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Full text of "Synthetic organic chemicals : United States production and sales"

-£" 



t 




Given By 
U. S. SUPT. OF DOCUMENTS 



^ 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



SYNTHETIC 

ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

UNITED STATES PRODUCTION 

AND SALES 

1939 



REPORT No. 140 

SECOND SERIES 




BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 9999 06317 193 6 



RECENT REPORTS OF THE UNITED STATES 
TARIFF COMMISSION 

Earthen Floor and Wall Tiles, Report No. 141, Second Series, 1940 In press 

Glues, Gelatins, and Related Products, Report No. 135, Second Series, 1940 .... $0.25 

Italian Commercial Policy and Foreign Trade, Report No. 142, Second Series, 

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Grapes, Raisins, and Wines, Report No. 134, Second Series, 1939 60 

Incandescent Electric Lamps, Report No. 133, Second Series, 1939 25 

Changes in Import Duties Since the Passage of the Tariff Act of 1930, Miscel- 
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Rules of Practice and Procedure and Laws Relating to the United States Tariff 

Commission Miscellaneous Series, 1939 10 



For Sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C, 
at the prices indicated 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

UNITED STATES PRODUCTION 

AND SALES 

1939 



REPORT No. 140 

SECOND SERIES 




UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON : 1910 



For Bale by the Suiie'intendent of Documents, Washington, D. C, Price 10 cents 



U. S. SUPERINTENDENT OF OOGUMEN^ 

OCT 14 1940 
UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



RAYMOND B. STEVENS, Chairman 
OSCAR B. RYDER, Vice Chairman 
EDGAR B. BROSSARD 
E. DANA DURAND 
A. MANUEL FOX 

SIDNEY MORGAN, Secretary 



Address All Communications 

UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

WASHINGTON, D. C. 



CONTENTS 



TEXT 

Acknowledgment v 

Introduction , ^ 1 

PARTI 
Summary, 1939 1 

PART II 

Production and sales by groups, 1939: 

Coal-tar crudes 5'. 

Coal-tar intermediates 6 

Coal-tar dyes 16 

Color lakes and toners 31 

Medicinals 34 

Flavors and perfume materials 3S 

Resins 42 

Rubber chemicals 43 

Miscellaneous chemicals 4& 

APPENDIXES 

A. Research expenditures 57 

B. Imports 57 

C. Directory of manufacturers of sj'nthetic organic chemicals, 1939 58^ 

STATISTICAL TABLES 

1. Comparison of United States production of tar and production and 

sales of certain crudes, average 1925-30, annual 1936-39 2 

2. Intermediates, dyes, and other coal-tar chemicals: Summary of United 

States production and sales, 1939 g: 

3. Intermediates, dyes, and certain other classes of coal-tar chemicals: 

Comparison of United States production and sales, average 1925-30, 
annual 1936-39 4 

4. Synthetic organic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin: Summary of United 

States production and sales, 193i9 4 

5. Synthetic organic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin: Comparison of 

United States production and sales, average 1925-30, annual 1936- 

39 5- 

6. Coal-tar crudes: United States production and sales, 1939 6 

7. Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1939 7' 

8. Comparison of United States production and sales of dj'es by classes of 

application, average 1925-30, annual 1938 and 1939 16 

9. Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, 1939 17 

10. Color lakes and toners: United States production and sales, 1939 32" 

11. Synthetic medicinals: United States production and sales, 1939: 

(A) Coal-tar 34 

(B) Non-coal-tar ST 

12. Svnthetic flavors and perfume materials: United States production and 

'sales, 1939: 

(A) Coal-tar ._ 39 

(B) Non-coal-tar^ .-. 40 

13. Synthetic resins: United States production and sales, 1939: 

(A) Coal-tar 42' 

(B) Non-coal-tar 43 

14. Synthetic rubber chemicals: United States production and sales, 1939: 

(A) Coal-tar 43- 

(B) Non-coal-tar 45- 

15. Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals: United States production 

and sales, 1939: 

(A) Coal-tar 4r 

(B) Non-coal-tar 48- 

16. Imports of finished coal-tar products, classified by uses, and of coal-tar 

intermediates, into the United States, 1939 and 1938 hT 

III 



ACKNOWLEDGMENT 



In the preparation of this report, the Commission had the services 
of W. F. SterHng and Bertha M. Robertson of the Chemical Division, 
and of others. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, UNITED STATES 
PRODUCTION AND SALES, 1939 

INTRODUCTION 

The United States Tariff Commission's twenty-third annual report 
on the production and sales of synthetic organic chemicals in the 
United States includes all synthetic organic chemicals grouped under 
the following classifications: Coal-tar crudes, intermediates, dyes, 
color lakes, and toners; coal-tar and non-coal-tar medicinals, flavors, 
and perfume materials, resins, rubber chemicals, and miscellaneous 
chemicals. For the first time separate figures are shown for non-coal- 
tar rubber chemicals, and for plasticizers, both coal-tar and non- 
coal-tar. Among the synthetic products reported first in 1939 are 
synthetic ephedrine, sulfapyridine, and hormones. 

Many of the basic products included in this report are essential to 
national well-being and to national defense. Toluol (p. 6) and 
phenol (p. 14) are the raw materials for the very important military 
explosives, trinitrotoluene and picric acid, and are considered by the 
War Department to be critical materials. 

Incidental to the collection of production and sales statistics, the 
Commission has from time to time compiled data on research ex- 
penditures by the synthetic organic chemical industry in order to 
obtain information on the relationship between research and develop- 
ment in the industry. A summary of research expenditures in 1939 
is shown in appendix A of this report. 

The Tariff Commission also cooperates with the Department of 
Commerce in the analysis of imports of coal-tar intermediates and 
finished products. These data are issued semiannually by the De- 
partment of Commerce.^ A summary of the data obtained in these 
analyses for 1938 and 1939 is given in appendix B. 

Three hundred and six companies reported production and sales of 
synthetic organic chemicals in 1939. Appendix C is a directory of all 
manufacturers who have given permission to be identified as producers. 

PART L— SUMMARY, 1939 

Activity in the synthetic organic chemical industry, as a whole, 
increased sharply in 1939 over 1938, and exceeded that in the previous 
peak year, 1937. 

The acceleration in the rate of coke-oven operations resulted in an 
increase of almost a third in coal-tar production. Greater market 
demand caused increased production of crude products from tar. 
The output of toluene or tuluol, the raw material for the military 
explosive, trinitrotoluene, commonly called T. N. T. was the highest 
on record. 



I United States Imports for Consumption of Dves, Aromatic Chemicals, Medicinals, Intermediates, and 
other Coal-Tar Products, as defined in Paragraphs 27 and 28 of the TaritI Act of 1930, Semiannual Statement 
No. 2865. 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



The production of coal tar, and the production and sales of crudes 
produced in large volume are shown in table 1 for the years 1939, 
1938, 1937, 1936, and the average for the period 1925-30. 

Table 1. — Comparison of United States production of tnr and production and sales 
of certain crudes, average 1925-30, annual 1936-39 

[Production and sales in thousands of gallons, value in thousands of dollars] 



Product 


Average, 
1925-30 


1936 


1937 


1938 


1939 


Increase, 

1939 over 

1938 


Tar produced 


630, 536 

22, 257 
22, 257 
4,651 

96, 879 
96, 879 
15, 920 

44, 762 

44, 762 

581 

95, 443 
95, 443 
11,742 


560, 386 

19, 413 
19, 145 
2,676 

85, 673 

84, 762 

7,629 

89, 536 

74, 054 

1,466 

101, 758 
93, 216 
10, 294 


603, 053 

26, 795 

22, 141 

2,928 

95, 527 
93, 767 
8.385 

115,979 

109, 394 

2,535 

107, 294 

107, 485 

12, 472 


419, 580 

17, 745 
17, 176 
2,317 

61, 903 

61,221 

6,064 

53, 584 

50, 693 

979 

88, 067 
88, 713 
10, 820 


554, 406 

30, 470 

26, 628 

3,618 

86, 246 
81, 672 

7,679 

104, 086 

87, 837 
1,517 

110,242 

101. 487 

12, 385 


Percent 
32.1 


Benzol: 

Production . - _. . 


71.7 


Sales .. ... 


55.0 


Sales value . .. .-_ 


56.2 


Motor benzol: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value . ... . 


39.3 
33.4 
26.6 


Naphthalene: 

Production ' 

Sales 1 . 


94.2 
73.3 


Sales value 


55.0 


Creosote oil: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value . . 


25.2 
14.4 
14.5 







1 Thousands of pounds. 

Source: Compiled from data reported to the Tariff Commission and to the Bureau of Mines. 

The combined sales of all synthetic organic chemicals in 1939 were 
valued at $384,343,000, and not only exceeded by 39 percent those in 
1938, a year of poor chemical sales, but surpassed the value of sales 
in any preceding year. The increase in sales value of coal-tar chemicals 
over 1938 was 42 percent, or from $130,462,000 to $184,645,000, and 
in non-coal-tar synthetic organic chemicals 36 percent, or from 
$146,435,000 to $199,698,000. The groups showing the largest 
percentage increase in sales value were intermediates, medicinals, 
and synthetic resins. The peak activity in synthetic organic chemi- 
cals in 1939 resulted from improved business conditions, a building 
up of inventories by both producers and consumers, and increased 
exports in the last quarter, particularly to countries whose imports of 
synthetic chemicals formerly came chiefly from the European bel- 
ligerents. Although official export statistics do not give a total for 
all synthetic organic chemicals, it is known that exports of these 
synthetic products advanced considerably in 1939. The value of 
exports of all coal-tar chemicals was $9,891,000 in 1938 and 
$14,612,000 in 1939. 

No significant increases in unit values of sales of synthetic organic 
chemicals occurred in 1939. Virtually all important raw materials for 
synthetic organic chemicals are abundant in the United States and in 
general have not advanced in price. 

In 1939 a large part of the output of synthetic organic chemicals 
was consumed, as in preceding years, by producers in the manufacture 
of other chemicals. More than half of the coal-tar mtermediates and 
of miscellaneous non-coal-tar chemicals, as well as smaller fractions 
of some of the other groups, was thus consumed by the producing com- 
panies. Accordingly the quantity of production is in excess of the 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 3 

quantity of sales in some group totals and in many individual com- 
modities appearing in the tables in this report. 

Each product reported by the manufacturers is listed in the de- 
tailed tables shown in this report. Statistics of production and sales 
are given for as many separate chemicals as is possible without 
disclosing information concerning the operations of individual com- 
panies. The Commission withholds statistics for a product or a 
group of products unless at least three firms report, and unless the 
total production and sales are well distributed among the three or 
more firms. In nearly all instances the absence of numerical data 
indicated by a blank in the detailed tabulations is not because of a 
lack of production or sales figures, but because these data are con- 
fidential. All such figures, however, are included in their respective 
group totals. 

Sales statistics given in the tables are intended to reflect only sales 
of chemicals produced by the seller. Every effort has been made to 
eliminate resales of purchased merchandise and intercompany 
transfers. 

Group totals for 1939 are comparable with those for 1938 except in 
one instance. The total of non-coal-tar rubber chemicals, heretofore 
included under the total of the miscellaneous chemicals group, is 
shown separately in 1939. This change, however, is a minor one and 
does not affect appreciably the miscellaneous non-coal-tar chemicals 
total for comparative purposes. 

The production and sales of intermediates and finished coal-tar 
products in 1939 are summarized in table 2, and a comparison of pro- 
duction and sales in 1939 with 1938, 1937, and 1936, and with the 
1925-30 average is shown in table 3. 



Table 2. — Intermediates, dyes, and other coal-tar chemicals: Suminary of United 
States production and sales, 1939 

[Production and sales in thousands of pounds, value in thousands of dollars] 





Number 
of manu- 
facturers 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Product 


Quantity 


Value 


Value per 
pound 


Intermediates- 


63 
221 


607, 175 
437, 867 


269, 084 
353, 604 


38. 489 
146, 156 


$0.14 


Finished products, total . . 


.41 






Dyes: 

Classified ... 


99, 564 
20, 627 


95, 074 
19, 420 


48, 018 
22, 206 


.50 


Unclassified . 




1.14 




43 

48 
44 
30 
64 
10 
51 




Total.. 


120, 191 


114, 494 


70, 224 


.61 


Color lakes and toners .. 


18, 154 
15, 188 
5.349 
179,338 
29, 966 
69, 681 


15, 577 
12, 932 
4,938 
128. 420 
20, 965 
56, 278 


11,785 
1.3, 711 
4,447 
23, 028 
10, 081 
12,880 


.76 


Medicinals 

Flavors and perfume materials 


1.06 
.90 




.18 




.48 


Miscellaneous! 


.23 



• Includes benzoate of ammonia, benz.oate of soda, benzoyl peroxide, biological stains and chemical indi- 
cators, poisonous and tear gases, synthetic insecticides, photographic cliemicals, plasticizers, synthetic 
tanning materials, textile chemicals, and others. 

252005—40 2 



4 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 3. — Intermediates, dyes, and certain other classes of coal-tar chemicals: 
Comparison of United States production and sales, average 1925-30, annual 
1936-39 

[Production and sales in thousands of pounds, value in thousands of dollars] 



Product 



Average, 
1925-30 



1936 


1937 


1938 


1939 


509, 706 

223,119 

31, 806 


575, 893 

242, 194 

35, 639 


401, 943 
171,514 
26, 090 


607, 175 

269.084 

38, 489 


336, 348 
287, 276 
120, 765 


373, 063 
315,742 
128, 736 


276, 387 
245, 340 
104, 372 


437, 867 
353, 604 
146, 156 


119,523 
117, 573 
63. 686 


122, 245 
118,046 
64, 613 


81, 759 
87, 803 
53, 096 


120, 191 
114. 494 
70, 224 


12, 034 
10, 079 
9,763 


14, 800 
1 1, 989 
11, 496 


11,097 
8,885 
9,509 


15, 188 
12, 932 
13, 711 


3,481 
3,437 
3,220 


4, 356 
3,907 
3,983 


3.837 
3, 664 
3,368 


5, 349 
4,938 
4,447 


117,302 
86, 214 
17,056 


142, 025 
109, 201 
20, 582 


106, 923 
84, 764 
15, 811 


179, 338 
128,420 
23,028 



Increase, 

1939 over 

1938 



Intermediates: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Finished coal-tar products: ' 

Production 

Sales _.- 

Sales value 

Dyes: 

Production 

Sales - 

Sales value 

Medicinals: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Flavors and perfume materials: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Resins: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 



267, 492 
109, 133 
22, 408 

138,078 
133, 964 
65, 027 

94, 003 
92, 207 
39, 428 

4,508 
4,106 
7,464 

3,966 
3,919 
2,901 

J 24, 442 

» 22, 135 

2 7, 766 



Percent 
51.1 
56.9 
47.5- 

58.4 
44.1 
40.0 

47.0 
30.4 
32.3 

36.9 
45.5 
44.2 

39.4 
34.8 
32.0 

67.7 
51. C 
4.5.6 



' Includes color lakes, rubber chemicals, and miscellaneous coal-tar products not shown separately. 
2 1927-30 averasre. 

The production and sales in 1939 of the several groups of synthetic 
organic chemicals not of coal-tar origin are shown in table 4. The 
bulk of such chemicals are solvents and other industrial chemicals 
classified as miscellaneous. In table 5 production and sales of all non- 
coal-tar synthetic organic chemicals in 1939 are compared with those 
in 1938, 1937, and 1936, and with the average for 1925-30. 



Table 4. — Synthetic organic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin: Summary of United 
States production and sales, 1939 

[Production and sales in thousands of pounds, value in thousands of dollars] 





Number 
of 
manu- 
facturers 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Product 


Quantity 


Value 


Value per 
pound 


Medicinals . 


39 
30 
19 
8 
89 


1,668 

2,137 

33, 690 

13, 122 

2, 984, 038 


1,483 

2,233 

34, 877 

11,896 

1, 481, 874 


6,120 

1,588 

15, 983 

3,086 

172, 921 


.$4. 13 


Flavors and perfume materials 


.71 


Resins.. ... . _ 


.46 


Rubber chemicals 


.26 


Miscellaneous 


.12 






Total 


3, 034, 655 


1, 532, 363 


199, 698 


.13 









SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS {>. 

Table 5. — Synthetic organic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin: Comparison of United 
States production and sales, average 1925-30, annual, 1936-89 

[Production and sales in thousands of pounds, value in thousands of dollars] 



Item 


Averaee, 
1925-30 


1936 


1937 


1938 


1939 


Increase,. 

1939 over 

1938 


Production 


379, 972 
264, 006 
44,499 


2,041,455 

1,034,921 

105, 832 


2, 529, 650 

1, 168, 149 

119, 420 


2, 409, 456 
1, 121, 608 
1 146, 435 


3, 034, 655 

1, 532, 363 

199, 698 


Percent 

25.9 


Sales 


36.6 


Sales value.- - 


36-4 







' Adjusted so as to be on the same value basis as 1939. 

PART II.— PRODUCTION AND SALES BY GROUPS, 1939 

COAL-TAR CRUDES 

An upswing in coke oven operations resulted in an increase in the' 
production of coal tar from 419,580,000 gallons in 1938 to 554,406,000 
gallons in 1939. Sixty-two percent of the output was sold in 1939 in 
comparison with 72 percent in 1938. Tar distilled by purchasers 
thereof in 1939 amounted to 334,871,000 gallons, or 17 percent more 
than in the preceding year. 

Total production of toluene increased from 16,090,000 gallons in 
1938 to 24,355,000 gallons in 1939. No toluene of nitration grade 
was produced commercially from petroleum in 1939. A solvent^ 
however, containing approximately 50 percent toluene was produced 
in substantial quantities by two oil companies. Figures for this 
product are not included in this report. 

The output of crude naphthalene increased 94 percent to 104,086,000 
pounds, and the production of creosote oil advanced 25 percent to 
110,242,000 gallons. Increased demands, particularly from syn- 
thetic resin manufacturers, were responsible for an increase in the 
recovery of crude cresylic acid and other crude tar acids. For the 
first time, one company reported cresylic acid produced in conjunction 
with petroleum refining. 

Statistics of domestic production and sales of coal tar, crude light 
oil, and the crude products made from them, as well as the quantities 
of the several kinds of tar distilled are shown in table 6. These 
statistics represent a combmation of data reported to the Tariff 
Commission by the distillers of purchased tar, and of data reported 
to the Bureau of Mines by coke-oven operators who distill tar produced 
by themselves. 



b UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 6. — Coal-tar crudes:^ United States production and sales, 1939 

[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on p. 58. 
An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number 
with the designated product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that the statistics 
of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information with regard- to individual firms] 

Tar distilled by purchasers; thereof :2 Gallons 

Oil-gas tar 16,230,837 $809,362 

Water-gas tar 21, 320, 255 958, 079 

Coal tar 297,320,098 15,892,717 

Total 334,871,190 17,660,158 





Manufacturers' identifica- 
tion numbers of com- 
panies reporting to 
Tarifl Commission (ac- 
cording to list on p. 58) 


Production 
(quantity) 


Sales 


Product 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Tar 3 __gallons-- 




554, 406, 216 

170, 993, 376 
30, 470, 459 

86, 245, 584 

24, 355, 116 

7, 468, 386 
4, 089, 090 

6, 684, 622 

104, 085, 593 


344, 534, 382 

9, 397, 726 
26, 627, 639 

81, 671, 632 

24, 683, 051 

7, 093, 186 
4, 393, 400 

4, 562, 135 

87, 836, 963 


$16, 585, 734 

730, 591 
3, 617, 953 

7, 678, 770 

4, 952, 453 

1, 355, 079 
1, 018, 589 

443, 469 

1, 517, 240 


$0,048 


Light oil and derivatives: 

Crude light oil., .gallons.. 
Benzol (except motor ben- 


57, 103, 116, 171, 180, X.... 
8, 22, 62, 153, 171 


.078 
.136 


zol) gallons.. 

Motor benzol do 


22, 171, X 


.094 


Toluol, crude and refined 

gallons.. 

Solvent naphtha, crude 

and refined gallons. . 

Xylol 3. . do - 


8,22,62,107,153,171 

8, 22, 62, 122, 153, 179, 180, X. 


.201 

.191 
.232 


Other light oil products 
gallons 


8,22,62,153 


.097 


Naphthalene, crude (solidify- 
ing under 79° C.) <... pounds.. 

Anthracene, crude Qess than 
30 percent) 2 . _ ...pounds 


22, 57, 116, 122, 171, 179, 180, 
184, X. 

179 


.017 


Cumene2 . gallons 


22 










Cresylic acid, crude (less than 
75 percent) 2 gallons 


22,204 










Pyridine.- .. do 


22,122,179 


217, 517 
110,241,843 


164, 256 
101, 486, 998 


269, 831 
12, 384, 939 


1.64 


Creosote oil... ..do 

Coal tar sold or consumed in 


11, 22, 56, 57, 68, 103, 107, 
109, 116, 122, 124, 153, 179, 
180, 184, X. 

11,22,122 


.122 


Tars, crude and refined 2. do 

Tars, road 2 .do 

Other distillates s do 

Pitch of tar tons.. 

Pitch of tar coke 2 do 


11, 22, 57, 62, 103, 122, 153, 

171, 179, 180, 184, X, X. 
11, 22, 68, 103, 109, 122, 124, 

171, 179, 180, 184. 
22, 56, 103, 116, 122, 166, 179, 

180, 184, X, X, X. 
11, 22, 56, 57, 68, 103, 109, 

116,122,124,166,179,180, 

184, X. 
22,68,109,122,179,180 


33, 957, 602 

149,835,943 

42, 680, 447 

668, 153 

90, 124 


32, 258, 215 

137, 696, 311 

10, 740, 339 

306, 457 

81, 443 


2, 181, 744 

11,191,316 

1, 542, 251 

4, 358, 507 

1, 016, 351 


.068 

.081 

.144 

14.22 

12.48 


Total 






71, 419, 156 















' Data for coke ovens reported to Bureau of Mines, and for tar refineries and others, to United States Tariff 
Commission unless otherwise noted. 

2 Reported to United States Tarifl Commission only. 

3 Reported to Bureau of Mines only. 

* Includes refined naphthalene reported to Bureau of Mines. 

6 Includes crude tar acids reported to United States Tarifl' Commission and phenol, sodium phenolate, 
and certain other products reported to Bureau of Mines. 



COAL-TAR INTERMEDIATES 

The production of 607,175,000 pounds of coal-tar intermediates in 
1939 was the highest on record, exceeding by 51 percent the output in 
1938, and by 5 percent the previous peak in 1937. Sales in 1939 were 
269,084,000 pounds valued at $38,489,000, or an average of 14 cents 
per pound. The difference between production and sales of inter- 
mediates is due almost entirely to the large consumption by the 
producers in the manufacture of finished coal-tar products. 

The production of intermediates used in the manufacture of syn- 
thetic resins increased more proportionately than did the total 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 7 

production of intermediates; the output of phthalic anhydride and 
phenol increased 60 percent and 54 percent, respectively. The pro- 
duction and sales of virtually all intermediates used in the manufacture 
of dyes and medicinals were considerably higher in 1939 than in 1938; 
the output of 41,775,000 pounds of the basic commodity, aniline oil, 
was 56 percent more than in the preceding year. Among the many 
other intermediates that advanced in production were H acid 46 
percent, p-dichlorobenzene 21 percent, dimethylaniline 52 percent, 
a-naphthylamine 39 percent, and sulfanilic acid and salt 25 percent. 
Statistics of production and sales of coal-tar intermediates are 
shown in table 7. 



Table 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States -production and sales, 1939 

[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on p. 58. 
An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number 
with the designated product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that the statistics 
of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information with regard to individual firms. 
The figures thus concealed, however, are included in the total] 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list on 
p. 58) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Acetanilide, tech _ 


44,60,62,85,138 

85 


Pounds 
487, 606 


Pounds 






Acetanilide-p-sulfonic acid 








Acetoacetanilide.. 


36,218 -- 










Acetoacet-o-anisidide .-. 


218 










Acetoacet-o-chloranilide 


218 










Acetoacet-m-xylidide 


218 










Acetotoluide 


8,144,218 










5-Acetylamino salicylic acid 


1 










Acetyldiaminoanthraquinone 


6. 










Acetyl-1 :4-naphthalcne-diamine-6 and 


144... 










7 sulfonic acid (acetylamino Cleve's 
acid). 
Acetyl-p-phenylenediamino (p-amino 


44,62,85,144.... 


254,293 








acetanilide). 
Acetyl-p-phenylenediaminc sulfonic 


85 








acid. 
Acetvl-p-toluidine 


62,99,X,X 


854, 789 








Acridine yellow 


62,144 








Adipic acid 


X._ 










a-Aminoanthraquinone and salt 


62,85,144 


255, 914 
624, 118 
197, 305 
137, 527 








b-Aminoanthraquinone,.. 


62,85,144 

6,8,44,62,85,144,165... 
6,8,44,62,.85,144,165._. 
6,144 








Aminoazobenzene and hydrochloride... 








Aminoazo benzene sulfonic acid 









Amia&azobenzene disulfonic acid 








p-Aminoazobenzcne disulfonic acid 


44..__ 










Aminoaaotoluene 


8,44,62,85,144,165 

85,144 


373, 193 








Aminoaaotoluene mono sulfonate 








Aminoazoxvlene 


6,85,144.... - 










.\minoazoxyleno-toluidine .. 


8 










8-Aniino-I:2-henzacridone 


62 










o-Aminobenzoicacid (anthranilicacid).. 


7,60,62- _. 










p-Aminobenzoic acid. .. 


62 










A m ino-5-bcnzo vlani inoanthraquinone 


62 










ra-Aminobenzovl J acid 


6,62,144,165 

6,62,85,144,165 

62 


27, 570 
79,400 








p-Ariiinobcnzoyl J acid 








p-Aminobenzovl-m-phenylenediamine 








m-Aminobenzoyl-p-tolvlenediamine 


62 










l-Amino-2-bromo-4-p-toluidine anthra- 


62 










qumone. 
Aminobutyrylaminodiethyl hydroqui- 

none. 
.\raino-4-chlorophenol 


165 










144 










2-Amino-4-chlorotoluene 


62, 144 










2-Amino-6-ehlorotoluene 


62, 144 










m-Aminocresol methvl ether 


44 










l-Aniino-2:4-dibromoanthraquinone 

p-Aminodiethvl benzaldehvde 


62,144 










62 










2-Amino-5-diethylaminotoluene hydro- 


X 










chloride. 
p-Aminoiliethvlaniline 


8.'i, X 










p-Aminodimcthylaniline 


69 










p-Aminodiphenylamine 


62 











UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 19S9 — Con. 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tificaiion numbers 
(according to list on 
p. 58) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Jk.minodiphenvianiine sulfonic acid 


6,44,85,144 


Pounds 


Pounds 








165 










3-Ainino-4-hydroxyplionyl arsonic acid. 


1 _ 










4-Amino-3-methoxy diphenylamine-2- 


44 










sulfonic acid. 
1 "7-Aniinonaphthol 


62 










l-Amino-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid 


44,62,85,144 


1,083,317 








44,62,144.. 










44,62,144... 


152, 487 
3, 664, 378 

639, 114 
1,042,278 








(Chicaeo acid). 
1- Amino-8-naphthol-3 :6-disulfonic acid 

(H acid) 
2-Amino-5-naphtliol-7-sulfonic acid (J 

acid) . 
2- Amino-8-naphthol-6-s u If o n i c acid 

(gamma acid). 
-2!-Amino-8-naphthol-3:6-disulfonic acid 

(2 R add). 


62,85,142,144.... 








