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Full text of "Synthetic organic chemicals : United States production and sales"

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UNITED S^TATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

United States Production 
and Sales, 1947 

Report No. 162 • Second Series 




TC 1.9:162 

BOSTON PUBUCUBBABV 



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3 9999 06317 ^ V^M 



RECENT REPORTS OF THE UiNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



SECOND SERIES 

No. 156. Short Harsh Cotton, 20^ 

No. 158. Supplemental Import Quota on Long-Staple Cotton, 20^ 
No. 159. Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1946, 45^ 
No. 160. Operation of the Trade Agreements Program, June 1934 to April 1948 
Part I. Summary, 20<S 

*Part 11. History of the Trade Agreements Program 
*Part III. Trade-Agreement Concessions Granted by the United States 
*Part IV. Trade- Agreement Concessions Obtained by the United States 
*Part V. Effects of the Trade Agreements Program on United States Trade 
*No 161. The Import O"ota on Long-Staple Cotton (1948) 



WAR CHANGES IN INDUSTRY SERIES 

No. 1. Raw Wool No. 14. Aluminum, 25^ 

No. 2. Industrial Alcohol No. 15. Iron and Steel, 30<J 

No. 3. United States Stock-Pile Wools No. 16. Potatoes, 15<* 

No. 4. Mercury No. 17. Petroleum, 304 

No. 5. Dehydrated Vegetables ^'«- !«• Edible Tree Nuts, 20^ 

^T ^ r, /i. OA.* No. 19. Dyes,25«J 

No. 6. Rubber, 20^ ,., „^ „/ , .„^ 

No. 20. Watches, 40? 

No. 7. Pottery Tableware No. 21. Mica, 25^ 

No. 8. Red Cedar Shingles j^^ 22. Newsprint, 15<f 

No. 9. Sheet (Window) Glass No. 23. China Clay or Kaolin, 25^ 

No. 10« Magnesium No. 24. Grapes and Grape Products, 20^ 
No. 11. Cigarette Paper, 10^ ^ No. 25. Softwood Lumber, 25«S 
No. 12. Refractory Magnesia (Magnesite), No. 26. Burlap, 20«J 

154 No. 27. Cotton Cloth, 40<f 

No. 13. Hides and Skins and Leather, 25^ No. 28. Plastics Products, 25^ 



MISCELLANEOUS REPORTS 

United States Import Duties (1948), $2 

Thirty-Second Annual Report of the United Slates Tariff Commission (1948), 20# 



Note. — Tlie reports preceded by an asterisk (♦) are in press. Those followed by a price may be 
purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 
25, D. C. See inside back cover for list of additional reports. These and other reports issued by 
the United States Tariff Commission may also be consulted in the official depository libraries 
throughout the United States. 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSIOIV 



SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



United States Production 
and Sales, 1947 



UNDER THE GENERAL PROVISIONS 
OF TITLE III, PART II, SECTION 332 
OF THE TARIFF ACT OF 1930 



UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON : 1949 



Report Xo. 162 • Second Series 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Oscar B. Ryder, Chairman 

Lynn R. Edminster, Vice Chairman 

Edgar B. Brossard 

E. Dana Durand 

John P. Gregg 

George McGill 

Sidney Morgan, Secretary 



tf. S. SUPtRJNTENOENT OF OOCUMEMTt 

JUN 11 1949 

-I 

Address all communications 

UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

WASHINGTON 25, D. C. 



ACKNOWLEDGMENT 

In the preparation of this report, the Commission had the services of James H. Hibben, 
Henry 0. Parsons, H. Deborah Keister, Pauline Eno, and others of its staff 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Oflfice 
Washington 25, D. C. — Price 45 cents 



CONTENTS 

Page 

Introduction 1 

Summary 3 



PART I. PRODUCTION AND SALES OF TARS, TAR CRUDES, AND 
CRUDES DERIVED FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS 

Tars 5 

Tar crudes 6 

Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion 9 



PART II. PRODUCTION AND SALES OF INTERMEDIATES AND 
FINISHED SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, BY GROUPS 

General 13 

Intermediates 16 

Dyes 21 

Lakes and toners 32 

Medicinals 36 

Flavor and perfume materials 39 

Plastics materials 42 

Rubber-processing chemicals 48 

Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) 50 

Plasticizers 51 

Surface-active agents 53 

Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals 56 



PART III. ALPHABETICAL LIST OF INDIVIDUAL PRODUCTS, BY 
GROUPS, AND MANUFACTURERS 

Tar crudes 61 

Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion 62 

Intermediates 64 

Dyes 79 

Lakes and toners 96 

Medicinals 101 

Flavor and perfume materials 111 

Plastics materials 116 

Rubber-processing chemicals 126 

Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) 128 

Plasticizers 129 

Surface-active agents 131 

Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals 136 

Directory of manufacturers. 151 



APPENDIX 

A. Imports of coal-tar intermediates and finished products 163 

B. Research workers and expenditures 165 

iii 



IV CONTENTS 

TABLES 

Summary 

Page 

1. Synthetic organic chemicals and their raw materials: United States pro- 

duction and sales, 1946 and 1947 3 

Part I 

2. Tar: United States production and consumption, 1946 and 1947 5 

3. Tar and tar crudes: Summary of production and sales of specified prod- 

ucts, average, 1941-45, annual, 1946 and 1947 7 

4 A. Organic cheinicals: United States production and sales of tar crudes, 

1947 8 

5 A. Organic chemicals: United States production and sales of crude prod- 
ucts from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion, 1947 10 

Part II 

6. Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary of United States production and 
sales of intermediates and finished products, average, 1941-45, annual, 
1946 and 1947 13 

7A. Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of cyclic 

intermediates, 1947 17 

8A. Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of coal- 
tar dyes, 1947 22 

9. Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of coal- 
tar dyes, by chemical class, 1947 28 

10. Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production of coal-tar dyes, 

by class of application, average, 1941-45, annual, 1946 and 1947. 29 

11. Synthetic organic chemicals: United States sales of coal-tar dyes, by 

class of application, average, 1941-45, annual, 1946 and 1947 30 

12. Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of azoic 

dyes and their components, 1947 31 

13A. Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of lakes 

and toners, 1947 32 

14 A. Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of me- 

dicinals, 1947 36 

15 A. Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of flavor 

and perfume materials, 1947 - 40 

16A. Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of plas- 
tics materials, grouped according to chemical composition, 1947 44 

17. Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of plas- 

tics materials, grouped according to classes, 1947 46 

18. Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of plas- 

tics materials, grouped according to use, 1947 48 

19A. Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 

rubber-processing chemicals, 1947 49 

20A. Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 

elastomers (synthetic rubbers), 1947 51 

21 A. Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of plas- 

ticizers, 1947 52 

22A. Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 

surface-active agents, 1947 54 

23 A. Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of mis- 
cellaneous chemicals, 1947 57 



CONTENTS V 

Part III 

Page 
4B. Organic chemicals: Tar crudes for which United States production or 

sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 61 

5B. Organic chemicals: Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for 
chemical conversion for which United States production or sales were 

reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 62 

7B. Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 

1947 64 

8B. Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 79 

13B. Synthetic organic chemicals: Lakes and toners for which United States 

production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947.- 96 

14B. Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which United States pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 101 

15B. Synthetic organic chemicals: Flavor and perfume materials for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manu- 
facturer, 1947 111 

16B. Synthetic organic chemicals: Plastics materials for which United States 

production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947- _ 116 

19B. Synthetic organic chemicals: Rubber-processing chemicals for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manu- 
facturer, 1947 126 

20B. Synthetic organic chemicals: Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manu- 
facturer, 1947 128 

21B. Synthetic organic chemicals: Plasticizers for which United States pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 129 

22B. Synthetic organic chemicals: Surface-active agents for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 
1947 - 131 

23B. Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 
1947 -. 136 

24. Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1947 151 



Appendix 

25. Coal-tar intermediates and finished coal-tar products: United States 

imports for consumption, classified by uses, 1945-47 164 

26. Synthetic organic chemical industry: Number of research workers, sal- 

aries paid research workers, and cost of research, 1941-47 165 



INTRODUCTION 

For 31 years the United States Tariff Commission has issued reports 
on the annual production and sales in the United States of synthetic 
organic chemicals and the raw materials from which they are made. 
This report, which covers the year 1947, gives statistics on the pro- 
duction and sales of crude organic chemicals derived from coal, natural 
gas, and petroleum; intermediates; and finished chemical products. 
According to their principal use, finished products are grouped as dyes, 
lakes and toners, medicinals, flavor and perfume materials, plastics 
materials, rubber-processing chemicals, elastomers, plasticizers, 
surface-active agents, and miscellaneous chemicals. This classification 
of chemicals is based on the system used in group 19 of the Standard 
Commodity Classification.! Excluded from this report are organic 
chemicals (such as wood-distillation products, essential oils, and alka- 
loids) that are derived from natural (vegetable) sources by simple ex- 
traction or distillation. The statistics were compiled from informa- 
tion supplied by about 558 producing companies, which are listed in 
part III of this report. 

The data on production given in this report cover all the materials 
produced in the given plants — production for consumption within the 
plants as well as production for sale. The quantities reported as pro- 
duced, therefore, are generally larger than those reported as sold, 
although some of the differences may be due to changes in inventory. 
No chemical is reported as produced, however, unless it has been with- 
drawn from the reaction system. 

Data on chemicals reported herein are usually given in terms of 
undiluted materials; the principal exceptions are dyes and a few sol- 
vents, which are reported in commercial concentrations. Statistics 
reported in terms of commercial concentrations are specifically noted. 

Sales of synthetic organic chemicals reported to the Tariff Commis- 
sion include not only direct sales to the market, but also transfers be- 
tween plants under the same ownership. Such interplant transfers, 
which are not large compared with total sales, are usually valued in 
this report at the prevailing market prices. It should be noted that 
the average unit values of sales of groups of products shown in the 
accompanying tables are weighted averages of products which vary 
widely in unit value and in the quantity sold. 

The raw materials covered in this report are obtained from coal, 
crude petroleum, natural gas, and certain other natural sources. Ther- 
mal decomposition of coal yields coke-oven gas, light oil, and tar, from 
which coal-tar crudes and other raw materials are obtained. Crude 
organic chemicals are derived also from petroleum and natural gas by 
cracking and distillation processes, and from other natural sources by 
fermentation. Production of crude organic chemicals is the first step 

1 Executive Office of the President, Bureau of the Budget, Standard Commodity Classification, vol. 1, 
Tech. Paper 26, 1943. 



2 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

in the manufacture of synthetic organic chemicals. From these crudes, 
intermediates are obtained by synthesis or refining; most of the inter- 
mediates are converted into finished chemical products such as medic- 
inals, plastics materials, and dyes. These products are not usually sold 
directly to the ultimate consumer, but are used by industrial concerns 
in their manufacturing processes. 

Statistics on tars and tar crudes include data furnished to the Tariff 
Commission by distillers of coal tar, water-gas tar, and oil-gas tar, to- 
gether with data furnished to the Coal Economics Division of the United 
States Bureau of Mines by coke-oven operators and to the American 
Gas Association by producers of water-gas and oil-gas tar. 

Imports in 1947 of coal-tar intermediates and finished coal-tar prod- 
ucts entering the United States under paragraphs 27 and 28 of the 
Tariff Act of 1930 are given in the appendix to this report. The ap- 
pendix also includes a table showing the number of technical research 
workers and the cost of research in the synthetic organic chemical 
industry. 



SUMMARY 

The output of tar was 20 percent greater in 1947 than in 1946. There 
were two reasons for this increase — the high level of operations in the 
iron and steel industry in 1947 and the abnormally low level of output 
in 1946 resulting from strikes in the steel and coal industries. Pro- 
duction of all crudes derived from tar in 1947 was 4 percent smaller 
than in 1946; sales were 8 percent larger in quantity and 36 percent 
larger in value. The output of crude products from petroleum and 
natural gas declined 11 percent. The combined output of all synthetic 
organic chemicals and their raw materials in 1947 was 38 billion pounds — 
2.6 billion pounds more than in 1946 (see table 1). Sales in 1947 totaled 
26 billion pounds, valued at 2.5 billion dollars. Since these totals rep- 
resent several successive steps in the manufacturing process, they 

Table 1. — Synthetic organic chemicals and their raw materials: United States prodioction 

and sales, 1946 and 1947 





Production 


Sales 




Quantity 


Value 


Chemical 


1946 


1947 


In- 
crease, 
or de- 
crease 
(-). 
1947 
over 
1946 


1946 


1947 


In- 
crease, 
or de- 
crease 
(-), 
1947 
over 
1946 


1946 


1947 


In- 
crease, 
or de- 
crease 
(-), 
1947 
over 
1946 


Grand total ' 


Million 
pounds 
35,372 


Million 
pounds 
38,013 


Percent 
8 


Million 
pounds 
24,593 


Million 
pounds 
26,451 


Percent 
8 


Million 
dollars 
2,192 


Million 

dollars 

2,484 


Percent 
13 


Tar 


8,367 
9,245 

3,523 

14,237 


10,051 
8,918 

3,134 

15,910 


20 

- 4 

-11 
12 


5,234 
6,634 

3,215 

9,510 


6,259 
7,196 

2,998 

9,998 


20 
8 

- 7 

5 


29 
88 

167 

1,908 


45 
120 

118 

2,201 


55 




36 


Crude products from pe- 
troleum and natural 


-29 


Synthetic organic chem- 


15 






Intermediates 


2,448 

186 

33 

41 

19 
1,025 

96 

1,708 
115 
242 

8,324 


2,623 

212 

38 

50 

21 
1,252 

101 

1,203 
140 
291 

9,979 


7 
14 
14 

22 

9 
22 

5 

-30 
22 
20 

20 


1,418 

185 

31 

40 

18 
966 

87 

1,883 
102 
214 

4,566 


1,446 

205 

35 

42 

18 
1,135 

89 

1,259 
118 
234 

5,417 


2 
11 
14 

3 

2 
18 

2 

-33 

16 
9 

19 


160 

120 

26 

218 

25 
339 

41 

372 

29 
58 

520 


189 

148 

38 

233 

26 
431 

43 

262 
46 
61 

724 


18 
23 


Lakes and toners 


45 

7 


Flavor and perfume 


4 


Plastics materials 

Rubber-proc- 

essing chemicals 

Elastomers (synthetic 


27 

5 

-30 




56 


Surface-active agents.. 

Miscellaneous 

chemicals. . . . 


6 
39 







1 This total involves much duplication. 

2 Excludes toluene and xylene derived from petroleum. 



4 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

necessarily include considerable duplication. The output of synthetic 
organic chemicals alone in 1947 was 16 billion pounds, or 12 percent 
more than in 1946; compared with 1946, sales in 1947 increased 5 per- 
cent in quantity and 15 percent in value. 

Production of tar from all sources in 1947 slightly exceeded 1 billion 
gallons (10 billion pounds). Consumption of tar for all purposes in 1947 
amounted to 914 million gallons, an increase of more than 100 million 
gallons over 1946; there was an increase of 52 million gallons in the 
quantity of tar burned as fuel and of 61 million gallons in tar distilled, 
but consumption of tar for miscellaneous purposes declined slightly. 
The combined production of all crudes derived from tar declined slightly 
in 1947 compared with 1946, reflecting a decrease of over 1 billion pounds 
in the output of tar pitch. The output of many of the more important 
individual tar crudes, however, increased considerably: Benzene (except 
motor benzene) to 168 million gallons (compared with 136 million in 
1946) ; toluene from all sources, to 61 million gallons (compared with 
34 milhon); and crude naphthalene, to 315 million pounds — the largest 
output on record. Production of creosote oil, reversing the downward 
trend of recent years, increased 17 percent above the 1946 level, to 159 
million gallons. 

Production of chemical raw materials from petroleum and natural 
gas declined to 3.1 billion pounds in 1947 from a total of 3.5 billion in 
1946. This decline was due principally to decreased production of 1,3- 
butadiene, which is used in the manufacture of synthetic rubber. 

In 1947 the output of all synthetic organic chemicals (intermediates 
and finished products) increased to 15.9 billion pounds from the 14.2 
billion pounds reported in 1946 — an increase of 12 percent. Sales in- 
creased 5 percent in volume and 15 percent in value. The only group 
of finished products for which a decline was reported was the elastomers 
(synthetic rubbers), the output of which declined by 30 percent in 1947 
from the 1.7 billion pounds produced in 1946. Production of inter- 
mediates increased 7 percent compared with 1946; that of rubber- 
processing chemicals, 5 percent; and that of flavoring and perfume 
materials, 9 percent. Increases reported for the other groups of finished 
products ranged from 14 percent to 22 percent (see table 1). Except 
for medicinals, the relative increase in volume of sales was slightly 
smaller than the corresponding increase in production. Increases in 
value of sales for the individual groups ranged from 4 percent for flavor 
and perfume materials to 56 percent for plasticizers. Substantial in- 
creases in value of sales were reported also for lakes and toners (45 
percent) and miscellaneous chemicals (39 percent). 



PART I. PRODUCTION AND SALES OF TARS, TAR CRUDES, AND 
CRUDES DERIVED FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS 

Tars 

Coal tar is produced chiefly by the steel industry as a byproduct in 
the manufacture of coke. Water-gas tar and oil-gas tar are byproducts 
of the fuel-gas industry. Therefore, production of coal tar reflects the 
demand for steel, whereas the production of water- and oil-gas tar 
reflects the consumption of manufactured gas for industrial and house- 
hold use. Water- and oil-gas tar have properties intermediate between 
those of petroleum asphalts and coal tar. Petroleum asphalts are not 
considered raw materials for chemicals. 



Table 2. — Tar: United States production and consumption, 1946 and 1947 

[In thousands of gallons] 



Product 



1946 



1947 



PRODUCTION 
Total 

Water-gas and oil-gas tar ' 

Coal tar,2 total 

Coal tar from coke-oven byproduct plants, total 

Plants not owned by city gas companies 

Plants owned by city gas companies (public utilities) 

Coal tar from coal-tar retort plants 

Low- and medium-temperature carbonization tar 

CONSUMPTION 
Total 

Tar consumed by distUIation, total 

Water-gas and oil-gas tar distilled by producers and tar distillers ^ 

Coal tar distilled or topped by coke-oven operators ^ 

Coal tar distilled by tar distillers ^ 

Tar consumed chiefly as fuel, total 

Water-gas and oU-gas tar consumed as fuel 5 

Coal tar sold or consumed as fuel by coke-oven operators ^ 

As fuel under boilers 

In open-hearth or affiliated plants 

Sold as fuel by coke-oven operators to affiliates 

Sold as fuel by coke-oven operators to others 

Tar consumed otherwise than by distillation or as a fuel, total 

Coal tar from retort plants sold for consumption 2 

Coal tar consumed at coke-oven plants for roads and upkeep - 

Coal tar, water-gas tar, and oU-gas tar processed at tar refineries, crude tar 
consumed for upkeep at such refineries, and tar consumed in making gas 
and in road-tar blends 



836,700 



220,435 
616,265 



596,869 

556,734 

40,135 

17,464 

1,932 



810,893 



552,043 



45,325 
155,061 
351,657 

174,854 



98,139 
76,715 
1,055 
64 , 698 
559 
10,403 

83,996 



18,337 
2,781 



62,878 



1,005,139 



251,800 
753,339 



736,175 

695,892 

40,283 

14,996 

2,168 



914,388 



612,731 



43 , 779 
200,474 
368,478 

226,983 



73,360 

153,623 

866 

120,682 

19,843 

12,232 

74,674 



15,402 
2,230 



57,042 



1 Reported to the American Gas Association. 

2 Reported to the U. S. Bureau of Mines, Department of the Interior. 
5 Reported to the U. S. Tariff Commission. 

^ Represents coal tar purchased from coke- and gas-retort oven plants and distilled by chemical 
companies operating tar-distillation plants as reported to the U. S. Tariff Commission. Jpcludcs tar 
purchased and distilled by corporations affiliated with coke-oven plants. Includes also small quantity 
of lignite tar distilled by producers. 

' Reported to the American Gas Association and to the U. S. Tariff Commission. 



6 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

The quantity of tar recovered from all sources in 1947 was 1,005 
million gallons, compared with 837 million gallons in 1946 and an aver- 
age of 917 million gallons in the 5 years 1941-45. The increase in 1947 
(20 percent over that in 1946) was due chiefly to a substantial increase 
in coal charged to coke ovens and in the consumption of manufactured 
gas. In 1947 a total of 753 million gallons of coal tar was produced — 
736 million at coke-oven byproduct plants, 15 million at coal-tar retort 
plants, and 2 million at plants producing low- and medium-temperature 
carbonization tar. In addition, 252 million gallons of water- and oil- 
gas tar was produced at fuel-gas plants (see table 2). 

Of the total consumption of tar in 1947 (914 million gallons), 613 
million gallons was consumed by distillation, 227 million gallons was 
used as fuel, and 75 million gallons was consumed in miscellaneous uses 
(as in making road-tar blends and in refinery upkeep). The quantity 
of tar distilled in 1947 was 61 million gallons greater than in 1946, and 
the quantity consumed as fuel, 52 million gallons greater. More coal 
tar was distilled or topped in 1947 than in 1946 by coke-oven operators 
(200 million gallons, compared with 155 million) and by tar distillers 
(368 million, compared with 352 million). On the other hand, the 
quantity of water-gas and oil-gas tar distilled by producers and tar dis- 
tillers in 1947 was 44 million gallons — slightly less than in 1946. Con- 
sumption of water-gas and oil-gas tar as fuel declined substantially, 
totaling 73 million gallons in 1947, compared with 98 million gallons in 
1946. Consumption of coal tar as fuel, however, chiefly in open-hearth 
or affiliated plants, increased from 77 million gallons to 154 million. 



Tar Crudes 

The principal tar crudes derived from coke-oven gas and tar are 
benzene (including motor benzene), toluene, naphthalene, and creosote 
oil although pitch of tar, a tar residue, also has important uses. The 
increase in the quantity of tar distilled and coal charged to the ovens in 
1947, compared with 1946, resulted in increased production of light-oil 
distillates and creosote oil. The output of pitch of tar declined. Pro- 
duction of benzene in 1947 amounted to 168 million gallons — 10 million 
gallons below the all-time record in 1944 — and 23 percent larger than 
the output in 1946 (see table 3). Production of motor benzene (20 
million gallons) was the lowest on record. Before the war, production 
of motor benzene for automotive fuel usually greatly exceeded that of 
benzene. During and since the war the better grades of benzene have 
been in great demand for the manufacture of styrene (used in synthetic 
rubber and as a plastics material), dye intermediates, phenol, and 
other chemicals. 

Production of toluene from all sources increased to 61 million gallons 
in 1947; this output was nearly double that reported for 1946 but was 
considerably smaller than the wartime output of over 200 million gal- 
lons a year. The principal increase was in toluene obtained from pe- 
troleum, production of which was 27 million gallons in 1947, compared 
with 10 million gallons in 1946. Production of toluene by byproduct 
coke-oven operators also increased substantially, from 17 million 
gallons in 1946 to 26 million gallons in 1947. The output by tar dis- 
tillers declined slightly. 



SYNTHETIC OEGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



Table 3. — Tar and tar crudes: Summary of production and sales of specified products, 
average, 1941-4^, annual, 1946 and 1947 



ChemicaU 


Unit 

of 

quantity 


Average, 
1941-45 


1946 


Increase, 
or de- 
crease ( — ), 
1946 over 
1941-45 


1947 


Increase, 
or de- 
crease ( — ) , 
1947 over 
1946 




1,000 gal. 

1,000 gal. 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 dol. 

1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal. 
1,000 dol. 

1,000 gal. 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 dol. 

1,000 1b-. 
1,000 1b-. 
1,000 dol. 

1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal. 
1,000 dol- 


917,213 

121,345 

111,505 

14,622 

54,919 

52,070 

4,606 

88,362 
83,415 
25,699 

265,570 

221,077 

5,308 

162,691 

162,125 

21,719 


836,700 

136,353 

126,799 

16,653 

31,827 

33,537 

3,065 

33,817 

35,677 

7,233 

242,271 

196,359 

5,096 

136,401 

136,879 

19,563 


Percent 

- 8.8 

12.4 
13.7 
13.9 

-42.0 
-35.6 
-33.5 

-61.7 
-57.2 
-71.9 

- 8.8 
—11.2 

- 4.0 

-16.2 
-15.6 

- 9.9 


1,005,139 

167,652 

150,605 

24,800 

19,703 

19,837 

2,315 

60,740 
63,444 
11,901 

314,721 

264,483 

9,735 

159,480 

160,511 

27,350 


Percent 
20.1 


Benzene: 


23.0 


Sales - 


18.8 




48.9 


Motor benzene:' 

Production 

Sales 


-38.1 
-40.9 




-24.5 


Toluene:^ 


79.6 


Sales -.. ---. . 


77.8 




64.5 


Naphthalene: 


29.9 


Sales - .. 


34.7 


Sales value 

Creosote oil: 

Production 

Sales . 


91.0 

16.9 
17.3 




39.8 







1 For detailed explanation of statistics shown in this table, see table 4A. 

2 Includes production of water-gas and oU-gas tars reported to the American Gas Association. 

3 Partly estimated. 

^ Includes statistics for all grades of toluene derived from coal tar and petroleum, except that pro- 
duced in Government plants under the ordnance program during the war. 

With increased production of coke in 1947, production of crude naph- 
thalene in that year increased 30 percent compared with 1946. The 
output— 315 milhon pounds — was the largest on record. Stimulated by 
continued demand for the production of phthalic anhydride, jS-naph- 
thol, and other coal-tar intermediates, and for use as a moth repellent, 
sales increased 35 percent in quantity and 91 percent in value. 

Creosote oil (a mixture of xylenols and cresols and their homologues 
and derivatives, together with anthracene oil and a little phenol) is 
used for preserving wood. The output for this purpose in 1947 was 159 
million gallons; this was an increase of 17 percent over that in 1946, 
but was appreciably smaller than the record outputs of 175 million 
gallons in each of the years 1942 and 1943. 

Detailed statistics on production and sales of tar crudes and residual 
tar-crude products, such as tar pitch and tar coke, are shown in table 
4A.^ The output of road tar increased to 160 million gallons in 1947 
from 156 million gallons in 1946. The combined output of all grades 
of tar pitch declined to 1.5 million gallons in 1947 from 2 million gallons 
in 1946, principally because of the large decrease in production of me- 
dium pitch; production of hard and soft pitches, however, increased. 

Since some of the products covered in table 4A are derived from 
others shown in the table, the statistics involve considerable dupli- 
cation; for this reason no totals are given. By eliminating as much 
duplication as possible, the value of the total output of these products 
and of the tar burned as fuel in 1947 can be estimated at 162 million 
dollars, compared with 117 million dollars in 1946, 157 million in 1945, 
and 147 million in 1944. 

^ See also table 4B, part III, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufacturers. 



8 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 4A. — Organic chemicals:^ United States production and sales of tar crudes, 1947 

[Listed below are all tar crudes for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. 
Table 4B in part III lists alphabetically all those products for which data on production or sales 
were reported and identifies the manufacturers reporting to the U. S. Tariff Commission] 



Product 



Unit 

of 

quantity 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value 2 



Crude light oil 

Light-oil distillates: 
Benzene, motor grade: 

Tar distillers 3 4 

Coke-oven operators 

Benzene, all other grades: 

Tar distillers ■* 

Coke-oven operators 

Toluene, all grades: ^ 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators • 

Petroleum operators 

Xylene; 6 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

Solvent naphtha: 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators 

All other light-oil distillates: 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators -_ 

Pyridine: Crude and semirefined ' 

Naphthalene, crude (solidifying at less than 
79° C): 8 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators 

Crude tar-acid oils: 

From 5% to less than 24% 

All other crude tar acids 

Creosote oil: ^ 
Tar distillers : 

Sold or consumed as such 

Sold or consumed in coal-tar solution. 
Coke-oven operators: 

Distillate as such 

In coal-tar solution 

Sodium phenolate: '' 

Coal tar sold or consumed in coal-tar solu- 
tion i" 

All other distillate products n 

Tar, road 

Tar (crude and refined), for other uses 1^-. 
Pitch of tar: 

Soft 7 13 

Medium m 16 

Hard 17 

Pitch of tar coke i* 



1,000 gal. 



1,000 gaL 
1,000 gal. 

1,000 gal. 
1,000 gal. 

1,000 gal. 
1,000 gal. 
1,000 gal. 

1,000 gal. 
1,000 gal. 
1,000 gal. 

1,000 gal. 
1,000 gal. 

1,000 gal. 
1,000 gal. 
1,000 gal. 



1,000 1b-. 
1,000 1b-. 



1,000 gal. 
1,000 gal. 



1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 

1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 

1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 

1,000 tons 
1,000 tons 
1,000 tons 
1,000 tons 



279,362 



3,900 
15,803 

22 , 594 
145,058 

6,966 
26,396 
27,378 

1,132 

7,130 

33,091 

7,033 
5,648 

8,197 

8,369 

478 



216,342 
98,379 



19,865 
2,075 



97,513 
21,468 

27,496 
13,003 
2,617 

11,441 

19,346 

159,608 

19,611 

366 
277 
806 
101 



42,095 



3,900 
15,937 

9,512 
141,093 

7,282 
27,322 
28,840 

1,738 

7,100 

35,344 

6,655 
5,366 

8,209 

6,220 

467 



166,118 
98,365 



14,290 
442 



97,494 
23 , 568 

27,752 

11,697 

2,546 

11,426 

16,470 

155,212 

15,823 



(14) 



273 
487 
102 



1,000 
dollars 
3,707 



465 
1,850 

1,688 
23,112 

1,615 
5,255 
6,030 

453 
1,516 
7,395 

1,298 
770 

1,673 
599 
418 



6,714 
3,021 



2,575 
244 



16,993 
4,052 

4,509 

1,796 

192 

1,335 

2,810 

16,018 

2,197 

(16) 
6,659 
9,642 
1,919 



$0,088 



.119 
.116 

.177 
.164 

.222 
.192 
.174 

.261 
.214 
.209 

.195 
.143 

.204 
.096 
.895 



.040 
.031 



.180 
.552 



.174 
.172 

.162 
.154 
.076 

.117 
.171 
.103 
.139 



24.39 
19.80 
18.81 



1 Statistics for coke and gas-retort ovens reported to the Coal Economics Division, U. S. Bureau of 
Mines, and for tar refineries and others to the U. S. Tariff Commission unless otherwise noted. 

2 Unit value per gallon, pound, or ton according to the unit of quantity shown. 

3 Estimated. 

* Includes some material produced from petroleum. 

5 Statistics on toluene from petroleum are also given in table 5A, and are included in the totals of 
that table. Total United States production from all sources was 60,740,000 gallons; sales were 63,444,000 
gallons, valued at $11,900,000. 

6 Statistics on xylene from petroleum are also given in table 5A, and are included in the totals of 
that table. Total United States production from all sources was 41,353,000 gallons; sales were 44,182,000 
gallons, valued at $9,364,000. 

' Includes production reported to the U. S. Bureau of Mines by coke-oven operators. 
8 Statistics on naphthalene are for three grades of crude naphthalene combined to prevent the dis- 
closure of the operations of indi^^dual companies. These are the grades soUdifying at less than 74° C. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 9 

Crude Products from Petroleum and Natural Gas for Chemical Conversion 

In general, crude products from petroleum and natural gas are related 
to the intermediates and finished products derived from them in about 
the same manner as tar crudes are related to their intermediates and 
finished products. As in crudes derived from tar, there is considerable 
dupHcation in the statistics on total production and sales of crudes from 
petroleum and natural gas, particularly the hydrocarbons. Some pe- 
troleum crudes are converted to other crudes, the production of both 
being reported. Moreover, many of these crude products may be used 
either as a fuel or as a chemical raw material. Since this report does 
not cover fuels, every effort has been made to exclude data on chemicals 
consumed chiefly as fuel. However, the totals given in this report are 
considered sufficiently accurate to indicate general trends for purposes 
of comparison. Statistics on production and sales of crude products 
from petroleum and natural gas in 1947 are given in table 5A.- 

Production of crudes from petroleum and natural gas in 1947 amount- 
ed to 3.1 billion pounds, compared with 3.5 billion pounds in 1946, a 
decline of 11 percent. This decline was due mainly to a reduction in 
the output of butadiene for synthetic rubber to 696 million pounds, from 
the 1 billion pounds reported for 1946. Sales of crudes from petroleum 
and natural gas in 1947 were 3 billion pounds, valued at 118 million 
dollars. Aromatic and naphthenic hydrocarbons accounted for 642 
million pounds of the total output in 1947 and aliphatic hydrocarbons, 
for 2.5 billion pounds. In 1947 xylene continued to be the most impor- 
tant aromatic compound produced from petroleum, 238 million pounds 
being produced from this source out of a total domestic production of 
298 million pounds; the rest was recovered from light oil and tar. Pro- 
duction of toluene from petroleum in 1947 increased to 198 million 
pounds from the 70 million pounds reported for 1946. Thus, in 1947, 

2 See also table 5B, part III, which lists these productsfalphabetically and identifies the manufacturers. 



as produced for sale only, and the grades solidifying at 74° C. to less than 76° C. and at 76° C. to less 
than 79° C, produced both for consumption within the producing plant and for sale. As there is some 
conversion between grades, the statistics include some duplication. 

8 Includes only that distillate of tar sold or consumed for wood-preserving purposes and not the total 
distillate that could be used for creosote oil from which crude tar acids, naphthalene, anthracene, and 
other products reported under "All other distillate products" are to be extracted. 

1" Reported to the U. S. Tariff Commission only. 

11 Includes cresylic acid, crude, and pyridine, crude and semirefined, reported to the U. S. Tariff 
Commission. Also includes anthracene and all other distillate products reported to the Coal Economics 
Division, U. S. Bureau of Mines, and the U. S. Tariff Commission. 

12 Tar used or sold for paints, pipe coatings, saturating, etc. 

13 Water softening point less than 110° F. ASTM D61-24. 
1* Less than 500 tons. 

16 Less than $500. 

16 Water softening point 110° to 160° F. Includes statistics on sales of soft pitch of tar reported to 
the U. S. Tariff Commission. These statistics have been combined to prevent the disclosure of the 
operations of individual producers. 

1^ Water softening point above 160° F. Includes some medium pitch of tar reported to the U. S. 
Bureau of Mines. 

18 Includes some pitch emulsion. 



10 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 5A. — Organic chemicals: United States production and sales of crude products 
from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion, 1947 

[Listed below are the crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which 
any reported data on production or sales may be published. Table 5B in part III lists alphabetically 
all those products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which data on produc- 
tion or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Product 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity Value Unit value 



Grand total - 



1,000 

pounds 

3,133,864 



1,000 

pounds 

2.998,228 



1,000 
dollars 
118,360 



Per 
pound 
$0.04 



AROMATICS AND NAPHTHENES i 

Total 

Cresylic acid, crude 

Naphthenic acid, total 

Acid number less than 200 ' 

Acid number 200 or more 

Toluene, all grades ^ 

Xylene, all grades ^ 

All other aromatics 

ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS 

Total.. 

C2 hydrocarbons: Ethylene ^ 

C3 hydrocarbons: Propane and propylene 

C4 hydrocarbons, total 

1, 3-Butadiene, grade for rubber (Elastomers) 

1-Butene and 2-butene fraction 

All other 

Cs hydrocarbons 

All other aliphatic hydrocarbons 



642,079 



637,926 



16,540 



.03 



(2) 
31,973 



(2) 
22,221 



(2) 

1,431 



(2) 



.06 



16,277 
15,696 

198,214 
238,583 
173,309 



2,491,785 



8,148 
14,073 

208,800 
254,828 
152,077 



2,360,302 



113 
1,318 

5,031 
7,394 
2,684 



101,820 



.01 
.09 

.02 
.03 
.02 



.04 



341,959 
463,966 



232,063 
432,352 



1,485,580 



11,264 
6,827 



79,826 



.05 
.02 



.05 



696,388 
490,205 
272,227 

12,750 
214,290 



707,458 
493,579 
284 , 543 

8,353 
201,954 



56,055 
11,010 
12,761 

918 
2,985 



.08 
.02 
.04 

.11 
.01 



1 The chemical raw materials designated as aromatics may include some compounds identical with 
those obtained by the carbonization of coal or the processing of coal tar; those derived from coal tar, 
however, are excluded from these statistics. 

2 Statistics on the production and sales of crude cresylic acid have been included in "All other aro- 
matics" to prevent the disclosure of the operations of individual producers. In 1947, production of 
crude cresylic acid from petroleum and coal tar combined amounted to 36,808,000 pounds; total sales 
were 9,716,000 pounds, valued at $756,000. 

3 Includes statistics for crude sodium naphthenate. 

* Statistics on toluene from coal tar are given in table 4A. Total United States production from all 
sources was 439,758,000 pounds (60,740,000 gallons); sales were 459,335,000 pounds (63,444,000 gal- 
lons), valued at $11,900,000. 

' Statistics on xylene from coal tar are given in table 4A. Total United States production from all 
sources was 298,155,000 pounds (41,353,000 gallons); sales were 318,552,000 pounds (44,182,000 gal- 
lons), valued at $9,364,000. 

6 Statistics on production of ethylene from nonpetroleum sources (coke-oven gas and alcohol) are 
included in acycUc "Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown" in table 23A. Pro- 
duction of ethylene from these sources is relatively small. 

Note. — These data may not be complete since some crude C3 and d cuts may be sold as fuel but 
later converted by purchasers into petroleum chemicals. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 11 

toluene from petroleum accounted for 45 percent of the domestic pro- 
duction, compared with 28 percent in 1946. 

Of the aliphatic hydrocarbons produced from petroleum and natural 
gas, 1,3-butadiene was the most important in 1947. Production of the 
C4 hydrocarbons in 1947 totaled 1.5 billion pounds; sales were 1.5 bil- 
lion pounds, valued at 80 million dollars. In 1947, a total of 464 million 
pounds of C3 hydrocarbons (propane and propylene) was produced. 
The greater part of this quantity was converted to isopropyl alcohol and 
acetone. Production of ethylene in 1947 — 342 million pounds — was 16 
percent greater than in 1946. This material went into the manufacture 
of organic solvents, plasticizers, polymers, and other products, statistics 
for which are given in the section on miscellaneous chemicals. 



828108—49—2 



PART II. PRODUCTION AND SALES OF INTERMEDIATES AND 
FINISHED SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, BY CROUPS 

General 

The synthetic organic chemicals covered in this report are grouped, 
according to their principal uses, as intermediates and as finished prod- 
ucts. Finished products, in turn, are grouped as dyes, lakes and toners, 
medicinals, flavor and perfume materials, plastics materials, rubber- 

Table 6. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary of United States production and 
sales of intermediates and finished products, average, 1941-45, annual, 1946 and 1947 

[Production and sales in thousands of pounds; sales value in thousands of dollars] 



Chemical 



Average, 
1941-45 



1946 



Increase, 
or de- 
crease ( — ) 
1946 over 
1941-45 



1947 



Increase, 
or de- 
crease ( — ) , 
1947 over 
1946 



Production, grand total. 

Sales, grand total 

Sales value, grand total. 



I. ORGANIC CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 



Production, total- 
Sales, total 

Sales value, total . 



A. Intermediates 



Production. 
Sales 



Sales value 

Number of manufacturers i. 



11,567,088 
7,142,198 
1,394,255 



3,349,143 

2,492,225 

644,714 



1,730,849 
998,108 
124,714 



B. Finished Products 



Production, total. 

Sales, total 

Sales value, total. 



1. Dyes 



Production , total 

Sales, total 

Sales value, total 

Number of manufacturers i. 



1,618,294 

1,494,117 

520,000 



152,283 
151,088 
106,468 



a. Colour Index Group 



Production. 

Sales 

Sales value. 



b. Prototype Group 



Production. 

Sales 

Sales value. 



c. Ungrouped 



Production. 

Sales 

Sales value. 



116,113 

115,243 

63,600 



19,790 
19 , 608 
24,535 



16,380 
16,237 
18,333 



14,236,493 
9,510,181 
1,908,032 



5,085,303 
4,130,382 
1,062,184 



2,447,614 

1,417,570 

159,879 

96 



2,637,689 

2,712,812 

902,305 



186,307 

184,855 

120,289 

40 



152,244 

150,898 

78,691 



19,020 
18,669 
24,358 



15,043 
15,288 
17,240 



Percent 
23.1 
33.2 
36.8 



51.8 
65.7 
64.8 



41.4 
42.0 
28.2 



63.0 
81.6 
73.5 



22.3 
22.3 
13.0 



31.1 
30.9 
23.7 



3.9 

4.8 
.7 



8.2 
5.8 
6.0 



15,909,580 
9,997,468 
2,201,097 



5,091,415 
3,791,812 
1,123,991 



2,623,118 

1,445,732 

189,314 

116 



2,468,298 

2,346,080 

934,677 



212,307 

205,210 

148,154 

46 



172,803 

166,764 

94,368 



21,439 
21,398 
31,205 



18,065 
17,048 

22,581 



Percent 
11.8 
5.1 
15.4 



.1 
8.2 
5.8 



7.2 

2.0 

18.4 



- 6.4 

-13.5 

3.6 



14.0 
11.0 
23.2 



13.5 
10.5 
19.9 



12.7 
14.6 
28.1 



20.1 
11.5 
31.0 



See footnotes at end of table. 



13 



14 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 6. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary of United States production and 
sales of intermediates and finished products, average, 1941-45, annual, 1946 and 
1947 — Continued 



Chemical 


Average, 
1941-45 


1946 


Increase, 
or de- 
crease ( —), 
1946 over 
1941-45 


1947 


Increase, 
or de- 
crease ( — ) , 
1947 over 
1946 


I. ORGANIC CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— 
Continued 






Percent 




Percent 


B. Finished Products — Continued 












2. Lakes and Toners 














20,428 
18,935 
14,187 


33,253 

30,622 

26,464 

44 


62.8 
61.7 
86.5 


37,898 

34,774 

38,240 

35 


14.0 


Sales 


13.6 




44.5 






S. Medicinals 














39,139 

35,447 
97,600 


36,131 

35,380 

201,167 

114 


- 7.7 

- .2 
106.1 


42,841 

36,439 

218,265 

111 


18.6 


Sales - -- 


3.0 




8.5 






J^. Flavor and Perfume Materials 














11,409 
10,497 
13,686 


13,155 
11,742 
17,967 

44 


15.3 
11.9 
31.3 


14,605 

12,168 

17,764 

45 


11.0 




3.6 




- 1.1 






p. Plastics Materials 














367,578 

322,810 

80,190 


576,176 

526,747 

130,685 

120 


56.7 
63.2 
63.0 


737,714 

662,284 

188,688 

125 


28.0 


Sales - 


25.7 




44.4 






6. Rubber-Processing Chemicals 














59,006 
51,635 
21,736 


80,062 

72,832 

29,568 

10 


35.7 
41.1 
36.0 


85,830 

74,353 

31,008 

13 


7.2 


Sales 


2.1 




4.9 






7. Elastomers {Synthetic Rubbers) 














21,178,321 

2 1,098,760 

2 207,082 


1,379,411 

1,548,275 

288,473 

13 


17.1 
40.9 
39.3 


915,995 

964,292 

179,449 

15 


-33.6 


Sales .- --- 


-37.7 




-37.8 






8. Plasticizers 














110,145 

102,755 

22,953 


83,839 

78,597 

21,176 

25 


-23.9 
-23.5 

- 7.7 


103,408 

88,714 

31,831 

26 


23.3 


Sales- -- 


12.9 




50.3 






9. Surface-Active Agents 














42,382 

38,225 

7,155 


95,173 

81,082 

15,061 

43 


124.6 
112.1 
110.5 


112,651 

100,664 

20,700 

49 


18.4 


Sales.. - 


24.2 




37.4 






10. Miscellaneous 














108,931 

103,469 

31,775 


154,182 

142,680 

51,455 

90 


41.5 
37.9 
61.9 


205,048 

167,182 

60,578 

98 


33.0 




17.2 




17.7 















See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



15 



Table 6. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary of United Stales production and 
sales of intermediates and finished products, average, 1941-45, annual, 1946 and 
1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Average, 
1941-45 



1946 



Increase, 
or de- 
crease ( — ), 
1946 over 
1941-45 



Increase, 
or de- 
crease ( — ), 
1947 over 
1946 



II. ORGANIC CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 
(INTERMEDIATES AND 
FINISHED PRODUCTS) 



Production, total - 

Sales, total 

Sales value, totaL 



1. Medicinals 



Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Number of manufacturers 1. 



S. Flavor and Perfume Materials 



Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Number of manufacturers 1. 



S. Plastics Materials 



Production 

Sales , 

Sales value 

Number of manufacturers i- 



4. Rubber-Processing Chemicals 



Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Number of manufacturers i- 



o. Elastomers (Synthetic Rubbers) 
Production 



Sales value 

Number of manufacturers i. 



6. Plasticizers 



Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Number of manufacturers 1. 



Surface-Active Agents 



Production. 



Sales value 

Number of manufacturers i- 



8. Miscellaneous 



Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Number of manufacturers 1. 



8,217,945 

4,649,973 

749,541 



3,643 
3,314 
13,325 



4,123 
4,001 
4,205 



261,718 
230,259 
105,732 



18,198 

17,913 

9,093 



157,320 

147,219 

57,687 



21,336 

14,953 

5,362 



85,038 
76,546 
17 , 884 



7,666,569 

4,155,768 

536,253 



9,151,190 

5,379,799 

845,848 



4,616 

5,022 

17,169 

63 



6,042 

5,891 

7,023 

25 



448,942 
439 , 146 
208,537 

72 



15,500 

14,553 

10,837 

11 



328,376 

334,820 

83,483 

16 



30,757 

23,003 

8,170 

29 



147,001 

133,362 

42 , 598 

75 



8,169,956 

4,424,002 

468,031 

158 



Percent 



11.4 
15.7 
12.8 



26.7 
51.5 
28.8 



46.5 
47.2 
67.0 



71.5 
90.7 
97.2 



-14.8 

-18.8 

19.2 



108.7 

127.4 
44.7 



44.2 
53.8 
52.4 



72.9 

74.2 

138.2 



6.6 

6.5 

-12.7 



10,818,165 
6,205,656 
1,077,106 



6,815 

5,148 

14,981 

59 



6,274 

5,728 

8,298 

20 



513,985 

472,455 

242,626 

81 



14,892 

14,225 

11,594 

13 



287,243 

295,100 

81,972 

17 



36,604 

29,575 

13,939 

31 



178,510 

133,630 

40,387 

84 



9,773,842 

5,249,795 

663,309 

164 



Percent 



1 Number of companies engaged in the manufacture of these products, not the number of producing 
establishments or plants, except that separate divisions of large corporations are considered as sepa- 
rate companies if their operations are virtually independent of the parent organization. 

2 3-year average. 



16 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

processing chemicals, elastomers, plasticizers, surface-active agents, and 
miscellaneous chemicals. Most of these groups are subdivided, accord- 
ing to chemical classes, into cyclic and acyclic compounds. This classi- 
fication roughly parallels the distinction between chemicals of coal-tar 
and non-coal-tar origin followed in earlier reports in this series — a dis- 
tinction then made because synthetic organic chemicals are thus grouped 
for tariff purposes. However, the cyclic and acyclic classification is 
more accurate because important products formerly made exclusively 
from coal tar are now obtained also from non-coal-tar sources. 

Production of all synthetic organic chemicals — intermediates and 
finished products combined — was 16 billion pounds in 1947, an increase 
of 12 percent over that in 1946. Sales were 10 billion pounds, valued at 
2.2 billion dollars, an increase over 1946 of 5 percent in quantity and 
15 percent in value (see table 6). Production of finished cychc prod- 
ucts totaled 2.5 billion pounds in 1947, a decline of 6 percent compared 
with the preceding year. Sales declined 13.5 percent in quantity, but 
increased 3.6 percent in value. The reduced output of finished cyclic 
products resulted entirely from the continued postwar decline in produc- 
tion of synthetic rubber, principally the butadiene-sty rene type. The 
output of cyclic intermediates increased 7 percent in 1947 compared 
with 1946, making the total production of all cychc organic chemicals 
5 bilhon pounds — approximately the same as in 1946. Production of 
all acyclic organic chemicals (intermediates and finished products com- 
bined) totaled 11 bilhon pounds in 1947, an increase of 18 percent over 
the preceding year. Sales increased 15 percent in quantity and 27 per- 
cent in value. 

Among the individual groups of finished products for which substan- 
tial increases in output were reported in 1947, compared with 1946, were 
plasticizers (22 percent), plastics materials (22 percent), medicinals (22 
percent), surface-active agents (20 percent), miscellaneous chemicals 
(20 percent). Increases of from 5 to 14 percent were reported for lakes 
and toners, dyes, flavor and perfume materials, and rubber-processing 
chemicals. In 1947 production of elastomers declined 30 percent from 
the output of 1.7 billion pounds in 1946. (See table 1.) 

For most of the chemicals covered in this report, the demand for 
domestic consumption and for export in 1947 continued to exceed the 
available supplies. The downward trend noted in the output of certain 
of the groups in 1946 was reversed in 1947, when supplies of raw ma- 
terial became more readily available. 



Intermediates 

Cyclic intermediates comprise principally those synthetic organic 
chemicals which are made from coal-tar crudes, but which in recent 
years have been made in increasing quantities also from petroleum and 
natural gas. Intermediates are used chiefly in the manufacture of more 
advanced synthetic organic chemicals and finished products such as 
dyes, medicinals, explosives, plastics materials, elastomers (synthetic 
rubbers), and flavor and perfume materials. However, some inter- 
mediates may be sold without further processing. Thus, refined naph- 
thalene may be used as a raw material for the manufacture of phthalic 
anhydride or |S-naphthol, or it may be packaged and sold as a moth 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



17 



repellent or as a deodorant, both of which are finished products. In 
general, the manner in which the greater part of the output of a given 
chemical is consumed usually determines its use classification in this 
report. 

Production and sales of cyclic intermediates in 1947 are shown in 
table 7A.^ Intermediates for which individual statistics are shown in 
the table represent 62 percent of the total produced. In 1947, as in 
previous years, about 45 percent of the total output was consumed in 
the producing plants in the manufacture of more advanced interme- 
diates and finished products. Since many of the intermediates included 
in the statistics represent successive steps in production, the totals 
shown necessarily include considerable duplication. 

1 See also table 7B, part III, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufacturers. 



Table 7A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of cyclic 

intermediates, 1947 

[Listed below are all cyclic intermediate synthetic organic chemicals for which any reported data on 
production and sales may be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are confidential 
and may not be published or where no data were reported.) Table 7B in part III lists alphabetically- 
all cycUc intermediate synthetic organic chemicals for which data on production or sales were report- 
ed and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Chemical 


Prod uction 


Sales 




Quantity 


Value 


Unit value 


Total - - - 


J, 000 

pounds 

2,623,118 


1,000 

pounds 

1,445,732 


1,000 
dollars 
189,314 


Per 
pound 
$0.13 




Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be 


1,007,193 
1,615,925 


273,158 
1,172,574 


69,280 
120.034 


05 


Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below. 


.10 




8,898 

79 
1,029 

8,107 

311 

88 

56 

498 

1,271 

71 

29 

67 
60 

84 

603 
72 

264 
16 

1,382 


6,176 


1,275 




Acetate leuco violet (1, 4-Diamino-2, 3-dihydroanthra- 
quinone) _ - _ - _ 












N-Acetylsulfanilyl chloride (p-Acetamidobenzenesul- 
fonvl chloride) - 








p-Aminoacetanilide (Acetyl-p-phenylenediamine) 

5-Amino-2-anilinobenzenesulfonic acid 


72 


84 


1.17 


2-(p-Aminoanilino)-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid . . _. 
















2-Aniinoanthraquinone and salt 








6-Amino-3, 4'-azobis(benzenesulfonic acid) 








6-(m-Aminobenzamido) -l-naphthoI-3-s ulfonic acid 
(m-Aminobenzoyl J acid)-- -- _. -- 








6-(p-Aminobenzamido)-l-n a p h t h ol-3-s ulfonicacid 

(p-Aminobenzoyl J acid) - 








2-Amino-p-ben2enedisulfonic acid _ - .- -- 








l-Amino-4-bromo-2-anthraquinonesulfonic acid (Bro- 








2-Amino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid (Lake red C 


123 


112 


.91 


l-Amino-2, 4-dibromoanthraquinone -- 




3-Amino-l, 5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 


24 


27 


1.13 


3-Amino-2, 7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid -. 




6-Amino-l, 3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (2-Naphthyl- 
amine-5, 7-disulfomc acid) 








7-Amino-l, 3-naphthalenedisuIfonic acid (Amino G 
acid) .- -- 


6 


4 


.67 


8-Amino-l, 6-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 


103 

215 

198 

2,860 

337 

68 

526 

246 




5-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Laurent's acid) 








5-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid _ . 


44 
1,272 

24 
9 


29 
660 

17 
12 


.66 


2-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Tobias acid) 

5 (and 8)-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfomc acid (Cleve's 
acid)-- -- 


.52 

.71 


6-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Broenner's acid)- 
8-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid - - 


1.33 


8-Amino-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid 








See footnotes at end of table. 









18 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 7A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of cyclic 
intermediates, 1947 — Continued 



I 



Chemical 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity Value Unit value 



8-Amino-l-naphthoI-5, 7-disuIfonic acid (Chicago 
acid) , monosodium salt — 

8-Aniino-l-naphthol-3, 6-disuIfomc acid (H acid), 
monosodium salt 

1 -A mino-2-naphthol-4-sulf onic acid 

6-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (J acid), sodium 

ilt. 



7-Amino-l-naphthoI-3-sulfonic . acid (Gamma acid), 

sodium salt 

2-Amino-5-nitrobenzenesuIf onic acid 

2-Amino-4-nitrophenol 

o-Aminophenol 

p-Aminophenol and salts « 

2-Amino-l-phenol-4-sulf onic acid ^ 

p-(p-Aminophenylazo) benzenesulfonic acid 

2-(4-Amino-3-suifophenyl)-6-m e t h y l-S-benzothiazole- 

sulf onic acid 

. 2-Aminothiazole 

4-Amino-m-toluenesulf onic acid ^_-- 

2-Amino-3, 5-xylenesulfonic acid (m-Xylidenesulfonic 

acid) 

Aniline (Aniline oil) -- 

Anilinomethanesulfonic acid (Aniline omega sulfonic 

acid) and salt 

8-Ani!ino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

6-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (Phenyl J acid)-. 
7-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfomc acid (Phenyl gamma 

acid) 

p-Anisidine 

o-Anisidinomethanesulfonic acid (o-Anisidine-omega- 

sulf onic acid) 

Anthraquinone-1, o-disulfonic acid 

Anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonic acid and salt 

1-Anthraquinonesulfonic acid and salt 

Anthrarufin (1, 5-Dihydroxyanthraquinone) 

Benzaldehyde, tech 

l-Benzamido-5-chloroanthraquinone 

6-Benzamido-l -naphthol-3-sulf onic acid 

7-Benz[de]anthracen-7-one (Benzanthrone) 

Benzidine hydrochloride and sulfate 

Benzoic acid, tech 

o-Benzoylbenzoic acid 

4-(N-Benzyl-N-ethylamino)-o-toluenesulfonic acid 

p,p'-Bis (dimethylamino)benzohydrol (Michler's 

hydrol) -- 

p,p'-Bis (dimethylamino)benzophenone (Michler's 

ketone) 

3-Bromo-7-benz[de]anthracen-7-one 

3-Carboxy-2 (and 4)-hydroxybenzenediazonium sulfatc- 

4-Chloro-o-anisidine 

1-Chloroanthraquinone 

2-Chloroanthraquinone 

Chlorobenzene, mono 

o-(m-Chlorobenzoyl)benzoic acid 

l-Chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene 

l-Chloro-2-methylanthraquinone 

2-Chloro-4-nitroaniline 

4-Chloro-2-nitroaniline 

a-Chlorotoluene (Benzyl chloride) 

4-Chloro-o-toluidine (2-Amino-4-chlorotoluene) (Red 

KB base) 

4-Chloro-o-tolylmercaptoacetic acid 

Cresols, total i ^ 



Cresols (o-), (m-), and (p-). 

Cresol (meta, para) 

Cresol (ortho, meta, para)-. 



Cresylic acid, refined ' ^ 

2 , 6-Diaminoanthraquinone 

2, 4-Diaminobenzenesulfonic acid 

4, 4'-Diamino-3, 3'-biphenyldisulfonic acid- 
See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 

168 

4,959 
1,227 

835 

1,297 
109 
154 
101 
893 
130 
139 

17 

1,424 

275 

32 
107,027 

187 
316 
141 

119 
405 

44 

697 

273 

1,304 

296 

1,559 

70 

23 

1,025 

3,064 



5,787 
44 

27 

142 

187 

53 

145 

172 

1,297 

334,816 

2,210 

21,616 

184 

437 

368 

6,087 

229 
37 

15,633 



2,799 
6,569 
6,265 

26,354 

121 

151 

22 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



Per 
pound 



56 



$2.09 



43 

782 
24 



71 

563 

19 



1.65 
.72 
.79 



32 
'64^289' 



17 
"7^624' 



.53 

"^12 



1,531 



580 



.38 



520 



212 



.41 



267,263 



15,600 



10,328 



1,396 



.06 

'.ii 



382 
4,928 



234 
933 



.61 
.19 



2,229 



.15 



2,538 
6,288 
6,055 

24,315 



581 
868 
780 

2,435 



.23 
.14 
.13 

.10 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



19 



Table 7A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of cyclic 
intermediates, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit value 



2, 2'-Diainino-5, 5'-bi-m-toluenesulfonic acid (4, 4'- 
Diamino-3, 3'-dimethyl-5, 5'-bisbenzenesulfonic acid) 

4. 4'-Diaminodiphenylamine-2-sulfonic acid 

N, N'-Di(m-aniinophenyl) oxamide (Oxalyl-m-phenyl- 

enediamine) 

4, 4'-Diamino-2, 2'-stilbenedisulfonio acid 

4, 5'-Dibenzamido-l, I'-iminodianthraquinone 

2, 5-Dichloroaiiiline and hydrochloride 

o-Dichlorobenzene 

p-Dichlorobenzene 

3, 3'-Dichlorobenzidine and sulfate 

1 , 4-Dichloro-2-rLitrobenzene 

l-(2, 5-Dichloro-4-sulfophenyl)-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone. 

2, 5-Dichlorosulfanilic acid 

4, 5-Dihydroxy-2, 7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Chro- 
motropic acid) . 

4, 5-Dihydroxy-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Dioxy S 

acid) 

N, N-Dimethylaniline 

2, 2'-Dimethyi-l, 1-bianthraquinone 

p-(2, 4-Dimtroaiiilino) phenol (Dinitrohydroxydi- 

phenylamine) 

Dinitroanthraquinone (1, 5- and 1, 8-) 

4, 4'-Dinitro-2, 2'-stilbenedisulfonic acid 

Diphenylacetonitrile 

N-Ethylaniline, refined 

a-(N-Ethylanilino)-p-toluenesulfonic acid 

N-Ethyl-N-phenyibenzylamine (N, N-Ethylbenzyi- 

aniline) 

Ethylphenylmalonic acid, diethyl ester 

p-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid 

1 , l'-Iminobis(4-benzamidoanthraquinone) - 

6, 6'-Iminobis(l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid) (I or J acid 

imide) (Rhoduline acid) 

1 , 1 '-Iminodi-4-aminoanthraquinone 

1 , 1 '-Iiiiinodianthraquinone 

Leuco quinizarin (1, 4, 9, lO-Anthratetrol) 

Metanilic acid 

p, p'-JMethylenebis (N, N-dimethylaniUne) (Tetrame- 

thyldiaminodiphenylmethane) 

3-Methyl-l-phenyl-5-pyTazolone (Developer Z) 

3-Methyl-l-(p-sulfophenyl)-5-pyrazolone 

Naphthalene, solidifying at 79° C, or above (refined, 

flake): From American crude naphthalene 

1 , 5-Naphthalenedisulf onic acid-_ 

2-Naphthalenemercaptoacetic acid ^ 

1-Naphthol (a-Naphthol) ^ 

2-Naphthol-3, 6-disulfonic acid 

2-Naphthol-6, 8-disulfonic acid 

l-Naphthol-4-sulfomc acid (Nevile and Winther's acid) 

1 -Naphthol-5-sulfonic acid 

2-Naphthol-6-sulfomc acid (Schaeffer's acid) 

Naphth[l, 2] oxadiazole-5-sulfonic acid 

1-Naphthylamine 

p-Nitroacetanilide 

2-Nitro-p-anisidine 

4-Nitro-o-anisid)ne 

5-Nitro-o-anisidine 

6-(m-Nitrobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (m- 

Nitrobenzoyl J acid) 

Nitrobenzene 

m-Nitrobenzenesulf onic acid 

o-Nitrophenol 

p-Nitrosophenol 

3-Nitro-p-toluenesulfonic acid 

5-Nitro-o-toluenesulf onic acid 

2-Nitro-p-toluidine 

4-Nitro-o-toluidine 



Phenol, total'. 



Natural, from coal tar and petroleum. 
Synthetic 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 

42 
55 

16 

310 

202 

451 

15,988 

34,521 

634 

802 

268 

82 

101 

15 

6,894 

122 



80 
651 

698 
1,028 

1,363 
441 
170 

1,340 
108 

39 
133 
104 

67 
833 

1,151 
965 
102 

94,739 
330 
142 
453 
772 
808 
267 
142 
269 
613 



226 
143 
422 
111 

26 

142,198 

421 

271 

466 

262 

1 ,455 

1,627 

23 

265,269 



22,147 
243,122 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



Per 
pound 



302 
11,615 
34,226 

469 



172 

812 

3,948 

495 



50.57 

.07 

.12 

1.06 



175 



94 



831 



833 



1.00 



29 
54,758 



40 
5,160 



1.38 
.09 



276 



38 
" 1^035 



54 



22 
'351' 

"iio" 



12,946 
280 



957 
111 



1,422 
235,226 



21,151 
214,075 



1,651 
23,153 



2,230 
20,923 



.57 



.58 
'2T04 



.07 
.40 



1.16 



.10 



20 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 7A.- 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of cyclic 
intermediates, 1947 — -Continued 



Chemical 


Production 


Sales 




Quantity 


Value 


Unit value 


p-Phenylazoaniline (Aminoazobenzene) and hydro- 


1,000 
pounds 

217 

1,295 

1 

89 

482 

137,467 

583 

1,949 

610 

310,748 

3,051 

567 

797 

1,388 

186 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
dollars 


pound 


















2, 2'-Phenyliniinodiethanol (Phenyldiethanolamine) 
















109,297 

603 

1,879 

229 

306,829 


16,962 

158 

889 

26 

27,636 


$0.16 




.26 




.47 




.11 


Styrene ( Vinylbenzene) : Grade for rubber (Elastomers) 


.09 




195 
515 
460 
159 
1,237 


174 
659 
325 
133 
593 


.89 




1.28 


2, 4-Toluenediamine (4-m-TolyIenediamine) 


.71 
.84 




.48 


6-p-ToIuinometanilic acid 

l-(p-Toluino) naplithalene-S-sulfonic acid (Tolyl peri 


13 

59 
827 
647 
811 

352 

87 

265 

110 

33 










a-Tolunitrile (Benzyl cyanide) 

4-(o-Tolylazo)-o-toluidine (o-Aminoazotoluene) 


365 


163 


.45 








6, 6'-Ureylenebis(l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid) (J acid 








o-Veratraldehyde (3, 4-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde) 














2, 4-Xylidine (m-4-Xylidine)-- - 








2, 5-Xylidine (p-Xylidine) 

















1 Data for coke ovens and gas-retort ovens reported to the Coal Economics Division, U. S. Bureau 
of Mines; for tar refineries and others, to the U. S. Tarifif Commission unless otherwise noted. 

2 Includes production from petroleum. 



Production of cyclic intermediates in 1947 increased to a record height 
of 2.6 billion pounds — 7 percent over the previous peak of 2.4 billion 
pounds reported in 1946, 13 percent over the level in 1945, and 91 per- 
cent over the average for the wartime period 1940-44. This increase 
was due in part to expanded output of some of the large tonnage inter- 
mediates and in part to increases in a large number of smaller tonnage 
intermediates. Despite this increase, the demand for most interme- 
diates exceeded the available supply, and additional output was limited 
only by the lack of a number of raw materials such as naphthalene, 
/3-naphthol, and caustic soda. 

In 1947 reported sales of cyclic intermediates totaled 1.4 billion 
pounds, or about the same as in 1946, and slightly more than the 1.3 
billion pounds reported for 1945. However, the value of sales, which 
was 189 million dollars in 1947, was 18 percent greater than in 1946 
and 32 percent greater than in 1945. 

Among the individual intermediates listed in table 7 A, significant 
increases in production in 1947 were reported for monochlorobenzene, 
synthetic phenol, aniline, nitrobenzene, and phthalic anhydride. The 
output of monochlorobenzene, used chiefly in the manufacture of syn- 
thetic phenol and aniline, totaled 335 million pounds, or 25 percent more 
than in 1946 and 41 percent more than in 1945. In 1947 total produc- 
tion of natural and synthetic phenol, for use mainly in the manufacture 
of sjTithetic resins, was 265 million pounds, or 30 percent greater than 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 21 

that in 1946. This increase was due chiefly to the greatly increased 
output of synthetic phenol, from 184 million pounds in 1946 to an all- 
time record of 243 million pounds in 1947. The output of aniline was 
107 million pounds in 1947, compared with 88 million in 1946; it went 
principally into rubber-processing chemicals and coal-tar intermediates 
and dyes. Production of nitrobenzene, used chiefly in the manufacture 
of more advanced intermediates and dyes, was 27 million pounds great- 
er than in 1946, an increase of 24 percent. The output of phthalic 
anhydride, used chiefly in alkyd resins, plasticizers, and dyes, was 25 
million pounds (or 22 percent) greater than in 1946. Increases in pro- 
duction were reported also for N, N-dimethylaniline (89 percent), 1- 
chloro-2, 4-dinitrobenzene (83 percent) , N-acetyl sulfanilyl chloride 
(31 percent), technical acetanilide (27 percent), p-dichlorobenzene (11 
percent), and cresols (5 percent). 

The greatest decline in output during 1947 occurred in the interme- 
diates used in the manufacture of synthetic elastomers. The output of 
styrene, an important constituent of GR-S synthetic rubber, was 311 
million pounds in 1947, compared with 406 million in 1946, or a decline 
of 23 percent. Small declines were reported also for refined naphtha- 
lene (although the output in 1947 was still 22 percent greater than the 
78 million pounds reported in 1945), and for a large number of less 
important intermediates, especially those based on naphthalene. 

Dyes 

Because of the greater demand for dyes both in domestic and foreign 
markets, the total output of all types of dyes reached an all-time record 
of 212 million pounds in 1947. This record output was achieved despite 
disrupted production schedules and process interference caused by 
temporary shortages of many coal-tar intermediates. Production of 
dyes in 1947 was 26 million pounds (or 14 percent) above the previous 
record reached in 1946, and 67 million pounds (or 46 percent) above the 
total reported for 1945. Even so, the demand, especially for the export 
trade, continued to exceed the supply. Sales of all types of dyes in 
1947 totaled 205 million pounds, valued at 148 million dollars, com- 
pared with 185 million pounds, valued at 120 millioij dollars, in 1946, 
and 138 million pounds, valued at 104 million dollars, in 1945. 

Production and sales of individual dyes in 1947, grouped by Colour 
Index number and by Foreign Prototype number, are shown in table 
8 A. 2 Dyes for which separate statistics are shown represent 75 percent 
of the total quantity of dyes produced. As in previous years, dyes 
grouped by Colour Index number accounted for the greater part (81 
percent) of all dyes produced in 1947. The output of Colour Index 
dyes totaled 173 million pounds in 1947, compared with 152 million 
pounds in 1946 and 109 milHon in 1945. In 1947 the output of dyes 
having recognized foreign prototypes was 2.4 million pounds greater 
than the output of 19 million pounds in 1946; it represented 10 percent 
of the total production of all dyes in 1947. Production of ungrouped 
dyes totaled 18.1 million pounds (or 9 percent of the total output in 
1947) compared with 15 million and 14.7 million pounds, respectively, 
in 1946 and 1945. Acetate rayon dyes continued to be the most im- 
portant of the ungrouped dyes. The output of food, drug, and cosmetic 
dyes totaled 990,000 pounds in 1947, a slight increase compared with 
1946. 

2 See also table 8B, part III, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufacturers. 



22 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 8A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of coal- 
tar dyes, 1947 

[Listed below are all coal-tar dyes for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are confidential and may not be published or where no 
data were reported.) Table 8B in part III lists alphabetically all dyes for which data on production 
or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Colour 
Index or 

Proto- 
type 
No. 


Dye 


Production 




Sales 




Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 




Grand total 


1.000 
pounds 

212,307 


1.000 
pounds 

205,210 


1.000 
dollars 

148,154 


Per 
pound 

SO. 72 




Dyes for which separate statistics may not be 


52,273 
160,034 

172,803 


49,611 
155,599 

166,764 


51,606 
96,548 

94,368 


1.04 




Dyes for which separate statistics are shown 


.62 




DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX 
NUMBER 

Total 


.57 




Azo Dyes 
Monoazo Dyes 




17 


71 

615 

225 

410 

245 

13 

672 

206 

99 

36 

416 

216 

659 

86 

19 

234 

401 

617 

69 

285 

56 

14 

200 

198 

120 


62 

556 

226 

387 

296 

14 

690 

233 

103 

35 

384 

202 

576 

88 

20 

281 

399 

578 

63 

297 

46 

15 

221 

231 

137 

48 

1,617 

1,061 

194 

137 

36 

86 

43 

712 

253 

2,002 

355 

77 

61 
319 

49 
645 
194 

89 

234 

899 

140 

1,365 


52 

229 

87 

239 

160 

7 

264 

134 

60 

17 

195 

180 

301 

50 

21 

450 

769 

347 

48 

101 

37 

15 

138 

136 

86 

27 

576 

407 

86 

74 

26 

51 

45 

410 
195 
884 
351 

50 

30 
740 

45 
414 
113 

55 

182 

1,089 

70 
623 


.85 


20 




.41 


21 




.38 


24 




.62 


27 




.54 


30 




.51 


31 




.38 


36 




.57 


40 




.58 


52 
57 




.49 




.51 


73 


Sudan II - - 


.89 


79 




.52 


88 


Fast red B -- -- 


.57 


114 




1.05 


117 




1.60 


118 




1.93 


138 




.60 


146 




.77 


161 




.34 


168 




.81 


169 




1.01 


176 




.62 


179 




.59 


180 


Fast red VR - 


.62 


197 




.57 


202 




1,450 

1,022 

240 

111 

43 

100 


.36 


203 


Chrome black T - 


.38 


204 




.44 


208 




.54 


209 




.72 


216 




.59 


219 




1.05 


234 


Disazo Dyes 


757 


.57 


235 




.77 


246 


Acid black lOB - - 


2,046 
329 

77 

59 
350 

52 
623 
207 

81 

254 

885 

144 

1,309 


.44 


252 




.99 


262 


Cloth red B - -- -- -- 


.65 


274 




.49 


278 


Direct fast red 8BL - - 


2.32 


280 


Scarlet EC - -- 


.93 


289 




.64 


299 




.58 


304 


Fast acid black 2BN - 


.62 


307 




.77 


326 




1.21 


331 
332 


Bismarck brown R 


.50 
.46 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



23 



Table 8A — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of coal- 
tar dyes, 1947 — Continued 



Dye 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX 

NUMBER— Continued 

Azo Dyes — Continued 

Disazo Dyes — Continued 

Direct fast yellow 5GL 

Direct fast yellow 4GL ex 

Direct fast pink 2BL 

Brilliant yellow 

Congo corinth G 

Direct scarlet B 

Direct violet B 

Direct violet N 

Developed black BH 

Direct blue 2B 

Direct orange R 

Direct fast red F 

Direct brown M 

Direct brown B 

Polar red 

Chrome fast yellow RD 

Milling redG 

Direct blue 3B 

Acid anthracene red 3B 

Benzopurpurine lOB 

Direct azurine G 

Direct blue RW 

Direct sky blue FF 

Direct pure blue 



Trisazo Dyes 



Direct fast black FF_ 

Plutoform black 

Direct brown BT 

Direct black EW 

Direct black RX 

Direct green ET 

Chloramine green B. 

Direct green B 

Direct green G 

Direct brown 3G0 

Congo brown G 



Stilbene Dyes 



Direct yellow R 

Chloramine orange G. 
Stilbene yellow 



Pyrazolone Dyes 



Fast light yellow G. 
Xylene light yellow. 

Tartrazine 

Chrome red B 

Pyrazol orange 



Ketonimine Dyes 



Auramine. 



Triphenylmethane and Diphenylnaphthyl- 
methane Dyes 



Malachite green ' . 

Rhoduline blue 6G 

Acid green B 

Fast acid green B 

Acid glaucine blue 

Para f uchsine 

Magenta 

Methyl violet B and base. 
Crystal violet 



1,000 
pounds 



63 

62 

251 

645 

217 



102 
2,682 
1,967 
110 
451 
783 



473 



38 
305 
163 

14 
304 
106 
701 
316 



513 

586 

384 

11,205 

708 

393 

72 

1,314 

108 

1,299 

''22 



936 
214 
168 



159 
554 
1,061 
156 
110 



1,762 



685 

77 

190 

82 

1,084 



J, 000 
pounds 



21 

57 

55 

257 

632 

202 

35 

89 

2,858 

1,925 

146 

418 

879 

24 

425 

5 



321 
159 



359 
1,751 
1,033 



316 
105 
732 
348 



496 

585 

367 

11,072 

726 

366 

71 

1,202 

99 

1,193 

200 



924 
211 
157 



134 
556 
897 
168 

77 



1,707 



701 
40 

210 
67 

977 

10 

85 

1,559 

790 



1,000 
dollars 



42 

80 
114 
218 
452 
202 

28 

106 

1,131 

534 

58 
287 
492 

25 

382 

6 



89 
167 



249 

89 

731 

205 



276 
465 
503 
3,244 
259 
143 

22 
428 

42 
445 
104 



570 
144 
113 



145 
512 
683 
175 
125 



1,743 



928 

129 

155 

180 

732 

24 

186 

1,076 

1,480 



24 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 8A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of coal- 
tar dyes, 1947 — Ck)ntinued 



Colour 
Index or 

Proto- 
type 
No. 



Dye 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX 

NUMBER— Continued 

Triphenylmethane and Diphenylnaphthyl- 
methane Dyes — Continued 



Ethyl violet 

Acid violet 

Soluble blue 

Patent blue A 

Acid chrome azurol B_. 
Acid chrome cyanine R. 

Victoria blue B 

Wool green S 



Xanthene Dyes 



Fluorescein 

Uranine (Fluorescein, alkali salt) 

Eosine G (Tetrabromofluorescein, alkali salt). 



Acridine Dyes 
Phosphine 

Thiazole Dyes 

Direct fast yellow 

Azine Dyes 



Wool fast blue 

Safranine 

Induline, spirit-soluble. - 
Nigrosine, spirit-soluble. 
Nigrosine, water-soluble. 



Thiazine Dyes 

Methylene blue 

Sulfur or Sulfide D 
Totali 



Sulfur 
Sulfur 
Sulfur 
Sulfur 
Sulfur 
Sulfur 
Sulfur 
Sulfur 
Sulfur 



black 

blue 

brown-. 

green 

maroon - 

oUve 

orange.. 

tan 

yellow. - 



Anthraquinone Dyes 



Alizarin red S 

Acid alizarin blue SE 

Acid alizarin blue B 

Alizarin astrol B 

AUzarin cyanine green 

Anthraquinone blue black B 

Acid anthraquinone sky blue B. 



