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Full text of "Synthetic organic chemicals : United States production and sales"

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UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC 

ORGANIC CHEMICALS IN 

THE UNITED STATES 

1937 



REPORT No. 132 

SECOND SERIES 




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BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 9999 06317 191 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC 

ORGANIC CHEMICALS IN 

THE UNITED STATES 



1937 



REPORT No. 132 

SECOND SERIES 



HI 




UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON : 1938 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D. C. -- ........ Price 10 cenlt 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



RAYMOND B. STEVENS, Chairman 
HENRY F. GRADY, Vice Chairman 
EDGAR B. BROSSARD 
OSCAR B. RYDER 
E. DANA DURAND 
A. MANUEL FOX 

SIDNEY MORGAN, Secretary 



Address All Communications 

UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

WASHINGTON, D. C. 



CONTENTS 

TEXT 

Page 

Acknowledgment v 

Introduction 1 






Part I 



Summary of United States production and sales of dyes and other synthetic 
organic chemicals, 1937: 

Coal-tar crudes 3 

Coal-tar intermediates 3 

Coal-tar dyes 4 

Color lakes and toners 4 

Medicinals 4 

Flavors and perfume materials 4 

Resins 4 

Chemicals for rubber 5 

Miscellaneous chemicals 5 

Summary of production and sales of coal-tar products 5 

Summary of production and sales of synthetic organic chemicals not of 

coal-tar origin 6 

Part II 

Production and sales of synthetic organic chemicals in the United States, 
1937: 

Coal-tar crudes 9 

Coal-tar intermediates 10 

Coal-tar dyes: 

Production and sales by types 20 

Production and sales by classes of application 33 

Color lakes and toners 34 

Medicinals 36 

Flavors and perfume materials 41 

Resins 44 

Rubber chemicals 45 

Miscellaneous chemicals 48 

APPENDIX 

Directory of manufacturers of dves and other synthetic organic chemicals, 

1937 1 54 

STATISTICAL TABLES 

1. Comparison of United States production of tar and production and 

sales of certain crudes, 1925-30, 1936, and 1937 „_ 3 

2. Intermediates, dyes, and other coal-tar chemicals: Summary of United 

States production and sales, 1937 5 

3. Intermediates, dyes, and certain other classes of coal-tar chemicals: 

Comparison of United States production and sales, 1925-30, 1936, 

and 1937 -— 6 

4. Synthetic organic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin: Summary of United 

States production and sales, 1937 6 

5. Synthetic organic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin: Comparison of 

United States production and sales, 1925-30, 1936, and 1937 7 

6. Coal-tar crudes: United States production and sales, 1937 10 

7. Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1937 11 

8. Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, 1937_._ 20 

m 



IV CONTENTS 

Page; 
9 Comparison of United States production and sales of dyes by classes of 

application, 1925-30, 1936, and 1937 33 

10. Color lakes and toners: United States production and sales, 1937 34 

11. Synthetic medicinals: United States production and sales, 1937: 

(A) Coal-tar 37 ; 

(B) Non-coal-tar 39 ; 

12. Synthetic flavors and perfume materials: United States production and 

sales, 1937: 

(A) Coal-tar 41 

(B) Xon-coal-tar 43 

13. Synthetic resins: United States production and sales, 1937: 

(A) Coal-tar 44 

(B) Non-coal-tar 45 

14. Synthetic rubber chemicals: United States production and sales, 1937: 

(A) Coal-tar 46 

(B) Non-coal-tar 47 

15. Miscellaneous synthetic chemicals: United States production and 

sales, 1937: 

(A) Coal-tar ■ 48 

(B) Non-coal-tar 49 



ACKNOWLEDGMENT 

In the preparation of this report, the Commission had the services 
of P. K. Lawrence and Bertha M. Robertson, of the Chemical Division, 
and of others. 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC 
CHEMICALS 



INTRODUCTION 

The data on the domestic production and sales of dyes and other 
synthetic organic chemicals for 1937 contained in this annual report 
were collected and compiled by the United States Tariff Commission. 
The Commission considers that the value of such information to gov- 
ernmental agencies and to the public warrants its collection and publi- 
cation. 

This report has been abridged in order to expedite publication and to 
effect economies in printing. Detailed tabulation of imports of dyes 
and other coal-tar products into the United States has been omitted 
to avoid duplication of the semiannual list of imports, published 
jointly by the Department of Commerce and the Tariff Commission. 
Statistics of imports and exports as published in Foreign Commerce 
and Navigation of the United States have also been omitted. 

The grouping of coal-tar crudes, intermediates, dyes, and color lakes 
and toners follows that of the Tariff Act of 1930 and conforms in gen- 
eral, although not in every detail, to common practice. Azoic dyes, 
formerly listed under the heading "Unclassified dyes," and their com- 
ponents, formerly included under "Miscellaneous coal-tar products," 
have been combined under "Azoic dyes and their components" as a 
subgroup of "Unclassified dyes." The practice of grouping other syn- 
thetics, both coal-tar and non-coal-tar, by principal application, as was 
done in the 1936 report, is continued herein. This procedure applies 
to medicinals, flavors and perfume materials, resins, rubber chemicals, 
and miscellaneous products. 

The statistics for 1937 were compiled from returns of 308 companies 
and are thought to form a complete record of the manufacture of such 
products in the United States. Data for separate items are given in as 
great detail as is possible without disclosing the operations of individ- 
ual manufacturers. The policy of the Commission is to omit produc- 
tion and sales figures for a product or group of products unless at least 
three firms report a substantial output. If the total is not well dis- 
tributed among three or more manufacturers, production or sales fig- 
ures are not published. Every effort is made to avoid duplication of 
figures and it is believed that there is no duplication of production or 
sales statistics either for individu.il oroducts or groups of products. 



Part 1 



SUMMARY OF UNITED STATES PRODUCTION AND SALES 
OF DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 

1937 



COAL-TAR CRUDES 

The output of coal tar in the United States in 1937, as reported 
to the Bureau of Mines, was 603,053,000 gallons as compared with 
560,386,000 gallons in 1936. Sales totaled 386,648,000 gallons at an 
average of 4.8 cents per gallon. About 50 percent of the 1937 pro- 
duction was distilled for the recovery of the several constituents and 
in addition substantial quantities were topped to recover naphthalene 
and the tar acids. Some crude tar was burned as fuel at or near the 
point of production. 

Table 1 compares the production and sales of coal tar, benzol, 
motor benzol, naphthalene, and creosote oil in 1937 with 1936 and 
with the average for 1925-30. 

Table 1. — Comparison of United Stales production of tar and production and sales 
of certain crudes, 1925-30, 1936, and 1937 



Product 



192.5-30 
average 



1936 



1937 



Percent 

increase 

1937 over 

1936 



Tar produced thousands of gallons.. 

Benzol: 

Production do 

Sales -do 

Sales value ..thousands of dollars.. 

Motor benzol: 

Production ...thousands of gallons.. 

Sales. do 

Sales value thousands of dollars.. 

Naphthalene: 

Production thousands of pounds.. 

Sales do 

Sales value. .thousands of dollars.. 

Creosote oil: 

Production thousands of gallons.. 

Sales do 

Sales value ..thousands of dollars. . 



630, 536 

22, 257 

22, 257 

4,651 

96, 879 
96, 879 
15,920 

44, 762 

44, 762 

581 

95, 443 

95, 443 
11,742 



560, 386 

19,413 
19,145 
2,676 

85, 673 

84, 762 

7,629 

89, 536 

74, 054 

1,466 

101, 758 
93. 216 
10, 294 



603. 053 

i 26, 795 

22, 141 

2,928 

95, 627 

93, 767 

8,385 

115,979 

109, 394 

2,535 

107, 294 

107, 485 

12, 472 



7.9 

38.0 
15.6 
9.4 

11.5 
10.6 



29.6 
47.7 
72.9 

5.4 
15.3 
21.2 



i Includes 5,135 thousand gallons reported to the U. S. Tariff Commission. This amount accounts for 
26.4 percent of the increase. 

COAL-TAR INTERMEDIATES 

Peak production of intermediates, both in quantity and variety, 
was reported for 1937. The output totaled 575,893,000 pounds, or 
about 13 percent more than for 1936. Most of the intermediates 

86997—38 2 3 



4 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

were produced in greater quantities although those used in synthetic 
resins show the largest gains. As compared with 1936, phenol 
production increased 35 percent, phthalic anhydride 45 percent, andi 
outstanding increases are shown for the substituted phenols, meta- 
cresol, cresylic acid, chlorinated diphenyls, maleic anhydride, and 
the xylenols. 

COAL-TAR DYES 

Coal-tar dyes were produced in slightly greater quantity in 1937.! 
Sales of classified dyes decreased about 1.5 percent in quantity and 
2.2 percent in value, while the unclassified dyes show a 14 percent; 
increase in sales quantity and an 11 percent increase in sales value i 
over the preceding year. 

The components for azoic dyes, formerly included in "Miscella- 
neous coal-tar products" are included in the azoic dyes under the; 
heading "Unclassified dyes." This transfer accounts for a large 
part of the increase in 1937. 

COLOR LAKES AND TONERS 

The output of color lakes and toners in 1937 was 18,041,000 pounds 
or 17.5 percent more than in 1936. Sales totaled 15,263,000 pounds 
valued at $11,812,000, or 12 percent by quantity and 16 percent by 
value over the previous year. More detail as to types is shown in 
this report, and phosphomolybdic acid lakes and toners are shown 
separately for the first time. 

MEDICINALS 

This important group of synthetics continues to increase in quantity 
and variety. Production of medicinals of coal-tar origin in 1937 
totaled 14,800,000 pounds and those of non-coal-tar origin 1,814,000 
pounds. Sales of coal-tar medicinals were 11,989,000 pounds valued 
at $11,496,000 and those not of coal-tar origin amounted to 1,442,000 
pounds valued at $2,408,000. Sales of aspirin increased 25 percent 
in quantity over the preceding year. Outstanding increases are noted 
for sulfanilamide and mandelic acid, both of which were minor items 
in 1936. 

FLAVORS AND PERFUME MATERIALS 

In 1937 the output of coal-tar flavors and perfume materials in- 
creased 25 percent and those not of coal-tar origin increased more 
than 50 percent over the preceding year. Sales of those of coal-tar 
origin totaled 3,907,000 pounds valued at $3,983,000, or 14 percent 
more by quantity and 24 percent more by value than in 1936. Sales 
of non-coal-tar flavors and perfume materials increased 35 percent 
by quantity and 19 percent by value over 1936. 

RESINS 

Increased production and sales of synthetic resins are again re- 
ported and several new types have appeared on the market. Resins 
from coal tar increased 21 percent in production to an all-time peak 
of 142,025,000 pounds (net resin), and those not derived from coal 
tar increased in output to 21,006,000 pounds or 35 percent over 1936. 

The only group showing decreased activity in 1937 was the cast 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS O 

phenolic resins, the output of which declined about 11 percent as 
compared with the preceding year. 

CHEMICALS FOR RUBBER 

These important synthetics, as a group, were produced in somewhat 
smaller quantities in 1937 than in 1936. Except for coal-tar anti- 
oxidants, the output of which increased about 5 percent over 1936, 
all groups report less activity during the past year. 

MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 

Miscellaneous synthetic chemicals consist of products not properly 
classified under any of the foregoing groups. Like other groups, they 
are divided into those of (a) coal-tar origin, and (b) non-coal-tar 
origin. Those of coal- tar origin include individual products and 
groups of products, which if imported would be classified as inter- 
mediates under paragraph 27 of the Tariff Act of 1930, and others 
which would be classified as photographic chemicals, synthetic tanning 
materials, and others under paragraph 28. Those of non-coal-tar 
origin include many important but unrelated products widely used in 
industry and the arts. 

SUMMARY OF PRODUCTION AND SALES OF COAL-TAR PRODUCTS 

Table 2 summarizes the production and sales of coal-tar products 
in 1937, and table 3 compares the production and sales in 1937 with 
1936 and with the average for 1925-30. 



Table 2. — Intermediates, dyes, and other coal-tar chemicals: Summary of United 
States production and sales, 1937 




Number 
of manu- 
facturers 


Production 


Sales 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Intermediates 


55 
230 


Pounds 
575, 893, 133 
373, 063, 335 


Pounds 
242, 194, 435 
315,742,113 


$35, 638, 618 
128, 735, 576 


$0. 15 


| Finished products, total ' 


.41 


Dyes: 

Classified.. 




104, 499, 596 
17, 744, 983 


101, 585, 568 
16, 460, 559 


45, 452, 524 
19, 160, 390 


.45 


Unclassified > 




1. 16 


Total 


43 

50 
47 
28 
71 
10 
43 




122, 244, 579 


118,046,127 


64, 612, 914 


.55 


Color lakes and toners 




18, 040, 575 
14, 799, 821 
4, 356. 293 
142, 024, 541 
29, 202, 343 
42, 395, 183 


15, 262, 876 
11,989,359 
3,907,217 
109,201,349 
20, 909, 372 
36, 425, 813 


11,812,200 
11,496,045 
3, 982, 507 
20, 582, 156 
8, 193, 890 
8, 055, 864 


.77 


Medicinals 


.96 


Flavors and perfume materials.. 


1.02 


Resins 1 


. 19 


Rubber chemicals 


.39 


Miscellaneous chemicals 3 _. 


.22 






1 Does not include resins from adipic ac 
i and sulfonamides. 

2 Includes azoic dyes (rapid fast and rapid 
'AS derivatives). 

3 Includes benzoate of ammonia, benzoa 
indicators, poisonous and tear gases, synth 
tanning materials, textile assistant'-, and ot 


d, coumar 

ogene dyes 

te of soda 
;tic insecti 
tiers. Doe 


one and inden 

) and their com 

, benzoyl perc 
;ides, phthalat 
3 not include c 


e, hydrocarbor 

ponents (fast c 

xide, biologies 
es, photograph 
jmponents for 


, styrol, succi 

olor salts and e 

il stains and < 
ic chemicals, s 
azoic dyes. 


aic acid, 

aphthol 

hemical 
ynthetie 



6 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 3. — Intermediates, dyes, and certain other classes 1 of coal-tar chemicals 
Comparison of United States production and sales, 1925-30, 1936, and 1937 



1925-30 
aver- 
age 



Increase, 

1937 over 

1936 



Intermediates: 

Production thousands of pounds.. 

Sales do 

Sales value. thousands of dollars.. 

Finished coal-tar products: 

Production thousands of pounds.. 

Sales. do 

Sales value thousands of dollars.- 

Dyes: 

Production... .thousands of pounds.. 

Sales .- do 

Sales value thousands of dollars.. 

Medicinals: 

Production thousands of pounds.. 

Sales do 

Sales value ..thousands of dollars.. 

Flavors and perfume materials: 

Production ...thousands of pounds. . 

Sales do 

Sales value thousands of dollars.. 

Resins: 

Production.. thousands of pcunds.. 

Sales do 

Sales value thousands of dollars.. 



267, 492 
109, 133 
22, 408 

138, 078 
133, 964 
65, 027 

94, 003 
92, 207 
39, 428 

4,508 
4,106 
7,464 

3,966 
3,919 
2,901 

8 24, 442 
8 22, 135 
s 7,756 



509, 706 

223, 119 

31, 806 

2 3 336, 348 
2 3 287, 276 
2 3 120, 765 

« 119,523 

« 117, 573 

a 63, 686 

12, 034 
10, 079 
9,763 

3,481 
3.437 
3,220 

3 117.302 
3 86, 214 
3 17,056 



575, 893 

242, 191 

35,639 

2 * 373, 063 
2 4 315, 742 
2 * 128, 736 

> « 122. 245 

5 8 118,046 

5 « 64, 613 

14, 800 
11,989 
11, 496 

4,356 
3,907 
3,983 

4 142, 025 
4 109, 201 
4 20, 582 



Percent , 
13. or 

8.51 

12. 1 

10.9 
9.9 
6.6 

P> 

o 

o 

23.0 
19.0 
17.8 

25.1 
13.7 

23.7 

21.1 
26.7 
20.7 



1 See text for changes in classifications made, from time to time, in the groups listed above. 

2 Includes color lakes and toners, rubber chemicals, and miscellaneous coal-tar chemicals not shown 
separately. 

3 Does not include resins from coumarone and indene, hydrocarbon, styrol, and sulfonamides. 

4 Does not include resins from adipic acid, coumarone and indene, hydrocarbon, styrol, succinic acid, 
and sulfonamides. 

5 Includes azoic dyes (rapid fast and rapidogene dyes) formerly included in the miscellaneous group. 

6 Includes components for azoic dyes, formerlyi ncluded i n the miscellaneous group. 

7 Not on comparable basis. 

8 Average for 1927-30. 

SUMMARY OF PRODUCTION AND SALES OF SYNTHETIC ORGANIC 
CHEMICALS NOT OF COAL-TAR ORIGIN 

Table 4 summarizes the production and sales in 1937 of the several 
groups of synthetic organic chemicals not of coal-tar origin. Only a 
small part of the total output can be broken down into the several 
subgroups. Table 5 compares the output and sales of all non-coal-tar 
synthetics in 1937 with the preceding year and with the average for 
the period 1925-30. 



Table 4. — Synthetic organic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin: Summary of United 
Slates production and sales, 1937 





Number 
of manu- 
facturers 


Production 


Sales 




Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Medicinals 

Flavors and perfume materials 

Resins 


37 
27 
16 
89 


Pounds 

1, 814, 035 

1, 802, 767 

21,005,869 

2, 505, 027, 014 


Pounds 

1, 442, 070 

1, 560, 469 

18, 891, 277 

1, 146, 255, 397 


$2, 408, 371 

1,024.435 

5, 680, GOO 

110, 306, 424 


$1.67 
.66 
.30 


Miscellaneous '.. 


.10 






Total 


2, 529, 649, 685 


1, 168, 149, 213 


119,419,830 


.10 









1 Includes non-coal-tar rubber chemicals and all other non-coal-tar synthetic organic chemicals. 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 7 

Table 5. — Synthetic organic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin: Comparison of United 
States production and sales, 1925-30, 1936, 1937 



Production thousands of pounds.. 

Sales thousands of pounds. . 

Sales value.. thousands of dollars.. 



1925-30 
average 



379, 972 
264, 006 
44, 499 



1936 



2.041,455 

1,034,921 

105, 832 



1937 



2, 529, 050 

1, 168, 149 

119,420 



Increase, 

1937 over 

1936 



Percent 
23.9 
12.9 
12.8 



Part II 

PRODUCTION AND SALES OF SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMI- 
CALS IN THE UNITED STATES, 1937 



COAL-TAR CRUDES 

Statistics of production of coal tar in 1937, collected and compiled 
by the Bureau of Mines, show an output of 603,053,000 gallons as com- 
pared with 560,386,000 gallons in 1936. Sales totaled 386,648,000 
gallons or about 64 percent of the output. The unit sales price in 
1937 was 4.8 cents per gallon as against 4.3 cents in 1936. 

Tar distilled by purchasers thereof amounted to 335,434,000 
gallons, or 4 percent more than in 1936. 

The output of crude naphthalene was 115,979,000 pounds as com- 
pared with 89,536,000 pounds in 1936. Average sales price was 2.3 
cents per pound in 1937 and 2 cents per pound in 1936. Continued 
increasing demand for tar acids, principally by makers of synthetic 
resins, resulted in sharp increases in the output of phenol, the cresols, 
and cresylic acid. An important development in raw materials for 
synthetic resins in 1937 was the first commercial production of para- 
cresol. 

Table 6 shows statistics of domestic production and sales in 1937 of 
coal tar, the quantities of the several lands of tar distilled, the pro- 
duction and sales of light oil and derivatives thereof, and of the 
products of tar distillation and processing. These data were collected 
ifrom producers of tar by the Bureau of Mines and from purchasers of 
tar by the Tariff Commission. 



10 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 6. — Coal-tar crudes: x United States production and sales, 1937 

[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on p. 
64. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification numbeii 
with the designated product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that the statistics, 
of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information with regard to individual firms.'.! 

Tar distilled by purchasers thereof: 2 

Oil-gas tar, 13,033,678 gallons $680. 465 

Water-gas tar, 17,441,254 gallons „ --- 822, 434 

Coal tar, 304.959,372 gallons - 16,737,898J 

Total, 335,434,304 gallons- - 18, 240, 797; 



Manufacturers' identifica- 
tion numbers (according 
to list on p. 54) 



Production 
(quantity) 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value! 



Tar 3 ...gallons.. 

Light oil derivatives: 

Crude light oil do 

Benzol (except motor ben- 
zol) do 

Motor benzol 3 do 

Toluol, crude and re- 
fined 3 do — 

Solvent naphtha do 

Xylol 3 do.... 

Other light oil products 4 
do_... 
Naphthalene, crude and re- 
fined 6 _ pounds.. 

Anthracene, crude (less than 

30 percent) 2 do — 

Cumene 2 gallons.. 

Cresylic acid (less than 7"o per- 
cent) 2 do 

High residue oils 2 do 

Pitch paint 2 .do 

Pyridine 2 ..do 

Creosote oil do 



Tars, crude and refined 2 .do— 

Tars, road 2 do... 

Other distillates 6 do... 

Pitch of tar tons... 

Pitch of tar coke 2 ... do- 



ll, 58, 69, 106, 119, X. 
22,34,64,158,178—. 



22, 34, 57, 64, 124, 158, 185, 186. 



22,34,64, 158, 178 

22, 58, 119, 124, 178, 185, 186, 189 



603, 053, 288 

187, 103, 087 
26, 795, 497 

95, 526, 695 

20, 896, 724 
7,077,114 
4, 562, 344 

12,842,115 

115,979,238 



386, 648, 478 

11,153,337 

3 22,140,936 

93, 767, 208 

20, 173, 723 
6, 343, 220 
4, 245, 316 

11, 806, 798 

109, 394, 319 



$18, 456, 483 

962, 836 
3 2, 928, 471 

8, 384, 863 

5, 350, 087 

1, 295, 500 
1, 176, 723 

1,871,115 

2, 534, 526 



185. 
22.. 



22,186 

124 

185 

22 185 

ll| 22, "27," 57," 58769," \W>, 

113, 119, 124, 127, 158, 

186, 189, X. 
22, 27, 57, 58, 106, 113, 

124, 158, 178, 185, 186, 
11, 22, 69, 106, 113, 124, 

185, 186, 189, X. 
11, 22, 57, 69, 106, 119, 124, 

185, 186, 189, X, X. 
11,22,27,57,58,69, 106, 

119, 124, 127, 185, 186, 15 
11, 22, 69, 113, 124, 172, 

186. 



110,' 
185, 

119, 

189. 
178, 

172, 

113, 
9, X 
185, 



107, 293, 751 

23, 756, 212 

155, 088, 720 

34, 550, 805 

893, 715 

181, 495 



107, 485, 199 

23, 144, 241 

155, 745, 590 

8, 313, 627 

315, 443 

91, 983 



12, 472, 500 

1, 711, 437 
12, 907, 947 
1, 406, 736 
4, 382, 466 
1,131,812 



$0. 048' 



. 086j 

.132 



.265 
.204 

.277 

.158 
.023 



.116 

.074 
.083 
.169 
13.89 
12.30 



Total. 



76, 973, 502 



i Data for coke ovens reported to Bureau of Mines, and for tar refineries and others to United States 
Tariff Commission, unless otherwise noted. 

2 Reported to United States Tariff Commission only. 

3 Reported to Bureau of Mines only. 
* Includes motor benzol, toluol, xylol, and sales of benzol reported to United States Tariff Commission 

and other light oil products repoited to Bureau of Mines. 

s Includes crude and refined naphthalene reported to Bureau of Mines and crude naphthalene reported 
to United States Tariff Commission. 