6,44,62,85,144 


46,964 
184, 549 


$81,407 
156, 533 


$1.73 


6,44,62,85,144 


.85 


62,144 




62, 69, 225, 234, X 

44,144 


19, 910 


15, 931 


21, 798 


1.37 


o-Aminophenol sulfonic acid 

p-Aminophenol and hydrochloride 

p- Aminophenylammonium-hydroxide . 
m-Aminophenylpyrazolone carboxyhc 

acid. 
p-Aminophenyl-p-tolylamine sulfonic 

acid. 




8, 62, 69, 225, 234, X 

X .- 


1,012,442 


439, 131 


257, 676 


.59 


165 










44 










165.X 












176.. 












6,44,144 












85 












44 












44 












142 












191 












191 










l-Anilido-2-carboxyIic acid anthraqui- 

none. 
Aniline disulfonic acid 


62 










44,62,144,165- 


52, 788 








Aniline hydrochloride and sulfate 


8,X 








165 










A^niline oil ._ 


8, 60, 62, 138, 142, 144, X. 
62,144,165 


41, 775, 370 


13, 348, 564 


1, 436, 023 


.11 








X 












62,142 












6,144,165 












62, 142,144 - 










Anthranilic acid (See o-Aminobenzoic 
acid). 


179 










Anthraquinone (100 percent) 


8,144 










El- Anthraquinone hydrazine disulfonate_ 


85 










85,144 












85 










Anthraquinone-l :5-disulfonic acid 

Anthraquinone-1 :8-disulfonic acid 

Anthraquinone-2:6-disulfonic acid 

Anthraquinone-l :8-potassium disulfo- 
nate. 

Anthraquinone-1-sodium sulfonate 

Anthraquinone-2-sodium-sulfonate (sil- 
ver salt). 


62,85 










85 










62, 85, 144 










62 










62 










6,62,144 










62 










1 :9-A nthrathiazol-2-carbony 1 chloride . - - 


62 










X 












165 












25,X,X.. 












85 












102... 












6,8,62,85,144,161 

62 


278, 279 


















142 












44,62,69, 144 












8, 62, 69, 85, 144 


1, 540, 628 










165 










6,44, 165, X - . .. 


7,822 
222, 483 










62,85, 102, 142, 209, X... 
102 


246, 481 


93,253 


.38 






Benzotrichloride 


102, 142, X 


117,930 


124, 415 


16, s66 


.13 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 9 

.Table 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1939 — Con. 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list on 
p. 58) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Benzoyl acetanilide . 


X 


Pounds 


Pounds 






l-Benzoylamino-4-chloroanthraQuinone- 


85 










l-Benzoylamino-5-chloroanthraquinone. 


62.144 










.5-Benzoylamino-I:l-dianthramide 


62 










l-Benzoylamino-5-p-toluene sulfonic an- 


62 










thraquinone. 
Benzoyl benzoic acid.. -. . ... 


8,62,144 










Benzoyl chloride 


102,142 _ 










Benzoyl J Acid 


44 .. 










Benzylamine 


102 










Benzyl chloride - 


25, 102, 142, X 










Benzyl disulfide .- 


102 










Benzylidine aminopyrazolone 


X_ 










Beta gamma picoline 


22,179.. 










Broenner's acid (See 2-Naphthylamine- 

6-sulfon)cacid). 
Bromamine acid 


62,144 










Bromobenzanthrone 


62 










Bromobenzene..- _ 


60,69.. 










p-Bromomethvlamiuoanthraquinone- - 


85 










p-Brorrfophenol . _ _ . 


X . 










Butyl phenol (p-tertiary) 


60 










Carbazole, refined . -. .. . 


179 










Chicago Acid (See l-Amino-8-naphthol- 

2:4-disulfonic acid). 
o-Chloroacetoacetanilide, 


36 










Chloroacetoacetvlnaphthylamide-- 


165 










l-Chloro-5-aminoanthraquinone 


144 










l-Chloro-8-aminoanthraquiuone 


62 










o-Chloroaminobenzoic acid 


85, X ._. 










Chloroaminophenol sulfonic acid ... 


44, 62,85 -. 










5-Chloro-2-aminotoluene hydrochloride. 


62 










Chloroaniline: 

(Jrtho 


142,225 










Meta 


85,142 










Para ... - 


62,142 










o-Chloroaniline sulfonic acid 


165 










p-Chloroaniline sulfonic acid 


6,44,62 


7,317 










102 








Chloroanthraquinone ... 


8.62,85,144 


430, 361 
116,098 








o-Chlorobenzaldehyde. 


62,85,144 ..... 








Chlorobenzanthrone 


144. _ 










60.62,71,102,142,199... 




3, 480, 163 


$127, 249 


$0 04 


o-Chlorobenzoic acid 


85,144,X 


23,135 
1, 096, 212 




Ohlorobenzovl benzoic acid 


8,62,85,144 








Chlorobenzyl disulfide^ 


102 








l-Chloro-2-carboxv anthraquinone 


62 _ _ 










p-Chloro-m-cresol ,. 


22 










2-Chloro-l:4-dihvdroxy anthraquinone 


6,144 










(chloroquinizarin). 
Chlorometanilic acid 


62, 144 










Chloromethvlanthraquinone 


8,62,85,144 


114, 187 










102, X- _ 








o-Ohloro-p-nitroaniline 


8, 60, 62, X 










p-Chloronitroaniline _. 


60,62,144 . . 










p-Chloro-o-ni troaniline 


225 










l-f'hloro-5-nitroanthraquinone 


144 












62 .- 










6-Chloro-2-nitrotoluene 


62,144 










o-Chlorophenol 


142,X . 










p-Chlorophenol 


142 












f!5 










2-rhloro-6-phenvlphenol and sodium 


60. 










salt. 
Chlorosulfophenvlmethylpyrazolone 


62 










Chloro symmetrical xylenol 


22 










Chlorotoluene 


62,102,144 












142, X 












144. 










4-Chloro-2-tohiidine 


165 - 












8,44,62,X, X 


345, 638 


72, 672 


64,786 


.89 


2-Chloro-4-tnluidine-.'i-sulfonic acid 


62.. 




ChlorofnlvUhiuelvcfillic acid .. 


62, 85, 144 


67, 624 








Chloro-4-xvlolsiiIfii('hl()ride 


85 








p-rhloroxyhithioclveollic acid. 


85 ..:. 










Chroraotropie acid (See l:8-Dihydroxy- 
naphthalene-3:fi-disulfonicacid). 

Cleve's acid (See l-Naphthylamine-6 
and "-sulfonic acid). 













10 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 7.-^— Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 19S9 — Con. 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list on 
p. 58) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 




62 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Cresols: 

Ortho - ... 


22, 179, X 


1, 320, 543 


1, 259, 872 


$132, 491 


$0. 11' 


Meta 


22,X 




Para 


22,209 










Meta-para . 


22, 179 










Ortho-meta-para . 


8,22, 122, 180, 209, X.... 
60 


13, 177, 035 


14, 593, 732 


1, 077, 318 


.07" 






Cresylic acid (refined) 


8,22,122, 179, 180, X..._ 
142 


14, 179, 392 


14, 475, 446 


892, 023 


.06. 








23,144 












X 












142 












142 










Dehy drothio-p-toluidine 

Dehydrothio-p-toluidine sulfonic acid 


62 










44,62,144 

225 


37, 173 
















6,62,85 


124, 587 
59, 099 










62,85,144 

62 


















62 










4"4-Diamino-2:2-dimethyldiphenylmeth- 


62,144 










ane. 
l:8-Diapiino-4:5-dinitroanthraquinone.. 


62 










6,44 












8 












176 












62, 85, 144 












62 










boxy lie acid(dicarboxylic-anthraqui- 
none) . 


44,62 










l:l-Dianthraquinone imine 

l:l-Dianthraquinone Imine diamino 

l"l-Dianthraquinone imine-4:4-diben- 


62, 144 










62,85,144 










62,144 










xoyl diamino. 


62,144 ._ 










zoyi diamino. 
I:l-Dianthraquinone imine dinitro 


62 










85 










l-Diazo-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid 


44,144 










62, 144 












8,62 












62 










13 13-Dibenzanthronyl 


62 










4:5-Dibenzoy]amino-l:l-dianthraquino- 
nylamine. 


85 










209 












62 -. 












62,85 












60 










Dibromodihydroxynaphthalene.- 

Dibromopyranthrone 


X 










62 










36 












44,62,102,142,144,225-, 

62,85,144,165 

62 


140, 455 
47, 749 
















1 :5-D ichloroan thraquinone 

l:8-Dich]oroanthraquinone 

l:8-Dichloroanthraquinone - 4:6 - disul- 
fonie acid. 








62,85 










85 










62 












60,62,71,102,142 

60,62,71, 102, 142, 199.. _ 
44, 62, 144 


4, 998, 203 
15, 796, 756 


4,411,109 
15, 577, 113 


234, 267 
1. 452, 198 


.05 


p-Dichlorohenzene- . 


.09' 






l:8-Dichloro-4:,')-dinitroanthraquinone-- 
2:4-Dichlorophenol 

Dichlorophenylhydrazine sulfonic acid. _ 
Dichlorophenylpyrazolone carboxylic 
acid. 

Dichlorosulfophenylpyrazolone 

Diciilorosulfophenylmetliylpyrazolonc 


62 










142 










165 










165 










44 










62, 165 










X 












142 












62 












85, 144 












62, X . . 










Diethvlaniline 


62,144 











Diethylaniline-m-sulfonic acid 


62, X 










Diethyl-m-toluidine 


X 











SYXTHETIC ORGA^^IC CHEMICALS 11 

Table 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1939 — Con. 





Manufacturers' Iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list on 
p. 58) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Dihydroaminoantliraquinone _. . 


85 


Pounds 


Pounds 






l:4-Dihydroxv anthraquinone (quini- 


6,8,16,62.85,144,236... 
62,85, 144, X 


351,312 
245, 376 








zarin). 
l:5-Dihydroxy anthraquinone (anthra- 








rufin). 
l;8-Dihvdroxy anthraquinone (chrvsa- 


85 








zin). 
p-p-Dihydroxydiphenyldimethylme- 


60 










thane (bis-phenol). 
5:5-Dihvdroxv-7:7-disulfonic-2:2-dinaph- 


62,165 










thylamine (Rhoduline acid). 
5:5-Dihvdroxy-7:7-disulfonic-2:2-dinaph- 


44,62,85,144 


187, 695 








thylurea (J acid urea). 
Dihvdrn.\veth-\Ianiline 


6,85,144 








Dihvdroxvethvl-m-chloroaniline 


6 










Dihvdroxyethyl-m-toluidine. -- 


6 










Dih vdroxyeth vl-3-toluidine 


85 










l:5-Dihydroxynaphthalene 


62,85 










1 : 8 - Dihydroxynaphthalene - 3 : 6 -disul- 


6,44, 82, 144 


133, 025 








fonic acid (chromotropic acid). 
5:5-Dihvdroxy-di-b-naphthvlamine-7:7- 


144 








disulfonic acid (I acid imide). 
2:5-Dimethoxy aniline 


62 










Dimethyianihne ... . 


8,62,65, 144 


4, 159, 348 
99, 019 
148, 787 








Diraethvldianthraauinonyl 


8,62,85, 144 








Dinitroanilinc- .-_ . 


6.8,62, 142 








Dinitroanthraquinone 


62 








4:8-Dinitroanthrarufin 


62 










Dinitroanthrarufin disodium sulfonate. _ 


62,85 










Dinitrobenzene.- . 


8,62,85, 144 


1, 831, 502 








Dinitrobenzene sulfonic acid 


44 








Dinitrochlorobenzene 


8,62,85,142,144 

203 


7, 403, 225 








Dinitro-o-cresol 








Dinitro-o-cvclohex vl phenol 


60 










DinitrodibenzanthronyL._ 


62 










4:8-Dinitro-l:.5-dinitrophenyl ether an- 


62 










thraquinone. 
Dinitrohvdroxvdiphenylaminc -,- 


44,85 










Dinitr(ii)hi'tiol, tech 


62,85, 144 










Dinitrostilbcne disulfonic acid 


62,85, 144 










Dinitrotetramethyldiaminodiphenylme- 


85, 165.... ._ 










thane. 
Dinitrotoluene 


62.144 










Dicxamic acid 85 










Dioxv dibenzanthrone 


62 










Dioxy S acid 


6.62 










Diphenoxy anthraquinone 


6 










l:5-Diphenoxy anthraquinone 


62 










Diphenyl __. 


60, 142 










Diphenyl derivatives: 

p-Amino 


142 










p-Nitro 


142 










Polvchloro- -, ._ _-_ 


142 










Sodium chloro-o-phenylphenate 


60 








Diphenylamine 


60,62 










Diphenyl eiisilon acid - 


62, 144, X 


42, 881 








Dipvrazol dianthrone 


62 








Distilbenediphenol 


144 










Disulfn dicarboxy benzidine 


165 










l:9-Di-p-toluidine anthraquinone _. 


62 










l:4-Di-p-tolvlaminoanthraquinone^ . 


62 










Dodecyl benzene 


142 -. .. . . 










6-Ethoxy-3-hydroxy thionaphthalene - - - 


62 










Ethylaminobenzoate . . 


X... 










Ethyl-o-amino-p-cresol-.. 


62, X 










Ethylanilinc (mono) 


62. 144 










Ethvlbenzene . 


60 










Ethylbenzoyl acetate 


X 










Ethylbenzovl benzoate . 


X 










Ethvlbenzdv! cvclohexvlamine- . 


142 










Ethylbonzv'laiiiHne .. ._ 


62, 144 










Ethylhi'iizxlaniline .sulfonic acid 


44, 62,85, 144 


457, 587 








Ethvlbenzvl-ni-toluidine 


62,144- 








Ethylbenzyl-m-toluidine sulfonic acid.. 


62,85, 144 










Ethyl salicyl carbonate 


60 










Ethvl-o-toluidine.-. - . . ... 


62.. 










Ethyl-o-toluidine-p-sulfonic acid 


62 











252005—40- 



12 



u:nited states tariff commissio:^ 



Table 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1939— 


-Con, 




Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list on 
p. 58) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value- 


Ethyl-m-toluidine 


62, 144 


Pounds 


Pounds 




■ 


Fluorescein 


99, 148 










Fumaric acid .. 


144..- 










Gamma acid. (See 2-Amino-8-naph- 

thol-6-suIfonic acid.) 
H acid. (See l-Amino-8-naphthol-3:6- 

disulfonic acid.) 
Hexachlorobenzeno 


102 










Hexaclilorodiptienvl oxide.- - . . - 


60 










Hexamethylenediamine- .. 


X 










2:1-2: 1-Hydrazine dibromoanthraqui- 


62. 










none. 
Hydroquinone, tech 


X, X 












85 










Hydroquinone dimethyl ether - . 


85 












6, 144 












62 










b-Hydroxy naphthoic acid 

l-Hv(lroxy-4-Ditroanthraquinone ._. 


62,85, 144, X 

62 


982, 426 


704, 488 


$^7, 451 


$0. 98i- 


p-Hydroxyphenyl arsonie acid 


1 










Indo])henol (blue and green) . . . 


62, 144 










Isatin 


144 












62 - - 










acid. 
Iso resinduline _ .... 


62 










Iso violanthrone 


6, 62. 










Laurent's acid (Seel-Naphthylamine- 












5-SMlfonic acid) . 
Lead trinitroresorcinale (lead styph- 


X 










nale). 


62 










none. _ 


62 












6,62,144 


38, 878 
2, 227, 613 










7, 142, 144 


2, 410, 738 


586, 656 


.2* 




144 




Metanilic acid 


8, 44,62, 144, X 












62 . 










Methvlaminoanthraquinone 


85 










4-M e t hyl-4-aminodiphenylamine-2-sii]- 


144 










fonic acid. 


S, 62, 144 












144 . 










Methylcvclohexylamine 


142 










o-Methyleyclohexylamine 


X 










2-Mcthyl quinoline (quinaldine) 


22, 144, X 












X 










Michler's hydrol. (See Tetramethyldi- 

aminobenz hydrol.) 
Michler's ketone. (See Tetramethyldi- 

aminobeuzophenone.) 
Naphthalene, solidifying 79° C. or 

above (reflned, flake). 


8, 22, 62, 179, 194, 232, 
X, X. 


59, 465, 247 

31, 704, 522 

27, 760, 725 

363, 997 


35, 499, 488 


1,899,254 


.05 














44, 62, 85, 144 










85 










85 












62, 144, X 












85 












144 










Naplithalene-b-thioglycollic acid --- 

Naphthalene-1 :3:6-trisulfonic acid 

Naphthionic acid. (See 1-Naphthyl- 

amine-4-sulfonic acid.) 
a-Naphthol 


62, 85 










85 . 










44,62,85. 144 


757, 747 


426, 356 


218, 353 


.51 




44, 144 






8, 144, X 










l-Kai)hthol-8-ch)oro-3:6-disulfonic acid 

(cliloro Jl acid). 
l-N;i|ihthol-4-<;ulfonic acid (Nevile & 

■Wintli'T's acid). 


144 










44, 62, 144 


219, 310 
166, 704 








44,62, 85, 144 










62 








2-Naphthol-C-sulfonic acid (Schaeffer's 
acid). 


8,44,62,85,144 

44,62, X 


185,004 
66, 807 


42, 913 
27, 237 


20,157 
30, 793 


.47 
1.13- 


2-Naphthol-8-sulfonic acid 


44 





SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 13 

Table 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1939 — Con. 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list on 
p. 58) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


2-Naphthol-3:6-disulfoiiic acid . 


44, 62, 85, 144, X. 

44,62,85, 144 


Pounds 

601, 098 
1, 102, 116 


Pounds 
184, 765 


$92, 635 


$0.50 


2-Naphthol-6:8-disulfonic acid 


Naphthsulton disulfonic acid 1:8:3:6 


44 








a-Naphtbvlamine ._ ___ 


62,85, 144 --. 










a-Naphthylamine disulfonic acid . 


62 










b-Naph thylamine 


8,62, 144 










l-Naphthylamine-2-sulfonic acid (o- 


62, X 










naphthionicacid). 
l-Naphtliylamine-4-siilfonic acid (naph- 


6,44,62, 144.. 










thionic acid). 
l-Naplithylamine-5-sulfonic acid 


8,44,62,85, 144 

62, 144 


133, 709 








(Laurent's acid). 
1-Nai)iith vlamine-6-su!fonic acid 








l-Naphthylamine-6 and 7-sulfonic acid 


8,44,62,85 


245, 577 








(Cleve's acid). 
l-Naplitliylamine-7-sulfonic acid 


44,62, 144 








]-Naphthylamine-8-su!fonic acid 


8,44,62,85, 144 

44,62, 144 


303. 811 
67, 882 

398, 827 
4, 738, 923 
1, 354, 206 








l-Naphthylaminp-3:8-disulfonic acid 








l-Naphthylamine-4-8-disulfonic acid 


44,62, 144 








l-Naphthylamine-3:6:8-trisulfonic acid 


62,85,144 








2-Naphtiiylamine -1-sulfonic acid 

(Tobias acid). 
2-Napiitliylamine 6-sulfonic acid 


8, 44, 62, 99, X, X 

44, 144, X -- 


699, 631 


386, 963 


.55, 


(Broenner's acid). 
2-Naphthvlamine-3:6-disulfonic acid 


44,144 










2-Naphtlivlamine-4:8-disulfonicacid 


44,62,85,144 


169, 794 
1, 125, 887 
1, 450, 950 








2-Napiithvlamine-5:7-disulfonic acid__ ^ 


44,62,85,144 








2-Naphthylamine-6:8-disulfonic acid- .. 


44,62,144 






"~ 


2-Naphthylamine-2:3:6-trisulfonicacid.- 


144 








l-NaphthyIamino-2-carboxylic acid an- 


62,144 










thraquinone. 
p-Nitroacetanilide. 


44,85 










3-Nitro-4-aminoanisole 


144 










4-Nitro-2-aminoanisole 


62,144 










5-Nitro-2-aminoanisole 


62 










Nitroaminophenol- 


8,44,144 










p-Nitro-o-aminophenol . 


62,85 










4-Nilio-4-amino-2-sulfodiphenylamine.- 


144 










o-Nitroaniline . . , 


142 










m^Nitroaniline -- 


8,44,62,144,225 

6,142.228 


129, 442 


94, 844 


59, 876 


63' 


p-Nitroaniline- _-_ -- 




p-Nitroaniline sulfonic acid 


8,44,62 


58, 801 








m-Nitro-p-anisidine - 


62,144 










6,62,85,144. 


62, 461 








3-Nil:ro-4-anisidine- 


85... 








5-Nitro-2-anisidiiie- 


85 - 










o-Nitroanisole - 


62,142 










p-Niti"oanisole 


62,144 










Nitrobenzene . .- 


8, 62, 85, 144, 165, X 

44,62,85,144 

44 


57, 256, 976 
273, 150 








Nitrobenzene sulfonic acid 








Nitrobenzene-2:.5-disulfonic acid _ 








6-Nitrobenzimidazole 


X 










ni-Nitrobenzoic acid 


62 










p-Nitrobenzoic acid 


62.. 










m -N it robenzovl ch loride 


62,102 










p-Ni 1 robenzovl chloride 


62, 102, X... 










p-Nitrobenzovl J acid 


62,85 










3-Nitrobenzovl-3-nitroaniline 


85 










m-Nitrobenzovl sulfonic acid. 


6 ._ 










Nitrobutyrylaminodiethyl hydroqui- 


165 










none. 
O-Nitrochlorobenzene 


62,142. 










o-Nit rochlorobenzene sulfonic acid 


44 










o-Nitrochlorobenzene-p-sulfonic acid 


144 




• 






m-Nitrochlorobenzene 


62,142 










p-Nitrochlorobenzene - - 


62,142 










p-Nitrochlorobenzene-o-sulfonic acid 


6,44,62,144 


201, 292 








2-Ni tro-4-ehlorotoluene 


144 _ 








m -N i trocresol 


1,62 










m-Nitro-p-cresol . .- - . 


44 










8-Ni(ro-l-diazo-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic 


85, 144. 










acid. 
Ni tro-p-dichlorobenzene 


44, 142, 144, 225 










Nitrodiphenvl ether 


165 










3-Nitro-4-hvdroxv-l-phenvl arsenic acid. 


1 










Nitronaphthalene 


62,85,144 











14 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales 


, 19S9— 


Con. 


Name of intermediate 


Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list on 
p. 58) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Quantity 


"Value 


Unit 
value 


l-Nitronaphthalene-8-sulfonic acid 


85 


Pounds 


Pounds 






2-Nitronaphthalene-4:8-disulfoiiic acid.- 


44,85,144 

85 


94, 799 








1-Nitronaphthalene trisulfonic acid 










62 












62, 225, X 












62, 142, 225 












165 










Nitrophenyl pyrazolone carboxylic acid. 


165 _ - _ 










85 












6,85,144 










Nitrosoethvlbenzylaniline -. -- 


85 












X 












8,20,44,62,85,144,234. 
62,144 


386, 173 


















62,85,144 












6,44 












62,144 












62,144 












44,62,85,144 


967, 747 










1 










8, 62, 99, X, X, X 

8, 62 


785, 535 


722, 026 


$872, 904 


$1.21 






5-Nitro-2-toluidine 


165 












44, 62, 144 












62,85, 144 












62, 144 












62,85, 144 










Oxydichlorobenzoyl benzoic acid 


144 










62, 85, 144 












102 










Pentachlorophenol and sodium salt 


60, 142 










62, 142 












62, 142, X 












8, 22, 60, 122, 142, 179, 

180, X. 
6, 44, 62, 85, 144, 165, 

X. 
6, 44, 62, 85, 144, 165, 

X. 
X 


68,577,421 

88, 509 
20, 701 


59, 857, 139 


6,111,442 


.10 


Phenyl - 2-amino - 5 - naphthol-7-sulfonic 

acid (phenyl J acid). 
Phenyl -2-amino - 8 - naphthol-6 - sulfonic 

acid (phenyl gamma acid). 


















36 












36 












25, X 












1, 25, X 










6,8,44,62, 144, 172._-_ 
44, 62, 85, 144 


783, 004 
81,090 








m-Phenylenediamine sulfonic acid 








8, 228 








p-Phenylenediamine sulfonic acid 


44, 85 










62 












60, 62, 144 


5, 420, 072 








Phenylhydrazine and hydrochloride 


60, 69, 182 








85 










Phenylhydrazine-p-sulfonic acid 

Phenyl malonic diethyl ester 

Phenylmethylpyrazolone 

l-Phenyl-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone (devel- 
oper Z). 
Phcnyl-l-naphthylamine-8-sulfonic acid. 


85, 165, 206 










1 










6, 8, 60, 62, 85, 165, X 










62, 165 










8, 62, 85, 144 


299, 978 








60 










60 .. 












62, X -- 










Phthalic acid and anhydride 


7, 22, 62, 142, 144 

62 


44, 274, 430 


20, 380, 004 


2, 786, 372 


.14 




142 












22, 179 












8, 62, 144 


140, 132 


81, 986 


53, 868 


.66 




62, 102, 142 






44,85,144 












85, 161 












X 












62 












6 












179 










Quinaldine (See 2-Methyl quinoline). 

Quinaldine yellow, base 

Quinoline 


144 










22 










X 












85 












62, X 










Rhoduline acid (See 5:5-Dihydroxy-7:7- 
disulfonic-2:2-dinaphthylamine). 













SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 15 

Table 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales, 1939 — Con. 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list on 
p. 58) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Xame of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Salicylic acid, tech__ 


60,62 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Salicylic anilide (Shirlan) 


62-. 










Schaeffer's acid (see 2-Naphthol-6-sul- 

fonicacid). 
Silver salt (see Anthraquinone-2-sodi- 

um sulfonate) . 
Sodium 2-bromo-4-phenylphenate- -_ . 


60 - 










Sodium naphthionate. -.- 


62 










Sodium pentachlorophenate - 


60 










Sodium tetrachlorophenate 


60 










Sodium trichlorophenate 


60 










Succinic acid and anhydride 


144, X 










Sulfanilic acid and salt 


6, 8, 44, 62, 144 


1,878,982 








o-Sulfobenzaldehyde - - - 


62, 144 








p-Sulfo-o-benzoyl benzoic acid (sulfo BB 


62 










acid.) 
Sulfophenvlmethylpvrazolone 


62 










Sulfophenylmethylpyrazclone carbox- 


165 










ylic acid. 
Tetraaminoditolylmethane .. 


144 










1 :8:4:5-Te trachloroanthraquinone. 


62,85,144 










Tetrachloro benzene. . _-_ 


102 










Tetraethyldiaminobenzophenone (ethyl 


62,144 










ketone). 
Tetramethyldiaminobenzhydrol (Mich- 


62,85 - 










ler's hydro]). 
Tetramethyldia mlnobenzophenone 


62,85,144-.- 










(Michler's ketone). 
Tetramethyldiaminodiphenylmethane 


8, 62, 85, 144, X 


856, 956 








Tetramethyldiaminodiphenylmethane 


144- 








sulfonate. 
Thioaniline - .. -- 


8,62,144. 










Thioaniline disulfonicacid-- 


144 










Tolazine, base.- 


144 










Tolidine and salts .- 


44,62,69,144 


248, 119 








Tolidine disulfonic acid 


6,165 








o-Toluene sulfamide. 


142 










p-Toluene sulfamide 


142 










p-Toluene sulfocbloride 


142--. 










p-Toluene sulfonic acid 


142, X 










p-Toluene .sulfonic acid ethyl ester 


225 










Toluidine. - - 


8 










Toluidine disulfonic acid 


44 










o-Toluidine ..- 


8,62,85,144. 










o-Toluidine omega sulfonic acid 


6,144 










o-Toluidine sulfonic acid 


8,62,85,144 


118, 355 








o-Toluidine-m-sulfonicacid - 


165 - 








m-Toluidine 


62 










p-Toluidine 


62,85,144 










p-Toluidine sulfonic acid .. 