Anthraquinone Vat Dyes 

.Anthraquinone vat golden orange G, 12% 

Anthraquinone vat scarlet G, 16%% 

Anthraquinone vat dark blue BO, 25% 

Anthraquinone vat green B and black B, 

121^% 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 



39 
255 
128 
120 
158 

38 
355 
165 



20 

20 

121 



97 



377 



267 

374 

45 

3,372 

1,402 



41,820 



32,358 

4,612 

2,445 

692 

864 

285 

82 

188 

394 



73 

132 
783 



359 

384 

78 



565 
342 
542 

1,031 



1,000 
pounds 



39 
268 
191 
110 
162 

33 
295 
181 



109 



245 

362 

51 

3,353 

1,398 



697 



39,485 



30.320 

4,407 

2,521 

592 

845 

271 

45 

203 

281 



87 
138 
696 

46 
322 
392 

64 



348 
270 
566 



1,000 
dollars 



69 
283 
458 
204 
285 

76 
592 
123 



12 

26 

126 



408 



396 

504 

32 

1,136 

621 



730 



12,088 



7,758 

2,313 

733 

532 

376 

92 

12 

54 

218 



183 
310 
1,262 
102 
774 
653 
231 



518 
479 
814 

497 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



25 



Table 8A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of coal- 
tar dyes, 1947 — Continued 



Colour 
Index or 

Proto- 
type 
No. 



Dye 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX 

NUMBER— Continued 

Anthraguinone Vat Dyes — Continued 

Anthraquinone vat violet 2R, 12J^% 

Anthraquinone vat blue RS, 10% 

Anthraquinone vat olive R, 12J^% 

Anthraquinone vat brown R, 123^% 

Anthraquinone vat brown G, 123^% 



Indigoid and Thioindigoid Dyes 



Indigo, synthetic, 20%. 
VatredSB, 20% 



Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Dyes 
Total 



Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Colors 
Total 



Blue #1 

Blue #2 

Orange #1 

Red #2 

Red #3 

Red #1, #4, #32, 

YeUow #5 

YeUow #6 

YeUow #1, #3, #' 
All other 



Drug and Cosmetic Colors 
Total 2 



Orange #3, #4, #5, #11, #14, #15, #17. 

Red #8 

Red #9 

Red #12 :. 

Red #19 

Red #21 

Red, other 

All other - 



All Other Dyes Grouped by Colour Index Number 
Total 



DYES GROUPED BY FOREIGN 
PROTOTYPE NUMBER 



Total. 



Acid alizarin flavine R 

Acid anthracene brown PG 

Algol yeUow GC 3 

Alizarin supra blue A 

Anthracene chromate brown EB. 

Benzo chrome black blue B 

Benzo fast black L 

Benzo fast blue 4GL 

Brilliant benzo violet B 

Brilliant wool blue FFR 

Celliton orange GR 

Chlorantine fast brown BRL 



1,000 
pounds 



371 
2,319 
792 
824 
955 



25,805 
258 



988 



829 



17 

3 

94 

206 

19 

148 

188 

74 

59 

21 



33,093 



21,439 



258 
1,355 

36 
391 

87 
257 
107 
106 
113 
102 
599 



1,000 
pounds 



350 
937 
936 
904 
798 



25,917 
250 



1,003 



868 



14 

4 

121 

234 

16 
136 
191 

93 



59 



135 



14 



31,830 



21,398 



17 

240 

1,335 

34 

348 

86 

260 

101 

95 

94 

71 

485 



1,000 
dollars 



728 
1,426 
1,076 
1,316 
1,023 



5,197 
336 



3,128 



2,699 



150 
51 
274 
591 
242 
485 
501 
226 



179 



429 



100 
40 

180 
66 



24,663 



31,205 



19 

442 

1,643 

96 
266 

97 
245 
164 
114 
173 

81 
619 



See footnotes at end of table. 



26 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 8A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of coal- 
tar dyes, 1947 — Continued 



Colour 
Index or 
Proto- 
type 
No. 



Dye 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



DYES GROUPED BY FOREIGN 
PROTOTYPE NUMBER— Continued 



Chlorantine fast yellow 4GL 

Chlorantine fast yellow RL 

Cotton black 3G 

Diamine Bordeaux B 

Diamine catechine G 

Diamine catechine 3G 

Diamine fast blue FFB 

Diamine fast orange EG 

Diamine fast orange ER 

Diazo Bordeaux 7B 

Diazo brilliant scarlet 2BL ex 

Diazo brilliant scarlet ROA 

Diazo fast red 7BL 

Guinea fast red BL 

Indanthrene brown RRD 

Indanthrene khaki 2G 

Milling yellow HoG 

Neolan blue GG 

Oxydiaminogen OB 

Polar orange R 

Rapidogen blue D 

Rapidogen red RS 

Rapidogen scarlet RS 

Rapidogen yellow G 

Rosanthrene fast Bordeaux 2BL 

Sulphon yellow R 

Victoria fast violet 2R ex 

Zambesi black D 

Alizarin fast gray BBLW 

Celliton fast blue B 

Celliton scarlet B 

Fast Bordeaux GP base and salt 

Fast garnet GBC base and salt 

Fast orange GC base and salt 

Fast red GL base and salt 

Fast red 3GL base and salt 

Fast red KB base 

Fast red TR base and salt 

Indanthrene olive green B 

Naphthol AS 

Naphthol AS-BO 

Naphthol AS-BS 

Naphthol AS-D 

Naphthol AS-OL 

Naphthol AS-SW 

Palatine fast pink BN 

All other dyes grouped by Foreign Prototype 
number 



UNGROUPED DYES 
Total 



Acetate rayon dyes, total (see tables 10 and 11 
for total of all acetate rayon dyes) * 



Black, IV, IV extra, AZO, B, BCD, BNF, 
EC, 3G, GFS, 3GNF, GS, GY, J, LNB, 
NS, PL, S, 2S, SN 5 

Blue, A, B, 2B, BGF, BNN, BP, BXN, EC, 
FFG, FFR, FFRN, 5G, GR, LB, M, 
RDA 6 

Brown B, G, JG, R, RB, ROO 

Orange, I, III, BL, FSI, GL, GR, GRN, R, 
2R, 3R, 4R, RB 7 

Red III, VI-X, VII, VIII, IX, B, 2B, BG, 
BS, BX, 3BX, C, CSB, G, 2G, GC, GP, 
LRB, NB, R, RN, RNR, RP, RPR, Y, 2Y8 

Violet II, 3B, BGF, R, 2R, 5RLF 



1,000 
pounds 



177 
75 



235 
47 

124 

336 
84 
91 
60 
31 

212 



114 
954 



26 
364 
135 

29 
133 
114 
140 
101 
102 

56 



52 

45 

16 

224 

320 

734 

34 

113 

227 

134 

48 

347 

938 

125 

598 

225 

119 

330 

40 

9,619 



18,065 



4,982 



2,578 
900 



336 



425 

42 



1.000 
pounds 



182 

64 

52 

221 

63 

117 

315 

103 

87 

84 

20 

206 

92 

104 

971 

728 



418 

139 

23 

129 

122 

125 

108 

93 

35 

95 

65 

40 

9 

146 

318 

553 

53 

103 

243 

129 

46 

302 

1,018 

119 

583 

150 

69 

410 

32 

9,148 



17,048 



2,460 



879 
40 



295 
33 



1.000 
dollars 



293 
131 

46 
220 

67 

85 
489 
128 
119 
110 

54 
362 
150 

94 

1,134 

977 



389 

145 

25 

469 

306 

299 

314 

188 

45 

65 

56 

150 

21 

160 

338 

448 

55 

84 

174 

345 

127 

426 

1,205 

401 

1,084 

290 

138 

969 

79 

13,992 



22,581 



1,783 



1,267 
43 



263 



295 
79 



footnotes at end of table." 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



27 



Table 8A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of coal- 
tar dyes, 1947 — Continued 



Colour 
Index or 
Proto- 
type 
No. 



Dye 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



UNGROUPED DYES— Continued 

Yellow, #1. #17, VIII, IX, XII, A, FFA, 
FSI, G, 5G, 3GA, 7GE, GL, GLF, GN, 
6GN, GOO, GR, GSN, GX, JT, L3G, 
M, 2RA, 4RL, 4RLF, RN 9... 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 



598 
103 



1,000 
pounds 



487 
61 



1,000 
dollars 



658 
110 



Anthraquinone vat navy blue 

Anthraquinone vat red brown 

Azoic dyes and their components, total (see 
table 12 for data on all azoic dyes and 

their components) '" 

Chrome brown 

Chrome green 

Chrome yellow 

Developed scarlet 

Direct black 

Direct blue 

Direct brown 

Direct fast blue 

Direct fast brown 

Direct fast gray 

Direct fast orange 

Direct fsist red 

Direct navy 

Direct navy blue 

O il orange 

Oil red -.. 

All other ungrouped dyes 



393 



396 



Per 
pound 



$1.35 
1.77 



1.01 



60 



1,625 
47 



31 



223 

17 

144 

332 

92 



1,543 
54 
52 
38 
32 
236 



2,382 
43 
32 
22 
72 
110 



1.54 
.80 
.62 
.56 

2.22 
.47 



101 
159 



119 

47 

525 

9,561 



123 
304 

91 
113 
115 
156 

44 
119 

46 

454 

8,633 



94 

561 

165 

191 

195 

274 

39 

73 

38 

445 

12,951 



.76 

1.85 

1.82 

1.69 

1.70 

1.75 

.87 

.62 

.82 

.98 

1.50 



1 Does not include derivatives of carbazole (Colour Index Nos. 969 and 971). 
^ Includes drug and cosmetic colors, external, data on which are confidential. 
' Includes Colour Index No. 1095. 

* Excludes acetate rayon dyes that appear under "Dyes grouped by Foreign Prototype number." 
^ Includes developed black, diazo black, and direct black. 

6 Includes brilliant blue, discharge blue, navy blue, pure blue, and saphirole blue. 
^ Includes golden orange and Ught orange. 

* Includes rubine and scarlet. 

8 Includes brUliant yellow, fast yellow, fluorescent yellow, and golden yellow. 

1" Excludes azoic dyes and their components that appear under "Dyes grouped by Colour Index 
number," and "Dyes grouped by Foreign Prototype number." 

Note — For ungrouped dyes other than acetate rayon, see list of dyes included under each general 
dye name in table 8B. 



The greatest increases in quantity among the individual dyes shown 
in table 8 A were reported for sulfur black and synthetic indigo. Pro- 
duction of sulfur black in 1947 increased to 32 million pounds, or 61 
percent above the level in 1946 and 178 percent above the level in 1945. 
Production of synthetic indigo increaseci to 25.8 million pounds, a 15- 
percent increase over 1946 and a 93-percent increase over 1945. Tem- 
porary shortages of some intermediates were reflected in lower pro- 
duction of many medium-priced dyestuffs; for a number, production 
declined several hundred thousand pounds below the level in 1946. 
On the other hand, the output of some of the medium- and high-priced 
colors, especially the darker shades, was 50 to 100 percent greater in 
1947 than in 1946. 



828108—49—3 



28 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Production and sales of dyes in 1947, by chemical classes, are shown 
in table 9. As in 1945 and 1946, four classes of dyes accounted for about 
85 percent of the total output of all dyes: Azo dyes, for 37 percent; sul- 
fur or sulfide dyes, for 20 percent; indigoid and thioindigoid dyes, for 
17 percent; and the anthraquinone vat dyes, for 12 percent. The larg- 
est increase in 1947 was in the output of sulfur dyes, which increased 
by 12.1 million pounds (or by 41 percent) over that in 1946 and by 24.5 
million pounds (or by 142 percent) over that in 1945. Shortages of 
some intermediates in 1947 resulted in much smaller percentage increases 
for the anthraquinone vat dyes (10 percent) and for the azo dyes (5 
percent) . 

Table 9. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of coal-tar 
dyes, by chemical class, 1947 



Chemical class 


Production 


Sales 




Quantity 


Value 


Unit value 


Total -- -- - 


1,000 
pounds 
212,307 


1,000 
pounds 
205,210 


1,000 
dollars 
148,154 


Per 
pound 
$0.72 








78,205 

41,820 

36,146 

25,490 

7,542 

6,687 

2,453 

1,762 

1,482 

943 

192 

174 

50 

9,361 


77,390 

39,485 

36,075 

23,388 

6,573 

6,320 

2,259 

1,707 

1,448 

844 

186 

187 

60 

9,288 


61,936 

12,088 

11,029 

29,459 

8,931 

9,162 

2,532 

1,743 

1,124 

2,154 

371 

269 

87 

7,269 


.80 




.31 




.31 




1.26 


Triphenylmethane and diphenylnaphthylmethane 


1.36 
1.45 




1.12 




1.02 


Stilbene . -. _ _ 


.78 




2.55 




1.99 




1.44 




1.45 


AUotherS 


.78 







1 Colour Index sulfur dyes only. 

2 Includes carbazole vat dyes. 

3 Includes naphthalamide, nitro, nitroso, peryUmide, and aniline black and allied dyes; also includes 
rubber colors and miscellaneous mixtiires, as well as sulfur dyes which are not included in the Colour 
Index group. Statistics for these groups cannot be published separately without disclosing confidential 
information. 



The average annual production of dyes by class of application for the 
period 1941-45, together with annual data for 1946 and 1947, is shown in 
table 10. Corresponding data for sales are shown in table 11. As in 
previous years, four classes of dyes accounted for about 80 percent of 
the total output of all dyes. Vat dyes, the largest single group, account- 
ed for 29 percent of the total quantity produced in 1947, direct dyes for 

20 percent, sulfur dyes for 20 percent, and acid dyes for 11 percent. 
The outstanding increase in 1947 was in the sulfur class; the output of 
these dyes increased 40 percent compared with 1946 and 104 percent 
compared with the annual average for the 5 years 1941-45. Sales of 
vat dyes in 1947 totaled 58.6 milhon pounds, valued at 38.6 million 
dollars ; these dyes accounted for 29 percent of the total quantity and 26 
percent of the total value of all dyes sold. Direct dyes accounted for 

21 percent of the total quantity sold and 21 percent of the total value of 
sales in 1947; sulfur dyes for about 19 percent of the quantity and 8 
percent of the value; and acid dyes for 11 percent of the quantity and 
13 percent of the value. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



29 



Production and sales of azoic dyes and their components declined 
slightly in 1947 (see table 12) compared with 1946, although production 
was still 58 percent greater than in 1945. Production in 1947 totaled 
8.1 million pounds, compared with 8.2 million pounds in 1946 and 5.1 
million pounds in 1945. The output of rapidogens declined from 1.9 
million pounds in 1946 to 1.3 million pounds in 1947. Total production 
of naphthols in 1947 was about 5 percent greater than in 1946 and 55 
percent greater than in 1945. Production of the principal naphthol — 
naphthol AS — declined from 1.1 million pounds in 1946 to 0.9 million 
in 1947. The outstanding increase was in naphthol AS-BS: production 
of this dye was 23 percent greater compared with 1946 and 208 percent 
greater compared with 1945. 



Table 10. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production of coal-tar dyes 
by class of application, average, 1941-45, annual, 1946 and 1947 



Class of application 


Average, 
1941-45 


1946 


1947 




Quantity (1,000 pounds) 


Total.. -- --- -- 


152,283 


186,307 


212,307 








3,332 

17,277 

4,484 

6,944 

32,085 

5,182 

9,633 

20,510 

50,837 


5,321 

23,208 

8,165 

8,936 

39,301 

5,211 

9,252 

29,926 

54,817 


6,208 




23,371 




8 085 




10,327 




43 , 480 




6,303 




9,565 


Sulfur . - - . - 


1 41,820 


Vat, total - .- 


2 60,797 








17,553 
33,284 

1,999 


22,349 
32,468 

2,170 


25 , 805 


All other . ... 


34,992 




2,351 








Percent of total quantity 


Total _.--- .----...- . 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 








2.2 

11.3 

2.9 

4.6 

21.1 

3.4 

6.3 

13.5 

33.4 


2.9 
12.4 
4.4 
4.8 
21.1 
2.8 
5.0 
16.1 

29.4 


2.9 




11.0 




3.8 




4.9 




20.5 




3.0 




4.5 


Sulfur .. - 


1 19.7 


Vat, total - --.- .._- - .. . ... 


2 28.6 








11.5 
21.9 

1.3 


12.0 

17.4 

1.1 


12.1 


All other . ..... . ... 


16.5 


All nthpr onnl-tnr Hyps 


1.1 







1 Colour Index sulfur dyes only. 

2 Does not include leuco ester vat dyes. 



These are included with the direct dyes. 



30 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 11. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States sales of coal-tar dyes, by class 
of application, average, 1941-4^, annual, 1946 and 1947 



Class of application 



Average, 
1941-45 


1946 


1947 


Quantity (1,000 pounds) 


151,089 


184,855 


205,210 


3,266 

17,601 

4,376 

6,669 

33,160 

5,030 

9,481 

20,451 

49,083 


5,198 

22,596 

7,087 

8,449 

41,073 

4,982 

9,529 

30.570 

63,264 


5.634 

22,691 

7,936 

9.460 

43,652 

5,887 

9,558 

139,485 

2 58,645 


16,883 
32,200 

1,972 


22,534 
30,730 

2,107 


25,917 
32.728 

2.262 


Percent of total quantity 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


2.2 

11.6 

2.9 

4.4 

22.0 

3.3 

6.3 

13.5 

32.5 


2.8 

12.2 

3.9 

4.6 

22.2 

2.7 

5.2 

16.5 

28.8 


2.7 
11.1 
3.8 
4.6 
21.3 
2.9 
4.7 
119.2 

2 28.6 


11.2 
21.3 

1.3 


12.2 
16.6 

1.1 


12.6 
16.0 

1.1 


Value (1,000 doUars) 


106,468 


120,289 


148,154 


3,217 
14,603 
6,146 
6,673 
19,737 
3,779 
5,429 
5,306 

39,030 


5,371 

17,579 

10,129 

8,925 

24,613 

3,045 

5,005 

7,466 

33,816 


6,496 

19,940 

13,650 

10,607 

31,213 

4,029 

6.671 

1 12.088 

2 38,632 


2,695 
36,335 

2,548 


3,747 
30,069 

4,340 


5,197 
33.435 

4,828 


Per 


3ent of total v< 


ilue 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


3.0 

13.7 

5.8 

6.3 

18.5 


4.5 

14.6 

8.4 

7.4 

20.5 


4.4 
13.4 
9.2 
7.2 
21.1 



Total.. 

Acetate rayon 

Acid 

Azoic 

Basic 

Direct 

LaKe and spirit-soluble 
Mordant and cbrome.. 
Sulfur 

Vat, total. 

Indigo 

AU other 

All other coal-tar dyes- 



Total 

Acetate rayon 

Acid 

Azoic 

Basic 

Direct 

Lake and spirit-soluble 
Mordant and chrome.. 
Sulfur 

Vat, total 

Indigo *.. 

All other 

All other coal-tar dyes- 



Total 

Acetate rayon 

Acid 

Azoic 

Basic 

Direct 

Lake and spirit-soluble 
Mordant and chrome-. 
Sulfur 

Vat, total 

Indigo 

All other 

All other coal-tar dyes. 



Total.. 

Acetate rayon 

Acid 

Azoic 

Basic 

Direct 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



31 



Table 11. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States sales of coal-tar dyes, by class 
of application, average, 1941-45, annual, 1946 and 1947 — Continued 



Class of application 


Average, 
1941-45 


1946 


1947 




Percent of total value 




3.5 

5.1 
5.0 

36.7 


2.5 
4.2 
6.2 

28.1 




2.7 




4.5 


Sulfur ... 


18.2 


Vat, total 


2 26.1 








2.5 
34.2 

2.4 


3.1 
25.0 

3.6 




3.5 


All other - . 


22.6 


All other coal-tar dyes — 


3.2 



1 Colour Index sulfur dyes only. 

2 Does not include leuco ester vat dyes. These are included with the direct dyes. 



Table 12. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales 
dyes and their components, 1947 


of azoic 


Foreign 
Proto- 


Dye or component 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


type 
No. 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 






1,000 

pounds 

8,085 


1,000 

pounds 

7,936 


1,000 
dollars 
13,651 


Per 
pound 
$1.72 




Dyes and components for which separate statistics 
may not be shown ^ 

Dyes and components for which separate statistics 






194 
7,891 


178 
7,758 


380 
13,271 


2.13 
1.71 




DYES 






1,319 


1,336 


3,817 


2.86 




Blue D - 




164 


133 
90 
68 
114 
280 
140 
101 
393 

234 

401 

320 

734 

34 

113 

227 

134 

48 

92 

99 

1,043 

431 

2,662 


129 
104 
70 
122 
305 
125 
108 
373 

281 

399 

318 

553 

53 

103 

243 

129 

46 

80 

94 

1,104 

440 

2,579 


469 
260 
228 
306 
697 
298 
314 
1,245 

450 
769 
338 
448 
55 
84 
174 
345 
127 
112 
162 

865 

693 

4,832 


3.64 






2.50 






3.26 


169 


Red RS 


2.51 




Red3 - --- 


2.28 


170 


Scarlet RS . - - - -- 


2.38 


171 


Yellow G -- -- - 


2.91 




All other - 


3.34 


117^ 


COMPONENTS 
Fast color bases: 

Red B - 


1.60 


118'' 


Scarlet R 


1.93 


260 


Bordeaux OP 5 


1.06 


262 


Garnet GBC S - . 


.81 


264 


Orange GC ^ .. - -- 


1.04 


268 


Red GL 6 


.82 


269 


Red 3GL 5 


.72 


270 


Red KB 


2.67 


273 


Red TR 6 - --- 


2.76 




Red 6 -- --- - 


1.40 




All other - 


1.72 




Fast color salts: 

Red 6 - - - - 


.78 




All other . - - 


1.58 






1.87 




Naphthol AS 




302 


938 
125 
598 
225 
119 
330 
327 


1,018 
119 
583 
150 
69 
410 
230 


1,205 
401 

1,084 
290 
138 
969 
745 


1.18 


303 


Naphthol AS-BO 


3.37 


305 


Naphthol AS-BS .... - 


1.86 


306 


Naphthol AS-D 


1.93 


311 


Naphthol AS-OL 


2.01 


313 


Naphthol AS-SW . . 


2.36 




AU other 


3.24 


1 Total 


3 shown represent all azoic dyes and their components 


Totals 


shown in 


table 8A 


"epresent 



ungrouped dyes and their components only. 

2 Includes rapid fast and fur dyes. 

3 Includes scarlet. 

* Colour Index number. 

* Base and salt combined. 

6 Includes garnet and scarlet. 



32 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Lakes and Toners 

Lakes and toners are synthetic organic pigments used in a variety of 
industrial products, chiefly printing inks, paints and lacquers, and plas- 
tics. They are manufactured and sold both as full-strength colors 
(toners), and as extended colors (lakes and reduced toners); the latter 
have been extended by the addition of a sohd diluent. Statistics on the 
production and sales of these pigments are given in table 13A.^ In these 
statistics pigments are grouped as (1) lakes, (2) toners or full-strength 
colors, and (3) reduced or extended toners ; they are subgrouped accord- 
ing to color. Whenever possible, individual lakes and toners have been 
identified by the Colour Index number or Foreign Prototype number of 
the dye from which they may be made. 

Production of lakes and toners in 1947 reached an all-time record of 38 
million pounds, surpassing by 14 percent the former record output of 
1946 and continuing the upward trend that began in 1944. The quan- 
tity of these pigments sold likewise increased by 14 percent over the pre- 
ceding year; the value of sales increased even more, by 45 percent. This 
growth reflects the still increasing demand for the industrial products 
in which the pigments are used. 

2 See also table 13B, part III, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufacturers. 



Table 13A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 

lakes and toners, 19^7 

Listed below are all lakes and toners for which any reported data on production or sales may be pub- 
lished. (Leaders are used where the reported data are confidential and may not be published or 
where no data were reported.) Table 13B in part III lists alphabetically all lakes and toners for 
which data on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 





Production 


Sales 


Product 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 




1,000 
pounds 

37,898.3 


1,000 
pounds 

34,774.0 


1,000 
dollars 

38,239.9 


Per 
pound 

$1.10 






LAKES OR LAKE COLORS 
TotaL _- 


9,796.1 


8,369.9 


5,696.5 


.68 






Products for which separate statistics may not be shown— 
Products for which separate statistics are shown below — 


1,944.0 
7,852.1 


1,749.0 
6,620.9 


745.7 
4.950.8 


.40 
.76 






85.3 


63.1 


.74 








Nigrosine (C. I. 864) - - - 


21.9 








All other -- -- 


85.3 
2,622.5 


63.1 
2,250.3 


.74 




3,789.1 


.86 






Methylene blue (C. I. 922) ... . - _.- 


26.3 

3,269.7 

30.5 

75.9 

386.7 

28.4 


26.2 
2,188.0 


25.0 
1,737.6 


.95 


Peacock blue, fugitive (Patent blue) (C. I. 671) 

Turquoise blue (C I 661) 


.79 


Victoria blue B (C. I. 729) . 


58.9 
349.4 

29.8 


89.0 
398.7 

23.4 


1.51 


All other. . . - 


1.14 




.79 








5.5 
22.9 


7.2 
22.6 


8.3 
15.1 


1.15 


Another - --- 


.67 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



33 



Table 13A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
lakes and toners, 1947 — Continued 



Product 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



LAKES OR LAKE COLORS— Continued 



Green lakes, total - 



Acid green B (C. I. 669) 

BrilUant green (C. I. 662). _. 
Malachite green (C. I. 657).. 
Pigment green B (Pr. 149) _ _ 

All other 

Maroon lakes: 

Alizarin maroon (C. I. 1041). 

Amaranth (C. I. 184) 

Azo Bordeaux (C. L 88) 

Helio fast rubine 



Orange lakes, total 

Persian orange (Acid orange Y) (Orange II) (C. I. 151). 

All other 

Red lakes: 

Alizarin red B (C. I. 1027) 

Eosine (Bromo acid lake) (C. I. 768) 

Lithosol red 2B 

Pigment scarlet 3 B (C. I. 216) 

Rhodamine B (C. I. 749) 

Rhodamine 6G (Rhodamine Y) (C. I. 752) 

Rose lake 

Scarlet 2R (C. I. 79) 

Violet lakes, total 



Acid violet (C. I. 698) i. 

Methyl violet B (C. I. 680) 

All other 



Yellow lakes, total - 



Fast light yellow (C. I. 636). 
Naphthol yellow S (C. I. 10). 
Quinoline yellow (C. I. 801). 

Tartrazine (C. I. 640) 

All other 



TONERS OR FULL-STRENGTH COLORS 
Total 



Products for which separate statistics may not be shown 
Products for which separate statistics are shown below 

Blue toners, total 

Alkah blue (C. I. 704) 

Setoglaucine (Peacock blue G) (C. I. 658), PMA, PTA, 

and PTMA 

Peacock blue R (C. I. 664), PTA and PTMA 

Phthalocyanine blue B 

PMA Victoria blue B (C. I. 729) 

PTA Victoria blue B (C. I. 729) 

PTMA Victoria blue B (C. I. 729) 

Victoria blue R (C. I. 728), PMA, PTA, and PTMA.. 
Victoria pure blue B (Pr. 198), PMA, PTA, and PTMA 
All other 

Green toners , total 

PMA Brilliant green (C. I. 662) 

PTA Brilliant green (C. I. 662) 

PTMA Brilliant green (C. I. 662) 

BriOiant green (C. I. 662) and thioflavine (C. I. 815), 
PMA and PTA 



1,000 
pounds 



509.9 



1,000 
pounds 



487.5 



1,000 
dollars 



237.6 



7.5 

18.6 

12.0 

401.6 

70.2 

57.4 

73.6 

370.0 

239.1 

469.8 



7.4 

13.7 

11.8 

381.6 

73.0 

56.4 

69.8 

392.2 

233.4 

454.9 



5.2 
17.6 

9.7 

145.3 

59.8 

63.9 

13.9 

149.0 

372.0 

214.3 



397.9 
71.9 

279.1 

39.2 

124.7 

224.3 

12.2 

22.0 

7.9 

1,205.6 

119.7 



6.8 

107.9 

5.0 

258.2 



28.0 

9.3 

19.7 

193.9 

7.3 



20,341.1 



105.9 
20,235.2 



2,450.9 



1 , 295 . 5 

22.6 
10.2 

495.9 
22.5 

121.9 
15.5 
26.9 
42.3 

397.6 



8.7 

3.9 

34.1 

32.6 



385.7 
69.2 

252.7 

46.5 

123.5 

188.5 

12.5 

21.7 



1,088.6 
118.3 



106.3 
12.0 



236.8 



20.0 

11.1 

16.8 

182.3 

6.6 



18,978.1 



102.0 
18,876.1 



1,994.1 



929.6 

23.0 
9.6 

466.7 
13.9 

114.6 
15.4 
26.4 
38.4 

356.5 

802.9 



8.2 



32.8 
28.4 



186.3 
28.0 

462.6 
43.1 
87.9 

190.5 
14.0 
12.0 



459.6 



78.3 
8.5 



206.8 



19.0 
10.4 
17.5 
152.6 
7.3 



26,872.4 



144.7 
26,727.7 



4,948.0 



1,447.4 

100.7 

52.6 

1,586.0 

52.5 

318.9 

56.7 

87.2 

136.0 

1,110.0 

1,918.7 



25.2 
"123^6' 

118.4 



34 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 13A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
lakes and toners, 1947 — Continued 



Product 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



TONERS OR FULL-STRENGTH COLORS— 
Continued 

Green toners — Continued 

PTMA Brilliant green (C. I. 662) and thioflavine (C. I. 

815) - - --- 

PMA Malachite green (C. I. 657). 

PTA Malacliite green (C. I. 657).. 

PTMA Malachite green (C. I. 657) -- 

Malachite green (C. I. 657) and thioflavine (C. L 815) . 

PTA and PTMA 

Phthalocyanine green 

Pigment green B toner (Pr. 149) 

All other 

Maroon toners, total 

/3-Hydroxynaphthoic maroon (B. O. N. maroon) (Lithol 

maroon) 

C. I. 82, a-Naphthylamine maroon 

Toluidine maroon 

All other 

Orange toners, total 

2, 4-Dinitroanihne orange 

o-NitroanUine orange 

All other 

Red toners, total 

o-ChloronitroaniUne red (Chlorinated para red) 

Eosine (Bromo acid toner) (C. I. 768) 

Lithol red R toners (C. L 189), total 

Barium toner 

Calcium toner 

Sodium toner 

Lithol rubine B (C. I. 163) ---. 

Lithosol red 2B ■ 

Naphthol AS (Pr. 302) - 

C. I. 44, Para red, light 

Para red, dark 

Permanent red 2B 

Red lake C (C. I. 165) 

Red lake D (C. L 214) - 

Rhodamine B (C. I. 749). PMA and PTA... 

PTMA Rhodamine B (C. I. 749) 

Rhodamine 6G (C. I. 752), PMA and PTA 

PTMA Rhodamine 6G (C. I. 752) 

C. I. 69, Toluidine red --. 

All other 

PMA Methyl violet B (C. I. 680). 

PTA Methyl violet B (C. I. 680) 

PTMA Methyl violet B (C. I. 680)— 

Methyl violet B toners (C. 1. 680), other 

Yellow toners, total 

Benzidine yellow 

Pr. 103, Hansa yellow G 

Pr. 105, Hansa yeUow lOG. 

All other 

REDUCED OR EXTENDED TONERS 
Total.. 

Products for which separate statistics may not be shown. 
Products for which separate statistics are shown below... 



1,000 
•pounds 



55.0 

5.5 

13.2 

13.7 

3.4 

208.2 

477.9 

33.7 

929.1 



160.1 

2.7 

349.0 

417.3 

358.3 



195.2 
66.8 
96.3 

13,242.0 



786.9 

842.9 

4,954.5 

2.861.5 

1,444.3 

648.7 

428.3 

44.2 

39.0 

999.8 

635.1 

201.6 

736.6 

21.0 

20.4 

34.6 

16.7 

31.0 

2,732.4 

717.0 

148.8 

21.5 

112.5 

263.6 

1,818.6 



854.9 
559.7 
121.2 
282.8 



7,761.1 



1,000 
■pounds 



53.4 
3.9 
13.5 
11.2 

2.3 

175.1 

441.3 

32.8 

918.3 



1,000 
dollars 



217.0 
10.7 
40.2 
33.5 

8.0 

754.3 

509.4 

79.0 

2.862.5 



143.3 

3.4 

358.4 

413.2 

334.6 



213.5 

3.6 

1,137.9 

1,507.5 

427.1 



194.7 
62.2 
77.7 

12.583.6 



216.5 

58.2 

152.4 

13,047.8 



783.6 

704.7 

4,739.8 

2,694.9 

1,405.0 

639.9 

397.8 

36.0 

36.4 

956.7 

577.5 

188.3 

650.1 

13.5 

15.3 

31.0 

16.7 

29.4 

2,698.4 

708.4 

135.8 

21.5 

109.0 

255.6 

1,720.7 



724.0 

988.4 

3,388.5 

1,940.7 

983.5 

464.3 

542.1 

67.1 

95.9 

777.8 

469.5 

340.1 

676.7 

16.4 

62.8 

138.7 

74.0 

132.9 

3,416.3 

1,136.6 

180.0 

49.2 

267.6 

229.6 

2,797.2 



802.1 
550.4 
121.1 
247.1 



7,426.0 



1,287.6 
884.9 
210.2 
414.5 



5.671.0 



2.516.8 
5,244.3 



2,431.5 
4,994.5 



1,953.9 
3,717.1 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



35 



Table 13 A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
lakes and toners, 1947 — Continued 



Product 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



REDUCED OR EXTENDED TONERS— Continued 
Blue toners, reduced, total 



1,000 
pounds 



2,762.1 



1,000 
pounds 



2,613.0 



1,000 
dollars 



2,389.1 



Per 
pound 



$0.91 



Setoglaucine (Peacock blue G) (C. I. 658). 

Peacock blue R (C. I. 664), PMA, PTA, and PTMA.. 
Victoria blue B (C. I. 729), PMA, PTA, and PTMA.. 
All other 



Green toners, reduced: 

Brilliant green (C. I. 662), PTA, and PTMA 

Brilliant green (C. I. 662), and thioflavine (C. I. 815), 
PMA, PTA, and PTMA 

Malachite green (C. I. 657), PMA, PTA, and PTMA.. 

Malachite green (C. I. 657) and thioflavine (C. I. 815).. 
Orange toners, reduced 

Red toners, reduced, total 



45.5 

15.4 

195.3 

2,505.9 



132.7 

71.7 

3.9 

10.4 

24.9 

1,501.9 



53.4 

15.7 

150.3 

2,393.6 



135.2 

67.0 
2.8 
7.8 

23.7 

1,409.1 



62.3 

29.1 

114.8 

2,182.9 



74.5 

44.7 
4.4 
11.1 
13.3 

646.0 



1.17 

1.85 

.76 

.91 



.55 

.67 
1.57 
1.42 

.56 

.45 



Lithol red R toners (C. I. 189), total 

Barium toner 

Calcium toner 

AU other 

Lithol rubine B (C.I. 163) 

C. I. 44, Para red, light 

Rhodamine B (CVl77W, PMA' PTA,'and'PTMAl"I 

PTMA Rhodamine 6G (C. I. 752) 

C. I. 69, Toluidine red 

All other 

Violet toners, reduced: Methyl violet B toners (C.I. 680). 

Yellow toners, reduced, total 



132.8 

117.8 

2.6 

12.4 
430.6 

73.8 
139.1 

35.6 

64.9 
151.6 
473.5 
580.0 

156.7 



118.7 

104.0 

3.1 

11.6 
367.5 

86.6 
157.9 

33.4 



45.5 

38.4 

1.1 

6.0 

122.7 

12.6 

24.8 

33.9 



.38 
.37 
.35 
.52 
.33 
.15 
.16 
1.01 



159.3 
485.7 
664.8 

171.1 



55.7 
350.8 
421.3 

112.7 



.35 

.72 
.75 

.66 



Pr. 103, Hansa yellow G. 

Benzidine yellow 

All other 



121.0 
15.8 
19.9 



145.6 
15.3 
10.2 



87.4 
13.7 
11.6 



.60 

.90 

1.14 



Note. — The C. I. and Pr. numbers stand for Colour Index and Foreign Prototype numbers of the 
dyes from which the lakes or toners may be produced. When the number precedes the name of the 
toner, it signifies that the toner is the same as the dye described in the Colour Index or Foreign Pro- 
totype listing. 

The abbreviations PM.4, PTA, and PTMA stand for phosphomolybdic, phosphotungstic, and phos- 
photungstomolybdic acids, respectively. 

Considerably larger percentage increases in the production and sales 
of full-strength colors (toners) were reported in 1947 than for extended 
colors (lakes and reduced toners). Production of full-strength colors in 
1947 was 20 million pounds, or 22 percent more than in 1946; production 
of the extended colors in 1947 was 18 million pounds, or only 6 percent 
more than in 1946. Sales of full-strength colors in 1947 amounted to 
19 milHon pounds, valued at 27 milhon dollars, compared with 16 mil- 
lion pounds, valued at 18 milHon dollars, in 1946. Sales of extended 
colors in 1947 totaled 16 million pounds, valued at 11 million dollars, 
compared with 15 milHon pounds, valued at 9 milHon dollars, in 1946. 
Full-strength colors accounted for 54 percent of the total production of 
all organic pigments in 1947 and for the same proportion of both quan- 
tity and value of sales. 

Nearly two-thirds of the fuH-strength pigments produced were red 
toners. Lithol red R (C. I. 189), toluidine red (C. I. 69), alkaH blue 
(C.I. 704), andHght para red (C. 1. 44) were the individual pigments pro- 
duced in the largest quantities. Of the extended pigments for which 
separate statistics may be published, blues — particularly peacock blue 
(patent blue, C. I. 671) — constituted the most important color group. 



36 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Medicinals 

Medicinal chemicals are divided into two major groups — cyclic and 
acyclic — according to their chemical composition. Cyclic medicinals, in 
turn, are subdivided into benzenoid compounds (usually those derived 
from coal tar) and alicyclic and heterocyclic compounds (usually de- 
rived from wood, animal tissue, vegetable products, and, sometimes, 
coal tar). Acychc medicinals are usually derived from natural gas, pe- 
troleum, or grain (by fermentation). Each of these groups has distinc- 
tive types of chemical and therapeutic reactions. Alkaloids and other 
medicinal chemicals obtained from plant materials by simple extraction 
are not covered in this report. 

Production of all medicinal chemicals in 1947 amounted to 50 million 
pounds; sales totaled 42 milhon pounds, valued at 233 million dollars. 
Compared with 1946, these figures represented an increase of 22 percent 
in output, 3 percent in quantity of sales, and 7 percent in value of sales. 
Statistics on medicinals are shown in table MA.'* In the statistics, data 
are reported in terms of bulk medicinals, that is, in terms of 100-percent 
content of the medicinal itself, exclusive of all diluents or other ma- 
terial used in mixing or compounding tablets, solutions, suspensions, or 
other forms for consumer use. Statistics on sales include interplant and 
intraplant transfers for consumption, as well as direct sales. Intraplant 
transfers are transfers within a company — from the department manu- 
facturing medicinal chemicals to the department converting the prod- 
uct for consumer use. 

* See also table 14B, part III, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufacturers. 



Table 14A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 

medicinals, 1947 

[In terms of bulk medicinals. ' Listed below are all synthetic organic medicinals for which any reported 
data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are con- 
fidential and may not be published or where no data were reported.) Table 14B in part III lists 
alphabetically all those medicinals for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies 
the manufacturer of each) 





Production 


Sales 2 


Chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 




1,000 
pounds 

49,655.6 


1,000 
pounds 

41,587.4 


1,000 
dollars 

233,246.1 


Per 
pound 

$5.61 






MEDICINALS, CYCLIC 
Total- - - - 


42,841.1 


36,439.2 


218,265.4 


5.99 






Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown. 
Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below.. 

Benzenoid 

Total .- - - ... 


9,652.9 
33,188.2 

34.118.2 


8,292.9 
28,146.3 

28,506.2 


28,318.3 
189,947.1 

41,304.4 


3.41 
6.75 

1.45 








351.5 

2,283.2 

12,220.1 

3.6 

6.0 


343.2 

2,347.2 

11,118.9 

3.8 

5.3 


128.2 

2,079.1 

4,639.3 

13.5 

29.7 


.37 




.89 




.42 




3.55 




5.60 


See footnotes at end of table. 





SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



37 



Table 14A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
medicinals, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 
Benzenoid — Continued 
p-Aminobenzoic acid derivatives, total 



Procaine hydrochloride 

Ethyl p-aminobenzoate (Benzocaine) (Anaesthesine) . 
All other 



Benzyl alcohol, medicinal grade 

Bismuth subgallate 

Bismuth subsalicylate 

Bismuth tetrabromopyrocatechol 

p-Carbamidobenzenearsonic acid (Carbasone). 

Desoxyephedrine hydrochloride 

Diphenylheptanone (Methadon) 

Dyes, medicinal 

Hexylresorcinol 

MandeUc acid salts 

/3-Naphthyl benzoate 

Neoarsphenamine 

Phenolsulfonic acid salts 

SalicyUc acid 



Salicylic acid salts, total - 



Calcium salicylate. 
Sodium salicylate-. 
All other 



Sulfa drugs, total - 



SuU a-acetamide (N-Acetylsulfanilamide) . 

Sulf athiazole 

AU other 



Vitamins K (all forms) 

All other benzenoid medicinals- 



Alicyclic and Heterocyclic 



Total- 



Amino acids 

Antipyrine sahcylate. 



Barbituric acid derivatives, total- 



5, 5-Diallylbarbituric acid 

5-Ethyl-5-(l-methyl-n-butyl)barbituric acid, sodium 
salt 

5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid (Phenobarbital) 
(Luminal) 

5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid, sodium salt (Pheno- 
barbital sodium) 

All other 



Bile acids and salts, total - 



Dehydrocholic acid. 
Desoxycholic acid.. 
AU other 



Bromocamphor (mono) 

Caffeine derivatives, natural and synthetic 

Camphosulf onic acid 

Camphosulf onic acid salts 

5, 7-Di-iodo-8-hydroxyquinoline 

Hexamethylenetetramineanhydromethylene citrate (Hel- 
mitol) 



Production 



1,000 
pounds 



142.5 



42.5 
81.8 
18.2 



75.4 

75.4 

.3 

5.3 

1.9 

.9 

53.7 

9.3 

11.2 

40.9 

19.6 

828.7 

6,274.1 

1,251.9 



4.1 

1,233.2 

14.6 

6,142.1 



2,697.7 
3,444.4 



1.1 
4,319.5 



8,722.9 



4.2 
3.2 



900.1 



54.5 
437.0 



56.6 
352.0 



231.5 



31.3 

6.3 

193.9 

20.0 



3.6 
12.0 
41.6 

8.9 



Sales 2 



Quantity 



1,000 
pounds 



125.9 



39.4 
71.3 
15.2 

153.4 

73.8 

58.5 

.4 

10.3 

2.1 



29.1 



9.5 

41.6 

15.9 

618.9 

4,298.8 

1,264.6 



5.6 

1,239.4 

19.6 

4,480.7 



28.4 
1 , 853 . 8 
2,598.5 

1.2 
3 , 503 . 1 



7,933.0 



1.4 
3.7 



768.6 



4.1 

54.3 

386.2 

54.0 
270.0 

241.8 



26.6 

6.1 

209.1 

19.4 
51.2 
.9 
10.8 
36.2 

5.3 



Value 



1,000 
dollars 



218.9 
235.1 
340.6 

94.8 
198.5 
174.1 
4.6 
86.0 
38.3 



433.5 



51.1 
64.8 

1,053.5 
177.5 

1,239.4 

631.1 



6.1 

602.0 

23.0 

18,546.5 



70.0 

5,511.6 

12,964.9 

87.4 
10,738.9 



176,961.0 



240.6 
10.8 



3,843.5 



25.3 

542.4 

1,384.5 

215.3 
1,676.0 

1,435.9 



553.1 

83.4 

799.4 

54.5 

138.7 

2.7 

30.6 
194.6 

12.6 



See footnotes at end of table. 



38 



UNITED STATES TARIFI COMMISSION 



Table 14A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
medicinals, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Production 



Sales 2 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 
Alicyclic and Heterocyclic — Continued 
8-Hydroxyquinoline base and derivatives, total-. 



1,000 
pounds 



33.4 



1,000 
pounds 



19.4 



1,000 
dollars 



107.8 



Per 
pound 



$5.56 



8-Hydroxyquinoline sulfate 

8"Hydroxyquinoline-5-8ulfonic acid- 
AU other 



7-Iodo-8-hydroxyquinoline-5-sulfonic acid (Yatren acid) 

and salt 

Nikethamide (Niacin diethylamide) 

PenicilUn (in terms of biUion Oxford units) 

Piperazine derivatives 

Streptomycin 

Theobromine derivatives 



Theophylline (1, 3-Dimethylxan thine) , base and deriva- 
tives, total 



11.2 

7.2 

15.0 



20.4 

57.6 

342,027.8 

.9 

22.6 

139.7 



358.3 



6.8 
4.2 

8.4 



15.5 

49.1 

337,065.7 

.9 

20.3 

132.4 



348.4 



36.3 
22.4 
49.1 



114.8 
297.9 

87,102.0 
13.5 

24,848.8 
565.8 



3,075.0 



5.34 
5.33 
5.85 



7.41 
6.07 



15.00 

1,224.08 

4.27 



8.83 



Theophylline base 

Theophylline ethylenediamine. 
All other 



Vitamins, total. 



169.7 

174.8 

13.8 

1,531.5 



157.9 

173.5 

17.0 

1,417.9 



1,162.9 

1,748.9 

163.2 

37,291.5 



7.36 

10.08 

9.60 

26.30 



Bi (Thiamin chloride and hydrochloride) 

Be (Pyridoxine) 

Da (Irradiated ergosterol) (Viosterol) (in terms of bil- 
lion U. S. P. units) - 

Niacin and niacinamide (Nicotinic acid and amide) — 
All other 



All other alicyclic and heterocycUc medicinals 

MEDICINALS, ACYCLIC 

Total— --- 

Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown. 
Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below.. 

Acetylcholine chloride 

Amino acids, total 



166.3 
12.9 

4 17,025.9 

1,070.0 

282.3 

5,333.4 



6,814.5 



168.0 
9.4 

U6,537.2 

1,004.5 

236.0 

4,789.8 



5,148.2 



11,692.4 
2,858.6 

686.2 

2,912.8 

19,141.5 

17,579.4 



14,980.7 



69.60 
304.10 



2.90 
81.11 

3.67 



2.91 



5,531.0 
1,283.5 



3,885.6 
1,262.6 



3,925.6 
11,055.1 



1.01 
8.76 



1.6 
440.8 



1.6 
384.2 



24.5 
967.3 



15.31 
2.52 



l(4-)Glutamic acid. 
All other 



CacodyUc acid salts: 

Iron cacodylate 

Sodium cacodylate 

Calcium lactophosphate 

Calcium levulinate 

Choline chloride 

Iodoform 

Methyl iodide 

Silver preparations, organic colloidal 

tert-Trichlorobutyl alcohol (Chloretone) (Chlorobutanol) . 

Vitamins, total 



112.5 
328.3 



.4 

8.3 

14.6 

33.7 



110.5 
273.7 



.5 

8.4 



214.6 
752.7 



70.5 



1.94 
2.75 



17.80 
8.39 



17.0 
4.3 



17.3 

745.5 



31.4 
41.4 
11.0 
3.0 
8.1 
24.1 

748.9 



39.9 
103.4 
48.5 
U.O 
37.5 
45.2 

9,698.4 



1.27 
2.50 
4.41 
3.67 
4.63 
1.88 

12.95 



Ascorbic acid and salts . 
All other 



656.6 
88.9 



656.2 
92.7 



7,162.6 
2,535.8 



1.09 
2.73 



1 Represents statistics on production and sales for bulk medicinals only. These statistics do not 
include the production of finished preparations, such as tablets, capsules, ampoules, etc., which are 
manufactured from bulk medicinals. The quantity and value of sales are for bulk medicinals or the 
bulk equivalent of medicinals which are compounded into finished preparations. 

2 Sales represent che ooiubiced quantity of sales to other companies and the quantity of interplant 
transfers for consumption, i. e., the transfer within a company from the division or esta.blishment which 
manufactures the bulk medicinal to another division or establishment which makes it into a finished 
consumer product. The value of sales represents the combined sales value and value (usually at the 
prevailing market price) of interplant transfers for consumption. 

3 Data for penicillin in terms of pounds are included in data for "AU other aUcyclic and heterocyclic 
medicinals." In 1947, production of penicillin averaged 603.8 million Oxford units per pound. 

<Data for vitamin D2 in terms of pounds are included in data for "AU other alicychc and heterocycUc 
vitamins." 



SYIWHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 39 

In 1947 production of all cyclic medicinal chemicals was 43 million 
pounds; sales were 36 million pounds, valued at 218 million dollars. 
Benzenoid compounds accounted for about 79 percent of the quantity 
produced and sold, but for only 19 percent of the total value of sales. 
Sulfa drugs were the most important medicinals produced in the 
benzenoid group; production totaled 6.1 million pounds and sales, 4.5 
million pounds, valued at 18.5 million dollars. In terms of quantity, 
acetylsalicyclic acid (aspirin) was the most important; production of 
aspirin totaled 12.2 million pounds and sales, 11.1 million pounds, valued 
at 4.6 million dollars. 

Production of alicyclic and heterocyclic medicinals in 1947 amounted 
to 8.7 million pounds; sales totaled 7.9 million pounds, valued at 177 
million dollars. The large value of sales relative to the quantity sold 
is due to the inclusion in this group of the antibiotics — streptomycin 
and penicillin — for which the unit value of sales exceeds $1,000 per 
pound. Production of streptomycin was 22,600 pounds, compared with 
2,600 pounds in 1946; sales in 1947 were 20,300 pounds, valued at 24.8 
million dollars, compared with 2,100 pounds, valued at 6 milhon dollars, 
in 1946. 

In response to the large demand for export, production of penicillin 
expanded greatly in 1947 compared with 1946. Production in 1947 was 
42 trillion Oxford units (604 million Oxford units per pound) ; sales were 
37 trillion units, valued at 87 milhon dollars. In 1946 production was 27 
trillion units; sales were 20 trillion, valued at 89 million dollars. 

Alicyclic and heterocyclic vitamins, principally thiamin chloride, py- 
ridoxin, irradiated ergosterol, nicotinic acid and amide, and folic acid, 
in terms of value, were also important, sales of these medicinals in 1947 
amounting to 37.3 million dollars. Production of barbituric acid deriva- 
tives in 1947 totaled 900,000 pounds, compared with 806,000 pounds in 
1946. 

The output of acychc medicinals in 1947 was 6.8 million pounds, an 
increase of 48 percent over that in 1946. Sales increased 2 percent in 
quantity, but declined 13 percent in value. Production of ascorbic acid 
(vitamin C), the most important item in this group, was 657,000 pounds 
in 1947, compared with 727,000 pounds in 1946. Sales amounted to 
656,000 pounds, valued at 7.1 million dollars, compared with 885,000 
pounds, valued at 9.6 million dollars, in 1946. 

In 1947 combined production of all synthetic vitamins — cyclic and 
acyclic — was 2.3 million pounds, compared with 2.5 million pounds in 
1946; sales in 1947 amounted to 2.2 million pounds, valued at 47 million 
dollars, compared with 2.6 million pounds, valued at 54 million dollars, 
in 1946. 

Flavor and Perfume Materials 

The group comprising flavor and perfume materials includes chem- 
icals (derived from natural sources and from coal tar) which are used 
principally for their odor or flavor. Natural products such as floral ex- 
tracts, essential oils, and other perfume materials obtained by simple 
extraction or distillation of natural vegetable and animal materials are 
not included in this report. Chemicals such as benzaldehyde and ethyl 
acetate, which possess attractive odors but are used chiefly for other 
purposes, are considered elsewhere in this report. 



40 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Although flavor and perfume materials are finished products, they 
usually reach the ultimate consumer as blended and diluted products 
rather than as pure chemicals. Using secret and complicated formulas, 
the producers mix and blend the perfume materials with essential and 
floral oils, fixatives, other odoriferous materials, and solvents. These 



Table 15A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
flavor and perfume materials, 1947 

[Listed below are all synthetic organic flavor and perfume materials for which any reported data on 
production or sales may be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are confidential 
and may not be published, or where no data were reported.) Table 15B in part III lists alphabetically 
all those flavor and perfume materials for which data on production or sales were reported and identi- 
fies the manufacturer of each] 



Material 



Production 



Sales 2 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



Grand total. 



1,000 
pounds 



20,879.2 



1,000 
pounds 



17,895.9 



1.000 
dollars 



26,062.2 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC 
Total ..- 



Materials for which separate statistics may not be shown. 
Materials for which separate statistics are shown below.. 



Benzenoid and N aphthalenoid 



Total. 



a-Amylcinnamaldehyde 

Amyl salicylate 

Anethole 

Anisaldehyde 

Benzophenone 

Benzyl acetate 

Benzyl alcohol 

Benzyl benzoate ^ 

Benzyl butyrate 

Benzyl formate 

Benzyl cinnamate 

Benzyl isoeugenyl ether (Benzyl isoeugenol) 

Benzyl propionate 

Benzyl salicylate 

Cinnamaldehyde 

Cinnamic acid 

Cinnamyl acetate 

Cinnamyl alcohol 

p-Cresyl acetate 

p-Cresyl methyl ether 

Ethyl cinnamate 

Ethyl salicylate 

Ethyl a-toluate (Ethyl phenylacetate) 

Eugenol 

Isoeugenol 

p-Methylacetophenone (Methyl p-tolyl ketone) . 

Methyl benzoate 

Methyl cinnamate 

Methyl eugenyl ether (Methyl eugenol) 

Methyl isoeugenyl ether 

Methyl /3-naphthyl ketone 

Methyl salicylate (Wintergreen oil) 

Methyl a-toluate (Methyl phenylacetate) 

Musk ambrette 

Musk xylene 

Phenethyl acetate 

Phenethyl alcohol (Phenylethyl alcohol) 

Phenethyl isobutyrate 

Phenethyl propionate 

Phenethyl a-toluate (Phenethyl phenylacetate) . 



14,605.2 



12,168.4 



17,764.4 



5,470.8 
9,134.4 



8,578.1 



4,429.7 
7,738.7 



7,685.1 



6,113.5 
11,650.9 



10,300.6 



125.3 

89.5 

363.3 

87.3 

99.0 

330.6 

144.3 

244.0 

6.0 

.1 

3.5 

.6 

5.0 

20.4 

171.6 

13.0 



111.0 
91.9 

401.5 
86.1 



278.5 

66.5 

235.7 

193.0 



35.7 
1.8 
1.9 



324.7 

148.0 

271.4 

3.8 

.7 

2.8 

.4 

5.3 

23.5 

185.5 

11.8 

.3 

33.4 

1.4 

1.2 

.5 

.3 



181.2 

80.2 

237.6 

6.0 

1.3 

10.6 

3.4 

8.3 

38.7 

138.2 

18.7 

1.4 

89.1 

2.7 

2.6 

1.2 

.4 



579.0 
62.9 
15.8 
4.1 
21.8 
25.3 



51.8 
21.3 
10.0 



113.0 
64.6 
11.6 



1.2 

11.8 

2,831.8 



24.9 
1.1 
1.0 



31.4 
5.1 
5.0 



17.8 

286.0 

5.2 

401.8 

.4 

.3 

1.0 



2,700.0 

71.5 

26.5 

222.4 

6.1 

389.4 

.4 

.2 

.6 



907.5 

79.4 

182.3 

332.8 

11.1 

685.3 

1.8 

.9 

3.5 



Per 
pound 



$1.46 



1.46 



1.38 
1.51 



1.34 



2.53 
.72 
.59 

2.24 



.56 
.54 
.88 
1.58 
1.78 
3.79 
8.80 
1.57 
1.65 
.75 
1.58 
5.42 
2.67 
1.93 
2.20 
2.54 
1.33 



2.18 
3.03 
1.16 



1.26 
4.63 
4.22 



.34 
1.11 
6.88 
1.50 
1.82 
1.76 
5.12 
3.53 
4.68 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



41 



Table 15A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
flavor and perfume materials, 1947 — Continued 



Material 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, 
CYCLIC— Continued 

Benzenoid and Naphthalenoid — Continued 

3-Phenyl-l-propyl alcohol (Hydrocinnamic alcohol)-. 

a-Toluic acid (Phenylacetic acid) 

Vanillin 

All other benzenoid and naphthalenoid compounds.. 

Terpenoid, Heterocyclic, and Alicyclic 
Total.-- _ 



Cedrol 

Cedryl acetate. 
Citral- 



Citronellal 

Citronellol 

Citronellyl acetate 

Coumarin, synthetic 

Geraniol 

Geranyl acetate 

Hydroxycitronellal 

Hydroxy citronellal dimethyl acetal- 
Indole- 



a-Ionone 

lonone, all other 

Isosafrol 

Linalool 

Linalyl acetate 

Linalyl butyrate 

Linalyl formate 

Menthol, synthetic, tech. and U. S. P. 

MethyUonone 

Piperonal (HeUotropin) 

Rhodinol 

Safrol- 



Santalol 

Terpinyl acetate 

Terpinyl propionate 

Vetivenyl acetate 

All other terpenoid, heterocycUc, and alicyclic materials. - 

FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, ACYCLIC 2 
Total 



Materials for which separate statistics may not be shown. 
Materials for which separate statistics are shown below 

Allyl caproate 

Ethyl butyrate 

Ethyl caproate 

Ethyl enanthate 

Ethyl pelargonate 

Ethyl sebacate 

Isoamyl butyrate 

Isoamyl caproate 

Isoamyl formate 

Isoamyl isovalerate 

Methylheptenone 

Methyl nonyl ketone 

7-Undecalactone 

Undecylenic alcohol 



1,000 
pounds 



200.5 

963.9 

1,404.6 



6,027.1 



3.8 

23.6 

32.9 

55.2 

161.2 



509.7 

102.6 

16.2 

53.2 

.4 

9.2 

11.1 

56.3 

29.3 

36.0 

199.4 

.2 

.7 

70.8 

56.7 

147.1 

4.3 

136.4 

.8 

234.0 

6.5 

3.3 

4,066!2 



6,274.0 



6,084.1 
189.9 



2.4 
131.3 



11.6 

.8 

1.0 

32.5 
.1 
.7 



5.0 



3.6 

.4 



1,000 
pounds 



6.1 

180.7 

891.4 

1,374.2 



4,483.3 



1,000 
dollars 



16.8 

190.5 

2,735.0 

3,327.7 



7,463.8 



2.3 

17.9 
32.8 



4.4 

46.4 

129.6 



39.5 

.4 

473.9 

80.6 

10.1 

43.3 

.4 

8.9 

9.2 

26.7 

31.2 

28.6 

47.0 

.3 

.8 

63.3 

47.4 

140.7 

4.2 

128.2 

.8 

180.6 

5.7 

3.0 

3,055.5 



5,727.5 



163.3 

3.2 

1,210.8 

292.1 

44.7 

357.8 

2.2 

128.4 

73.5 

160.4 

34.0 

154.4 

255.7 

2.5 

6.7 

338.2 

272.7 

395.6 

147.2 

127.6 

9.5 

142.4 

9.7 

165.0 

2,785.8 



8,297.8 



5,548.7 
178.8 



,112.8 
185.0 



122.4 

1.1 

8.6 

.7 



90.9 
2.4 
8.3 
2.8 



31.5 
.3 

1.2 
4.4 
4.9 

.3 
3.2 

.2 



25.9 
.9 

1.2 

7.2 
16.9 

1.8 
24.2 

2.5 



1 Includes data for benzyl benzoate for use as a mitocide and as a pharmaceutical. 

2 Includes data on production and sales of chemically modified essential oils. These data have been 
included in acyclic "Materials for which separate statistics may not be shown" in order to prevent the 
disclosure of the operations of individual companies. 



42 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

blends or mixtures are used to flavor foods, beverages, and medicines; 
to perfume toiletries, cosmetics, and soaps; and to modify the odors in 
products such as disinfectants, insecticides, rubber, and textiles. 

Individual flavor and perfume materials are grouped according to 
chemical structure as cyclic or acyclic. Cyclic materials are further 
subdivided into (1) benzenoid and naphthalenoid and (2) terpenoid and 
heterocyclic. Acyclic compounds include some chemically modified es- 
sential oils. Statistics on production and sales of flavor and perfume 
materials are shown in table 15A.^ 

The output of flavor and perfume materials increased in 1947 to 21 
million pounds, compared with 19 million pounds in 1946. Sales in 1947 
were about the same as in 1946 (18 million pounds). Principally because 
of increases in the average unit values of the benzenoid and naphthalen- 
oid and the acyclic compounds, however, the value of sales in 1947 in- 
creased to 26 milHon dollars from 25 milHon in 1946. 

Production of benzenoid and naphthalenoid compounds in 1947 totaled 
8.6 milHon pounds, an increase of 8 percent over the 7.8 milHon pounds 
reported in 1946. Sales in 1947 were 7.7 milHon pounds, valued at 10.3 
million dollars, compared with 7.5 million pounds, valued at 9.1 million 
dollars, in 1946. In this subgroup the most important materials were 
methyl salicylate (artificial wintergreen oil) and vanillin. Production 
of methyl salicylate in 1947 amounted to 2.8 million pounds and sales 
to $907,500; production of vanillin amounted to 963,900 pounds and 
sales to 2.7 million dollars. 

The output of terpenoid, heterocyclic, and alicylic materials in 
1947, which was 6 million pounds, represented an increase of 14 percent 
from the 5.3 million pounds reported for 1946. Sales in 1947 were 
4.5 million pounds, valued at 7.5 million dollars; comparable figures for 
1946 were 4.2 milHon pounds, valued at 8.8 milHon dollars. This decline 
in the average unit value of sales was due to the lower prices of imported 
raw materials sold by foreign countries in order to obtain dollar credits. 
Production of coumarin in 1947 increased to 510,000 pounds from 440,- 
000 pounds in 1946; sales of 474,000 pounds in 1947 were valued at 1.2 
million dollars. The statistics reported for the principal item in this 
group — saccharin — are confidential and cannot be published. 

Production of acyclic flavor and perfume materials was at about the 
same level in 1947 as in 1946 (6 million pounds). Although the quan- 
tity of sales declined 3 percent, compared with 1946, the value increased 
18 percent; this increase resulted from a general rise in prices rather 
than from increased output of higher priced materials. The most im- 
portant acyclic material is monosodium glutamate, for which publish- 
able data are not available. 



Plastics Materials 

Plastics materials are products which result from combinations of 
organic chemicals by condensation or polymerization, in conjunction 
with plasticizers and coloring agents. They are used in a wide variety 
of applications, as in molded, cast, or fabricated parts for electrical and 
household equipment and in fittings and accessories for motor vehicles. 

6 See also tabl el5B, part III, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufacturers. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 43 

Some plastics materials are extruded into filaments and bristles (nylon). 
Others are used for making radio cabinets and housing for other types 
of equipment. Besides use in solid articles, plastics materials are used 
for protective coatings and as adhesives in laminating layers of paper 
and cloth. 

Plastics materials are made in many formulations from a wide variety 
of raw materials. Each type of material has special properties which 
make it particularly suitable for a special application. Synthetic resins, 
when ready for use, contain plasticizers, solvents, fillers, and other 
materials which impart necessary properties for workability and ap- 
plication. In this report, however, statistics on production and sales 
are given in terms of net resin content; that is, the quantities shown do 
not include the weight of additives, such as plasticizers, fillers, extenders, 
and solvents. The quantities do include, however, the weight of oil, 
rosin, or rosin esters when chemically combined with the plastics ma- 
terial. Cellulose plastics are not included in these statistics. 

The tables given in this section of the report follow the same general 
pattern as those published in the Commission's final report for 1946. 
The statistics on plastics materials for 1947, like those for 1946, are 
presented in three different ways: First, according to chemical compo- 
sition (see table 16A);8 second, according to broad chemical classes, 
with detailed information as to use (see table 17); and third, totals 
according to use (see table 18). This method of presentation provides 
the maximum information without disclosing the operations of indi- 
vidual companies. 

In 1947 larger supplies of raw materials available for the manufac- 
ture of plastics materials and the development of new uses and ap- 
plications resulted in a continuation of the upward trend in output. 
Production of all plastics materials (except celluloses) in 1947 amounted 
to 1.3 billion pounds, an increase of 22 percent over 1946. The indi- 
vidual group of resins for which the largest output was reported in 1947, 
was the alkyd resins; production of these resins amounted to 283 milHon 
pounds, compared with 245 million in 1946. The second largest group — 
the tar-acid resins (excluding those modified with rosin ester) — totaled 
252 million pounds, compared with 191 million in the preceding year. 
Production of rosin esters in 1947 totaled 110 million pounds, of which 
70 million pounds was unmodified and 40 million pounds was modified 
(including those modified by phenolics). In 1946, production of rosin 
ester resins totaled 104 million pounds, of which 69 milhon pounds was 
unmodified and 35 million pounds was modified. 

Increased production was reported also in 1947 for the vinyl resins 
(177 milUon pounds, compared with 156 million in 1946) and the urea 
and melamine resins (112 million pounds, compared with 91 million). 
Important groups of resins for which statistics may not be published are 
the acrylic, polyamide (nylon), coumarone-indene, and petroleum 
polymer resins. Of the total output of resins in 1947, about 453 milfion 
pounds was for protective coatings; 313 million pounds for molding and 
casting; 98 million pounds for adhesives; 54 million pounds for treat- 
ment of textiles, paper, and leather; and the remaining 333 million 
pounds for laminating, ion exchange, and miscellaneous uses. 

8 See also table 16B, part III, which lists these materials alphabetically and identifies the 
manufacturers. 

828108—49—4 



44 



UNITED STATES TAKIFF COMMISSION 



Table 16A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of plastics 
materials, grouped according to chemical composition, 1947 

I Quantities and value are based on net resin content only.' Listed below are all synthetic plastics 
materials for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. Table 16B in part 
III lists alphabetically all those products for which data on production or sales were reported and 
identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Chemical 



Production 



Sales 2 



Quantity 



Value 



Grand total- 



1,000 
pounds 

1,251,699 



1,000 
pounds 



1,134,739 



1,000 
dollars 

431,314 



PLASTICS MATERIALS, BENZENOID 

Total 

Materials for which separate statistics may not be shown 3 
Materials for which separate statistics are shown below_ . 

Phthalic alkyd resins (oil and solid types), total 

Unmodified, total 

PhthaUc anhydride-fatty acid esters 

Phthalic anhydride-glycerol 

Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-pentaery thritol 

Phthalic anhydride-glycol-pentaery thritol 

Phthalic anhydride-pentaery thritol 

All other unmodified phthalic alkyd resins 

Modified, total 

Other than modified by rosin ester, total 

Phthalic anhydride-adipic acid-glycol 

Phthalic anhydride- maleic anhydride-glycerol — 
Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-pentaery- 

thritol 

Phthalic alkyd resins modified by phenol-formal- 
dehyde 

AU other modified phthalic alkyd resins, except 

those modified by rosin esters ^ '. 

Modified by rosin ester, total * 

Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-congo ester 

Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-rosin ester 

Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-rosin ester-phenol- 
formaldehyde 

Phthalic alkyd resins modified by rosin ester and 

phenol-formaldehyde, other 

Phthalic anhydride-glycerol- tall oil 

Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-glycerol- 
rosin ester 

PhthaUc anhydride-pentaery thritol-rosin ester. — 
All other rosin ester modified phthalic alkyd resins 

Tar-acid resins, total 

Phenolic resins, other than mixed phenohcs, total 

Unmodified, total 

p-tert-Butylphenol-f ormaldehyde 

Cresol-formaldehyde 

Phenol-formaldehyde 

Resorcinol-f ormaldehyde 

AU other unmodified phenoUc resins, except 

mixed phenolics 

Modified, total 

Other than modified by rosin or rosin ester, total . 

Phenol-formaldehyde-aniline 

AU other modified phenoUc resins, except those 

modified by rosin or rosin ester ^ 

Modified by rosin or rosin ester, total 

Bisphenol-f ormaldehyde-rosin esters 

Phenol-formaldehyde-rosin and rosin esters 

AU other rosin or rosin ester modified phenolic 
resins, except mixed phenolics 



737,714 



123,578 
614,136 



224,120 



170,601 

7,285 

134,324 

7,208 

5,097 

12,292 

4,395 

53,519 

24,374 

178 

13,136 

1,801 

735 

8,524 

29,145 

1,429 

8,865 

7,053 

1,634 
1,108 

1,110 
3,130 
4,816 

284,150 



216,883 

177,636 

4,852 

6,270 

149,398 

917 

16,199 

39,247 

3,430 

1,108 

2,322 
35,817 
11,428 
20,273 

4,116 



662 , 284 



120,912 
541,372 



10,326 
178,362 



171,419 



66,116 



127,313 

7,026 

98,390 

3,632 

9,411 

8,854 

44,106 

20,376 

151 

10,155 

1,696 

411 

7,963 

23,730 

1,381 

8,216 

C) 

7,308 
1,147 

764 
2,312 
2,602 

271,050 



48,579 
1,498 

39,359 
(*) 

1,363 
3,341 
3,018 

17,537 

8,411 

91 

4,127 

623 

152 

3,418 

9,126 

602 

3,182 

(') 

3,335 
344 

240 
565 
858 

85,597 



212,163 

173,856 

4,465 

6,268 

146,396 

(8) 

16,727 

38,307 

2,886 

931 

1,955 
35,421 
11,216 
20,319 

3,886 



66,972 

57 , 388 

1,622 

2,140 

47,399 

(8) 

6,227 
9,584 
1,128 

287 

841 
8,456 
2,538 
4,947 

971 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



45 



Table 16A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of plastic 
materials, grouped according to chemical composition, 1947— Continued 



Chemical 



Production 



Sales a 



Quantity 



Value 



PLASTICS MATERIALS, BENZENOID— Continued 

Tar acid resins — Continued 

Mixed phenolic resins, total 

Unmodified, total 

Cresylic acid-formaldehyde 

Phenols- and cresols-f ormaldehyde 

All other mixed phenolic resins, unmodified 

Modified 

Polystyrene resins n 

PLASTICS MATERIALS, NONBENZENOID 

Total - 

Materials for which separate statistics may not be shown 12 
Materials for which separate statistics are shown below. _ 

Alkyd resins, total (oil and solid types) 

Unmodified, total 

Azelaic acid polyesters 

Maleic anhydride-glycerol 

Maleic anhydride polyesters, other 

Sebacic acid polyesters 

All other unmodified nonbenzenoid alkyd resins i^. . 

Modified, total 

Other than modified by rosin ester i^ 

Modified by rosin ester, total ^ 

Fumaric acid polyesters, modified by rosin ester 

Maleic anhydride-glycerol-rosin ester 

Maleic anhydride-pen taerythritol-rosin ester 

Maleic anhydride polyesters, rosin ester modified, 

other 

All other rosin ester modified nonbenzenoid alkyd 
resins 

Rosin adducts 

Rosin esters, total 

Unmodified , total 

Rosin (abietic acid) -glycerol 

Tall oil esters 

A 11 other unmodified rosin esters 

Modified 15 

Urea and melamine resins, total 

Urea-formaldehyde type, total 

Urea-formaldehyde 

Urea-formaldehyde type, other i^ 

Melamine-formaldehyde type, total 

Melamine-f ormaldehyde 

Melamine-formaldehyde type, other i' 



See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 



67,267 

66,729 

3,851 

8,980 

53,898 

538 

105,866 



513,985 



81,650 
432,335 



58,944 



12,227 
198 
1,150 
2,877 
2,796 
5,206 

46,717 
1,176 

45,541 
1,400 

18,438 

21,787 

2,366 

1,550 

5,267 

78,280 



70,496 
39,432 

3,032 
28,032 

7,784 

112,401 



94,914 
83,367 
11,547 
17,487 
5,499 
11,988 



1,000 
pounds 



58,887 
58,598 

(10) 

8,451 

50,147 

289 

98,903 



472,455 



1,000 
dollars 



18,625 
18,510 

(10) 

2,151 

16,359 

115 

26,649 



242,626 



79,848 
392,607 



114,802 
127,824 



52,371 



14,652 



11,045 

172 

972 

1,846 

2,775 

5,280 

41,326 

887 

40,439 

1,371 

16,821 

18,475 

2,227 

1,545 

4,031 

70,005 



4,637 
92 

361 

661 

2,103 

1,420 

10,015 

274 
9,741 

390 
4,498 
3,867 

646 

340 

1,194 

13,754 



62,787 
38,307 

2,900 
21,580 

7,218 

105,252 



11,503 
7,364 
544 
3,595 
2,251 

35, 135 



88,272 
80,268 

8,004 
16,980 

5,260 
11,720 



26,134 
22,411 
3,723 
9,001 
2,729 
6,272 



46 



UNITED STATES TAEIFF COMMISSION 



Table 16A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of plastics 
materials, grouped according to chemical composition, 1947 — Continued 





Production 


Sales 2 


Chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


PLASTICS MATERIALS, NONBENZENOID— 

Continued 


1,000 
pounds 

177,443 


1,000 
pounds 

160,948 


1,000 
dollars 

63,089 


Per 
pound 

$0.39 








136,136 
41,307 


128,251 
32,697 


44,480 
18,609 


.35 




.57 







1 Net resin content excludes all fillers, unreacted modifiers (such as ester gum when not chemically 
combined), dyes, and plasticizers. Additives such as rosin (80 percent or more abietic acid) which are 
chemically combined with other resin-forming components are included in the data. 

2 Sales of resins for protective coatings include certain intraplant transfers as well as the usual inter- 
plant transfers, i. e., transfers from one establishment or the department of the company synthesizing 
resins for surface coatings to the establishment or depart ment of the same company which uses them 
in the formulation of protective coatings. 

3 Includes aniline-formaldehyde, coumarone-indene, petroleum polymer resins, toluenesulfonamide, 
and other miscellaneous resins. 

■• Included in "All other unmodified phthalic alkyd resins." 

5 Includes phthalic alkyd resins modified by styrene or dibasic acids. Does not include those modi- 
fied by oils only or fatty acids only. 

6 Alkyd resins modified by rosin are classified with rosin ester modified resins because of radical in- 
terchange. Tall oil modifications are also included. 

^ Included with "Phthalic alkyd resins modified by rosin and phenol-formaldehyde, other." 

9 Included in "All other unmodified phenolic resins, except mixed phenolics." 

' Includes phenolic resins modified with sulfonic acid, coumarone-indene, vinyl resins, and oils. 

1" Included in "All other mixed phenolic resins, unmodified." 

11 Includes modified and unmodified styrene polymerization and condensation resins. 

12 Includes acrylates, furfuryl-furfural, petroleum resins, polyamide resins (nylon), polyethylene, 
polyterpene, silicones, and other miscellaneous resins. 

13 Includes cyclopentadiene resins and polyesters of adipic, citric, fumaric, and succinic acids. 

14 Includes mixed polyesters of dibasic acids, or modifications with styrene or phenolics. 

15 Includes rosin esters, modified by fatty acids or oils. Other modified rosin ester resins are in- 
cluded with alkyd resins or tar acid resins. 

16 Includes substituted and modified urea-formaldehyde resins. Mixed urea and melamine resins 
are included in the data for melamine-formaldehyde type, other. 

1' Includes modified and substituted melamine resins and mixed urea and melamine resins. 
19 Includes polyvinyl acetate, polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyl butyral, polyvinyl formal, and polyvinyl 
ethers. 



