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Full text of "Synthetic organic chemicals : United States production and sales"

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Given By 
U. S. SUPT. OF DOCITMENTS 



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UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

United States Production 
and Sales, 1948 



[GPO CI. No. • Report No. 164 

TC 1.9:1641 Seeond Series 





^l^r!.?,un';^^'-'C LIBRARY 

, JSifiiiiiii 

3 9999 06317 301 5 



RECENT REPORTS OF THE UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



SECOND SERIES 

No. 160. Operation of the Trade Agreements Program, June 1934 to April 1948 
Part I. Summary, 200 

Part II. History of the Trade Agreements Program, 250 
Part III. Trade- Agreement Concessions Granted by the United 

States, 350 
Part IV. Trade-Agreement Concessions Obtained by the United 

States, 250 
Part V. Eflfects of the Trade Agreements Program on United 
States Trade, 150 
No. 161. The Import Quota on Long- Staple Cotton (1948), 250 
No. 162. Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Productitm and Sales, 

1947,450 
*No. 163. Operation of the Trade Agreements Program, Second Report, May 
1948-April 1949 



WAR CHANGES IN INDUSTRY SERIES 

Raw Wool No. 15. Iron and Steel, 300 

Industrial Alcohol No. 16. Potatoes, 150 

United States Stock-Pile Wools No. 17. Petroleum, 300 

Mercury No. 18. Edible Tree Nuts, 200 

Dehydrated Vegetables No. 19. Dyes, 250 

Rubber, 200 No. 20. Watches, 400 

Pottery Tableware No. 21. Mica, 250 

Red Cedar Shingles No. 22. Newsprint, 150 

Sheet (Window) Glass No. 23. China Clay or Kaolin, 250 

Magnesium No. 24. Grapes and Grape Products, 

Cigarette Paper, 100 200 

Refractory Magnesia (Magne- No. 25. Softwood Lumber, 250 

site), 150 No. 26. Burlap, 200 

Hides and Skins and Leather, No. 27. Cotton Cloth, 400 

250 No. 28. Plastics Products, 250 

Aluminum, 250 No. 29. Woolens and Worsteds, 300 



MISCELLANEOUS REPORTS 

United States Import Duties (1948), $2 
•Thirty-third Annual Report of the United States Tariflf Commission (1949) 



/Vofe.-^Thc reports preceded by an asterisk (*) are in press. Those followed by a price may be 
purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Ofl&ce, 
Washin^iton 25, D. C. See inside back cover for list of additional reports. These and other 
reports issued by the United States Tariff Commission may also be consulted in the official 
depository libraries throughout the United States. 



No. 


1. 


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2. 


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VIVITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



United States Production 
and Sales, 1948 



UNDER THE GENERAL PROVISIONS 
OF TITLE III, PART II, SECTION 332 
OF THE TARIFF ACT OF 1930 



UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON : 1949 



Report No. 164 • Second Series 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Oscar B. Ryder, Chairman 

Lynn R. Edminster, Vice Chairman 

Edgar B. Brossard 

E. Dana Durand 

John P. Gregg 

George McGill 

Sidney Morgan, Secretary 



Address all communications 

UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

WASHINGTON 25, D. C. 



ACKNOWLEDGMENT 

In the preparation of this report, the Commission had the services of 

James H. Hibben, Henry O. Parsons, H. Deborah Keister, 

Pauline Eno, and others of its staff 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office 
Washington 25, D. C. • Price 40 cents 
II 



CONTENTS 

Page 

Introduction v 

Summary vii 

PART I. PRODUCTION AND SALES OF TARS, TAR CRUDES, 
AND CRUDES DERIVED FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL 
GAS 

Tars 1 

Tar crudes 2 

Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion __ 5 

PART II. PRODUCTION AND SALES OF INTERMEDIATES 
AND FINISHED SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, BY 
GROUPS 

General 9 

Intermediates 13 

Dyes 17 

Lakes and toners 30 

Medicinals 35 

Flavor and perfume materials 39 

Plastics and resin materials 41 

Rubber-processing chemicals 46 

Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) 47 

Plasticizers 48 

Surface-active agents 50 

Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals 52 

PART III. ALPHABETICAL LIST OF INDIVIDUAL PRODUCTS, 
BY GROUPS, AND NAMES OF MANUFACTURERS 

Tar crudes 57 

Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion. _ 58 

Intermediates 60 

Dyes 75 

Lakes and toners 92 

Medicinals 98 

Flavor and perfume materials 108 

Plastics and resin materials 113 

Rubber-processing chemicals 117 

Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) 119 

Plasticizers 120 

Surface-active agents 122 

Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals 127 

Directory of manufacturers 142 

APPENDIX 

A. United States imports of coal-tar intermediates and finished products. 157 

B. Research workers and expenditures in the industry 158 

C. Glossary of synonymous names of cyclic intermediates 159 

m 



INTRODUCTION 

This is the thirty-second report issued by the United States Tariff 
Commission on the annual production and sales in the United States 
of synthetic organic chemicals and the raw materials from which they 
are made. The report gives statistics on the production and sales in 
1948 of crude organic chemicals derived from coal, natural gas, and 
petroleum; intermediates; and finished chemical products. Finished 
products are grouped according to their principal use^ — ^dyes, lakes 
and toners, medicinals, flavor and perfume materials, plastics and 
resin materials, rubber-processing chemicals, elastomers, plasticizers, 
surface-active agents, and miscellaneous chemicals. This classifica- 
tion of chemicals is based on the system used in group 19 of the Stand- 
ard Commodity Classification.^ Not covered in this report are 
organic chemicals (such as wood-distillation products, essential oils, 
and alkaloids) that are derived from natural (vegetable) sources by 
simple extraction or distillation. The statistics were compiled from 
information supplied by about 540 producing companies, which are 
listed in part III. 

The data on production given in this report cover all the materials 
produced in the given plants — production for consumption within the 
plants as well as production for sale. Quantities reported as pro- 
duced, therefore, generally exceed quantities reported as sold although 
changes in inventory may account for some differences. No chemical 
is reported as produced, however, unless it has been withdrawn from 
the reaction system. 

Data on the chemicals considered herein are usually given in terms 
of undiluted materials; the principal exceptions are dyes and a few 
solvents, which are reported in commercial concentrations, and cer- 
tain plastics and resins, which are reported on a dry basis. Products 
for which the statistics are reported in terms of commercial concen- 
trations are specifically noted. 

As indicated in notes to the tables contained in this report, the 
statistics on sales of synthetic organic chemicals reported to the 
Tariff Commission for 1948 do not include the quantity and value of 
interplant transfers which were included in the statistics for 1947 and 
earlier years for all chemicals except tar and tar crudes. Before 1948, 
interplant transfers, depending on the chemical group, probably 
accounted for from 5 to 15 percent of the total of sales plus interplant 

' Executive Office of the President, Bureau of the Budget, Standard Commodity Classification, vol. 1, 
Tech. Paper 26, 1943. 

V 



VX INTRODUCTION 

transfers (see notes on the respective tables) . Because of this change 
in the basis of reporting, the tables which show sales for 1947 or earlier 
years and 1948 (except the tables for tar and tar crudes) do not 
include percentages of increase or decrease in sales between other 
years and 1948. 

The average unit values of sales of groups of products shown in the 
accompanying tables are weighted averages of products which vary 
widely in unit value and in the quantity sold. 

The raw materials covered in this report are obtained from coal, 
crude petroleum, natural gas, and certam other natural materials 
such as vegetable oils, fats, rosin, and grains. Thermal decomposition 
of coal yields coke-oven gas, light oil, and tar, which, in turn, yield 
coal-tar crudes and other raw materials. Crude organic chemicals 
are derived also from petroleum and natural gas by cracking and 
distillation processes, and from other natural sources by fermentation. 
Production of crude organic chemicals represents the first step in the 
manufacture of synthetic organic chemicals. From these crudes, 
intermediates are obtained by synthesis or refining; most of the inter- 
mediates are converted into finished chemical products such as medici- 
nals, plastics and resin materials, and dyes. Usually intermediates 
are not sold directly to the ultimate consumer but are used by the 
producing concerns themselves or by other industrial concerns in their 
manufacturing processes. 

Statistics on tars and tar crudes include data furnished the Commis- 
sion by distillers of coal tar, water-gas tar, and oil-gas tar, together 
with data furnished to the Coal Economics Division of the United 
States Bureau of Mines by coke-oven operators and to the American 
Gas Association by producers of water-gas and oil-gas tar. 

United States imports in 1948 of coal-tar intermediates and finished 
coal-tar products entering under paragraphs 27 and 28 of the Tariff 
Act of 1930 are given in appendix A to this report. Appendix B 
includes a table showing the number of technical research workers 
and the cost of research in the synthetic organic chemical industry. 
Appendix C consists of a glossary of the common (or trivial) names of 
coal-tar intermediates usually encountered in the trade, together with 
their equivalent standard (or Chemical Abstracts) names. 



SUMMARY 

The combined output of all synthetic organic chemicals (including 
their raw materials) in 1948 was 41.6 billion pounds, or 9.3 percent 
greater than the output in 1947 (see table 1). Since these totals 
represent several successive steps in the manufacturing process, they 
necessarily include considerable duplication. The output of tars from 
all sources in 1948 was 1,022 million gallons (10.22 billion pounds), or 
1.7 percent greater than the output reported for 1947. There was 
only a slight increase in production of tar crudes, which totaled nearly 
9.0 billion pounds, or only 56 million pounds more than in 1947. The 
output of crude products from petroleum and natural gas, however, 
reached 3.9 billion pounds in 1948, an increase of 25 percent over the 
output in 1947. 



Table 1. — Synthetic organic chemicals and their raw materials: United States 
production and sales, 194-7 and 1948 





Production 


Sales 






Quantity 


Value 


Chemical 


1947 


1948 


Increase, 
or de- 
crease 
(-).1948 
over 1947 


1947 


1948 


1947 


1948 


Grand total ' 


Million 

pounds 

.?8, 013 


Million 

pounds 

41,558 


Percent 
9.3 


Million 

pounds 

26, 451 


Million 

pounds 

24, 458 


Million 

dollars 

2,484 


Million 
dollars 
2,461 




Tar 

Tar crudes 2 . 


10,051 
8,918 

3,134 

15,910 


10, 220 
8,974 

3.914 

18, 450 


1.7 
.6 

24.9 

16.0 


6,259 
7,196 

2,998 

9,998 


5,700 
6,310 

2,978 

9,470 


45 
120 

118 

2,201 


56 
132 


Crude products from petroleum and 
natural gas - -. _ . 


123 


Synthetic organic chemicals, total-.. 


2,150 


Intermediates .. 


2,623 

212 

38 

50 

21 

1,252 

101 

1,203 

140 

29r 

9,979 


2,878 

201 

41 

44 

22 

1,485 

96 

1,173 

148 

375 

11,987 


9.7 

-5.2 

7.9 

-12.0 

4.8 

18.6 

-5.0 

-2.5 

5.7 

28.9 

20.1 


1,446 

205 

35 

42 

18 

1,135 

89 

1,259 

118 

234 

5,417 


1,136 

187 

34 

38 

19 

1,244 

72 

1,044 

117 

275 

5,304 


189 
148 

38 
233 

26 
431 

43 
262 

46 

61 
724 


182 


Dyes 

Lakes and toners . . . . . 


164 
39 


Medicinals.- ._ 


248 


Flavor and perfume materials 

Plastics and resin materials 

Rubber-processing chemicals 

Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) _ 

Plasticizers 

Surface-active agents. . 


27 
372 

36 
237 

47 

88 


Miscellaneous chemicals 


710 







1 This total involves much duplication. 

2 Excludes products derived from petroleum. 

Note. — The statistics on sales of synthetic organic chemicals and some of their raw materials in 1948 do not 
include the quantity and value of interplant transfers as the statistics for 1947 and earlier years did. There- 
fore, the sales statistics given in this report are not strictly comparable with the sales statistics given in the 
earlier reports. For this reason, columns showing percentage increases or decreases for sales are not given in 
this table. 



VIII SUMMARY 

Production of all synthetic organic chemicals alone in 1948 was 18.4 
billion pounds (a total also involving duplication), or 16 percent more 
than the 15.9 billion pounds reported for 1947. The following in- 
creases in output in 1948 compared with 1947 were reported for 
individual groups of synthetic organic chemicals: Intermediates (255 
million pounds, or 9.7 percent) ; plastics and synthetic resins (233 
million, or 18.6 percent); surface-active agents (84 million, or 28.9 
percent); plasticizers (8 million, or 5.7 percent); lakes and toners 
(3 million, or 7.9 percent); flavor and perfume materials (1 million, or 
4.8 percent); and miscellaneous chemicals (2 billion, or 20.1 percent). 
On the other hand, the following decreases were reported for other 
groups: Elastomers (30 million pounds, or 2.5 percent); dyes (11 
million, or 5.2 percent); medicinals (6 million, or 12.0 percent); and 
rubber-processing chemicals (5 million, or 5.0 percent). 



PART I. PRODUCTION AND SALES OF TARS, TAR CRUDES, AND 
CRUDES DERIVED FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS 

Tars 

Coal tar is produced chiefly by the steel industry as a byproduct 
in the manufacture of coke. Water-gas tar and oil-gas tar are by- 
products of the fuel-gas industry. Production of coal tar, therefore, 
reflects the demand for steel; production of water-gas and oil-gas 
tar reflects the consumption of manufactured gas for industrial and 
household use. Water-gas and oil-gas tar have properties interme- 
diate between those of petroleum asphalts and coal tar; petroleum 
asphalts are not considered raw materials for chemicals in this report. 

Table 2. — Tar: United States production and consumption, 1947 and 1948 

[Tn thousands of gallons] 



Product 



PRODUCTION 
Total 

Water-gas and oil-gas tar • 

Coal tar,2 total 

Coal tar from coke-oven byproduct plants, total 

Plants not owned by city gas companies 

Plants owned by city gas companies (public utilities) 

Coal tar from coal-tar retort plants 

Low- and medium-temperature carbonization tar 

CONSUMPTION 
Total 

Tar consumed by distillation, total 

Water-gas and oil-gas tar distilled by producers and tar distillers ' 

Coal tar distilled or topped by coke-oven operators 2 

Coal tar distilled by tar distillers < 

Tar consumed chiefly as fuel, total 

Water-gas and oil-gas tar consumed as fuel s 

Coal tar sold or consumed as fuel by coke-oven operators 2 

As fuel under boilers 

In open-hearth or affiliated plants ^ 

Sold as fuel by coke-oven operators to affiliates 

Sold as fuel by coke-oven operators to others 

Tar consumed otherwise than by distillation or as fuel, total ._ 

Coal tar from retort plants sold for consumption 2 

Coal tar consumed at coke-oven plants for roads and upkeep 2 

Coal tar, water-gas tar, and oil-gas tar processed at tar refineries, crude tar con- 
sumed for upkeep at such refineries, and tar consumed in making gas and in 
road-tar blends 



1, 005, 139 



251,800 
753, 339 



736, 175 
695, 892 
40, 283 
14, 996 
2,168 



914, 388 



43, 779 
200, 474 
368, 478 

226, 983 



73, 360 
153, 623 
866 
120, 682 
19,843 
12, 232 



15, 402 
2,230 



1, 022, 090 



269, 030 
753, 060 



738, 755 

698, 812 

39, 943 

12. .383 

1,922 



910, 324 



586, 480 



48,911 
194, 235 
343, 334 

256, 456 



84. 058 
172, 398 
1,439 
136. 282 
27, 613 
7,064 

67, 388 



12, 009 
2,342 



53, 037 



' Reported to the American Gas Association. 

' Reported to the U. S. Bureau of Mines, Department of the Interior. 

' Reported to the U. S. Tariff Commission. 

* Represents coal tar distilled from coke- and gas-retort oven plants and distilled by chemical companies 
operating tar-distillation plants as reported to the U. S. Tariff Commission. Includes tar purchased and 
distilled by corporations affiliated with coke-oven plants. 

» Reported to the American Gas Association and to the U. S. Tariff Commission. 



2 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

The quantity of tar recovered from all sources in 1948 was 1,022 
million gallons, the largest output of tar on record and 1.7 percent 
over the output in 1947. Of the total quantity of tar produced in 
1948, about 753 million gallons was coal tar and 269 million gallons 
was water-gas and oil-gas tar (see table 2). The corresponding 
figures for 1947 are 753 million gallons of coal tar and 252 million 
gallons of water-gas and oil-gas tar. The increase in tar output in 
1948 was due to increased consumption of manufactured gas. 

Of the total consumption of tar in 1948 (910 million gallons), almost 
587 million gallons was consumed b}^ distillation, 256 million gallons 
was used as fuel, and 67 million gallons was consumed in miscellaneous 
uses (as in refinery upkeep and in making road-tar blends). The 
quantity of tar distilled in 1948 was 26 million gallons less than in 1947 
and the quantity consumed as fuel 30 million gallons greater than in 
1947. Most of the decline in coal-tar distillation was reported by tar 
distillers (343 million gallons in 1948 compared with 368 million in 
1947) ; a decrease was reported also by coke-oven operators (194 million 
gallons in 1948 compared with 200 million in 1947). Tar sold or con- 
sumed by coke-oven operators in 1948 increased to 172 million gal- 
lons compared with 154 million in 194 7. Sales of all tars in 1948 totaled 
570 million gallons, valued at 56 million dollars. 

Tar Crudes 

The principal tar crudes derived from coke-oven gas and tar are 
benzene, toluene, xylene, naphthalene, and creosote oil, although 
pitch of tar (a tar residue), road tar, and other crude tar products also 
have important uses. Detailed statistics on production and sales of 
tar crudes and residual tar products are shown in tables 3 and 4A.^ 

Production of benezene (excluding motor benzene) in 1948 amounted 
to 174 million gallons, the second largest output on record, and only 
slightly under the peak production of 178 million gallons in 1944. 
Sales totaled 156 million gallons, valued at 30 million dollars. Pro- 
duction of motor benzene, about 10.5 million gallons, was the lowest 
on record. During and since the war the better grades of benzene 
have been in great demand for the manufacture of styrene (used in 
synthetic rubber and plastics materials), dyes, intermediates, and 
phenol. Before 1948 production of benzene from petroleum sources 
was very small, but in 1948 it was substantial. 

Production of toluene in 1948 (more than half from petroleum 
sources) amounted to 83 million gallons— the largest peacetime output 
ever recorded. This increase was due almost entirely to the expanded 
output of toluene from petroleum (50 million gallons in 1948 compared 
with 27 million in 1947). Sales of toluene from all sources in 1948 

' See also table 4B, part III, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufacturers. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 19 48 3 

totaled 76 million gallons, valued at 17 million dollars, compared with 
63 million gallons, valued at 12 million dollars in 1947; the larger value 
reflected also a considerable increase in average value per gallon. 

Table 3. — Tar and tar crudes: Sumynary of production and sales of specified 
products, average, 1942-46, annual, 1947 and 194S 



Chemical ' 


Unit of quantity 


Average, 
1942-46 


1947 


Increase, or 
decrease 
(-), 1947 

over 1942-46 


1948 


Increase, or 
decrease 
(-), 1948 
over 1947 


Tar: Production 3 


1,000 gal 


913, 333 

139, 653 

128, 551 

16, 970 

38,783 
37, 897 
3,624 

88, 008 
83,541 
25, 407 

« 44, 852 
5 44, 771 
5 6, 968 

274, 469 

227, 649 

5,642 

161, 271 
158, 429 
21,832 


1, 005, 139 

167, 652 
150, 605 
24, 800 

19, 703 
19, 837 
2,315 

60, 740 
63,444 
11,901 

41, 353 

44, 182 

9,364 

314, 721 

264,483 

9,735 

159, 480 
160, 511 
27, 350 


Percent 
10.1 

20.0 
17.2 
46.1 

-49.2 
-47.7 
-36.1 

-31.0 
-24.1 
-53.2 

-7.8 
-1.3 
34.4 

14.7 
16.2 
72.5 

-1.1 

1.3 

25.3 


1, 022, 090 

173, 860 
156, 152 
30, 349 

10, 514 

10, 052 

1,382 

83, 463 
75, 545 
17, 205 

61, 070 

43, 499 

8,671 

327, 556 

248, 008 

13, 439 

144, 931 
129, 186 
24, 216 


Percent 

1 7 


Benzene: 
Production ... 


1,000 gal 


3 7 


Sales 


1,000 gal 


3 7 


Sales value 


1,000 dol 


22 4 


Motor benzene: 3 
Production 


1,000 gal _ 


—46.6 


Sales 


1,000 gal 


—49 3 


Sales value 


1,000 dol 


—40 3 


Toluene: < 
Production.. 


1,000 gal 


37 4 


Sales 


1,000 gal 


19 1 


Sales value 


1,000 dol 


44 6 


Xylene: 
Production 


1,000 gal 


47.7 


Sales 


1,000 gal . . 


—1.6 


Sales value 


1,000 dol 


—7.4 


Naphthalene: 
Production 


1,0001b 


4.1 


Sales 


1,000 lb 


—6.2 


Sales value 


1,000 dol - 


38.0 


Creosote oil; 
Production 


1,000 gal . 


-9.1 


Sales 


1,000 gal 


—19.5 


Sales value. 


1,000 dol 


-11.5 









• For detailed explanation of statistics shown in this table, see table 4A. 
2 Includes production of water-gas and oil-gas tars reported to the American Gas Association. 
8 Partly estimated. 

< Includes statistics for all grades of toluene derived from coal tar and petroleum, except that produced in 
Government plants under the ordnance program during the war. 
' 2-year average, 1945-46. 

Note. — The statistics on sales of tar and tar crudes for 1948 shown above are comparable with the statistics 
on sales of such products given in 1947 and earlier years. As regards the comparability of the sales data, 
therefore, this table differs from most of the other tables given in the report. 

Table 4 A. — Organic chemicals:^ United States production and sales of tar crudes, 1948 

[Listed below are all tar crudes for which any reported data on production or sales may be pub- 
lished. (Leaders are used where the reported data are confidential and may not be published.) Table 4B 
in part III lists separately all products for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies 
the manufacturers reporting to the U. S. Tariff Commission] 



Product 



Crude light oil 

Light-oil distillates: 

Benzene, motor grade: 

Tar distillers ^ 

Coke-oven operators 

Benzene, all other grades: 

Tar distillers « 

Coke-oven operators 

Toluene, all grades: 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

See footnotes at end of table, p. 4. 



Unit of 
quantity 



1,000 gal 

1,000 gal 
1,000 gal 

1,000 gal 
1,000 gal 

1,000 gal 
1,000 gal 
1,000 gal 



Pro- 
duc- 
tion 



267, 204 



1,500 
9,014 

23,861 
149, 999 

5,450 
28,448 
49, 565 



Sales 



Quan- 
tity 



26, 010 



1,500 
8,552 

7,028 
149, 124 

5,444 
28,482 
41,619 



Value 



1,000 

dollars 

2,878 



210 
1,172 

1,591 

28, 758 

1,469 

6,826 
8.910 



Unit 
value 2 



.14 

.14 

.23 
.19 

.27 
.24 
.22 



4 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 4A. — Organic chemicals:^ United States production and sales of tar crudes, 

1948 — Continued 



Product 



Light-oil distillates — Continued 
Xylene: 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

Solvent naphtha: 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators 

All other light-oil distillates: 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators. 

Pyridine: Crude and semiref5ned ^ 

Naphthalene, crude (solidifyingatless than 79° C.):^ 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators 

Crude tar-acid oils ' 

Cresylic acid, crude * 

Creosote oil (Dead oil):' 
Tar distillers: 

Sold or consumed as such 

Sold or consumed in coal-tar solution 

Coke-oven operators: 

Distillate as such-__ 

In coal-tar solution 

Coal tar sold or consumed in coal-tar solution i" 

All other distillate products " 

Tar, road 

Tar (crude and refined), for other uses '^ 

Pitch of tar: 

Soft '3 

Medium » 

Hard is _._ 

Another" 

Pitch of tar coke 



Unit of 
quantity 



1,000 gaL - 
l,000gal - 
1,000 gaL. 

1,000 gal.. 
1,000 gal.. 

1,000 gal.. 
1,000 gal.. 
1,000 gal- 

1,000 lb... 
1,000 lb... 
1,000 gal.. 
1,000 1b... 

1,000 gal.. 
1,000 gal.. 

1,000 gal.. 
1,000 gal.. 
1,000 gal . 
1,000 gal.. 
1,000 gal.. 
1,000 gal.. 

1,000 tons 
1,000 tons 
1,000 tons 
1,000 tons 
1,000 tons 



Pro- 
duc- 
tion 



707 

7,285 

53, 078 

9,257 
5,743 

10, 066 

8,062 

417 

221,739 

105,817 
19,671 

28, 801 



90, 650 
19, 296 

24, 452 
10, 533 
10, 024 
23,624 
129, 655 
21,467 

357 

336 

994 

24 

65 



Sales 



Quan- 
tity 



568 

7,266 

35, 665 



5,459 

9,956 

5,526 

384 

145, 181 

102, 827 

15,471 



75, 546 
20, 602 

23,574 
9,464 
10, 079 
22, 571 
111,715 
21, 728 



300 

407 
16 
55 



Value 



1.000 

dollnrs 

164 

1,816 

6,691 



958 

2,015 
632 
392 



4,546 
4,673 



14, 440 
3,868 

4,264 
1,644 
1,322 
3,577 
15,220 
3,199 



10, 572 

441 

1,368 



Unit 
value 2 



0.29 
.25 
.19 



.18 

.20 

.11 

1.02 

.06 
.04 
.30 



.19 
.19 

.18 
.17 
.13 
.16 
.14 
.15 



30.30 
25.98 
27.56 
24.87 



■ Statistics for coke and gas-retort ovens reported to the Coal Economics Division, U. S. Bureau of Mine' 
and for tar refineries and others to the U. S. Tariff Commission, unless otherwise noted. 

2 Unit value per gallon, pound, or ton according to the unit of quantity shown. 

3 Estimated. 

< Includes some material produced from petroleum. 

5 Production of crude pyridine only reported to the U. S. Bureau of Mines by coke-oven operators. 

6 Statistics on naphthalene are for three grades of crude naphthalene combined to prevent the disclosure 
of the operations of individual companies. These are the grades solidifying at less than 74° C. as produced 
for sale only, and the grades solidifying at 74° C. to less than 76° C. and at 76° C. to less than 79° C, pro- 
duced both for consumption within the producing plant and for sale. As there is some conversion between 
grades, the statistics include some duplication. 

' Includes crude tar-acid oil having a tar-acid content of 5% to less than 24%, 24% to 50%, dry distilled 
acids of 100%, and all other crude tar-acid oil, reported both to the U. S. Bureau of Mines by coke-oven 
operators and to the U. S. Tariff Commission by tar distillers. 

8 Includes crude cresylic acid produced from petroleum. 

9 Includes only that distillate of tar sold or consumed for wood-preserving purposes and not the total 
distillate that could be used for creosote oil from which crude tar acids, naphthalene, anthracene, and other 
products reported under "All other distillate products" are to be e.vtracted. 

10 Reported to the U. S. Tariff Commission only. 

11 Includes pyridine, crude and semirefined, reported to the U. S. Tariff Commission. Also includes 
anthracene, sodium phenolate and carbolate, and all other distillate products reported to the Coal 
Economics Division, U. S. Bureau of Mines, and to the U. S. Tariff Commission. 

'2 Tar used or sold for paints, pipe coatings, saturating, etc. 

'3 Water softening point less than 110° F. ASTM D61-24, reported to the U. S. Bureau of Mines. 
" Water softening point 110° to 160° F., reported to the U. S. Bureau of Mines and to the U, S. Tariff 
Commission. 

15 Water softening point above 160° F., reported to the U. S. Bureau of Mines and to the U. S. Tariff 
Commission. 

16 Includes some soft pitch of tar reported to the U. S. Tariff Commission. These statistics have been 
combined to prevent the disclosure of the operations of individual producers. 

Note.— The statistics on sales of tar and tar crudes for 1948 shown above are comparable with the statistics 
on sales of such products given in 1947 and earlier years. As regards the comparability of the sales data, 
therefore, this table differs frojn most of the other tables given In the report. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS. 1948 5 

The output of xylene in 1948 (chiefly from petroleum) reached 61 
million gallons, or about 50 percent greater than the output reported for 
1947. Continued demand in 1948 for crude naphthalene — for use in 
the manufacture of phthalic anhydride, /3-naphthol, and other coal- 
tar intermediates and for use as a moth repellent — resulted in a record 
output of naphthalene of 328 million pounds, exceeding by 13 million 
pounds the previous record output in 1947. 

Creosote oil (a mixture of xylenols and cresols and their homologues, 
together with some anthracene oil and a little phenol) is used for 
preserving wood. In 1948 production of creosote oil for this purpose 
amounted to 145 million gallons, a decline of 9 percent from the 159 
million gallons reported for 1947. Sales in 1948 totaled 129 million 
gallons, valued at 24 million dollars, a decline of 20 percent in quantity 
and 12 percent in value compared with 1947. 

Production of road tar decreased sharply to 130 million gallons in 
1948 from 160 million gallons in 1947 — a decline of 19 percent. Sales 
in 1948 totaled 112 million gallons, valued at 15 million dollars. The 
output of tar pitches increased 18 percent in 1948 compared with 
1947, but the output of tar coke declined by about 36 percent. 

Some of the products covered by table 4A are derived from other 
products shown in the table; hence the statistics shown involve con- 
siderable duplication and for this reason no totals are given. By 
eliminating as much duplication as possible, the value of the total 
output of these products and of tar burned as fuel is estimated at 198 
million dollars in 1948 compared with 162 million dollars in 1947, 
117 million in 1946, and 157 million in 1945. The increase in 1948 
compared with 1947 largely reflects higher unit values rather than a 
larger quantity produced. 

Crude Products from Petroleum and Natural Gas (or Chemical Conversion 

Crude products from petroleum and natural gas are related to the 
intermediates and finished products derived from them in about the 
same manner as tar crudes are related to their intermediates and 
finished products. Some of the products obtained from petroleum 
and natural gas and from tar are identical (e. g., benzene, toluene, 
xylene, and naphthalene). Considerable duplication in the statistics 
(shown in table 5A) on total production and sales of crudes derived 
from petroleum and natural gas arises because some petroleum crudes 
are converted into other crudes and data on both are reported. 
However, the totals given in the table are considered sufficiently 
accurate to indicate trends for purposes of general comparison. 
Every effort has been made to exclude data on any of these crude 
products which are consumed chiefly as fuel, since many of them can 
be used either as a fuel or as a chemical raw material. 



6 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 5A. — Organic chemicals: United States production and sales of crude products 
from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion, 1948 

[Listed below are the crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which 
any reported data on production or sales may be published. Table 5B in part III lists separately all 
products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which data on production or sales 
were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Product 



Grand total 

AROMATICS AND NAPHTHENES i 

Total 

Naphthenic acid ' 

Toluene, all grades ^ 

Xylene, all grades * 

All other aromatics ' 

ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS 

Total 

C2 hydrocarbons: Ethylene 8_ 

Cs hydrocarbons: Propane and propylene 

C4 hydrocarbons, total 

1, 3-Butadiene, grade for rubber (Elastomers)^ 

1-Butene and 2-butene fraction « 

Another 

Cs hydrocarbons 

C8 hydrocarbons: Di-isobutylene 

All other aliphatic hydrocarbons ' 



Produc- 
tion 



IfiOO 
pounds 
3,914,307 



892, 107 



25, 420 
358, 849 
382, 696 
125, 142 



3, 022, 200 



383, 448 
713, 629 



1,656,689 



660,915 
820, 439 
175,335 

12, 971 

9,225 

246,238 



Sales 



Quantity Value Unit value 



IfiOO 
pounds 
2, 997, 630 



687, 272 



8,243 
301,319 
257, 143 
120, 567 



2,310,358 



149, 072 
497, 281 



1,413,156 



654, 613 
652, 979 
105, 564 

6,723 

8,174 

235, 952 



ucoo 

dollars 
123, 087 



25,983 



736 
8,910 
6,691 
9,646 



9,138 
8,601 



74,415 



52, 665 
18, 890 
2,860 

505 

378 

4,067 



Per pound 
$0.04 



.04 



> The chemical raw materials designated as aromatics may include some compounds identical with those 
obtained by the carbonization of coal or the processing of coal tar; those derived from coal or coal tar are, 
however, excluded from these statistics. 

2 Includes statistics for crude sodium naphthenate and for a small amount of copper naphthenate. 

3 Includes data on a 90-percent toluene basis for crude toluene concentrate from petroleum for use in 
aviation fuel. Statistics on toluene derived from coal tar are included in the section on crude chemicals from 
coal tar. United States production of toluene from all sources totaled 604,272,000 pounds (83,463,000 gallons); 
sales were 546,946,000 pounds (75,545,000 gallons), valued at $17,205,000. 

* Statistics on xylene derived from coal tar are included in the section on crude chemicals from coal tar. 
United States production of xylene from all sources totaled 440,315,000 poimds (61,070,000 gallons); sales were 
313,628,000 pounds (43,499,000 gallons), valued at $8,671,000. 

5 Includes data for alkyl aromatics, aromatic distillates and solvents, crude sodium carbolate and pheno- 
lates, and crude eresylic acid. In 1948 production of crude cresylic acid from petroleum and coal tar com- 
bined amotmted to 28,801,000 pounds. Sales statistics are confidential. 

6 Statistics on the production of relatively small amounts of ethylene from coke-oven gas and from alcohol 
are included in the section on miscellaneous chemicals. 

' Statistics represent the production of new butadiene, and exclude data for recycled material. Statistics 
represent the total quantity produced and sold both for Government account and for private account. 

* Represents butene content of crude refinery gases for use in the manufacture of butadiene. 

» Includes statistics for aliphatic solvents, ethane, hydrocarbon mixtures, isoheptenes, nonene, dodecene, 
polybutene, and other hydrocarbons. 

Note. — The statistics on sales of crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion 
in 1948 do not include the quantity and value of interplant transfers as the statistics for 1947 and earlier 
years did. Before 1948 the interplant transfers probably accounted for 10 to 20 percent of the total of sales 
plus interplant transfers. 

It should also be noted that there is considerable duplication in the totals given in the table above as the 
totals include statistics of production and sales of certain products which were derived from other products, 
statistics for which are also included. For example, most of the butadiene reported as produced or sold 
was derived from the 1-butene and 2-butene fraction. Other duplications also occur in the totals but they 
are of much smaller magnitude than the one just cited. 

Production of crudes from petroleum and natural gas in 1948 
amounted to 3.9 billion pounds (see table 5A ^), or 25 percent greater 
than the output of 3.1 billion pounds reported for 1947. Sales in 



2 See also table 5B, part III, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufacturers. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 194 8 7 

1948 totaled 3 billion pounds, valued at 123 million dollars. The 
output of the subgroup of aromatic and naphthenic products in 1948 
totaled 892 million pounds, or about 40 percent more than the output 
in 1947. Sales of these products in 1948 amounted to 687 million 
pounds, valued at 26 million dollars. The principal chemicals in this 
group for which larger production was reported for 1948 were toluene, 
which increased in output to 359 million pounds, or 161 million pounds 
larger than the 198 million pounds produced in 1947, and xylene, which 
increased to 383 million pounds, or 144 million pounds larger than the 
239 million pounds produced in 1947. Among the aliphatic hydro- 
carbons, butadiene, one of the principal components of GR-S type 
of synthetic rubber, declined in output to 661 million pounds in 1948 
compared with 696 million pounds reported for 1947. Production 
of propane and propylene (C3 hydrocarbons) amounted to 714 million 
pounds in 1948, or about 250 million pounds greater than in 1947. 
Production of ethylene (383 million pounds) w^as 12 percent greater 
in 1948 than in 1947. Ethylene is used in the manufacture of organic 
solvents, medicinals, plasticizers, and resins, statistics for which are 
given in other sections of this report. 



PART II. PRODUCTION AND SALES OF INTERMEDIATES AND 
FINISHED SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, BY GROUPS 

General 

The synthetic organic chemicals covered in this report are grouped, 
according to their principal uses, as intermediates and as finished 
products. Finished products, in turn, are grouped as dyes, lakes 
and toners, medicinals, flavor and perfume materials, plastics and 
resin materials, rubber-processing chemicals, elastomers, plasticizers, 
surface-active agents, and miscellaneous chemicals. Most of these 
groups are subdivided, according to chemical classes, into cyclic 
and acyclic compounds. This classification roughly parallels the 
distinction between chemicals of coal-tar and of non-coal-tar origin 
followed in earlier reports in this series — a distinction then made 
because synthetic organic chemicals are thus grouped for tariff pur- 
poses. However, the cyclic and acyclic classification is more accurate 
than the coal-tar and non-coal-tar classification because important 
products formerly made exclusively from coal tar are now obtained 
also from non-coal-tar sources. 

Production of all synthetic organic chemicals (intermediates and 
finished products combined) was 18.4 billion pounds in 1948, or 2.5 
billion pounds more than the output in 1947 (see table 6) . The output 
of cyclic intermediates was 2.9 billion pounds in 1948 compared with 
the previous record output of 2.6 billion pounds in 1947. This 
increase in the intermediates reflects in large part the expanded output 
of a number of important intermediates for use principally in syn- 
thetic plastics and resin materials and in elastomers (synthetic rub- 
bers). Sales of cyclic intermediates in 1948 amounted to 1.1 billion 
pounds, valued at 182 million dollars. 

Since many of the cyclic intermediates included in the statistics 
of both production and sales represent successive steps in production, 
the totals shown for the group as a whole necessarily include consider- 
able duplication. 

Production of finished cyclic products in 1948 totaled 2.7 billion 
pounds — 8.6 percent larger than the output in 1947; production of 
acyclic finished products (including acyclic intermediates) totaled 
12.9 biUion pounds — or 19 percent larger than in 1947. 

Among the individual groups of finished products (cyclic and 
acyclic combined) which increased substantially in output in 1948 
compared with 1947 were surface-active agents (29 percent), miscel- 

9 

857784—49 2 



10 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 6. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary of United States production and 
sales of intermediates and finished products, average, 1942-^6, annual, 1947 
and 1948 

[Production and sales in thousands of pounds; sales value in thousands of dollars] 



Chemical 



Production, ^and total 

Sales, grand total 

Sales value, grand total 

I. ORGANIC CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 

Production, total 

Sales, total 

Sales value, total 

A. Intermediates 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value..- 

B. Finished Products 

Production, total 

Sales, total 

Sales value, total 

1. Dyes 

Production, total 

Sales, total 

Sales value, total 

a. Colour Index Group 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

b. Prototype Group 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

c. Ungrouped 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

S. Lakes and Toners 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

3. Medicinals 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

4. Flavor and Perfume Materials 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

6. Plastics and Resin Materials 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

See footnotes at end of table, p. 12. 



Average, 
1942-46 



13, 027, 850 
8, 262, 034 
1, 626, 827 



4, 003, 328 

3, 097, 076 

781, 645 



1, 965, 590 

1,192,275 

143, 308 



2, 037, 738 

1, 904, 801 

638, 336 



155,813 
152. 700 
107, 861 



119, 175 
116,707 
64, 322 



20, 607 
20, 226 
25, 480 



16, 031 

15, 767 
18, 059 



21, 824 
20, 198 
15, 725 



40, 104 
37, 199 
127, 017 



11, 739 
10, 675 
14, 624 



413, 820 

375, 823 

92, 665 



1947 



15, 909, 580 
9, 997, 468 
2, 201, 097 



5,091,415 
3,791,812 
1, 123, 991 



2,623,118 

1, 445, 732 

189, 314 



2, 468, 297 

2, 346, 080 

934, 677 



212, 307 
205, 210 
148, 154 



172, 803 
166, 764 
94, 368 



21, 439 
21, 398 
31, 205 



18, 065 
17, 048 
22, 581 



37, 898 
34, 774 
38, 240 



42, 841 
36, 439 
218, 265 



14, 605 
12, 168 
17, 764 



737, 714 
662, 284 
188, 688 



Increase, 

or de- 
crease (— ), 
1947 over 
1942-46 



Percent 
22.1 
21.0 
35.3 



27.2 
22.4 
43.8 



33.5 
21.3 
32.1 



21.1 
23.2 
46.4 



36.3 
34.4 
37.4 



4.^0 
42.9 
46.7 



4.0 

5.8 

22.5 



12.7 
8.1 
25.0 



73.7 
72.2 
143.2 



6.8 
-2.0 
71.8 



24.4 
14.0 
21.5 



78.3 
76.2 
103.6 



1948 



18, 450, 438 
9, 470, 253 
2, 149, 554 



5, 559, 492 
3, 358, 806 
1,117,887 



2, 877, 761 

1, 136, 271 

182, 353 



2, 681, 731 

2, 222, 535 

935, 534 



201,376 
186, 782 
163, 833 



151, 967 
142, 841 
95, 575 



27, 513 
23, 933 
38, 306 



21, 896 
20.008 
29, 952 



40, 880 
34, 300 
39, 181 



36, 345 

32, 833 

232, 252 



15, 445 
12,536 
16, 713 



922, 993 
748, 944 
185, 763 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



11 



Table 6. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary of United States production and 
sales of intermediates and finished products, average, 1942-46, annual, 1947 
and 1948 — Continued 

fProduction and sales in thousands of pounds; sales value in thousands of dollars] 



Chemical 



Average, 
1942-46 



1947 



Increase, 

or de- 
crease (— ), 
1947 over 
1942-46 



1948 



Increase, 

or de- 
crease (— ), 
1948 over 
1947 



I. ORGANIC CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— 

Continued 

B. Finished Products— Continued 

6. Rubber-Processing Chemicals 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value--- 

7. Elastomers (Synthetic Rubbers) 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

8. Plasticizers 

Production- 

Sales 

Sales value 

9. Surface-Active Agents 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

10. Miscellaneous 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

II. ORGANIC CHEMICALS, ACY- 
CLIC (INTERMEDIATES AND 
FINISHED PRODUCTS) 

Production, total 

Sales, total 

Sales value, total 

1. Medicinals 

Production _. 

Sales 

Sales value 

S. Flavor and Perfume Materials 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

3. Plastics and Resin Materials 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

4. Rubber- Processing Chemicals 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

5. Elastomers (Synthetic Rubbers) 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

See footnotes at end of table, p. 12. 



66, 432 
59, 637 
24, 564 



1 1, 228, 594 

' 1, 211, 138 

1 227, 430 



116, 225 
108, 604 
24,761 



59, 062 

52, 028 

9,795 



2 169, 843 
2 119, 027 
2 39, 379 



9, 024, 522 

5, 164, 959 

845, 182 



3,987 
3, 837 
15, 821 



4,708 
4,563 
5,013 



330, 065 
299, 180 
137, 206 



17, 946 
17, 683 
10, 362 



217, 446 

209, 868 

71,958 



85,830 
74, 353 
31,008 



915, 995 
964, 292 
179, 449 



103, 408 
88, 714 
31,831 



112,651 
100, 664 
20, 700 



205, 048 
167, 182 
60, 578 



10, 818, 165 
6, 205, 656 
1, 077, 106 



6,815 
5,148 
14, 981 



6,274 

5,728 
8,298 



513, 985 
472, 455 
242, 626 



14, 892 
14,225 
11, 594 



287, 243 
295, 100 
81, 972 



Percent 
29.2 
24.7 
26.2 



-25.4 
-20.4 
-21.1 



-11.0 
-18.3 
28.6 



90.7 
93.5 
111.3 



20.7 
40.5 
53.8 



19.9 
20.1 
27.4 



70.9 
34.2 
-5.3 



33.3 

25.5 
65.5 



55.7 
57.9 
76.8 



-17.0 
-19.6 
11.9 



32.1 

40.6 
13.9 



81, 851 
60,331 
26, 998 



882, 292 
749, 938 
138, 738 



109, 346 
87, 401 
33, 798 



176, 229 
130, 865 
34, 516 



214, 974 
178, 605 
63, 742 



12. 890, 946 
6, 111, 447 
1, 031, 667 



7,290 
5,407 
15, 419 



6,748 
6,481 
9,997 



562, 675 
494, 887 
186, 549 



14, 164 
11,360 
9,392 



290, 634 
294,179 
97, 652 



Percent 
-4.6 

(3) 
(3) 



4.8 



19.2 



7.6 



-4.9 



1.2 



12 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 6. — Synthetic organic chetnicals: Summary of United States production and 
sales of intermediates and finished products, average, 1942-46, anmial, 1947 
and 1948 — Continued 

[Production and sales in thousands of pounds; sales value in thousands of dollars] 



Chemical 


Average, 
1942-16 


1947 


Increase, 

or de- 
crease (— ), 
1947 over 
1942-46 


1948 


Increase, 

or de- 
crease (— ), 
1948 over 
1947 


II. ORGANIC CHEMICALS, ACY- 
CLIC (INTERMEDIATES AND 
FINISHED PRODUCTS)— Con. 

6. Plasticizers 

Production 


25, 189 
17, 754 
6,442 

84, 766 
75, 682 
22, 166 

2 8,340,415 

2 4, 536, 391 

2 576, 193 


36, 604 
29, 575 
13, 939 

178, 510 
133, 630 
40, 387 

9, 773, 842 

5, 249, 795 

663, 309 


Percent 
45.3 
66.6 
116.4 

110.6 
76.6 
82.2 

17.2 
15.7 
15.1 


38, 223 
29, 860 
13, 099 

198, 486 
144, 256 
53, 391 

11,772,726 

5. 1?.5, 017 

646, 168 


Percent 

4.4 


Sales 

Sales value. _- -_ .-_ . 


(?) 

(3) 


7. Surface-Active Agents 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value _ . . - 


11.2 

(3) 
(?) 


8. Miscellaneous 
Production 


20.5 


Sales _ 


(3) 


Sales value 1. 


(3) 







' 4-year average. 

2 Adjusted for plasticizers and surface-active agents. 

3 Not calculated; see note below. 

Note. — The statistics on sales of intermediates and finished products in 1948 do not include the quantity 
and value of interplant transfers as the statistics for 1947 and earlier years did. The sales statistics for 1948 
given in this report, therefore, are not strictly comparable with the sales statistics given in the earlier reports. 
For this reason, the percentage increases or decreases for sales in 1948 over 1947 are not given in this table. 



laneous cliemicals (20 percent), and plastics and resin materials (19 
percent). Smaller increases were reported for lakes and toners, 
plasticizers, and flavor and perfume materials. Decreases, on the 
other hand, were reported for medicinals (12.0 percent), dyes (5.2 
percent), rubber-processing chemicals (5.0 percent), and elastomers 
(2.5 percent) (see tables 1 and 6). 

Shown below by chemical group is the number of companies which 
reported production in 1948 for one or more chemicals covered by 
table 6 : 



Number 

of com- 

Oroup panies 

Intermediates 99 

Dyes 45 

Lakes and toners 48 

Medicinals 110 

Perfume and flavor materials 46 

Plastics and resin materials- 132 



Number 
of corn- 
Group panies 

Rubber-processing chemicals 13 
Elastomers (sj'nthetic rub- 
bers) 24 

Plasticizers 40 

Surface-active agents 104 

Miscellaneous chemicals 202 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 19 48 13 

Intermediates 

Cyclic intermediates are synthetic organic chemicals derived 
principally from coal-tar crudes produced by the destructive distilla- 
tion of coal; in recent years, however, increasing quantities of cyclic 
intermediates have been derived from similar crudes obtained from 
petroleum and natural gas. Cyclic intermediates are used chiefly 
in the manufacture of more advanced synthetic organic chemicals 
and finished products such as dyes, medicinals, explosives, plastics 
and resin materials, elastomers (synthetic rubbers), and perfume and 
flavor materials. Small quantities of some intermediates are sold as 
end products without fm'ther processing. For example, p-dichloro- 
benzene either may be used as a raw material in the production of 
various dyes, or may be packaged and sold as such for use as a moth 
repellent or deodorant. In general, the manner in which the greater 
part of the output of a given chemical is consumed usually determines 
its use classification in this report. 

Table 7A shows statistics on the production and sales of cyclic 
intermediates in 1948.^ Among the individual intermediates listed, 
significant increases in production in 1948 were reported for styrene, 
phthalic anhydride, phenol, refined cresylic acid, and cresols. The 
output of st3rrene, an important constituent of GR-S synthetic rubber, 
reached 377 million pounds in 1948, or 21 percent more than in 1947; 
the output of phthalic anhy chide, used chiefly in the manufacture of 
alkyd resins, plasticizers, and dyes, totaled 159 million pounds in 
1948, or 16 percent greater than in 1947. Larger production was 
reported also for phenol (297 million pounds in 1948, or 12 percent 
greater than in 1947), refined cresylic acid (33 million pounds, or 26 
percent greater), and cresols (21 million pounds, or 37 percent greater). 
Phenol, cresylic acid, and cresols are used chiefly in the manufacture 
of synthetic resins. Still other cychc intermediates which increased 
in output in 1948 compared with 1947 included 3-hydroxy-2-naphthoic 
acid (107 percent), amino I acid (69 percent), J acid (61 percent), 
refined N-ethylanihne (51 percent), and Tobias acid (30 percent). 

' See also table 7B, part III, for an alphabetical list of intermediates in which the manufacturers are 
identified and part C of the appendix for a glossary containing synonymous names cf cyclic intermediates. 



14 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 7A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
cyclic intermediates, 1948 

[Listed below are all cyclic intermediates for which any reported data on production or sales may be pub- 
lished. (Leaders are used where the reported data are confidential and may not be published or where 
no data were reported.) Table 7B jn part III lists alphabetically all cyclic intermediates for which data 
on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each. Part C in the appendi.\ lists 
alphabetically all the important common names of cyclic intermediates usually met with in the trade 
and gives the corresponding standard (Chemical Abstracts) name under which data are presented in 
tables 7A and 7B1 



Chemical 



Produc- 
tion 



Sales 



Quan- 
tity 



Value 



Total- 



1,000 

pounds 

2, 877, 761 



1,000 

pounds 

1,130.271 



1,000 
dollars 
182,353 



Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown. 
Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below... 



AcetaniUde, tech 

p-.^Lcetotoluide 

N-Acetylsulfanilyl chloride (p-Acetamidobenzenesulfonyl chloride) 

p-Aminoacetanilide (.\cetyl-p-phenylenediamine) 

5-Amino-2-anilinobenzenesulfonic acid (4-Amino-diphenylamine-2- 

sulfonic acid) 

2- (p-Aminoanilino) -5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

1-Aminoanthraquinone and salt 

2-Am inoant hraqu inone and salt. __ 

6-Amino-3,4'-azobis(benzenesulfonic acid) (Aminoazobenzene disulfo 



acid). 



6-(m-Aminobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3sulfonic acid (m-Aminoben- 
zoy IJ acid) 

6-(p-Aminobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (p-Aminohenzoyl 

J acid) _ 

2-Amino-p-benzenedisulfonic acid (Aniline-2,5-disulfonic acid) 

l-Amino-4-bromo-2-anthraQuinonesulfonic acid (Bromamine acid).. 

2-Amino-4-chloro-l -phenol-6-sulfonic acid 

2-.\mino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid (Lake red C amine) 

l-Amino-2,4-dibromoanthraquinone (Dibromoaminoanthraqui- 



none) . 



5-Amino-6-ethoxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

3-Amino-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Cassella acid) 

fi-.\mino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Amino I acid) 

7-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonicacid (.^mino G acid) 

8-Ammo-l,6-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (l-NaphthyIamine-3,8- 

disulfonic acid) 

S-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Laurent's acid) 

5-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (l.fi-Cleve's acid) 

2-.\m ino-I -naph th alenesulfonic acid (Tobias acid) 

5(and 8)-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Cleve's acid, mixed)... 

6-Amino-2-naphthaIenesulfonic acid (Broenner's acid) 

8-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Peri acid) 

8-.A.mino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (1,7-Cleve's acid) 

8-Amino-l,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid (Koch acid) 

8-Amino-l-naphthol-5,7-disulfonicacid (Chicago acid), monosodium 

salt 



8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,fi-disulfonic aci'l (H acid), monosodium salt.. 

l-Amino-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid (1,2,4-acid) 

6-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (J acid), sodium salt 

7-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (Gamma acid), sodium salt 

2-Amino-5-nitrobenzenesulfonicacid (p-Nitroaniline-o-sulfonicacid) 

2-Amino-4 nitrophenol (p-Nitro-o-aminophenol) 

o-.A.minophenol 

p-Am inophenol and salts. 

2-Amino-l-phenol-4-sulfonic acid (o-Aminophenol-p-sulfonic acid)... 
m-(p-Aminophenylazo)benzenesulfonicacid (Aminoazobenzene-m- 

sulfonic acid) 

p-(p-Aminophenylazo)benzenesulfonic acid (Aminoazobenzene-p- 

sulfonic acid) 

2-Aminothiazole 

4-A*nino-m-toluenesulfonic acid (o-Toluidine-m-sulfonic acid) 

5-Amino-o-toluenesulfonic acid (p-Toluidinc-p-sulfonic acid) 

4-(4-Amino-m-tolylazo)-m-toluenesulfonic acid| (o-Aminoazotoluene- 

sulfonic acid) and salt 

2-.\mino-3,5-xylenesulfonic acid (m-Xylidenesulfonic acid). 

Aniline (A nilinc oil) 

Anil inomethanesulfonic acid (Aniline-omega-sulfonic acid) and salt. 

8-Anilino-l-napthalenesulfonic acid (Phenyl Peri acid) 

6- Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid ( Phenyl J acid) 

7-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (Phenyl gamma acid) 



760, 597 
2,117,104 



3,408 

1,122 

2,557 

422 

57 

52 

820 

1,225 

81 



142 
60 

122 
95 

804 

65 

12 

321 

2,335 

1,524 

179 
397 
359 

3,727 

443 

94 

478 

385 

6,051 

173 

6,185 

1,529 

1,345 

1, 530 

104 

196 

118 

800 

75 

159 

91 
290 
2<«3 
235 

6 

20 
92, 083 
190 
366 
147 
122 



302,314 
833, 957 



68, 307 
114,046 



613 



63 
120 



52 
145 



1,803 
36 



178 
228 



38, 702 



1,060 
46 



403 
263 



44 

52 

549 

12 



5,100 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



15 



Table 7A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
cyclic intermediates, 1948 — Continued 



Chemical 



Produc- 
tion 



Sales 



Quan- 
tity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



Anisic acid 

p- Anisidine --- 

0- Anisidinomethanesulfonic acid (o- Anisidine-omega-sulfonic acid) . . 

Anthraquinone-1 ,5-disuIfonic acid 

Anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonic acid and salt. _ 

l-Anthraquinonesulfonic acid and salt 

Anthrarufin (1,5-Dihydroxyanthraquinone) 

Benzaldehyde, tech. 

l-Benzamido-5-chloroanthraquinone (l-Chloro-5-benzamidoanthra- 

quinone) 

7-Benz[de]anthracen-7-one (Benzanthrone) 

Benzidine hydrochloride and sulfate 

Benzoic acid, tech 

o-Benzoylbenzoic acid 

4-(N-Benzyl-N-ethylamino)-o-toluenesulfonicacid (Ethylbenzyl-m- 

toluidinesulfonic acid) 

4-4'-Bis(dimethylamino)benzohydrol (Michler's hydrol) 

4,4'-Bis(dimethylamino) benzophenone (Michler's ketone) 

3-Bromo-7-benz|delanthracen-7-one (Bromobenzanthrone) _ _ - 

3-Carboxy-2(and 4)-hydroxybenzenediazonium sulfate (Diazosali- 

cylip acid) 

Chloroacetoacetanilide, o- and p- (o- and p-Acetoacetochloroani- 

lide). 



4-Chloro-o-anisidine (NH2 = 1) (5-Chloro-2-aminoanisole) 

1-Chloroanthraquinone 

2-Chloroanthraquinone_ _- 

Chlorobenzene, mono 

l-Chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (Dinitrochlorobenzene) 

l-Chloro-2-methyIanthraquinone 

2-Chloro-4-nitroaninne (o-Chloro-p-nitroaniline) 

4-Chloro-2-nitroaniline (p-Chloro-o-nitroanilinc) 

4-ChIoro 2-nitrotoluene (o-Nitro-p-chlorotoluene) -. 

a-Chlorotoluene (Benzyl chloride) 

4-Chloro-o-toluidine (2-Amino-4-chlorotoluene) (Red KB base) 

5-Chloro-o-toluidine (2-Amino-5-chlorotoluene') (Fast red TR base). 
4-Chloro-o-tolylmercaptoacetic acid (Chlorotolylthioglycolic acid).. 

Cresols, total ' 



Cresols, o-, m-, and p- 

Cresol, meta, para 

Cresol, ortho, meta. para 

Cresylic acid, refined i 

1,4- Diaminoanthraquinone 

1,5-Diaminoanthraquinone 

2,6- Diaminoant hraqui iiono 

2,4-Diaminobonzenesulfonic acid 
acidl . 



(m-Phenylenediamine sulfonic 



4,4'-Diainino-3,3'-biphenyldisulfonic acid (Benzidinedisulfonic 
acid) 

4,4'- Diaminodiphenylamine-2 sulfonic acid 

N,N'-Di(m-aminophenyl)nxamidc (Oxalyl-m-phenylenediamine)... 

4,4'-Diamino-2,2'-stilbenedisuIfonic acid 

4,5'-Dibenzamido-l,l'-iniinodianthraquinone (l-(4-Benzamido-l-an- 

thraquinonylimino)-!J-benzamidoanthraquinone') 

2,5-Dichloroaniline and hydrochloride (1,4-Dichloroaniline) 

1,5-Dichloroanthraquinone 

o-Dichlorobenzene 

p-Dichlorobenzeno 

o(and p)-Diohl9robenzene 

3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine and sulfate ^o,o'-r)ichlorob8nzidine) 

1 ,4-Dichloro-2-ni trobenzene (Nitro-p-dichlornbenzene) 

l-(2,5-Dichloro 4-sulfophenyl)-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone 

2,5-Dichlorosulfanilic acid (2,5-Dichloroaniline-4-sulfonic acid) 

4,5-Dihydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonin acid (Chromolropic acid). 

4,5-Dihydroxy-l-naphthalnnesuIfonic acid (Dioxy S acid) 

16,17-Dihydroxyviolanthrone (Dihydroxydibenzan throne) 

3,3'-Dimethoxy benzidine 

N,N-Dimethylaniline 

2,2'-Dimethyi-l,l'-bianthraquinone (Dimethyldianthraquinonyl)... 

N,N-Dimethyl-p-nitrosoaniline (p-Nitrosodimethylaniline) 

p-(2,4-Dinitroanilino) phenol (Dinitrohydroxydiphenylamine) 



1,000 

pounds 

53 

537 

55 

686 

332 

1,673 

363 

1,500 

76 
1,158 
3,658 



4,038 

35 
47 
203 
205 

66 

205 

129 

183 

797 

303, 056 

8,092 

282 

498 

416 

479 

7,812 

274 

71 

87 

21,419 



3,991 

8,771 

8,657 

33, 281 

51 

239 

IGl 

165 

10 

47 

28 

494 

185 

653 

62 

14, 508 

34, 501 

6,600 

606 

1,260 

273 

118 

205 

26 

336 

651 

7,812 

139 

17 

106 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



Per 
pound 



191 



$0.39 



.06 



259 
'3,"864' 



174 
"762 



18, 903 



3,697 



.20 



2,956 

7, 633 

8,314 

26, 273 



1,395 
1,421 
3,270 



263 



190 



10. 851 

31,078 

4,304 



819 

3, 451 

202 



.34 



See footnotes at end of table, p. 17. 



16 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 7A. 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
cyclic intermediates, 1948 — Continued 



Chemical 



4.4'-Dinitro-2,2'-stilbenedisulfonic acid 

8-Diphenylamino-l,6-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Diphenyl epsilon 

acid) 

1,4-Di-p-toluidinoanthraquinone (l,4-Di-p-toluinoanthraqmnone)._. 

N-Ethylaniline, refined 

a-(N'-EthyIanilino)-p-toluenesulfor:icacid(Ethylsulfobenzylaniline) 

Ethylbenzenc --- 

p- E thylphenol 

N-E thyl-N-phenylbenzylamine (N,N-Ethylbenzylaniline) 

Ethylphenylnialonic acid (Phenylethylmalonic acid), diethyl ester. 

0- Pormylbenzenesulfonic acid (o- Sulfobenzaldehyde) 

p-HydrazinobenzenPsulfonic acid (Phenylhydrazine-p-sulfonic acid) 

3-nydroxy-2-naphthoic acid 

l,l'-Iminobis(4-benzamidoanthraquinone) (4,4'-Dibenzoyldiainlno- 

1 ,1 '-dianthrimide) 

6,6'-Iminobis(l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid) (I or J acid imide) (Rhodu- 

lineanid) 

l,l'-Iminodi-4-aminoanthraquinone (4,4'-Diamino-l,l'-dianthrim- 

ide1 

l,l'-Iminodianthraqiiinone (Dianthrimide) 

Isoviolanthrone (Isodibenzan throne) 

Leuco-l,4-diaminoanthraquinone 

Leuco quinizarin (1,4,9,10-Anthratetrol) 

Metanilic acid 

2-Methyl-l-nitroanthraquinone (l-Nitro-2-methylanthraquinone)... 

3-Methyl-l-phenyl-5-pyrazolone (Developer Z) 

ii-MethyM-(p-sulfophenyl)-5-pyrazolone (Sulfophenylmethylpyraz- 

olone) 

Naphthalene, solidifying at 79° C, or above (refined flake): From 

American crude naphthalene 

1,5-Naphthalenediol (1,5-Dihydroxynaphthalene) 

1 ,5-Naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

2-Naphthalenemercaptoacetic acid 03-Naphthylthioglycolic acid)... 
p-Naphthionic acid (4-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid), sodium 

salt 

1-Naphthol (a-Naphthol) 

2-Naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid (R acid) 

2-Naphthol-6,8-disulfonic acid (G acid salt) 

l-Naphthol-5-sulfonic acid 

2-Naphthol-6-sulfonic acid (Schaeffer's acid) 

5-Naphth[l,2]oxadiazolesulfonic acid (l,l'-Azobis(2-naphthol-4- 

sulfonic acid)) 

1-Naphthylamine (a-Naphthylamine) 

p-N itroacetanilide 

m-N itroan iline 

2-Nitro-p-anisidine (3-Nitro-4-aminoanisole) 

4-Nitro-o-anisidine (5-Nitro-2-aminoanisole) 

5-Nitro-o-anisidine (NHj = 1) (p-Nitro-o-anisidine) 

6-(m-Nitrobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (m-Nitrobenzoyl 

J acid) 

Nitrobenzene 

m-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

3-Nitro-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (2-Nitronaphthalene-4,8- 

disulfonic acid) 

o-Nitrophenol 

p-Nitrosophenol 

Nitrotoluenes. mixed 

3-Nitro-p-toluenesulfonic acid (o-Nitrotoluenesulfonic acid) 

5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonic acid (p-Nitrotoluene-o-sulfonic acid) 

2-Nitro-p-toluidine (m-Nitro-p-toluidine) 

Phenol, total ' 

Natural, from coal tar and petroleum 

Synthetic 

p-Phenylazoaniline (p-Aminoazobenzene) and hydrochloride 

Phenylenediamine, o-, m-, p- 

2,2'-Phenyliminodiethanol (Phenyldiethanolamine) 

Phenylmalonic acid, diethyl ester 

Phthalic anhydride 

Picolines 2 

Piperidine 

See footnotes at end of table, p. 17. 



Produc- 
tion 



1,000 
pounds 
875 

79 

38 

1, 051 

946 

398, 041 

1 

1,322 

275 

173 

100 

2,768 

106 



170 

167 
75 
17 
80 

922 
50 

990 

77 

93, 636 

55 

550 

135 

2,778 

758 

1,072 

1,246 

172 

335 

604 
5, 737 
278 
636 
141 
206 
228 

32 

123, 764 

562 

157 

288 

258 

22, 522 

270 

2,191 

1,980 

297, 338 



23,064 
274, 274 

277 
2,688 
807 
249 
158, 827 
519 
246 



Sales 



Quan- 
tity 



Value 



1,000 
pounds 



278 
324 



82 



1,240 
"'"379 



6.825 
272 



812 
198, 535 



19, 976 
178, 559 



1,355 



127, 666 
472 



1.000 
dollars 



5,439 



155 
217 



466 
'325' 



538 
100 



997 
24, 194 



2,499 
21, 695 



1,434 



26, 135 
101 



Unit 
value 



Per 
pound 



$1.16 



1.20 



.37 



1.23 
.12 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 194 8 



17 



Table 7A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
cyclic intermediates, 1948 — Continued 



Chemical 



Pyridine, refined * 

Qiiinaldine (2-MethylqTiinoline) 

Quinizarin (1 ,4- Dihydroxyanthraquinone) 

Quinoline: 2° 

Salicylic acid, tech 

Styrene ( Vinylbenzene) : Grade for rubber (elastomers) - . . 

Sulfanilic acid and salt 

l,2,4,5-Tetrachlorobcn7.ene 

l,4,5,8-Tetrakis(l',l",l"',l""-anthraquinonylamino)anthraquinone 

(Penta-anthramide) 

o-Tolidine and salts 

2,4-Toluenediamine (4-m-Tolylenediamine) 

a-Tohiic acid (Phenylacetic acid) 

6-p-Toluidinomctanilic acid (6-p-Toluinometanilic acid) 

o-Toluidinomethanesulfonic acid (o-Toluinomethanesulfonic acid). 
l-(p-Toluidino)naphthalene-8-sulfonic acid (Tolyl peri acid) (l-(p- 

Toluino) naphthalene-8-sulfonic acid) 

a-Tolunitrile (Benzyl cyanide) 

4-(o-Tolylazo)-o-toluidine (o- A minoazotoluene) 

o-(p-Tolyl) benzoic acid (p-Tolyl-o-benzoic acid) 

or-Trichlorotoluene ( Benzotrichloride) 

6,6'-Ureylenebis(l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid) (J acid urea) 

Violanthrone (Dibenzanthrone) 



Produc- 
tion 



1,000 

pounds 

1.751 

38 

901 

1,029 



376, 862 
3, 344 
1,478 



1,349 

398 

17 



59 
2, 250 
613 
738 
623 
463 
290 



Sales 



Quan- 
tity 



1,000 
pounds 
1,801 



2, 457 
269, 193 



144 

484 
207 



34 



Value 



1,000 

dollars 

1,192 



141 

494 

645 

25, 637 



142 
396 
223 



106 



Unit 
value 



Per 

pound 
$0.66 



1.07 
.59 
.26 
.10 



.82 
1.08 



.37 



' Includes data for coke ovens and gas-retort ovens, reported to the Coal Economics Division, U. S. Bureau 
of Mines, and for tar and petroleum refineries and other producers, reported to the U. S. Tariff Commission. 

2 Includes data for coke ovens and iias-retort ovens, reported to the Coal Economics Division, U. S. Bureau 
of Mines, and for tar refineries and other producers, reported to the U. S. Tariff Commission. 

Note.— The statistics on sales of intermediates in 1948 do not include the quantity and value of interplant 
transfers as the statistics for 1947 and earlier years did. The sales statistics given in this report, therefore, 
are not strictly comparable with the sales statistics given in earlier reports. Before 1948 the interplant 
transfers probably did not account for more than 10 to 15 percent of the total of sales plus transfers. 

The greatest decline in output in 1948 compared with 1947 occurred 
in a number of basic intermediates used in the manufacture of more 
advanced intermediates and low-priced dyes. Monochlorobenzene 
decreased in output to 303 million pounds, or 9.5 percent less than in 
1947; nitrobenzene, to 124 million pounds, or 13 percent less; and ani- 
line to 92 million pounds, or 14 percent less. Decreases were reported 
also for l-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (63 percent), acetanilide (62 per- 
cent), and benzoylbenzoic acid (30 percent). 

Dyes 

United States production and sales of dyes in 1948, total and by 
individual dyes, grouped by Colour Index number and by Foreign 
Prototype number, are shown in table 8A.^ Production in 1948 
totaled 201 million pounds, or 5 percent less than the record output of 
212 million pounds in 1947. This decrease was caused chiefly by a 
large decline in a few low-priced dyes such as sulfur black and synthetic 
indigo. The quantity of sales in 1948 was 187 million pounds. 

' See also table 8B, part III. which lists the coal-tar dyes and identifies the manufacturers. 



18 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 8A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States -production and sales of 

coal-tar dyes, 1948 

[Listed below are all coal-tar dyes for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are confidential and may not be published or where no data 
were reported. ) Table 8B in part III lists all dyes for which data on production or sales were reported and 
identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Colour 
Index or 


Dye 


Produc- 
tion 




Sales 




Proto- 
type 
No. 


Quan- 
tity 


Value 


Unit 
value 




Grand total . 


1,000 
pounds 
201, 376 


1,000 
pounds 
186, 782 


1,000 
dollars 
163, 833 


Per 
pound 
$0 88 




Dyes for which separate statistics may not be shown 

Dyes for which separate statistics are shown below 

DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX 
NUMBER 

Total ._ 






46, 569 

154, 807 

151, 967 


42, 881 
143, 901 

142, 841 


55, 639 
108, 194 

95, 575 


1.30 
.75 

.67 




Azo Dyes 
Monoazo Dyes 
Spirit yellow R 




17 


46 
565 
218 
493 
383 


48 
589 
227 
486 
339 

17 
759 
225 

66 

42 
102 
464 


47 

268 

103 

332 

200 

10 

346 

145 

45 

23 

76 

281 


97 


20 


Chrysoidine Y 


. 46 


21 


Chrysoidine R 


.45 


24 


Sudan I 


68 


27 


Orange O 


.59 


30 


Fast acid fuchsine B... 


.57 


31 


Amido naphthol red G . 


838 

251 

76 

62 

114 

491 

242 

400 

172 

316 

388 

254 

620 

55 

294 

25 

56 

275 

265 

168 


.46 


36 


Chrome yellow 2G 


.64 


40 


Chrome yellow R_ ,. _ _ 


.68 


52 


Azo alizarin yellow GP . 


.55 


53 


Victoria violet 4BS 


.75 


57 


Amido naphthol red 6B 


.61 


73 


Sudan II 




79 


Ponceau R 


380 

145 

287 

298 

209 

632 

57 

319 

27 

46 

236 

226 

169 

36 

1,513 

1,121 

123 

51 

82 

72 

587 

290 

2,314 

35 
407 

95 

68 

5 

340 

26 
570 
231 

88 

249 

136 

1,080 

240 

90 
942 


214 

83 

227 

407 

415 

424 

50 

130 

24 

39 

162 

155 

111 

26 

608 

521 

66 

43 

53 

82 

381 

243 

1,199 

28 
456 

68 

37 

6 

784 

27 
410 
138 

54 

221 

137 

1,452 

272 

49 
512 


.56 


88 


Fast red B 


.58 


98 


Chrome brown R . 


.79 


117 


Fast red B base 


1.36 


118 


Fast scarlet R base , . 


1.99 


138 


Metanil yellow _ 


.67 


146 


Azo yellow,.. 


.88 


161 


Orange R _ 


.41 


168 


Acid chrome garnet R . . 


.90 


169 


Acid chrome violet N 


.85 


176 


Fast red A . 


.69 


179 


Azorubine . 


.69 


180 


Fast red VR 


.66 


197 


C hrome vello w RN . 


.73 


202 


Chrome blue black R . . 


1,648 

1,200 

77 

56 

69 


.40 


203 


Chrome black T 


.46 


204 




.53 


209 


Fast acid blue B 


.84 


216 


Acid chrome red B 


.65 


219 


Chrome fla vine A 


1.14 


234 


Disazo Dyes 
Resorcin brown 


522 

324 

2,388 

36 
449 

79 

73 

11 
423 

34 
582 
240 

72 

234 

139 

1,269 

242 

62 
927 


.65 


235 


Resorcin dark brown 


.84 


246 


Acid black lOB 


.52 


247 


Azo dark green A 


.80 


252 


Brilliant croceine M 


1.12 


262 


Cloth red B 


.71 


274 


Milling orange 


.54 


275 




1.08 


278 


Direct fast red 8BL 


2.31 


280 




1.03 


289 


Fast acid cyanine 5R ex 


.72 


299 




.60 


304 


Fast acid black 2BN 


.62 


307 




.89 


316 


Developed blue NA 


1.01 


326 


Direct fast scarlet . 


1.34 


327 


Dnect fast scarlet 4BA .. 


1.13 


331 


Bismarck brown G . 


.55 


332 


Bismarck brown R 


.54 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 19 48 



19 



Table 8A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
coal-tar dyes, 1948 — Continued 



Dye 



Produc- 
tion 



Sales 



Quan- 
tity 



Value 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX 
NUMBER— Continued 

Azo Z)i/es— Continued 

Disazo Dyes— Continued 



Chrome fast yellow C 

Direct fast yellow 5GL 

Direct fast yellow 4QL ox. 

Direct fast pink 2BL 

Brilliant yellow 

Chrysophenine G 

Congo red 

Congo corinth G 

Direct scarlet B 

Direct violet B 

Direct violet N 

Developed black BH 

Direct blue 2B 

Direct orange R 

Direct fast red F 

Direct brown M 

Direct brown B 

Polar red 

Milling red G 

Direct blue 3B 

Acid anthracene red 3B 

Benzopurpurine lOB 

Direct azurine G 

Direct blue RVV 

Direct sky blue FF 

Direct pure blue 



Trisazo Dyes 



Direct fast black FF- 

Plutoform black 

Direct brown BT 

Direct black EW.... 

Direct bla«k RX 

Direct green ET 

Chloramine green B. 

Direct green B 

Direct green Q 

Direct brown 3G0_.. 
Congo brown G 



Direct yellow R. 
Chloramine orange G. 
Stilbene yellow 



Stilbene Dyes 



Pyrazolone Dyes 



Fast light yellow G. 
Xylene light yellow _ 

Tartrazine 

I'hromered B 

Pyrazol orange 



Ketonimine Dyes 



Auramine... 

Triphenylmethane and Diphenylnaphthylmethane Dyes 

Malachite green 

Rhoduline blue 6G 

Brilliant green 

Acid green B 

Fast acid green B _ 

Acid glaucine blue 

Parafuchsine 

Magenta 

Methyl violet B and base... 



1,000 
pounds 



26 

31 

58 

289 

1,024 

1,803 

571 

251 



75 

3,809 

1, 736 

162 

454 

643 

32 
292 

15 
282 
136 

23 
300 
109 
883 
231 



322 

676 

345 

14, 083 

973 

366 

84 

1,646 

145 

897 



1,101 
183 
129 



141 
636 
604 
182 
45 



1,266 



752 

26 

139 

306 

99 

1,627 

13 



1,000 
pounds 
12 
22 
32 
64 
278 



1,712 
574 
244 

30 

75 

3,508 

1,684 

149 

439 

614 

19 
285 

17 
225 
126 

21 
243 

75 
878 
237 



1,687 



626 

344 

13, 204 

898 

295 

82 

1,374 

129 

924 

103 



1,060 
174 
143 



144 
559 
705 
146 

54 



1,249 



650 
12 

109 

274 
83 

982 

12 

47 

1,483 



1,000 

dollars 

10 

50 

54 

150 

263 



1,234 
464 
258 

26 

89 

1,566 

486 

69 
334 
386 

21 
265 

22 

84 
159 

26 
228 

70 
955 
139 



420 
507 
.474 
370 
137 

30 
516 

63 
400 

59 



715 
135 
114 



170 
600 
606 
166 
85 



1,450 



940 
40 
225 
219 
233 
866 
31 
115 
1,139 



Per 
pound 



20 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 8A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
coal-tar dyes, 194S — Continued 



Colour 
Index or 


Dye 


Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Proto- 

To": 


Quan- 
tity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


681 


DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX 
NUMBER— Continued 

Triphenyl methane and Diphenylnaphthylmethane Dyes— 
Continued 

Crystal violet 


1,000 
pounds 
954 

28 
248 
144 
113 
234 

39 
367 
213 

177 


1,000 
pounds 
793 

34 
208 
136 
101 
188 

39 
271 
216 

20 
38 


1,000 

dollars 

1,503 

68 

250 

321 

188 

359 

99 

565 

165 

41 

57 


Per 
pound 
$1 89 


682 


Ethyl violet 


2.02 


698 


Acid violet 


1 20 


707 
714 
720 


Soluble blue 

Patent blue A 

Acid chrome azurol B. . 


2.36 

1.87 
1 91 


722 


Acid chrome cvanine R 


2.55 


729 


Victoria blue B.. 


2.08 


737 


Wool green S 


.77 


766 


Xanthene Dyes 
Fluorescein 


2.03 


768 


Eosin Q (Tetrabromofluorescein, alkali salt) 


1.52 


801 


Quinoline Dyes 
Quinoline yellow 


119 

463 

283 

420 

3, 091 

1,029 

701 

20, 366 




814 


Thiazole Dyes 
Direct fast yellow .. 


386 

235 

357 

2,823 

1,075 

607 

22, 269 


429 

382 

537 

1,089 

535 

696 

6,394 


1.11 


833 


Azine Dyes 
Wool fast blue 


1.62 


841 


Safranine. ._ 


1 51 


864 


Nigrosine, spirit-soluble. _ . 


.39 


865 




.50 


922 




1.15 




Total I .. .. 


.29 




Sulfur black 






13, 454 
2,571 
2,078 
666 
646 
510 
33 
165 
243 

88 

128 

1,197 

36 
326 
293 

38 

799 


14,667 

2,942 

2,296 

651 

587 

511 

28 

194 

393 

65 
132 
917 


2,978 

1,396 

644 

618 

311 

205 

11 

64 

167 

142 

304 

1,829 


.20 




Sulfur blue ... 


.47 




Sulfur brown 


.28 




Sulfur sreen 


.95 




Sulfur maroon .. 


.53 




Sulfur olive 


.40 




Sulfur orange. .. 


.40 




Sulfur tan 


.33 




Sulfur yellow 


.43 


1034 


Anthraquinone Dyes 


2.17 


1053 


Acid alizarin blue BE 


2.31 


1054 


Acid alizarin blue B . 


1.99 


1073 


Alizarin irisol R 




1078 


Alizarin cyanine green 


298 
265 
50 

322 
315 
720 

3,891 

1,444 
534 
800 

1,010 
861 

1,136 


743 
475 
200 

528 
593 
1,122 
4,650 
802 
1,162 
1,111 
1,198 
1,240 
1,453 


2.49 


1085 


Anthraquinone blue black B . 


1.79 


1088 


Acid anthraquinone sky blue B . . . 


4.05 


1096 
1098 


Anthraquinone Vat Dyes 

Anthraquinone vat gold«n orange G, 12% 

Anthraquinone vat scarlet G, 16^^%. . _. 


1.64 
1.88 


1099 
1101 
1102 
1104 


Anthraquinone vat dark blue BO, 25% 

Anthraquinone vat jade green 6% 

Anthraquinone vat green B and black B, 12H% 

Anthraquinone vat violet 2R, \2yi%... 


807 

4.013 

1,510 

660 

2,159 

995 

904 

882 


1.56 

1.20 

.56 

2.18 


1106 


Anthraquinone vat blue RS, 10% . 


1.39 


1150 


Anthraquinone vat olive R, \2\'>% 


1.19 


1151 
1152 


Anthraquinone vat brown R, l2J.>i%... 
Anthraquinone vat brown G, 123-2% 


1.44 
1.28 



See footnotes at end of table, p. 23. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



21 



Table 8A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
coal-tar dyes, 1948 — Continued 



Dye 



Produc- 
tion 



Sales 



Quan- 
tity 



Value 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX 
NUMBER— Continued 



Indigoid and Thioindigoid Dyes 



Indigo, syntiietic, 20%. 
VatredsB, 20% 



1,000 
pounds 
22, 205 
332 



Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Dyes 



Total. 



1,000 
pounds 
21, 145 
313 



1,225 



1,000 

dollars 

4,286 

401 



4,305 



Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Colors 
Total 



1,140 



1,097 



3,835 



Blue#l 

Blue #2 

Orange #1 

Red #2 

Red #3 

Red #1, #4, and #32. 

Yellow #3 

Yellow #4 

Yellow #5 

Yellow #6 

All other 



24 

3 

150 

349 

17 
163 

29 

35 
216 
143 

11 



21 

4 

139 

305 

19 
163 



236 
58 
358 
886 
327 
697 



222 

152 
72 



625 
418 
230 



Drug and Cosmetic Colors 



Total : 



Orange #4 

Red #19 

Red #21 

Red #22 

Red #34 

Yellow#l,#5, #6, #7 
All others 



R, #10, and #11. 



All Other Dyes Grouped by Colour Index Number 

Total 

DYES GROUPED BY FOREIGN PROTOTYPE 
NUMBER 
Total 



27,513 



22, 988 



23. 933 



20, 930 



38, 306 



Acid alizarin flavine R 

Acid anthracene brown PG 

Algol yellow GC 

Aliz-3rin supra blue A 

Anthracene chromate brown EB. 

Benzo Bordeaux 6B 

Benzo chrome black blue B 

Benzo fast black L 

Benzo fast blue 4GL 

Brilliant benzo violet B 

Brilliant wool blue FFR 

Celliton orange GR 

Chlorantine fast brown BRL 

Chlorantine fast yellow 4GL 

Chlorantine fast yellow RL 

Cotton black 3Q 

Diamine Bordeaux B 

Diamine catechine G 

Diamine catechine 3G 

Diamine fast blue FFB 

Diamine fast orange EG 

Diamine fast orange E R 

Diazo brilliant green 3G 

Diazo brilliant scarlet 2BL ex 

Diazo brilliant scarlet ROA 

Diazo fast red 7BL 



231 
1,845 

29 
271 
100 

92 
255 



106 

76 

63 

164 

226 

103 

28 

201 

77 

104 

385 

52 

54 

73 

41 

242 

119 



16 
402 
2. 162 
128 
269 
110 

84 
256 
233 
138 
152 

73 
365 
388 
224 

31 
204 

66 

67 
561 

72 
107 
151 
113 
353 
187 



Per 
pound 
$0. 20 
1.28 



See footnotes at end of table, p. 23. 



22 



UlSriTED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 8A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
coal-tar dyes, 1948 — Continued 



Colour 
Index or 
Proto- 
type 
No. 



Dye 



Produc- 
tion 



Sales 



Quan- 
tity 



Value 



94 
101 
109 
118 
121 
122 
138 
144 
147 
168 
169 
170 
171 
172 
187 
197 
202 
206 
220 
237 
242 
244 
260 
262 
264 
268 
269 
271 
273 
293 
302 
303 
304 
305 
306 
309 
311 
313 
326 
330 



DYES GROUPED BY FOREIGN PROTOTYPE 
NUMBER— Continued 



Fast scarlet 2G base and salt 

Guinea fast red BL 

Holindone riinlv R ex 

Indanthrene brown BR 

Indanthrene brown RRD 

IiKliiiithrciip khaki 2G 

Milling vfllow H5G _ 

Xeolan blue GG 

Oxydiaminogen CB 

Rapidogen red GS 

Rapidosen red RS 

Rapido^en scarlet RS 

Rapidogen yellow G 

Rosanthrene fast Bordeaux 2BL 

Sulphon yellow R 

Victoria fast violet 2R ex 

Zambesi black V 

Alizarin fast gray BBLW 

Benzo new blue 5B 

Celliton fast red violet RN 

Celliton fast yellow Q 

Celliton scarlet B 

Fast Bordeaux GP base and salt 

Fast garnet GBC base and salt 

Fast orange GC base and salt 

Fast red GL base and salt 

Fast red 3GL base and salt 

Fast red RC base and salt 

Fast red TR base and salt 

Indanthrene olive green B 

Naphthol AS 

Naphthol AS-BO 

Naphthol AS-BR 

Naphthol AS-BS 

Naphthol AS-D 

Naphthol AS-G 

Naphthol AS-OL 

Naphthol AS-SW 

Palatine fast pink BN 

Palatine fast yellow ELN 

All other dyes grouped by Foreign Prototype number. 



UNQROUPED DYES 3 



Total _ 



Acetate rayon dyes, total (see tables 10 and 11 for total 
of all acetate rayon dyes) * 



Black, IV, IV ex., AZO, B, BGD, BNF, EC, G, 3G, 
OFS, GN, 3GNF, GS, GY, J, JF, LNB, NS, PL, 

SN, SS' .-.. 

Blue, B, 2B, BGF, BNN, BP, BXN, EC, FFG, 

FFR, FFRN, GR, LB, M^ 

Brown B, O, JG, R, 2R 

Orange, I, III, BL, FSI, GL, GR, GRN, R, 2R, 3R, 

4R, RB' - 

Red, II, III, VI-X, VII, VIII, IX, B, 2B, BG, BLF, 
BS, BX, C. CBS, G, GP, LRB, MBS, NB, R, 

RFA, RP, Y8 

Yellow, #17, IX, XII, XIII, 6D, F, FFA, FSI, G, 
5G, 3GA, 7GE, GL, GLF, GN, 6QN, GOO, OS, 

HEB, L3Q, RN* 

All other 

Acid yellow CW, 3G, OR, R, Y 

Anthraquinone vat gray #7542, BR, OGL, M, R 

Anthraquinone vat navy blue, BN, BRA 

Anthraquinone vat red brown, R, RB, 5RF 

Azoic dyes and their components (see tables 10, 11, and 

14 for data on nil azoic dyes and their components) ">.. 

Chrome green B, CB, G 



1,000 
pounds 
319 

129 

1, 165 

528 

1,014 

891 

36 
560 
232 
131 
140 
158 
136 

92 

54 
116 
674 

86 



216 

120 

363 

197 

61 

355 

336 

53 

48 

718 

1,299 

143 



534 
300 

92 
116 
669 

56 

110 

10, 320 



21, 896 



5,711 



3,164 



1,081 
76 



240 



696 
59 



558 
65 



1,842 
84 



1,000 
pounds 
319 
106 
1,100 
416 
974 
915 



1,000 

dollars 

238 

118 

1,446 
768 

1,205 

1,227 



522 

173 

125 

137 

156 

1?0 

87 

57 

116 

624 

72 

37 

22 

167 

96 

324 

140 

53 

282 

355 

32 

37 

505 

924 

99 

27 

223 

103 

46 

23 

562 

47 

103 

,997 



20, 008 



561 

207 

302 

378 

421 

388 

188 

67 

86 

474 

332 

44 

66 

215 

106 

417 

138 

71 

300 

292 

48 

86 

699 

1,279 

349 

80 

478 

251 

191 

64 

1,477 

128 

127 

16, 082 



29,952 



5,140 



5,557 



2,788 

1,071 
61 

190 



603 

48 



38 
576 



1,620 
68 



2,055 

1,743 

67 



933 

95 

15 

66 

628 

176 

3,236 
46 



See footnotes at end of table, p. 23. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



23 



Table 8A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
coal-tar dyes, 1948 — Continued 



Colour 
Index or 
Proto- 
type 
No. 



Dye 



Produc- 
tion 



Sales 



Quan- 
tity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



UNGROUPED DYES 3— Continued 



Chrome yellow FTL, 20, 2GN, SSN, SW 

Direct black AWG, GW, 30, 5G, RW, ULR 

Direct brOliant violet B, 4B, R 

Direct brown CWR, FW, GB, a2R, 3GS, KRS, R, 

RD, RY . 

Direct fast orange G, 2G, 4G, 2GL, L4GL, L7GL, R, 

RGL, 4RL, 5RL 

Direct fast red 3BL, 8BLN. 7BNL, IDC, R, WL_.. 

Direct fast rubine B, LB, WL 

Direct green GB, 5GSC, 2Y 

Direct navy blue B, BW, DB, G, RY 

Oil orange, #30, MT 

Oil red, #322, EGM, ORO, N-1700, OB, Y-292 

All other ungrouped dyes 



1,000 
pounds 



299 

87 

57 

145 

157 
85 
24 

183 
35 

615 
11, 949 



1,000 

pounds 

29 

286 

83 

63 

109 
125 
78 
28 
168 



1.000 

dollars 

16 

145 



201 
223 
100 
17 
117 



Per 

pound 

$0.55 

.51 

1.05 



1.84 
1.78 
1.29 
.61 



626 
10, 896 



639 
18, 627 



1.02 
1.71 



• Does not include derivatives of carbazole (Colour Inde.x Nos. 969 and 971). 

2 Includes drug and cosmetic dyes, external, data on which are confidential. 

3 See tables 12 and 13 for statistics on ungrouped dyes by chemical class and by class of application. 
' Excludes acetate rayon dyes that appear under "Dyes grouped by Foreign Prototype number." 

5 Includes developed black, direct black, and monoazo black. 

6 Includes brilliant blue, direct blue, navy blue, pure blue, and saphirole blue. 
' Includes golden orange and light orange. 

* Includes pink, rubine, and scarlet. 

9 Includes brilliant yellow, direct yellow, fast yellow, fluorescent yellow, and golden yellow. 
ID Excludes azoic dyes and their components that appear under "Dyes grouped by Colour Index number" 
and "Dyes grouped by Foreign Prototype number." 

Note.— The statistics on sales of dyes in 1948 do not include the quantity and value of interplant transfers 
as the statistics for 1947 and earlier years did. The sales statistics given in this report, therefore, are not 
strictly comparable with the sales statistics given in earlier reports. Before 1948 interplant transfers 
probably did not account for more than 10 percent of the total of sales plus transfers. 

Dyes for which separate statistics are shown m table 8A represent 
77 percent of the total quantity of aU dyes produced in 1948. In 
1948, as in previous years, the greater part (75 percent) of all dyes 
produced consisted of dyes grouped by Colour Index number. The 
output of these dyes totaled 152 million pounds in 1948, or about 12 
percent less than the 173 million pounds reported for 1947. Dyes 
having recognized Foreign Prototypes, however, increased in output 
to 27.5 million pounds in 1948, or about 28 percent greater than in 
1947. Production of ungrouped dyes also increased, totaling 22 
million pounds in 1948 compared with 18 million in 1947. Production 
of food, drug, and cosmetic dyes reached 1.3 million pounds, or 31 
percent greater than in 1947. 

Individual dyes for which table 8A shows decreased production in 
1948 include sulfur black (13.5 million pounds, or 58 percent below 
the all-time peak of 32.4 million pounds in 1947) and synthetic indigo 
(22.2 million pounds, or 14 percent less than the 25.8 million produced 
in 1947). Both of these are low-priced dyes. Decreases were re- 
ported also for sulfur blue (44 percent), Bismarck brown R (29 per- 
cent), and sulfur brown (15 percent). Production of direct black 
EW, on the other hand, reached 14.1 million pounds in 1948, or 26 



24 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



percent larger than the 11.2 million pounds produced in 1947. Other 
dyes also increased in output- — acid alizarin blue B (53 percent), 
developed black BH (42 percent), chrome black T (17 percent), and 
acid black lOB (17 percent). 

Production and sales of dyes in 1948, by chemical classes, are shown 
in table 9. As in former years, four classes of dyes accounted for 
about 85 percent of the total output of all dyes: Azo dyes, for 44 
percent; indigoid and thioindigoid dyes, for 16 percent; anthraquinone 
vat dyes, for 14 percent; and sulfur or sulfide dyes, for 10 percent. 
The largest increase in 1948 was in the output of azo dyes, which 
increased by 10.4 million pounds (or by 13.2 percent) over the output 
in 1947. The largest decrease was reported for sulfur or sulfide dyes, 
a class of low average unit value; these dyes declined in output about 
51 percent, from 41.8 million pounds in 1947 to 20.4 million pounds 
in 1948. 

Average annual production of dyes by class of application during 
1942-46, together with production in 1947 and 1948, is shown in 
table 10. Corresponding data for sales are given in table 11. Based 

Table 9. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of coal-tar 
dyes, by chemical class, 1948 



Chemical class 



Produc- 
tion 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit value 



Total 

Azo 

Sulfur or sulfide ' 

Indigoid and thioindigoid 

Anthraquinone vat ^ 

Triphenylmethane and diphenylnaphthylmethane 

Anthraquinone 

Azine 

Stilbene 

Pyrazolone,--- 

Xanthene 

Ketonimine 

Thiazole 

Thiazine 

Acridine 

QuinolLne 

Oxazine 

All other 3 



1,000 
pounds 
201, 376 



1,000 
pounds 
186, 782 



1,000 
dollars 
163, 833 



88, 559 

20, 366 

31,374 

27, 691 

8,136 

7,840 

4,963 

2,070 

1,923 

1,583 

1,266 

1,255 

701 

156 

201 

49 

3,243 



81, 621 

22, 269 

29, 130 

24,523 

6, 343 

7,170 

4,604 

1,859 

1,934 

1,085 

1,249 

1,141 

609 

143 

171 

47 

2,884 



72, 795 

6,394 

10, 584 

33, 479 

9,246 

12, 588 

2,678 

2,307 

2,381 

3,057 

1,450 

1,369 

701 

214 

400 

79 

4,111 



Per 
pound 



.29 
.36 
1.37 
1.48 
1.76 
.58 
1.24 
1.23 
2.82 
1.16 
1.20 
1.15 
1.50 
2.34 
1.68 
1.50 



1 Colour Index sulfur dyes only. 

2 Includes carbazole vat dyes. 

3 Includes naphthalimide, nitro, nitroso, aniline black, and allied dyes; also includes rubber colors and 
miscellaneous mixtures, as well as sulfur dyes which are not included in the Colour Index group. Statistics 
for these groups cannot be published separately without disclosing confidential information. 

Note.— The statistics on sales of dyes in 1948 do not include the quantity and value of interplant transfers 
as the statistics for 1947 and earlier years did. The sales statistics given in this report, therefore, are not 
strictly comparable with the .sales statistics given in earlier reports. Before 1948 interplant transfers prob- 
ably did not account for more thar 10 percent of the total of sales plus transfers. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



25 



on application or use, four classes of dyes accounted for about 80 
percent of the total output of all dyes in 1948. Vat dyes, the largest 
single class, accounted for 30 percent of the total; direct dyes for 26 
percent; acid dyes for 13 percent; and sulfur dyes for 10 percent. 
The output in 1948 of sulfur dyes decreased by 51 percent compared 
with 1947 and the output of vat dyes by 2 percent. On the other 
hand, the output of direct dyes increased by 20 percent and that of 
acid dyes by 9 percent. 

