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Full text of "Synthetic organic chemicals : United States production and sales"

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UNITED STATES TARIFF TOMMISSIOX 



SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

United States Production 
and Sales, 1953 



[GPO CI. No. Report No. 194 

TC 1.9: 194] * Second Series 




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UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



United States Production 
and Sales, 1953 



UNDER THE GENERAL PROVISIONS 
OF TITLE III, PART II, SECTIONS 332 
AND 333 OF THE TARIFF ACT OF 1930 



UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON : 1954 



Report No. 194 • Second Series 



Boston Public Library 
Guperintcndent of Documents 

SEP 28 1954 

UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

EdgAK B. BkoSSARD, Chairman 

Joseph E. Talbot, Vice Chairman 
Oscar B. Kydek 
Lynn K. Edminstek 
Walter K. Schreiber 

DONN N. Bent, Secretary 



Address all communications 

UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Washington 25, D. C. 



ACKNOWLEDGMENT 

In the preparation of this report, the Commission had the services of 

James H. Hibben, Henry O. Parsons, Deborah K. Emory, 

Frank Gonet, Pauline T. Eno, and others of its staff 



For 8ale by the Superintendent of Documents U. S. Government Printing Office 
Washington 25 D. C. - Price 55 cents 



CONTENTS 

Page 

Introduction v 

Summary vii 

PART I. PRODUCTION AND SALES OF TARS, TAR CRUDES, 
AND CRUDES DERIVED FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS 

Tars 1 

Tar crudes 2 

Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical 

conversion '■ ^ 



PART II. PRODUCTION AND SALES OF INTERMEDIATES AND 
FINISHED SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, BY GROUPS 

General 9 

Cyclic intermediates 13 

Dyes 1^ 

Toners and lakes 29 

Medicinals 3Z 

Flavor and perfume materials 37 

Plastics and resin materials 39 

Rubber-processing chemicals 44 

Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) 45 

Plasticizers 46 

Surface -active agents 48 

Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals 51 

Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals 52 

PART III. ALPHABETICAL LIST OF INDIVIDUAL PRODUCTS, 
BY GROUPS, AND NAMES OF MANUFACTURERS 

Tar crudes 57 

Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical 

conversion 58 

Cyclic intermediates 60 

Dyes 77 

Toners and lakes 94 

Medicinals 99 

Flavor and perfume materials 112 

Plastics and resin materials 117 

Rubber-processing chemicals 121 

Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) 123 

Plasticizers 123 

Surface -active agents 126 

Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals 133 

Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals 136 

Directory of manufacturers 152 

APPENDIX 

A. United States imports of coal-tar intermediates and 

finished coal-tar products lo7 

B. Research workers and research expenditures in the 

synthetic organic chemical industry loo 

C. Glossary of synonymous names of cyclic intermediates lo9 

D. Production and sales of cellulose plastics 181 

iii 



INTRODUCTION 

This is the thirty- seventh annual report of the United States 
Tariff Commission on production and sales in the United States of 
synthetic organic chemicals and the raw materials from which they 
are made. The report gives statistics, for 1953, on the production 
and sales of crude brganic chemicals derived from coal, natural 
gas, and petroleum; intermediates; and finished synthetic organic 
chemical products. The finished products are grouped according to 
their principal use--dyes, toners and lakes, medicinals, flavor 
and perfume materials, plastics and resin materials, rubber-proc- 
essing chemicals, elastomers, plasticizers, surface -active agents, 
pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals, and miscel- 
laneous chemicals. With a few exceptions, the report does not 
cover organic chemicals (such as wood-distillation products, 
essential oils, and naval stores) that are derived from natural 
(vegetable) sources by simple extraction or distillation. The 
Commission has compiled the statistics presented in this report 
from information supplied by more than 600 primary manufacturers 
listed in part III. 

The raw materials covered in this report are obtained from coal, 
crude petroleum, natural gas, and certain other natural materials 
such as vegetable oils, fats, rosin, and grains. Thermal decom- 
position of coal yields coal-tar crudes and other raw materials. 
Crude organic chemicals are derived also from petroleum and 
natural gas by catalytic cracking, followed by distillation or ab- 
sorption, and from other natural sources by fermentation. Pro- 
duction of these crude organic chemicals is the first step in the 
manufacture of synthetic organic chemicals. From these crudes, 
intermediates are obtained by synthesis or refining; most of the 
intermediates then are converted into finished chemical products, 
such as medicinals, plastics and resin materials, and dyes. 
Intermediates usually are not sold directly to the ultimate consumer, 
but are used by the producing companies themselves, or by other 
industrial concerns, in their nnanufacturing processes. 

In this report, the statistics on production include the total 
output of the reporting companies' plants --the materials produced 
for consumption within the plants, as well as those produced for 
sale. The quantities reported as produced, therefore, generally 
exceed the quantities reported as sold, although changes in in- 
ventory may account for some differences. No chemical is reported 
as produced, however, unless it has been withdrawn from the 
reaction system. Sales are actual sales of commodities- -by 
original manufacturers only- -accompanied by passage of title. 
The value of sales is the net selling value, f.o.b. plant or warehouse. 

Data on the chemicals covered in the report usually are given 
in terms of undiluted materials. Principal exceptions are the 
statistics on dyes and a few solvents, which are reported in terms 
of commercial concentrations, and those on certain plastics and 
resins, which are reported on a dry basis. The report specifically 



Vi INTRODUCTION 

notes those products for which the statistics are reported in terms 
of commercial concentrations. 

The average unit values of sales for groups of products shown 
in the tables accompanying this report are weighted averages for 
products which vary w^idely in unit values and in the quantities 
sold. 

Statistics on tars and tar crudes include data furnished directly 
to the Tariff Commission by distillers of coal tar, water-gas tar, 
and oil-gas tar; data furnished to the Coal Economics Division of 
the United States Bureau of Mines by coke-oven operators; and 
data furnished to the American Gas Association by producers of 
water-gas and oil-gas tar. 

Statistics on United States imports in 1953 of coal-tar inter- 
mediates and finished coal-tar products which entered under 
paragraphs 27 and 28 of the Tariff Act of 1930 are given in ap- 
pendix A. Appendix B includes a table showing the number of 
technical research workers in the synthetic organic chemical 
industry and the cost of research in the industry. Appendix C is 
a glossary of the common (or trivial) names of coal-tar inter- 
mediates usually encountered in the trade, together with their 
equivalent standard (or Chemical Abstracts) names. Appendix D 
summarizes the data on production and sales of cellulose plastics 
that were reported to the Commission monthly during 1953. 



SUMMARY 

Combined production of all synthetic organic chennicals (in- 
cluding their raw materials) in 1953 was 60,759 million pounds -- 
15.5 percent more than that in 1952 (see table 1). Sales in 1953 
totaled 35, 037 million pounds, valued at 4,587 million dollars--an 
increase of 14.9 percent in quantity and 7.1 percent in value, com- 
pared with 1952. As these totals include the data for several suc- 
cessive steps in the manufacturing process, they necessarily 
include much duplication. 

The output of tars from all sources in 1953 was 9,007 million 
pounds (901 million gallons)-- 13.6 percent more than in 1952. 
Production of tar crudes in 1953 totaled 11,476 million pounds, 
compared with 10,701 million pounds in l952--an increase of 7.2 
percent. Sales of tar crudes in 1953 totaled 7,105 million pounds, 
valued at 204 nnillion dollars. The output in 1953 of crude products 
from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion totaled 
11,147 million pounds--an increase of 41.7 percent from the 7,867 

TABLE 1, --Synthetic organic chemicals and their raw materials: United States production and sales, 

1952 and 1953 



In- 
crease, 
or de- 
crease 

(-), 
1953 
over 
1952^ 



Quantity 



In- 
crease, 
or de- 
crease 

(-), 
1953 
over 



In- 
crease, 

or de- 
crease 

(-), 

1953 

over 

19521 



Grand total^- 



pounds 

52,618 



60,759 



30,502 



Uillion 
pounds 

35,037 



dollars 
4,282 



lollars 
4,587 



Xar 

Tar crudes-' 

Crude products from 
petroleum and natural 
gas 

Synthetic organic chemi- 
cals, total 



7,931 
10,701 



7,867 
26,119 



9,007 
11,476 



11, 147 



29,129 



13.6 
7.2 



4,327 
7,059 



4,732 



14,384 



4,994 
7,105 



7,301 



15,637 



15.4 
.7 



8.7 



50 
204 



19.0 
6.3 



6.5 



Intermediates 

Dyes 

Toners and lakes 

Mediclnals ~— 

Flavor and perfume 

materials 

Plastics and resin 

materials 

Ruhber-processing chem- 
icals 

Elastomers (synthetic 

rubbers ) 

Plasticizers 

Surface-active agents- 
Pesticides and other 
organic agricultural 

chemicals 

Miscellaneous chemicals 



4,171 
145 
39 
67 

28 

2,333 

127 

1,889 
268 
741 

418 
15,893 



4,699 
166 
44 
67 

34 

2,777 

145 

1,958 
293 
921 



356 
17, 669 



12.6 
14.2 
13.6 



19.0 

13.7 

3.7 

9.4 

24.3 



-14.8 
11.2 



1,544 
149 
36 
51 

27 

2,045 

94 

2,003 
202 
612 

331 
7,290 



1,874 
152 
37 
54 

31 

2,372 

103 

1,909 
235 
732 

334 
7,804 



21.4 
2.1 
2.8 
6.8 

17.3 

16.0 

9.5 

-4.7 
16.2 
19.6 



290 
171 



727 

54 

549 

75 

120 

133 
1,145 



341 
168 



47 
838 
60 

529 

83 
145 

118 
1,236 



17.6 
-1.9 
14.9 
-4.8 

17.1 

15.2 

11.7 

-3.5 

10.8 
21.1 

-11.1 
7.9 



1 Percentages calculated on figures rounded to thousands. 

^ This total involves much duplication. 

' Excludes products derived from petroleum. 



Vll 



viii SUMMARY 

million pounds reported for 1952, Sales of these products in 1953 
were 7,301 million pounds, valued at 303 million dollars. 

Production of all synthetic organic chemicals in 1953 (excluding 
the raw materials mentioned above) totaled 29,129 million pounds -- 
a total that also involves considerable duplication. This output 
represents an increase of 11.5 percent from the 26,119 million 
pounds produced in 1952. Compared with that in 1952, the volume 
of output of 9 of the 11 individual groups of finished synthetic 
organic chemicals and that of the group of intermediates increased 
in 1953; the output of 2 groups declined. Production of surface - 
active agents in 1953 increased to 921 million pounds from the 741 
million pounds reported for 1952- -an increase of 24. 3 percent. 
Production of flavor and perfume materials increased to 34 million 
pounds (or by 22. 1 percent); plastics and resin materials, to 2,777 
million pounds (or b^ 19.0 percent); dyes, to 166 million pounds 
(or by 14.2 percent); rubber-processing chemicals, to 145 million 
pounds (or by 13.7 percent); toners and lakes, to 44 million pounds 
(or by 13.6 percent); intermediates, to 4,699 million pounds (or by 
12,6 percent); miscellaneous chemicals, to 17,669 million pounds 
(or by 11.2 percent); plasticizers, to 293 million pounds (or by 9.4 
percent); and elastomers, to 1,958 million pounds (or by 3.7 per- 
cent). 

Production of pesticides and other organic agricultural chemi- 
cals declined to 356 million pounds in 1953 (or by 14.8 percent 
compared with that in 1952). The output of medicinals in 1953- -67 
million pounds- -represents a decline of 0.3 percent from that in 
1952. 



PART I. PRODUCTION AND SALES OF TARS, TAR CRUDES, AND 
CRUDES DERIVED FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS 

Tars 

Coal tar is produced chiefly by the steel industry as a byprod- 
uct of the manufacture of coke. Water-gas tar and oil-gas tar are 
produced by the fuel-gas industry. Production of coal tar, there- 
fore, depends on the demand for steel; production of water-gas tar 
and oil-gas tar reflects the consumption of manufactured gas for 
industrial and household use. Water-gas and oil-gas tars have 
properties intermediate betv/een those of petroleum asphalts and 
coal tars. Petroleum asphalts are not usually considered to be 
raw materials for chemicals. 

The quantity of tar produced in the United States from all 
sources in 1953 was 901 million gallons, or 13.6 percent more 
than the output in 1952. Of the total quantity produced in 1953, 



-Tar: United States production and consumption, 1952 and 1953 

[In thousands of gallons] 



Total 

Water-gas and oil-gas tar-"- 

Coal tar, ^ total 

Coal tar from coke-oven byproduct plants, total- 

Plants not owned by city gas companies 

Plants owned by city gas companies (public utilities) - 
Coal tar from coal-gas retort plants 



CONSUMPTION 



Total- 



Tar consumed by distillation, total — 

Water-gas and oil-gas tar distilled by producers and tar distillers* — 
Coal tar distilled or topped by coke-oven operators^—-- — -——.—— 
Coal tar distilled by tar distillers' 



Tar consumed chiefly as fuel, total-- ______ 

Water-gas and oil-gas tar consumed as fuel'- 



Coal tar sold or consumed as fuel by coke-oven operators^- 

As fuel under boilers 

In open-hearth or affiliated plants 

Sold as fuel by coke-oven operators to affiliates 

Sold as fuel by coke-oven operators to others 



Tar consumed otherwise than by distillation or as fuel, total- 
Coal tar from retort plants sold for consumption^ 

Coal tar consumed at coke-oven plants for roads and upkeep^_ 



Coal tar, water-gas tar, and oil-gas tar processed at tar refineries, 
crude tar consumed for upkeep at such refineries, and tar consumed in 
making gas and in special-purpose tar blends' 



793,087 



88,282 
704,805 



703,890 

672,126 

31,76A 

915 



25; 274 
219,892 
226,520 

134,930 

id, hi 

114,592 
1,666 

107,734 

5,022 

170 

64,324 



9g3" 
,758 



67,290 
833,381 



828; 725 

802,044 

26,685 

3 4,652 



641,720 
41,557 
254,448 
345,315 

153,991 
9,667 

144,324 
3,152 

124,181 
12,536 
4,455 

82.040 
?7329 



^ Reported to the American Gas Association. 

^ Reported to the U. S. Bureau of Mines, Department of the Interior. 

^ Includes low-temperature carbonization tar not included in 1952. 

* Reported to U. S. Tariff Commission. 

' Represents tar purchased from companies operating coke ovens and gas-retort plants and distilled by 
companies operating tar-distillation plants. 

* Reported to the American Gas Association and to the U. S. Tariff Commission. 



2 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

about 833 million gallons was coal tar and 67 million gallons was 
water-gas and oil-gas tars (see table 2). The corresponding 
figures for 1952 were 705 million gallons of coal tar and 88 million 
gallons of water-gas and oil-gas tars. The decline in output of 
water-gas tar and oil-gas tar in 1953 was the result of further 
displacement of manufactured gas by natural gas- -particularly in 
the eastern part of the United States. 

Of the total consumption of tar in 1953 (878 million gallons), 
642 million gallons was consumed by distillation, 154 million 
gallons was consumed as fuel, and 82 million gallons was con- 
sumed in miscellaneous uses such as refinery upkeep and the 
making of special road-tar blends. 

The total quantity of tar distilled in 1953 was 170 million 
gallons greater than in 1952; the quantity consumed as fuel was 
19 million gallons greater. In 1953 the quantity of tar distilled or 
topped by coke-oven operators was 254 million gallons, compared 
with 345 million gallons distilled by tar distillers. 

Tar Crudes 

Tar crudes, the most important of \vhich are benzene, toluene, 
xylene, and naphthalene, are derived from coke-oven gas and by 
distilling coal tar, water-gas tar, and oil-gas tar. Some products 
identical with those derived from coal tar are also derived from 
petroleum and natural gas; these latter materials are, for the 
most part, included in the statistics on tar crudes which are 
given in tables 3 and 4A. 

The total production of specification and industrial grades of 
benzene in 1953 amounted to 273 million gallons, compared with 
252 million gallons in 1952. These totals include benzene pro- 
duced from tar, from domestic and imported crude light oil, from 
petroleum, and from imported motor-grade benzene. Sales of 
benzene in 1953 amounted to 233 million gallons, valued at 96 
million dollars, compared with 217 million gallons, valued at 
83 million dollars, in 1952. Coke-oven operators accounted for the 
largest part of the benzene production in 1953 (178 million gallons); 
production of nnotor-grade benzene by these operators amounted 
to slightly more than 1 million gallons. The output of toluene from 
all sources in 1953 amounted to 156 million gallons, an increase 
of 48. 4 percent from the 105 million gallons produced in 1952. 
Sales of toluene in 1953 totaled 130 million gallons, valued at 39 
million dollars, compared with 88 million gallons, valued at 25 
million dollars, in 1952. Petroleum sources accounted for about 
74 percent of the total output of toluene in 1953. 

Production of xylene in 1953 amounted to 113 million gallons, 
compared with 72 million gallons in 1952. Sales of xylene in 1953 
were 66 million gallons, valued at 17 million dollars, compared 
with 58 million gallons, valued at 14 million dollars, in 1952. In 
1953, more than 90 percent of the xylene produced was from 
peti-oleum sources. Production of naphthalene in 1953 was 276 
million pounds, or 14.5 percent less than the output of 322 million 
pounds reported for 1952. Sales in 1953 amounted to 200 million 
pounds, valued at 11 million dollars. 



^ See also table 4B, part III, which lists these products and identifies the manufacturers. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



TABLE 3. --Tar and tar crudes: Summary of production and sales of sped fied products , average 1948-52, annual 

1952 and 1953 



Chemical^ 



Unit 

of 

quantity 



Average 
1948-52 



Increase, or decrease 
(-) 



1953 
over 
1948-52 



1953 
over 
1952 



Tar: Productions- 
Benzene : 

Production 

Sales 

Value of sales- 
Motor benzene: 

Produc tion 

Sales 

Value of sales- 
Toluene : 

Production 

Sales 

Value of sales- 
Xylene : 

Production 

Sales 

Value of sales- 
Naphthalene : 

Production 

Sales 

Value of sales- 
Creosote oil: 

Produc tion 

Sales 

Value of sales- 



1,000 gal— 

1,000 gal~ 
1,000 gal— 
1,000 dol— 

1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 
1,000 dol— 

1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 
1,000 dol— 

1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal — 
1,000 dol— 

1,000 lb 

1,000 lb 

1,000 dol — 

1,000 gal — 
1,000 gal — 
1,000 dol — 



930,218 

202,134 
181,565 
53,451 

' 13,295 
^ 12,122 
^ 1, 960 

91,159 
77,681 
19,869 

67,581 
51,227 
12,003 

306,051 
211,195 
11,342 

141,800 
133,873 
23,814 



793,087 

251,667 
216,998 
83,210 

(*) 
(*) 

105,297 
87,507 
24,890 

71,727 
57,810 
14,060 

322,485 
209, 765 
12,219 

138,722 
139,681 
25,476 



900,671 

272,74^ 
232,701 
95,765 

5 1,160 
= 1,150 
5 184 

156,248 
130,222 
39,244 

113,474 
65,588 
16,968 

275, 799 
200,086 

11,100 

145,300 
125,285 
25,020 



34.9 
28.2 
79.2 



71.4 
67.6 
97.5 

67.9 
28.0 

41.4 

-8.9 
-5.3 

-2.1 



8.4 
7.2 
15.1 



48.4 
48.8 
57.7 

58.2 
13.5 
20.7 

-14.5 
-4.6 
-9.2 

4.7 
-10.3 



^ For details concerning statistics shown in this table, see table 4A. 

Includes data for oil-gas and water-gas tar reported to the American Gas Association and for coal tar 
reported to the Coal Economics Division, U. S. Bureau of Mines. 
4-year average. 
* Production and sales of motor benzene in 1952 were negligible. 
Includes data for coke-oven operators only. 

In 1953 the output of creosote oil ( a mixture of xylenols and 
cresols and their homologues and derivatives, and of anthracene 
oil, naphthalene, and some phenols), which is used chiefly in 
wood preserving, amounted to 145 million gallons- -somewhat 
more than the 139 million gallons produced in 1952. The output 
of road tar in 1953 was 110 million gallons, compared with 112 
million gallons in 1952. 

Some of the products included in the statistics given in table 
4A are derived from other products, data for which are also 
included. The statistics, therefore, involve some duplication, and 
for this reason group totals and grand totals are not given. After 
as much duplication as possible has been eliminated, it is esti- 
mated that in 1953 the net value of production of these products 
and of tar burned as fuel was 344 million dollars, compared with 
282 million dollars in 1952, and 314 million dollars in 1951. 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 4A. --organic chemicals: United States production and sales of tar crudes, 1953 

[Listed below are all tar crudes for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. Table 
<iB in part III lists separately all products for which data on production or sales were reported and iden- 
tifies the manufacturers reporting to the U. S. Tariff Commission ] 



Crude light oil 

Intermediate light oil: Coke-oven operators 

Light-oil distillates: 

Benzene, specification and industrial 

grades, total 

Tar distillers^ 



Coke-oven operators- 
Petroleimi operators- 



Benzene, motor grade, coke-oven operators- 
Toluene, all grades, total 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

Xylene, all grades, total 

Tar distillers 



Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

Solvent naphtha, total 

Tar distillers 



Coke-oven operators ~ 

Other light-oil distillates, total — 
Tar distillers 



Coke-oven operators- 



Pyridine crude bases (dry basis) : Coke-oven 
operators-— 



Naphthalene, crude (solidifying at less than 

79° C.),^ total 

Tar distillers 



Coke-oven operators- 



Crude tar-acid oils: 
Tar distillers 



Coke-oven operators 

Cresylic acid, crude (less than 755t distilling 
over 215° C): Tar distillers 



Creosote oil (Dead oil),* total- 
Tar distillers: 

Sold or consimied as such- 



Unit 
of 

quantity 



Sold or consumed in coal-tar solution — 
Coke-oven operators: 
Distillate as suoh- 
In coal-tar solution- 



Coal tar sold or consumed in coal-tar solution: 
Tar distillers 



All other distillate products' 

Tar, road — 

Tar (crude and refined) for other uses* 

Pitch of tar: ' 

Soft and medium, total ■-■ ■ - 

Soft (Water softening point less than 
110° F. ASTM D61-2i)- 



Medium (Water softening point 
110° F. to 160° F.)- 



1,000 
1,000 



1,000 
1,000 
1,000 
1,000 
1,000 
1,000 
1,000 
1,000 
1,000 
1,000 
1,000 
1,000 
1,000 
1,000 
1,000 
1,000 
1,000 
1,000 
1,000 



gal- 
gal- 
gal- 
gal- 



gal- 
gal- 
gal- 
gal- 
gal- 
gal- 
gal- 
gal- 
gal- 



1,000 gal- 



1,000 Ib- 
1,000 lb- 
1,000 Ib- 

1,000 gal- 
1,000 gaL 



Hard (Water softening point above 160 F.) — 
Pitch of tar coke and pitch emulsion 



1,000 lb 

1,000 gal~ 

1,000 gal~ 
1,000 gal~ 

1,000 gal~ 
1,000 gal~ 

1,000 gal~ 
1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 

1,000 tons- 

1,000 tons- 

1,000 tons- 
1,000 tons- 
1,000 tons- 



Produc- 
tion 



304,091 
1,062 



272, VW 

32, 108 

177,593 

63,043 

1,160 

156,248 

4,677 

36,036 

115,535 

113,474 

660 

9,928 

102,886 

15,661 

9,376 

6,285 

14,657 

8,560 

6,097 

551 



162,862 
112,937 



2,945 
24,812 



4,537 
145,300 



Quantity Value 



83,368 
19,605 

31,343 
5,984 

8,370 
18,469 
109,832 
36,415 

1,174 

641 

533 
710 
38 



23,898 
1,065 



232,701 

19,224 

172,406 

41,071 

1,150 

130,222 

3,866 

35,445 

90,911 

65,588 

580 

9,759 

55,249 

15,389 

9,321 

6,068 

11,410 

8,153 

3,257 

456 



108,544 
91,542 



23,691 



125,285 



5,610 
204 



95,765 

8,496 

66,479 

20,790 

184 

39,244 

1,307 

11,075 

26, 862 

16,968 

213 

3,118 

13,637 

5,804 

4,281 

1,523 

3,512 

3,064 

448 

963 



11,100 



68,329 
20,012 

31,303 
5,641 

8,523 
16,537 
95,677 
36,095 

602 



6,713 
4,387 



298 
6,147 



25,020 



14,092 
3,945 

6,031 
952 

1,186 
3,217 
14,278 
7,585 

21,061 



12,812 
1,242 



Unit 
value^ 



$0.24 
.19 



.39 
.51 
.16 
.30 
.34 
.31 
.30 
.26 
.37 
.32 
.25 
.38 



.31 
.38 
.14 



.05 
.06 
.05 



.43 
.26 



31.25 
34.50 



^ Unit value per gallon, pound, or ton, according to the unit specified; calculated on rounded figures. 

^ Includes data for benzene distilled from imported crude light oil. 

^ Statistics represent the combined production and sales of the three commercial grades of crude naphthalene 
to avoid disclosiire of individual company operations. As there is some conversion between grades of crude 
naphthalene, the published totals necessarily include some duplication. 

* The statistics include data only for material sold for or consumed in wood preserving. The figures do not 
represent the total distillate that could be used as creosote oil, from which other products are extracted. 

' Includes data for neutral and high-boiling oils, shingle-stain oil, crude and semirefined pyridine, and 
other products produced by tar distillers, and for crude sodium phenolate and oarbolate, produced by coke-oven 
operators . 

* Includes data for tar used or sold for paints, pipe covering, saturating, etc. 

NOTE. — Statistics for materials produced in coke and gas-retort ovens are compiled by the Coal Economics 
Division of the U. S. Bureau of Mines, and those for materials produced in tar and petroleum refineries are 
compiled by the U. S. Tariff Commission. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 5 

Crude Products From Petroleum and Natural Gas 
for Chemical Conversion 

The crude products that are derived from petroleum and natural 
gas are related to the products made from them in much the same 
way that crude products derived from the distillation of coal tar 
are related to their intermediates and finished products. Many of 
the crude products derived from petroleum are identical with those 
derived from coal tar (e. g. , benzene, toluene, and xylene). Con- 
siderable duplication exists in the statistics on the production and 
sales of petroleum crudes, because some of these crude chemicals 
are converted to other crude products derived from petroleum, 
and because data on production and sales may be reported at suc- 
cessive stages in the conversion processes. Notwithstanding these 
duplications, the statistics (see table 5A^ ) are sufficiently accurate 
to indicate trends in the industry, and to serve as a basis for 
general comparison. Many of the crude products for which data 
are included in the statistics may be used as fuel or as basic 
materials from which to derive other chemicals, depending upon 
prevailing economic conditions. In this report, however, every 
effort has been made to exclude data on materials that are used as 
fuels. 

As shown in table 5A, production in 1953 of crude products 
derived from petroleum and natural gas as a group amounted to 
11,147 million pounds--an increase of 41.7 percent from the 7,867 
million pounds reported for 1952. The larger production in 1953 
is accounted for in part by several plants which began operations 
in that year. Sales of crude chemicals from petroleum in 1953 
were 7,301 million pounds, valued at 303 million dollars, com- 
pared with 4,732 million pounds, valued at 265 million dollars, in 
1952. 

Production in 1953 of all aromatic and naphthenic products 
amounted to 2,506 million pounds, compared with 1,605 million 
pounds in 1952--an increase of 56 percent. Sales in 1953 were 
1,795 million pounds, valued at 73 million dollars, an increase 
of 515 million pounds in quantity and 26 million dollars in value, 
compared with 1952. In 1953 production of specification- and 
industrial-grade benzene from petroleum was 462 million pounds, 
compared with 256 million pounds in 1952 (an increase of 81 per- 
cent); the output of toluene from petroleum was 836 million pounds 
in 1953, compared with 464 million pounds in 1952 (an increase 
of 80 percent); and the output of xylene in 1953 was 749 million 
pounds, compared with 444 million pounds in 1952 (an increase 
of 69 percent). The output of naphthenic acids amounted to 23 
million pounds in 1953, compared with 19 million pounds in 1952, 
and that of cresylic acid was 16 million pounds in 1953, compared 
with 14 million pounds in 1952. While these increases can be 
accounted for in part by the production reported by new companies, 
the increased output probably also reflects a greater use of cata- 
lytic re-forming processes by the refiners. 

The output of all aliphatic hydrocarbons and derivatives from 
petroleum and natural gas in 1953 was 8,641 million pounds, com- 
pared with 6,262 million pounds in 1952. Sales of these products 
in 1953 were 5,506 million pounds, valued at 230 million dollars. 



2 See also table 5B, part III, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies 
the manufacturers. 



6 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

TABLE 5 A. --Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of crude products from 
petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion , 1953 

[Listed below are the crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which any 
reported data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are 
confidential and may not be published or where no data were reported.) Table 5B in part III lists 
separately all products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which data on produc- 
tion or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Quantity 



Unit 

value-"- 



Grand total — 



AROMAIICS AND NAPHTHENES^ 



Total- 



Alkyl aromatics, distillates, and solvents- 
Benzene (except motor grade), total 

Benzene , 1° 

Benzene , 2° 

Cresylic acid, crude 

Naphthenic acids, total 

Acid number 225-2^f9 

All Q-ther 

Toluene, all grades, total 

Nitration grade, 1° 

Pure commercial grade, 2° 

All other 



Xylenes, mixed 

All other* 



ALIPHAIIC HmROCARBONS 



C2 hydrocarbons, total- 
Ethane 

Ethylene ' 



C3 hydrocarbons, total 

Propane- 



Propylene and propane-propylene mixture- 



Ci, hydrocarbons, total 

1,3-Butadiene, grade for rubber (elastomers), total- 
Produced for Government account 

Produced for private account 

n-Butane 

1-Butene, 2-butene, and mixtures'- 

Isobutane — 

All other* 

C5 hydrocarbons' 



All other aliphatic hydrocarbons and derivatives, total - 

Dodecene (Tetrapropylene) '■ 

Nonene (Tripropylene)- 



Hydrocarbon derivatives^°- 
All other^^ 



i,000 
pounds 

11,147,060 



2,505,691 



75,975 
386,130 



16,080 
23,123 



10,999 
12,124 



836,473 



192,113 
282,338 
362,022 

749,010 
14,355 



8,641,369 



2,280,363 



144,623 
2,135,740 



1,366,175 
1,222,622 



3.167.169 



1,152,197 
1,051,468 
100,729 
418,144 
906,732 
155,589 
534, 507 

122,048 

482,992 



23,157 
176,926 

60,986 

2,681 

219,242 



7,301,453 



302,939 



1,795,099 



73,007 



399,420 
301,051 



9,123 
20,790 



6,246 



10,557 
3,737 



658,195 



320 
1,541 



166,440 



402,213 
13,680 



5,506,354 



26,862 



7,4^1 



13,637 
734 



229,932 



362,350 



12,761 



108,450 
253,900 



1,186,415 
671,833 



2.868.633 



720 
12,041 



20,221 



1,135,292 

267, 136 
882,803 
151,318 
432,084 

108,908 

308,215 



12,521 
7,700 



183,492 



136,235 

3,199 
26,714 

2,317 
15,027 

2,958 

10,500 



125,100 
4,828 
2,496 

175,791 



4,685 
217 
462 

5,136 



pound 

$0.04 



.03 



^ Calculated on rounded figures. 

The chemical raw materials designated as aromatics are in some cases identical with -those obtained from 
the distillation of coal tar. However, the statistics given in the above table relate only to such materials 
as are derived from petroleum and natural gas. 
^ Includes a small amount of 90-peroent benzene. 

Includes data for motor-grade benzene, cyclopentane, dicyclopentadiene, petroleum phenols, sodium 
carbolate and phenolate, and hydrocarbon polymers. 

Includes a small amount of ethylene from coke-oven gas. 
* Partly estimated. 

'' The statistics represent the butene content of crude refinery gases from which butadiene is manufactured. 
Includes data for isobutene, 1-butene, 2-butene, butane-butylene, and butadiene-butene mixtures and 
concentrates . 

' Includes data for isoprene, pentanes, pentenes, and mixtures. 
^° Includes data for di-tert-butyldisulfide, miscellaneous mercaptans, and mixed alkanesulfonic and 
aliphatic acids. 

^^ Includes data for acetylene, hexanes, heptanes and heptenes, methane, octanes and ootenes, polybuteno, 
eicosane, and hydrocarbon mixtures. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, i953 7 

compared with 3,451 million pounds, valued at 219 million dollars, 
in 1952. Production of ethylene in 1953 was 2,136 million pounds, 
compared with 1,809 million pounds in 1952. The output of propane, 
propylene, and propane-propylene nnixture in 1953 was 2,589 
million pounds, compared with 1,576 million pounds in 1952. The 
production of 1, 3 -butadiene in 1953 was 1,152 million pounds, 
compared with 1,106 million pounds in 1952; this product is one of 
the principal ingredients of GR-S or Buna-S type synthetic rubber. 



I 



PART II. PRODUCTION AND SALES OF INTERMEDIATES AND 
FINISHED SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, BY GROUPS 

General 

On the basis of their principal uses, the synthetic organic 
chennicals covered in this report are classified as intermediates 
and as finished products. Finished products, in turn, are grouped 
as follows: Dyes, toners and lakes, medicinals, flavor and per- 
fume materials, plastics and resin materials, rubber-processing 
chemicals, elastomers (synthetic rubbers), plasticizers, surface- 
active agents, pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals, 
and miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals. Most of these 
groups are further subdivided, according to chemical classes, 
into cyclic and acyclic compounds. 

As many of the intermediates are used in the manufacture of 
finished products, aggregate figures which cover both inter- 
mediates and finished products necessarily include much dupli- 
cation. 

The total production of all synthetic organic chemicals (in- 
termediates and finished products combined) was 29,129 million 
pounds in 1953, or 3,010 million pounds more than the output 
in 1952 (see table 6), and 1,630 million pounds more than the 
previous record output of 27,499 million pounds in 1951. Sales in 
1953 totaled 15,637 million pounds, valued at 4,030 million dollars, 
compared with sales of 14,384 million pounds, valued at 3,783 
million dollars, in 1952. Production of all cyclic products in 1953 
totaled 9,637 million pounds, or 10.9 percent more than in 1952. 
The output of cyclic intermediates in 1953 was 4,699 million 
pounds, connpared with 4,171 million pounds in 1952--an increase 
of 12.6 percent. Production of all finished cyclic products in 1953 
was 4,939 million pounds, or 9.4 percent more than in 1952. Pro- 
duction in 1953 of finished acyclic products and acyclic inter- 
mediates (included with acyclic miscellaneous chemicals) totaled 
19,491 million pounds, or 11.8 percent more than the 17,433 
million pounds produced in 1952. 

Of the individual groups of finished synthetic organic chemicals, 
six increased in volunne of production in 1953, compared with 1952, 
in both cyclic and acyclic categories. These six groups (and their 
percentage increases) are as follows: Surface-active agents (cyclic, 
24.4 percent, and acyclic, 24.3 percent); flavor and perfume ma- 
terials (cyclic, 18.6 percent, and acyclic, 26.6 percent); plas- 
tics and resin materials (cyclic, 18.8 percent, and acyclic, 19.3 
percent); rubber-processing chemicals (cyclic, 12.6 percent, and 
acyclic, 19.9 percent); elastomers (cyclic, 1.5 percent, and acyclic, 
9.7 percent); and miscellaneous chemicals (cyclic, 10.9 percent, 
and acyclic, 11.2 percent). T'he cyclic component of the medicinal 
group declined 8.6 percent in 1953, compared with 1952, whereas 
the acyclic component increased 41.5 percent. For pesticides and 
other organic agricultural chemicals, the output of the cyclic 

313486 O - 54 - 2 9 



10 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 6'--Syntbetxc organic chemicals: Summary of United States production end sales of intermediates 
and finished products, average 1948-52, xinual 1952 and 1953 

[Production and sales in thousands of pounds; sales value in thousands of dollars] 



Average 
19i8-52 



Increase, or 
decrease (-) 



1953 
over 

ig-vs-sa 



Production, grand total 

Sales, grand total 

Sales value, grand total 

I. ORGANIC CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 

Production, total 

Sales , total 

Sales value, total 

A. INTERMEDIATES 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

B. FINISHED PRODUCTS 

Production, total 

Sales , total 

Sales value, total 

i. Dyes 

Production, total 

Sales value, total 

a. Colour Index Group 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 



b. Prototype Group 



Production 

Sales 

Sales value 



0. Ungrouped 



Production- 
Sales 



Sales value 

2. Tontrs and Lake 



Production- 
Sales 



Sales value- 



3. Medicinals 



Production — 
Sales 



Sales value 



i. Flavor and Perfume UateriaU 



Production 

Sales 

Sales value-—- 



5. Plastics and Resin Materials 



Production — 




























6. fl 


ibber 


-Proces 


ing 


Chest 


ieal< 


Sales- 












Sales value — 





, 


_^_ 







22,390,675 
11,930,716 
2,9<i3,868 



7,070,171 
4,462,820 
1,552,971 



3,494,976 

1,367,014 

239, 586 



3,575,195 
3,095,806 
1,313,385 



173,754 
164,001 
168,902 



125,151 
119,065 
90,212 



26, 587 
24,406 
42,794 



22,016 
20, 530 
35,896 



42,271 
37, 330 
46, 325 



46,44^ 
38,594 
338,632 



16,801 
14,028 
20,034 



1,175,713 
958,004 
249,998 



94, 569 
70,586 
34,044 



26,119,201 
14,384,021 
3,783,031 



8,686,038 
5,548,476 
1,953,286 



4,171,124 

1,544,388 

290,278 



4,514,914 
4,004,088 
1,663,008 



145, 209 
148,603 
170,699 



101,131 
101,640 
83,975 



24,101 
25,457 
46, 532 



19,977 
21,506 
40,192 



38,779 
35,666 
48,748 



55,803 
42,828 
407,207 



15,565 
14,311 
19,278 



1,351,329 

1,112,786 

310,239 



107,905 
77,718 
42,054 



29,128,545 
15,636,993 
4,030,357 



9,637,093 
6,072,460 
2,011,311 



4,698,585 

1,874,175 

341,421 



4,938,508 
4,198,285 
1,669,890 



165,806 
151,675 
167,526 



117,206 

107,986 

89,546 



32,612 
29,516 
49,586 



15,988 
14,173 
28,394 



44,056 
36,661 
56,031 



51,003 
41,080 
380,914 



18,458 
16, 512 
21,419 



1,605,447 

1,317,069 

362,958 



121, 532 
85,495 
47, 592 



36.3 
36.1 



34.4 
37.1 
42.5 



38.1 
35.6 
27.1 



-4.6 
-7.5 



-6.3 
-9.3 



22.7 
20.9 
15.9 



-27.4 
-31.0 
-21.9 



9.8 

6.4 

12.5 



9.9 
17.7 
6.9 



36.6 
37.5 
45.2 



28.5 
21.1 
39.8 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



11 



TABLE 6. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary of United States production and sales of intermediates 
and finished products, average 1948-52, annual 1952 and /953- -Continued 

[Production and sales in thousands of pounds; sales value in thousands of dollars] 



I. ORGANIC CIEMICAIS, CYCLIC—Continued 

B. FINISHED PRODUCTS— Continued 

7. Elastomers (Synthetic Bubbtrs) 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

8. Plasticizers 

9. Surface-Active Agents 
Sales value 



10. Pesticides and Other 
Organic Agricultural Chemicals^ 



Production 

Sales 

Sales value- 



11. Miscellane 



Production 

Sales- 
Sales value- 



II. ORGANIC CHEMICAI3, ACYCLIC (INTERMEDIATES 
AND FINISHED PRODUCTS) 



Production, total 

Sales, total 

Sales value, total — 



Production 

Sales 

Sales value — — - 



2. Flavor and Perfume Materials 
Production 



Sales value- 



3. Plastics and Besin Materials 



Production- 
Sales 



i. Rubber-Processing Chemicals 



Production 

Sales 



Average 
19';8-52 



Sales value- 



5. Elastomers (Synthetic Rubbers) 



Production 

Sales 

Sales value 



1,060,050 

l,0'i7,575 

229,865 



162,100 
122,428 
44,496 



344,002 

276,296 

52,061 



256,679 
206,441 
78,008 



202, 812 

160, 523 

51,020 



15,320,504 
7,467,896 
1,390,897 



8,520 

6,876 

22,540 



9,560 
9,232 

14,724 



804,664 
731,974 
303,274 



16,673 
14,074 
10,498 



376, 520 
369,906 
135,421 



1,393,559 

1,513,986 

361,112 



194,362 

144, 539 

51,126 



477,643 

380,968 

64, 371 



371,890 
289,4^1 
110,659 



362,870 

243,242 

77,515 



17,433,163 
8,835,545 
1,829,745 



11,012 

7,955 

22,595 



12,177 
12, 176 
20,467 



981,863 
932,218 
417,010 



19,395 
16,589 
11,701 



495,324 
489,406 
187,620 



1,414,944 

1,387,198 

319,056 



223,810 

180,137 

59,955 



594,089 
438,491 
73,301 



297,054 

281,652 

98,572 



402,309 
262,315 
82,566 



19,491,452 
9,564,533 
2,019,046 



15,582 
13, 147 
28,154 



15,413 
14, 568 
25,109 



1,171,180 

1,054,911 

474, 578 



23,252 
17,726 
12,463 



543,406 
521,595 
210,308 



Increase, or 
decrease (-) 



1953 

over 

1948-52 



33.5 
32.4 
38.8 



72.7 
58.7 
40.8 



15.7 
36.4 
26.4 



63.4 
61.8 



28.1 
45.2 



82.9 
91.2 
24.9 



61.2 
57.8 
70.5 



45.5 
44.1 
56.5 



39.5 
25.9 
18.7 



44.3 
41.0 
55.3 



1953 
over 
1952 



-8.4 
-11.6 



24.4 
15.1 
13.9 



-20.1 
-2.7 
-10.9 



11.8 

8.3 

-IQ.^' 



41.5 
65,3 
24.6 



26.6 
19.6 
22.7 



19.3 
13.2 
13.8 



19.9 
6.9 
6.5 



9.7 
6.6 

12.1 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 6.--Synthetic organic chemicals: Swimary of United States production and sales of intermediates 
and finished products, average 1943-52, annual 1952 and l953--Continued 

[Production and sales in thousands of pounds; sales value in thousands of dollars] 



Average 
19A8-52 



Increase, or 
decrease (-) 



1953 
over 
19^8-52 



1953 
over 
1952 



II. ORGANIC CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC (INTERMEDIATES 
AND FINISHED PRODUCTS)— Continued 



Production — — — 

Sales value — — 



7. Surfa 



Production 

Sales 

















«. 
Organ 


Pest 

c Agr 


cidts 
culti 


and Othe 
ral Chtmi 


cal 




Sales 














Production- 
Sales 



Sales value- 



58,955 
«,836 
18,911 



239,002 

198,006 

57,017 



33,085 
28,311 
11,586 



13,773,525 

6,063,681 

816,926 



73,362 
57,75-; 
24,114 



263, 504 

231,328 

55,345 



45,734 
41,874 
22,700 



15,530,792 
7,046,245 
1,068,193 



69,088 
54,929 
23,380 



327,505 
293,613 
71,671 



58,899 
52,494 
19,945 



17,267,127 
7,541,550 
1,153,438 



17.2 
19.8 
23.6 



37.0 
48.3 
25.7 



78.0 
85.4 
72.1 



25.4 
24.4 
41.2 



-5.8 
-4.9 
-3.0 



24.3 
26.9 
29.5 



28.8 
25.4 
-12.1 



11.2 
7.0 
8.0 



Data on pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals were shovm in 1951 for the first time in a 
separate section of this report; the data for 1948-50 have been adjusted to make them ooii?)arable with those 
for 1951-53. 

^ Data on miscellaneous chemicals given in this table exclude pesticides and other organic agricultural 
chemicals for the years 1948-50. Data on pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals were included 
with those on miscellaneous chemicals in reports for years before 1951. Statistics on miscellaneous chemi- 
cals for 1948-50 have been adjusted to make these data coii5)arable with those for 1951-53. 

^ Statistics for acyclic plasticizers and surface-active agents in 1953 are not strictly coii?)arable with 
statistics for earlier years; some items previously reported as plasticizers were reclassified as surface- 
active agents in 1953. The items transferred amounted to about 25 percent of the total production of acyclic 
plasticizers and to less than 2 percent of the total production of acyclic surface-active agents in 1953. 



group declined ZO.l percent and that of the acyclic group increased 
28.8 percent. In the plasticizer group the cyclic component in- 
creased 15.2 percent; the acyclic component declined 5.8 percent 
(partly as a result of the transfer of certain compounds in this 
group to the group of surface-active agents). The output of all dyes 
in 1953 increased 14.2 percent, and that of toners and lakes, 13.6 
percent, compared with 1952. 

The tabulation below shows, by chemical group, the number of 
companies that reported production in 1953 of one or more of the 
chemicals included in the groups listed in table 6. 



Group Number of companies 

Intermediates 144 

Dyes 52 

Toners and lakes 42 

Medicinals 126 

Flavor and perfume materials 52 

Plastics and resin materials 148 



Group Number of companies 

Rubber-processing chemicals 18 

Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) 19 

Plasticizers 57 

Surface-active agents 152 

Pesticides and other organic 

agricultural chemicals 82 

Miscellaneous chemicals • 218 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 13 

Cyclic Intermediates 

Cyclic intermediates are synthetic organic chemicals derived 
principally from coal-tar crudes produced by destructive distil- 
lation (pyrolysis) of coal. In recent years, however, increasing 
quantities of cyclic intermediates have been obtained from petro- 
leum and natural gas. Most cyclic intermediates are used in the manu- 
facture of more advanced synthetic organic chemicals and finished 
products, such as dyes, medicinals, explosives, elastomers 
(synthetic rubbers), pesticides, and plastics and resin materials. 
Some intermediates, however, are sold as end products without 
further processing. For example, refined naphthalene may be used 
as a raw material in the manufacture of phthalic anhydride, 2- 
naphthol, or other more advanced intermediates, or it may be 
packaged and sold as a moth repellent or as a deodorant. In general, 
the way in which the greater part of the output of a given chemical 
is consumed determines its use classification in this report. 

Table TA-"- shows statistics on production and sales of cyclic 
intermediates in 1953. Intermediates for which individual statistics 
are given in the table represent 64 percent of the total quantity 
produced. Since many of the intermediates included in the statis- 
tics represent successive steps in production, the totals neces- 
sarily include considerable duplication. In 1953, 40 percent of the 
total output of cyclic intermediates was sold; the rest was con- 
sumed chiefly by the producing plants in the manufacture of more 
advanced intermediates and finished products. 

The total output of all cyclic intermediates in 1953 was 4,699 
million pounds, or 3.8 percent more than the previous record out- 
put of 4,528 million pounds reported for 1951, and 12.6 percent 
more than the 4,171 million pounds reported for 1952. Sales in 
1953 amounted to 1,874 million pounds, valued at 341 million 
dollars, compared with 1,544 million pounds, valued at 290 million 
dollars, in 1952, and 1,802 million pounds, valued at 338 nnillion 
dollars, in 1951. The unit value of sales was 18 cents per pound 
in 1953, compared with 19 cents per pound in both 1951 and 1952. 

In 1953, the output of many individual intermediates was sub- 
stantially greater than it was in 1952. The output of styrene, which 
is used in the manufacture of plastics materials and GR-S syn- 
thetic rubber, reached a record total of 798 million pounds in 1953, 
compared with 700 million pounds in 1952. In 1953, the production 
of phenol, which is used chiefly in the manufacture of phenolic 
resins, was 382 million pounds, or 13.2 percent more than the 338 
million pounds produced in 1952; the output of dodecylbenzenes, 
used chiefly in the manufacture of surface -active agents, was 297 
million pounds, or 43.9 percent more than the 207 million pounds 
produced in 1952. Other large-volume intermediates the production 
of which in 1953 increased by substantial percentages over that in 
1952, were p-dichlorobenzene (21 .8 percent) , cyclohexane (18.7 
percent), aniline (18.4 percent), cresylic acid (12.1 percent), and 
nitrobenzene (7.3 percent). On the other hand, important inter- 
mediates for which production showed decreases from 1952 to 1953 
were refined naphthalene (18.6 percent); cresols (11.8 percent); 
and monochlorobenzene (1.6 percent). 

^ See also table 7B, part III, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the 
manufacturers; part A of the appendix, which shows imports of intermediates and related 
products during 1951-53; and part C of the appendix, which is a glossary of synonymous 
names of cyclic intermediates. 



14 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 7A. --Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of cyclic intermediates, 1953 

[Listed below are all cyclic intermediates for which any reported data on production or sales may be pub- 
lished. (Leaders are used where the reported data are confidential and may not be published or where no 
data were reported.) Table 7B in part III lists alphabetically all cyclic intermediates for which data on 
production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each. Part C in the appendix lists 
alphabetically all the important common names of cyclic intermediates usually net with in the trade and 
gives the corresponding standard (Chemical Abstracts) name under which data are presented In tables 7A 
and 7B] 



Total 



Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown 

Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below 

Acetanilide, teoh- 



N-Acetylsulfanilyl chloride 

p-Amlnoacetanilide (Acetyl-p-phenylenediamine ) 

2-(p-Aminoanilino )-5-nitrobenzenesulf onic acid 

1-Amlnoanthraquinone and salt- 
2-Aminoanthraquinone and salt- 



6-Amino-3,4-'-azobis[benzenesulfonio acid] - 
1-Amino-^benzamidoanthraquinone- 



6- (m-Aminobenzamido ) -l-naphthol-3-sulf onic acid 

6- (p-Aminobenzamido )-l-naphthol-3-sulf onic acid 

2-Amlno-p-benzenedisulfonic acid [s03H=l] 

l-Amino-'4-bromo-2-anthraquinonesulfonic acid and salt 

l-Amino-5-chloroanthraquinone 

2-Amino-<i-chlorophenol 



2-Amino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulf onic acid [S03H=l] 

l-Amino-A-hydroxyanthraquinone (l-Hydroxy-<i-aminoanthraquinone ) 

3-Amino-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Cassella acid) and sodium 

salt 

6-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Amino I acid) 

2-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Tobias acid) 

5-Amino-l-naphthaleneeulfonic acid (Laurent's acid) 

5-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (1,6-Cleve's acid) 

5 (and 8)-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Cleve's acid, mixed) 

6-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonio acid (Broenner's acid)- 



S-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonio acid (Peri acid) 

8-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (l,7-Cleve's acid) 

8-Amino-2-naphthol- 



3-Aj!iino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonio acid (H acid), monosodium salt- 
8-Amlno-l-naphthol-5,7-disulfonio acid (Chicago acid) (2S acid), 

monosodium salt — 

l-Amino-2-naphthol-4-3ulfonic acid (1, 2,^Acld) 

6-Amlno-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (I acid), sodium salt 

7-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (Gamma acid), sodium salt- 

8-Amino-l-naphthol-5-sulfonie acid (S acid), sodium salt 

2-Amino-5-nitrobenzenesulfonlc acid [S03H=l] 

2-Amino-'4-nitrophenol _____ 

m-Aminophenol ,..---■ — 

2-Amino-l-phenol-4-sulfonamide -— 

2-Amino-l-phenol-'i-sulfonlc acid 



4,698,585 



1,681,985 
3,016,600 



p_(p-Aminophenylazo )benzenesulf onic acid — - 

4_Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [SOsH'lJ- 



and 5-Amino-o-toluenesulfonic acids [S03H=1], total- 

2-Ajiiino-3,5-xylenesulfonic acid [S03H=l] 

Aniline (Aniline oil) — __ 



Anilinomethanesulfonio acid and salt-—— _— — -_ — 

8_Anilino-l-naphthalenesulfonio acid (Phenyl perl acid) 

6-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (Phenyl J acid) 

7-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (Phenyl gamma acid) 

Anthranllic acid (o-Aminobenzoic acid) 

1,5-Anthraquinonedisulfonic acid and salt ~ 

1,8-Anthraquinonedisulfonic acid and potassium salt 

2,6-Anthraquinonedisulfonio acid and salt 

1-Anthraquinonesulfonic acid and salt 

Anthr aruf in ( 1 , 5-Dihydroxyanthraquinone ) 

1-Benzamido- 5-ohloroanthr aquinone- 



7-Benz [de J anthracen-7-one (Benzanthrone ) 

Benzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Benzidine base-™ — — 

Benzidine hydrochloride and sulfate 

Benzoin 



o-Benzoylbenzoic acid- 

Benzyl ether (Dibenzyl ether) 

('i,4'-Bi-7-benz[de] anthracen)-7,7'-dione 

l,4-Bis[l-anthraquinonylamino]anthrBquinone- 



4,';68 
3,775 
183 
21 
1,17-; 
1,095 



906 
18 

223 

1,152 

3,286 

129 

140 

194 

74 

333 

139 

19 

2,437 

110 

712 

845 

762 

32 

64 

82 

364 



149 
337 



113,487 

214 

357 

66 

16 

303 

431 

69 

345 

3,011 

119 

119 

1,900 

17 
1,413 

50 
6,970 

65 
512 

85 



Quantity Value y^^^^i 



1,874,175 



325,588 
1, 548, 587 



3,438 



1,000 
dollars 

341,421 



104, 815 
236,606 



32 
1,110 



$0.18 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 

TABLE 7 A^ -Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of cyclic intermediates, 

i95J- -Continued 



15 



Quantity 



Unit 
value^ 



3 , 9-Bis p.-anthraquinonylaiiiino] -7-benz [de ] anthracen-7-one 

^,'4'-Bis[dimethylaiiiino]benzhydrol (Miohler's hydrol) 

4,<l'-Bis[dimethylamino]benzophenone (Miohler's ketone) 

3-Broino-7-benz [de ]anthraoen-7-one (Bromobenzanthrone ) 

•i-Bromobenzophenone — — 

m-Chloroaniline — 

l-Chloroanthraqainone— — 

Chlorobenzene , mono — — 

o- (p-Chlorobenzoyl )benzoio acid 

l-Chloro-2, ^dinitrobenzene (Dlnitroohlorobenzene ) 

l-Chloro-2-methylanthraqviinone — 

2-Chloro-4-5itroaniline (o-Chloro-p-nitroanillne ) 

'4-Chloro-2-nitroaniline (p-Chloro-o-nitroanillne ) 

4-C]hloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonainide 



2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzenesulfonio acid ~ ~ 

(p-Chlorophenyl)acetonitrile 

a-Chlorotoluene (Benzyl chloride ) • 

4-Chloro-o-toluidine [CH3=1] (Red KB base) 

4-Chloro-o-toluidine hydrochloride 

"i-Chloro-o-tolylmeroaptoacetio acid 

'l-Chloro-2, S-xylylmercaptoacetio acid 

Cresols, total^- 



Cresols, (o-), (m-), and (p-) 

Cresols (meta, para, an.'' ortho, meta, para)^ 

Cresylic acid, refined, total^ 

From coal tar — — 



Cyclohexane 

1 , 4-Diaiiiinoanthraquinone — 

2 , 6-Diaiiiinoanthraqulnone 

2,'4-Diaminobenzenesulfonic acid [SOsH'l] 

'l,^'-Diaiiiino-3,3'-biphenyldisulfonic acid 

2 , 2 '-Diamino-5, S'-bi-m-toluenesulf onic acid 

A, A '-Diaminodiphenylanilne-2-sulf onio acid— — 

N, N '-Di (m-aminophenyl )oxamide -~ 

A , A '-Diainino-2 , 2 '-stilbenedisulf onic acid 

l,5-Dlanilino-2,6-anthraquinonedicarboxylio acid 

2 , ^Dianilino-1-hydroxyanthraquinone 

A , 5 ^-Dlbenznmi do-1 , l' -iminodianthr aqulnone 

3,9-Dibromo-7-benz [de] anthraeen-7-one 

2, 5-Dichloroaniline and hydrochloride [NH2=l] 

1, 5(and 1 , 8 )-Dichloroanthraquinone ~ 

1,8-Dichloroanthraquinone 

3,3'-Dichlorobenzldine base and salts 

1, 4-Dichloro-2-nitrobenzene (Nitro-p-dichlorobenzene ) -— 

2, "i-Diohlorophenol- 



1- (2, S-Diehloro-A-sulf ophenyl )-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone 

2 , 6-Dichlorotoluene — — 

N,N-Diethyl-3-aiiilnophenol 

N, N-Diethylaniline- 



6,7-Dlhydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonio acid 

16,17-Dihydroxyviolanthrone (Dihydroxydibenzanthrone) 

3, 3 '-Dimethoxybenzidine 

2,2' -Dimethyl-l , 1 ' -b ianthraquinone- 



4, 4 '-Dinitro-2, 2 '-stilbenedisulf onic acid and sodium salt 

1 , 4-Di (p-toluidino )anthraquinone-— — _______ 

Dodecylbenzenes* : 

2-(N-Ethylanilino)ethanol 

a_ (N-Ethylanilino )-p_toluenesulf onic acid 

o_Fonnylbenzenesulfonio acid (o_Sulf obenzaldehyde ) 

~ p-Hydrazinobenzenesulf onic acid 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid (B.O.N.) 

1, l'_Iminobis [4-amiiioanthraquinone] 

6,6'-Iminobis [l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid] (I (or J) acid imide) 

l,l'_Imlnodianthraqulnone (Dianthrimlde)__ -_ — — 

Leuoo-l,<l-diaminoanthraquinone 

Leuco quinizarin (l,'l,9,10_Anthratetrol) 

Metanllic acid (m_Aminobenzenesulfonlc acid) and salt 

o-Methoxyanilinomethanesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

2-Methyl-l_nitroanthraquinone- 



3-Methyl_l_phenyl-5-pyrazolone (Developer Z) 

3-Methyl_l- (p_sulf ophenyl )-5_pyrazolone 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 

259 

11 

141 

235 

10 

1,065 

170 

629 

377,184 

852 

4,695 

192 

415 

155 

128 

5 

39 

10,491 

81 

31 

142 

27 

18,757 



4,216 
14, 541 



50,647 



20,626 
30,021 

299, 578 

59 

251 

74 

19 

24 

16 

35 

941 

9 

31 

175 

191 

172 

47 

38 

59 

26,230 

59,289 

1,086 

814 

15,436 

65 

26 

152 

768 

276 

470 

505 

128 

1,147 

79 

297,286 

150 

299 

125 

165 

3,571 

139 

44 

152 

170 

169 

1,114 

24 

210 

228 

99 



1,000 
pounds 



10 
622 



50,184 



1,000 
dollars 



32 

447 



4,235 



Ptr 
pound 



$3,20 
.72 



1,048 



4,351 
13,415 



47,325 



21,364 
25,961 

114,624 



1,584 
1,650 



4,117 



2,217 
1,900 



6,500 



20,424 
42,655 



2,013 
5,787 



276,284 



32,419 



2.40 
.20 



.10 
.14 



16 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

TABLE TA. --Synthetic orgaiic chemicals: United States production and sales of cyclic intermediates, 

1953- -Continued 



Production 



C, or above (refined flake), total- 



Naphthalenf solidifying at 79 

From American crude naphthalene 

From imported crude naphthalene 

1 . 5-Naphthalenediol (1, 5-Dihydroxynaphthalene ) 

1, 5-Naphthalenedisulf onic acid 

Naphthionio acid, sodium salt 

1-Naphthol (a-Naphthol ) 

2-Naphthol-3,6-diaulfonic acid and disodium salt 

2-Naphthol-6,8-disulfonio acid (G acid) 

l-Naphthol'-i-sulfonio acid (Nevile & Winther's acid) 

l-Naphthol-5-sulfonie acid and sodium salt 

2-Naphthol-6-sulfonic acid (Schaeffer's acid) 

Naphth[l, 2] oxadiazole-5-sulfonio acid 

2-Naphthylmercaptoaoetic acid (;3-Naphthylthioglycolio acid) 

2-Nitro-p-anis Idine [ NHj =1 ] 

4-Nitro-o-anisidine f NHa =1 1 

5-Nitro-o-ani3idine [ NHj =1] 

l-Nitro-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid 

5(and 8)-Nitro-l-anthraquinonesulfonli acid- 



6-(m-Nitrobenzaiiiido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (m-Nitrobenzoyl J 



aoid)- 
6-(p-Nitrobenzamldo)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (p-Nitrobenzoyl J 

Nitrobenzene- 



m-Nitrobenzenesulfonio acid and sodium salt- 

m- and p-Nitrobenzoic acids, total --- 

p-Nitrosophenol ~ 

5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonic acid 

2-Nitro-p-toluidine [ NHa =1 ] 

Nitroxylenes , mixed 

Nonylphenol — ~ 



Phenol, total^ 

Natural, from coal tar and petroleum- 
Synthetic 



Phenylacetio acid (a-Toluic acid) 

Phenylacetio acid, ethyl ester, all grades- 
Phenylaeetio acid, potassium aalt- 



Phenylacetonitrile (a-Tolunitrile ) 

p-Phenylazoanlline (p-Aminoazobenzene ) and hydrochloride 

o- and p-Phenylenedlamines, total 

Phenylglyclne, potassium and sodium salts, total-— — — 

2,2'-(Phenylimlno)dlethanol 

Phthalic anhydride 

Pioolines' 

Priffluline , base 

Propiophenone— — — — — —__ — - — — ■ 

Pseudocumidine (Cumldine )— — - — — ___- — — 

Quinaldine -. 

Quinizarln 

Salicylic acid, tech 



Styrene 

1,4, 5, 8-Tetraohloroanthraquinone 

1,2,'4,5-Tetraohlorobenzene 

1, 4, 5, 8-Tetrakia [l' , l" , l" ' , 1 ' " '-anthraquinonylamlno] anthraqulnone 
(Pentaanthramide )- 



o-Tolidine and salts 

Toluene-2 , 4-diamine (4-m-Tolylenediamlne ) 

6-p-Toluldinometanlllo acid 

m^ arid o-Toluidinomethanesulfonic acids, total 

4-(o-Tolylazo)-o-toluidine (o-Aminoazotoluene) 

6,6'-Ureylenebis[l-naphthol-3-3ulfonlc acid] (J acid urea) 

Vlolanthrone (Dlbenzanthrone ) 

Xylidlne (original mixture ) 

2,3-, 2,A-, 2,5-, and 3,4-Xylldlnes, total 



1,000 
potinds 
83,313 



68, 140 
15,173 

62 

296 

1,222 

287 

1,198 

1,075 

157 

62 

255 

406 

111 

197 

56 

132 

266 



45 

148,048 

932 

1,178 

288 

2,025 

1,963 

983 

4,448 

382,433 



25,596 
356,837 

420 

284 

2,306 

1,030 

170 

740 

1,058 

5,545 

380 

226,646 

1,264 

246 

27 

27 

1,408 

798,433 

129 

8,948 

344 
315 
1,217 
44 
3 
529 
368 
530 
682 
107 



Quantity Value 



1,000 
pounds 
40,169 



33,552 
6,617 



109 
33 



6,505 
392 



629 

2,532 

199,543 



1,000 
dollars 
4,941 



4,216 
725 



Unit 
value-"- 



pound 
$0.12 



112 1.03 
70 2.12 



648 
159 



20,210 
179,333 



407 
2,451 



191,604 
1,208 



1,583 
470,066 



935 
1,127 
33,531 



3,143 
30,388 



297 
i,*684 



40,688 
750 



555 
77,509 



^ Unit values calculated on rounded figures. 

' Includes data for coke ovens and gas-retort ovens, reported to the Coal Economics Division, U. S. Bureau 
of Mines, and for tar and petroleum refineries and other producers, reported to the U. S. Tariff Commission. 

^ Includes some mixed cresols. 

* Includes keryl-type benzenes. 

' Includes data for coke ovens and gas-retort ovens, reported to the Coal Economics Division, U. S. Bureau 
of Mines, and for tar refineries and other producers, reported to the U. S. Tariff Commission. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 17 

Dyes 

Table 8A shows United States production and sales of dyes in 
1953, total and by individual dyes, grouped by Colour Index number 
and by prototype number.^ The total output of dyes in 1953 was 
166 million pounds, or 14.2 percent more than the 145 million 
pounds produced in 1952. Sales in 1953 amounted to 152 million 
pounds, valued at 168 million dollars, compared with 149 million 
pounds, valued at 171 million dollars, in 1952- -an increase of 2.1 
percent in quantity and a decrease of 1.9 percent in value. The 
average unit value of all sales was $1.10 per pound in 1953, com- 
pared with $1. 15 per pound in 1952. 

Dyes for which separate statistics are given in table 8A 
represent 80 percent of the total quantity of all dyes produced in 
1953.. In 1953, as in previous years, dyes grouped by Colour Index 
number accounted for the greater part of the output of all dyes (71 
percent). The production of Colour Index dyes was 117 million 
pounds in 1953, compared with 101 million pounds in 1952--an 
increase of 15.9 percent. Sales of Colour Index dyes totaled 108 
million pounds, valued at 90 million dollars, in 1953, compared 
with 102 million pounds, valued at 84 million dollars, in 1952- -an 
increase of 6.2 percent in quantity and 6.6 percent in value. The 
production of prototype dyes in 1953 was 33 million pounds, or 
35.3 percent more than the 24 million pounds produced in 1952. 
Sales of these dyes increased to 30 million pounds, valued at 50 
million dollars, in 1953, compared with 25 million pounds, valued 
at 47 million dollars, in 1952. Production of ungrouped dyes in 
1953 was 16 million pounds, compared with 20 million pounds in 
1952; sales of these dyes in 1953 totaled 14 million pounds, valued 
at 28 million dollars, compared with 22 million pounds, valued at 
40 million dollars, in 1952. The increase in production and sales 
of prototype dyes and the decrease in the ungrouped category are 
due in part to the reclassification in 1953 of a large number of 
ungrouped dyes as prototype dyes. 