Table 17. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of plastics 
materials, grouped according to classes, 1947 

[Quantities and values are based on net resin content only.i Listed below are all synthetic plastics 
materials for which any reported data on production or sales may be published] 





Production 


Sales » 


Chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 




1,000 
pounds 

1,251,699 


1,000 
pounds 

1,134,739 


1,000 
dollars 

431,314 


Per 
pound 

$0.38 






Rosin esters, total ^-_ _ - - .- 


110,358 


102,275 


21,362 


.21 






Unmodified . -. 


70,496 
39,862 
32,078 

7,784 

5,267 


62,787 

39,488 

32,270 

7,218 

4,031 


11,502 
9,860 
7,609 
2,251 

1,194 


.18 


Modified, total _ - 


.25 


Those modified by phenolics ^ _ . - 


.24 


Other modified rosin esters ^ 


.31 




.30 







See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 47 

Table 17. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of plastics 
materials, grouped according to classes, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Production 



Sales 2 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



Tar-acid resins other than rosin ester modified, total 

For adhesives ^ 

For laminating 

For molding and casting 

For protective coatings 

For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 

For other uses 

Alkyd resins, oil and solid types, total 

Phthalic anhydride type, total '^ 

Unmodified 

Modified, total -- 

Those modified by rosin ester ^ 

Except those modified by rosin ester 

Alkyd resins, other than phthalic anhydride type, 

total 9.-- 

Unmodified 

Modified , total 

Modified by rosin ester s 

Other than modified by rosin ester 

Urea and melamine resins, total i" 

For adhesives 

For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 

For other uses 

Vinyl resins, total ^^ 

For glazing, sheeting, and film 

For molding and casting 

For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 

For other uses 

Styrene resins i^ 

All other plastics materials, total i' 

For molding and casting 

For protective coatings 

For other uses 



1,000 
pounds 



252,072 



1,000 
pounds 

238,780 



1,000 
dollars 



77,989 



31,870 
39,715 
115,475 
30,974 
979 
33,059 

283,064 



31,387 
38,967 
111,577 
24,256 
997 
31,596 

223,791 



7,832 
11,345 
41.103 

8,034 
523 

9,152 

80,768 



224,120 

170,601 

53,519 

29,145 

24,374 

58,944 
12,227 
46.717 
45,541 
1,176 

112.400 



171,419 

127,313 

44,106 

23,730 

20,376 

52,372 
11,045 
41,327 
40,440 
887 

105,252 



66,116 

48,579 

17,537 

9,126 

8,411 

14,652 
4,637 

10,015 

9,741 

274 

35,135 



45,641 
16,882 
49,877 

177,443 



45,365 
14,133 
45,754 

160,948 



9,952 

3,847 

21,336 

63,089 



54,560 
57,796 
30,126 
34,961 

105,867 

205,228 



52,839 
53,067 
25,133 
29,909 

98,903 

200,759 



21,323 

18,343 

9,998 

13,425 

26,648 

125,129 



19,154 

20,610 

165,464 



17,202 

20,512 

163,045 



10,121 

4,430 

110,578 



Per 
pound 



$0.33 



.25 
.29 
.37 
.33 
.52 
.29 

.36 



.39 
.38 
.40 
.38 

.41 

.28 
.42 
.24 
.24 
.31 

.33 



.22 

.27 
.47 

.39 



.40 
.35 
.40 

.45 

.27 
.62 



.59 
.22 
.68 



1 Net resin content excludes all fillers, unreacted modifiers (such as ester gum when not chemically 
combined), dyes, and plasticizers. Additives such as rosin (80 percent or more abietic acid) which are 
chemically combined with other resin-forming components are included in the data. 

2 Sales of resins for protective coatings include certain intraplant transfers as well as the usual inter- 
plant transfers, i. e., transfers from one establishment or the department of the company synthesizing 
resins for surface coatings to the establishment or department of the same company which uses them 
in the formulation of protective coatings. 

5 Includes esters of tall oil. 

* Phenolic resins modified with rosin (unesterified abietic acid) are included with tar acid resins. 

5 Includes rosin esters, modified by fatty acids or oils. Other modified rosin ester resins are included 
with alkyd resins. 

^ Includes small amount of coumarone-indene resins. 

' Oil type phthalic alkyd resins for protective coatings accounted for 99 percent of all phthalic alkyd 
resins. Production of solid type phthalic alkyd resins for other uses totaled 1.7 million pounds. 

' Alkyd resins modified by rosin are classified with rosin ester modified resins because of radical in- 
terchange. Data are included for resins which are modified with phenolics, and fatty or dibasic acids 
in addition to rosin. Tall oil modifications are also included. 

• Includes alkyd resins made frona cyclopentadiene and maleic, fumaric, adipic, azelaic, citric, se- 
bacic, and other dibasic acids. Production of solid type resins accounted for 75 percent of all alkyd 
resins other than the phthalic type. 

1" Includes substituted urea and melamine resins and modifications. 

11 Includes polyvinyl halides and copolymers, butyral, formal, acetate, alcohol, and ethers. 

12 Includes modified and unmodified styrene polymerization and condensation resins. 

13 Includes acrylates, aniline-formaldehyde, coumarone-indene, furfuryl-furfural, petroleum resins, 
polyamide resins (nylon), polyethylene, polyterpene, silicones, and other miscellaneous resins. 



48 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 18. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of plastics 
materials, grouped according to use, 1947 

[Quantities and values are based on net resin content only] 





Production 


Sales 


Material 


Quantity 


Percent 
of total 


Quantity 


Value 






Weight 


Percent 
of total 


Amount 


Percent 
of total 


Unit 
value 


PLASTICS MATERIALS, 

BENZENOID AND NON- 

BENZENOID 

Total -- - 


1,000 
pounds 

1,251,699 


100.0 


1,000 
pounds 

1,134,739 


100.0 


1,000 
dollars 

431,314 


100.0 


Per 
pound 

$0.38 






For protective coatings 

For molding and casting 


453,006 

312,737 

45,865 

98,346 

54,251 

7,874 
279,620 

737,714 


36.2 

25.0 

3.7 

7.9 

4.3 

.6 
22.3 

100.0 


378,709 

295,335 

44,766 

93,589 

45,660 

6,730 

269,950 

662,284 


33.5 

26.0 

3.9 

8.2 

4.0 

.6 

23.8 

100.0 


124,423 

105,633 

14,327 

24,848 

17,908 

1,705 

142,470 

188.688 


28.8 

24.5 

3.3 

5.8 

4.2 

.4 

33.0 

100.0 


.33 
.36 
.32 




.27 


For treatment of textiles. 


.39 




.25 


For miscellaneous uses 

PLASTICS MATERIALS, 
BENZENOID 

Total - - 


.53 
.28 






For protective coatings 

For molding and casting 


302,941 

207 , 243 

40,785 

31,870 

154,875 

513,985 


41.1 

28.1 

5.5 

4.3 

21.0 

100.0 


243,722 
196,303 
39,908 
31,387 
150,964 

472,455 


36.8 

29.7 

6.0 

4.7 

22.8 

100.0 


83,122 
65,225 
11,767 
7,832 
20,742 

242,626 


44.0 

34.6 

6.2 

4.2 

11.0 

100.0 


.34 
.33 
.29 




.25 


For miscellaneous uses i 

PLASTICS MATERIALS, 
NONBENZENOID 

Total 


.14 
.51 






For protective coatings 

For molding and casting 


150,065 

105,494 

5,080 

66,476 

186,870 


29.2 
20.5 
1.0 
12.9 
36.4 


134,987 

99,032 

4,858 

62,202 

171,376 


28.6 
21.0 
1.0 
13.2 
36.2 


41,301 

40,408 

2,560 

17,016 

141,341 


17.0 

16.7 

1.1 

7.0 

58.2 


.31 
.41 
.53 




.27 


For miscellaneous uses i 


.82 



1 Includes plastics materials for ion exchange; glazing, sheeting 
tiles, paper, and leather. 



and film; and for treatment of tex- 



Rubber-Processing Chemicals 



Rubber-processing chemicals are organic chemical compounds which 
are used in compounding natural and synthetic rubbers in order to 
impart certain essential physical characteristics to the rubbers before 
they are manufactured into rubber products. They do not include 
chemicals which are basic components of synthetic rubber. In this 
report, statistics on rubber-processing chemicals are shown separately 
by cyclic and acyclic types and also by uses, such as accelerators, anti- 
oxidants, and peptizers. Table 19A gives statistics on production and 
sales of these chemicals in 1947.'' 



' See also table 19B, part III, which lists these chemicals alphabetically and identifies the manu- 
facturers. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



49 



Table 19A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
rubber-processing chemicals, 1947 

[Listed below are all rubber-processing chemicals for which any reported data on production or sales 
may be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are confidential and may not be pub- 
lished or where no data were reported.) Table 19B in part III lists alphabetically all those for which 
data on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Chemical 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



Grand total. 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 

Total 

Accelerators, total 

Aldehyde-amines, total 

n-Butyraldehyde-aniline 

All other 

Dithiocarbamates 

Guanidines, total 

Diphenylguanidine 

All other 

Thiazole derivatives, total 

2,2'-Dithiobisbenzothiazole (2,2'-Benzothiazyl disul- 
fide) 

2-MeTcaptobenzothiazole 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, zinc salt 

AU other 

Antioxidants, total 

Amino or hydroxy compounds, total 

N,N'-Diphenyl-p-phenylenediamine 

All other 

All other 1 

RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 
Total 

Accelerators, total 

Dithiocarbamates, total 2 

Dibutyl dithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

All other 

Thiurams ' 

AU other accelerators 

Other uses, total 

Peptizers: Dodecyl mercaptan 

AU other 



1,000 
pounds 



85,830 



48,033 



1,175 

377 

798 

278 

5,336 

4,158 

1,178 

41,244 

12,365 

17,732 

1,239 

9,908 

37,797 



21,231 

3,397 

17,834 

16,566 



14,892 



4,441 



807 
262 
545 
3,448 
186 
10,451 



6,297 
4,154 



1,000 
pounds 



88,578 



74,353 



37,554 



1,038 

.333 

705 

303 

4,804 

3,687 

1,117 

31,409 

10,839 
9,639 
1,096 
9,835 

36,799 



21,074 

3,360 

17,714 

15,725 



14,225 



4,424 



674 
186 
488 

3,587 
163 

9,801 



6,128 
3,673 



1.000 
dollars 



42,602 



31,008 



14 , 667 



736 

194 

542 

336 

1,981 

1,373 

608 

11,614 

3,732 

2,905 

309 

4,668 

16,341 



9,884 
2,280 
7,604 
6,457 



1 1 , 594 



4,919 



748 
199 
549 

3,991 
180 

6,675 



4,781 
1,894 



Per 

pound 

$0.48 



.42 
.39 



.71 
.58 
.77 
1.11 
.41 
.37 
.54 
.37 

.34 
.30 

.28 
.47 



.47 
.68 
.43 
.41 



.81 



1.11 



1.16 
1.07 
1.12 
1.11 
1.10 



.78 
.51 



1 Includes data on production and sales of a smaU number of rubber-processing chemicals for other 
uses in order to render statistics publishable. 

2 The dithiocarbamates for which statistics are shown in this table are used entirely as rubber- 
processing chemicals. Data on the dithiocarbamates which are used almost entirely as fungicides 
are included in the section of this report on miscellaneous acyclic chemicals. Production of these dithi- 
ocarbamates was 4.0 million pounds; sales were 2.7 miUion pounds, valued at 1.6 mUlion doUars. 

3 Includes data for thiurams reported for agricultural uses. 



Production in 1947 of all rubber-processing chemicals increased 
slightly to 100.7 milhon pounds from 95.6 million pounds in 1946. Sales 
in 1947 also increased slightly; they totaled 88.6 miUion pounds, valued 
at 42.6 million dollars, compared with 87.4 milhon pounds, valued at 
40.4 milhon dollars, in 1946. 



50 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

The output of cyclic rubber-processing chemicals (chiefly accelerators 
and antioxidants) in 1947 exceeded by 5.8 million pounds the 80 million 
pounds reported for 1946. Sales of these compounds increased slightly 
in 1947, amounting to 74.3 million pounds, valued at 31 million dollars, 
compared with 72.8 million pounds, valued at 29.6 milHon dollars, in 
1946. 

Statistics on accelerators are given for four chemical subgroups — 
aldehyde amines, dithiocarbamates, guanidines, and thiazole deriva- 
tives — the last being the most important. In 1947, production of thi- 
azole derivatives was 41.2 million pounds; 19 million pounds of this 
quantity consisted of 2-mercaptobenzothiazole and its zinc salt. 
Production of diphenyl guanidine, the most important of the guanidine 
group, amounted to 4.1 milhon pounds, compared with 3.4 million 
pounds in 1946. The output of cycUc antioxidants in 1947 was 37.8 
milhon pounds, an increase of 3 percent over the 36.7 million pounds 
reported in 1946. 

Acyclic rubber-processing chemicals include accelerators and pep- 
tizers. No statistics on acyclic antioxidants were reported. Produc- 
tion of acyclic rubber-processing chemicals declined to 14.9 million 
pounds in 1947 from 15.5 million pounds in 1946. Sales in 1947 were 
only slightly below 1946 in quantity, amounting to 14.2 million pounds, 
compared with 14.5 million pounds in the previous year. The value of 
sales, however, was greater than in 1946, principally because of the 
increased price of dodecyl mercaptan. Dodecyl mercaptan was the 
acyclic rubber-processing chemical produced in the largest quantity in 
1947. Production of this chemical was only slightly higher than the 
6.2 million pounds reported for 1946; sales amounted to 6.1 million 
pounds, valued at 4.8 milhon dollars, compared with sales in 1946 of 
6.2 million pounds, valued at 3.8 million dollars. 

Elastomers (Synthetic Rubbers) 

The output of synthetic rubbers continued to decline in 1947 as in- 
creased supplies of natural rubber became available. Statistics on pro- 
duction and sales of synthetic rubbers in 1947 are given in table 20A.* 
Total production of cyclic and acyclic elastomers in 1947 was 1.2 bilhon 
pounds, or 29 percent less than the output in 1946 (1.7 billion pounds). 
Sales totaled 1.3 bilHon pounds, valued at 261 milhon dollars, a decline 
of 33 percent in quantity and 30 percent in value compared with 1946. 

Production of cyclic elastomers, chiefly polybutadiene-styrene (GR-S 
type) synthetic rubber, used principally in tires, amounted to 916 million 
pounds in 1947, or 34 percent less than in 1946. Cyclic elastomers ac- 
counted for 76 percent of the total output of synthetic elastomers, com- 
pared with 81 percent in 1946. Sales amounted to 964 milhon pounds, 
valued at 179 million dollars, a dechne of about 38 percent from 1946 in 
terms of both quantity and value. 

In 1947 production of special purpose types of acychc elastomers, 
principally the polyisobutylene-diolefin (GR-I type), polyvinyl, and 
polychloroprene (GR-M type) elastomers, was 287 milhon pounds, or 
13 percent less than in 1946, when the output was 328 milhon pounds. 



' See also table 20B, part III, whic h lists these chemicals alphabetically and identifies the manu- 
facturers. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



51 



Table 20A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
elastomers (synthetic rubbers),^ 1947 

[Listed below are all synthetic elastomers for which any reported data on production or sales may be 
published. Table 20B in part III lists alphabetically all those elastomers for which data on pro- 
duction or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Chemical 



Production 



Sales 2 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



Grand total 

ELASTOMERS. CYCLIC 
Total-.- 

Polybutadiene-styrene type, total 

Produced at Government plants 

Produced at private plants 

Polystyrene-isoprene type ^ 

ELASTOMERS, ACYCLIC 

Total 



Products for which separate statistics may not be shown *- 
Products for which separate statistics are shown below-. 

Polybutadiene-acrylonitrile 

Polychloroprene (GR-M type) ^ 

Polyisobutylene-diolefin (GR-I type) ^ 

Polyvinyl type elastomers ^ 



1,000 
pounds 



1,203,238 



1,000 
pounds 



1,259,392 



1,000 
dollars 



261,421 



Per 
pound 

$0.21 



915,995 



964,292 



179,449 



.19 



915,813 



964,065 



179,407 



.19 



906,814 
8,999 



182 



287,243 



955,301 
8,764 



227 



295,100 



175,399 
4.008 



42 



81,972 



.18 
.46 



.18 



.28 



27,395 
259,848 



29,520 
265,580 



10,070 
71,902 



.34 
.27 



14,836 

52,871 

140,718 

51,423 



14,379 

57,924 

144,811 

48,466 



5,874 
16,719 
20,264 
29,045 



.41 
.29 
.14 
.60 



1 An elastomer is defined as a material which wiU stretch repeatedly to 150 percent or more and will 
return rapidly and with force to its approximate original shape. Synthetic elastomers include syn- 
thetic rubbers. 

2 Value of sales for some plants operated for the Office of Rubber Reserve represent the value cal- 
culated from the quantity of sales and the average book value per pound for 1947 as supplied by the 
Office of Rubber Reserve, Reconstruction Finance Corporation. 

3 Statistics for Government plants only. 

* Includes statistics for polyalkalene-sulfide (thiokol), polychloroprene (neoprene) (private pro- 
duction), polyisobutylene (vistanex), and cyclo- and chlorinated-rubber elastomers. 

Includes statistics for some of the plastics materials reported in table 16A which have been con- 
verted by the addition of plasticizers into elastomers. Included are polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyl butyral, 
polyvinyl chloride, and polj'vinyl chloride-vinyUdene chloride elastomers. 

Sales totaled 295 million pounds, valued at 82 million dollars, a decline 
of 12 percent in quantity and 2 percent in value compared with the pre- 
vious year. The smaller decline in value was due to increased prices of 
the polybutadiene-acrylonitrile, the polychloroprene, and the polyvinyl 
elastomers. 

Plasticizers 

Plasticizers are organic chemicals used in the manufacture of plastics 
materials to impart to the finished product special properties of work- 
abiUty, flexibihty, rigidity, and elasticity. 

Table 21 A shows statistics on production and sales of plasticizers in 
1947.9 



• See also table 21B, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufacturers. 



52 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 21A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 

plasticizers, 1947 

[ Listed below are all plasticizers for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. 
Table 21B in part III lists alphabetically all those plasticizers for which data on production or 
sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Chemical 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



Grand total 

PLASTICIZERS, CYCLIC 

Total-. - 

Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown i 
Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below.. 

Phosphoric acid esters: Tricresyl phosphate 

Phthalic anhydride esters, total 

Dibutyl phthalate 

Dicyclohexy 1 phthalate 

Diethyl phthalate 

Dimethyl phthalate 2 

All other 3 

PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC 

Total 

Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown ^ 
Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below 

Laurie acid esters 

Oleic acid esters, total 

Diethylene glycol mono-oleate 

Glyceryl mono-oleate 

All others 

Phosphoric acid esters ^ 

Stearic acid esters, total 

Butyl stearate 

Glyceryl monostearate 

All other ' 



1.000 
pounds 



140,012 



1,000 
pounds 

118,289 



1,000 
dollars 



45,770 



103,408 



88,714 



31,831 



17,108 
86,300 



15,689 
73,025 



6,043 
25,788 



11,939 
74,361 



11,589 
61,436 



3,908 
21,880 



21,743 
2,577 
8,040 
1,760 

40,241 



36,604 



18,192 
2,511 
5,772 
1,989 

32,972 



29,575 



5,966 

1,023 

1,630 

449 

12,812 



13,939 



20,528 
16,076 



17,339 
12,236 



8.454 
5,485 



1,272 
2,590 



1,137 
1,325 



430 
516 



663 

153 

1,774 

3,144 

9,070 



376 
76 

873 
2,395 
7,379 



156 
39 

321 
1,036 
3,503 



1,702 
4,547 
2,821 



959 
3,889 
2,531 



416 
1,997 
1,090 



Per 
pound 

$0.39 



.36 



.38 
.35 



.34 
.36 



.33 
.41 
.28 
.22 
.39 



.47 



.49 
.45 



.38 
.39 



.41 
.51 
.37 
.43 

.47 



.43 

.51 
.43 



1 Includes amylnaphthalenes, toluenesulfonamides, synthetic camphor, methylphenol, polymerized 
styrene, coumarone-indene, abietic acid and benzoylbenzoic acid esters, and fatty acid esters of cyclic 
alcohols. 

2 Includes dimethyl phthalate for use as an insect repellent. 

3 Includes phthalic anhydride esters of phenols, substituted cyclohexanols, fatty alcohols, mono- 
hydric alcohols, oellosolves, carbitols, and other dihydric alcohols and phthalyl glycolates. 

^ Includes esters of acids such as adipic, citric, pelargonic, propionic, ricinoleic, sebacic, tartaric, 
acetylated acids, and others reacted with monohydric alcohols, glycols, glycerol cellosolves, and other 
polyhydric alcohols. Plasticizers which are not esters include polyglycols and nitrogen-containing 
compounds. 

s Includes glyceryl trioleate and oleic acid esters of monohydric alcohols, glycols, and cellosolves. 

8 Includes phosphoric acid esters of monohydric alcohols and cellosolves. 

' Includes stearic, monohydroxystearic, and chlorinated stearic acid esters of monohydric alcohols, 
glycerol, glycols, and cellosolves. 



Paralleling increased production of plastics materials, the output of 
plasticizers increased from 114.6 million pounds in 1946 to 140 million 
pounds in 1947, an increase of 22 percent. Sales of plasticizers in 1947 
were 118.3 million pounds, valued at 45.8 million dollars, compared with 
101.6 million pounds, valued at 29.3 million dollars, in 1946. The pro- 
portionately larger increase in the value of sales in 1947 was due to 
higher prices. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 53 

The output of cyclic plasticizers in 1947 was 103.4 million pounds, 
an increase of 19.6 million pounds over 1946. Sales in 1947 totaled 88.7 
million pounds, valued at 31.8 million dollars, compared with 78.6 mil- 
lion pounds, valued at 21.1 million dollars, in 1946. The largest increases 
in 1947 were in the production of dibutyl phthalate and miscellaneous 
phthalates, including di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate and methyl phthalyl 
ethyl glycolate. Production of dibutyl phthalate was 21.7 million pounds 
in 1947, compared with 12.6 million pounds in 1946; sales were 18.2 
million pounds, valued at 6 million dollars, compared with 14.3 million 
pounds, valued at 3.2 million dollars, in 1946. The output of miscellane- 
ous phthalates amounted to 40.2 million pounds, compared with 23.5 
million pounds, in 1946. Decreased production in 1947 was reported 
for diethyl phthalate (5.3 million pounds less than in 1946) and dimethyl 
phthalate (3.7 million pounds less). 

Production of acyclic plasticizers increased to 36.6 million pounds in 
1947 from 30.7 million pounds in 1946, an increase of 19 percent. Sales 
in 1947 amounted to 29.6 million pounds, valued at 13.9 million dollars, 
compared with 23 million pounds, valued at 8.2 million dollars, in 1946. 
The most important plasticizers in the acyclic group were the esters of 
oleic acid and phosphoric acid. Glyceryl monostearate led all other 
acyclic plasticizers in the quantity produced. 

Surface-Active Agents 

Surface-active agents include synthetic organic detergents, wetting 
agents, and emulsifying and dispersing agents; in this report, soaps are 
not included in the tabulations. 

Developed originally as substitutes for soap, surface-active agents 
have been put to many diversified uses for which their varied charac- 
teristics make them especially desirable. In general, these chemicals 
contain both a water-insoluble part and a water-soluble part which en- 
ables them to be partly soluble in both aqueous and nonaqueous medi- 
ums, thereby improving the miscibility of the two mediums. For house- 
hold use, surface-active agents are especially valuable in hard water, in 
which they do not form insoluble precipitates as most soaps do. For 
industrial use, they act as detergents and wetting agents in acid solutions 
and other mediums in which soaps are ineffective. Special uses of 
surface-active agents include shampoos, dentifrices, dyeing assistants, 
prepared textile specialties, and emulsifying agents. Table 22A shows 
production and sales of surface-active agents in 1947.^" 

Production of surface-active agents continued to increase in 1947, 
totaling 291 million pounds, or 20 percent greater than in 1946. Sales 
were 234 million pounds, valued at 61 million dollars, compared with 
214 million pounds, valued at 58 million dollars in the preceding year. 
Data are reported in terms of bulk surface-active agents — that is, in 
terms of 100-percent content of the surface-active agent itself, exclusive 
of all ingredients such as inorganic salts and water. 

In 1947 production of cyclic surface-active agents totaled 113 million 
pounds, an increase of 18 percent over that in 1946; production of 
acyclic surface-active agents totaled 179 million pounds, an increase of 



1" See also table 22B, part III, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manu- 
f acturers. 



54 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 22A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 

surface-active agents,^ 1947 

[Listed below are all surface-active agents for which any reported data on production or sales may be 
published. Table 22B in part III lists alphabetically all those chemicals for which data on pro- 
duction or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Chemical 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Grand total . 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, CYCLIC 
Total - - 



Quaternary ammonium compounds, total. 



Lauryldimethylbenzylammonium chloride . 
All other 



Sulfated and sulfonated cyclic surface-active agents, total. 

Benzenoid compounds, sulfonated 2 

Naphthalenoid compounds, sulfonated: 

n-Amylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, and salt (mono 

and di) 

n-ButylnaphthalenesuUonic acid, and salt (mono 

anddi) 

Isopropylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, and salt (mono 

and di) 

Nonylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Petroleum sulfonates, aromatic, total 

Oil layer type petroleum sulfonates, sodium salt 

AU other 

All other sulfated and sulfonated cyclic surface-active 
agents ' 



Polyhydric alcohol esters and ethers * 

SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC 
Total— — 



Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown ^ 
Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below. 



Nitrogen-containing surface-active agents (non-sul- 
fonated) , total 



Amide surface-active agents, total 

N - (Aminoethyl) - N - (hydroxyethyl) oleamide (Ole- 

amide of aminoethylethanolamine) 

N - (Aminoethyl) - N - (hydroxyethyl)stearamide 

(Stearamide of aminoethylethanolamine) 

Coconut oil fatty acid amide of diethanolamine 

N,N-Di(2-hydroxyethyl) stearamide (Diethanol 

stearamide) 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)lauramide (Ethanol lauramide).. 

All other 

Amine salts of fatty acids 

All other nitrogen-containing surface-active agents ^ — 

Polyhydric alcohol esters and ethers, total 

Polyglycol monolaurate 

AU other 

Salts of fatty acids: 

Potassium oleate 

Sodium oleate 



1,000 
pounds 



291,161 



112,651 



1,033 



556 

477 



100,199 



55,365 

646 

1,417 

637 

146 

33,970 

15,141 

18.829 

8,018 

11,419 

178,510 



1,622 
176,888 



8,111 



5,330 

73 

183 
1,821 

239 
302 

2.712 
60 

2,721 

5,406 



44 
5.362 



208 
156 



1,000 
pounds 



234,294 



100,664 



1,000 



546 
454 



90,376 



53,377 

625 

1,341 

609 

123 

26,844 

10,528 

16,316 

7,457 

9,288 



133,630 



1,369 
132,261 



6,648 



4,196 

(«) 

173 
1,801 

(«) 

(6) 

2,222 

31 

2,421 

4,727 



4,719 



208 
156 



1,000 
dollars 



61.087 



20,700 



1,291 



713 
578 



14,632 



9,648 



177 

409 

210 

32 

3,290 

1,616 

1,674 



4,777 



40,387 



229 
40.158 



2,525 



1,778 

(6) 



82 
882 



(6) 
(«) 

814 
10 

737 

2,571 



4 
2.567 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



55 



Table 22A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
surface-active agents,^ ^547— Continued 



Chemical 



Production 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Sulfated and sulfonated acyclic surface-active agents, 
total 

Acids, sulfated and sulfonated : 

Fish oil fatty acids, sulfonated 

Oleic acid, sulfonated (Sulfonated red oil) 

Amides, sulfated and sulfonated, total 

Coconut oil fatty acid amides, sulfonated and salts *. 

All other 

Esters, sulfated and sulfonated: Isopropyl oleate, sul- 
fonated 

Oils, fats, and waxes, sulfated and sulfonated, total 

Animal fats and oils, sulfated and sulfonated, total. - 

Lard oil, sulfonated 

Neat's-foot oil, sulfonated 

Tallow, sulfonated 

All other 

Fish and marine mammal oils, sulfated and sul- 
fonated, total 

Cod oU, sulfonated 

Herring oil, sulfonated 

Menhaden oil, sulfonated 

Sperm oil, sulfonated 

Ail other 

Vegetable oils, fats, and waxes, sulfated and sul- 
fonated , total 

Castor oil, sulfonated 

Coconut oil, sulfonated 

Corn oil, sulfonated 

Mustard seed oil, sulfonated 

Peanut oil, sulfonated 

Soybean oU, sulfonated 

Teaseed oil, sulfonated 

All other 

All other oils, fats, and waxes, sulfated and sul- 
fonated , total 

Tall oU, sulfonated 

All other 

Petroleum sulfonates, aliphatic 

All other sulfated and sulfonated acyclic surface-active 
agents 11 



1,000 
pounds 



163,007 



1,000 
pounds 



120,522 



1,000 
dollars 



34,971 



698 

1,915 

10,531 

1,927 

8,604 

767 
38,524 
11,727 
1,597 
2,569 
5,851 
1,710 

13,727 
7,007 
2,990 
1,801 
1,131 
798 

11,995 

4,975 

281 

500 

957 

1,773 

853 

618 

2,038 

1,075 

526 

549 

13,852 

96,720 



468 
1,411 
9,279 
1,676 
7,603 

749 
30,956 
10,835 
1,488 
2,449 
5,189 
1,709 

10,885 
6,754 

1,735 

686 

1,710 

8,169 
4,044 
257 
176 
445 
1,293 
849 

(10) 

1,105 

1,067 

517 

550 

12,571 

65,088 



147 
511 

6,245 
877 

5,368 

315 
7,458 
2,319 

311 

640 
1,042 

326 

2,252 
1,303 

403 
214 
332 

2,653 

1,138 

67 

65 

133 

401 

333 

(10) 

516 

234 

71 

163 

1,740 

18,555 



Per 

pound 



$0.29 



.31 
.36 
.67 
.52 
.71 

.42 
.24 
.21 
.21 
.26 
.20 
.19 

.21 
.19 



.23 
.31 
.19 

.33 
.28 
.26 
.36 
.29 
.31 
.39 



.46 

.21 
.13 
.29 
.14 

.29 



1 Data are given in terms of bulk surface-active agents, that is, in terms of lOO-peroent content of 
surface-active agent, exclusive of all inorganic salts, water, etc. 

2 Includes alkylaryl sulfonates and sulfated and sulfonated phenyl ethers and substituted biphenyl 
and phenylphenol derivatives. 

' Includes salts of Ugnosulfonic acid and some sulfonated naphthalenoid compounds. 

^ In addition to aryl ethers and esters, the data also include derivatives of anhydro hexitols which 
were formerly classified with acyclic surface-active agents. 

5 Includes phosphorous derivatives of high molecular weight alcohols and salts of fatty acids which 
are not listed separately in the table . 

^ Included in all other amide surface-active agents. 

' Includes esters of hydroxyamines ; quaternary ammonium compounds; salts of nitrUo-acids ; fatty 
acid derivatives of guanidine, glycine, and proteins; and others. 

' Includes sulfonated coconut oil fatty acid amides of ammonia, ethanolamine, and iso propanolamine . 

' Included in all other fish and marine mammal oils, sulfated and sulfonated. 

1" Included in all other vegetable oils, fats, and waxes, sulfated and sulfonated. 

11 Includes sulfated and sulfonated alcohols, and some sulfated and sulfonated acids and esters which 
are not listed separately in the table. 



21 percent over that in 1946. Sales of the cycHc surface-active agents 
in 1947 were 101 milHon pounds, valued at 21 million dollars; sales of 
the acyclic group were 134 million pounds, valued at 40 million dollars. 
Products derived from natural sources, such as fats and oils, ac- 
counted for about 60 percent of the output of all surface-active agents 



56 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

in 1947. The rest were derived from mineral sources, such as coal tar 
and petroleum. 

Sulfated and sulfonated materials, which are anion-active, are prob- 
ably the oldest type of soapless detergents and wetting agents. Pro- 
duction of sulfated and sulfonated compounds, cyclic and acyclic com- 
bined, totaled 263 milhon pounds in 1947, or more than 90 percent of 
the total output of all surface-active agents; sales of 211 million pounds 
were valued at about 50 million dollars. The sulfated and sulfonated 
products produced in largest quantity were benzenoid compounds (55 
million pounds); aliphatic and aromatic petroleum sulfonates (48 mil- 
lion pounds) ; oils, fats, and waxes (39 million pounds) ; and sulfated 
and sulfonated alcohols and esters (for which data may not be published). 

Production of cyclic and acyclic polyhydric alcohol ethers and esters, 
which are generally nonionic materials, totaled 17 million pounds in 
1947, or less than 6 percent of the total output of all surface-active 
agents. Production of cation-active surface-active agents includes 
quaternary ammonium compounds and other nitrogen-containing 
compounds; the output of this group totaled over 9 milhon pounds in 
1947. 

Miscellaneous Synthetic Organic Chemicals 

Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals consist of acyclic inter- 
mediates and finished acyclic and cyclic products not included in any 
of the preceding use groups. ^^ Among these are chemicals such as sol- 
vents, refrigerants, flotation reagents, tanning materials, insecticides, 
paint driers, plant hormones, and photographic chemicals. 

Statistics on production and sales of miscellaneous chemicals in 
1947 are given in table 23A.i= In 1947 the output of chemicals included 
in this miscellaneous group totaled 10 billion pounds; sales totaled 5.4 
billion pounds, valued at 724 million dollars. This output represented 
an increase of 20 percent over 1946; sales in 1946 were 4.6 billion pounds, 
valued at 519 million dollars. 

Production of the cyclic group in 1947 totaled 205 million pounds, 
an increase of 33 percent over that in 1946; sales totaled 167 million 
pounds, valued at 61 million dollars. Production of the insecticide 
DDT, the leading chemical in this group, totaled 49.6 million pounds; 
sales of 36.1 million pounds were valued at 14.9 million dollars. The 
output of naphthenic acid salts, which are important paint driers, 
totaled 25.3 million pounds; sales of 23.9 million pounds were valued 
at 5.9 million dollars. Production and sales of these driers were not com- 
pletely covered in previous reports. 

The output of acycHc intermediates and miscellaneous acyclic chem- 
icals in 1947 totaled 9.8 bilhon pounds, or 20 percent over that in 1946; 
sales of 5.2 billion pounds were valued at 663 million dollars. 

Halogenated hj^drocarbons (bromides, chlorides, fluorides, and io- 
dides) accounted for about one-sixth of the total output of miscellaneous 
acyclic chemicals in 1947. Production in this subgroup including sol- 

11 There is no generally recognized group of acyclic compounds that may be classified as acyclic in- 
termediates corresponding to the cyclic intermediates. Many acyclic compounds are used not only 
as intermediates but also as solvents and for other miscellaneous purposes. In these annual reports, 
acyclic intermediates are grouped with aoycUc finished products. 

12 See also table 23B, part III, which lists these chemicals alphabetically and identifies the manu- 
facturers. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



57 



Table 23 A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
miscellaneous chemicals, 1947 

[Listed below are all miscellaneous chemicals for which any reported data on production or sales may 
be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are confidential and may not be published 
or where no data were reported.) Table 23B in part III lists alphabetically all those chemicals for 
which data on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Chemical 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Grand total 

MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 
Total 



1,000 
pounds 

9,978,890 



1,000 
■pounds 



5,416,977 



1,000 
dollars 



723,887 



Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown. 
Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below 

Benzoic acid salts: Sodium benzoate, tech. and U. S. P.. 

Benzoyl peroxide 

Biological stains 

Chemical indicators ! 

Cyclopropane 



Flotation reagents, total. 



Diphenylthiourea (ThiocarbanUide) . 
All other 1 



Hexamethylenetetramine, tech. 
Insecticides, synthetic, total 



4, 4'-Dichlorodiphenyl-l, 1, 1-trichloroethane (DDT). 

Hexachlorocyclohexane (Benzene hexachloride) 

Phenothiazine 

All other 2 



Naphthenic acid salts (paint driers), total '- 



Calcium naphthenate 

Cobalt naphthenate 

Copper naphthenate 

Lead naphthenate 

Manganese naphthenate. 

Zinc naphthenate 

All other 



a-\'aphthylthiourea ( ANTU) 

Photographic chemicals: 

Hydroquinone (Hydroquinol) 

p-Methylaminophenol sulfate 

Plant hormones: 

2, 4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2, 4-D) 

2, 4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, sodium salt 

2, 4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid derivatives, other. 
Naphthaleneacetic acid 



Rosin acid salts, total '- 



Cobalt resinate 

Lead resinate 

Manganese resinate. 
AU other 



Tanning materials, synthetic* 

MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 
Total 



205,048 



60,806 
144,242 



5,684 



15 

6 

72 

3,969 



381 
3,588 



8,317 
66,058 



49,600 
8,197 
3,000 
5,261 

25,262 



724 
5,876 
2,976 
11,194 
2,696 
1,276 

520 

142 

2,453 
769 

5,629 

1,750 

1,487 

14 

1,687 



286 
473 
403 
525 

20,928 



9,773,842 



167.182 



58,350 
108,832 



5,393 

298 

15 

6 

65 



48,397 



36,073 
5,042 
4,134 
3,148 

23,938 



644 
5,264 
2,926 
10,858 
2,492 
1,288 

466 

78 

2,425 
766 

5,115 

1,088 

1,354 

12 

1,608 



261 
440 
395 
512 

18,274 



60,578 



17,157 
43.421 



,870 
235 
175 
134 
621 



22,437 



14.945 
1,717 
1.688 
4,087 

5,916 



166 
2.025 
500 
2.332 
517 
269 
107 

260 

1 , 550 
1,887 

3,426 
946 

1.649 
230 

354 



130 
90 
73 
61 

1,731 



663.309 



2,789,438 
6,984,404 



Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown. 
Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below. 

Acetaldehyde 424 , 645 

Acetic acid: Synthetic (100%) 362,463 

See footnotes at end of table. 



2,129,608 
3.120,187 



326,426 
336,883 



27,011 
160,786 



2,502 
13,781 



58 



UNITED STATES TAEIFF COMMISSION 



Table 23A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
miscellaneous chemicals, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS. ACYCLIC 
Continued 

Acetic acid salts, total 

Aluminum acetate 

Cobalt acetate 

Lead acetate 

Mercuric acetate 

Potassium acetate 

All other 

Acetic anhydride, from all sources. - - 

A cetone, total 

By fermentation 

From isopropyl alcohol ^ 

Amines, total 

Methylamine, mono 

Methylamine, tri 

All other 

Amyl acetates (90 %) 

Amyl alcohols, total 

Fusel oU, crude and refined 

Primary: Isoamyl (3-Methylbutanol) 

All other 

Butyl acetates, 90% 

Butyl alcohols, total 

Primary: Normal (n-Propylcarbinol) 

All other 

n-Caproic acid 

Carbon disulfide 

Cellulose esters and ethers, total 

Cellulose acetate 

Cellulose nitrate 

Sodium carboxymethylcellulose 

All other - 

Chloral (Trichloroacetaldehyde) 

Diethyl malonate 

Ethyl acetate (85%) 

Ethylene glycol 

Ethyl ether, all grades 

Ethyl malonic ester 

Ethyl mercaptan 

Fats and oils, chemically modified 

Fatty acid esters, not included with plasticizers 

Flotation reagents * 

Formaldehyde (37% HCHO by weight) 

Formic acid salts 

Fumari c acid 

Fungicides, dithiocarbamic acid derivatives 

Gases (poisonous, tear, etc.) ^ 

Halogenated hydrocarbons, total 

Carbon tetrachloride 

Chlorinated ethanes and ethylenes 

Chloroform, tech. and U. S. P 

Ch loroparafEn 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 



15,929 



208 

144 

2,457 

3 

644 

12,473 

632,058 

397,189 



39.996 
357,193 

34,521 



884 

210 

33,427 

12,981 

17,728 



14,154 

270 

3,304 

97,093 

256,096 



140,122 
115,974 



74 
386,175 



478,737 



340,093 

93,811 

2,260 

42,573 

12,002 

386 

87,147 

226,673 

41,304 

139 

108 

32 , 577 

5,079 

18,964 

520,642 

8,029 

1,686 

3,991 

2,102 

1,568,612 



199,338 

958,378 

12,188 

17,495 



1,000 
pounds 



13,615 



1,000 
dollars 



1,815 



210 
119 



70 
100 



517 
12,769 



101 

1,544 



286,505 



21,036 



41,034 
245,471 



10,349 



3,639 
17.397 



5,160 



11,488 
8,027 



2,517 
1,424 



5,054 

246 

2,727 

91,532 

206,781 



872 
101 
451 

19,955 

35,226 



50 
369,893 

170,214 



59 
14,639 



71,947 



63,537 
87 , 183 



37,423 
25,287 



9,237 



76,469 



10,859 



34,140 



4,491 



128 

13,464 

4,809 

18,625 

388,389 

5,276 



142 

3,760 

1,403 

4,915 

13,908 

667 



2,761 
2,125 



749,559 



1,626 
668 



68,847 



176,232 

333,250 

11,256 



8,339 

24 , 639 

1,710 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



59 



Table 23A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
miscellaneous chemicals, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Production 



Quantity 



Value 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— 
Continued 

Halogenated hydrocarbons — Continued 

Ethyl bromide 

Methyl bromide 

Methyl chloride, crude and refined 

Methylene chloride (Dichloromethane), crude and 

refined 

Vinyl chloride and vinyUdene chloride 

All other 

Insecticides 8 

Isopropyl acetate 

Isopropyl alcohol (100%)9 

Lactic acid, total 

Technical 

Edible and medicinal 

Lactic acid salts: Sodium lactate 

Linoleic acid salts, total ^ 

Cobalt linoleate 

Lead linoleate 

Manganese linoleate 

All other 

Methanol, synthetic 

Oleic acid salts, total 

Copper oleate 

All other. 

Oxalic acid 

Pentaerythritol 

Pentaerythritol tetranitrate 

Stearic acid salts, total 

Aluminum stearate, di 

Aluminum stearate, mono and tri 

Barium stearate 

Calcium stearate 

Lead stearate 

Magnesium stearate 

Zinc stearate 

All other 

Succinic anhydride 

Thioglycolic acid and salts 

Undecylenic acid 



1,000 
pounds 



708 

1,270 

26,930 

18,844 
144,118 
189,343 

1,905 

33,147 

678,904 

6,328 



2,525 
3,803 



556 
2,022 



778 
129 
153 
962 

555,481 

251 



113 
138 

20,726 

17,415 

413 

21,386 



5,694 

3,707 

40 

2,432 

257 

240 

7,731 

1,285 

60 

589 

91 



1,000 



1,000 
dollars 



1,347 
26,439 

20,598 



542 
3,707 

1,719 



180,437 

1,671 
31,263 



28,191 



1,743 
3,355 



5,923 



1,563 



2,443 
3,480 



489 
1,868 



408 
1,155 



133 
676 



720 
135 
143 
870 

374,848 

259 



431 
51 
52 

142 

12,672 
71 



112 

147 

20,594 

14,616 

387 

15,668 



36 
35 

2,445 

4,831 

268 

6,570 



4,859 

1,236 

26 

1,702 

214 

298 

6,289 

1,044 

19 

562 
24 



2,069 

522 

12 

622 

97 

141 

2,873 

234 

32 

123 

54 



1 Includes data for di-o-tolylthiourea and dicresyldithiophosphoric acid and salts. 

2 Includes data for azobenzene, benzyl thiocyanate, chlordane, 4, 6-dinitrophenol and derivatives, 
methoxy DDT, 4, 6-dinitro-o-cresol and sodium salt, piperonylcyclohexanone and butoxide, xanthone, 
and others. 

' Data reported by manufacturers of paint driers. Quantities are given on the basis of solid naph- 
thenate, resinate, or linoleate content. 

* Includes data for interpolymers of styrene and maleic anhydride, and formaldehyde condensates of 
naphthalene-, naphthol-, phenol-, and sulfonyldiphenolsulfonic acids. 

^ Includes acetone made from natural gas. 

8 Includes fatty amine esters, dithiophosphates, and xanthates. * 

'' Includes carbonyl chloride, chloropicrin, and cyanogen chloride. 

8 Includes data for dichlorodifiuoroethane oxide, hexaethyl tetraphosphate, lorol rhodinate, thio- 
cyanates, and others. , 

• Data which were reported on the basis of 88%, 91%, 99%, etc., have been converted to 100% 
basis. 

828108—49—5 



60 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

vents, refrigerants, intermediates, and other miscellaneous chemicals, 
totaled 1.6 billion pounds, an increase of 34 percent over that in 1946; 
sales in 1947 — 750 miUion pounds — were valued at 69 million dollars. 

Among the other chemicals for which increased production was re- 
ported were isopropyl alcohol (679 million pounds, an increase of 25 
percent), acetic acid (362 million pounds, an increase of 27 percent),^' 
and acetic anhydride (632 million pounds, an increase of 21 percent). 
Important chemicals for which production statistics may not be pub- 
lished are synthetic ethyl alcohol " and tetraethyl lead. 



13 The output of recovered acetic acid, statistics for which are not included in table 23A, totaled 1.3 
billion pounds . 

'* Statistics on the production of ethyl alcohol from natural sources by fermentation are not included 
in this report. They are, however, issued monthly and annually by the Alcohol Tax Unit, Bureau of 
Internal Revenue, U. S. Treasxuy E)epartment. 



PART III. ALPHABETICAL LIST OF INDIVIDUAL PRODUCTS, 
BY GROUPS, AND MANUFACTURERS 

Part III of this report consists of a series of tables which supplement 
the statistical information given in parts I and II, and a Directory of 
Manufacturers. Tables whose numbers include the letter B are sup- 
plemental to the tables in part I or part II whose numbers are followed 
by the letter A; for example, table 8B in part III supplements table 
8 A in part II. 

Each table in part III lists alphabetically the individual items in 
each group for which data on production or sales were reported for 
1947.^ In addition, manufacturers of each product are designated by 
an identifying number given in the Directory of Manufacturers, except 
for a few companies which have specifically requested the Tariff Com- 
mission to withhold such information on certain items. The latter 
manufacturers are indicated only by the letter X. 



1 An asterisk (*) preceding the name of an item in the tables in part III indicates that separate sta- 
tistics are given for these items in tables in part I or part II. 



TAR CRUDES 

Table 4B. — Organic chemicals: Tar crvdes for which United States production or 
sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 

[Tar crudes for which separate statistics are given in table 4A are marked below with an asterisk (*) ; 
products not so marked do not appear in table 4A because the reported data are confidential and 
may not be published. Manufacturers are identified by numbers in the alphabetical list a,ppearing 
in table 24. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identi- 
fication number with the designated product. Only those manufacturers who reported to the United 
States Tarifi Commission are listed below. Coke-oven operators who reported to the Coal Economics 
Division, U. S. Bureau of Mines, are not included in table 4B] 



Product 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



•Crude light oil -- 

Light oil distillates: 
•Benzene: 

1°. 

2° 

90% 

•Motor grade 

All other 

•Toluene: 

Nitration grade, 1° 

Pure commercial grade, 2° 

•Xylene : 

3° 

10° -- 

Commercial 

All other 

•Solvent naphtha 

•All other light-oil distillates 

•Pyridine : 

Crude bases 

Semirefined or denaturing grade 



79,127,158,229,409,446. 



6,23,109,269. 

6,420. 

6. 

6,376,489. 

109.361. 

6,23,109,269,420. 
6,376. 

23,109. 

269,420. 

23,109,376. 

109,361. 

6, 23, 270, 330, 361, 376, 393, 397. 

420. 
6,109,269,361. 

270. 
6,270. 



61 



62 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 4B. — Organic chemicals: Tar crudes for which United States production or 
sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Product 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



•Naphthalene (crude), solidifying at — 

Less than 74° C 

74° to less than 76° C 

76° to less than 79° C. 

*Crude tar-acid oils, having a tar-acid content of- 
5% to less than 24% 

24% to 50%-.- 

All other 

Cresylic acid, less than 75% 

'Creosote oil (Dead oU) : 

*Sold or consumed as such 

'Sold or consumed in coal-tar solution 

•Coal tar sold or consumed in coal-tar solution. - 
All other distillate products 

•Tar, road 

•Tar, for other uses : 

Crude 

Refined 

•Pitch of tar: 

Soft, m. p. 80° to 109° F 

•Medium, m. p. 110° to 160° F. 

•Hard, m. p.: 

161° to 212° F 

213° to 230° F. 

231° to 290° F 

291° F. and other - 

•Pitch of tar coke 



123,127,361,393,420,489. 

6, 127, 243, 270, 330, 361, 376, 

393. 
6,243,270,393,409. 

6, 23, 28, 229, 248, 270, 284, 319, 

330, 393, 486. 
6,152,409. 
6,123,243. 
6,270. 

6, 23, 28, 79, 123, 127, 152, 229, 
243, 248. 270, 277, 284, 319, 
376, 393, 397, 409, 486. 

6, 152, 243, 248, 270, 284, 319j 
393. 

6, 243', 270, 284, 319, 393, 486. 

6, 79, 123, 229, 243, 270, 284, 330, 
361, 393, 397. 

6, 28, 152, 229, 243, 248, 270, 284, 
319, 376, 393, 397, 486. 

6,270,486. 

6, 28, 229, 270, 284, 393, 397, 409. 

28 319 393 

6, 79, 123, 152, 229, 248, 270, 277, 
. 284, 376, 393, 397, 409. 

6,123,270,393,397. 
6,270,376. 
6,270. 

6,243,270,284. 

6, 28, 152, 248, 270, 319, 376, 393, 
397, 486. 



CRUDE PRODUCTS FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL CAS 
FOR CHEMICAL CONVERSION 

Table 5B. — Organic chemicals: Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for 
chemical conversion for which United States production or sales were reported, identi- 
fied by manufacturer, 1947 

\ Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which separate statistics 
are given in table 5A are marked below with an asterisk (*) ; products not so marked do not appear 
in table 5A because the reported data are confidential and may not be published. Manufacturers 
are identified by numbers in the alphabetical list appearing in table 24. An X signifies that the man- 
ufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number with the designated product] 



Product 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



AROMATICS AND NAPHTHENES 

Benzene: 

2° 

90% 

All other 

CresyUc acid (less than 75% distilling over 215° C.).. 

Cyclohexane (80% to 85% by weight).. 

Methyl styrene-indene-naphthalene, crude 

Petroleum peroxides .- 

•Naphthenic acid: 

Acid number less than 150 

Acid number 150-199 

Acid number 200-224 

Acid number 225-249 

Acid number 250 or more 

Naphthenic acid, sodium salt, crude 



430,520. 

141. 

520. 

294,429,463,465,558. 

230. 

446. 

502. 

466,480,490. 

463,466,502,557. 

207,402,463,557. 

162,463,466,557. 

463. 

429,463. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



63 



Table 5B. — Organic chemicals: Crude products from 'petroleum and natural gas for 
chemical conversion for which United States production or sales were reported, identi- 
fied by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Product 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



AROMATICS AND NAPHTHENES— Continued 

•Toluene: 

Nitration grade, 1° 

Pure commercial grade, 2° 

Solvent grade, 90% 

All other 

•Xylene: 

Aviation grade 

Nitration grade, 3° 

o-Xylene, 90% or greater 

All other 

All other . 

ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS 

Ci hydrocarbons: Methane 

C2 hydrocarbons: 

Ethane 

•Ethylene -- 

•Cs hydrocarbons: 

Propane 

Propane-propylene 

Propylene 

C2 and Ca hydrocarbon mixtiure 

•C4 hydrocarbons: 

n-Butane 

Butanes, mixed 

*1 , 3-Butadiene, grade for rubber (Elastomers) 

Butadiene and butylene fraction 

1-Butene 

2-Butene 

*1-Butene and 2-butene fraction 

Isobutane 

Isobutylene 

Butylene and isobutylene 

AU other 

•Cs hydrocarbons: 

Isopentane 

Isoprene 

Isoprene and piperylene fraction 

n-Pentane 

1-Pentene 

2-Pentene 

All other 

Ce hydrocarbons: 

n-Hexane 

Isohexane 

Di-isopropyl (2, 3-Dimethylbutane) 

Neohexane (2, 2-Dimethylbutane) 

C5 and C6 hydrocarbons 

C7 hydrocarbons: 

n-Heptane 

Isoheptane 

Isoheptenes 

Cg hydrocarbons: 

Di-isobutylene 

2, 2, 4-Trimethylpentane (Iso-octane) for chemical use only 

06, C7, and Cg hydrocarbon mixture 

C9 hydrocarbons: Nonene 

Dodecene 

Polybutene 

Tri-isobutylene 

2, 2, 5-Trimethylhexane 

All other '-- 



429,436,463. 
141,230,323,520. 
230,429. 
353,520. 

463. 

429. 

429,463. 

230,353,429,520. 

446. 



85,367. 

85,490. 
85,141,142,323,466,490. 

44,85,353,367,402,480,481. 
490. 

85,141,142,367,430,466. 
465. 

85,367,480,481. 

490. 

85, 106, 141, 231, 329, 368, 428, 

437,464,466. 
141,446. 
367. 
367. 
44, 207, 231, 353, 430, 466, 481, 

490. 
85,367,480. 
231,430,466. 
205,379. 
480. 

367. 

466. 

446. 

367. 

367. 

367,424. 

44,367,424. 

367. 
367. 
367. 
367. 
141. 

367. 
367. 
367. 

44,162,353,427,430. 

230,367. 

141. 

120. 

120. 

463,465. 

44. 

367. 

230,427,465. 



64 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION" 



INTERMEDIATES 

Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 

[Cyclic intermediates for which separate statistics are given in table 7A are marked below with an 
asterisk (*) ; cyclic intermediates not so marked do not appear in table 7A because the reported data 
are confidential and may not be published. Manufacturers are identified by numbers in the alpha- 
betical list appearing in table 24. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the pub- 
hcation of his identification number with the designated product) 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



Acenaphthylene ( Acenaphthene) 

5-Acetamido-2-aminoben2enesulf onic acid- - — 

5-Acetamido-8-amino-2-naphthalene sulfonic acid 

2-Acetamido-3-chloroanthraquinone 

2-Acetamido-3-chloro-9,10-dihydro-9,10-anthradiol-9,10-disulfonic 
acid, diethyl ester. 

5- Acetamido-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid 

l-Acetamido-7-naphthol 

5-Acetamido-8-nitro-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid 

5-Acetaniidosalicylic acid 

*Acetanilide, tech 

p-Acetaniside (Acetyl-p-anisidine) 

•Acetate leuco violet (l,4-Diamino-2,3-dihydroanthraquinone) 

Acetoacetanilide 

o-Acetoacetaniside 

Acetoaceto-1-naphthylamide 

o-Acetoacetotoluide 

Acetophenyl benzoate 

o-Acetotoluide 

•p-Acetotoluide 

Acetylchlorocatechol (Chlor-aceto-pyrocatechol) 

N-Acetylsulfanilamide (Sulf anilyl-acetamide) 

•N-Acetylsulfanilyl chloride (p-Acetamidobenzenesulfonyl chloride) . 

Acetylsulf athiazole 

Acridine 

•p-Aminoacetanilide ( Acetyl-p-phenylenediamine) 

m-Aminoacetophenone — 

5-Amino-2-(4-amino-m-toluino)benzenesulfonic acid 

•5-Amino-2-anilinobenzene8ulf onic acid 

6-(p-AminoaniUno)metanilic acid (Phenylene Nerol acid) 

•2- (p-Aminoanilino) -5-nitrobenzenesulf onic acid 

*l-Aminoanthra<iuinone and salt 

•2-Aminoanthraquinone and salt 

l-Aminoanthraquinone-2-sulf onic acid 

4-Aminoantipyrine ( Aminopyrazolone) _ 

*6-Aniino-3,4'-azobis(benzenesulfonic acid) 

4-Aminoazotoluene-4 '-sulfonic acid 

8-Amino-l,2-benzacridin-7(12)-one 

p-Aminobenzaldehyde 

l-Amino-4-benzamidoanthraquinone 

l-Amino-5-benzamidoanthraquinone _ 

•6-(m-Aminobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (m-Aminoben- 

zoyl J acid). ,,»•,_ 

•6-(p-Aniinobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (p-Aminoben- 

zoyl J acid). 

•2-Amino-p-benzenedisulf onic acid — 

m-Aminobenzoic acid --- 

p-Aminobenzoic acid, ethyl ester (Benzocaine, intermediate grade). 

5-[a-(p-Aminobenzoyl)acetamido]isophthalic acid 

p-Aminobenzoyl-m-phenylenediamine 

m-Aminobenzyl alcohol --- 

•l-Amino-4-bromo-2-anthraquinonesulfomc acid (Bromamine acid). 

l-Amino-2-bromo-4-(p-toluino)anthraquinone 

p-Amino-N-(n-butyl) phenol 

2-Amino-4-chloroacetanihde 

2-Amino-3-chloroanthraquinone 

l-Ainino-5-chloroanthraquinone 

l-Amino-8-chloroanthraquinone 

l-Ainino-5(and 8)-chloroanthraquinone 

2-Amino-5-chlorobenzenesulfonic acid , 

3-Amino-6-chlorobenzoic acid (5-Amino-2-chlorobenzoic acid) 

l-Amino-5-chlorobenzothiazole 

l-Amino-5-chlorobenzothiazole hydrochloride 

o-(3-Amino-4-chlorobenzoyl)benzoic acid 

Aminochlorodiphenyl ether 

l-Amino-5-chloro-4-hydroxyanthraquinqne 

4-Amino-5-chloro-2-methoxy-oxanilic acid 

2-Amino-6-chloro-4-nitrophenol 



270,393. 

189. 

X. 

189. 
189. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

1. 

104,141,189,309,323,433,488. 

8. 

42,189,214,473. 

85,504. 

189. 

366. 

85,504. 

473. 

8. 

23,433,473. 

272,547. 

313. 

23,104.313.323,433. 

323. 

8,146,393. 

8,104,146,189.488. 

473. 

189. 

8,104,189. 

146. 

8,19,63,96,104,189,366. 

8,19,23,42,146,189.308. 

8,23,146.189. 

8,189. 

547. 

8,19,96,104,146. 

63. 

146. 

177. 

189. 

189. 

8, 19, 146, 189, 366, X. 

8,19,96,104,146,189,366. 

8,104,146,189. 

8. 

146,547. 

189. 

146. 

146. 

8,146,189. 

42,146. 

146. 

189. 

189. 

8,146. 

8,146. 

8. 

19,146. 

104. 

146. 

146. 

189. 

366. 

189. 

189. 

189. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



65 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



2-Ainino-4-clilorophenol . 

2-Amino-4-chloro-l-phenol-6-sulf onic acid ." 

•2-Amino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid (Lake red C amine) 

6-Amino-4-chloro-m-toluenesulf onic acid 

2-Amino-p-cresol 

*l-Amino-2,4-dibromoanthraquinone 

2-Amino-l .S-dibromoanthraquinone 

4'-Amino-2' ,5'-diethoxybenzanilide 

2- Amino-5-(N,N-diethylamino) toluene hydrochloride 

3- Amino-5-(4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxopyrazolyl)-p-toluenesulf on- 
ic acid. 

l-Amino-2,5-dimethoxybenzonitrile 

3-Aiiiino-N,N-dimethyl-p-toluenesulfonaniide 

2-Aniino-3,o-dinitrobenzenesuIf onethylamide 

4-Amino-5-ethoxymethyl-2-methylpyrimidine 

5-Amuio-6-ethoxy-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid 

2-(p-Amino-N-ethylaiulino)ethanol 

p-Amino-N-ethyl-N-1-naphthylbenzamide 

m-Aminof ormanilide 

3-Amino-2-hydroxyanthTaquinone 

3-Amino-4-hydroxybenzenearsomc acid 

3-Amino-6-hydroxy-2-methylphenazine (Tolazine base) 

l-Amino-4-methoxyanthraquinone 

S-Amino-G-methoxyquinoUne (Amichin) 

4-Amino-N-methy lacetanilide 

3-Amino-2-methyl-5-(aminomethyI)-4-(methoxymethyl) pyridine 
dihydrochloride. 

4'-Amino-6'-methylbenzaniside 

2-Ainino-4-methyldiazine 

8-Amino-7-methyl-2-phenazinol 

4-Amino-2-methyl-pyrimidine-5-bromomethyl dihydrobromine 

4'-Amino-5'-methyl-p-toluenesulfon-o-amside 

l-Amino-2-methyl-4-(p-toluLno)anthraquinone 

2-Amino-l ,o-naphthalenedisulf onic acid 

*3-Amino-l ,5-naphthalenedisuLf onic acid 

*3-Amino-2,7-naphthalenedisulf onic acid 

4-Amino-l ,5-naphthalenedisulf onic acid 

4-Amino-l ,6-naphthalenedisulf onic acid 

5-Amino-2,7-naphthalenedisulfoiiic acid . 

*6-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (2-Naphthylamine-5,7- 
disulfonic acid). 

•7-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Amino G acid) 

'8- Amino-1 ,6-naphthalenedisulf onic acid 

l-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (o-Naphthionic acid) 

*5-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Laurent's acid) 

*5-Amino-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid 

'2-Amino-l-naphthalenesulf onic acid (Tobias acid) 

*5(and 8)-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Cleve's acid) 

6-Amino-l-naphthalenesulf onic acid 

*6-Amino-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid (Broeimer's acid) 

7-Amino-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid 

•8-Amino-l-naphthalenesuLf onic acid 

*8-Amino-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid 

7-Amino-l ,3,6-naphthalenetrisulf onic acid 

8-Amino-l ,3,5-naphthalenetrisulf onic acid 

8- Amino-1 ,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid 

8-Amino-l-naphthoic acid 

5-Amino-l-naphthol 

8-Amino-2-naphthol 

8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,5-disulf onic acid 

*8-Amino-l-naphthol-5,7-disulfonic acid (Chicago acid), monosodium 

Bait. 
7-Ainino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid (2R acid), monosodium 

salt. 
*8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid (H acid), monosodium salt-. 

*l-Amino-2-naphthol-4-sulf onic acid 

*6-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (J acid), sodium salt 

*7-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (Gamma acid), sodium salt 

8-Aniino-l-naphthol-5-sulfonic acid (S acid), sodium salt 

*2-Amino-5-nitrobenzenesulfomc acid 

*2-Amino-4-nitrophenol 

2-Amino-5-nitrophenol 

4-Amino-2-nitrophenol 

2-Amino-4-mtro-l-phenol-6-sulf onic acid 

2-Amino-6-nitro-l-phenol-4-sulf onic acid 

3-Amino-5-nitro-p-toluenesuLf onic acid 

m-A minophenol 



104. 

8,96,104,189. 

23,63,225,433,467,473. 

146,473. 

104. 

8,42,146,189. 

146. 

189. 

146. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

488. 

313. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

8,189. 

1,547. 

8,104. 

146. 

547. 

8,189. 

313. 

189. 

23. 

189. 

313. 

189. 

42,146. 

63,473. 

8,104,146,189. 

8,104,146. 

8,146. 

8. 

63 , 189 . 

8,104,146,189. 

8,23,146,189,433. 

8,104,146. 

146. 

8,23,96,104,146,189. 

8,104,146,189. 

23 , 104 , 235 , 433 , 467 , 473 . 

8,23,104,146,189. 

146. 

8,31,104,235,433. 

189. 

8,96,146,189. 

8,104,146,189. 

8,189. 

146,189. 

8,104,189. 

189. 

8,189. 

146,189. 

189. 

8,104,146. 

8,146,189. 

8,104,146,189,323. 

8,23,104,146,153,189. 

8,19,23,63,96,104,146,189. 

8,19,23,63,104,146,189. 

8,146. 

8,104,146. 

8,23,96,146,189. 

189,473. 

104. 

104,189. 

189. 

189. 

153. 



66 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



•o-Aminophenol 

*p-Aminophenol and salts 

2-Amino-l-phenol-4-sulf onamide 

•2-Amino-l-phenol-4-sulfonic acid . . 

m-(p-Aminophenylazo)benzenesulfomc acid 

*p-(p-Aminophenylazo)benzenesulf onic acid 

5(and 8)-Amino-8(and 5)-phenylazo-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

4-Amino-a-phenyl-m-cresol hydrochloride 

2-(p-Aminophenyl)-6-methylbenzothiazole 

l-(m-Aminophenyl)-5-pyrazolone-3-carboxylic acid (m-Amino- 
phenylpyrazolonecarboxylic acid) . 

2-(p-Atninophenyl)-l-octdecyl-5-benzimidazolesulf onic acid 

p-Cp-Amino-o-phenylsulfonic acid azo)benzenesulfomc acid 

2-Aminopyridine 

2-Aminopyrimidine 

5- Aminosalicylic acid 

5-Aininosaligenin 2-methyl ether 

*2-(4-Amino-3-sulf ophenyl)-6-methyl-5-benzothiazolesulfomc acid. . 

*2-Aminothiazole 

l-Amino-4-toluenesulfonamidoanthraquinone-2-sulf onic acid 

5-Amino-o-toluenesulf onanilide _. 

2-Amino-p-toluene8ulf onic acid 

*4-Aniino-m-toluenesulf onic acid 

5-Amino-o-toluenesulfonic acid 

2-(4-Amino-m-toluino)-5-nitrobenzene8ulfonic aeid 

4.(4-Amino-m-tolylazo)-m-toluenesulfomc acid (o-Aminoazotoluene- 

sulfonic acid) and salt. 
16-Aminoviolanthrone 

•2-Amino-3,5-xylene8ulfonic acid (m-Xylidenesulfonic acid) 

Amylnaphthalenes 

o-Amylphenol 

p-sec-Amylphenol 

r)-tert-AmylphenoI 

tert- Amylphenol sulfide 

•Aniline (Aniline oil) 

Aniline salts 

1 -AniUno-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid ' 

2-AniUnoethanol (Phenylethanolamine) 

•Anilinomethanesulfonic acid (Aniline omega sulfonic acid) and salt. 
6-AniUno-2-methoxymetanilic acid 

•8-Anilino-l -naphthalenesulf onic acid 

*6-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (Phenyl J acid) 

*7-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (Phenyl gamma acid) 

2-Anilino-5-nitrobenzenesulf onic acid 

Anisic acid 

o-Anisidine 

*p-Anisidine 

o-Anisidine nitrate . — 

*o-Anisidinomethanesulfonic acid (o-Anisidine-omega-sulfonic acid) . 

2-p-Anisidino-5-nitrobenzenesulf onic acid 

Anisoin (4,4'-Dimethoxybenzoin) 

Anisole, tech 

Anisonitrile 

Anisoyl chloride 

a-(p-Anisyl)-a-ethyl-p-methoxyacetophenone 

a-Cp-Anisyl)-p-methoxyacetophenone 

N-(m-Anisyl)-4-chloroanthranilic acid, potassium salt 

N-(p-Anisyl) -4-nitroanthranilic acid 

N-(p-Aiiisyl)-p-phenylenediamine 

Anthracene, refined 

Anthraflavic acid (2, 6-Dihydroxyanthraquinone) 

6-Anthra[l ,9]isothiazole-3-carbonyl chloride 

Anthranilic acid (o-Aminobenzoic acid) 

Anthra[ 1 ,9]pyrazol-6 (2)-one (Pyrazolan throne) 

Anthraquinone, 100% 

N,N'-(1 ,5-Anthraquinone)dioxamic acid 

•Anthraquinone-1 ,5-disulf onic acid 

Anthraquinone-l ,8-disulf onic acid, potassium salt 

Anthraquinone-1,5 and 1,8-disulfonic acid and salt 

*Anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonic acid and salt 

•1-Anthraquinonesulfonic acid and salt 

2-Anthraquinonesulfonic acid and salt (Silver salt) 

3-(l-Anthraquinonylamino)-7-benz (de)anthracen-7-one 

• Anthrarufin (1 ,5-Dihydroxyanthraquinone) 

Arsanilic acid and salt 

Arsphenamine, tech 

Azobenzene 



58.153,168,323,522. 

23,146,153,522,551. 

104. 

8, 63, 104, 146, 189, X. 

19,104,146. 

8,23,63,96,104,189,366. 

104. 

153. 

8,146. 

8,146. 

X. 

366. 

384,393. 

23. 

19,104. 

146. 

8,104,146,189. 

23,104,313,323. 

189. 

189. 

146. 

8,23,104,146,366,433.473. 

146,189. 

X. 

8. 

189 

8,146,529. 

424. 

424. 

424. 

424. 

424. 

8, 23, 141, 146, 309, 323, 507, X. 

7,23,313. 

146. 

85. 

8,23,63,96.146.189,366. 

104. 

8,23,146.189. 

8, 19, 96, 104, 146, 189, 366, X. 

8,19,96,104,146,189,366. 

189. 

183, X. 

146,323. 

8,146,323,473. 

189. 

8,96,146,366. 

189. 

286. 

153.177. 

X. 

X. 

286. 

286. 

473. 

473. 

189. 

393. 

189. 

146. 

8,141,146. 

146,189. 

8,23,146,189. 

189. 

8,23,146,189. 

146. 

42. 

8,23,146,189. 

8,19,23,42,104,146,189,308. 

8,19,146. 

146,189,227. 

8,23,42,96,104,146,189. 

1,272,313. 

547. 

8,153,X. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



67 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates jor which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



Azoxybenzene 

Azoxydianiline (Azoxybisaniline) 

•Benzaldehyde, tech 

. Benzamide 

l-Benzamido-4-aminoanthraquinone 

4-Benzamido-6',5(N)-benzacridine-l ,l'-dianthrimide 

l-Benzamido-4-chloroanthraquinone 

•l-Benzamido-5-chloroanthraquinone 

l-Benzamido-5-chloro-4-methoxyanthraquinone 

2-[3-(4-Benzamido-2,5- diethoxypheny l)-l-methyldiazoamino]- 

ethanesulfonic acid. 
2-[3-(4-Benzamido-2,5-dimethoxyphenyI)-l-methyldiazoamino]- 
ethanesulfonic acid. 

6-Benzamido-4-methoxy-3-(p-toluenesulfonamido) toluene 

[3-(4-Benzamido-6-methoxy-m-tolyl)-l-methyldiazoamino]a c e t i c 

acid. 
8-Benzamido-l-naphthol-3,5-disulf onic acid 

•6-Benzamido-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid 

*7-Benz[de]anthracen-7-one (Benzanthrone) 

5-(3-Benzanthronylamino)-3'-methyl-l,2'-dianthriinide 

m-Benzenedisulfonic acid and sodium salt 

Benzenesulfinic acid 

Benzenesulf onamide - 

Benzenesulfonic acid and sodium salt 

Benzenesulf onyl chloride 

Benzidine, base 

•Benzidine hydrochloride and sulfate 

2-Benzofurylcyanomethyl ketone 

Benzohydrol (Diphenylmethanol) 

•Benzoic acid, tech 

Benzoic anhydride 

Benzoin 

Benzonitrile 

Benzo(f )quinaldine 

a-Benzoylacetanilide 

*o-Benzoylbenzoic acid 

Benzoyl chloride 

Benzyl alcohol, tech 

Benzyl disulfide 

Benzyl ether (Dibenzyl ether) 

*4-(N-Benzyl-N-ethylamino)-o-toluenesulfonic acid 

N-Benzyl-N-ethyl-m-toluidine -_ 

4-Benzy lidineaminoantipyrine (Benzylidineaminopyrazolone) 

p,p'-Benzylidinebis(N,N-diethylaniline) (Tetraethyldiaminotri- 

phenylmethane) . 
p,p'-Benzylidinebis(N,N-dimethylaniline) (Tetramethyldiamino- 
tripheny Imethane) . 

Benzylphenol, o- and p- 

p, p'-BiacetoacetanUide 

(3,3'-Bi-7-benz[de]anthracen)-7,7'-dione 

(4,4'-Bi-7-benz[de]anthracen)-7,7'-dione 

1, l'-Binaphthalene-8,8'-dicarboxylic acid 

Biphenyl 

o-Biphenylamine (2-Aminobi phenyl) 

5,8-Bis (p-aminobenzamido)-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid 

1 ,4-Bis( l-anthraquinonylamino)anthraquinone 

3,9-Bis(l-anthraquinonylamino)-7-benz[de]anthracen-7-one 

p,p'-Bis(diethyIamino)benzophenone (Ethyl ketone base) 

2,7-Bis (dimethylamino) acridine hydrochloride 

*p,p'-Bis(dimethyIamino) benzohydrol (Michler's hydrol) 

*p,p'-Bis(dimethylamino)benzophenone (Michler's ketone) 

Bis(p-diniethylanunophenyl)methanesulfonic acid and salt 

5,8-Bis(p-nitrobenzamido) -2-naphthalenesulf onic acid 

m-Bromoacetylphenyl benzoate 

*3-Bromo-7-benz[de]anthracen-7-one -_ 

l-(6'-Bromo-Bz-l'-benzanthronyl)aminoanthraquinone 

Bromobenzene , mono 

2-Broniodibenzofuran 

2-Bromo-4,6-dinitroaniline 

l-Bromo-4-(N-methylacetamido)anthraquinone 

4-Bromo-l-methylaminoanthraquinone 

2-Bromo-3-methylanthraquinone 

6-Bromo-3-methyl-7-dibenz[f ,i,j] i s o q u i n o 1 i n e-2,7(3)-dione (4- 
Bromo-N-methyl-l ,9-anthrapyridone) . 

1-Bromonaphthalene 

p-Bromophenol 

2-Bromo-4-phenylphenol 



189,366. 

58,222,305,489. 

153. 

8. 

146. 

23,146,189. 

8,146,189. 

189. 

X. 

X. 

189. 
X. 

189. 

63,96,104. 

8,19,23,42,146,189,360. 

146. 

146. 

189. 

552. 

6,153,323. 

153,552. 

8,146. 

8, 23, 91, 104, 146, 153, 177, 189 

X. 

184. 

80, 222, 227, 323, 518, X. 

227. 

153,177,313. 

153. 

146. 

X. 

8,23,146,189. 

222,227. 

58,435,473. 

177. 

435. 

8,146,189. 

8,146. 

547. 

149. 

149. 

323. 

366. 

146. 

146,189. 

189. 

141,323. 

323. 

189. 

189,308. 

8,189. 

146,149,473. 

366. mn 

8,146,149,189. 

8,146,149,473. 

8. 

X. 

473. 

8,19,146,189. 

146. 

141. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

42,189. 

146. 

189. 

115,153,177. 

141. 

141. 



68 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 194-7 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



sec-Butylbenzene 

Butyl-m-cresol 

tert-Butylcresol 

3-tert-Butyl-p-cymene 

6-tert-Butyl-2,4-dimethylacetophenone 

N'-Butyl-4-methoxy metanilamide 

2-tert-Butyl-5-niethylanisole 

N-n-Butyl-1-naphthylamine 

p-tert-Butylphenol 

5-n-Butylsulifamyl-o-acetaniside 

5-tert-ButyI-m-xylene ( 1 ,3-Dimethyl-5-tert-butylbenzene) 

Carbazole, refined 

1 ,3,6,7-Carbazoletetrasulfonic acid 

N,N'-Carbonylbis(4-methoxymetanilic acid) 

N, N '-Carbonylbis(4-methoxy-6-nitrometanilic acid) 

o,o'-Carbonyldioxydibenzoic acid, diethyl ester (Ethyl salicyl car- 
bonate). 