6 Includes crude tar acids, reported to United States Taiiff Commission, and Bureau of Mines, and 
phenol and sodium phenolate reported to Bureau of Mines. 

COAL-TAK INTERMEDIATES 



The peak production of 575,893,000 pounds of coal-tar inter- 
mediates represents an increase of 13 percent over 1936. Sales totaled 
242,194,000 pounds valued at $35,639,000, or an average of 15 cents per 
pound. The difference between production and sales is due to large 
consumption by the maker in the manufacture of finished products. 
There were 55 makers of intermediates in 1937 as against 58 makers 
in 1936. 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



11 



Outstanding gains in this group are shown by intermediates used in 
synthetic resins. Phenol output totaled 65,690,000 pounds, or 35 per- 
cent more than in 1936, and was a peak peace-time production. 
Production of phthalic anhydride increased 45 percent over the 
preceding year to 45,211,000 pounds. The cresols and maleic anhy- 
dride, shown separately for the first time, both record appreciable 
increases in output. Commercial production of several phenol 
derivatives was reported for the first time. Other raw materials for 
synthetic resins made in increased quantity include tertiary amyl 
phenol, tertiary butyl phenol, chloro-o-phenyl phenol, bis-phenol 
(p-p-dihydroxy diphenyl -dimethyl methane), and dichorophenol. 

Production of technical benzoic acid increased about 30 percent, 
mixed cresols more than 30 percent, paradichlorobenzene 22 percent, 
and b-hydroxy naphthoic acid 21 percent. Other outstanding gains 
are noted for benzotrichloride, benzyl chloride, cliloronapthalene, 
diphenyl and its derivatives, and the xylenols. Most of the inter- 
mediates for dyes were produced in slightly greater quantities than 
in 1936. 

Table 7 shows production and sales of coal-tar intermediates in 1937. 



Table 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1987 

|The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on 
p. 54. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification num- 
ber with the designated product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that the sta- 
tistics of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information with regard to individual 
firms. The figures thus concealed, however, are included in the total] 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (accord- 
ing to list on p. 54) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


p- Acetaminobenzene sulfonamide 

p-Acetaminobenzene sulfonyl chloride 


X. 


Pounds 


Pounds 






X 










45,64,86,141 

37,219 


210, 848 
















Acetoacet-o-chloroanilide ... 


64,219 










70 










Acetotoluide. 


34,148 










7 










Acetyl-p-phenylenediamine (p-amino acet- 

anilide). 
Acetyl-p-phenylenediamine sulfonic acid 


5, 45, 64, 86, 148 

86 - - 


239, 756 














64, 16S, X... 












64, 148 










l-Amino-4-acetylamino-6 and 7-naphthyl- 
amine sulfonic acid (acetylamino Cleve's 
acid). 


148. 










64,86,148 












64,86, 148-.- 










Aminoazobenzene and hvdrochloride 


7, 34, 64, 86, 148 

7, 34, 45, 64, 86, 148, 

171. 
7,148 


173,461 
122,011 














Aminoazobenzene disulfonic acid 








34, 45, 64, 86, 148, 

171. 
64, 148. 


216, 391 


















86,148 .. 












7,34 












64 










o-Aminobenzoic acid (anthranilic acid) 


62, 64, 86. 










64 








Amino-5-benzovlaminoanthraquinone 

2(4-Aniinobenzoylamino) 5-aminotoluene 


64... 








64 








148 -- 










64.171 










64, 86, 148, 171 50, 593 
64 








p-Aminobenzovl-m-phenvlenediamine _ 

m-Aminobenzoyl-p-tolylenediamine 








64. 1 









86997—38 3 



12 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1937 — C( 



Name of intermediate 



Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (accord- 
ing to list on p. 54) 



Produc- 
tion 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
valui 



l-Amino-2-bromo-4-p-toluidine anthraqui- 

none. 
Aminobutyrylaminodiethyl hydroquinone - 

l-Amino-6-chloroanthraquinone 

Amino-4-chlorophenol... 

2-Amino-4-chlorotoluene- 

2- Amino-3-chlorotoluene 

m-Aminoeresol methyl ether 

l-Amino-2:4-dibromoanthraquinone 

2-Amino-5-diethylaminotoluene hydrochlo- 
ride. 

p-Aminodiethylaniline 

p-Aminodiethyl benzaldehyde 

p-Aminodimethylaniline 

p-Aminodiphenylamine 

Aminodiphenylamine sulfonic acid 

Aminodiphenyl ether 

p-Aminoethylbenzylaniline sulfonic acid 

l-Amino-2-methyl-4-p-toluidine anthraqui- 
none. 

1:7-Aminonaphthol 

l-Amino-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid 

l-Amino-8-naphthol-l-sulfonic acid 

l-Amino-8-naphthol-2:4-disulfonic acid (Chi- 
cago acid). 
l-Amino-8-naphthol-3:6-disulfonic acid (H 

acid). 
2-Amino-5-naphthol-7-sulfonic acid (J acid). 
2-Amino-8-naphthol-C-sulfonic acid (gamma 
acid). 

Amino-2-naphthol-6:8-disulfonic acid 

2-Amino-8-naphthol-3:6-disulfonic acid (2 R 

acid) . 
Amino-l-naphthylamine-6 and 7-sulfonic 
acid (amino Cleve's acid). 

o-Aminophenol 

o-Aminophenol sulfonic acid 

p-Aminophenol and hydrochloride 

p-Aminophenylammonium -hydroxide 

m-Aminophenylpyrazolone carboxylic acid. 
p-Aminophenyl-p-tolylamine sulfonic acid.. 

Aminopyrazolone-— 

Aminosalicylic acid 

Amyl naphthalenes 

Amyl phenol (p-tert iary) 

l-Anilido-2-carboxylic acid anthraquinone.. 

Aniline disulfonic acid 

Aniline hydrocholride and sulfate 

Aniline methane sulfonic acid 

Aniline oil 

Aniline omega sulfonic acid 

Anisic acid _. 

o-Anisidine 

c-Anisidine omega sulfonic acid 

p-Anisidine „ 

Anthracene, refined 

Anthranilic acid. (See o-Aminobenzoic 

acid.) 

Anthraquinone (100 percent) 

A nthraquinone-a-sulfonic acid 

Anthraquinone-l:5-disulfonic acid. 

Anthraquinone-l:8-disulfonic acid 

A nthraquinone-2:6-disulfonic acid 

Anthraquinone-l:8-potassium disulfonate... 

Anthraquinone- 1-sodium sulfonate 

Anthraquinone-2-sodium sulfonate (silver 

salt). 

Anthraquinone-2:fi-disulfonate 

A nthraquinone 2:7-disulfonate 

1 :9-Anthrathiazol-2-carbonyl chloride 

Azobenzene 

Azoxyaniline ~ 

Benzaldehyde, tech ..I.I" 

Benzaldehyde disulfonic acid '..'..'. 

Benzanthrone.. 



64. 



Pounds 



Pounds 



171 

64 

148 

64, 148. 
64, 148. 

45 

64, 148. 
70 



70,86 

64 

70,224.... 

64 

45, 86, 148. 

171. 

64 

64. 



64.. 

45, 64, 86, 148. 
45,64,148.... 
45,64,148.... 



64, 86, 145, 148. 



5,45,64,148-. 
45, 64, 86, 148_ 



1,367,419 
74, 161 
181,431 

3. 382, 396 

551, 956 
1,081,751 



64, 148_ 



IA 



64,70,224,232 

45,148 

34, 45, 64, 70, 224, 

232. 
X 



19, 226 



$21,541 



$1. 12 



743, 321 



461, 984 



. 65 



171 

45 

171, X.... 
7, 45, 148. 
X... 



20,665 



X 

64 

45,64, 148 

34, X 

86, 171 

34, 62, 64, 141, 145, 
148, X. 

148, 171 

X 



24, 892 



38, 850, 344 



14,720,211 



1, 667, 159 



64, 145 

86, 148, 171. 
64, 145, 148. 
185 



13, 682 



34, 148 

86, 148.... 

64,86 

86 

86, 148.... 

64- 

64 

7, 64, 148. 



64 

148.... 

64 

X 

171 

101, X. 



7, 34, 64, 86, 148, 
167. 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 13 

Table 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1937 — Con. 



Name of intermediate 



Benzene sodium disulfonate 

Benzidine, base 

Benzidine hydrochloride and sulfate 

Benzidine sulfonic acid 

Benzidine disulfonic acid 

Benzoic acid, tech 

Benzotrichloride 

l-Benzoylamino-4-chloroanthraquinone 

l-Benzoylamino-5-chloroanthraquinone 

5-Benzoylamino-l:l-dianthramide 

l-Benzoylamino-5-p-toluene sulfonic anthra- 

quinone. 

Benzoyl benzoic acid 

Benzoyl chloride -. 

Benzoyl J acid -. 

Benzyl chloride 

Benzyl disulfide 

Broenner's acid. (See 2-Naphthylamine-6- 

sulfonic acid.'). 

Bromobenzanthrone 

Bromobenzene 

p-Bromomethylaminoanthraquinone 

p-Bromophenol 

Butyl phenol (p-tertiary) 

Chicago acid. (See l-Amino-8-naphthol- 

2:4-disulfonic acid.). 

o-Chloroacetoacetanilide 

Chloroacetoacetylnaphthylamide 

l-Chloro-5-aminoanthraquinone 

l-Chloro-8-aminoanthraquinone 

o-Ch!oroaminobenzoic acid 

Chlcroaminopheuol sulfonic acid 

5-Chloro-2-aminotoluene hydrochloride 

m-Chloronailine --- 

o-Chloroaniline - 

p-Chloroaniline 

p-Chloroaniline sulfonic acid. 

2-0 hloroaniline-5-sulfonic acid 

Chloroanisidine 

Chloroanisidine methylene 

Chloroanthraquinone .. 

o-Chlorobenzaldehyde... 

Chlorobenzanthrone... 

Chloro benzene (mono) 

o-Chlorobenzoic acid 

Chlorobenzoyl benzoic acid.. 

l-Chloro-2-carboxyanthraquinone 

p-Chloro-m-cre'sol 

2-Chloro-l:4-dihydroxy anthraquinone 

(chloroquinizarin) 

Chlorometanilic acid 

Chloromethylanthraquinone 

Chloronaphthalenes 

o-Chloro-p-nitroaniline 

p-Chloronitroaniline 

l-Chloro-5-nitroanthraquinone 

l-Chloro-8-nitroanthraquinone 

4-Chloro-2-nitrotoluene 

6-Chloro-2-nitrotoluene 

o-ChlorophenoL - 

p-Chlorophenol --- 

Chlorophenylhydrazine-p-sulfonic acid 

Chlorophenylmethylpyrazolone sulfonic 

acid 

2-Chloro-o-phenylphenol 

2-Ohloro-6-phenylphenol and sodium salt.. 

4-Cbloro-fi-phenylphenol 

Chlorosulfophenylmethylpyrazolone 

Chloro symmetrical xylenol 

Chlorotoluene 

o-Chloro-p-toluene sodium sulfonate. 

Chloro-o-toluidine 

4-Chloro-2-toluidine methylene 

Chlorotoluidine sulfonic acid 

, 2-Chloro-4-toluidine-5-sulfonic acid 

Chlorotolylthioglycollic acid 

p-Chloro-p-xylidine 



Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (accord- 
ing to list on p. 54) 



64 

45,64, 148 

5, 34, 64, 70, 86, 148. 

7,45 

45, 145, 171, X 

64, 101, 105, 145_... 

101, 105, 145 

64,86 

64 

64... 

64 



34,64, 148 

105, X 

45 

101, 105, X, X. 
105 



62, 70. 



37 

171 

64, 148... 

64 

X.. 

45, 64, 86. 
64 

86, 145.... 
145, 224... 
145, 224... 



105, 171,224. 

171 

34,64,86, 148 

86, 148 

7, 148 

62,64,105,145,201. 

148.X 

34,64,86, 148 

64 

22. 



7, 148. 

64, 148 

34, 64, 148. 

105, X 

34,62,64.. 

64, 224 

64 

64. 

64.... 

64, 148 

145 

62, 145 

86... 



62 

62 

64 

22 
64\T05~,~148\~. 

145 

64,148 

171 

34, 45, 64, X. 

64 

64,86, 148... 
64 



Produc- 
tion 



Pounds 



1, 539, 383 



6,165 
125, 444 



1,181,079 



337, 650 



1,115,075 



52, 862 



186, 691 



304, 240 



312, 205 



Quantity 



Pounds 



121, 394 



Value 



$43, 607 



Unit 
value 



$0. 36 



14 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1937 — Con 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (accord- 
ing to list on p. 54) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
vain 


p-ChloroxylylthioglycolIic acid 


64,86 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Chronotropic acid. (See l:8-Dihydroxy 
naphthalene-3:6-disulfonic acid.) 

Cleve's acid. (See l-Naphthylamine-6 and 
7-sulfonic acid.) 

•Copper phthalocyanine urea salt 


64 












64 










m-Cresol 


22, X 












22, 185, X 












22, 209 












22, 185, X 












22, 34, 124, 185, X.. 
62, 148 


13, 745, 271 


13, 251, 345 


$1,071,965 


$6.d 


o-Cresotinic acid. 


Cresylie acid (refined) 


22, 124, 185, X 












23, 148, 207 












70 










Cvclohexvlamine _.- 


145 












64 










Dehydrothio-p-toluidine sulfonic acid 


64, 148. 












224 












7, 64, 148 












64 












64 












171. 










Diaminodiinethvlphen\lacridine 


171... 










4'4-l>iannno-2:2-diniethvldiphenvlniethane. 


148 










Diaminodiphenylamine sulfonic acid 


5, 45 












7, 171 










l:8-I>iamino-4:5-dimtro anthraquinone 


64 












34 










Diaminostilbene disulfonic acid 


64,86, 148 


180, 819 








l:5-I)ianilidoanthraquinone-o-o-dicarboxylic 
acid (dicarboxylic-an thraquinone) 


64... 










45, 64 












64 












64 










l:l-Dianthraquinone imine-4:4-dibenzoyl 


64. 








l:l-Dianthraquinone imine 4:5-dibenzoyl 


64 












64. 












86 












45, 64, 148 












64,86, 148 












64 












34, 64 












64 












64 












64 












64 












64 












62 












64 












171 












37 












45, 64, 105, 145, 148, 

224. 
86 


231, 308 


79, 387 


31, 309 


.39 








64,86,148,171 

64,86 


35, 776 


















64.. 












64 












62,64,105,145 

62,64,105,145,201.. 
64 


3, 209, 179 
11, 705, 376 


2, 881, 138 
11, 118, 594 


147. 129 
1,095,118 


.05 




.10 








171 










l:8-Dichloro-4:.")-(linitroanthraquinone 


64. 












171 












171 












145. 












171. 










Dichlorosulfopheuvlpvrazolone 


45 










Dichlorosulfophenvlmethylpyrazolone 


64 












145 










Diith vlaminobenzaldehyde 


70,86,148. 










Disthvl-m-aminophenol . 


64, X . 










Diethvlaniline _ 


64, 148 










Diethylaniline-m-sulfonic acid 


G4.X. 











DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 15 

Table 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1937 — Con. 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (accord- 
ing to list on p. 54) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


l:4-Dihydroxyantbraquinone (quinizarin).. 

l:5-Dihydroxy anthraquinone (anthrarufin). 
l:8-Dihydroxy anthraquinone (chrysazin) _ . 
p-p-Dihydroxydiphenyldimethylme thane 

(bis-phenol). 
5:5-Dihydroxy-7:7-disulfonie-2:2-dinaph- 

thvlamine (Rhoduline acid). 
5:5-Dihydroxy-7:7-d is u 1 f o n i c-2:2-d i na p h- 

thylurea (J acid urea) . 


5, 7, 16, 64, 86, 148, 

171,234 
64,86, 148, 171, X... 
64,86 


Pounds 
205, 544 

162, 127 


Pounds 


















62 -.. 










5,64.. 










45,64,86,148.. 

64,86,148 


207, 396 














l:8-Dihydroxynaphthalene-3:6-disulfonic 

acid (chromotropic acid). 
5:5-Dihydroxy-di-b-naphthylamine-7:7-di- 

sulfonic acid (I acid imide). 


45,64,148 










148 - 










64 












34, 64, 148 . 


3, 510, 106 
55, 983 










34,64,86,148 -- 

34,64,145, 148- 


















7 












64 










Dinitroanthrarufin disodium sulfonate 


64. . 










34.64,148 


1, 873, 430 










45,86-.. 










34,64.86,145,148.-. 
64 


7, 009, 768 
















4:8-Dinitro-l:5-dinitrophenyl ether anthra- 
quinone. 


64 










45,86 












7,64,86,148 -- 












64,86,148 


344,688 










64, 148 










86 










l:5-Dioxamino-4:8-dinitroanthraquinone 


64 










64 












64 
























64 . . 












62, 145, 171 










Diphenyl derivatives: 


145 












145 










3-Broruo-4-hydroxy and sodium salt 


62 










145 












64 












64 148, X 


44,590 










64 










148 












64 










l:8-Di-p-toIuidine anthraquinone 


64 . 












64 










-6-Ethoxy-3-hydroxy thionaphthalene 


64 










X 












64 












64, 148 












62 












X 












64, 148 












45, 64, 86, 148 
64, 148 


425, 979 
















Ethylbenzyl-m-toluidine sulfonic acid 


64, 86, 148 .. 










62, X 












64, 148 












64 












64 












37 










Fast yellow L 


5 . 












64 












102, 152 












171 










Gamma acid. (See 2-Amino-8-naphthol-6- 

sulfonic acid.) 
Hacid. (See l-Amino-8-naphthol-3:6-disul- 

fonic acid.) 


62 










2:1-2: 1-IIydrazine dibromoanthraquinone... 
a-Hydroxyanthraquinone 


64 










7,64-.. 







16 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1937 — Con, 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (accord- 
ing to list on p. 54) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 

1 




64 


Pounds 


Pounds 






64, 86, 148 . . 


996, 909 


486, 894 


$482, 352 




$0. 99- 




64 




5 












5, 64 










Isopropyl ester of p-toluidine sulfonic acid.. 


64 












64 












7, 64 . 










Laurent's acid. (See l-Naphthylamine-5- 

sulfonic acid.) 
Lead trinitroresorcinate (lead styphnate) ... 


X 










Leuco-l:4-dimethyldiaminoanthraquinone.. 


64 










Leuco indophenol BCFN 


64... 












5, 7, 64, X .. 












8, 145, 148 


2. 114, 176 








Malic acid 


148 








Metanilic acid 


5, 45, 64, 86, 148 

171 


523, 561 








Methoxychlorobenzene diazoamino carboxy 








pyrrolidine. 
Methoxy omega sulfonic acid 


64. 










l-Methylamino-4-brornoanthraquinone 


64... 










4-Methy]-4-aminodiphenylamine-2-sulfonic 


86 










acid. 
1 - Meth vlamino - 4 - p -toluidine anthraqui- 


64 










none. 
Methvlaminoanthraquinone. 


86 










b-Methylanthraquinone 


34, 64 












148, X 










Methylene bismethyl 


X 










Michler's hydrol. (See Tetramothyldi- 

aminobenzhydrol.) 
Michler's ketone. (See Tetramethyldi- 

aminobenzophenone.) 
Naphthalene, solidifying 79° C. or above 

(refined, flake). 
From domestic crude 


22, 34, 57, 64, 185, 
196, 205, 230, X. 


52, 194, 379 

24, 999, 732 
27, 194, 647 


29, 656, 585 


1,893,257 


.06 


From imported crude 










Naphthalene sodium sulfonate 


86 








Naphthalene-! ■.fi-disodium sulfonate 


148 .. 










b-Naphthalene sulfonic acid 


64, 86. 148... 










1:5 Naphthalene disulfonic acid . 


45, 64, 86. 148 

64, 148, X 


305, 804 








2:7-Naphthalene disulfonic acid... 








Naphthalene-h-thiodvcollic acid 


64, 86 










Naphthalene-l :3:6-trisulfonic acid 


86 










Naphthionic acid. (See 1-Naphthylamine- 

4-snlfonic acid.) 
a-Naphthol 


45, 64, 86, 148. 

45 


1,159,511 


830, 355 


425,816 


.51 


a-Naphthol-3:6-disulfonic acid 




b-Naphthol, tech 


34, 148, X 










l-Naphthol-4-sulfonic acid (Nevile & 


5, 45, 64, 148 

45, 64, 86, 148 

148 


146, 302 
121,457 








Winther's acid). 
l-Naphthol-5-su' fonic acid 








l-Naphtho'-8-chloro-3:6-disulfonicacid(chloro 








Hacid). 
2-Naphthol sulfonic acid 


64 










2-Naphthol-6-sulfonic acid (Schae tier's acid). 
2-Naphthol-7-sulfonic acid 


5. 34, 45, 64, 148 

45, 64, X . 


175, 749 


24, 374 


10, 617 


.44 


2-Naphthol-8-sulfonic acid 


45 










2-Naphthol-3:6 disulfonic acid 


45, 64, 86, 148, X.._ 

45, 64, 86, 148 

45 


522, 222 
1, 199, 034 


153, 466 


82, 491 


.54 


2-Naphthol-6:8-disulfonic acid 




Naphthsulton sulfonic acid 1:8:3 










45 










b-Naphthovlacetonitrile _ 


70.. . 










a-Naphthyiamine 


64, 86, 148 


3, 281, 458 


387, 678 


127, 228 


.33 


a-Naphthylamine disulfonic acid 


64 




b-Naphthylamine 


64, 148 










l-Naphthylamine-2-sulfonic acid (o-naph<- 


64... 










thionic acid). 


45, 64, 148, X 










onicacid). 
l-Naphthyiamine-5-sulfonicacid (Laurent's 


5, 64,148 










acid). 
l-NaphthyIamine-6-sulfonic acid 


64, 148 










l-Naphthylamine-6 and 7-sulfouic acid 


5, 45, 64, 86 . 










(Cleve's acid). 
l-Naphthylamine-7-sulfonic acid 


45, 64, 148 












5, 64, 86, 148 

45,64,148 


246. 053 
86. 842 








l-Naphthylamine-3:8-disulfonicacid 









DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 17 

Table 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1937 — Con. 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (accord- 
ing to list on p. 54) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


1-Napht h vlamine4:8-disulfonic acid __ . 


45,64, 148. 


Pounds 
409, 235 


Pounds 






b-Naphthvlamine-2:3:6-disulfonic acid 


45. 








l-Naphthvlami'ie-3:6:8-trisulfonic acid 


64,86, 148 


4, 649, 858 
1, 155, 494 








2-Naphthylamine-l-sulfonic acid (Tobias 

acid). 
2-Naphthvlamine-6-sulfonic acid (Broen- 


5, 34, 45, 64, X 

64, 148... 


564, 978 


$365,211 


$0.61 


ner's acid). 
2-Napht hylamine-3:6-disulfonic acid _ _ 


148 










2-Naphthylamine-48-disulfonic acid 


64, 86, 148 


109, 460 

993. 920 

1, 624, 271 








2-Naphthylamine-5:7-disulfonic acid 


45, 64, 148 - 








2-Naphthylamine-6:8-disu]fonic acid 


45.64,148 








2-Naphthvlamine-2:3:6-trisulfonic acid 


148... 








l-Naphthylamino-2-carboxylic acid an- 


64. 










thraquinone. 


5,45,86 










Nitroacetoacetylnaphthylamide 


171 












148... 












148— 












64 










Nitroaminodiphenylamine-o-sulfonic acid. .. 


7 










p-N i t r o-p- aminodiphenylamin e-o- 
sulfonicacid. 


5 










34,45,86, 148 

64 


106, 583 


















148 












34,45,64,224 

145 


185, 780 


113,462 


73, 037 


.64 








7, 64, X ... 












34, 64, 86, 148 

64.. 


