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Full text of "Synthetic organic chemicals : United States production and sales"




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UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

United States Production 
and Sales, 1944 

Report; No. 155 • Seeond Scries 







D^"' 



BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 9999 06317 197 7 



RECENT REPORTS OF THE UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 

1941-43, Report No. 153, Second Series, 1946 $0.30 

Post-War Imports and Domestic Production of Major Commodities, 
Report No. 154, Second Series, 1945 (in response to S- Res. 341, 78lh 
Cong.), a volume of 1,321 pages, is availahle in separates, as follows: 

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Section 1. General Introduction and Summary 10 

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UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

United States Production 
and Sales, 1944 



UNDER THE GENERAL PROVISIONS OF TITLE III 
PART II, SECTION 332 OF THE TARIFF ACT OF 1930 



UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON : 1946 



Report No. 155 • Second Series 



( PUSLIC ) 



M. S. SUPERINTENDENT Of OOCUMyiT| 



§§t m \m 



J r//V^ 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Oscar B. Ryder, Chairman 

Lynn R. Edminster» Vice Chairman 

Edgar B. Brossard 

E. Dana Durand 

George McGill 

Sidney Morgan, Secretary- 



Address all communications 

UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

WASHINGTON 25, D. C. 



ACKNOWLEDGMENT 

In the preparation of this report the Commission had the 

Bervices of James H. Hibben, Martin L. Peller, H. Deborah Keister, 

Bertha M. Robertson, and others of its staff 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C. 

Price 25 cents 



CONTENTS 

Page 

Introduction 1 

Summary 3 

PART I. PRODUCTION AND SALES OF TARS, TAR CRUDES, 
AND CRUDES DERIVED FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL 
GAS 

Tars 7 

Tar crudes 8 

Crude products from petroleum and natural gas 12 

PART 11. PRODUCTION AND SALES OF INTERMEDIATES AND 
FINISHED SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, BY GROUPS 

General 13 

Intermediates 16 

Dyes 20 

Lakes and toners 30 

Medicinals 34 

Flavor and perfume materials 38 

Plastics materials 41 

Rubber-processing chemicals 45 

Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) 47 

Surface-active agents 48 

Plasticizers 50 

Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals 52 

PART III. ALPHABETICAL LIST OF INDIVIDUAL PRODUCTS, 
BY GROUPS, AND MANUFACTURERS 

Tar crudes 57 

Crude products from petroleum and natural gas 58 

Intermediates 59 

Dyes 71 

Lakes and toners 87 

Medicinals 90 

Flavor and perfume materials 98 

Plastics materials 102 

Rubber-processing chemicals ._ 106 

Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) 108 

Surface-active agents 109 

Plasticizers ^--- 112 

Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals ^^- 114 

Directory of manufacturers 126 

APPENDIX 

A. Imports of coal-tar intermediates and finished products __ 137 

B. Research workers and expenditures , 1.38 

^ - - ^ ■ - - ^ - -• ■- ;.-•-. ".-'hi 



IV CONTENTS 

TABLES 

Summary Page 

1. Synthetic organic chemicals and their raw materials: United States 

production and sales, 1943 and 1944 3 

Part I 

2. Tar and tar crudes: Summary of production and sales of specified 

products, average, 1937-41, annual, 1942-44 9 

3 A. Organic chemicals: United States production and sales of tar 

crudes, 1944 11 

4 A. Organic chemicals: United States production and sales of crude 

products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion, 

1944 12 

Part II 

5. Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary of United States production 
and sales of intermediates and finished products, average, 1938-42, 
annual, 1943-44 13 

6 A. Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 

cyclic intermediates, 1944 17 

7A. Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 

coal-tar dyes, 1944 21 

8. Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 

coal-tar dyes, by chemical class, 1944 27 

9. Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production of coal-tar 

dyes, by class of application, average, 1938-42, annual, 1943-44._ 28 

10. Synthetic organic chemicals: United States sales of coal-tar dyes, by 

class of application, average, 1938-42, annual, 1943-44 28 

11. Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 

azoic dyes and their components, 1944 30 

12 A. Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 

lakes and toners, 1944 ^-- 31 

13 A. Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 

medicinals, 1944 34 

14A. Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 

flavor and perfume materials, 1944 39 

15 A. Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 

plastics materials, grouped according to chemical composition, 

1944 -- 42 

16. Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 

plastics materials, grouped according to use, 1944 44 

17A. Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 

rubber-processing chemicals, 1944 46 

18 A. Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales 

of elastomers (synthetic rubbers), 1944 48 

19A. Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales 

of surface-active agents, 1944 49 

20A. Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 

plasticizers, 1944 51 

21 A. Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 

miscellaneous chemicals, 1944 52 



CONTENTS V 

Part III Page 

3B. Organic chemicals: Tar crudes for which United States production or 

sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 57 

4B. Organic chemicals: Crude products from petroleum and natural gas 
for chemical conversion for which United States production or sales 

were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 58 

6B. Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufac- 
turer, 1944 59 

7B. Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 
1944 J 71 

12B. Synthetic organic chemicals: Lakes and toners for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufac- 
turer, 1944 87 

13B. Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 
1944 90 

14B. Synthetic organic chemicals: Flavor and perfume materials for 
which United States production or sales were reported, identified 
by manufacturer, 1944 98 

15B. Synthetic organic chemicals: Plastics materials for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manu- 
facturer, 1944 102 

17B. Synthetic organic chemicals: Rubber-processing chemicals for 
which United States production or sales were reported, identified 
by manufacturer, 1944 106 

18B. Synthetic organic chemicals: Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) for 
which United States production or sales were reported, identified 
by manufacturer, 1944 108 

19B. Synthetic organic chemicals: Surface-active agents for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1944 109 

20B. Synthetic organic chemicals: Plasticizers for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 
1944 -- 112 

2 IB. Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1944 114 

22. Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1944 126 

Appendix •• 

23. Coal-tar intermediates and finished coal-tar products: United States 

imports for consumption, classified by uses, 1942-44 137 



INTRODUCTION 

For 28 years the United States Tariff Commission has issued 
reports on the annual production and sales of synthetic organic 
chemicals and the raw materials from which they are made. The 
last complete report covered a period of 3 years, 1941-43. The report 
for 1944 mcludes statistics on United States production and sales of 
all synthetic organic chemicals and their raw materials, except ex- 
plosives and other chemicals manufactured at Government-owned 
Ordnance plants. These statistics were compiled from information 
supplied by 531 producing companies, a list of which is given in 
part III. 

The raw materials covered by this report are obtained by various 
processes from coal, crude petroleum, natural gas, and other natural 
sources. Those derived from coal are obtained from coke-oven gas 
and by distillation from various tars; those derived from crudfi 
petroleum and natural gas are principally the result of cracking and 
distillation piocesses; and those derived from other natural sources 
are obtained by fermentation. These raw materials (principally coal- 
tar crudes and crude petroleum products) represent the first stage in 
the manufacture of synthetic organic chemicals. Intermediates are 
chemicals derived from these crudes by refining or by synthesis and 
represent the second stage. They, in turn, are used chiefly to make 
finished chemical products. Finished products, including dyes, rub- 
ber-processing chemicals, and plastics materials, are not usually sold 
to the ultimate consumer but to mdustrial concerns for use in their 
manufacturing processes. In general, organic chemicals extracted or 
distilled from natural (vegetable) sources such as wood or plants 
(except grains) are beyond the scope of this report. 

Unless otherwise noted, the data on chemicals are given in terms of 
undiluted materials. Dyes, however, are reported in terms of estab- 
lished commercial concentrations. The items included are grouped 
into the following categories: Crudes, mtermediates, dyes, lakes and 
toners, medicinals, flavor and perfume materials, plastics materials, 
rubber-processing chemicals, elastomers, plasticizers, surface-active 
agents, and miscellaneous chemicals. Because of the increasing 
importance of plasticizers and surface-active agents, statistics for 
these products are shown m separate tables for the first time. For- 
merly they were included with miscellaneous synthetic organic 
chemicals. Organic chemicals made from grain by fermentation 
processes are included with miscellaneous chemicals. 

Within each group the classification of items follows as closely as 
feasible the system used in Group 19 of the Standard Commodity 
Classification.^ In accordance with the practice in the more recent 
of these reports, the synthetic organic chemicals in each group are 
divided according to|their^known chemical structure into cyclic and 

1 Executive Office of the President, Bureau of ttie Budget, Standard Commodity Classification, vol. 1, 
Tech. Paper 26, 1943. 



2 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

acyclic compounds. This classification roughly parallels the dis- 
tinction between chemicals of coal-tar and non-coal-tar origin followed 
in earlier reports. The cyclic and acyclic classification is more 
accurate as important products which formerly were exclusively of 
coal-tar origin, are now made from non-coal-tar sources. 

The system of nomenclature for organic chemicals used by Chemical 
Abstracts, a publication of the American Chemical Society, is em- 
ployed as standard, whenever possible, to avoid confusion in ter- 
minology and errors in tabulation. 

Statistics on tar and tar crudes include the data furnished the 
United States Tariff Commission by distillers of coal tar and distillers 
and producers of water-gas and oil-gas tars and also the data furnished 
the Coal Economics Division of the United States Bureau of Mines 
by coke-oven operators. 

Imports of coal-tar intermediates and finished coal-tar products 
entering the United States under paragraphs 27 and 28 of the Tariff 
Act of 1930 are given in the appendix of the repoit. In the appendix 
there is also given a tabulation of the number of technical research 
workers and the cost of research in the synthetic organic chemicals 
industry. 



SUMMARY 

Synthetic, organic chemicals are used in the manufacture of many 
products indispensable to the Nation's health, comfort, and security. 
Production of these chemicals was larger in 1944 than in 1943, but 
the percentage increase over the preceding year was less. The out- 
put of tars, tar crudes, and crudes from petroleum and natural gas — 
the raw materials from which most of the synthetic organic chemicals 
are made — was also larger in 1944 than in 1943. 

As shown in table 1, the combined production of synthetic organic 
chemicals and their raw materials (a total involving much duplica- 
tion) was 37 billion pounds in 1944 compared with 32 billion in 1943. 
In 1944, sales amounted to about 25 billion pounds, valued at 2.4 
billion dollars, an increase of 20 percent in quantity and 47 percent in 
value over the sales in 1943. The quantities sold in both 1944 and 
1943 represented about 65 percent of the production, the remainder 
being consumed chiefly at the producing plants in further manu- 
facturing. 

Table 1.- — Synthetic organic chemicals and their raw materials: United States 
production and sales, 1943 and 1944 





Production 


Sales 




1943 


1944 


In- 
crease 
or de- 
crease 
(-), 
1944 
over 
1943 


Quantity 


Value 


Chemical 


1943 


1944 


In- 
crease 
or de- 
crease 
(-), 
1944 
over 
1943 


1943 


1944 


In- 
crease 
or de- 
crease 
(-), 
1944 
over 
1943 


Grand total ' 


Millien 
pounds 
32, 121 


Million 
pounds 
37, 318 


Percent 
16 


Million 
pounds 
20, 475 


Million 
pounds 
24, 589 


Percent 
20 


Million 

dollars 

1,609 


Million 

dollars 

2,358 


Percent 
47 


Tar2 

Tar crudes _ _. _. 


9,280 
9,207 

1,565 

12, 069 


9,680 
9,905 

2,804 

14, 929 


4 
8 

79 

24 


5,679 
■ 5,845 

1,617 

7,334 


5,131 
6,850 

2,547 

10, 061 


-10 

17 

58 
37 


30 

114 

34 
1,431 


27 
132 

194 

2,005 


-10 

16 


Crude products from petro- 
leum and natural gas 

Synthetic organic chemi- 
cals, total 


471 
40 


Intermediates 

Dyes 


1,637 

144 

16 

56 

13 
654 

81 

573 
8,895 


2,143 

152 

19 

39 

16 

782 

93 

1,758 
9,927 


31 

6 

19 
-30 

23 
20 

15 

207 
12 


1,032 

145 
15 
52 

13 
568 

77 

553 
4,879 


1,556 
150 
18 
36 

16 
697 

85 

1,628 
5,875 


51 
3 

20 
-31 

23 
23 

10 

194 
20 


135 

105 

10 

140 

16 

178 

31 

156 
660 


185 

111 

14 

112 

19 
211 

42 

354 
957 


37 
6 


Lakes and toners 


40 


Medicinals 

Flavor and perfume ma- 
terials 

Plastics materials .. 


-20 

19 
19 


Rubber-processing chemi- 
cals .. _ 


35 


Elastomers (synthetic 
rubbers). 


127 


Miscellaneous chemicals _. 


45 



• This total involves much duplication; see text. 
2 Partly estimated. 



4 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Since these j&giires include the production of tars, crudes, and inter- 
mediates, as well as the production of finished synthetic organic 
chemicals, the totals necessarily include considerable duphcation. 

The output of all tare in 1944 was 968 million gallons (9,680 million 
pounds), or about 4 percent larger than in 1943. Production of coal 
tar was about 30 milhon gallons larger than in the preceding year, 
and that of oil-gas and water-gas tar about 10 million gallons larger. 
The quantity of tar distilled, however, declined from 682 milli on gal- 
lons in 1943 to 633 milhon in 1944. This decline was due principally 
to the rise in consumption of tar for fuel and other purposes. 

In spite of the decrease in the quantity of tar distilled, the output 
of tar crudes was 8 percent greater in 1944 than in 1943. This output 
was possible because of increased production of tar crudes at byproduct 
coke ovens, production of benzene from imported ci'ude materials, 
and increased production of toluene from petroleum. Production of 
toluene from petroleum is included with that from coal tar, since in 
eaiher years the data could not be shown separately. Alost of the 
toluene went into the manufacture of explosives, and most of the 
benzene into the manufacture of synthetic rubber and of cumene, 
an additive for aviation gasoUne. 

The most striking increase in production of all organic chemicals 
in 1944 was in the group of organic raw materials derived from petro- 
leum and natural gas. The computed value of the output of these 
materials was about five times that in 1943, principally because of 
the large quantities needed in the manufacture of synthetic rubber. 
Production, from petroleum, of butadiene, one of the principal con- 
stituents of synthetic rubber, was valued at 20 miUion dollars ui 
1943 and 143 million in 1944. 

In 1944, production of all synthetic organic chemicals (interme- 
diates and finished products) totaled 14.9 billion pounds, an increase 
of 24 percent over that of 1943. The production of many of the 
important synthetic organic chemicals would probably have been 
still larger in 1944 except for the fact that the output was limited by 
Government controls and that the quantities produced were under 
Government allocation. Approximately one-third of the total pro- 
duction was consumed at the producing plants in the manufacture 
of other finished products. 

Because of the continued increase in the demand for intermediates 
used in the manufacture of explosives, signal smokes, dyes, synthetic 
rubber, and plastics, the output of intermediates was 31 percent 
higher in 1944 than in 1943. 

Over-aU production of dyes and of lakes and toners increased only 
moderately in 1944, principally because the TVar Production Board 
restricted deliveries for nonmilitary purposes. Aledicinals in bulk 
were the only group of finished synthetic organic chemicals which 
showed a decrease m 1944 compared with 1943; production in 1944 
was 39 million pounds, valued at 120 million dollar's, a substantial 
decline from the 56 milhon pounds, valued at 150 million dollars, 
produced in 1943. A smaller output of sulfa drugs and lower prices 
of vitamins were important factors in this decline. Statistics on 
production of penicillm are not included with the total for medicinals 
in 1944; the limited output m that year went exclusively to the 
mihtary forces. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 19 44 5 

Production of flavor and perfume materials in 1944 was 23 percent 
greater than in 1943. More abundant supplies of raw materials 
during the year allowed increased production for civilian uses. Large 
quantities of synthetic flavoring materials were also used in Army 
rations. 

The mounting requirements for plastics in important civilian and 
military uses were reflected in a larger output of plastics materials 
in 1944, chiefly among the acyclic (including nonbenzenoid) group. 
Production of all plastics materials, except cellulose esters, was 782 
million pounds compared with 654 million pounds in 1943. Plastics 
materials made from cellulose esters are not covered in this report. 

Production of rubber-processing chemicals in 1944 rose about 15 
percent over the level of 1943, because of the increased production 
of synthetic rubber. 

Elastomers kiclude synthetic rubbers, of which the GE,-S type is 
the most important. As might be expected, production of elasto- 
mers increased more than that of any other group of finished products. 
It totaled 1.8 billion pounds in 1944, more than a 200-percent increase 
over 1943. 

Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals consist of products 
such as solvents, insecticides, and other chemicals not included in 
any other group. In 1944, production of these items was 9.9 billion 
pounds, an increase of 12 percent over that of 1943. 



PART I. PRODUCTION AND SALES OF TARS, TAR CRUDES, AND 
CRUDES DERIVED FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS 

TARS 

The quantity of crude tars produced depends on the demand for 
coke for the manufacture of steel and on industrial and household 
consumption of manufactured gas. Coal tar is recovered principally 
as a byproduct in the manufacture of coke. Water-gas tar and oil- 
gas tar are byproducts of the fuel-gas industry. Water gas is pro- 
duced when coal or coke is burned in an atmosphere of steam; water- 
gas tar is made by carbureting water gas with oil and cracking the 
mixture ; oil-gas tar is manufactured in the process of cracking certain 
types of oil to produce fuel for household and industrial purposes. 
Oil-gas and water-gas tars have properties intermediate between those 
of petroleum asphalt and coal tar; and, although they contain many 
crudes that are recovered from coal tar, they contain these crudes in 
smaller amounts and in different proportions. Petroleum asphalts 
are not considered as raw materials for chemicals. 

In 1944, the amount of tars recovered from all sources totaled 968 
million gallons compared with about 930 million in both 1942 and 
1943, and 856 million in 1941. Of the output in 1944, 788 million 
gallons was coal tar — 768 million gallons of which was produced at 
byproduct coke-oven plants and 20 million gallons at coal-gas retort 
plants. The output of water-gas and oil-gas tar in 1944 was estimated 
at 180 million gallons. Statistics on production and consumption of 
tars in 1944 are given below: 

Source and use, 19U ^000 gallons 

Production of tar, total 967, 526 

Water-gas and oil-gas tari 180, 000 

Coal tar,2 total 787, 526 

Coal tar from byproduct coke-oven plants, total 767, 807 

Plants not owned by city gas companies 719, 145 

Plants owned by city gas companies (public utilities) 48, 662 

Coal tar from coal-tar retort plants 19, 719 

Consumption of tar, total 974, 057 

Tar consumed by distillation, total 633, 428 

Water-gas and oil-gas tar distilled by producers and tar distillers ^-- 35, 709 

Coal tar distilled or topped by byproduct coke-oven operators ^ 200, 570 

Coal tar distilled by tar distillers^ 397, 149 

Tar consumed chiefly as fuel tar, total 248, 365 

Water-gas and oil-gas tar consumed as fuel ^ 74, 915 

Coal tar sold or consumed as fuel by byproduct operators ^ 173, 450 

As fuel under boilers 863 

In open-hearth or affihated plants 156, 736 

Sold as fuel by byproduct operators to affiliates 688 

Sold as fuel by byproduct operators to others 15, 163 

See footnotes at end of table. 

7 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

SouTce'and'use'JQU 1,000 gaUona 

Consumption of tar — Continued 

Tar consumed otherwise than by distillation or as a fuel, total 92, 264 

Coal tar from retort plants sold for consumption 2« 19, 067 

Coal tar consumed in byproduct plants for roads and upkeep 5, 166 

Coal tar, water-gas and oil-gas tar processed at tar refineries and 

consumed in roads and upkeep at such refineries ^ 68, 031 

1 Estimated. Production reported to the U. S. Tariff Commission (150 million gallons) estimated to 
represent between 80 and S5 percent of the total production. 

2 Reported to the U. S. Bureau of Mines. 

3 Reported to the U. S. Tariff Commission. 

< Represents coal tar purchased from byproduct coke-oven and retort plants and distilled by chemical 
companies operating tar-distillation plants as reported to the U. S. Tariff Commission. Tar purchased and 
distilled by corporations affiliated with the byproduct coke-oven operators is included in the quantity of 
tar distilled and topped by these operators. 

' Represents data reported to the Federal Power Commission by gas-manufacturing plants. Consump- 
tion of water-gas and oil-gas tars as a fuel reported to the U. S. Tariff Commission (63 million gallons) esti- 
mated to represent between 80 and 85 percent of total consumption. 

9 Consumption of some of this coal tar from coal-tar retort plants may also be included in the data shown 
for tar distilled at tar refineries. 

' Partly estimated; includes crude tar used for refining and blending at refinery plants, and crude tar 
consumed in plant upkeep, roads, and for other purposes at tar refineries. 

Apparent consumption of all tars in 1944 slightly exceeded produc- 
tion and totaled about 974 million gallons. Of this quantity, 633 
milhon gallons was consumed by distillation. 

Byproduct coke-oven operators distilled or partially distilled 
(topped) 201 million gallons of coal tar m 1944 compared with 205 
million in 1943; tar-distilUng companies distilled 397 million gallons 
in 1944 compared with 408 million gallons m 1943. The total quantity 
of water-gas and oil-gas tar distilled was 36 million gallons in 1944 
compared with 69 million in 1943. Tar consumed as fuel m 1944 
amounted to 248 million gallons, an increase of about 44 million gallons 
over 1943; tar thus consumed consists chiefly of coal tar burned in 
open-hearth steel plants (or other plants affiliated with those owned 
by byproduct operators) and oil-gas and water-gas tar burned as fuel 
by gas companies. In 1944 about 92 million gallons of tar was con- 
sumed for road and plant maintenance, in blending, and for other 
purposes in refineries and byproduct plants. Tars consumed for 
these purjDoses amounted to 43 million gallons in 1943. The apparent 
increase of 49 million gallons in 1944 was due, in part, to more complete 
reporting by producers in that year. 

In 1944 sales of all tars amounted to 513 million gallons, valued at 
27 million dollars; of this quantity it is estimated that 84 million 
gallons, valued at 4.2 million dollars, represented the sales of oil-gas 
tar and water-gas tar combined. 

TAR CRUDES 

Before the war, United States production of coal-distillation prod- 
ucts such as coke-oven gas and coal tar was large enough to supply 
the domestic synthetic organic chemical industry with most of its 
raw materials (coal-tar crudes). Dming the war, however, as the 
demand for synthetic organic chemicals increased, the supply of 
crudes from coke-oven gas and coal tar became inadequate, and 
efforts were made to obtain more of these crudes from other sources, 
chiefly from petroleum crude hydrocarbons,^ from natmal gas, and 
from oil-gas and water-gas tar. 

I These crudes should not be confused with crude petroleum. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



9 



In 1944, increased quantities of benzene, toluene, and various crude 
tar acids were derived from coal tar, oil-gas tar, and water-gas tar. 
In addition, large quantities of crudes such as cresylic and naphthenic 
acids, toluene, butadiene, butanes, and ethylene were produced from 
petroleum. Ethylene, butane, butylene, and some of their derivatives 
were obtained also from natural gas or grain. 

Production and sales of the principal tar crudes (benzene, toluene, 
naphthalene, and creosote oil) in 1942, 1943, and 1944 and the average 
of 1937-41 are shown in table 2. 



Table 2. — Tar and tar crudes: Summary of production and sales of specified 
products, average, 1937-41, annual, 194^-44 



Chemical • 


Unit of 
quantity 


Average, 
1937-41 


1942 


1943 


Increase 
or de- 
crease 
(-), 1943 
over 1942 


1944 


Increase 
or de- 
crease 
(-), 1944 
over 1943 


Tar: Production 2 


1,000 gal_.-__ 

1,000 gal 

1,000 gal 

1,000 dol 

1,000 gal 

1,000 gal 

1,000 dol 

1,000 gal 

1,000 gal 

1,000 dol 

1,0001b 

1,0001b 

1,000 dol 

1,000 gal 

1,000 gal 

1,000 dol 


697, 600 

31,276 

28, 178 

3,616 

91, 465 

87, 278 
7,628 

25, 148 

24, 689 

5,884 

126, 213 

111, 468 

2,275 

113, 757 

112, 152 

13, 541 


931, 100 

85,2.57 
80, 779 
10, 487 

68, 662 

66, 698 

5,808 

43, 292 
43, 004 
11, 630 

250, 926 

220, 291 

5,407 

175, 297 
174, 733 
23, 779 


928, 100 

142, 047 
135, 960 

17, 864 

24, 390 

24, 530 

2,310 

96, 342 
90, 388 
28, 635 

305, 269 

235. 305 

5,785 

175, 186 
150, 669 
21, 714 


Percent 
-0.3 

66.6 
68.3 
70.3 

-64.5 
-63.2 
-60.2 

122.5 
110.2 
146.2 

21.7 
6.8 
7.0 

-.1 
-10.3 

-8.7 


967, 526 

178, 392 
172, 503 
23, 230 

(3) 
(3) 

134, 178 
127, 066 
39. 873 

301, 1.38 

240, 512 

5,898 

161,152 
163, 293 
22, 175 


Percent 
4.2 


Benzene: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Motor benzene: 
Production— -- 


25.6 
26.9 
30.0 


Sales 








Toluene: 
Production 


39.3 


Sales 

Sales value 


40.6 
3Q.2 


Naphthalene: 
Production 

Sales 


-1.4 
2.2 


Sales value 


1.9 


Creosote oil: 
Production 

Sales - . 


-8.0 
4.2 


Sales value - -- 


2.1 







' For detailed explanation of data included in statistics shown m this table, see table 3A. 

2 Includes estimated production of water-gas and oil-gas tar. 

' Data reported to the U. S. TarilT Commission by tar distillers cannot be published because they would 
disclose the operations of individual companies. Data reported to the U. S. Bureau of Mines by byproduct 
operators were as follows: Production, 18,557,000 gal.; sales, 17,289,000 gal.; and sales value, $1,547,000. 

Large quantities of benzene were used to make styrene in 1944. 
Styrene constitutes about 25 percent by weight of all the synthetic 
rubber of the GK.-S type, which is used chiefly for automobile, bus, and 
airplane tires. Additional quantities of benzene were used also to pro- 
duce synthetic cumene (isopropyl benzene), which was employed as 
an additive to aviation fuel; to produce monochlorobenzene for 
making phenol and other products used in plastics materials ; and to 
produce explosives, dyes, and pharmaceuticals. In 1944 production 
of benzene amounted to 178 million gallons, or 36 million gallons 
more than the quantity reported in 1943, the largest up to that time. 
Part of the extra supply was obtained by distilling imported crude 
materials to produce a high-grade benzene, and part by recovering 
more benzene from motor benzene, a mixture containing 3 parts of 
benzene to 1 part of toluene. Before the war, motor benzene was 
made in large quantities as a motor fuel, but during the war production 
of this product decreased sharply. 



10 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

In 1944 approximately three times as much toluene was produced 
from petroleum, by distillation, cracking, reforming, hydrogenation, 
and other chemical processes, as was produced from tar. The output 
of toluene, excluding Ordnance plants, in 1944 totaled 134 million 
gallons, or 39 percent more than in 1943. Most of the toluene was 
used in the production of explosives. 

Naphthalene has important uses as a raw material in synthetic 
resins, dyes, moth repellents, and other products. Large amounts 
are consumed in the production of phthalic anhydride to make alkyd 
resins, phthalate plasticizers, and mosquito repellents such as dimethyl 
phthalate. Production in 1944 remained at about the 1943 level of 
slightly more than 300 million pounds, which is about the limit for 
economical production of naphthalene with the available facilities. 

Creosote oil is a name loosely applied to certain middle and heavy 
oil distillates consisting usually of mixtures of cresols and xylenols 
and their derivatives, anthracene oil, naphthalene, and some phenols. 
After the removal of the more important tar acids, creosote oil is made 
by blending the residue with several other distillate fractions. The 
composition of the mixture is varied according to consumer preference. 
Creosote oil is used chiefly as a wood preservative in railroad ties, 
telephone poles, and pilings. In 1944 the output of creosote oil 
amounted to 161 million gallons, a decrease from the level of about 
175 million gallons in 1943 and in 1942, but still well above the 1937-41 
average of 114 million. The recent decrease was due, in part, to the 
diversion of the tar-acid content of creosote oil to the manufacture of 
plastics materials as a result of War Production Board General Prefer- 
ence Order M-27. The increased consumption of coal tar as fuel 
possibly had some effect on the supplies of creosote oil. 

Detailed statistics of production and sales of tar crudes and such 
residual tar crude products as pitch and tar coke are shown in table 
3 A (see also table 3B, part III, for an alphabetical list of these prod- 
ucts in which the manufacturers are identified). 

Owing to increased road construction, production of road tars was 
161 million gallons in 1944 compared with 151 million in 1943. 
Pitch has important applications in the manufacture of roofing ma- 
terials and special electrodes. The output of 1.3 million tons in 1944 
was, however, only slightly larger than that of 1943 because of the 
heavy demand for the lighter distillate fractions. 

Recovery of crude tar acids, which represent a mixture of crude 
xylenols and phenols, was pushed to the limit in 1944; so was pro- 
duction of road tars, roofing and coating tars, and pitch. 

An accurate total value of production of the products listed in 
table 3 A cannot be computed as it is no,t practicable to eliminate all 
duplication contained in the figures shown. Nevertheless, an idea of 
the magnitude of this value can be gained by multiplying the quan- 
tities of each produced by the unit value of sales of the several items. 
In 1944 the value of production of tar crudes, tar pitches, and tar 
coke thus calculated was about 147 million dollars compared with 138 
million in 1943. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



11 



Table 3A. — Organic chemicals:^ United States production and sales of tar crudes, 

1944 

[Listed below are all tar crudes for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. 
Table 3B in part III lists alphabetically all those products for which data on production or sales were 
reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Product 



Unit of 
quantity 



Produc- 
tion 



Sales 



Quan- 
tity 



Value 



Unit 
value 2 



Crude light oil 

Light oil distillates: 

Benzene, except motor benzene 3 ___ 

Motor benzene * 

Toluene, except aviation grade: 
Produced at byproduct plants and tar re- 
fineries 

Produced at petroleum refineries 5 

Toluene, aviation grade ^ ' 

Xylene * 

Solvent naphtha 

Other light oil distillates * 

Pyridine: * 

Crude 

Refined 

Naphthalene, crude (solidifying under 79° C.)'- 
Creosote oil (distillate as such and in coal-tar 

solution) 

Crude tar acids: 

From 5% to 24% 

Other crude tar acids 

Carbolic oil, light and heavy * 

Sodium phenolate * 

Coal tar sold or consumed in coal-tar solution K 

All other distillate products i" 

Blended tars (crude and refined) for coatings, 

satura tings, etc 

Road tars 

Pitch of tar, soft * " 

Pitch of tar, medium 12 

Pitch of tar, hard '3 

Pitch of tar coke '* 



1,000 gaL. 

1,000 gal_- 
1,000 gal.- 

1,000 gal.. 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal.. 
1,000 gal__ 
1,000 gal.. 
1,000 gal_. 

1,000 gal.. 
1,000 gal__ 
1,000 1b... 

1,000 gal_. 

1,000 gaL. 
1,000 gal.. 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gaL. 
1,000 gal.. 
1,000 gal.. 

1,000 gaL. 
1,000 gaL. 
1,000 tons. 
1,000 tons. 
1,000 tons. 
1,000 tons. 



284, 849 



178, 392 
18, 557 



37, 771 
62, 693 
33, 714 
8,669 
7,139 
36, 170 

485 

135 

301, 138 

161, 152 

13, 548 
6,261 
1,477 
3, 318 
10, 7o2 
11, 226 

49, 561 
160, 976 
380 
214 
707 
104 



38, 330 

172, 503 
17, 289 



36, 946 
60, 155 
29, 965 
8,903 
6,669 
32, 463 

434 

135 

240, 512 

163, 293 

13, 467 
1,748 
1,480 
3, 213 

11, 439 
9,776 

44, 572 

160, 825 

53 

183 

358 

99 



1,000 
dollars 
3,407 

23, 230 
1,547 



10, 070 
19, 295 
10, 508 
2,284 
1,196 
4,950 

305 

472 

5,898 

22, 175 

1,625 
265 
155 
187 
928 

2.046 

2,795 
12, 983 
572 
3,418 
3,898 
1,236 



.135 



.273 
.321 
.351 
.257 
.179 
.152 

.701 

3.490 

.025 

.136 

.121 
.151 
.105 
.058 
.081 
.209 

.062 
.081 
10. 859 
18. 637 
10. 888 
12. 483 



' Data for coke ovens and gas-retort ovens reported to the Coal Economics Division, U. S. Bureau of 
Mines, and for tar refineries and others to the U. S. Tariff Commission unless otherwise noted. 

2 Unit value per gallon, pound, or ton according to the unit of quantity shown. 

3 Does not include benzene produced from petroleum. 

* Product of coke-oven operators only; reported to the U. S. Bureau of Mines. 

5 Does not include toluene produced under Ordnance control in petroleum refineries, but does include 
toluene produced from petroleum in plants not under such control. 

s All aviation grade was produced in petroleum refineries. 

' Reported to the U. S. Tarifl' Commission only. 

8 Includes data of production and sales of motor benzene and xylene reported to the U. S. Tarifl Com- 
mission by tar distillers only. The statistics have been combined in order to prevent the disclosure of the 
operation of individual producers. 

' Included in the statistics are data for three grades of crude naphthalene combined to prevent the dis- 
closure of the operations of individual companies. These are the grade solidifying at less than 74° C. as 
produced for sale only, and the grades solidifying at 74° C. to less than 76° C. and at 76° C. to less than 79° 
C. produced both for consumption within the producing plants and for sale. As ttiere is some conversion 
between grades, the data include some duplication. 

1" Includes anthracene; cumene; cresylic acid, crude; and pyridine, crude and scmirefined, all reported 
to the U. S. Tarifl: Commission, and other tar distillate products reported to the Coal Economics Division 
of the U. S. Bureau of Mines and the U. S. Tarift' Commission. 

» Water softening pomt less than 110° F. ASTM D61-2L 

12 Water softening point 110° to 160° F. Includes data of production and sales of soft pitch of tarxeported 
to the U. S. Tariff Commission. These data have been combined in order to prevent the disclosure of the 
operations of individual producers. 

" Softening point above 160° F. 

1* Includes some pitch emulsion. 



697646 — 4C 



12 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



CRUDE PRODUCTS FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS 

Statistics on the production and sales of chemical raw materials 
derived from petroleum and natural gas were first reported to the 
Tariff Commission in 1943. In that year more than 1.5 billion 
pounds of these materials, excluding toluene, were produced for pur- 
poses other than for fuel. In 1944 the output of these products 
totaled 2.8 billion pounds; sales were 2.5 billion pounds, valued at 
194 million dollars. Production and sales of chemical raw materials 
from petroleum and natural gas are shown in table 4 A (see also table 
4B, part III, for an alphabetical list of these products in which the 
manufacturers are identified). 

Naphthenic acid, cresylic acid, xylene, and the C2 to C4 hydro- 
carbons are some of the raw materials derived from petroleum. 
Cresylic acid is used chiefly to make plastics materials and plasticizers. 
Salts of naphthenic acids are employed mainly as paint driers and 
antimildew agents. The C2 and C4 hydrocarbons are used in the 
manufacture of synthetic rubber, solvents, and other hydrocarbon 
derivatives, all of which will probably have large peacetime uses. 
Production of most items in this group, particularly the hydro- 
carbons used in synthetic rubber, increased in 1944 compared with 
1943. The output of butadiene alone (not counting that made from 
alcohol) rose from about 100 million pounds in 1943 to nearly half a 
billion pounds in 1944. 



Table 4A. — Organic chemicals: United States production and sales of crude 
products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion, 1944 

[Listed below are the crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which 
any reported data on production or sales may be published. Table 4B in part III lists alphabetically 
all those products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which data on production 
or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Product 



Total 

Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be 
shown ' : 

Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown 
below 

Crude products from petroleum: 2 

Cresylic acid, crude 

Naphthenic acid 

Xylene, all grades < 

Hydrocarbons: 

Ci hydrocarbons: Ethylene ^ 

C3 hydrocarbons: Propane and propylene 

C4 hydrocarbons: 

1,3-Butadiene, grade for rubber '-, 

1-Butene and 2-butene mixture...' 

All other - 



Produc- 
tion 



1,000 pounds 
2, 804, 625 



674, 362 
2, 130, 263 



0) 

28, 462 
354, 639 

272, 188 
214, 559 

488, 945 
202, 380 
569, 090 



Sales 



Quantity Value Unit value 



IfiOOpounds 
2, 547, 196 



646, 788 
1, 900, 408 



15, 524 
245, 048 

216, 733 
187, 100 

482, 744 
200, 774 
551. 885 



1,000 dollars 
193, 665 



8,015 
185, 650 



1,346 

4,875 

9,801 
1,438 

143, 450 

4,001 

20, 739 



Per pound 
$0. 076 



.012 
.097 



(3) 



.087 
.020 



.045 
.008 



.020 
.038 



' Represents statistics on production and sales of benzene and other crude products from petroleum, 
other petroleum-derived hydrocarbons, and some material derived from natural gas. Data for toluene 
produced at petroleum refineries not under Ordnance control are shown in table 3A. 

' The chemical raw materials designated as crude products from petroleum may include some compounds 
identical with those obtained by the carbonization of coal or the processing of coal tar; those derived from 
coal tar, however, are excluded from this table. 

3 Statistics on production and sales of crude cresylic acid from petroleum have been included with data 
for the chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown in order to prevent the disclosure of opera- 
tions of individual producers. In 1944 the production of cresylic acid, crude, from petroleum and coal tar 
combined amounted to 29,052,000 pounds; total sales were 26,175,000 pounds, valued at $1,302,000. 

* Includes all grades of xylene; nitration grade 1°, aviation grade, and all other grades. 

* Statistics on production and sales of ethylene and butadiene produced from alcohol are given in table 21A. 



PART II. PRODUCTION AND SALES OF INTERMEDIATES AND 
FINISHED SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, BY GROUPS 

GENERAL 

In this report, synthetic organic chemicals are grouped according to 
their principal uses. These groups, in turn, are subdivided according 
to chemical classes into cyclic and acyclic compounds. 

In 1944, production of all cyclic and acyclic synthetic organic chem- 
icals combined (intermediates and finished products) totaled 14.9 
billion pounds compared with 12.1 billion in 1943; sales in 1944 were. 
10.1 billion pounds, valued at 2.0 billion dollars, a gain of 37 percent 
in quantity and 40 percent in value over the corresponding figures 
for 1943. 

Production and sales statistics of intermediates and finished syn- 
thetic organic chemicals by major groups in 1943 and 1944 are shown 
in table 5 for general comparative purposes. 



Table 5. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary of United States production and 
sales of intermediates and finished products, average, 1938-42, annual, 1943-44 

[Production and sales in thousands of pounds; sales value in thousands of dollars] 



Chemical 



Average, 
1938-42 



Increase or 

decrease (— ), 

1943 over 

1938-42 



Increase or 

decrease (—), 

1944 over 

1943 



Production, grand total- 
Sales, grand total 

Sales value, grand total.. 



I. ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 
CYCLIC 1 



Production, total- 
Sales, total 

Sales value, total. 



A. Intermediates 



Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Number of manufacturers *. 



B. Finished Products 



Production, total- 
Sales, total 

Sales value, total. 



1. Dyes 



Production, total 

Sales, total 

Sales value, total 

Number of manufactm-ers 2. 



a. Colour Index Group 



Production- 
Sales 

Sales value. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



5, 688, 025 

3, 043, 104 

556, 507 



1, 386, 669 
847, 831 
267, 824 



819, 037 

377, 544 

53, 763 



567, 632 
470, 287 
214, 061 



130, 064 
129, 324 
82, 501 



105, 246 
105, 229 
54, 682 



12, 069, 552 
7, 334, 050 
1, 431, 894 



3, 035, 617 

2, 305, 007 

619, 869 



1,637,275 

1, 032, 439 

134, 988 

101 



1, 398, 342 
1, 272, 568 

484, 881 



144, 013 

145, 499 

105, 350 

46 



107, 147 
108, 724 
60, 267 



Percent 
112.2 
141.0 
157.3 



118.9 
17L9 
131.4 



100.0 
173.5 
151.1 



146.3 
170.6 
126.5 



10.7 
12.5 
27.7 



1.8 
3.3 
10.2 



14, 929, 550 
10, 061, 193 
2, 004, 621 



4, 805, 870 

3, 938, 432 

881, 299 



2, 143, 305 

1, 555, 749 

184, 660 

101 



2, 662, 565 

2, 382, 683 

696, 639 



151, 653 

160, 049 

110, 748 

45 



109, 870 
108, 320 
59, 861 



Percent 

23.7 
37.2 
40.0 



58.3 
70.9 
42.2 



30.9 

50.7 
36.8 



90.4 

87.2 
43.7 



5.3 
3.1 
5.1- 



2.5 
-.4 
-.7 



13 



14 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 5. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary of United States production 
and sales of intermediates and finished products, average, 1938—43, annual, 
1943-44 — Continued 

[Production and sales in thousands of pounds; sales value in thousands of dollars] 



Chemical 


Average, 
1938-42 


1943 


Increase or 

decrease (— ), 

1943 over 

1938-42 


1944 


Increase or 

decrease (— ), 

1944 over 

1943 


I. ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 
CYCLIC— Continued 

B. Finished Products— Continued 

1. Dj/es— Continued 

b. Prototype Group 


(3) 
(') 

24,818 
24, 095 
27, 819 

19,045 
16, 914 
12, 635 


20, 098 

19, 605 
25, 041 

16,768 
17, 170 

20, 042 

16,317 

14,970 

10, 358 

45 

51,633 

47, 262 

120,869 

97 

9, 559 

9, 516 

11,920 

35 

380, 523 

337, 654 

76, 761 

112 

61,710 

58, 300 

23, 628 

10 

413, 90S 

401,056 

74, 355 

14 

320, 679 

258,311 

61,640 

92 


Percent 


26,314 

26, 062 
32, 027 

1.5,469 
15, 667 
18, 860 

19,197 

18, 401 

13, 793 

45 

35, 353 

33, 103 

94, 039 

98 

11,726 

11,050 

14,565 

38 

404,113 
380, 822 

83, 264 
111 

73, 774 
66, 260 

27, 446 

10 

1, 500, 993 

1,395,136 

268,315 

16 

465, 756 
327, 862 

84, 469 
110 


Percent 

30.9 


Sales 




32.9 


Sales value 




27.9 


c. Ungrouped 
Production ' - . _ - 


-32.4 

-28.7 
-28.0 

-14.3 
-11.5 
-18.0 


-7.7 


Sales 


-8.8 


Sales value .-. --- 


-5.9 


?. Lakes and Toners 
Production . 


17.7 


Sales 


22.9 


Sales value .- 


33.2 


Number of manufacturers 2 




S. Medicinals 
Production, ._ 


22, 820 
19, 678 
34, 173 


126.3 
140.2 
253.7 


-31.5 


Sales ... 


-30.0 


Sales value ... .. 


-22.2 


Number of manufacturers 2 _ 




4. Flavor and Perfume Materials 

Production 

Sales .._ 


7,543 
6,912 
7,946 


26.7 
37.7 
50.0 


22.7 
16.1 


Sales value ... 


22.2 


Number of manufacturers 2. _ .. 




5. Plastics Materials 

Production 

Sales 


229,810 
175,427 
43, 364 


65. 6 
92.5 
77.0 


6.2 
12.8 


Sales value 


8.5 


Number of manufacturers 2 , 




e. Rtibber-Processing Chemicals 
Production 


33, 068 
25, 557 
11,654 


86.6 
128.1 
102.7 


19.5 


Sales 


13.7 


Sales value 


16.2 


Number of manufacturers 2 




7. Elastomers {Synthetic Rubbers) 
Production 


0) 




262.6 


Sales 




247.9 


Sales value ... 




260.9 


Number of martufacturers 2.. 






8. Miscellaneous ' 
Production 


125, 282 
96, 475 
21, 788 


156.0 
167.7 
182.9 


45.2 


Sales.. 


26.9 


Sales value 


37.0 


Number of manufacturers 2. _ 





See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



15 



Table 5. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary of United States production 
and sales of intermediates and finished products, average, 1938-42, annual, 
1943-4.4 — Continued 

[Production and sales in thousands of pounds; sales value in thousands of dollars] 



Chemical 



Average, 
1938-42 



1943 



Increase or 

decrease (— ), 

1943 over 

1938-42 



1944 



Increase or 

decrease (— ), 

1944 over 

1943 



II. ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 
ACYCLIC (INTERMEDIATES 
AND FINISHED PRODUCTS) « 



Production, total - 

Sales, total 

Sales value, total. 



1. Medicinals 



Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Number of manufacturers 2. 



2. Flavor and Perfume Materials 



Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Number of manufacturers - 



?. Plastics Materials 



Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Number of manufacturers 2. 



i. Rubber-Processing Chemicals 



Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Number of manufacturers 2. 



6. Elastomers (Synthetic Rubbers) 



Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Number of manufacturers 2. 



6. Miscellaneous ' 



Production '... 

Sales 

Sales value 

Number of manufacturers 2. 



4, 301, 356 

2, 195, 273 

288, 683 



2,214 
1,709 
5,666 



2,620 
2,502 
2,282 



72, 664 
65, 367 
35, 093 



14, 203 
13, 239 
3, 355 



■ 42, 423 
' 33, 598 
7 19, 788 



I 4, 209, 655 

12,112,456 

8 242, 287 



9, 033, 935 

5, 029, 043 

812, 025 



4,062 

4,541 

18, 770 

67 



3,687 

3,573 

3,933 

26 



273, 415 

230, 179 

101,430 

65 



19,213 

18, 975 

7,509 

14 



1.58, 801 

151, 560 

82. 022 

12 



8, 574, 757 

4, 620, 215 

598, 361 

165 



110.0 
129.1 
181.3 



83.5 
165.7 
231.3 



40.7 
42.8 
72.3 



276.3 
252.1 
189.0 



3.5.3 
43.3 
123.8 



274.3 
351.1 
314.5 



103.7 
118.7 
147.0 



10, 123, 680 
6,122.701 
1,123,322 



3,398 
3,109 

17, 756 
67 



4,553 

4,514 

4,546 

25 



378, 239 

316, 506 

128, 078 

59 



18, 865 

18, 465 

14, 629 

13 



256, 917 

233, 301 

85, 435 

14 



9, 461, 708 

5, 546, 866 

872, 878 

168 



12.1 
21.7 
38.3 



-16.3 
-31.5 
-5.4 



23.5 
26.3 
15.6 



38.3 
37.5 
26.3 



-1.8 
-2.7 
94.8 



61.8 
53.9 
4.2 



10.3 
20.1 
45.9 



' Before 1941 this group included only cyclic organic chemicals derived from coal tar. The statistics 
shown for 1941-44 include alicyclic, heterocyclic, and terpenoid compounds, as well as benzenoid (coal-tar) 
chemicals. 

2 Number of companies engaged in the manufacture of these products, not the number of producing 
establishments or plants, except that separate divisions of large corporations are considered as separate 
companies if their operations are virtually independent of the parent organization. 

3 Included with ungrouped dyes. 

* Cyclic elastomers are included with acyclic elastomers to avoid disclosure of confidential information. 

6 Includes totals of plasticizers and surface-active agents. 

6 Before 1941 this group included all synthetic organic chemicals not derived from coal tar and therefore 
contained certain alicyclic and terpenoid compounds as well as acyclic organic chemicals. In the statistics 
shown for 1941-44 only acyclic chemicals are included in this group. 

' 2-year average, 1941^2. Elastomers are included with miscellaneous chemicals for 5-year average 
1938-42 and therefore are not considered again in arriving at the 5-year average totals for acyclic interme- 
diates and finished products. 

8 Includes elastomers. 



16 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSIOlSr 

The output of all cyclic intermediates and cyclic finished products 
(such as dyes, color lakes and toners, flavor and perfume materials, 
plastics materials, rubber-processing chemicals, elastomers, and 
miscellaneous chemicals) m 1944 totaled 4.8 billion pounds, of which 
cyclic finished products represented 2.7 million pounds, an increase of 
90 percent over 1943. Cyclic elastomers accounted for most of this 
increase. 

Total production of acyclic intermediates and acyclic finished chem- 
ical products (the intermediates are not shown separately from the 
finished products) amounted to 10.1 billion pounds in 1944, or 68 per- 
cent of all synthetic organic chemicals. This production represented 
an increase of 12 percent over the output of 9.0 billion pounds in 1943. 
The principal acyclic groups showmg large gains in output in 1944 were 
elastomers (the increases amounting to 62 percent) , plastics materials 
(38 percent), and flavor and perfume materials (24 percent). Produc- 
tion of acyclic medicinals decreased 16 percent and that of rubber- 
processing chemicals, 2 percent. 

INTERMEDIATES 

Cyclic intermediates are semifinished materials of commerce from 
which finished synthetic products, such as dyes, medicinals, explosives, 
plastics materials, flavor and perfume materials, and elastomers, are 
made. There is no rigid distinction between intermediates and 
finished products: some intermediates are chemically converted to 
finished products or may be sold without further processing as 
finished products. p-Dichlorobenzene, for example, may be employed 
as a coupling agent in the production of various dyes, or it may be 
recrystallized and packaged for use as a moth repellent or a deodorant. 
In general, the classic v,ci.cw„ . f materials m this report is determined 
by the manner in which most of a given product is consumed. Cyclic 
intermediates are generally of coal-tar origin, but more recently 
increasing quantities of them are being manufactured from petroleum 
raw materials. 

Production and sales of cyclic intermediates in 1944 are shown in 
table 6A (see also table 6B, part III, for an alphabetical list of these 
products in which the manufacturers are identified). Production of 
cyclic intermediates in 1944 totaled 2.1 billion pounds. This quantity 
exceeds that reported in 1943 by 30.9 percent, thus continuing the 
sharp upward trend of the five previous years. Sales of 1.6 billion 
pounds of intermediates in 1944 accounted for 72 percent of the total 
quantity produced; the rest was consumed by the original producers 
in the manufacture of finished products. 

A much greater proportional increase occurred in production of 
intermediates used in the manufacture of synthetic elastomers (such 
as GR-S, GR-A, and GR-M) than in the production of all mter- 
mediates. The output of styrene, an important constituent of GR-S, 
in 1944 rose 260 percent. The production of intermediates used 
chiefly m synthetic resins remained at the high levels of the previous 
year or slightly exceeded them; production of phenol and phthalic 
anhydride, for example, increased 4 and 8 percent, respectively. 
Phenol is used chiefly in phenolic resins. Phthalic anhydride is used 
in alkyd resins, plasticizers, and insect repellents. Production of the 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



17 



Table 6A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 

cyclic intermediates, 1944 

[Listed below are all cyclic intermediate synthetic organic chemicals for which any reported data on produc- 
tion or sales may be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are confidential and may not 
be pubhshed or where no data were reported.) Table 6B in part III lists alphabetically all cyclic inter- 
mediate synthetic organic chemicals for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies 
the manufacturer of each] 



Product 


Production 


Sales 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit value 


Total 


1,000 pounds 
2, 143, 305 


1,000 pounds 
1, 555, 749 


1,000 dollars 
184, 660 


PeT pound 
$0.12 


Chemicals for which separate statistics may not 
be shown.. 


764, 561 
1, 378, 744 

6 

5,302 

507 

5,914 

224 

75 

2,190 

804 

54 

25 

66 

35 
35 

337 
176 

1,168 


752, 978 
802, 771 


91,975 
92, 685 




Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown 




5-Acetamido-8-ammo-2- and 3-naphthalene sulfonic 
acid (Acetylamino Cleve's acid) 




Acetanilide, tech 








p-Acetotoluide . _. .. 








N-Acetylsulfanilyl chloride (p-Acetamidoben- 
zenesulfonyl chloride) 


692 


305 


44 


p-Amtnoacetanilide 




5-Amino-2-anilinobenzenesulfonic acid 








1-Aminoanthraquinone and salt . ... 








2-Aminoanthraciuinone and salt 








6-Amino-3,4'-azobis(benzenesulfonic acid) 








6-(m-Aminobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonicacid 
(m-Ammobenzoyl J acid) 








6-(p-Aminobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-suIfonicacid 
(p-AminobenzoylJ acid) 








2-Amino-p-benzenedisulfonic acid (Aniluio-2,5-di- 
sulfonic acid) 








3-Amino-6-chlorobenzoic acid 








2-Amuio-5-chloro-p-toIuenesulfonic acid (Lake 
red C amine)... 


70 


53 


76 


3-Amino-l,5-iiaphthalenedisulfonieacid 




6- Amino-1 ,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid ... 








7-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Amino 
Gacid) 


2 


1 


.47 


8-Amino-l,6-naphthalenedisulfonic acid and salt... 


88 
1,850 

218 
120 

282 

80 

411 

107 

2,795 

3,549 
1,583 

730 

889 

49 
44 
16 

211 
38 

650 
46 

110 
49 

818 

218 
89, 130 

93 

23 

225 




2-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Tobias acid). 

5-AmLno-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Laurent's 

acid) . ... 


832 


430 


.52 


5-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid_ 








5- and 8-Ammo-2-naphthalenesuUonic acids 
(Cleve's acid) .. .. 


23 


13 


54 


6-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Broenner's 
acid) __ _ 




8- Amino-1-naphthalenesulfonic acid 








8-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 








8-Amino-l,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid 








8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid, mono- 
sodium salt (H acid) _ - _ 








1- Amino-2-naphthol-4-sulf onic acid . 








6-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid, sodium salt 
(J acid) - - 


77 


153 


1 98 


7-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid, sodium salt 
(Gamma acid) 




S-Amino-l-naphthol-5-sulfonic acid, sodium salt 
(vSacid) 








2-Amino-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid- __ __ 








4'-Amino-4-nitrodiplienylamine-2-sulfonic acid 








2-Amino-4-nitrophenol- ... 








o-.\minophenol 

p-Aminophenol and salts.-. 


40 
552 


59 
325 


1.47 
.59 


2- Amino-l-phenol-4-sulfonic acid . 




m- (p- Aminophenylazo) benzenesulfonic acid. . . _ . 








p- (p-Aminophenylazo) benzenesulfonic acid 








2-Aminothiazole . _ _. ... 








4-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid . 








Aniline (Aniline oil) ... . _ . 


42, 606 


4,338 


.10 


6-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (Phenyl J 
acid) - _ . . . 




7-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfomc acid (Phenyl 
gamma acid). ... _. 








N-(p-Anisyl)-4-chIoroanthranilic acid, potassium 
salt (3-Chloro-4'-methoxy-6-diphenylamine-car- 
boxylicacid, potassium salt) 









18 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 6A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
cyclic intermediates, 1944 — Continued 

[Listed below are all cyclic intermediate synthetic organic chemicals for ■which any reported data on produc- 
tion or sales may be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are confidential and may not 
be published or where no data were reported.) Table 6B in part III lists alphabetically all cyclic inter- 
mediate synthetic organic chemicals for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies 
the manufacturer of each] 



Product 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit value 



Anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonic acid and salt 

l-Anthraquinonesulfonic acid and salt 

Anthrarufin (l,5-Dihydro.\yanthraquinone) 

Benzaldehy de, tech 

3-(4-Benzamido-l-anthraquinonylimino)-5-benza- 

midoanthraquinone 

l-Benzamido-5-chloroanthraquinone 

6-Benzamido-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (Benzoyl J 

acid) 

7-Benz[de]anthracen-7-one (Benzanthrone) 

Benzenesulfonie acid and salt. 

Benzidine hydrochloride and sulfate 

p,p'-Bis(dimethylamino)bcnzophenone(Michler's 

ketone) 

N,N'-Bis-6-(l-naphthol-3-sulfonie acid)urea(J acid 

urea) ._ 

3-Bromo-7-benz[de]anthi acen-7-one 

4-Chloro-o-anisidine _-_ _._ 

1-Chloroanthraquinone _-_ 

2-Chloroanthrftquinone 

o-Chlorobenzal(iehyde 

Chlorobenzene , mono 

Chlorobenzoylbenzoie acid 

1-C hloro-2,4-dinitrobenzenc 

Chloromcthylanthraquinone -. 

2-Chloro-4-nitroaniline 

4-Chloro-2-nitroaniline 

2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzoic acid -- 

o-Chlorophenol _ 

a-Chlorotoluene (Benzyl chloride) 

(4-Chloro-o-tolylmercapto)acetic acid 

Cresols, total i 



1 ,000 pounds 

140 

4,629 

157 

2,230 

106 
,"12 

6 
1,361 

n 

2,108 

110 

247 

214 

91 

289 

577 

167 

212,455 

1,641 

18, 556 

270 

172 

168 

283 

33 



1 ,000 pounds 



1,000 dollars 



Per pound 



Cresol (meta, para) ' 

Cresol (ortho, meta, para) 

o-Cresol ) 

Another 



Cresylic acid, refined i ^ 

2,6-Diaminoanthraquinone 

4,4'-Diamino-3,3'-biphenyldisulfonie acid 

2,2'-Diamino-5,5'-bi-m-toluenesulfonic acid 

4,4'-Diamino-l,l'-dianthraquinonylamine 

4,4'-Diaminodiphenylamine-2-sulfonic acid 

N,N'-Di(m-amuiophenyl)oxamide (O.xalyl-m- 

phenylenediamine) 

4,4'-Diamino-2,2'-stUbenedisulfonic acid 

l,l'-DianthraquLnonylamine 

2',7'-Dibromofluoresceiii 

2,5-Dichloroaniline 

o-Dichlorobenzene 

p-Dichlorobenzene 

3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine and sulfate. 

2,4-Dichlorobenzoic acid _. 

6,9-Dichloro-2-methoxyacridine 

l,4-Dichloro-2-nitrobenzene 

l-(2,5-Dichloro-4-sulfophenyl)-3-methyl-5-pyrazo- 

lone.- 

2,4-Dichlorotoluene 

N,N-Diethylaniline 

4,5-Dihydroxy-l-naphthalenesulfonie acid (Dioxy 

Sacid) 

N,N-Dimethylaniline 

2,2'-Dimethyl-l,r-bianthraquinone 

N,N'-Dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine and hydro- 
chloride 

2,4-Dinitrophenol, tech 

4,4'-Dinitro-2,2'-stilbenedisulfonic acid 

8-Diphenylamino-l,6-naphthalenedisulfonie acid . 

«-(N-E thylanilino) -p-toluenesulfonic acid 

See footnotes at end ot table. 



3,730 
62 



6, 141 
7,337 
3,625 



29, 859 

65 

5 

17 

324 

17 

9 

226 

274 

7 

176 

12,333 

24, 649 

398 

531 

342 

346 

109 
337 

472 

11 

7,274 
181 



482 
82 
457 



2,204 



363 

2,845 



13, 101 



m 

2,484 
10,617 

28, 628 



127 

9, 856 

23, 900 

323 

463 



883 



100 



517 
1,336 



318 
1,018 

2,225 



20 
62 
566 
2. 152 
376 
454 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



19 



Table 6A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
cyclic intermediates, 1944- — Continued 

[Listed below are all cyclic intermediate synthetic organic chemicals for which any reported data on produc- 
tion or sales may be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are confidential and may not 
be published or where no data were reported.) Table 6B in part III lists alphabetically all cyclic inter- 
mediate synthetic organic chemicals for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies 
the manufacturer of each] 





Production 


Sales 


Product 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit value 




1,000 pounds 

48 

285 

96 

3, 651 

312 

14 
215 

39 
537 

983 
119 

27 

81,588 
181 

1,574 
731 
562 

1,167 
119 
237 

3,803 


1,000 pounds 


1,000 dollars 


Per pound 




















3,449 


1,932 


$0.56 


l,l'-Iminobis(4-benzamidoanthraquinone) 

6,6'-Iminqbis(l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid) (I or J 


































p,p'-Methylenebis(N,N-dimethylaniline) (Tetra- 








3-Methyl-l-phenyl-5-pyrazolone (Developer Z) — 

Methylphenylpyrazolone-4-sulfon ic acid 

Naphthalene, solidifying at 79'' C. or above, re- 
fined, flake - 














40, 528 


3,044 


.08 






Naphthionic acid (4-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfon- 








a-Naphthol - 


368 


189 


.52 






2-Naphthol-6,8-disulfonic acid and salt 


70 


37 


.53 






2-Naphthol-6-sulfonic acid (Schaeffer's acid) 


75 
559 
228 


34 
160 
106 


.45 
.29 


2-Naphthylamine - 


.47 




217 
73 

24 

69 

118,928 

675 

289 

213 

168 

1,069 

1,007 

201, 993 












6-(m-Nitrobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid 








6-(p-Nitrobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid 










3,876 


287 


.09 






































2-Nitro-p-toluidine - 


658 
176,110 


651 
16, 527 


.99 


Phenol, total i 


.09 




28, 852 

2,233 

26, 619 

173, 141 

352 
61 

152 
1,050 

163 

9 

5,567 

158 
150 

278 
122,723 

1,614 


27, 305 

3,230 

24, 075 

148, 805 

367 

57 


2,352 

309 

2,043 

14, 175 

50 

58 


.09 


39° Cm. p. 1 


.10 




.08 


Synthetic ... 


.10 




.14 




1.03 


p-Phenylazoaniline (Aminoazobenzene) and hy- 




































2,2'-Phenyliminodiethanol (Phenyldiethanola- 
mine) (N ,N'-B is (2-hydroxyethyl) aniline) . - 














N-Phenyl-l-naphthylamiiie-8-sulfonic acid (Phen- 








Phthalic anhydride - 


87, 117 
1,366 


10, 934 
317 


.13 




.23 








1, l.?0 
484 

149 

1,029 

349, 367 

518 


1,005 
361 

119 

443 

348, 747 


180 
137 

87 

649 

41,343 


.18 


All other . . 


.38 




.72 


Quinizarin (1,4-Dihydroxyanthraquinone) 


1.47 
.12 


1 ,4,5,8-Tetrachloroanthraquinone 





See footnotes at end ofltable. 



20 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 6A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
cyclic intermediates, 1944 — Continued 

[Listed below are all cyclic intermediate synthetic organic chemicals for which any reported data on produc- 
tion or sales may be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are confidential and may not 
be published or where no data were reported.) Table 6B in part III lists alphabetically all cyclic inter- 
mediate synthetic organic chemicals for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies 
the manufacturer of each] 



Product 


Production 


Sales 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit value 


1,4,5,8 - TetrakisCl - anthraquinonylamino)anthra- 
quinone (Penta-anthramide) , _ . 


1,000 pounds 

1, 665 

172 


1,000 pounds 


1,000 dollars 


Per pound 


a-Toluicacid, ethyl ester (Phenylacetic acid, ethyl 
ester) (Ethyl phenylacetate)- 








p-Toluidine - .. 


1,019 


457 


$0.45 


8-(p-Toluino)-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Tolyl 
peri acid) .._ 


50 

480 

603 

1,115 

2,379 




4-(o-Tolylazo)-o-toluidine (o-Aminoazotoluene)... 








o-(p-Tolyl) benzoic acid 








m-Tolylenediamine 


272 

2.196 

115 


185 
155 
17 


.68 


Trichlorobenzenes 

a-Trichlorotoluene (Benzotrichloride) . 


.07 
.15 


m-Xylene__ .. 


90 
62 

65 
416 




Xylene, ortho and para 








Xylidines: 
2,4-Xylidine (m-4-Xylidine) 








Xylidine mi.xtures * 

















1 Includes data reported by coke-oven manufacturers to U. S. Bureau of Mines. 

2 Included in "All other" cresols. 

3 Includes cresylic acid, refined from petroleum. 

* Obtained by the chemical reduction of the reaction product of nitric acid and xylene. 

purified cresols and refined cresylic acids decreased slightly from the 
levels of recent years. 

The output of monochlorobenzene, amounting to 212 million 
poimds in 1944, was 9 million pounds less than in 1943 but consider- 
ably more than in the earlier war years. Most of this material goes 
into phenol and a smaller amount mto aniline, certain dyes, and 
insecticides. Production of benzoic acid and benzaldehyde also 
increased appreciably. 

Statistics on the production and sales of synthetic cumene (iso- 
propylbenzene) are not mcluded in the totals for 1944 for all mter- 
mediates because in that year this material was consumed almost 
entirely in aviation fuel. Production totaled 217 million pounds; 
sales of 213 million pounds were valued at 6.4 million dollars. 

