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Full text of "Synthetic organic chemicals : United States production and sales"

UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

UNITED STATES PRODUCTION 

AND SALES 

1940 



REPORT No. 148 

SECOND SERIES 




BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 9999 06317 195 1 



RECENT REPORTS OF THE UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Price 

Crab Meat, Report No. 147, Second Series, 1941 $0.10 

Wheat and Wheat Flour, Report No. 145, Second Series, 1941 10 

Hogs and Hog Products, Report No. 143, Second Series, 1941 25 

Regulation of Imports by Executive Action, Miscellaneous Series, 1941 15 

Latin America as a Source of Strategic and Other Essential Materials, Report 

No. 144, Second Series, 1941 50 

Italian Commercial Policy and Foreign Trade, Report No. 142, Second Series, 

1941 30 

Earthen Floor and Wall Tiles, Report No. 141, Second Series, 1940 25 

Glues, Gelatins, and Related Products, Report No. 135, 1940 25 

Starches, Dextrines, and Related Products, Report No. 138, Second Series, 1940 . . .30 

Silverware, Report No. 139, Second Series, 1940 25 

Changes in Import Duties Since the Passage of the Tariff Act of 1930, Mis- 
cellaneous Series, 1939 45 

Rxiles of Practice and Procedure and Laws Relating to the United States Tariff 

Commission, Miscellaneous Series, 1939 10 

(For sale by the Superintendent of Docmnents, Government Printing Office, 
Washington, D. C, at prices listed) 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

tr 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

UNITED STATES PRODUCTION 

AND SALES 

1940 



REPORT No. 148 

SECOND SERIES 




UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON : 1941 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D. C. -••••••• Price 10 cents 



<'■ ^'>. iiUPERiNTENDENT OF ; 

^£B 9 1942 

UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

RAYMOND B. STEVENS, Chairman 
OSCAR B. RYDER, Vice Chairman 
EDGAR B. BROSSARD 
E. DANA DURAND 

E. M. WHITCOMB, Acting Secretary 



Address all communications 

UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

WASHINGTON, D. C. 



CONTENTS 

PaE« 

Acknowledgment v 

Introduction 1 

PART I 
Summary, 1940 1 

PART II 

Production and sales by groups, 1940: 

Coal-tar crudes 5 

Coal-tar intermediates & 

Coal-tar dyes 17 

Color lakes and toners 34 

Mediciiials 36 

Flavors and perfume materials 42 

Resins 46 

Rubber chemicals 48 

Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals 50- 

APPENDIXES 

A. Research expenditures 59 

B. Imports 59 

C. Directory of manufacturers of synthetic organic chemicals, 1940 61 

STATISTICAL TABLES 

1. Comparison of United States production of tar and production and 

sales of certain crudes, average 1934-38, annually 1939 and 1940 2 

2. Intermediates, dyes, and other coal-tar chemicals: Summary of United 

States production and sales in 1940 3 

3. Intermediates, dyes, and certain other classes of coal-tar chemicals: 

Comparison of United States production and sales, average 1934-38, 
annually 1939 and 1940 4 

4. Synthetic organic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin: Summary of United 

States production and sales in 1940 4 

5. Synthetic organic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin: Comparison of 

L^nited States production and sales, average 1934-38, annually 1939 

and 1940 4 

6. Coal-tar crudes: United States production and sales in 1940 6 

7. Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales in 1940 7 

8. Comparison of United States production and sales of dves, by classes of 

apphcation, average 1934-38, annually 1939 and 1940 18 

9. Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, in 1940- . 19 

10. Color lakes and toners: United States production and sales in 1940 34 

11. Synthetic medicinals: United States production and sales in 1940: 

(A) Coal-tar 37 

(B) Non-coal-tar 40 

12. Synthetic flavors and perfume materials: United States production and 

sales in 1940: 

(A) Coal-tar 42 

(B) Non-coal-tar 44 

13. Svnthetic resins: United States production and sales in 1940: 

(A) Coal-tar 47 

(B) Non-coal-tar 47 

14. Synthetic rubber chemicals: United States production and sales in 1940: 

(A) Coal-tar 48 

(B) Non-coal-tar 50 

15. Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals: L^nited States production 

and sales in 1940: 

(A) Coal-tar 51 

f B) Non-coal-tar 53 

16. Coal-tar intermediates, and finished coal-tar products classified by 

uses: United States imports for consumption, 1938-40, and 6 months 

of 1941 60 

m 



ACKNOWLEDGMENT 

In the preparation of this report, the Commission had the services 
of W. F. Sterling, Bertha M. Robertson, and James H. Hibben of the 
Chemical Division, and of others. 

V 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, UNITED STATES 
PRODUCTION AND SALES, 1940 

INTRODUCTION 

The United States Tariff Commission's twenty-fourth annual 
report on the production and sales of synthetic organic chemicals in 
the United States is of special significance at this time since it includes 
statistics on many products essential to national defense and to the 
public health. Among these are toluol and phenol, which are basic 
raw materials for military explosives; phenol, urea, formaldehyde, 
styrene, and acrylates — some of the basic materials used in the manu- 
facture of resins and plastics for airplane turrets and to replace 
valuable metals; such chemotherapeutic agents as sulfapyridine, sul- 
fanilamide, and sulfathiazole, and the synthetic vitamins, nicotinic 
acid amide, and vitamin C, ascorbic acid, essential to the public health. 

The products included in this report are grouped, as far as prac- 
ticable, according to use under the following classifications: Coal-tar 
crudes, mtermediates, dyes, color lakes and toners, coal-tar and non- 
coal-tar medicinals, flavors and perfume materials, resins, rubber 
chemicals, and miscellaneous chemicals. 

In order to obtain information on the relationship between research 
and development m the chemical industry, the Commission has, from 
time to time, compiled data on expenditures for research by the 
synthetic organic chemical mdustry. Appendix A of this report 
contains a summary of such expenditures. 

The Tariff Commission also cooperates \nth the Department of 
Commerce m an analysis of imports of coal-tar intermedia,tes and 
finished products.^ A" summary of the import data obtained for 
1938-40 and 1941 (6 months) is given in appendix B. 

The statistics of production and sales for 1940 were compiled from 
returns of 314 companies. Appendix C is a directory of all manu- 
facturers who have given permission to be identified as producers. 
Every effort has been made to avoid duplicating either production or 
sales statistics. In order not to disclose the operations of individual 
companies, statistics of production and sales are, in certain cases, 
included only in the group totals. 

PART I.— SUMMARY, 1940 

Production and sales of all classes of coal-tar and non-coal-tar 
chemicals in 1940 exceeded those of any previous year. Acceleration 
in the rate of coke-oven operations resulted in an increase of more 
than 20 percent over the 1939 output of coal tar and of about 38 
percent over the 1934-38 average. The sales and production of some 

1 U. S. Imports for Consumption of Dyes, aromatic Chemicals, Medicinals, and Other Coal-Tar Prod- 
ucts in Paragraphs 27 and 28 of the Tarifl Act of 1930, Semi-Annual Statement No. 2865. 



2 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

of the prmcipal coal-tar crudes increased in 1940 over thosetof 1939 
and preceding years because of the greater demand for refined'coal-tar 
products. This demand approached the output capacity for such 
products in 1940. By early 1941, capacity was so nearly reached that 
there could be little increase in output without plant expansion. 

The production of coal tar and the production and sales of some of 
the principal coal-tar crudes are shown in table 1 for the years 1939 
and 1940, and the average for the period 1934-38. 

Table 1.— Comparison of United States production of tar and production and sales 
of certain crudes, average 1934-38, annually 1939 and 1940 

[Production and sales in thousands of gallons; value in thousands of dollarsl 



Product 


Average 
1934-38 


1939 


1940 


Increase, 

1940 over 

1939 




488,407 

22, 376 

20, 273 

2,822 

70, 306 

69, 303 

6,363 

68, 935 

61,618 

1,239 

92, 397 
93, 332 
10, 140 

17, 571 
17, 269 

4,568 


554,406 

30, 470 

26, 628 

3,618 

86, 246 

81, 672 

7,679 

104, 086 

87,837 

1,517 

110, 242 

101, 487 

12, 385 

24, 355 
24, 683 
4,952 


673, 287 

36, 556 
33, 376 
4,305 

101, 140 

95, 330 

8,038 

159, 637 

145, 914 

2,920 

119, 679 
107, 716 
13, 030 

30, 440 

29, 524 

7,298 


Percent 
21.4 


Benzol: 


20.0 


Sales 


25.3 


Sales value 


19.0 


Motor benzol: 


17.3 


Sales 


16.7 


Salesvalue . 


4.7 


Naphthalene: 


53.4 


Sales ' . .- 


66.1 


Salesvalue - 


92.5 


Creosote oil: 


8.6 


Sales 


6.1 




5.2 


Toluol: 

Production 


25.0 


Sales 


19.6 




47.4 







1 Thousands of pounds. 

Source: Compiled from data reported to the Tariff Commission and to the Bureau of Mines. 

The total sales of synthetic organic chemicals in 1940, including 
sales of finished coal-tar products, intermediates and non-coal-tar 
chemicals, were valued at $483,417,000, an increase of 26 percent over 
the sales in 1939, which, in turn, exceeded those of any previous year. 
The increase in sales value of coal-tar chemicals, including inter- 
mediates in the same period was from $184,645,000 in 1939 to 
$218,110,000 in 1940, or 18 percent, and in non-coal-tar chemicals 
from $199,698,000 to $265,307,000, or 33 percent. 

The groups advancing most in sales value and in production were 
the coal-tar resins, medicinals, and mtermediates. In 1940, as m 
preceding years, about one-half of the output of intermediates and 
non-coal-tar chemicals and smaller fractions of other groups were not 
sold as such but were consumed by producers in further processing. 
The peak activity in both sales and production m this year reflected 
improved business activity, some of which was inspired by increased 
civilian consumption and some by uidirect demands for military 
purposes. In the first half of 1940 consumption for direct military 
use was not an important factor. In the second half of 1940, however, 
and in 1941, the production of synthetic organic chemicals for defense 
purposes steadily increased. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 6 

Other factors influencing production were the accumulation of 
inventories of both consumers and producers, and an increase in 
exports, together with a decrease in imports of organic chemicals. 
The value of exports of coal-tar products reached $28,449,000 in 1940, 
the highest figure on record. Imports of coal-tar products decreased 
in value from the 10-year high of $18,942,000 reached in 1939 to 
$9,034,000 in 1940— the lowest since 1919. Virtually all important 
raw materials for synthetic organic chemicals were abundant in the 
United States in 1940 and, in general, prices of dyes, intermediates, 
and finished products advanced only moderately. The average value 
per pound of coal-tar dyes increased from 61 cents in 1939 to 62 cents 
in 1940; intermediates from 14 cents to 15 cents; and finished prod- 
ucts from 41 to 43 cents. Production and sales of intermediates, 
dyes, and other coal-tar chemicals are summarized in table 2, and 
comparisons thereof are made in table 3 by groups for 1939, 1940, 
and the average for 1934-38. Similar statistics for non-coal-tar 
chemicals, grouped according to their uses, are shown in tables 4 and 
5. The value per pound of all non-coal-tar chemicals remained at 
13 cents, although the unit values of some individual groups, such as 
medicinals, resins, and flavors and perfumes, increased appreciably. 

Table 2. — Intermediates, dyes, and other coal-tar chemicals: Summary of United 
States production and sales in 1940 

[Quantity in thousands of pounds; value in thousands of dollars] 





Number 
of manu- 
facturers 


Production 
(quantity) 


Sales 


Product 


Quantity 


Value 


Value per 
pound 


Intermediates 


69 
225 


805. 807 
522, 851 


315. 967 
402, 325 


$46, 428 
171, 682 


.$0. 15 


Finished products, total - - - 


.43 






Dyes: 

Classified 




104, 539 
23, 295 


100, 793 
21, 884 


51, 430 
25, 002 


.51 


Linclassified 




1.14 








Total 


46 


127, 834 


122, 677 


76. 432 


.62 






Color lakes and toners, 


45 
52 
30 
66 
11 
51 


19, 213 
18, 214 
5. 485 
222, 943 
37. 139 
92, 023 


16, 786 
15,010 
5.062 
153, 521 
28, 025 
61,244 


12,512 
17. 774 
4,751 
33, 378 
1.3. 600 
13, 235 


.75 


Medicinals 


1.18 


Flavors anr] pprfnme mntpfifils 


.94 


Pesins _ .. . 


.22 


Rubber chemicals 


.49 


Miscellaneous ' 


.22 







J Includes benzoate of ammonia, benzoate of soda, benzoyl peroxide, biological stains and chemical indi- 
cators, poisonous and tear gases, synthetic insecticides, photographic chemicals, plasticizers, synthetic 
tanning materials, textile chemicals, and others. 



416161 — 41- 



4 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 3. — Intermediates, dyes, and certain other classes of coal-tar chemicals: 
Comparison of United States production and sales, average 1934-38, annually 
1939 and 1940 

[Production and sales in thousands of pounds; sales value in thousands of dollars] 



Product 


1934-38 
average 


1939 


1940 


Increase, 

1940 over 

1939 


Intermediates: 

Production __ _ _ . 


462, 614 
197, 918 
28,305 

292, 873 
251, 838 
106, 800 

102, 528 
101, 137 
55, 227 

11,596 
9,625 
9,412 

4,041 
3,757 
3,354 

102, 644 
77, 891 
15, 271 


607, 175 
269, 084 
38, 489 

437, 867 
353, 604 
146, 156 

120, 191 
114, 494 
70, 224 

15, 188 
12, 932 
13,711 

5,349 
4,938 
4,447 

179, 338 
128, 420 
23, 028 


805, 807 
315, 967 
46, 428 

522, 851 
402, 325 
171, 682 

127, 834 
122, 677 
76, 432 

18, 214 
15. 010 
17, 774 

5,485 
5,062 
4,751 

222, 943 
153, 521 
33, 378 


Percent 
32.7 


Sales ---- 

Sales value - . _ . 


17.4 
20.6 


Finished coal-tar products: ' 

Production 


19.4 


Sales 


13.8 


Sales value ._ 


17.5 


Dyes: 

Production ___ 

Sales 


6.4 
7.1 


Sales value 


8.8 


Medicinals: 

Production 

Sales . .- 


19.9 
16. 1 


Sales value. .. 


29.8 


Flavors and perfume materials: 
Production 


2.5 


Sales 

Sales value .. ... . 


2.5 
6.8 


Resins: 

Production 

Sales 


24.3 
19.5 


Sales value 


44.9 







Includes color lakes, rubber chemicals, and miscellaneous coal-tar products not shown separately. 



Table 4. — Synthetic organic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin: Summary of United 
States production and sales in 1940 

[Quantity in thousands of pounds; value in thousands of dollars] 





Number 
of manu- 
facturers 


Production 


Sales 


Product 


Quantity 


Quantity 


Value 


Value per 
pound 


Medicinals 

Flavors and perfume materials . 


37 
30 
22 
9 
92 


2,246 

2,510 

53, 871 

16,915 

3, 857, 541 


1,727 

2,129 

47, 579 

15, 353 

1, 922, 496 


$7, 587 

1,925 

25, 990 

3,747 

226, 058 


$4.39 
.90 


Resins 


.55 


Rubber chemicals.. . 


.24 


Miscellaneous chemicals. 


.12 






Total 




3. 933, 083 


1, 989, 284 


265, 307 


.13 









Table 5. — Synthetic organic chemicals of non-coal-tar origin: Comparison of United 
States production and sales, average 1934-38, annually 1939 and 1940 

[Production and sales in thousands of pounds; value in thousands of dollars] 



Item 


Average 
1934-38 


1939 


1940 


Increase, 

1940 over 

1939 


Production . .. . .. . . .. 


1,941,220 
951, 158 
106, 171 


3, 034, 655 

1, 532, 363 

199, 698 


3, 933, 083 

1, 989, 284 

265, 307 


Percent 
29.6 


Sales 


29.8 


Sales value 


32.9 







SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 5 

PART II.— PRODUCTION AND SALES BY GROUPS, 1940 

COAL-TAR CRUDES 

Coal-tar crudes, obtained from coal tar, are the basic raw materials 
from which the synthetic coal-tar chemicals are manufactured. An 
increase in coke-oven operations in 1940 brought about an mcrease of 
21.4 percent in the output of coal tar above the amount produced in 

1939, or from 554,406,000 gallons to 673,287,000 gallons, according to 
statistics collected and compiled by the Bureau of Mines. The 
quantity of coal tar, water-gas tar, and oil-gas tar distilled in 1939 by 
the purchasers thereof, as reported to the United States Tariff Com- 
mission, was 334,871,000 gallons. The quantity so distilled in 1940 
was 346,792,000 gallons — a gain of 3.5 percent. Fifty-two percent 
of the coal tar produced in 1940 was sold by the producers, as com- 
pared with 62 percent in 1939 and 72 percent in 1938. 

The output of crude and refined toluene in 1940 was an increase of 
25 percent over the preceding year, or from 24,355,000 gallons to 
30,440,000 gallons — the largest output on record. The increase was 
no doubt stimulated by consumption for military uses. No com- 
mercial production of toluene of nitration grade from petroleum was 
reported in 1940, but it is likely that in 1941 the quantity so derived 
will approach the combined production from byproduct coke ovens 
and from coal-tar distillation. Other light oil products, such as 
benzol, motor benzol, and xylol, showed substantially increased 
production in 1940, 

The production of crude naphthalene increased from 104,086,000 
pounds in 1939 to 159,637,000 pounds in 1940, an increase of 53.4 
percent. Increased demand, particularly from manufacturers of 
phthalic anhydride resins, and decreased imports (41,000,000 to 
6,000,000 pounds) were no doubt responsible for the larger output in 

1940. Increased demand for creosote oil for waterproofing and for 
resin manufacture have resulted in greater recovery of crude cresylic 
and other tar acids. 

Table 6 shows domestic production and sales of coal tar, crude light 
oils, and crude products made from them, as well as of naphthalene, 
cresylic acid, creosote oil, and several kinds of distillate and residue 
tar. These statistics are a combination of the data reported to the 
Bureau of Mines by coke-oven operators who distill or partially distill 
(top) tar produced by themselves, and those reported to the Tariff 
Commission by distillers of purchased tar. 



6 UlSnTED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 6. — Coal-tar crudes: ^ United States production and sales in 1940 

[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on 
p. 61 . An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number 
with the designated product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that the statistics 
of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information with regard to individual firms.] 

UnU 
Tar distilled by purchasers thereof: ^ Gallons Value value 

Oil-gas tar 5,247,209 $235,766 $0,045 

Water-gas tar 41,579,643 1,830,923 .044 

Coal tar 299,965,061 15,461,612 .052 

Total 346,791,913 17,528,301 .050 



Product 



Tar 3 gallons.. 

Light oil and derivatives: 

Crude light oil do — 

Benzol (except motor benzol) _ . 

gallons. 

Motor benzol ' do 

Toluol, crude and refined 

gallons. 

Solvent naphtha, crude and 

refined. gallons. 

Xylol 3 do 

Other light oil products ^.do 

Naphthalene, crude (solidifying 

under 79° C.)5 pounds. 

Anthracene, crude (less than 30 

percent) 2 pounds. 

Cresylic acid, crude (less than 75 

percent) 2 gallons. 

Cumene 2 do 

Pyridine, crude and refined 3 . do 

Creosote oil do 



Coal tar sold or consumed in coal- 
tar solution. 2 gallons. 
Tars, crude and refined 2 do 

Tars, road 2. _do 

Other distillates " do.... 

Pitch of tar tons.. 

Pitch of tar coke 2 do 

Total 



Identification numbers of 
manufacturers reporting 
to Tariff Commission (ac- 
cording to list on p. 61) 



58, 109, 121, 178, 187, 

198, X, X. 
8,22, 159, 178, 198 



8,22, 159, 178,198 

8, 22, 127, 159, 169, 187, 



8, 22, 159, 58, 109, 121, 159, 
178, 187, 188, 198, X, X. 

22,,58, 127, 159, 178,187,188, 
194, X. 

187 



22, 217. 
22 



8, 11, 22, 57, 58, 68, 109, 115, 
121, 127, 129, 159, 187, 
188, 194, X, X. 

11, 22, 121, 127, 187, 188.... 



22, 58 
178, 

11, 22, 
187, 

8, 11, 
173, 
X. 

11, 22, 
121, 
188, 

11, 22, 



, 109, 121, 127, 159, 

187, 188, 194, X, X. 
68, 109, 115, 127, 178, 

188, 194. 

22, 57, 109, 121, 127, 
187, 188, 194, 198, X, 

57, 58, 68, 109, 115, 
127, 129, 173, 187, 

194, X. 

68, 115, 127, 187, 188.. 



Production 
(quantity) 



286, 517 

617, 985 

555, 643 

140, 079 
440, 324 



9, 230, 139 



645, 993 
689, 253 



159, 637, 499 



241, 075 
678, 785 



215, 152 
718, 000 
523, 083 
631, 609 

707, 082 

90, 906 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



691, 110 

324, 670 

376, 216 

329,911 
524, 248 



8, 496, 302 



335, 574 
561, 159 



5, 
9, 

145, 914, 455 



218, 165 
107, 715, 986 



4, 274, 152 
23, 173, 506 
152, 737, 701 
13, 091, 194 

391, 741 

87, 177 



$16, 051, 496 

3 829, 031 

4, 304, 574 

8, 037, 526 
7, 297, 790 



1, 239, 603 
956, 102 

2, 920, 029 



296, 441 
13, 030, 307 



249, 224 

1, 678, 895 

10, 511, 926 

1, 983, 027 

4, 988, 049 

1, 009, 219 



77, 258, 333 



Unit 
value 



$0,046 

.080 

.129 

.084 
.247 

.179 

.232 
.100 

.020 



1.359 
.121 



.058 
.072 
.069 
.151 

12. 733 

11. 580 



• Data for coke ovens reported to Bureau of Mines, and for tar refineries and others, to United States Tarifl 
Commission unless otherwise noted. 

2 Reported to United States Tariff Commission only. 

3 Reported to Bureau of Minos only. 

< Includes production and sales of motor benzol, and xylol , and sales of crude light oil reported to the Tariff 
Commission and other light oil products reported to Bureau of Mines. 

' Includes refined naphthalene reported to Bureau of Mines. 

6 Includes crude-tar acids and pyridine reported to United States Tariff Commission and phenol, sodium 
phenolate, and certain other products reported to Bureau of Mines. 

COAL-TAR INTERMEDIATES 



The production of coal-tar intermediates in 1939, then the highest 
on record, was surpassed in 1940 by 32.7 percent, amounting to 
607,175,000 pounds in 1939 and to 805,807,000 pounds in 1940. Sales 
amounted to 315,967,000 pounds, or an increase of 17.4 percent over 
those of 1939. The difference between production and sales is almost 
entirely due to the large consumption by producers in the manufacture 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICAL'S 7 

of finished products. The distinction between finished products and 
intermediates is, at times, arbitrary since many products may be 
classified as either an intermediate or a finished product. When a 
coal-tar product falls logically into more than one category, it is 
usually classified by the producer as an intermediate. 

The increase in output of intermediates used in the manufacture of 
synthetic resins was largely responsible for the increase in total output. 
Thus phthalic anhydride and phthalic acid production rose from 
44,274,000 pounds in 1939 to 57,946,000 in 1940, or 31 percent; phenol, 
both natural and synthetic, from 68,577,000 to 96,155,000 pounds, or 
40 percent. The output of maleic acid and anhydride reached 
4,497,000 pounds, which was more than double that of the preceding 
year. While the production of refined naphthalene decreased slightly 
in 1940, there was an increase of 53.4 percent in crude naphthalene 
production. Of the refined naphthalene produced in 1940, amounting 
to 58,250,000 pounds, 52,095,000 pounds were from domestic crude 
and 6,155,000 from foreign crude, as compared with 31,705,000 from 
domestic and 27,761,000 from foreign crude in 1939. Production of 
aniline oil, the basic intermediate used in the manufacture of dyes, 
was 55,720,000 pounds in 1940, an increase of 13,944,000 pounds over 
the 1939 production. 

Other important intermediates showing considerable gain in 1940 
over the 1939 output are: Benzoic acid, 43 percent; cliloroanthra- 
quinone, 72.5 percent; dimethylaniline, 70 percent; dinitrochloro- 
benzene, 32 percent; dinitrobenzene, 44 percent; trichlorobenzene, 
116 percent; and refined cresylic acid, 30 percent. Newly installed 
equipment for increasing the capacity to produce phenol was in 
operation only part of the year. 

Statistics of production and sales of coal- tar intermediates in 1940 
are shown in table 7. 



Table 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales in 1940 

[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed 
on p. 61. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification 
number with the designated product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that the 
statistics of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information with regard to indi- 
vidual firms. The figures thus concealed, however, are included in the total.] 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list 
on p. 61) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Acetanilide, tech__ , __. 


45,60,62,87,145 

87 


Pounds 
398, 833 


Pounds 






Acetanilide-p-sulfonic acid 








Acetoacetanilide _ . 


37,230 - 












230 










p-Acetoaeetchloroanilide(aeetoacet-p-chlo- 


230 










roanilide). 
o-Acetoacetotoluide(acetoacet-o-toluidide). 
Acetoaceto-m-xvlide (acetoacet-m-xyli- 


230 










230 










dide). 
5-Acetylamino salicylic acid 


1 










o-Acetaniside (acetvl-o-anisidine) 


6 












105 










Acetvldiaminoanthraquinone 


6 










Acetvl-l,4-naphthalenediamine-6 and 7- 


150 










sulfonic acids (aeetylamino Cleve's 
acid). 


87 










Acetylsulfanilic acid 


6 










Acetyltoluidine (acetotoluide) 

Acetyl-p-toluidine 


8, 150 










62, 105,X,X 











8 UNITED STATES TAKIFF COMMISSION 

Table 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales in 1940 — Con. 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list 
on p. 61) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Acridine yellow 


62,150 .._- 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Adipicacid __ 


62 ..._ 










m-Aminoacetanilide (aeetyl-m-aminoani- 


6 










line). 
p-Aminoacetanilide (acetyl-p-phenylene- 


45,62,87,150 


298, 881 

427, 415 
747, 360 








diamine). 
l-Aminoanthraquinone and salt _ 


6,62,87,150 








2-Aminoanthraquinone-- 


62,87,150 








l-AminoanthraQuinonc-2-sulfonicacid 


87 








Aminoazobenzene and hydrochloride 


6, 8, 45, 62, 87, 150, 172. 
6,87, 150 

6, 8, 45, 62, 87, 150, 172. 
6, 8, 45, 62, 87, 150, 172. 
6,87,150 -.._ 


206, 457 

35, 014 

175, 325 

449, 029 








Aminoazobenzene disulfonic acid... 








Aminoazobenzene sulfonic acid 








Aminoazotoluene 








Aminoazotoluene mono sulfonic acid and 








salt. 
Aminoazoxylene 


6,87.150 










Aminoazoxylene-toluidine 


8,150 .__ 










8-Amino-l,2-benzacridone 


62_-_- 










o-Aminobenzoic acid (anthranilic acid)... 


7,60,62 ... 




130, 615 


$101,904 


$0.78 


p-Aminobenzoic acid 


62 






o-Aminobenzoio-p-sulfonic acid... 


87 










Amino-5-benzovlaminoanthraqmnone 


62,87 










m-Aminobenzoyl J acid 


6,62,150,172 

6,45,62,87,150,172... 


24, 816 






'" 


p-Aminobenzoyl J acid._ ,_ 








p-Aminobenzoyl-m-phenvlenediamine 


62 










m- Aminobenzoyl-p-tol vlenediamine 


62 










l-Amino-2-bromo-4-p-toluidine anthra- 


62 










quinone. 
Aminobutyrylaminodiethyl hydroquin- 


172 










one. 
3-Amino-4-ch]orobenzoyl benzoic acid 


87 










Aminochlorodiphenyl ether 


172 










■2- Amino-4-chloro toluene 


62, 150 - 












62, 150 .. 










m-Aminocresvl methyl ether 


45 










l-Amino-2,4-dibromoanthraquinone _ 


62,150 










2-Amino-l,4-diothoxy benzene _ _ 


87 












X 










chloride. 
p-Aminodiethylaniline 


69, 87 










2-Amino-l,4-dimethoxy benzene . 


87 












69 












62 










Aminodiphenylamine sulfonic acid 


45, 87, 150 . . 










Aminodiphenyl ether .... 


172 










1 












6_. 










4-Amino-3-methoxy diphenylamine-2-sul- 


45 ... 










fonic acid. 


87 










1,7-Aminonaphthol 


62 










l-Amino-8-naphthol-2,4-disulfonic acid 


45,62,150 


178, 471 
4, 309, 188 








(Chica!!o acid). 
l-Amino-8-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid 

(H acid). 
•2-Amino-8-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid 

(2Racid). 

l-Amino-2-naphthol-4-sulfonicacid 

l-Amino-8-naphthol-4-sulfonicacid 

•2-Amino-5-naphthol-7-sulfonic acid (J 

acid). 
2-Amino-8-naphthol-6-sulfonic acid 

(gamma acid). 


45,62,87,149,150 

62, 150 














45,62,87,150 


835. 754 
37, 065 

884, 054 

1, 302, 585 

32, 137 
674, 643 








45, 62, 150 








6,45,62,87,150 

6,45,62,87,150 

62,69,237,246, X 

8, 62, 69, 237, 246, 248, 

X. 
45,62,150 - 


64,129 

154,092 

28, 968 
273, 009 


109, 133 

129, 224 

40, 259 
177, 370 


1.70 
.84 
1.39 


p-Aminophenol and hydrochloride 


.65 


p-Aminophenylammonium hydroxide 

m-Aminophenylpyrazolone carboxylic 

acid. 
p-Aminophenyl-p-tolylamine sulfonic 

acid. 