77, 329 


















86 












64, 86 












64, 145 












64,148 












34, 64, 145, 148, X.. 
45, 64, 86, 148, 171.. 
64 


53, 301, 541 
171,441 


4, 480, 146 


322, 953 


.07 
















64 












64, 105 












7 












64, 105 












64. 86 










Nitrobutyrylaminodiethyl hydroquinone.-. 


171 










171 












64, 145 












64, 145 










o-Nitrochlorobenzene-p-sulfonicacid 


148 










64, 145 










p-Nitrochlorobenzene-o-sulfonic acid 


7, 45, 64, 86, 148 

148 


287, 036 
















64 












1 












45 












64 










8-Nitro-l-diazo-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid ... 


86, 148 - 










45, 148, 224 












171 




































64, 86, 148 


4, 608, 601 








2-Nitronaphthalene-4 : 8-disulfonic acid. 


























































64, 70, 171 


2,732 




































































34, 45, 64, 70, 148— 
34, 64, 86, 148 


650,711 










































7, 45 — 










p-Nitrotoluene 


64, 148 









18 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1937 — 


Con. 




Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (accord- 
ing to list on p. 54) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit i 
value 




5, 45, 64, 86, 148. ... 
1 


Pounds 
981, 764 


Pounds 
















34, 45, 64, 168, X... 
64, 171 


801, 152 


731,971 


$919, 289 


$1.26 






171 












64, 14S__ 










N. N. Dihydroxydiethyl-m-toluidine 


64 












64, 86... 












64, 148. 












64, 86 












148 












64, 86 












105 












62, 145 












5, 64, 145 . . 












62, 64, 145 












22, 34, 62, 124, 145, 

185, X. 
45, 64. 148 


65, 689, 782 
71, 122 
11, 549 


57, 175, 514 


6, 152, 843 


.11 


Phenvl-2-amino-5-naphthol-7-sulfonic acid 


(phenyl i acid). 


5,45,64, 171 

X 








(phenyl gamma acid). 










X .. 












1 












7, 34, 45, 64, 148, 
179. 

45, 64, 86, 148 

34, 45 . 


782, 065 
105, 693 


























45, 86 












64 .. 












62, 64, 148 


7, 257, 445 










62, 70, 171, 188 .. 










86, 171, 207 

1 


14, 695 


















34, 62, 64, 171, X.__ 
64, 171. 


166, 064 
















Z). 


5,64,86, 148 

62 ... 


230, 682 


















62 .. 










Phloroglucinol. (See table 15.) 


X . 










Phthalates. (See table 15.) 


8, 22, 64, 145, 148... 
64 .. 


45, 210, 784 


17, 565, 905 


2, 492, 473 


.14 




Phthalvl chloride 


145 .. 












22 .. 










Picramic acid and salt.. 


34, 64, 148 












64, 105, 145 










Primuline, base . 


64, 148 












86, 167 












171 












168 












64 






















Quinaldine. (See 2-Methyl quinoline.) 


148 










Quinoline 


22 










Quinoline derivatives 


X 













86 












64, 168 










Rhoduline acid. (See 5:5-Dihydroxy-7:7- 

disulfonic-2:2-dinaphthylamine.) 
Rubber chemicals. (See table 14.) 


62, 64... . 












64 










Schaeffer's acid. (See 2-Naphthol-6-sul- 

fonic acid.) 
Silver salt. (See Anthraquinone-2-sodium 

sulfonate.) 


62 










Sodium naphthionate.. 


64 










Sodium pentachlorophenate... 


62 










Sodium o-phenvlphenate... 


62 










Sodium tetrachlorophenate... 


62 










Sodium trichlorophenate 


62 










Sodium xylene sulfonate.. 













DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 19 

Table 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1937 — Con. 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (accord- 
ing to list on p. 54) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Succinic acid and anhydride 


148, X 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Sulfanilic acid and salt. 


7, 34, 45, 64, 148, 

224. 
64,86 


1, 712, 984 








o-Sulfobenzaldehyde 








p-Sulfo-o-benzoyl benzoic acid (sulfo BB 


64 










acid). 
l-Sulfo-5-nitroanthraquinone 


64 










Sulfophenylmethvlpyrazolone 


45,64, 171. 










Sulfophenylmethylpyrizolone carboxylic 


171 










acid. 
Tetraaminoditolvlmethane 


148, 171. 










2:4:5:6-Tetrachlorophenol 


62 










Tetraclilorophthalic anhydride 


148 










Tetraethyldiaminobenzophenone (ethyl 


64 










ketone). 
Tetrameth vldiaminoacridine 


171 










Tetramethyldiaminobenzhydrol (Michler's 


64,86 










hydrol). 
Tetrameth vldiaminobenzophenone (Mich- 


64,86, 148 










ler's ketone). 
Tetramethyldiaminodiphenylmethane 


34, 64, 86, 148, 171, 

X. 
148 


691,900 








Tetramethyldiaminodiphenylinethane sul- 








fonate. 
Thioaniline .. 


5,64, 148 










Thioaniline disulfonic acid 


148 










Thiocarbanilide. (See table 14.) 


148 












45, 64, 70. 148 

7, 171, X 


301, 657 


















145 
























145 










p-Toluene sulfonic acid ethvl ester. 


224 












34, 64 












171 












64, 148 












34. 64, 148 










o-Toluidine omega sulfonic acid... 


148 












34, 64, 148. 










p-Toluidine 


64. 148 










p-Toluidine sulfonic acid 


45, 64, 148 










p-Tolyl-o-benzoic acid. 


34, 64, 148.. 


149, 882 
1, 142, 040 










34,45,64, 148 

64, 148 


360, 597 


$234, 683 


$0.65 


m-Tolylenediamine sulfonic acid. 




p-Tolylenediamine sulfate 


34 










p-Tolyl-b-naphthylamine 


64 










Tolyl-l-napthylamine-8-sulfonic acid (tolyl 


5, 86. 148 










peri acid). 
Tribromophenol 


62 












62 . 












41, 145, 161 










Trinitropbenol 


64, 148 










2:4:6-Trinitroresorcin (styphnic acid) 


X... 










l:2:4-Trioxvanthraquinone 


86 .. 










Triphenylphosphate... 


62, 145, X 










m-Xvlene 


64, X 












34, 185 










3:5-Xvlenol 


22 












64, 148 












64, 148. 










m-Xylidine acetate 


148 












7, 64, 148 












7, 34, 64, 148... 












1, 64, 171, X... 






















Total intermediates: 

For which individual statistics 


352,141,921 
223,751,212 


155,215,204 
86, 979, 231 


17, 958, 474 
17, 680, 144 


.12 


are shown. 
For which individual statistics 




.20 


cannot be shown. 






Grand total 


575,893,133 


242,194.435 


35, 638, 618 


.15 









20 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



COAL-TAR DYES 



PKODUCTION AND SALES BY TYPES 



Coal-tar dye production in 1937 totaled 122,245,000 pounds, or 2.3 
percent greater than in 1936. Sales increased less than 1 percent in 
quantity and slightly over 1 percent in value to 118,046,000 pounds, 
valued at $64,613,000. Sales of classified (Colour Index) dyes 
decreased 1.5 percent in quantity and 2.2 percent in value, while new 
and unclassified dyes show a 14 percent increase in quantity and 11 
percent increase in value of sales. A large part of this increase is due 
to the inclusion of azoic dye components in this group for the first 
time. The unclassified dyes account for 14 percent of the sales 
quantity and 30 percent of the sales value of all dyes in 1937. 

Production of synthetic indigo increased slightly to 18,417,000 
pounds, while sales quantity declined slightly to 17,791,000 pounds, 
valued, at $2,965,000. Output of 13,615,000 pounds of sulfur black 
was 7 percent less than in 1936. 

In 1937 production of food dyes increased to 425,000 pounds, as 
compared with 409,000 pounds in 1936. Average sales price dropped 
to $2.86 per pound from $3 per pound in 1936. 

There were 43 makers of dyes in 1937 and 41 makers in 1936. 

Table 8 shows production and sales of coal-tar dyes, by tvpes, in 
1937. 



Table 8. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, 1937 

The numbers in the third column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on 
p. 54. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification num- 
ber with the designated product. Blanks in the fourth, fifth, and sixth columns indicate that the statis- 
tics of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information with regard to individual 
firms. The figures thus concealed, however, are included in the total] 



Colour 


Name of dye 


Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according to 
list on p. 54) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Index 
No. 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 

value 


2 


CLASSIFIED DYES 

Nitroso Dyes 

Fast printing green 


86... 


Pounds 


Pounds 






5 


Naphthol green 


5, 34 










10 


NlTRO DYES 

Naphthol yellow S 


34,45 










16 


Azo Dyes 

MONOAZO DYES 

Acid yellow G 


7,86.... 










17 


Spirit yellow R 


7, 34. 55, 80, 86, 148. 
7,34,55,80,86,148.. 
7, 34, 55, 86, 148 
34,86,148.. 


54, 960 

28,678 

441,451 

120, 802 


55, 854 
30, 096 


$46, 093 
19, 642 


$0.83 


19 
20 


Butler yellow ... 

Chrysoirline Y 


.65 


21 


Chrysoidine R_ 








23 


Oil orange 


55 








24 


Sudan I 


7,34,55,64,86,148.. 

7,45,148 


312, 224 


298, 116 


145, 401 


.49 


26 


Croceine orange... 




27 


Orange Q 


34,45,64,86,148.... 
148... 


190, 364 


184, 035 


87, 136 


.47 


29 


Chromotrope 2R 




30 


Fust acid fuchsine B 


7,148 










31 


Amido naphthol red Q 


5, 7, 34, 45, 64, 86, 

148. 
7,34,45,86 


476, 775 

166, 332 
95, 726 


438, 227 

128,330 
82, 761 


144, 246 

60,621 
41, 173 


.33 


36 


Chrome yellow 2Q 


.47 


40 


Chrome yellow R._ 


7, 34, 45, 86, 216 
7,45,86 


.50 


52 


Mordanl yellow 4G 




53 


Victoria violet 


34,45,64,88,148 

X 


106, 652 


98, 251 


54, 45S 


.55 


54 


Lanafuchsine 





DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 21 

Table 8.- — Coal-tar dyes: United States 'production and sales, by types, 1937 — Con. 



Name of dye 



CLASSIFIED DYES— Contd. 

Azo Dyes— Continued 

monoazo dyes— continued 

Azo coralline 

Chromotrope 6B 

Amido naphthol red 6B 

Toluidine red RL 

Sudan II 

Ponceau 2R 

Double ponceau R... . 

Bordeaux B 

Chromotrope 10B 

Chrome brown R 

Palatine chrome green G 

Chromate brown B 

Acid chrome brown R 

Chrome flavine G 

Azo eosine G 

Eosamine G 

Chrome yellow 5G 

Direct pink E2GN 

Direct pink 

Direct pink EBN 

Metanil yellow - 

Methyl orange 

Azo flavine 2R 

Azo yellow - 

Resorcin yellow. 

Orange II 

Permanent orange R 

Orange R 

Lake red 4B - 

Lake red C (strength 100%)... 

Acid chrome brown B 

Acid chrome garnet R 

Chrome violet R.. 

Chrome black PV 

Acid alizarin black R 

Acid brown R -- 

Fast red A 

Azo rubine 

Fast red VR 

Croceine scarlet 3BX. 

Amaranth 

Cochineal red 

Lake red R (strength 100%) 

Mordant yellow 

Chrome yellow RN._ 

Chrome blue black B 

Chrome blue black U 

Chrome black T 

Chrome black A 

Fast acid blue R 

Fast acid blue B 

Lake red D (strength 100%) 

Chrome red B 

Eriochrome flavine A 

Direct pink R 

D1SAZO DYE3 

Resorcin brown B.. 

Resorcin dark brown. 

Acid chrome brown G 

Acid black 10B... 

Acid dark green A 

Cloth red R 

Brilliant croceine 

Cloth red 3G 

Sudan IV... 

Cloth red 2B. 



Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according to 
list on p. 54) 



45,148 

5, 7, 34, 45, 64, 86, 

148. 
199 

7, 34,"55,"s6,S6,"l48- 
5, 7, 34, 45, 64, 86, 

148. 
64,86 

34,45,86,14S 



45,86... 

86 

34.179.X 

64 

86 

64.... 

64 

45 

64 

148 

64 

7,45,64,86,148. 



86 

7.86,148 

5,34,86,148 

34, 45, 86, 102, 148. 

X 

34,64,148 

45,64,148 

34,64 

148 

45,86,148 

45,64,148 

86, 14S 



86 

34,45,64,86,148 

7,45.64,86,148 

34,45,86.148 

45 

7,45.148 

34. 45.86,148 

148,199 

7,45,86,148. 

5,7,86, 148 

45, 64. 86, 148 

7, 45, 64, 86, 148.... 

45,86, 148 

45, 86, 148, 179 

5,64,86. 148 

64,86, 148 

199 

5, 45,"64"86,"l<B7 
234. 

64, 86, X 



5, 7, 34, 45, 64, 86, 

148, 233. 
5, 7,34, 55,86, 148. 

64 

5, 7, 34, 45, 64, 86, 

148, 233. 

45, 55, 64... 

45.... 

34, 45, 64, 86 148— 

64 

45, 55, 64, 8' 148— 
7,45,86, 148 



Produc- 
tion 



Pounds 



326, 827 



15, 749 
322, 629 



125, 531 



381, 356 



85, 949 

15, 094 

1, 272, 475 



106, 669 
132, 703 
113,893 



44, 756 
107, 903 



1, 994, 962 



243, 808 
129, 224 



136, 780 



346, 745 
119, 167 



1, 623, 721 



413, 682 



53, 377 



Sales 



Quantity 



Pounds 



283, 6S2 



15,951 
345, 525 



126, 604 



423, 634 



76, 833 

12, 125 

1, 272, 777 



250, 031 



23, 56S 



102, 756 
141, 748 
104, 902 



90, 078 



1, 838, 149 



128, 276 
" 120," 423 



368, 1S4 
95, 427 



1, 494, 496 



422, 063 



51, 176 



Value 



$116, 967 



14, 245 
137, 360 



55, 08U 



22:i,s.;s 



15. 347 

6.426 

342, 241 



72,8(19 



20, 034 



50. 25fi 
73. 553 
52, 007 



40, 589 



520, 013 



66, 558 
"63," 509 



210, 755 
67, 493 



597, 842 



308, 375 



29, 562 



22 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 
Table 8. — Coal-tar dyes: United Slates production and sales, by types 


1937— 


Con. 


Col- 


Name of dye 


Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according to 
list on p. 54) 


Produc- 
tion 




Sales 




Index 
No. 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit : 

value. 


267 


CLASSIFIED DYES— Continued 
Azo Dyes — Continued 
disazo dyes — continued 


64. X 


Pounds 


Pounds 






274 




5, 7, 34, 45, 86 

7, 34, 45, 64, 233 


20, 564 


26. 344 

5,538 

170, 526 

20, 382 

32,810 

496, 501 


$13, 399 

5, 575 

331, 274 

18. 864 

23, 069 

297. 559 


$6. 51 1 
1.01 1 

1.941 


275 




278 


Direct fast red 8BL 


5, 7, 34, 64, 86, 148, 

233, X. 
7,86, 148 


175, 237 

38, 270 

39, 613 

497, 737 


280 


Scarlet EC . 


288 




5,86, 148, X 

5, 64, 86, 148, X.... 
86 


289 




290 




294 




148 










299 


Chrome black F 


45, 64, 86, 148 










302 


Chrome blue green B 


5,64 










304 


Fast acid black N2B 


45, 64,86 










306 


Fast acid black F . 


86 










307 




5. 64, 86, 148, X.... 
86 


211, 375 


240, 153 


151,002 


.63 


308 




316 


Developed blue NA 


7, 64, 86, 148 










317 


Developed blue B 


64,86, 148 










319 




64,86 










324 


Developed brilliant orange OR 

Diamine brilliant violet B 


64,86, 171 










325 


86 










326 




45, 64, 86, 148, X... 
45,86 


534, 467 


531, 103 


541, 686 


1.02 


327 


Direct fast scarlet 4BS 


331 




34, 64, 86, 148 

34, 45, 64, 86, 148... 
7,86 


98, 752 
878, 796 


94, 264 
836, 343 


35, 321 
307, 862 


.37 

.37 


332 




336 


Acid chrome black F 


343 


Chrome fast yellow C 


5 










346 


Direct fast vellow 5GL 


64, 86 










353 


Direct fast pink 2BL 


5, 64,86, 148 

34, 64,86, 148 

64,86, 148 


23. 530 
208, 369 


19. 581 
196, 691 


33, 567 
147, 510 


1.71 
.75 


364 


Paper vellow 


365 


Chrvsophenine G— 


370 




5, 64, 148 










374 


Direct orange TA. 


148 










375 


Congo corinth G 


5, 7, 34, 64, 86, 148, 

233. 
45, X 


242, 256 


222, 844 


150, 368 


.67 


376 


Direct rubine 


382 


Direct scarlet B 


7, 34, 45, 86, 148, 

233, X. 
45 


184, 856 


147, 919 


139, 567 


.94 


385 


Direct violet. ... 


387 


Direct violet B 


45, 64, 148 










394 




34, 45, 64, 86, 148... 
7 


94, 425 


87, 564 


75, 587 


.86 


395 


Developed black RO 


401 


Developed black BHN 


7, 34, 45, 64, 86, 148, 

233. 
148_ 


2, 563, 481 


2, 329, 965 


762, 645 


.33 


405 


Direct cvanine R 


406 


Direct blue 2B. 


5, 7. 34, 45, 55, 64, 

86, 148, 233. 
64 


1,242,112 


1,223,143 


259, 138 


.21 


409 


Direct orange DB 


410 


Chrvsamine G 


64, X 










411 


Cresotine vellow G 


45, 148, 233 




26, 023 

76,411 

351, 736 

544, 799 

5,105 


11,655 

31,154 

230, 114 

265, 195 

4,695 


.45 

.41 
.65 

.49 

.92 


415 


Direct orange R 


45, 64, 86 . 


64, 966 
331,845 

588, 702 


419 


Direct fast red F 


5, 7, 34, 45, 64, 86, 

148, 233. 
5, 7, 34, 45, 64, 86, 

148, 233. 
5, 34, 233 . 


420 


Direct brown M. 


423 


Direct brown B . 


430 


Polar red G 


45, 64, 86, 148, X, 

X. 
64 




431 


Acid chrome red 










436 


Direct brilliant red 8B 


45 .. 










441 


Chrome fast vellow RD 


86 










443 


Milling reVl 2G 


5, 7, 34, 45, X— 










446 




7, 148 










448 


Benzopurpurine 4B__ 


45, 64, 148 


743, 368 


656, 104 


323, 493 


.49 


464 


Direct blue R 


64 .. 


468 


Direct mauve B 


148 










471 


Direct blue 3R 


45, 148 










472 


Direct blue BX 


45,64, 148 

7, 45, 55, 64, 148.... 
7, 45, 148 . 


22, 598 
179, 287 


31, 680 
143, 678 


12, 288 
36, 899 


.39 
.26 


477 


Direct blue 3B 


478 


Direct orange G . 


487 


Acid milling red B_. 


7, 34, 86, 171, X.... 

45,64, 148 

7,45,64,86,148,233. 


40, 981 
34, 003 
90, 619 


38, 532 
29, 673 
117, 699 


31.917 
25. 353 
72. 247 


.83 
.85 

.61 


495 


Benzopurpurine 10B 


502 


Direct azurine G 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 23 

Table 8. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, 1937 — Con. 



Col- 


Name of dye 


Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according to 
list on p. 54) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Index 

No. 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


508 


CLASSIFIED DYES— Continued 

Azo Dyes— Continued 

disazo dyes — continued 

Direct brilliant blue G 


61 


Pounds 


Pounds 






512 


Direct blue IUV 


7, 45, 64, 86, 148.... 
148 ._ 


169. 337 


170.986 


$129, 805 


$0. 76 


515 


Direct blue B 


518 




7, 45, 64, 86, 14S 

5, 45, 64, 86, 14S 

64 


566, 826 
87, 643 


525. 216 
91, 757 


401, 631 
46, 160 


76 


520 


TRISAZO DYES 


50 


533 


Direct fast blue FR 




534 


Naphthogene blue 4R 


86 










539 


Direct fast black FF 


45,64,86, 148 










544 


Pluto black 5BS. - 


86 










552 


Diazo black RS_ 


64, 148 










561 




7, 64, 86, 148, 171, 

233, X. 
45 


283, 373 


248, 751 


300, 997 




567 


Direct fast blue R - 




576 


Direct fast blue B 


45,64, 148 










577 


Direct brown T2G 


31. 










581 


Direct black EW 


7, 34, 45, 64, 86, 

lis. 233. 
34, 45, 64, 86, 148, 

233. 
5, 7, 34, 45, 64, 86, 

118, 233. 
34. 4. r ), 64, 86, 148, 

233. 
64.... 


8, 708, 305 
746, 198 
123, 160 
119, 132 


S. 117. 729 
712, 351 
111,690 
88, 270 


2, 165, 764 
199, 790 
42, 361 
30, 805 


26 


582 


Direct black RX 


28 


583 


Direct green ET 


38 


589 




35 


590 


Direct steel blue G 




593 




5, 7, 34, 45, 64, 86, 
118, 179,233. 

5, 34, 45, 64, 148, 
233. 

86 


762, 754 
96, 809 


721. 351 
101. 772 


238, 404 
42,907 


33 


594 




41 


595 


Direct olive G_. 




596 


Direct brown 3GO„_ _ 


5, 7, 34, 45, 64, 86, 

148, 233. 
7, 45, 64, 88, 148, X. 
64 _ 


1,111,578 
232, 500 


1,015,305 
230, 454 


322, 979 

HO. 659 


31 


598 




48 


601 


Congo brown R_ 




606 


Direct brown G_ 


34, 86, 233.. 




2i. 899 


21.128 


90 




Total classified azo dyes 










38, 708, 193 


37, 151, 678 


15 983. 009 


.43 




Stilbene Dyes 
Direct vellow R 


5, 45, 64, 86, 148.... 
5, 34. 64, 86, 148.... 
34,64, 86 






620 


399. 621 

148.015 
316, 509 


383, 858 
123. 666 
311,961 


117.111 
82, 290 
179, 630 


.38 


621 


Chloramine orange G.. 


.67 


622 


Stilbene vellow 


.58 


628 


Diphenyl catechine G 


148 




631 


Pyrazolone Dyes 
Direct chrysoine G. 


45 










636 


Fast light yellow 2G 


64, 86, 148, 171 
34, 45, 64, 86, 148, 

171, X. 
7, 34, 86, 102, 148, 

171. 
86 


64, 552 


64, 096 


64, 799 


1.01 


639 


Fast light yellow 




640 


Tartrazine . 


613,018 


648, 505 


435.810 


.67 


651 


Pigment fast vellow G 




652 


Chrome red B 


7, 34, 45, 64, 86, 

14S, X. 
7, 148. 171 . 










653 




35, 195 








654 


Developed fast vellow 2G 


64 ._ 








655 


KETONIMINE DYES 


34, 64, 148, X 

34, 66, 118 

86, 148 


S54, 665 
294, 339 


830. 800 
275, 130 


730. 020 
300, 973 


.88 


657 


TRIPHENYLMETHANE AND DlPHENYL- 
NAPHTHYLMETHANE DYES 

Mai ichite green 


1.09 


658 


Rhodnline blue 6 G 




662 




34, 66.-. 










663 




86 --. 










666 


Acid green B._ 


34, 4.5, 64, 86, 148... 


94, 348 


01, 228 


78,828 


.8 



24 

Table 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 
-Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, 1937 — Con. 