*3-Carboxy-2(and 4) -hydroxy benzenediazonium sulfate 

Chelidamic acid 

Chelidonic acid 

Chloranil (Tetrachloroquinone) 

p-Chloroacetanilide 

o-ChloroacetoacetaniUde 

p-ChloroacetoacetaniUde 

Chloroacetylcatechol (Chlor-aceto-pyrocatechol) 

m-Chloroaniline 

o-ChloroaniUne 

p-Chloroaniline 

2-(Chloroanihno)ethanol (/3-Hydroxyethyl-o-chloroaniline) 

*4-Chloro-o-anisidine 

3-Chloro-2-anthracenecarboxylic acid 

*1 -Chloroanthraquinone 

*2-Chloroanthraquinone 

l-Chloro-2-anthraquinonecarboxy Kg acid 

o-Chlorobenzaldehyde 

p-Chlorobenzaldehyde 

2-Chlorobenzaldehyde-5-sulf onic acid 

Chloro-7-benz[de]anthracen-7-one(Chlorobenzanthrone) 

*Chlorobenzene, mono 



p-Chlorobenzenesulf onic acid 

o-Chlorobenzoic acid 

p-Chlorobenzoic acid 

2-Chlorobenzothiazole 

*o-(ni-Chlorobenzoyl)benzoic acid 

o-(p-Chlorobenzoyl)benzoic acid 

o-Chlorobenzoyl chloride 

6-Chloro-m-cresol 

5-Chloro-2,4-dimethoxyaniline 

6-Chloro-l ,3-dimethoxy-4-nitrobenzene 

*l-Chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene 

2-ChIoro-3,5-dinitrobenzenesulf onethylamide 

2-Chloro-3,5-dinitrobenzenesulfomc acid 

2-Chloro-3,5-dimtrobenzenesulf onyl chloride 

6-Chloro-2,4-dinitrophenol 

4-Chloro-5-ethoxymethyl-2-methylpyrimidine 

2-Chloro-N-ethyl-5-nitrobenzenesuIf onanilide 

2-Chloroethyl-p-toluenesulf onate 

5-Chloro-2-f ormylbenzenesulf onic acid 

4-Chloro-3-hydrazinobenzenesulf onic acid 

5-Chloro-8-hydroxyquinoline 

4-ChlorometaniUc acid 

5-Chlorometanilic acid 

6-Chloronietanilic acid 

2-Chloro-4-(methoxymethyl)-6-methyl-5-nitronicotinitrile 

[3-(5-Chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)-l-methyldiazoamino]acetic acid. 

*l-Chloro-2-methylanthraquinone 

5-Chloro-2-methylbenzimidazole 

Chloronaphthalenes 

8-Chloro-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfomc acid (Chloro H acid) 

4-Chloro-2-nitroacetanilide 

•2-Chloro-4-nitroaniline 

*4-Chloro-2-mtroaniline 

l-Chloro-5-nitroanthraquinone 

l-Chloro-8-nitroanthraquinone 

l-Chloro-5 and 8-nitroanthraquinone 

Chloro-m-nitrobenzene 



270. 

269. 

183,323. 

X. 

X. 

189. 

X. 

323. 

49,141. 

189. 

X. 

146,. 393. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

141. 

8,146,189. 

313. 

313. 

507. 

189. 

85,504. 

146. 

547. 

189,323,473. 

323,522. 

323,473. 

488. 

23,146,227,522. 

189. 

8,23,42,146,189,308. 

8,23,189. 

8,146. 

8,146,222. 

222. 

473. 

8 23 

9! 16^ 141, 146, 148, 199, 222. 227. 

269,323,362. 
189. 
222. 
222. 
153. 

8,23,146. 
189. 
227. 
6. 

189. 
189. 

8,23,146,189,323. 
488. 
189,488. 
488. 
189. 
313. 
8,189. 
X. 
189. 
189. 
104. 
8. 

146. 
189. 
313. 
X. 

8,23,146,189. 
189. 

49,227,501. 
8. 

189. 

19,23,31,141,146. 
8.141,146,522. 
8,146. 
8,146. 
8. 
146,189,323,473. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



69 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



Chloro-o-nitrobenzene 

Chloro-p-nitrobenzene 

Chloronitrobenzene, o- and p- . 

4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulf onamide 

2-Chloro-4-nitrobenzenesulf onic acid 

2-Chloro-5-mtrobenzenesulf onic acid 

4-Chloro-2-nitrobenzenesulf onic acid 

4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulf onic acid 

4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulf onyl chloride 

2-Chloro-4-nitrobenzoic acid 

2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzoic acid 

o-(4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzoyl)benzoic acid 

Chloronitrodiphenyl ether 

4-Chloro-2-nitrophenol 

4-Chloro-2-nitro-l-phenol-6-sulf onic acid 

2-Chloro-4-nitrotoluene 

4-Chloro-2-nitrotoluene 

6-Chloro-2-nitrotoluene 

o-Chlorophenol 

p-Chlorophenol 

4-Chloro-o-phenylenedianiine 

2-Chloro-p-pheny lenediamine sulfate 

2-Chloro-6-phenylphenol, sodium salt 

2-[l-(m-Chlorophenyl) triazeno]-4-sulf obenzoic acid 

p-Chloropropionanilide 

2-Chloroquinizarin 

2-Chloro-5-sulf obenzoic acid 

l-(6-Chloro-3-sulfophenyl)-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone 

2-ChloroterephthaloyI-o-benzoic acid 

*a-Chlorotoluene (Benzyl chloride) 

m-Chlorotoluene 

o-Chlorotoluene 

p-Chlorotoluene 

5-Chloro-o-toluenesulfonic acid and salt 

3-Chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid and salt 

3-Chloro-o-toluidine 

3-Chloro-p-toluidine 

•4-Chloro-o-toluidine (2-Amino-4-ChlQrotoluene) (Red KB base) — 

4-Chloro-o-toluidine hydrochloride 

5-Chloro-o-toluidine (2-Amino-5-chlorotoluene) (Fast red TR base) 

o-(3-Chloro-p-tolyl)benzoic acid 

Chloro-o-tolylmercaptoacetic acid 

•4-Chloro-o-tolylmercaptoacetic acid 

l-(5-Chloro-o-tolyl)-3-methyl-3-triazenoacetic acid 

4-Chloro-a,a,oi-trifluoro-3-nitrotoluene 

2-Chloro-p-xylene 

4-Chloro-3,5-xylenol 

4-Chloro-2,5-xylidine 

4-Chloro-2 ,5-xylylmercaptoacetic acid 

Chrysazin (1 ,8-Dihydroxyanthraquinone) 

5-CoUidine (2,4,6-Trimethylpyridine) 

*Cresols: 

*m-Cresol 

*o-Cre8ol 

*p-Creaol 

*Cresol (meta, para) 

•Cresol (ortho, meta, para) 

2,3-Cre80tic acid 

Cresyl disulfide (Dicresyl disulfide) 

Cresylic acid, hydrogenated 

•CresyUc acid, refined 

8-Cyano-l-naph thai en esulf onic acid 

Cyclohexane 

Cyclohexanol 

Cyclohexanone 

Cyclohexanone oxime ' 

Cyclohexene 

Cyclohexylacetic acid 

Cyclohexylamine 

Cyclohexylhydroxybenzoic acid 

Cymene 

Decylbenzene 

1,5- and 1,8-Diacetoamidoanthraquinone (Acetyldiaminoanthra- 
quinone). 

1 ,4-Diamino-9,10-anthradiol 

1 ,4-Diaminoanthraquinone 

1,5-Diaminoantbraquinone 



146,323. 

8,19,146,323. 

8,323. 

488. 

8,104. 

63,96,146,189. 

104. 

8,189. 

488. 

19,473. 

104. 

189. 

366. 

104,146,189. 

104. 

146. 

8,146,189. 

146. 

141,323. 

141,323. 

168. 

168. 

141. 

189. 

189. 

8,42. 

189,366. 

146,189. 

189. 

58,222,227,323. 

189,227. 

8,146,222. 

189,222. 

189. 

146,323,433. 

146,189. 

146. 

8,23,146,189. 

146. 

8. 

189. 

214. 

8,146,189. 

189. 

X. 

189. 

6. 

146. 

189. 

146,189. 

393. 

6, 269, 393, X. 

6,23,270,393. 

6,222,433. 

6,23,270,393,397. 

6,23,270,393,397. 

141,146. 

507. 

227. 

6,23,270,393,402,429,463. 

189. 

141,146,367,429. 

6,141,146,227. 

6,146. 

146. 

141. 

141. 

323. 

286. 

227,331. 

323. 

19. 

146. 

8,146,189. 

42,104,146,189. 



70 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identificatioQ 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



*2,6-Dianiinoanthraquinone 

1 .5- and 1 ,8-Diaminoanthraquinone 

4,8-Dianiinoanthrarufin 

4,4'-Diaminobenzanilide 

*2,4-Diaininobenzenesulf onic acid 

2,5-Diaminobenzenesulfonic acid 

4,4'-Dianiino-2 ,2'-biphenyldisulf onic acid 

*4,4'-Diamino-3,3'-biphenyldisulf onic acid 

*2,2'-Diamino-5,5'-bi-m-toluenesuLfonic acid (4,4'-Diainino-3,3'- 
dimethyl-5,5'-bisbenzenesulf onic acid) . 

m.m'-Diaminocarbanilide 

Diaminodibenzoylurea 

3,6-Diamino-2,7-dimethylacridan 

4,4'-Diamino-5,5'-dimethyl-2,2'-biphenyldisulfomc acid 

*4,4'-Diaminodiphenylamine-2-sulf onic acid 

4,4'-Diaminodiphenyl sulf one 

6-Diamino-l-naphthol-3-sulfomc acid (Amino J acid) 

* N ,N '-Di ( m-aminophenyl) oxamide (Oxalyl-m-pheny lenediamine) . . 

N , N '-Di (p-aminopheny 1) oxamide (Oxalyl-p-phenylenediamine) 

2 ,6-Diaminopyridine 

*4,4'-Diamino-2,2'-8tilbenedisulf onic acid 

2,4-Diamino-m-toluenesulf onic acid 

2,4-Di-sec-amylphenol 

2,4-Di-tert-amylphenol . - 

1 ,5-D ianilinoanthraquinone-o,o'-dicarboxy lie acid 

2,4-Dianilino-l-hydroxyanthraquinone 

1,5-Dibenzamidoanthraquinone 

*4,5'-Dibenzamido-l , I'-iminodianthraquinone 

5,5'-Dibenzamido-l,l',5,l'-trianthrimide 

Dibenzof uran 

2-Dibenzof uranol 

1 ,5-DibenzoyInaphthalene 

N,N-Dibenzylsulfanilic acid and sodium salt 

Dibromo-diamido-ditoluido-anthraquinone 

3,9-Dibromo-7-benz(de)anthracen-7-one 

p-Dibromobenzene 

2',7'-Dibromofluorescein 

7, 1 6-Dibromoindanthrene (1,2-1 ,2-Hydrazinedibromoanthraqu i- 
none) . 

2.6- D i b r o m o-l,5-naplithalenediol (2,6-Dibromo-l,5-dihydroxy- 
naphthalene). 

4,6-Di-t ert-butyl-m-cresol 

Di-tert-butyl-o-cresol 

2,6-Di-tert-butyl-p-cresol 

*2,5-Dichloroaniline and hydrochloride 

1 ,5-Dichloroanthraquinone 

1 ,8-Dichloroanthraquinone 

1 ,5 and 1 ,8-Dichloroanthraquinone 

*o-Dichlorobenzene 

*p-Dichlorobenzene 



o- and p- Dichlorobenzene 

*3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine and sulfate. 



2,4-Dichlorobenzoic acid 

1 ,8-Dichloro-4,5-dinitroanthraquinone 

2,5-Dichloro-4-hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid 

6 ,9-Dichloro-2-methoxyacridine 

Dichloronaphthalene 

2,4-Dichloro-l-naphthol 

*1 ,4-Dichloro-2-nitrobenzene 

2,4-Dichlorophenol 

2,5-Dichlorophenylhydrazine 

l-(2,5-Dichlorophenyl)-5-pyrazolone-3-carboxylic acid (Dichloro- 

phenylpjTazolonecarboxylic acid) . 
o-(3,5-Dichlorosahcyloyl)benzoic acid (Dichlorohydroxybenzoyl- 
benzoic acid). 

*l-(2,5-Dichloro-4-sulfophenyl)-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone 

1 - (2 , 5-Dichloro-4-suIf ophenyl) -5-oxo-2-pyrazoU ne-3-carboxylic acid . 

*2,5-Dichlorosulfanilic acid 

a.a-DichlorotoIuene (Benzal chloride) 

2,4-Dichlorotoluene 

2 ,6-Dichlorotoluene 

Dicyclohexy lamine 

Dicyclopentadiene 

2,5-Diethoxyaniline 

2', 5 '-Diethoxybenzanilide 



8,23,146,189. 

19,42,146. 

146. 

189. 

8,104,146,189. 

96,104. 

189. 

19,23,96,104,366. 

8,19,96,104,366. 

96,146. 

366. 

189. 

189,366. 

8,19,63,96,104,189,554. 

1,8. 

19. 

8,96,146,366. 

146. 

384. 

8,146,189. 

8. 

424. 

269,424. 

8,146,189. 

42. 

189. 

8,23,146,189. 

146. 

393. 

189. 

42,189. 

189,366. 

42. 

8,189. 

141. 

473. 

146. 

X. 

269. 

177. 

183,269. 

8,104,146,227,323,522. 

8,146,189. 

146,189. 

8,42. 

9,141,146,177,227,444,461. 

9, 141, 146, 177, 199, 227, 323, 

444, 461 . 
148 323. 
91, 104, "l46, 189, 214, 235, 433, 

473. 
222. 
146. 

104,189. 
547. 
227. 
146. 

8,104,227,521. 
141,323. 
366. 
366. 

8,42. 

63,96,104,146,189,366. 

189. 

8,63,146,189,366. 

222,227. 

222. 

146. 

323. 

446. 

146,189. 

189. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



71 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947^Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



p-Diethoxybenzene 

2',5'-Diethoxy-4'-nitrobenzaniUde 

1 ,4-Diethoxy-2-nitrobenzene 

2,5-Diethoxy-2-nitrobenzene 

Diethylaminobenzaldehyde 

N-(p-Diethylaminobenzylidene)anLline-o-sulf onic acid 

N-DiethylaminoisopentyI-8-aniino-6-methoxyquinoline base (Plas 
mochin base). 

N,N-Diethyl-3-aminophenol 

N,N-Diethylaniline 

Diethylbenzene . 

N,N-Diethyl-p-diazoaniline 

N,N-Diethylmetanilic acid 

N',N'-Diethyl-4-methoxymetanilamide 

N,N-Diethyl-p-nitrosoaniline 

N,N-Diethyl-p-phenylenediamine 

N,N-Diethyl-p-phenyIenediamine hydrochloride 

Diethylstilbestrol dimethyl ether 

5-Diethylsulfamy 1-o-acetaniside 

N8,N5-Diethyl-2,5-toluenediamine hydrochloride 

N,N-Diethyl-m-toluidine 

l,2-Dihydro-4-(methoxymethyl)-6-methyl-2-oxo-nicotinitrile 

l,2-Dihydro-4-(methoxymethyl)-6-methyl-5-nitro-2-oxo-nicotinitrile 
3-(4,5-Dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxy-l-pyrazoIyl)-5- n i t r o - p -toluenesu 1- 
fonic acid. 

m-[Di-(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]acetanLlide 

N,N-Di(hydroxyethyl)aniUne 

N,N-Di (^-hydroxyethyl) -m-toluidine 

*4,5-Dihydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Chromotropic acid) 

*4,5-Dihydroxy-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Dioxy S acid) 

4,6-Dihydroxy-2-naphthaIenesulfonic acid 

6,7-Dihydroxy-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid 

3,5-Dihydroxy-2-naphthoic acid 

2,4-Dihydroxyquinoline 

16, 17-Dihydroxy violanthrone (Dihydroxydibenzanthrone) 

Di-isobutyl-o-cresol 

2,5-Dimethoxyaniline 

p-Dimethoxybenzene 

3,3'-Dimethoxybenzidine 

2,2'-[3,3'-(3,3'-Dimethoxy-4,4'-biphenylene)bis(l-methyldiazoami- 
no)]-di(ethanesulfonic acid). 

3,4-Dimethoxymandelonitrile benzoate 

2,5-Dimethoxy-4-nitroaniline 

1 ,4-Dimethoxy-2-nitrobenzene 

3,4-Dimethoxyphenethylamine homoveratrate 

N-(3,4-Dimethoxyphenylacetyl)-3,4-dimethoxyphenethylamine 

3,4-Dimethoxy-a-toluic acid nitrile 

4-(p-Dimethylaminoanilino) - 1-naphthol 

1 ,4-Dimethy Iamino-9, 10-anthradiol 

p-Dimethylaminobenzaldehyde 

N-(p-Dimethylaminophenyl)-l ,4-naphthoquinoneimine 

*N,N-Dimethylaniline 

*2,2'-Dimethyl-l , l-bianthraquinone 

Dimethyl-l,3-cyclohexanedione (Dimethyldihydroresorcinol) 

N,N-Dimethyloyclohexylamine 

N, N-Dimethyl-p-diazoaniline salt 

2',7'-Dimethylfluoran 

2,7-Dimethyl-N-glyceryltetrahydroquinoline 

2,8-Dimethyl-13|8-hydroxy-9 (13^)-ceroxenone— 

N,N-Dimethyl-l-naphthylamine 

Dimethylnaphthalene 

N,N-Dimethyl-p-nitrosoaniline 

N, N-Dimethyl-3-nitro-p-toluenesulf onamide 

N,N'-Dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine and salts 

p,a-Dimethylstyrene 

2[3-(5-Dimethylsulf amyl-o- 1 o 1 y 1 ) - 1 -methyIdiazoaniine]-5-sulf o- 
benzoic acid. 

N,N-Dimethylsulf anilic acid 

2,7-Diinethyltetrahydroquinohne 

1 , 1 '-Dinaphthyl-8,8'-dicarboxylic acid 

2,4-Dinitroaniline 

*p- (2, 4-Dinitroanilino) phenol (Dinitrohydroxydiphenylamine) 

2,4-Dinitroanisole 

*Dinitroanthraquinone (1,5- and 1,8-) 

4,8-Dinitroanthrarufin (l,5-Dihydroxy-4,8-dLnitroanthraquinone)_. 

4,4'-Dinitrobenzanihde 

m-Dinitrobenzene 



189. 

189. 

189. 

146. 

8,189. 

146. 

547. 

146,189. 

8,23,146,473. 

141,269. 

168. 

146,189. 

189. 

189. 

8,153,168,189. 

X. 

286. 

189. 

X. 

146. 

313. 

313. 

189. 

189. 

146,488. 

488. 

8,19,104,146. 

8,19,146,189. 

189. 

8,168,189. 

189. 

146. 

42,146,189. 

398. 

146,189. 

146,189. 

91,104,146. 

X. 

313. 

189. 

189. 

313. 

313. 

313. 

146. 

146. 

8,153. 

8,146. 

8,23,146,149,473. 

8,23,146,189. 

488. 

323. 

168. 

545. 

488. 

545. 

153. 

393. 

8,53,168,189. 

189. 

8, 23, 53, 168, X. 

331. 

X. 

189. 

488. 

146. 

23,323. 

8,104.189. 

23,522. 

19,42,96,146. 

146. 

189. 

8,146. 



72 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



2,4-Diiiitrobenzenesulf onic acid 

3,5-DLiiitrobenzoic acid 

3,5-Dinitrobenzoyl chloride 

Dinitro(3,3'-bi-7-benz[de]aiithracen)7,7'-dione (Dinitrodibenzan- 
thronyl). 

4,5-Dinitrochrysazin-2,7-disulfonic acid, disodium salt 

2,4-Dinitrophenol, tech 

N, N '-Di (p-nitrophenyl) oxamide (Oxalyl-p-nitroaniline) 

•4,4'.Dinitro-2,2'-stilbenedisulf onic acid 

2,4-Dinitrotoluene 

Dinitrotoluene, isomers 

Dipentene (Limonene) 

1 ,5-Diphenoxyanthraquinone 

Dipheny lacetic acid 

•Diphenylacetonitrile 

Diphenylamine . 

p-Diphenylamino-p-aminophenol 

7-Diphenyl-7-dimethylaminovaleroiiitrile- . 

8-Diphenylamino-l ,6-naphthalenedisulf onic acid 

6,8-Diphenylamino-l-naphthalenesulf onic acid 

1 ,6-Diphenylcarbohydrazide 

Diphenyl silicon dichloride 

1 ,3-Diphenyltriazine (Diazoaminobenzene) 

Disulfourea 

1 ,5-Di (p-toluino)anthraquinone 

1 ,4-Di (p-toluino)anthraquinone 

Divinylbenzene 

Dodecylbenzene 

6-Ethoxy-3-hydroxythianaphthene 

5-Ethoxymethyl-4-hydroxy-2-methylpyrimidine. 

2-Ethoxynaphthalene 

2-Ethoxy-l-naphthylamine 

2-Ethoxy-l-mtronaphthalene 

4-Ethoxy-m-phenylenediamine 

3-Ethylamino-p-cresol •- 

3-Ethylamino-p-toluenesulfonic acid (N-Ethyl-o-toluidine-p-sul- 

fonic acid). 
N-Ethylaniline: 

Crude --■ 

*Refined 

2-(N-Ethylanilino)ethanol (Hydroxyethylethylaniline) . . 

3-(N-Ethylanilino)-l ,2-propanediol . 

*a-(N-Ethylanilino)-p-toluenesiilf onic acid 

Ethylbenzene 

N-Ethyl-N-(^-hydroxyethyl)aniline 

2-[ 1-Ethy 1-3- (2-methoxy-5-mtrophenyl) diazoamino]-5-sulf obenzoic 
acid. 

N-Ethyl-1-naphthylamine 

Ethyl-p-nitrobenzoylacetate 

2-(N-Ethyl-p-nitrosoanilino)ethanol — 

m-Ethylphenol 

•N-Ethyl-N-phenylbenzylamine (N,N-Ethylbenzylaniline) 

•Ethylphenylmalonic acid, diethyl ester 

Ethyl stearoylacetate 

N-Ethyl-5-sulfoanthranilic acid 

N2-Ethyl-2,5-toluenediamine 

N-Ethyl-m-toluidine 

N-Ethyl-o-toluidine 

Fluorene 

a-Fluorenone 

Formanilide 

4-Formyl-m-benzenedisulf onic acid 

o-Formylbenzenesulf onic acid (o-Sulfobenzaldehyde) (Ben- 
zaldehydemonosulf onic acid) . 

Furf uryl alcohol 

Hexachlorobenzene 

Hexachlorocyclopentadiene 

Hexachlorodiphenyl oxide 

Homoveratric acid 

Homoveratrylamine (3,4-Dimethoxyphenethylamine) 

•p-Hydrazinobenzenesulf onic acid . 

3-Hydrazino-5-nitro-p-toluenesuKonic acid 

Hydrazobenzene 

Hydroquinone, tech 

o-Hydroxyacetanilide 

m-Hydroxy acetophenone 

p-Hydroxyacetophenone — 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



104,189. 
146,153. 
146,153,168. 
146. 

146. 

146,189. 

146. 

8,96,104,146,189. 

146. 

8. 

331. 

146. 

58. 

1,286,547. 

141,146,153. 

146. 

1,286. 

104,146,189. 

8. 

153. 

143. 

8,146. 

366. 

42. 

42,146. 

269. 

323. 

146. 

313. 

8. 

189. 

189. 

23. 

146. 

146. 



23. 

8,23,146,473. 

189. 

104. 

8,23,104,146,189,473,529. 

141,142,269. 

488. 

X. 

149,473. 

189. 

189. 

393. 

8,104,146,473. 

1,58,313,647. 

X. 

189. 

X. 

8,146. 

8,146. 

270,393. 

393. 

146. 

189 

146! 189,473. 

386. 

141,227. 

227. 

141. 

183,313. 

183,313. 

8,63,189,366,469,529. 

189. 

8. 

90,146,488,522. 

189. 

473. 

473. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



73 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



l-Hydroxy-4-aminoanthraquinone 

l-Hydroxyanthraquinone 

N-(3-Hydroxy-2-anthraquinonyl)- 1 -nitro-2 -anthraquinonecarbox- 
amide. 

2-Hydroxy-l l-benzo-a-carbazole-3-carboxylic acid 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid 

2-Hyclroxy-3-carbazolecarboxyUc acid 

Hydroxy-S-dibenzof urancarboxylic acid 

^-Hydroxyethyl-4-methyl-5-thiazole 

4-Hydroxy-l-methylcarbostyril 

l-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid 

*3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid 

l-Hydroxy-2-naphthoyl chloride 

/3-(2-Hydroxynaphthyl) -3-thianaphthenol (/S-Naphtholthioindoxy 1) 

4-Hydroxy-3-nitro-l-phenylarsonic acid 

2-Hydroxyphenetole 

Hydroxy-N-phenylamine-butanone 

p-Hydroxyphenylarsonic acid 

N-(p-Hydroxypheny l)-2-naphthylamine 

^-(p-Hydroxyphenyl)-a-phenylpropiomc acid (a-Pheiiyl-/3-(4-oxo- 
phenyl) propionic acid). 

l-Hydroxy-l-phenyl-2-propanone 

N-(/3-Hydroxypropyl)-o-toluidine 

8-Hydroxyquinoline 

3-Hydroxy-5-sulf o-2-naphthoic acid 

p-(8-Hydroxy-6-sulfo-2-naphthylamino) benzoic acid 

l-Hydroxy-4-(p-toluido)anthraquinone 

*1 , l'-Iminobis(4-benzaniidoanthraquinone) 

*6,6'-Iminobis(l-naphthol-3-sulfomc acid) (I or J acid imide) 
(Rhoduline acid). 

*1 , 1 '-Iminodi-4-atninoanthraquinone 

*l,l'-Iminodiantliraquinone 

1 , 1 '-Iniinodi-4-nitroantliraquinone 

Isatin 



p-Isobutylaminophenol 

Isobutylquinoline 

Isophorone 

p,p'-Isopropylidenediphenol (p.p'-Dihydroxydiphenyldimethyl- 
methane). 

Isoviolanthrone (Isodibenzanthrone) 

Lepidine 

Leuco-1 ,4-diaminoanthraquinone 

*Leuco quinizarin (1,-4,9,10-Anthratetrol) 

Leuco tetrahydroxyanthraquinone 

2,4-Lutidine 

2,6-Lutidine - 

Melamine 

Mesitylene 

Metanilamide 

*Metanilic acid 

2-(o-Methoxyanilino)-5-nitrobenzenesulf onic acid 

1 -Methoxyanthraquinone 

4-Methoxymetanilic acid 

2-[3-(6-Methoxy-4-nitro-m-tolyl)-l-methyldiazoamino]-5-sulfoben- 
zoic acid. 

S-Methoxy-m-phenylenediamine (m-Diaminoanisole) 

6-Methoxy-m-toluidine (2-Amino-p-cresyl methyl ether) 

1 -Methylaminoanthraquinone 

1 -Methylamino-4- ( p-toluino) anthraquinone 

N-MethylaniUne 

2-(N-Methylanilino) ethanol 

5-Methyl-o-anisidine (Cresidine) 

m-Methylanisole (m-Cresyl methyl ether) 

N-Methylanthranilic acid 

2-Methylanthraquinone 

2-Methyl-7-benz[de]anthracen-7-one (2-Methylbenzanthrone) 

Methylbenzoxazole 

Methyl benzyl alcohol (Tolyl carbinol) 

3,3'-Methylenebis[l-(5-chloro-o-anisyi)-3-triazeneacetic acid] 

3,3'-Methylenebis[l-(5-chloro-o-anisyl)-3-triazenemethylacetic acid] 

3 ,3 '-M ethylenebisi 1- (5-chloro-o-tolyl) -3-triazeneacetic acid] 

3,3'-Methylenebis[l-(5-chloro-o-tolyl)-3-triazenemethylacetic acid]. 
p,p'-Methylenebis(N,N-diethylaniline) (Tetraethyldiaminodiphen- 
ylmethane) (Methane base). 

*p,p'-Methylenebis(N,N-dimethylaniline) (Tetramethyldiaminodi- 
phenylmethane) . 



8,189. 

8. 

189. 

189. 

222. 

189. 

189. 

313. 

189. 

8,189.488. 

8,146,189,433. 

X. 

104. 

1,313. 

323. 

313. 

1 , 153 . 

189. 

183. 

313. 

488. 

58,323. 

189. 

189. 

42. 

23,146,189,308. 

8,23,96,104,146,189. 

8,23,42,146,189.308. 

8,42,146,189,308. 

42,146,308. 

8. 

146. 

168. 

85. 

6,141,189. 

146,189. 

393. 

488. 

8,19,63,96,104,146. 

189. 

270. 

393. 

23,323. 

153. 

X. 

8,23,96,104,146,189. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

X. 

522, X. 

104. 

42,146.189. 

42,146. 

104. 

X. 

146. 

X. 

189. 

8,23,146. 

8. 

153,168,189.473. 

331. 

366. 

366. 

366. 

366. 

189. 

8,23,146.189. 



74 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



p,p'-Methylenebis(N,N-dimethyl-2-mtroaniline) (Dinitrotetra- 

methy Idiaminodiphenylmethane) . 
4,4'-Methylenebis(3-hydroxy-2-naphthoio acid), sodium salt (Meth- 
ane salt). 

N , N '-Methy lenebis (4-methylaminoantipyrine) 

5,5'-Methylenebis-2,4-toluenediamine (Tetra-aroinoditolylmethane) 
4,4'-Methylenebis(m-toluidine) (4,4'-Diamino-2,2'-dimethyldiphen- 
ylmethane). 

p,p'-Methylenedianihne 

P>p'.p"-Methylidynetriamline 

1-Methylnaphthalene 

2-Methylnaphthalene 

Methylnaphthalene, crude 

1-Methylnipecotic acid methyl ester 

N-Methyl-p-nitroacetanilide 

N-Methyl-p-nitroaniline 

4-Methy l-o-nitroanisole 

N-(5-Methyl-4-nitro-o-anisyl)-p-toluenesulf onamide 

2-Methyl-l-nitroanthraquinone 

2-Methy 1-6-nitrobenzoxazole 

2-M ethyl-5-nitrodiphenylamine 

3-Methyl-l-m-mtrophenyl-5-pyrazolone 

2-(N-Methyl-p-nitrosoaniUno)ethanol 

2-[l-Methyl-3-(4-nitro-o-tolyl)diazoamino]-5-sulfobenzoic acid 

l-Methyl-4-oxonipecotic acid methyl ester hydrochloride 

1-Methy 1-1-phenylhydrazine 

l-MethyI-2-pheny lindole 

*3-Methyl-l-phenyl-5-pyrazolone (Developer Z) 

Methylphenyl silicon dichloride 

Methylpropylcarbinylbarbituric acid 

a-Methylstyrene 

3-Methyl-l-p-sulfamylphenyl-5-pyrazolone 

N-Methyl-5-sulf oanthranilic acid 

p-Methylsulf onyl benzoic acid 

3-Methyl-l-(m-sulfophenyl)-5-pyrazolone 

*3-Methyl-l-(p-sulf ophenyl)-5-pyrazolone 

Methylsulf ophenylpyrazolone, mixed 

5'-Methyl-p-toluenesulf on-o-aniside 

Methyl p-toluenesulf onate 

(l-Methyl-3-p-tolyldiazoamino)acetic acid 

4-Methylumbellif erone 

•Naphthalene, solidifying at 79° C, or above (refined, flake): From 
American crude naphthalene. 

1 ,5-Naphthalenediol (1 ,5-Dihydroxynaphthalene) 

2,3-Naphthalenediol (2,3-Dihydroxynaphthalene) 

•1 ,5-Naphthalenedisulf onic acid 

1 ,6-Naphthalenedisulf onic acid 

2,7-Naphthalenedi8ulfonic acid 

•2-Naphthalenemercaptoacetic acid ' 

l-Naphthalenesulf onic acid 

2-Naphthalenesulf onic acid 

2-Naphthalenesulf onic acid, sodium salt 

Naphthalenesulfonic acids (1- and 2-), sodium salt 

1,3, 6-Naphthalenetrisulf onic acid 

Naphthalic anhydride -- 

Naphthalimide 

3-Naphth[l ,2]imidazole-8-sulf onic acid 

I)-Naphthionic acid (4-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid) 

pi-Naphthionic acid, sodium salt 

•1-Naphthol (a-Naphthol) - -- 

2-Naphthol, tech. (|3-Naphthol) 

l-Naphthol-3,6-disulf onic acid 

l-Naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid, monosodium salt 

l-Naphthol-4,8-disulf onic acid 

*2-Naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid 

2-Naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid, disodium salt 

*2-Naphthol-6,8-disulf onic acid 

2-Naphthol-6,8-disulfonic acid, disodium salt 

l-Naphthol-3,8-disulfonic acid sultone 

l-Naphthol-8-sulfamide 

l-NaphthoI-3-sulf onic acid 

*l-Naphthol-4-sulfonic acid (Nevile and Winther's acid) 

* l-Naphthol-5-sulf onic acid 

l-Naphthol-8-sulf onic acid 

*2-Naphthol-6-sulf onic acid (Schaeffer's acid) 

2-Naphthol-6-sulfonic acid, sodium salt 

2-Naphthol-7 -sulfonic acid 



146,189. 

547. 

547 

8. 

146 

189. 

X. 

393. 

270. 

393. 

313. 

189. 

189. 

146. 

189. 

8,42,189. 

189 

189 

146 

189 

X. 

313 

153 

X. 

19,23,96,104,141,146,366,547. 

143. 

286. 

141. 

146. 

189. 

146. 

96,146. 

23,63,96,104,146,189,366. 

104. 

189. 

189. 

X. 

269. 

6, 23, 127, 146, 270, 393. 427. 433 , 

462. 
8,189. 
X. 

8,104,146.189. 
189. 
8.146. 

8,23.146,189. 
189. 

8,104,177. 
23.433. 
104. 
189. 

153,189. 
8. 

189. 
23,146. 
8,104,146. 
8,104,146.189. 
8,23,433. 
8.96,104. 
8. 

104,189. 
8,104,189. 
529. 

104^146, 189. 
8. 

189. 

104,146. 
189. 

8,104,146. 
8,104,146,189. 
8,189. 

8,23,104.146.189. 
433,529. 
104.146,433. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



75 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 194-7 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



2-Naphthol-8-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthol-3,6,8-trisulfonic acid-1 ,8-sultone (1,8-Naphthosultone- 

3,6-disulfonic acid). 
1,8-Naphthosultone 

•Naphth[ 1 ,2]oxadiazole-5-sulf onic acid 

*1-N aphthylamine 

2-Naphthylamine 

l-(l-Naphthylamino)-2-anthraquiiionecarboxylic acid 

l-(2-Naphthylamino)-2-anthraquinoneGarboxylic acid 

2-Naphthyl isocyanate 

*p-Nitroacetanilide 

2-Nitro-p-acetaniside 

m-Nitroacetophenone 

m-Nitroaniline 

o-Nitroaniline 

p-Nitroaniline 

3-Nitroanisic acid 

*2-Nitro-p-anisidine 

3-Nitro-o-anisidine 

*4-Nitro-o-anisidine 

*5-Nitro-o-anisidine 

o-Nitroanisole 

p-Nitroanisole 

l-Nitro-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid 

6-Nitro-l-anthraquinonesulf onic acid 

5(and 8)-Nitro-l-antliraquinonesulfonic acid 

2-(l'-Nitro-2'-anthraquinonyl)anthra-2,3-oxazole-5,10-dione 

*6-(m-Nitrobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (m-Nitrobenzoyl 

J acid). 
6-(p-Nitrobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-suKonic acid (p-Nitrobenzoyl 
J acid). 

•Nitrobenzene 

2-Nitro-p-benzenedisulf onic acid 

*in-Nitrobenzenesulf onic acid 

p-Nitrobenzenesulf onic acid 

p-Nitrobenzenesulf onyl chloride 

m-Nitrobenzoic acid 

p-Nitrobenzoic acid 

p-Nitrobenzoic acid, ethyl ester (Ethyl p-nitrobenzoate) 

p-Nitrobenzoic acid, isobutyl ester (Isobutyl p-nitrobenzoate) 

5-[a-(p-Nitrobenzoyl)acetamido]isophthalic acid 

7-(p-Nitrobenzoyl)acetoacetic acid, ethyl ester 

m-Nitrobenzoyl chloride 

p-Nitrobenzoyl chloride 

2-Nitrobiphenyl 

4-Nitrobiphenyl 

2-Nitro-p-cresol 

1-Nitronaphthalene 

3-Nitro-l ,5-naphthalenedisulf onic acid 

8(and 5)-Nitro-l(and 2)-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

7(and 8)-Nitro-5-naphth(l,2)oiadia2olesulfonic acid 

o-Nitrophenetole 

I>-Nitrophenetole 

•o-Nitrophenol 

p-Nitrophenol 

4-Nitro-o-phenylenediamiiie 

p-Nitrophenylhydrazine 

Nitrophenyl phenyl ether 

l-(m-Nitrophenyl)-5-pyTazolone-3-<;arboxylic acid 

4-Nitrophthalamide 

3(and 5)-NitrosaUcylic acid 

4-Nitrosodiphenylainine 

l-Nitroso-2-naphthol 

*p-Nitrosophenol 

m-Nitrotoluene 

o-Nitrotoluene 

p-Nitrotoluene 

Nitro toluene mixtures 

*3-Nitro-p-toluenesulfonic acid 

*5-Nitro-o-toluenesulf onic acid 

4'-Nitro-p-toluenesulfono-o-toluide 

5-Nitro-o-toluenesuIf onyl chloride 

*2-Nitro-p-tolu idine 

3-Nitro-p-toluidine 

*4-Nitro-o-toluidine 

5-Nitro-o-toluidine 

4-Nitro-N-tolylnaphthalimide 

828108—49—6 



104. 
104. 

96,104,146. 

8,96,104,189. 

8,146,189,370. 

8,146. 

146. 

189. 

153. 

104,189,488. 

473,488. 

473. 

8,23,104,146. 

323 

8,19,146,189,323. 

189. 

8,146,189,308,473. 

8,473. 

23,146,189,214,308,473. 

146,189,308. 

146,323. 

8,146,473. 

189. 

8,146. 

8. 

189. 

63,146,189,366. 

146,189,366. 

8,23,146,189,323,507. 

104. 

8,19,96,104,146,189,488. 

23. 

8. 

146,227. 

146,189. 

183,547. 

183. 

189. 

189. 

146,227. 

146,153,227. 

323. 

323. 

104,146. 

8,146,189,370. 

104,189. 

189. 

8,189. 

146. 

146,488. 

58,146,323,522. 

23.146,323. 

168. 

153. 

366. 

8,189,366. 

146. 

189. 

189. 

23,153,177. 

8,23,48,104,146,189. 

8,23,146,189. 

8,146,189. 

8,146,189. 

8,146,189. 

19,23,104,189. 

8,96,104,146,189. 

189,366. 

189. 

23,146,433,473. 

189. 

23,146,189. 

146,366. 

189. 



76 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to liat 

in table 24) 



16-Nitroviolanthrone 

2-Nitro-p-xylene 

4-Nitro-m-xylene 

Nitroxylenes, mixed 

Octylphenol 

Octylresorcinol, nonmedicinal 

5-Oxo-l-(p-sulf ophenyl) -2-pyrazoline-3-carboxyLic acid 

Pentabromoindigo 

Pentachlorophenol 

Pentachlorophenol, sodium salt 

3,4,9, 10- Perylenetetracarboxylic acid 

3,4,9, 10- Perylenetetracarboxylic di-imide 

Phenanthrene 

9, 10-Phenanthrenequinone 

Phenethylamine 

o-Phenetidine 

p-Phenetidine 

*Phenol: 
♦Natural: 

From coal tar: 

U. S. P 

37° C, m. p 

39° C, m. p -- 

82%-84% 

All other 

From petroleum 

♦Synthetic : 

By caustic fusion: 

U. S. P 

82%-84% 

All other 

From chlorobenzene by vapor-phase hydrolysis: U. S. P 

l-Phenol-4-su Ifonic acid 

o-Phenoxyan Uine 

Phenyl acetate 

p-Phenylacetophenone 

2-Phenylanthra-[2,3]-oxazole-5, 10-dione 

*p-Phenylazoaniline (Aminoazobenzene) and hydrochloride 

p-Phenylazo-N, N-dimethylaniline 

N-Phenylbenzylamine 

*m-Phenylenediamine 

o-Phenylenediamine 

p-Phenylenediamine 

Phenyl ether (Diphenyl oxide) 

Phenylglycine 

Phenylgly cine, sodium salt 

Phenylhydrazine 

*Phenylhydrazine hydrochloride 

*2,2'-Phenyliminodiethanol (Phenyldiethanolamine) 

a,a'-Phenyliminodi-p-toluenesulfonic acid 

2-Pheny Undole 

Phenylisocyanate 

*Phenylmalonic acid, diethyl ester 

N-Phenyl-1-naphthylamine 

N-Phenyl-2-naphthylamine 

o-Phenylphenol 

o-Phenylphenol, chlorinated 

o-Phenylphenol, sodium salt 

p-Phenylphenol 

N-Pheny 1-p-phenylenediamine 

l-Phenyl-5-pyrazolone-3-carboxyUc acid, ethyl ester 

Phenyl silicon trichloride 

Phthalamide 

Phthalic acid 

♦Phthalic anhydride 

Phthalic pitch 

Phthalonitrile 

Phthaloyl chloride 

♦Picolines: 

2-Picohne (a-Picoline) 

3-PicoUne (/S-PicoUne) 

4-Picoline (7-Picohne) 

Pico line (3,4-mixture) 

Picramic acid and salt 

Picric acid (Trinitrophenol) 

Piperidine 

Piperidinecarboxaldehyde 



23.189. 

146,189. 

189. 

146. 

398. 

177. 

189. 

189. 

141,323. 

141,323. 

189. 

189. 

393. 

8. 

323. 

146,323. 

146,183,323,488. 



393. 

23. 

23,270. 

6,270,397. 

6,23,270,286. 

393. 



6,323,392. 

6. 

6. 

141,148. 

269,323. 

366. 

473. 

189. 

189. 

8,19,23,96.146.189. 

8. 

146. 

8,23,96,104,146,189,377. 

168. 

23,433. 

141. 

141. 

8,146. 

141,189. 

153,177,278. 

85,141,146,189. 

189. 

X. 

153,227. 

1,58,313,547. 

8,146. 

146,189. 

141. 

141. 

141. 

141. 

146,168,189. 

189. 

143. 

141,146. 

146,189,463. 

6,8,22,146,269,323,392,433. 

269. 

146. 

323. 

6,270,393. 

393. 

393. 

6,270,393. 

8,146. 

8,146. 

146,323. 

189. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



77 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 19^7 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



Piperidinopropanediol 

Polychlorobiphenyl 

Polychloronaphthalenes 

Polyethylbenzene (80% Diethylbenzene) 

Primuline, base 

Primuline sulfonic acid 

Proflavine, base (3,6-Diaminoacridine) 

Propiophenone 

Pseudocumidine 

Pyrazole anthrone yellow (Dipyrazoledianthrone). 
Pyrazolone 

*Pyridine, refined 

Quinaldine (2-Metliylquinoline) 

Quinaldine yellow, base 

♦Quinizarin ( 1 ,4-Dihydroxyanthraquinone) 



Quinoline: 

Quinoline 2° 

Other grades 

Quinolinic acid 

Resorcinol, tech 

/3-Resorcylac acid 

Salicylic acid, tech 

Saligenin benzoate, calcium salt 

Styphnic acid (2,4,6-Trinitroresorcin) 

Styphnic acid, lead salt 

*Styrene (Vinylbenzene) : Grade for rubber (Elastomers) 

"Sulfanilic acid and salt 

4-Sulf oanthranilic acid 

o-Sulf obenzoic anhydride 

4-Sulf o-o-benzoylbenzoic acid (Sulf o BB acid) 

p,p'-Sulf onyldiphenol (4,4'-Dihydroxydiphenylfiulf one) 

Sulf ophenyl-m-pyrazolone 

l-(p-Sulfophenyl)-5-pyrazolone-3-carboxylic acid (Pyrazolone T) 

Terphenyl (Phenylbiphenyl) , o-, m-, and p- 

N-Tetra-acety lribityl-3 ,4-xy lidene 

2',4',5',7'-Tetrabromofluorescein 

Tetrabromo-8,16-pyranthrenedione 

1 ,4,5,8-Tetrachloroanthraquinone 

1 ,2,4,5-Tetrachlorobenzene 

2,3,5,6-Tetrachlorophenol 

Tetrachlorophenol, sodium salt 

Tetrachlorophenol and pentachlorophenol mixture 

a,Q:,2,4-Tetrachlorotoluene 

a,a,a,4-Tetrachlorotoluene 

l,4,5,8-Tetrakis(l',l",l"',l""-anthraquinonylamino)anthraquinone 
(Penta-anthramide) . 

3,3'-Thiobis(7-benz[delanthracen-7-one) 

4,4'-Thiobis(3-sulf obenzenediazonium chloride) 

p,p'-Thiodianiline 

6,6'-Thiodimetamlic acid (p,p'-Thiobi8(4-amino-o-benzenesulfonic 
acid) ). 

•o-Tolidine and salts 

2-(o-Toloxy)ethanol . 

•a-Toluamide (Phenylacetamide) 

•2 ,4-Toluenediamine (4-m-Tolylenediamine) 

3 ,5-Toluenediamine (5-m-Tolylenediamine) 

2,5-Toluenediamine sulfate 

o-Toluenesulf onamide 

p-Toluenesulf onamide 

Toluenesulf onic acid, o- and p- 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid, ethyl ester 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid, isopropyl ester 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid, methyl ester 

p-Toluenesulf ono-o-toluide 

o-Toluenesulf onyl chloride 

p-Toluenesulf onyl chloride 

Toluenesulfonyl chloride, o- and p- 

•a-Toluic acid (Phenylacetic acid) 

4-Toluic acid 

m-Toluidine 

o-Toluidine 

*p-Toluidine 

Toluidine, mixed 

*6-p,-Toluinometanilic acid 

o-Toluinomethanesulfonic acid 

*l-(p-Toluino)naphthalene-8-sulfonic acid (Tolyl peri acid) 



314. 
323. 
227. 

141,269. 
8,189. 
360. 
1. 

269. 
8. 

146,189. 
19. 

6,270,393. 
6,8,393. 
23 

8, ig, 23, 42, 63, 96, 104, 146, 189, 
214, 488, 555. 

6,270,393. 

6,153. 

104. 

146,269. 

269. 

141,222,323. 

1. 

X. 

X. 

141,142,269,323. 

8,19,23,104,473. 

96. 

153. 

146. 

189,269. 

8. 

19. 

323. 

313. 

473. 

189. 

8,146. 

141,227. 

141. 

141. 

141. 

146. 

227. 

8,146. 

189. 
189. 
146. 
8,189. 

8,91,104,146,177,189. 

189. 

58,146,305,323,473. 

8,23,53,104,189,221. 

146. 

23. 

323. 

323. 

153,323,433. 

153,522. 

146. 

42,153. 

189,366. 

323. 

323. 

552. 

58, 296, 547, X. 

X. 

8,146,189. 

8,23,146,189. 

8,146,222. 

23,146,270. 

8,63,104,146. 

8. 

8,146,189. 



78 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



*a-Tolunitrile (Benzyl cyanide) 

p-Tolunitrile 

m-Toluquinaldine (2,7-Dimethylquinaline) 

p-ToIuy 1 chloride 

*4-(o-Tolylazo)-o-toluidine (o-Aminoazotoluene) 

*o-(p-Tolyl)benzoic acid 

2,2'-(m-Tolylimino) diethanol 

1 , 1 ',4', 1 "-Trianthrimide 

1 , 1 ', 5', 1 "-Trianthrimide 

2,4,6-Tribromophenol 

1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene 

Trichlorobenzene ( 1 , 2,3- 1 ,2,4-mixture) 

2,4,5-Triehlorometanilic acid 

2,4,6-Trichlorophenol 

2,4,6-Triclilorophenol, sodium salt 

a-Trichlorotoluene (Benzotrichloride) 

1 ,2,4-Trihydroxyanthraquinone 

Tropine 

Tropinone 

*6,6'-Ureylenebis(l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid) (J acid urea) 

6-Valeryl-m-cresol 

o- Vanillin (2-Hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde) 

*o-Veratraldehyde (3,4-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde) 

Veratrole ( 1 ,2-Dimethoxybenzene) 

Veratryl alcohol 

9-Vinylcarbazole 

Vinylcyclohexene 

2- Vinylpj-ridine 

*Violanthrone (Dibenzanthrone) 

Xenylamine (4-Aminobiphenyl) 

m-Xylene 

Xylene, o- and p- 

Xylene hexafluoride 

Xylenols: Not classified as to b. p 

Xylidines: 

2,3-Xylidine (o-Xylidine) 

*2,4-Xylidine (m-4-XyUdine) 

*2,o-Xylidine (p-Xylidine) 

3,4-Xylidine 

Mixed xylidines: 

Original mixture 

Xyhdine (ortho, para) 

2,5-Xylidine formate 

2,5-Xylidine hydrochloride 

2,5-Xylidinemethanesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

4-(2,4-Xylylazo)-o-toluidine (Aminoazoxylenetoluidine).. 

4-(2,4-Xylylazo)-2,5-xylidine (Aminoazoxylene) 

4-(3,5-Xylylazo)-3,5-xyhdine - 



1,58,184,227,256,323. 

189. 

488. 

X. 

8,104,146,189. 

8,23,146,189. 

189. 

146,308. 

146. 

141. 

141,177,227. 

323. 

146. 

141. 

141. 

222,227,323. 

96. 

313. 

313. 

8,19,23,63,96,104,146,189. 

547. 

323. 

313,323,411. 

323. 

313,323. 

189. 

269. 

393 

23,146,189,360. 

323. 

146, X. 

146,305. 

227. 

23. 



8,146,189. 

8,19,146,189. 

313. 

8,146. 

23. 

146. 



146. 
8,23. 
8,19. 
189. 



SYNTHETIC OKGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



79 



DYES 

Table 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 194-7 



[Dyes for which separate statistics are given in table 8A are marked below with an asterisk (*) ; dyes 
not so marked do not appear in table 8A because the reported data are confidential and may not 
be published. Manufacturers are identified by numbers in the alphabetical list appearing in table 
24. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification 
number with the designated product] 




Colour 
Index or 
Proto- 
type 
No. 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER 
Nitroso Dyes 

Naphthol green B 



Nitro Dyes 



Naphthol yellow S- 



Azo Dyes 
Monoazo Dyes 

Spirit yellow G 

Acid yellow G 

Spirit yellow R 

Oil yellow 

•Chrysoidine Y 

Chrysoidine R 

♦Sudan I 

Croceine orange G 

Orange G 

Chromotrope 2R 

Fast acid f uchsine B 

Amido naphthol red G 

Brilliant sulphon red 

Chrome yellow 2G 

♦Chrome yeUow R 

Azo alizarin yellow GP 

Victoria violet 4BS 

Chromotrope 6B 

♦Amido naphthol red 6B 

Sudan II 

Ponceau R 

Fast red B 

Chromotrope lOB 

Acid chrome brown HN 

Chrome brown R 

Chrome green 2G 

Chromate brown B 

Acid chrome brown R 

Mordant yellow GRO 

Chrome flavine G 

Sudan R 

'Azo eosine G 

♦Fast red B base 

Fast scarlet R base 

Eosamine G 

Direct pink 2GN 

Direct pink 

Direct fast pink EBN 

Metanil yellow 

Methyl orange 

Azoflavine RS 

♦Azo yellow 



Manufacturers' identifi- 
cation numbers (accord- 
ing to list in table 24) 



23. 



23,189. 

23,189. 

8,19,23,181,189. 

8,19,23,146,181,189. 

8,23,189. 

8,23,53,189. 

8,19,23,146,181,189. 

8. 

8,23,63,146,189. 

8. 

8,19,554. 

8,19,23,104,146,189. 

554. 

19,23,63,104,189. 

19,23,104,189. 

8,19,104,189. 

8,23,146,189. 

8,104. 

8,19,23,96,104,146,189. 

8,23,181,189. 

8,23,104,146,189. 

8,23,104,189. 

146. 

146. 

8,104,189. 

189. 

23,377. 

146. 

146. 

146,189,377. 

181. 

96,104,146,189. 

8,19,189,214,308,473. 

19,23,189,308. 

146. 

146. 

8,189. 

146. 

8,104,146,189. 

146,473. 

104,189. 

8,19,189. 



80 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 




DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER— 
Continued 

Azo Dyes — Continued 

Monoazo Dyes — Continued 

Resorcin yellow 

Orange II 

•Orange R 

Pigment rubine B 

Lake red C 

Acid chrome brown B 

*Acid chrome garnet R 

* Acid chrome violet N 

Chrome black PV 

Metachrome violet B 

Naphthylamine brown 

•Fast red A 

*Azo rubine 

•Fast red VR 

Croceine scarlet 3BX 

Amaranth 

Cochineal red A 

Mordant yellow O 

•Chrome yellow RN 

Chrome blue black B 

•Chrome blue black R 

•Chrome black T -.- - 

•Chrome black A 

•Fast acid blue R 

•Fast acid blue B 

•Acid chrome red B 

•Chrome flavine A 

Direct pink 2B 

Disazo Dyes 

•Resorcin brown 

•Resorcin dark brown 

Chrome brown G 

•Acid black lOB 

Azo dark green A 

•Brilliant croceine M 

Ponceau SS ex 

Cloth red 3G ex - - 

Sudan IV - 

•Cloth red B - 

Neutral gray G 

•Milling orange 

Cloth scarlet G 

•Direct fast red 8BL 

•Scarlet EC - 

Fast acid cyanine G 

•Fast acid cyanine 5R ex 

Acid chrome verdone A 

Acid black B 

•Acid chrome black F 

Acid chrome green SS 

•Fast acid black 2BN - - 

Fast acid black F 

'Fast acid cyanine black B 

Naphthylamine black D 

Brilliant black B 

Developed blue NA 

Developed blue B 

Naphthylamine black V 

Direct fast heliotrope 

Developed brilliant orange GR ex 

Rosanthrene 

Direct briUiant violet 

•Direct fast scarlet 

Direct fast scarlet 4BA 

•Bismarck brown G 



Manufacturers' identifi- 
cation numbers (accord- 
ing to list in table 24) 



8,23,63,104,189,527,554. 

8,23,146. 

146. 

23. 

8. 

8,63,104,189. 

8,19,63,377. 

8,189. 

96. 

189. 

8,23,104,146,189. 

8,104,146,189. 

8,23,104,146,189. 

527. 

8. 

8,23,189. 

8,189. 

8,104,189. 

8,104,189. 

8,104,146,189. 

8,104,146,189. 

8,104,189,377. 

8,23,146,189. 

8,146,189. 

8,23,146,189. 

8,104,146,189. 

146. 



8,19,23,104,146,189,554. 

8,19,23,104,554. 

8,146. 

8,19,23,104,146,189,554. 

8,104,146. 

8,23,146,189. 

8. 

23. 

104,146. 

8,104,189. 

146. 

19,23,104,189. 

19,23,554. 

8, 19, 23, 63, 96, 146, 189, 

366, 654, X. 
8,19,189. 
8,23,189. 
8,23,146,189. 
8,23. 
8,189. 

8,104,146,189. 
23,189. 

8,104,146,189. 
189. 

8,23,146,189. 
189. 
189. 
8,104. 
8,104,189. 
146. 

104,146. 
19. 

8,146. 
8. 
8, 23, 63, 96, 104, 146, 189, 

X. 
104,189. 
8,23,146,189. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



81 



Table 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Colour 
Index or 
Proto- 
type 

No. 



332 

336 

343 

346 

349 

349a 

353 

364 

365 

370 

375 

376 
377 
382 
387 
393 
394 
395 
401 
405 
406 

411 
415 
419 

420 

423 
430 

431 
436 
441 
443 
446 
448 
464 
471 
472 
477 
478 
487 

495 
499 
499 
502 
508 
512 
515 
516 
518 
520 



533 
539 
545 
552 
559 
561 

567 
576 
581 
582 



Dye 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER- 
Continued 

Azo Dyes — Continued 

Disazo Dyes — Continued 

'Bismarck brown R 

Acid chrome black SE 

Chrome fast yellow C 

'Direct fast yellow 5GL 

'Direct fast yellow 4GL ex 

Direct fast yellow RL 

'Direct fast pink 2BL 

'Brilliant yellow 

Chrysophenine G 

C ongo red 

'Congo corinth G 

Congo rubine 

Direct orange G . 

'Direct scarlet B 

'Direct violet B 

Benzo violet O 

'Direct violet N 

Direct black RO 

'Developed black BH 

Direct cyanine R 

'Direct blue 2B 



Cresotine yellow G. 

•Direct orange R 

Direct fast red F 



'Direct brown M. 



•Direct brown B. 
Polar red 



Acid chrome red 

Direct brilliant red 8B.. 

•Chrome fast yellow RD. 

Milling red G-. 

Direct orange R 

Benzopurpurine 4B 

Direct blue SR... 

Direct blue 4R 

Direct blue BX 

Direct blue 3B 

Direct orange G 

•Acid anthracene red 3B. 



•Benzopurpurine lOB 

Fast blue B base 

Fast blue B salt 

Direct azurine G 

Direct brilliant blue G. 

Direct blue RW 

Direct blue B 

Chicago blue B 

•Direct sky blue FF 

•Direct pure blue 



Trisazo Dyes 



Direct fast blue FR.. 
Direct fast black FF_ 

•Plutoform black 

Diazo blue black RS. 

Direct bronze G 

Direct brown BT 



Direct fast blue R. 
Direct fast blue B_ 
Direct black EW.. 
Direct black RX-- 



Manufacturers' identifi- 
cation numbers (accord- 
ing to list in table 24) 



8,23,53.104,146,189.221. 

189. 

8,23,146. 

8,23,63,146,189. 

63,96,X. 

8.96. 

8,23,146.189. 

8,23.146,189. 

8,146,189. 

8,63,146,527. 

8, 19, 23, 63, 104, 146, 189 , 

242.554. 
104,X. 
8. 

8.23,63.104.189. 
8,104,146.189. 
189 

8,19,23,104,146,189. 
19. 

8,23,63,104.146,189.554. 
8. 
8, 19, 23, 104, 146, 189, 242, 

554. 
8,104. 

8,104,146,189. 
8, 19, 23, 63, 96, 104, 146, 

189 554. 
8, 19,'23, 63, 104, 146, 189. 

554, X. 
23,104,189,554. 
8, 23, 63, 96, 104, 146, 189, 

554, X. 
146. 
104. 

8,189,366. 
19,23,104,189. 
8,19. 
8,146. 
146. 
8,104. 
8,104,189. 
8,104,146. 
8,19. 
8, 19, 23, 96, 104. 146, 189, 

366. 
8,146,554. 
19. 
8,63. 

8,19,63,104,146,189,554. 
146. 

8,104,146,189. 
8. 
189 

8,19,63,104,146,189. 
8,63,104,146,189. 



8,19,23,104,146. 

8,104,146.189. 

19,63,96,104. 

8,146. 

189 

8, 19, 63, 104, 146, 189, 366, 

554, X. 
104. 
8. 

8,23,63,104,146.189,554. 
8,23,104.146,189,554. 



82 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Col our 

Index or 

Proto 

type 

No. 




Manufacturers' identifi- 
cation numbers (accord- 
ing to list in tatle 24) 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER— 
Continued 

Azo Dyes — Continued 
Trisazo Dyes — Continued 

•Direct green ET - 

Chloramine green B 

Direct steel blue G 

•Direct green B 

Direct green G 

Direct olive G > 

Direct brown 3GO 

Congo brown G 

Congo brown R 

Tetrakisazo Dyes 

Direct brown G 

Stilbene Dyes 

Direct yellow R 

Chloramine orange G 

Stilbene yellow 

Diphenyl catechine G 

Diphenyl chrysoine G 

Pyrazolone Dyes 

Fast light yellow G 

Xylene light yellow 

Tartrazine 

Polar yellow 

Chrome red B 

•Pyrazol orange 

Ketonimine Dyes 

*Auramine 

Triphenylmethane and Diphenylnaphthylmethane Dyes 

♦Malachite green 

♦Rhoduline blue 6G 

Br illiant green 

Setocyanine 

*Acid green B 

♦Fast acid green B 

Acid light green - 

*Acid glaucine blue 

Xylene blue VS 

Xylene blue AS 

*Para f uchsine 

♦Magenta 

♦Methyl violet B and base 

♦Crystal violet 

♦Ethyl violet 

Benzyl violet 

Spirit blue 2B 

Victoria blue 4R 

Acid magenta 

Fast acid violet lOB 

♦Acid violet 

Acid fast violet BG 

Alkali blue 

Methyl blue- 

Methyl cotton blue 

♦Soluble blue 

Brilliant sky blue 5G 

Patent blue V 

♦Patent blue A 

♦Acid chrome azurol B 

Chromal blue G 

♦Acid chrome cyanine R 

Victoria blue R 

♦Victoria blue B 



8,19,23,104,146,189,554. 

8,104,146,554. 

63,146. 

8, 19. 23, 63, 104, 146, 189, 

554 
8, 104*, 146, 554. 
19. 

8,23,63,104,146,189,554. 
8, 63, 104, 146, 189, X. 
146. 



189,554. 



8,23,104,146,189. 
8,23,104,146.189. 
23,146,189. 



104. 



8,63,146,189,366. 

8, 23, 63, 96, 104, 146, 189, 

366. 
8,19,23,189,366,473. 
104,189,366. 
8,23,96,104,146,189. 
8, 19,63, 104, 366, X. 



8,23,146. 



8,23,149,473. 

8,146,149,189,473. 

8,23,149. 

189. 

8,23,104,146,189. 

8,23,146,189. 

146,189. 

8,23,146,189,473. 

189. 

189. 

23,332,467. 

23,332,433. 

8,23,146,149,189,473. 

8,23,146,149,189,473. 

146,149,189. 

149. 

332. 

189. 

189. 

146. 

8,23,104,146,189. 

8,146. 

332. 

189. 

189. 

23,189,332,467. 

189. 

8. 

8,23,473. 

8,104,146,149,189. 

149. 

8,104,146,189. 

146,149,189,473. 

8,146,149,189,473. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



83 



Table 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Colour 
Index or 
Proto- 
type 
No. 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identifi- 
cation numbers (accord- 
ing to list in table 24) 



737 *Wool green S. 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER— 
Continued 

Triphenylmethane and Diphenylnaphthylmetfiane Dyes — Continued 

Naphthalene green V 



Xanthene Dyes 



Rhodamine B, 20%.-. 

Rhodamine B cone, 100% 

Rhodamine 6G, 20%, 

Rhodamine 6G cone, 100% 

Fast acid violet A2R 

♦Fluorescein 

*Uranine (Fluorescein, alkali salt) 

Tetrabromofluorescein 

*Eosin G (Tetrabromofluorescein, alkali salt). 

Erythrosine bluish 

Phloxine 

Rose bengale B 



Acridine Dyes 



Acridine orange NO... 
Brilliant phosphine G. 

*Phosphine 

Phosphine 2G 

Euchrysine 2G 



QuinoUne Dyes 



Quinoline yellow, spirit soluble. 

Quinoline yellow 

Quinoline yellow KT 



Thiazole Dyes 



Primuline 

Direct pure yellow M 

♦Direct fast yeUow 

Thioflavine T 

Direct brilliant flavine S. 



Azine Dyes 



♦Wool fast blue 

Saf ranine 

Acid cyanine 

*lnduline (spirit-soluble) _ . 

InduUne (water-soluble).. 

♦Nigrosine (spirit-soluble) . 

♦Nigrosine (water-soluble) . 



Aniline Black and Allied Dyes 



New fast gray. 
Fur black 



Oxazine Dyes 



GaUocyanine. 
New blue R.. 
Nile blue A.. 



Thiazine Dyes 



♦Methylene blue 

Methylene green B 

New methylene blue N. 



8,146,189. 
23,146,189. 



146,189. 

8. 

146. 

8,209. 

23,31,209,332,473.492. 

8,23,332,473. 

23,249,332,492. 

8,23,332,473. 

332. 

332. 

23,332. 



146,189,366. 

146. 

8,23,104. 

366. 

366. 



8,23,146. 
23. 



8,104,146. 

146. 

8,146,189,360. 

146. 

360. 



8,104,189. 

8,146,189,473. 

189. 

8,23,189. 

8,23,189. 

8,23,189. 

8,23,189. 



23. 
23. 



555. 

8,23. 

189. 



8,23,149,189,473. 

23. 

23. 



84 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Dye 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER— 
Continued 

Sulfur or Sulfide Dyes 

Derivatives of Carbazole 



Carbazole vat blue R. 
Carbazole vat blue G. 



Other Sulfur or Sulfide Dyes 



'Sulfur black. 
'Sulfur blue— 



'Sulfur brown. 



•Sulfur 
'Sulfur 
'Sulfur 
'Sulfur 
•Sulfur 
'Sulfur 



green 

maroon- 
olive 

orange.. 

tan 

yellow.. 



Anthraquinone Dyes 



Alizarin VI 

Alizarin orange AD 

'Alizarin red S 

Alizarin brown 

'Acid alizarin blue SE 

'Acid alizarin blue B ' 

Anthracene blue SWGG. 

Anthracene blue WR 

Anthracene blue SWX. . 

Alizarin irisol R 

'Alizarin astrol B 

Cyananthrol R 

Cyananthrol G 

' Alizarin cyanine green 



Acid anthraquinone violet 

'Anthraquinone blue black B. 



'Acid anthraquinone sky blue B_ 

Anthraquinone blue SR 

Acid alizarin rubine 



Anthraquinone Vat Dyes 



•Anthraquinone vat golden orange G, 12% 

Anthraquinone vat golden orange R, 12% 

'Anthraquinone vat scarlet G, 16?^% 

'Anthraquinone vat dark blue BO, 25% 

Vat navy blue NTP 

Anthraquinone vat jade green, 6% 

'Anthraquinone vat green B and black B, 12)^%. 

'Anthraquinone vat Wolet 2R, 123»^% 

•Anthraquinone vat blue RS, 10% 

Anthraquinone vat blue 3G, 10%, 

Anthraquinone vat blue CE, 8^i% 

Anthraquinone vat blue GCD, 8).^% 

Anthraquinone vat blue BCS, 20% 

Anthraquinone vat yeUow G, 12)^% 

Anthraquinone vat brown B, 22% 

Anthraquinone vat yeUow GK, 12J^% .*.., 

Anthraquinone vat brilliant violet RK, 123^% 

'Anthraquinone vat ohvp R, 12J^% 

'Anthraquinone vat brown R, 12J^% 

'Anthraquinone vat brown G, 12J^%, 

Anthraquinone vat red violet RRN, 123^% 

Anthraquinone vat red BN, extra, 12J^% 

Anthraquinone vat violet BN, 25% 

Anthraquinone vat olive G 

Anthraquinone vat yellow R, 12J^% 



Manufacturers' identifi- 
cation numbers (accord- 
ing to hst in table 24) 



48,146. 
189. 



8,23,48,146,189,447,527. 
8, 23, 48, 104, 146, 189, 236, 

447. 
8, 23, 48, 104, 122, 146, 189, 

236,447. 
8,23,146,189,236,447. 
8,23,48,146,189. 
8,23,48,104,146,189,447. 
8.104,189. 
48,146,189,236,447. 
8,23,48,146,189,236,447. 



8,19,23. 

189. 

8,19,23,42,189. 

555. 

8,23,104,146,189. 

8,23,96,104,146,189,555. 

42,96. 

96. 

42. 

42,146,555. 

42,146,189. 

42,146. 

42. 

8, 19, 23, 42, 96, 146. 189. 

357, 555. 
42,146. 
8, 19, 23, 42, 96, 104, 189, 

377, 555. 
8,42,146,189. 
42. 
189. 



8,23,146,189. 

8 23 

8!23il46,18S. 

8,19,23,146,189,360. 

23. 

42^146,189. 

8,23,146,189,360. 

8,146,189. 

8,23,146,189. 

146. 

189. 

8,23,146,189. 

8,146. 

8,146. 

146. 

8,19,146,189. 

146. 

8,19,23,146,189,308. 

8,23,146,189. 

8,23,146. 

8,146,189. 

8,146,189. 

8,146,189. 

360. 

146,360. 



See footnote at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



85 



Table 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for ivhich United States pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Colour 
Index or 
Proto- 
type 
No. 



Dye 



D"iT:S GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER- 
Continued 

Indxgoid and Thioindigoid Dyes 

"Indigo, synthetic, 20% 

Indigo, white, 20%. 

Indigotin lA 

Tribromindigo RB, 20% 

Bromindigo blue 2BD, 16% 

Vat blue 5B, 20% 

Cibapink B, 20%, 

'Vat red 3B, 20% 

Vat orange R. 10%. 

Vat violet B 



Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Dyes 
Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Colors 



'Blue #1 

'Blue #2 

Green #1, #2.. 

Green #3 

■Orange §1 

Orange #2 

■Red #1 

■Red #2 

'Red #3 

■Red #4 

■Red #32 

■YeUow #1 

■YeUow #3, #4. 

■YeUow #5 

■YeUow #6 



Drug and Cosmetic Colors 



Black #1 

Blue 

Blue #1 

Blue #4-- - 

Blue #6 

Blue #9 

Brown #1 

Green #1 

Green #5, #6, #7. 

Ochre 

Orange 

*Orange #3 

*Orange #4 

*Orange #5 

*Orange #11 

*Orange #14 

*Orange #15, #17. 

Pink 

Red 

Red #1 

Red #2 

Red #3 

Red #5 

Red #6 

Red #7 

*Red #8 

*Red #9 

Red #10 

Red #11 

*Red #12 

Red #13. 
Red #17, 
*Red #19- 
*Red #21. 
Red #22. 
Red #28- 
Red #29. 
Red #30. 



#18. 



Manufacturers' identifi- 
cation numbers (accord- 
ing to hst in table 24) 



8,141,146. 

8. 

8,146. 

8,141. 

8,141. 

141. 

141. 

8,19,23,141,146,189. 

8,23,146. 

141. 



8,54,529. 

8,54,267,469. 

8,54,529. 

529. 

8,54,267,469,529. 

8,23. 

8,54,267. 

8,54,267,469,529. 

8,54,267,469. 

8,529. 

8,23. 

267. 

8,23,150. 

8,54,267,469,529. 

8,54,267,469,529. 



8. 

267. 
267. 
8. 
8.267. 



8,267. 

8. 

267. 

267. 

8. 

8,31,267. 

23,31,332. 

8. 

167. 

31. 

267. 

267. 

267. 

8,267. 

267,492. 

8,267. 

31. 

31,267,492. 

23,31,267,492. 

23,31,267,492. 

267. 

31,267,492. 

31,267,492. 

492. 

8,267. 

8,31,267,492. 

31,267,332,492. 

8,23,332. 

8. 

167. 

267. 



86 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table SB.— Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States -pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 




Manufacturers' identifi- 
cation numbers (accord- 
ing to list in table 24) 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER— 
Continued 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Dyes — Gontintied 
Drug and Cosmetic Colors — Continued 

Red #31 

Red #33 

Red #34 

Red #35 -- -- 

Rose 

Violet #1 -- 

Yellow 

Yellow #1 

Yellow #5, #6 

YeUow#7 

YeUow#8 

Yellow #10, #11 

Drug and Cosmetic Dyes, External 

Green #5 

Red #10, #11, #13 

Violet #2 --- 

Yellow #3, #5 

DYES GROUPED BY FOREIGN PROTOTYPE 
NUMBER 



*Acid alizarin flavine R 

Acid anthracene brown B 

Acid anthracene brown 3B.. 

*Acid anthracene brown PG- 



Acid chrome blue 2R 

♦Algol yeUow GC 

Alizarin direct blue A2G 

Alizarin direct blue AR 

♦Alizarin supra blue A 

Alkali fast green lOG 

♦Anthracene chromate brown EB. 

Artificial silk black G 

Benzo Bordeaux 6B 

*Benzo chrome black blue B 

Benzo chrome brown BS 

Benzo copper blue B 

Benzo dark brown ex 

♦Benzo fast black L 

♦Benzo fast blue 4GL 

Benzo fast blue 8GL 

Benzo fast brown 3GL 

Benzo green 2B 

Benzo red 12B 

Benzo rhoduline red B 

Benzo rhoduUne red 3B 

BriUiant acid blue 3B 

♦BrilUant benzo violet B 

BriUiant milling blue B 

♦BrilUant wool blue FFR 

Cellitazol B 

♦CeUiton orange GR 

CeUiton red violet R 

Chlorantine fast blue 2GL 

♦Chlorantine fast brown BRL 



Direct fast red 5BL 

♦Chlorantine fast yeUow 4GL. 

♦Chlorantine fast yeUow RL-- 

Chrome yeUow DS 

Chrome yeUow G 

Cibacete brilUant blue 2B 

Cibacete diazo black B 

Cibacete diazo black GN 

Cibacete red 3B 

Cibacete sapphire blue G 

♦Cotton black 3G 

Cross dye green B 



267,492. 

8. 

31,267. 

267. 

267. 

8,267. 

267. 

8,267. 

267. 

8,23,267. 

8,23. 



8,267. 
31. 



8,23,146,189. 

23,189. 

104. 

8, 19, 96, 104, 146, 189, 366, 

554. 
104,189. 
8,23,146,189. 
146,189. 
146,189. 
8,146,189. 
189. 

8,23,96,104,146,189,554. 
104,189. 
8,19,189. 
8,146,189. 
23,189. 
189. 
189. 

8,19,104,146,189. 
96,189,366. 
366. 

8,23,189. 
189. 
146. 

146,189. 
189. 
19. 

19,146,189. 
8,146,189. 
8,146,189. 
23,146. 

23,63,104,146,189. 
42,146. 
104. 
8, 19, 63, 96, 104, 146, 189, 

366, X, X. 
104. 

104,146,366. 
146, 366, X. 
104. 
23. 
146. 

104,146. 
104. 

104,146. 
104. 

19,189,554. 
23. 



See footnote at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



87 



Table 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Colour 
Index or 
Proto- 
type 
No. 




Manufacturers' identifi- 
cation numbers (accord- 
ing to list in table 24) 



DYES GROUPED BY FOREIGN PROTOTYPE 
NUMBER— Continued 



Diamine azo Bordeaux B 

*Diamine Bordeaux B 

Diamine catecliine B 

♦Diamine catechine G 

♦Diamine catechine 3G 

♦Diamine fast blue FFB 

♦Diamine fast orange EG 

♦Diamine fast orange ER 

Diaminogen blue N2B 

♦Diazo Bordeaux 7B 

Diazo brilliant green 3G 

♦Diazo brilliant scarlet 2BL ex 

♦Diazo brilliant scarlet ROA 

Diazo brown 6G 

Diazo brown NR 

Diazo brown 3RB 

Diazo fast red 5BL 

♦Diazo fast red 7BL 

Diazo indigo blue 4GL 

Diazo indigo blue 4RL 

Diazo olive G 

Diazo rubine B 

Diazo sky blue B 

Diazo sky blue 3GL 

Fast mordant blue B 

Fast scarlet 2G base 

Fast scarlet 2G salt 

Fastusol brown L3R 

Fastusol gray R 

Fastusol orange L5G 

Fastusol yellow L5G 

♦Guinea fast red BL 

Guinea fast red 4BL 

HeUndone fast scarlet B 

HeUndone fast scarlet G 

HeUndone pink B ex 

HeUndone pink R ex 

Indanthrene brilUant orange RK. 

Indanthrene brown BR 

♦Indanthrene brown RRD 



♦Indanthrene khaki 2G 

Indanthrene rubine R dbl 

Indo carbon CL 

Indo carbon CLG cone 

Indocyanine B 

Katigen chrome blue 5G 

Metachrome Bordeaux R 

Metachrome red G 

Milling orange G 

♦MilUng yellow H5G 

MilUng yeUow O 

Naphthol blue black S 

Neolan black WA 

♦Neolan blue GG 

Neolan Bordeaux R 

Neolan orange R 

♦Oxydiaminogen OB 

Paper red A ex 

Polar orange GS 

♦Polar orange R 

Rapidogen blue BN 

♦Rapidogen blue D 

Rapidogen Bordeaux R 

Chrome brown 2R 

Rapidogen red GS 

♦Rapidogen red RS 

♦Rapidogen scarlet RS 

♦Rapidogen yellow G 

♦Rosanthrene fast Bordeaux 2BL. 