DYES 

In 1944, production of dyes of all types amomited to 152 million 
pounds compared with 144 million m the previous year. Peak 
militaiy requirements for dyes accounted for most of this increase. 
The production of coal-tar dyes for civilian use continued under 
War Production Board Order M-103, which restricted deliveries 
to 70 percent of those for 1941. Restrictions were placed also on 
the supplies of many basic raw materials (benzene, phenol, toluene, 
aniline, and naphthalene) available for production of civilian dyes. 

Sales of all dyes in 1944 totaled 150 million pounds, valued at 111 
million dollars, compared with 145 million pounds, valued at 105 
million dollars, in 1943. Inventories of dyes for civilian consumption 
were abnormally low m 1944, and the dyes being produced for military 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



21 



purposes were disposed of rapidly. Few dyes are consumed in the 
dye-producing plants themselves. 

Statistics on production and sales of dyes are shown in table 7A 
(see also table 7B, part III, for an alphabetical list of these products 
in which the manufacturers are identified). 

Table 7A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 

coal-tar dyes, 1944 

[Listed below are all coal-tar dyes of which any reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are confidential and may not be published or where no data 
were reported.) Table 7B in part III lists alphabetically all dyes for which data on production or sales 
were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Colour 
Index 


Dye 


Production 


Sales 


or Pro- 
totype 
No. 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit value 




Grand total 


1,000 pounds 
151, 653 


/ ,000 pounds 
150, 049 


1,000 dollars 
110, 748 


Per pound 
$0.74 




Dyes for which separate statistics may 
not be shown. - -_ 






32, 491 
119, 162 

109, 870 


31,185 
118, 864 

108, 320 


35, 584 
75, 164 

59, 861 


1.14 




Dyes for which separate statistics are 
shown below 


.63 




DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR 
INDEX NUMBER 

Total.. 


.55 




Azo Dyes 

Monoazo Dyes 

Spirit yellow R 




17 


85 
404 


67 
427 
130 
272 
376 

11 
502 
226 
112 
164 

48 
261 

95 
535 


52 

163 

49 

143 

172 

5 

163 

112 

65 

69 

32 

137 

82 

167 


.77 


20 


ChrysoidineY 


.38 


21 


Chrysoidine R 


.38 


24 


Sudan I 


260 
385 


.52 


27 


Orange G 


.46 


30 


Fast acid fuchsine B. . 


.44 


31 


Amido naphthol red G _ .. 


496 

202 

95 

98 

37 

266 


.32 


36 


Chrome yellow 2G . ... ... 


.49 


40 


Chrome yellow R 


.58 


52 


Azo alizarin yellow GP 


.42 


53 


Victoria violet 4BS 


.67 


57 


Amido naphthol red 6B 


.53 


73 


Sudan II 


.86 


79 


Ponceau R 


575 

84 

266 

291 

12 

25 

1,292 


.31 


88 


Fast red B 




98 


Chrome brown R 


263 

302 

16 

43 

1,195 

63 

10 

178 

123 

79 


177 

161 

18 

27 

322 

44 

7 

92 
67 
41 


.67 


138 


Metanil yellow . 


.53 


145 


Azofiavine RS.. 


1.14 


146 


Azo yellow 


.62 


151 


Orange II.. . .. ... 


.27 


168 


Acid chrome garnet R 


.69 


169 


Acid chrome violet N . 


11 

206 
128 
67 
46 
122 
184 
2,438 
1,102 
162 
107 


.75 


176 


Fast red A .... _.. ...... 


.51 


179 


Azorubine 


.54 


180 


Fast red VR 


.52 


184 






185 


Cochineal red A . ... 


112 

200 

2,296 

1,000 

130 

92 

16 

59 

214 

470 

140 

1,551 

28 

256 


50 

89 

685 

338 

57 

45 

10 

33 

215 

255 
98 

571 
16 

223 


.45 


201 


Chrome blue black B.. .... 


.45 


202 


Chrome blue black R 


.30 


203 


Chrome black T 


.34 


204 


Chrome black A 


.44 


208 


Fast acid blue R 


.49 


209 


Fast acid blue B 


.66 


216 


Acid chrome red B.. 


73 
144 

465 

118 

1,389 


.55 


219 


Chrome flavine A ..- 


1.01 


234 


Disazo Dyes 
Resorcin brown. .. 


.54 


235 


Resorcin dark brown 


.70 


246 


Acid black lOB 


.37 


247 




.57 


252 


Brilliant croceine M 


259 
45 


.87 


262 


Cloth red B 





22 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 7A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
coal-tar dyes, 1944 — Continued 



Colour 
Index 


Dye 


Production 


Sales 


or Pro- 
totype 
No. 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit value 


274 


DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR 
INDEX NUMBER— Continued 

Azo Dyes — Continued 

Disazo Dyes— Continued 

Milling orange. .^ 


1,000 pounds 


/ ,000 pounds 

39 

3 

205 

14 

452 

193 

13 

60 

246 

109 

32 

19 

968 

108 

826 

84 

21 

36 

187 

420 

145 

34 

68 

2,877 

959 

15 

113 

397 

639 

257 

9 

140 

70 

17 

184 

128 

480 

187 

393 

278 
8,290 

eo9 

195 
31 

600 

76 

804 

149 

418 
194 
313 

115 
189 
719 
203 
57 

1.5.59 


1 ,000 dollars 

18 

3 

391 

14 

247 

103 

10 

28 

165 

90 

34 

43 

999 

43 

355 

53 

36 

69 

141 

281 

136 

28 

66 

947 

208 

6 

44 

236 

310 

216 

6 

35 

61 

15 

123 

96 

415 

89 

187 

343 

2,120 

179 

65 

12 
228 

33 
283 

66 

214 
142 

182 

119 
182 
481 
174 

75 

1.299 


Per pound 
$0.46 


275 


Cloth scarlet G 




.98 


278 


Direct fast red 8BL- . - 


228 

25 

446 

169 


1.90 


280 


Scarlet EC. . 


1.00 


289 


Fast acid cyanine 5R ex 


.55 


299 


Acid chrome black F .. 


.53 


302 


Acid chrome green SS 


.75 


304 


Fast acid black 2BN__ 


54 

264 

96 

55 

24 

972 

114 

920 

57 

13 

39 

202 

424 

158 


.46 


307 


Fast acid cyanine black B.. 


.67 


316 


Developed blue NA. -- 


.82 


324a 
325 
326 


Rosanthrene 

Direct billiant violet 

Direct fast scarlet 


1.07 
2.27 
1.03 


331 


Bismarck brovs^n G . _ _ - .. 


.39 


332 


Bismarck brown R 


.43 


343 


Chrome fast yellow C_ _ 


.62 


346 


Direct fast yellow 5GL - . 


1.75 


353 


Direct fast pink 2BL .... 


1.91 


364 


Brilliant yellow . ..... 


.76 


375 


Congo corinth G. ._ ... 


.67 


382 


Direct scarlet B 


.93 


387 


Direct violet B ... 


.83 


394 


Direct violet N-_ . 




.97 


401 


Developed black BH 


3,078 
1,046 


.33 


406 


Direct blue 2B 


.22 


411 


Cresotine yellow G 


.37 


415 
419 


Direct orange R 

Direct fast red F 


106 
406 
629 
249 
6 
113 
76 


.39 
.59 


420 
430 


Direct brown M 

Polar red... . ..... 


.49 
.84 


472 


Direct blue BX 


.71 


477 


Direct blue 3B .. 


.25 


487 


Acid anthracene red 3B.- ... 


.87 


495 


Benzopurpurine lOB . 


.88 


502 
512 


Direct azurine G_ 

Direct blue R\V_. 


191 
157 
506 
185 

398 
255 
8,211 
619 
241 
54 
682 
126 
898 
174 

418 
217 
392 

149 
227 
715 
215 

56 

1,461 


.67 
.75 


518 


Direct sky blue FF 


.86 


520 
539 


Direct pure blue 

Trisazo Dyes 
Direct fast black FF 


.48 
.48 


561 


Direct brown BT 


1.24 


,581 


Direct black EW 


.26 


582 


Direct black RX. 


.29 


583 


Direct green ET 


.34 


.589 


Chloramine green B 


.40 


593 


Direct green B__ 


.38 


594 


Direct green O . 


.44 


596 


Direct brown 3Q0 


.35 


598 


Congo brown G 


.45 


620 


Stilbene Dyes 
Direct yellow R 


.51 


621 


Chloramine orange G.. ... _ 


.73 


622 


Stilbene yellow 


.58 


636 


Pyrazolone Dyes 
Fast light yellow O 


1.04 


639 


Xylene light yellow 


.96 


640 


Tartrazine. . . . 


.67 


652 


Chrome red B 


.86 


653 


Pvrazol orange ._ . ... 


1.32 


655 


Ketonimine Dyes 
Anramine 


.83 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



23 



Table 7A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
. coal-tar dyes, 1944 — Continued 



Dye 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR 
INDEX NUMBER— Continued 

Triphenylmethane and Diphenylnaph- 
thylmethane Dyes 



Malachite green 

Rhoduline blue 60 

Acid green B 

Fast acid green B 

Acid glaucine blue 

Para fuchsine 

Magenta 

Methyl violet B and base. 

Crystal violet 

Acid violet 

Soluble blue 

Patent blue A 

Acid chrome azurol B 

Victoria blue R 

Naphthalene green V 

Wool green S_ 



Xanthene Dyes 



Fluorescein 

Tetrabromofluorescein. 



Acridine Dyes 
Phosphine 

Quinoline Dyes 
Quinoline yellow 

Thiazole Dyes 

Direct fast yellow 

Azine Dyes 



Wool fast blue 

Safranine--. 

Nigrosine, spirit-soluble . 
Nigrosine, water-soluble. 



Thiazine Dyes 

Methylene blue 

Sulfur or Sulfide Dyes 
Total 



Sulfur black. _. 

Sulfur blue 

Sulfur brown.. 
Sulfur green.. - 
Sulfur maroon. 

Sulfur olive 

Sulfur tan 

Sulfur yellow. 
Another 



Anthraquinone Dyes 



Alizarin red S 

Acid alizarin blue SE 

Acid alizarin blue B 

Alizarin cyanine green 

Anthraquinone blue black B. 



Production 



1,000 pounds 
240 

109 
28 

612 
11 



1,016 

1,003 

200 

77 

120 

105 



158 
270 



2.012 
1.363 



17, 896 



Sales 



Quantity 



t, 000 pounds 
248 
12 
83 
24 
529 



11, 738 

2,137 

1,767 

346 

476 

1,088 

67 

253 

24 



48 
428 
457 
340 



58 
864 
946 
201 



Value 



1,000 dollars 

278 

39 

59 

,56 

379 



273 

76 



219 

192 

2, 055 

1,188 



747 



11, 629 

2,043 

1,791 

300 

429 

1,2.38 

85 

208 

24 



92 

45 
421 
465 
435 



105 
523 
1.635 
193 
192 
164 
127 
3 
85 
81 



Unit value 



Per pound 

$1.12 

.3.22 

.72 

2.33 

.72 



320 
72 

103 



311 
244 
650 
443 



239 



500 

231 

195 

365 

24 

67 

6 



158 
108 



924 

628 



1.81 

.61 

1.73 

.96 

2.00 

1.68 

1.45 

2.56 

1.86 

.52 



1.18 
.95 

1.96 



1.42 
1.28 
.32 
.37 



.17 
.47 
.28 
.77 
.45 
.29 
.28 
.32 
.25 



1.72 
2.40 
1.64 
1.99 
1.44 



24 



UNITED STATES TAKIFF COMMISSION 



Table 7A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
coal-tar dyes, 1944^ — Continued . 



Colour 
Index 
or Pro- 
totype 
No. 



Dye 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit value 



1095 
1096 



1099 
1102 

1104 
1106 
1113 
1114 
1150 
1151 
1152 



1177 
1184 
1212 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR 
INDEX NUMBER— Continued, 

Anthraquinone Vat Dyes 

Anthraquinone vat yellow GC, 12i^%-- 
Anthraquinone vat golden orange G, 

12% ---- 

Anthraquinone vat golden orange R, 

12% 

Anthraquinone vat dark blue BO, 25%. 
Anthraquinone vat green B and black 

B, 12H% 

Anthraquinone vat violet 2R, 12).^% — 

Anthraquinone vat blue RS, 10% 

Anthraquinone vat blue GCD, SH%-.- 

Anthraquinone vat blue BCS, 20%, 

Anthraquinone vat olive R, 12^% 

Anthraquinone vat brown R, 12^2% 

Anthraquinone vat brown G, 12)^4% 

Indigoid and Thioindigoid Dyes 



Indigo, synthetic, 20% 

Bromindigo blue 2BD, 16%,. 
Vat red 3B, 20%, 



1,000 pounds 
977 



565 



Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Dyes 
Total.... 



Food, drug, and cosmetic colors, total.. 



Blue#l.... 
Blue #2.... 
Green #1... 
Orange #1. 

Red#l 

Red #2...-. 
Red#3 .... 
Yellow #5. 
Yellow #6^ 
All other.. 



Drug and cosmetic colors, total i. 



Orange #4. 

Red #7 

Red #19... 
Red #21... 
Red #35.... 
All other L 



AU other Colour Index Dyes 



Total. 



DYES GROUPED BY FOREIGN 
PROTOTYPE NUMBER 



Total. 



Acid alizarin flavine R 

Acid anthracene brown PG 

Anthracene chromate brown EB. 

Benzo chrome black blue B 

Benzo fast black L 

Benzo fast blue4GL 

Brilliant benzo violet B_ 

Brilliant wool blue FFR 

Celliton orange GR 

Chlorantine fast brown BRL 

Chlorantine fast yellow 4GL 

Chlorantine fast yellow RL. 



1,000 pounds 1,000 dollars 
1, 005 963 



362 



322 

768 

1,132 

3,392 

773 

1,024 



17, 287 
934 
170 



678 



93 
47 

187 
8 

164 
87 
89 

173 



9 
10 
23 
11 

4 
116 



14, 479 



26, 314 



56 
323 



50 
45 
168 
170 



530 
733 

566 
129 
299 
633 
966 

3,693 
897 

1,033 



17, 435 

1,005 

194 



681 



12 

3 

1 

86 

43 

204 

7 

169 

92 

64 

166 



9 

23 

10 

4 

111 



12, 755 



26, 062 



21 
82 
340 
54 
220 
107 
96 
49 
36 
202 
140 
32 



696 
936 

224 

239 

231 

397 

1,140 

4,002 

1,107 

1,212 



2,856 
670 
205 



2,303 



1,930 



127 
31 
8 
187 
186 
493 
99 
415 
217 
167 

373 



Per pound 
$0.96 



11,252 



32, 027 



19 
138 
248 

50 
181 
154 
101 

81 

48 
258 
196 

55 



' Includes drug and cosmetic dyes, external, data on which are confidential. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



25 



Table 7 A.- — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States 'production and sales of 
coal-tar dyes, i 94-4— Continued 



Dye 



DYES GROUPED BY FOREIGN 
PROTOTYPE NUMBER— Con. 



Diamine Bordeaux B 

Diamine catechine 30 

Diamine fast blue FEB 

Diamine fast orange EG 

Diamine fast oranfre ER 

Diazo Bordeaux 7B 

Diazo brilliant scarlet 2BL ex 

Diazo brilliant scarlet ROA 

Fast scarlet 2G base, salt 

Guinea fast red BL 

Indanthrene brown RRD 

Indanthrene khaki 2G 

Oxydiaminogen OB 

Polar orange R 

Rapidogen blue D 

Rapidogen red RS 

Rosanthrene fast Bordeaux 2BL 

Sulphon yellow R 

Supra light rubine BL 

Victoria fast violet 2R ex 

Zambesi black D 

Zambesi black V 

Celliton scarlet B 

Fast Bordeaux GP base, salt 

Fast orange GC base, salt 

Fast red 3GL salt 

Fast red KB base 

Fast red TR base, salt 

Fast yellow GC base, salt 

Indanthrene olive green B 

Naphthol AS 

Naphthol AS-BS 

Naphthol AS-D 

Naphthol AS-RL » 

Naphthol AS-TR 

All other dyes grouped by Foreign 
Prototype number 



UNGROUPED DYES 



Total. 



Acetate rayon dyes, total (see tables 9 and 
10 for total of all acetate rayon dyes) ^. 

Black, IV, IV ex., B, BND, BNF, 2G, 

3G, 3GNF, GS, J, NS, RB, SN, SS,_ 
Blue, IV, XII, BB, BGF, BNN, G, 2G, 

GR, R, 3R3 

Orange, BL, GR, GRN cone, JER, E, 

2R, 3R, 4R, RB, TF * 

Red, III, VI ex., VII. VIII, B, 2B, BX, 

FSI, NB, R, RP, VOL, Y 

Rubine IX, B, C, G, R __.. 

Scarlet III, BG, BS, CSB, G, GY._.. 
Violet II, 3B, 4B, BA, BGF, FSI, 2R, 

4R, 3RA, 5RLF 

Yellow #8, #38, G, 5G, 6G, 3GM, GN, 

6GN, GS, GX, JT, 4RL, RN 

All other 

Acid black, 640, 773, AR, 3G, GRF cone, 

J, RB, RCW 

Acid red A-lOO, 3B, 3BX, G, GL, OA, 

RB 

Anthraquinone vat blue CLX, GR, IBC. 

Anthraquinone vat navy blue, BN, 

BRA, NRD, NTP 



Production 



1,000 pounds 

99 

119 

338 

141 

67 

26 

28 

166 

110 

54 

761 

12, 660 

117 



187 
120 



270 
70 
81 
27 

115 



27 



1,304 

620 

114 

63 



21 

7,397 



15, 469 



2,584 



1,107 

541 

189 

174 
21 
37 



118 
397 



16 
135 



308 



Sales 



Quantity 



1,000 pounds 

98 

115 

333 

137 

47 

38 

32 

179 

134 

71 

776 

12, 119 

146 

16 



123 
56 
35 
14 
39 
22 

294 
68 
92 
32 

122 
26 



6 

1,090 

672 

85 

17 

5 

19 

7,625 



15, 667 



957 

451 

142 

145 
56 
24 



104 
396 



19 
109 



302 



Value 



1,000 dollars 
82 
69 

401 

137 
58 
46 
72 

280 
74 
59 

740 
14, 598 

119 
17 



197 
93 
33 
27 
24 
20 

174 
70 
92 
31 
76 
59 



6 

1,449 

645 

144 

33 

12 

57 

10, 504 



18, 860 



1,973 



516 
139 



116 

48 



19 



115 
395 



16 
222 



283 



Unit value 



Per pound 



' Does not include acetate rayon dyes which appear in the Colour Index and Foreign Prototype groups. 
8 Includes brilliant blue B, NR. 
* Includes golden orange I, III. 



26 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 7A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
coal-tar dyes, 1944 — Continued 



Colour 
Index 
or Pro- 
totype 
No. 



Dye 



UNOROUPED DYES— Continued 

Azoic dyes and their components, total 

(see table U for data on all azoic dyes 

and tiieir components) ' 

Ciirome yellow FTL, 2G, 2GN, SSN, 

SW 

Developed Bordeaux 7B, 2BL 

Developed red 2B, BFW, 7BL 

Direct black CAM, CW, 3G, 5G, NCW 
Direct blue 2B, BR, FFGL, 5G, KHB, 

NR, RDW, VRS 

Direct brilliant violet B, 4B, R 

Direct brown BGA/CF, CWR/GB, OKA, 

02R, 3GS, KRS, N, R, RB, RBA 
Direct fast blue 60KS, GL, 8GL, R, 

RL, SRL 

Direct fast brown BRL, FW, 4GL, 

LBRSA, R, 4R, 2RL, 3YL 

Direct fast gray BL, GL, 2GL, LVGLA, 

LVL, RLN .... 

Direct fast orange G, 2G, 4G, GL, 2GL, 

R, 4RL, SRL, 2RN, RT 

Direct fast red, 3BL, 8BLN, 8BLSW... 

Direct navy blue B, DB, RY 

Oil orange, #30, MT, 2R 

Oil red, #322, EGN, G, 1-1471, N-1700, 

OB, XO, Y-292 

All other ungrouped dyes 



Production 



1 ,000 poundu 



104 
11 



77 

50 

32 

79 
40 
63 
33 

241 
10, 015 



Sales 



Quantity 



t, 000 pounds 



116 
13 
40 

133 

21 
15 



89 
35 
61 
35 

245 
10, 805 



Value 



1,000 dollars 



1,474 

39 
20 
62 
59 

17 
17 

61 

157 

72 

55 

135 
54 
35 
30 

238 
13, 828 



Unit value 



Per pound 

$1.40 

.34 
1.54 
1.54 

.45 

.78 
' LIO 

.72 

1.58 

1.45 

1.57 

1.52 
1.55 
.56 
.85 

.97 
1.28 



» Does not include azoic dyes and their components which appear in the Colour Index and Foreign Proto- 
type groups. 

The dyes are grouped according to Colour Index number, or accord- 
ing to Foreign Prototype number, or are listed as ungrouped dyes. 
Of a total production of 152 million pounds of dyes reported, sepa- 
rate statistics on individual items are shown for 119 million pounds. 
Dyes grouped by Colour Index number accounted for 110 million 
pounds in 1944, compared with 107 million pounds in 1943. Sales of 
such dyes in 1944 were 108 million pounds, valued at 60 million dol- 
lars. Production of dyes having a recognized foreign equivalent 
(prototype) amounted to 26 million pounds in 1944, compared with 
20 million pounds thus grouped in 1943. This increase indicates that 
an increasing number of dyes, of types which were imported before 
the war, are now being made by domestic producers. The output of 
ungrouped dyes in 1944 was 15 million pounds, compared with 17 
million in the previous year. As in previous years, acetate rayo 
dyes were the most important type of ungrouped dyes. 

Production and sales of dyes by chemical classes in 1944 are shown 
in table 8. Of the dyes produced in large quantities, antlii'aquinone 
vat dyes made a greater proportional gain in output over the pre- 
vious year than any other chemical class; about 38 million pounds of 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



27 



these dyes was produced in 1944 compared with 33 million in 1943. 
Anthi'aquinone vat dyes were used chiefly for dyeing uniforms, can- 
vas, and other textiles of the armed forces. Production of azo dyes 
also increased significantly, totaling 55 million pounds in 1944 com- 
pared with 49 million in 1943. Sulfide dyes and indigoid and thio- 
indigoid dyes were among the important chemical classes which were 
produced in smaller quantities in 1944 than in 1943. 

Table 8. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States 'production and sales of 
coal-tar dyes, by chemical class, 1944 



Chemical class 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit value 



Grand total 

Azo 

Anthraquinone vat ' 

Indigoid and thioindigoid vat 

Sulfide 

Triphenylmethane and diphenylnaphthylmeth 

ane 

Azine 

Anthraquinone 

Pyrazolone 

Ketonimine 

Xanthene 

Stilbene 

Nitro 

Oxazine 

All other 2 



1 ,000 pounds 
151,653 



IftOOpounds 
150, 049 



1,000 dollars 
110,748 



Per pound 
$0.74 



54, 921 
37, 739 
20, 435 
17, 990 

4,806 
3,908 
3,590 
1,572 
1,460 
1,396 
1,116 
82 
38 
2,600 



54, 444 
37, 348 
20, 742 
17,874 

4,277 
3,755 
3,422 
1,503 
1,559 
1,480 
1,028 
84 
41 
2,492 



35, 384 

44, 785 
5,408 
4,488 

5,592 

1,745 

4,888 

1,519 

1,299 

2,096 

669 

83 

53 

2,739 



.65 
1.20 
.26 
.25 

1.31 

.46 

1.43 

1.01 

.83 

1.42 

.65 

.98 

1.29 

1.10 



1 Includes carbazole vat dyes. 

2 Includes nitroso, acridine, quinoline, thiazole, aniline black and allied dyes, thiazine, rubber colors, and 
miscellaneous mixtures; these groups cannot be published separately without disclosing confidential 
information. 

Production of dyes by class of application (such as acid, direct, 
sulfur, and vat) in 1943 and 1944 and in the period 1938-42 is 
shown in table 9, and corresponding data on sales are given in table 
10. The output of vat dyes (other than synthetic indigo) in 1944 
continued the sharp upward trend which had prevailed in recent 
years. It amounted to 41 million pounds, or 27 percent of all dyes 
produced, compared with 25 percent in the previous year. Produc- 
tion of indigo vat dyes was 17 million pounds in 1944, a drop of 
half a million from 1943. Direct dyes, the next most important 
class, accounted for 20 percent of total production, compared with 
19 percent in the previous year. Sulfur dyes and acid dyes ac- 
c J^.nted for 12 percent and 11 percent of the total, respectively, in 
1944. Sales of vat dyes in 1944, amounting to 58 million pounds 
valued at 50 million dollars, accounted for 39 percent of the total 
quantity of all dyes sold in that year. Sales of direct dyes accounted 
for 20 percent of the total sales in 1944. 



697646- 



28 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 9. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production of coal-tar dyes, 
by class of application, average, 1938-42, annual, 1943-44 



Class of application 


Average, 
, 1938-42 


1943 


1944 




Quantity (1,000 pounds) 


Total - - - - 


130, 051 


144, 013 


151, 653 








2,803 
16, 519 
3,969 
6,615 
31, 933 
3,820 
7,346 
19, 872 

35, 165 


2,512 
14, 512 
3,282 
5,502 
26, 903 
7,123 
9,693 
19, 561 

54, 104 


3,473 




17, 236 




3,d05 




6,758 




29,880 




4,352 




8,438 




17,990 


V^at, total 


58,174 








14, 785 
20, 380 

2,009 


17, 770 
36, 334 

821 


17, 287 


other 

4.11 other - 


40, 887 
1,547 








Percent of total quantity 


Total - . . - 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 








2.2 
12.7 
3.1 
5.1 
24.6 
2.9 
5.6 
15.3 

27.0 


1.7 
10.1 
2.3 
3.8 
18.7 
4.9 
6.7 
13.6 

37.6 


2.3 




11.4 




2.5 




4.4 




19.7 




2.9 




5.6 


Sulfur - 


11.9 




38.3 








11.4 
15.6 

1.5 


12.3 
26. 3 

.6 


11.4 


Other - - 


26.9 


Ml other 


1.0 







Table 10. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States sales of coal-tar dyes, by class 
of application, average, 1938-4^, annual, 1943-44 



Class of application 




1944 



Quantity (1,000 pounds) 



Total 

Acetate rayon 

Acid 

Azoic 

Basic 

Direct 

Lake and spirit soluble 
Mordant and chrome.. 
Sulfur 

Vat, total. 

Indigo.. 

Other 

All other. 



129, 322 


145, 499 


150, 049 


2,673 


2,990 


3,150 


16, 627 


15,456 


17,029 


3,856 


3,161 


3,930 


6,316 


5,365 


6,378 


32, 066 


28, 822 


29, 356 


3,750 


6,736 


4,309 


7,236 


9,869 


8,425 


19, 902 


19, 542 


17,874 


34, 927 


52, 684 


58, 090 


14, 521 


18,284 


17, 434 


20,406 


34, 400 


40, 656 


1,969 


874 


1,508 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



29 



Table 10. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States sales of coal-tar dyes, by class 
of application, average, 1938-42, annual, 194S-44 — Continued 



Class of application 



Average, 
1938^2 



1943 



1944 



Percent of total quantity- 



Total 

Acetate rayon 

Acid 

Azoic 

Basic--- 

Direct 

Lake and spirit soluble 
Mordant and chrome _- 
Sulfur 

Vat, total 

Indigo 

Other 

All other 



Total 

Acetate rayon 

Acid 

Azoic 

Basic 

Direct 

Lake and spirit soluble 
Mordant and chrome-. 
Sulfur 

Vat, total --- 

Indigo 

Other -— 

Another 



Total.- 

Acetate rayon 

Acid 

Azoic 

Basic 

Direct 

Lake and spirit soluble 
Mordant and chrome _. 
Sulfur 

Vat, total 

Indigo --- 

Other 

All other.- 



100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


2.1 


2.1 


2.1 


12.9 


10.6 


11.3 


3.0 


2.2 


2.6 


4.9 


3.7 


4.3 


24.8 


19.8 


19.6 


2.9 


4.6 


2.9 


5.5 


6.8 


5.6 


15.4 


13.4 


11.9 


27.0 


36.2 


38.7 


11.2 


12.6 


11.6 


15.8 


23.6 


27.1 


1.5 


.6 


1.0 


Value (1,000 dollars) 


82, 498 


105, 350 


110, 748 


2,577 


2,915 


3,164 


13,610 


13,579 


13,293 


5,494 


4,661 


5,577 


6,023 


5,449 


6,449 


18, 481 


17, 561 


17, 109 


2,876 


5,478 


2,944 


3,931 


5, 777 


4,621 


5,213 


4,956 


4,488 


22, 477 


43, 924 


50, 193 


2,296 


2,819 


2,856 


20, 181 


41, 105 


47, 337 


1,816 


1,050 


2,910 


Percent of total value 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


3.1 


2.8 


2.9 


16.5 


12.9 


12.0 


6.7 


4.4 


5.0 


7.3 


5.2 


5.8 


22.4 


16.6 


15.5 


3.5 


5.2 


2.7 


4.8 


5.5 


4.2 


6.3 


4.7 


4.0 


27.2 


41.7 


45.3 



2.8 
24.4 



2.2 



2.7 
39.0 



1.0 



2.6 
42.7 



2.6 



Production and sales of azoic dyes and their components are shown 
in table 11. Output of this group totaled 3.8 million pounds, com- 
pared with 3.2 million in the previous year. Sales amounted to 3.9 
million pounds, valued at 5.6 million dollars. 



30 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 11. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States ■production and sales of 
azoic dyes and their components, 1944 



For- 
eign 


Dye or component 


Production 


Sales 


Proto- 
type 

No. 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit value 




Grand total i. . 


/ ,000 pounds 
3,805 


1,000 pounds 
3,930 


1,000 dollars 

5,577 


Per pound 
$1 42 




Dyes and components for which sep- 
arate statistics may not be shown 

Dyes and components for which sep- 
arate statistics are shown below 

DYES 
Rapid fast 






371 
3,434 


623 
3,307 

41 
1,251 


1,243 
4,334 

74 
2,294 


1.99 
1.31 

1 79 




Rapidogen, total .. 


1,172 


1 83 




Blue D 




164 


187 
71 
86 
36 
120 
273 
117 
121 
161 

27 

(*) 

<29 

110 

155 


2 282 
82 
41 
123 
269 
140 
113 
201 

32 
26 
15 
134 

154 
6 

71 
92 
122 

5 286 
279 


2 495 

179 

lis 

197 
402 
247 
213 
443 

31 
59 
35 
74 
238 
6 

49 
92 
76 

S251 
164 


0) 
1.75 




Blue 




Bordeaux. -- 


2 20 




Brown.- . . . 


2 84 


169 


RedRS 


1 61 




Red -- 


1 49 




Scarlet- 


1 76 




Yellow.. 


1 88 




Other .- ... 


2 20 


264 


COMPONENTS 

Fast color bases: 
Orange ^ . ... 


97 


270 


Red 


2 25 


94 


Red 

Scarlet s... ... .. 


2.39 
.55 




Scarlet ... ... 


1.55 


275 


Yellow 3 


1.07 


260 


Fast color salts: 
Blue 

Bordeaux' ._. 


78 
81 
115 
27 
212 
285 

1,143 


.70 
1.00 


269 


Red ... . . 


.63 


273 


Red 3. 


.88 
.59 




Red 

Scarlet 

Naphthols, total 




Naphthol AS . 








302 


620 
114 
63 


672 

85 

17 

5 

19 


645 

144 

33 

12 

57 


.96 


305 
306 


Naphthol AS-BS 

Naphthol AS-D 


1.68 
2.00 


312 


Naphthol AS-RL.. ... 


2.43 


314 


Naphthol AS-TR. 


21 
325 


2.98 




All other .. 















' Totals shown represent all azoic dyes and their components. Totals shown in table 7A represent un- 
grouped azoic dyes and their components only. 
2 Blue and blue Foreign Prototype No. 164 combined. 
' Base and salt. 

* Red base and red Foreign Prototype No. 270 combined. 
« Red salt and red Foreign Prototype No. 273 combined. 

LAKES AND TONERS 

Lakes and toners are synthetic organic pigments used to color 
paints and varnishes, wallpapers, printing inks, plastics, and other 
industrial products. Lakes are organic pigments prepared by pre- 
cipitating a soluble dye on the surface of an inorganic compound, 
known as the substrate. Toners, or full-strength colors, are insoluble 
organic pigments. Reduced or extended toners are toners to which 
a solid diluent has been added. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



31 



Data on production and sales of lakes and toners in 1944 are given 
in table 12A (see also table 12B, part III, for an alphabetical list of 
these products in which the manufacturers are identified). Sta- 
tistics not publishable as individual items have been classified as far 
as possible in color groups. 



Table 12A.- 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales 
of lakes and toners, 1944 



[Listed below are all lakes and toners for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are confidential and may not be published or where no data 
were reported.) Table 12B in part III lists alphabetically all lakes and toners for which data on pro- 
duction or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Product 


Production 


Sales 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit value 


Grand total . . -- 


1,000 pounds 
19, 197 


1,000 pounds 
18, 401 


1,000 dollars 
13, 793 


Per pound 

$0. 75 






LAKES OR LAKE COLORS 
Total - 


5,741 


5,098 


2,317 


.45 






Products for which separate statistics may not be 
shown -.- ... 


1,626 

4,115 

82 

1,776 


1,594 

3,504 

75 

1,259 


505 

1,812 

43 

766 


.32 


Products for which separate statistics are shown 
below.. ... ... ... ._ 


.52 


Black lakes 


.57 




.61 






Indanthrene blue ... . .. . 


15 

4 

1.574 

39 

144 

26 

189 


20 

5 

1.100 

33 

101 


43 

3 

649 

18 

53 


2.18 


Methylene blue 


.55 


Peacock blue (Patent blue) 


.59 


Victoria blue . . . . 


.54 


Another 


.53 






Green lakes, total 


173 


87 


.50 






Acid green 


20 
47 
37 
85 

48 

234 

58 

316 


20 


12 


.62 


Naphthol green .. ... 




Pigment green . 


38 
115 

44 

240 

61 

275 


13 

62 

38 
73 
50 

104 


.34 


All other 


.53 


Maroon lakes: 
Alizarin maroon 


.87 


Azo Bordeaux 


.30 


Helio fast rubine . .... . .. 


.82 


Orange lakes, total 


.38 






Persian orange 


223 
93 

88 

22 

3 

9 

941 

104 


188 
87 

91 

24 

4 

8 

946 

105 


84 
20 

125 
22 
6 
8 

293 

67 


.45 


All other . . . 


.23 


Red lakes: 
Alizarin red 


1.37 


Eosine and phloxine .. .. 


.89 


Rhodamine ... 


1.37 


Rose and pink lakes - 


1.05 


Scarlet 2R .. . 


.31 


Violet lakes, total .. .. . . 


.64 






Methyl violet ... 


91 
13 

219 


94 
11 

199 


63 
130 


.67 


All other 


.37 


Yellow lakes, total 


.65 






Fast light yellow. . 


24 
14 
34 
102 
45 


26 
13 

27 
115 
18 


22 
9 
23 
65 
11 


.86 


Naphthol yellow 


.69 


Quinoline yellow 


.84 


Tartrazine .. ... _ ... 


.57 


Another 


.60 



32 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 12A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales 
of lakes and toners, 1944 — Continued 



Product 


Production 


Sales 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit value 


TONERS OR FULL-STRENGTH COLORS 

Total ... . . 


1,000 pounds 
9,867 


1,000 pounds 
9,610 


1,000 dollars 
9,571 


Per pound 
$1 00 






Products for which separate statistics may not be 
shown 


30 

9,837 

667 


28 

9,582 

668 


54 
9,517 
1,572 


1 93 


Products for which separate statistics are shown 
below .. 


99 


Blue toners, total . .. . 


2 35 






PMA Victoria blue_ 


37 
20 
55 
14 
541 

1 

320 


27 
17 
56 
15 
553 

1 

289 


86 
65 
173 
32 
1,216 

1 

814 


3 19 


PTA Peacock blue. .- 


3 87 


PTA Victoria blue 


3 09 


PTA Blue, other 


2 22 


Another 


2 20 


Brown toners . .. ... . -. 


1 81 


Green toners, total . ... 


2 82 






PMA Brilliant green 


37 
30 

7 
23 

8 

19 

196 

69 
6 
58 

171 


24 

28 
6 

19 
7 

18 
187 

74 
6 
59 

182 


71 
92 
21 
58 
21 
46 
505 

76 

5 

163 

174 


2 96 


PTA Brilliant green. 


3 26 


Brilliant green, other. .. 


3 43 


PMA Malachite green ... 


2 98 


PTA Malachite green 


3 11 


PTA Green, other 


2 56 


All other 


2 70 


Maroon toners: 
Lithol maroon 


1 03 


a-Naphthylamine maroon 


.86 


Toluidine maroon.. 


2 75 


Orange toners, total 


.96 






2,4-Dinitroaniline orange 


72 
64 
35 

7,247 


84 
65 
33 

7,056 


81 
47 
46 

5,261 


97 


o-Nitroaniline orange. .. 


72 


All other 


1 40 


Red toners, total . . 


75 






o-Chloronitroaniline red 


296 

352 

3,404 

193 

799 

403 

44 

10 

22 

42 

2 

496 

8 

1,045 

131 

278 
32 
36 
33 

7 

912 


316 

211 

3,232 

198 

838 

456 

45 

5 

18 

40 

2 

388 

16 

1,119 

172 

222 
31 
31 
36 

8 

919 


251 

229 

1,745 

193 

522 

315 

71 

19 

69 

150 

3 

329 

11 

1,144 

210 

148 
39 
36 
73 
17 

1,138 


79 


Eosine and phloxine 


1 08 


Lithol red 


.54 


Lithol rubine .. 


98 


Para red, hght 


62 


Parared.dark 


69 


Permanent red 2B 


1.57 


PMA Red 


4.09 


PTA Rhodamine B.. 


3 83 


PTA Rhodamine Y .. 


3.73 


PTA Red, other... 


1.99 


Red lake C 


84 


RedlakeD . 


69 


Toluidinered .. 


1.02 


Another 


1 22 


Violet toners: 
Methyl violet, other than PMA or PTA 

PMA Methyl violet 


.67 
1.25 


PMA Violet, other 


1.16 


PTA Methyl violet . 


2.00 


PTA Violet, other 


2.21 


Yellow toners, total 


1.24 






Benzidine yellow 


581 

279 

52 

3,589 


578 

295 

46 

3,693 


750 

334 

54 

1,905 


1.30 


Hansa yenow 


1.13 


Another 


1.17 


EXTENDED OR REDUCED TONERS 
Total. 


.52 






Products for which separate statistics may not be 
shown 


759 
2,830 


807 
2,886 


334 
1.571 


.41 


Products for which separate statistics are shown 
below 


.54 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



33 



Table 12 A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales 
of lakes and toners, 1944 — Continued 



Product 


Production 


Sales 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit value 


EXTENDED OR REDUCED TONERS— 
Continued 

Blue toners, reduced, total 


1,000 pounds 
988 


1,000 pounds 
985 


1,000 dollars 
791 


Per pound 
$0.80 






PMA Victoria blue. . 


29 
104 

24 
342 


26 
137 

23 

340 

2 

457 

47 
9 

59 


19 
93 
37 

299 
2 

341 

28 
6 

32 


.73 


PMA Blue, other . 


.68 


PTA Peacock blue. . . 


1.62 


Phthalocyanine blue B .__ . 


.88 


Phthalocyanine blue G .. . 


1.24 


All other ... . . 


489 

55 
7 

37 
8 
5 

20 

1,113 


.75 


Green toners, reduced: 
PMA Brilliant green . . 


.58 




.70 


PTA Brilliant green 


(1) 


PTA Green, other - _ . . 


.54 








14 
1,188 


6 
483 


.45 




.41 






Litholred .. . . 


142 

90 

131 

153 

15 

15 

27 

158 

382 

23 

27 

547 


158 

93 

161 

192 

15 

11 

25 

142 

391 

34 
26 

524 


52 
44 
21 
26 
14 
18 
11 
44 
253 

18 
23 

184 


.33 




.47 


Para red, light. . - 


.13 


Para red, dark . _ 


.14 


PTA Rhodamine B. 


.97 


PTA Rhodamine Y 


1.69 


Red lake C 


.45 


Toluidine red ... _ . 


.31 


All other ... 


.64 


Violet toners, reduced: 
PMA Violet 


.53 


PTA Violet, methyl and other 


.88 


Yellow toners, reduced, total . .... 


.35 






Hansa yellow . - 


489 

58 


465 
59 


144 
40 


.31 


Another... . 


, .68 







' Included in "PTA Green, other." 

Note.— The abbreviations PMA and PTA stand for phosphomolybdic acid and phosphotungstic acid, 
respectively. 

Data were obtained in 1944 in more detail than in previous years, 
and phosphomolybdic acid (PMA) and phosphotungstic acid (PTA) 
toners are now further identified by the dye component of the pigment 

Production of organic pigments totaled 19.2 million pounds in 1944, 
an increase of 3 million pounds over that of 1943, but considerably 
less than the record of 26 million pounds in 1941, when consuming 
industries were building up stocks. Sales were 23 percent higher in 
quantity than in 1943 and 33 percent higher in value. The output of 
lake colors in 1944 was almost the same as in 1943, but that of 
toners increased substantially. The most important products among 
the lakes were peacock blue (patent blue) and scarlet 2R; among 
the toners, lithol reds, para reds, and toluidine red; and among 
the reduced toners, phthalocyanine blues and hansa yellows. 

Production of lakes and toners in 1944 was restricted somewhat 
by shortages of the organic intermediates and other raw materials 
as a result of diversions of these materials to products considered 
more essential to the war. In order to insure equitable distribution 
of existing supplies, consumption of organic pigments in printing 
inks, controlled by War Production Board Conservation Order M-53, 



34 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



and of dyes and organic pigments in nonmilitary uses, controlled by 
Conservation Order M-103, was maintained at approximately 70 
percent of the quantity consumed in 1941. The growing shortage 
of paper also contributed to the decreased consumption of organic 
pigments in printing inks and wallpapers. 

MEDICINALS 

Statistics on production and sales of medicinals are divided into 
three subgroups — benzenoid compounds (usually derived from coal 
tar) ; alicyclic and heterocyclic compounds, which may be derived 
from sources such as terpenes from wood and cholesterol from 
animal tissue; and acyclic compounds, which are usually derived 
from grain, natural gas, and petroleum hydrocarbons. The products 
of each group differ pharmacologically and chemically. Production 
and sales of medicinals in 1944 are shown in table 13A (see also table 
1.3B, part III, for an alphabetical list of these products in which the 
manufacturers are identified). 



Table 13A.- — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 

medicinals,^ 1.944 

[Listed below are all synthetic orp;anic medicinals for which any reported data on production or sales may 
be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are confidential and may not be published or 
where no data were reported.) Table 13B in part in lists alphabetically all those medicinals for which 
data on production or salas were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Product 



.Grand total _ 

MEDICINALS, CYCLIC 
Total 

Chemicals for which separate statistics may not 
be shown..- 

Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown 
below 

Benzenoid 
Total... 

Acetanilide 

Acetyl-p-aminophenyl salicylate (Phenetsal) 

N-Acetyl-4-hydroxy-m-arsanilic acid (Acctarsone) 

(Stovarsol) 

Acetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin) 

Acetyltannic acid (Tannigen) (Tannyl acetate) . _ 

p-Aminobenzoic acid derivatives, total - . . 

i8-Diethylaminoethyl p-aminobenzoate hydro- 
chloride (Procaine hydrochloride) 

Ethyl p-aminobenzoate (Benzocaine) (Anaes- 
thesine). 

All other 

3-Amino-4-hydroxyphenyldichloroarsine hydro- 
chloride (Dichlorophenarsine hydrochloride)... 

Benzaldehyde 

Benzoic acid salts ^ 

Benzyl benzoate ♦ 

Bismuth compounds: 

Bismuth subgallate 

Bismuth subsalicylate 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Sales' 



Production 










Quantity 


Value 


Unit value 


1,000 pounds 
38,751.1 


],000 pounds 
36,212.4 


1,000 dollars 
111,794.4 


Per pound 
$3.09 


35, 353. 3 


33, 103. 3 


94,038.8 


2.84 


7, 234. 5 


7,371.7 


18,229.2 


2.47 


28,118.8 


25, 731. 6 


75, 809. 6 


2.95 


28, 489. 


26, 445. 6 


.34, 935. 3 


1.32 


620.9 

9.8 


597. 9 
9.3 


175.4 
41.4 


.29 
4.44 


11.6 

9, 423. 4 

5.6 


11.4 

9, 325. 3 

4.1 


326. 

3, 676. 

14.4 


28.59 

.39 

3.51 


141.8 


96.0 


612.3 


6.38 


44.7 


20.2 


127.7 


6.30 


71.3 
25.8 


55.9 
19.9 


171.6 
313.0 


3.07 
15.73 


1.4 
269.2 

8.7 
432. 6 


.5 


122.5 


250. 54 


7.0 
437.1 


10.7 
438.7 


1.52 
1.00 


32.5 
66.5 


40.6 
79.2 


58.3 
197.0 


1.44 
2.48 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



35 



Table 13 A.- — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States 'production and sales of 
medicinals,^ 1944 — Continued 



Product 



Production 



Sales 2 



Quantity 



Value Unit value 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Bemenoid — Continued 

dl-Desoxyephedrine, and d-desoxyepliedrine and 
dl-desoxyephedrine hydrochloride (all isomers) . 

Diethylstilbestrol 

Dyes, medicinal- - 

(3-Naphthyl benzoate 

Neoarsphenamine 

Phenolsulfonic acid salts 

Salicylic acid 

Salicylic acid salts, total 



Sodium salicylate. 

Another 

Sulfa drugs, total 



Sulfanilamide (p-Aminobenzenesulfonamide) . 

Sulfathiazole 

Sulfathiazole, sodium 

All other 



Sulfoarsphenamine 

Tannin albuminate (Tannalbin). 

Vitamin K, all forms 

All other 



Total - 



Alicydic and Heterocyclic 



Amino acids derived from proteins. 
Antipyrine salicylate 



Barbituric acid derivatives, total 

5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid (Phenobar- 
bital) (Luminal) 

5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid, sodium salt 
(Phenobarbital sodium) 

All other 

Bile acids and salts, total 



Cholic acid 

Dehydrocholic acid and sodium salt- 
All other 

Cafleine 

C afleine derivatives, total : . 



C afieine citrate 

CafTeine sodium benzoate and cafleine sodium 
salicylate 



C amphosulfonic acid and salts 

Hexamethylenetetramineanhydromethylene ci- 
trate (Helmitol) 

7-Iodo-8-hydroxyquinoline-5-sulfonic acid ( Yatren 
acid) and salt 

2-Methoxy-6-chloro-9-diethylaminopentylamino- 
acridine (Quinacrine hydrochloride) (Atebrin). 

p-Methylphenylcinchoninic ethyl ester (Neocin- 
chophen) 

Nikethamide (Niacin diethylamide) 

Progesterone 

Theobromine derivatives, total 



1.000 pounds 

.1 

.4 

86.1 

8.2 

16.9 

1,360.7 

5, 469. 4 

1,431.5 



Theobromine and sodium salicylate 

All other 

Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine) and deriv- 
atives, total 



Theophylline base 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 pounds 

.1 

.5 

38.5 

11.6 

13.6 

1, 077. 5 

3, 661. 4 



1,386.9 

44.6 

4,514.5 



748.0 

1, 498. 8 

55.0 

2, 212. 7 

2.4 

3.4 

.4 

4,571.0 



6, 864. 3 



1.1 

2.2 



205.4 

28.3 
325.5 
108.3 



39.4 
23.7 
45.2 
646.6 
62.8 



46.2 
16.6 
4.3 
15.0 
43.4 
853.7 



(») 



25.9 



92.0 
28.9 



118.9 



1,000 dollars 

5.1 
158.9 
625.5 
19.7 
436. e 
286.9 
964.6 



1,352.8 
5, 012. 7 



1,193.2 

1,913.0 

34.9 

1,871.6 



2.9 

.2 

4, 665. 4 



6, 657. ■; 



1.1 
3.1 



221.6 

54.2 
282.6 
96.7 



23.5 

73.2 

657.3 

63.0 



46.5 

16.5 

3.9 

11.2 

44.5 

853.3 

7.8 
27.2 



C) 



Per pound 

$47. 24 

344. 64 

16.25 

1.70 

32.18 

.27 

.26 



17, ( 



1, 106. 1 

4, 877. 7 

121.0 

10, 983. 3 



9.6 

23.5 

9, 045. 5 



59, 103. 5 



112.4 
4.4 



3,119.8 



795.2 

193.7 

2, 130. 9 

380.4 



246.1 

134.3 

1,732.3 

146.3 



92.5 

53.8 

15.9 

27.9 

320.4 

8, 901. 4 

55.6 
437.5 
555.5 
252.8 



88.0 
32.2 



178.0 
74.8 



1,711.6 



99.2 



690.0 



.44 
3.41 



.93 
2.55 
3.46 

5.87 



3.35 

117.50 

1.94 



102. 18 
1.42 



3.59 

3.57 
7.54 
3.93 



10.46 
1.83 
2.64 
2.32 



1.99 

3.26 

4.08 

2.48 

7.21 

10.43 

7.15 

16.08 

21, 366. 50 

2.10 



2.02 
2.32 



36 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 13A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
medicinals,^ 194-4 — Continued 



Product 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Alicyclic and Heterocyclic— Cont'inned 

Theophylline (1, 3-Dimethylxanthme) and deriva- 
tives — Continued 
Theophylline ethylenediamine (Aminophyl- 

line) 

All other --- - 

Vitamins, total. --. 



Bi (Thiamin) 

Bj (Riboflavin) for human use 

B(j (Pyridoxine) 

Dj (Irradiated ergosterol) (Viosterol) «- 

Niacin and niacinamide 

All other 



All other. 



MEDICINALS, ACYCLIC 



Total. 



Chemicals for which separate statistics may not 
be shown 

Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown 
below... 



Cacodylic acid 

Cacodylic acid salts 

Calcium lactophosphate.- 

Calcium levulinate 

Ethyl iodide.- 

Iodoform 

Methyl iodide 

Silver preparations, colloidal.. 

Tartaric acid salts 

Thiosinamine ( Allylurea) 

tert-Trichlorobutyl alcohol (Chloretone) (Chloro- 

butanol) 

Vitamins, total 



Production 



1,000 pounds 



93.9 

14.3 

1,530.3 



152.9 

84.6 

4.2 

307.9 

939.7 

41.0 

2, 663. 5 



3, 397. 8 



2, 082. 4 
1, 315. 4 



2.3 



6.3 
10.0 



A (all esters) 

C (Ascorbic acid and sodium salt, and Iso- 

ascorbic acid) 

Pantothenic acid salts. 



7.2 

46.1 

.5 

.2 

23.9 
1, 218. 9 



Sales 2 



Quantity 



1,000 pounds 



93.7 

12.2 

1, 298. 6 



122.6 

60.1 

3.0 

304.2 

774.5 

34.2 

2, 706. 3 



3, 109. 1 



1, 833. 1 
1, 276. 

.5 
2.4 
7.2 
6.9 
10.2 



7.7 
5.7 
46.8 
.2 
.1 

29.2 
1, 159. 1 



9.0 

1, 177. 2 
32.7 



7.6 



1,123.6 
27.9 



Value Unit value 



1,000 dollars 



903.5 

118.1 

32, 145. 6 



9, 740. 9 
6, 293. 7 
1,337.3 
1, 926. 4 
3, 007. 8 
9, 839. 5 
9, 183. 7 



17, 755. 6 



2, 962. 2 
14, 793. 4 

7.5 
26.1 

5.3 
11.0 
25.7 

32.0 

21.1 

144.7 

1.2 

.6 

59.9 
14, 458. 3 



Per pound 



$9.64 
9.67 
24.75 



79.43 

104. 65 

454. 56 

6.33 

3.88 

288.05 

3.39 



5.71 



397.9 

13, 192. 7 
867.7 



1.62 
11.59 

14.75 

10.82 

.73 

1.60 

2.53 

4.18 
3.68 
3.09 
6.00 
4.56 

2.06 
12.47 



52.36 



11.74 
32.22 



• Represents statistics of production and sales of bulk medicinals only. These statistics do not include 
the production of finished preparations, such as tablets, capsules, or ampoules, which are manufactured 
from bulk medicinals. The quantity and value of sales are for bulk medicinals or the bulk equivalent of 
medicinals whicti are compounded into finished preparations. 

' Sales represent the combined quantity of sales to another company and the quantity of interplant 
transfers for consumption, i. e., the transfer within a company from the division which manufactures the 
bulk medicinal to another division which makes it into a finished consumer product. The value of sales 
represents the combined sales value and the value (at the prevailing market price) of interplant transfers 
for consumption. 

' Does not include sodium benzoate. 

« Includes non-U. S. P. grade. 

* Less than 50 pounds. 

» In million U. S. P. units, these data would be as follows; Production, 33,905,981; sales, 32,165,411, valued 
at $1,926,378. The unit value per million U. S. P. units is 6 cents. 

To avoid duplication in these figures, all data are given in terms 
of bulk medicinals. This practice has been followed in the Com- 
mission's reports beginning with that for 1942. Before that year, 
the figures given in these reports represented production and sales 
which were partly in bulk form and partly in the form of finished 
products such as tablets, ampoules, and perles. Reports from dif- 
ferent manufacturers were, therefore, not entirely comparable. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 37 

Medicinals were the only group of synthetic organic chemicals 
produced in smaller volume in 1944 than in 1943. Production 
amounted to 39 million pounds in 1944 compared with 56 million 
pounds in 1943; sales in 1944 were 36 million pounds, valued at 112 
million dollars, a considerable decrease from the 52 million pounds, 
valued at 140 million dollars, sold in 1943. 

Cyclic medicinals represented in 1944 approximately 91 percent 
of the output of all synthetic organic medicinals. Benzenoid deriva- 
tives accounted for 81 percent of the cyclic compounds, and alicyclic 
and heterocyclic compounds for 19 percent. 

Among the more important benzenoid medicinal compounds were 
acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin); salicylic acid; sulfa drugs; salicylic 
acid salts, principally sodium salicylate ; and phenolsulfonic acid salts. 

The production of acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) in 1944 set a new 
record of 9.4 million pounds ; this was an increase of more than 700,000 
pounds over that of the previous year. Sales totaled 9.3 million 
pounds, valued at 3.7 million dollars. 

Production of salicylic acid, which decreased slightly during 
1941-43, rose to a new high of 5.5 milhon pounds in 1944. The aver- 
age unit value of sales dropped to 26 cents per pound in 1944 after 
having reached 29 cents in 1942. 

Phenolsulfonic acid salts (principally the sodium and zinc salts), 
which are used as anti-infective agents, have steadily increased in 
production from 566,000 pounds in 1941 to more than twice as much 
(1.4 million pounds) in 1944. Sales also rose, from 566,000 pounds, 
valued at $145,000, in 1941 to 1.1 million pounds, valued at $287,000, 
in 1944. 

Production of sulfa drugs, which totaled 10 million pounds in 1943, 
fell sharply to 4.5 million in 1944. Current demand was able to 
draw upon the fairly large stock piles accumulated during 1942 and 
1943. Competition with the newer antibiotics such as penicillin, 
which were preferred in some clinical applications, also may have 
contributed to the decline in production. Sulfathiazole continued 
as the principal sulfa drug. 

Production of acetanilide in 1944 decreased to 621,000 pounds 
from the level of 840,000 pounds in 1942 and in 1943. 

The output of p-aminobenzoic acid derivatives, which include 
compounds such as jS-diethylomino ethyl p-aminobenzoate hydro- 
chloride (procaine hydrochloride), ethyl p-aminobenzoate (benzo- 
caine or anaesthesine), and isobutylaminoethyl p-aminobenzoate 
(monocaine), was 142 million pounds in 1944; this quantity repre- 
sented a decline of about 5 percent from the 1943 level. The average 
unit value of sales of these compounds dropped from $10.10 per pound 
in 1943 to $6.38 in 1944. 

Although penicillin was the most important heterocyclic medicinal 
produced in 1944, statistics on production and sales of this product 
are not included with those on medicinals for that year because pro- 
duction was still largely on an experimental basis. Sales, completely 
under Government control, were almost entirely to the armed forces, 
and at a price many times that which prevailed early in 1945. Pro- 
ductipn in 1944 is estimated at 1.6 trillion Oxford units, valued at 
35 million dollars. 

The demand for 2-methoxy-6-chloro-9-diethylaminopentylamino- 



38 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

acridine (quinacrine hydrochloride or atebrin), the most important 
antimalarial, continued to increase in 1944. Production reached 
854,000 pounds; sales were 853,000 pounds, valued at 8.9 million 
dollars. In 1943, sales amounted to 504,000 poimds, valued at 6.2 
million dollars. 

Sales of synthetic caffeine in 1944 slightly exceeded production of 
that product; they amounted to 657,000 pounds, valued at 1.7 million 
dollars, compared with 468,000 pounds, valued at $821,000, in 1943. 

Production of barbituric acid derivatives, used by the military 
forces and in medicine for treatment of shock and as a soporific, 
amomited to 559,000 pounds m 1944, compared with 583,000 iii 1943 
and 607,000 in 1942. 

The sales value of all bulk vitamins amounted to 47 million dollars 
in 1944, a considerable drop from the value of 61 million dollars in 
1943, owmg chiefly to a marked decrease in prices in 1944. An ap- 
parent decrease m the quantity of some of the vitamins produced is 
the result of converting to a 100-percent basis, data which had pre- 
viously been incorrectly reported on a more dilute basis. Several of 
the vitamins were produced, however, m larger quantity in 1944 in 
accordance with increased demand and the flour-enrichment program. 
The combmed output of niacm and niacinamide, the pellagra- 
preventive vitamins, was 940,000 pounds in 1944. Statistics on 
production and sales of vitamins Bi (thiamin) and Bg (pyridoxine) 
are reported separately for the first time. In 1944 the output of Bi 
was 153,000 pounds; sales were 123,000 pounds, valued at 9.7 million 
dollars. Production of pyridoxine was 4,200 pounds, and sales were 
3,000 pounds, valued at 1.3 million dollars. 

The most important item m the acyclic subgroup of medicinals was 
ascorbic acid, the output of which totaled about 1.2 million pounds, a 
gam of about 400,000 pounds over 1943. Sales of this vitamin were 
valued at 13 million dollars out of a total of 18 million for the entire 
group of acyclic medicinals. 

FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 

The flavor and perfume materials included in this report are organic 
chemicals synthesized from natural crude materials or from cyclic or 
acyclic chemical intermediates; floral extracts or flavors obtained by 
extraction or distillation from natural substances are not included. 
Statistics on production and sales of these synthetic flavor and perfume 
materials are shown in table 14A. An alphabetical list of them, 
identifying the manufacturers of each, appears m table 14B, part III. 

Few of the products in this group reach the ultimate consumer in 
the form of the pure chemicals listed in the tables; instead they are 
blended with essential and floral oils, fixatives, and solvents according 
to special formulas. These blends or mixtm-es are then used to 
flavor foods, drinks, and medicines; to perfume toiletries, cosmetics, 
and soaps; and to conceal objectionable odors. 

The individual flavor and perfume materials are arranged in groups 
according to chemical classification as cyclic (including benzenoid, as 
well as terpenoid and heterocyclic), acyclic, and chemically modified 
essential oils. In 1944, refined benzyl benzoate was shifted to the 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



39 



Table 14 A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
flavor and perfume materials, 1944 

[Listed below are all synthetic organic flavor and perfume materials for which any reported data on pro- 
duction or sales may be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are confidential and may 
not be published, or where no data were reported.) Table 14B in part III lists alphabetically all those 
flavor and perfume materials for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies the 
manufacturer of each] 





Production 


Sales 




Quantity 


Value 


Unit value 


Grand total 


1,000 pounds 
16,279.0 


1,000 pounds 
15, 564. 


1,000 dollars 
19,111.2 


Per pound 
$1.23 






FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, 
CYCLIC 
Total -.. 


11, 726. 3 


11,049.8 


14, 564. 7 


1.32 






Materials for which separate statistics may not 
be shown , _ _. 


3.066.3 
8, 660. 

7, 425. 2 


3,137.7 
7, 912. 1 

6, 879. 4 


4, 733. 8 
9, 830. 9 

7,161.3 


1.51 


Materials for which separate statistics are shown 
below 


1.37 


Benzenoid 
Total 


1.04 






a-Amylcinnamaldehyde ..- -.- 


80.3 
221.9 
385.2 

62.6 


74.7 

198.6 

407.7 

54.5 

.3 

.4 

1.7 

328.7 

194.3 

1.1 

2.7 

.7 

2.9 

21.2 


121.6 

120.5 

408.2 

144.9 

1.1 

3.1 

8.8 

177.9 

131.6 

2.8 

15.2 

1.8 

5.4 

34.4 


1.61 


Amyl salicylate - - 


.61 


Anethole 


1.00 


Anisaldehyde . -._.-. .. 


2. 66 


Anisole (Methyl phenyl ether) .- 


3.38 


Anisyl acetate 




7.00 


Anisyl alcohol . - ^ 


2.5 

331.9 

204.3 

1.0 

2.8 

.5 

3.4 

23.7 

347.5 

7.7 

.7 

34.4 


5.20 


Benzyl acetate.- _ _-_ 


.54 


Benzyl alcohol _ . _ 


.68 


Benzyl butyrate . _..___ 


2.57 


Benzyl cinnamate-. .- --. . 


5.55 


Benzyl formate .-. _ - 


2.49 




1.89 


Benzyl salicylate .-. . -. - -. 


1.63 






Cinnamic acid 








Cinnamvl acetate 


.5 

34.5 

.1 

1.4 
.1 

1.7 
.7 

1.7 

.3 

,58.7 


2.9 

98.3 

1.0 

6.1 

.8 

1.4 

1.8 

12.2 

.2 

138. 7 


6.08 


Cinnamyl alcohol- -- - 


2.85 


Cinnamyl propionate .. 


9.31 


p-Cresyl o-toluate (p-Cresyl phenylacejate) . . . 




4.46 


Ethyl anthranilate - 




5.74 


Ethyl benzoate .- 




.83 


Ethyl cinnamate . . - 


.4 


2.78 


Ethyl methylphenylglycidate 


7.19 


Ethyl salicylate - 




.93 


Eugenol .. ._ __ -.. 


55.0 
.2 


2.37 






Isoeusenol- _ 


29.0 


97.4 


3.36 


Methyl benzoate 


53.0 

.7 
1.1 , 




a-Methylbenzyl alcohol (Methylphenyl carbinol) 
(Styralyl alcohol) 

Methyl cinnamate . _ - 


.7 
2.8 
1.9 


2.8 
5.3 
8.2 


4.01 
1.91 


Methvl eugenyl ether (Methyl eugenol) . -. 


4.28 


Methyl isoeugenyl ether 


4.1 

3.412.0 

• 139. 

284.5 




Methyl salicylate (Artificial wintergreen oil) 

Musk xylene _ .. -- „ 


3, 127. 1 
128.1 

268.4 
.4 

.2 

681.2 

1, 250. 4 

4, 170. 4 


964.3 

173.2 

509.5 

1.7 

1.4 

1, 528. 1 

2, 428. 7 

7, 403. 4 


.31 
1.35 


Phenethyl alcohol (Phenylethyl alcohol) 

Phenethyl propionate - 


1.90 
4.56 


3-Phenyl-l-propyl acetate (Hydrocinnamyl ace- 
tate)-.. 


.2 

653. 
1,111.7 

4,301.1 


6.12 


Vanillin - . . 


2.24 


All other 1 _- ---- 


2.11 


Terpenoid and Heterocyclic 
Total -. 


1.78 






Cedryl acetate . .. .. .. ■ 


11.9 

48.1 

3.3,1 

.4 

259.8 


11.5 

42.0 

36.5 

.7 

244.0 


33.3 

160. 1 

198.9 

5.1 

601.4 


2.90 


Citral 

Citronellol . ._ . ... - 


3.81 
5.44 


Citronellyl acetate . 


7.31 


Coumarin, synthetic 


2.47 



1 Includes data of production and sales for naphthalenoid compounds, which amounted to less than 1 
percent of the total. The data have been included with "All other" benzenoid compounds in order to 
prevent the disclosure of the operations of individual companies. 



