidine red toners, and alkali blue 
toners. 



36 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



The output of lakes and extended colors shows practically no change 
since 1935. Peacock blue, Scarlet 2R, and Persian orange lakes were 
produced in greatest quantity in 1936. 

Reduced toners are the smallest of the three groups included herein. 
Sales of this group increased about 10 percent by quantity and 19 
percent by value over 1935. Reduced para red toners account for 
almost one-half of the total ; reduced lithol toners and reduced toluidine 
red toners were the next largest items of production. 



Table 13. — Color lakes and toners: United States production and sales, 1936 

[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on 
p. 95. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number 
with the designated product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that the statistics 
of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information with regard to individual firms. 
The figures thus concealed, however, are included in the total] 



Name of product 



Lares and Extended Colors 
Alizarin 

Azo Bordeaux 

Blue.. - 

Eosine and phloxine 

Fast light yellow 

Green... 

Helio fast rubine 

Maroon and lithol rubine. 

Methyl violet 

Naphthol yellow.. 

Orange 

Peacock blue 

Persian orange.. 

Phosphotungstic acid lakes: 
Blue.. 

Green 

Purple 

Red... 

Pigment scarlet 

Quinoline yellow 

Red 

Scarlet 2R 

Tartrazine 

Yellow.... 

All other. 



Total lakes and extended 
colors. 



Manufacturers' identification 
numbers (according to list 
on p. 95) 



12, 61, 118, 122, 135, 139, 174, 

196, 211, 212, 226, 229, X, X, 

X,X, X. 
12, 28, 61, 92, 118, 122, 139, 174, 

211 212 X X 
28, 43, 61,' 65, 92, 114, 122, 135, 

156, 211, 226, X, X, X, X, X, X. 
28, 36, 43, 61, 65, 74, 92, 118, 122, 

135, 196, 211, 212, X, X, X, X, 

X, x,x. 

12, 74, 96, 118, 135, 212, X, X, X.. 
28, 61, 65, 74,92, 135, 156, 211, 

226, X, X, X, X, X, X, X, X, 

X, X, X. 

12, 28, 61, 122, 211, X, X 

28, 36, 43, 50, 61, 65, 74, 96, 98, 

118, 122, 196, 212, X, X, X, 

XXX 
28, 36, 43, 50, 61, 65, 74, 92, 98, 

118, 122, 135, 196, 211, 212, 226, 

229, X, X, X, X, X. 

12, 74, 212, 229, X, X, X 

28, 61, 226, X, X, X, X, X 

12, 28, 36, 43, 50, 61, 74, 92, 96, 

98, 118, 122, 135, 196, 211, 212, 

229, X, X, X, X, X, X, X, 

XXX 
12, 36, 43, 65, 74, 92, 96, 118, 122, 

135, 196, 211, 212, X, X, X, X, 

X, X, X, X, X, X, X. 

28, 33, 36, 43, 50, 61, 74, 92, 98, 

118, 122, 135, 196, 212, 229, X, 

X, X, X. X. 
28, 33, 36, 43, 50, 61, 65, 74, 92, 98, 

122, 135, 196, 212, X, X, X, X, 

X,X, X. 

28, 43, 98, 118, 122, 196, X, X 

36, 43, 50, 61, 98, 122, 135, 196, 

212, 229, X, X, X, X, X, X, 

X. 
28, 61, 96, 98, 118, 122, 135, 174, 

196, 211, 229, X, X, X. 

196, X, X, X, X _. 

28, 61, 74, 92, 114, 135, 196, 211, 

226, 229, X, X, X, X, X, X, 

X. 
12, 36, 43, 61, 65, 92, 114, 118, 122, 

174, 196, 211, 212, 226, X, X, 

X X X X 
12, 36, 74, 96, 118, 135, 196, 212, 

X, X, X, X, X.X, X. 

135, X, X,X, X 

43, 61, 74, 92, 98, 135, 211, 212, 

229, X, X, X, X, X, X. 



Produc- 
tion 



Pounds 
106, 158 

260, 202 
162, 692 
141, 405 



64, 703 
239, 526 



30, 802 
864, 997 



102, 641 



36, 664 

79, 701 

1, 322, 326 



524, 066 

427, 272 
178, 216 



13, 402 
126, 885 



275, 583 



25, 034 
221, 993 



711, 166 



217, 158 

201, 809 
281, 930 



6, 616, 331 



Sales 



Quantity 



Pounds 
102, 422 



263,444 
96,401 
132, 583 



68, 420 
109, 115 



30, 309 
826, 257 



104, 111 



35, 491 

15, 019 

1, 067, 078 



405, 077 

431, 558 
170, 194 



14,918 
83, 890 



16, 353 
198, 640 



692, 998 
207, 113 



5, 630, 614 



Value 



$146, 200 

73,230 
57,183 
101, 488 



53, 805 
70, 730 



56, 435 
203, 427 



62, 866 



22, 935 

5,427 

620, 729 



146, 190 

307, 392 
112, 142 



10,244 
45, 329 



157, 598 



19, 113 
102, 534 



200, 326 
120, 091 



2, 758, 791 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 37 

Table 13. — Color lakes and loners: United States production and sales, 19S6 — Con. 



Name of product 



Toners or Full Strength 
Colors 

Alkali blue - 

Eosine and phloxine.. 



Hansa yellow. 
Lake red O... 



Lithol. 



Lithol rubine. 
Maroon 



Methyl violet. 



Orange.. 
Para red. 



Phosphotungstic acid toners: 
Blue.. 



Green.. 
Purple - 
Red.... 



Red 

Toluidinered. 



All other . 



Total toners or full- 
strength colors. 

REDUCED TONERS 

Lake red C 

Lithol 



Maroon and lake red D 

Para red 



Toluidine red. 



All other 

Total reduced toners. 



Total color lakes and 
toners 



Manufacturers' identification 
numbers (according to list 
on p. 95) 



33, 118, X, X, X, X. 

12, 30, 74, 92, 96, 109, 118,1 22, 

196, 212, 229, X, X, X, X. 
12, 36, 96, 109, 196, 229, X, X, 

X, X. 
12, 33, 36, 61, 74, 92, 96, 98, 109, 

118, 135, 196, 211, 212, 229, X, 

X X X X 
12, 36, 61, 74, 92, 96, 98, 109, 118, 

122, 196, 211, 212, 226, 229, X, 

X, X, x,x. 

12, 50, 196. 226, X, X, X 

2, 12, 61, 114, 118, 122, 174, 211, 

229 X X X X 
12, 28, 33, 36, 50, 63, 74, 109, 118, 

122, 196, 211, 212, 229, X, X, 

XXX 
33, 74, 96, 109, 114, 122, 229, X. .. 
2, 12, 28, 36, 61, 96, 98, 109, 114, 

118, 122, 174, 196, 211, 212, 

226, X, X, X, X, X, X, X, X, 

X, X, X. 

12, 28, 50, 61, 74, 96, 98, 118, 122, 

135, 196, 211, 212, 229, X, X, 

X X X X X X 
12, 28, 43, 50, 61, 96, 98, 109, 114, 

118, 122, 135, 174, 196, 211, 212, 

229, X, X, X, X, X. 
12, 28, 61, 74, 96, 98, 118, 122, 

135, 196, 211, 212, X, X, X, X, 

X. 
12, 28, 43, 50, 61, 98, 118, 135, 

196, 211,212, X, X, X,X. 

33, 61, 74, 229, X, X 

2, 12, 36, 61, 65, 96, 98, 114, 118, 

122, 174, 196, 211, 212, 226, X, 

X, X, X, X, X, X, X, X, X, 

x,x. 

2, 12, 28, 50, 61, 96, 109, 114, 196, 
X, X, X. 



12, 61, 74, 98, 118, 135, 196, 212, 

X X X X X. 
12, 28, 50. 61, 74, 92, 98, 118, 122, 

196, 212, 226, 229, X, X, X, X, 

XXX 

2, 12, 92, 114, 122, 196, 211, X 

2, 12, 28, 36, 61, 65, 92, 98, 114, 

118, 122, 174, 19G, 211, 212, 226, 

229, X, X, X, X, X, X, X, 

X. 
2, 12, 28, 61, 65, 92, 98, 118, 122, 

174, 211, 212, 226, X, X, X, 

X, X, x,x. 

12, 50, 61, 92, 135, X, X, X 



Produc- 
tion 



Pounds 
779, 614 
235, 736 

170, 438 

362, 044 



2, 245, 838 



87, 568 
287, 792 



264, 729 



120, 463 
980, 136 



148, 901 
95, 886 
118, 756 

40, 472 

207, 288 
838, 587 

76, 951 



7. 061, 199 



43, 755 
380, 826 



74, 634 
828, 766 



221, 492 
125, 331 



1, 674, 804 



15, 352, 334 



Sales 



Quantity 



Pounds 



182, 789 
156, 674 
317, 259 

2, 138, 624 



87, 216 
292, 878 

236, 810 



119,673 
931, 022 



141, 306 
88, 060 
113,080 

37, 977 

195, 597 
767, 168 



6, 418, 057 



39,423 
386, 752 



86, 032 
739, 723 



181, 748 
93, 105 



1, 526, 783 



13,575,454 10,177,276 



Value 



$286, 104 
211,941 
307, 268 

1, 416, 433 

99, 735 
635, 791 

265, 701 



99, 673 
697, 807 



482, 702 
219, 779 
156, 971 

127, C84 

207, 313 
1, 025, 540 



6, 905, 273 



19, 081 
143, 174 



42, 594 
139, 857 



98, 436 
70, 070 



513,212 



SYNTHETIC MEDICINALS 



Synthetic medicinals become more important each year, both as to 
number of products and volume of production. The output of coal-tar 
medicinals in 1936 was an increase of 20 percent over the preceding 
year; sales quantity, 13 percent; and sales value, 17 percent. About 



38 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



125 products were reported, of which acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) 
and salicylic acid USP were produced in largest quantity. The 
commercial production of mandelic acid and salts was reported for 
the first time. Sales of the arsphenamines increased 17 percent by 
quantity and 35 percent by value over 1935; of phenobarbital, about 
20 percent; and of acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin), about 6 percent. 

There were 46 producers of coal-tar medicinals in 1936. 

Synthetic medicinals not of coal-tar origin show unusual increases 
over the preceding year. The production of 1,216,147 pounds in 
1936 represents an increase of 62 percent. Sales increased to 1,205,403 
pounds valued at $1,878,944, or more than 100 percent in quantity and 
40 percent in value. The commercial production of several important 
medicinals in this group occurred for the first time in 1936. Among 
these are ascorbic acid and synthetic thymol. The output of synthetic 
menthol, now recognized by the United States Pharmacopoeia, increased 
appreciably over earlier years. Sales of amino acetic acid in 1936 
were 55,0i5 pounds valued at $96,433 as compared with 21,196 
pounds valued at $67,390 in 1935. During the same period the unit 
sales price dropped from $3.18 to $1.75 per pound. 

Table 14. — Synthetic medicinals: United States production and sales, 1936 

IThe numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on 
p. 95. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification num- 
ber with the designated product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that the sta- 
tistics of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information in regard to individual 
firms. The figures thus concealed, however, are included in the total] 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list on 
p. 95) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of medicinal 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAR 


45, 59, 138, 143.. 

59, 143.. 


Pounds 
569, 338 


Pounds 
593, 304 


$119,608 


$0.20 








X, X 










acid. 
Acetyl-p-amino phenyl salicylate 


X 












59, 143, X, X, X 
148 


4, 385, 533 


4, 115, 308 


2, 208, 679 


.64 








31 










p-Aminobenzoyldiethylaminoethanol.__ 
p-Aminobenzoyldimethylaminomethyl 


1, 81, 159, 164, X, X- 
X.. 


11, 896 


9,730 


328, 475 


33.75 


butanol hydrochloride. 


X 










oxide hydrochloride. 


X 












59 












X .. 










Arsphenamine 

Barbituric acid derivatives: 


1,57, 132, 140, X, X- 
X 


477 


335 


60, 724 


181. 26 


turic acid and salt. 


1, 81, 132, 140, X, X. 
1, 81, 132, 140, X, X. 
X 


99, 665 
7,985 


90, 147 
8,470 


468, 842 
56, 447 


5.20 


Phenobarbital sodium 


6.66 


Benzaldehyde, USP 


215. X, X . 












189 












61, 143 












X 










isopropanol hydrochloride. 


X 












189 .. 












X 












153-.. 












X 












59 . 












1 










p-Butylaminobenzoyl dimethylamino 
ethanol. 


X . 





















DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 39 

Table 14. — Synthetic medidnals: United States production and sales, 1936 — Con- 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers i 
(according to list on 
p. 95) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of medicinal 


Quantity 


Value J™ 


(A) coal-tar— continued 




Pounds 


Pounds 








X 
















































1 






















o-Cresyl-5:5-azo-4:6-diamino-2-picoline 
hydrochloride. 


X 










X 












189 










Di-n-butyl-p-aminobenzoate trinitro- 

phenol (butesin picrate). 
n-Diethylaminoisopentyl-8-amino-6- 

methoxy quinoline. 
3:4-Dihydroxy phenyl ethylmethyl- 

amine. 


X 










X 










31 










31 












31 










3 :4-Dimethoxy phenylethylamide 

3:4-Dimethoxy phenylethylmethyl- 
amide. 

3:4-Dimethoxy phenylpropionamide 

3:4-Dimethoxy phenylpropionic acid 


31 










31 










31 










31 . . 










148, X... 












X 










D isodiumhy droxy mercurisalicyloxy ac- 
etate. 


X 












40, 388 


36, 552 


$1, 327, 638 


$36. 32 




148 






148 












148 ... . 










3:6-Diamino-10-methyl acridine 

chloride. 
Dibromohydroxymercurifluorescein 

sodium salt. 


1, 148 










101 










148 












X .. 










Methylene blue USP 


33 .. 












148 












101, X 










Phenylazo-diamino pyridine hy- 
drochloride. 


1 1 . 










148 












X .. 












66, X .. 












148 













148 












X _ 












190, X 












1, 81, 140, 159, 189, X, 

X, X. 
X 


11,037 


11, 143 


41, 325 


3.7r 


Gamma-diethylaminopropylcinnamate 
hydrochloride. 




95, 143 












190 












7 










Hydroxymercury-4-nitro-o-cresol anhy- 
dride. 


1 . _ 










X, X.. 










8-Hydroxyquinoline-5-sulfonic acid 


X 










66, X 












X . 










Iodoxyquinoline sulfonic acid and salts_ 


27, X, X 










X 












X 












X 












59, 95, 132 












1,31, 132, 140, X 

X -. 


44, 232 








2 - Methoxy - 6 - chloro - 9 - diethylamino- 
pentyl amino-acridine. 








X 










Methylene disalicylic acid derivative. .. 
Methyl-m-amino-p-hy droxy benzoate. _ 
p-Methylphenyl cinchoninic ethyl ester. 


X 










X.. 










1, 33, X 










1,57, 132, 140, X, X.. 
1 


7,050 


6,108 


1, 093, 404 


179. 01 


Neo-silver arsphenamine. 





40 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 14. — Synthetic medicinals: United States production and sales, 1936 — Con. 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list on 
p. 95) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of medicinal 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) coal-tar— continued 


X 


Pounds 


Pounds 








X . 












X 












X, X 












X, X 












X -. 










Phenobarbital. (See Barbituric acid 
derivatives.) 


143, 169, X 












132, X 










zinc, etc.). 
b-Phenylisopropyl amine and sulfate. .. 


X 










67 . 












67 










Phenylmethylisopropvl antipyrine 

Phenylpropanolamine hydrochloride... 
2-Phenylquinoline-4-carboxylic acid and 

salts. 
Pyramidon and trichloroethyl alcohol 

urethane compounds. 


97 










190 










33, X . 










X 










61, 167 












26, 66, 140, 189 




4,090 
2, 191, 239 


$12, 531 
604, 051 


$3.06 




59, 95, 143, X... 

59 


3, 661, 560 


.28 


Salol 






1. X 












132 -. 










Sodium methylene sulfonamino - hy- 
drqxyphenyl arsonate. 


X 










59,95, 143 










Sodium p-toluene sulfochloramide 


143.. 










59, 95, 132 










1, 57, 132, 140, X, X.J 280 
X .-- 


239 


51, 683 


216. 25 






Tetraiodophenolphthalein sodium salt.. 


31,66, 132, 148, X— - 
26, 132, 140, 153 


5,951 


4,784 


83, 063 


17.36 


Theophvlline calcium salicylate 


26 










132 












143 . 












31 






















Total medicinals: 


8, 845, 392 
3, 188, 465 


7, 071, 449 
3, 007, 129 


6, 456, 470 
3, 306, 085 


.91 


statistics are shown. 




1.10 


statistics cannot be shown. 








12, 033, 857 


10, 078, 578 


9, 762, 555 


.97 




X . . 




(B) NON-COAL-TAR 












7, 59, 61, 168, X 

67 


56, 801 


55, 015 


96, 433 


1.75 








132.X 












X 














123, 517 


75, 571 


589, 801 


7.80 


Allyl isopropyl acetyl carbamide 

Allyl isopropyl barbituric acid and 
salts. 


97 




97 










X 










salts. 


X 










acid and salts. 


X .- 










and salts. 
Diallyl barbituric acid and salts 


81 










X 










Diethyl barbituric acid and salts 
(Barbital). 


1, 81, 97, X.. 










1, 81,97, X 










bital sodium). 


X 










malonic acid. 


31 












1 










acid and salts. 
Ethyl-1-methyl butyl thiobarbi- 
turic acid and salts. 


1 





















DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 4 \ 

Table 14. — Synthetic medicinals : United States production and sales, 1986 — Con. 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list on 
p. 95) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of medicinal 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(B) non-coal-tar— continued 
Barbituric acid derivatives — Con. 


X 


Pounds 


Pounds 






(Ortal sodium). 


125. 










salts. 
Isopropyl ethyl barbituric acid and 

salts. 
Isopropvl ethvl malonic ester 


X. 










X 










125 










turate sodium 


59, 132 












X 










X 












169..- 












X - 












X 












143, X 










Chloroform. (See Chloroform, tech.) 


X..._ 












X 












X 










Ether, absolute. (See Ethyl ether, 
tech, table 18.) 

Ethyl chloride, USP. (See Ethyl chlor- 
ide, tech, table 18.) 

Ethyl ether, USP. (See Ethyl ether, 
tech, table 18.) 


X 












66, 67, 132, 140 

X 


607 


501 


$2,546 


$5.08 








78, 132, 140 












37 










Gallic acid, USP 


66, 132. _ ■ 












61, 95 












X.— 










ene citrate. 


172 












132, 140, 153 


9,906 


9,519 


34,444 


3.62 




X 




Lactic acid, (See Lactic acid, tech.) 


105 












136, 204, X 












66, 67, 132, 140 

X. 


431 


415 


1,955 


4.71 








66, 140, X 












X 












X 












132.._ 












132 












61,94,140 


49, 500 
20, 658 












14, 607 


167, 529 


11.47 




132, X 






27, 60, 131, X, X. X, 

X, X, X. 
132, X, X 






















X 












132,140,153 


6,603 


6,155 


20, 547 


3.34 




X 






59, X_ 












X 












59 












X, X 












31 






















Total non-coal-tar medicinals: 


268, 023 
948, 124 


161, 783 
1, 043, 620 


913, 255 
965. 689 


5.64 


statistics are shown. 




.92 


statistics cannot be shown. 








1, 216, 147 


1, 205, 403 


1, 878, 944 


1.56 









42 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



SYNTHETIC FLAVORS AND PERFUME MATERIALS 

This classification includes a wide variety of synthetics of coal-tar 
origin and of non-coal-tar origin. The synthetic flavors, which are 
principally coal-tar derivatives, are relatively few in number, but are 
produced in large quantities. Among these are vanillin, with an 
increase of 14 percent in sales quantity and 19 percent in sales value 
over 1935. Methyl salicylate and coumarin show little change as 
compared with the preceding year. The group of coal-tar flavors and 
perfume materials shows a sharp drop in sales quantity (16 percent) 
but a slight increase in sales value (2 percent) in 1936. 

Synthetic flavors and perfume materials of non-coal-tar origin are 
listed separately for the first time in 1936. Production of this group 
totaled 1,189,126 pounds, with sales of 1,158,629 pounds valued at 
$858,453. 

Table 15. — Synthetic flavors and perfu?ne materials: United States production and 

sales, 1936 

[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on 
p. 95. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number 
with the designated product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that the statistics 
of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information in regard to individual firms. 
The figures thus concealed, however, are included in the total] 





Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 95) 


Produc- - 
tion 


Sales 


Name of flavor or perfume material 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAR 


75, 80, 112, X, X 

72,75 


Pounds 
13, 773 


Pounds 
















72, 75, 112, 215, 218, 

x,-x,x. 

72, 75, 195, 215, X, X, 

X. 
X .. 


29, 459 
42, 074 


27, 400 
40, 898 


$53, 358 
19, 949 


$1.95 




.49 








61,75,80, 112,215, X 

75,112,136,195 


14, 379 


16, 922 


17, 875 


1.06 








75,96,99,112,136,195... 
75, 112, 195, X 


144, 862 


148, 642 


81, 366 


.55 








72,75,X,X 




182 


298 


1.64 




72, 75, X 








72,75,215 


31 


27 


68 


2.52 




75.21S .. 






72, 75, 136, X, X 

72, 75, 80, 215, 218, X_ — 
72,75 


789 
4,365 


606 
4,183 


925 
6,554 


1.53 




1.57 








215 












80, X, X 


1,384 










75,80 










75,X,X,X 


6, 459 
232 


7, 052 
163 


7,361 
1,008 


1.04 




72,75,218 


6.18 




X 






136.X 












75, X... 












59,61,75,138,143.. 

72,75,80 


109, 156 


137, 506 


360, 496 


2.62 








75,218 












X 












80... .... 












72,75 












75,215 .. 












215 












61,75, X 












X .. 












59, 75, X... 












72, 75, X .. 




101 
1,852 


487 
1,861 


4.82 




75, 112, 158, 215, X, X... 
75 


2,140 


1.00 








72,218, X 


670 


491 
401 


5,964 
369 


12.15 




59,75, X 


.92 




138, 143, X... 








72 












X 










Isobutyl anthranilate... 


75. 











DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



43 



Table 15. — Synthetic flavors and perfume materials: United States production and 

sales, 1936 — Continued 





Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 95) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of flavor or perfume material 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) coal-tar— continued 


72,215 


Pounds 


Pounds 








75 












75, 215.X 












72.75 












75,218 












218 












218 












75,80, 112, X 












59,136 












75,95,158,215 












215, X,X 












72,75 










Methyl naphthvl ketone 


75, X 












80, 112, 215, X,X 












80 










Methylphenvl carbinyl acetate 


80 












59, 75, 95, 143, X 

61, 136, X, X 


1, 593, 381 

11, 790 

7,738 

46, 673 


1, 650, 542 


$510, 007 


$0 31 








61, 136, X, X .. 


7,165 
49, 773 


28, 661 
58, 556 


4 00 




61, 136, X, X . 


1 18 


b-Naphthvl ethvl ether 


80,112 




b-Naphthvl methyl ether 


80,112 












80, 112, 215.X 










Phenylacetic aldehyde-- 


75, X 












75 












1,75.215 












59,75, 112,215,219, X-_. 
218 


138, 152 


122, 573 


264,912 


2 16 


Phenvlethyl anthranilate ... 






75,215 










Phenvlethyl cinnarnate.- -_- 


72 










Phenylethvl formate .- 


72 












75,215 












72 










Phenylethvl salicylate .. 


61,72,218 












72 












X 












72 










Phenvlpropvl propionate 


215 












72 












143 










Salicy] aldehyde 


59,61 












X 












138, 143, X, X 


314, 891 


293, 501 


912, 780 


3.11 








Total coal-tar flavors and perfume 
materials: 


2, 482, 398 
998, 583 


2, 509, 980 
926, 781 


2, 332, 855 
887, 533 


.93 


statistics are shown. 
Those for which individual 




.96 


statistics cannot be shown. 








3, 480, 981 


3. 436, 761 


3, 220, 388 


.94 




218 




(B) NON-COAL-TAR 










218 










Aldehyde: 

C 7 (heptyl) 


72, X 










C 8 (octyl). - 


215 










C 9 (nonyl) 


215 










C 10 (decyl) — 


215 .- 












67, 72, 75, X - .- 












32, 72, X 












X... 












72, X 












X 












94, 151, X 












75, X, X - 












72 












72, 75 












75 












75 










Citral 


32, 61, 72, 75, 127, 136, 

215, X, X, X, X. 
72,112,209,215, X 


26, 714 


25, 079 


45, 787 


1.83 


Citronellal - 





14800—38- 



44 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 15. — Synthetic flavors and perfume materials: United States production and 

sales, 1936 — Continued 





Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 95) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of flavor or perfume material 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(B) non-coal-tab— continued 


61, 75, 80, 112, 136, 215, 

X, X. 
72, 75,218 


Pounds 


Pounds 








56 










218 










X 












X.. 