Col- 


Name of dye 


Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according to 
list on p. 54) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Index 
No. 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 

value 


667 


CLASSIFIED DYES— Continued 
Tripdenylmethane and Diphenyl- 

NAPHTHYLMETHANE DYES— Contd. 

Fast acid green B.__ 


34,86, 148 


Pounds 


Pounds 






670 


64, 86 










671 




64, 86, 148 


418.151 
20, 364 


438. 179 
19, 080 


$390, 795 
33, 559 


$0. 89 


676 




34, 152, X 


1.76 


677 




34, 45, X 




680 

681 


Methyl violet and base 


34, 64, 66, 86, 104, 

148, X. 
64, 86, 148 


902, 370 


909, 543 


583, 596 


.64 


682 


Ethyl violet 

Spirit blue 2B 


64,86.... 










689 


86 










691 


7 










695 


Acid violet 4BN 


34 










696 


Fast acid violet 10B 


64, X 










698 


45, 64, 86, 148, X... 
148 


260, 047 


240, 161 


218, 813 


.91 


699 


Acid fast vio!et BG 

Alkali blue 6B 




703 


86 










705 




152... 










706 




152 










707 




34, 86, X 


73, 756 


64, 858 


108, 138 


1.67 


712 




86, 148 




714 




86, 148 










720 




64, 86, 148, X 

86, 148, X 


75,690 


73, 586 


119,748 


1.63 


722 






724 




64 










728 




64, 86 










729 




64, 86, 148 










735 




64, 148, X... 


89,517 
127, 231 








737 




34, 64, 86 


136, 746 


70,297 


.51 




Total triphenylmethane and diphenyl- 








3, 507, 379 


3, 270, 668 


3, 662, 097 


1.12 




Xanthene Dyes 
Rhodamine B 


64 




749 










749 


Rhodamine B cone 


64, X 










752 




64, X 










758 


Fast acid violet A2R 


X 










766 


Uranine . - 


7, 34, 102, 152, 181- 
7, 34, 102, 148, 152, 

181. 
7. 34, 102, 115, 152, 

181. 
152 . 


5,629 
56, 636 

341, 893 


4,756 
£5, 092 

329, 100 


8,859 
78, 472 

389, 722 


1.86 


768 




1.42 


768 
772 


Tetrabromofluorescein (broino acid) . . . 


1.18 


773 




34 .. 










774 


Phloxine B 


152... 










777 




152... 










779 




34 










788 


Aceidine Dyes 


86, 171 










793 




34, 45, 64, 148, 171.. 
171 . 


119,738 


127, 533 


99, 632 


.78 


794 






797 




86, 171 .. 










801 


Quinoline Dyes 


64, 148, X. 


112,646 


92, 459 


135, 681 


1.47 


802 




148 




812 


Thiazole Dyes 


45, 64, 148, 167 










813 




64 . 










814 




64, 86, 148, 167 
64 


365, 660 


337, 165 


296, 722 


.88 


815 


ThioflavineT 




816 


Direct brilliant flavine S 


167 











DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 25 

Table 8. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, 1937 — Con. 



Name of dye 



Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according to 
list on p. 54) 



Produc- 
tion 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



CLASSIFIED DYES— Continued 
Azine Dyes 



Wool fast blue GL. 

Safranine 

Acid cyanine BF 

Induline (spirit-soluble)... 
Induline (water-soluble).. 
Nigrosine (spirit-soluble)- 
Nigrosine (water-soluble) . 



Aniline Black and Allied Dyes 



New fast gray. 
Fur black. 



Oxazine Dyes 



Delphine blue B. 

Gallocyanine 

Cotton blue 

Nile blue BX_... 



Total oxazine dyes 

Thiazine Dyes 



Methylene blue 

Methylene green B 

New methylene blue.. 
Brilliant chrome blue. 



Sulfide Dyes 



Carbazole vat blue R. 
Carbazole vat blue O. 
Sulfur black 



Sulfur blue. . . 
Sulfur brown. 



Sulfur green 

Sulfur maroon. 
Sulfur olive 



Sulfur orange. 
Sulfur tan 



Sulfur yellow. 



Total sulfide dyes 

Anthraquinone Dyes 



Alizarin 

Alizarin red S 

Alizarin brown 

Alizarin GI. 

Alizarin SX 

Pseudopurpurine 

Acid alizarin blue SE 

Acid alizarin blue B 

Anthracene blue SWGG. 

Anthracene blue WR 

Anthracene blue WRS... 

Alizarin irisol R.. 

Alizarin astrol B 

Cyananthrol R... 

Alizarin cyanine green E. 



Acid anthraquinine violet B. 
Anthraquinone blue black B. 



8fi, 148, X. 
34, 64, 148. 
64 

34, 86, 148. 
34, 86, 148. 
?4, 86, 148. 
34, 86, 148. 



Pounds 
111,822 
281, 891 



Pounds 
79, 434 



$117, 400 



68, 969 



76,728 



35, 210 



1, 353, 733 
1, 302, 479 



1,265,679 
1, 335, 135 



350, 940 
478, 851 



Diphenyl black base 86 



34,64,171. 
34,86 



5,957 



148 

34,234... 

7, 34, 148. 



103, 810 



109, 899 



148. 219 



34, 64, 66, 86, 148. 

34 

34 



64,86 

64,86.... 

20, 34, 64, 86, 148, 

202. 
5, 20, 34, 45, 64, 86, 

109. 148. 
20. 34, 45, 56, 64, 86, 

109, 148, 202. 
5,34,64,86,109,148. 
5,34,64,86,148.... 
20, 34, 56, 64, 86, 

148, 202. 

45, 64. 86, 148 

5, 20, 34, 45, 56, 64, 

86, 109. 
5, 20, 34, 45, 56, 64, 

86, 109, 148, 202. 



0) 

0) 

13, 614, 708 

2, 473, 340 

2, 536, 841 

250, 138 
926, 442 
147, 299 

49, 330 
269, 224 

261, 220 



0) 

0) 

14, 304, 516 

2, 120, 099 

2, 352, 613 

232, 320 

780, 271 
129, 821 

51, 653 
237, 035 

246, 901 



2, 317, 965 

877, 853 

654, 337 

160, 831 
376, 729 
37, 444 

18,282 
69, 327 

96, 390 



20, 528, 542 



20, 455, 232 



4, 609, 158 



34, 148.... 
7, 34, 148. 
148. 234... 

64 

148. 



49, 503 46, 846 



86... 

64,86, X 

64,86, 148, 234, X. 

16, X 

86, X... 

16 



76, 940 



429, 614 



7, 16, 64. 
64, 86.... 
64. 



3,876 



5,7, 16,64,86, 148, 

234, X. 

16,64 

7, 16, 64, 86, 148, 

231, X. 



115,268 



156, 917 



30, 613 
465, 289 



61, 264 
772, 071 



7,035 



19, 860 



111,227 



222, 652 



165, 863 



249, 795 



1 Totals not included under sulfide dyes. In the dyes classified by method of application these 2 dyes 
are included in the vat dyes. 



26 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 8. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, 1937 — Con. 



Col- 


Name of dye 


Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according to 
list on p. 54) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


our 

Inde> 
No. 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 




CLASSIFIED DYES— Continued 
Anthraquinone Dyes— Continued 
Acid anthraquinone blue B__ 


64, 86, 148. 


Pounds 
44,814 


Pounds 
40,912 


$130, 947 


$3.20 




64, 86 




















1, 270, 982 


1, 385, 654 


1, 988, 878 


1.44 




Anthraquinone Vat Dyes (single 
strength) 

Anthraquinone vat yellow GC (12V£%). 
Anthraquinone vat golden oiange G 

(12^%)- 
Anthraquinone vat golden orange R 

(12M%). 

Anthraquinone vat scarlet. GS (16%%). 
Anthraquinone vat dark blue BO (25%). 

Anthraquinone vat jade green (6%) 

Anthraquinone vat green B and black 
B (12'..',). 

Anthraciuinone vat violet R (25%) 

Anthraquinone vat violet RK (12J 2%) — 

Anthraquinone vat violet 15 (25%) 

Anthraquinone vat blue RS (10%) 

Anthranuinone vat blue 3G (10%) 

Anthraquinone vat blue G C D (834%) - - 

Anthraquinone vat blue BCS (20%) 

Anthraquinone vat yellow G (123/2%)___ 

Anthraquinone vat brown B (22%) 

Anthraquinone vat pink R (12H%) 

Anthraquinone vat yellow R (123/2%)-- . 
Anthraquinone vat red FF, extra 

(12H%)- 

Anthraquinone vat brilliant violet 2B 

(123 2%). 
Anthraquinone vat brilliant violet R 

(12H%)- 

Anthraquinone vat olive R (123 2 %) 

Anthraquinone vat brown R (12' ' , 
Anthraquinone vat brown G (1. 
Anthraquinone vat red violet RRN 

(12. 1 .. , . 
Anthraquinone vat red BN, extra 

(12.',', 1. 
Anthraquinone vat violet BX (25' 
Anthraquinone vatorange R (123 
Anthraquinone vat yellow R (1232%)--- 
Anthraqujnone vat blue green B 

(123 2 %). 

Indigoid and Thioinpigoid Dyes 
Indigo, synthetic (20%) 


34, 64, 86, 167. 

34, 64, 86, 148 

34, 64, 148 




1095 
1096 

1097 


798, 028 
199, 751 


793, 224 
167, 067 


883, 806 
225, 089 


1.11 
1.35 


1098 


86, 148 










1099 
1101 


34,64,86, 148, 167. . 
64 


174, 231 


165, 504 


191, 989 


1.16 




34,64,86,148,167.. 










1103 


86 










1104 


7,64.86,148 

86 


218.401 








1105 








1106 


64,86 










1109 


64 










1113 
1114 


7,64,86,148 

7,64,86,148 


818,911 


769, 267 
802. 884 


445, 446 
860, 773 


.58 
1.07 


1118 


64,86, 14S 






1120 


64 










1128 


86 










1132 


64 










1133 


64 










1134 


61 










1135 


64 










1150 


64,86,148 










1151 


64,86, 148 






:::::::::::: 


1152 


64, 148 










1161 


64,86 










1162 


64,148 










1163 


64 










1169 


64 .. 










1170 


64 










1173 


148 










1177 


62, 64, 148 


18, 416, 903 


17, 790, 949 


2, 965, 248 


.17 


1178 


Indigo white (20%) 


148 




1180 


64, 148 










1183 


Tribron.indigo RB (20%) 


62, 148 










1184 


Bromindigo blue 2BD (16%) 


62, 86, 148 










11S9 


Brilliant indigo 40 (20%) 


64 










1210 


Y:,t red B (123 


86 










1212 


Vat red 3B (20%)... 


62.64,86,148 

34.64,86, 148.X... 
62 


76, 366 
605, 131 


82, 772 
553, 075 


114,584 
641,851 


1.38 


1217 


Vat orange R (10%) 


1.16 


1222 


Vat violet B (10%1. ... 




1228 


Vat fast scarlet G (20%) 


62 










1229 


Vat red R (10%) 


62 










22 


Food Dyes 
Yellow AB.. 


67, 148 










61 


Yellow OB 


67, 148 










80 




23, 148, 207 










150 


Orange I 


23,123,148,207,227. 
23,123. 148,207,227. 
23, 123, 148, 207.... 
23, 148, 227 


90, 265 
114,720 
102, 409 


86, 684 
108, 230 
97,066 


191,517 
262, 7S5 
241. 105 


2.21 


184 




2.43 


640 


Tartrazine _ 


2. 4S 


666 






670 




23, 148, 227 . 










773 


Erythrosine 


23, 123, 148, 207.... 
23, 123, 207 


6,878 


7,182 


100, 117 


13.94 


1180 








Brilliant blue FCF 


23, 148, 227 











DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 27 

Table 8. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, 1937 — Con. 



Col- 
our 
Index 
No. 



Name of dye 



CLASSIFIED DYES— Continued 
Food Dyes— Continued 



Fast green FCF 

Ponceau SX 

Sunset yellow FCF. 



Total food dyes 

Total classified dyes 

UNCLASSIFIED DYES 



Acetate silk dyes, total 

Amacel blue GG, GR 

Black (B, BDN, J, JN, W, III, 

IV, IVdbl.). 
Blue (BB, B cone, G, 3G, R, 5RB 

cone. Ill, IV, XIII, XIII dbl.). 

Bordeaux 

Brilliant blue (B, FFG, 2G) 

Brilliant orange 

Brilliant red 

Brilliant yellow (W) 

Brown (BR, Y) 

Cellitazole (AZ, BNS, BZ, NAZ, 

NBZ, NS, NZD. NSJ, STN). 
Developed black (AD, AS, BAM, 

GA, GD, GN, S.T). 

Developed navy blue (RD) 

Developed red 3B 

Developed sapphire blue G 

Direct blue S 

Direct orange R 

Direct red YC 

Fast black (B, BTN) 

Fast blue (AF, B, FFR, 2RA) 

Fast blue green B 

Fast brown (3R, 5R) 

Fast light yellow 

Fast navy blue (B, BR) 

Fast orange 2R supra 

Fast pink B 

Fast red 2G 

Fast red violet RN 

Fast rubine B 

Fast violet (B, 6B, 6BA) 

Fast yellow (G, GL, GR, RR)__. 

Golden orange (I, III) 

Golden yellow (F, FSI, VIII, VIII 

cone, 'IX, XI, XII, XIII). 

Green BS 

Green blue II 

Heliotrope I 

Light orange FSI 

Navy blue (B, BN cone, BP 

cone, BX, CBR cone, R). 
Orange (GF cone, GFN, GR, 

JER, RR, 3RC, I, II, III, 4, 

extra) . 

Pink II 

Pure blue (BR, BR cone.) 

Pure yellow (I, II) 

Purple 

Red (BR, BY, 3B, 2BC, DM, 

FSI, R, RP, Y, YR, I, III, V, 

VI-X, VII, VIII). 

Red violet R 

Rubme (B, IX) 

Sapphire blue 2G --- 

Scarlet (B, BN, BR, III, III cone) 

Skvblue (B, G, GA) 

Violet (CB, RR, II) 

Violet blue FSI 

Yellow (C, G, GC, GG, GX, 5G). 



Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according to 
list on p. 54) 



SZl 

148, 227 

123, 148, 207, 227- 



86097—38- 



5,7,34,64,80,233. 
7,64,86, X 



5 

5, 64, 173. 

173 

64, 173.... 

5, 173 

64 

S6 



5, 34, 64, X, X. 



5,64. 
X... 

X... 

5--- 
X... 
34... 



86, X. 



3, X. 



7— 

5,7. 



64 

7. 
7- 
7_ 
7,34 

5,7, 
X 



Produc- 
tion 



Pounds 



37, 3G8 



425 272 



104,499,596 



2, 191, 881 



372,211 



273, 571 



Sales 



Quantity 



Pounds 



34, 942 



405, 104 



101,585,568 



2, 099, 587 



441, 645 



282, 939 



,64 

34, 64, 86, 233, 



7 

64 

7 

64 

5, 7, 34, 64, ! 



64 

7,64 

34 

5, 7, 34, 64, 80, 86. 
5, 64, X 

7,64.— 



5, 7, 34, 64, 80, 86. . 



112,36" 



21, 484 



Value 



Unit 
value 



$82, 16; 



1,160,244 



45, 452, 524 



2, 314, 350 



292, 651 



214, 468 



94, 349 



$2.35 



2.86 
.45 



1.10 



.66 



.76 



74, 827 



40,912| 43,832 61,157 1.40 



28 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 8. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, 1987 — Con. 



Col- 


Name of dye 


Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according to 
list on p. 54) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


our 
Index 
No. 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 




UNCLASSIFIED DYES— Con. 


234... 


Pounds 


Pounds 










86 












Acid anthracene yellow GR extra 

Acid anthraquinone blue (BGA, 3G, 

SBS, SWB, WSA). 
Acid black (AR, BR supra, 8B, 8BN, 

GRF, GRF cone, 3G, J, NBJ, RB. 

TL, 640, 773). 
Acid blue (D, 2G) . - -- 


X 












64 












5, 7, 34, 55, 64, 86, 
148. 

171.X 


77,828 




















X 












Acid brilliant blue (3B, RR) 


7, 64.... 














64 












Acid brilliant red (BBA, 5B, G, 4BL). 
Acid brown (FN, MF, N, R) 


7,64. 148.X 












34, 171 














34 














45 














45,86. 












Acid fast black (BBN, WAN).. ._ 


64.86 












Acid fast blue (B, G, IB, NB) 


64, 148 














64 














7 














34,64 














7, 34 














179 














179 














171, 179 














64. 














86 














7 














34 














45.. 












Acid milling yellow (G, 2GX, R) 


34, 45, 171 












45 












Acid navy blue (cone, B, B cone, M, 
M4B). 


7, 34, 45, 64, 233... _ 
7 


15, 467 


14, 607 


$8, 586 


$0.59 






34 












Acid orange (OS, R, 2R, 4R, YF) 

Acid red (B 3B, OA) -_. — 


34, 171, X 












45, 171 














X 














171 














34 














34 












Acid violet (B, BS, RL, 2R, 2RX) 


34. 45, 171, 179 












64 














34, 45, 171 














148 












Alizarin direct blue (AR, A2G) 


86 












148... 














86 .. 














7 














86 . 














148 . 












Anthracene chromate brown EBS cone 


X .. 












234 














86 












Anthraquinone vat black (J, R) 

Anthraquinone vat blue (CLX, RCX). 
Anthraquinone vat blue green (FFB, 

Y). 
Anthraquinone vat brilliant green BN.. 
Anthraquinone vat brilliant orange 

(GR, RK). 
Anthraquinone vat brilliant scarlet 

BGN. 
Anthraquinone vat brilliant yellow 4G 
Anthraquinone vat brown (BR, G, 

RR, VR). 
Anthraquinone vat dark brown (R, 

RG, RT). 

Anthraquinone vat deep black BD 

Anthraquinone vat direct black 3G 

Anthraquinone vat flavine GC ... 

Anthraquinone vat golden orange 3G__ 
Anthraquinone vat golden yellow (GK, 

GOW). 

Anthraquinone vat green IBW 

Anthraquinone vat khaki (GG) 


34, 148 












64 












64, 86 - 












86 












86 












86 












64 












64, 86 . 












64,86 












86 












64 












148 



























































DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 29 

Table 8. — Coal-tar dyes: United. States production and sales, by types, 1937 — Con. 



Col- 


Name of dye 


Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according to 
list on p. 54) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


our 
Index 
No. 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 




UNCLASSIFIED DYES— Con. 

Anthraquinone vat navy blue (BN, 
G, 3G). 


7,34,64,86-. 

64 


Pounds 
190, 806 


Pounds 
167, 326 


$164, 255 


$0.98 




Anthraquinone vat olive green B 


86 












64 












Anthraquinone vat printing black (B 

suprafix, TL). 
Anthraquinone vat printing green BQ 

suprafix. 


86 












86 -- 












64 -- - 












Anthraquinone vat scarlet (3B, GGN). 
Anthraquinone vat violet FFBN 


86 












86 












64 












Artificial silk black (G, R, RR) 


45, 86 












171 














64 














148 














86 














148 














86 - 














148 














171 -. 












Azo red (7BL F) 


5, 171.. 














171 












Azoic dyes and their components, total. 
Dyes: 

Rapid fast: 




2, 699, 643 


2, 391, 318 


4, 168, 537 


1.74 




34 








64,86 












Red GZH 


86 












Red RH 


64, 86 














34 












Scarlet ILH 


64, 86 












Rapidogene: 
Black DM 


64 












Black MG 


86 . 














86 












Blue 


171 












Blue BN, D. N 


86 












Blue GN, GNN, R 


64, 86 












171 














86 














171 .. 












Brown GN, IB, IPT 


86 












64 














86 














86 . 














171 














64, 86 














86 












Red 


171 .. 












Red GH, GS 


86 . 












Red G, M2B, R 


64 








































Scarlet RS 


86 . 














171 .. 












Yellow G 














Yellow G, GO, OS, GGN. 
Components: 

Fast color salts: 
Black salt B 


86 
























Blue salt B, BB 














Blue salt BN 




























Oransre salt GC 














Red salt AL, B 














Red salt O, 3G. TR 

Red salt GL, 3GL 


148 
























Scarlet salt GG 




























Yariamine blue salt BD 

Naphthols: 

Naphthol AS 


86 












7,34, 86, 148 












Naphthol AS, BO 














Naphthol AS, BR 


7, 86 












Naphthol AS BS 


7, 64, 86, 148 












Naphthol AS, D 













30 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 8. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, 1937 — Con. 



Name of dye 



UNCLASSIFIED DYES— Contd. 

Azoic dyes and their components— Con. 
Components— Continued. 
Naphthols— Continued. 

NaphtholAS, OL 

NaphtholAS, OP 

NaphtholAS, PH 

Naphthol AS, RL 

NaphtholAS, SW 

Brilliant benzo violet B 

Brilliant milling blue B 

Brilliant milling green B cone 

Brilliant milling yellow 5G 

Brilliant wool blue (FFR. FRS special, 

G extra, N). 

Chromate blue black B 

Chromate brilliant brown RL 

Chromate brown, (EB, EBR) 

Chromate red 2G 

Chrome black (3G, NSE, P2B, PV, 

SW). 

Chrome blue (ATX, ECR) 

Chrome brilliant orange 2R 

Chrome brown (B, BC, BS, 3B, EB, 

EBL, G, O, PG, RH, RH cone). 

Chrome fast garnet R 

Chrome garnet R 

Chrome gray DG 

Chrome green (B, CB, G) 

Chrome orange 3R 

Chrome yellow (DS, 2G, 3G, 5G, SW). 

Ciba black 

Cloth red 2R 

Cotton black 3G 

Croceine scarlet FP cone 

Developed black (G, OB, OT, ZV 

cone). 
Developed blue (B, BR, BR cone, 6G, 

5GL). 
Developed Bordeaux (2BL, 7B, 7B 

cone, RB). 

Developed brilliant green 3G_. 

Developed brilliant orange (G, GG)._. 
Developed brilliant scarlet (2BL, 2BL 

extra, 5BL, RO). 
Developed brown (6G, NR, R, 3RB)... 

Developed dark brown B 

Developed fast blue (B, 2RW) 

Developed fast Bordeaux 2BL 

Developed fast brown RK 

Developed fast red 7BL 

Developed fast rubine B 

Developed fast violet (BL, 2RL) 

Developed fast vellow 2G 

Developed green (BL, 2GL, GW) 

Developed indigo blue (BRR, 4GD... 
Developed orange (GR, R, RR, RFW, 

WD). 

Developed red (BFW, 7BL) 

Developed rubine B 

Developed scarlet (A, FW, GFW, R)_. 

Developed sky blue (B, 3GL) 

Developed violet (BRD, RR) 

Diamond green SS 

Diazaphen red 

Diazaphen vellow 

Direct black (G, 3G, 3GR, NCW; 

CSW). 

Direct blue (B, FF. G, NR). 

Direct blue green CW 

Direct Bordeaux (B, 6B) 

Direct brilliant blue BFL 

Direct brilliant cerise 

Direct brilliant red (12B, 12B cone)... 

Direct, brilliant violet (4B, R) 

Direcl brown (CSW, CWR, FW, 

GB, G2R, G3R, k, K. RY, S). 
i >irecl eatechine (FF, GS, Gconc.,3G). 

Direct, chrome black blue B 

Direct chrome blue black B 



Manufacturers 8 
identification num- 
bers according to 
list on p. 54) 



86, 171. 
171 



Produc- 
tion 



Pounds 



7, 86 

7, 86, 148. 

64 

64, 86 

64 

7 

86, 148 



45 

X 

5, 34, 64, 234. 

234 

64, 148, X... 



5, 7, 34, 45, 64, 

148. 
45 



X 

148 

45, 148 

148 

5, 34, 45, 64, 148.... 