40 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 14A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
flavor and perfume materials, 1944 — Continued 



Material 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit value 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, 
CYCLIC— Continued 

Terpenoid and HeteTocydic — Continued 



Geraniol 

Geranyl acetate.- 

Geranyl butyrate 

Geranyl formate 

Indole- -.- 

a-Ionone..- - 

^-lonone 

lonone, mixed 

Linalool, natural 

Linalyl acetate 

Linalyl butyrate , 

Linalyl formate 

Linalyl isobutyrate 

Linalyl propionate 

Menthol, synthetic, tech. and U. S. P- 

Methylionone 

Nerol 

Piperonal (Heliotropin) 

Rhodinol (2,6-Dimethylocten(2)ol) 

Rhodinyl acetate 

Santalol 

Terpineol (a and /3) 

Terpinyl acetate 

Vetivenyl acetate 

All other 



1,000 pounds 

62.0 

20.0 

.1 

.6 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, 
ACYCLIC 
Total 



Materials for which separate statistics may not 
be shown 

Materials for which separate statistics are shown 
below 



Allyl caproate. 

Decyl aldehyde (Cio) 

Ethyl butyrate 

Ethyl caproate 

Ethyl enanthate 

Ethyl pelargonate 

Ethyl sebacate. 

Isoamyl butyrate. 

Isoamyl formate 

Methylnonylacetaldehyde. 
Undecalactone 



CHEMICALLY MODIFIED ESSENTIAL 
OILS 
Total- 



25.1 



18.2 

38.3 

101.2 

.4 

.4 



.2 

217.1 

123.7 

1.8 

47.8 

21.6 

.2 

1.1 

1, 140. 3 

171.7 

1.4 

1, 954. 6 



4, 040. 2 



1 ,000 pounds 

59.2 

15.3 

.2 

.2 

3.7 

29.8 

.9 

28.4 

34.1 

89.9 

.2 

.4 

.4 

.1 

201.7 

125.3 

1.8 

44.4 

21.9 

.2 

.8 

1, 124. 

164.2 

1.3 

1,887.3 



4, 003. 6 



3, 992. 3 
47.9 

2.5 
2.9 



1.3 

9.5 

.3 

.8 

25.2 

1.3 

1.1 

3.0 



512.5 



1,000 dollars 

257. 4 

75.0 

LI 

1.5 

68.4 

121.4 

8.2 

100.4 

255.6 

441.0 

2.1 

3.2 

4.3 

1.3 

1, 400. 3 

519.4 

15.8 

141.8 

183.4 

3.0 

11.8 

299.7 

106.2 

77.2 

2, 305. 1 



4, 431. 9 



3, 890. 5 
113.1 

2.2 

2.5 

7L4 



10.4 
.1 



21.4 
LO 
LI 
3.0 



510.6 



Per pound 

$4. 35 

4.90 

6.45 

8.59 

18. 67 

4.08 

9.32 

3.53 

7.48 

4.90 

8.49 

7.84 

9.75 

10.64 

6.94 

4.14 

8.89 

3.19 

8.36 

18.35 

14.90 

.27 

.65 

59.01 

L22 



1.11 



4, 244. 8 
187.1 

10.1 
44.8 
53.1 



1L6 
.4 



17.7 

1.0 

26.0 

22.4 



L09 



4.51 

17.57 

.74 



1. U 
7.51 



.83 

.97 

24.05 

7.42 



medicinal group because of its increased use in the treatment of 
scabies; another use of this product is in insect repellents. 

Production of all flavor and perfume materials in 1944 totaled 16.3 
million pounds, an mcrease of 23 percent over 1943 and almost 6 
percent over 1942, the highest previous year. This increase, made 
possible by larger supplies of some raw materials, was partly in re- 
sponse to a greater demand resulting from a higher national income. 
It also reflected a greater substitution of synthetic flavor and perfume 
materials for natural products, imports of which were limited by war 
conditions. Certain flavoring materials were requhed in greater 
quantity for use in military rations. Sales in 1944, totaling 15.6 
million pounds, were valued at 19.1 million dollars. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 41 

Production of benzenoid flavor and perfume materials in 1944 
amounted to 7.4 million pounds, 18 percent greater than in 1943. 
This mcrease was due in part to larger supplies of coal-tar intermedi- 
ates. Production of methyl salicylate (artificial wintergreen oil) in 
1944 totaled 3.4 million poimds; sales were 3.1 million pounds, valued 
at $964,000. Production of vanillin totaled 653,000 pounds; sales 
were 681,000 pounds, valued at 1.5 million dollars. 

The output of terpenoid and heterocyclic chemicals combined was 
4.3 million pounds; sales were 4.2 million pounds, valued at 7.4 million 
dollars. Shortages of natural menthol stimulated the production of 
synthetic menthol, which reached 217,000 pounds; production would 
probably have been much higher if raw materials for the synthetic 
product had been more abundant. Another important item in this 
group was coumarin; 260,000 pounds was produced and 244,000 
pounds, valued at $601,000, was sold. Production of citronellol, 
geraniol, and their derivatives was low because of the shortage of 
imported raw materials. Among the items for which the statistics 
are not publishable, saccharin, a substitute sweetening agent, was 
produced in large quantities owing to the shortage of sugar. 

The acyclic flavor and perfume materials consist chiefly of sjni- 
thetic alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, and .esters. Statistics reported 
to the Commission on the principal item in this group, monosodium 
glutamate, cannot be shown as they are confidential; but production 
in 1944 is estimated in trade publications at about 3.5 million pounds. 
This material enriches the flavors of other foods and is used in dehy- 
drated soups. Army rations, and other products. 

PLASTICS MATERIALS 

Plastics materials are produced in semimanufactured forms such as 
granular molding compounds, solutions, and sheets. They may be 
further processed by the manufactiuers, or sold to fabricators. In 
either case, the plastics materials go into molded objects such as 
radio cabinets; laminated products such as table tops; preparations 
for treatment of paper, textiles, and leather; protective coatings for 
wood and metal; adhesives; safety glass; and a multitude of other 
finished products for civilian or military uses. 

Plastics materials may be made from a wide variety of raw materials 
and each has its special properties which make it preferable in certain 
uses. Phenolic condensation resins, for example, have a high tensile 
strength and are thermo-setting; that is, they are not changed greatly 
in form by heat. Polystyrene polymerization resins have excellent 
electrical properties. Organic nitrogen resins may be easily molded 
or cast into clear or slightly colored products; vinyl polymers make 
flexible special-purpose resins; and acrylate resins are transparent 
and especially useful where special optical properties are desired. 
Alkyd resins of the phthalic anhydride, abietic acid, and maleic acid or 
anhydride types are used widely in protective coatings, which consti- 
tute one of the major uses of all plastics materials as a group. 

Plastics materials made from cellulose esters are not considered 
within the scope of this report. Data on cellulose plastics are pub- 
lished by the United States Bm^eau of the Census. Statistics on 
production and sales of cellulose esters as a chemical raw material for 



42 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



all purposes are included with the group of miscellaneous chemicals. 
United States production and sales of plastics materials are shown 
in table ISA (see also table 15B, part III, for an alphabetical list of 
these products in which the manufacturers are identified). 

Table 15A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
plastics materials, grouped according to chemical composition, 1944 

[Quantities and values are based on net resin content'only.i Listed below are all synthetic plastics materials 
for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders are used where the re- 
ported data are confidential and may not be published or where no data were reported.) Table 15B in 
part III lists alphabetically all those products for which data on production or sales were reported and 
identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Material 



Grand total 

PLASTICS MATERIALS, CYCLIC 
Total ."- 

Materials for which separate statistics may not be 
shown - 

Materials for which separate statistics are shown 
below - 

Condensation Resins, Benzenoid 

Total- -- 

Alkyd resins, total ' ..- 

Saturated polyesters type, total 

Phthalic anhydride-glycerol, total 

For molding and casting 

For protective coatings..- 

For other uses 

All other 

Unsaturated polyesters type 

Coal-tar acid resins, total.— 

Phenolic resins, total.. 

p-tert-Allcylphenol-aldehyde (p-tert-Amyl- 
phenol and p-tert-Butylphenol) 

Cresols-formaldehyde, total 

For laminating 

For other uses 

Phenol-formaldehyde, total. 

For molding 

For laminating 

For protective coatings 

For adhesives 

For textile, paper, and leather treatment... 
For other uses 

Phenol-formaldehyde, modified by abietic 
acid 

Phenol-formaldehyde, modified by abietic 
acid ester. 

All other phenolic resins 

Mi.xed phenolic (tar acid) resins, total. 

Cresylic acid-formaldehyde 

Cresols- and xylenols-aldehyde 

All other mixed phenolic resins 

All other cyclic condensation resins 

Polymerization Resins, Benzenoid 

Total 

Polyaromatic resins, total 

Polystyrene resins 

All other polyaromatic resins 

All other cyclic polymerization resins 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Production 



1,000 
pounds 
782, 352 



16,535 
387, 578 



334, 396 



132, 402 



130, 123 

127, 854 

162 

127,083 

609 

2,269 

2,279 

197, 315 



158, 946 

2,575 
14, 825 
12, 481 

2,344 
116,204 
42, 094 
27, 173 
10, 296 
21, 080 
318 
15, 243 

2, 020. 

20, 889 
2,433 

38, 369 
6,720 
1,740 

29, 909 
4,679 



,717 



57, 861 



10, 571 
47, 290 
11, 856 



Sales 2 



Quantity 



1,000 
pounds 
697, 328 



380, 822 



16, 356 
364, 466 



311, 345 



118,348 



116,079 

114, 205 

118 

113,534 

553 

1,874 

2,269 

188, 366 



153, 370 

2,513 
15, 134 
12, 795 

2,339 
111,340 
41, 868 
23,169 
10, 115 
20, 787 

15, 401 

1,625 

20, 627 
2,131 

34, 996 
4,148 
1,340 

29, 508 
4,631 



69, 477 



57, 752 



10, 702 
47, 050 

11, 725 



Value 



1,000 
dollars 
211,342 



1,397 
81,867 



76, 081 



22,278 



21, 813 

21, 392 
35 

21, 244 
113 
421 
465 

52, 662 



42, 461 

807 

3,546 

2,889 

657 

33, 576 

15, 726 

5,527 

3,793 

3,841 

(*) 

4,689 

237 

.3, 492 

803 

10, 201 

1,089 
385 

8,727 

1,141 



7,183 



6,927 



3,001 

3,926 

256 



Unit value 



Per 
pound 
$0.30 



.19 
.19 
.30 
.19 
.20 
.22 
.20 
.28 



(*) 



.32 
.23 
.23 
.28 
.30 
.38 
.24 
.37 
.18 



.17 
.38 
.29 
.26 
.29 
.30 
.25 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



43 



Table 15A.' — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
plastics materials, grouped according to chemical composition, jfS^^^Continued 



Material 


Production 


Sales 2 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit value 


PLASTICS MATERIALS, ACYCLIC « 
Total . . . .- 


1,000 
pounds 
378, 239 


1,000 
pounds 
316, 506 


1,000 
dollars 
128, 078 


Per 
pound 
$0.40 






Materials for which separate statistics may not 
be shown. _ 


79, 429 
298, 810 

171, 545 


50, 770 
265, 736 

162, 312 


39, 567 
88,511 

37, 885 


.78 


Materials for which separate statistics are shown 
below -. 


.33 


Condensation Resins 
Total 


.23 






Alkyd resins, total 


105, 481 


101, 337 


17, 484 


.17 






Abietic acid, and abietic acid and maleic acid._ 
Kiimarin acid 


70, 686 
.3, 411 

13, 572 
17, 812 
66, 064 


68, 126 
3,306 

12, 955 
16, 950 
60, 975 


8,088 
665 

3,164 

5,567 
20, 401 


.12 

.20 


Maleic acid or anhydride and maleic anhydride- 
terpene ... 


.24 


All other __ 


.33 


Organic nitrogen resins, total 


.33 






Urea-formaldehyde, total 


48, 066 
18, 647 
22,411 
3, 580 
3, 428 
17, 998 

206, 694 


43, 110 
13, 958 
20, 876 
5,359 
2, 917 
17, 865 

154, 194 


13, 218 

7,108 

4, 575 

916 

619 

7,183 

90, 193 


.31 




.51 


For adhesives- 


.22 


For textile, paper, and leather treatment 


.17 
.21 


All other organic nitrogen resins ' 


.40 


Polymerization Resins 
Total..... 


.59 






Alcohol polymerization resins (allyl and furfuryl 
alcohols) 

Polyvinyl alcohol, ester, ether, and halide resins.. 
Polyvinyl alcohol-aldehyde resins 


373 

111,900 

14, 992 

79, 429 


444 
91, 369 
11,611 
50, 770 


394 
39, 743 
10, 489 
39, 567 


.89 
.43 
.90 

.78 







1 Net resin content excludes all fillers, drying agents, dyes, and plasticizers. Chemical modifiers such as 
abietic acid and special oils are considered part of the net resin content when they are chemically combined 
with the principal resin. 

2 Sales of protective coatings materials include certain intraplant transfers as well as the usual interplant 
transfers, i. e., transfers from the producing department of a plant to the department of the same plant 
which mixes or compounds these materials for sale. 

3 Data for alkyd resins include anhydride-alcohol-oil chemically combined. 
< Included in statistics of phenol-forrnaldehyde resins for other uses. 

' Includes small amounts of alicychc'and heterocyclic resins. 

6 Includes statistics for polymethacrylic acid ester resins, polyamide resins, and several other miscella- 
Qeous resias. 

The data in table 15A are given in terms of the net-resin content of 
the type of resin reported, that is, solvents, dyes, fillers (such as saw- 
dust), and other unreacted chemicals are not included in the weight 
reported. Oil and abietic acid when chemically combined, however, 
are included. Statistics of plastics materials on this basis are less 
influenced by various methods of formulation, which may change 
from year to year, than statistics on the basis of gross weight. They 
are also more suitable for combination with the statistics of the 
other synthetic organic chemicals included in this report. In order 
to obtain over-all totals for the entire synthetic organic chemical 
industry, statistics for all synthetic organic chemicals, except dyes, 
are given in terms of undiluted materials. 

According to value of sales, plastics materials was the third largest 
group in the synthetic organic chemical industry in 1944, being 
exceeded only by miscellaneous chemicals and synthetic elastomers 

697646—46 4 



44 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



(synthetic rubbers). Sales amounted to 211 million dollars. The 
quantity produced was 782 million pounds, and the quantity sold, 
697 million pounds. In 1943, about 654 million pounds was produced 
and 568 million pounds, valued at 178 million dollars, was sold. 

Most of the increase in the output of plastics materials in 1944 over 
previous years was in the acyclic subgroup. Included in this subgroup 
in 1944 are small amounts of nonbenzenoid resins, that is, non-coal-tar 
resins, which are nevertheless cyclic compounds. Production of 
materials in this subgroup totaled 378 million pounds compared with 
273 million in 1943, the previous high. Alkyd resins (chiefly types such 
as abietic acid, maleic acid and anhydride, and fumaric acid), poly- 
vinyl resins, acrylate resins, and polyamide condensation resins 
accounted for most of the increase. Production of urea-formaldehyde 
resins decreased. 

The output of cyclic plastics materials, chiefly benzenoid con- 
densation products such as alkyd resins derived from phthalic anhy- 
dride and coal-tar acid resins, amounted to 404 million pounds in 1944. 
This represents an increase of 24 million pounds over the output in 
1943. Production of resins derived from phenols, cresols, xylenols, 
or mixtures of these materials (tar-acid resins) totaled 197 million 
pounds, an increase of 49 million over the output in 1943. Production 
of alkyd resins in this subgroup amounted to 132 million pounds in 
1944 compared with 155 million in 1943. Tliis decline in output oc- 

Table 16. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
plastics materials, grouped according to use, 1944 

[Quantities and values are based on net resin content only] 





Production 


Sales 




Use 


Quantity 


Percent 
of total 


Quantity 


Value 


Percent 
of total 


Unit value 


Grand total 


1,000 
pounds 
782. 352 


t 


1,000 
pounds 
697, 328 


1,000 
dollars 
211,342 




Per pound 
$0.30 








PLASTICS MATERIALS, 
CYCLIC 
Total _., 


404, 113 


100.0 


380, 822 


83, 264 


100.0 


.22 






For molding and casting 


72,270 
50, 883 
188, 685 
26, 241 

793 
65, 241 

378, 239 


17.9 
12.6 

46.7 
6.5 

.2 
16.1 

100.0 


72, 124 

44, 531 

173,434 

2.5, 843 

720 
64. 170 

316, 506 


26, 293 
9,963 

33, 276 
5,365 

203 
8,164 

128, 078 


31.6 
12.0 
40.0 
6.4 

.2 
9.8 

100.0 


.36 


For laminating 


.22 


For protective coatings 


.19 


For adhesives _ _ .. 


.21 


For textile, paper, and leather 
treatment- .. 


.28 


For miscellaneous uses i 


.13 


PLASTICS MATERIALS, 
ACYCLIC 2 

Total 


.40 


For moldin? and casting 

For laminating. " ._ . 


47, 645 

6,059 

102, 138 

55, 544 

25, 628 
141, 225 


12.6 

1.6 

27.0 

14.7 

6.8 
37.3 


38, 586 

5,908 

97, 461 

46, 982 

26. 303 
101, 266 


29, 279 
3,490 
18,912 
14, 508 

10,753 
51, 136 


22.9 

2.7 

14.8 

11.3 

S.4 
39.9 


.76 
.59 


For protective coatings 

For adhesives . .. 


.19 
.31 


For textile, paper, and leather 
treatment.. 


.41 


For miscellaneous uses " . 


.50 











• Includes small amount of resin reported for ion exchange. 
' Includes small amounts of alicyclic and heterocyclic resins. 
' Includes resins reported for glazing, sheeting, and films, 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 45 

curred partly because of a shortage in supplies of phthalic anhydride 
owing to an increase in the demand for this material for plasticizers 
and insect repellents. 

Production and sales of plastics materials classified by use are shown 
in table 16. 

Materials for protective coatings were the largest item in the total 
quantity produced, followed, in the order named, by materials for 
molding and casting; for adhesives; for laminating; and for treatment 
of textiles, paper, and leather. About 200 million pounds was pro- 
duced for unspecified uses. 

RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS 

Rubber-processing chemicals (formerly reported under the name of 
rubber chemicals) include those organic compounds which are added 
to rubber in order to control its vulcanization and aging properties. 
This classification does not include chemicals (such as styrene and 
butadiene) used as raw materials for the manufacture of synthetic 
elastomers (synthetic rubbers). 

The three principal groups of rubber-processing chemicals are the 
accelerators, the antioxidants, and the peptizers. The addition of an 
accelerator to an unprocessed rubber mixture materially shortens the 
time required for vulcanization and yields a finished product with 
higher tensile strength and better resistance to aging. The use of 
antioxidants lengthens the hfe of the rubber. Peptizers are used by 
the rubber-goods manufacturing industry to soften rubber more 
quickly during its processing. 

Statistics on production and sales of these rubber-processing chemi- 
cals for 1944 are shown in table 17A (see also table 17B, part III, for 
an alphabetical list of these products in which the manufacturers are 
identified.) 

Production of rubber-processing chemicals continued to increase in 
1944, reaching a new high of 93 million pounds, an increase of 12 
million pomids over the previous peak production of 1943. Sales in 
1944 also reached a record high of 85 million pounds, valued at 42 
million dollars, compared with 77 million pounds, valued at 31 mil- 
lion dollars, in 1943. The increase was due to a greater production 
of both synthetic rubber and rubber manufactures and to the larger 
amount of rubber-processing chemicals required to process synthetic 
rubber compared with natural rubber. 

The output of cyclic rubber-processing chemicals, chiefly acceler- 
ators and antioxidants, rose from 62 million pounds in 1943 to 74 
million in 1944, an increase of almost 20 percent. Sales of these 
cyclic compounds totaled 66 million pounds, valued at 27 million 
dollars, representing an increase over 1943 of 14 percent in the quan- 
tity sold. 

Statistics for cyclic accelerators are shown in four chemical sub- 
groups, of which the most important was the thiazole derivatives. 
In 1944, production of this group amounted to 29 million pounds; 
production of 2-mercaptobenzothiazole accounted for 11 million 
pounds of this amount. The output of guanidine accelerators was 
about 3 million pounds, which was above the level of the last 2 years, 
but less than the high of 4 million pounds reached in 1941. Di- 



46 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 17A.^ — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
rubber-processing chemicals, 1944 

[Listed below are all rubber-processing chemicals for which any reported data on production or sales may 
be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are confidential and may not be published or 

• where no data were reported.) Table 17B in part III lists alphabetically all those for which data on pro- 
duction or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Product 


Production 


Sales 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit value 


Grand total - . 


1,000 
pounds 
92, 639 


1,000 
pounds 
84, 725 


1,000 
dollars 
42, 075 


Per 
pound 
$0.50 






RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, 
CYCLIC 
Total - 


73, 774 


66, 260 


27,446 


.41 






Products for which separate statistics may not 


38,222 
35, 552 
33, 528 


37, 058 
29,202 
27, 769 


14, 464 
12,982 
11,944 


.39 


Products for which separate statistics are shown 
below . . - - 


.44 


Accelerators, total -- 


.43 






Aldehyde-amines, total . _ -. 


833 

510 

323 

538 

2, 967 

2,459 

508 

28, 782 

11,207 

17, 575 

408 

40, 246 


792 

476 

316 

522 

2,942 

2,331 

611 

23, 134 


461 

287 
174 
487 

1,067 
809 
258 

9,675 


.58 


n-Butyraldehyde-aniline 


.60 


All other 


.55 


Dithiocarbamates 


.93 


Guanidines and guanidine mixtures, total 


.36 
.35 


All other 


.42 


Thiazole derivatives, total 


.42 






All other 








All other I - 


379 
38, 491 


254 

15, 502 


.67 


Antioxidants, total - 


.40 








315 

2,117 
37, 814 

18, 805 








Secondary amines: N,N'-Diphenyl-p-phenyl- 
enediamine. ._ - .. - 


1,812 
36, 679 

18, 465 


1,292 
14, 210 

14, 629 


.71 


All other 


.39 


RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS 
ACYCLIC 
Total- 


.79 






Products for which separate statistics may not 
be shown 


204 
18, 661 
6,536 


188 
18, 277 
6,178 


160 
14, 469 
5,623 


.85 


Products for which separate statistics are shown 
below 


.79 


Accelerators, total 


.91 






Dithiocarbamates^ _ . 


612 

5,720 

773 

4,947 

204 

12, 329 


511 
5,479 

664 
4, 815 

188 
12, 287 


709 
4,754 

786 
3,968 

160 
9,006 


1.39 


Thiuram derivatives, total . . _. . _ 


.87 


Tetramethylthiuram disulfide 


1.18 


Another 


.82 


Another _. . . 


.85 


Peptizers: Dodecyl mercaptan ... . 


.73 







' Includes statistics of production and sales of rubber tackifiers. 

phenylguanidine continued to be the leading individual guanidine 
compound. 

The output of cyclic antioxidants continued its slow rise. In 1944, 
production totaled 40 million pomids, or 2 million pounds more than 
in 1943. 

Acyclic rubber-processing chemicals include both accelerators and 
peptizers. No data have been reported for acyclic antioxidants. An 
apparent slight decrease in the output of acyclic compounds is due 
to the reclassification of several of them, particularly xanthates; 
these compounds are now included with miscellaneous chemicals (see 
table 2lA) as flotation reagents, which is now their major use. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 47 

The production of dithiocarbamates has been irregular in recent 
years. It was 470,000 pounds in 1941, 150,000 pounds in 1942, and 
612,000 pounds in 1944. 

Dodecyl mercaptan was the rubber-processing chemical produced 
in the largest quantity in 1944. It is used both as a peptizer and as 
an agent to control the polymerization processes in manufacturing 
synthetic rubber. Production of dodecyl mercaptan, which was 12 
million pounds in 1944, was very much larger than in 1943. The 
large output of this material (with an average sales value of 73 cents 
per pound) raised the average sales value for all acyclic rubber- 
processing chemicals from 40 cents per pound in 1943 to 79 cents in 
1944. Sales of dodecyl mercaptan accounted for 67 percent of the 
total sales of acyclic rubber-processing chemicals in 1944. 

ELASTOMERS (SYNTHETIC RUBBERS) 

Synthetic elastomers ^ made the greatest gain in production of any 
group of synthetic organic chemicals in 1944. The relative impor- 
tance of this group has increased with the mounting production of 
synthetic rubber. This group includes synthetic rubber of the poly- 
butadiene-styrene (GR-S), polybutadiene-acrylonitrile (GR-A), and 
polycliloroprene (GR-M) types for special purposes and for tire 
manufacture, and also products such as polyvinyl alcohol and poly- 
vinyl alcohol-aldehyde copolymers which have been converted into 
elastomers by the addition of a plasticizer. Statistics on production 
and sales of synthetic elastomers are shown in table 18A (see also 
table 18B, part III, for an alphabetical list of these products in which 
the manufacturers are identified). 

In 1944, the production of synthetic elastomers was three times that 
of 1943 (1.8 billion pounds compared with 573 million). Sales totaled 
1.6 billion pounds, valued at 354 million dollars, in 1944, compared 
with 553 million pounds, valued at 156 million dollars, in the previous 
year. 

Production of the cychc elastomers, chiefly the polybutadiene- 
styrene (GR-S) type of synthetic rubber, reached a total of 1.5 billion 
pounds, or more than three and one-half times the output in 1943, 
which was 414 million pounds. This elastomer accoimted for the 
greater part of the production of all synthetic rubbers in 1944. It is 
preferred because of its comparatively low cost and general suitability 
for use in tires. Raw materials for the polybutadiene-styrene elas- 
tomers may be obtained from either petroleum or grain and from either 
coke-oven gas or tar. This type of synthetic rubber is produced by 
emulsifying high-purity butadiene and styrene, adding a catalyst 
to promote polymerization, and coagulating to recover the final prod- 
uct, which is dried and pressed into blocks. 

Production of acyclic elastomers, principally polychloroprene 
(GR-M or Neoprene), polyisobutylene-diolefin (GR-I), and poly- 
butadiene-acrylonitrile (GR-A) types, increased from 159 million 
pounds in 1943 to 257 million in 1944. The average unit value of 37 
cents per pound in 1944 represented a considerable decrease from 
that of 54 cents in 1943. The unit value of nearly all of the elastomers 
decreased in 1944. 

1 An elastomer is defined as a material that will stretch repeatedly to at least 150 percent of its original 
dimension and will return rapidly and with force to its approximate original shape. 



48 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 18A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
elastomers {synthetic rubbers),^ 1944 

[Listed below are all synthetic elastomers for which any reported data on production or sales may be pub- 
lished. Table 18B in part III lists alphabetically all those elastomers for which data on production or 
sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Chemical 



Production 



Sales » 



Quantity 



Value Unit value 



Grand total 

ELASTOMERS, CYCLIC 

Total - --.. 

Polybutadiene-styrene (GR-S type): 

Produced at Government plants ^. , 

Produced at private plants *. 

ELASTOMERS, ACYCLIC 

Total 

Elastomers for which separate statistics may not 
be shown 

Elastomers for which separate statistics are 
shown below -.- 

Polybutadiene-acrylonitrile (GR-A type) (Bima 
N), total 

Produced at Government plant 

Produced at private plants. 

Polychloroprene (GR-M type) (Neoprene) ' 

Polyisobutylene-diolefin (QR-I type) ' 

Polyisoprene » 



1 ,000 pounds 
1,757,910 



1 ,000 pounds 
1, 628, 437 



1,000 dollars 
3.^3, 750 



Per pound 
$0.22 



1, 600, 993 



1, 395, 136 



268, 315 



1, 497, 758 
3,235 



256, 917 



1, 391, 697 
3,439 



233, 301 



266, 961 
1,354 



85, 435 



.37 



70, 544 
186, 373 

37, 731 



68,434 

164, 867 

31, 704 



34, 486 
60, 949 

14, 954 



4,617 
33, 114 

105, 957 

42, 315 

370 



46 
31, 658 

98, 435 

34, 362 

366 



23 
14, 931 

27, 070 

8,857 

68 



' An elastomer is defined as a material which will stretch repeatedly to 150 percent or more and will return 
rapidly and with force to its approximate original shape. Synthetic elastomers include synthetic rubbers. 

2 Value of sales for some plants operated for the Rubber Reserve Company represent the value calculated 
from the quantity of sales and the average book value per pound for 1944 as supplied by the Rubber Reserve 
Company. 

3 In addition, plants operated for Polymer Corporation, a Canadian Government corporation, produced 
71,814,400 pounds and sold 71,814,400 pounds, valued at $13,285,664. 

* Includes statistics for polystyrene and polyisoprene-styrene elastomers. 

• Data for Government plant only. 

' In addition, plants operated for Polymer Corporation, a Canadian Government corporation, produced 
6,198,080 pounds and sold 6,198,080 pounds, valued at $960,702. 

Polychloroprene elastomers, which have been manufactured in the 
United States since 1932, have increased in use to such an extent that 
they have become one of the most important of the acyclic subgroup. 
Production in 1944 was 106 million pounds, or 31 million greater 
than in 1943. The stability of Neoprene under continued exposure to 
oils, chemicals, heat, freezing, and sunlight accounts for its widespread 
use even though it is higher in price than most of the other synthetic 
elastomers. 

Important elastomers for which statistics are not separately shown 
are the poljrvinyl alcohol-aldehyde copolymers and the polyalkylene- 
sulfide types. Polyvinyl polymers have proved to be especially 
adapted for certain uses. Their electrical properties and chemical 
resistance have promoted their use for tubing, wire, and cable insula- 
tion. 

SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 

Table 19A shows production and sales of surface-active agents for 
1944 (see also table 19B, part III, for an alphabetical list of these 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



49 



Table 19 A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
surface-active agents, 1944 

[Listed below are all surface-active agents for which any reported data on production or sales may be pub- 
lished. (Leaders are used where the repoFted data are confidential and may not be published or where 
no data are reported.) Table 19B in part III lists alphabetically all those chemicals for which data on 
production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Chemical 


Production 


Sales 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit value 


Grand total 


1,000 pounds 
152, 636 


1,000 pounds 
134, 706 


1,000 dollars 
29, 938 


Per pound 
$0.22 




SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, CYCLIC 
Total 


74, 264 


70, 880 


11, 905 


.17 




Chemicals for which separate statistics may not 
be shown - .. . ._ 


31, 454 
42, 810 

1,890 
11, 401 


31, 550 
39, 330 

1,828 
11, 143 


5,778 
6,127 

1,864 
1,978 


.18 
16 


Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown 


Nonsulfated and nonsulfonated: Quaternary am- 


L02 

.18 


Sulfated and sulfonated: 
Naphthalene derivatives, sulfonated, total 


Isopropylnaphthalenesulfonic acid (mono) 
and sodium salt 


433 
10, 968 
29, 519 

78, 372 


412 
10, 731 
26, 359 

63, 826 


140 

1,838 
2,285 

18, 033 


34 


All other 


17 


Petroleum sulfonates . 


09 


SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC 
Total 


28 






Chemicals for which separate statistics may not 
be shown _ -_. _ - _ 


27, 636 
50, 736 

1,133 
548 

2,727 


11,595 
52, 231 

519 
547 


2,998 
15,035 

267 
76 


,26 


Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown 
below - - - - 


29 


Nonsulfated and nonsulfonated: 
Amides 


51 


Salts of fatty acids - . . .. .- 


14 


Sulfated and sulfonated: 
Acids, sulfated and sulfonated, total 












Oleic acid, sulfonated 


2,031 

696 

8,613 


1,963 


385 


20 


All other 




Amides, sulfated and sulfonated, total-. 


8,717 


2,462 


28 






Lauroyltaurine (Ethanol lauramide sulfonic 
acid) salts 


315 
8,298 


333 

8,384 
14, 049 
7,536 

18, 900 


169 
2,293 
3,706 
5,553 

2,586 


.51 


Another-- _ 


.27 


Alcohols, sulfated and sulfonated.. 


.26 


Esters, sulfated and sulfonated 


8,945 
28, 770 


.74 


Oils, fats, and waxes, sulfated and sulfonated, 
total 


14 






Castor oil, sulfonated 

Cod oil, sulfonated -. . . 


6,770 
1,639 

723 
2,616 
1,928 

661 
1,232 
3,769 
9,432 


4,568 

1,638 

270 

2,542 

571 

657 

575 

2,599 

5,480 


719 
215 

44 
340 

90 
102 

87 
248 
741 


.16 
13 


Corn oil, sulfonated 

Neat's-foot oil, sulfonated 

Peanut oil, sulfonated 


.16 
.13 
.16 


Soybean oil, sulfonated . 


.16 


Sperm oil, sulfonated 

Tallow, sulfonated 


. .15 
.09 


Another 


.14 







products in which the manufacturers are identified). In previous 
years, these chemicals have been included with miscellaneous chem- 
icals; their totals are still included with that group in order to tempo- 
rarily preserve comparability of the statistics of miscellaneous chem- 
icals. Data are reported in terms of bulk surface-active agents, that 
is, in terms of 100-percent content of the surface-active agent, exclusive 
of all ingredients such as inorganic salts and water. 



50 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Surface-active agents include detergents (other than soap), wetting 
agents, and dispersing agents (other than waxes). In general, these 
chemicals contain a hydrophobic — or water-insoluble — radical and a 
hydrophyllic- — or water-soluble — radical which enable them to be 
partly soluble in both aqueous and nonaqueous mediums. This 
property alters the interfacial tension between these two mediums, 
thereby improving their miscibility. The selection of the proper 
radicals or chemical groups results in products that are active in a 
variety of mixtures where soaps would be quite ineffective. Subse- 
quently these chemicals may be converted into finished preparations 
such as cleaning compounds, shampoos, prepared textile specialties, 
and dentifrices. 

Production of surface-active agents totaled 153 million pounds in 
1944. This was a large increase over 1943, but part of it was only 
apparent, being due to more complete reporting, especially of the 
cyclic products. Sales in 1944 were 135 million pounds, valued at 
30 million dollars, with an average unit value of 22 cents per pound. 

The 1944 output of cyclic surface-active agents, which accounted 
for slightly less than half of the total for all such agents, was 74 million 
pounds; sales of 71 million pounds amounted to 12 million dollars. 
Production of aromatic sulfonates from petroleum was 30 milUon 
pounds; sales were 26 miUion poimds,. valued at 2 million dollars. 
Quaternary ammonium compounds, wliich are effective cationic ger- 
micides, had the highest average unit value of any surface-active 
agent — $1.02 per pound. 

Production of acyclic surface-active agents totaled 78 million pounds, 
a 31-percent increase over 1943. Sales were 64 million pounds, valued 
at 18 million dollars, in 1944, compared with 57 million pounds, valued 
at 15 million dollars, in 1943. Fats and oils — the raw materials for 
soaps — are also the most important raw materials for acyclic surface- 
active agents. The fatty acids obtained from these fats and oils may 
be hydrogenated, re-esterified, sulfonated, or converted to amides or 
other products. Production of sulfonated fats and oils — one of the 
oldest types of surface-active agents — totaled 29 million pounds, an 
increase of at least 150 percent over 1943. This increase, however, 
largely reflects more complete reporting of the statistics. Sales of 
sulfonated fats and oils were 19 million pounds, valued at 3 million 
dollars, in 1944 compared with 11 million pounds, valued at 4 million 
dollars, in 1943. 

PLASTICIZERS 

Plasticizers are relatively inert high-boiling liquids or low-melting 
solids which are added to plastics materials in order to make them 
more workable, more flexible, or more elastic. Table 20A shows pro- 
duction and sales of these products in 1944 (see also table 20B, part 
III, for an alphabetical list of these products in which the manufac- 
turers are identified). In previous years, these chemicals have been 
included with miscellaneous chemicals; their totals are still included 
with that group in order to temporarily preserve comparability of the 
statistics on miscellaneous chemicals. 

Production of plasticizers amounted to 187 million pounds in 1944, 
a 37-percent increase over 1943. Sales of plasticizers were 172 million 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 194 4 



51 



pounds, valued at 39 million dollars, compared mth 129 million 
pounds, valued at 32 million dollars, in 1943. 

About six times as much cyclic plasticizers — 160 million pounds— 
as acyclic plasticizers was produced in 1944. Sales of 153 million 
pounds were valued at 32 million dollars. The most important group 
of cyclic plasticizers were the phthalates, and the most important 
individual items were dibutyl phthalate, with a production of 48 mil- 
lion pounds, and dimethyl phthalate (which is also used as an insect 
repellent), with a production of 43 million pounds. Tricresyl phos- 
phate, the output of which amounted to 21 million pounds, ranked 
third in importance in the cyclic group. 

Production of acyclic plasticizers totaled 27 million pounds in 1944. 
Sales of 19 million poimds were valued at 7 million dollars. The 
production of dibutyl sebacate, the most important acyclic plasticizer, 
was 5 million pounds; sales were slightly less than 5 million pounds, 
valued at 2 million dollars. 

Table 20A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States -production and sales of 

plasticizers, 1944 

[Listed below are all plasticizers for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. 
Table 20B in part III lists alphabetically all those plasticizers for which data on production or sales were 
reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 





Production 


Sales 




Quantity 


Value 


Unit value 




1,000 pounds 
186, 745 


1,000 pounds 
171, 741 


1,000 dollars 
39, 065 


Per pound 
$0. 23 






PLASTICIZERS, CYCLIC 

Total - 


160, 235 


153, 120 


32, 257 


.21 






Chemicals for which separate statistics may not 


22, 253 
137,982 

21, 172 
116, 810 


17, 996 
135, 124 

20, 409 
114,715 


5,187 
27, 070 

4,979 
22, 091 


.29 


Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown 


.20 


Phosphoric acid esters: Tricresyl phosphate 

Phthalic acid or anhydride esters, total . 


.24 
.19 






Dibutyl phthalate . .- 


47, 810 

3,478 

42, 837 

22, 685 

26, 510 


47, 232 

3,714 

42, 163 

21,606 

18, 621 


9,533 

710 

6,609 

5,239 

6,808 


.20 




.19 


Dimethyl phthalate ' -- 


.16 


All other-. . .._ - - 


.24 


PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC 
Total 


.37 






Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be 
shown . - 


12, 495 
14,015 

946 
3,544 
1,104 
5,455 
2,966 


7,416 
11,205 

927 
2,049 
1,085 
4,522 
2,622 


2,530 
4,278 

354 
431 

452 

2,216 

825 


.34 


Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown 


.38 




.38 




.21 




.42 




.49 




.32 








602 
1,260 
1,104 


691 

958 

1,073 


175 
322 
328 


.30 




.34 




.31 







> Includes dimethyl phthalate for use as an insect repellent. 



52 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETICIORGANICICHEMICALS 

Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals consist of acyclic inter- 
mediates and finished acyclic and cyclic products not included in 
any of the previous groups. Among these are chemicals such as 
solvents, photographic chemicals, insecticides, plasticizers, and 
surface-active agents. For the first time, in these reports, however, 
statistics on surface-active agents and on plasticizers are shown in 
separate groups (see tables 19A and 20A). In order to temporarily 
preserve comparability of the statistics, data for the totals of these 
two groups are also included among those of the miscellaneous chemical 
group in 1944. Production and sales of miscellaneous chemicals in 
1944 are shown in table 21 A (see also table 2 IB, part III, for an 
alphabetical list of these products in which the manufacturers are 
identified). 



Table 21A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
miscellaneous chemicals, 1944 

[Listed below are all miscellaneous chemicals for which any reported data on production or sales may be 
published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are confidential and may not be published or 
where no data were reported.) Table 21B in part III lists alphabetically all those chemicals for which 
data on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 





Production 


Sales 


Product 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Grand total. 


1,000 pounds 
9, 927, 464 


1,000 pounds 
5, 874, 728 


1,000 dollars 
957,347 


Per pound 
$0 16 






MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 
Total 


465, 756 


327,862 


84, 469 


26 






Chemicals for which separate statistics may not 
be shown 


183, 142 
282, 614 

160, 235 
74, 264 

48, 115 


61,818 
266, 044 

153, 120 
70, 880 

42, 044 


20, 713 
63, 756 

32, 257 
11,905 

19, 594 


34 


Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown 
below 


24 


Plasticizers, cyclic ' 


21 


Surface-active agents, cyclic'. 


17 


All other cyclic miscellaneous chemicals shown 
below, total 


47 






Benzoic acid salts: Sodium benzoate ... 


2,881 

18 

1 

12 

36 

1,301 

4,839 


2,762 

18 

1 

10 

32 

1,400 


864 
201 
■52 
55 
457 
1,013 


31 


Biological stains . 


11 06 


Chemical indicators . 


73 00 


Chemical reagents 


5 45 


Cyclopropane. 


14 25 


N.N'-Diethyldiphenylurea 


.72 


Flotation reagents 




Gallic acid, tech 


145 
16, 205 


158 
11,195 


1.09 


Insecticides, synthetic, total 


19, 107 


.69 






4,4'- Dichlorodiphenyl-l,l,l-trichloroethane 
(DDT) 


9,626 
9,481 
2,536 


9,039 
7,166 
4,422 


7,560 
3,635 
4,009 


84 


All other 


51 


Photographic chemicals, total. . 


.91 






Benzotriazole 




1 

3,682 

4 

735 


8 

2,425 

10 

1,566 


7 23 


H y droquinone (Hy droquinol) 


1,899 

4 

633 

19 

68 
17, 297 


66 


p-Hy droxyphenylglycine 


2.77 


Another 


2 17 


Plant hormones 




Pyrogallol (Pyrogallic acid) 


62 
16, 987 


127 


9 flR 


Tanning materials 


1,463 .09 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



53 



Table 21 A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
miscellaneous chemicals, 1944 — Continued 



Product 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, 

ACYCLIC 
Total.- 



1,000 pounds 
9, 461, 708 



Chemicals for which separate statistics may not 
be shown 

Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown 
below..- --- 



Plasticizers, acyclic ' - 

Surface-active agents, acyclic ' - 

All other acyclic miscellaneous chemicals shown 
below, total - - 



Acetaldehyde 

Acetic acid: Synthetic (100%) 

Acetic acid salts 

Acetic anhydride, from all soiuces. 

Acetin: Tri 

Acetone: 

By fermentation -.. 

From isopropyl alcohol 

Amines, total 



Hexamethylenetetramine . 
All other 



Amyl acetates, primary, total. 



Normal (90%) 

Another (90%).-.. 
Amyl alcohols, total. 



Crude (Fusel oU) (100%) 

All other 

Butadiene: Grade for rubber 3. 
Butyl acetates: Normal (90%). 
Butyl alcohols, total 



Primary: Normal (n-Propylcarbinol) (100%). 

All other 

Carbon disulfide 

Cellulose derivatives 

C hloral (Triehloroacetaldehyde) 

l-Diethylamino-4-aminopentane (Novoldia- 

mine). 

Diethyl malonate (Malonic ester) 

Ethyl acetate (85%) 

Ethylene (from ethyl alcohol and ether) 

Ethylene glycol 

Ethyl ethers, technical, absolute, and U. S. P 

Ethyl formate 

Ethyl monochloroacetate 

Ethyl oxalate (Diethyl oxalate) 

Fatty acid esters, not included with plasticizers 

Flotation reagents 

Formaldehyde (37% HCHO by weight) 

Formic acid salts, total. 



Sodium formate, tech. 
All other.. 



Gases (pwsonous, tear, etc.).- 
See footnotes at end of table. 



1 ,000 pounds 
5, 546, 866 



2, 599, 560 
6, 862, 148 

26, 510 
78, 372 

6, 757, 266 



292, 611 

11, 706 

495, 522 

7,530 

56, 386 

328, 428 

44, 340 



18, 309 
26, 031 
15, 088 



11, 734 
3,354 
18, 527 



2,193 
16, 334 

723, 814 
69, 987 

246, 444 



150, 320 

96, 124 

291, 807 

353, 258 

2,608 

223 

480 

108, 196 



202, 451 

76, 192 

449 

18 

592 

3,000 

20, 487 

522, 440 

2,520 



3,409 



1,000 dollars 
872, 878 



1, 847, 837 
3, 699, 029 

18, 621 
63, 826 

3, 616, 582 



20, 917 

108, 743 

11, 301 



7,129 
57, 278 
22, 946 



11, 539 



16, 282 



2,149 
14, 133 

725, 502 
67, 965 

161, 044 



284, 425 
223, 513 



90, 203 
202 



70, 415 
420 



2,304 

19, 206 

344, 902 

2,912 



1,466 
1,446 



3,478 



Per pound 
$0.16 



288, 727 
584, 151 

6,808 
18, 033 

559, 310 



2,028 

7,801 

981 



2,050 
4,103 
8,103 



1,857 



2,309 



272 

2,037 

273, 917 

10, 608 

23,564 



10, 124 
68, 233 



9,586 
154 



6,933 
108 



633 
3,604 
12, 889 

408 



320 
963 



.28 



54 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 21 A.— Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
miscellaneous chemicals, 1944 — Continued 



Product 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, 
ACYCLIC— Continued 

All other acyclic miscellaneous chemicals— Con. 
Halogenated hydrocarbons, total 



1,000 pounds 
1, 842, 082 



Chlorides, total 

Carbon tetrachloride 

Chlorinated paraffin -. 

Chloroform: 

Technical 

U. S. P 

Hexachloroethane 

Methyl chloride (Chloromethane), crude 

and refined 

Methylene chloride (Dichloromethane), 

crude and refined 

Tetrachloroethylene (Perchloroethylene) . . . 

All other 

Bromides, fluorides, iodides, and mixtures, 

total -. 

Ethyl bromide 

Methyl bromide 

All other 



Isopropyl alcohol (100%)... - 

Isopropy 1 ether 

Lactic acid: 

Edible (100%) 

Technical (100%) 

Lactic acid salts: Sodium lactate 

Maleic acid and anhydride 

Methanol (synthetic) 

Oxalic acid 

Oxahc acid salts: Ammonium oxalate. 
Pentaerythritol 



Stearic acid salts, total. .. 

Aluminum stearate, di. 
Aluminum stearate, tri. 

Calcium stearate 

Magnesium stearate 

Zinc stearate 

All other 



Thioglycolic acid and salts.. 
Thiourea 

Trimethylene chlorohydrin. 



/ ,000 pounds 
939, 044 



1,000 dcllars 
82, 274 



1, 688, 813 
209, 802 
43, 560 

7,762 

1,985 

76, 526 

24, 299 

8,329 

75, 128 

1,241,422 

153, 269 

377 

3,678 

149, 214 

480, 772 



788, 087 
201, 074 
41,911 

7,453 

1,918 

77, 833 

22, 000 

. 7, 9^8 



427, 900 
150, 957 



3,511 
147, 446 



4,161 

4,458 

324 

7,823 

472, 686 

18, 027 



12, 440 
13, 719 



5,995 

4,208 

4,215 

350 

6,988 

360, 741 

17, 754 

95 

10, 856 

13, 628 



3,453 
716 

2,354 
663 

4,384 

2,149 

104 

2,156 

1 



3,299 
726 

2,358 
658 

4,430 

2,157 

82 



P r pound 
$0.09 



54, 096 
8,302 
4,179 

1,180 

445 

6,987 



930 



28, 185 
28, 178 



1,907 
26, 271 



200 



589 
66 
1,768 
12, 853 
1,812 
23 
3,807 

3,512 



743 
170 
609 
204 
1,319 
467 

463 



.07 
.04 
.10 

16 

.2 

.09 

.18 

.12 

.07 

.19 



.03 

.23 
.14 
.19 
.25 
.04 
.10 
.24 
.35 



.23 
.23 
.26 
.31 
.30 
.22 

5.64 



1 See.table 20A. 
> See table 19A. 

» Data shown refer to butadiene produced from alcohol. Data for butadiene produced from petroleum 
are given in table 4A. 



Production of all these miscellaneous items reached 9.9 billion 
pounds in 1944, an increase of 12 percent over 1943, and almost 
double the production in 1941. Sales of miscellaneous organic 
chemicals were 5.9 billion pounds, valued at 957 million dollars, in 
1944 as against 4.9 billion pounds, valued at 660 million dollars, in 
1943. Sales accounted for about 60 percent of production, the re- 
maining output being consumed in the producmg plants in the 
manufacture of other products. 

Cyclic organic chemicals included constituted less than 5 percent 
of the total production of miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals 
in 1944. The outstanding cyclic chemical was the new insecticide 
DDT, which was credited with preventing the spread of typhus 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 55 

during the war. Production of DDT, publishable for tHe first time, 
totaled 9.6 million pounds in 1944; sales totaled 9.0 million pounds, 
valued at 7.6 million dollars. 

Acyclic chemicals represented about 95 percent of the total produc- 
tion of miscellaneous organic chemicals, in part owing to the inclusion 
of all acyclic intermediates with that group, whereas cyclic inter- 
mediates are shown in a separate group. Acyclic miscellaneous 
chemicals also include solvents and other finished products produced 
in large volume. Production of miscellaneous acyclic organic chem- 
icals totaled 9.5 billion pounds in 1944, a 10-percent increase over 1943 
and almost double the production in 1941. More than half of the 
output of these chemicals was produced for sale. Sales were 5.5 
billion pounds, valued at 873 million dollars in 1944, compared with 
4.6 billion pounds, valued at 598 million dollars, in 1943. The 
average unit sales value in 1944 was 16 cents a pound, an increase of 
3 cents over the average of 1943. 

Production statistics are shown separately for about two-thirds of 
the acyclic miscellaneous organic chemicals. In 1944 a new sub- 
group was set up for halogenated hydrocarbons (bromides, chlorides, 
fluorides, and iodides). Production of this subgroup of chemicals, 
which includes various solvents, acyclic intermediates, and refrig- 
erants, totaled 1.8 billion pounds; sales of 939 million pounds were 
valued at 82 million dollars. The most important chemicals in this 
group are carbon tetrachloride, ethyl chloride, sym.-tetrachloroethane 
(acetylene tetrachloride), and trichloroethylene. 

The most important miscellaneous acyclic organic chemical was 
butadiene derived from ethyl alcohol and used in production of 
synthetic rubber. In 1944, about 724 million pounds of butadiene 
was produced from alcohol and 726 million pounds, valued at 274 
million dollars, was sold. (Production of butadiene from petroleum, 
shown in table 4A, totaled 489 million pounds.) 

Other important chemicals in this subgroup are synthetic acetic 
acid (with a production of 293 million pounds), acetone (385 million 
pounds), formaldehyde (522 million pounds), and isopropyl alcohol 
(481 million pounds). Acetic acid is used to make acetic anhydride 
and cellulose acetate; acetone is used as a solvent in the manufacture 
of cellulose acetate rayon and smokeless powder; formaldehyde, 
chiefly in the manufacture of tar-acid resins; and isopropyl alcohol, 
chiefly as a solvent. 

Important chemicals for which production statistics are not 
publishable are synthetic ethyl alcohol ^ and tetraethyl lead. Before 
1944, statistics on production and sales of recovered acetic acid were 
included with the totals for the miscellaneous chemicals group. 
Beginning with 1944, however, these data are not included in the 
group totals since the recovery of used acetic acid does not represent 
true production. Most of this acetic acid is recovered as a byproduct 
in the manufacture of cellulose acetate. In 1944, production of 
recovered acetic acid amounted to about 1 billion pounds. The 
total recovered is larger than the amounts reported in former years 
because of errors in reporting in those years. Sales of the recovered 
acid were 53 million pounds, valued at 1.6 million dollars. 

' Statistics on the production of ethyl alcohol from natural sources by fermentation are not included in 
this report. They are, however, issued monthly and annually by the Alcohol Tax Unit, Bureau of Internal 
Revenue, IT. S. Treasury Department. 



PARI 



ALri;ABETICAL LIST OF INDIVIDUAL PRODUCTS, BY 



GROUPS, AND^MANUFACTURERS" 

Part III of this report consists of a series of tables (3B to 2 IB) 
which hst alphabetically all the synthetic organic chemicals reported 
as produced in 1944, and a Directory of Manufacturers (table 22). 
Each table lists the individual items which are included in the totals 
shown in the tables for the different groups in parts I and II. Products 
for which separate statistics are given in part I and part II are indi- 
cated by an asterisk (*). Tables in part III have the same number 
(followed by the letter B) as the corresponding tables in part I or part 
II which are followed by the letter A. 

The Directory of Manufacturers consists chiefly of companies which 
report production of synthetic organic chemicals to the United States 
Tariff Commission. The name of each manufacturer listed in the 
directory is preceded by an identifying number. Companies which 
manufacture the chemicals listed in the B series of tables in part III 
of this report are identified by these numbers except for a few com- 
panies which have specifically requested the Tariff Commission to 
withhold such information on certain items. The latter manufac- 
turers are indicated only by the letter X. 

TAR CRUDES 



Table 3B. — Organic chemicals: Tar crudes for which United States production or 
sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 

[Tar crudes for which separate statistics are given in table 3A are marked below with an asterisk^*) ; products 
not so marked do not appear in table 3A because the reported data are confidential and may not be pub- 
lished. Manufacturers are identified by numbers in the alphabetical list appearing in table 22. An X 
signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number with the 
designated product] 



Product 



Manufacturers' identification numbers (according to list in 
table 22) 



Tari. 

Light oil and distillates: 
•Crude light oil 

♦Benzene (except motor benzene) 

*Motor benzene 

♦Toluene: 

"All grades, except aviation grade 

♦Aviation grade 

♦Solvent naphtha 

♦Xylene 

♦Another. 

♦Naphthalene, crude (solidifying at 76° to 
less than 79°). 

Anthracene, crude (less than 30%)- 

Cresylic acid, crude (less than 75%) 

Cumene 

♦Pyridine, crude and refined 

♦Creosote oil... 



31, 38, 51, 55, 56, 58, 59, 61, 72, 83, 106, 107, 108, 109, 139, 151, 
238, 249, 259, 260, 264, 288, 289, 295, 303, 309, 310, 314, 323, 346, 
353, 361, 362, 368, 369, 375, 387, 392, 401, 403, 422, 425, 453, 481, 
491, 503, 504, 505, 510, X, X, X. 

31, 55, 61, 68, 83, 108, 109, 115, 139, 207, 232, 309, 353, 369, 386, 391, 

425 X X. 
43, 69^96,' 308, 458. 
43, 361, 403, 458. 

43, 96, 298, 335, 361, 403, 415, 433, 434, 458, 466, 515, X, X, X. 

HI, 265, 335, 354, 370, 434, 458, 466, 515. 

43, 241, 321, 345, 361, 381, 403. 

43,361. 

43, 69, 96, 254, 321, 346, 403, 458. 

43, 115, 217, 241, 293, 308, 345, 361, 377, 391, 403, 457. 

241, 377. 
43,377,381. 
43. 

43, 277. 

15, 43, 68, 114, 115, 133, 207, 217, 223, 232, 241, 249, 254, 293, 361, 
377, 381, 391, 453, X. 

57 



58 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 3B. — Organic chemicals: Tar crudes for which UniUd States production or 
sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944- — Continued 



Product 



Manufacturers' identification numbers (according to list in 
table 22) 



•Crude tar acids 

*Coal tar sold or consumed in coal-tar so 
lution. 

*Tars, crude 

*Tars, refined 

*Tars, road 

* Other distillates 

'Pitch of tar 

♦Pitch of tar coke - 



15, 43, 114, 133, 207, 217, 223, 232, 241, 254, 293, 377, 391, 425, 452. 
43, 223, 232, 241, 377, 293, 452. 

15,43,115,151,241,254,369. 

43, 115, 207, 241, 254, 361, 369, 377, 381, 391, 452. 

15, 31, 43, 133, 159, 207, 217, 223, 241, 254, 293, 361, 369, 377, 381 , 

391 425 452 
43, 68', 108', 207', 241, 254, 377, 381. 
15, 43, 68, 114, 115, 133, 207, 217, 223, 232, 241, 254, 361, 369, 377, 

381,391, X. 
15, 43, 133, 223, 241, 293, 377, 381, 452. 



■ Only those manufacturers are identified by number who report production of oil-gas and water-gas tar 
to the U. S. Tariff Commission. For P'-oduction and consumption, see tabulation, p. 7. 

CRUDE PRODUCTS FROM PETROLEUM ANb " 'ATURAL GAS 

Table 4B.- — Organic chemicals: Crude products from petroi j,nd natural gas 

for chemical conversion for which United Sta tes production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1944- 

[Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which separate statistics are 
given in table 4A are marked below with an asterisk (*); products not so marked do not appear in table 
4A because the reportea data are confidential and may not be published. Manufacture. "^ are identified 
by numbers in the alphabetical list appearing in table 22. An X signifies that the manulacturer did not 
consent to the publication of his identification number with the designated product] 



Product 



Manufacturers' identification numbers (according to list 
in table 22) 



Crude products from petroleum: 

Cresylic acid, crude 

*Naph thenie acid 

Benzene, all grades 

•Xvlene, all grades 

Another 

Hydrocarbons: 
Cj hydrocarbons: 

Ethane 

•Ethylene 

*C3 hydrocarbons: 

Propane 

Propylene 

Ci and Cs hydrocarbon mixture.. - 
C4 hydrocarbons: 

n-Butane 

Butanes, mixed 

*1,3-Butadiene, grade for rubber. 

1, 3-Butadiene, other grades 

•1-Butene and 2-butene, mixture 

Isobutane 

Isobutylene 

Di-isobutylene 

Isoheptene 

Iso pen tane - 

Isoprene 

Isoprene-piperylene 

Methane 

Methyl-acetone-aeetal 

n-Pentane 

Piperylene 

Polybutene 

Tri-isobutylene 

Another 



265, 411, 412, 433, 434. 

385, 412, 433, 437, 447, 458, 466, X. 

354 

111^ 208, 335, 433, 434, 436. 

527. 



74, 329. 

74, 124, 298, 436. 

74, 329, 354, 447. 
74, 124, 329, 435, 436. 
434. 

74, 329, 354, 411, 447, 530. 

435 

74, 92, 124, 208, 307, 354, 410, 437, 525, 526, 528, 529. 

256, 329, 527, 528, 530, X. 

208, 436, 458, 530. 

74, 329, 447. 

208, 435, 436, 530. 

435. 

354. 

447. 

X. 

X. 

74, 329. 

92. 

354. 

X. 

433, 435. 

435. 

435. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



59 



INTERMEDIATES 

Table 6B. — Synthetic organic che'micals: Cyclic intermediates for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 

[Cyclic intermediates for which separate statistics are given in table 6A are marked below with an asterisk 
(*); cyclic intermediates not so marked do not appear in table 6A because the reported data are con- 
fidential and may not be published. Manufacturers are identified by numbers in the alphabetical list 
appearing in table 22. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his 
identification number with the designated product] 



Chemical 



Acenaphthylene ( Aeenaphthene) 

5-Acetamido-2-aminobenzenesulfonic acid 

*5-Acetamido-8-amino-2- and 3-naphthalene sulfonic acid (Acetyl- 
amino Cleve's acid). 

2-Acetamido-4-aminophenol hydrochloride 

2-Acetamido-3-chloroanthraquiiione 

2-Acetamido-3-chloro-9,10-dihydro-9,10-anthradiol-9,10-disuIfonicacid, 
diethyl ester. 

5-Acetamido-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

5- Acetamido-8-nitro-2-naphthaleDer''i f .uie acid 

2-Acetamido-4-nitrophenol ^^. (^•-^ 

5-Acetamidosalicylic f">i'^ ' :- 

*Acetanilide, tech.. ^ 

o-Acetaniside (Acetj. S'\'^:-Maine) 

p- Acetaniside (Acetyl-p-a>iisidine) - 

Acetate leueo vio'"t (1,4-Dihydroanthraquinone) 

Acetoacetanilide 

Acetoaceto-1-naphc-^ylamide 

o-Acetoacetotoluide -' 

o-AcetotoluidO-- 

*p-Acetotoluide.;2 

*N-Acetylsulfaiiilyl chloride (p-Acetamidobenzenesulfonyl chloride) - 
Acridine yellow 

*p-Aminoacetanilide 

4-Amino-o-acetaniside 

3-Amino-p-acetotoluide 

5- Amino-2- (4-amino-m-toluiiio) benzenesulfonic acid 

*5-Amino-2-anilinobenzenesulfonic acid 

*l-Aminoanthraquinone and salt. 

*2-Aminoanthraquinone and salt 

1- Aminoanthraquinone-2-sulfonic acid 

*6-Amino-3,4'-azobis(benzenesulfonicacid)- 

8-Amino-l,2-benzacridui-7(12)-one 

p-Aminobenzaldehyde 

l-Amino-5-benzamidoanthraquinoiie 

*6-(m-Amuiobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (m-Aminoben- 
zoyl J acid). 

*6-(p-Aminobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonie acid (p-Aminobenzoyl 

J acid). 
4-Amino-m-benzenedisulfonic acid 

*2-Amino-p-benzenedisulfonic acid (Anilino-2,5-disulfonic acid) 

o-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid _ 

p-Aminobenzoic acid 

p-Aminobenzoic acid, ethyl ester (Ethyl p-aminobenzoate) 

o-Aminobenzylsulfonic acid (o-Toluidine omega sulfonic acid) 

l-Amiiio-4-bromo-2-anthraquinonesulfonic acid (Bromamine acid)__ 

l-Amino-2-bromo-4-(p-toluino) anthraqutnone 

p-Amino-N-(n-butyl)phenoL 

Amtnobutyramidodiethylhydroquiaone 

2-Amino-3-chloroanthraquinone 

l-Amino-5-chloroanthraquinone and l-amino-8-chloroanthraquinone. 

l-Amino-5-chloroanthraquinone 

2-Amuio-5-chlorobenzenesulfonic acid 

•'^- Amino-2-chlorobenzenesulfonic acid 

nino-6-chlorobenzoic acid 

. ^Amino-4-chlorobenzoyl) benzoic acid 

Atiinochloronitrophenol 

2-A ilno-4-chlorophenol - 

Aminochlorophenolsulfonie acid 

6-Amino-4-chloro-m-toluenesulfonic acid 

•2-Amino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid (Lake red C amine) 

2-Amino-p-cresol (m-Amino-p-cresol) 

2-Amino-l,3-dibromoanthraquiiione 

l-Amino-2,4-dibromoanthraquuione 

4-Amino-2,5-dichloro-m-benzenesulfonic acid 

4- Amino-5-ethoxy-o-butyrophenetide 

5-Amino-6-ethoxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

p- Amino-N-ethyl-N-l-naphthylbenzamide 

697646—46 5 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



241, 377. 

171. 

127, 171, 304. 

X. 

171. 
171. 



171, 

171, 

X. 

1. 

91, 

11. 

202 

28, 

74. 

;,351 

,74, 
,'304 
69, 
f69, 
'127 
91, 
171, 
202, 
171, 
91, 
11, 
69, 
171 
11, 
127, 
171 
171 
11, 



124, 127, 171, 282, 298, 413. 
171, 193. 



193. 

,467. 

202, 413. 

79, 91, 286, 298, 413, 501. 

,304, 

127, 171, 304. 



127, 171, 304. 

28, 69, 127, 171, 281, 304. 

127, 171, 304. 



85, 171, 304. 



127, 171, 304, 351. 



11, 85, 127, 171, 304, 351, X. 

304. 

91, 127, 351. 

171. 

127, 134, 405. 

501. 

304. 

127, 171. 

127. 

127. 

351. 

171. 

304. 

304. 

11, 127, 304. 

91. 

91, 127, 171, 351. 

171. 

91, 171. 

91, 171. 

91. 

127. 

53, 69, 204, 413, 439. 

91. 

127. 

127, 171, 304; 

127. 

351. 

171. 

171. 



60 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 6B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Con. 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



3-Aminoformanilide 

3-Amino-2-hydroxyanthraquinone ._. 

3-Amino-4-hydroxybenzenearsonic acid _ 

3-Amino-6-hydroxy-2-methylphenazine (Tolazine base) 

8-Amino-6-methoxyquinoliue ( Amichin) 

4'-Amino-5'-methyl-p-toluenesulfon-o-aniside 

1-Aminonaphthalenedisulfonic acid 

2-Amino-l,5-naplithalenedisulfonic acid _. 

*3-Amino-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

3-Amino-2,7-naplithalenedisulfonic acid 

4-Amino-l ,5-naphthaIeued isulfonic acid 

4-Amino-l,6-naphthialenedisulfonic acid 

*6-Amino-l ,3-naph tlialenedisulfonic acid 

*7-Amino-l,3-naphithalenedisulfonic acid (Amino G acid) 

*8-Amino-l,6-naplithalenedisulfonic acid and salt 

l-Amino-2-napiathalenesulfonic acid (o-Napbthionic acid) 

•2-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Tobias acid).__ 

*5-Amino-l-naphthalenesu]fonic acid (Laurent's acid). 