Among the individual dyes for which statistics are given in 
table 8A, increases in production in 1953 as compared with that 
in 1952 were reported for many low- and medium-priced dyes. 
Production of synthetic indigo in 1953 was 17.8 million pounds, 
compared with 17.2 million in 1952. Output of sulfur black was 9.3 
million pounds in 1953, compared with 8.9 million in 1952, and 
that of direct blackEW (C.I. 581) was 6.2 million pounds in 1953, 
compared with 5.3 million in 1952. The output in 1953, as com- 
pared with that in 1952, increased also for sulfur brown (by 52 
percent); anthraquinone vat blue GCD (C.I. 1113) (by 41 percent); 
methyl violet B and base (C.I. 680) (by 22 percent); auramine 
(C.I. 655) (by 21 percent); and algol yellow GC (Pr. 9) (by 16 
percent). On the other hand, the output of chrome blue black R 
(C.I. 202) was 43 percent lower in 1953 than in 1952, and that of 
indanthrene khaki 2G (Pr. 122) was 19 percent lower. 



^ See also table 8B, part III, which lists these products and identifies the manufacturers, 
and part A (table 28) of the appendix, which shows imports of dyes during 1951-53. 



18 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

TABLE 81^. -Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of coal-tar dyes, 1953 

[Listed below are all coal-tar dyes for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are confidential and may not be published or where no data were 
reported.) Table 8B in part III lists all dyes for which data on production or sales were reported and 
identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Colour 
Index 

or 
Proto- 
type 

No. 



Dye 



Production 



Quantity 



98 
lU 
117 
118 
138 
U5 
151 
161 
176 
179 
180 
185 
202 
203 
20-; 
216 
219 



234 

235 

246 

247 

252 

274 

275 

278 

280 

288 

289 

299 

307 

319 

324a 

326 

327 

331 

332 

343 



Grand total- 



1.000 
pounds 

165,806 



151,675 



1,000 
dollars 
167,526 



Dyes for which separate statistics may not be shown- 
Dyes for which separate statistics are shown below — 



DYES CaiOUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NIJMBER 



32,962 
132,844 



117,206 



26,160 
125,515 



107,986 



Monoazo Dyes 



Spirit yellow R- 

Oil yellow 

Chrysoidine Y 

Chrysoidine R 

Sudan I 



Orange G 

Amide naphthol red G — 

Chrome yellow 2G 

Chrome yellow R 

Victoria violet 4BS 

Amido naphthol red SB- 
Fast scarlet G base 

Fast red QL salt 

Ponceau R 

Fast red B 

Chrome brovm R 

Azo eosine G 

Fast red B base 

Fast scarlet R base—— 

Metanil yellow 

Azoflavine RS 

Orange II 

Orange R ■ 

Fast red A 

Azo rubine— — — 

Fast red VR 

Cochineal red A 

Chrome blue black R — 

Chrome black T 

Chrome black A 

Acid chrome red B 

Chrome flavine A 



Disazo Dyes 



Resorcin brown 

Resoroln daxk brown- 
Acid black lOB 



Azo dark green A 

Brilliant orooeine M- 
Milling orange-— — 
Cloth scarlet G 
Direct fast red SBL — 
Scarlet EC 



Fast acid cyanine G 

F^.st acid cyanine 5R ex- 
Acid chrome black F 



Fast acid cyanine black B- 
Direct fast heliotrope—— 
Rosanthrene 



Direct fast scarlet 

Direct fast scarlet 4BA — 

Bismarck brown G— 

Bismarck brown R— — — — 
Chrome fast yellow C 



135 


150 


148 


138 


480 


439 


161 


153 


948 


793 


372 


322 


446 


372 




61 


74 


55 




64 


105 


110 


112 


76 


320 


306 


246 


241 


87 


70 


138 


115 


45 


46 


232 


217 


462 


360 


356 


330 




7 


933 


868 


371 


308 


219 


180 


134 


121 




34 


112 


100 


628 


715 


1,072 


1,017 



515 


449 


369 


338 


319 


308 


1,442 


1,227 


953 




32 


36 


379 


344 


539 




14 


11 


9 


9 


17 


315 


271 


545 




10 


16 




96 


109 


328 


264 


248 


162 


137 


134 


149 


136 


158 


41 


39 


111 


33 


23 


37 


835 


768 


1,286 


256 


268 


411 


145 


128 


73 


954 


849 


677 


, 


30 


33 



39,539 
127,987 



89, 546 



171 
140 
283 
103 
737 
267 
260 



116 
287 
180 



252 

449 

295 

17 

426 

177 

171 

125 

31 

79 

450 

945 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 

TABLE 8K. -Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
coal-tar dyes, J953- -Continued 



19 



Dye 



Quantity 



Unit 
value ^ 



DYES CmOUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER— Continued 

Azo Dyes — Continued 

Disazo Dyes — Continued 



Direct fast yellow 5GL- 

Direot fast pink 2BL 

Brilliant yellow 

Chrysophenine G 

Congo red- 



Congo oorinth 

Direct scarlet B 

Direct violet B 

Direct violet N 

DevtlMped black BH- 

Direot blue 2B 

Direct orange R 

Direct fast red F — 

Direct brown M 

Polar red 



Milling red G 

Benzopurpurine 4B — 
Benzo new blue 5B — 
Direct blue 3B 



Acid anthracene red 3B- 

Benzqpurpurijie lOB 

Fast blue B salt 

Direct azurine G 

Direct blue RW 

Direct sky blue FF 

Direct pure blue 



Irisazo Dyes 



Direct fast black FF- 

Plutoform black 

Direct brown BT 

Direct black EW 

Direct black RX 

Direct green ET 

Chloramine green B 

Direct green B 

Direct green G 

Direct brown 3G0 

Congo brown G 



Stilbene Dye 



Direct yellow R 

Chloramine orange G- 
Stilbene yellow 



Pyrazolone Dye 



Fast light yellow G- 
Xylene light yellow- 

Tartrazine 

Polar yellow 

Chrome red B 

Pyrazol orange 



Ketonimine Dye 



Tr iphenylme thane 
Diphenylnaphthylnetha 



Dye 



Malachite green 

Rhoduline blue 6G 

Brilliant green 

Acid green B 

Fast acid green B 

Acid glauoine blue 

Para fuohsine 



Methyl violet B and base- 
Crystal violet 



000 


1.000 


1,000 


unds 


pounds 


dollars 


2A 


25 


54 


56 


58 


150 


328 


297 


382 


938 


635 


623 




178 


147 


176 


154 


188 


207 


150 


259 




11 


15 




26 


41 


2,387 


2,305 


1,515 


671 


701 


262 


115 


102 


68 


235 


172 


184 


390 


366 


329 


262 


219 


308 


18 


12 


21 


638 


612 


701 


31 


30 


61 


218 


144 


67 


66 


77 


118 




6 


9 


109 


103 


118 


102 


108 


114 


36 


50 


66 


361 


305 


469 


100 


64 


47 


208 


186 


152 


155 


194 


118 


179 


157 


330 


6,183 


6,180 


3,034 


247 


288 


168 


317 


225 


167 




55 


30 


702 


637 


415 


101 


77 


53 


795 


679 


441 


85 


66 


54 


910 


736 


625 


134 


114 


110 


658 


661 


717 


78 


70 


110 


133 


144 


231 


420 


364 


427 


61 


73 


150 


86 


90 


135 



1,442 



1,362 



1,876 



378 


369 


689 




19 


54 


116 


97 


235 


155 


156 


135 


30 


20 


73 


664 


462 


527 


10 


6 


19 


1,453 


1,112 


1,127 


825 


791 


1,525 



See footnotes at end of table. 



20 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE SA---Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
coal-tar dyes, i953- -Continued 



Dye 



Quantity 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER— Continued 



Triphenylme thane and 
Diphenylnaphthylnethane Dyes — Continued 



Ethyl violet- 
Acid violet — 
Soluble blue- 



Acid chrome azurol B 

Acid chrome cyanine R 

Victoria blue B 

Naphthalene green V 

Wool green S 



Xanthene Dye 



Fluorescein 

Uranine (Fluorescein, alkali salt)- 
Tetrabromofluorescein 



Quinoline Dye 



Quinoline yellow- 



Thiazole Dye 



Direct fast yellow- 



Azine Dye 



Wool fast blue 

Safranine 

Induline, spirit-soluble 

Induline, water-soluble 



139 
11^ 
102 

1« 

133 



38 
607 



277 

417 



60 
296 



Methylene blue- 



Sulfur or Sulfide Dye 



Total^- 



20,838 



Sulfur black — 

Sulfur blue 

Sulfur brown — 
Sulfur green — 
Sulfur maroon- 
Sulfur olive — 
Sulfur yellow- 
All other 



Anthraquinone Dye 



Alizarin VI 

Alizarin red S- 



Aoid alizarin blue SE 

Acid alizarin blue B 

Alizarin irisol R 

Alizarin oyanine green 

Anthraquinone blue black B 

Acid anthraquinone sky blue B- 



Anthraquinone Vat Dye 



Anthraquinone vat golden orange G, 12^- 

Anthraquinone vat scarlet G, 16-2/3^ 

Anthraquinone vat dark blue BO, 25^ 

Vat navy blue NTP- 



Anthraquinone vat jade green, &f>- 

Anthraquinone vat green B and black B, 12-l/2> 

Anthraquinone vat violet 2R, 12-l/2it 

Anthraquinone vat blue GCD, 8-l/35t 

Anthraquinone vat yellow G, 12-l/25t 

Anthraquinone vat olive R, 12-l/25t 

Anthraquinone vat brown R, 12-l/25t 

Anthraquinone vat brown G, 12-l/25t 

Anthraquinone vat violet BN, 255t 



9,303 

4,027 

4,282 

1,972 

399 

179 

472 

204 



34 
504 

12 
381 
142 

61 



674 

530 

441 

965 

6,506 

2,344 

376 

2,475 

93 

782 

852 

823 

162 






1.000 


ds 


dollars 


17 


46 


116 


182 


88 


257 


118 


252 


22 


62 


139 


315 


63 


151 


106 


108 



247 
400 



70 
273 



20,594 



9,251 

4,036 

4,145 

1,932 

406 

177 

441 

206 



186 
20 
32 

473 
7 

389 

107 
38 



221 

405 

417 

855 

5,636 

2,225 

275 

2,074 

123 

770 

686 

789 

123 



242 

572 



175 
549 
23 



6,349 



1,979 
1,471 
1,146 
1,146 

306 
86 

163 



345 
47 
115 
1,266 
30 
929 
240 
196 



385 

950 

702 

1,073 

6,294 

1,412 

620 

3,251 

170 

879 

1,055 

1,076 

699 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 

TABLE 8A. --Synt/ietic organic chemicals: United States production and saies of 
coal-tar dyes, J953--Continued 



21 



Dye 



Quantity Value 



Unit 
value ^ 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NU^EER— Continued 
Indigoid and Thioindigoid Dyes 



Indigo, synthetic, 20^ 

Bromindigo blue 2BD, l&f>- 

Vat red 3B, 2O56- 

Vat orange R, 10^ 



Food, Drag, and Cosxetic Dye 



Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Colors 



Total- 
Blue # 1~ 
Blue # 2— 
Orange #1- 
Red #1- 
Red #2- 
Red #3- 
Red #4- 



Yellow #'!,— 
Yellow #5— 
Yellow #6— 
All other 



Drug and Cosmetic Colors 



Totals- 
Red #11 — 
Red #19 — 

Red #21 

All other — 



All Other Dyes Grouped by Colour Index Nunber 

Total . 



DYES GROUPED BY PROTOTYPE NUMBER 



Acid alizarin flavine R — 
Acid anthracene brown PG- 
Algol yellow GC- 



Alizarin supra blue A 

Anthracene chromate brown EB- 
Benzo Bordeaux 6B 



Benzo chrome black blue B- 

Benzo fast black L 

Benzo fast blue ^GL 

Benzo rhodullne red 3B 

Brilliant benzo violet B— 
Celliton orange GR- 



Chlorantine fast brown BRL — 
Chlorantine fast yellow AGL- 

Diamine Bordeaux B 

Diamine catechine 3G 

Diamine fast blue FEB 

Diamine fast orange EG 

Diamine fast orange ER 

Diamlnogen blue N2B 

Diazo Bordeaux 7B- 



Diazo brilliant green 3G 

Diazo brilliant scarlet 2BL ex- 

Diazo brilliant scarlet ROA 

Diazo fast red 5BL 

Diazo fast red 7BL 

Diazo rubine B 



Fast scarlet 2G salt — 
Guinea carmine B-— — 

Guinea fast red BL 

Helindon pink R ex 

Indanthrene brown BR — 
Indanthrene brown RRD- 
Indanthrene khaki 2G — 



1,000 
pounds 

17,839 

i,o-;i 

190 
529 



1,559 



1,401 



169 
117 
414 
21 
39 
71 
274 
181 



30 

16 

101 



15,981 



32,612 



1.000 
>ounds 

19,289 
744 
169 
518 



1,447 



1,000 
dollars 

5,090 
518 
250 
663 



11,627 



29.516 



4,989 



26 


355 


5 


79 


216 


615 


108 


556 


339 


1,081 


20 


399 


32 


144 


55 


124 


252 


804 


159 


478 


92 


354 



103 

43 

349 



12,950 



99 


54 


66 


21 


28 


58 


2,269 


2,030 


3,033 


83 


64 


211 


125 


106 


140 


31 


24 


32 




85 


111 


155 


155 


235 


95 


90 


223 




7 


9 


78 


70 


104 


63 


41 


50 


373 


353 


311 


203 


188 


299 


109 


103 


126 


52 


54 


52 


172 


178 


368 


124 


94 


170 


65 


56 


99 


279 


251 


489 


101 


98 


193 


47 


38 


107 


124 


90 


290 


88 


99 


242 




18 


35 


54 


45 


95 


11 


8 


19 


193 


180 


151 




11 


12 


50 


42 


65 


1,019 


1,005 


1,487 


524 


403 


827 


759 


692 


1,109 


2,591 


2,626 


3,585 



See footnotes at end of table. 



22 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

■ Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
coal-tar dyes, l953--Continued 



Colour 
Index 
or 
Proto- 
type 
No. 



138 

I'M- 

U7 

148 

152 

164 

168 

169 

170 

171 

172 

173 

187 

197 

198 

201 

202 

206 

223 

228 

230 

234 

235 

236 

237 

238 

239 

242 

244 

245 

246 

253 

258 

260 

260 

264 

267 

269 

270 

270 

271 

271 

273 

278 

291 

293 

299 

302 

303 

304 

305 

306 

309 

310 

311 

312 

313 

314 

316 

326 

341 

351 

353 

372 

377 

378 

379 

421 

428 

432 

491 

501 

533 

547 

556 



Dye 



DYES GROUPED BY PROTOTYPE NUMBER — Continued 



Milling yellow H5G 

Neolan "blue GG 

Oxydiamlnogen OB 

Paper red A ex 

Polar orange R— — — — 

Rapidogen blue D 

Rapidogen red GS ___^— — 

Rapidogen red RS 

Rapidogen scarlet RS 

Rapidogen yellow G 

Rosanthrene fast Bordeaux . 2BL- 

Rosanthrene orange R ■■ 

Sulphon yellow R 

Victoria fast violet 2R ex 

Victoria pure blue B -— 

Zambesi black D 

Zambesi black V 



Alizarin fast gray BBLW- 
Brilliant indooyanine G- 
Celliton fast blue FFR— 
Celliton fast brown 3R — 

Celliton fast pink B 

Celliton fast pink FF3B- 
Celliton fast red GG- 



Celliton fast red violet RN- 

Celliton fast rubine B- 

Celliton fast rubine 3B 

Celliton fast yellow G 

Celliton scarlet B 

Celliton yellow 5G 

Chlorantine fast red 5BRL 

Erlo chrome brown DKL— — — 

Fast blue BB base 

Fast Bordeaiix GP base 

Fast Bordeaux GP salt 

Fast orange GC salt 

Fast red AL salt 

Fast red 3GL salt 

Fast red KB base 

Fast red KB salt 

Fast red RC base 

Fast red RC salt 



Fast red TR salt 

SlriuB supra turquoise blue GL- 
Indanthrene golden yellow GK— 

Indanthrene olive green B 

Monochrome black blue G 

Naphthol AS 

Naphthol AS-BO 

Naphthol AS-ffil 

Naphthol AS-BS 

Naphthol AS-D 

Naphthol AS-G 

Naphthol AS-ITR 

Naphthol AS-OL 

Naphthol AS-RL 



Naphthol AS-SW 

Naphthol AS-TR 

Neolan yellow GR 
Palatine fast pink BN- 

Rapidogen tlue N 

Rapidogen violet B 

Rapidogen yellow 2G — 
Cotonerol- ■■ 



Diazo brilliant scarlet 5BLN- 

Fast red ITR base 

Sirlus supra gray VGL 

Chlorantine fast Bordeaux 2B- 

Chlorantine fast red 6BLL 

Chlorazol blue 5GKS 



Chlorantine fast violet 2RL- 

Fast red PDC salt 

Direct chlnollne 

Indanthrene olive T 

Naphthol AS-MX 



Quantity 



4 
197 
474 
134 

142 
206 

80 
123 

85 



13 
93 
167 



700 
40 

122 
16 

117 
39 
36 

150 

264 

165 
25 

238 



142 

886 

121 

21 

19 

10 

30 

214 

833 

2,038 

19 

945 

31 

40 

255 

237 

26 

23 

111 



113 
86 
55 
57 
97 
1,354 
45 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



208 
436 
108 
23 
140 
207 



40 
122 

20 

76 
129 

17 
256 

78 

7 

1,040 

45 
117 



26 

129 

240 

152 

18 

228 

5 

14 

19 

148 

18 

134 

824 

100 

22 

11 

14 

22 

188 

513 

1,665 

27 

577 

24 

32 

62 

69 

10 

20 



492 
4 

20 
38 
17 

'"' 36 

3 

11 
12 
5 
99 
72 
57 

95 

1,368 

30 



28 

338 

604 

241 

40 

372 

483 

197 

i99 

189 

90 

257 

30 

87 

423 

26 

294 

332 

37 

1,474 

79 

246 

45 

92 

59 

27 

124 

372 

189 

52 

419 

8 

79 

47 

184 

21 

200 

674 

281 

49 

23 

34 

45 

416 

1,198 

2,636 

103 

761 

95 

106 

148 

142 

48 

87 

43 

22 

1,179 

17 

"" 45 

103 
93 



10 
42 
23 
16 
324 
131 
135 

344 

1,868 

62 



3.62 

1.37 
2.07 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



23 



TtBLE 8A. --Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
coal-tar dyes, 1953- -Continued 



Dye 



Quantity 



Unit 
value ^ 



DYES CKOUPED BY PROTOntPE KUMBER—Continued 



Naphthol AS-PH 

Neutral brawn RX— — — — 
Pontamine navy blue DB- 
Solantlne orange 4G- 



Slrius supra yellow R ex 

All other dyes grouped by prototype number- 



DNCSROUPED DYES 



Acetate rayon dyes, total (see tables 10 and 11 for 
total of all acetate rayon dyes)* 

Black, IV ex., B, BNF, DB, EC, G, 3G, GGN, GS, GY, 
J, LNB, NC, RB, RK, SDP, SS* 

Blue, #15, #40, AB-7, A8-45, AGF, B, 2B, BGLF, BN, 
BUN, BP, CR, EC, G, 2G, GBN, GE, GFD, GLF, GLT, 
GLT-KS, 2GN, GP, CR, IB, ID, M, MJ, NBN, NVC, 
NVY, RB, RDA, RG, R, 2R, 3R, WNBN* 



Red III, VI-X, B, 2B, 4BLL, 2B-GLF, C, FSI, G, GLF, 

LRB, NB, R, HP, WLF--M), Y, YP'' 

Violet 5B, 7BC, BGF, BN, MB, 2R, AR, 3RGFL, 5RLF 

Yellow <»LF 



Yellow B, CW. ESI, G, 5G, 8GLF, GL, GN, GR, IX, M, 
N, RN, 4HL* 



3RL, RNL- 



All other acetate rayon dyes- 
Acid orange NR, R, 2R- 
Acid violet NR, R, 2R, 

Anthraquinone vat gray BR, 2G, GFL, GNF, MBM, R 

Anthraqulnone vat olive G, 20L, 2GLD, T, TO, TR 

Aaoic dyes and their components, total (see tables 

10, 11, and K for data on all azoic dyes and their 

components) '- 



Chrome yellow 2GN, LL, SW 

Direct black CW, 3G, 5G, GN, 3GR, HH, RCW, RW 

Direct blue B, BBL, BFL, BLU, 10 BLU, BVW, CF, CF2B, 
FBLT,, 2GFL, GL, 3GLL, 4GLL, 8GLN, 4GU, 8GUF, LBLL, 
LDU, LGLL, NPC, NR, RDW, 2RCF, 3RCF, RFL, 2RFL, RL, 

RLU, 2RLU, 2RLCF, TRLL, VHS 

Direct brown CR, CWR, CB, 3GS, KRS, RB, 3RLL, RY 

Direct fast blue BLL, 2BRN, CPL, GLFV, VGIi, 8GLL, 

GSS, L5GA, L5R, RL, 3RL, SFGL, SFRL 

Direct faet brovm 4GL, 5GLL, R, AR, 2RL, 3RL, AKL, 

SRL, SKRL, 3YL 

Direct fast orange G, 2G, 5GC, GL, 2GL, 4GLL, 

L8GL, R 



Direct fast red 3BL, gBLN, 7BNL, L4BL, RL, WL 

Direct fast yellow 5G, 3GL, 3GU, L2RX, L3RX, RL, S5GP- 
Dixect orange C, DB, F3R, GFL, 5GFL, 2GLL, 2GU, 

6G0F, LR, 3LWF, 2R, RT 

Direct white, ACC, AW, B, 4B, 5B, 5BM, 2G, MR, M2R, 

2R, 3R, RN, RW, SC, WT 

Oil orange, # 30, MT 

Oil red, #322, DB, EGN, N-1700, 0, OB, RO 

All other ungrouped dyes — 



1,000 
pounds 



121 

130 

180 

9,793 



15,9 



3,080 
739 



1,4^ 

313 
106 
185 

179 
118 



1,250 

738 
132 



690 
60 



40 
120 
68 

151 

1,739 

47 

610 

7,188 



1,000 
pounds 

11 
13 

103 
92 

144 
8,598 



14,173 



1,000 
dollars 

31 

30 

97 

254 

357 

15,076 



28,394 



2,569 
769 



284 
93 
211 

141 
123 



594 
1,130 



586 

10 
140 



638 
57 



38 

109 



127 

1,521 

564 
5,935 



4,356 
671 



2,240 

44^ 
231 
321 

259 
190 



1,008 
1,909 



1,408 

8 

103 



1,121 
81 

130 

114 

94 
229 
122 

321 

5,174 

703 
11,513 



Per 
pound 

!p2.82 
2.31 
.94 
2.76 
2.48 
1.75 



1.70 
.87 



1.56 
2.48 
1.52 

1.84 
1.54 



1.70 
1.69 



2.40 
.80 
.74 



1.76 
1.42 

3.33 

2.4fi 

2.47 
2.10 
1.74 

2.53 

3.40 

1.25 
1.96 



^ Unit values calculated on rounded figures. 

* Does not include derivatives of oarbazole (Colour Index No. 969). 

' Includes di-ug and cosmetic colors, external, data on which cannot be published separately without dis- 
closing Information received in confidence. 

* Excludes acetate rayon dyes that appear under "Dyes grouped by prototype number." 
' Includes developed black and diazo black. 

' Includes brilliant blue and navy blue. 
' Includes monocel red, rubine, and scarlet. 
' Includes fast yellc ., golden yellow, and printing yellow. 

' Does not Include azoic dyes and their components that appear under "Dyes grouped by Colour Index number," 
and "Dyes grouped by prototype number . " 



24 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Table 9 shows production and sales of dyes in 1953, by chemical 
class. Four chemical classes of dyes accounted for 84.2 percent 
of the total quantity of all dyes produced in 1953: Azo dyes, for 
34.5 percent; anthraquinone vat dyes, for 23.1 percent; sulfur dyes, 
for 13.6 percent; and indigoid and thioindigoid dyes, for 13.0 
percent. The output of each of the four classes was greater in 
1953 than in 1952. The production of sulfur dyes increased 19.2 
percent; of azo dyes, 15.9 percent; of anthraquinone vat dyes, 6.8 
percent; and of indigoid and thioindigoid dyes, 7.0 percent. 



TABLE 9 . - -Syn the t ic 



rganic chemicals: United States product ion and sales of coal-tar dyes, by 
chemical class, 1953 



Chemical class 



Quantity 



Unit value^ 



1,000 

pounds 

165., £ 



1,000 
pounds 

151,675 



1,000 
dollars 

167,526 



$1.10 



Anthraquinone vat^ 

Indigoid and thioindigoid- 
Sulfur or sulfide 



Triphenylme thane and diphenylnaphthylmethane- 

Stilbene ___ 

Pyrazolone 

Xanthene 

Thiazole 

Thiazine — — 

Acridine _— 



Phthalocyanine- 
All other* 



57,158 

38,370 

21,623 

22,<;89 

6,089 

4,619 

-3,540 

1,442 

1,227 

1,243 

793 

390 

243 

254 
6,326 



51,821 

32,524 

22,729 

21,910 

4,408 

4,262 

3,118 

1,362 

1,153 

899 

739 

366 

220 

119 

221 

5,824 



65,262 

45,418 

9,138 

7,073 

7,949 

9,979 

6,798 

1,876 

2,321 

2,623 

1,047 

527 

679 

208 

582 

6,046 



1.26 
1.40 
.40 
.32 
1.80 
2.34 
2.18 
1.38 
2.01 
2.92 
1.42 
1.44 
3.09 
1.75 
2.63 
1.04 



Unit value calculated on rounded figures. 
Includes carbazole vat dyes. 
^ Included in "All other." 

* Includes naphthalimide, nitro, nitroso, aniline black and allied dyes, and oleate dyes; also includes 
rubber colors and miscellaneous mixtures. Statistics for these groups cannot be published separately vd.thout 
disclosing information received in confidence. 



Table 10 shows the average annual production of dyes in the 5- 
year period 1947-51, together with annual data for 1952 and 1953, 
by class of application. Table 11 gives corresponding data for 
sales. Two classes of dyes accounted for 55.8 percent of the total 
output of all dyes in 1953. They are vat dyes, which accounted for 
36.8 percent, and direct dyes, which accounted for 19.0 percent. 
Three classes of dyes showed increases in production in 1953 over 
the 1947-51 average as follows: Vat dyes other than indigo, 11.5 
percent; azoic dyes, 7. 8 percent; and lake and spirit-soluble dyes, 
7.6 percent. On the other hand, the output of mordant and chrome 
dyes declined 43.3 percent; that of acid dyes, 26.5 percent; and 
that of direct dyes, 22.6 percent. 

Production and sales of ungrouped dyes (those having neither 
a Colour Index nor a prototype number) are shown by chemical 
class in table 12 and by class of application in table 13. Two 
chemical classes of ungrouped dyes accounted for 70.9 percent 
of the total output of these dyes in 1953: azo dyes accounted for 
40.2 percent, and anthraquinone vat dyes accounted for 30.7 percent. 
Of the total output of ungrouped dyes, arranged by class of appli- 
cation, vat dyes accounted for 32.0 percent in 1953; direct dyes, 
for 29.8 percent; and acetate rayon dyes, for 19.3 percent. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



25 



TABLE 10 -Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production of coal-tar dyes, by class of application, 
average 1947-51, mnual 1952 and 1953 



Class of application 



Acetate rayon- 

Ao id ■ " - 

Azoic— 

Basic 



Lake and spirit-soluble 

Mordant and chrome 

Sulfur 



Vat, total- 
Indigo 



All other coal-tar dyes- 



Acetnte rayon- 

Ao id——— 

Azoic 

Basic-———— 



Lake and spirit-soluble- 

Mordant and chrome 

Sulfur 



Vat, total- 
Indigo 



All other coal-tar dyes- 



Quantity (-1,000 pounds) 



187, 173 



7,^35 

21,103 

8,083 

8,654 

40,717 

5,825 

6,776 

24,999 

60,280 



21,614 
38, 666 



3,301 



145,209 



5,449 
12,037 
7,177 
6,245 
26,805 
4,490 
4,564 
18,847 

57,189 



17, 165 
40,024 



2,406 



165,806 



6,263 
15,510 
8,713 
7,981 
31,495 
6,270 
3,844 
22,489 

60,957 



17,839 
43,118 

2,284 



Percent of total quantity 



3.9 
11.3 
4.3 



3.6 
13.4 



100.0 



3.8 
8.3 
4.9 
4.3 

18.5 
3.1 
3.1 

13.0 



11.8 
27.6 



100.0 



3.8 
9.4 
5.2 
4.8 

19.0 
3.8 
2.3 

13.6 

36.8 



10.8 
26.0 



NOTE. — Ihe leuoo vat esters are included with vat dyes in 1949-53, and with direct dyes in 1947 and 1948. 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: United States sales of coal-tar dyes, by class of applicatic 
average 1947-51, annual 1952 and 1953 



Class of application 



Average 
1947-51 



Acetate rayon- 
Acid ' 

Azoic 

Basic 



Lake and spirit-soluble- 
Mordant and chrome——— 
Sulfur 



Vat, total- 
Indlgo — 



All other coal-tar dyes- 



Acetate rayon- 
Acid 

Azoic 

Basic 



Lake and spirit-soluble- 
Mordant and chrome 
Sulfur 



Vat, total- 
Indlgo 



All other coal-tar dyes- 



Quantity (1,000 pounds) 



175,322 



6,628 

19,246 

7,018 

7,790 

38,933 

5,353 

6,599 

25,057 

55,608 



21,173 
34,435 



3,090 



14S,603 



6,244 
12,479 
6,859 
6,389 
29,636 
4,689 
4,870 
19,475 

55,593 



16,565 
39,028 



2,369 



151,675 



5,927 

13,231 

6,741 

6,928 

29,174 

5,935 

3,845 

21,910 

55,853 



19,289 
36,564 



2,131 



Percent of total quantity 



100.0 



3.8 
11.0 
4.0 
4.4 
22.2 
3.1 
3.8 
14.3 

31.7 



12.1 
19.6 



100.0 



4.2 
8.4 
4.6 
4.3 

19.9 
3.2 
3.3 

13.1 

37.4 



11.1 
26.3 



100.0 



3.9 
8.7 
4.4 
4.6 

19.3 
3.9 
2.6 

U.4 



36.8 
12.7 
24.1 



See note at end of table. 
313486 O - 54 - 3 



26 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TA3LE 11. --Synthetic organic chemicals: United States saies of coal'tar dyes, by class of application, 
average 1947-51, annual 1952 and 1953- -Continued 



Class of application 



Average 
19<;7-51 



Acetate rayor- 
Acid 



Lake and spirit-soluble- 

Mordant and ehrcme 

Sulfur 



Vat, total- 
Indigo 



All other coal-tar dyes- 



Acetate rayon- 

Acid 

Azoic-———— 
Basic 



Lake and spirit-soluble- 

Mordant and chrome- 

Sulfur 



Vat, total- 
Indigo 



All other coal-tar dyes- 



Value (1,000 dollars) 



164,393 



9,118 

20,493 

13,968 

10,644 

36,128 

4,586 

5,922 

7,743 

48,554 



4,645 
43,909 

7,237 



170,699 



9,610 

16,106 

13,372 

9,376 

38,912 

5,216 

5,489 

6,337 

60,454 



4,383 
56,071 



5,827 



167,526 



9,577 
17,076 
12,254 
10,645 
37,462 
6,435 
4,829 
7,073 

55.705 



5,090 
50,615 



6,470 



Percent of total value 



12.5 
8.5 
6.5 

22.0 
2.8 
3.6 
4.7 



2.8 
26.7 



100.0 



5.6 
9.4 
7.8 
5.5 
22.8 
3.1 
3.2 
3.7 

35.4 



2.6 
32.8 



100.0 



5.7 
10.2 
7.3 
6.4 
22.4 
3.8 
2.9 
4.2 



33.2 
"~3T0" 
30.2 



NOTE. — The leuoo vat esters are included with vat dyes in 1949-53, and with direct dyes in 1947 and 1948. 

The statistics on sales of dyes in 1948-53 do not include the quantity and value of interplant transfers, 
as the statistics for 1947 and earlier years did. The sales statistics, therefore, are not strictly conpa- 
rahle with the sales statistics for earlier years. Before 1948, interplant transfers probably did not ac- 
count for more than 10 percent of the total of sales plus transfers. 



--Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
by chemical class, 1953 



ngrouped dyes. 



Chemical class 



Quantity 



Unit valua^ 



Total 

Azo 

Anthraquinone vat 

Stilbene 

Indigoid and thioindigoid 

Triphenylmethane and diphenylnaphthylmethane 
All other^ 



1,000 
pounds 

15, 9£ 



1,000 
Dounds 

14,173 



1,000 
dollar, 
28,394 



6,430 
4,916 
1,801 
1,572 
206 
(^) 
1,063 



5,937 
4,340 
1,579 
1,063 
207 
6 
1,041 



10,299 
7,630 
5,288 
2,749 
381 
18 
2,029 



Per 
pound 

»2.00 



1.73 
1.76 
3.35 
2.59 
1.84 
3.00 
1.95 



^ Unit value calculated on rounded figures. 

* Included in "All other." 

' Includes pyrazolone, xanthene, sulfur, aoridine, quinoline, azine, oxazlne, and miscellaneous dyes. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



27 



TABLF 13.--Syntheti 



organic chemicais: United States production and sales of 
by class of application, 1953 



ngrouped dyes. 



Class of application 



Production 



Quantity 



Unit value ^ 



Total- 



is, 9 



l-i.lVS 



1,000 
dollars 
28,394 



Acetate rayon- 

Aoid 

Azoic 

Direct 



Lake and spirit-soluble- 

Vat 

All other^ 



3,080 

377 

738 

4,771 

1,178 

5,122 

722 



2,569 
393 
586 
4,313 
1,077 
4,547 



4,356 
929 

1,408 
10,362 

2,458 

8,011 
870 



pound 

$2.00 



1.70 
2.36 
2.40 
2.40 
2.28 
1.76 
1.26 



^ Unit value calculated on rounded figures. 

^ Includes basic, sulfur, mordant and chrome, and miscellaneous dyes. 



Table 14 shows production and sales of azoic dyes and their 
components in 1953. The output of these products totaled 8,7 
million pounds in 1953, or 21.4 percent more than the 7.2 million 
pounds produced in 1952. Sales of these products in 1953 totaled 
6.7 million pounds, valued at 12.3 million dollars, compared with 
6.9 million pounds, valued at 13.4 million dollars, in 1952- -a 
decrease of 2.7 percent in quantity and 8.4 percent in value of 
sales. The output of rapidogens was 1.4 million pounds in 1953-- 
slightly more than the 1.3 million pounds produced in 1952; sales 
of rapidogens totaled 1.3 million pounds, valued at 3.5 million 
dollars, in 1953, compared with 1.4 million pounds, valued at 
4.6 million dollars, in 1952. Among the azoic components, pro- 
duction of fast color bases was about the same in 1953 as in 
1952; that of fast color salts increased 18.5 percent in 1953, 
compared with 1952; and that of Naphthol AS and derivatives 
increased 65.6 percent. 



28 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

TABLE U. -Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of azoic dye 
and their components, 1953 



Proto- 
type No, 



168 
169 



351 
171 
353 



258 
260 
117 
378 
270 
271 



499 
260 
26A 
267 
7 69 
269 
270 
501 
271 
273 
94 



302 
303 
304 
305 
306 
309 
310 

556 
311 
557 
312 
313 
314 



Dye or component 



Grand total^- 



Dyes and components for which separate statistics may 
not be shown^ 



Dyes and components for which separate statistics are 
shown below 



Pro- 
duction 



Rapidogen, total- 
Black 

Blue D 

Blue N 

Bordeaux 

Brown 

Orange 

Red GB 

Red RS- 



Red, other* 

Scarlet RS 

Scarlet, other- 
Violet B 

Yellow G 

Yellow 2G- 



Yellow, other* 

All other 



Fast color bases, total- 
Blue BB 

Bordeaux GP 

Red B 

Red ITR 

Red KB 

Red RC 

Scarlet G 

Scarlet R — 

All other 



Fast color salts, total - 

Blue B 

Bordeaux GP 

Orange GC 

Red AL 

Red GL 

Red 3GL 

Red KB 

Red PDC 

Red RC 

Red TR 

Scarlet 2G 

All other 



Naphthols, total 

Naphthol AS 

Naphthol AS-BO 

Naphthol AS-BR 

Naphthol AS-BS 

Naphthol AS-D 

Naphthol AS-G 

Naphthol AS-ITR 

Naphthol AS-KB 

Naphthol AS-MX 

Naphthol AS-OL 

Naphthol AS-PH 

Naphthol AS-RL 

Naphthol AS-SW 

Naphthol AS-TR 

All other 



8,713 



51 
8,662 



112 
142 



118 
123 
28 
21 
85 
25 



1.893 



(') 

232 

121 
19 
112 
462 
947 

2,151 



109 
160 
7 
142 
320 



10 
30 
193 
822 



2,639 



945 
31 
40 

255 

237 
26 
23 
29 
45 

111 
(') 
11 

562 
(') 

22i. 



Quantity Value 



1,000 
pounds 

6,741 



6,691 



114 
140 



73 
112 



1,000 
dollars 
12,254 



107 
12,147 



3,492 



(') 

170 



1.337 



19 
217 

11 
100 

11 

76 
360 
529 

2,601 



103 
148 

18 
134 
306 
824 

22 

14 

22 

180 

830 

1,500 



355 
372 
103 
122 
395 
176 
483 
197 
219 
199 
58 
93 
189 

(') 

(') 
531 



252 
42 
281 
23 
116 
449 
913 



577 
24 
32 
62 



(') 



_14t 



2.980 

"nF 

184 

21 

200 

287 

674 

49 

C) 

34 

45 

151 

1,217 

3,473 



761 
95 
106 
148 
142 



(') 



1,179 



Unit values calculated on rounded figures. 

Totals shown represent all azoic dyes and their components. Totals shown in tables 8A 
represent ungrouped dyes and their components only. 
^ Includes rapid fast and fur dyes. 

Includes oorinth and garnet. 
' Included in "All other." 
* Includes golden yellcw. 

Colour Index number. 



Unit 
value ■"■ 



pound 

$1.82 



2.14 

1.82 



2.79 






3.11 
2.66 
2.71 
3.05 
4.65 
2.41 
2.33 
2.74 
3.00 
1.78 
2.42 
5.47 
2.15 



5.64 
2.47 
1.16 
3.82 
2.81 
2.09 
1.53 
1.25 
1.73 

1.15 



(') 



1.15 
1.24 
1.17 
1.49 
.94 
.82 
2.23 
) 

2.43 

2.05 

.84 

1.47 

2.32 



(') 



1.32 
3.96 
3.31 
2.39 
2.06 
4.80 
4.35 
) 

2.07 
2.69 
2.82 
3.14 
2.40 
4.25 
5.01 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, I953 
Toners and Lakes 



29 



As the terms are used in this report, toners and lakes are 
synthetic organic pigments. Statistics on production and sales of 
all toners and lakes are given in table 15A. Statistics on the 
commercial forms of a few selected pigments (dry, flushed, or 
pulp) are given in table 16. 

Synthetic organic pigments are used in paints and related 
products, printing inks, and plastics and resin materials. Toners 
are full-strength pigments; lakes and reduced toners are extended 
or diluted colors. Whenever possible, individual lakes and toners 
are identified by the Colour Index number or prototype number of 
the dyes from which they may be made. 

The total output of organic pigments in 1953 was 44.1 million 
pounds, an increase of 13.6 percent over the 38.8 million pounds 
reported for 1952. Sales in 1953 were 36.7 million pounds, valued 
at 56. million dollars, compared with 35. 7 million pounds, valued 
at 48. 7 million dollars, in 1952. 

TABLE ISA. -Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of toners and lakes, 1953 

[Listed below are all toners and lakes for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. 
Table 15B in part III lists all toners and laies for which data on production or sales were reported and 
identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Quantity 



Unit 
value-"- 



Grand total 



44,056 



1,000 
pounds 

36,661 



1,000 
dollars 
56,031 



TO^ERS OR FULL-STRENGTH COLORS 



Products for which separate statistics may not be shown^- 
Products for which separate statistics are shown below — 



27,232 



22,060 



41,114 



38 
27,194 



41 
22,019 



175 
40,939 



Black toners- 



Blue toners, total 

Alkali blue (C.I. 704) 

Peacock blue R (C.I. 664), PMA and PTA 

Phthalooyanine blue B (Pr. 481) 

Setoglauoine (Peacock blue G) (C.I. 658), PMA- 
Setoglaucine (Peacock blue G) (C.I. 658), PTA- 

Victoria blue B (C.I. 729), PMA 

Victoria blue B (C.I. 729), PTA 

Victoria pure blue B (Pr. 198), PMA 

Victoria pure blue B (Pr. 198), PTA 

All other 



9,766 



Green toners, total 

Brilliant green (C.I. 662), PMA 

Brilliant green (C.I. 662), PTA 

Malachite green (C.I. 657), PMA 

Malachite green (C.I. 657), PTA 

Pigment green B (Pr. 149) 

All other 



1,297 

9 

2,447 



2,249 



1,132 

7 

1,732 



20 
75 
52 
38 
236 

1,827 



15 

906 

1,262 



Maroon toners, total- 



^ -Hydroxynaphthoic maroon (B.O.N, maroon) (Lithol maroon)- 

Toluidine maroon — 

All other 



TT" 

38 

8 

15 

647 

1,108 

616 
133" 



2,269 

43 

5,898 

35 

131 

48 

280 

212 

181 

669 



5,901 



200 
34 
66 

822 
4,735 



337 

320 

1,422 



Orange toners, total- 
Benzidine orange- 



_^9_ 



2,4-Dinitroaniline orange- 

o-Nitroaniline orange 

Ail other 



172 
56 



49 

154 

53 

60 



152 

211 

62 

140 



Ptr 
pound 

$1.53 



4.27 
1.86 



1.82 



2.94 
2.00 
6.14 
3.41 
4.38 
6.55 
2.40 
3.69 
4.08 
4.76 
2.83 



3.23 

5.26 
4.25 
4.40 
1.27 
4.27 



3.37 

3.48 
4.17 



1.79 
3.10 
1.37 
1.17 
2.33 



See footnotes at end of table. 



See also table 15B, part III, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies 
the manufacturers. 



30 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

TABLE ISA. --Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production . 
toners and lakes, i953- -Continued 



Quantity 



TONERS OR FULL-STRENGTH COLORS — Continued 



Red toners, total- 



o-Chloronitroaniline red (Chlorinated para red)- 
Eoslne (Bromo acid toner) (C.I. 758) — 
Lithol red R (C.I. 189), total 



Barium toner 

Calcium toner 

Sodium toner — 



Lithol rubine B (C.I. 163)- 

Naphthol AS (Pr. 302) 

Naphthol AS-BS (Pr. 305) 

Naphthol AS-D (Pr, 306) 

C.I. 44, Para red, light 

Para red, dark- 



Permanent red 2B ■ 

Pigment rubine 3G 

Red lake C (C.I. 165) 

Rhodamine B (C.I. 749), PMA 

Rhodamine B (C.I. 749), PTA 

Rhodamine 6G (C.I. 752), PMA 



Rhodamine 60 (C.I. 752), PTA- 

C.I. 69, Toluidine red 

Vulcan fast red B (Pr. 476) — 

All other 

Violet toners: 



Methyl violet B (C.I. 680), PMA 

Methyl violet B (C.I. 680), PTA 

Methyl violet B (C.I. 680), fugitive- 



Yellow toners, total 

Benzidine yellow 

Pr. 103. Hansa yellow G 

Pr. 105, Hansa yellow lOG 

All other 



LAKES OR LAKED COLORS 



Products for which separate statistics may not be shown-'- 
Products for which separate statistics are shown below 

Black lakes-—-—— . — - __-__ 

Blue lakes, total- 



Methylene blue (C.I. 922) 

Peacock blue, fugitive (Patent blue) (C.I. 671) 

Victoria blue B (C.I. 729) 

Victoria pure blue B (Pr. 198) 



Brown lakes, total 

Bismarck brown R (C.I. 332)- 
All other 



Green lakes, total 

Acid green B (C.I. 669) 

Malachite green (C.I. 657) 

All other 

Maroon lakes: 

Azo Bordeaux (C.I. 88) 

Helio fast rubine 4BL (Pr. A06) 

Orange lakes: Persian orange (Acid orange Y) (Orange II) 
(CI. 151) 



Red lakes, total—— — — — 

Alizarin red B (C,I, 1027) 

Eosine (Bromo acid lake) (C.I, 768) 

Permanent red 2B 



Pigment scarlet 3B (CI. 
Rhodamine B (CI. 749)- 



216)- 



Rhodamir.e 60 (Rhodamine Y) (CI, 752)- 
Soarlet 2R (CI. 79) 

All other — —————— — 



1,000 
ounds 
15,548 



667 

761 

5,193 

2,749 

1,757 

687 

692 

201 

79 

66 

1,295 

515 

1,392 

6 

1,092 

17 

28 

32 

72 

2,577 

185 

678 

282 



3,191 



1,896 
878 
149 
268 



6,627 



463 
6,164 



2,660 



2,165 



20 
387 



10 
721 



217 
186 



256 
1,562 



77 

250 

6 

32 
441 
496 



13,049 



i3i 

236 

4,857 

2,485 

1,705 

667 

679 

90 

59 

50 

1,037 

471 

1,279 

7 

• 961 



267 
78 
354 

2,175 



1,439 
494 
79 
163 



5,277 



440 
4,837 



1,774 



1,379 



19 
305 



199 
178 



219 
1,389 



74 
249 



403 

471 



1.000 
dollars 
16,541 



^i95 
363 

3,905 

1,944 

1,407 
554 
913 
240 
215 
147 
962 
421 

2,436 
13 

1,128 

47 

135 

158 

421 

2,911 
343 

1,288 

552 
283 
441 

4,780 



2,944 
964 

152 
720 



5,923 



329 

5,594 



2,126 



54 

1,312 

36 

22 

702 



10 
329 



107 
404 



117 
1,675 



379 

7 

60 

341 

9 

34 

188 

657 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



31 



TABLE l3A.- -Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sates of 
toners and lakes, I95J- -Continued 



LAKES OR LAKED COLORS — Continued 



Violet lakes, total 



Methyl violet B (C.I. 

All other 

Yellow lakes: 

Fast light yellow (C.I. 636) 






Quinollne yellow (C.I. 801) 

Tartrazine (C.I. 640) 



REDUCED OR EXTENDED TONERS 



Products for which separate statistics may not be shown 

Products for which separate statistics are shown below 



Blue toners, reduced: 

Peacock blue R (C.I. 664), PMA and PTA 

Phthalocyanine blue B (Pr. 481) 

Setoglaucine (Peacock blue G) (C.I. 658), PMA 

Setoglaucine (Peacock blue G) (C.I. 658), PTA 

Green toners, reduced: 

Brilliant green (C.I. 662), PMA and PTA 

Malachite green (C.I. 657), PMA and PTA 

Orange toners, reduced: o-Nitroaniline orange 



pounds 



10,197 



6,383 
3,8U 



Red toners, reduced, total- 
Lithol red R (C.I. 189)— 
Naphthol AS-BS (Pr. 305)- 
Para reds — 



Rhodamine B (C.I. 749), PMA and PTA 

Rhodamine 6G (C.I. 752), PMA and PTA 

C.I. 69, Toluidine red 

All other 

Violet toners, reduced: 

Ethyl violet (C.I. 682), PMA 

Methyl violet B (C.I. 680), PMA and PTA- 

Yellow toners, reduced: Benzidine yellow — 



1,324 
16 



Quantity Value 



9,324 



5,747 
3,577 



18 
1,148 



J, 000 
dollars 



8,994 



5,035 
3,959 



26 

1,647 

18 

22 

125 



367 


1,404 


186 


l86 


232 


232 


85 


94 


72 


74 


112 


110 


134 


134 


546 


574 


300 


259 


153 


140 


405 


374 



Unit 
value^ 



J3ai 



.99 
5.09 

1.53 

1.50 

.97 



1.43 
1.29 
2.20 

.77 



319 


.94 


97 


.52 


340 


1.47 


25 


.27 


64 


.86 


86 


.78 


67 


.50 


640 


1.11 


308 


1.19 


108 


.77 


358 


.96 



^ Calculated on rounded figures. 

^ Includes all brown toners and unspecified violet toners. 
' Includes unspecified maroon, orange, and yellow lakes. 

* Includes all brown and maroon reduced toners and unspecified blue, green, orange, violet, and yellow 
reduced toners. 

NOTE. — The C.I. and Pr. numbers stand for Colour Index and prototype numbers of the dyes from which the 
lakes or toners may be produced. When the number precedes the name of the toner, it signifies that the toner 
is the same as the dye described in the Colour Index or prototype listing. 

The abbreviations PMA and PTA stand for phosphomolybdio and phosphotungstio acids, respectively. Pigments 
formerly listed as PTMA (phosphotungstomolybdio acid) are now included with PTA colors. 

Production in 1953 of toners (full-strength colors) was 27.2 
million pounds- -5.4 million pounds more than the output in 1952. 
Sales of these colors in 1953 totaled 22.0 million pounds, valued 
at 41.1 million dollars, compared with 19.6 million pounds, valued 
at 34.2 million dollars, in 1952. About 57 percent of the output of 
full-strength toners in 1953 consisted of red toners (15.5 million 
pounds). Of the individual toners for which separate statistics 
may be shown, those produced in the largest quantities were 
lithol red R toners (C.I. 189), 5.2 million pounds; toluidine red 
(C.I. 69), 2.6 million pounds; phthalocyanine blue B (Pr. 481), 
2.4 million pounds; benzidine yellow, 1.9 million pounds; and 
permanent red 2B , 1.4 million pounds. 

The combined production of lakes and reduced toners in 1953 
was 16.8 naillion pounds, compared with 16.9 million pounds in 
1952. Combined sales of lakes and reduced toners in 1953 were 
14.6 million pounds, valued at 14.9 million dollars, compared 
with 16.0 million pounds, valued at 14.6 million dollars, in 1952. 
Of the extended pigments for which. separate statistics naay be 
shown, blues constituted the leading group. Production of fugitive 
peacock blue lake (C.I. 671) in 1953 was 2.2 million pounds, and 
of phthalocyanine blue B reduced toner (Pr. 481), 1. 3 million 
pounds. 



32 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 16. --Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of selected dry, 
flushed, and pulp colors, 1953' 

[Listed below are selected dry, flushed, and pulp colors for which data on production may be published) 



Dry, flushed, and pulp forms 



Alkali blue toner (C.I. 
Dry form- 



704): 



Flushed form 

Pulp form 

Benzidine yellow toner: 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 

Eosine (C.I. 768) and phloxine (C.I. 774) toners: 

Dry form 

Fliished form 

Lithol red R (C.I. 189), barium toner: 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 

Lithol red R (C.I. 189), calcium toner: 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 

Lithol red R (C.I. 189), sodium toner:^ 

Dry form 



Flushed form 

Methyl violet B (C.I. 680), fugitive: 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp form- 



Methyl violet B (C.I. 

Dry form 

Fliished form- 



680) , permanent (PMA and PTA) : 



Peacock blue (C.I. 671), fugitive: 
Dry form- 



Flushed form- 



Toluidine red toner (C.I. 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 



69): 



Produc- 
tion 



1,000 
ounds 

99 

2,685 

581 

1,460 

2,337 

608 

250 
1,735 

2,167 

1,695 

350 

1,498 
650 
226 

519 
402 

250 
553 



312 
226 

905 
2,668 

2,182 
632 
445 



Quantity 



2,698 
519 

1,236 

2,309 

229 



1,981 

1,538 

176 

1,424 
700 
110 

536 
297 

225 
478 



291 
222 

519 
2,048 

1,660 
415 
351 



1,000 
dollars 
191 
2,929 

654 

2,237 

1,321 

243 

218 
772 

1,509 
650 



1,116 
357 



424 
151 



290 
312 



599 
233 

519 
1,185 

2,408 
324 
156 



Unit 
value^ 



$1.95 
1.09 
1.26 

1.81 

.57 

1.06 



2.06 
1.05 

1.00 
.58 

1.45 
.78 
.44 



^ Statistics on production and sales of the organic pigments (color lakes and toners) listed in this table 
are given in terms of the commeroial (physical) forms in which they enter commercial channels. Data on the 
flushed and pulp forms therefore are in terms of total weight, including pigment and vehicle (water or oil). 

^ Calculated on rounded figures. 

' Data on the pulp form were received in confidence and may not be published. 

Statistics on the selected dry, flushed, and pulp colors in 
table 16 show that in 1953 the quantity of production and sales of 
the toners alkali blue, benzidine yellow, fugitive methyl violet B, 
fugitive peacock blue, and eosine and phloxine toners in the flushed 
form exceeded the quantity of production and sales in the dry form. 
Production and sales, in the dry form, of permanent methyl 
violet B (PMA and PTA), toluidine red, and the barium, calcium, 
and sodium toners of lithol red R exceeded production and sales 
in the flushed fornn.. In 1953, for most pigments, production and 
sales in the pulp form were smaller than those in either the 
flushed or the dry form. 

Medicinals 



In this report medicinal chemicals are divided into three major 
groups: (l) Benzenoid compounds, derived principally from coal 
tar; (2) alicyclic and heterocyclic compounds, usually derived from 
vegetable products and animal tissues but sometimes also from coal 
tar; and (3) acyclic compounds, usually derived from petroleum and 
from natural gas, or from grain by fermentation. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, i953 33 

Statistics on production of medicinals are in terms of 100-per- 
cent content of the medicinal itself, exclusive of all diluents or 
other materials used in mixing or compounding tablets, solutions, 
and suspensions for consumer use. Except for antibiotics, the 
statistics on sales include only that part of the original (primary) 
production which was sold in undiluted or uncompounded form, 
including that sold in bulk and that sold in packages (tablets, 
ampoules, etc.). Sales of antibiotics include all forms- -diluted or 
undiluted, in bulk or in packages. 

In 1953 the production of all medicinal chemicals covered in 
this report amounted to 67 million pounds (see table ITA*^)-- 
slightly less than the output reported for 1952. Sales in 1953 totaled 
54 million pounds, valued at 409 million dollars, compared with 
51 million pounds, valued at 430 million dollars, in 1952. 

The output in 1953 of all cyclic medicinals was 51 million 
pounds, of which 3"' million pounds consisted of benzenoid chemi- 
cals. Production of acyclic medicinals in 1953 was 16 million 
pounds, compared with 11 million pounds in 1952. In terms of 
quantity, acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) was the most important 
medicinal produced in 1953. The output in that year was 14 million 
pounds, compared with 13 million pounds in 1952; sales in 1953 
were 12 million pounds, valued at 6 million dollars. In 1953 the 
output of sulfa drugs totaled 4.7 million pounds, compared with 
5.8 million pounds in 1952; sales in 1953 were 3.1 million pounds, 
valued at 16.8 million dollars, compared with 3.1 million pounds, 
valued at 15.9 million dollars, in 1952. Production of barbituric 
acid derivatives in 1953 totaled 634,000 pounds--an increase of 
18.1 percent from the 537,000 pounds reported for 1952. Sales in 
1953 totaled 427,000 pounds, valued at 2.8 million dollars. 

As a group, the antibiotics were the most important medicinals 
produced in 1953, in terms of value. In 1953 the combined output of 
all antibiotics for human and veterinary use was 1,630,000 pounds-- 
an increase of 143,000 pounds over the 1,487,000 pounds produced 
in 1952. Sales in 1953 totaled 1,467,000 pounds, valued at 231 
million dollars, compared with 1,321,000 pounds, valued at 267 
million dollars, in 1952, reflecting a decline in prices. Produc- 
tion of penicillin salts in 1953 totaled about 372 trillion inter- 
national units, compared with 342 trillion international units in 

1952. Sales in 1953 were about 354 trillion international units, 
valued at 58 million dollars, compared with sales of 287 trillion 
international units, valued at 83 million dollars, in 1952. Peni- 
cillin procaine was the most important penicillin salt produced in 

1953. The output of dihydrostreptomycin in 1953 declined to 
305,000 pounds from the 337,000 pounds reported for 1952. The 
output of streptomycin in 1953, however, was 125,000 pounds, 
compared with 50,000 pounds in 1952. The combined output of 
most of the broad-spectrum antibiotics in 1953 was 441,000 pounds, 
compared with 414,000 pounds in 1952. The output of antibiotics 
for animal feed supplements in 1953 was 434,000 pounds, compared 
with the 258,000 pounds reported for 1952. 

Among the other important medicinals produced in 1953 were 
the vitamins. The combined output of vitamins as a group in 1953 
was 4.7 million pounds, compared with an output of 4.9 million 



^ See also table 17B, part HI, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies 
the manufacturers. 



34 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

TABLE 17 A. --Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of medicinals, 1953 

[Listed below are all synthetic organic medicinals for which any reported data on production or sales may 
be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are confidential and may not be published or 
where no data were reported.) Table 17B in part III lists alphabetically all medicinals for which data 
on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Production^ 



Sales^ 



Value Unit value' 



Grand total- 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC 



Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown- 
Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below — 



Aoetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin)- 

Adrenaline (Epinephrine) 

Amino acids 



p-Aminobenzoic aeid- 



p-Aminobenzoic acid derivatives, total - 

Benzocalne (Ethyl p-amnobenzoate ) 

Procaine base and hydrochloride 

All other 



p-Aminobenzoio acid salts 

4-Aminosalicylic acid and salts — 

Bismuth subgallate 

Bismuth subsalicylate 

0., a'-Diethyl-4,<i'-stilben6diol (Diethylstilbestrol) 

N-a-Dimethylphenethylamine base and hydrochloride 

Dyes , medicinal 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid esters; 

Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

Propyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

a-Methylphenethylamine (Amphetamine) (Benzedrine) base- 

a-Methylphenethylamine salts 

Phenylmerourio derivatives 

Prostigmine (Neostigmine) methyl sulfate 

Resorcinol monoacetate 

Salioylamide 

Salicylic acid — 



Salicylic acid salts, total- 

Calciuni salicylate 

Sodium salicylate 

All other 



Silver picrate ~ 

Sodium ethylmercurithiosallcylate 

Sulfa drugs 

Thymol iodide — '■ 

3-o-Toloxy-l,2-propanediol (o-Cresyl a-glyceryl ether) - 

Vitamin K and derivatives 

All other benzenold medicinals ~ 



Mi 



and Htt€ 



Total- 



Alkaloids, total 

Berberine and salts 

Homatroplne and salts- 
All other — 



Amino acids- 



Antibiotics for human or veterinary use, total 

Dihydrostreptorayoln 

Penicillin salts, total^o ^^ 

Dlpenicillin G dlbenzylethylenedlamine 

Penicillin potassium 

Penicillin procaine 

Penicillin sodium 

Streptomycin 

All other .. 

See footnotes at end of table . 



1.000 
pounds 
66,585 



51,003 



10,505 
^0,A98 



37,232 



13,713 
(*) 

3 



431 
17 



<i78 
30 
134 



(*) 



136 
8,020 



13,771 



(') 



305 
753 

37 
132 
556 

28 
125 



54,227 



1,000 
dollars 
409,068 



41,080 



380,914 



8,496 
32,584 



22,036 
358,878 



28,942 



37,92.6 



11,664 

(*) 

(') 

43 

503 



6,060 



192 

1,299 

197 



(*) 



117 
5,637 



155 
2,154 



726 
36 

(«) 

3,061 

21 

277 

1 

6,523 



12,138 



3 
423 



15 



20 

16,760 

155 

482 

21 

8,539 



342, S 



231,484 



4 


1,520 


297 


24,547 


708 


57,752 


32 


4,183 


144 


24,170 


509 


26,851 


23 


2,548 


104 


10,7!:5 


354 


136,880 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



TABLE ITA. -Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of medic 



35 

3is, J95J- -Continued 



Production-^ 



Sales^ 



Quantity- 



Value Unit value' 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 
Alicyclic and He terocyclic— Continued 



Antitiotios for animal feed supplements- 
Antihistajnines 



Bartiturio acid derivatives, total 

5-Allyl-5-(l-methylbutyl)l)ai'bituric acid (Secobarbital) 

and salt 

5,5-Diethylbarbiturio acid (Barbital) and salt 

5-Ethyl-5-(l-methylbutyl)barbiturio acid (Pentobarbital) 

and salts 

5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid (Phenobarbital) (Luminal)- 

5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid salts 

All other 



Bile acids and salts, total- 
Cholic acid 



Dehydrooholic acid- 
Desoxycholic acid — 
All other 



Bromooamphor , mono 

Caffeine, na-tural and synthetic 

Caffeine citrate 

Caffeine sodium benzoate 

Camphoric acid 

5-Chloro-7-iodo-8-quinolinol ( lodoohlorohydroxyquinoline ) - 

Dihydrooodeinone bitartrate *- 

5,7-Diiodo-8-quinolinol 

5,5-Diphenylhydantoin and sodium salt 



Hormones , total 

Estrone 

17-Hydroxy-ll-dehydrocorticosterone (Cortisone) - 

Progesterone 

All other 



8-Hydroxy-7-iodo-5-quinolinesulfonio acid (Yatren acid) 

and salt 

Phenothiazine 

Piperazine — 

Rutin ! 



Terpinol hydrate 

Theobromine and derivatives 

Theophylline base and derivatives, total 

Theqphylline base (1,3-Dimethylaanthine) 

Theophylline ethylenediamine (Aminophylline) 

All other 

Vitamins, total — 



A (Alcohol and esters),^* from all sources : 

B], (Thiamin derivatives) 

Bj (Riboflavin) for human and for animal and poultry con- 
sumption, lOOJt 

Bs ( Pyr idoxine ) 

Bi2) all grades 

D2 (Irradiated ergosterol)^' 

D3 (Irradiated animal sterol) *°- 



Niacin (Nicotinic acid), niacinamide, and niacinamide 

hydrochloride 

All other — — 



All other alicyclic and heterocyclic mediclnals- 
MEDICINAI£, ACYCLIC 
Total 



Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown — 
Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below 



Acetylcholine chloride 

Acetyl-^-methylohollne ohloride- 



1,000 
pounds 

63^ 



l.OCO 
pounds 
" 391 
43 

<127 



128 
303 



37 

57 

102 



1,554 
10 



1,580 



(14) 



3,700 

21 

9 

74 

164 

167 



3,370 



131 
118 



96 

10 

2,700 



74 
2,309 



113 
277 



266 
18 



1,893 
131 



2,165 



15,582 



8,486 
7,096 



(") 



85 
194 



192 
18 



(18) 



1,660 
158 



1,973 



13,147 



7,239 
5,908 



(21) 
(22) 



1,000 
dollars 
19,423 
1,195 

2,757 



316 

1,160 

77 

1,054 



2,516 



4.644 



4,644 



12 

1,637 

59 

29 
369 

499 



336 
59,171 



10,808 
10,988 

7,673 
4,267 
14,270 
540 
1,364 

6,037 
3,224 

13,497 



28,154 



4,353 
23,801 



ound 
$49.68 
27.69 



10.12 
4.05 



333 


9.70 


462 


17.65 


615 


14.68 


1,106 


16.99 


32 


2.44 


4,913 


3.11 


32 


2.61 


5 


4.38 


22 


3.58 


36 


5.11 


254 


253.76 


57 


5.05 


115 


3.50 



1.154.92 



1,154.92 



5.60 

.49 

2.77 



.58 

2.81 



4.54 
25.63 



(17) 

56.69 

39.89 
232.64 
74,709.47 
(17) 
(17) 

3.64 
20.54 



.60 
4.03 



17.36 
69.62 



See footnotes at end of table. 



36 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 17A. --Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of medicinals, 795J- -Continued 



Production^ 



Sales^ 



Quantity 



Value Unit value'' 



MEDICINALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 



Amino acids, total - 
/W-Alanine 



1(+) -Glutamic aoid- 
iU.1 other 



Betaine hydrochloride 

Calcium succinate 

Choline bitartrate 

Choline chloride, for poultry feed and for use as a chemical 

intermediate 

Choline chloride, medicinal grade 

Methylene iodide 

Methyl iodide 

Sodium succinate 



Tartaric acid, calcium salt- 



Vitamins , total 

Ascorhic acid and derivatives 

Pantothenic acid and derivatives, total- 
Pantothenic acid, d-calcium salt 



Pantothenic acid, dl-calcium salt 

All other 



poinds 



1,759 



197 
92 
1,470 



3,108 
53 



1,958 
1,672 



286 

161 

105 

20 



1,000 
pounds 
1,466 



150 

134 

1,182 



50 
108 



2,301 
40 



1,896 



1,770 
126 



1,000 

dollar: 

3,636 



305 
2,883 



37 
158 

1,138 
62 
81 



18,579 



15,865 
2,714 



2,714 



pound 
$2.48 



2.99 
2.28 
2.44 



.49 
1.55- 
7.67 
3.79 

.95 
1.48 



9.80 



21.54 



^ Production of medicinals in bulk only. The statistics do not include the production of finished prepara- 
tions, such as tablets, capsules, and ampoules, which are manufactured from bulk medicinals. 