Table 10. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production of coal-tar dyes, 
by class of application, average, 1942-^6, annual, 1947 and 1948 



Class of application 


Average, 
1942-46 


1947 


1948 




Quantity (1,000 pounds) 


Total 


155, 812 


212, 307 


201, 376 






Acetate rayon _-_ _ . .. 


3,739 
18, 054 
4,889 
7,042 
31, 996 
5,180 
9,588 
21, 083 

52, 400 


6,208 
23, 371 

8,085 
10, 327 
43, 480 

6,303 

9,565 

1 41, 820 

2 60, 797 


7,679 


Acid- . - - 


25, 549 




9,298 


Basic - - . . . 


9,452 


Direct . 


51, 967 


Lake and spirit-soluble.- ,._ -_..... 


6,424 


Mordant and chrome 


7,878 


Sulfur 


' 20, 366 


Vat, total 


2 59, 825 






Indigo - 


17, 946 
34, 454 

1,841 


25, 805 
34, 992 

2,351 


22, 205 


Another 


37, 620 


All other coal-tar dyes ._ 


2,938 








Percent of total quantity 


Total 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 






Acetate rayon _ _ . . 


2.4 
11.6 
3.1 
4.5 
20.5 
3.3 
6.2 
13.6 

33.6 


2.9 
11.0 
3.8 
4.9 
20.5 
3.0 
4.5 

1 19.7 

2 28.6 


3.8 


Acid-- ._. 


12.7 


Azoic -- - .-.-... 


4.6 


Basic - .. . 


4.7 


Direct -.- -- _-. _ .-. . ... .. 


25.8 


Lake and spirit-soluble 


3.2 


Mordant and chrome 


3.9 


Sulfur 


1 10.1 


Vat, total- . 


2 29.7 






Indigo -. 


11.5 
22.1 

1.2 


12.1 
16.5 

1.1 


11.0 


Another 


18.7 


All other coal-tar dyes ..- _. 


1.5 







' Colour Index sulfur dyes only. Other sulfur dyes are included in "All other coal-tar dyes" to prevent 
disclosing confidential information. 
2 Does not include leuco ester vat dyes. These are included vi^ith the direct dyes. 



857784 — 49- 



26 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 11. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States sales of coal-tar dyes, by 
class of application, average, 1942-46, annual, 19J+7 and 1948 



Class of application 




Total 

Acetate rayon 

Acid 

Azoic 

Basic 

Direct 

Lake and spirit-soluble 
Mordant and chrome , . 
Sulfur 

Vat, total 

Indigo. 

All other 

All other coal-tar dyes. 



Total 

Acetate rayon 

Acid 

Azoic 

Basic 

Direct 

Lake and spirit-soluble 
Mordant and chrome . . 
Sulfur 

Vat, total 

Indigo 

All other 

All other coal-tar dyes. 



Total 

Acetate rayon... 

Acid... 

Azoic 

Basic 

Direct-- 

Lake and spirit-soluble 
Mordant and chrome. . 
Sulfur 

Vat, total 

Indigo 

Another 

All other coal-tar dyes. 



Quantity (1,000 pounds) 



152, 700 



3, 599 
17, 723 
4,613 
6,629 
32, 613 
4,926 
9,310 
21, 085 

50, 416 



17,516 
32,900 



1,786 



205, 210 



5, 634 

22, 691 

7,936 

9,460 

43, 652 

5.887 

9,558 

' 39, 485 

« 58, 645 



25, 917 
32, 728 



186, 782 



6,776 

23, 365 

7,377 

8,295 

47,841 

5,763 

7,658 

■ 22, 269 

2 54, 549 



21, 145 
33, 404 



Percent of total quantity 



100.0 



2.4 
11.6 
3.0 
4.3 
21.4 
3.2 
6.1 
13.8 

33.0 



11.5 
21.5 



100.0 



2.7 
11.1 
3.8 
4.6 
21.3 
2.9 
4.7 
»19.2 

2 28.6 



12.6 
16.0 



100.0 



3.6 
12.5 
4.0 
4.4 
25.6 
3.1 
4.1 
111.9 

2 29.2 



11.3 
17.9 



Value (1,000 dollars) 



107, 861 



3,574 
14, 464 
6,612 
6,835 
19, 503 
3,514 
5, 296 
5,376 

39,853 



2,842 
37, Oil 



2,834 



148, 154 



6,496 
19, 940 
13, 650 
10, 607 
31,213 
4,029 
6,671 

1 12, 088 

2 38, 632 



5,197 
33, 435 



4,828 



163,833 



8,676 
22, 955 
14,911 
10, 674 
38,605 
4,617 
6,286 
' 6, 394 

2 44, 417 



4,286 
40, 131 



6,298 



See footnotes at end of table, p. 27. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 194 8 



27 



Table 11. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States sales of coal-tar dyes, by 
class of application, average, 194^-46, annual, 1947 and 1948 — Continued 



Class of application 



Average, 
1942^6 



1947 



1948 



Percent of total value 



TotaL 



Acetate rayon 

Acid 

Azoic 

Basic 

Direct 

Lake and spirit-soluble . 
Mordant and chrome... 
Sulfur... 



Vat, total. 



Indigo _ . . 
All other. 



100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


3.3 


4.4 


5.3 


13.4 


13.4 


14.0 


6.1 


9.2 


9.1 


6.3 


7.? 


6.5 


18.1 


21.1 


23.6 


3.3 


2.7 


2.8 


4.9 


4.5 


3.8 


5.0 


18.2 


13.9 


36.9 


2 26.1 


2 27.1 



-^11 other coal-tar dyes. 



2.6 
34.3 



2.7 



3.5 
22.6 



2.6 
24.5 



1 Colour Index sulfur dyes only. Other sulfur dyes are included in "All other coal-tar dyes" to prevent 
disclosing confidential information. 

2 Does not include leuco ester vat dyes. These are included with the direct dyes. 

Note. — The statistics on sales of dyes in 1948 do not include the quantity and value of interplant transfers 
as the statistics for 1947 and earlier years did. The sales statistics given in this leport, therefore, are not 
strictly comparable with the sales statistics given in earlier reports. Before 1948 interplant transfers 
probably did not account for more than 10 percent of the total of sales plus transfers. 

Sales of vat dyes in 1948 totaled 54.5 million pounds, valued at 
44.4 million dollars; these dyes accounted for 29 percent of the total 
quantity and 27 percent of the total value of all dyes sold in 1948. 
Direct dyes accounted for 26 percent of the total quantity sold and 
24 percent of the total value of sales in that year; acid dyes for 13 
percent of the quantity and 14 percent of the value; and sulfur dyes 
for 12 percent of the quantity and 4 percent of the value. 

Production and sales of ungrouped dyes (those having neither a 
Colour Index nor a Prototype number) by chemical class and by 
class of application are shown for the first time in this report. In 
1948 ungrouped azo dyes, the largest single chemical group, accounted 
for 62 percent of both the total quantity of production and quantity 
of sales (see table 12). Direct dyes accounted for 32 percent of the 
total output and 31 percent of the total sales of all ungrouped dyes 
in 1948; acetate rayon dyes accounted for 26 percent of both the 
output and the sales, and vat dyes for 16 percent of the output and 
19 percent of the sales of ungrouped dyes (see table 13). 



28 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 12. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
ungrouped dyes, by chemical class, 1948 



Chemical class 


Production 


Sales 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit value 


Total - 


1,000 
pounds 
21, 896 


1,000 
pounds 
20, 008 


1,000 
dollars 
29,952 


Per pound 
$1.50 








13, 619 
(') 

1.437 
586 

6,254 


12, 310 
2 4, 227 

1,341 
434 

1,696 


16, 410 

2 6, 929 

2,407 

1,268 

2,938 


1.33 


Anthraquinone vat .- 


1.64 




1.79 


Stilbene _ . _ 


2.92 


All other' 


1.73 







' Included in "All other." 

2 Includes carbazole vat dyes. 

3 Includes triphenylmethane, pyrazolone, xanthene, quinoline, acridine, and indigoid dyes. 

Table 13. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
ungrouped dyes, by class of application, 1948 



Class of application 


Production 


Sales 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit value 


Total 


1,000 
pounds 
21, 896 


1,000 
pounds 
20, 008 


1,000 
dollars 
29, 952 


Per pound 
$L50 








5,711 
1,028 
1.842 
7,105 
1,179 
3,580 
1,451 


5,140 
947 
1,620 
6,106 
1,065 
3,695 
1,435 


5,557 
1,610 
3,236 
10, 214 
1,788 
5,389 
2,158 


1.08 


Acid - - 


L70 




2.00 




1.67 


Lake and spirit-soluble.. . 


1.68 


Vat 1 


1.46 


Another 


1.51 







> Does not include leuco ester vat dyes. These are included with the direct dyes. 

Production and sales of azoic dyes and theii' components in 1948 
are shown in table 14. Production in 1948 totaled 9.3 million pounds 
compared with 8.1 million pounds in 1947 and 8.2 million pounds in 
1946. The output of rapidogens increased to 1.8 million pounds 
in 1948 compared with 1.3 million pounds reported in 1947. Total 
production of Naphthols was 30 percent greater in 1948 than in 1947, 
and production of the principal Naphthol — Naphthol AS — was 38 
percent greater. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 19 48 



29 



Table 14. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
azoic dyes and their components, 1948 



Foreign 
Proto- 
type 
No. 



Dye or component 



Produc- 
tion 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



168 
169 



170 
171 



«117 
S118 
94 
260 
262 
264 
268 
269 
271 
273 



302 
303 
304 
305 
306 
309 
311 
313 



Grand total ' 

Dyes and components for which separate statistics 
may not be shown 2 

Dyes and components for which separate statistics 
are shown below 

DYES 
Rapidogen, total 

Blue 3 

Bordeaux 

Brown 

Red OS 

RedRS 

Red< 

Scarlet RS 

Yellow Q 

All other 



COMPONENTS 



Fast color bases: 
Red B 

Scarlet R 

Scarlet 2Q 8 

Bordeaux GP '. 
Garnet GBC 8_. 
Orange GO s.-. 

Red QL6 

Red3GL6 

RedRCe 

RedTR8 

All other 

Fast color salts: 

Red 

All other 



Naphthols, total- 



Naphthol AS 

Naphthol AS-BO- 
Naphthol AS-BR_ 
Naphthol AS-BS-. 
Naphthol AS-D__. 
Naphthol AS-Q_.. 
Naphthol AS-OL. 
Naphthol AS-SW. 
All other... 



1,000 
pounds 
9,298 



139 
9,159 

1,789 



383 
138 
82 
131 
149 
263 
158 
136 
349 



254 

319 

363 

197 

61 

355 

336 

53 

48 

242 

203 
1,081 

3,470 



1,299 
143 



534 
300 
92 
116 
669 
317 



1.000 
pounds 
7,377 



1,000 

dollars 

14, 911 



124 
,253 



362 
130 
83 
125 
137 
256 
156 
120 
301 



298 

209 

319 

324 

140 

53 

282 

355 

32 

37 

215 

160 
975 



924 
99 
27 
223 
103 
46 
23 
562 
177 



278 
14, 633 

5,375 



1,511 
371 
303 
302 
378 
675 
421 
388 

1,026 



407 
415 
238 
417 
138 
71 
300 
292 



217 
1,209 



1,279 
349 

80 
478 
251 
191 

64 

1,477 

638 



Per 
pound 
$2.02 



2.26 
2.02 

3.22 

4.17 
2.85 
3.65 
2.41 
2.76 
2.64 
2.70 
3.24 
3.41 



1.36 
1.99 

.74 
1.29 

.98 
1.35 
1.06 

.82 
1.49 
2.31 
2.85 

1.35 
1.24 

2.20 



1.38 
3.52 
3.01 
2.14 
2.44 
4.12 
2.81 
2.63 
3.60 



' Total shown represent all azoic dyes and their components. Total shown in tables 8 A and 13 represent 
ungrouped azoic dyes and their components only. 

2 Includes rapid fast and fur dyes. 

3 Includes navy blue. 
* Includes scarlet. 

5 Colour Index number. 
8 Base and salt combined. 

Note. — The statistics on sales of dyes in 1948 do not include the quantity and value of interplant transfers 
as the statistics for 1947 and earlier years did. The sales statistics given in this report, therefore, are not 
strictly comparable with the sales statistics given in earlier reports. Before 1948 interplant transfers prob- 
ably did not account for more than 10 percent of the total of sales plus transfers. 



30 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Lak 



es an 



dTo 



ners 



Statistics on production and sales of all lakes and toners are given 
in table 15A^ and of selected commercial forms in table 16. Lakes 
and toners consist of soluble dyes precipitated on a reactive insoluble 
substratum or of insoluble dyes which are used as organic pigments in 
printing inks, plastics and resin materials, and paints and lacquers. 
Lakes and toners are produced as extended colors (lakes and reduced 
toners) and as full-strength colors (toners). Lakes and reduced 
toners are extended by means of a solid diluent. In this report these 
pigments are grouped as (1) lakes, (2) toners or full-strength colors, 
and (3) reduced or extended colors. Each group in turn is subdivided 
according to color. Whenever possible, individual lakes and toners 
are identified by the Colour Index number or Foreign Prototype num- 
ber of the dyes^from which they may be made. In 1948, for the first 
time in these reports, statistics are shown also for a few selected pig- 
ments in terms of their commercial forms (dry, flushed, and pulp 
forms) . 

In 1948 production of extended colors (lakes and reduced toners) 
and full-strength colors (toners) as a group totaled 40.9 million 
pounds, or 7.9 percent more than the previous record output of 
37.9 million pounds for 1947. Sales in 1948 totaled 34.3 million 
pounds, valued at 39.2 million dollars. 

Table 15A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 

lakes and toners, 1948 

[Listed below are all lakes and toners for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are confidential and may not be published or where no data 
were reported.) Table l.'iB in part 111 lists all lakes and toners for which data on production or sales 
were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 





Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Product 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Grand total 


1,000 
pounds 
40,880.3 


1,000 
pounds 
34, 299. 7 


1,000 
dollars 
39,181.3 


Per 

pound 
$1.14 






LAKES OR LAKE COLORS 
Total 


9,046.7 


6, 977. 6 


4, 784. 7 


.69 






Products for which separate statistics may not be shown 

Products for which separate statistics are shown below 


2. 207. 3 
6, 839. 4 


2, 1.33. 3 
4, 844. 3 


894.4 
3, 890. 3 


.42 

.80 






Black lakes: Logwood black (C. I. 1253).... 


193.9 
3, 777. 7 


181.7 
2, 017. 4 


134.1 
1,673.5 


74 


Blue lakes, total . . 


.83 






Methylene blue (C. I. 922) 


28.0 

3, 183. 8 

28.8 

3.3 

533.8 

34.3 


28.0 

1, 482. 7 

29.3 

3.5 

473.9 

36.0 


29.2 

1, 175. 9 

27.0 

4.2 

437.2 

25.7 


1 04 


Peacock blue, fugitive (Patent blue) (C. I. 671) 

Victoria blue B (C. L 729). 


.79 
92 


Victoria pure blue B (Pr. 198) 

All other 


1.20 
92 


Brown lakes, total 


.71 






Bismarck brown 


1.6 
32.7 


3.8 
32.2 


4.1 
21.6 


1.08 


Another 


.67 



» See also table 15B, part III, which lists these products and identifies the manufacturers. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



31 



Table 15 A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
lakes and toners, 1948 — Continued 



Product 



Produc- 
tion 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



LAKES OR LAKE COLORS— Continued 



Green lakes, total. 



Acid green B (C.I. 669) _. 
Brilliant ereen (C. I. 662) . 
Pigment green B (Pr. 149). 

All other 

Maroon lakes: 
Azo Bordeaux (C. I. 88)... 
Helio fast rubine 



Orange lakes, total. 



Acid orange R (C. I. 161) 

Persian orange (Acid orange Y) (Orange II) (C. 1. 151). 

All other 

Red lakes: 

Alizarin red B (C. I. 1027) 

Eosine (Bromo acid lake) (C. I. 768) 

Lithosol red 2B _ 

Pigment scarlet 3B (C. I. 216) 

Rhodamine B (C. I. 749) 

Scarlet 2R (C. L 79) 

Violet lakes, total 



Methyl violet B (C. I. 680). 
All other 



Yellow lakes, total. 



Fast lieht yellow (C. I. 636).. 
Naphthol yellow S (C. I. 10). 
Quinoline yellow (C. I. 801) _. 

Tartrazine (C. I. 640) 

All other 



TONERS OR FULL-STRENGTH COLORS 
Total 



Products for which separate statistics may not be shown. 
Products for which separate statistics are shown below . _ . 



Blue toners, total 

Alkali blue''(C. I. 704) 

Setoglaucine (Peacock blue G) (C. I. 658), PMA, PTA, and 

PTMA 

Peacock blue R (C. L 664), PTA and PTMA 

Phthalocvanine blue B (Pr. 281) 

Victoria blue B (C. I. 729), PMA and PTA 

Victoria blue B (C. I. 729), PTMA 

Victoria pure blue B (Pr. 198), PMA 

Victoria pure blue B (Pr. 198), PTA 

Victoria pure blue B (Pr. 198), PTMA 

All other 



Green toners, total 

Brilliant green (C.T. 662), 'PMA and PTA 

Brilliant green (C.I. 662),fPTMA 

Brilliant green (C. I. 662) and thioflavine (C. I. 815), PMA and 

PTA_ _ 

Brilliant green (C. I. 662) and thioflavine (C. I. 815). PTMA-- 

Malachite green (C. I. 657), PMA and PTA 

Malachite green (C. 1.657), PTMA 

Malachite green (C. I. 657) and thioflavine (C. I. 815), PMA, 

PTA, and PTMA 

Pigment green B toner (Pr. 149) 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 
492.8 



1,000 
pounds 
463. 



1,000 
dollars 
250.7 



5.5 

9.7 

390.7 



294.7 
210.0 



5.3 
13.4 



4.8 
20.1 



267.7 
209.3 



275.5 



225.8 



105.7 
372.4 



129.6 



6.8 

294.0 

15.2 

194.6 

45.8 
123.7 
248.5 

12.6 
578.8 

103.8 



7.5 

254.8 

13.2 

180.6 
36.3 
93.2 

240.2 
11.2 

541.7 

104.2 



4.7 

119.8 

5.1 

353. 8 
25.0 
47.7 

291.8 
9.5 

236.6 

77.8 



91.5 
12.3 



212.2 



92.9 
11.3 



186.3 



69.5 
8.3 



156.4 



53.4 
7.3 
13.5 
121.1 
16.9 



23,351.9 



10.0 
142.3 
21.5 



10.6 
113.5 
19.4 



28, 097. 5 



56.4 
23, 295. 5 



21.1 
19, 472. 3 



42.2 
28, 055. 3 



2, 837. 1 



2, 207. 4 



4, 978. 6 



1,281.7 

27.3 

3.5 

850.2 

73.4 

31.9 

6.7 

3.7 

55.1 

503.6 

978.0 



849.3 

27.7 

2.9 

653.5 

73.5 

29.1 

5.4 

3.2 

55.3 

507.5 

810.4 



1. 376. 2 

155.8 

16.5 

2,133.6 

198.5 

107.4 

18.3 

11.4 

204.8 

756.1 

2. 032. 3 



21.2 
45.8 

12.1 
81.1 
8.5 
15.3 

5.8 
512.6 
275.6 



5.0 
40.4 

10.8 
75.1 
9.3 
14.2 

5.6 
381.7 
268.3 



17.7 
144.6 

45.7 

308.8 

27.0 

42.8 

18.5 

422.9 

1,004.3 



32 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 15A. 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
lakes and toners, 1948 — Continued 





Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Product 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


TONERS OR FULL-STRENOTH COLORS— Continued 
Maroon toners, total. 


1,000 
pounds 
1,159.3 


1,000 
pounds 
1,013.0 


1.000 
dollars 
3.043.8 


Per 
pound 
$3 00 






/S-Hydroxynaphthoic maroon (B. 0. N. Maroon) (Lithol 
maroon) 


325.0 

3.6 

237.0 

593.7 

340.1 


242.1 

3.6 

212.1 

555.2 

296.5 


393.1 

4.3 

659.4 

1,987.0 

384.5 


1 62 


C. I. 82, a-Naphthylaminemaroon _ . . 


1.19 


Toluidine maroon 


3 11 


Another 


3 58 


Orange toners, total __ . 


1.30 






Benzidine orange. . 


24.1 
197.1 
82.8 
36.1 

15,714.6 


23.9 
172.1 
62.5 
38.0 

13, 090. 1 


55.6 
187.0 
57.6 
84.3 

14, 397. 8 


2 33 


2,4-Dinitroaniline orange 


1 09 


o-Nitroaniline orange .. 


92 


All other 


2 22 


Red toners, total 


1 10 






o-Chloronitroaniline red (Chlorinated para red) 


859.2 

967.1 

5, 594. 4 

3,146.1 

1, 739. 9 

708.4 

512.3 

34.9 

74.9 

1,166.7 

828.3 

322.7 

7.8 

960.2 

18.2 

36.7 

7.2 

87.1 

3. 306. 8 

930. 1 

164.1 
13.8 
93.1 

338.6 

1, 656. 8 


740.5 

435. 6 

4, 977. 6 

2,751.2 

1,549.4 

677.0 

459.3 

38.5 

52.1 

1,066.3 

666.0 

268.9 

6.5 

751.3 

9.0 

32.4 

5.3 

78.2 

2, 654. 6 

848.0 

144.6 
13.0 
95.1 

284.5 

1,517.7 


722.5 

586. 8 

3, 814. 8 

2, 095. 7 

1,193.0 

526.1 

652.6 

73.9 

128.4 

903.2 

.561.9 

511.3 

12.4 

754.1 

40.4 

145.2 

24.2 

346.3 

3, 505. 6 

1,614.2 

197.5 
34.2 
195.8 
274.7 

2, 516. 1 


98 


Eosine (Bromo acid toner) (C. I. 768) 


1.34 


Lithol red R toners (C. I. 189), total ... 


78 


Barium toner 


76 


Calcium toner 


77 


Sodium toner .. .. . 


78 


Lithol rubine B (C. L 163). 


1.42 


Lithosol red 2B 


1 92 


Naphthol AS (Pr. 302) 


2.46 


C. L 44, Para red, light . . 


85 


Parared,dark 


84 


Permanent red 2B 


1 90 




1 91 


Red Lake C (C. 1. 165) 


1 00 


Rhodamine B (C. I. 749), PM A and PTA. . 


4 49 


Rhodamine B (C. I. 749), PTMA. 


4.48 


Rhodamine 6G (C. I. 752), PTA.. 


4 57 


Rhodamine 60 (C. I. 752), PTMA.... .. 


4 43 


C. 1.69, Toluidine red 


1.32 


All other _. 


1 90 


Violet toners: 
Methyl violet B (C. I. 680), PMA 
Methyl violet B (C. I. 680), PTA 

Methyl violet B (C. I. 680), PTMA... 


1.37 
2.55 
2.06 


Methyl violet B (C. I. 680), fugitive.. . 


.97 




1 66 






Benzidine yellow... 


891.6 
420.5 

27.0 
133.5 

12.4 
171.8 


846.8 

391.8 

26.0 

99.7 

11.5 

141.9 


1, 365. 5 
648.8 

43.2 
185.2 

25.4 
248.0 


1 61 


Pr. 103, Hansa yellow G 


1.66 




1 66 


Pr. 105, Hansa yellow lOG 


1 86 


Pr. 280, Hansa yellow 3R.... 


2 21 


All other ... 


1.75 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



33 



Table 15A. 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
lakes and toners, 1948 — Continued 



Product 



REDUCED OR EXTENDED TONERS 

Total- 

Products for which separate statistics may not be shown 

Products for which separate statistics are shown below 

Blue toners, reduced; 

Peacock blue R (C. I. 664), PTA and PTMA 

Seto^laucine (Peacock blue G) (C. I. 658), PTA and PTMA... 
Victoria blue B (C. I. 729), PMA, PTA, and PTMA 

Green toners, reduced: 

Brilliant green (C. I. 662), PTA and PTMA 

Brilliant green (C. I. 662) and thioflavine (C. I. 815), PMA and 
PTMA 

Maroon toners, reduced: j3-Hydroxynaphthoic maroon (B. O. N. 
Maroon) (Lithol maroon) 

Orange toners, reduced 

Red toners, reduced, total 

o-Chloronitroaniline red (Chlorinated para red) 

Lithol red R toners (C. 1. 189), total 

Barium toner 

All other 

Lithol rubine B (C. I. 163) 

C. L 44, Para red, light 

Para red, dark 

Red Lake C (C. I. 165) 

Rhodamine B (C. I. 749), PMA, PTA, and PTMA 

Rhodamine 60 (C. I. 752), PMA, PTA, and PTMA 

C. L 69, Toluidine red 

All other 

Violet toners, reduced: Methyl violet B (C. I. 680), PMA, PTA, 
and PTMA 

Yellow toners, reduced: Pr. 103, Hansa yellow G 



Produc- 
tion 



1,000 
pounds 
8,481.7 



6. 308. 2 
2,173.5 



9.9 
25.0 
89.2 

30.5 



16.1 

27.2 

1,642.3 



27.5 

155.8 

147.8 

8.0 

499.5 

64.1 
140.4 

12.1 

45.3 
107.3 
187.0 
403.3 

94.0 
193.5 



Sales 



Quantity 



1,000 
pounds 
7, 828. 7 



5. 934. 5 
1, 894. 2 



11.0 
25.4 



41.4 



12.4 

24.6 
1,538.7 



152.4 

139.9 

12.5 

496.1 

77.0 

1.34. 2 

17.9 

38.1 

89.4 

166.4 

367.2 

86.1 
154.6 



Value 



1,000 
dollars 
6, 299. 1 



5, 243. 
1, 056. 1 



21.7 
50.2 



12.6 
20.9 

785.8 



79.1 

72.2 

6.9 

172.8 
13.8 
26.1 
12.9 
37.3 
58.2 
54.8 

330.8 

68.5 
71.1 



Unit 
value 



Per 
pound 
$0.80 



1.97 
1.98 



.61 



1.02 
.85 
.51 



.52 
.52 
.55 
.35 
.18 
.19 
.72 
.98 
.65 
.33 
.91 

.80 
.46 



Note.— The C. I. and Pr. numbers stand for Colour Index and Foreign Prototype numbers of the dyes 
from which the lakes or toners may be produced. When the number precedes the name of the toner, it 
signifies that the toner is the same as the dye described in the Colour Index or Foreign Prototype listing. 

"The abbreviations PMA, PTA, and PTxVIA stand for phosphomolybdic, phosphotungstic, and phospho- 
tungstomolybdic acids, respectively. 

The statistics on sales of lakes and toners in 1948 do not include the quantity and value of interplant trans- 
fers as the statistics for 1947 and earlier years did. The sales statistics given in this report, therefore, are 
not strictly comparable with the sales statistics given in the earlier reports. Before 1948 interplant transfers 
probably did not account for more than 10 percent of the total of sales plus transfers. 



34 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 16. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
selected dry, flushed, and pulp colors, 1948 ^ 

[Listed below are selected dry, flushed, and pulp colors for which data on production or sales may be pub- 
lished. (Leaders are used where data are confidential and may not be jiublished or where no data were 
reported.)] 





Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Product 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Alkali blue toner (C. I. 704): 2 
Flushed form,. .. 


1,000 

pounds 

1,714.1 


1,000 
pounds 
1, 388. 4 
165.8 

666.8 
832.7 

255.0 
545.2 

2, 384. 5 
546.5 
235.4 

1, 225. 
147.0 

588.7 
115.4 


1,000 
dollars 

1, 503. 9 
190.7 

1, 072. 4 
395.5 

197.0 
473.2 

2, 031. 
250.3 

58.9 

947.3 
89.6 

525.5 
66.7 


Per 
pound 
$1.08 


Pulp form 


1.15 


Benzidine yellow toner: ' 
Drv form- . ... 


715.3 
786.8 

786.4 
648.4 

2, 752. 1 
609.6 
248.0 

1, 335. 1 
166.5 

608.7 
162.1 

196.8 

379.9 

36.4 

111.8 

495.6 

36.8 

1, 342. 6 
975.3 
205.9 

2, 819. 3 


1 61 


Flushed form ._ 


.47 


Eosine (C. I. 768) and phloxine (C. I. 774) toners: 3 
Drv form . _ .... ... 


77 


Flushed form 


.87 


Lithol red, barium toner: 
Drv form. .. 


.85 


Flushed form 


.46 


Pulp form 


25 


Lithol red, calcium toner: ' 
Dry form 


.77 


Flushed form .. . 


.61 


Lithol red, sodium toner: ' 
Drv form . ... ... 


.89 


Flushed form 


.58 


Methyl violet B (C. I. 680), fugitive: 
Dry form 




Flushed form 


275.8 


216.3 


.78 


Pulp form 




Methyl violet B (C. I. 680), permanent (PMA, PTA, and 
PTMA): 
Dry form 


113,4 

477.1 

28.3 

654.2 
859.4 


216.3 
372.3 
42.0 

503.0 
528.7 


1.91 


Flushed form.. . 


78 


Pulp form . 


1 48 


Peacock blue (C. I. 671), fugitive: 
Dry form ... 


77 


Flushed form ... . . 


.62 


Pulp form 




Toluidine red toner (C. I. 69): 
Drv form 


2, 335. 5 
239.9 
209.1 


3, 097. 2 
184.8 
88.6 


1.33 


Flushed form 


.77 


Pulp form 


253.9 


.44 







' statistics on production and sales of the organic pigments (color lakes and toners) listed in this table 
are given in terms of the commercial (physical) forms in which they enter commercial channels. Data on 
the flushed and pulp forms therefore are in terms of total weight, including pigment and vehicle (water or 
oil). Data on the dry form represent only that pigment which is sold or consumed in this form. 

2 Data on dry form may not be published. 

3 Data on pulp form may not be published. 

Note. — Not all the companies which reported production and sales in table 15A of one of the lakes or 
toners listed above reported production and sales of the same lake or toner according to dry, flushed, or 
pulp form. 



In 1948 lakes decreased in production, to 9 million pounds com- 
pared with 9.8 million in 1947; but toners increased, to 23.4 million 
pounds compared with 20.3 million, and extended toners ILkewise 
increased, to 8.5 million pounds compared with 7.8 million. 

About two-thirds of the full-strength pigments (toners) produced 
in 1948 consisted of red toners (15.7 million pounds), followed by blue 
toners (2.8 million pounds); yellow (1.7 million pounds); maroon (1.2 
mdlion pounds) ; and green, violet, and orange toners in lesser amounts. 
Of the extended colors for which statistics can be shown, blue lakes 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 35 

(3.8 million pounds) and reduced red toners (1.7 million pounds) 
were produced in the largest quantity. 

Leading individual lakes and toners increased in production as fol- 
lows: Pigment scarlet 3B lake (C. I. 216) to 249,000 pounds in 1948 
from 224,000 pounds in 1947; lithol red R toners (C. I. 189), to 5.6 
million pounds from 5 million; C. I. 69, toluidine red toner, to 3.3 
million pounds from 2.7 million; phthalocyanine blue B toner 
(Pr. 281), to 850,000 pounds from 496,000 pounds; and /S-hydroxynaph- 
thoic maroon toner, to 325,000 pounds from 160,000 pounds. De- 
creases, however, were reported as follows: Scarlet 2R lake 
(C. I. 79), to 579,000 pounds in 1948 from 1.2 million in 1947; pigment 
green B lake (Pr. 149), to 391,000 pounds from 402,000 pounds; and 
Persian orange lake (C. I. 151), to 294,000 pounds from 398,000 
pounds. 

Of the selected dry, flushed, and pulp forms, the dry form of 
toluidine red toner (C. I. 69) was produced in greatest quantity 
(slightly more than 2.8 million pounds), followed by lithol red, barium 
toner, dry form (slightly less than 2.8 million pounds). 

Medicinals 

Medicinal chemicals are divided into three major groups — benze- 
noid compounds, derived principally from coal tar; alicyclic and 
heterocyclic compounds, usually derived from vegetable products 
and animal tissues but sometimes also from coal tar; and acyclic 
compounds, usually derived from petroleum, from natural gas, or from 
grain by fermentation. Alkaloids and other medicinal chemicals 
obtained from plant materials by simple extraction are not covered 
by this report. Statistics on production given in this report are in 
terms of 100-percent content of the medicinal itself, exclusive of all 
diluents or other materials used in mixing or compounding tablets, 
solutions, and suspensions for consumer use. Sales statistics, on the 
other hand, include the quantity and value of the medicinal sold not 
only in bulk form but also in forms for consumer use, some of which 
include diluents, compounding materials, solutions, or suspensions. 

In 1948 production of all medicinal chemicals covered by this 
report amounted to 43.6 million pounds, about 6 million pounds less 
than the previous record output reported for 1947 (see table 17A).^ 
Sales in 1948 totaled 38 million pounds, valued at 248 million dol- 
lars, an average of over $6 per pound. 

* See also table 17B, part III, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufacturers. 



36 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 17A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 

medicinals, 1948 * 

[Listed below are all sjiithetic organic medicinals for which any reported data on production or sales may be 
published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are confidential and may not be published or where 
no data were reported.) Table 17B in part III lists alphabetically all medicinals for which data on produc- 
tion or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Chemical 



Produc- 
tion 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Grand total. 



Total- 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC 



Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown. 
Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below... 



Total. 



Benzenoid 



Acetanilid 

Acetophened itin (Phenacetin) 

Acetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin) 

Acetyltannic acid (Tannigen) (Tarmyl acetate) . 
p-.lminobenzoie acid and sodium salt 



p-Aminobenzoic acid derivatives, total. 



Ethyl p-aminobenzoate (Benzocaine) (.^naesthesin) . 

Procaine hydrochloride 

All other.- 



Benzoic acid salts (medicinal grade only) . 

Benzyl alcohol (medicinal grade only) 

Bismuth subgallate 

Bismuth subsalicylate 

Desoxyephedrine base and hydrochloride. 

Dyes, medicinal 

0-Naphthyl benzoate 

Neoarsphenamine 

Salicylic acid 

Salicylic acid salts 



Sulfa drugs, totaL 



Sulfa-acetamide (N -Acetylsulfanilamide) . 

Sulfathiazole 

All other 



Tannin albuminate (Tannalbin). 
Thymol iodide. 

All other benzenoid medicinals. _. 



Total. 



Alicyclic and Heterocyclic 



Amino acids 

Antipyrine salicylate 

Barbituric acid derivatives, total. 



5,5-Diethylbarbituric acid, sodium salt ... 

5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid (Phenobarbital) (Luminal) 

5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid, sodium salt (Phenobarbital 

sodium) 

All other 



Bile acids and salts, total. 



Dehydrocholic acid. 
All other 



Bromocamphor, mono 

Cafleine, natural and synthetic. 

See footnotes, p. 38. 



1,000 
pounds 
43, 635. 1 



pounds 
38, 239. 6 



1,000 

dollars 

247, 670. 4 



36, 345. 4 



32, 832. 9 



232, 251. 8 



6, 678. 1 
29, 667. 3 



28, 302. 2 



5, 840. 1 
26, 992. 8 



26, 733. 



18, 768. 8 
213, 483. 



29, 624. 1 



194.1 

3, 093. 7 

11, 016. 

1.4 

22.9 

231.0 



53.2 

158.2 

19.6 

5.4 

59.3 

45.7 

110.3 

6.7 

45.0 

14.0 

4.7 

6, 146. 

1, 113. 5 

2, 659. 8 



34.7 

866.5 

1, 758. 6 



5.8 
3, 526. 9 



8, 043. 2 



679. 



21. 
279. 



30. 
348. 



17. 
191. 



11. 
1,456. 



2.30.9 

2, 990. 

11,113.5 

1.6 

24.5 

215.9 



88.4 

2, 834. 4 

4, 766. 2 

5.8 

106.4 

1, 089. 3 



54.7 
143. 6 
17.6 

6.1 
52.0 
50.0 
107.0 

3.7 
35.5 
15.7 



179.5 
680.3 
229.5 

8.3 

48.4 

129.9 

335.2 

46.8 

473. 4 

26.2 



4, 654. 3 
1, 057. 9 



2, 777. 3 



1, 378. 4 
552.8 



12, 459. 



20.7 
1, 003. 8 
1, 752. 8 

2.4 

"3," 394.' 7' 

6, 099. 9 



99.7 
2, 794. 6 
9, 564. 7 

6.5 

'5,' 268." 7' 

202, 627. 7 



4.5 

455.8 



146.3 
14.3 



2,116.4 



14.1 
299.9 



33.1 
108.7 



74.8 



66.7 
1, 147. 2 



142.0 
760.5 



951.2 



10.9 
63.9 



11.7 
, 006. 1 



207.6 
743.6 



34.5 
4, 796. 1 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



37 



Table 17A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
medicinals, 1948 ^ — Continued 



Chemical 



Produc- 
tion 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



MEDICINALS. CYCLIC— Continued 
Alkyclic and Heterocyclic — Continued 
Caffeine derivatives, total 



Caffeine citrate 

Caffeine sodium benzoate. 
All other 



Camphosulfonic acid and salts. 
5,7- Di-iodo-8-hydroxyquinoline. 



8-Hydroxyquinoline base and derivatives, total. 



8-Hydroxyquinoline sulfate 

8-Hydroxyquiuoline-5-sulfonic acid. 
All other 



lodochlorohydroxyquinoline 

7-Iodo-8-hydroxyquinoline-5-sulfonic acid (Yatren acid) and salt. 
Nikethamide (Niacin diethylamide) 

Penicillin salts, total ^ 

Penicillin, potassium 

Penicillin, procaine 

Penicillin, sodium 

Penicillin, calcium 



Streptomycin 

Theobromine derivatives. 



Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine), base and derivatives, total 

Theophylline base 

Theophylline ethylenediamine 

All other 



Vitamins, total 

Bi (Thiamin chloride and hydrochloride) 

B2 (Riboflavin), for human and for animal and poultry con- 
sumption (100%) 

Be (Pyridoxine) _._ 

D2 (Irradiated ergosterol) (Viosterol) « 

Niacin, niacinamide, and niacinamide hydrochloride 

All other 

All other alicyclic and heterocyclic medicinals 



Total. 



MEDICINALS, ACYCLIC 



Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shoven. 
Chemicals for vrhich separate statistics are shown below... 

Acetylcholine chloride 

Amino acids, total.. 



1-Cystine 

1(+) Glutamic acid- 
All other 



Amyl nitrite (Isoamyl nitrite) 

Calcium levulinate 

Calcium succinate 

Choline chloride 

Methyl iodide. 

SUver preparations, organic colloidal 

tert-Trichlorobutyl alcohol (Chloretone) (Chlorobutanol) . 

Vitamins, total 



C (Ascorbic acid and sodium salt) . 
Another 



1,000 
pounds 
65.4 



57.7 

7.1 

.6 

2.6 
21.2 



3.6 

(2) 

5.6 

6.9 

7.5 
27.7 

161.5 



35.1 

80.5 

40.7 

5.2 

81.9 
157.4 



221.5 

181.1 

16.8 

1, 564. 6 



189.6 

130.4 
10.9 
45.3 

1, 133. 8 
54.6 

3,151.2 



7, 289. 7 



5, 590. 6 
1, 699. 1 



1.2 

458.5 



.3 
153.2 
305.0 

1.1 

18.5 
155.1 



3.0 

""""i6.'i" 

1, 045. 6 



955.6 
90.0 



1,000 
pounds 



1.000 
dollars 



50.9 
6.0 



154.7 
26.3 



2.1 
12.2 



6.8 
72.2 



6.6 

.5 

5.6 



4.6 
8.0 



32.2 
2.5 

77.6 

32.2 
54.9 



108.3 



26.1 

43.1 

33.0 

6.1 

70.0 
139.6 

236.3 



164.6 
68.2 
3.5 



1, 450. 



171.3 

113.0 

9.4 

35.3 

1, 092. 8 

28.2 

2, 445. 4 



5, 406. 7 



3, 938. 
1, 468. 7 



1.2 
425.3 



.3 

128.1 
296.9 



20.6 
139.1 
24.1 
2.7 
. 8.1 
21.7 

825.1 



768.2 
56.9 



108,301.0 



30, 025. 

39, 974. 

30, 414. 

7, 888. 

40, 375. 
735.3 

1, 848. 



1, 208. 1 
608.7 
31.2 

29, 350. 1 



11, 849. 2 

7, 033. 2 
2, 309. 3 
424.4 
3, 343. 5 
4, 390. 5 
13, 500. 1 



15, 418. 6 



3, 547. 8 
11,870.8 



5.2 
288.1 
852.6 

2.2 
22.5 
177.1 
71.2 
10.9 
44.7 
33.9 



10, 347. 9 12. 54 



8, 365. 3 
1, 982. 6 



See footnotes, p. 38. 



38 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



In 1948 the output of all cyclic medicinals was 36.3 million pounds, 
of which 28.3 million pounds were benzenoid compounds. The output 
of acyclic medicinals totaled 7.3 million pounds. In terms of quantity, 
acetylsalicyclic acid (aspirin) was the most important medicinal in 
1948; production totaled 11.0 million pounds and sales were 11.1 
million pounds, valued at 4.8 million dollars, or about 43 cents per 
pound. Production of sulfa drugs in 1948 totaled 2.7 million pounds 
compared with 6.1 million in 1947; sales were 2.8 million pounds, 
valued at 12.5 million dollars. Production of barbituric acid deriva- 
tives in 1948 amounted to 679,800 pounds, substantially lower than 
the peak output of 900,000 pounds in 1947. 

In 1948 production of penicillin salts, one of the most important 
antibiotics, totaled 92.9 trillion Oxford units (161,500 pounds). 
This quantity was more than twice that produced in 1947 (42 trillion 
Oxford units) and more than three times that produced in 1946 (27 
trillion). Sales of penicillin in 1948 totaled 64.6 trillion Oxford units 
(108,300 pounds), valued at 108 million dollars, or about $1,000 per 
pound. A marked advance occurred also in the production of strep- 
tomycin, another antibiotic; 81,900 pounds was produced in 1948, 
or almost four times the quantity reported for 1947 (22,600 pounds). 
Sales in 1948 amounted to 70,000 pounds, valued at 40.4 million 
dollars. 

Among the other important medicinals produced in 1948 were the 
vitamins, production of which amounted to 2.6 million pounds com- 
pared with 2.3 million in 1947; sales in 1948 were 2.3 million pounds, 
valued at 39.7 million dollars. The output of some of the more 



Footnotes for table 17 A 

> Represents statistics on production for bulk medicinals only. These statistics do not include the produc- 
tion of finished preparations, such as tablets, capsules, and ainpoules, which are manufactured from bulk 
medicinals. Sales statistics include the quantity and value of the medicinal sold in bulk form or in forms 
for consumer use. 

2 Included in "All other" 8-hydroxyquinoline base and derivatives. 

3 Penicillin salts, in terms of Oxford units, were reported as follows; 



Chemical 



Production 



Quantity 



Sales 



Value Unit value 



Total 

Penicillin, potassium 
Penicillin, procaine. _ 

Penicillin, sodium 

Penicillin, calcium... 



Billion 
Oxford 

units 
92,945 



Billion 
Oxford 
units 
64, 555 



1,000 
dollars 
108, 301 



Per billion 
Oxford 
units 
$1,600 



24,411 
36. 140 
29, 255 
3,139 



17, 735 
19, 370 
23,753 
3,697 



30, 025 

39, 974 

30, 414 

7,888 



1,693 
2,064 
1,280 
2,134 



* Commercial sales are based only on Oxford units; see footnote 3. 

5 Production totaled 12,631 billion U. S. P. units; sales totaled 9,464 billion units. 

Note. — The statistics on sales of medicinals in 1948 do not include the quantity and value of interplant 
transfers as the statistics for 1947 and earlier years did. The sales statistics given in this report, therefore, 
are not strictly comparable with the sales statistics given in the earlier reports. Before 1948 interplant trans- 
fers probably did not account for more than 15 percent of the total of sales plus transfers. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 194 8 39 

important vitamins was as follows: Niacin and niacinamide, 1.1 
million pounds; ascorbic acid, 955,600 pounds; and riboflavin, for 
human and animal consumption, 130,400 pounds. 

Flavor and Perfume Materials 

The flavor and perfume materials included in this report are those 
chemicals (derived from natural sources and from coal tar) which 
have desirable flavors or odors for use in foods, beverages, cosmetics, 
and soaps. Natural products, such as floral essences and essential 
oils and other perfume materials, obtained by simple extraction or 
distillation from natural vegetable and animal sources, are not included 
in this report. 

The flavor and perfume materials covered in this report are grouped 
according to their chemical structure as cyclic and acyclic. The 
cyclic materials are further subdivided into (1) the benzenoid and 
naphthalenoid group and (2) the terpenoid, heterocyclic, and alicyclic 
group. Statistics on production and sales of flavor and perfume 
materials are given in table 18A.^ 

The output in 1948 of flavor and perfume materials as a group 
amounted to 22.2 million pounds compared with 20.9 million pounds 
in 1947. Sales in 1948 were 19 million pounds, valued at 26.7 million 
dollars. 

Production of benzenoid and naphthalenoid compounds in 1948 
totaled 9.1 million pounds, an increase of 6 percent over the 8.6 million 
pounds reported for 1947. Sales in 1948 were 8.2 million pounds, 
valued at 9 million dollars. In 1948 as in 1947, the most important 
chemicals in volume of production in this group were methyl salicylate 
(Wintergreen oil) and vanillin. Production of methyl salicylate in 
1948 totaled 2.8 mfllion pounds, and production of vanillin 932,000 
pounds. 

The output of terpenoid, heterocyclic, and alicyclic flavor and 
perfume materials in 1948 was 6.4 million pounds, an increase of 5 
percent over the 6 million pounds reported for 1947. Sales in 1948 
were 4.4 million pounds, valued at 7.7 million dollars. Of the 
individual compounds in this group, geraniol and menthol increased 
substantially in production in 1948 compared with 1947: geraniol in- 
creased to 229,000 pounds, from the 103,000 pounds produced in 1947, 
and menthol to 132,000 pounds, from the 71,000 poimds produced in 
1947. Coumarin, however, decreased in production to 457,000 
pounds, from the 510,000 pounds reported for 1947. Statistics on 
saccharin, one of the most important chemicals in this group, are 
confidential and may not be published. 

« See also table 18B, part III, which lists these chemicals alphabetically]and|identifies|the manufacturers. 



40 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 18A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
flavor and perfume materials, 1948 

[Listed below arc all synthetic oreatiic flavor and perfume materials for which any reported data on produc- 
tion or sales may be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are confldential and may not 
be published, or where no data were reported.) Table 18B in part III lists alphabetically all flavor and 
perfume materials for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer 
of each] 





Produc- 
tion 


Sales 


Material 


Quan- 
tity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Grand total _ ... 


1,000 
pounds 
22. 192. 5 


1,000 
pounds 
19,016.5 


1,000 
dollars 
26, 710. 2 


Per 
pound 
$1. 40 






FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC 
Total 


15, 444. 5 


12, 535. 8 


16, 713. 4 


1.33 






Materials for which separate statistics may not be shown 


7,114.8 
8, 329. 7 

9, 091. 9 


5, 364. 
7,171.8 

8, 175. 9 


7, 809. 9 
8, 903. 5 

8, 984. 4 


1.46 


Materials for which separate statistics are shown below 

Penzenoid and Naphthalenoid 
Total 


1.24 
1 10 






Aeetophenone 


57.2 
115.6 
164.5 
132.8 

77.3 

370.0 

605.4 

208.1 

3.5 


58.7 

89.4 

164.1 

129.8 

71.3 

358. 

556. 5 

217.5 

2.4 

.7 


77.8 
187.4 
114.7 
255.5 

85.2 
203.7 
276.3 
162.1 
7.8 
1.3 


1 33 


a-Amylcinnamaldehyde 


2 10 


Amyl salicylate 


70 


Anisaldehyde 


1 97 


Benzophenone 


1.19 


Benzyl acetate... 


57 


Benzyl alcohol i 


50 


Benzyl benzoate 2 


.75 


Benzyl cinnamate 


3.25 


Benzvl propionate 


1.86 


Cinnamic acid 


30.0 




p-Cresyl acetate... 


1.7 
56.3 
56.5 


3.2 
47.4 
164.4 


1.88 


Ethyl a-toluate (Ethyl phenylacetate) . 


255.9 
61.1 
40.1 
17.1 
81.9 
31.9 

2,832'.l 

140.1 

13.9 

404.0 

8.7 

932.4 

2, 507. 6 

6, 352. 6 


.84 


Eugenol 


2.91 


Isoeueenol 




p-Methylacetophenone (Methyl p-tolyl ketone) 


16.7 


17.3 


1.04 


Methyl benzoate 




Methyl cinnamate . 


31.0 

.5 

2, 907. 6 

146.1 

5.0 

287.8 


35.8 

2.4 

1, 025. 3 

220.3 

6.2 

378.7 


1.15 


Methyl eugenyl other (Methyl eugenol) 


4.80 


Methyl salicylate (Wintcrgreen oil) 


.35 


Musk xylene 


1.51 


Phenethyl acetate 


1.24 


Phenethyl alcohol (Phenylethvl alcohol) 


1.32 






Vanillin 


793.2 
2, 225. 1 

4, 359. 9 


2, 190. 7 
3, 520. 9 

7, 729. 


2.76 


All other benzenoid and naphthalenoid compounds 


1.58 


Terpenoid, Heterocyclic, and Alicyclic 
Total 


1.77 






Cedrol 


5.9 

10.4 

32.1 

89.1 

456.9 

229.0 

18.4 

.8 

66.0 


5.7 

12.4 

30.5 

47.6 

396.9 

114.1 

6.3 

.4 

35.7 

4.2 

4.3 


6.9 

26.9 

106.8 

125.8 

1, 039. 4 

233.5 

18.3 

2.3 

229.0 

63.8 

30.7 


1.21 


Cedryl acetate 


2.17 


Citral 


3.50 


Citronellol 


2.64 


Coumarin, synthetic. 


2.62 




2.05 


Geranyl acetate 


2.90 


Geranyl formate 


5.75 


Hydroxycitronellal 


6.41 


Indole ... 


15. 19 


a-Ionone 


9.0 

12.0 

42.0 

37.9 

67.6 

131.9 

102.6 

1.5 

128.8 

4.3 

143.2 

151.1 


7.14 


/3-Ionone . 




lonone, all other.. 


41.4 
23.6 
33.5 
114.6 
83.0 
1.6 


144.0 
106.4 
150.8 
484.5 
363.3 
12.0 


3.48 


Linalool, natural. 


4.51 


Linalj'l acetate 


4.50 


Menthol, synthetic, tech 


4.23 


Methylionone 


4.38 




7.50 


Piperonal (Heliotropin) 




Rhodinol 


4.1 
112.7 
146.3 

2.1 


124.9 
84.1 
83.0 
3.6 


30.46 


Safrol 


.75 


Terpinyl acetate 


.57 


Terpinyl propionate 


1.71 




4.9 
4, 607. 2 




All other terpenoid, heterocyclic, and alicyclic materials 


3, 138. 9 


4, 289. 


1.37 



' Includes minor quantities of technical benzyl alcohol. 

* Includes data for benzyl benzoate for use as a mitocide and as a pharmaceutical. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



41 



Table ISA. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
flavor and perfume materials, 1948 — Continued 



Material 



Produc- 
tion 



Sales 



Quan- 
tity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, ACYCLIC 
Total 



1,000 
pounds 
6, 748. 



1,000 
pounds 
6, 480. 7 



1,000 
dollars 



Per 
pound 
$1.54 



Materials for which separate statistics may not be shown ^- 
Materials for which separate statistics are shown below 

Allyl caproate _ _ 

Ethyl butyrate 

Ethyl enanthate 

Ethyl iso valerate 

Ethyl pelargonate 

Glutamic acid, monosodium salt (Monosodium glutamate). 

Isoamyl butyrate 

Isobut yl acetate 

Met hylheptenone 

n-Octyl aldehyde (Cs) 

Undecylenic acid 



284.9 
6, 463. 1 



197.4 
6, 283. 3 



402.6 
9, 594. 2 



2.04 
1.53 



3.4 

136.1 

6.5 



2.6 

140.7 

7.8 

1.9 



10.2 

108.7 

7.8 

5.3 



3.92 

.77 

1.00 

2.79 



.4 

6, 158. 7 

24.3 

3.7 

L7 

.9 

127.4 



6, 070. 6 
27.3 



, 387. 7 
22.6 



1.55 
.83 



1.5 

lo.'g' 



7.4 
"44." 5' 



4.93 
"1.44 



3 Includes data on production and sales of chemically modified essential oils. 

Note. — The statistics on sales of flavor and perfume materials in 1948 do not include the quantity and 
value of interplant transfers as the statistics for 1947 and earlier years did. The sales statistics given in this 
report, therefore, are not strictly comparable with the sales statistics given in earlier reports. Before 1948 
interplant transfers probably did not account for more than 5 percent of the total of sales plus transfers. 

Production of acyclic flavor and perfume materials in 1948 was 8 
percent above production in 1947, totaling 6.7 million pounds com- 
pared with 6.3 million in the previous year. Sales in 1948 were 
6.5 million pounds, valued at 10 million dollars. The most important 
individual material in this group was monosodium glutamate, pro- 
duction of which amounted to 6.2 million pounds; comparable 
figures for 1947 are confidential and may not be published. Other 
important chemicals included in the acyclic group were ethyl butyrate 
and undecylenic acid. 

Plastics and Resin Materials 

Plastics and resin materials covered by this report are products 
resulting from the condensation or polymerization of organic chemicals 
in combination with plasticizers, coloring agents, and fillers. Ex- 
cluded from this report are statistics on production and sales of 
cellulosic plastics, which are derived from natm^al products. Plastics 
and resin materials have numerous applications, as in molded, cast, 
or fabricated parts for electrical and household equipment, fittings 
and accessories for motor vehicles, and radio cabinets and housings 
for other types of equipment. Some plastics materials may be 
extruded into filaments, which are woven into fabrics or used as 
bristles. Besides applications in solid forms, plastics and resins are 
used in liquid form as protective coatings for wood, metal, and other 

857784 — 49 — —4 



42 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

materials, and as adhesives in laminating layers of cloth, paper, or 
wood. 

There are many types of plastics and resin materials, each of 
which has special properties making it suitable for specific applications. 
Plastics and resins, when ready for use, usually contain plasticizers, 
fillers, extenders, stabilizers, and coloring materials; these additives 
contribute workability, elasticity, and appearance necessary to the 
particular use for which they are made. 

In this report statistics for 1948 on production and sales are given 
on a so-called dry basis; that is, the data include the total weight of 
the materials, including resin, plasticizers, fillers, extenders, stabilizers, 
and coloring agents, but exclude the weight of solvents, water, and 
other liquid diluents. In the Commission's reports for 1947 and 
earlier years the statistics were reported on a net resin content basis; 
that is, the weight of fillers, plasticizers, dyes, and other unreacted 
materials was excluded. The only data in this report, however, 
which are greatly affected by this change in the basis of reporting 
are those for phenolic and other tar-acid resins, statistics on pro- 
duction and sales for which are not comparable with those issued 
previously. Statistics on production given in this report for other 
plastics and resin materials are substantially, though not strictly, 
comparable with those given for 1947 and earlier years. 

Statistics on production and sales of plastics and resin materials 
grouped according to chemical composition are shown in table 19A,^ 
and according to classes in table 20. In 1948, production of all 
plastics and resin materials covered by this report amounted to 1.5 
billion pounds, the largest on record, compared with 1.3 billion 
pounds reported for 1947, an increase of 19 percent. Sales in 1948 
totaled 1.2 billion pounds, valued at 372 million dollars. 

The individual group of resins for which the largest output was 
reported in 1948 was the tar-acid resins; production of these resins 
amounted to 377 million pounds, 92 million pounds larger than in 
1947. Production of alkyd resins, the second largest group, amounted 
to 288 million pounds in 1948, compared with 283 million pounds in 
1947 (see table 20). Alkyd resins are used primarily as protective 
coatings. Other groups in which production increased in 1948 com- 
pared with 1947 are the vinyl resins (218 million pounds compared 
with 177 million pounds), urea and melamine resins (150 million 
pounds compared with 112 million pounds), and polymer and copoly- 
mer resins made from stjrrene and styrene derivatives (165 million 
pounds compared with 106 million pounds). Production of rosin 

8 See also table 19B, part III, which lists these products according to chemical composition and identifies 
the manufacturers. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



43 



Table 19A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
plastics and resin materials, grouped according to chemical composition, 1948 

[Quantities and values in 1948 are given in terms of the tola) weight of the materials (dry basis). Listed 
below are all synthetic plastic? and resin materials for which any reported data on production or sales 
may be published. (Leaders are u=ed where the reported data are confidential and may not be published 
or where no data were reported.) Table 19B in part III lists all plastics and resin materials for which data 
on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of eachl 



Material 



Produc- 
tion 



Sales 



Quan- 
tity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



Grand total 

PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, BENZENOID 

Total 

Materials for which separate statistics may not be shown - 

Materials for which separate statistics are shown below 

Phthalic alkyd resins, total 

Unmodified, total 

Phthalic anhydride-glycerol 

Phthalic anhydride-pentaerythritol 

Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-glycol 

Phthalic anhydride-glycol-pentaerythritol 

Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-pentaerj'thritol 

All other unmodified phthalic alkyd resins 

Modified, total... 

Except rosin ester modified, total 

Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-glycerol 

Phthalic alkyd resins modified by phenol-formaldehyde 

All other phthalic alkyd resins, except rosin ester modified "•.. 

Rosin ester modified, total < 

Phthalic anhy dride-glycerol-rosin ester 

Phthalic anhydride-pentaerythritol-rosin ester 

Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-glycerol-rosin ester.. , 

Phthalic anhydride-pentaerythritol-tall oil-rosin ester 

Phthalic anhydride-pentaerythritol-glycerol-glycol-rosin 

ester 

All other rosin ester modified phthalic alkyd resins 

Phenolic and other tar-acid resins, total 

Phenolic resins, except mixed phenolics, total 

Unmodified, total 

p-tert-Butylphenol- and p-tert-amylphenol-formaldehyde-- 

Cresol-formaldehyde 

Phenol-formaldehyde 

Resorcinol-formaldehyde 

All other 

Modified, total 

Except rosin ester modified, total 

Phenol-formaldehyde-aniline 

Another 5 

Rosin ester modified, total 

p-tert-Butylphenol-formaldehyde-rosin ester 

Phenol-formaldehyde-rosin and rosin ester 

Bisphenol-formaldehyde-rosin ester 

All other 

Mixed phenolic resins, total 

Unmodified, total 

Phenol-p-tert-butylphenol-formaldehyde 

Phenol-resorcinol-formaldehyde 

Phenols-cresols-formaldehyde 

P henols-cresols-xy lenols-f ormaldehyde 

Cresylic acid-formaldehyde 

All other 

Modified 

Styrene and styrene derivative polymer and copolymer resins, 
totals 

Polystyrene resins 

All other styrene and styrene derivative polymer and copolymer 
resins 

See footnotes at end of table, p. 44. 



1,000 
pounds, 

dry 

basis ' 

1,485,668 



1,000 
pounds, 

dry 

basis ' 

1,243,831 



1,000 
dollars 
372.312 



Per 
pound 
$0.30 



139,115 
783, 878 



242, 5P9 



179, 870 

139, 001 

26, 643 

1,109 

3, 673 

7,791 

1, 653 

62, 689 

37, 782 

9,158 

2, 634 

25, 990 

24, 907 

12. 080 

3,659 

954 

1,002 

2,276 
4,936 

376, 643 



341,399 

289, 903 

3,772 

3,713 

253, 742 

405 

28, 271 

51. 496 

6,111 

1, 580 

4,531 

45, 385 

6, 303 

24, 074 

10, 367 

4,641 

35,244 

31,583 

3,333 

380 

7,482 

4,461 

1,846 

14, 081 

3,661 



164, 676 



140, 484 
24, 192 



136, 246 
612, 698 



82, 703 
61,636 
14, 259 



3,657 

1,984 

1,167 

47, 968 

31, 736 

6,789 

1,120 

23, 827 

16. 232 

7,376 

2,586 

455 



1,524 
4,291 



326, 886 



303, 520 

254, 857 

3,587 

2,738 

220, 856 

380 

27, 296 

48,663 

5,139 

651 

4,488 

43, 524 

5.118 

23.612 

10,341 

4, 453 

23,366 

20, 709 

2,994 

394 

4,732 



12, 589 
2,657 



155, 141 



185, 763 



12, 209 
173, 554 



33, 735 

25,720 

5,556 



1,325 

652 

482 

19,511 

13, 497 

3.009 

286 

10, 202 

6,014 

3,000 

604 

160 



449 
1.801 



77, 284 



70, 365 

56. 084 

1,295 

676 

48, 686 

182 

5,245 

14, 281 

1,676 

185 

1,491 

12, 605 
1,394 
7,891 
2,223 
1,097 
6,919 
6,123 
1,053 
288 
1,178 



3,604 
796 



135, 126 
20,015 



37, 953 
5,071 



44 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 19A, — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
plastics and resin materials, grouped according to chemical composition, 1948 — 
Continued 



Material 



Produc- 
tion 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, 

NONBENZENOID 

Total 

Materials for which separate statistics may not be shown '._. 
Materials for which separate statistics are shown below 

Alkyd resins, total 

Unmodified ' 

Modified, total 

Except rosin ester modified ' 

Rosin ester modified, total * 

Fumaricacid polyesters, total 

Fumaric acid-glycerol-rosm ester 

All other 

Maleic anhydride polyesters: 

Maleic anhydridc-gly cerol-rosin ester 

Maleic anhydride-glycerol-pentaerythritol-rosin ester 

Maleic anhydride-pen taerythritol-rosin ester 

All other 

Rosin adduct resins 

Rosin esters, total 

Rosin (abietic acid)-glyeerol 

Rosin (abietic acid)-pentaery thritol 

Tall oil esters 

All other - 

Urea and melamine resins, total 

Urea-formaldehyde type, total 

Urea-formaldehyde 

Urea-formaldehyde type, other "> 

Melamine-formaldehyde type " 

Vinyl and vinyl copolymer resins, total 

Polyvinyl acetate 

Polyvinyl chlorides and copolymers 

Another 12 



1,000 

pounds, 

dry basis i 

562, 675 



1,000 

pounds, 

dry basi,^ i 

494, 887 



1,000 
dollars 
186, 549 



Per 
pound 
$0.38 



65, 229 
497, 446 



56, 573 
438, 314 



41, 304 
145, 245 



45, 693 



40. 080 



11,041 



6,045 
39. 648 

2,369 
37, 279 

1,675 

1,257 
418 

16,239 
3,148 

13. 163 
3,054 

4,6% 

79, 138 



5,575 
34, 505 

1,770 
32, 735 

1,506 



2,882 
8,159 

714 
7,445 

305 



14,903 

"i6,"326" 
4,252 
59, 532 



3,528 
995 



9,991 



35, 146 

22, 860 

2,079 

19, 053 

149. 682 



32, 604 

15. 753 

1,108 

10, 067 

139. 663 



5.656 

2,529 

193 

1,613 

43, 080 



125, 254 
110, 107 
15, 147 
24, 428 

218, 237 



115,984 

105, 988 

9,996 

23,679 

194, 787 



30, 412 
25, 377 
5,035 
12, 668 

80, 138 



24,000 
173, 234 
21, 003 



14,371 
161, 646 
18, 770 



5,780 
60, 276 
14, 082 



• Dry basis, for the purposes of this report is deflnd as the total weight of the plastics or resin material 
including resin, plasticizers, extenders, fillers, coloring agents, and stabilizers, and excluding solvents, water, 
and other liquid diluents. 

2 Includes data for aniline-formaldehyde, coumarone-indene, petroleum polymer and condensation, 
toluenesulfonamide, and other benzenoid plastics and resins. 

3 Includes data for phthalic alkyd resins modified by styrene and dibasic acids. Those modified by oils 
or fatty acids are not included. 

* Alkyd resins modified with rosLn are classified as rosin ester modified resins because of radical inter- 
change. Tall oil esters are also included as rosin ester modified resins. 

5 Includes data for phenolic and other tar-acid resins modified with sulfonic acid, coumarone-indene, 
vinyl resins, and oils. 

6 Includes data for modified and unmodified styrene polymerization and condensation resins. 

' Includes data for acrylic, furfural-furfmal, polyamide (Nylon), polyethylene, silicone, and other plastics 
and resins. 

8 Includes data for cyclopentadiene resins, and polyesters of azelaic, maleic, sebacic, adipic, citric, fumaric, 
and succinic acids. 

» Includes data for mixed polyesters of dibasic acids, and modifications with styrene and phenolics. 

>" Includes data for substituted and modified urea-formaldehyde resins. MLxed urea and melamtae resins 
are included in the statistics for melamine-formaldehyde type resins. 

" Includes data for substituted and modified melamine-formaldehyde resins, and for mixed urea and 
melamine resins. 

'2 Includes data for polyvinyl butyral, formal, and alcohol, and for polyvinyl ethers. 

Note.— The statistics on sales of synthetic plastics and resin materials in 1948 do not include the quan- 
tity and value of interplant transfers as the statistics for 1947 and earlier years did. The sales statistics 
given in this report, therefore, are not strictly comparable with the sales statistics given in the earlier reports. 
Before 1948 interplant transfers probably did not account for more than 10 percent of the total of sales plus 
transfers. 

Data on production and sales of molding materials included in these statistics are also not strictly com- 
parable with those for previous years owing to the change in reportmg basis. Figures on production and 
sales for 1947 and earlier years were on the basis of net resin content, excluding the weight of fillers and unre- 
acted modifiers, whereas the production and sales statistics for 1948 are given on a dry basis. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



45 



Table 20. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
plastics and resin materials, grouped according to classes, 1948 

[Quantities and values in 1948 are given in terms of the total weight of the materials (dry basis). Listed 
below are all synthetic plastics and resin materials for which any reported data on production or sales 
may be published] 



Material 



Produc- 
tion 



Sales 



Quan- 
tity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



Grand total . 
Alkyd resins, total. 



1,000 

pounds, 

dry basis ' 

1, 485, 608 



1,000 

pounds, 

dry basis ' 

1, 243, 831 



1.000 
dollars 
372, 312 



Per 

pound 
$0.30 



288, 253 



170, 751 



64, 286 



.38 



For protective coatings: 

Phthalic anhydride type: 

Unmodified 

Modified 2 

Polybasie acid type, except phthalic: 

Unmodified 

Modified 2 

For all other uses: 

Phthalic anhydride type 

Polybasie acid type, except phthalic. 

Phenolic and other tar-acid resins, total.. 



For protective coatings: 
Unmodified 

Modified: 

By rosin and rosin ester 

Except by rosin and rosin ester. 
For all other uses 3 



Rosin esters, modified and immodified * 

Rosin adduct resins, for protective coatings. 

Urea and melamine resins, total ^ 



For protective coatings. 
For all other uses ' 



Styrene and styrene derivative polymer and copoljoner resins, 
totals 



Polystyrene resins 

All other styrene and styrene derivative polymer and copolymer 
resins 



Vinyl and vinyl copolymer resins ' 

Miscellaneous synthetic plastics and resin materials, total 8. 

For protective coatings 

For all other uses ^ 



179, 292 
59, 975 

4,634 
35, 636 

3,293 
5,423 

376, 643 



82, 219 
46, 308 

4,195 
30, 941 

2,145 
4,943 

326, 886 



33, 370 

1,550 

319, 003 

79, 138 
4,696 

149, 681 



17,441 

31, 353 

984 
277, 108 

59, 532 
4,252 

139, 663 



23,582 
126, 099 



164, 676 



17, 793 
121, 870 



155, 141 



140, 484 

24,192 

218, 237 

204, 344 



135, 126 
20, 015 
194, 787 
192, 819 



33, 451 
18, 893 

2,236 
7,118 

901 
1,687 

77, 284 



6,063 

7,320 

390 

63, 511 

9,991 
995 

43, 080 



10, 919 
32, 161 



43. 024 



20, 224 
184, 120 



15, 501 
177,318 



37, 953 

5,071 

80, 138 

53, 514 



3,011 
50, 503 



1 Dry basis, for the purpose of this report, is defined as the total weight of the plastic or resin material , 
including resin, plasticizers, extenders, fillers, coloring agents, and stabilizers, and excluding solvents, water, 
and other liquid diluents. 

2 Includes data for modifications with rosins, tar acids, oils, styrene, fatty acids, tall oil, etc. 

3 Includes data for molding materials and resins for laminating, adhesives, treatment of textiles and paper, 
casting, and miscellaneous uses. Detailed statistics by uses are available in the Tariff Commission's 
monthly reports on the production and sales of synthetic plastics and resin materials, Facts for Industry 
Series 6-10. 

* Includes esters of tall oil, and rosin esters modified by phenolics, and fatty acids or oils. Other modified 
rosin ester resins are included with alkyd resins. The greater part of the rosin esters included here are for 
use as protective coatings. 

5 Includes data for substituted urea and melamine resins and modifications. 

6 Includes data for modified and unmodified styrene polymerization and condensation resins for molding, 
protective coatings, and miscellaneous uses. 

' Includes data for polyvinyl halides and copolymers, and polyvinyl butyral, formal, acetate, and alcohol 
resins for sheeting; treatment of film, textiles, and paper; molding and casting; protective coatings; and 
miscellaneous uses. 

8 Includes data for acrylic aniline-formaldehyde, coumarone-indene, petroleum polymer and condensa- 
tion, polymide (Nylon), polyethylene, silicone, and miscellaneous plastics and resins. 

Note. — The statistics on sales of synthetic plastics and resin materials in 1948 do not include the quantity 
and value of interplant transfers as the statistics for 1947 and earlier years did. The sales statistics given in 
this report, therefore, are not strictly comparable with the sales statistics given in the earlier reports. Before 
1948 interplant transfers probably did not account for more than 10 percent of the total of sales plus transfers. 

Data on production and sales of molding materials included in these statistics are also not strictly com- 
parable with those for previous years owing to the change in reporting basis. Figures on production and 
sales for 1947 and earlier years were on the basis of net resin content, excluding the weight of fillers and unre- 
acted modifiers, whereas the production and sales statistics for 1948 are given on a dry basis 



46 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



esters, used chiefly as coating materials, amounted to 79 million 
pounds in 1948, a decrease of 31 million pounds from the 110 million 
pounds produced in the previous year. 

Rubber-Processing Chemicals 

Rubber-processing chemicals are organic chemical compounds 
which are used in the compounding of natural and synthetic rubbers 
in order to impart essential physical properties before these rubbers 
are manufactured into rubber products. In this report statistics on 
rubber-processing chemicals are shown separately for cyclic and 
acyclic types, and also by uses, such as accelerators and antioxidants. 
Statistics on the production and sales of rubber-processing chemicals 
in 1948 are given in table 2lA.^ 

Table 21A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
rubber-processing chemicals, 1948 

[Listed below are all rubber-processin? chemicals for which any reported data on production or sales may be 
published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are confidential and may not be published or where 
no data were reported.) Table 21B in part III lists separately all rubber-processing chemicals for which 
data on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Chemical 



Produc- 
tion 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



Grand total 

RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 

Total 

Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown L.. 
Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below 

Accelerators, total 



1,000 
pounds 
96,014.6 



1,000 
pounds 
71,690.3 



1,000 
dollars 
36, 389. 7 



Per 
pound 
$0.51 



81,851.1 



60, 330. 6 



26, 997. 6 



537.8 
81,313.3 



472.9 
59, 857. 7 



487.1 
26, 510. 5 



1.03 
.44 



41,923.0 



25,011.4 



9, 693. 8 



Aldehyde-amines, total 

n-Butyraldehyde-aniline 

All other 

Dithiocarbamates 

Guanidines, total 

Diphenylguanidine 

All other 

Thiazole derivatives, total 

2,2'-Dithiobisbenznthiazole (2,2'-Benzothiazyl disulfide) . 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole 

All other 



AntioxidantS- 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 

Total 

Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown 

Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below (all ac- 
celerators) _ 



890.6 

377.3 

513.3 

303.6 

5, 150. 

3, 774. 9 

1, 375. 1 

35, 578. 8 

9, 830. 4 

15, 286. 6 

10, 461. 8 

39, 390. 3 
14, 163. 5 



809.9 

383.6 

426.3 

236.6 

4,413.0 

3,281.4 

1,131.6 

19, 551. 9 



469. 1 

178.1 

291.0 

330.2 

1, 764. 4 

1,213.9 

550.5 

7, 130. 1 



.58 
.46 
.68 
1.39 
.40 
.37 
.49 
.36 



2, 563. 5 
16, 988. 4 

34, 846. 3 



691.7 
6, 438. 4 

16, 816. 7 



8, 303. 5 
5, 860. 



5, 217. 8 
4, 174. 3 



.27 
.38 

.48 



.83 

.77 



Dithiocarbamates ' 

Tetramethylthiuram sulfides '_ 
All other accelerators. 



864.1 
3, 140. 3 
1, 855. 6 



553.4 
2, 180. 4 
1. 850. 8 



536.7 
2, 476. 7 
1, 160. 9 



.97 
1.14 
.63 



' Includes data for a small amount of accelerators. 

2 The dithiocarbamates for which statistics are shown in this table are used entirely as rubber-processing 
chemicals. Data on dithiocarbamates which are used almost entirely as fungicides are included in this report 
under miscellaneous acyclic chemicals. 

5 Includes minor quantities of tetramethylthiuram disulfide reported produced for agricultural uses. 

Note.— The statistics on sales of rubber-processing chemicals in 1948 do not include the quantity and 
value of interplant transfers as the statistics for 1947 and earlier years did. The sales statistics given in this 
report, therefore, are not strictly comparable with the s-iles statistics given in earlier reports. Before 1948 
the interplant transfers probably did not account for more than 10 percent of the total of sales plus transfers. 

' See also table 21B, part III, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufac- 
turers. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 47 

United States production of rubber-processing chemicals totaled 96 
million pounds in 1948, or 5 percent less than the 101 million pounds 
reported for 1947. Sales in 1948 totaled 71.7 million pounds, valued 
at 36.4 million dollars. The output of cyclic rubber- processing chem- 
icals (chiefly accelerators and antioxidants) was 81.9 million pounds 
in 1948 compared with 85.8 million pounds reported for 1947, a de- 
crease of 5 percent. Sales of these compounds in 1948 amounted to 
60.3 million pounds, valued at 27 million dollars. 

Statistics on accelerators are given for four chemical classes — 
aldehyde-amines, dithiocarbamic acid derivatives, guanidines, and 
thiazole derivatives, the last being the most important in volume of 
production and sales. In 1948 production of the thiazole derivatives 
was about 14 percent less than in 1947, amounting in 1948 to 36 mil- 
lion pounds, of which 2-mercaptobenzothiazole accounted for 15 mil- 
lion pounds. Production of guanidines amounted to 5 -million pounds, 
about the same as in 1947. The output of cyclic antioxidants in 1948 
was 39 million pounds, compared with 38 million pounds reported for 
the previous year. 

Production of acyclic rubber-processing chemicals (which include 
accelerators, peptizers, antioxidants, and other products) amounted 
to 14.2 million pounds in 1948 compared with 14.9 million pounds in 
1947. Sales in 1948 amounted to 11.4 million pounds, valued at 9.4 
million dollars. Although acyclic materials as a group declined slightly 
in output, some individual chemicals within the group, especially 
acyclic accelerators, increased. Production of these accelerators 
totaled 5.9 million pounds in 1948 compared with 4.4 million pounds 
in 1947. 

Elastomers (Synthetic Rubbers) 

The output of cyclic and acyclic elastomers (synthetic rubbers) in 
1948 was only slightly less than the output reported for 1947 (1,172 
million pounds compared with 1,203 million pounds) but considerably 
under the peak output in 1945 (1,904 million pounds). Statistics on 
production and sales of elastomers in 1948 are given in table 22A.* 

Production of cyclic elastomers, polybutadiene-styrene type (GR-S), 
used chiefly in tires, amounted to 882 million pounds, or 3.7 per- 
cent less than 1947 and accounted for 75 percent of the combined 
output of all elastomers. Almost all of this type was produced at 
Government plants. Sales of GR-S totaled 750 million pounds, 
valued at 139 million dollars. 

Production in 1948 of special -purpose types of elastomers — ^all 
acyclic and consisting principally of polyisobutylene-isoprene type 
(GR-I), polyvinyl, and polychloroprene elastomers — amounted to 291 

• See also table 22B, part HI, which lists these products and identifies the manufacturers. 



48 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



million pounds, or 3.4 million pounds greater than the output in 1947. 
Sales in 1948 totaled 294 million pounds, valued at 98 million dollars. 

Table 22A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
elastomers (synthetic rubbers),^ 1948 

[Listed below are all synthetic elastomers for which reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are confidential and may not be published or where no data 
were reported.) Table 22B in part III lists alphabetically all elastomers for which data on production 
or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 





Produc- 
tion 


Sales' 


Chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 


Grand total . _._ 


1,000 

pounds 

1, 172, 926 


1,000 

pounds 

1,044,117 


1,000 
dollars 
236, 390 


Per 
pound 
$0.23 






ELASTOMERS, CYCLIC 
Polybutadiene-styrene type (Buna S) (GR-S), total 


882, 292 


749, 938 


138, 738 


.19 


Produced at Government plants . 


874, 138 
8,154 

290, 634 








Produced at private plants 








ELASTOMERS, ACYCLIC 
Total.- - 


294, 179 


97, 652 


33 






Products for which separate statistics may not be shown 3 

Products for which separate statistics are shown below.. 


11,099 
279, 535 


26, 094 
268, 085 


9,923 
87, 729 


.38 
.33 






Polybutadiene-acrylonitrile type < _ 


15, 706 

78, 612 

117, asi 

67,386 


14, 909 
63, 856 
122, 823 
66, 497 


6,411 
20, 231 
22, 722 
38, 365 


43 


Polychloroprene type (QR-M) (N'eoprene) « 


.32 


Polyisobutylene-isoprene type (QR-I) (Butyl) ' .. 


19 


Poly vinyl type ' . 


58 







' An elastomer is defined as a material which will stretch repeatedly to 150 percent or more and will return 
rapidly and with force to its approximate original shape. 

2 Quantity of sales for domestically produced elastomers (other than polyvinyl and miscellaneous types) 
is calculated by adding exports to and subtracting imports from the United States consumption of these 
elastomers as reported by the U. S. Department of Commerce. Value of sales of the elastomers which 
were produced for the account of the Office of Rubber Reserve is calculated from the established prices as 
furnished by the Office of Rubber Reserve, Reconstruction Finance Corporation. Other values are as 
reported to the U. S. Tariff Commission. 

3 Includes data for thiokol, polyisobutylene (Vistanex), eyclorubbers, and chlorinated-rubber elastomer 
and sales of Neoprene for private account. 

< Includes Hycar OR, Chemigum X, Butaprene, Perbunan, Thiokol RD, GR-A, and others. 
' Includes production for both Government and private account. Sales are for Government account only. 
« Includes data for polyvinyl acetal, polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyl chloride, and polyvinyl chloride- 
vinylidene chloride elastomers. 

Note.— The statistics on sales of elastomers (synthetic rubbers) in 1948 do not include the quantity and 
value of interplant transfers as the statistics for 1947 and earlier years did. The sales statistics given in this 
report, therefore, are not strictly comparable with the sales statistics given in earlier reports. Before 1948 
interplant transfers probably did not account for more than 5 percent of the total of sales plus transfers. 

PlasHcizers 

Plasticizers are organic chemicals used in the manufacture of plastics 
and resins to impart to the finished product such special properties as 
workability, elasticity, flexibility, or rigidity. Table 23A shows statis- 
tics on production and sales of plasticizers in 1948.^ Production of 
all plasticizers in 1948 totaled 148 million pounds, a small increase over 
the 140 million pounds produced in 1947. Sales in 1948 were 117 
million pounds, valued at 47 million dollars. 

The output of all cyclic plasticizers in 1948 was 109 million pounds, 
or 6 million pounds greater than in 1947. Sales in 1948 totaled 87 

' See also table 23B, part III, which lists these products and identifies the manufacturers. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 194 8 



49 



million pounds, valued at 34 million dollars. Production of phthalic 
anhydride esters, the most important group of cyclic plasticizers, was 
77 million pounds, slightly larger than in 1947. Production of dibutyl 
phthalate, the most important single phthalate plasticizer, however, 
was 15 million pounds in 1948 compared with 22 million in 1947. 



Table 23A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 

plasticizers, 1948 

[Listed below are all plasticizers for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are confidential and may not be published or where no data were 
reported.) Table 23B in part III lists all plasticizers for which data on production or sales were reported 
and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Chemical 



Produc- 
tion 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



Grand total 

PLASTICIZERS, CYCLIC 
Total 

Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown i 
Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below 

Phosphoric acid esters: Tricresyl phosphate 

Phthalic anhydride esters, total 

Dibutyl phthalate 

Diethyl phthalate 

Dimethyl phthalate 

Di-n-octyl phthalate 

All other 2 

PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC 
Total 

Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown ' 
Chemicals for which separate statistics are sho-mi below 

Laurie acid esters: 

Diethylene glycol monolaurate 

1,2- Propylene glycol monolaurate 

Oleic acid esters, total 

Butyl oleate 

Diethylene glycol mono-oleate 

Polyethylene glycol mono-oleate 

All other < 

stearic acid esters, total 

Butyl stearate 

Glyceryl monostearate 

All other ' 



1,000 
pounds 
147, 569 



1,000 
pounds 
117, 261 



1,000 
dollars 

46, 897 



109, 346 



87, 401 



33, 798 



17, 534 
91,812 



15, 080 
72, 321 



5,515 
28, 283 



14, 973 
76, 839 



14, 214 

58, 107 



5,378 
22, 905 



15, 353 

5,678 

1,583 

749 

53, 476 



12, 460 

4, 516 

798 

694 

39, 639 



29, 860 



4,351 

1,416 

200 

324 

16, 614 



13, 099 



20, 463 
17, 760 



16, 706 
13, 154 



7,433 
5,666 



614 
29 



6,195 



20 
4,403 



10 

1,725 



575 

569 

447 

4,604 

10, 922 



354 

216 

3,833 

8,731 



133 

81 

1,511 

3,931 



1,702 
4,259 
4,961 



1,133 

2,864 
4,734 



515 
1, 385 
2,031 



Per 

pound 
$0.40 



.39 



.39 



• Includes statistics for toluenesulfonamides, synthetic camphor, polymerized styrene, coumarone-indene , 
and esters of phosphoric, sebacic, and benzoylbenzoic acids. 

2 Includes statistics for phthalic anhydride esters of phenols, cyclohexanols, fatty alcohols, monohydric 
alcohols, cellosolves, carbitols, and other dihydric alcohols and phthalyl glycnlates. 

' Includes statistics for esters of adipic, citric, pelargonic, propionic, ricinoloic, sebacic, tartaric, acetylated 
acids, and other acids reacted with monohydric alcohols, glycols, glycerol, cellosolves, and other polyhydric 
alcohols. 

« Includes statistics for glyceryl mono-oleate, glyceryl trioleate, methyl oleate, and oleic acid esters of 
monohydric alcohols, glycols, and cellosolves. 

« Includes statistics for stearic, monohydroxystearic, and chlorinated stearic acid esters of monohydric 
alcohols, glycerol, glycols, and cellosolves. 

Note.— The statistics on sales of plasticizers in 1948 do not include the quantity and value of interplant 
transfers as the statistics for 1947 and earlier years did. The sales statistics given in this report, therefore, are 
not strictly comparable with the sales statistics given in earlier reports. Before 1948 interplant transfers 
probably did not account for more than 5 percent of the total of sales plus transfers. 



50 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

The output of acyclic plasticizers in 1948 reached 38 million pounds, 
more than 1.5 million pounds larger than in 1947. Sales in 1948 totaled 
30 million pounds, valued at 13 million dollars. Although glyceryl 
monostearate was produced in larger quantity than any other acyclic 
plasticizer in 1948, less was produced than in 1947 (4.3 million pounds 
compared with 4.5 million pounds in 1947). 

Surface-Active Agents 

The surface-active agents included in this report consist of synthetic 
organic detergents, wetting agents, and emulsifying and dispersing 
agents; soaps are not included. 

Originally developed as soap substitutes, surface-active agents have 
proved especially desirable for use in many applications because of 
their varied and specific properties. Generally, these materials con- 
tain both water-soluble and water-insoluble portions, and are therefore 
partly soluble in both aqueous and nonaqueous mediums. For 
household and some industrial purposes, surface-active agents are 
especially valuable for use in hard water, since they do not cause 
insoluble precipitates to form as soaps do. For certain industrial 
purposes sm-face-active agents are used as detergents and wetting 
agents in acid solutions and other mediums where soaps are of little 
value. wSpecial uses of surface-active agents are in dentifrices, sham- 
poos, prepared textile specialties, and washing powders. 

Table 24A shows statistics on the production and sales of surface- 
active agents. ^° United States production in 1948 of surface-active 
agents as a group amounted to 375 million pounds, or 29 percent more 
than the 291 million pounds reported for 1947. Sales in 1948 totaled 
275 million pounds, valued at 88 million dollars. Production in 1948 
of sulfated and sulfonated (ion-active) materials in this group, cyclic 
and acyclic combined, totaled 326 million pounds; sales were 233 
million pounds, valued at 69 million dollars. In volume of production 
the principal items in this group were the alkyl benzenoid compounds 
(101 million pounds); aliphatic and aromatic petroleum sulfonates 
(64 million); and oils, fats, and waxes (35 million). 

Production in 1948 of all polyhydric alcohol ethers and esters 
(generally nonionic materials) totaled 26 million pounds, or about 
7 percent of the total output of all sm'face-active agents. Production 
of nonsulfonated nitrogen-containing compounds (chiefly cation- 
active materials) totaled 18 million pounds in 1948, or about 5 percent 
of the combined output of all surface-active agents. 

1" See also table 24B, part III, which lists these products and identifies the manufacturers. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



51 



Table 24A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
surface-active agents,^ 1948 

[Listed below are all surface-active agents for which any reported data on production or sales may be pub- 
lished. (Leaders are used where the reported data are confidential and may not be published or where 
no data were reported.) Table 24B in part III lists all surface-active agents for which data on production 
or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Chemical 



Grand total 

SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, CYCLIC 
Total --- 



Polyhydric alcohol esters and ethers 2_ 
Quaternary ammonium compounds... 



Sulfated and sulfonated cyclic surface-active agents, total. 



Alkyl benzenoid compounds, sulfated and sulfonated, total 

Dodecvlbenzenesulfonic acid and salt 

Another 3 

Alkj'l naphthalenoid compoimds, sulfonated: 

Amylnaphthalenesulfonic acid and salt, mono and di 

Butylaaphthalenesulfonic acid and salt, mono and di 

Isopropyhiaphthalenesulfonic acid and salt, mono and di 

Nonylnaphthalenesulfonic acid and salt 

Petroleum aromatic compounds sulfonated, total 

Oil layer type petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt 

All other 

All other sulfated and sulfonated cyclic surface-active agents «.. 

SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC 
Total 



Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown *. 
Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below 



Nitrogen-containing surface-active agents (nonsulfonated) , total.. 

Amide surface-active agents, total 

N-(Aminoethyl)-N-(hydro.\yethyl)oleamide (Oleamide of 

aminoethylethanolamine) 

N-(Aminoethyl)-N-(hydroxyethyl)stearamide (Stearamide 

of aminoethylethanolamine) 

Coconut oil fatty acid amide of diethanolamine 

Coconut oil fatty acid amide of monoethanolamine 

All other 

AU other nitrogen-containing surface-active agents 8 

Polyhydric alcohol esters and ethers, total 

Polyglycol coconut oil fatty acid ester 

Polyglycol mono-oleate 

All other 

Salts of fatty acids: 

Sodium oleate _- 

Sodium salt of tall oil 



Produc- 
tion 



1,000 

pounds 

374, 715. 



176, 228. 6 



16, 873. 3 
2, 185. 7 



101, 442. 6 
76, 945. 5 
24, 497. 1 



1, 651. 5 
573.2 
186.8 
42, 594. 3 
27, 087. 5 
15, 506. 8 
10, 721. 2 



198, 486. 4 



980.5 
197, 505. 9 



15, 849. 6 

96.1 

311.0 

1, 894. 

2, 697. 3 

10, 851. 2 

2, 361. 5 

9, 097. 1 



25.1 
226.3 
,845.7 

539.1 
295.3 



Sales 



Quantity 



1,000 

pounds 

275, 121. 2 



130, 864. 8 



14, 255. 9 
2, 094. 2 



114, 514. 7 



67,361.0 
47, 854. 8 
19, 506. 2 

581.1 



Value 



1,000 
dollars 
87, 907. 1 



34, 516. 1 



6, 892. 3 
1, 856. 2 



404.6 

206.1 

34, 109. 4 

0) 
34, 109. 4 
11, 852. 5 



144, 256. 4 



882.0 
143, 374. 4 



16, 186. 7 



14, 005. 3 

(') 

303.3 
1, 785. 8 

C) 
11, 916. 2 
2, 181. 4 

8, 279. 9 



20.1 

64.0 

, 195. 8 

431.6 
221.6 



18,171.0 
12. 025. 9 
6, 145. 1 

146.7 



155.8 

49. 1 

5, 906. 8 

0) 
5, 906. 8 
1, 338. 2 



53, 391. 



305.4 
53, 085. 6 



5, 665. 8 



4, 966. 9 

(■) 

298.0 

862.1 
(') 



3, 852. 7 



11.3 

26.3 

3, 815. 1 

84.9 
29.5 



Unit 
value 



Per 
pound 
$0.32 



.37 



.35 



.35 



.56 
.41 
.47 

.20 
.13 



' Data are given in terms of bulk surface-active agents, that is, in terms of 100-percent content of surface- 
active a^ent, exclusive of all inorganic salts, water, etc. 

2 In addition to aryl ethers and esters, data on derivatives of anhydro hexitols are included. 

' Includes alkyl aryl sulfonates, and sulfated and sulfonated phenyl ethers and substituted biphenyl and 
phenylphenol derivatives. 

* Included in ".'Vll other" petroleum aromatic compounds, sulfonated. 

' Includes salts of lignosulfonic acid, and some sulfonated naphthalenoid compounds which are not listed 
separately in the table. 

' Includes phosphorus derivatives of high-molecular-weight compounds, salts of fatty acids which are not 
listed separately in the table, and others. 

' Included in "All other" amide surface-active agents. 

' Includes esters of hydroxyamines; quaternary ammonium compounds; salts of nitriloacids; and fatty 
acid derivatives of guanidine, glycine, proteins, and others. 



52 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 24A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
surface-active agents, 1948 — Continued 



Chemical 



Produc- 
tion 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

SuKated and sulfonated acyclic surface-active agents, total 

Acids, sulfated and sulfonated 

Sulfonated oleic acid (Sulfonated red oil) 

All other 

Amides, sulfated and sulfonated 

Esters, sulfated: 

Sulfated n-butyl oleate._ 

Sulfated isopropyl oleate 

Oils, fats, and waxes, sulfated and sulfonated, total 

Animal fats and oils, sulfated and sulfonated, total 

Neat's foot oil, sulfonated 

Tallow, sulfonated 

All other 

Fish and marine-mammal oils, sulfated and sulfonated, total. . 

Cod oil, sulfonated 

Herring oil, sulfonated 

Sperm oil, sulfonated 

All other 

Vegetable oils, fats, waxes, sulfated and sulfonated, total 

Castor oil, sulfonated 

Coconut oil, sulfonated 

Corn oil, sulfonated 

Mustard seed oil, sulfonated 

Peanut oil, sulfonated 

Rice bran oil, sulfonated 

Soybean oil, sulfonated 

Teaseed oil, sulfonated 

All other 

All other oils, fats, and waxes, sulfated and sulfonated, total.. 

Recovered grease, sulfonated 

Tall oil, sulfonated... 

Petroleum aliphatic compounds, sulfonated 

All other sulfated and sulfonated acyclic surface-active agents ».. 



1,000 

pounds 

169, 303. 3 



1,000 

pounds 

118,254.6 



1,000 
dollars 
43, 452. 7 



Per 

pound 
$0.37 



4, 675. 7 
2, 816. 9 

1, 858. 8 
14, 845. 7 

602.4 

753. 4 

35, 063. 2 

10, 672. 8 

2, 217. 4 
7,211.7 
1, 243. 7 

12, 90S. 
4, 203. 9 
4, 013. 8 

1, 822. 

2, 868. 3 
10, 972. 6 

5, 265. 6 
333.2 
271.6 
686.7 

1,357.5 
616.6 
701.3 
428.6 

1,311.5 

509.8 

105.5 

404.3 

21, 700. 4 

91, 722. 5 



4, 664. 1 
2, 559. 6 
2, 104. 5 
13, 195. 6 



1, 379. 1 



685.3 
11,452.2 



.30 
.27 
.33 

.87 



752. 9 

23, 513. 4 

8, 202. 3 

1,890.9 

5, 700. 6 

610.8 
7, 242. 2 

3. 336. 
1, 766. 

658. 8 
1,481.4 
7, 678. 6 

4. 423. 1 
174.7 

53.4 
435.1 
818.7 
118.1 
428.9 
360.6 
866.0 
390.3 
107.0 
283.3 
16, 152. 8 
59, 975. 8 



392.2 

5, 222. 7 

1, 549. 3 

474.3 

968.1 

106.9 

1, 454. 9 

608.5 

340.0 

212.0 

294.4 

2, 175. 5 

1, 129. 8 

35.8 

17.9 

115.2 

217.9 

?4.5 

169.0 

103.5 

361.9 

43.0 

8.6 

34.4 

5, 147. 7 

19, 858. 8 



' Includes sulfated and sulfonated alcohols, and some sulfated and sulfonated esters which are not listed 
separately in the table. 

Note.— The statistics on sales of surface-active agents in 1948 do not include the quantity and value of 
interplant transfers as the statistics for 1947 and earlier years did. The sales statistics given in this report, 
therefore, are not strictly comparable with the sales statistics given in the earher reports. Before 1948 
interplant transfers probably did not account for more than 10 percent of the total of sales plus transfers. 