Rosanthrene orange R 

Setacyl direct orange 2R 

Setacyl direct violet B 



8,19,63,189. 

8,146. 

8,19,63,146. 

8,19,23,63,146,189. 

8,104,146,189. 

23,96,104,146,189,236. 

23,96,146,189,236. 

146,189. 

146,189,366. 

8,189. 

8,146,189. 

19,146,189,366. 

8,189. 

189. 

8,189. 

96,146. 

8,96,146,366. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

189,366. 

189. 

189. 

8. 

19. 

8,19,189,308. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

8,189. 

8,23,96,146,189. 

146. 

146. 

146. 

23. 

19i23,146. 

189. 

23,146,189,308. 

8, 19, 23, 104, 146, 189, 366, 

514. 
8,19,146,189. 
146,189. 
189. 
189. 
189. 
189. 
96. 

96,555. 
19. 

19,189,366. 
8,189. 
8. 

104,189. 

23,96,104,146,189. 
104. 

8,104,146. 
8, 19, 63, 189, X. 
146,189. 
104. 

8,96,104,146. 
189. 

146,189,366. 
189,366. 
63. 

146,189,366. 
146,189,366. 
23,146,189,366. 
146,189,366. 
8,19,63,146,189,366. 
146,189,366. 
146. 
146. 



88 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 




Colour 
Index or 
Proto- 
type 
No. 



DYES GROUPED BY FOREIGN PROTOTYPE 
NUMBER— Continued 

Sudan blue G 

Sudan brown 5B 

Sudan orange RT 

Sudan red BB 

Sulphon orange G 

*Sulphon yeUow R 

Supra light rubine BL 

Supramine blue R 

Supramine Bordeaux B 

Supraniine brown R 

Supramine red 3B 

Supramine red 2G 

Supramine yellow R 

*Victoria fast violet 2R ex 

Victoria pure blue B 

Victoria violet RL 

♦Zambesi black D 

Zambesi black V 

Acid anthracene brown KE 

Acid anthracene brown LE-CF 

Acid anthracene brown WSG 

♦Alizarin fast gray BBLW 

Alizarin supra sky R 

Alphanol brown B 

Amido naphthol brown 3G 

Anthralan red B-CF -- 

Azosol fast orange G 

Azosol fast orange RR 

Azosol fast red 3B 

Azosol fast scarlet CR 

Azosol fast yellow GR 

Benzo fast Bordeaux 6BL 

Benzoform blue BBL 

Benzo new blue 5B 

Brilliant indocyanine 6B-CF 

Brilliant indocyanine G 

Brilliant sulpho fiavine FFA. -- 

Celliton blue G -- -- 

*Cellitonfast blue B.- 

Celliton fast blue FR 

Celliton fast blue FFR -- 

Celliton fast blue green B 

Celliton fast brown 3R 

Celliton fast pink B 

Celliton fast pink FF3B - 

CeUiton fast red GG 

Celliton fast red violet RN 

Celliton fast rubine B 

Celliton fast rubine 3B 

Celliton fast violet B 

Celliton fast violet 6B 

CeUiton fast yellow G 

Celliton fast yellow RR 

Celliton scarlet B 

Celliton yellow 5G 

Chrome fast orange 3RL 

Diamine orange F 

Dianil yellow 5G 

Diazo brown 3R 

Diazo fast yellow 2G 

Diazo fast yellow 3G 

Fast black B salt 

Fast black K salt 

Fast black LB base 

Fast blue BB base 

Fast blue BB salt - 

Fast Bordeaux BD salt 

Fast Bordeaux GP base 

Fast Bordeaux GP salt 

Fast Corinth V salt 

Fast garnet GBC base 

Fast garnet GBC salt 



Manufacturers' identifi- 
cation numbers (accord- 
ing to list in table 24) 



189. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

19,189. 

19,23,189,366. 

8,23,189. 

189. 

189. 

19. 

19,189. 

189. 

189. 

8,23,189. 

8,189,473. 

146,149. 

8,104,189. 

8,146,189. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

23,42,146,189. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

63, 

189. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

146. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

63, 

189. 

146, 

189. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

189,242. 

104,189. 

63,146,189. 

189,242. 

146,189. 

189. 

63,146,189. 

189. 

146,189,242.554. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

189,473. 

189. 

189. 

8,19,146.189,308. 

8,19,189,308,473. 

189. 

19,146,181,189,473. 

19.189. 



,189. 



.554. 



,146,189. 
il89. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



89 



Table 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Colour 
Index or 
Proto- 
type 
No. 




Manufacturers' identifi- 
cation numbers (accord- 
ing to list in table 24) 



DYES GROUPED BY FOREIGN PROTOTYPE 

NUMBER— Continued 

Fast garnet GC salt 

♦Fast orange GC base 

Fast orange GC salt 

Fast orange GR salt 

Fast orange RD salt 

Fast red AL salt 

Fast red GL base 

Fast red GL salt 

Fast red 3GL base 

Fast red 3GL salt 

*Fast red KB base 

Fast red RC base 

Fast red RC salt 

Fast red RL salt 

♦Fast red TR base 

Fast red TR salt 

Fast violet B base 

Fast violet B salt 

Fast yellow GC salt 

Fastusol orange LGGL 

Fastusol red violet LRL 

Fastusol turquoise blue LGL 

Immedial new blue FBL ex 

Immedial new blue 3GL ex 

Indanthrene brilliant violet 3B 

Indanthrene direct black RB 

Indanthrene golden orange 3G 

Indanthrene golden yellow GK 

Indanthrene golden yellow RK 

Indanthrene olive green B 

Indanthrene red FBB 

Metomega chrome brown RLL 

Monochrome black blue G 

Monochrome red FG 

Monochrome violet FB 

*Naphthol AS 

Naphthol AS-BO 

Naphthol AS-BR 

'Naphthol AS-BS 

Naphthol AS-D 

Naphthol AS-DB 

Naphthol AS-E 

Naphthol AS-G 

Naphthol AS-ITR 

♦Naphthol AS-OL 

Naphthol AS-RL 

Naphthol AS-SW 

Naphthol AS-TR 

Neolan orange G 

Neolan yellow GR cone 

Palatine fast blue BN 

Palatine fast green BLN 

Palatine fast marine blue REN 

Palatine fast orange GEN 

Palatine fast orange RN 

Palatine fast pink BN : 

Palatine fast red RN 

Palatine fast violet 3RN 

Palatine fast violet 5RN 

Palatine fast yellow ELN 

Palatine fast yellow GRN 

Pluto black G 

Rapid fast orange RH 

Rapid fast red FGH 

Rapid fast red RH 

Rapid fast scarlet ILH 

Rapidogen black MG 

Rapidogen black brown IT 

Rapidogen blue N 

Rapidogen blue R 

Rapidogen brown IB 

Rapidogen brown IPT 



189. 

19,146,308. 

8,19,189,308. 

189,308. 

189. 

8,19,189. 

19. 

19,189,308. 

146. 

19,189,308. 

8,19,23,146. 

146,473. 

19,189,308. 

189. 

146,308. 

8,189,308. 

189. 

189. 

189,308. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

146,189. 

8,189. 

146,189. 

42,146,189. 

189. 

8,19,23,146,189. 

189. 

104. 

146,189. 

189. 

189. 

8,19,23,146,189. 

8,19,23,189,308,366. 

8,19,189. 

8,19,23,146,189,214,366. 

8, 19, 23, 146, 189, 214, 366, 

473. 
189. 
189. 

19,146,189. 
189. 

8,23,146,189,214,366. 
8,19,189. 
8,19,23,146,189. 
19,189,308. 
8,104. 
8,104. 
23,189. 
189. 
96. 
189. 
189. 

8,23,96,189. 
189. 
189. 
189. 
96,189. 
189. 
554. 
23,189. 
189. 
189. 
189. 
189. 
189. 
189. 

146,189. 
189. 
189. 



90 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States pro- 
duction or sales xvere reported, identified by manufacturer, 19^7 — Continued 



Dye 



DYES GROUPED BY FOREIGN PROTOTYPE 
NUMBER— Continued 

Rapidogen golden yellow R 

Rapidogen green B 

Rapidogen orange G 

Rapidogen orange R 

Rapidogen red violet RR 

Rapidogen violet B 

Rapidogen yellow 2G 

Rapidogen yellow GGP 

Solamine blue FFG 

Variamine blue BD salt 

Variamine blue RT salt 

Alizarin rubinol 3G 

Amido brilliant red BB 

Brilliant benzo fast violet BL 

Brilliant benzo green B 

Cotonerol 

Diamine orange BA 

Diamond black P2B 

Fastusol gray LVGL 

Janus black G 

Neolan pink B -- 

Neolan violet brown B 

Oxamine brilliant red B 

Palatine fast claret BN 

Para brown GK 

Para brown RK 

Rosanthrene Bordeaux B 

UNGROUPED DYES 

Acetate rayon dyes : ^ _ 

*Black, IV, IV extra. AZO. B, BGD, BNF, EC, 3G, GFS. 

3GNF, GS, GY, J, LNB. NS, PL, S, 2S, SN.4 
*Blue, A. B. 2B. BGF, BNN, BP, BXN, EC, FFG, FFR, 
FFRN, 5G, GR. LB, M, RDA.5 

Bordeaux B 

*Brown B, G, JG, R. RB, ROO 

Developed navy SD - 

Gray NBN - 

Heliotrope I 

*Orange, I, III, BL, FSI, GL, GR, GRN, R, 2R, 3R, 4R, 
RB.6 

Pink B, MBS, RFA - - 

Prune 

Purple 

*Red III, VI-X, VII, VIII, IX, B. 2B, BG, BS, BX. 3BX, 
C, CSB, G. 2G, GC, GP, LRB, NB, R, RN, RNR, RP, 
RPR, Y, 2Y.7 

♦Violet II, 3B, BGF, R, 2R, 5RLF 

♦Yellow, #1, #17, VIII, IX, XII, A, FFA, FSI, G, 5G, 3GA, 
7GE, GL, GLF. GN, 6GN, GOO, GR, GSN, GX, JT, 
L3G, M, 2RA, 4RL, 4RLF, RN.8 

Acid alizarin Bordeaux BLT 

Acid alizarin brown N4R - — 

Acid anthracene yellow GR 

Acid black AR, C, 3G, GRF, GRF cone, RB 

Acid blue G • 

Acid blue black RC 

Acid brilliant red 3B, 4BL 

Acid brown R 

Acid carmine 2B 

Acid chrome black blue G 

Acid chrome blue 2RL 

Acid chrome brown DKL, 3GL 

Acid chrome orange ML 

Acid chrome yellow ME 

Acid dark green B 

Acid fast brown CGS, R 

Acid fast orange LW 

Acid fast red CA 

Acid garnet BG 

Acid green G 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Manufacturers' identifi- 
cation numbers (accord- 
ing to list in table 24) 



189 

189 

146,189. 

189 

189 

189 

146,189. 

189 

189 

189 

189 

189 

189 

189 

189 

242 

189 

189 

189 

189 

104 

104 

189 

189 

189 

189 

189 



8, 19, 63, 104, 146, 189, 242, 

488,554. 
8, 19, 96, 104, 146, 189. 242. 

488,555. 
242. 

63,i46,242,X. 
19. 
19. 
19. 
8, 19, 63, 146, 242, 488, 554, 

X. 
8,189. 
23. 
146. 
8, 19, 63, 104, 146, 242, 488, 

554, X. 

19,146,242.488. 
8, 19, 23, 63, 104, 146, 181. 
189, 242. 488. 

189. 

23. 

96. 

8, 146. 

366. 

146. 

8,366. 

366. 

146. 

104. 

104. 

104. 

104. 

104. 

104. 

104,146. 

19. 

146. 

377. 

377. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



91 



Table 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 194? — Continued 



Colour 
Index or 
Proto- 
type 
No. 




Manufacturers' identifi- 
cation numbers (accord- 
ing to list in table 24) 



UNGROUPED DYES— Continued 

Acid leather brown EBR 

Acid milling orange 4R 

Acid milling yellow GN 

Acid navy B cone, FN 

Acid navy blue, M4B 

Acid neutral brown RRS 

Acid orange 2R 

Acid red 3B, G, GB, OA, RB._ 

Acid sapphire G 

Acid scarlet G cone, Y 

Acid violet 4BLA, RNL 

Acid yeUow BE, CW, G, 3G, GR 

Algol scarlet B 

Alizarin blue GS, WSA. 

Alizarin sapphire RL 

Alizarin sky blue B 

Alizarin violet NR, NRR 

Alphazurine B cone 

Amido yellow EA 

Anthracene chrome brown 2BL, RL 

Anthracene navy blue BRA cone 

Anthraqumone blue BGA, 3G, SWB. WSA 

Anthraquinone vat black 2G, J, R 

Anthraquinone vat black brown VA 

Anthraquinone vat blue GR 

Anthraquinone vat blue IBC, O, 04B, leuco ester 

Anthraquinone vat blue green B, Y 

Anthraquinone vat brilliant green 4B 

Anthraquinone vat brilliant red B 

Anthraquinone vat brilliant yellow 4G 

Anthraquinone vat brown NR, VR 

Anthraquinone vat brown IBR, leuco ester 

Anthraquinone vat copper brown 

Anthraquinone vat dark blue 2G 

Anthraquinone vat dark olive B 

Anthraquinone vat direct black 3G 

Anthraquinone vat gold yellow IGK, leuco ester 

Anthraquinone vat golden orange 4G, YL 

Anthraquinone vat gray #7542, BR, 2G, 2GL, M, R 

Anthraquinone vat green IBW, leuco ester 

'Anthraquinone vat navy blue, BN, BRA 

Anthraquinone vat olive G, 2GL, TA 

Anthraquinone vat olive green IB, leuco ester 

Anthraquinone vat orange A-200 

Anthraquinone vat orange HR, leuco ester 

Anthraquinone vat pink IR, leuco ester 

Anthraquinone vat red GLL 

Anthraquinone vat red IFBB, leuco ester 

•Anthraquinone vat red brown, R, RB, 5RFA 

Anthraquinone vat scarlet 3GA, RA 

Anthraquinone vat yellow 8G, GF, 3R 

Anthraquinone vat yellow GCA, leuco ester 

Azo blue HLA 

Azo Bordeaux BL 

Azo brilliant blue B, BO 

Azo brilliant green BA 

Azo brilliant yellow 6GF 

Azo brown DB, BY 

Azo cerise B 

Azo eosine 2B 

Azo fast blue B 

Azo fast orange RA 

Azo fast yellow CGR, RCA 

Azo green OL 

Azo oil black 

Azo oil blue black B 

Azo olive green BL 

Azo orange BRS, GN. GR, RNC #90, 3RP, RS 

Azo rubinol 3GP 

Azo yellow 2G 



828108—49—7 



189. 

23. 

146. 

554, X. 

23, 146. 

146. 

366. 

104,366. 

X. 

366. 

189,554. 

8,104,366. 

189. 

8,189. 

8. 

189. 



189. 
555. 
189. 
146. 
8,23. 



189. 

8.146. 

189. 

146. 

146. 

8,146. 

189. 

23. 

146. 

19. 

146. 

189. 

146. 

8,19,23,146. 

189. 

19,146,189. 

146,189. 

189. 

146. 

189. 

189. 

146. 

189. 

8,19,146,189. 

189. 

8,146. 

189. 

189. 

366. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

366. 

23. 

146. 

8. 

189. 

189. 

366. 



366. 
366. 
104. 
366. 



92 



UNITED STATES TAEIFF COMMISSION 



Table 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Colour 

Index or 

Proto 

type 

No. 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identifi- 
cation numbers (accord- 
ing to list in table 24) 



UNGROUPED DYES— Continued 

Azoanthrene dyes; 

Black NV 

BlueG 

Golden orange R extra 

Green G 

Navy BR, CW, LN 

RedSBW 

Royal blue L, S 

Rubine B ex. S 

Turquoise B 

Yellow G, GSB, S cone 

•Azoic dyes and their components: * 
Dyes: 

Rapid fast: 

BlueB 

Brown IRH 

Scarlet RH 

Yellow 2G 

Rapidogen: 

Black DM, FFM, MB, MR 

Blue GNN. MSG, PBN 

Bordeaux BN, MR 

Brown 2G, IR, R 1 

Dark brown AR, 2GN, R 

Golden yellow IFR, MRS, N 

Navy blue FFR 

Orange FFR 

Red AFR, FFBB, FFG, FFR, GNBS, GNS, IGG, 
ITR, YN. 

Scarlet FFG, FFR, GO, RRN cone 

Seal brown N 

Components: 

Fast color bases: 

Black B, K 

Blue B, BE, RR 

Corinth V 

Garnet GC 

Orange R 

Ponceau L 

Red B, PDC 

Scarlet G, 2G, R, RC 

Fast color salts: 

Blue B 

Ponceau L 

Red G, 2G, 3G, ITRN, PDC 

Scarlet G, R.. 

Fur dyes: 

Nyanzol A, DB, NZ, NZA, NZDA, NZF 

Nyanzol berry blue 

Nyanzol gray BCA 

Naphthols: 

Naphthol AS-BG 

Naphthol AS-GR 

Naphthol AS-KB 

Naphthol AS-LB 

Naphthol AS-LC 

Naphthol AS-MX 

Naphthol AS-OP 

Naphthol AS-PH 

Naphthol AS-PN 

Naphthol AS-RR 

Naphthol AS-SG 

Benzoform dyes: 

Gray N 

Red G 

Rubine B A 

Violet BB 

Brilliant acid blueSB 

Brilliant alizarin blue GA 

Brilliant blue ,5B 

Brilliant congo blue BFL 

Brilliant indocyanine 6BO 

Brilliant oil blue BMA, G 

Brilliant wool blue G extra, N 

See footnotes at end of table. 



X. 
X. 
X. 
X. 
X. 
X. 
X. 
X. 
X. 
X. 



189. 
189. 
189. 
189. 

146,189. 

146,189. 

146,189. 

189,366. 

146,189. 

146,189,366. 

189. 

189. 

146,189,366. 

189,366. 
366. 



189. 

146. 

189. 

189. 

146. 

19. 

146,189. 

8,19,146. 

189,308. 
19. 

8,189,308. 
8,19,189,308. 

96. 
96. 
96. 



189 
189 
189 
189 
189 
189 
366 
189 
23. 
189 
189 

189 

189 

189 

189 

8. 

189 

8. 

189 

189 

8. 

8. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



93 



Table 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Colour 
Index or 

Proto- 
type 
I No. 




UNGROUPED DYES— Continued 



Chromate brilliant brown RL 

Chromate brown R 

Chromate oUve FBBL, FBLA 

Chrome black 3G 

Chrome blue 2R 

Chrome blue black G 

•Chrome brown 2AB, B, DK, EB, O, PD, RB 

Chrome fast red 2RL 

*Chrome green B, G 

Chrome leather fast black S 

Chrome olive GL 

Chrome orange 2G, GE, LC, 3R, RL 

Chrome pink B 

Chrome soga yellow A 

♦Chrome yellow FTL, 2G, 2GN, SSN, SW- 

Chromolan blue 3R 

Chromolan gray G 

Chromolan red SB 

Chromoxane brULiant violet RE 

Cibablue BR 

Ciba red 3BG, 3BW 

Croceine scarlet FF cone 

Cyper blue black BA 

Developed blue B, 3G, 6G, oGL, NA 

Developed Bordeaux 7B cone, 2BL, RB 

Developed brilliant blue BBL, 2BLA/CF 

Developed brilliant scarlet 5BLN, 3G, GGA 

Developed brown R 

Developed fast Bordeaux FBLA 

Developed fast red 8BL 

Developed fast violet BL 

Developed fast yellow 2G 

Developed green BL, 2GL 

Developed indigo blue BRRA 

Developed orange DD, G, 3G, GR, RAS, RFW, RR, WD-._ 

Developed red 2B, BFW 

Developed rubine B 

♦Developed scarlet FW, GFW, GL, NN 

Developed violet BRD, RR 

Developed yellow 2GL 

Diamond green BBA 

Diazophen red BTB 

Diazophen yellow BTP l 

Dibromofluorescein 

Dinitrodibromofiuorescein 

♦Direct black CW, oG, GG, RW, ULR 

♦Direct blue 2B,5B,6G,NR,RDW,VRS 

Direct blue green CW 

Direct Bordeaux B 

Direct brilliant blue BFL 

Direct brilliant cerise 

Direct brilliant red 12B 

Direct brilliant violet B, 4B, R 

Direct brilliant yellow 8G 

♦Direct brown CWR, FW, GB, 3GN, G2R, 3GS, JL, KRS, 
N, RY. 

Direct catechine 2BAL 

Direct copper blue RRX 

Direct fast black G, PG 

♦Direct fast blue 6GKS, GL, 6GL, 8GL, 4GLN, 8GLN, 8GUF, 
L5GA, LRLACF, R, RL, SRL. 
Direct fast blue green BL, FWL 

♦Direct fast brown 4GL, LRTA, R, 4R, RK, RL, 2RL, SRL, 
3RLL, SKRL, 3YL. 

•Direct fast gray BL, GL, 2GL, LVL, M, RLN 

Direct fast heliotrope B 

Direct fast olive brown RL 

♦Direct fast orange EGL, G, 2G, 4G, 5GC, 2GL, L4GL, R, 
RGL, RT. 

♦Direct fast red 3BL, 8BLN, 7BNL, IDC, R, WL 

Direct fast rubine B, LB, WL 



Manufacturers' identifi- 
cation numbers (accord- 
ing to list in table 24) 



96. 

555. 

189. 

8. 

8. 

8. 

8,96,104,366. 

146. 

8,104,146. 

189. 

8. 

8,23,146. 

146. 

189. 

8,96,146,189. 



189. 

141. 

141. 

8. 

189. 

104,146. 

96,146. 

8,189. 

189. 

146. 

189. 

189. 

146. 

8. 

146. 

189. 

8,96,146. 

8,104,146. 

96. 

8,96,146. 

19,146. 

146. 

189. 

23. 

23. 

473. 

473. 

8, 104, 146, 554, X. 

8,23,96. 



23. 

8. 

8,19,23,104. 

8. 

8, 19, 23, 104, 189, 554, X. 



146. 

8,146. 

8, 146, 189, X. 

8,104. 

8, 146, 189, X. 

8,146,X. 

146. 

19. 

8, 104, 146, 189, X. 

8, 19, 146, 189, 236, 554, X. 
8,146,554. 



94 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States prO' 
dvction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Colour 
Index or 
Proto- 
type 
No. 



Dye 



Manufacturers ' identifi- 
cation numbers (accord- 
ing to list in table 24) 



UNGROUPED DYES— Continued 

Direct fast scarlet G 

Direct fast turquoise G 

Direct fast violet 5BL 

Direct fast yellow, 4GL, 5GL, LRA ex., 2RLL.-. 

Direct garnet RB 

Direct golden yellow R 

Direct gray BBC 

Direct green B, 5GSC, 2Y 

Direct green black 

Direct indigo blue 

Direct light yellow RL 

Direct lumisol blue 

'Direct navy DSU, G, R - -. 

•Direct na\^y blue B, BW, DB, RY— - 

Direct neutral blue G 

Direct new blue 5B 

Direct orange DB, GRA 

Direct red 8BLSW.. 

Direct rubine G 

Direct scarlet G 

Direct silk blue NR 

Direct speck dye red SW 

Direct violet black 

Direct viscose blue GGS, RS 

Direct white 

Direct yeUow G, S5GP 

Euchrysine 2G A 

Fast acid brown RG 

Fast acid light red B 

Fast acid red BBLA 

Fast acid yellow 3GLA-CF 

Fast black GN -. 

Fast Bordeaux BN, RB... 

Fast brilliant crimson RB 

Fast brown FN, 5GLL, MF, 4R, 3RL 

Fast crimson R 

Fast light red 4BA, BL 

Fast light yeUow 3GX-CF 

Fast olive brown G 

Fast orange 4RN, YF 

Fast red 8BLN 

Fast rubine 3BL 

Fast spirit black R 

Fast spirit brown G 

Fast spirit orange R 

Fast spirit yellow G, 2R 

Fast yellow 2G. N 

Fluorescent green HW 

Flourescent purple 2G 

FluorolSGA 

Fluoroleum green 

Fluoroleum red 

Formalide brown RD 

Formalide deep blue R 

Gasohne blue 

Gasoline yellow 

Helio oil red R 

Igenal brown CRTA, ITGA, M130, PGMA 

Indian brown 3G 

Indigo vat black 

Indigo vat printing black G 

Indonaphthol blue 

Ink blue ASB, PP 

losol blue 6G 

Jet black APX 

Lake yellow, PL 

Leather brown ET, 5RTD, 5RTX— 

Lithosol brown BC 

Lithosol fast orange R 

Lithosol fast yellow 3GD 

Lithosol red2B 

Milling red B, FF -- 

Milling yeUow 3G, NGS, XN 

Naphthanil AAP, HC - 



8,189,366. 



366. 

X. 

8,23,146. 

104. 

19. 

104. 

104. 

19,23,X. 

8,104,146,554. 

366. 

104. 

146,189. 

96. 

19. 

19. 

189. 

8. 

104. 

189. 

146. 

8,96. 

189. 

8. 

104. 

189. 

189. 

23. 

23. 

8. 

23,63. 

8. 

8,189. 

189. 

23. 

23. 

63. 

357. 

23. 

23. 

23. 

23. 

23. 

545. 

8. 

189. 

146. 

146. 

554. 

554. 

23. 

23. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

141. 

8. 

23. 

8,189. 

8. 

146. 

8. 

189. 

146. 

146. 

146. 

146. 

8,96,366. 

8. 

146. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



95 



Table 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States pro- 
duction or sales ivere reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 




Manufacturers' identifi- 
cation numbers (accord- 
ing to list in table 24) 



UNGROUPED DYES— Continued 

Naphthylamine black 8B, 3G 

Neutral brown GH, R 

Neutral silk brown RWA 

Neutral silk yellow CGA, SX 

Oil black 

Oil brown #79, #102, D, M, Y 

Oil fast blue R 

'Oil orange, #30, MT 

Oil pink 

'Oil red, #322, EGM, GRO, N-1700, OB, RO, Y-292 

OU yeUow, PHW 

Palatine fast blue 5RNA-CF 

Paper white GDC 

Phenamine blue black BCW 

Plastic yellow VVF 

Plasto red MS 

Plasto \aolet MR 

Plutoform black CAM extra 

Polyform dyes: 

BIue2RF 

Dark brown 3BF 

Dark maroon GF 

Orange RF 

Scarlet 2GF, RF 

YeUowGF 

Pyrazoline dyes: 

Pyrazoline black 

Pyrazoline blue CF, CFP, R, 2RCF 

Pyrazoline gray GL 

Pyrazoline orange LR 

Pyrazoline red BLW 

Pyrazoline rubine SB 

Quinoline yellow P 

Resin brilliant red R 

Resin brown Z 

Resorcine brown RA 

Rosanthrene orange 

Rubber colors , 

Serenium hydrochloride 

Silk brown G, R 

Soga red R 

Spirit soluble blue 

Spirit soluble fast black 

Spirit soluble fast blue B 

Spirit soluble fast orange A 

Spirit soluble fast red M, Y 

Spirit soluble fast yellow 3G 

Spirit soluble green 

Stilbene orange E3G 

StUbene yellow 5GXA 

Sudan corinth 3B 

Sudan dark brown BG 

Sudan green 4B 

Sudan orange FL 

Sudan yellow 3GL 

Sulfon black RA 

SuUon cyanine 2BA 

Supranol brilliant red BA 

Supranol brown 5RA 

Supranol red BBA 

Toluylene fast brown 3GA 

Water black SR 

Zambesi black BG 

AU other 



189. 

8,104. 

96. 

96, X. 

357. 

8,181. 

19. 

23,181,357. 

8. 

8,19,23,181,357. 

23,357. 

189. 

189. 

189. 



189. 

146. 
146. 
146. 
146. 
146. 
146. 

366. 
366. 
366. 
366. 
366. 
366. 
146. 



189. 

146. 

146. 

267. 

X. 

189. 

555. 



655. 

23. 
89 
89 
89 
89 
89 
89 



23. 
04. 
46,242. 



1 Included in Foreign Prototype No. 9. 

2 Includes Colour Index No. 1095. 

3 Excludes acetate rayon dyes that appear under "Dyes grouped by Foreign Prototype number." 
^ Includes developed black, diazo black, and direct black. 

* Includes brilliant blue, discharge blue, navy blue, pure blue, and saphirole blue. 

* Includes golden orange and Ught orange. 
' Includes rubine and scarlet. 

* Includes brilliant yellow, fast yellow, fluorescent yellow, and golden yellow. 

* Excludes azoic dyes and their components that appear under "Dyes grouped by Colour Index 
number," and "Dyes grouped by Foreign Prototype number." 



96 



UNITED STATES TAEIFF COMMISSION 



LAKES AND TONERS 

Table 13B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Lakes and toners for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 

[Lakes and toners for which separate statistics are given in table 13 A are marked below with an as- 
terisk (*); those not so marked do not appear in table 13A because the reported data are confidential 
and may not be published. Manufacturers are identified by numbers in the alphabetical list ap- 
pearing in table 24. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his 
identification number with the designated product] 



Product 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



LAKES OR LAKE COLORS 

•Black lakes: 

Logwood black (C. I. 1253) 

•Nigrosine (C. I. 864) 

All other 

•Blue lakes: 

Alkali blue lake (C. I. 704). 

Brilliant wool blue 

Indanthrene blue RS (C. I. 1106) 

Indanthrene blue GCD (C. I. 1113) 

Indigo blue 

C. P. Iron blue and methyl \-iolet 

•Methylene blue (C. I. 922) 

•Peacock blue, fugitive (Patent blue) (C. I. 671) 

Peacock blue, fugitive (C. I. 671) and PTMA green 

Ponsol brilliant violet 

Phthalocyanine blue, sulfonated 

Phthalocyanine blue lake, other 

Setoglaucine lake (C. I. 658) 

Soluble blue 

•Turquoise blue (C. I. 661) 

•Victoria blue B lake (C. I. 729) 

Victoria pure blue B (Pr. 198) 

All other 

•Brown lakes: 

•Bismarck brown 

Indanthrene brown R 

Persian orange (C. I. 151), scarlet 2R (C. I. 79), and brilliant 
wool blue. 

All other 

•Green lakes: 

•Acid green B (C. I. 669) 

Acid green B (C. I. 669) and thioflavine (C. I. 815) 

Acid green G (C. I. 666) 

Acid green, other 

Benzidine yellow and PTMA green 

•Brilliant green lake (C. I. 662) 

Brilliant green iC. I. 662) and thiofiavine (C. I. 815) 

C. P. Iron blue and benzidine yellow 

Light green SF (C. I. 670) 

•Malachite green lake (C. I. 657) 

Malachite green (C. I. 657) and auramine (C. I. 655) 

Malachite green (C. I. 657) and thioflavine (C. I. 815) 

•Pigment green B lake (Pr. 149) 

All other 

Maroon lakes: 

•Alizarin maroon (C.I. 1041) 

•Amaranth (C. I. 184) 

•Azo Bordeaux (C. I. 88) 

Fuchsine, methyl \'iolet B, Persian orange, and scarlet 2R 

•Helio fast rubine 

Hypernic 

Naphthionic acid-R salt 

Naphthylamine-R salt 

Quinizarine maroon 

AH other 



102,151,267. 

47,102,211. 

304. 

113. 

102. 

146. 

235,260,267. 

113. 

235. 

151 1295,304,438, 477. 

2, 23, 31, 73, 82. 102, 113, 151. 

176, 211, 235, 249, 267, 282. 

295, 304, 392, 407, 438, 473, 

477, 535, 555. 
235. 
146. 

102,176,263. 
47,146,473. 
73. 
295. 

47,56,151. 
23, 73, 146, 176, 211, 214, 295. 

304, 498. 
304. 
33,73. 

31,73,267. 

113. 

211. 

102,555. 

73,151,176,267,295. 
102. 
151. 
235. 
235. 

31,73,113,146,267,304. 
304. 
235. 
211. 

73,113,151,235,304. 
113. 
304. 

47,102,151,263,433. 
,23,33,73,102,172. 

56,263,312,555. 

260,267,312,433. 

23, 31, 73, 146, 151, 211, 235, 260, 

312, 371, 392, 433, 498, 535. 
263. 
31, 73, 113, 146, 214, 225, 235, 

260, 371, 433, 477, 535. 
151,235. 
260. 
260. 
438. 
102,555. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



97 



Table 13B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Lakes and toners for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 19^7 — Continued 



Product 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



LAKES OR LAKE COLORS— Continued 

•Orange lakes: 

Acid orange R (C. I. 161) .-. 

Naphthol AS-OL (Pr. 311) 

•Persian orange (Acid orange Y) (Orange II) (C. I. 151) 

Scarlet orange lake 

All other 

Red lakes: 
•Alizarin red B (C. I. 1027) 

Alizarin red S (C. I. 1034) 

Carmine (C. I. 1239) 

Crocein scarlet 3BX (Cochineal lake) (C. I. 183) 

•Eosine lake (Bromo acid lake) (C. I. 768) 

Fuchsine lake (Magenta) (C. I. 677) 

Fuchsine (C. I. 677) and methyl violet B (C. I. 680) .. 

Lithol, calcium lake 

Lithol rubine 

•Lithosol red 2B lake 

Naphthol AS (Pr. 302) 

Naphthol AS-D (Pr. 306) 

Persian orange (C. I. 151) and fuchsine (C. I. 677) 

Phloxinelake (C. I. 774) 

•Pigment scarlet 3B (C. I. 216). 

Polar red 

Red lake C, sodium 

•Rhodamine B lake (C. I. 749) 

•Rhodamine 6G (Rhodamine Y) (C. I. 752) 

•Rose lake 

•Scarlet 2R (C. I. 79) 

Scarlet 2R (C. I. 79) and Persian orange (C. I. 151) 

Vat pink (C. I. 1211) 

Vat pink (Pr. 109) 

All other 

♦Violet lakes: 

•Acid violet (C. I. 698) 

Crystal violet (C. I. 681) 

Ethyl violet (C. I. 682) 

Indanthrene red violet RHA 

•Methyl violet B (C. I. 680) 

Wool violet 

AU other 

♦Yellow lakes; 

Auramine (C. I. 655) 

Canary yellow 

♦Fast light yellow (C. I. 636) 

♦Naphthol yellow S (C. I. 10) 

Quercitron (Flavine) (C. I. 1251) 

•QuinoUne yellow (C. L 801) 

•Tartrazine (C. I. 640) 



TONERS OR FULL-STRENGTH COLORS 

Black toners: 

PMA black 

PTA black 

*Blue toners : 

♦Alkali blue (C. I. 704) 

Indanthrene blue (C. I. 1113) 

PTA Peacock blue GG 

*PTA Peacock blue R (C. I. 664) 

*PTMA Peacock blue R (C. I. 664) 

*PhthaIocyanine blue B 

Phthalocyanine blue G 

Phthalocyanine blue RS 

Phthalocyanine blue SBL 

Pigment blue WNL 

*PMA Setofrlaucine (Peacock blue G) (C. I. 658).. . 
*PTA Setoglaucine (Peacock blue G) (C. I. 658) 



82,235,295. 

82,260. 

23, 31, 102, 113, 151, 176, 211, 
235, 249, 267. 282, 295, 304, 
392, 407. 438. 473, 477, 535. 

235. 

33.73,176. 

31, 146, 151, 235, 251, 267, 304. 

371, 433, 438, 498, 535. 
263. 

190,267. 
267. 

23,102,151,176,235,477,555. 
73,151. 
263. 
23. 
433 

73,151,176,267,295,498. 
151,263. 
263. 
146. 

267,473. 
31, 73, 146, 176, 225, 267, 392, 

535, 555. 
113. 
23. 

73,113,235,295,498. 
73,113,151,263,295. 
33,47,82. 
23, 31, 33, 47, 73, 146, 151, 211, 

235, 260, 267, 295, 371, 433. 

438, 498, 535. 
146. 

176,267. 
304. 
73,102. 

73,211,225. 

73. 

73,211. 

263. 

23, 31, 73, 102, 113, 146, 151, 176, 

211, 267, 295, 304, 332, 392, 

433, 477, 535, 555. 
473. 
73. 

113. 

176. 

23,31,47,225,267,295,304,477. 

31,172,176,295,438. 

J02,235. 

235 , 249 , 267 , 282 , 295 , 438 , 477 . 

23, 31, 82, 151, 176, 225, 235, 249, 

267, 282, 295, 304, 392, 438, 

473, 477. 



113,438. 
113,498. 

23,225,282,332,433,467. 

214,260. 

235. 

235. 

113,304,438. 

31, 146, 189. 214, 225, 235, 267, 

392, 433, 535. 
146,235,535. 
225. 

146,189. 
189. 
82,235. 
438. 



98 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 13B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Lakes and toners for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Product 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



TONERS OR FULL-STRENGTH COLORS— Continued 

*Blue toners — Continued 

*PTMA Setoglaucine (Peacock blue G) (C. I. 658) 

*PMA Victoria blue B (C. I. 729) 

*PTA Victoria blue B (C. I. 729) 

*PTMA Victoria blue B (C. I. 729) 

*PM A Victoria blue R (C. I. 728) 

*PTA Victoria blue R (C. I. 728) 

*PTMA Victoria blue R (C. I. 728) 

*PMA Victoria pure blue B (Pr. 198) 

*PTA Victoria pure blue B (Pr. 198) 

*PTMA Victoria pure blue B (Pr. 198) 



All other 

Brown toners: 

Para brown 

PMA brown 

Havana brown 

All other 

*Green toners: 

*PMA Brilliant green (C. I. 662) . . 
*PTA BrilUant green (C. I. 662)... 
*PTMA Brilliant green (C. I. 662). 



*PMA BriUiant green (C. I. 662) and thioflavine (C. I. 815)... 
*PTA BriUiant green (C. I. 662) and thioflavine (C. I. 815) ... 
*PTMA Brilliant green (C. I. 662) and thioflavine (C. I. 815). 

*PMA Malachite green (C. L 657) 

*PTA Malachite green (C. I. 657) 

*PTMA Malachite green (C. I. 657) 



*PTA Malachite green (C. I. 657) and thioflavine (C. I. 815) 

*PTMA Malacliite green (C. I. 657) and thioflavine (C. I. 815)—. 

PMA Peacock blue GG, and thioflavine (C. I. 815) 

Phthalocyanine blue and zinc yellow 

♦Phthalocyanine green 

♦Pigment green B toner (Pr. 149) 

All other 

♦Maroon toners: 

Helio Bordeaux (Lithosol Bordeaux 2BL) (C. I. 84) 

Helio Bordeaux BL (Pr. 110) 

*j3-Hydroxynaphthoic maroon (B. O. N. Maroon) (Lithol maroon) 

Indanthrene maroon 

Lithol red 3G, manganese toner 

Naphthol AS-D (Pr. 306) 

Naphthol AS-OL maroon 

Naphthol AS-SW (Pr. 313) 

*a-Naphthylamine maroon (C. L 82) 

Permanent Bordeaux F2R 

*Toluidine maroon 

♦Orange toners: 

Benzidine orange 

Dianisidine orange 

*2,4-DinitroaniUne orange .' 



Lithosol fast orange R. 

Lithosol orange OTP... 

Naphthol AS (Pr. 302) . 

*o-Nitroanihne orange... 



Vulcan fast orange G 

Vulcan fast orange GRN 

All other 

♦Red toners: 

Azo red 

Bona-arylamine 

*o-Chloronitroaniline red (Chlorinated para red). 



p-Chloronitroaniline red 

♦Eosine toner (Bromo acid toner) (C. I. 768). 

PTA Fuchsine (Magenta) (C. I. 677) 

Gentex red DP 

Gentex red RP 

Helio fast rubine 4BLA 

Helio fast pink RLA (Pr. Ill) 

Lithol red 2G 



23,73,113,172,176,235,304. 

82,282,473,498,535. 

2,146,267,332,433,555. 

23,31,73,2.35,498. 

82,267. 

295. 

304,438. 

73,235,267. 

73. 

73, 113, 151, 172, 176, 225, 235, 

477. 
23,33,176,189,473,535. 

23,113,473. 

263. 

82. 

113. 

82,282,498. 

33,332,433,535,555. 

23, 31. 73, 113, 146, 176, 235, 267, 

282, 295, 438, 473, 498. 
172,235,304,473,477. 
2,267. 
31. 113, 146, 151. 172, 176, 225, 

235, 304, 438, 477, 498. 535. 
225,235,282.371.473. 
2,73,146,235,267.295. 
31. 73. 113. 151, 172, 225. 282, 

304. 438. 477. 
235. 

113.304. 
235. 
267. 

146.189,214,267,392,535. 
146,189,433,535. 
73,433. 

235. 

189. 

146, 214, 235, 260, 267. 371, 392, 

433, 498, 535. 
214,260. 
146. 

214.235,433. 
214. 
433. 

235,260,371,535. 
189. 
146.214.235.260.433. 

113,214,235.433. 

235. 

23, 31, 151, 235. 267, 433, 473, 

535, 555. 
267. 
146. 
433. 
151, 172, 225, 235, 260, 267, 433, 

467, 473. 498, 535. 
189,267,433. 
189. 
172. 

392. 

146,467. 

23, 31, 151, 172, 176, 214, 235. 
267, 392, 433, 467, 473, 535, 555. 
113,146,151,433,438,535. 
23, 172, 176, 249, 282, 332, 438.477. 
438. 
189. 
189. 
73,189. 
189. 
433. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



99 



Table 13B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Lakes and toners for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Product 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



TONERS OR FULL-STRENGTH COLORS— Continued 

*Red toners — Continued 

*Lithol red R toners (C. I. 189) : 

♦Barium toner 



*Calcium toner. 



*Sodium toner. 



All other 

*Lithol rubine B (C. I. 163). 



*Lithosol red 2B 

Lithosol red CSP 

♦Naphthol AS (Pr. 302) 

Naphthol AS-BS (Pr. 305). 
*C. I. 44, Para red, light 



*Para red, dark. 



Permanent carmine PR 

♦Permanent red 2B 

Permanent red FBL, FBT ex., FKB, FKR ex., F2RD spec, KBN. 

Pigment rubine 3G 

Pigment scarlet 3B 

P^fOTRed 

*RedlakeC (C. I. 165) 



214). 



*Red lake D (C. L 
Red lake P 

*PMA Rhodamine B (C. I. 749) 

*PTA Rhodamine B (C. I. 749) 

*PTMA Rhodamine B (C. I. 749) 

*PMA Rhodamine 6G (Rhodamine Y) (C. I. 752).. 
*PTA Rhodamine 6G (Rhodamine Y) (C. I. 752) _.. 
*PTM.\ Rhodamine 6G (Rhodamine Y) (C. I. 752). 

PTMA Rhodamine 6GDN 

Rubine 3G 

*C. I. 69, Toluidine red 



Vulcan fast red B 

Vulcan fast red BBE 

All other 

Violet toners: 

PTA Crystal violet (C. I. 681) . . . 
*PMA Methyl violet B (C. I. 680). 



*PTA Methyl violet B (C. I. 680) 

*PTMA Methyl violet B (C. L 680) 

♦Methyl violet B toners (C. I. 680), other. 



Ponsol violet 

♦Yellow toners: 
♦Benzidine yellow. 



Dibenzidine yellow (C. I. 1132). 
♦Pr. 103, Hansa yeUow G 



Hansa yellow 3G 

Pr. 104, Hansa yellow 6G.- 

♦Pr. 105, Hansa yellow lOG. 

Pr. 280, Hansa yellow 3R.. 



23, 31, 82, 113, 146, 172, 225, 235, 

267, 282, 392, 407, 433, 438, 

467, 473, 498. 
23, 31, 82, 113, 146, 172, 176, 211, 

225, 235, 267, 282, 371, 392, 

407, 433, 438, 467, 473, 535. 
23, 172, 225, 267, 433, 438, 467, 

473. 
235,433. 
31, 73, 82, 113, 146, 172, 176, 214, 

225, 235, 260, 267, 295, 392, 

433, 438, 473, 477, 535. 
73,176,214,267,392. 
146. 

23,113,151,172,433. 
23,433. 
23, 31, 33, 73, 82, 151, 172, 214. 

225, 235, 260, 267, 282. 371, 

392 , 407 , 467 , 473 , 498 , 535 , X. 
23, 31, 33, 73, 82, 146, 151, 172, 

214, 225, 235, 260, 267, 282. 

371, 392, 407, 438, 467, 473, 

498, 535. 
189. 

146 , 172 , 225 , 235 , 438 , 473 , 535 . 
189. 

113,189,267. 
189. 
235. 
23, 31, 82, 113, 172, 176, 225, 235, 

249, 267, 282, 407, 433, 438, 

467, 473, 498. 
82,392,438,555. 
555. 

113,282,433. 
146. 
23, 73, 82, 113, 151, 172, 176, 225. 

235, 304, 332, 438. 
267,433. 
113,438. 
31, 73, 82, 146, 151, 172, 176, 225, 

235, 304, 332, 477. 
23. 
235. 
23, 31, 33, 82, 146, 151, 172, 176, 

214, 225, 235, 260, 267, 371, 

392, 407, 433, 438, 467, 473, 

498, 535, X. 
189. 

189,214. 
73,176. 

146. 

2, 31, 73, 82, 149, 151, 176, 225. 

235, 267, 282, 295, 304, 332. 

371, 392, 433, 438. 477, 498, 

535. 
73, 146, 172, 267, 295, 392, 433, 

477. 
23, 31, 73, 113, 172, 225, 235, 267, 

304, 332,438, 473, 477. 
2, 23, 73, 113, 149, 225, 235, 267. 

282, 438, 467, 477. 
146. 

23, 146, 214, 225, 235, 267, 282, 
392, 433, 438, 473, 477, 555. 

214. 

23, 31, 82, 146, 151, 176, 214, 225, 
235, 249, 267, 282, 392, 433, 
438, 473, 477, 555. 

151. 

151,225,235. 

151,214,225,235,267,392,433. 

189. 



100 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 13B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Lakes and toners for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1 947 — Continued 



Product 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



TONERS OR FULL-STRENGTH COLORS— Continued 

♦Yellow toners— Continued 

Indanthrene yellow (C. I. 1118) 

Lithol fast yellow GG toner (p-Chloro-o-nitroaniline yeUow toner) 
(C. I. 14). 

Lithol fast yellow GGA ex 

Lithol yellow G 

Lithosol yellow G 

Vulcan fast yellow G 

EXTENDED OR REDUCED TONERS 

*Blue toners, reduced: 

Dianisidine blue 

Indanthrene blue BCD (C. I. 1113) 

*PMA Peacock blue R (C. I. 664)... 

*PTA Peacock blue R (C. I. 664)... 

*PTMA Peacock blue R (C. I. 664) 

Phthalocyanine blue B 



Phthalocyanine blue G 

Phthalocyanine blue R 

Phthalocyanine blue, other 

*PMA Setoglaucine (Peacock blue G) (C. I. 658) 

*PTMA Setoglaucine (Peacock blue G) (C. I. 658) 

*Setoglaucine, other 

*PMA Victoria blue B (C. L 729) 

*PTA Victoria blue B (C. I. 729)-.. 

*PTMA Victoria blue B (C. I. 729)... 

PMA Victoria blue R (C. I. 728) 

PTA Victoria blue R (C. I. 728) 

PMA Victoria pure blue B (Pr. 198) . 

All other 

Green toners, reduced: 

*PTA Brilliant green (C. I. 662) 

*PTMA Brilliant green (C. I. 662) 

*PMA Brilliant green (C. I. 662) and thioflavine (C. I. 815) 

*PTA Brilliant green (C. I. 662) and thioflavine (C. I. 815) 

*PTMA Brilliant green (C. I. 662) and thioflavine (C. I. 815)... 

*PMA Malachite green (C. I. 657) 

*PTA Malachite green (C. I. 657) 

*PTMA Malachite green (C. I. 657) 

*PMA Malachite green (C. I. 657) and thioflavine (C. I. 815)... 

*PTA Malachite green (C. I. 657) and thioflavine (C. I. 815) 

♦Malachite green (C. I. 657) and thioflavine (C. I. 815), other... 

Phthalocyanine green 

Pigment green B toner (Pr. 149) 

Shamrock green 

All other 

Maroon toners, reduced: 

Bona-arylamine 

/3-Hydroxynaphthoic maroon (B. O. N. Maroon) (Lithol maroon) 

C. I. 82, a-Naphthylamine maroon 

p-Phenetidin maroon 

Toluidine maroon 

♦Orange toners, reduced: 

2 ,4-Dinitroaniline orange 

o-Nitroaniline orange 

Hansa orange Y 

All other 

♦Red toners, reduced: 

Azo red 

Brilliant lake R 

o-Chloronitroaniline red (Chlorinated para red) 

p-Chloronitroaniline red 

Dianisidine-phenylmethylpyrazolone 

Eosine toner (Bromo acid toner) (C. I. 768) 

Indanthrene pink RA red 

♦Lithol red R toners (C. I. 189): 

♦Barium toner 



♦Calcium toner 

Sodium toner 

All other 

♦Lithol rubine B (C. I. 163). 
Lithosol red BP 

♦C. I. 44, Para red, light 



214. 
392. 

189. 
189. 
146. 
189,214. 



214. 

214. 

113. 

113. 

176,225,235,438. 

31, 113, 146, 151, 214, 260. 392, 

498, 535. 
267, 535. 
146. 

251,260. 
235 

31,73,146,151,176,235,438. 
113. 

73,235,295. 
73,113,146,235. 
31,73,176,281. 
113. 
235. 
225. 
73. 

146,267. 

31,73,235,477. 

438. 

113,151. 

151,251,304,535. 

295. 

73. 

73,211. 

211. 

113. 

235. 

146,151,267,392,498,535. 

146,251,433. 

151,433. 

73. 

146. 
146. 
535. 
535. 
214,392. 

113,267. 

151,433,535. 

113. 

172. 

392. 

214. 

113,151. 

146,235. 

146. 

176. 

113. 

31, 113, 146, 172, 225, 267, 438, 

498. 
172,267,438. 
172,225,535. 
113,295. 

31,73,113,146,235,295,392. 
146. 
73, 235, 260, 371, 498, 535, X. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



101 



Table 13B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Lakes and toners for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Product 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



EXTENDED OR REDUCED TONERS— Continued 

♦Red toners, reduced — Continued 

♦Para red, dark 



Permanent red 2B 

Phloxine (C. I. 774) 

Red lake C (C. I. 165) 

*PMA Rhodamine B (C. I. 749).-. 

♦PTA Rhodamine B (C. I. 749) 

♦PTMA Rhodamine B (C. I. 749) .. 
PTA Rhodamine 6G (C. I. 752).. 

♦PTMA Rhodamine 6G (C. I. 752). 

Rubine 3G 

Scarlet base 2G 

♦C. I. 69, Toluidine red 



All other 

Violet toners, reduced: 

PMA Ethyl violet (C. I. 682) 

PTA Ethyl violet (C. I. 682) 

PTMA Ethyl violet (C. I. 682) 

♦PMA Methyl violet B (C. I. 680) 

♦PTA Methyl violet B (C. I. 680) 

♦PTMA Methyl violet B (C. I. 680) 

♦Methyl violet B toners (C. I. 680), other. 

All other 

♦Yellow toners, reduced: 

♦Benzidine yellow 

Dibenzidine yellow (C. I. 1132) 

♦Pr. 103, Hansa yellow G 

Pr. 104, Hansa yellow 5G 

Pr. 105, Hansa yellow lOG 



73, 82, 151, 172, 225, 235, 267, 

371, 498, 535. 
146,172,225,535. 
438. 

172,211,225,438,535. 
113. 
146. 

73,113,438,477. 
267. 

31,73,113,146,251,438. 
31,146. 
251. 
113, 146, 151, 211, 225, 235, 260, 

267, 371, 433, 498, 535. 
73,172. 

113,235. 

235. 

113,281. 

73,113,151,225,235. 

73,146,172,235. 

31.73,113. 

23,73,225,438.498. 

260. 

23,214,235,433. 

214. 

31,113,146,214,235,433. 

235. 

151. 



Note. — The C. I. and Pr. numbers stand for Colour Index and Foreign Prototype numbers of the 
dyes from which the lakes or toners may be produced. When the number precedes the name of the 
toner, it signifies that the toner is the same as the dye described in the Colour Index or Foreign Proto- 
type listing. The abbreviations, PMA, PTA, and PTMA stand for phosphomolybdic, phosphotungstic, 
and phosphotungstomolybdic acids, respectively. 



MEDICINALS 

Table 14B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which United States pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 

[Medicinals for which separate statistics are given in table 14A are marked below with an asterisk (♦) ; 
medicinals not so marked do not appear in table 14A because the reported data are confidential and 
may not be published. Manufacturers are identified by numbers in the alphabetical list appearing 
in table 24. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the pubhcation of his identi- 
fication number with the designated product) 



Chemical 


Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 


MEDICINALS, CYCLIC 

Benzenoid 


107,141,309,323. 


Acetol salicylate (l-Hydroxy-2-propanone salicylate) _ 


100. 


•Acetophenetidin (Phenacetin) . . 


107,141,183 323. 


Acetyl-p-aminophenyl saUcylate (Phenetsal) ..... 


98,547. 


Acetylglycol sahcylate 


183 


N-Acetyl-4-hydroxy-m-arsanilic acid (Acetarsone) (Stovarsol) 

* AcetylsahcyUc acid (Aspirin) .. 


1,313,547. 
141,247,320,323,472 547. 


•Acetyl tannic acid (Tannigen) (Tannyl acetate) 


100,177,273,374,547. 


Amino acids; 

Dibromotyrosine ... . _ . 


273. 


d-Diethyltyrosine . . 


70 




168. 


d-Dimethylphenylalanine . . ... 


70. 


d-Phenylalanine . . 


70. 


dl-Phenylalanine . . . . . . 


313,547. 


d-Tyrosine .. .. . . . 


70. 


1-Tyrosine . . 


232 313 364 


•p-Aminobenzoic acid 


153,262,278.313.374,383,42 . 



102 



UNITED STATE,S TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 14B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which United States pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 
Benzenoid— Continued 
*p-Aminobenzoic acid derivatives: 

n-Amyl p-aminobenzoate 

n-Amylaminoethyl p-aminobenzoate hydrochloride (Amylcaine) 

Anhydro-o-sulf aminobenzoic acid 

n-Butyl p-aminobenzoate (Butesin) 

Di(n-butyl p-aminobenzoate) trinitrophenol (Butesin picrate) 

3-Di-n-butylaminopropyl p-aminobenzoate (Butacaine base) 

3-Di-n-butylaminopropyl p-aminobenzoate sulfate (Butacaine 

sulfate). 
/3-Diethylaminoethyl p-aminobenzoate, base and derivatives: 

Procaine base (Novacaine base) 

Procaine borate 

Procaine cinnamate 

•Procaine hydrochloride 

Dimethylaminoethyl p-butylaminobenzoate (Tetracaine) 

'Ethyl p-aminobenzoate (Benzocaine) (Anaesthesine) 

Isobutyl p-aminobenzoate 

Isobutylaminoethyl p-aminobenzoate (Monocaine) 

Propyl p-aminobenzoate 

p-Aminohippuric acid 

3-Amino-4-hydroxyphenyldichloroarsine hydrochloride (Dichloro- 

phenarsine hydrochloride) (Chlorarsen) . 
3-Amino-4-hydroxyphenylarsine oxide hydrochloride (Mapharsen) . 

4-Amino-2-methyl-l-naphthol hydrochloride (Synkamin) 

4-Amino-4'-nitrodiphenylsulf one 

Arsanilic acid and salt 

Arsphenamine 

Atropine, synthetic, and salts 

Atropine methyl bromide 

Benzaldehyde . 

BenzUic acid (DiphenylglycoUc acid) 

Benzoic acid 

Benzoic acid salts: 

Lithium benzoate 

Magnesium benzoate 

•Benzyl alcohol, medicinal grade 

Benzyl succinate 

Bismuth arsphenaminesulf onate 

Bismuth iodosubgallate 

Bismuth /3-naphthol 

•Bismuth subgaUate 

•Bismuth subsaUcylate 

•Bismuth tetrabromopyrocatechol 

Bismuth tribromophenate 

m-Bromoacetophenyl benzoate (Neoxyn) 

Calcium benzyl phthalate 

Calcium cresolsulf onate 

Calcium iodoxybenzoate 

*p-Carbamidobenzenearsonic acid (Carbasone) 

Chloromerouri-4-nitro-o-cresol 

Chlorothymol 

Colchicine salicylate 

m-Cresyl acetate (Cresatin) 

Desoxyephedrine, base 

•Desoxyephedrine hydrochloride 

Diacetylaminoazotoluene 

3,4'-Di(acetylamino)-4-hydroxy-2'-phenoxyacetic acid arsenoben- 

zene, sodium salt (Solusalvarsan). 
p,p'-Diaminodiphenylsulfone-N,N'-di(dextrose sodium sulfonate)-, 

2,5-Diaminotoluene sulfate 

-y-Diethylaminopropyl cinnamate hydrochloride (Apothesine) 

Diethylstilbestrol 

Diethylstilbestrol dipalmitate 

Diethylstilbestrol dipropionate 

3,4-Dihydroxyanthranol (Anthralin) 

m-Dihydroxy-di-sec-hexylbenzene (Dihexylin) 

2,4-Di(p-hydroxyphenyl)-3-ethylhexane (Benzestrol) 

3,4-Di-p-hydroxyphenyl-n-hexane (Hexestrol) 

3 ,4-Dihydroxyphenylpropanolamine hydrochloride 

j3-(3,5-Di-iodo-4-hydroxyphenyl)-a-Phenylpropionic acid 

l-Dimethylamino-2-(dimethylaminomethyl)-2-butanol benzoate 

hydrochloride (Alypin hydrochloride). 
N,N-Dimethyl-6-amino-4,4-diphenylheptanone hy drochlori de 

(Dolophine). 
Dimethylaminomethylphenyl phosphinous acid, sodium salt 



58. 

506. 

273. 

1,183,383. 

1. 

1. 

1,533. 



1,272,374,383,547. 

1,547. 

387 

1,183,374,383,403,547. 

547. 

1,58.183,188,313,547. 

183,374,383. 

506. 

183,374. 

8. 

356,547. 

356. 

356. 

8. 

313. 

1,313,547. 

238,305. 

305,387. 

222,518. 

278. 

80,323. 

100, 374, X. 

422. 

58, 435, X. 

278,313,422. 

1. 

100,387. 

313. 

50,138,296,313,333.365. 

296,313,333. 

100,273,387. 

313,374. 

141,473. 

177. 

547. 

177,441. 

76,129,273,286,387. 

1. 

313,349. 

238. 

423. 

71,183. 

71,76,129,161,183.262.278. 383. 

100,387. 

547. 

356. 

153. 

356. 

20,71,286,454,510.x. 

1. 

1,71,547. 

1. 

356. 

23. 

314,510,525. 

547. 

X. 

547. 

286. 

387.547. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



103 



Table 14B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which United States pro' 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Benzenoid — Continued 

Dimethyldiphenylene disulfide 

DimethylstUbestrol 

Diphenylacetic acid 

Diphenylacetyldiethylaminoethanol hydrochloride 

•Diphenylheptanone (Methadon) 

Diphenyl hydantoine base 

Disodium acetarsonate 

*Dyes, medicinal: 

Acri violet 

Brilliant green 

D & C red #39 - 

3,6-Diaminoacridine dihydrochloride 

3,6-Dianiinoacridine sulfate (Proflavine) 

3,6-Diamino-lO-methylacridine chloride (Acriflavine) 

Dibromobydroxymercurifluorescein, sodium salt (Mercurochrome) 

Gentian violet 

Methylene blue 

Methyl violet 

Scarlet red (Phenol red) 

Tetraiodophenolphthalein and sodium salt 

Trypan blue 

1-Ephedrine, synthetic, and salts 

Ephedrine and salts (racemic) 

Ephedrine derivatives: 

Ephedrine benzoate 

Ephedrine camphosulf onate 

Ephedrine cinnamate 

Ephedrine ethylmercurithiosalicylate 

n-Ethylephedrine hydrochloride 

Ethyliodophenylundecylate (Pantopaque) 

Formaldehyde sulfoxylate diaminodiphenylsulfone disodiiun (Dia- 
sone) . 

Gallic acid 

Germanin 

Guaiacol, liquid and crystalline 

*Hexylresorcinol 

Homoveratroyl homoveratrylamine 

Hydrocinnamic acid 

Hydroqmnone n-amyl ether ( Amol) 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid esters: 

Benzyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

n-Butyl p-hydroxybenzoate (Butoben) 

Ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

Propyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

Hydroxymercuri-4-nitro-o-cresol anhydride 

l-a-Hydroxy-/3-methylamino-3-hydroxyethylbenzene hydrochloride 
(Neo-synephrine hydrochloride). 

4-Hydroxy-3-nitrobenzenearsonic acid 

p-Hydroxyphenylisopropylamine hydrobromide 

o-Hydroxyphenylmercuric chloride (o-Chloromercuriphenol) 

o-Iodobenzoic acid 

o-Iodosobenzoic acid 

Lactyl-p-phenetidine 

Lithium benzosaUcylate 

Lithium hippurate 

Mandehc acid 

*MandeUc acid salts: 

Ammonium mandelate 

Calcium mandelate 

Sodium mandelate 

Mercurphen powder 

N-Methylacetanilid (Exolgin) 

1-Methylaminoethanol catechol (Epinephrine) 

p-Methylaminoethanolphenol tartrate 

4-(2-Methylaminoethyl)pyrocatechol (Epinine) (3,4-Dihydroxy- 
phenylethylmethylamine) . 

M ethyl m-amino-p-hydroxybenz oate (Orthof orm) 

Methylene disalicylic acid derivative (Formadine) 

Monoethanolamine mandelate 

P-Naphthol - 

•^-Naphthyl benzoate 

•Neoarsphenamine 



547. 

20. 

278. 

103. 

1,272, 296, 313, X. 

273. 

547. 



356. 

1,296. 

1,8,296. 

1,8. 

100.234. 

8. 

23. 

8. 

8,58. 

8,58,76,296. 

8. 

313. 

313. 

286. 
273. 
286. 
286. 
314. 
153. 
1. 

296. 

547. 

222,323. 

129, 218, 262, 273, 374, 387, 423. 

547. 
183. 
183. 
423. 

222. 

183,222. 

183,222. 

183,222. 

183,222. 

1. 

474. 

313. 

441. 

76, X. 

441. 

177,441. 

387. 

313. 

356. 

296,313. 

313,454. 

296,313. 

296. 

313 

100 1273,374. 

305,383,547. 

474. 

76. 

547. 

222. 

286. 

177. 

60,98,177,273,313. 

1,138,313,454,547. 



104 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 14B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which United States pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



MEDICINALS. CYCLIC— Continued 
Benzenoid — Contiziued 

Octylresorcinol 

Phenacaine hydrochloride ([Di-p-ethoxyphenyl]acetamidine) 

Phenarsine hydrochloride 

Phenolphthalein 

'Phenolsulfonic acid salts: 

Ammonium phenolsulf onate 

Calcium phenolsulf onate 

Copper phenolsulf onate 

Sodium phenolsulf onate 

Zinc phenolsulf onate 

P-Phenylisopropylamine base 

^-Phenylisopropylamine phosphate 

(S-Phenylisopropylamine sulfate (Benzedrine sulfate) 

Phenyl mercuric derivatives: 

Phenylmercuric acetate 

Phenylmercuric benzoate 

Phenylmercuric borate 

Phenylmercuric chloride 

Phenylmercuric hydroxide 

Phenylmercuric iodide 

Phenylmercuric nitrate 

Phenylpropanolamine hydrochloride (Propadrin hydrochloride) 

^-Phenyl-n-propylmethylamine 

Phenyl salicylate (Salol) 

Propenyl methyl guaethol 

Quinine bismuth iodide 

Resorcinol monoacetate 

Salicylamide 

'Salicylic acid 

'Salicylic acid salts: 

Ammonium salicylate 

'Calcium salicylate 

Lithium salicylate 

Magnesium saUcylate 

'Sodium salicylate 

Strontium salicylate 

Salicylsalicy lie acid 

Silver picrate 

Sodium p-aminophenylarsonate 

Sodium antimony III bis-catechoI-2,4-disuIfonate (Fouadin) 

Sodium benzyl phthalate 

Sodium benzyl succinate 

Sodium p-ethylmercurithiophenylsulf onate 

Sodium ethylmercurithiosalicylate 

Sodium o-iodohippurate (Hippuran) 

Sodium methylenesulfonaminohydroxyphenyl arsenate (Aldarsone) 

Sodium p-toluenesulfonchloramine (Chloramine T) 

Stilbamine glucoside (Neostam) 

♦Sulfa drujjs: 

4-Amino-4'-(dimethylsulfamyl)benzenesulfonanilide (Uliron) 

Benzoylsulfanilamide 

p-Benzylaminobenzenesulf onamide 

D i s o d i u m 4-sulf amino-phenyl-2-azo-7-acetylamino-l-hydroxy- 
naphthalene-3,6-disulf onate (Prontosil soluble). 

Phthalylsulfathiazole 

Succinylsulfathiazole 

*Sulf a-acetamide ( N- Acetylsulf anilamide) 

Sulf a-acetamide, sodium salt 

Sulfadiazine 

Sulfadiazine, sodium salt 

Sulfadimethyldiazine 

Sulfaguanidine 

Sulfallantoin 

Sulfamerazine (2-Sulfanilamido-4-methylpyrimidine) 

Sulfamerazine. sodium salt 

Sulfanilamide (p-Aminobenzenesulfonamide) 

Sulfapyridine (2-Sulfanilamide pyridine) 

Sulfapyridine, sodium salt 

*Sulfathiazole 

Sulf athiazele, sodium salt 

Sulfoarsphenamine 

Tannin albuminate (Tannalbin) 

Tannin-formaldehyde (Tannoform) 

Tannin-yeast 

Thiosalicylic acid 



177. 

533,547. 
1 , 454 . 
323. 

141,313. 

296,313. 

296,313. 

141,296,313. 

141,296,313. 

129,183,441. 

278 

183;383,441. 

210. 

210. 

210. 

210. 

210. 

210. 

210. 

423. 

314. 

141. 

183. 

273,387. 

153,177,422. 

7. 

141,222,323,473. 

141,296. 

100,141,296.374. 

100, X. 

100,141,296. 

141,222,323. 

141,222,296. 

374,388. 

387. 

76,273. 

547. 

177. 

278. 

286. 

286. 

296. 

1. 

323. 

76. 

547. 
23,323. 
547. 
547. 

20,278,323,359. 

20, 278,. 323, 359. 

23, 313, 403, X. 

X. 

23, X. 

23, X. 

23. 

23. 

417. 

23. 

23. 

23,76,313,323. 

23,313. 

23. 

23, 286, 313, 323, 454, X. 

23, 313,. 547, X. 

1,313,454,547. 

100, 177, 273,. S74. 

100,177,374. 

100,177,547. 

286. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



105 



Table 14B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which United States pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 
Benzenoid — Continued 



Thymol 

Thymol iodide 

Tryparsamide 

Tyramine ethanesulf onate 

Vitamins : 

*K (Menadione) (2-Methyl-l ,4-naphthoquinone) 

*K [(2-Methyl-l, 4-naphthoquinone-diphosphoric ester tetrasodium 

salt)] (Thyloquinine). 
*Ki (2-Methyl-3-phy tyl- 1 ,4-naphthoquinone) 

Zinc sulf anilate 



Alicyclic and Heterocyclic 

Adenine, base 

Adenine hydrochloride 

Adenine sulfate 

Adinosine 

Adenylic acid 

Allantoin (5-Ureidohydantoin) 

*Amino acids: 

d-Diethylhistidine 

Histamine, base 

Histamine dihydrochloride 

Histamine phosphate 

d-Histidine 

1-Histidine 

Histidine monohydroihloride 

1-Hydroxyproline 

1- Proline 

d-Tryptophane , 

1-Try ptophane 

dl-Tryptophane 

Aminopyrine bicamphorate 

Aminopyrine salicylate 

Antipyrine 

*AntipjTine salicylate 

Atropine amineoxide hydrochloride 

Atropine methyl bromide 

Barbituric acid 

*Barbituric acid derivatives: 

5-Allyl-5-cyclopentenylbarbituric acid and salt 

AUyl isopropyl acetyl carbamide 

5-Allyl-5-isopropy Ibarbit uric acid 

5-Allyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid and salt (^^Iphenal) 

Aminopyrine diethylbarbiturate ( Veramon) (Peralga) 

5-n-Butyl-5-ethylbarbituric acid 

5-Cyclohexanyl-5-ethylbarbituric acid and salt 

*5,5-Diallylbarbituric acid 

5,5-Diethylbarbituric acid (Barbital) 

5,5-Diethylbarbituric acid, sodium salt 

5-Ethyl-o-(sec)-butylbarbituric acid and salt 

5-Ethyl-5-n-hexylbarbituric acid, sodium salt 

5-Ethyl-5-isoamylbarbituric acid and salt 

5-Ethyl-5-isopropylbarbituric acid and salt 

5-Ethyl-5-(l-methylbutilidene-l) barbituric acid (Delvinal) 

*5-Ethyl-5-(l-methyl-n-butyl)barbituric acid (Pentobarljital) 

*5-Ethyl-5-(l-methyl-n-butyl)barbituric acid, sodium salt 

5-Ethyl-o-(l-methyl-n-butyl)thiobarbituric acid and salt 

*5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid (Phenobarbital) (Luminal) 

5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid, calcium salt (Phenobarbital 
calcium). 
*5-Ethyl-5-phenyIbarbituric acid, sodium salt (Phenobarbital 
sodium). 

N-Methyl-5-cyclohexenyl-5-methylbarbituric acid and salt 

N-Methyl-5-ethyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid 

Methylpropylcarbinyl allylbarbituric acid, sodium salt 

*Bile acids and salts: 

Bilron 

Carcholin 

Cholic acid 



*Dehydrocholic acid 

Dehydrocholic acid, sodium salt. 



349, X,X. 
296,313,333. 
313,454. 
76. 

1,177,314,350,374,383. 

224,454. 

313. 
76. 



418. 

418. 

153,418. 

418. 

418. 

417. 

70. 

356,516. 

224,516. 

516. 

70. 

224. 

364] 374, 516. 

313. 

313,516. 

70. 

141,364,516. 

313,547. 

100,177,374. 

273,374 . 

141. 

141,177,218,262,278,313,374. 

131. 

273. 

1,313. 

188. 

224. 

224,273. 

188. 

262. 

1. 

547. 

103,188,273. • 

1,188,224,273,286. 

1,188,224,380. 

X. 

356. 

286. 

X. 

188, X. 

1,58,188. 

1,58,188,286,380. 

1. 

1,58,188,256,296,313,547. 

58. 

1,58,188,286,296,313,547. 

547. 
547. 
286. 

286. 
313. 
71, 161, 305, 359, 516, 546, 547, 

X. 
71, 297, 305, 359, 516, 546, X. 
161. 



106 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 14B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which United States pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Alicydic and Heterocyclic — Continued 

•Bile acids and salts — Continued 

*Desoxycholic acid 

Ketocholanic acids 

Mixed bile acids, extracted 

Mixed oxidized bile acids 

Bismuth camphenilanate 

"Bromocamphor, mono 

a-Butyloxycinchoninic acid diethylethylenediamide and hydro- 
chloride. 

Cafi'eine, from theobromine 

'Caffeine derivatives: 

Caffeine citrate 

Caffeine hydrobromide 

Caffeine sodium benzoate 

Caffeine sodium salicylate 

Calcium phy tate 

Camphor, synthetic, U. S. P 

Camphoric acid 

Camphoric anhydride 

•Camphosulf onic acid 

•Camphosulfonic acid salts: 

Bismuth camphosulf onate 

Calcium camphosulf onate 

Sodium camphosulf onate 

Sparteine camphosulf onate . 

7-Chloro-4-hydroxyquinoline-2-carboxylic acid 

Cinchophen hydroiodide 

Desoxycorticosterone acetate (Cortate) --- 

n-Diethylaminoisopentyl-8-amino-6-methoxyquinoline (Plasmochin) 

Dihydrocodeinone bitartrate 

Di-iodochelidamic acid 

*5,7-Di-iodo-8-hydroxyquinoline 

3,5-Di-iodo-N-methyl-4-pyridoxyl-2,6-dicarboxylic acid, disodium 
salt (Neo-iopax). 

3,5-Di-io do-4-pyridon-N-acetic acid diethanolamine 

4-Dimet hylaminoantipyrine (Aminopyrine) 

N,N'-Dimethyl-N'-benzyl-N'-pyridylethylene-diamine 

N,N'-Dimethylpiperazine 

Diphenylhydantoin, base 

Eserine aminoxide salicylate 

Eserine saUcylate 

Estradiol 

Estradiol esters: 

a-Estradiol 3-benzoate 

a-Estradiol 3, 17-dipropionate 

Estrone (Ketohydroxyestrin) 

Ethinyi estradiol 

Ethiny 1 tesitosterone 

2-Ethoxy-6r9-diaminoacridine and salts 

Ethy Ai- methyl-4-phenylpiperidine-4-carboxylate (Demerol) 

Eucat-Po pine hydrochloride 

/3-d-G Ju cose pent-a-acetate 

Guanine 

Guanine hydrochloride 

Guanosine 

Guanylic acid — 

Hexamethyleneamine acetaminosalicyUc acid (Salihexin) 

Hexamethylenetetramine 

*Hexamethylenetetramineanhydromethylene citrate (Helmitol) 

Hexamethylenetetramine mandelate 

Hexamethylenetetramine methylene citrate 

Hexamethylenetetramine methyl iodide 

Hexamethylenetetramine sulf osalicylate 

Hexamethylenetetramine tetra-iodide 

Homatropine and salts 

Homatropine methyl bromide 

*8-Hydroxyquinoline base and derivatives: 

8-Hydroxyquinoline base (Oxyquinoline base) 

8-Hydroxyquinoline benzoate 

8-Hydroxyquinoline citrate 

8-Hydroxyquinoline hydrochloride 

8-Hydroxyquinoline phosphate 

8-Hydroxyquinoline salicylate 

*8-Hydroxyquinoline sulfate 



71,305,516,546. 

71,297. 

161. 

161,474,546. 

547. 

100,141,296. 

103. 

309,323. 

218,296,313,323,333,374. 

313. 

296,313. 

296,313. 

125,455. 

146,331. 

177,273,374,387. 

177. 

100,153,177,273,374. 



273. 

100, 

100, 

273. 

473. 

286. 

X. 

547. 

161, 

313. 

262, 

X. 



153,177,273,374. 
153,177,218,262,273,374. 



296. 

273, 278, 374, 387, X. 



547. 

8,547. 

103. 

154. 

183. 

131. 

238. 

218, X. 

218, X. 

103, X. 

161, 218, X. 

X. 

X. 

547. 

547. 

533. 

125. 

311,418. 

418. 

418. 

418. 

1. 

146. 

100,129,262,273,547. 

384. 

177. 

387. 

313. 

369. 

238,313. 

161,278,305,313.387. 

58,313. 

58,278,313. 

278,313. 

58,273,278. 

278. 

278. 