44,62,85,144 

8,62,85,144 


67, 227 

308, 108 

1, 089, 446 








p-Tolyl-o-benzoic acid 








m-Tolylenediamine 


8,44,62,85,144- 


323,817 


$211, 418 


$0.65 


m-Tolylenediamine sulfonic acid 


144 




p-Tolylenediamine-- 


8 










p-Tolylenediamine sulfate - 


8 










Tolyl-l-naphthylamine-8-sulfonic acid 


8,62,85,144 


58,558 








(tolyl peri acid). 
Tribromophenol . . 


60 








Trichloro benzene ..- . 


60,102,142 


1, 153, 723 


1, 225, 691 


89,264 


.07 


Trichlorophenoxy ethoxy ethyl chloride 


60 -. 




Trinitrophenol . 


62,144 










2:4:6-Trinitroresorcin (styphnic acid) 


X 










l:2:4-Trioxyanthraquinone 


85 










Vinyl benzene (styrene) 


60 










m-Xylene 


X 










Xylenols. . _ 


8, 22, 179, 180 










Xylidine and salt ._- 


44,62,144 










m-Xylidine 


62 144 










m-Xvlidine acetate 


144 










m-Xylidine sulfonic acid- _ 


62,144 










Xylidine, ortho and para 


8,144 










Xylyl disulfide 


102 










Other intermediates..- ... 


1,62, X . 






















Total intermediates: 

For which individual statis- 




383, 889, 962 


190, 957, 265 


20. 149. 628 


.11 


tics are shown. 
For which individual statis- 




223, 285, 331 


78,126,386 18,339,722 


.23 


tics cannot be shown. 






Grand total 


607, 175, 293 


269,083,651 


38, 489, 350 


.14 



16 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



COAL-TAR DYES 

The production of 120,191,000 pounds of coal-tar dyes in 1939 was 
47 percent more than in the preceding year. Sales were 30 percent by 
quantity and 32 percent by value above those in 1938. Since sales 
in 1938 were in considerable part from inventories, the increase shown 
for production in 1939 is much greater than that for sales. A decided 
betterment in export trade, particularly during the last quarter, 
contributed to the improvement in sales. After satisfying the 
American market, dye producers had a considerable surplus for export. 
The quantity exported was limited largely by plant capacity. 

Unclassified ^ dyes constituted 17 percent of sales quantity and 32 per- 
cent of sales value of all dyes in 1939, as compared with 16 percent and 
32 percent, respectively, in 1938. Sales of the bulk color, synthetic 
indigo, decreased somewhat in value, but increased slightlv in quan- 
tity, from 11,738,000 pounds m 1938 to 11,950,000 pounds in 1939. 
The average value per pound of all dyes sold was $0.60 in 1938 and 
^0.61 in 1939. A continuation of the steady trend toward a greater 
production of the higher priced dyes, especially vats and azoics, 
more than offset a reduction of 1 cent per pound on synthetic indigo 
iind decreased unit values in the groups of acetate silk dyes and azoic 
dyes. Research resulted in the development of a number of new dyes 
in 1939. 

Production and sales of dyes by classes of application are shown 
in table 8; and of individual dyes, grouped, as far as practicable by 
chemical classes, in table 9. Totals of chemical classes that can be 
shown without revealing confidential information are given. 

Table 8. — Comparison of United States production and sales of dyes, by classes of 
application, average 1925-30, annual 1938 and 1939 



Class of application 



Production 



Quantity 



Average 
1925-30 



1938 



1939 



Percent of total 



Average 
1925-30 



1938 



1939 



Acetate silk. 

Acid— 

Azoic 

Basic 

Direct 

Lake and spirit-soluble 
Mordant and chrome.. 

Sulfur 

Vat, total.... 

(a) Indigo 

(6) other 

Unclassified 

Total.. 



> Not shown separately during 1925-30. 



Pounds 

(') 

11,813,941 

0) 

4, 833, 382 

17,983,751 

1,947,124 

3, 611, 608 

20, 004, 635 

33,221,072 

27, 128, 311 

6, 092, 761 

587, 657 



Pounds 

2,072,375 

11, 699, 020 

2, 687, 725 

4, 473, 033 

21,060,655 

2, 284, 620 

3, 058, 926 

11,459,927 

22, 346, 618 

11, 000, 829 

11,345,789 

615,949 



Pounds 
2, 584, 873 

17, 700, 432 
3,317,761 
6, 415, 693 

31, 438, 399 
3, 304, 687 
5, 236, 683 

18, 650, 898 
30, 034, 981 
12, 474, 777 
17, 560, 204 

1,506,281 



12.6 



5.1 

19.1 

2.1 

3.8 

21.3 



2.5 
14.3 
3.3 
5.5 
25.8 
2.8 
3.7 
14.0 



28.9 

6.5 

.6 



94,003,170 



81,758,848 



120,190,688 



100.0 



100.0 



1 Not classified according to Colour Index numbers. 



2.2 
14.7 
2.8 
5.3 
26.2 
2.7 
4.4 
15.5 



10.4 
14.6 
1.2 



100.0 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



17 



'Table 8. — Comparison of United States production and sales of dyes, by classes of 
application, average 1935-30, aruiual 1938 and 1939 — Continued 



Class of application 


Sales 




Quantity 




Percent of total 




Pounds 

(') 

11, 699, 667 

(0 

4, 709, 926 
17, 580, 927 

1, 896, 821 

3, 558, 732 

19, 810, 565 

32,429,018 

27.111,575 

5, 317, 443 
521,625 


Pounds 
2, 029, 625 

12,416,001 
2, 591, 306 
4, 417, 627 

21,967,120 

2, 339, 341 

3, 452, 169 
12, 855, 450 
25, 031, 204 
11, 738, 149 
13,293,055 

702, 991 


Pounds 

2, 402, 148 

17,062,522 

3, 144, 736 

5, 975, 859 

30, 421, 364 

3, 278, 102 

5, 325, 074 

17, 310, 556 

28, 135, 476 

11,949,582 

16, 185, 894 

1,438,131 




2.3 

14.1 
3.0 
6.0 

25.0 
2.7 
3.9 

14.7 


2.1 


Acid - -. 

Azoic - 


12.7 


14.9 
2.7 


Basic 


5.1 

19.1 

2.1 

3.8 

21.5 


5.2 
26.6 


Lake and spirit-soluble 


2.9 


Mordant and chrome -- 


4.7 


Sulfur . 


15.1 


Vat, total 




(a) Indigo -- 


29.4 

5.8 

.5 


13.4 

15.1 

.8 


10.4 


(6) Other 


14.1 


Unclassified _. 


1.3 






Total 


92, 207, 281 


87, 802, 834 


114.493.968 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 





Sales 


• Class of application 


Value 


Percent of total 




Average 
1925-30 


1938 


1939 


Average 
1925-30 


1938 


1939 


Acetate silk.. 


(') 

$8,651,526 

(0 

3, 977, 258 

9, 076, 783 

1,681,736 

2, 212, 390 

3, 928, 982 

9,114,973 

3, 741, 314 

5, 373, 659 

784, 604 


$2, 001, 844 
9, 841, 787 
4, 151, 107 
4,152,496 

11,968,976 
1,766,708 
1,727,669 
3,215,621 

13, 578, 125 
1, 849, 621 

11, 728, 504 
691, 230 


$2, 210. 758 
13, 295, 598 

4, 707, 546 

5, 593, 109 
16,649,109 

2, 298, 367 
2, 664, 749 
4, 656, 536 

16, 789, 372 
1,842,718 

14, 946, 654 
1, 358, 457 




3.8 
18.5 
7.8 
7.8 
22.5 
3.3 
3.3 
6.1 


3.2 


Acid 


21.9 


18.9 


Azoic -. 


6.7 


Basic. .- 


10.1 
23.0 
4.3 
5.6 
10.0 


8.0 


Direct 


23.7 


l»ake and spirit-soluble 


3.3 


Mordant and chrome 


3.8 


Sulfur 


6.6 


Vat, total 




(a) Indigo.. 


9.5 
13.6 
2.0 


3.5 

22.1 

1.3 


2.6 


(6) Other 


21.3 


Unclassified 


1.9 






Total 


39, 428, 252 


53,095,563 


70,223,601 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 



' Not shown separately during 1925-30. 



Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, 1939 

IThe numbers in the third column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on page 
68. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number 
with the designated product. Blanks in the fourth, fifth, and sixth columns indicate that the statistics 
of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information with regard to individual firms. 
The figures thus concealed, however, are included in the total] 



Col- 
our 


Name of dye 


Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 58) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


In- 
dex 

No. 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


•) 


Classified Dyes 

NITROSO DYE3 


85 


Pounds 


Pounds 






5 




8 










10 


KITRO DYES 


8,44 144 










16 


A7.0 DYE3 

Monoazo dyes 


6,85 










17 


Spirit yellow R . . . . 


0,8,54,79,85,144 

6,8,54,79,85,144 

8,54,85. 144 


53,733 
31, 748 


49,616 
34, 215 


$39,954 
22,587 


$6.81 


19 


Butter vellow 


.60 


20 






21 


Chrysoidine R .. ....-- 


8,85,144 


179,925 


121,616 


40. 810 


.34 


23 




64 




124 


Sudan I 


6,8,54,62,85,144 


332, 7i3 


338,368 


158,649 


.47 



18 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production 


and sales 


, by types 


, 1939— 


Con. 


Col- 
our 


Name of dye 


Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 58) 


Produc- - 
tion 


Sales 


In- 
dex 

No. 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


26 


Classified Byes — Continued 

Azo DYES— continued 
Mouoazo dyes— Continued 


44,144 


Pounds 


Pounds 






27 




8,44,62,85,144 

144 


184, 500 


179, 517 


$84, 377 


$0. 47" 


29 






30 




6,144 










31 


Amido naphthol red G - - - 


6,8,44,62,85,144 

6,8,44,85 


475, 277 
86, 460 
84, 246 
24, 012 
90, 767 


462, 995 

116,348 

72, 463 

21, 493 

93, 554 


152, 695 
50, 889 
39, 915 
9,080 
58, 755 


.33 


36 




.44 


40 




6,8,44,85 


.55 


52 




6,44,85 


.42 


53 




8,44,62,85,144 

X 


.63 


54 






56 




44,144 










57 




6,8,44,62,85,144 

197 


447, 108 


436, 384 


172, 238 


.39 


69 






73 




6,8,54,79,85,144 










79 


Ponceau 2R .. -- 


8, 44,62,85, 144, 148.- _ 
62,85 . 


380, 964 


373, 656 


151, 172 


.40 


84 






88 




8,44,85,144 


152, 250 


137, 049 


62, 853 


.46 


90 




62 




98 




8,44,85 . 










99 




85 










101 




8, 172, X 










105 




62 










110 




85 










113 




79 










114 




62,85 










119 




62 










122 




44 










126 


Direct pink E2GN 


62 










128 




85,144 










130 


Direct pink EBN 


62 










138 


Metanil yellow . . 


6,44,62,85,144 

62 


423, 976 


445, 307 


237, 465 


.53- 


142 






145 




85 










146 




6,85,144 


62,000 


70,971 


41, 676 


.59 


148 




8,85,144 




151 


Orange II . _ -. 


8,44,85,99,144,148... 
8,44,62,144 


1, 446, 763 
233, 028 


i, 398, 618 
251, 071 


379, 106 
72,744 


.27 


161 




.29 


163 




44,62,144 




165 


Lake red C (100 percent) 


8,62 










167 




144 










168 




44, 144__. 










169 




44,85,144 


13, 431 


15,600 


11, 560 


.74 


170 


Chrome black PV 


85,144 




172 




85 










175 




85 










176 


Fast red A . 


8,44,62,85,144 

6,44,62,85,144 

8,44,85,144 


169,804 
169, 698 
194, 355 


145, 372 
172, 338 
176, 061 


69, 340 
87, 971 
91, 836 


.48 


179 


Azo rubine - -. 


.51 


180 


Fast red VR ._ 


.52 


183 




44 




184 




6,44,144 


48,341 


40,250 
73, 974 


19, 581 
33,481 


.49 


185 




8,44,85,144 


.45 


189 


Lake red R (100 percent) 


197 






195 




44,85,144 




22, 796 


10, 212 


.45 


197 




6,44,144 






201 




44,85,144 










202 


Chrome blue black U 


44,62,85,144 

44,62,85, 144_.. 


1,700,360 

660, 724 

144, 243 

127,533 

47, 980 


1, 729, 643 


483, 275 


.2S 


203 


Chrome black T 




204 


Chrome black A 


44,85,144,172 

8,62,144 


160, 246 
118,314 
37, 849 


67, 508 
60, 130 
24, 346 


.42 


208 




.51 


209 




62,85,144 


.64 


214 


Lake red D (100 percent) 


197 ... 




216 


Chrome red B . .. 


8,44,62,85,144 

62,85, X.. .- 


93, 758 


78,230 


39, 195 


.50 


219 






225 




62 










234 


Disazo dyes 


6,8,44,62,85,144,235 
6,8,44,54,85,144,235 
62 


404, 828 
125, 756 


346, 870 
125, 602 


175, 737 
85, 540 


.51 


235 


Rcsorcin dark brown 


.68 


238 






246 


Acid black lOB 


6, 8, 44, 62, 85, 144, 235. 
44,54,62 


2,190,688 


1, 992, 899 


751, 530 


.38 


247 








Cloth red R 

Brilliant croceine -. 

Cloth red 3Q 


44 










252 
256 


8,44,62,85,144 

8,62 


371,270 


404, 898 


306,797 


.76 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



19 



Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by type 


s, 1939- 


-Con. 


Col- 
our 


Name of dye 


Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (according 
to list on p. 58) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


In- 
dex 

No. 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


258 


Classified Dyes — Continued 

Azo DYES— continued 

Disazo dyes— Continued 
Sudan IV 


44,54,62,79,85,144... 


Pounds 


Pounds 






262 


Cloth red 2B 


6,44,85,144 

62, X 


81,616 


79, 41 i 


$45, 288 


$0.57 


267 


Neutral gray G 

Milling orange G 

Cloth scarlet G 




274 


6,8,44,85 


28, 168 


30,811 

4,811 

188, 690 

27,084 

72, 906 

481, 226 


15, 095 

4,551 

388, 559 

27, 057 
45, 279 
272, 157 


.49 


275 


6,8,44,62,235 


.95 


278 


Direct fast red 8BL . . 


6, 8, 27, 62, 85, 144, 

165, 235, X. 
6,85,144 


170,032 

31, 402 

76, 595 

539,0.32 


2.06 


280 


Scarlet EC 

Fast cyanine G. 

Fast cyanine 5R 

Naphthalene acid black 4B 

Acid black B 

Chrome black F .. 


1.00 


288 
289 
290 


8,85, 144, X 

8, 62, 85, 144, X 

85 


.62 
.57 


294 


144 










299 


44,62,85,144 




175, 763 


81,375 


.46 


302 


Chrome blue green B 

Fast acid black N2B 


8,62 






304 


44,62,85 










306 


Fast acid black F 

Fast cvanine black B. _ 


85 










307 


8, 62, 85, 144, X 

85 


165,025 


170,982 


111,106 


.65 


308 


Naphthylamine black D 

Developed blue NA 

Developed blue B _ 




316 


44,62,85,144 

44,62,85,144 


234,738 








317 








319 


Direct fast heliotrope 2B 

Developed brilliant orange GR 

Diamine brilliant violet B 


62,85 










324 


62, 85, 165, X . . 










325 


6,85 










326 


Direct fast scarlet, _ . - 


44, 62, 85, 144, X 

44,85 


543, 425 


590, 429 


626, 559 


1.06 


327 


Direct fast scarlet 4BS 




331 


Bismarck brown 

Bismarck brown 2R . 


8,62,85,144 


114, 030 
846, 785 


86,305 
824, 511 


30, 094 
307,644 


.35 


332 


8,44,62,85,144 

85 . . . 


.37 


336 


Acid chrome black F 

Chrome fast vellow C 




343 


8 










346 


Direct fast vellow 5QL 


8,62,85 










349 


Benzo fast yellow 4GL 

Direct fast pink 2BL 


X 










353 


8, 62,85, 144 


53, 937 
236,229 


32, 767 
226, 641 


58, 970 
170,071 


1.80 


364 


Paper yellow 

Chrvsophenine G 


8, 62, 85, 144 


.75 


365 


62, 85, 144 . 




370 




62, 144 










374 


Direct orange TA 


144 










375 


Congo corinth G 


6, 8, 44, 62, 85, 144, 

235. 
44, X 


405, 599 


361, 123 


234, 779 


.65 


376 


Direct rubine 

Direct scarlet B 




382 


6,8,44,85,144,235,X. 
44 


179,385 


195, 864 


174, 367 


.89 


385 


Direct violet.. 




387 


Direct violet B 


44, 62, 144 










394 
395 


Direct violet N 

Developed black R0_. 


6,8,44,62,85, 144... 
6... 


118, 910 


108, 342 


98, 200 


.91 


401 


Developed black BHN 


6, 8, 44, 62, 85, 144, 

235. 
144 


2, 308, 990 


2, 367, 172 


768, 918 


.32 


405 


Direct cyanine R 

Direct blue 2B 




406 


6, 8, 44, 54, 62, 85, 

144, 235. 
62 


1, 035, 626 


1, 172, 448 


236, 579 


.20 


409 






410 


Chrysamine G 

Cresotine yellow G 

Direct orange R 


62 ... 










411 


44, 144, 235 










415 


44, 62, 85 










419 


Direct fast red F 


6, 8, 27, 44, 62, 85, 

144, 235. 
6, 8, 44, 62, 85, 144, 

235. 
8, 235 .. 


444, 089 
566, 046 


398, 342 
501, 936 


254, 722 
236,469 


.64 


420 


Direct brown M 


.47 


423 






430 


Polar red C 


44,62,85, 144, X, X. 
62 










431 












436 


Direct brilliant red 8B. 

Chrome fast yellow RD 

Milling red 2G 

Direct orange RT 


44 










441 


85 










443 


6, 44 










446 


6, 144 










448 


Benzopurpurine 4B 


44, 62, 144 


732, 410 


733,664 


371, 925 


.61 


464 


62 




468 


Direct mauve B 


144 










471 


Direct blue 3R 


44, 144 










472 


Direct blue BX. 


44, 62, 144.. 


20,663 


18,930 
145, 144 


6,698 
37, 507 


.35 


477 


Direct blue 3B 


44, 54, 62, 144 


.26 


478 


Direct orange O 


6, 44, 144 






487 


Acid milling red B 


6,8,44,85, 165, X... 
44, 62, 144 

6, 44, 62, 85, 144, 235. 


60,292 
43,806 


57, a38 
33. 592 


47, 527 
28.877 
94,729 


.83 


495 


Benzopurpurine lOB . 


.86 


502 


Direct azurine Q 


175,701' 170,333 


.56 



20 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSIOlSr 



Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United Stales production and sales, by types, 1939— 


-Con. 


Col- 
our 


Name of dye 


Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 58) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


In- 
dex 

No. 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


SOS 


Classified Z)j»es— Continued 

Azo DYES — continued 

Disazo dyes— Continued 

Direct brilliant blue G 


62 


Pounds 


Pounds 






612 


Direct blue RW 


6, 44, 62, 85, 144 

144 


136, 555 


143, 037 


$110, 217 


$0.7r 


615 


Direct blue B 


616 


Chicago blue B. 


85 










618 


Direct pure blue 6B 


6,44,62,85, 144 

8, 44, 62, 85, 144 

6, 44, 62 


648, 750 
109, 269 


600, 294 
94, 103 


472, 278 
46,091 


.79' 


.WO 


Trisazo dyes 
Direct pure blue 


.49- 


633 


Direct fast blue FR 




634 


Naphthogene blue 4R... 


85 










.639 


Direct fast black FF 


8,44,62,86, 144 

85 


419, 496 


356, 926 


171,395 


.48- 


644 


Pluto black 5BS 




66? 


Diazo black RS 


62, 144 










661 


Direct brown BT. . 


6, 27, 62, 85, 144, 165, 

235, X. 
44 


155, 089 


192, 361 


232, 208 


1.21' 


.667 


Direct fast blue R.. 




676 


Direct fast blue B . 


44,62, 144 










677 


Direct brown T2G 


8 










.681 


Direct black EW 


8,44, 62,85, 144,235. 
8,44,62,85, 144,235. 
6, 8, 44, 62, 85, 144, 

235 
8, 44,'62, 8.M44, 235. 
62.... 


8, 750, 343 
857, 953 
222, Oil 

167, 493 


8,465.150 
741, 087 
186, 350 

175, 489 


2, 031, 443 

202, 947 

66, 587 

61,397 


.24 


.68? 


Direct black RX._. 


.27 


683 


Direct green ET 


.36 


.689 


Chloramine green B . 


.29- 


690 


Direct steel blue Q 




693 


Direct green B. 


6, 8, 44, 62, 85, 144, 

172, 235. 
8,44,62, 144,235 

85 


819, 676 
102, 794 


756, 163 
107, 553 


260,462 
43, 512 


.34 


694 


Direct green Q 


.40' 


696 


Direct olive G 




696 


Direct brown 3G0 


6, 8, 44, 62, 85, 144, 
235. 

6,44,62,85,144 

62 


1, 013, 873 
143, 779 


928, 208 
146, 252 


302, 332 
68,743 


.3$^ 


698 


Congo brown G 


.47' 


601 


Congo brown R . 




606 


Tetrakisazo dyes 
Direct brown G.. 


8,85,235. 












Total classified azo dyes - . 














39, 493, 294 
13, 820, 165 


38, 300, 354 
13, 167, 898 


16, 650, 980 
14, 096, 081 


.43' 




Total unclassified azo dyes... 




1.07 




Total azo dyes 








53, 313, 459 


51, 468, 252 


30, 747, 061 


.60' 




STILBENE DYES 

Direct yellow R 


8,44.55,62.85,144.... 

8,44,62,8.6,144 

8,62,85- 




620 


345, 036 
143, 176 


367, 698 
145, 437 


184, 618 
96, 166 


.50- 


621 


Chloramine orange G 


.66 


622 


Stilbene yellow 




628 


Diphenvl catechine Q 


144.... 










631 


Direct chrysoine G 


44 










636 


PYRAZOLONE DYES 

Fast light yellow 2G-- 


6,62,85,144,165 










639 


Fast light yellow... 


6, 27, 44, 62, 85, 144, 

165, X. 
6,8,85,99.144,165.... 
85 . .- ... 


298, 105 
616, 841 


315, 004 
647, 298 


269, 445 
433, 486 


.86- 


640 


Tartrazine 


.67" 


661 






652 


Chrome red B 


8,44,62.85, 144, X.... 
6,144,165 


205,784 


210, 257 


179, 876 


.86» 


653 


Pyrazol orange G 




654 


Developed fast yellow 2Q . ... 


62 












Total pyrazolone dyes ' 














1, 259, 721 


1, 304, 386 


1, 064, 570 


,82r 




KETONIMINE DYES 

Auramine 


8, 62, 144, X 




655 


1, 008, 364 


931, 634 


814, 074 


.87- 



Includes unclassified dyes of this group. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



21 



Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, 1939 — Con. 



Name of dye 



Classified Jii/f*— Continued 

TRIPHENYLMETHANE AND DIPHENTL- 
NAPHTHYLMETUANE DYES 

Malachite green 

Rhoduline blue 6Q 

Brilliant green 

Setocyanine 

Acid green B 

Fast acid green B 

Acid light green. 

Acid glaucine blue 

Para fuchsine 

Magenta 

Methyl violet and base. 

Crystal violet... 

Ethyl violet 

Spirit blue2B.__ 

Fast green bluish 

Fast acid violet lOB 

Acid violet 

\cUl fast violet BG 

Alkali blue 6B 

Methyl blue 

Methvl cotton blue 

Soluble blue 

Patent blue 

Patent blue A 

Eriochrome azurol B 

Eriochrome cyanine R 

Aurine 

Victoria blue R 

Victoria blue B 

Naphthalene green V 

Wool green S 

Total triphenylmethane and 
diphenylnaphthylmethane 
dyes.i 

XANTHENE DYES 



Rhodamine B. 

Rhodamine B cone 

Rhodamine 6Q cone 

Fast acid violet A2R 

Uranine 

Eosine 

Tetrabromofluorescein 
acid) . 

Erythrosine 

Erythrosine B 

Phloxine B 

Rose bengale 

Rose bengale B 



(bromo 



Total xanthene dyes. 



ACRIDINE DYES 



Acridine orange A. 

Phosphine 

Phosphine2G 

Euchrysine 



QUINOUNE DYES 



Quinoline yellow 

Quinoline yellow KT. 



THIAZOLE DYES 



Primuline , 

Direct pure yellow M. 

Direct fast yellow , 

Thioflavine T. 



Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 58) 



8. 65, 144, X. 

85,144 

8,65, X 

85 



8,44,62,85,144 

8,85,144 

62,85 

62,85,144 

8, 148, X 

8, 148, X 

8, 62, 65, 85, 101, 144, 
X. 

62,65,85,144 

62,85 

85 



6 

62, X 

8, 44, 62, 85, 144, X. 

144 

85 

148 

148.-.- 

8,85, X 

85,144 

85,144 

62,8.5, 144, X 

85, 144, X 

62 

62,85 

62,85,144 

62, 144, X 

8,62,85.... 



62.__ 

62, X... 

62, X... 

X 

8,99,148 

8, 99, 144, 148. 
8,99,111,148. 

148 



148. 
148. 



85,165.... 

8, 44, 62, 85, 144, 165. 

165.... 

85,165 



62, 144, X. 
X 



44,62,144 

62 

44,62,85,144,161. 
62.... 



Direct brilliant flavine S.. 161. 

' Includes unclassified dyes of this group. 



Produc- 
tion 



Pounds 
357, 355 



38, 068 



105,311 
39, 135 



19, 686 



1, 012, 828 



256, 158 



81, 571 



117, 650 



222, 735 



4, 316, 386 



47, 867 
380, 395 



609, 786 



163, 756 



103, 471 



380,374 



Sales 



Quantity 



Pounds 
358, 435 



41, 719 



114, 374 
36, 558 



18, 564 

40, 369 

1, 010, 353 



270, 121 



73, 303 



124, 683 



194, 091 



4, 075, 911 



46, 937 
306, 979 



557, 507 



141, 040 



118, 454 



331, 676 



Value 



$405, 729 



58, 802 



Unit 
value 



83, 409 . 73 
81, 951 2. 24 



34, 254 

74, 305 

639, 112 



250, 470 



118,611 



205, 809 



100, 173 



4, 433, 808 



68,920 
368,788 



992,086 



101, 173 



155, 405 



300, 351 



22 



UIsriTED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production 


and sales, hy types, 1939— 


-Con. 


Col- 
our 


Name of dye 


Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 58) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


In- 
dex 
No. 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


833 


Classified Dj/es— Continued 

AZINE DYES 

Wool fast blue GL.. 


85, 144, X 


Pounds 
130, 564 
272, 839 


Pounds 
133, 190 


$203, 379 


$1.53 


841 


Safranine 


8,62,85,144 


853 


Acid cyanine BF 


62 








860 


Induline (spirit-soluble) 


8,85,144 


52, 875 

42, 760 

1, 284, 394 

1, 364, 325 


54, 679 

49, 732 

1,272,311 

1, 328, 458 


20, 780 

33, 131 

356, 010 

469, 220 


38 


861 


Induline (water-soluble) 


8,85,144 


67 


864 


Ni^rosine (spirit-soluble) 


8,85,144 


28 


865 


Nigrosine (water-soluble) 


8,85,144 


.35 


871 


ANILINE BLACK AND ALLIED DYES 

Diphenyl black base.- 


85 




873 


New fast gray 


8,62,165 










875 


Fur black 


8,85 










883 


OXAa^NE DYE3 

Gallocyanine. 


8,144,236 










909 


Cotton blue 


6,8,144.. 