Miscellaneous Synthetic Organic Chemicals 

Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals consist of products such 
as paint driers, insecticides, plant hormones, synthetic tanning 
materials, photographic chemicals, flotation reagents, refrigerants, 
and solvents not included in any of the preceding use groups. Pro- 
duction in 1948 of these miscellaneous chemicals as a group amounted 
to 12 billion pounds, or 20 percent more than the 10 billion pounds 
reported for 1947. Sales in 1948 totaled 5 billion pounds, valued at 
710 million dollars. Statistics on production and sales of miscel- 
laneous chemicals in 1948 are given in table 25A." 

Production of the cyclic group of miscellaneous chemicals in 1948 
amounted to 215 million pounds, 4.8 percent over that in 1947; sales 
totaled 179 million pounds, valued at 64 million dollars. Production 



" See also table 25B, part III, which lists these chemicals alphabetically and identifies the manufac- 
turers. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



53 



of cyclic insecticides amounted to 54.4 million pounds in 1948 com- 
pared with 66 million in 1947. Among these insecticides, DDT 
decreased in output to 20.2 million pounds from 49.6 million in 1947. 
Production of plant hormones, chiefly 2,4-D, increased enormously, 
totaling 30.5 million pounds in 1948 compared with 8.9 million in 1947. 
Production of rosin acid salts reached 6.2 million pounds in 194S 
compared with 1.7 million pounds in 1947. 

Table 25A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
miscellaneous chemicals, 1948 

[Listed bolow are all miscellaneous chemicals for which any reported data on production or sabs may be 
published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are confidential and may not be published or where 
BO data were reported.) Table 25B in part III lists alphabetically all miscellaneous chemicals for which 
data on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Chemical 



Produc- 
tion 



Sales 



Quan- 
tity 



Value 



Unit 
value 



Grand total. 

MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 
Total .-.- 



Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown. 
Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below... 

Benzoic acid salts: Sodium benzoate, tech. and U. S. P 

Benzoyl peroxide 

Chemical reagents 

Cyclopropane 



Flotation reagents, total. 



Diphenylthiourea. 
All other' 



Hexamethylenetetramine, tech. 
Insecticides, total 



4,4'-Dichlorodiphenyl-l,l,l-trichloroethane (DDT) . 

4,6-Dinitro-o-cresol 

Hexachlorocyclohexane (Benzene hexachloride) 

All other » 



Naphthenic acid salts (paint driers), total s. 



Calcium naphthenate 

Cobalt naphthenate 

Copper naphthenate 

Iron naphthenate 

Lead naphthenate 

Manganese naphthenate . 

Zinc naphthenate 

All other 



Photographic chemicals, total. 

Hydroquinone 

Another* 



1,000 

pounds 

11,987.700 



1,000 

pounds 

5, 303, 622 



1,000 
dollars 
709, 910 



51,044 
163, 930 



Plant hormones, total 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) 

2,4-D ichlorophenoxyacetic acid ester: Isopropyl 2,4-dichloro- 

phenoxy acetate 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, sodium salt 

a-Naphthaleneacetic acid 

All other » 



See footnotes at end of table, p. 55. 



4,990 

1,202 

22 

73 

3,333 



318 
3,015 



12, 870 

54, 378 



20, 240 

202 

18,382 

15, 554 

24, 866 



740 

5,494 

1,680 

534 

12, 470 

2,703 

1,209 

36 

3, 629 



2,588 
1,041 



3,884 
1,536 



3,227 



178, 605 



45, 732 
132, 873 



3,897 

442 

20 

61 

2,717 



56, 136 



30, 000 



14, 057 
11,991 



24, 974 



789 

5,611 

1,727 

513 

12, 278 

2,914 

1,113 

29 

3,618 



2,582 
1,036 



15, 227 



9,154 

2,458 

1,066 

3 

2,546 



63, 742 



15, 5.35 
48, 207 



1,321 
301 

57 
832 

909 



18,859 



9,212 

47 

4,477 

5,123 

7,278 



241 

2,431 

356 

136 

3,031 

763 

300 

20 

4,140 



1,746 
2,394 



11,168 



6,305 

2,005 

786 

29 

2,043 



Per 
pound 
$0.13 



.36 



.34 
.36 



2.85 
13.64 



.33 



.31 
.53 
.32 
.43 

.29 



.31 
.43 
.21 
.26 
.25 
,26 
.27 
.70 

1.14 



2.31 

.72 

.69 

.82 

.74 

9.67 

.80 



54 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 25A.- 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: United States prodxiction and sales of 
miscellaneous chemicals, 1948 — Continued 



Chemical 



Produc- 
tion 



Sales 



Quan- 
tity 



Value 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Con. 
Rosin acid salts, total ' 



Cobalt resinate 

Lead resinate 

^fanpanese resinate. 
AU other 



Tanning materials, synthetic 

MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 
Total 



Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown_ 
Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below... 

Acetaldehvde 

Acetic acid, synthetic (100%) 



Acetic acid salts, U. S. P. and tech., total. 



Aluminum acetate.. 
Ammonium acetate. 
Cadmium acetate... 

Cobalt acetate 

Zinc acetate 

Another 



Acetic anhydride, from all sourees. 
Acetone, total 



By fermentation 

From isopropyl alcohol and other sources. 



Amines 

Amyl acetates, primary (90%) . 



Amyl alcohols, total 

Isoamyl (3-Methylbutanol-l) (100%) . 

All other 

Butyl acetates 

Butyl alcohols 

Carbon disulfide 



Cellulose esters and ethers, total- 



Cellulose acetate 

Cellulose nitrate 

Sodium carboxymethylcellulose. 
All other 



Diethyl malonate 

Dimethvlurea 

Ethyl acetate (85%) 

Ethylene glycol 

Ethylene oxide 

Ethyl ether 

E thyl mercaptan 

Fatty acid esters not included with plasticizers 

Flotation reagents « ._ 

Formaldehyde (37% HCHO by weight) 

Formic acid salts 

Fumaric acid 

Fungicides: Dithiocarbamic acid salts and derivatives. 

Gases (poi.sonous, tear, etc.) 

Halogenated hydrocarbons, total 



Carbon tetrachloride. 
Chloroform, total 

Tech 

U. S. P 



1,000 
pounds 
6,207 



1,000 
ponrjft.t 
5, 624 



1,000 
dollars 

786 



43 

599 

273 

5,292 

21,824 



11,772,726 



38 

486 

277 

4,823 

20, 157 



5,125,017 



13 
111 

58 
604 

2.556 



646, 168 



3, 399, 750 
8, 372, 976 



1,658.914 
3, 466, 103 



305, 287 
340, 881 



471, 148 
396, 038 



17, 766 



13, 701 
142, .509 



14, 940 



1,209 
11,074 



252 
62 
2 
113 
124 
17, 213 

779, 193 

470, 608 



280 

56 

2 

101 

135 

14, 366 

169, 905 

219, 683 



103 
23 
6 
94 
30 
1,738 

18. 483 

17, 597 



26, 858 
443, 750 



44,342 
12,336 



19, 192 



22, 291 
197, 392 



10, 016 



2.003 
15. 594 



4,113 



7,797 



1,513 



45 

19, 147 

65. 523 

297. 140 

401,117 

567, 702 



51 

7.746 

60, 525 

160, 282 

361, 706 

119,486 



21 

1,492 

11,116 

27, 158 
15,344 

41, 553 



432, 310 

86, 537 

5,772 

43, 083 

727 

296 

61, 508 

366, 721 



119,486 



41, 553 



36, 832 

148 

1,267 

17, 024 

617, 187 

8,502 

2.691 

8,100 

2,157 

1, 775, 891 



214, 820 

12, 643 

10, 967 

1,676 



53, 459 
265, 262 
37, 876 
26, 861 



6,735 

3.5, 109 

5,375 

4,013 



1,001 

16, 440 

418, 253 

5,553 



328 

4,098 

15,311 

717 



5,926 

1,146 

766, 050 



3,052 

572 

73, 038 



204, 547 

10, 591 

8,948 

1,643 



10, 464 

1,544 

1,172 

372 



See footnotes at end of table, p. 55. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



55 



Table 25A. 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
miscellaneous chemicals, 1948 — Continued 



Chemical 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Con. 

Halosenated hyarocarbons— Continued 

Chlorinated paraffin 

Ethyl bromide 

Ethyl chloride, tech, 

Ethylene diehloride (1,2-Dichloroethane) 

Methyl bromide 

Methyl chloride, refined (refrigerant grade) 

Methylene chloride, refined (refrigerant grade) 

All other 



Insecticides ' 

Isopropyl acetate 

Isopropyl alcohol (100%) '_ 

Lactic acid (100%), total - - 



Tech. 



Edible and medicinal 

Lactic acid salts: Sodium lactate. 
Linoleic acid salts, total s 



Calcium linoleate 

Cobalt linoleate 

Lead 1 inoleate 

Manganese linoleate. 
All other 



Methanol, synthetic . 
Oleic acid salts, total. 



Copper oleate. 

Lead oleate 

All other 



Oxalic acid __- 

Pentaery thritol 

Pentaerythritol tetranitrate _ 
Research chemicals 



Stearic acid salts, total. 

Aluminum stearates. 

Barium stearate 

Calcium stearate 

Lead stearate 

Magnesium stearate.. 

Zinc stearate 

All other 



TaU oil salts, total- 



Cobalt tallate. 
Lead taUate... 
All other 



Thioglycolic acid salts: Ammonium thioglycolate 



Produc- 
tion 



1.000 

pounds 

Ifi, 632 

597 

274, 6G0 

235, 893 

1, 253 



18, 145 
1, 001, 248 

1, 327 

34,286 

834. 335 



2,316 
2,676 



172 
2,621 



706 

1,255 

71 

472 

117 

990, 240 

344 



163 

22, 170 

20, 517 

598 

31 

18, 804 



8,077 
135 

2,795 
434 
324 

5,884 

1,155 

964 



523 
267 
174 

419 



Sales 



Quan- 
tity 



1,000 
pounds 
14, 231 



58, 703 

1,028 

13, 690 

18,449 

444,811 

1,392 
28, 839 



6,223 



2,315 
2,908 

211 

2,455 



703 



30 

416 

1,306 

495, 943 

274 



81 
104 



20, 58V 

16, 084 

539 

25 

15,206 



6,049 
142 

2,054 
414 
264 

5,128 

1,155 

948 



534 
256 
158 



Value 



1,000 
dollars 
1,412 



4,156 

421 

2,116 

1,665 

51, 260 

922 
3,354 



1,517 



470 
1,047 



73 
907 



12 
173 
531 

19, 084 

91 



36 
30 
25 

2,739 

5,252 

404 

266 

6,431 



2,525 

63 

892 

188 

123 

2,358 
282 

339 



231 
67 
41 



Unit 
value 



Per 
pound 
$0.10 



.07 
.41 
.15 



.66 
.12 



.20 
.36 



.35 
.37 



.41 
.42 
.40 

.04 



.45 
.28 
.28 

.13 

.33 

.75 

10.70 

.42 



' Includes data on dicresyldithiophosphoric acid and salts, di-o-tolylthiourea, and others. 

2 Includes data on chlorocamphene, chlordane, dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane (DDD), and others. 

3 Includes only data reported by manufacturers of paint driers who account for virtually all of the produc- 
tion and sales of these products. Quantities are given on the basis of solid naphthenate, resinate, or linoleate 
content. 

< Includes data on catechol, N,N-diethyltoluene-2,5-diamine hydrochloride, N,N-diethyl-p-phenylene- 
diamine hydrochloride, p-methylaminophenol sulfate, and others. 

5 Includes data on isopropyl 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate, butyl 2,4-dichloropheno.xyacetate, and others. 

' Includes dithiophosphates, fatty amine esters, xanthates, and others. 

' Includes tetraethyl phosphates and pyrophosphates, glycol sebacate, and others. 

8 Data which were reported on the basis of 88%, 91%, 95%, and 99% have been converted to 100% basis. 

Note.— The statistics on sales of miscellaneous chemicals in 1948 do not include the quantity and value 
of interplant transfers as the statistics for 1947 and earlier years did. The sales statistics given in this 
report, therefore, are not strictly comparable with the sales statistics given in earlier reports. Before 1948 
interplant transfers probably did not account for more than 10 percent of the total of sales plus transfers 



56 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

In 1948 the output of acyclic miscellaneous chemicals as a group 
increased 2 billion pounds over the preceding year (11.8 billion pounds 
compared with 9.8 billion in 1947). Sales totaled 5.1 billion pounds, 
valued at 646 million dollars. This group consists principally of 
solvents, refrigerants, and acyclic intermediates.^^ 

Halogenated hydrocarbons (chlorides, bromides, fluorides, and 
iodides) increased 13 percent in output in 1948 compared with 1947 
and accounted for nearly one-sixth of the total output of miscellaneous 
acyclic chemicals. Other increases in the acyclic group included 
those for synthetic methanol (990 million pounds compared with 555 
million pounds), acetic anhydride (779 million pounds compared with 
632 million) , cellulose esters and ethers (568 million pounds compared 
with 479 million), formaldehyde (617 million pounds compared with 
521 million), and ethylene glycol (367 million pounds compared with 
227 million). 

Important chemicals for which production statistics may not be 
published because of the possibility of divulging operations of indi- 
vidual companies are ethyl alcohol ^^ and tetraethyl lead. 

Production of recovered acetic acid, statistics for which are not 
included in table 25A, totaled 1.8 billion pounds in 1948. 

12 As indicated by the wide difference between production and sales, a substantial part of the acyclic mis- 
cellaneous chemicals is consumed at producing plants in the manufacture of other more advanced products. 
Acyclic miscellaneous chemicals so used are, therefore, acyclic intermediates and correspond in function to 
cyclic intermediates, although no group of acyclic miscellaneous chemicals is commonly recognized by the 
chemical industry as intermediates. 

'3 Statistics on the production of ethyl alcohol from natural sources by fermentation are not included in this 
report. They are, however, issued monthly and annually by the Alcohol Tax Unit, Bureau of Internal 
Revenue, U. S. Treasury Department. 



PART III. ALPHABETICAL LIST OF INDIVIDUAL PRODUCTS, BY 
GROUPS, AND NAMES OF MANUFACTURERS 

Part III of this report consists of a series of tables which supplement 
the statistical information given in parts I and II, and a Directory of 
Manufactm-ers. Tables whose numbers include the letter B are sup- 
plemental to the tables in part I or part II whose numbers are followed 
by the letter A; for example, table 8B in part III supplements table 8A 
in part II. 

Each table in part III lists alphabetically the individual items in 
each group for which data on production or sales were reported for 
1948.^ In addition, manufacturers of each product are designated 
by an identifying number given in the Dii'ectory of Manufacturers, 
except for a few companies which have specifically requested the 
Tariff Commission to withhold such information on certain items. 
The latter manufactm-ers are indicated only by the letter X. 

Tar Crudes 

Table 4B. — Organic chemicals: Tar crudes for which United States production or 
sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 

[Tar crudes for which separate statistics are given in table 4A are marked below with an asterisk (*): prod- 
ucts not so marked do not appear in table 4A because the reported data are confidential and may not 
be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from table 26. Table 26 
identifies all United States producers of tar crudes (e.xcept producers who report to the Coal Economics 
Division, U. S. Bureau of Mines)] 



Product 



Manufacturers' identification num- 
bers (according to list in table 26) 



* Crude light oil. 

Light-oil distillates: 
•Benzenes: 

Benzene 1° 

Benzene 2° 

Benzene 90% 

•Benzene motor 

Benzene, all other 

•Toluenes: 

Toluene, nitration gi-ade, 1° 

Toluene, pure commercial grade, 2°. 

Toluene, all other 

•Xylenes: 

Xylene 3° 

Xylene, 10° 

Xylene, commercial 

•Solvent naphtha 

•All other light-oil distillates 

•Pyridine: 

Crude bases, dry basis 

Semirefined or denaturing grade 

•Naphthalene (crude), solidifying at — 

Less than 74° C 

74° to less than 76° C 

76° to less than 79° C 



12, 76, 89, 330, 513. 



49, 113, 223, 332, 387. 
76, 387, 486, 495. 
106, 387. 
360, 387. 
49, 187. 

49, 113, 223, 387. 
76, 360, 387. 
149. 

49, 76, 223. 

49, 113, 387. 

223, 360. 

16, 76, 223, 271, 360, 387, 511, 512, 515 

16, 49, 113, 360, 387. 

515. 
387, 515. 

16, 76, 83, 360, 511, 513. 
16, 271. 360, 387, 511, 515. 
326, 330, 387, 511, 515, 535. 



• An asterisk (•) preceding the name of an item in the tables in part III indicates that separate statistics are 
given for these items in tables in part I or part II. 

57 

857784—49 5 



58 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 4B. — Organic chemicals; Tar crudes for which United States production or 
sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Product 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



* Crude tar-acid oils, having a tar-acid content of— 

5% to less than 24% 

24% to less than 50% 

All other 

•Cresylic acid, less than 75%, distilling under 215° C 
♦Creosote oil (Dead oil): 
*Sold or consumed as such._ _ _._ 

*Sold or consumed in coal-tar solution 

•Coal tar in coal-tar solution, sold or consumed 

*A11 other distillate products 

•Tar, road 

*Tar, for other uses: 

Crude 

Refined-- - 

•Pitch of tar: 

•Soft, m. p. 80° to 109° F 

•Medium, m. p. 110° to 160° F 

•Hard, m. p.: 

161° to 212° F 

213° to 230° F 

231° to 290° F 

291° F. and over 

Pitch emulsion -- 

* Pitch of tar coke 



12, 83, 223, 367. 387. 482, 515, 517. 
271, 330, 387, 535, 536. 
326, 387. 
387, 515. 

12, 83, 89, 223, 326, 330, 360, 387, 482, 
511, 512, 513, 515, 517, 535, 536. 

326, 367, 387, 511, 515, 517, 536. 

326, 387, 482, 511, 515. 

12, 16, 83, 89, 271, 326, 383, 387, 511, 
.512 515 517 

12, 326, 360, 367, 387, 482, 511, 512, 
515, 517, 536. 

149, 387, 515. 

12, 330, 387, 482, 511, 512, 513, 515, 
517. 

360, 511. 

12, 89, 330, 367, 387, 511, 512, 513, 
515, 517, 536. 

387, 515. 

360, 387, 511, 512. 

387, 515. 

326, 387, 515, 517. 

367. 

387, 482, 511, 512, 515, 535, 536. 



Crude Products from Petroleum and Natural Gas For Chemical Conversion 

Table 5B. — Organic chemicals: Crude products from petroleum and natural gas 
for chemical conversion for which United States production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1948 

[Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which separate statistics are 
given in table 5A are marked below with an asterisk (•) ; products not so marked do not appear in table 5A 
because the reported data are confidential and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification 
numbers shown below are taken from table 26] 



Product 


Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 


aromatics and naphthenes 


332. 




486. 


Aromatic distillates - 


500. 




388. 


Cresylic acid (less than 75%, distilling over 215° C.) 

Mi.xed petroleum peroxides 

•Naphthenic acid: 

Acid number less than 150 

Acid number 1.50-199 - - -- 


333, 486, 495. 
132. 

295, 400. 

132, 133, 486. • 


Acid number 200-224 

Acid number 225-249 -. --. 


207, 333. 

203, 207, 333, 486. 


Acid number 250 and over 


333. 


Naphthenic acid, copper salt, crude 

Naphthenic acid, sodium salt, crude 


495. 
486, 495. 


Sodium carbolate, solution, crude - 

Sodium phenolates, crude 


459. 
262. 


•Toluene: 

Nitration grade, 1° - -- -- 


72, 495. 




106, 219, 388, 487. 


Solvent grade, 90% 

All other 


370, 459. 
187, 198, 388. 


•Xylene: 


388, 486. 




495. 


o-Xylene, 88% or greater _ 


370, 459, 486, 495. 


All other . 


106, 187, 198, 370, 388, 459. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



59 



Table 5B. — Organic chemicals: Crude products from petroleum and natural gas 
for chemical conversion for which United States production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Product 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS 

Ci hydrocarbons: Methane 

Cs hydrocarbons: 

Ethane 

•Ethylene 

Cj and C3 hydrocarbon mixture 

'Cj hydrocarbons: 

Propane 

Propane-propylene 

Propylene _ 

C3, Ci, and C5 hydrocarbon mixture 

•C4 hydrocarbons: 

n-Butane 

Butanes, mixed 

*1,3-Butadiene, grade for rubber (Elastomers) 

Butadiene and butylene, fraction 

1-Butene 

2-Butene 

•1-Butene and 2-butene, fraction 

Isobutane 

Isobutylene 

*C5 hydrocarbons: 

Isopentane 

Isoprene 

n-Pentane 

1-Pentene 

2-Pentene 

Pentenes, mixed 

Cs, Ce, C7, and Cs hydrocarbon mixture 

Cj hydrocarbons: 

Di-isopropyl (2,3-Dimethylbutane) (for chemical use only) 

n-Hexane 

Hexenes, mixed 

Isohexane 

Neohexane (2,2-Dimethylbutane) 

C: hydrocarbons: 

n-Heptane 

Isoheptane 

Isoheptenes 

All other 

*C8 hydrocarbons: Di-isobutylene. 

Ct hydrocarbons: Nonene 

Cis and heavier hydrocarbon mixture 

Dodecene 

Polybutene 

Tri-isobutylene 

AU other aliphatic hydrocarbons 



315, 355. 

355, 400. 

106,203,219,355,400,487. 

459. 

198, 262, 295, 296, 315, 355, 388. 

400. 

106, 203, 315, 355, 487, 495. 

106. 

295,296,315,355. 

400. 

70, 178, 203, 355, 388, 405, 486, 487. 

487. 

315. 

315. 

133, 178, 198, 203, 262, 388, 400, 495. 

315, 355. 

203, 388, 495. 

315. 

203. 

315. 

315. 

315,491. 

262,491. 

106. 

315. 
315. 
262. 
315. 
315. 

315. 

315. 

315. 

315. 

203, 262, 332. 

174, 262. 

400. 

174, 459. 

459, 486. 

262. 

315, 388, 500. 



60 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Intermediates 

Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 

[Cyclic intermediates for which separate statistics aie given in table 7A are marked below with an asterisk 
(*); cyclic intermediates not so marked do not appear in table 7 A because the reported data are confiden- 
tial and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from 
table 26. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification 
number with the designated product. (Part C in the appendix lists alphabetically all the important 
common names of cyclic intermediates usually encountered in the trade and gives the corresponding 
standard (Chemical Abstracts) name under which the manufacturers' identification numbers are given 
in this table)] 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



Acenaphthylene ( Acenaphthene) 

5-Acetamido-2-aminobenzenesulfonie acid 

5-Acetamido-8-amino-2(and 3)-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Acetyl- 
amino Cleve's acid). 

2-Acetamido-3-chloroantnraquinone 

2-Acetamido-3-chloro-9,10-dihydro-9,10-anthradiol-9,10-disulfonic 
acid, diethyl ester. 

1- Acetamido-7-naphthol 

8-Acetamido-l -naphthol-3,5-disulfonic acid 

5-Acetamidosalicylic acid 

• Acetanilide, tech 

Aeetanilinoethanol (X-Phenylacety 1 ethanolamine) 

p-Acetaniside ( Acety 1-p-anisidine) 

Acetate leuco violet (l,4-Diamino-2,3-dihydroanthraquinone) 

Acetoacetanilide 

Acetoaceto-1-naphthylamide 

o-Aeetoacetotoluide 

2,4-Acetoacetoxylide 

o-Acetotoluide 

*p-Acetotohiide 

Acetylphenyl benzoate 

*N-Acetylsulfanilyl chloride (p-Acetamidobenzenesulfonyl chloride) - 
Acridine 

*p-Aminoacetanilide ( Acetyl-p-phenylenediamine) 

m-Aminoacetophenone 

5-Amino-2-(4-amino-m-tolu idino) benzenesulfonie acid 

*5-Amino-2-anilinobenzenesulfonic acid (4-Amino-diphenylamine-2- 

sulfonic acid) . 
fi-(p-Aminoanilino)metanilic acid (Phenylene Nerol acid) 

*2-(p-Aminoanilino) -5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

* 1 -A minoanthraquinone and salt 

*2- Aminoant hraquinone and salt 

1 -Aminoanthraquinone-2-sulfonic acid 

4-Aminoantipyrine (Aminopyrazolone) 

Amino azobenzene _ 

*6-Amino-3,4'-azobis(benzenesulfonic acid) (Aminoazobenzene disul- 
fo acid) . 

4-Aminoazotoluene-4'-sulfonic acid 

8-Amino-l ,2-benzac"ridin-7(12)-one 

p-Aminobenzaldehyde 

l-Amino-4-benzamidoanthraquinone 

1 -Amino-5-benzamidoanthraquinone 

*6-(m-Aminobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (m-Aminoben- 
zoyl .1 acid). 

*6-(p-Aminobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (p-Aminoben- 
zoyl J acid). 

'2-Amino-p-benzenedisulfonic acid (Aniline-2,5-disulfonic acid). _ 

m- Amino benzenesulfonamide 

p-Aminobenzoic acid 

p-Aminobenzoic acid, ethyl ester (Benzocaine, intermediate grade) _. 

(p-Aminobenzoyl)acetonitrile ,.. 

p-Aminobenzoyl-m-piienylenediamine 

m-Am inobenzyl alcohol _ 

*l-Amino-4-bromo-2-anthraquinonesulfonic acid (Bromamine acid)... 

4-Amino-5-(bromomethyl)-2-methylp>Timidine dihydrobromide 

l-Amino-2-bromo-4-(p-toluidino)anthraquinone 

p-Amino->.-(n-butyl) phenol 

N(4'-Aminobenzoyl)-p-toluenediamine 

2-Amino-4-chloroacetanilide 

p-Amino-a-chloroacetophenone 

l-Amino-5-chloroanthraquinone 

l-Amino-6-chloroanthraquinone 

l-Amino-8-chloroanthraquinone 

l-Amino-5(and 8)-chloroanthraquinone 

2-Amino-3-chloroant hraquinone 

2-Amino-l-chloroanthraquinone 



511. 515. 
229. 

284. 

229. 
229. 

229, 284. 

229. 

497. 

101, 219, 229, 395, 462, 487. 

336. 

350. 

229, 386, 465. 

231, 355. 

377. 

231, 355. 

229. 

350. 

223, 462, 533. 

533. 

101, 219, 223, 336, 462. 

284,350,511. 

101, 182, 229, 284, 350. 

487, 533. 

229. 

101, 229, 350. 

284. 

101, 229, 238. 282, 350. 

223, 229, 238, 284, 350, 386, 504. 

223, 229, 284, 350. 

229, 350. 

199. 

524. 

101, 229, 282, 284, 350, 524. 

238, 524. 

284. 

229. 

223, 229. 

229, 284. 

229, 238, 284, 350, 377, X. 

229, 238, 282, 284, 350, 377. 

101,229,284, 350,377. 

284. 

284. 

199. 

229. 

284. 

284. 

229, 284, 350. 

336. 

284, 386. 

284. 

284. 

229. 

229. 

284, 350. 

284. 

284. 

350. 

229. 

284. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



61 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Chemical 



2-Amino-5-chlorobenzenesulfonieacid 

5-Amino-2-chlorobenzenesulfonic acid ..- 

3- Amino-6-chloiobenzoic acid (5-Amino-2-chlorobenzoic acid) 

l-Amino-5-chlorobenzothiazolc_ _ 

l-Amino-5-chloiobenzot hiazole hydrochloride 

o-(3-Amino-4-chlorobenzoy 1) benzoic acid __ 

Aminochlorodipheny 1 et her 

1 - Amino-5-chloro-4-hy droxyan t hraquinone 

2-Am ino-4-chloro-5-nitrophenol 

2- Am ino-6-chloro-4-nitrophenol. 

2-Am ino-4-chlorophenol 

2-Am ino-4-chlorophenyl benzyl et her 

*2-.\mino-4-chloro-l-phenol-6-suIfonic acid 

*2-Amino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid (Lake red C amine). 

3-Am ino-5-chloro-p-t oluenesulfonic acid 

f)-Amino-4-chloro-m-toluenesulfonic acid. 

2-Am ino-p-cresol 

*l-.\mino-2,4-dibromoant hraquinone (Dibromoaminoanthraquinone). 

2-.\mino-l ,3-dibromoant hraquinone 

4'-.\mino-2',5'-diethoxybenzanihde 

3-Amino-5-(4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxopyrazolyl)-p-toluenesulfonic 
acid. 

1 - Amino-2,5-dimethoxy benzonitrile 

3-.\mino-N',X-dimethyl-p-toluenesulfonamide 

4'.'\.mino-2',5'-dimethoxybenzanilide 

2-.\mino-3,5-dinitrobenzenesulfonethylamide 

4-.'Vmino-5-et hoxjanet hy 1-2-met hylpjTimidine 

*5-.\mino-6-ethoxy-2-napnt halenesuJfonic acid 

2- (p-Am ino-X-et hy lauiIino)ethanol 

m-.'i.m inoformanilide 

3-.\m ino-2-hydroxyanthraquinone 

3-.\mino-4-hydroxybenzenear sonic acid 

3-Amino-6-hy droxy-2-methy 1 phenazine (Tolazine base) 

l-.A.mino-4-methoxyant hraquinone 

5-Amino-2-methoxybenzyl alcohol 

8-.\mino-6-met boxy quinoline (.\michin) 

4-.\m ino-N-met hylacetanilide 

3-.\mino-2-methyl-5-(aminomethyl)-4-(methoxymethyl) pyridine di- 
hydrochloride. 

1- Amino-2-methylanthraquinone 

4'- Amino-6'-met hylbenzaniside , 

2- Amino-4-met hy idiazine 

3- Amino-4-met hyloctadecylaminobenzenesulfonic acid 

8- Amino-7-met hyl-2-phenazinol 

4'- Amino-5'-methyl-p-t oluenesulfono-o-aniside 

1- Amino-2-methyi-4-(p-toluidino) anthraquinone 

2- Amino-1 ,5-nap"h thalenedisulfonic acid 

*3-Amino-l,5-naphthalenedisu!fonic acid (Cassella acid) 

3-Amino-2,7-naphlhalenedisulfonic acid 

4- Amino-1 ,5-naph thalenedisulfonic acid 

4- Amino-1 ,6-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

*6- Amino-1 ,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Amino I acid) 

*7-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Amino G acid). 

*8- Amino-1, fi-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (l-Naphthylamine-3,8-di- 
sulfonic acid). 

l-.\mino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (o-Naphthionic acid) 

4- Amino-1-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

*5-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Laurent's acid) 

*5-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (1.6-Cleve's acid) 

*2- Amino-1-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Tobias acid) 

*5(and 8)-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Cleve's acid, mixed) 

6- Amino-1-napht halenesulfonic acid 

*6-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Broenner's acid) 

7- Amino-1-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

7-.^mino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

*8-.\mino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Peri acid) 

*8- Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (1 ,7-Cleve's acid) 

7-.\mino-l ,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid 

*8-Amino-l,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid (Koch acid) 

8- Amino-1-napht hoic acid 

5-.A.mino-l-naphthol 

8- Amino-2-naph thol 

8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,.')-disulfonic acid 

*8-Amino-l-naphthol-5,7-disulfonic acid (Chicago acid), monosodium 

salt. 
7-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonicacid (2R acid), monosodium salt... 

,8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid (H acid) , monosodium salt 

,l-Amino-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid (1,2,4- Acid) 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



229. 



229, 350, 377. 

229, 282, 284, 350, 377. 
241, 418, 462, 524, 533. 

533. 

284, 350, 386. 



350, 377. 



350. 



229, 284, 350, 462. 

350. 

350. 

229, 284, 350, 524. 

223, 229, 284, 350, 462, 524. 

229, 284, 350. 



223, 229, 282, 284, 350. 

229, 284, 350. 

223, 241, 462, 524, 533. 

229, 284, 350, 377. 

284, 350. 

239, 350, 462, X. 



282, 284, 350. 
229, 284, 350. 



229, 284, 350. 



229, 284, 350. 

284, 350. 

219, 229, 284, 350. 

223, 229, 284, 350, 37 



62 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — ^Continued 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



*6-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (J acid), sodium salt 

*7-Amino-l-nMphthol-3-sulfonicacid (Gamma acid), sodium salt 

8-Amino-l-naphthol-5-sulfonic acid (S acid), sodium salt 

*2-Amino-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid (i)-Nitroaniline-o-sulfonic acid) _ 
4-Amino-4'-nitrodiphenylamine-o-sulfanilic acid 

*2- Amino-4-nitrophenoI (p-Xitro-o-aminophenol) 

2- Amino-5-nitrophenol 

4- Amino-2-nitrophenol 

2- Amino-4-nitro-l-phenol-6-sulfonic acid 

2-Amlno-6-nitro-l-phenol-4-sulfonic acid 

3- Amino-5-nitro-p-toluenesulfonic acid 

m- Aniinophenol 

*o- Aminophenol 

2-(p-Aminophenyl)-l-octadecyl-5-benzimidazolesulfonicacid 

*p-AminophenoI and salts. . _ 

2- Amino-l-phenol-4-sulfonamide 

*2-Amino-l-phenol-4-sulfonic acid (o-Aminophenol-p-sulfonic acid) _ _ 

*m-(p-AminophenyIazo)bonzenesulfonic acid (Aminoazobenzene-m- 
sulfonic acid). 

*p-(p-Aminophenylazo)benzenesulfonic acid (Aminoazobenzene-p- 
sulfonic acid) . 

5(and 8)-Amino-8(and 5)-phenylazo-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

4-Amino-a-phenyl-m-cresol hydrochloride 

2-(p- Aminophenyl)-6-methylbenzothiazole 

l-(m-Aminophenyl)-5-pyrazolone-3-carboxylic acid (m-Aminophen- 
ylpyrazoloneearboxylic acid). 

2-Aminopyridine 

2- Aminopyrimidine 

2-Aminoquinoxaline 

5- A miuosalicylic acid 

3-Amino-5-stearoylamino-p-toluenesulfonic acid 

2-(4-Amino-3-sulfophenyl)-6-methyl-5-benzothiazolesulfonic acid 

p-(p-Amino-o-sulfonylphenylazo) benzenesulfonic acid 

*2-Aminothiazole 

l-Amino-4-toluenesulfonamidoanthraquinone-2-sulfonic acid 

S-Amino-o-toluenesulfonanilide 

*4-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid (o-Toluidine-m-sulfonic acid) 

4-Amino-o-toluenesulfonic acid 

*5-Amino-o-toluenpsulfonic acid (p-Toluidine-p-sulfonic acid) 

6-(3-Amino-p-toluylamido)-l-naphthoI-J3-sulfonic acid 

2-(4- Amino-m-toluidino)-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid. 

*4-(4-Amino-m-tolylazo)-m-toluenesulfonic acid (o-Amino azotoluene- 
sulfonic acid) and salt. 

m-Amino-a.o.a, -trifluorotoluene 

16- A mino violanthrone 

4- Amino.vant hopurpurine _ 

*2-Amino-3,5-xylenesulfonic acid (m-Xylidenesulfonic acid) 

Amylnaphthalenes 

o-Amylphenol 

p-sec- A my 1 phenol 

p-tert-Amylphenol 

•Aniline (Aniline oil) 

Aniline sulfate 

Aniline salts 

1- Anilino-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid 

2- Anilinoethanol (Phenylethanolamine) 

*AnilinomethanesuIfonic acid (Aniline-omega-sulfonic acid) and salt. 
6- Anilino-2-methoxy metanilic acid 

*8-Anilino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Phenyl Peri acid) 

*6-Anllino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (Phenyl J acid) 



*7-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (Phenyl gamma acid). 

2- Anilino-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

•Anisic acid _._ 

o-Anisidine 

*p-Anisidine 

o-Anisidine nitrate ._ 

•o-Anisidinomethanesulfonic acid (o-Anisidine-omega-sulfonic acid). 

2-p- Anisidino-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

Anisoin (4,4'- Dimethoxy benzoin) 

Anisole, tech _. 

Anisoyl chloride 

a- (p- Anisyl)-a-ethyl-p-methoxyacetophenone 

a- (p- Anisyl)-p-methoxyacetophenone 

Anisyl nitrile 

N-(p-Anisyl)-4-nitroanthranilic acid 

N-(p-Anisyl)-p-phenyIenediamine _ 



229, 238, 282, 2S4, 350, 
238, 284, 350, 524. 
350. 
284, 350. 



368, 441. 
368, 441, 541. 
284, 350, 524, X. 



101, 182, 223, 
377, 524, X 
101, 223, 229, 
101, 284, 350. 
101, 229, 284, 
524. 

223, 229, 282, 
229. 
101. 

101, 229, 284. 
229. 
229. 
441. 

151, 219, 227, 
X. 

171, 223, 284, 
101. 

101, 229, 238, 
101, 2.38, 284. 



223, 229, 282, 350, 377, 524. 

101. 
441. 

284. 350. 
284, 350. 

273, 511. 

223. 

336. 

101, 227, 229, 238, 350. 

229. 

101^ 284, 350. 

377. 

101, 219, 223, 

229. 

229. 

101 i 223, 284, 

101, 229. 

229, 239, 284. 

284. 

X. 

229, 238, 350. 



336. 

350, 377, 462, 533. 



,350. 



325. 

229. 

229. 

131, 229, 284, 

491. 

491. 

491. 

491. 

117, 223, 284, 316, 350, 392, 487. 

223. 

223, 391. 

284, 350. 

355. 

223, 229, 282, 284, 350, 377, 524. 

101. 

229, 284, 350. 

101, 229, 238, 

524. 
101, 223, 229, 
229. 

345, 392, X. 
219, 284. 
219, 238, 284 
229. 

238, 282, 284 
229. 
269. 

284, 453. 
223, X. 
269. 
269. 
X. 
533. 
229. 



282, 284, 350, 377, 471, 
238, 282, 284, 350, 377. 

, 350, 533. 
, 350, 377. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 194 8 



63 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — ^Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



Anthracene, refined 

Anthraflavic acid f2,6-Dihydroxyanthraquinone) - - 

6-Anthra [1,9] isothiazole-3-carbonyl chloride 

Anthranilic acid (o-Aminobenzoic acid) 

Anthra [1,9] pyrazol-6(2)-one (Pyrazolanthrone) 

Anthraquinone, 100% 

N,N'-(l,5-Anthraquinone)dioxamic acid 

N,N'-l,5-Anthraquinonylenebis(l-nitro-2-a nthraquinone carbox- 
amide). 

• Anthraquinone-l,5-disulfonic acid . _ 

Anthraquinone-l ,8-disulfonic acid 

Ant hraquinone-1 ,8-disulfonic acid, potassium salt 

Anthraquinoiie-l,5(and l,8)-disulfonic acid and salt 

*Anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonic acid and salt 

•1-Anthraquinonesulfonic acid and salt 

2-Anthraquinonesulfonic acid and salt (Silver salt) 

3-(l- Anthraquinonylamino)-7-benz[de]anthracen-7-one 

l-(l-Anthraquinonyl)-l,2-hydrazLnedisulfonic acid 

* Anthrarufin (1,5-Dihydroxyanthraquinone) 

Arsanilic acid and salt 

Azobenzene 

Azobiphenyl-4,4'-dicarboxylic acid 

Azoxy benzene— 

Azoxy dianiline ( Azoxybisaniline) 

*Benzaldehyde, tech 

l-Benzamido-4-aminoanthraquinone 

4-Benzamido-6',5(N)-benzacridine-l,l'-dianthrimide- _ 

l-Benzamido-4-chloroanthraquinone - 

*l-Benzamido-5-chloroanthraquinone (l-Chloro-5-benzamidoanthra- 
quinone). 

l-Benzamido-5-chloro-4-methoxyanthraquinone 

2-[3-(4-Benzamido-2,5-diethoxyphenyl)-l-methyldiazoamino]ethane- 

sulfonic acid. 
2-[3-(4-Benzamido-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)- 1 -methyldiazoamino] 
ethanesulfonic acid. 

6-Benzamido-4-methoxy-3-(p-toluenesuIfonamido)toluene 

[3-(4-Benzamido-6-methoxy-m-tolyl)-l-methyldiazoamino]aceticacid. 

8-Benzamido-l-naphthol-3.5-disulfonic acid 

6-Benzamido-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid 

•7-Benz[de]anthracen-7-one (Benzanthrone) 



5-(3-Benzanthrony:amino)-3'-methyl-l,2'-dianthrimide- 

m-Benzenedisulfonic acid and .sodium salt 

Benzenesulfonic acid 

Benzenesulfonamide 

Benzenesulfonic acid and sodium salt 

Benzenesulfonyl chloride 

Benzidine base 

•Benzidine hydrochloride and sulfate 

Benzil. 



Benzohydrol (Diphenylmethanol) . 

•Benzoic acid, tech 

Benzoic anhydride 

Benzoin 



Benzonitrile 

Benzo(f) quinaldine 

2(3) -Benzoxazolone. 

*o-Benzoylbenzoic acid 

Benzoyl chloride 

Benzyl-4-chloro-2-nitrophenyl ether 

o-Benzyl-p-chlorophenol 

o,p-Benzyl-o-chlorophenol 

Benzyl disulfide 

*4-(N-Benzyl-N-ethylamino)-o-toluenesulfonic acid (Ethylbenzyl-m- 

toluidinesulfonic acid). 

N-Benzyl-N-ethyl-m-toluidine _ 

4-Benzylidineaminoantipyrine (Benzylidineaminopyrazolone) 

p,p'-Benzylidinebis(N,N-diethylaniline) (Tetraethyldiaminotriphen- 

ylmethane). 
p,p'-Benzylidinebis(N,N-dimethylaniline) (Tetramethyldiamino- 

triphenylmethanel . 

Benzylphenol, o- and p- 

p,p'-Biacetoacetanilide 

(3,3'-Bi-7-benz|de]anthracen)-7,7'-dione 

(4,4'-Bi-7-benz[de]anthracen)-7,7'-dione 

1 , 1'-Binaph thalene-8,8'-dicarboxylic acid 

Biphenyl. 

o-Biphenylamine (2- Aminobiphenyl) 



511,515. 

229. 

284. 

229, 284, 350, 487. 

229, 284, 350. 

223, 229, 284, 350. 

229. 

284. 

223, 229, 284, 386. 

229, 386. 

284. 

229, 350. 

223, 229, 284, 350. 

223, 229, 238, 284, 350, 504. 

229, 238, 284, 350. 

229, 284, 325. 

X. 

101, 223, 229, 282, 284, 350. 

336, 497. 

350. 

284. 

259, 350. 

229, 377. 

84, 151, 484. 

350. 

284. 

229, 284. 

223, 229, 284, 350. 

229. 
X. 



229. 
X. 

229. 

101, 229, 524. 

110. 223, 229, 238, 282, 284, 350, 386, 

504. 
284. 
284. 
219. 
390. 
387. 
390. 

284, 350. 

101, 223, 229, 259, 284, 350, 453. 
X. 
X. 

118, 219, 229, 325, 484, X. 
325. 

227, 336. 
492. 
284. 
X. 

223, 229, 238, 284, 350. 
325, 484. 
377. 
219. 
219. 

325, 453. 
229, 284, 350. 

284, 3.50. 

199. 

379. 

379. 

219. 

377. 

284. 

229, 284, 350, 504. 

229. 

219, 487. 

219. 



64 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



5,8-Bis(p-aminobenzamido)-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

l,4-Bis(l-anthraquinonylamino)anthraquinone 

3,9-Bis(l-anthraquinonylamino)-7-benz fde]anthraeen-7-one 

4,4'-Bis(diethylamino)benzophenone (Ethyl ketone base) 

•4,4'-Bis(dimethylamino)benzohydrol (Michler'shydrol) 

•4,4'- Bis(dimethylamino) benzophenone ( Michler's ketone) 

Bis(p-dimethylaminophenyl)methanc sulfonic acid and salt 

Bis(p-methoxyphenyl) phenylmethane 

5,S-Bis(p-nitrobenzamido)-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

m- Bromoacetylphenyl benzoate 

*3- Bromo-7-benz|de]anthracen-7-one (Bromobenzanthrone) 

l-(6'-Bromo- Bz-I'-benzanthronyl)aminoanthaquinone 

Bromobenzene, mono ", 

l-Bromo-4-(N-methylacetamido) anthraquinone 

4-Bromo-l-niethylaniinoanthraquinone 

2-Bromo-3-methylanthranuinone 

6-Bromo-3-methyl-7-dibenz|f,i,j]isoquinoline-2,7(3)-dione (4-Bromo- 
N-methyl-l,9-anthrapyridone). 

1 -Bromonaphthalene _ 

p-Bromophenol 

2-Bromo-4-phenylphenol 

2-Bromopyridine 

Bromoquinizarin 

sec-Butylbenzene 

Butyl-m-cresol 

3-tert- Butyl-p-cyraene 

6-tert-Butyl-2, 4-dimethylacetophenone 

N'-Butyl-4-me.thoxymetanilamide 

2-tert-Butyl-5-methylanisole _. 

p-tert- Bu tylphenol 

5-n- Butylsn!famyl-o-acetaniside 

5-tert-Butyl-m-xylene (1 .S-Dimethyl-S-tert-butylbenzene) 

Carbazole, refined 

o,o'-Carbonyldioxydibenzoic acid, diethyl ester (Ethyl salieyl car- 
bonate). 

•3-Carboxy-2(and 4)-hydroxybenzenediazonium sulfate (Diazosali- 
cylic acid) . 

Chelidamic acid 

Chelidonic acid 

Chloranil (Tetrachloroquinone) 

Chlorinated tar acids mixed 

p-Chloroacetanilide 

*o-Chloroacetoacetanilide 

•p-Chloroacetoacetanilide 

p-(Chloroacetyl)acetanilide 

Chloroacetylcatechol _ 

m-Chloroaniline 

o-Chloroaniline 

p-Chloroaniline -.. 

p-ChloroaniUne sulfate 

2-(Chloroan!lino) ethanol (3-Hydroxyethyl-o-chloroaniline) 

•4-Chloro-o-anisidine (NH2 = 1 ) (5-ChIoro-2-aminoanisole) 

3-Chloro-2-anthracenecarboxylic acid . _ 

•I-Chloroanthraquinone 

*2-Chloroanthraqutnone. 

l-Chloro-2-anthraquinonecarboxylie acid 

o-Chlorobenzaldehyde 

p-Chlorobenzaldehyde 

2-ChlorobenzaIdehyde-5-sulfonic acid 

Chloro-7-benz (de]anthracen-7-one (Chlorobenzanthrone) 

*Chloroben7.ene, mono 



p-C hlorobenzenesulfonic acid 

o-Chlorobenzoic acid 

p-Chlorobenzoic acid __ .._ 

2-Chlorobenzothiazole 

o-(m-Chlorobenzoyl) benzoic acid __ 

o-(p-Chlorobenzoyl) benzoic acid 

4-Chloro-m-cresol 

5-Chloro-2,4-dimethoxyaniline 

6-Chloro-l,3-dimethoxy-4-nitrobenzene _ _ _ 

•l-Chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (Dinitrochlorobenzene) 

2-Chloro-3,5-dinitrobenzenesulfonethyIamide 

2-Chluro-3,5-dinitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

2-Chloro-3,5-din itrobenzenesulfonyl chloride _ 

6-Chloro-2,4-dinitrophenol 

4-Chloro-5-ethoxymethyl-2-methylpyrimidine 

2-Chloro-N-ethyl-5-nitrobenzenesulfonanilide 



229. 

229i 350, 504. 

229, 284. 

284, 379, 533. 

229, 284, 379. 

229, 284, 379, 533. 

350. 

229. 

X. 

5.33. 

229, 238, 284, 350, 386. 

284, 386. 

487. 

229. 

229, 386. 

284. 

229. 

441, 453. 

487. 

487. 

227. 

238. 

113. 

113. 

392. 

392. 

229. 

392. 

446, 487. 

229. 

392. 

284, 511. 

487. 

229, 284, 350 

199, 336. 

336. 

316. 

387. 

229. 

231, 355. 

284. 

229. 

199^ 431. 

219, 229, 2.38, 533. 

219, 368. 

219. 

284. 

395. 

223, 284, 325, 368. 

229. 

223. 229, 238, 284, 350, 386, 504. 

223. 229, 350. 

284, 350. 

284, 350, 484. 

484. 

533. 

223, 350. 

113. 126, 219, 229, 232, 284, 325, 358. 

397, 483, 484, 487. 
229. 524. 
350, 484. 
484. 
441. 

223, 284. 
229, 350, 386. 
387. 
229. 
229. 

219, 223, 229, 238, 284, 350. 
395. 

229, 395. 
395. 
229. 
336. 
229, 350. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 194 8 



65 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



5-Chloro-2-formylbenzenesuironic acid 

Chlorohexafluoroxylene- -_ 

4-C hloro-3-hydrazinobenzenesulfonie acid 

5-Chloro-8-hydroxyquinoline 

4-Chlorometanilic acid 

5-Chlorometanilic acid 

2-Chloro-4-(methoxymethyl)-6-methyl-S-nitronicotinitrile 

[3-(5-Chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)-l-methyldiazoamino]acetic acid 

*l-Chloro-2-methylanthraquinone 

5-Chloro-2-methylbenzimidazole 

Chloronaphthalenes 

8-Chloro-l-naphthol-3.6-disulfonicacid (Chloro H acid) 

4-Chloro-2-nitroacetanilide 

•2-Chloro-4-nitroaniline (o-Chloro-p-nitroaniline) 

♦4-Chloro-2-nitroaniline ( p-Chloro-o-nitroaniline) 

l-Chloro-5-nitroanthraquinone 

l-Chloro-8-nitroanthraquinone 

l-Chloro-5(and 8)-nitroanthraquinone 

Chloro-m-nitrobenzene 

Chloro-o-nitrobenzene 

Chloro-p-nitrobenzene 

Chloronitrobenzene, o- and p- 

Chloronitrobenzene, mixed 

4-C hloro-3-nitrobenzene sulfonamide _- 

2-C hloro-4-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

2-Chloro-5-mtrobenzenesulfonicacid 

4-C hloro-2-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

2-Chloro-4-nitrobenzoic acid 

2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzoic acid ._ 

o-(4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzoyl) benzoic acid 

Chloronitrodiphenyl ether. '--- 

4-Chloro-2-nitrophenol 

4-C hloro-2-nitro- l-phenol-6-sulfonic acid 

2-C hloro-4-nitrot oluene 

*4-Chloro-2-nitrotoluene (o-Nitro-p-chlorotoluene) 

5-C hloro-4-nitro-p-toluenesulfono-o-toluide 

6-Chloro-2-nitrotoluene 

o-Chlorophenol - 

p-Chlorophenol 

4-Chloro-o-phenylenediamine_ 

2-Chloro-p-phenylenediamine sulfate 

2-Chloro-6-phenylphenol, sodium salt 

2-Chloropyridine --- 

2-[l-(m-Chlorophenyl) triazeno]-4-sulfobenzoic acid 

2-Chloroquinizariu 

2-Chloro-5-sulfobenzoic acid 

1- (6-Chloro-3-sulfophenyl)-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone 

•a-Chlorotoluene ( Benzyl chloride) -- 

m-Chlorotoluene 

o-Chlorotoluene 

p-C hlorotoluene 

5-C hlorotoluene-2,4-diamine 

5-Chloro-o-toluenesulfonic acid and salt 

3-Chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid and salt 

5-C hloro-p-toluene-sulfono-o-toluide 

3-Chloro-o-toluidine 

3-C hloro-p-toluidine 

•4-Chloro-o-toluidine (2-Amino-4-chlorotoluene) (Red KB base) 

4-Chloro-o-toluidine hydrochloride 

•5-Chloro-o-toluidine (2-Amino-5-chlorotoIuene) (Fast red TR base) 

•4-Chloro-o-tolylmercaptoacetic acid (Chlorotolylthioglycolic acid). 

C hlorotolylmercaptoacetic acid 

1- (5-C hloro-o-tolyl) -3-methyl-3-triazenoacetic acid 

4-Chloro-a,a,a-trifluoro-3-nitrotoluene 

p-Chloro-a,a,oi-trifluorotoluene 

4-Chloro-2,5-xylenesulfonyl chloride -- 

4-Chloro-3,5-xylenol 

4-Chloro-2,5-xylidine 

4-Chloro-2,5-xylylmercaptoacetic acid 

Chrysazin (1,8-bihydroxyanthraquinone) 

Cinnamoyl chloride - 

*Cresols: 

*m-Cresol 

•o-Cresol 

*o-Cresol from petroleum - 

*p-Cresol. --- --- 



284, 350. 
473. 



284, 487 
368, 487 



284, 533. 
350. 



533. 
284, 524. 



350. 



284, 350. 



229. 

325. 

229. 

101. 

229. 

284, 350. 

336. 

X. 

223, 229, 

X. 

325, 446, 

229, 350. 

229. 

223, 239, 

284, 350, 

284, 350. 

284. 

350. 

219, 229, 

219, 284. 

219, 284, 

350. 

223. 

395. 

101, 350, 

229, 282, 

101. 

229, 238, 

395. 

229, 238. 

101. 

229. 

377. 

101, 368. 

101. 

284, 533. 

229, 238, 

377. 

284. 

219, 487. 

219, 487. 

227. 

227. 

487. 

227, 273. 

229. 

350, 386. 

229, 377. 

229, 284. 

151, 219, 

229, 325. 

284, 350, 

484. 

377. 

229. 

219, 284, 

377. 

229, 284, 

284. 

223, 229, 

284. 

238, 350, 

229, 284, 

465. 

229. 

X. 

325. 

229. 

387. 

284. 

229, 350. 

229, 284. 

345. 



113, 387, 511. 

223, 387, 511, 515. 

511. 

387, 462, 484, 511. 



325, 484. 
484. 

462. 

350. 

238, 284, 350. 

504. 
350. 



66 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States 
production or sales weie reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Chemical 



Cresols — Continued 

•Cresol, meta, para 

•Cresol from petroleum 

•Cresol, ortho, meta, para 

2,3-Cresotic acid 

•Cresylic acid, refined 

N-C yanomethyl-o-phenylenediamine 

8-Cy ano-1-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

Cyclohexane 

Cyclohexanol _. 

Cyclohexanone 

Cyclohexanone oxime 

Cy clohexene 

Cyclohexylacetic acid __. 

Cyclohexylamine . 

Cymene 

p-Cymenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Decylbenzene 

Diacetoacet-o-tolidide 

l,S(and l,8)-Diacetoamidoanthraquinone (Acetyldiaminoanthraqui- 
none) . 

l,5(and 1,8) -Diacetoam ido-4,8(and 4,5)anthraquinone _ . . 

l,4-Diamino-9, 10-anthradiol 

*l,4-Diaminoanthraquinone 

*l,5-Diaminoanthraquinone 

•2,6-Diaminoanthraquinone 

l,5(and l,8)-Diaminoanthraquinone 

1,4 Diaminoanthraquiuone-2-sulfonic acid 

4,4'-Diaminobenzanilide 

•2,4-Diaminobenzenesulfonic acid (m-Phenylenediamine sulfonic 
acid). 

2,5-Diaminobenzenesulfonic acid 

4,4'-D iam ino-2,2'-biphenyldisulfonic acid . _ 

•4,4'-Diamino-3,3'-biphenyldisulfonic acid (Benzidinedisulfonic acid) 

4,4-Diamino-3-biphenylsulfonic acid 

2,2'-Diamino-5,5'-bi-m-toluenesulfonic acid (4,4'-Diamino-3,3'-di- 
methyl-5,5'-bisbenzenesulfonic acid) . 

Diani inodibenzoy lurea 

3,fi-Diamino-2,7-dimethy lacridan 

N,4'-Diamino-5,5'-dimetnyl-2,2'-biphenyldisulfonic acid 

•4,4'-Diaminodiphenylamine-2-sulfonic acid _ 

4,4'-Diaminodiphenyl sulfone 

6-Diamino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (Amino J acid) 

1, 4-Diamino-5-nitroanthraquiuone 

•N,N'-Di(m-aminophenyl)oxamide (Oxalyl-m-plienylenediamine) _ _ 

N,N'Di(p-aminopl:enyl)oxamide (Oxalyl-p-phenylenediamine) 

2,6-DiamLnopyridine 

•4,4'-Diam ino-2,2'-stilbenedisulfonic acid 

2.4-Diamino-m-toluenesulfonic acid 

4,P-Diamino-m-tolnenesulfonic acid __ 

3,5-Diamino-p-toluenesulfonic acid ._. 

Diamyl phenol 

2,4-Di-sec-amylphenol 

2,4-Di-tert-amy Iphenol 

l,5-Dianilinoanthraquinone-o,o'-dicarboxylic acid 

2,4-Dianilino-l-hydroxyanthraquinone 

3,4-Di(p-anisy 1) hexane 

1,5-Dibenzamidoanthraquinone 

•l,5'-Dibenzamido-l,l'-iminodianthraquinone (l-(4-Benzamido-l- 
anthraqu inonylim ino) -5-benzamidoanthraquinone) . 

5-5'-Dibenzam ido-1 , 1 '-iminodiant hraquinone 

5,5'-Dibenzamido-l , l',5,l'-trianthrimide 

Dibenzofuran 

1,5-Dibenzoylnaphthalene 

Dibenzyl ketone 

N,N-Dibenzylsulfanilic acid and sodium salt 

3,9-Dibromo-7-benz[delanthracen-7-one 

p-Dibromobenzene 

7,16-Dibromoindanthrenc (1,2-1,2-Hydrazinedibromoanthraquinone) 
2,6-Dibromo-l,5-naphthalenediol (2,6-Dibromo-l,5-dihydroxynaph- 
thalene). 

Dibromopyranthrone 

4, 6-Di-tert-butyl-m -cresol 

2,6-Di-tert-buty 1-p-cresol ._ _ 

*2,5-Dichloroaniline and hydrochloride (1,4-Dichloroaniline) 

*l,5-Dichloroanthraquinone-- 

1 ,8-Dichloroanthraquinone 

l,5(and l,8)-Dichloroanthraquinone 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



223, 387, 462, 511, 512, 515. 

511. 

223, 326, 387, 511, 512, 515. 

487. 

97, 223, 235, 333, 387, 486, 495, 511 

512, 515. 
336. 
229. 

284i 315, 387, 388, 487, 495. 
284, 325, 487. 
284. 
284. 
487. 
487. 
219. 
194. 
390. 
219. 
259. 
395. 

395. 

386. 

229, 350, 386. 

101, 229, 284, 350. 

223, 229, 284, 350. 

386, 395. 

284. 

229. 

101, 229, 284, 350. 

101, 229, 282. 

229. 

101, 223, 229, 238, 377. 

101. 

238, 350, 377. 

377. 

229. 

524. 

101, 

350, 

377. 

229. 

282, 

284, 

273 

229, 

238, 

284. 

229, 350. 

113. 

491. 

491. 

229, 284. 

386. 

314. 

229. 

223, 229, 284, 350. 

284. 

284. 

511. 

229, 386. 

235. 

229, 377. 

229. 

487. 

284. 

X. 

284. 

113, 453. 

113, 345. 

101, 219, 284, 325, 350, 

229, 284, 386. 

284, 386. 

350. 



229, 238, 282, 350, 377, 471. 
497. 



284, 350, 377. 
377, 524. 



284, 350. 
,350. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



67 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



2, 6-Dichlorobenzaldehyde 

•o-Diehlorobenzene 

*p-Dichlorobcnzene 

*oCand p)-Dichlorobenzene --- 

'3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine and sulfate (o,o'-Dichlorobenzidine) 

1 ,8-Dichloro-4,5-dinitroanthraquinone 

2,5-Dichloro-4-hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid 

Dichloronaphthalene. 

2,6-Dichloro-4-nitroaniline 

* 1 ,4-Dichloro-2-nitrobenzene (Nitro-p-dichlorobenzene) 

2,4-DichlorophenoI 

2|3-(2,5-Dichlorophenyl)-l-ethyldiazoamino]-5-sulfobenzoic acid 

2,5-Dichlorophenylhydrazine --. 

l-(2,5-Dichlorophenyl)-5-pyrazolone-3-carboxylic acid (Dichloro 

phenylpyrazolonecarboxylicacid). 
o-(3,5-Dichlorosalicyloyl) benzoic acid (Dichlorohydroxybenzoyiben 
zoic acid). 

• l-(2,5-Dichloro-4-sulfophenyl) -3-methyl-5-pyrazolone 

*2,5-Dichlorosulfanilic acid (2,5-Dichloroaniline-4-sulfonic acid) 

a,a-Dichlorotoluene (Benzal chiloride) 

2,4-Dichlorotoluene 

2,6-Dichlorotoluene 

Dicylohexylamine 

2,5-Diethoxyaniline 

2',5'-Diethoxybenzanilide 

p-Diethoxybenzene 

2,5-Diethoxycarbannide 

2',5'-Diethoxy-4'-nitrobenzanOide 

l,4-Diethoxy-2-nitrobenzene 

Diethylaminobenzaldehyde 

N-Diethylaminoisopentyl-8-amino-fv-methoxyquinoline base (Plas- 
mochin base). 

N,N-Diethyl-3-aminophenol 

N,N-Diethylaniline 

Diethylbenzene 

N,N-Diethylmetanilic acid 

N',N'-Diethyl-4-methoxyraetanilamide 

N,N-Diethyl-p-nitrosoaniline 

N,N-DiethyI-p-phenylenediamine 

Diethylstilbestrol dimethyl ether 

5-Diethylsulfamyl-o-acetaniside 

N5,N5-DiethyI-2,5-toluenediamine 

N',N5-Diethyl-2,5-toluenediamine hydrochloride 

N,N-Diethyl-m-toluidine 

N,X'-Diformyl-2,5-toluenediamine 

1 ,2-Dihydro-4-(methoxymethyl)-6-methyl-2-oxonicotinitrile 

l,2-Dihydro-4-(methoxymethyl)-6-methyl-5-nitro-2-o.xonicotinitrile.. 

4-(4,5-Dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-l-pyrazol)m-toluenesulfonic acid 

3-(4,5-Dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxy-l-pyrazolyl)-.')-nitro-p-toluenesulfonic 
acid. 

N,N-Di(i3-hydroxyethyl)-m-toIuidine 

*4,5-Dihydroxy-2,7-naphthilenedisulfonic acid (Chromotropie acid)- 

*4,5-Dihydroxy-l-naphthfilenesulfonic acid (Dioxy S acid) 

4,fi-Dihydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

0,7-D ihydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

3,5-Dihyrtroxy-2-naphthoic acid 

2.4-D ih ydroxyquinoline 

*16,17-Dihydroxyviolanthrone (Dihydroxydibenzanthrone) 

Di-isobutyl-o-cresol 

2,5-Dimethoxyaniline 

p-Dimethoxybenzene 

*3,3'-Dimethoxybenzidine 

2,2'-[3,3'-(3,3'-Dimethoxy-4,4'-biphonylene)bis(l-methyl-diazoamino)]- 
di(ethanesulfonic acid). 

3,4-Dimethoxy mandelonitrile benzoate 

2,5-Dimethoxy-4-nitroamline 

1 ,4-Dimethoxy-2-nitrobenzene 

3,4-Dimethoxy phenethylamine homoveratrate 

N-(3,4-Dimethoxyphenylacetyl)-3,4-dimetho.xyphenethylamine 

4-(p-Dimethylaminoanilino)-i-naphthol 

1 ,4-Dimethylamino-9, 10-anthradiol 

p- Dimethylaminobenzaldehyde 

Dimethyl 5-aminoisophthalate 

N-(p-Dimethylaminophenyl)-l,4-naphthoquinoneimine 

*N,N-Dimethylaniline 

*2,2'-Dimethyl-l,l'-bianthraquinone (Dimethyldianthraquinonyl).. 
Dimethyl-l,3-cycIohexanedione (Dimethyldihydroresorcinol) 



350. 

19, 126, 284, 289, 325, 358, 483, 484, 487. 

19, 126, 219, 284, 289, 325, 3,58, 483, 

484, 487. 
219, 232, 397. 

229, 259, 284, 462, 465, 533. 
284. 

101, 229. 
325. 
395, X. 

101, 219, 325, 350, 368. 
219, 487. 
X. 
377. 
377. 

350, 386. 

101, 229, 282, 284, 377, 524. 

229, 284, 350, 377, 524. 

325, 484. 

484. 

284, 350. 

219. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

284. 

229. 

229. 

229, 350. 

199. 

229, 284. 

223, 284, 350, 533. 

113, 487. 

229, 284. 

229. 

229. 

227, 229, 350. 

269. 

229. 

X. 

X. 

284. 

350. 

336. 

336. 

X. 

229. 

395. 

101, 238, 284, 3.50. 

101, 229, 238, 284, 350. 

229. 

227, 229, 350. 

229. 

284. 

229] 284, 350, 386, 504. 

458. 

229, 284. 

229, 284. 

101, 259, 284. 

X. 

336. 

229. 

229. 

336. 

336. 

284. 

284. 

350. 

229. 

284i 350. 

223, 284, 350, 379, 533. 

223, 229, 284, 350. 

395. 



68 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Chemical 



N,N-DimethylcycIohexylamine 

2',7'-Dimethylfluoran 

2,7-Dimethyl-X-glvceryltetrahydroquinoline 

2,8-Dimethyl-13/9-hydroxy-9(13/3)-ceroxenone 

N , N'-Dimethyl-N- (p-methoxybenzyl) pyridylethylenediamine 

N,N-DiinethyM-naphthylamme-- 

Dimethylnaphthalene 

•N, N-Dimethyl-p-nitrosoaniline (p-Nitrosodimethylaniline) 

N,N-Dimethyl-3-nitro-p-toluenesulfonamide 

N,N-Dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine and salts 

2-[3-(5-Dimethylsulfamyl-o-tolyl)-l-methyldiazoammo]-5-sulfobenzo- 
ic acid. 

N,N-Dimethylsulfanilic acid -^ _. 

2,7-Dimetliyltetrahydrocjuinoline 

1 , l'-Dinaphthyl-8,8'-dicarboxylic acid 

2,4-Dinitroaniline 

Dinitrodibenzyl-o-disulfonic acid salt 

•p-(2,4-Dinitroanilino) phenol (Dinitrohydroxydiphenylamine) 

2.4- Dinitroanisole 

l,5(and l,8)-Dinitroanthraquinone 

1,5-Dinitroanthraquinone 

4,8-Dinitroanthrarufin (l,5-Dihydroxy-4,8-dinitroanthraqiiinone) 

4,4'-Dinitrobenzanilide 

m-I)initrobenzene 

2,4-Dinitrobonzenesulfonic acid 

3,5-Dinitrobenzoic acid 

3.5- Dinitrobenzoyl chloride 

Dinitrodianthramid 

Dinitro(3,3'-bi-7-benz[de]anthracen)-7,7'-dione (Dinltrodibenzanthro- 

nyl). 

4,5-Dinitrochrysazin-2,7-disu]fonic acid, disodium salt _-. 

2,4-Dinitrophenol, tech 

N,N'-Di(p-nitrophenyl)oxamide (Oxalyl-p-nitroaniline) 

*4,4'-Dinitro-2,2'-stilbenedisulfonic acid 

2,4-Dini trotoluene 

Dinitrotoluone , isomers mixed 

Dipentene ( Limonene) 

1 ,5-Diphenoxyanthraquinone 

Diphenylacetic acid 

D iphenylacetonitrile 

Diphenylamine 

2,9-Diphenyl-6,]3-dichlorotriphendioxazine 

*8-Diphenylamino-l,6-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Diphenyl epsilon 
acid). 

6,8-D iphenylamino-1 -naphthalenesulfooic acid 

1,5-Diphenylcarbohydrazide 

Diphenylolpropane 

Diphenyl silicon dichloride 

1 ,3-Diphenyltriazine (Diazoamlnobenzene) 

D isulfourea 

* 1 ,4- D i (p-toluid ino) ant hra quinone (1 ,4-D i-p-tolninoanthraquinone) _ . 

1 ,5-Di(p-toluidino) anthraquinone 

Divinylbenzene 

Dodecylbenzene 

6-E thoxy-3-hydroxythianaphthene 

5-Ethoxymethyl-4-hydroxy-2-methylpjTimldlne 

2-Ethoxy naphthalene 

6-E thoxy-2-napht halenesulfonic acid. 

2-Ethoxy-l-naphthylamine 

2-Ethoxy-l -nitronaphthalene 

6-E thoxy-.5-n itro-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

4-E thoxy-m-phenylenediamine 

3-Ethylamino-p-creso! 

3-Ethylamino-p-toluenesulfonicacid (N-Ethyl-o-toluidine-p-sulfonic 

acid) . 
N-Ethylaniline: 

Crude 

•Refined 

2-(N-Ethylanilino)ethanol (Hydroxyethylethylaniline) 

•a-(N-Ethylanilino)-p-toluenesulfonicacid (Ethylsulfobenzylaniline) 
Ethylanisidine 

•Ethylbenzene 

Ethyl benzoylacetate 

N-Ethyl-N-hydroxyethyl-p-diazoaniline 

2-[l-Ethyl-3-(2-methoxy-5-nitrophenyl)diazoamino]-5-sulfobenzoic 
acid. 

N-E thyl-1-naphthylamine 

N-Ethyl-N-(p-nitrosophenyl)benzylamine 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



395. 

489. 

X. 

441. 

511. 

227, 229, 350, 379. 

229. 

227. 350, X. 

X. 

229. 

395. 

284. 

219, 223. 

284. 

101, 229, 350. 

368, X. 

282, 386. 

395. 

284. 

229. 

284^ 350. 

101, 229. 

227, 284, 441. 

227, 441. 

238. 

284. 

284. 

229, 284. 

284, 524. 

101, 229, 282, 284, 350. 

284, 350. 

350. 

194. 

284. 

151. 

199, 269. 

284, 350, 487. 

284. 

101,229,284. 

350. 

441. 

458. 

40. 

284. 

377. 

284. 350, 380. 

.386. 

113,487. 

219. 

284. 

336. 

229, 284, 3.50. 

377. 

284. 

229, 284. 

377. 

524. 

284. 

284. 



223. 

223, 284, 350. 

229, 395. 

101, 131, 223, 229, 284, 350, 533. 

395 

106', 113, 487. 

229. 

227. 



379, 533. 
X. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



69 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' ideotification 

numbers (accordins; to list 

in table 26) 



m-Ethylphenol 

*p-Ethylphenol 

1-Ethylpiperidine 

•N-Ethyl-N-phenylbenzylamine (N,N-Ethylbenzylaniline) 

•Ethylphenylmalonic acid (Phenylethylmalonicacid), diethyl ester.. 

N-Ethyl-5-sulfoanthranilicacid 

N-Ethyl-m-toluidine _. 

N-E thyl-o-toluidine_ 

a-Fluorene 

a-Fluorenone 

Formanilide 

4-Formyl-m-benzenedisulfonic acid 

*o-Formylbenzenesulfonic acid (o-Sulfobenzaldehyde) (Benzalde- 
hydemonosulfonic acid) . 

Furan 

Furfuryl alcohol 

Hexachlorobenzene 

Hexaehlorocyclopentadiene 

Hexachlorodiphenyl oxide 

Hexachloro-p-xylene 

Homo veratric acid 

Homoveratrylamine (3,4-Dimethoxyphenethylamine) 

*p-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid (Phenylhydrazine-iJ-sulfonic acid) 

3-Hydrazino-5-nitro-p-toluenesuIfonic acid 

4-Hydrazino-m-toluenesulfonic acid 

Hydrazobenzene 

Hydroquinone, tech 

o-Hydroxyacetanilide 

m-Hydroxyacetophenone 

p-Hydroxyacetophenone 

l-Hydroxy-4-aminoanthraquinone _. 

3-Hydroxy-2-anthracenecarboxylic acid 

1 -Hydroxyanthraquinone 

N-(3-Hydroxy-2-anthraquinonyl) -1-nitro -2 -anthraquinoneear box- 
amide. 

2-Hydroxy-l l-benzo-a-carbazole-3-carboxylic acid 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid 

2-Hydroxycarbazole 

2-Hydroxy-3-carbazolecarboxylic acid 

2-Hydroxy-3 ,6,8-carbazoletrisulfonic acid 

0-Hydroxyethyl-4-methyl-5-thiazole 

4-Hydroxy-l-methylcarbostyril 

2-Hydroxy-l-naphthoic acid 

l-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid 

*3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid 

l-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid , ethyl carbonate 

l-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid, methyl ester 

l-Hydroxy-2-naphthoyl chloride 

l-Hydroxy-2-naphthoyl chloride, ethyl carbonate 

^-(2-Hydroxynaphthyl)-3-thianaphthenol (/3-Naphtholthioindoxyl).. 

4-Hydroxy-3-nitro-l -phenylarsonic acid 

1-Hydroxy-N -octadecyl-2-naphthamide 

2-Hydroxyphenetole 

p-Hydroxyphenylarsonic acid 

N-(p-Hydroxyphenyl) -2-naphthylamine 

I-Hydroxy-l-phenyi-2-propanone (1-Phenylacetyl carbinol) 

N-(^-Hydroxypropyl)-o-toluidine 

8-Hydroxy quinoline 

3-Hydroxy-5-sulfo-2-naphthoic acid 

p-(8-Hydroxy-6-sulfo-2-naphrhylamino)benzoic acid 

l-Hydroxy-4-(p-toluido)anthraquinone 

*l,r-Iminobis(4-benzamidoanthraquinone) (4,4'-Dibenzoyldiaroino- 
l,l'-dianthrimide). 

*6,6'-Iminobis(l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid) (I or J acid imide) (Rhodu- 
lineacid). 

*l,l'-Iminodi-4-aminoanthraquinone (4,4'-Diamino-l,r-dianthrim- 
ide). 

*l,r-Iminodianthraquinone (Dianthrimide) 

l,r-Iminodi-4-nitroanthraquinone 

Isatin 

p-Isobutylaminophenol 

Isophorone 

p.p'-Isopropylidenediphenol (p,p'-Dlhydroxydiphenyldimethyl- 

methane). 
1,3-Isoqulnolinediol 

*Isoviolanthrone (Isodibenzanthrone) 

Kerylbenzene 

Lepidine 



511. 

325,392,511. 

336. 

101,229, 284,350, 533. 

151, 199, 270, 336, 497. 

229. 

284, 350. 

284, 350. 

511, 515. 

511. 

284. 

229. 

229, 284, 533. 

284. 

170, 325. 

325. 

325. 

487. 

325. 

336, 345. 

336, 345. 

131, 169,229,377, 524. 

229. 

X. 

350. 

153, 284, 368, 395. 

533. 

487. 

487. 

229, 350, 465. 

229. 

350. 

229. 

229. 

484. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

336. 

229. 

395. 

229, 350, 395. 

229, 259, 281, 284,350, 462. 

229. 

229. 

X. 

X. 

101. 

336, 497. 

229. 

219. 

441, 497. 

229. 

336. 

395. 

151,219. 

229. 

229. 

386. 

223, 229, 284, 504. 

101, 223, 229, 238, 282, 284, 350, 37 

524. 
223, 229, 284, 350, 386. 

229, 284, 350, 386, 504. 

284, 386. 

.350. 

284. 

355. 

387, 487. 

284. 

229, 284, 386. 

390. 

511. 



70 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 7B.^ — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States 
production or sales were reponed, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



* Leuco-1 ,4-diaminoanthraquinone 

*Leuco quinizarin (1,4,9,10-Anthratetrol) - 

Leuco tetrahydroxyanthraquinone 

2,4-Lutidine 

2,6-Lutidine 

Melamine 

o-Mercaptobenzoic acid (Thiosalicylic acid) 

Mesitylene 

Metanilamide 

•Metanilic acid ._ 

2-(o-Methoxyanilino)-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid. 

1-Methoxyanthraquinone 

2(p-Methoxybenzy lamino) pyrimidine. __ 

2- (4-Methoxybenzy lamino) pyridine 

2-[3-(6-Methoxy-4-nitro-m-tolyl)-l-methyldiazoamino]-5-suifobenzo- 

Ic acid. 

5-Methoxy-m-phenylenediamine (m-Diaminoanisole) 

6-Methoxy-m-toluidine (2-Amino-p-cresyl methyl ether) 

l-Methylaminoanthraquinone 

l-Methylamino-4- (p-toluidino) anthraquinone 

N-Methylaniline 

2-(N-Methy lanilino)ethanol 

5-Methyl-o-anisidine (Cresidinc) 

m-Methy!anisole (m-Cresyl methyl ether) 

N-Methy lanthranilic acid 

2-Methylanthraquinone 

2-Methyl-7-benz[de]anthracen-7-one (2-Methylbenzanthrone) 

Methylbenzoxazole _ 

3, 3'-Methylenebis[l-(aminopheDyl-2 phenyl ether)-3-triazenemethyi- 

acetic acid]. 

3,3'-Methylenebis[l-(o-anisyl)-3-triazenemethylacetic acid] 

3,3'-Methylenebis[l-(5-chloro-o-anisyl)-3-triazeneacetic acid] 

3,3'-Methylenebis[l-(5-chloro-o-anisyl)-3-triazenemethylacetic acid].. 

3,3'-Methylenebis[l-(5-chloro-o-toIyl)-3-triazeneacetic acid] 

3,3'-Methylenebis(l-(4-chloro-o-tolyl)-3-triazenemethylacetic acid]... 
3,3'-Methylenebis[l-(5-chloro-o-tolyl)-3-triazenemethylacetic acid].._ 
p,p'-Methylenebis(N,N-diethylaniline) (Tetraethyldiamlnodiphen- 

ylmethane) (Methane base). 
p,p'-Methylenebis(N,N-dimethylaniline) (Tetramethyldiaminodi- 

phenylmethane). 
p,p'-Methylenebis(N,N^-dimethyl-2-nitroaniline) (Dinitrotetrameth- 

yldiaminodiphenylmethane) . 
4,4'-Methylenebis(3-hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid), sodium salt (Meth- 
ane salt). 

N,N'-Methylenebis(4-methylaminoantipyrine) 

5,5'-Methylenebis-2,4-toluenediamine (Tetra-aminodltolylmethane).. 

N-Methy Iformanilide 

p,p',p"-Methylidynetrianiline 

1-Methylnaphthalene _ 

Methylnaph thalene, crude 

1-Methylnipecotic acid, methyl ester 

N-Methyl-p-nitroacetanilide 

N-Methyl-p-nitroaniline 

4-Methyl-o-nitroanisole 

N-(5-Methyl-4-nitro-o-anisyl)-p-toluenesulfonamide 

•2-Methyl-l-nitroanthraquinone (l-Nitro-2-methylanthraquinone) . . 

2-Methyl-5-nitrodiphenylamine _ _ 

N-Methyl-3-nitro-N-octadecylsulfanilic acid. 

2-(N-Methyl-p-nitrosoaniliao)ethanol. 

2-[l-Methyl-3-(4-nitro-o-tolyl)diazoamino]-5-sulfobenzole acid.. 

l-Methyl-4-o.xonipecotic acid methyl ester hydrochloride 

l-Methyll-phenylhydrazine 

•3-Methyl-l-phenyl-5-pyrazolone (Developer Z) 

Methylpropylcarblnylbarbituric acid 

7-Methy Iquinoline 

a- Methy Istyrene 

3-Methyl- 1-p-sulf amylphenyl-5-pyrazolone 

N-Methyl-5-sulfoanthranilic acid 

p-Methylsultonylbenzoic acid 

3-Methyl-l-(m-sulfophenyl)-5-pyrazolone 

•3-Methyl-l-(p-sulfophenyl)-5-pyrazolone (Sulfophenylmethylpyraz- 

olone). 

Methylsulfophenylpyrazolone, mixed.. 

5'-Methyl-p-toluene.sulfon-o-aniside 

(1- Methyl-p-tolyldiazoamino) acetic acid 

4-Methylumbelliferone 



284, 38fi, 395. 

101, 284, 3.50, 386, 395, 524. 

229, 386. 

515. 

511, 515. 

219, 223. 

269. 

441. 

X. 

101, 223, 229, 282, 284, 350. 

229. 

229. 

273. 

X. 

X. 

368, X. 

101. 

229, 386. 

284, 386. 

101. 

X. 

284. 

392. 

229, 238. 

223, 350. 

350. 

227,441. 

377. 

377. 
377. 
377. 
377. 
377. 
377. 
223. 

229, 284, 3.50. 

229, 284. 

199. 

199. 

350. 

497. 

X. 

511. 

511. 515. 

.336. 

229. 

229. 

284. 

229. 

229, 350, 386. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

X. 

336. 

441. 

101, 

269. 

395. 

113, 

284. 

229. 

284. 

229. 

101, 223, 229, 282, 284, 377, 524 

101. 
229. 
X. 
113. 



199, 229, 238, 282, 284, 377, 487. 

487. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



71 



Table 7B.- — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



Naphthalene, solidifying 79° C, or above (refined, flake): 

•From American crude naphthalene 

From imported crude naphthalene... 

•1,5-Naphthalenediol (1,5-Dihydroxynaphthalene) 

•1 ,5-Napht halonedisulfonic acid ; 

1,6-Naphthalenedisulfonic acid- 

2,7-Naph thalenedisulfouic acid 

•2-Naphthalenemercaptoacetic acid 03-Naphthylthioglycolic acid).. 

1-Naphthalenesulfonic acid 

2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid 

2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt-.. 

Naphthalenesulfonic acids (1- and 2-), sodium salt 

1,3,6-Naphthalenetrisulfonic acid 

Naphthalic anhydride 

Naiihthaliniide 

3-Naphth[l,2| imidazole-8-sulfonic acid. 

p-Naphthionic acid (4-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonlc acid) 

•p-Naphthionic acid (4-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid), sodium 
salt. 

•1-Naphthol (a-Naphthol) 

2-Naphthol. tech. (/S-Naphthol) 

l-Naphthol-3,6-disulfonicacid 

l-Naphthol-3,6-disu]fonic acid, monosodium salt 

l-Naphthol-4,8-disulfonic acid 

•2-N'apht hol-3 ,6-disulfonic acid (R acid) 

2-N'aphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid, disodium salt 

*2-N'aphthol-6,8-disulfonic acid (O acid salt) 

1 -N aphthol-3,8-disulfonic acid sultone 

1 -Xaphthol-8-sulf amide _. 

l-Naphthol-4-sulfonic acid (Neville and Winther's acid) 

*l-Naphthol-5-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthol-8-sulfonic acid 

♦2-Naphthol-6-sulfonic acid (Schaeffer's acid) 

2-Naphthol-6-sulfonic acid, sodium salt 

2-Naphthol-7-sulfonic acid 

2-Naphthol-8-salfonic acid 

l-Naphthol-3,6,8-trisuJfonicacid-l,8-sultone(l,8-Naphthosultone-3,6- 

disulfonic acid) . 
1 ,8-Naphthosultone 

*5-Naphth[l,2]o.\adiazolesulfonic acid (l,r-Azobis(2-naphthol-4-sul- 
fonic acid)). 

•1-Naphthylamine (a-Naphthylamine) 

2-Naphthylamine (|8-Naphthylamine) 

1-Naphthylamine sulfonic acid ..- 

l-(l-Naphthylamino)-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid 

1 -(2-N apht hylamino) -2-anthraquinonecar boxylic acid 

1-Naphthyl isocyanate 

2-Naphthyl isocyanate 

Nicotinonitrile 

m-Nitroacetanilide 

*p-Nitroacetanilide 

2-Nitro-p-acetaniside 

4-Nitro-o-acetaniside 

m-Nitroacetophenone 

*m-Nitroani]ine 

o-Nitroaniliue 

p-Nitroaniline 

*2-Nitro-p-anisidine (3-N itro-4-aminoanisole) 

3-Nitro-o-anisidine 

*4-Nitro-o-anisidine (5-Nitro-2-amiQoanisole) 

*5-Nitro-o-anisidine (NH2=1) (4-Nitro-o-anisidine) 

Nitro-o-anisidine, other 

o-Nitroanisole 

p-Nitroanisole. 

l-Nitro-2-anthraquinonecarbo-\ylic acid 

5-Nitro-l-anthraquinonesulfonic acid 

5(and 8)-Nitro-l-anthraquinone sulfonic acid 

2-(l'-Nitro-2'-anthraquinonyl)anthra-[2,3]-oxazole-5,10-dione 

•6-(m-Nitrobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (m-Nitrobenzoyl J 

acid) . 
6-(p-Nitrobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (p-Nitrobenzoyl J 
acid). 

•Nitrobenzene 

2-Nit,ro-p-benzenedisulfonic acid 

•m-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

m-Nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

p-Nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride ^ 



284, 290, 387, 462, 511, 515. 

515. 

350, 395. 

229, 284, 350, 395. 

284, 350. 
229, 284, 350. 

350, 453. 
462. 



, 284, 524. 
101, 284, 350. 



101, 229, 284, 350. 

101, 259, 281, 350, 462, X. 

101,350. 

350. 

101,229. 

101,229,350. 

131,223,350. 

101,229,284. 

229. 

101. 

101, 284,350. 

101,229, 284,350,377. 

229 350 

101,' 131,223,229, 284,350. 

462. 

284, 462. 

101. 

101. 

101,229,282,284. 
101,229, 282,284,350. 

10, 229, 284, 350. 

284, 350. 

223. 

284. 

229, 350. 

441. 

441. 

273. 

229. 

101,229,395. 

395. 

238, 533. 

229, 533. 

101,223,284, 350,368. 

219, 368. 

219, 229, 350. 

229, 284, 350, 504, 533. 

238, 350. 

223, 229, 284, 377, 504, 533. 

229, 284, 377, 465, 504, 533. 

533. 

219, 284. 

284, 350, 533. 

229, 350. 

284, 350. 

350. 

229. 

229, 284, 377, 524. 

229, 284, 377, 524. 

219, 223, 229, 284, 316, 350. 

101. 

101, 229, 238, 282, 284, 350, 395. 

229. 

350. 



72 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United State 
production or sales were reported, identified b.y manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Chemical 



m-Nitrobenzoic acid 

p-N itrobenzoic acid 

p-NTitrobenzoie acid, n-butyl ester (n-Butyl p-nitrobenzoate) 

p-NTitrobenzoic acid, ethyl ester (Ethyl p-nitrobenzoate) 

p-Nitrobenzoicacid, isobutyl ester (Isobutyl p-nitrobenzoate) 

p-X itrobenzoic acid, n-propyl ester (n-Propyl p-nitrobenzoate) 

m-N itrobenzoyl chloride '. 

p-N i trobenzoyl chloride.. 

2-Nitrobiphenyl 

4-Xitrobiphenyl 

2-\itro-p-cresol 

Nitrodiphenylamine 

1-N itronaphthalene 

•3-Xitro-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (2-Nitronaphthaiene-4,8- 
disulfonic acid). 

8(and .5)-Xitro-l(and 2)-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

7(and 8) -X itro-5-naphth(l,2)oxadiazolesulfonic acid _ 

o-X'itrophenetole 

p-X'itrophenetole 

*o-N itrophenol 

p-X itrophenol 

2-Nitro-l-phenol-4-sulfonamide 

4-Xitro-o-phenylenediamine 

p-X itrophenylhydrazine 

Xitrophenyl phenyl ether 

l-(m-Xitrophenyl)-5-pyTazolone-3-carboxylic acid 

4-Xitrophthalamide 

3(and 5)-Xitrosalicylic acid 

4-Xitrosodiphenylaraine 

l-Xitroso-2-naphthol 

*p-Xitrosophenol 

3-Xitro-5-stearoylamino-p-toluenesulfonic acid 

m-X'itrotoluene 

o-Xitrotoluene 

p-X i t rot oluene 

Xitrotoluene mixtures 

*3-Nirro-p-toluenesulfonic acid (o-X^itrotoluenesulfonic acid) 

•l-X'i t ro-o-toluenesulfonic acid (p-X itrotoluene-o-sulfonic acid) 

4-X ifro-p-toluenesulfono-o-aniside 

4'-Xirro-p-toluenesuIfono-o-toluide_ 

■5'-Xitro-p-to]uenesuIfono-o-toIuide 

5-X itro-o-toluenes ul fonyl chloride 

•2-Xitro-p-toluidine (m-'Xitro-p-toluidine) 

3-X i tro-p-toluidine 

4-Xitro-o-toliiidine 

5-Xitro-o-toluidine 

4-X i tro-p-tnlylnaphthalimide 

16-Xitroviolanthrone 

Xitroxylenes, mixed 

Octylphenol _ 

Octylresorcinol, nonmedicinal 

Pentabromoindigo 

Pentachlorophenol 

Pentachlorophenol, sodium salt 

3,4,9, 10-Perylenetetracarboxylic acid 

3,4,9,10-Perylenetetracarboxylic di-imide 

Phenanthrene 

9,10-Phenanthrenequinone 

o-Phenetidine 

p-Phenetidine 

•Phenol: 
•Natural: 

From coal tar: 

U. S. P . 

37° C, m. p 

39° C, m. p 

82%-84% 

All other 

From petroleum 

•Synthetic: 

By caustic fusion: 

U. S. P 

82%-84% :.. 

Other 

From chlorobenzene by liquid-phase hydrolysis: 

U. S. P . 

39° C, m. p 

From chlorobenzene by vapor-phase hydrolysis: U. S. P 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



325. 
229, 
345. 
199, 
345. 
345. 
284, 
229, 
219. 
219. 
101. 
223. 
229, 
101, 

229. 
229, 
284. 
284, 
151, 
219, 
101. 
227. 
441. 
377. 
229, 
284. 
229, 
229. 
223, 
101, 
229, 
229, 
229, 
229, 
220, 
101, 
101, 
377. 
229. 
377. 
229. 
223, 
229, 
223, 
284, 
229. 
223, 
284. 
458. 
453. 
22.9. 
219, 
219, 
229. 
229. 
511. 
350. 
219, 
219, 



284. 
345. 



325. 
284, 325. 



284, 350. 
229, 284. 



350. 

345. 

219, 284, 368. 

284, 350, 368. 



350, 377. 

533. 

441, 453. 

223, 229, 281, 284, 350. 

284, 350. 

284, 350. 

284, 350. 

223, 284, 350. 

223, 238. 

229, 282, 284, 350. 



284, 462, 533. 
465. 

229, 284. 
377, 533. 

229. 



487. 
487. 



284. 

238, 284, 345, 395. 



515. 

512, 515. 
387, 515. 



219, 383, 387. 

387. 

387. 

487. 
397. 
232. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



73 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Chemical 



l-Phenol-4-sulfoiiic acid 

Phenothioxin 

o-Phenoxyaniline 

Phenyl acetate. 

Phenylacetylothanolamide 

2-Phenylanthra-[2,3]-oxazole-5,10-dione 

•p-Phenylazoaiiiline (p-Aminoazobenzene) and hydrochloride 

p-Phenylazo-N, N-dimethylaniline 

N-Phenylbenzylamine 

•m- Phenylenediamine 

•o-Phenylenediamine 

*p-Phenylenediamine 

Phenyl ether (Diphenyl oxide) 

Phenylet hylamine 

/3-Phenylethylamine 

Phenylglycine 

Phenylglycine, sodium salt 

Phenylhydrazine 

Phenylhydrazine hydrochloride 

•2,2'-Pheriyliminodiethanol (Phenyldiethanolamine) 

a, a'-Phenyliminodi-p-toluenesulfonic acid 

•Phenylmalonic acid, diethyl ester 

N-Phenyl-1-naphthylamine 

N-Phenyl-2-naphthylamine 

o-Phenylphenol 

o-Phenylphenol, chlorinated 

o-Phenylphenol, sodium salt 

p- Phenylphenol 

Phenylphenol and tars 

X-Phenyl-p-phenylenediamine 

l-Phenyl-.5-pyrazolone-3-carboxylic acid, ethyl ester 

Phenyl silicon trichloride 

Phloroclucinol 

Phthalam ide 

Phthalic acid 

*Phthalic anhydride 

Phthalic anhydride scrap 

Phthalic pitch 

Phthalonitrile 

Phthaloyl chloride 

•Picolines: 

2-Picoline (a-Picoline) 

3-Picoline (/3-Picoline) 

4-Picoline (7-Picoline) 

Picoline (3,4-mixt ure) 

Picramic acid and salt 

Picric acid (Trinitrophenol) 

*Piperidine 

Piperidinecarboxaldehyde 

Piperidinopropanediol 

Poly-sec-amylphenol 

Polychlorobiphenyl 

Polychloronaphthalene 

Polyethylbeuzene (80% Diethylbenzene) 

Primuhne, base 

Primuline sulfonic acid 

Proflavine, base (3,6-Diaminoacridine) 

Propiophenone 

Pseudocumidine 

Pyrazole anthrone yellow (Dipyrazoledianthrone) 

Pyrazolone 

•Pyridine , refined 

3-Pyridinesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Pyridone 

•Quinaldine (2-Methylquinoline) 

Quinaldine yellow, base 

•Quinizarin (1 ,4-Dihydroxyanthraquinone) 

Quinizarine-2-sulfonic acid 

Quinoline: 

•2° 

Other grades 

Quinoline yellow, base 

Quinolinic acid 

Resorcinol, tech 

0-Resorcylic acid 

•Salicylic acid, tech 

857784 — 49 6 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



113, 219. 

487. 

377. 

533. 

269. 

229. 

101, 223, 229, 238. 282, 284, 350. 

350. 

284. 

67, 101, 223, 229, 282, 284, 350. 

227, 325, 336, 541. 

368, 462, X. 

487. 

151. 

219. 

487. 

284, 350. 

229 487. 

453. 

229, 284, 355, 395. 

229. 

151! 199, 336, 497. 

229, 284. 

284. 

219, 487. 

487. 

487. 

487. 

397. 

229, 284. 

229, 465. 

40. 

541. 

229, 284, 487. 

229. 

113,' 219, 246, 272, 284, 3.50, 383, 387, 

462, 486. 
387. 
113. 
284. 
219. 

387, 511, 515. 

511. 

511. 

387, 511, 515. 

284, 350. 

284, 350. 

219, 284, 325. 

350. 

314. 

491. 

219. 

325. 

113. 

101,229, 350. 

110,229. 

497. 

113. 

9, 350. 

229, 284. 

2S8 

387,' 511, 515. 

273. 

227. 

223, 350, 387, 511. 

223. 

101, ?23, 229, 282, 284, 350, 386, 395, 

443, 465, 511, 524. 
465. 

387, 511, 515. 

387, 441. 

350. 

101. 

113, 284, 484. 

113. 

219, 484. 487. 



74 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 7B.- — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Chemical 



Styphnic acid, lead salt . 

