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Full text of "Synthetic organic chemicals : United States production and sales"

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U. S. SUPT, OF DOCUMENTS 



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UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



SYNTHETIC 

ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

UNITED STATES PRODUCTION 

AND SALES 

1938 



REPORT No. 136 

SECOND SEKIES 




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BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 9999 06317 192 8 



RECENT REPORTS OF 
THE UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Changes in Import Duties Since the Passage of the Tariff Act of 1930, Miscel- 
laneous Series, 1939 $0.45 

Cotton and Cotton Waste, Report No. 137, Second Series, 1939 10 

Cutlery Products, Report No. 129, Second Series, 1938 15 

Dominion and Colonial Statistics, Report No. 127, Second Series, 1938 10 

Dyes and Other Synthetic Organic Chemicals in the U. S., 1937, Report No. 

132, Second Series, 1938 10 

Extent of Equal Tariff Treatment in Foreign Countries, Report No. 119, 
Second Series, 1937 15 

Flat Glass and Related Glass Products, Report No. 123, Second Series, 1937. . .35 

Grapes, Raisins, and Wines, Report No. 134, Second Series, 1939 60 

Incandescent Electric Lamps, Report No. 133, Second Series, 1939 25 

Iron and Steel, Report No. 1 28, Second Series, 1938 60 

Rules of Practice and Procedure and Laws Relating to the United States Tariff 

Commission, Miscellaneous Series, 1939 10 

Synthetic Resins and Their Raw Materials, Report No. 131, Second Series, 
'1938 25 

The Mica Industry, Report No. 130, Second Series, 1938 .25 

Wood Pulp and Pulpwood, Report No. 126, Second Series, 1938 30 



For sale by the Superintendent of Document^, Government I'rintini; Office, 
Waslun^rlon, I>. C. «t the prices infliratcd 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

UNITED STATES PRODUCTION 

AND SALES 

1938 



REPORT No. 136 

SECOND SERIES 




UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON : 1939 



For tale by the Superintendent of Documents, WaHliington, D. C. Price 10 cent! 



f3$C^t^?3^/>t 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



RAYMOND B. STEVENS, Chairman 
OSCAR B. RYDER, Vice Chairman 
EDGAR B. BR08SARD 
E. DANA DURAND 
A. MANUEL FOX 

SIDNEY MORGAN, Secretary 



Address All Communications 
UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 
WASHINGTON, D. C. 
II 



CONTENTS 



TEXT 

Page 

Acknowledgment . v 

Introduction 1 

PART I 
Summary, 1938 - 1 

PART II 

Production and sales by groups, 1938: 

Coal-tar crudes 5 

Coal-tar intermediates 6 

Coal-tar dyes 16 

Color lakes and toners 31 

Medicinals 33 

Flavors and perfume materials 38 

Resins 41 

Rubber chemicals , __ 43 

Miscellaneous chemicals 45 

APPENDIXES 

A. Research expenditures 65 

B. Imports 55 

C. Directory of manufacturers of synthetic organic chemicals, 1938 56 

STATISTICAL TABLES 

1. Comparison of United States production of tar and production and 

sales of certain crudes, average 1925-30, annual 1935-38 2 

2. Intermediates, dyes, and other coal-tar chemicals: Summary of L^nited 

States production and sales, 1938 3 

3. Intermediates, dyes, and certain other classes of coal-tar chemicals: 

Comparison of United States production and sales, average 1925-30, 
annual 1935-38 4 

4. Synthetic organic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin : Summary of United 

States production and sales, 1938 4 

5. Synthetic organic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin: Comparison of 

United States production and sales, average 1925-30, annual 1935-38. 5 

6. Coal-tar crudes: United States production and sales, 1938 6 

7. Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1938 7 

8. Comparison of United States production and sales of dyes by classes of 

application, average 1925-30, annual 1937 and 1938 17 

9. Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, 1938 18 

10. Color lakes and toners: United States production and sales, 1938 31 

11. Synthetic medicinals: United States production and sales, 1938: 

(A) Coal-tar 34 

(B) Non-coal-tar 37 

12. Synthetic flavors and perfume materials: United States production 

and sales, 1938: 

(A) Coal-tar 39 

(B) Non-coal-tar 40 

III 



IV CONTENTS 

Page 

13. Synthetic resins: United States production and sales, 1938: 

(A) Coal-tar 42 

(B) Non-coal-tar 42 

14. Synthetic rubber chemicals: United States production and sales, 1938: 

(A) Coal-tar 43 

(B) Non-coal-tar 45 

15. Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals: United States production 

and sales, 1938: 

(A) Coal-tar 46 

(B) Non-coal-tar 47 

16. Research expenditures bv the synthetic organic chemical industry, 

1938 55 

17. Imports of finished coal-tar products classified by use, and of inter- 

mediates, into the United States, 1938 and 1937 56 



ACKNOWLEDGMENT 



In the preparation of this report, the Commission had the services 
of W. F. SterUng and Bertha M. Robertson of the Chemical Division, 
and of others. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, UNITED STATES 
PRODUCTION AND SALES, 1938 

INTRODUCTION 

This is the United States Tariff Commission's twenty-second annual 
report on the production and sales of synthetic organic chemicals in 
the United States. Wlien started in 1917, to assist the President in 
the administration of Section 501 of the Revenue Act of 1916, the 
report was primarily a census of dyes. In subsequent years its scope 
was expanded to cover other synthetic organic chemicals, which have 
so developed that dyes now constitute less than 5 percent of the out- 
put and about 20 percent of the sales value of all synthetic organic 
chemicals. The term "dyes" is therefore omitted from the title of this 
issue. 

The products included in the survey are coal-tar crudes, interme- 
diates, dyes and other finished coal-tar products, and non-coal-tar 
synthetic organic chemicals. The individual commodities are grouped, 
as far as practicable, according to principal use. 

Incidental to the collection of production data, the Commission 
has from time to time collected data on research expenditures by the 
synthetic organic chemical industry to obtain information on the 
relationship between research and development in the industry. For 
the first time since 1934 a summary of research expenditures is shown 
(see appendix A of this report). 

In addition to compiling production data annually, the Tariff 
Commission cooperates with the Department of Commerce in the 
analysis of the imports of coal-tar intermediates and finished products. 
These data are issued semiannually by the Department of Com- 
merce.^ A summary of the data obtained in this analysis for 1938 is 
given in appendix B. 

Three hundred and seven companies reported production and sales 
of synthetic organic chemicals in 1938. Appendix C is a directory 
of all manufacturers who have granted permission to list their names. 

PART I.— SUMMARY, 1938 

Activity in the synthetic organic chemical industry in 1938 decreased 
sharply from that in the peak year 1937. The output of coal tar, 
controlled by the demand for coke, was more than a third less in 
1938 than in the preceding year. Lessened market demands resulted 
in decreases in the quantities of crude products distilled from tar. 

The production of coal tar, and the production and sale of crudes 
produced in large volume, 1925-30 average, 1935, 1936, 1937, and 
1938, are shown in table 1. 

' United States Imports for Consumption of Dyes, Aromatic Chemicals, Medicinals, Intermediates, and 
Other Coal-Tar Products in Paragraphs 27 and 28 of the Tariff Act of 1930, Semiannual Statement No. 2865. 



2 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 1. — Comparison of United States production of tar and production and sales 
of certain crudes, average 1925-SO, annual 1935-38 

[Production and sales in thousands of gallons, value in thousands of dollars] 



Product 


Average, 
1925-30 


1935 


1936 


1937 


1938 


Decrease, 

1938 from 

1937 


Tar produced 


630, 636 

22, 257 

22, 257 

4,651 

96, 879 
96, 879 
15,920 

44,762 

44, 762 

581 

95, 443 
95, 443 
11, 742 


450, 308 

24, 106 

23,030 

2,976 

58, 380 
57, 542 
6,121 

47, 653 

42,018 

698 

92, 869 

86, 707 

8,819 


560, 386 

19,413 
19, 145 
2,676 

85, 673 

84, 762 

7,629 

89, 536 

74, 054 

1,466 

101, 758 
93, 216 
10, 294 


603,063 

1 26, 795 

22, 141 

2,928 

95, 527 
93, 767 
8,385 

115,979 

109, 394 

2,535 

107,294 

107, 485 

12, 472 


419, 580 

17, 745 
17, 176 
2,317 

61, 903 

61, 221 

6,064 

53, 584 

60, 693 

979 

88, 067 
88, 713 
10, 820 


Percent 
30.4 


Benzol: 

Production 


33.8 


Sales 


22.4 


Sales value 


20.9 


Motor benzol: 

Production 

Sales... 


35.2 
34.7 


Sales value - 


27.7 


Naphthalene: 

Production ' . . . 


53.8 


Sales 2 . 


53.7 


Sales value - -. 


61.4 


Creosote oil: 

Production 


17.9 


Sales 


17.5 


Sales value.- . . 


13.2 







1 Includes 5,135 thousand gallons reported to the U. S. Tariff Commission. 
26.4 percent of the increase. 
' Thousands of pounds. 



This amount accounts for 



Combined sales of all synthetic organic chemicals decreased 13 
percent, from $284,000,000 in 1937 to $246,000,000 in 1938. Those 
derived from coal-tar crudes declined 20 percent, from $164,000,000 
m 1937 to $130,000,000 in 1938, and those not obtained from coal 
tar dropped 3 percent, from $119,000,000 in 1937 to $116,000,000 in 
1938. 

The generally greater decline in production than in sales in most 
of the groups indicates that during 1938 producers of synthetic organic 
chemicals reduced inventories carried over from 1937. Reduction 
in stocks is most evident in the dye, and coal-tar flavors and perfume 
materials groups. 

The weighted average unit values of a number of the groups, par- 
ticularly dyes, medicmals, and non-coal-tar resins, were higher in 
1938 than in 1937. All of these product groups consist of a large 
number of individual commodities varymg widely in price. The 
prmcipal factor in the increases in average unit values was the greater 
sales of higher-priced than of the lower-priced items within the groups, 
such as vat dyes and azoic dyes in the dye classification and polyvinyl 
acetal resins in the non-coal-tar resins, rather than a general increase 
in the price structure. A substantial price reduction in vanillin, to- 
gether with increased sales, resulted in a lowering of the average unit 
value of coal-tar flavors and perfume materials. 

As in preceding years, a large part of the output of synthetic organic 
chemicals was consumed in 1938 by the producmg concerns in further 
processing. This was especially true of certain groups. More than 
half of the coal-tar intermediates, and miscellaneous non-coal-tar 
chemicals, and about a fifth of the coal-tar resins and medicinals 
were used by the companies that manufactured them. Largely be- 
cause of this, the quantity of production is in excess of the quantity 
of sales in some group totals and in many individual commodities 
appearing in the tables in this report. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 3 

Each product reported by the manufacturers is listed, and statis- 
tics are shown for as many separate chemicals as is possible without 
disclosing information concerning the operations of individual manu- 
facturers. The Commission witliholds statistics for a product or a 
group of products unless at least three finns report and unless the 
total is well distributed among the three or more companies. In 
virtually all instances the absence of numerical data indicated by a 
blank in the detailed tabulations is not because of a lack of produc- 
tion or sales figures, but because these data are confidential. 

Sales figures are intended to reflect only sales by the producers. 
Eveiy eft'ort has been made to elim.inate resales of purchased 
merchandise. 

Group totals for 1938 are coniparable with those for 1937 in all 
tables. Such totals, however, are not entirely comparable with 
those for years prior to 1937, because of changes in classification 
and new groupings made from time to time to effect a more logical 
arrangement of the many synthetic organic products. 

The production and sales of intermediates and finished coal-tar 
products in 1938 are summarized in table 2, and a comparison of 
production and sales in 1938 with 1937, 1936, 1935, and with the 
1925-30 average is shown in table 3. 



Table 2. 



-Intermediates, dyes, and other coal-tar chemicals: Summary of United 
States production and sales, 1938 





Number 
of manu- 
facturers 


Production 


Sales 


Product 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Intermediates 

Finished products, total 


55 
224 


Pounds 
401, 942, 965 
276, 386, 517 


Pounds 
171,513,718 
245, 340, 032 


$26, 089, 597 
104,372,434 


$0.15 
.42 


Dyes: 

Classified 


67,984,686 
13, 774, 162 


73, 671, 442 
14,131,392 


36, 093, 917 
17,001,646 


.49 


Unclassified 




1 20 




41 

50 
43 
28 
71 
10 
43 




Total 


81, 758, 848 


87, 802, 834 


53, 095, 563 


60 






Color lakes and toners ... 


14,406,863 
11,096,861 
3, 836. 632 
106, 923, 244 
18, 771, 014 
39,593,055 


12, 657, 848 
8, 884, 839 
3, 6&3, 890 
84, 763, 503 
14, 662, 706 
32, 904, 412 


9, 403, 171 
9, 508, 831 
3, 368, 050 
15, 810, 538 
5, 754, 577 
7, 431, 704 


74' 


Medicinals . .. ... . 


1 07 


Flavors and perfume materials 

Resins 

Rubber chemicals 


.92 
.19 
39 


Miscellaneous ' - 


23 







1 Includes benzoate of ammonia, benzoate of soda, benzoyl peroxide, biological stains and chemical indica- 
tors, poisonous and tear gases, synthetic insecticides, phthalates, photographic chemicals, synthetic tanning 
materials, textile chemicals and others. 



172545—39 



4 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 3. — Intermediates, dyes, and certain other classes of coal-tar chemicals: 
Comparison of United States production and sales, average 1925-30, annual 
1935-88 

[Production and sales in thousands of pounds, value in thousands of dollars] 



Product 


Average, 
1925-30 


1935 


1936 


1937 


1938 


Decrease, 

1938 from 

1937 


Intermediates: 

Production 


267, 492 
109, 133 
22, 408 

138, 078 
133, 964 
65, 027 

84, 003 
92, 207 
39, 428 

4,508 
4,106 
7,464 

3,966 
3,919 
2,901 

3 24, 442 

3 22, 135 

3 7, 756 


436, 656 
190, 917 
26, 074 

272, 728 
230, 381 
98, 792' 

101, 933 
97, 954 
61, 488 

10, 023 
8,950 
8,372 

4,364 
4,080 
3,172 

90,913 
65, 923 
12, 777 


609, 706 

223,119 

31, 806 

336, 348 
287, 276 
120, 766 

119, 523 
117, 573 
63, 686 

12, 034 
10, 079 
9,763 

3,481 
3,437 
3,220 

117, 302 
86. 214 
17, 056 


575, 893 
242, 194 
35, 639 

373, 063 
315, 742 
128, 736 

122, 246 
118,046 
64,613 

14, 800 
11, 989 
11,496 

4,356 
3,907 
3,983 

142, 025 
109, 201 
20,682 


401, 943 
171, 514 
26,090 

276, 387 
245, 340 
104, 372 

81, 759 
87, 803 
63, 096 

11,097 
8,886 
9,509 

3,837 
3,664 
3,368 

106, 923 
84,764 
16,811 


Percent 
30 2 


Sales-- 


29 2 


Sales value 


26 8 


Finished coal-tar products: • 
Production 


25 9 


Sales 


22 3 


Sales value 


18 9 


Dyes: ^ 

Production 


33. 1 


Sales 


25.6 


Sales value 


17.8 


Medicinals: 

Production 

Sales 


25.0 
25.9 


Sales value.- 


17.3 


Flavors and perfume ma- 
terials: 
Production 


11.9 


Sales 

Sales value 


6.2 
15.4 


Resins: 

Production 


24.7 


Sales 


22.4 


Sales value 


23.2 







1 Includes color lakes, rubber chemicals, and miscellaneous coal-tar products not shown separately. 

2 Totals for 1937 and 1938 are not fully comparable with those of the preceding years because of changes in 
classification. 

3 1927-30 average. 

The production and sales in 1938 of the several groups of synthetic 
organic chemicals not of coal-tar origin are shown in table 4. Most 
of such chemicals are solvents and other industrial chemicals classi- 
fied as miscellaneous. In table 5 production and sales of all non-coal- 
tar synthetics in 1938 are compared with those in 1937, 1936, and 1935, 
and with the average for 1925-30. 



Table 4. — Synthetic organic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin: Summary of United 
States production and sales, 1938 





Number 
of manu- 
facturers 


Production 


Sales 


Product 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Medicinals 


35 
28 
18 
87 


Pounds 

1, 379, 174 

1,473,663 

23,436,408 

2, 383, 167, 683 


Pounds 

1,136,916 

1, 298, 373 

17,064,686 

1, 102, 108, 069 


$2, 277, 730 

791, 863 

7,061,436 

106, 882, 717 


$2.00 


Flavors and perfume materials 

Resins 


.61 
.41 


Miscellaneous ' 


.10 






Total. 


2,409,456,918 


1,121,608,042 


116,013,746 


.10 









' Includes non-coal-tar rubber chemicals and all other non-coal-tar synthetic organic chemicals. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 5 

Table 5. — Synthetic organic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin: Cpmparison of 
United States production and sales, average 1925-30, annual, 1935-38 

[Production and sales in thousands of pounds, value in thousands of dollars] 



Item 


Average, 
1925-30 


1935 


1936 


1937 


1938 


Decrease, 

1938 from 

1937 


Production . 


379, 972 
264, 006 
44, 499 


1, 591, 896 
791, 760 
86, 334 


2, 041, 455 

1,034,921 

105, 832 


2, 529, 650 

1, 168, 149 

119,420 


2, 409, 456 

1,121,608 

116,014 


Percent 
4.7 


Sales - 


4.0 


Sales value 


2.8 







PART II.— PRODUCTION AND SALES BY GROUPS, 1938 

COAL-TAR CRUDES 

The production of 419,580,000 gallons of coal tar in 1938 was about 
a third less than in 1937. Seventy- two percent of the output was sold 
in 1938 in comparison with 64 percent in the preceding year. The 
1938 output, although restricted by lessened demand for coke, was 
more than was required for distilling, and substantial quantities were 
burned as fuel at or near points of production. Tar distilled by 
purchasers thereof was 285,720,000 gallons, or 15 percent less than in 
1937. 

The output of crude naphthalene decreased from 115,979,000 
pounds in 1937 to 53,584,000 pounds m 1938. The unit value of 
sales decreased from 2.3 cents per pomid to 1.9 cents per pound during 
the same period. The 88,067,000 gallons of creosote oil manufactured 
in 1938 were 18 percent less than the output in 1937, Lessened 
demand for tar acids by the synthetic resin and other industries 
resulted in sharp declines in the production of crude cresylic acid 
and other crude tar acids. 

In table 6 are shown the 1938 statistics of domestic production 
and sales of coal tar, crude light oil, and crude products made from 
them, as well as the quantities of the several kinds of tar distilled. 
These figures represent a combination of the data furnished to the 
TarifT Commission by the distillers of purchased tar and the data 
obtained by the Bureau of Mines from coke-oven operators who 
completely or partly distill (top) tar produced by themselves. 



6 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 6. — Coal-tar crudes: ^ United States production and sales, 1938 

[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed 00 
p. 56. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification num- 
ber with the designated product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that the 
statistics of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information with regard to individ- 
ual firms] 

Tar distilled by purchasers thereof: ^ 

OU-gastar 12,467,981 gallons $627,915 

Water-gastar --- 26, 328, 644 gallons 1,335,796 

Coaltar 246,923,103 gallons 13,393,428 

Total 285,719,788 gallons 15,357,139 



Product 



Tar 3 gallons.. 

Light oil derivatives: 

Crude light oil do 

Benzol (except motor 

benzol) ' gallons.. 

Motor benzol do 

Toluol, crude and re- 
fined gallons. 

Solvent naphtha do 

XyloP do-.-. 

Other light oil prod- 
ucts * gallons- 

Naphthalene, crude and re- 
fined' .pounds. 

Anthracene, crude (less than 
30 percent) 2 pounds.. 

Oumene^ gallons. 

Cresylic acid (less than 75 
percent) 2 gallons- 

High residue oils ^ do.-. 

Pyridine 2 do... 

Creosote oil do... 



Tars, crude and refined ^.do-.. 

Tars, road ^ do... 

Other distillates ' ...do... 

Pitch of tar tons. 

Pitch of tar coke 2._- do... 

Total. 



Manufacturers' identifica- 
tion numbers (according 
to list on p. 56) 



Production 
(quantity) 



Sales 



Quantity 



10, 55, 101, 114, 171, 178, 179, 
X, X. 



419,579,649 302,321,022 $14,904,501 
123, 649, 078 9, 588, 332 ] 811, 496 



20, 105, 171. 



20,30,60,105,154,171 

20, 30, 60, 120, 178, 179, X- 



20,30,60,154,171 

20, 55, 114, 120, 171, 178, 182, 
X, 



178. 
20.. 



20.- 

120 

20, 120, 178 

10, 20, 54, ^5, 101, 105. 107, 
114, 120, 123, 154, 178, 179, 
182, X, X. 

20, 55, 60, 101, 114, 120, 171, 

178, 179, 182, X, X. 

10, 20, 101, 107, 120, 171, 178, 

179, 182, X. 

10, 20, 54, 101, 114, 120, 166. 

178, 179, 182, X, X, X, X. 
10, 20, 54, 55, 101, 107, 114, 

120, 123, 166, 178, 179, 182, 

X X 
20, 107, 120, 166, 178, 179, X. 



Value 



17, 744, 657 
61, 902, 752 

16, 089, 570 
5, 483, 040 
2, 900, 243 

10, 384, 138 

53. 584. 209 



86, 532 
, 066, 812 



24, 784, 189 

144, 061, 551 

27,677,529 

447, 168 

80, 436 



17, 176, 742 
61, 221, 485 

15, 588, 165 
4, 834, 644 
2, 732, 697 

6,461,307 

50, 692, 750 



88, 712, 723 

23, 639, 190 

144, 023, 479 

7, 178, 525 

230, 225 

63, 749 



2, 317, 420 
6, 064, 326 

3, 521, 188 
1, 009, 035 

677,311 

862. 646 
979, 039 



(«) 

(8) 

C) 

10, 820, 307 



1, 594, 746 
12, 004, 996 
1,130,015 
3,357,663 

763, 905 



Unit 
value 



.049 

.085 



.135 
.099 

.226 
.209 

.248 

.132 
.019 



60, 808, 594 



.122 

.067 

.083 

.157 

14.58 

11.98 



• Data for coke ovens reported to Bureau of Mines, and for tar refineries and others, to United States 
Tariff Commission, unless otherwise noted. 

' Reported to United States TarilT Commission only. 

3 Reported to Bureau of Mines only. 

< Includes benzol and xylol reported to United States Tariff Commission and other light oil products 
reported to Bureau of Mines. 

« Includes crude and refined naphthalene reported to Bureau of Mines and crude naphthalene reported 
to United States TarilT Commission. 

* Not included in total. 

' Includes crude tar acids reported to United States Tariff Commission and phenol and sodium phenolate 
reported to Bureau of Mines. 



COAL-TAR INTERMEDIATES 

The production of 401,943,000 pounds of coal-tar intermediates 
in 1938 was 30 percent under that in 1937. Sales were 171,514,000 
pounds vahied at $26,090,000, or an average of 15 cents per pound. 
The difference between quantities of production and sales, both in 
the total and in the individual items listed hi the following table, is 
due primarily to consumption by the producing company in the 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 7 

manufacture of finished coal-tar products. Intermediates were manu- 
factm"ed by 55 concerns in 1938, the same number as in 1937. 

The output of intermediates used in the fabrication of synthetic 
resins dechned sharply in 1938. The 44,548,000 pounds of phenol 
and the 27,650,000 pounds of phthalic anhydride produced in 1938 
were 32 percent and 39 percent, respectively, less than in 1937. The 
basic commodities, aniline oil and refined naphthalene, were down 
almost as much. Among- the important intermediates that decreased 
greatly in output were H acid, gamma acid, benzoyl benzoic acid, 
monochlorobenzene, refined cresylic acid, dinitrochlorobenzene, maleic 
acid and anhydride, b-naphthol, and nitrobenzene. 

Contrary to the general trend, the 13,061,000 pounds of p-dichloro- 
benzene made in 1938 were almost 12 percent more than in 1937. 
Among the few intermediates that increased in production in 1938 
were acetoacetanilide, benzoic acid, tech., dinitrophenol, tech., and 
phenyl-l-naphthylamine-8-sulfonic acid. 

Statistics of production and sales of coal-tar intermediates in 1938 
are shown in table 7. 



Table 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1938 

[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on 
p. 56. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification 
number with the designated product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that 
the statistics of production. or sales cannot be published without revealing information with regard to 
individual firms. The figures thus concealed, however, are included in the total] 





Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according 
to list on p. 56) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Acetanilide, tech 


42,60,82, 136 

33, 212- 


Pounds 
167, 937 


Pounds 






Acetoacetanilide--- _ 








Acetotoluide 


30, 212:- 










S-Acetylamino salicylic acid 


1 - 










Acetyldiaraincanthraquinone 


6 










Acetyl-l:4-naphthalene-diamine-r) and 7- 


144 .-- 










sulfonic acids (acetylamino Oleve's 
acid). 
Acetyl-p-phenylenediamine (p-amino 


42,60,82, 144 

60,97, X 


206, 923 








acetanilide). 
Acetyl-p-toluidine 








Acridine yellow 


60, 144 










Adipic acid . ._ _ 


60 










a-Aminoanthraquinone and salt . 


60,82, 144 










b-Aminoanthraquinone 


60,82, 144- -- 

6, 30, 42, 60, 82, 144- 
6, 30, 60, 82, 144, 

165. 
6, 144 


360, 333 
125, 883 
74, 504 








Aminoazobenzcne and hydrochloride- .- 








Aminoazobenzene sulfonic acid - _ - 








Aminoazobenzcne disulfonic acid 








Aminoazotoluene -- 


30, 42, 60, 82, 144, 

165. 
82, 144.-- 


224, 903 








Aminoazotoluene mono sulfonate 








Aminoazo.xylone . . 


6,82, 144 










Aminoazoxylcne-toluidine 


30---- j . 