62.... 

148 

34 

148 

7, 45, 64, 86, 148.... 



45, 64, 148, X. 
7, 64, 86, 148- 



14, 803 



86 

64, 86, X. 



64, 86. 
X 

45 



64 

64, X.. 
X 

64, X._ 

86, 148. 

64 

64, 86.. 
04, 148. 

64, 148. 

86 

64, 148. 

86 

7, 64.... 



31 

34 

5, 45, 86, 148, X. 



5, 64, 148. 

148 

7, 86, 148. 

148 

5—. 



5, 148 

7 

5, 45, 55, 148, 233, 
X. 

7,64,148 

X 

86, 148 



76, 880 



283,419 



93, 817 



109,116 



111.273 



136, 983 
280, 978 



Sales 



Quantity Value 



Pounds 



90, 209 



9,371 



72, 296 



253, 455 



172,201 
93, 620 



108, 382 



131, 



\ lis 



5.800 



30, 631 



158, 951 



87, 127 
83, 120 



80, 871) 



77, 160 



Unit 
value 



$0.76 



. 62 



.51 
.89 
"."75 



.59 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 31 

Table 8. — Coal~tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, 1937 — Con. 



Col- 


Name of dye 


Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers according to 
list on p. 54) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


our 
index 

No. 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 

value 




UNCLASSIFIED DYES— Contd. 
Direct copper blue (RR, RRX) 


64, 86 -. 


Pounds 


Pounds 








X 












Direct fast black, (B, FOR, FTC, G, L, 

Lconc, PG extra, VE). 
Direct fast blue (FF, 2GL, 4GL, 8GL, 

LBR, LG, R, RL, SRL). 
Direct fast brown (BRL, 4GL, LBR, 

l.< '. L3R, R, 4R, 2RL, 4RL, 3YL). 
Direct fust gray (BL, GL, 2GL, R) 
Direct fast light blue FF 


7, 45, 64, 86, 148, 

233, X. 
45, 64, 86, 148 

64, 86, 148, X 

64, 86, 148 


569, 752 
346, 864 
147, 143 


559, 063 
321, 321 

117,958 


$371, 860 
368, 219 
180, 734 


$0.67 
1.15 
1.53 




45 
























Direct fast orange (EG, ER, E3G, G, 
2G cone, 2GL, 4G cone, L3R, L5G, 
L7G, R, RE, 2R, 6R, 7R, S). 

Direct fast red (5BL, 8BLN, 8BLSW).. 


34, 45, 64, 86, 109, 
148, X. 

45, 148, X 


292, 480 


243, 401 


278, 629 


1.14 




148 












Direct fast violet (BB, F) 


5, 86 












Direct fast yellow (GA extra, 4GL, 
5GL, LR, L5G, RL). 


5,45,64,86,148 

45 


167, 048 


155, 576 


246, 813 


1.59 




Direct gray (BBC BL, G, Z) 


55, 148, X 












Direct green (54FS, 5G, 2Y) 


5, 64.. 














45- 














45 












Direct navy blue (BF, B\V, 4B, DB, 

R, RY). 
Direct orange (B GL, D2R) 


5, 34, 64, 148, 233, 

X. 
86, 148, X 


111, 133 


















Direct red (B 3B G) 


5, 45 














34 














64... 














X 














86 














148 












Direct vioiet (2B, 2R) 


5, 148 -._ 














45 














64 












Fast acid black BR 


86 












Fast acid blue (R, WF) 


86, 148 














86 - 














148 














45 












Fast acid red (3B, GG) 


86 












Fast acid violet (ERR extra, VR) 


64, 171 












86 












Fast black V 


64 














148 












Fast light red (B, 4B) 


86 












Fast silk vellow G 


5 












Fast wool red (BL, GL) 


148 














148 














148 














64 














64 












Fluorol 5G 


86 ;-- 














45 














X 














34 














64, 86 . 












Heliored RMT 


86 














86 




























167 














5 














34, 148, X 


175, 301 
466, 502 


173,955 
410, 848 


179, 250 
498, 132 


1.03 




Indigo vat pink (FB, FF) 


34. 64, 148, X 


1.21 












86 














181 












Jet black APX 


64 












Lake blue (G, 6G) 


64 . 














64 














64 














64 












Lake red 2B 


64 . 












Lake scarlet 2YL 


64 




























34 










' Milling fast garnet R 











UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 8. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, 1987 — Con. 



Col- 


Name of dye 


Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according to 
list on p. 54) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Index 
No. 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 




UNCLASSIFIED DYES— Contd. 


X 


Pounds 


Pounds 










148 














64, 148 --- 














148 












Milling yellow (GN, 3G, 2GCW, 
cone, XN). 


64, 148, 171 . 












64 














5 














86 .. 














64 . 












Neutral brown (RD, 2RS)~ 


5,64,148 














5 












Nigrosine base (B, N, R, 2R). 


148 . 












Oil black 


181 












Oil blue (116R) 


181,234 














64 












Oil brown (D, M, Y, #79, #102) 


80, 148 . 












148 












Oil fast blue B . 


148 














148 












Oil fast red (M, Y) 


148 












Oil fast vellow (EG, 3G) 


64, 148.. - 














234 












Oil orange (0, 2R, #30, #67) 


34,55,80,148,231.. 
148 -- 


55, 805 


47, 725 


$42, 496 


$0.89 




Oil pink B 






Oil red (EG, EGN, G, I 1471, N 1700, 
O, OB, RO, #322). 


7, 34, 55, 80, 148, 

231. 
234 


75, 842 


90, 067 


82, 449 


.92 




Oil vellow (N, PHW) - 


34,64 -. 














55 -- 














86 














148 












Pigment ruhine (O, 3G) 


86 














X 












Rayon dyes: 

Black B - 


64 -. 












Black GDW - 


80 












Blue BB 


80 












Bordeaux B, 3B 


64 














64 












Brown RB 


80 














64 












Violet3B -.- -- 


64 














148 














148 














148 . 














45, 55 . 














64 














64 














64 














148 












Silk black (4BF, G) 


45 












Silk blue 10G 


64 












Silk brown (B, G, R) 


45, X 












Silk fast blue 3G - 


64 












Silk red (2B, 4B, 10B) 


45, X. . 












Stilbene brown 3GLX 


34 














34 














85 












Sudan orange (IT, RT) 


86 












Sudan red 4B 


86 














86 














86 














86 














86 












Vat blue BR 


62 












Wool blue (CG, CGG)__. 


148 














148 












Zambesi black (B, D, G, PC, V) 


45, 86, 148 -- 












64, X, X 












Total unclassified dyes 














17,744,983 


16, 460, 559 


19, 160, 390 


1.16 




Total dyes: 

Those for which individual sta- 
tistics are shown. 

Those for which individual sta- 
tistics cannot be shown. 








88, 810. 983 
33, 433, 596 


85, 531, 022 
32,515,105 


34.661,513 
29, 951, 401 


.41 






.92 










122.2-»4.f>79 


118046.127 


34 R12 914 


55 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 33 

PRODUCTION AND SALES OF DYES BY CLASSES OF APPLICATION 

Table 9 compares the production and sales of dyes by classes of 
application, in 1937 and 1936, with the average for the period 1925-30. 



Table 9. 



-Comparison of United States production and sales of dyes, by classes of 
application, 1925-30, 1936, and 1937 





Production 


Class of application 


Quantity 


Percent of total 




1925-30 
average 


1936 


1937 


1925-30 
average 


1936 


1937 




Pounds 

(') 

11,813,941 

( 2 ) 

4, 833, 382 

17,983,751 

1, 947, 124 

3,611,608 

20, 004, 635 

33, 221, 072 

27, 128, 311 

6,092,761 

587, 657 


Pounds 
2, 389, 885 
15, 974, 423 

( 2 ) 

5, 727, 303 

* 29,907, 029 

2, 722, 807 

6,639,112 

20, 717, 289 

34,449,513 

18. 039, 419 

16, 410, 094 

995, 185 


Pounds 

2,191,881 

15, 343. 304 

3 2,699,643 

5, 775, 239 

30, 595, 183 

3, 157, 406 

6, 192, 888 

20, 528, 542 

34, 501, 413 

18, 416, 903 

16,084,510 

1, 259, 080 




2.00 
13.38 


1.79 




12.57 


12. 55 




2.21 




5.14 
19.13 
2.07 
3.84 

21.28 


4.79 
25.02 
2.28 
5.55 
17.33 


4.73 




25.03 




2.58 




5.07 


Sulfur 


16.79 


Vat, total -.- 






28.86 

6.48 

.63 


15.09 

13.73 

.83 


15.06 


(6) Other --- - 


13. 16 


Unclassified.- 


1.03 






Total. 


94, 003, 170 


119,523,146 


122, 244, 579 


100. 00 


100. 00 


100. 00 








Sales 




Quantity 


Percent of total 




Pounds 

(') 
11,699,667 

( 2 ) 

4, 709, 926 

17, 5S0, 927 

1,896,821 

3, 55S, 732 

19,810,565 

32, 429, 018 

27, 111, 575 

5, 317, 443 

521, 625 


Pcunds 
1, 943, 406 

15, 528, 825 

( 2 ) 

5, 465, 227 

• 29,495, 273 

2, 624, 777 

6, 234, 937 

20,812,369 

34, 557, 262 

17, 848, 853 

16, 708, 409 
910, 747 


Pounds 

2, 099, 587 

14,911,413 

3 2,391,318 

5, 433, 966 

29, 152, 360 

2, 949, 908 

6, 008, 996 

20, 455, 232 

33, 406, 528 

17, 790, 949 

15, 615, 579 

1,236,819 




1.65 
13.21 


1.78 




12.69 


12.63 




2.03 




5.11 
19.07 
2.06 
3.86 
21.48 


4.65 
25.09 
2.23 
5.31 
17.70 


4.60 


Direct - 


24.69 




2.50 




5.09 


Sulfur 


17.33 


Vat, total 






29.40 

5.77 
.56 


15.18 

14.21 

.77 


15.07 


(6) Other. 


13.23 




1.05 






Total 


92, 207, 281 


117,572,823 


118,046,127 


100. 00 


100. 00 


100. 00 








Sales 




Value 


Percent of total 




0) 
$8, 651, 526 

( 2 ) 
3, 977, 258 
9, 076, 783 
1, 681, 736 
2, 212, 390 
3, 928, 982 
9,114,973 
3, 741, 314 
5, 373, 659 
784, 604 


$2, 473, 296 
11,933,721 

(?) 

4, 905, 755 

« 17,497, 791 

1,714,916 

3,116,262 

4, 635, 256 

16, 611, 526 

?, 889, 105 

13, 722, 421 

797, 034 


$2, 314, 350 
11,461,325 
3 4, 168, 537 
5, 059, 983 
15,138,355 
1, 853, 690 
2, 880, 527 
4, 609, 158 
16,075,211 
2, 965, 248 
13, 109, 963 
1, 051, 778 




3.88 
18.74 


3.58 


Acid— 


21.94 


17.74 




6.45 


Basic -. 


10.09 
23.02 
4.27 
5.61 
9.96 


7.70 

27.48 

2.69 

4.89 

7.28 


7.83 


Direct - 


23.43 




2.87 




4.46 


Sulfur 


7.13 


Vat, total 




(a) Indigo 


9.49 
13.63 
1.99 


4.54 

21.55 

1.25 


4.59 


(6) Other. 


20.29 


Unclassified 


1.63 






Total 


39, 428, 252 


63, 685, 557 


64,612,914 


Kin. (id 


100. 00 


100. 00 







1 Not shown separately during 1925-30. 
' Not shown separately prior to 1937. . 

« Includes azoic dyes (rapid fast and rapidogene dyes) and their components (fast color salts and 
naphthol AS derivatives). 
• Includes rapid fast dyes and rapidogene dyes. 



34 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



COLOR LAKES AND TONERS 

The 50 domestic makers of color lakes and toners report an output 
of 18,041,000 pounds, with sales of 15,263,000 pounds, valued at 
$11,812,000, or an average of 77 cents per pound. This activity is 
an increase of 17.5 percent in production, 12 percent in sales quantity, 
and 16 percent in sales value over the preceding year. 

Toners or full strength colors are the most important class of this 
group, followed by lakes and extended colors, and by reduced toners. 

Table 10 shows production and sales of color lakes and toners in 
1937. 

Table 10. — Color lakes and toners: United States production and sales, 1937 

[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on 
p. 54. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification num- 
ber with the designated product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that the sta- 
tistics of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information with regard to individual 
firms. The figures thus concealed are, however, included in the total] 



Name of product 



LAKES AND EXTENDED 
COLORS 

Alizarin 

Azo Bordeaux 

Black. 

Blue.. 

Brown 

Eosine and phloxine 

Fast light yellow 

Green 

Helio fast rubine 

Lithol rubine and maroon 



Methyl violet 

Naphthol yellow 

Orange 

Peacock blue 

Persian orange 

Phosphomolybdic acid 
lakes, total. 

Blue 

Brown 

Green 

Purple 

Red 

1 Included in all other. 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list on p. 51) 



12, 64, 97, 123, 126, 138, 142, 157, 176, 

199, 217, 218, 234, X, X, X, X, X, 

XXX 
2, 12, 29, 64, 104, 126, 138, 142, 176, 

218 XXX 
44, 73' 97, 123," 138, 217, 218, 234, X. 
12, 29, 44, 64, 73, 97, 104, 119, 123, 

138, 157, 208, 217, 218, 231, X, X, 

X, X,X,X, X, X. 

138, 217, 218, 231, 234, X 

29, 36, 44. 64, 73, 77, 97, 115, 123, 126, 

138, 199, 208, 217, 218, X, X, X, 

X, X. 
12, 77, 104, 123, 138, 208, 218, X, X, 

X X 
12, 29, 44, 64, 73, 77, 97, 104, 123, 126, 

138, 157, 208, 217, 218, X, X, X, 

X, X, X, X, X, X, X, X, X, X. 
12, 29, 64, 104, 123, 138, 208, X, X, 

X X X X X 
12, 29, 36, 44, 64, 73, 77, 97, 104, 119, 

123, 126, 142, 157, 197, 199, 208, 

217, 218, 231, X, X, X, X, X, X, 

X. 
12, 29, 44, 64, 66, 77, 97, 104, 123, 126, 

138, 199, 208, 218, 234, X, X, X, 

X, X. 
12, 73, 77, 123, 218, 234, X, X, X.. 
29, 36, 44, 64, 77, 97, 104, 115, 123, 

138, 217, 218, 231, X, X, X, X, 

XXX 
12, 29f36, 44, 64, 73, 77, 102, 104, 123, 

126, 138, 199, 208, 217, 218, 234, X, 

X X X X X X 
12, 36, 64, 73, 77, 102,' 123, 126, 138, 

199, 208, 218, X, X, X, X, X, X, 

X, X, X. 



12, 36, 77, 104, 208, X, X. 

X 

12, 77, 157, X 

12, 36, X 

12, 157, X 



Produc- 
tion 



Pounds 
144, 602 



367,615 



78. 573 
295, 723 



41,030 
140, 040 

162, 606 
333, 246 

48, 657 
911,003 



30, 783 
221, 157 



1,562,411 
500, 594 
86, 159 



Sales 



Quantity 



Pounds 
125, 976 



66, 357 
160, 994 



(') 
129, 922 



53, 309 
221, 440 

26, 586 
911,361 

148, 271 



30, 805 
135, 409 



1, 214, 120 

335, 487 

63, 422 



Value 



$154, 900 



89, 912 

34, 790 

86, 870 



(>) 
110,112 



39, 660 
112, 253 

44,412 
238, 910 

77, 359 



21, 708 
38, 147 



675, 796 
134, 856 
51, 227 



Unit 
value 



$1.23 



.27 



.52 
.54 



.74 
.51 

1.67 
.26 

.52 



.56 
.40 
.81 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 35 

Table 10. — Color lakes and toners: United States production and sales, 1937 — Con. 





Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list on p. 54) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of product 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


LAKES AND EXTENDED 

colors — continued 

Phosphotungstie acid lakes: 
Blue 


29, 34, 44, 64, 77, 97, 104, 119, 123, 

126, 138, 199, 208, 218, 234, X. X, 

X, X, X, X. 
29, 34, 44, 64, 77, 97, 104, 123, 126, 

138, 218, 234, X, X, X, X, X, X, 

X. 
29, 44, 126, 199, 218, 234, X, X, X-. 
44, 64, 73, 77, 97, 104, 126, 138, 199, 

218, 234, X, X, X, X, X, X, X, 

X. 

73, 97, 138, 217, X, X 

12, 29, 64, 77, 102, 104, 123, 126, 138, 

176, 199, 217, 218, 234, X, X, X, 

X, X, X. 
12, 123, 199, 208, X, X, X 


Pounds 
493, 314 

208, 538 

28, 082 
147, 257 

5,824 
449, 521 

22, 845 
330, 261 

783, 305 

239, 212 

31, 698 
216, 182 

104, 252 


Pounds 
484, 207 

200, 933 

30, 231 
125, 822 

1,473 

206, 607 

24, 659 
301, 276 

697, 768 

218, 110 

24,424 
116, 093 

57, 620 


$389, 036 
124, 847 

31, 565 

65, 649 

2,264 
140, 081 

18, 260 
134, 625 

202, 249 

125, 085 

12, 572 
37, 552 

20, 945 


$0.80 




.62 




1.04 


Red 


.52 


All other 


1.54 




.68 




.74 


Red... 


29, 64, 73, 77, 97, 104, 119, 138, 199, 

208, 217, 218, 231, X, X, X, X, 

X, X, X, X, X. 
2, 12, 29, 36, 44, 64, 97, 119, 123, 126, 

176, 199, 217, 218, 231, X, X, X, 

X. 
12, 36, 77, 102, 104, 123, 138, 199, 

208, 218, X, X, X, X, X. 
12, 64, 77. 97, 104, 138, 217, 231, X, X_. 
12, 64, 104, 115, 138, 218, X, X, X, 

X, X. 
36, 119, 138, 217, 218, 231, 234, X, X, 

X. 


.45 


Scarlet 2R 


.29 


Tartrazine.. 


.57 


Violet 


.51 


Yellow 


.32 


All other 


.36 








8, 139, 988 


6, 440, 125 


3, 215, 642 


.50 


tended colors. 


34, 208, X, X 




TONEES OR FULL STRENGTH 
COLORS 


645, 207 
405, 948 

235, 579 

546, 862 

2, 561, 744 

105, 265 
356, 213 
200, 620 

47, 288 
1, 271, 309 

106, 143 

84,728 


629, 045 
217, 648 

183, 928 

485, 329 

2, 426, 522 

90, 922 

351, 318 

171, 420 

43, 562 

1, 136, 743 

105, 776 
64, 753 


682, 035 
338, 945 

244, 855 

444,823 

1,614,989 

104, 335 
799, 081 
228, 048 
39, 746 
852, 432 

87, 046 
190, 193 


1.08 


Eosine and phloxine 


12, 73, 77, 97, 102, 123, 126, 199, 208, 

218, 234, X. 
12, 36, 102, 104, 115, 123, 199, 234, X, 

x,x,x,x. 

12, 34, 36, 64, 73, 77, 102, 104, 115. 

123, 126, 138, 199, 208, 218, 234, X, 

X X X X 
12, 36, 64, '73,77, 102, 104, 115, 119, 

123, 126, 199, 217, 218, 231, 234, X, 

X, X, X. 
12, 64, 73, 77, 102, 119, 123, 126, 199, 

X, X, X, X. 
12, 64, 73, 77, 102, 119, 123, 126, 176, 

217, 231, 234, X, X, X, X, X. 

12, 29, 34, 73, 77, 97, 104, 115, 126, 

208, 217, 218, 234, X, X, X, X. 
12, 77, 102, 104, 119, 126, 199, 217, 

218, X, X. 

2, 12, 29, 36, 64, 73, 102, 119, 123, 126, 
176, 199, 217, 218, 231, X, X, X, 
X, X, X, X, X, X. 

34, 102, 234, X 


1.56 
1.33 


Lake Red C and D 


.92 


Lithol 


.67 




1.15 


Maroon 


2.27 


Methyl violet 


1.33 


Orange 


.91 


Para red _. 


.75 




.82 






2.94 


ers, total. 
Blue 


12, 36, 64, 73, 77, 102, 104, 123, X, X. 


























Red 
























Phosphotungstie acid ton- 
ers: 
Blue 


29, 64, 73, 77, 102, 104, 123, 126, 138, 
199. 217, 218, 234, X, X, X, X, X, 
X. 

29, 44, 64, 77, 102, 104, 115, 123, 126, 
138, 176, 199, 208, 217, 218, 234, X, 

X, x,x,x,x,x. 


140, 426 
118,772 


125, 852 
107, 647 


432, 721 
292, 551 


3.44 


Green 


2.72 







36 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 10. — Color lakes and toners: United States production and sales, 1937 — Con. 



Name of product 



TONERS OR FULL STRENGTH 

colors— continued 

Phosphotungstic acid ton- 
ers—Continued. 
Purple 



Ked. 



Red 

Toluidine red. 

All other 



Total toners or full 
strength colors. 

REDUCED TONERS 

Lake red C and D 

Lithol 



Para red 

Toluidine red- 



All other - 

Total reduced toners. 



Total color lakes and 
toners. 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list on p. 54) 



29, 64, 77, 102, 104, 126, 138, 176, 199, 
208, 217, 218, X, X, X, X, X. 

29, 44, 64, 73, 77, 104, 126, 138, 199, 
218 XXX 

29, 34, 64, 102, 104, 208, 231, 234, X, 
XXX 

2, 12, 36, 64, 73, 102, 104, 119, 123, 
126, 176, 199, 217, 218, 231, X, X, 
X, X, X, X, X, X, X, X, X. 

12, 64, 73, 102, 104, 119, X, X 



12, 36, 64, 73, 97, 104, 123, 126, 138, 

199, 208, 218, 234, X, X, X. 
12, 29, 64, 73, 77, 97, 104, 123, 126, 

138, 199, 20S, 217, 218, 231, 234, 

X X X X X X 
2, 12, 29, 36', 64' 73* 97,' 104, 123, 126, 

176, 217, 218, 231, X, X, X, X, X, 

X X 
2, 12, 29, 36, 64, 73, 97, 104, 119, 123, 

126, 176, 208, 217, 218, 231, X, X, 

X, X, X, X, X, X, X, X. 
2, 12, 64, 97, 138, 218, X, X, X 



Produc- 
tion 



Pounds 
84, 352 

97, 325 

282, 280 
940, 047 

120, 680 



8, 350, 788 



101, 898 
401, 249 

630, 909 

267, 258 

148, 485 



1, 549, 799 



18, 040, 575 



Sales 



Quantity 



Pounds 
79, 050 

94,401 

275, 826 

807, 034 

119, 340 



7, 516, 116 



93, 721 
393, 735 

525, 149 

222, 263 

71, 767 



1, 306, 635 



15, 262, 876 



Value 



$137, 016 

120, 177 

282, 769 

1, 081, 923 

177, 432 



8, 151, 117 



54, 660 
150, 437 

89, 507 

77, 485 

73, 352 



Unit 
value 



445, 441 



11, 812, 200 



$1. 73 
1.27 
1.03 
1.34 

1.49 
1.08 

.58 
.38 

.17 

.35 

1.02 
.34 
.77 



MEDICINALS 

Synthetic medicinals were produced in increased quantity in 1937. 
The 47 makers of coal-tar medicinals produced 14,800,000 pounds, 
with sales of 11,989,000 pounds, valued at $11,496,000. Aspirin sales 
increased 25 percent to a peak of 5,144,000 pounds. Sulfanilamide, 
a minor item in 1936, showed sales of 267,000 pounds, valued at $1,322,- 
000 in 1937, the average value being $4.95 per pound. Mandelic 
acid and salts increased more than 200 percent in output. Among 
the outstanding changes were sharp decreases in the prices of the 
arsphenamines and the several medicinal dyes. 