Styrene (Vinylbenzene) : 

*Qiade for rubber (elastomers) 

Other grades 

♦Sulfanilic acid and salt_ 

4-Sulfoanthranilic acid 

o-Sulfobenzoic anhydride 

4-Sulfo-o-benzoylbenzoic acid (Sulfo BB acid) 

p,p'-Sulfonyldiphennl (4, 4'-Dihydroxydiphenylsulfone) 

l-(p-Sulfophenyl)-o-pyrazolone-3-carboxylic acid (Pyrazolone T) 

Terphenyl (Phenylbiphenyl), o-, m-, p- 

N -Tetracet ylribityl-3,4-.xylidine 

Tetrabromo-8, ] 6-pyranthrenedione 

1 ,4,5,8-Tetrachloroant hraquinone 

•1,2,4,5-Tetrachlorobenzene 

2,3,5,6-Tetrachlorophenol 

2,3,5, 6-Tetrachlorophenol, sodium salt 

a,a, 2,4-Tetraohlorotoluene ._. 

Tetrahydrof uran 

*l,4,5,8-Tetrakis(r,l",l"',l""-anthraquinonylamino)anthraquinone 
(Penta-anthramide) . 

2-(N -2'-Thenyl)aminop>Tidine 

3-(2)-Thianaphthonone 

p,p'-Thiodianiline 

6,6'-Thiodimetanilic acid (p,p'-Thlobis(4-amino-o-benzenesulfonic 
acid)). 

3,3'-Th iobis(7-benz[delanthracen-7-one) 

Thiophene 

•o-Tolidine and salts 

Tolidine and salts, other 

2-(o-Toloxy )ethanol 

a-Toluamido (Phenylacetamide) 

*2,4-Toluenediamine (4-m-Tolylenediamine) 

2,5-Toluenediamine sulfate -.. 

o-Toluenesulfonamide 

p-Toluenesulfonamide 

o (and p) -Toluenesulfonic acid 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid, ethyl ester 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid, hexyl ester 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid, isopropyl ester 

p-Toluenesulfo aic acid, methyl ester 

Toluenesulfonic acid , sodium salt 

p-Toluenesulfono-o-aniside 

p-Toluenesulfono-o-toluide 

o-Toluenesulfonyl chloride 

p-Toluenesulfonyl chloride 

2,4,6-Toluenetriamine trihydrochloride 

*a-Toluic acid (Phenylacetic acid) 

a-Toluic acid (Phenylacetic acid), sodium salt 

m-Toluidine 

o-Toluidine 

p-Toluidine 

Toluidine, mixed 

p-Toluidinomethanesulfonic acid 

'fi-p-Toluidinometanilic acid (6-p-Toluinometanilic acid) 

•o-Toluidinomethanesulfonic acid (o-Toluinomethanesulfonic acid)__. 

•l-(p-Toluidino)naphthalene-8-sulfonic acid (Tolyl peri acid) (l-(p- 
Toluino)naphthalene-8-sulfonic acid) . 

*a-Tolunitrile (Benzyl cyanide) 

ra-Toluquinaldine (2,7-bimethylquinoline)- 

*4-(o-To)yIazo)-o-toluidine (o-Aminoazotoluene) 

•o-(p-Toly!)benzoic acid (p-Tolyl-o-benzoic acid) 

2,2'-(m-Tolylimino) diethanol 

1 , 1 ',4', 1 "-Trianthrimide 

l,r,5',l"-Trianthrimide __- 

2,4,6-Tribromophenol 

1,2,4-Trichlorobpnzene 

l,2,3(and 1,2,4)-Trichlorobenzene - 

1 ,2,4-Trich]oro-5-nitrobenzene 

2,4,5-Trichlorophenol 

2,4,6-Trichlorophenol 

2,4.(5-Trichlorophennl, sodium salt 

•a-Trichlorotoluene (Benzotrlchloride) -.. _ 

1 ,2,4-Trihydroxyanthraquinone 

Tropine 

Tropinone 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



106, 113, 219, 487. 

223. 

101, 223, 350, 533. 

282. 

441. 

284. 

113, 229. 

229, 238. 

219. 

336. 

229. 

284, 350. 

219, 325, 487. 

487. 

487. 

284, 325. 

284. 

229, 284, 350. 



497. 
229. 
350. 
350. 

229. 
492. 
101, 
101. 
229. 
151, 
101, 
223. 
219. 
219. 
319, 
368, 
390. 
284. 
386, 
390. 
377. 
229, 
219. 
219. 
541. 
151, 
254. 
229, 
229, 
284, 
223, 
377. 
101, 
238, 
229, 



259, 284, 350, 453. 



219, 254, 270, 283, 533, 541. 
223, 229, 284, 350. 



390, 441, 462. 
441. 



441. 
377. 

199, 270, 392. 

284, 359. 
238, 284, 350. 
350, 4S4. 
284, 515. 

284, 350. 
350, 524. 
284, 350. 



151, 219, 254, 256, 325, 541, X 

395. 

101, 

223, ; 

229. 

284, 

284. 

487. 

325, 

219. 

229. 

392. 

219, ■ 

487. 

219, 

229. 

336. 

3.36. 



, 229, 284, 350, 533. 
229, 284, 350. 

.504. 



,487. 

'. 325, 484. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 19 48 



75 



Table 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States 
production or sales were reported identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identiflcation 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



*a,6'-Ureylenebis(l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid) (J acid urea) 

o- Vanillin (2-Hydroxy-3-methoxybe.nzaldehyde) 

Veratraldehyde (3,4- Dimethoxybenzaldehyde) 

o-Veratraldeiiyde (2,3-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde) ..- 

Veratrole (1 ,2-i )imethoxybenze.ne) 

Veratr y 1 alcohol 

9- Vinylcarbazole 

Vinylcyclohexene 

* Violanthrone (Dibenzanthrone) 

Xenylamine (4-Aminobiphenyl) 

m-Xylene 

Xylene, o- and p- 

Xylene hexafluoride 

Xylenesulfonic acid 

Xylenols: Not classified as to b. p 

Xylidines: 

2,3-Xylidine (o-Xylidine) 

2,4-Xylidine (m-4-Xylidine) 

2,5-Xylidine (p-Xylidine) 

3,4-Xylidine 

Xylidines, mixed: 

Original mixtui'e 

Xylidine (ortho, para) 

2,5-Xylidine formate 

2,5-Xylidine hydrochloride 

4-(2,4-Xylylazo)-o-toluidiae (Aminoazoxylenetoluidine).. 

4-(2,4-Xylylazo) -2,5-xylidine (Aminoazoxylene) 

4-(3,5-Xylylazo)-3,5-xylidine 

Other intermediates 



101, 223, 229, 238, 282, 284, 350, 377, 

524. 
219. 

336, 345. 
172, 219. 
219. 

219, 330. 
229. 
113. 

110, 223, 229, 238, 284. 
219. 

284, 392. 
284. 
325. 
390. 
223. 

350. 

284, 350. 
238, 284, 350. 
336. 

284, 350. 
223. 
284. 
350. 

223, 350. 
238, 350. 
229. 
X. 



Dyes 

Table 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 

[Dyes for which separate statistics are given in table 8A are marked below with an asterisk (*); dyes not 
so marked do not appear in tableSA because the reported data are confidential and may not be published. 
Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from table 26. An X signifies that the 
manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number with the designated product] 



Colour 
Index or 

Proto- 
type No. 




DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER 

Nitroso Dyes 
Naphthol green B 

AHtro Dyes 
Naphthol yellow S 

.420 Dyes 

Mono-azo Dyes 

Spirit yellow Q 

Acid yellow G.. _ 

•Spirit yellow R 

Oil yellow 

•Chrysoidine Y 

•Chrysoidine R.. 

•Sudan I 

Croceine orange G 

•Orange Q 

Chromotrope 2R 

•Fast acid fuchsine B.. .._ 

*.\mido naphthol red O 

Brilliant sulphon red 

•Chrome yellow 2G 

•Chrome yellow R 



Manufacturers' identification 
numbers (according to list in 
table 26) 



223. 
223. 



223, 229. 

223, 229. 

95, 223, 229, 238, 350. 

95, 223, 229, 238. 284, 350. 

223, 229, 350. 

223, 229, 350. 

95, 223, 229, 2.38, 284, 350. 

350. 

101, 223, 229, 284, 350, 524. 

350. 

238,350,471. 

101, 223, 229, 238, 284, 350, 362. 

362, 471. 

101, 223, 229, 238. 524. 

101, 223, 229, 238, 524. 



76 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for xvhich United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Colour 
Index or 

Proto- 
type No. 



88 



99 
101 
105 
109 
110 
114 
117 
118 
119 
126 
128 
130 
138 
142 
145 
146 
148 
151 
159 
161 
163 
165 
167 
168 
169 
170 
173 
175 
176 
179 
180 
183 
184 
185 
195 
197 
201 
202 
203 
204 
208 
209 
216 
219 
225 



234 
235 
238 
246 
247 
249 
252 
253 
258 
262 



Dye 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER— 
Continued 



Azo Dyes— Continued 



Mono-azo Dyes— Continued 



*Azo alizarin yellow GP-. 

•Victoria violet 4BS 

Chromotrope 6B 

*Amido naphthol red 6B_ 



Fast scarlet G base 

Fast scarlet G salt. 

•Sudan II 

•Ponceau R 

•Fast red B 

Chromotrope lOB 

Acid chrome brown HN_ 

•Chrome brown R 

Chrome green 2G 

Chromate brown B 

Acid chrome brown R_.. 
Mordant yellow GRO.._ 

Chrome flavine G 

Azo eosine G 

•Fast red B base 

•Fast scarlet R base 

Eosamine G.. . 

Direct pink 2GN 

Direct pink 

Direct fast pink EBN.__ 

•Metanil yellow 

Methyl oranpe 

Azoflavine RS 

•Azo yellow 

Resorcin yellow 

Orange II 

Fast orange O 

•Orange R 

Pigment rubine B __ 

Lake red C 

Acid chrome brown B.__ 

•Acid chrome garnet R. 



Manufacturers' identification 
numbers (according to list in 
table 26) 



101, 229, 238, 350. 

101, 223, 229, 284, 350. 

350. 

101, 223, 229, 238, 282, 284, 350 

524. 
223, 238. 
238. 

95, 223. 229, 350. 
101, 223, 229, 284, S.TO. 
101, 223, 229, 350. 
284. 
284. 

101, 229, 350. 
229. 
67. 
284. 
284. 

67, 229, 284. 
101, 229, 284. 
229, 238, 3.50, 504, ,533. 
223, 229, 238, 350, 504, 5.33. 
284. 
284. 

229, 350. 
284. 

229, 284, 350. 
533. 

101, 229. 
229, 238, 350. 
350. 

101, 223, 229, 350, 524. 
471. 

223, 284, .350. 
284. 
223. 

.350, 524. 
101, 229, 350, 524. 



Acid chrome violet N 67, 101, 238, 350, 524 

Chrome black PV 

Metachrome violet B. 

Naphthylamine brown 

•Fast red A 

*Azo rubine _ 

•Fast red VR 

Croceine scarlet 3BX 

Amaranth 

Cochineal red A 

Mordant yellow O 

•Chrome yellow RN 

Chrome blue black B 

•Chrome blue black R 

•Chrome black T 

•Chrome black A 

Fast acid blue R 

•Fast acid blue B 

•Acid chrome red B 

•Chrome flavine A 

Direct pink 2B 



* Resorcin brown 

•Re.sorcin dark brown. 

Chrome brown G 

•Acid black lOB 

•Azo dark green A._ 

Cloth red G 

•Brilliant croceine M.. 

Ponceau SS e.\ 

Sudan IV 

•Cloth red B. __. 



Disazo Dyes 



229, 350. 

282. 

229. 

101, 223, 229, 284, 294, 350. 

229, 238, 284, 350. 

101, 229, 284, 350. 

101, 309. 

350. 

223, 229, 350. 

229, .350. 

101, 229, .350. 

101, 229, 350. 

101, 229, 284, 350. 

101, 229, .350. 

67, 101, 229, 350. 

223, 229, 284, 350. 

229, 284, 350. 

223, 229, 284, .350, 443. 

101, 229, 284, 350. 

284. 



101, 223, 229, 238, 284, 350, 471. 

101, 223, 238, 350, 471. 

284, 350. 

101, 223, 229, 238, 284, 350, 471. 

101, 284, 350. 

101. 

223, 229, 284, 350, 524. 

350. 

95, 101, 284. 

101, 229, 350. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



77 



Table 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for xohich United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification 
numbers (according to list in 
table 26) 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER- 
Continued 



Azo Dyes — Continued 



Disazo Dyes — Continued 



Neutral gray Q 

'Milling orange 

♦Cloth scarlet O 

♦Direct fast red SBL. 



♦Scarlet EC 

Fast acid cyanine O 

♦Fast acid cyanine 5R ex 

Acid chrome verdone A 

Acid black B 

♦Acid chrome black F 

Acid chrome green SS 

♦Fast acid black 2BN 

Fast acid black F 

♦Fast acid cyanine black B 

Naphthylamine black D 

Brilliant black B.__ 

♦Developed blue NA 

Developed blue B 

Naphthylamine black V 

Direct fast heliotrope 

Developed brilliant orange OR ex_ 

Rosanthrene 

Direct brilliant violet 

♦Direct fast scarlet 

♦Direct fast scarlet 4BA-_ 

♦Bismarck brown O 

♦Bismarck brown R _., 

♦Chrome fast yellow C 

♦Direct fast yellow 5GL 

♦Direct fast yellow 4GL ex 

Direct fast yellow RL 

♦Direct fast pink2BL 

♦Brilliant yellow 

♦Chrysophenine G 

♦Congo red 

♦Congo corinth G 



Congo rubine 

Direct orange G 

♦Direct scarlet B 

♦Direct violet B 

Benzo violet O 

♦Direct violet N 

Direct black RO ... 
♦Developed black BH. 

Direct cyanine R 

♦Direct blue 2B 



Cresotine yellow G. 

♦Direct orange R 

♦Direct fast red F _ _ . 



♦Direct brown M. 



♦Direct brown B. 

♦Polar red. 

Acid chrom.e red .-. 

Direct brilliant red 8B... 
Chrome fast yellow RD. 

♦Milling red Q 

Direct orange R 

Benzopurpurine 4B 

Direct blueSR 

Direct blue 4R 

Direct blue BX 

♦Direct blue 3B 

Direct orange Q 

♦Acid anthracene red 3B- 



284. 

101, 223, 229, 238, 362. 

101, 223, 238, 471. 

182, 223, 229, 238, 282, 284, 350, 

362, 377, 471, 524. 
229, 238, 350. 
223, 229, 350. 
223, 229, 284, 350. 
223. 
350. 

101, 229, 284, 350. 
223, 229. 

101, 229, 284, 350. 
229. 

223, 229, 284, 350. 
229. 
229. 

101^294,350. 
101,229. 
284. 

101, 284. 
238 

284^ 350, 524. 
350. 

101, 223, 229, 282, 284. 350. 524. 
101,223,229,294,524. 
223, 229, 284, 350. 
101,223,229,284,350. 
223, 284, 350. 

223, 229, 284, 350, 362, 524. 
282, 524, X. 
282, 350, 524. 
223, 229, 284, 350. 
223, 229, 284, 350. 
229, 284, 350. 
10,284, 294, 309, .350. 524. 
101, 182, 223, 229, 238, 284, 350, 

471. 
101, X. 
350. 

101,223,229,2.38,350,524. 
101,229,284,350. 
229. 

101 ,223, 229, 238, 284, .350. 
238 

101," 223, 229, 284, 350, 471, 524. 
350. 
101, 223, 229, 238, 284, 294, 350, 

362,471,524. 
101,350. 

101,229, 284. .350. 
101, 223, 229, 238, 282, 284, 294, 

.350,362,471,524. 
101, 223, 229, 238, 284, 350, 471, 

524, X. 
101,223.229.471. 
101, 223, 229, 282, 284, 350, 471, X. 
284, 524. 
101. 

229, 350, 377. 
223, 229, 238. 
238, 350. 
284, 350. 
284. 

101,350. 
229. 350. 
101, 284, 350. 
101,238.350. 
223, 229, 238, 282, 284, 350, 362. 

377, 524. 



78 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 




Manufacturers' identification 
numbers (according to list in 
table 26) 



508 
512 
515 
516 
518 
520 



533 
539 

545 
552 
561 

567 
576 
581 

582 
583 
589 
590 
593 

594 
595 
596 

598 
601 



606 
619 



620 
621 
622 
628 



636 
639 

640 

642 
652 
653 



657 
658 
662 
663 
666 
667 
670 
671 
672 
673 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER- 
Continued 



Azo Dyes — Continued 
Disazo Dyes — Continued 



*Benzopurpurine lOB. 

Fast blue B salt 

'Direct azurine G 



Direct brilliant blue G 

*Direct blue RW 

Direct blue B 

Chicago blue B 

•Direct sky blue FF 

•Direct pure blue. _-. 



Direct fast blue FR 
•Direct fast black FF. 
•Plutoform black 

Diazo blue black RS_ 
•Direct brown BT 



Trisazo Dyes 



Direct fast blue R. 
Direct fast blue B_ 
•Direct black EW.. 



•Direct black RX 

•Direct green ET 

•Chlnramine green B_ 
Direct steel blue G.. 
•Direct green B 



• D irect green G 

Direct olive Q 

•Direct brown 3Q0_ 



•Congo brown O. 
Congo brown R. 



Tetrakisazo Dyes 

Direct brown G 

Naphthamine fast black RS 



•Direct yellow R 

•Chloramine orange G.. 

•Stilbene yellow.. 

Diphenyi catechine G. 



Stilbene Dyes 



•Fast light yellow G. 
•Xylene light yellow . 

•Tartrazine 

Polar yellow 

•Chrome red B 

•Pyrazol orange 



•Auramme.- 



Pyrazolone Dyes 



Ketonimine Dyes 



Triphenylmethane and Dipkenylnaphthylmethane Dyes 

•Malachite green... ... 

•Rhoduline blue 6G 

• B r ill ian t green 

Setocyanine 

•Acid green B 

'Fast acid green B 

Acid light green 

•Acid glaucine blue 

Xylene blue VS 

Xylene blue AS 



284,350,471. 

238, 524. 

101, 182, 229, 238, 284, 3.50, 471, 

524. 
284. 

101.229,284,350. 
350. 
229. 

101, 229, 238, 282, 284, 350, 524. 
101,229, 284, 350, .362. 524. 



101, 238. 2S4, 
101,229, 284, 
101, 238, 282, 
284, 3.50. 
101 , 229, 238, 

524, X. 
101. 

101,. 350. 
101, 223, 229, 

524. 
101, 223, 229, 
101, 223, 229, 
101, 223, 284, 
284, 524. 
101, 223, 229, 

524. 
101,284,350, 
238. 
101, 223, 229, 

524. 
101,229,284, 
284. 



229, 471. 

284. 



101, 223, 229, 284,350. 
101,223,229,284,350. 
223,229, 284. 
350. 



229, 284, 350, 362, 377, 524. 

101, 223, 229, 282, 284, 350, 377, 

524. 
223, 229, 238, 350, 362, 377, 524, 

533. 
101,229,282.377,524. 
101, 223, 229, 282, 284,350. 
101, 238, 350, 362, 377, 524, X. 



350. 

350, 524. 
294, 362. 

284, 350, 377, 471, 



284, 294, 350, 471, 

284,350,471. 
238, 284, 350, 471. 
350,471. 

238, 284, 350, 471, 
471. 

284, 294, 350, 471, 
350, 524, X. 



223, 2S4, 350. 



223, 350, 379, 533. 

229, 284, 350, 379, 533. 

223, 350, 379, 5.33. 

229. 

101, 223, 229, 284, 350. 

223, 229, 284, 350. 

229. 

223, 229, 284, 350, 533. 

229. 

229. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 194 8 



79 



Table 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification 
numbers (according to list in 
table 26) 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER— 
Continued 

Tri phenyl methane and Di phenylnaphthijlmethane Dyes — Con. 

*Para fuchsine 

•Magenta 

•Methyl violet B and base 

♦Crystal violet 

•Ethyl violet- 

Benzvl violet _-_ 

Spirit blue 2B 

Acid magenta 

Fast acid violet lOB 

Wool violet 6B 

•Acid violet 

Acid fast violet BG 

Alkali blue 

Methyl blue -__ 

Methyl cotton blue 

•Soluble blue 

Brilliant sky blue 5 G 

Patent blue V 

•Patent blue A 

•Acid chrome azurol B 

Chromal blue G 

•Acid chrome cyanine R 

Aurine 

Victoria blue R 

•Victoria blue B 

Naphthalene green V 

•Wool green S 



Xanthene Dyes 

Xylene red B 

Rhodamine B 20% 

Rhodamine B cone. 100% 

Rhodamine 6G 20% 

Fast acid violet A2R 

•Fluorescein 

Uranme (Fluorescein, alkali salt) 

Tetrabromofluorescein 

•Eosin G (Tetrabromofluorescein, alkali salt) . 

Erythrosine bluish 

Phloxine 

Rose bengale B 



Acrid ine orange NO. 
Brilliant phosphiiie G_ 

Phosphine 

Phosphine 20 

Euchrysine 2G 



Acridine Dyes 



QuinoUne Dyes 



Quinoline yellow, spirit soluble. 

•Qumoline yellow 

Quinoline yellow KT 



Thiazole Dyes 

Primuline 

Direct pure yellow M 

•Direct fast yellow__ 

Thioflavine T 

Direct brilliant flavine S 



•Wool fast blue... 
•Safranine 

Methylene violet 

Safranine MN 

Acid cyanine 

Induline, spirit-soluble .- 
Induline, \\ater-soluble_- 
•Nigrosine, spirit-soluble _ 
•Nigrosine, water-soluble - 



Azine Dyes 



223, 24;, 450. 

223, 456, 462. 

223, 229, 284, 350, 379, 533. 

229,284,350,379,533. 

229, 284, 379. 

379. 

456. 

229. 

284. 

533. 

101, 223, 229, 284, 350. 

284, 350. 

456. 

229. 

229. 

223, 229, 241, 456. 

229. 

350. 

223, 350, 533. 

101,229,238,284,350,379. 

379. 

lOli 229, 284, 350. 

284. 

229, 284, 379, 533. 

229, 284, 350, 379, 533. 

229, 284, 350. 

223, 229, 284. 



229. 

229. 

223, 284. 

284. 

99. 

99, 223, 239, 350, 4f6, 533. 

223, 456, 533. 

155, 223, 350, 456. 

223, 456, 533. 

456. 

456. 

223, 456. 



229, 284, 350, 377. 

284. 

101, 223, 350. 

377. 

377. 



223, 350. 
223, 284, 350. 
223. 



101, 284, 350. 

284. 

110, 229, 284, 350. 

284. 

110. 



101, 229, 350. 

229, 284, 350, 533. 

229. 

350. 

229 

223i 229, 350. 

223. 229, 350. 

223, 229. .350. 

223, 229, 350. 



80 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Colour 
Index or 

Proto- 
type No. 




Manufacturers' identification 
numbers (according to list in 
table 26) 



873 
S75 



909 
913 



922 
924 
927 
931 



969 
971 



1027 
1033 
1034 
1035 
1040 
1053 
1054 
1060 
1062 
1063 
1073 
1075 
1076 
1077 
1078 

1080 
1085 
1088 
1089 
1091 



1 1095 
1096 
1097 
1098 
1099 
1100 
1101 
1102 
1104 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER— 
Continued 

Aniline Black and Allied Dyes 

New fast gray 

Fur black 

Oiazine Dyes 

Qallocyanine 

New Blue R 

Nile blue A 

Thiazjne Dyes 

•Methylene blue _ . 

Methylene green B 

New methylene blue N 

Brilliant chrome blue 

Sulfur OT Sulfide Dyes 

Derivatives of Carbazole 

Carbazole vat blue R 

Carbazole vat blue O 



Other Sulfur or Sulfide Dyes 



•Sulfui- black 

•Sulfur blue. 

•Sulfur brown 

•Sulfur green 

•Sulfur maroon 

•Sulfur olive 

•Sulfur orange. 

•Sulfur tan 

•Sulfur yellow 



Anthraguinone Dyes 

Alizarin VI 

Alizarin orange AD 

•Alizarin red S 

Alizarin brown 

Alizarin SX 

•Acid alizarin blue SE 

•Acid alizarin blue B 

Anthracene blue SWGQ 

Anthracene blue WR 

Anthracene blue SWX 

•Alizarin irisol R 

Alizarin astrol B 

C yanant hrol R 

Cyananthrol G 

•Alizarin cyanine green 



Acid anthraquinone violet 

•Anthraquinone blue black B 

•Acid anthraquinone sky blue B_ 

Anthraquinone blue SR 

Acid alizarin rubine 



Anthraguinone Vat Dyes 



Anthraquinone vat yellow GC, 125^% 

•Anthraquinone vat golden orange G, 12% 

Anthraquinone vat golden orange R, 12% _._ 

•Anthraquinone vat scarlet O, 16r3% 

•Anthraquinone vat dark blue BO, 25% 

Vat navy blue NTP 

•Anthraquinone vat jade green, 6% 

•Anthraquinone vat green B and black B, 12}.>%- 
•Anlhraquinone vat violet 2R, 12>2% 



223. 
223. 



443. 

223, 350. 
229. 



223, 229, 350, 379, 533. 

223. 

223. 

229. 



185, 281, 284. 
229. 



185,223,229.281,284,350. 

101, 109, 185, 223, 229, 281, 284, 

350. 
101, 109, 185, 223. 229, 281, 284, 

350, 402. 
109, 185, 223, 229, 284, .3,50. 
223, 229, 284, 350. 
185,223,229,281,284,350. 
101, 229, 350. 

101,109,185,229,281,284. 
ICl, 109, 185, 223, 229, 281, 284, 

350. 

223, 238, 350. 

229. 

223, 229, 238, 350, 386. 

350, 443. 

350 

lOli 223, 229, 284, 350. 

101, 223, 229, 282, 284, 350, 443. 

386. 

282. 

386. 

284, 386, 443. 

229, 284. 386. 

284, 386. 

386. 

60, 229, 238, 282, 284, 350, 362, 

386, 443. 
284, 386. 

223, 229, 238, 350, 386, 443. 
229, 284, 350, 386. 
386. 
229, 386. 



223, 229, 284, 350. 

223, 350. 

223, 229, 284, 350. 

110,22.3,229,238,284,350. 

223. 

229, 238, 284, 386, 504. 

110,223,229.284,-350. 

229, 284, 350, 386. 



' Included in Foreign Prototype No. 9. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



81 



Table 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 




Manufacturers' identification 
numbers (according to list in 
table 26) 



DYES GROUPED BY COI-OUR INDEX NUMBER 

Continued 

Anihraquinone Vat Dyes — Continued 

•Anthraquiuone vat blue RS, 10% 

Anthraquinone vat blue 3Q, 10% 

Anthraquinone vat blue CE, 8^^% 

Anthraquinone vat blue GCD, 8J-^% 

Anthraquinone vat blue BCS, 20% 

Anthraquinone vat yellow Q, 12^i% 

Anthraquinone vat brown B, 22% 

Anthraquinone vat yellow OK, VlVi% 

Anthraquinone vat brilliant violet RK, VlVi% 

•Anthraquinone vat olive R, VlVi% 

'Anthraquinone vat brown R, Viy2% 

'Anthraquinone vat brown Q, VlVi% 

Anthraquinone vat red violet RRN, 12H% 

Anthraquinone vat red BN, extra, \1Vi% 

Anthraquinone vat violet BN, 25% 

Anthraquinone vat olive Q 

Anthraquinone vat yellow R, Vl\^% 

Indigoid and Thioindigoid Dyes 

•Indigo, synthetic, 20% --. 

Indigo, white, 20% 

Indigotin lA 

Tribromindigo RB, 20% 

Bromindigo blue 2BD, 16% 

Ciba pink B, 20% 

•Vat red 3B, 20% 

Vat orange R, 10% 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Dyes 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Colors 

*Blue#l 

•Blue #2 

Green #1 and #2 

Green #3 

* Orange #1 

Orange #2 

•Red#l 

•Red #2 

•Red #3 

•Red #4 

•Red #32 

Yellow #1 

•Yellow #3 

•Yellow #4 

•Yellow #5 

•Yellow #6 

Drug and Cosmetic Colors 

Black #1 _ - 

Blue#l 

Blue #4, #6, #9 

Brown #1 

Green #1 

Green #5, #6, #7 

Orange #3, #11, #16 

•Orange #4 

Orange #5 

Orange #15, #17 

Red #1, #3, #10, #30, #36 

Red #2, #5, #18 

Red #4, #17, #28, #33, #39 

Red #7, #11, #12, #31 

Red #8 

Red#9-_. 

Red #13 

•Red #19 

•Red #21 

•Red #22 

Red #27 



223. 229, 284, 350. 

284. 

229. 

223, 229, 284, 350. 

284, 350. 

284, 350. 

284. 

229, 238, 284, 350. 

284. 

223. 229, 238, 284, 350, 504. 

223, 229, 284, 350. 

223, 284, 350. 

229, 284, 350. 

229, 284, 350. 

229, 284, 350. 

110. 

110, 284. 



284, 350, 487. 

350. 

284, 350. 

350, 487. 

350. 487. 

487. 

223, 229, 284, 350. 

223, 238, 284. 



9,131,350. 

9, 169, 211, 350. 

9, 131, 350. 

131. 

9, 131, 169, 211, 350. 

223, 350. 

9, 211, 223, 350. 

9, 131, 169, 211, 350. 

9, 169, 211,350. 

131, 211, .350. 

223, 350. 

211. 

223, 280, 350. 

223, 280, 350. 

9, 131, 169, 211, 350. 

9, 131, 169, 211, 350. 



223, 
211. 
350. 
350. 
211. 
350. 
350. 
211, 
223, 
239. 
211. 
211, 
350. 
211, 
211, 
239, 
211, 
211, 
155, 
223, 
533. 



239, 350, 403. 
239, 456. 



350. 



239, 403. 

223, 239. 

403. 

239. 

239,' 350, 403. 

211, 223, 239,403,456,533. 

350, 456, 533. 



82 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Colour 
Index or 

Proto- 
type No. 


Dye 


Manufacturers' identification 
numbers (according to list in 
table 26) 




DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER— 
Continued 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Z)j/e«— Continued 

Drug and Cosmetic Colors— Continued 

•Red #34 


211, 239 403 




Red #35 . 


211, 239. 




Violet #1- 


350. 




•Yellow #1... 


211, 350. 




•Yellow #5 . 


211, 239, 403 




•Yellow #6 


211 




•Yellow #7 


223, 456, 533. 




•Yellow #8 . 


223, 350, 533. 




•Yellow #10, #11 


350. 




Drug and Cosmetic Dyes, External 
Blue#l 


350. 




Green #5 


350. 




Orange #1 . _ 


211. 




Red #1, #10, #11, #13 


350. 




Violet #2 .. _ 


211, 350. 




Yellow #1 


223. 




Yellow #5 _ 


239. 




Yellow #6-. 


350. 


1 


DYES GROUPED BY FOREIGN PROTOTYPE 
NUMBER 
•Acid alizarin flavine R.._ ___ 


223, 229, 284. 


2 


Acid anthracene brown B 


229, 350. 


4 


•Acid anthracene brown PG . 


101, 229, 238, 282, 284, 3."^, 377, 


7 


Acid chrome blue 2R. 


471. 
101, 229. 


29 


•Algol yellow GC 


223, 229, 284, 350. 


10 


Alizarin direct blue A2G 


229, 284 


11 


Alizarin direct blue AR 


229, 284. 


12 


•Alizarin supra blue A 


229, 284, 350. 


13 




229 350 


14 


•Anthracene chromate brown EB,. 


101, 223, 229, 282, 284, 350, 471 


16 


Artificial silk black G 


101, 229, 524. 


19 


'Benzo Bordeaux 6B 


101, 229, 238, 350. 


20 


•Benzo chrome black blue B 


229, 284, 350. 


21 


Benzo chrome brown BS.. . 


223, 229 


22 


Benzo copper blue B . 


229. 


23 


Benzo dark brown ex, ... 


229 


24 


•Benzo fast black L ._ 


101, 229. 238, 284, 350. 


26 


•Benzo fast blue 4GL 


229, 282, 377, 524. 


27 


Benzo fast blue 8GL 


377 


28 


Benzo fast brown 3GL 


229. 


29 


Benzo green 2B 


229 


30 


Benzo red 12B 


284, 524. 


31 


Benzo rhoduline red B 


229 284 


32 


Benzo rhoduline red 3B 


229, 291 


33 


Brilliant acid blue 3B 


238. 


35 


•Brilliant benzo violet B 


229, 238, 284. 


36 


Brilliant benzo violet 2R 


377. 


37 


Brilliant milline blue B 


229, 284. 


40 


•Brilliant wool blue FFR.. . 


229, 284, 350. 


42 


Cellitazol B 


223 284 


43 


•Celliton orange GR-. ._ _. 


101, 229, 284. 


45 


Celliton red violet R.. . 


284 


47 


•Chlorantine fast brown BRL 


101, 223, 229, 282, 284, 350, 362 


50 


Direct fast red 5BL 


.377, 471, 524, X. 
101. 


53 


•Chlorantine fast yellow 4GL 


101, 284, 377. 


54 


•Chlorantine fast yellow RL 


284, .377, X. 


55 


Chrome yellow DS 


101. 


56 


Chrome yellow G 


223. 


57 




284. 


58 


Cibacete diazo black B. 


101, 284 


59 


Cibacete diazo black GN 


101. 


61 


Cibacete red 3B.. 


284 


62 


Cibacete sapphire blue G . 


101. 


64 


•Cotton black 3G ._ 


229. 2.38. 471. 



' Includes Colour Index No. 1095. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



83 



Table 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 




Manufacturers' identification 
numbers (according to list in 
table 26) 



DYES GROUPED BY FOREIGN PROTOTYPE 
N UM B E R— Continued 

Cross dye green B 

Diamine azo Bordeaux B 

•Diamine Bordeaux B 

Diamine catechine B 

•Diamine catechine G 

•Diamine catechine 3G 

•Diamine fast blue FFB 

•Diamine fast orange EG 

•Diamine fast orange ER 

Diaminogen blue N2B 

Diazo Bordeaux 7B 

•Diazo brilliant green 3G_ 

•Diazo brilliant scarlet 2BL ex 

•Diozo brilli'int scnrlet ROA 

Dinzo brown 6G 

Diazo brown XR 

Diazo brown 3RB 

Diazo fast red 5BL 

•Diazo fnst red 7BL 

Diazo indigo blue 4GL 

Diazo indigo blue 4RL 

Diqzo olive G 

Diazo rubine B 

Diazo skv blue B 

Diazo sky blue30L 

Fast mordant blue B 

•Fast scarlet 2G base 

•Fast scarlet 2G salt 

Fastusol brown L3R 

Fastusol gray R 

Fastusol orange L5G 

Fastusol yellow L5G 

•Guinea fast red BL 

Guinea fast red 4BL 

Helindone fast scarlet B 

Helindone fast scarlet G 

Helindone pink B ex 

•Helindone pink Rex 

Indanthrene brilliant orange RK 

•IndanthreT'e brown BR 

•Indanthrene brown RRD 

•Indanthrene khaki 20 

Indanthrene rubine R dbl 

Indanthrene yellow brown 3G 

Indo carbon CL 

Indo carbon CLG cone 

Indocy an ine B 

Katigen chrome blue 5G 

Metachrome red G 

•Milling yellow HoG 

Milling yellow O _ 

Monochrome blue black B 

Naphthol blue black S 

Neolan black \VA 

•Neolan blue GG 

Xeolan Bordeaux R 

Neolan orange R 

•Oxydiaminogen OB 

Paper red A ex .. 

Polar orange GS 

Pola r oran geR 

Pyrogene orange G-CF 

Pyrogene violet brown X 

Pyrogene yellow brown 2RS-CF 

Rapidogen blue BN 

Rapidoffen blue D 

Rapidogen Bordeaux R 

•Rapidogen red GS 

•Rapidogen red RS 

•Rapidogen scarlet RS 

•Rapidogen yellow G 

•Rosanthrene fast Bordeaux 2BL 

Rosanthrene orange R - 



223 




350 




22y 


238. 350, 524. 


284 


350. 


238 


284, 350, 524. 


223 


229, 238, 284, 350. 


101 


229, 284, 350. 524. 


101 


109, 223, 229, 282, 284, 350. 


109 


223, 229. 282. 284. 


229 


284, 377. 


229 


284, 377. 


101 


229, 350, 377. 


229 


284, 350, 524. 


229 


238, 284,3.50,377.524. 


229 


350. 


229 




229 


350. 


282 


284. 


238 


282, 284, 350, 377, 524. 


229 




229 




229 




229 


377. 


229 




229 




3.';0 




238 


350, 504. 


229 


238, 504. 


229 




229 




229 




22S; 


3.50. 


2?3 


229, 282, 284, 350. 


284 




284 




238 


284. 


223 




223 


238, 284. 


229 


284. 


223 


229, 284, 350, 504. 


101 


223. 229, 238, 284, 350, 377 


229 


284, 350. 


229 


284. 


350 




229 




229 




229 




229 




282 


443. 


229 


238. 377. 


229 


350. 


101 




350 




101 


229. 


101 


223, 229, 282, 284, 350, 5:4 


101 




101 


rsi. 


229 


238. 350, 471, 524. 


229 


284. 


101 




101 


229, 282, 284, 350. 


101 




101 




101 




229 




229 


284, 377. 


229 


377. 


223 


229. 284, 350. 377. 


223 


229. 284, 377. 


223 


229, 284, 350, 377. 


223 


229, 284, 377. 


229 


238, 284, 350, 377. 


229 


284, 377. 



84 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Colour 
Index or 

Proto- 
type No. 



174 
175 
177 
178 
181 
182 
186 
187 
188 
189 
190 
191 
192 
193 
194 
195 
197 
198 
199 
201 
202 
203 
204 
205 
206 
207 
208 
209 
210 
211 
212 
213 
214 
216 
217 
219 
220 
222 
223 
224 
226 
226 
227 
228 
229 
230 
231 
234 
235 
236 
237 
238 
239 
240 
241 
242 
243 
244 
245 
247 
248 
249 
250 
251 
252 
253 
255 
256 
257 
258 
258 
259 
260 
260 I 




Manufacturers' identification 
numbers (according to list in 
table 26) 



DYES GROUPED BY FOREIGN PROTOTYPE 
NUMBER— Continued 

i^et'icyl direct orange 2R 

Setacyl direct violet B 

Sudan hliie G 

Sudan brown 5B 

Sudan orange RT 

Sudan red BB ___ 

Sulphon oranpe O 

•Sulphon yellow R-. 

Supra light rubino BL 

Supraniine black RB 

Supramine blue R 

Supramine Bordeaux B 

Supraniine brown R 

Supraniine red 3B 

Supramine red 2G 

Supramine yellow R 

'Victoria fast violet 2Rex 

Victoria jmre blue B 

Victoria violet RL 

Zambesi black D _ 

*Zambesi black V 

Acid anthracene brown KE 

Acid anthracene brown LE-CF 

Acid anthracene brown WSG 

•Alizarin fast gray BBLW 

Alizarin supra sky R 

Aliphanol brown B 

Amido naphthol brown 3G 

Anthralan red B-CF 

Azosol fast orange G 

Azosol fast orange RR 

Azosol fast red 3B 

Azosol fast scarlet CR-_ 

Azosol fast yellow GR 

Benzo fast Bordeaux 6BL 

Benzoform blue BBL 

•Benzo new blue 5B 

Brilliant indocyanine 6B-CF 

Brilliant indocyanine G 

Brilliant sulpho flavine FFA 

Celliton blue O 

Celliton fast blue B 

Celliton fast blue FR 

Celliton fast blue FFR 

Celliton fast blue green B 

Celliton fast brown 3R 

Celliton fast brown 5R 

Celliton fast pink B- ._ 

Celliton fast pink FF3B 

Celliton fast red GG_. 

•Celliton fast red violet RN 

Celliton fast rubine B 

Celliton fast rubine 3B 

Celliton fast violet B 

Celliton fast violet 6B 

•Celliton fast vellow G 

Celliton fast yellow RR 

•Celliton scarlet B 

Celliton yellow 5Q 

Chrome fast orange 3RL 

Diamine orange F 

Dianil yellow 5Q 

Diazo brown 3R_ 

Diazo fast yellow 2G- 

Diazo fast yellow 3G 

Erio chrome brown DKL 

Fast black B salt 

Fast black K salt 

Fast black LB base 

Fast blue BB base. 

Fast blue BB salt 

Fast Bordeaux BD salt 

•Fast Bordeaux GP base 

•Fast Bordeaux GP salt 



284. 

284. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229 238 

lOl! 223^ 229, 2.38, 377. 

229, 350. 

229, 238. 

229. 

229. 

238. 

229, 238. 

229. 

229. 

223, 229, 350. 

229, 379, 533. 

101, 284. 

229, 350. 

101, 229, 2?4, 350. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

223, 229, 284, 386. 

229, 350. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

101, 284, 471. 

10. 229. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229, 284, 443. 

229. 

229, 284. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229, 294. 

101,229,294. 

229, 284. 

229, 294. 

229. 

229. 

loi! 229, 284. 

229. 

101 ! 229, 284, 294. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

101. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229, 284, 504, 533. 

229, 238, 350. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



85 



Table 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 




DYES GROUPED BY FOREIGN PROTOTYPE 
NUM B E R— Continued 



Fast corinth V salt 

*Fast garnet GBC base 

•Fast garnet GBC salt 

Fast e;arnet GC salt 

•Fast orange GC base 

•Fast orange GC salt 

Fast orange GR base 

Fast orange GR salt 

Fast orange RD salt 

Fast red AL salt 

•Fast red GL base 

•Fast red GL salt 

•Fast red 3GL base 

•Fast red 3GL salt 

Fast red KB base 

•Fast red RC base... 

*Fa«t red RC salt 

Fast red RL base 

Fast red RLsalt... 

•Fast red TR base 

•Fast red TR salt 

Fast violet B base. _ 

Fast violet B salt 

Fast yellow GC base 

Fast yellow GC salt 

Fastusol orange LGGL 

Fastusol red violet LRL 

Fastusol turquoise blue LQL 

Immedial new blue FBL ex 

Immedial new blue -SGL ex 

Indanthrene brilliant violet 3B . 
Indanthrene direct black RB_.. 
Indanthrene golden orange 3G-. 
Indanthrene golden yellow GK_ 
Indanthrene golden yellow RK_ 

•Indanthrene olive green B 

Indanthrene red FBB 

Metomega chrome brown RLL. 

Monochrome black blue G 

Monochrome red FO 

Monochrome violet FB 

•Naphthol AS 

•Naphthol AS-BO 

•Naphthol AS-BR 

•Naphthol AS-BS 

•Naphthol AS-D 

Naphthol AS-DB 

Naphthol AS-E 

•Naphthol AS-G 

Naphthol AS-ITR 

•Naphthol AS-OL 

Naphthol AS-RL 

•Naphthol AS-SW 

Naphthol AS-TR 

Neolan orange G 

Neolan yellow GR cone 

Omesa chrome yellow ME 

Palatine fast blue BN 

Palatine fast green B LN 

Palatine fast marine blue REN. 

Palatine fast orange GEN 

Palatine fast orange RN 

•Palatine fast pink BN 

Palatine fast red RN 

Palatine fast violet 3RN 

Palatine fast violet fiRN. _. 

•Palatine fast yellow ELN 

Palatine fast yellow GRN 

Pluto black G 

Pyrazol fast orange GL 

Rapid fast orange RH 

Rapid fast red FOH 

Rapid fast red RH 

Rapid fast scarlet ILH 



Manufacturers' identification 
numbers (according to list in 
table 26) 



229. 238, 284, ,"104, 533. 
238. 

238, 284, ,504. 
238, 504. 



504. 

238. 350. 
284, 504, 533. 
238, 504. 
,504. 

a38. 504. 
238, 284, 350. 
284, 504, 533. 
504. 



504. 
294. 



284. 

350. 

284, 3,50. 

284, 386. 

350. 

229, 238, 284, 3,50. 

3,50. 

284. 



229, 238, 281 , 284, 350, 377. 

229, 238, 350, 504. 

238, 350. 

229, 238, 284, 350, 377, 465. 

229, 238, 284, 350, 377, 465. 

350. 

229, 238, 284, 350. 

229, 238, 284, 350, 377, 465. 

238. 

229, 238, 284, 350. 

504. 

350. 

350. 

229. 



229, 282. 
229, 282. 
229. 



86 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 




Colour 
Index or 

Proto- 
type No. 



338 
339 
340 
341 
342 
343 
344 
345 
347 
34S 
349 
350 
351 
352 
353 
35G 
357 
35« 
301 
362 
366 
367 
368 
372 
374 
375 
376 
377 
379 
381 
383 
389 
391 
392 
393 
394 
404 
405 
406 



DYES GROUPED BY FOREIGN PROTOTYPE 
NUMBER— Continued 

Rapid fast yellow GQH 

Rapidosen black MG 

Rapido^en black brown IT.. 

Rapidogen blue N 

Rapidogen blue R 

Rapidogen brown IB 

Rapidogen brownlPT. ._ 

Rapidogen golden yellow R 

Rapidogen LJreen B 

Rapidogen orange G 

Rapidogen orange R. 

Rapidogen red violet RR 

Rapidogen violet B 

Rapidogen yellow O 

Rapidogen yellow 2G 

Solamineblue FFG 

Variamine blue BD salt 

Variamine blue RT salt 

Alizarin rubinol 3Q 

Amido brilliant red BB 

Benzo fast heliotrope 2RLA 

Brilliant benzo fast violet BL 

Brilliant benzo green B 

Cotonerol 

Diamine orange BA 

Diamond black P2B 

Developed brilliant orange GRN ex 

Diazo brilliant scarlet 5BLN 

Fastusol gray LVGL __ 

Indanthrene orange 4RA, 12'. 4% 

Janus black 0_- , 

Ncolan pink B .._ 

Neolan red GA 

Neolan violet brown B 

Oxamine brilliant red B 

Palatine fast claret BN 

Rosanthrene Bordeaux B_ ___ 

Supranolred BA-CF 

Patent fast rubine 4BL 

UNGROUPED DYES 

Acetate rayon dves: 3 
*BIack, IV, IV ex., AZO, B, BGD, BNF, EC, G, 3G, GFS, 
GN, 30NF, GS, GY, J, JF, LNB, NS, PL, SN, SS.4 
*Blue, B, 2B, BGF, BNN, BP, BXN, EC, FFG, FFR, 
FFRN, GR, LB, M.s 

Bordeaux B ..... 

*Brown B, Q, JG, R, 2R 

Fast brown ROO 

GrayNBN 

Heliotrope I _ _ 

♦Orange, I, III, BL, FSI, GL, QR, GRN, R, 2R, 3R, 4R, 
RB.5 

Purple _. _ _ _ 

•Red, II, III, VI-X, VII, VIII, IX, B, 2B, BG. BLF, BS, 
BX, C, CBS, Q, GP, LRB, MBS, NB, R, RFA, 
RP, Y." 

Violet II, 3B, BGF, BRA, FSI, 2R, 5RLF 

•Yellow, #17, IX, XII, XIII, 6D, F, FFA, FSI, O, 5G, 
3GA, 7GE, GL, GLF, GN, 6GN, GOO, GS, HEB, 
L3G, RN.« 

Acid alizarin Bordeaux BLT 

Acid alizarin brown N4R 

Acid black AR, 3G, GRF, RB 

Acid blue G, 2R 

Acid brilliant red 3B, 4BL 



Manufacturers' identification 
numbers (according to list in 
table 26) 



229. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229^ 284. 

229. 

229. 

223! 229 

2?9. 

229, 284. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

223, 229, 284. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

101, 229, 524. 

223. 

101. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

60. 



101, 229, 238, 284, 294, 309, 350, 

395,471,524. 
101, 229, 238, 282, 284, 294, 350, 

395, 524. 
294. 

294,' 395, X. 
524. 
238. 
?38. 
238, 284, 294, 350, 362, 395, 524, X. 

284. 

101, 229, 238, 284, 294, 350, 395, 
465, 471, 524, X. 

229, 238, 284, 395. 
95, 101, 223. 229, 238, 284, 294, 
350. 362, 395, 524. 

229. 
223. 

284, 350. 
101,377. 
350, 377. 



3 Excludes acetate rayon dyes that appear under "Dyes grouped by Foreign Prototype number." 

* Includes developed black, direct black, and monoazo black. 

5 Includes brilliant blue, direct blue, navy blue, pure blue, and saphirole blue. 

9 Includes golden orange and light orange. 

' Includes pink, rubine, and scarlet. 

8 Includes brilliant yellow, direct yellow, fast yellow, fluorescent yellow, and golden yellow. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



87 



Table 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 




UNGROUPED DYES-Continued 



Acid bro\\Ti R 

Acid carmine 2B 

Acid chrome black blue O... 

Acid chrome blue3GA, QW, 2RL 

Acid chrome brown 30L 

Acid chiome orange ML 

Acid chrome red QM 

Acid dark green B 

Acid fast brown CHS, R 

Acid fast orange LW 

Acid green #1854, G 

Acid leather brown EBR 

Acid milling orange 4R 

Acid milling yellow GN 

Acid navy B, FN 

Acid navy blue, M4B 

Acid neutral brown RRS 

Acid orange 2R 

Acid redSB, G, OA, RB 

Acid sapphire G 

Acid scarlet G, Y 

Acid violet 4BLA, RNL 

•Acid yellow CW, 3G, GR, R, Y 

Algol scarlet B 1 

Alizaiinblue GS, WSA 

Alizarin cyanine green GNA 

Alizarin sapphire RL, SGL 

Alizarin sky blue B 

Alizarin violet NRR 

Alphazurine B cone 

Amido yellow EA 

Anthracene chrome brown 2BL, RL 

Anthraquinone blue BGA, 3G, SWB, WSA 

Anthraquinone vat black J 

Anthraquinone vat black brown VA 

Anthraquinone vat blue GR 

Anthraquinone vat blue IBC, O, 04B, 06B, leuco ester. 

Anthraquinone vat blue green, B, Y 

Anthraquinone vat brilliant red B 

Anthraquinone vat brilliant violet I4R, leuco ester 

Anthraquinone vat brilliant yellow 3G, 4G 

Anthraquinone vat brown NR, VR 

Anthraquinone v^t brown IBR, leuco ester 

Anthraqumone vat dark blue 2G 

Anthraquinone vat dark olive B 

Anthraquinone vat direct black 3G 

•Anthraquinone vat gray #7542, BR, GGL, M, R 

Anthraquinone vat green IBW, leuco ester 

Anthraquinone vat gold yellow, leuco ester IG K 

Anthraquinone vat golden orange 4G, YL... 

•Anthraquinone vat navy blue, BN, BRA 

Anthraquinone vat olive G, GGL, TA 

Anthraquinone vat olive green IB, leuco ester 

Anthraquinone vat orange HR, leuco ester- 

Anthraquinone vat pink IR, leuco ester 

Anthraquinone vat red GLL 

Anthraquinone vat red IFBB, leuco ester 

•Anthraquinone vat red brown, R, RB, 5RF 

Anthraquinone vat scarlet 30A, RA 

Anthraquinone vat yellow 80, GF, 3R._. 

Anthraquinone vat yellow GCA, leuco ester 

Azo Bordeaux BL 

Azo brilliant blue B 

Azo briUiant green BA 

Azo brilliant yellow 6GF 

Azo brown BY, DB 

Azo ceresine B 

Azo eosine 2B 

Azo fast blue b, HLGG, 2R 

Azo fast brilliant red BN 

Azo fast orange RA 

Azo fast yellow CGR, RCA 

Azo oil black- 

Azo oil blue black B 

Azo olive green BLN 



Manufacturers' identification 
numbers (according to list in 
table 26) 



377. 

284. 

101. 

101, 229. 

101. 

101. 

101. 

101. 

101, 284. 

238. 

67, 284. 

229. 

223. 

284. 

471, X. 

223, 284. 

284. 

377. 

101, 377. 

X. 

377. 

229, 471. 

67, 350, 377. 

229. 

229, 350. 

229. 

350. 

229. 

350. 

350. 

229. 

443. 

284. 

350. 

229. 

350. 

229. 

284, 350. 

284. 

229. 

229, 284. 

284, 350. 

229. 

284. 

238. 

284. 

238, 284, 350. 

229. 

229. 

284. 

229, 238, 284. 

229, 284. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

284. 

229. 

229, 238, 284, 350. 

229. 

284, 350. 

229. 

377. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

377. 

223. 

284. 

229,350. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

350. 

350. 

377. 



88 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Colour 
Index or 

Proto- 
type No. 



Dye 



UNGROUPED DYES— Continued 

Azo orange BRS, 6Q, ON, GRN, RN #90 

Azorubinol30P__ 

Azo yellow 20 

Azoanthrene dyes: 

Black NV 

BlueQ - 

Golden orange R extra _ _ . 

Green G 

Navy BR, CW, LN __ 

RedSBW 

Royal blue L, S 

Rubine B, S 

Turquoise B 

Yellow DW, G, GSB, S. 

*Azoic dyes and their components: > 
Dyes: 
Rapid fast: 

Blue B 

Bordeaux IB 

Brown IRH___ 

RedGL 

Scarlet RH 

Yellow IG 

Rapidogen: 

Black DM, FFM, MB, MR 

BlueG, GB, MSG, PBN 

Bordeaux 3B, BN, MR, RRD 

Brown 2G,2QN, IH, IR 

Dark brown AR, R 

Golden vellow IFG, MRS, N 

Navy blue FFR..._ _ 

Orange FFR, R 

Red AFR, BB, FFBB, FFG, FFR, GNBS, GNS, 
IGG, ITR, YN. 

Red violet RDN 

Scarlet FFG, FFR, GO, RR 

Seal brown 

Yellow ON, I4GA.-._ 

Components: 
Fast color bases: 

Black B 

Corinth V _... 

Garnet GC 

Ponceau L 

Red PDC 

Scarlet R, TRC 

Fast color salts: 

Blue B 

Ponceau L 

Red, O, 2G, 3G, ITRN, PDC 

Scarlet G, R 

Yellow O 

Fur dyes: 

Nyanzol NZ, NZA, NZF 

Nyanzol berry blue 

Nyanzol brown #2, #4 

Nyanzol gray BCA 

Nyanzol fusion W357 

Naphthols: 

Naphthol AS-BO _ 

Naphthol AS-CI'A 

Naphthol AS-G^ 

Naphthol AS-O" 

Naphthol AS-Kl 

Naphthol AS-LB_-. _ 

Naphthol AS-LC 

Naphthol AS-MX 

Naphthol AS-OP 

Naphthol AS-PH 

Naphth-ol AS-PN 

Naphthol A S-SG 



Manufacturers' identification 
numbers (according to list in 
table 26) 



377. 
101. 
377. 

X. 
X. 
X. 
X. 
X. 
X. 
X. 
X. 
X. 
X. 



229. 
229. 
229. 
524. 
229. 
229. 

229, 
229, 
229, 
229, 
229, 
229, 
229. 
229, 
229, 

229. 
229, 
377. 
229, 



284. 

284, 377. 
284, 377. 
377. 
284. 
284, 377. 

377. 
284, 377. 

377. 
377. 



229. 
229. 
229. 
238, 
229. 
229, 

229, 
238. 
229, 
229, 
504. 

282. 
282. 
282. 
282. 
282. 

229. 
229. 
229. 
229. 
229. 
229. 
229. 
229. 
377. 
229. 
223. 
229. 



350. 
504. 



350, 504. 
238. '^.'=0. 



» E.\cludes azoic dyes and their components that appear under "Dyes grouped by Colour Index number' 
and "Dyes grouped by Foreign Prototype number." 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



89 



Table 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Uye 



UNGROUPED DYES— Continued 

Benzoform dyes: 

Gray N 

Red 7B, G 

Rubine BA 

Violet BB 

Benzo fast copper blue FBLA 

Benzo fast red 2B 

4,4'-Bis (phenylureido)-2,2'-stilbenedisulfonic acid 

Brilliant acid blue 3B 

Brilliant blue 5B... __ 

Brilliant congo blue BFL 

Brilliant oil blue BMA, G. 

Brilliant wool blue O extra, N 

Ceres blue SO 

Chloramine brilliant oranpe RS 

Chlorantine fast red 6BLL 

Chromate brilliant brown RL 

Chromate brown R 

Chromate olive FBBL 

Chrome black 3G 

Chrome brilliant pink 3B 

Chrome brilliant violet NR 

Chrome brown B, DK, O, PD 

Chrome fast red 2RL 

•Chrome green B, CB, G... 

Chrome leather fast black S 

Chrome orange LC, 3R, RL 

Chrome pink B 

Chrome red B,G 

•Chrome yellow FTL, 20, 2GN, SSN, SW 

Chromindigen blue BRA ___ 

Chromolan blue 3R 

Chromolan gray G 

Chromolan red 3B 

Chromoxane brilliant violet RA, SB 

Chrysoidine SS 

CibablueBR 

Ciba red 

Croceine scarlet FP cone 

Derma brown G 

Developed blue B, 3G, fiO, 5GL, NA 

Developed Bordeaux 7B extra cone, 2BL, RB 

Developed brilliant blue 2BLA/CF 

Developed brilliant scarlet 3G, GGA, ROL 

Developed brown CBS, R 

Developed fast Bordeaux FBLA 

Developed fast violet BL 

Developed fast yellow 2G 

Developed green BL, 2GL 

Developed indigo blue BRRA 

Developed orange O, 3G, GR, GS, RAS, RFW, RR, WD.. 

Deve: Jd red BFW__.^ 

Developed rubine B 

Developed scarlet FW, GFW, GLS, NN 

Developed violet BRD, RR 

Developed yellow 2GL 

Diamine catechine 6GA 

Diazine Oi .nge 

Diazophea red BTB. 

Diazophen yellow BTP 

Dibromofluorescein 



Dinitrodibromofluorescein 



"C 



Diphenyi fast blue green BL -^ 

Diphenyl fast gray B ' 

•Direct black AWG, GW, 3G, 5Q, RW, ULR ^ 

Direct blue 2B, 5B, GL, 8GLN, 8GUF, NR, RDW, RL, 
VRS. 

Direct blue green CW 

Direct Bordeaux B 

Direct brilliant blue BFL 

Direct brilliant cerise 

Direct brilliant red 12B cone. 

•Direct brilliant violet B, 4B, R 

Direct brilliant yellow SO 



Manufacturers' identification 
numbers (according to list in 
table 26) 



350. 

284, 350. 

284, 350. 

377. 

282, 284, 350. 



284. 
284. 



282, 284, 350. 
350. 



284, 350. 
284. 



284, 350, 471, X. 
282, 350, X. 



350. 

350. 

350. 

223. 

350. 

101,223,238,350. 

350. 



857784—49- 



90 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 




Manufacturers' identifJcation 
numbers (according to list in 
table 26) 



UNGEOUPED DYES— Continued 

•Direct brown CWR, FW, GB, G2R, 3GS, KRS, R, RD, 
RY. 

Direct catechine 2BAC 

Direct copper blue GL, RRX 

Direct developed garnet RD 

Direct fast black G, PG 

Direct fast blue 6GKS, 6GL, 8GL, 4GLN, L5GA, LRLACF, 
R, RLSFRL, SRL. 

Direct fast blue green FWL 

Direct fast Bordeaux BLL 

Direct fast brown 4GL, LRTA, R, 4R, RK, RL, 2RL, SRL, 
SKRL 3YL 

Direct fast gray BL, GL, 2GL, GVF, M, RLN 

Direct fast heliotrope B 

*Direct fast orange G, 2G, 4G, 2GL, L4GL, L7GL, R, RGL, 
4RL, 5RL. 

♦Direct fast red 3BL, 8BLN, 7BNL, IDC, R, WL.. 

♦Direct fast rubine B, LB, WL 

Direct fast scarlet G 

Direct fast turquoise G 

Direct fast violet 4BL, 5BL 

Direct fast yellow, 4GL, 5GL, LRA 

Direct garnet RB 

Direct golden vellow R 

Direct grav BBC, LVL 

♦Direct green GB, 5GSC, 2Y 

Direct indigo blue 

Direct light yellow RL 

Direct lumisol blue 

Direct lumisol gray . 

Direct navy DSU, R 

♦Direct navy blue B, BW, DB, G, RY 

Direct neutral blue 

Direct olive brown RL 

Direct orange DB, GI-, GRA. RT ._ 

Direct red 3BL,8BLSW 

Direct rubine G 

Direct scarlet G cone 

Direct silk blue NR 

Direct si)eck dye red SW 

Direct violet black 

Direct viscose blue GQS, RS 

Direct white, B, 3R 

Direct yellow S3G, S5GP 

Euchrysine 2GA 

Fast acid brown RG 

Fast acid gray JE 

Fast acid light red B 

Fast acid orange RW 

Fast acid red BBLA 

Fast acid yellow 3QLA-CF, GS 

Fast black GN, GRNX 

Fast blue FBL 

Fast Bordeaux BN, RB 

Fast brown FN, 5GLL, MF, 4R, 3RL 

Fast crimson R 

Fast diazo orange 2G, QRN 

Fast light red BL 

Fast light yellow 3GX 

Fast olive brown G _. 

Fast orange 4RN, YF 

Fast red 2B, 8BLN 

Fast red B salt amine 

Fast spirit black R 

Fast spirit brown O 

Fast spirit orange R 

Fast spirit yellow G, 2R 

Fast wool yellow N ._ 

Fast yellow 2G 

Fluorescent green 

Fluorescent purple 2G, RB 

FluoralSGA... 

Fluoroleum green 

Fluoroleum red 

Formaldehyde black B 



229, 238, 284, 350, 471. 
350, 471. 



350. 
350, 377. 



X. 



282, 284, X. 
X. 



101, 223, 238, 282, 350, 471, X. 

350. 

284, 350. 
238. 

284, 350. 
229, 284, 350. 

350. 
350. 
229, 284, 350. 

284, 350. 

284. 

101, 229, 284, 350. 

109, 

284, 

350: 

350, 

284, 

229, 

350. 

377. 

X. 

223, 238, 284 

238. 

101. 

101. 

101. 

223 

lOl', 238, 2S4, 350, 471. 

377. 

238, 

229, 

282, 

238. 

238. 

229. 

350. 

101. 

229. 

223, 

350. 

229. 

350. 

350. 

101. 

101. 

229. 

229, 

223, 

524. 

223. 

223, 

350. 

524. 

350. 

229. 

223. 

223. 

524. 

533. 

223. 

223. 

223. 

223. 

223. 

223. 

489. 

350. 

229. 

284. 

284. 

101. 



,350. 
524. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



91 



Table 8B- — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Dye 



UNQROUPED DYES— Continued 



Formalide brown RD 

Formnlide deep blue R.. 

Gasoline blue -- 

Gasoline yellow 

Hastings light fast violet 3RL 

Helio oil red R 

Igenal brown CRTA, ITGA, M130, PGMA... 

Indian brown 3G 

Indigo vat black 

Indigo vat printing black G 

Indonaphthol blue 

losol black 

Iosolblue6Q 

losoI red 

Jet black APX 

Kiton fast red 4BLN._ 

Lake orange 

Lake yellow, PL 

Leather brown 5RTD, 5RTX 

Liquid oil black M-8840 

Lithosol brown BC 

Lithosol fast yellow 3GD 

Lithosol red 2B 

Milling red B 

Milling vellow 3G, NGS, XN 

Naphthol blue RCF 

Naphthanil HO 

Naphthanil blue B, BE, RR 

Naphthanil red B 

Naphthanil scarlet O. 2G, R 

Naphthylamine black 8B, 3Q 

Neutral brown R 

Neutral silk yellow CQA, G 

Oil black 

Oil brown #79, #102, D, M, Y 

Oil fast blue R 

*Oil orange, #30, MT 

Oil pink 

*Oil red, #322, EGM, GRO, N-1700, OB, Y-292. 

Oil yellow, PHW 

Palatine fast blue 5RNA-CF 

Paper white GDC 

Para brown VGA 

Plastic red B-_ 

Plastic yellow VVP 

Plasto brown 2RS 

Plasto orange M 

Plasto red MS 

Polyform dyes: 

Blue2RF 

Dark brown 3BF 

Dark maroon GF 

Orange RF 

Scarlet 2QF 

Yellow GF 

Pyrazoline dyes: 

Black 

Blue CF, CFP, R, 2RCF 

Brown R 

Gray QL 

Orange LR.. 

Pink4BL 

RedBLW 

Rubine SB 

Quinoline yellow P 

Resin brilliant orange 2R 

Resin brilliant red R 

Resin brown Z 

Resin royal blue #51591 

Resin sky blue #51590 

Resin violet #51720, B 

Resoform red BN 

Resorcine brown RA, 2YDS 



Manufacturers' identification 
numbers (according to list in 
table 26) 



471. 

471. 

223. 

223. 

443. 

229. 

226. 

229! 

487. 

350. 

223. 

350. 

350. 

350. 

284. 

101. 

350. 

350. 

229. 

223. 

284. 

284. 

284. 

377. 

350. 

223. 

284. 

284. 

284. 

284. 

229. 

101. 

282, X. 

60. 

95, 350. 

238. 

60, 95, 223. 

350. 

60, 95, 223, 238, 350. 

60, 223. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

350. 

350. 

350. 

350. 

350. 

284. 
284. 
284. 
284. 
284. 
284. 

377. 
377. 
377. 
377. 
377. 
377. 
377. 
377. 
284. 
350. 
350. 
350. 
350. 
350. 
350. 
229. 
223, 229. 



92 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for ivhich United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Colour 
Index or 

Proto- 
type No. 



Dye 


Manufacturers' identification 
numbers (according to list in 
table 26) 


UNGROUPED DYES— Continued 
Rosanthrene orange .- .. . 


284. 




284. 


Silk brown O, R - ... - 


X. 


Silk red4B 


101. 


Spirit soluble blue. .. . . 


443. 




350. 


Spirit soluble fast orange A. cone . . 


350. 


Spirit soluble fast red M, Y . . . 


350. 


Spirit soluble fast yellow 3Q _ 


350. 


Spirit soluble green 


443. 


Stilbene yellow 5GXA 


229. 


Sudan Corinth 3B. ... _ ... . 


229. 


Sudan dark brown BQ extra .... . . 


229. 


Sudan green 4B ..... . . . . 


229. 




229. 


Sudan red GO . . . 


229. 




229. 


Sulfon black RA 


229. 


Supranol brown 5RA.. . . . 


229. 


Tetrachlorotetrabromofluorescein- ... _-._........ 


533. 


Toluylene fast brown 3G A. . . . .. . . 


229. 


Vat black 2G, R... 


223. 


Vat copper brown . ... . . 


223. 




223. 


Vat gray 20, R ... 


223. 


Vat scarlet 2GN. . . 


350. 


Viscoblue RS 


101. 


Zambesi black BG / .. ..... 


101. 


Another 


284. 







Lakes and Toners 

Table 15B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Lakes and toners for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 

Lakes and toners for which separate statistics are given in table 15A are marked below with an asterisk (*) : 
those not so marked do not appear in table 15.A. because the reported data are confidential and may not be 
published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from table 20. An X signifies 
thatthe manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number with the designated 
product] 



Product 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



LAKES OR LAKE COLORS 
Black lakes; 

•Logwood black (C. I. 1253) 

Nigrosine (C. I. 864) 

All other 

•Blue lakes: 

Alkali blue 20 

Blue lake NV 

Brilliant wool blue 

Heliogen blue 

Indanthrene blue RS (C. I. 1106) 

Indanthrene blue QCD (C. I. 1113) 

Indigo 

C. P. Iron blue and methvl violet 

•Methylene blue (C. I. 922) 

•Peacock blue, fugitive (Patent blue) (C. I. 671).. 

Peacock blue, non-permanent, and PTMA green 

Phthalocyanine blue, sulfonated 

Ponsol brilliant violet 

Setoglaucine (C. I. 658). 

Turquoise blue (C. I. 661) 

•Victoria blue B (C. I. 729) 

•Victoria pure blue B (Pr. 198) 

Another 



56,211,456,510,540. 

112. 

443. 

338. 

165. 

3, 510. 

112. 

284. 

74,310. 

338. 

310. 

57, 338, 342, 344, 443, 538, 540. 

26, 41, 56, 57, 1.30, 152, 155, 201, 211, 
223, 239, 240. 299, 310, 338, 342, 344, 
354, .383, 443, 510, .533, 538, 540. 

310. 

3, 201, 510, 540. 

284. 

240, 338, 465. 

112. .338. 

56, 223, 240, 284, 342, 538. 

201, 342, 540. 

240, 403. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



93 



Table 15B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Lakes and toners for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Product 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



LAKES OR LAKE COLORS— Continued 

•Brown lakes: 

• Bismarck brown 

Hansa yellow and phthalocyanine blue 

Indanthrene brown R A 

Mixed acid orange II, brilliant wool blue, acid scarlet 2R 

AlIother_ _ 

•Green lakes: 

•Acid green B (C. I. 669) 

Acid green B (C. I. 669) and thioflavine (C. I. 815) 

Acid green Q (C. I. 686)-- 

Acid yellow and blue 

Benzidine vellow and PTMA green 

•Brilliant green (C. I. 662)__ 

C. P. Iron blue and benzidine yellow 

Light green SF (C. I. 670) 

Malachite green (C. I. 657) 

Malachite green and F. L. yellow 

Malachite green (C. I. 657) and thioflavine (C. I. 815). ._ 

•Pigment green B (Pr. 149) 

All other 

Maroon lakes: 

Alizann maroon (C. I. 1041) 

Amaranth (C. I. 184). ._ 

•Azo Bordeaux (C. I. 88) 

• Helio fast rubine 

Hypsrnic 

Naphthol AS-OL 

a-Naphthylamine and R salt naphthionic 

Quinazarine 

Rubine 

All other 

•Orange lakes: 

•Acid orange R (C. I 161) 

Naphthol AS-OL (Pr. 311) 

•Persian orange (Acid orange Y) (Orange II) (C. I. 151) 

Scarlet orange 

Another 

Red lakes: 
•Alizarin red B (C. I. 1027) 

Carmine (C. I. 1239) 

•Eosine (Bromo acid lake) (C. I. 768) 

Fuchsine (.Magenta) (C. I. 677) 

Lithol, calcium 

Lithol rubine 

•Lithosol red 2B_. 

Magenta ABX and methyl violet LA 

Naphthol AS (Pr. 302) 

Naphthol AS-n (Pr. 306) 

Orange II and fuchsine 

Phlo.xine (C. I. 774) 

•Pigment scarlet 3B (C. I. 216) 

Polar red (C. I. 430) 

Red lake C, sodium 

•Rhodamine B (C. I. 749) 

Rhodamine60 (Rhodamine Y) (C. I. 752) 

Rose lake 

•Scarlet 2R (C. T. 79)... 

Scarlet 2R and orange II 

Vat pink (C. 1.1211) 

Vat pink (Pr. 109) 

All other 

•Violet lakes: 

Acid violet (C. I. 698) 

Crystal violet (C. I. 681) 

Ethyl violet (C. 1.682) 

Indanthrene red violet RHA. 

•Methyl violet B (C. I. 680) 

All other 



211,239,240. 

74. 

338. 

56. 

443, 510. 

201,240,418,538,540. 

310, 510. 

540. 

310. 

310. 

211,239, 240, 284, 1542. 

310. 

56. 

240, 310, 342, 540. 

342. 

338 342. 

3,112,310,462,510,540. 

165, 223, 240, 299, 510. 

540. 

136, 211,462. 

56, 74, 130, 136, 222, 223, 239, 240, 
284, 310, 383, 4:36, 462, 540. 

57, 74, 130, 201, 239, 240, 284, 310, 338, 
418, 462, 465. 

310, 540. 
3. 
74. 

344, 465. 
211. 
3, X. 

310, 354, 538. 
3. 354. 

26, 41, 57, 130, 155, 201, 211, 223, 239, 
310, 338, 342, 344, 510, 533, 538, 540. 
310. 
165, 201. 

130, 211, 222, 239, 284, 310, 342, 344, 

436, 462, 465, 540. 
175, 211. 

57, 201, 223, 310, 510, 540. 
240, 540. 
223. 
462. 

201, 222, 240, 538, 540. 
3. 

3, 540. 
3. 

284. 

443, 533. 
130, 201, 211, 2.39, 240, 284, 44, 383, 

418, 443. 
33S. 
223. 

240i 310, 338, 344, 538, 540. 
3, 240, 338. 
165, 354. 
56, 74, 112, 130, 165, 211, 222, 223, 

239, 240, 284, 310, 462, 538, 540. 
284. 

201, 412. 
338 
20l", 240, 510. 

56, 240, 338, 418. 

240. 

240. 

3. 

56, 57, 201, 211, 223, 239, 240, 284, 338, 

342, 456, 510, 5.38, 540. 
165, 240. 



94 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 15B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Lakes and toners for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Product 



Manufacturers' identification 

number? (according to list 

in table 26) 



LAKES OR LAKE COLORS— Continued 

*Yellow lakes: 

Auramine (C. I. 655) 

*Fast light yellow (C. 1.636) 

Hansa yellow _ . 

•Naphthol yellows (C. I. 10) 

Quercitron (Flavine) (C. 1. 1251) 

*Quinoline yellow (C. L 801). ___ 

•Tartrazine (C. 1.640) 

TONERS OR FULL-STRENGTH COLORS 

Black toners: 

PMA Black 

PTA Black 

•Blue toners: 

♦Alkali blue (C. I. 704) 

Dianisidine blue 

Indan threne blue 

Indanthrene blue BCS (C. I. 1114). ._ 

Indanthrene blueGCD (C. L 1113). 

•PMA Setoglaucine (Peacock blue G) (C. I. 658) 

♦PTA Setoglaucine (Peacock blue O) (C. I. 658) 

'PTMA Setoglaucine (Peacock blue G) (C. I. 658) 

PTA Peacock blue OG 

•PTA Peacock blue R (C. 1.664) 

•PTMA Peacock blue R (C. I. 664) 

•Phthalocyanine blue B (Pr. 281) 

Phthalocyanine blue B, resinated 

Phthalocyanine blue B, water-dispersible 

Phthalocyanine blue, other 

Pigment blue WNL . 

•PMA Victoria blue B (C. I. 729) 

•PTA Victoria blue B (C. I. 729) 

•PTMA Victoria blue B (C. I. 729) 

PTMA Victoria blue BGO (Pr. 129) 

PMA Victoria blue R (C. I. 728) 

PTA Victoria blue R (C. I. 728) 

PTMA Victoria blue R (C. I. 728) 

•PMA Victoria pure blue B (Pr. 198) 

•PTA Victoria pure blue B (Pr. 198) 

•PTMA Victoria pure blue B (Pr. 198) 

All other _ 

Brown toners: 

Havana brown 

Para brown 

PMA Brown 

•Green toners: 

•PMA Brilliant green (C. I. 662) 

•PTA Brilliant green (C. I. 662) 

•PTMA Brilliant green (C. L 662) 

•PMA Brilliant green (C. I. 662) and thioflavine (C. L 815) 

•PT.A- Brilliant green (C. I. 662) and thioflavine (C. I. 815) 

•PTMA Brilliant green (C. L 662) and thioflavine (C. L 815) 

•PMA Malachite green (C. I. 657) 

•PTA Malachite green (C. I. 657) 

•PTMA Malachite green (C. L 657) 

•PMA Malachite green (C. I. 657) and thioflavine (C. I. 815) 

•PTA Malachite green (C. I. 657) and thioflavine (C. L 815) 

•PTMA Malachite green (C. I. 657) and thioflavine (C. 1. 815). .. 

PMA Peacock blue GO and thioflavine 

Phthalocyanine green (Pr. 284) 

Phthalocyanine green GWD, water-dispersible 

Phthalocyanine green and zinc yellow... 

•Pigment green B toner (Pr. 149) 

Another 

•Maroon toners: 

Hello Bordeaux (Lithosol Bordeaux 2BL) (C. I. 84) 

Helio Bordeaux BL (Pr. 110) 

•/3-Hydroxynaphthoic maroon (B. O. N. Maroon) (Lithol maroon) 



338, 342. 

57, 112, 211, 223, 239, 342, 538. 
3. 

239, 299, 310, 344, 538. 
310. 

57, 1.55,211,310,344,5.38. 
26, 57, 155, 201, 211, 223, 239, 310, 338, 
342, 344, 354, 418, 465, 533, 538, 540. 



338, 344, 538. 

222, 338. 

26, 223, 241, 344, 418, 456, 462. 

465. 

74. 

465. 

211. 

310, 354. 

.338. 

201, 211, 223, 240, 284, 299, 310, 342, 

344, 533. 
310. 

310, 338. 
344, 418, 5.38. 
130, 211, 229, 239, 284, 310, 342, 350, 

403, 418, 462, 465. 
130. 
130. 

20, 229, 284, 465, 533. 
229. 
26. 354. 

130, 240, 284, 338, 462. 
152, 211, 222, 239, 240, 418, 443. 
533. 
354. 
533. 
223. 

240i 310, 418, 456. 
240, 338, 538. 
57, 211, 240, 299, 310, 342, 344, 456, 

465, 540. 
165, 201, 223,240. 

354. 

223, 533. 
3. 

26, 57, 222, 354. 

26, 165, 338, 462. 

57, 201, 211, 222, 223, 239, 240, 284, 

299, 310, 344, 456, 533, 538. 
299, 310. 

201, 342, 465, 5.33. 
157. 211. 239, 284. 299, 310, 338, 344, 

533, 538, 540. 
26, 338, 418. 
26, 240, 338, 538. 
152, 211, 239, 240, 209, 310, 342, 344, 

418. 
310, 338. 540. 
284, 538. 
342, 418, 5.33. 
310. 

1.30, 211, 229, 284, 418, 465. 
1.30. 
211. 

229, 284, 462. 
240, 462. 

310, 443. 

201, 211, 229, 540. 

74, 130, 211, 222, 2;?9, 284, 310, .38;?, 
436, 443, 462, 465. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



95 



Table 15B.- — Synthetic organic chemicals: Lakes and toners for which United States 
Tproduction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Product 



TONERS OR FULL-STRENGTH COLORS— Continued 

*Maroon toners— Continued 

Indanthrene maroon 

Lithol red 30, manganese toner. _ 

Naphthol AS-n (Pr. 306) 

NaphthoJ AS-OL maroons 

*C. I. 82, a-Naphthylamine maroon 

*Toluidine maroon 

*Orange toner?: 

•Benzidine orange 

Dianisidine orange 

*2,4-Dinitroaniline orange 

Lithosol fast orange R 

Naphthol AS 

*o-Nitroaniline orange 

Vulcan fast orange O 

Vulcan fast orange GRN 

Allother_.._ 

'Red toners: 

Azo red 

Bona-arylamine 

*o-Chloronitroaruline red (Chlorinated para red) 

p-C hloronitroaniline red 

*Eosine (Bromo acid toner) (C. I. 768) 

Gentex red DP 

Gentexred RP 

Helio fast pink RLA (Pr. Ill) 

Helio fast rubine 4BLA 

Helio red RMTA (Pr. 112) 

•Lithol red R toners (C. I. 189): 
•Barium toner 

•Calcium toner 

•Sodium toner 

Rubber red strontium 

Another 

Lithol red 2G (C. I. 166) 

•Lithol rubine B (C. I. 163) 

•Lithosol red 2B 

Lithosol red CSP 

PTA Magenta AB (C. I. 677) 

Naphthanil type 

•Naphthol AS (Pr. 302) 

Naphthol AS-BS (Pr. 305) 

Naphthol AS-D (Pr. 306) 

•C. I. 44, Para red, light 

•Para red, dark 

Permanent red 

•Permanent red 2B 

Permanent red FBLA, FBT, FEL, FKB, FKR ex., KBN 

•Pigment rubine 3G 

Pigment scarlet 3B 

PNOT Red 

Pyrazolone red 

•Red lake C (C. I. 165) 

Red lake D (C. 1.214) 

•PMA Rhodamine B (C. I. 749) 

•PTA Rhodamine B (C. L 749) 

•PTMA Rhodamine B (C. I. 749) 

PMA Rhodamine CG (C. L 752) 

•PTA Rhodamine 6G (C. I. 752) 

•PTMA Rhodamine 6G (C. 1.752) 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



211, 465. 

284. 

310, 462, 465. 

462, 465. 

74, 130, 310. 

74, 239, 284, 310, 383, 462, 465. 

310, 344, 462, 465. 

310, 465. 

74, 223, 239, 241, 310, 443, 462, 533, 

540. 
211. 
462. 

130, 241, 299, 310, 418, 462, 533. 504. 
229, 462. 
229. 
290- 

383 

241,' 284, 310. 

130, 201, 223. 239, 241, 299, 310, 344, 

383, 443, 462, 533, 540. 
130, 211, 284, 310, 462, 540. 
26, 57, 155, 201, 223, 299, 344, 456. 
229. 
229. 
229. 

229, 240. 
229. 

26, 41, 201, 211, 222, 223, 239, 241, 284, 

299, 310, 338, 344, 354, 383, 418, 462, 

533. 
26, 41, 201, 211, 223, 239, 241, 284, 299, 

310, 338, 344, 354, 383, 418, 436, 

462, 5.33. 
211, 223, 241, 299, 344, 418, 462, 533. 
462. 
130. 
462. 
57. 74, 130, 201, 211, 239, 240, 284, 299, 

310, 338, 344, 354, 383, 418, 462. 

465, 533, .538. 
201, 211, 240, 383, 465. 
284. 
344. 
284. 

223, 299, 338, 462, 540. 
223, 299, 310, 462. 
211. 
26, 41, 130, 165, 211, 222, 223, 239, 240, 

241, 299, 310, 344, 354, 383, 418, 

436, 465, 533, 540. 
26, 41, 74, 130, 165, 211, 222, 223, 239, 

240, 241, 284, 299, 310, 344, 354, 
383, 418, 436, 465, 533, 540. 

465. 

130, 284, 299, 310, 344, 418, 533. 

229. 

201, 211, 229, 338. 

229. 

310. 

465. 

26, 41, 155, 201, 211, 222, 223, 239, 

241, 299, 310, 338, 344, 354, 418, 
462, 465, 533. 

26, 344, 443. 

26. 338, 462. 

284, 338. 

201, 211, 223, 239, 240, 299, 310, 342, 

344, 354, 418, 456, 465, 540. 
338 

338! 456, 462, 533. 
57, 201, 211, 223, 239, 240, 284, 299, 

310, 342, 344, 354, 418, 456, 465, 540. 



96 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 15B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Lakes and toners for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Product 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



TONERS OR FULL-STRENGTH COLORS— Continued 

Red toners — Continued 

RubineSQ 

Scarlet 2R _ 

•C. I. 69, Toluidine red 

Toluidine red and toluidine maroon 

Vulcan fast red B 

Vulcan fast red BBE 

All other 

Violet toners: 

PTA Crystal violet (C. I. 681) 

•PMA Methyl violet B (C. 1.680) 

•PTA Methyl violet B (C. I. 680) . 

•PTMA Methyl violet B (C. I. 680)... _ 

♦Methyl violet B (C. I. 680), fugitive 

•Yellow toners: 
•Benzidine yellow 

Oentex vellow ONP._ 

•Pr. 103, Hansa yellow O 

Hansa yellow2Q. 

Hansa vellow 3Q _ _ ___ 

•Pr. 104," Hansa yellow 50 . 

•Pr. 105, Hansa yellow lOQ 

Hansa yellow 1.3 O 

Hansa yellow M 

•Pr. 280, Hansa vellow 3R 

Indanthrene vellow Q (C. I. 1118). 

Indanthrene vellow OK (C. I. 1132) 

Litholfast yellow 30D 

Lithol fast yellow GO toner (C. I. 14) (p-Chloro-o-nitroaniline 
yellow toner) . 

Lithol yellow G 

Lithosol yellow G 

EXTENDED OR REDUCED TONERS 

Blue toners, reduced: 
Indanthrene blue GCD (C. I. 1113) 

•PTA Peacock blue R (C. 1.664) 

•PTMA Peacock blue R (C. I. 664) 

Phthalocyanine blue B (Pr. 181) 

Phthalocyanine blue O (Pr. 182) 

Phthalocyanine blue SBL (Pr. 183) 

Phthalocyanine blue R 

•PTA Setoglaucine (Peacock blue G) (C. I. 658) 

•PTMA Setoglaucine (Peacock blue G) (C. I. 658) 

•PMA Victoria blue B (C. 1.729) 

•PTA Victoria blue B (C. I. 729) 

•PTMA Victoria blue B (C. I. 729) 

PTA Victoria blue R (C. I. 728) 

PMA Victoria pure blue B (Pr. 198) 

Victoria blue, tannic 

All other 

Green toners, reduced: 

•PTA Brilliant green (C. I. 662) 

•PTMA Brilliant green (C. 1.662). _ 

PTMA Brilliant green and benzidine vellow (C. I. 662) 

•PMA Brilliant green (C. I. 662) and thinflavine (C. I. 815) 

•PTMA Brilliant green (C. I. 662) and thioflavine (C. I. 815). 

PMA Malachite green (C. I. 657)... 

PTA Malachite green (C. I. 657) 

PTMA Malachite green (C. I. 657) 

PMA Malachite green (C. I. 657) and thioflavine (C. I. 815) 

Phthalocyanine green (Pr. 284).. 

Pigment green B (Pr. 149) 

Shamrock green 

Another 



310. 
344. 
26, 74, 130, 165, 201, 211, 222, 223, 239, 

241, 284, 299, 310. 344, 354, 383, 418, 

436, 462, 465, 533. 540. 
74. 
229. 

229. 465. 
201, 240. 

284. 

26, 57, 130, 152, 239, 240, 310, 342, 344, 

354, 418, 436, 456, 462, 533, 538, 

540. 
57, 240. 284 299. 338. 462. 538. 
57, 201, 211, 222, 223, 239, 240, 241, 

299, 310, 342, 344, 37^, 418, 456, 465. 
26, 57, 152, 211, 223, 240, 241, 310, 338, 

344,379.418,533. 

26, 57, 211, 223, 239, 284, 310, 344, 383, 

418, 443, 452, 465, 5.33. 
229. 
26, 57, 130, 211, 223, 284, 310, 344, 354, 

418, 443, 465. 533, 540. 
462. 

462, 540. 

418.443.5.33,540. 

211. 310 344, 418. 443, 462, 465, 540 
465, 540. 
462. 

229. 418. 443, 465, 
465. 
4^5. 
284. 
229. 

229. 

284. 



465. 

338 

201^310,344, 418,538. 

74, 130, 211, 239, 284, 338, 383, 465. 

74, 130, 412. 

74. 

222, 284. 

338. 

239, 240, 284, 310, 344, 456. 
56, 240, 538. 

240, 284, 310. 
211, 239, 240, 389. 
310, 338. 

310, 418. 

222. 

240. 

284, .338. 

240, 310, 540. 

57. 

130, 338. 

239, 342, 344. 

56, 338. 

56, 538. 

56, 240. 

56, 310. 

130, 222, 284, ,383, 540. 

284, 412. 

462, 540. 

240. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



97 



Table 15B. — Syyithetic organic chemicals: Lakes and toners for which United States 
., production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Product 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



EXTENDED OR REDUCED TONERS— Continued 

Maroon toners, reduced: 

Bona-arylamine 

Helio Bordeaux BL 

•0-Hydroxynaphthoic maroon (B. O. N. Maroon) (Lithol maroon) 

C. I. 82, a-Naphthylamine maroon 

p-Phenetidin maroon 

Toluidine maroon 

Orange toners, reduced: 

2, 4-Dinitroaniline orange 

Lithosol orange OTP 

o-Xitroaniline orange 

Another 

'Red toners, reduced: 

Azo red 

Brilliant lake M _■ 

•o-Chloronitroaniline red (Chlorinated para red) 

p-Chloronitroaniline red 

Dianisidine-phenylmethylpyrazolone 

Eostne (Bromo acid toner) (C. I. 768) 

•Lithol red R toners (C. I. 189): 
'Barium toner 

•Calcium toner 

•Sodium toner 

•Lithol rubine B (C. 1. 163) 

Lithosol red 2B 

•C. I. 44, Para red, light 

•Para red, dark 

Permanent red 2B 

•Red lake C (C. I. 165) 

Red lake D (C. I. 214) 

•PMA Rhodamine B (C. I. 749) 

•PTA Rhodamine B (C. I. 749) 

•PTMA Rhodamine B (C. I. 749) 

Rhodamine B, other (C. I. 749) 

•PMA Rhodamine 60 (C. L 752). 

•PTA Rhodamine 6G (C. I. 752) 

•PTMA Rhodamine 60 (C. I. 752) 

Rubine 30 

•C. I. 69, Toluidine red. _ 

Another 

Violet toners, reduced: 

PMA Crystal violet 

PMA Ethyl violet (C. I. 682) 

PTA Ethyl violet (C. I. 682) 

PTMA Ethyl violet (C. 1.682) 

•PMA Methvl violet B (C. I. 680) 

•PTA Methvl violet B (C. I. 680) 

•PTMA Methvl violet B (C. I. 680) 

Methyl violet B (C. I. 680), fugitive 

Yellow toners, reduced: 

Benzidine yellow 

•Pr. 103, Uansa yellow Q 

Pr. 104, Hansa yellow 5G 

Pr. 105, Hansa yellow lOG 

DRY, FLUSHED, AND PULP FORMS 

Alkali blue toner (C. I. 704): 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 

Benzidine yellow toner: 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 

Eosine (C . I. 768) and phloxine (C. I. 774) toners: 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 



284. 
211. 

56, 211, 284. 
130, 239, 412. 
130. 

383, 465. 

338, 412. 

284. 

130, 338, 462. 

299. 

383. 

465. 

310, 338, 412, 540. 

284. 

284. 

344. 

201, 211, 222, 239, 284, 299, 338, 344, 

418, 538. 
211, 299,344, 418. 
130, 299, 418. 

239, 240, 284, 310, 338, 344, 383, 538. 
211. 
26, 74, 130, 211, 222, 240, 310, 354, 

436, X. 
130, 211, 222, 240, 310, 354, 418, 540. 
130, 284, 299, 418. 
130, 201, 211, 299, 344, 418. 
344. 
338. 
222, 284, 338. 

57, 211, 239, 240, 344. 
222. 

338. 
338. 
239, 240, 284, 344, 540. 

239, 284. 

130, 211, 222, 284, 310, 338, 403, 418, 
462, 540, X. 

240, 299. 

310. 

310, 3.38. 

310, 338. 

456. 

240i 310, 3.38, 354, 540. 

240, 284, 299, 310. 

211, 239, 240, 344, 389, 538. 

222, 223, 240. 

310, 462. 

284, 310, 338. 412, 462. 

310. 

540. 



223 462. 

26, 223, 241, 344, 418, 456, 462. 

223, 241, 462. 

57, 211, 223, 310, 344, 383, 418, 443, 

462, 465, 5.33. 
57, 344, 418, 465, 533. 
310, 465, 533. 

26, 57, 155, 201, 223, 299, 344, 443. 
26, 57, 299, 344, 456, 5.33. 
533, 540. 



98 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 15B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Lakes and toners for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Product 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



DRY, FLUSHED, AND PULP FORMS— Continued 

Lithol red, barium toner: 
Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 

Lithol red, calcium toner: 
Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 

Lithol red, sodium toner: 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 

Methyl violet B (C. I. 680), fugitives 
Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 

Methyl violet B (C. I. 680), permanent (PMA, PTA, and PTMA) : 
Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 

Peacock blue (C. I. 671), fugitive: 
Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 

Toluidine red toner (C. I. 69): 
Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp form __ 



26, 201, 211, 222, 223, 241, 284, 299, 

310, 344, 354, 383, 418, 462, 533. 
26, 299, 344, 418, 462, 533. 
284, 299, 310, 354, 418, 462, 533. 

26, 201, 211, 223, 241, 299, 310, 383, 

354, 418, 462, 533. 
299, 418, 462, 533. 
299, 310, 338, 354, 462, 533. 

211, 223, 241, 299, 418, 462, 533. 
299, 418, 462, 533. 
462, 533. 

57, 211, 222, 223, 299, 310, 338, 344, 

418, 533. 
26, 57, 241, 344, 418, 45S, 533. 
310, 510, 533, 540. 

201, 211, 222, 223, 338, 342, 344, 354, 

418, 462, 465, 540. 
152, 223, 239, 241, 344, 418, 462, 533. 
338, 354, 418, 462, 533. 

26, 57, 155, 201, 223, 299, 310, 338, 342, 

344, 383, 443, 533, 540. 
26, 57, 152, 344, 533. 
354, 510, 533, 540. 

74, 130, 201, 211, 222, 223, 241, 284, 
299, 310, 354, 383, 418, 462, 465, 533, 
540. 

418, 462, 533. 

165, 211, 284, 310, 344, 354, 418, 462, 
465, 533, 540. 



Medi 



cinals 



Table 17B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Medi cinals for which United States pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 

[Medicinals for which separate statistics are given in table 17A are marked below with an asterisk (*); 
medicinals not so marked do not appear in table 17A because the reported data are confidential and may 
not be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from table 26. An X 
signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number with the 
designated product] 



Chemical 


Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 


MEDICINALS, CYCLIC 
Bemenoid 


117, 219, 250, 487. 


Acetol salicylate (l-Hydro,xy-2-propanone salicylate) _ . 


162. 


•Acetophenetidin (Phenacetin) _. 


219, 250, 487. 


4-Acetoxy-m-arsanilic acid 

2-Acetoxy-4-di-isobutylphenol _ -_ _ 


199. 
331. 


Acetyl-p-aminophenol ... ---. 


453. 


Acetyl-p-aminophenyl salicylate (Phenetsal) 


414, 453. 


Acetylglycol salicylate 


345. 


N-Acetyl-4-hydroxy-m-arsanilic acid (Acetarsone) (Stovarsol) 

•Acetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin) 

•Acetyltannic acid (Tannigen) (Tannyl acetate) - 


199, 336, 497. 

197, 219, 454, 487, X. 

81, 162, 199, 528. 


Amino acids: 
3,5-Dibromotyrosine -- 


528. 