8-Amino-l :2-benzacridone. 


60 i 








o-Aminobenzoic acid (anthranilic acid)-- 


58,60 








p-Aminobenzoic acid- .- 


60 










Amino-5-benzoylaminoanthraquinone. , _ 


60 










m-Aminobenzoyl I acid 


144 










m-AminobenzoylJ acid 


60, 165. 










p-.\minobenzovl J acid __ 


60, 82, 144, 165 . 


4.";. AAQ 








l-Amino-2-bromo-4-p-to]uidine anthra- 


GO 






qumone. 
Aminobutyrylnminodiethyl hvdroqui- 


165 .. - 






none. 
Amino-4chlorophenol 


144.-. 






2-Amino-4-chlorotoluene 


60, 144 






m-Aminocresol methyl ether 


42 






l-Amino-2:4-dibromoanthrnqiiiuone 


60, 144 j.. 


1 





8 UNITED STATES TARIFE COMMISSION 

Table 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1938 — Con. 





Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according 
to list on p. 66) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


2-Amino-5-diethylaminotoluene hydro- 
chloride. 


65 


Pounds 


Pounds 






65,82 












60 










p-Aminodimethylaniline 


65, 144 










60 










Aminodiphenylamine sulfonic acid 

Aminodiphenyl ether 

3-Amino-4-hydroxyphenyl arsenic acid., 


42, 82, 144 .. .- 


15, 035 








165 








1 










60 - 










l-Amino-2-naphthoi-4-sulfonic acid 

l-Amino-8-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid 

l-Amino-8-naphthol-2;4-disulfonic acid 
(Chicago acid). 

l-Amino-8-naphthol-3:6-disulfonic acid 
(Hacid). 

2-Amino-5-naphthol-7-sulfonic acid (J 
acid) . 

2-Amino-8-naphthol-6-sulfonic acid (gam- 
ma acid) . 

2-Amino-8-naphthol-3:6-disulfonic acid 
(2 R acid). 


42, 60,82, 144 

42, 60, 144 


550, 887 














42, 60, 144 


56, 537 

2, 515, 842 

366, 138 

588, 298 








60,82, 141, 144 

6, 30, 42, 60, 82, 144. 
6, 42, 60, 82, 144.... 
60, 144 


























60,65,217,225 

42, 144 


13,068 


16, 398 


$25, 156 


$1.53 






p-Aminophenol and hydrochloride 

p-Aminophenylammonium-hydroxide. - - 
m-Aminophenylpyrazolone carboxylic 
acid. 


30, 60, 65, 217, 225, 

227. 
X __ 


628, 586 


377, 597 


236, 362 


.63 


165 










165, X 












6,42, 144 












82 












42 












141 












186..- 












186 












60 










none. 


42, 60, 144 . . . 


39, 359 








Aniline hydrochloride and sulfate 


X, X 








165 












30, 58, 60, 136, 141, 

144, X. 
60, 144, 165 


26, 745, 862 


8,405,484 


916, 982 


.11 








X 












60, 141 












144, 165 












60, 141, 144 










Anthranilic acid. (See o-Aminobenzoic 












acid.) 


144, X 










Anthraquinone-a -sulfonic acid 


82, 144 










82 












60,82 












144 __ 












60 










nate. 


60 










Anthraquinone-2-so'lium sulfonate (sil- 


6, 60, 144 










ver salt). 


144 












60 












X... 












165 . . 












203, X, X 












82 












6, 30, 60, 82, 144, 

161. 
60 






















141 












42, 60, 65, 144 










Benzidine hydrochloride and sulfate 


30, 60,82, 144 

42 


957, 281 


















6,42,82, 165, X ... 
60, 100, 141, 203, X. 
100 - 


17, 041 
138, 058 










110, 810 


36, 514 


.33 








100, 141, X 










Benzoyl acetanilide 


65 - 











SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 9 

Table 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1938 — Con. 





Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according 
to list on p. 56) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Xame of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


l-Benzoylamino-4-chloroanthraquinone-- 


60,82 


Pounds 


Pounds 






l-Benzoylamino-o-ehloroanthraquinone.- 


60, 144 










5-Benzovlamino-l:l-dianthramide- 


60 










l-Benzoylamino-5-p-toluene sulfonic an- 


60 










thraquinone. 
Benzoyl benzoic acid 


60,82, 144, X 










Benzoyl chloride.- 


100, 141 










Benzoyl J acid -- 


42 










Benzyl chloride -- 


100, 141, X, X 










Benzyl disulfide.- 


100 










Benzylidine aminopvrazolone -. 


X 










Beta gamma picoline .- 


20-. 










Broenner's acid. (See 2-Naphthylamine- 

6-sulfonic acid.) 
Bromamine acid , 


60, 144 










Bromobenzantlirone _ 


60 










Bromobenzene - 


58,65 










p-Bromomethylaminoanthraquinone 


82 










p-Bromophenol 


X 










Butyl phenol (p-tertiary) ._ 


58 










Chicago acid. (See l-Amino-8-naph- 

thol-2:4-disulfonic acid.) 
o-Chloroacetoacetanilide 


33,212. 










Chloroacetoacet vlnaphthylamide 


165_-.. 










l-Chloro-5-aminoanthraquinone 


60, 144 










l-Chloro-8-aminoanthraquinone- 


60 










o-Chloroaminobenzoic acid 


82, X.... 










Chloroaminophenol sulfonic acid ... 


42,60 










5-Chloro-2-aminotoluene hydrochloride. . 


60 










o-Chloroaniline 


141, 217.. 










m-Chloroaniline 


141 










p-Chloroaniline __ 


141. 










p-Chloroaniline sulfonic acid.. 


6,60 










Chloroanisidine _.. .. 


100 










Chioroanisidine methylene 


165 










Chloroanthraquinone 


30, 60, 82, 144 

60,82, 144 


258, 984 
89, 827 








o-Chlorobenzaldehyde. .- . 








Chlorobenzene (mono) - 


58, 60, 100, 141, 194. 
60, 144, X 








o-Chlorobenzoic acid . 










Chlorobenzovl benzoic acid 


30,60,82, 144 

60, 144 


467. 224 








l-Chloro-2-carboxy anthraquinone 








p-Chloro-m-cresol_. 


20 










2-Chloro-l:4-dihydroxy anthraquinone 


6, 144 










(chloroquinizarin) . 
Chlorometanilic acid_ ._ _ . 


60, 144 










Chloromethylanthraquinone ._ 


30,60,82, 144 

100, X 


55,609 








Chloronaphthalene 








o-Chloro-p-nitroaniline .-. 


30, 58, 60 










p-Chloronitroaniline 


60,217-. 










l-Chloro-5-nitroauthraquinone 


60, 144 










l-ChIoro-8-nitroanthraquinone 


60 










4-ChIoro-2-nitrotoluene 


60 . 










6-Chloro-2-nitrotoluene ... 


60, 144... 










o-Chlorophenol 


141 












58, 141 










2- C hloro-o-phony Iphenol 


58 










4-Chloro-o-pheny Iphejiol 


58 










Chlorosulfophenylmethylpyrazolone 


60 










Chloro symmetrical xylenol 


20 










Chlorotoluene 


60, 100, 144 










o-Chloro-p-toluene sodium sulfonate 


141. 










Chlorotoluene-bis-diazo-ethvlene diam- 


165- - 










ine diacetic acid. 
Chloro-o-toluidine 


60, 144 










4-Chloro-2-toluidine methylene 


165 










Chlorotoluidine sulfonic acid 


30, 42, 60, X 

60 


177, 422 


20,696 


$20, 326 


$0.98 


2-Chloro-4-toluidine-5-sulfonic acid 




Chlorotolvlthioclycollic acid 


60, 82, 144 










Chromotropic acid. (See l:8-Dihydro.xy- 
naphthalene-3;6-disulfonic acid.) 

Cleve's acid. (See l-Naphthylamine-6 
and 7-sulfonic acid.) 

Cresidine 


60 










o-Cresol 


20, 178, X 










m-Cresol 


20, X 










p-Cresol 


20,203 










Cresol, meta-para 


20. 178--- 











10 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1938 — Con. 





Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according 
to list on p. 56) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value SS, 


Cresol, ortho-meta-para -- 


20, 30, 120, 178, 20.3, 

X. 
58 


Pounds 
11, 403, 429 


Pounds 










Cresylic acid (refined) 


20,30, 120, 178. X__ 










21, 144 










Cyanoacetylcoumarone - 


65 












141 












141 












60 










Dehydrothio-p-toluidine sulfonic acid — 


42, 60, 144 










217 










6, 60, 82, 144 

60 


73, 778 


















60 










Diaminodimethvlphenylacridine- . 


165 










4:4-D i a m i n o-2:2-dimethyldiphenylme- 

thane. 
Diaminodiphenylamine sulfonic acid 


60, 144 










6,42 










165 










1 'S-D iamino-4 :5-dinitro anthraquinone - _ 


60 












30 












60,82, 144 


122, 195 








1'5-Dianilidoanthraquinone-o-o-dicar- 


60 








boxylic acid (dicarboxylic-anthraqui- 
none) . 


42,60,82 












60, 144 










l:l-Dianthraquinone imin, diamine 

l:l-Diantliraquinoneimine-4:4-dibenzoyl 


60,82, 144 










60, 144 










l:l-Dianthraquinone imine 4:5-dibenzoyl 

diamine. 
l:l-Dianthraquinone imine dinitro 


60, 144 










60 










82 










l-Diazo-2 naphthol-4-sulfonic acid 


42,82, 144 










60,82, 144 


47, 983 










30, 60 










60 












60 










4:5-Dibenzoylaraino-l:l-dianthraquino- 
nylamine. 


82 










60 












60, 82 












58 










Dibromodihydroxy naphthalene 


65 












60 












33 












60, 100, 141, 144, 
217. 

60, 144, 165 

60 


86, 199 
30, 897 


65, 840 


$25, 664 


$0.39 














1'8-Dichloroanthraquinone 


60, 82 










l'8-Dicliloroanthraquinone-4:5-disulfonic 


82 










acid. 


60 












58,60,67,100,141-. 
58, 60, 67, 100, 141, 

194. 
42, 60 . 


3, 290, 355 
13, 061, 206 


2, 446, 247 
12, 824, 672 


136, 486 
1, 093, 223 


.06 




.09 








165 










l:8-Dichloro-4:5-dinitroanthraquinone 


60 










165 












165 












141 












165 












42 










Dichlc)rosiilfi)|)ticnylniethylpyrazolone..- 


60, 165 










141 












60 . 












82, 144 












60 . 












60, 144, X 










Di<tlivl:inilirH'-m-sulfonic acid 


60, X 












58 












65 . 










l:4-I)ihydroxy anthraquinone (quini- 
zarin) . 


6, 14, 30, 60, 82, 
144. 227. 


142, 677 















SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS II 

Table 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1938 — Con. 





Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according 
to list on p. 56) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


l:5-Dihydroxy anthraquinone (anthraru- 

fin). 
l:8-Dihydroxy anthraquinone (chrysa- 

zinl. 
p-p-Dihydroxydiphenyldimethylme- 

thane (his-phenolV 
5:5-Dihydroxy-7:7-disulfonic-2:2-dinaph- 

thylamine (Rlioduline acid). 
5:5-Dihydroxy-7:7-disulfonic-2:2-dinaph- 

thylurea (J acid urea). 


60,82, 144, X 

60. 


Pounds 
135,661 


Pounds 












58 --. 










60- 










42,60,82, 144 

82 


138, 142 
















82 












60, 144 










l:8-Dihydroxynaphthalene-3:6-disulfonic 

acid (ehromotropic acid). 
5:5-Dihydroxy-di-b-naphthylamine -7:7- 

disulfonic acid (I acid imide). 


42, 60, 144 










144 










30, 60, 144 . . 


2, 739, 289 


509, 595 


$116,773 


$0.23 




30, 60, 144 






30, 60, 141, 144 












6, 60 












6, 60 












00 












30, 60, 144 . 


1, 312, 482 










42 










30, 60, 82, 141, 144.. 
X 


4,965,771 


















58 












60 










4:8-Dinitro-l:5-dinitrophenyl ether an- 
thraquinone. 


60 










82 












60, 82, 144 












60, 82, 144 


307, 292 








Dinitrotetr amethyldiaminodiphenyl- 
methane. 


82 








60, 144 












82 ... 












144 












60 












60 










1'5-Diphenoxy anthraquinone . - 


60 












58, 141, 165 










Diphenyl derivatives: 


141 












141 












58 












58 












141 












141 












58 60 












60, 144, X 


8,601 










60 










144 












165 










1 :3-Di-p-toluidino anthraquinone 


60 










60 










141 










6-Ethoxv-3-hvdroxy thionaphthalene 


60 












X 












60 












60, 82, 144 












58 












X 












05 












141 












60. 144 












42.60.82,144 

60, 144 


354, 465 








Ethvlben7v!-m-(;oluidine 








Ethvlbenzv!-Tii-tnluidine sulfonic acid 


60, 82, 144 


22, 681 










58 










60, 144 










■Ethyl-o-toluidine-p-sulfonicacid 

Ethvl-m-toluidihe .- 


60 










60.144 












97, 148 










Fumaric acid 


144 











172545—39 3 



12 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1938 — Con, 





Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according 
to list on p. 56) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


value y^i^ 




165 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Gamma acid (See 2-Amino-8-naphthol- 

6-sulfonic acid). 
Gamma bromo propyl p-nitrobenzoate 

(gamma bromo ester). 
H acid (See l-Amino-8-naphthol-3:6- 

disulfonic acid). 












1 




















100 












58 ._.. 












60 .-^ 












60 










a-Hydroxyanthraquinone 


60,144 - 










Hydroxy ethylethylaniline 


60 










b-Hydroxy naplithoie acid 


60,82, 144 


751, 737 


485, 013 


$485, 148 


$i.oa 




60 




p-Hydroxyphenyl arsonic acid 


1 










Indamine 


30 










Indophenol (blue and ereen) 


60,144 










Isatin 


144 










Isopropyl ester of p-toluidine sulfonic 


60 










acid. 
Iso violanthrone 


6,60 










Laurent's acid (See l-Naphthylamine-5- 












sulfonic acid. ) 
Lead trinitroresorcinate (lead styph- 


X 










nate). 


60 










none. 
Leuco indophenol BCFN 


60 












6,60,144 

6 


16, 075 
















Maleic acid and anhydride 


7,141,144 


1, 538, 648 


1, 195, 941 


337, 981 


.28 




144 






30,42,60,144 










Methoxychlorobenzene diazoamino car- 


165 










boxy pyrrolidine. 


60 












82 












30,60 












144 










2-Methvl quinoline (quinaldine) 


20, 144, X 










Methylene bismethyl 


X 










Michler's hydrol (See Tetramethyldi- 












aminobenz hydrol). 
Michler's ketone CSee Tetramethyldi- 












aminobenzophenone). 
Naphthalene, solidifying 79° C. or above 
(refined, flake): 


20, 30, 60, 178, 179, 
189, 198, 223, X 


38, 259, 167 

21, 991. 677 
16, 267. 490 


25, 905. 056 


1, .567, 604 


.06 


From imported crude naphthalene 










Naphtha'ene sodium sulfonate. 


82 










42,60,82,144 

144. ___ 


250. 540 
















2:7-Naphthalone disulfonic acid and salt 


42,60,82, 144, X... 
144 


51, 838 








b-Naphthalene sulfonic acid 








Naphthaleno-h-thiofflvcollic acid 


60, 144 _ . .. 










Naphthalene-1 :3:r)-trisulfonie acid 


82 










Naphthionic acid (See 1-Naphthylamine- 












4-sulfonicacid). 
a-Naphthol .. , 


42,60,82,144 

42 


560, 932 








a-Kaphthol-3:6-disulfonic acid 








b-Naphthol, tech .. 


144, X,X 










l-Naphthol-8-chloro-3:6-disulfonic acid 


144 










(chloro H acid). 
l-Naphthol-4-suIfonic acid (Nevile & 


42,60, 144_ 










Winthcr's acid). 
l-Naphthol-5-sulfonic acid 


42,60,82,144 

60... _ 


121.496 








2-Nai)hthol sulfonic acid 








2-Naphthol-6-sulfonic acid (Schaeffer's 

acid. 
2-Naphthol-7-sulfonic acid. 


30,42,60,82, 144... 
42,60, X . 


148, 189 


24, 502 


10, 586 


.43 


2-Naphthol-S-Ruironieacid 


42 










2-Naphthol-3:r)-disulfonicacid 

2-NaphthoI-n:8-disulfon!cacid 


42,60,82,144, X... 

42,60,82. 144 

42 


277. 493 
733.861 


121, 557 


66, 010 


.53 


Naphthsulton disulfonic acid 1:8:3:6 








8-Naphthylamine. 


60,82, 144 


2. ill, 334 









SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 13 

Table 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1938 — Con. 



yame of intermediate 



Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according 
to list on p. 56) 



Sales 



Produc- 
tion 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



a-Naphthylamine disulfonic acid 

b-Naphthylamine 

l-Naphthy)amine-2-sulfonic acid (o- 

naphthionic acid). 
l-NaphthyIamine-4-sulfonic acid (naph- 

thionic acid). 
l-Naphthylamine-5-sulfonic acid (Lau- 
rent's acid). 

l-Naphthylarnine-6-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-6 and 7-salfonie acid 

(Cleve's acid). 

l-Naphthylamine-7-sulfonic acid 

l-NaphthyIarnine-8-sulfonic acid 

l-Israphthylamine-.3;8-disulfonic acid 

l-N'api:thylamine-4:8-disulfonic acid 

l-NaphthyIamine-.3:6:8-trisulfonic acid..^ 
2-NaphthyIamine-l-suIfonic acid (Tobias 

acid). 
2-Naphthyhmine-6-sulfonicacid (Broen- 

ner's acid). 

a-Naphthylamine-Sre-disulfonie acid 

2-Naphthylarnine-l:8-disulfoDic acid 

2-Naphthylaniine-5:7-disuIfonic acid 

2-Naphtliy]amine-f:8-disuIfonic acid 

2-NraphthyJarninp-2:3:6-trisulfonic acid. .. 
l-Naphthylamino-2-carbo.xylic acid an- 

thraquinone. 

p-Nitroacetanilide . 

Nitroacctoacet ylnaphthylamide 

3-N'ifro-:'-aiT:inoani.solp _ 

4-Kitro-2-amirioanisole 

5-Nifro-2-aminoanisoIe -. 

Nitroaniinodiplienylamlne sulfonic acid 

Xitroaminophcnol 

p-Xitro-o-aminophenol 

4-Nitro-4-amino-2-suifodiphenylamine. . . 

o-Xit roaniline 

m-Nitroaniline 

p-Xitroani!ine 

p-Nitroaniline sulfonic acid 

m-Nitro-p-anisidine 

p-Xitro-o-anisidinc 

3-Xitro-4-anisidine 

o-Xit roanisolc 

p-Xitroanisole _. 

Xitrobenzcne 

Xitro benzene sulfonic acid 

Xitrobenzene-2:5-disu!fonic acid 

0-N it robenzini idazole 

m-X ii rolicrizoic acid 

p-Xitrobenzoic acid 

ni-Xitrobcnzoyl chloride. 

m-Xitrobenzoyl sulfonic acid 

p-Xif robenzoy 1 chloride 

p-Xitrobenzoyl J acid 

Nitrobutyrylaminodiethyl hydroqui- 

none. 

Nitrocarboxyl pyrazolone 

o-Xit rochloro benzene - 

o-Xitrochlorobenzene sulfonic acid 

o-Xitrochlorobonzene-p-suIfonic acid 

m-Xit rochlorobenzene 

p-Xitrochlorobenzene 

p-Xitrochlorobenzene-o-sulfonicacid 

m-Xit rocreso! 

m-Xit ro-p-cresol 

Xitrocresol methyl ether. 

8-Xirro-l-diazo-2-naphtho!-4-sulfonicacid. 

Xitro-p-dirblorobenzeue -.. 

4-Xitrniiii'tliy!aniline 

Nitrdiliphi'iiyl other 

Xitrohydnizine 

3-Xitro-4-hydroxy-l-phenyl arsenic acid.. 

X^itromethano base 

Xitronaphthalene. 

2-Xitronaphthalene-4:8-disulfonicacid.-. 

o-Xit roi ihenetol 

o-Xit rophenol . 



Pounds 



Pounds 



60 

30, 60, 144. 
60 



42, 60, 82, 144, X_ 
30, 42, 60, 82, 144. 



110,726 



42, 60, 82, 144. 
30,42,60,82.. 



42,60,82, 144 

30, 42, 60, 82, 144. 

42,60 

42,60, 144 

60,82, 144 

30,42,60, X 



126, 801 
252, 007 



3, 260, 315 
823,087 



473, 363 



$280, 545 



$0.59 



42, 60, 144. 



42,144 

42, 60, 82, 144. 
42, 60, 82, 144. 
42, 60, 82, 144. 

144 

60 



126, 359 
515.467 
883, 711 



42, 82. 
165... 
144... 
144.... 

60 

6 



30,42, 144 

60 

144 

141 

.30, 42, 60, 144, 217. 

6, 141. 

30,42,60 

60, 144 

60,82 

82 

60, 141 

60, 144 

30, 60, 82, 144, X.. 
42,00,82,144,165. 

42, 165 

65... 

60 

60 

60,100 .- 

6 



55, 029 



47, 945 
"38,'8i5' 



36, 934, 140 
90. 170 



00, 100, X. 

60,82 

165 



165 

60, 141 

42.. 

144 

60, 141 

60, 141 

6, 42, 60, 144. 

1,60. 

42... 

60 

82, 144 

144, 217 

82.. 

165. 

165 



145, 078 



165 

60, 82, 144. 
42, 82, 144. 

60 

60, 217, X. 



102, 881 



14 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1938 — Con. 





Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according 
to list on p. 56) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 




60, 141, 217 


Pounds 


Pounds 








82 












65, 165 










4-Nitro-4-prime aminodiphenyl sulfide..- 


1 . 












165 










6, 82, 144 










82 












18, 30, 60, 65, 144... 
60, 82, 144 ._-- 


536, 795 


















60, 82, 144 










o-Nitrotoluene sulfonic acid . - 


6,42 - 












60, 82, 144 












60, 82, 144 










p-NitrotoIuene-o-sulfonic acid 


42,60,82, 144 

1, 165 


694, 318 
















m-Nitro-p-toluidine 


30, 60, 97, X, X..._ 
30, 60 . 


526, 483 


478, 389 


$581, 341 


$1.22 


p-Nitro-o-toluidine . . - - - 




5-Nitro-2-toluidine . - - 


165 










Nitrotoluidine sulfone - - 


165 










Nitro-m-tolylenediamine - - - - 


82 -.. 












60, 144 












60,82 












60, 144 












60,82 












144 . 












60, 82 . 












100 










Penta chlorophenol and sodium salt 


58, 141 . 












60, 141 












60. 141, X 










Phenol --- 


20, 30, 58, 120, 141, 

178, X. 
42,60, 144, 165 

30, 42, 60 144, 165.- 

X 


44, 647, 798 
48, 928 
10, 793 


32, 195, 536 


3, 560, 037 


.11 


Phenyl - 2 - amino - 5 - naphthol - 7 - sul- 




fonic acid (phenyl J acid). 
Phenyl - 2 - amino - 8 - naphthol - 6 - sul- 








fonic acid (phenyl gamma acid). 








I'henylethvl malonic ester 


X, X 










Phenylethyl malonic diethyl ester 


1, X 












6, 30, 42, 60", 144, 

172. 
42, 60, 144 


549, 415 
44, 658 


















217, X 










42 












60 












58 60 144 


4, 205, 347 










58 05 165 181 










82 165, 200 












1 












X 












30 68, 60, 165, X 










1 - Phenyl - 3 - methyl - 5 - pyrazolone 


60 165 










(developer Z). 
PhenylmethyIpyrazolone-4-sulfonic acid . 
Phenyl-l-naphthylamine-8-sulfonic acid _ 


82 










30, 60, 82, 144 

58 


266, 368 
















58 












60, X 










Phthalic acid and anhydride . - 


7, 20, 60, 141, 144, X 
60 


27, 650, 270 


14,058,480 


1, 979, 766 


.14 








141 












20 










Picramic acid and salt . - 


30,60, 144 

60, 100, 141 


66, 700 


39, 874 


25, 753 


.65 








42, 144 












161 












165 












X 












60 












6 










Quinaldine. (See 2-Methyl quinoline.) 


144 












20 












X 










Ked KB, base 


82 












60, X 










Rlioduline acid. (See 5:5-Dihydroxy-7:7- 
disulfonic-2:2-dinaphthylamine.) 













SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 15 

Table 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1938 — Con. 





Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according 
to list on p. 56) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Salicylic acid, tech 


68, 60- -- 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Salicylic anilide (Shirlan) 


60 










Sehaeffer's acid. (See 2-Naphthol-6-sul- 

fonic acid.) 
Silver salt. (See Anthraquiiione-2- 

sodium sulfonate.) 
Sodium cliloro-o-phenylphenate 


58 










60 










Sodium pentachlorophenate 

Sodium o-phenylphenate 


58 










58 










58 












68 










Sodium xvlene sulfonate 


141 . 










Succinic acid and anhydride 


144, X 












6, 30, 42, 60, 144, 

217. 
60,82 


1, 503, 149 








o-Sulfobenzaldehyde . .. _. 








p-Sulfo-o-benzoyl benzoic acid (sulfo BB 
acid.) 


60 










60 












60, 165 _- 










Sulfophenylmethylpyrazolone carbox- 

y lie acid. 
Tetraaminoditolylmethane 


166 










144, 165 ... 










1 :8 :4 :.5-Tetrachloroanthraquinone 


82 










100 












144 










Tetraethyldiaminobenzophenone (ethyl 

ketone.) 
Tetraethvldiaminobenz hvdrol 


60, 144 










82 










Tetraethvldiaminodiphenvlmethane 


82 












165 












60, 82 - 










ler'.s hydrol). 
Tetramethyldiaminobenzophenone 


60, 82, 144, X 










(Michler's ketone). 
Tetramethyldiaminodiphenylmethane- 
Tetramet h y Idiaminodiphenylmethane 


30, 60, 82, 144, 165.. 
144 


492, 574 














sulfonate. 