88,783 


74, 206 


92, 267 


1.24 


913 


Nile blue BX. 


85 




m?. 


THIAZINE DYES 

Methylene blue 


8,62,65,85,144 

8,144 


539, 396 


621, 877 


468, 175 


.90 


924 


Methylene green B 




5)27 


New methylene blue.. 


8_ 










931 


BrUliant chrome blue 


85 










969 


SULFIDE DYES 

Carbazole vat blue R 


62,85 


(') 

(2) 

11, 975, 466 

2, 562, 489 

1, 793, 126 

958, 615 
629, 615 
176, 820 

48, 090 
171, 302 

335, 375 


(2) 

(2) 

10, 797, 002 

2, 481, 508 

1, 793, 805 

931,498 
625, 106 
158, 431 

36, 967 
187, 020 

299, 219 


(2) 

(2) 
1, 814, 402 
1, 164, 397 

496, 940 

652, 219 
285, 920 
46, 834 

14. 061 
54, 216 

127, 547 




971 


Carbazole vat blue G 


62,85 






Sulfur black 


8,20,62,85,144,200... 
8, 20, 44, 62, 85, 106, 

144, 200. 
8, 20, 44, 55, 62, 85, 

106, 144, 200. 
8, 20, 62, 85, 106, 144_. 
8, 62, 85, 144 


.17 




Sulfur blue 


.47 




Sulfur brown 


.28 




Sulfur green. 


.70 




Sulfurmaroon 


.46 




Sulfur olive 


8, 20, 55, 62, 85, 106, 

144, 200. 

44,62,85, 144 

8, 20, 44, 55, 62, 85, 

106. 
8, 20, 44, 62, 85, 106, 

144, 200. 


.30 




Sulfur orange 


.38 




Sulfurtan... 


.29 




Sulfur yellow ... 


.43 




Total sulfide dyes.. 






18, 650, 898 


17, 310, 556 


4, 656, 536 


.27 




ANTHRAQUINONE DYES 

Alizarin. „ . . 


8, 85, 144 - . 




1027 










1034 


Alizarin red S-.- 


6, 8, 144 


46, 113 


49, 889 


84, 069 


1.69 


1035 


Alizarin brown 


144, 236 




1040 


Alizarin SX. 


144 










1043 


Pseudopurpurine 


85 










1053 


Acid alizarin blue SE . . . 


62, 85, 144, X 

8, 16, 62, 85, 144, 236, 

X, X. 
16, X 


44, 695 

747, 675 


61, 825 
715, 601 


122, 652 
1, 097, 863 


1.98 


1054 


Acid alizarin blue B 


1.53 


1060 


Anthracene blue SWGG 




1062 


Anthracene blue WR_. 


85, 144, X .. 










1063 


Anthracene blue WES 


16 










1073 


Alizarin irisol R 


16, 62... 






. 




1075 


Alizarin astrol B 


62,85 .. 










1076 


Cyananthrol R 


62 










1078 


Alizarin cyanine green E . 


6, 8, 16, 62, 85, 144, 

236, X. 
16, 62 


357, 586 


330, 008 


574, 761 


1.74 


1080 


Acid anthraquinone violet B 

Anthraquinone blue black B 

Acid anthraquinone blue B 

Acid alizarin rubi no 




1085 
1088 


6,85, 144, 236, X 

62,85, 144 . 


151, 830 
80, 793 


157, 109 
59, 846 


233, 694 
185, 433 


1.49 
3.10 


1091 


85 






Total anthraquinone dyes ■.. 














2, 417, 229 


2, 394, 534 


3, 726, 580 


1.56 











> Includes unclassified dyes of this group. 

' Totals not included under sulfide dyes. In dyes classified by method of application, this dye is included 
with the vat dyes. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 23 

Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, 1939 — Con. 



Col- 
our 


Name of dye 


Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 58) 


Produc- 
tion 




Sales 




In- 
dex 
No. 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


1095 


Classified Dyes— Continued 

ANTHEAQUINONE VAT DYES 
(SINGLE STRENGTH) 

Anthraauinone vat yullow QC 

(121,-2 percent). 
Anthraquinone vat golden orange 

G (121 2 percent). 
Anthraquinone vat golden orange 

R (12M percent). 
Anthraquinone vat scarlet GS 

(16^^ percent). 
Anthraquinone vat dark blue BO, 

(25 percent) . 
Anthraquinone vat jade green (6 

percent) . 
Anthraquinone vat green B and 

black B ( 12 Vo percent). 
Anthraquinone vat violet R (25 

percent) . 
Anthraquinone vat violet RR 

(121.2 percent). 
Anthraquinone vat violet B (25 

percent) . 
Anthraquinone vat blue RS (10 

percent). 
Anthraquinone vat blue 3G (10 

percent). 
Anthraquinone vat blue GCD 

(8 i-i percent). 
Anthraquinone vat blue BCS (20 

percent. 
Anthraquinone vat yellow Q (123-^ 

percent) . 
Anthraquinone vat brown B (22 

percent). 
Anthraquinone vat pink R (12i-^ 

percent) . 
Anthraquinone vat yellow R (12i^ 

percent). 
Anthraquinone vat red FF, extra 

(121 2 percent). 
Anthraquinone vat brilliant violet 

215 (121 2 percent). 
Anthraquinone vat brilliant violet 

R (123-2 percent). 
Anthraquinone vat olive R (12)2 

percent). 
Anthraquinone vat brown R (12}/^ 

percent) . 
Anthraquinone vat brown G (12} 2 

percent). 
Anthraquinone vat red violet 

RRN (12}.^ percent). 
Anthraquinone vat red BN, extra 

(121-2 percent). 
Anthraquinone vat violet BN (25 

percent). 
Anthraquinone vat yellow R (I21.2 

percent). 
Anthraquinone vat blue green B 

(12^2 percent). 

INDIGOID AND THIOINDIGOID DYES 

Indigo, synthetic (20 percent) 

Indigo white (20 percent) -- 


8,62,85 


Pounds 
635, 438 

272, 528 


Pounds 
662, 833 

241,072 


$616, 506 
322, 210 


$0.93 
1.34 


1096 


8,62,85, 144 


1097 


62,144 


1098 


8,85, 144 










1099 
1101 


6,8,62,85,144, 161.. 
62 


300, 321 


274, 949 


313, 713 


1.14 


1102 
1103 


8, 62, 8.5, 144, 161 

85 


342, 939 


360, 782 


147, 737 


.41 


1104 
1105 


6,62,85, 144 

85 


183, 532 


185, 680 


306. 768 


1.65 


1106 


8,62,85 










1109 


62 _ 










1113 
1114 


60, 6ii, 85, 144 

6, 8, 62, 85, 144 


1,011,299 


917, 234 
1, 110, 127 


544, 407 
1, 234, 766 


.59 
1 11 


1118 


62, 85, 144 






1120 


62 










11?8 


85 










1132 


6,62 










1133 


62.. 










1134 


62-... 










1135 


62 










1150 


62,85,144 










1151 


62,85, 144 










1152 


02,144... 










1161 


62,85 










1162 


62, 144.... 










1163 


62 _ 










1170 


62.... - 










1173 


161... 










1177 


60, 62, 144 


12, 474, 777 


11,949,582 


1,842,718 


.15 


1178 


144 




1180 




62, 144 










1183 


Tribroinindigo RB (20 percent) 

Broniindigo blue 2BD (16 percent). 
Vat blue 5B (20 percent) - - 


60, 144 










1184 


60,85, 144 










1186 


60 . . 










1207 


Ciba pink B (2U percent) 


60 










1210 


Vat red B (12i.-. percent) 


85 










1212 


Vat red 3B (20 percent) 


60,62,85, 144 

8,62,85, 137, 144 

60 


192, 605 
469, 268 


184,115 
416, 754 


237, 176 
395, 600 


1.29 


1217 




.95 


1228 


Vat fast scarlet O (20 percent) 

Vat red R (10 percent).. - 




1229 


60.... 











24 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production 


and sales 


, by types, 1939— 


-Con. 


Col- 
our 


Name of dye 


Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 58) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


In- 
dex 

No. 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


^2 


Classified iJj^es— Continued 

FOOD DYES 

Yellow AB 


66, 144 


Pounds 


Pounds 






61 


Yellow OB 


66, 144 










80 




23, 121, 144 










150 




23, 121, 144, 206, 229.. 
23, 121, 144, 206, 229.. 
23, 121, 144, 206, 229.. 
23, 144, 229 


85, 121 
118,988 
106, 542 


88, 495 
114, 738 
100, 095 


,$199, 370 
275, 757 
250, 029 


$2.25 


184 




2.40 


640 




2.50 


666 






670 


Light green SF (yellowish) 


23, 144, 229 










773 


2.3, 121, 144,206 

23, 121, 206 


8,876 


7,644 


97, 829 


12.80 


1180 








Brilliant blue FCF 


23,144,229 


3,656 


5,946 


58,851 


9.90 




Fast green FCF 


229 








144,229 












Sunset yellow FCF 


23,121,144,206,229... 


58, 369 


57, 860 


138, 150 


2.39 










483, 227 


478, 386 


1, 375, 792 


2.88 




Totali classified dyes 








99, 563, 360 


95,074,041 


48,018,116 


.50 




Unclassified Dyes 








2, 584, 873 


2, 402, 148 


2, 210, 758 


.92 




Amacel brilliant blue B 


6 .- 






6 














6... 












Black, AD, AS,AZ, B, BAM, 
BBN, BDN, BG, BGD, 
BNF, BNS, BZA, DY, 
GFS, 3G, 3GNJ\ GY, J, 
JN, LNB, NAZ, NBZ, NS, 

, NSJ, RB, SS, III, IV, IV 
dbl.3 

Blue B, BB, G, R, 5RB, III, 
IV, XIII. 


6, 8, 62, 79, 85, 144, 
167, 235, X, X. 

6, 62,85, 137 


1,369,927 


1, 292, 982 


785, 345 


.61 




8 












Brilliant blue, B, D, 2G, R 


8,62,167,236 


94, 889 


78,657 


125, 750 


1.60 




62 






Brown BR, Y 


62__ 














62. 












Direct blue S 


8 












Direct orange R 


X 












Direct red 3B 


X 












Direct sapphire blue G 

Direct sky blue GA 


X 












X 












Direct yellow GA 


X 













Fast black B, BTN 


85 .. 












Fast blue AF, B, 3BFU, FFR, 

GG, GR. 
Fast brown 3R, 5R 


6,85 












85 














62... 












Fast navy blue B, BR 


85 














85 












Fast red GG 


85 . 












Fast red violet RN 


85 














85 












Fast yellow G, GL, GR, RR.. 
Green BS 


62,85 . 












62 -- 












Green blue II 


6 












Heliotrope I 


6 














6 












Navy blue B, BN cone, BP 

cone, BX, R. 
Orange, BL, OR, R, RR, 3R, 

4R, I, II, III, ex. 
Pink II 


6, 62 












6, 8, 62, 79, 85, 137, 

167,2.35. 
6 


64, 473 


70, 640 


67, 738 


.96 




Pure blue BR, BR cone - - 


62 












6 












Red, BR, 3B, 6B, FSI. GG, 
R, RP. 2Y, I, III, V. VI-X, 
VII, VIII. 

Red violet R, Y 


6,8,62,85,167 

62 


70, 296 


69, 009 


76, 988 


1.12 




Rubine B, G, IX 


6,62,79,235 












Scarlet, B BN, III 


6,8,62,79,85 


27, 105 


20, 022 


21, 885 


1.09 




Sky blue B 


62 






Turquoise MG 


85 











2 Includes black, developed black, and cellitazole black. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 25 

Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, 1939 — Con. 



Name of dye 



Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 58) 



Produc- 
tion 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



Unclassified Dyes — Continued 

Acetate silk dyes — Continued. 
Violet, B, BR, (jB, CB, RL, 
RR, 11. 

Violet blue FSI^. 

Yellow, FSI, G, GG, 5G, 
VIII.IX, XI, XII.XIII. 

Other 

Acid alizarin fireen B 

Acid anthracene brown PG 

Acid anthracene yellow GR ex 

Acid black, AR. BR supra., 8B. 

8BN, ,3G, GRF, GRF cone, J, 

RB, TL, WA, 640, 773. 

Acid blue, BL, 2G.. 

Acid blue black RC 

Acid Bordeaux R 

Acid brilliant blue 3B, RR 

Acid brilliant green lOG 

Acid brilliant red 2BA, 4BL, SB, 

G. 
Acid brown, FN, MF, N, R 

cone. 

Acid ceresine .-. 

Acid chromal brown AKB 

Acid chrome blue 2R, 2RA..- 

Acid fast black BBN 

Acid fast blue B, G. IB, NB 

Acid fast brown CGS 

Acid fast light red BL cone, 4BL.. 

Acid fastoranep LW 

Acid fast red BL, CY 

Acid fast yellow JY, RS 

Acid flavine cone _. 

Acid garnet GR cone 

Acid green BL, GR, S 

Acid light rubine BL 

Acid milling brown R supra 

Acid milling yellow G, 20X, R.... 

Acid naphtliol blue black 

Acid navy blue cone, B, B cone, 

M4B. 

Acid neutral red 3G ex. cone 

Acid neutral yellow GNS. 

Acid olive Q 

Acid orange G, GS, R, 2R, 4R, 

SGS, YF. 

Acid red, 3B, OA 

Acid sapphire G 

Acid scarlet G cone, Y 

Acid spirit black 

Acid spirit orange R 

Acid spirit yellow 2R 

Acid violet B, BS, RNL, RL, 

2R, 2RX. 

Acid wool blue BL 

Acid yellow, cone, O, 2G, 5G, R.. 

Alizarin L 

Alizarin blue AR, A20, GS 

Alizarin fast blue RB. 

Alkali fast green lOQ _. 

Anthracene blue SWN' 

Anthracene chrome brown RL 

Anthraquinone blue BGA, 3Q, 

SBF, SWB, WSA. 
Anthraquinone vat black 2Q, J, R. 
Anthraquinone vat black brown 

V. 
Anthraquinone vat blue CLX, 

GCL, GR, R, RCX. 
Anthraquinone vat blue green B, 

FFB, V. 
Anthraquinone vat brilliant orange 

GR, RK. 
Anthraquinone vat brilliant red B.. 



6, 62, 85, 167, 236. 
6. 



Pounds 
34, 851 



Pcnivds 
35, 061 



$63, 089 



6,8,62,79,85, 167- -. 
X 



72, 603 



87, 831 



84, 635 



1.80 
'.96 



236 

85 

X 

6, 8, 54, 62, 85, 144, X. 



165, 172, X. 

62 

X 

6,62 

62 

6,62, 144, X. 



8,165- 



44 

44.85-- 

62 

62. 144- 

62 

62, X.. 



8,62.... 

6,8 

172 

172 

165,172- 

85 

6 



8,44,165... 

44 

6. 8, 62, 235. 



6,633 



6,464 



18, 466 



10, 462 



.97 

.57 



6, 8, 62, 85, 144, 165, 
X. 

44,165 

X 

165 



,417 



56, 311 



61, 616 



1.09 



8, 44, 165, 172, 235. 



62. 

8, 44, 165. 



50, 367 



45, 225 



29,019 



.64 



8.5, 144. 
144--.. 

85 

144-.-. 
236--.. 
62 



8,144- 
85...- 



60, 62, 144. 
62,8.5,144- 

85 

62 



122, 842 



140, 257 



1.14 



26 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, 1939 — Con. 



Name of dye 



Unclassified Di/es— Contioued 

Anthraquinone vat brilliant scarlet 

BGN. 
Anthraquinone vat brilliant yellow 

4G. 
Anthraquinone vat brown BE, 

NR, RR, VR. 
Anthraquinone vat dark brown R . . 

Anthraquinone vat deep black 

Anthraquinone vat direct black 3G_ 

Anthraquinone vat fla vine GC 

Anthraquinone vat golden orange 

3G. 
An<hraquinone vat golden yellow 

GK, GO. 
Anthraquinone vat gray GD, 
M3G, R, RL. 

Anthraquinone vat green IB W 

Anthraquinone vat khaki, GG 

Anthraquinone vat navy blue, BN, 

BR, G,3G. 
Anthraquinone vat olive G,- GGL_ _ 
Anthraquinone vat olive green B _ . . 

Anthraquinone vat pink B 

Anthraquinone vat printing black 

B suprafix, TL suprafix. 
Anthraquinone vat printing brown 

TM suprafix. 
Antliraquinone vat printing green 
BG suprafix. 

Anthraquinone vat red G2B 

Anthraquinone vat red brown R — 
Anthraquinone vat scarlet 3B, 

GGN. 
Anthraquinone vat violet FFBN— . 

Anthraquinone vat yellow 8G _ 

Artificial silk black, G, R, 2R 

Azo Bordeaux 2BL,7B 

Azo brown 

Azo cosine 2B._ _. 

Azo fast blue 2R 

Az fast orange G 

Azo fast violet.-- 

Azo fast yellow GN.GR 

Azo green 3G 

Azo oil black- 

Azf oil blue black B 

Azo orange GN, GR, GXA, RS, 
3RP. 

Azo red 7BL 

AzoscarletG, RB, RP- 

Azoanthrenedyes: 

Black N 

BlueG, L,S 

Blue green B 

Green G - 

Navy BR, GW 

Orantre R 

Red7B 

RubineB,S 

Scarlet G,Y 

VioletB- 

Yellow R,S 

Azoic dyes and their components, 
total. 
Dyes: 

Rapid fast: 

Orange, RH 

RedRH 

ScarletlLH 

Rapidoeene: 

Black DM, MG 

Black brown IT 

Blue.BN, D, GN, N, 

R. 
Bordeaux, MR, RN..-. 



Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 58) 



85 - 

62- 

62, 85, 144- 



62-. 
85.- 
62.. 
144- 
85-- 



85 

8, 62, 85- 



85 

62, 85, 144. 
6,8,62,85. 



62.- 

144- 
85-- 



85 

62- 

44, 85, 235- 

165 

165 

62 

144 

85 

144 

85 

165 

144 

144 

165 



165- 
165. 



8,62,85- 
62,85... 
62 



62,85 

85 

62, 85, 165. 

62, 85, 165. 



Produc- 
tion 



Pounds 



316, 793 



136, 824 



3,317,761 



Sales 



Quantity 



Pounds 



268, 156 



3, 144, 736 



Value 



$249, 252 



4, 707, 546 



Unit 
value 



3.93 



1.50 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



27 



Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, 1989 — Con. 



Name of dye 



Unclassified Z)j/e«— Continued 

Azoic dyes and their components 
— Continued. 

Dyes— Continued. 
Rapidogene— Continued. 

Brown, ON, IB, IPT.. 

Calconyl red G _ 

Calconyl scarlet R 

Dark brown AR 

G, double, 

Golden yellow MRS, 
R. 

Orange G, R 

Red, BB, FFO, FFR, 

G, GB, OS, M2B, R. 

Scat\et, FFR, R, RBY, 

R, S 
Yellow, FF2G, G, 2G, 
GS. 
Components: 

Fast color bases: 

Fast garnet GBC 

Fast red B, GL, KB, 

TR. 
Fast scarlet GG, R-..^ 
Fast color salts: 

Black B 

Blue B, BB 

BlueBN 

Bordeaux, BD. GP... 

Garnet GBC, GC 

Orange, GC 

Red, AL. B, G, 30, 
GL, 3GL, KB, RC, 
TR. 

Scarlet GO-- 

Scarlet R 

Variamine blue BD.. 
Naphthols: 

Naphthol AS 

Naphthol AS, BO 

Naphthol AS, BR-_-_ 

Naphthol AS, BS 

Naphthol AS. D 

Naphthol AS. OL 

Naphthol AS, OP 

Naphthol AS, PH...- 

Naphthol AS, RL 

Naphthol AS, SW.... 

Other 

Basic orange 3RN 

Benzoform red 7B, O 

Benzoform violet BB 

Brilliant benzo violet B. 

Brilliant blue 5B 

Brilliant milling blue B _ 

Brilliant milling green B cone 

Brilliant milling vellow 50 

Brilliant wool blue BN, FFR. G ex. 

Chromatc blue black B 

Chromato brilliant brown RL 

Chromate brown, EB, EBR, BBS 

cone 

Chromate red 20.. 

Chrome black 30, NSE, P2B, PV, 

SW 

Chrome blue ATX, ECR 

Chrome brilliant orange 2R 

Chrome brown B, BC, 3B, EB. 
EBL, G, O.PG, RII cone, 4RC 

Chrome garnet R 

Chrome green B, CB, G 

Chrome leveling brown B.. 

Chrome orange 3R 

252005—40 5 



Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 58) 



85, 165- 



8 

62 

85 

62, 85- 



62.85 

62, S5, 165- 



62, 85, 165- 
62, 85, 165. 



X_ 



85, 144- 

85, 165, X 

85, 137, 144-.. 
85, 137, 144, X. 

X 

85,144,165-... 
8.5, 144, X 



85, 144, 165, X. 

85, 144, X 

85- 



6,8,85, 144-.. 

6, 85, 144 

6, 85 --- - 

6, 62.85, 144- - 
6. 85, 144, 165. 

85. 165--- 

165 

85 

85 

6,8,5, 144 

6,85...- 

62 



85 

62- - - - 
144..- 
62, 85. 
62 



85. 144- 

44 

X 



8, 62, 235, 236, X. 
236 



62, 144, X. 
62 



6, 8, 44, 62, 85, 144. 
X - 



44, 144- 

fi 

144---- 



Produc- 
tion 



Pounds 



176, 074 



270, 025 



759, 814 



Sales 



Quantity 



Pounds 



170,380 
191,668 



239, 828 



707. 897 



93, 940 104, 878 



36.000 2«,05S 



206, 043 



197, 938 



Value 



$168, 698 
179,617 



174, 871 



745, 650 



82. 051 



15.688 



181.991 



Unit 
value 



$0.99 
.94 



.73 



.56 



.92 



28 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 9. — Coal-iar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, 1939 — Con. 



Name of dye 



Unclassified Dyes— Continued 

Chrome yellow, 2G, 30, DS, OD, 

R-105, SW 

Ciba black 

Cloth fast blue R 

Cloth red 2R, Y 

Cotton black 3G 

Croceine scarlet F P cone _ _ . 

Developed black G, GA, NSB, OB, 

OB ex., OT, ZV cone 

Developed blue B, BR, BR cone, 

BR ex., BRG, 5GL, 6G. 
Developed Bordeaux 7B, 7B cone, 

2BL, BGL, RB. 
Developed brilliant green 3B, 3G. 
Developed brilliant orange G. GG. 

ON. 
Developed brilliant scarlet 2BL, 

2BLex. cone, 5BL, RO. 
Developed brown 60, NR, R, 

3RB 

Developed dark brown B 

Developed fast blue B 

Developed fast brown RK 

Developed fast red 7BL 

Developed fast violet BL, 2RL 

Developed iast yellow 2G 

Developed garnet RD 

Developed green BL, 2GL, GW..- 

Developed indigo blue 4GL 

Developed orange, OR, R, 2R, 3R, 

RFW, WD. 
Developed red BFW, 7BL, 7BL 

cone. 

Developed rubine B, B special 

Developed scarlet A, 2BL, DIS, 

FW, GFW, R. 

Developed sky blue B , 3G L 

Developed violet BRD, 2R 

Developed yellow 4G 

Diamond green SS 

Diazophen red 

Diazophen yellow 

Direct black 3G, 3GR, 5G, NCW_. 
Direct blue BB, FF, 3G, 5G, NR.. 

Direct blue green CW 

Direct Bordeaux B, 6B 

Direct brilliant blue BFL_ ..-. 

Direct brilliant cerise . _ _ 

Direct brilliant red 12B cone 

Direct brilliant violet B, 4B, R.._. 
Direct brown CWR, CSW, FW, 

GB, G2R, G3R, K, R, RB, RY, 

S. 
Direct catechine, GS, 3G, G cone. 

Direct chrome black blue B 

Direct chrome blue black B 

Direct chrome brown BS 

Direct copper blue BR, RR, RRX 

Direct dark blue Sli 

Direct fast black B, FA, FOR ex. 

dbl., FRG, FOR, FTC, O, L, L 

cone, PG ex. FGR, VE. 
Direct fast blue FF, 3GL, 4GL, 

8GL, LB, RR, LG. R, RL. SRL. 
Direct fast brown BRL, BRLN, 

4GL, LBR, LG, L3R, R, 2RL, 

4R, 3YL. 
Direct fast gray BL, GL, 2GL, R 

Direct fast green 2Y 

Direct fast light blue FF.. 

Direct fast olive brown RL 

Direct fast orange EG, E30, ER, 

G, 2G cone, 4G cone,2GL, GL 

ex., L5G, L7G, L3R, RE, 6R, S. 



Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 58) 



8, 44, 62, 85, 144, 165 . 
60 



44 

44, 144. 



6, 44, 62, 85, 144, X_ 
6, 44, 62, 144, X 



6, 62, 85, 144, X. 

85, 144 

85 



62, 85, X. 
62,85 



X 

44 

62 

62, X 

62, X 

85, 144.... 

6. 

62 

62,85 

6, 62, 144. 

6, 62, 144 _ 



85, X 

62, 144, X. 



85... 
6,62. 
62... 

85... 



44, 85, 144, 235- 

6,62,144 

144 

6,85, 144 

144 



144 

6,44 

6, 8, 44, 54, 144, 235, 
X. 

6,62,144 

X 



85, 144. 



62, 85. 
X... 



6, 44, 62, 85, 144, 235, 
X. 



62, 85, 144, X. 
62, 85, 144, X. 



62, 85, 144. 

62 

44 

6. 



8, 62, 85, 106, 144, X 



Produc- 
tion 



Pounds 
60, 343 



326, 739 
205, 658 



82. 040 



9,450 



118, 425 
84, 966 



224, 489 



118, 910 



655, 634 

287, 110 
150, 376 

37, 847 



Sales 



Quantity 



Pounds 
57, 061 



123, 463 
70, 012 



213, 935 



100, 468 



545, 465 

315, 787 
143, 784 

29, 552 



241, 093 



Value 



$24, 842 



201, 278 



282, 158 



161,117 



55, 134 

74, 738 



69, 472 



328, 892 

404, 969 
210, 002 

52, 304 



294, 494 



Unit 
value 



.44 



.63 



1.34 



.45 
1.07 



.79 



.60 

1.28 
1.46 

1.77 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 29 

Table 9.^ — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, 19S9 — -Con. 





Name of dye 


Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 58) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 




Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 




Unclassified Dyes — Continued 

Direct fast red 5BL, 8BLN, 
8BLSW. 

Direct fast rubine 23, B cone 

Direct fast turquoise 8GL 


6, 44, 144, X 


Pounds 


Piiunds 








6, 144 












62 












Direct fast violet BB, F 


8,85 












Direct fast yellow 4GL. 5QL, LR, 

L5G,KL. 
Direct gray BBC, G, Z 


44,62,85,144 

54, X 


159, 034 


159, 952 


$263, 931 


$1.65 




Direct green GB, 5GSC 


6,8 












Direct green black,. ,_ 


44 












Direct light yellow RL_ _ ... 


44 












Direct navy 4B, G, R_ 


6, X 












Direct navy blue B, BF, BW, DB, 

R, RY. 
Direct orange B, R ._ _.. ... 


8, 44, 62, 144,235 

6,44,85 


143, 305 


127,588 


90,163 


.71 




Direct red G-- . _ __ 


6 












Direct reseda green . 


6. 












Direct rhoduline red B . 


62.. . . . 












Direct rubine B, Q _ 


6 












Direct sapphire B 

Direct scarlet G 

Direct silk blue NR 

Direct sky blue B 

Direct speck dye red SW . _ . 


X 












6 












85 












44 












144- 












Direct violet BB, BRL, 2R 

Direct violet black ,,- _. 


6, 8, 144 - . 