^ Except for antibiotics, sales include only that part of the original production which is sold in undi- 
luted or uncoiiipounded form including that sold in bulk and that sold in packages (tablets, ampoules, etc.). 
Sales of antibiotics include all forms (both imdiluted or uncoiiipounded and diluted or compounded) including 
that sold in bulk and that sold in packages. 

^ Calculated on the exact (i.e., unrounded) figures. 

* Production of adrenaline totaled 136 pounds; sales totaled 27 pounds. 
' Sales of benzenoid amino acids totaled 571 pounds. 

* Production and sales of prostigmine methyl sulfate each totaled 27 pounds. 
' Production and sales of silver piorate each totaled 116 pounds. 

* Sales of sodium ethylmercurithiosalicylate totaled 279 pounds. 

' Production of alicyolic and heterocyclic amino acids totaled 281 pounds. 

^° Penicillin salts, in terms of international units, were reported as follows: 



Production 



Quantity 



Total 

Dipenicillin G dibenzylethylenediamine 

Penicillin potassium 

Penicillin procaine 

Penicillin sodium 



Billion inter, 
national units 

371,589 



lai units 

354,024 



1.000 
dollars 

57,752 



$163.13 



19,099 

92,518 

239,764 

20,208 



16,787 
100,979 
219,495 

16,763 



4,183 
24,170 
26,851 

2,548 



249.18 
239.36 
122.33 
152.00 



■"■^ Excludes minor quantities of miscellaneous penicillin salts for which data cannot be shovm separately. 
These data are included with "All other" antibiotics. 

^^ Commercial sales are based on international units. 

Quantities reported in units have been converted to pounds, using as a factor the average units per 
pound of the medicinal grade as determined by the U. S. Food and Drug Administration. 

^* Production of estrone totaled 25 pounds. 

•"■' Production of progesterone totaled 100 pounds. 

^* Production of vitamin A alcohol and esters made from lemon-grass oil and fish oil totaled 106,946 bil- 
lion U.S.P. units; sales totaled 82,368 billion U.S. P. units. Quantities in pounds shown in the table have 
been calculated from the U.S.P. units reported for each vitamin A compound, using the theoretical weight per 
unit. 

^' Commercial sales are based on U.S.P. units. 

^* Production of vitamin B12, all grades, totaled 387 pounds; sales totaled 191 pounds. 

"•' Production of vitamin D2 totaled 25,824 billion U.S.P. units; sales totaled 23,147 billion. Calculated 
at the rate of 18.14 billion units per pound, production totaled 1,424 pounds and sales totaled 1,276 pounds. 

*° Production of vitamin D3 totaled 24,244 billion U.S.P. units; sales totaled 21,713 billion. Calculated 
at the rate of 18.14 billion units per pound, production totaled 1,337 pounds and sales totaled 1,197 pounds. 

^^ Production of acetylcholine chloride totaled 440 pounds. Sales totaled 447 pounds. 

^^ Production of aoetyl-^-methylchollne chloride totaled 379 pounds. Sales totaled 369 pounds. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 37 

pounds in 1952. Sales in 1953 were 4.2 million pounds, valued 
at 78 million dollars. In terms of quantity, the output in 1953 of 
some of the more important vitamins was as follows: Niacin, 
niacinamide, and niacinamide hydrochloride, 1.9 million pounds; 
ascorbic acid and derivatives, 1.7 nnillion pounds; thiamin deriva- 
tives, 277,000 pounds; riboflavin, 266,000 pounds; and vitamin A 
alcohol and esters, 107 trillion U.S. P. units, or 113,000 pounds 
(as calculated from the data reported in U.S. P. units, using the 
theoretical weight per unit as a basis). 

Flavor and Perfume Materials 

Flavor and perfume materials, which are chemicals with 
desirable flavors or odors, are used in the manufacture of food, 
beverages, cosmetics, and soaps, and to disguise unpleasant 
odors in industrial products. This report covers flavor and per- 
fume materials derived from nat-iral products by actual chemical 
processes, and from coal tar. It does not cover purely natural 
products, such as floral essences, essential oils, and other per- 
fume materials obtained by simple extraction or by distillation 
from natural vegetable and aninnal sources. 

On the basis of their chemical structure, the flavors and per- 
fumes covered in this report are grouped as either cyclic or 
acyclic materials. Cyclic materials are further classified as (1) 
benzenoid and naphthalenoid, and (2) terpenoid, heterocyclic, and 
alicyclic. Statistics on the production and sales of flavor and 
perfume materials in 1953 are given in table 18A.^ 

Production of flavor and perfume materials as a group totaled 
34 million pounds in 1953, compared with the 28 million pounds 
reported for 1952. Sales in 1953 were 31 million pounds, valued 
at 47 million dollars, compared with 26 million pounds, valued 
at 40 million dollars, in 1952. 

The output of benzenoid and naphthalenoid flavor and perfume 
materials in 1953 was 11 million pounds, an increase of 14.2 per- 
cent from the 10 million pounds reported for 1952. Sales in 1953 
were 10 million pounds, valued at 13 million dollars, compared 
with 9 million pounds, valued at 1 1 million dollars, in 1952. 
Methyl salicylate (synthetic wintergreen oil) is the chemical in 
this group produced in greatest volume; in 1953 production totaled 
3.2 million pounds--an increase of 28.5 percent from the output 
in 1952. Two important chemicals in this group for which statistics 
may not be shown are benzyl benzoate and vanillin. 

In 1953 the output of terpenoid, heterocyclic, and alicyclic 
flavor and perfume materials was 7.3 million pounds, compared 
with 5.8 million pounds in 1952- -an increase of 26.0 percent. 
Sales in 1953 were 6.1 million pounds, valued at 8.7 million dollars, 
compared with 5.1 million pounds, valued at 8.1 million dollars, 
in 1952. In volume of production, the most important chemicals in 
this group in 1953 were the alpha and beta terpineols (2,013,000 
pounds) and geraniol (551,000 pounds). 



See also table 18B, part III, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies 
the manufacturers. . 



38 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 18k. -Synthetic organ! 



chemicals: United States production and sales of flavor and 
perfime materials, 1953 



[Listed below are all synthetic organic flavor and perfvune materials for which any reported data on produc- 
tion or sales may be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are confidential and may not be 
published, or where no data were reported. ) Table 18B in part III lists alphabetically all flavor and 
perfume materials for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of 
each! 



Grand total- 



FLAVOR AND PERIJME MATERIALS, CYCLIC 



Total 



Materials for which separate statistics may not be shown- 
Materials for which separate statistics are shown below — 

Benzenoid and Naphthalenoid 



a-Amyloinnamaldehyde 

Amyl salicylate (Isoamyl salicylate )- 
Anethole 



Anisaldehyde 

Benzophenone 

Benzyl acetate 

Benzyl alcohol^ 

Benzyl butyrate- 



Benzyl einnamate- — 

Benzyl formate 

Benzyl isoeugenyl ether — 

Benzyl propionate 



Benzyl salicylate — — — ~ — ___ 

Cinnamyl acetate- - —- _—- 

Ethyl anthranilate 

Ethyl a, #-epoxy-^-methylhydrocinnamate (Ethyl methylphenyl- 

glycidate) 

Eugenol _— — 

Eugenyl methyl ether 

laobutyl benzoate 

laoeugenol 

2-Methoxynaphthalene (Methyl A -naphthyl ether) 

Methyl salicylate (Synthetic wintergreen oil)- 
Phenethyl aoetate- 
Phenethyl alcohol- 



Pro- 
duction 



p-Tolyl acetate (p-Cresyl acetate) 

p-Tolyl phenylacetate (p-Cresyl a -toluate ) 

All other benzenoid and naphthalenoid materials — 



Terpenoid, Heterocyclic, andAlicycli 



Cedryl acetate—— 
Citral (Geranial)- 

Citronellal 

Citronellol 



Citronellyl acetate 

Citronellyl propionate — 
Coumarin i " - 



Geranyl acetate 

Geranyl formate 

Hydroxycitronellal- 

o-Ionohe 

^lonone- 



lonone (a- and ;9-)- 
Linalool 



Linalyl acetate 

Llnalyl bensoate- 
Linalyl formate — 
Llnalyl proplonate- 



Menthol, synthetic, tech. 

Methyl- a-ionone 

Hethylionone (a- and fi-)- 
Nerol— 



Pipercmal (Heliotropln)- 



1,000 
pounds 
33, 871 



18,458 



6,828 
11,630 



11,153 



n 



Sales 



Quantity Value 



31,080 



16, 512 



102 
6 



3,174 



4,218 



7,305 



3 
359 
551 

30 

2 

148 

10 
111 

38 
251 
120 

(') 

"'77 

52 

2 

240 



5,742 
10,770 



10,402 



203 


201 


297 


282 


... 


... 


531 


787 


462 


193 


186 


347 


150 


157 


179 


557 


567 


309 


775 


684 


328 


2 







e) 



45 
5 

2,802 

54 

733 



4,049 



6,110 



1,000 
dollars 
46,528 



21,419 



9,886 
11, 533 



12,690 



A6 

48 

1 

165 

3 

3 

397 

521 

27 

2 

118 

9 

69 

34 

48 

89 

(') 
255 

66 
59 
2 

243 



34 
185 

3 

152 

10 

1,290 

74 

948 

2 

4 

7,996 



8,729 



102 
139 



1,053 

436 

35 

8 

472 

47 

290 

101 

238 

449 

1 

3 

2 

1,137 

321 

264 

19 

615 



pound 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, I953 



39 



TABLE ISA- --Synthetic orianic chemicals: United States production and sales of flavor and 
per time materials , /95J- -Continued 



Pro- 
duction 



Quantity Value 



Unit 
valiie^ 



FLAVOR Am PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC—Contlnued 
Terpenoid, Hettrocyclic, and Alicyclic — Continued 



Rhodinyl acetate- 

Safrole 

Santalol 



Terplneols (a-, g-, and a- + ^-)- 

Terpinyl acetate , ■ . .,.------■ 

Vetivenyl acetate- 



All other terpenoid, heterocyclic, and allcycllc materials 

FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, ACYCLIC 



1,000 
pounds 

8 

(') 

138 

1 

2,013 

2-;5 

7 

2,610 



15, -413 



6 

115 

1,833 

255 

3 

1,693 



U, 568 



1,000 
dollar, 

159 



368 
118 



1,890 



25,109 



Materials for which separate statistics may not be shovm — 
Materials for which separate statistics are shown below 

Allyl caproate- 
n-Butyl butyrate- 



418 
U,995 



295 
U,273 



510 
24,599 



Ethyl butyrate 

Ethyl caprate (Ethyl deeylate) 

Etl^l oaproate (Ethyl hexoate) 

Ethyl caprylate (Ethyl oetoate) 

Glutamic acid, monoaodlum salt (Monosodlum glutamate)- 

Isoamyl butyrate (Amyl butyrate) 

Isoanyl formate {Aayl formate) 

Isoamyl propionate (Amyl propionate) 

Isobutyl acetate- - — 



14,738 
30 



14,029 
30 



138 
2 
2 
1 
2 
24,419 
21 



Per 
pound 

$25.73 

26.36 

.75 

.20 

.46 

29.03 

1.12 



1.72 
1.72 



2.30 
1.31 

.69 
1.09 
1.87 
1.03 
2.70 
1.74 

.69 
1.02 
1.01 

.55 



Calculated on the exact (i.e., unrounded) figures. 
^ Includes some technical and medicinal benzyl alcohol. 
' Less than 500 pounds. 
* Includes chemically modified essential oils. 

Production of acyclic flavor and perfunne materials in 1953 
totaled 15.4 million pounds--an increase of 26.6 percent over the 
12.2 million pounds produced in 1952. By far the most important 
material in this group in 1953 was monosodium glutamate, pro- 
duction of which amounted to 14.7 million pounds- -or more than 
95 percent of the total output of acyclic perfume and flavoring 
materials. 

Plastics and Resin Materials 



The products covered in this section of the report are synthetic 
plastics and resin materials which are formed by the condensation 
or polymerization of organic chennicals together with certain addi- 
tives which are necessary to impart certain qualities to the resins 
or to improve their physical properties. Sorne types of these 
materials may be molded, cast, or extruded into semifinished or 
finished forms. Others are used for adhesive s, for the treatment 
of textiles and paper, and for protective coatings. Some plastics 
are made into sheets of filnm of varying thicknesses, which are 
used in the production of rainwear, shower curtains, draperies, 
and wrapping materials. Cellulose plastics, being derived from 
natural raw materials, are not included in this section. (See 
appendix D.) Except for the data on vinyl resins, which are shown 
on the basis of resin content, the statistics on plastics and resin 
materials in this report are given on the basis of the total weight 
of the materials, excluding liquids. 



40 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Statistics on the production and sales of plastics and resins in 
1953 are given in table 19A^ according to the chemical composi- 
tion of the materials and in table 20 according to their uses. In 
1953 the total output of all synthetic plastics and resin materials 
(except cellulosics) announted to 2,777 million pounds, or 19.0 
percent more than the 2,333 million pounds reported for 1952. 
Sales in 1953 amounted to 2,372 million pounds, valued at 838 
million dollars, connpared with 2,045 million pounds, valued at 
727 million dollars, in 1952. Production of cellulose plastics in 
1953 (table 30) was 129 million pounds. 

TABLE 19A- -'Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of plastics and resin materials, 
grouped according to chemical composition, 1953 

[Quantities and values are given in terms of the total weight of the materials (dry basis). Listed below are 
all synthetic plastics and resin materials for which any reported data on production or sales may be pub- 
lished. (Leaders are used where the reported data are confidential and may not be published or where no 
data were reported.) Table 19B in part III lists all plastics and resin materials for which data on pro- 
duction or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Sales 



Quantity 



Unit 
value^ 



Grand total- 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, BENZENOID 



Materials for which separate statistics may not be shown^— 
Materials for which separate statistics are shown below 



Coumarone-indene. and petroleum polymer resins- 



Phenolic and other tar-acid resins, total- 
Unmodified, total- 



p-tert-Butylphenol-bisphenol-formaldehyde- 

p-tert-Butylphenol-formaldehyde 

Cresols-formaldehyde ____ 

Cresylic aoid-fonnaldehyde- 



Phenol-cresols-formaldehyde 

Phenol-oresols-xylenols-formaldehyde- 

Phenol-cresylio acid-formaldehyde 

Phenol-formaldehyde 

Phenol-furfural 



Phenol-resoroinol-formaldehyde 

Phenylphenol-formaldehyde 

Resorcinol-formaldehyde 

Xylenols-formaldehyde 

All other 



Modified, total 



Except rosin and rosin ester modified, total 

Phenol-formaldehyde-aniline- 



Phenol-formaldehyde, oil modified- 
Rosin and rosin ester modified, total- 



Bisphenol-formaldehyde-rosin and rosin ester 

p-tert-Butylphenol-formaldehyde-rosin and rosin ester- 

Phenol-formaldehyde-rosin and rosin ester 

All other 



Phthalic alkyd resins, total- 
Unmodified, total- 



Phthalio anliydride-glycerol 

Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-glycol 

Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-pentaerythritol 

Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-sorbitol 

Phthalic anhydride-glycol-pentaerythritol 

Phthalic anhydride-pent aerythritol 

All other 



Modified, total 

Except rosin and rosin ester and styrene modified, total — 

Phthalic anhydrlde-adipic acld-glycol 

Phthalic anhydride-benzoic acid-glyoerol 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 

pounds , 

dry basis' 

2,776,627 



dry basis' 
2,371,980 



1,000 
dollars 
837, 536 



1,605,4A7 



1,317,069 



362,958 



15,371 
1,590,076 



12,840 
1,304,229 



6,270 
356,688 



206,645 
484,942 



201,978 
426,349 



19,544 
114,326 



433,757 

2,604 

5,276 

6,724 

4,234 

13,203 

7,885 

2,545 

373,136 

1,254 

2,023 

3,271 

628 

259 

10,715 

51,185 

15,379 

5,581 

1,813 

7,985 

35,806 

7,322 

4,517 

10,689 

13,278 

390,527 



287,606 

142,374 

6,104 

37,500 

1,973 

25,132 

71,822 

2,701 

102,921 

38,703 

309 

703 



380,939 
2,245 
5,130 
6,280 



1,363 

1,143 

338,281 

1,493 

3,287 

601 

236 

20,880 

45,410 

10,266 

3,915 

1,626 

4,725 

35,144 

7,249 

4,571 

10,489 

12,835 

207,663 



138,425 
64,369 

3,801 
13,215 

1,718 
19,476 
33,851 

1,995 
69,238 
25,288 

346 



100,995 

870 

2,019 

2,265 



447 

380 

85,265 

994 
1,852 

560 
89 
6,254 
13,331 
4,368 
1,262 

726 
2,380 
8,963 
1,622 
1,120 
2,879 
3,342 

63,664 



43, 332 

20,857 

1,283 

3,813 

470 

5,981 

9,949 

979 

20,332 

8,491 

195 



^ See also table 19B, part III, which lists these products according to chemical com- 
position, and identifies the manufacturers. 



TABLE 19A.--Syntheti 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 

organic chemicals: United States production and sales of plasti 
grouped according to chenical composition, 195J- -Continued 



41 



and resin materials , 



Quantity Value 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, BENZENOID—Oontlnued 

Phthallo alkyd resins — Continued 
Modified — Continued 

Except rosin and rosin ester and styrene modified— Con. 
Phthalic anhydride-fumario acid-glyoerol- 



Phthalic anhydride-glyoerol-phenol-formaldehyde 

Phthalic anhydride-maleio anhydride-glycerol 

Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-glycerol- 
pentaerythritol- 



Phthalic anhydride-maleio anhydride-pentaerythritol— 
All other 



Rosin and rosin ester modified, total- 



Phthalio anhydride-fumario acid-glyoerol-rosin and rosin 
ester 

Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-pentaerythritol-phenol- 
formaldehyde-rosin ester- 



Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-pentaerythritol-rosin and 

Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-phenol-formaldehyde-rosin and 

rosin ester 

Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-rosin and rosin ester 

Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-glycerol- 
pentaerythritol-rosin ester- 



Phthalic anhydride-maleio anhydride-glycerol-rosin and 

rosin ester _— _.__ _ 

Phthalic anhydride-maleio anhydride-pentaerythritol-rosin 

ester 

Phthalic anhydride-maleio anhydride-pentaerythritol-tall 

oil 

Phthalic anhydride-pentaerythritol-rosin and rosin ester — 

Phthalic anhydride-pentaerythritol-tall oil 

All other 

Styrene and styrene derivative polymer and copolymer resins, 

total 



Polystyrene- 



Styrene-alkyd polyesters, total 



Phthalic anhydride-glyOerol-pentaerythritol-styrene- 

Phthalic anhydrlde-glycerol-styrene— — — — 

Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-glyool-styrene — 
All other 



Styrene-butadiene copolymer— 
Styrene-divinyl benzene copolymer- 
All other styrene resins 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, NONBENZENOID 



Materials for which separate statistics may not be shown* 

Materials for which separate statistics are shown below 



Allsyd resins, except phthalic, total- 
Unmodified, total- 



Maleic anhydride-glyoerol- 
All other 



Modified, total- 



Fiimaric acid-glyoerol-rosin and rosin eeter- 

Fumaric acld-pentaerythrltol-roain and rosin ester 

Maleic anhydride-glycerol-pentaerythritol-rosin and rosin 

eater _ 

Maleic anhydride-glycerol-rosin and rosin ester 

Maleic anhydride-glycol-rosin and rosin ester ... -- — 

Maleic anhydride-pentaerythritol-roain and rosin ester 

Maleic anhydride-pentaerythritol-tall oil 

All other 

Rosin and terpene adduot resins, total w 

Fumarlo acid-roeln 



Maleic anhydride-ros In- 
All other 



Rosin esters, unmodified, total- 
Rosln-glycerol- 



Rosin-glycerol-pentaerythrltol- 

Ros in-pent aerythritol 

All other 



Silicone resins- 



See footnotes at end of table. 
313486 0-54-4 



1,000 

pounds, 

dry basis' 

1,730 

3,447 

14,260 

9,409 

1,166 

7,679 

64,218 

502 

476 

6,187 

7,289 
29,247 



1,432 

1,661 

1,755 
4,747 
2,213 
8,612 



320,694 

39,421 

130 

8,788 

22,154 

8,349 

101,041 

21,180 

25,626 



1,171,180 



1,000 

pounds, 

dry basis' 

489 

1,006 

8,732 

8,715 

938 

5,062 

43,950 



3,360 

24,067 

48 

605 

1,341 



1,742 

499 

12,288 

468,239 



1,000 
dollars 

223 

339 

2,822 

2,949 

226 

1,737 

11,841 



738 

5,919 

10 

249 

344 



491 

145 

3,945 



298,626 
32,479 



17,940 
14, 539 
94,697 
19,587 
22,850 



1,054,911 



95,823 
14, 590 



7,860 
6,730 
32,947 
8,002 
7,792 



474,578 



252,765 
918,415 



227,397 
827, 514 



166,259 
308,319 



75,973 



15,931 
118 
15,813 
60,042 
1,337 
3,358 

2,765 
18,275 

1,755 
23,635 

5,868 

3,049 

10,430 
2,848 
1,006 
6,576 

56,271 



57,593 

14,376 



17,478 
7,632 



14,376 

43,217 

1,086 

2,544 

2,335 
15,386 

18,214 

113 

3,539 

10,121 



24,053 

1,459 

15,555 

15,204 

2,558 



2,582 
667 
6,872 

55,714 



7,632 

9,846 

222 

754 

521 
3,438 

3,751 

27 

1,133 

2,1 



150 
2,064 

9,241 



23,149 

1,631 

15,575 

15,359 

1,466 



4,169 

271 

2,319 

2,482 

4,484 



42 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of plastics and resin materials 
grouped according to chemical composition, i95J- -Continued 



Quantity 



Unit 
value^ 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, NONBENZENOID— Continued 



Urea and melamine resins, total- 
Urea-formaldehjrde type, total- 

Butylurea-formaldehyde 

Urea-formaldehyde 

All other 



1,000 



257,310 



Melamine-formaldehyde type 



Vinyl and vinyl eopolyner resins (resin content), total — 
Polyvinyl acetate- 



13, 109 
171,685 
. 9,593 

62,923 

515, 873 



1,000 
pound§ , 
dry ko.i.» 
238.467 



Polyvinyl chloride and copolymers, total- 

Polyvinyl chloride 

All other- 



All other vinyl restns*- 



434,796 

203,879 

230,917 

38,895 



178,975 

8,178 

161,480 

9,317 

59,492 

464,153 



1.000 

dollar, 

74,854 



393,698 

180,153 

213, 545 

32,758 



-U,ff83 
3,610 

37,724 
3,549 

29,971 

199,364 



U,566 

152,679 
69,030 
83,649 
32,119 



pound 
$0.31 



Calculated on rounded figures. 

^ Dry basis, for the purpose of this report, is defined as the total weight of the material, including 
resin, plastieizers, fillers, extenders, colors, and stabilizers, and excluding the weight of water, 
solvents, and other liquid diluents. 

' Includes data for aniline-formaldehyde, epichlorohyxirin-phenol, and toluenesulfonamlde resins. 

* Includes data for acrylic, polyamide (nylon), polyethylene, and other nonbenzenold plastics and resins. 

' Includes data for materials containing both urea and melamine. 

' Includes data for polyvinyl alcohol, butyral, and formal, and for some latlces and unspecified materials. 



The total production of benzenoid plastics and resins in 1953 
was 1,605 million pounds, an increase of 18.8 percent over the 
output in 1952. Sales in 1953 were 1,317 million pounds, valued 
at 363 million dollars, compared with 1,113 million pounds, valued 
at 310 million dollars, in 1952. In 1953, as in 1952, styrene 
resins were the benzenoid materials produced in the largest 
quantity. Production of styrene resins in 1953 amounted to 508 
million pounds, compared with 425 million pounds in 1952 and 
394 million pounds in 1951. Sales in 1953 were 468 million pounds, 
valued at 159 million dollars, compared with 392 million pounds, 
valued at 133 million dollars, in 1952. Phenolic and other tar-acid 
resins ranked second in the benzenoid group in volume of produc- 
tion in 1953, production totaling 485 million pounds, an increase 
of 23.3 percent over the 393 million pounds reported for 1952. 
Sales of phenolic and other tar-acid resins in 1953 amounted to 
426 million pounds, valued at 114 million dollars. The phthalic 
alkyd resins, used principally in the manufacture of protective 
coatings, were third in volume of production in the benzenoid 
group; in 1953 the output of these resins was 391 million pounds; 
sales were 208 million pounds, valued at 64 million dollars. 

Production of nonbenzenoid plastics and resin materials in 
1953 anaounted to 1,171 million pounds, compared with 982 million 
pounds in 1952- -an increase of 19.3 percent. Sales of nonbenzenoid 
plastics and resins in 1953 were 1,055 million pounds, valued 
at 475 million dollars, compared with 932 million pounds, valued 
at 417 million dollars, in 1952. Of the nonbenzenoid plastics and 
resins, vinyl resins were produced in the largest volume in 1953, 
as they were also in 1952 and 1951. Production of these resins in 
1953 amounted to 516 million pounds, an increase of 22.8 percent 
over the 420 million pounds reported for 1952. Sales of vinyl resins 
in 1953 were 464 million pounds, valued at 199 million dollars, 
compared with 400 million pounds, valued at 174 million dollars, 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



43 



TABLE 20. --Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of plastics aid resin materials 
grouped according to classes and uses, 1953 

[In thousands of pounds, dry basis^] 



Phenolic and other tar-acld resins: 

Molding materials 

Bonding and adhesive resins for — 

Laminating (except plywood) 

Coated and bonded abrasives 

Friction materials (brake linings, clutch facings, etc.) 

Thermal insulation (rock wool, fiber glass) 

Plywood 

All other bonding and adhesive uses 

Protective-coating resins, unmodified and modified, except by rosin- 
Resins for all other uses 

Urea and melamine resins: 

Textile-treating and textile-codting resins 

Paper-treating and paper-coating resins 

Bonding and adhesive resins for — 

Plywood 

All other bonding and adhesive uses, including laminating 

Protective-coating resins, straight and modified 

Resins for all other uses, including molding 

Styrene resins: 

Molding materials— 

Protective-coating resins, straight and modified^ 

Resins for all other uses 



Vinyl and vinyl copolymer resins (resin content) , total 

Polyvinyl chloride and copolymer resins (50 percent or more polyvinyl chloride) 
for — 

Film (under 0.010 gage) 

Sheeting (0.010 gage and over) 

Molding and extrusion 

Textile and paper treating and coating 

Flooring 

Protective coatings 

All other uses 

All other vinyl resins for — 

Adhesives 

All other uses 



Alkyd resins: 

For protective coatings: 
Phthalic anhydride types: 

Unmodified 

Modified 

Polybasic acid types: 

Unmodified 

Modified 

For all other uses 

Rosin modifications: 

Rosin esters for protective coatings: 

Unmodified (ester gums) 

Modified (hard resins) 

All other modifications for protective coatings and other uses- 

Coumarone-indene and petroleum polymer resins 

Miscellaneous synthetic plastics and resins:^ 

Molding materials 

Protective-coating resins 

Resins for all other uses •: 



224,364 

71,083 
13,255 
18,457 
20,801 
36,075 
17,981 
28,210 
34,484 

39,579 
22,121 

52,453 
43 ,739 
30,364 
69,060 

324,157 
84,247 
99,555 



286,578 
102,593 

11,360 
9,531 
8,883 



39,396 

63,996 

30,666 

206,645 

153,568 
17,515 
99,507 



203,986 

47,430 
12,124 
15,724 
20,556 
34,489 
17,617 
25,930 
27,823 

34,883 
21,652 

50,781 
43,386 
22,801 
64,969 

298,384 
81,904 
87,949 

464,067 



64,076 
59,417 
119,696 
46,247 
21,893 
22,315 
28,035 

24,227 
78,161 



138,241 
68,921 

10,055 
4,809 
4,509 



39,979 

56,005 

30,775 

201,978 

128,356 

12,488 

119,820 



Dry basis, for the purpose of this report, is defined as the total weight of the material, including 
resin, plastioizers, fillers, extenders, colors, and stabilizers, and excluding the weight of water, 
solvents, and other liquid diluents. 

^ Includes data for styrene-alkyd polyester resins. 

^ Includes data for acrylic, epichlorohydrin, polyamide (nylon), polyethylene, silicone, and other syn- 
thetic plastics and resin materials. 

NOTE. — The figures In the above table are based on the Commission's monthly reports on the production and 
sales of synthetic plastics and resin materials. They are partially estimated, and may not be correlated ex- 
actly with those given in table 1. The data given in the above table are in substantial agreement with those 
given in the Commission's release for January 1954 which gave a summation of the data reported by months for 
1953. Changes in classification and a minor increase in coverage on some products result in some differences 
in the detail figures given in this table from those given in the January 1954 report. 



in 1952. Production of urea and melamine resins in 1953 was 257 
million pounds, compared with 228 million pounds in 1952. Sales 
in 1953 were 238 million pounds, valued at 75 million dollars. 
Other important nonbenzenoid plastics produced in 1953 were 
acrylics, polyamide, and polyethylene. 



44 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Statistics on the production and sales of plastics and resins by- 
uses, given in table 20, are compiled for the most part from the 
Tariff Commission's monthly surveys on the production and sales 
of synthetic plastics and resin materials. In 1953, as in previous 
years, the largest single use of plastics and resins was for molding 
and extruding into finished products; the second largest use for 
these materials was in the production of protective coatings. 

Rubber-Processing Chemicals 

Rubber-processing chemicals are organic compounds added to 
natural and synthetic rubbers to give them qualities necessary for 
their conversion into finished rubber goods. In this report, cyclic 
and acyclic compounds are listed by use --such as accelerators, 
antioxidants, and peptizers. Statistics on the production and sales 
of rubber-processing chemicals in 1953 are given in table 21A.''' 

TABLE 21P^. --Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and saies of 
rubber -processing chemicais, 1953 

[Listed below are all rubter-prooessing ohemioals for which any reported data on production or sales may be 
published. Table 21B in part III lists separately all rubber-processing chemicals for which data on pro- 
duction or sales were reported and identifies the manufaotiirer of each! 



Produc- 
tion 



Quantity Value 



Unit 
value^ 



Grand total - 



1,000 
pounds 
144, 78A 



103,221 



1,000 
dollars 
60,055 



Per 
pound 
JO. 58 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 



Total- 



121,532 



85,495 



47,592 



Accelerators, total 

Butyraldehyde-aniline 

Guanidines 

Thiazole derivatives, total — . 

2,2'-Dithiobis[benzothiazole] (2,2'-Benzothiazyl disulfide)- 

2 -Merc aptobenzothiazole 

All other 

All other accelerators 



61,013 



Antioxidants, total 

Amino or hydroxy compounds- 
All other 



6,167 
52,769 
14,860 
15,915 
21,994 

1,703 

55,531 



30,894 



16,562 



.54 



Peptizers, tackifiers, and inhibitors 

RUBBER-PROCESSING CHiMICALS, aCYCLIC 



23,893 
31,638 



4,988 



333 
5,206 
23,974 
10,053 
2,745 
11,176 
1,381 

50,266 



22,419 
27,847 



4,335 



187 
2,620 
11,603 
4,609 
1,069 
5,925 
2,152 

27,560 



.56 
.50 
.A8 
.46 
.39 
.53 
1.56 

.55 



Total- 



12,756 
14,804 



3,470 



12,463 



coelerators, total 

Dlthiocarbamic acid derivatives, total^ 

Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Diethyldithiocarbamie acid, zinc salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, potassium salt — 

All other — 

Tetramethylthluram sulfides, total^ 

Tetramethylthiuram disulfide 

Tetrame thylthiuram monosulf ide 

All other^ 



16,159 



10,544 



Peptizers, lubricating and conditioning agents, total- 
Dodecyl mercaptans — _ ■ .,. . ,. ,-— - 

All other -, — , 



6,273 

766 

1,278 

145 

4,084 

5,466 

4,719 

747 

4,420 

7,093 



8,874 



6,118 
975 



2,914 

637 

1,038 

125 

1,114 

3,780 

2,995 

785 

3,850 

7,182 



6,413 
769 



2,657 

600 

977 

63 

1,017 

4,100 

3,214 

886 

2,117 

3,589 



.91 
.94 
.94 
.50 
.91 
1.08 
1.07 



3,244 
345 



A5 



Calculated on rounded figures. 

^ Data for dithiocarba mates included in this table are for material used exclusively in the processing of 
natural and synthetic rubbers. Data on dlthlocarbamates which are used as fungicides are reported In the 
section "Pesticides and Other Organic Agricultural Chemicals." 

^ Includes data for small amounts of tetramethylthiuram sulfides for uses other than in the processing of 
natural and synthetic rubbers. 

' Includes a small amount of tetramethylthiuram tetrasulfide. 



See also table 21B, part III, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies 
the manufacturers. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 45 

Production of rubber-processing chemicals as a group in 1953 
amounted to 145 million pounds--an increase of 13.7 percent 
from the 127 million pounds reported for 1952. The increase in 
the production of rubber-processing chemicals reflects the 
increased consumption of rubber in 1953. Sales of rubber-proc- 
essing chemicals in 1953 were 103 million pounds, valued at 60 
million dollars, compared with 94 million pounds, valued at 54 
million dollars, in 1952. 

The output of cyclic rubber-processing chemicals in 1953 
amounted to 122 million pounds, or 12.6 percent more than the 
108 million pounds reported for 1952. Sales in 1953 were 85 
million pounds, valued at 48 million dollars, compared with 78 
million pounds, valued at 42 million dollars, in 1952. Of the total 
production of cyclic rubber-processing chemicals in 1953, accel- 
erators accounted for about 50 percent, antioxidants for 46 percent, 
and other uses for about 4 percent. Included are statistics for the 
guanidines and certain benzothiazole derivatives used as accel- 
erators. 

Production of acyclic rubber-processing chemicals in 1953 
amounted to 23.3 million pounds, or 19.9 percent more than the 
19.4 million pounds reported for 1952. Sales in 1953 were 17.7 
million pounds, valued at 12.5 million dollars, compared with 16.6 
million pounds, valued at 11.7 million dollars, in 1952. Accel- 
erators, principally dithiocarbamic acid derivatives and tetra- 
methylthiuram sulfides, accounted for approximately 70 percent 
of the production of acyclic rubber-processing chemicals in 1953. 
Peptizers, and modifiers, chiefly dodecyl mercaptans, together 
with lubricating and conditioning agents, accounted for approxi- 
mately 30 percent of the output in the acyclic group. 

Elastomers (Synthetic Rubbers) 

The total output of elastomers (synthetic rubbers) in 1953 
amounted to 1,958 million pounds, an increase of 69 million pounds 
over the production reported for 1952. Sales in 1953 were 1,909 
million pounds, valued at 529 million dollars, compared with 2,003 
million pounds, valued at 549 million dollars, in 1952. Statistics 
on the production and sales of elastomers are given in table 22A. 

Production in 1953 of cyclic elastomers, consisting entirely of 
the polybutadiene-styrene type (GR-S, BunaS), announted to 1,415 nail- 
lion pounds, slightly more than the 1,394 million pounds produced in 
1952. Sales in 1953 were 1,387 million pounds, valued at 319 
million dollars, compared with the 1,514 million pounds, valued 
at 361 million dollars, reported for 1952. The major part of the 
GR-S type of synthetic rubber in 1953 was produced in Govern- 
ment-owned plants for the account of the Reconstruction Finance 
Corporation. The GR-S material is used principally in the pro- 
duction of tire casings. 

The output of acyclic elastomers in 1953 amounted to 543 
million pounds, or 9.7 percent more than the 495 million pounds 
produced in 1952. Sales in 1953 amounted to 522 million pounds, 
valued at 210 million dollars, compared with 489 million pounds. 



See also table 22B, part III, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies 
the manufacturers. 



46 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 22A,- -Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and saies of elastomers 
(synthetic rubbers),^ 1953 

[Listed below are all synthetic elastomers for which reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are confidential and may not be published or where no data were 
reported.) Table 22B in part III lists alphabetically all elastomers for which data on production or sales 
were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Produc- 
tion^ 



Sales^ 



Quantity 



Grand total 

ELASTOMEHS, CYCLIC 

Polybutadiene-styrene type (GR-S, Buna S), total 

Produced at Government plants 

Produced at private plants 

ELASTOMERS, ACYCLIC 

Total 

Products for which separate statistics may not be shown' — 
Products for which separate statistics are shown below 

Polybutadiene-acrylonitrile type (N-type) 

Polyohloroprene type (GR-M, Neoprene) 

Polylsobutylene-isoprene type (GR-I, Butyl) 

Polyvinyl type* 



1,000 

pounds 

1,958,350 



1,000 
pounds 
1,908,793 



1,000 
dollars 
529,36A 



tO.28 



1,4U,94^ 



ij-iUjOgy 

1,847 



sOj/we 



1,387,198 



3 1?,056 



521,595 



210,308 



23,567 
519,839 



22,819 
A98,776 



16, 762 
193,546 



45,244 
180,308 
175,923 
118, 364 



42,758 
168,502 
174,576 
112,940 



21,586 
69,086 
37,500 
65,374 



.58 



^ An elastomer is defined as a material which can be stretched repeatedly to 150 percent or more of normal 
length and will return rapidly and with force to its approximate original state. 

^ Statistics on production, except for polyvinyl and miscellaneous elastomers, are as reported to the Re- 
construction Finance Corporation and to the U. S. Department of Commerce. 

^ The quantities of sales of polybutadiene-styrene, polychloroprene, and polyisobutylene-isoprene types of 
elastomers, shown above, are calculated from data on consumption, foreign trade, and inventories as published 
by the Department of Commerce. Values of sales of elastomers produced for the Reconstruction Finance Corpora- 
tion are derived from the base prices as established by that Office. The quantities and values of sales of 
polyisobutylene, polyvinyl, and miscellaneous elastomers were reported to the U. S. Tariff Commission. 

* Calculated on rounded figures. 

' Includes data for chlorinated rubber, polyisobutylene, silicone, and thiokol elastomers. 

' Includes data for polyvinyl butyral, polyvinyl alcohol, and polyvinyl chloride elastomers. 

valued at 188 million dollars, in 1952. The acyclic group of 
elastomers includes oil-resistant types such as neoprene, GR-I, 
or butyl rubber (used almost entirely in the manufacture of inner 
tubes for tires), vinyl elastomers, and silicones. 

Plasticizers 

Plasticizers are organic chemicals which are used with plastic 
materials to extend or modify the natural properties of the resins 
and to impart improved properties that are not inherent in the 
resins themselves. Statistics on the production and sales of 
plasticizers in 1953 are given in table Z3A.^ 

The output of all plasticizers in 1953 amounted to 293 million 
pounds. This is the largest output on record, despite the fact that 
certain esters of lauric, oleic, and stearic acids included as part 
of the plasticizers group in previous years were reclassified and 
transferred to the section on surface-active agents in 1953. The 
production of these transferred items in 1953 amounted to approxi- 
mately 17 million pounds. Sales of all plasticizers in 1953 were 
235 million pounds, valued at 83 million dollars. 



See also table 23B, part III, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies 
the manufacturers. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



47 



izers, 1953 



TABLE 23A.- -Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of plasti 

[Listed below are all plastioizers for which reported data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders 
are used where the reported data are confidential and may not be published or where no data were 
reported.) Table 23B in part III lists all plastioizers for which data - -^■-^' —i"" ""- 

reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



production or sales were 



Grand total - 



PLASTICIZERS, CYCLIC 



Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown^- 
Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below 



Phosphoric acid esters: 
Tricresyl phosphate'— 
Triphenyl phosphate — 



Phthalio anhydride esters, 
Dibutyl phthalate- 



Dioapryl phthalate 

Diethyl phthalate ■ — 

Di(2-methoxyethyl) phthalate (Di(methyl oellosolve) phthalate)- 
Dimethyl phthalate- 



Dioctyl phthalates, total 

Di ( 2-ethylhexyl) phthalate 

Di-n-octyl phthalate, diiso-ootyl ph-'halate, and mixtures- 

Octyl decyl phthalate ■ 

All other 



Produc- 
tion 



PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC 
Total 

Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown* 
Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below — 



Adipic acid esters, total — 
Di(2-ethylhexyl) adipate- 

Diiso-octyl adipate 

All other 



Laurie acid esters- 



Oleio acid esters, total- 
Butyl oleate- 



Glyceryl trioleate' 
All other 



Phosphoric acid esters— 

Riolnoleic and aoetylrioinoleic acid esters- 



Sebacic acid esters, total — 

Dibutyl sebaoate 

Di(2-«thylhexyl) sebacate- 
All other 



Stearic acid esters, total- 
Butyl stearate 

All other — -— _— — 



1,000 
pounds 
292,898 



223,810 



29,046 
194,764 



22,109 
7,418 



165,237 



23,280 
7,762 
17,584 
2,240 
2,508 
84,813 
51,281 
33,532 
8,678 
18,372 



69,088 



Quantity 



235,066 



180,137 



22,893 
157,244 



21,043 
3,289 



132,912 



18,256 
9,398 
12,307 

2J734 
66,423 
38,640 
27,783 

8,130 
15,664 



54,929 



1,000 

dollars 

83,335 



59,955 



7,360 
52,595 



6,866 
1,206 



28,500 
40,588 



9,177 



3,497 
1,511 
4,169 



1,372 
3,214 
3,366 

8,534 

4,572 

5,701 



2,186 
2,498 
1,017 

4,539 



2,417 
2,122 



28,168 
26,761 



6,060 



2,045 
1,276 
2,739 



5,628 



3,323 
2,305 



6,398 



5,372 
3,091 
3,096 

696 
23,193 
13,704 
9,489 
2,938 
6,137 



23,380 



Unit 
value ^ 



11,328 
12,052 



2,722 



896 

589 

1,237 

42 

1,756 



2,432 

1,987 



4,150 



2,121 
2,029 



838 
918 



2,898 



1,736 
1,809 



1,089 



471 
618 



$0.35 



.40 
.45 



.45 
.44 
.46 
.45 

.40 

.31 

.25 



■ 26 
.22 
.30 



^ Calculated on rounded figures. 

* Includes data for phosphoric acid esters, synthetic caaiphor, toluenesulfonamides, tetrahydrofurfuryl 
oleate, and other cyclic plastioizers. 

' Includes data for material reported for use as motor-fuel additive. 

* Includes data for palmitic, citric and acetylcitric, azelaio, pelargonlo, and tartaric acid esters, and 
for butyl myristate, glyceryl and glycol esters of certain fatty acids, glyceryl tripropionate, and complex 
polymeric plastioizers. 

' Includes data for material reported for use as surface-active agent. 

NOTE. — Because of changes in major use in recent years, data for certain esters of laurio, oleic, and 
stearic acids which were classified as plasticizers in 1952 are classified as surface-active agents in 1953 
and data on their production and sales will be Incliided in the section of the report covering surface-active 
agents. 

Production of all plasticizers In 1953 would have been 17 million pounds larger — 5.8 percent of the total 
output — If the data had included production of the same lauric, stearic, and oleic acid esters as were in- 
eluded in 1952. 



48 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Production of cyclic plasticizers in 1953 (consisting principally 
of esters of phosphoric acid and phthalic anhydride) amounted to 
224 million pounds, or 29.4 million pounds more than the 194 
million pounds reported for 1952. Sales of cyclic plasticizers in 
1953 were 180 million pounds, valued at 60 million dollars, com- 
pared with 145 million pounds, valued at 51 million dollars, in 
1952. Because of their versatility and relative economy, the 
phthalic anhydride esters are by far the most important plasticizers 
in the cyclic group. In 1953 this group accounted for more than 
half the total domestic production of plasticizers. 

Production of acyclic plasticizers in 1953, consisting mainly 
of esters of adipic, oleic, phosphoric, ricinoleic, sebacic, and 
stearic acids, amounted to 69 million pounds; sales were 55 
million pounds, valued at 23 million dollars. In previous years 
some esters of lauric, oleic, and stearic acids that are now 
reported as surface-active agents were included in the plasticizers 
group. The statistics for 1953 on acyclic plasticizers, therefore, 
are not strictly connparable with those for earlier years. Of the 
acyclic plasticizers, the adipic acid esters were produced in the 
largest volume in 1953; production of them amounted to 9 million 
pounds. 

Surface-Active Agents 

The surface -active agents covered in this report include 
synthetic organic detergents, wetting agents, and emulsifying 
agents; soaps are not included. As the data are given in terms of 
100-percent active material, they exclude all inorganic salts, 
water, and other diluents. 

Although they were originally developed as soap substitutes, 
surface -active agents have proved valuable in many other appli- 
cations because of their varied and specific properties. They are 
especially valuable as detergents in hard water, since they do not 
form insoluble precipitates, as some soaps do. For certain in- 
dustrial purposes, surface-active agents are used as emulsifying 
and wetting agents for agricultural, leather, and textile chemicals. 
They are also used in dentifrices and shampoos. 

Statistics on production and sales of surface -active agents in 
1953 are given in table 24A.^ In 1953 production of surface-active 
agents as a group totaled 922 million pounds, or 24.3 percent 
more than the 741 million pounds reported for 1952. Sales in 1953 
were 732 million pounds, valued at 145 million dollars, compared 
with 612 million pounds, valued at 120 million dollars, in 1952. 

In 1953 the production of anionic surface-active agents 
(sulfated and sulfonated cyclic and acyclic compounds and acyclic 
salts of fatty acids) amounted to 752 million pounds, or 116 mil- 
lion pounds more than the output in 1952. Sales in 1953 totaled 
580 million pounds, valued at 93 million dollars, compared with 
532 million pounds, valued at 88 million dollars, in 1952. In 
volume of production, in 1953, the principal items in this group 
were the following: The dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid type of 
surface -active agent (364 million pounds); sulfonated petroleum 
aromatic compounds (129 million pounds); and sulfated and sul- 
fonated alcohols (127 million pounds). 



^^ See also table 24B, part III, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies 
the manufacturers. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



49 



TABLE 24A. --Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of sur face- act ive agents,' 1953 

[Listed below are all surface-active agents for which reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are confidential and may -ot be published or where no data were 
reported.) Table 24B in part III lists all surface-active agents for which data on production or sales 
were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



ftuantity 



Unit 
value ^ 



Grand total 

SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, CYCLIC 

Total 

Esters and ethers, nonsulfonated^ 

Nitrogen-containing surface-active agents, nonsulfonated, 

total* 

Benzyllauryldimethylammonium chloride 

All other 

Sulfated and sulfonated cyclic surface-active agents, total 

Alkyl benzenoid compounds, sulfated and sulfonated: Dodeoyl- 

benzenesulfonic acid type 

Naphthalene derivatives, sulfonated, total 

Amylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, mono and di 

Butylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, mono and di ■ 

Isopropylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, mono 

Isopropylnaphthalenesulfonio acid, di ■ 

All other 



Petroleum aromatic compounds, sulfonated, total- 



Acid-layer-type petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt 

Oil-layer-type petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt 

All other 



All other sulfated and sulfonated cyclic surface-active 
agents ' 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC 



Esters and ethers, nonsulfonated,* total - 
Diethylene glycol monolaurate- 



Diethylene glycol mono-oleate 

Diethylene glycol monostearate 

Ethylene glycol monostearate 

Glyceryl mono-oleate 

Glyceryl monostearate- 



Polyethoxyethyl castor oil ester 

Polyethoxyethyl coconut oil ester 

Polyethoxyethyl dioleate 

Polyethoxyethyl laurate, mono and di 

Polyethoxyethyl mono-oleate- 



Polyethoxyethyl stearate, mono and di- 

1,2-Propylene glycol monostearate 

All other 



Nitrogen-containing surface-active agents, nonsulfonated, total 
N-(Aminoethyl)-N-(hydroxyethyl)stearamide (Stearamide of 

aminoethylethanolamine ) 

Coconut oil amide of monoCdiethanolamine) (Diethanol 

lauramide ) , 

Coconut oil amide of bis(diethanolamine) 

N,N-Di(2-hydroxyethyl)oleamide (Diethanol oleamide) 

(Diethanolamine oleate ) — — - 

N,N-Di(2-hydroxyethyl)stearamide (Diethanol stearamide) 

Stearajnide of diethylenetriamine — 

Stearamide of tetraethylenepentajnine 

All other' 

Phosphorus-containing surface-active agents, nonsulfonated 

Salts of fatty acids, nonsulfonated, total 

Coconut oil, potassium salt 

Potassium oleate — — — — — — 

Pot as s ium r e s inate ... __ 

Potassium tallate— — — 

Sodium oleate 

All other __ 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1.000 
wands 

921,594 



594,089 



41,991 



1,383 
3,775 



546,940 



364,241 

5,970 

111 

1,194 

293 

2,527 

1,845 

129,070 

12,299 

59,580 

57,191 

47,659 



327,505 



69,885 



692^ 

482 

642 

326 

2,524 

11,876 

544 

247 

147 

764 

1,410 

5,479 

360 

44,390 

52,804 



1,043 

4,357 
4,767 

934 

290 

196 

34 

41,183 

773 

6,881 



131 
603 
319 
85 
704 
5,039 



1,000 
pounds 

732,104 



438,491 



30,923 



4,686 



1,329 
3,357 



402,882 



249,057 

4,819 

87 

1,270 

209 

2,132 

1,121 

101,799 

10,812 

50,304 

40,683 

47,207 



293,613 



65,649 



474 
333 
480 
323 
2,495 
10,808 

86 
137 
553 
834 
4,898 
348 
43,880 

50,372 



951 

4,124 
3,583 

928 
255 
188 
32 
40,311 

685 

6,939 



131 
529 
408 
78 
697 
5,096 



1,000 
hilars 

144,972 



73,301 



11,8 



2,827 
57,676 



36,034 

1,780 

48 

598 

81 

798 

255 

14,607 

642 

7,182 

6,783 

5,255 



71,671 



20,082 



178 
116 
131 
115 
687 
3,066 

34 

53 

194 

336 

1,776 

101 

13,295 

16,183 



938 

1,836 
1,654 

372 
124 
137 
32 
11,090 

382 

1,101 



34 
106 
183 

10 
150 
618 



Per 
pound 

$0.20 



T38 
.35 
.27 
.36 
.28 
.28 



.35 
.40 
.36 



.45 
.46 

.40 
.49 
.73 
1.00 
.28 

.56 



.16 
.26 
.20 
.45 
.13 
.22 
.12 



50 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 24A. --Synf/ietic organic chemicals: United States product i 
surface-active agents,^ 1953- -Continued 



and sales of 



Quantity 



Unit 
valufi^ 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Sulfated and sulfonated acyclic surface-active agents, total - 

Acids, sulfated and sulfonated, total 

Oleic acid, sulfonated (Sulfonated red oil) 

Alcohols and esters, sulfated and sulfonated, total 

Glycerol tri(sulfo-oleat9) 

Isopropyl sulfo-oleate- 



1.000 
pounds 

197.162 



Lauryl sulfate, trlethanolamine salt- 

n-Propyl sulfo-oleate 

All other 



Nitrogen-containing surface-active agents, sulfated and sul- 
fonated , total 

Coconut oil ajnide of monoethanolajnine , sulfated, sodium 

N-Methyloleoyltaurine , sodium salt 

All other 



Oils, fats, and waxes, sulfated and sulfonated, total — 
Animal fats and oils, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Neat's-foot oil, sulfonated — 

Tallow, sulfonated 

Fish and marine-animal oils, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Cod oil, sulfonated 

Herring oil, sulfonated — ~ 

Menhaden oil, sulfonated 

Sperm oil, sulfonated 

Tall oil, sulfonated- 



Vegetahle oils, sulfated and sxilfonated, total - 
Castor oil, sulfonated- 



Coconut oil, sulfonated- 

Com oil, sulfonated 

Peanut oil, sulfonated- 
Rioe-bran oil, sulfonated- 

Soybean oil, sulfonated 

All other- 



All other oils, fats, and waxes, sulfated and sulfonated* — 



5,461 

2,469 

2,992 

126,742 

390 

719 

2,522 

1,820 

121,291 

7,250 

528 

6,722 
57,709 

1,733 
12,382 

5,923 
3,734 

609 
5,852 

808 
13,765 
7,115 

586 

672 
1,536 
1,049 
1,250 
1,557 
12,903 



1,000 
pounds 
169,968 



33,923 



5,190 

2,050 

3,140 

117,135 

173 

699 

2,628 

1,643 

111,992 

4,961 

505 

2,817 

1,639 

42,682 

1,579 
10,711 

4,316 
722 
555 

2,747 
703 

8,798 

5,294 
456 

1,252 

283 

557 

956 

12,551 



1,322 

673 

649 

23,355 

50 

378 

822 

357 

21,748 

2,179 

351 
1,243 

585 
7,067 

280 
1,285 

589 

90 

66 

443 

104 

■2,195 

1,336 

122 

362 

89 

151 

135 

2,015 



Per 
pound 
$0.20 



.25 
.33 
.21 
.20 
.29 
.54 
.31 
.22 



^ Data are given in terms of bulk surface-active agents, that is, in terms of 100-percent content of sur- 
face-active agents, exclusive of all inorganic salts, water, or other ingredients. 

* Calculated on rounded figures. 

3 Includes polyhydric alcohol ethers and esters. 

* Includes quaternary ammonium compounds. 

' Includes sulfated and sulfonated phenyl ethers, substituted biphenyls, sulfonated lignin derivatives, ai 
a small amount of sulfated and sulfonated aliyl benzenoid compounds. 

* Includes certain lauric, oleic, and stearic acid esters reported as plasticizers for 1952. 

' Includes amine salts of fatty acids; esters of hydroxyamines ; fatty acid amines; quaternary ammonium 
compounds; salts of nltrilo acids; and fatty acid derivatives of guanldine, glycine, polypeptides, and 
others. 

* Includes sodium salt of petroleum sulfonate, sulfonated recovered grease, sulfonated lanolin, sul- 
fonated lard oil, sulfonated wool grease, and others. 



Production in 1953 of cationic surface-active agents (all cyclic 
and certain acyclic nitrogen-containing compounds, nonsulfonated) 
was 8 million pounds; sales totaled 8 million pounds, valued at 6 
million dollars. Because of changes in classification in 1953, data 
on production and sales of cationic and nonionic surface -active 
agents in that year are not comparable with the data on production 
and sales in 1952 or earlier years. 

In 1953 the output of all polyhydric alcohol esters and ethers 
and those acyclic nonsulfonated nitrogen-containing compounds 
generally considered to be nonionic materials totaled l6l million 
pounds. Sales in 1953 totaled 144 million pounds, valued at 46 
million dollars. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, I953 
Pesticides and Other Organic Agricultural Chemicals 



51 



The pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals 
covered in this section include such materials as fungicides, seed 
disinfectants, herbicides, plant hormones, insecticides, rodenti- 
cides, fumigants, and soil conditioners. As in other sections of 
this report, the data (except where otherwise indicated) are given 
in terms of 100 -percent active material, thus excluding such ma- 
terials as wetting agents, emulsifiers, and diluents. Statistics on 
production and sales of pesticides and other organic agricultural 
chemicals in 1953 are given in table 25A. 

TABLE 2SA. "Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of pesticides and other organic 

agricultural chemicals, 1953 

[Listed telow are all pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals for which any reported data on 
production or sales may be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are confidential and may 
not be published or where no data were reported.) Table 25B in part III lists all pesticides and other 
organic agricultural chemicals for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies the 
manufacturer of each] 



Sales 



Quantity 



Unit 
value ■"■ 



Grand total 
PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGHICULTDHAL CHEMICAI£ . CYaiC 



1,000 
pounds 
355,953 



i.OOO 
tounds 

334,1-46 



1.000 
dollars 

118,517 



Per 
pound 
$0,35 



297, 05A 



281,652 



98,572 



.35 



Fungicides and seed disinfectants, total- 

Naphthenlc acid, copper salt 

Phenyl mercuric oleate- 



44.832 



37,618 



8-Quinollnol (8-Hydroxyquinoline), copper salt- 
All other 



Herbicides and plant hormones, total 

Naphthalene- and naphthoxyacetlc acid derivatives- 
Phencocyacetic acid, salts and derivatives: 

2,4-Dichlorpphenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) 

2,4-Dlchlorpphenaxyacetic acid esters 
2,4-I)ichlorcpheno3cyacetlc acid salts- 



41,517 
64,349 



2,4,5-Trichlorqph6noxyacetlc acid (2,4,5-T)- 



2,4,5-Trlchlorqphenoxyaoetlc acid derivatives- 

Phenyl mercuric acetate 

All other^ 



Insecticides, total 
Hoxachlorocyolohexane (Benzene hegachlorlde)'* 
Parathion (0,0-Diethyl O-(p-nitrciphenyl) thiophosphate)— — 
l,l,i-Trichloro-2,2-bls(p-chlorophenyl)ethan9 (DDT) 
All other* 

PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL CHIWICALS, ACYCLIC 

Total 

Fumigants, fungicides, seed disinfectants, and herbicides, total 

Fumigants: Bromomethane (Methyl bromide; 

Fungicides and seed disinfectants: 



50 

25,928 
18,826 
4,836 
5,281 
5,386 
154 
3,888 

187.873 



62 

166 

34,426 

49.235 



12,424 



57,363 

2,999 

84,366 

43,145 



37 



14,554 
4,968 

4^005 

139 

25,532 

194.799 



652 

245 

388 

11,139 

31.498 



60,934 



85,758 
48,107 



121 



7,603 
2,120 

5J800 

518 

15,336 

54.650 



.33 

■~T5r 

3.95 

2.34 

.32 

.64 
3.27 



.52 
.43 

i!45 

3,73 

.60 



55.054 



Dimethyldithiocarbamlo acid, sodium salt- 



dmethyldithlocarbanlc acid, zinc salt (Zlram)- 
All other 



6,167 

538 
1,152 

47,197 



49.183 



21,357 
26,405 



19,945 



Insecticides and soil conditioners, total- 
Tetraethyl pyrophosphate (TEPP)' — 
AU other' 



229 
3,616 



5,750 

539 

1,176 

41,718 

3,311 



16,676 



2,771 

342 

694 

12,869 



.38 
.34 
"7^ 



.63 
.59 
.31 



716 
2,595 



611 
2,658 



^ Calculated on rounded figures. 

^ Includes such materials as dlnltro con^iounds, isqprppylphenylcarbamate, maleic hydrazlde, and a small 
amount of phenoxyacetic acid derivatives. 

^ Production of the gamma isomer content in benzene hexechloride totaled 8.8 million pounds; sales 
amounted to 8.9 million pounds, 

* Includes aldrin, allethrin, chlordane, dieldrln, DDD, EPN, lindane, toxaphene, and a small amount of 
rodenticldes . 

9 TEPP is 40jt tetraethyl pyrophosphate. 

' Includes a small amount of rodenticldes. 



^^ See also table 25B, part III, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies 
the manufacturers. 



52 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

In 1953 production of all pesticides and other organic agricul- 
tural chemicals amounted to 356 million pounds, a decline of 14.8 
percent from the 418 million pounds reported for 1952. The decline 
was due in part to the existence of large stocks on hand at the end 
of 1952. Sales in 1953 amounted to 334 million pounds, valued at 
119 million dollars, compared with 331 million pounds, valued at 
133 million dollars, in 1952. 

Production of all insecticides (both cyclic and acyclic) in 1953 
was about 192 million pounds, or 53.9 percent of the total output of 
all organic pesticides. Sales in 1953 totaled 198 million pounds, 
valued at 58 million dollars. 

In 1953 the output of cyclic pesticides and other cyclic chemi- 
cals in this group totaled 297 million pounds, or 20.1 percent less 
than the 372 million pounds produced in 1952. Sales in 1953 were 
282 million pounds, valued at 99 million dollars, compared with 
289 million pounds, valued at 1 1 1 million dollars, in 1952. 

Production of cyclic insecticides in 1953 amounted to 188 
million pounds, or 63.2 percent of the total output of cyclic pesti- 
cides. The chemical in this subgroup that was produced in the 
greatest quantity in 1953 was the insecticide DDT, production of 
which amounted to 84 million pounds. 

Production of acyclic pesticides and other acyclic organic 
agricultural chemicals in 1953 amounted to 59 million pounds, 
compared with the 46 million pounds reported for 1952. Sales in 
1953 were 52 million pounds, valued at 20 million dollars, com- 
pared with 42 million pounds, valued at 23 million dollars, in 1952. 

Miscellaneous Synthetic Organic Chemicals 

As used in this report, the term "miscellaneous synthetic 
organic chemicals" includes products such as halogenated hydro- 
carbons, paint driers, photographic chemicals, solvents, and 
tanning materials that are not included in the use groups covered 
in the other sections of this report. In 1953 the production of these 
miscellaneous chemicals as a group was 17,669 million pounds, an 
increase of 11.2 percent from the 15,894 million pounds reported 
for 1952. Sales in 1953 totaled 7,804 million pounds, valued at 
1,236 million dollars, compared with 7,289 million pounds, valued 
at 1,146 million dollars, in 1952. Statistics on production and sales 
of miscellaneous chemicals in 1953 are given in table 26A. 

In 1953 the output of cyclic miscellaneous chemicals as a group 
totaled 402 million pounds, an increase of 10.9 percent from the 
363 million pounds reported for 1952. Hexamethylenetetramine, 
used in phenolic resins, is one of the most inaportant chennicals 
in this group; in 1953 the output of this product totaled 56 million 
pounds. Sales of cyclic miscellaneous chemicals as a group in 
1953 totaled 262 million pounds, valued at 83 million dollars, 
compared with 243 million pounds, valued at 78 million dollars, 
in 1952. 

Production of acyclic miscellaneous chemicals as a group in 
1953 totaled 17,267 million pounds, an increase of 11.2 percent 
compared with the output of 15,531 million pounds reported for 1952. 



See also table 26B, part III, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies 
the manufacturers. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, I953 



53 



TABLE 26A.- -Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of miscellaneous chemicals. 1953 

[Listed below are all miscellaneous chemicals for which any reported data on production or sales may be pub- 
^ lished (i^eaders are used where the reported data are confidential and may not be published or "here no 
data were reported.) Table 26B in part III lists alphabetically all miscellaneous chemicals for which 
data on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Grand total- 



MISCELLAMEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 



Total 



Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown 

Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below 

Benzoic acid salts: Sodium benzoate, tech. ana U.S.P 

Benzoyl peroxide 

Centralite (N, N' -Diethyl-N, N'-diphenylurea ) 

Chemical reagents 

Chlorophyll and ehlorophyllins 

Cyclopropane 



Flotation reagents, total 

Thlocarbanilide (Diphenylthlourea)- 
All other 



Production 



17,669,436 



Hexamethylenetetramine, tech — 

Lubricating oil additives 

4-Methyluinbelliferone 

Naphthenic acid salts, total^ 

Calcium naphthenate 

Cobalt naphthenate 

Iron naphthenate 

Lead naphthenate- 



Manganese naphthenate- 
Zino naphthenate—-—— 
All other 



Organic mercury compounds* 
Photographic chemicals, total 



p-Dlazo-N,N-diethylanlline, zinc chloride "salt 

p-Diazo-N,N-dlmethylanillne, zinc chloride salt 

p-Dlazo-N-ethyl-N-hydroxyethylaniline, zinc chloride salt- 
All other' 



n-Propyl gallate 

Rosin acid salts, totals- 
Calcium resinate 



Manganese reslnate- 
All other 



Tall oil salts, totals- 
Cobalt tallate 

Iron tallate 



Lead tallate 

Manganese tallate- 
All other 



Tanning materials, total 



Naphthalene condensates, total 

2-Naphthalene3ulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate and 

salt 

All other- 



All other tanning materials*- 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 



402,309 



152,742 
249,567 



5,169 

1,792 

2,076 

15 

21 

106 

3,733 



3,347 

55,854 

115,194 

194 

19,540 



Sales 



Quantity Value 



7,803,865 



262,315 



117,993 
144,322 



4,460 

1,084 

2,167 

14 

24 

90 



1,339 
4,287 

278 
9,864 
2,375 
1,136 

261 

86 

4,003 



45 

27 

17 

3,914 

66 

1,018 



224 
755 



4,907 



2,112 
51 

1,754 
557 
433 

35.793 



2,981 

47,315 

23,090 

177 

19,198 



1.000 
dollars 

1,236,004 



82,566 



33,914 
48,652 



1,641 
747 
1,900 
94 
1,360 
1,611 



1,275 
3,993 

9,72' 

2,4S4 

1,240 

484 

66 



1,151 

9,212 

9,357 

289 

6,919 



3,855 



32 
240 
833 

4.817 



Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown- 
Chemioals for which separate statistics are shown below — 



Acetaldehyde 

Acetic acid, synthetic, 100?t' 



24,784 

22,187 
2,597 
11,009 



17,267,127 



4,490,084 
12,777,043 



477,728 



2,027 
70 

1,688 
641 
391 

33.810 



431 
2,518 

2,623 
783 
378 
186 

312 

5,598 



78 

76 

5,352 



7 
61 
198 

1.533 



23,011 

20,626 

2,385 

10,799 



7, 541, 550 



2,011,974 
5,529,576 



34,008 
149,397 



825 
14 
425 
176 
93 

6.662 



3,693 

3,342 

351 
2,969 



1,153,438 



566,188 
587,250 



Unit 
value^ 



2,881 
11,699 



.29 
.34 



.37 

.69 

.88 

6.71 

56.67 

17.90 



.19 

.41 

1.63 



.36 

.34 
.63 

.27 
.32 
.30 
.38 

4.73 



1.42 
3.68 
2.89 
4.47 
1.39 



.28 
.11 



See footnotes at end of table. 