30, 144 










Thioaniline disulfonic acid 


144 










Tolazine, base 


l4t - 










Tolidine and salts 


42, 60, 65, 144 










Tolidine disulfonic acid ... 


6, 165 










o-Toluene sulfamide 


141 












141 












141 










p-Toluene sulfonic acid ethvl ester 


217 










p-Toluene-sulfophenylmethvlpyrazolone. 


165 










Toluidine 


30, 60 










Toluidine disulfonic acid 


42 










o-Toluidine 


30, 60, 82, 144 












144 










o-Toluidine sulfonic acid 


30, 60, 144 . - 


90,927 








m-Toluidine 


60 








p-Toluidine 


60, 144 










p-Tohiidine sulfonic acid 


6,60 




. 






p-Tolyl-o-benzoic acid .. 


30, 60, 82 










m-Tolylenediamine 

m-Tolvlenediamine sulfonic acid 


30, 42, 60, 82, 144... 
42, 144 


689, 231 


190, 446 


$128,032 


$0.67 


p-Tolvlenediamine 


30 










p-Tolylenediamine sulfate 


30 










Tolvl-]-naphthylamine-8-sulfonic acid 


30, 82, 144... 










(tolyl peri acid). 
Tribromnphenol 


58 










Trichlorobenzene 


58. ibb, 141 

141 


942, 792 


608, 158 


31,477 


.06 






Tricresylphosphate 


37, 141, 158 










Trinitrophenol 


60, 144 










2:4:6-Trinitroresorcin (styphnic acid) 


X 










82 










Triphenvlphosphate . 


58, 141, X 










Valero-m-cresol 


X 












58 










m-Xylene 


60, X 










Xylenols _. . 


20,30,178 ... -. 










Xylidine and salt 


60, 144 










m-Xylidiue 


60, 144 












16 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1938 — Con. 





Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according 
to list on p. 56) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


m-Xvlidine acetate _ _. ___ 


144 


Pounds 


Pounds 






m-Xylidine sulfonic acid- _. . 


6,60, 144 










Xvlidine, ortho and para -_ 


30, 60, 144 










Other intermediates 


1, 60, 165, 178, X 






















Total intermediates: 

For which individual statistics are 


244, 373, 470 
157, 569, 495 


100, 456, 654 
71, 057, 064 


$11, 661, 766 
14, 427, 831 


$0.12 


shown. 
For which individual statistics can- 




.20 


not be shown. 






Grand total 


401,942,965 


171,513,718 


26, 089, 597 


.15 











COAL-TAR DYES 

The total production of coal-tar dyes in 1938 was 81,759,000 
pounds, or 33 percent less than in 1937. Sales decreased 26 percent 
in quantity and 18 percent in value, to 87,803,000 pounds valued at 
$53,096,000. Unclassified^ dyes accounted for 16 percent of sales 
quantity and 32 percent of sales value of all dyes in 1938, as com- 
pared with 14 percent and 30 percent, respectively, in the preceding 
year. 

Sales of synthetic indigo dropped from 17,791,000 pounds in 1937 
to 11,738,000 pounds in 1938; and of sulfur black from 14,305,000 
pounds to 8,479,000 pounds during the same period. Drastic cur- 
tailment in our dye export trade with the Orient, and replacement 
of indigo and sulfur black by other dyes in the domestic market are 
primary causes of the greatly lessened sales of these and similar 
cheap, bulk colors. Unusually heavy declines in sales of these cheap 
colors, together with generally satisfactoiy, and in some instances, 
increased sales of the relatively high-priced dyes, resulted in an in- 
crease in the average unit value of sales of all dyes from 55 cents a 
pound in 1937 to 60 cents a pound in 1938. 

Azoic dyes and their components increased in sales from 2,391,000 
pounds in 1937 to 2,591,000 pounds in 1938. During the year the 
average unit value dropped from $1.74 a pound to $1.60 a pound. 

Forty-one companies produced dyes in 1938. Two small com- 
panies, whose output accounted for a negligible portion of the total 
produced by the 43 companies in 1937, did not report production 
in 1938. 

Production and sales of dyes by classes of application are shown 
in table 8; and of individual dyes, grouped as far as practicable by 
chemica) classes, in table 9. Wherever they can be shown without 
revealing confidential information, totals for chemical classes are 
given. 

1 Not classified according to Colour Index numbers. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



17 



Table 8. — Comparison of United States production and sales of dyes, by classes of 
application, average 1925-30, annual 1937 and 1938 



Class of application 



Acetate silk 

Acid 

Azoic - 

Basic 

Direct 

Lake and spirit-soluble 
Mordant and chrome. - 

Sulfur 

A^at, total 

(a) Indigo 

(b) Other 

Unclassified 

Total 



Acetate silk 

Acid 

Azoic 

Basic 

Direct 

Lake and spirit-soluble 
Mordant and chrome.. 

Sulfur.. 

Vat, total 

(a) Indigo 

(b) Other 

Unclassified 

Total 



Acetate silk 

Acid 

Azoic. .- 

Basic - - 

Direct 

Lake and spirit-soluble 
Mordant and chrome.. 

Sulfur 

Vat, total.. 

(a) Indigo 

(W Other 

Unclassified-. 

Total 



Production 



Quantity 



Average 
1925-30 



Pounds 

(') 

11,813,941 

(') 

4, 833, 382 

17,983,751 

1, 947, 124 

3,611,608 

20, 004, 635 

33. 221, 072 

27, 128, 311 

6, 092, 761 

587, 657 



94. 003, 170 



1937 



Pounds 

2, 191, 881 

15, 343, 304 

2, 699, 613 

5, 775, 239 

30, 595, 183 

3, 157, 406 

6, 192. 888 

20, 528, 542 

34, 501, 413 

18, 416, 903 

16, 084, 510 

1, 259, 080 



122, 244, 579 



1938 



Pounds 

2, 072, 375 

11,699,020 

2, 687, 725 

4, 473, 033 

21,060,655 

2, 284, 620 

3, 058, 926 

11,459,927 

22, 346, 618 

11,000,829 

11,345,789 

615, 949 



81, 758, 848 



Percent of total 



A verage 
1925-30 



12.6 



5.1 
19.1 
2.1 
3.8 
21.3 



28.9 

6.5 

.6 



1937 



1.8 
12.5 
2.2 
4.7 
25.0 
2.6 
5.1 
16.8 



15.1 

13.2 

1.0 



100. 100. 



1938 



Sales 



Quantity 



Pounds 

(') 

11,699,667 

(') 

4, 709, 926 
17, 580, 927 

1,896,821 

3, .558, 732 

19, 810, 565 

32,429,018 

27,111,575 

5, 317, 443 
521,625 



Pounds 

2, 099, 587 

14,911,413 

2,391,318 

5, 433, 966 

29, 152, 360 

2, 949, 908 

6. 008, 996 

20, 455, 232 

33, 406. 528 

17, 790. 949 

15, 615, 579 

1,236,819 



92,207,281 118,046,127 



Pounds 
2, 029, 625 

12,416,001 
2, 591, 306 
4, 417, 627 

21, 967, 120 
2, 339, 341 
3, 452, 169 

12, 855, 450 
25,031,204 
11,738.149 

13, 293, 055 
702^ 991 



87, 802, 834 



Percent of total 



12.7 



5.1 
19.1 
2.1 
3.8 
21.5 



29.4 

5.8 
.5 



100.0 



1.8 
12.6 
2.0 
4.6 
24.7 
2.5 
5.1 
17.3 



15.1 

13.2 

1.1 



100.0 



Sales 



Value 



(0 
$8, 651, 526 

(') 
3, 977, 258 
9, 076, 783 
1,681,736 
2, 212, 390 
3, 928, 982 
9,114,973 
3,741,314 
5, 373, 659 
784, 604 



39, 428, 252 



314, 350 
461,325 
168, 537 
059, 983 
138, 355 
853, 690 
880, 527 
009, 158 
075,211 
965, 248 
109, 963 
051,778 



$2, 001, 844 
9, 841, 787 
4, 151, 107 
4, 152, 496 

11,968,976 
1, 766, 708 
1, 727, 669 
3, 215, 621 

13. 578, 125 
1, 849, 621 

11,728,504 
691,230 



64,612,914 53,095.563 



Percent of total 



21.9 



10.1 
23.0 
4.3 
5.6 
10.0 



9.5 
13.6 
2.0 



100.0 



3.6 
17.7 
6.6 
7.8 
2.3.4 
2.9 
4.5 
7.1 



4.6 

20.3 

1.6 



' Not shown separately during 1925-30. 



18 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, 1938 

[The numbers in the third column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed oa 
page 56. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number 
with the designated product. Blanks in the fourth, fifth, and sixth columns indicate that the statistics 
of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information with regard to individual firms , 
The figures thus concealed, however, are included in the total] 



Colour 


Name of dye 


Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 56) 


Production 


Sales 


Index 
No. 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


2 


Classified dyes 

NITROSO DYE3 

Fast printing green 


82 


Pounds 


Pounds 






5 . . 


Naphthol green 


30 










10 


NITRO DYES 

Naphthol yellow S 


30,42, 144 










16 


AZO DYES 

Monoazo dyes 
Acid yellow Q 


6, 82 










17 .. . 


Spirit yellow R 


6, 30, 52, 76, 144_.-. 
6, 30, 52, 76, 82, 144. 

30,52,82, 144 

30, 82, 144 


46, 185 
29, 535 
352,444 


42, 749 

29, 076 

352, 616 

104, 437 


$34, 980 
18, 146 

124. 081 
35, 037 


$0.82 


19 


Butter yellow 


.62 


20 


Chrysoidine Y 


.35 


21 


Chrysoidine R 


.34 


23 


Oil orange 


52 






24 


Sudan I 


6, 30, 52, 60, 82, 144 
42, 144 


308,973 


280, 125 


133, 581 


.48 


26 


Croceine orange 




27 


Orange G- . . . .. 


30, 42, 60, 82, 144... 
144 


166, 436 


162, 997 


77, 248 


.47 


29 - 


Chromotrope 2R .... 




30 


Fast acid fuchsine B . . 


6, 144 










31 


Amido naphthol red Q . ... 


6, 30, 42, 60, 82, 144_ 

6,30,42,82 

6, 30, 42, 82 


298, 554 
62, 732 


327. 953 
82, 008 
46, 328 


113,022 
38, 802 
25,987 


.34 


36 


Chrome yellow 2G 


.47 


40 


Chrome yellow R 


.56 


52 


Mordant yellow 4Q . . 


6, 30, 42, 82 






63 


Victoria violet . 


30, 42, 60, 82, 144... 
X 


67, 817 


79, 191 


49, 660 


.63 


64 


Lanafuchsine 




66 


Chromotrope 6B . . 


42, 144 










67 


Amido naphthol red 6B 


6, 30, 42, 60, 82, 144_ 
192 


247, 256 


254, 052 


110,360 


.43 


69 


Toluidine red RL 




73 


Sudan II 


6, 30, 52, 76, 82, 144. 
6, 30, 42, 60, 82, 144. 
60, 82 










79 


Ponceau 2R . . . . 


236, 135 


271, 697 


114, 508 


.42 


84 


Double ponceau R . . . 




88 


Bordeaux B . . 


30, 42, 82, 144 

60 


49, 213 


71, 332 


30, 831 


.43 


90. 


Chromotrope lOB 




98 


Chrome brown R 


42, 82 










99 


Palatine chrome green Q 

Chromate brown B 


82 










101 


30, 172, X 










105 


Acid chrome brown R 


60 










110 


Chrome flavine Q 


82 










113 


Oil scarlet 


76 










114 


Azo eosine G 


60 










119 


Eosamine Q 


60 










122 


Chrome yellow 5G 


42 










126 


Direct pink E2GN.... 


60 










128 


Direct pink 


82, 144 










130 


Direct pink EBN 


60 










138 


Metanil yellow 


42, 60, 82, 144 




328,857 


177, 374 


.5* 


142 


Methyl orange 


60 






145 


Azo flavine 2R 


82 










146 


Azo yellow. 


6, 82, 144 


51, 539 


42,890 


25, 496 


.59 


148 


Rcsorcin yellow.. 


30, 82, 144 




151 


Orange II 


30 42 97 144 










156 


Permanent orange R 


X 










161 


Orange R 


30, 42, 60, 144 

42 60 144 


187,892 


209, 316 


61, 480 


.29 


163 


Lake red 4B . 




165 


Lake rod C (100 percent) 


30 60 










167 


Acid chrome brown B . 


144 










168 


Acid chrome garnet R 


42,82, 144 




16, 601 


12, 703 


.77 


169 


Chrome violet R 


42 144 






170 


Chrome black PV 


82, 144 










172 


Acid alizarin black R 

Acid brown R 


82 










175 


82 










176 


Fast red A 


30, 42, 60, 82, 144... 
6,42,60,82, 144.... 

30,42,82, 144 

42 


87, 284 
114,539 
121,216 


100. 668 
112,938 
123, 176 


47, 283 
58, 479 
61, 572 


.47 


179 


Azo rubine. 


.52 


180 


Fast red VR 


.50 


183 


Croceine scarlet 3BX . . 




184 


Amaranth 


6, V2, 144 











SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 19 

Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, 1938 — Con. 



Colour 


Name of dye 


Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 56) 


Production 


Sales 


Index 
No. 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


186 


Classified dj/es— Continued 
Monoazo dyes— Continued 
Cocliineal red . 


30, 42, 82, 144 


Pounds 


Pounds 
50, 656 


.$23, 659 


$0.47 


189 


Lake red R (100 percent) . 


192 






195 




42, 82, 144 . . 










197 


Chrome yellow RN 


42. 144 










201 


Chrome blue black B 


42, 82, 144 .. ... 










202 


Chrome blue black U 


42, 60, 82, 144 

42, 60, 82, 144 

42, 82, 144, 172 

30, 60,82, 144 

60, 82, 144 


1, 003. 200 

354. 308 

79, 574 

80, 174 

9,288 


1, 178, 662 

429. 850 

98, 340 

109, 348 

24, 921 


333, 387 

164, 574 

36. 365 

65. 142 

16, 055 


.28 


203 


Chrome black T 


.38 


204 


Chrome black A 


.37 


208 


Fast acid blue R ... 


.50 


209 


Fast acid blue B 


.64 


214 


Lake red D (100 percent) 


192 




216 . 


Chrome red B 


30, 42, 60, 82, 144, 

227 
60,82, X. 


83,375 


69, 190 


33, 370 


.48 


219 






225 




60... 










234 . 


Disazo dyes 
Resorcin brown B... 


6, 30, 42, 60, 82, 144, 

226. 
0, 30, 42, 62, 82, 144. 
60 - .. . 


281, 270 
106, 588 


307, 169 
113, 360 


169, 595 
78, 295 


.55 


236 


Resorcin dark brown 


.69 


238 






246 

247 


Acid black lOB 


6, 30, 42, 60, 82, 144, 

226. 
42, 60 


1, 342, 004 


1, 394, 462 


535, 200 


.38 


249 


Cloth red R 


42 










252 . 


Brilliant croceine . ... 


30,42,60,82,144... 
30. 60 


261, 271 


312, 801 


239,017 


.76 


256 


Cloth red 3G 

Sudan IV 

Cloth red 2B 




258 


42, 52, 60, 76, 144 . 










262 

267 


6, 42, 82, 144 

60, X . 


56, 391 


66, 329 


31, 269 


.56 


274 




6,30,42,82 

6, 30, 42, 60, 226^... 


19, 713 








276 


Cloth scarlet O 


4,267 
147, 373 

30, 203 
35. 540 
423, 599 


4.224 
294, 464 

27,871 

25, 381 

248, 587 


.99 


278 

280 


Direct fast red 8BL 

Scarlet EC 


6, 30, 60, 82, 144, 
226, X. 

6,82, 144 

30, 82, 144, X 


137, 671 
16, 204 


2.00 
.92 


288 


Fast cvanine O... 


.71 


289 


Fast cvanine 5R 


30, 60, 82, 144, X.._ 
82 


376, 264 


.59 


290 


Naphthalene acid black 4B 

Acid black B 




294 


144 










299. . 


Chrome black F 

Chrome blue green B 


42, 60,82, 144 




167, 353 


70, 101 


.45 


302 


30, 60 






304 


Fast acid black N2B 


42, 60, 82 










306 


Fast acid black F 


82 










307 


Fast cvanine black B. 


30, 60, 82, 144, X... 
82 . . 


195, 584 


198,917 


128, 401 


.65 


308 






316. 


Developed blue NA 


42, 60, 82, 144 




166, 408 


138, 739 


.84 


317 


Developed bine B _ 

Direct fast heliotrope 2B 

Developed brilliant orange OR 

Diamine brilliant violet JB 

Direct fast scarlet 


42 60, 82, 144 






319 


60. 82 










324 


60. 82, 166 










325 


6, 82 










326 


42, 60, 82, 144, X... 
42 82 


427, 660 


436, 674 


465, 645 


1.07 


327 


Direct fast scarlet 4BS 

Bismarck brown 

Bismarck brown 2R 




331- . 


30, 60, 82, 144 




67, 032 
603, 174 


24. 423 
223, 085 


.36 


332 


30, 42, 60, 82, 144... 
82 


563, 118 


.37 


336 






343 


Chrome fast yellow C_ 

Direct fast vellow 60L 


30 










346 


30, 60, 82 










349... 




X 










363.... 


Direct fast pink 2BL 


30, 60, 82, 144 




21, 827 
166,923 


38, 708 
124,727 


1.77 


364... 


Paper vellow . . 


30, 60, 82, 144 

60, 82, 144 


155, 634 


.75 


365 


Chrvsophenine G 




370 


Congo red 


60, 144 










374 




144 










376 


Congo corinth G 


6, •■^0,42, 60, 82, 144, 

226. 
42, X 


216, 826 


236, 240 


155, 544 


.66 


376 






382 


Direct scarlet B 


6, 30, 42, 82, 144, 

226, X. 
42 


85, 588 


133, 684 


121, 825 


.91 


385 


Direct violet 




387 




42 60, 144 










394 


Direct violet N 


30, 42, 60, 82, 144... 
6 


55, 974 


61, 626 


67, 825 


.94 


396... 








172545-39 4 













20 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, 1938 — Con- 



Colour 


Name of dye 


Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 56) 


Production 


Sales 


Index 

No. 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


401 

405 


Classified dj/€s— Continued 

Disazo dyes— Continued 

Developed black BHN 


6, 30, 42, 60, 82, 144, 

226. 
144 


Pounds 
1, 603, 401 


Pounds 
1, 716, 229 


$664, 204 


$0.35 


406 


Direct blue 2B 


6, 30, 42, 52, 60, 82, 

144, 226. 
60 


863, 420 


837, 437 


178,062 


.21 


409 






410 




60, X - - 










411 




42, 144, 226 










415 




42, 60,82 




54, 815 
314,028 

321,884 


21, 698 
203, 824 

156, 024 


.40 


419 


Direct fast red F 


6, 30, 42, 60, 82, 

144, 226. 
6, 30, 42, 60, 82, 

144, 226. 
30, 42, 226 


301, 159 
263, 780 


.65 


420 ... 


Direct brown M 


.48 


423 






430 ... 


Polar red G 


42, 60, 82, 144, X, 

X. 
60 


32,449 


51, 952 


42, 824 


.82 


431 






436 


Direct brilliant red 8B 


42 










441 


Chrome fast yellow RD 


82 










443 


Mi'lingred 2G 


6, 42, X 










446 


Direct orange RT 


6, 144 - . 










448 




42,60, 144 




540, 337 


270, 117 


.50 


464 


Direct blue R 


60 . . 






468 


Direct mauve B 


144 










471 


Direct blue 3R 


42,144 










472 


Direct blue BX .. 


42,60, 144 


19, 020 
51, 634 


28, 691 
79, 694 


7,646 
22, 442 


.27 


477 


Direct blue 3B 


42,52,60, 144 

6, 42, 144 


.28 


478 


Direct orange G 




487 


Acid milling red B _ 


6, 30, 42, 82, 165, X. 
42,60, 144 


50,551 
21, 324 

104, 480 


41, 491 
30, 786 
104, 422 


34,190 
25, 594 
66, 103 


.82 


495 . 


Benzopurpurine lOB . 


.83 


502 


Direct azurine G ... 


6, 42, 60, 82, 144, 

226. 
60 


.63 


508 


Direct brilliant blue G 




512 


Direct blue RW... 


6, 42, 60, 76, 82, 144. 
144 


140, 127 


117, 714 


89, 162 


.76 


615 


Direct blue B 




618... 


Direct pure blue 6B ... . 


6, 42, 60, 82, 144.... 

30, 42, 60, 82, 144... 
42, 60 


372, 515 
70, 020 


419, 393 
69,800 


323, 961 
34, 413 


.77 


520 .- 


Trisazo dyes 
Direct pure blue 


.49 


533 


Direct fast blue FR 




534 


Naphthogene blue 4R 


82 










539 


Direct fast black FF .. . 


30, 42, 60, 82, 144, 
165. 

82 


278, 896 


299, 147 


143, 922 


.48 


544 


Pluto black 5BS 




552 


Diazo black RS 


60. 144 










561 


Direct brown BT 


6, 60, 82, 144, 165, 

226, X. 
42 


155, 572 


147, 058 


180, 781 


1.23 


667 


Direct fast blue R 




676 . 


Direct fast blue B 


42, 60, 144 










677 .. 


Direct brown T2Q 


30 










681 


Direct black EW 


30, 42, 60, 82, 144, 

226. 
30, 42, 60, 82, 144, 

226. 
6, 30, 42, 60, 82, 

144, 226. 
30, 42, 60, 82, 144, 

226. 
60 


6, 302, 835 
475, 860 
87, 527 
98, 367 


6, 356, 694 
512, 870 
91,656 
94, 122 


1, 622, 921 
143, 651 
32, 622 
31,947 


.26 


682 


Direct black RX 


.28 


683 


Direct green ET 


.36 


689 


Chloramine green B 


.34 


590 .... 


Direct steel blue G 




693 


Direct green B 


6, 30, 42, 60, 82, 

144, 172, 226. 
30,42,60,144,226.. 
82 


445, 590 
74, 106 


488, 877 
74, 876 


174, 990 
29, 508 


.36 


694 


Direct green Q 


.39 


695 


Direct olive O _ 




696 


Direct brown 3G0... 


6,30,42,60,82,144, 

226. 
6, 42, 60, 82, 144.... 
60 


634, 707 
110,716 


659, 152 
125, 296 


217, 783 

58, 576 


.33 


698 


Congo brown G 


.47 


601 


Congo brown R . .. 




606 


Tetrakisazo dyes 
Direct brown O 


30, 82, 226 












Total classified nzo dyes 














26, 364, 686 


27, 913, 876 


12, 437, 757 


.45 




Total azo dyes ' 








36, 123, 810 


37, 542, 706 


23. 118, 630 


.62 











* Includes unclassified dyes of this group. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 21 

Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, 1938 — Con. 



Colour 


Name of dye 


Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 56) 


Production 


Sales 


Index 
No. 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


620 


Classified dj/es— Continued 

STILBENE DYES 

Direct vellow R - 


30, 42, 60,82, 144... 
30,42,60,82, 144... 
30, 60, 82 


Pounds 

295, 802 

66, 905 


Pounds 
277, 635 
108, 189 


$134, 227 
70, 415 


$0.48 


621 




.65 


622 


StUbene yellow 

Diphenyl catechine G.- 




628 


144 










631 




42 










636 


PYRAZOLONE DYES 

Fast li?ht yellow 20 - 


60,82, 144, 165 










639 


Fast light yellow . 


30, 42, 60, 82, 144, 

165, X. 
6, 30, 82, 97, 144, 

165. 
82 


142, 512 
558, 717 


157, 232 
536, 022 


138, 742 
355, 529 


.88 


640 


Tartrazine. . - 


.66 


651 


Pigment fast yellow G .- ._ 




652 


Chrome red B 


30, 42, 60, 82, 144, 

X 
6, 144, 165 


106, 937 


135, 850 


119, 605 


.88 


653 


Pyrazol orange G 




654 




60 










655 


KETONIMINE DYES 


30,60, 144, X 

30, 62, 144 - 


619, 179 


680, 176 


603, 985 


.89 


657 . 


TRIPHENYLMETHANE AND DI- 
PHENYLNAPHTHYLMETHANE DYES 




658 . 


Rhodiiline blue 60 -_ - - 


82, 144 










662. .. 




30, 62 










666 




30, 42, 60, 82, 144... 
30,82, 144 


85, 316 


67,030 


53, 721 


.80 


667 


Fast acid green B... -- 




670 


Acid light green.- 


60,82 










671 . 


Acid glaucine blue -- 


60, 82, 144 . 


413, 821 
11.955 


398, 577 
11, 522 


348, 647 
20, 073 


.87 


676 - . 


Para fuchsine . 


30, 148, X 

30,42, X . 


1.74 


677 


Magenta . . - 




680 




30, 60, 62, 82, 99, 

144. X. 
60,82, 144 


804, 865 


780, 629 


494, 332 


.63 


681 


Crystal violet. 




682 


Ethvl violet •- 


60,82 










689 


SDiritbluft2B 


82 










691 


Fast green bluish 


6 










695 


Acid violet 4BN_._ 


30 










696 


Fast acid violet lOB 


60, X 










698 


Acid violet -- - 


42, 60, 82, 144, X... 
144 


165, 110 


175, 168 


165, 142 


94 


699 


Acid fast violet BG 




703 


Alkali hlue6B 


82 










705 


Methvl blue 


148 










706 


Methvl cotton blue --. 


148 










707 


Soluble blue 


30, 82, X 




53,450 


90,702 


1.70 


712 


Patent blue 


82, 144 






714 


Patent blue A 


82,144 










720... . 