58,273,278,313. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



107 



Table 14B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which United States pro- 
dvxAion or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Alicyclic and Heterocyclic — Continued 

*&-Hydroxyquinoli ne base and derivatives — Continued 

8-Hydroxyquinoline sulfate, potassium salt 

*8-Hydroxyquinoline-5-sulf onic acid 

8-Hydroxyquinoline-5-tannate 

Hypoxanthine 

lodochlorohydroxyquinoUne 

*7-Iodo-8-hydroxyquinoline-5-sulf onic acid (Yatren acid) and salt- . 

lodopyrine 

Iron phytate 

Menthol ethoxyacetate (Coryfin) 

Menthyl isovalerate 

Menthyl salicylate 

homo-Menthyl salicylate . ■ 

2-Methoxy-6-chloro-9-diethylaminopentylaminoacridine (Quina- 
crine hydrochloride) (Atebrin). 

^Methoxy-7-hydroxymercuric propylamide of camphoric acid 

/S-Methoxy-7-hydroxymercuric propylamide of camphoric acid with 

theophylline. 
P-Methoxy-7-hydroxymercuric propylamide of trimethylcyclopen- 
tanedicarboxylic acid (Mercurial acid). 

Methylcholanthrene 

Methyl cyclopropyl ketone 

2-(d-Methyl-d-2'-dimethylaminoethoxybenzyl) pyridine succinate. 

3,3'-Methy lene-bis-4-hydroxycoumarin (Dicoumarol) 

a-Methyl-d-glucoside 

p-Methylphenylcinchoninic ethyl ester (Neocinchophen) 

3-(2-Methylpiperidino) propyl p-cyclohexylhydroxybenzoate hydro- 
chloride (Surfocaine) . 

3-(2-Methylpiperidino)propyl benzoate hydrochloride 

Methyltestosterone 

Methylthiouracil 

5-Methyluracil 

Monoacetone glucose 

Mono-iodo-2-phenylquinoline-4-carboxy lie acid (Mono-iodo- 
cincophen). 

Naphthylmethylimidazoline 

♦Nikethamide (Niacin diethylamide) 

Nucleic acid, from yeast 

Nucleic acid salts 

Papaverine hydrochloride, synthetic 

♦Penicillin 

Phenylazodiaminopyridine hydrochloride (Pyridium) 

l-Phenyl-2,3-dimethyl-4-methylamino-5-pyrazolone formaldehyde 

bisulfite (Novaldin). 
2-Phenylquinoline-4-carboxylic acid (Cinchophen) (Phenylcincho- 

ninic acid). 
2-PhenylquinoUne-4-carboxyhc acid methyl ester (Methyl ester of 
cinchophen). 

2-Phenylquinoline-4-carboxylic acid, sodium salt 

Piperazine 

*Piperazine derivatives: 

Piperazine citrate 

Piperazine salicylate 

Piperazine tartrate 

sym-N-Tetramethylpiperazine di-iodide 

Piperidine propanediol diphenylurethane base and hydrochloride... 

Piperidine propyl benzoate pentaborate 

Progesterone 

6-Propylthiouracil 

Scopolamine amineoxide hydrobromide 

Sodium diphenylhydantoinate (Dilantin) 

♦Streptomycin 

Testosterone 

Testosterone propionate 

♦Theobromine derivatives: 

Theobromine calcium gluconate 

Theobromine calcium sahcylate 

Theobromine salicylate 

Theobromine sodium acetate 

Theobromine sodiu m salicylate 

828108—49—8 



58. 

58,273,278,374. 

58. 

418. 

100, 103, 129, 278, 374, 387, X. 

58, 76, 129, 262, 273, 278, 313, 

374,387.547. 
296. 
387. 
547. 

168, 374, 388, X. 
183. 
183. 
547. 

177. 
177. 

166. 

154. 
504. 
314. 
1. 

125. 

23. 

286. 

286. 

103, 388, X. 

418. 

418. 

125. 

23. 

103. 

1 03 , 129 , 262 , 273 , 278 , 350 , 374 . 
418. 

278,418. 
286,313. 

1, 24, 50, 72, 116, 128, 222, 224, 
286, 313, 365, 413, 454, 553, X. 
384. 
100,374,647. 

23. 

23. 



23,58. 




374 






374 






374 






374 






387 






314 






286 






198 


356 


X. 


23. 






131 






183 


313 


374. 


1,222, 286, 313, 365, 4.'i4,X 


198 


218 


X. 


103 


218 


388, X. 


297 






100 


278 




313 






296 


313 




296 


313 


333. 



108 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 14B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which United States pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Alicyclic and Heterocyclic — Continued 

♦Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine), base and derivatives: 

Theophylline aminoisobutanol 

♦Theophylline base 

♦Theophylline ethylenediamine 

TheophyUine methyl glucamine 

Theophylline monoethanolamine 

Theophylline sodium acetate 

Theophylline sodium salicylate 

Thiouracil 

3,5,5-Trimethyl-2,4-oxazolidinedione 

Tubercillin 

Uracil 

Uricacid 

♦Vitamins : 

♦Bi (Thiamin chloride and hydrochloride) 

B2 (Riboflavin) for human consumption (100%) 

B2 (Riboflavin) for animal and poultry consumption (100%) 

♦Be (Pyridoxine) 

*Ds (Irradiated ergosterol) (Viosterol) 

D3 3 ,5-dinitrobenzoate 

D3 (Irradiated or activated animal sterol) (Delsterol) 

E (a-Tocopherol) 

E esters: 

a-Tocopherol acetate 

Tocopherol phosphate 

Folic acid 

Inositol 

Inositol hexaphosphate, calcium magnesium 

♦Niacin (Nicotinic acid) 

♦Niacinamide (Nicotinic acid amide) 

Nicotinamide hydrochloride 

Xanthine 

AU other 

MEDICINALS, ACYCLIC 

Acetylcholine bromide 

♦Acetylcholine chloride 

Acetyl-/3-methylcholine bromide 

Acetyl-^-methylcholine chloride 

♦Amino acids: 

^-Alanine 

dl-a-Alanine 

Aminoacetic acid (GlycocoU) (Glycine) 

d- Arginine 

Arginine monohydrochloride 

1( +) Arginine monohydrochloride 

dl-Aspartic acid 

d-a-Bromothreonine 

Cysteine hydrochloride 

d-Cystine 

1-Cystine 

Cystine hydrochloride 

♦1(+) Glutamic acid 

dl-Glutamic acid 

Glutamic acid, calcium salt 

Glutamic acid hydrochloride 

Glutathione 

dl-Isoleucine 

1-Leucine 

dl-Leucine 

d-Lysine 

dl-Lysine monohydrochloride 

1-Lysine monohydrochloride 

/3-Mercapto valine 

dl-Methionine 

Methionine, calcium salt 

dl-N orleucine 

dl-Serine 

dl-Threonine 

d-Vahne 

dl- Valine 



314. 

58,188,296. 

58, 188, 262, 272. 278, 313, 380. 

X. 
1. 

286. 

188,296,547. 
296. 
23. 
1. 
70. 

153,374,418. 
364,417. 

224,313. 

24,224,313. 

24.116,313.534. 

224,313. 

1, 130, 192, 310, 343. 3.'.., h , 

454, 458, 525. 547. 
146. 

130,146,547. 
139,224,313. 

224,313. 

139. 

X. 

125,455. 

100,103,273,278. 

6,313,384. 

272,384. 

23. 

311,418. 

364. 



153,387. 

100,129,262,278.313,374,38/. 

313,387. 

313,387. 

313,388. 

141,313,364. 

58,141,364. 

70. 

516. 

311,313. 

8,313. 

70. 

359.516. 

70. 

232. 

516. 

192,232,244,313. 

313. 

232. 

192,244. 

418. 

313. 

232^313.364,516. 

313,547. 

70. 

547. 

313.516. 

70. 

141. 

313. 

313. 

313. 

313. 

70. 

313,547. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



109 



Table 14B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which United States pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



MEDICINALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Amyl nitrite (Isoamyl nitrite) 

Auro-thioglucose 

Azochloramide 

Betaine 

Betaine hydrochloride — 

Bismuth octyloxyacetate (Lipo bismol) 

Bromodiethylacetylcarbamide 

Bromoisovalerylurea (Bromural) 

Cacodylic acid 

Cacodylic acid derivatives: 

Guaiacol cacodylate 

Strychnine cacodylate 

Cacodylic acid salts: 

Bismuth cacodylate 

Calcium cacodylate 

*Iron cacodylate 

Magnesium cacodylate 

Potassium cacodylate 

*Sodium cacodylate 

Calcium borohibate 

Calcium iodobehenate 

•Calcium lactophosphate 

*Calcium levulinate 

Calcium succinate 

Chloral hydrate 

'Choline chloride 

Diethyl succinate 

Disodium methylarsonate (Arrhenal) 

Ery thrityl tetranitrate 

Ethyl chaulmoograte — _ 

Ethylenediamine derivatives: 

Ethylenediamine dihydrochloride 

Ethylenediamine di-iodide 

Ethylene disulf onate 

Ethyl iodide 

Ethyl mercuric chloride 

Ethyl morrhuate 

Ethyl nitrite 

Formaldehyde sodium sulf oxylate 

Gluconic acid salts: 

Calcium borogluconate 

Calcium glucoheptonate 

Calcium gluconate 

Copper gluconate 

Iron (ferrous) gluconate 

Manganese gluconate 

Magnesium gluconate 

Glycerophosphoric acid 

Glycerophosphoric acid derivatives: 

Quinine glycerophosphate 

Strychnine glycerophosphate 

Glycerophosphoric acid salts: 

Calcium glycerophosphate 

Iron glycerophosphate 

Magnesium glycerophosphate 

Manganese glycerophosphate 

Potassium glycerophosphate 

Sodium glyceroph osphate -7--. ■ — 

Hexamethyldiaminoisoprooanol di-iodide 

Hexamethylenemethyl i odide 

Hexose diphosphate salts; 

Barium hexose diphosphate 

Calcium hexose diphosphate 

Magnesium hexose diphosphate 

Iodized fatty acids and oils: 

Calcium salts of iodized fatty acids 

Iodized castor oil (Riodine) 

*Iodof orm 

lodomethanesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Isovaleric acid salts: 

Ammonium isovalerate 

Sodium isovalerate 

Zinc isovalerate 



153,296,313,356. 

X. 

528. 

244. 

154,244,374. 

356. 

60,98,547. 

60,98. 

154,273. 

262,273. 
273. 

154,273. 

154,273. 

154,262,273,356. 

154,273. 

154. 

154,262,273,356. 

23. 

177,547. 

100,262,296. 

76, 100, 177, 262, 273, 278, 359, 

374. 
100,177,278,374. 
50,313,323. 
23,100,116,313,374. 
168. 

262,273. 
313. 
177,547. 

50,369. 

369. 

452. 

153 i 154,296,313. 

286. 

177. 

116,296,313. 

313. 

177. 

364. 

286,296,365. 

365. 

100,365,474. 

365. 

100. 

222,323. 

333. 
273. 

222,323. 

222,323. 

222,323. 

222,323. 

222,323. 

222,323. 

177,374,387,547. 

218. 

418. 
418. 
418. 

286. 

183. 

296,313,333. 

547. 

60. 
60. 
60. 



110 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 14B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which United States pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, ^19 47 — Continued 



Chemical 



Maniifacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



MEDICINALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Lactic acid salts: 

Ferrous lactate 

Lead lactate 

Lactone of gallic acid and ethanol-a-di-n-butylamine 

Lysidine bitartrate 

Manganese butyrate 

Methoxyoximercuripropylsuccinylurea (Mercuhydrin) 

Methoxyoximercuripropylsuccinylurea theophylline (Mercuhydrin 
acid). 

^-Methylcholine chloride urethane 

Methylenecitric acid and salts 

Methylene iodide 

*Methyl iodide 

Morrhuic acid, sodium salt 

d-Ribose 

*Silver preparations, organic colloidal: 

SUver protein, mild 

Silver protein, strong 

Sodium aurothiomalate (Myochrysine) 

Sodium bismuth triglycoUamate 

Sodium iodopropanol sulfonate 

Sodium ricinoleate 

Sodium succinate 

1-Sorbose 

Sulf onethylmethane 

Tartaric acid salts: 

Antimony potassium tartrate 

Bismuth potassium sodium tartrate 

Bismuth potassium tartrate 

Bismuth sodium tartrate 

Calcium tartrate 

Potassium bitartrate 

Potassium sodium tartrate (Bismosal) 

Potassium tartrate 

Sodium bitartrate 

Thiosinamine (AUylthiourea) 

2,2,2-Tribromoethanol 

Tribromomethane (Bromof orm) 

*tert-Trichlorobutyl alcohol (Chloretone) (Chlorobutanol) 

Undecylenic fungicide 

Urethane 

Vinethene (Divinyl ether) 

•Vitamins : 

A, alcohol concentrate (200,000 U. S. P. units per gram) 

A esters: 

A acetate, concentrate 

A acetate, crystalline 

d-Calcium pantothenate 

dl-Calcium pantothenate 

Sodium d-pantothenate 

*C (Ascorbic acid) 

*C (Ascorbic acid, sodium salt) 

Zinc undecy linate 



100. 
313. 

177. 

183,374. 

296. 

272. 

272. 

387. 

547. 

153,154,313,547. 

153,154,296,313,387. 

76, 177, X. 
418. 

222,356,454. 

222,547. 

313. 

X. 

183. 

247,510. 

296,313. 

365,388. 

296. 

365. 

100. 

100. 

X. 

273. 

365. 

365. 

100,333. 

313. 

183,296. 

547. 

141,316. 

58, 183, 313, 356, X. 

510. 

504. 

313. 

130,516,525. 

139. 

139. 

24,313,388. 

1,388,414. 

356. 

224,365. 

177,313. 

510. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



111 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 

Table 15B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Flavor and perfume materials for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 194? 

[ Flavor and perfume materials for which separate statistics are given in table 15A are marked below 
with an asterisk (*); those not so marked do not appear in table 15A because the reported data are 
confidential and may not be published. Manufacturers are identified by numbers in the alphabetical 
list appearing in table 24. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not conspnt to the publica- 
tion of his identification number with the designated product] 



Material 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS. CYCLIC 

Benzenoid and Naphthalenoid 

Acetophenone 

Amyl benzoate 

*a-Amylcinnamaldehyde 

a-Amylcinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetal 

Amyl cinnamate 

a-Amylcinnamyl acetate 

or-Amylcinnamyl alcohol 

Amylcinnamyl formate 

•Amyl salicylate 

Amyl a-toluate (Amyl phenylacetate) 

*Anethole 

•Anisaldehyde 

Anisole (Methyl phenyl ether) 

Anisyl acetate 

Anisyl alcohol 

Anisyl formate 

Anisyl propionate 

Anisylideneacetone 

*Benzophenone 

*Benzyl acetate 

'Benzyl alcohol 

*Benzyl benzoate 

Benzyl butyl phthalate 

•Benzyl butjTate 

•Benzyl cinnamate 

Benzyl ether (Dibenzyl ether) 

•Benzyl formate 

Benzyl glycital 

Benzylideneacetone 

Benzyl isoamyl ether 

Benzyl isobutyrate 

•Benzyl isoeugenyl ether (Benzyl isoeugenol) 

Benzyl isovalerate 

Benzyl methyl ketone (Phenylacetone) 

•Benzyl propionate 

•Benzyl salicylate 

Benzyl a-toluate (Benzyl phenylacetate) 

Benzyl valerate 

/S-Bromostyrene 

Butyl anthranilate 

Butyl-2-naphthol 

Butyrophenone 

•Cinnamaldehyde 

•Cinnamic acid 

•Cinnamyl acetate 

•Cinnamyl alcohol 

Cinnamyl anthranilate 

Cinnamyl benzoate 

Cinnamyl butyrate 

Cinnamyl cinnamate 

Cinnamyl formate 

Cinnamyl isobutyrate 

Cinnamyl isovalerate 

Cinnamyl propionate 

Cinnamyl valerate 

*p-Cresyl acetate 

p-Cresyl amyl ether 



183, 184, X. 

515, X. 

173, 208, 256, 305, 338, 421, 507, 

515, 521, 522, X,X. 
X. 

185, X. 
521. 
521. 
521. 

261, 309, 435, 495, 517, X.X. 
X,X. 

78, 208, 219, 305, 331, X.X. 
146,183,495,X,X,X. 
146,183,305. 
173, X,X. 
183, X,X. 
X. 
X. 
521. 

184, 256, 305, X. 
208, 256, 305, 421, 435, 495, 515, 

X. 
227, 256, 305, 495, 515, 517, X. 
50, 153, 208, 256, 305, 323, 435, 

495, X. 
517. 
173, 183, 185, 305, 309, 515, 521, 

X, X. 
183, 305, 517, X.X. 
305. 

185, 305, 309, 515, X,X. 
421. 
309, X. 
146, X. 
X, X. 

185, 309, 521, X,X. 
168, X. 
184,387,441. 

146, 185, 305, 309, 421, 521, X,X. 
184, 305, 517, X. 
X. 
173. 
X. 
168. 
168. 
184. 

183, 435, 489, 518, X,X. 
58,183,305,X,X. 
305,521,X,X. 
184, 185, 305, 521, X,X. 
173,521. 
521. 
185, X. 
X. 

173, X. 
X. 

421, X. 
421, X,X. 
421. 

173, 185, 495, X,X. 
521. 



112 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 15B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Flavor and perfume materials for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — 
Continued 



Material 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC— 
Continued 

Benzenoid and Naphthalenoid — Continued 

p-Cresyl isobutyrate 

p-Cresyl isovalerate 

*p-Cresyl methyl ether 

m-Cresyl a-toluate (m-Cresyl phenylacetate) .^ 

p-Cresyl a-toluate (p-Cresyl phenylacetate) , 

Cumaldehyde (p-Isopropylbenzaldehyde) 

4-Dimethylbenzylethylene-benzaldehyde 

Dimethyl-^-phenethyl acetate 

Dimethyl-/S-phenethyl alcohol (Dimethylbenzyl carbinol)-^ .. 

Dimethylphenylglycidic acid, ethyl ester -. 

2,6-Dinitro-3-tert-butylcymene 

Diphenylmethane 

p-Ethoxy benzaldehyde 

Ethyl anthranilate 

Ethyl benzoate 

•Ethyl cinnamate 

Ethyl methy Iphenylglycidate 

Ethyl ^-naphthyl ether 

Ethyl phenylglycidate 

*Ethyl salicylate 

•Ethyl a -toluate (Ethyl phenylacetate) , 

Ethylvanillin 

Eucaly ptol 

•Eugenol 

Eugenyl acetate 

Hexylcinnamaldehyde 

Hydroquinone dimethyl ether (Dimethylhydroquinone) 

Hy droquinone monomethyl ether 

Isobutyl benzoate 

Isobutyl cinnamate 

Isobutyl salicylate 

Isobutyl a-toluate (Isobutyl phenylacetate) 

•Isoeugenol 

Isoeugenyl acetate 

Isopropyl-o-creaol (Carvacrol) 

5-Isopropylisoeugenyl acetate 

5-Isopropylisoeugenyl ethyl ether 

p-Methoxyacetophenone (Novatone) 

•p-Methylacetophenone (Methyl p-tolyl ketone) __ 

Methyl anisate 

Methyl anthranilate 

N-Methylanthranilic acid, methyl ester (Dimethyl anthranilate) _ - 

p-Methylbenzaldehyde (p-Tolualdehyde) 

•Methyl benzoate 

a-Mattiylbsnzyl acetate (Styralyl acetate) 

a-Methylbenzyl alcohol (Methylphenyl carbinol) (Styralyl alcohol) 

a-Methylbenzyl propionate (Styralyl propionate) 

Methylcinnamaldehyde 

•Methyl cinnamate 

p-Methyl cresyl ether 

•Methyl eugenyl ether (Methyl eugenol) 

•Methyl isoeugenyl ether 

Methylisopropylacetophenone 

a-Methyl-p-isopropylhydrocinnamaldehyde 

Methyl methylphenylglycidate 

Methyl /3-naphthyl ether 

Methyl naphthyl ketone (a and /3) 

•Methyl |3-naphthyl ketone 

•Methyl salicylate (Wintergreen oil) 

•Methyl a-toluate (Methyl phenylacetate) 

•Musk ambrette 

Musk ketone 

•Musk xylene 

n-Octyl salicylate 

•Phenethyl acetate 

•Phenethyl alcohol (Phenylethyl alcohol) 

Phenethyl anthranilate 

Phenethyl benzoate 

Phenethyl buty rate 

Phenethyl cinnamate 

Phenethyl dimethyl carbinol 



X. 
X. 

146, 183, 185, 521, X. 

X,X. 

521, X. 

146, X. 

70. 

515, X. 

515, 521, X. 

70. 

X. 

141, X. 

521,. 

168,305. 

222,339,X.X. 

183, X,X. 

173,183,X,X. 

184,256. 

183, X. 

141,18o,X,X. 

1,58, 256, 305, 313, 547, X. 

183,323. 

349. 

208, 290, 338, 495. 507, X.X.X. 

X. 

X. 

146,183. 

183. 

309, X,X. 

309, X,X. 

X X 

173, 309, 515, X.X. 

495,X,X,X. 

X. 

349, X. 

70. 

70. 

183, X. 

183,331,X,X. 

183, X. 

141, 146, 305, X. 

146, 305, 521, X. 

183. 

183, 222, 227, 305, 339, X. 

521. 

521, X. 

521. 

183. 

58,183,X,X. 

183,521. 

173, 183, 521, X,X. 

173, 183, X. 

168. 

522, X. 

515. 

184, X. 

183,184. 

183, 184, X. 

141,222,305,323. 

58, 305, X. 

146, 305, X. 

305, X. 

146, 305, X. 

146,173. 

421, 495, 515, 521, X. 

141, 256, 515, 522, X. 

173. 

515. 

309, X. 

515, X. 

515, X. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



113 



Table 15B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Flavor and perfume materials for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 194? — 
Continued 



Material 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC— 
Continued 

Benzenoid arid Naphthalenoid — Continued 

Phenethyl dimethyl carbinol acetal 

Phenethyl dimethyl carbinol isobutyrate 

Phenethyl formate 

'Phenethyl isobutyrate 

Phenethyl isovalerate 

Phenethyl methylethyl carbinol 

•Phenethyl propionate 

Phenethyl salicylate 

•Phenethyl a-toluate (Phenethyl phenylacetate) 

Phenethyl valerate 

p-Phenetylurea (Dulcin) 

^-Phenoxyethyl isobutyrate 

a-Phenylpropionaldehy de (Hydra tropaldehyde) 

j3-Phenylpropionaldehyde 

a-Phenylpropionaldehyde dimethyl acetal (Hydratropaldehyde 
dimethyl acetal). 

3-Phenyl-l -propyl acetate 

2-Phenylpropyl alcohol (Hydratropyl alcohol) 

•3-Phenyl-l -propyl alcohol (Hydrocinnamic alcohol) 

3-Phenyl-l-propylaldehyde 

Propyl cinnamate 

Salicylaldehyde 

a-Tolualdehyde (Phenylacetaldehyde) 

a-Tolualdehyde dimethyl acetal , (Phenylacetaldehyde dimethyl 
acetal). 

•a-Toluic acid (Phenylacetic acid) 

Trichloromethylphenylcarbinyl acetate (Rosetone) 

1 ,3,4-Trimethyl-5-tert-butyl-2,6-dinitrobenzene 

•Vanillin 



Terpenoid, Heterocyclic, and Alicyclic 



Bornyl alcohol (Bomeol). 

Cedrenal 

•Cedrol 

•Cedryl acetate 

•Citral 



Citral acetate. 

•Citronellal 

•Citronellol 



•Citronellyl acetate 

CitroneUyl butyrate 

Citronellyl formate 

Citronellyl propionate 

•Coumarin, synthetic 

Cyclamene alcohol 

Cyclogeraniol 

Cyclohexyl acetate 

Cyclohexyl butyrate 

Cyclohexyl isovalerate 

3-Diethyl-2-hydroxypentenyldiene-cyclopentanone-l. 

Dihydrocitronellol (3 ,7-Dimethyl-l-octanol) 

Dihydropseudoionone 

Dimethylcyclo-octylpentadecyldiene 

Farnesol 

•Geraniol 



•Geranyl acetate 

Geranyl benzoate 

Geranyl butyrate 

Geranyl formate 

Geranyl isovalerate 

Geranyl propionate 

Geranyl a-toluate (Geranyl phenylacetate). 

Hexahydropseudoionone 

Hydrocoumarin 

•Hydroxycitronellal 



•HydroxycitroneUal dimethyl acetal. 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



X. 

X. 

309,515,X,X. 

168,515.X,X. 

168, 309, 421, X. 

X. 

309, X,X. 

515, X. 

515, X,X. 

X. 

183,314,387. 

X,X. 

184, X.X. 

183. 

521, X. 

495, X.X. 

227. 

184^495, X. 

X. 

173. 

141,146,521. 

184, X. 

173,184. 

184, 256, 305, 323, X. 

183. 

X. 

183, 309, 323, 338, 411, X,X. 



173. 

208, 521, X. 

146, 208, 515, 521, X. 

208, 495, 515, 521, X,X. 

173, 185, 290, 338, 507, 515, X, 

X,X. 
521. 

185, 338, 495, 515, X. 
290, 305, 338, 421, 495, 515, 517, 

521, X.X. 
185, 338, 521, X. 
168, 185, X. 
521, X,X. 
515, X. 

141,146,309,323. 
521. 
521. 
168. 
168. 
168. 
70. 

338,521. 
515. 
70. 
521. 
146, 173, 185, 290, 305, 338, 421. 

495,515,517,X,X,X. 
146, 173, 305, 421, 495, 515, X, X. 
168, 521, X. 
515, X,X. 
305,515,X,X. 
173. 
515, X. 
X. 
X. 
183 
146, 290, 305, 338. 421, 495, 515, 

522, X.X. 
185, 338, X.X. 



114 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 15B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Flavor and perfume materials for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 19^7 — 
Continued 



Material 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC— 
Continued 

Terpenoid, Heterocyclic, and Alicyclic — Continued 

*Indole 

•a-Ionone 

*p-Ionone 

*Ionone (a and /3) 

Isobornyl acetate 

Isobornyl alcohol (Isoborneol) 

Isobutylquinoline 

Isocitronellyl formate 

Isopropylquinoline 

Isopulegol 

Isopulegyl acetate 

*Isosaf rol 

'Linalool 

•Linalyl acetate 

Linalyl anthranilate 

Linalyl benzoate 

'Linalyl butyrate 

Linalyl cinnamate 

•Linalyl formate 

Linalyl isobutyrate 

Linalyl isovalerate 

Linalyl propionate 

Linalyl a-toluate (Linalyl phenylacetate) 

'Menthol, synthetic, tech 

•Menthol, synthetic, U. S. P 

Menthone 

Menthyl anthranilate 

Metahomomenthol (Cyclonol) 

3-Methylcoumarin 

6-MethyIcoumarin 

*Methylionone 

p-Methyltetrahydroquinoline 

Nerol 

Neryl acetate 

*Piperonal (HeUotropin) 

*Rhodinol 

Rhodinol rose 

Rhodinyl acetate 

Rhodiny 1 formate 

Saccharin 

Saccharin, sodium salt 

*Safrol 

*S antalol 

Santalyl acetate 

Skatole 

Terpenes from lemon grass 

a-Terpineol 

P-Terpineol 

Terpineol. mixed 

Terpin hydrate 

Terpinolene 

*Terpiny 1 acetate 

*Terpinyl propionate 

Terpinyl a-toluate (Terpinyl phenylacetate) 

Tetrahydrolinalool 

Veti venol 

* Veti venyl acetate 

FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, ACYCLIC 

Acetal 

*Allyl caproate 

Allyl caprylate 

Ally! chlorof ormate 

Allyl enanthate (Allyl heptanoate) 

Allyl heptoate 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



141, 146, X. 

146, 309, 515, X,X. 

146, 309, 515, X,X. 

146, 208, 309, 338, 507, 515, 522, 

X. 
146, X. 
146. 

168,515. 
521. 

168,521. 
338, X. 
146. 

183,X,X,X. 
173, 185, 290, 309, 338, 495, 515, 

ol7,X,X,X. 
185, 290, 305, 338, 495, 515, 521 . 

X,X,X. 
168,521. 
168, 521, X. 
168, 173, 185, X,X. 
168, 521, X. 
495, 515, 521, X,X. 
168, 515, X. 
168, X. 
521, X. 
168,521. 
183,305,338. 
305, X. 
305,338. 
X. 
183. 

183,309. 
X. 
146, 309, 338, 507, 515, 522. X, 

X. 
521. 

185, 521, X. 
X. 

183 XXX. 
146,' 173, 290, 305, 515. 517, 521. 

X,X,X. 
521. 
185, X. 
173, X. 
323. 
323. 

349,X,X,X. 
173, 183, 521, X. 
173, X. 
168. 
507. 

331, X,X. 
331,421. 
146,208. 

100, 146, 219, 313, X. 
146, 338, X. 

146,173,338,495,X.X,X. 
146,495,X,X. 
521. 
X. 

507,521,X.X. 
70,521,X,X. 



183. 

168. 173, 421, X,X. 

168. 

227. 

168. 

421, X. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



115 



Table 15B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Flavor and perfume materials for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — 
Continued 



Material 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, ACYCLIC— 
Continued 

Allyl isothiocyanate (Mustard oil) 

Amyl caproate 

Amyl caprylate 

A myl laurate 

Amyl propionate 

2, 3-Butanedione (Diacetyl) (Biacetyl) 

n-Butyl butyrate 

Butyl butyrolactate 

Capryl butyrate 

1-Carbomethoxyheptine (Methyl heptine carbonate) 

Cetyl alcohol (Cie) 

Decyl acetate (Cio) 

n-Decyl alcohol 

Decyl aldehyde (Cio) 

Diethyl succinate 

Dihydro jasmone 

Di-n-propyl ketone 

n-Dodecyl alcohol (Lauryl alcohol) 

Dodecyl aldehyde (C12) 

*Ethyl butyrate 

*Ethyl caproate 

Ethyl caprylate 

Ethyl decylate 

*Ethyl enanthate 

Ethyl heptylate 

Ethyl isobutyrate 

Ethyl iso valerate 

Ethyl laurate 

Ethyl levuhnate 

*Ethyl pelargonate 

*Ethyl sebacate 

Glutamic acid, monosodium salt (Monosodium glutamate) 

n-Heptaldehyde (G7) 

2,3-n-Heptanedione (Acetyl valeryl) 

n-Hept anol 

Heptoic acid 

Hexaldehyde (Ce) 

2,3-n-Hexanedione (Acetylbutyryl) 

Hexyl formate 

*Isoamyl butyrate 

*Isoamyl caproate 

Isoamyl caprylate 

*Isoa myl formate 

*Isoamyl isovalerate 

Isoamyl propionate 

Isobutyl acetate 

Isobutyl butyrate 

Isobutyl caproate 

Isobutylf urf uryl propionate 

2 ,3-Isohexanedione 

Isopropyl pelargonate 

Lauryl formate 

Methyl ca proate 

*Methylheptenone 

Methylhomo.iasmone 

Methylnonylacetaldehyde 

*Methyl nonyl ketone 

Methyl pelargonate (Methyl nonoate) 

Methyl undecylenate 

Myristic acid 

Myristyl alcohol 

Myristic aldehyde 

Nonalac tone 

Nonyl acetate (C9) 

Nonyl alcohol (C9) 

Nonyl aldehyde (C9) 

1-Octanol 

n-Octyl acetate 

n-Octyl aldehyde (Cs) 

n-Octyl formate 

n-Octyl isobutyrate 

2,3-Pentanedione 

Propylacetal 



183. 

421. 

X. 

421. 

X, X. 

58,168,183. 

X. 

183. 

168. 

305, X. 

338, 421, X. 

173, X. 

X. 

X X. 

168, 421, X. 

521. 

421, X. 

X. 

173,521,X,X. 

168, 173, 185, 339, X. 

185, 339, X. 

168, 185, X. 

X. 

168, 173, 185, 339, X. 

X. 

X. 

339, X. 

261, X. 

168. 

183, X,X. 

168, 173, X. 

192,2.32,244. 

51,528. 

168. 

51. 

X. 

521. 

168, X. 

X. 

173,185,339.x. 

173, 339, X. 

185. 

173, 185, 339, X. 

185, 339, X. 

185. 

339, X. 

339, X. 

X. 

515. 

168. 

173. 

X. 

X. 

185,227,X,X. 

521. 

521, X,X. 

521, X,X. 

521. 

183, 521, X. 

185. 

X. 

521. 

183, X,X. 

521, X. 

521, X. 

521, X,X. 

X. 

521, X. 

X,X. 

183, X. 

X. 

168. 

X. 



116 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 15B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Flavor and perfume materials for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — 
Continued 



Material 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, ACYCLIC 
Continued 

Propyl propionate 

Tributyrin 

Tricaproin 

*7-Undecalactone 

IJndecyl aldehyde (Cii) 

Undecylenic acid 

*Undecylenic alcohol 

Undecylenic aldehyde 

Undecylenyl acetate 

Undecylic acid, hydrogenated 

CHEMICALLY MODIFIED ESSENTIAL OILS 

Citronella, acetylated 

Citronella, hydrogenated 

Dihydrosaf rol 

Ethyl oxyhydrate 

Lemongrass oil, hydrogenated 

Sassafras oil, hydrogenated 



173, X. 

521. 

521. 

173, 183, 521, X,X. 

X. 

208. 

521, X,X. 

521, X,X. 

X. 

227. 



X. 

227. 

183. 

290,517. 

338. 

183,227. 



PLASTICS MATERIALS 



Table 16B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Plastics materials for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 

[Plastics materials for which separate statistics are given in table 16A are marked below with an as- 
terisk (*) ; products not so marked do not appear in table 16A because the reported data are con- 
fidential and may not be published. Manufacturers are identified by numbers in the alphabetical 
list appearing in table 24. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication 
of his identification number with the designated product] 



Material 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



PLASTICS MATERIALS, BENZENOID 

•Alkyd resins, phthalic type: 
'Unmodified: 

Phthalic anhydride-allyl alcohol-glycerol-pentaerythritol (oil 

type) : For protective coatings. 
Phthalic anhydride-diglycol-glycerol (oil type) : For protective 
coatings. 
'Phthalic anhydride-fatty acid-glycerol (oil type) : 

For protective coatings 



For miscellaneous uses 

'Phthalic anhydride-fatty acid-glycerol-pentaerythritol (oil 

type) : For protective coatings. 
'Phthalic anhydride-fatty acid-pentaerythritol (oil type): For 

protective coatings. 
'Phthalic anhydride-glycerol (oil tjrpe) : 

For molding and casting 

For protective coatings 



For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 

'Phthalic anhydride-glycerol (solid type) : For protective 

coatings. 
Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-glycol (oil type) : For protective 

coatings. 
Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-glycol-pentaerythritol (oil type) : 

For protective coatings. 



326. 
22,49,433. 

6, 37, 61, 146, 180, 241, 264, 372, 

395, 468, 504, 536. 
536. 
180. 

146, 391, X. 

49,110. 

3, 5, 17, 22, 36, 69, 82, 126, 146. 
169, 174, 186, 191, 195, 197, 
198. 204, 241, 252, 285, 289, 
317, 326, 351, 354, 355, 371, 
372, 378, 391, 392, 398, 404, 
433, 468, 475, 504, 512, 549, X 

134,385,433. 

191,474. 

121,204,433,468,504. 
392,404,530. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



117 



Table 16B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Plastics materials for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 19^7 — Continued 



Material 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



PLASTICS MATERIALS, BENZENOID— Continued 

•Alkyd resins, phthalic type — Continued 
•Unmodified — Continued 

•Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-pentaerythritol (oil type): For 
protective coatings. 
Phthalic anhydride-glycol (oil type) : For protective coatings... 
Phthalic anhydride-glycol (solid type) : For protective coatings. 
•Phthalic anhydride-glycol-pentaerythritol (oil type) : For pro- 
tective coatings. 
•Phthalic anhydride-pentaerythritol (oil type): For protective 
coatings. 



•Modified: 

•Other than modified by rosin ester: 

Phthalic anhydride-adipic acid-glycerol (solid type) : For 

protective coatings. 
•Phthalic anhydride-adipic acid-glycol (oil type) : For pro- 
tective coatings. 
•Phthalic anhydride-adipic acid-glycol (solid type) : For 

treatment of textiles, paper, and leather. 
Phthalic anhydride-adipic acid-maleic anhydride-sebacic 

acid-diglycol-styrene (solid type): For laminating. 
Phthalic anhydride-allyl alcohol-glycol-styrene (solid type) : 

For laminating 

For molding and casting 

Phthalic anhydride-azelaic acid-maleic anhydride-diethylene 

glycol (oil type) ; For protective coatings. 
Phthalic anhydride-benzoic acid-glycerol (oil type) : For 

protective coatings. 
Phthalic anhydride-fatty acids-maleic anhydride-glycerol- 

pentaerythritol (oil type) : For protective coatings. 
Phthalic anhydride-fumaric acid-glycerol (oil type): For 

protective coatings. 
Phthalic anhydride-fumaric acid-glycol (oil type) : For pro- 
tective coatings. 
•Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-phenol-formaldehyde (oil type) : 

For protective coatings. 
Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-diglycol-diallyl phthal- 

ate (solid type) : For laminating. 
Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-diglycol-glycol-propyl- 

ene glycol-diallyl phthalate (solid type) : For laminating. 
Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-diglycol-glycol-styrene 

(solid type) : For laminating. 
Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-diglycol-styrene (solid 

type) : For laminating. 
•Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-glycerol (oil type) : For 

protective coatings. 



Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-glycerol-pentaerythri- 
tol (oil type) : 

For protective coatings 

For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 

•Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-glycerol-phenol-for- 

maldehyde (oil type) : For protective coatings. 
Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-glycol (oil type) : For 

protective coatings. 
Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-glycol-pentaerythritol 
(oil type) ; 

For protective coatings 

For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 

•Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-pentaerythritol (oil 
type): 

For protective coatings 

For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 

For miscellaneous uses 

•Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-pentaerythritol (solid 
type) : For miscellaneous uses. 
Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-propylene glycol-sty- 

rene (solid type) : For laminating. 
Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-sebacic acid-diglycol- 
styrene (solid type) : For laminating. 
Phthalic anhydride-sebacic acid-glycerol (oil type) : For pro- 
tective coatings. 
Tetrachlorophthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-diglycol- 
glycol-hexachloroethane-styrene (solid type) : For lam- 
inating. 



17, 174, 191, 198, 252, 371, 378, 

391 , 392 , 433 , 439 , 475 , 530 . 
255. 
22. 
22,241,252,392,433. 

5, 17, 22, 36, 82, 126, 146, 191. 
197, 204, 250, 252, 285, 317, 
355, 371, 378, 391, 392, 398, 
404, 468, 475, 504, 540, 549. 



146,191. 

22,191,433. 

146. 

22. 

371. 
371. 
22. 

22. 

475. 

174,504. 

404. 

5,69,82,191,198,392,433,474. 

22. 

22. 

22 , 323 . 

22. 

22, 69, 126, 174, 182, 198, 223, 

252, 289, 317, 336, 351, 371, 

392, 433, 468, 474, 504, 526, 
549, X. 



392,475,504,526. 

504. 

504. 



22,252. 



354,392,504. 
504. 



219,336,433,504,526. 

219. 

219. 

536. 

22. 

22. 

252. 

22. 



118 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 16B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Plastics materials for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Material 



PLASTICS MATERIALS, BENZENOID— Continued 

*Alkyd resins, phthalic type — Continued 
♦Modified — Continued 

Other than modified by rosin ester — Continued 

Tetrachlorophthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-propylene 
glycol-hexachloroethane-styrene (solid type) : For lam- 
inating. 

All other (oil type): For protective coatings 

♦Modified by rosin ester: 

Phthalic anhydride-adipic acid-glycerol-glycol-rosin ester 

(oil type) : For protective coatings. 
Phthalic anhydride-fatty acid-glycerol-rosin ester (oil type) : 

For protective coatings. 
Phthalic anhydride-fatty acid-maleic anhydride-rosin ester 
(oil type) : For protective coatings. 
*Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-congo ester (oil type) : For pro- 
tective coatings. 
Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-glycol-pentaerythritol-rosin es- 
ter (oil type) : For protective coatings. 
Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-glycol-rosin ester (oil type) : For 

protective coatings. 
Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-pentaerythritol-rosin ester (oil 
type) : For protective coatings. 
*Phthalic anhydride-glycero 1-phenol-f ormaldehyde-congo 

ester-rosin ester (oil type) : For protective coatings. 
*Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-phenol-f ormaldehyde-rosin ester 

(oil type) : For protective coatings. 
♦Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-rosin ester (oil type) : For pro- 
tective coatings. 

♦Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-rosin ester (solid type) : For 

protective coatings. 
♦Phth alic anhydride - glycerol - tall oil (oU type) : For pro- 
tective coatings. 
Phthalic anhydride-glycol-pentaerythritol-rosin ester (oil 

type) : For protective coatings. 
Phthalic anhydride-glycol-pentaerythritol-tall oil (oil type) : 

For protective coatings. 
Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-glycerol-pentaerythri- 
tol-rosin ester (oil type): For protective coatings. 
♦Phthaiic anhydiide-maleic anhydride-glycerol-phenol-formal- 

dehyde-congo ester (oil type) : For protective coatings. 
♦Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-glycerol-phenol-for- 
maldehyde-rosin ester (oil type): For protective coatings. 
♦PhthaUc anhydride-maleic anhydride-glycerol-rosin ester (oil 

type) : For protective coatings. 
♦Phthalic anhydride-pentaerythritol-rosin ester (oil type): 

For protective coatings 

For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 

♦Phthalic anhydride-pentaerythritol-rosin ester (solid type) : 
For miscellaneous uses. 
Phthalic anhydride-pentaerythritol-taU oil (oU type) : For 

protective coatings. 
Phthalic anhydride-sebacic acid-glycerol-rosin ester (oil 

type) : For protective coatings. 
Phthalic anhydride-sorbitol-tall oU (oil type) : For protec- 
tive coatings. 

All other (oil type): For protective coatings 

Polyaromatic resins: 

Anihne-formaldehyde: For molding and casting 

Coumarone-indene : 

For adhesives 

For molding and casting 

For protective coatings 

For miscellaneous uses 

Petroleum resins: 

For protective coatings 

For miscellaneous uses 

Polyvinyl carbazole : For molding and casting 

♦Styrene resins: 

Polystyrene polymerization resins: 

For glazing, sheeting, and film 

For molding and casting 

For protective coatings 

For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 

For miscellaneous uses 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to hst 

in table 24) 



22. 

223,317,371. 

191 

146. 

289. 

198,371,398,433. 

252. 

191. 

126,174,354,371,549. 

174. 

22, 146, 174, 191, 198, 285, 351, 

355, 392, 504. 
22, 82, 174, 182, 191, 204, 252, 

285, 289, 355, 371, 375, 391. 

392, 433, 468, 504, X, X. 
271,355. 

5,198,504. 

252. 

504. 

433. 

22. 

22,174,252,433. 

22, 174, 204, 293, 351, 371, 392, 
468, 540. 

198,219,392,433. 

219. 

219. 

197, 252, 392, 540, X. 

252. 

504. 

317,355,540. 

104. 

330. 
330. 
6,330. 
6,330,361. 

520. 

361,520. 

189. 



141,269,323,406,420,500. 

141. 

27. 

49,361. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



119 



Table 16B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Plastics materials for which United States 
production or sales were re-ported, identified by manufacturer, 19^7 — Continued 



Material 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



PLASTICS MATERIALS, BENZENOID— Continued 

Polyaromatic resins — Continued 
*Styrene resins — Continued 

Polystyrene-acrylonitrile: For molding and casting 

Polystyrene-butadiene: 

For molding and casting 

For miscellaneous uses 

PolystyTene-di\'inylbenzene : For ion exchange 

Polystyrene- maleic anhydride: 

For molding and casting 

For protective coatings 

Polystyrene-maleic anhydride-allyl alcohol: 

For laminating 

All other: For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 

Toluenesulf onamide resins : For miscellaneous uses 

All other: For miscellaneous uses 

•Tar-acid resins: 

•Phenolic resins other than mixed phenolics: 
•Unmodified : 

p-tert-Amylphenol-f ormaldehyde : For protective coatings.. 
•p-tert-Butylphenol-formaldehyde: 

For molding and casting 

For protective coatings 

p-tert-Butylphenol polyvinyl polymer: For adhesives 

Bisphenylphenol-f ormaldehyde : For protective coatings 

*Cresol-f ormaldehyde : 

For adhesives 

For laminating 

For molding and casting 

For protective coatings 

For miscellaneous uses 

Cresol-furfural: 

For molding and casting 

For protective coatings 

Cyclohexylphenol-f ormaldehyde : For protective coatings- - 
•Phenol-formaldehyde : 

For adhesives 

For casting 

For ion exchange 

For laminating 

For molding 

For protective coatings 

For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 

For miscellaneous uses 

Phenol-formaldehyde-furfural: For laminating 

Phenol-furfural: 

For laminating 

For molding and casting 

Phenol-terpene : For protective coatings 

Phenylphenol-f ormaldehyde: For protective coatings 

'Resorcinol-f ormaldehyde : 

For adhesives 

For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 

Xylenol-f ormaldehyde : For protective coatings 

'Modified : 

•Other than modified by rosin or rosin ester : 

p-tert-Butylphenol-formaldehyde-oil: For protective coat- 
ings. 

Phenol-formaldehyde, aminated: For ion exchange 

•Phenol-formaldehyde-aniline : For molding and casting. _ 
Phenol-formaldehyde-phenolsulfonate : For ion exchange. 
Phenolic resin, ketone modified: For molding and casting. 
Xylenol-f ormaldehyde , oil modified: 

For protective coatings 

For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 



507. 

607. 

X. 

141. 

49. 
85.195. 

49. 
400. 
323. 
145,361. 



5,49,69,182,241,504. 

49. 

5, 49, 69, 81, 121, 182, 220, 271. 

392, 412, 433, 504, 519. 
189. 
5,121,241,433. 

442,504. 

49,52,119,392. 

49,519,536. 

49,65,191,241,519. 

389,519. 

49. 

191. 

519.' 

25, 49, 66, 92, 212, 243, 245, 285, 

323, 392, 398, 519. 
52, 92, 243, 266, 299, 392, 485, 

536. 
141,398. 
49, 52, 92, 119, 243, 245, 323, 392, 

393, 485, X. 

6, 49, 68, 110, 114, 119, 191, 220, 
243, 245, 323, 393, 442. 485, 
519 536. 

49, 8l', 92, 191, 198, 220, 239, 241, 
355, 392, 398, 412, 445, 451, 
504, 519. 

49,92,191,243,445. 

40,49,68,92,243,323,398,519. 

392. 

246. 

49,68,191,246. 
519. 
49,392. 

25,66,68,269,398. 

269. 

49,433. 



191,433. 

97. 

49,144,191,536. 

22,97. 

513. 

49,191. 
49. 



120 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 16B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Plastics materials for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 194-7 — Continued 



Material 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



PLASTICS MATERIALS, BENZENOID— Continued 

*Tar-acid resins — Continued 

'Phenolic resins other than mixed phenolics — Continued 
•Modified— Continued 

•Modified by rosin or rosin ester: 

p-tert-Amylphenol-formaldehyde-rosin ester: For protec- 
tive coatings. 
*Bisphenol-formaIdehyde-pentaerj'thritol-rosLn ester: For 

protective coatings. 
*Bisphenol-f ormaldehyde-rosin ester : 

For protective coatings 

For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 

For miscellaneous uses 

p-sec-Butylphenol-f ormaldehyde-rosin ester: For protec- 
tive coatings. 
p-tert-Butylphenol-formaldehyde-maleic anhydride-rosin 

ester: For protective coatings. 
p-tert-Butylphenol-f ormaldehyde-pentaerythritol rosin es- 
ter: For protective coatings. 
p-tert-Butylphenol-formaldehyde-rosin ester-oil: For pro- 
tective coatings. 
p-tert-Butylphenol-formaldehyde-rosin ester: For pro- 
tective coatings. 

Cresol-f ormaldehyde-rosin: For protective coatings 

Phenol-formaldehyde-glycerol-rosin: For protective coat- 
ings. 
Phenol-formaldehyde-maleic anhydride-glycerol-rosin : For 

protective coatings. 
Phenol-formaldehyde-maleic anhydride-rosin: For pro- 
tective coatings. 
•Phenol-f ormaldehyde-rosin : 

For laminating 

For protective coatings 

*Phenol-f ormaldehyde-rosin ester : 

For protective coatings 

For miscellaneous uses 

•Mixed phenolics: 
•Unmodified : 

p-tert-Amylphenol-bisphenol-formaldehyde: For protective 

coatings. 
p-tert-Amylphenol-n-butylphenol-formaldehyde: For pro- 
tective coatings. 
p-tert-Amylphenol-p-phenylphenol-formaldehyde: For pro- 
tective coatings. 
p-tert-Butylphenol-bisphenol-p-cyclohexyl-phenol-formalde- 

hyde: For protective coatings. 
Bisphenol-p-cyclohexylphenol-formaldehyde: For protective 

coatings. 
p-tert-Butylphenol-bisphenol-formaldehyde: For protective 

coatings. 
p-tert-Butylphenol-xylenol-formaldehyde: For protective 

coatings. 
Cashew-nut shell oil type: 

For molding and casting 

For protective coatings 

For miscellaneous uses 

Cresols-xy lenols-f ormaldehyde : 

For adhesives 

For molding and casting 

For miscellaneous uses 

•Cresylic acid-formaldehyde: 

For adhesives 

For laminating 

For molding and casting 

For protective coatings 

Phenol-p-tert-butylphenol-formaldehyde: 

For laminating 

For protective coatings 

•Phenol-cresols-f ormaldehyde : 

For adhesives 

For laminating 

For molding and casting 

For protective coatings 

For miscellaneous uses 

Phenol-cresols-paraldehyde: For protective coatings 



5,241.433. 
504. 

5,22,182,219,271,392,504. 

219. 

219. 

69. 

504. 

504. 

392. 

5,69,182,271,398,5) . 

255. 
355,392,504. 

22. 

504. 

392. 
198,285. 

252,398,504,540. 
219. 

69,519,540. 

519. 

49. 

69. 

69. 

49,69. 

288,519. 



68,246. 

246. 

246. 

49. 

49,191,519. 

49,389. 

212. 

6,212. 

49,485,519,536. 

195. 

49. 
49,392,519. 

49,291. 

68,170,191,245,412,487. 

49,193,485,531. 

49,241. 

193. 

134,519. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



121 



Table 16B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Plastics materials for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Material 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



PLASTICS MATERIALS, BENZENOID— Continued 

•Tar acid resins — Continued 
*Mixed phenolics — Continued 
•Unmodified — Continued 

Phenol-cresols-xylenols-f ormaldehyde : 

For laminating 

For molding and casting 

For protective coatings 

For miscellaneous uses 

Phenol-resorcinol-f ormaldehyde : 

For adhesives 

For protective coatings 

For miscellaneous uses 

Phenol-xylenols-f ormaldehyde : 

For laminating 

For protective coatings 

•Modified: 

Other than modified by rosin or rosin ester: For protective 
coatings : 

Cresylic acid-formaldehyde, modified 

Phenol-cresol-cyclopentadiene-f ormaldehyde 

Modified by rosin or rosin ester: For protective coatings: 
p-sec-Butylphenol-bisphenol-p-cyclohexyl-phenolformal- 

dehyde-rosin ester. 
p-tert-Butylphenol-bisphenol-formaldehyde-maleio anhyr 

dride-pentaerythritol-tall oil-rosin ester. 
p-tert-Butylphenol-bisphenol-formaldehyde-pentaerythri- 
tol-rosin ester. 

PLASTICS MATERIALS, NONBENZENOID 

Acrylic resins: 

Polybutyl methacrylate : 

For protective coatings 

For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 

For miscellaneous uses 

Polyethyl acrylate: For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 
Polyethyl acrylate-styxene: For treatment of textiles, paper, and 
leather. 

Polyethyl methacrylate : For lamina ting 

Polymethyl acrylate: For protective coatings 

Polymethyl methacrylate : 

For glazing, sheeting, and film 

For molding and casting 

For protective coatings 

For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 

For miscellaneous uses 

All other: 

For protective coatings 

For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 

•Alkyd resins: 
•Unmodified : 

Adipic acid-glycerol (oil type) : For protective coatings 

Adipic acid-glycol (solid type) : For protective coatings 

•Azelaic acid-diglycol (solid type): For protective coatings 

•Azelaic acid-fatty acid-glycerol (oil type) : For protective coat- 
ings. 
•Azelaic acid-glycerol (oil type) : 

For protective coatings 

For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 

For miscellaneous uses 

•Azelaic acid-glycol (solid type): For protective coatings 

Citric acid-glycerol (oil type) : For protective coatings 

Citric acid-pentaerythritol (oil type) : For protective coatings. 

Copals, synthetic, (oil type): For protective coatings 

Cyclopentadiene polyester type (oil type) : For protective coat- 
ings. 

Fumaric acid-glycerol (oil type): For protective coatings 

•Maleic anhydride-diethylene glycol (solid type) : For protec- 
tive coatings. 
•Maleic anhydride-dipropylene glycol (solid type) : For protec- 
tive coatings. 
•Maleic anhydride-glycerol (oil type): For protective coatings- 
*Maleic anhydride-glycerol (solid type) : 

For laminating 

Fo r protective coatings 



52,119,148,191,392,393,401. 

148,519. 

148,191,519. 

148,412. 

392. 

22. 

269. 

49. 
241,519. 



536. 
49. 

69. 

204, 

204. 



398. 

146. 

146. 

27. 

22. 

406. 
398. 

146,406. 

146,363,406. 

398,406. 

146. 

146,363,406. 

398. 
406. 



398. 
398. 
475. 
475. 



219,404. 

219. 

219. 

371. 

392. 

392. 

392. 

49,371. 

433. 
191. 

191. 

392,398,433,475. 

285. 
121,191. 



122 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 16B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Plastics materials for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Material 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



PLASTICS MATERIALS, NONBENZENOID— Continued 

*Alkyd resins — Continued 
♦Unmodified — Continued 

*Maleic anhydride-pentaerythritol (oil type) : For protective 

coatings. 
*Maleic anhydride-terpene-alcohol (solid type) : 

For protective coatings 

For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 

For miscellaneous uses 

*Sebacic acid-glycerol (oil type) : 

For protective coatings 

For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 

*Sebacic acid-glycerol (solid type): For protective coatings 

♦Sebacic acid-glycol (solid type): For protective coatings 

*Sebacic acid-pentaerythritol (oil type) : 

For protective coatings 

For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 

For miscellaneous uses 

Succinic acid-diglycol (oil type): For protective coatings 

All other (solid type) : 

For laminating 

For molding and casting 

*Modified: 

♦Other than modified by rosin ester: 

Cyclopentadiene-maleic anhydride-allyl alcohol (solid type) : 

For protective coatings. 
Cyclopentadiene, other (oil type): For protective coatings.. 
Maleic anhydride-adipic acid-ethanolamine-ethylenedia- 

mine-glycerol (solid type) : For protective coatings. 
Maleic anhydride-adipic acid-succinic acid-ethylenediamine- 

ethylene glycol (solid type) : For protective coatings. 
Maleic acid-azelaic acid-glycerol-triglycol (oil type) : For 

protective coatings. 
Maleic anhydride-fumaric acid-glycerol (oil type) : For pro- 
tective coatings. 
Maleic anhydride-phenol-formaldehyde (oil type) : For pro- 
tective coatings. 
Maleic anhydride-sebacic acid-diethylene glycol (solid type) : 

For molding and casting. 
Maleic anhydride-sebacic acid-glycerol (solid type) : For 

protective coatings. 
Maleic anhydride-styrene-propylene glycol (solid type) : For 

laminating. 
Maleic anhydride-styrene-oU (oil type) : For molding and 

casting. 
Maleic anhydride-styrene, other (solid type) : For laminating 
All other (solid type) : 

For laminating 

For protective coatings 

For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 

♦Modified by rosin ester: 

Citric acid-glycerol-pentaerythritol-rosin ester (oil type) : 

For protective coatings. 
Congo ester-pentaerythritol-tall oil (oil type) : For protective 
coatings. 

Copals, synthetic (solid type): For protective coatings 

♦Fumaric acid-glycerol-rosin ester (oil type) : For protective 

coatings. 
♦Fumaric acid-glycerol-rosin ester (solid type) : For protec- 
tive coatings. 
♦Fumaric acid-glycerol-tall oil (oU type) : For protective 

coatings. 
♦Funiaric acid-glycol-rosin ester (solid type) : For protective 

coatings. 
*Fumaric acid-pentaerythritol-rosin ester (solid type) : For 

protective coatings. 
*Fumaric acid-rosin ester, other (solid type) : For protective 

coatings. 
♦Maleic anhydride-castor and tall oil (oil type) : For protective 

coatings. 
♦Maleic anhydride-fumaric acid-glycerol-rosin ester (oil type) : 

For protective coatings. 
♦Maleic anhydride-glycerol-rosin ester (oil type) : For protec- 
tive coatings. 



169,198,433. 



219. 
219. 
219. 

204,392,398,504. 

504. 

398. 

398. 

219. 
219. 
219. 
22. 

301. 
536. 



241. 

191. 
536. 

536. 

22. 

182. 

433. 

536. 

392. 

536. 

536. 

507. 

398. 
392. 
193. 

392. 

540. 

271. 
191,198,392,433. 

204,241,351,355,392,398,504. 

475. 

271. 

475. 

351. 

241. 

392, 504. 

22, 26, 191, 198, 204, 2.55, 289, 
351, 371, 392. 433. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



123 



Table 16B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Plastics materials for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 19J+7 — Continued 



Material 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



PLASTICS MATERIALS, NONBENZENOID— Continued 

*Alkyd resins — Continued 
*Modified — Continued 

Modified by rosin ester — Continued 

*Maleic anhydride-glycerol-rosin ester (solid type) : 

For protective coatings 

For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 

For miscellaneous uses 

♦Maleic anhydride-glycerol-tall oil (oil type) : For protective 

coatings. 
*Maleic anhydride-glycerol-pentaerythritol-rosin ester (oil 

type) : For protective coatings. 
*Maleic anhydride-glycerol-pentaerj'thritol-rosin ester (solid 

type) : For protective coatings. 
*Maleic anhydride-glycerol-pentaerythritol-tall oil-rosin ester 

(oil type) : For protective coatings. 
*Maleic anhydride-glycol-rosin ester (solid type) : 

For protective coatings 

For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather . 

For miscellaneous uees 

*Maleic anhydride-pentaerythritol-rosin ester (oil type) : For 

protective coatings. 
*Maleic anhydride-pentaerythritol-rosin ester (solid type) : 

For protective coatings 

For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 

For miscellaneous uses 

*Maleic anhydride-pentaerythritol-tall oil (oil type) : For 

protective coatings. 
*Maleic anhydride-pentaerythritol-tall oil (solid type) : For 
protective coatings. 
Sebacic acid-glycerol-rosin ester (oil type) : For protective 

coatings. 
Sebacic acid-pentaerythritol-tall oil (oil type) : For protec- 
tive coatings. 
Sebacic acid-phthalic anhydride-pentaerythritol-tall oil (oil 
type) : For protective coatings. 

Furfuryl-f urf ural resins : For molding and casting 

Isobutylene-acrylonitrile resins: For treatment of textiles, paper, 

and leather. 
Petroleum resins: 

Cyclopentadiene resins: For protective coatings 

Petroleum resin-fatty acid-pentaerythritol: For protective 

coatings. 
All other: 

For adhesives 

For laminating 

For protective coatings 

For miscellaneous uses 

Polyamide resins (Nylon) : 

Ethylenediamine-soybean oil fatty acid: For miscellaneous uses. 
Polyhexamethylenediamine-adipic acid : 

For molding and casting 

For protective coatings 

For miscellaneous uses 

Polyhexamethylenediamine-sebacic acid: For miscellaneous uses. 
Polyethylene type resins: 
Polyethylene: 

For glazing, sheeting, and film 

For molding and casting 

For protective coatings 

Polytetrafluoroethylene: For miscellaneous uses 

Tetraethylene pentamine-epichlorohydrin : For ion exchange 

Polyterpene type resins: For miscellaneous uses 

*Rosin (abietic acid) adducts: For protective coatings: 

Fumaric acid-rosin adduct 

Maleic anhydride-abietic acid adduct 

Maleic anhydride-abietic acid adduct-diglycol ester 

Maleic anhydride-abietic acid adduct-glycerol ester 

Maleic anhydride-abietic acid adduct-glycerol-pentaerythritol 
ester. 

Maleic anhydride-abietic acid adduct-rosin 

Maleic anhydride-abietic acid adduct-oil 

Maleic anhydride-abietic acid adduct-pentaerythritol ester 

828108—49—9 



5, 204, 219, 241, 271, 285, 326 

351, 355, 392, 398, 433, 504. 
219. 
219. 
475. 

433, X. 

204,504. 

204. 



219,504. 

219. 

219 

204 1241,371,433, 468, 526. 



5, 219, 252, 264, 271, 285, 3 
392. 398, 433, 504, 526, 5.30. 
219. 
219. 
289. 

433. 

198. 

198. 

198. 

246. 
507. 



241,371. 
433. 



258. 
258. 
258. 
258. 

192. 

146. 
146. 
146. 
146. 



85. 

85. 

85,146. 

146. 

22. 

361. 

271,504. 

22,433. 

22. 

22. 

22. 

22,398. 
22,433. 

22. 



124 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 16B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Plastics materials for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Material 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



PLASTICS MATERIALS, NONBENZENOID— Continued 

♦Rosin (abietic acid) esters: 
♦Unmodified: 

Rosin-diethylene glycol : 

For adhesives 

For protective coatings 

Rosin-diethylene glycol-glycerol : 
*Rosin-glycerol : 

For adhesives 

For protective coatings 



For protective coatings. 



For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 

For miscellaneous uses 

Rosin-glycerol-pentaerythritol: For protective coatings 

Rosin-glycerol-glycol-pentaerythritol: For protective coatings. 

Rosin-glycol: 

For protective coatings 

For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 

For miscellaneous purposes 

Rosin-mannitol: For protective coatings 

Rosin-methanol : 

For protective coatings • 

For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 

For miscellaneous uses 

Rosin-pentaery thritol : 

For protective coatings 



For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 

For miscellaneous uses 

Rosin-sorbitol : For protective coatings 

*Tall oil-glycerol: 

For protective coatings 

For miscellaneous uses 

♦Tall oil-glycerol-mannitol : For protective coatings 

♦Tall oil-glycerol-pentaery thritol; For protective coatings 

♦Tall oil-glycerol-pentaery thritol-sorbitol: For protective 
coatings. 

♦Tall oil-pentaery thritol: For protective coatings 

♦Modified: 

Rosin-glycerol-oil : For protective coatings 

Rosin-lime-oil: For protective coatings 

Rosin-pentaery thritol-oil: For protective coatings 

Rosin-sorbitol-oil : For protective coatings 

Tall oil-pentaery thritol-oil: For protective coatings 

All other : For protective coatings 

Silicone resins: 

For laminating 

For protective coatings 

For miscellaneous uses 

•Urea and melamine resins: 

*Melamine-formaldehyde type: 
Unmodified: 

Butylmelamine-f ormaldehyde : For protective coatings 

Ethylmelamine-formaldehyde: For laminating 

•Melamine-f ormaldehyde : 

For laminating -. 

For molding and casting 

For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 

Methylmelamine-f ormaldehyde : 

For adhesives 

For laminating 

For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 

Modified: 

Butylmelamine-f ormaldehyde-phthalic anhydride-gljxerol- 

oil: For protective coatings. 
Butylmelamine-urea-formaldehyde: For protective coatings - 

Ethylmelamine-phenol-f ormaldehyde: For laminating 

Ethylmelamine-p-toluenesulfonamide-f ormaldehyde: For 

laminating. 
Melamine-aniline-cresol-f ormaldehyde: For molding and 
casting. 

Melamine-cresol-formaldehyde: For molding and casting 

Melamine-guanidine-f ormaldehyde : For ion exchange 

Melamine-methylmelamine-formaldehyde : For treatment 
of textiles, paper, and leather. 



504. 
504. 
504. 

504. 

5, 69, 126, 182, 198, 219, 252, 

285, 326, 351, 355, 392, 433, 

475, 504, 540, X. 
219. 
219. 

65,252,392,504. 
241. 

219,355,393. 
219. 

2re. 

433. 

219. 
219. 
219. 

5, 69, 126, 219, 285, 355, 392, 43 ! 

475, 504 . 
219. 
219. 
504. 

475, 504, X. 

331. 

433. 

X. 

504. 

5,65,204,392,504,540. 

198,371,392,504. 

392. 

5,371,392,433,504. 

504. 

126. 

371. 

143. 
143. 
143. 



22,323,398. 
22. 

22,323,487. 
22,285,323. 
22. 

323. 

22. 

22. 



22,398. 

22. 

22. 



22. 
22. 
22. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



125 



Table 16B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Plastics materials for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 194? — Continued 



Material 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



PLASTICS MATERIALS, NONBENZENOID— Continued 

•Urea and melamine resins — Continued 
•Melamine-formaldehyde type— Continued 
Modified — Continued 

Melamine-phenol-formaldehyde: For molding and casting... 
Melamine-p-toluenesulfonamide-formaldehyde: For lami- 
nating. 
Melamine-urea-f ormaldehyde : 

For adhesives 

For laminating 

For protective coatings 

Melamine-urea-p-toluenesulfonamide-f ormaldehyde: For 
laminating. 

Melamine- vinyl resin-formaldehyde : For laminating 

Methylmelamine-formaldehyde-sodium petroleum sulfonate- 
stearamide: For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather. 
*Urea-f ormaldehyde type : 
Unmodified : 

Butylurea-f ormaldehyde : 

For protective coatings 

For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 

Isobutylurea-f ormaldehyde: For protective coatings 

Methylurea-f ormaldehyde : For treatment of textiles, paper, 
and leather. 
*Urea-f ormaldehyde : 

For adhesives 



For molding and casting 

For protective coatings 

For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather. 



Modified: 

Bisulfite-urea-f ormaldehyde: For treatment of textiles, pa- 
per and leather. 
Butylurea-formaldehyde-phthalic anhydride-glycerol oil : 
For protective coatings. 

Urea-formaldehyde-furfuryl alcohol: For adhesives 

Urea-formaldehyde-tetraethylene pentamine-triethanola- 
mine : For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather. 
* Vinyl resins: 

Polyvinyl acetate: 

For adhesives 

For laminating 

For molding and casting 

For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 

For miscellaneous uses 

Polyvinyl alcohol: 

For adhesives 

For molding and casting 

For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 

For miscellaneous uses 

Polyvinyl alcohol-aldehydes: 
Polyvinyl butyral: 

For adhesives 

For glazing, sheeting, and film 

For laminating 

For protective coatings 

Polyvinyl formal: 

For molding and casting 

For protective coatings 

Polyvinyl ethers: 

Polyvinyl n-butyl ether : For adhesives 

Polyvinj'l methyl ether: For miscellaneous uses 

Polyvinyl ootadecyl ether: For treatment of textiles, paper, 
and leather. 
•Polyvinyl halides and copolymers: 
Polyvinyl chloride: 

For glazing, sheeting, and film 

For molding and casting 

For protective coatings 

For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 

For miscellaneous uses 



22. 
22. 
392. 

22. 

22. 
22. 



212, 285. 323,, 392. 



22,146,398. 

45. 

146. 

22. 



22, 49, 66, € 

398, 485. 
22,29,49,285. 
49,134,285,371.392. 
22, 134, 243, 285, 385, 392, 398, 

400, 485, 503, 505. 

22. 

22. 

22. 
22. 



27,85, 146, 425, 451, X. 

27. 

85,146. 

27,85, 146, 385, 400, X. 

146, 425, X. 

146,425. 
146. 
146. 
146. 



146,425. 
146,425. 
85. 
85,146.425. 

425. 
425. 

189. 
189. 
189. 



200. 

200. 

X. 

200. 

200. 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



126 

f 

Table 16B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Plastics materials for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Material 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



PLASTICS MATERIALS, NONBENZENOID— Continued 

*Vinyl resins — Continued 

Polyvinyl halides and copolymers — Continued 
Polyvinyl chloride-acetate copolymer: 

For adhesives 

For laminating 

For glazing, sheeting and film 

For molding and casting 

For protective coatings 

For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 

For miscellaneous uses 

Polyvinyl chloride-vinylidene chloride: 

For glazing, sheeting, and film 

For molding and casting 

For treatment of textiles, paper, and leather 

For miscellaneous uses 

All other nonbenzenoid resins: 

For molding and casting 

For miscellaneous uses 



85. 

85. 

85,358. 

85. 

85. 

85. 

85. 

141,200. 
141,200. 
141. 
200. 

513. 
187. 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS 

Table 19B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Rubber-processing chemicals for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 

[Rubber-processing chemicals for which separate statistics are given in table 19A are marked below 
with an asterisk (*); chemicals not so marked do not appear in table 19 A because the reported data 
are confidential and may not be published. Manufacturers are identified by numbers in the alpha- 
betical list appearing in table 24. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the pub- 
lication of his identification number with the designated product] 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 

♦Accelerators : 

*Aldehyde-amines : 

Acetaldehyde-aniline 

*n-Butyraldehyde-amline 

a-Ethyl-0-propylacrolein-aniline 

Formaldehyde-aniline (Methylene aniline) 

Formaldehyde-p-toluidine (Alethylene-p-toluidine) 

Heptaldehyde-aniline 

Triethyltrimethylenetriamine 

*Dithiocarbamates : 

Benzal dimethyl dithiocarbamate. _ _ 

Carbon disulfide-methylenedipiperidine 

Dibenzyl dithiocarbamio acid, zinc salt 

Dimethyl ethylenediphenyl dithiocarbamic acid, lead salt 

Dimethyl ethylenediphenyl dithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

2,4-Dinitrophenyl dimethj'l dithiocarbamate 

Piperidinium pentamethylene dithiocarbamic acid, potassium 
salt. 

Piperidinium pentamethylene dithiocarbamate 

*Guanidines: 

*Diphenylguanidine 

Diphenylguanidine phthalate 

Di-o-tolylguanidine 

Triphenylguanidine 

*Thiazole derivatives: 

Alkyl mercaptothiazole 

2-(Benzoylthio)benzothiazole 

Bis-N,N'-(2-Benzothiazylthiometh}d)urea 

N-Cyclohexyl-2-benzothiazole sulfonamide 

2-(2',4'-Dinitrophenylthio)benzothiazole 

Disulfide alkylated 2-mercaptothiazole 

*2,2'-Dithiobisbenzothiazole (2,2'-Benzothiazyl disulfide) 

*2-Mercaptobenzothiazole 

2-Meroaptobenzothiazole, lead salt 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, sodium salt 

*2-Mercaptofc)enzothiazole, zinc salt 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole-diphenylguanidine salt 

Mercaptobenzothiazole - formaldehyde - cresylic acid - hexa- 
methylenetetramine. 



146,323,507. 

146,200,323,507. 

99. 

146,323. 

146. 

507. 

507. 

507. 

323. 

507. 

99. 

99. 

507. 

146. 

323,507. 

22,146,323. 

323,507. 

22,146. 



200. 

323. 

323. 

323. 

323. 

200. 

23,202,323. 

23,202,323,507. 

146. 

202. 

23,202,507. 

323. 

146. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



127 



Table 19B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Rubber-processing chemicals for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 194-7 — 
Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— 
Continued 

•Accelerators — Continued 

♦Thiazole derivatives — Continued 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole-methylene-aniline 

2-Mercaptothiazoline 

Thiurams : 

Di-N-pentamethylene thiuram tetrasulfide 

Miscellaneous compounds: 

p-Benzoquinone dioxime 

Dibenzylamine 

p-Quinone dioxime dibenzoate 

♦Antioxidants : 

Aldehyde- and acetone-amines: 

Acetaldehyde-aniline hydrochloride 

p-Aminodiphenyl-acetone 

Aniline-acetone, acid derivatives 

Benzidine-acetone 

Butyraldehyde-aniline 

Crotonihdine-a-naphthylamine 

Diphenylamine-acetone 

p-Phenetidine-acetone 

Phenyl-^-naphthylamine-acetone 

*Anaino or hydroxy compounds: 

p-tert-Butyl-m-cresol sulfide 

2,4-Diaminodiphenylamine 

p,p'-Diaminodiphenylmethane 

Diamylhydroquinone 

j3-Di-p-hydroxy phenylpropane 

2,4-Di-tert-butylhydroquinone 

p,p'-Dimethoxydiphenylamine 

N,N'-Di-j3-naphthol-p-phenylenediamine 

N , N'-Diphenylethylenediamine 

*N,N'-Diphenyl-p-phenylenediamine 

N,N'-Diphenylpropylenediamine 

Di-o-tolylethylenediamine 

Hydroquinone monobenzyl ether 

p-Hydroxydiphenylamine 

p-Hydroxy-N-phenylmorpholine 

p-Isopropoxydiphenylamine 

Phenyl-a-naphthylamine 

Phenyl-/3-naphthylamine 

p-(p-Toluenesu If onamino) diphenylamine 

o-Toly l-/3-naphthylamine 

Guanidines: Dicatechol borate, di-o-tolylguanidine salt 

Miscellaneous compounds: 

Diphenylnitrosamine 

2,2,4-Trimethyldihydroquinoline 

Triphenyl phosphite 

Inhibitors : N-Nitrosodiphenylamine 

Peptizers : o.o'-Dibenzamidodiphenyl disulfide 

Tackifiers : p-tert-Amylphenol sulfide 

Other uses: 

tert-Butyl perbenzoate 

l-Hydroxy cyclohexyl hydroperoxide 

RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 

•Accelerators: 

Aldehyde-amines: Butyraldehyde-monobutylamine 

•Dithiocarbamates : 

Amyl ammonium dimethyl dithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Dibutyl dithiocarbamic acid , sodium salt 

•Dibutyl dithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Diethyl dithiocarbamic acid, copper salt 

Diethyl dithiocarbamic acid, selenium salt 

Diethyl dithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

Diethyl dithiocarbamic acid, tellurium salt 

Diethyl dithiocarbamic acid , zinc salt 

Dimethyl dithiocarbamic acid, lead salt 

Zinc ethylene bis-(/3-cyano ethyl dithiocarbamate) 

•Thiurams: 

Tetrabutyl thiuram monosulfide 

Tetraethyl thiuram disulfide 

Tetramethyl thiuram disulfide 

Tetramethyl thiuram monosulfide 

Tetramethyl thiuram tetrasulfide 



507. 
23. 

146. 

507. 
507. 
507. 



507. 
323. 
323. 
323. 
146. 
200. 
507. 
323. 
507. 

323. 

323. 

146,507. 

323. 

202. 

323. 

146. 

200. 

99. 

146,200,323,507. 

99. 

99. 

200. 

146,200,-507. 

146. 

200. 

146. 

146,200. 

507. 

202. 

146. 

507. 

200. 

323,507. 

200. 

23. 

424. 

500. 
500. 



146. 

202. 

.507. 

202, 323, 507, X. 

X. 

507, 551, X. 

551 . 

551. 

202, 323, 507, X. 

551. 

323. 

507. 

146, 202, 323, 507, X. 

146, 202, 323, 507, X. 

146,323,507. 

146. 



128 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 19B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Rubber-processing chemicals for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — 
Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (nccording to list 

in table 24) 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— 
Continued 

•Accelerators — Continued 
Xanthates : 

Di-N-butyl xanthodisulfide 

Di-isopropyl xanthodisulfide 

Zinc butyl xanthate 

Antioxidants : Methyl ethyl ketoxime. 

Peptizers: 

Alkyl mercaptans, mixed, tertiary 

•Dodecyl mercaptans 

Other uses: 

tert-Butyl hydroperoxide 

Dichloropentanes 

Tetraethyl thiuram disulfide -- 

Zinc laurate 



507. 
200. 
202,507. 