Production of non-coal-tar synthetic medicinals, by 37 makers, 
totaled 1,814,000 pounds, with sales of 1,442,000 pounds, valued at 
$2,408,000, or an average of $1.67 per pound. Amino acetic acid, a 
relatively new product in this group, increased more than 100 per- 
cent in production, 90 percent in sales quantity, and 100 percent in 
sales value over 1936. Average sales price was $1.86 per pound, as 
compared with $4.89 per pound in 1933. Further decline in the 
production and sales of certain barbituric acid derivatives is noted. 

Table 11 shows production and sales of synthetic medicinals in 
1937. 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



37 



Table 11. — Synthetic medicinals: United States production and sales, 1937 

[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on 
p. 54. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification num- 
ber with the designated product. Blan ks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that the statistics 
of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information in regard to individual firms. 
The figures thus concealed, however, are included in the total] 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (accord- 
ing to list on p. 54) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of medicinal 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAR 


47, 62, 141, 145 

62, 145, X 


Pounds 
986, 429 


Pounds 
950, 827 


$189, 739 


$0 20 






Acetylamino-hydroxy-phenyl-arsonicacid. 


1, X 










Acetyl-p-aminophenyl salicylate (Salo- 


X.... 










phen). 
Acetyl phenylhydrazine... 


188 












62, 145, X, X, X, 

X. 
1, 34, 64, 84, 143, 

145, 153, X, X, 

X. 
1 


4, 997, 453 
355, 369 


5, 143, 672 
267, 104 


2, 624, 133 
1, 322, 412 


.51 


p-Aminobenzosulfonamide (Sulfanila- 
mide). 

p-Aminobenzovl di-n-butvlamino pro- 


4.95 


panol (Butyn base). 
p-Aininobenzoyl di-n-butvlamino propa- 


1 










nol sulfate (Butyn sulfate). 
p-Aminobenzoyldieth ylaminoethanol 

(Procaine). 
p-Aminobenzovl dime thylaminomethyl 


1, 84, 160, 164, 209, 
X, X. 
X.... 


13, 456 


13, 154 


381, 390 


28.99 


butanol hydrochloride (Tutocain). 


X 










hydrochloride (Mapharsen). 
Ammonium mandelate 


X 










Amyl-m-eresol 


X 










Antipyrine. 


62. 










Arsanilic acid 


1, X_. 










Arsphenamine 

Barbituric acid derivatives: 

Cvclohexenvlmethvlmethvl barbi- 


1,60, 136, 143.X, X. 
X. 


237 


266 


36, 423 


136. 93 


turic acid and salt. 
Phenobarbital... 


1, 84, 136, 143, 209, 

X X 
1, 84,' 136, 143, 209, 

X. 
X. 


94, 195 
9,301 


92, 171 
10, 527 


419, 390 
40, 958 


4.55 


Phenobartital sodium.. 


3.89 


Phenvlethylmethyl barbituric acid... 




l-p-Tolyl-5:5-ethyl-n-butyl barbituric 


X 










acid. 
Benzaldehvde 


101, 209, 221, X 

192 


73, 086 


65, 744 


54, 144 


.82 






Benzoic acid 


64, 145, 209 










Benzoyl-tetramethvldiamino-ethyl-iso- 


X. 










propanol hydrochloride. 
Benzylmethyl ketone 


X. 










Benzyl phthalimide 


X 












192. 










Bismethvl benzylidine 


X 










Bismuth betanaphthol. 


153, X 












X 












62... 










n-Butyl-p-aminobenzoate (Butesin) . 


1... 












X... 










ethanol. 
Caffeine sodium benzoate 


136, 143, 153, 192... 
153 .. 


1,805 


1,269 


3,640 


2.87 








X 












X .. 












193 












191. . 










chloride. 


X 












X 












1... 










nol (Butesin picrate). 


X 










thoxy quinoline. 


X 










(E pi nine). 


X 












X. 












X 












X 












X 











38 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 11. — Synthetic medicinals: United States production and sales, 1987 — Con. 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (accord- 
ing to list on p. 54) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of medicinal 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(a) coal-tar — continued 
3:4-Dimethoxy phenylpropionic acid 


X 


Pounds 


Pounds 






4-Dimethylamino antipyrine (Aminopy- 


148, X 










rine). 
Dinitrophenol 


64.. 










Dioxy anthranol (Anthralin).. 


1 












X 










Disodiumhydroxymercurisalicyloxy ace- 


X 










tate (Merenrosol). 
Dyes, medicinal, total.. 




40, 104 


38, 089 


$759, 299 


$19. 93 


Acri violet 


148. 




Brilliant green 


148. 










3:6-Diamino acridine sulfate (Pro- 


148 










flavine). 
3:6-Diamino-10-methyl acridine chlo- 


1, 148.... 










ride (Acriflavine). 
Dibromohydroxymercurifluorescein 


107 










sodium salt (Mercurochrome). 
Gentian violet 


148 










Hexalet 


X... 










Methylene blue 


34, 148 










Methyl violet 


148... 










Phenolsulfonphthalein 


107, X 










Scarlet red 


148 










Stovarsol and salts 


X 










Sulfosalicylic acid 


70, X.... 










Trvparsamide 


X 










Ethocaine borate (Borocaine) 


193, X 










Ethyl-p-amino benzoate (Benzocaine) 

(Anesthesine). 
Ethylenediamine mandelate 


1, 84, 143, 160, 192, 

209, X, X, X. 
174.... 


15, 149 


12, 444 


44, 054 


3.54 


Gamma - diethvlaminopropvlcinnamate 


X. 










hydrochloride (Apothesine). 
Guaiacol (liquid) 


101, 145... 










Hexylresorcinol 


193.. 










8-Hydroxyquinoline (Oxvquinoline. base). 


X. X.... 










8-Hydroxyquinoline-5-sulfonic acid 


X 










o-Iodobenzoic acid 


70, X. 










o-Iodosobenzoic acid. 


X 










Iodoxyquinoline sulfonic acid (Yatren 


X, X 










acid) . 
Laevo-methvlaminoethanol catechol 


x__ 










(Epinephrine). 
Lithium benzoate 


x_ 










Lithium salicylate 


X .. 










Magnesium salicylate 


62, 101, 136 




5,487 
121, 932 


5,482 
242, 210 


1.00 


Mandelic acid and salts 


1,84,136,143,153... 
X. 


14S, 408 


1.99 


Menthvi salicylate 




2-Methoxv-6-chloro-9-d<ethylaminopentyl- 


X... 










amino-acridine. 
Methyl-m-amino-p-hvdroxy benzoate 


x._ 










(Orthofoim). 


X 










pirin). 
Methylene disalicylic acid derivative 


X 










(Formidine). 
p-Methylphenvl cinchoninic ethyl ester 


1, 34, X 










(Neocinchophen) . 


160 










ate (Amylcaine). 


160 










ate (Monocaine). 
Neoarsphenamine 


1, 60, 136, 143, X, X. 
1 


8,797 


8,238 


1, 083, 991 


131.58 








X... 












X, X . 










Oxvquinoline citrate 


X, X... 










Oxyquinoline sulfate. - 


X, X... 










Oxyquinoline tannate_ . 


X... 










Phenobarbital (see Barbituric acid deriva- 
tives). 
Phenolphthalein 


145, X, X 


460, 400 








Phenolsulfonates (calcium, sodium, zinc, 


136, X 








etc.). 
Phenylazo-diamino pyridine hydrochlo- 


182 










ride (Pyridium). 













DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 39 

Table 11. — Synthetic medicinals: United States production and sales, 1987 — Con. 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (accord- 
ing to list on p. 54) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of medicinal 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) coal-tar— continued 
Pnenvlethvlmethyl urea sodium. 


X 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Phenvl isocyanate 


70 










b-Phenylisopropyl amine and suliate 


X... 










Phenyl mercuric acetate - 


71, 96.... 










Phenvl mercuric benzoate ._ 


96.. 










Phenvl mercuric chloride 


96 










Phenyl mercuric hydroxide... 


71, 96.... 










Phenvl mercuric nitrate 


71,96 










Phenylmethvlisopropyl antipyrine (Iso- 


103 










propyl antipyrine). 
Phenylpropanolamine hydrochloride 


193 










(Propadrin hydrochloride) . 
2-Phenylquinoline-4-carboxylic acid and 


34, X 










salts (Cinchophen) (Phenyl einchoninic 
acid) . 


X 












X 










Pyramidon and trichloroethyl alcohol 


X 










urethane compounds. 


64, 168 












70, 143, 192 












62, 101, 145, X 

62 


4, 402, 889 


2, 283, 420 


$610, 549 


$0.27 


Salol - 




Silver arsphenamine 


1, X 










Sodium o-iodohippurate . 


136 










Sodium methylene sulfonamino-hydroxy- 


1 










phenyl arsonate. 
Sodium salicylate .. _ . 


62, 101, 145 










Sodium p-toluene sulfochloramide (Chlo- 


145 










ramine T). 
Strontium salicylate 


62, 101, 136 










Succinic peroxide 


X 










Sulfanilamide. (See p-Aminobenzosulfo- 
namide.) 


1, 60, 136, 143, X, X. 
191 


325 


291 


49,323 


169. 49 


Tetrabromo-o-cresol 




Tetraiodophenolphthalein sodium salt 

(Iodeikon) (Antinosin). 
Theobromine and sodium salicylate.. . .. 


70,136, 143, 148, X, 

X 
136, 143, 153 


5,997 


4,940 


73, 018 


14.78 


Theophylline calcium salicylate. 


X 










Theophylline sodium salicylate 


X... 










Thymol p-aminobenzoate .. 


160... 










p-Toluene sulfodichloramide (Dichlora- 


145. 










mine T) . 


X 










All other medicinals of'coal-tar origin 


1, X 






















Total coal-tar medicinals: 


11,573,296 
3, 226, 525 


8, 981, 486 
3, 007, 873 


7, 180, S56 
4, 315, 189 


.80 


statistics are shown. 
Those for which individual 




1.43 


statistics cannot be shown. 








14, 799, 821 


11,989,359 


11, 496, 045 


.96 








(B) NON-COAL-TAR 










Adenine sulfate 


70 










Aminoacetic acid (Glycocol) (Glycine) 

Amvl nitrite (Isoamyi nitrite) .. 


6, 62, 64, 169, 209, X. 
70, 136. X 


116, 344 


105, 405 


195, 879 


1.86 


Ascorbic acid... . 


X, X. 














119,83c 


67, 844 


419, 457 


6.18 




103 






103 










Butyl ethyl barbituric acid and salts. 


1 










Calcium isopropyl ethyl barbituric 


X 










acid and salts 


X 










and salts. 


X 












X 










(Dibromin). 


1, 84, 103, X. 










bital). 


X 










onic acid. 













40 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 11. — Synthetic medicinals: United States production and sales, 1937 — Con 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (accord- 
ing to list on p. 54) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of medicinal 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value- 


(b) non-coal-tar— continued 

Hexylethyl barbiturate sodium (Ortal 

sodium). 
Isoamyl ethyl barbituric acid and salts. 

Isopropyl ethyl malonic ester 

Monoethyl-ethyl malonic acid 

Propyl-methyl-carbinyl-allyl-barbitu- 

rate sodium. 


X 


Pounds 


Pounds 






129 










X. 










1 










129 










62, 130.. 












43, X 












X 












X 










Calcium lactate. (See table 15.) 


X 










Camphor (synthetic). (See table 15.) 


X 












145, X 












143, X, X, X 










Chloroform. (See table 15.) 


X 












70 










Diethyltiromoacetyl bromide (Bromo 

acid). 
Ether, absolute. (See table 15.) 
Ethyl chloride. (See table 15.) 
Ethyl ether. (See table 15.) 


X .. 










X . 












X 












70,71,130,143 . 












1 












81.136,143 


24, 629 


16, 776 


$10,537 


SO. 63 




174 






174 . 












174 












70,136... 












101, 145 .. 












64, 101 










Hexamethylenetetramineanhydromethy- 

lene citrate. 
Hexamethylenetetramine tetra iodide 


X . 










174 










136,143,153 

X 


12, 537 
















Lactic acid. (See table 15.) 


111 












139,209, X... 












160 












70,71,136,143 

X 


515 


459 


2,319 


5.05 








70, 143, X 












X 










bismolV 


X 












136 












136 












64,99,143... 


75, 475 










153 








Theophylline and derivatives: 


84, 136, X, X 










Ethylenediamine ( Aminophy lline) . . - 


10, 63, 84, 135, X, 

X, X, X, X. 
136, X 


8,810 
















X 












136,143,153 

X 


7,507 


6,000 


18, 603 


3.10 








62, X 












62 










Tribromotertiarybutyl alcohol (Brome- 

tone) . 
Trichlorotertiarybutyl alcohol (Chlore- 

tone). 
Other medicinals 


X 










X 




















Total non-coal-tar medicinals: 




245, 817 
1, 568, 218 


128, 640 
1, 313, 430 


227, 338 
2,181,033 


1.77 


statistics are shown. 




1.66 


statistics cannot be shown. 






Grand total 


1, 814, 035 


1,442,070 


2, 408, 371 


1.67 









DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



41 



FLAVORS AND PERFUME MATERIALS 

These important synthetics were produced in increased quantity and 
variety in 1937. Production of those of coal-tar origin amounted to 
4,356,000 pounds, or 25 percent more than in 1936. The 28 makers 
report sales of 3,907,000 pounds, valued at $3,983,000, or 14 percent 
more by quantity and 24 percent more by value than in the preceding 
year. Among the outstanding features of this group in the past year 
are a 36 percent increase in sales of coumarin, and a 26 percent increase 
in sales quantity and 33 percent in sales value of vanillin. It should be 
noted that vanillin from whatever source is included under coal-tar 
flavors. 

Synthetic flavors and perfume materials not of coal-tar origin were 
produced by 27 makers in 1937, and the output totaled 1^,803,000 
pounds, or 51 percent increase over 1936. Sales were 1,560,000 
pounds, valued at $1,024,000, or 35 percent more by quantity and 19 
percent more by value than in the preceding year. Unusual increases 
are noted for geraniol, methyl ionone, and terpineol. Sales of geraniol 
increased 60 percent by quantity and 37 percent by value, while sales of 
methyl ionone increased 63 percent and of terpineol more than 50 per- 
cent in both quantity and value. 

Table 12 shows production and sales of synthetic flavors and per- 
fume materials in 1937. 

Table 12. — Synthetic flavors and perfume materials: United States production and 

sales, 1937 

[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on 
p. 54. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number 
with the designated product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that the statistics of 
production or sales cannot be published without revealing information in regard to individual firms. 
The figures thus concealed, however, are included in the total] 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list on 
p. 54) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of flavor or perfume material 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAR 

Acetophenone 


78, 83, X, X, X, X 

209 


Pounds 
16, 585 


Pounds 






Amino-carvacrol 








Arnyl benzoate 


78 










Amyl cinnamic aldehyde 


75, 78, 139, 221, X, X, 

X, X. 
62, 78, 198, X, X, X, X . 
105 


50, 187 
50,285 


48, 198 
49, 955 


$86, 985 
24, 224 


$1.80 


Amyl salicylate 


.48 


Benzal chloride 






X 










Benzophenone 


64, 78, 83, X... 










Benzoyl isoeugenol 


75... 










Benzyl acetate 


78, 139, 198, 209, X 










Benzyl alcohol 


78, 105, 139, 198,209, X. 
78, 139, 198, 209, X, X _ 
75,78, X, X 

78, X 












33, 672 
236 


32, 126 
178 


26,127 
269 


.81 


Benzyl butyrate 


1.51 


Benzyl cinnamate 






78, 221 










Benzvl isobutyrate 


75 










Benzyl isoeugenol 


75, 78 










Benzylphenyl acetate 


75 










Benzyl propionate 


75, 78, 139, 221, X, X.. 
78, 83, 139, 221, X 

75, 78 . 


1,429 
7,157 


1,247 
7,214 


2,089 
11, 149 


1.68 


Benzyl salicylate. .. 


1.55 


Benzyl valerate 




Benzylidine acetone.. 


221... 










Bromstyrol... 


X .. 










Butylphenyl acetate 


75 .. 










Carvacrol 


209 










Carvacryl acetate 


209 . 










Carvo-menthoL ;.. 


209 










Carvo-menthone 


209 .. 










Cinnamic acid 


83, 209, X 










Cinnamic alcohol... 


78, 83, 141. 










Cinnamic aldehyde 


78, 139, 209.X, X.X.X- 


27, 477 


17, 185 


16, 282 


.95 



42 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 12. 



-Synthetic flavors and 'perfume materials: United States production and 
sales, 1937 — Continued 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list on 
P. 54) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of flavor or perfume material 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) coal-tar— continued 


75, 78 


Pounds 


Pounds 








75 












75. 78 












62, 64, 78, 141, 145 

78, 221 


216, 767 


186, 325 


$488, 939 


$2.62 








139 












75, 78 












X 










Dimethyl acetal of phenylacetaldehyde 


83, X 












75, 78 












78, 221 










Dimethyl hydroquhione... 


64, 78, X 










Diphenylmethane 


X 












62, 78, X 












75, 78, X 












78, 159,221, X, X, X.. 
78, 221 


1,797 


1,653 


1,620 


.98 








75, X 












X 












62, 78, X 


599 


432 


423 


.98 




141, 145, X 






75. 










p-Hydroxy benzoic acid esters (Asepto- 


X 










form) . 


75 












78 












78 












78, X 












75, 78... 












78. 












209 












78, 83, X, X, X 

62,139 


4,280 


2,864 


3,374 


1.18 








78, 101, 105, 159, 221... 












209, 221, X 










Methyl p-cresol 


75,78.-_ 












78,83.X 










Methvlphenyl acetate 


83, 221, X, X, X, X 

S3 


1,183 


1,056 


1,475 


1.40 




83 . 












62,78. 101, 145, X, X 

64, 139, X, X... 


1, 677, 329 


1, 538, 599 


497, 504 


.32 








64, 139, X, X... 




8,131 

55, 9 15 


29, 843 
60, 765 


3.67 




64, 139, X, X . 


56, 741 


1.09 




75 




b-Naphthyl ethyl ether (Nerolin) 


S3,X 










b-Naphthyl methyl ether (Yara yara).. 


83, X. 












75 „ 










Phenvlacetic acid 


83, 221, X, X, X... 










Phenylacetic aldehyde 


78 












X 










Phenylacetic ketone 


78 












1, 78, 221. X . 










Phenvlethvl alcohol.. 


62, 78, 221, 224, X, X 

78 


107, 320 


137, 091 


251,973 


1.84 




X... 












78. 221 












64.221. 












75.X... 












75 . 












145. . 












62.64 












X 












X 












X 










(Rosetone). 

Vanillidine 


X 










Vanillin 


141, 145, 190, X, X 


368, 330 


370. 930 


1,213,052 


3.27 


Total coal-tar flavors and per- 
fume materials: 
Those for which individual 


2,621,374 
1,734,919 


2, 459, 129 
1, 448, 088 


2, 716, 093 
1, 266, 414 


1.10 


si at is! ics are shown, 
Those for which individual 




.87 


statistics cannot be shown. 






Grand total 


4, 356, 293 


3,907,217 


3. 982, 507 


1.02 









DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



43 



Table 12. — Synthetic flavors and perfume materials: United States production and 

sales, 1937 — Continued 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list on 
p. 54) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of flavor or perfume material 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(B) NON-COAL-TAB 

Acetate: 

C 10 „ 


75... 


Pounds 


Pounds 






C 12 -. 


75 










Aldehyde: C 7 (Heptyl) 


75, X 












75, 78, X 












75 












33, 75, X 












X... 












75,X 












99,151.. 












78, X, X... 












75 . 












78,159 












78 












78 










Citral - 


33, 64, 75, 78, 131, 139, 
209, 221.X, X, X, X, 
X. 

75, 221, X, X, X 


36, 472 


33, 232 


$51, 852 


$1.56 








64, 78, 83, 139, 209, 221, 

X, X. 
75, 78, X.... 


15, 319 
38 


11, 083 
22 


16, 354 
62 


1.48 




2.82 




X 






78 












78. 












209, X 












X... 












33, 75,81, 159, X, X... 
159, X 


38,611 


36, 483 


23, 848 


.65 








81, 159, X... 












75 












75, 78, 159, X, X, X 

75, 78, 131, 221 


4,773 
15, 779 


4,526 
13, 652 


3,416 
9,494 


.75 




.70 




33, 221 






75 












78.X 










Formate: C 12 


75 












64, 75, 78, 83, 139, 209, 
214, 221, X, X,X,X, 
X X 

64, 75, 78, 83, 139, 209, 
X, X. 

75, 78 


368, 866 
14, 921 


328, 125 
11, 093 


212, 578 
11, 956 


.65 




1.08 








75, 78, X 












X, X, X 


41,884 










64, X . 








Hydroxy citronellal dimethyl acetal 


X 










75 












64, 139, 141, 209, 221, 

224, X, X. 
78, 81, 159, X . 


52, 393 


48, 605 


89, 392 


1.84 








78, 159, X 


552 
1,284 


310 
881 


282 
1,496 


.91 




75, 159, X, X 


1.70 




X, X, X 






64 
















































75, X, X, X,X. 

83, 209 


10, 095 


9,449 


24, 231 


2.56 








75, 78, 221, X, X, X 


5,873 


3,679 


8,010 


2.18 
























































64, 139, 141, 209, 221, 
224, X. 


32, 902 


26, 780 


68, 018 


2.54 






Octyl alcohol (sec) (Capryl alcohol) 


































64, 75, 78, 131, 214, 221 
X, X, X, X, X 


6,642 


4,743 


64,980 


13.70 







44 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 12. — Synthetic flavors and perfume materials: United States production and 

sales, 1937 — Continued 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list on 
p. 54) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of flavor or perfume material 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(B) non-coal-tar— continued 


75.X 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Rhodinyl acetate 


75, X 












75 












64, 99, X, X 


781, 152 


733, 070 


$147, 798 


$0 20 




64 






64, 75, X, X.. 










Undecalactone 


75.X 












75, X, X, X 






















Total non-coal-tar flavors and per- 
fume materials: 
Those for which individual 


1, 427, 575 
375, 192 


1, 265, 733 
294, 736 


733, 765 
290, 670 


.58 


statistics are shown. 




99 


statistics cannot be shown. 








1, 802, 767 


1, 560, 469 


1, 024, 435 


.66 









KESINS 

Activity in the production of synthetic resins continues to increase 
with a record output exceeding 160 million pounds in 1937, or 23 per- 
cent more than in 1936. Production of resins from coal tar exceeded 
141 million pounds, of which tar acid resins were the most important, 
followed by the alkyd resins. Tar acid resin production increased 
15 percent to 80,771,000 pounds, while alkyd resin increased 30 percent 
to 61,254,000 pounds. Cast phenolic resins show decreased produc- 
tion and sales compared with the preceding year. 

Resins not of coal-tar origin increased 35 percent in output to 
21,006,000 pounds, with sales of 18,891,000 pounds valued at $5,681,000, 
or 28 percent in quantity and 58 percent in value as compared 
with 1936. 

Table 13 shows production and sales of synthetic resins in 1937. 

Table 13. — Synthetic resins: United States production and sales, 1937 

[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on 
page 54. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification 
number with the designated product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that the 
statistics of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information in regard to indi- 
vidual firms. The figures thus concealed, however, are included in the total] 





Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list on 

p. 54) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of resin 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(a) coal-tar 
Adipic acid 


88. 