44 












Direct viscose blue RS_ .__ . 


85 












Direct yellow R _ _._ 


6 












Discharge brown RB 

Drug and cosmetic colors 

Fast acid black BR . 


62 












144 












85 












Fast acid blue R, WF 


85, 144 

85 . 












Fast acid Bordeaux B 












Fast acid brown RQ 


144 












Fast acid light red B 


44 












Fast acid orange RW .. 


44 












Fast acid red 3B, 20 

Fast acid violet ERR ex 

Fast acid yellow R .. 


85 












62 . 












85 












Fast black V 

Fast crimson R 

Fast light red B, 4B, BL, QL 

Fast light rubine BL 


62 .. 












144 












85, 144.... 












144 












Fast light violet 


236 












Fast wool violet B 


144 












Fast wool yellow GS . . 


144 












Fluorol 5GR . 


85 












Fluoroleum supra 


62 .. 












Formal fast black Q 


44 .. 












Formaldehyde black GR ex 

Formaldehyde red B 

Formaldehyde scarlet Y 

Formanol black RW 

Formvl black Q 


27 












44 












44 












X 












8 .. 












Formyl blue B 


8 












Formyl brown 


8 












Gas yellow 


8 












Hansa yellow G 


62, 85 












Helio red RMT 


85 












Heliogen blue B, G 


85 












Heliogen green G 


85 












Hydroform navy blue 

Hydroform yellow 3G 

Indigo vat brown, G .. 


161 












161 












8, 62, 144, X 

8, 62, 137, 144. 

144 


313,015 
372, 297 


298, 948 
399,889 


329. 641 
423,435 


1.10 




Indigo vat pink FB, FF 


1.06 




Indigo vat scarlet 2GN 

Indocyanine B 

Indophenal tan R 






85 












X 












Indophenol black,. 

Indophenol blue 


X 












X . ... 












Jet black APX 


62 












Lake blue G, 6G 


62 










Lake fast blue BL cone 

Lake fast orange G 


62 










62. 









30 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, 1939 — Con. 



Name of dye 



Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 58) 



Produc- 
tion 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



Unclassified Dj/es— Continued 

Lake fast yellow lOG 

Lake orange OTP 

Lake pink RL 

Lake red 2B 

Lake scarlet 2YL 

Lake yellow O, PL 

Leather brown RR 

Metalized azo gray G 

Milling fast garnet R 

Milling fast red B cone, FF 

Milling fast yellow 5GL cone 

Milling navy blue 4B 

Milling red B, B cone, R 

Milling yellow GN, 2GC W, 3G, O 

cone, R, XN 

Monastral fast blue BS-N, GS 

Monastral fast green GS 

Mordant green SN 

Naphthol navy blue M 

Naphthylamine black V 

Neutral blue G 

Neutral brown RD, 2RS, RX 

Neutral silk brown RA, RWA 

Neutral silk yellow CGA 

Neutral yellow RX 

Nigrosine base B, N, R, 2R 

Oil blue 

Oil bronze 

Oil brown D, G, M, #79, #102 

Oil fast black 

Oil fast blue B, R 

Oil fast orange A cone 

Oil fast red M, Y 

Oil fast yellow EG, 3G 

Oil green 

Oil orange, 0, 2R, soluble, #30, #67. 

Oil pink B 

Oil red, EG, EGN, G, O, OB, RO, 

soluble, #322 

Oil violet 

Oil yeUow, N, PHW 

Orange Y 

Paper red AP 

Patent blue B cone 

Phenamine violet B 

Phenanthrene brown CR 

Phospbine R 

Pigment rubine G, 3G 

Plutoform black AM.. 

Polyform dyes: 

Blue BRF 

Dark brown 3BF 

Dark maroon GF 

Orance RF 

Scarlet 2GF, RF 

Yellow GF 

Pyrazoline black 

Pyrazoline blue 4GL, 8GL 

Pyrazoline red BLW 

Pyrazoline yellow 4GL, R 

Rayon colors: 

Black B 

Bordeaux B 

Brown G, M 

Navy blue N 

Violet 3B 

Resin brilliant orange RR 

Resin brilliant red R... 

Resin brown Z 

Resorcin brown YX 

Rosanthrene A, R... 

Rosanthrene orange 

Rubber colors - 

Safranine 8B 



Pounds 



Pounds 



62 

62 

144 

62 

62 

62, 144_ 
62 



X 

X 

X 

144 

144, 165 _ 



62, 144, 165 _ 

62 

62 



20,030 



44 

62 

165 

8,62, 144, X 

X 

X 

X 

144 

236 

62 

79,144 

144 

6, 144 

J44 

144 

62, 144 

236 

8, 54, 79, 144, 233. 
144 



31, 563 



25, 697 



$37, 825 



$1.47 



28,280 



28,059 



23, 152 



.83 



6, 8, 54, 79, 144, 233 _ 

236 

8,62,236 

54 

85 

144 

85 

165 

85 

85. 

85 



153, 906 



144, 486 



62.. 
62.. 
62.. 
62-. 
62_- 
62.- 
165- 
165- 
165- 
165- 



62.. 
62-- 
62.- 
62-. 
62.. 
144. 
144. 
144- 
54.. 
62.. 
62.. 
62.- 
144- 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 31 

Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, 1939 — Con. 





Name of dye 


Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 58) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 




Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 




Unclassified D2/e«— Continued 
Silk black 4BF, G, R 


27,44 


Pounds 


Pounds 








Silk blue lOG 


62 












Silk brown G, R 


X-. ...... _- 












Silk fast blue 3G 


62 












Silk fast brown R 


27 












Silk fast yellow G 


27 












Silk red 2B, 4B, 3BX, lOB 

Stilbene brown 3GXij 

Stilbene orange EG.-- -- 


27, 44, X-. 




7,677 


$11,481 


$1.50 




8 






8 












Sudan corinth B --- .. 


85 












Sudan orange FL, RT - 


85 












Sudan red 4B -__ - 


85 












Sulfon yellow RS 


85 












Supranol red PB - 


85 












Supranol yellow GG. 


85 












Wool blue CGG 

Wool navy blue B 


144 












144 












Wool red special 

Zambesi black BG, D, PC, V. .. 
Another . 


165 












44,85, 144 

62, X, X.. 


409, 056 


440, 334 


. 242, 336 


.55 




Total unclassified dyes 














20, 627, 328 


19, 419, 927 


22,205,485 


1 14 




Total dyes: 

Those for which individ- 
ual statistics are shown. 

Those for which individ- 
ual statistics cannot be 
shown - 








88, 122, 738 
32, 067, 950 


84, 926, 053 
29, 567, 915 


40, 696, 744 
29, 526, 857 


48 






1 00 




Grand total 








120, 190, 688 


114, 493, 968 


70, 223, 601 


61 











COLOR LAKES AND TONERS 

Improvement in the surface-coatings and decorating trades in 1939 
accelerated trade in color lakes and toners. Production was 18,154,000 
pounds, and sales were 15,577,000 pounds, valued at $11,785,000. In 
1938 the output was 14,407,000 pounds, of which 12,658,000 pounds 
were sold for $9,403,000. In both 1938 and 1939 toners, or full- 
strength colors, constituted 67 percent of the value of total sales 
of the group, lakes and extended colors were 29 percent, and reduced 
toners 4 percent. 

Statistics of production and sales of color lakes and toners in 1939 
are shown in table 10. 



32 



u:nited states tariff commission 



Table 10.— Color lakes and toners: United States production and sales, 1939 

[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on p. 58. 
An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number with 
the designated product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that the statistics of pro- 
duction or sales cannot be published without revealing information with regard to individual firms. The 
figures thus concealed are, however, included in the total] 



Name of product 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list on p. 58) 



Produc- 
tion 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



LAKES AND EXTENDED 
COLORS 



Alizarin 

Azo Bordeaux. 



Black _ 
Blue-- 



Brown 

Eosine and phloxine- 

Fast light yellow 

Green 



Helio fast rubine - 

Litholrubine 

Maroon^ 

Methyl violet 



Naphthol yellow. 
Orange 



Peacock blue - 



Persian orange . 



12, 62, 99, 112, 118, 121, 134, 139, 169, 197, 
216, 217, 236, X, X, X, X, X, X. 

3, 12, 29, 62, 67, 99, 101, 121, 139, 169, 216, 
217 XXX 

51, 94,' 121, 134, 216, 217, 236, X, X 

12, 29, 51, 62, 67, 74, 77, 94, 112, 118, 121, 
134, 208, 216, 217, 233, X, X, X, X, X, 

x,x,x,x. 

12, 51, 77, 101, 121, 134, 216, 217, 233, 236, 

X. 
12, 29, 35, 67, 74, 77, 94, 111, 121, 134, 197, 

208, 217, X, X, X, X, X, X, X. 
12, 77, 99, 101, 121, 134, 208, 217, X, X, X, 

X X 
12, 29, 51. 62, 67, 74, 77, 94, 112, 116, 118, 

121, 134, 208, 216, 217, X, X, X, X, X, 

x,x,x. 

12, 29, 51, 62, 101, 116, 118, 208, X, X, X, 

x,x. 

12, 29, 51, 62, 74, 77, 112, 121, 197, 208, X, 

x,x,x,x. 

12, 35, 62, 67, 94, 101, 121, 134, 139, 233, 

XXX 
12, 29, 51, 62, 67, 77, 94, 101, 121, 134, 197, 

208, 216, 217, 236, X, X, X, X, X, X, 

X. 

12, 74, 77, 121, 217, 236. X, X 

29. 35, 51, 62, 67, 94, 101, 118, 134, 217, X, 

X, X,X, X. 
12, 29, 35, 51, 62, 74, 77, 99, 101, 111, 121, 

134, 197, 208, 216, 217, 236, X, X, X, X, 

X X X X X X 
12, 35, 62, 74, 77, 99, 'ill, 121, 134, 197, 208, 

216. 217, X, X, X, X, X, X, X, X, X, 



Phosphomolybdic acid 

lakes, total: 

Blue-' ■- 

Brown i 

Green 

Purple-- 

Red. 

Violet 

Phosphotungstic acid 
lakes: 
Blue 



Pounds 
153, 981 

373, 498 

126, 021 
478, 362 



48, 464 

197, 317 
215, 946 
325, 264 

54, 546 
325, 714 
655, 937 
177, 263 

22, 250 

198, 531 

1, 353, 943 
436, 108 

09,040 



35,77, 116, 208, X,X,X- 

118 

51, 62, 77, 118, X, X 

29,51,67,77 

29,51,X 

35 --.. 



Pounds 
100,538 

333, 293 

105, 897 
323, 772 



24,442 
190, 320 

46, 285 
250, 966 

41, 173 
330, 613 
644, 566 
174, 134 

18, 125 
169, 237 

1, 080, 108 
315, 861 

56,957 



$128, 126 

105, 295 

48, 041 
182, 748 

6,204 
135, 539 
32,323 
143, 909 



95, 749 
148, 342 
86,541 

13, 895 
50, 262 

614, 959 
129, 582 

31, 263 



Green. 



Purple . 
Red... 



Pigment scarlet - 



Quinoline yellow - 
Red 



Scarlet 2R. 
Tartrazine. 



Violet 

Yellow . - . 
All other- 



Total lakes and 
extended colors. 



8, 12, 29, 51, 62, 74, 77, 94, 101, 112, 118, 

121, 134, 197, 208, 217, 236, X, X, X. X. 
8, 29, 51, 62, 67, 94, 101, 112, 134, 217, X, 

XXX 
29, 51, 94, 101, 134, 197, 208, 217, X, X,X. 
8, 12, 28, 29, 35, 51, 62, 74, 77, 94, 101, 112, 

118, 134, 197, 217, X. X, X. 
12, 29, 62, 77, 101. 121, 134, 169, 197, 216, 

217, 236, X,X, X, X. 

12,99, 111, 121, 197,208, X,X,X 

29, 35, 51, 62, 67, 74. 77, 101, 118, 121, 1.34, 

197, 208, 217, 233, X, X, X, X, X, X, X. 
3, 12, 29. 35, 62, 94, 116, 121, 169, 197, 216, 

217, 233, X, X, X. X, X, X, X, X. 
35, 77, 99, 101, 111, 121, 1.34, 197, 208, 217, 

X X X X X X 

12,51^62,77,94,101.118,233 

12, 35, 51. 62, 77, 118. 134, 217, X, X 

28, 51, 74, 99, 1.34, 2,36, X, X, X 



398, 185 

202, 547 

41,510 
228, 904 

333, 486 

28, 586 
439, 880 

909, 822 

191, 688 

16, 133 
148, 419 
104, 200 



8, 255, 545 



394, 
169, 



36, 
194, 



23, 
395, 

843, 

178, 

16, 
132, 
44, 



336, 



28, 
114, 



127, 895 



18, 
209, 

234, 

99, 

12, 
41. 
49, 



6, 894, 974 



3, 381, 712 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 33 

Table 10. — Color lakes and toners: United States production and sales, 1939 — Con. 



Name of product 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list on p. 58) 



Sales 



Produc- 
tion 



Quantity Value 



Unit 
value 



TONERS OR FULL- 
STRENGTH COLORS 

Eosine and phloxine 

Oreen 

Hansa yellow 

Lake red C 

Lake red D 

Lithol 

Lithol rubine -. 

Maroon 

Methyl violet 

Orange 

Para red 

Permanent orange. 

Phosphomolybdic acid 
toners: 

Blue 

Green 

Purple 

Another 

Phosphotungstie acid 
toners: 
Blue- 

Green 

Purple 

Red.... 

Bed 

Toluidine red _.. 

Yellow 

iVU other 

Total toners or 
full-strength 
colors. 

REDUCED TONERS 

Lake red C and D 

Lithol.. 

Para red 

Toluidine red 

Another 

Total reduced 

toners. 
Total color lakes 

and toners. 

1 Included in all other 



12, 74, 77, 99, 197, 208, 217, 236, X, X, X 

X. 
12, 62, X, X 

12, 35, 62, 99, 101, 111, 112, 121, 236, X, X 

XXX 
8, 12, 35,' 51,' 62, 74, 77. 99, 101, 111, 121, 1.34 

197, 208, 216, 217, 236, X, X, X, X, X 

X. 

35, 121, 197, 2.36, X_ . 

12, 35, 51, 62, 74, 77, 99, 101, 121, 197, 216 

217, 233, 236, X, X, X, X, X, X. 
12, 29, 51, 62, 74, 77, 99, 101, 116, 121, 197 

X X X X X X 
12, 62, 74, 101, 'lie' 121, 169, 216, 233, 236 

X X X X X 
8, 12, 29,'65, 74, 77, 94, 99, HI, 121, 208 

216, 217, X, X, X. 

12, 74, 77, 99, 112, X, X. X 

3, 12, 29, 35, 51. 62, 74, 99, 101, 116, 121 

169 197, 216, 217, 233, X, X, X, X, X 

X X X X X 
8, 77, 99, 101 r 116, 236, X _. 

29, 35, 62, 77, 99, 101, 121, 216, X, X, X.. 

35, 99, 101, 121, 216, X . 

29, 51, 62, 65, 101, 208, 216, X, X 

29, 35, 51, 99, 101, 121, 134, 208 

12, 29, 51, 62, 74, 77, 101, 116, 121, 1.34, 197, 

20S, 217. 236, X, X, X, X, X, X, X. 
29, 51, 62, 67, 74, 77, 101, 121, 134, 169, 197 

208, 217, 236, X. X, X. X, X, X, X, X 
12. 29, 51, 62, 101, 134, 197, 208, 217, 236 

X X X X X X 
12, 29," 51, 62, 74, 77, 101, 121, 134, 197, 217 

236 X X X X X 
8, 29,'51,'62,'77,'99,' 101, 121, 233, 236, X 

X X X X X 
3, 12, 35,'51,V>2,'67, 74, 99, 101, 116, 121, 169 

197, 216, 217, 23.3, 236, X, X, X, X, X 

X, X, X, X, X, X. 

12, 51, X, X 

8, 29, 74, 99, 101, 121, 208, X, X, X 



12, 35. 62, 74, 94, 101, 121, 134, 197, 208, 217, 

X, X. 
12, 29, 51, 62, 74, 77. 94, 101, 121, 197, 208, 

217, 236, X, X, X, X. 
3, 12, 29, 35, 62, 74, 101, 116, 121, 169, 216, 

217, 233, X, X, X, X, X, X. 
3, 12, 28, 29, 35, 62. 67, 74, 94, 101, 112, 116, 

121, 169, 208, 216, 217, X, X, X, X, X, 

X, X. 
3, 12, 28, 51, 62, 94, 101, 134, X, X, X.._. 



Pounds 
270, 877 

47, 183 
244,750 

533, 742 



11,503 
2, 843, 295 

160, 259 

519, 152 

241, 385 

28,756 
1, 162, 691 

125, 405 



17, 148 
16, 455 
26, 120 
30. 095 



113,664 

91, 154 

85, 291 

52, 336 

383. 041 

950, 291 

75,917 



8, 620, 406 



56, 419 
307, 460 
407, 924 
214, 904 

291, 149 



1, 277, 856 



18, 153, 807 



Pounds 
153, 041 

32, 170 
205, 997 

414,417 

7,398 
2, 551, 064 

151,415 

506, 723 

219, 179 

26, 997 
991, 996 

114,853 



9,475 
(') 
23, 659 
30, 013 



100, 116 

76, 601 

68, 605 

44, 699 

360, 244 

846, 626 



74, 028 
543, 405 



7, 552, 721 



54, 671 
286, 875 
400,195 
165, 820 

222, 090 



1,129,651 



15, 577, 346 



$224, 399 

39, 082 
276, 031 

414, 074 



6,938 
1, 448, 926 

175, 943 

1, 136, 340 

240, 040 

27, 180 
725, 685 

98, 045 



30, 371 

(') 

21, 679 
73, 683 



298, 572 
226, 646 
138, 356 
162, 279 
360, 171 
1, 030, 223 

111,075 
680, 013 



7, 945, 751 



30, 174 
107, 732 
61,613 
46, 094 

211,972 



457, 585 



11, 785, 048 



34 



UliflTED STATES TAEIFF COMMISSIOIsr 



MEDICINALS 

Synthetic medicinals, both coal-tar and non-coal-tar, increased in 
production and sales in 1939. 

In the coal-tar group the output in 1939 was 15,188,000 pounds,, 
and sales were 12,932,000 pounds, valued at $13,711,000, compared 
with production of 11,097,000 pounds and sales of 8.885,000 pounds, 
valued at $9,509,000 in 1938. The 5,372,000 pounds of aspirin manu- 
factured in 1939 represents an increase of 38 percent over 1938. Pro- 
duction and sales of sulfanilamide about doubled. The average sales, 
value dropped from $1.79 a pound in 1938 to $1.28 a pound in 1939. 
Sulfapyridine, used in the treatment of certain types of pneumonia, and', 
synthetic ephedrine, were reported for the first time. Prior to 1939' 
the entire domestic supply of ephedrine had been extracted from 
medicinal plants imported from the Orient. 

The production of non-coal-tar synthetic medicinals in 1939 was 
1,668,000 pounds. Sales were 1,483,000 pounds, valued at $6,120,000. 
In 1938 the output was 1,379,000 pounds, and sales were 1,137,000 
pounds, valued at $2,278,000. The much larger increase in sales value 
than in sales qviantity in 1939 was due to a greater increase in sales 
of certain high-priced products than in the lower-priced commodities 
of the group and to the inclusion for the first time of figures for the 
very high-priced synthetic horjtnones in the group total. 

Statistics of production and sales of synthetic medicinals in 1939 
are shown in table 1 1 , 



Table 11. — Synthetic medicinals: United States production and sales, 1939 

[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on 
p. 58. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification num- 
ber with the designated product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that the sta- 
tistics of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information in regard to individual 
firms. The figures thus concealed, however, are included in the total] 





Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 58) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of medicinal 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAR 

Acetanilide -_.-- ._..__- 


46, 60, 138, 142..... 
60, 142, 209, X 


Pounds 
427, 983 


Pounds 
496, 482 


$116,412 


$0.25 


Acetphenetidin _ .. .__ . 




Acetylamino-hydroxy-phenyl arsonic acid and 

salts (Acetarsone) (Stovarsol). 
Acetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin) 

p-Aminobenzosulfonamide (Sulfanilamide) 

p-Aminobenzoyl di-n-butylamino propanol 


1, 140, X 










60, 142, X, X, X... 
8, 32, 83, 140, 142, 

X. 
1 


5, 371, 682 
709, 148 


5. 343, 234 

'711,099 


2, 520, 282 
911,938 


.47 
1.28 


(Butyn base). 

p-Aminobcnzoyl di-n-butylamino propanol 
sulfate (Butyn sulfate). 

p - Aminobenzoyldiethylaminoethanol ( P r o - 
caine). 

p- Aminobenzoyldimethylaminomethyl bu- 
tanol hyiliocliloride (Tutocain). 

m-Amino-|i-hydr(ixyphcnylarsine oxide hy- 
drochloride (Mapharsen). 

Ammonium mandelate 


1 










1, 25, 83, 155, 209, 

X, X. 
X 


9,218 


10, 588 


293, 478 


27.72 


X 










201 










Amvl-m-cresol 


X 










Antipyrine 


60 . . 












1, 140 










Arsphenamine 


1, 69, 132, 140, 201, 
X. 

X, X 


328 


233 


27, 782 


119. 24 


Barbituric acid derivatives: 

Cyclohexcnylmethylmethyl barbituric acid 

and salt. 
Phenobarbital ... 




1, 25, 83, 132, 140, 

209, X, 
25.... 


109, 825 


131, 182 


514, 262 


3.92: 


Phenobarbital calcium 





SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



35 



Table 11. — Synthetic medicinals: United States production and sales, 1939 — Con. 





Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 58) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of medicinal 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAE— continued 

Barbituric acid derivatives— Continued. 

Phenobarbital sodium, _ 


1, 25, 83, 132, 140, 

209. 
X 


Pounds 

12, 780 


Pounds 
13, 539 


$49, 219 


$3.64 


Phenylethylmethyl barbituric acid 




Phenylethylmethyl urea sodium 


X 










"Benzaldehyde 


X, X 










Benzidine hvdrochloride ..... .... 


X 










3enzochrome 


187 .. 










Benzoic acid- .-_-_- _ 


62, 142, 209 










Benzovl - tetramethyldiamino - ethvl - isopro- 


X 










panol hydrochloride. 
Benzylmethyl ketone 


X 










Bismethvl benzylidine 


X 










Bismuth betanaphthoL 


140 










Bismuth tribromophenol . 


140 












60 










n-Butyl-p-aminobenzoate (Butesin) 


1 










p-Butylaminobenzovl dimethylaraino ethanol. 


X 










a-Butvloxycinchoninic acid diethylethylone 


X 










diamide and hydrochloride. 
Caffeine sodium benzoate -.. -.. -. 


132, 140, 149, X ... 










Caffeine sodium salicvlate 


140 










'Calcium cresol sulfonate 


X . 










Calcium iodoxybenzoate 


X 










Calcium mandelate 


1, 132, 140 . 


10, 914 


9,721 


17,668 


1.82 


'(Colchicine salicylate 


140 . 




m-Cresyl acetate (Cresatin) 


190 










2:5-Diaminetoluene sulfate 


69. . 










Dibenzyl ketone 


X.... .. . 










Di - n - butyl - p - aminobenzoate trinitrophenol 


1 










(Butesin picrate). 
n-Difithy lam inoiso pent vl-8-amino-6-methoxy 


X ... 










quinoline. 
3:4 - Dihydroxy phenyl ethylmethylamine 


32 










(Epinine). 
4-Dimethylamino antip>Tine (Aminopyrine) 


144, X 










62 










Dioxv anthranol (Anthralin) 


1 . 










Disodiumhydroxymercurisalicyloxy acetate 


X 










(Mercurosal). 
Disodium -4-sulfaminophenyl -2-azo -V-acetyl- 


X- 










amino-l-hydroxynaphthalene-Sie-disulfonate. 
Dyes, medicinal, total 




46, 688 


46,234 


1,130,004 


24.44 




144... 




Brilliant green 


144 










3:6-Diamino acridine sulfate (Proflavine) 


1, 144 












1, 144 










(Acriflavine). 


104 










um salt (Mercurochrome). 
'Gentian violet 


144 . . 










Hexalet 


140 










Methylene blue 


8, 144 










Methyl violet 


144 










Parafuchsine 


144 . . 










Phenolsulfonphthalein 


25, 104 










Phenylazo-diamino pyridine hydrochloride 

(Pyridium). 
Scarlet red 


176 










144 










Sulfosalicylic acid 


140 












140 










Ephedrine, svnthetic 


140, X . 










Eserine salicvlate 


140 










Ethocaine borate (Borocaine) 


190, X 










Ethyl-p-amino benzoate (Benzocaine) (Anes- 

thesine). 
Ethylenediamine mandelate 


1, 25, 83, 140, 155, 

209, X, X. 
X 


11,899 


15,295 


49,205 


3.22 


Qamma-diethylaminopropylcinnamate hydro- 
chloride (Apothesine). 
Guaiacol (liquid) 


X 










142, X ... 












1 










(Salihexin). 


190 










Homatropine and salts 


140 












X 












1 










8-Hydroxyquinoline (Oxyquinoline base) 


25, 140 











36 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 11. — Synthetic medicinals: United States production and sales, 1939 — Con, 





Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 58) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of medicinal 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAK— continued 
8-Hydroxyquinoline-5-sulfonic acid 


25, 140, X... 


Pounds 


Pounds 






o-Iodobenzoicacid__ 


69, X 










o-Iodosobenzoic acid 


X 










lodoxyquinoline sulfonicacid (Yatrenacid) 


X, X 










Laevo-methylaminoethanol catechol (Epin- 


X 










ephrine). 
Lithium benzoate ... 


x... 










Lithium salicylate 


X 










Magnesium benzoate 


X 










Magnesium salicylate 


60, 132, X . 


3,791 
42, 423 


4,656 
37, 274 


$4,691 
68, 509 


$1. 01 


Mandelicacid 


1, 132, 140 


1.84 


Menthyl salicylate ._ 


209, X 




2-Methyl-6-chloro-9-diethylaminopentylamino 


X 










anisidine. 
Methyl-m-amino-p-hydroxy benzoate (Ortho- 


X 










form). 
Methylene-citrylsalicvlic acid (Novaspirin) 


X 










Methylene disalicylic acid derivative (Formi- 


X 










dine). 
p-Methylphenyl cinchoninic ethyl ester (Neo- 


1,8, 25 


5,560 


4,747 


47, 152 


9.93 


cinchophen). 
Mono n-amvlaminoethyl p-aminobenzoate 


155 




(Amylcaine). 
Monoisobutylaminoethyl p-aminobenzoate 


155 










(Monocaine). 
Neoarsphenamine - 


1, 69, 132, 140, 201, 

X. 
1 


9,686 


9,609 


903,685 


94.05 


Neo-silver arsphenamine - - - 




Neo-synephrin hydrochloride 


X.... _ 










Nicotinic acid 


83,86, 140, 149 










Nicotinic acid amide - 


86 










Oxyquinoline benzoate 


25, 140 










Oxyquinoline citrate 


140 










Oxyquinoline sulfate . . . 


25, 140 










Oxyquinoline tannate 


25 










Phenolphthalein 


142, 164, X 










Phenolsulfonates (calcium, sodium, zinc, etc.).. 
Phenyl isocyanate .. 


132, 140 










69.. 










b-PhenyHsopropyl amine and sulfate 


X.. .. . 










Phenyl, mercuric acetate 


70, 93 










Phenyl mercuric benzoate 


93 :. . 










Phenyl mercuric chloride . 


93 










Phenyl mercuric hydroxide 


70, 93... 