60,82, 144, X 

82, 144, X . . 


58, 267 


67, 222 
9,036 


105, 577 
17, 654 


1.57 


722 


Eriochrome cyanine R 


1.94 


724 


Aurine 


60 - - 






728 


Victoria blue R 


60 










729 


Victoria blue B 


60,82.144 










735 


Naphthalene green V 


60, 144, X. 










737 


Wool green S . .. 


30, 60, 82 


112,851 


142, 009 


70. 170 


.49 




Total tri phenvlmeth ane 
and diphenylnaphthyl- 
methane dyes • 








2, 951, 279 


2, 919, 392 


3,28.5,310 


1.13 




XANTHENE DYES 

Rhodamine B. 


60 .- . 




749 










749 


Rhodamine B cone 


60, X 










752 


Rhodamine 6G cone 


60, X 










758 


Fast acid violet A2R 


X 










766 


Uranine. 


30, 97, 148 


2,764 








768 


Eosine 


30,97, 144, 148 

6, 30, 97, 109, 148- . 

148 


24. 433 
261, 920 


25 580 
252, 658 


40. 079 
301, 212 


1..57 


768 

772 


Tetrabromofluorescein (bromo 

acid). 
Erythrosine 


1.19 



' Includes unclassified dyes of this group. 



22 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, 1938 — Con. 



Colour 


Name of dye 


Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 56) 


Production 


Sales 


Index 
No. 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


773 


Classified dyes— Continued 
XANTHENE DYES— Continued 


30 


Pounds 


Pounds 






774 


Phloxine B 


148 










77/ 




148 










779 




30 










788 


ACRIDINE PYES 


82, 165 










793 


Phosphine 


30, 42, 60, 82, 144, 

165. 
165 


114, 603 


104, 673 


$80, 121 


$6.77 


794 


Phosphine 2G 




797 




82, 165.... 










801 


QUINOLINE DYES 


60, 144, X 










802 




144 












Total quinoline dyes' .. 














131, 171 


138, 564 


239, 638 


1.73 




THIAZOLE DYES 


42, 60, 144, 161 

60 




812 


302, 935 








813 










814 


Direct fast yellow 


42, 60, 82, 144, 161.. 
60 


242, 096 


245, 649 


224, 648 


.91 


815 


Thioflavine T 




816 




161 










833 


AZINE DYES 

Wool fast blue GL 


82, 144, X. 




81, 271 


123, 839 


1.52 


841 




30, 60, 144 






853 




60 










860 


Induline ("spirit-soluble) 


30,82, 144 


40, 881 


37,111 


15. 281 


.41 


861 




30,82, 144 




864 




30,82, 144.. 


602, 473 
999, 052 


637, 707 
1, 030, 477 


203,007 
364, 404 


.32 


865 


Nigrosiine (water-soluble) 

ANILINE BLACK AND ALLIED DYES 


30,82, 144... 


.35 


871 


82 




873 




30, 60, 165 










875 




30,82 










883 


OXAZINE DYES 


30, 227 










■909 

■013 




6, 30, 144 


62, 544 








Nile blue BX 


82 








922 


THIAZINE DYES 

Methylene blue 


30, 60, 62, 144. 

30, 144 


378, 632 


367, 167 


308, 749 


.84 


924 






627 




30 










931 


Brilliant chrome blue. - 


82.. 










969 


SULFIDE DYES 


60.. 


7,640,041 

1, 589, 407 

1,076,770 

377, 961 
366, 705 
101,013 


(») 

m 

8, 478, 761 

1,713,024 

1,297,968 

385, 897 
515,004 
105, 052 


1,416,820 

759, 821 

373, 714 

269, 949 
235, 692 
30, 848 




971 




60 






Sulfur black 


18, 30, 53, 60, 82, 

144, 195. 
18, 30, 42, 60, 82, 

104, 144, 195. 
18,30,42,53,60,82, 

104, 144, 195. 
30, 60, 82, 104, 144-. 

30.60,82, 144 

18, 30, 60, 82, 104, 

144, 195. 


.17 




Sulfur blue _ 


.44 




Sulfur brown ... 


.29 




Sulfur green 


.70 




Sulfur maroon 


.46 




Sulfur olive 


.29 









1 Includes unclassified dyes of this group. 

» Totals not included under sulfide dyes. In the dyes classified by method of application, these two dyes 
are included in the vat dyes. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 23 

Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, 1938 — Con. 





Name of dye 


Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 56) 


Production 


Sales 


Index 

No. 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 




Classified dyes— Continued 

SULFIDE DYES— continued 

Sulfur orange 


42, 60, 82, 144 

18, 30, 42, 53, 60, 82, 

104. 
18, 30, 60, 82, 104, 

144, 195. 


Pounds 

15, 829 

107,984 

184, 217 


Pounds 
25, 104 
143, 458 

191, 182 


$9, 865 
39, 875 

79,037 


$0.39 




Sulfur tan . .. 


.28 






.41 




Total sulfide dyes ... 






11, 459. 927 


12, 865, 450 


3, 215, 621 


.25 




ANTHRAQUINONE DYES 

Alizarin 


30,82,144 




1027 










1034 


Alizarin red S . 


6, 30, 144 - 


21, 301 


30, 125 


50, 727 


1.68 


1035 


Alizarin brown . 


6,144,227 




1040 


Alizarin SX 


144 










1043 




82 










1053 


Acid alizarin blue SE 


60,82. X 




22, 882 
447, 568 


46, 784 
719, 845 


2.04 


1054 


Acid alizarin blue B 


14, 60, 82, 144, 227, 

X, X. 
14, X 


393, 387 


1.61 


1060 


Anthracene blue SWGG 




1062 




82, 144, X 










1063 


Anthracene blue WRS 


14 










1073 . 


Alizarin irisol R 


14, 60 










1075 


Alizarin astrol B 


60, 82 










1076 


Cvananthrol R 


60 










1078 


Alizarin cyanine green E 


6,14,30,60,82,144, 

227, X. 
14, 60 . 


187, 918 


195, 717 


366, 179 


1.87 


1080 


Acid anthraquinone violet B_ 

Anthraquinone blue black B 

Acid anthraquinone blue B 

Acid alizarin rubine 




1085-. . 
1088 


6, 60, 82, 144, 227, X 
60, 82, 144 


91, 731 


113, 621 
45, 554 


168. 755 
143, 754 


1.49 
3.16 


1091 


82... 








Total anthraquinone dye.s ■. 

ANTHRAQUINONE VAT DYES 
(SINGLE STRENGTH) 

Anthraquinone vat yellow GC 

(121,-2 percent). 
Anthraquinone vat golden orange 

O (121/2 percent). 
Anthraquinone vat golden orange 

(R '12K' percent.) 
Anthraquinone vat scarlet GS 

(16?fi percent). 
Anthraquinone vat dark blue BO 

(25 percent). 
Anthraquinone vat jade green (6 

percent). 
Anthraquinone vat green B and 

black B (121^ percent). 
Anthraquinone vat violet R (25 

percent). 
Anthraquinone vat violet RR 

(121/^ percent). 
Anthraquinone vat violet B (25 

percent). 
Authraquinone vat blue RS (10 

percent). 
Anthraquinone vat blue 3G (10 

percent). 
Anthriiquinone vat blue GCD 

(8':', iierrcnt). 
Anthraquinone vat blue BCS (20 

percent). 
Anthraquinone vat yellow G (12J-^ 

percent). 
Anthraquinone vat brown B (22 

percentl. 
Anthraquinone vat pink R (12}^^ 

percent). 
Anthraquinone vat yellow R (121^ 

percent). 
Anthraquinone vat red FF, extra 

(121-^ percent). 














1, 369. 669 


1.579,068 


2, 645. 158 


1.68 




30, 60, 82 




1095 . 


599, 879 
131, 320 


570, 551 
162, 403 


546,998 
219, 293 


.96 


1096.... 
1097... . 


30, 60, 82, 144 

30,60, 144... 


1.35 


1098 


82, 144 










1099.... 
1101... . 


6, 30, 60, 82, 144, 

161. 
60._. 


128,998 


158, 363 


184, 481 


1.16 


1102 


30, 60, 82, 144, 161. 










1103.... 


82. 










1104 ... 


6, 60, 82, 144 




145, 039 


228, 272 


1.57 


1105.... 


82 






1106 


60, 82 










1109... . 


60 










1113.-.. 


60,82, 144... 


656, 552 


725, 385 


399,041 


.55 


1114 


60,82, 144 




1118 


60, 82, 144 










1120.... 


60 










1128... . 


82 










1132.... 


6,60 










1133.... 


60 























Includes unclassified dyes of this group. 



24 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, 19S8 — Con. 



Name of dye 



Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 56) 



Production 



Quantity Value 



Unit 
value 



Classified dj/es— Continued 

ANTHRAQUINONE VAT DYES— COn. 

Anthraquinone vat brilliant violet 

2B (12J^ percent). 
Anthraquinone vat brilliant violet 

R (12^ percent). 
Anthraquinone vat olive R (12J^ 

percent) . 
Anthraquinone vat brown R (12J4 

percent) . 
Anthraquinone vat brown G (12}^ 

percent). 
Anthraquinone vat red violet 

RRN (12J^ percent). 
Anthraquinone vat red BN, extra 

(121^ percent). 
Anthraquinone vat violet BN (25 

percent) . 
Anthraquinone vat orange R (12H 

percent) . 
Anthraquinone vat yellow R (12}^ 

percent) . 
Anthraquinone vat blue green B 

(12J^ percent). 

INDIGOID AND THIOINDIGOID DYES 



Indigo, synthetic (20 percent) 

Indigo white (20 percent) 

Indigo extract 

Tribromindigo RB (20 percent)... 
Bromindigo blue 2BD (16 percent) 
Brilliant indigo 4G (20 percent) ... 

Vat red B (I214 percent) 

Vat red 3B (20 percent) 

Vat orange R (10 percent) 

Vat fast scarlet G (20 percent) 

Vat red R (10 percent) 



FOOD DYES 



Yellow AB 

Yellow OB 

Ponceau 3R 

Orange I- 

Amaranth 

Tartrazine 

Guinea green B 

Light green SF (yellowish). 

Ery throsine 

Indigo disulfonic acid 

Brilliant blue FCF 

Fast green FCF 

Ponceau SX 

Sunset yellow FCF 



Total food dyes. 



Pounds 



60 

60 

60, 82, 144. 
60, 82, 144. 

60, 144 

60, 82 

60, 144 

60. 

60. 

60 

144 



Pounds 



58,60, 144 

144 

60, 144 

58, 144 

58,82, 144 

60 

©2 

58,' "60782,' 144]''!; 
30, 60, 82, 144, X. 

58 

58 



11,000,829 



11,738,149 



$1,849,621 



85, 514 
342, 014 



109, 960 
352, 446 



63, 144 

63, 144 

21, 119, 144 

21,119,144,200,220. 
21,119,144,200,220- 
21,119,144,200,220. 

21, 144,220 

21, 144, 220 

21, 119, 144, 200 

119,200 

21, 144,220 

220 

144,220 

21, 119, 144, 200, 220. 



82, 992 
100, 934 
89, 598 



74, 461 
96, 781 
87, 521 



9,468 



41, 969 



42,853 



415, 659 



399, 227 



Unclassified dyes 



Acetate silk dyes, total 

Amacel blue GG, GR 

Black, BDN, DY, J, III, IV, 

IV dbl. 
Blue B, 2B, G, R, 5RB, III, 

IV, XIII. 

Bordeaux 

Brilliant blue, B, 2G, R 

Brilliant orange 

Brilliant red 

Brilliant vellow 

Brown BK, Y 

Cellitazol AZ, BG, BNS, BZ, 

NAZ, NBZ, NS, NSJ, NZD, 
Developed black, AD, AS, B, 

BAM, BBN, BG, GD, 

GFS, GN, NS, JN, SJ. 



2, 072, 375 



2, 029, 625 



6, 30, 60, 226. 
6, 60, 82, X.. 



30 

30, 60, 167, 227- 



14, 983 



73, 295 



64, 482 



167- 



30,60,76,X,X 511,689 



497, 688 



$0.16 



121, 935 
366, 580 



1.11 
1.04 



162, 584 
234, 692 
218, 383 



2.18 
2.42 
2.50 



109, 621 



14.65 



101,971 



2.38 



1, 173, 859 



2.94 



2,001,844 



0.99 



103, 247 



1.60 



302, 326 



.61 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 25 

Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, 1938 — Con. 



Name of dye 



Manufacturers' 

identifieation 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 56) 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



Unclassified dj/es— Continued 

Acetate silk dyes — Continued. 
Developed navy RD, SOL-._ 

Direct blue S 

Direct fast violet 6B A 

Direct orange R 

Direct red 3B 

Direct sapphire blue G 

Direct sky blue GA 

Direct yellow GA, GOL... 

Fast blue AF, B, FFR 

Fast brown 3R, 5R 

Fast light yellow D 

Fast navy blue B, BR, 3BFU. 

Fast pink B 

Fast red GG 

Fast red violet RN 

Fast rubine B 

Fast violet B, 6B, RL 

Fast yellow O, GL, GR, RR. 

Golden orange I, III 

Golden vellow F, FSI, VIII, 

IX, xi, XII, XIII. 

Green BS 

Green blue II 

Heliotrope I . 

Light orange FSI 

Navy blue B, BN cone, BP 

cone, BX, R. 
Orange, AR, GF cone, GFN, 
GR, JER, R, SRC, I, II, 
III, ex. dbl. 

Pink II 

Pure blue BR, BR cone 

Pure vellow I, II 

Purple D 

Red BY, 2BC, 3 B, FSI, GG, 
R, RP, Y dbl., I, III, V, 
VI-X, VII, VIII. 

Red violet R dbl 

Rubine B, IX 

Scarlet, B, BN, III 

Sky blue B dbl., G 

Violet CB, RR, II_ 

Violet blue FSI 

Yellow C, G, GO, 2G, 5G, 
GX. 

Other - -- 

Acid alizarin green B 

Acid anthracene brown PG 

Acid anthracene yellow GR ex... 
Acid anthraquinone blue BGA, 

3G, SBS, SWB, WSA. 
Acid black AR, BR supra, 8B, 
8BN, GRF, GRF cone, 3G, J, 
RB, TL, WA. 640, 773. 

Acid blue, 2G_- 

Acid blue black BC -.. 

Acid Bordeaux R 

Acid brilhant blue 3B, RR _ 

Acid brilhant green lOG. .-. 

Acid brilliant red BBA, 4BL, 5B, 
G. 

Acid brown FN, MF, N, R 

Acid cerise 

Acid chromal brown AEB 

Acid chrome blue 2R, 2RA 

Acid fast black BBN, WAN 

Acid fast blue, B, O, IB, NB 

Acid fast brown CGS -.. 

Acid fast light red BL cone 

Acid fast orange LW 

Acid fast red BL, 4BL, CY 

Acid fast yellow JY, RS.._ 

Acid flavine 

Acid garnet GR cone -.- 



Pounds 



6,60. 
30-. - 
X... 



Pounds 



X 

X 

X 

X 

X 

82 

82 

60 

82 

82 

82 

82 

82 

82, 227. 
60,82.. 

6 

6,30... 



60 

6 

6 

6 

6, 30, 60. 



6, 30, 60, 76, 82, 
226, X. 



6, 30, 60, 76. 



53, 498 



60.. 

6,60,76 

6, 30, 60, 76, 82. 

30,60 

6,60 

6 

6, 30, 60, 76, 82. 



29, 759 



65.. 
227. 
82_. 
X.. 
60.- 



6, 30, 52, 60, 82, 144, 
X. 



79, 365 



165, X 

60 

X 

6,60 

60 

6, 60, 144, X. 



30, 165.... 

30. 

42 

42, 82 

60,82 

60, 144.... 

60.. 

X 

6 

30, 60, X. 

6, 30 

172 

172 



49, 191 



24,099 



29, 562 



88, 454 



$44, 139 



$0.90 



27, 772 



35, 248 



55, 266 



.62 



26 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, 1938 — Con. 



Name of dye 



Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 56) 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



Unclassified dj/es— Continued 



Acid golden yellow R cone 

Acid green OR, S 

Acid Dght red 4BL 

Acid light rubine BL 

Acid milling brown R supra 

Acid milling orange 4R 

Acid milling yellow 2GX, R 

Acid naphthol blue black 

Acid navy blue, B, B cone, M4B. 

Acid neutral orange SOS 

Acid neutral red 3G ex. cone 

Acid neutral yellow GNS 

Acid olive Q 

Acid orange OS, R, 2R, 4R, YF.. 

Acid red, 3B, OA 

Acid sapphire G 

Acid scarlet G, Y 

Acid spirit black 

Acid spirit orange R 

Acid spirit yellow 2R 

Acid violet B, BS, RNL, RL, 2R, 
2RX. 

Acid wool blue BL 

Acid yellow, G, 2G, 5G, R, conc. 

Alizarin blue GS 

Alizarin direct blue AR, A2G.- 

Alizarin fast blue RB 

Alizarin L 

Alizarin supra blue A, CA 

Alizarin yellow R.. 

Alkali fast green lOG 

Anthracene blue SWN 

Anthracene chrome brown RL. 

Anthraquinone vat black J, R 

Anthraquinone vat blue CLX, 

RCX, GCL. 
Anthraquinone vat blue green 

FFB, Y. 
Anthraquinone vat Bordeaux 

GRR. 
Anthraquinone vat brilliant green 

BN. 
Anthraquinone vat brilliant or- 
ange GR, RK. 
Anthraquinone vat brilliant red B. 
Anthraquinone vat brilliant scar- 
let BGN. 
Anthraquinone vat brilliant yel- 
low 4G. 
Anthraquinone vat brown BR, 

RR, VR. 
Anthraquinone vat dark brown R. 
Anthraquinone vat deep black 

BD. 
Anthraquinone vat direct black 

3G. 
Anthraquinone vat flavine GO... 
Anthraquinone vat golden orange 

3G. 
Anthraquinone vat golden yellow 
GK, GO. 

Anthraquinone vat gray QD 

Anthraquinone vat green IBW... 

Anthraquinone vat khaki, GO 

Anthraquinone vat navy blue, 
BN, BR, G, 30. 

Anthraquinone vat olive O 

Anthraquinone vat olive green B 

Anthraquinone vat pink B 

Anthra'iuinoiie vat printing black 

\i suijrafix, 'I'L suprafix. 
Anthraquinone vat printing green 
BCJ suprafix. 

Anthraquinone vat red G2B 

Anthraquinone vat violet FFBN. 
Anthrafiuinone vat yellow 8Q 



Pounds 



Pounds 



165 

165, 172 

60 

82 

6 

30 

30, 165 

42 

6,30,60,226---- 

6 

6 

6-- 

30 

30, 165, X 

42, 165 

X 

165 

30 

30 

30 

30, 42, 165, 172, 226. 



10, 628 



27,380 



24, 961 



60 

30, 42, 165- 

144 

82 

144 

6 

82 

6 

82 

144 

227 

30, 144 

60 



21, 273 



23,008 



$6, 539 



$0.62 



16, 411 



.66 



22, 158 



.96 



60, 82. 



82- 



82. 



60- 



60, 82- 



60- 



144- 
82-. 



82. 



30. 

82 

60,"82',T4'4'"- 
6, 30, 60, 82- 



145, 918 
114, 371 



144, 745 
139, 072 



151,669 
132,351 



1.05 
.95 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEjNIICALS 27 

Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States 'production and sales, by types, 1938 — Con. 







Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 56) 


Production 


Sales 




Name of dye 


1 
Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 




Unclassified dye^— Continued 

Anthraquinone vat scarlet 3B 

Artificial silk black, G, R, RR 

Azoanthrene dyes; 

Black N 


82 , 


Pounds 


Pounds 








42, 82, 226 












X... 












Blue BR, G, L, S 


X 














X 














X 












Golden orange R - - 


X 












Navy CW 


X 












RedTB 


X 












Rubine B, S 


X 












Scarlet G, Y 


X 












Violet B 


X 












Yellow R, S 


X 












Azo Bordeaux 2BL - 


165 _ 












Azo brown N .. 


165 












Azo eosine2B_._ 

Azo fast blue 2R - 


60 












144 












Azo fast orange G .. .__ 


82 












Azo fast violet - 


144 












Azo fast yellow GR 


82 














144 












Azo orange GN, GXA, RS 

Azored7BL,F 


165 












30,165 












Azo scarlet G, RP, 3RP 


165 












Azoic dyes and their components, 
total. 














2, 687, 725 


2, 591, 306 


$4, 151, 107 


$1.60 




Dyes: 

Rapid fast: 

Orange G, RH 

Red GZH, RH 

Scarlet ILH 


60,82,X 
















60,82 












60 






i 




Rapidogene: 

Black DM, MG 

Black brown IT 

Blue, BN, D, GN, 

QNN,N,R. 

Bordeaux, BN 

Brown, ON, IB, IPT. 

Dark brown AR 

G, double 

Golden yellow MRS, 

R. 

Orange Q, R.. .- 

Red, BB, Q, GB, 

GS, M2B, R. 

Scarlet, R, RS 

Yellow, G, GG, OS-.. 
Components: 

Fast color salts: 

Black B 


60,82 












82 












60,82, 165 












82,165 












82,165 _. 












60 












82 












60,82 












60,82 _ 












60,82,166 












60,82,165 












60,82,165 












82,144 












BlueB, BB, BN 

Bordeaux GP 


6,82,144,165 












6,82,144 












Orange GC 


82,144,165 












Red AL B, G, GL, 
3G, 30L, KB, RC, 
TR. 

Scarlet GO, R 

Variamine blue BD... 
Naphthols: 

Naphthol AS 


6,82,144 












6,82,144,165 












82 












6,30,82,144 












Naphthol AS, B0.._. 
Naphthol AS, BR._.. 

Naphthol AS, BS 

Naphthol AS, D 

Naphthol AS, OL 

Naphthol AS, OP 

Naphthol AS, PH.,.- 
Naphthol AS, RL.... 

Naphthol AS, SB 

Naphthol AS, SW... 
Other 


6,82 












6,82 












6,60,82,144 












6,82,144,165 












82,165 












165 _. 












82 












6,82 












82 












6,82,144 












6 












Brilliant benzo violet B 


60. . . 












Brilliant milling blue B 


82 











172545- 



28 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, 1038 — Con. 



Name of dye 



Unclassified dyes — Continued 



Brilliant milling yellow 5G 

Brilliant wool blue BN, FFR, G 

ex. 

Chromate blue black B 

Chromate brilliant brown RL 

Chromate brown, EB, EBS conc_ 

Chromate red 2Q 

Chrome black 30, NSE, PV, 

P2B, SW. 

Chrome blue ATX, ECR 

Chrome brilliant orange 2R_- 

Chrome brown B, BC, EB, EBL, 

G, O, PG, RH cone, 4RC. 

Chrome garnet R 

Chrome green B, CB, G 

Chrome orange 3R 

Chrome yellow, 2G, 3G, SW _ 

Ciba black 

Cloth red 2R 

Cotton black 3G 

Croceine scarlet FP cone. 

Developed black G, OB, OT, 

ZV cone. 
Developed blue B, BR, BR extra, 

BR cone, BRG extra, SQL, 6G. 
Developed Bordeaux 2BL, 7B, 

7B cone, RB. 

Developed brilliant green 3G 

Developed brilliant orange G, 

GG, GN. 
Developed brilliant scarlet 2BL, 

2BL ex. cone, 5BL, RO. 
Developed brown 60, NR, R, 

3RB. 

Developed dark brown B 

Developed fast blue B 

Developed fast Bordeaux BBL_.. 

Developed fast brown RK 

Developed fast red 7BL 

Developed fast violet BL 

Developed fast yellow 2Q 

Developed garnet RD 

Developed green BL, 2GL, G W_ _ 

Developed indigo blue 4GL 

Developed orange, GR, R, RR, 

RFW, WD. 

Developed red BFW, 7BL 

Developed rubine B 

Developed scarlet A, 2BL, FW 

GFW, R. 

Developed sky blue B, 3GL 

Developed violet BRD, RR 

Developed yellow 4G 

Diamond green SS 

Diazophen red 

Diazophen yellow 

Direct black 30, 3QR, 5G, NCW 
Direct blue BB, FF, 3G, NR, 

26N, R. 

Direct blue green B, CW 

Direct Bordeaux B, 6B 

Direct brilliant blue BFL 

Direct brilliant cerise 

Direct brilliant milling blue B 

Direct brilliant milling green B 

cone. 
Direct brilliant red 12B, 12B conc- 

Dircct brilliant violet 4B, R 

Direct brown OSW, CWR, FW, 

GB, a2R, GSR, K, R, RB, 
RY,S. 
Direct catechine, FF, G cone, 
OB, 30. 

Direct chrome black blue B 

D irect chrome blue black B 

Direct chrome brown BS. 



Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 56) 



Production 



82, 144. 
42 



30, 60, 226, 227, X-.. 
227 



60, 144, X. 
60 



6 

6,30,42,60,82,144- 

X 

42,144 

144 



30,60,144- 



144, 
30-. 



144 

6,42,60,82,144- 

6,42,60, 144, X - 

6,60,82,144.--. 

82 

82 



60,82,X. 
60,82-_.. 



X 

42 

82 

60 

60 

60 

82, 144. 



60 

60,82-. 
60, 144. 

60, 144- 
82, X.- 
60, 144- 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Pounds 



Pounds 



107, 970 



23,506 



220, 808 



154, 407 



82 

6,60 

60 

82 

30 

30 

42,82,144,226- 
6,60,144,167.- 



6,144.--- 
6,82,144. 

144 

30 

60 

60 



30, 144. 
6- 



6, 30, 42, 52, 144, 
226, X. 



6,60,144. 



X ... 

82, 144- 
30 



135, 849 



98,030 



27, 334 



196,567 



145, 672 



$77, 169 



14, 983 



128, 167 



195, 347 



Unit 
value 



$0. 79 



.65 



1.34 



141, 942 



53, 050 



146,421 113,361 



61,882 



40, 834 



.77 



.66 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 29 

Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, 1938 — Con. 