X... 












75 












75. 












X.... 












37, X 












32,72,78, 158, X, X... 
158, X 


45,920 


42, 930 


$26, 924 


$0.63 






72, 78, 158, X 




642 
3,331 


730 
2,526 


1 14 




72, 75, 158, X, X 




76 




72, 75, 127... 


17, 588 






32 










72 










Ethyl n-valerate 


75.X 












218... 












61, 72, 75, 80, 112, 127, 
136, 209, 215, 218, X, 
X, X, X, X. 

61, 72, 75, 80, 112, 136, 
215, 218, X, X. 

72, 75, 218 


211,610 

14, 456 
34 


205, 239 


155, 215 


.76 














Geranyl formate .- 


72,75 










X, X, X... 


36, 178 


27,469 


49, 681 


1 81 




61, X 






X 












61, 136, 138, 215, 219, 

X, X. 
75, 78, 158, X 


42, 503 

9,974 

289 

1,165 


42,209 

7,054 

417 

1,148 


89, 272 

5,743 

412 

1,859 


2 11 




81 




75, 78, 158, X... 


99 




72, 158, X, X 


1.62 


Isoamyl propionate 


X, X 




Isoamyl undecylenate 


X.... 










Isobornyl acetate 


61, 158 












72 










Isobutyl butyrate ._ 


75. 










Isoeugenol 


72, 218, X, X, X 










Isopulegol 


80 












72, 75, 215, 218, X 










Linalyl formate, . 


75 












61, 138, 219, X... 


17, 295 


16, 418 


41, 776 


2 54 


Methyl isoeugenol... 


72 




Octyl alcohol (sec.) (Capryl alcohol) 


7 










Rhodinol 


72, 75, 127, 209, 215, 218, 

X, X, X, X, X. 
72 


5,432 


4,204 


62, 230 


14 80 


Rhodinol formate 




Rhodinyl acetate 


72, X 










Santalyl acetate 


218... 










Terpineol 


61, 94, X, X 


405, 120 


477, 654 


92. 629 


.19 


Terpinolene. 


61 




Terpinyl acetate 


61, 72, X 










Terpinyl anthranilate 


218 










Tributyl citrate 


115. 










Undecalactone 


72, X 










Vertiverol acetate 


72,218, X, X, X 

218. 


605 








All other 




















Total non-coal-tar flavors and 
perfume materials: 
Those for which individual 


834, 939 
354, 187 


853, 794 
304, 835 


574, 784 
283, 669 


.67 


statistics are shown. 




.93 


statistics cannot be shown. 






Grand total.. 


1, 189, 126 


1, 158. 629 


858, 453 


.74 









DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



45 



SYNTHETIC RESINS 

Statistics of synthetic resins are divided into two general groups: 
(a) Of coal-tar origin and (b) not of coal-tar origin. The remarkable 
growth of this industry, to the present time, has been principally in 
the resins of coal-tar origin. These in 1936 reached the all-time peak 
of 117,301,780 pounds, of which about 78 percent was derived from 
tar acids and 22 percent was alkyd resins. Sales totaled 86,213,735 
pounds valued at $17,056,099, or 31 percent more by quantity and 
33 percent more by value, than in 1935. There were 62 producers of 
coal-tar resins in 1936, as compared with 55 in 1935. 

Resins not of coal-tar origin were produced in increased quantity. 
The output was 15,611,041 pounds, with sales of 14,766,640 pounds 
valued at $3,591,467. The commercial production of resins from 
petroleum was reported for the first time in 1936. 



Table 16. — Synthetic resins: United States production and sales, 1936 

[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on 
p. 95. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification num- 
ber with the designated product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that the sta- 
tistics of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information in regard to individual 
firms. The figures thus concealed, however, are included in the total] 





Manufacturers' identifi- 
cation numbers (ac- 
cording to list on p. 
95) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of resin 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAR 

Derived from — 


4, 19, 150 


Pounds 


Pounds 








4, 17, 35, 62, 208, X, X, 

X, X, X, X, X, X. 
61 


11, 464, 838 


9, 217, 697 


$1, 305, 395 


$0. 14 






Phenol- 
Cast- 


40, 61, 73, 108, 133, 183, 
XXX 

8, 2l', 35', 40,' 47, 51, 62, 76, 
124, 183, X, X, X, X, 
X, X, X, X, X, X, X, 
X, X, X. 

130, 186, X, X, X, X 

4, 8, 18, 21, 30, 35, 38, 61, 
94, 111, 124, 160, 174, 
214, X, X, X, X, X, 
X, X, X, X, X, X, X, 
X, X, X, X, X. 

X 


6,111,632 
45, 490, 961 

7, 281, 897 
46, 952, 452 


6, 013, 855 
43, 039, 053 

3, 690, 595 
24, 252, 535 


2, 476, 619 
6, 942, 404 

1, 019, 560 
5, 312, 121 


.41 


Other 


. 16 




.28 


Phthalic anhydride and maleic 
anhydride. 

Stvrol 


.23 




143... 






















Total coal-tar resins ' 


117,301,780 


86, 213, 735 


17, 056, 099 


.20 




94 




(B) NON-COAL-TAR 

Derived from — 

Abalyn-hvdrogen-nitrogen 










Abietic acid 


94, X... 










Acrylic acid esters 


61, X 










Adipic acid 


X 










Ketone.. 


X 










Petroleum 


179 










Terpenes 


94 










Urea 


61, X, X, X, X, X 










Urea and thiourea 


X 










Vinyl acetate and chloride 


37, 87 . 










Wood-rosin-methyl-alcohol 


94 
























15,611,041 


14, 766, 640 


3, 591, 467 


.24 









1 Does not include resins derived from coumarone and indene, hydrocarbons, styrol, and sulfonamides. 



46 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



SYNTHETIC RUBBER CHEMICALS 

A separate statistical table is shown herein for the synthetic chem- 
icals used in rubber compounding. In earlier reports, rubber chemi- 
cals of coal-tar origin were listed under "miscellaneous finished coal-tar 
products" and the non-coal-tar group was included in the general table 
for all types of non-coal-tar synthetics. The increasing importance of 
these chemicals warrants a separate tabulation in this report. Most of 
the coal-tar derivatives listed would, if imported, be classed as inter- 
mediates under paragraph 27 of the Tariff Act of 1930. 

Accelerators of coal-tar origin show the greatest increase over 1935. 
Production increased 38 percent, sales quantity 32 percent, and sales 
value 28 percent. The production of coal-tar antioxidants increased 
19 percent, sales quantity 31 percent, and sales value 33 percent over 
1935. Accelerators account for 57 percent and antioxidants 43 per- 
cent of the 1936 output of coal-tar rubber chemicals. 

Among the rubber chemicals not of coal-tar origin there are very 
few for which statistics may be published. Tetramethylthiouram sul- 
fide and disulfide show an increase of 35 percent in production, and 
sales (quantity and value) an increase of 27 percent over the preceding 
year. Dithiocarbamates increased 6 percent in output, 24 percent in 
sales quantity, and 53 percent in sales value. 

Table 17. — Synthetic rubber chemicals: United States production and sales, 1936 

[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on 
p. 95. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification num- 
ber with the designated product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that the sta- 
tistics of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information in regard to individual 
firms. The figures thus concealed, however, are included in the total] 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (accord- 
ing to list on 
p. 95) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAR 




Pounds 
17, 449, 435 


Pounds 
11,375,166 


$4, 828, 989 


$0.42 










1, 792, 125 


1, 413, 306 


523, 609 


.37 




61, 143, X 






61, 87, 143, X 

X 


820, 183 








Butyraldehyde-methylene aniline. . 










X .. 












X .. 










Methylene aniline 


61 .. 










Other, total 




15, 657, 310 


9, 961, 860 


4, 305, 380 


.43 


Aminobenzothiazole. _. - ~ 


87 






143.-- 












X -. 










Carbon disulfide on methylene 


143 










dipiperidine. 
p-p'Diaminodiphenylmethane 


X 










Dibenzothiazyl-dimethylthiol-urea. 


143 










Dibenzothiazyldimethvlthiol urea, 


143 










diphenylguanidine phthalate and 
anhydroformaldehyde aniline. 
Dibenzylamine 


X 










Dinitrophenylbenzothiazyl sulfide 


143, X 










plus diphenylguanidine aoetate. 
Dinitrophenyldimethyldithiocar- 


X... 










bamate. 
Dinitrophenyl ester of mercapto- 


143 










benzothiazole. 
Diphenylcarbamyl dimethyldithio- 


X 










carbamate. 
Diphenylethane polymer. 


X 












8, 59, 61, 143 

143 


1, 628, 375 


1, 327, 624 


441, 760 


.33 


Diphenylguanidine acetate 




Diphenylguanidine phthalate 


143 










Diphenylguanidine succinate 


X 











DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



47 



Table 17. — Synthetic rubber chemicals: United States production and sales, 1936 — 

Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (accord- 
ing to list on 
p. 95) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) coal-tar— continued 

Accelerators— Continued. 
Other — Continued. 

Diphenylguanidine and dinitro- 
phenyl ester of mereaptobenzo- 
thiazole. 
Diphenylguanidine phthalate, di- 
phenylguanidine and dinitro- 
phenyl ester of mercaptobenzo- 
thiazole. 


143 


Pounds 


Pounds 






143 










61, X 












61 












143 










mercaptobenzothiazole . 


143, X, X 


7, 551, 596 








Mercaptobenzothiazole on benzyl 

chloride addition of hexamethyl- 

enetetramine. 
Mercaptobenzothiazole methylene 

aniline. 
Mercaptobenzothiazole methylene- 

o-toluidine. 
Mercaptobenzothiazole, potassium 

salt. 
Mercaptobenzothiazole, zinc salt 


61 








X 










X ... 










61 










61, X 










61, 143 












143 










Methylene mercaptobenzothiazole. - 
Methylene p-toluidine (anhydro- 

formaldehyde p-toluidine). 
Piperidine penta methylene dithio- 

carbamate and potassium salt. 


X 










61 










61 










61, 143, 148 












61, 148 










Urea-butyraldehy de aniline 


X . 












13, 304, 466 


10, 188, 057 


$3, 562, 078 


$0.35 




X 














p-Aminodiphenyl acetone compound. _. 


143 










X 












X 












61 










Crotonylidine-a-naphthylamine 


87 










143 












X 












61 .. 












X 










Diphenylamine acetone formaldehyde. . 


X 










X 










s-Di (b-naphthol) p-phenylenediamine . 


87 . 










61, 87, X 


551, 698 








Diphenyl-p-phenylenediamine and p- 
amino-diphenyl acetone compound. 

Diphenyl-p-phenyleneamine and ani- 
line acetone, acid derivatives. 


143 - 








143 










87 










Di-o-tolylguanidine salt of dicatechol 
borate. 


61 










61 












61 










p-Methyl-p-(p-tolylsulfonylamino) di- 
phenylamine. 
Phenol-cyclohexanone compound 


X 










X 










61, 148 












61, 83, 87 












X 










Polyethylene polyamine plus b-naph- 
thol. 


X 










X 










2:2:4-Trimethyldihydroquinoline and 
polymers. 


87 










61 


























30, 753, 901 


21, 563, 223 


8, 391, 067 


.39 









48 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 17. — Synthetic rubber chemicals: United Slates production and sales, 1936 — 

Continued 




Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (accord- 
ing to list on 
p. 95) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(B) NON-COAL-TAR 

Accelerators: 


61, 143 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Dipenta methylene thiouramtetra sul- 


61 










fide. 




90, 132 


91, 608 


$182, 797 


$2.00 


Dibutyl 


227 




Diethyl.. 


227 










Dimethvl _ 


227 










Lead dimethyl 


X 












X 










Zinc diethvl 


X 










Zinc dimethyl.. 


X, X, X 










Tetramethylthiouram sulfide and di- 
sulfide. 


61, X, X, X 

X 


308, 451 


310, 059 


701, 184 


2.26 


Xanthates: 

Di-n-butvlxantho disulfide 


X 












89 












89, 143 










Potassium butvl 


89, 143, X 










Potassium ethyl. 


89, 143 












X 










Potassium pentasol 


89. 












89, 143 










Zinc butvl 


X, X 












X . 










Others 


142 






















Total non-coal-tar rubber chemi- 










cals.' 













i Total not publishable. Included in "Miscellaneous" synthetic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC PRODUCTS 

Miscellaneous finished coal-tar products are a group of unrelated 
commodities and minor products. Among these are photographic 
chemicals, synthetic tanning materials, solvents, plasticizers, textile 
assistants, diazo salts, and naphthol AS derivatives. 

Many increases in production occurred in the products of the group 
not of coal-tar origin. The total output was 2,023,439,430 pounds, 
including rubber chemicals, with sales of 1,017,790,498 pounds, valued 
at $99,502,726. Individual products for which increased output is 
noted include acetic anhydride, 18 percent; butyl acetates, 34 percent; 
butyl alcohols, 30 percent; carbon tetrachloride, 23 percent; ethyl ace- 
tate, 27 percent; ethyl ether, 16 percent; methyl ethyl ketone, more 
than 100 percent; isopropyl alcohol and methanol, 40 percent; and 
formaldehyde, 25 percent. Sales of acetone increased 15 percent and 
the sales price declined from 8 cents to 6 cents per pound in 1935. 

Statistics for these groups of miscellaneous synthetic products are 
not comparable with those for previous years because of the inclusion 
of products heretofore classified elsewhere. Rapid fast dyes and 
rapidogene dyes formerly listed under "Miscellaneous finished coal-tar 
products" are shown in 1936 under unclassified direct dyes. Rubber 
chemicals and flavors and perfume materials not of coal-tar origin are 
listed separately for the first time. 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



49 



Table 18. — Miscellaneous synthetic chemicals: United States ■production and sales* 

1986 

[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on 
p. 95. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification 
number with the designated product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that the 
statistics of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information in regard to individual 
firms. The figures thus concealed are, however, included in the total] 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (accord- 
ing to list on p. 95) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAR ' 


61. 


Pounds 


Pounds 








99 












99, 143 












61, 99, 143, X 












X 












143 












120, 148, 206, X 










tors. 


X. 












61. 












X 












66 










Diazo salts: 

Fast blue salt B, BN 


83, 148 










Fast blue salt BB... 


83 












83, 148.... 












83, 148. 










Fast red salt AL, B .. 


83, 148 










Fast red salt GL, 3GL .. 


83 










Fast red salt G, 3G, KB, TR. 


148 












83, 148 












83 












67. 










Gases (poisonous, tear, etc.) : 


33, 71.... 












13. 












71, 167 












61,99 












X.. 










ocyanates. 


X 












61.. 












61, 99 












61 .. 












61 










Naphthol AS and derivatives: 

Naphthol AS... 


6,33,83, 148. 

6, 61, 83, 148_. 

83. 


273, 397 
71, 029 


314, 076 


$375, 803 


$1.20 


Naphthol AS, BS 




Naphthol AS, BO 








Naphthol AS, BR 


83 .. 










Naphthol AS, D 


83, 148 










Naphthol AS, NB 


83 










Naphthol AS, OL 


83... 










Naphthol AS, PH 


83. 










Naphthol AS, RL 


83 










Naphthol AS, SW .. 


6, 83, 148 












67 










Photographic chemicals: 


67 












167 . 












219. 










(amidol). 


61,66, 219, 229, X. 
66, 67, X, X 


784, 698 


765, 154 


558, 236 


.73 








61,. 66, X, X .. 










(metol) (rhodol). 
Phthalates, total 




10, 273, 647 


10, 162, 325 


1, 914, 139 


.19 




112, 115, 213 . 






X.„ 










Dibutyl 


8, 52, 61, 112, 115, 

143, 213. 
61 


5, 644, 166 
...#. 


5,301,280 


919, 728 


AT 






Dietbvl 


112. 143, 213, X 

01, X . 


700, 686 


856, 328 


142, 795 


.17 








52, 112, 143, 213, X 
143. 




















Ethoxy ethyl 


X 











• Rubber chemicals are classified as a separate group and rapid fast and rapidogene dyes are under 
unclassified dyes. 



50 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 18. — Miscellaneous synthetic chemicals: United States production and sales, 

1936 — Continued 





Manufacturers' 

identification 
numbers (accord- 
ing to list on p. 95) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(a) coal-tar— continued 

Print sol colors: 
Blue B 


148 -. 


Pounds 


Pounds 








148... 












148 










Red Q 


148... 










Scarlet B, 2G 


148 












66, X .. 












7, 31, 66, 206.. 










Sodium dicresyldithioptaosphate 


X. 










8, 19, 44, 83, 141, 

148, 154, X, X. 

61 






















6, 8, 44, 61, S3, 143, 

148, X, X, X. 
61, 143, X 


2, 100, 288 


2, 269, 184 


$674, 993 


$0.30 


















Total miscellaneous coal-tar 
chemicals: 


13, 563, 059 
24, 339, 038 


13, 510, 739 
21, 325, 002 


3, 523, 171 
4. 948, 695 


.26 


are shown. 




.23 


cannot be shown. 








37, 902, 097 


34, 835, 741 


8, 471, 866 


.24 


(B) NON-COAL TAK 


37,68, 154, X 






154 












59,99 












154, 213, X. 












37, 59, 66, X, X 
83, 96, 112, 115 


136, 889, 876 








(100 percent). 










37, 52, 178, 193, 213, 

X. 
66, X. 


94, 565, 804 


64, 651, 128 


4, 066, 906 


.06 








37 












59,84, X 


8,053 










37,66,67 










66,67 .. 












67. 












220 










Amines: 


X. 










Butyl (n-di). 


61 










Ethyl (di). 


227... 










Methyl— 


52,61 










Di 


52,61— 










Tri 


61. . 














10, 222, 991 


11,776,930 


1, 160, 960 


.10 




52,61,178,191,213 . 






78, X 












115, 158, X, X.. . 














11,473,212 










61,191,213 










193,X 












191.X.... 












78, 115, X 












191 












191 .. 












X.... 












78,213. . 














63, 335, 767 


52, 749, 654 


4, 366, 367 


.08 




37, 52, 61, 72, 78, 
*141,178,213. 
R3, X 
















61. 














75, 327, 184 


41, 007, 744 


3, 263, 700 


.08 




37, 52, 178, 213 






193, X. 












193 










Iso (100 percent) 


37,61.. 











DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



51 



Table 18. — Miscellaneous synthetic chemicals: United States production and sales, 

1986 — Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (accord- 
ing to list on p. 95) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(B) non-coal tar— continued 


52 


Pounds 


Pounds 








37,52 












66. 












99 












115 












52. 










Butyl propionate (100 percent) 


78,115,213. 










52, 115. 












37,66,158 












37. 












99. 












138, 143 












9,192 












61, 151. . 












132,158 












59, 89, 155, 207, 224, 
X. 


68, 460, 947 
50, 300, 527 


62, 282, 020 
42, 304, 433 


$2, 569, 921 
3, 025, 588 


$0.04 




.07 




37,59 






61 












22,61 . 












59. 












61 












61 












61,224. 












59 












59. 












61, 224. 










Chloroacetic acid (mono and di) 


59 










66 










Chloroform (tech and USP) 


22,29,59.61,89 












45, 140, X 












37, 154. 












154... 












37, 52, 141 












37 












59. 












37 












161 












112,115 












116 












37 . 












37 












116 












116 












X 












37 












37.X.. 












213 












37 












37,66 












37 










Diethylene glycol diethyl ether 

Diethylene glycol dipropionate 


37 










X 










37 . 










Diethylene glycol monobutyl ether 
acetate. 

Diethylene glycol monoethyl ether..^_ 

Diethylene glycol monoethyl ether ace- 
tate. 

Diethylene glycol monomethyl ether. . 


37 . 










37 










37 










37 . -. . - 










37 












X 












X 












X . . 












61 












7,66 












61 












61 .. ... 












X -_- 












37, 52, 61, 76, 78, 

113,141,178,213. 

37,213 


73, 413, 681 


55, 778, 905 


3, 447, 043 


.05 








37 . 












1,59 












59 . 










Ethyl butyl acetate . 













52 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 18. — Miscellaneous synthetic chemicals: United States production and sales, 

1936 — Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (accord- 
ing to list on p. 95) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(B) non-coal tar— continued 


37 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Ethyl chloride (tech. and USP) 


59, 61, 78, 82, X 










213 . 










Ethyl ether (tech., USP and absolutes- 


37, 61, 132, 140, 213, 

X. 
52, 75, 78, 132, 158, 

X, X. 
37 


9, 213, 707 


10, 068, 272 


$1, 547, 452 


$0.15 














37 












37 












37 .. 












X . 












132 












59,X 












78,213 












72,76,78, 213, X, X. 
37 


389, 977 








Ethyl silicate.. 








37 










Ethylenediamine (med. and tech.) 


25,37 










34,59,69 












37,59 












37,X 










Ethylene glycol .monobutyl ether 

Ethylene glyco 1 monobutyl ether 

oleate. 
Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether 

stearate. 

Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether 

Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether 

acetate. 

Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether 

Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether 

acetate. 


37 .. 










X . 










X 










37 










37 










37 










37, 78 - 










37 












X 












106 - 










Fatty alcohols (containing more than 
8 carbon atoms). 


61 










151 












61,68,95 












61 












61, 220 






















Furfural derivatives: 


99,182 
























182 . 












182 . 










Tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohoL .. 












66, 132,229 .. 


310, 176 










115 






















X 






















Hexamethylenetetramine, tech 


61, 95, 143 
































Higher alcohols (containing more than 
5 carbon atoms). 


61, X 










61 












99 












7 
























61 






















Isopropyl alcohol (Isopropanol) 


37, 193, X 


140,525,185 




















































Lactic acid: 

Edible (100 percent) 








































































Methanol (synthetic) 


I 37,52,61,68.. 


169, 933, 374 


101, 724, 372 


4, 286, 180 


.04 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



53 



Table 18. — Miscellaneous synthetic chemicals: United States production and sales, 

1986— Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (accord- 
ing to list on p. 95) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(B) non-coal tar— continued 


154 


Pounds 


Pounds 








37. 












1 










Methyl" chloride (Chlorome thane) 
(100 percent). 


13, 22, 61, 143, 173, 

221. 
99 . 


3, 106, 419 


3, 181, 487 


$1, 032, 677 


$0.32 




52, 61, 112 












37 - 










Methyl isobutyl carbinol acetate 


37 










X 












37 












X .. 












37, 193, X... 












37 












193 












37 












37 .. 












31 












84, 162, 220, X 

154 


9, 355, 869 


9, 055, 969 


950, 919 


.10 








61, 95 












X 












143 . 










Polyglycerol-abietic acid compound 


143. 










37, 61 












37 












99 













61 .. 












37 












25 .. 












37, 59.... 












37, 61. 












37 












66, 132, 229 

66 . 


95, 694 


83, 163 


114, 527 


1.38 








61, X 












7 












61, 132, 220, X .. 












213 . 












220 












18 .. 












154 












61, 83, X, X, X... 












X 












143 .. 










hyde ammonia compound. 


59 










bromide). 


61 












37 . 












52 .. 












116 












37 .. 












169 . 












52, 143 . 












37 












37 












37 












X 












61 












61 






















fume materials, table 15). 


37 












61, X... 












22, 61, X 






















Total miscellaneous non-coal-tar 
chemicals: 


916, 928, 443 
21,106,510,987 


454, 664, 077 
563, 126, 421 


29, 832, 240 
69, 670, 486 


.07 


statistics are shown. 




.12 


statistics cannot be shown. 






Grand total J 


2,023,439,430 


1,017,790,498 


99, 502, 726 


.10 









1 Includes non-coal-tar rubber chemicals. 



PART III 

DETAILED STATISTICS OF IMPORTS INTO THE UNITED STATES OF 
DYES AND OTHER COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, AS OBTAINED FROM AN 
ANALYSIS OF INVOICES 

[Paragraphs 27 and 28, Tariff Act of 1930] 

Foreign Commerce and Navigation of the United States reports the 
importation of 3,768,918 pounds of coal-tar dyes with a dutiable value 
of $5,697,793 in 1936. These statistics, together with other official 
data on the importation of coal-tar products, are shown in part IV, 
appendix 1, of this report. An analysis of invoices made by the Tariff 
Commission covers imports of 3,518,831 pounds valued at $5,150,840, 
or about 93 percent of the volume and 90 percent of the value of 
imports reported in official statistics. The discrepancies between the 
invoice analysis data and official statistics are due largely to broader 
statistical classifications in the official figures. 

Table 19 compares imports of coal-tar dyes since 1926 with imports 
in the fiscal year 1914. The figures for quantity in 1914 were taken 
from Department of Commerce, Special Agent Series 121, and for 
value, from Foreign Commerce and Navigation. The figures for 
1926 to 1930, inclusive, were taken from the annual Census of Dyes 
and Other Synthetic Organic Chemicals, and those for the years 
since 1930 are from Statement 2865, published by the Tariff Commission 
and the Department of Commerce. 