Phenyl mercuric nitrate 


70,93 










Phenvl-propanolamine hydrochloride (Pro- 


190 










padrin hydrochloride) . 
2-Phenylquinoline-4-carboxylic acid (Cincho- 


8, 25 










phen) (Phenyl cinchoninic acid). 
Potassium oxyquinoline sulfate 


26.. 










Propyl p-aminobenzoate - 


X 










Pyramidon and trichloroethvl alcohol ure- 


X 










thane compounds. 
Pyridine-b-carboxylic acid diethylamide 


X 










Resorcinol 


62, X 










Resorcinol monoacetate 


69, 140, X 


4,299 
4, 259, 675 


3,575 
2, 307, 174 


9,057 
662, 437 


2.53 


Salicylic acid 


60, 142, X 


.24 


Salicylic acid acetyl-p-amino phenolate 

Salol 


X 




60 










Silver arsphenamine . . 


1, X 










Sodium diphenyl hydantoinate (Dilantin) 

Sodium o-iodohippurate 


X, X 










132 










Sodium methylene sulfonamino-hydroxy- 

phenyl arsoaate (Aldarsone). 
Sodium salicylate 


1 










60, 142, X 


497, 234 


519, 266 


215, 028 


.41 


Sodium p-toluene sulfochloramide (Chlora- 

mine T). 
Sodium succinate 


142 




140 










Strontium salicylate 


60, 132, X 










2-Sulfanilamido pyridine (Sulfapyridine) 

mide). 
Sulfoarsphenamine ... 


8, 140 










1, 59, 132, 140, X.. 
60 


169 


135 


20,987 


155. 46 


Tetrachlorophenol 




Tetraiodophcnolphthalein and sodium salt 
(lodeikon) (Antinosin). 


25, 32, 69, 132, 140, 

144. 
132, 140, 149 . 


11, 192 


6,250 


101, 643 


16.26 


Theocalcin 


140 










Theophylline calcium salicylate 


140 











SY]!^THETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 37 

Table 11. — Synthetic medicinals: United States production and sales, 1939 — Con. 





Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 58) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of medicinal 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAR— continued 
Theophylline sodium salicylate 


132, 140 


Pounds 


Pounds 






p-Tolqene sulfodichloramide (DichloramineT)- 


142 










60 












32 






















Total coal-tar medicinals: 

Those for which individual statis- 


11. 497, 806 
3,690,472 


9, 624, 059 
3,307,652 


$6,433,435 
7, 277, 462 


$0.67 


tics are shown. 
Those for which individual statis- 




2.20 


tics cannot be shown. 






Grand total. 


15,188,278 


12,931,711 


13,710,897 


1.06 




X 




(B) NON-COAL-TAR 

Acetannin (Tannigen) (Tannyl acetate) 










69 










Aminoacetic acid (Glycocol) (Glycine) 

p-Amino di-n-butylaminopropanol hydrochlo- 
ride (Butyn hydrocloride). 
Amyl nitrite (Isoamyl nitrite) 


5, 25, 60, 62, 83, 

163, 209. 
1 


















69, 132, X 










Ascorbic acid ... 


100,140,164 

1 


15, 654 


16, 405 


707,844 


43.15 






Barbituric acid derivatives, total 




167, 393 


87, 607 


600, 975 


6.86 




1 




Cyclohexenyl ethyl barbituric acid and 

salts. 
Diallylbarbituric acid and salts 


X 










X, X 










Dibromobarbituric acid and salts (Dibro- 
min). 


X 










1, 83, 100, X 










tal). 


1 126 










salts. 
Ethyl-1-methyl butyl thiobarbituric acid 
and salts. 


1 










X 










salts. 
Hexylethyl barbiturate sodium (Ortal 

sodium). 
Isoamyl ethyl barbituric acid and salts 


X 










126 










X 












X 










Monoethvl-othyl malonic acid 


1 










Pentobarbital sodium 


X . ... 










Propyl-methyl-carbinyl-allyl-barbiturate 
sodium. 
Benzoic acid ester of a-estradiol (Progynon-B) . . 


126 










186 










60 132 












X 










Butyl ethyl malonic ester (n and sec.) 


1 - . 












164 












X, X 










Cami)hor (synthetic). (See table 15 (B).) 


X 












140, 142 










Chloroform. (See table 15 (B).) 


140 












186 












1. 










Disodium of Sr.S-diiodo-n-methylchelidamic- 
2:6-dicarboxylic acid (Neo-iopax) . 


186 










1 










Ethyl chloride. (See table 15 (B).) 
Ethy] ethor. (See table 15 (B).) 


186 












186 












X 










Ethyl iodide 


69, 70, 132, 140.- 












1, 100 - 












1 










Ethyl nitrite... . - - -.- 


80, 132, 140 

X 


13,940 


15,305 


10,673 


.70 








X 












69, 132 












142, X 










Hexamethylenetetramine 


62, X 











38 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION" 

Table 11. — Synthetic medicinals: United States production and sales, 1939 — Con. 



Name of medicinal 


Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 58) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(B) NON-COAL-TAR— continued 
Hexamethylenetetramineanhydromethylene 


X.. 


Pounds 


Pounds 






^ citrate. 

Hexamethylenetetramine tetra iodide 


X. 












132,140,149 

X. 


12, 498 


11, 479 


$42, 224 


$3.68 


lodomethane sulfate sodium 






108 










Menthol (synthetic) 


209, X, X 










Menthol ester of valeric acid (Validol) 


155, X 










Methyl iodide - 


69,70, 132, 140 

X 


1,513 


1,215 


4,725 


3.89 


Methylene citric acid . 




Methylene iodide . ._ . . . 


69, 140, X... 










Progesterone (Proluton) . . ._ 


186 










Sodium bismuth-thioglycollate (Thiobismol).— 


X 










Sodium formaldehyde sulfoxylate 


X- .. 










Sulfonethylmethane 


132 . 












132 












62, 97, 140, X 

186 


75, 081 


66, 236 


22, 355 


.34 


Testosterone (Oreton-F).- . . 




Testosterone propionate (Oreton) 


186 










Theobromine sodium acetate 


132, 149 










Theophylline and derivatives: 

Base - -- 


25, 132, X.. - 










Ethylenediamine ( Aminophylline) 

Methylglucamine (Glucaphylline) 


10, 25, 61, 83, 140, 

173,X,X,X,X. 

1 


16, 294 


6,958 


91, 880 


13.20 


Sodium acetate 


83, 132, X 










Thiamin chloride (Vitamin B) 


100, 140-. .- 










Thioethamyl sodium ... 


X. 










Thvmol - 


X, X 










Thymol iodide. . 


132, 140,149 

60, X 


5,829 


7,155 


24, 575 


3.43 


Tribromomethane (Bromoform)... 




Tribromotertiarybutyl alcohol (Brometone) 


X 










Trichloroacetic acid 


60 










Trichlorotortiarybutyl alcohol (Chloretone) 
(Chlorobutanol). 


25, 140, X, X, X, X 
70 


18, 068 


7,799 


23, 111 


2.96 














Total non-coal-tar medicinals: 

Those for which individual statis- 


158, 877 
1, 509, 349 


132, 552 
1, 350, 040 


927, 387 
5, 192, 326 


7.00 


tics are shown. 
Those for which individual statistics 




3.85 


cannot be shown. 






Grand total 




1, 668, 226 


1, 482, 592 


6, 119, 713 


4.13 









FLAVORS AND PERFUME MATERIALS 

Synthetic flavors and perfume materials, both those derived from 
coal tar and those obtained from non-coal-tar raw materials, advanced 
m production and sales in 1939. Of the output in 1939 of 5,349,000 
poundsof those of coal-tar origin, 4,938,000 pounds were sold for $4,447,- 
000, representing increases of 39 percent in production, 35 percent in sales 
quantity, and 32 percent in sales value over 1938. Sales of coumarin 
advanced 45 percent with a decline in value from $2.51 a pound in 
1938 to $2.34 a pound in 1939. Sales of vanillin increased 33 percent 
by quantity and 19 percent by value. 

The output of non-coal-tar flavors and perfume materials in 1939 
was 2,137,000 pounds. Sales were 2,233,000 pounds valued at 
$1,588,000. Production was 45 percent more than in 1938, while 
sales were up 72 percent by quantity and 101 percent by value. 
Among the products that advanced in production and sales were 
anisic aldehyde, citral, geraniol, geranyl acetate, ionone, and terpineol. 
The production of heliotropin was less in 1939 than in 1938. 

Statistics of production and sales of synthetic organic flavors and 
perfume materials in 1939 are shown in table 12. 



SYNTHETIC ORGAIS^IC CHEMICALS 



39 



Table 12. — Synthetic flavors and perfume materials: United States production and 

sales, 1939 

[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on 
p. 58. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification 
number with the designated product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that the 
statistics of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information in regard to individual 
firms. The figures thus concealed, however, are included in the total] 





Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 58) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of flavor or perfume material 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAR 

Acetophenone .- _.. 


82, 1]5,X,X 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Amyl benzoate 


76,78,220 


178 
67, 932 

83, 165 








Amyl cinnamic aldehyde --- 


76, 78, 115, 220, 224, X, 

X, X, X. 
60, 78, 115, 196, X, X, 

x,x. 

102 


66, 815 
80, 818 


$96, 047 
37, 884 


$1 44 


Amyl salicvlate .. - ... 


47 


Belzal chloride ..- . 




Benzal glycerin _ .. _ 


X 










Benzophenone 

Benzyl acetate . 


82, 115, X, X, X 

78, 115, 196, X, X, X.- 


47, 032 


40, 154 


30, 825 


.77 


Benzyl alcohol . . 


102, 115, 196, X, X, X, 
X. 

78, 115, 196, 209, X, X, 
X. 

76, 78, X, X ... 


149, 217 

54, 554 

189 


130, 174 

56, 118 

335 


66, 041 

37, 243 

557 


.51 


Benzyl benzoate 


.66 


Benzyl butyrate. . . . . 


1 66 


Benzyl cinnamate. - .. 


78,82,X,X 




Benzyl eugenol... 


224 










Benzyl formate . . 


78, 220, X.. .- 


89 


97 


292 


3 01 


Benzyl isoeugenol . 


78, 224, X_. 




Benzyl propionate . 


76, 78,224, X,X,X,X-_ 
78,82,220,224, X,X,X_ 
76,78 


2, 381 
18, 830 


2,144 
20, 451 


3,256 
29, 736 


1.52 


Benzyl salicvlate 


1 45 


Benzyl valerate .. . 




Benzylidine acetone 


220, X,X 










Bromstvrol 


25,X,X 










Butylphenyl acetate 


76 










Carvacro! (isopropyl-o-cresol) 


209 .... 










Cinnamic acid . ... 


82, X,X 










Cinnamic alcohol 


82,X,X 










Cinnamic aldehyde 


196, X, X- 










Cinnamvl acetate 


76,78,224,X,X,X._... 
76 


353 


307 


1,649 


5.37 


Cinnamyl anthranilate 




Cinnamyl isobutyrate . ... . 


76,X,X 


36 
63 








Cinnamyl iso valerianate .. 


76, X, X 








Cinnamvl propionate 


224.. 








Cinnamyl valerianate 


78 . 










Coumarin (synthetic) 


60,62,138,142 


235, 633 


225, 068 


525, 695 


2.34 


p-Cresyl acetate .- ... 


78, X 




p-Cresylmethyl ether ... 


x,x 










p-Cresylphenyl acetate 


78, 224, X 










Diethyl succinate 


X . - - .. 










Dimethyl acetal of phenylacetaldehyde.. 
Dimethyl anthranilate 


82, X 










76, X 










Dimethvlbenzyl carhinol 


78,220 










Dimethvlhenzvl oarbinol acetate 


220, 224 












62, X . . 










Diphenvlmethane-. . 


X 






■ 




Diphenyl oxide . .. 


60, 78, X 










Ethyl anthranilate . . 


76,78,X 

78, 154, 220, X, X 

78,220 


218 
1,173 


159 
1,145 


510 
1,352 


3.21 


Ethvl benzoate . 


1.18 


Ethyl cinnamate 




Ethylmethylphenyl glycidate 


76, X 










Ethylphonyl acetate 


2.5, X 










Ethyl salicvlate 


78, X, X 




231 


209 


.90 


Ethvl vanillin (Vanaldol) 


138, 142, X 






Oeranyl benzoate 


224 










Guaiacol acetate 


76 










p-Hydro.\y benzoic acid esters (Asepto- 
form) . 


X 










117 .- 












78 










Isobutyl benzoate 


76, X 












76, 78, 220, X 












78,224 










Linalyl anthranilate 


78.224 












224 












224 










Menthvl benzoate 


102 










Methvl acetophenone.. 


78,82, 115, X.X.. 

60,62, X 

78, 154, 209, 220, X, X, 
X. 


7, 253 
26,940 


11,147 
25,416 


10,928 
42, 806 


.98 


Methyl anthranilate . . . . 


1.68 


Methyl benzoate 















40 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 12. — Synthetic flavors and perfume materials: United States production and 

sales, 1939 — Continued 





Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 58) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of flavor or perfume material 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAR— continued 
Methyl cinnamate- 


25, 220, X, X, X, X, X, 
76, 78, X 


Pounds 
22, 249 

111 


Pounds 
21, 731 


$25, 707 


$1.18 


Methyl p-cresoL- 




Methylnaphthyl ketone 


78, 82, X, X . 


3,636 


6,458 


1.78 


Methylphenyl acetate 


25,82, X,X,X 






Methylphenyl carbinol 


82, X 










Methylphenyl carbinyl acetate 


82, X 










Methvl salicylate- . 


60, 142, 209, X, X_... 
62, X, X 


1, 684, 619 


1, 664, 740 


489, 102 


.29 


Musk ambrette . 




Musk ketone 


62, X, X . 










Musk xylol-- .-- - 


62, X, X 


90, 891 


81, 404 


70, 699 


.87 


-b-Naphth vl ethyl ether (Nerolin) 


82, 115 




b-Naphthyl methyl ether (Yara yara) . .. 


82, 115 










Phenylacet acetal 


76 










Phenvlacetic acid 


25,82, 115,220, X 

78, 82, X . 


5,629 


5,295 


6,155 


1.16 


Phenylacetic aldehyde .-- .. . 




Phenylethyl acetate 


1, 78, 115, 220, X 

60, 115, 220, 225, X.... 
78 


22, 589 
147, 522 








Phenylethyl alcohol 


153, 983 


267, 373 


1.74 


Phenvlethvl butyrate 




Phenylethyl formate .. 


224, X 










Phenylethylphenyl acetate 


78, X 










Phenylethyl propionate 


220, X. 











Phenylethyl salicylate 


62, 76 










Phenylethyl valerate. 


76, X, X . 


97 


100 


696 


6.06 


Phenylpropyl acetate. 


224, X 




Phenylpropyl propionate 


76 










Propyl cinnamate 


76 










Saccharin. -- 


142 . 










Salicyl aldehyde 


60,62 










Tolyl acetate-- 


X 










Tolyl aldehyde 


X 










Trichloromethylphenyl carbinol acetate 


X 










(Rosetone). 
Vanillidine 


X 










Vanillin 


138, 142, 185, X, X, X.. 


608,614 


604, 972 


1, 198, 153 


1.98 






Total coal-tar flavors and perfume 
materials: 
Those for which individual 


3, 277, 557 
2, 071, 565 


3, 196, 440 
1, 741, 572 


2, 949, 373 
1, 497, 754 


.92 


statistics are shown. 
Those for which individual 




.86 


statistics cannot be shown 






Grand total 


5, 349, 122 


4, 938, 012 


4, 447, 127 


.90 




76, X 




Aldehyde: ^«^ non-coal-tar 

C 7 (Heptyl) 










C 10 (Decyl) 


220 .. 










Allyl caproate 


76, 78, X, X . 










Allyl propionate 


76.... 










Amyl butyrate. . 


33,76,X 










Amyl caproate . 


X 










Amyl formate 


X 










Amyl laurate. .. 


X 










Anethol 


97,147 










Anisic aldehyde (Aubepine) 

Anisyl formate 


62, X, X, X, X.... 

76 


32, 852 


30, 834 


70, 535 


2.29 


Butyl anthranilate 


76 










n-Butyl butyrate 


76, 78, 80, 154 












76 










Capryl butyric acid. 


78 










Capryl butyric ether 


78 










Cedrvl acetate .. .. 


224 . 










Cedrvl butyrate 


224.. 










Cedryl formate - 


224. . 










Cetyl alcohol 


224. . . 










Citral 


33, 62, 76, 128, 220, X, 
X, X, X, X, X, X, 
X. 

76, 224. X, X 


33, 384 


29,976 


43, 719 


1.46 


Citronellal 




•Citronellol 


62, 82, 115, 209, 220, 

224, X, X, X, X. 
78, X 


43, 176 


44,144 


59, 842 


1.36 


Citronellyl acetate 




Citronellyl formate 


224 










Citronellyl propionate 


76 . 












224 










Diacetyl 


25, X 










Dlbutyl carbinol 


X 










Dihydrovanillone 


78 











SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



41 



Table 12. 



-Synthetic flavors and perfume materials: United States production and 
sales, 1939 — Continued 





Manufacturers' 

identification 

numbers (according 

to list on p. 58) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of flavor or perfume material 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(B) NON-COAL-TAR— continued 
Dihydroxy citronellic ketone 


78 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Dimethyl octanol 


209, X 










Ettiyl butyrate - - . - 


76,80, 154, X, X 

154, X 


44, 930 


47,231 


$29, 712 


$0.63 






Ethyl iso valerate 


154, X, X 










Ethvl laurate 


76 










Ethyl myristate 


X 










Ethyl oenanthate 


76,78, 154, X.X 

76, 78, 128, 220 


7,218 
10, 767 


4,851 
11, 346 


3,581 
7,033 


.74 


Ethyl oxyhydrate 


.62 


Ethyl sebacate 


76, X 




Ethvl n-valerate 


78, 80 










Eugenyl acetate 


224 












224 










Formate: 
C-10 


76 










C-I2 


76 










Geraniol.- .. . . . 


62, 76, 82, 115, 209, 214, 
220, 224, X, X, X, 
XXX 

62, 76, 78, 82, 115, 209, 
220, 224, X, X, X. 

78, 224, X 


348,324 
26, 712 


355, 739 
27, 622 


236, 596 
24,970 


.66 


Geranyl acetate. -. 


.90 


Geranvl butvrate 






78, 224, X 










Geranyl propionate 


76 












X, "x, X 


28,035 










62, X, X 








Hydroxy citronellal diethyl acetal 


X . 










Hydroxy citronellal dimethyl acetal 


76, X, X 










lonone 


62, 138, 220, 225, X, X, 
X, X, X, X. 

78, 80, 154, X 


■ 78, 366 
7,023 


91,642 

6,125 

277 

1,200 


169, 790 

4,493 

224 

1,665 


1.85 




.73 


Isoamyl formate 


78, 154, X 


.81 


Isoamyl iso valerate 


76, 80, 154, X, X 

80, X, X 


1,284 


1.39 


Isoamyl propionate 






62 












62, 76 










Isobutyl acetate .. . 


76, 78, 154 


341 








Isobutyl butyrate 


78 










76 










Isoeugenol 


76, 224, X, X, X 












224 










Isopropyl caproate ... . ... 


76... 










Isopulegol 


62, 82, 209, X 










Lavadin acetate 


224 










Linalyl acetate 


76, 78, 220, X, X 












76,78 












209 










Menthone 


78, 209, X 












209 












76, 224, X, X 












62, 138, 220, 225, X, X, 

X. 
76, 224, X 


70, 508 


73,491 


161,977 


2.20 


Methyl isoeugenol 






224 












224 










Octyl acetate 


224 










Octyl butyrate 


X, X 










76 










Peppermint oil (synthetic) 


209 










Khodinol-- 


62, 76, 78, 82, 128, 214, 
220, 224, X, X, X, X, 
X.X. 

76 224, X 


10, 274 
31 


6,661 


75, 748 


11.37 






Rhodinyl acetate 


76, 224 








Rhodinyl propionate 


224 










Santalvl acetate 


224 ... 












224 










Terpineol 


62,76, 147, X 


694,242 


872, 115 


190,068 


.22 




62 




Terpinyl acetate 


62, 76, 224, X 












76, X 










Vertiwrol acetate 


76,224,X,X 










Total non-coal-tar flavors and per- 
fume materials: 




1,437,467 
699, 677 


1,603,254 
629,666 


1,079,953 
507,986 


.67 


tistics are shown. 
Those for which individual sta- 




.81 


tistics cannot be shown. 






Grand total 


2, 137, 144 


2,232,920 


1,587,939 


.71 









42 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



SYNTHETIC RESINS 

The total production of 213,028,000 pounds of synthetic resins 
(coal-tar and non-coal-tar) in 1939 was the highest on record, exceeding 
by 82,669,000 pounds the output in 1938, and by 49,997,000 pounds 
the previous peak in 1937. The 1939 production, by principal uses,, 
was 54,807,000 pounds for molding and casting, 18,411,000 pounds for 
laminating, 100,180,000 pounds for paints and varnishes, and 39,- 
630,000 pounds for other uses. Corresponding figures for 1938 are 
33,538,000 pounds for molding and casting, 10,189,000 pounds for 
laminating, 56,528,000 pounds for paints and varnishes, and 30,104,- 
000 pounds for other uses. 

The 179,338,000 pounds of resins of coal-tar origin in 1939 exceeded 
by 68 percent the output in 1938. Alkyd resins were up 87 percent 
and tar acid resins 58 percent. 

The production of non-coal-tar synthetic resins in 1939 was 33,690,- 
000 pounds, or 44 percent more than in 1938. The rapid expansion 
in the use of urea resins for surface coatings resulted in an increase 
in their production of more than 100 percent. An increase of several 
fold in sales of the vinyl acetyl resins, higher in price than other non- 
coal-tar resins, resulted in a change in the average unit value of sales 
of all non-coal-tar resins from $0.41 in 1938 to $0.46 in 1939. The 
average value per pound of sales of urea resins decreased from $0.44 
to $0.36 during the year. 

Statistics of production and sales of synthetic resins m 1939 are- 
shown in table 13. 



Table 13. — Synthetic resins: United States production and sales, 1939 

[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on 
p. 58. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number 
with the designated product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that the statistics- 
of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information in regard to individual firms. 
The figures thus concealed, however, are included in the total] 





Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

on p. 58) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of resin 


Quan- 
tity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAE 

Alkyd: 

Maleic anhydride 


7, 34,97, 113, 125, 207, X, X, X, 
X, X, X. 

2, 7, 31, 62, 88, 98, 113, 131, 169, 
178, 181, 207, 219, X, X, X, 
X, X, X,X, X,X,X, x,x, 
X, x,x,x,x,x,x,x,x. 

22, 146 


Pounds 
6, 263, 642 

70, 208, 098 


Pounds 
4, 929, 403 

33, 161, 064 


$925, 048 
6, 925, 898 


$0.19 


Phthalic anhydride 


.21 








62 -- - 












X ... . 












142 










Tar acids: 

Cresols or cresylic acid 

Phenol: 

For casting 


18, 64, 88, 159, 179, 213, X, X, 
X, X, X, X, X, X. 

38, 110, 133, 142, X, X 

18, 48, 52, 64, 88, 179, X, X, X, 

X X 
7, 18, 34', 38, 64, 88, 98, 125, 178, 

181, 207, X, X, X, X, X, X, 

X, X. 
88 131, 181, X, X, X, X, X 


10, 515, 557 

8, 517, 368 
19, 421, 778 

27, 785, 891 


7, 893, 863 

8, 252, 263 
17, 396, 556 

25, 766, 207 


1, 063, 772 

3, 152, 444 

2, 571, 930 

3, 738, 052 


.13- 
.38- 


For molding . 


.15 




.14 








88, X, X, X, X 


442, 899 










88, X, X, X 




















Total coal-tar resins 


179,337,857 


128,419,871 


23, 028, 083 


.18- 
















SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 43 

Table 13. — Synthetic resins: United States production and sales, 1939 — Continued 





Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

on p. 58) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of resin 


Quan- 
tity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(B) NON-COAL-TAR 


97, X 


Pounds 


Pounds 








62, 181, X .. 












X 










Petroleum _ 


X, X . 










Polyamide . -- 


62 












X 












7, 62, 178, 181, X, X, X, X 

X 


16, 569, 343 


14, 556, 232 


$5, 288, 767 


$0.36 








62, X . _ 










Vinyl acetate and chloride 


36, 60,89, X - . 






















33, 689, 691 34. 876. 766 


15,983,405 


.46 













RUBBER CHEMICALS 

With the increase in the manufacture of rubber products, partic- 
ularly tires, synthetic organic chemicals for use in compounding 
rubber increased greatly m production and sales in 1939. Coal-tar 
rubber chemicals were up 60 percent in production. The increase in 
those used as accelerators was 47 percent, and in those used as anti- 
oxidants 69 percent. 

Statistics of total production and sales of non-coal-tar rubber 
chemicals are shown separately for the first time. Heretofore these 
data have been included under the miscellaneous non-coal-tar chemi- 
cals group to avoid revealing confidential information. These non- 
coal-tar rubber chemicals increased considerably in production and 
sales, but less than did those of coal-tar origin. 

Statistics of production and sales of synthetic rubber chemicals 
are shown in table 14. 

Table 14. — Synthetic rubber chemicals: United States production and sales, 1939 

JThe numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on 
p. 58. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number 
with the designated product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that the statistics 
of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information in regard to individual firms. 
The figures thus concealed, however, are included in the total] 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (ac- 
cording to list 
on p. 58) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAR 

Accelerators, total. _ 




Pounds 
12, 090, 444 


Pounds 
7, 772, 922 


$3,543,376 


$0.46 




62, 142, X 




Aldehyde-amines: 

Acel aldehyde aniline 










Butvrrildelivde aniline .-. 


62,89, 142, X 

X 


524,422 


235, 018 


154, 380 


.66 






Elhyl b-iiro]jylacryl aniline.. 

Hepttildehvde aniline 


41 










X 










Methylene aniline (anhydro- 
formaldehvde aniline'), 
other: 


62, 142 










89 . . 












89 












X 










ate. 













252005—40- 



44 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 14. — Synthetic rubber chemicals: United States production and sales\. 

1939 — Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (ac- 
cording to list 
on p. 58) 




Sales 


Name of chemical 


Produc- 
tion 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAK 

Accelerators— Continued. 
Other— Continued. 

Benzothiazole thiobenzoate .. -.- 


142 


Pounds 


Pounds 








X, X 










Benzothiazyl-ethvl-thiocarbonate 


X 










Benzothiazyl-2-sulphenethylam- 


X 










ide. 
Carbon disulfide on methylene 


142 










dimethylcyclohexylamine. 
Carbon disulfide on methylene 


142 










dipiperidine. 
p-p'Diaminodiphenylmethane 


X 










Dibenzothiazyl dimethyl thiol- 


142 










urea. 
D Ibenzothiazyldimethylthiol- 


142 ..-. 










urea, diphenylguanidinephthal- 
ate and anhydroformaldehyde 
aniline. 


X 










Dimethylethylenediphenyl- 


41 










dithiocarbamate lead salt. 
Dinitrophenylbenzothiazvl sul- 


142 










fide plus diphenylguanidine 

acetate. 
Dinitrophenyldimethyldithio- 

carbamate. 
Dinitrophenyl ester of mercapto- 

benzothiazole. 
Diphenylcarbamyl dimethyldi- 

thiocarbamate. 


X -. .- 










142 










X 










7,60,62, 142 

142 


1, 852, 136 


1, 234, 817 


$412, 183 


$0.33 


Diphenylguanidine acetate 

Diphenylguanidine oxalate 

Diphenylguanidine phthalate 

Diphenylguanidine and dinitro- 
phenyl ester of mercaptobenzo- 
thiazole. 
Diphenylguanidine phthalate, 
diphenylguanidine and dinitro- 
phenyl ester of mercaptobenzo- 
thiazble. 