*5-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

•5- and 8-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acids (Cleve's acid) 

*6-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Broenner's acid).. 

7-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

*8-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

*8-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

7-Amino-l .3,6-naphthaleni'trisulfonic acid 

8-Amino-l,3,5-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid 

*8-Amino-l,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid 

8-Amino-l-naphthol-5,7-disulfonie acid, monosodium salt (Chicago 

acid). 
7-Amino-l -naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid, monosodium salt (2R acid).. 
*8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid, monosodium salt (H acid)... 

5-Amino-l-naphthol 

*l-Amino-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid __,. 

*6-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid, sodium salt (J acid) 

•7-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid, sodium salt (Gamma acid) 

8-Amino-l -naphthoic acid 

8-Amino-2-naphthol [_ 

8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,5-disulfonic acid' .'. ". 

•8-Amino-l-naphthol-5-sulfonic acid, sodium salt (Sacid) 

*2-Amino-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

Aminonitrodiphenylsulfide l.l.l[[[[[[[]l\l[ 

*4'-Amino-4-nitrodiphenylamine-2-suifonic acid 

•2-Amiiio-4-nitrophenol 

2-Amino-S-nitrophenol l.l""[[[l 

4-Amino-2-nitrophenol l"["l[V. 

2-Amino-4-nitro-l-phenol-6-sulfonic acid' ""' 

•o-Aminophenol ".I.I. 

•p-Aminophenol and salts. 1. 1 1 II "III 

p-Aminophenol oxalate I 

•2-Amino-l-phenol-4-sulfonicacid IIIIIIIIII. 

*m-(p-Aminophenylazo)benzenesulfonic acid I. II 

*p-(p-Aminophenylazo)benzenesulfonic acid 

5(and 8)-Ammo-8(and 5)-phenylazo-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

6-Amino-5-phenylazo-l-naphthol-3-sulfonicacid 

4-Amino-3-phenyl-m-cresol hydrochloride 

2-(m-Aminophenyl)-6-hydroxy-3-naphth[l,2]imidazoie-8-sulfonic 
acid. 

2-(p-Aminophenyl)-6-methylbenzothiazoIe 

l-(m-Aminopbenyl)-5-oxo-3-pyrazoline-4-carboxylic acid (m-Amino- 
phenylpyrazolonecarboxylic acid) . 

Aminopyrazolone (4-Aminoantipyrine) 

2-Aminopyridine IIIIIIIIIIIII 

2-Aminopyrimidine IIIII "I 

5-Aminosalicylic acid III ' 

2-(4-Amino-3-sulfophonyl)-6-methylbenzothiazo"le 

2-(4-Amino-3-sulfophenyl)-6-methylbenzothiazolesulfonic acid.. . I" 
•2-Aminothiazole_ _ _ 

l-Amino-4-toluenesulf onamidoanthraquinone-2-sulfonic acid I . 

•4-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid 

4-Amino-o-toluenesulfonic acid IIIIIIIIIIIII 

5-Amino-o-toluenesulfonic acid I.IIIII 

4-(4-Amino-m-toIylazo)-m-toluenesulfonic acid and salt (o-Aminoazo- 
toluenesulfonie acid and salt). 

16-Aminoviolanthrene 

2-Amino-3,5-xylenesulfonic acid I I 

Amylnaphthalenes __ ""l"[ 

o-AmylphenoL IIIIIII""! I 

p-tert-Amylphenol .".'"".'."."."" 

* Aniline (Anihne oil) 



171. 
171. 

I, 501. 
91, 304. 
501. 
171. 
127. 
413. 

91, 127, 171, 304. 

85, 91. 

127, 304. 

304. 

91, 127, 171, 304. 

85, 91, 127, 171, 304, 413. 

91, 127, 304. 

X. 

18, 69, 91, 202, 413, 439. 

69, 85, 91, 127, 171, 304. 

91, 127, 171, 304. 

69, 91, 127, 171, 304. 

18, 91. 304, 413. 

413. 

85, 127, 171, 304. 

91, 127, 171, 304. 

304. 

171. 

127, 171, 304. 

91, 127, 304. 

127, 304. 

127, 171, 298, 304. 

304. 

91,127,134,171,304. 

II, 85, 91, 127, 171, 304. 
11, 91, 127, 171, 304. 
171. 

127, 171. 

171. 

91,127,171,304. 

91, 127, 304. 

304. 

11, 91, 304. 

69, 85, 127, 171, 304, X. 

171. 

91. 

91, 171. 

48, 134, 274, 479. 

69, 127, 134, 479, 509. 

134. 

53, 91, 304, X. 

11, 91, 127, 304. 

53, 69, 85, 171, 351. 

171. 

171. 

134. 

171. 

127, 304. 
127, 304, 351. 

501. 

372, 377. 

286, X. 

11,91,304. 

171. 

127,171. 

69, 91, 274, 298, X. 

171. 

69,91,127,351,413. 

91, 171. 

127. 

304. 

171. 

171,485. 
407. 
407. 
407. 
69, 124, 127, 282, : 



i, 304, 306, X. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



61 



Table 6B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944- — Con. 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



Aniline hydrochloride 

Aniline hydrochloride and sulfate 

Aniline methane sulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Aniline omega sulfonic acid 

Aniline sulfate 

2-Anilinoethanol (Phenylethanolamine) -.. 

6-Anilino-2-methoxymetani]ic acid 

*6-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (Phenyl J acid) 

•7-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (Phenyl gamma acid) 

2- Anilino-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

Anisic acid 

o-Anisidine 

p-Anisidine 

o-Anisidinomethanesulfonic acid (o-Anisidine omega methanesul- 

fonic acid) . 

o-Anisidine nitrate 

Anisoin 

*N-(p-Anisyl)-4-chloroanthranilic acid, potassium salt (3-Chloro-4'- 

methoxy-6-diphenylamine-carboxylic acid, potassium salt). 

a-(p-Anisyl)-p-methoxyacetophenone 

Anthracene, refined 

Anthra[l ,9]isothiazole-2-carbonyl chloride 

Anthranilic acid 

Anthra[l,9]pyrazol-6(2)-one (Pyrazolanthrone) 

Anthraquinone 

Anthraquinone-l,5-disulfonic acid 

Anthraquinone-l,8-disulfonic acid... 

Anthraquinone-1 ,8-disulfonic acid, potassium salt 

Anthraquinone-1,5- and 1,8-disulfonic acid 

*Anthraquinone-2,6-disuIfonie acid and salt 

a-Anthraquinonehydrazinedisulfonate 

*l-Anthraquinonesulfonic acid and salt 

2-Anthraquinonesulfonic acid, sodium salt (Silver salt) 

3-(l-Anthraquinonylamino)-7-benz(de)anthracen-7-one (Benzamide) 

♦Anthrarufin (1,5-Dihydroxyanthraquinone) 

Arsanilic acid 

Arsanilic acid, sodium salt 

Arsphenamine 

Azobenzene 

p,p'-Azobis (N,N-dimethylaniline hydrochloride) 

4,4'-Azobisdiphenylamine (4'-Diazodiphenylamine) 

l,l'-Azobis(l-amino-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid) 

l,l'-Azobis(8-nitro-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid) 

5,5'-Azobis (salicylic acid) 

Azoxydianiline (Azoxybisaniline) 

Benzal chloride 

♦Benzaldehyde, tech 

Benzaldehydedisulfonic acid 

Benzaldehydemonosulfonic acid 

Benzaldehyde semicarbazone 

'l-(4 - Benzamido-1- anthraquinonylimino) -5-benzamidoanthra- 

quinone. 

l-Benzamido-4-chloroanthraquinone 

•l-Benzamido-5-chloroanthraquinone 

2-(4-Benzamido-2,5-diethoxy-N-methylphenyldiazoamino)ethane- 

sulfonicacid. 
2-(4-Benzamido-2,5-dimethoxy-N-methylphenyldiazoamino)ethane- 

sulfonic acid. 

4-Benzamido-6-methoxy-N-methyl-m-tolyldiazoaminoacetic acid 

6-Benzamid o-4-methoxy-3-(p-toluenesulfonamido) toluene 

8-Benzamido-l-naphthol-3,5-disulfonic acid 

*6-Benzamido-l-naphthol-3-sulfonicacid (Benzoyl J acid) 

•7-Benz[de]anthracen-7-one (Benzanihronc) 

Benzanthronedianthraquinonyldi-imide 

Benzenedisulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Benzenesulfonamide 

*Benzenesulfonic acid and salt 

Benzenesulfonyl chloride 

Benzidine, base 

•Benzidine hydrochloride and sulfate 

Benzil 

2-Benzofur_yl cyanomethyl ketone 

Benzoic acid, tech 

Benzoic anhydride... 

Benzoin 

Benzonaphthol 

a-Benzoylacetanilide 

o-Benzoylbenzoie acid 

Benzoyl chloride - .-. 



171, 351. 

69, 85, 127, 304. 

286. 

74. 

91. 

11, 85, 91, 127, 171, 304, 351, X. 

11, 85, 127, 351. 

53. 

165. 

127, 298. 

127, 298, 304. 

85, 127, 304, 351. 

171. 
137. 
304, 351, 501. 

255. 

241, 377. 

127. 

124, 127. 

127, 171. 

69, 171. 

69, 127, 171, 304. 

171. 

127, 171. 

304. 

69, "127,171,304. 

171. 

11, 69, 91, 127, 171, 281, 304. 

11, 127, 304. 

171. 

85, 91, 127, 171, 304. 

1, 243, 286. 

88. 

1,501. 

134, 304. 

149. 

149. 

85, 91, 304. 

127, 304. 

127, 304. 

351. 

201,205. 

48,165,201,457, X. 

171. 

171. 

137. 

69, 127, 171, 304. 

171. 

69,127,171,304. 

171. 

171. 



85, 91. 

69, 127, 171, 304, 341. 



286. 
X. 

48, 
157 
134 
50, 
X. 
69, 
205 



, 511. 

134, 171, 298. 

, 298, 511. 

,304. 

79, 91, 127, 134, 157, 171, 304^ 



201, 286, 298, 475. 

,205. 

, 149, 157, 286. 

X. 

127, 171, 304. 
,457. 



62 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 6B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Con. 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



Benzyl alcohol, tech.. 

Benzyl disulfide. - 

Benzyl ether 

N-Bcnzyl-N-ethylaniline 

N-Benzyl-N-ethyl-p-nitrosoaniline 

o-Benzylhydroxybenzoate, calcium salt 

Benzylidineaminopyrazolone (Benzylidine-4-amino antipyrinc) 

p,p'-Benzylidinebis(N,N-dimethylaniline) (Tetramethyldiamino- 
triphenylmethane) . 

Benzyl morcaptan 

p,p'-Biacetoacetanilide 

(3,3'-Bi-7-benz(de]anthracen)-7,7'-dione (13,13-Dibenzanthronyl) 

(4,4'-Bi-7-benz[de]anthracen)-7,7'-dione (2,2-Dlbenzanthronyl) 

Bibenzyl 

Binaphthalenedicarboxylic acid 

Biphenyl 

o-Biphenylamine 

p-Biphenylamine 

5,8-BisCp-aminobenzamido)-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

p,p'-Bis(diethylamino)benzophenone (Ethyl ketone base) 

2,7-Bis (dimothy lamino) acridinehydrochloride 

p,p'-Bis(dimethylamino) benzohydrol (Michler's hydro!) 

•p,p'-Bis(dimethylamino) benzophenone (Michler's ketone) 

Bis(p-dimethylaminophenyl)methanesulfonic acid and salt 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)-m-toluidine 

l,4-Bis(methylamino)anthraquinone 

*N,N'-Bis-6-(l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid)urea (J acid urea) 

5,8-Bis(p-nitrobenzamido) -2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

Bis(o-nitrophenyl)disulfide 

Black base V 

•3-Bromo-7-benz[de]anthracen-7-one 

Bromobenzene 

Bromobenzyl chloride 

2-Bromodibenzofuran . 

p-Bromomethylaminoanthraquinone 

6-Bromo-3-methyl-7-dibenz[f,i,Jlisoquinoline-2,7(3)-dione (4-Bromo- 
N -meth yl-1 ,9-anthrapyridone) . 

1-Bromonaphthalene 

p-Bromophenol 

3-tert-Butyl-p-cymene 

6-tert-Butyl-2,4-dimethylacetophenone 

2-tert-Butyl-5-methylanisole 

5-tert-Butyl-m -xylene (l,3-Dimethyl-5-tert-butylbenzene) 

Butylnaphthylamine 

Carbazole, refined 

Carbazoletetrasulfonic acid 

3-Carboxy-2- and 4-hydroxybenzenediazonium sulfate 

o-(Carboxymethylmercapto) benzoic acid 

3-Carboxy-l-(3'-nitrophenyI)-5-pyTazolone 

Chloranil (Tetrachloroquinone) 

o-Chloroacetoacetanilide (o-Acetoacetochloroanilide) 

p-Chloroacetoacetanilide (p-Acetoacetochloroanilide) 

Chloroacetylcatechol. 

m-Chloroaniline 

o-Chloroan;Iine 

p-Chloroaniline.- 

*4-Chloro-o-anisidine 

l-(4-Chloro-o-anisyl) -3-methyl-3-triazeneacetic acid 

3-ChIoro-2-anthracenecarboxylic acid __ 

•1-Chloroanthraquinone 

*2-Chloroanthraquuionc-. 

l-Chloro-2-anthraquinonecarboxyIicacid 

3-Chloro-2-anthraquinonecarboxylicacid 

*o-Chlorobenzaldehyde 

p-Chlorobenzaldehyde 

Chlorobenzanthrone 

*Chlorobenzene, mono 

p-Chlorobenzenesu Ifonic acid 

o-Chlorobenzoic acid.. 

*Chlorobenzoylbenzoic acid. 

5-Chloro-2(3)-benzoxazolone. 

6-Chloro-m-cresol _. 

5-Chloro-2,4-dimethoxyaniline 

5-Chloro-l,4-dimethoxy-2-nitrobenzene 

*l-Chloro-2,4-dinitro benzene ^ 

4-Chloro-3-hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid 

6-Chloro-2-hydroxyacetanilide 

5-Chloro-2-hydroxy-3-nitroacetanilide.. 

Chlorohydroxyquinoline... 



48, 205, 414. 

157. 

414, X. 

127, 304. 

171. 

1. 

501. 

274. 

205. 

351. 

127, 171. 

127. 

475, X. 

171. 

124, 298. 

298. 

298. 

171. 

127, 130, 202. 

351. 

127,171. 

127, 130, 171, 202, 274. 

304. 

171. 

171. 

11, 69, 85, 91, 127, 171, 304. 

171. 

171. 

91. 

11, 127,171. 

124. 

157. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

134. 
124. 
X. 

X. 
X. 

X. 

298. 

127, 377. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

304. 

124, 306. 

193, 467. 

467. 

243, 501. 

127. 298. 

298. 

298. 

127^ 205, 479. 

171. 

171. 

69,127,171,281,304. 

69, 171, 304. 

127, 304. 

171. 

127, 201, 304. 

171. 

304. 

124, 127, 128, 140, 205, 298, 419. 

171. 

127, 201. 

69.127,171,304. 

171. 

43. 

171. 

171. 

11,69,127,171,274,298,304. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

91. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



63 



Table 6B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Con. 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) J 



4-Chlorometanilic acid 

5-Chlorometanilic acid 

•Chloromethylanthraquinone 

o-Chloro-l-methylnaphthalene 

Chloronaphthalenes 

8-Chloro-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonie acid (Cnloro H acid)_._ 

*2-Chloro-4-nitroaniline 

*4-Chloro-2-nitroaniline 

l-Chloro-5-nitroantliraquinone 

l-Chloro-8-nitroanthraquinone 

l-Chloro-5- and 8-nitroanthraquinone 

Chloionitrobenzene, mixed (o and p) 

Chloro-m-nitrobenzene 

Chloro-o-nitrobenzene 

Chloro-p-nitrobenzene 

4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

*2-ChIoro-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

2-Chloro-4-nitrobenzoic acid 

*2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzoic acid 

o-(4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzoyl) benzoic acid 

4-Chloro-2-nitrophenol 

4-Chloro-2-nitro toluene 

6-Chloro-2-nitro toluene 

*o-Chloroplienol 

p-Chlorophenol 

4-Chloro-o-phenylenediamine 

o-Chlorophenylhydrazine 

l-(o-Chloro phenyl) -3-methyl-5-pyrazolone 

2-Chloro-6-phenylphenol 

2-Chloro-6-phenylphenol, sodium salt 

2-[l-(m-Chlorophenyl)triazenol-4-sulfobenzoic acid 

p-Chloropropionanilide 

2-Chloroquinizarin : 

2-Chloro-5-sulfobenzoic acid 

l-(6-Chloro-3-sulfo phenyl) -3-methyl-5-pyrazolone 

2-Chloroterephthaloylbis-o-benzoic acid 

•a-Chlorotoluene (Benzyl chloride) 

m-Chlorotoluene 

o-Chloro toluene 

p-Chloro toluene 

3-Chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid, sodium salt _ 

3-Chloro-o-toluidine 

3-Chloro-p-toluidine (4-Amino-2-chloro toluene) _ _ _ - . 

4-Chloro-o-toluidLne (Red KB base)..- 

4-Chloro-o-toluidine hydrochloride 

5-Chloro-o-toluidine (2-Amino-4-chlorotoluene) 

Chlorotolylbenzoic acid 

* (4-Chloro-o-tolylmercapto)acetic acid 

l-(5-Chloro-o-tolyl)-3-methyl-3-triazenoacetic acid 

2-Chloro-p-xylene 

Chloro-3,5-xylenol 

(4- C hlo ro-2, 5-xylylmercapto)acetic acid 

Chrysazin (1,8-Dihydroxyanthraquinone) 

*Cresol (meta, para) 

"Cresol (ortho, meta, para) 

m-Cresol 

*o-Cresol 

p-Cresol 

Cresols, chlorinated 

2,3-Cresotic acid 

*Cresylic acid, refined 

m-Cresyl valerate -- 

8-C yano-1-naph thalenesulfonic acid 

Cyclohexylacetic acid 

Cyclohexylamine 

2-Cyclohexyl-4,6-dinitrophenol 

4,4'-Cyclohexylidene-o-toluidine-. _ 

Cymene 

Decylbenzene 

1,5- and 1,8-Diacetamidoanthraquinone 

1,4-Diaminoanthraquinone 

1,5-Diaminoanthraquinone 

*2,6-Diaminoanthraquinone-- 

Diaminoanthraquinone (1,5- and 1,8-) 

*4,4'-Diamino-3,3'-biphenyldisulfonic acid 

*2,2'-Diamino-5,5'-bi-m-toluenesulfonic acid 

m,m'-Diaminocarbanilide (l,3-(Di-m-aminophenyl)urea) 

*4,4'-Diamino-l,l'-dianthraquinonylamine --- 

4,4'-Diaminodiphenyl sulfone - 



304. 

127. 

69, 127, 171, 304. 

494. 

39, 188. 205. 

171, 304. 

11. 18, 69, 124, 127. 

124, 127, 479. 

127, 304. 

127. 

304. 

127. 

298. 

127, 298. 

11,127,298. 

85, 91, 304. 

11,85,91,127,171,304. 

171. 

91, 304, 351. 

171. 

91, 171. 

127, 171, 304. 

127. 

124, 298, X. 

124, 298. 

149. 

171. 

568. 

124. 

124. 

171. 

171. 

304. 

171, 351. 

127, 171. 

171. 

48, 201, 205, 298. 

171. 

127, 304. 

201. 205. 

127, 298, 413. 

127, 171. 

127. 

127, 304. 

127. 

127, 171, 281, 304. 

171. 

127, 171, 304. 

171. 

171. 

43. 

171. 

127, 171. 

43, 69, 241, 377, 381. 

43, 69, 377. 

43, 377. 

43, 69, 241, 377, 381. 

43, 201, 377, 413. 

43. 

124. 

43, 241, 377, 433. 

501. 

171. 

205. 

298. 

124. 

171. 

X. 

298. 

11. 

127, 171. 

127, 171, 304. 

69, 171, 304. 

11. 

11,69,85,351. 

11,85,91,351. 

85. 

69, 127, 171, 281, 304. 

304. 



64 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 6B. — Synthetic or garlic^ chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Con. 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
l.bers (according to list in table 22) 



*4,4'-D iaminodiphenylamine-2-sulfonic acid. _ 

5,8-Diamino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

7,8-Diamino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid... 

l,4-Diamino-5-nitroanthraquinone 

Diaminophenetole 

*N,N '-Di(m-aminophenyl)oxamide (Oxalyl-m-phenylenediamine)... . 
N,N'-Di(p-aminophenyl)oxamide (Oxalyl-p-phenylenediamine) 

*4,4'-Diamino-2,2'-stilbenedisulfonic acid 

3,5-Diamino-p-toluenesulfonic acid 

Diamylphenol 

l,5-Dianilinoanthraquinone-o-o'-dicarboxylic acid 

3,4-Di(p-anisyl)hexane 

l,2-Di(p-anisyl)l,2-hexanediol 

3,4-Dianisyl-3-hexanol 

*l,l'-Dianthraquinonylamine 

1,5-Dibenzamidoanthraquinone 

Dibenzofurenol 

1,6-DibenzoylnaphthaIene 

Dibenzylidenehydrazine 

Dibenzylsulfanilic acid, sodium salt 

3,9-Dibromo-7-benz[de]anthracen-7-one 

p-Dibromobenzene 

2,6-Dibromo-l,5-dihydroxynaphthaiene 

*2',7'-Dibromofluorescein 

7,16-Dibromoindanthrene (1,2,1,2-Hydrazinedibromoaathraquinone) 
Dibromo-8,16-pyranthrenedione 

*2,5-r)ichloroaniline 

1,5-Dichloroanthraquinone 

1,8-Dichloroanthraquinone 

1,5- and 1,8-Dichloroanthraquinone 

2,6-DichIorobenzaldehyde 

'o-Dichlorobenzene ". 

*p-Dichlorobenzene ....'. 

3,4-Dichlorobenzenesulfonic acid 

•3,3'-Diehlorobenzidine and sulfate 

•2,4-Dichlorobenzoic acid 

2,6-Dichlorobenzylidine chloride ll.""'l"llll[l[[ 

l,S-Diehloro-4,5-dinitroanthraquinone 

Dichlorohydrazine. 

Dichlorohj droxybenzoylbenzoic acid 

*6.9-Dichloro-2-methoxyacridine 

2,6-Dichloro-4-nitroaniline 

*l,4-Dichloro-2-nitrobenzene 

2,4-Diehloropheuol _ __. 

2-[l-(2,5-Dichlorophenyl)-3-ethyl-3-triazene]-5-sulfobenzoicacid 

l-f2,5-Dichlorophenyl)-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone 

l-(2,5-Dicho]orophenyl)-5-pyrazolonc-3-carboxyIic acid (Diehloro- 

phenylpyrazolonecarboxylic acid) . 
2,5-Dichlorosulfanilicacid(ArainodichIorobenzenesulfonicacid) 

'l-(2,5-Dichloro-4-sulfophenyl)-3-methyl-S-pyrazolone 

*9 J-T^inlil/^rrvf nliifiTirt 



*2,4-Dichlorotoluene 

Dicresyl disulfide 

Dicyclohexylamine I..""^_"]I"III" 

Dicyclopentadiene ".. 

2,5-Diethoxyaniline I.. _!..".].'." 

2,5'-Diethoxybenzanilide 

1,4-Diethoiy benzene " 

l,4-Diethoxy-2-nitrobenzene '..'.'.'..'.." 

N-(2,5-Diethoxy-4-nitrophenyl)benzamide .. .' 

Diethylaminobenzaldehyde 

N-Diethylaminoisopentyl-8-amino-6-methoxyquinoline'base'(Pias- 
mochin base). 

m-Diethylaminophenol 

Diethylamino rosindone 

*N,N-Diethylaniline "'"I. "I 

JS1,N-Diethylmetanihc acid and salt 

N,N-Diethyl-p-nitrosoaniline 

N,N-Diethyl-4-nitroso-m-toluidine 

N,N-Diethyl-p-phenylenediamine 

N,N-Diethyl-p-phenylenediamine hydrochloride (p-Aminodiethyl- 

aniline hydrochloride). 
2 - (1 - (5 - Diethylsulfamyl - o - anisyl) - 3 - ethyl - 3 - triazene) - 5 - sul- 
fobenzoic acid. 

Diethyl-m-toluidine 

N8,N«-Diethyl-2,5-toluenediamine hydrochloride 

N,N'-Diformyl-2,5-toluenediamine 

Dihydroxydibenzanthrone 

4,5-Dihydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonie acid (Chromotropic acid).. 

•4,5-Dihydroxy-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Dioxy S acid) 



11. 85, 91, 171, 304, 512. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

69. 

85, 127, 304, 351, 

127. 

127,171,304. 

304. 

407. 

127. 

287. 

243. 

243. 

127, 171, 281, 304. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

137. 

171,351. 

171. 

124. 

X. 

18, 202, 290. 

127. 

127. 

127, 205, 298, 304, 479. 

127, 171, 304. 

69, 127, 171. 

304. 

304. 

124, 127, 128, 140, 205, 298, 419, 431. 

124, 127, 128, 140, 205, 298, 419, 431. 

243. 

79, 127, 193, 202, 413. 

201, 205, 286, 304, 501. 

127. 

127. 

351. 

304. 

202, 351, 304, 501. 

171. 

91,298,304,479. 

124, 298. 

171. 

53. 

351. 

304, 351. 

85, 91, 127. 361. 

201, 286, 304, 501. 

306. 

298. 

X. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

304. 

501. 

127, 304. 

304. 

124, 127, 202, 304, 407. 

127, 304. 

171, 304. 

171. 

171. 

X. 

171. 

127. 
X. 

91. 

127. 

11,127,304. 

11,127,171. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



65 



Table 6B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Con. 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



4,6-Dihydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

6,7-Dihydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

3,5-Dihydroxy-2-naphthoic acid 

16,17-Dihydroxyviolantlirone 

Di-isopropylbenzene 

2,5-Dimethoxyaniline 

1,4-Dimethoxybenzene 

3,3'-Dimethoxybenzidine 

l,4-Dimethoxy-2-nitrobenzene 

N-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-nitrophenyl)benzamide 

N-(2,5-Dimethoxy phenyl) benzamide 

3,3'-Dimethoxy-4,4'-diphenylbis(3-methyl-3-triazene-ethanesulfonic 
acid). 

Dimethylaminoacetylcatechol 

p-Dimethylaminobenzaldehyde 

•N,N-Dimethylaniline 

*2,2'-Dimethyl-l,l'-bianthraquinone 

N,N-Dimethylcyclohexylamine 

Dimethyldiphenylurea 

2',7'-Dimethylfluoran 

Dimethyl-a-naphthylamine 

N,N-Dimethyl-p-nitrosoaniline 

N,N-DimethyIphenylazoaniline 

•N,N'-Dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine and hydrochloride 

Dimethylstyrene-_ 

N,N-Dimethylsulfanilic acid 

2,4-Dinitroaniline 

p-(2, 4-Dinitroanilino)phenol (Dinitrohydroxydiphenylamine) 

2,4-Dinitroanisole 

Dinitroanthraquinone (1,5- and 1,8-) 

4,8-Dinitroanthrarufln (l,5-Dihy(iroxy-4,8-dinitroanthraquinone) 

m-Dinitrobenzene 

2,4-Dinitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

3,5-Dinitrobenzoic acid 

3,5-Dinitrobenzoyl chloride 

Dinitro(3,3'-bi-7-benz[de.]anthracen)-7,7'-dione (Dinitrodibenzan- 
thronyl). 

4,4'-Dinitro-l,r-dianthraquinonylamine 

Dinitromonomethylaniline 

Dinitronaphthalene 

2,4-Dinitro-a-naphthol 

•2,4-Dinitrophenol, tech 

N,N'-Di(p-nitrophenyl)oxamide (Oxalyl-p-nitroaniline) _ 

♦4,4'-Dinitro-2,2'-stilbenedisulfonic acid 

2,4-Dinitrotoluene --- 

Di-o-tolylthiourea 

1,5-Dioxamidoanthraquinone 

Dipentene (dl-Limonene) - 

1,5-Diphenoxyanthraquinone 

Diphenylamine 

*8-Diphenylamino-l,6-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

1,5-Diphenylcarbohydrazide 

1,3-Diphenyltriazene (Diazoaminobenzene) 

Dipyrazoledianthrone 

Di-tert-butyl-m-cresol 

Di-tert-butyl-p-cresol 

l,4-Di(p-toluino)anthraquinone 

Dodecylbenzene 

6-Ethoxy-3-hydroxythianaphthene 

2-Ethoxynaphthalene 

2-Ethoxy-l-naphthylamine 

2-Ethoxy-l-nitronaphthalene 

N-(p-Ethoxyphenyl)-4-nitroanthranilic acid-.-, 

3-Ethylamino-p-cresol 

3-Ethylamino-p-toluenesulfonicacid (N-Ethyl-o-toluidine-p-sulfonic 
acid) . 

Ethylaniline, mono, crude and refined 

2-(N-E thylanilino)ethanol (Hydroxyethylethylaniline) 

*a-(N-Ethylanilino)-p-toluenesulfonic acid 

Ethylbenzene 

Ethylbenzyl-m-toluidine 

•Ethylbenzyl-m-toluidinesulfonic acid 

3,3'-Ethylenebis[l-(5-chloro-l-anlsyl) -3-triazenp-acetic acid] 

2-[3-Ethyl-l-(5-nitro-o-anisyl)-3-triazene]-5-sulfobenzoic acid (2-(N- 
E thyl-5-nitro-o-anisyl-diazoamino) -5-sulfobenzoie acid) . 

•Ethylphenylmalonic acid, diethyl ester 

Ethylsalicyl carbonate 

N-Ethyl-5-sulfoanthranilic acid.. 

N-2-Ethyl-2,5-toluenediamine 



171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

32. 

127, 171. 

171. 

91, 127 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

243. 

134, 157, 304. 

69, 127, 202, 304. 

69, 127, 171, 304. 

298. 

127. 

499. 

134. 

304. 

304. 

149, 304, X. 

311. 

171. 

69, 298. 

91, 171, 304. 

274, 479. 

11, 85. 

127. 

127, 304. 

91, 171. 

134. 

134. 

127. 

127, 281. 

69. 

171. 

157. 

127, 171, 304. 

127. 

85, 91, 127, 171, 304. 

127, 304. 

127. 

171. 

127, 311. 

127. 

124, 127, 134. 

91, 127, 171,304. 

134. 

127, 304. 

127, 171. 

241. 

165. 

127. 

298. 

127. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

127. 

127. 

69, 127, 202, 304. 

171. 

69, 91, 127. 171, 304, 485. 

124, 298, 515. 

127, 304. 

127, 171,304. 

351. 

171. 

1, 48, 286, 501. 

124. 

171. 

171. 



66 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 6B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United- 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Con. 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



N-Ethyl-m-toluidine - 

N-Ethyl-o-toluidine , 

Fluorene 

a-Fluorenone 

o-Formylbenzenesulfonic acid (o-Sulfobenzaldehyde) 

Formanilide 

8-(3-Ouanylguanidino) -2-naphthol hydrochloride 

Hexachlorobenzene -- 

Hexachlorodiphenyl oxide 

m-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid 

*p-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid 

4-Hydrazino-m-toluenesulfonic acid 

*Hydroquinone, tech 

l-Hydroxy-4-aminoanthraquinone 

3-Hydroxy-2-anthracenecarboxylic acid 

1-Hydroxyanthraquinone 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid..- 

2-Hydroxy-ll-benzo[a]carbazole-3-carboxylic acid 

2-Hydroxy-3-carbazolecarboxylic acid 

8-Hydroxy-3-naphth[l,2] imidazole hydrochloride 

2-Hydroxy-l-naphthoic acid 

l-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid, ethyl carbonate 

l-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid, methyl ester 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid 

N-(7-Hydroxy-l-naphthyl)benzamide . 

/S-(2-Hydroxynaphthyl)-3-thianaphthenol O-Naphtholthioindoxyl) . 

4-Hydroxy-3-nitro-l-phenylarsonic acid 

l-Hydroxy-N-octadecyI-2-naphthamide 

2-Hydroxyphenetole 

p-Hydroxyphenylarsonic acid 

0- (p-Hydroxy phenyl)-a-pheny Ipropionic acid 

8-Hydroxyquinoline, crude 

p-(8-Hydroxy-6-sulfo-2-naphthylamino) benzoic acid 

3-Hydroxy-,')-sulfo-2-naphthoic acid 

5-Hydroxy-m-toluenesu!fonic acid 

* 1, l'-Iminobis(4-benzamidoanthraquinone) 

•6,6'-Iminobis(l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid) (I or J acid imide) (Rhodu- 

lineacid). 
Indene. 



*Indophenol, blue and green 

7-Iodo-8-hydroxyquinoline-5-sulfonic acid. 
Isatin 



p-Isobutylaminophenol (p- Amino- N-isobutylphenol) 

Isophorone 

Isopropyl ester p-toluenesulfonate 

p,p'-IsopropylidenediphenoI (p,p'-Dihydroxydiphenyldimethyl- 
methane). 

Isophthalic acid (1,3-Benzencdicarboxylic acid) 

Isoviolanthrone (Isodibenzanthrone) 

Leuco l,4-di(methylamiDo)anthraquinone 

Leuco indophenol BCFN 

*Leuco quinizarin 

Leuco tetrahydroxyanthraquinone 

2,6-Lutidine 

2,4-Lutidine 

*Metanilic acid 

2-Methoxy-4-aminodiphenylamine-2-sulfonic acid 

p-Methoxy-a- (p-anisyl) butyrophenone 

1-Methoxyanthraquinone 

p-Methoxybutyrophenone 

2-(6-Methoxy-N-methyl-4-nitro-m-tolyldiazoamino)-5-sulfobenzoir 
acid. 

2-Me thoxy-4-nitrodiphenylamine-2'-sulfonic acid 

4-Methoxy-4-nitrodiphenylamine-2'-sulfonic acid 

5-Methoxy-m-phenylenediamine (m-Diaminoanisole) 

6-Methoxy-m-toluiaine (2-Amino-p-cresol methyl ether) 

Methyl acetylsalicylate 

1-Methy laminoanthraquinone. 

Methy laminosulfobenzoic acid 

Methylaniline, mono _. 

2-(N-Methylanilino)ethanol (Hydroxyethylmethylaniline) 

5-Methyl-o-anisidine (Cresidine) 

m-Methylanisole (m-Cresol methyl ether) ._ 

N-Methylanthranilic acid 

2-Methylanthraquinone 

2-Methy l-7-benz[de]anthracen-7-one (2-Methylbenzanthrone) 

Methylbenzoxazole .._ 

Methylbenzyl alcohol 

3,3'-Methylenebis(l-o-anisyI-3-triazeneacetic acid) 



127, 304. 

127, 304. 

241.377. 

137. 

127. 

127. 

171. 

124,205. 

124. 

171. 

171,351, 441. 

171. 

78, 127, 134, 45(i, 479, 513. 

171. 304. 

171. 

304. 

201. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

127. 

171. 

171. 

171, 304, 413. 

171. 

91. 

1. 28<;. 

171. 

298. 

1, 134, 286. 

105. 

48. 

171. 

171. 

255. 

09, 127, 171, 281. 

f)9, 85. 127, 304. 351. 

155, X. 

37, 127, 304. 

501. 

304. 

127. 

74, 410. 

127. 

124, 171. 



,171. 

69, 127, 274, 304, X. 

^377. 

09, 85, 9i, 127. 171, 304. 

171. 



171. 

171. 

69, 274, 479. 

91. 

287 

28,69,91, .27, 171. 193. 

171. 

91, 127. 

171. 

172. 

278. 

171, 278. 

69, 127, 304. 

304. 

134, 149. 

311. 

351. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



67 



Table 6B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 19^4 — Con. 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



3,3'-Methylenebis(l-o-anisyl-3-triazenepropionic acid) 

2,2'-Methylenebis(4-chlorophenol) 

3,3'-Methylenebis[l-(5-chloro-o-anisyl)-3-triazeneacetic acid] 

3,3'-Methylenebis[l-(4-chloro-o tolyl)-3-triazeneacetic acid] 

3,3'-Methylenebis( 1 -(5-chloro-o-tolyI) -S-triazeneacetic acid] 

3,3'-Methy lenebis[l- (fi-chloro-o-tolyl) -3-triazenepropionic acid] 

p,p' - Methylenebis(N,N - diethylaniline) (Tetraethyldiaminodi- 
phenylmethane). 

*p,p'-Methylenebis(N,N-dimethylanOine) (Tetramethyldiaminodi- 

phenylmethane). 
p,p'-Methylenebis(N,N - dimethyl- 2- nitroaniline) (Dinitrotetra- 

methyldiaminodiphenylmethane) . 
p,p'-Methylenebis(N-ethylaniline) [Di (ethylamino) diphenylmeth- 

ane]. 
4,4'-Methylenebisf3-hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid) sodium salt (Meth- 
ane salt). 

N,N'-Mf'thylenebis(4-methyIaminoantipyrine) 

Methylenebis(toluonediamine) (Tetra-aminoditolylmethane) 

4,4'-Methylenebis(m-toluidine) (4,4'-Diamino-2,2'-dimethyldiphen- 
ylmethane). 

Methyl p-hydroxy-m-nitrobenzoate 

N-Methyl-N-(3-methyl-o-anisyldiazo)glycine 

2-Methylnaphthalene 

N-Methyl-p-nitroacetanilide 

4-Methyl-o-nitroanisole 

2-(N-Methyl-p-nitrosoanilino)ethanol 

N-(5-Methyl-4-nitro-o-anisyl)-p-toluenesulfonamide 

2-Methyl-l-nitroanthraquinone 

2-(N-Methyl-4-nitro-o-to!yldiazoamino)-5-sulfobenzoicacid 

(N-Methyl-p-phenpthyldiazoamino) acetic acid 

'S-Methyl-l-phenyl-S-pyrazolone (Developer Z) -. 

Methylphenylpyrazolone - 

MethylphenylpyrazoIone-3-sulfonic acid 

*Methyiphenylpyrazolone-4-sulfonicacid 

6-Methylquinoline. 

3-Methvl-l-(m-sulfophenyl)-5-pyrazolone 

3-Methyl-l-(p-sulfophenyl)-5-pyrazolone (Methylsulfophenylpyraz- 
olone) . 

3-Methyl-l-(4-sulfo-o-tolyl)-5-pyrazolone 

Methylstyrene 

Methyl-p-toluenesulfonate 

5'-Methyl-p-toluenesulfon-o-aniside 

4-Methylumbelliferone 

♦Naphthalene, solidifying at 79° C. or above, refined, flake 

Naphthaleneacetic acid 

1 ,5-Naphthalenediol (1 ,5-D ihydroxynaphthalene) 

*l,5-Naphthalenedisulfonicacid--_ 

2,7-Naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

1-Naphthalenesulfonic acid 

1-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, aniline salt 

2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid 

2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Naphthalenesulfonic acids, sodium salt, mixture 

1,3,6-Naphthalenetrisulfonicacid 

Naphthalic anhydride 

Naphthenic acid 

3-Naphth[l,2]imidazole-8-sulfonicacid 

♦Naphthionic acid (4-Amino-l-naphthalenesuIfonic acid) and salt 

•a-Naphthol . 

^-Naphthol, tech 

l-Naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid and salt 

*2-Naphthol-3,6-disuUonic acid and salt 

*2-Naphthol-6,8-disulfonic acid and salt 

l-Naphthol-8-sulfamide 

l-Naphthol-4-sulfonic acid (Nevile and Winther's acid) 

*l-Naphthol-5-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthol-8-sultonic acid 

'2-Naphthol-6-sulfonic acid (Schaeffer's acid) 

2-Naphthol-7-su!fonic acid 

2-Naphthol-8-sulfonic acid 

1-8-Naphthosultone 

l,8-Naphthosultone-3,6-disulfonicacid 

Naphth(1.2)oxadiazole-5-sulfonic acid 

*1-Naphthylamine 

*2-Naphtbylamine 

1-Naphthylamine hydrochloride 

l-(l-Naphthylamino)-2-anthraquinonecarboxylicacid 

ISI-(l-Naphthyl)ethylenediamme hydrochloride --- 

1 Naphthyl isoeyanate 



351. 
171. 
351. 
351. 
351. 
351. 
69, 274. 

127, 171, 274, 304, 

171, 304. 

298. 

501. 

501. 
304. 
127. 

501. 

171. 

377. 

171. 

127. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

11,69,85,127,171,304,351,601. 

124, 127. 

171. 

69, 91, 171. 

171. 

53. 

127, 351. 

171. 

124, X. 

171. 

171. 

134, X. 

43, 69, 115, 127, 241, 361, 377, 413, 432. 

413. 

171,304. 

91,127,171,304. 

127, 274, 304, 413. 

171. 

171. 

91, 157, 298, 304. 

69. 

91. 

171. 

134. 

134. 

171. 

69,91,127,171,304. 

91,127,171,304. 

69, 304, 413. 

85, 91, 304. 

91, 171, 304, 413, 485. 

91,127,171,304. 

91. 

91, 127, 304. 

91, 171, 127, 304. 

171. 

18. 69, 91, 127, 171, 304, 485. 

91, 127, 413, 

91. 

85, 91. 

274. 

171. 

127, 171, 304. 

127,157,274,304. 

157, 171. 

127. 

134. 

134. 



68 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 6B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United 
States -production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Con. 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



2-Naphthylmercaptoacetic acid (2-Naphthalenemercaptoacetic 
acid). 

p-NitroacetanUide 

4-Nitro-o-acetaniside 

4-Nitroaminobeuzene-2-sulfoethylanilide 

*m-NitroanilLne 

o-Nitroaniline 

p-Nitroaniltne 

*2-Nitro-p-anisidine 

4-Nitro-o-anisidine 

S-Nitro-o-auisidine 

o-Nitroanisole 

p-Nitroanisole 

9-Nitroanthra[l,9-de, 4,10-d'e']bis(l,2,3-oxathiazine)-2,7-bisdioxide 

l-Nitro-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid 

5-Nitro-l-anthraqutnonesuIfonic acid 

5- and 8-Nitroanthraquinonesulfonic acid 

2(l'-Nitro-2'-anthraquinonyl)anthra[2,3]oxazole-5,10-dione 

m-Nitrobenzaldehyde 

*6-(m-Nitrobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (m-Nitrobenzoyl J 
acid). 

•6-(p-Nitrobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (p-Nitrobenzoyl J 
acid) . 

•Nitrobenzene 

2-Nitro-p-benzenedisulfonic acid 

Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

•m-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

o-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid ._ 

p-N itrobenzenesulf onic acid , potassium salt 

ra-Nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

m-Nitrobenzoic acid 

p-Nitrobenzoic acid 

p-Nitrobenzoic acid, ethyl ester (Ethyl p-nitrobenzoate) 

m-Nitrobenzoyl chloride. 

p-Nitrobenzoyl chloride 

m-Nitrobenzoylsulfonic acid 

Nitrobenzoyltoluenediaminesulfonic acid 

o-Nitrobiphenyl 

p-Nitrobiphenyl 

Nitrocresol (isomer not specified) 

m-Nitrocresol 

2-Nitro-p-cresol 

4-Nitro-2-diphenylaminesulfonicacid 

4-Nitro-5-ethoxy-o-butyrophenetide 

Nitronaphthalene 

7-Nitro-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

8-Nitronaphthalenetrisulfonic acid 

7,8-Nitronaphth(l,2)oxadiazole-5-sulfonicacid 

o-Nitrophenetole 

*o-Nitrophenol _ 

p-Nitrophenol I. ".'.".]".!!.. . 

o-Nitrophenoxybenzene 

p-Nitrophenylhydrazine '... 

l-(m-Nitrophenyl)-5-pyrazolone-3-carboxyiicacid 

Nitropyrazolonecarboxylic acid 

5-Nitrosalicylic acid 

l-Nitroso-2-naphthol l.[Vi"l"".- 

l-Nitroso-2-naphthol-7-sulfonicacid ll..l.[[[l[ll"l[[ 

Nitrosophenol 

*p-Nitrosophenol l^^\\\[^^ '.'."/. 

m-Nitrotoluene '-""""!!-"'' 

o-Nitrotoluene l.[[[l[\lV^l\[l"\. 

p-Nitrotoluene l"l[\\\[]W '_' """ 

Nitrotoluene mixtures V^l"l[[\][\m\\[^\\l\] 

1-Nitro-p-toluenesulfonic acid -_"I.I-Iim"I". 

*3-Nitro-p-toluenesulfonie acid 1. 1 -!.'_' 

*5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonie acid 

3-Nitro-p-toluic acid 

*2-Nitro-p-toluidine !.__ I 

4-Nitro-o-toluidine ...11 

fi-Nitro-o-toluidine ' 

3-Nitro-p-tolunitrile 

3-Nitro-p-tolyl chloride. 

4-Nitro-N-tolylnaphthahmide .... 

N-(4-Nitro-o-tolyl)-p-toluenesulfonamide 

Nitroviolanthrene 

4-Xitro-m-xylene... I]I]II!].IIII 

Nitroxylene "-...^^mil^mil^I"" 

Pentachlorophenol and sodium salt".V"rrrr"'"rrr"I''" """ 



69, 127, 171. 

91, 171. 

171. 

304. 

69, 85, 91, 127, 304. 

298. 

11, 127, 298, 304. 

127, 171, 202, 304. 

127, 171, 281, 304. 

127, 171, 281, 304. 

127, 298. 

127, 157. 

171. 

171. 

127. 

304. 

171. 

171. 

127,171,351. 

127,171,351. 

69, 127, 171, 298, 304, 306. 

91. 

85, 304. 

91, 127, 171, 304, X. 

171. 

69. 

304. 

127, 205. 

127. 

501. 

127, 205. 

127, 134, 205. 

11. 

171,304. 

2«8. 

298. 

127. 

1. 

91. 

171. 

351. 

127, 171, 304. 

91, 171. 

171. 

171. 

127. 

48, 127, 479. 

127, 298. 

351. 

134. 

171. 

351. 

171. 

69, 157, 304. 

171. 

304. 

37, 69, 91, 127, 171. 

127, 171, 304. 

127, 171, 304. 

127, 171, 304. 

127, 171, 304. 

85. 

11,69,91, 171. 

91. 127, 171, 304. 

171. 

69, 127, 202, 304, 413. 

171. 

127, 351, 413.. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

69, 171. 

91. 

127, 171, 304. 

124, 298. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



69 



Table 6B.- — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Con. 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



9.10-Plienanthrenequinone 

Phenazlne 

o-Phenetidine 

p-Phenetidine 

p-Phenetidine citrate 

•Phenol: 
Natural: 
♦From coal tar: 

U. S. P... 

37° C. m. p 

*39° C. m. p 

82 to 84 percent 

Another.. 

♦Synthetic: 

By caustic fusion: 

U. S. P 

82 to 84 percent . 

All other 

From benzol by oxidation: U. S. P 

From chlorobenzene by liquid-phase hydrolysis: U. S. P 

From chlorobenzene by vapor-phase hydrolysis: XJ. S. P 

Phenol, sodium salt 

*Phenolsulfonic acid 

Phenothioxin 

o-Phenoxyaniliae 

*Phenylacetic acid, tech 

Phenylacetic acid and ester 

2-Phenylanthra[2,3]oxazole-5,10-dione 

•p-Phenylazoaniluie (Aminoazobenzene) and hydrochloride 

N-Phenyldibenzylamtae (Dibenzylaniline) 

*m-Phenylenediamine 

o-Phenylenediamine 

p-Phenylenediamine 

*m-Phenjienediaminesulfonic acid 

*p-Phenylenediaminesulfonic acid 

Phenylene nerol acid (6-(p-AminoanUiao)metanilic acid) 

Phenyl ether (Diphenyl oxide).. 

♦Phenylglycine and salt 

Phenylhydrazine 

Phenylhydrazuie and hydrochloride. 

•2,2'-Phenyliminodiethanol (Phenyldiethanolamine) (N,N'-Bis(2- 
hydroxyethyl) anUtne) . 

Phenylisocyanate 

♦Phenylmalonio acid, diethyl ester 

N-Phenyl-1-naphthylamiae , 

N-Phenyl-2-naphthylamine 

*N-Phenyl-l-naphthylamine-8-sulfonic acid (Phenyl peri acid) 

o-Phenylphenol 

p-Phenylphenol 

o-Phenylphenol, sodium salt 

N-Phenyl-p-phenylenediamine 

l-Phenyl-5-pyrazolone-3-carboxy]ic acid, ethyl ester 

Phthalamide 

Phthalic acid 

*Phthalic anhydride 

Phthalonitrile 

Phthaloyl chloride . 

*2-Picoline (alpha)... 

3-Picoline (beta) 

4-Picoline (gamma) 

3- and 4-Picollae (beta-gamma mixture) 

*Picramic acid and salt 

Picric acid (Trinitrophenol) 

Piperidine . 

Piperidinopropanediol 

Piperidino propyl alcohol 

Polychlorobiphenyl. 

Primuline, base 

Primuline sulfonic acid 

Proflavine, base (3,6-Diaminoacridine) 

Propiophenone 

Pseudocumidine 

Pyrazolone 

Pyridine, refined 

Pyridine, salts, bases, and residues 

Quinaldine (2-MethylquinoIine) 

Quinaldine yellow, base 

*Quinizarin (1,4-Dihydroxyanthraquinone) 



304. 
171. 

127, 298. 
127, 165, 298. 



377. 

69. 

43, 69, 241, 377. 

43, 241. 

43, 69, 241, 377, 381. 



43, 298. 

43. 

43, 376. 

419. 

124. 

128. 

157. 

124, 157, 298, X. 

124. 

351. 

48, 186, 229, X, X. 

501. 

171. 

11, 69, 127, 171, 304. 

127. 

69, 85, 91, 127, 171, 304, 363. 

137, 149. 

69, 413. 

91, 127, 171, 304. 

85, 91, 171. 

53. 

124. 

124, 127, 304. 

124. 

134, 157. 

74, 124, 127, 171, 304. 

134. 

I, 286, 501. 
127. 

127, 171. 

69, 127, 171, 304. 

124. 

124. 

124. 

127, 171. 

171. 

124, 127. 

171. 

13, 43, 127, 298, 304, 376: 

127. 

298. 

43, 241, 377. 

43, 241, 377. 

43, 241, 377. 

43, 241, 377. 
69, 127, 304. 
127, 304. 
127, 205, 298. 
287. 

255. 

298. 

304. 

341. 

1. 

X. 

44, 304. 
11. 

43, 241, 377. 

241. 

43, 241, 274, 304. 

304, 377. 

II, 28, 69, 85, 91, 127, 171, 193, 274, 
304, 513, X. 



70 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 6B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Con. 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



Quinoline .. 

Quinoline, 2° 

Quinolinic acid .- 

Eesorcinol, tech.. 

^-Resorcylic acid 

Salicylic acid, tech.. 

Styphnic acid (2,4,6-Trinitroresoroin) 

Styphnic acid, lead salt.. 

•Styrene ( Vinylbenzene) .-- 

p-Sulfamylbenzoic acid (p-Carboxybenzenesulfonamide) 

Sulfanilic acid and salt-.. ^ 

p-Sulfoanthranilic acid 

o-Sulfo benzoic anhydride 

p-Sulfo-o-benzoylbcnzoic acid (Sulfo BB acid) 

p,p'-Sulfonyldiphenol (4,4'-Dihydroxydiphenylsulfone) 

Sulfophenyl-m-pyrazolone 

l-(o-Sulfophenyl) -5-pyrazolone-3-carboxylic acid 

l-(p-Sulfophenyl)-5-p>Tazolone-3-carboxylic acid (Pyrazolone T) 

Tetrabromo-8, 16-pyranthrenedione 

•1,4,5,8-Tetrachloroanthraquinone 

Tetrachlorobenzene 

Tetrachlorophenol, sodium salt 

*l,4,5,8-Tetrakis(l-anthraquinonylamino)anthraquinone (Penta-an- 
thramide). 

3-(2) -Thianaphthenone 

3,3'-Thiobis(7-ben?.[de]anthracen 7-one) 

p,p'-Thiobis(4-amino-o-benzenesulfonic acid) (Thioaniline disul- 
fonic acid). 

p,p'-Thiodianiline 

Thiophenylsulfonic acid 

Tolidine and salts 

o-Tolidine and salts 

2-(o-Toloxy)pthanol (Cresylglycol) _.. 

o-Toluenesulfonamide 

p-Toluenesulfonaraide 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid 

Toluenesulfonic acid, tech 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid, crude 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid, ethyl ester 

o-Toluenesulfonyl chloride 

p-Toluenesulfonyl chloride 

•a-Toluic acid, ethyl ester (Phenylacetic acid, ethyl ester) (Ethyl 
phenylacetate). 

m-Toluidine 

o-Toluidine 

•p-Toluidine __. 

Toluidine, mixed. 

*8-(p-Toluino)-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Tolyl peri acid) 

m-(p-Toluino) phenol. 

a-Tolunitrilp (Benzyl cyanide) 

p-Tolunitrile 

*4-(o-Toly lazo) -o-toluid ine (o-Aminoazo toluene) _.. 

*o-(p-Tolyl)benzoic acid 

*m-Tolylenediamine _ 

m-Tolylenediamine sulfate _ 

m-Tolylenediaminesulfonic acid 

Trianthraquinonyl di-imide_. 

Tribromophenol 

•Trichlorobenzenes 

Trichlorocumcne 

Trichlorophenol, sodium salt 

Trichlorophenoxyethoxychloroethane (Trichlorophenoxyethoxy- 
ethyl chloride). 

*a-Trichlorotoluene (Benzotrichloride) 

] ,2,4-Trihydroxyanthraquinone 

6- Valeryl-m-cresol 

o-Vanillin (2-Hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde) 

o-Veratraldehyde (3,4-DimethoxybeiizaIdehyde) . 

Vinylcarbazole 

Violanthrene. . . 

Violanthrone (Dibenzanthrone) ....; .:. 

*m-Xylene 

*Xylene, ortho and para.... . ............:. 

Xylenols: 

Low b. p .............:....... 

High b. p ...:...-...-............ 

Not classified as to b. p.. .........: 



134, 241, 377. 

43. 

91. 

127, 312, X. 

X. 

124, 127, 201, 298. 

X. 

X. 

74, 124, 298, 515, 522, X. 

298 

11,'69, 91, 304. 

171. 

134, 340. 

127. 

171, X. 

85. 

351. 

11, 171. 

171. 

127, 171, 304. 

124. 

124. 

28, 127, 171, 304. 

171. 
171. 
304. 

127, 304. 

255. 

304. 

91, 127, 157. 

i;i. 

298. 

298. 

134, 157, 413. 

298. 

413. 

134, 479. 

298. 



48, 286, 501, 

127. 171, 304. 

127, 171. 304. 

127, 201, 304. 

69, 241. 

127, 171, 304. 

171. 

48, 229. 

171. 

11,91, 127,171,304. 

69, 127, 304. 

69,91, 127, 171,304. 

69, 127. 

304. 

171. 

124. 

124, 205, 298. 

205. 

124. 

124. 

201, 205, 298. 

85, 171. 

501. 

298. 

298, 398. 

171. 

171. 

69, 127, 341. 

127, 135, 278, X. 

43, 127, 278. 

377, 381. 

377. 

43, 69, 377. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



71 



Table 6B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Con. 



Chemical 


Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 


Xylidincs: 

2,3-Xylidine 


304. 


*2,4-Xylidine (m-4-Xylidrae) . 


11, 127, 286, 304. 




11, 127, 304. 


'Xylidine mixture, original 1 

*Xylidine mixtures, other (ortho and para) . 


91, 127, 171, 274, 304. 
69. 




304. 




304. 


2,4-Xylidinesulfonic acid - . -_ 


304. 




127. 




304. 


4-(2,4-Xylylazo)-2,5-sylidine (Aminoazoxylcne) 


11. 304. 
127. 







DYES 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 

[Dyes for which separate stati'Jtics are given in table 7A are marked below with an asterisk (*) ; dyes not so 
marked do not appear in table 7A because the reported data are confidential and may not be published. 
Manufacturers are identified by numbers in the alphabetical list appearing in table 22. An X signifies that 
the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number with the designated 
product] 



Colour 
Index or 
Proto- 
type 
No. 




Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBERS 

NitToso Dyes 

Fast pruiting green -.. 

Naphthol green B 

NitTo Dyes 

Naphthol yellow S 

Amide yellow E 

Azo Dyes 

Monoazo Dyes 

Spirit yellow Q 

Acid yellow G 

♦Spirit yellow R -- 

Oil yellow -. 

*Chrysoidine Y 

♦Chrysoidine R 

Sudan G 

*Sudan I 

Croceine orange G -- 

*Orange G 

Chromotrope 2R ^ 

*Fast acid fuchsine B -- 

*Amido naphthol red G 

Brilliant sulphon red 

*Chrome yellow 2G 

*Chrome yellow R 

*Azo alizarin yellow GP 

'Victoria violet 4BS 

Lanafuchsine 

Chromotrope 6B 

*Amido naphthol red 6B 

Fast scarlet Q base 

*SudanII 

* Ponceau R 

Double ponceau 

*Fast red B 

Chromotrope lOB 

*Chrome brown R 

Chrome green 2G 

Chromate brown B 



171. 
69, 171. 



69, 91, 304. 

171. 



171. 

69. 

11, 69, 104, 162, 171, 304. 

11, 69, 104, 127, 162, 171, 304. 

69, 104, 127, 171, 304. 

69, 171, 304. 

104. 

11, 69, 91, 104, 127, 162, 171, 304. 

91, 304. 

69, 91, 127, 171, 304. 

304. 

11, 304, 512. 

11, 69,91, 104, 127,171, 304. 

512. 

11,69,85,91,171,274. 

11,69,91, 171. 

11,91, 171, 304. 

91,127, 171,304. 

91. 

91, 304. 

11, 69, 85, 91, 127, 171, 304. 

171. 

11, 69, 104, 162, 171, 304. 

69, 91, 127, 171, 304. 

171. 

69, 91, 171, 304. 

127. 

91, 171, 304. 

171. 

69, 85, 363. 



72 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX 

NUMBERS— Continued 

Azo Dyes— Continued 
Monoazo Dyes— Continued 

Metachrome olive brown G : 

Acid chrome brown R _.. 

Chrome flavine G 

Azoeosine G _._ _ 

Fast red B base.. 

Eosamine G .._ 

Chrome yellow 5G 

Direct pink 2GN 

Direct pink 

Direct fast pink EBN 

Janus black B _ 

*Metanil yellow.. 

Methyl orange 

*Azoflavtne RS 

*Azo yellow 

Resorcin yellow 

*Orange II _" 

Hansa rubine 

Orange R .' '"_ I.I.I 

Pigment rubine B .1.1 

Lake red C I 

Acid chrome brown B V... 

*Acid chrome gaj-net R 

•Acid chrome violet N 

Chrome black PV_ 

Acid chrome black R 

Metachrome violet B .1 '..'.".'.../.. 

Naphthylamine brown _ , 

•Fast red A 

•Azo rubine 

•Fast red VR ^^^^^^^^^^^^^[^[^^[^^^^[^^^^^^[^^^^^^^^^ 

Croceine scarlet 3BX 

•Amaranth I__ __ 

•Cochineal red A " 

Mordant yellow O... 

Chrome yellow RN. ...I 

•Chrome blue black B . . 

•Chrome blue black R 

•Chrome black T 

•Chrome black A I 

•Fast acid blue R 

•Fast acid blue B IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII! 

•Acid chrome red B ...I...IIII.IIIIIII.III.I! 

•Chrome flavine A II. _I 

Direct pink 2B 



Disazo Dyes 



•Resorcin brown.. 

•Resorcin dark brown 

Chrome brown G 

•Acid black lOB 

•Azo dark green A 

Cloth red G I. 

•Brilliant croceine M 

Ponceau SS ex.. 

Cloth red 3G ex... 

Sudan IV. 
•Cloth red B .1. 

Neutral gray Q 

•Milling orange 

•Cloth scarlet Q 

•Direct fast red 8BL 
•Scarlet EC 

Fast acid cyanine d_ 

•Fast acid cyanine 5R ex 

Naphthalene acid black 4B. 

Acid black B 

•Acid chrome black F 



274. 

127. 

171,363. 

127, 171. 

171, 274. 

127. 

91. 

127. 

171,304 . 

127. 

171. 

127, 171, 304. 

127. 

11,91,171. 

11,171,304. 

304. 

69, 91, 104, 171, 304, 512. 

171. 

69, 127, 304. 

91, 127, 304. 

69. 

69, 304. 

91,171,304. 

91, 304, 363. 

69, 85, 171, 304. 

171. 

85. 

171. 

69, 91, 127, 171, 304. 

11,91,127,171,304. 

69, 91, 171, 304. 

91. 

91,240,304. 

69, 91, 171, 304. 

85, 171, 304. 

91,171,304. 

91,171,304. 

91, 127, 171, 304, 363. 

91, 127, 171, 304. 

91,171,304,363. 

69, 127, 171, 304. 

127, 171, 304. 

69,91,127,171,304,513. 

85, 91, 127, 171, 304, 351. 

127. 



11, 69, 91, 104, 127, 171, 304, 512. 

11, 69, 91, 104, 171, 304, 512. 

127, 304. 

11,69,91,127,171,304,512. 

91, 127, 512. 

91. 

69, 127, 171, 304. 

304. 

69. 

91, 104, 127, 162, 171. 

91,171,304. 

127. 

11,69,91,171. 

11,69,91,512. 

11, 53, 69, 85, 127, 171, 304, 351, 512, X. 

11,171,304. 

171, 304. 

69, 127, 171, 304. 

171. 

304. 

69, 91, 127, 171, 304. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



73 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Continued 



Colour 
Index or 
Proto- 
type 
No. 



Dye 



IManufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



302 

304 

306 

307 

308 

315 

316 

317 

319 

324 

324a 

325 

326 

327 

331 

332 

336 

343 

346 

349 

349a 

353 

364 

365 

370 

375 

376 

377 

382 

385 

387 

393 

394 

395 

400 

401 

405 

406 

409 

410 

411 

415 

419 

420 

423 

430 

431 

441 

443 

446 

448 

464 

471 

472 

477 

478 

487 

495 

499 

502 

508 

512 

515 

516 

518 

520 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBERS— 

Continued 

Azo Dyes— Continued 

Diazo Dyes— Continued 

*Acid chrome green SS 

♦Fast acid black 2BN 

Fast acid black F 

*Fast acid cyanine black B 

Naphthylamiue black D 

Brilliant black B 

♦Developed blue NA 

Developed blue B 

Direct fast heliotrope 

Developed brilliant orange GR ex 

*Rosanthrene 

*Direct brilliant violet 

*Direct fast scarlet 

Direct fast scarlet 4BA 

*Bismarck brown G 

*Bismarck brown R 

Acid chrome black SE 

*Chrome fast yellow C 

*Direct fast yellow 5GL 

Direct fast yellow 4GL ex 

Direct fast yellow RL 

*Direct fast pink 2BL 

♦Brilliant yellow 

Chrysophenine G 

Congo red 

*Congo corinth G 

Congo rubine 

Direct orange G 

♦Direct scarlet B 

Direct violet 

♦Direct violet B 

Benzo violet O 

♦Direct violet N 

Direct black RO 

Direct brilliant Bordeaux R 

♦Developed black BH 

Direct cyanine R 

♦Direct blue 2B 

Brilliant orange G 

Chrysamine G 

♦Cresotine yellow G 

♦Direct orange R 

♦Direct fast red F 

♦Direct brown M 

Direct brown B 

♦Polar red 

Acid chrome red 

Chrome fast yellow RD 

Milling red G 

Direct orange R 

Benzopurpurine 4B 

Direct blue 3R 

Direct blue 4R 

♦Direct blue BX 

♦Direct blue 3B 

Direct orange G 

♦Acid anthracene red 3B 

♦Benzopurpurine lOB 

Fast blue B base and salt 

♦Direct azurine G 

Direct brilliant blue G 

♦Direct blue RW 

Direct blue B 

Chicago blue B 

♦Direct sky blue FF 

♦Direct pure blue 



69, 127, 171. 