X 










62 










45 X 










172 . . 












184, X -. 












6,45,150 . - 


17, 768 










87 










45 










Amino violanthrene 


87 











SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 9 

Tablk 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales in 1940 — Con. 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list 
on p. 61) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Amy benzyl cvclohexyl amine 


149 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Amyl naphthalenes . .. 


202 - 










Amyl phenol (p-tertiary) . 


202 - 










Aniline disulfonic acid 


45,62,150,172 

8 


70, 332 








Aniline hydrochloride and sulfate . 








Aniline methane sulfonic acid 


87,172 












8, 60, 62, 145, 149, 

150,151. 
62,150,172 


55, 719, 733 


20, 074, 178 


$2,182,948 


$0.11 


Aniline omega sulfonic acid 


Anisic acid -- - - 


X 










o-Anisidine . 


62,149 - 










p-Anisidine - 


62,149,150 -- 










o-Anisidine omega sulfonic acid 


150,172 










Anthranilic acid (see o-Aminobenzoic 

acid) . 
Anthracene, refined -- .- 


187 










Anthraquinone (100 percent) . . . _ 


8,150 










Anthraquinone-2,r)-disulfonate-. __ 


62,87 










Anthraquinone 2.7-disulfonate - 


150 










Anthraquinone-l,5-disulfonic acid _. -_- 


62,87 










Anthraquinone-l,8-disulfonic acid - 


62,87 










Anthraquinonp-2,6-disulfonic acid 


150 










o-Anthraquinone hydrazine disulfonate.-. 


87,150 -- 










Anthraquinone-l,8-potassium disulfonate. 


62 










Anthraquinone-1-sodium sulfonate.- . __ 


62 










Anthraquinone-2-sodium sulfonate (silver 


6,62,150 










salt). 
1-Anthraquinone sulfonic acid... 


87 .-. — — - 










2-Anthraquinone sulfonic acid 


87 - 










1 ,9- Anthrathiazol-2-carbonyl chloride 


62 . - 












X 










Azoxvaniline _ - _ 


172 — - 










Benzaldehyde, tech 


25, 100, X .-- - 










Benzaldehyde disulfonic acid -- - 


87 — 










Benzaldehyde monosulfonic acid-- 


87 . 










BenzamidC- .. .. __ 


87, 108 










Benzanthrone-- . _. -. . . 


6,8,62,87,150,167 

62 


477, 161 








Benzene sodium disulfonate _. . _. . 








Benzene sulfonamide ... . 


149 










Benzene sulfonic acid . -- 


149- 











Benzene sulfonyl chloride.-- 


69,149 










Benzidine, base - -- - 


20,45,62,150 










Benzidine disulfonic acid -. - ------ 


6, 45, 87, 172, X 

8,62,87,150 


21, 377 
1,626,424 








Benzidine hydrochloride and sulfate 








Benzidine sulfonic acid ..- 


45 








Benzoic acid, tech - - . - _ .. 


62,100,104,108.149.- 
87,108 - 


318, 849 


281, 202 


108, 556 


.39 


Benzoic anhydride . -- - . 




Benzotrichloride 


104,108,149 . - 


166, 176 


137, 685 


20, 022 


.15 


Benzoyl acetanilide - 


X 




l-Benzoylamino-4-chloroanthraquinone 


87 










l-Benzoylamino-5-chloroanthraquinone 


62, 150 










2-Benzovlamino-l,4-diethoxybenzene 


87 .- 










2-Benzoylamino-l,4-dimethoxybenzene 


87 — 










5-Benzoylaniino-2-nitro-hydroquinone 


87 










diethylether. 
l-Benzovlamino-5-p-toluene sulfonic an- 


62 










thraquinone. 
Benzoyl benzoic acid . . 


8,62.87,150. - 










Benzoyl chloride . . - 


60,108,149 










Benzoyl J acid . .. . 


45 










Benzyl chloride _ 


25, 108, 149, X 

25 - 


2,377,768 








Benzyl cyanide ... 








Benzyl disulfide -. .- 


108 .- 










Benzylidine aminopyrazolone 


X - . 










Broenner's acid (see 2-Naphthylamine- 

6-sulfonicacid). 
Bromamine acid .. .--_-- 


62, 87, 150 

6,62,87 


35, 877 








Bromobenzanthrone 










60,69,78 










p-Bromomethylaminoanthraquinone 

1-Bromonaphthalene 


87 










78 










3-Bromophthalic acid 


X .- -. 












60 










Butyl phenyl phosphite 


149 










Carbazole, refined 


187 










Carbazole ethoxy pyrazolone 


87 -- 










Chicago acid (see l-Amino-8-naphthol- 












2,4-disulfonicacid). 













10 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales in 1940 — Con. 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list 
on p. 61) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 




X 


Pounds 


Pounds 






2-Chloro-3-acetamino anthraquinone 


87 












37.230 












172 










l-Chloro-5-aminoanthraquinone - 


62,150 










l-Chloro-8-aminoantliraquinone 


62 












87 












62,87,150, X 










Chloroaminophenol sulfonic acid 


45,87,150 










5-Chloro-2-aminotoluene hydrochloride 


62 












149,237 












62,149 












62,149 












87,172 












6,45,62 


28, 188 










108,150,237 










172 












8,62,87,150 


742, 508 
89, 445 










62,105,150 










6,150 










60, 62, 71, 108, 149, 

211, X, X. 
87 . 




4, 938, 286 


$190, 671 


$0 04 










87 












62,150, X 

87 


14, 867 
















l-Chloro-5-benzovlaniino anthraquinone . 


87 












8,62,87,150 


1, 570, 790 










108 








l-Chloro-2-carboxy anthraquinone 


62,150 










22 










2-Chloro-l,4-dihydroxy anthraquinone 

(chloroquinizarin). 


62,150 










6 . . _ 












X 












62, l.TO .-- _. 












8,62,87,150 


129, 721 










108, X 








8-Chloro-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid- - 


87 - 










8,60,62 


101, 393 








p-Chloronitroaniline 

p-Chloro-o-nitroaniline.. 


60,150,237 








62 










87 










l-Chloro-5-nitroanthraquinone 

l-Chloro-8-nitroanthraquinone 


62,150 










62 










87 










Chloronitrodiphenyl ether 


172 










62,87 












62,150 












149, X 












60,149 - - -. 












X - 










Chlorophpnylhydrazine-p-suifonic acid - - - 


87 










172 










Chlorosulfophenylmethylpyrazolone . 


62,87 










22 












62,105,108,150 










o-Chloro-p-toluene sodium sulfonate 


149, X 










87 












150 












172 












8,45, 62, X 


247, 641 


36,896 


29,930 


.81 




62 






62,87, 150 

6 


85, 434 


















87 










Chromotropic acid (see 1, 8-Dihydroxy- 
naphthaIene-3,6-disulfonic acid) . 

Cleve's acid (see l-Naphthylamine-6 and 
7-snlfonicacid). 


62 












22, 187, 188, X 

22 - -- 


1, 329, 199 


1, 370, 169 


152, 785 


.11 








22,222 












22, 187, 188 












8, 22, 127, X ._. 

60 


16,049,525 


16,023,297 


1, 209, 428 


.08 






Cresylic acid (refined) 


8,22, 127, 187, X 


18, 371, 261 


18, 048, 382 


i, 234, ii3 


.07 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS H 

Table 7.- — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales in 1940 — Con. 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list 
on p. 61) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Cresvl glycol - - --- 


87 


Pounds 


Pounds 






o-Cresyl-p-toluene sulfonate 


149 










Cumidine,_ .. 


23, 150 










Cvanoacetvlcoumarone... _ --_ 


X 










Cyclohexvlamine. . . 


149 










Decvl benzene . 


149 










Dehvdrothio-p-toluidine 


62 










Dehydrothio-p-toluidine sulfonic acid .. 


45.62, 150 


24, 372 








m-Diaminoanisole __. _ . _ . . ... 


237 








Diaminoanthraquinone. . . 


6, 45, 62, 87, 150 

62, 150 


212, 498 








2,6-D iaminoanthraquinone 








Diaminoanthrarufin ... 


62 










Diaminodiacetic acid... . 


172 










D iaminodibenzanthronyl 


62 










4,4' - Diamine - 2.2' - dimethyldiphenyl- 


150 










methane. 
l,8-Diamino-4,5-dinitro anthraquinone.. 


62 










Diaminodiphenvlamine sulfonic acid 


6,45 










DiarainophenetoL ___ ._ _,- 


8.. 










Diaminostilbene disulfonic acid. .. . ... 


62, 87. 150 


261, 481 








1 ,5-D ianilidoanthraquinone-o-o-dicarbox- 


62,87 








ylic acid. 
Dianisidine .-. . . 


45,62 










1,1-Dianthraquinone imine . 


62,150 










1,1-Dianthraquinone imine diamino 


62,87,150 










1 , 1-D ianthraquinone imine-4,4-dibenzoyl- 


62,150 










diamino. 
1,1-Dianthraquinone imine 4,5-dibenzoyl 


62,150 










diamino. 
1,1-Dianthraquinone imine dinitro _._ 


62 










1,1-Dianthraquinylamine. 


87 










l-Diazo-2-naphthnl-4-sulfonic acid. 


45,150 










Diazosalicvlic acid- - . . _ . 


62.87,150 

8,62 


48, 790 








Dibenzanthrone . . . 








2.2-DibenzanthronyL_ .. _: 


62 










13,13-Dibenzanthronyl.. 


62 










4,.5-Dibenzoylamino-l, 1-dianthraquino- 


87 










nylamine. 
Dibenzvl .. .._ . ... 


100 . 










Dibenzvl aniline .. . . 


62- 










D ibromoaminoanthraquinone 


62,87 










p-Dibromobenzene 


60 










Dibromodiliydroxvnaphthalene 


X 










Dibromopyranthrone ... 


62 










Dichloroacetoacetanilide 


37 












45, 62, 108, 149, 150, 

237. 
6,62,172 


293, 902 


148, 308 


$62, 761 


$0.42 


Dichloroaniline sulfonic acid 


1,5-Dichloroanthraquinone .. 


62,150 










1,8-Dichloroanthraquinone. ^ .- 


62,87 










l,8-Dichloroanthraquinone-4, 5-disulfonic 


87 










acid. 
2,6-Dichlorobenzal chloride. . 


62 










2,6-Dichlorobenzaldehyde- . _. 


150 










o-Dichlorobenzene 


60, 62. 71, 108, 149, 

211, X. X. 
60, 62, 71, 108, 149, 

211.x, X. 
45,62,105, 150 


5, 849, 618 
15, 086, 726 


4, 375, 884 
14, 165, 109 


220, 285 
1, 207, 143 


.05 
09 


Dichlorobenzidine 




l,8-Diehloro-4,5-dinitroanthraquinone 


62 










2,4-DichlorophenoL ... .. . .. 


149 










Dichlorohvdrazine 


172 










D ichlorophenvlpyrazolone carboxylic acid. 


172 










Dichlorosulfophenylmethylpyrazolone... 


45,62,172 










Di-o-cresol _ __ ... ... 


X 










Dicvclohexvlamine ... .. 


149 










2,5-Diethoxy aniline. . 


60, 62 










3-Diethvlaminoacetanilide 


87 










Diethvlaminobenzaldehyde ... . 


87, 150 










3-Diethvlaminophenol. _ . . 


62, 139 










Diethvlaniline .. 


60,62, 150 










Diothvlaniline-m-sulfonic acid 


62, 139 










Diethyl-m-toluidine.- _ _ _- 


62 










Dihydroxyaminoanthraquione . 


87 










l,4-Dihydroxyanthraquinone(quinizarin). 


6, 8, 17, 62, 87, 150, 

248. 
62, 87, 150,X 


341, 912 
198, 114 








1,5-Dihydroxyanthraquinone (anthraru- 








fln). 

416161—41 3 









12 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United Slates production and sales in 1940— Con. 





Manufacturers' iden- 

tiflcation numbers 

(according to list 

on p. 61) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


1,8-Dihydroxyanthraquinone (chrysazin) . 
l,5-Dihydroxy-4,8-clinitroanthraquinone 

(4,8-dinitroanthrarufin) . 
6,5' - Dihydroxy - 7,7' - disulfonic - 2,2' -di- 

naphthylamiae (Rhoduline acid). 
6,5' - Dihydroxy - 7,7' - disulfonic - 2,2' - di- 

naphthylurea (J acid urea). 
Dihydroxyethylaniline 


62, 87 


Pounds 


Pounds 






6,62 










45,62,87, 172 

6,45,62,87, 150 

37, 87 


35, 427 
329, 764 




















87 












87 












62, 87, 150 


29, 007 
107, 540 








l,8-Dihydroxynaphthalene-3,6-disulfonlc 

acid (chromotropic acid). 
2,3-DihydroxynaphthaIene-6-sulfonicacid. 
5,5'-Dihydroxy-di-/3-naphthylamine-7,7'- 

disulfonic acid (I acid imide). 


6, 45, 62, 150 








87 








150 - - - 










87 












62 












8,60,62,65,150 

8, 62, 87, 150 


7, 049, 741 
79, 407 


















69 










87 












8, 149 












6,62 












62, 87 












8,62, 150 


2, 642, 074 










45, 87 - ----- 










6, 8, 62, 87, 149, 150- 
87 


9, 753, 665 


1, 786, 274 


$181, 001 


$0.10! 








25, 150, 215 




92, 870 


39, 807 


.43; 




60 -- --- 








62 












45, 87, 150- 


44,981 










6, 62, 87, 150-- - 










62, 87, 150 - - - 


495, 911 










62, 150 . 










87 












87 












150 . - . 












62 












6, 45, 62 


12, 326 










6 -- 










62 












60, 62 . 










Diphenyl and derivatives: 


60, 149 












149 - --- --- 












149 












60 










2-Chloro-6-phenylphenol and sodium 
salt. 


60 - . 










149 












149 












149 












60 












62 150, X 


57, 857 










62 87 










150 - 












62 










l|4-Di-p-toiylaminoantbraquinone 


62 










149 - 










6-Ethoxy;3-hydroxy thionaphthalene 


62 










87.x 












62, 139 - 












60,62,150 












60 












X 












149 












62, 150 












45. 62, 87, 105, 150—. 
02, 150 - 


453, 799 
















Ethylbenzyl-m-toluidiae sulfonic acid 


62 87, 150 


19, 010 








60 










62 












62, 139 












62, 150 










Fluorescein 


105, 154 











SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 13 

Table 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales in 1940 — Con. 





Manufactui'crs' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list 
on p. 61) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Gamma acid (see 2-Amino-8-naphthol-6- 




Pounds 


Pounds 






sulfonic acid). 
H acid (see I-Amino-8-naphthol-3,6-disul- 












fonic acid). 
Hexachlnrobenzene -- - 


108 










Hexachlorodiphenvl oxide 


60 










Hexamethylenediamine -. -- 


62 










Hexaraethylene diammoniura adipate 


62 










2,1-2,1-Hydrazine dibromoanttiraquinone- 


62 












38, 237, X 










Hvdroquinone diethyl ether . - 


87 










Hydroquinone dimethyl ether. 


87, X - 










1-H ydrox y-4-aminoanthraquinone 

l-HydroxyanthraQuinone.- - 


87 ■- 

6,150 










Hydroxy "ethylethvlaniline - -- 


62,87 










Hydroxy ethylmethylaniline 


87 












62,87, 150, X..- 

62 


1, 331, 807 


665, 007 


$642, 489 


$0.97 




p-Hydroxyphenyl arsenic acid 


1 










4-Hydroxyphenyl-2-naphthylamine 


87 












X 










Indophenol (blue and green) .-. 


20,62, 150 


325, 139 










150 








Isopropyl ester of p-toluidine sulfonic acid. 


62 










Iso violanthrone 


6 










Laurent's acid (see 1 -Naphthylamine-5- 












sulfonic acid). 
Lead trinitrorosorcinate (lead styphnate) . 


X 










Leuco-l,4-dimethvldiaminoanthraquinone 


62 












62 










Leuco quinizarin - ._ -- - -- --- 


6, 62, 150 












7, 37, 149, 150 

150 


4, 497, 216 


2, 922, 619 


718, 935 


.25 


Malic acid - 


Metanilic acid 


8, 45, 62, 87, 139, 150. 
87 


681, 181 








2-Methoxv-4-amino-diphenylamine-2-sul- 








fonic acid. 
1-Methoxyanthraquinone 


87 










2 - Methoxv - 4 - nitrodiphenylamine - 2- 


87 










sulfonic acid. 
4 - Methoxv - 4 - nitrodiphenylamine - 2- 


87 










sulfonic acid. 
Methoxy omeca sulfonic acid . 


62 










Methyl acetanilide_ ._. 


87 










Methylaminoanthraquinone. 


62, 87, 150 










4 - Methyl - 4 - aminodiphenylamine - 2- 


150 










sulfonic acid. 
2-Meth vlanthraquinone - 


8,62, 150 










2-Methvlbenzanthrone .- 


150 










Meth vlevclohexylamine 


149 










Methylene bismethvl ._. __- 


X 










N-Methvl naphthoquinoline (n-methyl 


87 










anthrapyridine). 
2-Methylquinoline (quinaldine) 


22, 150 










Methyl stvrenc . .-. ..- 


X 










Michler's hvdrol (see Tetramethvldi- 












aminobenzhydrol). 
Michler's Icetone (see Tetramethyldiam- 

inobenzophenone) 
Naphthalene, solidifying 79° C or above 

(refined, (lake). 
From domestic crude naphthalene 


8, 22, 53, 62, 187, 205, 
244, X, X. 


58, 249, 891 

52, 094, 527 

6, 155, 364 

274, 298 


31, 669, 868 


1, 839, 601 


.06 


From imported crude naphthalene 










1,5-Naphthalene disulfonic acid -- 


45,62,87, 150 

87 . 








1,6-Naphthalene disulfonic acid 








2,7-Naphthalene disulfonic acid .. . 


62, 150, X 










Naphthalene sodium sulfonate ._- 


87 










Naphthalene sodium trisulfonate 


X 










2-NaphthaIene sulfonic acid 


87, 149, 150 


31,414 








Naphthalene-i8-thio2;lvcnllic acid .. 


62, 87 








Naphthalene-l,3,6-trisulfonie acid 


87 ,.. 










Naphthionic acid (seel-Naphthylamine-1- 












sulfonic acid). 
a-Naphthnl 


45, 62, 87, 150 

8, 150, X... 


558. 859 








0-Naphthol, tech 








l-Naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid _- -.. 


45, 150 










l-Naphthol-8-chloro-3,6-disulfonic acid 


150 










(chloro H acid). 













;[4 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales in 1940 — Con. 



Name of intermediate 



& 



2-Naphthol-3,6 disulfonle acid 

2-Naphthol-6, 8-disulfonic acid 

Naphthsulfochloride 

l-Naphthol-4-snlfonic acid (Nevile 
Winther's acid). 

l-Naphthol-5-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthol-8-sulfonic acid 

2-Naphthol sulfonic acid 

2-Naphthol-6-sulfonic acid (Schaeffer's 
acid). 

2-Naphthol-7-STJlfonic acid 

2-Naphthol-8-siilfonic acid 

1,8-Naphthosultone 

l,8-Naphfhosultone-3,6-disulfonic acid 

l,8-Naphthosultone-3-sulfonic acid 

a-Naphthylamine 

(S-Naphthylamine 

a-Naphth\iamine disulfonic acid 

l-Naphthvlamino-3.8-disulfonic acid 

l-Xaphthvlamine-4, 7-disulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-4, 8-disulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine,3, 6-disulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylaraine-4, 8-disuKonic acid 

2-NaiihthvIamine-5, 7-disulfonic acid 

2-Naphth vlamine-fi. 8-disulfonic acid 

l-Naphthy!amine-2-sulfonic acid (o-naph- 

thionic acid) . 
l-Naphthylamine-4-sulfonic acid (naph- 

thionic acid). 
l-Naphthylamine-5- sulfonic acid 
(Laurent's acid). 

1-N aph th y lam ine-fi-sulf onic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-6 and 7-sulfonic acid 
(Clevo's acid). 

l-NaphthyIamine-7-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-8-sulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-l-sulfonic acid (Tobias 
acid). 

2-Naphthylamine-.'i-sulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-G-sulfonic acid (Broen- 
ner's acid). 

2-Naphthvlamine-8-sulfonic acid. 

l-Naphthvlaraino-3,R,8-trisulfonic acid_.- 
2-Naphthylamine-2,3,6-trisulfonic acid — 
l-Naphthylamino-2-carboxylic acid an- 
thraquinone. 

m-Nitroacetanilide 

p-Nitroacetanilide 

Nitroaminodiphenylamine sulfonic acid- 

Nitroarainopheno! 

p-Nitro-o-aminophenol 

6-Nitro-2-aminoDhenol-4-sulfonic acid 

4-Nitro-4-amino-2-sulfodiphenylamine . _. 

5-Nitro-2-aminotoluene 

o-Nitroaniline 

m-Nitroaniline 

p-Nitroaniline 

p-Nitroaniline sulfonic acid 

3-N itro-4-anisid ine (3-N i tro-4-amiiioani- 

sole) . 
4-Nitro-2-anisidine (4-nitro-2-aminoani- 

sole) . 
.')-Nitro-2-anisidine (5-nitro-2-aminoani- 
sole) . 

o-Nitroanisole 

p-Nitroanisole 

1-N itroanthraqu inone-2-carbonic-acid - . . 

Nitrobenzene 

Nitrobenzene-2,5-disulfonic acid 

Nitrobenzene sulfonic acid 

m-Nitrobenzoic acid 

p-Nitrobenzoic aci.l 

m-Nitrobcnzoyl eiiloride 

p-Nitrobeii/.oyl chloride..- 

m-Nitrobciizoyl ,1 acid 

p-Niti(il)cnz(i.\l J acid 

m-N'itr<itn'n/ lyl sulfonic acid 

Nitroboiizyl ether 



Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list 
on p. 61) 



45, 62, 87, 150, X. 
45,62,87,150 



45,62,150--- 

45, 62, 87, 150. 
87 



Produc- 
tion 



Sales 



Pounds 

553, 200 
1, 370, 964 



62 

8,45,62,87,150- 



45,62, X. 
45 



87 

45 

87 

62, 87, 150- 
62, 150 



62 

45, 62, 87, 150- 
150 

62, 150- 
45, 



150 



45, 62, 87, 150- 
45,62,87,150- 
6,45,62,150- 
62 



6,45,62, 150, X- 
8, 45, 62, 87, 150. 
62,150 



231, 165 
117,818 



198, 922 



Quantity 



Value 



Pounds 
169, 445 



20, 918 



102, 096 



227, 186 
1,477,269 
1, 982, 909 



8, 45, 62, 87, 150- 



167, 444 



18, 857 



580, 666 



$87, 192 



12, 570 



143, 637 



Unit 
value 



$0. 51 



.60 



45,62,150 

8,45,62,87,150— 
8,45,62, 105, X,X. 



87 

45, 150. 



87,150 

45. 62, 87, 150- 
150 



87 

45,87 

6,87 

8, 45, 1.50. 
6,62,87.- 

87 

150 

172- 
149- 



150, 887 

353. 836 

1, 879, 169 



4, 740, 909 



937, 068 



501,488 



93, 986 



8, 45, 62, 87, 150, 237. 

6,149,150,240 

8,45,62.87 

62,87,105,150 



6, 62, 87, 150- 



62, 87. 



62. 149- 

62. 150- 
87. 



79, 770 
49, 355 



109, 987 



143, 812 



8, 62, 87, 1.50, 151 69, 105, 449 

45 

45,62,87,139,150 477,563 

62 



62 

62,108.-- 
62, 108, X. 

87 

62, 87, 172. 

6 

172 



87, 098 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 15 

Table 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales in 1940 — Con. 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list 
on p. 61) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 




172 


Pounds 


Pounds 






6 62, 149 












62,149 










p-Xitrochlorobenzene 


6, 62, 149 












45 




' 








150 












6,45,62,87,150 

87 - - 


318, 399 
















Nitro-p-chlorotoluene 


6 












150 












1,62 












45 _ . . 












62 










8-Nitro-]-diaz()-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid- 


87 150 










45 150 237 












87 












172 . 












1 .. . 










l-Nitro-2-methylanthraquinone 

Nitronaphthalene 


87 










62 87 150 










2-Nitroiiaphthalene-4,8-disulfonic acid 

l-Nitronaphthalene-8-sulfonic acid 


45 87 










87 












87 










o-Nitrophenetol 


62 










o-NitrophenoI 


62, 237, X 


90,827 








p-Nitrophenol 


8,62,149,237 








Nitrophenvlenediamine 


87 










Nitropyrazolone 


172 










Nitrosodiethvlaniline 


87,150 . 










Nitrosodimethylaniline 


6 65 










Nitrosoethvlbenzylaniline 


87 










4-Nitroso-hydroxy-ethylethylaniline 

Nitroso-0-naplUhol 


87 










78 X 










Nitrosophenol 


8,20,45,62,87, 150.__. 
8.62,150 


328, 143 








Nitrotoluene 








o-Nitrotoluene 


62,150 










m-Nitrotoluene 


62 - 










p-Nitrotoluene 


62,150 












87 










2-Nitrotoluene-4-suIfo-dimethylamiiie 

o-NitrotoIuene sulfonic acid 


87 










6,45,87 










p-Nitrotoluene-o-suIfonic acid 


45,62,87,150 


1, 182, 521 








Nitrotoluidine 


1 








m-Nitro-p-toluidine 

p-Nitro-o-toluidine 


8, 62, 87, 105, 150, X,X 
62 


763, 361 


740,261 


$737, 766 


$1.00 


5-Nitro-2-toluidine 


172 










Nitrotoluidine sulfone 


172 - -- 










Nitroxylene 


45 62, 150 


560, 237 










87 








Oxalyl-p-nitroaniline 


62 












62 150 172 










Oxalvl-p-phenylenediamine 


62,87 - -- 












150 










Penta anthramide 


62,87,150 - - --- 


108, 805 








Pentachlorobenzene 


108 








Pentachlorophenol and sodium salt 


60 149 










o-Phenefidine 


62 149 










p-Phenetidine 


62 149 222 X 










Phenol: 

Natural. 


8,22, 127, 187, 188, X._ 
22 60 149, X 


23, 967, 560 
72, 187, 520 


23,625,053 


2, 150, 551 


.09 


Synthetic 




Phenol sulfonic acid 


X - - - 








Phenyl acetic acid and ester 


X 










Phenyl-2-aniino-5-naphthol-7-sulfonicacid 

(phenyl J acid). 
Phenyl-2-amino-8-naphthol-6-sulfonicacid 

(phenyl gamma acid). 
p-Phenylammonium naphtholate 


6,45,62,87,150,172.^. 

6,45,62,150,172 

X 


137, 137 
51, 389 




















6, 8, 45, 62, 87, 150, 

179. 
8, 150,237, 240 


822, 604 








p-Phenylenediamine 










45 62, 87 


65, 532 










45 87 










62 










Phenyl ethanolamine 


37 










Pheny lethyl malonic diethyl ester 

Phenylgylcine, sodium salt 


1,25, X 

60,62, 150 


319, 537 
4,195,886 















16 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales in 1940 — Con. 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list 
on p. 61) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Phenylhiydrazine and hydrocliloride 


60,69, 78,87 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Phenylliydrazine sulfonic acid . . . 


172 . - 










Phenylliydrazine-2-sulfonic acid 


87. 










Plaeny Ihy rdazine-3-sulf()nic acid 


87 










Phenylhydrazine-4-sulfonic acid 


87,172,219.. 










Phenylmetliylpyrazolone 


8, 60, 62, 172, X. .. 










l-PlienyI-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone (devel- 


6,62, 172 










oper Z). 
Phenylmethylpyrazolone-3-sulfonic acid. . 


87 










PhenylnietIiylpyrazoIone-4-suIfonieacid.. 


87 










Phenyl-l-naphthvlamine-8-sulfonic acid _ 


8,45, 62,87, 150 

62, X 


255, 423 








Phtlialamide ._. . ... .. 








Phthalic acid and anhydride. -- .. . 


7, 22, 62, 149, 150, 186. 
62 .. 


57, 946, 415 


28,346,067 


$3,899,151 


$0.14 


PhthaloiJitrile 




Phthalyl ciiloride 


149. 










a-Picoline 


22 . 










Picoline (beta, gamma) 


22 










Picramic acid and salt _ 


8,62. 150. 

62, 108, 149 


112,656 
82, 564 


83, 951 


54, 725 


.65 


Piperidine . 




Primuline, base... 


45,87, 150 








Primuline sulfonic acid . 


87, 167 










Propiophenoiie . 


X 










Pyrazol anthrone . . . 


62, 87 










Pyrazolone 


6 - 










Pyrazolone T 


6 










Pyridine, refined 


22, 87, 187 










■Quinaldine (see 2-Methyl quinoline). 
Quinaldine yellow, base . 


150. 










Quinizarin sulfonic acid 


6 . 










Quinoline 


22 ... 










Quinolinic acid 


X . . 










Red KB, base . 


62,87 










Rpsoccinol, tech 


62, 154, X 










/3-Resorcylic acid 


X 










Rhoduline acid (see 5,5'-Dihydroxy-7,7'- 

disulfonic-2,2'-dinaphthylamine). 
Salicylic acid, tech.. 


60,62 










Salicylic anilide (Shirlan) 


62 










SchaelTer's acid (see 2-Naphthol-6-sul- 

fonicacid). 
Silver salt (see Anthraquinone-2-sodium 

sulfonate). 
Sodium naphthionate 


62 










Sodium oxyethane sulfonate.- -_. . 