X 










142, X 










142 










142 










62, X 












62 










Hexamethylenetetramine ester of 
mercaptobenzothiazole. 


142 










142, X . 










Mercaptobenzothiazole on benzyl 
chloride addition of hexa- 
methylenetetramine. 

Mercaptobenzothiazole-cyclo- 
hexylamine. 

Mercaptobenzothiazole methyl- 
ene aniline. 

Mercaptobenzothiazole methyl- 
ene-o-to)uidine. 

MercaptohenzotMazole lead salt-. 

Mercaptobenzothiazole sodium 
salt. 

Mercaptobenzothiazole zinc salt_. 

Methylene mercaptobenzothia- 
zole. 

Methylene-p-toluidine (anhydro- 
formaldehyde p-toluidine). 

Pi[)eridine penta methylene 
dithiocarbamate and pota.s- 
sium salt. 

Reaction product, mercaptoben- 
zothiazole- formaldehyde-cresy- 
lic acid-hevamethylenetetramine. 


62 










142 










X 










X 










62 










142, X 










62 142 X X 










142 










62 










62 X, X 










X 










62,144 












142,144 












144 -- 










Other accelerators 


X .— 











SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



45 



Table 14. — Synthetic rubber chemicals: United States production and sales, 

1939— Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identificatio n 
numbers (ac- 
cording to list 
on p. 58) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAR— continued 
Antioxidants, total 




Pounds 
17, 875, 981 


Pounds 
13. 191. 775 


J6, 537, 726 


$0.50 




X_... 


, 




Acetaldehyde aniline 










p-Aminodiphenyl acetone compound. 


142 










Aniline-acetone 


142 










Aniline-acetone, acid derivatives 


142 ._ . 










Aniline-b-naphthol 


62 










Antox. _^ . _ ._. _-- - 


62 










Croton vlidine-a -naphthylamine 


89 












142 










b-Di-p-hvdroxy phenvlpropane- 


X 










Dimethoxy diphenylamine 


62 










Diphenvlamine acetone 


X 










Diphenylamine acetone formalde- 


X 










hyde. 
Diphenvl ethvlenediamine--- - 


41 










s-Di (b-naphthol) p-phenvlenediamine. 


89 










Diphenvl-p-phenvlenediamine -- 


62,89,X 


1, 101, 640 








Diphenyl-p-phenvlenediamine and 


142 








p-aminodiphenyl acetone com- 
pound. 
Diphenvl-p-phenvlenediamine and 


142 










aniline acetone, acid derivatives. 
Ditolvlamines . ._ _ 


89 










Di-o-tolvlethvlenediamine.- - 


41 










Di-o-tolylguanidine salt of dicatechol 


62 










borate. 
Hydrogenated phenyl-b-naphthyla- 


X... 










mine. 
p-Hvdroxv diphenvlamine 


62 










Hydroxyphen vl morpholine 


62 










Isopropoxv dinhen vlamine 


89 










Methvlene-b-naphthol _ _- _. 


X . 










p-Methyl-p-(p-tolylsulfonylamino) 


X 










diphenylamine. 
Mono benzvl ether of hydro quinone.- 


89 










Phenol-cvclohexanone compound 


142. 










Phenvl-a-naphthvlamine. 


62, 144 










Phenvl-b-naphthvlamine 


62, 85, 89 










Phen vl-b-naphth vlnitrosamine - - 


X 










Polvethvlene polynamine plus b- 


X 










naphthol. 
Thiophenvl-b-naphthvlamine-.- 


X .. 










2:2:4-Trimethyldihydroquinolineand 


89 










polymers. 
Other antioxidants 


41, X 






















Total coal-tar rubber chemicals 


29, 966, 425 


20. 964. 697 


10, 081, 102 


.48 




62,142 






(b) non-coal-tar 

Accelerators: 

Aldehvde ammonia 










Dimethvlaminodimethyldithiocar- 


142 










bamicacid zinc salt. 
Dipena methylene thlouramtetra 


62 










sum le. 
Dithijcarbamatcs: 

Amvl-ammonium-zinc dimethyl.. 


X 










Diethyl ammonium-diethyl 


X 












234.. 










Selenium diethyl 


234 










Selenium tetra diethyl 


X ... 










Tolluriinn diethyl 


234 










Zinc dihutvl .- 


234, X.. 










Zinc diethyl . .. .. 


234.x 






:::::::::::::::::: 


Zinc dimcthvL. 


X,X... 










p-Nitroso(iimcthvIamine . 


62 . .. 










Tetraamvlthiouram monosulfide 


X 










Tetramethylthiouram sulfide and 

disulfide. 
Triethyl trimethylenetriamine 


62, 142,X,X 

X 


471, 699 


369, 984 


851, 518 


2.30 



46 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 14. Synthetic rubber chemicals : United States production and sales, 

i 939— Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (ac- 
cording to list 
on p. 58) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(B) NON-COAL-TAR— continued 

Accelerators— Continued. 
Xanthates: 

Chloronaphtha 


142 - 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Di-n-butvlxantho disulfide 


X 












60,142 












60,X 












60,142 










Potassium isopropyl 


60, X 










Potassium pentasol 


60 










Sodium butyl 


X 












60 .- 












x,x 












X 






















Total non-coal-tar rubber chemi- 


13, 122, 206 


11, 896, 450 


$3, 086. 119 


$0.26 


cals. 







MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 

The miscellaneous coal-tar chemicals group includes all unrelated 
commodities and groups of commodities not properly classifiable under 
any of the specified groups. Although the groups are comparable for 
1938 and 1939 as to classifications of individual commodities, a com- 
parison of group totals is of little significance because of the heteroge- 
neous nature of the products making up these totals. The production 
of coal-tar textile chemicals increased from 5,791,000 pounds in 1938 
to 9,452,000 pounds in 1939. Sales advanced proportionately. Hy- 
droquinone, shown under photographic chemicals, is the photographic 
grade only. The technical grade is included under coal-tar interme- 
diates. Plasticizers of coal-tar origin are shown separately as a sub- 
group for the first time. 

The miscellaneous non-coal-tar group includes the bulk of the non- 
coal-tar synthetic products and consists of industrial chemicals that 
cannot be grouped as meclicinals, aromatic chemicals, rubber chemi- 
cals, or resins. The output of miscellaneous non-coal-tar synthetic 
organic chemicals in 1939 was 2,984,038,000 pounds as compared with 
2,383,168,000 pounds in 1938. In this group sorne of the important 
products that advanced in production were acetic acid 23 percent, 
acetic anhydride 58 percent, butyl alcohol 56 percent, carbon tetra- 
chloride 16 percent, and isopropyl alcohol 27 percent. Sales of ace- 
tone were up 50 percent, and of synthetic methanol 39 percent. 
Commodities representing a large part of the total production of mis- 
cellaneous non-coal-tar products cannot be shown separately without 
revealing confidential information. Among such products in 1939 
were: Synthetic camphor, crotonaldehyde, synthetic ethyl alcohol, 
ethyl chloride, ethylene dibromide, ethylene dichloride, ethylene gly- 
col, synthetic methanol, and tetraethyl lead. Non-coal-tar plasticiz- 
ers are shown as a subgroup for the first time. 

Statistics of production and sales of miscellaneous synthetic organic 
chemicals are shown in table 15. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



47 



Table 15. 



-Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals: 
sales, 1939 



United States production and 



[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on 
p. 58. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification 
number with the designated product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that the 
statistics of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information in regard to indi- 
vidual firms. The figures thus concealed, however, are included in the total] 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (ac- 
cording to list 
on p. 58) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAR 

Amino diethyl hydroquinone 


X - 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Benzoate of ammonia 


102, 142 










Benzoate of soda 


62, 102, 142, 209, 

X. 
X 










Benzoyl peroxide 










Benzylated phenol (Santophens) 


142 .. _ 










Biological stains and chemical indicators 


96, 123, 144, 211, 

X, X. 
142 










Butyl catechol 










CyclanoL . . . . 


62... 










Cyclohexane ^. . 


22 










Cyclohexanone 


22, X 










Cyclohexanyl acetate - 


224 










Decahydrogaphthalene (Decalin). 


62 . 










Diamylhvdroquinone 


142 










Diphenylethane poiymer - . -. --. 


X 










a-a-Dipvridyl ._ . 


70 










Gases (poisonous, tear, etc.): 
Chloroacctophenone 


75 










Chloropicrin . _.; . 


X, X 










Diphenylamine chlorarsine.- - 


X 










Gasoline antioxidants 


62 










Hexalin (Cyclohexanol) 


22, 102, X 










Insecticides (synthetic) : 
Aromatic thiocyanates 


102, 117 










Other 


203 










Lauryl pyridinium chloride - 


102 










Methyl cyclohexane 


22 










Methvl cyclohexanone,-. ... 


22,62, 102 










Methyl hexalin (Methyl cvclohexanol) 


22, 62, 102 










Naphthanil red for printing 


62 ... 










Naphthanil scarlet for printing 


62 










o-Phenyl mercaptobenzothiazole 


142 










Phenylmercuric acetate 


93 . . 










Phenvlmercuric chloride 


93 ... 










Phloroglucinol . . 


70 










Photographic chemicals, total.. 




2, 121, 041 


1, 716, 241 


$1,847,694 


$1.08 


p-Aminophenol sulfate 


70 .. 




Benztriazol 


70 










Catechol (Pyrocatechin) 


142, X 










Chloro hydroquinone 


70, 236 












70, 225 










dol) . 
Hydroquinone' 


62, 225, 236, X, 

X. 
69, 70, X, X - 


1,441,329 


1, 389, 022 


1, 139, 880 


.82 


p-Hvdroxy phenylglycine 




Methyl p-aminophenol sulfate (Me- 

tol) (Rhodol). 
N-N'-N"tri (2-methylcyclohexyl) di- 


62, 69, 225, 236, 

X, X. 
X... 


275, 186 


290, 537 


636, 319 


2.19 


ethylenetriamine. 


225-. - 










Phthalidc . - 


62 










Plasticizers, total 




23,839,211 


19, 299, 337 


4,089,378 


.21 


Ethyl ortho-para-toluene sulfona- 


142 




mide (SanticizerS). 
Phthalates, total 




15,753,079 


11, 334, 218 


2,227,078 


.20 


Carbitol 


157 




Diamvl 


115, 218 










Dibutoxy ethyl 


62, 157 










Dibutyl 


7,53,62,115,142, 

218. 
62 


7, 923, 771 


5,661,733 


942,134 


.17 


Dicyclohexyl 




Diethoxy ethyl 


157 . . 










Diethyl 


7, 53, 115, 142, 

218, X. 
62, 157 


1, 812, 925 


1,373,457 


240,072 


.17 


Dimethoxy ethyl 




Dimethyl 


7, 53, 115, 142, 
218, X. 





















1 Photographic grade only. 



48 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 15. — Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and 

sales, 1939 — Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (ac- 
cording to list 
on p. 58) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 










(A) COAL-TAE— continued 

Plasticizers— Continued. 

Phthalates, total— Continued. 

Dimetliyl cyclobexyl . 


62 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Diphenyl 


142 










2-Ethylhexyi 


157 












62 












62 










Phthalyl glycollate 


142 










Toluene sulfonamide ortho-para mix- 


142 - 










ture (Santicizer 9) . 


39, 142, 157, X._. 












60. 142, X 












62 _. 












144 












69, 140 












236, X 












32, 69, 189 












62 










Sodium dicresyldithiophosphate... 


X 










Sodium ethyl butvl phthalate 


62 












7, 22, 44. 85, 142, 

144, X, X, 
X. 










Tetrahydronaphthalene (Tetralin) 










6, 7, 02, 85, 142, 
144, 203, X, X. 
142 ... 


9. 452, 163 


9, 045, 103 


$1,969,284 


$0.22 


o-Tolyl biguanide 






141, 142, X .. 
















Total miscellaneous coal-tar chem- 
icals: 
Those for which individual 


20, 905, 374 
48, 775, 089 


7, 759, 852 
48, 518, 690 


4, 927, 689 
7, 952, 138 


.64 


statistics are shown. 
Those for which individual 




.16 


statistics cannot be shown. 








69, 680, 463 


56, 278, 542 


12, 879, 827 


.23 




97 




(B) NON-COAL-TAR 












36, 150, X, X 










Acetaldol ( 41dol) 


150 












60, 150, X 












36, 53, 150, 218, 

X. 
36, X, X, X 

85, 99, 117 


119, 652, 650 
181, 156, 152 








Acetic anhydride (from all sources) (100 
percent) . 
















36, 53, 17., 194, 

218. X. 
69, 140 




100, 935, 422 


4, 384, 757 


.04 










36... . 












87, 10?, X 












70, 194 












60, 89, 70 












194 










Allyl isothiocyanate (synthetic mustard 
oil). 


70, X 










226 














... 1,487,643 


1, 399, 353 


753, 710 


.54 




191 






Butyl: 


191 










Di 


62, 191 












62, 191 












62 










Ethyl: 


191 










Di 


191, 234 










Methyl: 


5, 53, 62, X 










T)i 


53, 62, X 










Tri 


62, X 












87 -- 












X ... . 










Ammonium stearate - 


X 











SYNTHETIC ORGAXIC CHEMICALS 



49 



Table 15. — Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and 

sales, 1939 — Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (ac- 
cording to list 
on p. 58) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(B) NON-COAL-TAR— continued 

A.myl acetate: 

Normal (90 percent) 


53, 62, 171, 191, 

218. 
X..._ 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Secondary (60 percent) 










Iso (90 percent) .. .. . 


80, 117, 154, X, 
X. 

191,218 










A myl alcohol: 

Normal (100 percent)- - 










Secondary (100 percent) .- - 


X 










Iso (100 percent) -_. 


62, 80, 117, X, X. 
191 










Amyl chloride. 










Amyl ether --. 


191 










Amyl mercaptan 


191 










Amyl propionate.. _ 


218 










Butadiene .-. .. . 


60 .- 










Butyl acetate^lotal ... 




77, 734, 214 


68, 158, 368 


$4, 690, 362 


$0 07 


Normal (90 percent) . .. . 


36, 53, 142, 154, 

174, 218. 
194, X 




Secondary (90 percent) 










Iso (90 percent) ... 


62,80 










Butylacetyl rieinoleate ... 


53 - .. 










Butyl alcohol, total _ 




127, 010, 364 
72, 736, 886 


52, 590, 016 
45, 836, 362 


3, 548, 824 
3, 182, 229 


.07 


Normal (100 percent) 


36,53, 174,218.-- 
194, X 


.07 


Secondary (100 percent) .. .. ... 




Tertiary (100 percent) 


194 










Iso (100 percent) . .. ._ 


36,62 .- 










Butyl aldehyde 


36, 53. X 










n-Butyl bromide 


1,69, 70, 189 










Butyl bromide, sec ... 


X 










Butyl chloride . 


191... 










Butyl lactate ._. ... 


53 - - 










Butyl oleate -- ...... .. 


53 










Butyl propionate (100 percent) . 


80,218 










n-Butvric acid_. 


36, 154, X 










Butyric anhydride 


36, X --.. 










Butyrvl chloride 


102 










Caffeine (from Theobromine) 


138, 142 










Calcium lactate . . 


9, 193 










Calcium propionate . _ .... 


62 










Campho carboxylic acid .. . . 


1 










Camphoric anhydride.. . 


132..- - 










n-Caproic acid . 


36, 132, 154 










Carbon tetrachloride 


60, 152, 212, 231, 

X. 
102, 151 


90, 535, 580 


84,023,750 


3,284,664 


.04 


Carbonyl chloride (Phosgene) . 




Chlorinated solvents 


24 . 










Chloroacetic acid (mono) 


60 -. 










Chloroacetone . 


X 










Chloroacetvl chloride 


60 










Chloroform (tech and USP) . 


24,30,60,62--..- 

46, 140, X 

193 


2,933,322 
13, 440, 323 








Citric acid, refined (fermentation) 

Copper lactate ... 


11,652,711 


2, 420, 986 


.21 


Crotonaldehvde 


36, 150 










Crotonic acid 


150 










Cyanoacetamide 


25 












117 












117 










Diacetone alcohol 


36,53, 142, 194... 
36, 53 


3, 220, 729 


2,393,125 


187, 616 


.08 


Dibutvl ether (n-Butyl ether) . . 




Dicbloroethvl ether 


36 










Dichloroisopropvl ether 


36 












119 












119 










Dichlorotetnlluoroethane 


119 










Dicvandiamid 


X 










Dicvlopentadiene - . . 


36 










Diethanolamine . 


36 -. 










Diethyl acetic acid 


36 










Diethyl carbonate (Diatol) 

Diethyl sulfate 


218 ... 










36 










Diethvlaminoethanol 


36 69 










Diethvlene clvcol 


36, 60 












36 












157 










Diethyleneplvcol iiionohutvl ether 


36... 











50 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 15. — Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and 

sales, 19S9 — Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (ac- 
cording to list 
on p. 58) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(B) NON-COAL-TAR— continued 
Diethylene glycol monobutyl ether 


36 


Pounds 


Pounds 






acetate. 
Diethvlene glycol monoethyl ether 


36 










Diethylene glycol monoethyl ether 


36 










acetate. 
Dietnylene glycol monoethyl ether 


36 










maleate. 
Diethylene glycol monomethyl ether . 


36 










Diethylene oxide (Dioxan) 


36 










Diglycol laurate . _-_ -. 


X 










Diglycol oleate 


X, X 










Diisobutylene. ._. - 


X 










Diisobutyl ketone . ... 


36 










Dimethoxy ethyl adipate - -. 


62 










Dimethyl ether .. 


62 










Dimethyl formamide .- 


62 










Dimethyl glyoxime 


69,182 










Dimethyl sulfate,. 


62 










Dioctylamine. . _ 


36 










Dipropyl ketone 


36 










Dipropylene glycol 


36 










DulcitoL - - - . 


19 










Epichlorohydrin. . . 


62 










Ethyl acetate (85 percent) 


36,53,62, 80, 142, 
174, 218, X, X. 
36,218 . - 


67, 897, 408 


51, 622, 492 


$2, 706, 497 


$0.05 


Ethyl acetoacetate . 




Ethyl alcohol (synthetic) - . 


36,62 










Ethyl benzoyl acetate 


218 










Ethyl bromide. ._ 


1,60 










Ethyl bromo acetate 


60 










E thyl butyl acetate ... 


36 










Ethyl butyl alcohol. . 


36 










Ethyl butyraldehyde ...... . 


36 










Ethyl chloride (tech and USP) 


60,62,73,84 










Ethyl chlorocarbonate 


218 










Ethyl cvanoacetate .. 


25 










Ethyl ether (tech and USP). . 


36, 132, 140, 201 . . 










Ethyl formate ... . 


63, 78, 80, 132, 
154, 218, X,X. 
36 










a-Ethyl hexanal. 












36 










Ethyl hexoic acid 


36 - 












36 - 










Ethyl lactate . .. . 


X .. 










Ethyl malonate . . 


25 ... 












132 












76 .. 










Ethyl oleate . . 


117 .... 










Ethyl oxalate (Diethyl oxalate) 


25,80 












62, 76, 80, 218, X 

X. 
36 










Ethyl silicate 










Ethylene chlorohydrin 


36 










Ethylenediamine (med and tech) 


26,36 










Ethylene dihromide 


60, 72, 231 










Ethylene dichloride 


36,60 










Ethylene glycol 


36, 60, 218, X 










Ethylene glycol diacetate 


36 










Ethylene glycol diethyl ether 


36 












36 












157 










ate (Butoxy ethyl stearate). 
Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether 


36 










36 










Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether 

Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether ace- 
tate. 


36 










36 80 










157 










ate (Methoxy ethyl oleate). 

Ethylene glycol monophenyl ether. 

Ethylene oxide 


36 










36 60 












X 










Fatty alcohols (containing more than 8 

carbon atoms). 
Fenchone 


62 










147 











SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



51 



Table 15. 



-Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals: 
sales, 1939 — Continued 



United States production and 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (ac- 
cording to list 
on p. 58) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(B) NON-COAL-TAE— continued 
Ferrous lactate 


132, 193 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Formaldehyde (40 percent) 

Formamide _. _ _ ._. 


45,62, X,X 

62 


134, 478, 827 


91, 159, 551 


$4,060,666 


$0.04 


Formic acid (90 percent) . _ --- 


62,226 










Furfural 


177 










Furfural derivatives: 


177,X 












177 










Ilvdrofuramide 


177 










Tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol 


177, X 










Gallic acid, tech 


69,132,236 

50,117, X,X .. 


145, 338 


















117 










Glyceryl monooleate 


50 










Glyceryl trihydroxy stearate 


62 












X 












50, 117, X 












X 












36 










Heptane . . 


36 










llcxachloroethane 


60 










Ilexaldehyde 


36 












62, X 












62 .. 












36,62, X 










Higher acetates (above hexvl) 


X 










Higher alcohols (containing more than 5 
carbon atoms). 


62, X 










62 










Higher methacrylates (above methyl)... 


62 










182 












62 










Hydroxyethyl ethylenediamine 


36 










Hvdroxylamine hydrochloride 


182, X 










Hydroxylamine sulfate 


182 












115, 203, 218, X.. 












62 












62 










Isobutyric acid 


62 










Isophorone 


36 










Isopropanolamines 


36 












36, 194, X 










Isopropyl alcohol (Isopropanol) _ 


36, 194, X 

60, X 


179,062,266 


18, 407, 564 


816, 373 


.04 






Isopropvl chloride 


102 












36, 194, X 










Lactic acid: 

Edible (100 percent) 


9,14,47,62,193... 
14,62 


1,609,094 


1, 280, 235 


270, 327 


.21 






Technical (100 percent) 


9,14,47,62,193... 
62 


1, 530, 456 


1, 439, 401 


168, 572 


.12 


Laurvlamine and hydrochloride 






X 












60, X 












19 










Mannitol 


19 










Melamine 


X 












36,53,194 












62 












36,45,53,62 




136, 407, 086 


4, 836, 639 


.04 




62,150 






Methvl acptnncetate 


36 












62 












60 












1 










Methyl chloride (Chloromcthane) (100 
percent). 


62, 168, 227, X..-. 
X 


3, 021, 078 


2, 947, 513 


981, 926 


.33 




53,62,115 












36 












36 












36, 194 












53 












62 












X 












102 X 










Methyl succinate 


X 











52 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 15.- 



-Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals: 
sales, 1939 — Continued 



United States production and 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (ac- 
cording to list 
on p. 58) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(B) NON-COAL-TAR— continued 
Methylamyl ketone 


36 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Methylethyl ketone- 


36, 194, X 










Methylene chloride (Dichloromethane).. 


24,60,62,227 










Monoethanolamine and hydrochloride.. - 


36 










Mcrpholine. 


36 










Mucochloric acid 


X 










Nickel formate -.. 


226 - 










Organic mercury compound (Seed dis- 


X 










infectant). 


87, 143, 158, 226, 

X. 
150 


10, 416, 269 


11, 854, 176 


$1, 168, 369 


$0.10 


Paracetaldehyde 




Paraformaldehyde.-- - 


62, X 










Pelviren acid _ -- - 


X 










Pentachloroethane - --- . 


62 










Pentaerythritol 


150 










Phorone... --.-.. ._- 


36 










Plasticizers, total _- - , 




6,031,548 


5,069,738 


1,674,049 


3$ 


Butyl stearate.. 


53,117 




Camphor (synthetic) .-- 


62, 147 










Dibutyl oxalate 


53,218 










Dibutvl sebacate -.. 


53,62,181 










Dibutvl tartrate.- - - ._. .. 


53,62,117 

50, 117 


23,354 


23,197 


10, 197 


.44 


Diethylene glycol monostearate 




Diethylene glycol distearate .-- -. 


50, 117 










Glyceryl tripropionate .-- --. 


X . - 










Tributy] borate ..- -.. 


53 










Tributyl citrate .- --- 


53 - 










Tributyl phosphate - ..- - 


142 










Triethyl citrate 


164 










Triethyl phosphate . - - - .- 


53, 142 - - 










Triethylene glycol dihexoate 


36 










Triglycol dioctoate .- - . - - 


36 . 










Polyethylenearaines ----- 


26, 36 










Polyethylene glycol - - . 


36 










Polvglvcerol . .- --- 


142 










Polyglycerol-abietic acid compound 


142 










Polypropylene glycol-.- 


36 












62, X 










Propionic anhydride..- -- -. 


36, X 










Propionyl chloride - - 


102 










n-Propvl acetate - .. . 


62 










n-Propvl alcohol (Propanol) 


62 










Propylene chlorohydrin 


36 










Propylene diamine.. . - 


26,36 










Propylene dichloride -. 


36,60 










Propylene glycol 


36.62 










Propylene glycol monolaurate - 


117 










Propylene glycol monostearate -- .. 


117 --- 










Propylene oxide .. -. 


36 










Pyrogallic acid (Pyrogallol) .- 


69, 132,236 

32, 69, 189 


49, 770 


60, 807 


84,955 


1.40 


Research chemicals - .. 




Rubber, synthetic 


60.62 










Sodium formate --- -- .-- 


132, 226, X 










Sodium lactate 


132, 193 










Sodium methylate 


136 










Sodium oxal acetate.-. 


218 










Sodium oxalate 


87,132,226 










Sodium propionate 


62 










Sorbitol . - - 


19 










Sorbitan monolaurate ... 


19 










Soybean fatty acids monoglvceride 


117 










Sucrose octa acetate 


150 










Sulfated fatty alcohols, acids, etc. (Qar- 
dinols, Ipepons, Intramines, Mapros, 
Xynomines). 

Sulfoacetic acid 


36. 44. 62, 85, 144, 
X, X. 

X . 


12, 527, 302 


10, 660. 181 


3,037,975 


.28 


Sulfonated thiocarbanilide acetaldehyde 


142 










ammonia compound. 
Tetrabromoethane (Acetylene tetra- 


60 










bromi(ie). 


62, 231 










chloride). 
Te t rn ch 1 oroethylene( Perchloroethylene) 


60, 62 












36 










Tetraethyl lead 


73 -... 




.-- - l:: 





SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



53 



Table 15. — Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and 

sales, 19S9 — Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (ac- 
cording to list 
on p. 58) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(B) NON-COAL-TAR— continued 
Tetraethylene glycol dimethyl ether 


36 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Tributyl phosphite 


62 










Trichloroethvlene _ _ . 


62, 231 










Trichloromonofluoromethane 


119 










Triethanolamine 


36 _ 










Triethylene glycol 


36 










Triglvcol dichloride 


36 










Triisobutylene 


X 










Triisopropanolamine 


36 










Trimethvlene bromide 


60 










Undeeanol 


36 










Undecylenic acid 


X 










Urea (solid) 


62 










Urea in urea-ammonia solution 


62 










Urea in solid fertilizer 


62 










Vanillin (See table 12 (A) p. 40). 

Vinyl acetate 


150, X 










Vinyl chloride. -_ 


36 










Waxes (synthetic) . .-- ._ . _ 


62 










Xanthates (See table 14 (B) p. 46). 
Other miscellaneous non-coal-tar chem- 


62, X, X, X, X.. 










icals. 












Total miscellaneous non-coal-tar 
chemicals: 
Those for which individual 


894,436,804 
2,089,601,004 


570,703,573 
911,170,222 


$31, 602, 748 
141,317,907 


$0.06 


statistics are shown. 
Those for which individual 




.16 








Grand total 


2, 9'!4, 037, 808 


1, 481, 873, 795 


172, 920, 655 


.12 











APPENDIXES 

A. Research expenditures. 

B. Imports. 

C. Directory of manufacturers of synthetic 

organic chemicals, 1939. 