91, 127, 171, 304. 

171. 

69, 85, 127, 171, 304. 

171. 

171. 

91, 127, 171, 304. 

91, 127, 171, 304. 

91, 127, 171. 

127, 351. 

127, 171, 304. 

11, 171, 304. 

11, 69, 85, 91, 127, 171, 304, X. 

91, 171. 

69, 127, 171, 304. 

69, 91, 127, 171, 304. 

171. 

69, 85, 274, 304, 351. 

69, 127, 171, 304, X. 

85. 

85, 304. 

69, 127, 171, 304. 

69, 127, 173, 304. 

127, 171, 304. 

127, 304. 

11, 53, 69, 91, 127, 171, 304, 512. 

91, X. 

304. 

11, 53, 69, 91, 171, 304, 512. 

91. 

69. 91, 127, 171, 304. 

171. 

11, 69, 91, 127, 171, 304. 

11. 

304. 

53, 69, 91, 127, 171, 304, 512. 

304. 

11, 69, 91, 104, 127, 171, 304, 512. 

127. 

127. 

91, 304, 512. 

91, 127, 171, 304. 

11, 53, 69, 85, 91, 127, 171, 304, 512. 

11, 53, 69, 91, 127, 171, 304, 512, X. 

69, 512. 

69, 85, 91, 127, 171, .304, 512, X. 

85, 127. 

171, 351. 

11,69,91, 171. 

11, 304. 

91, 127, 304. 

127. 

91, 304. 

91, 127, 171, 304. 

11, 91, 104, 127, 304. 

11, 304. 

11,69,85,91, 171,351. 

91, 127, 304, 512. 

171, 304. 

11, 91, 127, 171, 304, 512. 

127. 

II, 91, 127, 171, 304. 
304. 

171. 

III, 53, 91, 127, 171, 304. 
153, 91, 127, 171, 304. 



74 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Continued 



Colour 
Index or 
Proto- 
type 
No. 




Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBERS- 
Continued 

Azo Dyes— Continued 

Trisazo Dyes 

Direct fast blue FR 

*Directfast black FF 

Plutoform black 

Diazo blue black RS 

Direct bronze G 

♦Direct brown BT 

Direct fast blue B 

*Direct black EW 

•Direct black RX 

•Direct green ET 

*Chloramine green B .-. 

Direct steel blue G 

•Direct green B 

•Direct green G 

Direct olive Q 

"Direct brown 3G0 

•Congo brown O 

Congo brown R 

Tetrakisazo Dyes 

Direct brown O 

Naphthamine fast black RS 

Stilbene Dyes 

•Direct yellow R 

•Chloraminc orange Q 

•Stilbene yellow 

Dipheny] catechine G 

Diphenyl chrysoine G 

Pyrazolone Dyes 

•Fast light yellow Q 

•Xylene light yellow 

•Tartrazine 

Polar yellow 

'Chrome red B 

•Pyrazol orange 

Developed fast yellow 2G _, 

Ketonimine Dyes 
•Auramine 

Triphenylmelhane and Diphenylnaphthylmethane Dyes 

•Malachite green 

•Rhoduline blue 6G 

Brilliant green 

Setocyanine 

•Acid green B 

•Fast acid green B 

Acid Hght green 

♦Acid glaucine blue 

'Para fuchsine 

•Magenta ' 

New fuchsine 

•Methyl violet B and base 

•Crystal violet 

Ethyl violet 

Benzyl violet 

Victoria blue 4R 

Acid magenta 

Fast acid violet lOB 

•Acid violet 

Acid fast violet BO 

Alkali blue 6B - 



11, 69, 91, 127. 

91, 127, 171, 304. 

69, 85, 91. 

127, 304. 

171. 

11. 53, 91, 127, 171, 304, 512, X. 

127, 304. 

69,91, 127, 171,304,512. 

69, 91, 127, 171, 304. 512. 

11, 69, 91, 127, 171, 304, 512. 

91, 127, 171, 304, 512. 

127. 

11, 69, 85, 91, 127, 171, 304, 512. 

69,91, 127, 171,304, 512. 

171. 

11, 69, 91, 127, 171, 304, 512. 

11,91, 127, 171, 304, X. 

127. 



171, 512. 

171. 



69, 91, 127, 171, 304. 

69,91,127,171,304. 

69, 127, 171. 

304. 

91. 



11, 127, 171, 304, 351. 

53, 69, 85, 91, 127, 171, 304, 351. 

11,69,171,202,304,351. 

85,91,171,351. 

69, 85, 91. 127, 171, 304. 

11, 53, 91, 304, 351, X. 

127. 



69, 127, 274, 304. 



69, 130, 274, 304. 

127, 130, 171, 202, 304. 

69, 130, 304. 

127, 171. 

69, 91, 127, 171, 304. 

69, 127, 171, 304. 

127, 171. 

69,127,171,202,304. 

09, 312, 439. 

69, 312, 413. 

69. 

69, 127, 130, 171, 304. 

69, 127, 130, 171, 202, 304. 

127, 130, 171. 

130. 

171. 

171. 

127, 274. 

69. 91, 127, 171, 202, 304. 

274, 304. 

312. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



75 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBERS- 
Continued 

Triphenylmethane and Diphenylnaphthylmethane Dyes- 
Continued 



Metbyl blue 

Methyl cotton blue 

♦Soluble blue 

Brilliant sky blue 5G 

Patent blue V 

♦Patent blue A 

♦Acid chrome azurol B__. 

Acid chrome cyanine R. 

Aurine 

♦Victoria blue R 

Victoria blue B 

•Naphthalene green V-— . 
♦Wool green S 



Xanthene Dyes 



Rhodamine B, 20% 

Rhodamine B cone, 100% 

Rhodamine 60 cone, 100% 

Fast acid violet A2R 

♦Fluorescein 

Uranine (Fluorescein, alkali salt) 

♦Tetrabromofluorescein 

Eosin Q (Tetrabromofluorescein, alkali salt) - 

Erythrosine bluish 

Phloxine 

Rose bengale B 



Acridine Dyes 



Acridine orange NO. 

♦Phosphine 

Phosphine 2G 

Euchrysine 2G 



Quinoline Dyes 



Quinoline yellow, spirit-soluble . 

'Quinoline yellow _. 

Quinoline yellow KT 



Thiazole Dyes 

Primuline 

Direct pure yellow M. 

♦Direct fast yellow 

ThioflavineT 

Direct brilliant flavine S 



Azine Dyes 

♦Wool fast blue 

♦Safranine 

Safranine MN 

Acid cyanine 

Induline, spirit-soluble 

Induline, water-soluble 

♦Nigrosine, spirit-soluble 

♦Nigrosine, water-soluble 



Aniline Black and Allied Dyes 



New fast gray. 
Fur black 



Gallocyanine. 
New blue R.- 
Nile blue A... 



Oxazine Dyes 



171, 312. 

171, 312. 

69, 171, 439. 

171. 

171, 304. 

69, 171, 202, 304. 

91, 127, 171, 304. 

127, 171, 304. 

127. 

127, 171, 202. 

127,171,202,304. 

127, 274, 304. 

69, 127, 171. 



127. 

127. 

127. 

186. 

18, 69, 186, 202, 304. 

69, 312. 

18, 69, 202, 225, 312. 

69, 312. 

69, 312. 

312. 

69, 312. 



127, 171, 351. 

69,91,127,304,351. 

351. 

171,351. 



274. 

127, 274, 304. 

274. 



127, 304. 

127. 

91,127,171,304,341. 

127. 

341. 



91, 127, 171, 304. 
127, 171, 304. 
304. 
171. 

69,171,304. 
69, 171, 304. 
69, 171, 304. 
69, 171, 304. 



513. 
69, 304. 
171. 



697646—46- 



76 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals P Coal-tar dyes for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Continued 



Colour 
Index or 
Proto 

type 

No. 




Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



922 
924 
927 
931 



971 



1027 
1033 
1034 
1035 
1040 
1053 
1054 
1060 
1062 
1063 
1073 
1075 
1076 
1078 
1080 
1085 



1095 
1096 
1097 
1098 
1099 
1101 
1102 
1104 
1106 
1109 
1113 
1114 
1118 
1120 
1128 
1132 
1135 
1150 
1151 
1152 
1161 
1162 
1163 
1167 
1170 
1173 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBERS— 
Continued 

Thiazine dyes 

•Methylene blue 

Methylene green B 

New methylene blue N 

Brilliant chrome blue 

Sulfur or Sulfide Dyes 

Derivatives of Carbazole 

Carbazole vat blue R 

Carbazole vat blue G 

Other Sulfur or Sulfide Dyes 

*Sulfur black 

•Sulfur blue 

*Sulfur brown 

*Sulfur green 

*Sulfur maroon 

*Sulfur olive - 

*Sulfur tan 

*Sulfur yellow 

*A11 other 

Anthraquinone Dyes 

Alizarin VI 

Alizarin orange AD-- 

♦Alizarin red S 

Alizarin brown.. 

Alizarin SX 

*Acid alizarin blue SE 

*Acid alizarin blue B 

Anthracene blue SWQQ 

Anthracene blue WR 

Anthracene blue SWX 

Alizarin irisol R 

Alizarin astrol B 

Cyananthrol R 

•Alizarin cyanine green 

Acid anthraquinone violet 

•Anthraquinone blue black B 

Acid anthraquinone sky blue B 

Anthraquinone blue SR 

Acid alizarin rubine 

Anthraquinone Vat Dyes 

•Anthraquinone vat yellow GC, \2)4%- 

•Anthraquinone vat golden orange G, 12% 

•Anthraquinone vat golden orange R, 12% 

Anthraquinone vat scarlet G, 16^% 

•Anthraquinone vat dark blue BO, 25% 

Anthraquinone vat jade green, 6% 

•Anthraquinone vat green B and black B, 12}^% 

•Anthraquinone vat violet 2R, \2\i% 

•Anthraquinone vat blue RS, 10% 

Anthraquinone vat blue 3G, 10% 

•Anthraquinone vat blue GCD, 8^% 

•Anthraquinone vat blue BOS, 20% 

Anthraquinone vat yellow G, 12)^% 

Anthraquinone vat brown B, 22%... 

Anthraquinone vat pink R, 123^% 

Anthraquinone vat yellow GK, 12J^% 

Anthraquinone vat brilliant violet RK, 12)^% 

•Anthraquinone vat olive R, 123^% 

•Anthraquinone vat brown R, 12J^% 

•Anthraquinone vat brown G, 12J^%. 

Anthraquinone vat red violet RRN, \V/2% 

Anthraquinone vat red BN extra, ViyiVo 

Anthraquinone vat violet BN, 25% 

Anthraquinone vat olive G 

Anthraquinone vat yellow R, \2]4% 

Anthraquinone vat blue 3G, 12}^% 



69, 130, 171, 304. 

69. 

69. 

171. 



127. 
171. 



37,69,127,171,304,423. 

37, 69, 91, 127, 171, 213, 304, 423. 

37, 69, 91, 113, 127, 171, 213, 304, 423. 

37,69,127,171,213,304. 

37,69,127,117,304. 

37, 69, 91, 127, 171, 213, 304, 423. 

37,69,91,127,171,213. 

37,69,127,171,213,304,423. 

91,127,171,304. 



11, X. 

171. 

11, 69, 171, 304. 

304, 513. 

304. 

69,127,171,304. 

28, 69,85, 91, 127, 171, 304, 513. 

28. 

85,171. 

28. 

28, 127, 513. 

127,171. 

127. 

11, 28, 69, 85, 127, 171, 304, 339, 513. 

28, 127. 

11, 69, 85, 91, 171, 274, 304, 363, 513. 

127, 171, 304. 

28. 

171. 



127, 171. 

127, 171, 304. 

127, 171, 304. 

171. 

127, 171, 304, 341. 

, 171. 

127, 171, 304, 341. 

127, 171, 304. 

127, 171. 

', 171, 304. 
127, 171, 304. 
, 171, 304. 
,304. 

il71. 

69, 127, 171, 281,304. 

127, 171, 304. 

127, 304. 

, 171, 304. 

,304. 

, 171. 

i341. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



77 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944~ 



United States 
-Continued 



Colour 
Index or 

Proto- 
type 
No. 


Dye 


Manufacturers'identiflcation num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 


1177 


DYES GROU 

*Indigo, syntl 
Indigo white 
Indigotin lA 
Tribromindi 

♦Bromindigo 
Ciba pink B 

*Vat red 3B, i 
Vat orange B 
Vat fast scar] 

*Blue#l 


FED 

Indig 

letie, 
, 20%. 


BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBERS— 
Continued 

oid and Thioindigoid Byes 

20% 


124, 127, 171, 304. 


1178 




304. 


1180 




127, 304. 


1183 


?oRB 

blue 2 

20%. 

0%- 


, 20% 


124, 304. 


1184 


BD, 16% 


124, 171, 304. 


1207 




124. 


1212 




69, 124, 127, 171, 304. 


1217 


^, 10% 
etc, 

Food, 




69, 127, 171, 304. 


1228 


20% 


124. 




Drug, and Cosmetic Dyes 


44, 304, 485. 




*Blue#2 


44, 240, 304, 441. 




♦Green #1 _ . .. . 


44, 304, 485. 




Green #2. . _ 


44, 304, 485. 




Green #3 


485. 




*Orange #1. 


44, 240, 304, 441, 485. 




Orange #2 . 


304. 




*Red#l 


44, 304, 485. 




*Red#2 


44, 240, 304, 441, 485. 




*Red#3 


44, 304, 485. 




Red#4 


304, 485. 




Red #32 . 


304. 




Yellow #1.... 


240. 




Yellow #3 


131, 304. 




Yellow H 


131, 304. 




♦Yellow #5 ... 


44, 240, 304, 441, 485. 




♦Yellow #6 - 


44, 240, 304, 441, 485. 




Black #1 


Drug and Cosmetic Dyes 


304. 




Blue #4.. 


304. 




Blue #6 . 


240, 304. 




Blue#9 


304. 




Brown #1 


304. 




Green #1 . 


304. 




Green #5 . . 


304. 




Green #6 


304. 




Green #7 .... . . .- 


304. 




Orange #3. ._. . . . 


304. 




♦Orange #4 .. . 


18, 193, 240, 304. 




Orange #5 -.. 


18. 




Orange #8- .- 


240. 




Orange #11 . 


304. 




Orange #15 


18 




Orange #17 .- 


18. 




Red#l- 


240. 




Red #2 


240, 304. 




Red #3.. 


240. 




Red #5- 


18, 240. 




Red #6 


18. 




♦Red #7. 


18, 193, 240, 304. 




Red #8 . . 


18. 




Red #9 . 


18. 




Red #10 .- - 


18, 240. 




Red #11 


18, 193, 240. 




Red #12 


18, 240. 




Red #13- .. . . - 


18. 




Red #14-- 


18, X. 




Red #18 — 


304. 




♦Red #19 


18, 193, 240, 304. 




♦Red #21 - 


18, 193, 225, 240. 




Red #22 


304. 




Red #28 


304. 




Red #29.. . - 


X. 




Red #30 


240. 




Red #31 


18, 240. 




Red #33 


304. 




Red #34 


18, 193, 240. 




♦Red #35.. 


18, 193, 240. 



78 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Continued 



Colour 
Index or 
Proto- 
type 
No. 


Dye 


Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 




DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBERS— 
Continued 

Drug and Cosmetic D2/e«— Continued 

Red #36 - 


18. 




Red #37 -. 


304. 




Red #39 


338. 




Violet #1 


18, 304. 




Yellow #1 


240, 304. 




Yellow #5 - 


18, 240. 




Yellow #6. 


240. 




Yellow #7 


240, 304. 




Yellow #8 . ... 


304. 




Yellow #10 - 


304. 




Yellow #11 


304. 




Drug and Cosmetic Byes, External 
Blue #1 


304. 




Green #5 . . 


304. 




Red #1 


304. 




Red #3 


304. 




Red #8 


304. 




Red #10 


304. 




Red #11 


304. 




Red #13 


304. 




Yellow #3 


18. 




Yellow #5 


18, 


1 


DYES GROUPED BY FOREIGN PROTOTYPE 
NUMBERS 

*Acid alizarin flavins R. 


69, 127, 171, 304. 


2 


Acid anthracene brown B 


69. 


4 


*Aeid anthracene brown PG 


11, 69, 85, 91, 127, 171, 351, 512. 


7 


Acid chrome blue 2R ... . . . 


91, 171. 


10 


Alizarin direct blue A2G.. 


171. 


11 


Alizarin direct blue AR 


171. 


12 


Alizarin supra blue A 


127, 171. 


13 


Alkali fast green lOQ . . . 


171. 


14 




69, 85, 91, 127, 171, 304, 512. 


16 


Artificial silk black G 


91,171,304,512. 


19 


Benzo Bordeaux 6B 


11,91,171,304. 


20 


*Benzo chrome black blue B._ 


91, 127, 171, 304. 


21 


Benzo chrome brown BS .. 


69, 171. 


22 


Benzo copper blue B .... 


171. 


23 




171. 


24 
26 


•Benzo fast black L ^ 

*Benzo fast blue 4GL 


11,69,91,127,171,304. 
85, 171, 351. 


27 


Benzo fast blue 8GL . ... .. 


351. 


28 


Benzo fast brown 3GL.. 


69, 171, 304. 


30 


Benzo red 12B 


127. 


31 


Benzo rhoduline red B 


127. 


33 


Brilliant acid blue 3B_ 


11. 


35 




11,127,171. 


37 


Brilliant mOling blue B _ . . 


127, 171. 


40 


♦Brilliant wool blue FFR _. 


127,171,304. 


42 


Cellitazol B . 


69. 


43 


*Celliton orange GR 


69, 127, 171. 


45 


Celliton red violet R __ _. 


127. 


47 


*Chlorantine fast brown BRL 


53, 91, 127, 304, 351, X. 


50 


Direct fast red 5BL 


91. 


53 


*Chlorantine fast yellow 4QL 


69,91,127,351. 


54 


*Chlorantine fast yellow RL .... . .. 


91, 127, 357, X. 
91. 


55 


Chrome yellow DS- _ 


56 


Chrome yellow G . . 


69. 


58 


Cibacete diazo black B. .. . . . ... 


91, 127, 512. 


59 


Cibacete diazo black GN. 


91. 


61 


Cibacete red 3B-. ... ... 


127. 


62 
63 


Cibacete sapphire blue G 

Cibacete scarlet G . 


69,91. 
69. 


64 


Cotton black 3G 


171. 


65 
66 


Cross dye green B 

Diamine azo Bordeaux B 


69. 
304. 


67 


•Diamine Bordeaux B 


11, 171, 304, X. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



79 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Continued 




Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



DYES GROUPED BY FOREIGN PROTOTYPE 
NU MBERS— Continued 



Diamine catechLne B 

Diamine catechuie G 

♦Diamine catechine 30 

♦Diamine fast blue FFB 

♦Diamine fast orange EG 

♦Diamine fast orange ER 

Diaminogren blue N2B 

♦Diazo Bordeaux 7B 

Diazo brilliant green 3G 

*Diazo brilliant scarlet 2BL, ex 

*Diazo brilliant scarlet ROA 

Diazo brown OG 

Diazo brown NR 

Diazo brown 3RB 

Diazo fast red 5BL 

Diazo fast red 7BL 

Diazo indigo blue 4GTj 

Diazo indigo blue 4RL 

Diazo olive G 

Diazo rubine B 

Diazo sky blue B 

Diazo sky blue 3GL 

♦Fast scarlet 2G base, salt 

Fastusol brown L3R 

Fastusol gray R 

Fastusol orange L5G 

Fastusol yellow ly5G 

♦Guinea fast red BL 

Guinea fast red 4BL 

Helindone fast scarlet B 

Helindone fast scarlet G 

Helindone pink B ex 

Helindone pink R ex 

HelioredRMT. 

Indanthrene brilliant orange RK. 
Indanthrene brown BR 

♦Indanthrene brown RRD 

♦Indanthrene khaki 2G 

Indanthrene rubine R dbl 

Indo carbon CL 

Indo carbon CLG cone 

Indocyanine B 

Katigen chrome blue 5G 

Metachrome Bordeaux R 

Metachromc red G 

Milling orange G 

Milling yellow H5G 

Milling yellow O 

Monochrome blue black B 

Naphthol blue black S 

Naphthogene blue B 

Neolan black WA 

Neolan blue GO 

Neolan Bordeaux R 

Neolan orange R . 

*Oxydiaminogen OB 

Paper red A ex 

Polar orange GS 

'Polar orange R 

Rapidogen blue BN 

♦Rapidogen blue D 

Rapidogen Bordeaux R 

Rapidogen brown GN 

Rapidogen red GS 

♦Rapidogen red RS 

Rapidogen scarlet RS 

Rapidogen yellow G 

♦Rosanthrene fast Bordeaux 2BL.. 

Rosanthrene orange R 

Setacyl direct orange 2R 

Setacyl direct violet B 

Sudan blue G ._ 

Sudan brown 5B .,, 



127, 304. 

11, 127, 304. 

11, 69, 127,304. 

91, 127, 171, 304. 

69,85,91,127,171. 

69, 85, 127, 171, 213. 

304. 

127,171,351. 

171. 

127,171,304,351. 

127, 171, 351. 

171. 

171. 

171,304. 

85, 127. 

85,127,351. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171, 351. 

171. 

171. 

11,171,274,281,304,351. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

69, 85. 127, 171, 304. 

127. 

127. 

127. 

69. 

69,127,171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

69,91,127,171,351. 

11, 127, 171, 304. 

127,171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

85. 

513. 

11. 

11,171. 

304. 

91. 

304. 

91. 

91. 

69,85,91,171. 

91. 

91. 

11,53,171,304. 

171. 

91. 

85, 91, 127, 171, 304. 

171, 351. 

127, 171, 351. 

171, 351. 

171, 351. 

69, 171. 

127, 171, 351. 

69, 171, 351. 

127, 171. 

11,91,127,171,351. 

127, 171, 351. 

127. 

127. 

171. 

171, 



80 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Continued 



Colour 
Index or 

Proto- 
type 
No. 




Manufacturers' identification num ■ 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



180 
181 
182 
186 
187 



190 
191 
192 
193 
194 
195 
197 
198 
199 
201 
202 
20.3 
204 
205 
206 
207 
208 
209 
210 
211 
212 
213 
214 
216 
217 
218 
219 
220 
221 
222 
223 
224 
225 
226 
227 
228 
229 
230 
231 
232 
233 
234 
235 
236 
237 
238 
239 
240 
241 
242 
243 
244 
245 
247 
248 
249 
250 
251 
252 
255 
256 
257 
258 
259 
260 
261 



DYES GROUPED BY FOREIGN PROTOTYPE 
NUMBERS— Continued 

Sudan orange 2R 

Sudan orange RT 

Sudan red BB 

Sulphon orange G _. 

*Sulphon yellow R 

*Supra light rubine BL 

Supramine black BR 

Supramine blue R 

Supramine Bordeaux B 

Supramine brown R 

Supramine red 3B 

Supramine red 2G 

Supramine yellow R 

*Victoria fast violet 2R ex 

Victoria pure blue B 

Victoria violet RL 

♦Zambesi black D 

*Zambesi black V 

Acid anthracene brown KE 

Acid anthracene brown LE-CF 

Acid anthracene brown WSG 

Alizarin fast gray BBLW 

Alizarin supra sky R 

Alphanol brown B 

Amido naphthol brown 3G 

Anthralan red B-CF 

Azosol fast orange G 

Azosol fast orange RR 

Azosol fast red 3B 

Azosol fast scarlet CR 

Azosol fast yellow GR 

Benzo fast Bordeaux 6BL 

Benzo fast brown RL 

Benzoform blue BBL 

Benzo new blue 5B 

Pyramine yellow R 

Brilliant indocyanine 6B-CF 

Brilliant indocyanine G 

Brilliant sulpho flavine FFA,.- 

Celliton blue Q 

Celliton fast blue B_ 

Celliton fast blue FR 

Celliton fast blue FFR 

Celliton fast blue green B - 

Celliton fast brown 3R 

Celliton fast brown 5R 

CeUiton fast navy blue B 

Celliton fast navy blue BR.. 

Celliton fast pink B 

Celliton fast pink FF3B 

Celliton fast red GG 

Celliton fast red violet RN 

Celliton fast rubine B 

Celliton fast rubine 3B 

Celliton fast violet B 

Celliton fast violet 6B._ 

Celliton fast yellow G 

Celliton fast yellow RR 

*Celliton scarlet B 

Celliton yellow 5G 

Chrome fast orange 3RL 

Diamine orange F 

Dianil yellow 5G _ - 

Diazo brown 3R 

Diazo fast yellow 2G 

Diazo fast yellow 3G 

Fast black B salt 

Fast black K salt 

Fast black LB base 

Fast blue BB base, salt 

Fast Bordeaux BD salt -- 

*Fast Bordeaux GP base, salt 

Fast corinth V salt ..,,„,,,,.,. 



69. 

17L 

171. 

11, 171. 

11, 69, 91, 171, 351. 

69, 171, 304. 

11, 171. 

171. 

171. 

11. 

11, 171. 

171. 

171. 

69, 171, 304. 

171. 

91, 127. 

91, 171, 304. 

91, 127, 171, 304. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171.. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

127, 171. 

171. 

171. 

69, 171. 

171- 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

69, 171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

127, 171. 

171. 

69, 127, 171, 512. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

11,69, 171,281,304,351. 

171. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



81 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Continued 




Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



DYES GROUPED BY FOREIGN PROTOTYPE 

NUMBERS— Continued 



Fast garnet GBC base, salt 

Fast garnet GC salt 

*Fast orange GC base, salt 

Fast orange GR salt 

Fast orange RD salt 

Fast red AL salt 

Fast red GL base, salt 

*Fast red SQL salt 

*Fast red KB base 

Fast red RC base, salt 

Fast red RL salt 

*Fast red TR base, salt 

Fast violet B base, salt 

*Fast yellow GC base, salt 

Fastusol orange LGGL 

Fastusol red violet LRL 

Fastusol turquoise blue LGL 

Immedial new blue FBLex 

Immedial new blue 3GL ex 

Indanthrene brilliant orange GR. 
Indanthrene brilliant violet 3B... 

Indanthrene direct black RB 

Indanthrene golden orange 3G 

Indanthrene golden yellow GK... 
Indanthrene golden yellow RK... 

*Indanthrene olive green B 

Indanthrene red FBB 

Monochrome black blue G 

Monochrome red FG 

Monochrome violet FB 

*Naphthol AS 

Naphthol AS-BO 

Naphthol AS-BR 

♦Naphthol AS-BS 

♦Naphthol AS-D 

Naphthol AS-DB 

Naphthol AS-E 

Naphthol AS-G 

Naphthol AS-ITR 

Naphthol AS-OL 

♦Naphthol AS-RL 

Naphthol AS-SW 

♦Naphthol AS-TR 

Neolan orange G 

Neolan yellow GR cone 

Palatine fast blue BN 

Palatine fast green BLN 

Palatine fast marine blue REN... 

Palatine fast orange GEN 

Palatine fast orange GN 

Palatine fast orange RN 

Palatine fast pink BN 

Palatine fast red RN 

Palatine fast violet 3RN 

Palatine fast violet 5RN 

Palatine fast yellow E LN 

Palatine fast yellow GRN 

Pluto black G 

Rapid fast orange RH 

Rapid fast red FQH 

Rapid fast red RH 

Rapid fast yellow GGH 

Rapidogen black MG 

Rapidogen blue N 

Rapidogen blue R 

Rapidogen brown IPT 

Rapidogen golden yellow R 

Rapidogen green B 

Rapidogen orange G 

Rapidogen orange R 

Rapidogen red violet RR 

Rapidogen violet B 

Rapidogen yellow Q 



11, 171, 281. 

171. 

11, 171, 274, 281, 304. 

171, 281. 

171. 

171, 304. 

11, 69, 171. 

11, 171, 274, 281. 

11, 69, 171. 

171, 281, 304. 

171. 

11, 171, 281, 304. 

171. 

171, 274, 281. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

127, 171. 

171, 304. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

69, 127, 171, 304. 

171. 

127, 171. 

171. 

171. 

11, 69, 127, 171, 304. 

11, 171, 281, 304. 

11, 171. 

11, 69, 127, 171, 304. 

11, 69, 127, 171, 304, 351. 

171. 

171. 

11, 171. 

171. 

171, 304, 351. 

11, 171, 304. 

11, 69, 171, 304. 

11, 171, X. 

91. 

91. 

69, 171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171, 304. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171, 512. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

127, 171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

127, 171. 

171, 

117 

171. 

171. 



82 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manujacturer, 1944 — Continued 




DYES GROUPED BY FOREIGN PROTOTYPE 
NUMBERS— Continued 

Rapidogen yellow 2G -- 

Rapidogen yellow GOP _ 

Solamine blue FFG 

Variamine blue BD salt. 

Variamine blue RT salt.. 

UNQROUPED DYES 

Acetate rayon dyes: 
♦Black, IV, IV ex., B, BND, BNF, 2G, 3G, 3GNF, GS, 

J, NS, RB, SN,SS. 
•Blue, IV, XII, BB, BGF, BNN, G, 2Q, GR, R, 3R-_. 

Bordeaux BF, FJA 

Brilliant blue, B, B ex., NR 

Brilliant Bordeaux 3B 

Brilliant red 

Brilliant yellow FFA 

Brown B, BR, G, JS, Y... 

Developed black AD, B, BAM, BBN, BGD, GFS, 
SOL. 

Developed navy SD 

Diazo black, BDN, Q cone, NS... 

Direct red BP 

Direct scarlet GP 

Fast pink RFA 

Fast yellow GL, GLF, L3G 

Fluorescent yellow HEB 

Golden orange I, III 

Golden yellow VIII, IX, XI, XII, XIII, FSI 

OrayNBN 

Heliotrope I --■ 

Light orange FSI 

Navy blue B, BP, BXN, R 

•Orange, BL, GR, GRN cone, JER, R, 2R, 3R, 4R, 
RB. TF. 

Pink II, B 

Pure blue B ex 

Purple 

♦Red, III, VI ex., VII, VIII, B, 2B, BX, FSI, NB, R, 
RP,VOL,Y. 

•Rubine IX, B, C, G, R 

Saphirole blue FFG 

♦Scarlet III, BG, BS, CSB, G, GY 

•Violet II, 3B, 4B, BA, BGF, FSI, 2R, 4R, 3RA, 5RLF. 
♦Yellow #8, #38, G, 5G, 6G, 3GM, GN, 6GN, GS, GX, 
JT, 4RL, RN. 

Acid alizarin Bordeaux BLT 

Acid anthracene yellow OR 

•Acid black, 640, 773, AR, 30, GRF cone, J, RB, ROW 

Acid blue D. R -- 

Acid blue black RG 

Acid brilliant red 3B, 4BL 

Acid brown R, R cone, ROO, SF 

Acid chrome black blue G 

Acid chrome blue 3GNA 

Acid chrome brown DKL, RLL 

Acid chrome olive BL 

Acid chrome yellow ME 

Acid dark green B 

Acid fast brown COS 

Acid fast orange LW 

Acid fast yellow L 

Acid garnet BQ cone 

Acid golden yellow R cone 

Acid green GR, S 

Acid leather brown EBR 

Acid milling orange 4R_ 

Acid milling yellow GN 

Acid navy B, FN 

Acid navy blue, M4B.. 

Acid neutral brown 2RS 

Acid neutral red 3G ex. cone 

Acid orange 2R 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



171. 
171. 
171. 
171. 
171. 



11,127,171,304,456,512. 

11,69,171,304,456. 

69. 

11,127,304,513. 

69. 

127. 

171. 

69, 127, X. 

85, 127, 162. 

11. 

53, 69, 91. 

91. 

91. 

171. 

127,171,456. 

69. 

11. 

11. • 

11. 

11. 

11. 

11, 127, 456. 

11, 69, 127, 304, 456, 512, X. 

11, 304. 

11. 

127. 

11,127, 162, 171, 304, 456, X. 

11,127,456,512. 

85. 

11,162,304,456,512. 

11,127,171,304,456. 

11, 69, 91, 162, 171, 304, 456. 

171. 

85. 

104, 127, 304. 

351. 

127. 

304, 351. 

53, 69, 351. 

91. 

171. 

91. 

91. 

91. 

91. 

127. 

11. 

69. 

363. 

351. 

351, 363. 

171. 

69. 

127. 

512. 

69, 127. 

127. 

11. 

351. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



83 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — -Continued 




Manufacturers' ideutification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



UNGROUPED DYES— Continued 

Acid pink BA 

*Acid red A-lOO, 3B, 3BX, G, GL, OA, RB 

Acid scarlet G, Y 

Acid violet RNL, 2R 

Acid yellow BE, CW, G, 3G, GR 

Alizarin blue GS _ 

Alizarin fast blue RB.. 

Alphazurine B cone 

Amido brilliant red BBA 

Anthracene blue SWN 

Anthracene chrome brown RL 

Anthraquinone blue BGA, 3G, SWB, WSA 

Anthraquibone vat black 2G, J, R 

Anthraquinone vat black brown VA 

* Anthraquinone vat blue CLX, GR, IBC 

Anthraquinone vat blue green B, Y 

Anthraquinone vat brilliant red B 

Anthraquinone vat brilliant yellow 4G 

Anthraquinone vat brown NR, RRD, VR 

Anthraquinone vat dark olive B 

Anthraquinone vat direct black 3G 

Anthraquinone vat flavine GO. 

Anthraquinone vat golden orange YL 

Anthraquinone vat gray 4G, R, M 

•Anthraquinone vat navy blue, BN, BRA, NRD, NTP 

Anthraquinone vat olive, G, GGL, TA 

Anthraquinone vat olive green B 

Anthraquinone vat orange A-lOO, A-200 

Anthraquinone vat printing violet 4R 

Anthraquinone vat red brown DBL 

Anthraquinone vat violet A-lOO, A-200 

Anthraquinone vat yellow 8Q, 3R 

Azoanthrene dyes: 

Black NV 

Golden orange R 

Green G 

Navy BR, CW, LN 

Royal blue L, S 

Rubine S 

Turquoise B 

Scarlet Y 

Yellow Q, GSB. S 

Azo Bordeaux BL 

Azo brilliant orange GRN 

Azo brown BY 

Azo ceresine B._ 

Azo eosine 2B 

Azo fast blue B 

Azo fast brilliant red BA 

Azo fast yellow RCA 

Azo oil black 

Azo oil blue black B 

Azo olive green BL 

Azo orange GCW, ON, GR new, RNC #90, 3RP, RS_ . 

Azo scarlet RBN 

Azoic dyes and their components: 
Dyes: 
Rapid fast: 

BlueB 

Brown IRH , 

Orange O 

Orange GNR : 

Scarlet RH 

Rapid ogen: 

Black DM 

Blue C, G, GDNN, QNN, MSG 

Bordeaux MR . 

Brown 

Dark brown AR, R 

Golden yellow MRS, N 

Navy blue FFR 

Orange FFR 

Red FFBB, FFG, FFR, G, GNN, IP, ITR 

Scarlet, FFG, FFR, R, RBY 

Yellow, FFG G... 



91. 

53, 91, 127, 351. 

351. 

363, 512. 

91,304,351. 

304. 

304. 

304. 

171. 

304. 

513. 

127. 

69, 304. 

171. 

127, 171, 304. 

127, 304. 

127. 

127. 

11,127,304. 

11. 

127. 

304. 

127. 

69,304. 

11,09,127,171. 

127, 171. 

11. 

127. 

11. 

11. 

127. 

127. 

X. 
X. 
X. 

X. 

X. 

X. 

X. 

X. 

X. 

351. 

351. 

351. 

69. 

127. 

304. 

171. 

171. 

304. 

304. 

351. 

351. 

351. 



171. 

171. 

351. 

69. 

171. 

127. 

127,351. 

127. 

351. 

127, 171. 

127,351. 

171. 

171. 

127, 171, 351. 

127,171,^51. 

171,351. 



84 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by mamifacturer , 1944 — Continued 



Colour 
Index or 
Proto- 
type 
No. 



Dye 



Manufacturers* identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



UNQROUPED DYES— Continued 

Azoic dyes and their components— Continued 
Components: 
Fast color bases: 

Ponceau L 

Red, B, PDC 

Scarlet GG, RC --. 

Fast color salts: 

BlueB - --- 

Ponceau L 

Red B, G, 2G, 3G 

Scarlet R 

Fur dyes: 

Nyanzol NZA. NZDA, NZDP, NZF 

Nyanzol berry blue --- 

Nyanzol fusion #W387 

Nyanzol gray #G02A, BCA 

Naphthols: 

AS-BG 

AS-GR 

AS-OP 

AS-PN 

Benzoform dyes: 

Blue GGAex., GS 

Blue green BA 

Brown L3RA-- - - 

Gray M. _ 

Red7B, G 

Rubine BA. 

Violet BB 

Benzol brown R. 

Brilliant acid blue 3B 

Brilliant benzo green BA, BACF 

Brilliant blue 5B 

Brilliant wool blue G ex., N 

Chromate brilliant brown RL 

Chromate brown 

Chrome black FA ex., 3G 

Chrome blue ATX 

Chrome brilliant orange 2R 

Chrome brown 2AB, B, DK, HN, O, PD, PG 

Chrome fast black SG 

Chrome fast green SP 

Chrome fast red 2RL 

Chrome fast yellow R. 

Chrome green B, CB, G 

Chrome orange, RL, 3R 

Chrome red G 

*Chrome yellow FTL, 2G, 2GN, SSN, SW 

CibablueBR 

Cloth red Y._ 

Cotton black 3G 

Croceine scarlet FP-- 

Developed black G 

Developed blue B, 3G, 6G, 5GL 

'Developed Bordeaux 7B, 2BL 

Developed brilliant orange GRS 

Developed brilliant scarlet 2BL, GL 

Developed brown R 

Developed fast Bordeaux 2BL 

Developed fast brown RK 

Developed fast violet BL 

Developed fast yellow 2Q 

Developed green BL, 2GL, GW 

Developed indigo blue BRRA. 

Developed orange DD, GRN, 2R, 3R, RFW, WD 

♦Developed red 2B, BFW, 7BL 

Developed rubine B - 

Developed scarlet A, 2BLN, FW, GFW, N 

Developed violet BRD, RR 

Diaminogen NAA 

Diazophen red BTB 

Diazophen yellow BTB 

♦Direct black CAM, CW, 3G, 5G, NCW^ 

♦Direct blue 2B, BR, FFGL, 5G, KHB, NR, RDW, VRS 
Direct blue green B, CW 



11. 

11,171,281. 

11,171,274,281. 

11,171,281,351. 
11. 

171,274.281,304,351. 
11,171,274,281,304. 

85. 
85. 
85. 
85. 

11,171. 
171. 
351. 
60. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

104. 

304. 

171. 

304. 

304. 

85. 

513. 

304. 

127. 

11. 

91, 127, 304. 

171. 

513. 

127. 

127. 

91, 304. 

127, 304. 

304. 

85,127,171,304. 

124. 

91. 

512. 

304. 

91 

91, 127. 

11, 85, 304. 

85. 

85. 

127. 

85. 

127. 

127. 

304. 

127. 

171. 

11, 127, 171. 304. 

11,91,127,304. 

85. 

11, 127. 

11, 127. 

171. 

69. 

69. 

91, 171, 304, 512, X. 

11, 53, 69, 85, 304. 

11. 304. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



85 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes Jor which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Continued 



Colour 
Index or 

Proto- 
type 
No. 




Manufacturers' identiflcationnum- 
bers (accordinglto list in table 22) 



UNGROUPED DYES— Continued 

Direct Bordeaux B 

Direct brilliant blue BFL 

Direct brilliant cerise 

Direct brilliant orange RS 

Dii'ect brilliant red 12B 

♦Direct brilliant violet B, 4B, R 

Direct brilliant yellow 8G 

^Direct brown BGA/CF, C WR/GB, GKA, G2R,3GS, KRS 
N, R, RB, RBA. 

Direct copper blue RRX 

Direct fast black AM, FOR, FTC, G, PG 

♦Direct fast blue 6GKS, GL, 8GL, R, RL, SRL 

Direct fast Bordeaux 2B 

♦Direct fast brown BRL, FW, 4GL, LBRSA, R, 4R, 2RL, 

3YL. 
Direct fast catechine GA 

♦Direct fast gray BL, GL, 2GL, LVGLA, LVL, RLN 

Direct fast olive brown RL 

♦Direct fast orange G, 2G, 4G, GL, 2GL, R, 4RL, 5RL, 2RN, 

RT. 
Direct fast pink 2B 

♦Direct fast red, 3BL, 8BLN, 8BLSW 

Direct fast rubine B, LB 

Direct fast scarlet G 

Direct fast violet 5BL, BRL 

Direct fast yellow 4GL, 5GL, LRA 

Direct golden yellow R 

Direct gray BBC 

Direct green B, GB, 5GSC, 2Y 

Direct light yellow RL 

Direct navy G, R 

♦Direct navy blue B, DB, RY 

Direct neutral blue G 

Direct new blue 5B 

Direct orange BA 

Direct red G, R 

Direct rhoduline BA/CF 

Direct rubine G 

Direct scarlet G 

Direct silk blue NR 

Direct speck dye red SW 

Direct violet 2R 

Direct violet black 

Direct viscose blue GGS, GS, RS . 

Direct yellow S3G, S5GP-. 

Fast acid brown RG 

Fast acid light red B 

Fast acid orange RW 

Fast acid red BBLA 

Fast acid yellow GS 

Fast black G 

Fast Bordeaux BN 

Fast brown FN, MF 

Fast crimson R 

Fast light red BL, 4BA 

Fast olive brown G 

Fast orange 4RN, YF 

Fast pink N 

Fast spirit black R 

Fast spirit brown G 

Fast spirit orange R 

Fast spirit yellow 2R 

Fast yellow 2G, N 

Fluorescent green 

Fluorescent purple 2G 

FluorolSG - 

Formaldehyde black B 

Formaldehyde fast black GR 

Formaldehyde scarlet Y 

Formalide brown RD 

Formalide deep blue R 

Formanol black RW 

Gasoline blue - . 

Gasoline yellow 2G 

Helio fast rubine 4BLA 

Igenal brown CRTA, ITGA, PGMA 



304. 

304. 

69. 

91. 

304. 

11, 91, 304. 

304. 

11,69,85,91,171,304,512. 

127. 

11, 127,171.304. 

127, 304, X. 

304. 

11, 85, 127, 171, 304, X. 

85. 

127, 171, 304, X. 

11. 

85, 91, 127, 304, X. 

11. 

11, 85, 171, X. 

127, 304. 

304. 

11. 304. 

171, 304. 

351. 

X. 

11, 69, 127, 304. 

91. 

11, 69. 

91, 127, 512. 

351. 

91. 

171. 

11. 

171. 

11. 

11. 

171. 

304. 

11. 

91. 

171. 

304. 

304. 

91. 

91. 

171. 

304. 

69. 

69. 

69. 

304. 

171, 304. 

69. 

69. 



69. 

69. 

499. 

304. 

171. 

91. 

53. 

91. 

512. 

512. 

X. 

69, 85. 

69. 

171. 

171. 



86 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Continued 



Colour 
Index or 
Proto- 
type 
No. 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



UNQROUPED DYES— Continued 

Indigo vat black : 

Indigo vat brown G 

Tndigo vat printing black G 

Indigo vat scarlet 2QN 

Jet black APX 

Lake pink RL 

Lake yellow PL 

Leather brown 5RTA 

Methyl violet 3RA 

Milling fast garnet R. 

Milling fast red FF, GD 

Milling navy blue 4B 

Milling orange Q 

Milling red B 

Milling yellow 3Q. 2QCW, NGS, XN 

Mordant green SN... --- 

Naphthol navy blue M 

Neutral brown GH 

Neutral silk brown RHS, RWA 

Neutral silk yellow GGA._ 

Oil brown #79, #102, D, M, Y 

Oil fast blue R 

Oil fast yellow EG 

Oil mahogany #51 

■Oil orange, #30, MT, 2R 

Oil pink B 

■Oil red, #322, EGN, G, 1-1471, N-1700, OB, XO, Y-292. 

Oil scarlet X-9995 

Oil soluble azoic yellow 

Oil yellow, PHW 

Palatine fast blue 5RNA/CF 

Paper white GDC 

Phosphine PB 

Pigment rubine 3G 

Polyform dyes: 

Blue BRF. 2RF 

Bordeaux RF 

Dark brown 3BF 

Dark maroon OF 

Orange RF 

Scarlet RF 

Yellow GF 

Pyrazol fast orange GL 

Pyrazoline dyes: 

Black 

BlueCF 

BlueR 

Blue2RCF 

RedBLW 

Resin brilliant red R 

Resin brown Z 

Resin royal blue #51591 

Resin sky blue #51590 

Resorcin brown RP, 2YDS 

Rosanthrene orange 

Rubber colors 

Silk black 4BF . 

Spirit soluble blue 

Spirit soluble fast black... 

Spirit soluble fast blue B 

Spirit soluble fast orange A 

Spirit soluble fast red M, Y 

Spirit soluble fast yellow 3G 

Spirit soluble green 

Spirit soluble violet 

Stilbene orange E36 

Sudan corinth B 

Sudan dark brown BG 

Supranol yellow RA 

Toluylene fast brown 3GA 

Victoria blue BGO 

Visco blue RS_ 

Wool navy B 

Zambesi black BG 



124. 

304, 471. 

304. 

304. 

127. 

304. 

304. 

171. 

171. 

85. 

85. 

304. 

351. 

304, 351. 

304. 

69. 

91. 

304. 

85. 

85. 

162, 304. 

11. 

127. 

69. 

69, 104, 162, 339. 

304. 

11, 69, 104, 162, 304, 339. 

69. 

X. 

69, 339. 

171. 

171. 

69. 

171. 

127. ■ 

127. 

127. 

127. 

127. 

127. 

127. 

91. 

351. 

351. 

351. 

351. 

351. 

304. 

304. 

304. 

304. 

69, 171. 

127. 

127. 

91. 

513. 

304. 

304. 

304. 

304. 

304. 

513. 

513. 

69. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

202. 

91. 

304. 

91. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



87 



LAKES AND TONERS 



Table 12B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Lakes and toners for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 

[Lakes and toners for which separate statistics are given in table 12A are marked below with an asterisk (*); 
those not so marked do not appear in table 12A because the reported data are confidential and may not 
be published. Manufacturers are identified by numbers in the alphabetical list appearing in table 22. 
An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number with 
the designated product] 



Product 



Manufacturers' identification numbers (according to 
list in table 22) 



LAKES OR LAKE COLORS 

*Black lakes: 

Nigrosine 

AH other 

*Blue lakes: 

Brilliant wool blue 

*Indanthrene blue 

*Methylene blue 

*Peacock blue (Patent blue) 

Turquoise blue 

" Victoria blue 

All other . 

*Brown lakes: 

Bismarck brown, tannic 

All other 

* Green lakes: 

*Acid green 

Malachite green 

*Naphthol green 

* Pigment green 

All other 

Maroon lakes: 

♦Alizarin maroon 

Amaranth 

*Azo Bordeaux 

*E[elio fast rubine . 

Hypernic 

Quinizarine maroon 

All other 

* Orange lakes: 

Acid orange 

*Persian orange 

All other 

Red lakes: 
*Alizarin red 

Cochineal lake 

*Eosine and phloxine 

Pigment scarlet 

Naphthol red 

*Rhodamine 

*Rose and pink lakes 

♦Scarlet 2R 

All other 

♦Violet lakes: 

Acid violet 

♦Methyl violet 

All other 

♦Yellow lakes: 

Auramine 

♦Fast light yellow 

♦Naphthol yellow 

Quercitron 

♦Quinoline yellow 

♦Tartrazine 

All other 



190. 

36, 89, 193, 240, 277, 513. 

235. 

127, 193, 212, 232. 

127, 266, 416, 446. 

3, 18, 60, 69, 71, 132, 190, 202, 204, 212, 225, 240, 252, 266, 

277, 376, 389, 413, 416, 446, 490, 513. 
46, 413. 

69, 190, 266, 277, 498. 
21, 36, 60, 89, 101, 132, 212, 277. 

240. 

36, 101, 513. 

18, 190, 212, 240, 266. 

212. 

54, 132, 193, 490. 

54, 235, 413, 498. 

36, 60, 89, 101, 127, 132, 153, 277, 463. 

46, 193, 235, 285, 513. 

71, 240, 413. 

18, 60, 127, 132, 204, 212, 232, 285, 357, 376, 413, 463, 490. 

18, 60, 101, 127, 132, 204, 212, 232, 357, 413, 463, 490. 

212. 

513. 

89, 132, 190, 498. 

190, 498. 

18, 69, 71, 76, 101, 202, 212, 225, 240, 252, 266, 277, 376, 389, 

416, 446, 490. 
21, 60, 89, 212, 235, 277, 416. 

18, 69, 127, 193, 212, 240, 277, 357, 413, 416. 

174. 

60, 69, 89, 132, 212, 277, 416, 446. 

18, 36, 60, 127, 204, 240, 277, 357, 376, 490, 513. 

69, 235. 

127, 190, 212, 277. 

21, 36, 71, 232, 277, 413, 490, X. 

18, 21, 60, 69, 76, 89, 127, 132, 190, 212, 232. 240, 277, 413, 

463, 490, 498. 
60, 69, 127, 132, 235, 277, 413, 416. 

101, 266. 

18, 60, 69, 101, 132, 190, 240, 266, 277, 376, 413, 446. 463, 490. 

513. 
21,89,204. 

101, 277. 

18, 69, 204, 240, 266, 277, 446. 

18, 153, 204, 212, 266, 416, 446. 

127, 212. 

212, 225, 252, 266, 376, 416, 446. 

18, 69, 71, 101, 132, 202, 204, 212, 225, 240, 252, 266, 277, 376, 

416, 446. 
36, 89, 204. 



88 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 12B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Lakes and toners jor which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Continued 



Product 



Manufacturers' identification numbers (according to 
list in table 22) 



TONERS OR FULL-STRENGTH COLORS 

Black toners: PMA black 

•Blue toners: 

Alkali blue 

Dianisidine blue 

Phthalocyanine blue B 

Phthalocyanine blue Q 

Phthalocyanine blue SBL 

Pigment blue, AVNL and GNL 

PMA Peacock blue 

*PMA Victoria blue 

PMA Blue, other... 

•PTA Peacock blue 

*PTA Victoria blue. 

•PTA Blue, other 

All other 

•Brown toners: 

Havana brown 

PMA Brown 

All other 

•Green toners: 

•PMA Brilliant green 

•PTA Brilliant green 

•Brilliant green, other 

•PMA Malachite green 

•PTA Malachite green 

PTMA Malachite green 

PMA Green, other 

•PTA Green, other 

Phthalocyanine green 

Pigment green 

All other 

Maroon toners: 

Indo maroon 

•Lithol maroon 

Lithosol Bordeaux 

•orNaphthylamine maroon 

•Toluidine maroon 

All other 

Orange toners: 

Benzidine orange 

Dianisidine orange 

*2,4-Dinitroaniline orange 

*o-Nitroaniline orange. 

Vulcan fast orange O 

All other 

•Red toners: 

*o-Chloronitroaniline red 

p-Chloronitroaniline red 

•Eosineand phloxine 

Oentex red 

Lithol scarlet 2YLN 

•Lithol red 

•Lithol rubine 

Naphthanil red 

•Para red, light 

•Para red, dark 

•Permanent red 2B 

•PMA Red 

•PTA Rhodamine B 

•PTA Rhodamine Y ... 

•PTA Red, other 

•Red lake C 

•Red lakoD 

Red lake P 

Rubine 3G 

•Toluidine red 

Vulcan fast red B 

All other 



463. 

69, 204, 252. 439. 

193. 

17l', 193, 204, 212, 416, 463, 490. 

490. 

171, 490. 

171. 

212 240. 

18, 71, 127, 204, 212, 240, 252, 266, 446, 463. 

60, 132, 202. 

69, 101, 153, 202, 277, 416. 

3, 69, 101, 127, 153, 193, 204, 212, 266, 277, 413, 416. 463. 

490, 513. 
60, 101, 127, 202, 266. 
21, 202. 

71. 

235. 

101. 



202, 240, 252, 416, 463. 

i9, 101, 127, 212, 277, 413, 490, 513. 

101, 266,446,490. 

, 202, 252, 416, 446. 

101. 127, 153, 204, 212. 

132, 212. 
132, 212, 413. 
, 204, 490. 
, 212, 413, 490. 



71, 
3, ( 
21, 
153 
69, 
18. 
60, 
60, 
171 
127 
266 

193. 

18, 127, 193, 202, 212, 240, 357, 413, 463. 

498. 

212, 232, 357. 

127, 193, 212, 232, 413, 463. 

127. 

212. 

439. 

18, 127, 204, 212, 376, 413, 513. 

153, 204, 212, 232, 357, 376, 413, 446, 463, 490. 

171. 

202, 204. 

18, 132, 204, 212, 240, 376, 413, 439, 490, 498, 513. 

127, 204, 212, 490. 

69, 76, 153, 202, 225, 252, 416, 446. 

171. 

127. 

18, 69, 71, 101, 127, 153, 193, 202, 204, 212, 240, 252, 376, 389, 

413, 416, 439, 446, 463, 490, 498, 513. 
18, 60, 101, 127, 153, 193, 202, 204, 212, 232, 240, 266, 376, 

413, 416, 439, 446, 463, 490. 
127. 
18, 60, 69, 71, 127, 132, 193, 202, 204, 212, 232, 240, 252, 357, 

376, 439, 463, 490, 498, X. 
18, 21, 60, 69, 71, 127, 132, 153, 193, 202, 204, 212, 232, 240, 

252, 357, 376, 389, 416, 439, 463, 490, 498, X. 
127,153,171,212,416. 
101, 212, 252, 446. 

69, 71, 101, 127, 153, 204, 212, 240, 277, 413, 416, 463. 
18, 69, 71, 101, 127, 153, 193, 204, 212, 240, 277, 413, 416, 513. 
60, 69, 202, 416. 
3, 18, 69, 71, 76, 101, 127, 153, 193, 202, 204, 212, 225, 240, 

252, 376, 389, 413, 416, 439, 446. 463. 
71, 193, 212, 240, 2,^2, 376, 416, 513. 
513. 
212. 
18, 21, 69, 71, 127, 132, 153, 193, 204, 212, 232, 240, 357, 376, 

389, 413, 416, 439, 463, 490, 498, X. 
171. 
60, 69, 101, 127, 132, 193, 212, 232, 439. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



89 



Table 12B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Lakes and toners for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Continued 



Product 



Manufacturers' identification numbers (according to 
list in table 22) 



TONERS OR FULL-STRENGTH 
COLORS— Continued 

Violet toners: 

•Methyl violet, other than PMA or PTA 

•PMA Methyl violet 

•PMA Violet, other, 

'PTA Methyl violet 

•PTA Violet, other 

All other 

♦Yellow toners: 

•Benzidine yellow 

p-Chloro-o-nitroanUine yellow 

Gentex yellow 

•Hansa yellow 

Lithol yellow 

Vulcan fast yellow G 

All other 

EXTENDED OR REDUCED TONERS 

Black toners, reduced; 

PTA Black 

•Blue toners, reduced: 

Alkali blue 

PMA Peacock blue - 

•PMA Victoria blue 

•PMA Blue, other 

*PTA Peacock blue 

PTA Blue, other 

•Phthalocyanine blue B 

•Phthalocyanine blue G 

Phthalocyanine blue, other 

All other 

Brown toners, reduced: 

Pigment khaki 

Green toners, reduced: 

Nitroso green 

•PMA Brilliant green 

PMA Malachite green 

PMA Green, other 

•PTA Brilliant gi-een 

PTA Malachite green 

PTA Green, other 

Phthalocyanine green 

Pigment green B 

Shamrock green 

All other 

•Maroon toners, reduced: 

a-Naphthylamine maroon 

p-Phenetidine maroon 

•Orange toners, reduced: 

o-Nitroaniline orange 

All other 

•Red toners, reduced: 

p-Chloronitroaniline red 

Eosine and phloxine 

*Lithol red 

•Lithol rubuie 

p-Nitro-o-anisidine-naphthanil 

p-Nitro-o-toluidine-naphthanil 

•Para red, light 

•Para red, dark 

Permaton red 

Permanent red 2B 

Phenylmethylpyrazolone dianisidine 

Red lake 2B 

•Red lake C 

Red lake D 

PMA Red 

•PTA Rhodamine B 

*PTA Rhodamine Y 

PTA Rubine 3G 

PTA Red, other 

Scarlet 2YL 

•Toluidine red 

All other 



3, 18, 60, 101, 130, 204, 212, 252, 266, 439, 464. 
3, 71, 101, 127, 204. 212, 277, 416, 446, 490. 
60, 130, 132, 202, 240, 252, 266, 357, 376, 463. 
69, 101, 127, 193, 204, 212, 277, 416, 446, 490. 
60, 127, 153, 240, 266, 376, 413, 463. 
277, 446. 

69, 127, 193, 204, 212, 376, 413, 416. 446, 513. 

376. 

171. 

18, 71, 127, 171, 193, 202, 204, 212, 225, 240, 252, 376, 413, 

416, 446, 513. 
171. 
171. 
101, 204. 



101. 

69. 

18, 212. 

18, 101, 190, 204. 

60, 69, 101, 204. 

101, 204, 212, 416. 

60, 101, 127, 212. 

54, 101, 127, 132, 193, 204, 232, 235, 240, 318, 490, 498. 

171, 190, 490. 

235, 498. 

127, 463. 

171, 

235 

18,89,101,127,277. 

190, 204, 266. 

212. 

101,' 127, 212. 

190. 

60, 101, 127. 

127, 132, 490. 

127. 

413. 

190, 204, 232. 

54. 
490. 

54, 413, 490. 
101, 153. 

127. 

416. 

18, 60, 101, 127, 153, 190, 204, 240, 389, 416, 490. 

18, 60, 101, 127, 204, 212, 389, 416. 

127. 

127. 

18, 60, 71, 132, 204, 212, 240, 357, 490, X. 

60, 71, 127, 132, 204, 212, 232, 240, 357, 389, 490, 498. 

69. 

127. 

127. 

127, 490. 

18, 153, 204, 240, 490. 

416. 

60, 101. 

101, 127, 416. 

54, 101, 204, 277, 416, 446. 

127. 

60, 101, 127. 

127. 

18, 54, 60, 101, 127, 132, 190, 204, 212, 240, 357, 413, 490, X. 

69, 101, 153, 190, 204, 266, 463. 



90 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 12B.- — Synthetic organic chemicals: Lakes and toners for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Continued 



Product 



EXTENDED OR REDUCED TONERS 
Continued 

Violet toners, reduced: 

PMA Methyl violet 

*PMA Violet, other 

•PTA Methyl violet 

•PTA Violet, other 

Methyl violet, other than PMA or PTA_. 
♦Yellow toners, reduced: 

Benzidine yellovi^ 

*Hansa yellow 

All other 

All other 



Manufacturers' identification numbers (according to 
list in table 22) 



71, 153, 190, 202, 204. 
IH, 101, 446. 
127, 212. 
60, 101. 



212, 413. 

18, 54, 127, 132, 212, 235, 413. 

101. 

204, 251. 



Note.— The abbreviations PMA, PTA, and PTMA stand for phosphomolybdic acid, phosphotungstie 
acid, and phosphotungstomolybdic acid, respectively. 

MEDICINALS 

Table 13B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 

[Medicinals for which separate statistics are given in table 13 A are marked below with an asteri.sk (*); me- 
dicinals not so marked do not appear in table 13A because the reported data are confidential and may not 
be published. Manufacturers are identified by numbers in the alphabetical list appearing in table 22. 
An X signifies "that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number 
with thedesignatcd product] 



Chemical 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC 

Benzenoid 
•Acetanilide 

Acetol salicylate (l-Hydroxy-2-propanone salicylate) 

Acetophenetidm (Phenacetin) 

2-Acetoxymercuri-4-di-isobuty Iphenol 

*Acetyl-p-aminopheny 1 salicylate (Phenetsal) 

Acetylarsan 

Acetylgly col salicylate 

•N-Acetyl-4-hydroxy-m-arsanilicacid (Acetarsone) (Stovarsol) 

*Acetylsalicy lie acid (Aspirin) 

* Acetyltannic acid (Tannigen) (Tannyl acetate) 

3-Amino-4-acetoxyphenylarsonicacid 

Amino acids, derived from proteins: 

3,5-Di-iodotyrosine-.- 

dl-Phenylalanine 

1-Tyrosine 

•p-Aminobenzoic acid derivatives: 

n-Amylaminoethyl p-aminobenzoate hydrochloride (Amylsine 
hydrochloride). 

n-Butyl p-aminobenzoate (Butesin) 

Di(n-butyl-p-aminobenzoate)trinitrophenol (Butesin picrate) 

3-Di-n-butylamiuopropyl p-aminobenzoate (Butacaine baso) 

3-Di-n-butylaminopropyl p-amiuobenzoate hydrochloride (Buta- 
caine hydrochloride). 
3-Di-n-butylaminopropyl p-aminobenzoate sulfate (Butacame 
sulfate) . 

^-Diethylaminoethyl p-aminobenzoate (Procaine base) 

0-Diethylaminoethyl p-aminobenzoate derivatives: 

Procaine borate . 

♦Procaine hydrochloride 

a-Dimethylamino-a,^-dimethylpropyl p-aminobenzoate hydro- 
chloride (Tutocaine hydrochloride). 
2-Dimethylammoethyl p-butylaminobenzoate hydrochloride 
(Tetracaine hydrochloride). 

•Ethyl p-aminobenzoate (Benzocaine) (Anaesthesine) 

Isobutyl p-aminobenzoate- -- 

Isobutylaminoeth y 1 p-aminobenzoate (Monocaine) 

Propyl p-aminobcnzoate. - 

p-Aminohippuric acid 

3-Amino-4-hydroxyphenylarsine oxide hydrochloride (Mapharsen). 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



94, 124, 282, 298. 

88 

124, 165, 298. 

397. 

50, 86, 157, 165, 501. 

198. 

165. 

1, 286, 501. 

45, 124, 142, 222, 298, X. 

88, 157, 234, 244, 501. 

501. 

149. 
286. 
286. 

325. 

1. 
1. 
1. 
1. 

1. 

1, 169, 501. 

1, 406, 501. 

1,48,69, 165, 169,501, X. 

501. 

501. 

1, 48, 165, 169, 286, 325, 405, 501. 

165. 

48. 325. 

165. 

304. 

338. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



91 



Table 13B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Con. 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Ben zenoid — C ontinued 

•3-Amiuo-4-hydroxyphenyldichloroarsine hydrochloride (Dichloro- 
phenarsine hydrochloride) . 

4-Amino-2-methyl-l-naphthol hydrochloride (Synkamin) 

Arsphenamine -- 

•Benzaldehyde 

Benzochrome 

Benzoic acid 

•Benzoic acid salts: 

Lithium benzoate 

Magnesium benzoate _- 

Benzoylethyldimethylaminoisopropanol (Stovaine) 

Benzopyrene r. 

•Benzyl benzoate 

Benzyl methyl ketone 

Benzyl succinate 

Bismuth araphenaminesulfonate . 

Bismuth iodosubgallate - 

Bismuth-^-naphthol 

Bismuth subbenzoate 

•Bismuth subgallate ^ 

•Bisnuith subsalicylate 

Bismuth tetrabromopyrocatcchol 

Bismuth tribromophenate 

m-Bromoacetophenyl benzoate (Keoxyn) 

tert-Butylcresol (Cresophan).^ 

Calcium benzyl phthalate 

Calcium eresolsulfonate 

Calcium iodoxy benzoate 

p-Carbamidobenzenearsonic acid (Carbasone) 

Catechol (Pyrocatechin), resublimed ._ 

Chloromercuri-4-nitro-o-cresol 

o-Chloromercuriphenol 

Chloro thymol 

m-Cresyl acetate (Cresatin) 

*dl-Desoxyephedrine, d-desoxyephedriue hydrochloride (Methed- 
rine), and dl-desoxyephedrine hydrochloride. 

Diacetylaminoazotoluene 

3,4'-Di(acetylamino)-4-hydroxy-2'-phenoxyacetic acid arsenoben- 

zene, sodium salt (Solusalvarsan). 
p.p'-Diaminodiphenylsulfone-N.N'-diCdextrose sodium sulfonate) - -. 