Name of dye 


Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 56) 


Production 


Sales 




Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 




Unclassified dj/es— Continued 

Direct chrome navy blue B 

Direct copper blue RR, RR extra. 
Direct dark blue SR 

Direct fast black B, FOR, FTC, 

Q, L, L cone, PG extra, VE. 
Direct fast blue FF, 2GL, 4GL, 

8GL, LBRR, LG, R, RL, SRL. 
Direct fast brown BRL, 4GL, 

LBR, LG, L3R, R, 4R, 2RL, 

4RL, 3YL. 
Direct fast gray BL, GL, 2GL, R_ 
Direct fast light blue FF 


6 


Pounds 


Pounds 








60,82 












X 












6, 42, 60, 82, 144, 

226, X. 
42,60,82, 144, X_... 

60,82, 144, X 

60,82,144 


423,727 
195, 839 
84,693 


445, 196 
207, 655 
109,454 

16, 114 


$266, 163 
257, 290 
162, 632 

29,990 


$0.60 
1.24 
L49 

1.86 




42- 








Direct fast olive brown RL 

Direct fast orange EG, ER, E3G, 
G, 2GL, 20 cone, 4Q cone, 
L5G, L7G, L3R, RE, S. 
Direct fast red 5BL, 8BLN, 
8BLSW. 


6 












30, 60, 82, 104, 144, 
X. 

6, 42, 144, X 






















144 












Direct fast violet BBO, F 

Direct fast yellow 4GL, 5GL, LR, 

L5G, RL. 

Direct gray BBC, Z 

Direct green 2Y 

Direct green black 

D irect light yellow RL._ 

Direct navy blue BF, BW, DB, 

R, RY. 


30 82 












42,60,82,144 




89, 898 


154,047 


1.71 




X 








60 












42 












42 












30, 60, 144, 226 












82, X . . 














6 














60 












Direct silk blue NR 


82 












144 












niror^t irinlot RR 9R 


30 144 












42 










Discharge brown RB 

Fast acid black BR 


60 










82 










Fast oniH hliio R 'WV 


82 144 














82 












144 












Fast acid light red B 

Fast acid orange RW 

Fast acid red 3B, GG... 

Fast acid violet ERR extra 

Fast acid yellow R 

Fast black FOR, V 

Fast blue 30L 


42 












42 










82 












60 












82 












60 












60 












Fast crimson R 

Fast light red B, 4B 

Fast light violet 


144 












82 












227 












60. 












Fast turc4Uoise 8GL 

Fast wool red BL, GL 


60 












144 












Fast wool violet B 

Fast wool yellow GS 


144 












144 












60 














60 












Fluorol5G 

Formal fast black G 

Formanol black RW 


82 












42 












X 














30 














30 












30 












30 . --- 












60, 82 












Helio red RMT 


82 












Heliogen blue B, Q 


82 












161 














161 












Indigo vat black O 

Indigo vat blue BR 

Indigo vat brown, O 


144 












58 












30, 60, 144, X 




i62, 148 
295, 970 


193, 199 
325,008 


1.19 




Indigo vat pink FB, FF. 


30,60, 144, X 

82, 144 


287,183 


LIO 




Indigo vat scarlet 20N 






Indocyanine B 


82 












Jet black APX 


60 











30 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, 19S8 — Con. 



Name of dye 



Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 56) 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



Unclassified dj/es— Continued 



Lake blue G, 6G 

Lake fast blue BL cone 

Lake fast orange Q, R 

Lake fast yellow lOG 

Lake pink RL 

Lake red 2B 

Lake scarlet 2\ L 

Lake yellow Q 

Leather brown RR 

Metalized azo gray G 

Methyl violet 5B crystals 

Milling fast garnet R 

Milling fast red FF 

Milling fast yellow 5GL, cone 

Milling navy blue 4B 

Mining orange R 

Milling red B cone, R 

Milling yellow GN, 2GC W, 3G, O 

cone, XN 

Monastrol fast blue BS, GS 

Monastrol fast green GS 

Mordant green SN 

Mordant yellow OD 

Naphthylamine black V 

Neutral brown, RD, RX, 2RS._._ 

Neutral yellow RX 

Nigrosine base B, N, R, 2R 

Oil blue 

Oil bronze 

Oil brown D, M, Y, #7&, #102 

Oil fast black 

Oil fast blue B, R 

Oil fast orange A cone 

Oil fast red M, Y 

Oil fast yellow EG, 3G 

Oil green 

Oil orange, O, 2R, #30, #67 

Oil pink B 

Oil red, EG, EGN, G, O, OB, RO, 

#322... 

Oil violet 

Oil yellow, N, PHW 

Orange Y 

Paper red AP 

Patent blue B cone 

Phosphine R 

Pigment rubine O, 3G 

Plutoform black A 

Printers brown 

Printers orange G 

Pyrazolone blue 4GL 

Quinoline yellow KT 

Rayon colors: 

Black B__. 

Bordeaux B 

Brown G, M 

Navy blue N 

Violet 3B 

Resin brilliant orange RR 

Resin brilliant red R 

Resin brown Z 

Resorcin brown YX 

Rosanthrene A, R 

Rosanthrene orange 

Rubber colors 

Safranine 8B 

Silk black 4BF, G 

Silk blue lOO 

Silk brown G, R 

Silk fast blue 3G 

Silk red 2B, 4B, lOB 

Stilbcne brown 3(}LX 

Stilbene orange EG 

Sudan corinth B 

Sudan orange FL, RT 

Sudan rod 4B- 

Sulfon orange G 



Pounds 



Pounds 



60_ 



60.. 
60-- 
144- 
60-- 
60-- 
60.. 



30 

144 

X 

X 

X 

144 

60, 144. 
144 



60, 144 

60 

60 

30 

82 

60 

30, 60, 144, 165, X. 

X 

144 

227 

60 

76, 144 

144 

6, 144 

144 

144 

60, 144 

227 

30,52,76, 144 

144 



22, 404 



17. 466 



9,891 



6, 30, 52, 76, 144, 224 

227 

30,60,224, 227 

52 

82 

144 

82 

82..-- 

82 

6..-. 

6 

165 

X - 



60.. 
60-. 
60.. 
60.. 
60.. 
144. 
144. 
144. 
52.. 
60-. 
60.. 
60.. 
144. 
42.- 
60-. 
X.. 



42, X- 

30.... 
30.... 
82.... 
82.... 
82.... 
82.... 



27, 275 



31,441 



24,670 



100, 089 



98,100 



,186 



1.71 



.78 



.97 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 31 

Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, 19S8 — Con. 





Name of dye 


Manufacturers' 

identification 

nimibers (according 

to list on p. 56) 


Production 


Sales 




Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 




Unclassified dj/es— Coatinued 
Sulfon yellow R 


82 


Pounds 


Pounds 








Supranolred PB 


82 












Wool blue CG, CGG 


144 












Wool navy blue B _ 

Zambesi black BG, D, PC, V 

Another 

Total unclassified dyes 


144 












42,82, 144 












60, X, X 
























13, 774, 162 
67, 984, 686 


14, 131, 392 
73, 671, 442 


$17, 001, 646 
36,093,917 


$1.20 
49 




Total classified dyes 






Total dyes: 

Those for which individ- 
ual statistics are shown- 

Those for which individ- 
ual statistics cannot be 
shown _ 








55, 841, 538 
25, 917, 310 


61, 260, 715 
26, 542, 119 


26, 803, 024 
26, 292, 539 


44 






99 




Grand total 








81, 758, 848 


87, 802, 834 


53, 095, 563 


60 











COLOR LAKES AND TONERS 

Color lakes and toners were manufactured in 1938 by 50 com- 
panies, who reported an output of 14,407,000 pounds, and sales of 
12,658,000 pounds, valued at $9,403,000. In 1937 the same number 
of firms reported production of 18,041,000 pounds, and sales of 
15,263,000 pounds, valued at $11,812,000. 

Toners or full strength colors, the most important class of the 
group, comprised 67 percent of total sales value. Lakes and extended 
colors, next in importance, were 29 percent of sales value, and the 
small remainder consisted of reduced toners. 

Statistics of production and sales of color lakes and toners in 1938 
are shown in table 10. 

Table 10. — Color lakes and toners: United States production and sales, 1938 

[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on 
p. 56. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification 
number with the designated product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that the 
statistics of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information with regard to individual 
firms. The figures thus concealed are, however, included in the total] 





Manufacturers' identification 
numbers (according to list on p. 56) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of product 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


LAKES AND EXTENDED 
COLORS 

Alizarin,- 

A zo Bordeaux 


60, 97, 110, 116, 119, 122, 133, 169, 

192, 210, 211, 227, X, X, X, X, 

XXX 
2, 25, 60, 99, 122, 138, 169. 210, 211, 

X, X, X. 
49, 71, 92, 119, 133, 210, 211, 227, X, 

X X 
25, 49, 60, 71, 92, 110, 114, 116, 133, 

202, 210, 211, 224, X, X, X, X, X, 

X, X. X, X, X, X, X. 
49, 74. 133, 210, 211, 22T, X, X . 
25, 32, 71, 74, 92, 109, 119, 122, 

133, 1B2. 202, 211, X, X, X, X, 

X, X, X, X. 


Pminds 
132, 105 

236, 247 
113,910 
392, 304 

50, 340 
120, 456 


Pmtnds 
97,064 

240, 170 
100, 123 
232, 948 

(') 
121,859 


$112, 588 

70, 367 
42, 594 
127, 528 

(>) 
93, 206 


$1. 16 

.29 
.43 
.55 


Black .. 


Blue - 


Brown 


Eosine and phloxine 


"'".'76 



Included in all other. 



32 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 10.— Color lakes and toners: United States production and sales, 1938 — Con. 



Name of product 



LAKE? AND EXTENDED 

COLORS — con. 



Fast light yellow - 
Oreen. 



Helio fast rubine 

Lithol rubine and maroon. 

Methyl violet 



Napthol yellow. 
Orange 



Peacock blue. 



Persian orange. 



Phosphomolybdicacid 
lakes, total — 
Blue 



Brown 

Green 

Purple 

Red 

All other 

Phosphotungstic acid lakes: 
Blue 



Green-. 
Purple. 
Red-.. 



Another 

Pigment scarlet. . 

Quinoline yellow . 
Red 



Scarlet 2R. 



Tartrazine. 



Violet.. 
Yellow. 



All other. 



Total lakes and ex- 
tended colors 



TONEHS OR FULL 
STRENGTH COLORS 



Alkali blue 

Eosine and phloxine. 



Hansa yellow. 
Lake Red C. 



Lake Red D. 
Lithol- 



Manufacturers' identification 
numbers (according to list on p. 56) 



74, 97, 99, 119, 133, 202, 211, X, X, 

X X X X 
25, 60, 71, 74, 92, 110, 114, 116, 119, 

133, 202, 210, 211, X, X, X, X, 

X X X X X X X 
25, 49, 60, 99, l'l4, 116,' 119, 202, 210, 

X X X X X X 
25, 32, 49, 60, 71," 74, 92, 99, 114, 119, 

192, 202, 210, 211, 224, X, X, X, 

X X X X X 
25, 49, 60, 62, '74,' 92, 99, 119, 122, 

133, 192, 202, 210, 227, X, X, X, 

X, X, X, x,x. 

71, 74, 119, 211, 227, X, X, X 

25, 32, 49, 60, 74, 92, 99, 110, 116, 133, 

210, 211, 224, X, X, X, X, X, X, 

X, X. 
25, 32, 60, 71, 74, 97, 99, 119, 122, 

133, 192, 202, 210, 211, 227, X, X, 

X, X, X, X, X, X, X. 
32, 60, 71, 74, 97, 109, 119, 122, 133, 

192, 202, 210, 211, X, X, X, X, X, 

X, X, X, x,x. 



32, 74, 99, 114, 119, 202, 210, X, X, 

X, X. 
116. 



60, 116, X,X 

49, 99, 119, 210, X. 
X, X, X 

32._-. 



25, 30, 49, 60, 74, 92, 99, 110, 116, 133, 

192, 202, 210, 211, 227, X, X. 
25, 30, 49, 60, 74, 92, 99, 110, 133, 210, 

211,227, X, X,X, X. 
25, 49, 92, 99, 192, 202, 210, 211, 227, 

X X X X 
32, 49, 60, 74, 92, 99, 110, 116, 133, 

192, 227, X, X, X, X, X. 

25,49, 133 

25, 60, 74, 97, 99, 110, 119, 133, 169, 

210, 211, 227, X, X, X, X, X, X. 

97, 109, 119, 192, 202, X, X, X 

25, 32, 49, 60, 71, 74, 92, 99, 114, 116, 

119, 133, 192, 202, 211, 224, X, X, 

X,X, X, X,X, X, X, X, X. 
2, 25, 32, 60, 92, 114, 119, 122, 169, 

192, 210, 211, X, X, X, X, X, X, 

X. 
32, 74, 97, 99, 109, 119, 133, 192, 202, 

211, X, X, X, X, X, X, X. 

60, 74, 92, 99, 116, 224, X 

49, 60, 116, 133, 211, X, X, X, X, 

X X 
49, 227, X, X 



30, 119, 202, X, X 

71, 74, 92, 97, 119, 122, 192, 202, 211, 

227, X, X, X. 
32, 60, 97, 99, 109, 227, X, X, X, X, 

X, X. 
30, 32, 49, 60, 71, 74, 97, 99, 109, 119, 

133, 192, 202, 210, 211, 227, X, X, 

X, X, X, X. 

32, 192,210,227, X, X 

32, 49, 60, 71, 74, 97, 99, 109, 114. 119, 

192, 210, 211, 224, 227, X, X, X, 

X, X, X. 



Produc- 
tion 



Pounds 
$203, 340 

233, 718 



44,849 
809, 365 

203, 388 



41, 845 
208, 633 



1, 207, 592 
471, 404 

92,004 



280, 322 

115, 521 

20, 847 

143, 022 

(') 
389, 946 

21, 648 
312,096 

763, 814 

195, 141 

15, 709 
171, 023 

50, 083 



7, 046, 732 



620, 277 
220, 326 

184, 949 

321, 506 



17, 490 
2,031,975 



Sales 



Quantity 



Pounds 
39, 729 

175, 325 



27, 645 
810, 185 

187, 113 



39, 781 
148, 041 



1, 024, 960 
341, 116 

81, 499 



259, 895 

116, 028 

21, 274 

110, 909 

(') 
227, 341 

19, 917 
294, 847 

687, 918 

200, 032 

14, 993 
154, 943 

44, 126 



5, 819, 781 



495, 746 
149, 330 

151,131 

287, 351 



6,065 
2, 078, 089 



Value 



$28, 858 
87, 701 

41, 219 

180, 278 

84, 366 



29, 157 
40, 000 



584, 844 
137, 500 

71, 754 



211, 080 

64, 362 

13, 921 

62,042 

(1) 
120, 992 

17, 350 
146, 888 

186, 017 

114,295 

9,791 
42, 319 

30, 458 



2, 751, 475 



580, 878 
235, 516 

201, 871 

296, 928 



6,183 
1, 322, 482 



' Included in all otheri 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 33 

Table 10. — Color lakes and toners: United States production and sales, 1938 — Con. 





Manufacturers' identification 
numbers (according to list on p. 56) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of product 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


TONERS OR FULL STRENGTH 

COLORS— continued 
liithol rubine . - 


25, 49, 60, 71, 74, 97, 99, 114, 119, 122, 

192, X,X, X, X,X. 
60, 99, 114, 169, 224, 227, X, X, X, 

X X 
25, 30, 7l", 74, 97, 109, 119, 202, 211, 

X,X,X, X. 
49, 74, 97, X. X 


Pounds 
$123,656 

297, 185 

153, 996 

(') 
905, 889 

75, 474 
92, 697 


Pounds 
121,399 

292, 347 

151, 346 

(>) 
814, 249 

84, 251 
73,062 


$136, 620 

634, 554 

172, 583 

0) 
610, 801 

71, 563 
176, 798 


$1.13 
'7 


Maroon .. - 


Methyl violet 


1.14 


Para red 


2, 25, 32, 49, 60, 71, 97, 99, 114, 119, 
122, 169, 192, 210, 211, 224, X, X, 
X, X, X, X, X. X, X, X. 

30, 97, 99, 114, 119, 227, X, X, X_... 

25, 32, 60, 71, 74, 97, 99, 119, X, X, 

X, X. 
32, X, X, X 


75 




.85 
2.42 


Phosphomolybdic acid 
toners, total- 
Blue --- 


Green 










Purple -- 


25, 60, 97, 99, 119, X, X, X 










Red - 


25, 49, 97, X, X 










Violet 


32, 133, X 










Another 


25 










Phosphotungstic acid toners: 
Blue ... 


25, 49,^60, 71, 74. 97, 99, 133, 192, 202, 

211,227, X, X, X,X, X, X. 
25, 49, 60, 74, 97, 99, 119, 133, 169, 

192, 202, 211, 227, X, X, X, X, 

X X 
25, 49, 60, 74, 99, 133, 192, 202, 211, 

X X X X X 
25, 49, 60, 71, 74, 99, 119, 133, 192, 

202, 211, X,X, X, X, X, 
25, 30, 60, 97. 99, 224, 227, X, X, X, 

X. 
2, 32, 60, 71, 97, 99, 114, 119, 122, 169, 

192, 210, 211, 224, 227, X, X, X, 

X, X,X,X, X, X. X, X, X. 
25,49,60, 71,97, 99, X, X 


105, 433 
63,404 

50, 911 
45, 271 
248, 277 
704, 716 

62, 586 


98, 988 
58, 185 

45, 472 

44,621 

260, 883 

635, 445 

56,429 


308, 535 
169, 719 

85,032 
100, 045 
269, 599 
855, 619 

83, 926 


3 12 


Green - - 


2.92 

1.87 
2 24 




Red.. - 


Red 


1.03 
1.35 

1.49 


Toluidine red 


Another 






Total toners or full 
strength colors 


6, 326, 018 


5, 904. 389 


6, 319, 252 


1 07 




32, 60, 71. 92, 99, 119, 122, 133, 192, 

202, 211, X, X, X. 
25, 60, 71, 74, 92, 99, 119, 122, 192, 

202, 211, 227, X, X, X, X. 
2, 25, 32. 60, 71, 92. 99, 114, 119, 122. 

133, 169, 211, 224, X, X, X, X, X, 

XXX 
2, 25', 60,' 71,' 92, 99, 119, 122, 169, 202, 

211, 224, X, X, X, X, X, X, X, 

X,X. 
2, 60, 92, 99, 133, 211, X, X, X 




REDUCED TONERS 

Lake Red C and D 


70, 305 
252, 593 
400,936 

179, 129 

131. 150 


69, 146 
257, 415 
399, 541 

137, 334 

70, 242 


34, 734 
100, 462 
59, 125 

47,480 

90, &43 


.50 
.39 
.15 

.35 

1.29 


Lithol 


Para red 


Toluidine red 


All other. . 




Total reduced toners. 


1, 034, 113 


933, 678 


332, 444 


36 








Total color lakes and 
toners 




14, 406, 863 


12, 657, 848 


9.403,171 


.74 





' Included in all other. 



MEDICINALS 



The production and sales of synthetic medicinals, both coal-tar and 
non-coal-tar, declined in 1938 in group totals and in most of the indi- 
vidual items. 

In the coal-tar group 43 companies produced 11,097,000 pounds and 
sold 8,885,000 pounds, valued at $9,509,000, in 1938. Fortj^-seven 
firms produced 14,800,000 pounds and sold 11,989,000 pounds valued 
at $11,496,000, in the preceding year. The outstandmg decrease was 



34 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



in sales of aspirin which were 24 percent less than in 1937, Among^ 
the many other compounds which decreased sharply were acetanilide, 
salicylic acid, and mandelic acid and salts. Notable among the few 
increases in quantities of sales were those of sulfanilamide, though 
here a fall in average unit value of sales from $4.95 a pound to $1.79 
a pound resulted in a substantial decrease in value of sales. Sales 
of neoarsphenamine also increased in quantity, while the unit value 
of sales dropped from $132 a pound in 1937 to $94 a pound in 1938. 

Non-coal-tar synthetic medicinals were produced in 1938 by 35 
companies, who reported an output of 1,379,000 pounds, and sales 
of 1,137,000 pounds, valued at $2,278,000 in 1938 as compared with a 
production of 1,814,000 pounds and sales of 1,442,000 pounds, valued 
at $2,408,000, by 37 producers in 1937. Many individual compounds, 
as well as barbituric acid derivatives as a group, decreased in sales 
quantity. Among the few compounds which registered increased 
sales were theophylline ethylenediamine (aminophylline) and ascorbic 
acid (vitamine C). 

Statistics of production and sales of synthetic medicinals in 1938 
are shown in table 1 1 . 



Table 11. — Synthetic medicinals: United States production and sales, 1938 

[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on 
page 56. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification 
number with the designated product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that the 
statistics of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information in regard to individual 
firms. The figures thus concealed , however, are included in the total] 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (accord- 
ing to list on p. 56) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of medicinal 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAR 

Acetanilide 

Acetphenetidin .. __. 


44,58,136, 141 

58, 141, X 


Pounds 
410,417 


Pounds 
468, 425 


$104, 590 


$0.22 




1, 139, X 


1,182 








and salts (Acetarsone), (Stovarsol''. 

Acetyl-p-aminophenyl salicylate (Salophen). 

Acetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin) _ 

p-AminobenzosuIfonamide (Sulfanilamide) 

p-Aminobenzoyl di-n-butylamino propanol 
(Butyn base). 

p-Aminobenzoyl di-n-butylamino propanol 
sulfate (Butyn sulfate). 

p-Aminobenzoyldiethylaminoethanol (Pro- 
caine). 

p-Aminobenzovldimethvlaminomethyl bu- 


X 








58, 141, X, X,X_-. 
28,30,80,139,141.- 
1 


3, 896. 066 
338, 939 


3, 893, 692 
373, 875 


2,076,261 
668, 228 


.53 
1.79 


1. 










1, 80, 156, 203, X, 

x,x. 

X 


14, 070 


9,506 


303, 405 


31.92 


tanol hydrochloride (Tutocain). 
m-Amino-p-hydro.xvphenylarsinc oxide hy- 


X 










drochloride (Mapharsen). 
Ammonium o-iodoxybenzoate .- 


1 .. 










Amyl-m-cresol . . 


X .. 










Antipvrine_ 


58... 










Arsanilic acid 


1, 139 










Arsphenamine . .. .. . . 


1, 57, 131, 139, X, 
X. 

x,x 


297 


249 


29, 932 


120. 21 


Barbituric acid derivatives: 

Cyelohexenylmethylmethyl barbituric 




acid and salt. 
Phenobarbital 


1,80. 131,139,203, 

x,x 

X . .. 


112, 037 


89, 351 


390, 350 


4.37 


Phenobarbital calcium.. 




Phenobarbital sodium. 


1,80, 131,139,203, 

X. 
X 


9,881 


9,237 


35,910 


3.89 


Phenylethylmethylbarbituricacid 




Phenylethylmcthylureasodium . 


X. 










Benzaldehvde 


X, X . 










Benzoic acid 


00,141,203 










Benzovl-tclrainethykliamino-ethyl-isopro- 


X.. 










panol hydrochloride. 
B.,'nzylmcthyl ketone . 


X 











SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMIC.VLS 35 

Table 11. — Synthetic medicinals: United States production and sales, 1938 — Con. 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (accord- 
ing to list on p. 56) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of medicinal 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) coAL-TAE— continued 


X 


Pounds 


Pounds 








X 












139,149 












139 . 










m-Bromoaceto phenyl benzoate (Neoxyn) _ _ _ 

n-Butyl-p-aminobenzoate (Butesin) 

p-Butylaminobenzoyl dimethylamino eth- 

anol. 
a-Butyloxycinchoninic acid diethylethyl- 

enediamide and hydrochloride. 
Caffeine sodium benzoate 


58 










1 










X 










X 










131,139, 149, X 




1,112 


$3,275 


$2.95 




131, 139, 149 






Calcium-o-benzyl hydroxybenzoate (Ben- 
zed o). 


1 










X 












X 












1 












X 










m-Cresyl acetate (Cresatin) 


185 










- Cresylazo -2:4- diaminobenzene hydro- 
chloride. 


184 










X . 












X .. ... 












X . . 










Di-n-butyl-p-aminobenzoate trinitrophenol 

(Butosin picrate). 
n-DiPthylaminoisopentyl-8-amino-fi-meth- 

oxy quinoline. 
3:4-Dihydroxy phenyl ethylmethylamine 

(Epinine). 
3:5-Diiodo-4-pyridon n-acetic acid dietha- 

nolamine. 
4-Dimethylamino antipyrine (Aminopy- 

rine). 


1 










X 










28 










X 










144, X 










60 












1_.. 












137 










Disodiumhydroxymercurisalicyloxy acetate 

(Mercurosal). 
Disodium - 4 - sulfaminophenyl-2-azo-7- ace- 

tyIamino-l-hydroxynaphthalene-3:6 - di- 

sulfonate. 
Dyes, medicinal, total 


X 










X 












38, 940 


32, 851 


979, 703 


29.82 




144 




Brilliant green 

3:r)-Diamino acridine sulfate (Profla- 
vine). 

3:fi-Diamino-19-methyl acridine chloride 
(Acriflavine). 

Dibromohydroxymercurifluorescein so- 
dium salt (Mercurochrome). 

Gentian violet 


144 










1, 144 










1 144 










102 










144 










139.. 










Methylene blue.- 


30 144 










144 










Parafuchsine 


144 










102, X 










Phenylazo-diamino pjTidine hydro- 
chloride (Pyridium). 


175 










144 












65, 139 

1,39 




















Ethocainc borate (Borocaino) - 

Ethyl p-amino benzoate (Benzocaine) (An- 
esthesine). 

Gamma-diethylaminopropylcinnamate hy- 
drochloride (Apothcsine). 