367. 
146,227,367,424,508. 

500. 
424. 
146, X. 
507. 



ELASTOMERS (SYNTHETIC RUBBERS) 

Table 20B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Elastomers {synthetic rubbers) for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 194? 

[Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) for which separate statistics are given in table 20A are marked below 
with an asterisk (*) ; products not so marked do not appear in table 20A because the reported data 
are confidential and may not be published. Manufacturers are identified by numbers in the alpha- 
betical list appearing in table 24. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the pub- 
lication of his identification number with the designated product] 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



ELASTOMERS, CYCLIC 

*Polybutadiene-styrene type : 

Butaprene S 

Chemigum S 

GR-S type 

HycarOS 

Marbon S and S-1 resins 

Styraloy 

*Polystyrene-isoprene type 

ELASTOMERS, ACYCLIC 

Polyalkalene-sulfide type: 

Thiokol A -- 

ThiokolFA 

■•Polybutadiene-acrylonitrile type : 

Butaprene N series 

Chemigum N 

Heresite type N 

Hycar OR 

Perbunan 

Polychloroprene type: 

GR-M type 

Neoprene GR-MIO 

Neoprene latex type #571 

Polyisobu ty lene type : Vistanex 

Polyisobutylene-isoprene type: GR-I type 

Polyisoprene type 

•Polyvinyl type: 

Polyvinyl butyral (Butvar) (Butacite) 

Polyvinyl chloride (Koroseal) (Plioflex) 

Polyvinyl chloride-vinyl acetate (Vinylite) 

Polyvinyl chloride-vinylidene chloride (Geon type) 
Reaction products of natural rubber: 

Polymerized chlorinated rubber elastomer (Parlon) 
Cyclorubbers: 

Marbon B 

PUolite 

SiUcone elastomers 



178. 
202. 
40, 124, 179, 194, 201, 203. 328 

508, X. 
200. 
300. 
141. 
179. 



141. 
141. 

178. 
202. 
220. 
200. 
40,466. 

146,147. 

147. 

146,147. 

162,466. 

231,466. 

202. 

85,323. 
200. 
85,478. 
200. 

219. 

300. 
202. 
143. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



129 



PLASTICIZERS 

Table 21B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Plasticizers for which United States pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 

[Plasticizers for which separate statistics are given in table 21A are marked below with an asterisk 
(•); products not so marked do not appear in table 21A because the reported data are confidential 
and may not be pubUshed. Manufacturers are identified by numbers in the alphabetical list ap- 
pearing in table 24. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his 
identification number with the designated product] 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



PLASTICIZERS, CYCLIC 

Phosphoric acid esters: 

Cresyl diphenyl phosphate 

Diphenyl mono-o-xenyl phosphate 

Diphenyl octyl phosphate 

Tri (p-tert-butylphenyl) phosphate 

•Tricresyl phosphate 

Triphenyl phosphate 

•Phthalic anhydride esters: 

Butyl benzyl phthalate 

Butyl phthalyl butyl glycolate 

Castor oil phthalate 

Castor oil phthalate, hydrogenated 

Diallyl phthalate 

Di(butylcellosolve) phthalate (Dibutoxyethyl phthalate) 

•Dibutyl phthalate 

Dicapryl phthalate 

Dicarbitol phthalate (Bis(diethylene glycol monoethyl ether) 

phthalate) . 
Dicellosolve phthalate (Diethoxyethyl phthalate) 

•Dicyclohexyl phthalate 

Di-2-ethylbutyl phthalate 

■ Di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate 

•Diethyl phthalate 

Dihexyl phthalate 

Dimethylcellosolve phthalate (Di (ethylene glycol monomethyl 

ether) phthalate) (Dimethoxyethyl phthalate). 
Di (methylcyclohexyl) phthalate 

•Dimethyl phthalate 

Di-n-octyl phthalate 

Diphenyl phthalate 

Ethyl phthalyl ethyl glycolate 

Methyl phthalyl ethyl glycolate 

All other 

All other cyclic plasticizers: 

Anhydro sorbitol tetrapropionate 

Camphor, synthetic 

Coumarone-indene plasticizer 

Cyclohexyl stearate 

N-Cy clohexyl-p-toluenesulf onamide 

Diamylnaphthalene 

Dibenzyl sebacate 

Diphenyl cyclohexyl (o-, m-, and p-) 

Ethyl o-benzoylbenzoate 

Ethylene glycol dibenzenesulfonate 

N-Ethyl-p-toluenesulf onamide 

N-Ethyltoluenesulf onamide, o-, p-, mixture 

Isopropylidenediphenoxypropanol 

N-Methyl-p-toluenesulf onamide 

Phenolic coumarone-indene plasticizer 

Phenyl propionate polyglycol ether 

Phenylpolypropylene glycol propionate 

Polyamylnaphthalene 

Styrene, polymerized 

Tetrahydrofurfuryl oleate 

PLASTICIZERS, ACYLIC 

Azelaic acid esters: 

Dicyclohexyl azelate 

Di(2-ethylbutyl) azelate 

Di-isobutyl azelate 

Monomethyl azelate 

Citric acid esters: 

Tri-n-butyl acetylcitrate 

Tri-n-butyl citrate 

Triethyl acetylcitrate 

Triethyl citrate 



323. 

141. 

323. 

141. 

93,323,324,344. 

141,323. 

323. 

323. 

146. 

146. 

344. 

146,344. 

6, 22, 116, 146, 256, 323, 344, 433, 

488,504. 
6,213,398. 
344. 

344. 

6, 146, 344, X. 

488. 

85,261. 

22 , 1 16 , 146 , 219 , 256 , 323 , 488. 

213. 

146,344. 

146. 

6,22,116,146,256,323,488. 

22,146,344. 

323. 

323. 

323. 

6,344. 

45. 

146. 

330,361. 

261. 

323. 

424. 

398. 

323. 

22. 

552. 

323. 

323,552. 

141. 

323. 

330. 

45. 

45. 

424. 

141. 

159,227. 



X. 
159. 
X. 
159. 

365. 

116,365. 
365. 
365. 



130 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 21B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Plasticizers for which United States pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

*Lauric acid esters: 

Butylcellosolve laurate (Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether laur- 

ate) (Butoxyethjd laurate). 

Butyl laurate 

Diethylene glycol monolaurate 

Glyceryl monolaurate 

Hexitol polyglycol ether laurate 

Hexitol polyglycol ether mixed soybean oil lauric ester 

Methyl laurate 

Octyl laurate 

Polyethylene glycol dilaurate 

1 ,2-Propylene glycol monolaurate 

*01eic acid esters: 

Butylcellosolve oleate (Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether oleate) 

(Butoxyethyl oleate). 

Butyl oleate 

*Diethylene glycol mono-oleate 

Ethyl oleate 

Glyceryl diacetyltartrate mono-oleate 

Glyceryl dioleate 

*Glyceryl mono-oleate 

Glyceryl trioleate 

Methyl oleate 

Methylcellosolve oleate (Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether 

oleate) (Methoxyethyl oleate). 

Polyethylene glycol dioleate 

Polyethylene glycol mono-oleate 

Polyglyceryl oleate 

1,2-Propylene glycol mono-oleate 

n-Propyl oleate 

Propyl oleate, other 

*Phosphoric acid esters: 

Octyl acid phosphate 

Tributylcellosolve phosphate (Tri(ethylene glycol monobutyl 

ether) phosphate). 

Tributyl phosphate 

Triethyl phosphate 

Trioctyl phosphate 

Ricinoleic acid esters: 

n-Butyl acetylricinoleate 

Butyl ricinolcate r-.-- 

Cellosolve ricinoleate (Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether ricin- 

oleate) (Ethoxyethyl ricinoleate). 

Diethylene glycol monoricinoleate 

Ethyl acetylricinoleate 

Glyceryl diricinoleate 

Glyceryl monoricinoleate 

Glyceryl triacetylricinoleate 

Methyl acetylricinoleate 

Methylcellosolve acetylricinoleate (Ethylene glycol monomethyl 

ether acetylricinoleate) (Methoxyethyl acetylricinoleate). 
Methylcellosolve ricinoleate (Ethylene glycol monomethyl 

ether ricinoleate) (Methoxymethyl ricinoleate). 

Methyl ricinoleate 

Propylene glycol monoricinoleate 

Sebacic acid esters: 

Dibutylcellosolve sebacate (Di(ethylene glycol monobutyl 

ether) sebacate) (Dibutoxyethyl sebacate). 

Dibutyl sebacate 

Di (2-ethylhexyl) sebacate 

Sebacic acid polyester 

♦Stearic acid esters: 

Butylcellosolve stearate (Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether 

stearate) (Butoxyethyl stearate). 

*Butyl stearate 

Diethylene glycol distearate 

Diethylene glycol monostearate 

Ethyl stearate 

Ethylene glycol distearate 

Glyceryl distearate 

Glyceryl monohydroxystearate 

*Glyceryl monostearate 



261. 

261. 

55, 199,261,337, X. 

55,199,261. 

45. 

45. 

261. 

261. 

199. 

65,87,160,199,261. 

199,261,344. 

116,261,337,344. 

159, 199, 261, 323, 337, X. 

261. 

160. 

261. 

55,87,159,160,199,261. 

87,159. 

159,261,337. 

261,344. 

199. 

55, 199, X. 

160. 

261. 

159. 

159. 

146. 
344. 

116. 

323,488. 

85. 

51. 

51,1.32. 

132,199. 

199. 

51. 

3.37. 

55,199,261. 

51. 

51. 

51,132,344. 

51. 

51. 

87. 

132,146. 

116,213,398,488. 

398. 

398. 

261,344. 

116,132,160,261,337,460,488. 
261,400. 

55, 87, 183, 199, 261, 517, X. 
261. 
261. 
261. 
337. 

55, 87, 160, 183, 199, 261, 337. 
517. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



131 



Table 21B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Plasticizers for which United States pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

'Stearic acid esters — ^Continued 

Glyceryl tristearate 

Methylcellosolve stearate (Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether 

stearate) (Methoxy ethyl stearate). 

Methyl dichlorostearate 

Methyl pentachlorostearate 

Methyl stearate 

Polyethylene glycol monostearate 

Polyglyceryl stearate 

1 ,2-Propylene glycol monostearate 

All other acyclic plasticizers: 

Adipic acid polyesters 

Butoxyethyl diglycol carbonate 

Butyl diglycol carbonate 

N-n-Butylurea 

Dibutylcellosolve adipate (Di(ethylene glycol monobutyl ether) 

adipate) (Dibutoxyethyl adipate). 
Dibutylcellosolve tartrate (Di(ethylene glycol monobutyl ether) 

tartrate) (Dibutoxj'ethyl tartrate). 

Dibutyl tartrate 

Diethylene glycol dipelargonate 

Diethylene glycol ester of coconut fatty acid 

Diethylene glycol ester of mixed animal fatty acids 

Di(2-ethylhexVl) adipate 

Di(2-ethylhexyl) diglycolate 

Glycerj'l monoester of tallow 

Glyceryl tri propionate 

Methylcellosol ve palniitate 

Octadecene nitrile 

Polyethylene glycol ester of fatty coconut oil 

Polyethylene glycol tallow fatty acid ester 

Tributyl ^-carboxyadipate 

Tri-2-ethylbutyl /3-carboxyadipate 

Triethylene glycol di(caprylate-caprate) 

Triethylene glycol di-2-ethylbutyrate 



199,261. 
261,488. 

227. 

227. 

261. 

5.5,199,517. 

160. 

55,87,160,199. 

398. 
371. 
371. 
424. 
146,344. 

146. 

261. 

159. 

199, 261, X. 

159. 

146! 344, 488. 

488. 

460. 

488. 

488. 

38. 

159. 

83. 

196. 

196. 

157. 

85. 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 

Table 22B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Surface-active agents for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 194.7 

[Surface-active agents for which separate statistics are given in table 22A are marked below with an 
asterisk (*) ; products not so marked do not appear in table 22A because the reported data are con- 
fidential and may not be published. Manufacturers are identified by numbers in the alphabetical 
list appearing in table 24. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication 
of his identification number with the designated product] 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, CYCLIC 

*Polyhydric alcohol esters and ethers: 

Alkyl amyl polyether alcohol 

Anhydro hexitol dilaurate 

Anhydro hexitol dilaurate polyglycol ether 

Anhydro hexitol dioleate 

Anhydro hexitol distearate 

Anhydro hexitol glycerol monolaurate 

Anhydro hexitol glycerol propylene glycol ricinoleate polyglycol 
ether. 

Anhydro hexitol monolaurate 

Anhydro hexitol monolaurate polyglycol ether 

Anhydro hexitol mono-oleate 

Anhydro hexitol mono-oleate polyglycol ether 



279,406. 

45. 

45. 

45. 

45. 

45. 

45. 

45. 
45. 
45. 
45. 



132 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 22B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Surface-active agents for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, CYCLIC— Continued 

♦Polyhydric alcohol esters and ethers — Continued 

Anhydro hexitol monopalmitate 

Anhydro hexitol monopalmitate polyglycol ether 

Anhydro hexitol monoricinoleate 

Anhydro hexitol monostearate 

Anhydro hexitol monostearate polyglycol ether 

Anhydro hexitol sesquioleate 

Anhydro hexitol trioleate 

Anhydro hexitol trioleate polyglycol ether 

Anhydro hexitol triricinoleate 

Anhydro hexitol triricinoleate polyglycol ether 

Anhydro hexitol tristearate 

Anhydro hexitol tristearate polyglycol ether 

Anhydro mannitol monolaurate polyglycol ether 

Anhydro sorbitol mono-oleate polyglycol ether 

Anhydro sorbitol monostearate polyglycol ether 

Glucose polyglycol ether-polyglycol distearate 

Glucose polyglycol ether-polyglycol oleate 

Glucose polyglycol ether-polyglycol tetrastearate 

Polyglycol diamylphenyl ether 

Polyglycol iso-octylphenyl ether 

Polyglycol iso-octyltolyl ether 

•Quaternary ammonium compounds: 

Alkyl dimethylbenzylammonium chloride 

Cetyldimethylbenzylammonium chloride 

Cetylpyridinium chloride 

2,4-Dichlorobenzyldimethyllaurylammonium chloride 

2-Lauroyloxyethylcarbamylmethylpyridimum chloride (Lauryl 
ester of colaminoformylmethylpyridinium chloride). 

*Lauryldimethylbenzylammonium chloride 

Lauryldimethyldibenzylammonium chloride 

Methylol stearamide pyridinium condensate 

Myristamidopropyldimethylbenzylammonium chloride . 

Octadecyl and octadeoenyl dimethylbenzylammonium chloride . . 

Stearoxymethyl pyridinium chloride 

Trimethylbenzylammonium chloride 

•Sulfated and sulfonated cyclic surface-active agents: 
*Alkyl benzenoid compounds, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Alkyl aryl sulfonate . 

Alkylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Alkyl phenyl ethers, sulfonated 

Butylbiphenylmonosulf onic acid and salt 

Butylphenylphenolmonosulfonic acid and salt 

5-Chlorobis (3 ,5-dichloro-2-hydroxyphenyl)-o-toluene8ulfonic 
acid and salt. 

Decylbenzenesulfonio acid and salt 

Dibutylphenylphenoldisulfonic acid and salt 

Di-isopropylbenzenesulfonic acid and salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid and salt 

Dodecyltoluenesulfonic acid and salt 

Alkyl naphthalenoid compounds, sulfonated: 

* Amylnaphthalenesulf onic acid , and salt 

BenzylnaphthalenedKand mono)sulfonic acid and salt 

l,l'-Binaphthyl-2,2'-disulfonic acid, disodium salt 

*Butylnaphthalenesulfonic acid and salt 

Diamylnaphthalenesulfonic acid and salt 

*Dibutylnaphthalenesulfonic acid and salt 

*Di-isopropylnaphthalenesulfonic acid and salt 

Dilaurylnaphthalenesulf onic acid and salt 

Isoamylnaphthalene sulfonate 

*Isopropylnaphthalene sulfonic acid 

*Isopropyl-2-naphthalene sulfonic acid, sodium salt 

^-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate 

*NonylnaphthalenesuLfonic acid, sodium salt 

Oleylnaphthalenesulf onic acid 

Lignin, sulfonated and salts: 

Calcium lignosulf onate 

Sodium lignosulf onate_ 

*Petroleum compounds, sulfonated: 

Acid layer type petroleum sulfonate, aluminum salt 

Acid layer type petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt 

Oil layer type petroleum sulfonate, ammonium salt 

Oil layer type petroleum sulfonate, barium salt 

Oil layer type petroleum sulfonate, calcium salt 

*Oil layer type petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt 

All other 



45. 

45. 

45. 

45. 

45. 

45. 

45. 

45. 

45. 

45. 

45. 

45. 

45. 

45. 

45. 

45. 

45. 

45. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

399,400. 

177,279,399,400,403,54/ 

314. 

177. 

160. 

177,227,400,473,547. 

400. 

325. 

22. 

399. 

479. 

116. 



44. 

X. 

279,406. 

323,432. 

323. 

189. 

323. 

323. 

323. 

8,228,321,323. 

12,499. 

15,43.228,479. 

189. 

146. 

12,96,460. 

12,15,385. 

189 325. 

22,189,217,325,499. 

337. 

22. 

483, X. 

8,22,136,400. 

X. 

4,12,337,408,432,532. 

X. 

298. 
298. 

465. 

463,465. 

436. 

44. 

436. 

44 , 346 , 430 , 436 , 456 , 465 , 480 . 

490. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



133 



Table 22B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Surface-active agents for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC 

*Nitrogen-containing surface-active agents other than sulfated or 
sulfonated compounds: 
*Ainide surface-active agents: 

N-(Aminoethyl)-N-(hydroxyethyl)laurainide (Lauramide of 
aminoethylethanolamine) . 
•N-(Aminoethyl)-N-(hydroxyethyl)oleamide (Oleamide of am- 
inoethylethanolamine) . 
*N-(Aminoethyl)-N-(hydroxyethyl)stearamide (Stearamide of 
aminoethylethanolamine) . 

N-(Aminoethyl)lauramide 

N-( Aminoethyl) oleamide 

N-(Aminoethyl)stearamide 

Coconut oil fatty acid amide 

•Coconut oil fatty acid amide of diethanolamine 



Coconut oil fatty acid amide of isopropanolamine 

Coconut oil fatty acid amide of monoethanolamine 

N,N-Di(2-hydroxyethyl)lauranude (Diethanol lauramide) 

N,N-Di(2-hydroxyethyl)oleamide (Diethanol oleamide) 

*N,N-Di(2-hydroxyethyl)stearamide (Diethanol stearamide) 

*N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)lauramide (Ethanol lauramide) 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)myristamide (Ethanol myristamide) 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl) oleamide (Ethanol oleamide) 

N-(2-Hydroxypropyl) lauramide (Isopropanol lauramide) 

N-(2-Hydroxypropyl)oleamide (Isopropanol oleamide) 

Laurie acid ester of ethanolamide of chloroacetic acid 

Palm oil fatty acid amide of diethanolamine 

Stearamide of diethylenetriamine 

Stearamide of tetraethylenepentamine 

Tall oil fatty acid amide of diethanolamine 

All other 

*Amine salts of fatty acids: 

Diethanolamine laurate 

Diethanolamine oleate 

Diethanolamine salt of tall oil 

Oleyl glyoxilidine 

Triethanolamine laurate 

Triethanolamine oleate 

Triethanolamine salt of coconut fatty acids 

Triethanolamine salt of tall oil 

♦Nitrogen-containing, other: 

Cetyldimethylethylammonium bromide 

Cetyltrimethylammonium bromide 

Dilaurylammonium bromide 

Ethanolamine hydrochloride , lauric acid ester 

Ethylenedinitrilotetra-acetic acid, tetrasodium salt 

Ethylene oxide addition product of octadeoyl guanidine carbo- 
nate and octadecyl amine. 

N-Lauroylpolypeptide 

N-Lauryldiethanolamine 

Nitrilotriacetic acid , trisodium salt 

Octadecyl, octadecenyl, and octadecadienyl dimethylethyl am- 
monium bromide. 
Octadecyl and octadecenyl dimethylethylammonium bromide. 

Oleoylsarcosin (N-Methyloleoylglycine), sodium salt 

Oleylamine polyether alcohol 

Oleylbiguanidine hydrochloride 

N-Oleylpolypeptide 

Protein hydrolysate-fatty acid condensate 

Stearamidopropyldimethylhydroxyethyl-ammonium chloride _ . 

Stearoylsarcosine (N-Methylstearoylglycine) sodium salt 

Stearylbiguanide hydrochloride 

Triethanolamine, coconut oil fatty acid ester 

Triethanolamine, oleic acid ester 

Trih exylammonium sulf otricarballylate 

Phosphorus derivatives of high molecular weight alcohols 

*Polyhydric alcohol esters and ethers: 

Diethylene glycol mono-oleate 

Diethylene glycol monostearate 

Glucose polyglycol ether monostearate 

Hexitol polyglycol ether - glycol dilaurate 

Hexitol polyglycol ether hexastearate 

Hexitol polyglycol ether hexa (tall oil) ester 

Hexitol polyglycol ether pentaoleate 

Hexitol polyglycol ether penta (tall oil) ester 



15. 
4,217,337. 

4, 15, 43, 88, 136, 217, 325, 337 , 

460, 499. 
337. 
337. 
337. 

15,228,532. 
12, 15, 136, 217, 228, 325, 335, 

385, 499, X. 
X. 
X. 
337. 
X. 

12,88,479. 
12, 337, 479, 483, X. 
X. 

337,460. 
X. 
X. 
X. 
134. 
499. 
134. 
532. 
X. 

43,532. 

88. 

43,532. 

12. 

55,88. 

55,261,532. 

12. 

134,532. 

177. 

314,399. 

400. 

160. 

189. 

22. 

X. 

473. 
189. 
399. 

399. 

189. 

189. 

189. 

X. 

253. 

22. 

189. 

189. 

88,335. 

X. 

189. 

523. 

325. 

325. 

45. 

45. 

45. 

45. 

45. 

45. 



134 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 22B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Surface-active agents for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

•Polyhydric alcohol esters and ethers — Continued 

Hexitol polyglycol ether-polyglycol diricinoleate 

Hexitol polyglycol ether - polyglycol hexalaurate 

Hexitol polyglycol ether - polyglycol hexastearate 

Hexitol polyglycol ether - polyglycol hexa (tall oil) ester 

Hexitol polyglycol ether - polyglycol monolaurate 

Hexitol polyglycol ether - polyglycol pentalaurate 

Hexitol polyglycol ether - polyglycol tetralaurate 

Hexitol polyglycol ether tetraoleate 

Hexitol polyglycol ether tetra (oleate, laurate) ester 

Hexitol polyglycol lanolin ether 

Hexitol polypropylene glycol ether dioleate 

Polyglycol casein 

Polyglycol castor oil 

Polyglycol coconut fatty acid ester 

Polyglycol lanolin ether 

Polyglycol lauryl ether 

Polyglycol mixed fatty acid amines 

•Polyglycol monolaurate 

Polyglycol mono-oleate 

Polyglycol monoricinoleate 

Polyglycol monostearate 

Polyglycol olein 

Polyglycol oleyl ether 

Polyglycol tall oil ester - 

Propylene glycol glycerol mono(cottonseed fatty acid) ester 

Propylene glycol monolaurate 

Propylene glycol mono-oleate 

Propylene glycol monostearate 

Propylene glycol monostearate polyglycol ether 

Tall oil polyglycol ether 

Triethylene glycol laurate 

All other 

Salts of fatty acids: 

Petroleum aliphatic acid salts 

Potassium laurate 

♦Potassium oleate 

Potassium salt of animal fatty acids 

Potassium salt of cottonseed fatty acids 

*Sodium oleate 

Sodium ricinoleate 

Sodium salt of soybean oil fatty acids 

Sodium salt of tall oil 

Sodium salt of tallow 

All other 

♦Sulfated and sulfonated acyclic surface-active agents: 

Acids, sulfated and sulfonated: 
Acetylricinoleic acid, sulfonated, sodium salt 

*Fish oil fatty acids, sulfonated 

*Fish oil fatty acids, hydroeenated, sulfonated 

Naphtha and oleic acid, sulfonated 

*01eic acid, sulfonated (Sulfonated red oil) 

Ricinoleic acid, sulfonated, ammonium salt 

Ricinoleic acid, sulfonated, potassium salt 

Ricinoleic acid, sulfonated, sodium salt 

Stearic acid, sulfonated 

Alcohols, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Coconut oil alcohols, sulfonated 

Decyl sulfate 

3,9-Diethyl-6-tridecylsulfate, sodium salt 

7-Ethyl-2-methyl-4-undecylsulfate, sodium salt 

2-Ethylhexylsulfate, sodium salt 

Hexadecyl sulfate 

Lauryl sulfate, sodium salt 

Lauryl sulfate, triethanolamine salt 

N-Methyloleylaminopolyethoxyethylsulf uric acid, sodium salt 

Oley 1 sulfate 

All other 

*Amides, sulfated and sulfonated: 

♦Coconut oil fatty acid amide, sulfonated, potassium salt 

♦Coconut oil fatty acid amide, sulfonated, sodium salt 



45. 

45. 

45. 

45. 

45. 

45. 

45. 

45. 

45. 

45. 

45. 

189. 

189. 

15. 

45. 

45 , 189 . 

45. 

12,55,88,134.261,385. 

12,55,261,337. 

55. 

12,15,45,55.136,261,337,556. 

189. 

189. 

15. 

45. 

45. 

45. 

45,55,261. 

45. 

45. 

483. 

X. 

463. 

55,325,337. 

15,55,460,532. 

543. 

134,543. 

15,43.532. 

532. 

15. 

15,532. 

432. 

432. 



460. 

133,228.337,543. 

416. 

X. 

15, 22, 43, 89, 117, 133, 189, 217, 
228, 254, 275, 303, 322, 325, 
337, 385, 390, 405, 410, 416, 
460, 479, 532, 542, 543, 556. 

104. 

337. 

55,432. 

390. 

321. 

400. 

85. 

85. 

85. 

12. 

146, 400, X. 

X. 

189. 

400. 

385. 

217,499. 

12, 15, 88, 136, 217, 325, 385, 400' 
432. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



135 



Table 22B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Surface-active agents for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

*Sulfated and sulfonated acyclic surface-active agents — Continued 
'Amides, sulfated and sulfonated — Continued 

♦Coconut oil fatty acid ethanolamide sulfate, sodium salt 

♦Coconut oil fatty acid ethanolamide sulfosuccinate, sodium salt 
♦Coconut oil fatty acid isopropanolamide sulfate, sodium salt_- 
Lauramidoisopropanolsulfate (Lauroyl isopropanolamide sul- 
fate), sodium salt. 

Laurie acid ester of potassium sulfoacetoethanolamide 

Laurie acid ester of sodium sulfoacetoethanolamide 

Lauroylamide(polyamine) polysulf onate 

Methylene-diethanolaniide of (stearic and coconut oil fatty 
acids) sulfate, sodium salt. 

N-Methyloleoyltaurine and salt 

N-Methylpalmitoyltaurine and salt _ 

Myristic acid ethanolamide sulfosuccinate, sodium salt 

N-Octadecyldisodium sulf osuccinamate 

Oleamideisopropanolsulfate (Oleyl isopropanolamide sulfate), 
sodium salt. 

Oleamide sulfonated, sodium salt . 

Oleoyltaurine (Ethanol-oleamide sulfonic acid) and salt 

Tallow fatty acid amide, sulfonated, sodium salt 

Esters, sulfated and sulfonated : 

Diamyl sodium sulfosuccinate 

Dibuty 1 sodium sulfosuccinate 

Diethylene glycol oleate sulfate 

Dihexyl sodium sulfosuccinate 

Dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate 

Lauryl sulf oacetate 

Monostearin sulfoacetate, sodium salt 

Sulfated n-butyl ricinoleate, sodium salt 

Sulfated n-butyl oleate 

Sulfated ethyl oleate 

♦Sulfated isopropyl oleate 

Sulfated methyl oleate 

Sulfated methyl, ethyl, propyl oleate _ 

Sulfated monoglycerides of coconut fatty acids, ammoniunm 

salt. 
Sulfated monoglycerides of coconut fatty acids, sodium salt,. 

Sulfated n-propyl oleate 

♦Oils, fats, and waxes, sulfated and sulfonated: 
♦Animal fats and oils, sulfonated: 

♦Lard oil, sulfonated 

♦Neat's-foot oil, sulfonated 

Sheep grease, sulfonated 

Sulf ostearine 

♦Tallow, sulfonated 



All other 

♦Fish and marine mammal oils, sulfonated 
♦Cod oil, sulfonated 

♦Herring oil, sulfonated 

♦Menhaden oil, sulfonated 

Seal oil, sulfonated 

Shark liver oil, sulfonated 

♦Sperm oil, sulfonated 

All other 

♦Vegetable oils, sulfonated: 

♦Castor oil, sulfonated 



♦Coconut oil, sulfonated 

♦Corn oil, sulfonated 

Cottonseed oil, sulfonated 
828108—49—10 



134. 
X. 

134, 228, 385, 399, X. 
43, 385, X. 

X. 

280. 
321. 
4. 

189. 

189. 

X. 

22. 

X. 

460. 

321,337. 

325,499. 

22. 

22. 

499. 

22. 

22. 

8. 

160. 

132. 

15,337,400. 

189. 

15,88,217,325,385. 

159. 

228,337. 

X. 

X. 

159,479. 



133,394,410,432,448,499. 

46, 94, 133, 228, 254, 257, 275, 
276, 337, 352, 394, 400, 405, 
410, 542, 543, 544. 

133,543. 

46. 

15. 22, 34, 43, 117, 136, 171, 206, 
217, 228, 237, 254, 275, 276, 
303, 337, 385, 394, 400, 408, 
434, 448, 449, 460, 479, 503, 
532, 543. 

394, 543. 

46, 117, 133, 257, 276, 302, 337, 
352, 394, 410, 542, 543, 544. 

302,337,410,543. 

133,302,352,410,543. 

302,337,410. 

405. 

22, 46, 133, 217, 254, 276, 302, 
337, 352, 385, 394, 400, 405, 
410, 542, 543, 544. 

133,257,543. 

10, 15, 18, 22, 34, 43, 46, 55, 75, 
89, 117, 133, 136, 189, 206, 217. 
228, 237, 254, 275, 276, 303, 
322, 325, 337, 352, 385, 390, 
394, 400, 405, 408, 410, 416, 
432, 443, 449, 459, 460, 479, 
499, 503, 532, 542, 543, 544, 
556. 

171,275,302,337,405,410,543. 

22 , 228 , 254 , 276 , 322 , 337 , 479 . 

276,337,405. 



136 



UNITED STATES TAKIFF COMMISSION 



Table 22B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Surface-active agents for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 


Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 


SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

♦Sulfated and sulfonated acyclic surface-active agents — Continued 
♦Oils, fats, and waxes, sulfated and sulfonated — Continued 
♦Vegetable oils, sulfonated — Continued 


276,543. 




228 , 275 , 276 , 337 , 400 , 408 . 




189. 




217, 254, 276, 322, 337, 385, 405, 




408, 443, 448, 460, 479. 
276. 




337,479. 




15, 133. 217, 254. 276, 302, 394, 




400, 410, 543. 
22,228,302,337,385. 


All other - 


15,22,171,443,503,532,556. 


♦Tail oil sulfonated 


133,385,532,543,544. 


All other - - 


460,532,543. 


♦Petroleum aliphatic compounds, sulfonated: 


230. 




23,146,432. 


All other - - - 


325,341. 







MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



Table 23B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 

[Miscellaneous chemicals for which separate statistics are given in table 23A are marked below with 
an asterisk (*); chemicals not so marked do not appear in table 23A because the reported data are 
confidential and may not be published. Manufacturers are identified by numbers in the alphabeti- 
cal list appearing in table 24. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publi- 
cation of his identification number with the designated productl 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to List 

in table 24) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 

l-Acetaminoethyl-2-aliphatic-3-acetylimidazolidine (Amidozaline) 

Aminohydroquinone diethyl ether 

Aminohydroquinone dimethyl ether 

Benzoic acid salts: 

Ammonium benzoate 

*Sodium benzoate, tech 

*Sodium benzoate, U. S. P 

a-Benzoin oxime 

Benzothiazole 

'Benzoyl peroxide 

'Biological stains 

4,4'-Bis ( phenylureido)-2,2'-stilbenedisulfonic acid 

p-tert-Butylcatechol 

Camphene 

'Chemical indicators: 

o-Cresolphthalein 

o-Cresolsulfonphthalein (Cresol red) 

m-Cresolsulfonphthalein (m-Cresol purple) 

Dibromo-o-cresolsulfonphthalein (Bromocresol purple) 

Dibromothymolsulfonphthalein (Bromothymol blue) 

Dichlorophenolsulfonphthalein (Chlorophenol red) 

Methyl red 

Phenolsulf onphthalein (Phenol red) 

Tetrabromo-m-cresolsulfonphthalein (Bromocresol green) 

Tetrabromophenolsulf onphthalein (Bromophenol blue) 

Thymolphthalein 

Thymolsulf onphthalein (Thymol blue) 

All other 



400. 



323. 

222. 

80,227,323,489. 

153,168,177. 

23,323. 

80,340,473. 

8,111,216. 

189. 

141. 

146,198. 

153. 

8,153,482. 

8,153,482. 

8,153,359,482. 

8,153,3.59,482. 

8,153,482. 

8,153,177. 

8,153,482. 

8,153,482. 

8,153,482. 

8,153,177. 

8,153,482. 

8,111,216,274. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



137 



Table 23B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Chemical reagents: 

Aurin tricarboxylic acid 

Barium diphenylamine sulfonate 

p-Diaminodiphenylamine zinc chloride double salt 

l-Diazo-2-naphthol-4-sulf onic acid 

2,6-Dibromoquinone chloroimide 

Diphenyl benzidine 

Diphenyl carbazone -.- 

Diphenylthiocarbazone (Dithizone) 

a,ot-Dipyridyl 

j3-Naphthoquinoline 

N-(1-Naphthyl)ethylenedianiine dihydrochloride 

p-Nitrobenzeneazoresorcinol 

Nitrosophenylhydroxylamine (Cupferron) 

Potassium biphthalate 

Quinhydrone 

Sodium biphthalate 

Sodium 2, 6-dichlorobenzeneoneindophenol 

SulfosalicyUc acid, reagent 

All other 

5-Chloro-2-mercaptobenzothiazole 

Cholesterol 

Cyclohexyl acetate 

Cyclohexyl butyrate 

Cyclohexyl phosphite 

Cyclopentane 

•Cyclopropane 

Decahydronaphthalene (Decalin) 

Diamylhydroquinone 

Diazodinitrophenol 

Dibenzyl disulfide 

Di-tert-butylhydroquinone 

2,3-Dichloro-l ,4-naphthoquinone 

1 ,4-Diethylene oxide (Dioxane) 

2,2'-Dihydroxy-5,5'-dichlorodiphenylmethane 

2,2'-Dihydroxy-3,5,6,3',5',6'-hexachlorodiphenylmethane 

Dimethylcyclopentenylduodecinoic acid 

Diphenylcarbazide 

Diphenyl carbonate 

Dithiophosphoric acid , complex ester, barium salt 

Ergosterol, crystaUine 

Ethyl benzenesulf onate 

Ethyl benzoylacetate 

Ethylene glycol monophenyl ether 

Ethylene glycol monosahcylate 

Ethylene glycol terpinyl ether 

Ethyl mercuric p-toluenesuK onamide 

N-EthyI-N-(2-methanesulfonamidomethyl)-^-methyl-p-phenylene- 
diamine-4-N-sulfate. 

Fenchone 

•Flotation reagents: 

Dicresyldithiophosphoric acid 

Dicresyldithiophosphoric acid, ammonium salt 

Dicresyldithiophosphoric acid, sodium salt 

•Diphenylthiourea (Thiocarbanihde) 

Di-o-toly Ithiourea 

Furan derivatives: 

Furfural 

Furf uryl acetate 

Furoic acid 

Hydrof uramide 

Tetrahydrofurf uryl alcohol 

Gallic acid, tech 

Gases (Poisonous, tear, etc.): Diphenylaminechlorarsine 

GasoUne antioxidants 

Gasoline inhibitors: 

N , N-DisaUcylidene-1 ,2-diaminopropane 

All other 

•Hexamethylenetetramine, tech 

Hydroquinone monoethyl ether 

Hydroquinone diethyl ether 

Hydroquinone dimethyl ether 

8-HydroxyquinoHne salts 



153,482. 

153. 

168. 

14. 

8,153. 

153. 

153,177. 

153,177. 

153,168. 

168,387. 

153. 

153,156. 

153,156. 

7,313. 

153,313. 

7. 

153. 

177,313. 

8,70. 

227. 

38. 

168. 

168. 

6. 

367. 

155,296,345,454. 

146. 

153. 

219. 

323. 

488. 

507. 

85. 

X. 

X. 

70. 

156. 

7. 

22. 

324,458. 

552. 

504. 

85. 

X. 

219. 

146. 

488. 

146,331. 

22. 

22. 

259. 

8,22,146,323. 

146, X. 

386. 

X. 

386. 

386. 

386. 

296,555. 

269. 

146. 

146. 

488. 

49,146,148,222,531. 

488. 

488. 

488. 

323. 



138 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 23B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

•Insecticides, synthetic: 

Azobenzene . 

Benzylthiocj'anate 

Chlordane 

Chlorocamphene 

Cyclohexyl caprate 

2-fcyclohexyl-4,6-dinitrophenol 

2-Cyclohexyl-4 ,6-dinitrophenol dicyclohexylamine salt 

3,4-Dichlorobenzyltriphenyl phosphonium chloride 

*4,4'-Dichlorodiphenyl-l,l,l-trichloroethane (DDT) 

4,4'-Dichloromethoxydiphenyl-l,l,l-trichloroethane (Methoxy 
DDT). 

4,6-Dinitro-o-cresol 

4,6-Dinitro-o-cresol, sodium salt 

*Hexachlorocyclohexane (Benzene hexachloride) 

Isobornyl thiocyanoacetate 

p-Nitroanisole 

*Phenothiazine 

Piperonylbutoxide 

Piperonylcy clohexanone 

Xanthone 

Isoborneol 

Lubricating oil additives: 

Alkylphenol, hydrogenated 

2,2'-Dihydroxy-o,.5'-di-tert-octylphenol monosulfide. barium 

salt. 
2,2'-Dihydroxy-3,3',5,5'-tetra-amyldiphenylnionosulfide, bariun 
salt. 

Disulfide, liquid 

Mono-octophenol 

Methj 1 benzenesulf onate 

Methylcyclohexane 

Methylcyclohexanol 

Met hylc'yclopentane 

2-Methyl-5-ethoxymethyl-4-aminopyrimidine 

4-Methyl-7-hydroxycoumarin 

4-Methyl-5-(^-hydroxyethyl) thiazole 

Methj'l terpinyl ether 

Morpholine 

♦Naphthenic acid salt?: 

Aluminum naphthenate 

*Calcium naphthenate 

*Cobalt naphthenate 



*Copper naphthenate- 



Iron naphthenate. 
*Lead naphthenate. 



Lead-manganese naphthenate. 

*Maneanese naphthenate 

Mercury naphthenate 

Nickel naphthenate 

*Zinc naphthenate 



*a-Naphthylthiourea (ANTU) 

Octylphenol 

2-Phenylcyclohexanol 

Phenyl mercuric derivatives: 

6-N-amyl-2-ethyl-l-hydroxy-3-methylthiomercuribenzoic acid. 

Mercurous chloropbenol 

Mercurous nitrophenol 

Phenyl mercuric acetate 

Phenyl mercuric tienzoic sulfimide 

Phenyl mercuric borate 

Phenyl mercuric cyanamide 

Phenyl mercuric hydroxide 

Phenyl mercuric nitrate 

Phenyl mercuric oleate 

Phenyl mercuric salicylate 

Phenylphosphoric acid, disodium salt 

Phenylsemicarbazide 

Photographic chemicals : 

2-Aminotriazole 



45. 

227. 

233. 

219. 

261. 

141. 

141. 

227. 

7, 23, 50, 104, 146, 219, 227, 268, 

279, 313, 316, 323, 324, 362, 

406, 537. 
83,146.433. 

141,146,177,370,457. 

457. 

7,50,116,146,227,362,537. 

219. 

177. 

8,141,146,330. 

X. 

X. 

7. 

146. 

227. 
22. 

22. 

227. 
X. 

552. 

367. 

227. 

367. 

313. 

87. 

313. 

219. 

85. 

215 557. 

175!215,'342,463,475,557. 

175, 215, 292, 342, 431, 463, 475, 

557 
175, 215, 292, 342. 431, 463,475, 

557. 
175,215,292,342,463,475. 
81, 82, 175, 215, 292. 342, 431, 

463,475,557. 
557 

175,' 215, 292, 342, 463, 475. 557. 
.342. 
215. 
81, 175, 215, 292, 342, 463, 475, 

557. 
7,50, i46, 370. 
X. 
141. 

70. 

146. 

146. 

59. 

59. 

59. 

22. 

59. 

59. 

146. 

59. 

3.59. 

278. 

168. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



139 



Table 23B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 194? — Continued 



Chemical 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Photographic chemicals — Continued 

p-Aminophenol hydrochloride 

Benzotriazole 

Catechol (Pyrocatechin) 

Chlorobenzotriazole 

2 ,4-Diaminophenol dihydrochloride (Amidol) 

N,N-Diethyl-p-phenylenediamine hydrochloride 

N,N-Diethyl-p-phenylenediamine sulfate 

*Hydroquinone (Hydroquinol) 

p-Hydroxyphenylglycine 

*p-Methylaminophenol sulfate (Metol) (Rhodol) 

2-Methylthiazoline 

Phthalic acid salts: 

Lead phthalate. dibasic 

Sodium phthalate 

Phthalide 

Plant hormones: 

Ammonium dinitro-sec-butylphenate 

*2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) 

*2,4-Dichlorophei:oxyacetic acid, sodium salt 

*2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, triethanolamine salt 

*2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid esters: 

Ethyl 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate 

Isopropyl 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate 

Methyl 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate 

2,4-Dinitro-6-sec-butylphenol 

Indole-3-acetic acid 

a-Indole-3-n-butyric acid 

Isopropylphenylcarbama te 

2-AIethyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid 

Methyl a-naphthylacetate 

Naphthaleneacetamide (N-Acetylnaphthylaminc) 

*Naphthaleneacetic acid 

QT-Naphthaleneacetic acid, sodium salt 

j3-Naphthoxyacetic acid 

Phenoxy-a-propionic acid 

2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (TCP) 

Propylcyclohexanol 

Protalbinic acid (Amino acid mixture) 

Pyridyl mercuric acetate 

Pyridyl mercuric chloride 

Pyridyl mercuric stearate 

Pyrogallol (Pyrogallic acid) 

Quinoidine, sulfurized 

Quinone 

Research chemicals: * 

Aryl magnesium halides 

Cyolopentanone 

Halogenated hydrocarbons 

Thiophene and derivatives 

All other 

*Rosin acid salts: 

Aluminum resinate 

Calcium resinate 

*Cobalt resinate 

Copper resinate ' ' 

Iron resinate 

*Lead resinate 

'Manganese resinate 

Sodium resinate 

Zinc resinate 

Salicylanilide (Shirlan) 

Salicylic acid, lead salt, normal 

Sodium toluene sulfonate 

Sodium xylene sulfonate 

Sulf ene 

Sulfosalicylic acid 

*Tanning materials, synthetic: 

Cresolsulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate, sodium salt 

1-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate 

1-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate, sodium 

salt. 
2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate, am- 
monium salt. 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



153. 

153,168. 

269. 

168. 

522. 

X. 

X. 

90,146,488,522,555. 

153 236 

146^153! 236, 522, 555. 

168. 

327. 
189. 
146. 

141. 

21 , 50 , 141 , 146 , 268, 323 , 433. 

21,50,146,268,323. 

101,507. 

21. 

141,146. 

21. 

141. 

21. 

21,313. 

21,50. 

21. 

141, 493, 538, X. 

21. 

7,21,22,433,493,538. 

7. 

493. 

493. 

21,141. 

227. 

96. 

296. 

296. 

296. 

296,555. 

146. 

555. 

35. 

35. 

115. 

35. 

35,64,70,115,153,156. 

315,475. 

81,215,315,475. 

81,215,292,431,473,475. 

315,431. 

315. 

81,215,292,315,473,475. 

81,215,292,315,475. 

215. 

215,315,475. 

146. 

327. 

552. 

552. 

227. 

313. 

332. 

279! 332, 406. 

279,323,332,406. 

22. 



140 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 23B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



M anufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

*Tanning materials, synthetic — Continued 

2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate, sodium 
salt. 

2-Naphtholsulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate 

Phenolsulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate 

Phenolthiosulf onic acid 

Sulfonyldiphenolsulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate. 

Styrene maleic anhydride interpolymer, partial sodium salt 

Tetrahydronaphthalene (Tetralin) 

Tetraphenyl tin 

Textile chemicals, other than surface-active agents: 

Polyamylnaphthalene disodium sulfonate 

All other 

Thiophenol 

o-Tolylbiguanide 

Tri-tert-amylphenyl phosphite - 

Trifluorotoluene (Benzotrifluoride) 

homo-Veratroyl-homoveratrylamine 

o-Xenylbiguanide 

MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 

•Acetaldehyde 

Acetaldehyde ammonia 

Acetaldol (Aldol) .-. 

Acetamide ^ 

Acetamidine hydrochloride (Ethanamidine hydrochloride) 

* Acetic acid, synthetic (100%) 

•Acetic acid salts: 

♦Aluminum acetate 

Aluminum subacetate 

Ammonium acetate 

Barium acetate 

Cadmium acetate 

Calcium acetate 

Chromium acetate 

'Cobalt acetate 

Copper acetate 

*Lead acetate 

Lead subacetate 

Magnesium acetate 

Manganese acetate 

•Mercuric acetate 

Nickel acetate 

'Potassium acetate 

Sodium acetate 

Strontium acetate 

Zinc acetate 

•Acetic anhydride (100%): 

From acetylene 

From ethylene 

From ketene 

From recovered acetic acid by the vapor-phase process 

From acetic acid (other than recovered) by the vapor-phase 
process. 
Acetin: 

Mono 

Di 

Tri - - 

Acetoin (Methyl acetylcarbinol) 

•Acetone: 

•By fermentation 

♦From isopropyl alcohol 

Other 

Acetonitrile 

Acetonylacetone 

Acetylacetone (2,4-Pentanedione) 

Acetyl bromide 

a-Acetylbuty rolactone 

Acetyl chloride 

Acetylpropyl chloride 

Acetyltrimethylammonium bromide 

Aconitic acid 

Acrylate esters, mixed monomers 



8,22,133. 

133. 
104. 
189. 
189. 
146. 
146. 
227,323. 

70. 

146. 

153. 

323. 

323. 

227. 

323. 

323. 



93, 105, 116, 146, 382, 488, 509, 

X. 
509. 

382,509. 
509. 
313. 
93, 116, 146, 382, 488, 509, X. 

7,22,146,313,509. 

313. 

7,22,50. 

7,50. 

7,50,215. 

7,50. 

22.215,449. 

7,50,215,292,431. 

7,50,313,509. 

7,50,146,433.475. 

313. 

7,50. 

50,215,292. 

7,50,70. 

50,215,292. 

7,50,313,509. 

7,50,146,296.313,433,509. 

50. 

7,50,215,292,313,509. 

146. 

85. 

85. 

93,219,488. 

219. 



189,261. 
261. 

261,488. 
168. 

116,382,504. 

85,162,427,438. 

93. 

509. 

85. 

85. 

153. 

504. 

184,227. 

504. 

50. 

189. 

398. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



141 



Table 23B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Acrylonitrile 

Adipic acid 

Adiponitrile 

^-Alanine, tech 

Aliphatic amine polyglycol ether 

Allyl alcohol 

a-Allyl-/3-suecinylurea 

Allylurea 

Aluminum isopropylate . 

'Amines : 

Amylamines: 

M ono 

Di 

Tri 

Butylamines: 

Mono 

Di 

Tri - 

Coconut oil amine . 

Decylamine 

l-Diethylamino-4-aminopentane (Novoldiamine) 

Diethylenetriamine 

Dioctylamine 

Dodecylamine 

Ethylamines : 

M ono 

Di 

Tri 

Ethylenediamine, tech 

2-Heptylamine (2-Aminoheptane) 

Hexadecylamine 

Hexamethylenediamine 

Isopropylamine 

Lorol dimethyl amine 

Methyla mines: 

•Mono 

Di 

*Tri 

Octadecylamine 

Octylamine 

Polyethyleneamines 

Propylenediamine 

Soybean oil amine 

Tallow amine 

Tallow amine, hydrogenated 

Tetradecylamine 

Aminoacetic acid, tech. (Glycine) 

2-Amino-l-butanol 

2-Amino-2-ethyl-l ,3-propanediol 

Aminoguanidine sulfate 

2-Amino-2-methyl-l-propanol 

2-Amino-2-methyl-l , 3-propanediol 

*Amvl acetates: 

Normal (90%) 

Active (90%) 

Isoamyl (90%) 

Mixed isomers 

*Amyl alcohols (100%): 

•Crude fusel oil 

•Refined fusel oil 

Primary: 

Normal (n-Butylcarbinol) 

Active (2-Methylbutanol-l) 

•Isoamyl (3-Methylbutanol-l) 

Secondary : 

Pentanol-2 (Methylpropylcarbinol) 

Pentanol-3 (Dieth vlcarbinol) 

Tertiary : Amyl (2-Methylbutanol-2) 

Amyl ether 

Amyl mercaptan 

Azelaic acid 

Boron trifluoride ethyl ether complex 

N-Bromosuccinimide 

Butadiene (from alcohol): Grade for rubber (elastomers) 



22, 365, X. 

146. 

146. 

1,70,313. 

45. 

85,427. 

272. 

272. 

70,153,350. 



85,424. 

424. 

424. 



424. 

424. 

424. 

38. 

38. 

547. 

62. 

85. 

38. 

424. 

424. 

424. 

62. 

323,387. 

38. 

146. 

116,424. 

473,547. 

116,146,279,406. 

116,146,279,406. 

116,146,279,406. 

38. 

38. 

62.85. 

85. 

38. 

38. 

38. 

38. 

58. 

116. 

116. 

189. 

116. 

116. 

116,146,382. 
146. 

116,185,339,504. 
4^4. 

116,318. 
116,146,382,424,504. 

424. 

146,424. 

116,185,424,504. 

162,424. 

424. 

424,547. 

424. 

424. 

159. 

7,215. 

35. 

86. 



142 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 23B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

*Butyl acetates (90%): 

Normal 

Iso 

Secondary 

♦Butyl alcohols (100%): 
Primary : 

*Normal (n-Propylcarbinol) 

Iso (Isopropylcarbinol) 

Secondary (Methylethylcarbinol) 

Tertiary (Trimethylcarbinol) 

Butyl chloroacetate 

n-Butyl ethyl malonic ester 

sec-Butyl ethyl malonic ester 

Butyl lactate 

Butyl vinyl ether 

n-Butyraldehyde 

n-Butyraldoxime 

n-Butyric acid 

Butyric anhydride 

Butyry 1 chloride 

Calcium arabonate 

Calcium ethyl acetoacetate 

Capric acid (n-Decylic acid) 

*n-Caproic acid 

Caprolactam 

Capryl alcohol 

Capryl chloride (Decanoyl chloride) 

Caprylic acid 

Caprylic acid salts 

'Carbon disulfide 

'Cellulose esters and ethers; 

'Cellulose acetate 

Cellulose acetate butyrate 

Cellulose acetate propionate 

'Cellulose nitrate 

Cellulose propionate 

Ethyl cellulose 

Methyl cellulose 

'Sodium carboxymethylcellulose 

Chemical reagents: Girard's reagent PI 

•Chloral (Trichloroacetaldehyde) 

Chloroacetaldehyde dimethyl acetal 

Chloroacetamide 

Chloroacetic acid: 

Mono 

Di 

Tri 

Chloroacetone 

Chloroacetyl chloride 

2-Chloro-l-diacetylaminopropane 

3-Chloro-5-hydroxy-2-pentanone 

Chloromaleic anhydride, mono 

Chloronaphtha xanthate 

Choline chloride (non medicinal) 

Citric acid by fermentation: 

Crude 

Refined -^ 

Citric acid salts: 

Ammonium citrate 

Ammonium citrate dibasic 

Calcium citrate 

Iron citrate 

Iron ammonium citrate 

Magnesium citrate 

Potassium citrate 

Sodium citrate 

Coconut oil amide 

Crotonaldehyde 

Crotonyl chloride 

Cyanoacetamide 

Cyanoacetic acid 

a-Cyano-a-ethyl-j3-methylhydrosorbic acid, ethyl ester 

2-Cyano-3-methyl-2-hexenoic acid, ethyl ester 

Diacetone alcohol 



85,116,146,382,504. 

116,146. 

162. 



85,116,269,382,488,504. 

85,93,146. 

162,427. 

427. 

323. 

X. 

X. 

116. 

189. 

85. 

8. 

85,339,488. 

85,488. 

85 , 227 . 

313. 

X. 

157,550. 

85,141,305,339. 

146. 

398. 

227. 

157. 

479. 

50,141,348,471,537,541. 

29,93,146,219,488. 



146,153,219. 

93. 

14i,219. 

141. 

141,146,219,552. 

272. 

7,23,146,313,323,537. 

189. 

141. 

141,227. 

141. 

141. 

153. 

141. 

286. 

313. 

8. 

323. 

313. 

365. 
365. 

296,313,365. 

313. 

365. 

296,365. 

296,365. 

313. 

313,365. 

313,365. 

38. 

509, X. 

227. 

256. 

58,256. 

X. 

X. 

85,116,323,427. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



143 



Table 23B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Diacetone keto gulonic acid 

Diacetone sorbose 

Di-tert-alkyl disulfide 

Diamyl sulfide 

Di-tert-butyl disulfide 

Dibutyl ether (n-Butyl ether) 

Dibutyl oxalate 

Dichlorodiethyl ether 

Dichloroethyl formal 

1 ,3-Dichloro-2-hydroxypropane (Glycerol dichlorohydrin) 

Dichloroisopropyl ether 

Dicyandiamide 

Diethylaminoethanol 

l-Diethylamino-4-pentanol (Novel alcohol) 

l-Diethylamino-4-pentanone (Novol ketone) 

Diethyl carbonate 

Diethylene glycol 

Diethylene glycol chloroformate 

Diethylene glycol diethyl ether 

Diethylene glycol monobutyl ether 

Diethylene glycol monobutyl ether acetate 

Diethylene glycol monoethyl ether (Carbitol) 

Diethylene glycol monoethyl ether acetate 

Diethylene glycol monomethyl ether 

Diethyl maleate 

*Diethyl malonate (Malonic ester) 

Diethyl malonic ester (Diethyl diethyhnalonate) 

Diethyl silicon dichloride 

Diethyl sulfate ^. 

Di-isobutyl adipate 

Di-isobutyl ketone 

Di-isopropyl ketone 

l-Dimethylamino-2-chloropropane 

Dimethyl ether 

Dimethyl f ormamide 

Dimethyl glyoxamine 

Dimethyl glyoxime 

Dimethylolurea 

Dimethyl silicon dichloride 

Dimethyl sulfate 

Dimethylurea 

Di-octyl f umarate 

Dioleyl malate 

Dioleyl maleate 

Dioleyl tartrate 

Dipropylene glycol 

Dithiophosphoric acid esters, not included with flotation reagents 

Barium dilauryl dithiophosphate 

Barium di(lauryl, mixed C8-C12 alcohols) dithiophosphate 

Zinc dihexyldithiophosphate 

Drying oU, synthetic 

Epichlorohydrin 

Erucic acid 

Ethanolamine : 

Mono 

Di 

Tri 

Ethanolamine sulfite, mono 

•Ethyl acetate (85%) 

Ethyl acetoacetate 

Ethyl acrylate. _ 

Ethyl alcohol, synthetic 

Ethyl bromoacetate 

2-Ethylbutyl acetate 

2-Ethylbutyl alcohol (sec-Hexyl alcohol) 

2-Ethylbutyraldehyde 

2-Ethylbutyric acid (Diethylacetic acid) 

2-Ethylcaproic acid, metal salts 

Ethyl chloroacetate 

Ethyl chloroformate (Ethyl chlorocarbonate) 

Ethyl cyanoacetate 

Ethyldiethanolamine 

Ethylene, from coke-oven gas 

Ethylene, from ethyl alcohol 

Ethylene chlorohydrin 



313. 
313. 
367. 

424. 

367. 

85,116. 

116,504. 

85,141. 

85. 

427. 

85,141. 

22. 

70^85, 424. 

547. 

70,504. 

504. 

85,141. 

371. 

85. 

85. 

85. 

85. 

85. 

85. 

116. 

1,58,70,141,168,188,286. 

1,286. 

143. 

85. 

146. 

85. 

146. 

1. 

146. 

146. 

156. 

153,156. 

146,188. 

143. 

146. 

58. 

22. 

323. 

116. 

323. 

85,141. 

22. 

22. 

22. 

146. 

70,427. 

70.547. 

85,141. 

85,141. 

85,141. 

296. 

85, 116, 146, 180, 323, 382, 425, 

488, 504. 
85,504. 
406. 

85,146,219,466. 
153.. 
85. 

85,488. 
85. 
85. 
475. 
323. 
504. 

58,141,256. 
424. 
146. 

165,287,345.504. 
70,85,141. 



144 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 23B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for lohich United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — -Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to 1 ist 

in table 24) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Ethylene cyanhydrin 

•Ethylene glycol 

Ethylene glycol diacetate 

Ethylene glycol diethyl ether 

Ethylene glycol diformate 

Ethylene glycol glucoside 

Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether 

Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether (Cellosolve) 

Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether acetate 

Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether 

Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate 

Ethylene oxide 

Ethylethanolamine, mono _ 

Ethylethanolamine, mono and di 

♦Ethyl ether : 

Tech 

U. S. P - ---. 

Absolute 

Ethyl formate 

2-Ethyl-l-hexanal 

2-Ethyl-l ,3-hexanediol - 

2-Ethyl-l-hexanol 

2-Ethyl-l-hexoic acid 

2-Ethyl-l-hexyl acetate 

Ethylidene diacetate 

Ethyl lactate 

•Ethyl malonic ester (Ethyl ethylmalonate) 

•Ethyl mercaptan 

Ethylmethoxyamine 

Ethyl-1-methylbutylmalonic ester 

Ethyl monobromoacetate 

Ethyl monochloroacetate 

Ethyl oxalate (Diethyl oxalate) 

Ethyl oxybutyrate 

Ethylphosphoric acid 

Ethyl propionate 

Ethyl silicate . 

Ethyl silicon trichloride 

Ethyl sodium potassium phosphate 

Ethyl vinyl ether 

*Fats and oils, chemically modified: 

Castor oil, acetylated 

Castor oil, dehydrated 

Castor oil, hydrogenated 

Castor oil triethylenetetramine 

Coconut oil, crude, hydrogenated 

Glyceryl tall oil ester 

Linseed oil, accelerated 

Fatty acids, chemically modified: 

Castor oil fatty acids, dehydrated 

Linseed oil fatty acids, conjugated 

Soybean oil fatty acids, conjugated 

*Fatty acid esters, not included with plasticizers: 

Butyl acetylricinoleate, polymerized 

Butyl palmitate 

Cetyl stearate 

C oconut oil fatty acid ester of N-(2-hydroxy ethyl) chloroaceta 
mide. 

Diethylene glycol mono-soybean fatty acid ester 

Ethylene glycol mono-oleate 

Ethylene glycol monostearate 

Glycerol blend tall oil ester 

Glycerol sorbitol tall oil ester 

Isopropyl laurate , 

Isopropyl myristate 

Isopropyl palmitate 

Isopropyl stearate 

Methyl tallow 

Pentaerythritol tall oil ester 

Pol ethylene glycol stearate (wax) 

Pro .yl myristate 

Stp yl stearate 



22. 

85!l41,146,156. 

85. 

85. 

85. 

45. 

85. 

85. 

85. 

85. 

85. 

85.141. 

424. 

424. 

85,219,466. 

296,454. 

504. 

116, 146, 185, 296, 339, 504, X. 

85,488. 

85. 

85. 

85. 

85. 

146. 

22. 

188,286, X. 

296,440,463,502. 

488. 

1. 

141. 

141, 183, 222, X. 

116,504. 

22. 

323. 

146, 185, X. 

85,143. 

143. 

323. 

189. 

51. 

550. 

146,227'. 

189. 

146. 

337,475,550. 

51. 

51,371,550. 

431,550. 

431,550. 

51. 

261,337. 
261. 
141. 

261. 
323. 

261. 

550. 

550. 

X. 

160,261. 

261. 

261. 

337. 

550. 

55. 

261. 

261. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



145 



Table 23 B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Fatty alcohols: 

Boiling range 133° to 275° 

n-Decyl alcohol., 

Heptadecanol 

Hexadecanol 

Lauryl alcohol (1-Dodecanol) 

Mixture of Ci4, Cis. Cig 

Octadecanol - 

Oleyl alcohol (9-Octadecan-l-ol) 

Tetradecanol 

2-Undecanol 

Ferric dimethyl dithiocarbamate 

♦Flotation reagents: 
Dithiophosphates : 

Ammonium di-sec-butyl isopropyl dithiophosphate 

Sodium di-sec-butyl dithiophosphate 

Sodium diethyl dithiophosphate 

Sodium diethyl di-sec-butyl dithiophosphate 

Sodium di-isopropyl dithiophosphate 

Fatty amine esters: 

Decy lamine acetate 

Dodecylamine acetate 

Hexadecylamine acetate 

Soybean amine acetate 

Tallow amine acetate 

Quaternary ammonium compounds: 

Coconut oil trimethylammonium chloride 

All other 

anthates: 

Potassium amyl xanthate 

Potassium sec-butyl xanthate 

Potassium ethyl xanthate 

Potassium isopropyl xanthate 

Potassium pentasol xanthate 

Sodium n-butyl xanthate 

Sodium sec-butyl xanthate 

Sodium ethyl xanthate 

Sodium isopropyl xanthate 

Fluoroacetic acid, sodium salt 

♦Formaldehyde (37% HCHO by weight) 

Formamide 

Formic acid (90%) 

♦Formic acid salts: 

Aluminum formate 

Ammonium formate 

Chromic formate 

Nickel formate 

Potassium formate 

Sodium formate, refined 

Sodium formate, tech 

*Fumaric acid 

Fungicides and disinfectants: 
*Dithiocarbamates.: 

Dimethyl dithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

Dimethyl dithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Ethylene bis dithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Mercury derivatives: 

Ethyl mercuric chloride 

Ethyl mercuric phosphate 

*Gases (poisonous, tear, etc.) : 

Carbonyl chloride (Phosgene) 

Chloropicrin 

Cyanogen chloride 

Gluconic acid, tech 

Gluconic acid, sodium salt 

Glucose polyglycol ether 

Glycerol chlorohydrin, mono 

Glycerol, synthetic 

Glycolic acid (Hydroxyacetic acid) 

Glycolonitrile 

Glycol polyf ormal 

Glyoxal 

Guanidine hydrochloride 

Guanyl-nitrosamine-guanyl-tetrazene 



146. 

146. 

85. 

146,213. 

146. 

146. 

146. 

146. 

85. 

85. 

146. 



X. 
X. 
X. 
22. 
X. 

38. 
38. 
38. 
38. 
38. 

38. 
479. 

141,323. 

141. 

141,323. 

141. 

141. 

259. 

X. 

22,141. 

X. 

323. 

49, 67, 93, 105, 116, 146, 148, 222, 

256, 406, 494. 
146. 
146,222,296,523. 

146,177,523. 

50. 

189. 

50,215,292. 

547. 

7,50,313. 

146,222,296,523. 

8,22,365. 



146, 202, 323, 406, 507, X. 
146. 

146. 
146. 

227,334. 

146,240. 

22. 

365. 

365. 

45. 

314. 

146. 

146,156. 

22. 

146. 

70,189. 

332. 

X. 



146 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 23B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

*Halogenated hydrocarbons: 

Allyl bromide - 

Allyl chloride 

Allyl iodide 

n-Amyl bromide 

n-Amyl chloride 

2-Bromopentane 

Butyl bromides: 

Normal 

Iso 

Secondary 

Tertiary 

Butyl chloride: 

Normal 

Secondary 

Tertiary 

n-Butyl iodide 

*Carbon tetrachloride 

Cetyl bromide 

Cetyl chloride 

Cetyl iodide 

•Chlorinated paraffin 

Chlorinated propane, liquid 

Chlorinated propane, wax 

Chlorodifluoromethane, mono 

'Chloroform: 

Tech 

U. S. P 

l-Chloro-octadecane 

Chloropropene 

1,3-Dibromopropane (Trimethylene bromide) 

Dichlorodifluoromethane 

Dichloromonofluoromethane : 

Dichloropentanes, mixed 

1 ,2-Dichloropropane (Propylene dichloride) 

1 ,3-Dichloropropane 

1,3-Dichloropropene and other C3 chlorinated hydrocarbons 

Dichlorotetrafluoroethane 

*Ethyl bromide 

♦Ethyl chloride: 

Tech 

U. S. P 

Ethylene dibromide (1 ,2-Dibromoethane) 

'Ethylene dichloride (1,2-Dichloroethane) 

Ethyl iodide, tech 

Hexachlorobutadiene 

*Hexachloroethane 

Hexachloropropylene 

Isoamyl chloride 

Isopropyl bromide 

Isopropyl chloride 

Kerosene, chlorinated 

•Methyl bromide 

1-Methylbutyl bromide 

*Methyl chloride (Chloromethane) : 

Crude 

Refined (refrigerant grade) 

Methylene bromide (Dibromomethane) 

•Methylene chloride (Dichloromethane) : 

Crude 

Refined (refrigerant grade) 

Methyl iodide 

sec-Octyl bromide 

•Pentachloroethane 

n-Propyl bromide 

Tetrabromoethane (Acetylene tetraoromide) 

*sym.-Tetrachloroethane (Acetylene tetracfiloride) 

•Tetrachloroethylene (Perchloroethylene) 

1,2,3-Tribromopropane 

*l,l,l-Trichloroethane (Methyl chloroform) 

* 1 , 1 ,2-Trichloroethane (Vinyl trichloride) 

*Trichloroethylene 

Trichloromonofluoromethane 

Trichlorotrifluoroethane 

Trimethylene bromide 



115,141,316. 

427. 

115. 

115,141,153. 

115,424. 

115,286. 

115, 141, 153, 156, 316, X. 

115,141,153. 

115, 153, X. 

115,153. 



,X. 

i 141, 471, 537. 

,141. 

,314. 



115. 

115. 

153, 

115. 

137, 

115, 

115, 

115. 

137, 162, 219, 227-, 292, 473. 

227. 

227. 

265. 

57,74,141,146. 

74,141,146. 

189. 

141. 

115. 

265. 

265. 

424. 

85,141. 

427. 

115,427. 

265. 

1,70,115,141,188,316. 

141,164,219. 

141. 

141,163,165,537. 

85,141,164,406. 

115,296. 

227. 

141. 

115,227. 

286. 

70,115,141. 

70,141,227. 

16. 

141,163,316,537. 

1. 

57. 

32,57,141,146,163,524. 

141. 

57,141. 

57,141,146,163. 

115,156. 

115. 

146. 

115,141,153. 

141. 

141,146,537. 

141,146,226-. 

115. 

141. 

85,141. 

141,146,226,537.- 

265. 

265. 

115,141. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



147 



Table 23B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — -Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

'Halogenated hydrocarbons — Continued 

Trimethylene chlorobromide (l-Bromo-3-chloropropane) 

*Vinyl chloride, monomer 

*Vinylidene chloride, monomer 

All other 

Heptane * 

Hexamethylenediammonium adipate 

Hexitol polyglycol ether 

Hexitol polypropylene glycol ether 

n-Hexyl alcohol 

n-Hexyl ether 

l-a-Hydroxy-j3, /S-dimethyl-y-butyrolactone 

2-Hy droxyethanesulf onic acid 

a-2-(Hydroxyethyl)acetoacetic acid-7-lactone 

Hydroxyisobutyronitrile (Acetone cyanhydrin) 

'Insecticides: 

Aliphatic thiocyanates 

Dichlorodifluoroethane propylene oxide 

Hexaethyl tetraphosphate 

Lorol rhodanate 

Tetraethyl phosphates 

Isoamylethylmalonic ester 

Isobutyl propionate 

Isobutyl vinyl ether 

Isobutyraldehyde 

Isobutyric acid 

Isoprene 

Isopropanolamine 

*Isopropyl acetate 

•Isopropyl alcohol (Isopropanol) (88%, 91%, 95%, 99%) 

Isopropyl ether 

Isopropylethyl malonic ester 

Isovaleric acid 

Itaconic acid 

•Lactic acid; 

Edible (100%) 

Medicinal (100%) 

♦Technical (100%) 

Lactic acid salts: 

Calcium lactate 

Copper lactate 

Ferrous lactate 

*Sodium lactate 

Strontium lactate 

Lactonitrile 

Lauroyl chloride 

Lauroyl peroxide 

Lead soaps from oxidized hydrocarbons 

Levulinic acid 

•Linoleic acid salts: 

Aluminum linoleate 

Ammonium linoleate 

Calcium linoleate 

*Cobalt linoleate 

Iron linoleate 

*Lead linoleate 

Lead manganese linoleate 

♦Manganese linoleate 

Sodium linoleate 

Zinc hnoleate 

Lorol chloride 

Lubricating oil additives: 

Oxidized hydrocarbons 

Sulfurized thialkene wax olefines 

All other 

Maleic acid 

Maleic acid, lead salt, tribasic 

Maleic anhydride 

Malic acid 

Malonic acid 

Ma nnitol 

Mannitol hexanitrate 

Mercaptans, alkyl mixed 

Mesityl oxide 

Metaldehyde 



141. 

85, 141, 200, X. 

141,200. 

115,196. 

85. 

146. 

45. 

45. 

85. 

85. 

313. 

189. 

313. 

146. 

406. 

524. 

83,163,323,523,537. 

146. 

163. 

286. 

146. 

189. 

146. 

146, X. 

331. 

85,141. 

85,146,162,488. 

85,93,116,162,427,460. 

85,162,427,466. 

X. 

60, X. 

365. 

108, 146, 426, X. 

146. 

108, 146, 426, X. 

70, 426, X. 

426. 

296. 

108,296,313,426,473,47. 

296,313. 

22. 

160. 

340. 

11. 

455. 

215. 

55,431. 

292,431,475. 

215,292,431,473,475. 

215. 

215,292,431,473,475. 

473. 

215,292,431,473,475. 

473. 

215. 

70,146,227. 

11. 

120. 

465. 

8,269. 

327. 

8,22,323. 

8,286. 

70,141. 

45. 

45. 

153,440. 

85,427. 

116,509. 



148 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 23B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Methacrylates. above methyl 

a-Methacry lie acid 

♦Methanol, synthetic 

Methoxymethoxymethanol 

l-Methoxy-2 ,4-pentadione 

Methoxy triglycol acetate 

Methyl acetate -- 

Methyl acetone acetal 

Methyl acrylate, monomer 

Methyl amyl ketone 

Methyl chlorof ormate 

Methyl cyanoacetate 

Methyldiethanolamine 

Methyl enebis stearamide 

N ,N '-Methylenedialanine 

N,N'-Methylenediglycine 

Methyl ethyl ketone (Methyl acetone) 

Methyl formate 

Methyl glyeolate (Methyl hydroxyacetate) 

1-Methy hsobutylcarbinol (4-M ethyl-2-pentanol) 

1-Methylisobutylcarbinyl acetate (4-Methyl-2-amyl acetate) 

Methyl isobutyl ketone 

M ethyl lactate 

!M ethyl mercaptan 

Methyl methacrylate 

Methyl methoxyacetate 

Methyl monochloroacetate 

Methylol acrylamide 

Methylolurea, mono and di 

Methyl oxylate 

2-Methyl-2 ,4-pentanediol - 

Methyl propyl carbinyl malonic ester 

Methyl propyl ketone 

Methyl succinate 

N-M ethyltaurine 

Methyl vinyl ether . 

Monoethylethylmalonic acid 

Monomethyl sihcon trichloride 

Nitrohydroxy compounds: 

2-Nitro-l-butanol 

2-Nitro-ethyl-l,3-propanediol 

2-Nitro-2-methyl-l ,3-propanediol 

2-Nitro-2-methyl-l-propanol 

Tris(hydroxymethyl)nitromethane 

NitroparafiRns; 

Nitroethane 

Nitromethane . 

1-Nitropropane 

2-Nitro propane 

Nonenoic acid 

Ootadecane amide 

Octadecaneni trile 

Octadecene amide 

Octadecy 1 isocyanate 

Octadecyl silicon trichloride 

Octadecyl vinyl ether 

1-Octanol (Capryl alcohol) 

Octyl oleyl malate 

*01eic acid salts: 

Aluminum oleate 

Ammonium oleate 

Barium zinc oleate 

*Copper oleate 

Lead oleate 

Oleoyl chloride 

*Oxalic acid 

Oxalic acid salts: 

Ammonium oxalate 

Ferric ammonium oxalate 

Ferrous oxalate 

Iron potassium oxalate 

Potassium binoxalate 

Potassium oxalate 

Sodium oxalate 

Oxidized hydrocarbons other than lubricating oil additives 



146. 

146. 

85,93,105,116,146,386. 

146. 

313. 

85. • 

85,146. 

105. 

406. 

85. 

504. 

256. 

85. 

38. 

366. 

366. 

85,162,427,488. 

146. 

146. 

85,427. 

85,146. 

85,427. 

108. 

502. 

146,363,406. 

313. 

14i;i60,313. 

22. 

479. 

156. 

85,116,427. 

286. 

162. 

185. 

189. 

189. 

1. 

143. 

116. 
116. 
116. 
116. 
116. 

116. 

116. 

116. 

116. 

X. 

38. 

38. 

38. 

189. 

143. 

189. 

146,213. 

323. 

215,431.475. 

55,215. 

215. 

175,215,292,431. 

215,431. 

87,189,479. 

7,347,365,523. 

7,50,296,365. 

365. 

296,313,365. 

365. 

50,313. 

7,50,365. 

7,50,296,313,523. 

11. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



149 



Table 23B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Palmitic acid salts: 

Aluminum palmitate 

Zinc palmitate 

Palmitoyl chloride 

Paracetaldehyde 

Paraformaldehyde - — 

Pelargonic acid (Nonanoic acid) 

Pelargonyl chloride 

*Pentaery thritol 

*Pentaery thritol tetranitrate 

Phosphorus derivatives of high molecular weight hydrocarbons,. 

Pine oil, synthetic 

Polyethylene glycol 

Polyethylene glycol hexitol polyglycol ether 

Polyglycerol 

Polyglycol diacetates 

Polypropylene glycol 

Propionaldehyde 

Propionic acid 

Propionic acid salts: 

Calcium propionate 

Sodium propionate 

Propionic anhydride 

Propionyl chloride 

n-Propyl acetate 

n-Propyl alcohol (Propanol) 

Propylene 

Propylene chlorohydrin 

Propylene glycol 

Propylene glycol dipropionate 

Propylene glycol glucoside 

Propylene oxide 

Propyl mercaptan 

Pyruvic acid 

Research chemicals: 

Alkane hydrocarbons 

Alkene hydrocarbons 

Alkyl alcohols 

Alkyl chlorohydrins 

Alkyl magnesium halides 

Alkyl mercaptans 

Halogenated nitriles 

Higher alcohols 

Trifluoroacetic acid derivatives 

All other 

Saccharic acid, calcium salt 

Sarcosine (N-Methylaminoacetic acid) 

Sebacic acid 

Semicarbamide hydrochloride 

Silicones : 

Fluids 

Greases 

Sodium ethoxide 

Sodium ethyl oxalacetate 

Sodium formaldehyde sulfoxylate 

Sodium methylate 

Sodium sorbitol borate 

Sorbitol . 