54 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

TABLE 26k. --Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
miscellaneous chemicals, 2953- -Continued 



Quantity Value 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 



Acetic acid salts, total- 
Aluminum acetate 

Cobalt acetate 

All other — 



Acetic anhytiride, lOC^, from all sources 



Acetone, total- 



From isopropyl alcohol 

By fermentation and other sources- 



Acrylonitrile — 



Amines , total- 



n-Butylamine , mono 

Methylamine , mono — — 

All other 



Amyl acetates, 90?t — 

Amyl alcohols, lOC^ 

Bis(2-chloroethyl) ether (Dichlorodiethyl ether), all grades- 
Butyl acetates, 9C?t 

Butyl alcohols, lOC^, total 

Primary, normal 

All other 



Caprylio acid salts- 
Carbon disulfide 



Cellulose esters and ethers, total 

Cellulose acetate-— — — 

Sodium carboxymethylcelliilose, 1005^- 
All other 



Chloral (Trichloroacetaldehyde) — 

Chloroacetic acid, mono 

Citric acid salts — 

Diethylene glycol 

Diethyl malonate (Malouie ester )- 

2-Dlmethylaminoethanol 

Dipropylene glycol 



Ethanolamines , total 

Monoethanolamine 

Di- and triethanolamlnes- 



Ethyl acetate, 85^ 

Ethyl alcohol, synthetic* 

o-Ethylcaproic (2-Ethyl-l-hexoic ) acid salts, total- 
Calcium a-ethylcaproate — — — 

Cobalt a-ethylcaproate 

Lead a. -ethylcaproate— 

Zinc a-ethylcaproate 

All other 



Ethylene glycol- 
Ethylene oxide — 



Ethyl ether, total- 



Fatty acid esters, not included with plasticlzers 

Fatty and synthetic higher alcohols (Cio and higher )- 
Flotation reagents' 



Formaldehyde {37f> HCHO by weight )- 
Formic acid, 90f> 



Formic acid salts, total- 



Sodium formate, crude and refined- 
All other 



1,000 
tounds 

15,<420 



^32" 
122 



U,866 
803,540 



518,992 



468, -igi 

50,501 



56,980 
155,189 



274 
1,723 
153,192 

8,302 
20,777 

9,212 
61,545 

392,208 



155,272 
236,936 



95 
501,168 



435,417 
21,669 
169,407 

20,836 
37,504 
6,135 
47,436 
665 
225 
4,227 

53,363 



19,870 
33,493 

80,768 
1,060,283 



2(35" 
271 



67 
657 



624,324 
489,535 



47,326 



Fumaric aeld- 



6,192 
41,134 

215 

3,057 

36,710 

19,254 

1,118,715 

16,213 

20.734 



18,770 
1,964 

3,829 



1,000 
pounds 

14, 345 



1.000 
dollars 

2,422 



3S5 



13,960 



24^,956 
198,296 



i5zn 

2,268 



19,112 
15,678 



51,245 
32,024 



3,434 
19,260 
10,035 



31,853 

8,178 

5,873 

4,624 

60,276 

118,029 



92,982 
25,047 



77 
480,017 



203,985 



97 

9,938 

1,256 

1,044 

288 

7,377 

14,358 



82,754 
20,005 
101,226 



33,778 
162 

'4,'453 

47,985 



11,816 
2,542 



23,536 
77,741 



27,772 

8,512 

41,457 



6,054 
122 



19,054 
28,931 



69,065 
324,323 



,109 
1§7 
275 
402 
62 
176 



5,307 
6,696 



7,126 
15,329 



224,522 
85,879 



140 
182 
19 
81 

32,207 
15,261 

4,648 



198 

2,213 

23,776 

19,489 

612,659 

13,820 

15.002 



13,096 
1,906 



68 

724 

9,566 

5,527 

20,623 

2,097 

1.040 



573 
467 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, I953 



55 



TABLE 26\.- -Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of 
miscellaneous chemicals, 1953- -Continued 



Quantity 



Unit 
value^ 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICAI£, ACYCLIC— Continued 



Halogenated hydrooarljons, total- 
Carbon tetrachloride 



Chlorinated paraffins- 



Chloroethane (Ethyl chloride), tech. and U.S.P- 

Chloroethylene (Vinyl chloride moncmer) 

Chloroform, tech. and U.S.P- 



Chloromethane (Methyl chloride), all grades- 
1,2-Dlchloroethane (Ethylene dichloride)- 



piohloromethane (Methylene chloride), all grades- 

Tetrachloroethylene (Perchloroethylene) 

Trichloroethylene 

All other 



Isopropyl alcohol-"-"- 
laopropyl ether 



Lactic acid, 100^, total- 
Edible and medicinal 

Tech 



Lactic acid salts: Sodium lactate- 

Linoleic acid salts, total^ 

Calcium linoleate 

Cobalt linoleate 



Manganese linoleate- 
All other 



Lubricating oil additives- 

Methanol, synthetic^^ 

1- and 2-Octanol 



Oleic acid salts, total^^- 

Lead oleate 

All other 

Oxalic acid 



Oxalic acid salts 

Pal mi toy 1 chloride 

Pentaerythritol 

Pentaerythritol tetranitrate - ■■■ 

Propionic acid—— _____________———— 

Propylene glycol (l,2-Propanediol) 

Sequestering agents: (Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid 

(Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid), tetrasodium salt 

Sodium formaldehydesulfoxylate 

Stearic acid salts, total^-' ■■ '■■' 

Aluminum stearates, total ___——————— 

Aluminum distearate — ' 

All other 



Barium stearate — 
Cadmium stearate- 



Calcium stearate— 

Lead stearates 

Lithium stearate— 
Magnesium atearate- 

Zinc stearate 

All other 



Succinic anhydride 

Thioglycolio acid salts: Ammonium thloglyoolate- 
Zinc foimaldehydesulfoxylat o ■■ ■ 



1.000 
pounds 

3,167,184 



259,705 

33,382 

520,078 

401,701 

25,537 

40,520 

528,646 

63,629 

152,917 

323,313 

817,756 

900,699 
4,977 

4,621 



1,000 
ounds 

1,326,542 

236,501 

32,122 



32, 184 

63,882 

58,782 

136,378 

287,665 

479,028 

397,724 
4,314 



3,143 
1,478 

40 

1,181 



3,067 
1,331 



45 
957 



1,000 
dollars 

159,867 

— I57SSO 

3,935 



3,871 
4,366 
6,601 
13,015 
27,850 
84,229 

21,336 
180 

1,624 



1,275 
349 



654 

349 

61 

117 

49,358 

1,115,770 

7,750 

159 



494 

264 

70 

129 

23,266 

688, 522 

5,912 



70 
153 
24 
45 

6,389 

27,943 

1,058 



92 

107 

18,636 

3,839 

110 

56,325 
1,329 
9,779 

59,646 

3,407 
4,814 

22,025 



7,361 

5,246 

2,115 

209 

17 

3,921 

1,698 

231 

534 

6,475 

1,579 

266 
1,414 
3,470 



73 
115 

18,766 
3,350 

47,820 
1,236 
1,065 

53,958 

3,443 
4,688 

21,656 



7,323 

5,223 

2,100 

197 

15 

3,875 

1,440 

223 

539 

6,355 

1,689 

120 
1,405 
3,514 



3,048 
836 

16,149 

931 

233 

9,182 

2,146 
1,216 

7,340 

2,403 

1,711 

692 

72 

17 

1,363 

593 

137 

205 

2,264 

286 

92 

1,896 

767 



ound 

$0.12 



.07 
.12 



.33 
.33 
.37 
1.13 
.35 
.41 
.61 
.38 
.36 



.77 

1.35 

.22 



^ Unit values calculated on rounded figures. 

^ Quantities are given on the basis of solid naphthenate, resinate, tallate, or linoleate content. 
' Statistics exclude production and sales of copper naphthenate. Statistics on copper naphthenate are 
given In the section "Pesticides and Other Organic Agricultural Chemioalsv" 

* Does not include medicinal mercury compounds or phenyl mercuric acetate used as a pesticide. Statistics 
on phenyl mercuric acetate are given in the section "Pesticides and Other Organic Agricultural Chemicals." 

' Includes hydroqulnone, p-mettaylamlnophenol sulfate, catechol, and others. 

* Includes lignosulfonic acid salts, styrene-malelo anhydride Interpolymer, and others. 
' In addition, production of natural acetic acid totaled 20,387,000 pounds. 

* Statistics on production of ethyl alcohol from natural sources by fermentation are issued by the Alcohol 
Tax Unit, U. S. Bureau of Internal Revenue. 

' Includes dithiophosphates, fatty amine salts, xanthates, and others. 

^° Data which were reported on the basis of 91 percent isopropyl alcohol have been converted to a 100- 
peroent basis. 

^^ In addition, production of methanol from natural sources totaled 13,173,760 pounds. 

^^ Statistics exclude production and sales of potassium and sodium oleates. Statistics on these oleates are 
given in the section "SurfaoeWiotlve Agents." 

^^ Statistics exclude production and sales of sodium stearate. Statistics on sodium stearate are given in 
the section "Surface-Active Agents." 



56 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Sales in 1953 totaled 7,542 million pounds, valued at 1,153 million 
dollars, compared with 7,046 million pounds, valued at 1,068 mil- 
lion dollars, in 1952. This group consists chiefly of solvents, re- 
frigerants, and acyclic intermediates.-'-^ 

In 1953 the output of halogenated hydrocarbons (a group con- 
sisting of chlorine, bromine, fluorine, and iodine derivatives of 
hydrocarbons) totaled 3,167 million pounds, compared with 2,610 
million pounds in 1952. This subgroup includes such chemicals as 
carbon tetrachloride, ethylene dichloride, perchloroethylene, and 
vinyl chloride monomer. 

The output of most of the acyclic miscellaneous chemicals that 
are produced in large volume increased in 1953 compared with 1952. 
Production of formaldehyde was 1,119 million pounds in 1953, conn- 
pared with 1,022 million pounds in 1952; of synthetic methanol, 
1,116 million pounds, compared with 1,099 million pounds; of 
synthetic ethyl alcohol,-'-'^ 1,060 million pounds, compared with 858 
million pounds; of isopropyl alcohol, 901 million pounds, compared 
with 846 million pounds; of acetic anhydride, 804 million pounds, 
compared with 686 million pounds; and of carbon disulfide, 501 
million pounds, compared with 476 million pounds. The production 
of ethylene glycol decreased to 624 million pounds in 1953 from the 
761 million pounds reported for 1952. Production of ethylene oxide 
in 1953, given for the first time, totaled 490 million pounds (exclud- 
ing the production that is not withdrawn from the reaction system). 



The large difference between production and sales indicates that a substantial part of 
the output of acyclic miscellaneous chemicals is consumed at the producing plants in the 
manufacture of other more advanced products. Acyclic miscellaneous chemicals so used are, 
therefore, acyclic intermediates. They correspond in function to cyclic intermediates, 
although no group of acyclic miscellaneous chemicals is commonly recognized by the 
chemical industry as intermediates. 

This report does not include statistics on the production of ethyl alcohol from natural 
sources by fermentation. The Alcohol Tax Unit, U. S. Bureau of Internal Revenue, issues 
such statistics monthly and annually. 



mmmMm.iiim:T&i 



PART III. ALPHABETICAL LIST OF INDIVIDUAL PRODUCTS, 
BY GROUPS, AND NAMES OF MANUFACTURERS 

Part III of this report consists of (1) a series of tables that 
supplement the statistical information given in parts I and II, and 
(2) a Directory of Manufacturers. Those tables whose numbers 
include the letter "B" supplement the tables in part I or part II 
whose numbers include the letter "A"; for example, table 8B in 
part III supplements table 8A in part II. 

Each table in part III lists alphabetically the individual items in 
each group for which data on production or sales were reported 
for 1953. Where an asterisk (*) precedes the name of an item in 
the tables in part III, separate statistics for the item are given in 
the tables in part I or part II. The manufacturers of each product 
are indicated by identification numbers, which are listed in the 
Directory of Manufacturers (table 27). A few companies, however, 
have specifically requested the Tariff Commission to withhold such 
information on certain items. These manufacturers are indicated 
by the letter "X" in the tables. 

Tar Crudes 



TABLE 4B.- -Organic chemicals: Tar crixles for which United States production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer , 1953 

[Tar crudes for which separate statistics are given in table 4A are marked below with an asterisk («); 
products not so marked do not appear in table AA because the reported data are confidential and may not 
be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from table 27. Table 27 iden- 
tifies all United States producers of tar crudes (except producers who report to the Coal Economics 
Division, U. S. Bureau of Mines)] 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



»Crude light oil 

Light-oil distillates: 
»Benzene, specification and industrial grades: 



2° 

90i6 

All other — __— 

•Toluene: 

Nitration grade, 1° 

Pure commercial grade, 2° 

«:)^lene: 

3°- , 

Commercial 

•Solvent naphtha 

»A11 other light-oil distillates 

Pyridine: 

Crude bases — — — — - — — — 

Semirefined or denaturing grade 

•Naphthalene, crude, solidifying at — 

Less than 7<l° C 

7^° C. to less than 76° C 

76° C. to less than 79° C 

•Crude tar-acid oils, having a tar-acid content of- 

5% to less than 2i% 

2A% to 50it 

•Cresylic acid, crude 

•Creosote oil (Dead oil): 

•Sold or consumed as such——- — 



•Sold or consumed in coal-tar solution 

•Coal tar sold or consumed in coal-tar solution- 
•All other distillate products 



45, 107, 155, 158, 375, «0. 



323, ^eA, 488, 536. 
215, 536. 
158, 536. 
157. 

323, 464, 536. 

157, 158, 215, 488, 536. 

158, 464. 
323. 

157, 215, 464, 488, 536. 

134, 157, 158, 323, 327, 372, 373, 464, 536. 

134, 215, 323, 488, 536. 

323, 536. 
323, 536. 

61, 107, 134, 157, 372. 

160, 327, 372. 

323, 372, 375, 536, 538. 

155, 160, 323, 372, 464, 536. 
155, 323, 327, 372, 375, 536. 
323, 372, 373, 536, 538. 

18, 45, 61, 107, 157, 160, 323, 372, 373, 375, 

464, 536, 585. 
160, 323, 372, 375, 528, 536. 
160, 323, 372, 375, 536. 
134, 155, 157, 323, 327, 372, 373, 536, 585. 



313486 O - 54 - 5 



57 



58 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 4b. --Organic chemicals 



Tar crudes for which United States production 
identified by manufacturer , i95J- -Continued 



sales were reported, 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



»Tar, road 

»Tar for other uses: 

Crude 

Refined 

Pitch of tar: 

*Sof t (Water softening point less than 110° F. ) 

♦Medium (Water softening point 110° F. to 160° F.)- 

»Hard: Water softening point of — 

.161° F. to 230° F 

231° F. to 291° F. and over 

*Pitch of tar coke and' pitch emulsion 



155, 156, 157, 160, 323, 372, 373, 528, 536, 
585. 

33, 158, 160, 323, 372, 373, 430, 536. 
107, 155, 323, 372, 373, 375, 536, 585. 

61, 157, 373, 536. 

18, 45, 107, 160, 323, 372, 373, 375, 528, 
536, 585. 

323, 372, 373, 536. 

157, 323, 372, 373, 536, 585. 

323, 372, 373, 528. 



Crude Products From Petroleum and Natural Gas 
for Chemical Conversion 

TAi3LE 52^ --Organic chemicals: Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for 
which United States production or sales were reported , identified by manufacturer , 1953 

[Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which separate statistics are 
given in table 5A are marked below with an asterisk (*); products not so marked do not appear in table 
5A because the reported data are confidential and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification 
numbers shown below are taken from table 27 1 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



ARQMATICS AND NAPHTHENES 



*Alkyl aromatics, distillates, and solvents- 
♦Benzene (except motor grade): 



»2 



Benzene, motor grade 

*Cresylic acid, crude 

Dicyclopentadiene 

»Naphthenic acids: 

Acid number less than 150 

Acid number 150-199 

Acid number 200-224 

»Aoid number 225-249 

Acid number 250 and over 

Petroleum phenols — 

Sodium carbolate and phenolate, crude- 
»Toluene : 

♦Nitration grade, 1° 

•Pure commercial grade, 2° 

Solvent grade; 

All other 

•Xylene : 

Aviation grade 

Nitration grade, 3° 

All other 



All other aromatics and naphthenes- 



ALIPHATIC fflfDROCARBONS 



Ci hydrocarbons: 
»C2 hydrocarbons: 

Acetylene 

•Ethane 

•Ethylene 



i*C3 hydrocarbons: 
•Propane-— 



•Propylene- 



•Propane-propylene mixture — 

*Ci hydrocarbons: 
•1,3-Butadiene, grade for rubber (elaatomcrs)- 



321, 333, 430, 441, 443, 473, 481, 484, 549. 

31, 258, 278, 283, 404. 

62, 223, 234, 306, 311, 392, 473, 481, 497, 

555, 560. 
311, 592. 

210, 223, 232, 538, 555, 560. 
481. 

404, 405. 

221, 404, 555. 

209, 305, 555. 

221, 223, 305, 318, 555. 

305. 

232, 441. 

210. 

223, 278, 283, 306, 404. 
62, 223, 245, 247, 441, 448. 
392, 560. 
311, 441, 555, 560. 

247, 555. 

223. 

223, 234, 278, 283, 311, 441, 560. 

311, 321, 443. 



252, 413, 4-i3, 560. 



252, 405, 413, 481, 484, 560, 592. 
62, 209, 245, 258, 321, 323, 333, 392, 405, 
413, 426, 448, 481, 484, 560, 592. 

210, 223, 234, 247, 252, 413, 430, 443, 473, 

560, 592. 
62, 223, 323, 392, 413, 443, 448, 481, 484, 

560, 605. 
405. 

90, 105, 213, 258, 323, 392, 441, 443, 448, 
481, 518. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, I953 

TABLE 5B.--0rgnnic chemicals: Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical c 
which United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1953- 



59 



ynversian for 
-Continued 



ALIPHATIC ffifDROCARBONS— Continued 



»C4 hydrocarbons — Continued 

Butadiene and butylene fraotions- 

Butane-butylene 

»n-Butane — 

»1-Butene, 2-butene, and mixtures- 



Butylene concentrate 

»Isobutane— 

Isobutylene 

»C5 hydrocarbons: 

Isopentane 

Isoprene- 

Methyl butenes 

Neopentane 

n-Pentane 

1-Pentene, 2-pentene, and mixtures — 

Ce hydrocarbons: 

Diisopropyl ( 2 , 3-Diiiiethylbutane ) 

Hexane 

Hexene-2 

Isohexane 

Methylpentanes — 

Methylpentenes 

Neohexane 

C7 hydrocarbons: 

n-Heptane 

Heptanes 

Isoheptane and isoheptene 

All other 

Cs hydrocarbons: 

»Di isobutylene 

n-Octane- 

2,2,4-Trimethylpentane (Iso-ootane)- 
All other 

Hydrocarbons, C9 and above: 

*Dodecene (Tetrapropylene ) 

Eicosane 

»Nonene (Tripropylene ) 

Polybutene 

Triisobutylene 

All other 

^Hydrocarbon derivatives: 

tert-Butyl mercaptan 

Di-tert-butyl disulfide 

Di-tert-butyl polysulfide 

Ethyl mere aptan 

Methyl mercaptan -— 

All other 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



62, 278, 283, 321, 323, 4A8, 555, 605. 

473. 

223, 247, 252, 413, 430, 443, 473, 592. 

209, 210, 213, 223, 234, 247, 405, 413, 

441, 443, 473, 481. 
443. 

252, 413, 430, 443, 473, 592. 
318, 441, 481. 



443, 


473. 










481. 












443. 












443. 












443. 












430, 


443, 


580, 


592 






443. 












441, 


443. 










443. 












443. 












443. 












443. 












443. 












441, 


443. 










443. 












443. 












443, 


481. 










210, 


258, 


318. 








441, 


443. 










443. 












443. 












223, 


404, 


443, 


473 


481, 


518 


210. 












210, 


234, 


404, 


405 


473, 


481 


555, 


560. 










210. 












62, 


247, 


322, 


404, 


443. 




443. 












443. 












443. 












278, 


423. 










423. 












210, 


443, 


477, 


555 







60 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 
Cyclic Intermediates 



TA3LE 7B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1953 

[ Cyclic intermediates for which separate statistics are given in table 7A are marked below with an asterisk 
(*); cyclic intermediates not so marked do not appear in table 7A because the reported data are confi- 
dential and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from table 
27. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number 
with the designated product. (Part C in the appendix lists alphabetically all the important common names 
of cyclic intermediates usually encountered in the trade and gives the corresponding standard (Chemical 
Abstracts) name under which the manufacturers' identification numbers are given in this table)] 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



Acenaphthylene ~ — 

6 ( and 7) -( 2-Aoetamido-'i-aminqphenylazo) -1-naphthalene . 
sulfonic acid. 

3-Acetamldo-5-amino-p-toluenesulfonic acid 

2-Acetamido-3-chloroanthraquinone 

2-Acetamldo-p-cresol 

l-Aoetamido-2-ethoxynaphthalene 

l-Aoetamido-2-methoxynaphthalene 

l-Acetamido-2-naphthol 

l-Acetamido-7-naphthol 

8-Acetamido-l-naphthol-3, 5-disulf onic acid 

3-Acetamido-5-nitro-p-toluenesulfonio acid 

5-Acetamidosalicylic acid 

»Acetanilide , tech 

o-Acetanisidide 

Aoetoacetanilide 

Acetoaceto-1-naphthylamide 

e=rAaetaas»iiQt,oluidide 

p-AcetoacetotOiuidide 

o-Acetotoluididg: 

p-Acetotoluidide 



21-Acetoxy-'4-bromo-17-hydroxy-3, 11, 20-triketopregnane- 

N-Acetylanthranilic acid 

"-Acetylhydrocinnamic acid, ethyl ester 

3-Acetyl-'i-hydroxycoumarin . 

Aoetylphenyl benzoate 

Acetylsulfadiazine 

Acetylsulfamerazine 

Acetylsulfamethazine 

«N-Acetylsulfanilyl chloride 

Aoetylsulfathiazole 

Acridlne yellow 

Alkyl benzene (high molecular weight ) 

*p-Aiiilnoacetanilide 

m-Aminoaoetqphenone 

5-Amino-2-(p-aminoanilino)benzenesulf onic acid- — 

l-Amino-<4— (">' -amino-3' -sulf oanillno) -2-anthraquinone - 

sulfonic acid. 
5-Amino-2-anilinobenzenesulfonlc acid 

*2- (p-Aminoanilino )-5-nitrobenzenesulf onic acid 

6- (3-Aminoanisamido )-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid, 
sodium salt. 

*l-Aminoanthraquinone and salt 

*2-Aminoanthraquinone and salt 

l-Aminoanthraquinone-2-sulfonic acid and salt 

l-Aminoanthraquinone-5(and 8)-sulfonic acid 

N-(^Amino-l-anthraquinonyl )anthranilic acid 

N-(5-Amino-l-anthraquinonyl )anthranilic acid 

N-[5(and 8)-Amino-l-anthraquinonyl]anthranilic acid 

N-(8-Amino-l-anthraquinonyl)anthranilio acid 

4— Aminoantipyrine 

»6-Amino-3, 4 '-azobis[ benzenesulf onic acid ] 

^-Aminoazotoluene-'i '-sulfonic acid 

8-Aminobenz [ a ] acridin-7 (12 )-one 



*l-Amlno-4-benzamidoanthraquinone — 

l-Amino-5-benzamidoanthraquinone — 

5-Amino-2-benzamido-l,'4— diethoxybenzene- 

»6- (m-Amlnobenzamido )-l-naphthol-3-sulf onic acid 

»6- (p-Amlnobenzamldo )-l-naphthol-3-sulf onic acid 

*2-Amino-p-benzenedlsulfonic acid [S03H=ll 

p-Amlnobenzoio acid, tech 

p-Aminobenzoic acid, ethyl ester (Benzooaine, non- 
medicinal grade). 

m-Amlnobenzoyl-m-phenylenediamine — — 

p-Aminobenzoyl-m-phenylenediamine 

m-Aminobenzyl alcohol — 



l-Amino-'4-bromoanthraquinone-2, 5-disulf onic acid 

'*l-Amino-i-bromo-2-anthraquinonesulfonic acid and salt- 

l-Amino-2-bromo-<i- (p-toluidino )anthraquinone 

»l-Amino-5-chloroanthraquinone 

l-Amino-5(and 8 )-ohloroanthraquinone 

l-Amino-8-chloroanthraquinone 



372 














495 














550 














550 














495 














495 














495 














495 














495 


527. 












550 














550 














565 














245 


448, 


483, 


495, 


521. 






527 














392 


463. 












463 


559. 












392 


463. 












550 














333 


527. 












464 


521. 












X. 














333 














123 














464 














376 














464 














464 














464 














245 


376, 


464, 


515. 








245 














333 


372. 












527 














210 














245 


333, 


480, 


495, 


527, 


550. 




376 














333 














495 














333 


495, 


527, 


550. 








294 


495, 


527, 


559, 


576. 






333 














268 


333, 


365, 


366, 


464, 


527, 550, 552, 576 


333 


464, 


527, 


550. 








333 


550. 












495 














550 














333 














333 














333 














379 














294 


495, 


527, 


550, 


559, 


569, 576. 




569 














527 














333 


464, 


550. 










333 


527, 


550. 










559 














268 


333, 


495, 


527, 


559, 


576. 




294 


333, 


495, 


527, 


550, 


559, 576. 




333 


550, 


559. 










333 


527. 












379 














495 














495 


527. 












333 














495. 














333 


365, 


527, 


550. 








365, 


550. 












333, 


366, 


464, 


527. 








464 


527. 












333, 


366, 


527. 











TABLE 7B, -Synthetic org 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 

mic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States production 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1953. -Continued 



61 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



2-Aiiilno-l-chloroanthraquinone 

2-Amino-3-chloroanthraquinone 

3-Ajiiino-6-chlorobenzoio acid — 

l-Amino-5-chlorobenzothiazole hydrochloride 

o-(3-Aiiiino-'4-chlorobenzoyl )benzoic acid 

2-Amino-5-chloro-^ethylbenzenesulfonic acid — 

l-Amino-5-chloro-'i-hydroxyanthraquinone 

2-Amino-6-ohloro— 4-nitrophenol 

«2-Amino-'i-ohlorophenol r 

2-Ainino-'4-ohloro-l-phenol-6-sulfonic acid 

2-Ainino-'i-ohlorophenyl benzyl ether 

»2-Amino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l] 

3-Aiiiino-5-ohloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l] 

6-Ajiiino-4-chloro-m-toluenesulfonio acid [S03H=l] 

<i -Amino-5' -chloro-p-toluenesulf ono-o-toluidide 

l-Ainino-2,4— dibromoanthraquinone 

l-Amino-ijS-dichloroanthraquinone 

i' -Ajiiino-2 ' , 5 '-diethoxybenzanilide 

5-Amino-2-( 2 ( 3) -dihydro-2-oxo-5-benzlmidazolyl) benzene- 
sulfonic acid. 

l-Amino-2 , S-diinethoxybenzonitrile- 

2-Amlno-'4 , 6-dimethylpyr imidine — 

2-Amino-3,5-dinitrobenzenesulfonethylajnide 

5-Aiiiino-5-ethoxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

p-Amino-N-ethyl-N-1-naphthylbenzamide 

m-Aminoformanilide 

5-Amino-8-(p-hydroxyanilino) -2-naphthalenesulf onic acid — 
5(and 8)-Amino-8(and 5)-(p-hydroxyanilino)-2-napthalene- 
sulfonic acid. 

•l-Amino-4-hydroxyanthraquinone 

3-Amino-2-hydroxyanthraquinone 

2-Amino-<4-hydroxybenzenearsonio acid 

3-Aiiiino-6-hydroxy-2-methylphenazine (Tolazine base ) 

6-Amino-2,'4-lutidine 

6-Amino-2-mercaptobenzothiazole 

l-Aiiiino-4— methoxyanthraquinone 

5-Ajiiino-6-methoxy-2-naphthalenesulfom.c acid 

m- ('4-Amino-3-methoxyphenylazo )benzenesulf onic acid 

S-Amino-S-methoxyquinoline (Amichin) 

7_ (4_Amino-5-methoxy-o-tolylazo )-l , 3-naphthalenedi- 

sulfonic acid. 
'i-('i'-Aiiilno-5'-!Hethoxy-o-tolylazo)-2,7-naphthalene- 
disulfonio acid, 5-phenylsulfone ester. 

l-Amino-2-methoxy-<i- (p-tolylsulf onamido )anthraquinone 

4-Aiziino-N-methylac'etanilide 

l-Aniino-2-methylanthraquinone — — 

6- ( 3-Amino-4-methylbenzainido )-l-naphthol-3-sulf onic aoid- 

4-'rAmino-6'-methylbenzanisidide 

2-A]iiino-5-(6-methyl-2-benzothiazolyl)benzene sulfonic 
acid. 

2-Aiiiino-<4-methyldlazine __ 

8-Aniino-7-methyl-2-phenazinol 

A-Andno-A- '-(3-methyl-5-pyrazolone )-2, 2 '-stilbenedi- 
sulfonic acid. 

2-Ai!iino-5-methyl-l , 3, -i-thiadiazole 

l-Aiiiino-2-methyl-4- (p-toluidino )anthraquinone 

1-Aminonaphth [2 , 3-c] acridine-5, S, 14.(13 )-trione 

'i-Amlnonaphth[2,3-o]acridine-5,8,14(13)-trione 

2-Amino-l, 5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

l-Amino-3,6-naphthalenedisulfonic acid, 8-phenylsulfone 
ester. 

2-Amlno-l,5(and l,8)-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

»3-Aiin.no-l, 5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Cassella acid) 

3-Mino-2, 7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

■i-Amino-l, 5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

4-Aiiiino-l, 6-naphthalenedisulf onic acid 

5-Ainino-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (F acid) 

*6-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Amino I acid) 

7-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Amino G acid) 

8-Amino-l, 6-naphthalenedisulfonlc acid 

l-Amino-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid (o-Naphthionic acid ) — 

*2-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Tobias acid) 

'♦(and 5)-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

«5-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Laurent's acid) 

»5-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfoniG acid (1,6-Cleve's acid) 

»5(and 8)-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Cleve's 
acid, mixed). 

»6-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Broenner's acid)- 

»8-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Peri 'acid) 

»8-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (l,7-Cleve's acid) 

7-Ajiiino-l,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid 



333, 550. 








550. 








550, 559. 








333. 








550. 








A6A. 








333, 550. 








550, 559. 








333, 424, 495, 


527 


550, 559. 




294, 495, 527, 


550 






559. 








376, 388, 464, 


521 


531, 569. 




376. 








333, 521, 550 








559. 








333, 527, 550 








333. 








550. 








333. 








550. 








464. 








483. 








333, 495, 559. 








550. 








333. 








333. 








333. 








333, 527, 550. 








527, 550. 








379. 








495, 527. 








372. 








498. 








333. 








495, 527. 








333, 495. 








132. 








495. 








495. 








333. 








527, 550. 








333, 365. 








333. 








550. 








550. 








464. 








333, 550. 








495. 








464. 








365. 








333. 








333. 








376, 464. 








495. 








495. 








333, 495, 521, 


527, 


550. 




495, 327. 








333, 527. 








333, 527. 








268, 569. 








268, 333, 464, 


495, 


527, 550, 559, 


576 


333, 464, 495, 


527, 


550. 




527, 550. 








333, 464. 








376, 464, 495, 


521, 


531, X. 




464. 








294, 333, 495, 


527, 


559. 




333, 495, 527, 


550, 


559. 




333, 495, 527, 


550. 







495, 521, 527, 537, X. 

333, 495, 527, 550. 

333, 495, 527, 550, 559. 
333. 



62 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 7B. -Syntheti 



rgnnic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States producti 
viere reported, identified by manufacturer , i95J- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



I 

* 



8-Amino-l, 3, 5-naphthalenetrisulf onic acid 

8-Amino-l,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonio acid (Koch's acid) — 
"^Amino-l, 3, 5-naphthalenetrisulf onic acid-4, 5-sultam, 

trisodium salt. 
5-Amino-l-naphthol 

7-Aiiiino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid (2R acid), 
monosodium salt. 

8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,5-disulfonic acid (K acid) 

*8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonio acid (H acid), 

monosodiuiTi salt. 
*8-Amino-l-naphthol-5,7-disulfonic acid (Chicago acid) 
(2S acid), monosodiiim salt. 
8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid, p-toluene- 
sulfonate. 

«l-Aiiiino-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid (1,2,'4-Acid) 

*6-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (I acid), sodium salt- 

»7-Aiiiino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (Gamma acid), sodium 
salt. 

»8-Amlno-l-naphthol-5-sulfonic acid (S acid), sodium salt- 

m-(4-Amino-l-naphthylazo)benzenesulfonic acid 

Aminonaphthylene isocyanate 

5-Aniino-2- (p-nitroanilino )benzenesulf onic acid 

3-Amino-5-(m-nitrobenzamido)-p-toluenesulfonic acid 

3-Amino-'4'-nitrobenzanilide- 



*2-Amino-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid [SOjH^lJ 

*2-Amino-<i-nitrophenol 

2-Amino-5-nitrophenol 

2-Amino-'i— nitro-l-phenol-6-sulfonic acid- 



8-Amino-'J- (m-nitrophenylazo )-2-naphthol 

'i-Amino-<i'-nitro-2,2'-stilbenedisulfonlc acid 

2-Amino-5-nitrothiazole 

3-Amino-5-nitro-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l] 

3-Amino-'4-octadecylaminobenzenesulfonic acid, sodium 
salt. 

m-Aminooxanilio acid 

p-Aminooxanilic acid- 



(6-Aminophenethylmercapto )acetic acid 

*m-Aminophenol 

p-Aminophenol and salts 

*2-Amino-l-phenol-4— sulfonamide 

2-Amino-l-phenol— 4-sulfonanthranilide 

*2-Amino-l-phenol-'i-sulfonic acid 

m-(p-Aminophenylazo)benzenesulfonic acid 

*p- (p-Aminophenylazo )benzenesulf onic acid 

5(and 8)-Amino-8(and 5)-phenylazo-2-naphthalenesulfonic 
acid. 

5- (p-Aminophenylazo )salicylic acid 

"i-Amino-a-phenyl-m-cresol hydrochloride 

2- (p-Aminophenyl )-6-methylbenzothiazole 

2- (p-Aminophenyl )-6-methyl-7-benzothiazoleBulf onic 
acid and salt. 

1- (m-Aminophenyl )-5-oxo-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid 

2-Amino-3-picoline 

6-Amino-3-picoline 

2-Aminopyridine 

"i-Aminosalicylic acid 

5-Aminosalicylic acid 

2-(i_Amino-3-sulfophenyl)-6-methylbenzothiazolesulfonic 

acid. 
2-Aminothiazole ~ — 

l-Amlno-4.-(p-toluenesulfonamido)-2-anthraqulnonesulfonic 
acid. 

5-Amlno-o-toluenesulfonanilide 

♦A-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l] 

»<4-Amino-o-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

»5-Amino-o-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l] 

6-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l] 

7-(4-Amlno-o-tolylazo)-l, 5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

4-('l-Amlno-m-tolylazo)-m-toluenesulfonic acid — --.. 

N-(4-Ainlno-m-tolyl )-p-quinone imine 

^-Aminox ant hopurpur i n- 



»2-Amino-3,5-xylenesulfonic acid [SOjHsl] 

p-seo-Araylphenol 

p-tert-Amylphenol 



333, 


527. 










333. 












527. 












333, 


495, 550. 










333, 


527. 










550. 












2-15, 


333, 527. 










333, 


495, 527. 










569. 












333, 


464, 495, 


527, 


550, 


559, 569. 




268, 


294, 333, 


464, 


495, 


523, 527, 550, 559 




576. 










333, 


.495, 527, 


550. 








333, 


495, 527. 










464. 












245. 












569. 












550. 












495. 












333, 


464, 495, 


527, 


550. 






294, 


333, 527, 


550. 








550, 


559. 










294, 


495, 










333. 












495. 












245, 












550. 












550. 












333. 












333, 


569. 










333. 












268, 


434, 464, 


498, 


550. 






460. 












333, 


460, 464, 


498. 








333, 


495, 527, 


550. 








495. 












333, 


434, 495, 


527, 


569, 


576. 




333, 


495, 576. 










294, 


464, 495, 


527, 


550, 


559, 569. 




495. 












495. 












498. 












333, 


527. 










333. 












333, 


495. 










372. 












372. 












372. 












205, 


372. 










464. 












569. 












495, 


527, 576. 










495. 












464, 


515. 










333. 












550. 












333, 


464, 521, 


527, 


559. 






376, 


495. 










333, 


537, 550. 










333. 












495. 












527, 


559. 










333. 












464, 


550. 










550. 












333, 


355, 376. 










580. 












580. 












580. 












580. 













TABLE 1B.--Syntheti 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, I953 

organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States producti 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , l95J- -Continued 



63 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



2-n-Amylpyridine- 

"♦-n-Ajnylpyridine 

»Aniline (Aniline oil) 

Aniline salt 

l-Anilino-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid — ■ ~ 

2-Anilinoethanol (Phenylethanolamine ) 

8-Anilino-5- (p-hydroxyanilino )-l-naphthalenesulf onio 

acid. 

l-Anilino-4-hydroxyanthraquinone 

"4-Anilino-4'-hydroxydipheoylamine 

2Wlnilino-4-(8 '-hydroxy-3',6'-disulfo-l'-naphthylamino)- 

6-( "i-p-anilinosalicylazoj -i-triazine . 

"Anilinomethanesulfonic acid and salt 

6-Anilino-2-methoxynietanilic acid- 



»8-Anilino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Phenyl peri acid)- 
*6-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonio acid (Phenyl J acid) 



*7-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (Phenyl gamma aoid)- 

2-Anilino-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic aoid~ — 

N-(p-Anilinophenyl )-p-quinone imine — 

o-Anisidine — 

p-Anisidine 

o-Anisidlne nitrate 

Anisole , tech 

a-(p-Anisyl)-a-ethyl-p-methoxyacetophenone 

a- (p-Anisyl )-p-methoxyacetophenone 

N- (p-Anisyl )-'4-nitroanthranilic acid 

N- (p-Anisyl )-p-phenylenediamine sulfate-- 

Anthracene, refined— 



Anthracene, scintillation grade 

Anthraflavic acid (2,6-Dihydroxyanthraquinone) 

*Anthranilic acid (o-Aminobenzoic acid) 

Anthr a [1,9] pyrazol-6 (2 ) -one (Pyrazolanthrone ) 

Anthr aquinone , IOO56 

2-Anthraquinonecarboxylic acid — ~ 

N , N '- (1, 5-Anthraquinone )dioxamic acid 

•1, 5-Anthraquinonedlsulf onic acid 

l,5(and l,8)-Anthraquinonedisulfonic acid and salt 

»1, 8-Anthraquinonedisulf onic acid 

*l,8-Anthraquinonedisulfonic acid, potassium salt 

*2 , 6-Anthraquinonedisulf onio acid and salt ™ 

*l-Anthraquinonesulfonic acid and salt- 



2-Anthraquinonesulf onic acid and salt (Silver salt ) 

3- (1-Anthraquinonylamino )-7-benz[ de ] anthracen-7-one 

N,N'-(l,5-Anthraquinonylene)dianthranilic acid— 

l,l'-[l,5(and l,8)-Anthraquinonylenediimlno]bi3- 

[naphthf 2,3-0] acridine-5,8,l'i(13)-trione]. 
l-(l-Anthraquinonyl)-l,2-hydrazinedi3ulfonic acid, 

disodium salt. 

*Anthraruf in ( 1 , 5-Dlhydroxyanthraqulnone ) 

Arsanllio acid and salt, tech 

Azobenzene 

"i',"* -Azobis[4-biphenylcarboxylio acid] 

l,l'-(Azobis [p-phenylenecarbonyl ] )-2-bls[ l-nitro-2- 

anthraquinonylcarbonyl] hydrazide . 

Azoxybenzene 

m,m-Azoxydi aniline 



Benzaldehyde, tech- 

l-Benzamido-A-aminoanthraquinone 

^-(i-Benzamldo-l-anthraquinonylamino )naphth[ 2, 3-0 ] - 

aoridine-5,8,U(l3)-trione. 

l-Benzamido-'4-ehloro anthr aquinone- — — — _ 

•l-Benzamido-S-chloroanthraquinone 

l-Benzamido-5-ehloro-4-methoxyanthraquinone -— — 

4-Benzamido-5-ohloro-o-toluidine [ NH2=l] 

5-Benzamido-i-ohloro-o-toluidine [ NH2=l] 

2-Benzamido-p-oreaol (0H= 1 ) 

2-[3-(4-Benzamldo-2,5-diethoxyphenyl)-l-methyldiazo- 

aminojethanesulfonic acid. 
2-[3-(4-Benzamido-2 , 5-dimethoxyphenyl )-l-methyldiazo- 

aminojethanesulfonic acid. 
[ 3-(4-Benzamido-6-methoxy-m-tolyl)-l-methyldiazoamino] - 

acetic acid. 
2-[3-(4-Benzamido-6-methoxy-m-tolyl)-l-methyldiazoaiaino]- 

ethanesulfonic acid. 
8-Benzamldo-l-naphthol-3, 5-disulfonic acid- 



6-Benzanddo-l-naphthol-3-8ulfonio acid (Benzoyl J aoid)- 
2-Benzanldo-5-nltro-l , 4-dlethoxybenzene- 



l-Benzamldo-5-(p-tolylaulfonaniido)anthraquinone 



372. 










372. 










245, 333, 


378, 


448, 


464, 


527. 


464, 504. 










464. 










527. 










392. 










333. 










333. 










495. 










495. 










294, 333, 


464, 


495, 


527, 


550, 559, 569. 


495. 










294, 333, 


495, 


527, 


550. 




268, 294, 


333, 


495, 


523, 


527, 550, 559, 569 


576. 










294, 333, 


464, 


495, 


527, 


559. 


495, 550. 










333. 










397, 431. 










245, 333. 










245, 333. 










550. 










333, 582. 










442. 










176, 4-i2. 










550. 










550. 










323, 372. 










372. 










495, 550. 










301, 333, 


434, 


448, 


527, 


550. 


333, 365, 


550. 








333, 464, 


550. 








464. 










495, 550. 










333, 365, 


366, 


464, 


527, 


550. 


333, 365, 


495. 








333, 365. 










366, 550. 










333, 365, 


456, 


464, 


527, 


550. 


333, 365, 


366, 


464, 


495, 


527, 550, 552, 576 


333, 527, 


576, 








456, 464, 


550, 


552. 






333. 










333. 










333, X. 










294, 464, 


527, 


550. 






132, 565. 










527. 










333. 










333. 










434. 










495, 559. 










331, 343, 


397. 








365, 498. 










527. 










333. 










333, 550. 










333, 464, 


527, 


550. 






333, 550. 










559. 










559. 










495. 










550. 










550. 










376, 550. 










550. 










550. 










294, 495, 










559. 










333. 











64 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 7B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediatea for which United States produ 
tiere reported, identified by manufacturer, I95J- -Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



»7-Benz[de]anthracen-7-one (Benzanthrone)- 



Benzenesulfonamlde 

Benzenesulfonlc acid- 



Benzenesulfonic acid, isopropyl ester- 
Benzenesulfonic acid, n-propyl ester — 

^Benzenesulfonlc acid, sodium salt 

Benzenesulfonyl chloride 

Benzhydrol (Diphenylmethanol) 

"Benzidine base— ■■- 



•Benzidine hydrochloride and sulfate- 

Benzil (Bibenzoyl) 

Benzillo acid — — — — 



2-Benzofuryl oyanomethyl ketone- 
Benzoic acid, tech 

•Benzoin — 

Benzonitrile 

Benzotriazole- 



2 (3 )-Benzoxazolone— — 
•o-Benzoylbenzoic acid — 

Benzoyl chloride 

Benzylanine 



o-Benzyl-p-chlorophenol- 
Benzyl disulfide- 



•Benzyl ether (Dibenzyl ether) 

4r (N-Benzyl-N-ethylaioino )-o-toluenesulf onic acid- 

N-Benzyl-N-ethyl-m-toluldine- 

'l-Benzylidlneaminoantlpyrlne- 



p,p'-Benzylidinebia[N,N-diethylanillne] 

p,p'-Benzylldinebis[N,N-dimethylaniline] 

Benzyl polysulfide 

2-Benzylpyridine 
4-Benzylpyrldine- 



4, A' -Biacetoacetanilide- 
N,N-Biacetoaoet-o-tolidlne- 



(3, 3'-Bianthra[ 1,9] pyrazolone )-6, 6' -dlone, potassium 

salt. 
(3,3'-Bl-7-benz[de]anthracen)-7,7'-dlone- 



* (A, A'-Bi-7-benz[ de] anthracen)-7,7'-dlone 

endo-cia-Blcyclq [2 ,2 , 1 ] -5-heptene-2 , 3-dlcarboxylic 

anhydride . 
Blcyclohoxyl 



(l,l'-Binaphthalene)-8,8'-dicarboxyHc acid — 

1, l'-Bi-2-naphthol 

Biphenyl- 



p-Biphenyl, Isocyanate— 



»1, A-Bia [l-anthraquinonylamino ]anthraquinone' 
1, 5-Bis [l-anthraqulnonylamino]anthrBqulnone. 



»3,9-Bis [l-anthraquinonylamino]-7-benz [de]anthracen-7-one- 
Bia [l-anthraqulnonylamlno] violanthrone- 



3,3^-Bisf7-benz[de^ anthracen-7-one] sulfide 

N, N '-Bia [ l-ohloro-2-anthraqulnonyl] -4, A '-azobia [ A-ti- 

phenylcarbozimide] . 
A, A '-Bis [ diethylamino] benzhydrol- 



4,4'-BlB[diethylamlno]benzophenone (Ethyl ketone base)- 
2 , 7-Bis [dlmethylamino] acridine hydroohloride- 



»A,4'-Blsfdiiiiethylamlno]benzhydrol (Michler's hydrol) 

*4,4'-Bis[dlmethylamino]benzophenone (Michler's ketone) 

Bis [p-dimethylamlnophenyl]methaneaulf onic acid and salt — 
l-Bla[p-dlnethylamlnophcnyl] inethyl-2, 7-naphthalenedi- 
sulfonic acid. 

l,5-Biar2,-4-dlnltrophenoxy]-4,8-dinitroanthraquinone 

1, 8-Bi8 [2,4-dlnitropheno}cy]-4, 5-dinltroanthraqulnone 

m-Bls[2 , 3-epoxyprqpaxy ] benzene 

a-Bia f(N-ethyl-N-3"-sulfobenzyl)-4'-amlno-2'-tolyl]-p- 
tolueneaulfonlc acid. 

1, 2-Bia [l-nltro-2-anthraqulnonylcarbonyl] hydrazine 

m-BromoacBtylphenyl benzoate : 

p-Bromoanlsole- 



•3-Broiiio-7-benz[de]anthracen-7-one (Bromobenzanthrone )- 
Bromobenzene, nono- 



•4-Brainobenzophenone- 



12-Bromo-3,9-epoxy-ll-ketocholanlc acid, methyl eater- 

S-Brostolaatin 

l-Braiao-4-(N-inethylaoetamido)anthraqulnone— — 

4-Bromo-l-methylaminoanthi'aquinone — ——————. 

2-Bromo-3-nethylanthraqulnone- 



6-Bramo-3-methyl-7-dibenz ( f , i J ) laoquinollne-2 , 7( 3) -diono- 

l-Brooionapbthalene 

o-BroBD-p-nltroacetophenone- 



1- (9-BroBo-7-oxo-7-beisz[ de] anthracen-3-ylaiiilno ) anthra- 
quinone. 



lU, 29-i, 333, 365, 


366, 


456, 


464, 527, 550 


552, 576. 








549. 








377. 








333. 








549. 








377, 536, 549. 








495, 549. 








582. 








333, 495, 527. 








333, 434, 495, 527, 


550, 


591. 




389, 397. 








343, 397. 








498. 








245, 331, 338, 343, 


397. 






343, 389, 397, 515. 








362. 








376, 599. 








550. 








333, 464, 527, 550. 








331, 338. 








431. 








245. 








123, 591. 








331, 343, 562, 582. 








527. 








527. 








379. 








76. 








76. 








338. 








372. 








372. 








559. 








434. 








333. 








333. 








294, 333, 365, 366, 


456, 


527, 


550, 552. 


527. 








245. 








333, 527, 550. 








176, 493. 








245, 448. 








245. 








333, 366, 464, 527, 


550, 


552. 




333. 








365, 366, 456, 464, 


527, 


550, 


552. 


550. 








366. 








550. 








495. 








76, 333. 








559. 








76, 333, 376, 550. 








76, 333, 376, 527, 


550. 






527. 








495. 








333. 








333. 








483. 








495. 








333. 








376. 








431. 








333, 365, 366, 456, 


464, 


527, 


550, 552, 576. 


181, 448, 494. 








229, 431, 494. 








122. 








550. 








550. 








365. 








333. 








365, 550. 








368, 498. 








245, 550. 








333. 









SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



65 



TABLE TB.- -Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States product i 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , J955- -Continued 



Manufacturers' Identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



p-Bromophenol 

Z-Bromopyridine 

Bromoquinizarin 

o-(3-Bromo-p-tolyl)benzole acid 

l-Broiiio-2, 4, 6-triethylbenzene 

p-n-Butylaniline 

Z-tert-Butylanthraquinone — ~ 

sec-Butylbenzene — -— 

tert-Butylbenzene 

Butyl-m-cresol — __ 

3-tert-Butyl-p-cymene 

6-tert-Butyl-2,4-diiiiethylacetophenone ______ 

N-"- -Butyl -'i-metlioxymetanilainide 

2-tert-Butyl-5-methylanisole 

p_tert-Butylphenol 

Carbazole, refined — 

p_(3-Carbazolylainino)phenol ~ — — — 

o,o'-Carbonyldioxydibenzolc acid, diethyl ester 

2(ajid 6)-Carboxybenzene-4(and 2 )-diazoa!nine 

5- (o-Carboxybenzoyl )-2-chlorooxanilio acid 

3-Carboxy_2(and 'i)-hydroxybenzenediazonium sulfate 

3-Carboxyiiiethyl-l-(5_chloro_o-anisyl)_3-methyltriazene 

3-Carboxyiiiethyl-l-(5-chloro-o-tolyl)-3-niethyltriazene 

Chelidamio acid — ___________ 

o-Chloroaoetoaoetanilide ____ ________ 

Chloroaoetylcateohol 

«m-Chloroaniline — — 

o_Chloroaniline— —_ _■ ■ ■ _____ 

2- (Chloroanilino )ethanol 

5_Chloro-o-anisidine [NH2=l] ('4-Chloro-o_aniEidine ) 

[0CH3=l]. 
2- [3- ( 5-Chloro-2-anisyl )-l-methyldiazoaiin" no] ethane- 
sulfonic acid. 

3-Chloro-2-anthracenecarboxylic acid 

i-Chloroanthranilic acid _______ .. 

*1-Chloroanthraquinone ___ 

*2-Chloroanthraquinone ■■- ■ — 

CW.oroanthraq\iinones , mixed 

l-Chloro-2_anthraquinonecarboxylie acid ________ 

o-Chlorobenzaldehyde — — 

p-Chlorobenzaldehyde __________________________ 

Chloro-7-benz [de] anthracen-7-one (Chlorobenzanthrone ) 

»Chloroben2ene, mono 

N-Chlorobenzenesulfonamide, sodium sait 

p-Chlorobenzenesulfonic acid 

m_Chlorobenzoic acid— --■ - — _ 

p-Chlorobenzoic acid 

4-Chlorobenzophenone~ ___________________ — _____ 

5-Chloro_2(3)-benzoxazolone _____ 

o_ (m-Chlorobenzoyl)benzoic acid— 

*o-(p-Chlorobenzoyl)benzoic acid— 

p-Chiorobenzoyl chloride 

7-Chlorocymene 

N_ f 3_Chloro-9, 10-dihydroxy_2_anthranyl )acetamidebis- 
[acid sulfate]. 

5-Chloro-2 , 't-dimethoxyaniline ___ 

5-Chloro-4, 7-dim&thyl-3 (2 ) -thianaphthenone 

*l-Chloro_2, 'i-dinltrobenzene (Dinitrochlorobenzene ) 

2-Chloro-3 ; 5-dlnitrobenzenesulf onethylamide ■ 

2-Chloro-3, 5-dinltrobenzenesulf onic acid 

2-Chloro-3, S-dinltrobenzenesulf onyl chloride 

6-Chloro-2, 4-dlnitrophenol 

2-Chloro-N-ethyl-5-nitrobenzenesulfonanilide 

5_Chloro-2-fornylbenzenesulfonlc acid 

4-Chloro-3-hydrazinobenzene8ulfonic acid i 

<l-Chloroiiietanillc acid — 

S-Chlorometanllic acid 

6-Chloroiiietanllic acid 

[ 3- ( 5-Chloro-2-iiiethoxyphenyl ) -l-methyldiazoamino] ao et ic 
acid. 

*l-Chloro-2_!iiethylanthraquinone 

5-Chloro-^-methylbenzo-l, 3-thlaza-2-thlonlum chloride 

Chloronaphthalenes __________________ 

8-Chloro-l-naphthaleneeulfonlc acid, sodium salt 

8_Chloro-l-naphthaleneBulfonyl chloride 

8-Chloro_l_naphthol-3,6-dlsulfonio acid (Chloro H acid)- 



443. 
A43, 



AS'?. 
372. 



515, 597. 
463. 

333, 345, 527, 550. 

460. 

333. 



365, 366, 464, 527, 550, 552, 576. 
527, 550. 



245, 333, 338, 387, 390, 391, 448. 
569. 



527, 550. 



333, 464, 527, 550, 576. 



550. 
527, 550. 

366, 464, 527, 550. 



66 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TAGLE 7B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States production 
were reported , identified by manufacturer , J95J- -Continued 



Manufacturers' Identifioation numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



9-Chloronaphtho [ 1 , 2-b] thlophen-3( 2 ) -one 

8-Chloro-l-naphthylmercaptoacetic acid 

*2-Chloro-^nitroaniline ( o-Chloro-p-nitroaniline ) 

*4-Chloro-2-nitroaniline (p-Chloro-o-nitroanillne) 

4— Chloro-2-nitroanisole 

l-Chloro-5-nitroanthraquinone 

l-Chloro-5( and 8)-nltroanthraquinone 

l-Cliloro-8-nitroanthraquinone 

l-Chloro-2-nitrobenzene 

l-Chloro-2 ( and >4) -nitrobenzene ~ 

l-Chloro-3-nitrobenzene 

l-Chloro-4-nitrobenzene 

Chloronitrobenzenes , mixed 

»'i-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamide 



*2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzenesulfonio acid 

2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid, magnesium salt 

2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid ~ — — -_— 

2-Cliloro-5-nltrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

<i-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonyl ch] oride 

2-Chloro-<i-nitrobenzoic acid 

2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzoic acid 

5-Chloro-6-nitro-2 ( 3 ) -benzoxazolone — — — - 

o-C'i-Chloro-S-nitrobenzoyl) benzoic acid-—— -— — 

4-Chloro-2-nitro-l-phenol-6-sulfonlc acid 

6-Chloro-2-nitro-l-phenol-6-sulfonic acid 

6-(2-Chloro-'4-nitrophenylazo)-<i— methyl -m-anisidine 

<i-Chloro-2-nitrophenyl benzyl ether 

4-Chloro-2-nitrophenyl ether 

2-Chloro-A-nitrotoluene — 

4-Chloro-2-nitrotoluene — 

'4-Chloro-3-nitrotoluene 

6-Chloro-2-nitrotoluene — 

Chloronitrotoluenes, mixed — 

A-Chloro-S-nitro-p-toluenesulfono-o-toluidide — — - 

p-Chlorophenol — — — — 

5-Chloro-2-phenoxyaniline 

»(p-Chlorophenyl)acetonitrile 

( o-Chlorophenyl )hydroquinone 

-i-Chlorophthalic acid 



"i-Chlorophthalic acid, sodium salt- 

Chlorophthalic anhydride 

2-Chloropyridine 

6-Chloroquinaldlne _— 

*2-Chloroquinizarin- 



5-Chloro-8-quinolinol — — — 

2-Chloro-5-sulfobenzoic acid — 

1- ( 6-Chloro-3-sulf ophenyl ) -3-methyl-5-pyrazolone- 

o-Chlorotoluene — — — 

p-Chlorotoluene -— — 

»a-Chlorotoluene (Benzyl chloride)- 



3-Chloro-p-tolaenesulfonic acid and salt [S03H=l] 

5-Chloro-o-toluenesulfonic acid and salt [sOsH^l] ~ 

5-Chloro-p-toluenesulfono-o-toluldide 

3-Chloro-o-toluidine 

3-Chloro-p-toluidine 

»'4-Chloro-o-toluidine [CH3=l] (Red KB base)- 



5-Chloro-o-toluidine [CHj^l] (Fast red TR base) 

♦4-Chloro-o-toluidine hydrochloride —- — — ~ 

5-Chloro-o-toluldine hydrochloride 

5-Chloro-o-toluldine sulfate 

*4-Chloro-o-tolylmercaptoacetio acid — — 

2-[3-(5-Chloro-o-tolyl)-l-methyldiazoamino]ethanesul- 
fonlc acid. 

l-(5-Chloro-o-tolyl)-3-methyl-3-triazenoaoetlc acid 

4-Chloro-2 , 5-xylenesulf onyl chloride 

*i-Chloro-2, 5-xylylmercaptoacetic acid _— — — _ — 

s-Collldlne (2,4,6-Trimethylpyridine) 

*Cresols:^ 

o-Cresol— — _ 

*Cresol3, mixed:'- 

Cresol (meta, para) 

Cresol (ortho, meta, para) — — -■ - — — 

2, 3-Cresotic acid— — — _. — ______ 



448, 464, 531, 537, 576. 
448, 460, 527. 



366, 527. 



366, 527. 
333. 



333. 
333, 576. 



483, 495, 550, 576. 

464, 483, 495, 527, 550, 576. 



550, 559, 569, 576. 
483. 



424, 550. 
550. 



550. 
527, 550. 



448. 
448. 



431, 562. 



424, 495, 527. 

550. 
527. 
331, 338, 343, 397. 



550. 

527, 550, 576. 

464, 527. 

464, 550, 569. 



464, 527, 563. 



550, 563. 
550. 



372. 

372, 538. 

536, 562. 

372, 373, 536, 538. 

373, 536, 538. 



See footnote at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 

•Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States product! 
were reported , identified by manufacturer , J953--Continued 



67 



"Cresyllc acid, reflned- 



Cumene- 



p_(2-Cyanoethyl)methylaminobenzaldehyde 

8-Cyano-l-naphthalenesulfonlo acid, sodium salt- 

Cyanuric chloride — — — ~ 

<<Cyclohexane 

Cyclohexanol 

Cyclohexanone — ~ 

Cyclohexanone oxime 

Cyolohexene- 



4-Cyclohexene-l, 2-dicarl30xiiiilde — 

Cyolohexylamine 

Cyclohexyl-2-propanone- 
p-Cymene 



Decylbenzene — 

1 , 5 ( and 1,8) -Diacetamidoantlrraquinone- 



4-Dlamlnoanthraquinone- 

S-Diamlnoanthraquinone 

5 (and l,8)-Diajninoanthraquinone- 
6-Dlaminoanthraquinone-— 



4-Diainino-2 , 3-anthraquinonedicarbonitrile 

•i-Diamino-S , 3-anthraqulnonedicarboxamide ___— _ 

4-Diajiiino-2, 3-anthraqulnonedisulf onic acid 

8-Diaminoanthrarufin 

4-' -Diaminobenzamidodiphenylurea-3,3'-disulfonio aoid- 
i'-Diaminobenzanilide- 



4-Diaminobenzenesulfonio acid [SOjH^l] 

5-Diaminobenzeiiesulfonio acid [SOsH-l] 

a' -Diaiiilno-2 , 2 ' -biphenyldisulf onic acid 

4' -Diamino-3, 3 '-biphenyldisulf onic acid 

2'-DiaiLino-5,5'-bi-m-toluenesulfonic acid 

3 ' -Dlaminooarbanilide 

V-Diaminodlbenzothiophenedisulf onic acid-5, 5-dioxide, 
disodium salt. 

4-Diamino-2,3-dichloroanthraquinone— — ---.,-. — 

4'-Diamino-5,5 '-dimethyl-2,2'-biphenyldisulf onic acid- 

4'-Diamino-3, 3 '-dimethyl triphenylmethane 

/,' -Diaminodiphenylamine sulfate 

•4' -Diaminodiphenylamine-2-sulf onic acid 

4' -Diaminodlphenyl sulf one- 



6-Diamino-l-naphthalenesulfonio acid- 
4-Diamino-5-nitroanthraquinone- 

N'-Di(m-aminophenyl)oxamide-— 

N'-Dl(p-aminophenyl)oxamide 

4' -Dianiiio-2, 2' -stilbenedisulf onic acid 

6-Diamino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l] 

4-Di-sec-aj!iylphenol 



4-Di-tert-amylphenol- 

5-Diaiilllno-2, 6-anthraqulnonedicarboxylic aoid- 

4-Dianilino-l-hydroxyanthraquinone 

4-Diazo-2, 5-dichlorobenzenesulf onic acid 

N-Dl-2-azodiphenol- 



Manuf acturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



464. 
305, 333, 4^1, U3. 
338, 448. 



88, 223, 232, 323, 362, 372, 373, 464, 536, 

538, 555, 595.^ 
448. 
330. 
333 
10, 
223 
333 
333 
333 
448 
527 
245 
229 
285 
245 
576 
268 
333 
333 
333 
333 
333 
333 
333 
559 
550 
333 
294 
550 
434 
495 
550 
464 



l,5-Dibenz6imidoanthraquinone — ■■ ■ • 

4,4 '-Dibenzamido-1 ,1' -iminodianthraquinone — ~ 

»4 , 5 '-Dibenzamido-1 , l' -iminodianthraquinone 

5 '-Dibenzamido-1, l' -iminodianthraquinone-- — 

5 '-Dibenzamido-8 ' -methoxy-1, l' -iminodianthraquinone — 
Dibenzofuran — — ~ — .— — 



5-Dibenzoylnaphthalene- 
N'-Dibenzylethylenediamine diacetate- 



N,N-Dlbenzylsulfanilic acid and sodium salt- 

»3,9-Dibromo-7-benz [de] anthraoen-7-one 

p-Dibromobenzene- 

7 

5 



16-Dibromoindanthrene- 
5 '-Dlbromoindigotin- 



2 , 6-Dibroiiio-l , 5-naphthalenediol- 

Dlbromo-8, 16-pyranthTenedione 

Dibramoviolanthrone- 
Di-n-butylaniline- 



4,6-Di-tert-butyl-m-cresol 

»2,5-DichloroaniHne and hydrochloride [NHjd.]- 
3 , 4-Dichloroaniline- 



»1, 5-Dichloroanthraquinone- 

•l,5(and l,8)-Dlchloroanthraquinone- 
»1, 8-Diohloroanthraquinone- 



4,8(and 4,5)-Dlchloro-l,5(and l,8)-anthraquinonedi- 

sulfonic acid. 
2 , 6-Dichlorobenzaldehyde 
*o-Dichlorobenzene- 



o(and p)-Dichlorobenzene- 



333, 366, 527, 550. 

366. 

495, 576. 

365, 366, 464, 527, 550, 576. 



495, 527, 550. 
495. 



464, 495, 559, 576. 
527, 559, 576. 



550. 

495, 527, 550, 559, 569, 576. 

495, 527, 559. 

372. 

342, 464, 495, 527, 550, 559. 



527, 550. 
495, 550. 



456, 464, 527, 550. 
550. 



550. 
431. 

333, 365, 366, 456, 464, 527, 550, 552. 



591. 

376, 460, 527, 550, 576. 

365, 527, 550. 

365, 527, 550. 

365, 366, 550. 



197, 236, 245, 333, 338, 391, 448. 

390. 



See footnote at end of table. 



68 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 7B. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States production or sale 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , J953- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



■*p-Dichloroben2ene — — 

*3,3'-Dichlorobenzidlne base and salts 

Sj'i-Dichlorobenzolc acid 

2, 5-Dichlorobenzoic acid 

2,4.-Diohlorobenzoyl chloride 

N,N'-(2,5-Dichloro-3,6-dioxo-p-pheiiylene)bis[6-(2(3) 
oxo-5-benzimida2Dlylamino]metanilic acid. 