185 X 










1, 80, 139, 156, 203, 

x.x.x.x. 

X 


13,693 


11,686 


37,809 


3.24 


141, X 










ITexamethylenoamine acetamino salicylic 
acid (Salilicxin). 


1 










185 










Hydroxymcrcury-4-nitro-o-cresol anhydride. 
8-Hydroxyquinoline (Oxyquinoline base) - . . 


1 










139 X 










X 










o-Iodobenzoic acid .- 


65, X. 











36 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 11. — Synthetic medicinals: 


United States production and sales 


1938~Con. 




Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (accord- 
ing to list on p. 56) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of medicinal 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAR — continued 
o-Todosobenzoic acid 


X 


Pounds 


Pounds 






lodoxyquinoline sulfonic acid (Yatren acid) 


X, X 










Laevo-methylaminoethanol catechol (Epi- 


X 










nephrine). 
Lithium benzoate_ . 


X 










Lithium salicylate 


X 










Magnesium benzoate 


X 










Magnesium salicylate 


58, 131, X 










Mandelic acid and salts, 


1,131,139, X 

X 


58, 637 


65, 767 


$199, 570 


$3.03; 


Menthyl salicylate 




2-Methyl-6-chloro-9-diethylaminopentylam- 


X 










ino anisidine. 
Methyl-m-amino-p-hydroxy benzoate (Or- 


X 










thoform.). 
Methyl chlorosalicylate . _ _ 


58 










Methylene-citrylsalicylicacid (Novaspirin) . 


X . . 










Methylene disalicylic acid derivative (For- 


X 










midine). 
p-Methylphenyl cinchoninic ethyl ester 


1, 30, X 




3,882 


50, 259 


12.95 


(Neocinchophcn). 
Mono n-amylaminoethy! p-aminobenzoate 


156 .- 






(Amylcaine). 
Monoisobutylaminoethyl p-aminobenzoate 


156 .. 










(Monocaine). 
Neoarsphenamine 


1, 57, 131, 139, X, 

X. 
] 


9,865 


9,237 


869, 718 


94.16 


Neo-silverarsphenamine. .. 






X . 










Nicotinic acid 


X 










Oxyquinoline benzoate 


139, X 










Oxyquinoline citrate. 


139, X 










Oxyquinoline sulfate, 


139, X 










Oxyquinoline sulfonic acid 


139 










Phenolphthalein 


141, X,X 

131, 139 


245, 148 








Phenolsulfonates (calcium, sodiurr,zinc,ete.) 








Phenyl isocyanate 


65 










b-Phenylisopropyl amine and siilfate 


X 










Phenyl mercuric acetate 


66,91 










Phenyl mercuric benzoate . . 


91 










Phenyl mercuric chloride 


91 










Phenyl mercuric hydroxide , 


66 










Phenyl mercuric nitrate 


66,91 










Phenyl-propanolamine hydrochloride ('Pro- 


185 










padrin hydrochloride). 
2-Phenylquinoline-4-carboxylic acid (Cin- 


30, X 










choplien) (Phenyl cinchoninicacid) 
Potassium oxyquinoline sulfate 


X 










Propyl p-aminobenzoate 


X 










Pyramidon and trichloroethyl alcohol ure- 


X 










thanc compounds. 
Pyridine-b-carbox vlic acid diethylamide 


X 










Resorcinol. 


60, X 










Resorcinol monacetate 


65, 139, X 










Salicylic acid 


58,141, X 

,58 


3, 330, 237 


1, 448, 851 


378, 483 


.26 


Salol 




Silver arsphenamine 


1. X 










Sodium diphenyl hydantoinate (Dilantin) 


X 










Sodium o-iodohippurate 


131 










Sodium methylene sulfonamino-hydroxy- 


1 










phenyl arsonate (Aldarsone). 
Sodium salicylate 


58,141, X 

141 


424, 963 


410, 894 


164, 962 


.40 


Sodium p-toluene sulfochioramide (Chlora- 




mine T). 
Sodium succinate 


X 










Strontium salicylate 


5S, 131, X 










Succinic peroxide 


X. X 










Sulfanilamide. (See p-.\m)nobenzosulfona- 












mide). 
Sulfoarsphenamino.. 


1,57, 131, 139, X,X 
184 


392 


242 


35,889 


148. 30 


Tetrabroino-o-cresol... 




Tetrachlorophenol 


58 










Tetraiodo[)henolphtlialein and sodium salt 

(lodeikon) (Antinosin). 
Theobromine and sodium salicylate. 


65 J 31, !39, 144, X, 

X. 
131,139,149 


5,715 


5,486 


78,838 


14.37 


Theo[ihS'i!inc calcium salicvlate 


139 










Theoijhylline sodium salicylate 


131,139. 











SYNTHETIC ORGAjSTIC CHEMICALS 37 

Table 11. — Synthetic medicinals: United States production and sales, 1938 — Con. 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (accord- 
ing to list on p. 56) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of medicinal 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAR— continued 

p-ToIuene sulfodichloramide (Dichlora- 
mine T). 


141 


Pounds 


Pounds 






58 












28 










Other medicinals of coal-tar orisrin 


X 




















Total coal-tar medicinals: 


8, 871, 539 
2, 225, 322 


6,801,492 
2, 083, 347 


$5, 427, 479 
4, 081, 352 


$0.80 


tistics are shown. 




1.96 


tics cannot be shown. 






Grand total 


11, 006, 861 


8,884,839 


9, 508. 831 


1.07 


(B) NON-COAL-TAR 

Acetannin (Tannigen) (Tannyl acetate) 


X 










65 










Aminoacetic acid (Glycoeol) (Glycine) 

p-Amino di-n-butylaminopropanol hydro- 
chloride (Butyn hydrochloride). 
Amyl nitrite (Isoamyl nitrite) 


5, 58, 60, 65, 163, 

203, X. 
1 


















65, 131, X 












98, 139, X 


8,693 
137, 781 












64, 947 


453,888 


6.99 


Allyl isopropyl acetyl carbamide 

Cyclohexenyl ethyl barbituric acid and 

salts. 

Biallylbarbituric acid and salts 

Dibromobarbituric acid and salts (Di- 

brominV 
Diethyl barbituric acid and salts (Bar- 
bital). 
Ethyl-1-methyl butyl barbituric acid 

and salts. 
EthyI-1-methyl butyl thiobarbituric 

acid and salts. 
Ethyl secondary butyl barbituric acid 

and salts. 
Hexylethyl barbiturate sodium (Ortal 

sodium). 
Isoamyl ethyl barbituric acid and salts 
Isopropyl ethyl barbituric acid and salts 

Isopropyl ethyl mnlonic ester 

Monoethyl-ethyl malonic acid 


98 




1 










X 










X X 










X 










1 80 98 X 










1 










1 










X 










X 










125 










X 










X 

1 










Propyl - methyl - carbinyl - allyl - bar- 
biturate sodium. 
Bromocnmphor _. 


125 










58 131 










X 










Butyl ethyl malonic ester (n and sec) 

Calcium gluconnte 


X 










X 










Calcium iodobehenate 


X 










Camphor (synthetic). (See table 15, p. 48.) 


X 










Chloral hydrate 


139,141 - 










Chloroform . (See table 15, p. 48.) 

Chlorot hymol 

Diethylhromoacetyl bromide (Bromo acid) 
Ether, absolute. (See table 15, p. 49.) 
Ethyl chloride. (See table 15, p. 49.) 
Ethyl ether. (See table 15. p. 49.) 


139 










X 










X. 










■"Ethyl clycnllicacid ester of menthol 

Ethvl iodide 


X 










65, 66, 131, 139 










Ethyl malonate (Malonic ester) 


1,80,98_. --- 












1 










Ethyl nitrite 


77,131,139 


11,796 


13, 439 


8,783 


.65 




X 






X 












X 










Gallic acid 


65,131 












141, X -. 












60, X - 










Hexamethylenetetramineanhydromethyl- 
ene citrate. 


X 





















38 UNITED STATES TARIEF COMMISSION 

Table 11. — Synthetic medicinals: United States production and sales, 19S8 — Con. 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (accord- 
ing to list on p. 56) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of medicinal 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(B) NON-COAL-TAK— continued 
Hexamethylenetetramine tetra iodide - 


X 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Iodoform 


131,139,149 












X 










Lithium lactate 


lOfi 










Mentho) (synthetic) . _ _. _ 


134, X,X 










Menthol ester of valeric acid (Validol) 


156 










Methyl iodide 


65,66,131,139 _ 

X 


618 


559 


$2, 768 


$4.95 


Methvleno iodide 


6.5,139.x 










Sodium bismuth-thioglycollate (Thiobis- 


X . 










mol). 


X 












131 












131 












60,1.39 










Theobromine sodium acetate 


131,149 










Theophylline and derivatives: 


131, 139, X 










Ethylenediamine ( Aminophylline) 


9, 59, 139, 173, X, 
X, X, X, X, X. 

1 


12,279 


5,138 


77, 449 


15.07 




131, 139, X 










Thiamin chloride (Vitamin B) 


98 










Thymol - - 


X 












131,139,149 




5,613 


18, 296 


3.26 




58, X 






Tribromotertiarvbutvl alcohol (Brometone) 


X 










Trichloroacftic acid 


58 












139, X, X, X, X 










(Chlorobutanol). 


66 












1 






















Total non-coal-tar medicinals: 

Those for which individual statis- 


33, 386 
1, 345, 788 


24, 749 
1, 112, 166 


107, 296 
2, 170, 434 


4.34 


tics are shown. 




1.95 


tics cannot be shown. 






Grand total . . 


1, 379, 174 


1,136,915 


2, 277, 730 


2.00 









FLAVORS AND PERFUME MATERIALS 

Both groups of synthetic flavors and perfume materials, coal-tar 
and non-coal-tar, declined in production and sales in 1938. Produc- 
tion of those of coal-tar origin was 3,837,000 pounds, 12 percent less 
than in 1937. The 28 manufacturers reported sales of 3,664,000 
pounds valued at $3,368,000, or 6 percent by quantity and 15 percent 
by value less than sales reported in the preceding year by the same 
number of companies. The output of 138,000 pounds of coumarin 
was 36 percent under that in 1937. Methyl salicylate was down 23 
percent in production. The quantity of vanillin sold increased 23 
percent, and the unit value of sales dropped from $3.27 a pound in 
1937 to $2.22 a pound in 1938. 

The 28 manufacturers of non-coal-tar flavors and perfume materials 
reported production of 1,474,000 pounds and sales of 1,298,000 pounds 
valued at $791,863 in 1938. The output was 18 percent less than that 
reported by the 27 makers in 1937. Sales were 17 percent by quantity 
and 23 percent by value less than in 1937. Geraniol was down about 
14 percent in both production and sales. The output of 639,000 
poimds of terpineol was 18 percent less than that in 1937. 

Statistics of production and sales of synthetic organic flavors and 
perfume materials in 1938 are shown in table 12. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



39 



Table 12. — Synthetic flavors and perfume materials: United States production and 

sales, 1938 

[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on 
p. 56. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number 
with the designated product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that the statistics of 
production or sales cannot be published without revealing information in regard to individual firms. 
The figures thus concealed, however, are included in the total] 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list on 
p. 56) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of flavor or perfume material 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAR 


79, X, X, X 


Pounds 


Pounds 








73, 75 










Amyl cinnamic aldehyde . 


73, 75, 134, 203, 214, 

XXX. 
58, 75, 134,'l91, X, X, 

X, X. 
100 


57, 740 
51,845 


47,092 
48, 741 


$70, 844 
22,086 


$1.50 


Amyl salicylate _- 


.45 


Benzal chloride 






X, X 












79, X, X 












75, 134, 191,203, X, X. 
100, 134, 191, 203, X _.. 
75, 134, 191, 203, X, X. 
73, 75, X, X 












95. 162 

38, 810 

833 








Benzyl benzoate 


36, 990 
365 


27,828 
463 


.75 




1.27 




75, 79, X 






73,75,214 


39 


47 


116 


2.47 




75.- 




Benzyl propionate 


75, 134, X, X, X 

60, 75, 79, 134, 214, X_.. 


1,325 


1,172 


1,604 


1.37 








73, 75 












134 










Bromstyrol 


134, X 










Butylphenyl acetate 


73 










Carvacrol nsopropyl-o-cresol) 


203 












79, 203, X 












79 












134, 203, X, X, X 










Cinnamyl acetate 


73, 75 










Cinnamyl isobutyrate 


X 










Cinnamyl isovalerianate 


X 










Cinnamyl valerianate 


75 










Coumarin 


58,60, 136, 141 


138, 357 


154, 460 


387,056 


2.51 


p-Cresyl acetate 


73,75 




p-Cresylmethyl ether 


134 










p-Cresvlphenyl acetate 


75 










Diethyl succinate 


X 










Dimethyl acetal of phenylacetaldehyde 


79, X 










73 












75 












60, X 










Dimethyl succinate 


214 .. . - 










Dif)henvlinethane 


X 










Diphenyl oxide 


58, 75, X 










Ethyl anthranilate 


73,75, 134, X 


265 
1,650 


1.38 

1,079 

101 


493 

1,158 

343 


3.57 


Ethyl benzoate 


75, 155, X,X... 


1.07 


Ethyl cinnamate 


75,214, X 


3.40 


Ethvlmethylphenyl glycidate 


73, X. 






Ethylphenvl acetate 


214, X 










Ethyl salicylate 


75, X.. 










Ethyl vanillin 


136, 141, X 










Hydrocinnamic acid 


X 










p-Hydroxy benzoic acid esters (Asepto- 

form) . 
Isomylphenyl acetate 


X 










73 












214 










Isobutvl anthranilate 


75 










Isobiitvl benzoate 


73 










Isobutylphenyl acetate 


75, X 










Isobutvl salicylate 


75.. 










Linalyl anthranilate 


75 










Menthvl benzoate 


100 










Mcthvl acetophenone 


75, 79, X, X . ... 












58,00, 134 

75 134 155, X X 


14,709 


















134, 203, 214, X, X, X_ 

7.3, 75, X. 

75,79, 134, X 

79, 134, 214, X. 


7,995 

107 

3,247 
















Meth^liiaiihthyl ketone 


2,410 


6,925 


2.87 


Arcilivlplicnyl acetate 




Met In I|ili(>nyl carbinol 


79 










Methylphcnyl carbinyl acetate.. 


79 











40 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 12. — Synthetic flavors and perfume materials: United States production and 

sales, 1938 — Continued 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list on 
p. 56) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of flavor or perfume materia) 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAR— continued 
Methyl salicylate 


58, 141, X, X 


Pounds 
1,287,481 


Pounds 
1, 319, 395 


$420, 301 


$0.32 


Musk ambrette 


60, 134, X, X 




Musk ketone 


60, 134, X, X . -_. 










Musk xylol 


60, 134, X,X 


46,876 


49, 667 


46, 450 


.94 


b-Naphthvl ethyl ether (Nerolin) 


79, X 




b-Naphthyl methyl ether (Yara yara)... 


79, X 










Phenylacet acetal 


73 










Phenylacetic acid- __. 


79, 214, X, X, X 










Phenylacetic aldehyde --. 


75_. 










Phenylacetic ester ' 


X, X 










Phenylethyl acetate 


1, 75, 214, X 










Phenylethyl alcohol - 


58,214, 217, X,X 

75 


121, 645 


120, 290 


225, 279 


1.87 






Phenylethyl formate ... . 


214 . . . - 












75, 214 .- - . 










Phenylethyl propionate .. 


214 _ _-- 










Phenylethyl salicylate . .- -- 


60 










Phenvlethvl valerate --- 


73 










Phenylethyl valerinate 


X 










Phenylpropyl acetate 


73 










Phenylpropyl propionate 


73, 214 










Propyl cinnamate 


73 










Saccharin 


141 . 










Salicyl aldehyde 


58, 60 










Tolyl acetate - . 


X 










Tolyl aldehyde 


X 












X 










(Rosetone) . 
Vanillidine 


X .... 










Vanillin 


136, 141, 183, X, X, X, 
X. 


465, 077 


454, 948 


1, 009, 227 


2.22 






Total coal-tar flavors and perfume 
materials: 
Those for which individual 


2, 333, 163 
1, 503, 469 


2, 236, 895 
1, 426, 995 


2, 220, 173 
1, 147, 877 


.99 


statistics are shown. 
Those for which individual 




.80 


statistics cannot be shown. 






Grand total . . 


3, 836, 632 


3, 663, 890 


3,368,050 


.92 




73, X 




(B) NON-COAL-TAR 

Aldehyde- C 7 (Heptyl) 










Allyl caproate 


73, 75, 214, X 










Allyl propionate 


73 












73, X 












X, X 












73, X 












X, X 












147, X 












60, X, X, X... 

73 


19, 008 


















73 










n-Butyl butyrate 


73, 155 












75 










Capvrl butyric ether 


75 










Citral 


29, 60, 73, 127, 134, 203, 

214, X, X, X, X. 
79, X, X 


23, 148 


21, 448 


31, 794 


1.48 


Citronellal 




Citronellol 


60, 79, 134, 203, 214, X. 
73, 75 


3,646 


6,298 


12, 103 


1.92 


Citronellyl acetate 




Diacetyl 


X 










Dibutyl carbinol 


X 












75 












75 










Dimethyl octanol 


X 












214 










Ethyl butyrate 


29, 73, 77 155, X, X 












155, X 










Ethyl isovalerate 


155, X 










Ethyl laurate 


73 










Ethyl oonanthate. 


73,75, 155, X, X _ 

73, 75, 127, 214 


3,452 
11,513 


2,923 
10, 357 


2,035 
6,240 


.70 


Ethvl oxvhydratc. .. . . 


.62 


Ethyl peiarRonate 


29 




Ethyl pyrinate 


214 










Ethyl sebacate 


73 










Ethyl n-valerate 


75 











SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



41 



Table 12.— Synthetic flavors and perfume materials: United States production and 

sales, 1938 — Continued 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list on 
p. 56) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of flavor or perfume material 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(B) NON-COAL-TAR— continued 


60, 73, 79, 134, 203, 208, 
214, X,X, X,X, X, 
X X 

60, 73, 75, 79, 134, 203, 
214, X, X. 

75 


Pounds 
318, 172 

9,455 


Pounds 
282, 555 

7,019 


$189, 683 
7,684 


$0.67 




1.09 








75, X 












73 - 












X, X, X 


32, 248 










214.. 










60, X 










Hydroxy citronellal dimethylacetal 


X 










X 












60, 134, 136, 203, 214, 

217, X, X. 
75, 77, 155, X 


41,448 


36, 962 
5, 952 


62, 509 
4,450 


1.69 




.75 




75, 155 








73, 155, X, X 


799 


933 


1,448 


1.55 




X 






60 












60,73 












73,155 












75 












73, 79, X 












60 . 












214.. 










Linalyl acetate 


73,75, 214, X, X 

214.. 


497 


696 


1,668 


2.40 








214.. 












214... 












203 












X 












X 










Methyl ionone , ... 


60. 136, 203, 214, X, X. 
73 


21, 642 


20,113 


52, 052 


2.59 






Octyl alcohol (sec) (Capryl alcohol) 


X 










73 












203 












214 










Rhodinol 


60, 75, 127, 203, 208, 214, 

X, X, X, X, X. 
X, X, X . 


5,311 
35 


4,549 
35 


50, 730 

584 


11.15 


Rhodinyl acetate 


16.69 




73 






X 












214 












214 










Terpineol 


60, 95, 147, X 


638, 797 


613, 109 


122, 543 


.20 




60, 147 






PO, 73. X 












73, 214 










Vortiverol acetate 


73, X, X, X 










Total non-coal-tar flavors and per- 
fume materials: 




1,129,171 
344, 482 


1,012,949 
285, 424 


545, 523 
246, 340 


.54 


statistics are shown. 




.86 


statistics cannot be shown. 








1, 473, 6.53 


1,298,373 


791,863 


.61 









SYNTHETIC RESINS 



The output of synthetic resiiis m 1938 was 130,359,000 pounds as 
against 163,031,000 pounds in 1937. The 1938 production, by prin- 
cipal uses, was 33,538,000 pounds for casting and molduig, 10,189,000 
pounds for laminating, 56,528,000 pounds for paints and varnishes, 
and 30,104,000 pounds for other uses. 



42 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Resins derived from coal tar declined 25 percent in production, to 
106,923,000 pounds in 1938, both the alkyd resins and those made 
from tar acids sharing in the drop. Phenolic resins for molding are 
shown separately for the first time. 

Non-coal-tar resins increased 11 percent in production to 23,435,000 
pounds and 24 percent in value of sales to $7,061,000 in 1938. An 
important factor in the increase in the non -coal-tar group was the 
commercial production of the relatively high-priced polyvinyl acetal 
resins for use in the manufacture of safety glass. Resins derived from 
urea are shown separately. 

Statistics of production and sales of synthetic resins in 1938 are 
shown in table 13. 



Table 13. — Synthetic resins: United States production and sales, 1938 

[The numbers in the second column rofef to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on 
p. 56. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification num- 
ber with the designated product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that the sta- 
tistics of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information in regard to individual 
firms. The figures thus concealed, however, are included in the total] 





Manufacturers' identification 
numbers (according to list 
on p. 56) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of resin 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAR 

Alkyd: 

Maleic anhydride _- 

Phthalic anhydride. 

Coumarone and indene 


7, 31, 34. 95, 111, 124, 201, X, 
X, X, X, X, X, X. 

7, 17, 27, 31, 34, 60, 68, 84, 96, 
111. 130, 169, 177, 213, X, X, 
X, X, X, X, X, X,X, X, X, 
X, X,X,X,X,X,X, X, X, 
X, X, X, X. 

20, 146, X 


Pounds 
3, 432, 887 

37, 563, 840 


Pounds 
2, 978, 718 

21,931,783 


$634, 935 
4, 467, 466 


$0.21 
.20 


Hydrocarbon... . 


60 _... 










Stvrol 


58, X 










Sulfonamides- 


141.. 










Tar acids: 

Cresol or cresylic acid . . . 

Phenol: 

For casting 


16, 61, 84, 178, 207, X, X, X, X, 
X, X, X, X. 

16, 36, 60, 96, 108, 132, 141, X, 

X. 
16, 46. 50, 61, 84, 178, 180, X, X, 

XXX 
7, 16, 3l', 36, 61, 84, 96, 124, 177, 

180, 201, X, X, X, X, X, X, 

X, X, X. 
84, 1.30, X, X, X, X, X, X 


5,284,895 

4, 807, 671 
13,487,681 
17, 658, 391 


3, 882, 988 

4, 651, 991 
12, 787, 051 
17,484,415 


561, 432 

1,896,425 
2, 189, 600 
2, 939, 971 


.14 
.41 


For molding... 


.17 


yor other uses 

Phenols and cresols 


.17 


Xylenols 


84, X, X, X 

84, X, X, X 


329, 927 
2, 396, 273 








Xvlenols and cresols 


















Total coal-tar resins 


106, 923, 244 


84. 763, 503 


15,810,538 


.19 




95, X, X 




(B) NON<OAL-TAR 

Abieticacid . 










Acrylic acid esters 


X, X, X 










Ketone 


X 










Petroleum.. 


X, X 










Polyamide... . 


X 










Urea 


7, 60, 96, X, X, X, X, X 

X 


8, 249, 900 


7, 467, 782 


3, 312, 678 


.44 


Urea and thiourea 




Vinyl aceta! 


60, 187 










Vinyl acetate and chloride 


33,86 










Wood rosin-methyl alcohol 


95 










Wood rosin-mcthyl alcohol- 


95 










hydrogen. 












Total non-coal-tar 


23, 435, 408 


17, 064, 685 


7,061,436 


.41 


resins. 







SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



43 



RUBBER CHEMICALS 

Synthetic organic chemicals for use in compounding rubber were off 
about a tliird in output in 1938, primarily because of reduced activity 
in the manufacture of tires, the major market for rubber chemicals. 
Accelerators declined more than other rubber chemicals ; and coal-tar 
derivatives declined more than non-coal-tar products. 

Statistics of total production and sales of non-coal-tar rubber chem- 
icals cannot be published without revealing information concerning 
individual firms. Thirteen companies were engaged in 1938 in the 
manufacture of synthetics, both coal-tar and non-coal-tar, for use in 
rubber as against 14 firms in 1937. 

Statistics of production and sales of synthetic rubber chemicals are 
shown in table 14. 

Table 14. — Synthetic rubber chemicals: United States production and sales, 1938 

fThe numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on 
p. 56. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification 
number with the designated product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that the 
statistics of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information in regard to individual 
firms. The figures thus concealed, however, are included in the total] 





Manufacturer?' 
identification 

numbers 
(according to 
list on p. 56) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAR 




Pounds 
8, 222, 515 


Pounds 
6, 240, 191 


$2. 365, 566 


$0.38 




60, 141, X 




Aldehyde-amines: 












60, 8G, 141, X.... 
X 


386, 294 
















Ethvl b-propylacrvl aniline 


X 










Heptaldehvde aniline - .. -- 


X 










Methylene aniline (anhydroform alde- 


60. 141 










hyde aniline). 
Other: 


86 










Benzothiazole tliiobenzoate- - - 


141 










Benzothiazyl-ethyl-thiocarbonate 


X 










Carbon disulfide on methvlene di- 


141 










methylcyclohexylamine. 
Carbon disulfide on methylene dipi- 


141 










peridine. 

p-p'Diaminodiphenylmethane - - 

Dibeuzothiazyl-diniethvlthiol-urea. . . 


X 










141 










Dibenzothiazvldimethvlihiol-urea, 


141 










diphenylsuanidine phthalate and 
anbydroformaldehyde aniline. 


X 










Dimethylethvlenediphenvldithiocar- 


X 










barnate lead salt. 
Dinitrophenylbenzothiazyl sulfide 


141 










plus diphenylguanidine acetate. 
Dinitrophenyldimethyldi t h i oc ar- 


X 










bamate, 
Dinitrophenyl ester of mercaptoben- 

zothiazole. 
Diphenylcarbamyl dimethyldithio- 

carbamate. 