87 - - 










Sodium pentaehlorophenate. . 


60 










Sodium succinate 


137 










Sodium tetrachlorophenate 


60 










Sodium trichlorophenate 


60 










Sodium xylene sulfonate 


149 










Succinic acid and anhydride 


150, X 










Sulfanilic acid and salt 


6,8,45,78,150,237-... 
62 


1,941,126 








o-Sulfobenzaldehyde 








p-Sulfo-o-benzoyl benzoic acid (sulfo BB 

acid). 
l-Sulfo-S-nitroanthraquinone 


62 










62 










Sulfophenvlmethvlpyrazolone 


45, 62, 87, 172 


20,417 








Tetraaminoditolylmethane 


150 








1,4,5,8-Tetrachloroanthraquinone 


62,87,150 


34, 419 








Tetrachlorobenzene . 


60 








Tetraethyldiaminobenzhydrol 


87, 139 










Tetraethy Idiaminobenzophenone (ethyl 


62, 65, 105, 150 










ketone) . 
Tetraethyldiaminodiphenvlmethane 


8, 139 










Tetramethyldiaminobenzhydrol (Mich- 


62,139 










ler's hydrol). 
Tetramethy Idiaminobenzophenone 

(Michler's ketone). 


62, 65, 87, 105 


131,653 
716, 714 








62,65,139,150 

150 








Tetramethyldiaminodiphenylmethane 








sulfonate. 
Thioaniline 


8, 150 












150 












87 










Thiogly collie acid. 


172 










Tolazine, base 


45, 150 










Tolidine and salts ...... 


45,62, 150 


353, 709 
19, 849 








Tolidine disulfonie acid 


6,45,87,172. ---. 

149 
















p-Toluene sulfamide 


149— 




::::;::::::r::::::::: 





SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 17 

'Table 7. — Coal-tar intermediates: United States production and sales in 1940 — Con. 





Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers 
(according to list 
on p. 61) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of intermediate 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


•p-Tolucne sulfoehloride 


149.x 


Pounds 


Pounds 






p-Tolueue sulfonic acid 


149,X 










p-Toluene sulfonic acid ethyl ester 


237 










Toluidine _. . 


8 










o-Toluidine -.- . - 


8,62,150 










m-Toluidine 


62 










p-ToIuidine 


62,150 . . . 










o-Toluidine omega methane sulfonic acid. . 


6 










«-Toluidino omesa sulfonic acid, . . 


150 










4-To)uidine-2-sulfanilid . . 


87 










Toluidine sulfoehloride- - - ... 


172 










2-Toluidine-4-sulfo-dimcthylamine _. 


87 










o-Toluidine sulfonic acid . _. 


8,150 










o-Toluidine-m-sulfonicacid . 


62,172 










p-Toluidine sulfonic acid__. . 


62,87,150 










3-Toluidine-6-sulfonic acid 


87 










p-Tolyl-o-benzoic acid 


8,62,87,150 

8,45,62,87,150 

8 . 


502, 276 
1, 081, 595 








m-Tolylenediamine 

p-Tolylenediaminc 


332,214 


$222, 760 


$0.67 


p-Tolvlenedianiine sulfate 


8 . 










m-Tolvlenediamine sulfonic acid 


62,150 










2,6-Tolylenediamine-4-sulfonic acid — 


87 . -. - 










Tolyl-l-naphthvlamine-8-sulfonic acid 


8,62,87,150 


44, 139 








f (tolyl peri acid). 
Trialkylphenvl phosphite 


149 








Tribromophenol 


60 . - 










Trichlorobenzene 


60, 108, 149 . 


2,498,791 


2,618,291 


171,828 


.07 


TricMorophenovy ethoxy ethyl chloride 


60 . 






62,150 










2,4,6-Trinitroresorcin (styphnic acid) 


X . 










87 












22, 60, X 












87 -- 










m-Xvlene 


62, X 










Xylcnols 


8, 22, 187, 188 












45,62,150 












6,62,150 












6,150 










m-Xylidine sulfonic acid- 


6,62,150 










Xylidine.ortho and para 

Xylvl disulfide 


6, 8, 150 










108 










Other intermediates 


1, 62, X, X 






















Total intermediates: 

For which individual statistics 


474, 599, 293 
331, 207, 606 


175, 003, 450 
140, 963, 988 


18, 676, 547 
27,751,672 


.11 


are shown. 
For which individual statistics 




.20 


cannot be shown. 






Grand total .. . . 


805, 806, 899 


315, 967, 438 


46, 428, 219 


.15 













COAL-TAR DYES 

Production of coal-tar dves in 1940 was 127,834,000 pounds, and 
sales were 122,677,000 pounds valued at $76,432,000, or 62 cents per 
pound. An increase of 96 percent in exports of coal-tar products un- 
doubtedly contributed to the improvement in sales. Tlie output of 
classified dyes amounted to 104,539,000 pounds, or 82 percent of the 
total. 

Production and sales of coal-tar dyes by classes of application dur- 
ing 1939 and 1940 and average annual statistics for the period 1934-38 
are shown in table 8 ; production and sales by types are shown in table 9. 

A comparison of production and sales of dyes by classes of applica- 
tion in 1940 and 1939 indicates only small changes. Direct dyes, the 
largest single group, in 1940 accounted for 25.8 percent of the total 
quantity produced. Sulfur dyes accounted for 16.9 percent; vat dyes 



18 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COJNIMISSION 



other than indigo, 14.8 percent; and acid dyes, 13.5 percent. No other 
single class accounted for more than 9 percent. Indigo dyes in 1940 
comprise a smaller portion of the total dye production than formerly. 
■ Food, drug, and cosmetic dyes, amounting to 559,057 pounds in 
1940, were classified separately in that year for the first time. 

The average value of all dyes increased from 61 cents in 1939 to 62 
cents per pound in 1940. 

Table 8. — Com-parison of United States production and sales of dyes, by classes of 
application, average 1934-38, annually 1939 and 1940 





Production 


Class of application 


Quantity (1,000 pounds) 


Percent of total 




1934-38 
average 


1939 


1940 


1934-38 
average 


1939 


1940 


Acetate silk - - 


1,961 
13, 849 
1 1,077 

5,149 
25, 780 

2,765 

5,262 
16, 619 
29, 234 
15, 378 
13, 856 
831 


2,585 

17, 700 
3,318 
6,415 

31, 438 
3,305 
5,237 

18, 651 
30, 035 
12,475 
17, 560 

1,506 


2,548 

17, 179 

3,*" 29 

6,926 

32, 8' 3 

3,883 

6,957 

21, 561 

30, 076 

11.133 

18, 943 

2,212 


1.9 
13.5 
1.1 
5.0 
25.1 
2.7 
5.1 
16.2 


2.2 
14.7 
2.8 
5.3 
26.2 
2.7 
4.4 
15.5 


2.0 


Acid - - 


13.5 




2.8 




5.4 


Direct 


25.8 




3.0 




5.4 


Sulfur - 


16.9 


Vat total 






15.0 

13.5 

.9 


10.4 

14.6 

1.2 


8.7 


(6) other .- ■_ 


14.8 




1.7 






Total 


102, 527 


120, 190 


127, 834 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 








Sales 


Class of applicati n 


Quantity (1,000 pounds) 


Percent of total 




1934-38 
average 


1939 


1940 


1934-38 
average 


1939 


1940 


Acetate silk . 


1,716 

13, 501 

1996 

4,878 

25, 261 

2,612 

5,080 

17, 070 

29, 204 

15,510 

13, 694 

819 


2,402 

17,063 

3,145 

5,976 

30, 421 

3,278 

5,325 

17,311 

28, 135 

11,949 

16, 186 

1,438 


2,481 

15, 937 

3,533 

6,235 

30, 626 

3,538 

6,230 

21,016 

31,038 

12, 009 

19, 029 

2,043 


1.7 

13.4 

1.0 

4.8 

25.0 

2.6 

5.0 

16.9 


2.1 
14.9 
2.7 
5.2 
26.6 
2.9 
4.7 
15.1 


2.0 




13.0 




2.9 


Basic 


5.1 


Direct --- 


25.0 




2.8 


Mordant and chrome 


5.1 


Sulfur -- - 


17.1 


Vat total 






15.3 
13.5 

.8 


10.4 

14.1 

1.3 


9.8 


(6) Other 


15.5 


Unclassified 


1.7 






Total 


101, 137 


114,494 


122, 677 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 








Value (1,000 dollars) 


Percent of to 


tal 


Acetate silk . 


1,934 

10, 509 

1 1,664 

4,421 

13, 685 

1, 794 

2,481 

3,880 

14, 107 

2,609 

11,498 

752 


2,211 
13,296 

4,708 
5, 593 

16, 649 
2,298 
2,665 
4,657 

16, 789 
1,843 

14, 946 
1,358 


2,293 

13, 072 

5,164 

5,707 

17, 198 

2,675 

3,286 

5,348 

19,810 

1,880 

17,930 

1,879 


3.5 
19.0 
3.0 
8.0 
24.8 
3.3 
4.5 
7.0 


3.2 
18.9 
6.7 
8.0 
23.7 
3.3 
3.8 
6.6 


3.0 


Acid 


17.1 




6.7 




7.5 


Direct . 


22.5 




3.5 




4.3 


Sulfur 


7.0 


Vat total 






4.7 

20.8 

1.4 


2.6 

21.3 

1.9 


2.5 


(6) Other 


23.4 




2.5 


Total -'- 


55, 227 


70, 224 


76, 432 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 







1 2-year average. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



19 



Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, in 1940 

[The numbers in the third column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on page 
61. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number 
with the designated product. Blanks in the fourth, fifth, and sixth columns indicate that the statistics 
of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information with regard to individual firms. 
The figures thus concealed, however, are included in the total.] 



Name of dye 



Classified Dyes 



NITROSO DYES 



Fast printing green 

Naphthol green 

NITRO DYES 

Naphthol yellow S .__ 

Amido yellow E 

AZO DYES 

Monoazo dyes 

Acid yellow G 

Spirit yellow R_ 

Butter yellow 

Chrysoidine Y 

Chrysoidine R _ 

Oil orange 

Sudani 

Croceine orange 

Orange G 

Chromotrope 2R 

Fast acid fuchsine B 

Amido naphthol red O 

Brilliant sulphon red B__. 

Chrome yellow 2G 

Chrome yellow R 

Mordant yellow 4G 

Victoria violet ..- 

Lanafuchsine 

Chromotrope 6B 

Amido naphthol red 6B... 

Toluidine red RL 

Sudan II 

Ponceau 2R-.. 

Double ponceau R 

Bordeaux B 

Chromotrope 10B_. 

Chrome brown R 

Palatine chrome green G.. 

Chromate brown B 

Acid chrome brown R 

Chrome flavine G 

Oil scarlet 

Azo cosine Q 

Eosamine G 

Chrome yellow 5G 

Direct pink E2GN 

Direct pink 

Direct pink EBN 

Metanil yellow 

Methyl orange 

Azo flavine 2R 

Azo yellow 

Resorcin yellow 

Orange II 

Orange R.- 

Lake red 4B 

Lake red C 

Acid chrome brown B 

Acid chrome garnet R 

Chrome violet R 

Chrome black PV 

Acid alizarin black R 

Acid brown R 

416161—41 4 



Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according to 
list on p. 61) 



8,45. 

87... 



6,8, 87 

6, 8, 55, 80, 87, 150. 
6, 8, 55, 62, 80, 87, 

150. 
8, 55, 87, 150, 154_. 

8,87, 150, 154 

55 



6,8,55,62,87,150.. 

45, 150 

8, 45, 62, 87, 150_... 

150 

6, 150 

6, 8, 45, 55, 62, 87, 
150. 

247 

6, 8, 45, 87 

6,8,45,87 

6,45,87, 150 

8, 45, 62, 87, 150—. 
X 



45, 150 

6,8,45,62,87,150-. 

209 

6,8,55,80,87,150- 
8, 45, 62, 87, 150, 

154. 

62,87 

8,45,87, 150 

62 

45,87. 

87 

8,41, 179 

62 

41,87 

80 

62,87 

62 

45 

62 

87, 150 

62 

6,45,62,87,150---. 

62 

87 

6,87, 150 

8,87, 150 

8, 45, 87, 105, 150, 

154. 

8,45,62, 150 

45, 62, 150 



150 

45, 87, 150. 

45, 150 

87, 150 

87 

87 



Produc- 
tion 



Pounds 



69, 389 



420, 740 
109. 188 



313, 353 
' 154,576 



402, 771 



224, 119 

67,418 
265, 580 
87, 592 



306, 291 



413, 986 
'140,' 986 



1, 743, 652 
226, 739 



Sales 



Quantity 



Pounds 



58, 883 



397, 110 
142,512 



295, 383 
'i82,'936 



394, 638 



167, 127 
73, 065 

214, 556 
88, 667 



294, 247 



370, 509 

'iio.'gig 



541, 693 



47, 098 

'i,'544,'248 

223, 881 



Value 



$47, 754 



144, 581 
46, 810 



138, 312 
"80,'3i7 



131, 687 



79, 489 
38, 803 
93, 448 
58, 340 



128, 351 



152, 685 
"so,' 840 



298, 569 



27, 853 

'4i5,'400 

65, 100 



59, 099 



Unit 
value 



$0.81 



.33 



.55 



20 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, in 1940 — 

Continued 



Name of dye 



Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according to 
list on p. 61) 



Produc- 
tion 



Sales 



Quantity 



^'■alue 



Classified i)j^e«— Continued 

Azo DYES— continued 
Monoazo dyes— Continued 



Fast red A 

Azo rubine 

Fast red VR 

Croceine scarlet 3BX. 
Amaranth 

Cochineal red 

Lake red R --- 

Mordant yellow 

Chrome yellow RN... 
Chrome blue black B_ 
Chrome blue black U . 

Chrome black T 

Chrome black A 

Fast acid blue R 

Fast acid blue B 

Lake red D 

Chrome red B 

Eriochrome flavine A. 
Direct pink R 



Disazo dyes 



Resorcin brown B . 



Resorcin dark brown. 



Acid chrome brown O. 
Acid black lOB -.. 



Acid dark green A.. 

Cloth red R 

Brilliant croceine 

Cloth red 3G 

Sudan IV 

Cloth red 2B 

Neutral gray G 

Milling orange Q 

Cloth scarlet G 

Direct fast red 8BL. 



Scarlet EC. 

Fast cyanine G 

Fast cyanine 5R 

Naphthalene acid black 4B 

Acid black B.. 

Chrome black F 

Chrome blue green B 

Fast acid black N2B 

Fast acid black F... 

Fast cyanine black B 

Naphthylamine black D 

Developed blue NA 

Developed blue B 

Direct fast heliotrope 2B 

Developed brilliant orange GR. 

Diamine brilliant violet B. 

Direct fast scarlet 

Direct fast scarlet 4BS 

Bismarck brown 

Bismarck brown 2R 

Acid chrome black F 

Chrome, fast yellow C 

MillingredG 

Direct fast yellow 5GL 

Benzo fast yellow 4QL 

Para fast brown GR 

Direct fast pink 2BL 

Paper yellow , 

Chrysophenine O 

Congo red ^ 

Congo corinth Q 



8, 45, 62, 87, 150. 
6, 45, 62, 87, 150. 
8,45,87,150..-- 

45 

6,45,150 

8,45,87,150.--. 

209 

45,87,150 

6,45,150 

45,87,150 

45,62.87,150-- 

45,87,150 

45,87,150.179.. 
8,62,87,150.--- 

62,87,150 

209 

8, 45, 62, 87, 150. 
62,87, 150, X._. 
62,167. 



Pounds 
219,818 
164, 689 
127,612 



Pounds 
186, 893 
160, 624 
121,570 



$92, 523 
82, 952 
60,234 



111,691 



96, 200 



46, 349 



39, 567 



16, 474 



1, 300, 780 



95, 423 
136, 338 
27, 484 



1, 170, 438 

652, 849 

96, 918 

120, 086 

25, 122 



330, 117 

219,316 

41,237 

63, 258 

16, 433 



65, 325 
137, 394 



71,642 



37, 598 



6, 8, 45, 02, 87, 150, 

247. 
6, 8, 45, 55, 87, 150. 

247 
62 



352,031 
84, 143 



373, 629 
85, 625 



200, 722 
59, 529 



6,8,45,62,87,150, 
247. 

45,55,62 

45 



1, 545, 924 



1, 457, 329 



570, 865 



8,4,5,62,87,150 

8,62 

45, 55, 62, 80, 87, 150 

6,45,87,150.. 

41,62 

6,8,45,87 

6,8,45,217 

6, 8, 28, 41, 62, 87, 
150, 172, 247. 

6,87,150... 

8,41,45,87,150 

8,62,87,150 

87 



448, 123 



375, 594 



314, 649 



87, 002 



81, 332 



47, 671 



36, 416 



190, 322 



58, 474 
478, 128 



32, 856 

2,350 

154, 735 

13, 519 

71,672 

532, 058 



15, 599 

2,083 

317,961 

12, 198 

44, 631 

320, 040 



150. 

45. 62, 87, 150- 

8,62 

45,62,87 

87 



171,949 



179, 480 



87, 489 



8, 41, 62, 87, 150. 



133, 998 



105, 517 



45,62,87,150.... 

45.62,87,150 

62,87 

41,62,87,172.... 

6,87 

6,41,45,62,87,150.. 

45 -- 

8,62,87,150 

8,45,62,87,150- 
87 



837,016 



750, 036 



770, 455 



89, 466 
807, 834 



109,811 
794, 687 



42. 647 
300, 635 



41 

8. 62, 87- 
28,41.-- 

87 



82, 261 



83, 559 



124, 222 



8.62,87,150.- 

8,62,87,1.50 

62,87.150 

8,62,150 

6, 8, 45, 62, 87, 150, 
247. 



21. 682 
222, 058 



30. 178 
206, 690 



56, 059 
155, 983 



363, 482 



386, 731 



259, 232 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



21 



Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, in 1940 — 

Continued 





Name of dye 


Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according to 
list on p. 61) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


D 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


376 


Classified Dj/e«— Continued 

AZO DYE3— continued 

Disazo dyes— Continued 


45,X ... 


Pounds 


Pounds 






377 




150 










382 




6,8,45,87,150,247.. 
45 


236, 926 


182, 358 


$163,911 


$0. 90 


385 






387 




45,62,150 










394 


Direct violet N 


6,8,45,62,87, 150.- _ 
6 


92, 604 


84, 878 


81, 271 


.96 


395 






401 


Developed black BHN 


6, 8, 28, 45, 62, 87, 

150, 247. 
150 


2, 741, 955 


2, 458, 443 


800, 747 


.33 


405 






406 


Direct blue 2B 


6, 8, 45, 55, 62, 87, 

150. 247. 
62 .... 


1, 464, 023 


1, 345, 330 


297, 364 


.22 


409 






410 




62 










411 




45, 150, 247 










415 


Direct oranse R . 


45,62,87,150 

6, 8, 28, 45, 62, 87, 

150, 247. 
6, 8, 45, 62, 87, 150, 

247. 
8,247 


121, 385 
420. 663 

506, 958 


115.0.35 
411,434 

496, 877 


43.010 
256, 058 

239, 835 


.37 


419 


Direct fast red F._. ... . . 


.62 


420 


Direct brown M _. 


.48 


423 






430 


Polarred G . 


41, 45, 62, 87, 150, 

247. 
62 


168, 785 


128, 656 


105, 302 


.82 


431 






436 


Direct brilliant red 8B 


45 










441 




87 










443 


Milling red 2Q 


6, 8, 45 










446 




6, 150 










448 




45,62,150 


840, 517 


816, 354 


432, 736 


.53 


464 


Direct blue R 


62 




468 


Direct mauve B 


150 










471 


Direct blue 3R 


45, 150 










472 


Direct blue BX 


45,62,150 


33, 660 
215,038 


21, 549 
195, 589 


7,461 
50, 596 


.35 


477 


Direct blue 3B 


45,55,62,150 

6,45, 150 


.26 


478 






487 


Acid milling red B . ... 


6,8,41,45,87, 172. _. 

45,62,150,247 

6, 45, 62, 87, 150, 247_ 
62 


61,321 

24, 988 
200, 194 


49, 557 
23. 740 
187, 079 


40, 615 
20, 907 
104, 830 


.82 


495 


Benzopurpurine lOB .. 


.88 


502 


Direct azurine G _.. 


.56 


508 






512 


Direct blue RW 


6.28,45,62,87,150.- 
150 


161, 936 


136, 973 


105, 510 


.77 


515 






516 




87... 










518 


Direct pure blue 6B ... 


6,28,45.62,87,150-. 

8,28.45,62,87,150-. 
6.62 


685, 805 
100, 499 


665, 938 
104, 889 


514, 309 
49, 396 


.77 


520 


Trisazo dyes 
Direct pure blue 


.47 


533 


Direct fast blue FR 




534 




87 










539 


Direct fast black FF 


8,45,62,87,150 

87 


263, 667 


302, 408 


146, 946 


.49 


544 


Pluto black 5BS 




552 


Diazo black RS 


62, 150 










561 


Direct brown BT 


6, 28, 62, 87, 150, 

172, 247, X. 
45 


214, 704 


189, 045 


227, 115 


1.20' 


567 


Direct fast blue R 




576 


Direct fast blue B 


45, 62, 150 










581 


Direct black EW 


8,45,62,87,150,247- 
8,45,62,87,150,247- 
6, 8, 45, 62, 87, 150, 

247. 
8, 45, 62, 87, 150, 247- 
62 


8, 482. 298 
603, 441 
229, 345 


8, 016. 991 
688, 426 
164, 584 

107, 157 


2, 057, 738 
197, 823 
57, 225 

31, 771 


.26 


582 


Direct black RX_ 


.29 


583 


Direct green ET . . 


.35 


589 


Chloramine green B 


.30 


590 


Direct steel blue G 

Direct green B 






593 


6, 8. 45, 62, 87, 150, 

179, 247. 
8,45,62,150,247-.-- 

87 


607, 597 
104, 438 


634, 914 
112, 768 


225, 140 
45, 950 


.35 


594 
595 


Direct green G 


.41 


596 


Direct brown 3G0 


6, 8, 45, 62, 87, 150, 

247. 
6, 45, 62, 87, 150, 167. 
62 


923, 399 
124, 585 


905, 417 
133, 871 


299, 543 
63, 084 


.33 


598 


Congo brown G . . . . 


.47 


601 


Congo brown R 





22 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 9. 



-Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, in 1940 — 
Continued 





Name of dye 


Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (accordinc to 
list on p. 61) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


5 X 

O O) 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


606 


Classified Dyes— Continued 

Azo DYES— continued 

Tetrakisazo dyes 

Direct brown G 


8,87,247 


Pounds 
13, 056 


Pounds 
16, 214 


$13. 806 


$0 85 




Total classified azo dyes . 








40, 386, 642 
15,314,635 


37, 669, 619 
14, 160, 408 


16, 945, 254 
15, 413, 389 


45 




Total unclassified azo dyes . 




1 09 




Total azo dyes.-- 








55, 701, 277 


51,830,027 


32, 358, 643 


62 




STILBENE DYES 

Direct yellow R . 


8,45,62,87,150 

8,45,62,87,150 

8,62,87 




6?n 


434, 538 
130, 862 


423, 0% 
146, 727 


192. 951 
97, 622 


46 


621 
622 


Chloraminp orange Q 

Stilbene yellow . _-. 


.67 


628 


Diphenyl catechine G 


150 










631 


Direct chrysoine G 

Total stilbene dyes i 


45 
























1, 017, 379 


1, 025, 773 


676, 239 


.66 




PYRAZOLONE DYES 

Fast light yellow 2G 


62,87,150,172 




636 










639 


Fast light yellow _ - -- 


6, 41, 45, 62, 87, 150, 

172. 
6, 8, 28, 87, 105, 150, 

172. 
87..._ ..- 


335, 576 
573, 785 


252, 502 
551,311 


225, 110 
362, 513 


89 


640 


Tartrazine, .-- .- 


.66 


647 


Dianil yellow 3G 




651 


Pigment fast yellow G-__ 

Chrome red B. ._ -. _ . 


87 










652 


8, 41, 45, 62, 87, 150 . 
6,160,172 


156, 543 
20, 657 


140, 942 
20, 103 


122, 586 
24, 653 


.87 


653 


Pyrazol orange G 

Developed fast yellow 2Q 


1.23 


654 


62 






Total pyrazolone dyes ' .. 














1, 218, 593 


1, 086, 377 


906, 185 


.83 




KETONIMINE DYES 

Auramine 

TRIPHENYLMETHANE AND DIPHENYL- 
NAPIITHYLMETHANE DYES 

Malachite green 

Rhoduline blue 60 


8,62,139,150 

8,65,139,150 

6.5,87,105,150- 

8,65,139 




655 

657 

658 


1, 122, 294 

351, 808 
10, 235 


1, 108, 724 
317, 770 


899, 501 
346, 834 


.81 
1.09 


66? 


Brilliant green 

Setocyanine- 

Acid green B 

Fast acid green B 

Acid light green 

Acid glaucine blue 

Para fuchsine -- 


77, 112 


106, 973 


1.39 


663 


87 






666 
667 


8,45,62,87,150 

8, 87, 150 - 


87, 915 
28, 523 


85, 965 
34, 840 


61,006 
77, 573 


.71 
2.23 


670 


62,87 .-- 




671 


62,87,105,150 

8, 154, X 


478, 568 








676 








677 


Magenta 

Methyl violet and base 


8,45, 154, X 










680 


8, 62, 65, 87, 107, 150, 

X. 
62, 65, 87, 105, 150 - - 


1, 321, 677 


1,097,669 


680, 927 


.62 


681 


Crystal violet 

Ethyl violet 




682 


62,87 










689 


Spirit blue 2B. 

Fast green bluish 


87 










6P1 


6 










696 


Fast acid violet lOB . 


62, 139 










698 
699 


Acid violet 

Acid fast violet BG - 


8,41,45,62,87,150-. 
150 


243, 019 


231,153 


217, 173 


.94 


703 


Alkali blue 6B 

Methyl blue 

Mothvl cotton blue 


87, 154 










705 


154 -- 










706 


8,154 










707 


Soluble blue 


8,87,X 




59, 186 


108, 579 


1.83 


712 


Patent blue 

Patent blue A. _ 


87,150 - . 






714 


8,87.150 

62,87, 150, X 

87, 150, X 

62 


97, 240 
153, 263 
23, 021 








720 


Eriochrome azurol B 


123, 469 


195, 178 


1.58 


722 


Eriochrome cyanine R. 




724 


Aurine 

Victoria blue R 








728 


62,87,105 




2,332 


4,956 


2.13 


729 


Victoria blue B 


62,87,105,150 







' Includes unclassiCed dyes of this group. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



23 



Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, in 1940 — 

Continued 



H 


Name of dye 


Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according to 
list on p. 61) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


•3 ■a 
O 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


735 


Classified Dj/es— Continued 

TKIPHENYLM ETHANE AND DIPHENYL- 
NAPHTHYLMETHANE DYES— COn. 

Naphthalene green V -.. .. 


62,139,150. 


Pounds 
95. 593 
139, 961 


Pounds 






737 




8,62,87 


148, 155 


$74, 102 


$0.50 




Total triphenylraethane and 
diphenylnaphthylmethane 
dyes.' 

XANTHENE DYES 

Rhodamine B --. 






4, 663, 540 


3, 943, 527 


4, 271, 972 


1 08 




62 




749 










749 


Rhodamine B cone 


62,139 










752 


Rhodamine 6G cone. -- _ - 


62,139 










758 


Fast acid violet A2R 


X ^ 










766 




8, 105, 154. X 

6,8, 105, 150, 154, X. 
8, 105, 117, 154, X__ 
8, 154 - 


4,315 

62, 143 

356, 168 


4,686 
50, 53& 


8,759 
70, 503 


I 87 


768 
768 


Eosino 

Tetrabromofluorescein (bromo acid). 
Erythrosine B . .- _ .. . 


1.39 


773 








774 


Phloxine B _.- 


151 










779 


Rose bengale B .- 


8, 154- 










788 


ACRIDINE DYES 

Acridine orange A 


87, 172 . 










793 




8,45,62,87,150,172. 
172 --- 


104, 127 


133, 475 


96, 194 


72 


794 


Phosphine 2Q . 




797 


Euchrysine - 


87, 172 










801 


QUIXOLINE DYES 

Quinoline yellow. . . 


62, 139, 150 










802 


Quinoline yellow KT ._ .. . 


139 












Total quinoline dyes 1 . . 














273, 675 


208, 729 


342, 038 


1 64 




THTAZOLE DYFS 

Primuline - -. -- -.- 


45,62, 150 




812 










813 


Direct pure yellow M_ 


62 . -— 










814 
815 


Direct fast yellow 

Thioflavine T . _- 


45, 62, 87, 150, 167.. 
62 _ 


398, 258 


335,046 


306, 778 


.92 


810 


Direct brilliant flavine S -. 


167 












Total thiazole dyes ' 














971, 631 


908, 010 


740, 929 


82 




AZINE DYES 

Woolfast blue GL .. 


87, 150, X 

8,62,87, 150 

62, 87 




833 


196, 508 
282, 035 


172, 068 
271, 354 


255, 559 
336, 546 


1 49 


841 




1 24 


853 


Acid cyanine BF 




860 


8, 87, 150 


75, 342 

41, 746 

1, 324, 849 

1,178,941 


79, 552 

36, 91 1 

1, 261, 519 

1, 200, 801 


27, 626 

24. 505 

355, 006 

436, 093 


.35 


861 


Induline (water-soluble) _ . 


8, 87, 150 


.66 


864 




8, 87, 150 . 