Dichlorcdiphenylsilane 

2, S-Dichloro-^hydrazinobenzenesulf onic acid 

2,6-Diohloro-<i-nitroanlline 

<i, S-Dicliloro-l-nitroanthraquinone — 

l,2-Dicliloro-'4— nitrobenzene — — 

»l,'i-Dichloro-2-nitrobenzene 

»2, 4-Dichlorophenol 



2-[3-(2,5-Diohlorophenyl)-l-ethyldiazoaniino] -5-sulfo- 
benzoic acid. 

2,5-Dichlorophenylhydrazlne _____ _ ___ 

Dichlorophenylphosphine sulfide — • — 

<4,7-Diohloroquinoline 

o- ( 3 , 5-Dichlorosalicyloyl )benzoic acid 

2,5_Dichlorosulfanilic acid [S03H=1] 

»l-( 2 , 5-Dichloro-4-sulf ophenyl ) -3-methyl-5-pyrazolone — 
p, a-Dichlorotoluene — 
a,a-Dichlorotoluene (Benzal chloride)- 
2 , 4-Dichlor otoluene- 

*2,6-Dichlorotoluene- 
3,'4-Dichlorotoluene_ 
Dicyclohexylamine- 



p-Diethylaminobenzaldehyde- 

*N , N-Di ethyl-3-aminophenol- 

*N,N-Dietliylaniline 

Diethylbenzene -__-- 

N, N_Diethylcyclohexylamine 

N.N-Diethylmetanilio acid 

N^,N^_Dlethyl-4-jiiethoxyiDetanilamlde _______ _. 

NjN-Diethyl-l-naphthylamlne 

N,N-Diethyl-p-nitrosoaniline ____■________ — 

N,N-Diethyl-p-phenylenedi amine _____ 

Diethylstilbestrol, dimethyl ether 

5-Diethylsulfaiicrl-p_acetanisidlde 

2-C3-[ 5-(N.N-Dlethylsulfaiiiyl)-o-anisyl] -l-ethyldi_ 
azoamlno)-5-sulfoben2oic acid, 

Diethylterephthaloyl diacetate 

N , N_Di ethyl -m-toluidine- 



N-(2,2-Difluoroethyl)aniline 

2- ( N_2, 2-Dif luoroethylanilino ) ethanol 

2, 3-DihydropyTan 

1,5 (and 1,8)-Dihydroxyanthraquinone- 



'l,5-Ditjydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedlsulfonic acid (Chrcano- 

tropic acid). 
■ijS-Dihydroxy-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Dioxy S acld)- 

4, 6-Dthydroxy-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid ~ — ——- 

*6, 7-Dihydroxy-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid — 
3,5_Dihydroxy-2-naphthoic aold- 



»16, 17-Dihydroxyviolanthr one ( Dihydr oxydibenzanthrone ) - 

Diisobutyl-o-cresol , . ... -_— 

2,5_Dijiiethoxyacetophenone —————— 

2, 5-Dimethoxyaniline- - — 

ro-Dimethoxybenzene— — — — - — — ■ ■ — _— — — 

p-Dlmethoxybenzene- 



*3, 3 '-Dinethoxybenzidine _____________ — _______ 

2,'i-Dlmethoxybenzoic acid-_ — 

2, 5-Dimethoxybenzoic acid — ■■- ■ ■- — 

l,l'-(3,3'-Dimethoxy-4,'i'-biphenylene)bis[3-glycyl_3- 

methyltriazene] . 
2,2'-[3,3'-(3,3'-Dlmethoxy-4,'i'-blphenylene)]bl3_ 

[l-methyldiazoaminol di(ethanesulf onic acid) . 
1 , 1 ' - ( 3 , 3' -Dimethoxy-<i, -i' -biphenylene )bis[ 3-methyl-3- 

( 2-sulf oethyl)triazene ] . 
4, <4'_Dijiiethoxy-6, 6 '-bis [benzo-1, 3-thlaza_2-thlonlum 

chloride] . 

1 , 4-Diinethoxy-2-nitrobenzene — — -■ ■ — 

16 , 17-Dlmethoxy violanthrone 

p-Dimethylaminobenzaldehyde--— — — 

o- ( Dimethylaminomethyl ) -p-butylphenol 

o- ( Dimethylaminomethyl ) -p-ootylphenol 

o- ( Dine thy lajnlnomethyl )phenol- 



N, N-Dtmethyl-7-amlno-l-naphthol-3-sulf oDlo acid 

N_ (p_Dimethylajiilnophenyl ) -1 , '♦-naphthoquinone Imlne- 

N,N_Dimethylanlline ■ 

N, N_Dljnethylbenzylamlne' 



159, 197, 236, 245, 333, 338, 391, 448. 

333, 376, 434, 495, 550, 563, X. 

397. 

559. 

397. 

333. 

315. 

550. 

483, 550. 

333, 550. 

333. 

245, 333, 460, 527, 550, 576. 

245, 448, 456. 

550. 



550. 
527. 

559, 569. 
464, 495, 550, 559, 569. 



338, 550. 



550. 

464, 550. 
333, 376, 464, 527. 
448. 



559. 

208. 

77, 

365 

527 

294 

397 

338 

397 

333 

397 

245 

527 

333 

76, 

323 

333. 

333. 

550. 

333. 

550. 

527. 

442. 

550. 

550. 



550. 
333. 
483. 
483. 
333. 
333. 
333, 424, 527. 



«2, 2 '-Dimethyl -1,1' -bianthraqulnone- 



495 
550 
133 
333 
294 
493 
431 
333 
333 

333 
464. 
431. 
333. 

550. 



527, 550, 576. 

461, 527, 540, 550, 599. 

376, 550. 

333, 365, 366, 456, 527, 550, 552. 



550. 
X. 
333, 431. 
434, 495. 



483. 
591. 



333, 376, 464, 527. 
366, 464, 527, 550. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



TARLE 7B.- -Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , J95J- -Continued 



Dime thyl-l,3-oyolohexanedl one 

2',7'-Dlmethylfluoran 

2 , 7-Dimethyl-N-glyoeryltetrahydroqulnoline 

5 , 5-Dimethylhydantoin 

2 , 8-Dimethyl-13^-hydroxy-9 ( 13 ^) -ceroxenone 

2 , 3-Dimethyllndole 

Dlmethylnaphthalene 

N , N-Dlmethyl-1-naphthylaiDine 

N,N-Dlmethyl-p-nitrosoanlllne 

N,N-Dimethyl-3-nitro-p-toluenesulfonanilde 

N,N-Dimethyl-p-phenylenediainlne and salts 

2_[3-(5-DiiDethylsulfainyl-o-tolyl)-l-methyldlazoainino]-5- 
sulfobenzolc acid. 

N,N-Dimethylsulfaiillic acid 

2,7-Dimethyltetrahydroquinollne ~ — 

N , N-Dtraethyl-p-toluidine 

2,4-Dinitroaoetanilide 

2 , 4-Dinitroaniline 

p_(2,4-Dinitroanilino)phenol 

2,'i-Dinitroanlsole 

1 , 5 ( and 1,8) -Dinitroanthraquinone 

N , N ' - ( 2 , i-Dinitroanthraqulnone ) -1 , 5-dioxainio acid 

3,3'-Dlnitrot)enzanillde 

ij'i'-Dinitrobenzanllide 

m-Dlnitrobenzene- — - — —- 

2 , "i-Dinitrobenzenesulf onlo acid 

3, 5-Dlnitrobenzoic acid 

Dinitro(3,3'-bi-7-benz [d^ anthraoen)-7,7'-dione 

<i,5-Dinltrochrysazin 

4,5-Dlnitrochrysazln-2,7-disulfonic acid, disodium salt — 

1, 5 ( and 1, 8 )-Dinitronaphthalene 

2,'4-Dinltrophenol, tech 

N , N ' -Di ( p-nitrophenyl ) oxamide 

p-Dinitrosobenzene~— — -~~ 

*A-, W -Dinitro-2, 2' -stllbenedisulf onic acid 

2 , A-Dinitrotoluene 

Dinitrotoluenes , mixed 

3, 5-Dinitro-p-toluenesulf onic acid 

Dipentene (Limonene ) 

1 , 5-Diphenoxyanthr aquinone 

1 , S-Diphenoxyanthr aquinone—— 

Diphenylaoetio acid 

Diphenylaoetonitrile 

Diphenylamine 

8-Diphenylamino-l,6-naphthalenedisulfonio acid (Dlphenyl 
epsilon acid) . 

6, 8-Diphenylainino-l-naphthalenesulf onic acid 

Ij-i-Dlphenyl-lj-i-butanedione 

sym-N,N'-Diphenylethylenediainine 

Diphenylolpropane-- — ™ -— 

1 J 3-Diphenyltriazine 

Dithiodibenzoio acid 

*1 , 4-Di ( p- 1 olui dino ) anthraquinone 

1 , 5-Di ( p-t oluidino ) anthraquinone 

Divinylbenzene ■ 

•Dodecylbenzene (includes keryl-type benzenes) 

6-Ethoxy-2-mercaptobenzothiazole — — -— .— — ■ — ■ ■ 

3(and A)-Ethoxy-4.(and 3)-methoxybenzaldehyde 

2-Ethoxynaphtlialene 

6-Ethoxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

2-Ethoxy-l-naphthylamine 

2-Ethoxy-l-nltronaphthalene 

6-Ethoxy-5-nitro-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

3-Ethylajiiino-p-cresol 

3-Ethylamino-p-toluenesulf onic acid [SO3H =l] 

o-Ethylaniline 

N-Ethylaniline: 

Crude 

Refined 

»2-(N-Etliylanilino)ethanol 

■Ha-(N-Ethylanilino)-p-tolueneBulfonic acid 

N-Ethyl-p-anisidine 

Ethylbenzene 

N-Ethyldibenzylamine 

N-Ethyldlbenzylamine diacetate 

2-[l-Ethyl-3-(2-methoxy-5-nitrophenyl)diazoaiiilno}- 
S-sulfobenzoio acid. 

N-Ethyl-l-naphthylamlne 

N-Ethyl-N-l-naphthyl-o-nitrobenzamide 

l-Ethyl-<i-nitrobenzene 

N-Ethyl-N-phenylbenzylamine ( N , N-Ethylbenzylaniline ) 

Ethylphenylmalonio acid, diethyl ester - 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



A83. 






168. 






<183. 






333. 






168. 






333. 






372. 






498. 






133, 464, 527, 


550. 




550. 






527. 






550. 






550. 






483. 






498. 






550. 






245, 464, 550. 






527, 550. 






460. 






333. 






495. 






495. 






550. 






333, 527. 






495, 550. 






333, 498. 






333. 






333, 550. 






333. 






550. 






333, 527. 




/ 


569. 






591. 






294, 333, 495, 


527, 


550. 


333, 527. 






527. 






550. 






285. 






333. 






333. 






266, 343. 






132. 






245, 333, 448, 


527. 




495. 






527, 550. 






527. 






333. 






493. 






333, 527. 






301. 






333, 365, 495, 


527, 


550. 


365. 






323, 448. 






210, 245, 473, 


527, 


555, 560. 


333. 






245. 






333. 






559. 






333, 550. 






333. 






559. 






333. 






333. 






245. 






464. 






333, 464, 527 






333, 392, 483, 


495, 


550. 


333, 355, 376, 


464, 


495, 527, 550, 559 


483. 






62, 323, 392, 


448. 




520. 






520. 






550. 






76, 333. 






550. 






245. 






333. 376, 527 






231, 266, 343 


379 





70 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 7B. --Synthetic organic chemicals; Cyclic intermediates for which United States product i 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , i953- -Continued 



Manufacturers' Identification numbers 
(according to list In table 27) 



i 



3-Ethyl-4-picoline 

5-Ethyl-2-plooline (2-Methyl-5-ethylpyTidine) 

l-Ethylpiperidine 

a-(N-Ethyl-3-sulfoanilino)-p-toluenesulfonic acid- 

N-Ethyl-5-sulfoanthxanilic acid 

N-Ethyl-m-toluidine 

N-Ethyl-o-toluidine 

Fonnanllide 

o-Formotoluldide 



"i-Formyl-m-benzenedisulfonic acid 

m-Fonnylbenzenesulfonic acid— 

*o-Foniiylbenzenesulfonic acid 

5-Forrayl-6-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

Fur an ~ 

3-Glycyl-3-inethyl-l- ( 6-methoxy-m-tolyl ) triazene 

Hexachlorobenzene ~ 

Hexachlorocyclopentadiene 

Hexachlorodiphenyl oxide 

1, 6-Hexane diisocyanate ___ _ 

Homoveratric acid — 

Homoveratronltrile — . 

Homoveratroylhomoveratrylaniine (HVA) 

Homoveratrylamine — -— — — ~ — - 

Homoveratrylamine homoveratrate __— _ 

*p-Hydraainobenzenesulfonic acid — — — - 

"i-Hydrazino-m-toluenesulfonio acid — — 

Hydrazobenzene — - — — 

Hydroabietyl alcohol 

Hydr oqulnone , tech 

m-Hydroxyacetophenone 

o-Hydroxyacetophenone 

p-Hydroxyacetophenone 

3-Hydroxy-2-anthraceneoarboxyllo acid 

1-Hydroxyanthraquinone — — — _-_ ___ _ 

N- ( 3-Hydroxy-2-anthraquinonyl ) -l-nitro-2-anthraqulnone- 
carboxamlde. 

p-Hydroxybenzenearsonio acid—-- — - — — — — 

2-Hydroxy-ll-benzo-a-carbazole-3-carboxylic acid 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid — — 

p-Hydroxybenzoio acid, methyl ester 

2-Hydroxy-3-carbazolecarboxylic acid — 

2-Hydroxy-3-dibenzofuramarboxylic acid, potassium salt — 

N-( 2-Hydroxyethyl )phenylacetamide 

1-Hy dr oxy-i- ( a -hydroxy-m-t olui dino ) anthraqulnone 

3a-Hydroxy-12-keto-9,ll-cholenic acid 

3a-Hydroxy-12-methoxy-9,ll-cholenic acid, methyl ester 

3-Hydroxy-2'-methylnaphthanilide 

2-Hydroxy-l-naphthaldehyde 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphthanilide 

l-Hydroxy-2-naphtholc acid 

*3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid (B.O.N.) 



2-Hydroxy-l , 4-naphthoquinone 

2- ( 2-Hydr oxynaphthyl ) -3-thianaphthenol 

l-Hydroxy-i-nltroanthraqulnone- 



4-Hydroxy-3-nitro-l-benzenearsonlc acid- 

Hydroxynitrovlolanthrone 

2-Hydroxyphenetole - 



N- ( p-Hy dr oxyphenyl ) -2-naphthylamlne 

N-(^-Hydroxypropyl)-o-toluldine 

3-Hydroxy-5-sulfo-2-naphthoic acid 

1-Hydr oxy-^- ( p-t oluldino ) anthraqulnone- 

*1,1 -Imlno['»-aminoanthraquinone] 

1,1' -Iminobls[^-benzamidoanthraquinone ]- 
l,l'-Imlnobls[5-benzamldoanthraquinone] 

»6,6'-Iminobis l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid] — 
1,1 -Imlnobis[4-nltroanthraquinone] • 

*1, l' -Imlnodlanthraqulnone- 
2,2' -Iminodipyridlne- 



2,2 '-(l,3-Indandlone)qulnoline 



Indolineacetaldehyde (Fisher's aldehyde) 

Isatin 



Isocytosine (2-Amlno-4(3)-pyrlmldone)- 

Isonlcotinlo acid 

Isophorone - ———.■■-■ 

Isophthalio acid- 



4,'4'-Isopropylidenedlphenol 

I sopropyl phenol (o, m, p and separated Isomers)- 
Isoqulnoline 



7i, 


392. 










515. 












■^95. 












550. 












333, 


527. 










333, 


527. 










372. 












333. 












333. 












550. 












550. 












376, 


550, 559. 










550. 












333. 












338, 


475. 










333. 












594. 












338. 












m. 












333. 












245, 


442. 










4-i2. 












442. 












245, 


431, 4^2. 










431. 












330, 


355, 464, 


527, 


550, 


559. 




550. 












434. 












222. 












240, 


483. 










376. 












266, 


591. 










266, 


4^8. 










550. 












495, 


527. 










550. 












565. 












550. 












397, 


434. 










397, 


431. 










550. 












464. 












550. 












442. 












333. 












122. 












122. 












521. 












550. 












521, 


550. 










527, 


550. 










333, 


397, 434, 


483, 


486, 


521, 


527, 531, 550 


563, 578. 










527. 












495. 












495. 












565. 












464. 












245. 












550. 












483. 












333. 












365. 












294, 


333, 365, 


366, 


464, 


527, 


550, 552. 


464, 


552. 










333. 












294, 


333, 495, 


527, 


550, 


559, 


576. 


333, 


365, 552. 










333, 


365, 366, 


464, 


527, 


550, 


552. 


372. 












333. 












333. 












527. 












464. 












372, 


536, 550. 










392. 












550. 












77, 


448, 550. 










323. 












372. 













SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 

-Synthet ic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for whicti United States producti 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , 7953- -Continued 



71 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



Isoviolanthrone (Isodibenzanthrone) 

Lepidine — — — — _ 

»Leuco-l , "i-diamlnoanthraquinone 

*Leuoo quinizarin (IjAjgjlO-Anthratetrol) 

Leuoo tetrahydroxyanthraquinone — — — — -. 

2 , 3-Lutidine 

2,4-Lutidlne 

2,6-Lutidlne 

Melamine— -— ____ 

o-Mercaptobenzenesulfonic acid-- — 

i<Metanilic acid 

*o-Methoxyanilinomethanesulfonio acid, sodium salt 

2-(o-Methoxyanlllno)-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid— — - 

o-Methoxyanilino-p-sulfonlc acid — — — — — — — 

6-Methoxy-8- ( l-methyl-4-diethylaminobutylami»o ) qiiinoline- 

l-Methoxy-A-nitroanthraquinone 

4-Methoxy-6-nitrometanilic acid 

p-Methoxyphenol 

5-Methoxy-m-phenylenediamine 

[3-(6-Methoxy-m-tolyl)-l.-methyldiazoamino] acetic acid 

5-Methyl-o-acetanisidine 

1-Methylaminoanthraquinone 

l-Methylamino-<4-(p-toluidino)anthraquinone — 

N-Methylaniline ~ — _ — . 

2- ( N-Methylanilino ) ethanol 

;8-(N-Methylanillno)propionltrile — ~ — — — 

4-Methyl-m-anlsidine — — 

5-Methyl-o-anisldine ( Cresidine ) 

N-(5-Methyl-o-anisyl)benzenesulfonamide — — _- - 

N-Methylanthranilic acid 

2-Methylanthraquinone 

l-( 3-Methyl-2-anthraquinonylamino )-5-( 7-oxo-7H-benz- 

[ de] anthracen-3-ylamino ) anthraquinone . 
3-Methylbenzo[f]qulnoline-— — — -_— — — — - 

N-Metiiylcyolohexylamine — — — 

N-Methyleneanlline — 



3, 3'-Methylenebis [l-aminophenyl-2-phenylether] -3- 

trlazenemethylaoetlc acid. 
p,p'-Methylenebis[N,N-diethylaniline] (Methane base) — 

p,p'-Methylenebis[ N,N-dimethylanillne] 

p,p '-Methyl enebis[ N,N-dlmethyl-2-nitroaniline] 

4,^ -Methylenebis E3-hydroxy-2-naphthoio acid], sodium 

salt. 

5,5 '-Methylenebis [toluene-2,<i-diamlne] 

p,p '-Me thylenedi aniline 

Methylenedi-p-phenylene isocyanate (4-,4-'-Methylenedi- 

phenyl isocyanate) . 
2-Methyleneindoline- 

1-Methylnaphthalene 

l(and 2)-Methylnaphthalene 

2-Methylnaphthalene 

Methylnaphthalene, crude 

N-Methyl-p-nltroacetanilide — 

N-Methyl-p-nitroanlline 

5-Methyl-4-nitro-o-anisidine — 
i-MetJ^l-o-nitroanisole- 



*2-Methyl-l-nitroanthraquinone 

^Methyl-m-phenylene diisoeyanate (Toluene-2,^-dilso- 
oyanate,). 

*3-Methyl-l-phenyl-5-pyrazolone (Developer Z) 

Methylplperazine- 



Methylpropyloarblnylbarbituric acid 

<4-( 3-Methyl-5-pyrazolone )-m-toluenesulf onic aoid- 
1-Methylpyrrole- 



l-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone- 
a-Methylstyrene- 



3-Methyl-l-(m-8Ulfamidophenyl)-5-pyrazolone- 

N-Methyl-5-sulfoanthranilio acid 

o-Methylsulfonyl-p-nltroaniline- 



3-Methyl-l-(m-sulf ophenyl ) -5-pyrazolone- 
*3-Methyl-l-(p-sulfophenyl)-5-pyrazolone- 
Methyl-2-thlenyl ketone- 



3-Methyl-6-(p-toluidino )-7-dibenz[ f , i j] isoqulnollne- 
2,7(3)-dione. 

(l-Methyl-3-p-tolyldlazoamlno)acetlc acid 

1-Naphthaldehyde 



365, 366, 550. 

365, 366, 434, 464, 483, 550, 563. 

424, 495, 527, 576. 

550. 

372, 536. 

464. 

333, 464, 495, 527, 550. 

333, 527, 559. 

550. 



333, 

372. 

333, 

333, 

365, 

372. 

323, 

372. 

245, 

442. 

294, 

294, 

495, 

569. 

333, 

333. 

379. 

333. 

333. 

74. 

460, 

550. 

559. 

333, 

550. 

333. 

550. 

333. 

550. 

333, 

559. 

576. 

464, 

333. 



550. 

133, 498. 
443, A48. 
333. 
333. 
559. 

464, 495. 

333, 376, 495, 527. 

550. 

379. 

527. 
550. 
245, 333. 



333. 
372. 
372. 
372. 
311, 
550. 
550. 
559. 
333. 
333, 
245, 



365, 366, 527, 550. 
333. 



294, 333', 379, 448, 495, 526, 559. 

565. 

442. 

495. 

X. 

550. 

448. 

495. 

550. 

483. 

559. 

294, 333, 464, 495, 550, 559, 569, 576. 

132. 

550. 

550. 
597. 



72 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

TABLE 7B Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States production or sales 

were reported, identified by manufacturer , J95J--GMitinued 



♦Naphthalene, solidifying at 79° C, or above (re- 
fined flake):. 
*From Ajneridan crude naphthalene- 
*Froin imported crude naphthalene- 



l-Naphthaleneacetonitrile 

1 , <4-Naphthalenediol 

*1 , 5-Naphthalenediol 

2, 3-Naphthalenediol 



*1, 5-Naphthalenedisulf onic acid 

1,5-Naphthalenedisulfonic acid, sodium salt 

2,6-Naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

2, 7-Naphthalenedisulf onio acid 

1-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

2-NaphthalenesulfoniG acid 

2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

2-Naphthalenesulfonyl chloride 

1,3,6-Naphthalenetrisulfonio acid 

Naphthalic anhydride 

Naphthalimide — 

Naphthionic acid 

*Naphthionic acid, sodium salt — — — 

»l-Naphthol C"^ -Naphthol ) 

2-Naphthol, tech. (^ -Naphthol )- 



l-Naphthol-3, 6-disulf onic acid 

l-Naphthol-3, 8-disulf onic acid 

»2-Naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid (R acid) 

*2-Naphthol-3, 6-disulf onio acid, disodium salt 

»2-Naphthol-6, 8-disulf onic acid (G acid) 

2-Naphthol-6, 8-disulf onic acid, disodium salt 

2-Naphthol-6-sulfonamide 

2-Naphthol-6-sulfonaraide, p-toluenesulfonate 

»l-Naphthol-4-sulfonic acid (Nevile & Winther's acid) 

*l-Naphthol-5-sulfonic acid and sodium salt 

l-Naphthol-8-sulfonic acid 

»2-Naphthol-6-sulfonic acid (Schaeffer's acid) 

2-Naphthol-6-sulfonic acid, sodium salt 

2-Naphthol-6-sulfonic acid, p-toluenesulfonate, sodium 
salt. 

2-Naphthol-7-sulfonic acid and sodium salt 

2-Naphthol-8-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthol-3, 6, 8-trisulf onic acid 

1 , 4-Naphthoquinone ~ 

Naphthostyril 

1 , 8-Naphthosultone — 

*Naphth[l,2] oxadiazole-5-sulfonic acid — ~ 

Naphth[l,2] oxadlazole-6-sulfonic acid 

1-Naphthylamine (a -Naphthylamine ) — 

2-Naphthylamine (^-Naphthylamine) 

l-(2-Naphthylamino)-2-anthraquinonecarboxylio acid 

1-Naphthyl isocyanate 

2-Naphthyl isocyanate 

*2-Naphthylmercaptoacetic acid 

Nicotinic acid, n-butyl ester — — -— 

Nicotinic acid, methyl ester — 

Nicot inonitrile ( 3-Cyanopyridine ) — 

p-Nitroacetanilide 

2-Nitro-p-aoetanisidide 

<+-Nitro-o-acetanisidide — 

<i(and 5)-Nitro-o-acetanisidide 

m-Nitroacetophenone — 

5-Nltro-o-acetotoluidide — — _ — 

*m-Nitroaniline 

o-Nitroaniline 

p-Nitroaniline 

6-(3-Nitroanisamidc)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid — — 

3-Nitroanisic acid ~ 

*2-Nitr o-p-ani sidine [ NHa =l] 

3-Nitro-o-anisidine [ NH2=l] 

»4-Nitro-o-anisidine [ NH2=l] 

»5-Nltro-o-anisidine [ NHa^l] 

o-Nitroanisole 

p-Nltroanisole — ~ — 

3-Nitro-p-anisoyl chloride [CH3OI] 

4-Nitroanthranilic acid - 

l-Nitro-2-anthraquinonecarbonyl chloride—- 

*l-Nitro-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid 

l-Nltro-2-anthraqulnonecarboxylio acid, hydrazide — 

5-Nltro-l-anthraquinonesulfonio aoid- 



*5(and 8)-Nitro-l-anthraquinonesulfonic acid 

8-Nitro-l-anthraquinonesulfonic acid — — 

2-(l'-Nltro-2'-anthraqulnonyl)anthr[2,3joxazole-5,10- 
dione. 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



323 


333, 


372, 


464, 


521, 52 


6. 


179 


323, 


464, 


521, 


536. 




597 












527 












483 


527, 


550, 


578. 






550 












333 


495, 


527, 


550. 






333 


483. 










495 












333 


495, 


527. 








495 












527 


591. 










464 


495. 










333 


550. 










550 












550 












550 












333 


464. 










333 


376, 


495, 


527. 






333 


495, 


527, 


550. 






376 


464, 


521, 


572. 






527 












333 












333 


495, 


527. 








355 


464, 


550. 








333 


495, 


527, 


550. 






464 












333 












333 












333 


495, 


527. 








333 


495, 


527, 


550. 






550 


559, 


569. 








333 


464, 


495, 


527. 






355 


521. 










333 












333 


521. 










495 












333 












527 












333 


527. 










294 


464, 


495. 








294 


333, 


495, 


527, 


550, 576. 


550 












333 


527, 


550, 


591. 






333 


527. 










527 












245 


333, 


498. 








498 












333 


495, 


527, 


550, 


559. 




205 












562 












205 












495 












333 


550. 










376 












550 












376 












333 












333 


460, 


464, 


495, 


527. 




245 


333, 


576. 








245 


333, 


527, 


576. 






333 












333 












376 


527, 


550, 


552. 






527 












333 


376, 


■464, 


527, 


550, 552, 559 


333 


550', 


»2, 


559, 


576. 




245 


333. 










333 












333 












333 












333 












333 


527, 


550. 








333 












333 


527. 










366 


495, 


527. 








333 












550 













SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



73 



TABLE 7B.- -Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States product i 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1953--Continued 



Manufacturers' Identification numbers 
(according to list In table 27) 



m-Nitrobenzaldehyde 

*6-(m-Nitrobenzamido )-l-naphthol-3-sulf onic acid— 

*6-(p-Nltrobenzaiiiido )-l-naphthol-3-sulf onic acid 

»Nitrobenzene 

2-Nltro-p-benzenedisulfonio acid 

*m-Nitrob ?rizenesulf onic acid 

p-Nltrobenzenesulfonic acid 

A'-Nitro-o-benzenesulfonotoluidide- 

p-Nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

5-Nitro-2(3) -benzimidazolone- 



*m-Nitrobenzoic acid 

»p-Nitrobenzoio acid 

p-Nltrobenzoio acid, ethyl ester 

p-Nltrobenzoic acid, isobutyl ester 

p-Nitrobenzoic acid, n-propyl ester- ~ 

6-Nitro-2(3)-benzoxazolone 

m-Nitrobenzoyl chloride — — 

p-Nitrobenzoyl chloride 

m-Nitrobenzyl alcohol 

2-Nitrobiphenyl 

4-Nitrobiphenyl- 



4-Nitrobiphenyl-4-'-oarboxylic acid and sodium salt 

Nltrodiphenylamine 

m-Nitroformanillde— ~- 

1-Nitronaphthalene — — — --- — _— — — ■__ 

3-Nltro-l, 5-naphthalenedisulf onic acid 

8-Nitro-l-naphthalenesulfonlc acid--—- — — — - 

8(and 5)-Nitro-l(and 2)-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

7(and 8)-Nitronaphth[l,:^ oxadiazole-5-sulfonic acid — 

p-Nitrooxanilic acid — 

p-Nltrophenetole 

p-Nitrophenol and sodium salt 

2-Nitro-l-phenol-4, 6-disulf onic acid 

2-Nltro-l-phenol-4-sulfonainide- 



p-(p-Nltrophenyl)acetophenone 

4-Nitro-o-phenylenediamine 

2-Nitrophenyl ether 

p-Nitrophenylhydrazlne— — ~ — 

p-Nitrophenyl isocyanate- 



p-(p-Nitrophenylmercapto)aniline- 



l-(m-Nitrophenyl )-5-oxo-2-pyrazoline-3-oarbo]!ylic acid 

4-Nitrophthalamlde 

3(and 5)-NitrosaHoylic acid 

5-Nitrosalicylic aoid- 



4-Nltrosodiphenylainlne 

l-Nitroso-2-naphthol 

*p-Nitrosophenol- 



5- ( 4-Nitr o-2-sulf oanilino )-2 ( 3 ) -benzimidazolone 

m-Nitrotoluene ~ — __ — .._____ _-__ 

o-Nitrotoluene 

p-Nltrotoluene— — — — — _— 

Nitrotoluene mixtures- — — — — — _-- 

5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonanilide- 



3-Nitro-p-toluenesulfonio acid [SOjHsl] 

*5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonic acid- 



■i'-Nltro-p-toluenesulfono-o-toluidlde- 

5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonyl chloride 

*2-Nitro-p-toluldine [NH?=1] 

4-Nitro-o-toluidine [NH2=1] 

5-Nitro-o-toluidine [NH2=lj 

16-Nitroviolanthrone 

2-Nltro-p-xylene ~ 



4-Nitro-m-xylene 

ar-Nltro-o-xylene 

»Nitroxylenes, mixed 

Nonyl- and dodecylbenzenes, mixed 

*Nonylphenol- 



2- ( Nonylphenoxy ) ethanol- 
Octylphenol- 



6-0xo-6H-anthr[9,l]lsothiazole-3-carbonyl chloride- 
6-0xo-6H-anthr[9,liisothiazole-3-carboxylio aoid- 



l-(7-0xo-7H-benz [de] anthracen-3-ylamlno)anthraquinone 

1,1' -(7-0xo-7H-benz[de] anthraoen-3,9-ylenedilmino)- 

dianthraquinone . 

7-0xo-7H-benz[de] anthracen-3-ylsulfinylacetic acid 

5-0xo-l-phenyl-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid 

5-Oxo-l-phenyl-2-pyrazoline-3-oarboxylic acid, ethyl 

ester. 

313486 O - 54 - 6 



464. 
333, 
333, 
245, 
495. 
245, 
464. 
333. 
527. 
333. 
333, 
333, 
379, 
431. 
431. 
550. 
333, 
333, 
333. 
245. 
245. 
333, 
333, 
550. 
464. 
333. 
333, 
333, 
550. 
530. 
*95, 
333. 
333. 
333, 
245, 
295. 
550. 
333. 
133, 
559. 
498. 
245. 
333. 
333, 
333. 
550. 
569. 
550. 
498, 
333, 
333. 
333, 
333, 
333, 
527, 
550. 
294, 
333, 
559. 
350. 
333, 
333, 
333, 
464. 
333. 
333. 
333. 
333, 
210. 
321, 
550. 
493. 
333. 
333. 
333. 
333. 

333, 
495. 
550, 



495, 559, 569. 

550, 559, 569. 

333, 378, 464, 527, 550. 

294, 333, 495, 527, 550, 559, 576. 



338, 342. 
527, 550. 
431. 



338. 
338, 550. 



550. 
495. 



527, 550. 
495. 



460, 494. 
333, 460, 527. 



591. 
464, 

464, 
527, 
527, 
550. 

464, 
495, 



495, 527, 578. 

527. 
550. 
550. 



495, 550, 559, 576. 
527, 550. 



376, 464, 521, 563. 

464. 

376, 550, 559. 



464, 527. 
323, 493, 550. 



550. 
563. 



74 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 7B.- -Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States product i 
were reported , identified by manufacturer , I95J- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



5-0xo-l-(p-sulfophenyl)-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid 
(Pyrazolone T) . 

m-(n-Pentadecyl)phenol — _____ — _-_-_-. 

5-(n-Pentadeoyl)resorcinol — ~ — ■—- — — — — 

aj-ijgjlO-Perylenetetracarboxylic acid 

3, •i, 9 , 10_Perylenetetracarboxylic diimide 

Phenanthrene 

Phenethylamlne _ ~- 

o-Phenetidine — _-—___ _______ 

p-Phenetidine — ___________ — ___________ — _. 

*Phenol: 
♦Natural : 

From coal tar:^ 

U.S.P 

39° C, m.p 



All other 

From petroleum: 

U.S.P 

Other 



♦Synthetic: 

By caustic fusion: 

U.S.P 

39° C, m.p 



From chlorobenzene by liquid-phase hydrolysis: U.S.P- 

From chlorobenzene by vapor-phase hydrolysis: U.S.P — 

l_Phenol-2(and 4)-sulfonic acid 

Phenolsulfonic acid, ammonium salt — 

Phenolsulfonic acid, sodium salt _~ — ~ 

Phenoxathin _____ — 

o_Phenoxyaniline 

»Phenylaoetic acid (a-Toluic acid) 

*Phenylaoetic acid, ethyl ester, all grades 

Phenylacetic acid, methyl ester, tech- — — _ 

*Phenylacetic acid, potassium salt 

Phenylacetic acid, sodium salt 

»Phenylacetonitrile (a-Tolunitrile) 

p-Phenylacetophenone_ 



2-Phenylanthr[ 2,3] oxazole_5 , 10-dione 

*p-Phenylazoaniline (p-Amlnoazobenzene) and hydrochloride- 

Phenyloyclohexane 

N, N '-p-Phenylenebisf acetamlde] 

2,2'_p_Phenylenebis[ 5-(l-nit^o-2-anth^aquinonyl)_l,3,4_ 
oxadlazole ] . 

*m-Phenylenedlamine 

*o-Phenylenedlamlne 

*p-Phenylenediamlne- 



Phenyl ether (Diphenyl oxide) 

*Phenylglyoine salts: 

Potassium salt -_—__ — ____ 

Sodium salt 

Phenylhydrazine- 



Phenyl-l,2_hydrazinedlsulfonio acid, disodium salt 

Phenylhydrazine hydrochloride 

*2 , 2 '_( Phenyl imino) dl ethanol 

Phenyl isocyanate- 



Phenylmalonic acid, diethyl ester_ 

o-Phenylphenol 

o-Phenylphenol, chlorinated 

o-Phenylphenol, sodium salt 

p-Phenylphenol- 



N-Phenyl-p_phenylenediamlne- 

Phenyl-2-propanone_ __— 

Phlorogluoinol 

Phthalic acid 

■'^hthalic anhydride- 



Phthallo anhydride residue 

Phthalijiiide 

Phthallmide, potassium salt 

Phthaloyl chloride (Phthalyl ohloride)- 
♦Picolines:^ 

2-Picoline (a-Picoline) 

3-Plcollne (/9-Plooline) 

<t-Plcollne (r-Ploollne) 

Picoline (3,4-mlxture) 

Plcramic acid and salt- 



Picric acid (Trinitrophenol) 

2_Plpeooline (a-Plpecoline) 

Piperidine 



559, 569, 576. 



339. 










339. 










550. 










550. 










372. 










338, 


343, 


520, 562, 582. 






2-^5, 


333. 








2-45, 


333, 


576. 






372. 










323, 


536. 








323, 


372, 


536. 






323, 


372, 


373, 536, 538. 






538. 










372, 


538. 








245, 


536, 


568. 






536. 










536. 










536. 










448. 










387, 


487. 








377. 










245, 


324. 








324. 










324. 










448. 










559 










229, 


245 


266, 343, 379, 


562, 582. 




266, 


343, 


379, 562, 565, 


582. 




343, 


562. 








245, 


266, 


343, 520, 562, 


582. 




266, 


582. 








245, 


266, 


343. 






550. 










550. 










333, 


464, 


495, 527, 550. 






245, 


498. 








464. 










333. 










11. 


333, 


4&4, 495, 527, 


550. 




133, 


515, 


550, 599. 






464, 


521. 








448. 










448. 










333, 


527. 








448, 


591. 








333. 










550, 


591. 








333, 


392, 


483, 495, 550. 






245, 


338. 








343, 


379. 








245, 


448. 








448. 










448. 










448. 










333, 


550. 








308, 


343. 








599. 










266, 


550. 








245, 


323, 


456, 464, 521, 


527, 536, 555, 568 


245, 


536. 








333, 


4X, 


448, 550. 






434. 










245. 










"!^, 


323, 


372, 464, 536. 






372. 










372, 


392. 








323, 


536. 








333, 


527. 








333, 


527. 








333. 










245, 


333, 


338. 







See footnote at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



75 



TABLE TB. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States product i 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , i953- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



3-(Plperidyl)-l,2-propanediol- 

a-Piperidylpropiophenone 

Poly-sec-amylphenol 

Polychlorobiphenyl- 
Polydodeoylbenzene- 



Polyethylbenzene (80^ Diethylbenzene)- 

*Primuline base 

Prlmulinesulfonic acid — 

♦Propiophenone 

*Pseudooumidine (Cmnldlne) 

Pyrazole anthrone yellow 

Pyridine (refined ) 

2-Pyridlnepropanol 

3-Pyrldol— 



2-Pyrrolidone — — — -. __ 

«<Julnaldine- 



ftulnaldlne yellow, base- 
*Quinlzarin 



2-Quinizarlnsulfonio acid 

Quinoline: 

Quinoline, 1° and 2° 

Other grades—— _____ 

2 , 4-Qulnolinediol 

Quinoline yellow, base — 

Quinolinic acid__— — _ 

Resorclnol, tech _— 

^Resorcyllc acid 

Salicylanilide— 



»Salioylic acid, teoh- 

Salicylideneaminoguanldine oleate 

Saligenin benzoate, calcium salt- 
Sodium phenolate- 



Styphnic acid, lead 3alt_ 

"Styrene (Vinylbenzene) 

A' -Sulf amoylaoetanllide — 

p-Sulfamylbenzoic acid 

Sulfanilamide 



Sulfanilic acid (p_Amlnobenzoic acid) and salt 

7_(p-Sulfoanilino)-l-naphthol_3_sulfonic acid, disodium 
salt. 

4-Sulfoanthranillc acid 

o-Sulfobenzoic anhydride 



4-Sulfo_o-benzoylbenzolc acid (Sulfo BB acid) 

p,p'-Sulf onyldiphenol ( 4-, 4' -Dthydroxydlphenylsulf one )- 

4_Sulfophthalic acid 

Terephthalic acid 

Terephthalic acid, dimethyl ester 

Terphenyl (Phenylbiphenyl) 



Tetrabromo_8, 16_pyranthrenedione- 
*l,4, 5, 8_Tetrachloroanthraqulnone- 
*l,2,4,5_Tetrachlorobenzene 

Tetrachloronitrobenzene- 



Tetrachlorophthalic anhydride- 

a, a,2,6_Tetrachlorotoluene 

Tetrahydrofuran- 



Tetraklsaminophthalooyanine, copper salt 

»l,4,5,8_Tetrakisri',l",l'",l""_aiithraquinonylamino]- 
anthraquinone (Pentaanthramide) . 

Tetrakisnitrophthalocyanine, copper salt 

2-(2-Thienylmethyl)aminopyridine 

3,3'-ThiobiE[7-benz[de]anthracen-7-one] 

p,p' -Thlodianiline- 



p,p'-Thiodianiline dihydrochloride- 

p,p'-Thlodianiline dlsulfate 

6,6'-Thiodijiietanllic acid 

Thiophene- 



Thiophene aldehyde 
*o-Tolidlne and salts- 



»Toluene-2,4-diamlne (4-m-Tolylenediamlne)- 

Toluene_2,5-diamine sulfonate 

o-Toluenesulfonamlde— i 

p-Toluenesulfonamide_ 



o(and p)-Toluenesulfonlc acid - 

o(and p)_Toluenesulfonic acid, sodium salt- 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid, ethyl ester 

p-Toluenesulfonio acid, isopropyl ester 

PTloluenesulfonio acid, methyl ester 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid monohydrate 

p-Tolueriesulfono-o-anlsidide. 



p-Toluenesulfono-o-toluidide -_ 

o-Toluenesulfonyl chloride 

See footnote at end of table. 



289. 




442. 




580. 




245. 




473. 




74, 323. 




333, 495, 527. 




114, 550. 




323, 431, 582. 




151, 376, 527. 




365, 550. 




74, 323, 372, 536. ^ 




372. 




205. 




550. 




323, 333, 372, 464, 527, 536. 




464. 




294, 320, 333, 365, 366, 424, 434, 


464, 483 


495., 527, 550, 563, 576. 




434, 563. 




323, 536. 




372, 498, 536. 




333. 




527, 550. 




495. 




323, 397. 




323. 




333. 




245, 376, 397, AAS. 




333. 




565. 




333. 




X. 




62, 245, 323, 392, 448. 




464. 




245. 




515. 




464, 495, 527. 




333. 




294, 495, 550. 




498. 




333. 




377, 550. 




434. 




333. 




153, 333. 




245. 




550. 




333, 365, 366, 527, 550. 




245, 338, 448. 




376. 




145. 




333. 




333. 




333. 




333, 365, 456, 527, 550. 




333. 




565. 




333, 365, 550. 




527. 




464. 




333. 




527. 




362. 




565. 




333, 495, 527. 




333, 464, 495, 527, 550. 




464. 




245. 




245. 




245, 377, 521. 




549. 




460, 493. 




333, 493. 




365, 460. 




377. 




559. 




333, 550, 559. 
245. 





76 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



-Synthetic organic chemicals 
were reported , 



Cyclic intermediates for which United States production 
identified by manufacturer , i95J--Continued 



p-Toluenesulfonyl chloride 

m-Toluidine 

o-Toluidine 

p-Toluidine 

Toluidines, mixed 

*6-p-Toluidinometanilic acid-- 

*m-Toluidinoiiiethanesulfonie acid 

*o-Toluidinoiiiethanesulfonie acid 

8-(p-Toluidino)-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

2-(p-Toluidino)-5-nitrobenzeiiesulfonic acid 

o-(p-Toluyl)benzoic acid 

»i_ ( o-Tolylazo ) -o-toluidine ( o-Aminoazotoluene )- 

N-(o-Tolyl)benzenesulfonaiiiide 

o-(p-Tolyl)benzoic acid 

2 , 2 '- (m-Tolyltmino ) diethanol 

2,4,-6-Tribroinophenol 

l,2,3(and 1,2,4) -Trichlorobenzene 

1,2, -i-Tri chlorobenzene ^^ 

Trichlorophenylsilane 

a, a, a_Trichlorotoluene ( Benzotri chloride ) 

a, 3, 4— Trichlorotoluene 

a, 2, 4 (and a- ,2,6) -Trichlorotoluene 

Triphenylmethyl isocyanate 

2,4,6-Triiiitrobenzoic acid- 



1,3, 5-Triphenylhexahydro- s-triazine 

2,4, 6-Tris ( diinethylaminoiiiethyl)pheiiol 

*6, 6'-Ureylenebis [l-naphthol-3-sulf onio acid] - 



Vanillic acid 

o-Vanillin ( 2-Hydroxy-3-metho3tybenzaldehyde ) 

Veratraldehyde ( 3 , 4-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde ) 

o-Veratraldehyde ( 2 , 3-Diraethoxybenzaldehyde ) 

Veratrole — _ — 



Veratryl alcohol 

5-Vinyl-2-picoline (MVP)- 

2-VinylpyTidine 

4-Vinylpyridine- 



l-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidone 

*Violanthrone (Dibenzanthrone)- 
Xenylamine (4-Biphenylainine)— 

m-Xylene 

o-Xylene 

o(and p)-Xylene - — 

p-Xylene- 



Xylenesulfonic acid 

Xylenesulfonic acid, sodium salt- 

Xylenol crystals 

Xylenols: 

Low b.p —_—.«—— 

Medium b .p — __________ 

Not classified as to b.p 

»Xylidines: 

2,3-Xylidine (o-Xylidine) 

2,4-Xylidine Cm-4-Xylidine) 

2,5-Xylldlne (p-Xylidine) 

3,4-Xylidine- 

Xylidines, mixed: 

"Original mixture 

Xylidine (ortho, para) — . — 

2,4-Xylidine acetate 

2,5_Xylidine hydrochloride 

4_ ( 2 , 4-Xylylazo ) -o-toluidine 

4-(2,4-Xylylazo)-2,5-xylidine 

4-(3,5-Xylylazo)-3,5-xylidine 

All other intermediates 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



333, 550. 
527, 550, 576. 
527. 

495, 527. 
569. 
569. 
527. 

464. 

495, 527, 550. 



483, 495. 



448, 594. 
338. 



294, 333, 464, 495, 527, 550, 559, 569, 



442. 
431. 



333, 365, 366, 456, 464, 550, 576. 



441, 443, 555. 

549. 

549. 



527, 550. 
527, 576. 



464, 527. 
464. 



527. 
576. 



^Does not include manufacturers' identification numbers for producers who report to the Coal Economics 
Division, U. S. Bureau of Mines. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 
Dyes 



77 



TABLE 8B. -Synthetic 



rganic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States product! 
reported, identified by manufacturer , 1953 



yes for which separate statistics are given in table 8A are marked below with an asterisk (») ; dyes not 
so marked do not appear in table 8A because the reported data are confidential and may not be published. 
Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from table 27. An X signifies that the manu- 
facturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number with the designated product] 



Dye 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER 
Nitroso Dyes 

Naphthol green B 

/Vitro Dyes 

Naphthol yellow S 

Amido yellow E 

Azo Dyes 

Monoazo Dyes 



Spirit yellow G- 
Acid yellow G 

*Spirit yellow R- 

»Oil yellow- 



»Chrysoidine Y 

*Chrysoidine R 

*Sudan I 

Croceine orange G 

Orange G 

Chromotrope 2R 

Fast acid fuchsine B 

»Amido naphthol red G 

Brilliant sulphon red — 

*Ghrome yellow 2G 

»Chrome yellow R 

Fast red GG salt 

Azo alizarin yellow GP- 
»Victoria violet ^BS 

Chromotrope 6B 

»Amido naphthol red 6B — 
»Fast scarlet G base 

Fast scarlet G salt 

Fast red GL base 

«Fast red GL salt 

Sudan II 

»Ponceau R 

Double ponceau 

»Fast red B 



Chromotrope lOB 

»Chrome brown R 

Chrome green 2G 

Chromate brown B 

Acid chrome brown R — 

Chrome flavine G 

»Azo eosine G 

»Fast red B base 

Fast red B salt 

»Fast scarlet R base — 
Fast scarlet R salt — 

Eos amine G 

Chrome yellow 5G 

Direct pink 2GN 

Direct pink 

Direct fast pink EBN- 

»Metanil yellow 

Methyl orange 

»Azoflavine RS 

Azo yellow 

Resorcin yellow 

i<Orange II 

*Orange R 

Pigment rubine B 

Lake red C 



Acid chrome brown B — 
Acid chrome garnet R- 
Acid chrome violet N- 

Chrome black PV 

Naphthylamine brown — 

»Fast red A 

*Azo rubine 



550. 



464 

A(A. 

12, 

12, 

464, 

464, 

12, 

495, 

333, 

527. 

411, 

333, 

411, 

464, 

464, 

550, 

527, 

333, 

527. 

294, 

333, 

576. 

333. 

376, 

12, 

333, 

550. 

464, 

333. 

11, 

550. 

11. 

11, 

11, 

294, 

333, 

376. 

333, 

576. 

333. 

495. 

333. 

527, 

333. 

333, 

333, 

495, 

527, 

527. 

411, 

333, 

333. 

464. 

527. 

495, 

11, 

527. 

550. 

333, 

333, 



550. 

333, 
333, 

527, 

527. 
333, 

527. 

376, 

527. 
376, 
527. 
495, 
495, 
576. 
576. 
464, 

333, 
376, 



464, 

464, 

550, 

550, 

464, 

464, 



527, 550, 576. 
527, 550, 576. 



495, 527, 550, 576. 
495, 527, 550. 



455, 464, 495, 527, 550, 559, 576. 



550, 
550, 



576. 
576. 



495, 550, 527. 



455, 464, 495, 527, 550, 576. 
464, 550, 559, 576. 



527, 550, 552, 559, 576, 583. 
464, 527, 550. 
464, 495, 527, 550. 

495, 527, 550. 

333, 495, 527, 550. 



333. 

550. 
333, 
527, 



495, 
550, 



550. 

552, 559, 576. 



376, 464, 527, 550, 559, 569, 576, 583. 



376, 
376. 
550, 
576. 

464, 
464, 



495, 
527. 



527, 
495, 



464, 
376, 



550. 
527. 



495, 
495, 



527, 550. 
576. 

527, 550. 



527, 550. 
527, 550. 



78 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE SB---Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States product ion or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 7953- -Continued 



Colour 
Index or 

Proto- 
type No. 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NU>BER~Conti 



Azo Dyes — Continued 

Monoazo Dyes — Continued 



180 
183 
18A 
185 
195 
197 
201 
202 
203 
20A 
208 
209 
216 
219 
225 



234 
235 
238 
246 
247 
252 
253 
258 
262 
267 
274 
275 
278 



289 

292 

294 

299 

302 

304 

306 

307 

308 

316 

317 

318 

319 

324a 

325 

326 

327 

331 

332 

343 

346 

349 

353 

364 

365 

370 

375 

376 

377 

382 

385 

387 

393 

394 

395 

400 

401 

403 

405 

406 

411 



»Fast red VR 

Croceine scarlet 3BX- 

Amaranth 

*Cochineal red A 

Mordant yellow 

Chrome yellow RN 

Chrome blue black B — 
«Chrome blue black R — 

«Chrome black T 

•»Chrome black A 

Fast acid blue R 

Fast acid blue B 

*Acid chrome red B 

^Chrome flavine A 

Direct pink 2B 



*Resorcin brown 

»Resorcin dark brown — 

Chrome brown G 

»Acid black lOB 

»Azo dark green A 

*Brilliant croceine M- 

Ponceau SS ex 

Sudan IV 

Cloth red B 

Neutral gray G 

^Milling orange 

«Cloth scarlet G 

•Direct fast red 8BL — 



•Scarlet EC 

•Fast acid cyanine G 

•Fast acid cyanine 5R ex- 
Acid chrome verdone A 

Acid black B 

•Acid chrome black F 

Acid chrome green SS 

Fast acid black 2BN 

Fast acid black F 



•Fast acid cyanine black B- 

Naphthylajnine black D 

Developed blue NA 

Developed blue B- 



Naphthylamine black V 

•Direct fast heliotrope 

•Rbsanthrene 

Direct brilliant violet 

•Direct fast scarlet 

•Direct fast scarlet 4BA 

•Bismarck brown G 

•Bismarck brown R 

•Chrome fast yellow C 

•Direct fast yellow 5GL 

Direct fast yellow 4GL ex 

•Direct fast pink 2BL 

•Brilliant yellow 

•Chrysophenine G — — 

•Congo red 

•Congo Corinth _■_-_— 

Congo rubine 

Direct orange G 

•Direct scarlet B 

Direct violet 

•Direct violet B 

Benzo violet 

•Direct violet N 

Direct black RO 

Direct brilliant Bordeaux R- 
•Developed black BH 

Dlphenyl fast gray B 

Direct cyanine R 

•Direct blue 2B 

Cresotlne yellow G 



333, 


495, 


527, 


550. 


495. 








495, 


527. 






376, 


464, 


495, 


527, 550 


527, 


550. 






495, 


527, 


550. 




495, 


527, 


550. 




333, 


495, 


527, 


550. 


495, 


527, 


550. 




495, 


527, 


550. 




495, 


527, 


550. 




333, 


527, 


550. 




464, 


495, 


527, 


550. 


333, 


495, 


527, 


550. 


333. 









I 



333, 


411, 


464, 


495, 


527, 


550, 


559. 






333, 


376, 


411, 


464, 


495, 


527, 


550, 


576. 




333, 


527. 
















333, 


376, 


411, 


464, 


495, 


527, 


550, 


576. 




333, 


495, 


527. 














333, 


376, 


464, 


495, 


527, 


550. 








527. 


















12, 


333, 


527. 














495, 


527. 
















333. 


















464, 


495, 


550. 














411, 


464, 


495, 


576. 












268, 


294, 


333, 


411, 


455, 


464, 


495, 


523, 527, 


550, 559, 569, 576. 










495, 


527, 


550, 


576. 












495, 


527, 


550. 














333, 


527, 


550, 


569. 












527. 


















527. 


















333, 


495, 


527, 


550. 












464, 


550. 
















333, 


495, 


527, 


550. 












550. 


















333, 


527, 


550. 














550. 


















550, 


559, 


569. 














495, 


527, 


550. 














333. 


















333, 


495, 


527, 


559. 












333, 


527, 


559, 


569. 












576. 


















294, 


333, 


464, 


495, 


523, 


527, 


550, 


559, 569, 576 


268, 


333, 


464, 


495, 


550. 










333, 


464, 


495, 


527, 


550. 










333, 


464, 


495, 


527, 


550. 










333, 


464, 


527. 














333, 


455, 


464, 


523, 


527, 


550, 


569. 






294, 


455. 
















294, 


333, 


464, 


527, 


550, 


559. 








333, 


464, 


495, 


527, 


550. 










333, 


495, 


527, 


550. 












333, 


495, 


527. 














411, 


464, 


495, 


527, 


550, 


576. 








495, 


523. 
















527. 


















411, 


464, 


495, 


527, 


550, 


569, 


576. 






495. 


















333, 


495 


527, 


550. 












550. 


















333 


495, 


527, 


550, 


576. 










576. 


















527. 


















333 


411 


464, 


495, 


527, 


550, 


569. 






495. 


















527 


















333 


411 


464, 


495, 


527, 


550, 


569, 


576. 




495, 


527 

















SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



79 



TAnLE 8B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States producti 
reported, identified by manufacturer , 295J--Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER— Continued 
Azo Dyes--Contlnued 



Disazo Dyes — Continued 



»Direct orange R- 
*Direot fast red 



«Direct brown M 

Direct brown B 

*Polar red 

Acid chrome red 

Direct brilliant red 81 
Chrome fast yellow RD — 

«Milling red G 

Direct orange R 

»Benzopurpurine AB 

Direct blue 3R 

»Benzo new blue 5B 

Direct blue 4R 

Direct blue BX 

»Direct blue 3B 

Direct orange G 

»Acid anthracene red 3B- 

»Benzopurpurine lOB 

Fast blue B base 

»Fast blue B salt 

»Direct azurine G 

Direct brilliant blue G 

•»Direct blue RW 

Direct blue B 

Chicago blue B 

•Direct sky blue FF 



•Direct pure blue- 



Trisazo Dyes 



Direct fast blue FR — 
•Direct fast black FF- 
*Plutoform black 

Diazo blue black RS — 
•Direct brown BT 

Direct fast blue R 

Direct fast blue B 

•Direct black EW 

•Direct black RX 

•Direct green ET 

•Chloramine green B 

Direct steel blue G — 

•Direct green B 

•Direct green G 

Direct olive G 

•Direct brown 3G0 

•Congo brown G — ~ 



Tetrakisazo Dyes 



Direct brown G- 



Stilbe 



Dye 



•Direct yellow R 

•Chloramine orange G— ~ • 

•Stilbene yellow ~ 

Diphenyl oatechine G 

Diphenyl chrysoine G 

Pyrazolone Dye 

•Fast light yellow G 

•Xylene light yellow 

•Tartrazine 

•Polar yellow 

•Chrome red B — 

•Pyrazol orange- — — — - — -.— . 

Ketonimine Dye 

•Aur amine — . 



333, -^95, 527, 
29A, 320, 333, 

569, 576. 
333, 411, A55, 
-ill, 46A, <195. 
29-i, 333, 411, 
333. 
495. 

550, 559. 
464, 495, 550, 
527, 576. 
333, 495, 527. 
333. 

333, 411, 495, 
495, 527. 
495, 527, 550. 
333, 495, 527. 
495, 527, 576. 
464, 495, 527, 
333, 411, 495, 
333, 464, 576. 
320, 527, 550, 
333, 411, 495, 
333. 

294, 333, 495, 
333. 
495. 
294, 333, 411, 

569, 576. 
333, 495, 527, 



550. 

411, 455, 464, 495, 527, 550, 

464, 495, 523, 527, 550, 576. 

464, 495, 523, 527, 550, 559. 

559, 576. 

527, 550. 



550, 559, 569, 576. 
527. 

552, 559, 576, 583. 
527, 550, 569, 576. 

527, 550, 569, 576. 

464, 478, 495, 527, 550, 559, 
550. 



333, 576. 
333, 495, 
294, 495, 
333, 527. 
333, 411, 
495. 
495. 

333, 411, 
333, 411, 
333, 411, 
333, 411, 
333. 

333, 411, 
333, 411, 
550, 576. 
333, 411, 
333, 495, 



411, 550. 



527, 550, 569. 
527, 559, 576. 



495, 523, 527, 550, 576. 



464, 495, 527, 550, 569. 

464, 495, 527, 550. 

464, 495, 527, 550, 569, 576. 
495, 527, 550. 

464, 495, 527, 550, 576. 
495, 527. 

464, 495, 527, 550. 

523, 527, 550, 569. 



333, 464, 495, 527, 550. 
333, 464, 495, 527, 550. 
333, 464, 527, 550. 
527. 
495. 



333, 527, 550, 559. 

294, 333, 376, 464, 495, 527, 550, 559, 569. 

376, 455, 464, 495, 527, 550, 559, 569, 576. 

294, 495, 527, 550, 559. 

11, 294, 333, 464, 495, 527, 550, 559. 

455, 495, 523, 527, 550, 559, 569, 576. 



333, 464, 527. 



80 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

TABLE SB. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States producti 
reported, identified by manufacturer , i95J- -Continued 



or sales were 



I 



Colour 
Index or 

Proto- 
type -'o. 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



657 
658 
662 
663 
666 
667 
670 
671 
672 
673 
676 
677 
680 
681 
682 
683 
689 
692 
695 
696 
697 
698 
699 
704 
706 
707 
710 
714 
720 
722 
724 
728 
729 
735 
737 



748 
749 
749 
752 
758 
766 
766 
768 
768 
77i 
773 
778 
779 



788 
789 
793 
794 



800 
801 
802 



812 
813 
814 
815 
816 



833 
841 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOnR INDEX NUMBER— Continued 



TriphcnyUttha 



ndDipheny Inaphthy Ime thane Dye 



^Malachite green 

»Rhoduline blue 6G 

^Brilliant green 

Setooyanine 

*Aoid green B 

»Fast acid green B 

Acid light green- 



»Acid glauoine blue 

Xylene blue VS 

Xylene blue AS 

»Para fuchsine 

Magenta 

»Methyl viole i B and base 

<<Crystal violet 

»Ethyl violet 

Benzyl violet 

Spirit blue 2B 

Acid magenta 

Acid violet 4BN 



Fast acid violet lOB — 
Wool violet 

*Aoid violet 

Acid fast violet BG 

Alkali blue 

Methyl cotton blue 

^Soluble blue 



Brilliant slcy blue 5G 

Patent bl\ie A 



»Aeid chrome azurol B — 
»Acid chrome oyanine R- 

Aurine 

Victoria blue R 

"Victoria blue B 



"Naphthalene green V 

■"Wool green S 



Xanthe 



Dye 



Xylene red B 

Rhodamine B 20^ 

Rhodamine B cone . , lOC^ 

Rhodamine 6G cone . , 100^ 

Fast acid violet A2R 

■x-Fluoresoein- 



»Uranine (Fluorescein, alkali salt) 

Eosine G (Tetrabromofluorescein, alkali salt)- 

*Tetrabromofluoresoein 

Dinitrodibromofluorescein— 

Erythrosine bluish — • 

Phloxine B 

Rose bengals B 



Acridine orange NO 

Brilliant phosphine G- 

Phosphine 

Phosphine 2G 



Qumcline Dye 



Quinoline yellow, spirit-soluble 

<Quinoline yellow- 



Quinoline yellow KT 

Thiazole Dye 



»Pr imuline — 

Direct pure yellow M 

•Direct fast yellow 

Thioflavine T 



Direct brilliant flavine S- 



76, 


376, 


464, 527. 


76, 


333, 


376, 527, 550. 


76, 


333, 


376, 464, 527. 


333, 


527, 


550. 


333, 


376, 


464, 495, 527, 550, 559 


333, 


376, 


464, 527, 550, 559. 


550. 






376, 


464, 


527, 550, 559. 


527, 


550. 




527, 


550. 




464, 


519, 


531. 


464, 


519, 


521. 


76, 


333, 


464, 527, 531, 550. 


76, 


333, 


376, 527, 550. 


76, 


333, 


550. 


76. 






519. 






550. 






527. 






333, 


495. 




376, 


527. 




333, 


464, 


495, 550. 


333. 






519, 


531. 




550. 






464, 


519 


531, 550. 


550. 






464. 






333, 


495, 


527, 550, 576. 


333, 


495, 


527, 550, 559. 


333. 






76, 


276. 




76, 


333, 


376, 527, 550. 


333, 


376 


495, 527, 550. 


333, 


376, 


464, 550, 559. 


550. 






550. 






333, 


464 


527. 


333. 






2, 527. 




2, 376, 464, 519, 527, 537. 


376 


464 


519. 


464 


519 




369 


376 


464, 519. 


376. 






519 






376 


519 




464, 


51^^ 




333 


527 


550, 559. 


333 


559 




464 


495 


527. 


559 






464 


527 


550. 


333 


464 


527, 550. 


333 






333 


495 


527. 


333 






114 


333 


495, 527, 550. 


333 






114 







«Wool fast blue- 
♦Safranine 



495, 527, 550. 
333, 376, 527, 550. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 81 

TABLE SB. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes (or which United States production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, i 95 J- -Continued 



Dye 



DIES GROUPED BY COLOUH INDEX mMBER— -Continvied 

Azine Dyes — Continued 

Methylene violet 

Acid cyanine 

»Induline , spirit-soluble 

»Induline , water-soluble 

Nigrosine , spirit-solutle 

Nigrosine, water-soluble 

Aniline Black and Allied Dyes 

Diphenyl black base 

New fast gray 

Fur black 



Oxaz 



Dye 



Gallocyanine- 

New blue R 

Nile blue A — 



Thi 



Dye 



^Methylene blue 

Methylene green B 

Sulfur or Sulfide Dyes 

Derivatives of Carbazole 
Carbazole vat blue R 



Other Sulfur or Sulfide Dyes 



»Sulfur black— 

»Sulfur blue 

•Sulfin- brown — 
»Sulfur green — 
*Sulfur maroon- 
»Sulfur olive— 
»Sulfur yellow- 
All other 



•Alizarin VI 

•Alizarin red S- 



Alizarin brown- 
Alizarin SX 



»Acid alizarin blue SE — 
*Aoid alizarin blue B 

Anthracene blue SWGG 

Anthracene blue WR 

•Alizarin irisol R 

Alizarin astrol B 

Cyananthrol R- 



•Alizarin cyanine green- 



Acid anthraquinone violet 

•Anthraquinone blue black B 

•Acid anthraquinone sky blufl B- 

Anthraquinone blue SR 

Acid alizarin rubine 



Anthraquinone Vat Dyes 

•Anthraquinone vat golden orange G, I256- 

•Anthraquinone vat scarlet G, 16-2/35t 

•Anthraquinone vat dark blue BO, 25^ 

•Vat navy blue NTP- 



•Anthraquinone vat jade green, &fi 

•Anthraquinone vat green B and black B, 12-l/2)t- 

•Anthraquinone vat violet 2R, 12-l/2it 

Anthraquinone vat violet B, 25ffi 

Anthraquinone vat blue RS, lOjt — 

Anthraquinone vat blue 3G, lOJt 

Anthraquinone vat blue GCS, S-l/yfi 

•Anthraquinone vat blue GCD, 8-1/3^^ 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



527. 