Table 19.- 



-Coal-tar dyes: Imports into the United States, fiscal year 1914- and 
calendar years 1926-36 



Year 


Quantity 


Invoice 
value 


Year 


Quantity 


Invoice 
value 


1936 


Pounds 

3, 518, 831 
3, 638, 177 
3, 392, 717 

4, 288, 214 
3, 903, 236 
4, 736, 712 


$5, 150, 840 
5, 489, 547 
5, 035, 325 
4, 791, 704 

3, 516, 347 

4, 099, 521 


1930 


Pounds 

4, 114, 882 
6, 437, 147 
5;351,951 
4, 233, 046 
4, 673, 196 
45, 950, 895 


$3, 500, 154 
5, 374, 085 
4,321 867 


1935 


1929 . 


1934 


1928 

1927 

1926 

1914 


1933 


3,413,886 
4, 103 301 


1932 


1931 


9, 502, 714 









Table 20. — Coal-tar dyes: Percentage of imports from principal producing countries, 

1935 and 1936 





[From invoice analysis by U 


S. Tariff Commission] 








Imported from — 


Percent of total 
quantity 


Percent of total 
value 




1936 


1935 


1936 


1935 


Germany. 


48.60 

47.68 

2.32 

1.40 


48.62 

50.18 

.84 

.36 


49.11 

48.72 

.57 

1.60 


50.36 


Switzerland 


48.63 


Ensland 


.64 


Other countries.. 


.37 








Total 


100. 00 


100. 00 


100. 00 


100. 00 







55 



56 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 21. — Coal-tar dyes: Imports into the United States, classified by method of 
application, 1935 and 1936 

[From invoice analysis] 





1936 


1935 


Class of dye 


Quantity 


Invoice 
value 


Percent 
of total 

quantity 


Quantity 


Invoice 
value 


Percent 
of total 
quantity 




Pounds 

778, 009 

928, Oil 

293, 438 

997, 557 

245, 682 

122, 050 

97, 617 

55, 876 

591 


$1, 156, 022 

1,341,400 

357, 598 

1, 398, 872 

466, 507 

187, 098 

68, 191 

173, 996 

1,156 


22.11 

26.37 

8.34 

28.35 

6.98 

3.47 

2.77 

1.59 

.02 


Pounds 

785, 797 

784, 253 

317, 436 

999, 906 

503, 682 

109, 222 

77, 340 

59, 371 

1,170 


$1, 131, 903 

1, 108, 626 

364, 987 

1, 438, 596 

990, 170 

203, 883 

52, 701 

197, 195 

1,486 


21.60 


Vat- . 


21.56 




8.73 


Direct ' - 


27.48 




13.84 




3.00 


Sulfur 


2.13 


Color lake and spirit soluble 

Unclassified, miscellaneous 


1.63 
.03 


Total -. - 


' 3,518,831 


5, 150, 840 


100. 00 


3, 638, 177 


5, 489, 547 


100. 00 







i Includes rapid fast dyes. 

Table 22.- — Coal-tar chemicals other than dyes: Imports into the United States, 

1935 and 1936 



[From invoice analysis] 



Aromatic chemicals 

Medicinals and pharmaceuticals 

Color lakes - 

Other products in par. 28 

Intermediates 



Quantity 



Pounds 

34, 772 

27, 427 

9,208 

103, 751 

2, 225, 146 



Invoice 
value 



$57, 125 

115, 355 

9,270 

143, 264 

2, 096, 536 



1935 



Quantity 



Pounds 

22, 115 

22, 485 

14, 031 

103,111 

1, 884, 784 



Invoice 
value 



$44, 739 

73, 343 

12, 024 

95, 885 

2, 055, 189 



Table 23. 



-Coal-tar dyes: Detailed statistics of imports into the United Slates in 
1936 as obtained from invoice analysis 



Colour 


Com- 


Index 


peti- 


Num- 


tive 


ber 


status » 


11 


NC 


27 


C 


27 


c 


32 


NC 


32 


NC 


32 


NC 


32 


NC 


54 


NC 


54 


NC 


77 


NC 


114 


C 


145 


c 


150 


NC 


246 


C 


247 


C 


252 


C 


276 


NC 


307 


C" 


315 


NC 



Name of dye 



Quantity 



Subtotal Total 



Anthralan yellow RRT. 

Acid orange GO. ..- 

Orange GG crystals 



ACID DYES 



Pounds 



Acid anthracene red 5BL. 

Brilliant sulfon red B 

Brilliant sulfon red 5B 

Brilliant sulfon red 10B . . . 



250 
265 
330 
110 



Acetophenylene red S . 
Sorrel red X 



11 
1,850 



Pilatus scarlet A 

Kiton fast red R. 

Jasmine high cone 

Orange S 

Blue black NSF 

Azo dark green A 

Cotton scarlet extra 

Wool fast scarlet R 

Acid milling black BB. 
Brilliant black BX 



Pounds 
750 



1,861 

25 

3,594 

2,522 

75 

50 

11 

100 

231 

13, 251 

2,900 



C = Competitive; N C = Noncompetitive. 



« Status changed during the year. 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



57 



Table 23. — Coal-tar dyes: Detailed statistics of imports into the United States in 
1936 as obtained from invoice analysis — Continued 



Com- 
peti- 
tive 

status i 



Name of dye 



Quantity 



Subtotal Total 



C 
C 

c 
c 
c 

NC 
NC 
NC 

C 
Ci 
NC 

C 

C 

C 



c» 
c 

NC 
C> 

c 

C J 

c 

NC 
NC 

NC 

C 

c 

c 

c 
c 
c 

c 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 

C 

C 
NC 

C 

c 

NC 

NC 
NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 
C 
C 
C 

c 

NC 
NC 
NC 

NC 
C 
C 
C 

NC 
NC 



Polar red G._ 
Polar red RS. 



acid dyes— continued 



Acid milling red G 

Acid milling red R.. 

Fast light yellow GG 

Acid chrome yellow GL 

Acid chrome yellow 3GL 

Xylene light yellow R cone. 



Polar yellow 5G 

Kiton fast yellow 3G... 
Viridine 

Sulpho green 2B 

Benzyl green B 

Erioviridine B supra... 
Erio viridine B supra I. 



Acid green F 

Erioglaucine AP for lakes. 

Erioglaucine EP 

Erioglaucine X high cone. 



Erioglaucine supra . 
Kiton pure blue V. 
Xylene blue VS 



Xylene blue AS 

Acid fuchsine extra. 

Acid magenta 

Acid magenta O 



Eriocyanine R C 

Kiton fast violet 10B. 



Acid violet ACS... 

Acid violet 5B 

Acid violet 4BLO_. 
Benzyl violet 5BN. 



Eriocyanine AC 

Alkali violet 4BNOO. 

Acid violet 7BN 

Acid violet 7B 

Methyl silk blue new. 

Cotton blue R 

Ink blue BJTBN 

Ink blue BJTE 

Soluble blue I old 



Patent blue V.„. 

Kiton blue A 

Blue extra 

BlueFF 

Xylene cyanol FF extra. 



Acid violet 6BN 

Acid violet 6BNOO. 



Fast acid blue B 

Erio green B supra 

Kiton fast green V .. 

Naphthalene acid green J. 
Xylene fast green B 



Brilliant acid rhodamine NB. 

Sulpho rhodamine B 

Xylene red B cone 



Fast acid eosine G 

Erio fast fuchsine BL. 
Fast acid violet A2R.. 
Fast acid violet R 



Chrysoline A. 
Chrysoline N. 



Pounds 
11 
11 



100 

575 
969 



2,183 

22 

11, 025 



26,504 
1,124 
5,091 



1,996 
1,873 
3,146 



50 

448 
1,000 



66 
1,985 



220 

11 

50 

1,961 



25 

1,500 

2 

500 



2,950 

600 

3,505 



6,635 
1,400 



4,432 

2,536 

11 

992 



100 
4,450 
4,563 



11 

11 
475 



675 



Pounds 



1,644 

11 

165 

159 

30 



13, 230 
100 



32, 719 



7,015 
10, 030 



1,498 
2,051 



2,242 

1,895 

50 

15 

25 

121 



2,027 

1,100 

662 



7,055 



8,035 
75 



7,971 



9,113 
100 



497 
774 



i C = Competitive; NC=Noncompetitive. 



2 Status changed during the year. 



58 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 23.- 



-Coal-tar dyes: Detailed statistics of imports into the United States in 
1936 as obtained from invoice analysis — Continued 



Colour 
Index 


Com- 
peti- 
tive 
status I 


Name of dye 


Quantity 


Num- 
ber 


Subtotal 


Total 


768 


NC 

NC 

C 

c 

NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 

C 
NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 
C 
C 
C 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 

C 

C 

NC 
NC 
NC 

C 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 


acid dyes— continued 
Eosine.. .. 


Pounds 


Pounds 
2 


801 




10 
5,589 
1,114 




801 






801 










6,713 
800 


828 




829 


Azo carmine BX. 




375 


833 




200 
1,167 




833 








Acid cvanine BF 


1,367 
7,340 


853 




865 




12,800 
100 


865 








Thiocarmine R - . ... 


12, 900 
200 


928 




1053 


Alizarin light blue ESE 




4,563 


1056 






300 


1058 




50 
25 




1058 










75 
450 


1060 




1063 


Anthracene blue SWR . 




200 


1073 


Alizarin light violet RS 


440 
1,750 




1073 


Anthralan violet 3B 






Alizarin direct blue RBX 


2,190 


1076 


275 

3,988 

11 

110 


1076 


Alizarin light blue R - 




1076 


Erio anthracene blue R 




1076 








Anthraquinone blue SR 


4,384 

4, 100 


1089 




1091 






900 


1092 






1,600 




Acetyl black N 




198 




Acid blue RBF 




1,234 




Acid blue black B 




500 








300 








110 




Acid brown RN 




11 




Acid golden vellow 2R 




220 








5,050 
75 




Acid leather brown E3G 






Acid leather brown EGB 




13, 350 
350 




Acid leather brown EGR 










8,950 
50 














50 




Acid leather brown ET 




1,500 








1,522 








22 








22 








1,124 








22 








55 








22 








11 








5,000 








518 








11 








66 








992 








2,528 








1,785 








6,744 








4, 145 








860 








10 




Acid violet 4BNOO 




25 




Acid violet CBB 




450 




Acid violet ClOBX 




50 








900 








11 








11 








11 




Acid yellow 2P _ _ __ _ .__ _ _ 




440 








600 




Alizarin cyanine green 5G 




1,050 



1 C = Competitive; NC=Noncompetitive. 



■ Status changed during the year. 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



59 



Table 23. — Coal-tar dyes: Detailed statistics of imports into the United States in 
1986 as obtained from invoice analysis — Continued 



Colour 
Index 


Com- 
peti- 
tive 
status i 


Name of dye 


Quantity 


Num- 
ber 


Subtotal 


Total 




C 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 

NC 

NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 
NC 

C 

C 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 


acid dyes— continued 


Pounds 


Pounds 
75 




Alizarin direct blue 6G_. 




200 








150 








475 








25 








100 




Alizarin light blue BRP 




210 




Alizarin light blue FF. . 




220 




Alizarin light blue 4GL 




4,563 
3,395 




Alizarin light brown BL 






Alizarin light violet 2RC 




1,499 




Alizarin milling blue SL 




1,134 




Alizarin night blue AG-- 




2,535 




Alizarin sapphire blue BBR_. 




77 




Alizarin sky blue FFB 




75 




Alizarin sky blue FFG 




10 




Alizarin sky blue G 




25 




Alizarin sky blue NA . . 




60 




Alizarin supra blue A3R 




25 




Alizarin supra blue SES._ 




1,250 




Alizarin supra sky G 




50 




Alizarin supra sky R __ 




7,600 




Alizarin supra sky SE. 




27 




Alkali fast green BBF 




150 




Alkali fast green 3G 




2 650 




Alphanol brown B.._ 




6,600 








825 




Amido naphthol brown 3G_. 




3,350 




Anthralan blue R 




100 




Anthralan orange GG 




17 




Anthralan red B 




11,400 




Anthralan violet 6B . 




25 




Anthralan violet 4BF 




400 




Azo rubinol 3GP.. 




250 




Blue FFG 




100 








50 




Brilliant acid blue R 




5 




Brilliant alizarin fast blue B. 




11 








660 








200 




Brilliant indocvanine 6B 


32, 200 
2,762 
1,587 












Brilliant eyanine 6B 






Brilliant indocyanine 7BF . 


36, 549 
300 










12, 900 
1,302 






Brilliant acid blue G 






Brilliant sulpho flavine FF 


14, 202 
175 






• 


Brilliant wool blue FFB 


5,800 
100 






Brilliant acid blue FFB 






Brilliant wool blue FFBX 


5,900 
221 








Cloth fast brilliant blue G 




330 




Cloth fast brown 5R 




220 








2,358 




Cloth fast orange G 




2,250 




Cloth fast orange R 




595 




Cloth fast red B.. 




440 




Cloth fast red 3B... 




4,358 




Cloth fast red R 




220 




Cloth fast yellow 2G 




882 




Cloth fast yellow 5G 




9,744 




Cloth fast vellow R__ 




1,475 




Coomassie violet 2RS 




60 




Cyanine HB 




13, 650 




Discharge black B. 




551 




Discharge blue A ... 




200 




Discharge red B for silk 




110 




Discharge red J. 




143 




Erganil gray BC 




250 




Erganil gray RC 




250 




Erganil light brown C... 




400 




Erganil medium brown C. 




50 




Erio anthracene brilliant blue BRL supra 




55 




Erio azurine 3B 




11 



1 C = Competitive; NC = Noncomp3titive. 
14800—38 5 



60 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 23. — Coal-tar dyes: Detailed statistics of imports into the United States in 
19S6 as obtained from invoice analysis — Continued 



Colour 
Index 
Num- 
ber 



Com- 
peti- 
tive 
status ' 



Name of dye 



acid dtes— continued 
Erio fast black B 

Erio fast brilliant fuchsine BBL 

Erio fast brilliant fuchsine BBL supra I 



Erio fast brilliant violet BR. 

Erio fast brown 5RL 

Erio fast orange GL 

Erio fast red B 

Erio fast red 2B 

Erio fast red G 

Erio fast yellow R 

Fast acid black N 

Fast acid green BB ... 

Fast acid pink B 

Fast jasmine G 

Fast silk yellow G 

Fast wool blue NS 

Flavazine E3GL 

Fullacine red 2B 

Fullacine yellow G 

Gloria yellow G 

Guinea brown GRL 

Guinea brown RLS 

Guinea fast green B ... 

Ink fast black A 

Kiton brown R 

Kiton fast green A 

Kiton fast red 4BL 

Kiton fast yellow G 

Lanasol violet R 

Metanil red 3B 

Neutral red BX 



NC 
C 

c 

NC 
NC 
NC 

C 
NC 
NC 

C 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 

c» 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
C 
NC 
NC 
NC 

NC 

NC 

C 

c 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

1 C = Competitive; NC=Xoncompetitive. 



Milling 
Milling 
Milling 
Milling 
Milling 
Milling 
Neolan 
Neolan 
Neolan 
Neolan 
Pilatus 



orange G 

orange GN___ 
yellow HG... 
yellow H3G.. 
yellow H5G-. 

yellow O 

black GG 

blueB 

blueG 

blueGR 

fast blue GR. 



Neolan blue RR 

Neolan Bordeaux R 

Neolan brown R 

Neolan gray BC 

Neolan green BG 

Neolan green LBN 

Neolan orange G 

Pilatus fast orange GEN. 



Neolan orange GGC. 

Neolan orange R 

Neolan orange 2R 



Neolan 
Neolan 
Neolan 
Neolan 
Neolan 
Neolan 
Neolan 
Neolan 
Neolan 
Neolan 
Neolan 
Pilatus 



pink B 

pink G 

redBRE 

red R 

verdon B 

violet R 

violet brown B_._ 

yellow BE 

yellow G 

vellow6GE 

yellow GR 

fast yellow GRN_ 



NerolGGL 

Neutral brown RX_. 
Neutral orange GX_. 
Neutral rubine 3BX. 
Neutral yellow EX.. 



Quantity 



Subtotal Total 



Pounds 



342 
261 



650 
261 



220 
410 



1, 233 
275 



4, 357 
1.587 



18, 498 
4,550 



2 Status changed during the year. 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



61 



Table 23. — Coal-tar dyes: Detailed statistics of imports into the United States in 
1936 as obtained from invoice analysis — Continued 



Colour 
Index 
Num- 
ber 



Com- 
peti- 
tive 

status i 



Name of dye 



Quantity 



Subtotal Total 



acid dyes— continued 



NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
C 

c 
c 
c 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 
NC 
NC 

C 
NC 

C 

c 

NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
C 



Novazol acid blue BL 

Novazol acid blue GL 

Novazol acid blue SL 

Novazol blue B 

Novazol violet B 

Patent blue AE 

Pilatus fast blue 

Pilatus fast blue BN 

Pilatus fast blue G. 

Pilatus fast blue GGN 

Pilatus fast blue GGNOO. 
Neolan blue GG 



Pounds 



13, 950 

550 

11.739 



Pilatus fast brown BRENO 

Pilatus fast brown RN 

Pilatus fast claret BN 

Pilatus fast claret RNX 

Pilatus fast dark green BNOO.. 

Pilatus fast green BLN 

Pilatus fast marine blue EENA. 

Pilatus fast orange GN 

Pilatus fast pink B 

Pilatus fast pink BNOO 

Pilatus fast red BE NO O 

Pilatus fast red ORE 

Pilatus fast red LBN 

Pilatus fast red RN 

Pilatus fast violet 3RN 

Pilatus fast yellow ELN 

Pilatus fast yellow 6GEN 

Pilatus fast yellow 3GN 

Pilatus fast yellow 6GN 

Pilatus fast yellow 5GNO 

Polar blue G 

Polar brilliant blue GAW 

Polar brilliant red B 

Polar brilliant red 3B 

Polar brilliant red 5B 

Polar brilliant red 10B 

Polar brilliant red 3BN 

Polar brilliant red G 

Polar gray 

Polar gray G 

Polar gray greenish 

Polar maroon VC 

Polar orange GS 

Polar orange R 

Polar red B 

Polar red 3B 

Polar red brown VC 

Polar yellow 3G 

Radio brown B 

Selan printing brown 3R 

Sella acid brown B 

Sella acid brown G 

Sella acid brown R 

Sella black 2B 

Silk black base color , 

Silk fast gray BB jL— 

Silk printing brown RN 

Silk yellow R 

Sulpho rhodamine BG 

Sulpho rhodamine G 

Sulphon yellow 5G 

Supramine brown G 

Supramine brown R 

Erio fast brown R 



Pounds 
3,219 
4,761 
5,010 
2,202 

562 
50 

200 
1,675 

550 



1, 950 
3, 056 



Supramine green G 

Supramine orange G 

Supramine pure blue BL... 

Supramine red B 

Supramine red GL 

Supramine violet R 

Supramine yellow G 

Supramine yellow 3G 

'C = Competitive; NC=Noncompetitive. 



62 

Table 23. 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

-Coal-tar dyes: Detailed statistics of imports into the United States in 
1936 as obtained from invoice analysis — Continued 



Com- 
peti- 
tive 

status ' 



C 

c 

NC 

NC 

NC 

C 

c 

NC 

c 

NC 
NC 



C 
C 

C 
NC 
C 
C 
C 
C 
C 

NC 
C 

c 

NC 

NC 

C 

C 

c 

c 
c 
c 

NC 

c 

NC 
C 

C 

NC 
NC 

NC 
C 

c 

NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 

NC 
C 

c 

NC 
C 
C 

NC 

C 

c 
c 

c 
c 



Name of dye 



acid dyes— continued 



Supramine v^llow 3GL 

Wool black GRF. 

Wool blue N 

Wool discharge blue GN 

Wool fast navy MG 

Wool green SC 

Xylene acid milling yellow 2G_ 

Xylene brilliant cyanine 6B 

Xylene fast red 2GP 

Xylene milling orange R 

Xylene milling red B 



CibablueRH 

Hydron blue R paste. 



Hvdron blue G paste, G pdr. (s. s.) . 
Vat blue WB pdr 

Cibanone deep blue BO pdr. (s. s.)_ 
Vat black BGA dbl. paste (s. s.)_— . 

Solanthrene brilliant violet N2R 

Solanthrene blue NRSN 

Vat brilliant blue R pdr. (s. s.) 



Vat blue RK pdr. (s. s.)-- 

Vat blue 3G paste 

Vat blue 3GN pdr. (s. s.)_ 



Vat blue GGSL pdr. (s. s.) 

Vat blue GGSNL dbl. paste (s. s.)_ 
Vat blue GGSZ dbl. paste (s. s.) - -- 



Cibanone blue B2G pdr. (s. s.)- 
Vat blue 5G pdr. (s. s.) 



Solanthrene blue NJT 

Vat green BB paste, BB pdr (s. s.) 

Algol brown BT pdr 

Algol gray R pdr. (s. s.) 

Vat pink B dbl. paste (s. s.) 

Vat red 5GK pdr. (s. s.) 

Solanthrene yellow N2J 

Vat yellow GK paste, GK pdr. (s. s.). 



Algol red BKpdr. (s. s.)_ 
Algol red R pdr. (s. s.)... 



Vat brilliant violet BBK paste, BBK pdr. (s. s.). 

Vat brilliant violet RK paste, RK pdr. (s. s.) 

Solanthrene brilliant violet NR 



Grelanone orange R pdr. (s. s.)_ 
Vat orange RRK pdr. (s. s.)._. 



Vat orange 6RTK paste— — 

Algol red GT dbl. paste (s. s.) 

Vat Bordeaux B paste, B pdr. (s. s.)_. 
Vat corinth RK paste, RK pdr. (s. s.)_ 

Vat gray GK paste 

Vat gray K pdr. (s. s.) 



Vat brown GR pdr. (s. s.). 
Cibanone olive 2R paste. . 
Solanthrene olive NR 



Vat brown BR paste 

Vat brown R pdr. (s. s.). 

Cibanone brown GR 

Solanthrene brown NR. 



Vat red violet RRK paste. RRK pdr. (s. s.)_ 

Cibanone red RK paste, RK pdr. (s. s.) 

Vat red RK paste, RK pdr. (s. s.) 



Vat violet FFBN paste, FFBN pdr. (s. s.)_ 
Cibanone orange R paste, R pdr. (s. s.) 



Quantity 



Subtotal Total 



Pounds 



330 

3,500 



11 
4,600 



575 
750 



1,750 
1,000 
1,600 



792 

1.200 



11 
2.650 



720 
400 



23, 650 
11 



440 
400 



450 
1,000 



10, 924 
11 



500 

440 

8,278 

11 



1,004 
5,350 



i C = Competitive; NC=Noncompetitive. 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



63 



Table 23. 



-Coal-tar dyes: Detailed statistics of imports into the United States in 
1936 as obtained from invoice analysis — Continued 



Colour 


Com- 


Index 


peti- 


Num- 


tive 


ber 


status i 


1170 


C 


1171 


NC 


1172 


NC 


1172 


NC 


1173 


NC 


1176 


NC 


1176 


NC 


1177 


C 


1178 


c 


1178 


NC 


1182 


NC 


1182 


NC 


1184 


C 


1184 


NC 


1186 


C 


1188 


NC* 


1188 


C 


1189 


C2 


1189 


c 


1190 


NC 


1190 


NC 


1196 


NC 


1202 


NC 


1203 


NC 


1207 


NC 


1207 


NC 


1207 


NC 


1212 


C 


1212 


NC 


1212 


C 


1217 


NC 


1218 


NC 


1228 


NC 




NC 




NC 




NC 




NC 




NC 




NC 




NC 




C 




NC 




NC 




NC 




NC 




C 




c 




NC 




NC 




NC 




C 




NC 




C 




NC 




C 




NC 




NC 




NC 




NC 




NC 




NC 




NC 




NC 




NC 1 



Name of dye 



Quantity 



Subtotal Total 



vat dyes— continued 



Cibanone yellow R pdr. (s. s.)- 
Cibanone brown B pdr. (s. s.)_ 

Cibanone black B paste 

Cibanone black 2G pdr. (s. s.)_ 

Cibanone blue 3G pdr. (s. s.)~ 
Helindone yellow Co vat pdr. 
Indigosol yellow HCG 



Reduced indigo 

Indigo vat BASF grains. 
Indigosol O. 



Pounds 



1,588 
2,648 



250 

6, 557 



Indigo vat BASF/RR. 
Indigosol OR.. 



625 
.450 



1, 075 
190 



Brilliant indigo BASF/4B pdr. (s. s.). 
Indigosol 04B 



?,400 
75, 000 



Indigo MLB/6B pdr. (s. s.)... 