.28 


865 


Nigrosine (water-soluble) _ 


8,87, 150 - 


.36 


871 


ANILINE RLACK AND ALLIED DYES 

Diphenvl black base _- - 


S7 




873 


New fast gray 


8, 172 — - 










875 


Fur black . 


8, 87 










883 


OX.AZINE DYES 


8, 248 










909 


Cotton blue 


6,8,150 -. —1 61. 102J 68.054 


80, 679 


1.19 


913 


Nile blue BX 


87 





1— 





1 Includes unclassified dyes of this group. 



24 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States -production and sales, by types, in 1940- 

Continued 



H 


Name of dye 


Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according to 
list on p. 61) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 




Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


922 


Classified i)2/e«— Continued 

THIAZINE DYE3 

Methylene blue _ - - 


8, 62, 65, 87, 150—. 
8, 150 


Pounds 
542,232 


■Pounds 
489, 286 


$437, 130 


$0.89 


924 


Methylene green B . . ._ 


927 


New methylene blue -- _ - 


8 










'931 


Brilliant chrome blue 


87. - 










969 


SULFIDE DVE3 


62,87 


(2) 

(2) 

14, 633, 496 

2,469,214 

1,806,099 

969, 613 
623, 333 
251, 267 

76, 891 
239, 073 
491, 689 


(2) 

(2) 

14, 603, 084 

2, 346, 369 

1, 797, 812 

774, 303 
497, 950 
231, 039 

75, 270 
247, 028 
443, 340 


(2) 

(2) 

2, 499, 843 

1, 185, 120 

508, 274 

582, 111 
241,743 
68, 810 

21, 534 

72. 969 
167, 889 




971 




62,87 

8, 20, 62, 87, 150, 

212. 
8,20,45,62,87,112, 

150, 212. 
8, 20, 45, 56, 62, 87, 

112, 150, 212. 
8,20,62,87,112,150. 
8,20,62,87.150.--. 
8, 20. 56, 62, 87, 112, 

150. 212. 

45,62,87,150 

8,20,45,62,87, 112 . 
8,20,45,62,87,112, 

150, 212. 






Sulfur black - - 


.17 




Sulfur blue 


50 






.28 




Sulfur green - _ . .. 


75 






49 




Sulfur olive -- 


30 






.29 






30 




Sulfur yellow - - 


.38 




Total sulfide dyes 






21.560,675 


21.016,195 


5, 348, 323 


.25 


1027 


ANTIIRAQUINONE DYES 


8,87,150 










1034 




6,8,150 




46, 942 


74, 151 


1.58 


1035 




150,248 






1040 




150 - 










1043 




87 










1053 


Acid alizarin blue SE ... 


8,62, 87, 150, X._. 




50,086 


i05, 140 


2 10 


1054 


Acid alizarin blue B . 


8, 17, 41, 62, 87, 150, 

248, X. 
17. 






1060 


Anthracene blue SWGG 


634, 669 


607, 397 


916, 813 


1.51 


1062 


Anthracene blue WR ...... ._ .. 


41,87,150 










1063 


Anthracene blue WRS . 


17. 










1073 




17,62 










1075 




62,87 










1076 


Cyananthrol R 


62 










1078 




6,8,17,41,62,87,150 

248. 
17.62 . 


, 235, 364 


220, 503 


372, 409 


1.69 


1080 


Acid anthraquinonc violet B . 




1085 


Anthraquinone blue black B... . . 


6, 8, 41, 87, 150, 179, 

248. 
62 87,150 . .. 


423, 252 
47, 322 


353, 612 

48, 565 


517, 896 
155, 739 


1.46 


1088 


Acid anthraquinone blue B 


3 21 


1091 




87 






Total anthraquinone dyes ' 

ANTHRAQUINONE VAT DYES 
(SINGLE strength) 

Anthraquinone vat yellow GO (12'/'2 
percent). 

Anthraquinone vat golden orange G 
(12J'2 percent). 

Anthraquinonc vat golden orange R 
02? 2 percent). 

Anthracjuinone vat scarlet GS (16% 
jercent). 

Anthraquinone vat dark blue BO 
(25 percent). 

Anthraquinone vat jade green (6 per- 
cent). 

Anthraquinone vat green B and 
black B (1232 percent). 

Anthraquinone vat violet R (25 per- 
cent) . 

Anthraquinone vat violet 2R (12}^ 
percent). 

Anthraquinone vat violet B (25 per- 
cent). 


8,62,87 












3, 421, 174 


3, 191, 144 


3. 609. 253 


1.13 


1095 


696, 687 
320, 771 


711,550 
331, 634 


656, 219 
440, 630 


.92 


1096 
1097 


8,62,87,150... 

62, 150 


1.33 


1098 


8,87,150 ■- 










1099 
1101 


8,62,87,150,167.... 
62 .. 


265, 561 


253, 786 


288,874 


1.14 


1102 
1103 


8,62,87,150,167.... 
87 .. 


641, 657 


580, 293 


. 233,205 


.41 


1104 
1106 


6,62,87,150 

87 


286,555 


286,952 


462, 383 


1.61 















1 Includes unclassified dyes of this group. 

2 Totals not included under sulfide dyes. In dyes classified by method of application, this dye Is included 
with the vat dyes. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



25 



Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, in 1940 — 

Continued 



o <o 
O 


Name of dye 


Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (accordincr to 
list on p. 61) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


3106 


Classified Dyes— Continued 

ANTHRAQUINONE VAT DYES 

(single stkength)— continued 

Anthraquinone vat blue RS (10 per- 
cent). 

Anthraquinone vat blue 3G (10 per- 
cent). 

Anthraquinone vat blue QCD (83-^ 
percent). 

Anthraquinone vat blue BCS (20 
percent). 

Anthraquinone vat yellow G (12}-^ 
percent). 

Anthraquinone vat brown B (22 per- 
cent). 

Anthraquinone vat pinli R (123^ 
percent). 

Anthraquinone vat yellow R (12>2 
percent). 

Anthraquinone vat red FF, extra 
(123 2 percent). 

Anthraquinone vat brilliant violet 
R (1232 percent). 

Anthraquinone vat olive R (123^ per- 
cent). 

Anthraquinone vat brown R (123^2 
percent) . 

Anthraquinone vat brown G (1232 
percent). 

Anthraquinone vat red violet RRN 
(1232 percent). 

Anthraquinone vat red BN, extra 
(12>2 percent). 

Anthraquinone vat violet BN (25 
percent). 

Anthraquinone vat yellow R (123^^ 
percent). 

Anthraquinone vat blue green B 
(123/^ percent). 

INDIGOID AND THIOINDIGOID DYES 

Indigo, synthetic (20 percent) 

Indigo white (20 percent) 

Indigo extract -.- - . .-. 


8,62,87 


Pounds 


Pounds 






1109 


62 










1113 


62,87,150 


776, 181 

1, 359, 155 

253, 244 


841, 820 

1, 327, 088 

253, 868 


$479, 259 

1,411,191 

244, 212 


$0.57 

1.06 

96 


1114 
1118 


8,62,87,150 

62, 87, 150 . 


1120 


62,150 




11?^ 


87 










1132 


62 










1133 


62 










1135 


62 L 










1150 


62,87,150 










1151 


62,87,150 










1151^ 


62,150.. 










llfil 


62,87 










1162 


62,150 










1163 


62 










1170 


62,167 










1173 


167 










1177 


60, 62, 150. 


11, 133, 161 


12, 009, 307 


1, 880, 128 


.16 


1178 


150 




1180 


62,150 










1183 


Tribromindigo RB (20 percent) 

Bromindigo blue 2BD (16 percent)-.. 

Vat blue 5B (20 percent) 

Cibapink B (20 percent) 

Vat red B (1232 percent) 

Vat red 3B (20 percent) 


60.150 










1184 


60,87,150 










1180 


60 










1?07 


60 










1?\0 


87 










1212 


8,60.62.87,150 

8,62,87,144 

60 


261,305 
415, 700 


235, 563 
434, 698 


237, 823 
418, 751 


1.03 


1217 


Vat orange R (10 percent)... 


.96 


1?2S 


Vat fast scarlet G (20 percent) 

Vat red R (lO percent) 




3229 


60 












FOOD, DRUG, AND COSMETIC DYES 

Blue#l 


23,150,241 




6,950 


67, 980 


9.78 




Blue #2 


23,126,219 








Green #1, #2, #3 


23,150,241 












Orange #1 

Orange #2 


23, 126, 150, 219, 241. 
150 


97, 091 


87,542 


186, 900 


2.13 




Red #2 


23,126,150,219,241. 

23,126.150,219 

23,126,150,241 


145,474 
10, 740 


135, 257 
10,881 


320, 570 
158, 762 


2 37 




Red #3 

Red#l,#4 

Yellow #3, #4 


14.59 




66. 150 












Yellow )!i5 

Yellow #6 


23,126,150,219,241. 
23, 126, 150, 2X9, 241. 


114,923 
61,545 


109, 718 
60, 375 


270, 995 
138, 748 


2.47 
2 30 




Total food, drug, and cosmetic 
dyes 






559, 057 


518, 252 


1,535,602 


2.96 











26 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 9. — -Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, in 1940- 

Continued 



Name of dye 



Classified Dyes — Continued 

DRUG AND COSMETIC DYES 



Black #1 

Blue #1. #4. #6, #9 

Brown #1 . 

Gre('n#l,#5.#6.#7_. 

Orange #1, #3, #4, #5, #8, #10, #11, #14, 

#15 #17 
Red #1, #2, #3, #5, #7, #8, #9, #10, #11, 

#17, #18, #19, #20, #21, #22, #28, #29, 

#30, #33, #37. 

Violet #1, #2 

Yellow #1, #5, #6, #7, #8, #10, #11 



DRUG AND COSMETIC DYES, EXTERNAL 



Blue#l 

Green #1 

Red #1, #3, #8, #10, #11, #13. 
Yellow #1, #5 



Total classified dyes- 



Undassified Dyes 



Acetate silk dyes, total 

Black, AD, AS, AZ, B, BBN, 

BDN, BO, BOD, BNF. BNS, 

BZA,3B, DY,GFS,3G.3GNF, 

J, NAZ, NBZ, NS, NSJ, NZD, 

ONS, RB,III, IV, IVdbl.3 
Blue 2B. G, 2Q, GGN, OR, R, 

5RB, III, IV, XIII. 

Bordeaux 

Brilliant blue, B, 2G, R 

Brilliant orange G 

Brilliant red 

Brown BR, Y 

Direct blue S 

Direct orange R 

Direct red SB, YC 

Direct sapphire blue G 

Fast black B, BTN 

Fast blue AF, B, 3BFU, FFR__. 

Fast blue green B, BG 

Fast Bordeau.x B 

Fast brown 3R, 5R- 

Fast navv blue B, BR 

Fast pink B, FF3B 

Fast red, 20 

Fast red violet RN 

Fast rubine B, 3B 

Fast vollow G, GL, OR, 2R 

Green blue II 

llelidtrcipe I ---. 

Light orange FSI 

Navv blue B, BP cone, BX, R . 
Orange BL, OF cone, QFN, 

OR, JER, R, 2R, 3R, 4R, 

SRC, extra, I, II, III. 

Pink B, 3B, II 

Pure blue BR, BR cone, BR 

extra. 

Pure vello w I, II 

Red, "BR, 3B, DM, FSI, 20, 

NB, R, RP, Y, I, III, V, VI-X, 

VII, VIII. 

Red violet R 

Rubine B, O, IX 

Saphirole blue FFO _ 

Scarlet, B, BN, BS, CSB, III... 



Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according to 
list on p. 61) 



150.---. __. 
126,150.-.- 

150 

126, 150, X. 
126, 150, X. 



117, 126, 150, X. 



150, X._..- 
126, 150, X. 



150 

150 

150 

126, 150. 



6, 8, 4], 62, 80, 87, 
150, 247, X. 



6,62,87,150. 



6,8,62,174,248. 

41 

62 

62 



Produc- 
tion 



Pounds 



Sales 



Quantity 



Pounds 



104, 539, 151 100, 793, 143 



2, 548, 080 
1, 246, 740 



100, 755 



41 

8, X... 
X 

87 

87 

87 

41 

87 

87 

87 

87, 248- 

87 

87 

62, 87.- 



6 

6 

6,8,62 

6, 8, 62, 80, 87, 150, 
174, 247. 



6, 150. 
6, 62.. 



6, 8, 62, 87, 150, 174. 



62 

6,62,80,247 

41 

6, 8, 41, 62, 80, 87, 
150, 247. 



97, 602 



76, 720 



23, 873 



2, 481. 144 
1, 230, 370 



92, 365 



Value 



$51,429,918 



2, 293, 2,54 
698, 561 



122, 975 



Unit 
value 



$0.51 



.92 
.57 



1.33 



108, 467 108, 566 



72, 509 



23, 562 



36, 057 



34, 378 



79, 642 



28, 636 



37, 566 



1.00 



^Includes developed black and cellitazole black. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



27 



Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States -production and sales, by types, in 1940- 

Continued 



Name of dye 



Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according: to 
list on p. 61) 



Produc- 
tion 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



Unclassified Dyes — Continued 

Acetate silk dyes — Continued. 

Sky blue B 

Turquoise G, MG 

Violet, B, 4B, 6B, 6BA, CB, RL, 
2R, 3R, 4R, II.4 

Violet blue FSI 

Yellow, F, FSI, G, GX, 20, 5G, 
JT, VIII, IX, XI, XII, XIII. 

Other 

Acid alizarin green B 

Acid anthracene brown PG, SWG..- 

Acid anthracene yellow GR extra 

Acid black AR, BR supra, SB, ORF, 
GRF cone, 3G, J, RB, RYC, TL, 
WA, 640, 773. 

Acid blue, 2G, RS 

Acid blue black BR, RC 

Acid Bordeaux R 

Acid brilliant blue 3B, 2R 

Acid brilliant green lOG 

Acid brilliant red BBA, 4BL, 5B, G. 

Acid brown B, FN, MF, N, R 

Acid ceresine 

Acid chromal brown AEB 

Acid chrome blue 2R, 2RA 

Acid chrome blue black B 

Acid fast black BBN _.. 

Acid fast blue B, BN, G, IB 

Acid fast brown CGS 

Acid fast light red BL cone... _. 

Acid fast orange LW 

Acid fast red BL, CY 

Acid fast rubine BL 

Acid fast yellow JY, N, RS 

Acid flavine cone 

Acid f uchsine 6B 

Acid garnet GR cone 

Acid golden yellow R cone 

Acid green BL, S 

Acid light red 4BL 

Acid light rubine BL 

Acid milling brown R supra 

Acid milling yellow G, GN, 2GX, R. 

Acid naphthol blue black 

Acid navy FN 

Acid navy blue cone, B cone, M4B. 

Acid neutral red 3G extra cone 

Acid neutral yellow GNS 

Acid olive Q 

Acid orange G, GS, R, 2R, 4R, 4RN, 
SGS, YF. 

Acid pink N 

Acid red, GL, OA 

Acid sapphire G 

Acid scarlet G cone, 2R, Y 

Acid spirit black 

Acid spirit orange R 

Acid spirit yellow G, 2R 

Acid violet B, BS, RL, RNL, 2R, 
2RX, ERR extra. 

Acid wool blue BL 

Acid yellow, OR, 2G, 5G, R 

Alizarin blue GS 

Alizarin direct blue A2G, AR 

Alizarin fast blue RB 

Alizarin fa'^t gray BBL 

Alizarin aray DG 

Alizarin L 

Alizarin supra blue A, C 

Alizarin supra skv R 

Alkali fast green iOG 

Amido naphthol brown 3G 

Anthracene blue SWN 



62 

6.87 

6, 41, 62, 87, 150, 
248. 



Pounds 



Pounds 



6, 8, 62, 80, 87, 150, 

174. 
X 



22, 241 
114,943 



27, 306 
'94,' 582 



$50, 650 



$1.85 



100, 561 



1.07 



248 

87 

41 

6, 55, 62, 87, 150, 
247, X. 



172, 179, X.. 

62, 179 

X 

6,62 

62 

6, 41, 62, 150- 
8,87, 172 



102, 422 



52, 022 



.58 



8,203 



4,805 
5,106 



6,001 
6,760 



1.25 
1.32 



45 

45, 87 

45 

62 

8, 62, 150. 

62 

41 



8, 62. 



6,8. 
179. 
41.. 
179. 
172. 
179. 
62.- 
87- 
6... 



8, 45, 62, 172. 

45 

247 

8,62,247 

6 

6... .--- 



24,766 



18, 271 



.96 



6, 8, 62, 87, 150, 
172, X. 



47, 000 



39, 371 



L25 



28, 45, 172. 

X 

6, 172 



8, 45, 62, 172, 179, 
247. 

62 

8,45,172 

150 



94, 132 



86, 620 



.63 



150. 
87- 
150. 
6— 
87.- 
87.. 
87- 
87.- 
150- 



• Includes purple and fast violet. 



416161—41- 



28 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, in 1940 — 

Continued 



Name of dye 



Unclassified Di/ps— Continued 



Anthracene chrome brown RL 

Anthracene indieo blue N 

Anthraquinone hUie BOA, 3G, SBF, 

SWB, SWF, WSA. 
Anthraquinone vat black 20, J, R_.. 
Anthraquinone vat black brown V_. 
Anthraquinnne vat blue CLX, 

OCL. GR, IBC, 04B, RCX. 
Anthraquinone vat blue green B, 

FFB, Y. 
Anthraquinone vat Bordeaux ORR- 
Anthraquinone vat brilliant orange 

GR, RK. 
Anthraquinone vat brilliant red B__. 
Anthraquinone vat brilliant scarlet 

BGN. 
Anthraquinone vat brilliant violet 

3B. 
Anthraquinone vat brilliant yellow 

4G. 
Anthraquinone vat brown BR, CR, 

NR, RR, VR. 
Anthraquinone vat dark brown R... 
Anthraquinone vat deep black RD.. 
Anthraquinone vat direct black, 3G, 
RB. 

Anthraquinone vat flavine GO 

Anthraquinone vat golden orange 3Q, 

YL. 
Anthraquinone vat golden yellow 

GK, GO. 
Anthraquinone vat gray GD, M, 

M3G, R, RL, 3R. 
Anthraquinone vat green 2BL, IBW. 

Anthraquinone vat khaki, GG 

Anthraquinone vat navy blue, BN, 

BRP, G,3G. 
Anthraquinone vat olive G, GGL, T. 
Anthrquinone vat olive green, B, 
BA. 

Anthraquinone vat pink B 

Anthraquinone vat printing black B, 

2B,TL. 
Anthraquinone vat printing brown 

TM suprafix. 
Anthraquinone vat printing green 
BG suprafix. 

Anthraquinone vat red G2B 

Anthraquinone vat red brown R 

Anthraquinone vat red violet RRN_ 
Anthraquinone vat scarlet 3B, BBN 
suprafix, GGN. 

Anthraquinone vat violet FFBN 

Artificial silk black, G, R, 2R 

Azoanthreno dyes: 

Black N.. 

Blue G 

Blue green B 

Clarets 

Dark brown DW 

Golden orange R 

Green G 

Navv BR, CW 

R blue T/, S 

Rcd3BW 

Rubine B, S 

Scarlet O, Y 

Violet B 

Yellows 

Azo Bordeaux 2BL, 4BL, 7B cone. 

Azo brown BY 

Azo cosine 2B 

Azo fast blue 2R 

Azo fast orange G, GRN 

Azo fast violet 



Allanufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according to 
list on p. 61) 



Produc- 
tion 



248. 



62.... 

8,150. 

87.-.. 



62,87,150-. 
62,87,150.. 



62. 



62, 87, 150, 172. 
62 



87 

62,87,150. 



87. 



8,62,87,150- 



62,87 

62,87,150 

8,8,62,87 



62,87... 
6, 62, 87. 



Pounds 



170, 427 



27, 369 



957, 637 
245, 035 



62 _ 
150. 
6_. 



87 

45, 87, 247. 



X-. 
X.. 
X-. 

x_. 

X_- 
X-- 
X.. 
X.. 
X.. 
X.. 
X-. 
X.. 
X.. 

x_. 

172. 
172. 
62.. 
150. 
87.- 
150. 



Sales 



Quantity 



Pounds 



190, 896 



979, 141 
235, 461 



Value 



$259, 259 



1, 084, 392 
219, 020 



Unit 
value 



1.36 



1.11 
.93 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



29 



Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States -production and sales, by types, in 1940 — 

Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according to 
list on p. 61) 


Produc- 
tion 




Sales 




Name of dye 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Unclassified J>2/e«— Continued 


87 


Pounds 


Pounds 








172 










Azoic dyes and their components: 
Total 




3, 628, 561 


3, 533, 150 


$5, 163, 563 


$1.46 


Dyes: 

Rapid fast: 

Orange, G, RH. -- 


8,62,87,172 




Red RH 


62,87 










Scarlet ILH 


62,87 










Rapidogene: 

Black DM, MG 


62,87 










Black brown IT 


87 










Blue, BN, D, GN, MSG, 


62,87,172 










N, NR, R. 
Bordeaux, MR, RN 


62.87,172 




37, 694 


86, 068 


2.28 


Brown, GN, IB, IPT— . 


87,172 






Dark brown AR--- 


62 










G, double 


87 










Golden yellow MRS, R, 


62,87 










3R. 
Navy blue FFR, R 


87 










Orange G, R 


62.87 










Red,2B, FFG, FFR, G, 

GS, M2B, R. 
Red violet 2R 


8,62,87,172 

87 


160, 831 


179, 617 


376, 690 


2.10 


Scarlet, FFG, FFR, R, 

RBY, RS. 
Yellow, FFGG, Q, GS, 


8,62,87,172 

62,87,172 


81, 823 
111, 675 


88, 662 
112, 172 


191, 741 
292. 784 


2.16 
2.61 


2G. 
Components: 

Fast color bases: 

Black LB 


87 




Blue B, 2B 


84.87,172 










Bordeaux FGP, GP, 

GPR. 
Garnet GBC, GC_ 


84, 87, 144, 172, X_.. 
87, 144, X - 


19, 377 
54,588 


18, 381 
52, 993 


52, 851 
42,806 


2.88 
.81 


Orange GC- 


87,X 




Red B, D, GL, KB, TR. 


84,87, 144, 172, X.-^ 










Scarlet A, C, R, RC 


87, 144, 172, X 










Fast color salts: 

Black B - 


150 










Blue B, BN, 2B 


84. 87, 144, 150, 172, 

X. 
84, 87, 144, 150, 

172, X. 
87, X, X 










Bordeaux BD, GP, GPN. 
Garnet GC, GBC 


152, 261 
52, 135 


138, 361 
62, 386 


128, 261 
40, 947 


.93 

.78 


Orange FR, GC, GR.-_- 


84, 87,150, X 




Red AL, B, FR, F2G, 


84, 87, 144, 150, 
172, X. 

84 


410, 897 








G, GL, 3G, 3GL, KB, 

KBN,RC,RCN,TR. 

Rubine FG 








Scarlet G, GGN, 2G, R, 

RL, RN. 
Variamine blue BD, RT. 


84, 87, 144, 150, 
172, X. 

87 


462, 972 


487, 212 


309, 708 


.04 


Other - 


87 










Naphthols: 

Naphthol AS _ 


6, 8, 87, 150 


737, 146 


703,044 


711,239 


1.01 


Naphthol AS, BG 

Naphthol AS, BO 

Naphthol AS, BR 


87 




6,87,150 . 










6, 62,87 . - .- - _ 










Naphthol AS, BS 

Naphthol AS, BT 


6, 87, 150 










87 










Naphthol AS, BZ 

Naphthol AS, D 


87 - - 










6,87,150,172 

87 


35, 972 








Naphthol AS, E . 








Naphthol AS, EX. 


87 










Naphthol AS, G 


87 










Naphthol AS, MXA 


87 










Naphthol AS, OL . 


87, 172 










Naphthol AS, OP 


172 . . 










Naphthol AS, PH 


87 










Naphthol AS, RL 


6,87 _-- 










Naphthol AS, SW . . 


6, 87, 150 . 


218, 648 








Other 


6,87 









30 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, in 1940- 

Continued 



Kame of dve 



Unclassified Di/e«— Continued 

Azo oil black 

Azo oil blue black B _ 

Azo orange ON, GR, OXA, QXCW, 

RO, RNC, RS, 3RP. 

Azo red 7BL 

Azo scarlet G, RB, RP 

Basic orange 3RN 

Benzoform dves: 

Blue BBL, 2Q 

Blue green B 

Orange FGL 

Red7B, G 

Rubine B 

Violet 2B 

Yellow 30 

Brilliant acid blue 3B 

Brilliant benzo violet B 

Brilliant blue 5B 

Brilliant indocyanine G 

Brilliant milling blue B 

Brilliant milling green B cone 

Brilliant milling yellow 5G 

Brilliant sulfo flavine FF 

Brilliant wool blue BN, FFR, FFRS 

extra, G extra. 

Carbolan blue B 

Chromate brilliant brown RL 

Chromate brown, EB, EBR, EBS 

cone. 

Chromate red 2G . . _ 

Chrome black, 3G, NSE, P2B, SW. 

Chrome black blue G 

Chrome blue ATX, ECR 

Chrome brilliant orange 2R 

Chrome brown B, BC, ECS, SB, 
EB, EBL, ECB, G, O, PG, RH 

cone, 4RC. 

Chrome fast red 2RL ._ 

Chrome garnet R 

Chrome green B, CB, G 

Chrome orange RL, 3R 

Chrome red FG 

Chrome verdon S. 

Chrome violet B, FB 

Chrome yellow, DS, 2G, 00 supra, 

R, SW. 

C i ba black .._ 

CibablueBR, 2B 

Cloth red 2R, Y 

Cotton black 3G 

Croceine scailet FP cone 

Developed black G, OB, OB extra, 

OT, ZV cone. 
Developed blue B, BR, BR extra, 

5GL, fiO, RFW, 4RL. 
Developed Bordeaux 2BL, 7B, 7B 

cone, BGL, RB. 

Developed brilliant green 3G 

Developed brilliant orange G, QNX, 

ORN, 2G. 
Developed brilliant scarlet, 2BL, 

5BL, RO. 
Developed brown 6G, NR, R, 3RB, 

3RN. 

Developed fast black PG extra 

Developed fast blue B. . __ 

Developed fast brown RK 

Developed fast red 7BL 

Developed fast violet BL 

Developed fast yellow 2G, 3G 

Developed garnet RD 

Developed green BL, GW, 2GL 

Developed indigo blue BRR, 4GL.. 
Developed orange, GR, R, RFW, 

2R, 3R, WD. 



Manufactur Ts' 
identification num- 
bers Caccording to 
list on p. 61) 



150. 
150. 
172. 

172. 
172. 
62.. 



87.. 
87-. 
87.- 
87.- 
87.. 
87.. 
87-. 
150. 
62-. 
150- 
87- 



62, 87. 

62 

6 



87 

87, 150. 



62 

41 

8, 41, 62, 248. 



248 

41,62,150. 

87 --- 

62 



6, 8, 45, 62, 87, 150, 
247. 



62 

41 

45, 150- 
62, 150- 

87 

8 



41,87 

8, 45, 62, 87, 150, 

172. 
60... -- 



45, 150. 



150 

6, 45r6'2V87,'i5b"- 



6,45,62,150 

6,41, 62, 87, 150- . 



87,150- 

87 



41, 62, 87- 

62,87..-. 



62 

45 

62 

41,62 

62 

41,87,150- 
6 



62 

62,87.... 
6,62,150- 



Produc- 
tion 



Pounds 



146,327 



358, 991 



208, 912 



301, 037 



208, 719 



Quantity 



Pales 



Value 



Pounds 



133, 165 



20, 709 



326, 989 



126, 480 



308, 194 



198, 873 



$103, 877 



12,788 



52,506 



206, 167 



250, 056 



Unit 
value 



$0.78 



.62 



1.02 



.67 



1.26 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



31 



Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, in 1940 — 

Continued 



Name of dye 


Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers faccording to 
listen p. 61) 


Produc- 
tion 




Sales 




Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Uncfassified Z)j/e«— Continued 

Developed red BFW, 7BL, lOBL.... 
Developed rubine B 

Developed scarlet A, AE, 2BL, FW, 

GFW, R. 
Developed skv blue B, 3GL 


6,62,150 

41,87 


Pounds 
17, 319 


Pounds 
18,020 


$27, 458 


$1.52 


62,150 










87 










Developed violet BRD, 2R 


6,62 










Diamond green SS __ 

Diazophen red 


87 










8 










Diazophen vellow 

Direct black CW, 30, 3CiR, 50, 

NOW, NR extra. 
Direct blue A, 2B, 5B, FF. 2GN, 3G, 
5G, NR. 

Direct blue green CW 

Direct Bordeaux B, 6B, 7B 


8 










45, 87, 160, 247 










6, 62, 150, 174, 247.. 
150 


109, 997 


100, 809 


98, 474 


.98 


6,87,150 




191,149 


152,914 


.80 


Direct brilliant blue BFL 


150 






Direct brilliant Bordeaux 6B 


150 










Direct brilliant cerise ._ 


8 










Direct brilliant red 12B cone 

Direct brilliant violet B, 4B. R 

Direct brown CSW, CWR, FW, 
GB, GR, K, N, R, RB, RY. VG.. 

Direct catechine, GS, G cone, 30 

Direct chrome black blue B 

Direct chrome blue black B 


150 










6,45 - .. 










6, 8, 45, 55, 87, 150, 

247, X 
6, 62, 150 


93, 981 
165, 312 


83, 776 
197,644 


53, 342 
150, 131 


.64 
.67 


87, X 




150 












8 ... 