227, 466, 528. 


d-Phenylalanine 


199. 


dl-Phenylalanine - 


336, 509. 


1-Tyrosine 


313, 336, 509. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 194 8 



99 



Table 17B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which United States pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



MEDICI>JALS, CYCLIC— Continued 
Benzenoid— Continued 

*p-Aminobenzoic acid 

•p-Aminobenzoic acid, sodium salt 

*p-Aminobenzoic acid derivatives: 

n-Amylaminoethyl p-aminobenzoate hydrochloride (Amylcaine) . . 

n-Butyl p-aminobenzoate (Butesin) 

Di-(n-butyl p-aminobenzoate) trinitrophenol (Butesin picrate) 

3-Di-n-butylaminopropyl p-aminobenzoate (Butacaine base) 

3-Di-n-butylaminopropyI p-aminobenzoate sulfate (Butacaine 

sulfate). 
/3-Diethylaminoethyl p-aminobenzoate, base and derivatives: 

Procaine base (Novocaine base) 

Procaine borate.. 

•Procaine hydrochloride 

a-Dimethylainino-a,^-Dimethylpropyl p-aminobenzoate hydro- 
chloride. 

Dimethylaminoethyl p-butylaminobenzoate (Tetracaine) 

•Ethyl p-aminobenzoate (Benzocaine) (Anaesthesin) 

Isobutyl p-aminobenzoate 

Isobutylaminoethyl p-aminobenzoate (Monocaine) 

Propyl p-aminobenzoate.- 

p-.4minohippuric acid 

3-Amino-4-hydroxyphenyldichloroarsine hydrochloride (Dichloro- 

phenarsine hydrochloride) (Chlorarsen). 
3-.'Vmino-4-hydroxyphenylarsine oxide hydrochloride (Mapharsen) . . 

4-Amino-2-methyl-l-naptithol hydrochloride (Synkamin) 

4-.\mino-4'-nitrodiphenylsulfone 

p- Am inosalicylic acid 

4-.\minosalicylic acid 

6-n- Amyl-4-carboxycresol 

Arecoline hydrobromide (Methyl 1,2,5,6-tetrahydro-l-methyl nic- 
otinate hydrobromide). 

Arsanilic acid and salt 

Arsphenamine base 

Atropine, synthetic, and salts 

Atropine methyl bromide 

Atropine methyl nitrate 

Benzaldehyde 

Benzilic acid (Diphenyl glycollc acid) 

Benzoic acid 

•Benzoic acid salts (medicinal grade only): 

Ammonium benzoate 

Calcium benzoate 

Lithium benzoate 

Magnesium benzoate 

•Benzyl alcohol (medicinal grade only) 

p-Benzylphenyl carbamate (Diphenon) 

Benzyl succinate 

Bismuth ^-naphthol 

Bismuth salicylic acid 

•Bismuth subgallate 

•Bismuth subsalicylate 

Bismuth tetrabromopyrocatechol 

Bismuth tribromophenate 

Bisphenylpropylethylamine 

m-Bromoacetophenyl benzoate (Neoxyn) 

tert-Butylcresol 

Calcium benzyl phthalate 

Calcium cresolsulfonate 

Calcium iodoxybenzoate 

p-Carbamidobenzenearsonic acid (Carbasone) 

0-Chloroethyldibenzylamine hydrochloride 

Chloromercuri-4-nitro-o-cresol 

Chlorothymol 

Colchicine salicylate 

Coumarin-3-carboxylic acid 

m-Cresyl acetate (Cresatin) 

a-o-Cresyl glyceryl ether 

p-Cyclohexyloxybenzoic acid 

•Desoxyephedrine base 

•Desoxyephedrine hydrochloride 

Diacetylaminoazotoluene 

p,p'-Diaminodiphenylsulfone-N,N'-di (dextrose sodium sulfonate).. . 

2,5-Diaminotoluene sulfate 

7-Diethylaminopropyl cirmamate hydrochloride (Apothesine) 



81, 162, 336, 348, 356, 466. 
466. 

154. 

81, 345, 497. 

497. 

497. 

100, 497. 



199, 356, 497. 

300. 

81, 199, 269, 300, 356, 466, 497. 

199. 

199. 

151] 199, 255, 336, 345, 497. 

81, 345. 

154. 

345. 

350. 

199, 518. 



518. 
518. 
350. 
426. 
336. 
242. 
336. 



162, 336, 528. 

497. 

256. 

245, 256, 426. 

528. 

84, 484. 

466. 

118, 219. 

162. 

162. 

81, 117, 162. 

348. 

151, 256, 392. 

204. 

81, 348. 

146, 162, 336. 

336. 

146, 162, 225, 270, 336. 

146. 270, 336. 

162, 528. 

146, 336. 

345. 

487. 

345. 

81, 453. 

199. 

151. 

157, 204, 269, 426, 528. 

392. 

497. 

336, 488. 

245. 

426. 

192. 

345. 

269. 

157, 345, 414. 

157, 204, 345, 356, 394, 414, 466, 528. 

162, 350, 426. 

518. 

441. 

518. 



100 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 17B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which United States pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Benztnoid — Continued 

Diethylstilbestrol 

Diethylstilbestrol dipropionate 

3,4-Dihydroxyantliranol ( Anthralin) 

m-Dihydroxy-di-sec-hexylbenzene (Dihexylin) 

3,4-Dihydroxy-o-methylaminoacetophenone iiydrochloride 

2,4-Di(p-hydroxyphenyl)-3-ethylhexane (Benzestrol) _ _ _ 

3,4-Di-p-hydroxyphenyl-n-liexane (Ilexestrol) 

3,4-Diliydroxyphenylpropanolamine Iiydrochloride 

0-(3,5-Di-iodo-4-hydroxyphenyl)-a-phenylpropionic acid 

Dimethoxystilhestrol 

l-Dimethylamino-2-(dimethylaminomethyl)-2-butanol benzoate hy- 
drochloride (Alypin hydrochloride). 

dl-Pimethylaminoethanol catechol (Methadron) 

N,N-Dimethyl-6-amino-4,4-diphenylheptanone hydrochloride (Do- 

lophine). 
N,\'-Dimethylaminoraethylphenylphosphinous acid, sodium salt... 

3,5-Dimethyl-4-hydroxy benzaldehyde 

Diphenylacotic acid _ 

Dipheiiylat'i'tyldiethylaminoethanol hydrochloride 

2,2-l^iphrini-^-dimethylaminovaleronitrile 

Diphi'inihcptanone (Methadon"! 

5,5-niphenylhydantoin 

5,5-DiphenyIhydantoin, sodium (Dilantin) 

Disodi um acetarsonate 

Disodium-4-sulfamino-2-azo-7-acetylamino-l-hydroxynaphthalene-3,- 

6-disulfonate (Prontosil, soluble). 
•Dyes, medicinal: 

Acri violet 

Brilliant ereen 

3,6-Diaminoacridine dihydrochloi ide 

3,6-Diaminoacridine sulfate (Proflavine) 

3,6-Diamino-lO-methylacridine chloride (Acriflavine) 

Dibromohydroxymercurifluorescein, sodium salt (Mercurochrome) 

Gentian violet 

Methylene blue 

Methyl violet 

Scarlet red (Phenol red) 

Tetraiodophenolphthalein and sodium salt 

Trypan blue 

1-Ephedrine, synthetic, and salts 

Ephedrine and salts, racemic 

Ephedrine derivatives: Ephedrine ethylmercurithiosalicylate 

n-E thylophedrine hydrochloride 

EthyliodophenyUmdecylate (Pantopaque) 

Formaldehyde sulfoxyiate diaminodiphenylsulfonedisodium (Dia- 
zone). 

Gallic acid 

Germanin 

Guaiacol, liquid and crystalline 

Hexyliesorcinol 

Homoveratroyl homo veratrylamine 

Hydroquinone n-amyl ether (Amol) 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid esters: 

Benzyl p-hydroxy benzoate -._ 

n-Butyl p-hydroxy benzoate (Butoben) 

Ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

Methyl p-hydroxyhenzoate 

Propyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

Hydroxymercuri-4-nitro-o-cresol anhydride 

4-Hydroxy-3-nitrobenzenearsonic acid 

p-Hydroxyphenylisopropylamine hydrobromide 

^-(4-Hydro\yphenyl) propionic acid" 

o-Hydroxypheny Imercuric chloride 

Lactyl-p-phenetidine 

Lithium benzosalicylate 

Lithium hippurate 

Mandelic acid 

Mandelic acid salts: 

Ammonium mandelate 

Calcium mandelate 

Sodium mandelate 

N-Methylacetanilid (Exolgin) 

p-M ethyl benzaldehyde 

1-Methylaminoethanol catechol (Epinephrine) .. ^.-- 



204, 269, 411, 42.5, X. 

199. 

497. 

518. 

199. 

223. 

314. 

199. 

494. 

411. 

199. 

431. 
269. 

199. 

242. 

466. 

177. 

269. 

270, 336, X. 

345, 453. 528. 

263, 336, 414, 528. 

199. 

199. 



350. 

350. 

270, 497. 

270, 350, 497. 

350, 497. 

160, 346. 

350. 

?23, 350. 

350. 

350. 

151, 204, 270, 350. 

350. 

336. 

336. 

269. 

314. 

441. 

497. 

270. 

199. 

219, 484. 

157, 192, 199. 426, 453, 528. 

345. 

192. 

345, 484. 

345, 484. 

345, 484. 

345, 484. 

345, 484. 

497. 

336. 

216. 

345. 

204, ,541, X. 

162. 

336. 

518. 

270, 336. 

162, 425. 

270, 336. 

270. 

162, 528. 

242. 

199, 256, 356. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



101 



Table 17B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which United States pro' 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Bemenoid — Continued 

4-(2-Methylaminoethyl)pyrocatechol (Epinine) 

Methyl m-amino-p-hydroxybenzoate ( Orthoform) 

Methylene disalicylic acid derivative (Formadine) 

Monoethanolamine mandelate 

0-Naphthol 

•/S-Naphthyl benzoate 

^-Naphth y 1 salicylate 

*Neoarsphenaniine _ 

Phenacaine hydrochloride ([Di-p-ethoxyphenyl]acetamidine) 

Phenarsine hydrochloride 

Phenolph thaiein 

Phenolsulfonic acid salts: 

Ammonium phenolsulfonate 

Calcium phenolsulfonate 

Copper phenolsulfonate 

Sodium phenolsulfonate 

Z inc phenolsulfonate 

/3-Phenylisopropylamine base (Methylphenethylamine) 

/3-Phenylisopropylamine hydrochloride 

/3-Phenyliso propylamine phosphate ._- 

/3-Phenylisopropylamine sulfate (Benzedrine sulfate) 

Phenyl mercuric derivatives: 

Pheny Imercurie acetate 

Phenylmercuric benzoate 

Phen j'lmercuric borate 

Phenylmercuric chloride 

Phenylmercuric hydroxide 

Phen J'lmercuric nitrate - 

Phenylmercuric phthlate 

Phenylmercuric salicylate 

Phenylpropanolamine hydrochloride (Propadrin hydrochloride) 

j3-Phenyl-n-propylmethylamine 

Phenyl salicylate (Salol) 

Propeny 1 methyl guaethol 

Quinine bismuth iodide 

Resorcinol monoacetate 

Salicylamide 

'Salicylic acid 

*Salicyhc acid salts: 

Ammonium salicylate 

Calcium salicylate 

Lithium salicylate 

Magnesium salicylate 

Sodium salicylate 

Strontium salicylate .-. 

Salicylsalicylic acid 

Silver picrate 

Sodium p-aminophenylarsonate 

Sodium antimony III bis-catechol-2,4-disulfonate (Fouadin) 

Sodium benzyl succinate 

Sodium dimethylaminoethylphenylphosphenate 

Sodium p-ethylmercurithiophenylsulfonate 

Sodium eth y Imercurithiosalicylate 

Sodium o-iodohippurate (Hippuran) 

Sodium methylenesulfonaminohydroxyphenyl arsonate (Aldarsone) 

Sodium p-toluenesulfonchloramine (Chloramine T) 

Stilbamine glucoside (Neostam). 

•Sulfa drugs: 

4-Ainino-4'-(dimethylsulfamyl)benzenesulfonanilide (Uliron) 

Benzoylsulfanilamide 

p-Benzylaminobenzenesulfonamide 

X«-Phthalylsulfa-acetamide 

Phthalylsulfat hiazole 

Succinylsulfath iazole 

*Sulfa-acetamide (X - Acetylsulfanilamide) 

Sulfa-acetamide, sodium salt 

Sulfadiazine 

Sulfadiazine, sodium salt 

Sulfadimethyldiazine 

Sulfadimethyldiazine, sodium salt 

Sulfaguanidine 

Sulfallantoin _ 

Sulfamerazine (2-Sulfanilamido-4-methylpyrimidine) 

Sulfamerazine, sodium salt 



204. 
199. 

484. 

269. 

453 

263! 336, 414, 453, 466, 528. 

426. 

199, 336, 425, 497. 

100, 199. 

425, 497. 
219. 

336, 487. 

270, 336. 

270, 336. 

270, 336, 487. 

270, 336, 487. 

216, 235, 345, 414. 

414. 

414, 466. 

216, 345. 

47, 541. 

47,541. 

47,541. 

47. 

47. 

47,541. 

541. 

47, 541. 

192. 

345. 

487. 

345. 

426, 528. 
348, 441, 453. 
162,391, 487. 
219, 484, 487, 533. 

270, 487. 

81, 162, 270. 487. 

117, 162. 

162, ?70, 487. 

219, 484, 487. 

162, 270, 484, 487. 

81, 335. 

426. 

162. 

199. 

348. 466. 

52S. 

269. 

269. 

270. 

497. 

219. 

204. 

199. 

223. 

199. 

494. 

219, 420. 

219, 420. 

223, 336, 494. 

494. 

223. 

223. 

223. 

223. 

223. 

163. 

223. 

223. 



102 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 17B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinal s for which United States pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Benzenoid—CoaVmned 

•Sulfa drugs— Continued 

Sulfanilamide (p-Aminobenzenesulfonamide) 

Sulfapyridine 

Sulfapyridine, sodium salt 

Sulfaquinoxaline 

*Sulfathiazole 

Sulfathiazole, sod ium salt .. 

Sulfoarsphenamine 

'Tannin albuminate (Tannalbin) ..... 

Tannin-formaldehyde (Tannoform) 

Tannin-yeast 

Thiophenaldehyde 

Thiosalicylic acid _ 

Thymol 

*Thymol iodide 

3-(o-Toloxy)-l,2-propanediol 

Tryparsamide. 

Tyramine ethanesulfonate 

Vitamins: 

K (Menadione) (2-Methyl-l,4-naphthoquinone) 

Kf(2-Methyl-l,4-naphthoquinone)diphosphoric ester tetra sodium 
salt] (Thyloquinine^ . 

Ki (2-Methyl-3-phytyl-l,4-naphthoquinone"l 

Zinc sulfanilate 

Zinc 2,6-di-iodo-l-phenol-4 sulfonic acid (Zinc sozoiodolate) 

Alkyclic and Heterocyclic 

Adenine, base 

Adenine hydrochloride 

Adenine sulfate 

Adenosine 

Adenylic acid 

Allantoin (5-Ureidohydantoin) ........ 

•Amino acids: 

Histamine, base 

Histamine dihydrochloride. 

Histamine phosphate 

1-Histidine 

Histidine monohydrochloride 

l-Hydroxyproline. 

1- Proline. 

1-Tryptophane 

dl-Try ptophane _._ 

Aminopyrine salicylate. _ 

Antipyrine 

•Antipyrine salicylate 

Atropine amineoxide hydrochloride 

Aureomycin-hydrochloride 

Bacitracin 

Barbituric acid 

•Barbituric acid derivatives: 

5-Allyl-5-cyclopentenylbarbituric acid and salt. - 

5-Allyl-5-isopropylbarbituric acid 

5-Allyl-5-isopropyl barbiturate calcium 

5-Allyl-5-isopropyl barbiturate sodium 

Aminopyrine diethylbarbiturate (Veramon) (Peralga) 

5-n-Butyl-.5-ethylbarbituric acid 

5-Cyclohexanyl-5-ethylbarbituric acid and salt 

Diallyl barbiturate amino pyrene 

5,5-Diallylbarbituric acid 

5,5-Diethylbarbituric acid (Barbital) 

*5,5-Diethylbarbituric acid, sodium salt. 

5-Ethyl-5-(sec)-butylbarbituric acid and salt 

5-Ethyl-5-n-hexylbarbituric acid, sodium salt 

5-Ethyl-5-isoamylbarbituric acid and salt 

5-Ethyl-5-isopropylbarbituric acid and salt 

5-Ethyl-5-(l-methylbutilidene-l)barbituric acid (Delvinal) 

5-Ethyl-5-(l-methyl-n-butyl)barbiturie acid (Pentobarbital) 

6-Ethyl-5-(l-methyl-n-butyl) barbituric acid, sodium salt 

5-Ethyl-5-(l-methyl-n-butyI)thiobarbituric acid and salt.. 

•5-EthyI-5-phenylbarbituric acid (Phenobarbital) (Luminal) 

5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid, calcium salt (Phenobarbital 
calcium) . 



204, 219, 223, 336. 
223, 336. 
223, 336. 
336. 

101, 219, 223, 269, 336, 425. 
199, 223, 336. 

336, 497. 

81, 162, 453, 528. 

81, 162, 453. 

102, 199. 
497. 

1. 

392, 488, X. 
146, 270, 336. 
1. 

336, 425. 
204. 

81. 257, 356, 453, 497, 518. 

393, 425. 

336. 
204. 
426. 



347. 
347. 

347, 441. 
347. 
347. 
163, 541. 

279. 

279, 393. 

279. 

279, 393. 

509. 

336. 

279, 336. 

279, 509. 

199, 336, 487. 

162. 

162, 487. 

81, 162, 227, 336, 453, 528. 

205. 

306. 

283. 

336, 497. 

255. 

393, 528. 

528. 

528. 

81, 162, 528. 

497. 

199. 

528. 

177, 

255, 

255, 

497, 

518. 

269. 

X. 

X. 

151, 

137, 

497. 

151, 

151. 



255, 528. 

269, 393, 497, 528. 

393, 497. 

518. 



255, X. 
151, 255. 414, 



, 254, 255, 270, 336, 497 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



103 



Table 17B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which United States pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Alicyclic and Heterocyclic— Continued 

•Barbituric acid derivatives— Continued 
•5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid, sodium salt (Phenobarbital 
sodium). 

N-Methyl-S-cyclohexenyl-S-methylbarbiiuric acid and salt 

N-Methyl-5-ethyl-5-pheny Ibarbituric acid 

Methylpropylcarbinyl allylbarbituric acid, sodium salt 

*Bile acids and salts: 

Bilron 

Carbaminoylcholine chloride - - 

Cholic acid 

•Dehydrocholic acid 

Desoxycholic acid 

Ketocholanic acids 

Mixed bile acids, extracted 

Mixed oxidized bile acids 

*Bromocamphor, mono 

a-Butyloxycinchoninic acid diethylethylenediamide and hydro- 
chloride. 

* Caffeine, natural and synthetic 

*Caffeine derivatives: 

* Caffeine citrate 

Caffeine hydrobromide 

* Caffeine sodium benzoate 

Caffeine sodum salicylate 

Calcium phytate 

Camphor, S3mthetie, U. S. P 

Camphoric acid 

Camphoric anhydride 

* Camphosulfonic acid 

•Camphosulfonic acid salts: 

Calcium camphosulfonate 

Sodium camphosulfonate 

Carbamate-2-hydroxypropyltrimethylammonium chloride 

7-Chloro-4-hydroxyquinoline-2-carboxylic acid 

Chloromycetin 

Cinchophen hydroiodide 

1 ,4-Cyclohexanedione 

Desoxycorticosterone acetate 

n-Diethylaminoisopentyl-8-amino-6-methoxyquinoline (Plasmochin), 

Dihydrocodeinone bitartrate 

Dihydrostreptomycin sulfate _ 

Di-iodochelidamic acid 

*5,7-Di-iodo-8-hydroxyquinoline 

3,,5-Di-iodo-N-methyl-4-pyridone-2,6-dicarboxylic acid, disodium salt. 

3,.5-Di-iodo-4-pyridone-N-acet ic acid diethanolamine 

4-Dimethylaminoantipyrine ( AminopyrLne) 

2-[(2-Dimethylaminoethyl)(p-methoxybenzyl)amino] pyridine (Neo- 

antergan), maleate 

N,N'-Dimethyl-X'-benzyl-N'-pyridylethylenediamine 

N,N'-Dimefhyl-X'-p-mpthoxyhen7.yl-N-2-pyrimidylethylenediamine. 

Eserine amineoxide salicylate 

Eserine salicylate -. 

or-Estradiol . 

a-Estradiol esters: 

a-Estradiol 3-ben7,oate 

a-EstraQiol.3,17-dipropionate 

Estradioltrimethyl acetate 

Estrosenic substance 

Estrone (Ketoh y droxyestrin) 

E thinylestradiol 

Ethinyltestosterone 

2- E thoxy-6,9-diaminoacridine and salts 

E thyl-l-methyl-4-phenylpiperidine-4-carboxylate (Demerol) 

Eucatropine hydrochloride 

Guanine 

Guanine hydrochloride and sulfate.. 

Guanosine 

Guanylic acid 

Hexamethyleneamine acetaminosalicylic acid (Salihexin) 

Hexamethylenetetramineanhydromethylene citrate (Helmitol) 

Hexamethylenetetramine mandelate 

Hexamethylenetetramine methylene citrate 

llexamethylenetetramine methyl iodide 



151, 199, 255, 270, 336, 497 

199. 

162, 199. 
269. 



269. 
269. 

199, 
179, 
199, 
179, 
199, 
394, 
162, 
177. 



256, 279, 394, 420, 493, X. 

199, 256, 279, 394, 420, 493, X. 

256, 279. 

199, 493. 

394. 

493. 

270, 487. 



117, 219, 250, 255. 

81, 146, 219, 270, 336. 

225, 336. 

146, 162, 270. 336. 

146, 162. 270, 336. 

43, 81, 503. 

194. 284. 

426, 453, 528. 

453, 528. 

81, 162, 528. 

81, 162, 441, 453. 

81, 162, 441, 453, 528. 

336. 

533. 

518. 

269. 

3,50. 

494. 

199. 

270, 394. 

269. 

336. 

426, 466, 528, X. 

494. 

199. 

350. 

336. 

336. 

177. 

273. 

205. 

245. 

494, 518. 

494. 

177, 494. 

431. 

431. 

518, 496, X. 

494. 

177, 494. 

199. 

199. 

100. 

347. 

347. 

347. 

347. 

497. 

162, 199. 

273. 

453. 

426, 453, 528. 



104 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 17B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which United States pro- 
duction or salea were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Alicyclic and Ilelerocyclk — Continued 

Hexamethylenetetramine sulfosalicylate 

Hcxameth ylenete tramine tetraiodide 

Homatropine and salts 

Homatropine methyl bromide ___ 

•8-Hydroxyquinoline base and derivatives: 

8-Hydroxyquinoline base 

8-Hydro\y quinoline benzoate 

8-Hydroxyquinoline citrate 

8-Hy droxy qui iioline hydrochloride 

*8-Hydroxy quinoline sulfate 

8-Hydroxyquinoline sulfate, potassium salt 

*8-Hy droxy quinol ine-5-sulfonic acid 

8-Hydroxy quinoline-5-tannate 

Hy poxant hine 

•lodochlorohy droxy quinoline 

*7-Iodo-8-hydroxyquinoline-5-sulfonic acid (Yatren acid) and salt 

lodopyrine __ 

Iron phy tate 

Lactone of /3-gallic acid and ethanol-a-di-n-butylamine 

Lysidine bitartrate 

Menthol ethoxyacetate (Coryfin) 

Menthyl iso valerate 

Menthyl salicylate ._ _, 

homo-Menthyl salicylate 

2-Methoxy-6-chloro-9-diethylaminopentylaminoacridine (Quinacrine 

hydrochloride) (Atebrin). 
0-Methoxy-a-hydroxymercuric propylamide of camphoric acid, 

sodium salt with theophylline. 
j3-Methoxy-o-hydroxymercuric propylamide of trimethylcyclopen- 
tanedicarboxylic acid (Mercurial acid). 

Methylcholanthrene _ 

2-(d-Methyl-d-2'-dimethylamino-ethoxy-benzyl)pyridine succinate.-. 

3,3'-Methylene-bis-4-hydroxycoumarin (Dicoumarol) 

p-Methylphenylcinchoninic ethyl ester (Neocinchophen) 

Methylphenyl-a-pyridyl carbinol 

.3-(2-Meth ylpiperidino) propyl alcohol 

3-(2-Methylpiperidino)propyl-p-cyclohexyloxy benzoate hydro- 
chloride. 

3-(2-Methylpiperidino)propyl benzoate hydrochloride 

Methyltestosterone 

5-Methyluracil 

Mono-iodo-2-phenylquinoline-4-carboxylic acid (Mono-iodocincho- 
phen) . 

•Nikethamide (Niacin diethylamide) 

Nucleic acid, from yeast 

Nucleic acid salts 

Papaverine base, synthetic 

Papaverine hydrochloride, synthetic 

•Penicillin salts: 

Penicillin (Triethylamine salt) 

•Penicillin, calcium 



•Penicillin, potassium. 
•Penicillin, sodium 



•Penicillin, procaine. 



Phenylazo-diaminopyridine hydrochloride (Pyridium) 

l-Phenyl-2,3-dimethyl-4-methylamino-5-pyrazolone formaldehyde 

bisulfite (Novaldin). 

l-Phenyl-l-(2-pyridyl)-3-dimethylaminopropane 

2-Phenylquinollne-4-carboxylic acid (Cinchophen) (Phenylcinchoni- 

nic acid). 
2-Phenylquinoline-4-carboxylic acid methyl ester (Methyl ester of 

cinchophen). 

2-Phenylquinoline-4-carboxylic acid, sodium salt 

Piperazine 

Piperazine derivatives: 

Piperazine citrate 

Piperazine tartrate 

Piperidine propanediol diphenylurethane base and hydrochloride.. 

Progesterone 

6-Propylthiouracil 

Scopolamine amineo.xide hydrobromide _. 



227, 336. 

162, 381. 

336. 

245, 336, 394, 426, 466. 



, 33fi, 426. 

,466. 

,466. 

', 336, 466, 528. 

,466. 

151,3.36. 



, 426, 466, 528. 

151, 199, 204, 336, 426, 466. 528. 



151 

151 

336 

151 

151 

151 

81, 

151 

347 

177 

81, 

270 

426 

4.53. 

345. 

199. 

335. 

345. 

345. 

199. 

453. 

453. 



1. 

314. 

223, 497. 

151, 223. 

314. 

269. 

269. 

269. 

177, 335, 494. 

347. 

223. 

81, 177, 257, 466, 528. 

347. 

347. 

270, 336. 

146, 269, 270, 336. 

393. 

225', 292, 306, 336, 425, 468, 484, 497, 

520, X. 
159, 225, 269, 283, 484, 497, X. 
121, 225, 283, 292, 306, 336, 425, 468, 

484, 497, 520, X. 
121, 159, 225, 269, 283, 292, 306, 336, 

425, 468, 484, 497, 520, X. 
273. 
81, 162, 199. 

494. 
151, 223. 



151. 
81. 

81. 

81. 

314. 

429, 494, 518. 

223. 

205. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



105 



Table 17B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which United Slates pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Chemical 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Alicyclic rind Heterocyclic — Continued 

•Streptomycin - - 

Terpin h yd rate 

Testosterone 

Testosterone esters: Testosterone propionate 

•Theobromine derivatives: 

Theobromine calcium gluconate 

Theobromine calcium salicylate 

Theobromine salicylate 

Theobromine sodium acetate 

Theobromine sodium salicylate 

•Theophylline (1,.3-dimethylxanthine), base and derivatives: 

Theophylline aminoisobutanol 

•Theophylline base 

•Theophylline ethylenediamine - 

Theophylline methyl crlucamine 

Theophylline monoethanolamine 

Theophylline sodium acetate- 

Theophylline sodium salicylate.. 

Thiouracil 

3,5,5-Trimethyl-2,4-oxazolidinedione 

Tubercillin 

Uracil 

U ric acid 

•Vitamins: 

*Bi (Thiamin chloride and hydrochloride) 

•B2 (Riboflavin), for human consumption (100%) 

•B2 (Riboflavin), for animal and poultry consumption (100%) 

•Be (Pyridoxine) - 

•Dj (Irradiated ergosterol) (Viosterol) 

D3 (Irradiated or activated animal sterol) (Delsterol) 

D3 (3,5-Dinitrobenzoate) 

Pure crystalline vitamin D3 --. 

E (a-Tiicopherol) 

E esters: a-Toeopherol acetate 

Folic acid 

Inositol - 

Inositol hexaphosphate, calcium magnesium 

•Niacin (Nicotinic acid) 

•Niacinamide (Nicotinic acid amide) 

•Niacinamide hydrochloride 

Xan thine 

MEDICINALS, ACYCLIC 

Acetylcholine bromide. 

•Acetylcholine chloride 

Acetyl-^-mothylcholine bromide 

Acetyl-0-methylcholine chloride 

•Amino acids: 

/3-Alanine 

dl-a- Alan ine - 

Aminoacetic acid (Glycocoll) (Glycin) 

Aminoacetic acid hydrochloride 

l(+)Arginine 

Arginine monohydrochlorido 

dl- Aspartic acid 

1 (+) Aspartic acid 

Cysteine hydrochloride 

•1-Cystine 

1-Cystine(4-) 

•1(+) Glutamic acid 

dl-Qlutamic acid 

Glutamic acid, calcium salt 

Glutamic acid hydrochloride 

Glutathione. 

dl-Isoleucine 

1-Leucine 

dl-Leucine 

dl-Lysine monohydrochloride 

1-Lysine monohydrochloride 

dl-Methionine 

dl-Methionine, calcium salt 

dl-Norleucine 

857784 — 49 8 



Manufacturers' Identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



225, 269, 292, 336, 425, 484, 497, X. 
162, 336, 348. 

335, 429, 494. 
177, 335, 494. 

179. 
162, 466. 

336, 270. 

146, 270, 336, 466. 
146, 162, 270, 336, 466. 

314. 

151, 255, 270. 

137, 151, 162, 255, 336, 431, 466, X. 

497. 

269. 

162, 199, 255, 270. 
270. 

223. 
497. 
242. 
347, 441. 

163, 509. 

336, 393. 

306, 336, 393. 

283, 306, 336, 421. 

336, 393. 

17, 39, 199, 267, 308, 407, 425, 518, 530. 

199, 284, 308, 407. 

284. 

284. 

336, 393. 

336, 393. 

X. 

43, 503. 

162, 177, 466. 

273, 336, 387. 

273, 276. 

336. 

347, 475. 



426, 441, 528. 

81, 162, 336, 426, 466, 528. 

81, 336, 426. 

336, 426. 

336, 497. 

335, 336, 487, 509. 
151, 487, 509. 
331, 466. 

509. 

279. 336, 509. 

336, 350. 
509. 
279, 420. 

279, 313, 466, 509. 

509. 

69, 267, 313, 336. 

336. 

313. 

69, 267. 

347. 

199, 336, 487. 

279, 313. 336, 509. 

199, 336, 487, 509. 

199, 487. 

279, 336, 509. 

487, 509. 

336. 

336, 509. 



106 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 17B. — Synthetic organic chemicnls: Medicinals for which United States pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



MEDICINALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

* Amino acids— Continued 

dl-Serine 

dl-Threonine 

dl-Valine 

Aminoheptane sulfate 

•Amyl nitrite (Isoamyl nitrite) 

Antimony sodium thioglycolate 

Auro-thioglucose 

Azochloramide 

Betaine base 

Betaine hydrochloride 

Bismuth octyloxyacetate (Lipo bismol) 

Bromocholine bromide 

Bromodiethylacetylcarbamide 

Bromoisovalerylurea (Bromural) 

Cacodylic acid 

Cacodylic acid derivatives: 

Ouaiacol cacodylate 

Strychnine cacodylate 

Cacodylic acid salts: 

Bismuth cacodylate 

Calcium cacodylate 

Iron cacodylate 

Sodium cacodylate 

Potassium cacodylate 

Calcium borohibate 

Calcium iodobehenate 

Calcium lactophosphate 

*Calcium levulinate 

Calcium salts of sugar acids 

•Calcium succinate 

Chloral hydrate 

Choline bicarbonate 

•Choline chloride 

Choline chloride carbamate 

Copper undecylinate 

Diethyl succinate 

Disodium methylarsonate (Arrhenal) 

Divinyl ether 

Ethyl chaulmoograte 

Ethylenediamine derivatives: 

Ethylenediamine dihydrochlorlde 

Ethylenediamine di-iodide 

Ethyl di-iodobrassidate 

Ethylene disulfonate 

Ethyl iodide 

Ethyl mercuric chloride 

Ethyl morrhuate 

Ethyl nitrite 

Ferrous oxalate 

Gluconic acid salts: 

Calcium borogluconate 

Calcium glucoheptonate 

Calcium gluconate 

Copper gluconate 

Iron (ferrous) gluconate 

Magnesium gluconate 

Manganese gluconate 

Qlycerophosphoric acid 

Glycerophosphoric acid derivatives: Strychnine glycerophosphate . 
Qlycerophosphoric acid salts: 

Calcium glycerophosphate 

Iron glycerophosphate 

Magnesium glycerophosphate 

Manganese glycerophosphate 

Potassium glycerophosphate _ 

Sodium glycerophosphate 

Hexamethyldiaminoisopropanol di-iodide 

Hexose diphosphate salts: 

Barium hexose diphosphate 

Calcium hexose diphosphate 

Magnesium hexose diphosphate 

Iodized fatty acids and oils: 

Calcium salts of iodized fatty acids 

Iodized oils (Riodine) (Oridine) 

Iodoform 



336. 

336. 

199, 336, 487, 509. 

426. 

270, 336, 441, 518. 

426. 

494. 

11. 

69. 

69, 466. 

518. 

426. 

199, 263, 345, 414. 

263, 414. 

1,528. 

1, 528. 
528. 

1,528. 

1,528. 

1, 518, 528. 

1, 518, 528. 

1. 

223. 

199, 453. 

162, 270. 

81, 162, 420, 453, 466, 528. 

269. 

81, 157, 162, 420, 453, 466, 528. 

219, 336. 

283. 

162, 223, 336. 

426. 

263. 

227. 

528. 

336. 

162, 199, 453. 

81, 162. 

162, 381. 

177. 

88 

1, 270, 336, 441, 541. 

541. 

453. 

270, 283. 

336. 

453. 
509. 

225, 270. 
162, 225. 
162, 225, 270. 
162, 225. 
162, 225. 
219, 484. 
528. 

219, 484. 
219, 484. 
219, 484. 
219, 484. 
219, 484. 
219, 484. 
199, 426, 453, 466. 

347. 
347. 
347. 

269. 
345. 
146, 270, 336. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 194 8 



107 



Table 17B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which United States pro- 
duction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Chemical 



MEDICINALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

lodomethanesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Isovaleric acid salts: 

Ammonium iso valerate 

Calcium isovalerate 

Zinc isovalerate 

Lactic acid salts: 

Ferrous lactate 

Lead lactate 

Lysidine bitartrate 

Manganese butyrate 

Mercuhydrin acid 

Methoxyoximercuripropylsuccinyl urea (Mercuhydrin) - . . 

Methylenecitric acid and salts 

Methylene iodide 

•Methyl iodide 

Morrhuic acid, copper salt 

Morrhuic acid, sodium salt 

Octyl bromide 

d- Ribose 

•Silver preparations, organic colloidal: 

Silver protein, mild 

Silver protein, strong 

Colloidal silver 

Sodium aurothiomalate (Myochrysine) 

Sodium bismuth triglycollamate 

Sodium iodopropanol sulfonate 

Sodium ricinoleate 

Sodium stearate, U. S. P 

Sodium succinate 

Sodium undecylinate 

1-Sorbose 

Sulfonethylmethane 

Tartaric acid salts: 

Antimony potassium tartrate 

Bismuth potassium sodium tartrate 

Bismuth potassium tartrate 

Bismuth sodium tartrate 

Calcium tartrate 

Potassium sodium tartrate (Bismosal) 

Potassium tartrate 

Sodium bitartrate 

Thiosinamine (Allylthiourea) 

2,2,2-Tribromoethanol 

Tribromomethane (Bromoform) 

•tert-Trichlorobutyl alcohol (Chloretone) (Chlorobutanol) . 

Urethane 

•Vitamins: 

A, alcohol concentrate (200,000 U. S. P. units per gram). 

A esters: A acetate, concentrate.-- 

d-Calcium pantothenate 

dl-Calcium pantothenate 

Sodium d-pantothenate 

*C (Ascorbic acid) 

*C (Ascorbic acid, sodium salt) 

Zinc undecylinate ■ 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



263. 
263. 
263. 

162, 270. 

336. 

81. 

270. 

431. 

431. 

199, 453, 466. 

I, 199,336,441. 

270, 336,426,441,541. 

453. 

204, 453, 518, X. 

426. 

347. 

425, 426, 484, 518. 

484. 

528. 

336. 

X. 

345. 

454. 

336. 

270, 336. 

263. 

225, 335. 

270. 

225. 

162. 

162. 

162, X. 

520 

225. 

162, 520. 

336, 520. 

270, 345. 

199. 

86, 487. 

151, 336, 345, 392, 518. 

231. 

279, 308. 
499. 

335, 336. 

276, 306, 335, 497. 

518. 

225, 393. 

336, 541. 

II, 162, 263. 



108 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Flavor and Perfume Materials 

Table 18B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Flavor and perfume materials for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 19^8 

[Flavor and perfume materials for which separate statistics are given in table ISA are marked below with 
an asterisk (*); those not so marked do not appear in table ISA because the reported data are confidential 
and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from table 
26. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number 
with the designated product] 



Material 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCIJC 

Benzenoid and Naphthatenoid 

Allyl cinnamate 

Allyl a-toluate (Allyl phenylacetate) 

•Aeetophenone 

Amyl benzoate 

*a-Amylcinnamaldehyde 



a-Amylcinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetal. 

Amyl cinnamate 

a-A mylcinnamyl acetate 

a-Amylcimiamyl alcohol 

* Amyl salicylate 

Amyl or-toluate (Amyl phenylacetate).... 
Anethole 

* Anisaldehyde 

Anisole (Methyl phenyl ether) 

Anisyl acetate 

Anisyl alcohol 

Anisyl butyrate 

Anisyl formate 

Anisyl propionate 

Anisylideneacetone 

Ben zal glycerol 

•Benzophenone 

*Bcnzyl acetate 

*Benzyl alcohol 



*Benzyl benzoate . 



Benzyl butyrate 

*Benzyl cinnamate 

Benzyl ether (Dibenzyl ether) 

Benzyl formate ._ __ 

Benzyl glycital. 

Benzylidine acetone 

Benzyl isoamyl ether 

Benzyl isobut jTate. 

Benzyl isoeugenyl ether 

Benzyl iso valerate. 

Benzyl methyl ketone (Phenylacetone) 

*Benzyl propionate 

Benzyl salicylate 

Benzyl a-toluate (Benzyl phenylacetate) 

Benzyl valerate 

a-Bromostryene 

Butyl anthranilate. 

Butyl-2-naphfhol 

C innamaldehyde. - 

*Cinnamic acid 

Cinnamyl acetate... 

C innamy 1 alcohol 

Cinnamyl anth ranilate 

Cinnamyl butyrate 

C innamyl cinnamate 

C innamyl formate 

C innamyl isobutyrate _ . 

C inn amyl isovalerate 

C innamyl propionate 

C innamyl valerate 

*p-Cresyl acetate 

p-Cresyl isovalerate 

p-Cresyl methyl ether 

m-Cresyl a-toluate (m-Cresyl phenylacetatcj. 
p-Cresyl a-toluate (p-Cresyl phenylacetate).. 

Cumaldehyde (p-Isopropylbenzaldehyde) 

Dimethyl-^-phenethyl acetate 



424. 

424. 

254, 345, X. 

392, 424, X. 

212, 228, 254, 256, 310, 375, 37S, 392, 

516, X. 
424, X. 
424, X. 
516. 
516. 

35, 117, 129, 210, 392, X. 
142, 392, X. 
166, 194, 392, 450. 
35, 228, 284, 345, 392, X, X. 
284, 345. 
375, 392, 424, X. 
345, 392, 424, X. 
424. 
424, X. 
424, X. 
516. 
228. 

254, 345, 392, X. 

35, 142, 212, 254, 256, 378, 392, X. 
129, 151, 254, 256, 325, 378, 392, 533. 

X. 
35, 129, 212, 219, 254. 256, 345, 378, 

392 X 
117, 142, 345, 375, 392, 424, 516, X. 
129, 345, 378, 392, 424, 516, X. 
X. 
142. 
523. 

117, 392. 
284, 392. 
117, 392, 424, X. 
142. 

424, X. 
216, 235, X. 
142, 284, 378, 424. 
129, 378, 424, X. 
X. 
424. 
X. 
424. 
227. 

84, .345, 392, X. 
151, 345, 392, X. 
142, 392. 

142, 228,378, 516, X. 
375, 424, 516. 
424, X. 
392, 424, X. 
424, X. 

375, 424. 523, X. 
424, 523, X. 
142, 392, 424, X. 
375, 424. 

3.5, 256, 392, 424, 523, X. 
X. 
284. 
392. 

392, 516, X. 
284, 345, 392. 
378, 516, X. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 194 8 



109 



Table 18B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Flavor and perfume materials for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948— 
Continued 



Material 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC-Con. 

Benzenoid and Naphthatenoid—Conimued 

Dimethyl-^-pheiiotliyl alcohol (Dimethylbenzyl carbinol) 

2,fi-Diriitro-3-tert-butylcymene- 

Diphenylmethane - 

p-EthoxybonzaMehyde 

Ethyl anthranilate 

Ethyl bpiizoate 

Ethyl cinnamate 

FAhy] mt'thyli)hi'iiylglycidate 

Kthyl^-naphthyl ether 

E t hy 1 phi-n ylgly cidate -- 

Efhvl salicylate 

•Ethyl a-toluate (Ethyl phenylacetate) 

Ethylvanillin 

E ucalyptoL - - 

•Eugonol 

E u genyl acetate - 

Eupenyl formate 

Hexyleinnamaldehyde 

H vdrocinnamic acid 

H yd roqiiinone dimethyl ether (Dimethylhydroquinone) 

H yd roqn inone monometh yl ether 

Isobut y 1 anthranilate 

Isobutyl benzoate 

Isobutyl cinnamate 

Isnbut vl salicylate 

Isobutyl a-toluate (Isobutyl phenylacetate) 

*Isoeugenol 

Isoeugenyl acetate 

Isopropyl-o-cresol (C arvacroll 

Isot hymol, hydrosenated 

Iso vaierophenone 

p-Methoxyacetophenone (Novatone') 

•p-Methylacetophenone (Methyl p-tolyl ketone) 

Methyl anisate 

Methvl anthranilate 

X-Me"thvlanthranilic acid, methyl ester (Dimethyl anthranilate)...- 
D-Metnylbenzaldehyde (p-Tolualdehyde) 

•Methvl benzoate 

a-Methvlbenzvl acetate (Styralyl acetate) 

a-Methvlbenzyl alcohol (Methylphenyl carbinol) (Styralyl alcohol) 

a-Methylbenzyl propionate (Styralyl propionate) 

Methylcinnamaldehyde 

•Methyl cinnamate 

•Methyl eugenyl ether (Methyl eugenol) 

Methyl isoeugenyl ether 

Met hylisopropylacet ophenone 

a-^Iet hvl-p-isopropylhydrocinnamaldehydc 

Methyr/S-naphthyl ether 

Methyl naphthyl ketone (a and 0) 

Methyl S-napht hyl ketone 

•Methvl salicvlate (Wintergreen oil) 

Methjd a-toluate (Methyl phenylacetate.) 

Musk ambrette 

Musk ketone 

•Musk xylene 

n-Octyl salicylate 

•Phenethyl acetate 

•Phenethyl alcohol (Phenylethyl alcohol) 

Phenethyl anthranilate 

Phenethyl benzoate 

Phenethyl butyrate 

Phenethyl cinnamate 

Phenethyl dimethyl carbinol --- 

Phenet hyl dimethyl carbinol acetal - - 

Phenethyl dimethyl carbinol isobutyrate 

Phenethyl formate 

Phenethyl isovalerate 

Phenethyl methylcthyl carbinol 

Phenethyl salicylate 

Phenethyl a-toluate (Phenethyl phenylacetate) 

Phenethyl valerate --- 



, Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



516, X. 
, X. 



, 256, 375, 424. 

, 345, 392, 424, 484, X. 

375, 378, 392, 424, X. 
, X. 
, 424, X. 

X. 

199, 254, 256, 336, 392, 497. 



B, X. 

228, 286, 316, 345, 392, 424, X, X. 

X. 

345. 



392, 424, X. 

424, X. 

424, X. 

375, 378, 392, X. 

392, 424, X, X. 

516. 

4S8. 



345, 392. 

345, X. 

424. 

284, 392, 424, 487. 

284,392. 424. 

392. 

345, 392, 424, 484. 

X. 

392. 



345, .392, 424, X. 
375, 392, 424, X. 
392, X. 

392. 
392. 
X. 
X. 

484, 487. 

254, 256, 392, X. 

284, 392. 

392. 

284, 392. 

375, 424. 

325, 378, 392. 

254, 368, 378, 392, 487. 

516. 

516, 

424, X. 

424, X. 

424, X. 

X. 

X. 

378, 392, 424. 

227, 392, 424. 

392, 424, 516, X. 

424, X. 

424. 



no 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 18B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Flavor and perfume m.aterials for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — 
Continued 



Material 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC— Con 

Benzenoid and Naphthatenoid—Continned 

0-Phenetylurea (Dulcin) 

a-Phenylpropionaldehyde (Hydratropaldehyde) 

0-Phenylpropionaldehyde 

a-Phenylpropionaldehyde dimethyl acetal (Hydratropaldehyde di- 
methyl acetal) . 

3-Phenylpropionic acid 

3-Phenyl-l-propyl acetate 

2-Phenylpropyl alcohol (Hydratropyl alcohol) 

*3-Phenyl-l-propyl alcohol (Hydrocinnamic alcohol) 

Propyl cinnamate - 

Salicylaldehyde 

Styralyl a-toluate (Styralyl phenylacetate) 

a-Tolualdehyde (Phenylacetaldehyde) 

a-Tolualdehyde dimethyl acetal (Phenylacetaldehyde dimethyl ace 
tal). 

a-Toluic acid (Phenylacetic acid) 

Tolyl acetate _. 

Trichloromethy Iphen ylcarbinyl acetate ( Rosetone) 

1 ,3,4-Trimethyl-5-tort-but y 1-2,5-dinitrobenzene 

•Vanillin 

Terpenoid, Heterocyclic, and Alicyclic 

Allyl cyclohexyl propionate 

Allyl cyclohexyl butyrate 

Carvone L 

Cedrenal 

•Cedrol 

*Cedrvl acetate 

•Citral 

Citral acetate 

Citronellal— 

*Citronellol 

Citronellyl acetate 

Citronellyl butyrate 

C itronellyl formate— 

Citronellyl propionate 

*Coumarin, synthetic , 

Cyclamene alcohol 

Cyclogeraniol 

Cyclohexyl acetate 

Cyclohexyl butyrate ^^._. 

Cyclohexyl isovalerate 

Cyclopentanone_ 

Dihydrocitronellol (3,7-Dimethyl-l-oetanol) 

Dihydrocoumarin 

Ethyl furyl acrolein 

Farnesol 

Furfural acetone 

•Geraniol 

•Geranyl acetate 

Geranyl benzoate 

Geranyl butyrate 

•Geranyl formate 

Geranyl isovalerate 

Geranyl propionate 

Geranyl a-toluate (Geranyl phenylacetate) 

•Hydroxycitronellal 

Hydroxycitronellal dimethyl acetal 

Hydroxycitronellol 

'Indole 

'a-Ionone 

*0-Ionone 

•lonone, all other 

Isoborneol propionate 

Isobornyl acetate 

Isobornyl alcohol (Isoborneol) 

Isobutylquinoline 

Isopropylquinoline 



345, 426. 
392, X. 
345, 392. 
X. 

345. 

35, 392, X. 

325, X. 

35, 378, 392, X. 

375, 424. 

487. 

424. 

392, X. 

375, 424, X. 

219, 254, 256, 392, X. 

345. 

345. 

392. 

117, 172, 219, 345, 392. 



424. 

424. 

228, 424. 

516, X. 

35, 378, 516, X. 

35, 117, 228, 378, 392, 424, 516, X. 

142, 228, 286, 316, 375, 378, 392, 424, 

X, X. 
516. 

35, 142, 228, 375, 37G, X. 
35, 129, 228, 256, 284, 286, 378, 392. 
378, 392, 424, X. 
227, 424, X. 
35, 378, 392, 424, X. 
392, 424, X. 
117, 219, 284, 487. 
516. 
516. 

227, 424, 516. 
227, 424. 
227. 

423i 516. 
228. 
345. 
424. 
516. 
424. 
35, 129. 142, 228, 256, 284, 286, 375, 

378.392, X,X. 
35, 228. 284, 375, 378, 392, 424, X. 
392, 516. 
378, 392, 424, X. 
.35, 378, 392, X. 
X. 
X. 

424, X. 

35, 129, 228, 284, 378, 392, 516, X. 
142,392, 424, X. 
368. 

284, 392, 487. 
117, 284, 286, 378, 392, X. 
117, 284, 378, 392. X. 
117, 212, 284, 286, 316, .368, .378, 392, 

X. 
284. 
284, X. 
284. 
227. 
227, 516. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 194 8 



111 



Table 18B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Flavor and perfume materials for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — 
Continued 



Material 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS. CYCLIC— Con. 

Terpenoid, Heterocyclic, and AlicycUc — Continued 

Isopulegol 

Isosafrol 

" Linalool , natural 



Linalool, synthetic 

• Linalyl acetate _ 

Linalyl anthranilate 

Linalyl benzoate 

Linalyl butyrate 

Linalyl cinnamate 

Linalyl isobutyrate 

Linalyl isovalerate 

Linalyl propionate 

•Menthol, synthetic, tech 

Menthol, synthetic, U. S. P-_. 

Menthone 

Menthyl anthranilate 

Metahomomenthol (Cyclonol). 

Metahomomenthyl acetate 

3-Methylcoumarin 

6-Methylcoumarin 

Methyl furyl acrolein 

'Methylionone 



p-Methyltetrahydroquinoline _ 
'NTerol 

Neryl acetate 

*Piperonal (Heliotropin) 

•Rhodinol 



Rhodinol rose 

Rhodinyl acetate 

Rhodinyl formate 

Rhodinyl isobutyrate 

Saccharin 

Saccharin, sodium salt 

•Satrol 

Santalol 

Santalyl acetate 

Skatole 

Terpenes from lemongrass 

a-Terpineol 

/3-Terpineol 

Terpineols, mixed 

Terpin hydrate, tech 

•Terpinyl acetate 

Terpinyl anthranOate 

•Terpinyl propionate 

Terpinyl a-toluate (Terpinyl phenylacetate) . 

Tetrahydrolinalool 

Vetivenol 

•Vetivenyl acetate 

Vetivert acetate 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, ACYCLIC 

AUyl acetate.- 

Allyl butyrate 

•AUyl caproate 

Allyl caprylate 

Allyl enanthate (Allyl heptanoate) 

Allyl formate 

Allyl isothiocyanate (Mustard oil) 

Allyl propionate 

Allyl mercaptan 

Amyl butyrate 

Amyl caproate 

Amyl caprylate 

Amyl laurate 

Amyl propionate 

2,3-Butanedione (Diacetyl) (Biacetyl) 

n-Butyl butyrate 

Butyl butyrolactate , 



392. 
392 
35,"l42, 228, 286, 316, 375, 378, 392. 

424, X, X. 
256. 

35, 228, 256, 286, 378, 392, 424. X. X 
227, 424, 516. 
227, 516. 
142, 424. 
424, 516, X. 

227, X. 
227. 

392, 424, 516, X. 

228, 256, 345, 392. 
256, 392. 

228, 392, 488. 

392. 

345. 

345. 

117. 

392. 

424. 

117, 228, 284, 286, 316, 368, 378, 392. 
X. 

516. 

142, 378, 516, X. 

X. 

345, 392, X, X. 

129, 142, 256, 284, 286, 375, 378, 392, 
424, 516, X, X. 

424, 516. 

142, 378, 392, 424, X. 

375, 378, 392, X. 

378. 

219. 

219. 

142, 286, 392, 488, X, X. 

.345, 375, 378, 392, 516. 

375, 424, 516. 

227. 

.316. 

166, 194, X. 

194, 228. 

284, 392. 

166, 392. 

35, 284, 375, 378, 392, X, X. 

516. 

284, 382, X. 

516. 

X. 

142, 392, 424, X, X. 

129, 392, 424, 516, X, X| 

228. 



424. 

424. 

227. 

227, 

227, 

424. 

345, 541. 

424. 

541. 

424. 

424, 523, X 

424. 

523. 

392, 

151, 

375, 

345. 



345, 375, 378, 392, 424, 623, X| 

424. 
345, 424. 



424, X. 
345, X. 
X. 



112 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 18B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Flavor and perfume materials for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — 
Continued 



Material 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, ACYCLIC— Con. 

Butyl myristate 

Capry 1 alcohol, hydrogenated 

Capryl butyrate 

1-Carbomethoxyheptine (Methyl heptine carbonate) 

Cetyl alcohol (Cn) 

Decyl acetate (Cio) 

n-Decyl alcohol 

Decyl aldehyde (Cio) 

Decyl aldehyde dimethyl acetal (Aldehyde Cio dimethyl acetal) 

Decyl butyrate 

Decyl propionate 

Diallyl sulfide 

Diethyl succinate 

Dihydro jasmone 

Di-n-propyl ketone 

n-Dodecyl alcohol (Lauryl alcohol) 

Dodecyl aldehyde (Cn) 

Dodecyl acetate (C12) 

•Ethyl butyrate 

Ethyl caproate 

Ethyl caprylate 

Ethyl decylate 

•Ethyl enanthate 

Ethyl hept ylate. 

Ethyl isobutyrate 

* Ethyl iso valerate 

Ethyl laurate 

Ethyl levulinate 

Ethyl myristate 

Ethyl oleate 

Ethyl palmitate 

•Ethyl pelargouate 

Ethyl propionate 

Ethyl sebacate 

•Glutamic acid, monosodium salt (Monosodium glutamate) 

n-Heptaldehyde (C?) 

2, 3-n-Heptanedione (Acetyl valeryl) _ 

n-Hcptanol " 

Heptoic acid 

Hexaldehyde (d) 

2, 3-n-Hexanedione ( Acetylbutyryl) 

Hexyl acetate 

Homo-menthyl acetate 

•Isoamyl butyrate 

Isoamyl caprylate 

Isoamyl formate 

Isoamyl isovalerate 

Isoamyl propionate 

•Isobutyl acetate 

Isobut y 1 butyrate 

Isobutyl caproate 1 

Isobutyl isovalerate 

Isopropyl palmitate 

Isopropyl pelargonate 

Lauryl lormate 

Methalyl butyrate 

Methyl caproate 

• Met hylhe ptenone 

Methyl homo jasmone 

Met hylnonyla cetaldehyde 

Methyl nonyl ketone 

Methyl pelargonate (Methyl nonoate) 

4-Methyl-2, 3-pcntanedione (Acetylisobutyryl) 

Methyl undecylenate 

Myristic acid 

Myristyl alcohol 

Nonalactone 

Nonyl acetate (Cg) 

Nonyl alcohol (C9) 

Nonyl aldehyde (C9) "_ 

1-Octanol 

n-Octy! acetate 

•n-Octyl aldehyde id) 

Octyl aldehyde dimethyl acetal (Aldehyde Cj dimethyl acetal) 

n-Octyl butyrate _ 



210. 
325. 

227, 424. 
256, 392. 
392, 516. 

375, 392, 424, X. 
424. 

228, 375, 392, 424, X. 
424. 

424. 

424. 

541. 

X. 

516. 

523, X. 

424. X. 

228. 

424. 

142, 251, 375, 424, X. 

251, 424, X. 

424, X. 

424, X. 

142, 227, 251, 375, 424, X. 

378. 

227, X. 

142, 251, 424, X. 

210, 424, X. 

227, 378. 

210, 424. 

424. 

424. 

345, 392, 424, X. 

424. 

227, 375, X. 

69, 267, 313, 503. 

11,325,396, X. 

X. 

11, 396. 

11, X. 

516. 

227. 

424. 

228 

142i 251, 375, 424, X. 

142, X. 

142. 

142,251. 

142. 

142. 251, 424, X. 

251,424, X. 

424, X. 

424, X. 

228, 424. 
375. 

X. 

424. 

X. 

142, 325, 392, X. 

516. 

392, 516, X. 

392, 516, X. 

228. 

227. 

392. 

142. 

392. 

345, 392, 424, X. 

424, 516, X. 

516, X. 

375,392,424, X. 

424, X. 

142, 424, X. 

11,392,424, X. 

424. 

424. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



113 



Table 18B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Flavor and perfume materials for which 
United States production or sales were reported, idsntijied by minufacturer, 1948 — 
Continued 



Material 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, ACYCLIC— Con. 

n-Oct yl formate 

n-Octyl isobut>Tate _ - - 

2, 3-Pent anedione _ 

Propyl propionate _. 

Tetradecyl aldehyde (Cu) 

Tribut yrin 

7-Undecalaetone 

Undecyl aldphyde (Cn) 

• Undecylenic acid 

Undecylenic alcohol 

Undc cylenic aldehyde 

Undecylenyl acetate 

Undecylic acid 

Undecylic acid, hydrogenated 

CHEMICALLY MODIFIED ESSENTIAL OILS 

Citronella, acetylated 

C itronella, hydrogenated 

Ethyl oxyhydrate 

Ylangol 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



5, 424, X. 
X. 



212, 378, 392, 396, X. 
3, X. 
2, 516, X. 
X. 



345, 
X. 

227. 

424, 

142. 

516. 

345, 375, 378, 392, 424, 516, X. 

X. 

11, : 

516, 

392, 

516, 

396. 

11, 



,325. 



142, X. 

325. 

129^ 286, 424. 

516. 



Plastics ond Resin Materials 

Table 19B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Plastics and resin materials for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 

[Plastics and resin materials for which separate statistics are given in table 19A are marked below with an 
asterisk (•); chemicals not so marked do not appear in table 19A because the reported data are confidential 
and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from table 26. 
An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his ideptiflcation number with 
the designated product] 



Material 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, BENZENOID 

•Phthalic alkyd resins: 
•Unmodified: 
*Phthalic anhydr ide-glycerol 



•Phthalic anhydride-pentaerythritoL 



*Phthalic anhy dride-glycerol-glycol 

•Phthalic an hy dride-gly col-pentaery thritoL _ _ 

•Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-pentaerythritol 

Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-fatty acids 

Phthalic anhydride-glycol 

Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-glycol-pentaerythritol 

All other unmodified phthalic alkyd resins 

•Modified: 
•Except rosin ester modified: 
•Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-glycerol 

•Phthalic alkyd resins modified by phenol-formaldehyde 

Phthalic anhydride-adipie acid-glycol 



28, 36, 42, 103, 108, 125, 147, 156, 183, 
191, 206, 213, 214, 231, 234, 244, 
246, 248, 260, 265, 277, 284, 287, 
298, 301, 303, 340, 354, 364, 369, 
380, 383, 387, 397, 409, 422, 429, 
436, 444, 446, 447, 458, 462, 463, 
474, 477, 490, 508, 519, 526, 532. 

28, 36, 92, 103, 108, 125, 164, 183, 191, 
213, 231, 246, 248, 277, 284, 287, 
298, 354, 364, 380, 383, 409, 422, 
429, 433, 436, 444, 458, 460, 461, 
462, 477, 490, 508, 526, 532. 

214, 231, 380, 429, 444, 462, 539. 

183, 231, 246, 383, 444, 458, 526. 

28, 36, 125, 183, 234, 383, 409, 429, 
436, 460, 462, 519, 532. 

125, 387. 

29, 231, 458. 
474. 

103, 284, 460, 462, 539. 



42, 147, 183, 214, 231, 234, 277, 298, 
307, 383, 422, 436, 444, 462, 464. 

92, 147, 166, 231, 354, 364, 380, 383, 
429, 444, 460, 462, 526. 

284. 



114 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 19B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Plastics and resin materials for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — 
Continued 



Material 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, BENZENOID— Con. 

*Phthalic alkyd resins — Continued 
'Modified — Continued 
*Except rosin ester modified— Continued 

Phthalic anhydride-adipie acid-glycerol 

Phthalic anhy dride-azelaic acid-glycerol-glycol _ 

Phthalic anhy dride-benzoic acid-glycerol 

Phthalic anhydride-benzoic acid-glycol 

Phthalic anhydride-fumaric acid-glycerol 

Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-congo ester 

Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-styrene 

Phthalic anhy dride-maleic anhy dride-gly col-styrene 

Phthalic anhy dride-maleic anhydride-glyeol 

Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-glycerol-pentaerythritol 
Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-glycol-pentaerythritoL-. 

Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-pentaerythritol 

Phthalic anhydride-pentaerythritol (modified with tall oil or 
fatty acids). 

Phthalic anhydride-sebacic acid-glycerol - 

All other phthalic alkyd resins, except rosin ester modified 

*Rosin ester modified: 
* Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-rosin ester 



*Phthalic anhydride-pentaerythritol-rosin ester 

*Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-glycerol-rosin ester. 



*Phthalic anhydride-pentaerythritol-tall oil-rosin ester 

* Phthalic anhydride-pentaerythritol-glycerol-glycol-rosin ester- 
Phthalic anhydride - p - tert - butylphenol - formaldehyde-rosin 

ester. 
Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-phenol-formaldehyde-rosin ester . 
Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-phenol-formaldehyde- 
rosin ester. 
Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-glycerol-phenol-formal- 

dehyde. 
Phthalic anhydride glycerol-phenol-formaldehyde-congo-rosin 
ester. 

Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-tall oil-rosin ester 

Phthalic anhydride-glycol-rosin ester 

Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-pentaerythritol-rosin 
ester. 

All other rosin ester modified phthalic alkyd resins 

•Phenolic and other tar-acid resins: 
•Phenolic resins, except mixed phenolies: 
•Unmodified: 

*p-tert-Butylphenol- and p-tert-amylphenol-formaldehyde 

•Cresol-formaldehyde 

•Phenol-formaldehyde 



* Resorcinol-formaldehyde 

Bisphenol-formaldehyde 

Xylenol-formaldehyde 

Phenol-furfural -formaldehyde 

p-Phenyl-phenol-formaldehyde 

All other unmodified phenolic resins, except mixed phenolies. 
•Modified: 
•Except rosin ester modified: 

•Phenol-formaldehyde-aniline 

Cresol-formaldehyde-tung oil 

Cresylic acid -formaldehyde-linseed oil 

p-tert-Butylphenol-formaldehyde-castor oil 

p-tert-Butylphenol-formaldehyde-tung oil 

Phenol-formaldehyde-phenol sulfonate 

Phenol-formaldehyde-soya oil 

Phenol-formaldehyde-tung oil 

Phenol-formaldehyde-maleic anhydride-glycerol-fusel oil 

Phenol -formaldehyde-aniline-protein 

All other 



231,357,462. 

436. 

246. 

166. 

231,234. 

462. 

383. 

246. 

183, 214, 525. 

231.397, 464. 

231 383 

214!231,'369, 462, 464. 

18, 42, 352, 464. 

231. 

217, 244, 277, 284, 352, 419, 522. 

36,42, 62, 92, 108, 124, laS, 214, 221, 231, 
246, 248, 284, 354, 380, 383, 397, 409, 
422,436,444,458,460,462,477.526. 

103, 108, 164, 166, 206, 214, .352, 354, 
380, 409, 422, 462, 464, 526. 

42, 92, 108, 147, 214, 234, 246, 383, 
429. 436, 444, 462, 539. 

.36,18.3,234,364. 

ia3, 234. 429, 444, 526. 

248. 

214,234,298,383. 
231. 



234, 462. 
46, 444. 
164, 526. 

284,490,526,539. 



116, 221, 231, 298, 312, 383, 417, 446. 

52, 312, 322, 323, 369, 383, 397, 446, 
462, 474. 

30, 31, 63, 77, 87, 102, 115, 116, 143, 
160, 191 , 219, 231, 232, 233, 268, 312, 
321, 322, 323, 326, 337, 351 , 359. 361 , 
366, 369, 383, 387, 397, 417, 429, 446, 
458, 474, 522. 

63,113.219,446,458. 

312, 462, 474. 

446. 

63,.327,351,383, 440, 446. 

446. 

191,312,397,446,462,487. 



219,369,397,446. 

446. 

446. 

446. 

417. 

188. 

446. 

446. 

446. 

363. 

32, 446, 458, 539. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 194 8 



115 



Table 19B.- — Synthetic organic chemicals: Plastics and resin materials for which 
United Slates production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — 
Continued 



Material 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, BENZENOID— Con. 

•Phenolic and other tar-acid resins — Continued 
'Phenolic resins, except mixed phenolics — Continued 
'Modified— Continued 
* Rosin ester modified: 
*p-tert-Butylphenol-forinaldehy de-rosin ester 

* Phenol-formaldehyde-rosin and rosin esters 

*Bisphenol-formaldehyde-rosin ester 

p-tert-Amylphenol-formaldehyde-rosin ester 

p-tert-Butylphenol-formaldehyde-glycerol-rosin ester 

p-tert-Butylphenol-formaldehyde-maleic-rosin ester 

Cresol-formaldehyde-rosin ester 

Cresol-formaldehyde-tung oil-rosin ester 

Phenol-formaldehyde-glycerol-rosin 

Phenol-formaldehyde-maleic anhydride-rosin ester 

All other 

'Mixed phenoUc resins: 
'Unmodified: 
'Phenols-cresols-formaldehyde 

*Phenol-p-tert-butylphenol-formaldehyde 

'Phenol-resorcinol-formaldehyde 

'Phenols-cresols-xylenols-formaldehyde 

'Cresylic acid -formaldehyde 

Phenol-xylenols-formaldehyde 

Cresols-xylenols-formaldehyde 

Cashew-nut shell-oil type 

Cresylic acid-xylenol-formaldehyde 

Phenol-phenylphenol-formaldehyde 

p-tert-Amylphenol-bisphenol-formaldehyde 

p-tert-Amylphenol-p-phenylphenol-formaldehyde 

p-tert-Butylphonol-p-cyclohexyl-phenol-bisphenol-formalde- 
hyde. 

p-tert-ButylphenoI-bisphenol-formaldchyde 

p-tert-Buty Iphenol-xylenol-formaldehyde 

All other 

'Modified: 

l)-tert-ButylphenoI-bisphenol-formaldehy de-rosin ester 

p-tert-Butylj5henol-phenol-formaldehyde 

Cresylic acid-formaldehyde-rosin ester 

Cresylic acid-formaldehyde-tung oil 

Phenol-cresols-tung oil 

Phenol-xylenols-formaldehyde-tung oil-rosin 

Phenol-xylenols-formaldehyde-aniline 

All other 

'Styrene and styrene derivative polymer and copolymer resins: 

'Polystyrene resins 

Modified styrene polymers 

Polystyrene acrylonitrile 

Polystyrene emulsion 

Polystyrene-polybutadiene 

Polystyrene-polyesters 

Polystyrene-polyisoprene 

Polyst yrene-f umaric acid-allyl alcohol 

Styrene-divinylbenzene 

S tyrene-oil copolymer 

Styrene resins, maleic modified 

All other 

All other benzenoid plastics and resin materials: 

Aniline-formaldehyde 

Coumarone-indene resins 

Petroleum resins 

PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, NONBENZENIOD 

'Alkyd resins: 
'Uimiodified: 

Adipic acid-glycerol 

Adipic acid-glycol 

Azelaic acid-glycerol-oil __ 

Azelaic acid-glycol 

Fumaric acid-glycerol 



6, 191, 221, 231, 248, 265, 298, 383, 

458,461,462. 
164, 166, 191, 231, 232, 248, 380, 383, 

429, 446, 458, 462. 
166, 191, 221, 231, 248, 265, 383, 461, 

462. 
383, 409. 
440. 
231. 
29. 
446. 

116, 246, 383. 
231, 248. 
446, 462. 



53, 79. 102, 168, 191, 219, 312. 349, 

.397, 446. 474. 
191,312,383,446,461,462. 
113,321,337,351,383, 446. 
191, 268, 322, 323, 397, 440, 446. 
312, 369, 387, 397, 446. 
191, 312, 322, 462. 
30, 312, 322. 
63, 312, 327. 
397. 
397. 

164, 312. 
446. 
298. 

446. 
312 
211, 366, 446. 

298, 380. 

231,248. 

458. 

369. 

446. 

446. 

446. 

156, 



233, 246, 383, 446, 462. 

)0. 113, 217, 219, 446, 458, 487. 
X. 

404, X. 



458, 

316. 

446. 

398, 

316. 

X. 

316. 

487. 

164. 

355. 

398,' 446, 474. 



101. 
271, 
181, 



387, 462, X. 
187,271,373,462, X. 



458. 

444, 458. 
125. 
436, X. 
397, 462. 



116 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 19B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Plastics and resin materials for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — 
Continued 



Material 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, NONBEN- 
ZENOID— Continued 

'Alkyd resins— Continued 
•Unmodified — Continued 

Maleic anhydride-glj'cerol 

Maleic anhydride-glycol 

Maleic anhydride-pentaerythritol 

Sebacic acid-glycerol 

Sebacic acid-glycol 

Sebacic acid-glycerol-glycol 

All other 

♦Modified: 
* Except rosin ester modified: 

C yclopentadiene polyesters 

Maleic anhydride-glycol-cresylie acid 

Maleic anhydride-glycol-linseed oil 

Maleic anhydride-ad ipic acid-diallyl phthalate or styrene 

Maleic anhydride-adipic acid-succinic aeid-glycol 

Maleic anhydride-pen taerythritol-glycerol-tall oil 

Maleic anhydride-pentaerythritol-soya fatty acids 

Maleic anhydride-glycerol-linseed oil 

Maleic anhy dride-azelaic acid-glycerol-glycol 

Sebacic acid-glycerol-glycol 

Sebacic acid-pentaery thritol-glycerol-glycol 

All other 

•Rosin ester modified: 
*Fumaric acid polyesters: 

* Fumaric acid-glycerol-rosin ester 

Fumaric aeid-dipentene-rosin ester 

Fumaric acid-glycol-rosin ester 

Fumaric acid-sorbitol-rosin ester 

Fumaric acid-rosin and rosin ester 

•Maleic anhydride polyesters: 
•Maleic anhydride-glycerol-rosin ester 



•Maleic anhdyride-glycerol-pentaerythritol-rosin ester 
•Maleic anhydride-pentaerythritol-rosin ester 

Maleic anhy dride-glycol-rosin ester 

Maleic anhydride-glycerol-salicylic acid-rosin 

Maleic anhy dride-sorbitol-rosin ester 

Adipic acid-glycerol-rosin ester _ 

Salicylic acid-fornialdeliyde-glycerol-castor oil-rosin 

Sebacic acid-glycerol-rosin ester 

Sebacic acid-pentaery thritol-rosin ester 

A 11 other 

•Rosin adduct resins: 

Maleic anhydride rosin adduct 

Fumaric acid rosin adducts 

•Rosin esters: 
•Rosin (abietic acid) -glycerol 

• Rosin (abietic acid) -pentaery thritol _ 

Rosin-glycol 

Rosin -marmitol 

Rosin-methanol 

Rosin-glycerol-gly col 

Rosin-pentaery thritol-glycerol 

Rosin-sorbitol 

Rosin-castor oil 

Rosin-pentaerythritol-china wood oil 

•Tall oil esters: 

Glycerol-tall oil ester 

Pentaery thritol-tall oil ester. _ 

Pentaerythritol-fumaric acid-tall oil ester 

Pentaery thritol-glycerol-tall oil ester 

Pentaery thritol-sorbitol-tall oil ester 

All other __ 



265, 277, 383, 462. 

369. 

42, 429, 462. 

231,380,383,458. 

458. 

458 

221,' 409. 458. 



474. 
440. 
446. 
246. 
369. 
462. 
464. 
446. 
246. 
458. 
383 
219, 369, 436, 446, 458. 



147, 231, 277, 383, 429, 458, 474. 

277. 

221. 

231. 

221, 383. 

29, 42, 62, 116, 147, 166, 183, 221, 231, 
232, 246, 277, 364, 380, 383, 409, 429, 
436, 458, 462, 464, 474, 526, 539. 

231, 380, 383, 444, 458, 460, 462. 

18, 92, 166, 214, 221, 231, 380, 460, 462, 
474. 

231, 461. 

446. 

231. 

116. 

446. 

429. 

429. 

164^ 231, 307, 364, 458, 462, 5.39. 

191, 246, 248, 340, 383, 429, 444, 458, 

462. 
147, 231, 248, 458. 

52, 103, 116, 147, Ififi, 231, 248, 267, 

298, 307, 340, 364, 383, 409, 429, 

444, 462, 464, 474. 
52, 103, 166, 231, 248, 267, 298, 307, 

380, 383, 409, 429, 433, 444, 461, 

462, 464, 539. 
231 . 383. 
444, 461, 462. 
166. 
231. 

231, 383. 
231. 
446. 
267. 

164, 277, 383, 429, 464. 

52, 164, 277, 429, 526. 

307. 

52, 277. 

231. 

298, 409, 436, 462, 526. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



117 



Table 19B. — Synthelic organic chemicals: Plastics and resin materials for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1,948 — 
Continued 



Materiea 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, NONBEN- 
ZENOID— Continued 

'Urea and melamine resins: 
*Urea-formaldehyde type: 
* Urea-formaldehyde -- 

*Urea-formaldehyde type, other: 

Butylurea-formaldehy de 

Isobu tylurea-formaldehyde 

Met hy lurea-formaldehyde 

Urea-formaldehyde-bu tanol-xylene 

Urea-fornialdeh vde-f iirf uryl alcohol 

Another . 

•Melamine-formaldehyde type: 

Melamine-formaldehyde 

Melamine-urea-formaldehy de 

Buty Imelam ine-formaldehyde 

Methylmelamine-formaldehyde 

* Vinyl and vinyl copolymer resins: 

•Polyvinyl acetate 

•Polyvinyl chlorides and copolymers: 

Polyvinyl chloride 

Polyvinyl chloride-acetate 

Polyvinyl chloride-vinylidene chloride 

Polyvinyl alcohol __ 

Polyvinyl butyral 

Polyvinyl formal 

All other 

Miscellaneous nonbenzenoid plastics and resin materials: 
Acrylic resins: 

Polymethyl methacrylate 

Poly butyl methacrylate 

Polyethyl methacrylate. 

Another 

Furfural-furfural type resins 

Polyamide resins (Nylon) 

Polyethylene type resins 

Poly terpene type resins 

Snicone resins^ 

All other 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



21. 107, 14:i, 195, 217, 219, 244, 246, 
248, 249, 312, 321, 326, 337, 351 , 
383, 429, 446, 458. 

246, 284, 351, 436, 458, 474. 

284. 

246. 

248. 

245. 

246. 

143, 219, 246, 248, 249, 383, .397. 
219, 246, 383, 397. 
219, 246, 458. 
246. 

77, 90, 217, 244, 284, 355, 371. 

219, 404, X. 
120, 355. 
266, 404. 
217, 284,371. 
284, 371, 355. 
371. 
229, 404. 



284, 
284. 



, 458, 474. 
., 327, 397. 

', 284, 3.55. 

I, 383,398, 462, X. 

397. 

229, 248, 267, 436, 439, 526, 



Rubber-Processing Chemicals 

Table 21 B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Rubber-processing chemicals for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 

[Rubber- processing chemicals for which separate statistics are given in table 21 A are marked below with an 
asterisk (•); chemicals not so marked do not appear in table 21 A because the reported data are confidential 
and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from table 26. 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 

•Accelerators: 
•Aldehyde-amines: 

Acetaldehy de-aniline- 

Butyraldehyde-N-butyraldehyde ammonia 

•n-Butyraldehyde-aniline 

a-Ethyl-/3-propyl acryl aniline 

Formaldehyde-aniline (Methylene-aniline) 

Formaldehyde-p-toluidine (Methylene-p-toluidine) 

Heptaldehyde-aniline 

Triethyltrimethylenetriamine 

*Dit hiocarbamates : 

C arbon disulflde-methylenedipiperidine 

Dibenzyl dithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Dimethyl ethylenediphenyl dithiocarbamic acid, lead salt 
2,4-Dinitrophenyl dimethyl dithiocarbarrnte 



219, 284, 316. 

219. 

219^ 284, 316, 404. 

37. 

219, 284. 

284. 

316. 

316.' 

219. 
316. 
37. 
316. 



118 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 2 IB. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Rubber-processing chemicals for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — 
Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Con. 

• A ccelerators— C ontinue d 
*Dithiocarbamates — Continued 

Diphenylguanidine salt of dibutyl dithiocarbamic acid 

Modified dithiocarbamate 

Piperidinium pentamethylene dithiocarbamate 

Piperidinium pentamethylene dithiocarbamic acid, potassium 
salt. 
*Guanidines: 

♦Diphenylguanidine 

Diphenylguanidine acetate 

Diphenylguanidine phthalate 

Di-o-tolylguanidine 

Triphenylguanidine 

♦Thiazole derivatives: 

Alkyl mercaptothiazole 

2-(Benzoylthio) benzothiazole 

Bis-N,N'-(2-benzothiazylthiomethyl)urea 

N-Cyclohexyl-2-benzothiazole sulfonamide 

2-(2',4'-Dinitrophenylthio) benzothiazole 

Disulfide alkylated 2-mercaptothiazole 

*2,2'- Dithiobisbenzothiazole (2,2'-Benzothiazyl disulfide) 

N-Isopropyl-2-benzothiazole sulfonamide 

*2-Mercaptobenzothiazole 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, copper salt 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, sodium salt 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, zinc salt . 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole-formaldehyde-cresylic acid-hexameth- 
ylenetetramine. 

2-Mprcaptobenzothiazole-methylene-aniline 

2-Merca ptoth iazoline 

Thiurams: Di-N pentamethylene thiuram tetrasulflde 

Miscellaneous compounds: 

Dibenzylamine 

p-Quinone dioxime dibenzoate 

•Antioxidants: 

Aldehyde- and acetone-amines: 

Acetaldehy de-aniline-hydrochloride 

p-Aminodiphenyl-acetone 

Aniline-acetone, acid derivatives 

Butyraldehyde-an iline 

Crotonilidine-a-napht hylamine 

Diphenylamine-acetone 

rhenyl-/S-naphthy lamine-acetone 

Amino or hydroxy compounds: 

Alkylated diphonylamine._ 

p-tert-Buty 1-m-erosol sulfide 

2,4-Diaminodiphenylamine 

p-p'-Diaminodiphenylmethane 

2,5-Di-tert-amylhydroquinonp 

i8-Di-p-hydroxyphenylpropane 

2,5-Di-tert-butylhydroquinone-_ 

Di-isobu t y 1 cresol 

p,p'-Dimethoxydiphenylamine 

N,N'-Di-/3-naphthol-p-phpnylenediamine 

N ,N'-Diphenylethylened iamine . __ 

N,N'-Diphenyl-p-phenylenediamine 

N,N'-DiphenyIpropylenediamine _. 

Di-o-tolylethylencd iamine 

Hydroqumone monobenzyl ether 

p-Hydroxydiphenylamine. - 

p-Hydroxy-N-phenylmorpholine 

p-Isopropoxydiphenylamine 

Phenyl-or-naphthylamine 

Phenyl-/3-naphthylamine 

p-(p-Toluenesulfonamino)diphenylamine 

o-Tolyl-j3-naphThylamine 

Guanidines: Dicatechol borate, di-o-tolylguanidine salt 

Miscellaneous compounds: 

Dicresyl disulfide 

Dicresy 1 monosulfide 

Dipheny Initrosamine 

2,2,4-Trimethyldihydroquinoline 

Triphenyl phosphite 

Inhibitors: N-Nitrosod iphenylamine 

Peptizers: o-o'-Dibenzamidophenyl disulfide 

Tacklfiers; p-tert-Amylphenol sulfide 



37. 
404. 

219, 316. 
284. 



219, 246, 284. 

219. 

219. 

246, 284. 

350. 

404. 

219. 

219. 

219. 

219. 

404. 

219, 223, 398. 

219. 

219, 223, 284, 316, 398. 

219. 

398. 

219, 223, 398. 

284. 

316. 
22S. 

281. 

316. 
316. 



316. 

219. 

219. 

284. 

J04. 

219, 316. 

316. 

404. 

219. 

219. 

284, 316. 

219. 

398. 

219. 

219. 

284. 

404. 

37. 

219, 284, 316, 404. 

37. 



404. 

284, 404. 

284. 

404. 

284, 

284., 404. 

316. 

398. 

284. 

316. 

316. 

316. 

404. 

219, 316. 

404. 

223. 

491. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 194 8 



119 



Table 21 B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Rubber-processing chemicals for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — 
Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 

•Accelerators: 

•Dithiocarbamates: 

Amyl ammonium dimethyl dithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt.. 

Dibutyl dithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

Dibutyl dithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Diethyl dithiocarbamic acid, copper salt 

Diethyl dithiocarbamic acid, selenium salt 

Diethyl ditliiocarbamic acid, tellurium salt 

Diethyl dithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Dimethyl dithiocarbamic acia, copper salt 

Dimethyl dithiocarbamic acid, lead salt 

Ethylene bis-0-cyano ethyl ditniocarbamic acid), zinc salt. 

Thiurams: 

Mixed methyl ethyl thiuram disulfide 

Tetrabutyl thiuram monosulfide 

Tetraethyl th iuram disulfide 

•Tetramethyl tniuram disulfide 

•Tetramethyl thiuram monosulfide 

'Tetramethyl thiuram tetrasulfide 

Xanthates: 

Di-N-but yl xanthodisulfide 

Di-isopropyl xanthodisulfide 

Sodium isopropyl xanthate 

Zinc butyl xanthate 

Miscellaneous compounds: Diethylthiourea 

Antioxidants: Methyl ethyl ketoxime 

Peptizers: 

Alkyl mercaptans 

Dodecyl mercaptans 

Zinc laurate 



398. 

316. 

219, 316, 398, 491. 

171. 

171, 316, 491. 

171. 

219, 316, 398, 491. 

171. 

398. 

21b. 

491. 

316. 

219, 284, 316, 398, 491. 

219, 284, 316, 398, 404, 491. 

219, 284, 316, 398. 

284. 

316. 

404. 

404. 

316, 398. 

324. 

350. 

315. 

315, 316, 325, 491. 

316. 



Elastomers (Synthetic Rubbers) 

Table 22B.— Synthetic organic chemicals: Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 

[Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) for which separate statistics are given in table 22A are marked below with 
an asterisk (*); products not so marked do not appear in table 22A because the reported data are confiden- 
tial and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from 
table 26. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification 
number with the designated pioduct] 



Product 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



ELASTOMERS. CYCLIC 
•Polybutadiene-styrene type (Buna S) (QR-S) 

ELASTOMERS, ACYCLIC 

Polyalkalene-sulflde type (Qood-rite and Thiokol) 

•Polybutadiene-acrylonitrile type (N types) (Perbunan, Buta 
prene N, Hycar OR, and Chemigum N). 

•Polychloroprene type (GR-M) (Neoprene) 

Polyisobutylene type: Vistanex 

•Polyisobutylene-isoprene type (GR-I) (Butyl) 

•Polyvinyl type (Butvar, Butacite. Koroseal, Vinylite, and Geon).. 
Reaction products of natural rubtrer; 

Polymerized chlorinated rubber elastomer (Parlon) 

Cyclorubbers (Marbon and Pliolite) 

S ilicone elastomers 

Vegetable oil polymers 



78, 123, 144, 145, 247, 297, 398, 487. 



218, 404, 487. 
144, 398, 404, X. 

284, 452. 

429, X. 

203, 485. 

90, 219, 355, 404. 

166. 
5, 398. 
40, 397. 
433. 



120 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Plasticizers 

Table 23B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Plasticizers for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 

[Plasticizers for which separate statistics are given in table 23A are marked below with an asterisk (•); 
products not so marked do not appear in table 23A because the reported data are confidential and may not 
be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from table 26. An X 
signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number with the 
designated product] 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



PLASTICIZERS,' CYCLIC 

Phosphoric acid esters: 

Cresyl diphenyl phosphate 

Diphenyl mono-o-.xenyl phosphate 

Octyl diphenyl phosphate 

Tri(butylcellosolve) phosphate (Tri(ethylene glycol monobutyl 
ether) phosphate). 

*Tricresyl phosphate 

Triphenyl phosphate 

•Phthalic anhydride esters: 

Butyl ben zyl ph thai ate 

Butyl phthalyl butyl glycolate 

Castor oil phthalate 

Castor oil phthalate, hydrogenated 

Cyclohe.xyl butyl phthalate. _ 

C yclohe.xyl methylcyclohexyl phthalate 

Diallyl phthalate 

Di(butylcellosolve) phthalate (Dibuto-xyethyl phthalate) 

* D ibutyl phthalate 

Dicapryl phthalate 

Dicarbitol phthalate (Bis(diethylene glycol monoethyl ether) 
phthalate). 

Dicellosolve phthalate (Diethoxyethyl phthalate) 

Dicyclohexyl phthalate 

Di-2-ethylbutyl phthalate 

Di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate. _ 

•Diethyl phthalate 

Diglyceryl phthalate 

Di-iso-octyl phthalate 

Dimethylcellosolve phthalate (Dimethoxyethyl phthalate) 

Di(methylcyclohe.xyl) phthalate 

•Dimethyl phthalate 

♦Di-n-octyl phthalate 

Diphenyl phthalate 

Ethyl phthalyl ethyl glycolate,. 

Iso-octyl phthalate 

Methyl phthalyl ethyl glycolate 

Polyglycol phthalate 

All other cyclic plasticizers: 

n-Butyl benzene sulfonate 

Camphor, synthetic 

Coumarone-indene plasticizer. 

Cresyl diglycol carbonate 

N-C yclohexy 1-p-toluenesulfonamide 

Dibenzyl sebacate 

Diphenyl cyclohexyl, o-, m-, p- 

Ethyl o-benzoylbenzoate 

N-Ethyl-p-toluenesulfonamide 

N-Ethyltoluenesulfonamide, o-,p- mixture 

E thylene glycol dibenzenesulfonate 

Isopropylidene diphenoxypropanol 

Phenolic coumarone-indene plasticizer 

Phenylpolypropylene glycol propionate 

Phenyl propionate polyglycol ether 

Polyamylnaphthalene 

n-Propyl benzene sulfonate 

St yrene, polymerized 

Tetrahydrof urf uryl oleate 

Toluene sulfonamide, o-,p- mixture 

PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC 

Azelaic acid esters: 

Di-n-butyl azelate 

Di (2-ethylbutyl) azelate 

Di (2-ethylhexyl) azelate 

Di-isobutyl azelate 

Monomethyl azelate 



219. 

487. 

219, 284. 
128, 487. 

128, 219, 230, 264. 
219, 487. 

219. 

219. 

284. 

284. 

210, 387. 

387. 

128. 

128, 284. 

128, 219, 231, 246, 254, 283, 284, 387 

395 
387, 416, 458. 
128. 

128. 

128, 284, 387. 

395. 

128, 246, 355, 395. 

166, 219, 231, 246, 254, 395. 

246. 

128, 387. 

128, 284, 395. 

284. 

219, 231, 254, 283,284. 

128, 166, 246. 

219. 

219. 

246. 

219. 

210. 

390. 

284. 

271, X. 

436. 

219. 

416, 458. 

219. 

246. 

219. 

219. 

390. 

487. 

271. 

236. 

236. 

491. 

390. 

487. 

305, 325. 

219. 



383. 
305. 
305. 
210. 
305. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



121 



Table 23B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Plasticizers for which United States 
production or sates were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 20) 



PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Citric acid esters: 

Tri-n-butyl acetylcitrate 

Tri-n-butyl citrate 

Triethyl acetylcitrate 

Trihexyl acetylcitrate 

Laurie acid esters: 
Butylcellosolve laurate (Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether laurate) 

(Butoxyethyl laurate). 
Butyl laurate 

*Diet hylene glycol monolaurate 

Glyceryl monolaurate 

Methyl laurate 

Polyethylene glycol dilaurate 

*1 ,2-PropyIene glycol monolaurate 

•Oleic acid esters: 

Butylcellosolve oleate (Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether oleate) 
(Butoxyethyl oleate). 

*Butyl oleate 

Cellosolve oleate 

•Diethylene glycol mono-oleate 

Ethyl oleate 

Glyceryl diacetyltartrate mono-oleate 

Glyceryl dioleate 

Glyceryl mono-oleate 

Glyceryl trioleate 

Methylcellosolve oleate (Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether oleate) 
(Methoxyethyl oleate). 

Methyl oleate 

Polyethylene glycol dioleate 

•Polyethylene glycol mono-oleate 

Polyglyceryl oleate 

n-Propyl oleate 

Triethanol amine oleate 

Phosphoric acid esters: 

Tributyl phosphate 

Triethyl phosphate 

Riciaoleic acid esters: 

n-Butyl acetylricinoleate 

Butyl ricinoleate 

Cellosolve ricinoleate (Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether ricino- 
leate) (Ethoxyethyl ricinoleate). 

Diethylene glycol monoricinoleate 

Ethyl acetylricinoleate 

Ethyl ricinoleate 

Glyceryl monoricinoleate 

Glyceryl triacetylricinoleate 

Methyl acetylricinoleate 

Methylcellosolve acetylricinoleate (Ethylene glycol monomethyl 
ether acetylricinoleate) (Methoxyethyl acetykicinoleate). 

Methyl ricinoleate 

Sebacic acid esters: 
Dibutylcellosolve sebacate (Di(ethylene glycol monobutyl ether) 
sebacate) (Dibutoxyethyl sebacate). 

Dibutyl sebacate 

Dicapryl sebacate 

Di (2-ethylhexyl) sebacate 

•Stearic acid esters: 

Amide stearate 

Butylcellosolve stearate (Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether stear- 
ate) (Butoxyethyl stearate). 

•Butyl stearate 

Diethylene glycol distearate 

Diethylene glycol monostearate .-. 

Ethyl stearate 

Ethylene glycol distearate 

Ethylene glycol stearate 

2-Ethylhexyl stearate _■ 

Glyceryl diacetyl tartrate monostearate 

Glyceryl distearate 

Glyceryl monohydroxystearate 

•Glyceryl monostearate 



Glyceryl tristearate 

Methylcellosolve stearate (Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether 

stearate) (Methoxyethyl stearate). 
Methyl dichlorostearate.. 



225. 

225, 283. 
225. 
225. 

210. 

210. 

54, 210, 275, 438, 4S3. 

210, 483. 

138. 

210, 275, 483. 

54, 438, 480, 483. 

128, 210, 483. 

128, 210, 217, 275, 283. 

217. 

210, 219, 275, 305, 483, X. 

210. 

480. 

210. 

54, 210, 305, 483. 

54, 210, 305. 

128, 210. 

210, 275, 305, 325. 

305, 483. 

217, 275, 305, 483, X. 

480. 

305. 

458. 

283. 

219, 283, 395. 

396. 

319, 396. 
319, 483. 

483. 

396. 

210. 

54, 210, 275, 483. 

396. 

396. 

319, 396. 

275, 396. 

284, 319. 

283, 395, 416, 458. 
416. 

284, 458. 

458. 
128, 210. 

210, 237, 275, 283, 319, 395, 416. 

210, 217. 

54, 129, 210, 305, 345, 438, 480, 483. 

210. 

210. 

480. 

128. 

480. 

210. 

275 

54, 129, 210, 275, 305, 345, 438,48 

483. 
210. 
210. 

325. 



857784—49- 



122 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 23B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Plasticizers for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC-Continued 

"Stearic acid esters— Continued 

Methyl pentaehlorostearate 

Methyl stearate 

Methyl trichloro stearate 

Polyethylene glycol monostearate 

Polyglyceryl stearate,.. 

1 ,2- Propylene glycol monostearate. 

All other acyclic plasticizers: 

Adipic acid polyesters.. __. 

Butylcarbinol pelargonate 

Butylcellosolve diglycol carbonate (Butoxyethyl diglycol car- 
bonate) . 

Butylcellosolve pelargonate 

Butyl diglycol carbonate 

N-n-Butylurea 

Castor oil maleate 

Di(butoxyethoxy-ethoxy) methane 

Di(butoxyethoxyethyl) adipate 

Dibutylcellosolve adipate (Di(ethylene glycol monobutyl ether) 

adipate) (Dibutoxyethyl adipate). 
Dibutylcellosolve tartrate (Di(ethylene glycol monobutyl ether) 
tartrate) (Dibutoxyethyl tartrate). 

Dibutyl tartrate .-_ 

Dicapryl adipate 

Diethylene glycol dipelargonate 

Diethylene glycol ester of coconut fatty acid 

Di(2-ethylhexyl) adipate 

Di-n-hexyl adipate 

Di-isobutyl adipate 

Di-isobutyl diglycolate 

Di-iso-octyl adipate 

Dioctyl fumarate ._ 

Glyceryl tripropionate 

Methyl cellosolve palmitate 

Octadecene nitrile 

Pimelic acid ester 

Polyethylene glycol ester of castor oil fatty acid 

Polyethylene glycol ester of coconut oil fatty acid 

Polyethylene glycol ester of soya fatty acid 

Polyethylene glycol esters of Ce and C| acids 

Stearonitrile 

Tributy ! aco'iitate 

Triethylene glycol di(caprylate-caprate) 

Triethyleneglycol dipelargonate _ 



325. 

210. 

325. 

54, 129, 217, 275, 483. 

480. 

54, 305, 480, 483. 

305. 
210. 
436. 

210. 
436. 
491. 
458. 
218. 
218. 
128, 284, 395. 

284. 

210, 254. 
416. 
305. 
483, X. 

128, 210, 284, 395. 
210, 254. 