55 



APPENDIX A.— RESEARCH EXPENDITURES 

Producers of synthetic organic chemicals employed 2,197 techni- 
cally tramed research workers m 1939, according to figures reported 
by the industry. The average annual salary was $3,113 as compared 
with $3,328 in 1938. This lower average salary figure indicates 
increased placement of younger men rather than a lowering of techni- 
cal salary levels. The gross cost of research was $14,077,000, and the 
net cost $13,064,000.^ This net cost of research was 3.5 percent of 
sales of all synthetic organic chemicals m 1939, as compared with 
4.3 percent in 1938. Although research expenditures increased con- 
siderably in 1939, sales increased much more. 

APPENDIX B.— IMPORTS 

The TarifJ Commission cooperated with the Department of Com- 
merce in 1939 as m previous years, in compiling from original customs 
documents import data on coal-tar intermediates and finished coal-tar 
products. These statistics are released to subscribers semiannually 
by the Department of Commerce in Import Statement No. 2865, and 
are shown in greater detail than in the annual publication "Foreign 
Commerce and Navigation of the United States." Table 16 is a 
summary of the issues of Import Statement No. 2865 for 1938 and 
1939, and shows imports of dutiable coal-tar products for those years, 
classified according to use. 



Table 16. 



-Imports of finished coal-tar products, classified by uses, and of coal-tar 
intermediates into the United States, 1939 and 1938 





1939 


193S 


Product 


Quantity 


Foreign 
invoice 
value 


Quantity 


Foreign 
invoice 
value 


Coal-tar dyes: 

Acid 


Pounds 

1, 092. .569 

1, 683, 367 

458, .'")96 

1, 488, 748 

190, 667 

158. 431 

67, 461 

59, 656 

12, 962 


$1,489,200 

1,912,022 

543, 119 

1, 992, 930 

207, 284 

172,384 

62, 637 

111,273 

4.091 


Pounds 
603, 145 
1, 128, 146 
255, 601 
824. 924 
129, 357 
119,295 
44, 792 
39, 816 
4,444 


$764, 029 


Vat 


1, 497, 712 


Mordant and chrome 


300, 144 


Direct ' 


1,053,088 


Artificial silk 


177. 444 


Basic 


138, 0S2 


Sulfur 


33, 427 


Color-lake and spirit-soluble 


75, 858 


other 


8,744 






Total coal-tar dyes 


.5, 212, 457 


6, 554, 940 


3, 149, 520 


4, 049, 128 






Finished coal-tar products other than dyes: 

Aromatic cheminals 


69, 893 

29,786 

7,824 

302.551 

3, 096, 354 


105, 538 

215, 643 

6, 465 

354, 770 

2, 827, 470 


48, 570 

36, 721 

5,096 

15.S,595 

2, 387, 003 


71,271 


Medicinals and pharmaceuticals 


170,806 


Color lakes 


3,554 


Other products 


342, 008 


Intermediates 


1, 862, 344 







' Includes Rapid Fast Dyes. 

Source: United States Imports for Consumption of Dyes, Aromatic Chemicals, Medicinals, Interme- 
diates, and Other Coal-Tar Products in Paragraphs 27 and 28 of the Tariff Act of 1930. Semiannual State- 
ment No. 2865. 



' The net cost figure is obtained by deducting from gross cost the credits for salable products obtained in 
the course of research. 



57 



58 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



APPENDIX C— DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS OF SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1939 (ALL COMPANIES WHICH HAVE GIVEN 
PERMISSION TO BE IDENTIFIED AS PRODUCERS) 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



Abbott Laboratories 

Advance Paint Co 

Alston-Lucas Paint Co 

Althouse Chemical Co 

Amecco Chemicals, Inc 

American Aniline Products, Inc- 

American Cyanamid Co 



American Cyanamid Co., Calco Chemical 
Division. 

American Maize-Products Co 

American Pharmaceutical Co., Inc 

American Tar & Chemical Co 

Ansbacher-Siegle Corporation 



Ansul Chemical Co 

Apex Chemical Co., Inc. 



Arco Co 

Arnold, Hoffman & Co., Ine. 
Aromatic Products, Inc 



Artifex Products Co- 
Atlas Powder Co 



Augusta Chemical Co_ 
Bakelite Corporation.. 

Barrett Co 



Bates Chemical Co 

Belle Alkali Co 

Benzol Products Co 

Bersworth, F. C, Laboratories. 

Bick & Co., Inc 

Birge Co., Inc 

Brooklyn Color Works, Inc 

Brown Co 



Brown, Andrew, Co 

Burroughs Wellcome & Co., Inc.. 

Bush, VV. J., & Co., Inc 

California Flaxseed Products Co. 
California Ink Co., Inc 



Carbide & Carbon Chemicals Corporation. 



Carus Chemical Co., Inc 

Catalin Corporation of America 

Celluloid Corporation 

Chemical Manufacturing Co., Inc 

Chemico, Inc 

Childs Pulp Colors, Inc 

Ciba Pharmaceutical Products, Inc 

Cincinnati Chemical Works, Inc 

Cities Service Oil Co 

Citro Chemical Co 

Clinton Co 

Colasta Co., Inc 

Coleman & Bell Co 

Colloid Chemical Laboratories, Inc 

Collway Colors, Inc 

Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Co 
Commercial Solvents Corporation 

Commonwealth Color & Chemical Co 

Cooks Falls Dye Works, Inc 

Coopers Creek Chemical Corporation 

Crown Tar Works— Division of Public 
Service Co. of Colorado. 

Devoe & Raynolds Co., Inc 

Diarsenol Co., Inc 

Dow Chemical Co 

Dubin, H. E., Laboratories, Inc 



14th St. and Sheridan Rd., North Chicago, 111. 

545 West Abbott St., Indianapolis, Ind. 

1031 North Throop St., Chicago, 111. 

540 Pear St., Reading, Pa. 

75 Rockwood St., Rochester, N. Y. 

50 Union Square, New York, N. Y. (Lock Haven, 

Pa.) 
30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York, N. Y. (Bound 

Brook and Warners, N. J., Bridgeville, Pa.) 
Bound Brook, N. J. 

100 East 42d St., New York, N. Y. (Roby, Ind.) 

525 West 43d St., New York, N. Y. 

5910 Freemont St., Duluth, Minn. 

92 Chestnut Ave., Rosebank, S. I., New York,. 
N.Y. 

P. O. Box 231, Marinette, Wis. 

225 West 34th St., New York, N. Y. (Elizabeth- 
port, N. J.) 

7301 Bessemer Ave., Cleveland, Ohio. 

55 Canal St., Providence, R. I. (Dighton, Mass.) 

15 East 30th St., New York, N. Y. (Springdale,- 
Conn ) 

Delaware Ave. and Elm St., Camden, N. J. 

Wilmington, Del. (Atlas Point, Del., Stamford, 
Conn.) 

P. O. Box 660, Augusta, Ga. 

247 Park Ave., New York, N. Y. (Bloomfleld and 
Bound Brook, N. J.) 

40 Rector St., New York, N. Y. (plants throughout 
United States) 

Scottdale Rd., Lansdowne, Pa. 

Belle, W. Va. 

237 South St., Newark, N. J. (Piscataway, N. J.) 

609 Waverly St., Framingham, Mass. 

12th and Bern Sts., Reading, Pa. 

390 Niagara St., Buffalo, N. Y. 

Morgan and Norman Aves., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

404 Commercial St., Portland, Maine (Berlin, 
N. H.) 

5431 South Riverside Drive, Los Angeles, Calif. 

9 East list St., New York, N. Y. (Tuckahoe, N. Y.) 

11 East 38th St., New York, N. Y. (Linden, N. J.) 

3135 East 26th St., Los Angeles, Calif. 

545 Sansome St., San Francisco. Calif. (Berkeley,. 
Calif.) 

30 East 42d St., New York, N. Y. (South Charles- 
ton, W. Va., Niagara Falls, N. Y., Whiting, 
Ind.) 

1377 Eighth St., La Salle, 111. 

1 Park Ave., New York, N. Y. (Fords, N. J.) 

290 Ferry St., Newark, N. J. 

Ashland, Mass. 

475 Dorchester Rd., Akron, Ohio. 

43 Summit St., Brooklyn, N.Y. 

Lafayette Park, Summit, N. J. 

P. O. Box 20, Evanston Station, Cincinnati, Ohio 
(Norwood and St. Bernard, Ohio) 

Bartlcsville, Okla. (Tallant, Okla.) 

Maywood, N. J. 

Clinton, Iowa. 

Mechanic St., Hoosick Falls, N. Y. 

Main and Waverly Aves., Norwood, Ohio. 

21 West St., New York, N. Y. (Guttenberg, N. J.) 

15 Market St., Paterson, N. .7. 

17 Van Dvke Ave., Hartford, Conn. 

17 East 42d St., New York, N. Y. (Terra Haute,. 
Ind., Peoria, 111., Agnew, Calif.) 

Nevins, Butler & Baltic Sts., Brooklyn, N.Y. 

70 Pine St., New York, N. Y. (Cooks Falls, N. Y.)' 

West Conshohocken, Pa. 

900 15th St., Denver, Colo. 

P. O. Box 328, Louisville, Ky. 
72 Kingsley St., Buffalo, N. Y. 
Midland, Mich. (Pittsburg, Calif.) 
250 East 43d St., New York, N. Y. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



59 



APPENDIX C— DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS OF SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1939 (ALL COMPANIES WHICH HAVE GIVEN 
PERMISSION TO BE IDENTIFIED AS PRODUCERS)— Continued 



Num- 
ber 


Name of company 


Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 


62 
63 


du Pont de Nemours, E. I., & Co., Inc 

Durez Plastics & Chemicals, Inc 


Wilm'ngton, DeL (Carney's Point, New Bruns- 
wick, Perth Amboy, Arlington, and Newark, 
N. J., Belle, W. Va., Waynesboro, Va., Niagara 
Falls, N. Y., El Monte, Calif.) 

Walck Road, North Tonawanda, N. Y 


64 


Durite Plastics, Inc 


.5000 Summerdale Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. 
924 Bersren Ave., Jersey City, N. J. 


65 


Dye Specialties Corporation _ 


66 




11th and Monroe Sts., St. Louis, Mo. 


67 


Eakins, ,T. S. & W. R., Inc 


55 Berry St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 


68 


Eastern Tar Products Corporation 




69 


Eastman Kodak Co. -. ._- -.- - - 


343 State St., Rochester, N. Y. (Kingsport, Tenn.) 


70 


Edwal Laboratories, Inc 


732 Federal St., Chicago, 111. 


71 


Elko Chemical Works, Inc-- . 


66 Lister Ave., Newark, N. J. 


72 


Ethyl Dow Chemical Co - 


Wilminston, N. C. (Kure Beach, N. C.) 


73 






74 


Federal Color Laboratories, Inc . 


4633 Forest Ave., Norwood, Ohio 


75 


Federal Laboratories, Inc. - . 


185 41st St., Pittsburgh, Pa. (Tunnelton, Pa.) 


76 


Felton Chemical Co., Inc 


599 Johnson Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 


77 


Fine Colors Co 


21-29 McBride Ave., Paterson, N. J. 


78 




1513-33 Olmstead Ave., New York, N. Y. 


79 


Foster-Heaton Co - - 


833-39 Magnolia Ave., Elizabeth, N. J. 


80 


Franco- American Chemical Works- 


Berrv Ave., Carlstadt, N. J. 


81 


Fries Bros . _ _ .. 


92 Reade St., New York, N. Y. (Bloomfleld, N. J.) 


82 
83 


Fries, George G., & Co., Inc 

Gane's Chemical Works, Inc .-. -.. 


68 Beekman St., New York, N. Y. (Long Island 

City, N. Y.) 
43 West 16th St., New York, N. Y. (Carlstadt, 


84 


Gebauer Chemical Co _ . __. ___ 


N.J.) 
9410 St. Catherine Ave., Cleveland, Ohio. 


85 
86 


General Aniline & Film Corporation, Gen- 
eral Aniline Works Division. 
General Biochemicals, Inc 


435 Hudson St., New York, N. Y. (Rensselaer, 

N. Y., Grasselli. N. J.) 
Chaerin Falls, Ohio. 


87 


General Chemical Co 


40 Rector St., New York, N. Y. (Claymont, DeL, 


88 


General Electric Co . 


Buffalo, N. Y.) 
1 River Road, Schenectady, N.Y. (Pittsfield, Mass.) 


89 
90 


Goodrich, B. F., Co 

Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. .- 


500 South Main St.. Akron, Ohio. 
1144 East Market St., .\kron, Ohio. 


91 
92 

93 


Guyan Color & Chemical Works 

Halowax Corporation 

Hamilton Laboratories, Inc 


P. O. Bo.x 1088, Huntincton, W. Va. 

247 Park Ave., New York, N. Y. (Wyandotte, 

Mich.) 
Hamilton, Ohio. 


94 


ITampden Color & Chemical Co 


161 Armory St., Springfield. Mass. 


95 
96 


Harmon Color Works, Inc 

Hartman Leddon Co - - 


P. O. Box 1158, Paterson, N. J. (Haledon, N. J.) 
6010 Haverford Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. 


97 


Hercules Powder Co . . . .. 


Delaware Trust Bldg., Wilmington, DeL 


98 




822 South 14th St.. Manitowoc, Wis. 


99 


Hilton-Davis Chemical Co. 


Langdon Farm Rd.. Cincinnati, Ohio. 


100 
101 

102 


Hoffmann-La Roche, Inc 

Holland Aniline Dye Co 

Hooker Electrochemical Co 


Kin?sland Rd. and Bloomfield Ave., Nutley, N. J. 

Holland, Mich. 

Buffalo Ave. and 47th St., Niagara Falls, N. Y. 


103 


Hugftins, .Tames & Son . _ . . 


239 Medford St., Maiden. Mass. 


104 
105 

106 


Hynson, Westcott & Dunning. Inc 

Imperial Paper & Color Corporation, Pig- 
ment Color Division. 
Industrial DyestulT Co., Inc . 


1030 North Charles St., Baltimore, Md. 
Glens Falls, N. Y. (Queensbury, N. Y.) 

Massasoit Ave., East Providence, R. I. 


107 


Inland Steel Co .. .- - 


38-Sout,h Dearborn St., Chicago, 111. (Indiana Har- 


108 


.Tamieson, C. E. & Co 


bor, Ind.) 
1962-80 Trombly Ave.. Detroit, Mich. 


109 


Jennison-Wright Co . 


2463 Broadwav. Toledo. Ohio. 


110 


.Toanite Corp 


10-02 44th Driv£, Lon« Island City, N. Y. 


111 


Johnson. Charles Eneu, & Co -- - 


10th St. at Lombard St., Philadelphia, Pa. 


112 


Joliet Wall Paper Mills .-- -- 


Logan Ave., Joliet, 111. 


113 




1481 South 11th St.. Louisville, Ky. 


114 


Kay & Ess Co 


820 Kiser St.. Davton. Ohio. 


115 

116 
117 


Kay-Fries Chemicals, Inc - 

Kentucky Color & Chemical Co 


180 Madison Ave., New York, N. Y. (West Haver- 

iitraw. N. Y.) 
34th St. South of Bank St., Louisville, Ky. 
Delaware .'^ve. <t Mifflin St., Philadelphia, Pa. 


118 


Keystone Color Works, Inc 


151 West Gay Ave., York, Pa. 


119 

120 
121 
122 

123 


Kinetic Chemicals, Inc 

Knoedler, A., Co 

Kohnstamm, H., & Co., Inc _. 

KoppersCo., Tarct Chemical Division 

LaMotte Chemical Products Co . 


duPont Bldg., Wilmington, Del. (Pennsgrove, 

N.J.) 
717 North Prince St.. T/aneastcr. Pa. 
87 Park Place. -New York, X. Y, (Brooklyn. N. Y.) 
Koppers Bldg., Pittsburgh, Pa. (Plants throughout 

the Ignited States.) 
McCormick Bldg., Baltimore, Md. (Towson, Md.) 


124 


Lehigh Briquetting Co 


Universal Bldg., Fargo, N. Dak. (Dickinson, N. 
Dak.) 



60 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



APPENDIX C— DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS OF SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1939 (ALL COMPANIES WHICH HAVE GIVEN 
PERMISSION TO BE IDENTIFIED AS PRODUCERS)— Continued 




Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



Lewis, John D., Inc 

Lilly, Eli, & Co 

Lucidol Corporation 

Lueders, George, & Co 

Macher, William & Son 

Magruder Color Co., Inc 

Makalot Corporation 

Mallinckrodt Chemical Works _-. ._ 

Marblette Corporation 

Marx, Max, Color & Chemical Co 

Maschmeijer, A., Jr., Inc 

Mathieson Alkali Works, Inc 

May, Otto B., Inc 

Maywood Chemical Works — 

Mepham, Geo. S., Corporation 

Merck & Co., Inc 

Minercc Corporation 

Monsanto Chemical Co 

Mutual Chemical Co. of America 

National Aniline & Chemical Co., Inc 

Naugatuck Chemical, Division of United 

States Rubb?r Co. 
Neville Co 

Newport Industries, Inc 

New York Color & Chemical Co., Inc., Di- 
vision of American Dyewood Co.. 
New York Quinine & Chemical Works, Inc 

Niacet Chemicals Corporation 

Niaeara Chlorine Products Corporation 

Niagara Smelting Corporation 

Nord & Schulich, Inc 

Northwestern Chemical Co 

Novoeol Chemical Mfg. Co., Inc 

Nubian Paint & Varnish Co. 

Ohio-Apex, Inc .- 

Oldbury Electro Chemical Co 

Panelyte Corporation 

Patent Chemicals, Inc 

Peerless Color Co 

Pennsvl vania Coal Products Co 

Pfanstiehl Chemical Co 

Pfizer, Chas., & Co., Inc 

Pharma Chemical Corporation 

Philadelphia Gas Works Co 

Phoenix Color & Chemical Co 

Pittsberg Chemical Co 

Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co 

PlaskonC(j.,Inc 

Portland Gas & Coke Co 

Poughkeepsie Dyestuff Corporation 

Premo Pharmaceutical Laboratories, Inc.. 

Publicker, Inc 

Pylam Products Co., Inc 

Pyridium Corporation 

Quaker Oats Co 

Reichhold Chemicals, Inc 

Reilly Tar & Chemical Corporation... 

Republic Creosoting Co 

Resinous Products & Chemical Co , 

Rogers, Allen E., Laboratories, Inc 

Rohra & Haas Co .- 

Rubcroid Co 

Salvo Chemical Co 

Schering Corporation 



68 Traverse St., Providence, R. I. (Mansfield, 

Mass.) 
Indianapolis, Ind. 
293 Larkin St., Buffalo, N. Y. 
427 Washington St., New York, N. Y. 
1533 West Clearfield St.. Philadelphia, Pa. 
2385 Richmond Terrace, Port Richmond, S. I., N. Y. 
262 Washington St., Boston, Mass. (Waltham, 

Mass.) 
3600 North 2d St., St. Louis, Mo. 
37-21 Thirtieth St., Long Island Citv, N. Y. 
192-4 Coit St., Irvington, N. .1. 
43 West 16th St., New York, N. Y. (Newark, N. J.) 
60 East 42d St., New York, N. Y. (Niagara Falls. 

N. Y.) 
198-214 Niagara St., Newark, N. J. 
100 West Hunter Ave., Maywood, N. J. 
2001 Lynch Ave., East St. Louis, 111. 
Rahway, N. J. (Philadelphia, Pa.) 
120 Broadway, New York, N. Y. (Baltimore, Md.) 
1700 South 2d St., St. Louis, Mo. (St. Louis, Mo., 

Nitro, W. Va., Springfield and Everett, Mass., 

Edgewater, N. J., Monsanto, 111., Anniston, Ala.) 
270 Madison Ave., New York, N. Y. (Jersey Citv, 

N.J.) 
40 Rector St., New York, N. Y. (Buffalo, N. Y.) 
1790 Broadway, New York, N. Y. (Naugatuck, 

Conn.) 
Neville Island, Pittsburgh, Pa. 
P. O. box 911, Pensacola, Fla. 
Main & Joralemon Sts., Belleville, N. J. 

99 North 11th St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

4700 Pine Ave., Niagara FalLi, N. Y. 

Mill St., Lockport, N. Y. 

420 Lexington Ave., New York, N. Y. (Niagara 

Falls, N. Y.) 
Foot of Blanchard St., Newark, N. J. 
1263 North 70th St., Wauwatosa, Wis. 
2923 Atlantic Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
1856 North LeClaire Ave., Chicago, 111. 
Nitro, W. Va. 

P. O. Box 346, Niagara Falls, N. Y. 
230 Park Ave., New York, N. Y. (Trenton, N. J.) 
57 Wilkinson Ave., Jersey City, N. J. 
521-35 North Ave., Plainfield, N. J. 
Petrolia, Pa. 

104 Lakeview Ave., Waukegan, 111. 
81 Maiden Lane, New York, N. Y. (Brooklyn, 

N. Y.). 
949 Broadway, New York, N. Y. (Bayonne, N. J.) 
1800 North 9th St., Philadelphia, Pa. 
24}.^ Van Houten St., Paterson, N. J. 
Central Tower, San Francisco, Calif. (Vernon, 

Calif.) 
235 East Pittsburgh Ave., Milwaukee, Wis. 
2112 Sylvan Ave., Toledo, Ohio. 
Public Service Bldg., Portland, Oreg. 
77 North Water St., Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 
443 Broadway, New York, N. Y. 
1800 West Lehigh Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. 
799 Greenwich St., New York, N. Y. 
21 Grey Oaks Ave., Nepora Park, N. Y. 
141 W. Jackson Blvd., Chicago. 111. (Cedar Rap- 
ids, Iowa.) 
601 Woodward Heights Blvd., Detroit, Mich. 

(Elizabeth, N.J.) 
1615 Merchants Bank Bldg., Indianapolis, Ind. 

(Plants throughout the United States.) 
1615 Merchants Bank Bldg., Indianapolis, Ind^ 

(Plants throughout the United States.) 
222 West Washington Square, Philadelphia, Pa. 
72 Grnnd Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
222 West Washington Square, Philadelphia, Pa. 

(Bridesburgand Bristol, Pa.) 
500 Fifth Ave., New York, N. Y. (Erie, Pa.,. 

Jolict. Til.) 
Rothschild, Wis. 
86 Orange St., Bloomfield, N. J. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



61 



APPENDIX C— DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS OF SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1939 (ALL COMPANIES WHICH HAVE GIVEN 
PERMISSION TO BE IDENTIFIED AS PRODUCERS)— Continued 



Num- 
ber 



Name of company 



OfBce address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



187 



190 
191 

192 
193 
194 

195 

196 
197 
198 
199 
200 
201 

202 
203 
204 

205 
206 
207 
208 

209 
210 
211 
212 

213 
214 
215 
216 

217 
218 
219 

220 

221 
222 
223 

224 
225 
226 

227 
228 
229 
230 
231 

232 
233 

234 

235 
236 



Schering & Qlatz, Inc 

Seeley & Co., Inc 

Sepin Laboratories -. 

Sharp & Dohme, Inc 

Sharpies Solvents Corporation. 

Shawiniean Resins Corporation 

Sheffield By-Products Co 

Shell Chemical Co 

Sherwin-Williams Co 

Simons, Harold L., Inc -. 

Sinclair & Valentine Co 

Smith, Kline & French Laboratories 

Solvay Process Co 

Southern Dyestufl Corporation 

Squibb, E. R., & Sons—. 

Standard Alcohol Co — 

Standard Chemical Products, Inc 

Standard Oil Co. of Cahfornia 

Standard Ultramarine Co -. 

Stange, Wm. J., Co 

Stroock & Wittenberg Corporation 

Sun Chemical & Color Co. Div. General 
Printing Ink Corporation. 

Swann &Co — 

Synthetic Chemicals, Inc 

Synthetical Laboratories 

Taylor Chemical Corporation 

Taylor Fibre Co -- - 

Todd, A. M., Co - -. 

Trubek Laboratories, Inc - 

Uhlieh, Paul, & Co., Inc. 

United Color & Pigment Co 

v. S. Industrial Chemicals, Inc 

Valentine & Company, Inc. - 

van Ameringen-Haebler, Inc 

Van Dyk <t Co., Inc 

Varcum Chemical Corporation. 

Velsicol Corporation _ 

Verley Chemical Co 

Verona Chemical Co 

Victor Chemical Works -.. 

Virginia Smelting Co 

Wannamakcr Chemical Co 

Warner-Jenkinson Mfg. Co 

Watertown Mfg. Co 

Westvaco Chlorine Products Corporation . . 

WhiteTarCo. ofN. J.,Inc 

Wilhelm, A., Co. Division of the Qlidden 
Co. 

Wolfl-Alporr Chemical Corporation 

Young Aniline Works, Inc 

Zinsser & Co., Inc.- -- 



113 West 18th St., New York, N. Y. 

22 Albany St., New York, N. Y. (Farmingdale, 
N. Y.) 

P. 0. box 18.5, station A, San Diego, Calif. (San- 
tee. Calif.) 

640 North Broad St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

23d & Westmoreland Sts., Philadelphia, Pa. 
(Wyandotte, Mich.) 

Springfield, Mass. (Indian Orchard, Mass.) 

524 West 57th St., New York, N. Y. (Hobart, N. Y.) 

100 Bush St., San Francisco, Calif. (Martinez and 
Domineuez, Calif.) 

101 Prospect Ave., N W., Cleveland, Ohio (Chicago, 
111.) 

11-25 Forty-fourth Rd., Long Island City, N. Y. 

611 West 129th St., New York, N. Y. 

105 North 5th St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Syracuse, N. Y. (Geddes, N. Y.) 

P. O. box 1045, Charlotte, N. C. (Sodyeco, N. C.) 

745 Fifth A vc, New York, N. Y. (New Brunswick, 

N. J., Brooklvn, N. Y.) 
P. O. box 243, Elizabeth, N. J. (Linden, N. J.) 
1301 Jefferson St., Hoboken, N. J. 
225 Bush St., San Francisco, Calif. (Richmond, 

Cahf.) 
Huntington, W. Va. 
2536 West Monroe St., Chicago, 111. 
60 East 42d St., New York, N. Y. (Newark, N. J.) 
309-21 Sussex St., Harrison, N. J. (East Rutherford, 

N.J.) 
205 South 32d St., Birmingham, Ala. 
57 Wilkin.son Ave., Jersey City, N. J. 
5558 Ardmore Ave., Chicago, 111. 
Phillipsburg, N. J. (Wyandotte, Mich.; Penn 

Yan, N. Y.) 
Norristown, Pa. (Betzwood, Pa.) 
1717 Douglas Ave., Kalamazoo, Mich. 
State Highwav No. 2, East Rutherford, N. J. 
157 Chambers St., New York, N. Y. (Brooklyn, 

N. Y.) 
McClellan St., Newark, N. J. 
60 East 42d St., New York, N. Y. (Baltimore, Md.> 
11 East 36th St., New York, N. Y. (Brooklyn, 

N. Y.) 
315 Fourth Ave., New York, N. Y. (Elizabeth, 

N.J.) 
57 Wilkinson Ave., Jer.sey City, N. J. 
P. O. box 433, Niagara Falls, N. Y. 
3542 North Kimball Ave., Chicago, 111. (Marshall, 

111.) 
1621 West Carroll Ave., Chicago, 111. 
26 Verona Ave., Newark, N. J. 
141 West Jackson Blvd., Chicago, 111. (Chicago 

Heights. 111.) 
West Norfolk, Va. 
Orangeburg, S. C. 
2526 Baldwin St., St. Louis, Mo. 
127 Echo Lake Rd., Watertown, Conn. 
405 Lexington Ave., New "b'ork, N. Y. (South 

Charleston, W. Va.; Newark, Calif.) 
1201 Koppers Bldg., Pittsburgh, Pa. (Kearny, N. J.) 
Third and Bern Sts., Reading, Pa. 

1127 Irving Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
2731 Boston St., Baltimore, Md. 
Hastings-on-Hudson, N. Y. 



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