Direct copper blue BR, RRX, 3R... 
Direct dark blue SR 

Direct dark brown G 


62,87 










X 










87 










Direct fast black B, FOR, FTC, O, 

L, L cone. VE. 
Direct fast blue, FF, FEB, FEE, 

4GL, 8GL, LBRR, LG, R, RL, 

SRL. 
Direct fast Bordeaux 6BL.- 


6, 41, 45, 62, 87, 150, 

247 
6, 41, 45, 62, 87, 150.. 

87 


482, 553 
573, 946 


439, 996 
454, 509 


274, 358 
537, 430 


.62 
1.18 


Direct fast brown BRL, 40L, LBR, 

LG, L3R, R, 2RL, 4R, 3YL. 
Direct fast gray BL, GL, 2GL, LR._ 
Direct fast light blue FF . ... 


41,62,87,150 

62, 87, 150 


148, 888 
31, 643 


160, 433 
36, 587 


243, 843 
68, 530 


1.52 
L87 


45 




Direct fast olive brown RL 

Direct fast orange EG, ER, E3G, G, 

GL, 20 cone, 2GL, 4G cone, 

LGGL, L3R, L5G, L7G, RE, 

4RL, 5RL, 6R, S. 
Direct fast red 5BL, 8BLN, 8BLSW, 

8BLW. 
Direct fast rubine B cone, LB, 2B.. 

Direct fast turquoise 8GL 

Direct fast turquoise blue LGL 

Direct fast violet BB, BL 

Direct fast yellow 4GL, 5GL, LR, 

L5G, RL. 

Direct gray BBC, G 

Direct green G, GB, 5GSC, 2Y 

Direct green black 


6 










8, 41, 62, 87, 112, 150. 
6,41,45,150 


290, 164 


270, 810 
196, 908 


325, 727 
255, 776 


1.20 
1.30 


6,150 






62 










87 










6,87 










45,62,87,150. _ 

55, X 


154, 251 


135,814 


238, 951 


1.76 


6, 8, 62 










45- - 










Direct indigo blue 


6 










Direct light yellow RL _ 


45 










Direct navy G, R, 4R 


6 










Direct navy blue BF, BW, DB, R, 

RY. 
Direct orange B, 2G, R 


8,62,150,247 

6,45,87 . 


91, 314 


94, 564 
8,339 


67, 937 
9,542 


.72 
1.14 


Direct pure blue B .._ _._ . . 


6 






Direct reseda green 


6 










Direct rhoduline red B . 


62 










Direct royal blue . . __ ... 


6 










Direct rubine B, Q 


6 










Direct sapphire B- _ 


X 










Direct scarlet G ._ 


6 










Direct silk blue NR 


87 










Direct sky blue B 

Direct speck dye red SW_,_ __ 


45 










150 










Direct violet BRL, BCW, 2B, 2R_.- 
Direct violet black . . 


6, 8, 150, 174 










45 










Direct viscose blue GS, RS 


87 










Fast acid black BR 


87 










Fast acid blue R, WF 


87,150 











32 



imiTED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 9. — -Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, in 1940 — 

Continued 



Name of dyo 



Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according to 
list on p. 61) 



Produc- 
tion 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



Unclassified Dyes— Continued 

Fast acid Bordeaux B 

Fast acid brown RG 

Fast acid light red B 

Fast acid orange RW 

Fast acid red BBL, 3B, GO 

Fast acid yellow GS, R 

Fast black V 

Fast blue GGN, 5RN 

Fast chrome brown RB 

Fast claret RN 

Fast crimson R 

Fast light red B, BL, 4B, GL 

Fast light rubine BL 

Fast light violet 

Fast marine blue REN 

Fast orange RN 

Fast pink BN 

Fast printing yellow Q 

Fast red RN 

Fast violet 3RN, 5RN 

Fast wool violet B 

Fast yellow ELN 

Fluoroleum supra 

Fluorol 50, 5GR 

Formal blue 2B _ . 

Formaldehyde black GRX 

Formaldehyde red B 

Formaldehyde scarlet Y 

Formal fast black G 

Formalide brown RD 

Formalide deep blue R 

Formanol black RW 

Formyl black G 

Formyl blue B 

Formyl brown 

Fur colors 

Gas yellow 

Hansa yellow G, 3R 

Helio red RMT 

Heliogen blue B, Q 

Heliogen green O 

ITydroform navy blue 

Indamine navy blue 2B 

Indigo vat blue B 

Indigo vat brown, G 

Indigo vat pink FB, FF 

Indigo vat scarlet 2GN 

Indigo vat yellow 8Q 

Indocyanine B 

Indophenol black 

Indophenol blue black ... _ .. 

Jet black APX-... 

Lake blue G, 6G 

Lake fast blue BL cone 

Lake fast orange G 

Lake fast yellow lOG 

Lake orange OTP. 

Lake pink RL . _ . 

Lake red BP, 2B, CSP 

Lake scarlet 2YL 

Lake yellow O. PL 

Leather brown 2R, 5RT 

Levelling brown B 

Lithol yellow G 

Metalized azo gray Q. . .. 

Milling black B 

Milling fast garnet R 

Milling fast red FF 

Milling fast yellow 5GL cone 

Milling navy blue 4B 

Millins? rod B, B cone, R . .. . 
Milling yellow 2GCW, 3G, O cone. 

R, RG, XN 

Monastra! fast blue B, G 

Monastral fast green G 



87 

150-._. 

45 

45 

87 

87, 150. 

62 

87 

172.-.. 

87 

150 --_ 
87, 150- 
150 -.- 
248. ___ 

87 

87 

87 

150-__. 

87 

87 

150_-_- 

87 

62 

87 

41 

28 

45 

45 

45 

247-... 
247.-.. 
X 



Pounds 



Pounds 



41- 



62, 87. 
87--.. 
87-... 
87--.. 
167... 



84 

8,62, 150, X_- 
8, 62, 144, 150- 

150 

62 

87 

X 

X 

62 

62 

62 

62 

62 

62 

150 

62 

62 

62,87, 150 

62,87 

6 

87 



340, 640 
538, 355 



296, 188 
498, 546 



$321,854 
519, 442 



$1. 09 
1.04 



150 

41 

41 

41 

150 

150, 172- 

150, 172.. 

62 

62 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



33 



Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, by types, in 1940 — 

Continued 



Name of dye 



Unclassified Dj/es— Continued 



Mordant green SN 

Naphthol navy blue M 

Naphthylamine black V 

Neutral blue G 

Neutral brown RD, RX, 2RS 

Neutral silk brown.. 

Neutral silk yellow CGA 

Neutral silk yellow RX 

Nigrosine base B, N, R, 2R -.. 

Oil blue 

Oil bronze 

Oil brown D, M, Y, #79, #102 

Oil fast black 

Oil fast blue B, R 

Oil fast orange A cone. 

Oil fast red M, Y 

Oil fast yellow SO, EG 

Oil green 

Oil orange, soluble, RH, 2R, #30, #67. 

Oil pink B 

Oil red, soluble, EG, EGN, G, O, 
OB, RO, #322. 

Oil scarlet -- 

Oil violet 

Oil yellow, PHW 

Orange Y 

Paper red AP 

Patent blue B cone 

Phenamine violet B 

Phosphine R 

Pigment rubine Q, 3Q 

Polyform dyes: 

Blue BRF, 2RF 

Dark brown 3BF 

Dark maroon GF 

Orange RF 

Scarlet 2GF, RF 

Yellow GF 

Pyrazoline dyes: 

Black 

Blue 4GL, 8GL, R 

Brown BRL 

Gray GL cone 

Red BLW 

Yellow 4GL, R 

Rayon dyes: 

Black B 

Bordeaux B 

Brown G, M 

Navy blue N 

Violet 3B 

Resin brilliant orange 2R 

Resin brilliant red R 

Resin brown Z 

Resin violet B 

Resorcin brown YX 

Rosanthrene A, R 

Rosanthrene orange 

Rubber colors 

Safranine 8B 

Scarlet crystals 

Silk black 4BF, R 

Silk blue lOG 

Silk brown G, R 

Silk fast blue 3G 

Silk fast brown R 

Silk fast yellow G 

Silk red 2B, 3BX, 4B, lOB 

Stilbene brown 3GXL 

Stilbene orange EG 

Sudan corinth B 

Sudan orange FL, RT 

Sudan red 4B 

Sulfon yellow RS 

Supranol orange R 



Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according to 
list on p. 61) 



45 

62 

172 

62, 150, X 

41 

41 

X 

150 

248 

62 

80, 150 

150 

6, 150 

150 

150 

62.150 

248 

8,55,80,87,245-..- 

150 

6, 8, 55, 80, 150, 245. 



248... 
8,248. 
55.-.. 
87.--. 
150-.. 
87..-- 
87..-. 
87..-. 



172- 
172. 
172- 
172. 
172- 
172. 



Produc- 
tion 



Pounds 



15, 307 



21, 503 
163,' 434 



62.... 
62.-.. 
62.... 
62..-. 
62.--. 
150... 
150.-- 
150-- 
150... 
55...- 
62..-. 
62.... 
62..-- 
150--- 
87.--- 
28, 45- 
62..-- 
X--.. 
62.... 



28 

28, 45, X_ 



Sales 



Quantity 



Pounds 



8,338 



21, 696 



158, 854 



Value 



$13,434 



15, 710 



150, 409 



5,502 



Unit 
value 



$1.61 



.72 



.95 



1.36 



34 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 9. — Coal-tar dyes: United States production and sales, hy types, in 1940 — - 

Continued 





Name of dye 


Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (accord insr to 
list on p. 61) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 




Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 




Unclassified i)yes— Continued 
Supranol red PB- ..- 


87 - 


Pounds 


Pounds 








Supranol yellow GG 

Vat khaki OG 

Wool blue CGG 

Wool green B 

Wool navy blue B 

Wool red XH 


87 












X 












150 












150 












150 












28 - 












Zambesi black BG, D, PC, V 

All other 

Total unclassified dyes 


45,87,150.. 


381,952 


407,006 


$222, 842 


$0.56 




62,X 


















23,294,429 


21, 884, 293 


2."; nm 810 


1.14 




Total dyes: 

Those for which individual 

statistics are shown. 
Those for which individual 

statistics cannot be 

shown. 

Grand total 










94, 051, 224 
33, 782, 356 


91, 589, 782 
31, 087, 654 


45, 091, 694 
31, 340, 034 


.49 






1.01 










127, 833, 580 


122,677,436 76.431.728 


.62 















COLOR LAKES AND TONERS 

Increased demand for surface coatings and for decorating resulted 
in an increase of 5.8 percent in the output of color lakes and toners in 
1940, as compared with 1939. Production in 1940 w^as 19,213,000 
pounds, sales 16,786,000 pounds, and the average value per pound, 
75 cents. Lakes and extended colors accounted for 43 percent of the 
production, full-strength toners 50 percent, and reduced toners 7 
percent. 

Statistics of production and sales of color lakes and toners in 1940 
are shown in table 10. 



Table 10. — Color lakes and toners: United States production and sales, in 1940 

[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on p. 
61. An X sisinifies tliat the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number 
with the designated product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth colunms indicate that the statistics 
of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information with regard to individual firms. 
The figures thus concealed are, however, included in the total.] 





Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list on p. 61) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of product 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


LAKES AND EXTENDED 
COLOKS 

Alizarin .. 


13, 62, 123, 126, 143, 146, 176, 209, 

228, 229, X, X, X, X. X. 
13, 31, 62, 107, 121, 176, 228, 229, X, 

X. 
51, 97, 126, 143, 228, 229, 248, X, X.. 
13, 31, 51, 62, 74, 77, 97, 107, 121, 

123, 143, 186, 221, 228, 229, 245, 

X, X, X, X, X, X, X, X, X, X. 

13, 51, 126, 143, 228, 229, 248, X 

13, 31, 62, 74, 77, 97, 117, 143, 209, 

221,229, X, X, X, X, X, X. 
13 77, 143, 221, 229, X, X . .- . 


Pounds 
185, 444 

242, 189 

188,119 
495, 714 

43, 214 
114,056 

32,794 
318, 980 


Pounds 
164, 253 

252,471 

162, 140 
392, 957 

20, 768 
109, 846 

29,092 
269, 481 


$168, 673 

76,661 

72, 107 
205, 415 

11.460 
80, 957 

21, 151 
139, 247 


$1.03 


Azo Bordeau.K . .. 


.30 


Black 


.44 


Blue 


.52 




.55 


Eosine and phloxine 

Fast light yellow 

Green 


.74 
.73 


13, 29, 31, 51, 62, 74, 77, 97, 121, 123, 
126, 143, 186, 221, 228. 229, 245, 

x,x,x,x,x,x,x,x. 


.52 







SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



35 



Table 10. — Color lakes and toners: United States production and sales, in 1940- 

Continued 





Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list on p. 61) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of product 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


LAKES AND EXTENDED 

COLORS— continued 
Lithol rubine 


13, .31, 51, 62, 74, 121, 126, 186, 209, 

221,229,X,X,X,X, X. 
13, 31, 51, 62, 97, 107, 126, 143, 186, 

209, 221 , 228, 248, X, X, X, X, X, 

XXX 
1.3, 74^77, 126, 248, X, X 


Pounds 
347, 223 

151,282 

10, 992 

188, 480 

1, 668, 967 

314,717 

50, 556 


Pounds 
346, 128 

137, 904 

10.012 
165. 754 

1,357,396 
252, 743 


$106,310 
76, 192 

7.433 
51,040 

745, 994 
107, 094 


.$0. 31 
55 


Naphthol yellow.. _-. 


74 




31, 36, 51, 62, 77, 97, 12?, 143, 229, 
245, X. X, X, X, X, X. X. 

13, 31, 36, 51, 62, 74, 77, 105, 107, 1 17, 
126, 143, 186, 209, 221, 228, 229, 
248, X, X, X, X. X, X, X, X, X. 

13, 36, 62, 74, 77, 105, 117, 126, 143, 
186, 209, 221, 228. 229, X, X, X, 

x,x,x,x. 


31 




.55 
42 




Phosphomolybdic acid, to- 




tal. 
Blue 


77, 107, 221, X 








Brown.- ' 


123 










Green . 


51,62,143 










Purple. - . - 


31, 36, 51, 107, 143 










Red 


31, X _ 










Violet 


126 . 










Phosphotungstic acid: 
Blue 


8, 13. 31, 51, 62, 74, 97, 105, 107, 143, 

209, 221, 229, 248, X, X, X. X. 
8, 31, 51, 62, 77, 97, 107, 143, 229, X, 

X X X X X X 
31, 51, 97, 107,' 143, 209, 221, 229, 24S, 

X X X X 
8, 13, 29, 31, 51, 62, 77, 97, 107, 123, 

143, 209, 229, 248, X, X, X, X, X. 
74, 143, X . 


359, 585 

169, 340 

75, 522 

209, 731 

433 
434,919 

26. 161 

518, 789 

1,081,170 

155, 193 

10, 432 
195, 060 
717, 610 


267, 833 
129, 543 
65, 950 
175, 904 
237 


220, 381 
66,675 
52, 522 

102, 878 
318 


82 


Green . 


51 


Purple. --- ._ . . 


80 


Red - 


58 


Other -- 


1 34 


Pigment scarlet . 


13, 31, 51, 62, 107, 126, 143, 176, 186, 

209, 228, 229, 248, X, X. X. X. 
13. 51, 105, 117, 126, 209, 221, X, X, 

X. 
31, 51, 62, 74, 77, 121, 123, 12C, 143, 

186, 209, 221, 229, 245, X, X, X, 

X X X X X 
13^ 62, 97,' 121* 126, 186, 209, 228, 

229, 245, X, X, X, X. X. 
51, 77, 105, 107, 117, 126, 143, 209, 

221,229,X,X, X, X, X, X. 

13, 51, 62, 97, 107, 123. 229, 245 

13, 51 62 77 123 143 229 XXX 






21, 628 
492, 858 

993, 222 

145, 614 

9,514 

99, 446 

1, 130, 695 


17, 594 
248, 225 

270. 766 

83, 326 

7.269 

34, 2.57 

389, 212 


81 


Red 


50 


Scarlet 2R 


27 




57 


Violet 

Yellow 


.76 
34 


Another . 


3, 13, 31, 36, 51, 62, 97, 107, 121, 123, 
126, 143, 146, 186, 221, 228, 245, X, 

x,x,x,x,x,x. 


34 






Total lakes and ex- 


8, 306, 681 


7, 203, 392 


3, 363. 187 


.47 


tended colors. 

TONERS OR FULL-STRENGTH 
COLORS 

Alkali blue .- 


8, 221, X, X 




549, 204 
298, 365 

51,301 
237, 141 

581, 805 

9,762 
3, 261, 949 

212,937 

768, 674 








Eosine and phloxine 

Green 

Hansa yellow 


13, 74, 77, 105, 186, 209, 221, 229, 248, 

X, X. 
13,62, 186,X 

13, 62, 105, 107, 117, 186, 248, X, X, 

X, X, X, X. 
8, 13, 36, 51, 62, 74, 77, 105, 107, 117. 

126, 143, 186, 209, 221, 228, 229, 

248, X, X, X, X, X,X. 

36, 209, 248, X .. 

13, 36, 51, 62, 74, 77, 105, 107, 126, 

186, 209, 228, 229, 245, 248, X, X, 

X X X X 
13, 31, 51, 62, 74, 77, 105, 107, 121, 

126, 186, 209, 245, X. X, X, X, 

X X 
13, 62, i21, 126, 176, 186, 228, 245, 

248, X, X, X, X. 


192, 527 

38, 937 
236,410 

421, 013 

6,922 
2, 933, 945 

198, 004 

732, 584 


232, 442 

54, 269 
308, 428 

351, 368 

6,149 
1, 542, 792 

218, 742 

1, 797, 779 


1.21 

1.39 
1.30 

83 


Lake red D 

Lithol 

Lithol rubine 

Maroon 


.89 
.53 

1.10 

2.45 



36 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 10. — Color lakes and toners: United States production and sales, in 1940 — 

Continued 





Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list on p. 61) 


Prrtduc- 
. tion 


Sales 


Name of product 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


TONERS OR FULL-STKENGTH 

COLO R s— continued 
Methyl violet .- 


8, 13, 31, 51, 65, 74, 77, 105, 107, 117, 
186, 221, 228, 229, X, X, X. 

13,74,77, 105, 186, X,X, X 

3, 13, 31, 36, 51, 62, 74, 105, 107, 121, 
126, 176, 186, 209, 228, 229, 245, X, 
X, X, X, X, X,X, X, X. 

8, 77, 105, 121, 248, X, X 


Pounds 

284, 632 

26, 264 
1, 142, 532 

135, 565 

16, 994 
18, 732 
29,317 
5,209 
28, 383 

102, 095 

83, 262 

76, 935 

46, 846 

421, 122 

998, 907 

182, 425 
44, 670 


Pounds 
252, 243 

19, 644 
999, 610 

128,915 

14, 364 
17, 346 
24, 030 
4,371 


$256, 303 

20, 938 
699, 326 

108, 914 

44, 573 
49, 940 
23, 591 
16, 030 


$1.02 




1.07 




.70 




84 


Phosphomolybdic acid: 
Blue - 


31, 36, 62, 105, 107, 126, 248, X, X__ 

31,36, 105, 107, 126, 248, X 

31, 62, 107, 121, 221, 248, X, X, X, X- 
31,51,105,248 


3.10 


Green 

Purple 


2.88 
.98 


Red 


3.67 


Violet • 


31, 36, 65, 77, 126, 143 




Phosphotungstic acid: 
Blue 


13, 31, 51, 62, 74, 77, 107, 121, 126, 

143, 209, 221, 228, 229, X, X, X, 

XXX 
31. 51" 62, 74, 77, 107, 121, 126, 143, 

176, 209, 221, 228, 229, X, X, X, 

X X X X 
13, 31, 51, 62, 107, 121, 126, 143, 209, 

221, 228, 229, X. X, X, X, X, X. 
13, 31, 51, 62, 74, 77, 107, 126, 143, 

209, 228, 229, X, X, X. 
8, 31, 51, 62, 105, 107, 121, 126, 186, 

245, 248, X, X, X, X, X. 
3, 13, 36, 62, 74, 105, 107, 121, 126, 

176, 186, 209, 228, 229, 245, X, X, 

X, X, X, X, X, X, X, X. 

13, 51, 186, X, X, X 

31, 51, 74, 77, 105, 186, 209, X, X_.._ 


80, 529 

72, 863 

61,690 

41,651 

400, 749 

812, 866 

155, 982 
516, 018 


281, 813 

209, 170 

126, 490 

153, 007 

390, 750 

■ 827,413 

192, 085 
675, 715 


3.50 




2.87 


Purple - -- 


2.05 


Red 


3.67 


Red - 


.97 


Toluidine red - 


1.02 


Yellow 


1.23 


All other 


1.31 








9, 615, 028 


8, 363, 213 


8, 588, 027 


1.03 


strength colors. 


13, 62, 74, 107, 126, 143, 209, 221, 229, 

XXX 
13, 31, 51, 62, 74, 77, 107, 126, 186, 

209, 229, X, X. 
3, 13, 31, 51, 62, 74, 107, 121, 126, 176, 

186, 228, 229, 245, X, X, X, X, X. 
13, 29, 31, 62, 97, 107, 126, 176, 221, 

228, 229, 245, X, X, X, X, X, X, 

X. 
13, 29, 62, 97, 107, 126, 143, X, X, X_ 




REDUCED TONERS 

Lake red C and D 


53, 978 
342, 763 
361, 116 
239,316 

293, 912 


54, 232 
370, 280 
368, 381 
187, 231 

239, 399 


28, 975 
136, 742 
51, 400 
60,285 

283, 327 


.53 


Lithol 


.37 


Para red 

Toluidine red 

All other 


.14 
.32 

1.18 








1,291,085 


1,219,523 


560, 729 


.46 








Total color lakes and 


19, 212, 794 


16, 786, 128 


12,511,943 


.75 


toners. 







MEDICINALS 

Synthetic medicinals are invaluable to public health. Production 
and sales of both coal-tar and non-coal-tar medicinals in 1940 were 
greater than in 1939. In the coal-tar group the output of 18,214,000 
pounds in 1940 was an increase of 20 percent, and sales, amounting 
to 15,010,000 pounds, were an increase of 16 percent. Aspirin and 
salicylic acid accounted for 63 percent of the total production in 1940 
in terms of quantity. Sulfanilamide, in 1940, showed a decrease of 
23 percent in production and of 30 percent in sales, possibly because 
of increased competition from other newly developed chemo thera- 
peutic agents. The output of sulfapyridine and its salts, reported 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



37 



for the first time in 1940, was 102,196 pounds, and sales were 76,171 
pounds valued at $1,134,097. Sales of sulfathiazole, also given for 
the first time in 1940, were 91,907 pounds valued at $1,332,283. 
Nicotmic acid amide, a pellegra-preventive vitamin, was produced 
in the amount of 3,791 pounds in 1940. 

The production of non-coal-tar medicinals in 1940 was 2,246,000 
pounds, and sales were 1,727,000 pounds valued at $7,587,000. This 
output represents an increase of 35 percent over 1939. The produc- 
tion of non-coal-tar barbituric acid and derivatives increased during 
the year from 167,000 pounds to 353,000 pounds, and the output of 
iodoform likewise nearly doubled. Considerable quantities of both 
these materials are used by the Army and Navy Medical Depart- 
ments. The output of ascorbic acid (vitamin C) in 1940 was 33,373 
pounds; sales were 26,714 pounds, valued at $31.83 per pound. 

Statistics of production and sales of synthetic medicinals are show^n 
in table 11. 



Table 11. — Synthetic medicinals: United States production and sales in 1940 

[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on 
p. 61. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number 
with the designated product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that the statistics 
of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information in regard to individual firms. 
The figures thus concealed, however, are included in the total.] 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (accord- 
ing to list on p. 61) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of medicinal 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAR 

Acetanilide... _ - 


47,60, 145, 149 

60, 145, 149, 222, X 


Pounds 
735, 568 


Pounds 
483, 449 


$129, 156 


$0.27 


Acetophenetidin (Phenaeetin) 




p-Acetylaminobenzene sulfonchloride 


149. 










Acetvlamino-hydroxy-phenyl arsenic acid 


1, 147, X 










and salts (Acetarsone) (Stovarsol). 


78, X, X 










Acetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin) 

Amidoxyl benzoate 


60, 149, X, X, X 

1 


6, 409, 824 


6,245,053 


2, 861, 752 


.46 


p-Aminobenzoyldiethylaminoethanol (Pro- 
caine) . 
p - Aminobenzovldimethylaminomethylbu- 


1, 85, 161, X, X, X, 

X, X. 
X 


23, 801 


20, 370 


394, 361 


19.36 


tanol hydrochloride (Tutocain). 


X . . 










drochloride (Mapharsen). 
Ammonium salicylate 


60 










Antipvrine 


60 










Arsanilic acid 


1, 147 










Arsphenamine _ . . _ . _ 


1,59,137, 147, 213, X_ 
X 




264 


24, 733 


93.69 


Barbituric acid derivatives: 






salt. 


X 










acid and salt. 
Cyclopal 


X 










Hexylethyl barbiturate sodium (Ortal 

sodium). 
Phenobarbital . 


X 










1, 25, 85, 137, 147, 222, 

X. 
25 


161, 773 


159, 189 


621, 357 


3.90 


Phenobarbital calcium 




Phenobarbital sodium 


1, 25, 85, 137, 147.-.. 
X 


24,896 


23, 523 


82, 577 


3.51 






Benzaldehyde 


100, X, X 












X 












197 - - .. 










Benzoic acid 


60, 62, 149 












X 










panol hydrochloride. 


X 












X 












147 










Bismuth campho earboxylate -. 


1 












38 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 11. — Synthetic medicinals: United Stat'is production and sales in 

1940— Continued 



Name of medicinal 



(A) COAL-TAR — Continued 



Bismuth tribromophenol 

m-Bromoaceto phenyl benzoate (Neoxyn).. 

n-Butyl-p-aminobenzoate (Butesin) 

p-Butylaminobenzoyl dimethylamino etha- 

nol. 
a-Butyloxycinchoninic acid diethylethylene 

diamide and hydrochloride. 
2-Butyloxy-2,6-diamino-5,5-azopyridine(Nl- 
azo). 

Caffeine sodium benzoate 

Caffeine sodium salicylate 

Calcium cresol sulfonate 

Calcium iodoxybenzoate 

Calcium salicylate 

Chloromercury-4-n itro-o-cresol 

Colchicine salicylate..- 

m-Cresyl acetate (Cresatin) 

2,5-Diaminotoluene sulfate 

Dibenzyl ketone 

Di-n-butyl-p-aminobenzoate trinitrophenol 

(Butesin picrate). 
Di-n-butylaminopropyl-p-aminobe n z a t e 

(Butyii base). 
Di-n-butylaminop ropyl-p-aminoben- 

zoyl sulfate (Butyn sulfate). 
n - biethylaminoisopentyl - 8 - amino - 6- 

methoxy quinoline. 
3,4-Dihydroxy phenyl ethylmethylamine 

(Epinine). 
3,5-Diiodo-4-pyridon n-acetic acid diethanol- 

amino. 
4-Dimethylamino antipyrine (Aminopyrine) 

Dinitroplienol . - 

Dioxy anthranol (Anthralin) 

Disodiumhydroxymercurisalicyloxy acetate 

(Mercurosal). 
Disodium-4-sulfaminophenyl-2-azo-7-acetyl- 
amino-l-hydroxy-naphthalene-3, 6-di sul- 
fonate. 

Dyes, medicinal, total 

Acriviolet 

Brilliant green 

3,6-Diaraino acridine sulfate (Profla- 
vine) . 
3,6-Diamino-lO-methyl acridine chloride 

(Acriflavine). 
Dibromohydroxymercurifluorescein so- 
dium salt (Mercurochrome). 

Gentian violet 

FTexale t 

Methylene blue 

Methyl violet 

Phenylazo-diamino pyridine hydrochlo- 
ride (Pyridium). 

Scarlet red ... . 

Sulfosalicylic acid 

Try parsamide 

E phedrine, synthetic 

Eserine salicylate 

a-Estradiol-S-ben/.oate (Progynon B) 

E thocaine borate ( Borocaine) 

Ethyl-p-amino benzoate (Benzocaine) (An- 

aesthesine). 
Gamma-diethylaminopropylcinnaraate hy- 
drochloride (Apothesine). 

Guaiacol (liquid) .. 

Hexamethyleneamine acetamino salicylic 
acid (Salihexin). 

Hexylresorcinol 

Homatropinp and salts 

Homatropipp ir.(>thyl bromide 

Hydr(ixyiii('rcury-4-iiitro-o-cresol anhydride. 
p-IIydroxy pheiiylisopropyl amino hydro- 
bromide. 
8-Hydroxyquinoline (Oxyquinoline base)... 
8-Hy droxyquinoline-5-sulfonic acid 



Manufacturers' 
identificati on 
numbers (accord- 
ing to list on p. 61) 



147. 
60. _ 
1... 
X.. 



196, 



137, 147, 155, X. 

137, 147. 

X 

X 

60 

I _ 

147-. 

201 

69 

X 

1 



Produc- 
tion 



Pounds 



150, X_ 

62 

1 

X 



150 -. 
150 .. 
1, 150. 

1, 150- 

110-.. 



150 

147 

8, 65, 150. 

150 

184 



150 

78,147 

147,213 

85,147 

147 

196 

1,201,X 

1,25,85, 147, 161, X, 

X, X, X. 
X 



104, 149. 
1 



201. 
147- 
X.. 
1... 
X.. 



25, 147. 
25, X.. 