550. 






^U 


527 


550. 


AM, 


527, 


550. 


A6A, 


527, 


550. 


A6A, 


527, 


550. 


A6A. 






K(A. 






464. 






424. 






464, 


527. 




550. 






76, 


464, 


527, 550 


464. 







250, 333. 



250, 333, 464, 527, 550. 

250, 333, 461, 464, 495, 527, 550. 

250, 333, 461, 464, 495, 527, 550, 587. 

250, 333, 461, 464, 527, 550. 

333, 464, 527, 550. 

250, 333, 461, 464, 527, 550, 578. 

250, 333, 461, 464, 495, 527, 550, 578. 

250, 333, 461, 527, 550, 578. 



464, 527, 576. 

365, 464, 527, 550, 576. 

424, 527. 

527. 

333, 464, 495, 527, 550. 

268, 294, 333, 464, 495, 527, 550. 

365. 

294, 527. 

333, 365, 424. 

333, 365, 550. 

333, 365. 

294, 333, 365, 424, 464, 467, 495, 527, 550, 

576. 
365, 527. 

365, 424, 464, 495, 527, 550, 576. 
333, 365, 527, 550. 
365. 
365, 550. 



333, 464, 527, 550. 

333, 464, 527, 550. 

114, 250, 268, 333, 365, 366, 464, 527, 576. 

333, 365, 366, 464, 550. 

68, 294, 333, 365, 366, 455, 456, 483, 527, 550, 

552, 576. 
114, 250, 268, 333, 366, 464, 527, 550. 
333, 365, 527, 550. 
333. 

333, 464, 527, 550. 
333. 

333, 527, 550. 
333, 464, 527, 550. 



82 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

TABLE S3. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States production 
reported , identified by manufacturer , i95J- -Continued 



sales were 



Coloiir 
Index or 

Proto- 
type No. 



Dye 



Manufacturers' Identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



1118 
1120 
1132 
1135 
1150 
1151 
1152 
1161 
1162 
1163 
1167 
1170 
1173 



1177 
1180 
1183 
1184 
1185 
1207 
1212 
1217 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER—Continued 
Anthraquinone Vat Dyes — Continued 



*Anthraquinone 

Anthraquinone 

Anthraquinone 

Anthraquinone 

»Anthraqulnone 

^Anthraquinone 

*Anthraquinone 

Anthraquinone 

Anthraquinone 

»Anthraquinone 

Anthraquinone 

Anthraquinone 

Anthraquinone 



vat yellow G, 12-l/25t 

vat brown B, 225t 

vat yellow GK, 12-1/2$ 

vat brilliant violet RK, 12-l/2$- 

vat olive R, 12-1/2$ 

vat brown R, 12-1/2^^ 

vat brown G, 12-1/2^- 



vat red violet RHN, 12-l/25t- 

vat red BN, ex., 12-1/2$ 

vat violet BN, 25$ 

vat olive G 

vat yellow R, 12-1/2$ 

vat blue 3G, 12-l/2$ 



Indigoid and Thioindigaid Dye 



*Indigo, synthetic, 20$ 

Indigotin lA 

Tribromindlgo RB, 20$ 

«Bromindigo blue 2BD, 16$- 

Indigo blue 6B 

Ciba pink B, 20$ 

»Vat red 3B, 20$ 

*Vat orange R, 10$ 



food, Drug, and Cosmetic Dyes 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Colors 



»Blue #1 

Blue #1, aluminum lake- 
»Blue #2 

Green #1 

Green #2 

Green #3 

*Orange # 1 

Orange #2 

<<Red # 1- 

»Red #2- 

»Red #3- 



Red #3, aluminum lake- 

»Red #A 

Red # 32 

Violet #1 

Yellow # 1 

Yellow #3 

»Yellow #4- 



»Yellow#5, #6 

Yellow #'5, aluminum lake- 



Drug and Cosmetic Colors 



Black # 1 

Blue #1 

Blue #A 

Blue #6, #9- 
Brown #1- 
Green Si- 



Green #5, #6, #7- 

Orange #3 

Orange #4- 
Orange #5- 



Orange #10, #11, #16 

Orange #15, #17 

Red #1, #2, #3, #30, #38 

Red #5 

Red # 6 

Red #7, #8, #10, #31, #35, #36 

Red #9, #12, #13, #3A 

»Red #11 

Red #17, #18, #28, #33, #37, #39 

»Red # 21 

Red #22 

Red #27 



250, 
333, 
333, 
333, 
29<i, 
333, 
333, 
333, 
527, 
333, 
250. 
lU, 
527, 



333, 
«6. 
527, 
527, 
333, 
366, 
366, 
527. 
550. 
365, 

333. 
550. 



527. 

576. 
550. 
365, 
A56, 
456, 



366, 456, 464, 527, 550, 552. 
464, 527, 550. 
464, 537. 



527, 550. 



Violet #1 

Yellow #1, #10- 



333, 448, 527, 550. 

333, 527. 

333, 448, 527. 

68, 448, 527, 550. 

68, 527, 550. 

448, 550. 

68, 333, 464, 527, 550. 

68, 333, 464, 550, 576. 



87, 151, 355, 376, 527. 

87. 

87, 151, 330, 527. 

151, 355, 527. 

151, 355, 527. 

355. 

87, 151, 330, 376, 527. 

376, 464, 527. 

87, 151, 376, 527. 

87, 151, 330, 355, 376, 527. 

87, 151, 330, 527. 

87. 

87, 330, 355, 376, 527. 

464, 527. 

527. 

87. 

87, 464, 472, 527. 

87, 464, 472, 527. 

87, 151, 330, 355, 376, 527. 

87. 



464, 

87. 

527. 

87, 

527. 

87. 

527. 

87, 

87, 

87, 

527. 

87, 

87. 

376. 

87, 

87, 

87, 

87, 

527. 

87, 

87, 

376, 

277. 

87, 

87, 



527. 
527. 



527. 

527, 537. 
277, 376. 



527, 537. 
537. 

277, 537. 

277, 537. 

277, 527, 537. 

277, 369, 376, 464, 519, 537. 
464, 527. 

527. 
527. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 

TABLE 8B. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dytfs for which United States producti 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1953 --Continued 



83 



Colour 
Index or 

Proto- 
type No. 



Dye 



DYES GiROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER—Continued 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Dyes— Continued 

Drug and Cosmetic Colors — Continued 



Yellow #5 

Yellow # 6 

Yellow #7, #8 

Yellow #11 



Drug and Cosmetic Dyes, External 



Blue #1— 
Green #1- 
Orange #1- 



Red #1, #10, #11- 

Red #8, #13 

Violet #2 

Yellow #1, #3 

Yellow #5 , — 



DYES GROUPED BY PROTOTYPE NUMBER 



«Acid alizarin flavine R — 
Acid anthracene brown B — 

*Acid anthracene brown PG- 
Acid chrome blue 2R 

•Algol yellow GC— 



Alizarin direct blue A2G- 
Alizarin direct blue AR — 

•Alizarin supra blue A 

Alkali fast green lOG- 



*Anthracene chromate brown EB- 

Artifioial silk black G 

*Benzo Bordeaux 6B 



*Benzo chrome black blue B- 

Benzo copper blue B 

♦Benzo fast black L 

*Benzo fast blue 4GL 

Benzo fast blue 8GL 

Benzo fast brown 3GL 

Benzo red 12B -. 



Benzo rhoduline red B 

•Benzo rhoduline red 3B 

Brilliant acid blue 3B 

•Brilliant benzo violet B — 
Brilliant benzo violet 2R- 
Brilllant milling blue B — 

Brilliant wool blue FFB 

Brilliant wool blue FFR 

•Celliton orange GR- 



Chlorantine fast blue 2GL 

•Chlorantine fast brown BRL- 



Direct fast red 5BL 

•Chlorantine fast yellow "WJL — 

Chlorantine fast yellow RL 

Chrome yellow DS 

Chrome yellow G 

Cibacete brilliant blue 2B 

Cibaoete diazo black B 

Cibacete diazo black GN 

Cibacete sapphire blue G 

Cibacete scarlet G 

Cotton black 3G 



Cross dye green B 

•Diajnine Bordeaux B 

Diamine cateohine B 

Diamine oatechine G 

•Diamine catechine 3G 

•Diamine fast blue FFB 

•Diamine fast orange EG- 
•Diamine fast orange ER- 

•Diamlnogen blue N2B 

•Diazo Bordeaux 7B 



•Diazo brilliant green 3G 

•Diazo brilliant scarlet 2BL ex- 

•Diazo brilliant scarlet ROA 

Diazo brown 5G 

Diazo brown MR 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



87, 537. 

87. 

87, -464, 519, 527. 

527. 



527. 

527. 

87. 

527. 

87, 527. 

87, 527. 

87. 

87, 537. 



333, 464, 527, 550, 559. 

464, 495, 527, 550. 

11, 294, 333, 411, 495, 523, 527, 550, 559. 

495, 527, 550. 

268, 333, 365, 366, 456, 464, 527, 550, 576. 

527, 550. 

527, 550. 

294, 333, 527, 550. 

527, 550. 

294, 333, 411, 464, 495, 527, 550. 

495, 527, 550. 

495, 527, 550, 576. 

333, 495, 527, 550. 

527, 550. 

333, 495, 527, 550, 576. 

294, 333, 527, 550, 559. 

333, 559. 

527, 550, 569. 

333, 527. 

320, 550. 

320, 527, 550. 

527, 576. 

333, 495, 527, 550, 576. 

559. 

330, 527, 550. 

527. 

527, 550. 

320, 333, 495, 550. 
495. 

294, 333, 411, 455, 464, 478, 495, 509, 523, 

527, 550, 559, 569, 576. 
495. 

333, 495, 523, 527, 550, 559, 569. 

478, 495, 523, 559. 

495. 

464, 527. 

569. 

333, 495. 

495. 

333, 495, 550. 

320. 

550. 

333, 411, 464, 550. 

333, 411, 527, 550, 576. 

333, 527. 

333, 527, 576. 

333, 527, 550, 576. 

294, 333, 47P, 495, 527, 550, 559, 569. 

294, 333, 461, 464, 495, 550, 569. 

294, 333, 461, 464, 550. 

333, 478, 495, 550, 569. 

294, 333, 495, 527, 550, 559, 576. 

333, 495, 527, 550, 559. 

294, 333, 495, 527, 550, 559. 

333, 550, 559, 576. 

527, 550. 

550. 



84 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 8B. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer , 195 J --Continued 






Colour 
Index or 

Proto- 
type No. 




Man\if acturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



DYES GROUPED BY PROTOTYPE NUMBER — Continued 



9A- 
95 
96 
97 
99 
100 
101 
102 
107 
108 
109 
116 
118 
121 
122 
124 
125 
126 
129 
135 
137 
138 
139 
UO 
Ul 
U3 
144 
145 
146 
147 
148 
149 
151 
152 
157 
158 
162 
163 
164 
165 
166 
168 
169 
170 
171 
172 
173 
178 
181 
182 
186 
187 
188 
189 
191 
193 
194 
195 
197 
198 
201 
202 
203 
205 
206 
207 
208 
209 
210 



Diazo 'brown 3RB 

♦Diazo fast red 5BL 

»Diazo fast red 7BL 

Diazo indigo blue 4GL — 
Diazo indigo blue 4R1 — 

»Diazo rubine B 

Diazo sky blue B 

Diazo slcy blue 3GL 

•Fast mordant blue B 

Fast scarlet 2G base 

*Fast scarlet 2G salt 

Sirius supra brown 3R — 

Sirius supra gray R 

Sirius supra orange 5G- 
Sirius supra yellow 5G- 

*Guinea carmine B 

*Guinea fast red BL 

Guinea fast red 4BL 



Helindon fast scarlet G 

Helindon pink B ex 

«Helindon pink R ex 

Indanthrene brilliant orange RK- 

»Indanthrene brown BR 

•Indanthrene brown RHD 

♦Indanthrene khaki 2G 

Indanthrene rubine R 



Indanthrene yellow brown 3G- 
Indo carbon CL 



Katigen chrome blue 5G — 

Metachrome red G 

Milling orange G — 

"Milling yellow H5G 

Milling yellow 

Monochrome blue black B- 

Naphthol blue black S 

Neolan black WA 

»Neolan blue GG 

Neolan Bordeaux R 

Neolan orange R- 



■"Oxydiaminogen OB 

•Paper red A ex — - 

Pigment green B 

Polar orange GS 

•Polar orange R 

Pyrogene orange G-CF 

Pyrogene violet brown X 

Pyrogene yellow brown 2RS-CF 

Rapidogen blue BN 

•Rapidogen blue D 

Rapidogen Bordeaux R 

Rapidogen brown GN 

•Rapidogen red GS 

•Rapidogen red RS 

•Rapidogen scarlet RS 

•Rapidogen yellow G 

•Rosanthrene fast Bordeaux 2BL 



•Rosanthrene orange R 

Sudan brown 5B 

Sudan orange RT 

Sudan red BB 



Sulphon orange G 

•Sulphon yellow R 

Supra light rubine BL 

Supramins black BR 

Supramine Bordeaux B 

Supramine red 3B 

Supramine red 2G 

Supramine yellow R — - — 

•Victoria fast violet 2R ex- 

•Victoria pure blue B 

•Zambesi black D 

•Zambesi black V 



Acid anthracene brown KE- 
Acid anthracene brown WSG — 

•Alizarin fast gray BBLW 

Alizarin supra sky R 

Alphanol brown B 

Amldo naphthol brown 3G— • — 
Anthralan red B-CF 



527, 550. 










294, 333, 


527. 








294, 333, 


527, 559, 


569, 


576. 




550. 










550. 










294, 550, 


559. 








550. 










550. 










424, 527. 










333, 552, 


583. 








376, 527, 


550, 552, 


559, 


576. 




550. 










550. 










550. 










527, 550. 










333, 495, 


550. 








294, 333, 


495, 527, 


550. 






333, 527, 


550. 








576. 










464. 










68, 333, 


464, 550, 


576. 






294, 333, 


527, 550. 








333, 464, 


527, 550, 


552. 






333, 464, 


495, 527, 


550, 


559, 


576. 


333, 365, 


527, 550. 








333, 527, 


550. 








527. 










250, 550. 










550. 










424. 










576. 










455, 495, 


527, 550, 


559, 


576. 




527, 550. 










495. 










527, 550. 










495, 527, 


550. 








294, 320, 


333, 464, 


495, 


527, 


550, 559, 576 


294, 495, 


527, 559. 








333, 495, 


527. 








411, 455, 


478, 495, 


527 


550, 


559, 569, 576 


333, 495, 


527, 550. 








550. 










495. 










294, 333, 


495, 527, 


550, 






495. 










495. 










495. 










68, 320, 


550, 559. 








68, 333, 


550, 559. 








320, 550, 


559. 








550, 559. 










68, 320, 


333, 464, 


495, 


527, 


550, 559. 


68, 320, 


333, 464, 


550, 


559. 




68, 320, 


333, 464, 


527, 


550, 


559. 


320, 333, 


464, 527, 


550 


559 




268, 294, 


333, 495, 


527 


550 


559, 576. 


333, 495, 


527, 550, 


559 






550. 










550. 










550. 










550, 576. 










294, 464, 


495, 550, 


559 


576. 




527, 550 










550, 576 










550. 










550, 576 










550. 










550. 










333, 464, 


495, 527, 


550 






76, 333, 


376, 550. 








495, 527 


550. 








333, 495 


527, 550 








550, 559 










550. 










294, 333 


365, 464, 


527 


550 




527, 550 










550. 










550. 










550. 











SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 85 

TABLE 8b. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, i95J--Continued 




211 

213 

21^ 

215 

216 

217 

218 

222 

223 

224 

227 

228 

229 

230 

231 

232 

234 

235 

236 

237 

238 

239 

241 

242 

243 

244 

245 

246 

247 

249 

250 

251 

252 

253 

254 

255 

256 

257 

258 

258 

259 

260 

260 

261 

264 

264 

265 

265 

266 

267 

269 

269 

270 

270 

271 

271 

272 

272 

273 

273 

274 

274 

275 

275 

276 

277 

278 

285 

288 

289 

290 

291 

292 

293 

295 
296 
298 
299 



DYES GROUPED BY PROTOTYPE NUMBER— Continued 



Azosol fast orange G 

Azosol fast red 3B 

Azosol fast scarlet CR— 
Azosol fast scarlet CGG- 

Azosol fast yellow GR 

Benzo fast Bordeaux 6BL- 
Benzo fast brovm Rl- 



Brilliant indocyanine 6B-CF — 

♦Brilliant indocyanine G 

Brilliant sulpho flavine FFA- 

Celliton fast blue FR 

«Celliton fast blue FFR 

Celliton fast blue green B 

•Celliton fast brown 3R 

Celliton fast brown 5R 

Celliton fast navy blue B 

»Celliton fast pink B 

*Celliton fast pink FF3B 

«Celliton fast red GG- 



«Celliton fast red violet RN- 

«Celliton fast rubine B 

•Celliton fast rubine 3B 

Celliton fast violet 6B 

«Celliton fast yellow G 

Celliton fast yellow RR 

*Celliton scarlet B 

•Celliton yellow 5G- 



•Chlorantine fast red 5BRL 

Chrome fast orange 3RL 

Dianil yellow 5G 

Diazo brown 3R- 



Diazo fast yellow 2G — 

Diazo fast yellow 3G — 

*Erio chrome brown DKL- 

Erio chrome olive BL — 

Fast black B salt 

Fast black K salt 

Fast black LB base 

•Fast blue BB base 

Fast blue BB salt 

Fast Bordeaux BD salt- 
»Fast Bordeaux GP base- 
»Fast Bordeaux GP salt- 
Fast Corinth V salt 

Fast orange GC base 

•Fast orange GC salt 

Fast orange GR base 

Fast orange GR salt 

Fast orange RD salt 

•Fast red AL salt 

Fast red 3GL base 

•Fast red 3GL salt 

•Fast red KB base 

•Fast red KB salt 

•Fast red RC base 

•Fast red RC salt 

Fast red RL base 

Fast red RL salt 

Fast red TR base 

•Fast red TR salt- 



Fast violet B base 

Fast violet B salt 

Fast yellow GC base 

Fast yellow GC salt 

Sirius supra orange GG 

Sirius supra red violet RL 

•Sirius supra turquoise blue GL- 
Immadlal new bl\ie FBL ex- 



Indanthrene brilliant violet 3B- 
Indanthrene direct black RB- 



Indanthrene golden orange 3G- 



•Indanthrene golden yellow GK- 

Indanthrene golden yellow RK- 

•Indanthrene olive green B 



Indanthrene printing black BL- 
Indanthrene red FBB- 



Manuf aoturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



Metomega chrome brown HLL- 
•Monochrome black blue G 



550. 
550. 
550. 
550. 
550. 
550. 
527. 

527, 550. 
495, 527, 
527. 

320, 550. 
320, 424, 
320, 333, 
483, 550, 
550. 
576. 

320, 495, 
320, 333, 
320, 333, 
320, 333, 
320, 333, 
320, 333, 
320, 333, 
320, 333, 
576. 

320, 333, 
320, 483, 
294, 455, 
550, 559. 
527, 550. 
550. 

527, 550, 
550. 

495, 527, 
495. 

527, 550, 
550. 
550. 

320, 376, 
320, 550, 
550. 

376, 527, 
333, 376, 
550. 

376, 527, 
376, 550, 
527. 

376, 550, 
376, 550. 
527, 550, 
552, 576. 
376, 527, 
376, 464, 
320, 333, 
376, 550, 
320, 376, 
376, 550. 
376, 550. 
552. 

527, 550, 
320, 550. 
527, 550, 
552. 

550, 552. 
550. 

333, 550. 
268, 294, 
550. 
550. 

527, 550 
333, 366 
68, 333, 
365, 527 
268, 333 

576. 
527, 550 
527, 550, 
495. 
294, 333 



483, 495, 527, 550, 576. 

550. 

576. 



527, 576. 

550, 576. 

550, 576. 

550, 576. 

550. 

483, 495, 527, 550, 576. 

550. 

480, 483, 495, 550, 569, 576. 

483, 495, 527, 550, 576. 

550, 576. 

527, 550, 559, 569. 



559. 
550. 
559. 



550, 583. 
583. 

550, 552. 

550, 552, 559, 576. 

550, 552. 
552, 576. 

552. 

559, 576. 

550, 552, 559, 576, 583. 
527, 550, 552, 576, 578, 583. 
576. 

552, 576. 
550, 552, 576. 



576. 
576, 583. 

320, 333, 527, 550. 



527, 550. 
365, 527, 550, 559. 
550. 
365, 366, 456, 464, 527, 550, 552, 



495, 527, 550. 



86 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 8B, -Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States production or sales were 
reported, identified by mar^u facturer , 1953--Continued 



Colour 
Index or 

Proto- 
type Ko. 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



DYES GROUPED BY PROTOTYPE NUMBER — Continued 



300 
301 
302 

303 
304 
305 

306 

307 

308 

309 

310 

311 

312 

313 

3U 

315 

316 

317 

318 

319 

321 

322* 

324 

325 

326 

327 

328 

329 

330 

332 

333 

334 

335 

336 

337 

339 

340 

341 

342 

343 

344 

345 

347 

348 

349 

350 

351 

352 

353 

357 

358 

360 

361 

364 

365 

366 

367 

368 

369 

370 

371 

372 

375 

376 

377 

378 

379 

381 

383 

385 

386 

387 

388 

389 

391 

393 



Monochrome red FG 

Monochrome violet FB- 
»Naphthol AS 



»Naphthol AS-BO- 
»Naphthol AS-BR- 
♦Naphthol AS-BS- 



♦Naphthol AS-D 

Naphthol AS-DB 

Naphthol AS-E 

»Naphthol AS-G 

»Naphthol AS-ITR 

♦Naphthol AS-OL 

»Naphthol AS-RL 

*Naphthol AS^SW 

»Naphthol AS-TR 

Neolan orange G 

»Neolan yellow W. 

Omega chrome yellow ME 

Palatine fast blue BN 

Palatine fast blue RRN 

Palatine fast green BLN 

Palatine fast marine blue REN 

Palatine fast orange GN 

Palatine fast orange RN 

♦Palatine fast pink BN 

Palatine fast red RN 

Palatine fast violet 3RN 

Palatine fast violet 5RN 

Palatine fast yellow ELN 

Pluto black G 

Pyrazol fast orange GL 

Rapid fast orange RH 

Rapid fast red FGH 

Rapid fast red RH- 



Rapid fast scarlet ILH 

Rapidogen black MG 

Rapidogen black brown IT 

♦Rapidogen blue N 

Rapidogen blue R 

Rapidogen brown IB 

Rapidogen brown IPT 

Rapidogen golden yellow R ~ — 

Rapidogen green B 

Rapidogen orange G 

Rapidogen orange R- 



Rapidogen red violet RE 

•Rapidogen violet B 

Rapidogen yellow G 

♦Rapidogen yellow 2G 

Variamine blue BD salt ~ 

Variamine blue RT salt 

Acid chrome red B 

Alizarin rubinol 3G ~ 

Benzochrome brown B 

Benzochrome brown G ~ 



Benzo fast heliotrope RRL — 

Brilliant benzo fast violet BL 

Brilliant benzo green B 

Celliton brilliant yellow FF 

Celliton fast pink RF 

Chrome leather fast black S 

♦Cotonerol 

Diamond black P2B 

Diazo brilliant orange GR 

♦Diazo brilliant scarlet 5BLN 

♦Fast red ITR base 

♦Sirius supra gray VGL— ~ 

Indanthrene orange 4R — 

Janus black G 

Naphthol AS-BG 

Naphthol AS-GR— 

Naphthol AS-LB 

Naphthol AS-SG 

Noolan pink B ~ ■ 

Neolan red GRE 

Oxamine brilliant red B-— 



11, 550. 
550. 
333, 376, 

578. 
333, 376, 
376, 486, 
333, 376, 
578, X. 
333, 376, 
578, X. 
376, 550. 
376, 486, 
333, 376, 
376, 486, 
333, 376, 
333, 376, 
333, 376, 
486, 527, 
495, 550, 
294, 333, 
495. 

464, 550, 
294, 569. 
495, 527, 
294, 320, 
464. 

294, 550. 
294, 320, 
550. 
550. 

464, 550. 
294, 495, 
411. 
495. 

464, 550. 
550. 
550. 

550. 

550. 

550. 

320, 333, 

550. 

550. 

550, 559. 
464, 527, 

550, 559. 

550, 559. 

320, 527, 

550, 559. 

68, 320, 

68, 550. 

68, 320, 

550, 552, 

550. 

550. 

550. 

550. 

550. 

527, 550. 

527, 550. 

527, 550. 

527, 550. 

333, 550. 

550. 

320, 333, 

550. 

550. 

333, 550, 

320, 376, 

294, 527, 

333, 550. 

550. 

376, 550. 

550. 

550. 

376, 550, 

495, 527, 

294, 495. 

527, 550. 



464, 486, 527, 550, 559, 



464, 486, 
505, 527, 
464, 486, 



550, 576, 
576, 578. 
550, 559, 



464, 486, 527, 550, 559, 



494, 
583. 
527, 
550, 
527, 
576. 



527, 550. 

464, 486, 

550, 578, 

464, 486, 

486, 527, 

464, 486, 

550, 552, 
559. 

495, 527, 

559. 

550, 559. 
527, 559. 



333, 464, 550, 559. 



527, 550, 

550, 559, 
576. 

550, 559, 



563, 576, 
578. 

563, 576, 

563, 576, 

559, 576. 
563, 576, X. 
576, 578. 



550, 559. 



464, 527, 550, 559. 



550. 
550, 559. 



333, 464, 
583. 



559. 
550. 
550. 



559. 
550. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, I953 



87 



TABLE SB. --Synthetic 



rganic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes foe which United States product ion or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1953- -Continued 




DYES GROUPED BY PROTOTYPE NUMBER— Continued 



Palatine fast claret BN- 

Para brovm V 

Permanent carmine FB 

Rapid fast brown lEH 

Rapid fast scarlet RH 

Rapidogen red ITR 

Rapidogen scarlet IL 

Rosanthrene Bordeaux B — 

Acid chrome blue 3G 

Algol scarlet B 

Azo rubinol 3GP 

Azosol fast blue HL 

Azosol fast green HL 

Benzo fast gray BL- 



Brilliant congo blue BFL 

Brilliant wool blue Q 

Celliton fast yellow 70 

•Chlorantine fast Bordeaux 2B — 
Chlorantine fast Bordeaux BLL- 

Chlorantine fast brown 8RLL 

Chlorantine fast gray RLN 

Chlorantine fast green BLL 

Chlorantine fast orange TARIL- 
Chlorantine fast orange T5HLL- 

»Chlorantine fast red 6BLL 

Chlorantine fast violet 5BL 

Chlorantine fast violet Rll, 

•Chlorazol blue 5GKS 

Derma brown G 

Diazanil orange RR 

Diazo brilliant blue 2BL 

Diazo fast Bordeaux FBL 

Fast scarlet TR base 

Sirius light blue FBGL 

Indanthrene orange F3R 

Indanthrene red brown R 



Indanthrene red brown 5RF 

Indanthrene scarlet R 

Indanthrene yellow FFRK 

Indanthrene yellow GF 

Indanthrene yellow 3R 

Kiton fast red 4BLN 

Metomega chrome brown 3GL 

Metomega chrome orange ML 

Metomega chrome red GM 

Monochrome olive FBBL 

Naphthol AS-LC- 



Naphthoohrome violet R- 
Neolan blue 2R 



Neolan orange GRE 

Rapidogen golden yellow IFG 

Rapidogen red IGG 

Rapidogen yellow UO 

Diphenyl fast blue green BL 

Sudan red GG 

Sudan yellow QRN 

Suprajnlne yellow 3GL 

Chromoxane brilliant violet SB- 
Alizarin light blue 4GL 

Azosol fast red BE 

Brilliant indo blue 5GL 

Chloramlne fast orange 2RN — - — 

•Chlorantine fast violet 2RL 

Cloth fast yellow 5G 

Diazo brilliant scarlet ROL 

Diazo fast yellow 3GLL 

Diphenyl fast blue red R 

Erganil gray BC 

Fast blue RR base 

Fast blue RR salt 

Fast Corinth LB salt 

Fast red FR salt 

Fast red PDC base 

»Fast red PDC salt 



Indanthrene red violet RRN- 

Leather brown ET 

Naphthol AS-LG 

Naphthol AS-LT- 



Neolan red BRE 



Manuf act j'"ers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



^S, 550. 



495, 
569. 



495, 
527. 



320, 
527. 



550. 
569. 



527, 
550. 



550. 

333, 478, 495, 527, 559, 569. 

478, 495, 527, 550. 



550. 
527. 
495. 



478, 495, 523. 
527. 



550, 583. 
559, 583. 
550. 



88 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



tabu; SB. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, J953--Continued 



Colour 
Index or 

Proto- 
type No. 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



DYES GROUPED BY PROTOTYPE NIMBER — Continued 

Rapidogen corinth IB 

Sirius supra rubine BB 

Xylene fast orange PO 

Acid alizarin black KGW 

Acid leather brovm EGB 

Alizarin saphirol WSA 

Buffalo black X 

Caloofast spirit orange RN 

Caledon dark blue G 

Cellitazol AZN 

Chloramine copper blue 3G 

Chlorantine fast yellow 2GIJ. 

Chrome fast green G 

Diaminogen blue NA 

Diazo fast green GF 

Diazo fast violet BL 

^Direct chinoline 

Dispersol fast yellow 2G 

Durazol fast blue 3RS 

Durazol fast orange R — 

Eastman fast yellow GLF 

Eastone blue BGF 

Erie fast rubine B 

Fast brown salt VA 

Guinea brown RD 

Iramedial black brown A 

»Indanthrene olive T 

Indanthrene yellow 3GF 

Interchem acetate orange 4R 

Leather brown 5RTX 

Luxol brilliant green BL 

Luxol fast blue MBS 

Naphthol AS-L3G 

»Naphthol AS-MX 

»Naphthol AS-PH 

Neolan dark green B 

•Neutral brown RX 

Pontamine black AWG 

Pontamine diazo brown R 

Pontamine diazo orange 

Pontamine diazo orange 3G 

♦Pontamine navy blue DB 

Rapidogen black 3G 

Rapidogen blue PBN 

Sirius supra brown 2RL 

Sirius supra orange RRL 

Sirius supra scarlet GO 

»Solantine orange Mi 

Supranol brown 3GL 

Wool black GRF 

•Sirius supra yellow R ex 

Direct brown RG 

Direct fast yellow 3GP 

UNGROUPED DYES 

•Acetate rayon dyes : ^ 

•Black, IV ex., B, BNF, DB, EC, G, 3G, GGN, 

GS, GY, J, LNB, NC, RB, HK, SDP, SS.^ 
•Blue, #15, #40, A8-7, A8-45, AGF, B, 2B, 

BGLF, BN, BNN, BP, CR, EC, G, 2G, GBN, GE, 
GFD, GLF, GLT, GLT-NS, 2GN, GP, CR, LB, 
ID, M, MJ, NBN, NVC, NVY, HB, RDA, RG, R, 
2R, 3R, WNBN.^ 

Brown #8, JG, R • 

Orange, I, III, FSI, GR, GRN, R, 2R, 3R, 
RD-GLF, 2RP.* 

Pink MBS 

•Red III, VI-X, B, 2B, ABLL, 2B-GLF, C, FSI, 

G, GLF, LRB, NB, R, RP, WLF-40, Y, YP.' 
•Violet 3B, 7BC, BGF, BN, MB, 2R, 4R, 3RGFL, 
5RLF. 

•Yellow B, CW, FSI, G. 50, 8GLF, GL, GN, CR, 
IX, M, N, RN, 4RL.* 

Acid alizarin Bordeaux BLT 

Acid alizarin brown RLL 

Acid anthracene brown TBL 

Acid black AR, SB, CStF, N, RB 

See footnotes at end of table. 



511 
512 
513 
5U 
515 
516 
519 
520 
522 
523 
52-4 
526 
527 
529 
530 
531 
533 
534 
535 
536 
537 
538 
539 
540 
543 
545 
547 
549 
551 
552 
553 
554 
555 
556 
557 
560 
562 
565 
566 
567 
568 
569 
571 
572 
575 
576 
577 
578 
579 
581 
582 
598 
622 



550. 
455, 
527. 
495. 
550. 
333, 
527. 
464, 
333. 
333, 
495, 
495. 
495, 
333, 
550. 
527, 
464, 
333. 
333. 
333. 
320, 
483. 
333, 
550. 
550. 
550. 
268, 
527. 
320. 
550. 
333, 
527, 
550. 
376, 
333, 
495. 
294, 
333, 
333, 
333, 
333. 
333, 
550. 
550. 
550. 
550. 
527. 
320, 
550. 
495. 
268, 
495. 
495. 



527, 550. 



550. 
550. 



483, 550. 
550. 



527. 
527. 



550, 559. 
527, 550. 



483. 
527, 569. 



294, 333, 365, 366, 456, 527, 550, 576. 



550. 
554. 

486, 550, 576, 578. 
376, 486, 550, 578. 

333, 495, 527. 

527. 

550. 

527. 

411, 464, 495, 527. 



455, 478, 495, 527. 

294, 320, 455, 495, 527, 550, 559, 569. 



320, 333, 411, 483, 495, 527, 550, 576. 
320, 333, 483, 527, 550, 576, 578. 



320, 483. 

320, 333, 411, 483, 527, 569, 576. 



320, 333, 411, 483, 495, 527, 569, 576. 

320, 333, 483, 495, 527. 

320, 483, 576. 

320, 333, 483, 495, 527, 550, 576. 

550. 
550. 
550. 
333, 527, 550. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



89 



TABl£ 8B. --Synf/ietic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States production or sales were 
reported, identified l>y manufacturer , i95J--Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



UNGROUPED DYES— Continued 



Acid blue G 

Acid blue black A- 
Aoid Bordeaux MB — 



Acid brilliant blue RE 

Acid brilliant red 33 

Acid brown GRTA, 3G, OR, ITGA, M130, NY, PGMA, 
2R, RD. 

Acid dark brown B 

Acid dark green B — 

Acid fast brown CGS 

Acid green G 

Acid leather brown 

Acid metalized blue NB 

Acid milling orange "iR 

Acid navy B, FN 

Acid navy blue — 



»Aoid orange NR, R, 2R 

Acid red B, 2B, 3B, BR, G, RB, 3RB- 

Acid sapphire G 

Acid scarlet GN 



«Acid violet MR, R, 2R, 3RL, RNL- 
Acid yellow 3G, 6G, NR, NW, 3RD- 

Alizarin blue GS 

Alizarin sapphire EMM 

Alizarin violet NRR 

Alphazurine B 



Anthracene chrome brown RL 

Anthraquinone blue BGA, 3G, 2GA, 4GL, RA 

Anthraquinone vat black BBN, 2G, J, R 

Anthraquinone vat black brown VA 

Anthraquinone vat blue BCL, GR 

Anthraquinone vat blue green 3B, FEB, Y 

Anthraquinone vat brilliant red B 

Anthraquinone vat brilliant violet 3R 

Anthraquinone vat brilliant yellow 3G, AG, 5G — 

Anthraquinone vat brown BN, NR, VR- 

Anthraquinone vat copper brown 

Anthraquinone vat direct black DB, 3G, 3GA, HP- 

Anthraquinone vat fast yellow 

Anthraquinone vat golden orange 4G 

♦Anthraquinone vat gray BR, 2G, GEL, GNF, MEM, 
R. 
Anthraquinone vat navy blue BN 

•Anthraquinone vat olive G, 2GL, 2GLD, T, TC, 
TR. 
Anthraquinone vat orange RK- 



Anthraquinone vat printing black BBD, PG, R 

Anthraquinone vat red EG, RL, RRB 

Anthraquinone vat red brown N, RB 

Anthraquinone vat scarlet 3GA, GL ^ 

Anthraquinone vat yellow 8G, 5GLL, K, LN, PO 

Anthraquinone vat, other 

Anthraquinone violet A 

Aviation blue 

Azo black NV 

Azo blue G ..-_ 



Azo brilliant blue RS — 
Azo brilliant violet 0- 

Azo brown BY, RRK 

Azo cardinal WE 

Azo cerisine B 

Azo dark brown EW — 

Azo eosine 2B — 

Azo fast yellow G 

Azo golden orange R 

Azo green FB, EFV, G 

Azo navy BR, CW, LN 

Azo oil black 



Azo oil blue black B 

Azo olive green BLN 

Azo orange BRS, GR, RNC, RXA- 

Azo royal blue L, S 

Azo rubine B, S 

Azo scarlet 

Azo turquoise B 

Azo violet R 

Azo wine WE 

Azo yellow DW, S 



333. 
550. 
550. 
333. 
559. 
333, 550. 



333. 
333. 

333. 

11. 

550. 

464. 

411. 

464. 

333, 

333, 

523. 

559. 

llj 

333, 

527. 

527. 

527. 

527. 

424. 

333. 

464, 

550. 

527, 

333, 

333. 

333. 

333, 

333, 

464. 

333, 

464. 

333. 

333, 



550, 559. 
527, 559. 



333, 411, 424, 550. 
550, 559. 



527, 576. 



550. 
550, 576. 



550. 
527. 



550, 576. 

464, 527, 550, 576. 



576. 

333, 464, 552. 

576. 

527, 576. 

333. 

333. 

333, 550. 

333, 527. 

250. 

333. 

464. 

523. 

523. 

523. 

523. 

523, 559. 

523. 

464. 

523. 

333. 

523. 

523. 

523, 559. 

523. 

527. 

527. 

559. 

559. 

523. 

523. 

523. 

523. 

559. 

523. 

523. 



313486 O - 54 - 7 



90 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TA3LE SB. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States production or 
reported , identified by manufacturer , i95J--Continued 



Colour 
Index or 

Proto- 
type No. 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



UNGROUPED DYES— Continued 

»Azoic dyes and their ooinponents: '' 
Dyes, rapidogen: 

Black BR, DM, ITA, MR 

Blue B, 2B, PEN, PBR, R- 

Bordeaux AF, MR 

Brown INR, Y 

Dark brown AR 

Fast red B 

Garnet 



Golden yellow ms 

Gray R 

Midnight blue- 
Navy blue F, FFR- 
Orange FFR, MG, N- 



Red 3B, 2BN, C, FB, FFBB, FFG, FFR, KBS, 

RC, SW. 
Scarlet FFG, FFR, 2G, 2H 

Violet B, SW 

Yellow AGL 

Components: 

Fast color bases: 

Garnet GBCP, GC 

Ponceau L 

Red FB 



Fast color salts: 

Blue RBN 

Ponceau L 

Variamine blue FG 

Fur dyes: Fur #2, #<i, BCA, NZA, NZF- 

Naphthols : 

Naphthol AS-AAP 

Naphthol AS-BGN 

Naphthol AS-BN 

Naphthol AS-EL 

Naphthol AS-HB 

Naphthol AS-KB 

Naphthol AS-OP 

Naphthol AS-PN 

Naphthol AS-RO- 
Naphthol AS-ST- 



Azosol brilliant blue B 

Azosol fast brilliant red BN 

Basic blue OB 

Basic red AO 

Basic yellow OL 

Benzo fast copper brown BRL 

Benzo fast copper yellow 2GL 

Benzo fast gray BL 

Brilliant cyanine green 5G 

Brilliant oil blue BMA 

Brilliant rayon blue J 

Brilliant violet R 

Canary lake yellow PL 

Celliton yellow 6D 

Chloramine brilliant orange RS — - 

Chlorantine fast green 5GLL 

Chromate brown R, RL 

Chrome black 3G — — — 

Chrome blue G — ~ 

Chrome brilliant pink 3B — 

Chrome brown B 

Chrome cyanine BLL — 

Chrome garnet GR ~ 

Chrome gray BL- 

Chrome green B, CB, SP 

Ciirome orange 2G, LC, 3R — 
tKIhrome yellow 2GN, LL, SW- 

Chromolan gray G 

Chromolan violet 2H ~ — 

Cupramine brown B ■ 

Cupramine orange RB-— -— 

Cupramine red BX — 

Dark brown B 

Developed blue BR- 



Deve loped brown CBS 

Developed orar.ge RIV, WD — 
Developed red BFV- 



333, 
376, 
320, 
550, 
333. 
A6A. 
376. 
333. 
550, 
550. 
550, 
333, 
320, 



550, 559. 

550, 559. 

333, 559. 
559. 



559. 

550, 559. 

333, 376, 550, 559. 



Developed scarlet FW, GFtf- 
See footnotes at end of table. 



376, 550, 559. 
320, 376. 
333. 



333. 

12, 376, 552. 

576. 

455. 

559. 
576. 
550. 
294. 

333. 

376. 

550. 

376. 

376. 

376, 486, 550, 559. 

559. 

464. 

527. 

550. 

550. 

550. 

333. 

333. 

333. 

550. 

550. 

333. 

365. 

527. 

523. 

576. 

527. 

550. 

495. 

495. 

294, 424. 

527. 

11. 

333. 

527. 

527. 

11. 

424. 

424, 527. 

333, 464, 527. 

333, 523, 527. 

527. 

527. 

523. 

523. 

523. 

333. 

576. 

527. 

527. 

527. 

527. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



91 



TABLE SB. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States production or sales wer 
reported, identified by manufacturer , 7953- -Continued 



Dye 



UNGROUPED DYES — Continued 



Developed violet BED 

Diamine oateohine ER, 6CiA- 

Diazo blue 3G, 6G, 5GL 

Diazo Bordeaux RLN- 



Diazo brilliant orange GGA — 
Diazo brilliant scarlet 2GA- 
Diazo brown 6G — 



Diazo fast violet BL 

Diazo green BL, 2GL 

Diazo orange G, CR, LGA, N, RG, RR, WD- 

Diazo scarlet P 

Diazo violet RR 

Diazo yellow 2GL — 
Diazophen red BTB- 



Diazophen yellow BTP 

(Direct black CW, 3G, 5G, GN, 3GR, HH, RCW, RW 

*Direct blue B, BBL, BFL, BLU, lOBLU, BW, CF, 
CF2B, FBLL, 2GF1, GL, 3GLL, -iGLL, 8GLN, ^U, 
SGUF, LBLL, LDU, LGLL, NPC, MR, RDW, 2RCF, 
3RCF, RFL, 2RFL, RL, Rllf, 2RLU, 2RLCF, TRLL, 
VES. 

Direct blue green CW 

Direct Bordeaux B, BH 

Direct brilliant blue lOBLL, 12BLL, 16BLL 

Direct brilliant brown S 

Direct brilliant cerise 

Direct brilliant violet •4B, R- 



(Direct brown OR, CWE, GB, 3GS, MRS, RB, 3RLL, 

Direct oatechine 2EAC -— — — 

Direct copper black brown — • — 

Direct diazo blue NA — ■ — 



Direct diazo orange RG 

Direct fast black GRNX 

(Direct fast blue BLL, 2BRN, CPL, GLFV, 7GLL, 
8GLL, GSS, L5GA, L5R, RL, 3RL, SFGL, SFRL. 
Direct fast brilliant blue L8GA. 

»Direot fast brown 4GL, 5GLL, R, AR, 2RL, 3RL, 
4RL, 8RL, SKRL, 3YL. 

Direct fast copper blue EG, R 

Direct fast gray 3BL, 2GL, 3GL " 

Direct fast heliotrope B, FFB 

•Direct fast orange G, 2G, 5GC, GL, 2GL, 4GLL, 
L8GL, R. 

(Direct fast red 3BL, 8BLN, 7B^^:-, lABL, RL, WL — 

Direct fast rubine BBLL, WL 

Direct fast violet BL, ABL, R 

KDireot fast yellow 5G, 3GL, 3GU, L2RX, L3RX, RL, 
S5GP. 

Direct garnet RB, RD 

Direct gray BBC, CSL, 2GLU, 3LUF, LVL, LVLU, 
UFLL. 

Direct green B, GB, 5GSC, 2Y 

Direct luniisol blue GL, L, RL 

Direct lumisol gray G 

Direct lumisol violet "iRL — — 

Direct maroon LFS, LFVS- 



Manuf acturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



»Direct orange C, DB, F3R, GFL, 5GFL, 2GLL, 2GU, 
6GUF, LR, 3LWF, 2R, RT. 

Direct red 7B, 9B, 5BL, 8BLN, 5BLU, 3BW 

Direct rubine BB, SB 

Direct scarlet B, BCW, G 

Direct silk blue NR 

Direct sky blue FF 

Direct violet BCW, 2R 

Direct violet blaok- 



*Direct white, ACC, AW, B, 4B, 5B, 5BM, 2G, MR, 
M2R, 2R, 3R, RN, RW, SC, WT. 

Direct yellow EFC, G, 3G 

Euohrysine 2GA 



Fast acid orange RW — — — 

Fast acid red 



576. 
550. 
333. 
333. 
550. 
550. 
333. 
333. 
333. 
333, 
333. 
333. 
333. 
464. 
464. 
411, 
320, 



Fast acid yellow GS, RL- 

Fast black FTC, G 

Fast blue 2B 



Fast Bordeaux BN, RB 

Fast brilliant crimson RB- 

Faat brown FN, MF 

Fast crimson R— — — — — - 



550, 569. 



495, 523. 

464, 478, 495, 509, 523, 527, 559, 576. 



527. 

320, 527. 

523. 

527. 

464. 

464, 576. 

333, 411, 464, 523, 527, 576. 

527. 
527. 
569. 
569. 
569. 
294, 333, 527, 550, 569. 

550. 

333, 527, 569. 



527. 
294, 
320, 
294, 



333. 
333. 
333, 527, 550, 569. 



294, 


333, 


411, 


455, 


523, 


550, 


576. 


411, 


569. 












333, 


527. 












333, 


509, 


527, 


559, 


569. 






527, 


576. 












320, 


523, 


527. 










333, 


464, 


527, 


576. 








495. 














495. 














495. 














523. 














333, 


464, 


478, 


509, 


523, 


559, 


569 


320, 


523, 


559. 










523, 


559. 












523, 


576. 












550. 














333. 














320, 


527, 


559, 


576. 








495. 














117, 


333, 


376, 


464, 


527, 


550, 


559 


523, 


559. 












550. 














495. 














569. 














333, 


527. 












464, 


576. 












294. 














464. 














527. 














464. 














527 















92 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

TABLE SB. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer , J95J- -Continued 



Colour 
Index or 

Proto- 
type No. 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



UNGROUPED DYES — Continued 



Fast olive brown G 

Fast orange LW, YF 

Fast spirit black RB 

Fast spirit brown GN 

Fast spirit yellow G, 2RN- 

Fast wool yellow GL 

Fast yellow G, 2G, N 

Fiber black V 

Fluorescent green Htf 

Fluorescent yellow HEB 

Fluorol 5G, VGA, OBR 

Formaldehyde scarlet Y 

Formalide brown RD 

Formalide deep blue R 

Gasoline yellow 

Indigo blue 

Ink blue ASB, PP 

losol black 

losol blue, 6G 

losol green 

losol orange 

losol red 

losol violet 

losol yellow 

Jet black AFX 

Leather brown 5RT 

Levelling blue 2R 

Methyl violet base oleate- 

Milling blue BL 

Milling orange RN 

Milling red brown 

Milling yellow GN, XN 

Naphthol navy blue M 

Navy blue G 



Neutral black BSS 

Neutral brown RD 

Neutral dark brown H- 
Neutral red 3G 



Neutral silk brown G, 0, R, RG 

Neutral silk yellow CGA, SX 

Nydye blue GB 

Nydye brilliant red 3B 

Nydye orange 2R 

Nydye scarlet G 

Nydye violet BX 

Oil blue A, NE 

Oil brown #79, #102, D, M, Y 

Oil fast blue R 

«Oil orange, #30, MT 

Oil pink B 

•Oil red, #322, DB, EGN, N-1700, 0, OB, HO 

Oil yellow, PHW 

Olive brown RL 

Palatine fast blue 5RNA 

Palatine fast yellow 5GN 

Permanent brown FR 

Pluto orange GRA 

Quinoline yellow P 

Resin brilliant red R 

Resin brown Z — — 

Resin dark red Z 

Resin scarlet 2R -___ — 

Rhodamine B stearate ■ 

Rosanthrene orange R 

Silk red 4B 

Soga yellow A 

Spirit-soluble blue 



Spirit-soluble brown 2RS 

Spirit-soluble fast black 

Spirit-soluble fast blue B 

Spirit-soluble fast green B 

Spirit-soluble fast orange A — 
Spirit-soluble fast red M, Y — 
Spirit-soluble fast yellow 3G- 

Spirit-soluble green 

Spirit-soluble orange M, RS 

Spirit-soluble red MS 

Spirit-soluble red brown NR 

Spirit-soluble scarlet MC 



464. 

464, 576. 

464. 

464. 

464. 

527. 

294, 464, 569 

495. 

168. 

464. 

550. 

495. 

411. 

411. 

464. 

576. 

527, 550. 

527. 

527. 

527. 

527. 

527. 

527. 

527. 

333. 

527. 

576. 

464. 

333. 

333. 

527. 

333, 527. 

495. 

576. 

527. 

527. 

411. 

576. 

523. 

294, 523. 

523. 

523. 

523. 

523. 

523. 

333 

12, 

576. ■ 

12, 464, 467 

527. 

12, 

464, 

576. 

550. 

550. 

550. 

550. 

333. 

527. 

527. 

527. 

527. 

464. 

333. 

495. 

550. 

424. 

527. 

527. 

527. 

527. 

527. 

527. 

527. 

424. 

527. 

527. 

527. 

527. 



, 464. 
527. 



464, 467, 527, 576. 
467. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 93 

TABLE 83. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer , 1953- -Continued 



Colour 
Index or 

Proto- 
type No. 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



UNGROUPED DYES— Continued 



Spirit-soluble violet MR 

Spirit-soluble yellow CS., MGS- 

Stilbene orange E3G 

Sudan oorlnth 3B 

Sudan dark brown BG 

Sudan orange FL 

Sudan yellow GRA 

Synlan black 

Toluylene fast brown 3GA 

Vat black 

Vat maroon 3N 

Vat pink FG 

Vat printing black GR 

Vat red 2B 

Vat scarlet G, GX, GXS 

Water black SR 

All other 



527. 
527. 
46^. 
550. 
550. 
550. 
550. 
495. 
550. 

550. 
333. 
527. 
448. 
333. 
464. 
333. 



^ Excludes acetate rayon dyes that appear under "Dyes Grouped by Prototype Number." 
^ Includes developed black and diazo black. 
^ Includes brilliant blue and navy blue. 
* Includes golden orange and monocel orange. 
' Includes monocel red rubine and scarlet. 
' Includes fast yellow, golden yellow, and printing yellow. 

'' Does not include azoic dyes and their components that appear under "Dyes Grouped by Colour Index 
Number," and "Dyes Grouped by Prototype Number." 



94 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 
Toners and Lakes 



TABLE 15b. --Synf/ietic organic chemicals: Ton 
reported, i 



and lakes for which United States production or sales were 
titled by manufacturer , 1953 



[Toners and lakes for which separate statistics are given in table 15A are marked below with an asterisk 
(») ; those not so marked do not appear in table 15A because the reported data are confidential and may 
not be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from table 27. An X 
signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number with 
the designated product] 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



TONERS OR FULL-STRENGTH COLORS 



»Black toners: 
Aniline black- 

PMA black 

PTA black 



*Blue toners: 

■K-Alkali blue (C.I. 704)- 

Dianisidine blue 

Indanthrene blue- 



Indanthrene blue GCD (C.I. 1113) 

PTA Peacock blue GG- 



«PMA Peacock blue R (C.I. 6i>A) 

»PTA Peacock blue R (C.I. 664) 

*Phthalocyanine blue B (Pr. 481) 



Phthalocyanine blue B, resinated (Pr. 481)- 

Phthalocyanine blue G (Pr. 482) 

Phthalocyanine blue R 

Pigment blue WNL- 



»PMA Setoglaucine (Peacock blue G) (C.I. 658)- 
»PTA Setoglaucine (Peacock blue G) (C.I. 658)- 
»PMA Victoria blue B (C.I. 729)- 



»PTA Victoria blue B (C.I. 729) 

PMA Victoria blue R (C.I. 728) 

PTA Victoria blue R (C.I. 728) 

»PMA Victoria pure blue B (Pr. 198) 



«PTA Victoria pure blue B (Pr. 198)- 



All other 

Brown toners : 
Bismarck brown- 
PMA Brown 



Gun metal brown- 
Havana brown 

Para brown 



Toner browns 

»Green toners: 

*PMA Brilliant green (C.I. 662)- 
»PTA Brilliant green (C.I. 662)- 



662) and thioflavine 
662) and thioflavine 



657)- 
657)- 



PMA Brilliant green (C.I. 

(C.I. 815). 

PTA Brilliant green (C.I. 
(C.I. 815). 

*PMA Malachite green (C.I. 

■»PTA Malachite green (C.I. 



PMA Malachite green (C.I. 657) and thioflavine 

(C.I. 815). 
PTA Malachite green (C.I. 657) and thioflavine 

(C.I. 815). 
PTA Malachite green (C.I. 657) and auramine 

(C.I. 655). 
PMA Peacock blue GO and thioflavine (C.I. 815)- 

Pr. 483, Phthalocyanine green — 

»Pr; 149, Pigment green B 

All other 



»Maroon toners: 

Helio Bordeaux (C.I. 



84)- 



Helio Bordeaux BL <Pr. 110)- 
Helio fast rubine- 



*^-Hydroxynaphthoic maroon (B.O.N, maroon) 
(Lithol maroon) . 
Indanthrene maroon ______ 



Lithol red 3G, manganese toner- 
Naphthol AS-D (Pr. 306)- 



C . I . 82 , a -Naphthylamine maroon- 

*Toluidlne maroon 

All other 



»0range toners: 

^Benzidine orange — — 
Dianisidlne orange- 



»2,4-Dinitroanlline orange- 
Hansa orange- 



Lithosol fast orange R- 

Lithosol orange OTP 

•o-Nitroanlline orange-- 



537. 

406, 471, 500, 570. 

406, 471, 570. 

87, 172, 388, 464, 519, 521, 531. 

333, 376, 563. 

288. 

288, 333, 563. 

525. 

471, 500. 

119, 471, 525, 587, X. 

63, 87, 268, 277, 333, 376, 388, 424, 458, 464, 

521, 525, 531, 537, 550, 563. 
410. 
87. 
388. 
550. 

119, 282, 471, 500, 525. 

119, 282, 376, 439, 464, 471, 500, 525, 570, 587. 
103, 471, 500, 521. 

87, 333, 406, 410, 464, 471, 521, 537. 
406. 
376. 
119, 172, 282, 291, 388, 458, 471, 500, 525, 567, 

570, 587. 
87, 119, 291, 376, 388, 439, 458, 471, 500, 525, 

531, 563, 570, 587. 
424, 464, 471. 

570. 

63. 

424. 

103. 

288, 376. 

424. 

103, 388, 471, 500, 525, 570. 

119, 237, 282, 376, 464, 471, 500, 521, 525, 570, 

587. 

172, 291, 406, 439, 458, 471, 500, 525, 537, 570. 

87, 119, 172, 282, 291, 376, 388, 439, 458, 471, 

500, 521, 525, 537, 567, 570, 587. 
172, 291, 388, 439, 471, 570. 
87, 119, 282, 291, 388, 471, 500, 525, 537, 570, 

587. 
471. 

376, 567, 587. 



333, 388, 525, 537, 550, 568. 
87, 333, 521, 525, 537, 550, 567. 



87, 424, 525. 
119, 282. 

87, '288, 333, 391, 521, 525, 531, 537, 563. 

563. 

333. 

521, 525. 

525. 

87, 288, 333, 521, 525, 563, 567, 568. 

333. 



333, 458, 464, 521, 525, 563, 587. 
, 521, 525, 563. 
424, 464, 521, 525, 531, 537, 567. 



376, 439, 458, 521, 525, 531, 587. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



95 



TABLE ISB.- -Synthetic organic chemicals: Toners and lakes for which United States production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer , 1953- -Continued 



TONERS OR FULL-STRENGTH COLORS — Continued 



•Orange toners — Continued 
Vulcan fast orange GRN- 

•Hed toners: 

Bona arylamine- 



Brilliant red N (Red lake R) 

»o-Chloronitroanillne red (Chlorinated para red)- 



p-Chloronitroaniline red 

»Eosine (Bromo acid toner) (C.I. 768)- 
Helio fast pink RLA- 



Helio fast rubine 4BLA (Pr. «)6) — 

Helio red RMTA (Pr. 112) 

»Lithol red R (C.I. 189): 

•Barium toner — ——————— 



•Calcium toner- 



•Sodium toner 

All other 

Lithol red 2G (C.I. 166) — 
•Lithol rubine B (C.I. 163)- 



Lithosol red CSP 

Naphthoic red C 

•Naphthol AS (Pr. 302) 

•Naphthol AS-BS (Pr. 305) — 

•Naphthol AS-D (Pr. 306) — 

Naphthol AS-G (Pr. 309) — 

Naphthol AS-ITR (Pr. 310)- 

Naphthol AS-OL (Pr. 311) — 

•C.I. 44, Para red, light— 



•Para red, dark- 



•Permanent red 2B- 



Permanent red FKB — 

Permanent red FKR ex 

•Pigment rubine 3G 

Pigment scarlet 3B (C.I. 216)- 
Pyrazolone red — — . 

•Red lake C (C.I. 165) 

Red lake D (C.I. 214) 

•PMA Rhodamine B (C.I. 749) 

•PTA Rhodamine B (C.I. 749) 



•PMA Rhodamine 6G (Rhodamine Y) (C.I. 752)- 
•PTA Rhodamine 6G (Rhodamine Y) (c.I. 752)- 



PMA Rhodamine 6GDN- 
Hubine 3G 



Sulfanil red 

•C.I. 69, Toluidine red- 



p-Toluidine-m-Eulfonic acid-azo-,8-naphthol- 

•Vulcan fast red B (Pr. 476) 

Vulcan fast red BEE 

All other 



Violet toners: 

Indanthrene brilliant violet RR- 
•PMA Methyl violet B (C.I. 680) — 



•PTA Methyl violet B (C.I. 680) 

•Methyl violet B (C.I. 680), fugltive- 



•Yellcw toners: 

PMA Acetoacetanilid yellow- 
•Benzidine yellow 



Gentex yellows 

Hansa orange 

•Pr. 103, Hansa yellow G- 



Pr. 104, Hansa yellow 5G — 

•Pr. 105, Hansa yellow lOG- 

Hansa yellow 130 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



550. 

333, 521. 

563. 

87, 282, 376, 388, 410, 424, 439, 458, 464, 521, 

525, 531, 537, 567, 568, 587. 
333, 410, 521. 

172, 369, 439, 458, 464, 519, 537, 587. 
550. 
471. 
550. 

87, 103, 172, 282, 333, 376, 388, 439, 458, 464, 

521, 525, 531, 537, 567, 568, 587. 
87, 103, 172, 282, 333, 376, 388, 391, 439, 4'^8, 

464, 521, 525, 531, 537, 567, 568, 587. 
87, 376, 388, 439, 464, 521, 531, 568, 587. 
383. 

388, 521, 525. 
87, 288, 333, 376, 388, 439, 458, 471, 500, 521, 

525, 537, 563, 570, 587. 
333. 
464. 

87, 282, 388, 439, 464, 521, 525, 567, 570. 
87, 388, 439, 458, 464, 521, 525, 537. 
87, 282, 439, 458, 464, 521, 525, 587. 
87. 
87, 458, 521. 

87,'l03, 288, 376, 388, 391, 439, 464, 471, 521, 

525, 531, 537, 563, 567. 
87, 103, 172, 237, 288, 333, 376, 388, 391, 410, 

439, 464, 471, 521, 525, 531, 537, 563, 567, 

587. 
87, 282, 288, 333, 376, 388, 391, 439, 471, 521, 

525, 537, 563, 568, 587. 
550. 
550. 

87, 282, 288, 471, 521, 550, 570. 
282, 388, 471. 
333, 563. 
87, 103, 172, 282, 369, 376, 388, 439, 458, 464, 

521, 525, 531, 537, 563, 568, 587. 
172. 

87, 119, 172, 471, 525, 570. 
87, 103, 119, 282, 333, 388, 439, 458, 464, 471, 

500, 521, 525, 570, 587. 
87, 119, 471, 525, 537, 570, 587. 
87, 119, 232, 333, 388, 439, 458, 471, 500, 521, 

525, 537, 567, 570, 587. 
464. 
525. 
464. 
87, 103, 172, 237, 282, 288, 333, 376, 388, 391, 

410, 439, 458, 464, 521, 525, 531, 537, 563, 

567, 568, 587. 
333. 

376, 550, 563. 
550. 
87, 282, 424, 439, 471, 521, 550. 

333. 

87, 103, 119, 172, 388, 391, 406, 410, 458, 464, 

471, 500, 521, 525, 531, 537, 567, 570, 587. 
87, 119, 282, 333, 376, -388, 458, 464, 471, 521, 

525, 537, 563, 570, 587. 
76, 87, 172, 282, 376, 388, 458, 464, 471, 519, 

525, 531, 570, 587. 
550. 

537. 

87, 119, 172, 282, 333, 376, 388, 424, 439, 458, 

464, 519, 521, 525, 531, 537, 563, 587. 
550. 
563. 
87, 103, 282, 333, 376, 388, 391, 424, 439, 458, 

464, 521, 525, 537, 563, 567, 568, 587. 
87, 388, 424, 525, 567. 

87, 282, 388, 424, 458, 521, 525, 563, 567. 
563, 567. 



96 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 15b. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Toners and lakes for which United States production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, i953- -Continued 



Manuf actxirers ' Identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



TONERS OR FULL-STRENGTH COLORS — Continued 



»Yellow toners — Continued 
Pr. 280, Hansa -yellow 3R- 
Hansa yellow AR- 



Hanaa yellow, other—- 
Lithol fast yellow 30©- 
Lithol yellow G- 



Lithosol fast yellow 3GD- 

Vulcan fast yellows 

All other 



LAKES OR LAKED COLORS 



«Blaok lakes: 

Logwood black (C.I. 1253)- 

Nigrosine (C.I. $eA) 

True black — -— — — — — 
All other 

*Blue lakes: 



Alkali blue- 
Brilliant blue FCF- 



Brilllant wool blue FFR (Pr. 40)- 

Indanthrene blue GCD (C.I. 1113)- 

Indanthrene blue RS (C.I. 1106) — 

^Methylene blue (C.I. 922)- 



»Peacock blue, fugitive (Patent blue) (C.I. 671)- 



Peacock blue, permanent 

Phthalocyanine blue, sulfonated 

Setoglaucine (Peacock blue G) (C.I. 658)- 

Turquoise blue (C.I. 661) 

•Victoria blue B (C.I. 729)- 



*Victoria pure blue B (Pr. 198)- 

All other 

»Brown lakes: 



Bismarck brown G (C.I. 331)- 
»BiBmarck brown R (C.I. 332)- 

Indanthrene brown RY 

All other 



*Green lakes: 

■»Acid green B (C.I. 669)- 
Acid green G (C.I. 



Brilliant green (C.I. 662) 

Brilliant green (C.I. 662) and auramine 

(C.I. 655). 
Brilliant green (C.I. 662) and thioflavine 

(C.I. 815). 
Green lake C.P.S 



Light green SF (C.I. 670) 

•Malachite green (C.I. 657) 

Malachite green (C.I. 657) and auramine 

(C.I. 655). 
Malachite green (C.I. 657) and fast light yellow 

(C.I. 636). 
Naphthol yellow (C.I. 10) and peacock blue 
(C.I. 671)'. 

Phthalocyanine green 

Pigment green B (Pr. 149) 

Shamrock green 
All other 
Maroon lakes: 

Alizarin maroon (C.I. 1041) 

Amaranth (C.I. 184) 

»Azo Bordeaux (C.I. 88) 



»Helio fast rubine 4BL (Pr. 406)- 

Hypemic (C.I. 1243) 

Naphthol AS-OL (Pr. 311) 

Patent fast rubine FF 
All other 



Orange lakes: 
Acid orange R (C.I. 161)- 
^ -Naphthol- 



Naphthol AS-OL (Pr. 311)- 
Orange lake- 



»Persian orange (Acid orange Y) (Orange II) 
(C.I. 151). 
*Red lakes: 

•Alizarin red B (C.I. 1027) 



388, 521, 550. 

424. 

521, 531. 

333. 

550. 

333. 

550. 

388. 



i 



87, 


420, 


519, 


567. 










83, 


420. 














424. 
















119. 
















570. 
















87. 
















63. 
















525. 
















333. 
















119 


471 


567 


570 


587 








87, 


103, 


119, 


172, 


282, 


291, 


369 


, 376, 410, 458, 464 


471, 500, 525, 537, 567, 570, 


587. 


500. 
















63, 


83, 282. 












471 


570 














83, 


420, 


500, 


567. 










87, 


119, 


464, 


471, 


500, 


567. 






119 


282 


420 


471 


567 








471 
















282. 
















87, 


471, 


537, 


570. 