Brilliant indigo BASF/BB paste, BASF/BB pdr. (s. s.)_ 
Indigo NBR paste.. 



Brilliant indigo BASF/4Q paste 

Brilliant indigo 4G paste, 4G pdr. (s. s.)_ 



Brilliant indigo B paste 

Brilliant indigo BASF/B paste. 



3, 750 

55 



24, 475 
19, 375 



2,766 
6,300 



Ciba yellow G paste 

Indigosol AZG 

Helindone blue 3G pdr.. 

Algol red 5B paste 

Ciba pink B paste 

Helindone red BB vat pdr. (s. s.). 



Ciba red 3B pdr. (s. s.) 

Indigosol red violet IRH 

Vat red violet RH pdr. (s. s.)_ 



9,400 
3,661 
2.500 



125 

2.395 
200 



Indigosol orange HR 

Vat scarlet R paste, R pdr. (s. s.) 

Vat scarlet GG paste 

Algol scarlet B paste, B pdr. (s. s.) 

Algol violet BBN dbl. paste, BBN pdr. (s. s.) — 

Algol yellow GR pdr. (s. s.) 

Brilliant indigo BASF pdr 

Carbanol blue LB 

Ciba blue GBH 

Ciba Bordeaux 2RN paste 

Ciba brown G paste 

Ciba orange R paste 

Ciba pink BG paste 

Ciba violet 6R pdr 

Cibanone black BA pdr 

Cibanone blue 3GF paste 

Cibanone blue 2R pdr 

Cibanone Bordeaux 2B pdr 

Cibanone dark blue MB pdr 

Cibanone golden orange G pdr 

Cibanone golden orange 2R paste, 2R pdr. (s. s.). 

Cibanone gray G pdr 

Cibanone navy blue RA pdr. (s. s.) 

Cibanone olive ON pdr 

Cibanone orange 6R pdr. (s. s.) 

Cibanone orange 8R paste, 8R pdr. (s. s.) 

Cibanone red 4B paste, 4B pdr. (s. s.) 

Cibanone red G paste, G pdr. (s. s.) 

Cibanone violet BW paste 

Cibanone violet 2BW paste 

Cibanone yellow 2GR pdr. (s. s.) 

Helindone black T vat grains 

Helindone brilliant yellow GF pdr 

Helindone brown CRD vat pdr 



Pounds 
3,080 
990 



4,236 



6,807 
235 



8,075 
1,265 



77, 400 
875 



3,805 
43, 850 



9,066 

1,431 

3,174 

10 



15,561 



2 720 

5! 008 

10, 550 

300 

5,050 

6,125 

900 

25 

595 

330 

1,210 

86, 199 

220 

5,114 

66 

4,564 

265 

165 

88 

551 

72 

1,090 

11 

920 

22 

825 

8,871 

5, 854 

2,485 

110 

640 

990 

600 

27 

3,650 



1 C = Competitive; NC=Noncompetitive. 



2 Status changed during the year. 



64 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 23. — Coal-tar dyes: Detailed statistics of imports into the United States in 
1936 as obtained from invoice analysis— Continued 



Com- 
peti- 
tive 

status i 



NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
C 

c 

NC 

c 
c 
c 

NC 
NC 

C 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 
NC 

C 

C 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 



Name of dye 



vat dyes— continued 



Helindone brown CV vat pdr 

Helindone green B pdr 

Helindone red CR vat pdr. (s. s.) 

Hydron blue RR pdr 

Hvdron printing; blue 3R paste .'.. 

Indigosol06B 

Indigosol blue IBC 

Indigosol brilliant pink 13B 

Indigosol brown IB R 

Indigosol brown IRRD 

Indigosol golden yellow IGK 

Indigosol golden yellow IRK 

Indigosol gray IBL 

Indigosol green AB 

Indigosol olive green IB 

Indigosol pink IR 

Indigosol printing black IB 

Indigosol printing blue IB 

Indigosol printing blue IGO 

Indigosol printing purple IR 

Indigosol printing violet IBBF 

Indigosol printing violet IRR 

Indigosol red HR 

Indigosol scarlet HB 

Indigosol scarlet IB 

Indigosol yellow IGK 

Indigosol yellow V 

Paradone yellow GC 

Solanthrene blue NCRL 

Solanthrene brilliant violet N3R 

Solanthrene brilliant violet N4R 

Solanthrene brown N2J 

Solanthrene brown NRF 

Solanthrene gray N 

Solanthrene marine blue NJ 

Solanthrene marine blue NR 

Solanthrene navy blue NJ 

Vat black 

Vat blue 3GF pdr 

Vat blue GPZ pdr 

Vat blue RPZ pdr 

Vat blue RZ dbl. paste (s. s.) 

Vat brilliant blue 3G paste, 3G pdr. (s. s.) 

Vat brilliant orange GK paste, GK pdr. (s. s.) . 

Vat brilliant orange GR supraflx 

Vat brilliant pink 3B pdr 

Vat brown 

Vat brown 3GT paste, 3GT pdr. (s. s.) 

Vat brown 3R paste 

Vat direct black RB paste, RB pdr. (s. s.) 

Vat golden yellow RK dbl. paste (s. s.) 

Vat gray 3B paste, 3B pdr. (s. s.) 

Vat gray BG paste, BG pdr. (s. s.) 

Vat gray M paste, M pdr 

Vat gray MO pdr 

Vat green GT paste 

Vat navy blue paste 

Vat navy blue BF pdr 

Vat navy blue R paste, R pdr. (s. s.) 

Vat olive 3G paste 

Vat olive GB dbl. paste (s. s.) 

Vat olive GE dbl. paste (s. s.) 

Vat olive T pdr 

Vat olive green B pdr 

Vat orange F3R paste, F3R pdr. (s. s.) 

Vat orange 4R paste 

Vat orange 7RK paste 

Vat printing black B paste 

Vat printing black BL paste 

Vat printing black BRN supraflx 

Vat printing black TL supraflx 

Vat printing brown GN supraflx 

Vat printing brown R paste 

Vat printing brown 5R supraflx 

Vat printing brown TM supraflx 

Vat printing deep black BD paste 



1 C = Competitive; NC=Noncompetitive. 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



65 



Table 23. — Coal-tar dyes: Detailed statistics of imports into the United States in 
1986 as obtained from invoice analysis — Continued 



Com- 
peti- 
tive 
status i 



C 

C 

NC 

NC 

C 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 

c 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 

NC 



C 
NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
C 
NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 

NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 

NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
C 
NC 
NC 

C 
C 

NC 

C 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 
NC 

C 

C 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 



Name of dye 



vat dyes — continued 



Vat printing yellow 5GK dbl. paste (s. s.)-- - 

Vat red BK paste, BK pdr. (s. s.) - 

Vat red FBB pdr 

Vat red FBBO pdr 

Vat red GG dbl. paste, GG pdr. (s. s.) 

Vat red brown R dbl. paste, R pdr. (s. s.).._ 

Vat red brown RR paste 

Vat red brown 5RF paste, 5RF pdr. (s. s.)._ 

Vat red violet RK paste, RK pdr '. 

Vat scarlet B paste, B pdr. (s. s.) 

Vat scarlet 4G paste ».. 

Vat turquoise blue GK paste 

Vat turquoise blue 3GK pdr 

Vat yellow FFRE paste, FFRK pdr. (s. s.). 

Vat yellow GF paste, GF pdr. (s. s.) 

Vat yellow 3GF dbl. paste, 3GF pdr. (s. s.)- 

Vat yellow 4GK pdr 

Vat yellow 5GK pdr 

Vat yellow 7GK pdr 

Vat yellow 3R paste, 3R pdr. (s.s.) 

Vat yellow 3RT pdr. (s. s.) 

Vulcanosol blue 4G 

Vulcanosol green B 



MORDANT AND CHKOME DYES 



Acid anthracene brown R._ 
Chromazone red new conc_- 
Eriochrome phosphine RE. 

Chrome brown RVV 

Metachrome violet B 

Eriochrome verdon S 

Chromocitronine R 

Chromal blue GC 

Polytrop blue 2B 



Polytrop blue3R_. 

Chromazurol S 

Chrome violet 

Chrome violet CG. 



Chromorhodine BR. 

Chrome blue 

Chromazurine E 

Chromazurine G 



Chromacetin blue S. 

Blue 1900 TCD 

Coreine RR 

Gallazine#90 

Lndochroniine T 

Alizarin black S 

Alizarin red VI 

Alizarin orange A 

Alizarin orange CA. 



Alizarin red S 

Alizarin red SWB. 



Alizarin brown HD 

Alizarin red SX 

Alizarin cyanine RR 

Alizarin cyclamine R 

Alizarin blue S 

Alizarin green S 

Alizarin cyanine green 3G 

Anthraquinone violet 

Alizarin viridine FF 

Alizarin light gray BS 

Alizarin light blue LR 

Acid alizarin gray G 

Acid alizarin red G 

Acid alizarin red GN 

Acid anthracene brown WSG. 

Acid anthracene red 3BL 

Acid chrome blue 3G 



Quantity 



Subtotal Total 



Pounds 



272 
110 



2,037 
143 



198 
1, 155 



6,000 
12, 931 



221 
75 



Pounds 

14,300 

950 

1,700 

3,177 

2,600 

7,550 

250 

7,800 

300 

7,200 

300 

125 

35 

10,611 

14, 050 

21,400 

25 

25 

75 

8,300 

1,250 

20 

290 



50 
11 

5,788 
11 

2, 225 
13, 252 

1,102 



382 
33 

1,675 



2,180 
2,091 
1,001 



1,353 

1,872 

441 

22 

2,093 

220 

10, 000 

5,540 



18, 931 



296 

4,350 

4,300 

50 

11,500 

2,450 

7,360 

1,250 

4,975 

14, 135 

220 

220 

6,000 

50 

25 

3,750 

250 

800 



i c = Competitive; NC=Noncompetitive. 



1 Status changed during the year. 



66 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 23. 



-Coal-tar dyes: Detailed statistics of imports into the United States in 
1936 as obtained from invoice analysis — Continued 



Colour 
Index 
Num- 
ber 



Com- 
peti- 
tive 
status ' 



NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 



Name of dye 



mordant and chrome dyes— continued 



Acid chrome red B 

Alizarin blue green BBS 

Alizarin carmoisine 

Alizarin chrome brown CB 

Alizarin fast gray BBLW 

Alizarin fast light brown GL 

Anthracene brown S 

Azol printing red R 

Brilliant chrome green 3GN 

Brilliant chrome printing red B. 

Brilliant fast cyanine R 

Chromal violet ROX 

Chromazurine DN. 

Chrome brown B 

Chrome deep brown AG 

Chrome fast orange RD. 

Chrome fast phosphine B. 

Chrome fast printing red G 

Chrome fast vesuvine BB 

Chrome fast xanthine 2R 

Chrome green GD 

Chrome leather fast black S 

Chrome luxine yellow 5G 

Chrome printing red B 

Chrome violet ECR 

Chromocitronine 3R 

Chromocitronine V 

Chromogene red BD 

Chromorosamine BB 

Chromoxane brilliant violet 3B__ 
Chromoxane brilliant violet BE. 
Chromoxane brilliant violet SB. 

Chromoxane pure blue BLD 

Chromoxane violet SB 

Colonial blue BB 

Corintron blue B 

Corintron brown BF 

Corintron orange RF 

Corintron violet BF 

< iorintron violet RF 

Corintron yellow RF 

Diamond blue black BR 

Diamond green BW 

Diamond red 3B 

Erio anthracene brown R 

Eriochromal brown G 

Eriochromal gray 5G 

Eriochromo azurol G 

Eriochrome blue 2GK supra 

Eriochrome blue 2GK supra I.._ 



Eriochrome blue S 

Eriochrome blue black G 

Eriochrome brilliant blue BR 

Eriochrome brilliant red BL 

Eriochrome brilliant violet B 

Eriochrome brilliant violet B supra II. 



Eriochrome brown DKL. 

Eriochrome brown G 

Eriochrome brown ST 

Eriochrome brown SWN. 
Eriochrome flavine 2R... 

Eriochrome geranol R 

Eriochrome gray BL 

Eriochrome gray 3BL 

Eriochrome gray 3GL 

Eriochrome green L 

Eriochrome orange 2RL.. 

Eriochrome red 3B 

Eriochrome red G__ _ 

Eriochrome red 6G 

Eriochrome violet 3B 

Eriochrome yellow S 

Eukanol blue ... 

Eukanol red extra. 



Quantity 



Subtotal Total 



Pounds 



Pounds 

1,250 

2,017 

75 

10 

7,500 

375 

11 

625 

44 

11 

110 

11 

990 

8,132 

991 

100 

770 

11 

55 

4,078 

25 

400 

220 

1,265 

11 



275 



10, 527 
55 



1 C = Competitive; NC =Noncompetitive. 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



67 



Table 23. — Coal-tar dyes: Detailed statistics of imports into the United States in 
1986 as obtained from invoice analysis — Continued 



Com- 
peti- 
tive 

status ' 



Name of dye 



Quantity 



Subtotal Total 



NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
C 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 



C 

NC 

C 

NC 
C 

NC 

C 
NC 

C 



mordant and chrome dyes— continued 



Pounds 



Eukanol rubine 

Fast chrome green BN 

Fast mordant blue B 

Gallo fast black 

Gallo navy blue 

Metachrome black blue G 

Metachrome Bordeaux BL 

Metachrome brilliant blue BL. . 
Metachrome brilliant blue 8RL.. 

Metachrome brown 6G 

Metachrome olive BL 

Metachrome olive GG .- 

Metachrome orange 4RL 

Metachrome red 5G 

Metachrome violet RR - 

Modern black N... 

Modern black ND... 

Modern violet O - 

Mordant gray AS 

Naphthochrome azurine B 

Naphthochrome violet R 

Chromoxane brilliant violet RE. 
Eriochrome brilliant violet R... 



18, 630 

75 

1,251 



New chromazurine HB. 

Novochrome black N 

Novochrome blue S 

Novochrome Bordeaux BB 

Novochrome Bordeaux GR 

Novochrome Bordeaux R 

Novochrome brilliant orange RRN. 

Novochrome brilliant violet BA 

Novochrome brilliant violet RA 

Novochrome deep brown AG2N 

Novochrome deep brown DA 

Novochrome deep brown GAW 

Novochrome fast Bordeaux G 

Novochrome fast brown G 

Novochrome fast brown GT 

Novochrome fast brown R 

Novochrome fast brown 3RD 

Novochrome fast orange 3RS 

Novochrome fast pink B 

Novochrome fast red RR 

Novochrome fast scarlet R 

Novochrome green B 

Omega chrome brown G 

Omega chrome brown P 

Omega chrome fast green G 

Omega chrome orange ML 

Radio chrome blue B 

Supranol Bordeaux B 

Supranol brilliant blue G 

Supranol brilliant red B 

Supranol brilliant red 3B 

Supranol brilliant red G 

Supranol orange GSO 

Supranol orange RR 

Supranol red BB 

Supranol red BR 

Supranol scarlet FG 

Ultra orange R 

Visba black B 

Visba black G 



Brilliant geranine B. 
Geranine G 



DIRECT DTES 



750 
200 



Erika GN 

Stanley red 

Thiazinered RXX.... 

Neutral gray G 

Diphenyl brown GS__ 
Benzo fast rubine BL. 
Direct fast red 8BL... 



500 
120 



Pounds 

1,375 

125 

2,250 

25 

25 

2,300 

325 

1,550 

600 

125 

175 

900 

200 

100 

1,500 

1,874 

385 

1,046 

1,264 

2,599 



1 C = Competitive; NC = Noncompetitive. 



gg UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 23. — Coal-tar dyes: Detailed statistics of imports into the United States in 
1936 as obtained from invoice analysis — Continued 



Colour 


Com- 


Index 


peti- 


Num- 


tive 


ber 


status * 


319 


NC 


319 


C 


319 


C 


319 


C 


321 


C 


325 


C 


325 


C 


326 


NC 


326 


C 


327 


c 


349 


NC 


357 


NC 


368 


NC 


369 


NC 


377 


NC 


387 


NC 


403 


NC 


403 


NC 


409 


C» 


409 


c 


420 


c 


425 


NC 


427 


NC 


436 


C 


440 


NC 


446 


C 


448 


c 


449 


NC 


459 


NC 


466 


NC 


472 


NC 


488 


NC 


508 


C 


508 


c 


511 


NC 


532 


NC 


542 


NC 


561 


C 


561 


c 


590 


C 2 


596 


NC 


597 


NC 


597 


NC 


606 


NC 


621 


NC 


621 


NC 


622 


NC 


626 


NC 


628 


NC 


629 


NC 


653 


C 


653 


c 


710 


NC 


710 


NC 


812 


C 


813 


C ' 


814 


c 


873 


NC 


873 


NC 




C> 




NC 




NC 




NC 



Name of dye 



Quantity 



Subtotal Total 



direct dyes— continued 



Brilliant fast blue 3BX 

Chloramine brilliant fast violet 3B. 

Direct fast violet BL 

Direct light violet 2R_ 



Diamine fast scarlet GO.. 
Brilliant benzo violet B... 
Diazol brilliant violet NB. 



Benzo fast scarlet 5BL. 
Benzo fast scarlet 5BS-. 



Benzo fast scarlet 4BS— 
Benzo fast yellow 4GL.. 

Brilliant carmine L 

Ignamine orange 3G 

Ignamine orange RR 

Congo orange G 

Direct brilliant violet R. 
Chlorantine fast gray B. 
Diphenyl fast gray BC. 



Benzo brown SZ__ 
Diamine orange B. 



Diphenyl brown BVVC. 

Minaxo red 3BX 

Direct gray R 

Chloramine red 8BS 

Ignamine orange R 

Direct orange R 

Cotton red 4BFX.. 

Diazo brilliant black B.. 

Diamine orange F 

Benzo new blue 5B 

Benzo blue BX 

Diamine yellow N 

Dianil blue G 

Minaxo blue 4BX 



Diamine brilliant blue G 

Diazo fast green BL 

Para olive G 

Direct chloramine brown FS_-_ 
Naphthamine fast brown NZR. 



Polyphenyl blue GC 

Benzo chrome brown G. 
Benzo chrome brown R. 
Cupranil brown R 



Dianil yellow 5G 

Chloramine orange G.. 
Direct fast orange 2RL. 



Stilbene yellow 3GX 

Diphenyl orange RR 

Diphenyl catechine G 

Diphenyl fast brown GF... 
Direct chloramine orange J- 
Pyrazol orange G 



Brilliant sky blue 8G extra- 
Direct brilliant blue 8B 



Primuline 

Mimoza Z 

Diphenyl chlorine yellow FF. 

Direct gray B 

Direct gray J 



Benzo chrome black blue B. 
Chlorazol steel blue 6BS 



Benzo chrome brown B. 
Benzo dark brown 



Pounds 
150 

507 



2,750 
210 



200 
1,875 



9,039 
522 



3,950 
2,700 



50 
100 



2,464 
3.300 



1, 850 
2,533 



250 
220 



11 
10, 041 



19, 950 
110 



29, 875 
1,600 



1 C = Competitive; NC=Noncompetitive. 



2 Status changed during the year. 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



69 



Table 23. — Coal-tar dyes: Detailed statistics of imports into the United States in 
1936 as obtained from invoice analysis — Continued 



Colour 
Index 
Num- 
ber 



Com- 
peti- 
tive 
status i 



Name of dye 



Quantity 



Subtotal Total 



C 

NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
C 
NC 
NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 
NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 



dikect dyes— continued 

Benzo fast black L 

Benzo fast blue 8GL ^ 

Benzo fast Bordeaux 6BL 

Benzo fast brown RL 

Trisulphon fast brown BL 



Pounds 



Benzo 
Benzo 
Benzo 
Benzo 
Benzo 
Benzo 
Benzo 
Benzo 
Benzo 
Benzo 
Benzo 
Benzo 
Benzo 
Benzo 
Benzo 
Benzo 
Benzo 
Benzo 
Direct 



fast copper blue GL 

fast copper brown 3GL— 

fast copper red RL 

fast copper violet BBL.. 
fast copper violet 3RL... 
fast copper yellow GGL_ 
fast copper yellow RL.._ 

fast eosine BL 

fast gray B 

fast gray BL 

fast heliotrope 4BL 

fast heliotrope 5RH 

fast light scarlet 4BL 

fast orange RRL 

fast red 6BL 

fast scarlet 3BS 

fast scarlet GGL 

rhoduline red 3B 

fast red 3B 



Benzoform blue BBL 

Benzoform brown 4R 

Benzoform green FFL 

Benzoform orange G 

Benzoform red GGF 

Benzoform scarlet B 

Benzoform yellow GL 

Brilliant alizarin light red B 

Brilliant benzo fast green GL... 

Brilliant benzo green B 

Brilliant benzo violet BBH 

Brilliant benzo violet RR 

Brilliant congo blue BFL. 

Brilliant congo blue 5R 

Brilliant congo violet R 

Brilliant copper blue GW 

Brilliant green GR 

Brilliant sky blue RRM 

Chicago red III 

Chloramine brown 2R 

Chloramine copper blue 3G 

Chloramine fast brown No 12... 

Chloramine fast brown R 

Chloramine fast orange 2G 

Chloramine fast orange 2RN 

Chloramine fast orange RS 

Chloramine fast scarlet GFL 

Chloramine fast yellow 2R 

Chloramine light gray B 

Chloramine light gray R 

Chloramine light violet R 

Chloramine purple 10BC 

Chloramine violet FFB 

Chlorantine fast blue 8GL 

Chlorantine fast blue 10GL 

Chlorantine fast blue 3GLL 

Chlorantine fast Bordeaux 2BL. 
Chloramine fast Bordeaux 2BL. 



Chlorantine fast Bordeaux BLN_ 

Chlorantine fast brown BRL 

Fastusol brown LBRL 



Chlorantine fast brown 5GL__ 
Chlorantine fast brown SGLL. 
Chlorantine fast brown 4RL.. 
Chloramine fast brown 2R 



20, 750 
3,395 



3,525 
3,748 



36, 377 
3,196 



92, 264 
1,000 



6,018 
1.754 



Pounds 
2,200 
3,754 
1,650 



1 C = Competitive; NC=Noncompetitive. 



70 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 23. — Coal-tar dyes: Detailed statistics of imports into the United States in 
1936 as obtained from invoice analysis — Continued 



Com- 
peti- 
tive 

status i 



Name of dye 



Quantity 



Subtotal 



direct dyes— continued 



Chlorantine fast brown 8RL_ 
Chlorantine fast gray 2BLL_. 
Chlorantine fast gray 4BLL.. 

Chlorantine fast green B 

Fastusol green LBL 



N'C 
NC ' 
NC 
NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 

NC » 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

C 

Vi- 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
C 
C 

NC 

NC 
NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 
C 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

C» 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

1 C = Competitive; NC=Noncompetitive. 



Chlorantine fast green CLL 

Chlorantine fast green 5GLL 

Chlorantine fast orange 2RL. ... 
Chlorantine fast orange T4RLL. 
Chlorantine fast orange T5RLL. 

Chlorantine fast red 6BL 

Chlorantine fast red 5GL 

Chlorantine fast rubine RNLL.. 
Chlorantine fast scarlet BNLL.. 

Chlorantine fast violet 5BL 

Chlorantine fast violet RL 

Chlorantine fast violet 2RL 

Chlorazol drab RHS 

Chlorazol fast orange AGS 

Chlorazol fast orange GS 

Chlorazol yellow 6GS... 

Columbia catechine G 

Cotton black A4G... 

Cupranil brown 3G 

Developed black D 

Developed fast violet 3RL 

Developed geranine B 

Developing black ED 

Diamine brilliant rubine S 

Diamine brilliant scarlet S 

Diamine catechine B 

Diamine catechine G 

Diamine fast brown GB 

Diamine fast brown GF. 

Diamine fast orange EG 

Diamine gray G 

Diazamine fast purpurine.. 