Sales 



Quantity 



Pounds 



1,802 



Value 



$5, 583 



45, 648 



16, 313 



20, 185 



43, 587 



17, 291 



39 

16, 795 



Unit 
value 



$3.10 



972, 949 



34, 338 



755 
57, 041 



22.32 



19.36 
3.40 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



39 



Table 11.— Synthetic medicinals: United States production and sales in 
1940 — Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (accord- 
ing to list on p. 61) 


Produc- 
tion 




Sales 




Name of medicinal 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAR— continued 


X, X 


Pminds 


Pounds 








X 










7-Iodo-8-hvdroxyquinoline-5-sulfonic acid 


1 










lodopvrine . - -. --. .- 


137 












X.. 










lodoxvquinoline sulfonic acid (Yatren acid) 


25,30,X 


\, 804 








and salt. 
Laevo-methvlaminoethanol catechol (Epi- 


X 








nephrine). 
Lithium benzoate - - 


X 












X 












X 










Magnesium salicylate 


60, 104, 137 










Mandelic acid and compounds 


1,137, 147, 184, 213, X 
x,x 


60, 044 


62, 299 


$168, 831 


$2.71 


Menthyl salicylate 




Methyl-m-amino-p-hydroxv benzoate (Or- 


X 










thoform). 
2-Methyl-6-chloro-9-diethylaminopentylam- 
ino acridine. 


X 










X 












X 










madine). 
2-Methyl-l,4-naphthol quinone 


1,213 










p-Methylphenyl cinchoninic ethyl ester 

(Neocinchophen) . 
Mono n-amylaminoethvl p-aminobenzoate 


1,8,25 


6,946 


5,485 


53, 876 


9.82 


161.. 




(Amylcaine). 
Monoisobutylaminoethyl p-aminobenzoate 


161 










(Mnnocaine). 
(3-Napiithyl benzoate 


78 










fl-Naphthyl salicylate 


78 












1, 59, 137, 147, 213, X. 
1 


10, 585 


9,298 


820, 605 


88.26 


Neo-silver arsphenamine ._.... 




Neo-synephrin hydrochloride 


X , 










Nicotinic diethylamide _ _ . . . 


1, X 










Oxyquinoline benzoate 


25,147 










Oxyquinoline citrate .. .. 


147 












25,147 










Oxj'quinoline tannate 


25 










Phenolphthalein _ - .. .. 


149, X,X 










Phenolsulfonates (calcium, sodium, zinc. 


60,137,147 










etc.). 


110 










Phenylethylmethy urea sodium 


X 










Phenvlis(]cvanate -__ _ 


69 _-._ 










^-Phenvlisopropvl amine and sulfate 


X 










Phenyl mercuric acetate _ 


26,70,96 










Phenyl mercuric benzoate . 


96 










Phenyl mercuric borate 


96 










Phenyl mercuric chloride 


26,96 










Phenyl mercuric nitrate. _ 


26,70,96 




100 


3,221 


32.21 


Phenyl-propanolamine hydrochloride (Pro- 


201 






padrin hydrochloride) . 
2-Phenylquinoline-4-carboxylic acid (Cin- 


8,25 










chophen) (Phenyl cinchoninic acid). 
Potassium oxyquinoline sulfate. _ 


25 










Propyl p-aminobenzoate 


X 










Pyramidon and trichloroethyl alcohol ure- 


X 










thane compounds. 
Pyridine-^-carboxylic acid diethylamide--. 


X 










ResorcinoL-- .- _ _ 


62, X 










Resorcinol monoacetate 


69,78,147.x 

60,104,149 ... 


3,613 
5, 068, 010 


3,373 
3,075,135 


8,133 
762, 564 


2.41 


Salicylic acid- _ -__ __ _ .. . 


.25 


Salol 


60 .. 




Silyer arsphenamine ._ . _ - 


1,X 










Sodium carbolate . _ . 


78 










Sodium diphenyl hydantoinate (Dilantin) 


X.X . 










Sodium o-iodohippurate 


137 










Sodium methylene sulfonamino-hydroxy- 


1 










phcnyl arsenate (Aldarsone). 
Sodium salicylate. 


60,104,149 

147 


734, 123 


684, 702 


289,803 


.42 


Sodium succinate. -_ _ . _ . . . . .. 




Sodium p-toluene sulfochloramide (Chlora- 


149 - . 










mine T). 
Strontium salicylate 


60,104,137 











40 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 11. — Synthetic medicinals: United States production and sales in 

1940 — Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identificati on 
numbers (accord- 
ing to list on p. 61) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of medicinal 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAR— continued 

Sulfanilamide (p-Amino-benzosulfonamide) . 
Sulfapyridine and salt (2-Sulfanilamido 

pyridine) . 
Sulfathiazole and salt (2-Sulfanilamido- 

thiazole). 

Sulfoarsphenamine 

Tetraiodophenolphthalein and sodium salt. 

Theobromine and sodium salicylate 


8, 33, 147, 149, X 

8, 147, X,X, X 

8,147,213, X 


Pounds 
543, 802 
102, 196 


Pounds 
494, 983 
76, 171 

91, 907 

232 
6,494 


$670, 311 
1, 134, 097 

1, 332, 283 

33, 431 

91, 687 


$1.35 
14.89 

14 50 


1, 59, 137, 147, 213, X- 
25, 33, 69, 137, 147, 

150. 
137,147,155 


351 

4,856 


144. la 
16.69 




147 












137,147 












78 










p-Toluene sulfodichloramide (Dichlora- 

mineT). 
Vinethene (Divinyl ether) - - . . 


149 










147 










Vitamins: 

K . - 


147 












38, 85, 88, 147, 155, 
207. 

1.85,88,147,207 

147 












3,791 


2,931 


68, 085 


23. 23 


Pyridoxine (Be) - - 






33 






















Total coal-tar medicinals: _ 


13, 932, 480 
4,281,954 


11,479,885 
3, 530, 283 


9, 648, 580 
8, 125, 163 


.84 


tics are shown. 
Those for which individual statis- 




2.17 


tics cannot be shown. 








18, 214, 434 


15,010,168 17.773.743 


1.18 




78,X 








(B) NON-COAL-TAR 

Acetannin CTannigen) (Tannyl acetate) 










69 --- 










Aminoacetic acid (Qlvcocol) (Glycine) 


25,60,85,170 










p-Amino di-n-butylaminoyiropanol hydro- 
chloride (Butyn hydrochloride). 


1 










69.137, X 












196 












196 














353, 157 


141, 327 


686, 030 


4.85 




1 . 




Allyl isooropyl barbituric acid 


106... - . 










1 












85, X 












X - 










bromin'> . 
Diethylbnrbituric acid (Barbital) and 

SBltS. 

Ethyl-l-methyl butyl barbituric acid 

and salts. 
Ethyl-l-methyl butyl thiobarbituric 

acid and salts. 
Ethyl secondary butyl barbituric acid 

and vSalts. 
Lsoamyl ethyl barbituric acid and salts.. 
Isopropyl ethyl barbituric acid and 

salts. 


1,85, 106, X. 










1, 131 










1 










X 










131 










X 










1 - . 












X, X 










Propyl-methyl-carbinyl allyl-barbitu- 
rate sodium. 


131 










60, 137 












X - . 










Butyl ethyl malonic ester (n and see).. 

Calcium acetyl elycollate 


X 










207 










X 












78, X 










Calcium pantothenate dextrorotatory 


147 










78 










Camphor (synthetic). {See table loB.) 


78, X 












147, 149 










Chloroform. {See. table 15B.) 













SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



41 



Ti^BLE 11. — Synthetic medicinals: United States production and sales in 
1940 — Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (accord- 
ing to list on p. 61) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of medicinal 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(B> (NON-COAL-TAR— continued 
Chlorothvmol . . _ _ 


147 -_ - 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Cystein hydrochloride __ _ . 


78 .. 










Desoxvcorticosterone acetate fCortate') 


196 












196 .. 










oxyl 2,R-dicarboxylie acid (Neo-iopax). 
Diureidc of Clyoxvlic acid _ _. .. _ 


1 










Ethvl chloride. (See table 15B.) 
Ethyl ether. (See table 15B.) 
o-Estradiol (Progynon DH) 


196. 






" " " 




a-Estradiol dipropionate (Progynon DP) 


196 

X 










Ethvl iodide 


69, 70, 137, 147 










Ethyl malonate (Malonic ester) 


1, 85, 106 


276, 249 








Ethyl-1-methyl butyl malonic ester 


1 








Ethyl nitrite 


81, 137, 147 


16,931 


14,350 


$9, 715 


$0.68 




X 






X 










Gallic acid . . _ ._ .. 


69, 137... ._ 










Glycerophosphorio acid and salts 


104, 149 










Hexamethylenetetramine 


62. 104 . 










Hexamethylenetetramineanhydromethy- 

lene citrate. 
Hexamethylenetetramine tetra iodide 


78, X 










X 










207 -. 










Iodoform. . _.. . . . - 


137, 147, 155 

X . 


22, 030 


22, 304 


92. 657 


4.15 


lodomethane sulfate sodium 




Lithium lactate 


114 . 












222, X, X _ . 












X 












78, X . . 










Methylene iodide 


69, 147, X ... 










Methvl iodide . . .. 


69, 70. 137, 147 

147 


3,381 


3,303 


11,616 


3.52 


2-Methyl naphthoquinone 

Methyl testosterone (Oreton M) 




196 












196 










Sodium bismuth-thioglycollate (Thiobis- 
mol). 


X 










137 — . 












137 . 










Tcr()in hydrate 


62, 102, 147 




67, 354 


21, 400 


.32 


Testosterone (Oreton-F) 


196 








190 












137, 155 










Theophylline (1,3-DimethyIxanthine) and 
derivatives: 


25, 85, 137 










Ethylenediamine (Aminophylline) 

Methyl glucamine (Glucaphylline) 


10,25,61,85,147,180, 

X, X, X. 
1 


21, 602 


10, 227 


103, 392 


10. 11' 


85, 137, X 










Thioethamyl sodium 


X . - . 










Thymol 


X, X 










Thymol iodide 


137, 147, 155 


4,910 


6,117 


20, 190 


3.30 




60, X . 




TribroTUotertiary butyl alcohol (Brometone) 
Trichloroacetic acid 


X 










60 - - 










Trichlorotertiarybutyl alcohol (Chloretone) 
(Chlorobutanol). 


25.147,X,X,X,X.. 
78 


21, 504 


7,890 


18, 246 


2.31 


Uric acid and potassium acid salt 


70 - - 










Vitamins: 

A.scorbic acid (C) 


106. 147, X 


33, 373 


26, 714 


850, 315 


31.83 


Riboflavin (G) 


147, X . . 




Thiamin chloride (Bi) 


100, 147 












106, 147 .- . - 










All other 


X 






















Total non-coal-tar medicinals: 


399, 980 
1, 845, 899 


158, 259 
1, 569, 030 


1, 127, 531 
6, 459, 749 


7.12 


tistics are shown. 




4.12 


tistics cannot be shown. 






Grand total - 


2, 245, 879 


1, 727, 289 


7, 587, 280 


4.39 









42 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



FLAVORS AND PERFUME MATERIALS 

Flavors and perfume materials of coal-tar origin were produced and 
sold in slightly greater quantities in 1940 than in 1939; those of non- 
coal-tar origin increased in production but declined somewhat in sales. 

The 1940 output of flavors and perfume materials derived from coal 
tar was 5,485,000 pounds; sales were 5,062,000 pounds valued at 
$4,751,000. Of those of non-coal-tar derivation, production was 
2,510,000 pounds and sales were 2,129,000 pounds valued at $1,925,000. 
Some increases in production were noted for anisic aldehyde, citral, 
geranyl acetate, ionone, terpineol, and heliotropin. In terms of 
quantity output, methyl salicylate is the most important member of 
this group, followed by terpineol and vanillin. In terms of value of 
sales, vanillin is the most important. Production of vanillin decreased 
in 1940 as compared with 1939, but sales increased. 

Statistics of production and sales of flavors and perfume materials 
in 1940 are shown in table 12. 



Table 12. — Synthetic flavors and perfume materials: United States production and 

sales in 1940 

:[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on 
p. 61. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification num- 
ber with the designated product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that the statistics 
of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information in regard to individual firms. 
The figures thus concealed, however, are Included in the total.] 





Manu f acturers ' 
ident iflcation 
numbers (according 
to list on p. 61) 


Produc- 
tion 




Sales 




Name of flavor or perfume material 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAR 


83, 120, X, X 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Amyl benzoate 

Amy 1 cinnamic aldehyde 

Amyl salicylate - . 


76, 79, 232, X, X 

76, 79, 120, 141, 232, 

236, 237, X, X. 
79, 141, 208, X, X, X — 
76, X 


323 

82, 307 

65, 193 


263 

77, 991 

66, 907 


$516 
107, 345 

32, 709 


$1.96 
1.38 

.49 








108 












199 










Benzophenone - - - 


83, 120, 141, X, X, X-- 
79, 120, 141, 208, X, X- 
108, 120, 141,208, X,X- 
79, 120, 141, 208, X, X.. 
76. 79,232, X, X, X--- 
79, 141, X, X 


34, 518 
246. 887 
107, 336 

78, 426 
818 


38, 269 
250, 973 
121,084 

77, 927 
590 


27, 801 
86, 894 
67, 836 
57,118 
1,161 


.73 


Benzyl acetate _ _.- 


.35 


Benzyl alcohol . . ._ 


.56 


Benzyl benzoate . . . . . 


.73 


Benzyl butvrate - - -._.-.-. 


1.97 


Benzyl cinnamate 




Benzyl eugenol 


236 










Benzyl formate 


76, 79, 141, 232, X 

76 


536 


397 


892 


2.25 








79, 236, X, X - 










Benzyl propionate 


18, 76, 79, 141, 232, 236, 

X, X, X. 
79, 83, 141, 236, X, X — 
79 


4,256 
23, 773 


3,200 
23, 381 


4,456 
29, 128 


1.39 


Benzyl salicylate --------- 


1.25 


Benzyl valerate 






141, 232, X 










Bromstyrol 


25, 141 












76 












236 












83, 232, X, X 


• 










83, 141,232, X 












141, 208, X, X 










Cinnamyl acetate 


18, 76, 79, 141,236, X— 
76 


397 


321 


1,905 


5.93 


Cinnamyl anthranilate 






76, 199, X 


45 










76, 199, X 










199 












79 










Coumarin (synthetic) 


60, 62, 145, 149 


245,688 


217, 634 


506,221 


2.33 




79, 232, X 






236 










p-Crcsvlnicl hvl ether 


79, 141, X 










p-rresyli)lienyl acetate 


76, 79, 141, 236, X - 











SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



43 



Table 12.- 



-Synthetic flavors and perfume materials: United States production and' 
sales in 1940 — Continued 





M a n u a c t u r e r s ' 
identificati o n 
numbers (according 
to list on p. 61) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of flavor or perfume material 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAR— continued 
Dimethyl acetal of phenylacetalde- 


18, 83, X.. 


Pounds 
5,479 

787 


Pounds 






hyde. 
Dimethyl anthranilate 


62, 76, 141, X 








Dimethvlbenzyl carbinoL, _. 


79,232,236 








Dimethvibenzvl carbinol acetate - 


232,236 










Dimethyl hvdr()(iuinone-__ .._ . _.. 


62, X 










Dimethylijht'iivl carbinoL. __ _ 


236 -- 










Dimethylphenvl carbinol acetate.. -. 


236 










Dinicthvlphonvl carbinol butyrate 


236 










Diphcnvhiicthane 


X -.. 










Diijhcnvl Kxide _ _ 


60, 79, X 










Ethyl anthranilate. . . . 


76, 79, 141 ... 


162 
1,831 


145 
1,635 


$652 
1,498 


$4. 50' 


Ethyl benzoate 


79, 160, X,X, X 

236 . 


.92 


Ethylbenzvl carbinol acetate. 




Ethvl cinnamate ... ........ 


79, X, X . 




453 
1,314 


1,433 
11, 083 


3.16- 


Ethvliiicthvlphenvl glycidate 


76, 199, 232, X, X, X... 
25, 141, 232 


1,611 


8. 43 


Ethvlphrnvl acetate 




Ethyl salicylate 


60, 79, X, X .- 


679 


400 


365 


.91 


Ethyl vanillin,. 


145, 149, X, X . 




p-Hydroxy benzoic acid esters (Asepto- 


X 










form). 
Isobutvl p-aminobenzoate 


122 










Isobutvl anthranilate 


79. 










lobutvl bcnzoate . 


76,232 .- 










Isobutvl cinnamate . . 


76 .- . . 










Isobutvlphcnyl acetate . .. 


76, 79, 232, X, X 










Isobutvl salicylate- 


79, X, X 










Isopropyl-o-eresol (Carvacrol) 


X 










Linalvl anthranilate. ... 


79, 236 










Linalyl benzoate ... 


236 










Linalyl cinnamate .. 


236 










Methoxy acetophenone (Novatone) 


X 










Methyl acetophenone 


79, 83, X, X 










Methyl anthranilate 


60,62,141 

79, 104, 108, 141, 160, 
232, X, X, X. 

25, 83, 141, X, X, X 

X 


42, 110 
67, 412 

14, 407 


33, 078 


56, 895 


1.72- 


Methyl benzoate .... .. ... 




Methyl cinnamate 


15, 619 


18,288 


1.17 


Methvl p-cresol 




Mothvl nafihthyl ketone 


79, 83, 141, X, X 

25, 83, 141, 232, X, X 


5,800 


7,563 


12, 751 


1.69 


Methvlphi'nvl acetate 




Methylphenyl carbinol-.- --- 


83,X 










Methylphenyl carbinyl acetate- - . . 


83,X 










Methyl salicylate 


60, 104, 149, X 


1, 641, 571 


1,486,791 


446,989 


.SO- 


Musk ambrette . . . 


141, X 




Musk ketone ... 


141, X . 










Musk xylol _ .. 


62, 141, X 




104, 032 


91, 596 


.88 


0-Naphthyl anthranilate ... 


76 






^-Naphthvl ethyl ether (Nerolin) 


83, 120 










(3-Naphthyl methyl ether (Yara yara) 


83,120 . . . 










Phenylacet acetal . . 


76 










Phenylacetic acid ... 


25, 83, 120, 232, X 

79,83,X 


11, 326 


9,910 


11,285 


1.14 


Phevnlacetic aldehyde . . 




Phenyl acetone 


83 










Phenvlethyl acetate ... 


1, 79, 120, 232, X, X 










Phenylethyl alcohol 

Phenvlethyl anthranilate... 


60, 120, 232, 237, X 

236 


193, 149 


171, 668 


327, 915 


1.91 


Phenylethyl benzoate 


232 










Phenvlethyl butyrate .... 


79 










Phenylethyl cinnamate . . . . 


236 - . 










Phenylethyl formate . ... 


18, 232, 236, X . 


140 


115 


800 


6.96- 


Phenvlethvlphenvl acetate 


79 232, X 




Phenylethyl propionate 


141, 232, 236, X 


596 


595 


2,953 


4.96- 


Phenylethyl salicylate 


62 236 




Phenylethyl valerate 


199 X 










Phenylnropyl acetate 


76. 232, 236, X 










Phenylpropyl alcohol - . 


83 










Phenylpropyl propionate . .. . 


76,232 . - 










Propyl cinnamate 


76 










Saccharin . 


149, X 










Salicvl aldehyde ... ........ 


60,62 










Styrallyl acetate 


232 










Styrallyl alcohol . . 


232 










Tolyl acetate . . 


X 








Tolyl aldehyde 


X 









44 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 12. 



^Synthetic flavors and perfume materials: United States production and 
sales in 1940 — Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identificati o n 
numbers (according 
to list on p. 61) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of flavor or perfume material 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAE— continued 
Trichlaromethvlphenyl carbinol ace- 


X 


Pounds 


Pounds 






tate (Rosetone). 
Vanillin _. 


145, 149, 195, X, X 

236 


576, 708 


619, 407 


$1, 249, 459 


$2.02 


Other 
















Total coal-tar flavors and per- 
fume materials: 
Those for which individual 




3, 454, 270 
2, 030, 335 


3, 331, 662 
1, 730, 219 


3, 157, 944 
1, 592, 822 


.95 


statistics are shown 
Those for which individual 




.92 


statistics cannot be shown. 






Grand total - . - 




5, 484, 605 


5, 061, 881 


4, 750, 766 


04 








(B) NON-'COAL-TAR 

Acetates: 

C 9 


76 










C 10 ._ 


76 










C 12 


62,76,X 










Acetvl propionyl 


236 










Aldehydes: 

C 6 (Hexyl) 


236 










7 (Heptyl) 


76, 151, X 










C 8 (Octyl) 


X 










C 9 (Nonyl) 


X 










'C 10 (Decyl) 


232,236, X - - 










C 12 (Duodccvl) 


236, X . . . 










C 14 (Tetradecyl) 


236 










C 16 (Hexadecyl) 


236,X 










Allyl caproate, _ 


76, 79, 199, 232, X, X, X. 
76 


1,605 








Allvl propionate . . . . . 








Amvl butvrate. ..... ....... 


7fi, X 










Amyl caproate 


199 










Amvl formate .. 


76, X 










Anethol.-- - 


153,X,X,X 










Anisic aldehvde (Aubepine)... 


18,62, X,X,X . - 


42, 218 


32, 101 


77, 133 


2.40 


Bornvl acetate _ 


76 




-n-Butvl butyrate 


76, 79, 81, 160, X 




106 


87 


.82 


Butyl isovalerate - . .. 


76 






Caprone . 


236 










Capryl butyric acid 


79 . - 










Capryl butyric ether . 


79 










Cedryl acetate 


232, 236 










Cetyl alcohol 


62, 236, X 










Citral 

Citral acetate-- .-. .. 


34, 62. 76, 133, 232, 236, 

x,x,x,x,x. 

236 


39, 930 


32, 151 


51,890 


1.61 


Citral citron (synthetic) 


236 










Citronellal .. 


18, 76, 141, 226, 232, 

236, X, X. 
62, 83, 141, 232, 236, X, 

X. 
79,236 










Citronellol 

Citronellyl acetate 


53, 633 


51, 779 


76, 947 


1.49 


Citronellyl propionate 


232 .. ... 












236 










Cyclo-ijeraniol - . . 


236 












236 










Diacetyl 


25,69,236 










Dibutvl carbinol 


199 












78, 199 












79 










Dihvdroxv citronellic ketone 


79 .. 










Dimethyl octanol .. . 


199, 222 










Dimethyl ortanyl acetate .. 


236 










Ethyl amyl ketone . 


236 










Ethyl butyrate .__ 


76, 81, 160, X, X 

76. 160,X 

160, X, X . 


50, 291 
427 


47, 668 


29, 649 


.62 






Ethyl isovalerate 








Ethyl laurate 


122, X 










Ethyl mvristate .... 


122, 199 










Ethyl oenanthate 


76, 79, 160, 232, X.X.... 
76, 79, 133, X 


5,937 
15. 224 


4,529 
12,910 


3,272 

8,834 


.72 


Ethyl oxyhydrate : 


.68 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



45 



Table 12. — Synthetic flavors and perfume materials: United States production and 

sales in 1940 — Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identificati o n 
numbers (according 
to list on p. 61) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of flavor or perfume material 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(B) NON-COAL-TAE— continued 
Ethyl pelargonate. 


34.76, 232, X 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Ethyl sebacate. .. ._ ..- .- . 


76,X 










Ethyl n- valerate -. - - 


79 










Eugenyl acetate - 


236 












236 -._ 










Formate: C 12 .. 


76 












18, 62, 76, 83, 141, 199, 
222, 226, 232, 236, X, 

x,x,x,x. 

18, 62, 76, 79, 83, 141, 

222, 232, 236, X. 
76, 79, 236, X 


306, 435 
28, 150 


275, 772 
26, 396 


$220, 432 
30, 198 


$0.80 




1.14 


Geranyl butvrate . . . . 




Geranyl fortnate ._ - - 


76,79, 236, X 


59 










76 












76,X 












76 












x,x,x 


34, 132 








Hydrotropvl acetate 


232 








Hydroxy citronellal . 


18, 62, 199, X 




"' 






Eydroxy citronellal dimethyl acetal .. 


199, X 










Hydroxy dimethylacetal. 


62 _ 












62, 141, 145, 199, 232, 

237,X,X,X. 
79,81, 160, X 


82, 568 


74, 739 
6,469 


155, 740 
4,642 


2.08 




.72 


Isoamvl caproate.- . -- . 


76 








79 160, X 


489 


309 


211 


.68 




76, 81, 160, X, X 




Isoainyl propionate 


81,X 












62 












62 












76,79,160 .. . . 












76,79 - 












76 










Isoeusenol .. . - - 


76,236,X,X,X,X 

X 


25, 248 


















76 . 










Isopropvl pelargonate 


76 - 












62, 83, 222, 236, X 




2,197 


1,924 


.88 




236 








232 -- 












18, 76, 79, 199, 232, 236, 

x,x,x. 

236,X,X 


24, 248 


21, 017 


65, 647 


3.12 








76, 79, 236, X, X 

232 X 


63 


44 


206 


4.68 


X/inalyl propionate 




Menthone 


79,141,222,236 












76,236,X,X 

141 


378 








Methyl heptin carbonate 








Methyl ionone - 


62, 145, 232, 236, 237, 

x,x,x. 

76,236,X,X 


61, 157 
847 


60,949 


136, 306 


2.24 






Methvl nonvl acetaldehyde. 


236 










236 










Nonalactone .. -. - 


X 












X 












236 










Pelargonic acid 


76 










Peppermint oil (synthetic) 


160 












76 










Rhodinol 


18, 62, 76, 79, 133, 226, 
232, 236, X, X, X, 
X,X. 

18,76,236 


9,967 


9,366 


127, 176 


13.58 






Rhodinyl acetate - - 


18, 76, 236 










Santalal ... 


236 










Santalvl acetate . -. ... 


76,X 










Shiu oil acetate 


232, X 










Terpineol 


62, 76, 153, X 


766, 705 


771, 247 


157,490 


.20 


Terpinolene.. --- . .. .. 


62,X 




Terpinvl acetate 


18, 62, 76, 236, X, X, X. 
X 










Tributyrin . 










Undecalactone 


76, 232, X, X, X, X 


734 


498 


2,840 


5.70 


Vanillin. (See coal-tar, p. 44.) 





46 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 12. 



-Synthetic flavors and perfume materials: United States production and 
sales in 1940 — Continued 





M a n u f acturers ' 
identification 
numbers (according 
to list on p. 61) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of flavor or perfume material 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(B) NON-COAL-TAR— continued 
Vertiverol acetate 


18, 76, 232, 236, X, X, 

X. 
236,X 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Vcrtivert acetate 










Otlier 


76,236 --_ 






















Total non-coal-tar flavors and 
perfume materials: 
Those for which individual 
statistics are shown. 


1, 550, 445 
959, 588 


1, 430, 247 
698, 947 


$1, 150, 624 
774, 632 


$0.80 

1. n 


statistics cannot be shown. 






Grand total 


2, 510, 033 


2, 129, 194 


1, 925, 256 


.90 









SYNTHETIC RESINS 

The production of synthetic resins is of current interest because of 
the demand for resins and plastic materials in national defense. The 
output of coal-tar resins in 1940 was the largest on record, amounting 
to 222,943,000 pounds, which is 24 percent greater than the former 
peak output of 179,338,000 pounds in 1939; non-coal-tar resin pro- 
duction reached a high of 53,871,000, or 60 percent more than the out- 
put of 33,690,000 pounds in 1939. 

Of the alkyd resins, the maleic anhydride resins were produced in 
slightly greater quantity, but the phthalic anhydride resin increased 
from 70,208,000 pounds to 91,446,000, or about 30 percent. The 
amount of cresol or cresylic acid resins produced in 1940 was slightly 
more than in 1939. Phenolic resins for molding increased in output 
from 19,422,000 pounds to 26,418,000, or 36 percent, while those for 
casting decreased from 8,517,000 pounds to 6,953,000 pounds. 

The average value of coal-tar resins advanced 4 cents per pound in 
1940, or 22 percent over 1939. Non-coal-tar resins advanced 9 cents 
per pound, or 19.5 percent in the same period. The output of urea 
increased from 16,569,000 in 1939 to 21,492,000 pounds in 1940. 

Some of the increased demand for resins in 1940 was stimulated by 
war purchases, but the larger portion was due to increased busmess 
activity in general. 

Statistics of production and sales of synthetic resins in 1940 are 
shown in table 13. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



47 



Table 13. — Synthetic resins: United States production and sales in 1940 

[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on 
p. 61. An X sisnifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification num- 
hi'T with the designated product. Blanks in the third, fouith, and fifth columns indicate that the statis- 
tics of production or sales cannot be published without revealins information in regard to individual firms. 
The figures thus concealed, however, arc included in the total.] 





Manufacturers' identifica- 
tion numbers (according to 
list on p. 61) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of resin 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAR 

Alkyd: 

Maleic anhydride 

Phthalic anhydride 

Coumarone and indene . 


7, 102, 118, 130, 140, X,X,X, 
X, X,X,X, X. X. 

7,12,62,90, 103, 118, le.-^, 176, 
186, 189, 231, X, X, X, X, 
X, X,X, X, X, X, X, X, 
X, X, X, X, X, X, X, X, 
X, X, X. 

22, 152, 169 


Pounds 
6, 476, 883 

91, 446, 195 
24, 131, 733 


Pof/nds 

5,418,875 

42, 400, 005 
22, 976, 705 


$1, 008, 8.35 
7, 774, 730 

1, 576, 907 


$0.19 
.18 

.07 


Polystyrene -_ - 


60.x . 






149 . 










Tar acids: 

Cresols or cresylic acid 


64, 90, 187, 190, X, X, X, X, 
X, X, X, X, X. 