570 
















420, 


550 














87, 


282, 


471, 


500, 


567. 








567. 
















119 


471 


500 


537 










119 
















119, 


406 


570 












237 
















420 
















119 


471 


567 












570 

















Carmine (C.I. 1239)- 



63, 83, 521, 567, 570. 

521. 

439, 471, 525, 567. 

282, 424. 

87, 521. 

282, 333, 391, 406, 410, 464, 471, 521, 525, 537, 

567, 568. 
282, 288, 333, 388, 391, 410, 458, 467, 471, 521, 

525, 537, 563, 
525. 
63. 
467. 
63, 420, 587. 

103, 500, 525. 
63. 
103. 
237. 

87, 119, 172, 282, 369, 376, 420, 458, 464, 500, 
525, 537, 567, 570, 587. 

87, 119, 282, 333, 406, 424, 521, 525, 537, 563, 

587. 
87, 180. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



97 



TABLE ISB.- -Synthetic organic chemicals: Toners and lakes for which United States production or sales were 
reported , identified by manufacturer , l95J--Continued 



LAKES OR LAKED COLORS— Continued 

»Hed lakes — Continued 

Crocein scarlet 3BX (Cochineal lake) (C.I. 
»Eosine (Bromo acid lake) (C.I. 768) 

Fuchsine (Magenta) (C.I. 677) 

Lithol rubine B (C.I. 163) — 

Naphthol AS (Pr. 302) 

Naphthol AS-D (Pr. 306) 

"Permanent red 2B 



183)- 



Phloxine (C.I. 774) 

"Pigment scarlet 3B (C.I. 

Polar red (C.I. 430) — 
"Rhodamine B (C.I. 749)- 



216)- 



"Rhodamine 6G (Rhodamine Y) (C.I. 752)- 
Rose lake 



"Scarlet 2R (C.I. 79)- 



Searlet lake 

Sodium red lake C — — 

Toluidine red 

Vat pink (C.I. 1211)- 
All other 



"Violet lakes: 

Acid violet (C.I. 



Crystal violet (C.I. 681) 

Indanthrene red violet RH (C.I. 
Methyl violet- 



1212)- 



"Methyl violet B (C.I. 



Purple lake R 

Violet lake 

All other 

i^llow lakes: 
Auramine (C.I. 655)- 
Benzldine yellow- 



"Fast light yellow (C.I. 
Hansa yellow- 



Naphthol yellow S (C.I. 10) 

Quereitron (Flavlne) (C.I. 1251)- 

"Qulnollne yellow (C.I. 801) 

"Tartrazlne (C.I. 640) 



Thioflavine (C.I. 815)- 
All other 



REDUCED OR EXTENDED TONERS 



Blue toners, reduced: 
Halqponts- 



Indanthrene blue RS (C.I. 
Indanthrene blue, other- 



1106)- 



Indanthrene brilliant violet RR- 

"PMA Peacock blue R (C.I. 664) 

»PTA Peacock blue R (C.I. 664) 

"Pr. 481, Phthalocyanine blue B— 



Pr. 482, Phthalocyanine blue G- 

Phthalocyanine blue R 

Phthalocyanine blue, other- 



"PMA Setoglauclne (Peacock blue G) (C.I. 658)- 
*PTA Setoglaucine (Peacock blue G) (C.I. 658)- 

PMA Victoria blue B (C.I. 729) 

PTA Victoria blue B (C.I. 729) 

Victoria blue B, tannic- 



PMA Victoria blue R (C.I. 728) 

PTA Victoria blue R (C.I. 728) 

PMA Victoria pure blue B (Pr. 198)- 
PTA Victoria pure blue B (Pr. 198)- 
All other 



Brown toners, reduced:. Para brown- 
Green toners, reduced: 
"PMA Brilliant green (C.I. 662) — 
"PTA Brilliant green (C.I. 662)- 



PMA Brilliant green (C.I. 662) and auramine 

(C.I. 655). 

PMA Brilliant green (C.I. 662) and benzidine 

yellow. 

PMA Brilliant green (C.I. 662) and thioflavine 

(C.I. 815). 

PTA Brilliant green (C.I. 662) and thioflavine 

(C.I. 815). 

"PMA Malachite green (C.I. 657) 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



87. 

103, 282, 464, 525, 567. 

471, 567. 

87, 521„. 

63, 282, 567, 570. 

63, 521. 

282, 406, 471, 500, 567. 

376. 

87, 119, 282, 333, 410, 424, 471, 537, 570. 

570. 

458, 471, 500, 521, 570. 

63, 471, 525, 537, 567, 570. 

103, 237. 

87, 103, 282, 288, 333, 406, 410, 420, 464, 471, 521, 

525, 537, 567. 
237. 
464. 
63. 

87, 282, 570. 
63, 471. 

388, 420, 471, 570. 

471. 

63, 563. 

525. 

87, 119, 282, 420, 439, 458, 464, 471, 500, 537 567* 

570. 
424. 

237, 458. 
388, 471. 

119, 570. 

500, 521. 

83, 87, 388, 458, 464, 500, 537. 

63. 

87, 500. 

525. 

87, 172, 369, 458, 500, 525, 587. 

87, 103, 119, 282, 369, 376, 458, 464, 500, 525, 567, 

587. 
525. 
525. 



333. 

333. 

563. 

333. 

119, 388, 471, 525, 570. 

471, 500, 525, 570, 587. 

87, 277, 333, 406, 410, 464, 521, 525, 537, 563, 567, 

570. 
567. 
333. 
87. 

119, 471, 519, 570. 
471, 525, 537, 570, 587. 
471, 570. 
87, 471, 537. 
406. 
525. 
525. 

119, 388, 458, 471, 519, 525, 570. 
87, 420, 471. 
388, 471. 
119, 521. 

119, 333, 471, 519, 525, 570. 

471, 519, 525. 

119. 

458. 

119, 537. 

119, 333, 410, 537, 567, 570. 

420, 471. 



98 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 15B.- -Synthetic organic chemicals: Toners and lakes for which United States production or sales were 
reported, identified by matufacturer , i 953 --Continued 



REDUCED OR EXTENDED TONERS — Continued 

Green toners, reduced — Continued 
*PTA Malachite green (C.I. 657) 



PMA Malachite green (C.I. 657) and thioflavine 

(C.I. 815). 
PTA Malachite green (C.I. 657) and thioflavine 

(C.I. 815). 

Pr. 483, Phthalocyanine green 

Pigment green B (Pr. 14-9) 

Shamrock green 

All other 



Maroon toners, reduced: 

Bona arylamine 

/3-Hydroxynaphthoio maroon (B.O.N, maroon) 
(Lithol maroon) . 

Lithol red 3G, manganese 

Paraphenetidin maroon — — 

Orange toners, reduced: 

Dianisidine orange • 

2,4-Dinitroaiiiline orange 

»o-Nitroanillne orange 

»Red toners, reduced: 

o-Chloronitroaniline red (Chlorinated para red) — 

Eosine (Bromo acid toner) (C.I. 768) 

Halqponts- 



Lithol red 2G (C.] 

»Lithol red R (C.I, 

Barium toner 



. 166)- 
189): 



Calcium toner- 
Sodium toner- 



Lithol rubine B (C.I. 163)- 
*Naphthol AS-BS (Pr. 305) — 
»C.I. AA, Para red, light — 
»Para red, dark 

Permanent red 2B— - ■ ■---■ 

Red lake C (C.I. 165)- 
*PMA Rhodamine B (C.I. 
»PTA Rhodamine B (C.I. 

PMA Rhodamine B (C.I. 
(C.I. 655). 

PMA Rhodamine B (C.I. 749) and 6G (C.I. 

Rhodamine B, tannic 

»PMA Rhodamine 6G (C.I. 752) 

«PTA Rhodamine 6G (C.I. 752) 

Rubine 3G • ' 

•»C.I. 69, Toluldine red 

All other 



749) 

749) 

749) and auramin 



752)- 



682)- 



Violet toners, reduced: 
»PMA Ethyl violet (C.I 
Haloponts ■ 

»PMA Methyl violet B (C.I. 680) 

»PTA Methyl violet B (C.I. 680) 

Methyl violet B (C.I. 680), fugitive- 
Yellow toners, reduced: 
•Benzidine yellow- 



Pr. 103, Hansa yellow G 

Pr. 104, Hansa yellow 5G 

Pr. 105, Hansa yellow lOG 

Indanthrene yellow GK (C.I. 1132)- 
Lithol fast yellow 3GD 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



87, 471, 500, 570. 
525, 570. 

420, 570. 

87, 333, 406, 537, 563, 567, 570. 
333, 550. 
521, 567. 
525. 

333. 
333. 

333. 

410. 

333. 
570. 
410, 521, 525, 570. 

567. 
282. 
333. 
388. 

87, 282, 406, 439, 458, 537, 570, 537. 

87, 439, 458, 570. 

410, 439. 

333, 471, 500, 525, 537, 587. 

388, 464, 537, 567. 

87, 103, 391, 471, 525, 567, 570. 

87, 103, 172, 247, 391, 406, 410, 439, 471, 525. 

87, 333, 388, 410, 439, 471, 537. 

282, 410, 439. 

119, 471, 500, 519, 570. 

119, 333, 471, 537. 

458. 

458. 

406. 

119, 471, 519, 570, 587. 

87, 333, 420, 471, 525, 537, 567. 

537. 

87, 333, 406, 410, 420, 521, 525, 567, 570. 

439, 471. 

433, 519, 525, 570. 

333. 

87, 388, 458, 471, 519, 525, 567, 570. 

87, 119, 471, 587. 

406, 458, 471. 

87, 333, 458, 464, 519, 521, 525, 563, 570. 

333, 521, 525, 537, 570. 

525, 567, 570. 

333, 570. 

458. 

333, 388. 



I 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, I953 
Medicinals 



TABLE 17B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals lor which United States production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1953 

[Medicinals for which separate statistics are given in table 17A are marked below with an asterisk (»); 
medicinals not so marked do not appear in table 17A because the reported data are confidential and may 
not be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from table 27. An X 
signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number with 
the designated product] 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC 

Benienoid 

Ij-i-Aeetamidophenyl salicylate (Phenetsal) 

Acetanilide 

Aeetarsone (N-Aeetyl-4-hydroxy-m-arsanilic acid) 
(Stovarsol ) . 

4- Acetoxy-m-arsanllio acid (Nemural) 

Acetylglycol salicylate 

»Acetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin ) 

"Adrenaline (Epinephrine ) 

»Amino acids: 

3,5-Diiodotyrosine 

d-Phenylalanine 

dl-Phenylalanine 

1-Phenylalanine 

dl- Tyrosine 

1-Tyrosine — ~— — 

2-Amino-4-arsenosophenol (Mapharsen) hydrochloride-^ 

»p-Aminobenzoic acid 

»p-Aminobenzoic acid derivatives: 

2-Amylaminoethyl p-aminobenzoate (Anorlsine) 

»Benzooaine (Ethyl p-aminobenzoate) 

Butaoaine (3-Di-n-butylaiiiinopropyl p-amino- 
benzoate) base. 

Butac aine sulfate 

Butesin (n-Butyl p-aminobenzoate ) __—_—— 

Butesln piorate (Di(n-butyl p-aminobenzoate )tri- 
nitrophenol ) . 

Isobutyl p-aminobenzoate (Cycloform) 

2-Isobutylaminoethyl p-aminobenzoate (Unacalne) 

(Monocaine) . 
"Procaine base (2-Diethylaminoethyl p-amino- 
benzoate) (Novooaine base). 

"Procaine hydrochloride 

Propyl p-aminobenzoate 

Tetracaine (2-0imethylaminoethyl p-butylamino- 
benzoate) base and hydrochloride. 
»p-Aminobenzolc acid salts: 

Calcium p-aminobenzoate 

Magnesium p-aminobenzoate 

Potassium p-aminobenzoate 

Sodium p-aminobenzoate 

p-Aminohippurie acid 

A-Amino-2 -methyl- 1-naphthol hydrochloride (Synkamin) 

•4-Aminoaalicylio acid 

»'»-Aminosalioylic acid salts: 

Calcium i-aminosalicylate 

Sod ium ^-aminosalicylate 

sec-Anyl tricresol 

Anisoin {A, U' -Dimethoxybenzoin ) 

1, 8, 9-Anthratriol (Anthralin ) 

Antihistamines: 

2-(Benzhydryloxy)-N, N-dimethylethylamine 

(Benadryl) hydrochloride - 
N,N-Dimethyl-2-(a^henyl-o-toloxy)ethylamine 
dihydrogen citrate. 

Benzaldehyde — - — - — -__——— _ 

Benzestrol [ 2, 4-Dl (p-hydroxyphenyl )-3-ethylhexane] — 

Benzoic acid——-- — — — - — 

Benzoic acid salts: 

Calcium benzoate 

Lithium benzoate 

N-Benzyl-fl-chloropropionamide (Hlbicon) 

p-Benzylphenyl carbamate (Diphenan) 

Benzyl succ Inate— ~ — — — _ — 

"Bismuth subgallate 

"Bismuth subsalicylate 

Bis (4-nitrophenyl ) disulfide 

p-Bromobenzyl bromide 

o-Bromolsovaleryl-p-phenetidine 

N-Butylaoetanllide 

6-tert-Butyl-A-chloro-m-oresol (2-tert-Butyl-/4.- 
chloro-5-methylphenol ) . 



198. 

132, 245. 
376, 379, 565. 

379. 

431. 

129, 173, 245, 376, U8, 546. 

379, 381, 394, 400, 562, X. 



133, 


468 










379, 


462 










448, 


558 










462. 












448. 












171, 


445, 


558. 








400. 












27, 


78, 132, 360, 389, 


527. 


22. 












343, 


394, 


431, 


565 






280, 


565. 










565. 












565. 












381, 


565. 










78, 


431. 










22. 












27, 


379, 


389, 


565. 






27, 


132, 


325, 


379, 


389 


565. 


431 












379, 


431, 


468 








389 












389 












78, 


360, 


389. 








27, 


78, 132, 360, 389, 


394, 527 


527. 












400, 


506 










198, 


360, 


400, 


464 






464 












198, 


360 


400, 


464 






X. 












187, 


442 










565 












400 












238. 












397. 












203. 












245. 












397. 












274, 


360 










464. 












78, 


163, 


468. 








586. 












231 


267 


281 


415 


515. 


129, 


231 


267 


515 






464 












468 












198, 


494 










431 












206 













100 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 17B^ --Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which United States production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , i95J- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Benzenoid — Continued 

tert-Butyloresol 

Calcium cresolsulfonate 

Carbasone (p-Carbamidobenzenearsonic acid) 

Carbobenzoxy chloride 

Chloramine T (Sodium p-toluenesulfonohlor amide ) 

Chloromerouri-A-nitro-o-oresol 

Chlorosalicylanilide 

Chlorothymol 

Chlorotris (p-methoxyphenyl ) ethylene (Tri-p-anisyl- 

ohloroethylene ) . 
"i-Chloro-SjS-xylenol (3,5-Dimethyl-A-ohlorophenol)- 

Citryl-p-phenetidlne ~ 

m-Cresyl acetate (Cresatin) 

p-(Cyclohexyloxy)benzoio acid 

p, p'-Diaminodiphenylsulfone-N, N'-di (dextrose sodium 
sulfonate ) . 

2, 5-Diaminotoluene sulfate — 

5,3' -Dichlorosalioylanilide 

5,4'-Dichlorosalicylanilide — — 

a-Diethylamino-2,6-acetoxylidine 

2-Diethylaminoethyl diphenylacetate hydrochloride — 
^-Diethylamlnoethyl diphenylthioacetate hydro- 
chloride. 
N-Diethylaminoethyl isoamyl phenyl glycinate 
dihydrochloride . 

P»P'-(lj2-Diethylethylene)diphenol (Hexestrol) 

p,p'-(l,2-Dlethylethylene)diphenol (Hexestrol) 
dipropionate. 
*a,a ' -Diethyl-i, A' -stilbenediol ( Diethylstilbestrol ) 

a,a.'-Diethyl-4,i' -stilbenediol dipropionate 

3, 4-Dlhydroxynorephedrine (3, A-Dihydroxyphenyl- 

propanolamine ) hydrochloride . 
^-(3,5-Diiodo-4~hydroxyphenyl)-a-hydratropic acid — 
6-Dimethylamino-4, 4-diphenyl-3-heptanone hydro- 
chloride (Dolophine) (Methadone). 

■y-Dimethylamino-ajO-diphenylvaleramide 

^-Dlmethylaminoethyl(l-hydroxycyclopentyl) phenyl 
acetate (Cyclopentolate) hydrochloride. 

Dimethylamlnopyrocatechol 

Dimethyl-3-hydroxyphenylnmmnnium chloride 

»N,a-Dimethylphenethylamlne (Desoxyephedrine) base — 

*d-N, a-Dimethylphenethylamine hydrochloride 

»N, a-Dimethylphenethylamine hydrochloride 

Dimethyl-p-toluidine 

Diphenylacetic acid 

Diphenylacetyldiethylamlnoethanol hydrochloride 

p-(Di-N-propylsulfamyl)benzoio acid (Benemid) 

Dithiosalicylic acid 

*Dyes, medicinal: 

Acrlf lavine (3, 6-Diamino-lO-methylaorldine 

chloride ) . 
2, -i-Diamino-A'- -ethoxyazobenzene hydrochloride 
(Serenium). 

Gentian violet— __• — 

Merbromin ( Dibromohydroxymerourif luoresoein, 
sodium salt). 

Methylene blue 

Methyl violet 

Proflavine (3,6-Diaminoacridine sulfate) 

Scarlet red (Phenol red)- — 

Sulfobromophthalein, sodium —«_____ 

Tetraiodophenolphthalein and sodium salt 

Trypan blue 

All other 

1-Ephedrlne (o-(l-Methylaminoethyl)benzyl alcohol)- 

Ephedrine, racemic — 

4-Ethoxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde 

4-Ethoxy-3-methoxyphenylaoetic acid— ~ 

N-Ethyl-3,3'-diphenyldipropylamine 

N-Ethyl-3, 3 ' -diphenyldipropylamine citrate 

N-Ethyl-3,3'-diphenyldipropylamine hydrochloride 

Ethylene glycol salicylate 

N-Ethylephedrlne hydrochloride 

Ethyl (lodophenyl)hendecanoate (Pantopaque) 

Gallic acid 

Oentisic acid (2,5-Dlhydroxybenzoio acid) and 
derivatives: 
Gentislc acid 



431. 

360. 

78, 442, 468. 

468. 

245. 

565. 

591. 

515, 520. 

289. 

206. 
360. 
444. 
442. 
400. 

498. 

591. 

591. 

6. 

468. 

597. 



506. 
506. 

187, 360, 442, 506. 

187, 506. 

379. 

290, 457. 
442, 515. 

238. 
203. 

300. 

452. 

198, 324. 

542. 

198, 324, 542. 

468. 

389. 

336, 431. 

245, 4^4, 468, 542. 

442. 

527, 565. 



527. 




126, 


360 


464, 


527 


527. 




527, 


565 


527. 




599. 




527. 




527. 




527. 




515. 




515. 




442. 




442. 




187, 


431 


187, 


431 


187. 




431. 




289. 




498. 




231. 




431, 


542. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



101 



TABLE 17B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinais for which United States producti 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , J95J- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 
Benzenoid — Continued 

Gentisio acid (2,5-Dihydroxybenzoic acid) and 
derivatives — Continued 

Oentisic acid, sodium salt 

N-2-Hydroxyethylgentisamide (Oentisic acid amide 
of ethanolamine ) . 

Guaiaool, liquid and ciystalline 

Hexyl-ra-cresol 

Hexylresoroinol 

Hydroquinone n-amyl ether (Amol) 

p-Hydroxyaoetanilide 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid esters: 

Benzyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

n-Butyl p-hydroxybenzoate (Butoben) • 

Ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

♦Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

»Propyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

^-Hydroxy -5-( 2, 5-dimethoxyphenyl) isopropylamine 

hydrochloride ( Methoxamine ) . 
Hydroxyinercuri-4-nitro-o-oresol anhydride (Metaphen) 

4— Hydroxy -3-nitrobenzenearsonic acid 

L-l-(m-Hydroxyphenyl ) -2-amino-l-propanol hydrogen 

d -tartrate ( Axamine ) . 
/5-(<i-Hydroxyphenyl)-a-phenylpropionic acid ($-H- 
Hydroxyphenyl)hydratropic acid) . 

p-Hydroxypropiophenone (Hydrophen) 

o-Iodobenzoic acid 

a-(Isopropylaminomethyl)protocatechuyl alcohol 
(Aleudrine ) . 

Mandelic acid (Phenylglycollc acid) 

Mandelic acid derivatives: 

Calcium mandelate 

N-2-Hydroxyethylmandelamide 

o-Methoxy-N,a-dimethylphenethylamine ( l-(o-Methoxy- 

phenyl) -2-methylaminopropane) hydrochloride . 
3-Methoxy-N-(a -methylhomoveratryl ) -p-acetopheneti- 

dide, 
3-(o-Methoxyphenoxy) -1,2 -propanediol (Glyceryl 
guaiaoyl ether). 

N-Methylacetanilide ( Exolgin ) 

Methylenebis [octylcresol] 

5, 5' -Methylenedisalioylic acid 

*a-Methylphenethylamine (Amphetamine) (Benzedrine) 

base. 
*a-Methylphenethylamine salts: 

a-Methylphenethylamine hydrochloride 

a-Methylphenethylamine phosphate 

a-Methylphenethylamine sulfate 

d -a-Methylphenethylamine sulfate 

2,,7-Naphthalenediol (2,7-Dihydroxynaphthalene) 

2-Naphthol (yS-Naphthol ) 

2-Naphthyl benzoate 

N-(1-Naphthyl)ethylenediamine hydrochloride 

Neosynephrine (Phenylephrine) hydrochloride 

p-Nitrobenzenearsonic acid 

'♦-(2-Nitrophenyl)veratrole (l-(3,'4-Dimethoxyphenyl)- 
2-nitropropene-l) . 

Norephedrine (Propadrine) hydrochloride 

Octylcresol 

Ootylresorcinol 

Paredrine (p-Itydroxy-a-methylphenethylamine) hydro- 
bromide. 
Phenacaine [(Di-p-ethoxyphenyl)acetamidine] hydro- 
chloride. 

Phenacetin ( Ace tophenetid in ) ! 

[y-Phenenyltris ( oxyethylene ) ] -tris [triethylammonlum 
iodide] . 

Phenolphthalein 

Phenolsulfonlc acid salts: 

Calcium phenolsulf onate ■ " --■ ■■ - 

Copper phenolsulf onate 

Sodium phenolsulf onate 

Zinc phenolsulfonate - ■■- . i - 

2 J'henyl-1 , 3-indandione 

•Phenylmarcurio derivatives : 

o-Chloromercuriphenol ( o-Hydroxyphenylmercuric 
chloride ) . 

Phenylmercuric acetate 

Phenylmercur ic benzoate 

Phenylmercuric borate 

Phenylmercuric chloride ~ 

Phenylmercuric nitrate 

4-Phenylsemicarbazlde hydrochloride 



360, 


431, 


542. 


«1. 






245, 


397. 




444. 






132, 


444, 


542. 


444. 






198. 






397, 


431. 




360, 


397, 


431. 


360, 


397, 


431. 


78, 


360, 


397, 431. 


360, 


397, 


431. 


163. 






381, 


442, 


565. 



198. 
468. 
187, 



231. 
442. 
198. 



394, 442. 



442. 

78, 360, 431, 468. 

78. 

591. 

397. 

47, 198, 308, 343, 442, 542. 



198, 542. 

198. 

198, 308, 542. 

308. 

468. 

591. 

360, 494, 515. 

468. 

360, 381, 394, 591. 

X. 

442. 

444. 
591. 
591. 
308. 

280, 379, 394. 

245, 389, 431, 448. 
464. 

245. 

231, 515. 
23i; 
231. 

231, 515. 
187, 203. 

163, 599, X. 

211. 

211, 325. 

211, 325. 

211, 325. 

211, 325. 
468. 



102 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

■Synthetic organic chemicals: Medlclnals for which United States production or sale 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , J95J- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 
Benzeno id- -Continued 

Propenyl methyl guaethol 

Prostigmine (Neostigmine) bromide 

»Prostigmine (Neostigmine) methyl sulfate 

♦Resorcinol monoacetate 

*Salicylamide 

♦Salicylic acid 

♦Salicylic acid salts: 

Ammonium salicylate 

♦Calcium salicylate 

Lithium salicylate 

Magnesium salicylate 

Manganese salicylate 

♦Sodium salicylate 

Strontium salicylate 

Salicyl salicylate (Salysal) 

Salol (Phenyl salicylate) 

♦Silver piorate 

Sodium antimony III biscatechol-2,<i-disulfonate 
(Fouadin). 

Sodium benzyl succinate 

♦Sodium ethylmercurithiosalicylate 

Sodium o-iodohippurate dihydrate (Hippuran) 

Sodium methylenesulfonaminohydroxyphenyl arsenate 
(Aldarsone). 

Stilbamine glucoside (Neostam) 

♦Sulfa drugs: 

Benzoylsulfanilamide 

Benzoylsulfanilamide, sodium salt 

p-Benzylaminobenzenesulfonamide 

N''--(3,'i-Dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl)sulfanilamide 

■i -(3 , <i-Dime th^l -5-isoxazolylsulf amoyl ) - 
acetanllide. 

2-Methyl-l,3,'i,5-sulfanilamidothiadiazole 

Neo-Prontosil "S" 

Nisulfazole 

P-(p-Nitiophenylsulfonajnido)acetanilide 

(N''-Acetyl-N'-('i-nitrophenyl)sulfanilamide). 

N''-Phthalylsulfaacetamide 

Phthalylsulfathiazole 

Prontosil soluble (Disodium 4-sulfaminophenyl-2- 
azo-7-acetylamino-l-hydroxynaphthalene-3,6- 
disulfonate). 

Sulfadiazine 

Sulfadiazine, sodium salt 

Sulfaguanidine 

Sulfallantoin 

Sulfamerazine (2-Sulfanilajiiide-4-methylpyrimi- 
dine). 

Sulfamerazine, sodium salt 

Sulfamethazine (Sulf adimethyldiazine ) 

Sulfanilamide (p-Aminobenzenesulfonamide) 

Sulf anllanilide { N^-Phenylsulf anilamide ) 

N-Sulf anilylacetamlde (Sulf aacetamide ) 

N-Sulfanilylacetamide, sodium salt 

Sulfapyridine 

Sulfapyridine, sodium salt 

Sulfaquinoxaline 

Sulfasuxidine (Succinylsulfathiazole) 

Sulfathiazole 

Sulfathiazole, sodium salt 

(Sulfonylbis(p-phenyleneimino))dimethanesulfinic 

acid^ disodium salt (Diasone). 
"ij-i'-Sulfonyldianiline (4,4' -Diaminodlphenyl- 
sulf one ) . 

Tannin albuminate (Tannalbln) 

Thiosalicylic acid 

Thymol 

♦Thymol iodide 

•3-o-Toloxy-l,2-propanediol (o-Cresyl a-glyceryl 
ether). 

Trithlo(p-niethoxyphenyl)propene 

♦Vitamins: 

K (Menadione) (2-Methyl-l,';-naphthoqulnone) 

K (Menadione), sodium bisulfite 

K (2-Methyl-l,4-naphthoqulnone-diphosphorlc 
ester tetrasodlum salt). 

Ki (2-Methyl-3-phytyl-l,4-naphthoquinone) 

Zinc sulfanilate (Nizln) 



452, 468, 514, 542. 




468, 514, 542. 




47, 360, 498, 586, 591. 




245, 324, 360, 389, 504, 542, 600 


245, 376, 397, 448. 




231, 267, 360. 




231, 360, 397, 448. 




75, 274. 




231. 




397. 




245, 397, 448. 




231, 448. 




421. 




448. 




78, 468, 564. 




379. 




389, 586. 




381, 442, 506, 514. 




231. 




565. 




163. 




464. 




464. 




379. 




452. 




452. 




464. 




379. 




379. 




X. 




389, 457, 464. 




245, 290. 




379. 




464. 




464. 




464. 




174. 




464. 




464. 




464, 495. 




245, 464, 515. 




X. 




78, 245, 389, 457. 




389, 457. 




464, 515. 




464, 515. 




515. 




245, 290. 




442, 464, 515. 




464, 515, 522. 




565. 




X. 




360, 591. 




442, 514. 




229, 323, 520. 




231, 267, 515. 




198, 360, 431, 494, 542. 




591. 




^7, 394, 506, 542, 565. 




506. 




452. 




515. 




163. 





SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1933 

TABLE 17B.--Synt/ietjc organic chemicals: Hedicinals for which United States production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1953- -Continued 



103 



MEDICINAIS, CYCLIC— Continued 



All 



id Httt 



5-Aoetamido-l,3,4-thiodiazole-2-sulfonamicle 

Adenine, base and hydrochloride 

Adenine sulfate 

Adenosine 

Adenosinediphosphorio acid 

Adenosinediphosphoric acid, barium salt 

Adenosine-5-phosphoric acid 

Adenosinetriphosphoric acid and salt 

Adenylic acid 

Adenylic acid, isomers A and B 

♦Alkaloids and related products: 

Arecoline (Methyl 1,2,5,6-tetrahydromethyl- 
niootinate) t^rdrobromide. 

Atropine 

Atropine amineoxide hydrochloride 

■^erberine base and hydrochloride 

Brucine 

Cinchonidine 

Cinchonine 

Colchicine 

Digifolin 

Digitalin 

Digitonin 

Digitoxin 

Digoxin 

Emetine 

Ergonovine maleate 

Eser ine ( Physostlgmine ) 

Eserine salicylate 

Eucatropine hydrochloride 

*Homatropine and salts 

Horaatropine methyl bromide 

Hydrastine 

Hydrastine hydrochloride 

dl-3-Hydroxy-N-methylmorphinan hydrobromide 

1-3-Hydroxy-N-methylmorphinan tartrate 

Hyosoine (Scopolamine) 

i^oscine (Scopolamine) amineoxide hydrobromide 

Hyoscyamine 

Ifyoscyamine sulfate 

Nicotine 

Pilocarpine hydrochloride 

Pilocarpine nitrate 

ftainidine 

Quinine 

Reserpine 

Strychnine 

Totaquine 

Yohimbine 



Allantoin ( 5-Ureidohydantoin) 

♦Amino acids: 

Histamine , base 

Histamine dihydrochloride 

Histamine phosphate — 

Histidine monohydroohloride 

dl -Tryptophane 

l-Tryptophane 

9-Aminoacridine hydrochloride 

Z-Amino-S-nitrothiazole ( Enheptin ) 

♦Antibiotics for human or veterinary use: 

Actidione 

♦Bacitracin 

Carbomycin (Magnamycin) 

Chloroamphenicol ( Chloromycetin ) 

Chlortetracyoline (Aureomycin) hydrochloride 

♦Dihydrostreptomycln 

Erythromycin 

Fumagillln 

Neomycin 

Oxytetracyoline ( Terramycin ) 

♦Penicillin salts: 

Chloroprocaine penicillin "0" 

♦Dipeniclllin G dlbenzylethylenediamine 

Penicillin calcium 

Penicillin 1-ephenamine 

♦Penicillin potassium 

■Penicillin "0" potassium (Allylmercaptomethyl 
derivative) . 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



464. 

462. 

462, 498. 

462. 

340. 

462. 

340, 462. 

340, 462. 

462. 

462. 



600. 
562, 565, 



565, 600. 



421. 

299, 
513. 
299, 
299. 
515. 
515. 
299, 
336. 
299, 
591, 
,606. 
163. 
600. 
163. 
299. 
600. 
280. 
187, 
187, 
299, 
600. 
452. 
452. 
299, 
513, 
299, 
562. 
600. 
299, 
562, 
600. 
515. 
336. 
515. 
515, 
299, 
174, 

42. 

452. 

42. 

468, 558. 

379, 448, 558. 

558. 

431. 

464. 



600. 
600. 



299, 515. 

299, 360, 419, 515. 

600. 



600. 
600. 
600. 



600. 
600. 



600. 
600. 
591. 



415, 600. 
400. 



367, 
415. 
245, 
464. 
116, 
442, 
565. 
397, 
415. 

X. 

238, 415, 442, 564. 

X. 

367. 

116, 152,238, 367, 397, 415, 442,515, 522, 564, 565, X. 

X. 



238, 397, 415, 442, 515, 522, 565. 
565, X. 



600, X. 



104 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

TABLE 17B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Kedicinals for which United States proddctiat or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , /953--Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MEDICINAI£, CYCLIC— Continued 

Alicyclic and fleterocyc J ic- -Continued 

^Antibiotics for human or veterinary use — Continued 
♦Penicillin salts — Continued 

♦Penicillin procaine 

♦Penicillin sodium 

Polymyxin 

♦Streptomycin— 

Tetracycline (Achromycin) 

lyrothricin (Gramicidin) 

Viomycin 

♦Antibiotics for animal feed supplements: 

Bacitracin 

Chlortetraoycline (Aureomycin) hydrochloride 

Oxytetracycline ( Terramycin ) 

Penicillin salts: 

Dipenicillin G dibenzylethylenediamine 

Penicillin procaine 

♦Antihistamines : 

2-(Benzhydryloxy)-N,N-dimethylethylamine 8- 

chlorotheophyllinate . 
2-[Benzyl (2-dimethylaminoethyl ) amino] pyridine 

( N,N-Dlmethyl-N' -benzyl -N' -pyridylethylene- 

diamine). 
l-('i-Chlorobenzhydryl)-4Mnethylpiperazine hydro- 
chloride . 
2- [l-(p-Chlorophenyl ) -3-dimethylaminopropyl ] - 

pyridine maleate (Chlorophenylpyridamine 

maleate). 
l-(p-Chlorophenyl) -2 -phenyl -4-pyrrolidyl-l-butene 

diphosphate and hydrochloride. 
l-(p-Chlorophenyl)-2-phenyl-4-pyrrolidyl- 

2 -butanol . 
2 - [ ( 5-Chloro -2 -thenyl } ( 2-dimethylaminoethyl )- 

amino] pyridine citrate (N,N-Dimethyl-N'2- 

pyridyl-N'2-( 5-chlorothenyl) ethylenediamine 

citrate). 
2 - [ a- ( 2-Dimethylaminoethoxy )-a-»ethylbenzyl ]- 

pyridine succinate (2-(Methyl-2'-dimethylamino- 

ethoxybenzyl)pyridine succinate). 
2-[(2-Dimethylaminoethyl) (p-methoxybenzyl) amino] - 

pyridine maleate. 
2 - [ ( 2 -Dimethylaminoethyl ) ( p-methoxybenzyl ) amino] - 

pyrimidine (N, N-Dimethyl-N'-p-methoxybenzyim- 

2-pyrimidylethylenediamine ) . 
2- [(2-Dimethylaminoethyl)thenylamino ]pyridine 

fumarate (N,N-Dimethyl-N'2-pyridyl-N'2-thenyl- 

ethylened i amine fumarate ) . 
2- [( 2 -Dimethylaminoethyl ) thenylamino] pyridine 

hydrochloride (N,N-Dimethyl-N'2-pyrldyl-N'2- 

thenylethylenediamine hydrochloride ) . 
2- p-CDimethylamino) -1-phenylpropyl] pyridine 

(1 -Phenyl -l-(2-pyridyl)-3-dimethylamino- 

propane ) . 
2- [3-(Dlmethylamino ) -1-phenylpropyl] pyridine 

maleate (Prophenpyridamine maleate). 
2-Methyl-9-phenyl-2,3,<i,9-tetrahydro-l-pyridin- 

dene hydrogen tartrate. 
N-(l-Pyrrolidyl)ethylphenothiazine hydrochloride— 

Antipyrine ( 1, 5-Dimethyl -2 -phenyl -3-pyrazolone ) 

Barbituric acid 

♦Barbituric acid derivatives: 

5-Allyl-5-(2-cyclopenten-l-yl)barbituric acid 

and salt (Cyolopal). 

5-Allyl-5-isobutylbarbiturlc acid (Sandoptal) 

5-Allyl-5-isopropylbarblturic acid (Alurate) 

♦5-Allyl-5-(l-methylbutyl)barbiturio acid and salt- 

(Secobarbital). 
5-Allyl-5-phenylbarbiturio acid and salt 

(Alphenal). 

5-n-Butyl-5-ethylbarblturio acid (Neonal) 

5-sec-Butyl-5-€thylbarblturic acid and sodium 

salt. 
5-( 1-Cyolohexen-l-yl ) -1, 5-dlmethylbarbiturio 

acid (Evipal). 
5-( l-Cyclohexen-l-yl)-l, 5-<3imethylbarbituric 

acid, sodium salt. 
5-(l-Cyclohexen-l-yl)-5-ethylbarbiturlc acid 

and salt. 



116, 152, 238, 367, 397, -VIS, <W2, 515, 522, 564, 

565, X. 
238, 367, 397, 415, 515, X. 
415. 

116, 238, 397, 415, 442, 515, 522. 
397, 464. 
600. 
415. 

340, 367, 600. 

464. 

415. 

415. 

152, 238, 397, 415, 515, 565. 

547. 

336. 

565. 

457. 

442. 
442. 
245. 



281, 289. 

515. 
205. 

245, 565. 

245, 379, 565. 



457. 
452. 

X. 

448. 
266, 



198. 
452. 
343, 



565. 
198, 

379. 

379. 

379. 



381, 394, 442, 494. 



343, 360, 381, 394, 442, 565. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 105 

TABLE IIB. --Synthetic organic chemicaia: Kedicinals for which United States production or aalea 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , J953--Continued 



Manufacturers' Identification numbers 
(according to list In table 27) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Alicyclic and Heterocyc lic--Continued 

♦Barbituric acid derivatives — Continued 

5, 5-Diallylbarblturic acid (Dial) 

*5, 5-Diethylbarblturlo acid (Barbital) and salt: 

5, 5-Diethylbarbituric acid 

5, 5-Diethylbarblturlc acid, sodium salt 

5-Ethyl-5-isoamylbarbituric acid and salt 
(Amytal). 

5-Ethyl-5-lsopropylbarblturio acid and salt 

5-Ethyl-5-(l-methyl-l-butenyl)barbiturlo acid 
(Delvinal). 
»5, 5-Ethyl-5-(l-methylbutyl)barbituric acid 
(Pentobarbital) and salts: 

5-Ethyl-5-(l-methylbutyl)barbiturio acid 

5-Ethyl-5-(l-metl^lbutyl)barbituric acid, 

calcium salt. 
5-Ethyl-5-(l-methylbutyl)barblturic aold, 
sodium salt. 
5-Ethyl-5-(lHnethylbutyl)-2-thiobarbiturio acid 

and salt ( Pentothal ) . 
5-Ethyl-lHnethyl-5-phenylbarbiturlo acid 
(Mephobarbital) . 
*5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbiturio acid (Fhenobarbital) 

( Luminal ) . 
*5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbituric aold, salts: 

5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbiturlc acid, calcium salt 

5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbiturio acid, sodium salt 

Barium inosinate 

5, 6-Benzoqulnollne 

3-Benzyl-lHnethyl-s -undecylimidazollum bromide 

«Bile acids and salts: 

Bilirubin 

Bilron 

•Cholio acid 

»Dehydrocholio acid 

Dehydrooholio acid, sodium salt 

*Desoxycholio acid 

( Ketooholanic acids 

Methyl hyodesoxycholate 

Mixed bile acids, extracted 

Mixed oxidized bile acids 

»Bromocamphor, mono 

a-Butyloxyclnchoninio acid diethylethylenediamide 
and hydrochloride (Nupercaine). 

•Caffeine, natural and synthetic 

Caffeine derivatives: 

•Caffeine citrate 

•Caffeine sodium benzoate 

Ethyl caffeate 

Camphor, synthetic, U.S.P 

•Camphoric acid 

Camphoric anhydride 

Camphosulf onlo acid 

Camphosulfonio aold salts: 

Calo ium camphosulf onate 

Sodium camphosulf onate 

Carboxymethyloellulose, sodium salt 

Cellulose, oxidized 

7-Chloro-i-('»-diethylamino-l-methylbutylamino)- 
qulnoline (Aralen). 
•5-Chloro-7-iodo-8-quinolinol ( lodoohlorohydroxy- 
quinoline). 
7-Chloroltynurenio acid (7-Chloro-<»-hydroxyquinoline- 
2-carboxylic acid), 

^-Cholesterol 

Cinchophen (2-Phenylqulnollne-^-oarboxyllc acid) 

Cinchophen (2-Phenylquinoline-i-carboxyllo acid) 
hydroiodlde. 

Cinchophen, sodium salt 

Cocarboxylase 

Coenzyme A 

Coramlne ( Nikethamide ) 

Co zymase 

l,i-Cyolohexanedlone 

l-Cyclohexylamino-2-propyl benzoate (Cyclaine) 
l^drochloride . 

l-Cyclohexyl-2-methylpropylamine 

a-Cyolohexyl-a-phenyl-l-piperidinepropanol 

a-Cyclohexyl-o-phenyl-l-pyrrolidinepropanol 



39-;, "W2, 


565. 


39<i, 565. 




360, 381, 


394, 442. 


X. 




198, X. 




198, 3«, 


381, 394, 565. 


394. 




198, 3A3, 


381, 394, 565. 


565. 




360, 379. 




231, 3«, 


379, 394, 565. 


343, 394. 




231, 343, 


379, 394, 565. 


462. 




468. 




442, 




498, 




442, 




5, 122, 165, 379, 416, 


5, 122, 165, 379, 416, 


416. 




5, 122, 165, 379, 416, 562 


165, 379, 


419, 547. 


122. 




379, 416, 


419. 


122. 




231, 360, 


448, 600. 


336, 




104, 245, 


256, 274, 415. 


231, 245, 


267, 515. 


231, 394, 


515. 


599, 




285, 333. 




78, 360, 


468, 591. 


591. 




78, 591. 




591. 




78, 591. 




336. 




483. 




379. 




78, 325, 


336, 360, 389. 


376. 




122. 




464. 




442. 




464. 




462. 




340. 




47, 78, 336. 


340, 462 




527. 




444. 




462. 




464. 




442. 





313486 O - 54 - 8 



106 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

TABLE i.7B.- -Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which United States production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , 19 53 --Continued 



Ali 



MEDICIKALS, CYCLIC — Continued 



nd H'tt 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



a-Cyclohexyl-o-phenyl-l-pyrrolidinepropanol 

raethylsulfate, 
Cyclopentanol 

Cyclopentyl bromide 

l-Cyclopentyl-2-methylpropylamine 

l-Cyclopentyl-2-methylpropylamine (Cyclopentamine) 
hydrochloride . 

a-Cyclopentyl-o-phenyl-l-piperidinepropanol 

Cytidine and cytidine sulfate 

Cytidylic acid 

Cytosine 

Desoxyribonucleic acid 

Dextran (Glucopyranose anhydride) 

2,4-Diamino-5-(p-chlorophenyl)-6-ethylpyrimidine 

(Daraprim). 
N- [p-(2,'4-Diamino-6-pteridylmethylamino)benzoyl] 
glutamic acid. 

-♦jV-Dichloroquinoline 

Diethylaminocarbethoxybicyclohexyl (Dicyclomine) 

hydrochloride (Bentyl hydrochloride). 
6-( 2 -Diethylaminoethoxy ) -2 -dime thy laminobenzo- 
thiazole hydrochloride. 

3,3-Diethyl-2,'i-dioxopiperidine 

N,N-Diethylpioolinamide (Pyridine- ^carboxylic 
acid, diethylamide). 

»Dihydrocodeinone bitartrate 

Dihydrohydroxycodeinone hydrochloride 

Diiodochelidamic acid 

3,5-Diiodo-N-methyl-4-pyridone-2,6-diearboxylic 

acid. 
3,5-Diiodo-4-pyridone-N-aoetlc acid, diethanolamine- 

»5,7-Diiodo-8-quinolinol 

6,7-Dimethoxy-l-(4-ethoxy-3-methoxybenzyl)-3-methyl 
quinoline phosphate ( Dioxylline phosphate ) . 

i-Dimethylaminoantipyrine ( Aminopyrine ) 

Pji-Dimethylbenzyl camphorate, diethanolamine salt— 
N,a-Dimethylcyclohexane-ethylamine (1-Cyclohexyl- 

2-methylaminopropane ) . 
l,3-Dimethyl-4-phenyl-4-propionoxypiperidine 

hydrochloride (dl a form). 
N,N-Dimethyl-4-piperidylidene-l,l-diph6nylmethane 
methyl sulfate ( Diphenmethanil methyl sulfate). 
Diothane (Piperidinepropanediol diphenylurethane) 
base. 

Diothane hydrochloride 

»5, 5-Diphenylhydantoin and sodium salt 

l-(Diphenylmethyl)-4-methylpiperazinium (Marezine) 
(Cyclizine) hydrochloride. 

Epoxytropine-tropate methylbromide 

5-Ethyl-3,5-dimethyl-2,i-oxazolidlnedione 

Ethjl l-methyl-4-phenylisonipecotate (Demerol) 

Fructose-6-phosphate, barium §alt 

Glucose-1 -phosphate, potassium salt 

Glucose -6-phosphate, barium salt 

Glucuronolaotone 

Guanine 

Guanine hydrochloride ~ 

Guanine sulfate 

Guanosine 

Guanylic acid and sodium salt 

Hexamethylenetetramine 

Hexamethylenetetramine acetaminosalioylic acid 

(Salihexin). 
Hexamethylenetetramine anhydromethylene citrate 
(Helmitol). 

Hexamethylenetetramine camphosulfonate 

Hexamethylenetetramine mandelate 

Hexamethylenetetramine methylene citrate 

Hexamethylenetetramine methyl iodide 

Hexamethylenetetramine salicylate 

Hexamethylenetetramine sulfosallcylate 

Hexamethylenetetramine tetraiodide 

Hexokinase 

Hexosediphosphoric acid salts: 

Barium hexosediphosphate 

Calcium hexosediphosphate ~ — — 

Magnesium hexosediphosphate — — — — — 



442. 

442. 
442. 
245. 
AA2. 

442. 

462. 

462. 

462. 

462. 

281, 367. 

163. 

464. 

400. 
281. 

452. 

452. 
47. 

231, 267, 419. 
419. 

494, 515. 
457. 

379. 

78, 325, 360, 389, 468, 547. 

442. 

360, 527. 

187. 

308. 

452. 

457. 

289. 

129, 289. 

78, 381, 389, 394, 397, 494, 515, 542. 

163. 

X. 

565. 

379. 

462. 

462. 

462. 

287. 

462. 

462, 498. 

462. 

462. 

462. 

397. 

565. 

379, 591, 

591. 

205. 

591. 

468. 

591. 

591. 

246, 591. 

340. 

462. 
462. 
462. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, I953 

TABLE 17B. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Hedicinals for which United States production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , J953- -Continued 



107 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC —Continued 
Alicyclic and He terocyc I ic--Continaed 

»Honnones (steroid): 

21-Acetoxypregnenolone 

Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) 

Desoxycortioosterone acetate 

Estradiol 

Estradiol 3-benzoate 

Estradiol trimethylacetate 

Estrogenic substance 

»Estrone 

Estrone sulfate, sodium salt 

Ethinylestradiol 

Ethinyltestosterone 

Hydrocortisone alcohol and acetate 

»17 -Hydroxy -11-dehydrocortioosterone ( Cortisone ) 
and acetate. 

Methylandrostenedial 

Methyltestosterone 

Piperazine estrone sulfate 

Pregnenolone 

Pregnenolone acetate 

•Progesterone 

Reichsteins substance S acetate 

Reichsteins substance S alcohol 

Testosterone "^ 

Testosterone cyclopentylpropionate 

Testosterone propionate 

1-Hydrazinonaphthalazine hydrochloride 

«8-Hydroxy-7-iodo-5-quinolinesulfonic acid (Yatren 
acid) and salt. 
l-(3-Hydroxy-5^ethyl^-phenylhexyl)-l-methyl- 
piperidinlum bromide (Darstine). 

8-Hydroxy-5-quinolinesulfonic acid 

Hypoxanthine 

Isonicotinic acid hydrazide 

I^sidine bltartrate 

Menthyl salicylate 

homo -Menthyl salicylate 

6-Mercaptopurine 

fl-Methoxy-7-hydroxymercuric propylamide of 

camphoric acid (Mercurial acid). 
^-Methoxy-y-hydroxymercurlo propylamide of 

camphoric acid, sodium salt with theophylline 
( Mercupur in ) . 
8-(2'-Methoxy-3-hydroxymercuri) propyl coumarin 
3-carboxylio acid (Mercumallylic acid). 

Methylcholanthrene 

3, 3 '-Methylenebis[ 4-hydroxycoumarin] (Dicumarol ) 

Methyl 2-furoate 

Methyl nicotinate 

3-(2-Methyl-l-piperidyl)propyl alcohol 

3-(2-Methyl-l-piperidyl)propyl benzoate (Metycaine)- 
3-(2-Methyl-l-piperidyl)pro'pyl p-oyolohexyloxy- 
benzoate. 

Methylthiouraolls (5- and 6-) 

l-Methyl-2-undecylimidazole 

Methyluracils (5- and 6-) 

Nbrristyl-y-picolinium chloride (Quatresin) 

2 -( 1 -Naphthylmethyl ) -2 -imidazoline hydrochloride 

(Privine). 
Neocinchophen (Ethyl 6-methyl-2-phenyloinohoninate)- 

5-Nitro-2-furaldehyde diacetate 

5-Nitro-2-furaldehyde semlcarbazone (Furacin) 

5-Nitro-2-furfurylidene 1-aminohydantoin 

(Furadantin). 
N-(5-Nitro-2-furfurylidene)-3-amino-2-oxazolidene — 

5-Nltro-2-furfuryl methyl ether 

Novalgin (l-Phenyl-2,3-dimethyl-4-methylamino-5- 
pyrazolone formaldehyde bisulfite). 

Nucleic acid and salts 

Pamaquine (Plasmoohin) (N-Diethylaminolsopentyl-8- 
amino-6-methoxyquinoline ) . 

Papaverine hydrochloride, synthetic 

Perparin base and hydrochloride 

»Phenothiazine 

Phenothiazinecarbonic ac id 

Phytic acid salts: 

Calcium phytate 

Iron phytate 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



X. 








457, 


X. 






46, 


457. 






457. 








300. 








46. 








46, 


400, 


X. 




564. 








457. 








457. 








515, 


X. 






457, 


515, 


X, X 




457. 








336, 


421, 


457. 




565. 








457, 


X. 






4?7, 


X. 






336, 


400, 


457, 


X. 


X. 








X. 








336, 


421, 


457. 




X. 








336, 


421, 


457. 




336. 








78, 


325, 


379, 


389, 468. 


444. 








325 


389. 






462. 








415 


452 


457, 


522, 562 


431 


468 






431 








431 








163 








381 


591 






381 


591 







419. 

368, 498. 

464, 565, 591. 

129. 

431. 

442. 

442. 

442. 

462. 

442. 

462. 

X. 

336. 

464. 
129. 

129. 

129. 

129. 
129. 
360, 379. 

462. 

379. 

231, 442, 515. 

431. 

59, 251, 327, 333, 448. 

468. 

468. 
468. 



108 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

TABLE 17B. -Synthetic organic chemicals.- Hedicinals for which United States producti 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , 795 J- -Continued 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 
AlicycUc and He terocyclic--Contlmiei. 



»Piperazine 

Plperazine derivatives: 

Piperazine citrate 

Piperazine tartrate 

sym-N-Tetramethylpiperazine diiodide 

6-Propyl-2-thiouraoil 

Pyridium (2,6-Diamino-3-phenylazopyridine) 

3-Pyridyl-oarbinol tartrate 

fl-Pyrrolidinopropiophenone hydrochloride 

Quinacrine (Atebrin) (2-Metho}iy-6-chloro-9-diethyl- 

aminopentylaminoacridine ) . 
8-Quinolinol (S-ffydroxyquinoline) salts and esters: 

8-Quinolincl base . 

8-Quinolinol benzoate 

8-Quinolinol citrate 

8-(iuinolinol hydrochloride 

8-Quinolinol phosphate 

8-Quinolinol sulfate (Quinosol) 

8-Quinolinol sulfate, potassium salt 

8-Quinolinol tannate 

d-Ribose 

Ribose-5-phosphate, barium salt 

-i«utin _ 

1-Sorbose 

*Terpinol hydrate 

♦Theobromine and derivatives: 

Theobromine, natural 

Theobromine calcium gluconate 

Theobromine calcium salicylate 

Theobromine salicylate 

Theobromine sodium acetate 

Theobromine sodium salicylate 

•Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthlne) base and 
derivatives: 

Theophylline acetic acid 

Theophylline amlnolsobutanol 

"Theophylline base 

Theophylline cholinate 

♦Theophylline ethylenediamlne (Aninophylllne) 

Theophylline methoxymercuripropylsucolnylurea— 

Theophylllne monoethanolamine 

Theophylline sodium acetate 

2-Thlouracil 

Thymidine 

3,5, 5-Trimethyl-2,'t-oxazolidinedione (Trldlone) 

2-Undecyl -2 -imidazoline 

Uracil 

Uric acid 

Uridine "IIIIIIIIZZIZZ! 

Uridine- triphosphate 

Uridylic acid ZZZZZ! 

l-Vinyl-2-pyTrolidone polymerized 

♦Vitamins: 
*A, from all sources: 

A, acetate 

A, alcohol 

A, esters (natural) 

A, palmitate 

A, palmitate (feed supplement) 

*Bi (Thiamin hydrochloride) 

«Bi (Thiamin nitrate) 



•Riboflavin for human consumption, 100)6 

*''^''°ni*^^" f°r animal and poultry consumption, 

Rlboflavin-5^-phosphate, dlethanolamine 

Rlboflavin-5 -phosphate, monosodium salt 

•fie ( Pyrldoxlne ) 

•Bij, 100*: 

Feed grade 

Pharmaceutical quality Z.ZZZZ 

U.S. P. Crystalline ZZZZZZZZ 

•Dz (Irradiated ergosterol) (Calciferol) 

•Dj (Irradiated animal sterol) (Delsterol) 

E (a-Tooopherol ) 

E esters: a -Tocopherol acetate 

Folic acid and Dlopterln Z 

Inositol 

Inositol hexaphosphate, calcium magnesium 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



78, 360, 368, "i68. 

78. 
360. 

78, 468. 
464. 

205, 360. 
452. 
442. 
379. 



132, 325. 

132, 325. 

132. 

325. 

325. 

78, 132, 325. 

325. 

132. 

462. 

462. 

389, 400, 562, 600. 

415, 421. 

360, 389, 586, 600. 

245, 274, 562. 

165. 

360, 381. 

231. 

231, 267, 515. 

231, 267, 274, 360, 515. 



394. 

X. 

231, 274, 343, 394, 415. 

360. 

343, 389, 394, 401, 515, 547, 562. 

300. 

389, 442. 

231, 394. 

464. 

462. 

X. 

442. 

462, 498. 

174, 558. 

462. 

340. 

462. 

550. 



386, 415, 452, 498, 515. 

386, 469. 

498. 

415, 452, 498, 515. 

415. 

452, 464, 515. 

452, 515. 

415, 452, 515. 

340, 347, 367, 415, 464, 465. 

452. 
452. 
452, 464, 515. 

340, 347, 367, 397, 415, 464, 465, 515. 

42, 415, 515. 

515. 

99, 162, 228, 248, 379, 400, 421, 465, 469. 489. 

333, 379, 421, 465, 469, 489. 584. 

452. 

452. 

464, X. 

287, 445. 

336, 360, 445, 468. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



109 



TABLE 17B. -Synthetic 



rganic chemicals: Kedicinais for which United States production or 
re reported, identified by manufacturer, 1953 --Contimjed 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 
Alicyclic and Htterocyc lie- -Continued 

»Vitamins — Continued 

»Nlaoin 

«Niacinamide and niacinamide hydrochloride- 
Xanthine and monosodium salt 



MEDICINALS, ACYCLIC 



Acetone, semlcarbazone 

Aoetylcarbromal 

Acetylcholine bromide 

•Acetylcholine chloride 

S -Acetylglutathione 

Acetylmethionine 

Acetyl -/Ssnethylcholine bromide 

»Acetyl-a-methylcholine chloride 

Acetyl phosphate, lithium salt 

»Amino acids: 

d -Alanine 

dl -Alanine 

dl-o-Alanine 

1-Alanine 

*,9-Alanine 

l(+)-Arginine and hydrochloride 

1(+ ) -Asparagine 

dl-Aspartic acid 

l(+)-Aspartio acid 

l-Citrulline 

l(+ ) -Cysteine hydrochloride 

1-Cystine 

*1 (+ ) -Glutamic ao id 

d-Glutamic acid, crude 

1(+) -Glutamic acid, calcium salt 

l(+)-Glutamic acid hydrochloride 

l(+)-Glutamlc acid, monoammonium salt 

l(+)-Glutamic acid, monopotassium salt 

1(+) -Glutamic acid, monosodium salt 

Glycine (Aminoacetic acid) 

dl-Isoleuoine 

1-Isoleucine 

d-Leucine 

dl-Leucine 

1-Leucine 

1-Leuc ine ( Methionine -free ) '■ 

lysine 

dl-Lysine hydrochloride 

l(+ ) -lysine monohydrochloride 

d-Methionine 

dl-Methionine 

1-Methionine 

Methionine, feed grade 

dl-Methionlne, calcium salt 

dl-Norleucine 

1 -Ornithine 

dl-Serine 

1-Serine ~ 

dl-Threonine 

d-Valine — 

dl-Valine 

1-Valine 

All other (mixtures) 

2-Amino-4-methylhexane 

Amyl nitrite (Isoamyl nitrite) 

Antimony sodium thioglycolate — 

Auro-thioglucose 

a, a ' -Azobis ( chlorof ormamidine ) ( Azochloramide ) - 

Betaine base 

Betaine hydrate 

»Betaine hydrochloride 

Bismuth octyloxyacetate (Lipo bismol) — 

Broroocholine bromide 

Bromof orm ( Tribromomethane ) 

Bromural (a -Bromoisovalerylurea) 

Cacodylic acid derivatives: 

Iron caoodylate 

Sodium cacodylate 

Calc ium borohibate — 

Calc ium bromolaotobionate 

Calcium glyoerate 

Calcium iodobehenate 



205, A6i, 


515, 


536. 


205, 2<t8, 


464. 




^62. 






129. 






198, ^9^. 






78, 360. 






78, 360, 


468, 


515. 


462. 






360, 463. 






78. 






78, 468, 


515. 




462. 






462. 






448. 






558. 






462. 






248, 421, 


515, 


558, 563 


558. 






558. 






527, 558. 






558. 






462. 






290, 558. 






558. 






171, 228, 


384, 


558. 


462. 






171, 389. 






171, 228, 


558. 




171. 






171. 






558. 






187, 343, 


448, 


558. 


558. 






448. 






462. 






448, 558. 






445, 515, 


558. 




558. 






333. 






448. 






558. 






462. 






448, 463, 


558. 




462. 






463. 






515. 






515, 558. 






462. 






468, 515, 


558. 




462. 






468, 558. 






462. 






448, 515, 


558'. 




462. 






445, 463. 






442. 






231, 498. 






468. 






457. 






313. 






360. 






171. 






171, 360 


389. 




400. 






468. 






448. 






198. 






78, 400. 






78, 400. 






464. 






468. 






591. 






591. 







110 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

TABLE nB. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Hedicinals for which United States production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, i95J- -Continued 



MEDICINALS, ACYCLIC — Continued 

Calcium lactophosphate 

Calcium levulinate 

Calcium methionate 

Calcium salts of sugar acids 

*Calcium succinate 

Carbaminol choline chloride 

Carbaiiiyl-2-hydroxypropyltrlmethylammonium chloride- 

Carbromal (Bromodiethylacetylcarbamide) 

Chloral hydrate 

Chloretone (tert-Trichlorobutyl alcohol) 

Chloriodized oil 

l-Chlorobutane 

2-Chloro-N,N-dimethylethylamine (Dimethylaminoethyl 
chloride) hydrochloride. 

2-Chloro-N,N-dlmethylpropylamine hydrochloride 

2-Chlorotriethylamine (Diethylaminoethyl chloride) 
hydrochloride. 

Choline bicarbonate 

^Choline bitartrate 

«€hollne chloride, for animal and poultry feed and 
for use as an intermediate. 

^Choline chloride, medicinal grade only 

Choline chloride, nonmedicinal 

Choline citrus meal 

Choline dihydrogen citrate 

Choline gluconate 

Choline tricitrate 

Diallylacetic acid and bismuth salt 

2,2-Diisopropyl-5-hydroxymethyl-l,3-dioxolane 

1,2-Dimercaptopropanol 

Disodium methanearsonate (Arrhenal) 

Divinyl ether 

Ethylenediamine dlhydroohloride 

Ethylenediamine diiodide 

Ethyl iodide 

Ethylmercuric chloride 

Ethyl morrhuate 

Ethyl nitrite 

Gluconic acid salts: 

Aluminum gluconate 

Ammonium gluconate 

Calcium glucoheptonate 

Calcium gluconate 

Copper gluconate 

Iron (ferrous) gluconate 

Magnesium gluconate 

Manganese gluconate 

Potassium gluconate 

Sodium gluconate 

Glucono-delta -lactone 

Glutathione 

Glutathione, monosodium salt 

Glutathione, oxidized 

Glycerophosphoric ac id 

Glycerophosphorio acid derivatives: 

Calcium glycerophosphate 

Iron glycerophosphate 

Magnesium glycerophosphate 

Manganese glycerophosphate 

Potassium glycerophosphate 

Sodium glycerophosphate 

Strychnine glycerophosphate 

Zinc glycerophosphate 

Hendecenoic acid (Undecylenic acid) salts: 

■ Copper hendecenoate 

Zinc hendecenoate 

Hexamethyldiaminolsopropanol diiodide 

Hexamethylenebis[trimethylammonlum base] 

(Hexamethonium base). 
Hexamethylenebis[trimethylammonium bitartrate] 

(Hexamethonium bitartrate). 
Hexamethylenebis [trimethylammonium bromide] 

(Hexamethonium bromide). 
Hexamethylenebis [trimethylammonium chloride] 

(Hexamethonium chloride). 
Hexamethylenebis [trimethylammonium iodld^ 
(Hexamethonium iodide). 

Hexamethylenemethyl iodide 

Iodized castor oil 

Iodized oils, other 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



231. 








360. 








A68. 








AA2. 








360, 


389, 527, 600. 






515. 








515. 








198, 


379, 494. 






360, 


515. 






229, 


343, 431. 






547. 








32A. 








181, 


542, 565. 






181. 








181, 


542. 






367. 








78, 32A, 360, 426, 


464, 


607. 


324, 


367, 421, 464 


465 


607. 


78, 


324, 360, 426, 


464, 


515, 607 


493, 


515. 






426. 








78, 


324, 360, 426, 


464, 


607. 


367. 








324, 


360, 426, 464 


607 




187. 








198. 








591. 








379. 








515. 








281. 








246. 








515, 


599. 






442. 








591. 








231. 








360. 








415. 








558. 








231, 


415, 558. 






415. 








360, 


415. 






360, 


415. 






415. 








75, 


415. 






415. 








415. 








462. 








462. 








462. 








245, 


397. 






245, 


281, 397. 






245 


397. 






245 


397. 






245 


281, 397. 






245 


397. 






245 


397. 






75. 








75. 








360. 








360. 








379 


468. 






468 








468 


542. 






542 








468 


542. 






468 








468 








431 








442 









SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 111 

TABLE 17B.- -Synthetic organic chemicals; Medicinals for which United States production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1953- -Continued 



MEDICINALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 



Iodoform 

lodomethanesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Iron (ferrous) oxalate 

Isovaleric acid salts: 

Ammonium isovalerate 

Zinc isovalerate 

Lactic acid salts (medicinal grades only): 

Aluminum lactate 

Iron (ferrous) lactate 

Lithium pyruvate 

Magnesium citrate soluble 

Malononitrile 

Methylenecitric acid salts 

^Methylene iodide 

»Methyl iodide, all grades 

3-Methyl-l-pentyne-3-ol 

Morrhuio acid, copper salt 

MDrrhuio acid, sodium salt 

Phosphoglyceric acid 

2-Propylvaleric acid, bismuth salt 

Silver protein, mild 

Silver protein, strong 

Sodium bismutn triglycolamate 

Sodium iodopropanol sulfonate 

Sodium pyruvate 

^Sodium succinate 

Succinyloholine dichloride 

Succinyl peroxide — 

Sulf one thy Ime thane 

Tartaric acid salts, medicinal grades only: 

Ammonium tartrate 

Antimony potassium tartrate 

Bismuth potassium tartrate 

•Calcium tartrate ■ 

Potassium bitartrate 

Potassium sodium tartrate (Bismosal) 

Sodium tartrate 

Tetraethylammonium chloride 

Tetrajnethylammonium chloride 

Thiosemicarbazide 

Thiosinamine (Allyl thiourea) 

2,2, 2-Tribromoethanol 

Triiodoethionio acid 

»Vitamins : 

•Ascorbic acid and derivatives: 

Ascorbic acid 

Ascorbic acid, calcium salt 

Ascorbic acid, sodium salt 

Ascorbyl palmitate 

•Pantothenic acid and derivatives: 

Pantothenic acid 

•Pantothenic acid, d-calcium salt 

•Pantothenic acid, dl-oaloium salt 

Pantothenic acid, sodium salt 

d-Pantothenyl alcohol (a,>'-Dihydroxy-N-(3- 
hydroxypropyl ) -ff, ;3-dimethylbutyramide ) . 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



75, 231, 267. 
360, 379. 
360. 