2,5-Diaminotoluene sulfate 

1,2,5,6-Dibenzanthracene 

7-Diethylaminopropyl cinnamate hydrochloride (Apothesine hy- 
drochloride) . 

•Diethylstilbestrol. 

Diethylstilbestrol dimethyl ether 

Diethylstilbestrol dipropionate 

m-Dihydroxy-di-(soc)hexylhenzene ( Dihexylin) 

3,4-Dihydroxy-a-methylaminoacetopheiione hydrochloride (Keph- 
rine hydrochloride). 

1,3-Dihydroxynaphthalene (Naphthoresorcinol) 

2,4-Di(p-hydroxyphenyl)-3-ethylhexane (Octafollin) 

3,4-Dihydroxy phenylethylmethylamine CE pinine) 

0-(3,5-Di-iodo-4-hydroxyphenyl) -a-phenylpropionic acid 

l-Dimethylamino-2-(dimethylaminomethyl)-2-butanol benzoate 
hydrochloride (Alypin hydrochloride). 

dl-Dimethylaminoethanolcatechol (Me thadren) 

Dioxyanthranol ( Anthralin) 

Diphenylacetyldiethylaminoethanol hydrochloride 

Diphenyleneglycolylurea sodium 

Disodium acetarsonate 

Disodium hydroxymercurisalicyloxy acetate (Mercurosal) 

Disodium -4-sulfaminophenyl-2-azo-7-acetylamino-l-hydroxynaph- 

thalene-3,6-disulfonate. 
•Dyes, medicinal: 

Acriviolet 

Brilliant green 

3,6-Diaminoacridine dihydrochloride 

3,6-Diaminoacridinp sulfate (Proflavine) 

3,6-Diamino-lO-methylacridine chloride (Acriflavine) 

Dibromohydroxymercurifluorescein, sodium salt (Mercurochrome) 

Gentian violet 

Methylene blue 

Methyl violet _ - 

697646—46 7 



1,338,420,501. 

338. 

121, 280, 501. 

165, 201, 457, 475. 

396. 

127, 205, 298. 

88, 198, X. 

405. 

280. 

135. 

157, 165, 229, 278, 414, 474, X. 

165,418. 

157, 286, 405. 

1. 

88, 198. 

286. 

286. 

269, 286, 313, 350, 426. 

269, 286, 313. 

198. 

88, 157, 286, 396, X. 

121. 

165. 

157. 

501. 

418. 

65, 198, 255, 280. 

X. 

1. 

137. 

286. 

406. 

57, 65, 144, 234. 

137. 
501. 

338. 
134. 
135. 
338. 

1,57,65,255,426,483, X. 

57, 243, 255. 

57, X. 

338. 

501. 

400. 
397. X. 
65. 
X. 
501. 

243. 
1. 

90. 

287. 
501. 
338. 
501. 



304, 
304. 
1, 269. 
1, 269, 304. 
1.304. 
88. 211. 
304. 
69, 304. 
304. 



92 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 13B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Con. 



Chemical 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Ben zenoid— Continued 

*Dyes, medicinal— Continued 

Parafuchsine 

Scarlet red (Phenol red)... 

Tetraiodophenolphthalein and sodium salt 

Trypan blue 

1-Ephedrtne, synthetic, and salts 

Ephedrine, racemic, and salts 

Ephedrine derivatives: 

Ephedrine benzoate 

Ephedrine cinnamate 

Ephedrine ethylmercurithiosalicylate 

pseudo-Ephedrine hydrochloride 

Ethyl-p-diethoxydiphenylamidine hydrochloride 

n-Ethylephedrine hydrochloride 

Ethyliodophenylundecylate (Pantopaque) 

Gallic acid 

Qermanin .-. 

Ouaiacol 

Guaiacol, liquid 

Hexamethyleneamine acetaminosalicylic acid (Salihexin) 

Hexestrol (3',4-Di-p-hydroxyphenyl-n-hexane) 

Hexylresorcinol 

Homoveratrylamine 

Hydroquinone n-amyl ether (Amol) 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid esters: 

n-Butyl p-hydroxy benzoate (Butoben) 

Ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

Propyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

Hydroxymercuri-4-nitro-o-cresol anhydride 

p-Hydroxyphenylisopropylamine hydrobromide 

o-Hydroxyphenylmercuric chloride 

o-Iodobenzoic acid _ 

o-Iodosobenzoic acid 

Lithium hippurate 

Mandelicacid 

Mandelic acid salts: 

Ammonium mandelate 

Calcium mandelate 

Sodium mandelate 

1-Methylaminoethanol catechol (Epinephrine).— 

Methyl m-amino-p-hydroxybenzoate (Orthoform) 

3-3'-Methylenebis(4-hydroxycoumarin) (Dicumarol) 

Monoethanolamine mandelate 

a-Naphthol 

^-Naphthoxyacetic acid _ 

*^-Naphthyl benzoate 

0-Naphthyl salicylate.- 

*Neoarsphenamine 

Neo-synephrin hydrochloride.. 

Phenacaine hydrochloride (Di-(p-ethoxyphenyl)acetamidine) 

Phenolphthalein 

*Phenolsulfonic acid salts: 

Ammonium phenolsulfonate 

Bismuth phenolsulfonate 

Calcium phenolsulfonate 

Copper phenolsulfonate 

Sodium phenolsulfonate 

Zinc phenolsulfonate 

r^-Phenylisopropylamine and sulfate (Amphetamine and sulfate)... 

Phenylmercuric acetate 

Phenylraercuric benzoate 

Phenylmercuric borate 

Phenylmercuric chloride 

Phenylmercuric nitrate 

Phenylmercuric salicylate 

Phenylpropanolamine hydrochloride (Propadrine hydrochloride).. 

Phenyl salicylate (Salol) 

Propenylmethylguaethol 

Resorcinol 

Resorcinol monoaeetate 

•Salicylic acid 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



304. 

304. 

48,65,269,286,304. 

304. 

286. 

286. 

255. 

255. 

255. 

65. 

501. 

287. 

134. 

269. 

501. 

298. 

201. 

1. 

287, 483, X. 

406. 

165. 

406. 

165, 201, 286. 

201. 

165, 201. 

165, 201. 

1. 

418. 

65, 137. 

134, 418. 

418. 

338. 

269, 286. 

286, 426. 

1, 269, 286. 

269, 286. 

278, 501. 

501. 

287. 

255. 

157. 

134. 

86, 157, 286. 

157, 198. 

1, 121,286,426,501. 

444. 

169, 488. 

298. 

124. 

286. 

124, 269, 286. 

269, 286. 

124,269,286. 

124,269,286. 

234, 418, X. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

406. 

124. 

165. 

127, X. 

134, 157, 405. 

124, 201, 286, 298. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



93 



Table 13B.— Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944~~Con. 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC- Continued 

Benzenoid— Continued 

♦Salicylic acid salts: 

Arnmonium salicylate 

Calcium salicylate 

Lithium salicylate 

Magnesium salicylate 

♦Sodium salicylate 

Strontium salicylate. 

Salicylsalicylic acid 

Silver arsphenamine 

Sodium p-aminophenylarsonate 

Sodium antimony III bis-catechol-2,4-disuironate (Fuadin) 

Sodium ethylmercurithiobenzene sulfonate 

Sodium ethylmercurithiosalicylate 

Sodium o-io'dohippurate 

Sodium methylenesulfonaminohydroxyphenyl arsenate (Aldarsone). 

Sodium p-toluenesulfoachloramine (Chloramine T) 

Stilbamine glucoside (Neostam) 

♦Sulfa drugs: 

Acetylsulfathiazole 

p-BenzylaminobenzenesuIfonamide 

Phthalylsulfathiazole 

Succinylsulfathiazole 

Su'.fa-acetamide (N-acetylsulfanilamide) 

Sulfadiazine 

Sulfadiazine, sodium 

Sulfaguanidine 

Sulfamerazine, sodium 

Sulfamerazine (2-Sulfanilamido-4-methylpyrimidine) 

♦Sulfanilamide (p-Aminobenzenesulfonamide) 

Sulfanilamide ascorbate 

Sulfapyridine (2-Sulfanilamidopyridine) 

Sulfapyridine, sodium 

♦Sulfathiazole 

Sulfathiazole ascorbate 

♦Sulfathiazole, sodium 

♦Sulfoarsphenamine 

4-Sulfonamido-2,4-diaminoazobenzene---- 

•Tannin albuminate (Tannalbin) 

Tannin-formaldehyde (Tannoform) 

Tetrachlorophenol 

N,N,N',N'-Tetraethylphthalamide (Neospiran) 

Thiosalicylic acid 

Thymol 

Thymol iodide ---- 

p-Toluenesulfondichloramine (Dichloroamine T) 

a-Toluic acid (Phenylacetic acid) 

Trichlorophenol 

Tryparsamide 

Tyramine ethanesulfonate.-. 

•Vitamin K, all forms: 

K (Menadione) (2-MethyI-l,4-naphthoqninone) 

K f(2-MethyI-l,4-naphthoquinone)diphosphoric ester, tetra sodium 
salt)] (Thyloquinone). 

Ki (2-Methyl-3-phytyl-l,4-naphthoquinone)- 

Zinc sulfanilate 

Alicyclic and Heterocyclic 

Adenine hydrochloride - -- 

Adenine sulfate 

Adenylic acid 

Allantoin (S-Ureidohydantoin) 

Allylcamphoramic acid 

•Amino acids derived from proteins: 

Histamine, free base 

Histamine phosphate 

1-Histidine 

Histidine monohydrochloride -- 

1-Hydroxyproline 

1-Proline 

dl-Tryptophane 

1-Tryptophane 

Antipyrine 

•Antipyrine salicylate 

Atropine amineoxide hydrochloride 

Barbituric acid 



88, 124, 269. 

88, 124, 269. 

88, X. 

88, 124, 269. 

124,201,298. 

124, 269. 

286. 

501. 

65. 

501. 

255. 

255. 

269. 

1. 

298. 

65. 

298. 

286. 

298. 

298. 

69. 

69, X. 

69, X. 

69. 

69. 

69. 

65, 69, 94, 286, 298, 413, 501. 

157. 

69, 286. 

286. 

69, 91, 255, 286, 298, 426, 501, X. 

157. 

69, 255, 286, 501, X. 

1, 121,286,426,501. 

501. 

88, 157, 198, 244. 

88, 157. 

124. 

198. 

255. 

333, X, X. 

269, 286, 313. 

298. 

X. 

124. 

243, 286, 426. 

65. 

1, 69, 144, 170, 483. 
203, 426. 

286. 
65. 



400. 

134, 400. 
400. 

137, 399. 
157. 

338, 473. 

473. 

243, 473. 

203. 

268, 349. 

286. 

286. 

124, 286, 349, 473. 

124. 

88, 124, 157, 198, 286. 

116. 

1. 



94 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 13B.^ — Synthetic' organic^chemicals: Medicinals for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Con. 



Chemical 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Alicyclic and Heterocyclic— Continued 

•Barbituric acid derivatives: 

5-Allyl-5-cyclopentenylharbituric acid and salt (Cyclopal) 

5-Allyl-5-isopropylbarbituric acid (Allurate) 

5-Allyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid and salt (Alphenal) 

Aminopyrine diethylbarbiturate (Veramon) (Peralga) 

5-n-Butyl-5-ethylbarbituric acid (Neonal) 

5-(l-Cyclohexenyl)-5-ethylbarbituric acid and salt (Phanodorn) . . - 

5,5-Diallylbarbituric acid (Dial) 

5,5-Diethylbarbituric acid (Barbital) 

5,5-Diethylbarbituric acid, sodium salt 

5-Ethyl-5-(sec)butylbarbituric acid and salt 

5-Ethyl-5-n-hexylbarbituric acid and salt (Ortal) 

6-Ethyl-5-isoamylbarbituric acid and salt (Amytal) 

5-Ethyl-5-isopropylbarbituric acid and salts (Ipral) 

5-Ethyl-5-(l-methyl-n-butyl)barbituric acid (Pentobarbital) 

5-Ethyl-5-(l-methyl-n-butyl)barbituric acid, sodium salt 

5-Ethyl-5-(l-methyl-n-butyl)-2-thiobarbituric acid and salt 
(Pentothal). 

*5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid (Phenobarbital) (Luminal) 

5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid, calcium salt (Phenobarbital 

calcium). 
♦5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid, sodium salt (Phenobarbital 
sodium). 

N-Methyl-5-cyclohexenyl-5-methylbarbituric acid and salt 

l-Methyl-5-ethyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid 

5-Methyl-5-phenethylbarbituric acid and salt 

Methylpropylcarbinyl allylbarbituric acid, sodium salt 

Methylpropylcarbinylbarbituricacid 

*Bile acids and salts: 

Bilron (Iron bile salts) 

*Cholic acid 

*Dehydrocholic acid 

*Dehydrocholic acid, sodium salt 

Desoxycholic acid 

Desoxycholic acid, sodium salt 

Mixed bile acids 

Another 

Bismuth camphocarboxylate 

Bromocamphor (mono) 

2-Butyloxycinchoninic acid diethylethylenediamide and hydro- 
chloride. 

*Cafleine (from theobromine) 

'Caffeine derivatives, natural and synthetic: 

•Caffeine citrate 

Caffeine hydrobromide 

•Caffeine sodium benzoate 

•Caffeine sodium salicylate 

Camphor, synthetic, U. S. P 

Camphoric acid 

Camphoric anhydride 

•Camphosulfonic acid and salts 

Cinchophen hydroiodide_ 

Desoxycorticosterone acetate (Cortate) 

N-Diethylaminoisopentyl-8-amuio-6-methoxyquinoline (Plasmo- 
chin) . 

Dihydrocodeinone bitartrate 

3,5-Di-iodo-N-methyl-4-pyridoxyl-2,6-dicarboxylic acid, disodium 
salt (Neo-iopax). 

3,5-Di-iodo-4-pyridon-N-acetic acid diethanolamine 

4-Dimethylaminoantipyrine (Aminopyrine) 

Emetine hydrochloride, synthetic 

Eserine salicylate 

Estradiol 

Estradiol esters: 

a-Estradiol-3-benzoate 

a-Estradiol-17-benzoate 

a-Estradio]-3,17-dipropionate 

Estrone (Ketohydroxyestrin) 

2-Ethoxy-6,9-diaminoacridine and salts 

E thyl-l-methyl-4-phenylpiperidine 

Ethyl-l-methyl-4-phenylpiperidine-4-carboxylate (Demerol) 

Ethynyltestosterone 

Eucatropine hydrochloride 

Hexamethylenemethyl iodide 

Hexamethylenetetramine ,. 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



169. 

203. 

169. 

88, 234. 

1. 

501. 

90, 169. 

1, 169, 203. 

1, 203. 

X. 

338. 

255. 

255, X. 

1, 169, 325. 

1, 48, 255, 325, 365. 

1. 

1, 48, 169, 229, 269, 286, 501. 
48. 

1, 48, 169, 255, 269, 286, 501 . 

501. 
501. 
501. 
255. 
255. 



144, 243, 278, 473, 500, X. 

243, 270, 278, 473, 500. 

144, 473, 500. 

500. 

473. 

^444. 

, 269, X. 



176, 282, 298, X. 

88, 198, 269, 286, 298, 313. 

286. 

88, 198, 269, 286, 313. 

198, 269, 286. 

127,311. 

157, 390. 

157, 269. 

88, 134, 157, 198, 244. 

255. 

90, X. 

501. 

144. 
X. 

501. 

304,501. 
286, X. 
116,214. 
198, X. 

X. 

198. 
X. 

77. 
501. 
278. 
501. 
X. 

396, 488. 
243. 
127, 201. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



95 



Table 13B. — Synthetic organic cheviicals: Medicinals for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Con. 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Alicyclic and Heterocpclic— Continued 

•Hexamethylenetetramineanhydromethylene citrate (Helmitol) 

Hexamethylenetetramine camphorate 

Hexamethylenetetramine mandelate 

Hexamethylenetetraminemetl) ylene citrate 

Hexamethylenetetramine monobromide 

Hexamethylenetetramine mono iodide 

Hexamethylenetetramine tetraiodide 

Homatropine and salts 

Homatropine methyl bromide (Novatropine) 

8-Hydroxyquinoline derivatives: 

8-Hydroxyquinoline (Oxyquinoline base) 

8-Hydroxyquinoline benzoate 

8-Hydroxyquinoline citrate 

8-Hydroxyquinoline hydrochloride 

8-Hydroxyquuioline sulfate 

8-Hydroxyquinoline sulfate, potassium salt 

8-Hydroxyquinoline tannate 

8-Hydroxyquinoline-5-sulfonic acid 

Iodochloro-8-hydroxyquinoline 

*7-Iodo-8-hydroxyquinoline-5-sulfonic acid (Yatren acid) and salt 

lodopyrine 

Menthol ethoxyacetate (Coryfln) 

homo-Menthyl salicylate 

•2-Methoxy-6-chloro-9-diethylaminopentylaminoacridine (Quinacrine 

hydrochloride) fAtebrin). 
/3-Methoxy-8-hydroxymercuri-propyIamide of camphoric acid and 
salts. 

Methylcholanthrene 

*p-Methylphenyloinchoninic ethyl ester (Neocinchophen) 

7-(2-Methylpipcridino) propyl benzoate hydrochloride 

Methyltestosterone 

♦Nikethamide (Niacin diethylamide) 

Nucleic acid (from yeast) u 

Nucleic acid salts 

Papaverine hydrochloride 

Papaverine, synthetic 

Phenylazo-diaminopyridine hydrochloride (Pyridium) 

l-Phenyl-2,3-dimethyl-4-methylamino-5-pyrazolone formaldehyde 

bisulphite (Novaldin). 
2-Phenyl-4-quinoluiecarboxylic acid (Cinchophen) (Phenylcin- 
choninic acid). 

2-Phenylquino]ine-4-carboxylic acid, sodium salt 

Piperazine derivatives: 

Piperazine hexahydrate (Piperazine hydrate) 

Piperazine salicylate 

Piperazine tartrate 

3-(l-Piperidy])propanediol-l,2-diphenylurethane base and hydro- 
chloride (Diothane) . 

* Progesterone 

Scopolamine amineoxide hydrobromide 

Sodium d iphenylhydantoinate (Dilantin) 

Sulfallantoin 

Terpin hydrate 

Testosterone 

Testosterone esters: Testosterone propionate 

sym-N-Tetramethylpiperazine di-iodide 

*Theobromine derivatives: 

Theobromine calcium gluconate 

Theobromine calcium salicylate _._ 

Theobromine salicylate 

Theobromine sodium acetate 

♦Theobromine and sodium salicylate 

♦Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine) and derivatives: 

Theophylline aminoiso bu tanol 

♦Theophylline base 

♦Theophylline ethylenediamine ( Amino phylline) 

Theophylline methyl glucamine (Glucophylline) 

Theophylline monoethanolamine (Theamine) - 

Theophylline sodium acetate 

Theophylline sodium salicylate 

Tliic acid 

♦Vitamins: 

♦Bi (Thiamin chloride and hydrochloride) 

♦B2 (Riboflavin, for human consumption) (100%) 

B2 (Riboflavin, for animal and poultry consumption) (100%) 



137, 157, 198, 234, 244, 501. 

234. 

372. 

157. 

198. 

198. 

355 

214', 278, 286. 

144, 390, X. 

48, 286. 
48, 286. 
286. 
48. 
48, 286. 



48, 286. 

90. 

48, 65, 286, 501, X. 

269. 

501. 

165. 

1, 193, 202, 255, 286, 304, 501. 

157. 

134, 135. 

1 , 48, 69. 

255. 

90, X. 

90, 169, 198, 234, 243, 244, 280. 

400. 

400. 

255. 

286, 313. 

372. 

501. 



48. 

280, 359. 
280, 359. 
280, 359. 
287. 

144, 180, 243, 338, X. 

116. 

286, 501. 

399. 

127, 405. 

X. 

90, X. 

390. 

270. 

88. 

286. 

269, 286, 313. 

88, 269, 286, 313. 

287. 

48, 169, 269. 

48, 126, 169, 243, 268, 286, 365, X, X. 

1. 

255. 

269, 501. 

269. 

137, 399. 

203, 286. 

13, 103, 203, 286, 350. 

13, 103, 350, 489. 



96 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 13B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Con. 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Alkyclic and Heterocyclic— Continued 

•Vitamins — Continued 
* Be (Pyridoxine) 

*D2 (Irradiated ergosteiol) (Viosterol) 

Da (Irradiated or activated animal sterol) (Delsterol) 

E (a-Tocoptierol) 

E (a-Tocopherol acetate) 

Inositol 

Inositol hexaphosphate, calcium magnesium 

'Niacin (Nicotinic acid) 

"Niacinamide (Nicotinic acid amide) 

MEDICINALS, ACYCLIC 

Acetylcholine bromide 

Acetylcholine chloride 

Acetyl-/S-methylcholine bromide. 

Acetyl-;8-methylcholine chloride 

Amino acids derived from proteins: 

^-Alanine 

dl-a- Alanine __ 

Aminoaeetic acid (Glycocoll) (Glycin) ... 

Arginine monohydrochloride 

l(+)-Arginine monohydrochloride 

dl- Aspartic acid 

1-Cystine 

Cystine hydrochloride 

l(4-)-Glutamic acid... 

dl-Glutamic acid 

Glutathione 

dl-Isoleucine _. 

l-Leucine 

dl-Leucine. 

d-Lysine monohydrochloride 

dl-Lysine monohydrochloride 

1-Ly sine monohydrochloride 

dl-Methionine 

dl-Norleucine 

dl-Serine 

dl-Threonine 

dl- Valine 

A myl nitrite (Isoamyl nitrite) 

Auro-thioglucose (Solgenal-^ oleoum) 

A zochloramide 

Barium hexose diphosphate 

Bismuth octyloxyacetate (Lipo bismol). 

Bismuth tri-a-ethyl caproate (I>ipobin) 

Bromodiethylacetylcarbamide 

Bromoisovalerylurea (Bromural) 

Cacodylic acid and derivatives: 

*Cacodylic acid 

Guaiacol cacodylate 

Strychnine cacodylate 

*Caeodylic acid salts: 

Barium cacodylate 

Bismuth cacodylate 

Calcium cacodylate 

Iron cacodylate 

Magnesium cacodylate 

Sodium cacodylate 

Calcium hexose diphosphate 

Calcium iodobehenate '. 

*Calcium lactophosphate 

"Calcium levulinate 

Chloral hydrate 

Choline chloride 

Diallylmalonic acid 

Disodium methylarsonate (Arrhenal) 

Erythrityl tetranitrate. 

Ethyl chaulmoograte 

Ethyl di-iodobrassidate 

Ethylenediamine derivatives: 

Ethylenediamine dihydrochloride 

Ethylenediamine di-iodide 

*Ethyl iodide '.'. 



203. 

1, 127, 170, 177, 283, 327, 338, 426, 

429, 483, 501. 
127. 
286. 

203, 286. 
X. 

88, 90. 

43, 172, 286, 372. 
1, 169, 170, 172, 198, 243, 372. 



134, 390. 
234, 286, 390. 
286. 
286, 390. 

69, 170, 286, 338. 

286, 349. 

48, 124. 

284, 473. 

286. 

286, 304. 

349, 472. 

340, 349, 473. 

286. 

286. 

400. 

286. 

286, 349. 

286. 

473. 

286. 

286. 

286. 

286. 

286. 

286. 

286. 

134, 269, 286, 338. 
X. 

X. 
400. 
338. 
243. 
86, 501. 
50, 86. 

135, 234, 244. 
135, 234. 
198, 234. 244. 



135 
244, 
135 
135 
135 
1135 
400, 
157 



, 244. 

, 198, 234, 244, 338. 

, 234, 244. 

, 198, 234, 244, 338. 

,501. 
234, 269. 
8, 157, 165, 244, 340, 349. 

298. 
,286. 



, 234. 
', 501. 



355. 
355 
134*, 137, 269, 286. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



97 



Table 13B.^ — Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Con. 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



MEDICINALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Ethyl mercuric chloride 

Ethyl morrhuate - 

Ethyl nitrite 

Formaldehyde sodium sulfoxylate 

Gluconic acid salts: 

Calcium gluconate 

Copper gluconate -. 

Iron (ferrous') gluconate '-.. 

Manganese gluconate 

Potassium gluconate 

Glycerophosphoric acid 

Glycerophosphoric acid salts: 

Calcium glycerophosphate 

Iron glycerophosphate. 

Magnesium glycerophosphate 

Manganese glycerophosphate 

Potassium glycerophosphate 

Sodium glycerophosphate 

Hexamethyldiaminoisopropanol di-iodide 

Humic acid and salts 

Iodized fatty acids: 

Calcium salts of iodized fatty acids 

Iodized castor oO (Riodine) 

'Iodoform 

lodomethanesulfonic acid, sodium salt -.. 

n-Isovaleric acid salts: 

Ammonium isovalerate.. 

Zinc isovalerate . 

Lithium lactate - 

Lysidine bitartrate 

Methoxyoximercuripropylsuccmyl urea (Mercuhydrin) . . 

Methylenecitric acid and salts— 

Methylene iodide .-- 

*Methyl iodide 

Morrhuic acid, sodium salt 

Potassium bismuth saccharate 

d-Ribose 

*Silver preparations, colloidal: 

Silver protein, mild... — 

Silver protein, strong 

Sodium aurothiomalate (Myochrysine) 

Sodium bismuth thioglycolate (Thiobismol) 

Sodium ricinoleate 

Sodium succinate 

1-Sorbose 

Sulfonethylmethane (Trional) 

Sulfonmethane (Snlfonal) --- 

* Tartaric acid salts: 

Antimony sodium tartrate 

Bismuth potassium tartrate - 

Bismuth sodium tartrate 

Potassium sodium bismuth tartrate (Bismosol) 

Potassium tartrate 

*Thiosinamine (Allylurea) 

2,2,2-Tribromoethanol 

Tribromomethane (Bromoform) 

*tert-Trichlorobutyl alcohol (Chloretone) (Chlorobutanol) 

Urethane 

Vinethene (Diviuyl ether) 

'Vitamins: 

*A acetate, concentrate 

*A acetate, crystalline 

*A alcohol concentrate 

*C (Ascorbic acid) 

*C (Ascorbic acid, sodium salt)-- 

*d-Calcium pantothenate 

*dl-Calcium pantothenate 

*Isoaseorbic acid 

*d-Sodium pantothenate 



255. 

157. 

269, 286, 343. 

286. 

255, 269, 350. 

350. 

269, 350, 444. 

350. 

350. 

201, 298. 

201,298. 
201, 298. 
201, 298. 
201, 298. 
201, 298. 
201, 298. 
157, 501. 
157. 

255. 

165. 

269, 286, 313. 

501. 



149. 

222. 

165. 

243. 

157, 501. 

134,135. 

134, 137, 198, 269, 286. 

65, 157. 

57. 

400. 

201, 338, 406, 426. 

201, 501. 

286. 

338. 

222. 

269. 

400. 

269. 

269. 

65. 

1. 

198, 243. 

286. 

88 

137, 165, 269. 

501. 

124, 290. 

48, 165, 286, 338, X, 

349, 467. 

286. 

122. 

122. 

473, 483. 
203, 350. 
157, 286. 
13, 286. 
1, 170. 
203. 
338. 



98 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 

Table 14B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Flavor and perfume materials for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 

[Flavor and perfume materials for which separate statistics are given in table 14A are marked below with 
an asterisk (*); those not so marked do not appear in table 14A because the reported data are confidential 
and may not be published. Manufacturers are identified by numbers in the alphabetical list appearing 
in table 22. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification 
number with the designated product] 



Material 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC 

Benzenoid 

Acetophenone 

Amyl benzoate 

*or-Amylcinnamaldehyde- 

Amyl cinnamate 

a-Amylcinnamyl acetate 

a-Amylcinnamyl alcohol 

*Amyl salicylate 

Amyl-a-toluate (Amyl phenylacetate) 

*Anethole 

*Anisaldehyde -' 

♦Anisole (Methyl phenyl ether) 

*Anisyl acetate 

* Anisyl alcohol 

Anisyl formate 

Anisylideneacetone 

Anisyl propionate 

Benzophenone.. 

•Benzyl acetate 

*Benzyl alcohol 

Benzyl butyl phthalate 

*Benzyl butyrate 

*Benzyl cinnamate 

Benzyl p-cresyl ether 

Benzyl ether (Dibenzyl ether) 

•Benzyl formate 

Benzylideneacetone 

Benzylideneglycerol 

Benzyl isoamyl ether -- 

Benzyl isobutyrate 

Benzyl isoeugenyl ether (Benzyl isoeugenol) 

Benzyl methyl ketone 

•Benzyl propionate 

•Benzyl salicylate 

Benzyl a-toluate (Benzyl phenylacetate) 

Benzyl valerate 

^-Bromostyrene 

Butyl a-toluate (Butyl phenylacetate) -- 

•Ciimamaldehyde 

• Cinnamic acid 

•Cinnamyl acetate 

•Cinnamy 1 alcohol 

Cinnamyl anthranilate 

Cinnamyl butyrate 

Cinnamyl cinnamate 

Cinnamyl formate 

Cinnamyl isobutyrate _-- 

C iimamy 1 iso valerate 

•Cinnamyl propionate 

Cinnamyl valerate 

p-Cresyl acetate 

p-Cresyl caprylate - 

p-Cresyl isobutyrate 

p-Cresyl methyl ether 

p-Cresyl phenyl ether 

m-Cresyl o-toluate (m-Cresyl phenylacetate) 

*p-Cresyl a-toluate (p-Cresyl phenylacetate) 

p-Cresyl valerate 

Cumaldehy de (p-Isopropylbenzaldehyde) 

Di-isopropylthymol, hydrogenated 

3,4-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde ( Veratraldehyde) 

2,4-Dimethylacetophenone 

Dimethy l-/3-phenethyl acetate 

Dimethyl-/S-phenethyl alcohol (Dimethylbenzyl carbinol) 

2,6-Dinitro-3-tert-butylcymene 

Diphenylmethane 

p-Ethoxybenzaldehyde 

Ethyl anisate ■ 

•Ethyl anthranilate,.- 



229, X. 
X. 

229, 278, 472, 478, X. 



282, 414, 474, X, X. 
X. 

311, 474, X, X, X. 
165, 478, X, X, X. 
165, 390, X. 
155, X, X. 
165, X, X. 
X, X. 



229, 278, X. 
278, 414, 475, X. 
278, 414, 474, X. 

168, 278, 474, X, X. 
168, 278, 472, 474, X. 

414. 

278, 472, 474, X, X. 

472, 475, X. 

X. 

X, X. 
X, X. 

155, 168, 278, 282, 404, 472, X, X . 
278, 474, X, X. 



229, 404, 414, 475, X. 
165, 278, 474, X. 
278, 478, X, X. 
168, 278, 478, X, X. 

X. 



404, X. 

X. 

168, 404, X, X. 

478, X, X. 
472. 

168, X. 



478, X, X. 

474. 

X. 



278, 474. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 19 44 



99 



Table 14B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Flavor arid perfume materials for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — 
Continued 



Material 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC— Con. 

Bemenoid— Continued 

♦Ethyl benzoate 

*Ethyl cinnamate 

*Ethyl methylphenylglycidate 

Ethyl phenylglycidate 

•Ethyl salicylate 

Ethyl a-toluate (Ethyl phenylacetate) 

Ethylvauillin 

♦Eugenol 

Eugenyl acetate 

Eugenyl formate 

Eugenyl a-toluate (Eugenyl phenylacetate) 

*Guaiacyl acetate 

Hexylcinnamaldehyde 

Hydroquinone dimethyl ether (Dimethyl hydroquinone) 

Hydroquinone monomethyl ether 

Isobutyl benzoate 

Isobutyl cinnamate 

Isobutyl salicylate 

Isobutyl a-toluate (Isobutyl phenylacetate) 

*Isoeugenol 

Isoeugenyl acetate 

Isopropyl-o-cresol (Carvacrol) 

Isothymol, hydrogenated 

p-Methoxyacetophenone (Novatone) 

p-Methylacetophenone (Methyl-p-tolyl ketone) 

Methyl anthranilate. 

N-Methylanthrauilic acid methyl ester (Dimethyl anthranilate) 

p-Methyli»enzaldehyde (p-Tolualdehyde) 

♦Methyl benzoate 

a-Methylbeuzyl acetate (Styralyl acetate) 

*a-Methylbenzyl alcohol (Methylphenyl carbinol) (Styralyl alcohol). 

a-Methylbenzyl propionate (Styralyl propionate) 

Methylcinnamaldehyde 

*Methyl cinnamate 

p-Methyl cresyl ether 

*Methyl eugenyl ether (Methyl eugenol) 

*Methyl isoeugenyl ether 

a-Methyl-p-isopropylhydrocinnamaldehyde 

. * Methyl salicylate (Artificial wintergreen oil) 

Methyl-a-toluate (Methyl phenylacetate) 

Musk ambrette 

Musk ketone 

•Musk xylene 

Phenethyl acetate 

♦Phenethyl alcohol (Phenylethyl alcohol) 

Phenethyl anthranilate 

Phenethyl butyrate 

Phenethyl cinnamate 

Phenethyl formate 

Phenethyl isobutyrate 

Phenethyl iso valerate 

•Phenethyl propionate 

Phenethyl salicylate 

Phenethyl a-toluate (Phenethyl phenylacetate) 

p-Phenethylurea 

Phenethyl valerate 

Phenylacetone 

Phenyl benzoate 

Pheny Ipropionaldehyde (Hydratropaldehyde) 

*3-Phenyl-l-propyl acetate (Hydrocinnamyl acetate) _ 

3-Phenyl-l-propyl alcohol (Hydrocinnamic alcohol) 

Propyl cinnamate 

Salicylaldehyde 

a-Tolualdehyde (Phenylacetaldehyde) 

a-Tolualdehyde dimethylacetal (Phenylacetaldehyde diniethylace- 
tal). 

a-Toluic acid (Phenylacetic acid) 

Thymol, hydrogenated 

T r ichloromethy Iphenylcarbiny 1 acetate (Rosetone) 

1 ,3,4-Trimethyl-5-tert-butyl-2,6-dinitrobenzene 

•Vanillin _. 



165, 324, 467, X, X. 

155, 165, 168, 278, 474, X. 

165, X, X. 

165. 

124, 168, X, X. 

48, 168, 229, 278, 478. 

298. 

155, 262, X, X, X. 

168. 

478. 

472. 

155, 478, X. 

X. 

127, 165. 

165. 

155, 282, X. 

155. 

X, X. 

282, X, X. 

155, X, X, X. 

X. 

333, X. 

205, X. 

165. 

165, 311, X. 

124, 127, 278, X. 

127, 478, X. 

165. 

165, 205, 278, 324, 475, X. 

167, 472, X. 

167, 472, X, X. 

478. 

165. 

48, 165, 168, 278, 478. 

478. 

155, 165, 168, X. 

155, 165, 474, X. 

X. 

124, 201, 298. 

48, 168, 278, 474, X. 

278, X. 

278, X. 

127, 278, X. 

1, 155, 404, 472, X, X. 

124, 229, 472, 479, X. 

168. 

155, 282, X. 

155, X. 

X, X. 

X, X. 

X, X. 

155, 282, 472, X, X. 

X, X. 

155, X, X. 

165. 

155, 404. 

167. 

X, X. 

155, 167, X. 

478, X, X. 

167, 205, X. 

155. 

124, 127. 

167, X. 

155, 167, X. 

278, X. 

205, X. 

165. 

X. 

282, 298, 393, X, X. 



100 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 14B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Flavor and perfume materials for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — 
Continued 



Material 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC— Con. 

Naphthalenoid 

Ethyl ^-naphthyl ether (Nerolin) 

Methyl 0-naphthyl ether (Yara yara) 

Methyl /3-nai>hthyl ketone 

Methyl napht h y 1 ketone, mixed 

/3-Naphthyl anthranilate 



Bornyl acetate 

Carvomenthol, hydrogenated. 

Cedrol 

*Cedryl acetate 

Cedrvl formate 

♦CitraL- 



Terpenoid 



Citrapene 

Citronellal 

*Citronellol 

*Citronellyl acetate 

Citronellyl butyrate 

Citronellyl formate 

Citronellyl propionate 

Cyclogeranyl acetate 

Dihydrocitronellol (3,7-DimethyI-l-octanol) _ 
Farnesol 

•Geraniol 



Geraniol, hydrogenated 

*Geranyl acetate 

Gcranyl benzoate 

•Geranyl butyrate 

*Gerauyl formate 

Geranyl isobutyrate 

Geranyl isovalerate 

Geranyl propionate 

Geranyl a-toluate (Geranyl phenylacetate). 

Hexahydropseudoiouone. 

Hydroxycitronellal 

Hydroxycitronellol 

H y droxy citronellol dimethylacetal 

*a-Ionone 

*/3-Ionone 

*Ionone, mixed 

Isobornyl acetate 

Isobornyl alcohol (Isoborneol) 

Isopulegol 

Isopulegyl acetate 

Isosafrol 

*Linalool, natural 

Linalool, synthetic 

*Linalyl acetate 

Linalyl anthranilate 

Linalyl benzoate 

*Linalyl butyrate 

Linalyl cinnamate.- 

•Linalyl formate 

•Linalyl isobutyrate 

•Linalyl propionate 

•Menthol, synthetic, tech 

Menthol, synthetic, racemie 

♦Menthol, sj-nthetic, U. S. P 

Menthone 

Menthyl acetate 

Menthyl anthranilate 

Metahomomenthol 

•Methylionone 

•Nerol 

Neryl acetate 

•Rhodinol (2,6-Dimethylocten(2) ol) 



•Rhodinyl acetate 

Rhodinyl formate 

Rhodinyl a-toluate (Rhodinyl phenylacetate). 
Safrol 

•Santalol 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



167, 229. 
167, X. 
167, X. 
167. 
155. 



155, X. 

205. 

127, 155, 472, 478, X. 

155, 472, 478, X, X. 

478. 

67, 127, 155, 168, 262, 306, 472, X, 
X, X. 

404. 

168, 322, 472, 474, 478. 

127, 1.55, 168, 278, 404, 472, 474, X. 

155, 278, 472, 478, X, X. 

X. 

155. 

472, X. 

478. 

404. 

478. 

127, 155, 167, 168, 278, 404, 472, 474, 
478, X, X. 

167. 

127, 155, 278, 404, 472, 474, X, X. 

149, X, X. 

155, 472, 478, X. 

155, 278, 472, 478, X. 

472. 

X. 

155, X. 

X. 

X. 

127, 404, 472, 479, X. 

278, X. 

127, 168, X. 

127, 306, 472, X, X. 

127, 472, X, X. 

127, 282, 479. 

127. 

127. 

127, 322, X. 

127, X. 

X X 

155, 168, 262, 300, 472, 474, 478. X, X. 

278 

149^ 155, 322, 472, 474, 478, X, X, X. 

149, 478. 

149, 478. 

155, 168, 478, X, X. 

478, X. 

155, 168, 472, 478, X, X. 

149, 472, X, X. 

155, 168, 472, 478, X, X. 

165, 278, 322, X. 

X. 

278, X. 

165, 278, 322, 478, X, 

165, 322, X. 

X. 

165. 

127, 282, 306, 472, 479, X, X. 

155, 168, 472, 474, 478, X. 

X. 

127, 155, 165, 168, 262, 278, 472, 474, 

X,X. 
155, 167, 472, X, X. 
155, X. 
478. 
333, X. 
155, 472, 478, X. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



101 



Table 14B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Flavor and perfume materials for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — 
Continued 



Material 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC— Con. 



Santalyl acetate. 

*a-Terpineol 

*^-Terpineol 

Terpin hydrate, tech. 

Terpinolene 

*Terpinyl acetate 

Terpinyl butyrate 

Terpinyl propionate.. 

Vetivenol 

*Vetivenyl acetate 



Terpenoid — Continued 



Heterocyclic 



♦Coumarin, synthetic 

Hydrocoumarin 

♦Indole 

Isobutyl quinoline 

Isopropylquinoline 

3-Methylcoumarin 

Methylhydrocoumarin.. 
*Piperonal (Heliotropin) . 

Saccharin 

Saccharin, sodium salt.. 
Skatole 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, ACYCLIC 

Acetal - 

*Allyl caproate 

Allyl enanthate (Allyl heptanoate) , 

Allyl isothiocyanate (Mustard oil)... 

Amyl butyrate , 

Amyl caproate 

Amyl caprylate - 

Amyl formate 

Amyl propionate , 

Amyl valerate 

2,3-Butanedione (Diacetyl) (Biacetyl) 

n-Butyl butyrate.. 

Capryl butyrate 

1-Carbomethoxyheptine (Methyl heptine carbonate) 

Cetyl alcohol 

Decyl acetate (Cio) 

n-Decyl alcohol 

*Decyl aldehyde (Cio). 

Di-n-butylcarbinol 

Dibutyl sulfide 

Diethyl succinate 

Di-n-propyl ketone. 

Dodecyl acetate (C12) - 

Dodecyl aldehyde (C12) 

*Ethyl butyrate 

*Ethy] caproate 

•Ethyl enanthate 

Ethyl isobutyrate 

Ethyl isovalerate 

Ethyl laurate.. 

Ethyl myristate 

*Ethyl pelargonate 

*Ethyl sebacate 

Glutamic acid, monosodium salt (Ajinomoto). 

Heptaldehyde (C?) 

2,3-n-Heptanedione (Acetylvaleryl) 

n-Heptanyl acetate... 

Hexaldehyde (Ce)... 

2,3-n-Hexanedione (Acetyl butyryl) 

3-Hydroxy-2-butanone (Acetoin). 

•Isoamyl butyrate 

Isoamyl caproate 

•Isoamyl formate.. 

Isoamyl isovalerate 

Isoamyl propionate 

Isobutyl acetate 

Isobutyl butyrate 

Isobutyl caproate 



168. 

311, X,X. 



X. 



155, 

127,; 

311. 
X. 

127,: 

127, 155, 404, 474, X, X, X. 

478. 

127,: 

306,' 

155, 



X. 

478, X. 

168, 472, 478, X, X. 



124, 127, 282, 298. 

165. 

124, 127, X. 

149. 

149. 

282, X. 

165. 

X,X, X. 

298. 

298. 

127, 149. 



168. 



155, 165, 404, 478, X, X, X 

149, 165, 404. 

137, 165. 

155. 

233, 404. 

478. 

155. 

X. 

155 

48, 149, 165. 

X. 

149. 

278, 472, X. 

322, 478, X. 

404. 

X X. 

404, 472, 478, X, X. 

404. 

478. 

404. 

404. 

168, 478. 

X, X. 

155, 168, 324, 343, X. 

155, 168, 324, X. 

168, 324, X. 

X. 

324, X. 

X. 

404. 

155, 165, X. 

149, 155, X. 

17, 177, 209. 

306. 

149. 

478. 

478. 

149. 

149. 

168, 324, 343, X. 

324, X. 

168, 324, X. 

168, X. 

168, X. 

324, X. 

324, X. 

X, 



102 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 14B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Flavor and 'perfume materials for which 
United States production or sales were reported, tdentified by manufacturer, 19JfA — 
Continued 



Material 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, ACYCLIC— Con 

Isobutyl isovalerate... - 

Isopropyl caproate 

Isopropyl pelargonate .- 

Methylheptenone..- 

Methyl homo jasmone 

Methyl nonenoate 

*Methylnonylacetaldehyde 

Methyl nonylinate 

Methyl nonyl ketone 

4-Methyl-2,3-pentanedione (Acetylisobutyryl) 

Methyl undecylenate 

Myristyl alcohol 

Nonalactone 

Nonyl acetate (C() 

Nonyl aldehyde (Cb) 

Octanol-1 

n-Octyl acetate 

n-Octyl aldehyde (Cg) 

n-Octyl butyrate 

n-Octyl isobutyrate 

2,3-n-Pentanedione (Acetylpropionyl) 

Propylacetal 

Propyl propionate 

•Undecalactone 

Undecyl aldehyde (Cn) 

Undecylenic alcohol 

Undecylenic aldehyde 

Undecylic acid, hydrogenated 

♦CHEMICALLY MODIFIED ESSENTIAL OILS 

Citronella, acetylated 

Citronella, hydrogenated 

Citronella oil fraction, acidulated 

Ethyl oxyhydrate. 

Lemon-grass oil, hydrogenated 

Peppermint oil, synthetic 

Sassafras oil, hydrogenated ^ 

Ylangol 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (accordina to list in table 22) 



X. 

155. 

155. 

168, X. 

478. 

X. 

478, X, X. 

165. 

478, X, X. 

149. 

472, X. 

X. 

165,478,X,X. 

478, X. 

478, X, X. 

X. 

X. 

478, X. 

404. 

X. 

149. 

X. 

155. 

155, 165, 168, 306, 477, X,X. 

472, 478. 

478, X. 

155,478, X.X. 

205. 



X. 

205. 

278. 

155, 262, 474, X. 

205. 

324. 

205. 

478. 



PLASTICS MATERIALS 

Table 15B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Plastics materials for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 19Jf.Ii. 

[Plastics materials for which separate statistics are given in table 15A are marked below with an asterisk (*); 
products not so marked do not appear in table 15A because the reported data are confidential and may not 
be published. Manufacturers are identified by numbers in the -alphabetical list appearing in table 22. 
An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number with 
the designated product] 



Material 



PLASTICS MATERIALS, CYCLIC 
Condensation Resins, Bemenoid 



*Alkyd resins: 
•Saturated polyesters type: 
*Phthalic anhydride-glycerol: ' 

* For molding and casting 

*For protective coatings 



Foradhesives 

For textile, paper, and leather treatment 
For miscellaneous uses 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according; to list in table 22) 



10, 39, 98, 175. 

4, 6, 13. 22, 63, 70, 71, 73, 112, 127, 138, 
150, 161, 163, 175. 178, 179, 180, 184, 
216, 221, 226, 258, 263, 291, 301, 302, 
320, 327, 337, 357, 360, 376, 379, 382, 
394, 413, 440, 445, 467, 470, 496, 507, 
X, X, X, X, X, X, X, X, J?, X. 

175. 

10, 13, 373. 

X, X, X. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



103 



Table 1518.— Synthetic organic chemicals: Plastics materials for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Con. 



Material 



PLASTICS MATERIALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Condensation Resins, Benzenoid— Continued 

•Alkyd resins — Continued 
♦Saturated polyesters type— Continued 
Phthalic anhydride-glycol: 

For protective coatings 

For textile, paper, and leather treatment 

Phthalic anhydride-pen taerythritol: For protective coatings 

All other, unspecified: 

For protective coatings 

For miscellaneous uses 

♦Unsaturated polyesters type: 

Phthalic anhydride-allyl alcohol: For protective coatings 

Cyclopentadiene-maleic anhydride-alcohol: 

For protective coatings 

For adhesives 

*Coal-tar acid resins: 
♦Phenolic resins: 
*p-tert-Amylphenol-aldehyde: 

For protective coatings 

For miscellaneous uses 

Bis-phenol: For protective coatings 

*p-tert-Butylphenol-aldehyde: 

For protective coatings 

For miscellaneous uses 

•Cresols-formaldehyde: 

For molding and casting 

*For laminating 

For protective coatings 

Diamylphenol and hexamethylene : For miscellaneous uses 

Diphenylpropanol-formaldehyde: For protective coatings 

♦Phenol-formaldehyde : 
♦For molding 

For casting 

♦For laminating. ^ 

♦For protective coatings 

♦For adhesives 

♦For textile, paper, and leather treatment 

For miscellaneous uses 

♦Phenol-formaldehyde, modified by abietic acid: For protective 
coatings. 

♦Phenol-formaldehyde, modified by abietic acid ester: 

For protective coatings 

For textile, paper, and leather treatment 

For miscellaneous uses,.- 

Phenol-furfural: 

For molding and casting 

For laminating 

Resorcinol-formaldehyde: 

For adhesives 

For miscellaneous uses 

Xylenol-f ormaldehyde : 

For molding and casting 

For protective coatings 

•Mixed phenolic (tar acid) resins: 
Cashew nut shell oil: 

For molding and casting 

For laminating 

For protective coatings 

For miscellaneous uses 

♦Cresylic acid-formaldehyde: 

For molding and casting 

For laminating 

For protective coatings 

For adhesives 

For miscellaneous uses 

♦Cresols- and xylenols-aldehyde: 

For molding and casting 

For laminating 

For protective coatings 

For miscellaneous uses 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



13. 

376. 

227, 291, 413. 

413, X. 
X. 

156, 175. 

;39, 150. 
175. 



70, 163, 180, 413, 467, X. 

467, X. 

413. 

70, 200, 320, 376, 413, 467. 
467. 

476. 

39, 81, 110, 152, 175, 336, 376, 455, 

492, X. 
39, 301, 394, 476. 
435. 
6. 

39, 84, 98, 102, 110, 129, 200, 267, 298, 

476. 
42, 81, 84, 239, 271. 
39, 81, 84, 110, 152, 219, 247, 298, 

336, 376, 382, 492, X. 
13, 39, 70, 180, 200, 242, 337, 421, 476, 

X, X. 
39, 80, 81, 84, 219, 246, 298, 358, 376, 

382, 476, X. 
81, 376, 421. 

39, 84, 129, 298, 382, X, X. 
163, 180, 221, 242, 376, 496. 



163, 199, 376, 382, 467. 

199. 

199. 

129, 220. 
220. 

80, X. 
129. 

110, 476. 

175, 376, 413, 476. 



129, 220. 
220. 
220. 
220. 

128. 
81, 492. 

128, 178, X. 
81. 

128. 

128. 
129. 

129, 175, 384. 
X. 



104 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 15B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Plastics materials for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Con. 



Material 



Manufacturprs' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



PLASTICS MATERIALS, CYCLIC— Con. 

Condensation Resins, Ben zenoid— Con. 

•Coal-tar acid resins— Con. 
*Mixed phenolic (tar acid) resins — Con. 
Phenols- and cresols-aldehyde: 

For molding and casting 

For laminating 

For protective coatings 

For adhesives - -- 

For miscellaneous uses 

Phenols-, cresols-, and xylenols-formaldehyde: 

For laminating - 

For protective coatings - 

Furfural-acetone resins: For ion exchange 

Organic nitrogen resins: Aniline-formaldehyde: 

For molding and casting. - 

For laminating... 

Organic sulfur resins: p-Toluenesulfonamide: For miscellaneous 
uses. 

Petroleum condensation resins: For laminating 

Styrene polyesters: 

For laminating 

For protective coatings 



Polymerization Resins, Bemenoid 



Petroleum polymer resins: 

For protective coatings 

For miscellaneous uses 

•Polyaromatic resins: 

Coumarone-indene resins: 

For molding and casting 

For protective coatings 

For adhesives 

For miscellaneous uses 

Cyclopentadiene: For protective coatings 

Polydichlorostyrene: For molding and casting. 
•Polystyrene resins: 

For molding and casting 

For protective coatings 

For adhesives 

For glazing, sheeting, and films. 

For miscellaneous uses 

Polyvinyl carbazole: For molding and casting.. 
All other, unspecified: For protective coatings 



PLASTICS MATERIALS, ACYCLIC ' 

Condensation Resins 
*Alkyd resins: 
•Abieticacid: 

For protective coatings 



For adhesives 

For textile, paper, and leather treatment. 

For miscellaneous uses 

'Abietic acid and maleic acid: 

For protective coatings 



For textile, paper, and leather treatment. 

For miscellaneous uses 

Adipic acid: For protective coatings 

Azelaic acid: For protective coatings 

Citric acid: 

For protective coatings 

For miscellaneous uses 

Congo ester: 

For protective coatings 

For miscellaneous uses... 

Ester gums: For protective coatings 

•Fumaric acid: 

For protective coatings 

For miscellaneous uses 

See footnotes at end of table. 



2, 128, 487. 

384. 

112, 128, 301. 

297. 

2, 128. 

110, 394. 

301. 

13. 

91. 

336. 

298. 

163, 370. 

39. 

74, 178. 



370. 

370, 433, X. 



308. 
43, 308. 
308. 
43, 345. 
357. 
298. 

39, 81, 124, 298. 

403. 

81,465. 

74. 

39, 345, X. 

171. 

220. 



184, 199, 221, 302, 357, 376, 413, 467, 

496, X. 
199. 
199. 
199, 467. 

6, 70, 73, 163, 184, 199, 227, 291, 302, 
357, 376, 413, 445, 467, X, X, X, X. 
199. 

199, 467. 
13, 70. 
70, 357. 

70. 
X. 

242, 467, 496. 

467. 

13. 

175, 227, 376, 413, 465, 467, 496, X. 
467. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



105 



Table 15B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Plastics materials for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Con. 



Material 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



PLASTICS MATERIALS, ACYCLIC— Con. 

Condensation Resins — Con. 
*Alkyd resins — Con. 
*Maleic acid or anhydride: 

For molding and casting 

For laminating 

For protective coatings w. 

♦Maleic anhydride-terpene: 

For protective coatings 

For adhesives 

For textile, paper, and leather treatment 

For miscellaneous uses 

Octohydric polymer: For protective coatings 

Rosin: For protective coatings 

Sebacicacid: 

For molding and casting 

For protective coatings 

For textile, paper, and leather treatment.. 

Succinic acid ; For protective coatings 

Tall oO: For adhesives 

All other, unspecified: For laminating.. , 

*Organic nitrogen resins: 
Melamine-formaldehyde: 

For molding and casting 

For laminating 

For protective coatings 

For adhesives 

For textile, paper, and leather treatment 

For ion exchange 

Melamine-urea-formaldehyde: 

For laminating 

For adhesives 

*Urea-formaldehy de : 

*For molding and easting 

For laminating 

For protective coatings 

*For adhesives 

*For textile, paper, and leather treatment 

For miscellaneous uses , 

Urea- and thiourea-formaldehyde: 

For adhesives 

For textile, paper, and leather treatment 

Petroleum condensation resins — 

Polyamide resins 

Silicone resins.. 

Polymerization Resins 

♦Alcohol polymerization resins: 
Ally] alcohol: 

For molding and casting 

For laminating 

Furfural-furfuryl alcohol: 

For molding and casting 

For protective coatings 

For miscellaneous uses 

Polyacrylic and methacrylic acid resins: 

For textile, paper, and leather treatment. 

For miscellaneous uses 

Polyacrylic and polymethacrylic acid ester resins: 

For molding and casting 

For laminating 

For textile, paper, and leather treatment... 

For glazing, sheeting, and films 

For miscellaneous uses. 

Polyolefin resins: Polyethylene, unplasticized 

Polyterpene resins _ 

♦Polyvinyl alcohol, ester, ether, and halide resins: 
Polyvinyl alcohol: 

For molding and casting... 

For adhesives. 

For textile, paper, and leather treatment 

See footnotes at end of table. 



413. 

13, 298, 306, 358. 

4, 13, 70, 71, 112, 180, 184, 226, 227, 

242, 258, 275, 357, 376, 382, 394, 

445, 496, X, X, X. 

199, 226. 

199. 

199. 

199. 

242. 

376, 467. 

382. 

2, 13, 227, 357, 376, 382, 445, 467. X. 

227, 376. 

413. 

376. 

272. 



13, 298, 358. 

13, 39. 

13, 382. 

13. 

13. 

13. 

13, 81. 
13. 

13, 39, 358, 448. 

39. 

13, 127, 358, 376. 

13, 39, 246, 358. 

13, 358, 373, 376, 382, 

358. 

80, X. 
267, 468. 
X. 
127. 
124. 



357. 
272. 

220. 
180. 
220. 



127. 
127, 388. 



127, 388. 
i 388, X. 
,345. 



127. 
127. 
127. 



106 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 15B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Plastics materials for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Con. 



Material 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers faccordine; to list in table 22) 



PLASTICS MATERIALS, ACYCLIC— Con 
Polymerization Resins— Con. 

•Polyvinyl alcohol, ester, ether, and halide resins— Con. 

Polyvinyl alcohol— Con. 

For glazing, sheeting, and films 

For miscellaneous uses 

Polyvinyl acetate: 

For protective coatings 

For adhesives_.- -. 

For textile, paper, and leather treatment 

For miscellaneous uses _ -. 

Polyvinyl chloride: 

For molding and casting --. 

For protective coatings-.. 

For textile, paper, and leather treatment 

For miscellaneous uses... _. 

Polyvinyl chloride-acetate copolymer: 

For molding and casting 

For protective coatings 

For adheslves 

For textile, paper, and leather treatment 

For glazing, sheeting, and films. 

For miscellaneous uses 

Polyvinyl ether resins: For adhesives 

Polyvinylidene chloride-polyvinyl chloride copolymer: 

For molding and casting 

For glazing, sheeting, and films. 

For miscellaneous uses. 

*Polyvinyl alcohol-aldehyde resins: 

Polyvinyl acetal: For adhesives 

Polyvinyl butyral: 

For laminating 

For protective coatings 

For adhesives 

For textile, paper, and leather treatment 

For glazing, sheeting, and films 

For miscellaneous uses 

Polyvinyl formal: 

For molding and casting 

For protective coatings - 



127. 
127. 

7.3, 74, X. 
74, 127, X. 
X. 
127, X. 

74. 
127. 
127. 
182. 

74. 
74. 220. 

74. 
74. 
74. 
74. 
171. 

124. 
124. 

74. 

408. 

74, 408. 

408. 

74, 127, 408. 

74, 127. 

127. 

74, 127. 

408. 



1 Includes phthalic anhydride-abietic acid glycerol and phythalic anhydride maleic anhydride glycerol 
resins. 

2 Includes small amounts of alicyclic and heterocyclic resins. 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS 



Table 17'B.— Synthetic organic chemicals: Rubber-processing chemicals for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by 7nanufacturer, 1944 

I Rubber-processing chemicals for which separate statistics are given in table 17A are marked below with 
an asterisk (*); chemicals not so marked do not appear in table 17A because the reported data are con- 
fidential and may not be published. Manufacturers are identified by numbers in the alphabetical list 
apnearing in tabie 22. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his 
identification number with the designated product] 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 

'Accelerators: 
* Aldehyde-amines: 

Acetaldehyde-aniline 

*n-Butyraldehyde-aniline 

a-Ethyl-/3-propylacrolein-aniline 

Formaldehyde-aniline (Methylene aniline) 

Formaldehyde-monoethylamine (Triethyltrimethylenetria 
mine). 



127, 298, 306. 

127, 182, 298, 306. 

87. 

127, 198. 

306. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 19 44 



107 



Table 17B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Rubber-processing chemicals for which 
United States 'production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 
1944 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Con. 

* Accelerators — Con. 
*Aldehyde-amines — Con. 

Formaldehyde-p-toluidine (Methylene-p-toluidine) 

Heptaldehyde-aniline 

Hexamethylenetetramine (Aldehyde-ammonia) 

Urea-butyraldehyde-aniline 

•Dithiocarbamates: 

Carbon disulflde-methylenedipiperidine 

Dimethyl ethylenediphenyl dithiocarbamic acid, lead salt 

Dimethyl ethylenediphenyl dithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

2, 4-Dinitrophenyl dimethyl dithiocarbamate 

Piperidinium pentamethylene dithiocarbamate 

Piperidinium pentamethylene dithiocarbamic acid, potassium 
salt. 
♦Guanidines: 

*Diphenylguanidine 

Diphenylguanidine and mercaptobenzothiazole dinitrophenyl 
ester. 

Diphenylguanidine phthalate 

Di-o-tolylguanidine 

Triphenylguanidine 

*Thiazole derivatives: 

Alkyl 2-mercaptothiazole 

2-(Benzoylthio)benzothiazole (Benzothiazole thiobenzoate) 

Bis-N,N'-(2-benzothiazylthiomethyl)urea 

N-Cyclohexyl-2-benzothiazole sulfenamide 

Diphenylguanidine phthalate, diphenylguanidine, and mercap- 
tobenzothiazole dinitrophenyl ester. 

Disulfide alkylated-2-mercaptothiazole 

2,2'-Dithiobisbenzothiazole (2,2'-Benzothiazyl disulfide) 

*2-Mercaptobenzothiazole 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, copper salt 

Mercaptobenzothiazole hexamethylenetetramine ester 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, lead salt 

Mercaptobenzothiazolemethylene aniline 

Mercaptohenzothiazoleraethylene-o-toluidine 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, sodium salt 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, zinc salt 

2-Mercaptothiazoline 

Thiuram derivatives: Di-N-pentamethylenethiuramtetrasulflde--. 

Miscellaneous: 

Dibenzylamine 

p-Quinone dioxime 

p-Quinone dioxime dibenzoate 

•Antioxidants: 

Aldehyde- and acetone-amines: 

Acetaldehy de-aniline hydrochloride 

p-Amtnodiphenyl-acetone 

Aniline-acetone, acid derivatives 

Butyraldehyde-aniline 

Crotonilidine-a-naphthylamine 

Diphenylamine-acetone 

Pheny 1-fl-naphthylamine-acetone 

•Amino or hydroxy compounds: 

2,4-Diaminodiphenylamine 

p,p'-Diaminodiphenylmethane 

2,4-Di-tert-butylhydroquinone 

Di-o-tolylethylenediamine 

Hydroquinone monobenzyl ether 

p-Hydroxydiphenj'lamine 

Guanidine: Dicatechol borate, di-o-tolylguanidine salt 

Secondary amines: 

Alkylated diphenylamine 

p,p'-Dimethoxydiphenylamuie 

Di-0-naphthol-p-phenylenediamine --. 

N,N'-Diphenylethylenediamine 

*N,N'-Diphenyl-p-phenylenediamine 

p-Isopropoxydiphenylamine 

p-Methyl-p-(p-tolylsulfonylamino) diphenylamine 

Phenyl-or-naphthylamine 

Phenyl-;8-naphthylamine 

p-(p-Toluenesulfonamino)diphenylamine 

Thiophenyl-/3-naphthylamine 

697646 — 46 8 



127. 
306. 
127. 
306. 

298. 

87. 

87. 

306. 

298, 306. 

127. 



13, 127, 298. 
298. 

298, 306. 
13, 127. 
304. 

182. 
298. 
298. 
298. 
298. 

182. 

69, 183, 298. 

69. 183, 298, 306. 

183. 

127. 

127. 
'306. 
1306. 

183. 

69, 306. 

69, 127. 

127. ^ 

306. 
306. 
306. 



306. 
298. 
298. 
127. 
182. 
306. 
306. 

298. 

306. 

298. 

87. 

182. 

127, 182. 

127. 

182. 
127. 
182. 

87. 

127, 182, 298, 306. 

182. 

306. 

127. 

127, 182, 183. 

306. 

183. 



108 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 17B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Rubber-processing chemicals for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 
1944 — Continued 



Chemical 



RUBBER PROCESSING CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Con 

♦Antioxidants— Continued 
Miscellaneous: 

p-terf-Butyl-m-cresol monosulfide 

^-Di-p-hydroxypheny Ipropane 

Diphenyl-p-phenylenediamine-p-aminodiphenyl-acetone 

p-Hydroxy-N-plienylmorpholine 

Phenol-cydohexanoiic 

2,2,4-Trimethyldihydroquinoline polymers 

Tackiiiers: Amylplienyl sulfide 

RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 

Accelerators: 

Aldehyde-amines: Butyraldehyde-monobutylamine 

*Dithiocarbamates: 

Amyl-ammonium dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Dibutyl dithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

fDibutyl dithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Diethyl dithiocarbamic acid, selenium salt 

Diethyl dithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt--. 

Diethyl dithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

Dimethyl dithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

*Thiuram derivatives: 

Tetra-amylthiuram monosulfide 

Tetrabutylthiuram monosulfide 

Tetraethylthiuram disulfide 

*Tetramethylthiurani disulfide 

Tetrametliylthiuram monosulfide 

Tetramethylthiuram tetrasulfide 

Xanthates: 

Di-n-butyl xanthodisulfide , 

Di-isopropyl xanthodisulfide 

Zinc butyl xanthate 

Miscellaneous: 

tert-Butylhydro peroxide 

Keryl mercaptan 

*Peptizers: Dodecyl mercaptan 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



298. 
183. 
298. 
127. 
298. 
182. 
407. 



127. 



183. 

407. 

306. 

407. 509. 

183, 306, 407. 

.'i09. 

306, 407. 



306. 

127,183,407,509. 

127,298,306,407. 

127.306. 

127. 

306. 

182, 298. 

183, 306. 

465. 
304. 
127, 205, 298. 306, 531. 