Diazanil scarlet 3BA 

Diazo brilliant blue BBLA 

Diazo brilliant green 6G 

Diazo brilliant orange DG 

Diazo brilliant orange 5G 

Diazo brilliant scarlet B 

Diazo brilliant scarlet 6B 

Diazo brilliant scarlet G 

Diazo brilliant scarlet 3G 

Diazo brilliant scarlet S4BN 

Diazo brown BWA 

Diazo brown G 

Diazo brown 3G 

Diazo brown 6G__ 

Diazo brown 2GWA 

Diazo brown 3R 

Diazo brown 5R 

Diazo brown RWA 

Diazo brown 3RWA 

Diazo fast blue 6GW 

Diazo fast Bordeaux BL 

Diazo fast green GFL 

Diazo fast red 7BL 

Diazo fast violet BD 

Diazo fast violet 3RD 

Diazo fast violet 3RL 

Diazo fast yellow 3G 

Diazo fast yellow 3GL 

Diazo geranine B 

Diazo green 3G 

Diazo sky blue 3G 

Diazo violet BLD 

Diazol chrome blue NR 

Diphenyl brilliant violet 3B 

Diphenyl brown BBNC 

Diphenyl catechine R 

Diphenyl fast blue BL 

Diphenyl fast blue green BL 



Pounds 



39, 244 
3, 425 



2 Status changed during the year. 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



71 



Table 23. — Coal-tar dyes: Detailed statistics of imports into the United States in 
1936 as obtained from invoice analysis — Continued 



Colour Corn- 
Index | peti- 
Num- 1 tive 
ber status 1 



Name of dye 



Quantity 



Subtotal Total 



direct dyes— continued 



NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
C 

c 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 

C 

c 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 

C 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 
NC 
NC 

C 



Diphenyl fast Bordeaux BC._ 

Diphenyl fast Bordeaux Q 

Diphenyl fast bronze BU 

Diphenyl fast bronze GL 

Diphenyl fast brown 

Diphenyl fast brown 3BL 

Diphenyl fast brown GNC 

Diphenyl fast gray 3BL 

Diphenyl fast gray GL 

Diphenyl fast gray RL 

Diphenyl fast yellow GL 

Diphenyl green FF 

Diphenyl green KGW 

Direct black J 

Direct blue GW 

Direct brilliant blue 6BR 

Direct brilliant pink G 

Direct catechine G 

Direct catechine N 

Direct catechine NO 

Direct cutch brown BS 

Direct cutch brown GR 

Direct light blue BV - 

Direct steel blue 

Fast cotton blue FFG 

Fast cotton corinth B 

Fast cotton rubine 3B 

Fast cotton rubine 5B 

Fast silk skv blue 6G 

Fastusol black VE 

Fastusol blue LFFGL. 

Fastusol blue LFFRL 

Fastusol blue LF3GL 

Fastusol blue LF3RL 

Fastusol blue LGL 

Fastusol blue L3R 

Fastusol gray LGG 

Fastusol gray LVGL 

Fastusol green LBB 

Fastusol orange F3G 

Fastusol orange LGG 

Fastusol red L5B 

Fastusol red violet LBBL 

Fastusol red violet LRL 

Fastusol rubine LBB 

Fastusol violet LBL 

Fastusol violet LFFR 

Formal fast black G 

Formal fast blue B 

Minaxo brilliant red B 

Minaxo light pink BBX 

Naphthazol direct orange NE. 

Naphthazol direct red NB 

Naphthazol direct scarlet NJ.. 

New claret RX 

Para brown OK 

Para brown RK 

Para orange G 

Para yellow R_- 

Para yellow RL 

Paradiazol brown NBD 

Paradiazol green NB 

Para mode brown NTD 

Parasulphon brown G 

Pluto black RB 

Pluto brown GG 

Polypheny] black SO 

Polypheny! orange RC 

Pyrazol fast brown RS_ 

Pyrazol fast brown 2RS 

Rosanthrene 3BN 

Rosanthrene R 

Rosanthrene RN 

Rosanthrene Bordeaux B 

Rosanthrene brilliant orange 4R. 



Pounds 



Pounds 
1,677 
1,043 
1, 102 



C = Competitive; NC = Noncompstitive. J Status changed during the year. 



72 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 23. — Coal-tar dyes: Detailed statistics of imports into the United States in 
1936 as obtained from invoice analysis — Continued 



Com- 
peti- 
tive 
status ' 



Name of dye 



Quantity 



Subtotal Total 



NC 
NC 

xc 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
XC 
NC 
NC 
NC 



NC 

NC 

NC 

XC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 



C 
NC 
NC 

C 
NC 

C 

c 

NC 

C 

NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 

NC 
NC 



direct dyes— continued 



Pounds 



Rosanthrene brilliant red BR 

Rosanthrene fast Bordeaux 2BL. 
Diazamine light Bordeaux N2B. 



Rosanthrene fast green BG 

Rosanthrene fast green BLL.. 

Rosanthrene fast red 7BL 

Rosanthrene fast yellow GLL. 

Rosanthrene orange R 

Rosanthrene rosa 

Rosanthrene violet 5R 

Sky blue N — 

Tetramine brilliant violet RR. 

Toluylene fast brown 3G 

Toluylene fast brown RR 

Toluylene fast orange GL 

Toluylene yellow G 

Toluylene yellow RL 

Triantin light red 4B _-. 

Trisulfon bronze BG 

Union blue3R 

Vermillion 

Vulcan Bordeaux BL 

Vulcan fast orange GG 

Vulcan fast red B 

Vulcan fast red G 

Vulcan fast yellow 5G 

Vulcan fast yellow GR 

Vulcan fast yellow R 

Zambezi black F 

Zambezi orange R— 



22,487 
2,666 



RAPID FAST DYES 

Rapid fast blue B 

Rapid fast Bordeaux IB 

Rapid fast brownlRH 

Rapid fast red BI 

Rapid fast red IRH 

Rapid fast scarlet REL__ 

Rapidogen Bordeaux IB 

Rapidogen Bordeaux R 

Rapidogen brown IRR 

Rapidogen corinth IB 

Rapidogen corinth R 

Rapidogen golden orange IG G 

Rapidogen green B 

Rapidogen olive brown IG 

Rapidogen orange IRR 

Rapidogen red IGG 

Rapidogen red ITR 

Rapidogen red violet RR 

Rapidogen scarlet IL 

Rapidogen violet B 

Rapidogen yellow I3G 



ARTIFICIAL SILK DYES 

Acetate yellow 

Acetoquinone black NBI 

Acetoquinone black NBN 

Acetoquinone blue N_ 

Acetoquinone blue N2R 

Acetoquinone gooseberry N 

Acetoquinone heliotrope N 

Acetoquinone navy blue XJ 

Acetoquinone orange NR 

Acetoquinone scarlet NR 

Art silk black R 

Artificial silk blue G 

Artificial silk blue R 

Artisil direct blue BRP 

Artisil direct blue 2G 

Cibacete blue green B 



Artisil direct blue SAP 

Artisil direct discharge blue 3G. 
Artisil direct orange 2R 



551 
440 



i C = Competitive; NC =Noncompetitive. 



Status changed during the year. 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



73 



Table 23. — Coal-tar dyes: Detailed statistics of imports into the United States in 
1936 as obtained from invoice analysis — Continued 



Com- 
peti- 
tive 

status ' 



Name of dye 



Quantity- 



Subtotal Total 



artificial silk dyes— continued 



Artisil direct orange 3RP. 
Artisil direct orange 4RP. 
Artisil direct red BP 

Artisil direct red 3BP 

Artisil direct scarlet GP... 
Setacyl direct scarlet EN. 



Pounds 



C 
C 

NC 

C 

NC 

NC 

C 

c 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 
NC 

C 

c 

NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
C 
NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 

C 

C 

NC 

NC 

C2 

NC 
NC 

C 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 

c 

c 

NC 

c 

NC 

c 
c 
c 

c 

NC 

NC 

NC 

NC 

C 

c 

1 C= Competitive; NC=Noncompetitive. 



20, 205 
827 



Artisil direct violet BP 

Artisil direct violet 2RP 

Artisil direct yellow 3GP 

Benzo viscose blue BB 

Benzo viscose blue 3GFL 

Cellit brown R 

Cellit fast red B 

Cellit fast red BB 

Celliton blue 3G 

Celliton brilliant green 3G_. 
Celliton brilliant yellow FF. 
Celliton discharge blue 5G.. 
Celliton discharge blue 3R__ 

Celliton fast black GN 

Celliton fast blue B 

Celliton fast blue BF 

Celliton fast blue FFG- 

Celliton fast blue FR 

Celliton fast blue R 

Celliton fast blue green B._. 

Celliton fast brown BT 

Celliton fast brown 3R 

Celliton fast brown 5R. 

Celliton fast green 5B 

Celliton fast navy blue B 

Celliton fast navy blue BF.. 

Celliton fast pink F3B 

Celliton fast pink RF 

Celliton fast red GG 

Celliton fast rubine 3B 

Setacyl direct rubine B 



Celliton fast scarlet R 

Celliton fast violet B 

Celliton fast yellow G 

Acetoquinone yellow N4J. 



4,150 
250 



1,000 
110 



Celliton fast yellow GGN 

Celliton fast yellow GR 

Celliton fast yellow 5R 

Celliton red R 

Celliton violet R 

Celliton yellow 3G 

Celliton yellow 3GN 

Cetol blue green B 

Cetol printing blue green 

Cibacete black BN green shade pdr 

Cibacete black DGN 

Cibacete black TBN 

Cibacete blue 5G 

Cibacete discharge blue 3G 

Cibacete navy blue BN green shade pdr. 

Cibacete orange 2R 

Cibacete red 3B 

Cibacete sapphire blue G 

Cibacete scarlet BR 

Cibacete scarlet G 

Cibacete violet B 

Cibacete violet 2R 

Cibacete yellow GGR 

Cibacete yellow GN 

Cibacete yellow R 

Derma brown G 

Derma brown R 

Dermacarbon B 

Dispersol diazo blue N 

Dispersol fast red A 

Dispersol fast yellow A 



Pounds 

485 

927 

17, 383 

2,535 



21, 032 

2,149 

1,014 

2,366 

25 

1,650 

60 

75 

125 

207 

35 

20 

25 

25 

150 

2,000 

250 

10 

1,300 

25 

31,250 

1,800 

2,050 

150 

37 

1,250 

125 

250 

225 

50 



4,400 

50 

450 



1,110 

50 

700 

310 

750 

4,200 

75 

10, 150 

28 

24 

2,954 

1,697 

55 

77 

275 

18, 320 

1,762 

5,093 

331 

220 

1,587 

529 

2,294 

55 

2,866 

550 

1,508 

1,344 

2,028 

860 

240 

240 



* Status changed during the year. 



74 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 23. — Coal-tar dyes: Detailed statistics of imports into the United States in 
1986 as obtained from invoice analysis — Continued 



Colour 
Index 

Num- 
ber 



Com- 
peti- 
tive 
status ' 



Name of dye 



Quantity 



Subtotal Total 



133 
134 
135 

] 35 



331 
536 
656 
658 
661 
662 
663 
663 

677 
678 
680 
680 

681 
706 
706 
706 



NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 

NC 
NC 

C 

c 
c 

NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 



NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 
NC 

C 

c 

NC 

C 
C 
C 
C 

C 
C 

NC 
NC 



artificial silk DYES— continued 



Dispersol vellow 3G 

Fast jet black 2BRE. 

Icyl blue GS 

Icyl brown GS 

Icyl orange RS 

Igenal blue black CB 

Liquid black N 

Polyacetyl Bordeaux RN 

Polyacetyl brown ON.. 

Polyacetyl gray NN 

Polyacetyl green D_. 

Polyacetyl orange 2RN 

Polyacetyl pure blue GN 

Polyacetyl red BR... 

Polyacetyl yellow 2R 

Polyacetvl colors, other 

Rigan blue2R 

Rigan blue 5R... 

Rigan sky blue G 

Setacyl brilliant pink G 

Setacvl direct black B 

Setacyl direct blue BS 

Setacyl direct blue G new supra I. 

Setacyl direct blue LS 

Cibacete blue B 



Pounds 



Pounds 



220 
55 



Setacyl direct blue RS cone 

Setacyl direct blue green BS 

Setacyl direct discharge blue 2R. 

Setacyl direct red BN 

Setacyl direct scarlet 2GN 

Setacyl direct scarlet SG 

Setacyl direct violet B — 

Setacyl direct violet 2R. 

Setacyl direct yellow 3G 

Setacyl direct yellow 5G 

Setacyl direct yellow RN.. 

Solacet fast crimson BS.. 

Solacet fast red 3RS 

Solacet fast rubine 3BS 

Solacet fast scarlet BS. 

Solacet fast violet 4RS 

Visco blue E 

Visco blue G 

Visco copper blue EG 

Viscolan fast brown SR 

Viscose blue G 



Green JB 

Black JI 

BlueJG 

Safranine blue R. 



BASIC DYES 



225 
11 



Yellow JG 

RedJB 

B ismarck brown 

Brown JR 

Auramine G 

Setoglaucine cone 

Turquoise blue G 

Brilliant green crystals. 

Setocyanine 

Setopaline 



761 
1,666 



Magenta AB.._ 

Magenta A 

Methyl violet NFB. 
Methyl violet base. . 



Crystal violet 

Ink blue H 

Methyl Lyons blue. 
Pure blue cone. 



11 

8,288 

100 



C = Competitive; NC = Xoncompetitive. 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



75 



Table 23. — Coal-tar dyes: Detailed statistics of imports into the United States in 
1936 as obtained from invoice analysis — Continued 



Com- 
peti- 
tive 
status i 



NC 
C 
C 

NC 
C» 

NC 
NC 
C 
NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
C 

c 

NC 
NC 
NC 

C 

NC 
C 

C 2 

NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 



NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 



Name of dye 



Victoria blue R. 
Basic blue B — 
Victoria blue B_ 



basic dyes— continued 



Night blue 

Rhodamine B extra (s. s.)- 

Rhodamine 3B 

Auracine G 

Phosphine orange 

Patent phosphine M_ 

Patent phosphine R 



Phosphine 3R 

Flavophosphine G 

Runic AL 

Basic yellow T 

Basic yellow TCN__ 

Basic methyl yellow TCN. 



Rosolane 

Diphene blue B_ 
Diphene blue R_ 



Quantity 



Subtotal Total 



Pounds 



850 
685 



660 
165 



1,350 

3,400 

55 



Methylene blue DF 

Toluidine blue 

Thionine blue GO 

New methylene blue N_ 
Acridine brown ONL__. 
Acridine red brown 0... 

Astra cyanine B 

Astra phloxine FF 

RhodineFF 



1. 650 
250 



Pounds 
430 



675 
22 



Astra violet F F extra 

Astra violet FFD 

Auramine NJ 

Brilliant rhoduline blue R . 

Copying black SK 

Diazine black G 

Japan black MBG 

Leather brown ET 

Leather brown 5RTX..._. 

Methyl green 23 S 

Methylene blue 3G 

Rhoduline heliotrope B . . . 

Rhoduline sky blue 3G 

Straw blue G 



Brilliant indocarbon CLB... 

Immedial brown W 

Immedial chrome blue 5G__. 

Immedial direct blue RL 

Immedial new blue BL 

Immedial new blue FBL 

Immedial new blue 3GL 

Immedial red brown CL3R. 

Immedial violet BB 

Immedial violet C 

Immedial violet 3R 

Indocarbon IB 

Indocarbon SN 

Indocarbon SNR 

Pyrogene brown G 

Pyrogene pure blue 3GL 

Pyrogene pure blue 2RL 

Sulphide violet V 

Sulphur blue A5 

Thional red brown 5R 



SULFUR DYES 



COLOR LAKE AND SPIRIT SOLUBLE DYES 

Alizarin irisol 

Alizarin light violet RS 

Brilliant alizarin light red 4B 

Brilliant lake blue BG 

Cerol red NB 



NC 
NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 

1 C = Competitive; NC=Noncompetitive. 

14800—38 6 



! Status changed during the year. 



76 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 23.- 



-Coal-tar dyes: Detailed statistics of imports into the United Stales in 
1936 as obtained from invoice analysis — Continued 



Colour 
Index 
Num- 
ber 



Com- 
peti- 
tive 
status l 



Name of dye 



Quantity 



Subtotal Total 



COLOR LAKE AND SPIRIT SOLUBLE DYES— Continued 



Cerol red NF2B 

Cerol scarlet N4J 

Cerol yellow NJL 

Chrysoine organol 

Dyes for cellulose lacquers: 

Red B 

Sapphire blue G 

Yellow 3R 

All other 



NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

NC 

C 

NC 

NC 

C 

NC 

C 

NC 
NC 

C 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 

C 
NC 
C 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 

C 

C 
NC 
NC 
NC 

1 C = Competitive; NC=Noncompetitive. 



Pounds 



Fast organol green J 

Fast organol green V 

Fast organol violet B 

Fast organol violet 2R 

Fat blueZ 

Fluorol 5G 

Frobena brown RLN 

Frobena red G 

Frobena yellow G 

Gasoline blue No. 2 

Grasol blue BS 

Grasol blue G 

Grasol blue 2GS 

Grasol blue R 

Grasol blue green BS 

Grasol fast black G 

Grasol fast yellow RN 

Grasol orange 2R 

Grasol pink 3B 

Grasol red B 

Grasol red GBN 

Grasol rubine B 

Grasol scarlet RN.. 

Grasol violet B 

Grasol violet 2G 

Grasol violet R 

Grasol yellow 2G 

Grasol yellow 3G 

Grasol yellow R 

Grasol yellow 2R 

Green yellow soap color... 

Hansa green GS 

Hansa orange 2G 

Hansa yellow 

Hansa yellow 5G 

Hansa yellow GR 

Helio Bordeaux BL 

Helio fast rubine 3BL 

Helio fast rubine 6BL 

Helio fast rubine FF 

Helio fast rubine RL 

Helio fast violet AL 

Helio red RMT 

Irganitron dyes 

Onis 3B 

OnisBN 

Onis5BN 

Organol black B 

Organol black NN 

Organol red P 

Paper fast Bordeaux B 

Permament orange G 

Permanent red F4RH 

Permanent red FRL 

Pigment deep black extra. 

Pigment lake red LC 

Rosaniline blue organol 

Rose soap color 

Spirit fast red B 

Spirit fast red 3B 

Spirit fast red 5B 

Stone fast yellow G 

Stone fast yellow GGR... 

Sudan black BT 

Sudan black RT.. 

Sudan brown 3G 



33fi 

4 

502 

12 



> Status changed^during the year. 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



77 



Table 23. — Coal-tar dyes: Detailed statistics of imports into the United Slates in 
1936 as obtained from invoice analysis — Continued 



Colour 
Index 
Num- 
ber 



Com- 
peti- 
tive 
status ' 



Name of dye 



Quantity 



Subtotal Total 



COLOR LAKE AND SPIRIT SOLUBLE DYES— Continued 



NC 
NC 
NC 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
C 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 



Sudan brown RRN 

Sudan red B 

Sudan red 7B 

Sudan red G 

Sudan red GG 

Sudan red R 

Sudan yellow GR 

Sudan yellow GRN 

Wasoline blue BS 

Zapon fast black M 

Zapon fast blue 3G 

Zapon fast brilliant red B. 

Zapon fast green GG 

Zapon fast orange G 

Zapon fast orange RR 

Zapon fast red BB 

Zapon fast red 3B 

Zapon fast red CB 

Zapon fast scarlet CG 

Zapon fast scarlet CR 

Zapon fast violet CRR 

Zapon fast violet RR 

Zepon fast yellow CGG... 
Zapon fast yellow GR 



Pounds 



MISCELLANEOUS UNCLASSIFIED DYES 



Various samples, etc. 
Total dyes: 

Quantity 

Value 



Pounds 

500 

75 

1,675 

50 

325 

250 

50 

625 

10 

300 

125 

125 

375 

2,825 

1,175 

25 

25 

625 

225 

400 

3 

25 

1,200 

3,050 



591 



3,518,831 
$5, 150, 840 



> C = Competitive; NC 
Table 24 



= Noncompetitive. 



Coal-tar aromatic chemicals: Detailed statistics of imports into the 
United States in 1936, as obtained from invoice analysis 



Com- 
petitive 

status i 



Name of chemical 



NC 2 Acetanisoi 

NC Aldehyde C 22 

C Amyl cinnamic aldehyde.. 

C Amyl phenylacetate 

C Amyl salicylate 

C Anisic aldehyde 

C Benzalacetone 

C Benzyl acetate 

C Benzyl alcohol 

C Benzyl benzoate 

C Benzyl butyrate 

C Benzyl cinnamate.... 

C Benzyl formate 1 

C Benzyl isoeugenol 

C Benzyl propionate 

C Benzyl salicylate 

NC Bromstyrol 

NC Butyl salicylate 

NC 2 CetoneV 

C Cinnamic alcohol 

C Cinnamy 1 acetate 

C Cinnamyl isobutyrate 

C Cinnamyl propionate 

C Coumarin 

C p-C resol methyl ester 

C p-Cresol methyl ether 

C p-Cresyl acetate 

C p-Cresyl phenylacetate 

C Diethyl phthalate.-.. 

1 C = Competitive; NC = Noncompetitive. 

2 Duty based on foreign value. 

3 Status changed during the year. 



Quan- 
tity 


Com- 
petitive 
status i 


Pounds 




15 


NC 


6 


NC 


412 




18 


NC 


566 


NC 


253 




50 


C 


2,014 


c 


25 


c 


50 




31 


NC 


64 


NC 


71 


C 


128 


C 


192 


NC 2 


215 


C 


1,070 


NC 


50 


C 


i 


C 


1,338 


NC 


29 


C 


6 


NC 


7 


C 


1, 746 


c 


25 


c 


30 


c 


50 


c 


19 


c 


23 


c 



Name of chemical 



Dimethyl acetal amyl cinnami,c_ 
Dimethyl acetal hydroxycit- 

ronellal 

Dimethyl benzyl carbinol 

Dimethyl benzyl carbinyl ace- 
tate 

Diphenyl oxide 

Ethyl cinnamate 

Ethyl mcthylphenyl glycidate 

(Aldehyde C 16) 

Ethyl salicylate 

Floranol 

Flosal 

Floxine 

Geranyl benzoate 

Heliotropine ... 

Indol 

Isobutyl salicylate 

Isoeugenol 

Isoeugenol phenylacetate 

Jacinth 

Jasminium 

Methyl anthranilate 

Methyl benzoate 

Methyl cinnamate 

Methyl methyl anthranilate 

Methyl naphthyl ketone... 

Methylphenyl acetate 

Methylphenyl carbinol 



Quan- 
tity 



Pounds 
5 

4 
25 

38 
11 
17 

149 

13 

150 

25 

10 

10 

4,513 

433 

25 

309 

4 

8 

20 

751 

680 

217 

29 

1,195 

10 

4 



78 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 24. — Coal-tar aromatic chemicals: Detailed statistics of imports into the 
United States in 1936, as obtained from invoice analysis — Continued 



Com- 
petitive 
status i 


Name of chemical 


Quan- 
tity 


Com- 
petitive 
status i 


Name of chemical 


Quan- 
tity 


C 
C 

c 


Methylphenyl carbinol acetate.. 
Methylphenyl carbinol alcohol.. 
Musk C 


Pounds 

466 

53 

36 

20 

3,198 

55 

552 

10, 080 

20 

611 

200 

176 

196 

222 
15 

735 
18 
17 


NC 
C . 
C 
C 

NC ' 
NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 2 
NC 2 
C 

c 

NC 
NC» 


Phenylethyl isobutyrate 

Phenylethyl phenylacetate . 


Pounds 

59 

7 

12 


c 


MuskK... 




52 


c 




Phenylpropyl alcohol 


222 


c 




54 


c 






79 


c 




Rosamen 

Skatol ..'. 


20 


c 
c 


Muskam brene 

Nerolin 


2 
40 


NC 


VanillaL. ... . . 

Vanillin 


14 


c 




208 


c 




100 


NC » 


Phenylacetic aldehyde of di- 
methylacetal 




29 




All other 


42 


c 


Total - 

Quantity _ ... 




c 






c 




34, 772 
$57, 125 


c 


Phenvlethyl formate ... 









1 C=competitive; NC=noncompetitive. 



2 Duty based on foreign value. 



Table 25.— Coal-tar medicinals and 'pharmaceuticals: Detailed statistics of imports 
into the United States in 1936, as obtained from invoice analysis 



Com- 
petitive 
status ' 



Name of chemical 



Quantity 



NC 2 
C 

NC » 
NC 
NC 
NC 
C 

c 
c 

NC 

c 

NC J 
NC 

C 

C 

NC 2 
NC 2 
NC 2 

C 

NC 
NC 
NC 
NC 
C 

c 
c 

NC 2 

NC 2 

NC 2 

NC 

C 

NC 
NC 2 
NC 2 

NC 
NC 2 

NC 2 
NC 2 
NC 



Aceto-acetic acid derivative . 

Acetyl-p-amino salol 

Acetyl salicylic acid ( Aspro) . 
Acridine. 



Adrenalin . 

Ambriol 

p-Aminobenzoyl-diethyl-amino ethanol hydrochloride (Neocaine) (Scuro- 
caine). 



p-Aminophenol hydrochloride 

Anisic acid 

Antimony (III) pyrocatechol-disulfonate sodium. 
Argeol. 



Arylamino carbinol solution 

Asthma capsules "IT A" 

Benzaldehyde 

Benzoic acid 

Benzoylamino benzene sulfamide 

Benzyl ephedrine hydrochloride 

Bismuth benzoate . 

Bismuth subsalicylate 

Bismuth tribromphenate 

Butylamino-benzoyl-dimethylaminoethanol hydrochloride 

Butylhydroxycinchoninic acid diethylethylene diamine base 

Butyl hydroxy cinchoninic acid diethylethylenediamine hydrochloride. 