141 










X 










7, .58, 60, 141 

141 


1, 144. 510 


1, 029, 901 


339, 157 


.33 






Diphenylguanidine phthalate 

Diphenylguanidine and dinitro- 
phenyl ester of mercaptobenzothia- 
zole. 
Diphenylguanidine phthalate, di- 
phenylguanidine and dinitrophenyl 
ester of mercaptobenzothiazole. 


141 










141 










141 










60, X 












60 










5-Ethoxv-2-mercaptobenzotiilazole 


X 











44 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 14. — Synthetic rubber chemicals: United States production and sales, 1938- 

Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification 

numbers 
(according to 
list on p. 56) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAR— continued 

Accelerators— Conti nued. 
Other— Continued. 

Hexamethylenetetramine ester of 


141 


Pounds 


Pounds 






mercaptobenzothiazole. 
Alercaptobenzothiazole -- - - 


141, X,X 










Mercaptobenzothiazole on benzyl 


60 










chloride addition of hexamethylene- 
tetramine. 
Mercaptobenzothiazole methylene 

aniline. 
Mercaptobenzothiazole methylene- 

o-toluidine. 

Mercaptobenzotniazole lead salt 

Mercaptobenzothiazole potassium 

salt. 
Mercaptobenzothiazole sodium salt... 

Mercaptobenzothiazole zinc salt 

Methylene mercaptobenzothiazole — 
Methylene-p-toluidine (anhydrofor- 

maldehyde p-toluidine). 
Piperidine penta methylene dithio- 

carbamate and potassium salt. 


X 










X 










X - 










60 . 










141, X 










60, 141, X, X 

141 


516, 049 


480, 211 


$219, 672 


$0.46 


60 










60, X 










60, 141, 144 

144 


229, 143 


















144 












X 














10, 548, 499 


8, 422, 515 


3,389,011 


.40 




X 














p-Aminodiphenyl acetone compound 


141 - - 










141 












141 












60 












60 












86 












141 












X 












60 












X 










Diphenylamine acetone formaldehyde 


X 










X 










s-Di (b-naphthol) p-phenylenediamine._-- 


86 










60,86, X 

141 - --- 


574, 999 








Diphenyl-p-phenylenediamine and p- 
aminodiphenyl acetone compound. 

Diphenyl-p-phenylenediamine and ani- 
line acetone, acid derivatives. 








141 










86 












X 










Di-0-tolylguanidine salt of dicatechol 
borate. 


60 










60 












60 












X 










p-Methyl-p-(p-tolylsulfonylamino) di- 

phenvlamine. 
Mono benzyl ether of hydroquinone 


X 










86 










141 












60 












60, 82,86 










Pheny 1-b-naphthy Initrosam ine 

Polyethylene polyamine plus b-naphthol. 

Thiophenyl-hnaphthylamine 

2:2:4-Trimethyldihydro(iuinoline and 
polymers. 


X 










X 










X 










86 










X 






















Total coal-tar rubber chemicals 


18,771,014 


14, 662, 706 


5, 754, 577 


.39 



SYNTHETIC ORGAISTIC CHEMICALS 



45 



Table 14. — Synthetic rubber cheviicals: United States production and coles, 19S8- 

Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (ac- 
cording to list 
on p. 56) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(B) NON-COAL-TAR 

Accelerators: 

Aldehyde ammonia .. - 


60 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Dimethylaminodimethyldithiocarbamic 


141 










acid, zinc salt. 
Dipenta methylene thiouramtetra sulfide. 
Dithiocarbaniates: 

Amvl-ammoniiim-zinc dimethyl 


60 










X 










Cyclohexyl ammonium zinc dibutyl. 


X 










Lead dimethyl 


225 










Selenium diethyl .. 


X - . 










Selenium ethyl .. .. . 


225 - 










Sodium dimethyl . 


225 .. 










Zinc dibutvl 


225, X 










Zincdiethvl ___ _. 


225 










Zinc dimethyl _ . 


X, X 










p-Nitrosodimethylamine 


60 










Tetraamylthiouram monosulflde -- 


X 










Tetramethylthiouram sulfide and disul- 
fide. 
Triethvltrimethvlenetriamine - 


60, 141, X,X.__. 
X 


260,388 


217, ill 


.$470, 389 


$2.17 


Xanthates: 

Chloronaphtha . . - . 


141 - .- - 










Di-n-butylxantho disulfide . - 


X - 











Furfural - --. -. .. 


88 










Potassium am vl. . _, 


88, 141 










Potassium butyl . -.. .. 


7,88, 141 










Potassium ethyl 


88, 141 










Potassium isopropyl . . . 


88, X 










Potassium pentasol . - 


88 










Sodium butyl . . .. .. 


X - . 










Sodium ethyl 


88, 141 . 










Zinc butyl 


X.X. 










Zinc isopropyl 


X... 






















Total non-coal-tar rubber chemicals 


(') 


(') 


(') 


(') 









• Not publishable. Included in Miscellaneous synthetic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin. 
MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 

The miscellaneous coal-tar group includes unrelated commodities 
and groups of commodities not properly classifiable under any of the 
specified groups. Although the groups are comparable as to classi- 
fication, a comparison of the totals for 1937 and 1938 is of little sig- 
nificance because of the heterogeneous nature of the products making 
up these totals. 

The output of coal-tar textile chemicals was 5,791,000 pounds, 88 
percent more than in 1937. Sales advanced proportionately. The 
production of 10,429,000 pounds of phthalates was 31 percent under 
that in the preceding year. 

The miscellaneous non-coal-tar classification includes the bulk of 
the non-coal-tar synthetics, and consists of industrial chemicals not 
classifiable as medicinals, aromatic chemicals, or resins. The produc- 
tion of such products was 2,383,168,000 pounds in 1938 as against 
2,505,027,000 pounds in 1937. About half of the output is consumed 
by the producing concerns. 

The decrease in production of acetic acid was 22 percent and of 
acetic anhydri(]e 35 percent. Sales of 67,041,000 pounds of acetone 
in 1938 were slightly less than in 1937. Butyl alcohol production was 
off 35 percent. The steady upward trend in carbon tetrachloride 
production was broken in 1938 when the output decreased 7 percent. 
The output of isopropyl alcohol was 7 percent more than hi 1937. 



46 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Statistics of production of many of the miscellaneous non-coal-tar 
products manufactured in large quantities cannot be shown without 
revealing confidential information. Prominent among such chemi- 
cals in 1938 were: Synthetic camphor, crotonaldehyde, synthetic 
ethyl alcohol, ethyl chloride, ethylene dibromide, ethylene dichloride, 
ethylene glycol, formaldehyde, synthetic methanol, and tetraethyl 
lead. 

Statistics of production and sales of miscellaneous synthetic organic 
chemicals in 1938 are shown in table 15. 

Table \5.— Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and 

sales, 1938 

[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on 
p. 56. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification 
number with the designated product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that the 
statistics of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information in regard to individual 
firms. The figures thus concealed, however, are included in the total] 



Name of chemical 



Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (ac- 
cording to list 
on p. 66) 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



(A) COAL-TAB 



Amino diethyl hydroquinone 

Benzoate of ammonia 

Benzoate of soda _. 

Benzoyl peroxide 

Benzylated phenol (Santophens) 

Biological stains and chemical indica- 
tors. 

Butyl catechol 

Cresophan 

Cyclanol 

Cyclohexanone 

Decahydronaphthalene (Decalin) 

Diamyl hydroquinone 

Diethoxybenzene 

Diphenylethane polymer 

a-a-Dipyridyl 

Ethylene glycol monophenyl ether 

Flotation reagents 

Gases (poisonous, tear, etc.): 

Chloropicrin 

Diphenylamine chlorarsine 

Gasoline antioxidants 

Hexalin (Cyclohexanol) 

Insecticides (synthetic) 

Methyl cyclohexanone 

Methyl hexalin (Methyl cyclohexanol), 

Naphthanil red for printing 

Naphthanil scarlet for printing 

Phenylethanolamine 

o-Phenyl mercaptobenzothiazole 

Phloroglucinol 

Photographic chemicals, total 

p-Aminophenol sulfate 

Catchol (Pyrocatechin) 

Chloro hydroquinone 

Diaminophenol hydrochloride 
(Amidol). 

Hydroquinol 

P-Hydroxy phenylglycine 

Methyl p-aminophenol sulfate 
(Metol) (Rhodol). 

o-Phenylenediaminc 

Tertiarybutyl pyrogallol (Rubi- 
nol). 

Phthalates, total... 

I) ianiyl ._ 

Bibiitoxy ethyl 

Dibutyl 



X 

100, 141, X 

60, 100, 141, X... 

X 

141 

94, 121, 144, 205, 
X. 

141 

X 

60 

60 

60 

141 

66 

X 



Pounds 



33. _ 
140. 



72, X_ 
X__.. 



60, 100. 
X 

60 

60, 100. 

60 

60 

33 

141.... 



1, 800, 207 



141.... 
66, 227. 
66,217. 



60,65,217,227, X 

65,66, X,X 

60, 65, 217, 227, 
X, X. 

6,5,66,-- 

X 



1. 246, 671 
""214,"628 



"Dicyclohexyl... 
l)ipthoxy ethyl, 
diethyl 



Dimotiioxy etliyl. 
Dimethyl -._ 



Dimethyl cyclohexyl. 



212, X,X 

60, 158, X 

7,51,60,141,212, 

X,X. 

fiO 

158 -_.. 

7, 51, 141, 212, 

X,X. 

60,158 

7, 51, 141, 212, 

X, X. 
60... 



10, 428, 947 



4, 206, 475 



870, 283 



Pounds 



1,415,911 



$1, 585, 051 



$1.12 



1, 123, 063 
'"'2i5,"462" 



968, 820 
'536,'ii6 



2.49 



8, 149, 826 



1, 658, 749 



3, 346, 921 



606, 536 



.20 

".'is 



746, 975 



135, 174 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



47 



Table 15. — Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals: United States -production and 

sales, 1938 — Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (ac- 
cording to list 
on p. 56) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAR— continued 

Phthalat es— C ontinued . 

Diphenj'l - 


141 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Potassium butyl- _-- 


60 










Sodium butvl .-- - --- 


60 










Sod iiun ethyl butyl 


60 










Phthalyl glycollate plasticizer 


141 










Printsol colors: 

BlueB 


144 










Bordeaux R -. 


144 










Orange G 


144 










RedG 


144 










Scarlet B 


144 










Scarlet 2G 


144 










Quinhydrone 


65,139,227 










Quinone .__ -.- 


60,65 










Research chemicals 


5,65, X 










Sodium discresyldithiophosphate 


X 










Tanning materials (synthetic) 


7, 20, 42, 82, 141, 

144, X, X. 
60 










Tetrahydronaphthalene (Tetralin) 










Textile chemicals, total 


6, 7, 60, 82, 141, 

144, X, X. 
141 


5, 790, 779 


4, 937, 837 


$1, 172, 188 


$0.24 


o-Tolyl biguanide- _ 


Other products 


65,141 






















Total miscellaneous coal-tar 
chemicals: 
Those for which individual 


12, 328, 836 
27, 264. 219 


10, 370, 258 
22. 534, 154 


3, 418, 834 
4, 012, 870 


.33 

.18 


statistics are shown. 
Those for which individual 




statistics cannot be shown. 




Grand total . . 


39, 593, 055 


32, 904, 412 


7, 431, 704 


.23 




33, 150, X 


(B) NON-COAL-TAR 

Acetaldehyde 










Acetaldol (Aldol) 


150 










Acetamide _ 


58, 150, X 










Acetic acid (100 percent) 


33, 51, 150, 212, 
X,X. 

33,65, X,X 

82,97,X 


97, 478, 563 
114,835,504 








Acetic anhydride (from all sources) 








(100 percent). 
Acetin (mono, di, tri) 








Acetone 


33, 51, 174, 189, 

212, X. 
65,139 




67,041,184 


2, 887, 374 


.04 


Acetonitrile 




Acetonyl acetone 


33 










Acetyl chloride 


83, 100, X 










Allyl alcohol 


66.. 










Allvl bromide 


58,65,66 










Allyl chloride . .-- 


65,66 










Allyl isothioeyanate (svnthetic mus- 


66,X.. 










tard oil). 
Aluminum formate 


218 










Amines, total 




322, 816 


228,388 


115, 542 




Amyl (mono, di, tri) 


186 




Butyl: 

Di 


186 










Tri 


60,186 










Iso.... 4 


60 










Ethyl: 

Mono 


24 










Di._ 


225 










Methyl: 

Mono 


5,51,60 










Di,._. _. 


60 










Tri 


60 










Aminoacetal.. 


66. 










Ammonium oxalate 


83 










Ammonium stcarate 


X 










Amyl acetate, total 




5,828,497 


6, 393, 792 


679, 398 




Normal (90 percent) 


51, 60, 174, 186, 

212. 
X... 




Secondary (90 percent) 










Iso (90 percent) 


77, 155, 212, X, 
X,X. 





















48 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 15. — Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals: United States production 
and sales, 1938 — Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (ac- 
cording to list 
on p. 56) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(B) NON-COAL-TAR— continued 
Amyl alcohol, total.- 




Pounds 
9, 096, 977 


PouTids 






Normal (100 percent) 


60,186,212 








Secondary (100 percent) 


60, X 










Tertiary ( 100 percent) 


189 










Iso (100 percent) 


77,X,X,X 












186 












186 












186 












77 












58-_ 














55, 792, 217 


43, 334, 733 


$3, 571, 662 


$0 08 


Normal (90 percent) 


33, 51, 141, 155, 

174, 212. 
189, X 




Secondary (90 percent) 










Iso (90 percent) 


60 










Butylacetyl rieinoleate 


51 














81, 304, 789 


30, 220, 372 


2, 376, 175 


.08 


Normal (100 percent) 


33,51,174,212 




Secondary (100 percent) 


189, X 










Tertiary (100 percent) 


189 












33,60 












33, 51 












65, 181, X 












51, 100, 186 












51 










Butyl oleate 


51 










Butyl propionate (100 percent) 


77, 212 










48,51, X 












33- 












33, 6,5, 155 












33, 65 












100 












136, 141 












8, 188 . . 












60 












1 












60, 147 












33, 131, 155 












58, 88, 152, 206, 

222, X 
151 


77, 975, 057 


70, 383, 429 


2, 860, 288 


.04 


Carbonyl chloride (Phosprene) -- 






22 












58 












65 












58 












X 










Chloroform (tech and USP) 


22,26,58,60,88--- 
165 ... 


2, 159, 933 


1,788,816 


327, 198 


.18 


Chloromethoxy - bis - diazo - ethylene- 

diamino diacetic acid. 
Citric acid, refined (fermentation) 




44, 139, X. 

188 . 


10, 277, 234 


10, 406, 354 


2,421,922 


.23 




33, 150 












150 












33, 51, 141, 189... 
33, 65 .. 


2, 382, 481 


1, 776, 275 


163, 272 


.09 








165 










n-Dibutylamine diaminoisopropanol... 


60. 










33, 51 . 












51, 212 












203, X . 










Dibutyl tartrate - 


51, 60, X 

117 


11, 980 


14, 294 


6,461 


.45 








33 












60 












117 . 












117 












X 












33 










Diethyl acetic acid. .. 


33, X 










212 












33. 












33,65 












33, 58 










Diethylenc f;lycol diethyl ether 

Diethylene glycol dipropionate 


33 










168.... 











SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



49 



Table 15. — Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals: United States production 
and sales, 1938 — Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (ac- 
cording to list 
on p. 56) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(B) NON-COAL-TAR— continued 


X 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Diethylene glycol monobutyl ether 

Diethylene glycol monobutyl ether ace- 
tate." 

Diethylene glycol monoethyl ether 

Diethylene glycol monoethyl ether ace- 
tate. 

Diethylene glycol monomethyl ether. . 

Diethylene glycol monostearate 

Diethylene oxide (Dioxan) 


33... 










33 










33. 










33 










33 










X 










33 












24, 33 












48, X.... 












48, X 












X 












33 












60 












60 












65, X 












60 












60 












X 










Ethyl acetate (85 percent). . 


33,51,60,77.141, 

174, 212, X 
33, 212. 


55, 725, 726 


42, 373, 680 


$2, 320, 200 


$0.05 






Ethyl alcohol (synthetic). 


33 












1, 58, X 










Ethyl bromo acetate 


58 










Ethyl butyl acetate .-- 


33 










Ethyl butyl alcohol 


33 










Ethyl butyraldehyde 


33 










Ethyl chloride (tech and USP). 

Ethyl chlorocarbonate 


58,60,70,77.81... 










212 










Ethyl ether (tech, USP and absolute). - 


33, 131, 139, X... 










Ethyl formate- 


51, 75, 77, 131, 

155, 212, X, X. 

33 










a-E thyl hexanal 












33 










Ethyl hexoic acid 


33 










a-Ethylhexyl acetate 


33 










Ethyl lactate 


X 










Ethyl mercaptan 


131 










Ethyl monochloro acetate 


58 










Ethyl oleate 


48 










Ethyl oxalate 'Diethyl oxalate).. 


77, 212, X 












60, 73, 77, 212, X, 

X, X 
33 .. . 




















Ethyl silicate 


33 










Ethylene chlorohydrin 


33 




" 






Ethylenediamine (med and tech) 


24, 33 ... 










Ethylene dibromide 


58, 69, 222. . . . 










Ethylene dichloride 


33, 58 










Ethylene glycol- _ 


33, 58, X. 










Ethylene plvcol diacetate 


33- 










Ethylene glycol diethyl ether 


33 










Ethylene glycol distearate 


X 










Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether _ 


33 










Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether stea- 


158 










rate (Bufoxy ethyl stearate). 
Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether 


33 












33. 










tate. 
Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether 


33 










Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether ace- 


33,77 










tate. 
Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether 


158 










oleate (Methoxy ethyl oleate). 
Ethylene oxide 


33.. . 










Ethylidcne diacetate 


X 










Fatty acids (synthetic) 


X 










Fattv alcohols (containing more than 


60 










S carbon atoms). 
Fenchone 


147 










Ferrous lactate. . 


188 










Formaldehyde (40 percent) 


43,60, X,X 











50 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 15. — Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals: United States production 
and sales, 1938 — Continued 





Manufactiu-ers' 
identification 
numbers (ac- 
cording to list 
on p. 56) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(B) NON-COAL-TAR— continued 
Formamide . - 


60 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Formic acid (90 percent) 


60,218 










Furfural . - .- 


176 










Furfural derivatives: 


176, X 










Furoicacid 


176 












176 










Tetrahydrofurfurvl alcohol 


176, X 










Other - - - 


X 










Gallic acid, tech - _ 


65, 131,227 

X 


140, 625 


74, 933 


$52, 263 


$0.70 


Gluconic acid (crude) - - 




Glyceryl monomyristate 


48 












48, X, X 












48, X 










Glyceryl trihvdroxy stearate. _.. 


60 












65 












X 












48, X 










Guanyl-nitrosaminc-guanyl-tetrazenc — 


X 










Heptadccanol 


33 












33 










Hexachloroethane . 


58,88 












33 










Hexamethvlenetetramine, tech- . 


60, 141, X 












X 












33, 60, X 










Higher alcohols (containing more than 


60.x 










5 carbon atoms). 


60 












60- _ 










Hydroxvethyl ethvienediamine 


33- - 












181. X 












181 












X, X 












60- 












60 












60 












33 












33 












33, 189, X 










Is( 'Propyl alcohol (Isopropanol) 


33, 189, X 

58, X 


141, 081, 915 


17, 190, 575 


705, 585 


0.04 


Isopropvl chloride 


100 










Isopropyl Ptlier _ ._ 


33, 189, X 




1. 548, 530 
984, 152 


62, 750 
209, 846 


.04 


Lactic acid: 

Edible (100 percent) 


8, 12, 45, 60, 188 - 
12, 60 - 


1, 292, 216 


.21 






Technical (100 percent) . 


8, 12, 45, 60, 188 












60- 












58, 65, X 












17- -. . 












33, 51, 189 












60- - 






1 


Methanol fsynthetic) 


33, 43, 51, 60 




98,157,826 


3, 784, 435 


.04 


Methyl acetate 


60, 150 






Methyl acetoacetate 


33 










Methyl bromide 


58, 88 










1-Methyl butyl bromide .. . 


1 










Methyl chloride (Chloromethane) 
(100 percent) 


60, 168, 219, X.-. 
51 


3,064,227 


3,041,642 


954, 267 


.31 


Methyl diacetone ether 






X 


. 










51, 60, X 




41, 629 


11,045 


.27 


Methyl isnbutvl carbinol 


33 






Methyl isobutyl carbinol acetate 


33 












33, 189- - - 












51- .- .. 












60 










Methyl propyl ketone 


189, X 










Methyl stearate 


100 










Methyl r.uccinate 


X. 












33 










Methylbutyl ketone 


X 










Methylethyl ketone 


33, 189, X. i.... 









SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



51 



Table 15.- 



- Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals: United States production 
and sales, 1938 — Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (ac- 
cording to list 
on p. 56) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


CB) NON-COAL-TAR— continued 
Methylene chloride (Dichloromethane) 


22, 60, 88, 219 ... 


Pounds 


Pounds 








33. 












33 












65 










Oxalic acid 


83,143,159,218,X 
150 . . 


9, 194, 738 


9,007,950 


$901, 369 


$0.10 


Paracetaldehvde . ..-. 






60, X.... 












X_ 










Pentaerythritol 


150 










Phorone 


33 










Polyethyleneamines - 


33 










Polvglycerol .- 


141 










Polyelvcerol-abietic acid compound 


141 










Propionic acid _. .- 


60. 65 










Propionic anhydride 


65 










Propionvl acetone 


66 










n-Propvl acetate 


60 










n-Propvl alcohol (Propanol)... 


60 










Propylene chlorohydrin 


33 . 










Propylene diamine 


24, 33.... 










Propylene dichloride 


33, 58 










Propylene glycol 


33, 60 










Propylene glycol monostearate. . 


48 










Propylene glycol distearate 


X- 










Propylene oxide _ 


33- 












65, 131,227 

65, X 


51, 324 


48, 968 


69, 281 


1.42 


Research chemicals 




Rubber, synthetic 


58, 60 










Sebacic acid . _ 


X 










Sodium formate 


60, 31, 218, X. 










Sodium lactate 


188 










Sodium oxal acetate 


212 










Sodium oxalate 


83, 131, 218 










Sorbitol 


17, X 










Soybean fatty acids monoglyceride 


X 










Sucrose octa acetate .. _ .. 


1.50 










Sulfated fatty alcohols, acids, etc. 
(Gardinols, Igepons, Intramines) 


33, 42, 60, 82, X, X 
60 


7, 668, 458 








Sulfoacetic acid 








Sulfonated thiocarbanilide acetalde- 
hyde ammonia compound _ 


141 .. . 










Tetrabromoethane (Acetylene tetra- 
bromide). . _ ... __. .._ 


58 










Tetrachloroethane (Acetylene tetra- 
chloride) 


60,222 . . 










Tetrachloroethylene (Perchloroethy- 
lene) 


58,60 












33 










Tetraethyllead 


70 










Tetracthylene glycol. ... 


33 . 










Tetraethylene glycol dimethyl ether... 


33. .. 










Tetraethylene pentamine 


33 










Tributyl borate 


51 










Tributyl citrate 


51 










Tributyl phosphate 


51, 141 










Tributyl phosphite 


60 










Trichloroethane (Methyl chloroform) 


58 










Trichloroethylene 


60, 222 . 










Trichloromonofluoromethane 


117 










Triethanolamine ... . 


33 -. 










Triethyl citrate 


X 










Triethvl phosphate 


51, 141 










Triethylene glycol 


33 










Triethylenc glycol dihexoate ... 


33 










Triglycol dichloride 


33 










Trislycol dioctoate 


33 










Triisobutylene 


189, X 










Triisopropanolamine 


33 










Trimethylene bromide 


1, 58 










Undecanol 


33 










Undecyl ketone 


33 










Urea (solid) 


60 












60 










Vanillin (See table 12, p. 40). 













52 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 15. — Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals: United States production 
and sales, 1938 — Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (ac- 
cording to list 
on p. 56) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(B) NON-COAL-TAR— continued 
Vinyl acetate. 


150, X 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Vinyl chloride 


33. . 










Waxes (synthetic) 


60, X 










Xanthates (See table 14, p. 45). 
Other miscellaneous non-coal-tar 
chemicals 


60, X, X, X... 






















Total miscellaneous non-coal-tar 
chemicals: 

Those for which individual 
statistics are shown 


675,924,902 
1, 707. 242, 781 


404, 274, 623 
697, 833, 446 


$24, 950, 722 
80,931,995 


$0.06 


Those for which individual 
statistics cannot be 
shown 




.12 








Grand total ' . . . . 


2, 383, 167, 683 


1,102,108,069 


105, 882, 717 


.10 









' Includes non-coal-tar rubber chemicals. 



APPENDIXES 

A. Research expenditures. 

B. Imports. 

C. Directory of manufacturers of synthetic 

organic chemicals, 1938. 



53 



APPENDIX A.— RESEARCH EXPENDITURES 

According to figures reported by the industry, the synthetic organic 
chemical industry employed 1,603 technically trained research work- 
ers in 1938. The average annual salary was $3,328 as compared 
with $2,864 in 1934, the last year that research data were collected. 
The net cost ^ of research was $10,449,000 in 1938, as against $7,630,- 
000 in 1934. This cost in 1938 was equal to 4.3 percent of sales of 
all synthetic organic chemicals in that year, the same percentage 
as in 1934. 

Data on research are summarized in table 16, separating as far as 
possible coal-tar products and non-coal-tar products. Firms unable 
to divide their research costs into coal-tar and non-coal-tar groups 
reported their total expenditures for such purpose. 