* ELASTOMERS (SYNTHETIC RUBBERS) 

Table 18B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Elastoyners {synthetic rubbers) for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 

[Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) for which separate statistics are .i?iven in table 18A are marked below with 
an asterisk (*); products not so marked do not appear in table ISA because the reported data are confi- 
dential and may not be published. Manufat turors are identified by numbers in the alphabetical list 
appearing in tabli! 22. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his 
identification number with the designated product] 



Product 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



ELASTOMERS, CYCLIC 

Polybutadiene-styrene (GR-S type): 

*Produced at Government plants 

♦Produced at private plants 

ELASTOMERS, ACYCLIC 

Polyalkylene-sulfide (Thiokol type) 

*Polybutadiene-acrylonitrile (GR-A type) (Buna N) 

* Produced at Government plant 

♦Produced at private plants. ._- 

Polychloroprene (GR-M type) (Neoprene): 

♦Produced at Government plant 

Produced at private plant 

Polyisobutylene 

♦Polyisobutylene-diolefln (GR-I type) 

♦Polyisoprene..- 



514, 517, 518, 519, 520, 523, 524, 531. 
124, 183, 210, 437, 465, 517, X, X. 



519 

124* 158, 183, 210, 437. 

516. 

127. 

436. 

436, 521, 524. 

520. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



109 



Table 18B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Elastomers {synthetic rubbers) for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 
1944 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



ELASTOMERS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Polyisoprene-acrylonitrUe 

Polyvinyl alcohol 

Polyvinyl alcohol-aldehyde: Polyvinyl butyral (Butvar) (Butacite) 

Polyvinyl chloride-acetate copolymer 

Reaction products of natural rubber: 

Polymerized chlorinated rubber (Parlon) 

Polymerized rubber hydrochloride (Plioform) 



X. 

127. 

74, 127, 298. 

74, 357. 

199. 
183. 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 

Table 19B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Surface-active agents for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 

[Surface-active agents for which separate statistics are given in table 19A are marked below with an asterisk 
(*); products not so marked do not appear in table 19 A because the reported data are confidential and 
may not be published. Manufacturers are identified by numbers in tlie alphabetical list appearing in 
table 22. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification 
number with the designated product] 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, CYCLIC 

Nonsulfated and nonsulfonated: 

Polyhydric alcohol esters and ethers: 

Diamylphenyl polyether alcohol. 

Iso-octylphenyl polyether alcohol. 

Iso-octyltolyl polyether alcohol 

'Quaternary ammonium compounds: 

Cetyldimethylbenzylammonium chloride 

Cetylpyridinium bromide 

Cetylpyridinium chloride 

Cetylpyridinium iodide 

2-Lauroyloxyethylcarbamylmethylpyridinium chloride (Lauryl 
ester of colaminoformylmethylpyridinium chloride). 

Lauryldimethylbenzylammonium chloride 

Laurylpyridinium chloride 

Stearoxymethylpyridinium chloride, mixture.. 

Trimethylbenzylammonium chloride 

Trimethylbenzylammonium hydroxide 

All other 

Sulfated and sulfonated: 

Benzene derivatives, sulfonated: 

Alkyl phenyl ethers, sulfonated 

Decylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Di-isopropylbenzenesulfonic acid 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Polyalkylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Diphenyl derivatives, sulfonated: 
5-Chlorobis (3,5-dichloro-2-hydroxyphenyl) -o-toluenesulfonic 
acid, sodium salt. 

Dibutylphenylphenoldisulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Monobutylbiphenylmonosulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Monobutylphenylphenolmonosulfonic acid, sodium salt 

*Naphthalene derivatives, sulfonated: 

Amylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Benzylnaphthalene sulfonic acid (di and mono) 

Butyl ester of l-naohthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Butylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt... 

Dibutylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Di-isopropylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Dilaurylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Dimethylhexylnaphthalenesulfonic acid... 

Hexylnaphthalenesulfonic acid 

*Isopropylnaphthalenesulfonic acid (mono) and sodium salt. 

2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid formaldehyde condensate 

Oleylnaphthalene sulfonic acid 

Another 



171. 
171. 
171. 

250, 388. 
137. 

137, 287. 
137. 
143. 

383, 501. 

205. 

486. 

103. 

103. 

157. 



250, 388. 

298. 

32 

298, 304. 

32. 

171. 

298. 
298. 



5, 8, 305. 

171. 

23. 

430. 

171. 

171. 

305. 

5. 

5. 

13, 197, 304, 383, 450, 464, X. 

X. 

366. 

X. 



110 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 19B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Surface-active agents fur which Uniied 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Con. 



Chemical 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Sulfated and sulfonated— Continued 
'Petroleum derivatives, sulfonated: 

Naphthenic acid, sulfonated 

Naphthenic acid, sulfonated, aluminum salt 

Naphthenic acid, sulfonated, sodium salt - 

Petroleum sulfonate, ammonium salt. 

Petroleum sulfonate, barium salt 

Petroleum sulfonate, calcium salt 

Petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt 

Petroleum sulfonates, other 

SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC 

Nonsulfatcd and nonsulfonated: 
•Amides: 

N-(Aminoethyl)-N-(hydroxyethyl)oleamide (Aminoethyl- 

ethanol mono-oleylamide). 
N-(Aminoethyl)-N-(hydroxyethyl)stearamide (Aminoethyl- 

ethanol monostearylamide). 

N-( Aminoethyl) lauramide 

N-(Aminoethyl)oleamide -_- 

N-(Aminoethyl)stearamide 

Coconut oil fatty acid amide and ester mixture 

N,N-D!(2-hydroxyethyl)lauramide (Diethanol laiu-amide) 

N,N-Di(2-hydroxyethyl)oleamide (Diethanol oleamide, amide 

and ester mixtures). 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl) lauramide (Ethanol lauramide) 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)oleamide (Ethanol oleamide) 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)ricinoleamide (Ethanol ricinoleamide) 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)stearamide (Ethanol stearamide) 

12-Hydroxy-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)stearamide (Ethanol hydroxy- 

stearamide). 

Tall oil amide 

Nitrogen-containing surface-active agents other than amides: 

Betaine hydrochloride 

Castor oil amine, polyether alcohol 

Diethanolamine laurate .-- 

Ethylenedinitrilotetra-acetic acid, tetrasodium salt 

Hexadecyl, octadecenyl amineacetate mixture 

Hexadecyl, octadecadienyl, octadecenyl amineacetate mixture.. 

Monobutylamine oleate 

Nitrilotriacetic acid, trisodium salt.. _-_ 

Oleoylsarcosine (n-Methyloleoylglycine), sodium salt 

Oleylamine polyether alcohol 

Oleyl glyoxilidine 

Stearoylsarcosine (n-Methylstearoylglycine), sodium salt 

Stearylbiguanide hydrochloride 

Stearyl glyoxilidine (2-(2-Heptadecyl-2-imidazoline-l)ethanol).. 

Triethanolamine, coconut oil fatty acid ester 

Triethanolamine palmitate 

Trihexylammonium tricarballylate 

Polyhydric alcohol esters and ethers: 

Glucose polyglycol ether di-(cottonseed fatty acid)ester 

Glucose polyglycol ether distearate 

Glucose polyglycol ether oleate 

Mannitan monolaurate 

Mannitan monolaurate polyglycol ether 

Mannitan mono-oleate 

Mannitan monopalmitate 

Olein polyether alcohol 

Oleyl polyether alcohol 

Peanut oil polyethylene glycol 

Polyglycol laurate.- -. 

Polyglycol monostearate 

Polyglycol lauryl ether -- 

Polyglycol mono-oleate -. 

Propyleneglycol, glycerol mono-(cottonseed fatty acid)ester 

Propyleneglycol monostearate 

Propyleneglycol monostearate polyglycol ether 

Sorbitau dioleate. _ 

Sorbitan, glycerol, propyleneglycol ricinoleate polyglycol ether. 

Sorbitan monolaurate 

Sorbitan monolaurate polyglycol ether 

Sorbitan mono-oleate 

Sorbitan mono-oleate polyglycol ether 

Sorbitan monopalmitate 

Sorbitan monopalmitate polyglycol ether 

Sorbitan monostearate 



Manufacturers' Identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



447. 

434. 

433, 434, 466. 

208, 415. 

32. 

32.415. 

32, 415, 420, 433, 437, 458, 521. 

411, 521. 



197. 

305. 

305. 

305. 

X. 

305. 

X. 

450. 
305. 
40, 305. 
305. 
305. 

192. 

157. 

171. 

8. 

171. 

24. 

24. 

407. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

464. 

171. 

171. 

464. 

X. 

8. 

171. 

34. 

34. 

34. 

34. 

34. 

34. 

34. 

171. 

171. 

171. 

8, 171. 

34, 233, 305. 

34. 

34, 305. 

34. 

34. 

34. 

34. 

34. 

34. 

34. 

34. 

34. 

34. 

34. 

34. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 194 4 



111 



Table 19B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Surface-active agents for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Con. 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Nonsulfated and nonsulfonated— Continued 

Polyhydric alcohol esters and ethers — Continued 

Sorbitan monostearate polyglycol ether 

Sorbitan tetrapropionate 

Sorbitan trioleate 

Sorbitan triricinoleate 

Sorbitol monolaurate polyglycol ether 

•Salts of fatty acids: 

Ammonium Itnoleate 

Ammonium oleate 

Potassium laurate 

Sodium oleate. 

•Sulfated and sulfonated: 
*Acids, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Fish oil fatty acids, sulfonated 

•Oleic acid, sulfonated (Sulfonated red oil) 

Ricinoleic acid, sulfonated, sodium salt 

Rictnoleic acid, sulfonated, potassium salt 

•Alcohols, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Cetyl, lauryl, and oleyl alcohol, sulfated 

Coconut fatty acid ester ethyleneglycolsulfate ethanolamine salt 

3, 9-Diethyl-6-tridecylsulfate, sodium salt 

2-E thylhexylsulfate, sodium salt • 

7-E thyl-2-methyl-4-undecy IsuUate, sodium salt 

Lauryl sulfate, sodium salt 

Lauryl sulfate, triethanolammonium salt 

N-Methyloleylaminopolyethoxyethylsulfuric acid, sodium salt 

(Methyl polyethanolamine) . 

Oleyl sulfate 

•Amides, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Laurie acid ester of potassium sulfoacetoethanolamide 

•Lauroyltaurine (Ethanol lauramide sulfonic acid) salts 

Methylene-diethanolamide of stearic and coconut oil fatty acids. 

N-Methyloleoyltaurine 

N-Methylpalmitoyltaurine 

N-Octadecyldisodium sulfosuccinamate 

N-Octadecyltetrasodium N'-l, 2-dicarboxysulfosuccinamate 

Oleoyltaurine (Ethanol oleamide sulfonic acid) and salts 

Eicinoleyltaurine, sodium salt (Ricinoleylamidehydroxyethane- 

sulfonate, sodium salt) . 

Spermacite amide, sulfonated 

Stearoyltaurine, sodium salt (Stearicamidehydroxyethane 

sulfonate, sodium salt). 

Another 

•Esters, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Butyl acetylricinoleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

Butyl oleate, sulfated 

Diamyl sodium sulfosuccuiate 

Dibutyl sodium sulfosuccinate 

Diethyleneglycol oleate sulfate 

Dihexyl sodium sulfosuccinate 

Dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate 

Lauryl sulfoacetate 

Methyl, ethyl, and propyl oleate, sulfated 

Sulfated monoglycerides from coconut fatty acids, ammonium 

salt. 
Sulfated monoglycerides from coconut fatty acids, sodium salt__ 

Monostearine sodium sulfoacetate 

Sulfoethyl oleate 

All other 

Glyceryl phosphate ester of cottonseed oil fatty acids, sodium salt. 
•Oils, fats, and waxes, sulfated and sulfonated: 
•Castor oil, sulfonated 

Coconut oil, sulfonated- - 

•Cod oil, sulfonated 

•Com oil, sulfonated .- 

Cottonseed oil, sulfonated-.. 

Fish oils, mixed, sulfonated.. 

Herring oil, sulfonated 

Lard oil, sulfonated 

Menhaden oil, sulfonated 

Mustardseed oil, sulfonated 

* Neat 's-foot oil , sulfonated 



34. 
34. 
34. 
34. 
34. 

181. 
181. 

300, 305. 
464. 



273. 



8, 171, 192, 195, 197, 300, 305, 373, 398, 

420, 486, 497. 
91. 
305. 

383. 
X. 

74. 

74. 

74. 

127, 366. 

366. 

171. 

383. 

143. 

8, 197, 464, 486. 

5. 

171. 

171. 

13. 

13. 

305, 430, 464. 

464. 

383. 
464. 

5, 300. 

197. 

305, 383. 

13. 

13. 

X. 

13. 

13. 

304. 

206. 

X. 

5,X. 

143. 

171. 

300. 

143. 

8, 13, 35, 64, 171, 195, 197, 206, 248, 
300, 305, 373, 378, 383, 420, 464, 
486, 497. 

195, 464. 

35. 

8, 13, 206, 248, 305, 373, 464, 486. 

35, 305. 

195, 273, 497. 

35, 195, 273, 305, 497. 

300, 464. 

273. 

305 383 

35, 'l95, 206, 248, 305, 373, 378, 383. 



112 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 19B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Surface-active agents for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Con. 



Chemical 


Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 


SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC-Con. 

♦Sulfated and sulfonated— Con. 
*Oils, fats, and waxes, sulfated and sulfonated— Con. 
*Peanut oil, sulfonated _ , 


197, 206, 248, 305, 373, 383, 420, 430, 


Recovered grease, sulfonated . -- - 


486. 
273. 


Rice bran oil, sulfonated . ._ . 


305. 


Seal oil, sulfonated 


273. 




8, 195, 197, 206, 248, 273, 373, 383, 497. 


*Sperm oil, sulfonated . ... .- 


13, 35, 195, 197, 248, 273, 305, 378, 383, 


'Tallow, sulfonated 


464, 486, 497. 
13, 35, 195, 197, 206, 248, 305, 373, 378, 


Whale oil, sulfonated 


383, 420, 464, 486, 497. 
273. 


All other ■ 


273, 430, 497. 


Petroleum, alkyl, sulfonated: Petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt .. 
All other 


127. 
300. 







PLASTICIZERS 

Table 20B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Plasticizers for which United States pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 

(Plasticizers for which separate statistics are a;iven in table 20A are marked below with an asterisk (*); 
products not so marked do not appear in table 20A because the reported data are confidential and may not 
be published. Manufacturers are identified by numbers in the alphabetical list appearing in table 22. 
An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number 
with the designated product] 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



PLASTICIZERS, CYCLIC 

Camphor, synthetic 

/S-Chloro-/3'-(2-xenoxy) diethyl ether 

Coumarone-indene plasticizer 

Cyclohexyl levulinate 

Di-tcrt-amylphenoxyethanol 

Dibenzyl sebacate -. 

Diethylene glycol dibenzoate. 

Ethyl o-benzoylbcnzoate , 

N-Ethyltoluenesulfonamide, o, p mixture 

Methyl abietate 

Methyl abietate, hydrogenatcd_- 

Naphthalene derivatives: 

Amylnaphthalene, mono 

Diamylnaphthalene 

Polyamylnaphthalene 

Phenolic coumarone-indene plasticizer.. 

Phosphoric acid esters: 

Diphenyl mono-o-xenyl phosphate 

Di-o-xenyl monophenyl phosphate 

Tri-(p-tert-amylphenyl) phosphate.. 

•Tricresyl phosphate... 

Triphenyl phosphate 

*Phthalic acid or anhydride esters: 

Butyl phthalyl butyl glycolate 

Castor oil phlhalate, hydrogenated 

Diallyl phthalate 

Di-n-amyl phthalate 

Dl-(butylcellosolve) phthalate (Di-(butoxyethyl)phthalate) 

*Dibutyl phthalate 

Dicapryl phthalate 

Dicarbitol phthalate (Bis-(diethylene glycol monoethyl ether) 
phthalate). 

Dicellosolve phthalate (Diethoxyethyl phthalate) 

Dicyclohexyl phthalate 

Di-2-ethylhexyl phlhalate 

•Diethyl phthalate 

Di-(fusel oil) phthalate... 

Dihexylcellosolve phthalate (Di-(ethyleneglycolmonohexyl ether) 
phthalate). 



127. 

124. 

308, 346. 

298. 

407. 

382. 

X. 

13. 

298. 

199. 

199. 

407. 
407. 
407. 
308. 

124. 

124. 

124. 

298, 299, 328, X. 

124, 298. 

298. 

127. 

328. 

467. 

127, 328. 

13, 43, 103, 127, 229, 298, 308, 413, 

467, 474, X. 
43, 382. 
328. 

328. 

43, 127. 

74, 328. 

13, 103, 127, 229, 298, 467, X. 

127. 

328. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 194 4 



113 



Table 20B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Plasticizers for which United States pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identiflcation num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



PLASTICIZERS, CYCLIC— Con. 
-Con. 



'Phthalic acid or anhydride esters- 

Di-isobutyl phthalate 

Dimethylcenosolve phthalate (Di-(ethylene glycol monomethyl 
ether) phthalate) (Di-(methoxyethyl) phthalate). 

Di-(methylcyclohexyl) phthalate -. - 

*Dimethyl phthalate -.- 



Di-n-octyl phthalate 

Diphenyl phthalate .-. 

Ethyl phthalyl ethyl glycolate 

Glyceryl tributyl triphthalate 

Methyl phthalyl ethyl glycolate 

Polyoxypropylene phenyl propionate. 

Styrene, polymerized plasticizer 

Tetrahy drof urfury 1 oleate 

ToluenesulTonamide, o, p mixture 



PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC 

Azelaic acid esters: 

Di-isobutyl azelate -. - 

Monomethyl azelate. 

Citric acid esters: 

Acetyltri-n-butyl citrate. 

Acetyltriethyl citrate 

Tributyl citrate 

Triethyl citrate 

Diethylene glycol ester of mixed fatty acids 

Diethylene glycol dipropionate 

Fraternity oil, hydrogenated 

Glyceryl tributyrate 

Glyceryl triprorionate 

* Laurie acid esters: 

Butylcellosolve laurate (Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether laurate) 
(Butoxyethyl laurate). 

Butyl laurate 

Diethylene glycol dilaurate 

Diethylene glycol monolaurate 

Glyceryl monolaurate 

1, 2-Propylene glycol monolaurate 

Triethylene glycol laurate 

All other 

Mannitol hexa-acetate 

Octadecadiene, octadecene nitrile mixture ., 

*01eic acid esters: 

Amyl oleate.— 

Butyl oleate 

Diethylene glycol mono-oleate 

Ethyl oleate 

Glyceryl diacetyltartrate mono-oleate 

Glyceryl mono-oleate 

Methylcellosolve oleate (Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether ole- 
ate) (Methoxyethyl oleate). 

Methyl oleate 

Polyglyceryl oleate 

1, 2-Propyleneglycol mono-oleate 

All other 

Pelargonic acid esters: 
Butylcellosolve pelargonate (Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether 
pelargonate) (Butoxyethyl pelargonate). 

Diethylene glycol dipelargonate 

•Phosphoric acid esters: 

Tributylcellosolve phosphate (Tri-(ethylene glycol monobutyl 
ether) phosphate). 

Tributyl phosphate 

Triethyl phosphate 

Polyethylene glycol 

Ricinoleic acid esters: 

n-Butyl acetylricinoleate 

n-Butyl acetylricinoleate, polymerized 

Butyl ricinoleate 

Cellosol ve ricinoleate (Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether ricinoleate) 
(Ethoxyethyl ricinoleate). 

Diethylene glycol monoricinoleate 

Ethyl acetylricinoleate 

Glyceryl monoricinoleate 

Glyceryl triacetylricinoleate (Castor oil, acetylated) 



127. 
127, 328. 

127. 

13, 16, 127, 166, 199, 229, 

376, 499, X. 
328. 
298. 
298. 
13. 
298. 
34. 
124. 
205. 
298. 



187, 328. 
141. 

350. 

350. 

103, 127,350. 

127, 350, X, X. 

141. 

328. 

205. 

478. 

X. 

187, 233. 

233. 

305. 

143, 165, 181, 233. 

181,233. 

233. 

450. 

181. 

34. 

24. 

407. 

233, 305, 328. 

181, 233, X. 

233. 

143. 

233, X. 

328. 

305. 
143. 
233. 
181. 

187, 

141. 

328. 

103, 298. 
298, X. 
74. 

40. 
40. 
40. 
181. 

305. 

40. 

181, 233, 305. 

40. 



8, 322, 



114 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 20B. — Synthetic organic chemicals :'Plasticizers for which United States pro- 
duction or sales werejreported, identified Jby manufacturer, 1944 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Ricinoleic acid esters — Continued 

Methyl acetylricinoleate 

Methylcellosolve acetylricinoleate (Ethylene glycol monomethyl 

ether acetylricmoleate) (Methoxyethyl acetylricinoleate). 
Methylcellosolve ricinoleate (Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether 
ricinoleate) (Methoxyethyl ricinoleate). 

Methyl ricinoleate 

Sebacic acid esters: 
Dibutylcellosolvc sebacate (Di-(ethylene glycol monobutyl ether) 
sebacate) (Di-(butoxyethyl) sebacate). 

*Dibutyl sebacate 

Diethyl sebacate 

Dimethyl sebacate 

Sorbitan tetrapropionate - 

'Stearic acid esters: 

Amyl stearate 

Butylcellosolve stearate (Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether stea- 
rate) (Butoxyethyl stearate). 

*Butyl stearate 

Cellosolve stearate (Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether stearate) 
(Ethoxyethyl stearate). 

Diethylene glycol distearate 

Diethylene glycol monostearate 

Diethylene glycol monohydroxystearate 

Glyceryl distearate... 

Glyceryl monohydroxystearate 

•Glyceryl monostearate _. 

Isopropyl stearate 

Methylcellosolve stearate (Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether 
stearate) (Methoxyethyl stearate). 

Methyl dichlorostearate 

Methyl pentachlorostearate 

Methyl stearate 

Polyethylene glycol monostearate 

Polyglyceryl stearate 

1, 2-Propylene glycol monostearate 

All other 

Sucrose octa-acetate... 

Tartaric acid esters: 
Dibutylcellosolvc tartrate (Di-(ethylene glycol monobutyl ether) 
tartrate) (Di-(butoxyethyl) tartrate). 

Dibutyl tartrate 

Triethylene glycol di-2-ethylbutyTate 

Triethylene glycol di-2-ethylhexoate 

All other 



40. 
40, 328. 

40. 

40, 233. 

127. 

103, 127, 192, 382, X. 

233. 

103, 127, 192. 

34. 

407. 
328. 

103, 233, 305, X. 

127. 

181 383 

143^ 165," 233, 305, 474. 

305. 

181. 

305. 

143, 165, 181, 233, 305, 430, 474. 

233. 

181, X. 

205. 

205. 

165, 205, 305. 

181. 

143. 

143, 233. 

181. 

315. 

127. 

103, 233. 
74. 
74. 
220, 328. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



Table 21B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 

[Miscellaneous chemicals for which separate statistics are given in table 21A are marked below with an 
asterisk (*) ; chemicals not so marked do not appear in table 21 A because the reported data are confidential 
and may not be published. Manufacturers are identified by numbers in the alphabetical list appearing 
in table 22. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification 
number with the designated product] 



Chemical 


Manufacturers' identification num 
bers (according to list in table 22) 


MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 

Acetyl-p-aminophenol .., 

2-Aminobenzothiazole 

Aniline-acetone 


137, 157. 

137. 

298. 


Barium iso-octylphenol sulfide and stearol 

Benzoic acid salts: 
Ammonium benzoate . 


437. 
205, 298. 


*Sodium benzoate . ... 


127, 201, 205, 298, 457. 


a-Beuzoin oxime 


134, 149. 


Benzothiazole 


298. 


Benzoyl peroxide 


261. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



115 



Table 21 B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, i 944— Continued 



Chemical 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

0- and p-Benzylphenol 

•Biological stains ' 

Bis-tert-amylphenol sulfide, calcium salt.""!'"" 

n-Butylcatechol _ ------- 

p-tert-Butylcatechol . """ 

tert-Butyl perbenzoate 

p-tert-Butylphenol 

Camphene , I." " 

Camphocarboxylic acid l-l.ll]\^lll]l" I 

p-Carboxybenzenesulfondichloramide (Halozone)- 
*Chemical indicators: 

o-Cresolphthalein 

o-Cresolsulfonphthalein (Cresolred) """"^ "]"]"'. 

m-CresolsuIfonphthalein (m-Gresol purple") W 

Dibromo-o-cresolsulfonphthalein (Bromocresol purple) " ' 

Dibromothymolsulfonphthalein (Bromothymol blue) 
Dichlorophenolsulfonphthalein (Chlorophenol red) 

Methyl red 

Phenolsulfonphthalein (Phenol red) """II" 

Tetrabromo-m-cresolsulfonphthalein (Bromocresol green) 
Tetrabromophenolsulfonphthalein (Bromophenol blue) 

Thymolphthalein 

Thymolsulfonphthalein (Thymol blue) 

Another 

*Chemical reagents: 

p-Aminodiphenylamine diazosulfate 

Aurintricarboxylic acid 

Barium diphenylamine sulfonate I.IIIIIIIIIIII 

p-Diazodiphenylamine magnesium sulfate mixture III 

p-Diazodiphenylamine zinc chloride double salt 

l-Diazo-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid._ 

2,6-Dibroraoquinone chloroimide _ 

Diphenylbenzidine 

Diphenylcarbazone IIII 

Diphenylthiocarbazone (Dithizone) ... __ I 

a.a'-Dipyridyl (2,2'-Bipyridine) 

p-Nitrobenzeneazoresorcinol 

Nitrosophenylhydroxylamine (Cupferron) 

Potassium biphthalate 

Quinhydrone IIIIIIIIIIII.IIIII.IIII 

Sodium-2,6-dichlorobenzenonein"dophenol-._ 

Sulfosalicylic acid I 

All other III II I I 

Cyclohexane " _'_ ----- 

Cyclohexanol IIIIIIIIIIIIII..IIII 

Cyclohexanone II I "III" 

Cyclohexyl phosphite ".[.I I 

'Cyclopropane '"_ 

Decahydronaphthalene (Decalin) I 

Diazodinitrophenol ' I~~ 

Dibenzyl disulfide 

Dichlorobenzyl disulfide IIIIIII 

*N,N'-Diethyldiphenylurea 

Diethylene oxide (Dioxan) 

2,2'-Dihydroxy-5,5'-dichlorodiphenyImethane 

2,2^-Dihydroxy-3,5,6,3',5',6'-hexachlorodiphenyimethane 

2,2 7Dihydroxy-3,3',5,5'-tetra-amyldiphenylmonosulflde, barium salt 
Di-isobutylene-phenolsulfur monochloride. - 

6,12-Dimethylceroxenyl acetate _ "" 

Diphenylearbazide ~~~" 

Ergosterol, crystalline I 

Ethyl benzoylacetate I 

Ethyleneglycol monophenyl ether I.. I 

'Flotation reagents: 

Dicresyl dithiophosphoric acid 

Dieresyl dithiophosphoric acid, ammonium salt 
Dicresyl dithiophosphoric acid, sodium salt 

Di-o-tolylthiourea 

Thiocarbanilide III 

Fluorobenzene I I 

Furan derivatives: 

Furfural 

Furfuryl alcohol 

Furfuryl mercaptan IIIIIIIII I "I 

Hydrofuramide III" 

Tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol--. mill 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



196, 304, X. 

407. 

298. 

124. 

465. 

124. 

127. 

1. 

1. 

157. 

134, 157, 304, 449. 

134, 304, 340, 449. 

134, 304, 340, 449. 

134, 304, 340, 449. 

134, 304, 449. 

157, 304. 

48,134,211,304,340,449. 

134,304,449. 

134, 304, 449. 

134, 157. 

134, 304, 449. 

99, 245, 304. 

137. 

134,449. 

134. 

137. 

137. 

137. 

134, 304. 

134. 

157. 

134, 157. 

134, 149. 

134. 

134. 

173,286. 

134, 286. 

134. 

157, 286. 

304. 

43, 124, 127. 

127, 205, 298. 

43, 127. 

43. 

136, 269, 329, 426. 

127. 

199. 

157,205. 

205. 

91, 127, 202, 407. 

74. 

X. 

X. 

13. 

13. 

499. 

157. 

299, 429. 

467. 

74. 

X. 
X. 
X. 
X. 

13, 127, 298, 304. 
134. 

374. 

205, 374. 
137. 
374. 
205, 374, 



116 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 21B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals jor which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 194-4 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Con. 

♦Gallic acid, tech.-. 

Gases (poisonous, tear, etc.): Chloroacetophenone 

Gasoline antioxidants. - 

Gasoline inhibitors -- 

Guanine --- -- 

1-Hydrocyclohexylhydroperoxide-l--- 

♦Insecticides, synthetic: 

N.N-Benzoylethylcyclohexylamine... --. 

Benzyl thiocyanate 

•4,4'-Dichlorodiphenyl-l,l,l-trichloroethane (DDT) 

2,4-Dinitroanisole-.. - - 

4,6-Dinitro-o-cresol --- 

4,6-Dinitro-o-cresol, sodium salt 

Fenchyl thiocyanoacetate 

Phenothiazine • 

Xanthone • 

Mesoxalylurea (Alloxan) --- 

Methylcyclohexane • 

Methylcyclohexanol (Methyl hexalin) 

4-Methyl-5-(/3-hydroxyethyl)thiazole --- 

Methylphloroglucinol 

Morpholine - ■ 

Naphthenic acid salts: 

Chromium naphthenate. — - -- 

Cobalt naphthenate 

Copper naphthenate -- — 

Iron naphthenate 

Lead naphthenate... 

Manganese naphthenate -■ 

Mercury naphthenate - 

Nickel naphthenate. -.. 

Naphthenic, oleic, and coconut fatty acid mixture, aluminum soap 

Octylphenol 

Octylresorcinol... - 

Phenol, hydrogenated - - 

2-Phenylbutyric acid 

Phenyl mercuric derivatives: ' 

Phenyl mercuric acetate 

Phenyl mercuric chloride 

Phenyl mercuric cyanamide 

Phenyl mercuric hydroxide - 

Phenyl mercuric nitrate 

Phenyl mercuric salicylate..- -. 

All other - --- 

Phenylphosphoric acid, disodium salt 

Phenylsemicarbazide — 

Phloroglucinol 

♦Photographic chemicals: 

p-Aminophenol hydrochloride. 

p-Aminophenol sulfate 

♦Benzotriazole. 

Catechol (Pyrocatechin)... 

Chlorobenzotriazole 

Chlorohydroquinone. 

2,4-Diaminophenol dihydrochloride (Amidol). 

♦Hydroquinone (Hydroquinol) 

♦p-Hydroxyphenylglycine 

p-Methylaminophenol sulfate (Metol) (Rhodol) 

Phthalic acid, sodium salt. 

♦plant hormones: 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyaceticacid. 

a-Indole-3-n-butyric acid 

Naphthaleneacetamide (N-Acetylnaphthylamine) 

Naphthaleneacetic acid 

2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid 

♦Plasticizers. See table 20B. 

Propylcyclohexanol 

♦Pyrogallol (Pyrogallic acid) 

Quinoidine, sulfurized 

Quinone 

Research chemicals 

Rosin acid salts: 

Calcium resinate .- 

Manganese resinate 

Zinc resinate 

' See table 13B for medicinal grades. 



134, 269, 513. 

154, X. 

127, 208. 

456. 

284. 

465. 

298. 
205. 
41, 91, 127, 140, 173, 274, 286, 290, 

298, 306, 351, 413, X. 
165, 479. 
X. 
X. 
X. 

124, 127, 241, 308. 
124, 173. 
137. 
43, 306. 
127,205. 
286. 
137. 
74. 

326. 

194, 326. 

194. 

326. 

326. 

194, 326. 

326. 

194. 

193. 

X. 

157. 

205. 

137. 

49. 

49, 189. 

X. 

49. 

49. 

49. 

49. 

340. 

137, 157. 

137. 

134. 

137. 

134, 137, 149. 

X. 

149. 

137. 

30, 479. 

78, 127, 134, 456, 479, 513. 

.30,127,130.x. 

127, 134,479,513, X. 

171. 

12. 

286. 

12,494. 

12, 13, 124, 173, 494. 

12. 

205. 

134, 269, 513. 

127. 

513. 

65, 134, 157, 284, 390. 

13. 
13. 
13. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



117 



Table 21B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Continued 



Chemical 


Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 


MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Con. 
Salicylanilide (Shii'lan) ... . _ 


127. 




134, 157. 


*Surface-active agents. See table 19B. 
*Tanning materials, synthetic: 

Isopropylidinediphenolsulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate 


171. 

117, 250, 298, 304, 388. 


2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate, ammonium 

salt. 
1-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate, sodium salt. 
2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate, sodium salt. 


X. 

23. 
X. 
91. 




171. 


St yrenemaleic anhydride interpolymer, partial sodium salt 

Terpenyl glycol ether. . ... 


127. 
X. 




X. 


Tetrahydronaphthalene (Tetralin) . . 


127. 


Tetraphenylarsonium chloride . . . 


137. 




205. 


Derived from naphthalene. . .. 


127. 




127. 


Thionalid 


137. 




134. 


o-Tolylbiguanide 


298. 


Tri-tert-amylphenyl phosphite . . . 


298. 


Trimethyl cyclohexanol. ... 


205. 


Triphenyl phosphite 


298. 


Veratyl aldehyde bisulfite compound ..... 


127, X. 


o-Xenylbiguanide . 


298. 


MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 
Acetaldehyde 


92, 315, 367, 457, X,X. 


*Acetamide . 


315. 


*Aceticacid: Synthetic (100%) 


74, 103, 127, 315, 367, 456, 467. 


* Acetic acid salts: 

Aluminum acetate . 


13, 127, 173, 286, 315. 




13, 173. 


Cadmium acetate.. . ..... .. 


173. 


Calcium acetate . 


173. 




13, 194. 


Cobalt acetate 


173, 194. 


Copper acetate 


173, 194, 315. 




173. 


Magnesium acetate 


173. 


Mansanese acetate 


194, 315. 




173. 


Nickel acetate. . 


194. 




173, 315. 


Sodium acetate ... . ... 


124, 127, 173, 269, 286, 298, 315. 


Zinc acetate 


173, 194. 


'Acetic anhydride: 


127. 


From ethylene (100%) 


74. 


From ketene (100%) ^ .. . . 


74. 


From recovered acetic acid by the vapor-phase process (100%) 

From acetic acid (other than recovered) by the vapor-phase process 
(100%). 

Mono ... .- . 


456, X. 
456. 

171, 233. 


Di 


233. 


*Tri . . 


166, 199, 202, 233, 261, 305, 456, X. 




149. 


Acetone: 


29, 103, 129, 367, 467. 


*From isopropyl alcohol . 


74, 367, 410, 435, 456. 




28G, 315. 


Acetonvlacetone 


74. 




137. 


Acetylacetone (2,4-Pentanedione) 


134. 




134. 


a-AcetylbutjTolactone ... .. .... ... . . . 


467. 


Acetyl chloride 


165, 171, 205. 


Acetyl iodide . .. 


137. 




467. 


Aconitic acid. . . . . 


171. 


Acrylonitrile . 


13, 127, 388. 



118 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 21B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Adipic acid 

Adiponitrile 

^-Alanine 

Aldol (Acetaldol) 

Alk vl mercaptans, mixed 

Allyl alcohol 

Allyl mercaptan (2-Propene-l-thiol) 

a- Allyl-^-succtnylurea 

Allylurea 

Aluminum isopropylate.-. 

•Amines: 

Allylamine 

2-Aminoheptane 

Amylamines: 

Mono 

Di 

Tri 

Butylamines: 

Mono 

Di 

Tri 

Iso 

Decylamine, dodecylamine, octadecenylamine, octylamine, tetra- 
decylamine mixture. 

Diethylenetriaraine 

Dioctylamine- 

Dipropylenetriamine- 

Dodecylamine 

Ethylamines: 

Mono - 

Di 

Tri 

Ethylenediamine, tech 

Hexadecylamine, tech _ 

Hexadecylamine, octadecenylamine, octadecylamine mixture 

Hcxamethylenediamine .__ 

*Hexamethylenetetramine, tech 

Methylamine: 

Mono 

Di 

Tri 

Octadecylamine 

Polyethyleneamines 

Propylenediamine 

Stearylamine . 

Tetraethylenepentamine ' 

Triethylenetetramine 

Aminoacetic acid, tech. (Glycine) 

Amino acid mixture 

2-Amino-l-butanol 

2-(AminoethyI)aminoethanol (Hydroxyethyl ethylenediamine) 

2-Amino-2-ethyl-l,3-propanediol 

Aminoguanidine sulfate 

2-Amino-2-methy 1-1-propanol (Aminoisobutanol) 

2-Amino-2-methyl-l,3-propanediol 

*Amyl acetates, primary: 

•Normal (90%) -, 

Active (90%) 

Isoamyl (90%) 

•Amyl alcohols: 

•Crude (Fusel oil) (100%) 

Refined fusel oil - - - 

Refined: 
Primary: 

Active (2-Methvlbutanol-l) (100%) 

Isoamyl (3-MethyIbutanoI-l) (100%) 

Normal (n-Butylcarbinol) (100%) 

Secondary: 

Pentanol-2 (Methylpropylcarbinol) (100%). 

Pentanol-3 (Dieth vlcarbinol) 

Tertiary: Amyl (2-Methylbutanol-2) (100%) 

Amylenes, mixed 

Amyl ether -- 

Amyl formate 

Amyl mercaptan (Pentanethiol) 

n-Amyl nitrate 



127. 

127. 

1. 

316 

417. 

70, 410. 

137. 

243. 

243. 

134. 

i37. 



407. 
407. 
407. 

407, X. 

407. 

407. 

127. 

24. 

52, 74. 

74. 
52. 
24. 

407. 

407. 

407. 

52, 74. 

24. 

24. 

127. 

39, 127, 128, 201, 487. 

103, 127, 250, 388. 

103, 127. 

103, 127. 

24. 

74. 

52, 74. 

430. 

74. 

74. 

48. 

X. 

103. 

74. 

103. 

171. 

103. 

103. 

103, 127, 407. 

127. 

168, 324, 343, 467. 

103, 127, 292, 467. 
467. 



127. 

168, 343, X. 

367; 

407, 438. 

407. 

501. 

407. 

407. 

155. 

407. 

286. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



119 



Table 21B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Anhydromethylenecitric acid 03-(Hydroxy methyl) tricarballylic acid 
lactone) . 

Azelaic acid 

Barium dihexyl dithiophosphate 

Barium dilauryl dithiophosphate 

l-Bromo-2,3-epoxypropane 

♦Butadiene, from alcohol: Grade for rubber (elastomers) 

Butyl acetates: 

•Normal (90%) 

ISO (90%) 

Secondary (90%) 

*Butyl alcohols: 
Primary: 

•Normal (n-Propylcarbinol) (100%) 

Iso (Isopropylcarbinol) (100%) 

Secondary (Ethylmethylcarbinol) (100%) 

Tertiary (Trimethylcarbinol) (100%) 

Butyl chloroacetate 

Butyl formate 

Butyl lactate 

Butyl methacrylate 

Butyl vinyl ether . 

n-Butyraldehyde 

n-Butyraldoxime 

n-Butyric acid 

Butyric anhydride 

Butyryl chloride 

n-Caproic acid 

Caprylic acid 

Caprylyl chloride 

•Carbon disulfide 

•Cellulose derivatives: 
Cellulose esters: 

Cellulose acetate 

Cellulose acetate butyrate 

Cellulose acetate propionate 

Cellulose nitrate 

Cellulose ethers: 

Ethyl cellulose 

Methyl cellulose 

Sodium carboxymethylcellulose 

Chemical reagents: Girard's reagent P 1 

•Chloral (Trichloroacetaldehyde) 

Chloroacetamide 

Chloroacetic acid, primary: 

Mono 

Di 



Tri 

Chloroacetyl chloride 

/3-Chloro-a-diethylaminoethane hydrochloride (Novolid salt). 

l-Chloro-3-hydroxypropane 

2-Chloroisopropyl-2-chloroethyl ether 

Chlorokerosene, sulfurized 

Chloromaleic anhydride, mono 

Chromium acetylacetonate 

Citric acid: 

Crude, fermentation 

Refined, fermentation 

Cobalt acetylacetonate -. 

Crotonaldehyde 

Cyanoacetamide .._ 

Cyanoacetic acid 

Diacetone alcohol (4-Hydroxy-4-methyl-2-pentanone) 

Diallyl succinate 

Diallyl sulfide. 

Diamyl sulfide - 

l,3-Dibromo-2-hydroxypropane 

Dibutyl ether (n-Butyl ether) 

Dibutyl oxalate 

Dichlorodiethyl ether (Bis-(2-chloroethyl) ether) 

Dichloroethyl acetate 

Dichloroethyl formal 

Dichloroisopropyl ether 

1 ,3-Dichloro-2-propanol (Glycerol dichlorohydrin) 

Dichlorostearic acid 

Dicyandiamide 

Piethylaminoethanol ,-.,. . ,...,,..,.,.-,..,, 



137. 

141. 

X. 

X. 

329. 

74, 522, X. 

74, 103, 127, 157, 343, 367, 467, X. 

127. 

438. 



29, 74, 103, 367, 467. 

74, 127. 

410, 438. 

410, 524. 

298. 

155. 

103. 

388. 

171. 

74, X. 

304. 

74, 324, X. 

74, X. 

205. 

74, 278, 824. 

X. 

205. 

124, 382, 443, 454, 493, X. 



14, 16, 127, 199, 456, X, X. 

456. 

456. 

199. 

124, 199. 

124. 

199. 

243. 

127, 173, 298, 493. 

286. 

124. 

124. 

124. 

124. 

407, 501. 

329. 

329. 

437. 

304. 

137. 



350. 

94, 350. 

137. 

315, X, X 

48, 229. 

48, 124, 278. 

74, 103, 298, 410. 

137. 

137. 

407. 

329. 

74, 103. 

467. 

74, 124. 

91. 

74. 

74, 124. 

329, 410. 

205. 

13. 

74, 407. 



120 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 21B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Con. 

*l-Diethylamino-4-aminopentane (Novoldiamine) 

l-Diethylamino-4-pentanol (Novol alcohol) -- 

l-Diethylamino-4-pentanone (Novol ketone) 

Diethyl carbonate (Diatol) 

Diethylene glycol 

Diethylene glycol diethyl ether (Diethyl carbitol). .-. 

Diethylene glycol monobutyl ether (Butyl carbitol) 

Diethylene glycol monobutyl ether acetate (Butyl carbitol acetate) . 

Diethylene glycol monoethyl ether (Carbitol) 

Diethylene glycol monoethyl ether acetate (Carbitol acetate) 

Diethylene glycol monomethyl ether 

Diethyl maleate 

♦Diethyl malonate (Malonic ester). _. 

Diethylmalonic ester (Diethyl diethylmalonate) 

Diethyl sulfate (Ethyl sulfate). 

Diglycolic acid - 

Di-isobutyl adipate - 

Di-isopropanolamine 

Dimethyl ether - .- 

Dimethylformamide 

Dimethyl glutarate 

Dimethylglyoxime --- 

Dimethyl maleate 

Dimethylolurea.. 

Dimethyl sulfate 

Dimethylurea 

Dioctanyl disulfide -. 

Dioleyl maleate 

Dipropylene glycol (Bis-(2-hydroxy-l-propyl) ether) 

Drying oil. -. - 

Dulcitol - 

Epichlorohydrin (l-Chloro-2,3-epoxypropane) 

Erucic acid 

Ethane sulfonic acid. 

Ethanolamine: 

Mono - 

Di.. - - 

Tri... 

♦Ethyl acetate (85%).... 

Ethyl acetoacetate - - 

Ethyl acrylate 

Ethyl alcohol, synthetic 

Ethyl bromoacetate 

a-Ethylbutyl acetate 

a-Ethylbutyl alcohol 

a-Ethylbutyraldehyde-.. 

a-Ethylbutyric acid (Diethylacetie acid) 

Ethyl chloroacetate -- 

Ethyl chloroformate (Ethyl chlorocarbonate) 

Ethyl cyanoacetate - 

•Ethylene (from ethyl alcohol and ether) 

Ethylene chlorohydrin 

Ethylene cyanohydrin. 

N,N'-Ethylenediglycine 

•Ethylene glycol 

Ethylene glycol diethyl ether (Diethyl cellosolve) 

Ethylene glycol diacetate.. 

Ethylene glycol dinitrate 

Ethylene glycol monoacetate. 

Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether (Butyl cellosolve) 

Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether (Cellosolve)... 

Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether acetate (Cellosolve acetate) 

Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether (Methyl cellosolve) 

Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate (Methyl cellosolve 

acetate). 
Ethylene oxide 

*Ethyl ether. 

Technical. 

U.S. P 

Absolute --- 

•Ethyl formate - - 

2-Ethylhexanal- 

2-Ethyl-l,3-hexanedioL._. 

2-Ethylhexanol (Octyl alcohol) 

2-Ethylhexoic acid 

2-Ethylhexyl acetate 

Ethyl hydroxy butyrate 



202, 407, 501' 

501. 

407, 467, 501. 

467. 

74, 124. 

74. 

74. 

74. 

74. 

74. 

74. 

304. 

1, 48, 124, 255. 

1. 

74. 

127. 

127. 

74. 

127. 

127. 

127. 

134. 

304. 

127, 486. 

127. 

48, 169, 383. 

437. 

298. 

74, 124. 

127, 389. 

34. 

127, 329, 410. 

157, 501. 

65. 

74, 124. 
74, 124. 
74, 124. 
74, 103, 127, 161, 298, 324, 343, 367, 

408, 450, 467. 
74, 467. 
13, 388. 

69, 74, 127, 438, X. 
124, 134. 
74, 127. 
74. 
74. 
74. 
298. 
467. 
48, 229. 

124, 146, 257, 329, 388, 467, 515, 522. 
74. 
13. 
351. 

74, 124, 127. 
74. 
74. 
199. 
134. 
74. 
74. 
74. 
74. 
74. 

74, 124. 

74, 199, 438, 467, 522, X. 

269, 426. 

467. 

103, 168, 269, 324, 343, 467, X. 

74. 

74. 

74, 157. 

74. 

74. 

13. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



121 



Table 21B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944- — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Con, 

Ethylidene diacetate - 

Ethyl lactate 

Ethyl levulinate 

Ethylmalonic ester (Ethyl ethylmalonate) - 

Ethyl mercaptan 

Ethyl-1-methylbutylmalonic ester 

Ethyl monobromoacetate 

*Ethyl monochloroacetate 

*Ethyl oxalate (Diethyl oxalate) 

Ethyl propionate-- 

Ethyl silicate --- - 

Ethyl sodium acetone oxalate 

Fats and oils, modified: 

Castor oil, dehydrated - 

Castor oil, hydrogenated 

Linseed oil, accelerated 

Linseed oil, conjugated. 

Tall oil, modified 

Fatty acids, chemically modified: 

Castor oil fatty acids, dehydrated 

Coconut oil fatty acid chloride 

Linseed oil fatty acids, conjugated 

Soybean oil fatty acids, conjugated 

*ratty acid esters, not included with plasticizers: 

Butyl palmitate - 

Diethylene glycol mono-soybean 

Ethylene glycol mono-oleate 

Ethylene glycol monostearate 

Ethylene glycol and glycerol esters of tall oil 

Ethyl esters of linseed oil fatty acids 

Ethyl laurate.- 

Glucose polyslycol ether pentastearate 

Glyceryl tall oil esters. , 

Glyceryl tritallow - - 

Isopropyl laurate..- -.. 

Isopropyl laurate and myristate , 

Isopropyl oleate.. 

Isopropyl palmitate 

Methyl tallow 

Pentaerythritol esters linseed fatty acid 

Pentaerythritol soybean fatty acid, esters 

Polyglycol stearate 

Sorbitan linseed fatty acid ester 

Sorbitol polyglycol ether hexastearate 

Fatty alcohols: 

Heptadecanol 

Hexadecanol 

Lauryl alcohol 

Octadecanediol-. 

Tetradecanol-- 

2-Undecanol 

Another , 

Fenchone 

*Flotation reagents: 
Thiophosphates: 

Ammonium di-sec-butyl dithiophosphate 

Sodium di-sec-butyl dithiophosphate.. 

Sodium diethyl dithiophosphate 

Sodium di-isopropyl dithiophosphate... 

Xanthates: 

Butylxanthogen ethyl formate 

Chloronaphtha xanthate 

Ethylxanthogen ethyl formate 

Potassium amyl xanthate 

Potassium butyl xanthate 

Potassium ethyl xanthate 

Potassium isopropyl xanthate 

Potassium pentasol xanthate 

Sodium butyl xanthate... 

Sodium sec-butyl xanthate. 

Sodium ethyl xanthate 

Sodium isopropyl xanthate 

♦Formaldehyde (37% HCHO by weight).. 

Formamide 

Formic acid (90%) 



127. 

13. 

149. 

169, X. 

269, 417. 

1. 

124. 

124, 165, 286, X. 

48, 343, 467. 

127, 168, X. 

74. 

467. 

508. 

127, 205. 
508. 
508. 
300. 

508. 
171. 
508. 
508. 

233, 305. 

233. 

192. 

233. 

508. 

233. 

233. 

34. 

305, 508. 

233. 

143. 

X. 

192. 

143. 

305. 

508. 

508. 

383. 

34. 

34. 

74. 

192, 

X. 

127. 

74. 

74. 

127. 

311. 



X. 
X. 
X. 
X. 

296. 

298. 

296. 

124, 298. 

124, 306. 

124, 298. 

124, 306. 

124. 

X. 

X. 

13, 124. 

X. 

39, 92, 103, 127, 201, 229, 388, X. 

127. 

127,201,480. 



122 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 21B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Continued 



Chemical 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

•Formic acid salts; 

Aluminum formate 

C iiromic formate 

Nickel formate 

*Sodium formate, crude 

Sodium formate, refined 

Fumaric acid 

•Oases (poisonous, tear, etc.): 

Carbonyl chloride (Phosgene) 

C hloropicriu 

O luconic acid , tech .. _ 

Glucose polyglycol ether 

Glyceric acid and calcium salt 

Glycerol chlorohydrin, mono 

Glycerol epichlorohydrin 

Glycol bori-borate 

Glycol diformate -- 

Glycolic acid (Hydroxyacetic acid) 

Glyoxal 

Guanidine carbonate 

Guanidine hydrochloride 

Guanidine nitrate 

Guany Initrosam Lneguanyltetrazene 

•Halogenated hydrocarbons; 
•Chlorides: 

Allyl chloride 

Amyl chlorides, mixed -. 

Butyl chloride: 

Normal 

Secondary 

Tertiary 

*Carbon tetrachloride 

Cetyl chloride 

Chlorinated methane and homologs. 

•Chlorinated paraffin 

Chlorinated propane, liquid _. 

Chlorinated propane, wax... — 

Chloroform: 

•Technical 

•U. S. P 

l,2-Dich!oroethane (Ethylene dichloride) 

Dichloropentane ( Amylene dichloride) 

1,2-Dichloropropane (Propylene dichloride) 

Ethyl chloride: 

Technical 

U. S. P 

Hexachlorobutadiene 

•Hexachloroethane 

Hexachloropropy lene 

Isoamyl chloride (l-Chloro-3-methylbutane) 

Isopropyl chloride 

Methallyl chloride 

•Methyl chloride (Chloromethane): 

Crude 

. Refined, refrigerant grade 

•Methylene chloride (Dichloromethane): 

Crude 

Refined, refrigerant grade 

Pentachloroethane 

sym . -Tetrachloroethane (Acetylene tetrachloride) 

•Tetrachloroet hylene ( Perchloroethylene) 

1,1,2-Trichloroethane (Methyl chloroform) 

Trichloroet hylene 

Vinyl chloride, monomer 

Vinylidene chloride, monomer 

Another 

•Bromides, fluorides, iodides, and mixtures: 

Allyl bromide 

Allyl iodide 

n- Amyl bromide 

2-Bromo-l-chloropropane 

2-Bromopentane 

Butyl bromide: 

Normal 

Iso 

Secondary 

Tertiary 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers ( according to list in table 22) 



127, 480. 

171. 

194. 

127, 201, 480. 

173, 269, 286, 501. 

298, 304, 350. 

205, 316. 

19, 124,215. 

350. 

34. 

157. 

410, X. 

165. 

181. 

74. 

127. 

171. 

13, 157. 

157. 

308. 

X. 



329, 410. 
407. 

74, 407. 

134. 

134, X. 

120, 124, 317, 454, 493, X. 

137, 287. 

47. 

9, 120, 199, 202, 205, 433, 437. 

205. 

205. 

62, 124, 127. 

62, 124, 127. 

74, 124, 388, 467. 

407. 

74, 124, 410. 

124, 145. 

124. 

205. 

124, 127, 205, X. 

205. 

255. 

205. 

410. 

47. 

19, 47, 124, 127, 298, 329, 356, 482. 

47, 124. 

47, 124, 127. 

127. 

124, 127, 493. 

124, 127, 493. 

74, 124. 

127, 493. 

74, 124, 127, 182. 

124, 182. 

205. 

124, 290. 
134, 137. 
124. 
329. 
255. 

124, 134, 157, 290. 

124. 

134, X. 

134. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



123 



Table 21B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

•Halogenated hydrocarbons— Continued 
♦Bromides, fluorides, iodides, and mixtures — Continued 

Cetj'l bromide 

Cetyl iodide 

l-Chloro-2,3-dibromopropane 

Chlorodifluoromethane, mono 

l,3-r)ibromopropane (Trimethylene bromide) 

Dichlorodifluoromethane 

Dichloromonofluoromethane 

Dichlorotetrafluoroethane 

•Ethj'l bromide 

Ethylene dibromide (1,2-Dibromoethane) ^. 

Isopropyl bromide 

•Methyl bromide 

1-Methylbutyl bromide „ 

Methylene bromide (Dibromomethane) 

Methylene iodide, tech... 

Methyl iodide, tech. 

sec-Octyl bromide 

n-Propyl bromide 

Tetrabromoethane (Acetylene tetrabromide) 

1,2,3-Tribromopropane 

Trichloromonofluoromethane. 

Trichlorotrifluoroethane 

Trimethylene bromide 

Trimethylene chlorobromide 

Heptane 

Hexadecaneamide 

Hexamethylenediammonium adipate 

n-Hexyl alcohol 

n-Hexyl ether 

Hydrocarbon mixture, high molecular weight.. 

2-Hydroxyethanesulfonic acid 

a-Hydroxyisobutyronitrile (Acetone cyanhydrin) 

12-Hydroxystearic acid salts: 

Aluminum (di) 12-hydroxystearate 

Zinc (di) 12-hydroxystearate. 

Insecticides: 

Aliphatic thiocyanates 

Cyclohexyl caprate 

Indalone 

Isobutylundeeylenamide 

Lorol rhodanate 

Isoamylethylmalonic ester 

Isobutyl propionate - 

Isobutyraldenyde 

Isobutyric acid 

Iso-octane cutting oil 

Isoprene 

Isopropyl acetate 

*Isopropyl alcohol (Isopropanol) (100%) 

•Isopropyl ether ._ 

Isopropylethylmalonic ester _ 

Isopropyl vinyl ether 

Isovaleric acid . 

Lactic acid: 

•Edible (100%) 

Medicinal (100%) 

•Technical (100%) 

Lactic acid salts: 

Calcium lactate 

Ferrous lactate. 

•Sodium lactate 

Strontium lactate 

Lauroyl peroxide 

Levulinic acid (/3-Acetylpropionic acid) 

Linoleic acid salts: 

Cobalt linoleate 

Lead manganese linoleate 

Manganese linoleate 

Lorol chloride- - 

•Maleic acid and anhydride 

Malic acid 

Malonicacid 

Mannitol 

Mannitol hexanitrate 



134, 137. 

137. 

329. 

237. 

329. 

237. 

237. 

237 

1, 124, 146, 169, 290. 

124, 145, 146, 493. 

124, 329, X. 

124, 290, 356, 493. 

1. 

124, 134. 

286, 501. 

390. 

137. 

124, 134, 329. 

124, 157, 329. 

329. 

237. 

237. 

1, 124, 329. 

124, 136, 329. 

74. 

24. 

127. 

74. 

74. 

X. 

171. 

127. 

218. 
218. 



233. 

467. 

127. 

127. 

255. 

127. 

127. 

127, 

205. 

311, 436. 

74, 438. 

74, 410, 438. 

74, 410, 438. 

X. 

171. 

60, 324, X. 

20, 25, 95, 127, 409. 

20. 127. 

20, 25, 95, 127, 409. 

25, 409. 

269. 

20,25,202,269,286,409, 

269, 286. 

261. 

427. 

13. 

13. 

13. 

127. 

13, 298, 304. 

304. 

124, 157, 165,fX. 

34. 

34. 



697646 — i6- 



-9 



124 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 21B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification num. 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Con. 

Melamine 

Mercury disinfectants: 
Seed. 



All other.. 

Mesityl oxide (Isopropylideneacetone) - 

Metaldehyde 

Methacrylates, above methyl 

Methacrylic acid 

Methallyl alcohol (2-Methyl-2-propen-l-ol) 

•Methanol (synthetic) 

Methoxymethoxyethanol -.- 

Methoxytriglycol acetate 

Methyl acetate --- 

Methyl acrylate, monomer 

Methyl amyl ketone .' 

Methyl borate 

Methyl diethanolamine.-- - 

N.N'-Methylenedialanine. 

N,N'-Methylenediglycine 

Methyl ethyl ketone (2-Butanone) (Methyl acetone) 

Methyl formate -- 

Methyl hydroxyacetate 

Methyl isobutyl carbinol 

Methyl isobutyl carbinol acetate 

Methyl isobutyl ketone 

Methyl isobutyl ketone and methyl isobutyl carbinol and ketone 
blend. 

Methyl lactate 

Methyl methacrylate 

2-Methyl-2,4-pentanediol 

Methyl propyl ketone (2-Pentanone) 

Methyl succinate 

N-Methyltaurine 

Methyl vinyl ether 

Monoethanolamine sulfite 

Monoethyl-ethylmalonic acid 

Myrcene (7-Mcthyl-3-methylene-l,6-octadiene) 

Nitrohydroxy compounds: 

2-Nitro-l-butanol , 

2-Nitro-2-ethyl-l,3-propanediol-- 

2-Nitro-2-methyl-l,3-propanediol 

2-Nitro-2-methyl-l-propanol 

Tris-(hydroxymethyl)nitromethane 

Nitroparaffins: 

Nitroethane 

Nitromethane 

1-Nitropropane 

2-Nitropropane 

Nonenoicacid 

Nonyl alcohol. 

Octadecane amide (mixtures) 

Octadecanenitrile 

Octanol-1 (N-Capryl alcohol). 

Octyl oleyl maleate 

Oleic acid salts: 

Aluminum oleate 

Lead oleate 

Oleic chloride 

•Oxalic acid 

Oxalic acid salts: 

•Ammonium oxalate 

Ferric ammonium oxalate 

Ferric sodium oxalate 

Ferrous oxalate 

Potassium binoxalate 

Potassium oxalate 

Sodium oxalate 

Palmitic acid salts: 

Aluminum palmitate 

Zinc palmitate. 

Palmitoyl chloride 

Paracetaldehyde 

Paraformaldehyde 

Pelargronic acid 

Pelargonyl chloride 

Pelviren acid. 

•Pentaerythrito) 



69. 

127. 

127. 

74, 410. 

103. 

127. 

127. 

410. 

09, 74, 92, 103. 

127. 

74. 

74, 127, 315. 

388, 

74. 

127. 

74. 

351. 

351. 

74, 410, X. 

127. 

127. 

74. 

74. 

74, 410. 

410. 

95. 

127, 388. 

103. 

438. 

168. 

171. 

171. 

269. 

1. 

465. 

103. 
103. 
103. 
103. 
103. 

103. 

103. 

103. 

103. 

X. 

478, X. 

24. 

24. 

192. 

298, 

13. 

13. 

143,171. 

173,331,350,480. 

173, 269, 286, 350. 

350. 

350. 

269, 350. 

173. 

173, 350. 

173, 269, 286, 480. 

13. 

13, 495. 

171. 

315. 

39, 127, 201. 

141. 

205. 

501. 

199, 201, 459, X. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



125 



Table 21 B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' Identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Con. 

Pentaerythritol tetranitrate 

Phorone (Di-isobutylene ketone) 

Phosphorus derivatives of high molecular weight hydrocarbons. 

o,|S-Pinene, polymerized 

Pine oil, synthetic. - - 

♦Plasticizcrs. See table 20B. 

Polyethylene 

Polypropylene glycol - 

Propionaldehyde 

Propionic acid '. -.- 

Propionic acid salts: 

Calcium propionate 

Sodium propionate --- 

Propionic anhydride -. 

Propionyl chloride.. 

n-Propyl acetate 

n-Propyl alcohol (Propanol) 

Propylene 

Propylene chlorohydrin 

Propylene glycol - 

Propylene glycol glucoside -.. 

Propylene oxide 

Propyl mercaptan (1-Propanethiol) 

Pyruvic acid 

Research chemicals 

Saccharic acid 

Saccharic acid, calcium salt 

Sarcosine 

Sebacic acid 

Semicarbqzide hydrochloride - 

Sodium ethoxide 

Sodium methylate 

Sodium oxalacetate 

Sorbitol 

Starch solution, hydrogenated.. 

•Stearic acid salts: 

Aluminum stearate: 

Mono .- 

*Di.... 

*Tri 

Ammonium stearate 

Barium stearate 

*Calcium stearate 

Copper stearate - 

Cupric stearate 

Iron stearate 

Lead stearate. 

*Maguesium stearate - 

*Zine stearate 

Stearoyl chloride 

Stcaryl peroxide 

Succinic acid - 

Succinichlorimide 

Succinic anhydride 

Succinimide 

Sulfoacetic acid 

Sulfonated thiocarbanilide 

Sulfurized thialkene vrax olefins.. 

♦Surface-active asents. See table 19B. 
Tartaric acid salts: 

Antimony potassium tartrate 

Potassium sodium tartrate. 

Tetraethvlene!?lycol dimethyl ether 

Tetraethyl lead 

Tetramethyl ammonium formate 

Tetramethylethyleneclycol ..- 

Textile chemicals, other than surface-active agents: 

Ethylaminoethylethanol-fatty-amide . 

Methylaminoethylethanol-fatty -amide 

Thioplycerol 

*Thioglycohc acid and salts 

Thioglycolic acid anhydride 

♦Thiourea 

Triamyl borate. 

Tribromoacetaldehyde (Bromal) 

Tributyl phosphite 

Triethylene glycol.,. -- 



199, 459, X. 

74. 

X. 

205. 
199. 

127. 
74. 
127. 
127, X. 

127. 

127. 

74, X. 

205. 

127, 155, 157, 168, X. 

127. 

127. 

X. 

74, 124, 127. 

34. 

74, 124. 

417. 

69. 

65, 105, 134. 

157. 

157, 269, 350. 

171. 

192, 305. 

149, 157. 

467. 

127, 279. 

467. 

34, 350. 

205. 



164, 194, 269, 305, 486. 

13, 164, 194, 218, 209, 305, 451, 486, 495. 

13, 104, 194, 269, 305, 486, 495. 

181, 194, 305. 

164, 495. 

13, 164, 194, 269, 305, 451, 486, 495. 

194, 

486. 

194, 486. 

194, 486. 

13, 164, 194, 269, 305, 451, 486, 495. 

13, 164, 194, 269, 305, 451, 486, 495. 

171. 

X. 

304. 

304. 

134, 298, 304, 340. 

304. 

127. 

298. 

111. 



350. 

350. 

74. 

145. 

390. 

X. 

5. 

5. 

147, 

134 

137 

69, 

407, 

501. 

127. 

74, 124. 



, 147, 149, 276, 442, 501, X. 
274, 298. 



126 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 2 IB. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for lohich United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1944 — Con. 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 22) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Tricthyl orthoaoetate - 

Triethyl orthoformate- 

TriPlhyl ortbopropionate - - 

Triglycol dichloride... 

Tri-isobutylene - -. - - - -- 

Tri-isopropanolfimine - -- 

•Trimethyiene chlorohydrin 

Trimetbylene slycol -- 

Tris-(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane.- -- 

Turpentine sulfide 

Undecyclenic acid... - 

Urea (solid) ._ 

Urea in solid fertilizer 

Urea in urea-ammonia solution 

Urea in feed compound 

Valerolactone, gamma. _ 

Vinyl acetate, monomer 

Another — - - 



134. 