Carbaminic acid ester of p-oxyphenylmethane 

Carvacrol (isopropyl-o-cresol) . 

Chinisol. 



Cinchophen (phenyl cinchoninic acid USP) 

Cinnamyl ephedrine hydrochloride 

Colchicine salicylate 

C ra t aegon crystals 

Cuminic aldehyde 

Diaminophenol hydrochloride (Amidol) 

Dichlor-sulfamino sodium benzoate 

3-Diethylamino-2:2-dimethylpropanol ester of p-nitrobenzoic acid 

n-Diethyl-leucinol ester of p-aminobenzoic acid 

Diiodofluorescein 

Diiodpyridon-acetate of diethanolamine and diiodpyridon-acetate of diethyl- 
amine. 



Dimetbylamino antipyrine camphoric acid 

m-Dimethyl aminophenyl ester of dimethyl carbamic acid. 

Dimethylcarbamic ester of m-oxyphenyl-trimethylammonium bromide . 



1 C = competitive; NC = noncompetitive. 

2 Duty based on foreign value. 

3 Status changed during the year. 



Pounds 
22 
25 
39 



15 

58 

50 

33 

223 

244 

23 

15 

2. 601 

201 

198 

66 

1 

82 

300 

11 

559 

43 

11,024 

110 

1,600 

337 



50 



1,168 

276 

6 

2 

10 
11 
11 
2 



Ounces 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



79 



Table 25. — Coal-tar medicinals and pharmaceuticals: Detailed statistics of imports 
into the United States in 1936, as obtained from invoice analysis — Continued 



Name of chemical 



Quantity 



Dimethylcarbamic ester of m-oxyphenyl-trimethyl ammonium methyl sul- 
fate --- - 

DimoL 



3:5-Dinitro benzoyl ester of ergosterol _ 

Diphenylacetyldiethylamino-ethanol ester hydrochloride. 

Disinfectant medication... 

Euphthalmine hydrochloride 

Fluorescein 

Gardenal. 



Glycero guaiacol ether.. 

Glycin 

Glycolic acid 

Hexamethylenetet ramine sulfosalicylic acid 

Homatropine hydrobromide 

Homatropine hydrochloride 

Isobutyl quinoline 

Kamillosept 

Laevo-glaucosan 

Leningallol 

Mercury salicyl allylamino-o-acetate, sodium salt 

Methane sulfonate of alkylamino alkylamino acridine (Atabaine). 

2-Methoxy-6:9-diamino acridine 

2-Methoxy-6:9-dichloracridin 

p-Methyl hydrotropic aldehyde 

Methyl-p-hydroxy benzoate 

Methylene blue. 

Methylglycol phenetidin 

Methylphenyl cinchoninic acid 

b-Naphthol benzoate 

Neoarsphenamine 

Neostam 

Neptal. 

Nirvanol 

Novatol. 



Pounds 

1 

51 

5 

166 

160 

9 

5 

1 

441 

50 

297 



p-Oxy-m-acetyl-amino-arsinic ethanol amine acid 

b-Oxynaphthyl-o-oxymethyl toluylie acid (Epicarin). 

Perphyllon 

Phenacetol 

Phenyl-dihydro-quinazolin tannate 

Reumil 3 



Soamin 

Sodium salicylate USP... 

Solu-Salversan 

4-Sulfoamino-2:4-diamino-azobenzene 

m-Sulfoamino methyl phenyl pyrazolon 

p-Sulfoamino-phenylazo-7-acetylamino-l-oxyiiaphthalene-3:6-sodium 
fonate. 



disul- 



S. U. P. (coal-tar medicinal) 

Urea-di-m-amino-benzoyl-m-amino - p-methyl - benzoyl - 1 - naphthyl - amino- 

4:6:8 sodium trisulfonate (Germanin) 

Vioform pdr 

Vioform and bismuth compound 

All other.. 



Total: 

Quantity- 
Value 



1 

2 

20 

220 



220 

1,642 

10 

50 

4 

880 

112 

100 

7 



913 

15 

16 

1,760 

110 

41 

2 
110 
220 

5 



27, 427 
$115,355 



i C competitive; NC=noncompetitive. 
1 Duty based on foreign value. 
3 Status changed during the year. 



80 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 26. — Other coal-tar products in paragraph 28: Detailed statistics of imports 
into the United States in 1936, as obtained from invoice analysis 



Name of product 



Quantity- 



Subtotal Tota 



Alkydal ST, T 

Aurantiue M 

BG supplement... 

Cabronal tavolette 

Carameline --- 

Centifol -- --- 

Centifol acetate 

p-Cresyl caprylate 

Diazo compound - 

Dichlor fluoresceine 

Dichlorophenol indophenol (sodium salt). 

Dyeing pastilles "cremantine"- - 

Dyeing pastilles "peach" 

Dimethyl octanol .- 

Etral 

Fixanol 

Isolemail P. M. noir 

Methoxy benzyl methane carbonate 

Naphtphenylene-di-imidazol 

Phenyl-alanine 

Photographic chemicals: 

Developer OFSN 

Developer, fine grain 

Developer for photoprint paper 

Dyes, photographic 

Hydroquinone 

Monomethyl-p-aminophenol sulfate. . 

Phloroglucinol 

Retouching colors 

Sensitizing preparation 

Other photographic chemicals.. 



Total photographic chemicals. 
Resins: 

Bakelite filament compound 

Haefelyte C rods 

Polystyrol 

Trolitol injection moulding pdr. 
Other synthetic resins 



Pounds 



Total resins 

Synthol. 

Tannins- materials: 

Synektan NCR 

Synektan NF 

Thiotan MS 

Thiotan RS 

Other synthetic tanning materials. 



Total tanning materials. 

Treparsol 

Tricresol.. 

TJltrafin SF... 

Universal indicator 

All other 



Total: 

Quantity. 
Value 



Pounds 

170 

15 

66 

2 

66 

6 

10 

7 

4,674 

11 

10 

2S7 

33 

5 

11 

560 

221 

20 

14, 498 

( 3 ) 



1,102 
196 

4,540 

203 

14, 503 

4,200 
121 
78 

9,655 

2, 500 



250 

869 

2,220 

1,671 

1,091 



500 
1,000 
2, 102 

23, 279 

s, MS 



37, 098 



9,101 
18 



35, 699 

16 

821 

200 

110 

16 



103, 751 
$143, 264 



i C = competitive: NC = noncompetitive. 
J Duty based on foreign value. 
3 5 ounces. 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



81 



Table 27. — Coal-tar intermediates: Detailed statistics of imports into the United 
States in 1986, as obtained from invoice analysis 



Name of intermediate 



Quantity 



Subtotal 



Pounds 



A. A. 18 (textile finishing product) 

A. A. 20 (textile finishing product) 

Aceto acetic acid-m-xylidid --- 

Acetyl-l-amino-S-naphthol-4 : 6-disulfonic acid (acetyl K acid) 

4-Acetylamino-2-toluidine._ - 

Acetyl-1 : 4-naphthylene diamine-6-sulfonic acid 

Acetyl-1 : 4-naphthylene diamine-7-sulfonic acid 

Adipicacid - 

AlbatexPO 

Alkyl dimethylbenzyl ammonium chloride 

p-Aminoacetanilid 

Aminoazobenzene disulfonic acid 

m- Amino benzoic acid.. 

Aminobenzol sulfonyl compound of benzidine ammonium sulfonate. 

m- Amino benzoyl-m-aminobenzoyl-I-acid 

a-Aminobenzoyl-I-acid.-. 

p-Aminodimethylaniline 

4- Aminodiphenylamine-2-methoxy-2-sulfonic acid 

m- Amino formanilide 

Amino hydroquinone dimethyl ether 

Aminohydroxy arsenic acid 

l-Amino-4-methoxy anthraquinone 

Amino methoxy diphenylamlne 

p-Aminomethyl acetanilid 

Amino-naphthol-disulfonic acid 

2-Amino-8-naphthol-3 : 6-disulfonic acid (2R acid) 

l-Amino-2-naphthol ethylether 

l-Amino-7-naphthol sulfonic acid 

2-Amino-5-naphthol-7-sulfonic acid (I acid) 

m-Aminophenol 

p-Aminophenol 

m-Aminophenyl methyl pyrazolon 

Aminophenyl salicylate 

p-Aminophenyl sulfonamid 

p-Anisidine 

Anone_ 



Anthra fiavinic acid 

Anthra pyradone 

Anthranilic acid (potassium salt) 

Anthraquinone dioxaminic acid 

Antinonnin _ 

Aseptix L 

Becilid acid 

Benzaldehyde-o-sulfonic acid 

Benzanthrone sulfide 

Benzidine 

Benzidine-2 : 2acid.-. 

Benzidine disulfonic acid 

Benzimid 

Benzimidazol sulfonic acid 

Benzo sulfonate of soda 

Benzoquinone 

Benzoyl amino hydroquinone ether 

Bromamine acid 

Bromoamino anthraquinone sulfonic acid. 

Butylamino benzoic acid ethyl ester 

Carbazol 

Celcot ST 

Celloxane 

Chemical compounds #24, #31 

Chemical compound BL 

Chemical compound CN 

Chemical compound NK 

Chlorhydroquinone 

l-Chloro-2-aminobenzoyl-4-acid 

p-Chloro-o-aminophenol 

4-Chloro-2-aminophenol-6-sulfonic acid — 

m-Chloraniline base 

2-Chloraniline-5-sulfonic acid 

4-Chloraniline-2-sulfonic acid 

o-Chloro benzaldehyde 

p-Chloro-m-cresol 

Chloro-nitro-aminophenol 

p-Chloro-o-nitroaniline ---. 



• C = competitive; NC=noneompetitive. 
1 Duty based on foreign value. 
» Status changed during the year. 



82 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 27. — Coal-tar intermediates: Detailed statistics of imports into the United 
States in 1936, as obtained from invoice analysis — Continued 



Name of intermediate 



Quantity 



Subtotal Total 



4-Chlor-2-nitrotoluene 

C hloro sulpho benzaldehy de 

p-Chloro-m-xylenol 

Cliloro-p-xylol sulfoehloride 

o-Chlorobenzal chloride 

m-Chlorotoluene 

Chloroxanis 

Coal-tar product similar to naphthalene diluted with polymerized ethylene 

oxide 

Cresidine 

p-Cresidine 

m-Cresol 

i-Cresol_ 



Pounds 



p-Cresol 

Cresylic acid 

Cyclohexane . -• 

Cyclohexanone 

Cyclonol. 

Dehydrothio-toluidine-disulfonic acid 

Dehydrothio-toluidine mono sufonic acid 

Dehydro-4-toluidine mono sulfonic acid 

m-Diamino anisol - 

Di-p-amino benzoyl-l:4-naphthylamine diamine-6:7-disulfonic acid. 

Di-p-aminobenzoyl-1 :4-naphthylene diamine-7-acid 

2:6-Diamino chlor benzol-4-acid 

Diaminophenol - 

Diazo salts: 

AzosaltPT 

Azo blue salt BB 

Azo blue salt MO 

Azo blue salt RR - 

Azo orange salt GC 

Azo red salt B 

Azo red salt KBS 

Azo red salt RC 

Azo scarlet salt GO... 

Fast black salt B 

Fast black salt G 

Fast black salt K 

Fast blue salt NB.. , 

Fast blue salt RR 

Fast Bordeaux salt GP 

Fast Bordeaux salt NJ 

Fast brown salt RR 

Fast corinth salt LB 

Fast corinth salt V 

Fast garnet salt GBC 

Fast garnet salt GC 

Fast garnet salt GO 

Fast golden orange salt GR 

Fast orange salt GR — - 

Fast orange salt LG 

Fast orange salt NJR 

Fast orange salt NJS 

Fast orange salt R 

Fast orange salt RD 

Fast red salt FG... 

Fast red salt GC 

Fast red salt GG 

Fast red salt GTR 

Fast red salt IT R 

Fast red salt KB 

Fast red salt NB 

Fast red salt RC 

Fast red salt RL 

Fast red salt TR 

Fast scarlet salt G 

Fast scarlet salt LG 

Fast scarlet salt N2J 

Fast scarlet salt NRS 

Fast violet salt B 

Fast yellow salt GC. 

Fast yellow salt NJS 

Nittole blue salt - -- 

Setacyl salt A 



6,840 

51, 306 

6,280 

10, 674 

303 

763 

63, 483 

38, 500 

11,775 

1,100 

2, 050 

2, 750 

111 

t. 150 

1,200 

2, 973 

125 

2, 375 

1.200 

28, 250 

4.925 

300 

3.700 

13,400 

875 

11 

11 

1.000 

5,775 

450 

10 

3,150 

500 

5,650 

13,050 

121 

18,000 

7,300 

15, 450 

3,050 

1,200 

55 

110 

11,200 

2,650 

11 

794 

110 



1 C=competitive; NC=noncompetitive. 
Duty based on foreign value. 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



83 



Table 27. — Coal-tar intermediates: Detailed statistics of imports into the United 
States in 1936, as obtained from invoice analysis — Continued 



Name of intermediate 



Diazo salts— Continued. 
Variamine blue salt FG. 
Vat scarlet salt G 



Total Diazo salts 

5:5-Dibenzoylamino-l:l-dianthramid 

2:6-Dichlorobenzaldehyde— 

Diehlor benzidine 

Dichloro nitraniline 

2:4-Dichlorophenol 

Dicresylic sodium phosphate 

p-Diethoxybenzene 

Diformyl-1 : 3-diamino diphenyl urea 

Dihydro diaminoanthraquinone 

Dihydroxy quinoline 

l:8-Dinitronaphthalene 

3 :4-Dioxyaminopropiophenon hydrochloride 

Dioxy ethyl-m-toluidine 

l:5-Dioxy naphthalene 

l:8-Dioxy naphthol-4-sulfonic acid 

Diphenyl acid 

Diphenylamine sulfonic acid.. 

Diphenylmethane 

Diphenyl-l:3-naphthylamine diamine-8-sulfonic acid- 
Dispersing agent SS. 

2-Ethoxy-6:9-diamino acridine 

Ethyl-b-naphthylamine --- 

Fast color bases: 

Fast black CRB base 

Fast blue BB base 

Fast blue ER base 

Fast brown V base 

Fast corinth LB base 

Fast garnet GBC base 

Fast garnet GC base 

Fast orange GC base 

Fast red B base 

Fast red BB base 

Fast red FG base 

Fast red ITR base 

Fast red N3JL base 

Fast red RBE base 

Fast red RL base 

Fast red TR base 

Fast scarlet LG base 

Fast scarlet N2J base 

Fast scarlet R base 

Fast scarlet TR base 

Fast violet base 

Fast violet B base 

Fast yellow NJS base 



Total Fast color bases 

Fedal OTS 

Fouramine A, AE, AL, 4J, 2R, 3R, SL, SO, gray AL. 

Fouramine ALO. BA, F, LO 

Fur developer EG 

Fur developer ERN 

Fur dyes: 

Fur blue black A 

Fur blue black SB... .___ 

Fur brown RR 

Fur brown SK 

Fur brown SO... 

Fur gray B 

Fur gray DMG 

Vulpin AL, BA, 4G, SH 

Other fur dyes 

Gris fouramine A 

Gris fouramine AE 

Gris fouramine AL 

Hair dye preparation 

Hertolan... 

Homazol 

Humectol C 

Indaphor A. 



Quantity 



Subtotal Total 



Pounds 

3,650 

300 



10 

6,550 

50 

500 

300 

3,761 

6,750 

300 

6,705 

250 

1,025 

300 

11 

3,600 

2,650 

900 

25 

11 

110 

1,050 

2 

950 

22 



2,750 
4.200 
1.250 
1,150 
2, 850 
1,900 
1,250 
1.101 
2,676 



1 C=competitive; NC=noncompetitive. 

2 Duty based on foreign value. 



84 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 27.- — Coal-tar intermediates: Detailed statistics of imports into the United 
States in 1936, as obtained from invoice analysis — Continued 



Name of intermediate 



Quantity 



Subtotal . Total 



Invadin BC 

Invadin C 

Invadin N 

Iodone 

a-Isatin anilide 

p-Isopropyl methyl cinnamic aldehyde. 

Katanol O 

Katanol ON 

Katanol SL 

Katanol W 

Katanol WL 



Pounds 



5,900 

3,100 

600 

40, 850 

36, 650 



Kollamine 

Laventine HW. 
Leonil S. 



Leophen K .. 

Mabolit FF 

Mandelic acid 

Mercury - hydroxy - di - methoxy - allylamide - trimethyl - cyclopentane • 

dicarhonic acid (mercury content 40%) 

Methyl-p-aminophenol 

Methylcyclohexanon (Methylanon) 

3-Methyl-4:4-diamino diphenylamine-2-sulfonic acid 

Methyl paramine 

Methylquinoline 

Naphthalene-l:6-disulfonic acid 

Naphthalene tetra carbonic acid 

Naphthazol NB 

Naphthazol N3B 

Naphthazol ND 

Naphthazol NRL 

Naphthazol NSW 

Naphthol AS series: 

Naphthol AS (Avon A) 

Naphthol A S-BD 

Naphthol AS-BG 

Naphthol AS-BT 

Naphthol AS-E 

Naphthol AS-G 

Naphthol AS-GR 

Naphthol AS-ITR 

Naphthol AS-LB 

Naphthol A S-LC 

Naphthol AS-LG 

Naphthol AS-L3G 

Naphthol AS-L4G 

Naphthol AS-LT 

Naphthol AS-SG 

Naphthol AS-SR 

Naphthol AS-TR 

Nittole AS 



Total Naphthol AS series ._ 

Naphthol RN 

Naphthol 44S 

b-Naphthol monosulfonic acid F 

l:8-Naphthol sulfamide 

l:3-Naphthol sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthol-5-sulfonic acid 

b-Naphthol-thioindoxyl.. 

l-Naphthylamine-3:6-disulfonicacid 

l-Naphthylamine-5-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-6-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-6:7-sulfonicaeid (Cleve's acid) 

l-Naphthylamine-7-sulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-l-sulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-3:6:8-trisulfonic acid 

4-Nitro-4-aminodiphenylamine-2-acid 

4-Nitro-2-aminophenol-6-acid 

4-Nitroaniline-2-sulfo ethylanilide 

3-Nitro-4-anisidine 

5-Nitro-2-anisidine 

p-Nitro-benzoic acid ethyl ester 

3-Nitro benzoyl-2:6-toluylene diamine-4-sulfonic acid. 
6-Nitro-4-chloro-2-aminophenol 



280 

150 

7,750 

6.700 

525 

13,400 

1,250 

2,800 

16, 200 
600 

3, 550 

700 

50 

3,100 

1 7, 900 
5, 370 

13, 325 
11,867 



1 C= competitive; NC=noncompetitive. 

2 Duty based on foreign value. 

3 Status changed during the year. 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



85 



Table 27.- — Coal-tar intermediates: Detailed statistics of imports into the United 
States in 1936, as obtained from invoice analysis — Continued 



Name of intermediate 



Nitro methyl benzanthrone 

Nitro oxalyl diamino anthraquinone 

Nitro oxyphenyl arsenic acid 

m-Nitrophenyl-5-pyrazolon-3-carbonic acid. 

Nitroso diphenylamine 

Olive oil emulsion 

Oxy diphenylene oxide carbonic acid 

Oxyethyl diethylamid 

Oxyethyl ethyl aniline 

Oxyethyl methyl aniline 

Oxyphenyl amino carbazol 

Oxyphenyl amino ethyl carbazol 

p-Oxyphenyl-b-naphthylamine 

Penta chloronitrobenzene 

PeralbineNPC 

Phenol 



Phenol USP 

Phenyl-2-amino-5-naphthol-7-sulfonic acid (phenyl I acid) 

Phenyl-2-amino-8-naphthol-6-sulfonic acid (phenyl gamma acid). 

Phenylbenzimidazol sulfonic acid 

o-Phenylene diamine 

Phenylhydrazine base 

Phenyl mercury acetate 

Phenyl-a-naphthylamine 

Phenyl propene oxide 

Phthalonitrile 

Preparation 6051. 

Preventol liquid I 

Preventol liquid II 

Preventol liquid N 



Propyl-p-hydroxybenzoate 

Purpurine - 

Pyrazolon derivative 

Pyridine carbonic acid diethylamid 

Quinizarin 

Resist for acetate silk pdr 

ResolinNP 

p-Rosaniline base 

Sandofix KC 

Sandolite8 

Sansapol 

Sapamine FL 

Sapamine KWC 

Saprotin 

Sekanile AS 

Setamol WS 

Shirlan AG 

SolbrolM 

Solvent BP , 

o-Sulfanilic acid 

o-Sulfo benzaldehyde 

Sulfonated fatty alcohol 

Sulfureted benzanthrone carbonic acid 

Sulfureted chlorotolyl acid amide 

Sulfureted phenetol carbonic acid amide 

Sulfureted toluene 

Tetrachlorphthalicacid._ 

Toluidine-disulfonic acid 

Toluidine sulfanilid 

3-Toluidine-6-sulfonic acid 

2:6-Toluylene diamine-4-acid 

Transketon 

Trianthrimid 

Tri-p-nitrobenzoyl amino stilbene disulfonic acid. 

b-Truxine 

Vat leveling agent.. 

Viscolox lubricant 

p-Xylidine 

l:3:4-Xylidine-5-sulfonic acid 

All other.. 



Total: 

Quantity. 
Value 



Quantity 



Subtotal Total 



Pounds 



2,000 

9, 373 

355 



Pounds 
5,512 

78, 418 



2, 225, 146 
$2, 096, 536 



1 C=competitive; NC=noncompetitive. 

2 Duty based on foreign value. 

» Status changed during the year. 



Part IV 

APPENDIX I 

DYES AND OTHER COAL-TAR CHEMICALS, IMPORTS FOR CON- 
SUMPTION AND EXPORTS, 1936 

The data shown in the tables below were compiled from official 
statistics of imports and exports as reported in Foreign Commerce 
and Navigation of the United States for 1936. 

Table 28. — Coal-tar products: Imports {for consumption) into the United States, 

19S5 and 19S6 

Group I.— CRUDES (FREE) 



Quantity 



Value 



1936' 



Quantity 



Value 



Acenaphthene, fluorene, methylanthracene, methyl- 
naphthalene pounds.. 

Anthracene, less than 30 percent pure 2 do 

Anthracene oil 3 do 

Benzene gallons.. 

Cresylic acid do 

Cumene and cymene 3 pounds.. 

Dead or creosote oil gallons.. 

Naphthalene, solidifying at less than 79° C pounds. . 

Pyridine gallons.. 

Toluene 3 do 

Xylene 3 do 

Tar and pitch: 

Crude, coal, blast-furnace, oil-gas, and water-gas 

tar barrels.. 

Pitch of coal, blast-furnace, oil-gas, and water-gas 

tar barrels.. 

All other distillates, n. s. p. f. which yield in distilling 
below 190° C a quantity of tar acids less than 5 

percent of the original distillate pounds.. 

All mixtures of distillates or pitches in par. 1651, and 
all other products found naturally in coal tar, 
whether produced from coal tar or other source, 
n. s. p. f pounds.. 



1,036 

38, 270 

18, 352 

277, 229 

805, 778 

10,244 

513, 486 

454, 854 

393 

149, 274 

6 



85, 465 

47 



2, 565, 777 



3.S35 



641 

536 

29, 846 

265, 485 

786 

3, 536, 500 

643, 249 

1,568 

44, 814 

23 



170, 663 
210 



48, 550 



17, 948 



60, 020 



620, 341 
1, 585, 462 



41, 383, 695 

39, 805, 722 

4,004 

\ • 152, 040 



32, 927 
246 

33, 394, 351 
68,649 



$964 



73, 982 
722, 575 



4, 566, 138 

785, 396 

6,052 

43, 730 



75, 143 
1,241 

357, 602 



• Preliminary. 

2 Includes anthracene oil and cumene and cymene beginning 1936. 

3 Not separately classified beginning 1936. 

* Converted from pounds at the rate of 7.2 pounds per gallon. 