Table 16. — Research expenditures by the synthetic organic chemical industry in 1938 



Coal-tar 
chemicals 



Non-coal-tar 
chemicals 



Coal-tar and 

non-coal-tar 

chemicals, 

jointly ' 



Total 



Number of employees 

Salaries (in thousands) 

Net cost of research (in thousands) 
■ Total sales (in thousands) 



756 

$2, 761 

$5, 005 

$130, 462 



655 

$1,952 

$3, 934 

$116,014 



192 

$622 
$1, 510 



1,603 

$5, 335 

$10, 449 

$246, 176 



' Reported by companies unable to separate expenditures into coal-tar and non-coal-tar. 
2 No comparable sales classification. 



APPENDIX B.— IMPORTS 

For a number of 3'ears the Tariff Commission has cooperated with 
the Department of Commerce in compiling from original documents 
data on imports of coal-tar intermediates and finished products. 
These data are released to subscribers semiannually by the Depart- 
ment of Commerce in Import Statement No. 2865, which shows 
imports of these products in much more detaDed classifications than 
are given in the annual publication Foreign Commerce and Naviga- 
tion of the United States. Table 17 is from issues of Import State- 
ment No. 2865 and gives imports of dutiable coal-tar products in 
1938 and 1937, classified according to use. 

' The net cost figure is'ohtained^by^deducting from gross cost the credits for saleable products obtained in 
the course of research. 

55 



56 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 17 — Imports of finished coal-tar 'products, classified by uses, and of coal-tar 
intermediates into the United States, 1938 and 1937 



1938 



Quantity 



Foreign 
invoice 
value 



1937 



Quantity 



Foreign 
invoice 
value 



Coal-tar dyes: 

Acid 

Vat 

Mordant and chrome 

Direct' 

Artificial silk 

Basic 

Sulfur 

Color-lake and spirit-soluble 
Other 

Total coal-tar dyes_. 

Aromatic chemicals 

Medicinals and pharmaceuticals 

Color lakes 

Other finished products 

Intermediates 



Pounds 

603, 145 

1, 128, 146 

255, 601 

824, 924 

129, 357 

119, 295 

44, 792 

39,816 

4,444 



$764, 629 

1, 497, 712 

300, 144 

1, 053, 088 

177, 444 

138, 082 

33, 427 

75, 858 

8,744 



Pounds 
681, 715 
973, 315 
313, 188 
961, 339 
192, 233 
148, 476 
49, 896 
46, 094 
452 



3, 149, 520 



4, 049, 128 



3, 366, 708 



48, 570 

36, 721 

5,096 

153, 595 

2, 387, 003 



71, 271 

170, 806 

3, 554 

342, 008 

1, 862, 344 



82, 264 

43, 041 

9,952 

135, 270 

2, 886, 725 



$917, 869 

1, 383, 055 

376, 229 

1, 218, 740 

277, 177 

186, 049 

34, 564 

103, 768 

466 



4, 497, 917 



122, 929 

196,911 

8,071 

217, 762 

2, 447, 068 



1 Includes Rapid Fast Dyes. 

Source: United States Imports for Consumption of Dyes, Aromatic Chemicals, Medicinals, Intermedi- 
ates, and Other Coal-Tar Products in Paragraphs 27 and 28 of the Tariff Act of 1930. Semiannual State- 
ment No. 2865. 



APPENDIX C— DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1938 



OF SYNTHETIC 



Num- 
ber 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in parentheses if not • 
in same city as oflBce) 



Abbott Laboratories _- ._. 

Alston-Lucas Paint Co 

Althouse Chemical Co 

Aluminum Industries, Inc.. 

Amecco Chemicals, Inc 

American Aniline Products, Inc 

American Cyanamid Co 

American Maize-Products Co 

American Pharmaceutical Co., Inc. 

American Tar & Chemical Co 

Ansul Chemical Co 

Apex Chemical Co., Inc 

Arco Co 

Arnold, Hoffman & Co., Inc 

Aromatic Products, Inc 

Artifex Products Co 

Atlas Powder Co 

Augusta Chemical Co 

Bakelite Corporation 

Barrett Co 

Bates Chemical Co 

Belle Alkali Co 

Benzol Products Co 

Bersworth, F. C, Laboratories 

Brooklyn Color Works, Inc 

Brown Co 

Brown, Andrew, Co 

Burroughs Wellcome & Co., Inc 

Bush, W. .1., & Co., Inc 

Calco Chemical Co., Inc 

California Flaxseed Products Co... 

California Ink Co., Inc 

Carbide & Carbon Chemicals Corp 

Carbogen Chemical Co. 

Cams Chemical Co., Inc 

Catalin Corporation of America 

Celluloid Corporation 



14th St. and Sheridan Rd., North Chicago, 111, 

1029-31 North Throop St., Chicago, 111. 

540 Pear St., Reading, Pa. 

2416-38 Beekman St., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

75 Rockwood St., Rochester, N. Y. 

50 Union Square, New York, N. Y. (Lock Haven, Pa.). 

30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York, N. Y. (Bound Brook and 

Warners, N. J., Bridgeville, Pa.) 
100 East 42d St., New York, N. Y. (Roby, Ind.). 
525 West 43d St., New York, N. Y. 
.5910 Fremont St., Duluth, Minn. 
Stanton St., Marinette, Wis. 

225 West 34th St., New York, N. Y. (Elizabethport, N. J.). 
7301 Bessemer Ave., Cleveland, Ohio. 
55 Canal St., Providence, R. I. (Dighton, Mass.). 
703 Rope St., Springdale, Conn. 
Delaware Ave. and Elm St., Camden, N. J. 
Wilmington, Del. (Atlas Point, Del., Stamford, Conn.). 
Box 660, Augusta, Qa. 
247 Park Ave., New York, N. Y. (Bloomfield and Bound 

Brook, N. J.). 
40 Rector St., New York, N. Y. (Plants throughout 

United States). 
Scottdale Rd., Lansdowne, Pa. 
Belle, W. Va. 

237 South St., Newark, N. J. (Piscataway, N. J). 
609 Waverly St., Framingham, Mass. 
Morgan and Norman .\ves., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
404 Commercial St.. Portland, Maine (Berlin, N. H.). 
5431 South Riverside Drive, Los .\ngeles, Calif. 
9 East 41st St., New York, N. Y. (Tuckahoe, N. Y.). 
11 East 3Sth St., New York, N. Y. (Linden, N. J.). 
Bound Brook, N. J. 
3135 East 26th St., Los Angeles, Calif. 
545 Sansome St., San Francisco, Calif. (Berkeley, Calif.). 
30 East 42d St., New York, N. Y. (South Charleston, 

W. Va., Niagara Falls, N. Y., Whiting, Ind.). 
South Ave., Garwood, N. J. 
1377 8th St., La Salle. Til. 
1 Park Ave., New York, N. Y. (Fords, N. J.). 
290 Ferry St., Newark, N. J. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



57 



Appendix C. — Directory of manufacturers of synthetic organic chemicals, 19S8 — 

Continued 



Name of company 



OflSce address (location of plant siven in parentheses if not 
in same city as office) 



Chemico, Inc 

Chemical Manufacturing Co., Inc 

Cliilds Pulp Colors, Inc 

Ciba Parmaceufical Products, Inc 

Cincinnati Chemical Works, Inc.... 



Cities Service Oil Co 

Citro Chemical Co 

Clinton Co 

Colasto Co., Inc.- _ 

Coleman & Bell Co 

Colloid Chemical Laboratores, Inc 

Collway Colors, Inc 

Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufactur- 
ing Co. 
Commercial Solvents Corporation 



Commonwealth Color & Chemical 

Co. 

Cooks Falls Dye Works, Inc 

Coopers Creek Chemical Corporation. 
Crown Tar Works (division of Public 

Service Co. of Colorado). 

Devoe & Raynolds Co., Inc 

Diarsenol Co., Inc. 

Dow Chemical Co 

Dubin, H. E. Laboratories, Inc 

duPont de Nemours, E. I., & Co 



Durite Plastics, Inc 

Dye Specialties Corporation. 
Dyestuils & Chemicals, Inc. 
Eakins, J. S. & W. R., Inc.. 
Eastman Kodak Co 



Edwal Laboratories, Inc 

P'lko Chemical Works, Inc 

Em|)ire Varnish Co 

Ethyl-Dow Chemical Co 

Ethyl Gasoline Corporation 

Feder<>l Color Laboratories, Inc 

Federal Laboratories, Inc 

Felton Chemical Co., Inc 

Fine Colors Co _ 

Florasynth I/aboratories, Inc 

Foster-Heaton Co 

Franco-American Chemical Works. 

Fries Bros. 

Fries, George Q., & Co., Inc 



Gane's Chemical Works, Inc. 

Gebauer Chemical Co 

General Aniline Works, Inc. . 



General Chemical Co. 
General Electric Co.. 



Genpral Pla.sties, Inc .. 

Goodrich, B. F., Co 

Ooodyoar Tire & Rubber Co 

Great Western Electro-Chemical Co. 

(division of Dow Chemical Co.). 

Guyan Color & Chemical Works 

Halowax Cornoration 

Hamilton Laboratories, Inc 

Hampdon Cdlor & Chemical Co 

ITarmon Color Works, Inc 

ITartnian-Leddon Co., Inc 

Hrrculps Powder Co 

Heresite & Chomical Co 

Hilton-Davis Chemical Co.. 

HofTmann-I/aRoche, Inc 

Holland Aniline Dye Co. 

Hooker Electrochemical Co 

Hugcins, Jamrs, & Son 

Hynson, Westcott ^ Dunnine, Inc... 
Imperial Paper & Color Corporation 

(Pigment Color Division). 



475 Dorchester Rd., Akron, Ohio. 

Ashland, Mass. 

43-.';3 Summit St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Lafayette Park, Summit, N. J. 

P. O. Box 20, Evanston Station, Cincinnati, Ohio (Norwood 

and St. Bernard, Ohio). 
Bartlesville, Okla. (Tallant, Okla.). 
Maywood, N. J. 
P. O. Box .340, Clinton, Iowa. 
Mechanic St., Hoosiek Falls. N. Y. 
Maine and Waverlv Aves., Norwood, Ohio. 
21 West St., New York, N. Y. (Guttenberg, N. J.). 
15 Market St., Paterson, N. J. 
17 Van Dyke Ave., Hartford, Conn. 

17 East 42d St., New York, N. Y. (Terra Haute, Ind., 

Peoria, 111., Agnew, Calif.). 
Nevins, Butler & Baltic Sts., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

70 Pine St., New York, N. Y. (Cooks Falls, N. Y.). 
River Rd., West Conshohocken, Pa. 
900 15th St., Denver, Colo. 

P. O. Box 328, Louisville, Ky. 

72 Kingsley St., Buffalo, N. Y. 

Midland, Mich. 

250 East 43d St., New York, N. Y. 

Wilmington, Del. (Carney's Point, New Brunswick, Perth 
Amboy. Arlington, and Newark, N. J., CarroUville. Wis., 
Belle, W. Va., Niagara Falls, N. Y.. El Monte, Calif.). 

6000 Summerdale Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. 

924 Bergen Ave., Jersey City, N. J. 

11th and Monroe Sts., St. Louis, Mo. 

55 Berry St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

343 State St., Rochester, N. Y. (Rochester, N. Y., Kings- 
port, Tenn.). 

732 Federal St., Chicago, 111. 

66 Lister Ave., Newark, N. J. 

2638 East 76th St., Cleveland, Ohio. 

Wilmington, N. C. 

405 Lexinpton Ave., New York, N. Y. 

4633 Forest Ave., Norwood, Ohio. 

185 41st St., Pittsburgh. Pa. (Tunnelton, Pa.). 

590 Johnson Ave., Brooklvn, N. Y. 

21-29 McBride Ave., Paterson, N. J. 

1513-33 Olmstead Ave , New York, N. Y. 

833-39 Magnolia Ave., Elizabeth, N. J. 

Carlstadt, N. J. 

92 Read St., New York, N. Y. (Bloomfield, N. J.). 

68 Beekraan St., New Yerk, N. Y. (Long Island City, 
N. Y.V 

43 West 16th St., New York, N. Y. (Carlstadt, N. J.). 

826 Hanna Bldg., Cleveland, Ohio. 

435 Hudson St., New York, N. Y. (Rensselaer, N. Y., 
Grasselli, N. J.). 

40 Rector St., New York, N. Y. (Buffalo, N. Y., Clay- 
mont, Del.). 

1 River Rd.. Schenectadv, N. Y. (Schenectady, N. Y., 
Pittsflpld. Mass.). 

83 East Walck Rd., North Tonawanda, N. Y, 

500 South Main St., Akron, Ohio. 

1144 East Market St., Akron, Ohio. 

Midland, Mich. (Pittsburg, Calif.). 

P. O. Box 1088, Huntington, W. Va. 

247 Park Ave., New York, N. Y. (Wyandotte, Mich.). 

Hamilton, Ohio. 

161 Armorv St., Springfield, Mass. 

P. O. Box 1158, Paterson. N. J. rHaledon, N. J.). 

6010 Haverford Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Delaware Trust Bide., AVilmington, Del. 

822 South 14th St., Manitowoc, Wis. 

Langdon Farm Rd., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Kinesland Rd. and Bloomfield Ave., Nutley, N. J. 

Holland, Mich. 

60 East 42d St., New York, N. Y. (Niagara Falls, N. Y.). 

239 Medford St., Maiden, Mass. 

1030 North Charles St., Baltimore, Md. 

Glens Falls, N. Y. (Queensbury, N. Y.). 



58 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Appendix C. — Directory of manufacturers of synthetic organic chemicals, 1938- 

Continued 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in parentheses if not 
in same city as office) 



Industrial Dyestufl Co., Inc 

Inland Steel Co 

Jamieson, C. E., & Co 

Jennison-Wright Co 

Joanite Corporation 

Johnson, Charles Eneu, & Co 

Joliet Wall Paper Mills 

Jones-Dabney Co 

Kay & Ess Co 

Kay- Fries Chemicals, Inc 

Kentucky Color & Chemical Co 

Kessler Chemical Corporation 

Keystone Color Works, Inc 

Kinetic Chemicals, Inc 

Knoedler, A., Co 

Kohnstamm, H., & Co., Inc 

Koppers Co. (Tar & Chemical Divi- 
sion) . 

LaMotte Chemical Products Co 

Lavanburg, Fred L., Co., Inc 

Lehigh Briquetting Co 

Lewis, John D., Inc 

Lilly, Eli, & Co 

Lucidol Corporation 

Lueders, George, & Co 

Macher, William, & Son 

Magruder Color Co., Inc 

Makalot Corporation 

Mallinckrodt Chemical Works 

Marblette Corporation 

Marx, Max, Color & Chemical Co 

Maschmeijer, A., Jr., Inc 

May, Otto B., Inc 

Maywood Chemical Works 

Medico Chemical Corp. of America. .. 

Mepham, Geo. S., Corporation 

Merck & Co., Inc 

Minerec Corporation 

Monsanto Chemical Co 

Moser, Chas., Co 

Mutual Chemical Co. of America 

National Aniline & Chemical Co., Inc. 
Naugatuck Chemical (division of 
United States Rubber Products, 
Inc.). 

Neville Co 

Newport Industries, Inc 

New York Color & Chemical Co., 
Inc. (division of American Dye- 
wood Co.). 
New York Quinine & Chemical 
Works, Inc. 

Niacet Chemicals Corporation 

Niagara Chlorine Products Corp 

Niagara Smelting Corporation 

Niagara Wall Paper Co 

Nord & Schulich, Inc 

Northwestern Chemical Co 

Novocol Chemical Manufacturing 
Co., Inc. 

Nubian Paint & Varnish Co 

Ohio-Apex, Inc 

Oldbury Electro Chemical Co 

Patent Chemicals, Inc _. 

Peerless Color Co 

Pennsylvania Coal Products Co 

Pfansliehl Chemical Co 

Pfizer, Chas., & Co 

Pharma Chemical Corporation 

Philadelphia Gas Works Co 

Phoenix Color & Cherrieal Co., Inc. 

Pittsberg Chen ical Co_ 

Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co 

Plaskon Co., Inc 



Massasoit Ave., East Providence, R. I. 

38 South Dearborn St., Chicago, 111. (Indiana Harbor, Ind.) 

1962-80 Trombly Ave., Detroit, Mich. 

2463 Broadway, Toledo, Ohio. 

1002 44th Drive, Long Island City, N. Y. 

10th St. at Lombard St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Logan Ave., Joliet, 111. 

1481 South 11th St., Louisville, Ky. 

820 Kiser St., Dayton, Ohio. 

180 Madison Ave., New York, N. Y. (West Haverstraw, 
N.Y.). 

34th St. South of Bank St., Louisville, Ky. 

Delaware Ave. and Mifflin St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

151 West Gay Ave., York, Pa. 

duPont Bldg., Wilmington, Del. (Carneys Point, N. J.). 

717 North Prince St., Lancaster, Pa. 

87 Park Place, New York, N. Y. (Brooklyn, N. Y.). 

Koppers Bldg., Pittsburgh, Pa. (Plants throughout the 
United States). 

McCormick Bldg., Baltimore, Md. 

105 Bedford Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Universal Bldg., Fargo, N. Dak. (Dickinson, N. Dak.). 

68 Traverse St., Providence, R. I. (Mansfield, Mass.). 

Indianapolis, Ind. 

293 Larkin St., Buffalo, N. Y. 

427 Washington St., New York, N. Y. 

1533 West Clearfield St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

2385 Richmond Terrace, Port Richmond, S. I., N.Y. 

262 Washington St., Boston, Mass. (Waltham, Mass.). 

3600 North 2d St., St. Louis, Mo. 

37-21 30th St., Long Island City, N. Y. 

192-4 Coit St., Irvington, N. J. 

43 West 16th St., New York, N. Y. (Newark, N. J.). 

198-214 Niagara St., Newark, N. J. 

100 West Hunter Ave., Maywood, N.J. 

15 East 40th St., New York, N. Y. (Long Island City, 
N.Y.). 

2001 Lynch Ave., East St. Louis, 111. 

Rahway, N. J. (Rahway, N. J., Philadelphia, Pa.). 

120 Broadway, New York, N. Y. (Baltimore, Md.). 

1700 South 2d St., St. Louis, Mo. (St. Louis, Mo., Mon- 
santo, 111., Everett, Springfield, and Indian Orchard, 
Mass., Anniston, Ala., Nitro, W. Va.). 

215-27 East 9th St., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

270 Madison Ave., New York, N. Y. (Jersey City, N. J ). 

40 Rector St., New York, N. Y. (Buffalo, N. Y.). 

1790 Broadway, New York, N. Y. (Naugatuck, Conn.). 



Neville Island, Pittsburgh, Pa. 
P. O. Box 1612, Pensacola, Fla. 
22 East 40th St., New York, N. Y. (Belleville, N. J.). 



99-117 North 11th St., Brooklyn, N.Y. 

4700 Pine Ave., Niagara Falls, N. Y. 

Mill St., Lockport, N.Y. 

420 Lexington Ave., New York, N. Y. (Niagara Falls, 

N.Y.). 
Walnut Ave. and 2d St., Niagara Falls, N. Y. 
Foot of Blanchard St., Newark, N. J. 
1263 North 70th St., Wauwatosa, Wis. 
2921-23 Atlantic Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

1856 North LeClaire Ave., Chicago, 111. 

Nitro, W. Va. 

P. O. Box 316, Niagara Falls, N. Y. 

57 Wilkinson Ave., Jersey City, N. J. 

521-35 North Ave., Plainfield, N, J. 

Petrolia, Pa. 

104 Lakeview Ave., Waukegan, 111. 

81 Maiden Lane, New York, N. Y. (Brooklyn, N. Y.). 

949 Broadway, New York, N. Y. (Bayonne, N. J.). 

1800 North 9th St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

24 Van Ilouten St., Paterson, N. J. 

703 Market St., San Francisco, Calif. (Los Angeles, Calif.). 

235 East Pittsburgh Ave., Milwaukee, Wis. 

2112-24 Sylvan Ave., Toledo, Ohio. 



SYNTHETIC OKGANIC CHEMICALS 



59 



Appendix C. — Directory of manufacturers of synthetic organic chemicals, 19S8- 

Continued 



Name of company 



Portland Gas & Coke Co 

Poughkeepsie Dyestuff Corporation. 
Premo Pharmaceutical Laboratories, 
Inc. 

Piiblicker, Inc 

Pyridium Corporation 

Quaker Oats Co 

Reichhold Chemicals, Inc 

Reilly Tar & Chemical Corporation, 

Republic Creosoting Co 



Resinox Corporation 

Rogers, Allen E., Laboratories, Inc- 

Ruberoid Co 

Salvo Chemical Corporation 

Schering & Glatz, Inc 

Sharp & Dohme, Inc 

Sharpies Solvents Corporation 



Shawinigan Resins Corp.. 
Sheffield Bv-Products Co. 
Shell Chemical Co 



Sherwin-Williams Co 

Simons, Harold L., Inc 

Sinclair & Valentine Co 

Smith, Kline & French Laboratories 

Solvay Process Co 

Southern Dvestuff Corporation 

Squibb, E. R., & Sons 



•Standard Alcohol Co 

Standard Naphthalene Products Co.. 

Standard Ultramarine Co., Inc 

Stange, William J., Co 

Strook & Wittenberg Corp 

Sun Chemical & Color Co. (division 

of General Printing Ink Corp.). 

Swann & Co 

Synthetic Chemicals, Inc 

Synthetical Laboratories. 

Tavlor Chemical Corporation 

Tavlor Fibre Co 

Todd, A. M.. Co... 

Trubek Laboratories, Inc.. 

Uhlich, Paiil, & Co., Inc 

United Colnr & Pigment Co., Inc. 

(diviFion of Interchemiral Cori'..). 

U. S. Industrial Chemical Co 

Valentine & Co., Inc.. 

van Ameringen-IIaebler, Inc 

Van Dyk & Co., Inc 

Varcum Chemical Corporation. 

Verona Chemical Co.. 

Victor Chemicals Works 



Virginia Smelting Co 

Warner-Jenkinson Manufacturing Co 

Watertown Manufacturing Co 

Westvaco Chlorine Products Corpora- 
tion. 

White Tar Co., of N.J., Inc 

Wilhelm, A., Co. (division of Glid- 

den Co.) . 
Wolff-Alport Chemical Corporation.. 

Young Aniline Works, Inc 

Zinsser & Co., Inc 



Office address (location of plant given in parentheses if not 
in same city as office) 



Public Service Bldg., Portland, Oreg. 
77 North Water St., Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 
443 Broadway, New York, N Y. 

1800 West Lehigh Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. 

21 Grey Oaks Ave., Nepera Park, N. Y. 

141 West Jackson Blvd., Chicago, 111. (Cedar Rapids, la.). 

601 Woodward Heights Blvd., Detroit, Mich. 

1615 Merchants Bank Bldg., Indianapolis, Ind. (Plants 

throughout the United States.) 
1615 Merchants Bank Bldg., Indianapolis, Ind. (Plants 

throughout the United States.) 
17 Battery Place, New York, N. Y. (Edgewater, N. J.). 
72 Grand Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

500 Fifth Ave., New York, N. Y. (Erie, Pa., Joliet, 111.). 
Rothschild, Wis. 

11.3 West 18th St., New York, N. Y 
640 North Broad St., Philadelphia, Pa. 
23d and Westmoreland Sts., Philadelphia, Pa. (Wyandotte, 

Mich.). 
Worcester St., Indian Orchard, Mass. 
524 West 57th St., New York, N. Y. (Hobart, N. Y.). 

100 Bush St., San Francisco, Calif. (Martinez and Domin- 
gnez, Calif.). 

101 Prospect Ave., NW., Cleveland, Ohio (Chicago, 111.). 
11-25 44th Rd., Long Island City, N. Y. 

611 West 129th St., New York, N. Y. 

105 North 5th St.. Philadelphia, Pa. 

Syracuse, N. Y. (Geddes. N. Y.). 

P. O. Box 1045, Charlotte, N. C. (Sodyeco, N. C). 

745 Fifth Ave., New York, N. Y. (Brooklyn, N. Y., New 

Brunswick, N. J.). 
26 Broadway, New York, N. Y. (Linden, N. J.). 
Jacobus Ave.. South Kearnev, N. J. 
P. O. Box- 8.50, Huntington, W. Va. 
2536 West Monroe St., Chicago, 111. 
60 East 42d St., New York, N. Y. (Newark, N. J.). 
309-21 Sussex St., Harrison, N. J. (East Rutherford and 

Harrison, N. J.). 
205 South 32d St., Birmingham, .Ma. 
57 Wilkinson Ave., Jersey City, N. J. 
5558 Ardmore Ave., Chicago, 111. 

Phillipsburg, N. J. (Wvandotte. Mich., Penn Yan, N. Y.). 
P. O. Box 470, Norristown, Pa. (Betzwood, Pa.). 
1717 Dou.slas Ave., Kalamazoo, Mich. 
State Highway No. 2, East Rutherford, N. J. 
l.''>7 Chambers St., New York, N. Y. (Brooklyn, N. V.). 
McClellan St., Newark, N. J. 

60 East 42d St., New York, N. Y. (Baltimore. Md.). 

11 East 36th St., New York, N. Y. (Brooklvn, N. Y.). 

315 Fourth Ave., New York, N. Y. (Elizabeth, N. J.). 

57 Wilkinson A'.-e., Jersev City, N. J. 

P. O. Box 4.33, Niagara Falls, N. Y. 

26 Verona Ave., Newark, N. J. 

141 West Jackson Blvd., Chica?o, 111. (Chicago Heiehts, 

Ili.1. 
West Norfolk, Va. 
2526 Baldwin St., St. Louis, Mo. 
127 Echo Lake Rd., Watertown. Conn. 
405 Lexington Ave., New York, N. Y. (South Charleston, 

W.Va., Newark, Calif.). 
1201 Koppers Bldg., Pittsburgh, Pa. (Kearny, N. J.). 
Third and Bern Sts., Reading, Pa. 

1127 Irving Ave., Brooklvn, N. Y. 
2701 Boston St., Baltimore, Md. 
Hastings-on-Hudson, N. Y. 



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