210. 
210. 
128. 
246. 
395. 
395. 
428. 
458. 
480. 

129, 275. 
217. 
355. 
458. 
210. 
138. 
210. 



Surface-Active Agents 

Table 24B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Surface-active agents for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 

[Surface-active agents for which separate statistics are given in table 24A are marked below with an asterisk 
(*); products not so marked do not appear in table 24 A because the reported data are confidential and 
may not be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from table 26. 
An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number 
with the designated product] 



Chemical 


Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 


SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, CYCLIC 

*Polyhydric alcohol esters and ethers: 

Anhydro hexitol adipate 

Anhydro hexitol castor oil ester 


236. 
236. 


Anhydro hexitol castor oil polyglycol ether. 


236. 


Anhydro hexitol dilaurate 


236. 


Anhydro hexitol dilaurate polyglycol ether 


236. 


Anhydro hexitol dioleate 

Anhydro hexitol dioleate polyglycol ether 


236. 
236. 


Anhydro hexitol distearate -. 


236. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 194 8 



123 



Table 24B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Surface-active agents for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Con. 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, CYCLIC— Continued 

•Polyhydric alcohol esters and ethers— Continued 

Anhydro hexitol glycerol monolaurate 

Anhydro hexitol monolaurate 

Anhydro hexitol monolaurate polyglycol ether 

Anhydro hexitol mono-oleate 

Anhydro hexitol mono-oleate polyglycol ether 

Anhydro hexitol monopalmitate 

Anhydro hexitol monopalmitate polyglycol ether 

Anhydro hexitol monostearate 

Anhydro hexitol monostearate polyglycol ether 

Anhydro hexitol se=quioleate 

Anhydro hexitol tall oil polyglycol ether 

Anhydro hexitol trioleate 

Anhydro hexitol trioleate polyglycol ether 

Anhydro hexitol triricinoleate 

Anhydro hexitol triricinoleate polyglycol ether 

Anhydro hexitol tristearate 

Anhydro hexitol tristearate polyglycol ether 

Anhydro mannitol monolaurate polyglycol ether 

Anhydro sorbitol monostearate polyglycol ether 

Dipropylene glycol salicylate 

Glucose polyglycol ether-polyglycol distearate 

Glucose polyglycol ether-polyglycol oleate 

Glucose polyglycol ether-polyglycol tetrastearate 

Octyl phenoxy polyethoxy ethanol 

Phenyl polyglycol ether 

Polyglycol diamylphenyl ether 

Polyglycol iso-octylphenyl ether 

Polyglycol iso-octyltolyl ether 

•Quaternary ammonium compounds: 

Alkyl dimethylbenzylammonium chloride 

Cetyldimethylbenzylammonium chloride 

Cetylpyridinium chloride 

2,4-Dichlorobenzyldimethyllaurylammonium chloride 

2-Lauroyloxyethylcarbamylmethylpyridinium chloride (Lauryl 
ester of colaminoformylmethylpyridinium chloride). 

Lauryldimethylbenzylammonium bromide 

Lauryldimethylbenzylammonium chloride 

Laurylpyridinium chloride 

Methylol stearamide pyridinium phthalate 

Myristamidopropyldimethylbenzylammonium chloride 

Octylphenoxyethoxybenzyl dimethylammonium chloride 

Oxazolene. substituted 

Trimethylbenzylammonium chloride 

Trimethylphenylammonium chloride 

'Sulfated and sulfonated cyclic surface-active agents: 
*Alkyl benzenoid compounds, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Alkyl aryl sulfonates 

Butylbiphenylmonosulfonic acid and salt 

Butylphenylphenolmonosulfonic acid and salt 

5-Chlorobis('3,5-dichloro-2-hydroxyphenyl)-o-toluenesulfomeacid 
and salt. 

Decylbenzenesulfonic acid and salt 

Dibutylphenylphenoldisulfonic acid and salt 

*Dodecylbenzenesulfonie acid and salt 

Dodecyltoluenesulfonic acid and salt 

Kery Ibenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt -. 

Sodium octylphenoxy polyethoxyethyl sulfate 

Sodium octylphenoxy polyethoxyethyl sulfonate 

Alkyl naphthalenoid compounds, sulfonated: 

*Amylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, and salt 

Benzylnaphthalenedifand mono)sulfonic acid and salt 

l,l'-Binaphthyl-2,2'-disulfonic acid, disodium salt 

*Butylnaphthalenesulfonic acid and salt 

*Diamylnaphthalenesulfonic acid and salt 

*Dibutylnaphthalenesulfonic acid and salt 

*Di-isopropylnaphthalenesuIfonic acid and salt 

Dilaurylnaphthalenesulfonic acid and salt 

*Isopropylnaphthalenesulfonic acid 

*Isopropy 1-2-napht halenesulfonic acid 

*Isopropyl-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Naphthalene sulfonate 

*Nonylnaphthalenesulfonic acid and salt 

Oleylnaphthalenesulfonic acid 

Lignin, sulfonated, and salts: 

Calcium lignosulfonate 

Sodium lignosulfonate. - 



236. 

236. 

236. 

236. 

236. 

236. 

236. 

236. 

236. 

236. 

236. 

236. 

236. 

236. 

236. 

236. 

236. 

236. 

236. 

X. 

236. 

236. 

236. 

458. 

236. 

229. 

229. 

229. 

217. 

199, 217, 453, 458. 

314. 

217, 453. 

480. 

453. 

199', 217, 453, 533. 

325. 

507. 

246. 

458. 

283. 

283. 

X. 



262, 451, 486. 

219. 

219. 

229. 

219. 
219. 



33, 219, 244, 350, 442, 479, X, X. 

258, 469. 

390. 

458. 
458. 

33, 176, 242, 258, 469, 479. 

229. 

284. 

237, 282, 469. 

33, 244, 476. 

229, 258, 507. 

217, 229, 317, 507. 

275. 

59. 

481, X. 

246, 350, 469. 

507. 

105, 275, 399, 442, 478, 505. 

X. 

68. 
68. 



124 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 24B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Surface-active agents for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Con. 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, CYCLIC— Continued 

•Sulfated and sulfonated cyclic surface-active agents — Continued 
•Petroleum aromatic compounds, sulfonated: 

Acid layer type petroleum sulfonate, aluminum salt 

Acid layer type petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt 

Oil layer type petroleum sulfonate 

Oil layer type petroleum sulfonate, ammonium salt 

Oil layer type petroleum sulfonate, barium salt 

Oil layer type petroleum sulfonate, calcium salt 

•Oil layer type petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt 

SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC 

•Nitrogen-containing surface-active agents (nonsulfonatcd) : 
•Amide surface-active agents: 
•N-(Aminoetiiyl)-N-(hydroxyethyl)oleamide (Oleamide of ami- 

noethylethanolamine) . 
*N-(Aminoethyl)-N-(hydroxyethyl)stearamide (Stearamide of 
aminoethylethanolamine). 

N-(Aminoethyl)lauramide 

N-(Aminoethyl)oleamide 

Coconut oil fatty acid amide 

Coconut oil fatty acid amide of aminoethylethanolamine 

•Coconut oil fatty acid amide of diethanolamine 

Coconut oil fatty acid amide of isopropanolamine 

•Coconut oil fatty acid amide of monoethanolamine 

Coconut oil fatty acid ester of N-(2-hydroxyethyl)chloroacet- 
amide. 

N,N-Di(2-hydroxyethyl)lauramide (Diethanol lam-amide) 

N,N-Di(2-hydroxyethyl)oleamide (Diethanol oleamide) 

N,N-Di(2-hydroxyethyl)stearamide (Diethanol stearamide) 

Ethanol amide of chloroacetic acid 

Ethylated lauramido polyethyleneamine diethyl sulfate 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)lauramide (Ethanol lauramide) 

N-(2-Hydroxyethy])myTistamide (Ethanol myristamide) 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)oleamide (Ethanol oleamide) 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)stearamide (Ethanol stearamide) 

N-(2-Hydroxypropyl)oleamide (Isopropanol oleamide) 

Laurie acid ester of ethanol chloroacetamide 

Oleic acid ester of triethanolamine 

Palm oil fatty acid amide of diethanolamine 

Stearamide of diethylenetriamine 

Stearamide of tetraethylenepentamine 

Stearic acid ester of ethanol stearamide 

Amine salts of fatty acids: 

Oleyl glyoxilidine 

Triethanolamine salt of tall oil 

Nitrogen-containing, other: 

Cetyldimethylethylammonium bromide 

Cetyltrimethylammonium bromide 

Dilaurylammonium bromide 

Ethylenedinitrilotetra-acetic acid, tetrasodium salt 

Ethylene oxide addition product of octadecyl guanidine carbon- 
ate and octadecyl amine. 

N-Lauroylpolypeptide 

N-Lauryldiethanolamine 

Nitrilotriacetic acid , trisodium salt 

Oleoylsarcosin (N-Methyloleoylglycine), sodium salt 

Oleylamine polyether alcohol 

Oley Ibiguanide hydrochloride 

Oleylpolypeptide 

Soybean fatty acid chloride salt of sodium lysabinate- _ 

Stearoylsarcosine (N-Methylstearoylglycine) sodium salt 

Stearylbiguanide hydrochloride 

Triethanolamine, coconut oil fatty acid ester 

Triethanolamine stearate 

Trihexylammoniuni sulfotricarballylate 

'Polyhydric alcohol esters and ethers: 

Diethylene glycol monococate 

Diethylene glycol mono-oleate 

Diethylene glycol monostearate 

Ethylene glycol monostearate 

Glycerol esters of normal fatty acids 

Hexitol polyglycol cottonseed oil ester 

Hexitol polyglycol ether hexaoleate 

Hexitol polyglycol ether hexastearate 



459 

61,459,486,495. 

459. 

72. 

72, 262. 

72. 

4, 61, 72, 262, 295, 400, 458, X. 



275, 317, 399. 

33, 217, 237, 275, 317, .399, 481. 

275. 

275. 

176, 478, 479, 481. 

33. 

33, 105, 176, 217, 237, 244, 258, 275, 

317, 457, 507, X. 
476, 481. 

33, 217, 317, 469, X. 
487. 

275. 

258 X 

33,258i275, 469. 

X. 

507. 

59, X. 

X. 

275, X. 

275. 

X. 

X. 

X. 

33. 

217. 

217. 

X. 

258. 

478. 

453. 
453. 
217. 

229, 258. 
246. 

117. 
533. 
229. 
229. 
229. 
229. 
117. 
341. 
229. 
229. 
457. 
501. 
229. 

X. 

275, 507. 

305, 507, X. 

X. 

X. 

236. 

236. 

236. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 19 48 



125 



Table 24B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Surface-active agents for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Con. 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

*Polyhydric alcohol esters and ethers— Continued 

Hexitol ployglycol ether hexa(tall oil) ester 

Hexitol polyglycol ether pentaoleate-- 

Hexitol polyglycol ether penta(tall oil) ester 

Hexitol polyglycol ether-polyethylene glycol dilaurate 

Hexitol polyglycol ether-polyethylene glycol trilaurate 

Hexitol polyglycol ether-polyglycol hexalaurate 

Hexitol polyglycol ether-polyglycol hexastearate 

Hexitol polyglycol ether-polyglycol hexa(tall oil) ester 

Hexitol polyglycol ether-polyglycol monolaurate 

Hexitol polyglycol ether-polyglycol pentalaurate 

Hexitol polyglycol ether tall oil lauric ester 

Hexitol polyglycol ether tetra(oleate laurate) ester 

Hexitol polyglycol hexastearate 

Hexitol polyglycol lanolin ether 

Hexitol polyglycol lanolin oleate ether 

Hexitol polyglycol penta(mixed fatty acid) esters 

Hexitol polyglycol tetrastearate 

Hexitol polypropylene glycol ether dioleate 

Lanolin polyglycol ether 

Methoxy polyglycol monostearate 

Polyethylene glycol monopalmitate 

Polyglycol casein 

Polyglycol castor oil 

*Polyglycol coconut oil fatty acid ester 

Polyglycol decanol ether 

Polyglycol distearate 

Polyglycol lauryl ether 

Polyglycol monolaurate 

*Polyglycol mono-oleate 

Polyglycol monoricinoleate 

Polyglycol monostearate 

Polyglycol oleate linoleate ether 

Polyglycol olein 

Polyglycol oleyl ether 

Polyglycol stearate-oleate 

Polyglycol tall oil ester 

Propylene glycol glycerol mono (cottonseed fatty acid) ester 

Propylene glycol monococate 

Propylene glycol monolaurate _. 

Propylene glycol mono-oleate 

Propylene glycol monostearate 

Propylene glycol monostearate polyglycol ether 

Tall oil polyglycol ether 

Triethylene glycol laurate 

All other 

Salts of fatty acids: 

Potassium laurate 

Potassium oleate 

Potassium salt of peanut fatty acids 

Potassium salt of tall oil 

* Sodium oleate 

Sodium ricinoleate 

Sodium salt of coconut oil fatty acids 

Sodium salt of soybean fatty acids 

•Sodium salt of tall oil 

•Sulfated and sulfonated acyclic surface-active agents: 
•Acids, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Sulfonated aromatic hydrocarbon (hi-flash naphtha) and oleic 

acid 

Sulfonated coconut fatty acids 

Sulfonated cod oil fatty acids 

Sulfonated fish oil fatty acids 

•Sulfonated oleic acid (Sulfonated red oil) 

Sulfonated ricinoleic acid , ammonium salt 

Sulfonated ricinoleic acid, potassium salt 

Sulfonated stearic acid 

Sulfonated mixed soybean, cottonseed fatty acids 

Alcohols, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Decyl sulfate 

3,9-Diethyl-6-tridecylsulfate, sodium salt 

2-E thylhexylsulfate , sodium salt 

7-Ethyl-2-methyl-4-undecylsulfate, sodium salt 



133. 

236. 

236. 

236. 

236. 

236. 

236. 

236. 

236. 

236. 

236. 

236. 

236. 

236. 

236. 

236. 

2.36. 

236. 

236. 

33. 

236. 

229. 

229. 

33, 244, 275, 305, 481, 501. 

236. 

236, X. 

236. 

210, 244, 258. 

210, 236, 258, 275, 305, 505, 507. 

275. 

33, 210, 220, 236, 258, 275, 305, 507. 

236. 

229. 

229. 

236. 

33. 

236. 

X. 

210, 236, X. 

210, 236. 

210, 236, 305, X. 

236. 

236. 

59. 

479. 

275, 438, 507. 

33, 50, 438, 481, 505. 

476. 

476, 507. 

27. 33, 50, 176, 275, 476. 

478. 

33. 

33. 

8,33, 176,275,481. 



64. 

50, 430. 

525. 

105, 275. 

13, 33, 50, 51, 61, 105, 114, 150, 17G, 
190, 220, 229, 244, 252, 275, 305, 
317, 328, 430, 442, 467, 469, 478, 
479, 501, 521, 525. 

101. 

275. 

430. 

50. 



217. 
355. 
355. 
355. 



126 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 24B.- — Synthetic organic chemicals: Surface-active agents for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Con. 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

•Sulfated and sulfonated acyclic surface-active agents — Continued 
Alcohols, sulfated and sulfonated— Continued 

Hexadecy 1 sulfate 

Lauryl sulfate, sodium salt 

Lauryl sulfate, triethanolamine salt 

N-Methyloleylaminopolyethoxyethylsulfurie acid, sodium salt.. 
*Amides, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Coconut oil fatty acid amide, sulfonated, potassium salt 

Coconut oil fatty acid amide, sulfonated, sodium salt 

Coconut oil fatty acid ethanolamide sulfate, sodium salt 

N-(Coconut oil fat acyl)-N-methyltaurine 

Coconut oil fatty acid ethanolamide sulfosuccinate, sodium salt.. 

Coconut oil fatty acid isopropanolamide sulfate, sodium salt 

N-Cyclohexylpalmitoy Itaurine 

Lauramidoisopropanol sulfate^CLauroyl isopropanolamide sul- 
fate), sodium salt. 

Laurie acid ester of potassium sulfoacetoethanolamide 

Laurie acid ester of sodium sulfoacetoethanolamide 

Lauroylamide (polyamine)'taonosulfate 

Lauroylamide (polyamine) polysulfonate 

Methylene-diethanolamide of (stearic and coconut oil fatty acids) 
sulfate, sodium salt. 

N-Methyloleoyltaurine and salt 

N-Methylpalmitoyltaurine and salt 

Myristoyltaurine (Ethanolmyristamide) sulfosuccinate, sodium 
salt. 

N-Octadecyldisodium sulfosuccinamate 

Oleamideisopropanolsulfate (Oleyl isopropanol amide sulfate) , 
sodium salt. 

Oleoyltaurinc (Ethanol-oleamide sulfonic acid) and salt. _.. 

Tallowfatty acid amide sulfonated sodium salt 

Esters, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Diamyl sodium sulfosuccinate _._ 

Dibutyl sodium sulfosuccinate. ._ 

Dihexyl sodium sulfosuccinate 

Dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate 

Lauryl sulfoacetate 

Monostearin sulfoacetate, sodium salt 

•Sulfated n-butyl oleate 

Sulfated n-butyl ricinoleate, sodium salt 

Sulfated ethyl oleate 

Sulfated glyceryl tri-oleate 

•Sulfated isopropyl oleate 

Sulfated methyl, ethyl, propyl oleate 

Sulfated monoslyceridesof coconut fatty acids, ammonium salt. 

Sulfated monoslycerides of coconut fatty acids, sodium salt 

Sulfated n-propyl oleate 

•Oils, fats, and waxes, sulfated and sulfonated: 
•Animal fats and oils, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Inedible animal oil, sulfonated 

Lard oil, sulfonated.. 

•Neat's foot oil, sulfonated 

Sheep grease, sulfonated 

S tearine, sul fonated 

•Tallow, sulfonated 

Wool grease, sulfonated 

•Fish and marine -mammal oils, sulfated and sulfonated: 
•Cod oil, sulfonated 

Fish liver oil, sulfonated 

•Herrine oil, sulfonated 

Menhaden oil, sulfonated 

Seal oil, sulfonated 

Shark liver oil, sulfonated 

•Sperm oil, sulfonated 

All other 



258. 

217, 284, X. 

X. 

229. 

481, 507. 

176, 217, 244, 258. 

33, 317, 469. 

229. 

X. 

244, 479. 

229. 

X. 

X. 
X. 

449. 
449. 
399. 

229. 
229. 
X. 

246. 
X. 

237, 275. 
507. 

246. 

246. 

246. 

237, 246. 

350. 

480. 

33, 217, 275, 476. 

319. 

229. 

507. 

33, 244, 317, 481, 507. 

275, 479. 

X. 

X. 

305, 469. 



525 

14,51,85, 244, 4/9. 

22, 45, 50, 51, 58, 114, 217, 252, 275, 

328, 430, 527. 
525. 
58. 
33, 34, 55, 61, 66, 82, 85, 104, 107, 114, 

1.50, 176, 217, 226, 2.37, 244, 246, 275, 

317, 328, 3o3, 365, 430, 469, 478, 479, 

481, 501, 505, 507, 526. 
525. 

14,45,50,51,55,58, 275, 328, 501, 

521, 525, 527. 
525. 

51, 55, 58, 275, 525. 
51, 55, 58, 525. 
51,275. 
252. 
14, 45, 50, 51, 55, 58, 61, 217, 244, 252, 

275, 317, 328, 525, 527. 
479. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



127 



Table 24B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Surface-active agents for which United 
States production or sales werelreported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — Con. 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in tabic 26) 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

•Sulfated and sulfonated acyclic surface-active agents— Continued 
•Oils, fats, and waxes, sulfated and sulfonated— Continued 
•Vegetable oils, sulfated and sulfonated: 
•Castor oil, sulfonated 



•Coconut oil, sulfonated 

•Corn oil, sulfonated 

Cottonseed oil, sulfonated -_ 

Glyceryl trioleate, sulfonated 

Hydrogenated vegetable oil, sulfonated 

Japan wax, substitute, sulfonated 

Linseed oil, sulfonated 

•Mustard seed oil, sulfonated 

Olive oil, sulfonated 

•Peanut oil, sulfonated 

Peanut oil and oleic acid, sulfonated 

Rapeseed oil, sulfonated _ ..- 

•Rice bran oil, sulfonated 

•Soybean oil, sulfonated 

•TeaseedoU, sulfonated.-- 

All other 

•AH other oils, fats, and waxes, sulfated and sulfonated: 

•Recovered erease, sulfonated 

•Tall oil, sulfonated 

•Petroleum aliphatic compounds, sulfonated: 

Petroleum sulfonate, ammonium salt 

Petroleum sulfonate-mineral oil blend 

Petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt 

All other acyclic surface-active agents: 
Phosphorus derivatives of high molecular weight hydrocarbons 

Polyethylene glycol-tert-dodecyl thioether 

Fatty acids chloral 



8, 13, 27, 33, 45, 50, 51, 58, 61, 82, 104, 
105, 107, 114, 150, 176, 193, 217, 220, 
226, 229, 237, 243, 244. 246. 252, 275, 
317, 328, 353, 365, 427, 430. 442, 467, 
469, 476, 479, 481, 501, 505, 521, 525, 
527. 

34, 50, 51, 55, 114, 190, 252, 275, 430. 

190, 246. 275, 328, 430, 467, 469, 479. 

58, 252, 275, 328. 

237. 

34. 

33. 

328, 525. 

82, 114, 217, 275, 317, 328, 442, 479. 

476. 

61, 82, 85, 190, 193, 237, 252, 275, 317, 
328, 430, 467, 469. 

246. 

328 

193,* 275, 328, 469, 479. 

33, 51, 190, 193, 217, 220, 317, 328, 430, 
525. 

61, 82, 104, 190, 193, 217, 244, 246, 275, 
.328. 

107, 442. 

50. 55, 525. 

220, 244, 478, 525, 527. 

388. 
507. 
284, 388, X. 

196. 
491. 
220. 



Miscellaneous Synthetic Organic Chemicals 

Table 25B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 

[Miscellaneous chemicals for which separate statistics are given in table 25 A are marked below with an 
asterisk (*); chemicals not so marked do not appear in table 25A because the reported data are confidential 
and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from table 26. 
An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of hLs identification number with 
the designated product] 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 

2-(N,4-Acetylsulfanilamide) thiazole 

N,4-Acetylsulfanilamide 

Aminohydroquinone dibutyl ether 

Aminohydroquinone diethyl ether 

Aminohydroquinone dimethyl ether 

Anhydro hexitol._ 

Anhydro hexitol castor oil ester 

Anhydro hexitol polyglycol borophosphate 

Anhydro hexitol polyglycol ether 

Anhydro hexitol tall oil ester 

Anhydro sorbitol tetra (linseed oil acid) ester 



219. 
219. 
395. 
395. 
395. 
236. 
236. 
236. 
236. 
236. 
236. 



128 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 25B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — 
Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Benzoic salts: 

Ammonium benzoate 

•Sodium benzoate, tech 

*Sodium benzoate, U. S. P 

All other 

a-Benzoin oxime 

Benzothiazole 

•Benzoyl peroxide 

Biological stains 

/3-(Benzothiazolyl mercapto) ethyl polyethylene glycol 

4,4'-Bis(phenylureido)-2,2'-stilbenedisulfonic acid 

Butoxymethoxybenzene 

p-tert-Butylcatechol 

tert-Butyl perbenzoate 

Camphene 

2-Carboxydecyl-cyclopentene 

Chemical indicators: 

o-Cresolsulfonphthalein (Cresol red) 

m-Cresolsulfonphthalein (m-Crosol purple) . 

Dibromo-o-cresolsulfonphthalein (Bromocresol purple) 

Dibromoquinone chloroimide 

Dibromothymolsulfonphthalein (Bromothymol blue) 

Dichlorophenolsulfonphthalein (Chlorophenol red) 

Methyl diphenyltetrasodium chloride 

Phenolsulfonphthalein (Phenol red ) 

Tetrabromo-m-cresolsulfonphthalein (Bromocresol sreen) 

Tetrabromophenolsulfonphthalein (Bromophenol blue) 

Thymolsulfonphthalein (Thymol blue) 

Thymolphthalein 

2,3,5-Triphenyltetrasodium chloride 

Another 

•Chemical reagents: 

Aurintricarboxylic acid 

6-n-Amyl-m-cresol 

6-n-Amyl-m-cresyl-4-mercuric hydroxide 

Barium diphenylamine sulfonate 

Diphenylbenzidine 

Diphenylcarbazide 

Diphenylearbazone 

Diphenylthiocarbazone (Dithizone) 

a, a-Dipyridyl 

^-Naphthoquinoline 

Naphthorescorcinol 

N-(l-Naphthyl) ethylenediamine dihydrochloride 

Nitrobenzeneazorescorcinol 

Nitrosophenylhydroxylamine (Cupferron) 

Phenylhydrazine 

Potassium biphthalate 

Quinhydrone 

Reineckesalt 

Sodium biphthalate 

Sodium-2,6-dichlorobenzeneindophenol 

Sulfosalicylic acid, reagent _. 

Xanthoproteic acid 

All other 

N-Chlorobenzenesulfonamide, sodium salt 

Cholesterol 

Copper phthalate 

Cumene hydroperoxide 

Cyclohexyl phosphite 

Cyclopentane 

•Cyclopropane 

Decahydronaphthalene ( Decalin) 

Diamylhydroquinone 

Diazodinitrophenol 

Dibenzyl disulfide 

Di-tert-butylhydroquinone 

2,3-Dichloro-l,4-naphthoquinone 

Dicyclopentamethylene thiuram disulfide 

1,4-Diethylene oxide (Dioxane) 

N,N'-Diethyl-\-N'-diphenylurea 

2-2'-Dihydroxy-5,5'-dichlorodiphenylmethane 

2,2'-Dihydroxy-3,5,6,.3',5',6'-hexachlorodiphenylmethane 

Di-isopropy]-4-hydroxybenzoic acid, sodium salt 

Diphenyl carbonate 



219. 

118, 484. 

84, 118, 219, 325. 

242. 

227, 441. 

219, 223. 

118, 208, 329, 514, 533. 

350, 372. 

219. 

229. 

395. 

487. 

208. 

284. 

242. 

350, 437, 441, 453. 

350, 437, 441. 

350, 420, 437, 441. 

441. 

350, 420, 437, 441. 

350, 437, 441. 

437. 

350,437, 441, 453. 

350, 437, 441. 

350, 437, 441. 

350, 437, 441. 

441, 453. 

437. 

350, 371, 432. 

437, 441, 509. 

242. 

242. 

441. 

441. 

242, 385, 441, 453. 

453. 

385,441,453. 

227, 426, 441. 

426. 

347. 

441. 

441. 

441. 

385. 

336, 391, 520. 

336, 441. 

426. 

391. 

441. 

336. 

242. 

350. 423. 

390. 

428, 509. 

219. 

166. 

387. 

242, 315. 

173, 209, 270, 425. 

284, 325. 

441. 

166. 

219. 

395. 

316. 

219. 

355. 

491. 

392. 

392. 

242. 

391. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



129 



Table 25B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — 
Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

N-Dodecyl pyridyl mercuric acetate 

Ergosterol, crystalline 

Ethyl benzoylacetate 

Ethylene glycol monophenyl ether 

Ethylene glycol monosalicylate 

Ethylene glycol terpinyl ether 

Ethylene thiourea 

Ethyl mercuric p-toluenesulfonamide 

Fenchone 

Ferric phthalate 

*Flotation reagents: 

Dicresyldithiophosphoric acid 

Dicresyldithiophosphoric acid, ammonium salt 

Dicresyldithiophosphoric acid, sodium salt 

*Diphenylthiourea (ThiocarbanOide) 

Di-o-tolylthiourea 

Rosin amine 

Furan derivatives: 

Furfural.-- 

Furoic acid 

Tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol 

Oqllic acid, tech 

Oases (Poisonous, tear, etc.): Biphenylaminechlorarsine 

Gasoline antioxidants 

Gasoline inhibitors 

X, N-Disalicylidene-l ,2-diaminopropane 

*Hexamethylenetetraminc, tech 

l-Hydrocyclohexylhydroperoxide-l 

Hydroquinone diethyl ether 

Hydroquinone dimethyl ether 

Hydroquinone monomethyl ether 

8-Hydroxyquinoline 

'Insecticides, synthetic: 

Azobenzene 

Benzyl thiocyanate 

Chlorocamphene 

Chlordane 

2-Cyclohexyl-4,6-dinitrophenol 

2-Cyclohexyl-4,6-dinitrophenol dicyclohexylamine salt 

Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane (DDD) 

3,4-Dichlorobenzyl triphenyl phosphonium chloride 

*4,4'-Dichlorodiphenyl-l,l,l-trichloroethane (DDT) 

4,4'-Dichloromethoxydiphenyl - 1,1,1 - trichloroethane (Methoxy 
DDT). 

o,o-Diethyl-o,p-nitrophenyl thiophosphate 

*4,6-Dinitro-o-cresol 

4,6-Dinitro-o-cresol, sodium salt 

*Hexachlorocyclohexane (Benzene hexachloride) 

Isobomyl thiocyanoacetate 

Phenothiazine 

Isobomyl alcohol 

Lubricating oil additives: 

Disulfide, liquid 

2,6-Di-tert-butyl-p-cresol 

Sulfene 

p-Menthane 

Methylcyclohexanol 

Methylcyclopentane 

Methylcyclopentane-T-decylcarboxylic acid 

2-Methyl-5-ethoxymethyl-4-aminopyrimidine 

4-Methyl-7-hydroxycoumarin 

4-Methyl-5-(^-hydroxyethyl)thiazole 

Methyl terpinyl ether 

Morpholine 

*Naphthenic acid salts (paint driers) : 

Aluminum naphthenate 

'Calcium naphthenate 

•Cobalt naphthenate 

•Copper napthenate 



242. 

39. 230. 

231. 

355. 

392. 

166. 

491. 

284. 

194. 

219. 

246. 

246. 

293. 

219, 246, 284, 350. 

219. 284, X. 

166. 

170. 

170. 

170, 325. 

270, 443. 

113. 

284. 

695. 

284. 

232. 234, 446, 484. 

208. 

395. 

395. 

395. 

219. 



236. 
325. 
166. 
65. 

487. 
487. 
458. 
325. 
38, 86, 
336, 
101. 



101, 166, 219, 230. 284, 304, 325, 
391, 458, 472, 520. 



219, 246. 

202, 272, 284, 453. 

202. 

84, 219, 283, 284, 304, 325, 374, 391, 

472, 520. 
166. 

271, 487. 
284. 

325. 

332. 

325. 

194. 

325. 

315. 

242. 

336. 

54. 

336. 

166. 

355. 

207, 376, 455, 486, 502. 

127, 200, 207, 277, 376, 455, 486, 502 

529. 
127, 200, 207, 277, 376, 455, 486, 502, 

529 
200, 207, 277, 376, 455, 486, 502, 529, 

534. 



130 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 25B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — 
Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

*Naphthenic acid salts (paint driers)— Continued 

*Iron naphthenate 

*Lead naphthenate 



Lead-manganese naphthenate. 
•Manganese naphthenate 



Mercury naphthenate. 

Nickel naphthenate 

*Zinc naphthenate 



a-Naphthylthiourea (ANTU) 

Phenyl acetone 

2-Phenylcyclohexanol 

Phenylisopropylamine hydrogenated 

Phenylmercurie derivatives: 

Aryl mercuric naphthenate. 

Isobutyl-o-cresyl-4-mercuric acetate 

Mercurous chlorophenol 

Mercurous nitrophenol 

Phenyl mercuric acetate 

Phenyl mercuric borate 

Phenyl mercuric hydroxide 

Phenyl mercuric nitrate 

Phenyl mercuric oleate 

Phenyl mercuric salicylate 

Phenylphosphoric acid,"disodium salt 

Phenylsemicarbazide and hydrochloride 

♦Photographic chemicals: 

Benzofriazole 

3-Amino-l,2,4-triazole 

Catechol (Pyrocatechin) 

Chlorobenzotriazole 

p-Cyanoaniline 

2,4-Diaminophenol dihydrochloride (Amidol) 

1 -Diazo-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid 

N,N-Diethyl-p-phenylenediamine hydrochloride 

N,N-Dicthyltoluene-2,5-diamine hydrochloride 

Ethylhydroxyethylphenylenediamine sulfate. 

N-Ethyl-N-(methylsulfonamide)toluene-2,5-diamine sulfate . 

♦Hydroquinone (Hydroquinol).. 

p-Hydroxyphenyl!;lyfine 

p-Methylaminophenol sulfate (Metol) (Rhodol) 

5-Methylbenzotriazole 

2-Methylthiazoline 

6-Nitrobenzimidazole 

Sodium hydroquinone monosulfonate 

Phthalic acid, sodium salt 

Phthalic acid, lead salt (dibasic) 

Piceoly te, hydrogenated 

Piperidino propyl benzoate pentaborate 

* Plant hormones: 

*2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) 

*2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, sodium salt 

2,4-Diehlorophenoxyacetic acid, diethanolamine salt 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, triethanolamine salt 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid esters: 

Butyl 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate- 

sec-Butyl 2,4-dichloropherioxyacetate 

*Isopropyl 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate 

Methyl 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate 

a-Indole-3-n-butyrie acid 

*a-Naphthaleneacetic acid 

a-Naphthaleneacetic acid, methyl ester 

/S-Naphthoxyacetic acid 

Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (TCP) 

2,4-Dinitro-6-sec-butylphenol 

Propyl gallate 

Protalbinic acid (Amino acid mixture) 

Pyridyl mercuric acetate 

Pyridyl mercuric chloride 

Pyridyl mercuric stearate . 

Pyrogallol (Pyrogallic acid) 

Quinoidine, sulfurized . . 



277, 376, 45.';, 480, 502, 529, 534. 

116, 127, 200, 207, 277, 354, 376, 455, 

486. 502, 529, 534. 
207, 486. 
127, 200, 207, 277, 376, 455, 486, 502, 

529. 
376. 

376, 502, 534. 
116, 127, 207, 277, 376, 455, 486, 502, 

529. 
10, 284, 391. 
528. 
487. 
325. 

376. 
242. 

284. 

284. 

122. 

47, 122. 

47, 122. 

122. 

284. 

122. 

420. 

426, 466. 

227, 441. 

227. 

113. 

227. 

395. 

368. 

445. 

227, 395, X. 

395. 

X. 

395. 

153, 284, 368, 395, 443. 

109, 441. 

284, 368, 441, 443. 

441. 

227. 

227, 441. 

411. 

229. 

406. 

325. 

269. 

38, 219, 272, 284, 462, 487, 520. 

219, 272, 284, 391, 520. 

278. 

186, 316, 542. 

278, 520, 542, 
272. 
186, 
520, 
336. 
246, 
246, 
278. 
219, 
487. 
453. 
282. 
270. 
270. 
270. 

270, 443. 
284. 



219, 272, 278, 284, 487, 542. 
542. 



278, 311, 391. 487, 542. 
278, 311, 487. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 19 48 



131 



Table 25B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — 
Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Quinone 

Research chemicals: 

Acethydrazidepyridinium chloride 

Adenosine triphosphate 

Alicyclic alcohols 

Alicyclic halides 

Cholesterol derivatives 

Cozymose 

Imidazole buffer 

0-2-Thienylalanlne 

2-Thiophenaldehyde 

Thiophene derivatives, other 

2,3,5-Triphenyltetrazolium chloride 

All other 

*Rosin acid salts: 

Aluminum resinate 

Calcium resinate 

•Cobalt resinate 

Cobalt-lead resinate 

Copper resinate 

Iron resinate 

*Lead resinate 

Lead-manganese resinate 

•Manganese resinate 

Zinc resinate 

Salicylanilide (Shirlan) 

Salicylic acid, lead salt (normal) 

Sodium phenate 

Sodium sulfanilate 

Sodium xylene sulfonate 

Sulfosalicylic acid 

•Tanning materials, synthetic: 

Cresolsulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate, sodium salt 

1-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate and salt.. 
2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate and salt.. 

2-N'aphtholsulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate 

Sulfonyldiphenolsulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate 

Tetrahydronaphthalene (Tetralin) 

Tetraphenyl tin 

Textile chemicals: 

Derived from naphthalene 

Derived from pyridine 

Phenolthiosulfonic acid 

Thiophenol 

o-Tolylbiguanide 

Tri-tert-amylphenyl phosphite 

2,4,5-Trichlorophenyl acetate 

Trifluorotolueue (Benzotrifluoride) 

Trioxane._ 

Homo- Veratroyl-homoveratrylamtne 

o-Xenylbiguanide 

MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 

•Acetaldehyde 

Acetaldehy de ammonia 

Acetaldol (Aldol) 

Acetamide 

Acetamidine hydrochloride (Ethanamidine hydrochloride) 

•Acetic acid, synthetic (100%) 

•Acetic acid salts, U. S. P. and tech.: 

•Aluminum acetate 

Aluminum subacetate 

•Ammonium acetate 

Barium acetate 

•Cadmium acetate 

Calcium acetate 

Calcium acetate reagent 

Chromium acetate 

• Cobalt acetate 

Copper acetate 

Ferric acetate 

Lead acetate 

Lead subacetate 



395, 443. 

423. 

347. 

448. 

448. 

434. 

347. 

1. 

423. 

423. 

423. 

423. 

242,385,408, 423,441,445. 

2, 277. 

2, 116, 277,438, 502. 

116, 200, 277, 455, 502, 533. 

533. 

2, 200. 

2. 

2, 116, 277, 455, 502, 529. 

533 

2, 116, 277, 455, 502. 

2, 277, 429, 502. 

284. 

406. 

453. 

453. 

390. 

336, 453. 

456. 

219, 456. 

246, 350, 458, X. 

458. 

229. 

284, 325. 

219, 325. 

284. 
284. 
229. 
441. 
219. 
219. 
392. 
325. 
284. 
219. 
219. 



142, 261, 264, 274, 283, 284, 382, 395, X. 

261. 

261,382. 

336. 

261. 

261, 264, 283, 284, 382, 395,'X. 

246, 261, 284, 336, 391. 

336. 

246, 336, 391, 520. 

391, 520. 

336, 391, 502, 520. 

215, 277, 391, 520. 

336. 

246, 502, 520. 

200, 391, 455, 502, 520. 

261, 336, 391, 520. 

336. 

277, 284, 391, 402, 520. 

336, 520. 



132 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 25B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — 
Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturprs' identiflcation 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

•Acetic acid salts, U. S. P. and tech. — Continued 

Magnesium acetate 

Manganese acetate 

Mercuric acetate 

Nickel acetate 

Potassium acetate 

Sodium acetate 

*Zinc acetate 

*Acetic anhydride: 

From acetylene (100%) 

From ethylene (100%) 

From ketene (100%) 

From recovered acetic acid by the vapor-phase process (100%) 

From acetic acid (other than recovered) by the vapor-phase process 
(100%). 
Acetin: 

Mono - 

Dl 

Tri_ 

Acetoin (Methyl aeetylcarbinol; 

*Apetone: 

*By fermentation 

From isopropyl alcohol 

All o.her 

Acetone cyanhydrin 

AcetonitrOe 

Acetylacetone (2,4-Pentanedione) 

Acetyl bromide 

Acetyl chloride 

Acetylene dioarboxaldehyde bis(diethylacetal) 

Aconitic acid 

Acrylouitrile 

Adipic acid 

Adii)onitrile 

Allyl alcohol 

a-AlIyl-^-succinylurea 

Allylurea 

Aluminum isopropylate 

'Amines: 

Allyl amine 

Amylamines, mono, rti, and tri 

Butylamines, mono, di, and tri 

Coconut oil amine 

l-Diethylamino-4-aminopentane (Novoldiamine) 

Diethylenetriamine 

Dioctylamine 

Dodecylamine 

Ethylamines: 

Mono 

Di 

Tri 

Ethylenediamine, tech 

2-Heptylamine (2-Aminoheptane) 

Hexadecylamine.- 

Hexamethylenediamine. 

Isopropylamine 

Lorol dimethyl amine 

Methylamines, mono, di, and tri 

N-Methyloctadecylamine 

Octadecylamine 

Polyethyleneamines 

Propylenediamine 

Soybean oil amine 

Tall oil amine 

Tallow amine 

Tallow amine, hydrogenated 

Aminoacetic acid, tech. (Glycine) 

2-Amino-l-butanol 

Aminoguanidine sulfate 

2-Amino-2-methyl-l-propanol 

2-Ammo-2-methyl-l ,3-propanediol .__ 

P-Amino propionitrile 



391, 520. 

455, 502, 520. 

391, 520. 

455, 502, 520. 

261, 336, 391, 520. 

261, 270, 284, 336, 391, 462, 520. 

261, 336, 391, 455, 502, 520. 

284. 

355. 

284, 355. 

166, 264, 395. 

166. 



210, 229. 

210. 

210, 254, 395. 

227. 

189, 231, 283, .382, 421 . 

203, 332, 355, 395. 

264. 

246. 

261. 

355. 

441. 

325, X. 

336. 

225, 229. 

246. 

284. 

284, X. 

332, 355. 

431. 

431. 

257, 441. 

541. 
491. 
491. 
428. 
199. 
253. 
355. 
428. 

491. 

491. 

229, 491. 

253, 458. 

219. 

428. 

284. 

283, 491. 

533. 

283, 284, 458. 

229. 

305^ 428. 

355. 

355. 

428. 

428. 

428. 

428. 

151. 

283. 

229. 

283. 

283. 

336. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 194 8 



133 



Table 25B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — 
Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

• Amyl acetates, primary (90%) : 

Normal 

Active 

Isoamyl 

Mixed isomers 

'Amyl alcohols: 

Crude fusel oil (100%) 

Mixed isomers 

Refined fusel oil (100%) 

Primary: 

Normal (n-Butylcarbinol) (100%) 

Active (2-Methylbutanol-l) (100%) 

♦Isoamyl (3-Methylbutanol-l) (100%) 

Secondary: 

Pentanol-2 (Methylpropylcarbinol) (100%) 

Pentanol-3 (Diethylcarbinol) (100%) 

Tertiary : Amyl (2-Methylbutanol-2) (100%) 

Amyl ether 

Amyl mercaptan 

Azelaic acid 

Boron fluoride etherate 

N-Bromosuccinimide 

*Butyl acetates: 

Normal (90%) 

Secondary (90%) 

Mixed esters 

*Butyl alcohols: 
Primary: 

Normal (n-Propylcarbinol) (100%) 

Iso (Isopropylcarbinol) (100%) 

Secondary (Methylethylcarbinol) (100%) 

Tertiary (Trimethylcarbinol) (100%) 

Butyl chloracetate 

n-Butyl ethyl malonic ester 

sec-Butyl ethyl malonic ester (Ethyl sec-butylethylmalonate) 

Butyl lactate 

n-Butyraldehyde 

n-Butyraldoxime 

n-Butyric acid 

Butyric anhydride 

ButjTyl chloride 

Calcium arabonate 

Calcium ethyl acetoacetate 

Capric acid (n-Decylic acid) 

n-Caproic acid 

Caprolactam 

Capryl chloride (Decanoyl chloride) 

Caprylic acid 

Caprylic acid salts: 

Aluminum caprylate 

Zinc caprylate 

*Carbon disulfide 

•Cellulose esters- 

•Cellulose acetate 

Cellulose acetate butyrate 

Cellulose acetate propionate 

•Cellulose nitrate 

Cellulose propionate 

Carboxymethylcellulose 

•Cellulose ethers: 

Ethyl cellulose 

Methyl cellulose 

•Sodium carboxymethylcellulose 

Chemical reagents 

Chloral (Trichloroacetaldehyde) 

Chloroacetaldehyde dimethyl acetal 

Chloroacetamide 

Chloroacetic acid: 

Mono 

Mono, sodium salt 

Di 

Tri 

Chloroacetone 



382. 

284. 

142, 231, 251, 283, 284. 

491. 

283, 284. 

491. 

231, 283, 382. 

491. 

284, 491. 
231, 283, 491. 

491, X. 

491. 

199,491. 

491. 

491. 

305. 

502. 

423. 

231, 283, 284, 355, 382. 

X. 

283. 



231, 264, 283, 355, 382, 395, 421. 

284, 355. 

X. 



189, 

264, 

332, 

332. 

219. 

X. 

497. 

283. 

355. 

350. 

251, 355, 395. 

355, 395. 

325. 

336. 

54. 

138 

251,' 256, 355, 487. 

284. 

325. 

138. 

469. 
520. 
140, 148, 167, 472, 487, 520. 

158, 166, 264, 284, 395. 

395. 

395. 

166,' 284, 441. 

264. 

487. 

166, 487. 

487. 

166, 284, 390. 

24, 431. 

219, 284, 336, 472. 

229. 

336, 487. 

325, 462, 487. 

325. 

487. 

391, 487. 

441. 



134 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 25B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — 
Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Chloroaeetyl chloride 

2-Chloro-N,N-dimethylamine hydrochloride 

3-Chloro-5-hydroxy-2-pentanone 

Chloromaleic anhydride, mono 

Chloronaphtha xanthate. 

/3 Chloropropionitrile 

/3-Chloropropionyl chloride 

Choline chloride 

Citric acid: 

Crude, fermentation 

Refined, fermentation 

Citric acid salts: 

Ammonium citrate 

Calcium citrate 

Iron citrate-- 

Iron ammonium citrate 

Magnesium citrate 

Potassium citrate 

Sodium citrate 

Coconut oil amide (wax) 

Crotonaldehyde 

Crotonyl chloride 

Cyanoacetamide 

Cyanoacetic acid 

o-Cyano-a-ethyl-/3-methylhydrosorblc acid, ethyl ester 

2-Cyano-3-methyl-2-hexenoic acid, ethyl ester 

Cyanuric chloride 

Diacetone alcohol 

Diacetone keto gulonie acid 

Diacetone sorbose 

Diamyl sulfide 

Di-tert-butyl disulfides 

Dibutyl ether (n-Butyl ether) 

Dibutyl maleate 

Dibutyl oxalate 

Dibutylthiourea 

Dichlorodiethyl ether 

Dichloroethyl formal 

l,3-Dichloro-2-hydrox-ypropane (Glycerol dichlorohydrin) 

Dichloroisopropyl ether 

Dicyandiamide 

Diethylaminoethanol 

l-Diethylamino-4-pentanol (Novol alcohol) 

Diethyl carbonate 

Diethyldithio bis(thionoformate)-.- 

Diethylene glycol 

Diethylene glycol chloroformate 

Diethylene glycol diethyl ether 

Diethylene glycol monobutyl ether 

Diethylene glycol monobutyl ether acetate 

Diethylene glycol monoethyl ether (Carbitol) 

D iethy lene glycol monoethyl ether acetate 

Diethylene glycol monomethyl ether 

Diethyl maleate 

'Diethyl malonate (Malonic ester) 

Diethyl malonic ester (Diethyl diethylmalonate) 

Diethyl silicon dichloride 

Diethyl sulfate 

Diethylthiourea- 

Diglycolic acid 

a,7-Dihydroxy-0,/3-dimethylbutyric acid, 7-lactone (dl-lactone)-.. 

Di-isobutyl ketone 

Di-isopropyl ketone- 

Di-isopropyl thiourea 

1,2-Dimethoxyethane 

2-Dimethylaminoethyl chloride hydrochloride 

Dimethylaminoisopropyl chloride (1-D imethy l-amino-2 
chloropropane). 

Dimethyl ether 

Dimethyl formamide 

Dimethyl glyoxime 

Dimethyl glyoxime, sodium 

Dimethyl maleate 

Dimethylolurea 

Dimethyl silicon dichloride 

Dimethyl sulfate.. 



4S7. 

X. 

336. 

350. 

219. 

246. 

246. 

283, 336. 

225. 
225. 

225, 270, 336. 

225, 520. 

225, 270. 

225, 270. 

336, 520. 

225, 336. 

225, 336. 

428. 

X. 

325. 

151,254. 

151, 225, 254, 487, 

X. 

X. 

246. 

219, 283, 332, 355. 

336. 

336. 

491. 

315. 

283, 355. 

283. 

283. 

491. 

283, 355, 487. 

355. 

332. 

355, 487. 

246. 

355, 491. 

199. 

231. 

219. 

355, 385, 390, 487. 

436. 

355. 

355. 

355. 

355. 

355. 

355. 

2S3. 

151, 227, 255, 269, 487, 497. 

497. 

40. 

355. 

491. 

284. 

223. 

355. 

284. 

491. 

423. 

497. 

269. 

284. 

284. 

441. 

385. 

283. 

284. 

40. 

284. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 194 8 



135 



Table 25B.- — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1948 — 
Continued 



Product 



Manufacturers' identification 

numoers faccordiDf: to list 

in table 26) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

♦Dimethylurea 

Dioley 1 malate 

Dipropylene glycol 

Dithiophosphoric acid esters, not included with flotation reagents: 

Barium di(capryl, lauryl) dithiophosphate 

Barium dilauryi, dithiophosphate 

Zinc dihexyl dithiophosphate 

Epichlorohydrin 

Erucic acid 

Ethanolamine, mono, di, and tri 

Ethanolamine sulfite, mono 

•Ethyl acetate (85%) 

Ethyl acetoacetate 

Ethyl acrylate 

Ethyl alcohol, synthetic 

2-Ethylbutyl alcohol (sec-Heyxl alcohol) 

2-Ethylbutyraldehyde ._ 

2-E thylbutyric acid (Diethylacetic acid) 

2-Ethylcaproic acid, metal salts 

Ethyl chloroaeetate 

Ethyl chloroformate (Ethyl chlorocarbonate) 

Ethyl cyanoacetate 

Ethyldiethanolamine 

Ethylene: 

From coke-oven gas 

From ethyl alcohol 

Ethylene chlorohydrin 

Ethylene cyanhydrin 

♦Ethylene glycol 

Ethylene glycol diacetate 

Ethylene glycol diethyl ether 

Ethylene glycol diformate... 

Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether 

Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether (Cellosolve) 

Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether acetate 

Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether 

Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate 

•Ethylene oxide 

♦Ethyl ether: 
Tech. 



U. S. P.- 

Absolute. _ 

Ethyl formate 

2-Ethyl-l-hexanal 

2-Ethyl-l,3-hexanediol 

2-Ethyl-l-hexanol 

2-Ethyl-l-hexoic acid 

2-Ethyl-l-hexyl acetate 

Ethylidene diacetate 

Ethyl lactate 

Ethyl malonic ester (Ethyl ethylmalonate) - 

♦Ethyl mercaptan 

E thyl-1-methylbutylmalonic ester 

Ethyl monobromoacetate 

Ethyl monochloroacetate 

Ethyl o-xalate (Diethyl oxalate) 

Ethyl oxybutyrate 

Ethyl propionate 

Ethylurea 

Ethyl silicate 

Ethyl silicon trichloride 

Ethyl sodium potassium phosphate 

Ethyl stearoylaeetate 

Fats and oils, chemically modified: 

Castor oil, acetylated.. 

Castor oil, hydrogcnated 

Castor oil triethylenetetramine 

Coconut oil, crude, hydrogenated 

Linsped oil, accelerated 

Fatty acids, chemically modified: 

Castor oil fatty acids, dehydrated 

Stearic acid, dehydrated 

Other 



231, 283, 284, 355, 371, 382, 395. 
355. 



203, 284, 332, 355. 
395. 



151, 255, 325. 

219. 

355, 390, 487. 

246. 

246. 

246. 

332. 

199. 

355, 487. 

270. 

219, 

231, 

458. 

166, 

355, 

355. 

355. 

455. 

219. 

231. 

151," 254, 487. 

491. 

284. 

48, 113, 209, 231, 506. 

355, 487. 

246. 

284, 355, 385, 390, 487. 500. 

355. 

355. 

355. 

355. 

355. 

355. 

355. 

355 

355i 487, 500 

166, 203, 355. 

270, 425. 

231 

142^ 251, 270, 283, 284, X. 

355. 

355. 

355, 395, 470. 

355. 

355. 

284. 

246. 

255, 269, X. 

132, 270, 288, 486. 

497. 

487. 

345, 392, ''84, 487. 

151, 231, 283. 

246. 

142, 284, X. 

453. 

40, 355. 

40. 

219. 

X. 

396. 

284, 305, 325. 

229. 

284. 

396, 

396. 
458. 
491. 



136 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 25B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified ty manufacturer, 
i54S— Continued 



Product 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (acconiing to list 

in table 26) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

*Fatty acid esters not included with plasticizers: 

Butyl acetylricinoleate, polymerized 

Butyl palmitate 

Dietliylene glycol mono-soybean fatty acid ester 

Ethylene glycol mono-oleaie 

Etnylene glycol monostearate 

Glycerol pentacrythritol tall oil ester 

Isopropy 1 m y rist at e 

Isopropyl palmitate 

Isopropyl stearate 

Methyl oleate 

■ Methyl fallow 

Pentacrythritol tall oil ester 

Polyethylene glycol oleate 

Polyethylene glycol stearate (wax) 

Polyglycol castor oil ester 

Stearyl stearate 

.\11 other 

Fatty alcohols: 

n-Decyl alcohol 

Dodecanol 

5-Ethylnonanol-2 (2-Undecanol) 

Heptadecanol 

Hexadecanol 

Hexanol 

Lauryl alcohol (1-Dodecanol) 

Octadecanol 

Oleyl alcohol (9-Octadecan-l-ol).. 

Tetradecanol 

All other 

•Flotation reagents: 
Dithiophosphates: 

Ammonium di-sec-butyl dithiophosphate 

Sodium di-sec-butyl dithiophosphate 

Sodium diethyl di-sec-butyl dithiophosphate 

Sodium diethyl dithiophosphate 

Sodium di-isopropyl dithiophosphate 

Fatty amine esters: 

Butylamine oleate 

Dodecylamine acetate 

Hexadecylamine acetate. 

Hydrogenated tallow amine acetate 

Soybean amine acetate 

Tall oil amine acetate 

Tallow amine acetate 

Soybean oil trimethylammonium chloride 

Xanthates: 

Potassium amyl xanthate 

Potassium sec-butyl xanthate 

Potassium ethyl xanthate 

Potassium isopropyl xanthate 

Potassium pentasol xanthate 

Sodium n-butyl xanthate 

Sodium sec-butyl xanthate 

Sodium ethyl xanthate 

Sodium isopropyl xanthate 

Fluoroacetic acid, sodium salt 

•Formaldehyde (37% HCHO by weight) 

Formamide 

Formic acid (90%) 

•Formic acid salts: 

Aluminum formate 

Ammonium formate 

Chromic formate 

Nickel formate 

Potassium formate 

Sodium formate, refined 

Sodium formate, tech 

•Fumaric acid 

•Fungicides: 

Dimethyl dithiocarbamic add, sodium salt 

Dimethyl dithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Dithiocarbamates, unspecified 

Ethylene bis (dithiocarbamic acid) , zinc salt 



396. 

210. 

210. 

186. 

210. 

305. 

21 n, 392, ^SO. 

210. 

210. 

23G. 

275. 

275. 

534. 

210, 275. 

236. 

210. 

138. 

284, 470. 

470. 

355. 

355 

284^ 416, 470. 

284. 

284. 

284, 470. 

284. 

355, 470. 

284. 



X. 
X. 
X. 

246. 
X. 

491. 
428. 
428. 
428. 
428. 
428. 
428. 
428. 

487. 

487. 

487. 

487. 

487. 

293. 

X. 

246, 487. 

487, X. 

219. 

139, 215, 230, 254, 264, 274, 283, 284, 

446, 458, 484. 
284. 
196, 270, 284, 484. 

196, 284. 

391. 

229. 

455, 502, 520. 

199. 

336, 391, 520. 

196, 270, 284, 336, 484, 520. 

225, 246, 350. 

491. 

219,284,316,398,491. 

458. 

284. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



137 



Table 25B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which 
United, States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 
19^8— Continued 



Product 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (accor'ling to list 

in table 26) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

•Fungicides— Continued 

Ethylene bis(N-|8-cyanoethyl dithiocarbamic acid) ferric salt 

N-Etiiyl-N-/3-cyanoethyl dithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Ethyl mercuric chloride 

Ethyl mercuric phosphate 

Ferric dimethyl dithiocarbamate 

*Gases (poisonous, tear, etc.): 

Carbonyl chloride (Phosgene) 

Chloropicrin 

Cyanogen chloride 

Gluconic acid, tech 

Gluconic acid, C. P 

Glucose polyglycol ether 

Glycerol, synthetic 

Glycerol chlorohy di-ln, mono 

Glycolic acid (Hydroxyacetic acid) 

Glycolonitrile 

Guanidine carbonate 

Guanidine hydrochloride 

Guanyl-nitrosamine-guanyl-tetrazene 

Guanylurea phosphate 

*Halogenated hydrocarbons: 

Allyl bromide 

Allyl chloride 

n-Amyl bromide 

n-Amyl chloride 

Amyl chlorides (mixed isomers) 

1-Bromo-oetadecane 

2-Bromopentane 

Butyl bromides: 

Normal 

Secondary 

Iso butyl bromide 

All other 

Butyl chlorides: 

Normal 

Tertiary 

All other 

•Carbon tetrachloride 

Cetyl bromide 

Cetyl chloride 

Chlorodifluoromethane, mono 

•Chloroform: 

•Technical 

*U. S. P 

•Chlorinated paraffin 

Chloropropene 

Chloropropane wax 

Dichlorodifluoromethane 

Dichloromonofluoromethane 

Dichloropentanes, mixed 

1,2-Dichloropropane (Propylene dichloride) 

1-Dichloropropene 

Dichlorotetrafluoroethane 

1,1-Difluoroethane (E thylidene fluoride) 

•Ethyl bromide 

Ethyl chloride: 

•Tech 

U. S. P 

Ethylene dibromide (1 ,2-Dibromoethane) 

•Ethylene dichloride (1,2-DichIoroethane) 

Ethyl iodide, tech 

Hexachlorobutadiene 

Hexachloroethane 

Hexachloropropylene 

Isoamyl chloride 

Isopropyl bromide 

Isopropyl chloride 

•Methyl bromide 

1-Methylbutyl bromide 

Methyl chloride (Chloromethane): 

Crude 

•Refined (refrigerant grade) 

Methylene bromide (Dibromomethane) 



219. 
219. . 
284. 
284. 
219, 284. 

325, 498. 

111. 

246. 

225. 

385. 

236. 

332. 

314, 395. 

284. 

246. 

246. 

456. 

X. 

246. 

448, 487. 

332. 

441 i 448, 487. 

448. 

491. 

229. 

269, 448. 

385, 441, 448, 487, 497. 
269, 448, X. 
487. 
441, 448. 

355. 

441, 448. 

284, 448. 

167, 451, 472, 487. 

487. 

314. 

334. 

15, 96, 284, 487. 

15, 284, 487. 

166, 203, 325, 451. 

487. 

325. 

334. 

334. 

491. 

355, 487. 

332. 

334. 

391 

86, 255, 448, 487, 497. 

166, 284, 374, 487. 

332, 487. 

93, 472, 487, 506. 

355, 374, 390, 458, 487, 500. 

448, 541. 

325. 

487. 

325. 

269, 448. 

448, 487, X. 

325, 487. 

86, 93, 472, 487. 

497. 

96, 284. 

80, 284, 302, 487. 

487. 



857784—49- 



-10 



138 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 25B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which 
United States p7-oduction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 
1948— Continued 



Product 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

*Halogenated hydrocarbons— C ontinued 
Methylene chloride (Dichloromethane): 

Crude __. 

'Refined (refrigerant grade) 

Methyl iodide, tech 

Methyl iodide, C. P.... 

Pentachlorocthane - 

n-Propyl bromide. __ 

Tetrabromoethane (Acetylene tetrabromide) 

sym.-Tetrachloroetliane (Acetylene tetrachloride) 

Tetrachloroethylene (Perchloroethylene) 

1 , 1, l-Trichloroethane (Methyl chloroform) 

1,1,2-Trichloroethane (Vinyl trichloride) 

Trichloroethylene 

Trichloromonofluoro methane 

Trichlorotrifluoroethane 

Trimethylene bromide. 

Trimethylene chlorobromide (l-Bromo-3-chloro-propane) 

Vinyl chloride, monomer 

Vinylidene chloride, monomer 

All other 

Heptane 

Hexamethylenediammonium adipate 

Hexitol poiyglycol borophosphate 

Hexitol poiyglycol ether 

n-Hexyl alcohol 

n-Hexyl ether 

l,a-Hydroxy-^-0-diraethyl-7-butyrolactone 

2-Hydroxyethanesulfonic acid 

a, 2- (Hydroxyethyl) acetoacetic acid-r-lactone 

Hydro xyisobutyronitrile (Acetone cyanhydrin) 

'Insecticides: 

Aliphatic thiocyanates 

Cyclohexyl caprate 

Glycol sebacate 

Hexaethyl tetrasphosphate 

Lorol rhodanate 

Tetraethy 1 phosphates 

Tetraethy 1 pyrophosphate, tech 

Tetraethy 1 pyrophosphate 

Isoamyl caproate 

Isoamylethylmalonic ester 

Isoamyl formate 

Isobutyl propionate 

IsobutjTaldehyde 

Isobutyric acid 

Iso-octyl alcohol 

Isoprene . 

Isopropanolam.ine 

*Isopropyl acetate 

*Iso propyl alcohol (Isopropanol) : 



91%-- 
95%.. 
99%.. 
100%. 



Isopropyl ether 

Isopropylethyl malonic ester. 

Isovaleric acid 

Itaconic acid 

'Lactic acid (100%): 

'Edible 

'Medicinal 

'Tech. 



Lactic acid salts: 
Calcium lactate. .. 

Copper lactate 

Ferrous lactate 

'Sodium lactate 

Strontium lactate . 

• All other 

Lauroyl chloride 

Lauroyl peroxide 

Levulinic acid -. 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



96, 487. 

96, 284, 487. 

448, 541. 

385. 

284. 

441, 448, 487. 

487. 

284, 472, 487. 

284, 339, 487. 

487. 

355, 487. 

284, 339, 472, 487. 

334. 

334. 

448, 487. 

487. 

284, 355, 404, 487, X. 

404, 487. 

448, 500. 

355. 

284. 

236. 

236. 

355. 

355. 

336. 

229. 

336. 

284. 

458. 

210. 

458. 

93. 196. 

284. 

185, 219, 472. 

196. 

93. 

251. 

269. 

251. 

284. 

284. 

263. 

203. 

194. 

355, 487. 

284, 355, 395, X. 

355. 

203, 283, X. 

X. 

X. 

332. 

203, 332, 355, X. 

X. 

263, X. 

225. 

284, 401, 413, X. 

284. 

284, 401, 413, X. 



401, 

X. 

270. 

270, 

270, 

246. 

480. 

208. 

503. 



X. 



336, 401, 413, 469, 533, X. 
336. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 194 8 



139 



Table 25B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for lohich 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 
1948— Continued 



Product 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

*Linoleic acid salts: 

Aluminum linoleate - -- 

Ammonium linoleate 

'Calcium linoleate 

*Cobalt linoleate 

Iron linoleate . 

*Lead linoleate 

Lead manganese linoleate 

*Manganese linoleate 

Zinc linoleate 

Lubricating-oil additives: 

High molecular weight hydrocarbons 

SuUurized thialkene wax oleflnes 

Lorol chloride 

Maleic acid 

Maleic anhydride 

Malic acid 

Malic acid, sodium salt 

Malonic acid... 

Mannitol 

Maimitol hexanitrate 

Mercaptans, alkyl mixed 

Mercaptans, crude 

Mesityl oxide 

Metaldehyde 

Methacrylates, above methyl 

a-Methaerylic acid 

•Methanol, synthetic 

Methoxymethoxyethanol 

l-Methoxy-2,4-pentadione 

Methyl acetate 

Methyl acetone acetal 

Methyl acrylate, monomer 

Methyl amyl ketone 

Methyl chloroformate 

Methyl cyanoacetate 

Methylenebis-stearamide 

Methylene citric acid 

N,N'Methylenedialanine 

N,N'-Methylenediglycine 

Methyl ethyl ketone (Methyl acetone) 

Methyl formate 

Methyl glycolate (Methyl hydroxyacetate) 

4-Methylhexanone-2 

Methyl hexyl ketone 

1-Methylisobutylcarbinol (4-Methyl-2-pentanol) 

1-Methylisobutylcarbinyl acetate (4-Methyl-2-amyl acetate) 

Methyl isobutyl ketone 

Methyl lactate 

Methyl magnesium bromide 

Methyl mercaptan (Methanethiol) 

Methyl methacrylate _._ 

Methyl methoxyacetate 

Methyl monochloroacetate 

Methylolurea, mono and di 

2-Methyl-2,4-pentanediol 

Methyl propyl carbinyl malonic ester 

Methyl propyl ketone 

Methyl succinate 

N-Methyltaurine 

Methyl triglycol acetate 

Methylurea 

Monoethylethylmalonic acid 

Nitrohydroxy compounds: 

2-Nitro-l-butanol 

2-Nitro-2-methyl-l,3-propanediol 

2-Ni tro-2-methyl-l -propanol 

Tris(hydroxymethyl)nitromethane--- 

Nitroparailins: 

Nitroethane 

Nitromethane 

1-Nitropropane 

2-Nitropropane 



200, 438, 502. 

200, 277. 502. 

200, 277, 455. 

200, 277, 455, 502, 533. 

502. 

200. 277, 455, 502, 533. 

.533. 

200! 277, 455, 502. 

502. 



459. 
174. 
284, 
269, 
219, 
350, 
336. 
411, 
236. 
236. 
441, 
262. 
332, 
261, 
284, 
284. 
161, 
284. 
336. 
284, 
274. 
458. 
355. 
436. 
254, 
428. 
199. 
377. 
377. 
332, 
254, 



325. 

350, 509. 
246, 350. 
509. 

487. 



541. 

355. 
283. 
458. 

264, 274, 283, 281, 355, 358. 
355. 

487. 



355, 395, X. 
284. 



269. 

458. 

332, 355. 

284, 355. 

332, 355. 

413. 

423. 

132. 

284, 435, 458. 

336. 

336, 480, 487. 

469. 

283, 332, 355. 

269. 

X. 

142. 

229. 

355. 

453. 

497. 

283. 
283. 
283. 
283. 

283. 
283. 
283. 
283, 



140 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 25B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which 
United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 
i54S— Continued 



Product 



Manufacturers' idontification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 23; 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Nonenoic acid 

Octadecane amide. 

Octadecanenitrile 

Octadecene amide _. 

Octadecyl silicon trichloride 

1-Octanol (Capryl alcohol) 

2-Octanol (sec-Capryl alcohol) 

Octene 

Octyl oleyl malate 

•Oleic acid salts: 

Aluminum oleate 

Ammonium oleate 

Barium zinc oleate 

*Copper oleate 

*Lead oleate 

Sodium oleate 

Oleoyl chloride 

*Oxalic acid 

Oxalic acid salts: 

Ammonium oxalate 

Ferric ammonium oxalate 

Ferric sodium oxalate 

Calcium oxalate 

Iron oxalate 

Lead oxalate 

Potassium binoxalate 

Potassium oxalate 

Sodium oxalate 

Palmitic acid salts: 

Aluminum palmitate 

Zinc palmitate 

Palmitoyl chloride 

Paracetaldehyde 

Paraformaldehyde 

Pelargonic acid (Nonanoic acid) . 

Pelargonyl chloride 

*Pentaerythritol 

*Pentaerythritol tetranltrate 

Phosphorus derivatives of high-molecular-weight hydrocarbons 

Pine oil, synthetic 

Polyhexamethy lenediamine adipic acid _ 

Polyhexamethyleuediamine sebacic acid 

Polyethylene glycol 

Polyethylene glycol hexitol polyglycol ether 

Polyglycerol 

Polyglycol diacetates 

Polymethacrylic acid 

Polypropylene glycol 

Propionaldehyde 

Propionic acid 

Propionic acid salts: 

Calcium propionate 

Sodium propionate 

Zinc propionate 

Propionic anhydride 

Propionyl chloride 

n-Propyl acetate 

n-Propyl alcohol (Propanol) 

Propylene 

Propylene chlorohydriu 

Propylene glycol 

Propylene glycol dipropionate 

Propylene glycol glucoside 

Propylene oxide 

Propyl mercaptan_ 

Pyruvic acid 

'Research chemicals: 

Alkane and alkene hydrocarbons 

Alkene sulfonic acids, mixed 

Alkyl mercaptans 

Alloxan monohydrate 

Ethane sulfonic acid 

Fluoroacetic acids and derivatives 

Grignard reagents 

Halogenated nitriles 



11. 

428. 

428. 

428. 

40. 

284, 416, 470. 

458. 

458. 

219. 

200, 277, 502. 

438, 502. 

502. 

200, 277, 376, 455, 502, 529. 

127, 200, 502. 

5:53. 

229, 469. 

98, 196, 225, 391. 

225, 270, 391, 520. 

225. 

225. 

520. 

225. 

520. 

225, 336, 520. 

225, 391, 520. 

196, 270, 336, 391, 520. 

275. 

135, 275. 

229. 

261. 

274, 284, 484. 

305, 392. 

325. 

166^ 291, 484. 

166, 284, 291. 

X. 

166. 

284. 

284. 

236, 355, 500. 

236. 

219, 398, 480. 

210. 

284. 

355. 

284. 

284, 395. 

284. 
284. 
520. 

264, 355. 
325. 

283. 284. 
264, 284. 
284. 
355. 

284, 355, 390, 487. 
210. 

236. 

255, 487. 
288, 441. 
223. 

470. 
459. 
470. 
163. 
459. 
448. 
423. 
448. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 194 8 



141 



Table 25B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which 
United States production or sales ivere reported, identified hy manufacturer, 
194s— Continued 



Product 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

* Research chemicals— Continued 

Lead tetra-acetate 

Methane sulfonic acid 

Rare sugars 

Trimethylacethydrazine ammonium chloride 

Other 

Saccharic acid, calcium salt 

Sarcosine (N-Methylaminoacetic acid) 

Sebacic acid 

Semicarbazide hydrochloride 

Silicones: 

Fluids 

Greases 

Sodium ethoxide 

Sodium ethyl oxalacetate - 

Sodium formaldehyde sulfoxylate 

Sodium formaldehyde bisulfite 

Sodium methylate 

Sodium sorbitol borate 

Sorbitol 

Soybean fatty acid chloride 

•Stearic acid salts: 
'Aluminum distearate 

'Aluminum monostearate 

'Aluminum tristearate 

Ammonium stearate 

'Barium stearate 

Cadmium stearate 

'Calcium stearate 

Ferrous stearate 

'Lead stearate 

Lithium stearate 

•Magnesium stearate 

Manganese stearate 

Potassium stearate 

Sodium stearate 

•Ziuc stearate 

Stearoyl chloride 

Succinaldehyde bis(diethylacetal) 

Succinic acid 

Succinic anhydride 

Succinic bromide 

Succinic chlorimide 

Succinimide 

Succinonitrile 

Sucrose octa-acetate 

Sulfonated thiocarbanilide acetaldehyde ammonia compound 

'Tall oil salts (Linoleic-rosin acid salts): 

•Cobalt tallate 

Cobalt-lead-manganese tallate 

'Lead tallate 

Lead -manganese tallate 

Manganese tallate 

Potassium tallate 

Tartaric acid salts: 

Ammonium tartrate 

Potassium tartrate 

Sodium tartrate 

Tetra-acetylribonic acid 

Tetra-acetylribonyl chloride 

Tetra-acetylribose 

Tetraethylene glycol 

Tetraethyleneglycol dimethyl ether 

Tetraethyl lead 

Tetramethylthiuram, disulfide base 

Textile chemicals, other than surface-active agents: 

Ethylaminoethylethanol-(fatty)-amide 

Methylaminoethylethanol-(fatty)-amide 

Sorbitol polyglycol ether polyethylene glycol 

Quatenary ammonium compounds 



Manufacturers' identification 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



,509. 

242, 385, 423, 441, 470, 509 



458. 
54L 



40. 

40. 
231. 
231. 
82. 
441. 

224, 284, X. 
236. 
236. 
469. 

7, 25, 74, 127, 135, 246, 270, 275, 318, 

469. 
25, 74, 135, 270, 275, 318. 
25, 74, 127, 135, 246, 270, 275, 318, 

469. 
135, 275. 533. 
7, 25, 127, 135, 270, 469. 
127. 

7, 25, 127, 135, 246, 270, 275, 318, 469. 
469. 

127, 135, 275, 406, 469, 502. 
127. 

7, 25, 127, 135, 246, 270, 275, 318, 469. 
469. 
270. 

270, 275, 502. 
7, 25, 127, 135, 246, 270, 275, 318, 

336, 438, 469. 
229. 
336. 
350. 

219, 350, 411, 420. 
350. 
350. 

350, 423, 441. 
246. 
261. 
219. 

200, 277, 376, 455, 502, 529. 

277, 502. 

376, 455, 502, 534. 

502. 

200, 376, 455, 502. 

476, 507. 

336. 
336. 
336. 
336. 
336. 
336. 
487. 
355. 
284, 374. 



399. 
399. 
236. 
469. 



142 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 25B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which 
United States production or sales xvcre reported, identified "by manufacturer, 
i94S— Continued 



Product 



Manufacturers' identifination 

numbers (according to list 

in table 26) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Thioacetic acid (Sulfoacetic acid) 

Thioformamide 

Thioglycerol 

Thioglycolic acid (Mercaptoaoetic acid) 

Thioglyeolic acid salts: 

'Ammonium thioglycolate 

Sodium thioglycolate 

Thiourea 

Tributyl borate.. 

Tributyl phosphite. 

Triethylene glycol 

Triet hyl orthoacetate 

Triethyl orthoformate (Ethyl orthoformate) 

Triethyl orthopropionate. 

Triethylene glycol dichloride 

Trifluoroacetic acid, sodium salt 

Tri-isobutylene . 

Trimethylene chlorohydrin 

Trimethyleno glycol 

Trimethyl orthoformate 

Tripropylene glycol.. 

Tris (hydroxymethyl) aminomethane 

Undecylenic acid -.. 

Urea (solid) 

Urea in feed compounds 

Urea in solid fertilizer 

Urea In urea-ammonia folution 

7-Valerolactone -. 

Vinyl acetate, monomer.. 

Zinc formaldehyde sulfoxylate - 

Zinc ribonate 



284, 441. 
330. 
141. 
141, 227. 

134, 141, 180, 227 

141. 

219, 223. 

283. 

284. 

487. 

441. 

254. 

441. 

355. 

325. 

345. 

441. 

1, 355. 

254. 

487. 

283. 

396. 

284. 

284. 

284. 

284. 

219. 

261, 284. 

82. 

336. 



Directory of Manufacturers 

The Directory of Manufacturers lists the companies that reported 
production of synthetic organic chemicals to the United States Tariff 
Commission. The name of each manufacturer listed in the directory 
is preceded by an identifying number. 

The Directory of Manufacturers for 1948 includes 541 companies 
(see table 26). This number is 17 less than the number of companies 
reporting in 1947 but nearly 300 more than the number reporting 
before the war. Some companies which report production of syn- 
thetic organic chemicals consume their entire output in further 
manufacturing. 

In this Directory of Manufacturers the companies are listed in two 
sections: (1) In numerical order, the identifying number being given 
to the company in the order in which its schedule was received by the 
Commission and (2) in alphabetical order. This system, though 
requiring two sections instead of the single section given in previous 
years, obviates delay in assigning numbers to companies until all 
schedules are returned and greatly speeds preparation of the tables 
in part III. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 194 8 



143 



Table 26. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1948 
Section 1. Numerical Directory 

[Names of synthetic organic chemical manufacturers who reported production or sales to the United States 
Tariff Commission for 1948 are listed below in order of their identification numbers as used in table-s in 
part III. Section 2 of this table lists these manufacturers alphabetically and gives their office and plant 
addresses] 



No. 


Name of company 


No. 


Name of company 


1 


Edcan Laboratories 


76 


Seattle Gas Co. 


2 


Meyer, J., & Sons 


"T 


Special Chemicals Co. 


3 


Keystone Color Works, Inc. 


78 


Copolymer Corp. (R. R.).i 


4 


Nu-Guard Chemicals, Inc. 


79 


M & M Wood Working Co. 


5 


Marbon Corp. 


80 


Virginia Smelting Co. 


6 


Locto Co. 


81 


Polychemical Co. 


7 


Synthetic Products Co. 


82 


Royce Chemical Co. 


8 


Burkart-Schier Chemical Co. 


83 


Coopers Creek Chemical Corp. 


9 


Bates Chemical Co. 


84 


Tennessee Products & Chemical Corp. 


10 


Hexagon Chemicals, Inc. 


85 


Southern Sizing Co. 


11 


Wallace & Tiernan Products, Inc. 


86 


Michigan Chemical Corp. 


12 


Huggins, James, & Son, Inc. 


87 


Colt's Manufacturing Co. 


13 


Carolina Aniline & Extract Co. 


88 


Spicer-Gerhart Corp 


14 


Kehew-Bradley Co. 


89 


Cabot, Samuel, Inc. 


15 


Brown Co. 


90 


American Polymer Corp. 


16 


Pennsylvania Industrial Chemical Corp. 


91 


Miles Laboratories, Inc. 


17 


Nutrition Research Laboratories 


92 


Fuller, W. P., & Co. 


18 


Keystone Varnish Co. 


93 


Eston Chemicals, Inc. 


19 


Solvent Chemical Co., Inc. 


94 


Martin, Glenn L., Co. (Chemicals Div.) 


20 


Beaudrv Wall Paper Corp. 


95 


Foster-Heaton Co. 


21 


U. S. Oil Co. 


96 


Belle Alkali Co. 


22 


Chaflardon, J. 


97 


Magnolia Petroleum Co. 


23 


Spaulding Fibre Co., Inc. 


98 


Oldbury Electro-Chemical Co. 


24 


Smith-New York Co., Inc. 


99 


Guyan Color & Chemical Works 


25 


PljTnouth Organic Laboratories, Inc. 


100 


Werner Drug & Chemical Co. 


26 


Levey, Frederick H., Co., Inc. 


101 


Cincinnati Chemical Works, Inc. 


27 


All-Tex Specialties Co. 


102 


Watertown Manufacturing Co. 


28 


Pratt & Lambert, Inc. 


103 


Crown Oil Products Corp. 


29 


Kay & Ess Co. 


104 


Industrial Products, Inc. 


30 


Raybestos-Manhattan, Inc. 


105 


Scholler Brothers, Inc. 


31 


Knoedler Chemical Co. 


106 


Dow Chemical Co. (Styrene Div.) (R. R.)i 


32 


Valite Corp. 


107 


U. S. Finishing Co. 


33 


Amalgamated Chemical Corp. 


108 


Arco Co. 


34 


Farrington, W. U., Estate of 


109 


Industrial DyestufE Co. 


35 


Tri-mer Chemical Co., Inc. 


110 


Peerless Color Co., Inc. 


36 


Red Spot Paint Co. 


111 


Innis, Speiden & Co. 


37 


Chemico, Inc. 


112 


Atlas Wall Paper Mills, Inc. 


38 


Kolker Chemical Works, Inc. 


113 


Koppers Co., Inc. (Chemical Div.) 


39 


Standard Brands, Inc. 


114 


Laurel Soap Manufacturing Co., Inc. 


40 


Dow Corning Corp. 


115 


Armstrong Cork Co. 


41 


Roosen, H. D., Co., Inc. 


116 


California Flaxseed Products Co. 


42 


Long, Chas. R., Jr., Co. 


117 


Maywood Chemical Works 


43 


Corn Products Refining Co. 


118 


Cadet Chemical Corp. 


44 


Remington Arms Co., Inc. 


119 


Sheftield Farms Co., Inc. (Chemurgic Div.) 


45 


Ottol Oil Co. 


120 


Pathfinder Chemical Corp. 


46 


Hanna Industrial Finishes Co. 


121 


Cutter Laboratories. 


47 


Hamiliton Laboratories, Inc. 


122 


Berk, F. W., & Co., Inc. 


48 


Liquid Carbonic Corp. 


123 


General Tire & Rubber Co. (R. R.)' 


49 


Coastwise Petroleum Co. 


124 


Pontiac Varnish Co. 


50 


White & Baglev Co. 


125 


Rinshed-Mason Co. 


51 


Salem Oil & Grease Co. 


126 


Chemical Products Corp. 


52 


Bird & Son, Inc. 


127 


Witco Chemical Co. 


53 


Farley & Loetscher Manufacturing Co. 


128 


Ohio-Apex. Inc. 


54 


Carlisle Chemical Works, Inc. 


129 


Van Dyk & Co. 


55 


Marden-Wild Corp. 


130 


Western Dry Color Co. 


56 


Hampden Color & Chemical Co. 


131 


Wamer-Jenkinson Manufacturing Co. 


57 


Sun Chemical Corp. (Pigments Dept.) 


132 


Union Oil Co. of California. 


58 


Atlas Refinery, Inc. 


133 


Gulf Oil Corp. 


59 


Synthetic Chemicals, Inc. 


134 


Summit Chemical Products Corp. 


60 


Patent Chemicals, Inc. 


135 


Lefftngwell Co. 


61 


Sonneborn, L., Sons, Inc. 


136 


Wilhams, C. K., & Co. 


62 


Advance Paint Co. 


137 


Premo Pharmaceutical Laboratories, Inc. 


63 


Borden Co. (Durite Plastics Div.). 


138 


El Dorado Oil Works. 


64 


Masury-Yoimg Co. 


139 


Borden Co. (Chemical Div.). 


65 


Hyman, Julius, & Co. 


140 


Old Hickory Chemical Co. 


66 


Siddall, George F., Co., Inc. 


141 


Evans Chemetics, Inc. 


67 


Poughkeepsie Dyestufl Corp. 


142 


Fritzsche Brothers, Inc. 


68 


Marathon Corp. (Chemical Div.). 


143 


Catalin Corp. of America 


69 


International Minerals & Chemical Corp. 


144 


Firestone Tire & Rubber Co. (R. R.)i 


70 


Neches-Butane Products Co. (R. R.).i 


145 


Firestone Tire & Rubber Co. (R. R.)> 


71 


Lewis, John T., & Bros., Co. 


146 


New York Quinine & Chemical Works, Inc 


72 


Sinclair Refining Co. 


147 


Osborn, C. J., Co. 


73 


Colgate-Palmolive-Peet Co. 


148 


Wheeler, Reynolds & Stauffer 


74 


Kentucky Color & Chemical Co. 


149 


Elizabethtown Consolidated Gas Co. 


75 


Searle, G. D., & Co. 


150 


Marlowe- Van Loan Corp. 



See footnote at end of table, p. 155. 



144 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 26.~Synihetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1948 — Con. 




151 
152 
153 
154 
155 
156 
157 
158 
159 
160 
161 
162 
163 
164 
165 
166 
167 
168 

169 
170 
171 
172 
173 
174 
175 
176 
177 
178 
179 
180 
181 
182 
183 

184 
185 
186 
187 
188 
189 
190 
191 
192 
193 
194 
195 
196 
197 
198 
199 
200 
201 

202 
203 

204 

205 

206 

207 

208 

209 

210 

211 

212 

213 

214 

215 

216 

217 

218 
219 
220 
221 
222 
223 

224 
225 
226 
227 



Benzol Products Co. 

Ad-Co Color Corp. 
Carus Chemical Co., Inc. 

U. S. Procaine Co., Inc. 

Johnson, Chas. Eneu, & Co. 

George, P. D., Co. 

Cyclo Chemical Corp. 

American Viscose Corp. 

Schenley Laboratories, Inc. 

Snyder Chemical Corp. 

Spencer Chemical Co. 

Chemo-Puro Manufacturing Corp. 

Schuylkill Chemical Co. 

Wetherill, Geo. D., Varnish Co. 

Appleton Coated Paper Co. 

Hercules Powder Co. 

Stauffer Chemical Co., Inc. 

General Motors Corp. (A. C. Spark Plug 
Div.) 

Stange, Wm. J., Co. 

Quaker Oats Co. 

Wolff-Alport Chemical Corp. 

Salvo Chemical Corp. 

Edison, Thomas A., Inc. (Medical Gas Div ) 

Continental Oil Co. 

General Color Co., Inc. 

Atlantic Chemical Co., Inc. 

Ciba Pharmaceutical Products, Inc. 

Cities Service Refining Corp. (R R )i 

Maltbie Chemical Co. 

Stanton Laboratories, Inc. 

Kendall Refining Co. 

Rossville Dyestuff Corp. 

Devoe & Raynolds Co., Inc. (Jones-Dabnev 
Div.) 

Upjohn Co. 

Southern Dyestuff Corp. 

California Spray Chemical Corp. 

Velsicol Corp. 

Chemical Process Co. 

Asoeiacion Azucarera Cooperativa Lafayette 

Marrows, Inc. 

Schenectady Varnish Co., Inc 

Sharp & Dohme, Inc. 

Soluol Chemical Co., Inc. 

Newport Industries, Inc. 

American Viscose Corp. (Sylvania Div ) 

Victor Chemical Works 

Sterling Drug, Inc. (Bayer Co. Div.) 

Pan American Refining Corp. 
Winthrop-Stearns, Inc. 
Shepherd Chemical Co. 

Fine Colors Co. 

Standard Agricultural Chemicals, Inc 

Esso Standard Oil Co. (Louisiana Div ) 

Burroughs- Wellcome & Co., Inc 

Debruille Chemical Corp. 

Ford Motor Co. 

General Petroleum Corp. 

Novadel-Agene Corp. (Lucidol Div.) 

Ohio Chemical & Manufacturing Co. 

Kessler Chemical Co., Inc. 

Kohnstamm, H., & Co., Inc. 

Gunning & Gunning, Inc. 

Johnson, S. C, & Son, Inc. 

Standard Varnish Works 

Treyz, George I., Co. Inc. 

Smith, Kline & French Laboratories 

Richaids Chemical Works (Div of Onyx Oil 

& Chemical Co.) 
Thiokol Corp. 
Monsanto Chemical Co. 
Zurn, O. F., Co. 
Krumbhaar Chemicals, Inc 
Uhlich, Paul, & Co., Inc. 
American Cyanamid Co. (Calco Chemical 

Div.) 
Mathieson Chemical Corp. 
Pfizer, Charles, & Co., Inc. 
Southern Textile Chemical Corp. 
Fail-mount Chemical Co., Inc. 



228 
229 

230 
231 
232 
233 
234 

235 

236 
237 
238 
239 
240 
241 
242 
243 
244 
245 
246 
247 
248 
249 
250 
251 
252 
253 
254 
255 
256 
257 
258 
259 
260 
261 

262 

263 

264 

265 

266 

267 

268 

269 

270 

271 

272 

273 

274 

275 

276 

277 

278 

279 

280 

281 

282 

283 

284 

285 

286 

287 

288 

289 

290 

291 

292 

293 

294 

295 

296 

297 

298 

299 

300 

301 

302 

303 

304 

305 



Name of company 



See footnote at end of table, p. 155. 



Norda Essential Oil & Chemical Co., Inc. 
General Aniline & Film Corp. (General 

Aniline Works Div.) 
Montrose Chemical Co. 
U. S. Industrial Chemicals, Inc. 
Durez Plastics & Chemicals, Inc. 
Inland Steel Container Co. 
Ferbert-Schorndorfer Co. (Div. of American 

Marietta Co.) 
Swope Oil & Chemical Co. 
Atlas Powder Co. 
Standard Chemical Products, Inc. 
American Aniline Products, Inc. 
Ansbacher-Siegle Coi-p. 
Brooklyn Color Works, Inc. 
Standard Ultramarine Co. 
Bowles, A. F., Co., Inc. 
American Aniline & Extract Co., Inc. 
Quaker Chemical Products Corp. 
Inland Alkaloid Co. 
American Cyanamid Co. 
Goodrich, B. F., Chemical Co. (R. R.) i 
Libby-Owens-Ford Glass Co. (Plaskon Div.) 
United Piece Dye Works. 
Citro Chemical Co. 
Northwestern Chemical Co. 
Ritter Chemical Cp., Inc. 
Bersworth Chemical Co. 
Kay-Fries Chemicals, Inc. 
Gane's Chemical Works, Inc. 
Maschmeijer, A., Jr., Inc. 
Ortho Chemical Corp. 
Alrose Chemical Co. 
Carwin Co. 
Falk & Co. 
U. S. Vanadium Corp. (Niacet Chemicals 

Div.) 
Atlantic Refining Co. 
Berkeley Chemical Corp. 
Celanese Corp. of America. 
Cook Paint & Varnish Co. 
Firestone Plastics Co. 
General Mills, Inc. 
Ironsides Co. 
Lilly, Eli, & Co. 
Mallinckrodt Chemical Works. 
Neville Co. 

Pittsburgh Coke & Chemical Co. 
Pyridium Corp. 
Cities Service Oil Co. 
Nopco Chemical Co. 
Scherer, R. P., Corp. 
Stresen-Reuter, Frederick A., Inc. 
Thompson Horticultural Chemical Corp. 
Van Camp Laboratories. 
Dykem Co. 
Augusta Chemical Co. 
Chemical Manufacturing Co., Inc. 
Commercial Solvents Corp. 
Du Pont de Nemours, E. I., & Co. 
Lever Brothers Co. 
Lueders, George, & Co., Inc. 
Paraffine Companies, Inc. 
Skelly Oil Co. 

Standard Chlorine Chemical Co. 
Standard Naphthalene Products Co. 
Trojan Powder Co. 
Bristol Laboratories, Inc. 
Kennecott Copper Corp. 
Interchemical Corp. (Te.xtile Colors Div.) 
Sun Oil Co. 
Sun Oil Co. (R. R.) ' 
U. S. Rubber Co. (R. R.) i 
Boston Varnish Co. 
Federal Color Laboratories, Inc. 
Richmond Chemical Corp. 
Valentine & Co., Inc. 
Ansul Chemical Co. 
Nonweiler, A. P., Co. 
Pennsylvania Salt Manufacturing Co. 
Emery Industries, Inc. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 145 

Table 26. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1948 — Con. 



No. 


Name of company 


No. 


Name of company 


306 


American Cyanamid Co. (Lederle Labora- 


381 


Pitman-Moore Co. (Div. of Allied Labora- 




tories Div.) 




tories, Inc.) • 


307 


McCloskoy Varnish Co. 


382 


Publicker Industries, Inc. 


308 


Dawe's Vitamins, Inc. 


383 


Reichhold Chemicals, Inc. 


309 


Wahca Chemical Corp. 


384 


Springfield Gas Light Co. 


310 


Imperial Paper & Color Corp. (Pigment 


385 


Eimer & Amend 




Color Div.) 


386 


Arnold, Hoffman & Co., Inc. 


311 


Westville Laboratories 


387 


Allied Chemical & Dye Corp. (Barrett Div.) 


312 


Varcum Chemical Corp. 


388 


Humble Oil & Refining Co. 


313 


Huron Milling Co. 


389 


Lever, C, Co., Inc. 


314 


Merrell, Wm. S.. & Co. 


390 


Wyandotte Chemicals Corp. 


315 


Phillips Petroleum Co. 


391 


Allied Chemical & Dye Corp. (General 


316 


United States Rubber Co. (Naugatuck 




Chemical Div.) 




Chemical Div.) 


392 


Givaudan-Delawanna, Inc. 


317 


Hart Products Corp. 


393 


Hoflman-LaRoche, Inc. 


318 


Capitol City Products Co. 


394 


Endo Products, Inc. 


319 


Deecy Products Co. 


395 


Tennessee Eastman Corp. 


320 


Dewey & Almy Chemical Co. 


396 


Baker Castor Oil Co. 


321 


American-Marietta Co. (Adhesive Resin 


397 


General Electric Co. 




& Chemical Div.) 


398 


Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. 


322 


Baker Oil Tools, Inc. (Plastics Div.) 


399 


Alframine Corp. 


323 


Continental-Diamond Fibre Co. 


400 


Texas Co. 


324 


Harsyd Chemicals, Inc. 


401 


Armstrong, C. M., Inc. (Subsidiary of 


325 


Hooker Electrochemical Co. 




American Maize Products Co.) 


326 


Interlake Chemical Corp. 


402 


Cooks Falls Dye Works, Inc. 


327 


Irvington Varnish & Insulator Co. 


403 


Thomasset Colors, Inc. 


328 


Leatex Chemical Co. 


404 


Goodrich, B. F., Chemical Co. 


329 


Peters Chemical Co. 


405 


Phillips Petroleum Co. (R. R.)i 


330 


Ruberoid Co. 


406 


National Lead Co. 


331 


Scbieffelin & Co. 


407 


DePree Co. 


332 


Shell Chemical Corp. 


408 


Bios Laboratories 


333 


Richfield Oil Corp. 


409 


Alkydol Laboratories, Inc. 


334 


Kinetic Chemicals, Inc. 


410 


jV-ltlaouse Chemical Co., Inc. 


335 


Rare Chemicals, Inc. 


411 


American Bio-Synthetics Corp. 


336 


Merck & Co., Inc. 


412 


Birge Co., Inc. 


337 


Borden Co. (Chemical Div.) 


413 


Clinton Industries, Inc. 


338 


Collway Colors, Inc. 


414 


Sumner Chemical Co., Inc. 


339 


Hooker-Detre.Y, Inc. 


415 


Dodge & Olcott, Inc. 


340 


Nason, R. N., & Co. 


416 


Hardesty Chemical Co., Inc. 


341 


Kalide Corp. 


417 


Heresite & Chemical Co. 


342 


Marx, Max, Color & Chemical Co. 


418 


Holland Color & Chemical Co. 


343 


Procter & Gamble Co. 


419 


Pacific Paint & Varnish Co. 


344 


Sinclair & Valentine Co. 


420 


Paul- Lewis Laboratories, Inc. 


345 


Fries Bros., Inc. 


421 


Western Condensing Co. 


346 


Hynson, Westcott & Dunning, Inc. 


422 


Witte, John H., & Sons. 


347 


Schwarz Laboratories, Inc. 


423 


Arapahoe Chemicals, Inc. 


348 


Seydel Chemical Co. 


424 


Ritter, F., & Co. 


349 


Taylor Fibre Co. 


425 


Squibb, E. R., & Sons 


350 


Allied Chemical & Dye Corp. (National 


426 


R. S. A. Corporation 




Aniline Div.) 


427 


Standard Chemical Co. 


351 


Synvar Corp. 


428 


Armour & Co. (Chemical Div.) 


352 


Hilo Varnish Corp. 