87 



88 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 29. — Coal-tar products: Imports (for consumption) into the 
United States, 1936 » 

GROUP II.— INTERMEDIATES (DUTIABLE AT 40 PERCENT AD VALOREM AND 
7 CENTS PER POUND) 2 



Quantity 



Value 



Equivalent 
ad valorem 



Acids: 

Carbolic: 

Crystal (phenol) 3 

Liquid (cresylic acid or cresol) 3 

Coal-tar acids, n. s. p. f 

Acetanilide not medicinal, aminonaphthol, ainino- 
phenol, aminophenetole, aniline oil and salt, anthra- 
quinone, aminoanthraquinone, nitroanthraquinone, 
benzaldehyde not medicinal, nitrobenzaldehyde, 
benzanthrone, benzoquinone, benzidine, benzidine 
sulphate, benzyl, benzal and benzoyl chloride, bromo- 
benzene, chlorobenzene, carbazole 65 percent or more 
pure, cumidine, dehydrothiotoluidine, diamino- 
stilbene, dihydroxynaphthalene, dianisidine, dimeth- 
ylaniline, benzylethylaniline, dimethylamino- 
phenol, dimethylphenylbenzylammonium hydrox- 
ide, dimethylphenylenediamine, dinitrobenzene, 
dinitrochlorobenzene, dinitronaphthalene, dinitro- 
phenol, nitrophenol, dinitrotoluene, diphenylamine, 
methylanthraquinone, naphthol (alpha and beta) 
not medicinal, naphthylamine, naphthylenediamine, 
nitroaniline (para and meta), nitrobenzene, nitro- 
naphthalene, nitrophenylenediamine, nitrosodimethyl- 
aniline, nitrotoluene, nitrotoluylenediamine, phenyl- 
enediamine, phenylglycine, phenylhydrazine, phenyl- 
naphthylamine, phthalic anhydride, phthalimide, 
quinaldine, quinoline, resorcinol not medicinal, thio- 
carbanilide, tetramethyldiaminobenzophenone, tetra- 
methyldiaminodiphenylmethane, tolidine, toluene 
sulfochloride, toluene sulfonamide, toluidine, tolyl- 
enediamine, tribromophenol, xylidine 4 -- 

Metacresol, orthocresol, and paracresol, 90 percent or 
more pure 3 ... 

Naphthalene, solidifying at or above 79° C.« 

Azo salts (including diazo salts and (variamine) blue 
salts) 6 

Fast color bases 6 ... - 

Fast color salts 6 

Textile assistants 6 

Naphthol AS derivatives 6 

All similar products manufactured from the products 
provided for in paragraph 27 or paragraph 1651 n. e. s. 

All mixtures, including solutions, consisting in whole 
or in part of any product provided for in paragraph 
27 (a) except sheep dip and medicinal soaps 



Pounds 
71, 429 
512 
466, 443 



284, 786 

83, 273 
30 

160,993 
37,617 
1. 53, 330 
110,237 
123,722 

600, 721 



234, 178 



$8, 3(12 

40 

489, S69 



314, 632 

27, 686 
20 

197, 966 
65, 203 

124, 722 
76, 373 

284, 180 

634, 172 



261,649 



$4, 160 

26 

228, 599 



145, 788 

8,452 
5 

90, 456 
28, 714 
60, 622 
S8, 266 
122, 333 

295, 719 



121,052 



Percent 
50.1 
64.8 
46.7 



30.5 
25.2 



45.7 
44.0 



50.1 
43.0 



46.6 



Group III. 



-DYES AND OTHER FINISHED PRODUCTS (DUTIABLE AT 45 PERCENT 
AD VALOREM AND 7 CENTS PER POUND) 2 



Coal-tar colors, dyes, or stains, color acids, etc.: 

Alizarin, synthetic; colors, dyes, stains, obtained, 
derived, or manufactured from alizarin, indigo, 
anthracene, or carbazole; colors, dyes, stains, 



8 3, 768, 918 «$5,697,793 $2,569,347 



45.1 



1 Preliminary. 

2 Ad valorem rate based on American selling price or the United States value, except when neither pro- 
duced nor sold in the United States. 

3 Dutiable at 20 percent ad valorem and 3H cents per pound. 

4 Certain commodities in this classification reported separately prior to 1936. 

« Dutiable at 20 percent ad valorem and 3J6 cents per pound, under the Belgo-Luxemburg trade agree- 
ment, effective May 1, 1935. 

6 New class effective Jan. 1, 1936; formerly included with "All similar products manufactured from the 
products provided for in par. 27 or par. 1651." 

7 New classification under the United States-Switzerland trade agreement, effective Feb. 15, 1936, duti- 
able at 40 percent, or 7,y 2 cents per pound -\-22Yi percent minimum. (Rate under Tariff Act of 1930, 7 cents 
per pound +45 percent.) 

8 Includes 1,690,697 pounds valued at $2,802,702 imported under the United States-Switzerland trade 
agreement dutiable at 40 percent ad valorem, 1,723,367 pounds valued at $2,426,205 entered at tariff rate, and 
354,854 pounds valued at $468,886 entered prior to the United States-Switzerland trade agreement, classi- 
fied as "alizarin, natural and synthetic; colors, dyes, stains, leuco, and indoxyl compounds obtained, de- 
rived, or manufactured from alizarin, indigo, anthracene, or carbazole: and colors, dyes, stains, color acids, 
color lakes, and color bases, n. e. s." 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS §9 

Table 29. — Coal-tar products; Imports (for consumption) into the 
United States, 1936 — Continued 

Group III.— DYES AND OTHER FINISHED PRODUCTS (DUTIABLE AT 45 PERCENT 
AD VALOREM AND 7 CENTS PER POUND)— Continued 





Quantity 


Value 


Duty 


Equivalent 
ad valorem 


Coal-tar medicinals: 

Acetanilide medicinal, acetophenetidine (phenace- 
tin), and acetyl salicylic acid (aspirin), anti- 
pyrine, arsphenamine (salvarsan), neo-arsphena- 
mine, and similar arsenical medicinal compounds, 
benzoic acid medicinal, beta-naphthol and 
benzaldehyde medicinal, guaiacol, including 
natural, and derivatives, phenolphthalein, re- 
sorcinol medicinal, salicylic acid, and its salts 
medicinal, salol, coal-tar medicinals, n. s. p. f. 4 

Other coal-tar products: 

Explosives, except smokeless powders (including 


Pounds 
32, 566 

1,699 

39, 003 

16, 367 

12 6, 401 

25 

51, 583 

18, 598 
11, 141 


$117, 401 
3,349 

87, 479 

35, 259 

> 2 12,816 

340 

119, 162 

13, 643 
1,539 


$55,110 
1.626 

42, 096 

9,079 

3,161 

155 

57, 234 

7,441 
1,472 


Percent 
46.9 

48 6 


Flavors and perfume materials: 

Benzyl acetate, benzyl benzoate, coumarin, 
natural coumarin, diphenyloxide, methyl 
anthranilate, methyl salicylate, natural 
methyl salicylate or oil of wintergreen or oil 
of sweet birch, phenylacetaldehyde, phenyl- 
ethyl alcohol, and other synthetic oderiferous 
or aromatic chemicals, n. e. s. not containing 


48 1 


Artificial musk, not mixed and not com- 
pounded, and not containing alcohol, when 
obtained, derived, or manufactured in whole 
or in part from any of the products provided 


25 7 


Heliotropin, not mixed and not compounded, 
and not containing alcohol when obtained, 
derived or manufactured in whole or in part 
from any of the products provided for in 
paragraphs 27 or 1651 u 


24.7 




48 


Synthetic phenolic resin and all resin-like products, 
prepared from any article provided for in pars. 27 
or 1651 (bakelite prohibited, T. D. 41512) 


54 5 




95 7 







* Certain commodities in this classification reported separately prior to 1936. 
9 Includes "Musk, artificial, and heliotropin" for the period Jan. 1 to Feb. 14, inclusive. 
i° New classification under the United States-Switzerland trade agreement, effective Feb. 15, 1936, duti- 
able at 7 cents per pound+22H percent. (Rate under Tariff Act of 1930, 7 cents per pound+45 percent.) 

11 New classification under the United States-Switzerland trade agreement, effective Feb. 15, 1936, duti- 
able at 3>^ cents per pound+22 1 2 percent. (Rate under Tariff Act of 1930, 7 cents per pcund+45 percent.) 

12 Includes 110 pounds valued at $220 imported from Germany dutiable at rate under Tariff Act of 1930. 



Table 30. 



-Coal-tar products: Imports (for consumption) into the United States, by 
countries, 1936 J 



Imported from — 


Anthracene (less than 
30 percent pure) an- 
thracene oil, cu- 
mene and cymene 


Benzene 


Cresylic acid 




Quantity 


Value 


Quantity 


Value 


Quantity 


Value 




Pounds 




Gallons 




Gallons 
23, 910 
73, 745 
2,055 

1, 452, 344 
33, 408 


$14, 173 




60, 020 


$964 






33, 068 








1,190 


United Kingdom 










661, 781 








520. 899 
99,442 


$63, 044 
10, 938 


12, 363 




















Total _. 


60, 020 


964 


620, 341 


73, 982 


1, 585, 462 


722, 575 







See footnotes at end of table. 



90 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 30. — Coal-tar products: Imports (for consumption) into the United States by 
countries, 1936 — Continued 



Imported from— 


Dead or creosote oil 


Naphthalene, solidify- 
ing at less than 79° C . 


Pyridine 


Quantity 


Value 


Quantity 


Value 


Quantity 


Value 




Gallons 
7, 506, 934 


$811,638 


Pounds 

2, 024, 872 
6, 595, 042 
2,711,768 

3, 793, 707 
1,968,764 
5, 145, 258 

16, 300, 787 
255, 380 
115, 500 
894, 644 


$55, 503 
120, 529 

75, 314 
105, 404 

35, 439 

97, 815 

273, 964 

4,093 

2,457 

14, 878 


Gallons 






3,854 


$5, 451 










Netherlands 


4, 141, 753 


467, 895 












U. S. S. R 










United Kingdom 

Canada 


24, 063, 995 
1, 026, 429 


2, 665, 972 
107, 036 


150 


601 




















4, 644, 584 


513, 597 
















Total 


41, 3S3, 695 


4, 566, 138 


39, 805, 722 


785, 396 


4,004 


6,052 



Imported from — 


Toluene and xylene 


Crude, coal, blast- 
furnace, oil-gas and 
water-gas tar 


Pitch of coal, 
nace, oil-gav 
ter-gas tar 


blast-fur- 
and wa- 




Quantity 


Value 


Quantity 


Value 


Quantity 


Value 




Gallons 2 




Barrels 

11 

1,601 

31, 085 

125 

105 


$48 

7,477 

66, 312 

717 

589 


Barrels 










243 


$1, 222 




152, 040 


$43, 730 


British India.. 












3 




19 










Total 


152,040 


43, 730 


32, 927 


75, 143 


246 


1,241 



Imported from — 


All other distillates, 
n. s. p. f., which yield 
in distilling below 
190° C. a quantity of 
tar acids less than 5 
percent of the orig- 
inal distillate 


All mixtures of distil- 
lates or pitches in par. 
1651, and all other 
products found nar 
turally in coal tar 
whether produced 
from coal tar or other 
source, n. s. p. f. 


Carbolic acid, crys- 
tal (phenol) 




Quantity 


Value 


Quantity 


Value 


Quantity 


Value 


U. S. S. R 


Pounds 




Pounds 




Pounds 
71,429 


$8, 302 




4,065 

11,103 

402, 096 

32, 977, 087 


$816 

5,299 

12, 767 

338, 720 


33, 368 

4,534 
30, 747 


$1, 725 
1,991 
1,875 
































Total 


33, 394, 351 


357, 602 


68, 649 


5,591 


71, 429 


8,302 





Imported from — 


Carbolic acid, liquid 
(cresylic acid or cre- 
sol) 


Coal-tar aci 


ds, n. s. p. f . 


Acetanilide not medici- 
nal, amino-napthol, 
etc. 3 




Quantity 


Value 


Quantity 


Value 


Quantity 


Value 


France 


Pounds 




Pounds 




Pounds 
23, 202 
190, 787 
22, 046 
41,592 
7,159 


$17, 400 


Germany 

U. S. S. R 


512 


$40 


398, 487 


$403, 564 


227,239 
2,094 


Switzerland 






66, 008 
1,440 

508 


83, 118 
2,181 
1,006 


60, 327 


United Kingdom 






7,572 




















Total 


512 


40 


466, 443 


489, 869 


284, 786 


314, 632 







See footnotes at end of table. 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



91 



Table 30. — Coal-tar products: Imports (for consumption) into the United States by 
countries, 1936 — Continued 



Imported from — 


Metacresol, ortho- 
cresol, and par- 
acresol, 90 per- 
cent or more pure 


Napthalene, solid- 
ifying at or 
above 79° C. 


Azo salts (includ- 
ing diazo salts 
and (variamine) 
blue salts) 


Fast color bases - - 




Quantity 


Value 


Quantity 


Value 


Quantity 


Value 


Quantity 


Value 




Pounds 
4,480 
4,026 


$338 
2,166 


Pounds 




Pounds 




Pounds 

1,500 

35, 432 

585 


$2,838 








160, 993 


$197,966 


60, 614 








1,596- 


United Kingdom 


74, 767 


25, 182 




















100 


155- 








30 


$20 






















Total 


83, 273 


27, 686 


30 


20 


160, 993 


197, 966 


37, 617 


65, 203- 







Imported from — 


Alizarin, natural and syn- 
thetic; colors, dyes, 
stains, leuco, and indoxyl 
compounds obtained, de- 
rived or manufactured 
from alizarin, indigo, an- 
thracene, or carbazole, 
and colors, dyes, stains, 
color acids, color lakes, 
and color bases, n. e. s. 4 


Alizarin, synthetic; colors,, 
dyes, stains, obtained, de- 
rived, or manufactured 
from alizarin, indigo, an- 
thracene, or carbazole, 
colors, dyes, stains, n. e. s.* r 




Quantity 


Value 


Quantity 


Value 




Pounds 




Pounds 










370 

38, 319 

1, 676, 208 

20, 753 

1, 589, 672 

83, 545 

3,592 

1,004 

601 


$490i 




7,457 

253, 868 

345 

85, 999 

5,958 

1,227 


$9, 445 

329, 110 

189 

123, 575 

3,954 

2, 613 


71, 927." 




2, 358, 219' 




30, 666' 




2, 694, 217T 




62,964-' 




8; 125". 




1, 865- 


Other 






434- 










Total 


354, 854 


468, 886 


3, 414, 064 


5,228,907: 





Imported from— 


Fast color salts 


Textile assistants 


Naphthol AS deriva^ 
tives 




Quantity 


Value 


Quantity 


Value 


Quantity 


Value' 




Pounds 
3,537 
145, 947 


$3, 245 

117,687 


Pounds 

1,448 

76, 589 

10, 026 

22, 174 


$2, 174 
41, 136 
9,549 
23, 514 


Pounds 
187 
123, 255 


$511 
283, 35f> 




















1,200 
2,646 


660 
3,130 












280 


315' 










Total 


153, 330 


124, 722 


110,237 


76, 373 


123,722 


284 180 s 







Imported from — 


All similar products manu- 
factured from products 
provided for in para- 
graph 27 or 1651, n.e.s. 


All mixtures, including so- 
lutions, consisting mi 
whole or in part of any 
product provided for in; 
par. 27 (a) except sheep 
dip and medicinal soaps 




Quantity 


Value 


Quantity 


Value 


France 

Germany 

Netherlands 


Pounds 

12, 297 

499, 946 

200 

74, 959 

3,647 

1,070 

8,602 


$19, 789 

514,531 

150 

84, 222 

4,369 

906 

10, 205 


Pounds 

11,814 
206, 032 


$20, 555 
225,071. 


Switzerland 

United Kingdom 


15, 018 


13, 98»' 


Canada . 

Japan 

Other 


107 

1,177 

30 


nr 

l.sso 1 

375 










Total 


600, 721 


634, 172 


234. 178 


261, 648° 



See footnotes at end of table. 
14800—38 7 



92 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 30. 



-Coal-tar products: Im-ports (for consumption) into the United Slates by 
countries, 1936 — Continued 





Acetanilide medicinal. 






acetphenetidine (phenac- 






etin), and acetylsalicylic 






acid (aspirin) antipyrine, 






arsphenamine (salvar- 






san), neoarsphenamine. 






and similar arsenical me- 






dicinal compounds, ben- 


Explosives, except smoke- 




zoic acid medicinal, beta- 


less powders (including 




naphthol and benzalde- 


picric acid and trinitro- 


Imported from — 


hyde medicinal, guaiacol 
including natural and 
derivatives, phenol- 
phthalein, resorcinol me- 
dicinal, salicylic acid and 
its salts medicinal, salol, 
coal-tar medicinals, 
n. s. p. f. 


toluene) 




Quantity 


Value 


Quantity 


Value 




Pounds 




Pounds 






814 
11,531 


$4,817 
52, 955 












Italy 


6 


163 








13,410 

2,412 


47, 069 
4,719 












Canada 


1,415 


2,417 


1,699 


$3,349 




5 
50 


16 
214 














2,884 


4,942 








39 


89 












Total _ 


32, 566 


117,401 


1,699 


3,349 









Musk artificial, benzvl ace- 






tate, benzyl benzoate, 


Benzyl acetate, benzyl ben- 




coumarin, natural cou- 


zoate, coumarin, natural 




marin, diphenyloxide, 


coumarin, diphenyloxide, 




heliotropin (from coal 


methyl anthranilate, 




tar, T. D. 40998), methyl 


methyl salicylate, natu- 




anthranilate, methyl sal- 


ral methyl salicylate or 




icvlate, natural methyl 


oil of wintergreen or oil 




salicylate or oil of winter- 


of sweet birch, phenyl- 


Imported from — 


green or oil of sweet 


acetaldehyde, phenyl- 




birch, phenylacetalde- 


ethyl alcohol, and other 




hyde, phenvlethyl alco- 


synthetic odoriferous or 




hol, and other synthetic 


aromatic chemicals, n. e. 




odoriferous or aromatic 


s., not containing alco- 




chemicals, n. e. s., not 


hol* 




containing alcohol * 






Quantity 


Value 


Quantity 


Value 




Pounds 




Pounds 






1,263 


$2, 931 


6,897 


$22, 901 




1,989 


3,913 


22, 087 


39, 586 




20 
1,148 


10 
3,502 


326 
5,239 


698 


Switzerland 


13,820 




1 


6 


31 


106 








2 


6 










Total 


4,421 


10, 362 


34, 582 


77, 117 







See footnotes at end of table. 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



93 



Table 30. — Coal-tar -products: Imports (for consumption) into the United States by 
countries, 1986 — Continued 



Imported from- 



Artiflcial musk, not mixed 
and not compounded, 
and not containing al- 
cohol, when obtained, 
derived, or manufac- 
tured, in whole or in 
part from any of the 
products provided for in 
par. 27 or 1651 5 



Quantity 



Value 



Heliotropin (from coal tar, 
T. D. 40998) not mixed 
and not compounded, 
and not containing alco- 
hol, when obtained, de- 
rived, or manufactured 
in whole or in part from 
any of the products pro- 
vided for in par. 27 or 
16515 



Quantity 



Value 



Pounds 



France 

Germany,. . 
Switzerland- 
Japan 



$55 



16, 110 
240 



34, 904 
300 



Pounds 

697 

110 

3,410 

2.202 



$1, 369 

220 

6,822 

4,405 



Total. 



16, 367 



35, 259 



6.401 



12,816 



Imported from — 


Vanillin 


Photographic 

chemicals 


Synthetic phenolic 
resin and all resin- 
like products, pre- 
pared from any 
article provided 
for in par. 27 or 
1651 (bakelite 
prohibited,! 
T. D. 41512) 


Synthetic tanning 
material 




Quantity 


Value 


Quantity 


Value 


Quantity 


Value 


Quantity 


Value 




Pounds 




Pounds 




Pounds 
15 


$10 


Pounds 










79 

1 

48, 636 

2,685 

66 

116 


$465 

98 

112,891 

5,116 

286 

306 








14 
11 


$186 
154 


168 

10, 750 

36 

4,384 

1,979 

1,266 


177 

9,700 

26 

2,154 

1,090 

486 








11, 141 


$1, 539 


















































Total 


25 


340 


51, 583 


119, 162 


18, 598 


13, 643 


11, 141 


1,539 







1 Preliminary. 

2 Converted from pounds at the rate of 7.2 pounds per gallon. 

3 Aminophenol, aminophenetole, aniline oil and salt, anthraquinone, aminoanthraquinone, nitroanthra- 
quinone, benzaldehyde not medicinal, nitrobenzaldehyde, benzanthrone, benzoquinone, benzidine, benzi- 
dine sulphate, benzyl, benzal and benzoyl chloride, bromobenzene, chlorobenzene, carbazole 65 percent or 
more pure, cumidine, dehydrothiotoluidine, diaminostilbene, dihydroxynaphthalene, dianisidine, di- 
methylaniline, benzylethylaniline, dimethylaminophenol, dimethylphenylbenzylammonium hydroxide, 
dimethylphenylenediamine, dinitrobenzene, dinitrochlorobenzene, dinitronapthalene, dinitrophenol, 
nitrophenol, dinitrotoluene, diphenylamine, methylanthraquinone, naphthol (alpha and beta) not medic- 
inal, naphthylamine, naphthylenediamine, nitroaniline (para and meta) nitrobenzene, nitronaphthalene, 
nitrophenylenediamine, nitrosodimethylaniline, nitrotoluene, nitrotoluylenediamine, phenylenediamine, 
phenylglycine, phenylnydrazine, phenylnaphthylamine, phthalic anhydride, phthalimide, quinaldine, 
quinoline, resorcinol, not medicinal, thiocarbanilide, tetramethyldiaminobenzophenone, tetramethyl- 
diaminodiphenylmethane, tolidine, toluene sulfochloride, toluene sulfonamide, toluidine, tolylenediamine, 
tribromophenol, xylidine. 

* January 1-February 14, inclusive. 

* February 15-December 31, inclusive. 



^4 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 31. — Coal-tar pioducts: Exports from the United States to specified countries, 

1936 ! 



Exported to — 


Benzol 


Crude and refined 
coal tar 


Coal-tar pitch 




Quantity 


Value 


Quantity 


Value 


Quantity 


Value 




Gallons 

9, 084, 342 

7, 145, 456 

36. 798 

92, 674 

1.633,483 

341,427 

365, 529 

44,989 

1 

283 

49,912 

19, 059 

103, 401 

226 

24, 382 

32, 700 

3,133 

116,315 

83, 788 


$1, 383, 234 

995, 349 

9,269 

25, 423 

296, 309 

54, 630 

43. 863 

8,387 

2 

118 

7,893 

4,186 

24, 006 

100 

5,407 

8,427 

705 

29,078 

21,672 


Gallons 
3, 670, 938 
4,069,419 


$164, 771 
187, 138 


Tons 
21,119 
53, 256 


$157, 255 




425, 466 






Italy.. 






897 

30 

5,149 

593 

3,098 

16 

4 

5 

1 

7 

20 

29 

3 


16, 715 




516, 862 

25 

88 

2, 130, 625 

16, 184 

7,474 

51,382 

252 


31,011 

28 

29 

115,410 

2.802 

1,598 

12,364 

46 


570 




40, 977 




16,890 




43, 753 




383 




149 




134 




81 




317 




9,732 
300 


1,673 
32 


650 


China 


525 




130 




401 


67 












567, 944 


42, 823 


835 


11,607 






Total 


19, 177, 898 


2, 918, 058 


11,041,626 


559, 792 


85, 062 


715, 602 







Exported to — 


Creosote oi 


dead oil 


Other cru de coal-tar 
products, n. e. s. 


Coal-tar dye inter- 
mediates 




Quantity 


Value 


Quantity 


Value 


Quantity 


Value 




Gallons 




Pounds 
11, 777, 774 


$574, 334 


Pounds 
240, 954 
2,699 
25, 540 
60, 747 
84,555 


$32, 258 








1,960 








452, 565 


18, 522 


6,966 








15, 061 








13, 822 

12, 840, 481 

959, 941 

43, 935 


1,243 

111,539 

9,219 

3,028 


23, 129 
















175. 284 
285, 175 
217, 677 

182. 285 
152,079 


43, 514 








15,304 








18,604 








350, 171 
1, 953, 881 


3,112 
60, 017 


56, 710 




121, 129 
20, 278 
47, 009 
33, 995 
165 
130 


$19, 991 

4,380 

8,891 

10,206 

36 

67 


32,235 








112, 741 
12,944 


9,587 
659 


13, 948 


4,773 














124. 450 
126, 848 


15, 170 
11, 149 


41,399 

210,471 

1,654 


6,736 




36, 105 








598 




3,306 


929 


13, 560 

28, 448 

4,050 

771,288 

1,105 

3,255 

47,285 


1,344 

2,158 

320 

47, 244 

33 

244 

2,527 






156, 472 

5,000 

931, 116 

13, 870 


12,583 








5,000 








193, 701 








2,536 




3,526 
27,648 


1,074 
8,811 






138, 465 


31,325 






Total 


257, 186 


54,385 


29, 638, 544 


871, 449 


2, 939, 390 


539, 098 



' Preliminary. 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



95 



Table 31. — Coal-tar products: Exports from the United States to specified countries, 

1936 — Continued 



Exported to — 



Belgium 

Czechoslovakia. . . 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom. 

Canada... 

Mexico 

Argentina. 

Brazil 

British India 

China. 

Hong Kong 

Japan 

Kwantung 

Australia 

Other countries... 



Total. 