39, 103, 116, 125, 1.38. 149, X.. 
49, 52. 64, 90, 149, 187, 190, 

X X X X X 
7, 64*, 90,'lO3', 130, 186, 189, 190, 

225, X,X,X, X, X, X,X, 

X, X, X, X. 
90, 1.36, 189, X, X, X, X, X . 
X _ - 


11,978,763 

6, 9.53. 103 
26, 417, 693 

26, 957, 636 
21, 126, 005 








Phenol: 

For casting 


6, 696, 008 
25,117,472 

24, 234, 563 


3, 175, 589 
7, 869, 678 

4, 822, 729 


.47 


For molding _ _ 


.31 


For other uses 

Phenols and cresols 


.20 


Terpenes and phenols 








Xylenols . _._ 


X, X, X . _. 










Xylenols and cresols _ . 


00, X, X, X - - 










Other 


X . 










Other hydrocarbon resins .. 


62 






















Total coal-tar resins . 


222, 913, 118 


153, 520, 805 


3,3, 378, 406 


.22 




102, X ... 




(B) NON-COAL-TAR 

Abietie acid -. __ 










Acrylic acid esters 


62, X, X - 










Melamac _ 


X . 










Petroleum 


X, X 










Polyamide .. -_ _ . 


62 _. 










Poly vinvl alcohol .. 


62 










Sebacic acid.. - 


X-. .. 










Terpenes 


169, X 










Urea - __ . 


7, 62, 103, 186, 189, X, X, X, 

X. 
X 


21, 491, 653 


19, 300. 685 


7, 445, 483 


.39 


Urea and thiourea.. _._ 




Vinyl acetal and vinyl 


62, X . 










butyral. 
Vinvl acetate and chloride . _ 


37, 60, 62, 92, X 










Vinvlidine chloride polymer 


60 










Other . _ 


90 






















Total non-coal-tar resins. 


53, 871, 245 


47, 578, 845 


25, 989, 933 


.55 











48 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



RUBBER CHEMICALS 

Synthetic organic chemicals used in compounding rubber are 
responsible in no minor degree for the improved quality of rubber 
products, particularly tires. The amount and kind of chemicals used 
in compounding rubber depends on the individual rubber manufac- 
turer. With increased manufacture of rubber products, the use of 
synthetic organic chemicals has also greatly increased. Rubber 
chemicals derived from coal tar show an increase in production from 
29,966,000 pounds in 1939 to 37,139,000 pounds in 1940, and those of 
non-coal-tar origin from 13,122,000 pounds to 16,915,000 pounds. 
Accelerators and antioxidants are the principal rubber chemicals. 
Of these, accelerators of coal-tar origin increased 38 percent in produc- 
tion and antioxidants 14 percent, and accelerators of non-coal-tar 
origin 29 percent. 

Statistics of production and sales of rubber chemicals are shown in 
table 14. 



Table 14. — Synthetic rubber chemicals: United States production and sales in 

1940 

[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on 
p. 61. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his ilentifieatioa number 
with the designated product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that the statistics 
of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information in regard to individual firms. 
The figures thus concealed, however, are included in the total.] 





Manufacturers 
identification 

numbers 
(according to 
list on p. 61) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(a) coal-tar 




Pounds 
16,736,874 


Pounds 
12, 998, 019 


$6, 370, 558 


$0. 49- 




62,149,151 




Aldehyde-amines: 

Acetaldehyde aniline -- 










Butyraldehvdo aniline 


62,92,149,151.. 
X 


482, 964 








Crotilidinc aniline 








Etiivl ^-propvlacrvl aniline 


42 










Heptaldehyde aniline- 


151 










Methylene aniline (anhydroformalde- 


62,149 










hyde aniline). 
other: 

Aminobenzothiazole 


92 










Benzal diraethvldithiocarbamate 


X .. - 










Benzothiazole thiobenzoate 


149 . 










Benzothiazvl disulfide 


X,X,X . . 










Benzothiazvl-ethvl-thiocarbonate 


X 












149 










melthylcyclohcxylainiiKv 
Carbon disulfide on methylene dipip- 


149 










eridine. 
p-p'Diaminodiphenvlmethane 


X 












149 












149 










phenylguanidinc jihthalate and an- 
hydroformaldeliyde aniline. 


151-. 












X . 










thiocarbamate. 
Dimethylethylenediphenyldith io- 


42 










carbamate lead salt 
Dinitrophcnylbenzothiazyl sulfide 

plus diphenylguanidine acetate. 
Dinitrophcnyl dimethyldithiocarba- 

mate. 
Dinitrophcnyl ester of mercaptoben- 

zothiazole. 
Diphenylcarbamyldimethyldithiocar- 

bamate. 


149 










X 










149 .. 










X 










7,60,62,149..-. 
149 


1, 448, 504 


1, 279, 701 


427, 086 


.33 


Diphenylguanidine acetate - . . 





SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



49 



Table 14. — Synthetic rubber chemicals: United States production and sales in 

1940— Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification 

nun bers 
(according to 
list on p. 61) 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


. Name of chemical 


Quantity 
Pounds 


Value 


TTnit 
value' 


(A) COAL-TAR— continued 

Accelerators— Continued. 
Other — Continued. 

Diplienvlguanidine and dinitrophenyl 


149 


Pounds 






ester of mercaptobenzoihiazole. 
Diphenvlguanidine oxalate 


X 










Diphenylguanidine phthalate. .. 


149,151 










Diphenylguanidine phthalate-di- 


149 










phonylguanidine acetate and iner- 
captobenzothiazole disulfide. 
Diphenvlguanidine phthalate, di- 


149 










phenylguanidine and dinitrophenyl 
ester of mereaptobenzothiazole. 
Di-o-tolvlguanidine -_ ._ ... 


62, X 










Di-o-tolyl thiourea 


62 










5-E thoxy-2-mercaptobenzothiazole 


X 










Hexamethylenetotramine ester of mer- 


149 










eaptobenzothiazole. 
Mereaptobenzothiazole 


]49,151,X, X._ 
62 


5, 438, 933 








Mereaptobenzothiazole on benzyl chlo- 








ride addition of hexamethylenetet- 
ramine. 
Mereaptobenzothiazole cyclohexyla- 


149 










mine. 
Mereaptobenzothiazole lead salt 


62 










Mereaptobenzothiazole methylene ani- 


X 










line. 
Mereaptobenzothiazole methylene-o- 


X 










toluidine. 
Mereaptobenzothiazole sodium salt 


149, X 










Mereaptobenzothiazole zinc salt 


62, 151, X 










Methylene mereaptobenzothiazole ... 


149 










Methylene-p-toluidine (anhydroform- 


62 










aldehyde-p-toluidine) . 
Piperidine penta methylene dithio- 


62, 151 










earbamate and potassium salt. 
Reaction product, mereaptobenzothia- 
zole - formaldehyde - cresylic acid - 
hexamethvlenetetramine -- _. 


X 










Thiocarbanilide 


62,149,150 

150 .- 


404, 838 








Thiocarbtoluide.-- .. 








Triphenylguanidine __ _ 


150 .. 










Tris-(diphenyldithiocarbamyl methyl) 


92 










amine. 
Urea butyraldehyde aniline 


X 






















Antioxidants, total . . 


20, 402, 520 


15, 026, 750 


$7, 229, 202 


$0 48 




X .. . ... 




Acetaldehyde aniline i..-- 










p-Aminodiphenyl acetone compound 


149 










Aniline-acetone - 


149 










Aniline-acetone, acid derivatives ._ .. 


149 










Aniline-^-naphthol 


62 










Antox,.- 


62 










Crotonvlidine-a-naphthvlamine 


92 










2,4-Diaminodiphenvlamine 


149 










/S-Di-p-hydroxy phenvlpropane 


60,X 










Dimethoxy diphenylamine. 


62 










Diphenylamine acetone- - 


X 










Diphenylamine acetone formaldehyde -- 


X .. -- . 










Diphenyl ethvlenediamine 


42 










s-Di (j3-naphthol) p-phenylenediamine 


92 










Diphenyl-p-phenylenediamine - 


62,92,151 

149 


1, 281, 841 








Diphenyl-p-phenvlenediamine and p-ami- 








nodiphenyl acetone compound. 
Diphenyl-p-phenylenediamine and aniline 


149 










acetone, acid derivatives. 
Ditolvlamines- 


92 










Di-o-tolvlethylenediamine - 


42 - .- 










Di-o-tolylguanidine salt |of dicatechol bo- 


62 










rate. 
p-Hydroxy diphenylamine . - .. 


62,92 - 










Hydroxyhenyl morpholine 


62 










Isopropoxy diphenylamine . --- 


92 










Methylene-di-/3-naphthol _- -_ 


X 










p - Methyl - p - (p - tolylsulfonylamino) di- 


X 










phenylamine. 













50 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COIMMISSION 



Table 14.- — Synthetic rubbe?- chemicals: United States production and sales in 

1940 — Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification 

numbers 
(according to 
list on p. 61) 

X 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAR— continued 
Antioxidants — Continued. 


Pounds 


Pounds 




chloride and hydroeenated o-toluidine. 
Mono benzvl ether of hvdroquinone . . .. 


92 













149 












62 










Phenyl-/3-naphthvlaniine 


62, 87, 92 










Phenvl-^-naphthvlamine acetone 


X 












X 










Polyethylene iiolvamine plus /9-naphthol 


X 










Thiophenyl-^-naphthvlamine 


X - 










2,2,4- Trimethyldihydroquinoline and 


92 _. 










polymers. 












Total coal-tar rubber chemicals - -- 


37, 139, 394 


28. 024, 769 


$13, 599, 760 


$0.49 




62,149 .. 




(B) NON-COAL-TAR 

Accelerators: 

Aldehyde ammonia 












92 










Diiiethvlaminodimethvldithiocarbamic 


149 










acid zinc salt. 
Dipenta methylene thiouramtetrasulflde.- 
Dithiocarbaraates: 


62 










X 












X 












62 










Lead dimethyl . -. 


246 










Selenium diethyl 


246 












246 












246 












246, X,X 

X,X 


51, 775 


















62 












62 












X 










Tetrabu^vlfhiouram monosulfide . 


X 












246 










Tetramethylthiouram sulfide and disulfide^ 
Triethyltrimetheylenetriamine 

Xanthates: 


62, 149, 151, X_. 
X 


567, 517 


433, 397 


935, 328 


2.16 


149 










Di-n-butylxantho disulfide 


X 










60, 149 












60, X . 












60,149 












60, X 












60 












X 












60 












X, X 
























16, 915, 139 


15, 353, 009 


3,747,437 


.24 









MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals include all chemicals not 
classified under specific groups. Among those derived from coal tar, 
the plasticizers are the most important in terms of quantity. In 1939 
the production of plasticizers — chiefly phthalates — was 23,839,000 
pounds, and in 1940, 28,429,000 pounds. Coal-tar textile chemicals 
increased in output from 9,452,000 pounds in 1939 to 13,176,000 
pounds in 1940, or 39 percent. The production of all miscellaneous 
coal-tar chemicals increased in 1940, as compared with 1939, by 
32 percent, but sales increased only about 9 percent. The heter- 
ogeneous nature of the products composing these groups makes a 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



51 



comparison of group totals of little signiiicance, although individual 
commodities in the group are comparable. 

The non-coal-tar group of miscellaneous chemicals are chiefly sol- 
vents, raw materials for the manufacture of chemical products, and 
other chemicals used in industry. The output of these chemicals in 
1940 was an increase of nearly 1,000,000,000 pounds, or 29.3 percent 
above that of 1939, that is, from 2,984,000,000 pounds to 3,858,000,000 
pounds. Sales increased proportionately but amounted to less than 
50 percent of the production in 1940, the remainder of the output 
being used by producers in further processing. Among non-coal-tar 
chemicals of this group, acetic acid production increased by 56 percent 
in 1940; butyl alcohol, 30 percent; carbon tetrachloride, 11 percent; 
formaldehyde, 35 percent; isopropyl alcohol, 23 percent; and sales of 
synthetic methanol increased 17 percent. 

A large part of the total production of miscellaneous non-coal-tar 
products cannot be shown by separate items without disclosing the 
operations of individual companies. Among such chemicals produced 
m 1940 are camphor, ethylene glycol, tetraethyl lead, some of the 
halogen derivatives of aliphatic hydrocarbons, urea, and many other 
important industrial chemicals. 

Statistics of production and sales of miscellaneous synthetic organic 
chemicals are shown in table 15, 



Table 1.5. — JMiscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals: United States production 

and sales in 1940 

[The numbers in the second column refer to the numbered alphabetical list of manufacturers printed on 
p. 61 . An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number 
with the desienated product. Blanks in the third, fourth, and fifth columns indicate that the statistics 
of production or sales cannot be published without revealing information in regard to individual firms. 
The figures thus coacealed, however, are included in the total.] 





Manufacturers' 
identification 
numbers (accord- 
ing to list on p. 61) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAR 

Amino diethyl hvdroquinone .. . , . 


X 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Benzoate of ammonia 


108, 149, X - 










Benzoate of soda 


38, 42, 62, 108, 149 












69 












X 










Benzylated phenol (Santophens) 


149 . 










Biological stains and chemical indica- 
tors. 
Butyl catechol 


69, 78, 101, 128, 150, 

X,X,X. 
149 


9,648 


8,585 


$98,020 


$11.42 


Cyclanol 


62 










Cvclohexane.._ . . 


22,60,62 










Cyclohexanone 


22,62 












22,62, X 










Cyclohexyl phosphite 


22 










Decahvdronaphthalene (Decalin) 


62 










DiamvlhvdroQuinone 


149 . 












X 










Diphenvlthiocarbazone 


69 










Gases (poisonous, tear, etc.), total 




91, 633 


104, 557 


106, 868 


1.02 




75, X 






60,X, X . . 










Diphenyl chlorarsine. ._. .._ 


X 










Diphenvlamine chlorarsine 


X 












62 










Insecticides, total _._ _. . _ ... . _._ 






287, 510 


77, 452 


.27 


Benzyl thiocyanate 


108 






Phenothiazin ... 


60 










Xanthone.. .. 


89 










other 


215 











52 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 15. 



-Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals: United States production 
and sales in 1940 — Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according 
to list on p. 61) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAR— continued 
Lauryl pyridinium chloride.. 


108 


Pounds 


Pounds 






Methyl cyclohexane . 


22 










Methyl cyclohexanol (methyl hexalin) . 


22,62,108 












22,62,X 




25,696 


$13, 040 


$0 61 


Mono methyl hvdroquinone 


X 






Naphthalene acetic acid _,_ 


X 










Naphthanil red for printing 


62 










Naphthanil scarlet for printing 


62 










Nitrosophenyl hydroxylamine (Cup- 


69 










ferron). 
n-Phenyl acetate _. _ _. _ _ 


78.-- 










o-Phenyl mercaptobenzothiazole 


149- 










Phenylmercuric acetate. 


96 










Phcnylmercuric chloride... 


96- 










Phloroglucinol . 


70 . 










Photographic chemicals, total . 




i, 747, 445 


1,196,508 


1,323,002 


1.11 


p-Aminophenol sulfate 


70 . 




Benztriazol . 


70 










Catechol (Pvrocatechin) 


70, 149, X 


. .. . 








Chloro hydroquinone 


248 










Diaminophenol hydrochloride 


237 --.. 










(Amidol). 


38, 62. 69, 237, 248, 

X. 
62, 69, 70, X ... 


1, 288, 647 


935, 719 

3,003 
233, 371 


761, 748 

8,603 
499, 364 


.81 


p-Hydroxy phenylglycine . . 


2.86 


Methyl p-aminophenol sulfate 
(Metol) (Rhodol). 
Phthalonicacid .- . .. 


62,69,237,248, X.-- 
70 


330, 952 


2.14 


Plasticizers, total _. _. 




28, 428, 530 


21,460,328 


4, 543, 433 


.21 


/3-Chloro-0'-(2-xenoxy) diethyl ether 


60 




Di (p-tert-hntyl phenyl) mono 


60 










phenyl phosphate. 
Di (p-teH butyl phenyl) mono- 


60 










(b-tert butyl 2-xenyI) phosphate. 
Di (o-chloro phenyl) mono phenyl 


60 










phosphate. 
Di (o-xenyl) mono phenyl phos- 


60 










phate. 
Ethyl ortho-para-toluene sulfona- 


149 










mide (Santicizer 8). 
Isopropyl benzene 


60 










Phthalates, total. 




18, 727, 424 


12, 765, 297 


2, 532, 705 


.20 


C.arbitol _ 


X -. 




Castor oil.. ... .. .. 


62 










Diamvl.-- - .- 


120. 230... 










Dibutoxy ethyl 


62,163 










Dibutyl 

Dicyclohexyl ... 


7, 54, 62, 120, 149, 

230. 
62 


8, 799, 528 


5, 506, 098 


947. 658 


.17 


Diethoxy ethyl __. _. . 


163 










Diethyl 


7, -H 120, 149,230, X 
62 . - 


2, 306, 063 


1,869,683 


333, 167 


.18 


Di lorol 




Dimethoxv ethyl . . 


62,163 










Dimethyl 


7, 54, 120, 149, 230, X 

62 .... .. -- _ 










Dimethyl cyclohexyl 










Diphcnyl... ._. 


149.. 










2-F,thvlhexyl _ 


163 










High boiling alcohols 


62 










Hydroeenated castor oil 


62 










Isobutyl.. ... ... ._ 


62 










Lorol butyl .... 


62 










Mannitan 


19 










Potas.sium butyl . ._ 


62 . - 










Sodium hutvl 


62 










Phthaly] slvcollate 


149 










Toluene sulfonamide ortho-para 


149 










mixture (Santicizer 9). 
Tri tert hntvlphonyl phosphate 


60 










Tricres\i]ih"ns|)hato .. . 


40, 149, 163, X 










Triphenvlphosphate... . .. 


60, 149, X 










Quinhvdrone ........ 


38,69, 147 










Quinone _.. . ... . 


248. X 










Research chemicals 


33,09,78 











' Photographic grade only. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



53 



Table 15. — Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals: United States production 
and sales in 1940 — Continued 





Manufacturers' 
dentification num- 
bers (according 
to list on p. 61) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(A) COAL-TAR— continued 
Sodium diercsyldithiophosphate 


X 


Pounds 


Pounds 






69 












7, 22, 45 87, 1'19, 










Tetrahy dronaphthalene (Tetralin) 


150, X,X. 
62 -. — - 










149 












6,7,41,62,87, 149, 

150,215,X,X. 
69 


13, 175, 777 


12, 751, 293 


$2, 792, 779 


$0.22 






Tin sulfurized tri wax phenolate 


149 










149 












X - . 










Other - - 


148, X 






















Total miscellaneous coal - tar 
chemicals; 
Those for which individual 


25,910,615 
66-112,67.1 


21, 333, 448 
39,910,970 


5, 454, 379 
7, 780, 241 


.26 


statistics are shown. 




.19 


statistics cannot be shown. 








92, 023, 290 


61, 244, 418 


13, 234. 620 


.22 




102 




(b) non-coal tar 












37, 156,X,X 

156 . 


201, 484, 831 








Acetaldol (Aldol) 










156 












37, 54, 156, 230, X, 
X, X. 

37 X X 


186, 364, 384 








Acetic anhydride (from all sources) 
(100 percent). 








87, 105, X 










Acetone - - 


37,54,181,205,230.- 
147, 156 .-- --- 


201, 506, 331 


121, 172, 975 


5, 571, 188 


.05 








37 - - 












89 108, X 












60 X 










AUyl alcohol 


70.205 - 












60.69.70 












70 205 










AUyl isothiocyanate (synthetic mus- 


70 X 










238 














1,969,441 


1,746,288 


927, 962 


.53 


Allyl 


70 






202 










Butyl: 


202 - 












62 












37 










Ethyl: 


202 










Di 


202,246 










Methyl: 


54 62, X 










Tri 


62 X 












X 












89 137 












X 












X 










Amyl acetate: 


54, 181, 202, 230 












81, 122. 160,X,X_.- 
202, 230 


194, 757 








Amyl alcohol: 










X 










Tertiary (100 percent) 


X . 












62, 81, X, X 












202 












202 












202 - . 










Butadiene 


37, 60, 205, X 


1 369,085 


) 276, 554 


98,363 


.36 



54 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 15. — Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals: United States production 
and sales in 1940 — Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according 
to list on p. 61) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(B) NON-COAL-TAR— continued 




Pounds 
86,721,057 


Pounds 
78, 864, 644 
74, 457, 452 


$5, 903, 842 
5, 624, 323 


$0.07 




37, 54, 78, 149, 181, 

230. 
205, X 


.08 










62 












.54 










Butyl alcohol, total 




164, 568, 813 
100, 412, 850 


61,313,850 
54, 434, 432 


4, 621, 665 
4, 200, 248 


.08 




37,54,181,230 

205, X 


.08 






Tertiary (100 percent) 


205 . - . 












37,62 












37,X 












1,60.69,70,78 

60, X 


4,205 


















60 












202 












54 












54 










Butyl propionate (100 percent) 


81, 230 










37, 160, X - 












37,X 












108 












145, 149 












9,204 












33 . . .. 












62 












1 










Camphor (see Plasticizers). 
n-Caproicacid _. ^ 


37, 137, 160 










60. 158, 224, 243, X, 

X. 
108, 157 


100,811,330 


79, 674, 547 


3, 093, 415 


.04 








24,60 










Chloroacotic acid (mono, di, tri) 


60 










X 












60 










Chloroform (tech and USP) 


24,32,60,62 

47, 147, X-- 


3, 078, 521 


2, 226, 952 


415, 560 


.19 


Citric acid, refined (fermentation) 




204 












37,156 












156 












25 












137 












37,54,149,205 

37,54 


4,671,512 


2, 832, 591 


225, 275 


.08 








124 - 












37,60 












37 












37 












124 - 












124 . 












X 












X 












37 












37 












37,202 












230 -. 












37, 60, 230 










Diethyleno glycol diethyl ether.. 

Diethylcnc glycol dipropionate 

Diethylene glycol monobutyl ether 

Diethylene glycol monobutyl ether 

acetate. 

Diethylene glycol monoethyl ether 

Diethylene glycol monoethyl ether 

acetate. 
Diethylene glycol monomethyl ether.. 
Diethylene oxide (dioxan) 


37 










163 










37 










37 










37 










37 










37 










37 










27, 37 












37 












X, X 












X 












X -- 










Diisobutyl ketone 


37--.. 











SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



55 



'Table 15. — Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals: United States production 
and salts in 1940 — Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according 
to list on p. 61) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(B) NON-COAL-TAR— continued 


62 


Pounds 


Pou nds 








62 












62 












69, X 










Dimethyl sulfate 


62 - - 










Dipropylene glycol 


37 - - 










Dulcitol - - 


19 












62, 205 . 












78, X 










Ethyl acetate (85 percent) - - 


37, 54, 62, 81, 149, 
181, 230, X, X, 
X. 

37, 230 .. 


75, 368, 803 


60, 632, 757 


$3, 571, 439 


$0.06 








37, 62 .. - 










Ethyl benzoyl acetate . 


230 










Ethyl bromide 


1, 60 










Ethyl bromo acetate 


60 










Ethyl butyl alcohol 


37 












37 










Ethyl chloride (tech and USP) - - 


60, 62, 73, 86 












230 










Ethyl cvanoacetate 


25 










Ethylene chlorohydrin 


37 










Ethylenediamine (med and tech) 


27, 37 










Ethylene dibromide 


60, 72, 243 












37, 60 - - 












37,60,62, 230, X.-- 










Ethylene glycol diacetate _ . _. 


37 










Ethylene glycol diethyl ether 


37 










Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether 


37 












163 










arate (butoxy ethyl stearate). 

Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether 

Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether 


37 










37 










acetate. 


37 










Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether 

acetate. 
Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether 


37 










163 










oleate (methoxy ethyl oleate). 


37 












37, 60 










Ethyl ether (tech, USP and absolute) 


37, 137, 147, 213, 

230, X. 
54, 79, 81, 137, 160, 

230, X, X. 
37 










Ethyl formate 






















37 - . . _. 












37 










o-Ethylhexyl acetate 


37 












X 










Ethyl lactate 


X 












25 .... 












137 










Ethyl monochloro acetate 


76 










Ethyl oleate 


122 












25 81 230 












62, 76, 81, 230, X, 

X. 
37 










Ethyl silicate 










Fatty acids (synthetic) 


108 . . . - 












62 










8 carbon atoms) . 


1.53 . . 










Ferrous lactate 


137 204 










Formaldehyde (40 percent)-. .. . . 


40,62, 104, X 

62 


180, 884, 573 


107, 999, 713 


4, 558. 666 


.04 






Formic acid (90 percent) 


62. 238 










Fumaric acid 


150 










Eurfural and derivatives: 


185 










Furfuryl alcohol 


185, X 












185 - - 












185 










Tetrahvdrofurfuryl alcohol 


185, X 











56 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 15. — Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals: United States production 
and sales in 1940 — Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according 
to list on p. 61) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(B) NON-roAL-TAR— continued 
Gallic acid, tech .. 


69,137,248 

X 


Pounds 
213,511 


Pounds 






Gluconic acid Ccriide) ._ 








Olvcerin chlorohydrin . 


X 










Glycerin dichlorohydrin 


205 










Glycerin monochlorohydrin 


205 










Glyceryl distearate._ 


122. 










Glj'ceryl monomyristate.._ _. _. 


122 










Glyceryl monostearate 

Glyceryl trihvdroxy stearate . 


122,215,X,X,X... 
62 


172, 610 


159,973 


$40, 155 


$0. 25 


Glycol bori-borate_.. 


X 










Glycol diformate 


37 










Glycol stearate. . . . 


122, X 










Olycolicaeid .._ 


37 










Guanidine nitrate. _ 


X 










Guanvl-nitrosamine-suanyl-tetrazene. . 


X 










Heptadecanol _. _ _ . _. 


37 .. . 










Heptane- .._ _. ... 


37 ... ... 










Hexachloroethane 


60 











Hexaldehvde.. .. 


37 










Hexamethylenetetramine, tech.. 


62,101 










Hexvl acetate (sec) . _ .. .. 


62 . . 










Hexyl alcohol (n and sec) 


37 










Hexvl ether .. .. 


37 










Higher alcohols (containing more than 


62, X.. 










■■> carbon atoms;. 
Higher ketones .. _ 


62 .. . 










Higher methacrylates (above methyl). 


62 










Hydrazine hydrate. ... 


70 










Hydrazine sulfate 


70 










Hydrocarbons (high boiling) 


62 










Hydroxy acetic acid .. 


62 








- 


Hydroxyethyl ethylenediamine 


37 










Hydroxylamine hydrochloride 


X 










Insecticides ... . 


120, 230, X 










Isobutyl propionate ... . 


62 










Isobutyraldehvde ..... ... 


62 










Isobntyric acid... .. 


62 










Isophorone . 


37 . - . 










Isoprene and piperylene 


X 










Isopropanolaniines . 


37 










Isopropyl acetate ....... 


37, X 










Isopropyl alcohol (Isopropanol). 


37, 205, X 


219,925,900 


39, 673, 760 


1, 563, 541 


.04 


Isopropyl bromide 


60 




Isopropyl chloride . . 


108 










Isopropyl ether . . . . . 


37, 205, X 




814,449 
1, 492, 301 


32, 040 
309, 324 


.04 


Lactic acid: 

Edible (100 percent). 


9,15,48,62,204 




.21 


Medicinal (100 percent)... 


15.62 






Technics] (100 percent) 

Laurylamine and hydrochloride .. .. 


9,15,48,62,204 

62 


1, 869, 365 


1, 671, 237 


212, 276 


.13 


Magnesium lactate... . 


204 ... 










Malonic acid 


X 










Mannitan borates . _ . 


19 — . 












19 ._ .. 










Mannitan oleates.. ... 


19 










Mannitan palmitates.. .. .. 


19 ... 










Mannitan stearates .. 


19.. 










Mannitol ... . . - .. 


19 ... - . . 










Melamine 


X 




. . 






Mesityl oxide 


37, 54, 205 










Methacrylic acid .. .. 


62 










Methallyl chloride 


205 










Methanol (synthetic) 


37.46,54,62 




159, 271, 316 


5, 222, 425 


.03 


Methyl acetate 


62, 156, X 








37 - 










Methylamyl ketone 


37 










Methyl borate 


62 










Methyl bromide 


60 










1-Methyl butyl bromide . . . 


1 . 










Methylbutyl ketone . . 


X 










Methyl chloride (chloromethane) (100 

percent). 
Methyl dichlorostearate 


62, 175, 239, X 

X 


3,041,661 


3,123,484 


971, 882 


.31 


Methylethyl ketone 


37,206, X. 











SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



57 



Table 15. — Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals: United States production 
and sales in 1940 — Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according 
to list on p. 61) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(B) NON-COAL-TAR— continued 
Methylene chloride (dichloromethane) 


24,60,62,239 . . 


Pounds 


Pounds 






(100 percent). 


54,62,120 










Methvl isobutyl carbinol- - 


37 --_. 










Methyl isobutyl carbinol acetate 


37 










Methvl isobutyl ketone - 


37, 205 










Methvl lactate - . 


54 . 










Methyl methacrvlate _ 


62... 












X 












X 










Methyl stearate . ... 


108 












X 












37 . 










Monoethanolamine sulfite -.-.__ 


137 










Morpholine - . 


37 












X 












238 












62 










Organic mercury compound (seed dis- 


62, X 










infectant). 
Oxalic acid . -- . . 


89, 164, 238, X 

156 


12, 921, 227 


















62,104 












X 












62 










Pentaerythritol - 


156 










Phorone . . . 


37 














8, 474, 052 


6, 880, 775 


$2, 483, 484 


$0.36 




54,62,X 






62,153 . . 












230 










Dibutyl sebacate - 


54,62, X 










Dibutyl tartrate -- - 


54,62,120,122 

X 


28,318 


26, 976 


10,305 


.38 








X 










Methvl cellosolve acetyl ricin- 


X 










oleate. 
Sucrose octa acetate . 