429 


Glidden Co. 


353 


Arabol Manufacturing Co. 


430 


Kali Manufacturing Co. 


354 


California Ink Co., Inc. 


431 


Lakeside Laboratories, Inc. 


355 


Carbide & Carbon Chemicals Corp. 


432 


LaMotte Chemical Products Co. 


356 


Purocaine. Inc. 


433 


Morwear Paint Co. 


357 


Reliance Varnish Co. 


434 


Thomas Chemicals, Inc. 


358 


Allied Chemical & Dye Corp. (Solvay 


435 


Peters Chemical Manufacturing Co. 




Process Div.) 


436 


Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co. 


359 


Plastics Engineering Co. 


437 


Synthetical Laboratories 


360 


Portland Gas & Coke Co. 


438 


Beacon Co. 


361 


Sonoco Products Co. 


439 


Marco Chemicals, Inc. 


362 


Belle Chemical Co., Inc. 


440 


Richardson Co. 


363 


Drackett Co. 


441 


Eastman Kodak Co. 


364 


Oilman Paint & Varnish Co. 


442 


Stepan Chemical Co. 


365 


Greenwood Textile Supply Co. 


443 


Zinsser & Co., Inc. 


366 


Harbor Plywood Corp. 


444 


Specialty Resins Co. 


367 


Jennison-Wright Corp. 


445 


Altis Chemical Co. 


368 


Verona Chemical Co. 


446 


Bakelite Corp. 


369 


Westinghouse Electric Corp. 


447 


Berry Brothers, Inc. 


370 


Shell Oil Co., Inc. 


448 


Columbia Organic Chemicals Co., Inc. 


371 


Shawinigan Resins Corp. 


449 


Miranol Chemical Co., Inc. 


372 


Hartman Leddon Co., Inc. 


450 


Bush, W. J., & Co., Inc. 


373 


American Mineral Spirits Co. 


451 


Diamond Alkali Co. 


374 


Ethyl Corp. 


452 


Du Pont de Nemours, E. I., & Co. (R. R.) ' 


375 


Felton Chemical Co., Inc. 


453 


Fine Organics, Inc. 


376 


Nuodex Products Co., Inc. 


454 


Jamieson Pharmacal Co. 


377 


Pharma Chemical Corp. 


455 


McGean Chemical Co. 


378 


Van Ameringen-Haebler, Inc. 


456 


New York Color & Chemical Co. (Div. of 


379 


Dye Specialties Corp.. Inc. 




American Dyewood Co.) 


380 


Grand Rapids Varnish Corp. 


457 


Ninol Laboratories 



See footnote at end of table, p. 155. 



146 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 26. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1948 — Con. 



No. 


Name of company 


No. 


Name of company 


458 


Rohm & Haas Co. 


500 


Jefferson Chemical Co., Inc. 


459 


Standard Oil Cq. of Indiana 


501 


Commonwealth Color & Chemical Co. 


460 


Vita-Var Corp. 


502 


Harshaw Chemical Co. 


461 


Washburn, T. F., Co. 


503 


Staley, A. E., Manufacturing Co. 


462 


Sherwin-Williams Co. 


504 


May, Otto B., Inc. 


463 


Brown, Andrew, Co. 


505 


Moreland Chemical Co. 


464 


Pervo Varnish Corp. 


506 


Ethyl-Dow Chemical Co. 


465 


Harmon Color Works, Inc. 


507 


Morton Chemical Co. 


466 


Lemke, B. L., & Co., Inc. 


508 


Armitage, John L., & Co. 


467 


Monarch Oil & Chemical Co. 


509 


Pfanstiehl Chemical Co. 


468 


Wyeth, Inc. 


510 


Childs Pulp Colors, Inc. 


469 


Sun Chemical Corp. (Warwick Chemical 


511 


Reilly Tar & Chemical Corp. 




Co. Div.) 


512 


Republic Creosoting Co. 


470 


Humphrey- Wilkinson, Inc. 


513 


Crown Tar & Chemical Works, Inc. 


471 


Young Aniline Works, Inc. 


514 


Forster Chemical Co., Inc. 


472 


Food Machinery & Chemical Corp. (West- 


515 


Koppers Co., Inc. (Tar Products Div.) 




vaco Chemical Div.) 


516 


Verley Chemical Co., Inc. 


473 


Union Carbide & Carbon Corp. (Halowax 


517 


Lewis Tar Products Co. 




Products Div.) 


518 


Parke, Davis & Co. 


474 


Interehemical Corp. (Finishes Div.) 


519 


Sipe, James B., & Co., Inc. 


475 


Mearl Corp. 


520 


Baker, J. T., Chemical Co. 


476 


Jordan, W. H. & F., Jr., Manufacturing Co. 


521 


Trask, Arthur C, Co. 


477 


Kunst Bros. 


522 


Colasta Co., Inc. 


478 


Watson- Park Co. 


523 


Seeley & Co., Inc. 


479 


Houghton, E. F., & Co. 


524 


Bick & Co., Inc. 


480 


Emulsol Corp. 


525 


White & Hodges, Inc. 


481 


Dexter Chemical Corp. 


526 


Beckwith-Chandler Div. (Devoe & Ray- 


482 


Tar Distilling Co., Inc. 




nolds Co., Inc.) 


483 


Glyco Products Co., Inc. 


527 


Whittemore-Wright Co., Inc. 


484 


Heyden Chemical Corp. 


528 


Lamex Chemical Corp. 


485 


Humble Oil & Refining Co. (R. R.).' 


529 


Ferro Chemical Corp. 


486 


Standard Oil Co. of California. 


530 


Mead, Johnson & Co. 


487 


Dow Chemical Co. 


531 


Trubek Laboratories. 


488 


Orbis Products Corp. 


532 


American Alkyd Industries, Inc. 


489 


Wilmot & Cassidy, Inc. 


533 


Sterling Drug, Inc. (Hilton-Davis Chemi- 


490 


Dunne, Frank W., Co. 




cal Co. Div.) 


491 


Sharpies Chemicals, Inc. 


534 


Advance Solvents & Chemical Corp. 


492 


Socony- Vacuum Oil Co., Inc. 


535 


Mid- West Tar Products Corp. 


493 


Wilson Laboratories. 


536 


Eastern Tar Products Corp. 


494 


Sobering Corp. 


537 


Marblette Corp. 


495 


Shell Oil Co., Inc. (Pacific coast territory.) 


538 


Magruder Color Co., Inc. 


496 


Carnrick, G. W., Co. 


539 


Midland Industrial Finishes Co. 


497 


Abbott Laboratories. 


540 


Eakins, J. S. and W. R., Inc. 


498 


Niag\ra Chlorine Products Co., Inc. 


541 


Edwal Laboratories, Inc. 


499 


Distillation Products, Inc. 


542 


American Chemical Paint Co. 



Section 2. Alphabetical Directory 

[Names of synthetic organic chemical manufacturers who reported production or sales to the United States 
Tariff Commission for 1948 are listed below alphabetically, together with their identification numbers 
as used in tables in part III. Section 1 of this table lists these manufacturers in order of their identification 
numbers.] 



No. 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in parentheses 
if not in same city as office) 



497 
152 
62 
534 
399 

409 

387 



391 



350 

358 



Abbott Laboratories 

Ad-Co Color Corp 

Advance Paint Co 

Advance Solvents & Chemical Corp 
Alframine Corp 

Alkydol Laboratories, Inc 

Allied Chemical & Dye Corp.: 
Barrett Division 



General Chemical Div_ 



National Aniline Div. 
Solvay Process Div 



14th St. and Sheridan Rd., North Chicago, 111. 

70 Lister Ave., Newark 5, N. J. 

601-35 Kentuckv Ave.. Indianapolis 7, Ind. 

245 5th Ave., New York 16, N. Y. (Jersey City, N. J.). 

155 E. 44th St., New York 17, N. Y. (Paterson, N. J., 

and Los Angeles, Calif.). 
3242 S. 50th Ave., Chicago 50, 111. 

40 Rector St., New York 6, N. Y. (Bethlehem, Frank- 
ford, and Philadelphia, Pa.; Buffalo, Rochester, 
Syracuse, and Troy, N. Y.; Chicago, 111.; Cleveland, 
Ironton, and Youngstovni, Ohio; Detroit, Mich.; 
Edgewater, N. J.; Fairfield, Ala.; and Maiden, Mass.). 

40 Rector St., New York 6, N. Y. (Buffalo, N. Y.; 
Marcus Hook, Pa.; Baton Rouge, La.; and Clay- 
mont, Del.). 

40 Rector St., New York 6, (Buffalo) N. Y. 

P. O. Box 271, Syracuse 11, (Geddes) N. Y. 



See footnote at end of table, p. 155. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 147 

Table 26.^ — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1948 — Con. 



Name of company 



OflBce address flocation of plant given in parentheses 
if not in same city as office) 



204 
See 



All-Tex Specialties Co 

Alrose Chemical Co 

Althouse Chemical Co., Inc 

Altis Chemical Co 

Amalgamated Chemical Corp 

American Alkyd Industries, Inc 

American Aniline & Extract Co., Inc 

American Aniline Products, Inc 

American Bio-Synthetics Corp 

American Chemical Paint Co 

American Cyanamid Co 

Calco Chemical Div 

Lederle Laboratories Div 

American-Marietta Co.: 

Adhesive, Resin & Chemical Div 

Feibert-Schorndorfer Co. Div 

American Mineral Spirits Co 

American Polymer Corp 

American Viscose Corp. 

Sylvania Div 

Ansbacher-Siegle Corp 

Ansul Chemical Co 

Appleton Coated Paper Co 

Arabol Manufacturing Co 

Arapahoe Chemicals, Inc 

Arco Co 

Armitage, John L., & Co 

Armour & Co., Chemical Div 

Armstrong, C. M., Inc., subsidiary of 
American Maize Products Co. 

Armstrong Cork Co 

Arnold, Hoffman & Co.. Inc 

Asociacion Azucarera Cooperativa La- 
fayette. 

Atlantic Chemical Co., Inc 

Atlantic Refining Co 

Atlas Powder Co 

Atlas Refinery, Inc 

Atlas Wall Paper MOls, Inc 

Augusta Chemical Co 

Bakelite Corp 

Baker Castor Oil Co 

Baker, J. T., Chemical Co 

Baker Oil Tools, Inc., Plastics Div 

Bates Chemical Co 

Beacon Co 

Beaudry Wall Paper Corp 

Belle Alkali Co 

Belle Chemical Co., Inc 

Benzol Products Co 

Berk, F. W., & Co., Inc 

Berkeley Chemical Corp 

Berry Brothers, Inc 

Bersvvorth Chemical Co 

Bick & Co., Inc 

Bios Laboratories 

Bird & Son, Inc 

Birge Co., Inc 

Borden Co.: 
Chemical Div 

Chemical Div 

Durite Plastics Div 

Boston Varnish Co 

Bowles, A. F., Co., Inc 

Bristol Laboratories, Inc 

Brooklyn Color Works, Inc 

Brown Co 

Brown, Andrew, Co 

Burkart-Schier Chemical Co 

Burroughs-Wellcome & Co., Inc 

footnote at end of table, p. 155. 



65 Meadow St., Apponaug, R. I. 

180 Mill St., Cranston, R. I. 

540 Pear St., Reading, Pa. 

136 Liberty St., New York 6, N. Y. (Newark, N. J.). 

Ontario and Rorer Sts., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 

Broad and 14th Sts., Carlstadt, N. J. 

Venango and F Sts., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 

50 Union Sq., New York 3, N. Y. (Lock Haven, Pa.). 

710 W. National Ave., Milwaukee 4, Wis. 

Ambler, Pa. 

30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York 20, N. Y. (Azusa, 

Calif.; Rock Brook, N. J.; Bridgeville, Pa.; Charlotte, 

N. C; Stamford and Wallingford, Conn.; Warners, 

Linden, and Woodbridge, N. J.). 
Easton Turnpike, Bound Brook, N. J. 
30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York 20, (Pearl River) 

N. Y. 

3400 13th Ave., SW., Seattle, Wash. 

12815 Elmwood Ave., Cleveland 11, Ohio. 

155 E. 44th St., New York 17, N. Y. 

Peabody, Mass. 

1617 Pennsylvania Blvd., Philadelphia 3 (Meadville), 

Pa. 
Fredericksburg, Va. 

92 Chestnut Ave., Rosebank, Staten Island 5, N. Y. 
Foot of Stanton St., Marinette, Wis. 
1200 N. Meade St., Appleton, Wis. 
110 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. 
2800 Pearl St.. Boulder, Colo. 
7301 Bessemer Ave., Cleveland 4, Ohio. 
245 Thomas St., Newark 5, N. J. 
1355 West 31st St., Chicago 9, 111. 
9 E. 46th St., New York 17, N. Y. 

Lancaster (Pittsburgh), Pa. 

55 Canal St., Providence 1, R. I. (Dighton, Mass.). 

Central Lafayette, Arroyo, Puerto Rico. 

2072 Smith St., Centredale, R. I. 

260 S. Broad St., Philadelphia 1, Pa. 

NE. corner 9th and Market Sts., Wilmington 99, Del. 

(Reynolds, Pa., and Atlas Point, Del.). 
142 Lockwood St., Newark 5, N. J. 
Coal City, 111. 

P. O. Box 660, Augusta, Qa. 
30 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (Bloomfleld and 

Bound Brook, N. J.). 
120 Broadway, New York 5, N. Y. (Bayonne and 

Jersey City, N. J.). 
North Broad St., Phillipsbm-g, N. J. 
P. O. Box 2274, Terminal Annex, Los Angeles 54, Calif. 
Scottdale Rd., Lansdowne, Pa. 
97 Bickford St., Boston 30, Mass. 
46 Elm St., Cortland, N. Y. 
P. O. Box 615, Belle, W. Va. 
534 Pearl St., Reading, Pa. 
237 South St., Newark (Piscataway), N. J. 
Park PI. E., Wood-Ridge, N. J. 
942 Summit Ave., Berkeley Heights, N. J. 
211 Leib St., Detroit 7, Mich. 
609 Waverly St., Framingham, Mass. 
1820-50 N. 12th St., Reading. Pa. 
607 W. 4.3d St., New York 18, N. Y. 
East Walpole, Mass. 
390 Niagara St.. Buffalo 1, N. Y.- 

350 Madison Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Bainbridge, 

N. Y.; Kernersville, N. C; and Seattle, Wash.). 
6010 Airport Way, Seattle 8, Wash. (Springfield, Oreg.) 
5000 Summerdale Ave., Philadelphia 24, Pa. 
114 2d St., Everett, Mass. 
P. O. Box 150, Naugatuck, Conn. 
P. O. Box 657, Syracuse 1, N. Y. 
Morgan and Norman Aves., Brooklyn 22, N Y. 
650 Main St., Berlin, N. H. 
5431 District Blvd., Los Angeles 22, Calif. 
Chestnut St. at 13th, Chattanooga 2, Tenn. 
Main St., Tuckahoe 7, N. Y. 



148 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 26.- — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1948 — Con. 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in parentheses 
if not in same city as office) 



Bush, W J., & Co., Inc 

Cabot, Samuel, Inc 

Cadet Chemical Corp 

California Flaxseed Products Co 

California Ink Co., Inc 

California Spray Chemical Corp 

Capitol City Products Co 

Carbide & Carbon Chemicals Corp. 



Carlisle Chemical Works, Inc. 

Carnrick, G. W., Co 

Carolina Aniline & Extract Co. 

Carus Chemical Co., Inc 

Carwin Co 

Catalin Corp. of America 

Celanese Corp. of America 



Chaffardon, J._ _. _. 

Chemical Manufacturing Co., Inc.-. 

Chemical Process Co 

Chemical Products Corp 

Chemico, Inc 

Chemo-Puro Manufacturing Corp__. 

Childs Pulp Colors, Inc 

Ciba Pharmaceutical Products, Inc. 
Cincinnati Chemical Works, Inc 



Cities Service Oil Co 

Cities Service Refining Corp. (R. R.) '_ 

Citro Chemical Co 

Clinton Industries, Inc 

Coastwise Petroleum Co 

Colasta Co., Inc 

Colgate-Palmolive-Peet Co 



Collway Colors, Inc 

Colt's Manufacturing Co 

Columbia Organic Chemicals Co., Inc. 
Commercial Solvents Corp 



Commonwealth Color <t Chemical Co. 
Continental-Diamond Fibre Co 



Continental OO Co 

Cook Paint & Varnish Co 

Cooks Falls Dye Works, Inc 

Coopers Creek Chemical Corp 

Copolymer Corp. (R. R.) ' 

Corn Products Refining Co 

Crown Oil Products Corp.. 

Crown Tar & Chemical Works, Inc. 

Cutter Laboratories 

Cyclo Chemical Corp 

Dawe's Vitamins, Inc 

DebruOle Chemical Corp _... 

Deecy Products Co 

DePree Co 

Devoe & Raynolds Co., Inc.: 

Beckwith-Chandler Div 

Jones-Dabney Div 



Dewey <t Almy Chemical Co. 

Dexter Chemical Corp 

Diamond Alkali Co 



Distillation Products, Inc. 

Dodge <t Olcott, Inc 

Dow Chemical Co 



Dow Chemical Co., Styrene Div. (R. R.) '. 

Dow Corning Corp 

Drackett Co 



490 Duime, Frank W., Co 

See footnote at a nd of table, p. 155. 



11 E. 38th St., New York 16, N. Y. (Linden, N. J.) 

141 Milk St., Boston 9 (Chelsea), Mass. 

205 Chicago St., Buffalo 5, N. Y. 

313o E. 26th St., Los Angeles 23, Calif. 

545 Sansome St., San Francisco (Berkeley), Calif. 

Lucas and Ortho Way, Richmond. Calif. 

W. 1st Ave. and Perry St., Columbus 8, Ohio. 

30 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (South Charleston 

and Institute, W. Va.; Texas City, Tex.; Whiting, 

Ind.: and Niagara Falls, N. Y.). 
510 Reading Rd., Reading 15, Ohio. 
20 Mt. Pleasant St., Newark, N. J. 
301 S. Cedar St.. Charlotte, N. C. 
1335 8th St., La Salle, III. 
Stiles Lane, North Haven, Conn. 
1 Park Ave., New York 16, N. Y. (Fords, N. J.). 
180 Madison Ave., New York 16, N. Y. (Cumberland, 

Md.; Narrows, Va.; Bishop, Tex.; Newark, N. J.; 

and Rome, Ga.). 
209 Market St.. Lynn, Mass. 
Ashland, Mass. 

58 Sutter St., San Francisco (Redwood City), Calif. 
Box 717, Cartersville, Ga. 
1745 Front St., Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio 
26-32 Skillman Ave., Long Island City 1, N. Y. 
43 Summit St., Brooklyn 31. N. Y. 
556 Morris Ave., Summit, N. J. 
P .0. Box 20, Evanston Sta., Cincinnati (Norwood and 

St. Bernard), Ohio. 
Masonic-Empire Bldg., Bartlesville (Tallant), Okla. 
716 Hodges St.. Lake Charles, La. 
Maywood Ave.. Maywood, N. J. 
P. O. Box 340, Clinton, Iowa. 

Munsey Bldg., Baltimore 2, Md. (Good Hope, La). 
1 Mechanic St., Hoosick Falls, N. Y. 
lOo Hudson St., Jersey City 2, N. J. (JefTersonville, 

Ind.; Kansas City, Kans.; and Berkeley, Calif.). 
15 Market St., Paterson 1, N. J. 
17 Van Dyke Ave., Hartford 15, Conn. 
600 Capitol PL, Columbia, S. C. 
17 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (Peoria, 111.; Terre 

Haute, Ind.; Harvey and Sterlington, La.; Agnew, 

Calif.; and Carlstadt, N. J.). 
223 Nevins St., Brooklyn 17, N. Y. 
70 S. Chapel St., Newark, Del. (Bridgeport, Pa., and 

Valparaiso, Ind.). 
Drawer 1267, Ponca City, Okla. 
P. O. Box 389, Kansas City 10. Mo. 
140 Maiden Lane, New York 7 (Cooks Falls), N. Y. 
River Rd., West Conshohocken, Pa. 
P. O. Box 1029, Baton Rouge 2, La. 
17 Battery PL, New York 4, N. Y. (Argo, 111.). 
2-10 49th Ave., Long Island City, N. Y. 
9th and Wewatta Sts., Denver 4, Colo. 
4th and Parker Sts., Berkeley 10, Calif. 
45-06 Vernon Blvd., Long Island City 1. N. Y. 
4800 S. Richmond St.. Chicago, Dl. 
1841 Broadway, New York 23, N. Y. 
120 Potter St., Cambridge 42, Mass. 
130 Central Ave., Holland, Mich. 

Rutherford and Delancy Sts., Newark, N. J. 

44th and 1st Ave., New York 17, N. Y., (Louisville, 

Ky.). 
62 Whittemore Ave., Cambridge 40, Mass. 
819 Edgewater Rd., New York 59, N. Y. 
300 Union Commerce Bldg., Cleveland 14 (Painesville), 

Ohio. 
755 Ridge Rd., W. Rochester 13, N. Y. 
180 Vaiick St., New York 14, N. Y. (Bayonne, N. J.). 
Midland, Mich. (Pittsburg, Cahf., and Freeport, 

Tex.). 
P. O. Box 500, Gardena (Los Angeles), Calif. 
P. O. Box 592, Midland, Mich. 
5020 Spring Grove Ave., Cincinnati 32 (Sharon ville), 

Ohio. 
1007 41st St., Oakland 8, Calif. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 194 8 149 

Table 26. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manvfacturers, 1948— Con. 



Name of company 



Office address flocation of plant given in parentheses 
if not in same city as office) 



Du Pont de Nemours, E. I., & Co. 



Du Pont de Nemours, E. I., <t- Co. 

(R. R.) 1. 

Durez Plastics & Chemicals, Inc 

Dye Specialties Corp., Inc 

Dykem Co 

Eakins, .1. S. & W. R., Inc 

Eastern Tar Products Corp 

Eastman Kodak Co 

Edcan Laboratories 

Edison, Thomas A., Inc., Medical Gas Div. 

Edwal Laboratories, Inc 

Eimer & Amend 

El Dorado Oil Works. 

Elizabethtown Consolidated Gas Co 

Emery Industries, Inc 

Emulsol Corp 

Endo Products, Inc 

Esso Standard Oil Co 

Louisiana Div 

Eston Chemicals, Inc 

Ethyl Corp 

Ethyl-Dow Chemical Co 

Evans Chemetics, Inc 

Fairmount Chemical Co., Inc 

Falk & Co 

Farley & Loetscher Manufacturing Co 

Farrington, W. U., Estate of 

Federal Color Laboratories, Inc 

Felton Chemical Co., Inc 

Ferro Chemical Corp 

Fine Colors Co 

Fine Organics, Inc 

Firestone Plastics Co 

Firestone Tire & Rubber Co. (R. R.)i 

Fire.=tone Tire & Rubber Co. (R. R.)i 

Food Machinery & Chemical Corp., West- 

vaco Chemical Div. 

Ford Motor Co 

Forster Chemical Co., Inc 

Foster-Heaton Co 

Fries Bros., Inc 

Fritzsche Bros., Inc 

Fuller, W. P., & Co 

Gane's Chemical Works, Inc 

General Aniline & Film Corp., General 

Aniline Works Div. 

General Color Co., Inc 

General Electric Co 



General Mills, Inc 

General Motors Corp., A. C. Spark Plug 
Div. 

General Petroleum Corp 

General Tire & Rubber Co. (R. R. )' 

George, P. D., Co 

Oilman Paint & Varnish Co 

Givaudan-Delawanna, Inc 



Glidden Co. 



Glyco Products Co., Inc 

Goodrich, B. F., Chemical Co. (R. R.)i 

See footnote at end of table, p. 155. 



10th and Market Sts., Wilmington 98, Del. (Carney's 
Point, New Brunswick, Newark, Perth Araboy, 
.\rlington, Parlin, and Qibbstown, N. J.; Belle and 
Parkersburg, W. Va.; Orange, Stanton, and Houston, 
Tex.; Niagara Falls, N. Y.; Toledo, Bradner, and 
Cleveland, Ohio; Chattanooga, Tenn.; Martinsville 
and Waynesboro. Va.; Barksdale, Wis.; Birmingham, 
Ala.; Du Pont, Wash.; Wyandotte and Flint, Mich.; 
Seaford, Del.; Chicago, Seneca, and Robinson, 111.; 
Carl Junction, Mo.; Louviers, Colo.; Fort Madison, 
Iov\a; Philadelphia, Pa.; San Francisco, Calif.; 
Everett, Mass.; and Bartlesville, Okla.). 

10th and Market Sts., Wilmington 98, Del., (Louis- 
ville, Ky.). 

Walck Rd., North Tonawanda, N. Y. 

924 Bergen Ave., Jersey Citv 6, N. J. 

2.307 N. nth St., St. Louis 6, Mo. 

55 Berry St., Brooklyn 11, N. Y. 

.501 St. Paul PI., Baltimore 2, Md. (Norfolk, Va.). 

343 State St.. Rochester 4, N. Y. 

10 Pine St., South Norwalk, Conn. 

P. O. Box 15, Stuyvesant Falls, N. Y. 

732 Federal St., Chicago 5 (Ringwood), 111. 

635 Greenwich St., New York 14, N. Y. 

311 California St., San Francisco 4 (Oakland), Calif. 

16 W. Jersey St., Eli. abeth 4, N. .1. 

4300 Carew Tower, Cincinnati 2 (St. Bernard), Ohio. 

59 E. Madison, Chicago 3, III. 

84-40 101st St., Richmond Hill 18, N. Y. 

P. O. Box 222, Linden, N. J. 

P. O. Box 551, Baton Rouge, La. 

3100 E. 26th St., Los Angeles 23, Calif. 

405 Lexington Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Deepwater, 
N. J., and Baton Rouge, La.) 

Midland, Mich. (Freeport, Tex.). 

250 E. 43d St., New York 17, (Waterloo), N. Y. 

600 Ferry St., Newark 5, N. J. 

P. O. Box 1075, Pittsburgh 30 (Carnegie), Pa. 

7th and White Sts., Dubuque, Iowa. 

1 Division St., East Greenwich (Warwick), R. I. 

4633 Forest Ave., Cincinnati 12, Ohio. 

599 Johnson Ave., Brooklyn 12, N. Y. 

877 Union Commerce Bldg., Cleveland 14 (Bedford), 
Ohio. 

21-29 McBride Ave., Paterson 1, N. J. 

211 E. 19th St., New York 3, N. Y. (Lodi, N. J.). 

1200 Firestone Parkway, Akron 17, Ohio (Pottstown, 
Pa ) 

381 W.' Wilbeth Rd., Akron, Ohio (Lake Charles, La.). 

381 W. WObeth Rd., Akron, Ohio. 

405 Lexmgton Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (South 
Charleston, W. Va.; Newark, Calif., Carteret, N. J.) . 

3000 Schaefer Rd., Dearborn, Mich. 

1441 S. McLean Blvd., Wichita 12, Kans. 

16 E. 5th St., Paterson 4, N. J. 

92 Reade St., New York 13, N. Y. (Bloomfleld, N. J.). 

76 9th Ave., New York 11, N. Y. (Clifton, N. J.). 

301 Mission St., San Francisco 19, Calif. 

43 W. 16th St., New York 11, N. Y. (Carlstadt, N. J.). 

435 Hudson St., New York 14, N. Y. (Grasselli, N. J., 
and Rensselaer, N. Y.). 

24 Ave. B., Newark 5, N. J. 

1 Plastics Ave., Pittsfield, Mass. (Anaheim, Calif.; 
Coshocton, Ohio; and Schenectady and Waterford, 
N. Y.). 

400 2d Ave., S., Minneapolis 1, Minn. (Keokuk, Iowa). 

1300 N. Dort Highway, Flint 2, Mich. 

612 S. Flower St., Los Angeles 14, Calif. 

P. O. Box 4021, Baytown, Tex. 

5200 N. 2d St., St. Louis 7, Mo. 

W. 8th and Pine Sts., Chattanooga 1, Tenn. 

330 W. 42d St., New York 18, N. Y. (Delawanna, 

N. J.). 
11001 Madison Ave., Cleveland 2, Ohio (Reading, 

Pa.; Chicago, 111.; Jacksonville, Fla.; and San 

Francisco, Calif.). 
26 Court St., Brooklyn 2, N. Y. (Natrium, W. Va.). 
324 Rose Bldg., Cleveland 15, Ohio (Port Neches, Tex.). 



150 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 26.- — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1948 — Con. 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in parentheses 
if not in same city as office) 



Goodrich, B. F., Chemical Co. 
Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co-. 



Grand Rapids Varnish Corp 

Greenwood Textile Supply Co 

Gulf Oil Corp 

Gunning & Gunnin?;;, Inc 

Guyan Color & Chemical Works- 

Hamilton Laboratories, Inc 

Hampden Color <t Chemical Co.. 

Hanna Industrial Finishes Co 

Harbor Plywood Corp 

Hardesty Chemical Co., Inc 

Harmon Color Works, Inc 

Harshaw Chemical Co 

Harsyd Chemicals, Inc 

Hart Products Corp 



Hartman Leddon Co., Inc. 

Hercules Powder Co 

Heresite <t Chemical Co._. 
Hexagon Chemicals, Inc.. 
Heyden Chemical Corp 



Hilo Varnish Corp 

Hoffman-LaRoche, Inc 

Holland Color & Chemical Co. 
Hooker-Detrex, Inc 



Hooker Electrochemical Co 

Houghton. E. F., & Co 

Huggins, James, & Son, Inc 

Humble Oil & Refining Co 

Humble Oil ■k Refining Co. (R. R.V 

Humphrey- Wilkinson, Inc 

Huron Milling Co. 

Hyman, Julius, & Co 

Hynson, Westcott ^ Dunning, Inc 

Imperial Paper & Color Corp., Pigment 

Color Div. 

Industrial Dyestufl Co 

Industrial Products, Inc 

Inland Alkaloid Co 

Inland Steel Container Co 

Innis, Speiden ■<; Co 

Interchemical Corp.: 

Finishes Div 



Textile Colors Div 

Interlake Chemical Corp. 



International Minerals & Chemical Corp. 

Ironsides Co 

Irvington Varnish & Insulator Co 

Jamieson Pharmaeal Co 

Jefferson Chemical Co., Inc 



Jennison- Wri gh t Corp 

Johnson, Chas. Eneu, & Co 

Johnson, S. C, ^ Son, Inc _ 

Jordan, W. H. & F., Jr., Manufacturing Co 

Kali Manufacturing Co 

Kalide Corp 

Kay <h Ess Co 

Kay-Fries Chemicals, Inc 



Kehew-Bradley Co 

Kendall Refining Co 

Kennecott Copper Corp 

Chino Mines Div 

Kentucky Color & Chemical Co. 

Kessler Chemical Co., Inc 

Keystone Color Works, Inc 

Keystone Varnish Co 

Kinetic Chemicals, Inc 



31 Knoedler Chemical Co 

See footnote at end of table, p. 155. 



324 Rose Bldg., Cleveland 15, Ohio (Louisville, Ky.; 

Niagara Falls, N. Y.; and Akron, Ohio). 
1144 E. Market St., Akron 16, Ohio (Niagara Falls, 

N. Y.). 
1350 Steele Ave., SW., Grand Rapids 2, Mich. 
27 Meadow St., Apponaug. R. I. 
Gulf Bldg., Pittsburgh .?0, Pa. 

601 W. 26th St., New York 1, N. Y. (Newark, N. J.I. 
P. O. Box 1088, Huntineton, W. Va. 
120 Patton Ave., Asheville, N. C. 
5 Albany St., Springfield 5, Mass. 
95 W. Long St., Columbus 15, Ohio. 
Port Dock, Hoquiam (Aberdeen), Wash. 
P. O. Drawer 110, Dover, Ohio. 
550 Belmont Ave., Haledon (Kearny), N. J. 
1945 E. 97th St., Cleveland 6, Ohio (Philadelphia, Pa.). 
Holland, Mich. 
1440 Broadway, New York 18, N. Y. (Woodbridge, 

N. J.). 
.5819-21 Market St.. Philadelphia 39, Pa. 
900 Market St., Wilmington. Del. 
822 S. 14th St., Manitowoc, Wis. 
E. Main St., Pomeroy. Ohio. 
393 7th Ave., New York 1, N. Y. (Fords, Garfield, and 

Princeton, N. J., and Memphis, Tenn.). 

42 Stewart Ave., Brooklvn 6, N. Y. 
324-424 Kingsland Rd., Nutley 10, N. J. 
P. O. Box 1001, Holland, Mich. 

Buffalo Ave. and 47th St., Niagara Falls, N. Y. 

(Tacoma. Wash.). 
Buffalo Ave. and 47th St., Niagara Falls, N. Y. 
,303 W. Lehigh Ave.. Philadelphia 33, Pa. 
239 Medford St., Maiden 48. Mass. 
P. O Box 2180, Houston 1 (Baytown), Tex. 
Baytown, Tex. 

P. O. Box 1671, New Haven, Conn. 
9 Park Pi., New York 7, N. Y. (Harbor Beach, Mich.). 
P. O. Box 2171, Denver 2, Colo. 
1030 N. Charles St.. Baltimore 1, Md. 
P. O. Box 231, Glens Falls, N. Y. 

Ma.ssasoit Ave.. East Providence 14, R. I. 

215 S. Laurens St., Greenville, S. C. 

Tipton, Ind. 

6532 S. Menard Ave., Chicago 38, HI. 

117 Liberty St., New York 6 (Niagara Falls), N. Y. 

57 State St., Newark 1, N. J. (Cincinnati, Ohio, and 

Elizabeth, N. J.). 
P. O. Box 3,57, Fair Lawn (Paterson), N. J. 
1900 Union Commerce Bldg., Cleveland 14, Ohio 

(Chicago and Forest Park, El.). 
20 N. Wacker Dr., Chicago 6, 111. (San Jo.se, Calif.). 
270 W. Mound St. (P. O. Box 1999), Columbus 16, Ohio. 
9 Argvle Ter., Irvington 11, N. J. 
7924 Riopelle St., Detroit 11, Mich. 
30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York 20, N. Y. (Port 

Neches, Tex.). 
2463 Broadway, Toledo 1, Ohio. 
10th and Lombard Sts., Philadelphia 47, Pa. 
1525 Howe St., Racine. Wis. 
212R E. Somerset St., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 
427 E. Moyer St., Philadelphia 25, Pa. 
South Canal, Lawrence, Mass. 
820 Kiser St., P. O. Box 968, Dayton 1, Ohio. 

150 Madison Ave., New York 16 (West Haverstraw), 
N. Y. 

43 Purchase St., Boston 10 (Everett), Mass. 
77 N. Kendall Ave.. Bradford, Pa. 

Kearns Bldg., Salt Lake City (Garfield), Utah. 

Hurley, N. Mex. 

600 N. 34th St., Louisville 12. Ky. 

State Rd. and Cottman Ave., Philadelphia 35, Pa. 

151 W. Gay Ave.. York, Pa. 

71 Otsego St., Brooklyn 31, N. Y. 

Dm Pont Bldg., Wilmington, Del. (Deepwater and 

Penns Grove, N. J., and East Chicago, Ind.). 
651 High St., Lancaster, Pa. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 194 8 151 

Table 26. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 19^8 — Con. 



Name of company 



OfBce address Oocation of plant given in parentheses 
if not in same city as office) 



Kohnstamm, H., & Co., Inc. 
Kolker Chemical Works, Inc 
Koppers Co., Inc.: 
Chemical Div 

Tar Products Div 



Krumbhaar Chemicals, Inc 

Kunst Bros 

Lakeside Laboratories, Inc 

Lamex Chemical Corp 

LaMotte Chemical Products Co 

Laurel Soap Manufacturing Co., Inc. 

Leatex Chemical Co 

Leffingwell Co 

Lemke, B. L., & Co., Inc 

Lever Brothers Co 



Lever, C, Co., Inc 

Levey, Frederick H., Co., Inc 

Lewis, John T., & Bros., Co 

Lewis Tar Products Co 

Libby-Owens-Ford Glass Co., Plaskon 
Div. 

Lilly, Eli & Co 

Liquid Carbonic Corp 

Locto Co 

Long, Chas. R., Jr., Co 

Lueders, George, & Co., Inc 

M & M Wood Working Co 

McCloskey Varnish Co 



McGean Chemical Co 

Magnolia Petroleum Co 

Magruder Color Co., Inc 

Mallinckrodt Chemical Works 

Maltbie Chemical Co 

Marathon Corp., Chemical Div 

Marblette Corp 

Marbon Corp 

Marco Chemicals, Inc 

Marden-Wild Corp 

Marlowe- Van Loan Corp 

Marrows, Inc 

Martin, Glenn L., Co., Chemicals Div_ 

Marx, Max, Color & Chemical Co 

Maschmeijer, A., Jr., Inc 

Masury- Young Co 

Mathieson Chemical Corp... 

May, Otto B., Inc 

Maywood Chemical Works 

Mead, Johnson & Co 



Mearl Corp 

Merck & Co., Inc. 



Merrell, Wm. S., & Co. 



Meyer, J., & Sons , 

Michigan Chemical Corp 

Midland Industrial Finishes Co. 
Mid- West Tar Products Corp... 

Miles Laboratories, Inc 

Miranol Chemical Co., Inc 

Monarch Oil & Chemical Co 

Monsanto Chemical Co 



230 Montrose Chemical Co. 



87 Park PI., New York 7 ("Brooklyn), N. Y. 
80 Lister Ave., Newark, N. J. 

Koppers Bldg., Pittsburgh 19, Pa. (Berkeley Heights, 
N. J.; Monaca, Oil City and Petrolia, Pa.; and 
Kearny, N. J.). 

Koppers Bldg., Pittsburgh 19, Pa. (Buffalo and Utica 
N. Y.; Carrollville, Wis.; Chicago, 111.; Everett 
Mass.; Follansbee, W. Va.; Woodward, Ala.; Hamil 
ton and Youngstown, Ohio; Houston, Tex.; Mem 
phis, Tenn.; New Haven, Conn.; Portland, Maine 
East Providence, R. I.; Kearny, N. J.; St. Louis 
Mo.; St. Paul, Minn.; and Swedeland and Swissvale 
Pa.). 

24-30 Jacobus Ave.. South Kearny, N. J. 

419 Bay.shore Blvd., San Francisco 24, Calif. 

1707 E. North Ave.. Milwaukee 1, Wis. 

25 Broadway, New York, N. Y. (Birmingham, Ala). 

Towson 4, Md. 

Tioaa and Thompson Sts., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 

2722 N. Hancock St., Philadelphia 33, Pa. 

12.34 Santa Gertrudes Ave., Whittier, Calif. 

250 W. Broadway, New York 13, N. Y. (Lodi, N. J.). 

50 Memorial Dr., Cambridge 39, Mass. (Hammond, 
Ind.; Baltimore, Md.; Paterson, N. J.; and San 
Diego. Calif.). 

2601-31 N. Howard St., Philadelphia 33, Pa. 

41 E. 42d St., New York 17 (Brooklvn), N. Y. 

2007 E. Cumberland St., Philadelnhia 25, Pa. 

P. O. Box A, Lyons (McCook), 111. 

2112 Sylvan Ave., Toledo, Ohio. 

740 S. Alabama St., Indianapolis 6, Ind. 

3100 S. Kedzie Ave., Chicago 23, 111. (Cleveland, Ohio). 

791 Hampden Ave., St. Paul 4, Minn. 

1630-44 W. Hill St., Louisville 10, Ky. 

427 Washington St., New York 13 (Brooklyn), N Y. 

2301 N. Columbia Blvd., Portland 3, Oreg. 

7600 State Rd., Philadelphia 36, Pa. (Chicago, 111.; Los 

Angeles, Calif.; and Portland, Oreg.). 
1106 Republic Bldg., Cleveland 13, Ohio. 
P. O. Box 900, Dallas 1 (Beaumont), Tex. 
2385 Richmond Ter., Staten Island, N. Y. 
3600 N. 2d St., St. Louis 7. Mo. 
240 High St., Newark 1 (Morristown), N. J. 
Rothschild, Wis. 

37-21 30th St., Long Lsland City, N. Y, 
1926 W. 10th Ave., Gary, Ind. 
Sewaren, N. J. 

500 Columbia St., Somerville, Mass. 
1511 Byrum St., High Point, N. C. 
540 S. Wells St., Chicago 7, 111. 

501 E. Preston St., Baltimore 2, Md. (Painesville, Ohio) 
192 Coit St., Irvington 11, N. J. 

43 W. 16th St., New York 11, N. Y. (Newark, N. J.). 

76 Roland St., Boston 29, Mass. 

60 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. 

198 Niagara St., Newark 5, N. J. 

100 W. Hunter Ave., Maywood, N. J. 

St. Joseph Ave. and Pennsylvania St., EvansvOle 21, 
Ind. 

153 Waverly PI., New York 12, N. Y. (Eastport, 
Maine). 

Lincoln Ave., Rahway, N. J. (Elkton, Va. and Phila- 
delphia, Pa.). 

Qalbraith Rd. and Pennsylvania R. R., Cincinnati 15, 
Ohio. 

4321 N. 4th St., Philadelphia 40, Pa. 

500 N. Bankston St., St. Louis, Mich. 

E. Water St. Waukegan, 111. 

332 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago. 111. (East Chicago, Ind.) 

1127 Myrtle St., Elkhart, Ind. 

16 Melville PI., Irvington 11, N. J. 

240 N. 2d St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

1700 South 2d St., St. Louis 4, Mo. (Monsanto, HI.; 
Nitro, W. Va.; Anniston, Ala.; Everett and Spring- 
field, Mass.; Texas City, Tex.; and Seattle, Wash.). 

120 Lister Ave., Newark 5,fN. J. 



152 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 26. — Syntheiic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1948 — Con. 



Name of company 



Office address Gocation of plant given in parentheses 
if not in same city as office) 



Moreland Chemical Co 

Morton Chemical Co 

Morwear Paint Co 

Nason, R. N., & Co 

National Lead Co 

Neches-Butane Products Co. (R. R.)' 

Neville Co 

Newport IndustriRS, Inc 

New York Color & Chemical Co., Div. of 

American Dyewood Co. 
New York Quinme & Chemical Works, 

Inc. 

Niagara Chlorine Products Co., Inc 

Ninol Laboratories 

Nonweiler, A. P., Co 

Nopco Chemical Co 

Norda Essential Oil & Chemical Co., Inc- 

Northwestern Chemical Co 

Novadel-Agene Corp., Lucidol Div 

Nu-Guard Chemicals, Inc 

Nuodex Products Co., Inc 

Nutrition Research Laboratories 

Ohio-Apex, Inc-. 

Ohio Chemical & Manufacturing Co 



Oldbury Electro-Chemical Co. 
Old Hickory Chemical Co 



Orbis Products Corp 

Ortho Chemical Corp 

Osborn, C. J., Co 

Ottol Oil Co 

Pacific Paint & Varnish Co 

Pan American Refining Corp 

Paraffine Companies, Inc 

Parke, Davis & Co 

Patent Chemicals, Inc 

Pathfinder Chemical Corp 

Paul-Lewis Laboratories, Inc 

Peerless Color Co., Inc 

Pennsylvania Industrial Chemical Corp. 
Pennsylvania Salt Manufacturing Co., . 



Pervo Varnish Corp 

Peters Chemical Co 

Peters Chemical Manufacturing Co. 

Pfanstiehl Chemical Co 

Pfizer, Charles, & Co., Inc 



Pharma Chemical Corp. 
Phillips Petroleum Co— 



Phillips Petroleum Co. (R. R.)i 

Pitman-Moore Co., Div. of Allied Labora- 
tories, Inc. 

Pittsburgh Coke & Chemical Co 

Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co 



Plastics Engineering Co 

Plymouth Organic Laboratories, Inc 

Polychemical Co 

Pontiac Varnish Co 

Portland Gas & Coke Co 

Poughkeepsie Dyestufl Corp 

Pratt & Lambert, Inc 

Premo Pharmaceutical lyaboratories. Inc. 
Procter & Gamble Co 



Publicker Industries, Inc 

Purocaine, Inc 

Pyridium Corp 

Quaker Chemical Products Corp. 
Quaker Oats Co_ 



R. S. A. Corp... 

Rare Chemicals, Inc... -.. 

Raybestos-Manhattan, Inc 

See footnote at end of table, p. 155. 



314 W. Henry St., Spartanburg, S. C. 

2110 High Point Rd., P. O. Box 368, Greensboro, N. C 

568-14th St., Oakland 12, Calif. 

151 Potrero Ave.. San Francisco 3, Calif. 

Ill Broadway, New York 6, N. Y. 

P. O. Box 1535, Port Neches, Tex. 

Neville Island P. O., Pittsburgh 25, Pa. 

P. O. Box 911, Pensacola, Fla. 

Main and Jorolemon Sts., Belleville 9, N. J. 

99-117 N. 11th St., Brooklyn 11, N. Y. 

N. Transit Rd., Lockport, N. Y. 

1719 S. Clinton St., Chieaeo 16, 111. 

P. O. Box 1007, Oskhosh, Wis. 

1st and Essex Sts., Harrison, N. J. (Cedartown, Oa.l. 

601 W. 26th St., New York 1, N. Y. (Boonton, N. J.). 

1263 N. 70th St., Wauwatosa 13, Wis. 

1740 Military Rd., Buffalo 5, N. Y. 

7009 River Rd., Edgewater, N. J. (Warren, Pa). 

8.30 Magnolia Ave., Elizabeth, N. J. 

4210 Peterson Ave., Chicago 30, 111. 

P. O. Box 98, Nitro, W. Va. 

1177 Marquette St., Cleveland 14, Ohio (Madison, 

Wis.). 
5001 Buffalo Ave., Niaeara Falls, N. Y. 
P. O. Box 1480, Richmond 12, Va. (Old Hickory, 

Term.). 
215 Pearl St., New York 7, N. Y. (Newark 5, N. J.). 
44-26 Purvis St., Long Island City, N. Y. 
132 Nassau St., New York 7, N. Y. (Linden, N. J.) 
455 Cortlandt St., Belleville 9, N. J. 
4th and Cedar Sts., Berkelov 10, Calif. 
P. O. Box 401, Texas City, Tex. 
475 Brannan St., San Francisco (Emeryville), Calif. 
Foot of Joseph Campau, Detroit 32, Mich. 
335 McLean Blvd., Paterson 4, N. J. 
5408 Baker Ave., Niagara Falls, N. Y. 
4253 N. Port Washington Rd., Milwaukee, Wis. 
521-535 North Ave., Plainfield, N. J. 
120 State St., Clairton (Chester), Pa. 
1000 Widener Bldg., Philadelphia 7, Pa. (Wyandotte, 

Mich.; Pittstovm, N. ,1.; and Natrona, Pa.). 
6624 Stanford Ave., Los Angeles 1, Calif. 
2575 Ewen Ave., New York 63, N. Y. 
3623 Lake St., Melrose Park, 111. 
104 Lakeview Ave., Waukegan, 111. 
11 Bartlett St., Brookljm 6, N. Y. (Terre Haute, Ind., 

and Groton, Conn.). 
175 5th Ave., New York 10, N. Y. (Bayonne, N. J.). 
Bartlcsville, Okla. (Phillips, Tex., and Oklahoma City, 

Okla.). 
Bartlesville, Okla. (Borger, Tex). 
1200 Madison Ave., Indianapolis 2, Ind. 

1905 Grant Bldg., Pittsburgh 19 (Neville Island), Pa. 
2000 Grant Bldg., Pittsburgh 19, Pa. (Milwaukee, 

Wis.; Newark, N. .7.; Detroit, Mich.; and Cleveland, 

Dayton, and Barberton, Ohio). 
1603 Geele Ave., Shebovgan, Wis. 
59 Beekman St., New York 7 (Brooklyn), N. Y. 
494 Hunts Point Ave., New York 59, N. Y. 
30 Brush St., Pontiac 12, Mich. 
Public Service Bldg., Portland 4, Oreg. 
77 N. Water St., Poughkeepsie. N. Y. 
75 Tonawanda St., Buffalo 7, N. Y. 
Lenning St., S. Hackensack, N. J. 
Gwynne Bldg., Cinciimati 2, Ohio (Chicago, 111.; 

Dallas, Tex.; Kansas City, Kans.; Ivorydale, Ohio; 

and Staten Island, N. Y.). 
1429 Walnut St., Philadelphia 2, Pa. 
Union and Adams St., West Chester, Pa. 
21 Gray Oaks Ave., Yonkers (Harriman), N. Y. 
Lime, Elm, and Sandy Sts., Conshohocken, Pa. 
141 W. Jackson Blvd., Chicago 4, 111. (Memphis, Term., 

and Cedar Rapids, Iowa). 
690 Saw Mill River Rd., Ardsley, N. Y. 
1st and Essex Sts., Harrison (Flemington), N. J. 
P. O. Box 1021, Bridgeport (Stratford), Conn. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 194 8 153 

Table 26. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of mamtfacturers, 194.8 — Con. 



Name of company 



Oflace address flocation of plant given in parentheses 
if not in same city as office) 



Red Spot Paint Co 

Reichhold Chemicals, Inc... 

Reilly Tar & Chemical Corp 

Reliance Varnish Co 

Reminpton Arms Co., Inc.. 
Repubhc Creosoting Co 



Richards Chemical Works Div., Onyx OU 
& Chemical Co. 

Richardson Co 

Richfield Oil Corp 

Richmond Chemical Corp 

R inshed-Mason Co 

Ritter, F., & Co ._ 

Ritter Chemical Co., Inc.- 

Rohm & Haas Co 

Roosen, H. D., Co., Inc 

RossvUle Dyestuff Corp 

Royce Chemical Co 

Ruberoid Co 

Salem Oil & Grease Co 

Salvo Chemical Corp 

Schenectady Varnish Co., Inc 

Schenlev Laboratories, Inc 

Scherer, R. P., Corp 

Sobering Corp 

Schieflelin & Co 

Scholler Bros., Inc 

Schuylkill Chemical Co 

Schwarz Laboratories, Inc 

Searle, G. D., & Co 

Seattle Gas Co 

Seeley & Co., Inc 

Seydel Chemical Co 

Sharp & Dohme, Inc 

Sharpies Chemicals, Inc 

Shawinigan Resins Corp 

Sheffield Farms Co., Inc., Chemurgic Div 
Shell Chemical Corp 

Shell Oil Co., Inc. 

Shell Oil Co., Inc. (Pacific coast territory) 

Shepherd Chemical Co 

Sherwin-Williams Co 



Siddall, George F., Co., Inc 

Sinclair Refining Co 

Sinclair & Valentine Co 

Sipe, James B., & Co., Inc 

Skelly Oil Co 

Smith-New York Co., Inc 

Smith, Kline & French Laboratories 

Snyder Chemical Corp 

Socony- Vacuum Oil Co., Inc 

Soluol Chemical Co., Inc 

Solvent Chemical Co., Inc 

Sonoco Products Co 

Sonneborn, L., Sons, Inc 

Southern Dyestuff Corp 

Southern Sizing Co 

Southern Textile Chemical Corp 

Spaulding Fibre Co., Inc 

Special Chemicals Co 

857784 — 49 11 



110-112 Main St., Evansville, Ind. 

707 Woodward Heights Blvd., Detroit 20. Mich. (Eliz- 
abeth, N. J.; San Francisco, Calif.; Seattle, Wash.; 
Brooklyn, N. Y.; and Tuscaloosa, Ala.). 

1615 Merchants Bank Bldg., Indianapolis 4, Ind. 
(Chicago, 111.; Newark, N. J.; Granite City, 111.; 
Fairmont, W. Va.; Chattanooga, Term.; Dover and 
Cleveland, Ohio; and Belle, W. Va.). 

4730 Crittenden Dr., Louisville 9, Ky. 

939 Barnum Ave., Bridgeport 2, Corin. 

1615 Merchants Bank Bldg., Indianapolis 4, Ind. 
(Ironton, Utah; St. Louis Park. Minn.; Mobile, 
Ala.; Norfolk, Va.; and Renton, Wash.). 

190 Warren St., Jersey City 2, N. J. 

27th Ave. and Lake St., Melrose Park, 111. 

555 S. Flower St., Los Angeles 13 (Watson), Calif. 

1483 Richmond Ter., Staten Island 10, N. Y. 

5935 Milford St., Detroit 10, Mich. 

4641 Hollywood Blvd., Los Angeles, Calif. 

403 W. I\rain St., Amsterdam, N. Y. 

222 W. Washington Sq., Philadelphia, Pa. (Brides- 
burg and Bristol, Pa.; Knoxville, Term.; and Pasa- 
dena, Tex.). 

41 E 42d St., New York 17 (Brooklyn), N. Y. 

Arthur Kill Rd., Staten Island 13, N. Y. 

Carlton Ave., Carlton Hill, N. J. 

500 5th Ave., New York 18, N. Y., (Baltimore, Md.; 
Joliet, 111.; and Erie, Pa.). 

60 Grove St., Salem, Mass. 

Rothschild, Wis. 

P. O. Box 1046, Schenectady 1, N. Y. 

350 5th Ave., New York 1, N. Y. (Lawrenceburg, Ind.). 

9425 Grinnell Ave., Detroit 13, Mich. 

2 Broad St., Bloomfield (Union), N. J. 

16-30 Cooper Sq., New York 3, N. Y. 

Collins and Westmoreland Sts., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 

2346 Sedgley Ave., Philadelphia 32, Pa. 

202 E. 44th St., New York 17, (Mt. Vernon), N. Y. 

P. O. Box 5110, Chicago 80 (Skogie), 111. 

1511 4th Ave., Seattle 11, Wash. 

1 Main St., Nyack, N. Y. 

225 Mercer St., Jersey City 2 (Allwood), N. J. 

640 N. Broad St., Philadelphia 1, Pa. 

123 S. Broad St., Philadelphia 9, Pa. (Wyandotte, 
Mich.). 

644 Monsanto Ave., Springfield 2, Mass. 

P. O. Box 467, Norwich, N. Y. 

50 W. 50th St., New York 20, N. Y. (Martinez, Domin- 
guez, and Pittsburg, Calif., and Houston, Tex.). 

50 W. 50th St., New York 20, N. Y. (Roxana, lU.). 

50 W. 50th St., New York 20, N. Y. (Martinez and 
Wilmington, Calif.). 

2803 Highland Ave., Cincinnati 12, Ohio. 

101 Prospect Ave., Cleveland 1, Ohio (Chicago, 111.; 
Newark and Gibbsboro, N. J.; Oakland and Los 
Angeles, Calif.; Dallas, Texas; Detroit, Mich.; Day- 
ton, Ohio; and Pittsburgh, Pa.). 

P. O. Box 925, Spartanburg, S. C. (Cranston, R. I.). 

630 5th Ave., New York 20, N. Y. (Marcus Hook, Pa.). 

611 W. 129th St., New York 27, N. Y. (Ridgway, Pa.). 

P. O. Box 8010, S. Hills Branch, Pittsburgh 16 (Bridge- 
ville). Pa. 

P. O. Box 436, Kansas City 10, Mo. (Eunice, New 
Mex.). 

69 Hampton PL, Freeport, L. I., N. Y. 

1530 Spring Garden St., Philadelphia 1, Pa. 

Henry Street, Bethel, Conn. 

26 Broadway, New York 4, N. Y . 

Green Hill and Market Sts., Natick, R. I. 

341 Commercial St., Maiden 48, Mass. 

HartsvUle, S. C. 

88 Lexington Ave., New York 16, N. Y. (Nutley, N. J.). 

P. O. Box 1045, Charlotte (Sodyeco), N. C. 

P. O. Box 128, East Point, Ga. 

c/o United Merchants <fe Manufacturers, Inc., 1412 
Broadway, New York 18, N. Y. (Clearwater, S. C). 

310 Wheeler St., Tonawanda, N. Y. 

1545 E. 18th St., Cleveland 14, Ohio. 



154 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Table 26. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturer^, 194S — Con. 



Name of company 



Oflfice address Oocation of plant given in parentheses 
if not in same city as office) 



Specialty Resins Co 

Spencer Chemical Co 

Spicer-Qerhart Corp 

Springfield Gas Light Co. 
Squibb, E. R., & Sons.__. 



Staley, A. E., Manufacturing Co 

Standard Agricultural Chemicals, Inc. 

Standard Brands, Inc 

Standard Chemical Co 

Standard Chemical Products, Inc 

Standard Chlorine Chemical Co 

Standard Naphthalene Products Co.-- 
Standard Oil Co. of California 



Standard Oil Co. of Indiana. 



Standard Ultramarine Co_. 
Standard Varnish Works... 

Stange, W. J., Co 

Stanton Laboratories, Inc . _ 
Staufler Chemical Co., Inc- 



Stepan Chemical Co. 
Sterling Drug, Inc.: 
Bayer Co. Div 



Hilton-Davis Chemical Co. Div 

Stresen-Reuter, Frederick A., Inc 

Summit Chemical Products Corp 

Sumner Chemical Co., Inc.. 

Sun Chemical Corp.: 

Pigments Dept 

Warwick Chemical Co. Div 

Sun Oil Co 

Sun Oil Co. (R. R.)i 

Swope Oil & Chemical Co 

Synthetic Chemicals, Inc _-. 

Synthetic Products Co 

Synthetical Laboratories 

Synvar Corp 

Tar Distilling Co., Inc 

Taylor Fibre Co 

Tennessee Eastman Corp 

Tennessee Products & Chemical Corp. 



Texas Co 

Thiokol Corp 

Thomas Chemicals, Inc 

Thomasset Colors, Inc 

Thompson Horticultural Chemical Corp. 

Trask, Arthur C, Co 

Treyz, George I., Co. Inc 

Tri-mer Chemical Co., Inc 

Trojan Powder Co 

Trubek Laboratories 



Uhlich, Paul, & Co., Inc 

Union Carbide & Carbon Corp., Halowax 

Products Div 

Union Oil Co. of California 

United Piece Dye Works 

U. S. Finishing Co 

U. S. Industrial Chemicals, Inc 



U. S. Oil Co 

U. S. Procaine Co., Inc 

U. S. Rubber Co., Naugatuck Chemical 

Div. 
U. S. Rubber Co. (R. R.)i 



U. S. Vanadium Corp., Niacet Chemicals 
Div. 

Upjohn Co 

Valentine & Co., Inc 

Valite Corp 



2801 L>Tiwood Rd., LjTiwood, Calif. 

Dwight Bldg., Kansas City, Mo. (Pittsburg, Kans.). 

35 S. Raymond Ave., Pasedena (Sunland), Calif. 

35 State St., Springfield, Mass. 

32-14 Northern Blvd., Long Island City, N. Y. (New 

Brunswick, N. J.). 
Eldorado and 22d Sts., Decatur, 111. 
1.301 Jefferson St., Hohoken, N. J. 
595 Madison Ave., New York 22 (Peekskill), N. Y. 
217 New St., Philadelphia 6, Pa. 
1301 JefTerson St., Hoboken, N. .T. 
115 Jacobus Ave., South Kearny, N. J. 
115 Jacobus Ave., South Kearnv, N. J. 
225 Bush St., San Francisco 20 (Richmond, El Segimdo, 

and Bakersfield), Calif. 
910 S. Michigan Ave.. Chicago 80, 111. (Whiting, Ind., 

and Wood River, 111.). 
5th Ave., Huntineton 18, W. Va. 
2600 Richmond Ter., Staten Island 3, N. Y. 
342 N. Western Ave.. Chicago 12, 111. 
227 Krams Ave., Philadelphia 27, Pa. 
420 Lexington Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Bentonville 

and Roanoke, Va.; Chester and Monongahela, Pa.; 

Perrv. Ohio; and Niagara Falls, N. Y.). 
1353 N. Branch St., Chicago 22, 111. 

170 Varick St., New York 13, N. Y. (Trenton, N. J., 

and Rensselaer, N. Y.). 
2235 Langdon Farm Rd. Cincinnati, Ohio. 
2113 Medill Ave., Chicago 47 (Bensenville), 111. 
11 William St., Belleville 9, N. J. 
151 N. Centennial St., Zeeland, Mich. 

309 Sussex St., Harrison, N. J. 

100 Pulaski St., West Warwick, R. I. 

1608 Walnut St., Philadelphia 3 (Marcus Hook), Pa. 

1608 Walnut St., Philadelphia 3, Pa. (Toledo, Ohio). 

3335 Richmond St., Philadelphia 34. Pa. 

335 McLean Blvd., Paterson 4. N. J. 

1798 London Rd. Cleveland 12, Ohio. 

5556 Ardmore Ave.. Chicago 30, 111. 

415 E. Front St., Wilmington, Del. 

500 5th Ave., New York IS, N. Y. (Cleveland, Ohio). 

P.O. Box 471, Norristown (Betzwood), Pa. 

Horse Creek Rd., Kingsport, Tenn. 

404 American National Bank Bldg., Nashville 3 (Chat- 
tanooga), Tenn. 

P.O. Box 2332, Houston, Tex. 

780 N. Clinton Ave., Trenton 7, N. J. 

Green and Leuning Sts., South Hackensack, N. J. 

338 Wilson Ave., Newark 5, N. J. 

3600 Monon St., Los Angeles 27, Calif. 

4103 So. LaSalle St., Chicago 9, 111. 

Cooks Falls (Horton), N. Y. 

18 Elmcroft Rd., Stamford (Springdale), Conn. 

17 N. 7th St., Allentown (Seiple), Pa. 

State Highwav #17, East Rutherford, N. J. (Long Island 
City, N. Y.). 

90 West St., New York 6, N. Y. 

30 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (Wyandotte, Mich.) 

617 W. 7th St., Los Angeles 14 (Wilmington), Calif. 

Lodi, N. J. 

5th St., Norwich, Conn. (Providence, R. I.). 

60 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (Baltimore, Md.; 
New Orleans, La.; Newark, N. J.; and Pensacola, 
Fla.). 

P. O. Box 1345, Providence 1 (Phillipsdale), R. I. 

2911-21 Atlantic Ave., Brooklyn 7, N. Y. 

1230 Avenue of the Americas, New York 20, N. Y. 
(Naugatuck, Conn.). 

12:30 Avenue of the Americas, New York 20, N. Y. (Nau- 
gatuck, Conn.; Borger, Tex.; Institute, W. Va.; and 
Los Angeles (Torrence P. O.), Calif.). 

30 E. 42d St., New York 17 (Niagara Falls), N. Y. 

301 Henrietta St., Kalamazoo 99, Mich. 

11 E. 3r)th St., New York 16 (Brooklyn 11), N. Y. 

727 Whitney Bldg., New Orleans 12 (Lockport), La. 



See footnote at end of table, p. 155. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 155 

Table 26. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1948 — Con. 



No. 



Name of company 



Office address flocation of plant given in parentheses 
if not in same city as office) 



378 
279 
129 

312 
187 

516 
368 
196 

80 
460 
309 

11 
131 
461 
102 
478 
100 
421 
130 
369 
311 
164 
148 

50 
525 
527 
136 
489 
493 
199 
127 

422 
171 
390 
468 
471 
443 
220 



Van Ameringen-Haebler, Inc 

Van Camp Laboratories 

Van Dyk & Co 

Varcum Chemical Corp 

Velsicol Corp - 

Vcrley Chemical Co., Inc 

Verona Chemical Co 

Victor Chemical Works 

Virginia Smeltmg Co 

Vita-Var Corp 

Wahca Chemical Corp 

Wallace & Tiernan Products, Inc 

Warner-Jenkinson Manufacturing Co 

Wa.shburn, T. F., Co 

Watertown Manufacturing Co 

Watson-Park Co 

Werner Drug & Chemical Co 

Western Condensing Co 

Western Dry Color Co 

Westinghouse Electric Corp 

Westviile Laboratories 

Wetherill, Geo D., Varnish Co 

Wheeler, Reynolds & Staufler 

White & Bagley Co 

White & Hodges, Inc 

Whittemore-Wright Co., Inc 

Williams, C. K., & Co 

Wilmot & Cassidy, Inc 

Wilson Laboratories 

Winthrop-Stearns, Inc 

Witco Chemical Co 

Witte, John H., & Sons 

Wolff-Alpoit Chemical Corp 

Wyandotte Chemicals Corp 

Wyeth, Inc 

Young AnOine Works, Ine 

Zinsser & Co., Inc. 

Zurn, O. F., Co 



315 4th Ave., New York 10, N. Y. (Elizabeth, N. J.). 

772 Tuna St., Terminal Island, Calif. 

11 William St., Belleville 9, N. J. 

P. O. Box 476, Niagara Falls, N. Y. 

330 E. Grand Ave., Chicago 11, 111. (Marshall, 111. and 

Los Alamitos, Calif.). 
200 Pulaski St., Newark, N. J. 
26 Verona Ave., Newark 4, N. J. 
141 W. Jackson Blvd., Chicago 4, Dl. 
JeSerson St. and 3d Ave., West Norfolk, Va. 
1180 Raymond Blvd., Newark 2, N. J. 
338 Wilson Ave., Newark 5, N. J. 
Belleville 9, N. J. 
2526 Baldwin St., St. Louis 6, Mo. 
2244 Elston Ave., Chicago 14, 111. 
127 Echo Lake Rd., Watertown, Conn. 
261 Franklin St., Boston 10 (Andover). Mass. 
759 Beechwood Ave., Cincinnati 32, Ohio. 
935 E. John St., Appleton (A dell), Wis. 
600 W. 52d St., Chicago 9, 111. 
306 4th Ave., Pittsburgh 30, Pa. 
Monroe, Conn. 

Haddon Ave. and White Horse Pike, Camden, N. J. 
636 California St., San Francisco 8 (Richmond), Oalif. 
100 Foster St., Worcester, Mass. 
2 Wellington Ave., Everett 49, Mass, 
62 AUord St., Boston 29, Mass. 
2001 Lynch Ave., East St. Louis, 111. 
108 Provost St., Brooklyn 22, N. Y. 
4221 S. Western Ave., Chicago 9, 111. 
170 Varick St., New York 13 (Rensselaer), N. Y. 
295 Madison Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Brooklyn, 

N. Y. and Chicago, 111.). 
206 Jefferson St., Burlington, Iowa. 
1127 Irving Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
1609 Biddle Ave., Wyandotte, Mich. 
1600 Arch St., PhOadelphia 3 (West Chester), Pa. 
2701-2733 Boston St., Baltimore 24, Md. 
Railroad Ave., Hastings on Hudson, N. Y. 
2736 N. Broad St., Philadelphia, Pa. 



1 R. R. in parentheses following the name of a company indicates U. S. Government plant operated by 
Rubber Reserve Company. 



APPENDIX 
A. United Stales Imports of Coal-Tar Intermediates and Finished Products 

Statistics on United States imports of coal-tar products entered 
under paragraphs 27 and 28 of the Tariff Act of 1930 are given, for 
each year 1946-48, in table 27. The data were obtained by analyzing 
invoices covering imports through all United States customs districts 
and are given in detail in a separate report.' 

Imports of coal-tar intermediates entered under paragraph 27 in 
1948 totaled 2 million pounds, with a foreign value of 1.1 million 
dollars, compared with 2.6 million pounds, valued at $530,000, in 1947 
and 3.1 million pounds, valued at $437,000, in 1946. In terms of 
quantity, imports in 1948 came chiefly from Belgium, the United 
Kingdom, Germany, and Italy; in terms of value, however, Switzer- 
land was first, followed by Belgium, the United Kingdom, France, 
Italy, and Germany. In terms of quantity, the m.ost important 
intermediates imported in 1948 were phthalic anhydride for alkyd 
resins, plasticizers, and dyestuffs, principally from Belgium and Italy; 
o-cresol for the plastics industry, entirely from the United Kingdom, 
Australia, Canada, and Switzerland; and jS-naphthol for the dye 
industr}^, principally from Germany. 



Table 27. — Coal-tar iniermediates and finished coal-tar products: United States 
imports for consumption, classified by iises, 1946~4S 





1946 


1947 


1948 


Product 


Quantity 


Forcien 
value 


Quantity 


Foreisn 
value 


Quantity 


Foreign 
value 




1,000 
pounds 
3,121 


1,000 
dollars 
437 


1,000 
povMds 
2.613 


1.000 
dollars 
530 


1,000 
pounds 
2,021 


1,000 
dollars 
1,121 






Finished coal-tar products, total 


1,430 


2.649 


979 


2,292 


1,105 


3,450 






Dyes, total ' 


2 963 


2, 362 


2 797 


2.026 


2 961 


2,674 






Acid.. 

Vat 


317 

20 

123 

.307 

103 

33 

57 

3 

26 

32 

409 


853 

61 

290 

677 

206 

91 

183 

1 

32 
164 
91 


259 
21 
72 
235 
161 
24 
19 
6 

18 
21 
143 


813 
62 
167 
511 
323 
71 
77 
2 

129 

84 
53 


307 
13 
96 

421 

5 

16 

28 

75 

28 
24 
92 


1,126 
44 




241 


Direct 


1,021 




11 




40 




108 


All other . .-- ._- -- - 


83 


Medieinals and pharmaceuticals 

Flavor and perfume materials _. 


693 
49 


All other _._ 


34 







1 There were no imports of sulfur dyes during 1946-18. 

2 "Actual" weight; the "computed" weight (corrected to the standards of strength established by the* 
Secretary of the Treasury) was 1.6 million pounds in 1946, 1.3 million in 1947, and 1.5 million in 1948. 



Source: Compiled from records of the U. S. Bureau of Customs. 



r. S. Tariff Commission, Imports of Coal-Tar Products, 1948 [processed]. 



857784—49- 



157 



158 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Imports of finished coal-tar products entered under paragraph 28 
consisted of dyes, medicinals and pharmaceuticals, flavor and perfume 
materials, and miscellaneous finished products. In 1948 imports of 
these coal-tar products totaled 1.1 million pounds, with a foreign 
value of 3.5 million dollars. This quantity exceeds the 979,000 
pounds, valued at 2.3 million dollars, reported in 1947 although it is 
less than the 1.4 million pounds, valued at 2.6 million dollars, reported 
in 1946. Most of the large increases in value in 1948 compared with 
1946 and 1947, however, reflects higher average unit values of imported 
medicinals and pharmaceuticals. 

Dyes constituted the most import group among the finished coal-tar 
products miported in 1948; imports of dyes, almost entirely from 
Switzerland, amounted to 2.7 million dollars and accounted for 78 
percent of the total foreign value of all imports under paragraph 28. 
In 1947 imports of dyes amounted to 2.0 million dollars, or 88 percent 
of the total foreign value of imports of all finished coal-tar products. 
Medicinals and pharmaceuticals, also imported principally from 
Switzerland, ranked next to dyes in 1948. Imports of these products 
amounted to $693,000, or 20 percent of the total value of imports 
under paragraph 28 in 1948, compared with $129,000, or 6 percent, 
in 1947. On the other hand, imports of flavor and perfume materials 
declined in foreign value to $49,000 (from $84,000 in 1947) and imports 
of all other finished coal-tar products, chiefly synthetic resins, to 
$34,000 (from $53,000 in 1947). 

B. Research Workers and Expenditures in the Industry 

Because of the interest of the synthetic organic chemical industry 
in data on research, the Tariff Commission each year collects and 
publishes statistics on the number of technically trained research 
workers in the synthetic organic chemical industry, their salaries, and 
the cost of research (see table 28) . Such information is not available 
elsewhere. Since many companies which produce synthetic organic 
chemicals also manufacture other products, the data are only approxi- 
mate. If a company also produces other items, it has been necessary 
to distribute the research costs; for some companies this distribution 
is somewhat arbitrary. Notwithstanding these limitations, the 
statistics do indicate trends in the amount of research work done in 
the synthetic organic chemical industry. It is believed that the 
data here reported cover about 80 percent of the total expenditures 
of the industry for research activities. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 



159 



Table 28. — Synthetic organic chemical industry: Ntimber of research workers, 
salaries paid research workers, and cost of research, 1941-48 





Com- 
panies 
report- 
ing 


Techni- 
cally- 
trained 
research 
workers ' 


Salaries 

paid 
research 
workers 


Total reported cost of research 


Year 


Within the plant 


Outside 

the 

plant 




Gross 


Net 2 


1941 


Number 
153 
183 
236 
272 
274 
313 
301 
303 


Number 
2,957 
3,839 
5,086 
5,118 
6,219 
7,527 
8,707 
9,114 


1,000 
dollars 
8,966 
11,541 
20, 816 
22, 428 
26, 944 
35, 791 
41,, 571 
46, 346 


1,000 
dollars 
18,425 
23,440 
28, 723 
43. 820 
55, 046 
73, 376 
90. 640 
98, 729 


1,000 
dollars 
17. 137 
20, 768 
28, 470 
40, 946 
52, 184 
69, 412 
87, 825 
95,417 


1,000 
dollars 

(3) 


1942 


0) 


1943 - 


(3) 


1944 


2 546 


1945 


4 023 


1946 


4,249 


1947 -- - - 


4 600 


1948 


4,594 





> For the years 1941-43, a technically trained rpsearch worker was defined as a person with technical train- 
ing engaged in research work and earning not less than $2,000 per year; beginning in 1944, the minimum 
amount of earnings was fixed at $2,500. 

2 The net cost figure is obtained by deducting from gross cost the credits for salable products obtained in 
the course of research. 

3 Data for research outside the plant were not collected before 1944. 

The number of companies reporting on research workers and 
expenditures in 1948 was 303, compared with 301 for 1947. For the 
303 companies reporting, the number of research workers in 1948 
was 9,114, an increase of 4.7 percent over the 8,707 reported for 1947. 
The average salarj^ paid was $5,085, an increase of $311 per year over 
that in 1946. Total salaries paid in 1948 w^ere 46.3 million dollars 
compared with 41.6 milUon in 1947. The gross cost of the research 
in 1948 was 98.7 million dollars, an increase of 8.1 million dollars over 
that of 1947. The cost of research activities outside the plant, 
consisting chiefly of research projects in universities, privately owned 
laboratories, and for consulting services (not included in the above 
figures) was 4.6 million dollars, which, however, does not completely 
represent all this type of research activity in the United States. 

C. Glossary of Synonymous Names of Cyclic Intermediates 

Many cyclic intermediates are known in the trade under a number 
of different common names, and frequently individuals in the trade 
are not acquainted with all the synonymous names for a given 
product. To bring together synonymous names for each product, 
the tables on intermediates (see tables 7A in part II, and 7B in part 
III) show the standard name in accordance with the system used by 
Chemical Abstracts, followed in parenthesis by the most common 
other synonymous name. 

The glossary of synonymous names given below was compiled at the 
suggestion of the Industry Advisory Committee on Government 
reports to serve principally as an index to the standard names used in 
the tables on intermediates. The common, or trivial names, usually 



160 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



encountered in the trade are alphabetized in the first column of the 
glossary and the corresponding standard (Chemical Abstracts) names, 
under which the data are presented in tables 7A and 7B, are given in 
the second column. 

Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



p-Acetamidobenzen9suKonyl chloride 

5-Acetamido-2-hydroxybenzoic acid 

5- Acetamido-ort hanilic acid 

Acetanilide-p-sulfonic acid 

Acetanilid sulfon chloride 

Acetoacet-o-chloroanilide __. 

o- Acetoacetochloroanilide 

p-Ace toacetochloroanilide 

Acetoacet-o-toluidide 

Acctoacet-o-toluidine 

m- Acptoacetoxylidide 

Acetoacet yl-o-anisidine 

Acetoacetyl benzidide 

Aceto-p-chloroanilide 

Acet ylacet-o-phenylacetoacetanilide 

Acetyl-p-amino-o-aminophenol hydrochloride 

Acetylamino Cleve's acid _. 

Ace tyl-o-anisidine _._ 

Acetyl-p-anisidine 

Acctyldiaminoanthrariuinonc 

Acetyl-2,4-diaminophenol hydrochloride _ 

Acetyl-l,4-naphthalenediamine-6( and 7)-sulfonic 
acids. 

Acetyl-p-n itro-o-aminophenol 

Acetyl-m-phenylenediamine 

Acet yl-p-phenylenediamine 

Acet yl-p-phenylenediamine sulfate 

N<-Acetyl-2-sulf o-p-phenylenediamine. _ _ _ 

N-Acet vl-o-toluidine 

1,2,4 Acid 

3- Aminoacetanilide _ . _ 

Aminoazobenzene disulfo acid . _ 

Aminoazobenzene-3,4-disulfonic acid 

p- Aminoazobenzene and hydrochloride 

Aminoazoben zene-m-sulfonic acid 

Amlnoazobenzene-p-sulfonic acid 

o- Aminoazotoluene 

o- Aminoazotoluene sulfate 

o-Aminoazotoluenesulfonic acid and salt 

Aminoazoxylene 

Aminoazoxylenetoluidine 

8-Amino-l,2-benzacridone 

o- Aminobenzoic acid 

m-Aminobenzoyl I acid 

m- Aminobenzoyl J acid 

o- Aminobenzylsulfonic acid 

2- Aminobiphenyl 

4- Aminobiphenyl 

l-Amino-2-bromo-4-(p-toluidine)anthraquinone-- 

3-Amino-N-butyl-p-tolue nesulfonamide 

5-Amino-2-chlorobenzoic acid 

2-Amino-4-chlorotoluene 

2-Amino-6-chlorotoluene 

2- Amino-5-ehlorotoluene hydrochloride 

m-Amino-p-cresol 

2-Amino-p-cresol methyl ether 

3-Amino-p-cresol methyl ether 

Aminodichlorobenzenesulfonic acid _ . 

2-Aminodicyclohexyl- 

2-Amino-l,4-diethoxybenzene--- . 

2-Amin3-5-diethylaminotoluene hydrochloride. __ 

p-Aminodiethylaniline _.- _ 

2- Amino- 1 ,4-d imethoxy benzene 

p-Aminodimcthylaniline. . 

p-Aminodimethylaniline hydrochloride 

p- Aminodimethylaniline sulfate 

2-Amino-4,6-dinitrophenol and salt 

o-Aminodiphenyl 

p-Aminodiphenyl _ ■ 



N-Acetylsulfanilyl chloride. 

5-Acetamidosalicylic acid. 

5-Acetamido-2-aminobenzenesulfonic acid. 

N-Acptylsulfanilic acid. 

N- Acetylsulfanilyl chloride . 

o-Chloroacctoacetani!ide. 
Do. 

p-Chloroacetoacetanilide. 

o-Acetoacetotoluide. 
Do. 

2,4-Acetoacetoxylide. 

o-Acetoacetaniside. 

p,p'-Biacetoacetanilide. 

p-Chloroacetoacetanilide. 

7-(o-Acetoacetophenyl)acetoacetanilide. 

4-Acetamido-2-aminophenoI hydrochloride. 

8-Acetamido-5-amino-2(and 3)-naphthalenesulfonic 
acids. 

o-Acetaniside. 

p-Acetaniside. 

i,5(and l,8)-Diacetamidoanthraquinone. 

4-.\.cetamido-2-aminophenol hydrochloride. 

8-Acctamido-5-amino-2(and 3)-naphthalenesulfonic 
acids. 

2-Acetamido-4-nitrophenol. 

m-Aminoacetanilide. 

p- Aminoacetanilide. 

p-Aminoacetanilide sulfate. 

5-Acetamido-2-aminobenzenesulfonic acid. 

o-Acetotoluide. 

l-Amino-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid. 

m-Ammoacetanilide. 

6-Amino-3,4'-azobis(benzenesulfonic acid). 
Do. 

p-Phenylazoaniline and hydrochloride. 

m-(p-Aminophenylazo)benzenesulfonic acid. 

p-(p-Aminophenylazo)benzenesulfonic acid. 

4-(o-Tolylazo)-o-toiuidine. 

4-(o-Tolylazo)-o-toluidine sulfate. 

4-(4-Amino-m-tolylazo)-m-toluenesulfonic acid and 
salt. 

4-(2,4-Xylylazo)-2,5-xylidine. 

4-(2,4-Xylylazo)-o-toluidine. 

S-Amino-l,2-benzacridin-7(12)-one. 

Anthranilic acid. 

6-(m-Aminobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
Do. 

o-Toluidinomethanesulfonic acid. 

o-Biphenylamine. 

Xenylamine. 

l-Amino-2-bromo-4-(p-toluidino)anthraquinone. 

3-Amino-N-butyl-p-anisolesulfonamide. 

3-Amino-6-chlorobenzoic acid. 

5-Chloro-o-toluidine. 

3-Chloro-o-toluidine. 

4-Chloro-o-tolnidine hydrochloride. 

2-Amino-p-cresol. 

6-Methoxy-m-toluidine. 

5-Methyl-o-anisidine. 

2,5-Dichlorosulfanilic acid. 

2-Aminobicyclohe.xyl. 

2,5-Diethoxyaniline. 

N5,.VJ-Diethyl-2.5-toluenediamine hydrochloride. 

N,N-Diethyi-p-phenylenediamine. 

2,5-Dimcthoxyaniline. 

N,N-Dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine. 

N,N-Dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine hydrochlo- 
ride. 

N,N-Dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine sulfate. 

Picramic acid and salt. 

o-Biphenylamine. 

p-Biphenylamine. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 161 

Cyclic inter inediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Common name 



p-Amiuodipheny lamine - - 

p-Aminod iphony lam ine-2-sul(onic acid - 

4-Aminodiphenylamin6-2-sulfonicacid 

Aminodiiihenyi ether 

Amino Epsilon acid (salt) 

4- Aminoethoxyethylaniline. 

Amino G acid 

Amino H acid 

Amino I acid (salt) 

Amino Jacid 

Amino 2R acid — 

p-Amino-X-isobutylphcnol - 

5-Amino-2-methoxy benzyl alcohol 

4-Amino-2-methoxy-2'-dipheny lam inesulfonic acid 

4-Amtno-3-methoxydiplienylamine-2-sulfonic acid 

4-Amino-4'-methyidiphenylamine-2-sulfonic acid 

4-Amino-l-naphthalenesuronic acid 

4-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfqnic acid, sodium salt 

2-Aminonaphthalene-2,3, 6-trisulfonic acid. 

l-Amino-7-naphthol 

1-Am ino-8-naphthol-4,H-disu!fonic acid 

4- Am ino-5-na ph thol-1 ,7-disn!fonic acid 

l-Amino-8-naphthol-2.4-disulfonic acid, monosodium 

salt. 
l-Amino-8-naphthol-3,fi-disuIfonic acid, monosodium 

salt. 
2-Amino-8-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid, monosodium 

salt. 
4-Amino-5-naphthol-l,3-disulfonic acid, monosodium 

salt. 
5-Amino-4-naphthol-2,7-disulfonic acid, monosodium 

salt. 
6-Amino-4-naphthol-2,7-disulfonic acid, monosodium 

salt. 

2- Amino-f5-naphthol-8-sulfonic acid _ . . 

4- Amino-3-naph thol-1-sulfonic acid 

7- Amino-3-naphthol-l -sulfonic acid 

7-Amino-4-naphthol-2-sulfonic acid 

l-Amino-8-naphthol-4-suIfonic acid, sodium salt 

2-Amino-.5-naphthol-7-sulfonic acid, sodium salt 

2-Amino-8-naphthol-6-sulfonic acid, sodium salt 

4-.'Vmino-5-naphtho!-l-sulfonic acid, sodium salt 

6-Amino-l-naphthol-2-su!.'onic acid, sodium salt 

7-Amino-4-naphthol-2-sulfonic acid, sodium salt 

4- Amino-3-nitroanisole 

4-Amino-4-nitrodiDhenylamine-2-suIfonie acid 

2-Amino-4-nitrotoluene (PNOT) 

2- Aminophcnetole 

l-(m-Aminophenol)-5-oxo-3-pyrazoline-4-carboxylic 

acid. 

Aminophenol sulfamide 

o- Aminophenol-p-sulfonamide 

o-Aminophenol-p-sulfonic acid 

1- (m- Aminophenyl)-3-carboxy-5-pyrazolone 

Amiuophenylphenyl ether 

m- Amiuophenylpyrazolonecarboxylic acid 

p-Aminophenyl-p-tolylaminesulfonic acid 

Amino R acid 

Amino Schaeffers acid 

o- Amino-p-sulfobenzoic acid 

p-Amino-o-sulfodiphenylamine 

6-Amino-3-(p-toluene sulfone)amino-4-methoxy-tol- 

uene. 

3'- Amino-(p-toluenesulfone)ethoxytoluene 

2- Aminotoluene-5-sulfonic acid 

Amino violanthreno 

Aniline-2,5-disulfonic acid 

Aniline hydrochloride and sulfate 

Aniline oil -- 

Aniline omega sulfonic acid, sodium salt 

2-Aniside-4-acetylurea 

o-Aniside-4-acetylurea 

2-Anisidine-4-sulfobutylamide 

2-(p-Anisino)-4-chlorobenzoic acid, potassium salt — 



1 ,9-Anthrath iazole-2-carbony 1 chloride 

p,p'-Azobis(N,N-dimethylaniline hydrochloride) . 

4,4'-Azobisdiphenylamine 

1 ,l'-Azobis(2-naph thol-4-sulfonic acid) 

l,l'-Azobis(8-nitro-2-naphthol-4-sulfonicacid) 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



N-Phenyl-p-phenylenediaJmine. 

5-Amino-2-anilinobenzenesulfonic acid. 
Do. 

Phenoxyaniline. 

8-Amino-l,fi-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (salt). 

2-(p-Amino-N-ethylanilino) ethanol. 

7-Amino-l,3-naphthalcnedisulfonie acid. 

S-Amino-l,3,6-naphthalenetri3ulfonic acid. 

6-AmLno-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
Do. 

7-Am ino-1 ,3,6-naphthalene tr isulfonic acid. 

p-Isobutylaminophenol. 

5-Aminosalip;enin-2-methyl ether. 

o-(4-Amino-2-anisidino)henzenesulfonic acid. 

6-Anilino-2-methoxymetanilicacid. 

6-p-Toluidinometanilic acid. 

Naphthionic acid. 

Naphthionie acid, sodium salt. 

7-Amino-l,3,5-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid. 

8-Amino-2-naphthol . 

8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,5-disulfonicacid. 
Do. 

8-Amino-l-naphthol-5,7-disulfonic acid, mono- 
sodium salt. 

8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid, mono- 
sodium salt. 

7-Aniino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid, mono- 
sodium salt. 

8-Amino-l-naphthol-5,7-disulfonic acid, mono- 
sodium salt. 

8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid, mono- 
sodium salt. 

7-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid, mono- 
sodium salt. 

6-Amino-2-naphthol-4-sulfonicacid. 

l-Amino-2-naphthol-4-sulfonicacid. 

6-Amino-2-naphthol-4-sulfonicacid. 

6-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid, sodium salt. 

8-Amino-!-naphthol-5-sulfonic acid, sodium salt. 

6-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid, sodium salt. 

7-Amino-l-naphthol-3-.sulfonic acid, sodium salt. 

8-.\mino-l-naphthol-.'vsulfonic acid, sodium salt. 

7-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid, sodium salt. 

fi-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid, sodium salt. 

2-Nitro-p-anisidine. 

2-(p-Aminoani!ino)-5-nitrobenzenesulfon!c acid. 

."^-Nitro-o-toluidine (NH2=1). 

o-Phenetidine. 

l-(m-Aminophenyl)-5-pyrazolone-3-carboxylicacid. 

2-Amino-l-phenol-4-sulfonamide. 

Do. 
2-Amino-l-phenol-4-su!fonic acid. 
l-(m-Aminophenyl)-5-pyrazolone-3-carboxylicacid. 
Phenoxyaniline. 

l-(m-Aminophenyl)-5-pyrazolone-3-carboxylicacid. 
6-p-Toluidinometanilic acid. 
3-Amino-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
6-(m-Aminobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
2- Amino-p-sulfobenzoic acid. 
5- A m i no-2-anilinobenzerj esu Ifon ic acid . 
4'-Amino-5'-methyl-p-toluenesulfon-o-aniside. 

.3-Methyl-N-(p-toluenesulfonyl)-p-phenetidine. 

4-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid. 

16-Aminoviolanthrone. 

2-Amino-p-benzenedisulfonic acid. 

Aniline salts. 

Aniline. 

Anilinomethanesulfonic acid, sodium salt. 

l-Acetyl-3-(4-amino-p-anisyl)urea. 

o-Anisidinomethanesulfonic acid. 

3-Amino-N-butyl-p-anisolesulfonamide. 

N-(p-Anisyl)-4-chloroanthranilic acid, potassium 

salt. 
Anthr[l,9]isothiazole-2-carbonyl chloride. 
p-Dimethylaminobenzenediazonium chloride. 
p-Anilinobenzenediazonium chloride. 
5-Naphth [l,2]oxadiazolesulfonic acid. 
7(and8)-Nitronaphth[l,2]oxadiazole-5-sulfonicacid. 



162 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



5,5'-Azobis(salicylic acid). 



Azohydroxyaniline 

Azoxyaniline 

m,m'-AzoxybisaQiline- 



Benzalazine 

Benzal chloride 

Benzaldehydedisulfonic acid 

Benzaldehydemonosulfonic acid. 
"Benzamide" _ 



l-(4-Benzamido-l-anthraquinonyIimino)-5-benzami- 
doanthraquinone . 

Benzanthrone 

Benzanthronedianthraquinonyldi-imide 



Benzedo 

Benzene-l,3-dicarboxylic acid 

Benzenedisulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Benzidine disulfonic acid 

Benzidine sulfonic acid 

Benzonaphthol 

Benzotrichloride 

Benzoy laaetanilide 

1-Benzoy lam ino-4-aminoanthraquinone 

2-Benzoylamino-l ,4-diethoxybenzene 

2-Benzoylamino-l,4-dimethoxybenzene 

5-Benzoylamino-2-nitrodimethoxybenzene 

5-Benzoylamino-2-nitrohydroquinone diethyl ester... 
6-Benzoylamino-3-(p-toluenesulfonamido)-4-meth- 

oxytoluene. 

2-Benzoyl-4-chloro-3-nitrobenzoic acid 

Benzoyl J acid 

Benzylacetamide 

m-Benzy!-p-aminophenol hydrochloride 

Benzyl chloride 

Benzyl cyanide 

N-Bonzyl-N-ethylani!ine 

N-Benzy l-N-cthyl-p-nitrosoaniline 

o-Benzylhydroxybenzoic acid, calcium salt 

Bibcnzoyl 

p,p'-Bis(acetoacetanilide) 

N,N'-Bis(aretoacetyl)benzidine 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)aniline 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl-m-toluidine) .. 

4,4,'-Bis[2-(N-methyl-o-anisyldiazoamino)ethanesul 

fonic acid]. 

N,N'-Bis-fi-(l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid) urea 

Brilliant yellow (C. 1.364) _. 



Broenner's acid 

Bromainine acid 

p-Bromoacetamidoanthraquinone 

Bromohenzanthrone 

p-Bromomethylaminoanthraquinone.. 
4-Bromo-N-methyl-l, 9-anthrapyridone_ 



p-Carboxybenzenesulfonamlde. . 
3-Carboxy-l-hydroxyacetanilide- 

Cassellaaeid (C-acid) 

Chicago acid 



Chlorinated cresols 

2-Chloro-3-acetaminoanthraquinone 

2-Chloro-3-acetamino-9,10-anthrahydroquuione-disul- 

fonic acid ester. 
2-C]oro-3-acetamino-9,10-dihydroxyanthracene-9,10- 

disulfonic acid ester. 

5-Chloro-2-amino anisole 

4-Chloro-2-amino-6-benzenesulfonic acid 

2-Ohloro-5-amino benzoic acid 

6-Chloro-3-aminobenzotrifluoride 

Chloroaminophenol..' 

2-Chloro-4-aminotoluene 

4-Chloro-2-aminotoluene 

5-Chloro-2-aminotoluene 

6-Chloro-2-aminotoluene 

o-Chloroanilinesulfonic acid 

p-Chloroaniline-o-sulfonic acid 



3-Carboxy-2(and 4)-hydroxybenzenediazonium sul- 
fate. 
p-(p-Aminophenylazo) phenol. 
m,m'-Azoxydianiline. 
Do. 

Dibenzylidenehydrazine. 
a,a-Dichlorotoluene. 
4-Formyl-m-benzenedisulfonic acid. 
o-Formylbenzenesulfonic acid. 
3-(l-Anthraquinonylamino)-7-benzrde]anthracen-7- 

one. 
4,5'-Dibenzamido-l,l'-iminodianthraqutnone. 

7-Benz[de]anthracen-7-one. 
3,9-Bis(l-anthraquinonylamino)-7-benz[de]anthra- 

cen-7-one. 
Sahgenin benzoate, calcium salt. 
Isophthalic acid. 

m-Benzenedisulfonic acid, sodium salt. 
4,4'-Diamino-3,3'-biphenyldisulfonic acid. 
2-Amiao-5-(p-aminophenyl) benzene. 
Reported as a medicinal. 
a-Trichlorotoluene. 
a-Benzoylacetanihde . 
l-Amino-4-benzamidoanthraquinone. 
2',5'-Diethoxybenzanilide. 
2' ,5'-Dimethoxybenzanilide. 
2',5'-Dimethoxy-4-nitrobenzanilide. 
2',5'-Diethoxy-4'-nitrobenzanilide. 
6-Benzamido-4-methoxy-3-(p-toluenesuIfona- 

mido)toluene. 
o-(4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzoyl) benzoic acid. 
6-Benzamido-l-naphlhol-3-sulfonic acid. 
Hydrocinnamamide. 

4-Amino-a-phenyI-m-cresol hydrochloride. 
a-Chlorotoluene. 
a-Tolunitrile. 

N-Ethyl-N-phenylbenzylamine. 
N-Ethyl-N-(p-nitrosophenyD benzylamine. 
Salisenin benzoate, calcium salt. 
Benzil. 
p,p'-Biacetoacetanilide. 

Do. 
2,2'-Phenyliminodiethanol. 
2,2'-m-(Tolylimino)diethanol. 
3,3'-Dimethoxy-4,4'-biphenylbis(3-methyl-3-tria- 

zeneethanesulfonic acid) 
6.6'-Ureylencbis(l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid). 
4,4' - Bis (p - hydroxylpheny lazo) - 2,2' - stilbenedisul- 

fonic acid, disodhim salt. 
6-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
l-Amino-4-bromo-2-anthraquinonesulfonic acid. 
l--A.cetamido-4-bromoanthraquinone. 
3-Bromo-7-benz[de]anthraoen-7-one. 
4-Bromo-l-metliylaminoanthraquinone. 
G-Bromo-3-methyl-7-dibenz [f,i,i]isoquinoline-2,7-(3)- 

dione. 

p-Sulfamylbenzoic acid. 