229. 

131 

74. 

165. 

74. 

134, 255, 329. 

329. 

103. 

205. 

40. X. 

127. 

127. 

127. 

127. 

298. 

127, 315. 

205, 343. 



DIRECTORY^OF MANUFACTURERS 

In 1944 the directory of manufacturers was compiled from more 
than 530 companies producing synthetic organic chemicals which 
reported to the Tariff Commission, compared with 500 companies in 
1943 and about 300 in the immediate prewar years. Not all the 
companies wliich report production to the Tariff Commission manu- 
facture synthetic organic chemicals for sale; some consume their 
entire output. 

The directory of manufacturers is given in table 22. 

Table 22.— Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1944 

[Names of synthetic organic chemical manufacturers who reported production and sales to the United 
States Tariff Commission, 1944, or who are listed as manufacturers of synthetic organic chemicals in other 
directories or publications available to the public. These companies do not necessarily produce sjmthetie 
organic chemicals for sale; some consume their entire production in further processing] 



Num- 
ber 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in parentheses if 
not in same city as office) 



Abbott Laboratories... 

A. C. Spark Plug Division, General 
Motors Corp. 

Ad-Co Color Corp... 

Advance Paint Co 

Alframine Corp 

Alkydol Laboratories, Inc.. 

Althouse Chemical Co 

Amalgamated Chemical Corp 

Amecco Chemicals, Inc .._ 

American Alkyd Industries, Inc 

American Aniline Products, Inc 

American Chemical Paint Co 

American Cyanamid Co 



American Molding Powder & Chemical 

Corp. 
American Tar & Chemical Co... 



American Viscose Corp. 



14th St. and Sheridan Rd., North Chicago, lU. 
1300 N. Dort Highway, Flint 2, Mich. 

66 Lister Ave., Newark 5, N. J. 

545 W. Abbott St., Indianapolis 7, Ind. 

155 E. 44th St., New York 17, N. Y. (Paterson 4, 

N. J.). 
3242 S. 50th Ave., Cicero 50, 111. 
540 Pear St., Reading, Pa. 
Ontario and Rorer Sts., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 
75 Rockwood St., Rochester 10, N. Y. 
Broad and 14th St., Carlstadt, N. J. 
50 Union Square, New York 3, N. Y. (Lock Haven 

Pa.). 
Brookside Ave., Ambler, Pa. 
30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York 20, N. Y. (Azusa, 

Calif.; Bound Brook, Warners and Woodbridge, 

N. J.; Bridgeville, Pa.; Charlotte, N. C; Wallingford, 

Conn.; and Pearl River, N. Y.). 
44 Hewes St., Brooklyn 11, N. Y 

2240 Sun Life Bldg., Montreal 2, Canada (Duluth, 

Minn.). 
Delaware Trust Bldg., Wilmington 99, Del. (Mead- 

ville, Pa.) I 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



127 



Table 22. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1944 — 

Continued 



Name of company 



Oflico address Gocaf.ion of plant given in parentheses If 
not in same city as office) 



Amino Products Division, International 
Minerals & Chemical Corp. 

Ansbacher-Siegle Corp 

Ansul Chemical Co 

Apex Chemical Co., Inc 



Appleton Coated Paper Co 

Arco Co 

Arkansas Co., Inc 

Armour Chemical Division, Armour & 
Co. 

Armstrong, C. M., Inc 

Armstrong Cork Co... 

Armstrong Paint & Varnish Works 

Arnold, HoSman & Co., Inc 

Asociacion Azucarera Cooperative La- 
fayette. 

Associated Chemists, Inc 

Atlantic City Gas Co. 

Atlantic RefinLng Co 



Atlas Oil & Refining Corp. 
Atlas Powder Co - 



Atlas Refinery, Inc 

Atlas Wall Paper Mills, Inc 

Augusta Chemical Co 

Ault & Wiborg Division, Interchemical 

Corp. 
Bakelite Corp 



Baker Castor Oil Co 

Baker, J. T., Chemical Co 

Baker Oil Tools, Inc 

Barrett Division, Allied Chemical & 
Dye Corp. 



Bates Chemical Co., Inc 

Bayer Co. Division, Sterling Drug Co... 

Beaudry Wall Paper Corp 

Belle Alkali Co 

Bonzol Products Co 

Berk, F. W., & Co., Inc 

Berkeley Chemical Corp 

Berry Brothers, Inc 

Bcrsworth, F. C., Laboratories 

Bick & Co., Inc 

Birge Co., Inc 

Blackstone Valley Gas & Electric Co 

Boston Consolidated Qas Co 

Breon, Geo. A., & Co 

Bridgeport Gas Light Co 

Brooklyn Borough Gas Co 

Brooklyn Color Works, Inc 

Brooklyn Union Gas Co 

Brown Co 

Brown, Andrew, Co 

Bnrkart-Schier Chemical Co 

Burroughs Wellcome & Co., Inc 

Bush, Burton T., Inc 

Bush, W. J., & Co., Inc 

Cahot, Samuel, Inc 

Calco Chemical Division, American 
Cyanamid Co. 

California Flaxseed Products Co 

California Ink Co., Inc 

Cambridge Gas Light Co 

Capitol Paint & Varnish Works, Inc 

Carbide & Carbon Chemical Corp 

Carlsen, John G., & Co , 

Carlson, John P., Inc 1 

Camrick, O. W., Co 

Carus Chemical Co., Inc 



20 N. Wacker Drive, Chicago, 111. 

92 Chestnut Ave., Rosebank, Staten Island, N. Y. 

P. O. Box 231, Marinette. Wis. 

225 W. 34th St., New York 1, N. Y. (Elizabethport, 

N. J.). 
1200 N. Meade St., Appleton, Wis. 
7301 Bessemer Ave., Cleveland 4, Ohio. 
185 Foundry St., Newark 5, N. J. 
1355 W. 31st St., Chicago 9, 111. 

9 E. 46th St., New York, N. Y. 

Lancaster, Pa. (Pittsburgh, Pa.). 

1330 S. Kilbourne St., Chicago 23, HI. 

55 Canal St., Providence 1, R. I. (Dighton, Mass.). 

342 Madison Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Arroyo, 

P R ) 
North Collins. N. Y. 

80 Park PI., Newark 1, N. J. (Atlantic City, N. J.). 
260 S. Broad St., Philadelphia 1, Pa. (Port Arthur, 

Tex.). 
P. O. Box 1007, Shreveport, La. 
9th and Market Sts., Wilmmgton 99, Del. (Reynolds, 

Pa., and Atlas Point, Del.). 
142 Lockwood St., Newark 5, N. J. 
Coal City, 111. 

P. O. Box 660, Augusta, Oa. 
1754 Dana Ave., Cincinnati 7, Ohio. 

30 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (Bound Brook and 
Bloomfield, N. J.). 

120 Broadway, New York 5, N. Y. (Bayonno, N. J.), 

PhilhDSburg, N. J. 

6000 Boyle Ave., Los Angeles 11, Calif. 

40 Rector St., New York 6, N. Y. (Bethlehem, Frank- 
ford, and Philadelphia, Pa.; Bufl'alo, Rochester, 
Syracuse, and Troy, N. Y.; Chicago, 111.; Cincinnati, 
Cleveland, Toledo, and Youngstown, Ohio; Detroit, 
Mich.; Edgewater, N. J.; FairQeld, Ma.; Maiden, 
Mass.; Minneapolis, Minn.; St. Louis, Mo.; and 
Savannah, Ga.). 

Scottdale Rd., Lansdowne, Pa. 

170 Varick St., New York 13, N. Y. (Rensselaer, N. Y.), 

46 Elm St., Cortland, N. Y. 

P. O. Box 615, Belle, W. Va. 

237 South St., Newark 5, N J. (Piscataway, N. J.). 

Railroad Ave., Wood-Ridge, N. J. 

942 Summit Ave., Berkeley Heights, N. J. 

211 Leib St., Detroit 7. Mich. 

609 Waverly St., Framingham, Mass. 

1820 N. 12th St., Readmg, Pa. 

390 Niagara St., Bufialo 1, N. Y. 

55 High St., Pawtucket, R. I. 

100 Arlington St., Boston 16, Mass. (Everett, Mass.). 

2000 Baltimore Ave., Kansas City, Mo. 

815 Main St., Bridgeport 1, Conn. 

17th St. and Mermaid Ave., Brooklyn 24, N. Y. 

Morgan and Norman Aves., Brooklyn 22, N. Y. 

176 Remsen St., Brooklyn 2, N. Y. 

650 Main St., Berlin, N. H. 

5431 South Riverside Dr., Los Angeles, Calif. 

1202 Chestnut St., Chattanooga 2, Tenn. 

9 E. 41st St., New York 17, N. Y. (Tuckahoc, N. Y.). 

201 Delawanna Ave., Delawanna, N. J. 

11 E. 38th St., New York 10, N. Y. (Linden, N. J.). 

141 Milk St., Boston 9, Mass. (Chelsea, Mass.). 

Bound Brook, N. J. (Newark, N. J., and Damascus, 
Va.). 

3135 E. 26th St., Los Angeles 23, Calif. 

545 Sansome St., San Francisco 11, Calif. {Berkeley, 
Calif.). 

354 3d St., Cambridge 42, Mass. 

47-55 Rodney St., Brooklyn 11, N. Y. 

30 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (South Charleston, 
W. Va.; Niagara Falls, N. Y.; Whiiing, Ind.; Texas 
City, Tex.; Institute, W. Va.; and Louisville, Ky.). 

1446 W. Kenzic St., Chicago 22, 111. 

420 Carroll St., BrookljTi 15, N. Y. 

20 Mt. Pleasant Ave., Newark 4, N- J. 

1335 8th St., La SaUe, III 



128 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 22. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1944 — 

Continued 



Num- 
ber 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in parentheses If 

not in same city as office) 



79 
80 

81 

82 

83 

84 

85 
86 
87 
88 
89 
90 
91 

92 

93 

94 
95 
96 
97 
98 
99 
100 
101 
102 

103 

104 
105 
106 

107 
108 

109 

110 
111 
112 

113 

114 
115 

116 
117 
118 
119 
120 

121 
122 
123 
124 
125 
126 
127 



128 
129 
130 
131 
132 
133 
134 
135 
136 
137 
138 



Carwin Co 

Casein Co. of America Division, Borden 
Co. 

Cotalin Corp. of America 

Celaneso Corp. of America 

Central Hudson Gas & Electric Corp — 

Central Process Corp 

Chemical Manufacturing Co., Inc 

Chemical Specialties, Inc 

Chemico, Inc-.. 

Chemo Puro Manufacturing Corp 

Childs Pulp Colors, Inc 

Ciba Pharmaceutical Products, Inc 

Cincinnati Chemical WorKs, Inc 

Cities Service OU Co 

Cities Service Refining Co 

Citro Chemical Co 

Clinton Co. 

Coastwise Petroleum Co 

Coca-Cola Co 

Colasta Co., Inc 

Coleman & Bell Co., Inc.. 

Colgate-Palmolive-Peet Co 

Collway Colors, Inc 

Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing 

Co. 
Commercial Solvents Corp 

Commonwealth Color & Chemical Co-.. 

Connecticut Hard Rubber Co 

Connecticut Light & Power Co 

Connecticut Power Co 

Consolidated Edison Co. of New York, 

Inc. 
Consolidated Gas Electric Light & 

Power Co. of Baltimore. 

Continental-Diamond Fibre Co 

Continental Oil Co 

Cook Paint & Varnish Co.- -.. 

Cooks Falls Dye Works 

Coopers Creek Chemical Corp 

Crown Tar Works, Division of Colorado 
Public Service. 

Debruille Chemical Corp.. .- 

Dennis, Martin, Co 

Detroit Edison Co 

Dewey & Almy Chemical Co 

Diamond Alkali Co 

Diar.senol Co., Inc.. 

Distillation Products, Inc 

Dodge & Olcott Co 

Dow Chemical Co 

Dow Corning Corp 

Dubin, H. E., Laboratories, Inc 

DuPont de Nemours, E. I., & Co., Inc. 



Durez Plastics & Chemicals, Inc 

Durite Plastics, Inc 

Dye Specialties Corp 

Dykem Co 

Eakins, J. S. & W. R., Inc 

Eastern Tar Products Corp 

Eastman Kodak Co 

Edcan Laboratories 

Edison, Thomas A., Inc.. 

Edwal Laboratories, Inc 

Electro Technical Products, Inc- 



1310 W. Elizabeth Ave., Linden, N. J. 

350 Madison Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Bainbridge, 

N. Y., and Seattle, Wash.). 
Meadow Road, Fords, N. J. 

150 Madison Ave., New York 16, N. Y. (Amcelle, 
Md.; Celco, Va.; and Newark, N. J.). 

South Road, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. (Newburgh and 

Kingston, N. Y.). 
1900 Lnion Commerce Bldg., Cleveland 14, Ohio 

(Forest Park, 111.). 
Ashland, Mass. 

151 N. Centennial St., Zeeland, Mich, 
1745 Front St., Cuyaho;^a Falls, Ohio. 

48th A\e. and 5th St., Long Island City 1, N. Y. 

43 Summit St., Brooklyn 31, N. Y. 

Lafayette Park, Summit, N. J 

P. O. Bo.x 20, Evanston Station, Cinciimati 7, Ohio 

(Norwood and St. Bernard. Ohio). 
Masonic-Empire Bldg., Bartlesville, Okla. (Tallant, 

(Okla.) 
Lake Charles, La. 
Maywood Ave., Mavwood, N. J. 
P. O. Box 340, Clinton, Iowa. 

1127 Munsey Bide, Baltim.ore2, Md. (Goodhope, La.) 
310 North .A.ve., Atlanta 1, Ga. 
1 Mechanic St., Hoosick Falls, N. Y. 
4101 Main St.. Norwood, Ohio. 
105 Hudson St., Jersev City 2, N. J. 
15 Market St., Paterson. N. J. 
17 Van Dyke Ave., Hartford 15, Conn. 

17 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (Peoria, 111.; Terre 
Haute, Ind.; Harvev, La.; and Agnew, Calif.). 

223 Nevins^t., Brooklyn 17, N. Y. 

407 East St.. New Haven 9, Conn. 

36 Pearl St., Hartford 1, Conn. (Norwalk, Putnam, 
Waterbury, Willimantie, and Winsted, Conn.). 

31 Union St., New London, Conn. (Stamford, Conn.). 

4 Irving PI., New York 3, N. Y. 

Lexington Bldg., Baltimore, Md. 

70 S. Chapel St., Newark, Del. (Bridgeport, Pa.). 

1000 S. Pine St., Ponca City, Okla. 

P. O. Box 389, Kansas City 10, Mo. (Detroit, Mich., 

and Houston, Tex.). • 
Cooks Falls, N.Y. 

River Road, West Conshohocken, Pa. 
900 15th St., Denver 2, Colo. 

1841 Broadway, New York 23, N. Y. 

859 Summer Ave., Newark 4, N. J. 

2000 2d Ave., Detroit 26, Mich. (Marysville, Mich.). 

62 Whittemore Ave., Cambridge 40, Mass. 

535 Smithfield St., Pittsburgh 22, Pa. (Painesville, 
Ohio). 

72 Kinesley St., Buffalo 8, N. Y. 

755 Ridge Rd. W., Rochester 13, N. Y. 

180 Varick St., New York 14, N. Y. (Bayonne, N. J.). 

Midland, Mich. (Pittsburg, Calif., and Freeport, Tex.). 

Midland, Mich. 

250 E. 43d St., New York 17, N. Y. 

10th and Market Sts., Wilmington 98, Del. (Carneys 
Point, New Brunswick; Perth Amboy, Arlington, 
and Newark, N. J.; Waynesboro and Martinsville, 
Va.; Scaford, Del.; Leominster, Mass.; Belle and 
Moundsville, W. Va.: Niagara Falls, N. Y.; El Monte, 
Calif.; and Wyandotte, Mich.). 

Walck Road, North Tonawanda 4, N. Y. 

5000 Summerdale Ave., Philadelphia 24, Pa. 

924 Bergen Ave., Jersey City 0, N. J. 

2307 North 11th St., St. Louis 6, Mo. 

55 Berry St., Brooklyn 11, N. Y. 

605 Lexington Bldg., Baltimore 1, Md. 

343 State St.. Rochester 4. N. Y. 

10 Pine St., South Norwalk, Conn. 

P. O. Box 45, Bloomfield, N. J. 

732 Federal St., Chicago 5, 111. (Ringwood, 111.). 

113 E. Centre St., Nutley 10, N. J. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



129 



Table 22. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 1944 — 

Continued 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in parentheses if 
not in same city as office; 



Elizabethtown Consolidated Gas Co. 

Elko Chemical Works, Inc 

Emery Industries, Inc 



Empire Chemical Co., Inc- 

Emulsol Corp 

Endo Products, Inc 

Ethyl Corp 



Ethyl-Dow Chemical Co 

Evans Chemetics, Inc.. 

Factor, Max, & Co 

Fairmount Chemical Co., Inc 

Falk & Co 

Fall River Gas Works Co 

Farley & Loetscher Manufacturing Co. 

Federal Color Laboratories, Inc 

Federal Laboratories, Inc 

Felton Chemical Co., Inc 

Ferbert-Schorndorfer Co 

Fine Organics, Inc 

Firestone Tire & Rubber Co 

Fitehburg Gas & Electric Light Co 

Forbes Varnish Co.. 

Ford Motor Co 



Foster-Heaton Co 

France, Campbell & Darling, Inc 

Franks Chemical Products Co., Inc. 

Fries Bros., Inc. 

Fries & Fries, Inc... 



Fries, George G., & Co., Inc 

Fritzsche Bros., Inc 

Gane's Chemical Works, Inc 

Gelatin Products Corp 

General Aniline Works Division, Gen- 
eral Aniline & Film Corp. 

General Biochemicals, Inc 

General Chemical Co 



General Color Co 

General Electric Co 

General Foods Corp 

General Mills, Inc 

George, P. D., Co 

Gilman Paint & Varnish Co. 

GliddenCo 

Glyco Products Co., Inc 

Goodrich, B. F., Co 



Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co 

Grand Rapids Varnish Corp 

Gulf Oil Corp 

Guyan Color & Chemical Works 

Hall, C. P., Co 

Halowax Products Division, Union Car- 
bide & Carbon Corp. 

Hamilton Laboratories, Inc 

Hampden Color & Chemical Co 

Harbor Plvwood Corp 

Hardesty, W. C, Co., Inc 

Harmon Color Works, Inc 

Harshaw Chemical Co 



Hart & Harrington, Inc 

Hartman-Leddon Co., Inc. 
Hart Products Corp 



Hema Drug Co., Inc.. 
Hercules Powder Co., Ine. 



Heresite and Chemical Co. 
Heyden Chemical Corp 



Hilton-Davis Chemical Co 

Hoffman- LaRoche, Inc 

Holland Color & Chemical Co. 
Hooker Electrochemical Co 



16 W. Jersey St., Elizabeth 4, N. J. 
60 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (Pittstown, N. J.). 
4300 Carew Tower, Cincinnati 2, Ohio (St. Bernard. 
Ohio). 

399 Codwise Ave., New Brunswick, N. J, 
59 E. Madison St., Chicago 3, 111. 

84-40 101st St., Richmond Hill 18, N. Y. 

405 Lexington Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Deepwater, 

N. J., and Baton Rouge, La.). 
Midland, Mich. (Vv^ilmington, N. C; Freeport, Tex.). 
250 E. 43d St., New York 17, N. Y. (Waterloo, N. Y.)- 
1666 N. Highland Ave., Los Angeles 28, Calif. 
600 Ferry St., Newark 5, N. J. 
P. O. Box 1075, Pittsburgh 30, Pa. (Carnegie, Pa.)i 
155 N. Main St., Fall River, Mass. 
7th and White Sts., Dubuque, Iowa. 
4633 Forest Ave., Cincinnati 12, Ohio. 
185 41st St., Pittsburgh 1, Pa. 
599 Johnson Ave., Brooklyn 6, N. Y. 
12815 Elmwood Ave., Cleveland 11, Ohio. 
211 E. 19th St., New York 3, N. Y. (Lodi, N. J.). 
1200 Firestone Parkway, Akron 17, Ohio, 
89 Broad St., Boston 10, Mass. 
3800 W. 143d St., Cleveland 11, Ohio, 
3000 Schaefer Rd., Dearborn, Mich. (Iron Mountain 

and Kingsford, Mich.). 
16 E. 5th St., Paterson 4, N. J. 
Michigan Ave. and Monroe St., Kenilworth, N. J. 
55 33d St., Brooklyn 32, N. Y. 

92 Reade St., New York 13, N. Y. (Bloomfield, N. J.), 
13 E. 37th St., New York 16, N. Y. (Cincinnati 16, 

Ohio). 
11-25 44th Rd., Long Island City 1, N. Y. 
76 9th Ave., New York 11, N. Y. (Clifton. N. J.). 
43 W. 16th St., New York 11, N. Y. (Carlstadt, N, J,). 
9425 Grinnell Ave., Detroit 13, Mich. 
435 Hudson St., New York 14, N. Y. (Grasselli, N, J. 

and Rensselaer. N. Y.). 
Laboratory Park, Chagrin Falls, Ohio. 

40 Rector St., New York 6, N. Y. (Buffalo, N. Y.; 
Marcus Hook, Pa.; and Edgewater, N. J.). 

24 Avenue B, Newark 5, N. J. 

1 River Road, Schenectady 5, N. Y. (Pittsfield.Mass.), 

250 Park Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Hoboken, N. J.). 

400 S. 4th St., Minneapolis 15, Minn. (Keokuk, Iowa). 
500 N. 2d St., St. Louis 7, Mo. 

W. 8th and Pine Sts., Chattanooga 1, Tenn. 

11001 Madison Ave., Cleveland 2, Ohio (Chicago, 111.). 

26 Court St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

500 S. Main St., Akron 18, Ohio (Niagara Falls, N. Y., 

and Louisville, Ky.). 
1144 E. Market St., Akron 16, Ohio. 
565 Godfrey Ave., SW., Grand Rapids 2, Mich. 
Gulf Bldg., Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Box 1088, Huntington, W. Va. 
2510 First-Central Tower, Akron 8, Ohio. 
30 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (Wyandotte, Mich.) 

120 Patton Ave., Asheville, N. C. 
161 Armory St., Springfield, Mass. 
Hoquiam, Wash. (Aberdeen, Wash.). 

41 E. 42d St., New York, N. Y. (Dover, Ohio). 
P. O. Box 1158, Paterson, N. J. (Haledon, N. J.). 
1945 E. 97th St., Cleveland 6, Ohio (Elyria, Ohio, 

and Philadelphia, Pa.). 
925-929 W. Weed St., Chicago 22, 111. 
6010 Haverford Ave., Philadelphia 31, Pa. 
1440 Broadway, New York 18, N, Y. (Woodbridge, 

N.J.). 
66-38 Clinton Ave., Maspeth, N. Y. 
900 Market St., Wilmington 99, Del. (Parlin, N. J., 

and Hopewell, Va.). 
822 S. 14th St., Manitowoc, Wis. 
393 7th Ave., New York 1, N. Y. (Fords and Garfield, 

N.J.). 
2235 Langdon Farm Rd., Cincinnati 12, Ohio. 
324-424 Kingsland Rd., Nutley 10, N. J. 
P. O. Box 1001, Holland, Mich. 
Bufialo Ave. and 47th St., Niagara Falls, N. Y. 



130 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 22. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1944- 

Continued 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant Riven in parentlieses if 
not in same city as office) 



Houghton, E. F., & Co 

Huggins, James, & Son 

Humble Oil & Refining Co 

Huron Milling Co 

Hyear Chemical Co... 

HynsoD, Westcott & Dunning, Inc 

Imperial Paper & Color Corp 

Industrial DyestufE Co 

Inland Alkaloid Co - 

Innis, Speiden & Co. 

Inter-Coastal Paint Corp 

Interlake Chemical Corp 

International Lubricant Corp 

Ironsides Co 

Irvington Varnish & Insulator Co 

Jamestown Paint & Varnish Co. 

Jamicson, C. E., & Co 

Jennison-Wright Corp 

Jersey Central Power & Light Co 

Johnson, Charles Eneu, & Co - 

Johnson, S. C, & Son, Inc_.. 

Jones-Dabncy Co. Division of Devoe & 
Reynolds Co., Inc. 

Kay & Ess Co 

Kay-Fries Chemicals, Inc 

Keery, Thomas, Co., Inc 

Kennecott Copper Corp., Chine Mines 
Division. 

Kentucky Color & Chemical Co.. 

Kessler Chemical Co., Inc 

Keto Chemical Co., Inc. .- - 

Keystone Color Works, Inc 

Keystone Varnish Co..- 

Kinetic Chemicals, Inc_ 

Kings County Lighting Co. 

Knoedler, A., Co 

Kohnstamm, H., & Co., Inc 

Koppers Co 



Krumbhaar Chemicals, Inc 

Lakeside Laboratories, Inc 

Lamex Chemical Corp 

LaMotte Chemical Products Co 

Laucks, Inc 

Laucks, I. F., Inc 

Leatex Chemical Co 

Lehigh Briquetttng Co 

Lennig, Charles, & Co 

Lever, C, Co., Inc 

Levey, Frederick H., Co., Inc... 

Lewis, John T., & Bros. Co 

Lewis Tar Products Co 

Lilly, Eli, & Co 

Lion Oil Refining Co... 

Liquid Carbonic Corp 

Long, Charles R., Jr., Co., Inc.. 
Long Island Lighting Co 

Lowell Gas Light Co 

Lucidol Corp 

Lueders, George, & Co... 

Maas & Waldstein Co 

Madison Gas & Electric Co 

Magnolia Petroleum Co 



303 W. Lehigh Ave., Philadelphia 33, Pa. 

239 Medford St., Maiden 48, Mass. 

Humble Bldg., Houston 1, Tex. (Baytown and Ingle- 
side, Tex.). 

9 Park Pi., New York, N. Y. 

335 S. Main St., Akron, Ohio. 

1030 N. Charles St., Baltimore 1, Md. 

Glens Falls, N. Y. 

Massasoit Ave., East Providence, R, I. 

Tiptou, Ind. 

117 Liberty St., New York 6, N. Y. (Niagara Falls, 
N. Y. ). 

1248 Walnut Ave., East St. Louis, El. 

1900 Union Commerce Bldg., Cleveland 14, Ohio (Chi- 
cago, 111.). 

P. O. Box 390, New Orleans 1, La. 

270 W. Mound St., Columbus 16, Ohio. 

6 Argyle Ter., Irvington 11, N. J. 

Jamestown, Pa. 

1952-1980 Trombly Ave., Detroit 11, Mich. 

2463 Broadway, Toledo 1, Ohio. 

501 Grand Ave., Asbury Park, N. J. (Long Branch, 
Dover, Belmar, Toms River, Ocean City, and Wild- 
wood, N. J). 

lOth and Lombard Sts., Philadelphia 47, Pa. 

1535 Howe St., Racine, Wis. 

1481 S. nth St., Louisville 8, Ky. 

825 Kisor St., Dayton 1, Ohio. 

180 Madison Ave., New York 16, N. Y. (West Haver- 
straw, N. Y.). 
Cado.sia, N. Y. 
Hurley, N. Mex. 

600 N. 34th St., Louisville 12, Ky. 

State Rd. and Cottman Ave., Philadelphia 35, Pa. 

40-33 23d St., Long Island City 1, N. Y. 

151 W. Gay Ave., York. Pa. 

71 Otsego St., Brooklyn 31, N. Y. 

duPont Bldg., Wilmington 98, Del. (East Chicago, 111., 
and Penn's Neck, N. J.). 

6740 4th Ave., Brooklyn 20, N. Y. 

651 High St., Lancaster, Pa. 

83-93 Park PI., New York 7, N. Y. (Brooklyn, N. Y.). 

430 7th Ave.. Pittsburgh 19, Pa. (Buffalo and Utica, 
N. Y.; Hamilton and Youngstown, Ohio; Chicago, 
111.; Everett, Mass.; Kearny, N. J.; New Haven, 
Conn.; St. Louis, Mo.; St. Paul, Minn.; Woodward, 
Ala.; Swedcland, Pa.; Houston, Tex.; Carrollville, 
Wis.; FoUansbee, W. Va.; and East Providence, 
R. I.). 

24-30 Jacobus Ave., South Kearny, N. J. 

1707 E. North Ave., Milwaukee 1, Wis. 

19 W. 44th St., New York 18, N. Y. 

McCormick Bldg., Baltimore, Md. (Towson, Md.). 

Lockport, N. Y. 

911 Western Ave., Seattle 4, Wash. 

2722 N. Hancock St., Philadelphia 33, Pa. 

First National Bank Bldg., Dickinson, N. Dak. (Le- 
high, N. Dak.). 

222 W. Washington Sq., Philadelphia 5, Pa. (Brides- 
burg, Pa.). 

Howard and Huntingdon Sts., Philadelphia 33, Pa. 

41 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (Brooklyn, N. Y.) 

910 Wideuer Bldg., Philadelphia 7, Pa. 

P. O. Box A, Lyons, 111. (McCook, 111.). 

740 S. Alabama St., Indianapolis 6, Ind. 

Exchange Bldg., El Dorado, Ark. 

2929 E. C7th St., Cleveland 4, Ohio. 

1630 W. Hill St., Louisville 10, Ky. 

250 Old Country Rd., Mineola, N. Y. (Bay Shore, 
N. Y.). 

22 Shattuck St., Lowell, Mass. 

1740 Military Rd., Buffalo 5, N. Y. 

427 Washington St., New York 13, N. Y. (Brooklyn, 
N. Y.). 

438 Riverside Ave., Newark 4, N. J. 

100 N. Fairchild St., Madison 1, Wis. 

P. O. Box 900, Dallas 1, Tex. (Beaumont, Tex.). 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



131 



Table 22. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1944 — 

Continued 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in parentheses it 
not in same city as office) 



Magruder Color Co., Inc 

Makalot Corp 

Mallard, A. E., Laboratories, Inc.. 

Mallinckrodt Chemical Works 

Maltbie Chemical Co 

Marblette Corp 

Marco Chemicals, Inc 

Mardon Wild Corp 

Marietta Dyestuffs Co - 

Marietta Paint & Color Co. 

Martin Laboratories 

Marx, Max, Color & Chemical Co- 

Maschmeijer, A., Jr., Inc 

Mathieson Alkali Works, Inc 

Maxim Chemical Co., Inc 

May, Otto B., Inc 

Maywood Chemical Works 

Mead, Johnson & Co -. 



MearlCorp- 



Mepham, George S., Corp. 
Merck & Co., Inc 



Merrell, Wm. S., Co 

Metropolitan Edison Co 

Metropolitan Utilities Co 

Michigan Chemical Corp 

Midland Industrial Finishes Co- 

Midwest Solvents Co. 

Mid-West Tar Products Corp... 



Miles Laboratories, Inc. 

Milwaukee Gas Light Co 

Minerec Corp 

M & M Wood Working Co_ 
Monsanto Chemical Co 



Montrose Chemical Co- 

Morton Chemical Co , 

Murphy Finishes Corp .., 

Nason, R. N., & Co 

Nassau & Suffolk Lighting Co. 



National Aniline Division, Allied Chem- 
ical & Dye Corp. 

National Oil Products Co.. 

Naugatuck Chemicals Division, U. S. 
Rubber Co. 

Neches Butane Products Co, 

Neville Co 

New Bedford Gas & Edison Light Co_. 

New England Power Association 



Newport Industries, Inc 

New York Color & Chemical Co., Inc. 

(Division of American Dyewood Co.). 
New York Quinine and Chemical 

Works, Inc. 

New York & Richmond Gas Co 

Niacet Chemicals Division, U. S. 

Vanadium Corp. 

Niagara Chlorine Products Co 

Niagara Smeltmg Corp 



Niagara Wall Paper Co 

Ninol Laboratories- 

Nonweiler, A. P., Co 

Nord & Co., Inc 

Norda Essential Oil & Chemical Co., Inc 
Northern Indiana Public Service Co 



Northwestern Chemical Co 

Novocol Chemical Manufacturing Co., 
Inc. 



2385 Richmond Ter., Staten Island 2, N. Y. 

262 Washington St., Boston 9, Mass. (Waltham, Mass.) 

3021 Wabash Ave., Detroit 16, Mich. 

3600 N. 2d St., St. Louis 7, Mo. 

240 High St., Newark 2, N. J. (Morristown, N. J.). 

37-21 30th St.. Long Island City 1, N. Y. 

Sewaren, N. J. 

500 Columbia St., Somerville 43, Mass. 

401 People's Bank Bldg., Marietta, Ohio. 

Greene and Acme Sts., Marietta, Ohio. 

251 E. 139th St., New York 51, N. Y. (Newark, N. J.). 

192-194 Colt St., Irvington 11, N. J. 

43 W. 16th St., New York 11, N. Y. (Newark, N. J.). 
60 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. 

44 Cliff St., New York 7, N. Y. 
198-214 Niagara St., Newark 5, N. J. 
100 W. Hunter Ave., Maywood, N. J. 

St. Joseph Ave. and Pennsylvania St., Evansville 21, 

Ind. 
153 Waverly PL, New York 14, N. Y. (Eastport, 

Maine). 
2001 Lynch Ave., East St. Louis, 111. 
Lincoln Ave., Rahway, N. J. (Elkton, Va.; Rahway, 

N. J.; and Philadelphia, Pa.). 
Amity Rd., Cincinnati 15, Ohio. 
412 Washington St., Reading, Pa. (Easton, Pa.). 
18th and Harney Sts., Omaha 2, Nebr. 
500 N. Bankson St., St. Louis, Mich. 
E. Water St., Waukegan, 111. 
1300 Main St., Atchison, Kans. 
332 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago 4, 111. (East Chicago, 

Ind.). 
1127 Myrtle St., Elkhart, Ind. 
626 E. Wisconsin Ave., Milwaukee 1, Wis. 
120 Broadwav, New York 5, N. Y. (Baltimore 25, Md.). 
2301 Columbia Blvd., Portland 3, Oreg. 
1700 S. 2d St., St. Louis, Mo. (Everett and Springfield, 

Mass.; Texas City, Tex.; Nitro, W. Va.; Anniston, 

Ala.; and Monsanto, 111.). 
120 Lister Ave., Newark 5, N. J. 
2110 High Point Rd., Greensboro, N. C. 
224 McWhorter St., Newark 1, N. J. 
151 Potrero St., San Francisco 3, Calif. 
250 Old Country Rd., Mineola, N. Y. (Hempstead, 

N. Y.). 
40 Rector St., New York 6. N. Y. (Buffalo, N. Y.). 

1st and Essex Sts., Harrison, N. J. 

1230 6th Ave., New York 20, N. Y. (Naugatuck, 

Conn.). 
Box 1535, Port Neches, Tex. 
Neville Island, Pittsburgh 25, Pa. 
693 Purchase St., New Bedford, Mass. 
441 Stuart St., Boston, Mass. (Athol, Gloucester, 

Lawrence, Leominster, Maiden, Northampton, 

North Adams, Salem, Spencer, and Webster, Mass.; 

Burlineton, Vt.; and We.<!terly, R. I.). 
P. O. Box 911, Pensacola, Fla. 
374 Main St., Belleville 9, N. J. 

99-117 N. nth St., Brooklyn 20, N. Y. 

691 Bay St., Staten Island, N. Y. 

30 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (Niagara Falls, 

N. Y.). 
N. Transit Road, Lockport, N. Y. 
420 Lexington Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Niagara 

Falls, N.Y.). 
Walnut Ave. and 2d St., Niagara Falls, N. Y. 
1719 S. Clinton St., Chicago 16, 111. 
P. 0. Box 1007, Oshkosh, Wis. 
Broadway and Clark St., Keyport, N. J. 
601 W. 26th St., New York 1, N. Y. (Boonton, N. J.). 
5265 Hohman Ave., Hammond, Ind. (South Bend and 

La Porte, Ind.). 
1263 N. 70th St., Wauwatosa 13, Wis. 
2923 Atlantic Ave., Brooklyn 7, N. Y. 



132 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 22. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1944 — 

Continued 



Name of company 



Nuodex Products Co., Inc 

Nutrition Research Laboratories 

Ohio-Apex, Inc 

Ohio Chemical & Manufacturing Co 

Ohio Oil Co 

Oldbury Electro Chemical Co 

Old Hickory Chemical Co 

Orbis Products Corp 

Osborn, C. J., Co. .__ 

Pan American Refining Corp 

Panelyte Division, St. Regis Paper Co.. 

Paraniet Corp 

Parke, Davis & Co 

Patent Chemicals, Inc 

Paul-Lewis Laboratories, Inc 

Peerless Color Co 

Penick, S. B., & Co 

Pennsylvania Alcohol & Chemical Corp 

Pennsylvania Coal Products Co 

Pennsylvania Industrial Chem. Corp.... 

Pennsylvania Power <fe Light Co 

Pennsylvania Salt Manufacturing Co... 

Peoples Gas Light & Coke Co , 

Pfanstiehl Chemical Co 

Pfizer, Chas., & Co., Inc. , 

Pharma Chemical Corp 

Pharmedic Corp 

Philadelphia Gas Works Co 

Phillips Petroleum Co 

Pitman-Moore Co., Division of Allied 
Laboratories, Inc. 

Pittsberg Chemical Co 

Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co 

Plaskon Division, Libbey-Owen-Ford 

Glass Co. 

Polychem.ical Co__ 

Pontiac Varnish Co 

Portland Gas & Coke Co 

Portland Gas Light Co 

Poughkeepsie Dyestufl Corp 

Pratt & Lambert, Inc 

Premo Pharmaceutical Laboratories, 

Inc. 

Procter & Gamble Co... 

Publicker Industries, Inc 

Public Service Co. of N. C, Inc 

Public Service Electric & Gas Co 

Pure Oil Co 

Purocaine, Inc.. 

Pyridium Corp 

Quaker Chemical Products Corp 

Quaker Oats Co 

Queens Borough Gas & Electric Co 

Eeichhold Chemicals, Inc 

ReillyTar<t Chemical Corp 

A 

Reilly-Whiteman Walton Co _ 

Reliance Varnish Co., Inc 

Remington Arms Co., Inc 

Republic Creosoting Co 

Resinous Products & Chemical Co 

Richards Chemical Works, Inc. 

Richardson Co 



Office address (location of plant given in parentheses if 
not in same city as office) 



Elizabeth, N. J. 

4210 Peterson Ave., Chicago 30, 111. 

P. O. Box 98, Nitro, W. Va. 

1177 Marquette St., Cleveland, Ohio. 

539 S. Main St., Findlay, Ohio (Robinson, 111.). 

Buffalo Ave., Niagara Falls, N. Y. 

P. O. Box 1480, Richmond 12, Va. (Old Hickory, 

Tenn.). 
215 Pearl St., New York 7, N. Y. (Newark, N. J.). 
132 Nassau St., New York 7, N. Y. (Linden, N. J.). 
P. O. Box 401, Texas City, Tex. 
230 Park Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Trenton, N. J.). 
10-17 44th Ave., Long Island City 1, N. Y. 
McDougall Ave., Detroit 32, Mich. 
335 McLean Blvd., Paterson 4, N. J. 
918 N. 4th St., Milwaukee 3, Wis. 
521-535 North Ave., Plainfleld, N. J. 
50 Church St., New York 7, N. Y. (Lyndhurst, N. J.). 
Berry Ave., Carlstadt, N. J. 
P. O. Box C, Petrolia, Pa. 

20 State St., Clairton, Pa. 

9th and Hamilton Sts., Allentown, Pa. 

1000 Widener Bldg., Philadelphia, Pa. (Wyandotte, 

Mich.). 
122 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago 3, 111. 
104 Lakeview Ave., Waukegan, 111., 
81 Maiden Lane, New York 7, N. Y. (Brooklyn 6, 

N. Y.). 
175 5th Ave., New York 10, N. Y. (Bayonne, N. J.). 
239 W. Broadway, New York 13, N. Y. 
1800 N. 9th St., Philadelphia 22, Pa. 
Phillips Bldg., Bartlesville, Okla. (Borger, Tex.). 
1200 Madison Ave., Indianapolis 6, Ind. 

3100 E. 2Gth St., Los Angeles 23, Calif. 

2000 Grant Bldg., Pittsburgh 19, Pa, (Barberton 

Ohio). 
2112 Sylvan Ave., Toledo 6, Ohio. 

1938 Park Ave., New York 35, N. Y, 
30 Brush St., Pontiac 12, Mich. 
Public Service Bldg., Portland 4, Oreg. 
5 Temple St., Portland 6, Maine. 
77 Water St., Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 
75 Tonawanda St., Buffalo 7, N. Y. 
443 Broadway, New York 13, N. Y. 

Gwynne Bldg., Cincinnati 2, Ohio (Ivorydalc, Ohio). 

1429 Wataut St., Philadelphia 2, Pa. 

119 S. Salisbury St., Raleigh, N. C. 

80 Park PI., Newark 2, N. J. (Harrison, Jersey City, 

Paterson, Piscataway, Trenton, and Camden, N. J.). 
35 East Wacker Dr., Chicago 1, 111. (Cabincreek, W. 

Va.). 
Packard Bldg., Philadelphia, Pa. 

21 Gray Oaks Ave., Yonkers 2, N. Y. (Harriman, 
N. Y.). 

Lime, Elm, and Sandy Sts., Conshohocken, Pa. 

141 W. Jackson Blvd., Chicago 4, 111. (Cedar Rapids, 

Iowa) . 
250 Old Country Rd., Mineola, N. Y. (Rockaway Park, 

N. Y.). 
601 Woodward Heights Blvd., Detroit 20, Mich. 

(Elizabeth, N. J.; San Francisco, Calif.; Brooklyn, 

N. Y.; and Tuscaloosa, Ala.). 
500 5th Ave., New York 18, N. Y. (Newark, N. J.; 

Chicago and Granite City, 111.; Indianapolis, Ind.; 

Belle and Fairmont, W. Va.; Cleveland and Dover, 

Ohio; and Chattanooea, Tenn.). 
P. O. Box 188, Conshoh(,Lken, Pa. 
915 E. Kentucky St., Louisville 4, Ky. 
939 Barnum Ave., Bridgeport, Conn. 
1615 Merchants Bank Bldg., Indianapolis 4, Ind. 

(St. Louis Park, Minn.; Mobile, Ala.; Norfolk, Va.; 

fronton, Utah; Lima, Ohio; and Seattle, Wash.). 
222 W. Washington Sq., Philadelphia 5, Pa. (Brides- 

burg. Pa.). 
Warren and Morris Sts., Jersey City 2, N. J. 
27th and Lake Sts., Melrose Park, 111. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



133 



Table 22. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1944- 

Continued 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in parentheses if 
not in same city as office) 



Richfield Oil Corp.. 

Richmond, City of (Department of 
Public Utilities). 

Rochester Gas & Electric Co 

Rohm & Haas Co 

Roosen, H. D., Co 

R. S. A. Corp 

Ruberoid Co 

St. Louis County Gas Co-- 

Salvo Chemical Corp 1 

Schenectady Varnish Co., Inc 

Schering Corp 

Schering & Glatz, Inc 

SchiefEelin & Co -._ 

Scholler Bros., Inc 

Schuylkill Chemical Co 

Schwarz Laboratories, Inc 

Scranton-Spring Brook Water Service 
Co. 

Searle, G. D., & Co.— 

Seattle Gas Co _.. 

Seeley & Co., Inc 

Seydel Chemical Co 

Sharp & Dohme, Inc- 

Sharpies Chemicals, Inc. 

Shavrinigan Resins Corp 

Sheffield Farms Co., Inc 

Shell Chemical Division of Shell Union 

Oil Corp. 
Shell Oil Co., Inc - 

Shell Oil Co., Inc.. 

Sherwin-Williams Co. 

Simons, Harold L., Inc.. 

Sinclair Refining Co 

Sinclair & Valentine Co 

Skelly Oil Co 

Smith, Kline & French Laboratories 

Solvay Process Co.. 

Sonneborn, L., Sons, Inc. 

Sonoco Products Co 

South Carolina Electric & Gas Co 

Southern Dyestufl Corp. 

Spaulding Fibre Co., Inc 

Springfield Gas Light Co 

Squibb, E. R., & Sons 

Staley, A. E., Manufacturing Co 

Standard Agricultural Chemicals, Inc... 
Standard Brands, Inc.. 

Standard Chemical Products, Inc 

Standard Chlorine Chemical Co 

Standard Naphthalene Products Corp . 
Standard Oil Co. of California 

Standard Oil Co. of Indiana. 

Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey 

Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey (Louis- 
iana Div.). 
Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey (Stanco 

Distributors Inc.). 
Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey (Stand- 
ard Alcohol Co.). 

Standard Ultramarine Co 

Standard Varnish Works. 

Stange, Wm. J., Co 

Stanton Laboratories 



555 S. Flower St., Los Angeles 13, Calif. (Watson, 

Calif.). 
City Hall, Richmond 19, Va. 

89 East Ave., Rochester 4, N. Y. 

222 W. Washington Sq., Philadelphia 5, Pa. (Bristol, 

Pa.). 
78 20th St., Broooklyn 32, N. Y. 
690 Sawmill River Rd., Ardsley, N. Y. 
500 5th Ave., New York 18, N. Y. (Joliet, 111., and 

Erie, Pa.). 
231 W. Lockwood Ave., Webster Grove 19, Mo. 
Rothschild, Wis. 

P. O. Box 1046, Schenectady 1, N. Y. 
2 Broad St., Bloomfleld, N. J. (Union, N. J.). 
113 W. 18th St., New York 11, N. Y. 
16-28 Cooper Sq., New York 3, N. Y. 
Collins and Westmoreland Sts., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 
2346 Sedgley Ave., Philadelphia 32, Pa. 
202 E. 44th St., New York 17, N. Y. (Brooklyn, N. Y.). 
30 N. Franklin St., Wilkes-Barre, Pa. (Scranton, Pa.). 

P. O. Box 5110, Chicago 80, 111. 
1511 4th Ave., Seattle 11, Wash. 
136 Liberty St., New York 6, N Y. (Farmingdale, 

N. Y.). 
225 Mercer St., Jersey City, N. J. 
640 N. Broad St., Philadelphia 1, Pa. 
123 S. Broad St., Philadelphia 9, Pa. (Wyandotte, 

Mich.). 
644 Monsanto Ave., Springfield 2, Mass. 
524 W. ,57th St., New York 19, N. Y. (Woods Corners, 

N. Y.). 
100 Bush St., San Francisco 6, Calif. (Houston, Tex.; 

Pittsburg, Martinez, and Dominguez, Calif.). 
50 W. 50th St., New York 20, N. Y. (Houston, Tex., 

and Roxana, 111.). 

100 Bush St., San Francisco 6, Calif. (Wilmington, 
Calif.). 

101 Prospect Ave., NW., Cleveland 1, Ohio (Chicago, 
111.; Newark and Oibbsboro, N. J.; Oakland, Calif.; 
Detroit, Mich.; Dallas, Tex.; and Dayton, Ohio). 

11-25 44th Rd., Long Island City 1, N. Y. 

630 5th Ave., New York 20, N. Y. (Marcus Hook, Pa., 

and Sand Springs, Okla.). 
611 W. 129th St., New York 27, N. Y. 
P. 0. Box 1650, Tulsa 2, Okla. (Eunice, N. Mex.). 
5th and Arch Sts., Philadelphia 5, Pa. 
P. O. Box 271, Syracuse 1, N. Y. (Geddes, N. Y.). 
88 Lexington Ave., New York 16, N. Y. (Petrolia, Pa., 

and Nutley, N. J.). 
Hartsville, S. C. 
328 Main St., Columbia, S. C. 

P. O. Box 1045, Charlotte 1, N. C. (Sodyeco, N. C). 
310 Wheeler St., Tonawanda, N. Y. 
35 State St., Springfield 2, Mass. 

25 Columbia Heights, Brooklyn 2, N. Y. 
Decatur 50, 111. 

1301 JeSerson St., Hoboken, N. J. 

595 Madison Ave., New York 22, N. Y. (Peekskill, 

N. Y.). 
1301 Jefierson St., Hoboken, N. J. 
115 Jacobus Ave., South Kearny, N. J. 
115 Jacobus Ave., South Kearny, N. J. 
225 Bush St., San Francisco 20, Calif. (Richmond and 

El Segundo, Calif.). 
910 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago 80, HI. (Wood River, 

111., and Whiting, Ind.). 

26 Broadway, New York 4, N. Y. (Linden, N. J.). 
P. O. Box 551, Baton Rouge 1, La. 

216 W. 14th St., New York 11, N. Y. 

26 Broadway, New York 4, N. Y. 

5th Ave. and 24th St., Huntington 18, W. Va. 
2600 Richmond Ter., Staten Island 3, N. Y. 
2536 W. Monroe St., Chicago 12, lU. 
Wyncote, Pa. 



134 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 22. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1944 — 

Continued 



Num- 
ber 


Name of company 


Office address (location of plant piven in parentheses If 
not in same city as office) 


443 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Inc 


420 Lexington Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Chauncey, 
N. Y.; Monongahela and Chester, Pa.; Roanoke, 
Va.; and Perry, Ohio). 

6533 E. Jefferson Ave , Detroit 31 Mich 


444 


Steams, Frederick, &Co 


445 


Stresen-Reuter, F. A., Inc.. 


2113 Medill Ave., Chicago 47, 111. (Bensenville, HI.). 

309 Sussex St., Harrison, N. J. 


446 


Sun Chemical & Color Co... 


447 


Sun Oil Co 


1608 Walnut St., Philadelphia 3, Pa. (Marcus Hook, 

Pa.). 
Fredericksburg, Va. 


448 


Sylvania Industrial Corp 


449 


Synthetical Laboratories 


5558 Ardmore Ave., Chicago 30, HI 


450 


Sjmthetic Chemicals, Inc. 


335 McLean Blvd., Paterson 4, N. J. 


451 


Synthetic Products Co 


1798 London Rd., Cleveland 12, Ohio. 


452 


Tar Distilling Co 


500 5th Ave., New York 18 N Y 


453 


Taunton Gas Li?ht Co 


41 Taunton Green, Taunton, Mass. 


454 


Taylor Chemical Corp 


600 N. Broad St., Phillipsburg, N. J. (Penn Yan, 

N. Y.). 
Norristown, Pa. (Betzwood, Pa.). 


455 


Taylor Fibre Co... 


456 


Tennessee Eastman Corp 




457 


Tennessee Products Corp 


404 American National Bank Bldg., Nashville 3, Tenn' 


458 


Texas Co 


(Chattanooga 10, Tenn.). 
Box 2332 Houston 1 Tex 


459 


Trojan Powder Co 


17 N. 7th St , Allentown, Pa (Seiple, Pa). 


460 


Trubek Laboratories 


State Highway #17, East Rutherford, N. J. 


461 


Tubize Rayon Corp.. 


2 Park Ave., New York 16, N. Y. (Rome, Oa.). 


462 


Ugite Sales Corp 


1401 Arch St., Philadelphia 5, Pa. (Chester, Pa.). 


463 


Uhlich, Paul, & Co., Inc 


90 West St., New York 6, N. Y. (Brooklyn 15, N. Y.). 
2 Wood St., Paterson 4, N. J. 


464 


Ultra Chemical Works 


465 


Union Bay State Co 


50 Harvard St., Cambridge 42, Mass. 


466 


Union Oil Co. of California 


617 W. 7th St., Los Angeles 14, Calif. 


467 


U. S. Industrial Chemicals, Inc 


60 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (New Orleans. La.). 


468 


U. S. Oil Co 


P. 0. Box 1345, Providence, R. I. 


469 


Utah Copper Co 


Keams Bldg., Salt Lake City 12, Utah (Garfield, 

Utah). 
11 E. 36th St., New York 16, N. Y. (Brooklyn, N. Y.). 


470 


Valentine & Co., Inc... 


471 


Valley Chemical Co., Inc ... 


80 Wheeler Point Rd , Newark 5, N J. 


472 


Van Ameringen-Haebler, Inc 


315 4th Ave., New York 10, N. Y. (Elizabeth 2, N. J.). 


473 


Van Camp Laboratories 


Terminal Island, Calif. 


474 


Van Dyk & Co., Inc 


57 Wilkinson Ave., Jersey City 6, N. J. (Belleville 9, 


475 
476 


Van Schaack Chemical Works, Inc 

Varcum Chemical Co. 


N. J.). 
3430 Henderson St., Chicago 18, 111. 
P. O. Box 433, Niagara Falls, N. Y. 


477 


Velsicol Corp 


120 E. Pearson St.. Chicago 11, 111. (Marshall, El.). 
Main and William Sts., Belleville 9, N. J. 


478 


Verley Chemical Co., Inc 


479 


Verona Chemical Co 


26 Verona Ave., Newark 4, N. J. 


480 


Victor Chemical Works... 


141 W. Jackson Blvd., Chicago 4, 111. 


481 

482 


Virginia Electric & Power Co 

Virginia Smelting Co. 


Norfolk, Va. 

Jeflerson St. and 3d Ave., West Norfolk, Va. 


483 


Vitamins, Inc 


809 W. 58th St., Chicago 21, 111. 


484 
485 
486 


Wallace & Tiernan Products, Inc 

Warner-Jenkinson Mfg. Co 

Warwick Chemical Co 


Belleville 9, N. J. 

2526 Baldwin St., St. Louis 6, Mo. 

100 Pulaski St., West Warwick, R. I. 


487 


Watertown Mfg. Co.. ... . . 


127 Echo Lake Rd., WatertoNvn, Conn. 


488 


Werner Drug & Chemical Co 


914 Race St., Cincinnati 2, Ohio. 


489 


Western Condensing Co.. 


935 E. John St., Appleton, Wis. (Adell, Wis.). 


490 


Western Dry Color Co 


600 W. 52d St.. Chicago 9, 111. 


491 
492 

493 

494 


Western United Gas & Electric Co 

Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing 

Co. 
Westvaco Chlorine Products Corp 

Westville Laboratories 


50 Fox St., Aurora, 111. (Lockport and DuQuoin, III.). 
306 4th Ave., Pittsburgh 30, Pa. (Trafford, Pa.). 

405 Lexingt.on Ave., New York 17, N. Y. 

(South Charleston, W. Va., and Newark, Calif.). 
Stepney, Conn. (Derby, Conn.). 


495 


Westwell Chemical Co 


P. 0. Box 191, Whittier, Calif. 


496 
497 


Wetherill, George D., Varnish Co., Inc.. 
White & Hodges 


Haddon Ave. and White House Pike, Camden, N, J. 
2 Wellington Ave., Everett 49, Mass. 


498 


Wilhelm, A., Co 


3d and Bern Sts , Reading, Pa. 


499 


Wilmot & Cassidy, Inc 


292 Freeman St , Brooklyn 22, N. Y. 


600 


Wilson Laboratories 


4221 S. Western Ave , Chicago 9, 111. 


501 


Winthrop Chemical Co., Inc 


170 Varick St., New York 13, N. Y. (Rensselaer, N. Y.). 


502 


Wisconsin Fuel & Light Co.. 


106 N. 8th St., Manitowoc, Wis. 


603 


Wisconsin-Michigan Power Co 


137 W. Mill St., Appleton, Wis. 


604 


Wisconsin Power & Light Co 


122 W. Washington Ave., Madison 1, Wis. 


605 


Wisconsin Public Service Corp 


1029 N. Marshall St., Milwaukee, Wis. 


606 


Witco Chemical Co 


295 Madison Ave., New York 17, N. Y. 


607 


Witte, John H., & Sons 




508 


Wobum Chemical Corp 


1200 Harrison Ave., Harrison, N. J. (Kearny, N. J.). 


609 


WollT-Alport Chemical Corp... 


1127 Irving Ave., Brooklyn 27, N. Y. 


610 


Worcester Gas Light Co 


240 Main St., Worcester 8, Mass. (Framingham, Mass.). 


611 


Wyandotte Chemicals Corp 


1609 Biddle Ave., Wyandotte, Mich. 


612 
613 


Young Aniline Works, Inc :... 

Zinsser & Co., Inc 


2731 Boston St., Baltimore 24, Md. 
Hasthigs on Hudson, N. Y. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1944 



135 



Table 22. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1944 — 

Continued 



Num- 
ber 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in parentheses if 
not in same city as office) 



514 

615 

516 
517 

618 
619 

520 

521 
522 
523 
524 
625 

526 
527 
528 

529 
630 
631 



United States Government plants 

operated by Rubber Reserve 

Company 

Copolymer Corp... 

Dow Ctiemical Co., Styrene Div 

DuPont de Nemours, E. I., & Co., Inc. 
Firestone Tire & Rubber Co 

General Tire & Rubber Co 

Goodrich, B. F., Co 

Goodyear Sjmthetie Rubber Co 

Humble Oil & Refining Co.. 

Koppers Co., Inc 

National Synthetic Rubber Corp 

Poljmier Corporation, Ltd 

Shefi Chem. Div. of SheU Union OU 
Corp. 

Sinclair Rubber, Inc 

Southern California Gas Co 

Standard Oil Co. of California 

Sun Oil Co 

Taylor Refining Co 

United States Rubber Co 



P. O. Box 1029, Baton Rouge 2, La. 

P. O. Box 500, Gardena, Calif. (Freeport and Velasco, 

Tex.). 
P. O. Box 1378, Louisville 1, Ky. 
1200 Firestone Parkway, Akron 17, Ohio (Port Neches, 

Tex.). 
Baytown, Tex. 
324 Rose Bldg., Cleveland 15, Ohio (Louisville, Ky.; 

Borger and Port Neches, Tex.). 
1144 Market St., Akron 16, Ohio (Houston, Tex., and 

Torrance, Calif.).; 
P. O. Box 1321, Baytowxt, Tex. 
P. O. Box 92, Monaca, Pa. (Kobuta, Pa.). 
P. O. Box 2068, Louisville 1, Ky. 
Sarnia, Ontario, Canada. 
P. O. Box 211, Torrance, Calif. 

P. 0. Box 2584, Houston 1, Tex. 

P. O. Box 3249 Terminal Annex, Los Angeles 54, Calif. 

225 Bush St., San Francisco 20, Calif. (El Segundo, 

Calif.). 
Woodville & Bay Terminal Railroad, Toledo 1, Ohio. 
Taylor, Tex. (Corpus Christi, Tex.). 
1230 6th Ave., New York 20, N . Y. (Naugatuck, Conn.; 

Institute, W. Va.; and Torrance, Calif.). 



APPENDIX 

A. IMPORTS OF COAL-TAR INTERMEDIATES AND FINISHED PRODUCTS 

Statistics on United States imports of coal-tar products entered in 
1944 under paragraphs 27 and 28 of the Tariff Act of 1930 were ob- 
tained by analyzing invoices covering imports through all customs 
districts. These imports, summarized in table 23, are given in detail 
in a separate report.^ 

Table 23. — Coal-tar intermediates and finished coal-tar products: United States 
imports for consumption, classified by uses, 1942-44 





1942 


1943 


1944 


Product 


Quantity 


Foreign 
invoice 
value 


Quantity 


Foreign 
invoice 
value 


Quantity 


Foreign 
invoice 
value 


Intermediates, total 


1,000 
pounds 
3,243 


1,000 
dollars 
564 


1,000 
pounds 
4,424 


1,000 
dollars 
651 


1,000 
pounds 
9,034 


1,000 
dollars 
1,395 






Finished coal-tar products, total 


6,109 


3,051 


1,283 


2,334 


5,455 


2,593 






Dyes, total-. 


1,127 


1,905 


607 


1,318 


651 


1,514 






Acid .- 


219 

297 

147 

291 

78 

48 

3 

27 

17 

3 

1 

4,978 


447 

413 

260 

473 

120 

76 

5 

108 

3 

21 

33 

1,092 


169 
36 
100 
170 
96 
22 


449 
115 
210 
318 
156 
40 


247 
36 
69 

196 
70 
27 


662 


Vat 


132 


Mordant and chrome 


130 


Direct ' 


410 


Acetate rayon. 


112 


Basic 


« 


Sulfur-- - 


Color-lake and spirit-soluble 


9 
5 
3 

206 
467 


28 
2 

18 
862 
136 


9 
7 
5 
21 
4,778 


28 


All other .- 


31 


Aromatic chemicals 


Medicinals and pharmaceuticals - 

All other 


69 
979 







1 Includes rapid fast dyes. 

2 Publication would reveal operations of individual importers. 
Source: Compiled from records of the U. S. Bureau of Customs. 

Dyes continued in 1944 to be the most important group, in terms 
of value, among imports of dutiable coal-tar chemicals. In that year 
imports of dyes amounted to 1.5 million dollars, or 58 percent of the 
total value of all imported finished coal-tar products, which was 2.6 
million dollars. Switzerland supplied 89 percent of the total quan- 
tity of dyes imported for consumption in 1944. These imports, how- 
ever, were chiefly withdrawals from warehouse of goods which had 
been shipped to this country in earlier years. Imports of other 
finished coal-tar products consisted chiefly of medicinals, almost en- 
tirely sulfapyridine and salts, and perfume and flavor materials, 
largely musk ambrette. 

Imports of coal-tar intermediates in 1944 totaled 9 million pounds, 
valued at 1.4 million doUars. They consisted chiefly of ethylbenzene 
(from which styrene is made) and styrene, both of which were im- 



» See U. S. Tariff Commission, Imports of Coal Tar Productt, 19U, 1945 [processed]. 



137 



138 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



ported from Canada for the account of the Rubber Eeserve Com- 
pany. Dibutyl phthalate, also from Canada, was another large im- 
port item grouped among the intermediates. 

Among the chemicals listed as "All other," the most important 
were the military explosives, trinitrotoluene and tetryl, both of which 
came chiefly from Canada. Another major item in this group was 
phenylaminomethyl-2-benzothiazyl sulfide, an accelerator for rubber 
vulcanization; 107,000 pounds of this chemical was imported, all 
from Canada. 

The ratio of the value (foreign invoice value) of imports to the 
value of the domestic output of all coal-tar products was less than 1 
percent in 1944. 

B. RESEARCH WORKERS AND EXPENDITURES 

From time to time the Commission has collected some general in- 
formation on research expenditures of the synthetic organic chemical 
industry. The data are approximate because some of the reporting 
companies which produce chemicals other than synthetic organic 
chemicals find it difficult to determine how much of the total cost of 
research should be allocated to synthetic organic chemicals. Fur- 
thermore, since some companies do not report all the data requested, 
it has been necessary to estimate part of the data. Notwithstanding 
these limitations, the following statistics, which are not available 
elsewhere, are of value in indicating trends: 



Year 


Companies 
reporting 


Technically 
trained 
research 
workers > 


Salaries 
paid 


Cost of research 


Extra-plant 


Gross 


Net» 


research 


1941 


Number 
153 
183 
236 
272 


Number 
2,957 
3,839 
6,086 
5,118 


1,000 

dollars 
8,966 
11,541 
20, 816 
22, 428 


1,000 
dollars 
18, 425 
23,440 
28,723 
43, 820 


1,000 

dollars 
17, 137 
20,768 
28, 470 
40,946 


1,000 
dollars 

(3) 


1942 


1943 


C) 


1944 


2,646 







« For the years 1941-43, a technically trained research worker was defined as a person with technical train- 
ing engaged in research work and earning not less than $2,000 per year; in 1944 the minimum amount of 
earnings was fixed at $2,500. 

2 The net cost figure is obtained by deducting from gross cost the credits for salable products obtained in 
the course of research. 

8 Data for extra-plant research were not collected before 1944. 

The apparent increase in the number of companies reporting research 
work in 1944 reflects the greater eflort of the Commission to enlist the 
cooperation of all companies having research organizations. 

In 1944, information was reported for the first time on the amount 
expended by companies on extra-plant research, that is, for consult- 
ants, research projects in universities, and privately endowed labora- 
tories. The reported amount (which is probably incomplete) was 
about 2.5 million dollars. 

The average salary of technically tramed research workers was 
$4,400 in 1944 compared with $4,100 in 1943 and $3,000 in 1942 and 
1941, The gross cost of research increased from 28.7 million to 43.8 
million dollars, or roughly 50 percent, from 1943 to 1944, while salaries 
paid increased only from 20.8 million to 22.4 million dollars, or roughly 
8 percent. 

U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICEl 1946