156 












54 










Tributyl citrate 


54, X 












54,149 










Triethyl citrate - 


X 










Triethylene glycol dihexoate 


37 












149 ...... 










Triglvcol dioctoate . . 


37 












37 












37 












149 . - 










Polypropylene glycol - 


37 . . 












X 












62 












62, X 












37 X 












108 












62,78 












62 












60 












37 










Propylene diamine 


27 












60 . . 












37,60 












37 62 












122 










Propylene glycol monostearate 


122 - 












37 










Pyrogallic acid (pyrogallol) . . 


69,137,248 


68, 275 


62, 767 


95,697 


1.52 




33,69,200 




Rubber (synthetic) 


60, 62, 92, X, X 












X 












70,78 












137, 238, X 












1.37,204 












42 












142 










Sodium oxal acetate. 


230. 











58 



UNITED STATES TAKIFF COMMISSION 



Table 15. — Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals: United States production 
and sales in 1940 — Continued 





Manufacturers' 
identification num- 
bers (according 
to list on p. 61) 


Production 


Sales 


Name of chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


(B) NON-COAL-TAR— continued 


89,137,238 


Pounds 


Pounds 








62 












19 












19 












19 __. 












19 












19 












19,X . 












122 












137 










Sulfated fatty alcohols, acids, etc. (gar- 
dinols, igepons, intramines, mapros, 
xynomines). 


37, 45, 62, 87, 191, 
215, X. 

X 


16, 201, 261 


14, 782, 253 


$4, 021, 390 


$0.27 




149 










hyde ammonia compound. 

Tetrabromoethane (acetylene tetra- 
bromide). 

Tetrachloroethane (acetylene tetra- 
chloride). 

Tetrachloroethylene (perchloroethyl- 
ene). 


60,78 










62, 243 










60,62,243 . 










37 










Tetraethyl lead 


73 












37 










Tetraethylene glycol dimethyl ether 


37 - 










37 












69 












87, 149 












62 










Trichloroethane (methyl chloroform) . - 


60 










60,62,243 












124 












37 












37,62 












37 












X 












37 












60 












60 - - 












37 










Undecylenic acid 


X 










62 












62 












62 










Vanillin (see table 12A, p. 42). 


156, X 












37 92 












60 -- 












62 










Xanthates (see table 14B, p. 50). 


62 78, X, X 










icals. 












Total miscellaneous non-coal-tar 
chemicals: 
Those for which individual 


1, 309, 593, 317 
2, 547, 947, 435 


724, 786, 489 
1, 197, 709, 628 


39, 837, 512 
186,220,459 


.05 


statistics are shown. 




.16 


statistics cannot be shown. 








3, 857, 540, 752 


1, 922, 496, 117 


226, 057, 971 


.12 









APPENDIXES 

APPENDIX A.— RESEARCH EXPENDITURES 

According to figures reported by the industry, the synthetic organic 
chemical industry in 1940 employed 2,692 persons at an average 
salary of $2,979, as compared with 2,197 teclniically trained workers 
at $3,113 per amium in 1939 and 1,603 such workers at $3,328 per 
annum in 1938. The decrease in the average salary is not due to any 
reduction in salary scale but to increased employment of less experi- 
enced technical workers at lower salaries. The gross cost of research 
in 1940 was $17,500,000 and the net cost $16,200,000, which was equal 
to 3.3 percent of sales of all organic chemicals in that year. 

APPENDIX B.— IMPORTS 

The Tariff Commission cooperated with the Department of Com- 
merce in 1940, as in previous years, in compiling from original customs 
documents import data on coal-tar intermediates and finished coal-tar 
products. These statistics are released to subscribers semiannually 
by the Department of Commerce in Import Statement No. 2865, 
where they are shown in greater detail than in the annual publication 
"Foreign Commerce and Navigation of the United States." A sum- 
mary of the issue of Import Statement No. 2865 for the years 1938-40 
and for 1941 (6 months) is shown in table 16. This summary shows 
imports of dutiable coal-tar products, classified according to use. In 
1940 imports of intermediates, in terms of quantity, were only 
28 percent of the 1939 imports. The large increase in quantity im- 
ported during the first 6 months of 1941 and the corresponding drop 
in unit value of imports from 96 K cents per pound to 64 cents is largely 
due to heavy imports of dinitrotoluene from Canada for further 
processing in the United States. The large increase in imports of 
other products from 108,876 pounds in 1940 to 1,125,998 pounds 
during the first 6 months of 1941 is due principally to imports of 
trinitrotoluene from Canada. 

59 



60 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



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SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



61 



APPENDIX C— DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS OF SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS IN 1940 

[All companies which have given permission to be identified as producers] 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in parentheses if not 
in same city as office) 



Abbott Laboratories __. 

Advance Paint Co 

Alston-Lucas Paint Co 

Althouse Chemical Co 

Amecco Chemicals, Inc 

American Aniline Products, Inc 

American Cyanamid Co 

American Cyanamid Co., Calco 
Chemical Division. 

American Maize-Products Co 

American Pharmaceutical Co., Inc.. 

American Tar & Chemical Co 

Andrew Brown Co 

Ansbacher-Siegle Corporation 

Ansul Chemical Co 

Apex Chemical Co., Inc 

Arco Co - 

Arnold. Hoffman & Co., Inc 

Aromatic Products, Inc 

Atlas Powder Co 

Augusta Chemical Co 

Bakelite Corporation 

Barrett Co 

Bates Chemical Co... 

Belle Alkali Co 

Benzol Products Co.. 
Berk, F. W., & Co., Inc., Wood 
Ridge Division. 

Bersworth, F. C, Laboratory 

Bick & Co., Inc 

Birge Co., Inc 

BischolT, Ernst, Co., Inc 

Brooklyn Color Works, Inc 

Brown Co 

Burroughs Wellcome & Co., Inc 

Bush, W. J., & Co., Inc 

California Flaxseed Products Co 

California Ink Co., Inc. 

Carbide & Carbon Chemicals Cor- 
poration. 

Carus Chemical Co., Inc 

Catalin Corporation of America 

Celluloid Corporation 

Chemical Manufacturing Co., Inc 

Chemico, Inc 

Childs Pulp Colors, Inc 

Ciba Pharmaceutical Products, Inc.. 
Cincinnati Chemical Works, Inc 

Cities Service Oil Co 

Citro Chemical Co 

Clinton Co 

Colasta Co., Inc . . 

Coleman & Bell Co _. 

Collway Colors, Inc. 

Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufac- 
turing Co. 

Combined Chemical Corporation 

Commercial Solvents Corporation... 

Commonwealth Color & Chemical 
Co. 

Cooks Falls Dye Works, Inc 

Coopers Creek Chemical Corporation 
Crown Tar Works, Division of Pub- 
lic Service Co. of Colorado. 

Diarsenol Co., Inc 

Dow Chemical Co 

Dubin, H. E., Laboratories, Inc 

du Pont de Nemours, E. I., & Co., 
Inc. 



Hth St. and Sheridan Rd., North Chicago, 111. 

545 West Abbott St., Indianapolis, Ind. 

1031 North Throop St., Chicago, 111. 

540 Pear St., Reading, Pa. 

75 Rockwood St., Rochester, N. Y. 

50 Union Square, New York, N. Y. (Lock Haven, Pa.). 

30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York, N. Y. (Bound Brook and 

Warner, N. J., Bridgeville, Pa., Maynard, Mass.). 
Bound Brook, N. J. 

100 East 42d St., New York, N. Y. (Roby, Ind.). 

525 West 43d St., New York, N. Y. 

5910 Freemont St., Duluth, Minn. 

5431 South Riverside Drive, Los Angeles, Calif. 

92 Chestnut Ave., Rosebank, S. I., New York, N. Y. 

P. O. Box 231, Marinette, Wis. 

225 West 34th St., New York, N. Y. (Elizabethport, N. J.). 

7301 Bessemer Ave., Cleveland, Ohio. 

55 Canal St., Providence, R. I. (Dighton, Mass.). 

15 East 30th St., New York, N. Y. (Springdale, Conn.). 

Wilmington, Del. (Atlas Point, Del., Stamford, Conn.). 

P. O. Box 660, Augusta, Ga. 

30 East 42d St., New York, N. Y. (Bloomfleld and Bound 

Brook, N. J.). 
40 Rector St., New York, N. Y. (Plants throughout United 

States). 
Scottdale Rd., Lansdowne, Pa. 
Belle, W. Va. 

237 South St., Newark, N. J. (Piscataway, N. J.). 
Wood Ridge, N. J. 

609 Waverly St., Framingham, Mass. 

1820 North 12th St., Reading, Pa. 

390 Niagara St., Buffalo, N. Y. 

Main St., Ivoryton, Conn. 

Morgan and Norman Aves., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

404 Commercial St., Portland, Maine (Berlin, N. H.). 

9 East 41st St., New York, N. Y. (Tuckahoe, N. Y.). 

11 East 38th St., New York, N. Y. (Linden, N. J.). 

3135 East 26th St., Los Angeles, Calif. 

545 Sansome St., San Francisco, Calif. (Berkelev, Calif.). 

30 East 42d St., New York, N. Y. (South Charleston, W. 
Va., Niagara Falls, N. Y., Whiting, Ind.). 

1377 8th St., LaSalle, 111. 

1 Park Ave., New York, N. Y. (Fords, N. J.). 

290 Ferry St., Newark, N. J. 

Ashland, Mass. 

1745 Front St., Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio (Akron, Ohio). 

43 Summit St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Lafayette Park, Summit, N. J. 

P. O. Box 20, Evanston Station, Cincinnati, Ohio (Nor- 
wood and St. Bernard, Ohio). 

Bartlesville, Okla. (Tallant, Okla.). 

Maywood, N. J. 

Clinton, Iowa. 

1 Mechanic St., Hoosiek Falls, N. Y. 

Main and Waverlv Aves., Norwood, Ohio. 

15 Market St., Paterson, N. J. 

17 Van Dyke Ave., Hartford, Conn. 

67 Broad St., New York, N. Y. (Wilmington, Del.). 

17 East 42d St., New York, N. Y. (Terre Haute, Ind., 

Peoria, 111., Agnew, Calif.). 
223 Nevins St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

70 Pine St., New York, N. Y. (Cooks Falls, N. Y.). 
West Conshohocken, Pa. 
900 15th St., Denver, Colo. 

72 Kingsley St., Buffalo, N. Y. 

Midland, Mich. (Pittsburg, Calif.). 

250 East 43d St., New York, N. Y. 

Wilmington, Del. (Carney's Point, New Brunswick, 
Perth Amboy, Arlington, and Newark, N. J., Belle, 
W. Va., Waynesboro, Va., Niagara Falls, N. Y., El 
Monte, Calif.). 



62 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



APPENDIX C— DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS OF SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS, IN 1940— Continued 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in parentheses if not 
in same city as office) 



Dure?, Plastics & Chemicals, Inc 

Durite Plastics, Inc 

Dye Specialties Corporation 

Dvkem Co 

Eakins, J. S. & W. R., Inc 

Eastern Tar Products Corporation,.. 

Eastman Kodak Co 

Edwal Laboratories, Inc 

Elko Chemical Works, Inc- - _. 

Ethyl-Dow Chemical Co -.. ._. 

Ethyl Gasoline Corporation... 



Federal Color Laboratories, Inc 

Federal Laboratories, Inc 

Felton Chemical Co., Inc 

Fine Colors Co 

Fine Orcanics, Inc 

Florasynth Laboratories, Inc 

Foster, Heaton Co 

Franco-American Chemical Works, 
Inc. 

Fries Bros 

Fries, George G., & Co., Inc 



Fulton Aniline Corporation.. 

Gane's Chemical Works, Inc 

Gebauer Chemical Co 

General Aniline Works, Division of 
General Aniline & Film Corpora- 
tion. 

General Biochemicals, Inc 

General Chemical Co 



General Electric Co 

Glidden Co .. 

Goodrich, B. F., Co 

Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co 

Guyan Color & Chemical Works. 

Halowax Corporation 

Hamilton Laboratories, Inc 

Hampden Color & Chemical Co.. 
Hardesty, W. C, Co., Inc 



Harmon Color Works, Inc 

Harris Chemical Co., Inc 

Hartman Leddon Co 

Hercules Powder Co 

Heresite & Chemical Co 

Heyden Chemical Corporation. 



Hilton-Davis Chemical Co 

HotTmann-La Roche, Inc 

Holland Aniline Dye Co 

Hooker Electrochemical Co 

Hussins, James, & Son 

Hynson, Westcott & Dunning, Inc... 
Imperial Paper & Color Corporation, 

Picment Color Division. 
Industrial Dvestuff Co 

Inland Steel Co 

Jamieson, C. E., & Co 

Jennison-Wrisht Corporation 

Joanite Corporation 

Johnson, Charles Eneu, & Co 

Jones-Dabney Co., Division of Devoe 

& Ravnolds Co. 

Kay & Ess Co 

Kay-Fries Chemicals, Inc 



Kentucky Color & Chemical Co. 

Kessler Chemical Co., Inc 

Keystone Color Works, Inc 

Kinetic Chemicals, Inc 



Knoedler, A., Co 

Kohnstamra, H., & Co., Inc 

Koppers Co., Tar & Chemical Divi- 
sion. 

LaMotte Chemical Products Co 

Lehigh Briquetting Co 



Walck Rd., North Tonawanda, N. Y. 

5000 Summerdale Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. 

924 Bergen Ave., Jersey Citv, N. J. 

2301 North 11th St., St. Louis, Mo. 

55 Berry St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Lexington Bldg., Baltimore Md. (Norfolk, Va.). 

343 State St., Rochester, N. Y. (Kingsport, Tenn.). 

732 Federal St., Chicago, 111. 

66 Lister Ave., Newark, N. J. 

Wilmington, N. C. (Kure Beach, N. C). 

405 Lexington Ave., New York, N. Y. (North Batoa 

Rouge, La., Deepwater, N. J.). 
4633 Forest Ave., Norwood, Ohio. 
185 41st St., Pittsburgh, Pa. (Tunnelton.'Pa.). 
599 Johnson Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
21-29 McBride Ave., Paterson, N. J. 
211 East 19th St., New York, N. Y. 
1513-33 Olmstead Ave., New York, N. Y. 
8,33-39 Magnolia Ave., Elizabeth, N. J. 
Berry Ave., Carlstadt, N. J. 

92 Reade St., New York, N. Y. (Bloomfleld, N. J.). 

68 Beekman St., New York, N. Y. (Long Island City,. 

N. Y.). 
10 High St., Boston, Mass. (Woonsocket, R. L). 
43 West 16th St., New York, N. Y. (Carlstadt, N. J.). 
9410 St. Catherine Ave., Cleveland, Ohio. 
435 Hudson St., New York, N. Y. (Rensselaer, N. Y., 

Grasselli, N. J.). 

Chagrin Falls, Ohio. 

40 Rector St., New York, N. Y. (Claymont,'Del., Buffalo,. 
N. Y.). 

1 River Rd., Schenectady, N. Y. 

11001 Madison Ave., Cleveland, Ohio. 

500 South Main St., Akron, Ohio. 

1144 East Market St., Akron, Ohio. 

P. O. Box 1088, Huntington, W. Va. 

30 East 42d St., New York, N. Y. (Wyandotte, Mich.). 

601 North B St., Hamilton, Ohio. 

161 Armory St., Springfield, Mass. 

41 East 42d St., New York, N. Y. (Dover, Ohio, Los 
Angeles, Calif.). 

P. O . Box 1158, Paterson, N. J. (Haledon, N. J.). 

14 Mill St., New Haven, Conn. 

6010 Haverford Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Delaware Trust Bldg., Wilmington, Del. 

822 South 14th St., Manitowoc, Wis. 

50 Union Square, New York, N. Y. (Garfield and Perth 

Amboy, N. J.). 
2235 Langdon Farm Rd., Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Kingsland Rd. and Bloomfleld Ave., Nutley, N. J. 
Holland, Mich. 

Buffalo Ave. and 47th St., Niagara Falls, N. Y. 
239 Medford St., Maiden, Mass. 
1030 North Charles St., Baltimore, Md. 
Glens Falls, N. Y. (Queensbury, N. Y.). 

Massasoit Ave., East Providence, R. I. 

38 South Dearborn St., Chicago, 111. (Indiana Harbor, Ind.)i 

1962-80 Tromblv Ave., Detroit, Mich. 

2463 Broadwav, Toledo, Ohio. 

10-02 44th Drive, Long Island City, N. Y. 

10th and Lombard Sts., Philadelphia, Pa. 

1481 South 11th St., Louisville, Ky. 

P. O. Box 968, Dayton, Ohio. 

180 Madison Ave., New York, N. Y. (West Haverstraw, 

N. Y.). 
34th St., south of Bank St., Louisville, Ky. 
Delaware Ave. and Mifflin St., Philadelphia, Pa. 
151 West Gay Ave., York, Pa. 
duPont Bldg., Wilmington, Del. (Lower Penns Neck 

Township, N. J.). 
717 North Prince St., Lancaster, Pa. 
87 Park PI., New York, N. Y. (Brooklyn,. N. Y.) 
Koppers Bldg., Pittsburgh, Pa. (Plants throughout United 

States.) 
McCormick Bldg., Baltimore, Md. (Towson, Md.). 
Universal Bldg., Fargo, N. Dak. (Dickinson, N. Dak.). 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



63 



APPENDIX C— DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS OF SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS, IN 1940— Continued 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in parentheses if not 
in same city as office) 



Lewis, John D., Inc 

Lilly, Eli, & Co 

Lucidol Corporation 

Lueders, George, & Co., Inc 

Macher, Wra., & Son 

Magruder Color Co., Inc 

Makalot Corporation 

Mallinclirodt Chemical Works 

Marblette Corporation _ 

Marietta Dyestulls Co 

Marietta Paint & Color Co 

Maschmeijer, A., Jr., Inc 

Mathieson Alkali Works, Inc.. 

Marx, Ma.x, Color & Chemical Co... 

May, Otto B., Inc 

Maywood Chemical Works 

Mepham, Geo. S., Corporation 

Merck & Co., Inc 

M inerec Corporation 

Monsanto Chemical Co 

National Aniline & Chemical Co., 

Inc. 
Naugatuck Chemical Division of 
United States Rubber Co. 

Neville Co 

Newport Industries, Inc 

New York Color & Chemical Co., 
Inc., Division of American Dye- 
wood Co. 
New York Quinine & Chemical 
Works, Inc. 

Niacet Chemicals Corporation 

Niagara Chlorine Products Corpora- 
tion. 
Niagara Smelting Corporation 

Nord & Co., Inc 

Northwestern Chemical Co 

Novocol Chemical Manufacturing 

Co., Inc. 

Nubian Paint & Varnish Co 

Ohio- Apex, Inc 

Oldbury Electro Chemical Co 

Parafflne Companies, Inc 

Patent Chemicals, Inc 

Peerless Color Co 

Pennsylvania Coal Products Co 

Pennsylvania Industrial Chemical 

Corporation. 

Pfanstiehl Chemical Co 

Pfizer, Chas., & Co., Inc 

Pharma Chemical Corporation. 

Philadelphia Gas Works Co 

PhoenLx Color & Chemical Co 

Pittsberg Chemical Co 

Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co., Paint 

Division. 

Plaskon Co., Inc 

Portland Gas & Coke Co 

Poughkeepsie DyestufiE Corporation.. 
Premo Pharmaceutical Laboratories, 

Inc. 

Publicker, Inc 

Pure Oil Co 

Pylam Products Co., Inc.. 

Pyridiura Corporation. 

Quaker Oats Co 

Reichhold Chemicals, Inc 

Reilly Tar & Chemical Corporation.. 

Republic Creosoting Co 

Resinous Products & Chemical Co... 

Resiston Plastics, Inc 

Richards Chemical Works, Inc 



68 Traverse St., Providence, R. I. (Mansfield, Mass.). 

Indianapolis, Ind. 

1740 Military Rd., Buffalo, N. Y. 

427 Washington St., New York, N. Y. 

1533 West Clearfield St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

2385 Richmond Terrace, Port Richmond, Staten Island, 

New York, N. Y. 
262 Washington St., Boston, Mass. (Waltham, Mass.). 
3600 North 2d St., St. Louis, Mo. 
37-21 30th St., Long Island City, N. Y. 
401-2 Peoples Bank Bldg., Marietta, Ohio. 
Greene and Acme Sts., Marietta, Ohio. 
43 West 16th St., New York, N. Y. (Newark, N. J.). 
60 East 42d St., New York, N. Y. (Niagara Falls, N. Y., 

Lake Charles, La., Saltville, Va.). 
192-4 Coit St., Irvington, N. J. 
198-214 Niagara St., Newark, N. J. 
100 West Hunter Ave., Maywood, N. J. 
2001 Lynch Ave., E.ast St. Louis, 111. 
Rahway, N. J. (Philadelphia, Pa.). 
120 Broadway, New York, N. Y. (Baltimore, Md.). 
1700 South 2d St., St. Louis, Mo. (Springfield and Everett, 

Mass., Nitro, W. Va., Monsanto, 111., Anniston, Ala.). 
40 Rector St., New York, N. Y. (BufTalo, N. Y.). 

1230 6th Ave., New York, N. Y. (Naugatuck, Conn.). 

Neville Island, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

P. O. Box 911, Pensacola, Fla. 

Main and Joralemon Sts., Belleville, N. J. 



99 North 11th St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

4700 Pine Ave., Niagara Falls, N. Y. 
Mill St., Lockport, N. Y. 

420 Lexington Ave., New York, N. Y. (Niagara Falls. 

N. Y.). 
830 Broad St., Newark, N. J. 
1263 North 70th St., Wauwatosa, Wis. 
2923 Atlantic Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

1856 North LeClaire Ave., Chicago, 111. 
Nitro, W. Va. 

P. O. Box 346, Niagara Falls, N. Y. 
475 Brannan St., San Francisco, Calif. 
57 Wilkinson Ave., Jersev City, N. J. 
521-35 North Ave., Plainfield, N. J. 
Petrolia, Pa. 
Clairton, Pa. 

104 Lakevicw Ave., Waukegan, 111. 

81 Maiden Lane, New York, N. Y. 

949 Broadwav, New York, N. Y. (Bayonne, N. J.). 

1800 North 9th St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

24 Van Houten St., Paterson, N. J. 

609 South Grand Ave., Los Angeles, Calif. (Vernon, Calif.). 

235 East Pittsburgh Ave., Milwaukee, Wis. 

2112 Sylvan Ave., Toledo, Ohio. 
Public Service Bldg., Portland, Oreg. 
77 North Water St., Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 
443 Broadway, New York, N. Y. 

1800 West Lehigh Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. 

35 East Wacker Drive, Chicago, 111. (Heath, Ohio, Cabin 

Creek, W. Va.). 
799 Greenwich St., New York, N. Y. (Norwalk, Conn.). 
21 Gray Oaks Ave., Yonkers, N. Y. 
141 West Jackson Blvd., Chicago, 111. (Cedar Rapids, 

Iowa.) 
601 Woodward Heights Blvd., Detroit, Mich. (Elizabeth, 

N. J., Brooklyn, N. Y.). 
1615 Merchants Bank Bldg., Indianapolis, Ind. (Plants 

throughout United States.) 
1615 Merchants Bank Bldg., Indianapolis, Ind. (Plants 

throughout United States.) 
222 West Washington Square, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Delaware Ave. and Elm St., Camden, N. J. 
Warren and Morris Sts., Jersey City, N. J. 



64 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



APPENDIX C— DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS OF SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS, IN 1940— Continued 



Num- 
ber 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in parentheses if not 
in same city as office) 



192 
193 

194 
195 
196 
197 
198 
199 

200 
201 
202 

203 
204 
205 

206 
207 
208 
209 
210 
211 
212 
213 

214 
215 
216 
217 
218 
219 
220 
221 

222 
223 
224 
225 
226 
227 
228 
229 

230 
231 
232 
233 
234 
235 
236 
237 
238 

239 
240 
241 
242 
243 

244 
245 

246 
247 
248 



Rid-0-Moth Corporation _.. 

Rohm & Haas Co 

Ruberoid Co 

Salvo Chemical Corporation 

Sobering Corporation 

Scheringr & Olatz, Inc. 

Seattle Gas Co 

Seeley & Co., Inc., Van Brunt 
Division. 

Sepin Laboratories 

Sharp & Dohme, Inc 

Sharpies Solvents Corporation,. _ 

Shawinigan Resins Corporation 

Sheffield By-Products Co 

Shell Chemical Co 

Sherwin-Williams Co 

Sidlcy Chemical Co., Inc 

Simons, Harold L., Inc 

Sinclair i^ Valentine Co 

Smith, Kline & French Laboratories.. 

Solvay Process Co 

Southern Dvestufl Corporation 

Squibb, E. R., & Sons 

Standard Alcohol Co 

Standard Chemical Products, Inc 

Standard Naphthalene Products Co.. 

Standard Oil Co. of California 

Standard Ultramarine Co 

Stange, Wm. J., Co 

Stroock & Wittenberg Corporation... 

Sun Chemical & Color Co., Division 

General Printing Ink Corporation. 

Swann & Co 

Synthetic Chemicals, Inc 

Taylor Chemical Corporation 

Tavlor Fibre Co. 

Todd, A. M., Co 

Truhek Laboratories 

Uhlich, Paul, & Co., Inc 

United Color <fe Pigment Co., Divi- 
sion of Interchemical Corporation. 

U. S. Industrial Chemicals, Inc 

Valentine & Co., Inc 

van Amerineen-Haebler, Inc 

Van Dyk &'Co., Inc 

Varcum Chemical Corporation 

Velsicol Corporation 

Verley Chemical Co 

Verona Chemical Co 

Victor Chemical Works 

Virginia Smelting Co 

Wannamaker Chemic.al Co., Inc 

Warner-Jenkinson Manufacturing Co 

Watertown Manufacturing Co.. 

Westvaco Chlorine Products Cor- 
poration. 

W-hite Tar Co. of N. J., Inc.- 

Wilhelm, A., Co., Division of the 

Glidden Co. 
Wolff- Alport Chemical Corporation.. 

Young Aniline Works, Inc 

Zinsser & Co., Inc 



Jacobus Ave., South Kearny, N. J. 

222 West Washington Square, Philadelphia, Pa. (Brides- 
burg and Bristol, Pa.). 
500 5th Ave., New York, N. Y. (Erie, Pa., Joliet, HI.). 
Rothschild, Wis. 
86 Orange St., Bloomfield, N. J. 
113 West 18th St., New York, N. Y. 
1511 4th Ave., Seattle. Wash. 
22 Albany St., New York, N. Y. (Farmingdale, N. Y.). 

P. O. Box 185, Station A, San Diego, Calif. (Santee, Calif.). 

640 North Broad St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

23d and Westmoreland Sts., Philadelphia, Pa. (Wyandotte, 

Mich.). 
644 Monsanto Ave., Springfield, Mass. 
524 West 57th St., New York, N. Y. (Hobart, N. Y.). 

100 Bush St., San Francisco, Calif. (Martinez and Domin- 
guez, Calif.). 

101 Prospect Ave., NW., Cleveland, Ohio. (Chicago, 111.). 
207 West 25th St., New York, N. Y. 

11-25 44th Rd., Long Island Citv, N. Y. 

611 West 129th St., New York, N. Y. 

105 North 5th St., Philadelphia. Pa. 

Syracuse, N. Y. (Geddes, N. Y.). 

P. O. Box 1045, Charlotte, N. C. (Sodyeco. N. C). 

745 5th Ave., New York, N. Y. (Brooklyn, N. Y., New 

Brunswick, N. .!.). 
P. O. Box 243, Elizabeth, N. J. (Linden, N. J.). 
1301 Jefferson St., Hoboken, N. J. 
Jacobus Ave., South Kearnv, N. J. 
225 Bush St., San Francisco, Cahf. (Richmond, Calif.). 
Huntington, W. Va. 
2.'i36 Monroe St., Chicago. 111. 

60 East 42d St., New York, N. Y. (Newark, N. J.). 
309-21 Sussex St., Harrison, N. J. (East Rutherford, N. J.). 

205 South 32d St., Birmingham, Ala. 

57 Wilkinson Ave., Jersey Citv, N. J. 

Phillipsburg, N. J. (Penn Yan, N. Y., (Wyandotte, Mich.). 

Norristown, Pa. (Betzwood, Pa.) 

1717 Douglas Ave., Kalamazoo, Mich. 

State Highwav No. 2, East Rutherford, N. J. 

157 Chambers St., New York, N. Y. (Brooklyn, N. Y.). 

Mt. Olivet St., Newark, N. J. 

60 East 42d St., New York, N. Y. 

11 East 36th St., New York, N. Y. (Brooklyn, N. Y.). 

315 4th Ave., New York, N. Y. (Elizabeth, N. J.). 

57 Wilkinson Ave., Jersey Citv, N. J. 

P. O. Box 433, Niaeara Falls. N. Y. 

3542 North Kimball Ave., Chicago, HI. (Marshall, El.). 

1621 Carroll Ave.. Chicago, 111. 

26 Verona Ave., Newark, N. J. 

141 West Jackson Blvd., Chicago, 111. (Chicago Heights 

111.) 
West Norfolk, Va. 
Russell St., Orangeburg, S. C. 
2526 Baldwin St., St. Louis, Mo. 
127 Echo Lake Rd., Watertown, Conn. 
405 Lexington Ave., New York, N. Y. (South 

Charleston, W. Va.. Newark, Calif.) 
1201 Koppers Bldg., Pittsburgh, Pa. (Kearny, N. J.). 
Third and Bern Sts., Reading, Pa. 

1127 Irving Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
2701-33 Boston St., Baltimore, Md. 
Hastings-on-Hudson, N. Y. 



o