5-Acef,amidosalicylic acid. 

3-Amino-l, 5-naphthalencdisulfonic acid. 

8--\mino-l-naphtho!-5,7-disulfonic acid, mono- 
sodium salt. 

Cresols, chlorinated. 

2-Acetamido-3-chloroanthraquinone. 

2-Acetamido-3-chloro-9, lO-dihydro-9, 10-an thradiol- 
9,10-disulfonic acid, diethyl ester. 
Do. 

4-Chloro-o-anisidine (NH2=1). 

5-Chlorometanilic acid. 

3-Amino-6-chlorobenzoic acid. 

6-Chloro-a-trifluoro-m-toluidine. 

2-Amino-4-chlorophenol. 

3-Chloro-p-toluidine. 

5-Chloro-o-toluidine. 

4-C hloro-o-toluid ine. 

3-Chloro-o-toluidine. 

2-Amino-6-chlorobenzenesulfonic acid. 

2-Amino-5-chlorobenzenesulfonic acid. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 163 

Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



5-Chloro-anisidme (0CH3=1)- 
Chloroanisidine methylene 



2-C hloro-3-ant hracenecarbox ylic acid 

5-ChloroaiUhratiilic acid 

2-Chloroaiitlnaquinone-3-carboxylic acid 

4-Chlorobenzaldehydc-2-sulfonic acid 

l-Chloro-5-benzaniideanthraquinone 

Chlorobenzanthrone 

4 Chlorobenzotrifluoride 

1-C hloro-2-caiboxyanthraqiiinone 

p-Chloro-m-cresol 

2-Chloro-l,4-dihydroxyanthraquiQone 

Chloro H acid 

Chlorohydroxyquinoline 

o-Chlorometanilic acid - 

4-Chloro-2-mcthoxy aniline (0CH3=1) 

3-Chloro-3'-methoxy-6-diphenylaminecarboxylic acid, 

potassium salt. 
3 - Chloro - 4' - methoxy - 6 - diphenylaminecarboxylic 

acid, pjtassiiim salt. 
(4-Chloro-2-methoxy-N-methylphenyl- 

diazoamiiio) acetic acid. 

Chloromethylanthraquinone 

(5-Chloro-Nr-methyl-o-tolyldiazoamino)aceticacid — 

o-Chloro-p-nitroaniline 

p-Chloro-o-nitroaniline. 

4-C hloro-3-nitrobenzotrLfluoride 

2-Chlorophenol 

4-C hlorophenol 

2-(m-Chlorophenyldiazoamino)-4-sulfobenzoic acid. . . 

Chlorophenylhydrazine-p-sulfonic acid 

2-Chloro-o-phenyl phenol 

l-(2-Chloro-4-sulfophenyl)-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone 

2-Chloroterephthalylbenzoic acid 

o-Chloro-p-toluene sodium sulfonate 

4-Chlorotolueue-2-su]foaic acid 

m-Chlorotoluenethioglyeolicacid 

5-Chloro-2-toluidine 

o-Chloro-m-toluidine-p-sulfonic acid 

2-Chloro-4-toluidine-5-sulfonic acid 

Chlorotolylthioglyeolic acid 

Chloro-sym-xylenol 

Chloroxylidenesulfonic acid 

Chromotropic acid 

1,6-Cleve's acid 

1,7-Cleve's acid 

Cleve's acid (mixed) _ 

Cresidine 

m-Cresol methyl ether 

m-Cresolsulfonic acid 

o-Cresotic acid 

o-Cresotinic acid 

Cresylglycol 

Cumidine 

Cyanoacetyl coumarone 



Dahl's acid III 

Dahl's acid 

Dehydrothio-p-toluidine 

Dehydrothio-p-toluidiuesulfonic aeid_ 



Desoxyanisoin 

Developer Z 

m- D iaminoanisole 

3,3'- Diaminoazo.xybenzene 

Diaraino-l , l-dianthraquinone imine 

4,4'-Diamino-l,l'-dianthraquinonylamine 

4,4'-Diamino-l,l'-dianthrimide 

Diaminodibenzanthronyl 

D iamino-4 , .5-di benzoyl- i , 1 '-dianthraquiaonylamine . 
Diamino-4,4'-dibenzoyl-l,r-dianthraquinoneimine . . 

l,4-Diamiiio-2.3-dihydroanthraquinone 

3,6-Diamino-2,7-dimethylacridine hydrochloride 

4,4'-Diamino-2,2'-dimethyldiphenylmethane 

p,p-Diaminodiphenylmethane 

p,p'-Diaminodiphenylsulfide 

3,3-Diaminodiphenyi urea 

Di (p-aminophenyl) sulfide 

l,3-Di(m-aminophenyl)urea 

2,6-Diaminotoluene-4-sulfonic acid 



4-Chloro-o-anisidine (NH2=1). 

N, N'-Methylenebis[X-p-(5-chloro-o-anisylazo)- 

phenyl glycine] disodium salt. 
3-Chloro-2-anthracenecarboxylic acid. 
3-Amino-6-chlorobenzoic acid. 
3-Chloro-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid. 
5-Chloro-2-formylbenzenesulfonic acid. 
l-Benzamido-5-chloroanthraquinone. 
Chloro- 7-benz[de] anthracen-7-one. 
4-Chloro-a-trifluorotolucne. 
l-Chloro-2-anthraquuionecarboxylic acid. 
6-Chloro-m-cresol. 
2- C hloroquinizarin . 

8-Chloro-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 
5-Chloro-8-hydroxyquinoline. 
4-Chlorometanilic acid. 
4-Chloro-o-anisidine (NH3=1). 
N-(m-Anisyl)-4-chloroanthranilic acid, potassium 

salt. 
N-(p-Anisyl)-4-chloroanthranilic acid, potassium 

salt. 
l-(4-Chloro-o-anisyl)-3-methyl-3-triazeneaceticacid. 

l-Chloro-2-methylanthraquinone. 

l-(5-Chloro-o-tolyl)-3-methyl-3-triazeneacetic acid. 

2-Chloro-4-nitroaniline. 

4-Chloro-2-nitroanili'ie. 

4-Chloro-a-trifluoro-3-Ditrotoluene. 

o-C hlorophenol. 

p-C hlorophenol. 

2-fl-(m-Chlorophenyl) triazenoJ-4-sulfobenzoic acid. 

4-Chloro-3-hydrazinobenzeuesulfonic acid. 

2-Chloro-6-phenylphenol. 

l-(6-Chloro-3-sulfophenyl)-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone. 

2-Chloroterephthaloylbis-o-benzoic acid. 

3-Chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid, sodium salt. 

5-Chloro-o-toluenesulfonic acid. 

4-Chloro-o-tolylmercaptoaceticacid. 

5-Chloro-o-toluidine. 

2-Amino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonie acid. 

6-Amino-4-chloro-m-toluenesulfonic acid. 

4-Chloro-o-tolylmercaptoacetic acid. 

4-Chloro-3,5-xylenol. 

6-Amino-3-chloro-2,5-xylenesulfonic acid. 

4,5-Dihydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

5-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

8-Amino-2-naphthaIenesulfonic acid. 

5(and 8)-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

5-Methyl-o-anisidine. 

m-Methylanisole. 

5-Hydroxy-m-toluenesulfonic acid. 

2,3-Cresotic acid. 

Do. 
2-(o-Toloxy)ethanol. 
Pseudocumidine. 
2-Benzofuryl cyanomethyl ketone. 

4-.'\.mino-l,6-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
6-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
2-(p-Aminophenyl)-6-methylbenzothiazole. 
2-(4-Amino-3-sulfophenyl)-6-methylbenzothiazole 

sulfonic acid. 
a-(p-Anisyl)p-methoxyacetophenone. 
3-Methyl-l-phenyl-5-pyrazolone. 
5-Methoxy-m-phenylenediamine. 
m.m'-Azoxydianiline. 
l,l'-Iminodi-4-aminoanthraquinone. 

Do. 

Do. 
Diamino-3,3'-bi(7-benz[de]anthracen-7-one). 
4,5'-Dibenzamido-l,r-aminodiinthraquinone. 
l,l'-Iminobis(4-benzamidoanthraquinone). 
Acetate leuco violet. 
Acridine yellow. 
4,4'-Methylenebis(m-toluidine). 
p,p'-Methyleaedianiline. 
p,p'-Thiodianiline. 
m,m'-Diaminocarbanilide. 
p,p'-Thiodianiline. 
m.m'-Diaminocarbanilide. 
3,5-Diamino-p-toluenesulfonic acid. 



164 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Common name 



Diamylpheno] 

o- Dianisidine _. 

Di(o-anisyldiazo)methylenebisCiminoaoetic acid) 

Di(o-anisyldiazo)methylenebis(iminopropionic acid) 

o;,j8-Dianisylglycol 

Diantliraquinone amino benzanthrone 

l.T-Dianthrarjuinoneimine 

l,l'-Dianthraquinonylaraine 

1, 1'-DianthraQuinylaniine 

Diantiirimide 

Diazoaminobenzene 

l-Diazo-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid 

Diazosalicyclic acid 

Dibenzanthrone 

2.2- Dibenzanthronyl 

13,13-DibenzanthronyI 

4,5-Dibenzoylamidodiantiiraquinonylamine 

4-4'-Dibenzoyldiamino-l,r-dianthrimide _ _ 

Dibenzyl 

Dibenzyl ether_ _ _ _ 

Dibenzyl sodium sulfanilate 

Dibenzylaniline 

•s-Di(o-biphenyl) thiourea 

Dibromoam inoanthraquinone 

Dibromobenzan throne. 

p-Dibromodihydroxynaphtlialene 

4,5-Dibromo-l,8-dihydroxynaphthalene-- - 

Dibrorno-8, 16-pyranthrenedione 

1 ,4- Dichloroaniline 

■2,5-Dichloroaniline-4-sulfonic acid 

Dichloroanisyldiazodi-iminodiacetic acid 

Di (5- chloro- 0- anisyldiazo)methylenebis(iminoacetic 

acid). 

l,5-DichIoro-4,8-anthraquinonedisulfonic acid 

1 ,8- Dichloro-4,5-anthraquinonedisulf onic acid 

2,6-nichlorobenzal chloride.-. 

2,fi- Dichlorobenzylidine chloride 

o,o'-Dichlorobenzidine __ 

m,m'-Dichlorobenzidine hydrochloride 

2,4- Dichlorobenzyl chloride 

2,4-Dichlorobenzylidene chloride 

2,6-Dichlorobenzylidene chloride 

Di(4-chloro-2-diazotoluene)methylenebis(iminopro- 

Dionic acid). 
Di(4-chloro-2-diazotoluol)methylenebis(iminoacetic 

acid). 
2-(2,5-Dichloro-N-ethylphenyldiazoamino)-5-sulfo- 

benzoic acid. 

Dichlorohydroxybenzoylbenzoic acid 

2,5-Dichlorophenylhydrazinesulfonic acid 

Dichloropyrazolone 

Di(5-ehloro-o-tolyldiazo)methylenebls(iminoacetic 

acid). 
Di(.5-chloro-o-tolyldiazo)methylenebis(iminopropionic 

acid). 

Dicresyldisulflde 

Diethanol aniline 

Diethanol-m-toluidine 

1 ,4- Diethoxybenzene 

N-('2,5-Diethoxy-4-nitrophenyl)benzamide 

N-(2,4-Diethoxyphenyl) benzamide 

p-Diethy laminobenzalaniline-o-sulfonic acid 

Diethylaniline-m-sulfonic acid 

Diformyl-m-tolylenediamine 

2.3- Dihydro-1 ,4-dianii,-ioanthraquinone _ _ _ 

1 ,4-Dihydroxyanthraquinone 

1 ,5-Dihydroxyanthraquinone 

1,8-Dihydroxyanthra<iuinone 

2,6-Dihydroxyanthraquinone 

Dihydroxydibenzanthrone 

5,5'-Dihydroxydi-2-naphthylamine-7,7'-disulfonic acid 

p,p'-Dihydroxydiphenyldimethylmethane_ 

l,5-Dihydroxy-4,8-dinitroanthraquinone 

4,4'-Dihydro.xydiDhenylsulfone . 

5,5'-Dihydroxy-7,7'-disulfonic-2,2'-dinaphthylamine.. 
Dihydroxyethylaniline 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



2,4-Di-tert-amylphenol. 
3,3'-Dimethoxybenzidine. 

3,3'-Methylenebisd-o-anisyl-3-triazeneacetic acid). 
3,3'-Methylenebis(l-o-anisyl-3-triazenemethylacetic 

acid). 
l,2-Di-p-anisyl-l,2-ethanediol. 
3,9-Bis(l-Anthraquinonylamino)-7-beaz[dc]anthra- 

cen-7-one. 
l.l'-Iminodianthraquinone. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 
1 ,3-DiDhenyltriazine. 
5-Naphth[l,2]oxadiazosulfonic acid. 
3-Carboxy-2(and 4)-hydroxybenzenediazonium sul- 
fate. 
Violanthrene. 

(4,4'-Bi-7-benz[de]anthracen)-7,7'-dione. 
(3,3'-Bi-7-benz[de]anthracen)-7,7'-dione. 
4,5'-D!benzamido-l,r-aminodianthraquinone. 
l,l'-Iminobis(4-bonzamidoanthraquinone). 
Bibenzyl. 
Benzyl ether. 

N,N-Dibenzylsulfanilic acid, sodium salt. 
N-Phenyldibenzylamine. 
13-Difo-biphonyD thiourea. 
l-Aminn-2,4-dibromoanthraquinone. 
3,9-Dibromo-7-benz(de)anthracen-7-one. 
4.5-Dibromo-l,8-naphthaIencdiol. 

Do. 
Dibromopyran throne. 
2,.'i-Dichloroaniline. 
2,5-Dichlorosulfanilic acid. 

3,3'-Methylenebis[l-(5-chloro-o-anisyI)-3-triazpneac- 
etic acid]. 

Do. 

4,8-Dichloro-l,5-anthraquinonedisulfonic acid. 
4,5-Dichloro-l,8-anthraquLnonedisulfonic acid. 
a,a,2,fi-Tetrachlorotoluene. 

Do. 
3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine. 
2,2'-Dichlorobenzidine hydrochloride. 
a,2,4-Trichlorotolueno. 
a,a,2,4-Totrachlorotoluenp. 
a,a,2,()-Tetrachlorotoluene. 
3,3'-Methylenebisfl-(5-chloro-o-tolyl)-3-triazene- 

methylacetic acid]. 
3,3'-Methylcnebis[l-(4-chloro-o-tolyl)-3-tria-zene 

acetic acid]. 
2-[l-(2,5-Dichlorophenyl)-3-ethyl-3-triazene]-5-sulfo- 

benzoic acid, 
o- (3,5- Dichlorosalicyloyl) benzoic acid . 
2,5-DichIorohydrazinobenzenesuIfonic acid. 
l-(2,5-Dichlorophcnyl)-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone. 
3,3'-Methylenebis[l-(4-chloro-o-tolyl)-3-triazeneace- 

tic acidl. 
3,3'-Methylenebis[l-(.5-chloro-o-tolyl)-3-triazene- 

methylacetic acid]. 
Cresyl disulfide. 
2,2'-Phenylirninodiethanol. 
2,2'-(m-Tolylimino)diethanol. 
p-Diethoxy benzene. 
2',5'-Diethoxy-4'-nitrobenzanilide. 
2',5'-Diethoxybenzanilide. 
N-(p-Diethyiaminobenzylidene)aniline-o-sulfonic 

acid. 
N,N-Diethylmetanilic acid. 
N,N'-Diformyl-2,5-toluenediamine. 
1,4-Diaminohystazarin. 
Quinizarin. 
Anthrarufin. 
Chrysazin. 
Anthraflavic acid. 
16,17-Dihydroxyviolanthrone. 
6,6'-Iminobis(l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid). 
p,p'-Isopropylidenediphenol. 
4,8-Dinitroanthrarufin. 
p,p'-Sulfonyldiphenol. 
6,6'-Iminobis(l-naphthol-3-sulfonicacid). 
2,2'-Phenyliminodiethanol. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 165 

Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonytnous names — Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



Dihydroxyethyl-3-toluidiue 

1 ,5-Dihydroxynaphthalene 

2,3-Dihydroxy naphthalene 

1 ,8-Dihydroxy napht halene-3,6-disulfonic acid 

l,8-Riliydroxynaphtha!ene-fi-sulfonic acid 

2,3- Dihydroxy napht halene-6-sulfonic acid 

Dimethanil-4-sodliim sulfonate 

3,4-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde 

4,4'-Dimethoxy benzoin 

Di(methoxy-2-diazo-4-chlorobenz&yl)methylenebis- 

(iminoacetic acid). 
Dimethoxydiazodiphenylmethylenebis(iminoacetic 

acid). 
Dimethoxydiazodiphe nylmethylenebis(imino- 

propionic acid). 
2,2'-(3,3'-Dimethoxy-N,N'-dimethyl-4,4'-biphenylbis- 

dia7,oamino)dipthane.sulfonic acid. 

Di-p-met hoxyethylchalcone 

N- (2, 5-Dimethoxy-4-nitro phenyl) benzamide 

N- (2,5- Dimethoxy phenyl) benzamide 

2,4-Di(p-methoxyphenyl)-3-ethylhexane 

3, 4-Di (p-methoxy phenyl^ hexane 

2,4-Di(p-methoxyphenyl)-3-ethylhexene 

Dimethylaminoacetylcatechol 

N.N'-DimethyM-aminophenoL 

2,4-Dimethylbenzenesulfonanilide 

2,4-D imethyl-6-tert-buty lacet ophenone 

1 ,3-Dimet hyl-5-tert-butylbenzene 

2,7-Dimethylcooroxanol 

Dimethyldianthraquinonyl 

2,2'-Dimethyl-l,l-dianthraquinonylamine 

2,7-Dimethylfluorane 

Dimethyl gamma acid 

Dimethylhydroresorcinol 

Dimethyl-a-naphthylamine 

2,7-Dimethylquinoline 

Dinaphtholl,2,3-cd, 3',2',r-l]m-perylene-5,10-dione... 

1 ,4-D initrobenzene _ 

1,3-Dinitrobenzene 

2,4- Dinitrobenzene 

Dinitrochlorohenzene, _. 

Dinitrochlorobenzenesulfonic acid 

3,5-Dinitro-4-chlorobenzoic acid 

2,6-Dinitro-4-ehlorophenol 

Dinitro-o-cyclohexy Iphenol, . _ 

Dinitro-1 , 1 '-diant hraquinoneimine 

4,4'-Dinitro-l.r-dianthraquinonylamine 

4,4'-Dinitro-l ,r-di<uithrimide. _ 

Dinitrohy droxydiphenylamine 

Dinitrotetramethyldiaminodiphenylmethane 

2,4-Dinitrotoluenesulfonic acid 

1 ,5-Dio.\amidoanthraquinone 

1 ,5-Dioxaminoanthraquinone- 

Dioxy S acid _ 

Diphenyl . . 

2,4-Diphenylamine-l-hydroxyanthraquinone 

2.4-Diphenylamine-l-oxy3nt hraquinone.-. 

Dipheny Icarbazide 

Diphenylene oxide_ 

Diphenyl epsilon acid 

Diphenyl ether 

Diphenyl met hanol 

Diphenyl oxide 

Dipyrazoledianthrone. 

Distilbenediphenol 

1 ,3-Di-p-toluidineanthraquinone 

1 ,4-Di-p-toluidineanthraquinone 

1 ,3-Di(p-tolylamino)anthraquinone 

1 ,4-Di-p-tolylaminoantliraquinone 

s-Di.xenyl thiourea 

Epsilon acid 

Ethane base 

X-Ethanol-X-ethyl-4-nitrosoaniline 

2-Ethanolpyridine- 

2-Ethoxyaniline _ - 

4-Ethoxyaniline 

6-Ethoxy-3-hydroxythionaphthalene 



2,2'-(m-Tolylimino)diethanol. 

1,5-Naphthalenediol. 

2,3-Naphthalenediol. 

4,5-Dihydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisuIfonicacid. 

4,5-Dihydroxy-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

6,7-Dihydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

Isopropylideneaminobenzeuesulfonic acid, sodium 

salt. 
o-Veratraldehyde. 
Anisoin. 
3,3'- Methylenebis[l - (5-chloro-o-anisyl) - 3-tria- 

zeneaceticacidl. 
3,3'-Methylenebis(l-o-anisyl-3-triazeneacetic acid). 

3,3' - Methylenebis(l - o - anisyl - 3 - trlazenemethyl- 

acetic acid). 
3,3' - Dimethoxy - 4,4' - biphenylbis(3 - methyl.3 - tri- 

azene-ethanesulfonic acid). 
a-Ethyl-4, 4'-dimethoxychalcone. 
2',5'-Dimetho.xy-4-nitrobenzanilide. 
2',5'-Dimethoxybenzanilide. 
2,4-Di(p-anisyl)-3-ethylhexane. 
3,4-Di(p-anisyl)hexane. 
2,4-Di(p-anisyl)-3-ethylhexene. 
3,4-Dihydroxy-a-dimethylaminoacetophenone. 
m-Dimethylaminophenol. 
p-Toluenesulfono-o-toluide. 
6-tert-Butyl-2,4-dimethylacetophenone. 
5-tert-Butyl-m-xvlene. 

2,8-Dimethyl-13/3-hydroxy-9(13^)-ceroxenone. 
2,2'-Dimethyl-l, I'-bianthraquinone. 
l,l-Iminobis(2-methylanthraquinone). 
2',7'-Dimethylfluoran. 

N,N-Dimethyl-7-amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
Dimethyl-1, 3-cyclohexanedione. 
N,N-Dimethyl-l-naphthylamine. 
m-Toluquinaldine. 
Violanthrene. 
p-Dinitrobenzene. 
m-Dinitrobenzene. 

Do. 
l-Chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene. 
4-Chloro-3,5-dinitrobenzenesulfonic acid. 
4-Chloro-3,5-dinitrobenzoic acid. 
4-Chloro-2,6-dinitrophenol. 
2-Cyclohexyl-4,6-(iinitrophenol. 
1, l'-Iminodi-4-nitroanthraquinone. 

Do. 

Do. 
p-(2,4-Dinitroanilino) phenol. 
p,p'-Methylenebis(N,N-dimethyl-ar-mtroaniline). 
3,5-Dinitro-o-toluenesulfonic acid. 
N,N'-(1,5-Anthrdquinoue)dioxamic acid. 

Do. 
4,5-Dihydroxy-l-naphthalenesulfonicacid. 
Biphenyl. 
2,4-Dianilino-l-hydroxyanthraquinone. 

Do. 
1,5-Diphenylcarbohydrazide. 
Dibenzofuran. 

8-Diphenylamino-l,6-naphthaIenedisulfonic acid. 
Phenyl ether. 
Benzohydrol. 
Phenyl ether. 
Pyrazole anthrone yellow. 
4,4'-Bis(p-hydroxylphenylazo)-2,2'-stilbenedisul- 

fonic acid, disodium salt. 
1,3-Di-p-toluidinoanthraquinone. 
1,4-Di-p-toluidiaoanthraquinone. 
1 ,3- Di-p-toluidinoanthraquinone. 
1,4-Di-p-toluidinoanthraquinone. 
l,3-Bis(4-biphenylyl)-2-thiourea. 

l-NaphthoM.S-disulfonic acid. 

p,p'-Methylenebis(N,N-diethylaniline). 

2-(N-Ethyl-4-nitrosoanilino)ethanol. 

2-Pyridine-ethanol. 

o-Phenetidine. 

p-Phenetidine. 

6-Ethoxy-3-hydroxythianaphthene. 



166 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Common name 



2-Ethoxy-6-su]fonaphthalene 

Ethyl-p-aminobenzoate 

Ethyl-o-amino-p-cresol.. ". 

Ethylaniline (mono) _. . " "' 

N,N-Ethylbenzylaiiiline 

Ethylbonzylanilinesulfonic acid 

Ethylbenzyl-m-toluidine 

Ethylbenzyl-m-toluidinesuifonicacid. ./... 

Ethyleneglycol monophenylether. 

Ethylhydrol .'.[.'. I 

Ethyl ketone base 

2-(N-Ethyl-2-methoxy-5-nitrophenyldiazoamino)-5- 
sulfon. 

2-(N-Ethyl)-5-nitro-o-anisyldiazoamino-5-sulfoben- 
zoic acid. 

Ethyl p-nitrobenzoylacetate 

Ethyl phenylacetate '"/ 

Ethyl salicyl carbonate 

Ethylsulfobenzylaniline 

N-Ethyl-o-toluidine-p-sulfonicacid ". 

Fast red TR base 

p-Formylaniline 

p-Formyl-N,Nr-diethylaniline 

Freimd's acid 



Gsalt- 

Gamma acid 

Gamma disulfo acid. 



Glycerolmonoethylaniline. 
H acid 



Haloerin 

Hexahydrobenzoic acid "' 

Hydroquinone dimethyl ether 

Hydrol .1''/ 

o-Hydroxybenzyl benzoate, calcium salt. 

4-Hydroxydiphenyl 

(3-Hydroxyethyl-o-chloro3niline 

Hydroxyethylethylaniline 

Hydroxyethylmethylaniline... 

Hydroxyethyl-3-toluidine 

2-Hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde- . . 

2-Hydroxy-5-nitroacetanilide 

p-Hydroxyphenyl-n-butylamine 

I acid imide 

I acid (salt) 

Indophenol blue "._. 



Isodibenzanthrone 

Isopropylbenzene 

Isopropyl p-toluenesuifonate. 



J acid imide. 
J acid (salt) . 
J acid urea. . 



K acid 

Koch acid. 



Lake red C amine 

Laurent's acid 

Lead styphnate '.' 

Lead trinitroresorcinate 

Leuco-l,4-di(methvlamino)anthraquinone 
Leucoindophenol BCFN 



Methadrone.- 

Methane base ll"[[llllll[[\[l 

o-Methoxyacetaniii'de ."""III. 

p-Methoxyacetanilide 

4-Methoxy-4'-aminodiphenylamine... 

2-Methoxy-4-aminodiphenylamine-2-sulfonicacid 

4-Methoxy-3'-chloro-6'-carboxydiphenylamine, potas- 
sium salt. 

2-Methoxy-6,9-dichloroacridine 

4'-Methoxy-4-nitrodiphenylamine-2'-su]fonieacid 

Methoxy omega sulfonic acid 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



6-Ethoxy-2-naphthalcnesulfonic acid. 
p-Aminobenzoic acid, ethyl ester. 
3-Ethylamino-p-cresol. 
N-Ethylaniline. 

N-Ethyl-X-phenylbenzylamine. 
a-(N-Ethylanilino)-p-to"luenesulfonic acid. 
N-Benzyl-N-ethyl-m-toluidine. 
4- (N-Benzyl-N'-ethylamino) -o-toluenesulfonic acid . 
2-Phenoxyethanol. 
p,p'-Bis(diethylamino)benzohydrol. 
p,p'-Bis(diethylamino)benzophenone. 
2-[.3-Ethyl-l-(5-nitro-o-anisyl)-3-triazene]-5-sulfo- 
benzoic acid. 
Do. 

p-Nitrobenzoylacetic acid, ethyl ester. 
Reported as a flavor and perfume material. 
o.o'-Carbonyldioxydibenzoic acid, diethyl ester. 
a-(N-Ethylanilino)-p-toluenesulfonic acid. 
3-Ethylamino-p-toluenesulfonicacid. 

5-Chloro-o-toluidine. 
p-Aminobenzaldehyde. 
p-Diethylaminobenzaledehyde. 
5-Amino-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid, sodium 

salt. 
2-Naphthol-6,8-disulfonic acid. 
7-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid, sodium salt. 
7-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid, monoso- 

dium salt. 
3-(N-E thylanilino) -1 , 2- propanediol. 

8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid, monoso- 

dium salt. 
6,9-Dichloro-2-methoxyaeridine. 
Cyclohe.xanecarboxylic acid. 
p-Dimethoxybenzene. 
p,p'-Bis(dimethylamino)benzohydrol. 
Salisenin benzoate, calcium salt. 
4-Phonylphenol and salts. 
2-(Chloroanilino)ethanol. 
2-(N-Ethylanilino)ethanol. 
2-(N-Methylanilino)ethanol. 
2-(m-Toluidino)ethanol. 
o-Vanillin. 

2-Acetamido-4-nitrophenol. 
p-Amino-N-(n-butyl)-phenoI. 

6,6'-Iminobis(l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid). 
6-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid, sodium salt. 
N-(p-Dimethylamuiophenyl)-l,4-naphthoquinoni- 

mine. 
Isoviolanthrone. 
Cumene. 
p-Toluenesulfonic acid, isopropyl ester. 

6,6'-Iminobis(l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid). 
6-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid, sodium salt. 
6,6'-Ureylenebis ( l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid) . 

8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,5-disulfonicacid. 
8-Amino-l,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid. 

2-Amino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid. 
5-Amino-l-naphthaIenesulfonic acid. 
Styphnic acid, lead salt. 

Do. 
l,4-Dimethylamino-9,10-anthradiol. 
4-(p-Dimethylaminoauilino)-l-naphthol. 

3,4-Dihydroxy-a-dimethylaminoacetophenoue. 

p,p'-Methylenebis(N,X-diethylaniline). 

o-Acetaniside. 

p-Acetaniside. 

N-(p-Anisyl)-p-phenylenediamine. 

o-(4-Amiiio-2-anisidino)benzenesulfonic acid. 

N-(p-.\nisyl)-4-chloroanthranilic acid and salts, 

6,9-Dichloro-2-methoxyacridine. 
2-p-Anisidino-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid. 
o-Anisidinomethane sulfonic acid. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1948 167 

Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



4-Methyl-4-aminodiphenylamme-2-sulfonic acid 

Methylaminosulfobenzoie acid 

Mothylaniline(iuoiio) 

N-Methylaiithrajiyridine 

2-Methylbeiizauthrone 

2'-Methyl-3-benzidinesulfonic acid _. 

MethylenebislN-p-(o-chloro-o-anisylazophenyl)iniino- 

acetic acid], disodium salt. 
Methylene - (N , N'- bis - 4 - chloro - 1 - methoxy - 2 - azo- 

phenyl-di-iminodisodium acetate). 

Methylencbis-(methylamLaoantipyrine)- 

Methyl-p-hydroxy,-m-nitrobenzoate 

2-I\lethyl-5-nitroanLline 

Methy lenebis(toluenediamine) 

2-(N-Methyl-4-nitro-o-tolyldiazoamino)-5-sulfobenzoic 

acid. 

Methylphenylpyrazolone-3-sulfonic acid 

Methylphenylpyrazolone-4-sulfonic acid 

2-Methylquinoline 

Methyl-p-toluenesulfonate 

/S-Methyluinbelliferone- _ 

Michler's hydrol 

Michler's ketone 

Mixed cresols, pure 

Mixed cresols 

Mixed cresols, refined 

Monobromobenzene 

Monochlorobenzene 

Naphthalene sodium sulfonates 

Naph t ha!ene-^-thioglycolic acid 

o-Naphthionic acid 

a-Naphthol 

/3-Xaphthol 

l-Naphthol-8-chloro-3,6-disuironic acid 

2-Naphthol ethyl ether 

/3-Naphtholthioindoxyl 

Naphthosulfochloride 

1 ,S-Naphthosultono-3,6-disulfonic acid 

a-N'aphthylamine 

/3-Naphthylamine 

1-Naph thylamine-4,7-disulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-3,8-disulfonic acid 

1-Naphthy lamine-4,8-disulf onic acid 

2-Naph thylamine-1 ,5-disulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylaminc-3,6-disulfonic acid 

2-Naph thylamine-1, 8-disulfonic acid 

2-Napht hylamine-5,7-disulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-6,8-disulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-3,8-disulfonic acid, monosodium 

salt. 
l-Naphthylamine-3,6-disulfonic acid, sodium salt 

l-Naphthylamine-2-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-3-sulfonic acid 

l-Xaphthylamine-4-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-5-sulfonic acid 

1-Naphthy lamine-G-sulfonic acid 

l-N'aphthylamine-6 and 7-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-7 -sulfonic acid 

1-Naphthy lamine-8-sulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-l-sulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-5-sulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-6-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-4'SUlfonie acid, sodium salt 

2-Naphthylamine-8-sulfonic acid, sodium salt 

l-Naphthylamine-3,6,8-trisulfonic acid 

•.^-Naphthy lamine-3,6,8-trisulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamino-2-carboxylic acid anthraquinone. . . 

a-Naphthyl isocyanate 

2-Naphthylmercaptoacetic acid 

Nevile and Winther's acid 

3-Nitro-4-aminoanisole 

4-Nitro-2-aminoanisole 

5-Nitro-2-aminoanisole 

5-Nitro-o-aminophenol 

o-Nitro-p-aminophenol 

p-Nitro-o-aminophenol-_ 

4-N itro-2-aminophenol-6-sulfonic acidL 

6-Nitro-2-aminophenol-4-sulfonic acid 



6-p-Toluidinometanilie acid. 
N-Mcthyl-5-sulfoanthranilicacid. 
N-Methylaniliiie. 
N-Methyhiaphtho[2,3-h]quinoliiie. 
2-Melliyl-7-benz[de]anthracen-7-one. 
5-Amino-2-(4-amino-m-toluino)benzenesulfonicacid. 
N, N' - Methylenebis (N - p - (5 - chloro - o - anisylazo ) 
phenyl-glycine], disodium salt. 
Do. 

N ,N'-Methylenebis (4-methylaminoantipyrine) . 
p-Hydroxy-m-nitrobenzoic acidj methyl ester. 
5-Nitro-o-toluidine (NH2=1;. 
5,5'-Methylenebis-2,4-toluenediamine. 
2-|3-Methyl-l-(l-nitro-o-tolyl)-3-triazene]-5-sulfo- 

benzoic acid. 
3-Methyl-l-(m-sulfophenyl)-.5-pyrazolone. 
3-Methyl-l-(p-sulfophenyl)-S-pyrazolone. 
Quinaldine. 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid, methyl ester. 
4-Methylnmbelliferone. 
p,p'-Bis(dimethylamino)benzohydrol. 
p,p'-Bis(dimethylamino)benzophenone. 
Cresol. o,m,p or Cresol, m,p. 
Cresylic acid. 
Cresylic acid, refined. 
Bromobenzene. 
Chlorobenzene, mono. 

Naphthalenesulfonie acids, sodium salt (mixture). 

2-Naphthalenemercaptoacetic acid. 

1-Am ino-2-naphthalenesulfnnic acid. 

1-Naphthol. 

2-Naphthol. 

8-Chloro-l-naphthol-3,6-disu)fonic acid. ' 

2-Ethoxj'Tiaphthalene. 

/3-(2-Hydroxynaphthyl)-3-thianaphthenol. 

1-Naphthalenesulfonyl chloride. 

l-Naphthol-3,6,8-trisulfonic acid-l,8-sultone. 

1-Naphthalamine. 

2-Naphthylamine. 

4-Amino-l,G-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

8-Amino-l,6-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

4-Amino-] ,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

2-Amino-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

3-Amino-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

3-Amino-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

6-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

7-Amino-1.3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

8-Amino-l,6-naphthalenedisulfonie acid, mono- 
sodium salt. 

5-Amino-2,7-uaphthalalenedisulfonic acid, sodium 
salt. 

l-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

4,-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

N^phthionic acid. 

5-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

5-A mino-2-naphthaleoesulfonic acid . 

5- (and 8)-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

8-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

8-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfouic acid. 

2-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

6-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

6-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

Naphthionic acid, sodium salt. 

7-Amino-l-naphthalenesufonic acid, sodium salt. 

8-Amino-l,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid. 

7-Amino-l,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid. 

l-01-Naphthylamino)-2-anthraquiuone carboxylic 
acid. 

1-Naphthyl isocyanate. 

2-Naphthalenemercaptoacetic acid. 

l-Naphthol-4-sulfonic acid. 

2-Nitro-p-anisidinc. 

3-Nitro-o-anisidine. 

4rNitro-o-anisidine. 

2-Amino-5-nitrophenol. 

4-Amino-2-nitrophenol. 

2-Amino-4Knitrophenol. 

2-Amino-4-nitro-l-phenol-6-sulfonieaci.d. 

2-Amino-6-nitro-l-phenol-4-sulfonicacid. 



168 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymoxis names — Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



4-Nitro-4'-amino-2-sulfodiphenylamine 

5-N itro-2-aminotoluene 

p-N itroaniline-o-sulfonic acid 

m-N itro-p-anisidine 

p-Nilro-o-anisidine 

3-Nitro-p-anisidine 

4-Nitro-2-anisidine 

5--Vitro-2-anisidine 

2-Nitroanisole-4-sulfodiethylaraid€ 

9-Nitroanthra (1,9,4, 10)bis(l, 2,3) oxathiazine-2,7- 
bisdioxide. 

l-Nitroanthraquinone-2-carboxylic acid 

Nitrohenzene-2,5-disuIfonic acid _ 

l-Nitrohenzene-4-sulfonic acid, potassium salt 

2-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid _ 

3-iVitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

3-N itrobenzenesii If onyl chloride 

p-Ni trobenzoyl J acid 

m-Nitrobenzoyl J acid __ 

Nitrobenzoyltoluenediaminesulfonic acid 

m-Nitrobenzoyl-2,6-toluenediamine-4-sulfonic acid.._ 

m-Ni trochlorobenzene 

o-Nitrochlorobenzene 

p-:\"itrochlorobenzene 

2-Ni tro-l -chlorobenzene-4-suIfobutylamide 

2-iVitro-l-chlorobenzene-4-sulfodiethylamide 

4-Nitrochlorobenzene-2-sulfoethylanilide _ _ 

o-Xitrochlorobenzene-p-sulfonic acid 

p-NitrochJorobenzene-o-suIfonic acid -. 

3-Nitro-4-ehlorobenzoylbenzoic acid 

4-Nitro-6-chloro-l ,3-diraethoxybenzene 

2-Ni tro-4-chlorophenol 

2-Ni tro-4-chlorophenol-6-sulfonic acid 

o-Nitro-p-chlorotoluene 

2-Nitro-4-chlorotoluene 

m-Nitro-p-cresol 

Nitrocresol methyl ether 

Nitro-diazo-1,2,4 acid 

8-Nitro-l-diazo-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid 

Nitro-p-dichlorobenzene 

2-Nitro-l,4-dimethoxy benzene 

o-Nitrodiphenyl 

p-N itrodi phenyl 

Nitrodiphenyl ether 

4-NitrodiphenyIamino-2-sulfonicacid 

4-Nitro-2-diphenylamine-sulfonic acid 

2-Nitrohydroquinone, diethyl ether 

2-Ni trohydroquinone , dimethyl ether _ 

3-Nitro-4-hydroxy-l-phenylarsonic acid 

6-Nitro-4-methoxy-3-Eiminotoluene 

2-Nitro-4-methoxyan)line 

2-Nitro-l-methoxy-5- (p-toluenesulfonamido) toluene. . 

4-Nitro-l-methylaniline 

l-Nitro-2-methylantliraquinone 

7-Nitro-l ,5-naph thalenedisulfonic acid 

1-Nitronaphthalenetrisulfonic acid 

2-N itronaphthalene-4,8-disulfonic acid 

4-Nitronaph thalic acid tolylimide 

3-N i ti opheny Ihydrazine 

Nitropyrazolone 

Nitropyrazolonecarboxylic acid 

p-N itrosodiethylanilinc 

p-Nitrosodimethylaniline 

p-Nitrosoethylbenzylamine 

Nitroso-^-naphthol 

3-N'itro-5-stearoylamino-p-toluenesulfonic acid 

4-Nitrotolueneaniiide 

6-Nitro-3-(p-toluenesulfone)amino-4-methoxy toluene. 

4'-Ni tro-p-toluenesulfone-o-toluide 

o-Nitrotoluenesulfonic acid... 

p-Nitrotoluene-o-sulfonic acid 

m-N itro-o-toluidine 

m-Nitro-p-toluidine 

p-Nitro-o-toluidine 

3-Nitro-4-toluidine 

4-Nitro-2-toluidine 

5-Nitro-2-toluidine 

Nitrotoluidine sulfone 

5-N itro-1 ,2,4-trichlorobenzene- - 

Nitroviolanthrene 



2-(p-Aminoanilino)-5-nitro-benzenesulfonic acid. 

4-Nitro-o-toluidine (NH2=1). 

2 Ammo-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid. 

2-Nitro-p-anisidine. 

5-Nitro-o-anisidinf? (N H2 = l). 

2-Nitro-p-anisidine. 

5-Nitro-o-anisidine (NH2 = 1). 

4-Nitro-o-anisidine (NH2=1). 

N,N-Diethyl-3-nitro-p-anisolesulfonamide. 

9-Nitroanthra[l,9-de,4,10-d'e']bis[l,2,.3]o.xathiazine- 

2,7-bisdioxide. 
l-Nitro-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid. 
2-Nitro-p-benzenedisulfonic acid. 
p-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid, potassium salt. 
o-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid. 
m-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid. 
m-Nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride. 
6-(p-Nitrobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
6-(m-Nitrobenzaniido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
3-Amino-5-(m-nitrobenzamido)-p-toluenesulfonic 
acid. 

Do. 
Chloro-m -nitrobenzene. 
Chloro-o-nitrobenzene. 
Chloro-p-nitrobenzene. 

N-Butyl-4-chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamide. 
4-Chloro-N,N-diethyl-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamide. 
2-Chloro-N-ethyl-5-nitrobenzenesuIfonanilide. 
4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid. 
2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzenesulfonie acid. 
o-(4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzoyl)ben7,oic acid. 
6-Chloro-l,3-dimethoxy-4-nitrobenzene. 
4-Chloro-2-nitrophenol. 
4-Chloro-2-nitro-l-phenol-6-sulfonic acid. 
4-Chloro-2-nitrotoluene. 

Do. 
2-Nitro-p-cresol. 
4-Methyl-o-nitroanisole. 
7(and 8)-Nitronaphth[l,2]oxadiazole-5-sulfonic acid. 

Do. 
l,4-Dichloro-2-nitrobenzene. 
1 ,4-Dimethoxy-2-nitrobenzene. 
2-Nitrobiphenyl. 
4-Nitrobiphenyl. 
Nitrophenyl phenyl ether. 
2-Anilino-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid. 

Do. 
l,4-Diethoxy-2-nitrobenzene. 
l,4-Dimethoxy-2-nitrobenzene. 
4-Hydroxy-3-nitro-l-phenylarsonic acid. 
4-Methyl-5-nitro-o-anisidine. 
2-N itro-p-anisidine. 

N-(5-Methyl-4 nitro-o-anisyl)-p-toluenesulfonamide. 
5-Nitro-o-toluidine. (NH2=1). 
2-Methyl-l-nitroanthraquinone. 
3-Nitro-l,5-naph thalenedisulfonic acid. 
8-N itro-1 ,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
3-Nitro-l ,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
4-Nitro-N-tolylnaphthalimide. 
m-N itropheny Ihydrazine. 
3-Methyl-l-m-nitrophenyl-5-pyrazolone. 
l-(m-N'itrophenyl)-5-pyrazolone-3-carbo.\ylic acid. 
N,N-Diethyl-p-nitrosoanihne. 
N,N-Dimethy]-p-nitrosoaniline. 
N-Ethyl-N-(p-nitrosophenyl)benzylamine. 
l-Nitroso-2-naphthol. 

3-Nitro-5-stearoylamido-p-toluenesulfonic acid. 
2-Methyl-5-nitrodiphenylamine. 
N-(5-Methyl-4-nitro-o-anisyl)-p-toluenesulfonaniide. 
N-(4-Nitro-o-tolyl)-p-toluencsulfonamide. 
3-Nitro-p-toluenesulfonic acid. 
5-Nitro-o-toluenesu!fonic acid. 
4-Nitro-o-toluidine. 
2-Nitro-p-toluidine. 
5-Nitro-o-toluidine (NH2 = 1). 
2-Nitro-p-toluidine. 
5-Nitro-o-toluidine (NH2 = 1). 
4-Nitro-o-toluidine (XH:=1). 
4'-Nitro-p-toluenesuIfono-o-toluide. 
l,2,4-Trichloro-5-nitrobenzene. 
16-Nitroviolanthrone. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 194 8 169 

Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Common name 



p-Nitro-o-xylene . . . 
4-N itro-1 ,3-xylene - 
2-Nitio-l,4-xvlol ._ 
4-Nitro-l,3-xyloL.- 



Orthanilic acid 

Oxaly 1-p-nit roaniline 

Oxalyl-m-phenylenediamine. 
Oxalyl-p-phenylenediamine - 
2-Oxyoaibazole- 



Penta-anthramide- 



Peri acid - 

Phenylacetamide 

Phenylacet ic acid 

Phenylacetic acid, ethyl ester 

Pheny lacetic ester 

l-Phenylacetylcarhinol 

2-Phenylaniine-5-naphthol-7-sulfonic acid 

2-Phenylamine-8-naphthol-6-sulfonic acid 

2-Phenylamino-5-naplithol-7-sulfonic acid 

2-Phenylamino-S-naphthol-fi-sulfonic acid 

Phenylbiphcnyl _- 

Phenyl bromide 

1- Pheny l-3-carboxy-5-pyrazolone-4-sulfonic acid 

Pheny Idiethunolamine 

m-Phenylenediam inedisulfonic acid 

m-Pheny lenediaminesulfonic acid 

p-Phenylenediaminesulfonic acid 

Phenylene nerol acid 

Pheny lethanolamine 

Phenylethylraalonie acid, diethyl ester 

Phenylethylmalonic ester -. 

Phenyl gamma acid 

Phenylhydrazinesulfonic acid 

Phenylhydrazine-p-sul/onic acid 

Phenylhydrazine-2-sulfonic acid 

Phenylhydrazine-3-sulfonic acid 

N-Phenyl-X'-(0-hydroxyethyl) thiourea 

Phenyl J acid 

Phenylmalonic ester 

Pheny Imethylpyrazolone. 

l-Phenyl-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone 

Phenylmpthylpyrazolone-3-sulfonic acid 

Pheny Imet hylpyrazolone-4-sulfonic acid 

Phenyl-/S-naphthylamine. _ 

N-Phenyl-l-naphthylamine-8-sulfonic acid 

Phenyl peri acid 

N-Phenyl-p-phcnylenediaminesulfonic acid 

1 -Phenyl-4-sulfo-5-pvrazolone-3-carboxylic acid 

Phthalyl chloride 

Piperid inopropyl alcohol 

Poly chlorod iphenyl 

Potassium-3-chIoro-6-carboxy-3-methoxydiphenyl- 
amine. 

Potassium dicarbon_ _ _ 

Purpurin 

Pyraznlanthrone .-_ 

Pyrazolone T _._ _ 



R acid (salt) . 
2Racid 



Red KB base-. 
Rhoduline acid. 



S acid.. 
2S acid. 



SSacid_ 

Schacfft r's acid 

Silver salt 

Sodium carbola te 

Sodium naph th ionate 

Sodium phenatc 

Sodium-o-phenylphenolate 

Sodium tetrachlorophenolate. 

Sodium trichlorophenolate. 

Sulfoamylmethylphenvlpyrazolone. 

Sulfo BB acid ." 

o-Sulfobenzaldehyde , 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



4-Nitro-o-xylene. 
4-Nitro-ra-xylene. 
2-Nitro-p-xylene. 
4-Nilro-m-xylene. 

o-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid. 

X,X'-Di(p-nitrophenyl)oxamide. 

N,N'-Di(m-aminophenyl)oxamide. 

N-X'-Di(p-aminophenyl)oxamide. 

2-Hydroxycarbazole. 

1,4,5,8 -Tetrakis(l', 1", 1'", 1""- anthraquinonyl- 

amino)anthraquinone. 
8-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
a-Toluamide. 
a-Toluic acid. 
Reported as a flavor and perfume material. 

Do. 
l-Hydroxy-l-phenyl-2-propanone. 
6-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
7-Anilino-l-nnphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
6-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
7-.\.nilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
Terphenyl. 
Bromobenzene. 

l-(p-Sulfophenyl^-5-pyTazolone-3-carboxylic acid. 
2-2'-Phenyliminodiethanol . 
4,6-Di.Tmino-m-benzenedisulfonic acid. 
2,4-Diiminobenzenesulfonic acid. 
2,5-Diaminobpnzenesulfonic acid. 
6-(p-.\minoanilino)metanilic acid. 
2-Anilinoethanol. 
Ethylphenylmalonic acid, diethyl ester. 

Do. 
7-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonie acid. 
Hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid. 
p-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid. 
o-Hyd»-azinobenzenesu!fonic acid. 
m-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid. 
l-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-3-phenyl-2-thiourea. 
6-AniIino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
Phenylmalonic acid, diethyl ester. 
Methylphenylpyrazolone. 
3-Methyl-l-phenyl-5-pyrazolone. 
Methylphpnylpyrazolone-3-sulfonic acid. 
Methylphenylpyrazolone-4-sulfonic acid. 
N-Phenyl-2-naphthylamine. 
8-Anilino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

Do. 
5-Amino-2-anilinobenzenesulfonic acid. 
l-(p-SulfophenyD-.5-pyrazolone-3-carboxylic acid. 
Phthaloyl chloride. 
1-Piperidinepropanol. 
Polychlorobiphenyl. 

2-(m-Anisyl)-4-chloroanthranilic acid, potassium 
salt. 

Do. 
1 ,2,4-Trihydroxyanthraquinone. 
Anthra [!,9] pyrazol-6-(2;-one. 
l-(p-Sulfophenyl)-5-pyrazolone-3-carboxylic acid. 

2-Naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 
7-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid, monoso- 

dium salt. 
4-Chloro-o-toluidine. 
6,6'-Iminobis(l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid) . 

8-.\mino-l-naphthGl-5-sulfonic acid, sodium salt. 
8-Amino-l-naphthol-5,7-disulfonic acid, monoso- 
dium salt. 
Do. 
2-Naphthol-''-sulfonic acid. 
2-Anthraquinonesrllcnic acid, sodium salt. 
Phenol, sodium salt. 
Naphthionic acid, sodium salt. 
Phenol, sodium salt. 
2-Phenylphenol, sodium Fait. 
2,3,4,fi-TetrachIorop^enol, sodium salt. 
2,4,5-Trichlorophenol, sodium salt. 
Methylsulfamylphenylpyrazclone. 
4-Sulfo-o-benzoylbenzoic acid. 
o-Formylbenzenesulfonic acid. 



170 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



l-Sulfo-5-nitroanthraquinone. . 
Sulfophenylmethylpyrazolone. 



acid 



Tetraaminoditolylmethane 

Tetrachloroquinone 

Tetraethykliaminohpnzhydrol 

Tetraethyldiamiiiolicnzophenone 

Tetraethylili;iiiiin(i(li[)henylmethane 

Tetraethy Idiaii] inotr iphenylmpthane 

Tetramethyldiaminoacridine hydrochloride 

Tetramethyldiaminobenzopherioxie 

Tetramethyldiatn inobenzoy Ihydrol 

Tetramethyldiaminodiphenylmethane 

Tetramethyldiaminodipheiiylmethanesulfonic 

and salt. 

Tetramethyldiaminotriphenylmethane 

Thioanihne 

Thioanilinedisulfonic acid 

li,p'-Thiobis(4-aTnino-o-benzenesulfonic acid) 

Thiosalicylic acid 

Tobias acid 

Tolazine, base 

o-Tolidinedisulfonic acid 

p-ToIuenesulfochloi ide _ 

4-ToIuenesulfonamido-l-aminoantliraquinonesulfonic 

acid. 

o-Toluidine-omega-sulfonic acid 

4-Toluidine-2-suifanilide 

o-Toluidine-m-su]fonic acid 

p-Toluidine-o-sulfonic acid 

3-ToIuidine-6-sulfonic acid 

p-Toluidinesulfonic acid, isopropyl ester 

4-ToIunitrile 

p-Tolyl-o-benzoic acid 

Tolylearbinol 

4-m-Tolylenediamine . 

p-Tolylenedian] ine 

m-Tolylenediaminesulfonicacid 

Tolyl peri acid 

2,4,6-Triaminobenzenc trihydrochlorido 

2,4,6-Triaminotoluene trihydrochloride 

Trianthraquinonyldi-imide 

1.4-Trianthrimide 

Trichlorophenoxyethoxychloroethane 

Trichlorophenoxyethoxyethyl chloride 

2,4,6-Trimethylpyridine 

Trinitrophenol 

2,4,6-Tiinitroresorcin 

1,2,4-Trioxyanthraquiuone 

3,3'-Ureyleneaniline 

2,4-Xylenesulfonanilide 

m-Xylidine acetate 

m-Xylidinesulfonic acid 

Xylyl chloride 



5-Nitro-l-anthraquinonesulfonic acid. 
3-Methyl-l-p-sulfophenyl-5-pyrazolone. 

5,.5'-Methylenebis-2,4-toluenediamine. 
Chloranil. 

p,p'-Bis(diethylamino)benzohydrol. 

p,p'-Bis(diethylamino)beiiz()phenone. 

p,p'-Mcthylenebis(N',X-(liethy!aniline). 

p.p'-BenzylidenebisfX.N-diethylaniline). 

2,7-Bi.s(dimethylamino)acridine hydrochloride. 

p,p'-Bis(dimethylan]ino)benzophenone. 

p,p'-Bis(diethylamino)benzohydrol. 

p,p'-Methylenebis(N,N-din^ethylaniline). 

Bis(p-dimethylaminoi)hcnyl)methanesulfonic acid 

and salt. 
p,p'-Benzylidinebis(N,N-dimethylaniline). 
p,p'-Thiodianiline. 
fi.fi'-Thiodimetanilic acid. 

Do. 
o-Mercaptobenzoic acid. 
2-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonicacid. 
3-Amino-6-hydroxy-2-methylphenazine. 
2,2'-Diamino-5,5'-bi-m-toluenesulfonic acid. 
p-Toluenesulfonyl chloride. 
l-Amino-4-(p-toluenesulfonamido)- 2 -anthraqui- 

none sulfonic acid. 
o-Toluidinomethanesulfonic acid. 
o-Aminobenzenesulfon-p-toluide. 
4-Amino-in-toluenesulfonic acid. 
5-Amino-o-toluenesulfonic acid, 
4-Amino-o-toluenesulfonic acid. 
5-Amino-o-toluenesulfonic acid, isopropyl ester. 
p-Tolunitrile. 
o-(p-Tolyl)benzoic acid. 
Methylbenzyl alcohol. 
2,4-Toluenedianune. 
2,5-Toluenediamine. 
Diamino-m-toluenesulfonic acid. 
l-(p-Toluidino)naphthalene-8-sulfonic acid. 
1,3,5-Benzenetrianiine trihydrochloride. 
2,4,6-ToIuenetiiamine trihydrochloride. 
l,4-Bis(l-anthraquinonylamino)anthiaquinone. 
l,4-Bis(l-anthraquinonyIamino)anthraquinone. 
/3-(2-Chloroethoxy)-2,4,C-trichlorophenetole. 

Do. 
s-Collidine. 
Picric acid. 
Styphnic acid. 
1,2,4-Trihydroxyanthraquinone. 

l,3-Di(m-aminophenyl)urea. 

p-Toluenesulfono-o-toluide. 
2,4-Xylidine acetate. 
2-Amino-3,5-xylenesulfonic acid. 
4-Chloro-m -xylene. 



NOTE TO LIBRARIANS 
Here is an index card for this publication 

The sample main catalog card udth suggested subject headings which 
appears below is presented by the Tariff Commission as a convenience 
to expedite the placing of this document in the hands of your readers. 

Many libraries file their documents by the Government Printing 
Office classification number which appears in the United States Gov- 
ernment Publications Monthly Catalog. This scheme automatically 
assembles the volumes according to the issuing office. Libraries using 
it vnW note that the GPO classification numbers appear on the card 
below as well as on the cover of this publication. However, there is 
no regulation or law reciuiring depository libraries to use this number 
or to segregate United States Government documents from the clas- 
sified book collection. It is therefore suggested that, whenever pos- 
sible, all subject material be classified with like material in the regular 
classification scheme used in your library. 

This publication should be noted on the open-entry cards for this 
subject which probably are already in your catalog. The Library of 
Congress has printed such cards. 



U. S. Tariff commission. 

. . . Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production 
and sales . . . Washington, U. S. Govt, print, ofl^., 1918- 

V. tables. 25<^" 
Title varies 

1. Dye? and dyeing. 2. Coal-tar products. I. Title. II. Title: Census 
of dj-es and coal-tar chemicals. III. Title: Production and sale of dyes and 
other synthetic organic chemicals. IV. Title: Dyes and other synthetic 
organic chemicals in the United States. 

TC 1.9: 164 • 



171 

D. S. eOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 184* 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Processing Tax on Certain 
COCONUT OIL 

Report of May 28, 1946, and 
Proclamatioii by the President of June 27, 1946 



Report to the President of April 6, 1949, and 
Proclamation by the President of July 27, 1949 



[GPO CI. No. • Report No. 165 

TC 1.9:165] Second Series 




RECENT REPORTS OF THE UNITED STATES TARIFF 
COMMISSION 



SECOND SERIES 

No. 160. Operation of the Trade Agreements I Program, June 1934 to April 
1948 

Part I. Summary, 20f!f 

Part II. History of the Trade Agreements Program, 250 

Part III. Trade-Agreement Concessions Granted by the United States, 

350 
Part IV. Trade-Agreement Concessions Obtained by the United States, 

250 
Part V. Effects of the Trade Agreements Program on United States Trade, 
150 
No. 161. The Import Quota on Long-Staple Cotton (1948), 250 
No. 162. Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 

1947, 450 
*No. 163. Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: Second Report, 

AprU 1948-March 1949 
*No. 164. Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 

1948 
*No. 166. The Import Quota on Long-Staple Cotton: Supplemental Report 
(1949) 

WAR CHANGES IN INDUSTRY SERIES 

No. 1. Raw Wool No. 15. Iron and Steel, 300 

No. 2. Industrial Alcohol No. 16. Potatoes, 150 
No. 3. United States Stock-Pile No. 17. Petroleum, 300 

Wools No. 18. Edible Tree Nuts, 200 

No. 4. Mercury No. 19. Dyes, 250 

No. 5. Dehydrated Vegetables No. 20. Watches, 400 

No. 6. Rubber, 200 No. 21. Mica, 250 

No. 7. Pottery Tableware No. 22. Newsprint, 150 

No. 8. Red Ced^r Shingles No. 23. China Clay or Kaolin, 250 

S"* in' ff (Wmdow) Glass ^^^ 24. Grapes and Grape Products, 



200 



No. 10. Magnesium 

TVT * 1 o* r> ^ .. WT ' • /A/T No. 25. Softwood Lumber, 250 

No. 12. Refractory Magnesia (Magne- ,».,„>- t. i ^^^ » ^ 

site), 150 No. 26. Burlap, 200 

No. 13. Hides and Skins and Leather, ^o- 27. Cotton Cloth, 400 

250 No. 28. Plastics Products, 250 

No. 14. Aluminum, 250 No. 29. Woolens and Worsteds, 300 



NOTE.— The reports preceded by an asterisk (*) are in press and will be available shortly. 
Those followed by a price may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. 
Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C. See inside back cover for list of additional 
reports. These and other reports issued by the United States Tariff Commission may also be 
consulted in the official depository libraries throughout the United States. 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Processing Tax on Certain 
COCONUT OIL 



Report of May 28, 1946, and 
Proclamation by the President of June 27, 1946 



Report to the President of April 6, 1949, and 
Proclamation by the President of July 27, 1949 



UNDER THE PROVISIONS OF 
SECTION 505 (b) OF THE 
PHILIPPINE TRADE ACT OF 1946 



UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON : 1950 



Report No. 165 • Seeond Series 



1. S. SUKRfm'ENDENT OF OOCUIIO^ 

FEB 23 1950 

UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Oscar B. Ryder, Chairman 

Lynn R. Edminster, Vice Chairman 

Edgar B. Brossard 

E. Dana Durand 

John P. Gregg 

George McGill 

Sidney Morgan, Secretary- 



Address all communications 

UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Washington 25, D. C. 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing OflSce 
Washington 25, D. C. • Price 15 cents 



CONTENTS 

Report on processing tax on coconut oil, May 28, 1946: Pag 

Letter of transmittal 2 

Report of May 28, 1946 3 

Appendix to report of May 28, 1946: Proclamation by the President 

of June 27, 1946 6 

Report to the President on the processing tax on certain coconut oil, 
April 6, 1949: 

Letter of transmittal 8 

Report to the President 9 

Summary of data relating to the 2-cent additional processing tax on 

coconut oil 11 

Appendix to report to the President: Proclamation by the President 

of July 27, 1949 15 

m 



EDITORIAL NOTE 

Included in this document are two reports and proclamations con- 
cerning the processing tax on coconut oil from the Philippine Islands. 

The first report was sent to the Bureau of the Budget on May 31, 
1946, and the second is a report to the President dated April 6, 1949. 



REPORT ON PROCESSING TAX 
ON COCONUT OIL 

May 28, 1946 



Letter of Transmittal 

United States Tariff Commission, 

Washington, May 31, 1946. 
Director, Bureau of the Budget, 
Washington 25, D. G. 

(Attention of Mr. F. J. Bailey) 
Dear Sir : I have your letter of May 28, 1946 and enclosures regard- 
ing the proposed suspension of the additional processing tax on coco- 
nut oil. In anticipation that the President would desire information 
in this matter, the Tariff Commission, on its own initiative, had pre- 
pared a statement of pertinent facts and was about to send it to the 
President when your letter was received. In view of your letter, we 
are sending the statement directly to you. 

In connection with our proposed communication to the President, 
we had also prepared a draft proclamation intended to be sent to you 
in accordance with Executive Order 9278. The original and six car- 
bons of this draft are attached for your information. It is believed 
that adoption of this version would result in a more adequate procla- 
mation than the draft submitted by the Secretary of Agriculture. 
Sincerely yours, 

Lynn R. Edminster, 

Acting Chairman. 



Report of May 28, 1946 

Section 505(b) of the Philippine Trade Act of 1946 authorizes the 
President to suspend the additional tax of 2 cents per pound on coco- 
nut oil obtained from copra of other than Philippine origin if, after 
consultation with the President of the Philippines, he finds that "ade- 
quate supplies of neither copra nor coconut oil, the product of the 
Philippines, are readily available for processing in the United States." 
Unless the President takes action under this provision of the Philip- 
pine Trade Act before June 30, the additional 2-cents-per-pound tax, 
which was suspended by act of Congress in 1942, will become opera- 
tive again. 

The information available to the Tariff Commission, which is sum- 
marized in the following memorandum, indicates that adequate sup- 
plies of Philippine copra and coconut oil are not readily available for 
processing in the United States ; therefore, the President may wish to 
take action with a view to the issuance of a proclamation that would 
suspend the tax beyond June 30. 

In 1934 the Congress imposed a processing tax of 3 cents per pound 
on coconut oil, and, in order to give the Philippines a preferential 
position in supplying the United States with coconut oil, an additional 
tax of 2 cents per pound was imposed on the processing of coconut 
oil derived from copra which was not the product of the Philippine 
Islands or United States possessions. 

As a result of this preferential tax arrangement virtually all of the 
coconut oil consumed in the United States was supplied by shipments 
from the Philippines either of oil or of copra. 

In 1942 military operations eliminated the Philippines as a source 
of both copra and coconut oil for the United States. Since the main- 
tenance of the additional 2-cent tax at that time could not benefit the 
Philippines and since it hampered the acquisition of coconut oil and 
copra from other sources, the Congress temporarily suspended the 
2-cent tax (Pub. Law 711, 77th Cong., and Pub. Law 390, 78th Cong.) . 
The tax suspension expires on June 30, 1946, after which oil derived 
from copra which is not the product of the Philippines or United 
States possessions will again be subject to a processing tax totaling 5 
cents per pound. 

During the war L'nited Sta,tes supplies of copra and coconut oil 
were obtained from Ceylon, Oceania, and other allied areas. Those 
sources continue to supply a large part of United States imports 
although the Philippines have resumed shipments to the United 
States. 

The Congress has recognized in section 505(b) of the Philippine 
Trade Act of 1946 (referred to above) that the additional 2-cent proc- 
essing tax should not be reimposed until adequate supplies of Philip- 
pine coconut oil and copra are readily available for processing in the 
United States. 

Coconut oil is the most important of the lauric-acid oils, which 
are especially desirable for use in the manufacture of soap because of 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



tlie superior latherino; properties that they g:ive the soap. Other im- 
portant lauric-acid oils are babassu and palm kernel. 

The supply of fats and oils in the United States, as in the world at 
large, is exceedingly stringent and is expected to continue so for 
possibly 2 years. The supply of coconut oil and other lauric-acid oils 
is even more stringent than that of oils in general. Supplies of 
PhilipiDine coconut oil and copra available for export to the United 
States are far from adequate at present and are likely to continue so 
for some time. Table 1, which gives the exports of copra and coco- 
nut oil from the Philippine Islands, b}' countries, 1938 to date, shows 
that postwar shipments of copra and coconut oil are far below the 
prewar level. 

Table 1. — Copra and coconut oil: Exports from Philippine Islands to the United 
States and to other countries, by specified periods, Januanj 1938-Septeml)er 
1941 and January 1945-April 1946 ^ 

[In millions of pounds of oil and oil equivalent] 





United States 


Other countries 


All countries 


Year 


Copra 2 


Coco- 
nut oil 


Total 


Copra 2 


Coco- 
nut oil 


Total 


Copra 2 


Coco- 
nut oU 


Total 


1938 


315.9 
312.6 
338.3 

240.2 
13.2 
81.3 


351.8 
344.4 
360.4 

298.4 


667.7 
657. 
688.7 

538.6 
13.2 
81.3 


159.2 
243.9 
136.6 

63.8 


13.3 
25.2 
59.4 

52.2 


172.5 
269.1 
196.0 

116.0 


475.1 
556.5 
474.9 

304.0 
13.2 
81.3 


365.1 
369.6 
409.8 

350.6 


840.2 


1939 

1940 


926.1 

884.7 


1941 (January-Septem- 
ber) 


654.6 


1945 ' 


1.3.2 


1946 (January-April)3 








81.3 











' During 1942-44 no copra or coconut oil was exported to the United States, and data on exports to other 
countries in that period are not available. 

2 Oil equivalent. 

' It is estimated by the Copra Export Management Company of the Philippines that the total exports 
in 1946 will amount to 494 million pounds oil equivalent. 

Source: Philippines, Yearbook of Philippive Statistics and Annual Ffeport of the Insular Colleaor of Customs; 
and U. S. Foreign Service Report No. 113, Manila, Prospective Eapid Improvement in Philippine Copra 
Exports, Mar. 12, 1946. 

Since no lauric-acid oils are produced in the United States from 
domestic materials, all supplies of these oils have to be imported. 
United States imports of lauric-acid oils since 1938 are shown in table 
2. During 1938-41 annual United States consumption of these oils 
averaged more than 750 million pounds; about 90 percent of this 
total was coconut oil. Supplies of copra and of coconut oil came 
almost exclusively from the Philippines, which until the war shipped 
most of its output of these products to the United States. 

Judging from the figures in tables 1 and 2, United States supplies 
of lauric-acid oils during 1946 will be considerably below the prewar 
level. 

Before the Japanese invasion of the Philippines, production of 
copra was at a high level. It is estimated that about 750,000 long 
tons of copra (equivalent to 1,058 million pounds of oil) was produced 
from January through November 1941. Military operations after 
the Japanese invasion almost completely paralyzed the industry. It 
is estimated that only 150,000 long tons of copra (equivalent to 212 



PROCESSING TAX ON CERTAIN COCONUT OIL 5 

Table 2. — United States imports of coconut, babassti, and palnv-nut kernel oils, 
including oil equivalent of raw materials, 1938-45, and January-March 1946 

[In thousands of poimdsj 



Year 





Babassu oil 


Palm-nut 


Coconut oil 


and oil 


kernel oil 


and oil 


equivalent 


and oil 


equivalent 


of babassu 


equivalent 


of copra ' 


kernels and 


of palm-nut 




nuts 1 


kernels 2 


687, 142 


32, 021 


13, 522 


607, 730 


72, 367 


5,949 


758, 365 


62, 803 


13, 173 


764, 218 


44,546 


6,253 


132, 746 


30, 627 


1,378 


192, 410 


21, 392 


2 


171,212 


10, 293 


26, 671 


183, 049 


50,129 


37, 308 


49, 648 


14,918 







Total 



1938 

1939 

1940 

1941 

1942 

1943 

19443 ---- 

19453 

1946 (January-March) 3. 



732, 685 
686, 046 
834, 341 
815, 017 
164, 751 
213, 804 
208, 176 
270, 486 
64, 566 



1 Oil equivalent of copra and babassu kernels and nuts calculated on basis of 63 percent of raw material is 



oU. 



' Oil equivalent of palm-nut kernels calculated on the assumption that 45 percent of the raw material is 
oil. 
> Preliminary. 

Source: Compiled from official statistics of the U. S. Department of Commerce. 

million pounds of oil) was produced in 1942. In 1943 production of 
copra declined still further to about 100,000 long tons (equivalent to 
141 million pounds of oil), and in 1944 to about 50,000 long tons 
(equivalent to about 70 million pounds of oil) . 

When the major military operations ceased in 1945, production of 
copra was at a standstill. The productive capacity of the coconut 
groves, however, remained about the same as before the war. 

In May 1945 the Copra Export Management Company was organ- 
ized to act as agent for the U. S. Commercial Company to assist in 
the rehabilitation of the copra industry. The Copra Export Man- 
agement Company has exclusive rights in the purchase of copra for 
export. Its purchases of copra increased from 1,500 long tons in Au- 
gust 1945 to 18,300 long tons in February 1946. Purchases during 
January and February 1946 totaled about 31,000 long tons compared 
with total purchases of about 15,000 long tons during all of 1945. 

In March the company estimated exports of copra for the first half 
of 1946 at 150,000 long tons (oil equivalent, 212 million pounds) , and 
estimated exports for the full year 1946 at 350,000 long tons (oil equiv- 
alent, 490 million pounds). If this tonnage is reached, exports in 
1946, in terms of oil, will be equivalent to only slightly more than 
half of the average exports of copra and oil in 1939 and 1940. 

Probably most of the Philippine exports in 1946 will be in the form 
of copra rather than coconut oil. Significant amounts of copra are 
not likely to be crushed in the Philippines for some months. Produc- 
tion of oil, therefore, is likely to be very small and largely for local 
consumption. 



865312—50- 



Appendix to Report of May 28, 1946 

Proclamation by tJie President of June 27, 1946 

SUSPENSION OF ADDITIONAL PROCESSING TAX ON CERTAIN 

COCONUT OIL 

By The President of the United States of America 

A Proclamation 

Whereas section 2470 (a) (2) of the Internal Revenue Code, as amended, 
provides in part as follows : 

"Additional rate on coconut oil. There sliall be imposed (in addition to 
the tax imposed by the preceding paragraph) a tax of 2 cents per pound, to 
be paid by the processor, upon the first domestic processing of coconut oil 
or of any combination or mixture containing a substantial quantity of coconut 
oil vpith respect to v^^hich oil there has been no previous first domestic process- 
ing, except that the tax imposed by this sentence shall not apply when it is 
established, in accordance witli regulations prescribed by the Commissioner 
with the approval of the Secretary, that such coconut oil (whether or not 
contained in such a combination or mixture), (A) is wholly the production 
of the Philippine Islands or any possession of the United States, or (B) was 
produced wholly from materials the growth or production of the Philip- 
pine Islands or any possession of the United States * * *" ; 

Whereas section 505 (b) of the Philippine Trade Act of 1946 (Public Law 371, 
79th Congress) provides as follows: 

"Susijcnsion of Bection 2!p0 (a) (2) of Internal Revenue Code. When- 
ever the President, after consultation with the President of the Philippines, 
finds that adequate supplies of neither copra nor coconut oil, the product of 
the Philippines, are readily available for processing in the United States, he 
shall so proclaim, and after the date of such proclamation the provisions of 
section 2470 (a) (2) of the Internal Revenue Code shall be suspended until 
the expiration of 30 days after he proclaims that, after consultation with 
the President of the Philippines, he has found that such adequate supplies 
are so readily available" ; and 

Whereas I have consulted with the President of the Philippines concerning 
the supplies of copra and coconut oil, the product of the Philippines, which are 
available for processing in the United States : 

Now, Therefore, I, Harry S. Truman, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby find and proclaim that adequate supplies of neither copra 
nor coconut oil, the product of the Philippines, are readily available for pi'ocess- 
ing in the United States. 

In Witness Whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the 
United States of America to be affixed. 

Done at the City of Washington this 27th day of June in the year of our Lord 
nineteen hundred and forty-six, and of the Independence of the United States of 
America the one hundred and seventieth. 

[No. 2693] 

Harry S. Truman. 

By the President : 
Dean Acheson. 
Acting Secretary of State. 



REPORT TO THE PRESIDENT 

on the 

PROCESSING TAX ON CERTAIN COCONUT OIL 

April 6, 1949 



Letter of Transmittal 

United States Tariff Commission, 

Washington^ April 6, 1949. 
Dear Mr. President: I have the honor to transmit herewith a re- 
port of the United States Tariff Commission with respect to the re- 
imposition of the additional processing tax on certain coconut oil. 

A draft of a proclamation is being transmitted to the Director of 
the Bureau of the Budget in accordance with Executive Order No. 
7298 of February 18, 1936. 
Respectfully, 

Oscar B. Ryder, 

Chairman. 
The President, 

The White House. 



Report to the President 

In 1934 the Congress imposed a processing tax of 3 cents per pound 
on all coconut oil processed in the United States and an additional 
tax of 2 cents per pound on coconut oil derived from copra produced 
in foreign countries. The additional 2-cent tax has never applied to 
coconut oil derived from copra produced in the Philippines or any 
possession of the United States. As a result of this preferential tax 
arrangement, virtually all of the coconut oil consumed in the United 
States was supplied by shipments from the Philippines either of oil 
or of copra. In 1942 the 2-cent additional tax was suspended by act of 
Congress because supplies of coconut oil and copra from the Philip- 
pines had been shut off by hostilities. Under the law existing in the 
spring of 1946, when Congress was considering the Philippine Trade 
Act of 1946, the suspension was scheduled to terminate on June 30, 1946. 

Section 505 (b) of the Philippine Trade Act of 1946 authorizes the 
President, in effect, to continue the suspension of the additional 2-cent 
tax if, after consultation with the President of the Philippines, he finds 
that adequate supplies of neither copra nor coconut oil the product of 
the Philippines are readily available for processing in the United 
States ; when such supplies become adequate the President is to issue 
a proclamation to that effect and the additional 2-cent tax is again to 
be in force on the processing of oil not derived from Philippine copra. 

In response to a request from the Bureau of the Budget for informa- 
tion pertinent to the coconut-oil tax problem, the Tariff Commission 
submitted a memorandum of pertinent facts, dated May 28, 1946. It 
was suggested that the facts warranted a finding by the President that 
adequate supplies of Philippine coconut oil and copra were not at that 
time readily available for processing in the United States, and a draft 
proclamation was also submitted. After consultation with the Presi- 
dent of the Philippines, the President of the United States issued 
Proclamation 2693 on June 27, 1946, proclaiming the inadequacy of 
supplies of copra and coconut oil the product of the Philippines. The 
effect of this proclamation and of section 505 (b) of the Philippine 
Trade Act was to continue in suspense the 2-cent additional tax on 
coconut oil not derived from Philippine copra. 

On July 4, 1946, the United States entered into a trade agreement 
with the Philippines to carry out the Philippine Trade Act of 1946. 
The agreement provides in part (art. IV, par. 6) that the United States 
will grant the Philippines a preference of 2 cents per pound in the 
processing tax on coconut oil except that during any period as to which 
the President of the United States, after consultation with the Presi- 
dent of the Philippines, finds that adequate supplies of neither copra 
nor coconut oil the product of the Philippines are readily available for 
processing in the United States, the additional 2-cent tax on oil not 
derived from Philippine copra may be suspended. 

During the war, scarce products, including fats and oils and nitroge- 
nous fertilizers, were allocated to various countries by the Combined 
Food Board representing Allied Nations. After the war the Com- 



10 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

bined Food Board was replaced by the International Emergency 
Food Council and later by the International Emergency Food Com- 
mittee of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United 
Nations. 

These agencies controlled international shipments of fats and oils, 
including coconut oil and copra. As long as such controls existed it 
mattered little whether or not the 2-cent processing tax preference 
accorded the Philippines was restored. This situation was changed 
when in February 1949 allocation of all fats and oils was discontinued. 
Now, although the United States still controls imports and exports of 
fats and oils, licenses to import coconut oil and copra are freely 
granted. Consequently, adequacy of coconut-oil supplies in the 
United States is no longer affected by Government controls, and the 
question of restoring the 2-cent differential tax on oil not derived 
from Philippine copra again becomes pertinent. 

Information available to the Tariff Commission, summarized in this 
memorandum, indicates that adequate supplies of Philippine copra and 
coconut oil are now readily available for processing in the United 
States; therefore, the President may wish to undertake consultation 
with the President of the Philippines with a view to the issuance of 
a proclamation that would end the suspension of the 2-cents-per-pound 
additional tax on coconut oil of non-Philippine origin. 



Summary of Data Relating to the 2-Cent Additional 
Processing Tax on Coconut Oil 

Coconut oil is the most important of the lauric-acid oils, palm- 
kernel oil and babassu oil being the other principal commercial oils 
in this gi'oup. Lauric-acid oils are especially desirable for use in 
the manufacture of soap because of the superior lathering properties 
which they give the soap, but they are also suitable for use in food 
products such as shortening and margarine. 

No lauric-acid oils are produced in the United States from do- 
mestic materials. Consequelitly, all United States supplies of these 
oils have to be imported either as oil or as oil-bearing materials. Im- 
ports of lauric-acid oils (including the oil content of raw materials) 
averaged 732 million pounds annually before the war (1935-39) ; 
the highest level of annual imports during that period was 891 million 
pounds in 1937. During the war, imports were greatly reduced, prin- 
cipally because military operations eliminated the Philippines as a 
source of copra and coconut oil. After the war, imports increased 
sharply because of the rapid recovei-y of the copra industry in the 
Philippines. In 1947 imports of the principal lauric-acid oils (in- 
cluding materials therefor) reached the highest figure on record — 895 
million pounds. Imports were smaller in 1948, but they were still 
almost equal to the prewar average. Before the war approximately 
90 percent of the imports of lauric-acid oils consisted of coconut oil 
(see table 1) ; since the war this percentage has increased (to 98 per- 
cent in 1947). 



Table 1. — Lauric-acid oils: United States imports, hy kinds, including raw mate- 
rials in terms of oil, 1935-39 and 1946-48 

[In millions of pounds] 



Year 


Coconut oil 

and copra 

in terms 

of oil 1 


Babassu oil 

and kernels 

in terms 

of oil 1 


Palm-kernel 
oil and ker- 
nels in terms 
of oil 2 


Total 


1935 


640 
551 
676 
687 
608 


10 

38 
36 
32 

72 


81 
32 
179 
14 
6 


731 
621 
891 
733 

686 


1936 


1937 


1938 . 


1939 




Average, 1935-39 


632 


38 


62 


732 


1946 3 


499 
877 
673 


27 
16 
42 




526 
895 
729 


1947 3 


2 

14 


1948' 





' Converted to oil on basis of 63 percent oil yield. 

2 Converted to oil on basis of 45 percent oil yield. 

3 Preliminary. 

Source: U. S. Department of Commerce. 

United States imports of coconut oil and of copra in terms of oil 
averaged 632 million pounds annually during 1935-39. A sharp re- 
duction occurred during the war, but, after the war, recovery was 

11 



12 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



rapid and in 1947 imports were the largest ever received. Imports 
declined in 1948 although they still exceeded the prewar average. 
More than 95 percent of the total normally comes from the Philippines. 
(See table 2.) 

Table 2. — Coconut oil and copra in terms of oil: ^ United States imports from the 
Philippines and from all countries, 1935-S9 and 1946-48 

[In millions of pounds] 



Year 


Philippines 


All countries 


1935 -- 


631 

647 
634 
673 
599 


640 


1936 - 


651 


1937 


676 


1938 - - -- ... 


687 


1939 


608 








Average, 1935-39 


616 


632 








19462 


467 

868 
649 


499 


1947 2 


877 


1948' 


673 







• Copra converted to oil on basis of 63 percent oil yield. 
» Preliminary. 

Source: U. S. Department of Commerce. 

Before the war virtually all of the coconut oil and most of the copra 
came from the Philippine Islands. Now the Philippines has again 
become the principal source of both coconut oil and copra. Other but 
relatively minor sources are Ceylon, Indonesia (Netherlands Indies), 
and other Pacific island areas. (See table 3.) 

World supplies of coconut oil and cojDra come chiefly from the 
Philippines, Indonesia, Malaya, Ceylon, and South Pacific islands, 
the Philippines and Indonesia predominating. Postwar political 
conditions have retarded recovery in Indonesia and Malaya, and, 
although supplies in these countries are now increasing materially, 
world exports in 1949 will probably still be about 15 percent short 
of prewar exports. Except for the rapid recovery of the industry 
in the Philippines, they would be far lower. 

In 1946 exports from the Philippines of coconut oil and copra in 
terms of oil exceeded the prewar (1935-39) average of 783 million 
pounds, and in 1947 they reached 1,418 million pounds, the highest 
ever recorded. Because of severe typhoon damage in December 1947, 
exports declined to 977 million pounds in 1948, but production and 
exports are expected to be at a moderately higher level in 1949. Be- 
fore the war approximately 80 percent of the total exports went to 
the United States ; since the war, principally because of shortages of 
fats in Europe, the United States has taken only a little over 60 percent 
of the total (see table 4) . 

World production of all fats and oils (including raw materials in 
terms of oil), though still slightly below the prewar level, has shown 
material improvement. Exports, however, are still much lower than 
before the war ; in 1948 they were only about 60 percent of the prewar 
volume, but in 1949 supplies available for international trade are 
expected to be considerably larger. Principally because of larger 
world supplies of fats and oils, the International Emergency Food 
Committee of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization 
discontinued international allocation of all fats and oils on February 
10, 1949. 



PROCESSING TAX ON CERTAIN COCONUT OIL 



13 



Table 3. — Coconut oil, and copra {as imported and oil equivalent) : United States 
imports for consumption, by principal sources, 1939 and 1946-48 

[Quantity in thousands of pounds] 





Coconut 
oil 


Copra 


Total, oil 


Country 


As im- 
ported 


Oil equiv- 
alent ' 


and copra 
as oil 




1939 


Philippiue Republic. - .- _ - - -. 


336, 783 


416, 511 

10, 762 

2,151 

630 


262, 402 

6,780 

1, 355 

397 


599, 185 




6, 780 


British Oceania 




1,355 


AH'other . 


13 


410 






Total - - - 


336, 796 


430, 054 


270, 934 


607, 730 











1946 2 




Philippine Republic - .-- 




741,579 
19, 301 
18, 353 
7,442 


467, 195 
12, 159 
11,562 
4,689 


467, 195 


British Oceania 


908 


13, 067 


French Pacific Islands - .-- .. .- 


11,562 


New Zealand 




4,689 


Canada _ 


1,445 


1,445 


New Hebrides 


1,904 
812 


1,200 
511 


1,200 


All other 




511 








Total .. .... ... 


2,353 


789, 391 


497, 316 


499, 669 








1947 2 


Philippine Republic _ 


21, 006 


1, 344, 724 
7,132 
3,465 


847, 176 
4,493 
2,183 


868, 182 


Japanese Mandated Islands 


4,493 


Indonesia (Netherlands Indies) . .. 




2,183 


Canada 


1, 513 
1,040 


1,513 


Mexico 






1,040 


All other 


















Total 


23, 559 


1, 355, 321 


853, 852 


877, 411 








1948 2 


Philippine Republic 


95, 293 
684 


879, 188 
12, 844 
3,455 


553, 888 
8,092 
2,177 


649, 181 


Indonesia (Netherlands Indies) 


8,776 


Japanese Mandated Islands 


2,177 


Ceylon ... 


8,557 
1,373 
1,156 
1,152 
3 8S1 


8,557 


Mozambique 






1,373 


British Malaya 






1,156 


Canada 






1,152 


Another . . 






881 










Total 


109, 096 


895, 487 


564, 157 


673, 253 







1 Copra converted to oil on basis of 63 percent oil yield. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Includes 543,000 pounds from Siam and 338,000 pounds from Honduras. 

Source; Official statistics of the U. S. Department of Commerce. 

The total annual supply of fats and oils, domestic and imported 
(including butter, lard, tallow, and other animal products, as well as 
vegetable oils), in the United States is now higher than before the 
war. In 1948 it exceeded the average annual supply of 1937-41 by 
about 375 million pounds, the increase in production more than offset- 
ting the decrease in imports and stocks. Domestic disappearance in 
1948 exceeded the average annual domestic disappearance of 1937-41 
by about 720 million pounds. Because of the increase in population, 
however, per capita civilian disappearance was slightly lower in 1948 
than during the prewar period 1937-41. The per capita consump- 
tion of fats and oils for food was lower and for nonfood higher in 
the postwar period than in the prewar period (see table 5) . Domestic 
disappearance probably will be higher in 1949 than it was in 1948, 



14 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



reflecting increased domestic production, although part of the in- 
creased output will probably be exported. 

Table 4. — Coconut oil and copra in terms of oil: ^ Exports from the Philippines 
to the United States and to all countries, 1935-39 and 1946-48 

[In millions of pound?] 



Year 


United States 


All countries 


1935 .. 


647 
586 
641 
668 
655 


714 


1936 . 


754 


1937 . . 


687 


1938 .. 


839 


1939.. 


919 








Average, 1935-39 


639 


783 








1946» 


588 
864 
606 


847 


1947 2.... 


1,418 


1948' 


977 







' Copra converted to oil on basis of 63 percent oil yield. 
2 Preliminary. 

Source: Official statistics of the U. S. Departments of Agriculture and Commerce. 

Table 5.— Fats and oils: United States supply and disappearance, average, 
1937-41, annual, 1946-48 



Item 


Average, 
1937-41 


19461 


1947 1 


1948 1 




Total supply and disappearance (million 
pounds) 


Production from domestic materials 

Stocks of primary fats and oils, January 1 (crude basis). 
Imports of oil and factory production of oil from im- 
ported materials ... 


8,208 
2,218 

1,974 


8,853 
1,726 

819 


9,934 
1,266 

1,344 


10, 217 
1,293 

1,263 






Total supply 


12,400 


211,397 


» 12, 545 


12, 773 






Exports, reexports, and shipments to U. S. territories.. 
Stocks of primary fats and oils, December 31 (crude 
basis).. 


448 
2,303 


876 
1,266 


884 
1,293 


644 
1,676 










Domestic disappearance 


9,647 


9. 285 10, 348 


10, 365 








Per capita civilian disappearance, fat content 
(pounds) 


Food 


46 40 
24 24 


42 
27 


42 


Nonfood 


26 






Total 


70 64 


69 


68 











1 Preliminary. 

2 Because of rounding, figures do not add to the total shown. 

Source: U. S. Department of Agriculture, Fats and Oils Situation. 

Prices of fats and oils have declined substantially during recent 
months. In January 1949 prices of most fats and oils in the United 
States were the lowest since the end of price ceilings in October 1946, 
and prices of some were slightly below the 1946 ceiling levels. The 
index of 26 major fats and oils (excluding butter) in January 1949 
was 192 (1935-39=100) compared with 240 in November 1948 and 
an average of 278 in October 1947-September 1948. The wartime 
ceiling on coconut oil, crude. Pacific Coast, after adding the 3-cents- 
per-pound processing tax, was 11 cents per pound in 1945; the price 
averaged about 26 cents per pound, October 1947-Septeinber 1948, and 
has since declined to about 17 cents (March 1949). 



Appendix to Report to the President 

Proclamation by the President of July 27, 1949 

TERMINATION OF THE SUSPENSION OF ADDITIONAL PROCESSING TAX 
ON CERTAIN COCONUT OIL 



By the President of the United States of America 

A Proclamation 

Whereas section 2470(a) (2) of the Internal Revenue Code, as amended 
(26 U. S. C. (1946) 2470(a) (2) ), provides as follows : 

"Additional rate on coconut oil. There shall be imposed (in addition to 
the tax imposed by the preceding paragraph) a tax of 2 cents i)er pound, to 
be paid by the processor, upon the first domestic processing of coconut oil 
or of any combination or mixture containing a substantial quantity of coconut 
oil with respect to which oil there has been no previous first domestic process- 
ing, except that the tax imposed by this sentence shall not apply when it is 
established, in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Commissioner 
with the approval of the Secretary, that such coconut oil (whether or not 
contained in such a combination or mixture), (A) is wholly the production 
of the Philippine Islands or any possession of the United States, or (B) was 
produced wholly from materials the growth or production of the Philippine 
Islands or any possession of the United States * * *" ; 

Whereas section 505(b) of the Philippine Trade Act of 1946 (60 Stat. 157, 
22 U. S. C. (1946) 1355) provides as follows : 

"Suspension of Section 2Jt'^0{a) {2) of Internal Revenue Code. Whenever 
the President, after consultation with the President of the Philippines, finds 
that adequate supplies of neither copra nor coconut oil, the product of the 
Philippines, are readily available for processing in the United States, he 
shall so proclaim, and after the date of such proclamation the provisions of 
section 2470 (a)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code shall be suspended until • 
the expiration of 30 days after he proclaims that, after consultation with 
the President of the Philippines, he has found that such adequate supplies 
are so readily available" ; 

Whereas, after consultation with the President of the Philippines, the President 
issued a Proclamation (No. 2693) dated June 27, 1946 (60 Stat. 1349) pursuant 
to the said section 505(b) of the Philippine Trade Act of 1946 that adequate 
supplies of neither copra nor coconut oil, the product of the Philippines, were 
readily available for processing in the United States and the provisions of section 
2470(a) (2) of the Internal Revenue Code were accordingly suspended; and 

Whereas I have consulted with the President of the Philippines concerning 
the supplies of copra and coconut oil, the product of the Philippines, which are 
available for processing in the United States, and have found that such adequate 
supplies are now readily available : 

Now, Therefore, I, Harry S. Truman, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim that, after consultation with the President of the 
Philippines, I have found that adequate supplies of copra and coconut oil, the 
product of the Philippines, are readily available for processing in the United 
States. Upon the expiration of 30 days after the date of this proclamation the 
suspension of the provisions of section 2470(a) (2) of the Internal Revenue Code 
effected by said proclamation of June 27, 1946, will be terminated so that on 
and after August 27, 1949, the processing tax provided for in that section will 
be applicable. 

In Witness Whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the 
United States of America to be afiixed. 

Done at the City of Washington this twenty-seventh day of July in the year 
of our Lord nineteen hundred and forty-nine, and of the Independence of the 
United States of America the one hundred and seventy-fourth. 

[No. 2847] 

Harry S. Truman. 
By the President : 
Dean Acheson, 

Secretary of State. 

15 



NOTE TO LIBRARIANS 
Here is an index card for this publication 

The sample main catalog card with suggested subject headings 
which appears below is presented by the Tariff Commission as a con- 
venience to expedite the placing of this document in the hands of your 
readers. 

Many libraries file their documents by the Government Printing 
Office classification number which appears in the United States Gov- 
ernment Puhlications Monthly Catalog. This scheme automatically 
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it will note that the GPO classification number appears on the card 
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fied book collection. It is therefore suggested that, whenever possible, 
all subject material be classified with like material in the regular 
classification scheme used in your library. 



U. S. Tariff commission. 

Processing tax on certain coconut oil . . . Washington, 
U. S. Govt, print, off., 1949. 

17 pp., tables. 23'^"'. Report no. 165, Second series) 

Contents. — Report of May 28, 1946, and Proclamation by the Presi- 
dent of June 27, 1946. Report to the President of April 6, 1949, and 
Proclamation by tlie President of July 27, 1949. 

1. Coconut oil — Taxation. 2. Copra — Taxation. I. Title. 
TC 1.9 : 165 • 



o 



17 



OTHER RECENT REPORTS OF THE UNITED STATES TARIFF 

COMMISSION 



TRADE PROBLEMS OF THE AMERICAN REPUBLICS 



Economic Controls and Commercial Policy 



Argentina, 150 

Bolivia, 100 

Brazil, 200 
♦Chile 

Colombia, 150 
*Costa Rica 



♦Argentina 

♦Bolivia 

♦Brazil 

♦Chile 

♦Colombia 

♦Costa Rica 



Cuba, 150 
Dominican Re- 
public, 150 
Ecuador, 100 
El Salvador, 150 



Guatemala, 100 
Haiti, 100 
Honduras, 100 
Mexico, 150 
Nicaragua, 100 



Alining and Manufacturing Industries 



Cuba, 200 
Dominican Re- 
public, 150 
♦Ecuador 
El Salvador, 150 



♦Guatemala 

♦Haiti 

♦Honduras 
Mexico, 250 
Nicaragua, 100 



Panama, 100 
♦Paraguay 
Peru, 150 
Uruguay, 150 
Venezuela, 150 



♦Panama 
Paraguay, 100 
♦Peru 
♦Uruguay 
♦Venezuela 



Agricultural, Pastoral^ and Forest Industries 



Argentina, 250 
Brazil, 200 



♦Chile 
♦Colombia 



Cuba, 200 
Mexico, 250 



♦Venezuela 



♦Chile 



Recent Developments in Foreign Trade 
Colombia, 200 ♦Venezuela 



MISCELLANEOUS REPORTS 

United States Import Duties (1948), $2 
*Thirty-Third Annual Report of the United States Tariff Commission (1949) 



NOTE.— The reports preceded by an asterisk (*) are in press and will be available shortly. 
Those followed by a price may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents. U. S. 
Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C. See inside front cover for list of additional 
reports. These and other reports issued by the United States Tariff Commission may also be 
consulted in the official depository libraries throughout the United States. 




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INFORMATION about these and other Federal 
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the Federal Register, the National Archives Estab- 
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