Pounds 
(') 

2, 803, 987 

58, 450, 032 

0) 


Pounds 
(') 

2, 154, 988 
32, 583, 307 

0) 






Alkyd: 

Maleic anhydride 

Phthalic anhydride 


8, 35, 38, 89, 99, 117, 128, 184, 
X X X X 

8, 19, 24, 31, 38', 64, 88, 117, 134, 
176, 184, 220, X, X, X, X, 
X, X, X, X, X, X, X, X, X, 
X,X,X,X,X, X, X,X, X- 
X. 

X 


$418, 183 
6,445,511 


$0.19 
.20 


Succinic acid 





• Not included in total. 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 45 

Table 13. — Synthetic resins: United States production and sales, 1937 — Contd. 



Name of resin 


Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list on 

p. 54) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 

valne 


(a) coal-tar — continued 


22, 150, X 


Pounds 
(') 
(') 
0) 
0) 

10, 701, 463 

5, 459. 654 
47, 898, 203 

14, 086, 283 

651, 979 
1, 972, 940 


Pounds 
(') 
0) 
0) 
0) 

8, 466, 610 

5, 335, 746 
45, 750, 777 

13, 277, 663 

654, 318 
977, 940 








64 






Styrol _ 


62, X 








145 






Tar.acids: 

Cresol or cresylic acid 

Phenol: 

Cast. 


65, 88, 184, 213, X, X, X, X, X, 
X, X. 

40, 64, 76, 114, 122. 137, X 

8, 24, 35, 49, 53, 65, 79, 88, 128, 
184, 185, X, X, X, X, X, X, 
X, X, X, X, X, X, X. 

88, 100, 134, 187, X, X, X, X, X, 
X. 

88, X, X, X 


$976, 549 

2, 180, 620 
6, 812, 799 

3, 464, 791 

122, 137 
161, 566 


$0.12 
.41 


Other 


.15 




.26 




.19 


Xylenols and cresols 


18, 88, X, X... 


.17 






142,024,541 


109,201,349 


20, 582, 156 


. 19 


(b) non-coal-tar 
Abalyn-hydrogen-nitrogen . 


99 












99, X 












64, X, X 












X 












X... 












99 .. 












8, 64, 184, X, X, X, X, X, X... 












X 










Vinyl acetate and chloride 

Wood rosin-methyl alcohol 


37, 64, 76, 91 










99 




















21, 005, 869 


18, 891, 277 


5, 680, GOO 


.30 









RUBBER CHEMICALS 

Synthetic rubber chemicals were produced in somewhat smaller 
quantities in 1937. The 10 makers report production of 29,202,000 
pounds of coal-tar rubber chemicals, of which 15,166,000 pounds were 
accelerators and 14,036,000 pounds antioxidants. 

Statistics of production and sales of non-coal-tar rubber chemicals 
arc not publishable since the figures would reveal the activity of indi- 
vidual firms. 

Table 14 shows production and sales of synthetic rubber chemicals 
in 1937. 



46 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 14. — Synthetic rubber chemicals: United Stales production and sales, 1937 

[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on p. 54. 
An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number with 
the designate'! product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that the statistics of 
production or sales cannot be published without revealing information in regard to individual firms. 
The figures thus concealed, however, are included in the total] 





Manufac- 
turers' iden- 
tification 
numbers (ac- 
cording to 
list on p. 54) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAR 




Pounds 
15, 166, 301 


Pounds 
10, 782, 910 


$4, 503, 236 


$0.42 




64, 145, X___ 




Aldehyde-amines: 












64,91,145, X. 












X 










Ethyl b-propylacryl aniline .. 


X .. 










X 










Methylene aniline (anhydroformaldehyde 
aniline). 
Other: 


64,145 .. 










91 












145 












X 












X 










Carbon disulfide on methylene dipiperidine. 


145 










X 












145 . 












145 










guanidine phthalate and anhydroformalde- 
hyde aniline. 


X 










Dimethylethylenediphenyldithiocarbamate 

lead salt. 
Dinitrophenylbenzothiazyl sulfide plus di- 

phenylguanidine acetate. 

Dinitrophenvldimethyldithiocarbamate 

Dinitrophenyl ester of mercaptobenzothiazole 
Diphenylcarbamyldimethyldithiocarbamate- 


X . 










145, X 










X . 










145 










X 










8, 62, 64, 145_ 
145 


1, 862, 029 


1,267,226 


416, 205 


.33 








145 










Diphenylguanidine and dinitrophenyl ester 
of mercaptobenzothiazole. 

Diphenylguanidine phthalate, diphenyl- 
guanidine and dinitrophenyl ester of mer- 
captobenzothiazole. 


145 










145 










64, X 












64 










Hexaniethylenetetramine ester of mercapto- 
benzothiazole. 


145 










145, X, X... 










Mercaptobenzothiazole on benzyl chloride 
addition of hexamethylenetetramine. 

Mercaptobenzothiazole methylene aniline. .. 

Mercaptobenzothiazole methylene-o-tolui- 
dine. 

Mercaptobenzothiazole potassium salt 


64 










X 










X . 










64 










145 . 












64, 145, X_. 












64 . 












145 












X .. 










Methylene p-toluidine (anhydroformalde- 
hyde p-toluidine). 

Piperidine penta methylene dithiocarbamate 
and potassium salt. 


64 










64 










64, 145, 148 
64, 14S 


371,256 


207,565 


47, 820 


.23 








X 
























14, 036, 042 


10, 126, 462 


3, 690, 654 


.36 










X 












145..- 












145 .. 












145 












64 .. 










Antox. 


64 






.::::: ::::i::. 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



47 



Table 14. — Synthetic rubber chemicals: United States production and sales, 1937 — 

Continued 





Manufac- 
turers' iden- 
tification 
numbers (ac- 
cording to 
list on p. 54) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) coal-tar — continued 

Antioxidants— Con. 

Crotonyiidine-a-naphthvlamine 


91 


Pounds 


Pounds 






2:4-Diaminodiphenylamine 


145 










b-Di-p-hydroxy phenjipropane 


X 










Dimethoxv diphenvlamine 


64 












X 












X . 










Diphenyl ethvlenediamine - 


X 












91 










Diphenyl-p-phenylenediamine . ... 


64, 91, X 

145 


688, 065 








Diphenyl-p-phenylenediamine and p-amino- 
diphenyl acetone compound.. ._ ._ . .. ... 








Diphenyl-p-phenylenediamine and aniline ace- 
tone, acid derivatives 


145 










Ditohiamines... 


91.. 










Di-o-tolvlethylenediamine . . 


X 










Di-o-tolvlguanidine salt of dicatechol borate.. .. 


64 












64 












04 










Isopropoxy diphenylamine 


91 










p-Methyl-p-(p-tolylsulfonylamino) diphenyl- 
amine.. _ .. 


X 












91 










Phenol-cvelchexanone compound ... 


X 










Phenyl-a-naphthvlamine 


64, 148 










Phenv 1-b-naphthylamine 


64,86,91 












X 










Polyethylene polyamine plus b-naphthol 


X 










Thiophenvl-b-naphthylamine .'- 


X 










2:2:4-Trimethvldihydroquinoline and polymers. . 


91. 










Other coal-tar rubber chemicals 


X... 






















Total coal-tar rubber chemicals 


29, 202, 343 


20, 909, 372 


$8, 193, 890 


$0.39 




64,145. 




(b) non-coal-tar 
Accelerators: 

Aldehyde ammonia 










Dimethylaminodimethyldithiocarbamicacid, 
zinc salt _. __ . _ 


X 










Dipenta methylene thiouramtetra sulfide 


64 










Dithiocarbamates: 

Lead dimethyl 


232 










Zinc dibutvl 


X 










Zinc diethvl 


232, X 










Zinc dimethyl 


X, X 










p-Nitrcsodimethylarnine.. . 


64 










Tetramethylthiouram sulfide and disulfide 

Trieth vlt rimethylenetriamine 


64, X, X, X. 
X 


400, 299 


326, 071 


742, 115 


2.28 


Xanthates: 

Di-n-butvlxantho disulfide 


X 










Dixanthogen . 


93 










Potassium amy] 


93, 145 










Potassium butvl 


8, 93, 145 












93, 145 . 










Potassium isopropyl ...... 


93,X 












93 










Sodium butvl. 


X .. 










Sodium ethyl 


93, 145 










Zinc butyl- . ... 


X, X 












X 












144 












X X 










ther rubber chemicals 


X 










Total non-coal-tar rubber chemicals. 1 













1 Not publishable. Included in "Miscellaneous" synthetic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin. 



48 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 

Miscellaneous coal-tar chemicals were produced by 43 makers, and 
those not of coal-tar origin by 89 makers, in 1937. Table 15 shows 
production and sales. 

Coal-tar products included herein are unrelated commodities and 
minor products not properly classified under any of the other groups. 
Statistics of production and sales for these miscellaneous groups are 
not comparable with those for earlier years because of the inclusion 
of products heretofore classified elsewhere or the transfer of subgroups 
to other classifications. Diazo salts and naphthol AS derivatives 
formerly classified here are combined with the azoic dyes under unclas- 
fied dyes in this report. 

Many increases in quantity occurred in the products of the group 
not of coal-tar origin. The record output of 2,505,027,000 pounds 
was 24 percent more than in 1936. Sales totaled 1,146,255,000 pounds 
valued at $110,306,000. Production of acetic anhydride increased 
30 percent and the increase in output of synthetic acetic acid was 
even greater. Acetone increased 31 percent, the butyl alcohols 65 
percent, and carbon tetrachloride 23 percent in 1937 over 1936. 
Ethyl acetate production declined about 5 percent and isopropyl 
alcohol about 6 percent. 



Table 15. 



-Miscellaneous synthetic chemicals: United States production and sales, 
1937 



[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on 
p. 54. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of has identification num- 
ber with the designated product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that the statis- 
tics of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information in regard to individual 
firms. The figures thus concealed are, however, included in the total] 





Manufacturers' 
identification 

numbers 
(according to 
list on p. 54) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAR ' 

Amino diethyl hvdroquinone 


X 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Benzoate of ammonia 


105, 145 










Benzoate of soda. 


64, 105, 145.X 










Benzoyl peroxide _ 


X 










Benzylated phenol (Santophens) 


145 










Biological stains and chemical indica- 


125, 148, 211, X 










tors. 
Butvl catechol 


X. 










Cresophan 


X 










Cyclanol 


64 










Oyclohexane 


64 










Cyclohexanone 


64 










Decahydronaphthalene (Decalin) 


64 










Diamvl hvdroquinone 


70, 145 










a-a-Dipyridy] 


71 










Ethylene glycol monophenyl ether 


37 










Gases (poisonous, tear, etc.): 

Chloroaeetophenone 


74- 












74, X .. 










Diphenylamine chlorarsine 


74,168 










Hexalin (C yclohexanol) 


64, 105 










Insecticides (synthetic): Aliphatic thi- 


X 










ocyanates. 
Methyl cvclohexanone 


64 










Methyl hexalin (Methyl cyclohexanol) 


64, 105 










Naphthanil red for printing 


64 










Naphthanil scarletfor printing.. 


64 .. 










o-Phenyl mercaptobenzothiazole... 


X 










Phloroglucinol 


71 






1 



1 Fast color salts and naphthol AS derivatives are included in unclassified dyes under azoic dyes and 
their components. 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



49 



Table 15. — Miscellaneous synthetic chemicals: United States production and sales, 

1 937— Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification 

numbers 
(according to 
list on p. 54) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) coal-tar — continued 
Photographic chemicals, total 




Pounds 
1, 762, 201 


Pounds 
1, 443, 755 


$1, 516, 327 


$1 05 




71.... 




C atechol ( Pyrocateehin) 


145,168 










Diaminophenol hydrochloride 


224 










(Amidol). 


54, 70, 224, 234.X... 
70, 7J,X, X 


L, 220 253 


1, 133, 139 


816,337 


.72 


p-Hvdroxy phenylglycine 




Methyl p-aminophenol sulfate 


64, 70, 224, X, X 

X... „ 


205, 987 








(Metol) (Rhodol). 
Tertiarybutvl pyrogallol (Rubinol) 








Phthalates, total 




15, 082, 440 


13, 282, 818 


2, 496, 314 


.19 


Diamyl 


120, 219, X.... 




Dibutoxy ethvl 


161 










Dibutyl 


8, 54, 64, 120, 145, 

219, X. 
64 


6, 963, 625 


5, 760, 967 


986, 295 


.17 


Dicyclohexyl 




Diethoxy ethyl. 


161 










Diethyl 


145, 219, X,X 

64, 161 


1, 288, 491 


1, 106, 939 


193, 426 


.17 


Dimethoxy ethyl 




Dimethyl 


8, 54, 145, 219, X, X. 
64 










Dimethyl cyclohexyl 










Diphenyl 


145 










Potassium butyl 


64 










Sodium butyl 


64 










Sodium ethyl butyl 


64 










Other 


64 










Phthalyl glycollate plastieizer 


145 










Printsol colors: 

Blue B 


148 










Bordeaux R 


148 










Orange G 


148 










Red G 


148 










Scarlet B. 


148. 










Quinhydrone 


70.X... 










Quinone 


70 










Research chemicals 


6.70, 169.X 










Sodium dicresyld ithiophosphate 


X 










Tanning materials (synthetic) 


8, 22, 45, 86, 145, 

148, 154, X, X. 
64.. 










Tetrahydronaphthalene (Tetralin) 










Textile chemicals, total 

Other products 


7, 8, 64, 86, 145, 148, 
X,X. 
64, 70, 145 


3, 080, 251 


2, 952, 293 


779, 674 


.26 


Total miscellaneous coal-tar 
chemicals: 
Those for which individual 

statistics are shown. 
Those for which individual 
statistics cannot be shown. 

Grand total 












12, 758, 607 
29, 636, 576 


10, 953, 338 
25, 472, 475 


2, 775, 732 
5, 280, 132 


.25 




.21 






42, 395, 183 


36,425,813 


8, 055, 864 


.22 


(B) NON-COAL-TAE 


37, 154, X 














154 












62, 105 












37, 54, 154, 219, X._ 
37, 62, 70, X, X.___ 

86, 102, X 


125,509,931 
177, 488, 353 

144, 152 
124, 012, 187 








Acetic anhydride (from all sources (100 

percent). 
Acetin (mono, di, tri) 








130, 080 
68, 772, 268 


40, 378 
3. 586, 971 


.31 




37, 54, 180, 196, 

219, X. 
70, X 


.05 








87, X 












70, 71 












70, 71. . 










Allyl isothiocyanate (synthetic mus- 
tard oil). 
Aluminum formate 


X 










154,225 




1 -- 





50 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 15.- 



- Miscellaneous sy?ithetic chemicals: United States production and sales 
1937— Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification 

numbers 
(according to 
list on p. 54) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(b) non-coal-tar— continued 

Amines: 

Amyl (mono, di, tri) 


X.... 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Butyl: 

Di 


X... 










Tri 


64, X 










Ethyl: 

Mono 


28-.. 










Di __ 


232 










Methyl: 

Mono 


6, 54,64 










Di.... 


54, 64 










Tri 


64.... 










Ammonium oxalate. 


87 










Ammonium stearate 


X 










Amyl acetate, total 






11,796,710 


$1, 236, 678 


$0 10 


Normal (90 percent) 


54, 64, 180, 194, 219. 
X.. 






Secondary (90 percent) 










Iso (90 percent) 


81, 120, 159, 219, X, 
X. 










^myl alcohol, total 


14, 205, 997 








Normal (100 percent). 


04, 194, 219 








Secondary (100 percent) 


X 










Iso (100 percent) 


SI, 120, X, X 










Amyl chloride 


X 












X .. 










Amyl mercaptan 


X 










Amyl propionate 


81 










Butyl acetate, total ". 




76, 352, 160 


62, 167, 685 


5, 382, 888 


.09 


Normal (90 percent) 


37, 54, 64, 81, 145, 

180, 219. 
X 




Secondary (90 percent) 










Iso (90 percent) 


64, X 










Butylacetyl ricinoleate 


54 










Butyl alcohol, total 




124, 464, 656 


40, 806, 856 


3, 322, 689 


.08 


Normal (100 percent) 


37, 54, 159, 180, 219. 
196, X 




Secondary (100 percent) 










Tertiary (100 percent) 


64, 196 










Butyl aldehyde 


37, 54 










n-Butyl bromide... 


70, 188 










Butyl chloride 


64, 105-.. 










Butyl lactate. 


54 










n-Butyl methacrylate 


64 










Butyl oleate 


54... 










Butyl propionate (100 percent) 


81, 219 










Butyl stearate . 


54, 120 










n-Butyric acid 


37, 70, 159 . . 










Butyric anhydride 


37 










Butyryl chloride 


105... 










Caffeine (from Theobromine)— . 


141, 145 










Calcium lactate 


9, 195... . 










Calcium malonate 


X 










Calcium propionate 


64 .. 










Camphor (synthetic) 


64, 151 










n-Caproic acid.. 


136, 159 










Carbon tetrachloride 


62,93,156,212,229,X. 
155... 


84, 112, 245 


74,417,244 


3, 046, 448 


.04 


Carbonyl choloride (Phosgene)... 




Chlorinated solvents 


25... 










Chloroacetic acid (mono and di) 


62... 










Chloroacetone 


70 










Chloroacet vl chloride 


62 .. 










Chloroform (tech. and U S P) 


30,62,64,93 

171.. 


2, 657, 167 


1, 948, 656 


335, 437 


.17 


Chloromethoxy bis diazoethylenedi- 




amino diacetic acid. 
Citric acid, refined (fermentation) 


47, 143, X 










Copper lactate. 


195 










Crotonaldeh vde 


37, 154 










Crotonic acid 


154 .. 










Diacetone alcohol 


37, 54, 145, 196 

37, 70 


3, 063, 136 








Diacetyl 








Diaminodiacetic acid . 


171 . 










Diaminoisopropanol 


62 .. 










n-Dibutylamine diaminoisopropanol-.. 


64 










Dibutyl ether (n-Butvl ether) 


54... 










Dibutyl oxalate 


219 










Dibutyl sebar-ate.. 


6, 161,209 




» 







DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



51 



Table 15. — Miscellaneous synthetic chemicals: United States production and sales 

1987— Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification 

numbers 
(according to 
list on p. 54) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(b) non-coal-tar — continued 
Dibutvl tartrate 


54, 64, 120 

209 - 


Pounds 
22,058 


Pounds 






Dicapryl alcohol 










209 - 












121 












37 












64 












37 - 












121 












121. 












X 












37 












37, X 












219 












X... 












37 












37, 70 












37 












37 .. 












161— 












37. „ 












37 .. 










acetate. 


37 












37 










acetate. 


37 












37 












28 












X 












X 












X 












37 












64 . 












6, 70, 169, 188 .. 












64 . 












64 












X 












37, 54, 64, 79, 81, 

145, 180, 219. 
37, 219 


69, 637, 571 


44, 339, 330 


$2, 910, 222 


$0.07 








37 












1, 62... 












62 












37 










Ethyl butvl alcohol- 


37 












37 










Ethvl chloride Ctech. and USP) 


62, 64, 81, 85, X 












219 










Ethvl ether (tech., USP and ab- 


37, 64, 136, 143, X 










solute.) 


54, 78, 81, 136, 159, 

219, X, X. 
37 






















37 












37 












37 










Ethvl lactate 


X 












136 












62, 75 












81, 219 












75, 81, 219, X, X .. 












37 












37 










Ethylenediamine (medicinal and tech.) 


28 37 










171 












62, 72, 229 












37, 62 












37, 62 












37.. 












37 












37 












161 










stearate (Butoxy ethyl stearate) . 

Ethylene glvcol monoethvl ether 

Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether 

acetate. 


37 










37, 81 





















52 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 15. — Miscellaneous synthetic chemicals: United States production and sales: 

1937 — Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification 

numbers 

(according to 

list on p. 54) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
valut, 

i 


(B) non-coal-tar— continued 

Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether 

Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether 

acetate. 
Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether 

oleate (Methoxy ethyl oleate). 


37 


Pounds 


Pounds 




: 


37 










161 










37 








1 




X 








I 




112 












64 










8 carbon atoms). 


151 








! 




46, 64, 101 












64 












64, 225 












183 










Furfural derivatives: 


183, X 












183. 












183_._ 








I 




183, X... - 












70, 136,234 

51 


263, 756 


















51, X 












X 












70 












X.. 








. 




51, X 












37... 












37 












75 












62, 93 












37 










Hexameth vlenetetramine, tech 


64, 101, X 












X 












37,64, X 












X 










Higher alcohols (containing more than 


64, X 










5 carbon atoms. 
Hydroxylamine hydrochloride . 


188, X 












188.. 












X. 












64... 










Isobutyr aldehyde 


64 












64 












37, 219, X 










Isopropyl alcohol (Isopropanol) 


37, 196, 219. X 
105 


131,462,298 








Isopropyl chloride 








Isopropyl ether 


37, 196, X 


3, 978, 267 








Ketones, mixed 


64 








Lactic acid: 

Edible (100 percent).- 


9, 14, 48, 64, 195.... 
14, 64 


927, 329 


883, 961 


$195, 855 


$0.22 


Medicinal (100 percent) 


Technical (100 percent) 


9, 14, 48, 64, 195.... 










Levulinic acid 


X. 










Malonic acid-- 


X 










Mannitol— 


19 










Mesityl oxide 


37, 54 










Methacrylic acid 


64 










Methanol (synthetic) 


37, 46, 54, 64 




125, 313, 631 


4, 827, 626 


.04 


Methyl acetate ..- 


154 




Methyl acetoacetate -.. 


37 










Methyl bromide 


62,93 











Methyl chloride (Chloromethane) 

(100 percent). 
Methyl dichlorostearate 


64, 175, 226, X 

X 


3, 404, 079 


3, 374, 955 


1, 074, 665 


.32! 


Methyl formate 


54, 64, X 










Methyl isobutyl carbinol 


37 











Methyl isobutyl carbinol acetate 


37 










Methyl isobutyl ketone . 


37 










Methyl lactate 


54 . 










Methyl methacrylate 


64... 










Methyl propyl ketone 


196, X 










Methyl stearate.. 


105 . 










Methyl succinate 


X... 










Methylamyl ketone 


37 .. 










1-Methvlbutyl bromide.. . 


1... 










Methylbutyl ketone 


X... 























DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



53 



Table 15. 



-Miscellaneous synthetic chemicals: United States production and sales 
1937 — Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification 

numbers 
(according to 
list on p. 54) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(B) non-coal-tar— continued 
Methylene chloride (Dichloromethane) 


25, 62, 64,93. 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Methylethyl ketone 


37, 196, X 












37 












37 












87, 163, 225, X 

154 


10, 247, 541 


9, 605, 180 


$1,030,137 


$0.11 








64, 101 












75 












X... 










Pentachloroethane - 


64... 










Pentaerythritol.. 


154 












64... 










Phorone.-- . 


37 












37 .. 












145 .. 










Polyglyeerol-abietic acid compound 


145... 












64, 70 . 










Propionic anhydride .. 


37, 70 










Propionyl chloride 


105 










n-Propyl acetate 


X... 












64 .. 












37 .. 












28 












37, 62 












37, 64... 












37 












70, 136,234 

70, 154, X . 


115,027 


99,812 


118,614 


1.19 






Rubber, synthetic 


64, X 










Sebacic acid... 


209, X.... 












64, 136, 225, X. . 










Sodium lactate.. 


195 












219 










Sodium oxalate.. 


87, 136, 225 










Sorbitol 


19 












154 












37, 64, 86, X, X, X. 
X 










(Gardinols, Igepons, Intramines). 












145 










hyde ammonia compound. 

Tetrabromoethane (Acetylene tetra- 
bromide). 

Tetrachloroethane (Acetylene tetra- 
chloride). 


62 










64, 229 










62 












37 . 










Tetraethvl lead 


64 . 










Tetraethylene glycol dimethy ether... 