Rubber compound- 
ing agents of coal- 
tar origin 



Quantity 



Pounds 

7,433 

854 

134, 873 

22, 862 



11, 

7, 
17, 
7, 

418, 
402, 
76, 
33, 
20, 
3, 
45, 



69, 
126, 



1, 643, 027 



Value 



$1,424 

324 

55, 495 

17, 029 



9,268 

3,750 

8,801 

4,204 

4 

130, 852 

169, 777 

32, 903 

9,247 

6,514 

1,866 

25, 577 

142 

80, 322 



22, 386 
40, 308 



620, 193 



Coal-tar colors, dyes, 
stains, and color 
lakes 



Quantity Value 



Pounds 

1,250,316 

131,212 

87, 340 

180, 936 

1,488 

8,351 

634, 527 

46, 367 

66, 604 

3,174 

30, 238 

2, 582, 419 

524, 237 

314,923 

227, 688 

924, 825 

6, 096, 874 

239, 349 

2, 676, 005 

299, 165 

6,028 

845, 559 



17,177,625 



$426, 857 

96, 973 

50, 645 

89, 256 

1,109 

7,184 

137, 747 

8,243 

28, 536 

4,568 

32, 908 

1, 393, 813 

238, 229 

157. 113 

161, 760 

298, 741 

1, 539, 290 

66, 209 

934, 253 

62, 224 

3,660 

343, 187 



6, 080, 505 



Other finished coal- 
tar products (exclu- 
sive of medicinals) 



Quantity Value 



Pounds 

2, 996, 306 

10,415 

1,394,810 

23, 762 

17, 324 

373, 542 

517, 177 

15, 110 

17, 662 

22. 491 

530, 835 

1, 177, 480 

454, 618 

102. 836 

88, 375 

12, 025 

1,095,163 

78, 840 

535, 931 

2,799 

242, 733 

817, 699 



10, 527, 933 



$160, 854 

9,191 

26, 453 

11,370 

2,-491 

6,069 

100, 116 

2,482 

9,613 

12, 245 

107, 481 

267, 201 

91,070 

12, 152 

14, 118 

5,773 

200, 895 

69, 460 

86, 044 

2,938 

59, 808 

158, 558 



1,416,382 



APPENDIX n 

DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS OF DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC 

CHEMICALS, 1936 



No. 



Name of company 



Abbott Laboratories 

Alston-Lucas Paint Co 

Althouse Chemical Co 

Aluminum Industries, Ine 

Amalgamated Dyestufl & Chemical 
Works, Inc. 

American Aniline Products, Inc 

American Chemical Products Co 

American Cyanamid Co 

American Maize Products Co 

American Pharmaceutical Co., Inc. 

American Tar & Chemical Co 

Ansbacher-Siegle Corporation 

Ansul Chemical Co 

Apex Chemical Co., Inc 

Arnold, Hoffman & Co., Inc 

Aromatic Products, Inc 

Artifex Products Co 

Atlas Powder Co 

Barrett Co 

Bates Chemical Co., Inc 

Beck, Koller & Co., Inc 

Belle Alkali Co 

Benzol Products Co 

Berkheimer, J. E., Manufacturing Co 

Bersworth, F. C, Laboratories 

Bilhuber-Knoll Corporation 

Bischoff, Ernst, Co., Inc 

Brooklyn Color Works, Inc 

Brown Co 

Brown, Andrew, Co 

Burroughs Wellcome & Co., Inc 

Bush, W. J., & Co., Inc 

Calco Chemical Co., Inc 



Office address (location of plant given in parentheses if not 
in same city as office) 



14th St. and Sheridan Rd., North Chicago, 111. 

1031 N. Throop St., Chicago, 111. 

540 Pear St., Reading, Pa. 

2416-38 Beekman St., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

75 Hudson St., New York, N. Y. (Newark, N. J.). 

50 Union Sq., New York, N. Y. (Lock Haven, Pa.). 

75 Rockwood St., Rochester, N. Y. 

30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York, N.Y. (Warners & Bound 

Brook, N. J,, Bridgeville, Pa.). 
100 East 42d St., New York, N. Y. (Roby, Ind.). 
525 West 43d St., New York, N. Y. 
5910 Fremont St., Duluth, Minn. 
92 Chestnut Ave., Rosebank, Staten Island, N. Y. 
Foot of Stanton St., Marinette, Wis. 

225 West 34th St., New York, N. Y. (Elizabethport, N. J.). 
55 Canal St., Providence, R. I. (Dighton, Mass.). 
P. O. Box 655, Springdale, Conn. 
Delaware Ave. and Elm St., Camden, N. J. 
Wilmington, Del. (Stamford, Conn.). 
40 Rector St., New York, N. Y. (Plants throughout United 

States). 
Scottdale Rd., Lansdowne, Pa. 
601 Woodward Heights Blvd., Detroit, Mich. (Ferndale, 

Mich.). 
Belle, W. Va. 

237 South St., Newark, N. J. (Piscataway, N. J.). 
Kenton Station, Portland, Oreg. 
609 Waverly St., Framingham, Mass. 
154 Ogden Ave., Jersey City, N. J. 
135 Hudson St., New York, N. Y. 
129-143 Cherry St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
404 Commercial St., Portland, Maine (Berlin, N. H.). 
5431 S. Riverside Drive, Los Angeles, Calif. 
9 East 41st St., New York, N. Y. (Tuekahoe, N. Y.). 
11 East 38th St., New York, N. Y. (Linden, N. J.). 
Bound Brook, N. J. 



96 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS OF DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC CHEMICALS, 

1936 — continued 



Name cf company 



California Chemical Co 

California Flaxseed Products Co 

California Ink Co., Inc 

Carbide & Carbon Chemicals Corp 

Carbogen Chemical Co 

Carus Chemical Co., Inc 

Catalin Corporation of America 

Celluloid Corporation 

Chemical Manufacturing Co., Inc 

Childs Pulp Colors, Inc 

Cincinnati Chemical Works, Inc 

Citro Chemical Co -- 

Clinton Co 

Colasta Co., Inc 

Coleman & Bell Co 

Colloid Chemical Laboratories 

Collway Colors, Inc 

Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufactur- 
ing Co. 
Commercial Solvents Corporation 

Commonwealth Color & Chemical Co 

Cooks Falls D ye Works, Inc 

Coopers Creek Chemical Co 

Crown Tar Works (division of Public 
Service Co. of Colorado). 

Diarsenol Co., Inc 

Dodge & Olcott Co 

Dow Chemical Co. 

Dubin, II. E., Laboratories, Inc 

du Pont de Nemours, E. I., & Co 



Durite Plasties (division of Stokes & 
Smith Co.). 

Dye Specialties Corp_ 

Dvestuffs & Chemicals, Inc 

Eakins, J. S. & W. R., Inc - 

Eastman Kodak Co 



Edwal Laboratories, Inc__ 

Empire Oil & Refining Co 

Ethyl-Dow Chemical Co 

Federal Color Laboratories, Inc. 

Federal Laboratories, Inc 

Felton Chemical Co., Inc 

Fi berloid Corporation 

Fine Colors Co 

Florasynth Laboratories, Inc 

Ford Motor Co 



Office address (location of plant given in parentheses if not 
in same city as office) 



Foster-Heaton Co 

Franco- American Chemical Works. 

Fries Brothers 

Fries, George G., & Co., Inc 



Gane's Chemical Works, Inc. 

Gebauer Chemical Co 

General Aniline Works, Inc. _ 



General Chemical Co 

General Electric Co 

General Plastics, Inc 

Goodrich, B. F., Co 

Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co.. 

Great Western Electro-Chemical Co. 

Guyan Color & Chemical Works 

Halowax Corporation 

Hampden Color & Chemical Co 

Harmon Color Works, Inc 

Hercules Powder Co., Inc 

Heyden Chemical Corporation 



Hilton-Davis Chemical Co 

Hoffmann-La Roche, Inc 

Holland Aniline Dye Co.. 

Hooker Electrochemical Co 

Huggins, James, & Son 

Hynson, Westcott & Dunning, Inc. 



220 Bush St., San Francisco, Calif. (Newark & Chula Vista, 

Calif.). 
3135 E. 26th St., Los Angeles, Calif. 

545 Sansome St., San Francisco, Calif. (Berkelev, Calif.). 
30 E. 42d St., New York, N. Y. (South Charleston, W. Va.', 

Niagara Falls, N. Y., Whiting, Ind.). 
South Ave., Bell Terminal, Garwood, N. J. 
1377 Eighth St., La Salle, 111. 
1 Park Ave., New York, N. Y. (Fords, N. J.). 
290 Ferry St., Newark, N. J. 
Ashland, Mass. 

43 Summit St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
P. O. Box 20, Evanston Sta., Cincinnati, Ohio (Norwood 

and St. Bernard, Ohio). 
Maywood, N. J. 
Clinton, Iowa. 

Mechanic St., Hoosick Falls, N. Y. 
Main and Waverly Aves., Norwood, Ohio. 
92 Liberty St., New York, N. Y. (Harrison, N. J.). 
15 Market St., Paterson, N. J. 
17 Van Dyke Ave., Hartford, Conn. 

230 Park Ave., New York, N. Y. (Terre Haute, Ind., 

Peoria, 111., Agnew, Calif.). 
Nevins, Butler and Baltic Sts., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Cooks Falls, N. Y. 
River Rd., West Conshohocken, Pa. 
900 15th St., Denver, Colo. 

72 Kingsley St., Buffalo, N. Y. 

180 Varick St., New York, N. Y. (Bayonne, N. J.). 

Midland, Mich. 

250 E. 43d St., New York, N. Y. 

Wilmington, Del.j(Carney's Point, New Brunswick, Perth 
Amboy, Arlington, and Newark, N. J., Carrollville, 
Wis., Belle, W.jVa., Niagara Falls, N. Y., El Monte, 
Calif.). 

Summerdale Ave. near Roosevelt Blvd., Philadelphia, Pa. 

7 Bennett St., Jersey City, N. J. 

lltli and Monroe Sts., St. Louis, Mo. 

55 Berrv St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

343 State St., Rochester, N. Y. (Rochester, N. Y. and 

Kingsport, Tenn.). 
732 Federal St., Chicago, 111. 
Bartlesville, Okla. (Tallant, Okla.). 
Wilmington, N. C. 
4633 Forest Ave., Norwood, Ohio. 
185 41st St., Pittsburgh, Pa. (Tunnelton, Pa.). 
599 Johnson Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Worcester St., Indian Orchard, Mass. 
21-29 McBride Ave., Paterson, N. J. 
1513-33 Olmstead Ave., New York, N. Y. 
3674 Schaefer Rd., Dearborn, Mich. (Dearborn and Iron 

Mountain, Mich.). 
833-39 Magnolia Ave., Elizabeth, N. J. 
342 Madison Ave., New York, N. Y. (Carlstadt, N. J.). 
92 Reade St., New York, N. Y. (Bloomfleld, N. J.). 
68 Beekman St., New York, N. Y. (Long Island City, 

N. Y.). 
43 West 16th St., New York, N. Y. (Carlstadt, N. J.). 
826 Hanna Bldg., Cleveland, Ohio. 
435 Hudson St., New York, N. Y. (Rensselaer, N. Y.,, 

Grasselli, N. J.). 
40 Rector St., New York, N. Y'. 
1 River Rd., Schenectady, N. Y. (Pittsfleld, Mass.). 
Walck Rd., North Tonawanda, N. Y. 
500 South Main St., Akron, Ohio. 
1144 E. Market St., Akron, Ohio. 
9 Main St., San Francisco, Calif. (Pittsburg, Calif.). 
Box 10S8, Huntington, W. Va. 

247 Paik Ave., New York, N. Y. (Bound Brook, N. J.). 
161 Albany St., Springfield, Mass. 
550 Belmont Ave., Haledon, N. J. 
Delaware Trust Bldg., Wilmington, Del. 
50 Union Square, New York, N. Y. (Garfield and Perth 

Amboy, N. J.). 
Langdon Farm Rd., Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Nutley, N. J. 
Holland, Mich. 

60 E. 42d St., New York, N. Y. (Niagara Falls, N. Y.). 
239 Medford St., Maiden, Mass. 
1030 N. Charles St., Baltimore, Md. 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



97 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS OF DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC CHEMICALS, 

1936 — continued 



Name of company 



Imperial Paper & Color Corp. (Pig- 
ment Color Division). 

Industrial Dye-stuff Co _. 

Inland Tar Co 

Jamieson, C. E., & Co 

Jasco, Inc 

Jennison- Wright Co . . 

Joanite Corporation 

Johnson, Charles Eneu, & Co 

Joliet Wall Paper Mills.. 

Jones-Dabney Co., Inc 

Kay-Fries Chemicals, Inc 

Keery, Thomas Co., Inc 

Kentucky Color & Chemical Co 

Kessler Chemical Corporation 

Kinetic Chemicals, Inc 

Knoedler, A., Co 

Kohnstamm, H., & Co., Inc.. 

Koppers Co. (Tar & Chemical Div.)_ 

LaMotte Chemical Products Co 

Laucks, I. F., Inc 

Lavanburg, Fred. L., Co., Inc 

Lehigh Briquetting Co 

Lewis, John D., Inc 

Lilly, Eli, & Co 

Lucidol Corporation 

Lueders, George, & Co 

Macher, Wm., & Son 

Magruder Color Co., Inc 

Makalot Corporation 

Mallard, A. E 

Mallinckrodt Chemical Works 

Marblette Corporation 

Marietta Dyestuffs Co 

Marx, Max, Color & Chemical Co 

Maschmeijer, A , Jr., Inc 

May, Otto B., Inc 

Maywood Chemical Works 

Mepham, Geo. S., Corporation 

Merck & Co., Inc 

Merrimac Chemical Co 

Minerec Corporation 

Monsanto Chemical Co 

Monsanto Chemical Co. of Ala 

Montrose Chemical Co., Inc 

Moser, Chas., Co 

Mutual Chemical Co. of America 

National Aniline & Chemical Co., Inc 
Naugatuck Chemical (division of 

United States Rubber Products, 

Inc.). 

Neville Co 

Newport Industries, Inc 

New York Color & Chemical Co., Inc. 

(division of American Dyewood Co.) . 
New York Quinine & Chemical Works, 

Inc. 

Niacet Chemicals Corporation... 

Niagara Smelting Corporation 

Niagara Wall Paper Co 

Nord & Schulich, Inc 

Northwestern Chemical Co 

Novocol Chemical Manufacturing 
Co.. Inc. 

Nubian Paint & Varnish Co 

Ohio-Apex, Inc 

Oldbury Electro Chemical Co... 

Orbis Products Corporation... 

Organic Chemicals, Inc 

Patent Chemicals, Inc. 

Peerless Color Co 

Pennsylvania Coal Products Co 

Pfanstiehl Chemical Co 

Pfizer, Chas., & Co 

Pharma Chemical Corporation 

Philadelphia Gas Works Co 

Pitman-Moore Co.. 

Pittsberg Chemical Co 



Office address (location of plant given in parentheses if not 
in same city as office) 



Glens Falls, N. Y. (Queensbury, N. Y.). 

Massasoit Ave., East Providence, R. I. 

38 S. Dearborn St., Chicago, 111. (Indiana Harbor, Ind.). 

1962-80 Trombly Ave., Detroit, Mich. 

c/o Standard Oil Co. of La., Baton Rouge, La. 

2463 Broadway, Toledo, Ohio. 

10-02 44th Drive, Long Island City, N. Y. 

10th St. at Lombard St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Logan Ave., Joliet, 111. 

1481 S. 11th St., Louisville, Ky. 

180 Madison Ave., New York, N. Y. (West Haverstraw, 

N. Y.). 
Hancock, N. Y. (Cadosia, N. Y.). 
34th and Bank Sts., Louisville, Ky. 
Chrysler Bldg., New York, N. Y. (Philadelphia, Pa.), 
du Pont Bldg., Wilmington, Del. (Carney's Point, N. J.). 
717 N. Prince St., Lancaster, Pa. 
87 Park PL, New York, N. Y. (Brooklyn, N. Y.). 
Koppers Bldg., Pittsburgh, Pa. (Plants throughout the 

United States). 
McCormick Bldg., Baltimore, Md. 
314 Maritime Bldg., Seattle, Wash. (Lockport, N. Y., 

Seattle, Wash.). 
105 Bedford Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Universal Bldg., Fargo, N. Dak. (Lehigh, N. Dak.). 
68 Traverse St., Providence, R. I. (Mansfield, Mass.). 
Indianapolis, Ind. 
293 Larkin St., Buffalo, N. Y. 

427 Washington St., New York, N. Y. (Brooklyn, N. Y.). 
1533 W. Clearfield St., Philadelphia, Pa. 
2385 Richmond Terrace, Elm Park, Staten Island, N. Y. 
262 Washington St., Boston, Mass. (Waltham, Mass.). 
3021 Wabash Ave., Detroit, Mich. 
3600 N. 2d St., St. Louis, Mo. 
37-21 30th St., Long Island City, N. Y. 
401-402 Peoples Bank Bldg., Marietta, Ohio. 
188-194 Coit St., Irvington, N. J. 
43 W. 16th St., New York, N. Y. (Newark, N. J.). 
198-214 Niagara St., Newark, N. J. 
100 W. Hunter Ave., Maywood, N. J. 
2001 Lynch Ave., E v St. Louis, 111. 
Rahway, N. J. (Rahway, N. J., Philadelphia, Pa.). 
148 State St., Boston, Mass. (Everett, Mass.) 
120 Broadway, New York, N. Y. (Baltimore, Md.). 
1700 S. 2d St., St. Louis, Mo. (Nitro, W. Va., Monsanto, 

111.). 
1700 S. 2d St., St. Louis, Mo. (Anniston, Ala.). 
70 Lister Ave., Newark, N. J. 
215 E. 9th St., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

270 Madison Ave., New York, N. Y. (Jersey City, N. J.). 
40 Rector St., New York, N. Y. (Buffalo, N. Y.). 
1790 Broadway, New York, N. Y. (Naugatuck, Conn.). 



Neville Island P. O., Pittsburgh, Pa. 

230 Park Ave., New York, N. Y. (Pensacola, Fla.). 

100 E. 42d St., New York, N. Y. (Belleville, N. J.). 

99 N. 11th St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Pine Ave. and 47th St., Niagara Falls, N. Y. 

420 Lexington Ave., New York, N. Y. (Niagara Falls, 

N. Y.). 
Walnut Ave. and 2d St., Niagara Falls, N. Y. 
Foot of Blanchard St., Newark, N. J. 
1263 N. 70th St., Wauwatosa, Wis. 
2923 Atlantic Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. (New York, N. Y.). 

1856 N. Leclaire Ave., Chicago, 111. 

Nitro, W. Va. 

Niagara Falls, N. Y. 

215 Pearl St., New York, N. Y. (Newark, N. J.). 

211 E. 19th St., New York, N. Y. 

57 Wilkinson Ave., Jersey City, N. J. 

521-535 North Ave., Plainfield, N. J. 

Petrolia, Pa. 

104 Lakeview Ave., Waukegan, 111. 

81 Maiden Lane. New York, N. Y. (Brooklyn, N. Y.). 

949 Broadway, New York, N. Y. (Bayonne, N. J.). 

1401 Arch St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

1220 Madison Ave., Indianapolis, Ind. 

703 Market St., San Francisco, Calif. (Los Angeles, Calif.). 



98 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS OF DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC CHEMICALS, 

1936 — continued 



Name of company 



Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co 

Plaskon Co., Inc 

Portland Gas & Coke Co 

Poughkeepsie Dystuff Corporation 

Publicker, Inc 

Pure Oil Co - 

Pylam Products Co., Inc.. 

Pyridium Corporation 

Quaker Oats Co 

Reilly Tar & Chemical Corporation... 

Republic Creosoting Co 

Resinous Products & Chemical Co. Inc. 

Resinox Corporation... 

Rohm & Haas Co 

Ruberoid Co. 

Seydel Chemical Co 

Sharp & Dohme, Inc 

Sharpies Solvents Corporation 

Sheffield By-Products Co.. 

Shell Chemical Co 

Sherwin-Williams Co 

Simons, Harold L., Inc.. 

Sinclair & Valentine Co 

Smith, Kline & French Laboratories.. 

Solvay Process Co 

Squibb, E. R., & Sons 

Standard Alcohol Co 

Standard Naphthalene Products Cor- 
poration. 

Standard Ultramarine Co 

Stange, Win. J., Co 

Swann & Co 

Synthetic Chemicals, Inc 

Synthetical Laboratories 

Taylor Chemical Corporation 

Tavlor Fiber Co.... — . 

Todd, A. M., Co... 

Turner & Hefler Co 

Uhlich, Paul, & Co., Inc 

United Color & Pigment Co., Inc 

U. S. Industrial Chemical Co 

Valentine & Co 

Van Ameringen-Haebler, Inc. 

Van Dyk & Co., Inc 

Varcum Chemical Corporation.. 

Verley, Albert, Inc 

Verona Chemical Co 

Victor Chemical Works 

Virginia Smelting Co 

Warner-Jenkinson Manufacturing Co. 

Watertown Manufacturing Co . 

Westvaco Chlorine Products Corpora- 
tion. 

White Tar Co. of N. J., Inc 

Wilhelm, A., Co. (division of The 

Glidden Co.). 
Wolff Alport Chemical Corporation... 

Young Aniline Works, Inc 

Zinsser & Co., Inc 



Office address (location of plant given in parentheses if not 
in same city as office) 



235 E. Pittsburgh Ave., Milwaukee, Wis. 
2112 Sylvan Ave., Toledo, Ohio. 
Public Service Bldg., Portland, Oreg. 
77 N. Water St., Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 
260 S. Broad St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

35 East Wacker Drive, Chicago, 111. (Heath, Ohio, Cabin 
Creek, W. Va., Marcus Hook, Pa., Muskogee, Okla.). 

799 Greenwich St., New York, N. Y. (Norwalk, Conn.). 
21 Grey Oaks, Ave., Nepera Park, N. Y. 
141 W. Jackson Blvd., Chicago, 111. (Cedar Rapids, Iowa). 
1615 Merchants Bank Bldg., Indianapolis, Ind. (Plants 

throughout the United States). 
1615 Merchants Bank Bldg., Indianapolis, Ind. (Plants 

throughout the United States.) 
222 W. Washington Square, Philadelphia, Pa. (Bridesburg, 

Pa.). 
230 Park Ave., New York. N. Y. (Edgewater. N. J.). 
222 W. Washington Square, Philadelphia, Pa. (Bristol, 

Pa ). 
500 5th Ave., New York, N. Y. (Erie, Pa., Joliet, 111.). 
86 Forrest St., Jersey City, N. J. 
640 N. Broad St., Philadelphia, Pa. 
23d and Westmoreland Sts., Philadelphia, Pa. (Wyandotte, 

Mich.). 
524 W. 57th St., New York, N. Y. (Hobart, N. Y.). 

100 Bush St., San Francisco, Calif. (Martinez and Domin- 
guez, Calif.). 

101 Prospect Ave., N.W., Cleveland, Ohio. (Chicago, 111.). 
11-25 44th Road, Long Island, City, N. Y. 

11-21 St. Clair Place, New York, N. Y. 

105 N. 5th St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Syracuse, N. Y. (Geddes, N. Y.). 

745 5th Ave., New York, N. Y. (Brooklyn, N. Y.). 

2 Park Ave., New York, N. Y. (Linden, N. J.). 

Jacobus Ave., South Kearny, N. J. 

Huntington, W. Va. 

2534-2540 W. Madison St., Chicago, 111. 

Birmingham, Ala. 

57 Wilkinson Ave., Jersey City, N. J. 

5558 Ardmore Ave., Chicago, ill. 

N. Broad St., Phillipsburg, N. J. (Penn Yan, N. Y., 

Wyandotte, Mich.). 
P. O. Box 470, Norristown, Pa. (Betzwood, Pa.). 
1717 Douglas Ave., Kalamazoo, Mich. 

36 Barry St., Boston, Mass. 

157 Chambers St., New York, N. Y. (Brooklyn, N. Y.). 

McClellan St., Newark, N. J. 

60 E. 42d St., New York, N. Y. (Baltimore, Md.). 

386 4th Ave., New York, N. Y. 

315 4th Ave., New York, N. Y. (Elizabeth, N. J.). 

57 Wilkinson Ave., Jersev City, N. J. 

P. O. Box. 255, Niagara Falls, N. Y. 

1621 Carroll Ave., Chicago, 111. 

26 Verona Ave., Newark, N. J. 

141 W. Jackson Blvd., Chicago, 111. (Chicago Heights, HI.). 

West Norfolk, Va. 

2526 Baldwin St., St. Louis, Mo. 

Echo Lake Road, Watertown, Conn. 

405 Lexington Ave., New York, N. Y. (South Charleston, 

W. Va.). 
1201 Koppers Bldg., Pittsburgh, Pa. (Kearny, N. J.). 
3d and Bern Sts., Reading, Pa. 

1127 Irving Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
2701 Boston St., Baltimore, Md. 
Hastings-on-Hudson, N. Y. 



o