Soybean fatty acid chloride 

•Stearic acid salts: 

•Aluminum monostearate 

•Aluminum distearate 

•Aluminum tristearate 

Ammonium stearate 

•Barium stearate 

•Calcium stearate 

Ferrous stearate 

'Lead stearate 

Lithium stearate 

•Magnesium stearate 



337. 
337,539. 

189. 

488,509. 

146,222. 

159. 

227. 

219^222, 496. 

146,219,496. 

X. 

219. 

85. 

45. 

160,323. 

261. 

85. 

146. 

146,156,488. 

146. 

146. 

85,93,488. 

227. 

116,146, 

93,146. 

146. 

85,141. 

85,141,146. 

261. 

45. 

85,141. 

440. 

23,153,156. 

118, 

118, 

115. 

115. 

35. 

118, 

115, 

118. 

115. 

35,70,118,156,465. 

365, 

70,189. 

213. 

168. 

143, 

143. 

504. 

504. 

408. 

307, X. 

45. 

45. 

479. 

84, 260, 296, 337, 373, 479, 484, 

539, 548. 
22, 84, 260, 296, 337, 373, 479, 

484, 548. 
22, 84, 260, 296, 337, 373, 479, 

539, 548. 
337,539. 

296,373,479,539,548. 
22, 84, 296, 337, 373, 479, 484, 

539, 548. 
479,484. 

215,327,337,479,539,548. 
548. 
22, 84, 296, 337, 373, 479, 484, 

539, 548. 



150 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 23B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1947 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 24) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

♦Stearic acid salts — Continued 

Manganese stearate 

Potassium stearate 

Sodium stearate 

*Zinc stearate 

Stearoyl chloride 

Succinaldehyde bis (diethylacetal) 

Succinibromimide 

Succinic acid 

Succinic acid, hydrogenated 

'Succinic anhydride 

Succinichlorimide 

Succinimide 

Succinonitrile 

Sucrose octa-acetate 

Sulfonated thiocarbanilide acetaldehyde ammonia compound — 
Tall oil salts: 

Cobalt tallate 

Iron tallate 

Lead tallate 

Lead-manganese tallate 

Manganese tallate 

All other 

Tartaric acid salts: 

Ammonium tartrate 

Sodium tartrate 

Tetra-acetylribonic acid 

Tetra-acetyb-ibonyl chloride 

Tetra-acetylribose 

Tetramethylene glycol 

Tetraethylene glycol dimethyl ether 

Tetraethyl lead 

Textile chemicals other than surface-active agents : 

Ammonium abietate 

Ethylaminoethylethanol-(fatty) -amide 

Methylaminoethylethanol-(f atty) -amide 

Sorbitol polyglycol ether polymethylene glycol 

All other 

Thioacetamide 

Thioacetic acid (Sulf oacetic acid) 

Thiof ormamide 

Thioglycerol 

*Thioglycolic acid (Mercaptoacetic acid) 

*ThioglycoUc acid, ammonium salt 

Thiourea 

Tributyl phosphite 

Triethylene glycol 

Triethyl orthoacetate 

Triethyl orthof ormate (Ethyl orthof ormate) 

Triethyl orthopropionate 

Trigly col dichloride 

Tri-isobutylene 

Trimethylene chlorohydrin.. 

Trimethyl siUcon monochloride 

Tripropylene glycol 

Tris (hydroxy methyl) aminomethane 

*Undecylenic acid 

Urea (solid) 

Urea in feed compound 

Urea in solid fertilizer 

Urea in urea-ammonia solution 

7-Valerolaetone 

Vinyl acetate, monomer 

Zinc formaldehyde sulf oxylate 

Zinc ribonate 



479. 

55,296. 

55,215,296,313,337. 

22, 55, 84, 260, 296, 313, 337, 373, 

479, 484, 539, 548. 
87,189. 
313. 



227. 

8,20,278,323,359. 

8. 

8,153. 

22. 

509. 

323. 

95,175.292. 

95. 

95,175,292. 

95. 

95,175,292. 

95. 

313. 

313. 

313, 

313. 

313. 

85,141. 

85. 

164. 

325. 

4. 

4. 

45. 

325. 

323 

146^153,387. 

313. 

166. 

166,168. 

166,168,470,476. 

22,23,70,323. 

146. 

85,141. 

153. 

256. 

153. 

85. 

183. 

153. 

143. 

141. 

116. 

51, 515, 528, X. 

146. 

146. 

146. 

146. 

323. 

146,509. 

408. 

313. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



151 



Directory of Manufacturers 

The Directory of Manufacturers lists the companies that report pro- 
duction of synthetic organic chemicals to the United States Tariff Com- 
mission. The name of each manufacturer listed in the directory is pre- 
ceded by an identifying number. 

The Directory of Manufacturers for 1947 includes 558 companies 
(see table 24). This is 4 more companies than reported in 1946 and 
nearly 300 more than the number reporting in the years preceding the 
war. Some of the companies reporting production of synthetic organic 
chemicals consume their entire output in further manufacturing. 



Table 24.- 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: 
1947^ 



Directory of manufacturers, 



[Names of synthetic organic chemical manufacturers who reported production and sales to the United 
States Tariff Commission for 1947, or who are listed as manufacturers of synthetic organic chemi- 
cals in other directories or publications available to the public. These companies do not necessarily 
produce synthetic organic chemicals for sale; some consume their entire production in further 
processing! 



No. 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



Abbott Laboratories 

Ad-Co Color Corp 

Advance Paint Co 

Alframine Corp 

Alkydol Laboratories, Inc 

Allied Chemical & Dye Corp 
Barrett Division 



General Chemical Division 

National Aniline Division 

Solvay Process Division 

All-Tex Specialties Co 

Alox Corp 

Alrose Chemical Co 

Althouse Chemical Co 

Altis Chemical Co 

Amalgamated Chemical Corp 

Amecco Chemicals, Inc 

American Alkyd Industries, Inc 

American Aniline & Extract Co., Inc 
American Aniline Products, Inc 

American Bio Synthetics Corp 

American Chemical Paint Co 

American Cyanamid Co 



American Cyanamid Co.: 

Calco Chemical Division 

Lederle Laboratories Division. 



American-iMarietta Co.: 

Adhesive, Resin & Chemical Division. 

Marietta Paint & Color Co., Division. 

American Resinous Chemical Corp 

American Tar & Chemical Co 



American Viscose Corp., Sylvania Di- 
vision. 

30 American Viscose Corp 

31 Ansbacher-Siegle Corp ' 

32 Ansul Chemical Co 

See footnotes at end of table. 

828108—49—11 



14th St. and Sheridan Rd., North Chicago, 111. 

70 Lister Ave., Newark 5, N. J. 

545 W. Abbott St., Indianapolis 7, Ind. 

155 E. 44th St., New York 17, N. Y. (Paterson 4, 

N. J.). 
3242 S. 50th Ave., Chicago 50, 111. 

40 Rector St., New York 6, N. Y. (Bethlehem, 
Frankford, and Philadelphia, Pa.; Buffalo, Ro- 
chester, Syracuse, and Troy, N. Y.; Chicago, 
111.; Cincinnati, Cleveland, Ironton, Toledo, and 
Youngstown, Ohio; Detroit, Mich.; Edgewater, 
N. J.; Fairfield, Ala.; Maiden, Mass.; and Sa- 
vannah, Ga.). 

40 Rector St., New York 6, N. Y. (Buffalo, N. Y., 
and Marcus Hook, Pa.). 

40 Rector St., New York 6, N. Y. (Buffalo 10, 
N. Y.). 

P. O. Box 271, Syracuse 1, N. Y. (Geddes, N. Y.). 

65 Meadow St., Apponaug, R. I. 

Buffalo Ave. and Iroquois St., Niagara Falls, N. Y. 

P. O. Box 1294, Providence 1, R. I. (Cranston 5, 
R. I.). 

540 Pear St., Reading, Pa. 

136 Liberty St., New York 6, N. Y. (Newark 3. 
N. J.). 

Ontario and Rorer Sts., Philadelphia, Pa. 

P. O. Box 5, Henderson, Nev. 

Broad and 14th Sts., Carlstadt, N. J. 

Venango and F Sts., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 

50 Union Sq., New York 3, N. Y. (Lock Haven, 
Pa.). 

1128 N. Water St., Milwaukee 2, Wis. 

Ambler, Pa. 

30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York 20, N. Y. (Azusa, 
Calif.; Bound Brook, Warners, and Woodbridge, 
N. J.; Bridgeville, Pa.; Charlotte, N. C; and 
Stamford and WalUngford, Conn.). 

Easton Turnpike, Bound Brook, N. J. 
30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York 20, N. Y. (Pearl 
River, N. Y.). 

3400 13th Ave., SW., Seattle 4, Wash. 

Acme and Greene Sts., Marietta, Ohio. 

103 Foster St., Peabodv, Mass. 

2240 Sun Life Bldg., Montreal 2. Canada (Duluth 

7, Minn.). 
1617 Pennsylvania Blvd., Philadelphia 3, Pa. 

(MeadviUe, Pa.). 
Fredericksburg, Va. 

92 Chestnut Ave., Staten Island 5, N. Y. 
Foot of Stanton St., Marinette, Wis. 



152 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 24. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers 
1947 1— Continued 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



Appleton Coated Paper Co 

Arabol Manufacturing Co 

Arapahoe Chemicals, Inc 

Arco Co 

Armitage, J. L., & Co 

Armour & Co., Armour Chemical Di- 
^'ision. 

Armstrong, C. M., Inc 

Armstrong Cork Co 

Armstrong Paint & Varnish Works 

Arnold, Hoffman & Co., Inc 

Atlantic Chemical Co., Inc 

Atlantic Refining Co 

Atlas Powder Co 



Atlas Refinery, Inc 

Atlas Wall Paper Mills, Inc. 

Augusta Chemical Co.-.. 

Bakelite Corp 



Baker, J. T., Chemical Co. 

Baker Castor Oil Co 

Baker Oil Tools, Inc 



Inc. 



Basic Chemical Co., 

Bates Chemical Co 

Beacon Co 

Beaudry Wall Paper Corp 

Belle Alkah Co 

Benzol Products Co 

Berk, F. W., & Co., Inc 

Berkeley Chemical Corp 

Berry Brothers, Inc 

Bersvvorth, F. C., Laboratory. 

Bick & Co., Inc.. 

Bios Laboratories 

Bird & Son, Inc 

Borden Co.: 

Casein Corp. of America 



Chemical Division. 



Durite Plastics Division 

Boston Varnish Co 

Bowles, A. F., Co 

Breon, Geo. A., & Co 

Bristol Laboratories, Inc 

Brooklyn Color Works, Inc 

Brown Co 

Burkhart-Schier Chemical Co. — 
Burroughs, Wellcome & Co., Inc. 

Bush, Burton T., Inc 

Bush, W. J., & Co., Inc 

Cabot, Samuel, Inc 

Cadet Chemical Corp 

California Flaxseed Products Co. 
California Ink Co., Inc 



California Spray Chemical Corp 

Capital City Products Co 

Carbide & Carbon Chemicals Corp. 



Carbide & Carbon Chemicals Corp. 
(R. R.).2 

Carlisle Chemical Works, Inc 

Carlstadt Chemical Co 

Carolina Aniline & Extract Co 

Carus Chemical Co., Inc 

Carwin Co 

Catalin Corp. of America 

Celanese Corp. of America 



Chaffardon, J 

Chase, W. S., Driers & Chemicals, Inc. 
Chemical Manufacturing Co., Inc 



1200 N. Meade St., Appleton, Wis. 
110 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Yj 
2800 Pearl St., Boulder, Colo. 
7301 Bessemer Ave, Cleveland 4, Ohio. 
245 Thomas St., Newark 5, N. J. 
1355 W. 31st St., Chicago 9, lU. 

9 E. 46th St., New York 17, N. Y. 

Lancaster, Pa. (Pittsburgh, Pa.). 

1330 S. Kilbourn Ave., Chicago 23, 111. 

55 Canal St., Providence 1, R. I. (Dighton, Mass .) 

2072 Smith St., Centredale 11, R. I. 

260 S. Broad St., Philadelphia 1, Pa. 

9th and Market Sts., Wilmington 99, Del. (Rey- 
nolds, Pa., and Atlas Point, Del.). 

144 Lockwood St., Newark 5, N. J. 

Coal City, 111. 

P. O. Box 660, Augusta, Ga. 

30 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (Bound Brook 
and Bloomfield, N. J.). 

600 N. Broad St., Phillipsburg, N. J. 

120 Broadway, New York 5, N. Y. (Bayonne, N. J.) . 

P. O. Box 2274, Terminal Annex, Los Angeles 54, 
CaUf. (Vernon, Calif.). 

Carteret, N. J. (Raritan, N. J.). 

Scottdale Rd., Lansdowne, Pa. 

97 Bickford St., Boston 30, Mass. 

46 Elm St., Cortland, N. Y. 

P. O. Box 615, Belle, W. Va. 

237 South St., Newark 5, N. J. (Piscataway, N. J.). 

Park PI. E., Wood-Ridge, N. J. 

942 Summit Ave., Berkeley Heights, N. J. 

211 Leib St., Detroit 7, Mich. 

609 W'averly St., Framingham, Mass. 

1820 N. 12th St., Reading, Pa. 

607 W. 43d St., New York 18, N. Y. 

1934 E. Clark St., East Walpole, Mass. 

350 Madison Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Bain- 
bridge, N. Y.; Seattle, Wash.; and Kernersville, 
N. C). 

6010 Airport Way, Seattle 8, Wash. (Springfield, 
Oreg.). 

5000 Summerdale Ave., Philadelphia 24, Pa. 

114 2d St., Everett, Mass. 

P. O. Box 150, Naugatuck, Conn. 

2000 Baltimore Ave., Kansas City 10, Mo. 

P. O. Box 657, Syracuse 1, N. Y. 

Morgan and Norman Aves., Brooklyn 22, N. Y. 

650 Main St., BerUn, N. H. 

1202 Chestnut St., Chattanooga 2, Tenn. 

Main St.. Tuckahoe 7, N. Y. 

109-201 Dela wanna Ave ., Delawanna, N.J. 

11 E. 38th St., New York 16, N. Y. 

141 Milk St., Boston 9, Mass. (Chelsea 50, Mass.). 

205 Chicago St., Buffalo 5, N. Y. 

3135 E. 26th St., Los Angeles 23, Calif. 

545 Sansome St., San Francisco 11, Calif. (Berke- 
ley 2, Calif.). 

Lucas and Ortho Way, Richmond, Calif. 

W. 1st Ave. and Perry St., Columbus 8, Ohio. 

30 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (South Charles- 
ton, W. Va.; Niagara Falls, N. Y.; Whiting, Ind.; 
and Texas City. Tex.). 

P. O. Box 2831, Charleston 30, W. Va. (Institute, 
W. Va.). 

510 Reading Rd., Reading 15, Ohio. 

418 13th St., Carlstadt, N. J. 

301 S. Cedar St., Chariotte 1, N. C. 

1375 8th St., LaSalle, 111. 

Stiles Lane, North Haven, Conn. 

1 Park Ave., New York 16, N. Y. (Fords, N. J.). 

180 Madison .\ve.. New York 16, N. Y. (Cumber- 
land, Md.; Narrows, Va.; Bishop, Tex.; Newark, 
N. J.; and Rome, Ga.). 

209 Market St., Lynn, Mass. 

3527 Smallman St., Pittsburgh 1, Pa. 

Ashland, Mass. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



153 



Table 24. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 
1947 1— Continued 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



Chemical Process Co - 

Chemical Specialties, Inc 

Chemico, Inc 

Chemo Pure Manufacturing Corp 

Chemo-Synth Products 

Childs Pulp Colors, Inc 

Ciba Pharmaceutical Products, Inc 

Cincinnati Chemical Works, Inc 

Cities Service Oil Co 

Cities Service Refining Corp 

Citro Chemical Co 

Clinton Industries, Inc 

Coastwise Petroleum Co 

Colasta Co., Inc 

Coleman & Bell Co 

Colgate-Palmolive-Peet Co 

CoUway Colors, Inc 

Colt's Manufacturing Co 

Columbia Organic Chemicals Co., Inc- 

Commercial Solvents Corp 

Commonwealth Color & Chemical Co. 

Connecticut Hard Rulaber Co 

Continental-Diamond Fibre Co 

Continental Oil Co 

Cook Paint & Varnish Co 

Cooks Falls Dye Works, Inc 

Coopers Creek Chemical Corp 

Copolymer Corp 

Corn Products Refining Co 

Crown Oil Products Corp 

Crown Tar & Chemical Works, Inc — 

Cutter Laboratories 

Cyclo Chemical Corp 

Dawe's Vitamins, Inc 

Debruille Chemical Corp 

Deecy Products Co 

Dennis, Martin Co 

DePaul Chemical Co., Inc 

Dewey Almy Chemical Co 

Dexter Chemical Corp 

Diamond Alkali Co 

Diarsenol Co., Inc 

Distillation Products, Inc 

Dodge & Olcott, Inc 

Dow Chemical Co 

Dow Chemical Co., Styrene Division 
(R. R.).2 

Dow Corning Corp 

Drackett Co 

Dumor Plastics, Inc 

Dupont de Nemours, E. I., & Co., Inc. 



Dupont de Nemours, E. I., & Co., Inc. 
(R. R.).2 



58 Sutter St., San Francisco 4, Calif. (Redwood 

City, CaUf.). 
151 N. Centennial St., Zeeland, Mich. 
1745 Front St., Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio. 
26-32 Skillman Ave., Long Island City 1, N. Y. 
919 N. Fairfax Ave., Los Angeles 46, Calif. (Long 

Beach, Calif.). 
43 Summit St., Brooklyn 31, N. Y. 
556 Morris Ave., Summit, N. J. 
P. O. Box 20, Evanston Station, Cincinnati 7, Ohio. 
Masonic-Empire Bldg., Bartlesville, Okla. (Tallant , 

Okla.). 
716 Hodges St., Lake Charles, La. 
Maywood Ave., Maywood, N. J. 
P. O. Box 340, Clinton, Iowa. 
1127 Munsey Bldg., Baltimore 2, Md. (Good Hope, 

La.). 
1 Mechanic St., Hoosick Falls, N. Y. 
Main and Waverly Aves., Norwood 12, Ohio. 
105 Hudson St., Jersey City 2, N. J. (Jeffersonville , 

Ind.; Kansas City, Kans.; and Berkeley, CaUf.). 
15 Market St., Paterson 1, N. J. 
17 Van Dyke Ave., Hartford 15, Conn. 
600 Capitol PL, Columbia 55, S. C. (Cedar Terrace, 

S C ) 
17 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (Terre Haute, 

Ind.; Peoria, 111.; Harvey, La.; Agnew, Calif.; 

and Carlstadt, N. J.). 
223 Nevins St., Brooklyn 17, N. Y. 
407 East St., New Haven 9, Conn. 
70 S. Chapel St., Newark, Del. (Bridgeport, Pa.; 

Valparaiso, Ind.). 
1000 S. Pine St., Ponca City, Okla. 
P. O. Box 389, Kansas City 10, Mo. 
140 Maiden Lane, New York 5, N. Y. (Cooka Falls, 

N. Y.). 
River Rd., West Conshohocken, Pa. 
P. O. Box 1029, Baton Rouge 2, La. 
17 Battery PL, New York 4, N. Y. (Argo, 111.). 
2-10 49th St., Long Island City, N. Y. 
1125 7th St., Denver 4, Colo. 
4th and Parker Sts., Berkeley 1, Calif. 
45-06 Vernon Blvd., Long Island City 1. N. Y. 
4800 S. Richmond St., Chicago 32, 111. 
1841 Broadway, New York 23, N. Y. 
120 Potter St., Cambridge 42, Mass. 
859 Summer Ave., Newark 4, N. J. 
44-27 Purvis St., Long Island City 1, N. Y. 
62 Whittemore Ave., Cambridge 40, Mass. 
819 Edgewater Rd., New York 59, N. Y. 
535 Smithfield St., Pittsburgh 22, Pa. (Painesville, 

Ohio). 
72 Kingsley St., Buffalo 8, N. Y. 
755 Ridge Rd., W., Rochester 13, N. Y. 
180 Varick St., New York 14, N. Y. (Bayonne, 

N. J.). 
Midland, Mich. (Pittsburg, Calif., and Freeport, 

Tex.). 
P. O. Box 500, Gardena, Calif. (Los Angeles, Calif.). 

P. O. Box 592, Midland, Mich. 

5020 Spring Grove Ave., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

3d and Clifford Aves., Atco, N. J. 

10th and Market Sts., Wilmington 98, Del. (Car- 
neys Point, New Brunswick, Perth Amboy, New- 
ark, Giblastown, Arlington, and Parlin, N. J.; 
Waynesboro and Martinsville, Va.; Seaford, Del. ; 
Everett, Mass.; Belle, W. Va.; Niagara Falls, 
N. Y.; San Francisco and El Monte, Calif.; Wy- 
andotte and Flint, Mich.; Barksdale, Wis.; Bir- 
mingham, Ala.; Carl Junction, Mo.; Dupont, 
Wash.; Louviers, Colo.; Seneca, Chicago, and 
Robinson, 111.; Bradner, Toledo, and Cleveland, 
Ohio; Bartlesville, Okla.; Philadelphia, Pa.; and 
Stanton and Houston, Tex.). 

10th and Market Sts., Wilmington 98, Del. (Louis- 
ville, Ky.). 



See footnotes at end of table. 



154 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 24. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 
1947 ' — Continued 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



Durez Plastics & Chemicals, Inc. 

Dye Specialties Corp., Inc 

Dvkem Co 

Eakins, J. S. & W. R., Inc 

Eastern Tar Products Corp 



Eastman Kodak Co 

Edcan Laboratories 

Edison, Thomas A., Inc. 

Eimer & Amend 

El Dorado Oil Works-.. 



Elizabethtown Consolidated Gas Co. 
Emery Industries, Inc 



Emulsol Corp 

Endo Products, Inc 

Esso Standard Oil Co. 
Eston Chemicals, Inc. 
Ethyl Corp 



Ethyl-Dow Chemical Co 

Evans Chemetics, Inc 

Factor, Max, & Co 

Fairmount Chemical Co., Inc 

Falk & Co 

Farley & Loetscher Manufacturing Co. 

Farrington, W. U., Estate 

Federal Color Laboratories, Inc 

Felton Chemical Co., Inc 

Ferbert-Schorndorf er Co 

Ferro Chemical Corp 



Fine Colors Co 

Fine Organics, Inc 

Firestone Tire & Rubber Co 

Firestone Tire & Rubber Co. (R. R.)2. 



Ford Motor Co 

Foster-Heaton Co 

France, Campbell & Darling, Inc- 
Fries Bros., Inc 



Fries, George G., & Co., Inc 

Fritzsche Brothers, Inc 

Fuller, W. P., & Co 

Furane Plastics & Chemical Co- 
Gane's Chemical Works, Inc 



General Aniline & Film Corp., General 
Aniline Works Division. 

General Color Co., Inc 

General Electric Co 



General Mills, Inc. 



General Motors Corp., A. C. Spark 

Plug Division. 
General Tire & Rubber Co. (R. R.)2... 

George, P. D., Co 

Geral Chemical Co 

Gilman Paint & Varnish Co 

GHddenCo 



Glyco Products Co., Inc 

Goodrich, B. F., Chemical Co 

Goodrich, B. F., Chemical Co. (R. R.)2. 

Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co 



Goodyear Synthetic Rubber Corp. (R. 
R.).2 

Grand Rapids Varnish Corp 

Great Southern Corp. (R. R.)2 

Greenwood Textile Supply Co 

Gulf Oil Corp 

Gunning & Gunning, Inc 

Guyan Color & Chemical Works 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Walck Rd., Tonawanda, N. Y. 

924 Bergen Ave., .Jersey City, N. J. 

2307 N. nth St., St. Louis 6, Mo. 

55 Berry St., Brooklyn 11, N. Y. 

603 Lexington Bldg., Baltimore 1, Md. (Norfolk, 

Va.). 
343 State St., Rochester 4, N. Y. 
10 Pine St., South Norwalk, Conn. 
P. O. Box 45, Bloomfield, N. J. 
635 Greenwich St., New York 14, N. Y. 
311 California St., San Francisco 4, Calif. (Oakland, 

Calif.). 
16 W. Jersey St., Elizabeth 4, N. J. 
4300 Carew Tower, Cincinnati 2, Ohio (St. Bernard , 

Ohio). 
59 E. Madison St., Chicago 3, 111. 
84-40 101st St., Richmond HiU 18, N. Y. 
P. O. Box 222, Linden, N. J. 
3100 E. 26th St., Los Angeles 23, Cahf. 
405 Lexington Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (North 

Baton Rouge, La., and Deepwater, N. J.). 
Midland, Mich. (Freeport, Tex.). 
350 E. 43d St., New York 17, N. Y. 
1666 N. Highland Ave., Los Angeles 28, Calif. 

600 Ferry St., Newark 5, N. J. 

P. O. Box 1075, Pittsburgh, Pa. (Carnegie, Pa.). 

7th and White Sts., Dubuque. Iowa. 

1 Division St., E. Greenwich, R. I. (Warwick, R. I.) . 

4633 Forest Ave., Cincinnati 12, Ohio. 

599 Johnson Ave., Brooklyn 6, N. Y. 

12815 Elmwood Ave., Cleveland 11, Ohio. 

877 Union Commerce Bldg., Cleveland 14, Ohio 

(Bedford, Ohio). 
21-29 McBride Ave., Paterson 1, N. J. 
211 E. 19th St., New York 3, N. Y. (Lodi, N. J.). 
1200 Firestone Parkway, Akron 17, Ohio. 
381 W. Wilbeth Rd., Akron 1, Ohio (Port Nechea, 

Tex., and Lake Charles, La.). 
3000 Schaefer Rd., Dearborn, Mich. 
16 E. 5th St., Paterson 4, N. J. 
Michigan Ave. and Monroe St., Kenilworth, N. J. 
92 Reads St., New York 13, N. Y. (Bloomfield, 

N. J.). 
11-25 44th Rd., Long Island City 1, N. Y. 
76 9th Ave., New York 11, N.*Y. (Clifton, N. J.). 
301 Mission St., San Francisco 19, Calif. 
4500 Brazil St., Los Angeles 26, Calif. 
43 W. 16th St., New York 11, N. Y. (Carlstadt, 

N. J.). 
435 Hudson St., New York 14, N. Y. (Rensselaer, 

N. Y., and Grasselli, N. J.). 
24 Ave. B, Newark 5, N. J. 
1 Plastics Ave., Pittsfield, Mass. (Schenectady 5, 

N. Y., and Coshocton, Ohio). 
400 2d Ave., S., Minneapolis 1, Minn. (Keokuk, 

Iowa). 
1300 N. Dort Highway, Fhnt 2, Mich. 

Baytown, Tex. 

5200 N. 2d St., St. Louis 7, Mo. 
66 Dwight St., New Haven 11, Conn. 
W. 8th and Pine Sts., Chattanooga 1, Tenn. 
11001 Madison Ave., Cleveland 2, Ohio (Chicago, 
111.). 

26 Court St., Brooklyn, N. Y. (Natrium, W. Va.). 
324 Rose Bldg., Cleveland 15, Ohio (Akron, Ohio). 
324 Ro.se Bldg., Cleveland 15, Oliio (Port Neches 

and Borger, Tex.). 
1144 E. Market St., Akron 16, Ohio (Niagara Falls, 

N. Y.). 
1144 E. Market St., Akron 16, Ohio (Torrance, 

Calif., and Houston, Tex.). 
1350 Steele Ave.. Grand Rapids 2, Mich. 
Corpus Christi, Tex. 

27 Meadow St., Apponaug, R. I. 
Gulf Bldg., Pittsburgh, Pa. 

601 W. 26th St., New York 1, N. Y. 
P. O. Box 1088, Huntington, W. Va. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



155 



Table 24. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 
1947 1— Continued 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



Hamilton Laboratories, Inc 

Hampden Color & Chemical Co_ 

Harbor Plywood Corp 

Hardesty Chemical Co.,, Inc 

Harmon Color Works 

Harshaw Chemical Co 



Hartman-Leddon Co., Inc_ 
Hart Products Corp 



Hema Drug Co., Inc. 
Hercules Powder Co_ 



Heresite Chemical Co 

Hexagon Chemicals, Inc. 
Heyden Chemical Corp-. 



Hilo Varnish Corp 

Hoffmann-LaRoche, Inc 

Holland Color & Chemical Co- 
Hooker-Detrex, Inc 



Hooker Electrochemical Co 

Houghton, E. F., & Co 

Huggins, James, & Son, Inc 

Humble Oil & Refining Co 

Humble Oil & Refining Co. (R. R.)2- 
Huron Milling Co 



Hyman, Julius, & Co 

Hynson, Westcott & Dunning, Inc- 

Imperial Paper & Color Corp 

Industrie 1 Dy estuff Co 

Industrial Products, Inc 

Inland Alkaloid Co 

Inland Steel Container Co 

Innis, Speiden & Co 



Interchemical Corp.: 
Finishes Division.. 



Textile Colors Division. 
Interlake Chemical Corp. 



International Minerals & Chemical 
Corp., Amino Products Division. 

Ironsides Co 

Irvington Varnish & Insulator Co 

Jamieson Pharmacal Co 

Jennison-Wright Corp 

Johnson, Charles Eneu, & Co 

Johnson, S. C, & Son, Inc 

Joliet Wall Paper Mills 

Jones-Dabney Co 

Kalide Corp 

Kali Manufacturing Co 

Kay & Ess Co 

Kay-Fries Chemicals, Inc 



Kehew-Bradley Co- 



Kendall Refining Co 

Kennecott Copper Corp 

Kentucky Color & Chemical Co. 

Kessler Chemical Co., Inc 

Keto Chemical Co., Inc 

Keystone Color Works, Inc 

Keystone Varnish Co 

Kinetic Chemicals, Inc 



Knoedler Chemical Co 

Kohnstamm, H.. & Co., Inc. 
Kolker Chemical Works, Inc. 
Koppers Co., Inc.: 

Chemical Division 



120 Patton Ave., .A.sheville, N. C. 

161 Armory St., Springfield .5, Mass. 

Port Dock, Hociuiam, Wash, (.\berdeen. Wash.). 

P. O. Box no, Dover, Ohio. 

1945 E. 97th St., Cleveland 6, Ohio (Philadelphia, 

Pa.). 
5819-21 Market St., Philadelphia 39, Pa. 
1440 Broadway, New York 18, N. Y. (Woodbridge, 

N. J.). 
70-04 Grand Ave., Maspeth, L. I., N. Y. 
900 Market St., Wilmington 99, Del. (Parlin and 

Kenvil, N. J.; Mansfield, Mass.; Brunswick, Ga.; 

Hattiesburg, Miss.; and Hopewell, Va.). 
822 S. 14th St., Manitowoc, Wis. 
E. Main St., Pomeroy, Ohio. 
393 7th Ave., New York 1, N. Y. (Memphis, Tenn. , 

and Garfield and Fords, N. J.). 

42 Stewart Ave., Brooklyn 6, N. Y. 
324-424 Kingsland Rd., Nutley 10, N. J. 
P. O. Box 1001, Holland, Mich. 

Buffalo Ave. and 47th St., Niagara Falls, N. Y. 

(Tacoma 1, Wash.). 
Buffalo Ave. and 47th St., Niagara Falls, N. Y. 
303 W. Lehigh Ave., Philadelphia 33, Pa. 
239 Medford St., Maiden 48, Mass. 
P. O. Box 2180, Houston 1, Tex. (Baytown, Tex.). 
P. O. Box 1321, Baytown, Tex. 
9 Park PI., New York 7, N. Y. (Harbor Beach, 

Mich.). 
P. O. Box 2171, Denver 2, Colo. 
1030 N. Charles St., Baltimore 1, Md. 
P. O. Box 231, Glens Falls, N. Y. 
Massasoit Ave., East Providence 14, R. I. 
215 S. Laurens St., Greenville, S. C. 
Tipton, Ind. 

6532 S. Menard Ave., Chicago 38, 111. 
117 Liberty St., New York 6, N. Y. (Niagara Falls, 

N. Y.). 

57 State St., Newark, N.J. (Cincinnati, Ohio, and 

EHzabeth, N. J.). 
Plaza Rd., Fair Lawn, N. J. (Paterson, N. J.). 
1900 Union Commerce Bldg., Cleveland 14, Ohio 

(Chicago 17, 111.). 
20 N. Wacker Dr., Chicago, 111. 

270 W. Mound St., Columbus 16, Ohio. 
9 .Argvle PL. Irvington 11, N. J. 
7924 Riopelle St., Detroit 11, Mich. 
2463 Broadway, Toledo 1, Ohio. 
10th and Lombard Sts., Philadelphia 47, Pa. 
1525 Howe St., Racine, Wis. 
225 Logan Ave., Joliet, 111. 
1481 S. nth St., Louisville 8, Ky. 
S. Canal St., Lawrence, Mass. 
427 Moyer St., Philadelphia 25, Pa. 
820 Kiser St., Dayton 1, Ohio. 

180 Madison Ave., New York 16, N. Y. (W. Haver- 
straw, N. Y.). 

43 Purchase St., Boston 10, Mass. (Everett 49, 
Mass.). 

77 N. Kendall Ave., Bradford, Pa. 

Hurley, N. Mex. 

600 N. 34th St., Louisville 12, Ky. 

State Rd. and Cottman Ave., Philadelphia 25, Pa. 

40-33 23d St., Long Island City 1, N. Y. 

151 W. Gay Ave., York, Pa. 

71-79 Otsego St., Brooklyn 31, N. Y. 

DuPont Bldg., Wilmington 98, Del. (Penns Grove, 

N. J.). 
651 High St., Lancaster, Pa. 

87 Park PI., New York 7, N. Y. (Brooklyn, N. Y.). 
80 Lister Ave., Newark 6, N. J. 

Koppers Bldg., Pittsburgh 19, Pa. (Monaca, Pe- 
trolia, and Oil City, Pa.). 



See footnotes at end of table. 



156 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 24. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of rnanufacturers, 
1947 1— Continued 



Name of company 



Koppers Co., Inc. — Continued 
Tar Products Division 



Kruinbhaar ChemicaLs, Inc. 
Lakeside Laboratories, Inc_. 
Lamex Cliemical Corp 



LaMotte Chemical Products Co 

Laurel Soap Manufacturing Co., Inc. 

Leatex Chemical Co 

Lehigh Briciuetting Co 

Lemke, B. L., & Co., Inc 



Lennig, Charles, & Co_ 
Lever Bros. Co 



Lever, C, Co., Inc 

Levey, Frederick H., Co., Inc. 



Lewis, John T., & Bros., Co 

Lewis Tar Products Co 

Libbey-Owens-Ford Glass Co., Plaskon 
Division. 

Lilly, Eli, & Co 

Liquid Carbonic Corj) 



Locto Co 

Long, Charles R., Jr., Co_ 
Luedcrs, George, & Co — 



M & M Wood Working Co 

McGean Chemical Co 

Maas & Waldstein Co 

Magnolia Petroleum Co 

Magruder Color Co., Inc 

Mallinckrodt Chemical Works 

Maltbie Chemical Co 

Marathon Corp 

Marblette Corp 

Marbon Corp 

Marco Chemicals, Inc 

Marden- Wild Corp 

Marlowe-Van Loan Corp 

Marx, Max, Color & Chemical Co_ 

Maschmeijer, A., Jr. Inc 

Masury- Young Co 

Mathieson Alkali Works, Inc 

May. Otto B., Inc 

May wood Chemical Works 

Mead, Johnson & Co 



Mearle Corp 

Mepham, Geo. S., Corp 

Merck & Co., Inc 



Merrell, Wm. S., Co- 



Meyer, J., & Sons 

Michigan Cheinical Corp 

Midland Industrial Finishes Co_ 

Midwest Solvents Co., Inc 

Mid- West Tar Products ^orp 



Miles Laboratories, Inc 

Miranol Chemical Co., Inc.. 
Monarch Oil & Chenucal Co- 
Monsanto Chemical Co 



Montrose Chemical Co. 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



Koppers Bldg.. 4.30 7th Ave., Pittsburgh 19, Pa, 

(Buffalo and Utica, N. Y.; Carroll ville, Wis. 

Chicago, 111.; Everett, Mass.; Follansbee, W. Va. 

Hamilton and Youngstown, Ohio; Houston, Tex. 

Memphis, Tenn.; New Haven, Conn.; Portland 

Maine; East Providence, R. I.; Kearny, N. J. 

St. Louis, Mo.; Norristown, Swissvale. and Ko- 

buta, Pa.; Woodward, Ala.; Savannah, Ga.; and 

St. Paul, Minn.). 
24 Jacobus Ave., South Kearnv, N. J. 
1707 E. North Ave., Milwaukee 1, Wis. 
1.5 Spruce St., New York 7, N. Y. (Birmingham, 

Ala.). 
McCormick Bldg., Baltimore 4, Md. (Towson, Md.). 
Tioga and Thompson Sts., Philadelphia .34, Pa. 
2722 N. Hancock St., Philadelphia 33, Pa. 
10 First National Bank Bldg., Dickinson, N. Dak. 
2.50 W. Broad wav. New York 13, N. Y. (Lodi, 

N. J.). 
222 Washington Sq., Philadelphia 5, Pa. 
50 Memorial Dr., Cambridge 39, Mass. (Hammond, 

Ind.). 
2601 N. Howard St., Philadelphia 33, Pa. 
41 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (Brooklyn, 

N. Y.). 
910 Widener Bldg., Philadelphia 7, Pa. 
P. O. Box A, Lyons, 111. (McCook, III.). 
2112 Sylvan Ave., Toledo 6, Ohio. 

740 S. Alabama St., Indianapolis 6, Ind. 

3100 S. Kedzie Ave., Chicago 23, III. (Cleveland 4, 
Ohio). 

791 Hampden Ave., St. Paul 4, Minn. 

1630-44 W. Hill St., Louisville 10, Ky. 

427 Washington St., New York 13, N. Y. (Brook- 
lyn 6, N. Y.). 

2301 N. Columbia Blvd., Portland 3, Oreg. 

1106 Republic Bldg., Cleveland 15, Ohio. 

438 Riverside Ave., Newark 4, N. J. 

P. O. Box 900, Dallas 1, Tex. (Beaumont, Tex.). 

2385 Richmond Ter., Staten Island 2, N. Y. 

3600 N. 2d St., St. Louis 7, Mo. 

240 High St., Newark 2, N. J. (Morristown, N. J.). 

Rothschild, Wis. 

37-21 30th St., Long Island City 1, N. Y. 

1926 W. 10th Ave., Gary, Ind. 

Sewaren, N. J. 

.500 Columbia St.. Somerville 43, Mass. 

1511 Bvrum St., High Point, N. C. 

188-194 Coit St.. Irvington 11, N. J. 

43 W. 16th St., New York 11 , N. Y. (Newark, N. J.). 

76 Roland St., Charlestown 29, Ma.ss. 

60 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. 

198-214 Niagara St.. Newark 5. N. J. 

100 W. Hunter Ave., Maywood, N. J. 

St. Joseph Ave. and Pennsylvania St., Evansville 
21, Ind. 

153 Waverly PL, New York 14, N. Y. (Eastport, 
Maine) . 

2001 Lynch Ave.. East St. Louis, HI. 

Lincoln Ave.. Rahway, N. J. (Elkton. Va., and 
Philadelphia, Pa.). 

Galbraith Rd. and Pennsylvania R. R., Cincin- 
nati 15, Ohio. 

4321 N. 4th St., Philadelphia 40, Pa. 

.500 N. Bankson St.. St. Louis, Mich. 

E. Water St., Waukegan, 111. 

1300 Main St.. Atchison, Kans. 

.332 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago, III. (East Chicago, 
Ind.). 

1127 MjTtle St., Elkhart. Ind. 

16 Melville PL, Irvington 11, N. J. 

240 N. 2d St., Philadelphia 6, Pa. 

1700 S. 2d St., St. Louis 4. Mo. (Monsanto, 111.; 
.Anniston, Ala.; Nitro, W. Va.; Everett and 
Springfield, Mass.; Lockport. N. Y.; Seattle, 
Wash.; and Texas City, Tex.). 

120 Lister Ave., Newark 5, N. J. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



157 



Table 24. 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 
1947 1— Continued 



Name of company 



Morton Chemical Co 

Nason, R. N., & Co 

National Lead Co 

National Synthetic Rubber Corp (R. 

R.).2 
Neches Butane Products Co. (R. R.)^-. 

Neville Co 

Newport Industries, Inc 

New York Color & Chemical Co., Inc. 

Division, American Dyewood Co. 
New York Quinine & Chemical Works, 

Inc. 

Niagara Chlorine Products Co., Inc 

Ninol Laboratories 

Nonweiler, A. P., Co 

Nopco Chemical Co 

Norda Essential Oil & Chemical Co 

Northwestern Chemical Co .-__--. 

Novadel-Agene Corp., Lucidol Division. 

Nu-Guard Chemicals, Inc 

Nuodex Products Co., Inc 

Nutrition Research Laboratories 

Ohio-Apex , Inc 

Ohio Chemical & Manufacturing Co — 
Oil States Petroleum Co., Inc 

Oldbury Electro-Chemical Co 

Old Hickory Chemical Co 

Orbis Products Corp 

Ortho Chemical Corp 

Osborn, C. J., Co 

Ottol Oil Co 

Pan American Refining Corp 

Paraffine Companies, Inc 

Paramet Corp 

Parke, Davis & Co 

Patent Chemicals, Inc 

Pathfinder Chemical Corp 

Paul-Lewis Laboratories, Inc 

Peerless Color Co., Inc 

Pennsylvania Industrial Chemical Corp 
Pennsylvania Salt Manufacturing Co.- 

Peters Chemical Manufacturing Co 

Pfanstiehl Chemical Co 

Pfizer, Charles, & Co., Inc 

Pharma Chemical Corp 

Phillips Petroleum Co 

PhiUips Petroleum Co. (R. R.)2..._.. 
Pitman-Moore Co. Division, Allied 
Laboratories, Inc. 

Pittsburgh Coke & Chemical Co 

Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co 

Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co., Forbes Fin- 
ishes Division. 
Plymouth Organic Laboratories, Inc.. 

Polychemical Co 

Pontiac Varnish Co 

Portland Gas & Coke Co 

Poughkeepsie Dyestuff Corp 

Pratt & Lambert, Inc 

Premier Oil Co. (R. R.)2 

Premo Pharmaceutical Laboratories, 

Inc. 
Procter & Gamble Co 

Publicker Industries, Inc 

Purocaine, Inc 



See footnotes at end of table. 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



2110 High Point Rd., Greensboro, N. C. 
151 Potrero St., San Francisco 3, Calif. 
Ill Broadway. New York 6, N. Y. 
P. O. Box 2068, Louisville 1, Ky. 

P. O. Box 1535, Port Neches, Tex. 
Neville Island, Pittsburgh 25, Pa. 
P. O. Box 911, Pensacola, Fla. 
374 Main St., Belleville 9, N. J. 

99-117 N. nth St., Brooklyn 11, N. Y. 

North Transit Rd., Lockport, N. Y. 

1719 S. Clinton St., Chicago 16, 111. 

P. O. Box 1007, Oshkosh, Wis. 

1st and Essex Sts., Harrison, N. J. (Cedartown, 
Ga.). 

601 W. 26th St., New York 1, N. Y. (Boonton, 
N. J.). 

1263 N. 70th St., Wauwatosa 13, Wis. 

1740 Military Rd., Buffalo 5, N. Y. 

7009 River Rd., Edgewater, N. J. (Warren, Pa.). 

830 Magnolia Ave., Elizabeth, N. .1. 

4210 Peterson Ave., Chicago 30, 111. 

P. O. Box 98, Nitro, W. Va. 

1177 Marquette St., Cleveland 14, Ohio. 

Woolworth Bldg., New York 7, N. Y. (Bayonne, 
N. J.). 

P. O. Box 346, Niagara Falls, N. Y. 

P. O. Box 1480, Richmond 12, Va. (Old Hickory, 
Tenn.). 

215 Pearl St., New York 7, N. Y. (Newark 5, N. J.) . 

44-26 Purvis St., Long Island City 1, N. Y. 

132 Nassau St., New York 7, N. Y. (Linden, N. J.) . 

455 Cortlandt St., Belleville 9, N. J. 

P. O. Box 401, Texas City, Tex. 

475 Brannan St., San Francisco 19, Calif. (Emery- 
ville, Calif.). 

2112 Sylvan Ave., Toledo 6, Ohio (Long Island 
City, N. Y.). 

Foot of Jos. Campau, Detroit 32, Mich. 

335 McLean Blvd., Paterson 4, N. J. 

5408 Baker Ave., Niagara Falls, N. Y. 

4253 N. Port Washington Rd., Milwaukee 12, Wis. 

521-535 North Ave., Plainfield, N. J. 

120 State St., Clairton, Pa. (Chester, Pa.). 

1000 Widener Bldg., Philadelphia 7, Pa. (Wyan- 
dotte, Mich.; Pittstown, N. J.; and Natrona, Pa.) . 

3623 Lake St., Melrose Park, 111. 

104 Lakeview Ave., Waukegan, 111. 

11 Bartlett St., Brooklyn 6, N. Y. 

175 5th Ave., New York 10, N. Y. (Bayonne, N. J.). 

PhiUips Bldg., Bartlesville, Okla. (Phillips, Tex., 
and Oklahoma City, Okla.). 

Phillips Bldg., Bartlesville, Okla. (Borger, Tex.). 

1200 Madison Ave., Indianapolis 2, Ind. 

1905 Grant Bldg., Pittsburgh 19, Pa. 

2000 Grant Bldg., Pittsburgh 19, Pa. (Barbertoa, 

Ohio). 
3800 W. 143d St., Cleveland 11, Ohio. 

59 Beekman St., New York 7, N. Y. (Brooklyn 32 , 

N. Y.). 
494 Hunts Point Ave., New York 59, N. Y. 
30 Brush St., Pontiac 12, Mich. 
Public Service Bldg., Portland 4, Oreg. 
77 N. Water St., Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 
75 Tonawanda St., Buffalo 7, N. Y. 
Cotton Vallev, La. 
443 Broadway, New York 13, N. Y. 

Gwynne Bldg., Cincinnati 2, Ohio (Ivorydale, Ohio; 

Staten Island, N. Y.; Kansas City, Kans.; Dallas, 

Tex.; and Chicago, 111.). 
1429 Walnut St., Philadelphia 2, Pa. 
Union and .\dams Sts., West Chester, Pa. 



158 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 24. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 
1947 1— Continued 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



Pyridium Corp 

Quaker Chemical Products Corp. 
Quaker Oats Co 



R. S. A. Corp 

Rare Chemicals, Inc. 



Raybestos-Manhattan, Ine 

Ray Chemical Co 

Red Spot Paint & Varnish Co- 
Reichhold Chemicals, Inc 



Reilly Tar & Chemical Corp. 



Reilly-Whiteman- Walton Co. 

Reliance Varnish Co 

Remington Arms Co., Inc 

Republic Creosoting Co 



Resinous Products & Chemical Co. 
Rhodes Chemical Corp l 



Richards Chemical Works Division, 
Onyx Oil & Chemical Co. 

Richardson Co 

Richfield Oil Corp 



Richmond Chemical Corp. 

Rinshed-Mason Co 

Ritter Chemical Co., Inc.. 
Rohm & Haas Co 



Roosen, H. D., Co., Inc. 



Royce Chemical Co. 
Ruberoid Co 



Salem Oil & Grease Co 

Salvo Chemical Corp 

Schenectady Varnish Co., Inc. 
Schenley Laboratories, Inc 



Scherer, R. P., Corp 

Schering Corp 

Scholler Bros., Inc 

Schuylkill Chemical Co 

Schwartz Laboratories, Inc. 



Searle, G. D., & Co 

Seattle Gas Co 

Seeley & Co., Inc 

Seydel Chemical Co 

Sharp & Dohme, Inc 

Sharpies Chemicals, Inc. 



Shawinigan Resins Corp 

Sheffield Farms, Inc., Chemurgic Di- 
vision. 
Shell Chemical Corp 



Shell Chemical Corp. (R. R.)2 

Shell Oil Co., Inc 

Shell Oil Co., Inc. (Pacific coast terri 
tory). 

Shepherd Chemical Co 

Sherman, Geo. E., Co., Inc 

Sherwin-Williams Co 



See footnotes at end of table. 



21 Gray Oaks Ave., Yonkers 2, N. Y. (Harriman, 
N. Y.). 

Lime, Elm, and Sandy Sts., Conshohocken, Pa. 

141 W. Jackson Blvd., Chicago 4, 111. (Cedar Rap- 
ids, Iowa, and Memphis, Tenn.). 

690 Saw Mill River Rd., Ardsley, N. Y. 

1st and Essex Sts., Harrison, N. J. (Flemington, 
N. J.). 

75 E. Main St., Stratford, Conn. 

2316 South Blvd., Charlotte 3, N. C. 

110-112 Main St., Evansville 8, Ind. 

707 Woodward Heights Blvd., Detroit 20, Mich. 
(Brooklyn, N. Y.; Elizabeth, N. J.; Tuscaloosa, 
Ala.; and San Francisco, Calif.). 

1615 Merchants Bank Bldg., Indianapolis 4, Ind. 
(Chicago and Granite City, 111.; Belle and Fair- 
mount, W. Va.; Chattanooga, Tenn.; Dover and 
Cleveland, Ohio; and Newark, N. J.). 

P. O. Box 188, Conshohocken, Pa. 

4730 Crittenden Dr., Louisville 9, Ky. 

939 Barnum Ave., Bridgeport 2, Conn. 

1615 Merchants Bank Bldg., Indianapolis 4, Ind. 
(Ironton, Utah; Mobile, Ala.; Seattle, Wash.; St. 
Louis Park, Minn.; and Norfolk, Va.). 

222 W. Washington Sq., Philadelphia 5, Pa. 

417 Cleveland .^ve., Plainfield, N. J. (Philadelphia, 
Pa.). 

190 Warren St., Jersey City 2, N. J. 

27th Ave. and Lake St., Melrose Park, 111. 

555 S. Flower St., Los Angeles 13, Calif. (Watson, 

Calif.). 
1483 Richmond Ter., Staten Island 10, N. Y. 
5935 Milford Ave., Detroit 10, Mich. 
403 W. Main St., Amsterdam, N. Y. 
222 W. Washington Sq., Philadelphia 5, Pa. (Bris- 
tol, Pa., and Knoxville, Tenn.). 
41 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (Brooklyn 32, 

N. Y.). 
Carlton Ave., Carlton Hill, N. J. 
500 5th Ave., New York 18, N. Y. (Erie, Pa., and 

Joliet, 111.). 
60 Grove St., Salem, Mass. 
Rothschild, Wis. 

P. O. Box 1046, Schenectady 1, N. Y. 
350 5th Ave., New York 1, N. Y. (Lawrenceburg, 

Ind.). 
9425 Grinnell Ave., Detroit 13, Mich. 
2 Broad St., Bloomfield, N. J. (Union, N. J.). 
Collins and Westmoreland Sts., Philadelphia 34, Pa . 
2346 Sedgley Ave., Philadeli)hia 32, Pa. 
202 E. 44th St., New York 17, N. Y. (Mt. Vernon, 

N. Y.). 
P. O. Box 5110, Chicago 80, 111. (Skokie, 111.). 
1511 4th Ave., Seattle 11, Wash. 
136 Liberty St., New York 6, N. Y. (Nyack, N. Y.). 
225 Mercer St., Jersey City 2, N. J. 
640 N. Broad St., Philadelphia 30, Pa. 
123 S. Broad St., Philadelphia 9, Pa. (Wyandotte, 

Mich.). 
644 Monsanto Ave., Springfield 2, Mass. 
524 W. 57th St., New York 19, N. Y. 

100 Bush St., San Francisco 6, Calif. (Martinez, 
Dominguez, and Pittsburg, Calif., and Houston, 
Tex.). 

100 Bush St., San Francisco 6, Calif. (Los .\ngeles, 
Calif.). 

50 W. 50th St., New York 20, N. Y. (Roxana, III.). 

100 Bush St., San Francisco 6, Calif. (Wilmington 
and Martinez, Calif.). 

2803 Highland Ave., Cincinnati 12, Ohio. 
153 Classon .\ve., Brooklyn 5, N. Y. 

101 Prospect Ave., Cleveland 1, Ohio (Chicago, 
III.; Newark and Gibbsboro, N. J.; Oakland and 
Los .Angeles, Calif.; Detroit, Mich.; Dallas, Tex.; 
and Dayton, Ohio). 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



159 



Table 24. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 
1947 1 — Continued . 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



SiddaU, Geo. F., Co., Inc 

Simons, Harold L., Inc 

Sinclair Refining Co 

Sinclair Rubber, Inc. (R. R.)2 

Sinclair & Valentine Co 

Sipe, James B., & Co 

Skelly Oil Co... 

Smith, Kline & French Laboratories — 

Snyder Chemical Corp 

Soluol Chemical Co., Inc 

Solvent Chemical Co., Inc 

Sonoco Products Co 

Southern California Gas Co. (R. R.)*-.. 

Southern Dyestuff Corp 

Southern Sizing Co 

Southern Textile Chemical Corp 

Spaulding Fibre Co., Inc 

Special Chemicals Co 

Spioer-Gerhart Corp 

Springfield Gas Light Co 

Squibb, E. R., & Sons --. 

Staley, A. E., Manufacturing Co 

Stanco, Inc 

Standard Agricultural Chemicals, Inc. 
Standard Brands, Inc 

Standard Chemical Co 

Standard Chemical Products, Inc 

Standard Chlorine Chemical Co 

Standard Naphthalene Products Co — 
Standard Oil Co. of California 

Standard Oil Co. of California (R. R.)2 

Standard Oil Co. of Indiana 

Standard Oil Co. of N. J. (Louisiana 
Division). 

Standard Ultramarine Co 

Standard Varnish Works 

Stange, Wm. J., Co 

Stanton Laboratories, Inc 

Staufifer Chemical Co., Inc 



Sterling Drug, Inc. : 
Bayer Co. Division _ 



Hilton-Davis Chemical Co. Division.. 

Stearns, Frederick, & Co. Division.. . 

Stresen-Reuter, F. A., Inc 

Summit Chemical Products Corp 

Sun Chemical Corp 

Sun Chemical Corp.: 

Electro Technical Products Division. 

Warwick Chemical Co., Division 

Sun Oil Co 



Sun Oil Co. (R. R.)2 

Synthetical Laboratories - 
Synthetic Chemicals, Inc. 

Synthetic Products Co 

Synvar Corp 

Tar Distilling Co., Inc.. 



487 Taylor Fibre Co 

488 Tennessee Eastman Corp. 
See footnotes at end of table. 



P. O. Box 975, Providence 1, R. I. (Cranston, R. I., 

and Spartanburg, S. C). 
11-25 44th Rd., Long Island City 1, N. Y. 
630 5th Ave., New York 20, N. Y. (Marcus Hook, 

Pa.). 
P. O. Box 2584, Houston 1, Tex. 
611 W. 129th St., New York 27, N. Y. 
P. O. Box 8010, S. Hills Branch, Pittsburgh 16, Pa. 

(Bridgeville, Pa.). 
P. O. Box 1650, Tulsa 2, Okla. (Eunice, N. Mex.) . 
429 Arch St., PhUadelphia 5, Pa. 
Bethel, Conn. 

Green Hill and Market Sts., Natick, R. I. 
341 Commercial St., Maiden 48, Mass. 
Hartsville, S. C. 
P. O. Box 3249, Terminal Annex, Los Angeles 54, 

Calif. 
P. O. Box 1045, Charlotte 1, N. C. (Sodyeco, N. C.) . 
601 Campbell St., East Point, Ga. 
1412 Broadway, New York 18, N. Y. (Clearwater, 

S C ). 
Slo'Wheeler St., Tonawanda, N. Y. 
1545 E. 18th St., Cleveland 14, Ohio. 
First Trust Bldg., Pasadena 1, Calif. (Sunland, 

Calif.). 
35 State St., Springfield 2, Mass. 
32-14 Northern Blvd., Long Island City 1, N. Y. 

(New Brunswick, N. J.). 
Eldorado and 22d Sts., Decatur 60, 111. 
216 W. 14th St., New York 11, N. Y. (Bayway, 

N. J.). 
1301 Jefferson St., Hoboken, N. J. 
595 Madison Ave., New York 22, N. Y. (Peekskill, 

N. Y.). 
217-219 New St., Philadelphia 6, Pa. 
1301 Jefferson St., Hoboken, N. J. 
115 Jacobus Ave., South Kearny, N. J. 
115 Jacobus Ave., South Kearny, N. J. 
225 Bush St., San Francisco 20, Calif. (Richmond 

and El Segundo, Calif.). 
225 Bush St., San Francisco 20, Calif. (El Segundo, 

CaUf.). 
910 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago 80, 111. (Whiting, 

Ind., and Wood River, lU.). 
P. O. Box 551, Baton Rouge 1, La. 

24th St. and 5th Ave., Huntington 18, W. Va. 

2600 Richmond Ter., Staten Island 3, N. Y. 

2536 W. Monroe St., Chicago 12, lU. 

227 Krams Ave., Philadelphia 27, Pa. 

420 Lexington Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Chester 
and Monongahela, Pa.; Perry, Ohio; Bentonville 
and Roanoke, Va.; Chauncey and Niagara Falls, 
N. Y.). 

170 Varick St., New York 13, N. Y. (Trenton, N. J. , 

and Rensselaer, N. Y.). 
2235 Langdon Farm Rd., Cincinnati 12, Ohio. 
6533 E. Jefferson Ave., Detroit 31, Mich. 
2113 Medill Ave., Chicago 47, 111. (Bensenville, 111.) . 
Main and WiUiam Sts., BeUevUle 9, N. J. 
309 Sussex St., Harrison, N. J. 

100 6th Ave., New York 13, N. Y. (Nutley 10, 

N. J.). 
100 Pulaski St., West Warwick, R. I. 
1608 Walnut St., Philadelphia 3, Pa. (Marcus Hook , 

Pa.). 
1608 Walnut St., Philadelphia 3, Pa. (Toledo, Ohio) . 
5556 Ardmore Ave., Chicago 30, lU. 
335 McLean Blvd., Paterson 4, N. J. 
1798 London Rd., Cleveland 12, Ohio. 
415 E. Front St., Wilmington 99, Del. 
500 5th Ave., New York 18, N. Y. (Cleveland, 

Ohio). 
P. O. Box 471, Norristown, Pa. (Betzwood, Pa.). 
Horse Creek Rd., Kingsport, Tenn. 



160 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 24. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 
1947 1— Continued 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



Tennessee Products & Chemical Corp. 



Texas Co 

Thomas Chemicals, Inc 

Thomasset Colors, Inc 

Thompson, Wm. T., Co..- 

Treyz, Geo. I., Co 

Tri-mer Chemical Co., Inc. 



Trojan Powder Co 

Trubek Laboratories 

Uhhch, Paul, & Co., Inc. 



Ultra Chemical Works, Inc 

Union Bay State Chemical Co., Inc 

Union Carbide & Carbon Corp., Halo- 
wax Products Division. 
Union Oil Co. of California 



U. S. Finishing Co., Inc 

U. S. Industrial Chemicals, Inc. 



U. S. Oil Co 



U. S. Procaine Co., Inc 

U. S. Rubber Co., Naugatuck Chemical 

Di\Tsion. 
U. S. Rubber Co. (R. R.)2 



U. S. Vanadium Corp., Niacet Chem 

icals Division. 
Universal Synthetics, Inc 

Upjohn Co 

Valentine & Co., Inc 

Valite Corp 

Valley Color & Chemical Co 

Van Ameringen-Haebler, Inc 

Van Camp Laboratories 

Van Dyk & Co., Inc 

Van Schaack Chemical Works, Inc 

Varcum Chemical Corp .. 

Velsicol Corp 

Verley Chemical Co., Inc 

Verona Chemical Co 

Victor Chemical Works 

Virginia Smelting Co 

Vitamins, Inc 

Vita- Var Corp 

Wahca Chemical Corp 

Wallace & Tiernan Products, Inc 

Warner-Jenkin.son Manufacturing Co. 

Washburn, T. F., Co 

Watertown Manufacturing Co 

Watson-Park Co 

Werner Drug & Chemical Co 

Western Condensing Co 

Western Dry Color Co 

Westinghouse Electric Corp 

Westvaco Chlorine Products Corp 

West ville Laboratories 

Westwell Chemical Co 

Wetherill, Geo. D., Varnish Co 

Wheeler, Reynolds & Stauffer 

White & Bagley Co... 

White & Hodges, Inc 

Whittemore-Wright Co., Inc 

Wilmot & Cassidy, Inc 

Wilson Laboratories 



See footnotes at end of table. 



404 American National Bank Bldg., Nashville 3 
Tenn. (Chattanooga, Tenn.). 

P. O. Box 2332, Houston 1, Tex. 

Green and Leuning Sts., South Hackensack, N. J. 

338 Wilson Ave., Newark 5, N. J. 

2727 Hyperion Ave., Los Angeles 27, Calif. 

Cooks Falls, N. Y. (Horton, N. Y.). 

18 Elmcroft Rd., Stamford, Conn. (Springdale, 

Conn.). 
17 N. 7th St., Allentown, Pa. (Seiple, Pa.). 
State Highway #17, East Rutherford, N. J. 
90 West St., New York 6, N. Y. (Brooklyn 16 

N. Y.). 
2 Wood St., Paterson 4, N. J. 
50 Harvard St., Cambridge 42, Ma.ss. 
30 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (Wyandotte, 

Mich.). 
617 W. 7th St., Los Angeles 14, Calif. (WUmington, 

Calif.). 
5th St., Norwich, Conn. (Providence, R. I.). 
60 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (New Orleans, 

La.; Pensacola, Fla.; Newark, N. J.; and Balti- 
more, Md.). 
P. O. Box 1345, Providence, R. I. (Phillipsdale. 

R. I.). 
2921 Atlantic Ave., Brooklyn 7, N. Y. 
1230 6th Ave., New York 20, N. Y. (Naugatuck, 

Conn.). 
1230 6th Ave., New York 20, N. Y. (Institute, 

W. Va.; Naugatuck, Conn.; Torrance, Calif.; 

and Borger, Tex.). 
30 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (Niagara Falls, 

N. Y.). 
100 W. 42d St., New York 18, N. Y. (Brooklyn 18. 

N. Y.). 
301 Henrietta St., Kalamazoo 99, Mich. 
11 E. 36th St., New York 16, N. Y. (Brooklyn 11, 

N. Y.). 
726 Whitney Bldg., New Orleans 12, La. (Lock- 
port, La.). 
78 Wheeler Point Rd., Newark, N. J. 
315 4th Ave., New York 10, N. Y. (Elizabeth, N. J.). 
772 Tuna St., Terminal Island, Calif. 
Main and William Sts., Belleville 9, N. J. 
3430 Henderson St., Chicago 18, HI. 
P. O. Box 476, Niagara Falls, N. Y. 
330 E. Grand Ave., Chicago 11, 111. (Los Alamitos, 

Calif., and Marshall, 111.). 
100 Main St., Belleville 9, N. J. 
26 Verona Ave., Newark 4, N. J. 
141 W. Jackson Blvd., Chicago 4, lU. 
Jefferson St. and 3d Ave., West Norfolk, Va. 
809 W. 58th St., Chicago 21, 111. 
1180 Raymond Blvd., Newark 2, N. J. 
338 Wilson Ave., Newark 5, N. J. 

1 Mill St., Belleville 9, N. J. 
2526 Baldwin St., St. Louis 6, Mo. 
2244 Elston Ave., Chicago 14, 111. 

127 Echo Lake Rd., Watertown, Conn. 

261 Franklin St., Boston 10, Mass. (Andover, 

]Vla,ss ) 
914 Race St., Cincinnati 2, Ohio. 
935 E. John St., Appleton, Wis. (Adell, Wis.). 
600 W. 52d St., Chicago 9, lU. 
306 4th Ave., Pittsburgh 30, Pa. 

405 Lexington Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (South 
Charleston, W. Va.; Newark, Calif.; and Carteret, 
N. J.). 

Monroe, Conn. 

1234 Santa Gertrude Ave., Whittier, Calif. 
Haddon Ave. and White Horse Pike, Camden, N. J. 
636 California St., San Francisco 8, Calif. (Rich- 
mond, Calif.). 
100 Foster St., Worcester 8, Mass. 

2 Wellington Ave., Everett, Mass. 
62 Alford St., Charlestown 29, Mass. 
108 Provost St., Brooklyn 22, N. Y. 
4221 S. Western Ave., Chicago 9, 111. 



SYNTHETIC OKGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



161 



Table 24. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 
1947 1— Continued 



No. 


Name of company 


OfBce address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 


547 




170 Varick St., New York 13, N. Y. (Rensselaer, 


548 




N. Y.). 
295 Madison Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Brooklyn, 


549 


Witte John H., & Sons 


N. Y.). 
206 Jefferson St., Burlington, Iowa. 


550 




1200 Harrison Ave., Kearny, N. J. 


551 
552 


Wolff- Alport Chemical Corp 


1127 Irving Ave., Brooklyn 27, N. Y. 
1609 Biddle Ave., Wyandotte, Mich. 


553 




1600 -Arch St., Philadelphia 3, Pa. (West Chester, 


554 




Pa.). 
2701-2733 Boston St., Baltimore 24, Md. 


555 




Hastings on Hudson, N. Y. 


556 


Zurn 0. F., Co . . . - 


2736 N. Broad St., Philadelphia 32, Pa. 


557 




108 W. 2d St., Los Angeles, CaUf. 


558 




26 Broadway, New York, N. Y. 









' See end of table for companies whose schedules were received too late for the companies to be in- 
cluded in proper alphabetical order. 

2 R. R. in parentheses following the name of a company indicates U. S. Government plant operated 
by Rubber Reserve Company. 



APPENDIX 

A. Imports of Coal-Tar Intermediat-es and Finished Products 

Statistics of United States imports of coal-tar products entered under 
paragraphs 27 and 28 of the Tariff Act of 1930 are given, for the period 
1945-47, in table 25. The data were obtained by analyzing invoices 
covering imports through all United States customs districts and are 
given in detail in a separate report.^ 

In 1947, imports of coal-tar intermediates entered under paragraph 

27 totaled 2.6 million pounds, with a foreign invoice value of $530,000, 
compared with 3.1 milUon pounds, valued at $437,000, in 1946, and 
703,000 pounds, valued at $215,000, in 1945. Australia and Canada 
were the principal United States suppliers in 1947; smaller quantities 
also came from the United Kingdom and Switzerland. The most im- 
portant intermediates imported in 1947, in terms of quantity, were 
monomeric styrene, dimethylaniline and phthalic anhydride, o-cresol, 
and naphthalene. Monomeric styrene, used in the manufacture of syn- 
thetic rubber, came from Canada. Dimethylaniline and phthalic an- 
hydride, used in synthetic resins, plasticizers, and dyestuffs, came al- 
most entirely from Australia and o-cresol, for the plastics industry, came 
from the United Kingdom, Canada, and Australia. Naphthalene, used 
as a moth repellent and in the manufacture of phthalic anhydride, came 
from Switzerland and Australia. 

Imports in 1947 of finished coal-tar products entered under paragraph 

28 consisted of dyes, medicinals and pharmaceuticals, flavor and per- 
fume materials, and miscellaneous finished coal-tar products. These 
comprised 454 items with an aggregate weight of 979,000 pounds; im- 
ports were valued at 2.3 million dollars, compared with 1.4 milHon 
pounds, valued at 2.6 million dollars, in 1946, and 27.1 million pounds, 
valued at 4.9 million dollars, in 1945. The unit foreign invoice value of 
imports under this paragraph in 1947 was $1.60 per pound, compared 
with $1.31 in 1946, and 18 cents in 1945. This marked increase in unit 
value resulted primarily from the cessation of imports of military ex- 
plosives, which accounted for about two-thirds of the total value of im- 
ports in 1945. 



1 U. S. Tariff Commission, Imports of Coal-Tar Products, 194-7, [processed). 



163 



164 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 25. — Coal-tar intermediates and finished coal-tar products: United States im- 
ports for consumption, classified by uses, 1945-47 





1945 


1946 


1947 


Product 


Quantity 


Foreign 
invoice 
value 


Quantity 


Foreign 
invoice 
value 


Quantity 


Foreign 
invoice 
value 




1,000 
pounds 

703 


1,000 
dollars 

215 


1,000 
pounds 

3,121 


1,000 
dollars 

437 


1,000 
pounds 

2,643 


1,000 
dollars 

530 








27,118 


4,878 


1,430 


2,649 


979 


2,292 








1676 


1,627 


1963 


2,362 


1797 


2,026 








245 
65 
69 
2155 
82 
29 


734 
119 
151 
2332 
127 
60 


317 
20 
123 
307 
103 
33 


853 
61 
290 
677 
206 
91 


259 

21 

72 

235 

161 

24 


813 


Vat... - - 


62 




167 


Direct .. 


511 




323 




71 








26 
5 

9 

4 

26,429 


103 
1 

31 

11 

3,209 


57 
3 

32 

26 

409 


183 

1 

164 
32 
91 


19 
6 

21 

18 

143 


77 


All other . 


2 




84 




129 


All other . . . 


53 







1 "Actual" weight; the "computed" weight (corrected to the standards of strength established by 
the Secretary of the Treasury) was 1.1 million pounds in 1945, 1.6 million in 1946, and 1.3 million in 
1947. 

2 Includes rapidogen dyes. 

Source: Compiled from records of the U. S. Bureau of Customs. 



In 1947 dyes constituted by far the most important group of finished 
coal-tar products; they came almost entirely from Switzerland. Im- 
ports of dyes amounted to 2 million dollars, or 88 percent of the total 
foreign invoice value of all imports entered under paragraph 28. In 1946 
imports of dyes amounted to 2.4 million dollars, or 89 percent of the total 
value of all imports under this paragraph, and in 1945 to 1.6 million dol- 
lars, or 33 percent. Among the remaining groups of finished products, 
medicinals and pharmaceuticals ranked next to dyes in value of imports 
in 1947, but accounted for only 6 percent of the total foreign invoice 
value. The foreign invoice value of imports was $129,000, compared 
with $32,000 in 1946, and $11,000, in 1945. Much of this increase was 
due to the large quantity of sulfa drugs imported mainly from Switzer- 
land. There was a marked decline in imports of flavor and perfume ma- 
terials (aromatic chemicals) compared with previous years. In 1947 
imports, which came principally from New Zealand and Canada, were 
valued at $84,000, compared with $164,000, in 1946. Imports of all 
other finished coal-tar products likewise declined (from $91,000 in 1946 
to $53,000 in 1947). 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1947 



165 



B. Research Workers and Expenditures 

Because of their general value to the synthetic organic chemical in- 
dustry, the Tariff Commission each year collects and publishes statistics 
on the number of technically trained research workers in the industry, 
their salaries, and the cost of research. Such information is not avail- 
able elsewhere. Since many companies which produce synthetic organic 
chemicals also manufacture other products, the data are only approxi- 
mate. Where a company also produces other items, it has been neces- 
sary to distribute the research costs; at times the distribution is conse- 
quently somewhat arbitrary. Notwithstanding these limitations, the 
statistics shown in table 26 are valuable in indicating trends of research 
in the synthetic organic chemical industry. 

The number of companies reporting on research workers and expendi- 
tures in 1947 was 301, compared with 313 in 1946. As the number of 
companies reporting does not represent all the companies conducting 
research on synthetic organic chemicals, this decline is probably with- 
out significance. It is believed, however, that the data here reported 
cover 80 to 85 percent of the total expenditures of the industry for re- 
search activities. 

Table 26. — Synthetic organic chemical industry: Number of research workers, salaries 
paid research workers, and cost of research, 1941-47 





Companies 
reporting 


Technically 

trained 

research 

workers i 


Salaries 

paid 
research 
workers 


Total reported cost of research 


Year 


Within the plant 


Outside 
the 




Gross 


Net 2 


plant 


1941 


Number 

153 
183 
236 
272 
274 
313 
301 


Number 

2,957 
3,839 
5,086 
5,118 
6,219 
7,527 
8,707 


1,000 
dollars 

8,966 
11,541 
20,816 
22,428 
26,944 
35,791 
41,571 


1,000 
dollars 

18,425 
23,440 
28,723 
43,820 
55,046 
73,376 
90,640 


1,000 
dollars 

17,137 
20,768 
28,470 
40,946 
52,184 
69,412 
87,825 


1,000 
dollars 

(3) 

2,546 


1942 


1943 


1944 


1945-. 


4,023 


1946 


4 249 


1947 


4,600 







1 For the years 1941-43, a technically trained research worker was defined as a person with technical 
training engaged in research work and earning not less than $2,000 per year; beginning in 1944, the 
minimum amount of earnings was fixed at $2,500. 

f The net cost figure is obtained by deducting from gross costs the credits for salable products ob- 
tained in the course of research. 

'' Data for research outside the plant were not collected before 1944. 

For the 301 companies reporting, the number of research workers in 
1947 increased 15.7 percent over that in 1946. The average salary of 
technically trained research workers was $4,774, an increase of $24 per 
year over that in 1946. Total salaries of 41.6 milHon dollars were paid 
the 8,707 research workers in 1947, nearly 6 million dollars more than 
was paid the 7,527 research workers in 1946. The gross cost of research 
in 1947 was 90.6 million dollars, an increase of 17.3 milUon dollars over 
that of 1946. The cost of research activities outside the plant, con- 
sisting chiefly of research projects in universities, privately owned lab- 
oratories, and consulting services (not included in the above figures), 
was reported to be 4.6 million dollars; this figure, however, probably 
covers less than 80 percent of this type of research activity. 

iz U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTrNG OFFICE: 1949—828103 



OTHER RECENT REPORTS OF THE 
UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TRADE PROBLEMS OF THE AMERICAN REPUBLICS 
Economic Controls and Commercial Policy 



* Argentina 
Bolivia, 100 

♦Brazil 
Chile 

*Colonibia 



Costa Rica 
Cuba, 150 
Dominican Re- 
public, 150 
Ecuador, 100 



El Salvador, 150 
Guatemala, 100 
Haiti, 100 
Honduras, 100 
Mexico, 150 



Nicaragua, 100 
Panama, 100 
Paraguay 

*Peru 

*Uruguay 

♦Venezuela 



Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 



Mining and Manufacturing Industries 



Costa Rica 
Cuba, 200 
Dominican Re- 
public, 150 
Ecuador 



Haiti 

Mexico, 250 
Nicaragua, 100 
Panama 



Paraguay, 100 
Peru 
Uruguay 
Venezuela 



Agricultural, Pastoral, and Forest Industries 



Argentina, 250 
Brazil, 200 



Chile 
Colombia 



Cuba, 200 
Mexico, 250 



Venezuela 



Chile 



Recent Developments in Foreign Trade 
Colombia, 200 Venezuela 



Note— The reports preceded by an asterisk (*) are in press. Those followed by a price may 
be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Cov«rnment Printing Office, 
Washington 25, D. C. See inside firont cover for list of additional reports. These and other 
reports issued by the U. S. TarifiF Commission may also be consulted in the official depository 
libraries throughout the United States. 



JSy sco.»r» I vv 




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istrative law as it is created from day to day by Federal 
executive agencies. Tliis official publication contains 
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tice Social Security 

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Labor Relations Wages and Hours 



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