37 










54 












54 












64 . 






:::::::::::: .: 




62 












64, 229 












121 












37 












X 












54, 145 .. 












37 












37 










Triethylenetetramine 


28 










196, X... 












62 












64 .. 












64 










Vanillin. (See table 12.) 


X 












37 












64, X . 










Xanthates. (See table 14.) 


64, 211, X, X 










Total miscellaneous non-coal-tar 
chemicals: 
Those for which individual 

statistics are shown. 
Those for which individual 
statistics cannot be shown. 












952, 067, 910 
1,552,959,104 


443, 656, 368 
702, 599, 029 


27, 108, 608 
83, 197, 816 


.06 




.12 






2,505,027,014 1 1,146,255,397 


110,306,424 


.10 



1 Includes non-coal-tar rubber chemicals. 



54 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

APPENDIX 

Directory of manufacturers of dyes and other synthetic organic chemicals, 1987 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in parentheses if 
not in same city as office) 



Abbott Laboratories 

Alston Lucas Paint Co 

Althouse Chemical Co... 

Aluminum Industries, Inc 

Amalgamated Dyestuff & Chemical 
Works, Inc. 

Amecco Chemicals, Inc 

American Aniline Products, Inc 

American Cyanamid Co 

American Maize-Products Co 

American Pharmaceutical Co., Inc 

American Tar & Chemical Co.. 

Ansbacher-Siegle Corporation 

Ansul Chemical Co 

Apex Chemical Co., Inc... 

Arco Co 

Arnold, Hoffman & Co., Inc 

Aromatic Products, Inc 

Artifex Products Co 

Atlas Powder Co 

Augusta Chemical Co 

Bakelite Corporation 

Barrett Co 

Bates Chemical Co 

Beck, Roller & Co.. Inc.. 

Belle Alkali Co 

Benzol Products Co 

Berkheimer, J. E., Manufacturing Co... 

Bersworth, F C, Laboratories 

Brooklyn Color Works, Inc 

Brown Co 

Brown, Andrew, Co 

Burroughs Wellcome & Co., Inc 

Bush, W. J., & Co., Inc 

Calco Chemical Co., Inc 

California Flaxseed Products Co 

California Ink Co., Inc 

Carbide & Carbon Chemicals Corpora- 
tion. 

Carbogen Chemical Co 

Cams Chemical Co 

Catalin Corporation of America 

Celluloid Corporation 

Chemical Manufacturing Co., Inc 

Chemical Specialties, Inc 

Childs Puip Colors, Inc 

Cincinnati Chemical Works, Inc 

Cities Service Oil Co 

Citro Chemical Co 

Clinton Co 

Colasta Co., Inc 

Coleman & Bell Co 

Colloid Chemical Laboratories 

Collway Colors, Inc 

Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing 

Co. 
Commercial Solvents Corporation 

Commonwealth Color & Chemical Co 

Cooks Falls Dye Works, Inc 

Coopers Creek Chemical Co 

Crown Tar Works (division of Public 
Service Co. of Colorado). 

Devoe & Raynolds Co., Inc 

Diarsenol Co., Inc 

Dodge & Olcott Co 

Dow Chemical Co 

Dubin, H. E., Laboratories, Inc.. 

du Pont de Nemours, E. I. & Co 



14th St. and Sheridan Rd., North Chicago, 111. 

1029 North Throop St., Chicago, 111. 

540 Pear St., Reading, Pa. 

2438 Beekman St., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

75 Hudson St., New York, N. Y. (Newark, N. J.). 

75 Rockwood St., Rochester, N. Y. 

50 Union Square, New York, N. Y. (Lock Haven, Pa.). , 

30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York, N. Y. (Bound Brook ! 

and Warners, N. J., Bridgeville, Pa.). 
100 East 42d St., New York, N. Y. (Roby, Ind.). 
525 West 43d St., New York, N. Y. 
5910 Fremont St., Duluth, Minn. 
92 Chestnut Ave., Rosebank, Staten Island, N. Y. 
Box 231, Marinette, Wis. 
225 West 34th St., New York, N. Y. (Elizabethport, 

N. J.). 
7301 Bessemer Ave., Cleveland, Ohio. 
55 Canal St., Providence, R. I. (Dighton, Mass.). 
Springdale, Conn. 

Delaware Ave., and Elm St., Camden, N. J. 
Wilmington, Del. (Atlas Point, Del., Stamford, Conn.). 
Box 660, Augusta, Ga. 
247 Park Ave., New York, N. Y. (Bloomfleld and Bound 

Brook, N. J.). 
40 Rector St., New York, N. Y. (Plants throughout the 

United States). 
Scottdale Rd., Lansdowne, Pa. 
601 Woodward Heights Blvd., Detroit, Mich. (Ferndalo, 

Mich.). 
Belle, W. Va. 

237 South St., Newark, N. J. (Piscataway, N. J.). 
Kenton Station, Portland, Oreg. 
609 Waverly St., Framingham,' Mass. 
129-43 Cherry St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
404 Commercial St., Portland, Me. (Berlin, N. H.). 
5431 South Riverside Drive, Los Angeles, Calif. 
9 East 41st St., New York. N. Y. (Tuckahoe, N. Y.). 
11 East 38th St., New York, N. Y. (Linden, N. J.). 
Bound Brook, N. J. 
3135 East 26th St., Los Angeles, Calif. 
545 Sansome St., San Francisco, Calif. (Berkeley, Calif.). 
30 East 42d St., New York, N. Y. (South Charleston, 

W. Va., Niagara Falls, N. Y. (Whiting, Ind.). 
South Ave., Garwood, N. J. 
1377 8th St., La Salle, 111. 
Fords, N. J. 

290 Ferry St., Newark, N. J. 
Ashland, Mass. 

16 East Sth St., Holland, Mich. 
43 Summit St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

P. O. Box 20, Evanston Station, Cincinnati, Ohio (Nor- 
wood and St. Bernard, Ohio). 
Bartlesville, Okla. (Tallant, Okla.). 
Maywood, N. J. 
Clinton, Iowa. 

Mechanic St., Hoosic Falls, N. Y. 
Main and Waverly Aves., Norwood, Ohio. 
21 West St., New York, N. Y. 
15 Market St., Paterson, N. J. 

17 Van Dyke Ave., Hartford, Conn. 

230 Park Ave., New York, N. Y. (Terre Haute, Ind., 

Peoria, 111., Agnew, Calif.). 
Nevins, Butler, and Baltic Sts., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Cooks Falls, N. Y. 
River Rd., West Conshohocken, Pa. 
900 15th St., Denver, Colo. 

1 West 47th St., New York, N. Y. (Louisville, Ky.). 

72 Kingsley St., Buffalo, N. Y. 

180 Varick St., New York, N. Y. (Bayonne, N. J.). 

Midland, Mich. 

250 East 43d St., New York, N. Y. 

Wilmington, Del. (Carneys Point, New Brunswick, 
Perth Amboy, Arlington, and Newark, N. J., Car- 
rollville. Wis'.. Belle, W. Va., Niagara Falls, N. Y., 
El Monte, Calif.). 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



55 



Directory of manufacturers of dyes and other synthetic organic chemicals, 1987- 

Continued 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in parentheses if 
not in same city as office) 



Durite Plastics, Inc 

Dye Specialties Corporation 

Dyestuffs & Chemicals, Inc 

Eakins, J. S., & W. R., Inc.— 

Eastern Tar Products Corporation. 

Eastman Kodak Co 



Edwal Laboratories, Inc 

Ethyl-Dow Chemical Co 

Federal Color Laboratories, Inc 

Federal Laboratories, Inc 

Felton Chemical Co., Inc 

Fiberloid Corporation 

Fine Colors Co 

Florasynth Laboratories, Inc 

Ford Motor Co .. 

Foster-Heaton Co 

Franco-American Chemical "Works- 
Fries Bros... 

Fries, George G., & Co., Inc 



Gane's Chemical Works, Inc. 

Gebauer Chemical Co 

General Aniline Works, Inc 



General Chemical Co. 
General Electric Co... 



General Paint Corporation 

General Plastics, Inc 

Goodrich, B. F., Co 

Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co... 

Great Western Electro-Chemical Co. 

Guyan Color & Chemical Works 

Halowax Corporation 

Hamilton Laboratories, Inc 

Hampden Color & Chemical Co 

Harmon Color Works, Inc 

Hercules Powder Co 

Heresite & Chemical Co 

Heyden Chemical Corporation 



Hilton-Davis Chemical Co 

HofTmann-LaRoche, Inc 

Holland Aniline Dye Co 

Hooker Electrochemical Co 

Huggins, James, & Son 

Hynson, Westcott & Dunning, Inc 

Imperial Paper & Color Corporation 
(Pigment Color Division). 

Industrial Dvestufl Co 

Inland Tar Co 



Jamieson, C. E., & Co 

Jasco, Inc 

Jennison-Wright Co 

Joanite Corporation 

Johnson, Charles Eneu, & Co. 

Joliet Wall Paper Mills 

Jones-Dabney Co... 

Kay-Fries Chemicals, Inc 



Kentucky Color & Chemical Co.. 

Kessler Chemical Corporation.. 

Kinetic Chemicals, Inc 

Knoedler, A., Co 

Kohnstamm, H. & Co., Inc 

Koppers Co. (Tar & Chemical Division) 



LaMotte Chemical Products Co. 

Lavanburg, Fred L., Co., Inc 

Lehigh Briquetting Co 

Lewis, John D., Inc 

Lilly, Eli, & Co.... 

Lucid ol Corporation 

Lueders, George, & Co.. 

Macher, William, & Son 

Magruder Color Co., Inc 

Makalot Corporation „.. 

Mallard, A. E_ 

Mallinckrodt Chemical Works.. 



5000 Summerdale Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. 

3 Bennett St., Jersey City, N. J. 

11th and Monroe Sts., St. Louis, Mo. 

55 Berry St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Lexington Bldg., Baltimore, Md. (Baltimore, Md., 
Norfolk, Va.). 

343 State St., Rochester, N. Y. (Rochester, N. Y., Kings- 
port, Tenn.). 

732 Federal St., Chicago, HI. 

Wilmington, N. C. 

4633 Forest Ave., Norwood, Ohio. 

185 41st St., Pittsburgh, Pa. (Tunnelton, Pa.). 

599 Johnson Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Worcester St., Indian Orchard, Mass. 

21-29 McBride Ave., Paterson, N. J. 

1513-33 Olmstead Ave., New York, N. Y. 

3674 Schaefer Rd., Dearborn, Mich. 

833-39 Magnolia Ave., Elizabeth, N. J. 

342 Madison Ave., New York, N. Y. (Carlstadt, N. J.) 

92 Reade St., New York, N. Y. (Bloomfield, N. J.). 

68 Beekman St., New York, N. Y. (Long Island City, 
N. Y.). 

43 West 16th St., New York, N. Y. (Carlstadt, N. J.). 

826 Hanna Bldg., Cleveland, Ohio. 

435 Hudson St., New York, N. Y. (Rensselaer N. Y., 
Grasselli, N. J.). 

40 Rector St., New York, N. Y. (Buffalo, N. Y.). 

1 River Rd., Schenectady, N. Y. (Schenectady, N. Y., 
Pittsfield, Mass.). 

3000 Sand Springs Rd., Tulsa, Okla. 

Walck Rd., North Tonawanda, N. Y. 

500 South Main St., Akron, Ohio. 

1144 East Market St., Akron, Ohio. 

9 Main St., San Francisco, Calif. (Pittsburg, Calif.). 

P. O. Box 1088, Huntington, W. Va. 

247 Park Ave., New York, N. Y. (Wyandotte, Mich.). 

Hamilton, Ohio. 

161 Armory St., Springfield, Mass. 

P. O. Box 1158, Paterson, N. J. (Haledon, N. J.). 

Delaware Trust Bldg., Wilmington, Del. 

822 South 14th St., Manitowoc, Wis. 

50 Union Square, New York, N. Y. (Garfield and Perth 
Amboy, N. J.). 

Langdon Farm Rd., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Nutley, N. J. 

Holland, Mich. 

60 East 42d St., New York, N. Y. (Niagara Falls, N. Y.). 

239 Medford St., Maiden, Mass. 

1030 North Charles St., Baltimore, Md. 

Glens Falls, N. Y. (Queensbury, N. Y.). 

Massasoit Ave., East Providence, R. I. 

38 South Dearborn St., Chicago, 111. (Indiana Harbor, 

Ind.). 
1962-80 Trombly Ave., Detroit, Mich, 
c/o Standard Oil Co., of La., Baton Rouge, La. 
2463 Broadway, Toledo, Ohio. 
1002 44th Drive, Long Island City, N. Y. 
10th St. at Lombard St., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Logan Ave., Joliet, 111. 
1481 South 11th St., Louisville, Ky. 
180 Madison Ave., New York, N. Y. (West Haverstraw, 

N. Y.). 
34th St. South of Bank St., Louisville, Ky. 
Delaware Ave. and Mifflin St., Philadelphia, Pa. 
duPont Bldg., Wilmington, Del. (Carney's Point, N. J.). 
717 North Prince St., Lancaster, Pa. 
87 Park Place, New York, N. Y. (Brooklyn, N. Y.). 
Koppers Bldg., Pittsburgh, Pa. (Plants throughout the 

United States). 
MeCormick Bldg., Baltimore, Md. 
105 Bedford Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Universal Bldg., Fargo, N. D. (Dickinson, N. D.). 
68 Traverse St., Providence, R. I. (Mansfield, Mass.). 
Indianapolis, Ind. 
293 Larkin St., Buffalo, N. Y. 

427 Washington St., New York, N. Y. (Brooklyn, N. Y.). 
1533 West Clearfield St., Philadelphia, Pa. 
2385 Richmond Terrace, Staten Island, N. Y. 
262 Washington St., Boston. Mass. (Waltham, Mass.). 
3021 Wabash Ave., Detroit, Mich. 
3600 North 2d St., St. Louis, Mo. 



56 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Directory of manufacturers of dyes and other synthetic organic chemicals, 1937 — 

Continued 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in parentheses if 
not in same city as office) 



Marblette Corporation 

Marx, Max, Color & Chemical Co 

Maschmeijer, A., Jr., Inc 

May, Otto B., Inc 

Maywood Chemical Works 

Mepham, Geo. S., Corporation... 

Merck & Co., Inc 

Minerec Corporation 

Monsanto Chemical Co 

Moser, Chas., Co 

Mutual Chemical Co. of America 

National Aniline & Chemical Co., Inc 

Naugatuck Chemical (division of United 

States Rubber Products, Inc.). 

Neville Co 

Newport Industries, Inc 

New York Color & Chemical Co., Inc. 

(division of American Dyewood Co.). 
New York Quinine & Chemical Works, 

Inc. 

Niacet Chemicals Corporation 

Niagara Chlorine Products Corporation.. 
Niagara Smelting Corporation 

Niagara Wall Paper Co 

Nord & Schulich, Inc 

Northwestern Chemical Co 

Novocol Chemical Manufacturing Co.»lnc. 

Ohio- A pex, Inc . 

Ohio Chemicals, Inc 

Oldbury Electro Chemical Co 

Organic Chemicals, Inc 

Patent Chemicals, Inc 

Peaslee-Gauibert Paint & Varnish Co 

Peerless Color Co 

Pennsylvania Coal Products Co 

Pfanstiehl Chemical Co 

Pfizer, Chas. Co 

Pharma Chemical Corporation.. 

Philadelphia Gas Works Co 

Phoenix Color & Chemical Co 

Pitman-Moore Co., Inc 

Pittsberg Chemical Co 

Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co 

Plaskon Co.. Inc 

Portland Gas & Coke Co.. 

Poughkeepsie DyestufI Corporation 

Publicker, Inc 

Pylam Products Co., Inc 

Pyridium Corporation 

Quaker Oats Co 

Rauh, Robert, Inc 

Reilly Tar & Chemical Corporation 

Republic Creosoting Co. 

Resinox Corporation 

Rogers, Allen E., Laboratories, Inc 

Ruberoid Co 

Salvo Chemical Corporation 

Schering & Glatz, Inc 

Seydel Chemical Co 

Sharp & Dohme, Inc 

Sharpies Solvents Corporation 

Sheffield By-Products Co 

Shell Chemical Co 

Sherwin-Williams Co.. 

Simons, Harold L., Inc.. 

Sinclair & Valentine Co .. 

Smith, Kline & French Laboratories 

Solvay Process Co 

Southern DyestufI Corporation 

Squibb, E. R., & Sons 

Standard Alcohol Co... 






37-21 30th St., Long Island City, N. Y. 

192-4 Coit St., Irvington, N. J. 

43 West 16th St., New York, N. Y. (Newark, N. J.). 

198-214 Niagara St., Newark, N. J. 

100 West Hunter Ave., Maywood, N. J. 

2001 Lynch Ave., East St. Louis, 111. 

Rahway, N. J. (Rahway, N, J., Philadelphia. Pa.). 

120 Broadwav, New York, N. Y. (Baltimore, Md.). 

1700 South 2d St., St. Louis, Mo. (St. Louis, Mo., Mon- 
santo, 111., Everett, Mass., Anniston, Ala., Nitro, 
W. Va.). 

21,5-27 East 9th St., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

270 Madison Ave., New York, N. Y. (Jersey City, N. J.). 

40 Rector St., New York, N. Y. (Buffalo, N. Y.). 

1790 Broadway, New York. (Naugatuck, Conn.). 

Neville Island, Pittsburgh, Pa. 
P. O. Box 1612, Pensacola, Fla. 
100 East 42d St., New York, N. Y. (Belleville, N. J.). 

99-117 North 11th St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

4700 Pine Ave , Niagara Falls, N. Y. 

Mill St., Lockport, N. Y. 

420 Lexington Ave., New York, N. Y. (Niagara Falls, ' 

N. Y.). 
Walnut Ave. and 2d St., Niagara Falls, N. Y. 
Foot of Blanchard St., Newark, N. J. 
1263 North 70th St., Wauwatosa, Wis. 
2923 Atlantic Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Nitro, W. Va. 

475 Dorchester Rd., Akron, Ohio. 
P. O. Box 346, Niagara Falls, N. Y. 
211 East 19th St., New York, N. Y. 
57 Wilkinson Ave., Jersey City, N. J. 
15th and Lvtle Sts., Louisville, Ky. 
521-35 North Ave., Plainfield, N. J. 
Petrolia, Pa. 

104 Lakeview Ave., Waukegan, 111. 

81 Maiden Lane, New York, N. Y. (Brooklyn, N. Y.). 

949 Broadway, New York, N. Y. (Bayonne, N. J.). 

1800 North 9th St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

24 Van Houten St., Paterson, N. J. 

1220 Madison Ave., Indianapolis, Ind. 

703 Market St., San Francisco, Calif. (Los Angeles, Calif.> 

235 East Pittsburgh Ave., Milwaukee, Wis. 

2112 Sylvan Ave., Toledo, Ohio. 

Public Service Bldg., Portland, Oreg. 

77 North Water St., Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 

260 South Broad St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

799 Greenwich St., New York, N. Y. (Norwalk, Conn.). 

21 Grey Oaks Ave., Nepera Park, N. Y. 

141 West Jackson Blvd., Chicago, 111. (Cedar Rapids, 
Iowa) . 

480 Frelinghuysen Ave., Newark, N. J. 

1615 Merchants Bank Bldg., Indianapolis, Ind. (plants 
throughout the United States). 

1615 Merchants Bank Bldg., Indianapolis, Ind. (plants 
throughout the United States). 

230 Park Ave., New York, N. Y. (Edgewater, N. J.). 

72 Grand Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

500 Fifth Ave., New York, N. Y. (Erie, Pa., Joliet, 111.;. 

Rothschild, Wis. 

113 West 18th St., New York, N. Y. 

86 Forrest St., Jersey City, N. J. 

640 North Broad St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

23d and Westmoreland Sts., Philadelphia, Pa. (Wyan- 
dotte, Mich.). 

524 West 57th St., New York, N. Y. (Hobart, N. Y.). 

100 Bush St., San Francisco, Calif. (Martinez and 
Dominguez, Calif.). 

101 Prospect Ave., N. W., Cleveland, Ohio (Chicago, 111.). 
11-25 44th Rd., Long Island City, N. Y. 

611 West 129 th St., New York, N. Y. 

105 North 5th St., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Svracuse, N. Y. (Geddes, N. Y.). 
P. O. Box 1045, Charlotte, N. C. 

745 Fifth Ave., New York, N. Y. (Brooklyn, N. Y., 

New Brunswick, N. J.). 
26 Broadway, New York, N. Y. (Linden, N. J.). 



DYES AND OTHER SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



57 



Directory of manufacturers of dyes and other synthetic organic chemicals, 1937- 

Continued 



No- 



Name of company 



Standard Naphthalene Products Corpora- 
tion. 

Standard Ultramarine Co .. 

Stange, William J., Co 

Sun Chemical & Color Co. (division of 
General Printing Ink Corp.) 

Swann <fe Co 

Synthetic Chemicals, Inc 

Synthetical Laboratories 

Taylor Chemical Corporation -. 

Taylor Fibre Co 

Todd, A. M., Co 

Trubek Laboratories, Inc 

Turner & Hefler Co 

Uhlich, Paul, & Co., Inc 

United Color & Pigment Co., Inc 

U. S. Industrial Chemical Co 

Valentine & Co., Inc ..- 

van Ameringen-Haebler, Inc 

Van Dyk & Co., Inc . 

Varcum Chemical Corporation 

Verona Chemical Co 

Victor Chemical Works 

Virginia Smelting Co r 

Warner-Jenkinson Manufacturing Co 

Watertown Manufacturing Co 

Westvaco Chlorine Products Corporation 

White Tar Co., of N. J., Inc 

Wilhelm, A., Co. (division of Glidden Co.) 
Wolff Alport Chemical Corporation... 

Young Aniline Works, Inc 

Zinsser & Co., Inc 



Office address (location of plant given in parentheses if 
not in same city as office) 



Jacobus Ave., South Kearny, N. J. 

Huntington, W. Va. 

2536 West Monroe St., Chicago, 111. 

309-21 Sussex St., Harrison, N. J. (East Rutherford and 

Harrison, N. J.) 
3205 Avenue B, Birmingham, Ala. 
57 Wilkinson Ave., Jersey City, N. J. 
5558 Ardmore Ave., Chicago, 111. 
Phillipsburg, N. J. (Wyandotte, Mich., Penn Yan, 

N. Y.) 
P. O. Box 470, Norristown, Pa. (Betzwood, Pa.). 
1717 Douglas Ave., Kalamazoo, Mich. 
State Highwav No. 2, East Rutherford, N. J. 
3fi Barrv St., Hyde Park, Mass. 

157 Chambers St., New York, N. Y. (Brooklyn, N. Y.) 
McClellan St., Newark, N. J. 

60 East 42d St., New York, N. Y. (Baltimore, Md.). 
11 East 36th St., New York, N. Y. (Brooklyn, N. Y.). 
315 Fourth Ave., New York, N. Y. (Elizabeth, N. J.). 
57 Wilkinson Ave., Jersey City, N. J. 
P. O. Box 433, Niagara Falls, N. Y. 
26 Verona Ave., Newark, N. J. 
141 We,st Jackson Blvd., Chicago, 111. (Chicago Heights, 

111.). 
West Norfolk, Va. 
2526 Baldwin St., St. Louis, Mo. 
127 Echo Lake Rd., Watertown, Conn. 
405 Lexington Ave., New York, N. Y. (South Charleston, 

W. Va.). 
1201 Koppers Bldg., Pittsburgh, Pa. (Kearny, N. J.). 
Third and Bern Sts., Reading, Pa. 
1127 Irving Ave., Brooklvn, N. Y. 
2701 Boston St., Baltimore, Md. 
Hastings-on-Hudson, N. Y. 






o