-168, 494. 
494. 

360. 

231. 

462. 

515. 

132, 462. 

379. 

233, 360, 368, 379, 468, 498, 515. 

231, 468, 498. 

457. 

591. 

400, 591. 

462. 

187. 

400. 

379, 397. 

X. 

431. 

462. 

231, 515, 600. 

163. 

431. 

231. 

360. 

415. 

468. 

78, 281, 360. 

217, 360, 415. 

217, 281, 415, 468. 

281, 360. 

468. 

468. 

78, 133. 

78, 431-. 

379. 

457. 



415, 452, 515. 

415. 

415, 452, 515. 

415. 

465. 

415, 421, 442, 464, 515. 

248, 421, 464, 565. 

400. 

452. 



112 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 
Flavor and Perfume Materials 



P 



TABLE 16B- --Synthetic organic chemicals: Flavor and perfume materials for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1^53 

[Flavor and perfume materials for which separate statistics are given in tahle ISA are marked below with an 
asterisk (»); those not so marked do not appear in table 18A because the reported data are confidential 
and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from table 27] 



Manufacture! s ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



FLAVOR AND PEKFDME MAIERIAIS, CYCLIC 



Be 



id and Naphthalenoid 



2-Aoetonaphthone (Methyl ^ -naphthyl ketone) 

Acetophenone 

Amyl benzoate- 



^-Amylcinnamaldehyde ^ 

ii-Amylcinnamaldehyde, dimethyl acetal 

Amyl cinnamate- 



a-Amylcinnamyl alcohol 

Amyl phenylacetate (Isoamyl a-toluate) 

»Amyl salicylate (Isoamyl salicylate) 

*Ane thole 

»Anisaldehyde 

Anisole (Methyl phenyl ether) 

Anisyl acetate 

Anisyl alcohol 

Anisyl formate 

Anisyl propionate 

*Benzophenone — 



*Benzyl acetate 

»Benzyl alcohol, all grades 

Benzyl benzoate, perfume grade only- 
»Ben2yl butyrate 

Benzyl ohloroacetate 

»Benzyl cinnamate — 

Benzyl ether, perfume grade only 

*Benzyl formate 

Benzyl isoamyl ether 

Benzyl isobutyrate 

»Benzyl isoeugenyl ether 

Benzyl isovalerate- 



Benzyl phenylacetate (Benzyl a -toluate) 

•Benzyl propionate ________ 

»Benzyl salicylate 

Benzyl valerate—- 

i-Bromostyrene- ________—— 

4-tert-Butyl-2, 6-dimethyl-3, 5-dinitroacetoph6none 
(Musk ketone). 

3-tert-Butyl-2 , 6-dinitro-p-oymene 

6-tert-Butyl-3^iiethyl-2, <i-dinitroanisole (Musk 

ambrette) . 
5-tert-Butyl-2,4,6-trinitro-m-xylene (Musk xylol) - 
Carvacrol (Isopropyl-o-cresol) 

C innamaldehyde 

Cinnamio acid — — — 

*Cinnamyl acetate _____——_— 



Cinnamyl alcohol 

Cinnamyl anthranilate- 

Cinnamyl butyrate 

Cinnamyl cinnamate 

Cinnamyl formate 

Cinnamyl isobutyrate— 
Cinnamyl isovalerate — 

Cinnamyl propionate 

Cinnamyl valerate 

Cumaldehyde (p-Isopropylbenzaldehyde) - 



1- Dimethylbenzyl alcohol (p-Methylphenylmethyl- 
carbinol) . 
,a-Dimethylphenethyl aoetate- 



a,a-Dimethylphenethyl alcohol — 
a ,a-Dimethyl-3-phenylpropanol — 
Diphenylmethane- 



1 , 3-Diphenyl-2-pr opanone (Dlbenzyl ketone) - 
Duloin (p-Phenetylurea)- 



2-Ethoxynaphthalen6 (Ethyl /9_naphthyl ether) - 
Ethyl anisate- 



»Ethyl anthranilate 

Ethyl benzoate ___—_———— 

Ethyl cinnamate- ■ 

»Ethyl a^^_epoxy-^-methylhydrocinnamate (Ethyl 
methylphenylglyoldate) . 
2-Ethylhexyl salicylate 
Ethyl methyltolylglycidate ■ 

Ethyl ^-phenylglycidate 

Ethyl salicylate 

Ethyl vanillin 



229, 


582. 










229, 


392, 


431. 








225, 


229, 


508, 


582. 






229, 


451, 


508, 


511, 


562, 


582, 


508, 


582. 










225, 


508, 


582. 








451, 


582. 










229, 


414, 


508, 


582, 


598. 




229, 


274, 


370, 


582, 


593. 




222, 


229, 


285, 


582. 






229, 


431, 


582, 


593. 






229, 


431. 










225, 


229, 


508, 


582. 






229, 


582. 










225, 


508, 


582. 








508, 


582. 










229, 


266, 


582. 








229, 


266, 


451, 


562, 


582. 




?29, 


255, 


331, 


343, 


402, 


451, 562, 582 


229, 


245, 


255, 


331, 


402, 


431, 562. 


225, 


229, 


414, 


508, 


562, 


582. 


274. 












229, 


255, 


508, 


582. 






229, 


562. 










229, 


274, 


508, 


582. 






229, 


582. 










225, 


229, 


508, 


582. 






229, 


508, 


511, 


582. 






229, 


508, 


582. 








229, 


274, 


508, 


582, 


598. 




225, 


229, 


414, 


451, 


508, 


562, 582, 598 


229, 


255, 


562, 


582. 






225, 


508, 


598. 








582. 












229, 


562. 










229. 












229, 


562. 










229, 


562. 










229. 












229, 


431, 


582. 








229, 


343, 


431. 








229, 


414, 


508, 


582. 






229, 


562, 


582. 








508, 


598. 










225, 


414, 


508, 


582. 






229, 


508, 


582. 








508, 


582, 


598. 








225, 


508, 


582. 








225, 


229, 


508, 


582. 






229, 


508, 


582. 








225, 


255, 


508, 


598. 






229, 


333, 


460. 








229. 












451. 












451. 












451. 












582. 












229. 












431, 


468. 










229, 


266. 










431, 


508. 










133, 


508, 


562, 


598. 






229 


397, 


463, 


508, 


582. 




229 


508, 


582. 








229, 


431, 


508, 


582, 


598. 




598 












229 


508 










431 


582 


598 








582 












245 













SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 

TABLE IHB^- -Synthetic organic chemicais: Flavor and perfume materials for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , 795J- -Continued 



113 



Mamif acturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MAIERIALS, CYCLIC— Continued 
Benzenoid and Naphthalenoid — Continued 



•Eugenol 

»Eugenyl methyl ether- 
Hexylc innamaldehyde- 



Hydratropaldehyde (<i-Phenylpropionaldehyde) 

Hydratropaldehyde, dimethyl acetal- 



Hydrooinnamaldehyde (fi -Phenylpropionaldehyde) 

"1— ('i-Hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-3-buten-2-one 
(Vanillidine acetone) . 

«Isobutyl benzoate 

Isobutyl oinnamate- 



Isobutyl phenylacetate (Isobutyl a-toluate)- 

Isobutyl salicylate 

*Isoeugenol- 



Isoeugenyl acetate- 
Isoeugenyl methyl ether- 



p-Isopropyl-ii-methylhydrooinnamaldehyde (Cyclamen 
aldehyde) . 

p-Methoxyacetophenone 

2-Methoxybiphenyl- 



»2-Methoxynaphthalene (Methyl ,8-naphthyl ether) — 

p-Methylaoetophenone (Methyl p-tolyl ketone) 

Methyl anisate- 



p-Methylanisole (p-Cresyl methyl ether)- 

Methyl anthranilate-—— — — — 

Methyl benzoate- 



a-Methylbenzyl acetate- 
p-Methylbenzyl acetate- 



a-Methylbenzyl alcohol (Methylphenylcarbinol)- 

o-Methylbenzyl propionate 

Methyl oinnamate- 



Methyl N-methylanthranilate (Dimethyl anthranilate) 
/9-Methylphenethyl alcohol (2-Phenyl-l-propyl 
alcohol) . 

Methyl phenylacetate (Methyl a-_toluate) 

"Methyl salicylate (Synthetic wintergreen oil) 

*Phenethyl acetate 



*Phenethyl alcohol 

Phenethyl anthranilate- 

Phenethyl butyrate 

Phenethyl oinnamate— — 

Phenethyl formate 

Phenethyl isovalerate- 



Phenethyl phenylacetate (Phenethyl a-toluate) 

Phenethyl propionate 

Phenethyl salicylate 

Phenethyl valerate- 



2-Phenoxyethyl isobutyrate 

Phenylaoetaldehyde (a -Tolualdehyde) 

Phenylacetaldehyde, dimethyl aoetal 

4— Phenyl-3-buten-2-one (Benzylidene acetone) - 
Phenyl-1, 2-ethanediol diaoetate- 



l-Phenyl-2-propanone (Benzyl methyl ketone) - 
3-Phenyl-l-propyl acetate- 



3-Phenyl-l-propyl alcohol (Hydrocinnajnic alcohol) - 

Propyl oinnamate 

S alicylaldehyde- 



p -Tolualdehyde (p-Methylbenzaldehyde)- 
*p-Tolyl acetate (p-Cresyl acetate) — 



p-Tolyl isobutyrate (p-Cresyl isobutyrate )- 
»p-Tolyl phenylacetate (p-Cresyl a-toluate)- 



-(Trichloromethyl)benzyl acetate (Rosetone)- 
-Trimethylphenethyl alcohol — 



2,3, 5-Trimethyl-l, 2,3, 6-tetrahydrobenzaldehyde- 
Vanillin 

Terpenoid, Heterocyclic, and Alicyclic 



Allyl cyolohexanepropionate- 

Bomyl acetate 

Carvone (Carvol) 

C aryophyllene 

C edrenal 

C edr ol 



*Cedryl acetate 

Cineole (Eucalyptol) - 
»Citral (Geranial) 



229, 230, 


402 


431 


508, 511, 582 


593, 600 


229, 431, 


508 


582 






333, 508, 


582. 








229, 451, 


582. 








451, 582 










229. 










508. 










225, 229, 


274, 


508, 


582. 




225, 508, 


582, 


598. 






229, 508, 


582. 








229, 508, 


582. 








229, 352, 


402, 


508, 


582. 




229, 508. 










229, 431, 


508, 


582, 






229, 460. 










431. 










451. 










229, 451, 


508, 


582. 






229, 352, 


582. 








431, 508. 










229, 431, 


460, 


508, 


598. 




229, 333, 


448, 


508, 


562. 




225, 397, 


431. 








229, 508, 


511, 


582. 






431. 










582. 










508. 










229, 343, 


431, 


582. 




-" 


229, 333, 


508, 


598. 






451. 










229, 245, 


266, 


508, 


582, 600. 




245, 397, 


448. 








229, 352, 


451, 


508. 






229, 352, 


448, 


451, 


600. 




133, 229, 


508, 


598. 






133, 229, 


274, 


508. 






451, 508, 


598. 








229, 451, 


508. 








229, 274, 


414, 


508, 


582. 




229, 508, 


582. 








229. 










229. 










508, 598. 










229. 










229, 582. 










229, 508, 


582. 








274, 508, 


582. 








451. 










582. 










582. 










229, 508, 


582. 








508, 598. 










448, 572. 










229, 397, 


431. 








229, 414, 


508, 


582, 


598. 




451, 508. 










229, 508, 


511, 


582, 


598. 




431. 










451. 










451. 










98, 229, 


245, 


274. 






508. 










285, 508, 


598. 








414, 507, 


508, 


600. 






229. 










511, 582. 










451, 511, 


582. 








229, 352, 


451, 


511, 


582. 




507, 520. 










229, 230, 


274, 


414, 


451, 508, 511, 


582, 593, 



114 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

TABLE 18B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Flavor and perfume materials for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1953- -Continued 



FLAVOR AND PEEiFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC— Continued 



Ttrpenoid, He 



and Alicycli 



*Citronellal 

*C itronellol 

niitronellyl acetate 

Citronellyl butyrate 

Citronellyl formate 

Citronellyl isobutyrate 

♦Citronellyl propionate 

*Coujnarin " — ' 

Cyolohexanesxilfamio acid, calciinn salt- 
Cyclohexanesulfamic acid, sodium salt — 

Cyclop entanol 

Cyclopentanone- 



Dihydrocitronellol 

3,7-Dlmethyl-3-octanol (Tetraliydrolinalool)- 
*Cleraiiiol —— 



«Geranyl acetate 

Geranyl benzoate 

Geranyl butyrate 

♦Geranyl formate 

Geranyl isovalerate- 



Ger?inyl phenylaoetate (Geranyl a_toluate)- 

Geranyl propionate 

a -Heptyl-a-butyr olaotone- 



2-Hexyl-2-cyolopenten-l-one 

Hydrocoumarin (SjA-Dihydrocoumarin)- 
♦Itydroxycitronellal- 



Manuf acturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



Hydroxyoitronellal, dimethyl acetal- 



*a/-Ionone- 



» ,8-Ionone — — 

»Ionone (a- and ^-) 

Isobomeol (Isobornyl alcohol)- 

Isobornyl acetate 

Isobornyl propionate 

Isobutylquinoline 

Isopropylquinoline 

Isopulegol 

Isopulegyl acetate 

Isosafrole 

d-Limonene 

»Linalool- 



»Linalyl acetate 

Linalyl anthranilate- 

♦Linalyl benzoate 

Linalyl butyrate 

Linalyl cinnamate 

♦Linalyl formate 

Linalyl isobutyrate — 
Linalyl isovalerate- 



Linalyl phenylacetate 

♦Linalyl propionate 

♦Menthol, synthetic, tech — 
♦Menthol, synthetic, U.S.P- 

Menthone- 



Menthyl anthranilate 

Menthyl isovalerate 

Metahomomenthol (Cyclonol)- 

3-Methylooumarin- 

6-Methylooumarin 

♦Methyl-n -ionone 



Methyl-/3-ionone 

♦Methyllonone (a- and g-)- 



6-Methylquinoline- 



♦Nerol- 
Neryl acetate- 



♦Pipercnal (Heliotropin)- 
♦Rhodinol 

Rhodinol rose — — — — 
♦Rhodinyl acetate 

Rhodlnyl formate 

Saccharin- 



Saccharin, calcium salt- 
Saccharin, sodium salt — 

♦Safrole 

♦Santalol 

Skatole — 



229, 

229, 

229, 

133, 

229, 

229. 

229, 

245, 

565, 

565, 

101 

101 

229, 

582 

229 

225, 

133, 

225, 

225, 

133, 

229, 

225, 

451. 

451. 

431. 

229, 

229, 

229, 

229, 

229, 

229, 

333. 

229, 

333. 

133. 

133. 

229, 

229, 

229, 

508. 

229, 

229, 

133, 

133, 

225, 

511, 

229, 

229, 

508, 

133. 

225, 

229, 

229 

225, 

229 

133 

431 

274 

229 

229 

274 

229, 

451. 

414, 

582. 

229, 

229, 

511. 

229, 

229, 

245, 

301. 

245, 

229, 

229, 

133. 



414, 562, 582. 

255, 451, 508, 511, 562, 582. 

451, 508, 562, 582. 

229, 508, 582, 598. 

451, 508, 511, 582. 

451, 508, 582. 

274, 333, 448, 582. 



255, 352, 414, 451, 508, 511, 567, 582. 

229, 255, 414, 451, 508, 511, 562, 582, 598. 

229, 508. 

229, 508,- 511, 582, 598. 

229, 414, 451, 511, 582, 598. 

414, 508, 582. 

582. 

229, 451, 508, 582. 



255, 352, 511, 582, 593. 

582. 

448. 

230, 274, 451, 511, 582. 

274, 352, 582. 

230, 274, 352, 451, 511. 



333, 582. 



511, 562, 582. 

582. 

582. 

352, 414, 451, 508, 511, 582, 598, 600. 

230, 352, 414, 451, 508, 511, 582, 593, 598. 

508, 511. 

229, 508, 511. 

414, 508, 582. 

582. 

414, 508, 582. 

508, 582, 593. 

582. 

229, 451, 508, 582. 

352, 431, 562. 

352, 507, 562. 

229, 431, 511, 562. 
508. 
508. 



274, 352, 451, 582. 

230, 274, 333, 451, 511. 

451, 511, 582. 

230, 402, 582, 593. 

230, 255, 333, 402, 414, 451, 508, 582, 598. 

255, 414, 451, 508, 582. 

451, 508, 598. 

301. 

301. 

414, 520, 582, 600. 

451, 598. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



115 



TABLE 18b. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Flavor and per time materials for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, i95J--Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MAIERIALS, CYCLIC — Continued 
Terpenoid, Heterocyclic, and Alicyclic — Continued 



»Terpineols: 
a-Terpineol- 
^-Terpineol- 



Terpineol (a- and ^-)- 



Terpinol hydrate (Terpin hydrate), tech- 

»Terpinyl acetate 

Terpinyl propionate- 



l,2,3,4-Tetrahydro-6-methylquinoline 

Tririiethyl-A.-oyclohexene-1-carboxyaldehyde 

Vetivenol 



*Vetivenyl aoetate- 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIAI5, ACYCLIC 



»Allyl oaproate- 
Allyl caprylate 



Allyl enanthate (Allyl heptanoate) 

Allyl isothiooyanate (Synthetic mustard oil)- 
Allyl propionate- 



Allyl sulfide (Diallyl sulfide) 

2,3-Butanedione (Biacetyl) 

«n-Butyl butyrate 

Butyrone (Di-n-propyl ketone) 

Capraldehyde (Deoyl aldehyde) (Cio) — 
Caprylaldehyde (Octyl aldehyde) (Cs)- 

Decyl acetate 

n-Decyl alcohol 

Diethyl sebaoate (Ethyl sebaoate) 

Diethyl succinate- 



Dodeoyl acetate (Lauryl acetate) 

Enanthaldehyde (n-Heptaldehyde) (C7)- 
■Ethyl butyrate- 



«Ethyl caprate (Ethyl decylate) 

»Ethyl oaproate (Ethyl hexoate) 

»Ethyl caprylate (Ethyl ootoate) 

Ethyl enanthate (Ethyl heptylate) 

Ethyl isobutyrate— — — — 

Ethyl isovalerate 

Ethyl laurate 

Etliyl levulinate 

Ethyl myristate 

Etl^l oleate 

•Ethyl pelargonate 

•Glutamic acid, monosodium salt (Monosodium gluta- 
mate) . 

Hondecanaldehyde (Undecyl aldehyde) (Cn) 

2-Hendecanone (Methyl nonyl ketone) 

Hendecenaldehyde (Undecylenic aldehyde) 

Hendecenoic acid (Undecylenio acid) 

Hendecenol (Undecylenyl alcohol) 

Heptyl alcohol (Heptanol) 

2 , 3-Hexanedione ( Acetylbutyral) 

3-Hj-droxy-2-butanone (Acetoin) 

Y-Hydroxycaprylic acid, lactone (Y-Octalaotone) — 
i-lfydroxyhendeoanoic acid, Y -lactone (Y-Undecalao 

tone) . 

Y-Hydroxypelargonic acid, lactone (Y-JJonalactone) — - 
•Isoamyl butyrate (Amyl butyrate) — 
Isoamyl oaproate (Amyl caproate) — 
Isoamyl caprylate (Amyl caprylate) - 

•Isoamyl formate (Amyl formate) 

Isoamyl isovalerate (Amyl isovalerate) - 
•Isoamyl propionate (Amyl propionate) — 

•Isobutyl acetate-' ■ 

Isobutyl butyrate 

Isobutyl caproate- 



222, 

285. 
229, 
222. 
229, 
229, 
451. 
333. 
229, 
229, 



Isobutyl isovalerate 

Isopropyl pelargonate 

Lauraldehyde (Dodecyl aldehyde) (C12) 

2 -Methylhendeo analdehyde ( 2-Methy Inonyl ac e taldehyd e ) 

Methyl hendeoanoate (Methyl jndeoylenate) 

6-Methyl-5-hepten-2-one 



285, 352. 

333. 

285, 333, 451, 511, 582, 593, 598. 
508, 582. 



511, 582. 

255, 352, 451, 511, 552, 593. 



225, 
225, 
431, 
431, 
508, 
599. 
343, 
225, 
582. 
229, 
229, 
508, 
229, 
133, 
508, 
508, 

219; 

53, 
414j 
414, 
414, 
508. 
508, 
508, 
370 
133 
229 
370 
229 
171 



229, 414, 431, 451, 508, 582, 598. 

508. 

508. 

599. 

598. 

431. 

508, 582, 598. 

508, 582. 

508, 582. 

582, 598. 

582. 

598. 

582. 

582. 

313. 
414, 508, 582, 598. 

508, 582, 598. 

508, 582, 598. 

508, 582. 

598. 

582. 

582. 

414, 508. 
, 229, 451, 508, 598. 
, 370, 508. 

', 431, 508, 582, 598. 
, 228, 384, 445. 



582. 

229, 582. 

229, 508, 582. 

219, 313, 562. 

229, 582. 

219, 313, 551. 

133. 

133, 508, 598. 

508. 

229, 508. 



Methyl e -methyl thiolpropionate 

Methyl nonenoate (Methyl nonylenate) 

Methyl ootynoate (Methyl heptine carbonate) 

Nonyl alcohol (C9)— — — — ■ ■ - — ~ — — 

Octenoic acid — — — 

n-Octyl acetate ' 



229, 

53, 

508, 

414, 

229, 

414, 

225, 

225, 

225, 

225, 

508. 

508, 

229, 

229, 

229, 

229, 

508. 

229, 

229, 

229, 

508. 

508, 



508. 
229, 
582, 
508, 
508, 
582. 
229, 
414, 
508, 
229, 



414, 431, 508, 582, 598. 
■ 598. 

582. 

582, 598. 

414, 508, 582, 598. 

508, 582. 
582. 

508, 582. 



598. 

508, 582. 
582. 
508. 
582. 

508, 598. 
562. 
508, 582. 

582, 593, 598. 



116 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

TABLE iSB. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Flavor and perfume materials for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, i 953- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



FLAVOR AND PERTUME MAIERIAI^, ACYCLIC — Continued 



n-Ootyl formate- 
n-Octyl Isobutyrate- 



Pelargonaldehyde (Nonyl aldehyde) (C9)- 
2 , 3-Pentanedione- 



1-Propanethiol (n-Propyl mercaptan)- 
2-Propene-l-thiol (Allyl mercaptan)- 
Propyl propionate 



GHEMICAILY MODIFIED ESSENTIAL OIIS 



Ethyl oxyhydrate 

Lavandin, acetylated 

Petitgrain oil, acetylated — 
Sassafras oil, hydrogenated- 



431, 


508, 


582 


508, 


582, 


593 


229, 


508, 


582 


133. 






508. 






508, 


599. 




508, 


582. 




225, 


230. 




508, 


598. 




508, 


511. 




229. 







SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 
Plastics and Resin Materials 



117 



TKWE. l9Ji. -Synthetic organic chemicala; Plaatics and reain materiala for which United Statea production 
or aalea were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1953 

[Plastics and resin materials for which separate statistics are given In table 19A are marked below with an 
asterisk (*); chemicals not so marked do not appear in table 19A because the reported data are confiden- 
tial and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from table 27. 
An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his Identification number with 
the designated product] 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, BENZENOID 

Aniline-formaldehyde resins 

«Coumarone-indene resins 

Epichlorohydrin resins: 

Epichlorohydrin-acetone-phenol 

Epiohlorohydrin-blsphenol 

I^ichlorohydrin-bisphenol-fatty acid 

Epichlorohydrin-phenol-fatty acid-rosin 

E^ichlorohydrin-polyamine 

All other 

♦Petroleum polymer and condensation resins 

♦Phenolic and other tar-acid resins: 
♦Unmodified: 

p-tert-Aioylphenol -formaldehyde 

p-tert-Amylphenol-phenylphenol -formaldehyde 

Bisphenol-formaldehyde 

*p-tert-Butylphenol-bisphenol-formaldehyde — 

*p-tert-Butylphenol-formaldehyde 

Cashew nut shell oil type 

♦Cresols-formaldehyde 

Cresols-xylenols-formaldehyde 

♦Cresylic acid-formaldehyde 

Phenol-p-tert-butylphenol-formaldehyde 

•Phenol-cresols-formaldehyde 

♦Phenol-cresols-xylenols-formaldehyde 

♦Phenol-cresylic acid-formaldehyde 

♦Phenol-formaldehyde 



♦Phenol -furfural 

♦Phenol-resorcinol-formaldehyde 

Phenol-xylenols-formaldehyde 

♦Phenylphenol-formaldehyde 

♦Resorclnol-formaldehyde 

Xylenols-p-tert-amylphenol-formaldehyde 

♦Xylenols-formaldehyde 

All other 

♦Modified: 

♦Except rosin and rosin ester modified: 

Cresols-formaldehyde-dibutyl phthalate 

Cresylic acid-formaldehyde-dibutyl phthalate 

Phenol-formaldehyde , ammonia ted 

♦Phenol-formaldehyde-aniline 

Phenol-formaldehyde-dipentene 

Phenol-formaldehyde-glycerol-fatty acid 

♦Phenol-f ormaldelyrde , oil modified 

Phenol-formaldehyde-styrene 

Phenol-formaldehyde , sulfonated 

Phenylphenol-formaldehyde-tung oil 

All other 

♦Rosin and rosin ester modified: 

♦Biephenol-formaldehyde-rosin and rosin ester^ 
p-tert-Butylphenol-formaldehyde-glycerol- 
pentaerythri tol-ros in . 
♦p-tert-Butylphenol -formaldehyde-rosin and 
rosin ester. 

p-tert-Butylphenol-glycerol-rosin 

Cresols-formaldehyde-tung oil-rosin 

Cresols-phenol-p-tert-butylphenol- 
formaldehyde-tung oil-rosin. 

Cresylic acid-formaldehyde-rosln ester 

Phenol-formaldehyde-glyoerol-rosin and rosin 
ester. 

Phenol-formaldehyde-pentaerythritol-rosln 

♦Phenol-fomialdehyde-rosln and rosin ester 

Xylenols -formaldehyde -tung oil-rosin 

All other 



ASl, A95. 
13A, 3Z7, 536. 

131, 258. 

AA, 170, 186, 192, 333, 361, 395, -453, 521, 5-W. 

95, 131, 170, 361, 409, 422, 568. 

295, 577. 

44, 395, 453, 487. 

134, 234, 247, 311, 322, 327, 333. 



487, 536. 

487. 

408, 453, 579. 

167, 175, 408, 409, 463, 487. 

120, 204, 245, 350, 408, 463, 487, 568. 

69, 207, 339, 449. 

120, 167, 408, 432, 449, 453, 487, 536, 568. 

69, 346, 408, 432. 

71, 167, 408, 4S7, 524. 

245, 487, 521. 

29, 118, 167, 188, 245, 272, 346, 432, 453, 487, 
536, 568. 

13, 97, 118, 120, 408, 432, 536. 

35, 408, 487, 524. 

8, 26, 29, 30, 32, 67, 69, 70, 71, 85, 118, 
124, 141, 167, 196, 207, 226, 245, 295, 304, 
316, 317, 339, 346, 350, 372, 387, 395, 408, 
432, 449, 453, 454, 463, 487, 490, 493, 524, 
536, 568. 

97, 167, 339, 449. 

29, 207, 323, 449, 487, 524, 533. 

35, 521. 

323, 408, 487, 568. 

245, MB, 487, 493, 524, 568. 

408. 

26, 71, 118, 487, 536, 568. 

487. 



4S7, 

524. 

493. 

29, 167, 245, 346, 408, 487. 

408. 

490. 

207, 408, 487, 521, 524. 

207. 

295, 577. 

487, 544. 

97, 167, 295, 346, 409, 464, 487, 568. 

91, 204, 222, 272, 292, 463, 536. 
568, 

91, 120, 272, 463, 493, 532, 536, 568. 



521, 
487, 
487. 

493, 
292, 

154, 
222, 
437. 
463, 



536. 

568. 



524, 568. 
493, 536, 568. 



395, 463, 568. 
395, 463, 487, 568. 



487, 568. 



118 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 19B. --Synthetic organic chemiatls: Plastics and resin' materials for which United States production or 
sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , J95J- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, BENZENOID— Continued 

»Phthalic alkyd resins: 
^Unmodified: 

»Phthalic anhydride-glyoerol 



»Phthalic anhydride-glyoerol-glycol- 



Phthalio anhydride-glyoerol-glyool-penta- 
erythr itol . 
»Phthalio anhydride-glycerol-pentaerythritol- 



Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-pentaerythritol- 
sorbitol. 
»Phtlialic anhydride-glyoerol -sorbitol 

Phthalio anhydride-glyool 

»Phthalic anl^dride-glycol-pentaerythritol 

»Phthalic anhydride-pentaerythritol 

All other 

«Modified: 

»Exoept rosin and rosin ester and styrene 
modified: 

*Phthalic anhydride-adipic acid-glycol 

»Phthalio anhydride-benzoio aoid-glycerol 

»Phthalio anhydride -fumaric acid-glycerol 

Phthalle anhydride-fumaric acid-glyool- 

pentaerythr itol . 
Phthalio anhydride-glycerol-pentaerythritol- 
phenol-f ormaldehyde . 
«Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-phenol- 
f ormaldehyde . 
Phthalio anhydrlde-glycol-phenol-f ormaldehyde- 
*Phthalio anhydride-male io anhydride-glyoerol- 

»Phthalio anhydride-maleic anhydride-glyoerol- 
pentaerythritol . 

Phthalio anhydride-maleio anhydride-glyoerol- 
phenol-f ormaldehyde . 

Phthalio anhydride-maleio anhydride-glycol- 
pentaerythritol . 
»Phthalio anhydride-maleio anhydride- 
pentaerythritol. 

Phthalic anhydride-pentaerythritol with 
various modifiers. 

Phthalio anhydride-sebaoio acid-alcohol 

All other 



»Rosin and rosin ester modified: 

Phthalic anhydride-benzoio aoid-fumario acid- 
pentaerythritol-tall oil. 
»Phthalio anhydride-fumaric acid-glycerol- 
rosin and rosin ester. 
Phthalio anhydride-fumaric aoid-glycol- 

pentaerythritol-tall oil-rosin. 
Phthalio anhydride-glyoerol -glycol -rosin and 
rosin ester. 
•Phthalio anhydride-glyoerol -pentaerythritol- 

phenol-formaldehyde-rosin ester. 
•Phthalio anhydride-glyoerol-pentaerythritol- 

rosin and rosin ester. 
•Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-phenol- 

formaldehyde-rosln and rosin ester. 
•Phthalic anhydrlde-glycerol-rosln and rosin 
ester. 



Phthalio anhydride-glyoerol-tall oil 

Phthalic anhydride-glycol-pentaerythrltol- 

abitol alcohol and tall oil. 
•Phthalio anhydride-maleio anhydride-glyoerol- 

pentaerythritol-rosin ester. 
Phthalio anhydride-maleio anhydride-glyoerol- 

phenol-formaldehyde-rosln and rosin ester. 



4, 20, A3, 44, 49, 57, 66, 79, 84, 91, 92, 95, 

103, 127, 131, 138, 148, 154, 167, 170, 175, 

178, 186, 192, 194, 239, 257, 261, 263, 272, 

297, 304, 333, 346, 361, 374, 391, 393, 395, 

422, 453, 463, 464, 487, 493, 521, 532, 536, 

544, 564, 579, 581. 

4, 34, 79, 91, 131, 148, 170, 193, 263, 346, 

391, 395, 409, 422, 453, 463, 521. 

175, 422, 453, 464. 

4, 20, 43, 44, 66, 79, 91, 92, 95, 120, 138, 

148, 170, 186, 194, 239, 257, 263, 297, 304, 

333, 346, 361, 391, 393, 395, 422, 453, 463, 

464, 490, 521, 532, 536, 544, 568, 581. 

297. 

20, 170, 297, 536, 568. 

395, 453. 

4, 44, 66, 84, 91, 96, 170, 186, 222, 263, 304, 

333, 346, 361, 395, 409, 422, 453, 463, 464, 493, 

503, 521, 532, 544. 
20, 43, 64, 66, 84, 91, 95, 96, 103, 127, 131, 154, 

170, 186, 194, 239, 257, 263, 304, 333, 346, 361, 

391, 393, 395, 409, 422, 453, 463, 464, 493, 521, 

532, 536, 544, 568, 579, 581. 
91, 333, 453, 544, 568. 



333 ^3 464. 

91,'l86,'346, 391, 422, 464, 544, 568. 
44, 192, 214, 333, 361, 391, 463. 
463, 464. 

148, 297, 568. ' 

170, 186, 304, 333, 346, 395, 422, 464, 568, 581. 

521. 

25, 44, 49, 79, 186, 192, 212, 304, 333, 391, 395, 

409, 422, 453, 463, 521, 568, 581. 
25, 44, 79, 212, 214, 304, 346, 361, 395, 463, 521, 

544, 568. 
395, 409, 463. 

422, 463, 464. 

175, 212, 304, 333, 395, 422, 463, 521, 581. 

333, 361, 395, 490, 493, 521. 

91, 333, 453. 

13, 44, 79, 96, 175, 178, 212, 333, 346, 391, 422, 
453, 463, 464, 487, 493. 

44. 

361, 453, 544, 581. 

391. 

84, 346. 

44, 192, 257, 395, 409, 463. 

4, 43, 44, 66, 92, 127, 131, 148, 167, 186, 192, 

297, 391, 395, 422, 568, 579. 
44, 79, 138, 170, 263, 346, 391, 395, 453, 463, 

464, 521, 536, 568. 
20, 66, 91, 92, 103, 131, 170, 186, 193, 194, 239, 

263, 297, 333, 346, 391, 395, 422, 453, 463, 464, 

493, 521, 532, 536, 568. 
304. 
391, 422, 463, 521. 

297, 304, 395, 464, 521. 

304, 453, 463, 521. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, I953 



119 



TABLE 19B. -Synthetic ornenic chewicals: Plastics and resin materials for which United States product ion 
sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , J95J- -Continued 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, BENZENOID— Continued 

»Phthalic alkyd resins — Continued 
<<Modified — Continued 

»Rosin and rosin ester modified — Continued 

»Phthalio anhydride-maleic anhydride-glyoerol- 
rosin and rosin ester. 
Phthalio anhydride-maleic anhydride-penta- 
erythritol-phenol-f ormaldehyde-rosin ester . 
»Phthalio anhydride-maleic anhydride-penta- 

erythritol -rosin ester. 
»Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-penta- 
erythritol-tall oil. 
Phthalio anhydride-pentaerythritol-phenol- 
formaldehyde -rosin and rosin ester. 
»Phthalic anhydride-pentaerythritol-rosin and 
rosin ester. 

»Phthalic anhydride-pentaerythritol-tall oil 

All other 

«Styrene and styrene derivative polymer and 
copolymer resins: 

Polymethyl styrene 

«Polystyrene 

Styrene-aorylonitrile copolymer 

»Styrene-allqfd polyesters: 

Adipic acid-fumaric aoid-glyool-styrene 

Adipic acid-glycol -styrene 

Maleic anhydride-adipic acid-glycol-styrene 

Maleic anhydride-glycerol-styrene 

Maleic anhydride-glyool-styrene 

Maleic anhydride-styrene 

Phthalic anhydride-fumaric acid-glycol-penta- 

erythritol-styrene . 
Phthalio anhydride-fumaric acid-glycol-styrene— 
»Phthalio anhydride-glycerol-pentaerythrltol- 
styrene . 

wPhthalic anhydride-glycerol-styrene 

Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-adipio acid- 
glycol-styrene . 
»Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-glyool- 
styrene. 
Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-penta- 
erythritol-styrene . 

All other 

■»StyTene-butadiene copolymer- 



Manuf acturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



»Styrene-divinylbenzene copolymer 

All other 

Toluenesulfonamide resins 

All other benzenoid plastics and resin materials 

PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, NONBENZENOID 

Acetone-formaldehyde resins 

Acrylic resins 

»Alkyd resins (except phthalic): 
»Unmodif ied : 

Adipic aoid-glyoerol 

Adipic acid-glyoerol-glycol 

Adipic aoid-glyool 

Cyolopentadiene-glycerol 

Fumaric aoid-glyool — 

Fumaric aoid-pentaerythritol 

»Male ic anhydride-glyoerol 

Maleic anhydride-glycol 

Maleic anhydride-pentaerythritol 

Sebaoic acid -glycerol 

Sebacic acid-glycol 

All other 

itModified: 

Fumaric aoid-glyoerol-pentaerythritol-tall oil— 

»Fumaric aoid-glyoerol-rosin and rosin ester 

Fumaric acid-glyool-rosin and rosin ester 

»Fujiiario aoid-pentaerythritol-rosin and rosin 

ester. 
■••Maleic anhydride-glyoerol -pentaerythritol-rosin 
and rosin ester. 
Maleic anhydride-glycerol-pentaerythritol- 

sorbitol-rosin. 
••Maleic anhydride-glycerol-rosin and rosin ester- 



Maleic anhydride-glyool-pentaerythritol-rosin 



iA, 79, \^, 192, 30-;, 391, 395, 399, 422, <i53, 521, 

536, 544. 
212. 

25, 175, 212, 263, 346, 391, 422, 463, 521. 

96, 175, 186, 263, 391, 395, 409, 463, 536. 

395, 568. 

4, 66, 91, 103, 138, 170, 175, 186, 222, 239, 261, 

361, 391, 393, 395, 463, 521, 568. 
92, 154, 175, 391, 395, 463, 521, 532, 581. 
20, 44, 91, 192, 297, 333, 422, 493, 544. 



437, 
158, 
378, 

137, 
493. 
464, 
378. 
346, 
245, 
167, 

137, 
131, 



448. 

245, 323, 448, 487, 524. 

487. 

464. 

493. 

493. 

437, 524, 535. 

395. 

346, 464. 

186, 304, 391, 453. 



91, 131, 333, 391, 395, 453, 464, 521, 568. 
295. 

167, 391, 395, 418, 422, 453, 464, 487, 493, 536. 



395, 422, 464, 487, 493. 

Ill, 243, 323, 378, 396, 437, 44S, 431, 496, 563. 

295, 448, 463, 493, 577. 

134, 245, 333, 422, 453, 487, 493, 545, 568, 577, X. 

245, 464. 

487, 536, 550. 



464, 487, 568. 

41, 333, 374, 437, 453, 464, 493, 545. 



148, 493. 

422, 463. 

148, 346, 422, 464, 493. 

391. 

417, 464. 

297, 361. 

96, 103, 346, 521, 566. 

346, 464. 

297, 304, 395, 521. 

44, 170, 186, 395, 493, 568. 

463, 464, 493. 

137, 167, 297, 346, 417, 464, 521. 

304, 521. 

192, 346, 391, 463, 464, 493, 521, 568, 581. 

532, 581. 

25, 91, 361, 463, 493, 521, 544. 

120, 170, 297, 393, 422, 463, 493, 532. 

170. 

20, 49, 66, 84, 91, 106, 131, 154, 170, 192, 193, 
204, 222, 272, 292, 391, 395, 453, 463, 464, 490, 
493, 521, 532, 536, 568. 

346. 



120 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 19B. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Plastics and resin materials for which United States product i 
sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , J953- -Continued 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, NONBENZENOID—Contlnued 

»All£yd resins (except phthalic) — Continued 
•Modified — Continued 

»Maleic anhydride-glyool-rosin and rosin ester 

Maleic anhydride-pentaerythritol-phenol- 
formaldehyde-rosin ester. 
«Maleio anhydride-pentaerythritol-rosin and rosin 
ester. 

Maleic anhydride-pentaerythritol-sorbitol-rostn- 
«Maleic anhydride-pentaerythrltol-tall oil 



All other 

Butadlene-acrylonitrile copolymer resins- 

Furfuryl resins 

Polyamide (Nylon) resins 

Polyohloro- and polyfluorethylene resins- 
Polyethylene resins 

Polyterpene type resins 

»Rosin and terpene adduct resins: 

»Fuinaric acid-rosin 

«Maleic anhydride-ros in 

All other 

»Rosin esters, unmodified: 

»Rosin-glycerol 



»Rosln-glyoerol-pentaerythritol- 

Rosin-glycol 

■wRosin-pentaerythritol 



Tall oil-glyoerol 

Tall oil-methanol 

Tall oil-pentaerythritol 

All other 

•Silicone resins 

■•Hlrea and melamine resins: 
»Urea-formaldehyde type: 

»Butylurea-foriiialdehyde 

Isotutylurea-formaldehyde- 
»Urea-foniialdehyde 



All other 

•Melamine-formaldehyde type: 

Butylmelamine-formaldehyde 

Butylmelamine-urea-fornialdehyde- 

Melamine -formaldehyde 

Melamine-urea-formaldehyde 

All other 

*Vinyl and vinyl copolymer resins: 
•Polyvinyl acetate 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



Polyvinyl alcohol 

Polyvinyl butyral 

•Polyvinyl chloride and copolymers: 

•Polyvinyl chloride : 

Polyvinyl ohloride-vinylidene chloride 

All other 

All other vinyl and vinyl copolymer resins 

All other nonbenzenoid plastics and resin materials- 



222, "iOg, -463, 521. 
257. 

&4, 66, 79, 92, 106, 127, 192, 2(X, 222, 239, 297, 
304, 391, 395, 409, 422, 463, 503, 521, 536, 568, 
579. 

91. 

91, 93, 95, 192, 212, 257, 263, 395, 422, 521, 544, 
568. 

79, 96, 175, 192, 297, 391, 395, 422, 463, 464, 487. 

350, 378, 437. 

339, 524. 

228, 333. 

243, 333. 

333, 392, 605. 

134. 

106, 192, 204, 463, 464, 493, 521, 568, 581. 
391, 422, 453, 464, 490, 521, 568. 
103, 222, 387. 

91, 103, 106, 154, 175, 192, 222, 292, 361, 391, 
395, 453, 463, 490, 532, 536, 568, 579, 

106, 222, 304, 463, 568. 

222, 422, 463. 

20, 25, 93, 95, 106, 170, 222, 239, 361, 395, 463, 
521, 532, 536, 568. 

91, 395, 536. 

96, 222, 422. 

84, 175, 395, 521, 532, 544, 568, 581. 

222, 487, 544, 568. 

315, 334, 346, 387, 487, 536. 



91, 245, 333, 391, 464, 493, 536. 

333, 464, 536. 

82, 91, 131, 178, 196, 207, 222, 245, 310, 333, 374, 

395, 407, 428, 449, 453, 464, 487, 493, 524, 533, 

535, 536, 566, 568, 575, 596. 
30, 333, 463, 464, 493, 535, 536, 566. 

245, 333, 464, 493, 536. 

188, 245, 493. 

245, 346, 464, 524, 536. 

464, 524. 

464, 493. 

178, 184, 249, 296, 333, 374, 392, 437, 449, 493, 

496, 532, 568. 
249, 296, 333. 
249, 333, 392. 

242, 243, 245, 354, 378, 448, 563. 

243, 448, 563. 
243, 392. 
249, 333, 563. 

243, 333, 391, 429, .464, 487, 536, 550, 563, 575, 
577. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 
Rubber- Processing Chemicals 



121 



TABLE 21B. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Rubber-processing chemicals for which United States production 
or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1953 

[Rubber-processing chemicals for which separate statistics are given in table 21A are marked below with an 
asterisk (») ; chemicals not so marked do not appear in tab].e 21A because the reported data are confiden- 
tial and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from table 27[ 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMECAIS, CYCLIC 



»Accelerators : 

Aldehyde-amines: 

Acetaldehyde-aniline 

»Butyraldehyde-ani line- 



-Ethyl-yS-propylacrylanilide- 



Formaldehyde-aniline (Methyleneaniline) - 
Formaldehyde-p-toluidine (Methylene-p- 

toluidine) , 
Heptaldehyde-aniline- 



Triethyltrlraethylenetriamine- 
Dithiocarbamic acid derivatives: 

Carbon disulf ide-methylenedipiperidine 

Dibenzyldithiocarbajnic acid, zinc salt — 

Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, diphenylguanidine 

salt. 
Dimethylethylene diphenyldithlocarbamic acid, 

lead salt. 

2 ,4-Dinitrophenyl dimethyldithiocarbamate 

Piperidinium pentamethylenedithiooarbamate 

Piperidinium pentamethylenedithiocarbamio acid, 

potassium salt. 
»Cuaiiidines : 

Dioatechol borate, di-o-tolylguanidine salt 

Diphenylguanidine- 



Diphenylguanidlne phthalate 

Di-o-tolylguanidine 

Triphenylguanidine 

»Thiazole derivatives: 

2-Benzothiazyl-N,N-diethylthiocarbamyl sulf ide- 

Bis[N,N'-2(2-benzothiazylthiomethyl)urea] 

N-Cyclohexyl-2-benzothlazolesulfenamide- 



2-(2 ',<V'-Dinitrophenylthlo)benzothiazole 

»2,2 '-Dithiobis [benzothiazole] (2,2 '-Benzo- 

thiazyl disulfide) , 
«2-Mercaptobenzothiazole- 



2-Meroaptobenzothiazole, sodium salt-— 

2-Meroaptobenzothiazole, zinc salt 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole phenylblguanide- 
2-Meroaptobenzothiazollne- 



N-0xydi9thylene-2-benzothiazolesulfenamide- 
Miscellaneous compounds: 
Dibenzylamine- 



Di-N-pentamethylenethiurani tetrasulfide- 

2-Imidazoline-2-thlol 

Poly-p-dinltrosobenzene — — 

p-Quinonedioxime- 



p-Quinonedioxime dibenzoate — — 

•Antioxidants: 

Aldehyde- anl acetone-amines: 

Acetaldehyde-aniline hydrochloride- 
p-Aminodiphenyl-acetone- 



Aniline-acetone, acid derivatlves- 

Diphenylamine-aeetone 

p-Phenetidine-acetone- 



Phenyl-2-naphthylamlne-aoetone- 
»Amino or hydroxy compounds: 
p,p '-Diamincphenylmethane- 



2, 5-Di-tert-amylhydroquinone 

2 , 5-Dl-tert-butylhydr oquinone ____ _ 

p,p'-Dimethoxydiphenylamlne 

N,N -Di-2-naphthol-p-phenylenediamine 

N,N -Diphenylethylenediamine— 

N,N '-Diphenyl-p-phenylenediamine 

N,N '-Diphenylpropylenediajnine 

Di-o-tolylethylenediamlne 

Hydroquinone monobenzyl ether- 

p-Hydroxydiphenylamine 

p-Iaopropoxydiphenylamine- 



p,p '-iBqprqpylidenediphenol (^ -Di-p-hydroxy- 

phenylpropane) . 
Ootyldlphenylamlne- 



Octyldiphenylamine, alkylated- 

N-Phenyl-1-naphthylamine 

N-Phenyl-2-naphthylamlne- 



-Tetramethyl diphenylethylenediamine- 



378, 563. 




245, 333, 


378. 


56. 




333. 




333. 




378. 




378. 




2«. 




378. 




56. 




56. 




378. 




245. 




333. 




333. 




245, 464. 




245. 




333, 464. 




527. 




580. 




245. 




245. 




245. 




245, 378, 


396, 464. 


245, 378, 


396, 464, 580 


245, 396, 


464. 


396, 464. 




464. 




464. 




396, 464. 




378. 




333. 




333. 




333. 




333. 




378. 




245, 378. 




245. 




245. 




378. 




245. 




378, 




378. 




245. 




245. 




333. 




563. 




56, 429. 




245, 333, 


378, 563. 


56. 




56. 




563. 




333, 563. 




563. 




396. 




37S. 




563. 




333, 527. 




333, 563. 




429. 





313486 O - 54 



122 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 21R.- -Synthetic organic chemicals: Rubber-processing chemicals for irfiic/i United States production 
or sales were reported , identified by manufacturer , J95J--Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, CYCLIC — Continued 

^Antioxidants — Continued 

*Aiiiino or hydroxy compounds— Continued 
Thiobis [di-sec-amylphenol] - 



A, A -Thiobis [6-tert-butyl-m-cresol] 

p-(p-Toluenesulfonamido)diphenylaii!lne- 

N-o-Tolyl-2-naphthylamine 

Miscellaneous compounds: 

Aldo-o-naphthylamine condensation 

Dicresyl disulfide- 



2,2 '-Methylenebis['i-methyl-6-tert-butylphenol] - 

Nonylphenyl dioctylphenyl phosphite— — — 

Phenol, alkylated- 



Phenol, styrenated- 

2,2, 4~Tr imethyldihydr oquinoline 

Inhibitors : N-Nitrosodiphenylamine 

Peptizers: 

0,0 '-Dibenzamidophenyl disulf ide- 



Phenylhydrazine zinc chloride salt- 
2-Naphthyl meroaptan- 



Xylyl mercaptide, zinc salt- 
All other 

Tackifiers: 



p-tert-Amylphenol sulfide 

Bis[ iso-octylhydroxyphenylmethylene] 

RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 

»Accelerators: 

*Dithiooarbamic acid derivatives: 

Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, dimethylcyclohexyl- 

amine salt. 

Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, nickel salt 

Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt— — — 

^Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt- 



Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, diethyls mmonium 
salt, 

Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, selenium salt 

Diethyldithiocarbamio acid, sodium salt 
Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, tellurium salt 

»Diethyldithiocarbamlc acid, zinc salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, bismate salt' 

Dimethyldithiocarbamlo acid, copper salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, dimethylammonium 

salt. 
Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, lead salt 

»Dimethyldithiocarbamlc acid, potassium salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamlo acid, selenium salt 

All other 

Thiurams : 

Methylethylthluram disulfides, mixed 

Tetrabutylthiuram monosulf ide 

Tetraethylthiuram disulfide 

»Tetramethylthi>iram disulfide- 



•»Tetramethylthiuram monosulf ide— 
Tetramethylthiuram tetrasulf ide- 
Xanthates : 

Di-n-butylxantho disulfide 

Diisopropylxantho disulfide 

Potassium butyl xanthate— — — — 
Zinc dibutyl xanthate- 



Miscellaneous compounds: 

n-Butyraldehyde-butylamine- 
Di-n-butylammonium oleate— ■ 
^Peptizers:. 

Alkyl mercaptans, mixed- 



Cadmium lauryl mercaptlde- 

»Dodecyl mercaptans— 

tert-Hexadecyl mercaptan— 

Zinc laurate 

All other 



245. 
245. 
378. 
396. 

563. 

378. 

464. 

378. 

56, 396. 

563. 

563. 

563. 

464. 
333. 
333. 
333. 
333. 

580. 
348. 



245. 



333. 

333, 364, 378. 

245, 254, 364, 378, 396, 580. 

580. 

254, 580. 

378, 498. 

254. 

245, 254, 364, 378, 396, 580. 

254. 

254, 447. 

378. 

254. 

137, 378, 396, 580. 

254. 

378, 396. 

580. 

378. 

378, 396, 580. 

245, 333, 378, 396, 563, 580, 

245, 333, 378, 396. 

333. 

378. 
563. 
378. 
378, 396. 

333. 
137, 333. 

443. 

243; 

146, 338, 443, 580. 

443. 

378. 

333. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, I953 
Elastomers (Synthetic Rubbers) 



123 



TABLE 223. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) for which United States production 
or sales were reported , identified by manufacturer , 1953 

[Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) for which separate statistics are given in table 22A are marked below with 
an asterisk (»); products not so marked do not appear in table 22A because the reported data are confi- 
dential and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from table 
27. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number 
with the designated product] 



Manufacturers' Identification numbers 
(according to list i^ table 27) 



ELASTOMERS, CYCLIC 

»Polybutadiene-styrene type (Buna S, GR-S) — 

ELASTOMERS, ACYCLIC 

Polyacrylate ester type 

Polyalkalene sulfide type (Thiokol) 

»Polybutadiene-aorylonitrile type (N-type)~ 

Polybutadiene type 

Polybutadiene-styrene-vinylpyridine type 

Polybutadiene-vinylpyridine type 

•Polychloroprene type (Neoprene, GR-M) 

Polyisobutylene type 

•Polyisobutylene-isoprene type (Butyl, GR-I) 

•Polyvinyl type 

Reaction products of natural rubber: 

Cyclorubbers ■ 

Polymerized chlorinated rubber (Parlon) — 
Silicone type 



105, 125, W6, 243, 273, 396, AA3, 459, 601, 602. 



350, 378, 396, 563. 



481. 
392, 563. 



396. 
222. 
315, 346. 



Plasticizers 



TABLE 23B. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Plasticizers for which United States production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1953 

.Plasticizers for which separate statistics are given in table 23A are marked below with an asterisk (»); 
products not so marked do not appear in table 23A because the reported data are confidential and may not 
be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from table 27. An X signifies 
that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number with the designated 
product ] 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



PLASTICIZERS, CYCLIC 



Camphor, synthetic 

Coumarone-indene plasticlzer 

N-Cyclohexyl-p-toluenesulfonamide 

Dibenzyl sebaoate 

Di-tert-octyldiphenyl oxide 

Diphenyl cyclohexyl, o-, m-, p- 

Dipropylene glycol dibenzoate 

Ethyl oxanilate 

N-Ethyl-p-toluenesulfonamide 

Isopropylidenediphenoxypropanol 

Naphthalene , alkylated 

Phenoxyethyl compounds 

Phosphoric acid esters: 

Cresyl diphenyl phosphate 

Dibutylphenyl phosphate 

Diphenyl mono-o-xenyl phosphate 

Diphenyl octyl phosphate 

Tri(p-tert-butylphenyl) phosphate 

•Tricresyl phosphate ~ 

•Triphenyl phosphate 

Polyoxyalkalene phenol 

•Phthalic anhydride esters: 
Butyl benzyl phthalate- 



Butyl cyclohexyl phthalate 

Butyl decyl phthalate 

Butyl phthalyl butyl glyoolate 

Castor oil phthalate, hydrogenated 

Diallyl phthalate 

Diamyl phthalate 

Di(2-butoxyethyl) phthalate (Di(butyl cellosolve) 
phthalate ) . 



333. 

327. 

245. 

86. 

4^8. 

245. 

331. 

504. 

245. 

448. 

234. 

417. 

245. 

245. 

448. 

245. 

448. 

128, 245, 418, 574. 

245, 418, 498, 536. 

417. 

245. 

536. 

456. 

245. 

333. 

128, 258. 

463. 

128, 333, 370. 



124 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 23b. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Plasticizers for which United States production or sales 
were reported, identified hy manufacturer, 1953- -Continued 



PLASTICIZERS, CYCLIC— Continued 

»Phthalio anhydride esters — Continued 

•Dibutyl phthalate 

♦Dicapryl phthalate 

Dicyolohexyl phthalate 

Dideoyl phthalate 

Di(2-(2-ethoxyethoxy)ethyl) phthalate (Dioarbltol 

phthalate) . 
Di(2-ethoxyethyl) phthalate (Dioellosolve 
phthalate) . 

Di(2-ethylbutyl) phthalate 

•Diethyl phthalate- 

Dihexyl phthalate 

Diisobutyl phthalate 

Di isodecyl phthalate 

*Di(2-methoxyethyl) phthalate (Di{methyl oello- 
solve ) phthalate ) . 

•Dimethyl phthalate 

Dinonyl phthalate 

Dioctyl oapryl phthalate 

•Diootyl phthalates: 

*Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate 

•Di-n-ootyl phthalate, diiso-ootyl phthalate, 
and mixtures. 

Diphenyl phthalate 

Ethyl phthalyl ethyl glyoolate 

Isobutyl castor oil phthalate 

Iso-octyl oapryl phthalate 

Methyl phthalyl ethyl glycolate 

•Octyl decyl phthalate 

Tetrahydrofurfuryl oleate 

Toluenesulfonamide, o-, p- mixture 

All other 

PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC 

*Adipio acid esters: 

Di(2-(2-butoxyethoxy)ethyl) adipate (Di(butyl 

carbltol) adipate). 
Di(2-butoxyethyl) adipate (Di(butyl cellosolve) 
adipate ) . 

Dioapryl adipate 

Didecyl adipate 

«Di(2-ethylhexyl) adipate 

Di-n-hexyl adipate 

Diisoamyl adipate 

Diisobutyl adipate 

•Diiso-octyl adipate 

Dinonyl adipate 

Dipropyl adipate 

n-Ootyl decyl adipate 

All other 

Azelaic acid esters; 

Di-n-butyl azelate 

Di(2-ethylbutyl) azelate 

Di(2-ethylhexyl) azelate 

Diisobutyl azelate 

All other 

2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethyl pelargonate 

2-Butoxyethyl diglyool carbonate 

Butyl myristate 

Castor oil maleate 

Citric and acetylcitric acid esters: 

Tributyl acetyloitrate 

Tri-n-butyl citrate 

Triisobutyl citrate 

Di(butoxyethoxy-ethoxy ) methane 

Dibutyl tartrate 

Dicapryl diglycolate 

Diethylene glycol dipelargonate 

Diethylene glycol ester of coconut oil fatty acid 

Diethyl maleate 

Glyceryl dlacetyl tartrate monoesters 

Glyceryl tributyrate (Tributyrin) 

Glyceryl tripropionate 

Isopropyl myristate 

•Laurie acid esters: 

2-Butoxyethyl laurate (Butyl cellosolve laurate) — 
Butyl laurate 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



-10, 36, 128, 2'i5, JU, 333, 367, ^22, -456, i.fi, A&i, 

-Vgfe, 536, 57-1. 
86, 128, -i56, 493, 516, 536. 
128, 333, 536. 
«0, 530. 
128. 



128. 



483. 

222, 245, 266, 463, 483, 536. 

86, 485. 

483. 

245. 

128, 333, 370, 483. 

245, 266, 333, 463, 483. 
450, 456. 
456, 530. 

40, 86, 128, 314, 333, 392, 450, 456, 483, 496, 530, 

536. 
40, 86, 128, 222, 245, 422, 450, 456, 496, 516, 530, 

536, 563. 
245, 516. 
245. 
333. 

422, 450, 456, 516. 
245. 

40, 128, 222, 245, 422, 450. 
499. 
245. 
128, 580. 



128, 333. 



450, 516, 530. 

128, 370, 392, 450, 456, 483, 530. 

86. 

493. 

128, 450, 483, 530. 

40, 86, 128, 370, 450, 456, 493, 516, 530. 

456. 

370. 

128, 222, 450. 

563. 

370, 483. 

499. 

499. 

262, 483, X. 

530, X. 

262. 

391. 

365, 370. 

493. 

415, 463. 
415, 463. 
483. 
412. 

314, 370. 
128. 
499. 
123, X. 
483. 
541. 

483, 511. 
483. 
255, 365. 

262, 370. 
370. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 

TAHLE 23fi. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Plasticizers for which Un.tejl States production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1953- rontimied 



12 



PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

»Laurio acid esters — Continued 

Glyceryl raonolaurate 

Methyl laurate 

»01eic acid esters: 

2-Butoxyethyl oleate (Butyl cellosolve oleate) 

»Butyl oleate 

Dimethylamine oleate 

•Glyceryl trioleate 

Methyl oleate 

n-Propyl oleate 

Triethanolamine oleate 

All other 

Palmitic acid esters: 

Isohutyl palmitate 

Methoxyethyl palmitate 

Octyl palmitate 

•Phosphoric acid esters: 

Tri(2-butoxyethyl) phosphate (Tri(hutyl cello- 
solve ) phosphate ) . 

Tributyl phosphate 

Triethyl phosphate 

Triisobutyl phosphate 

Trioctyl phosphate 

Polyethylene glycol di-2-ethylhexoate - 

Polyethylene glycol ester of soybean oil fatty acid- 
•Ricinoleio and acetylrioinoleic acid esters: 

n-Butyl aoetylrioinoleate 

Butyl ricinoleate 

Cyclohexyl ricinoleate 

Diethylene glycol monoricinoleate 

Glyceryl monoricinoleate 

Glyceryl triaoetylricinoleaie 

2-Methoxyethyl aoetylricinoleate (Methyl cello- 
solve aoetylrioinoleate). 

Methyl aoetylricinoleate 

Methyl ricinoleate 

Propylene glycol monoricinoleate 

All other 

»Sebacic acid esters: 

Diamyl sebacate 

Di(2-butoxyethyl) sebacate (Di(butyl cellosolve) 
sebacate) . 

•Dibutyl sebacate 

Dicapryl sebacate 

*Di( 2-ethylhexyl ) sebacate 

Diiso-octy 1 sebacate '- 

Dimethyl sebacate ■■ 

Dlnonyl sebacate 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



Polyethylene glycol 2-ethylhexyl sebacate 

All other 

•Stearic acid esters: 

2-Butoxyethyl stearate (Butyl cellosolve stearate) 

Butyl epoxystearate 

•Butyl stearate 

Diethylene glycol distearate 

Dimethylammoniujn stearate 

2-Ethylbutyl stearate 

2-Ethylhexyl stearate 

Ethyl stearate 

Glyceryl monohydroxy stearate 

2-Methoxyethyl stearate (Methyl cellosolve 
stearate). 

Methyl dichlorostearic acid 

Methyl pentachlorostearate 

Methyl stearate 

Polyglyoeryl stearate 

All other 

Triethylene glycol di(caprylate-oaprate) 

Triethylene glycol di-2-ethylbutyrate 

Triethylene glycol di-2-ethylhexoate 

All other 



183, 262, 370. 








108, 370. 








262, 370. 








128, 262, 3W, 


365, 


370, 


374, 421 


<V93. 








123, «)3, -438, 


499. 






183, 365, 370, 


421, 


499. 




"^03, -199. 








493. 








128, 493. 








483. 








483. 








40. 








128. 








128, 367. 








483. 








483. 








392. 








392. 








374, 450. 








219. 








219, 450. 








450. 








183, 262, 370 








123, 183, 219, 


262 


370 


421. 


219. 








219, 450. 








219. 








219, 421. 








219, 370. 








370, 450. 








493. 








450. 








8S, 262, 450, 


456, 


483. 


493. 


86. 








86, 450, 456, 


493, 


516. 




40, 86, 493. 








86, 494. 








450. 








516. 








86. 








128, 370. 








128. 








86, 128, 314, 


365, 


367, 


370, 403, 


370, 374. 








493. 








450. 








128. 








370. 








421. 








262, 370. 








338. 








338. 








370. 








541. 








370. 








40, 108, 438. 








392. 








392. 








262, 392, 493 


, X. 







126 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 
Surface-Active Agents 



TABLE 24B. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Surface- active agents for which United States production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1953 

[ Surface-active agents for which separate statistics are given in table 24A are marked below with an aster- 
isk (*); products not so marked do not appear in table 2^k because the reported data are confidential and 
may not be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from table 27. An X 
signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number with the 
designated product] 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, CYCLIC 

*Esters and ethers, nonsulfonated: 

Anhydrohexitol castor oil polyoxyalkylene ether 

Anhydrohexitol dilaurate 

Anhydrohexitol dilaurate polyoxyalkylene ether 

Anhydrohexitol dioleate 



Anhydrohexitol glycerol monolaurate 

Anhydrohexitol monolaurate 

Anhydrohexitol monolaurate polyoxyalkylene ether 

Anhydrohexitol mono-oleate 

Anhydrohexitol mono-oleate polyoxyalkylene ether 

Anhydrohexitol monopalmitate 

Anhydrohexitol monopalmitate polyoxyalkylene ether- 

Anhydrohexitol monostearate 

Anhydrohexitol monostearate polyoxyalkylene ether — 

Anhydrohexitol tall oil ester 

Anhydrohexitol tall oil polyoxyalkylene ether 

Anhydrohexitol tetrastearate 

Anhydrohexitol trioleate 

Anhydrohexitol trioleate polyoxyalkylene ether 

Anhydrohexitol tririoinoleate 

Anhydrohexitol triricinoleate polyoxyalkylene ether 

Anhydrohexitol tristearate . 

Anhydrohexitol tristearate polyoxyalkylene ether 

Anhydrosorbitol monostearate polyoxyaUqrlene ether- 

Diisobutylphenoxy polyethoxy ethanol 

Dlpropylene glycol salicylate 

Glucose polyoxyalkylene dlstearate- 



Glucose polyoxyalkylene ether polyoxyalkylene 

oleate . 

Glucose polyoxyalkylene oleate 

Iso-ootylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

Nonylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

n-Octylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

Tetradecylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

*Nitrogen-oontaining surface-active agents, 

nonsulfonated: 

N-Alkylethylmorpholiniujn ethosulfates— — 

Benzylcetyldimethylammonium chloride 

Benzyldimethylootylaramonlum chloride — — 

Benzyldlmethylphenylammonium chloride 

l-(l-Benzyl-l-hydroxyethyl )-2-tridecyl Imldazo- 

linium chloride. 

»Benzyllauryldimethylammonlujn chloride 

Benzylpolyethoxy coconut oil ammonium chloride 

Benzylpolyethoxy tall oil ammonium chloride 

Benzyltrimethylammonium chloride 

Benzyltrimethylammonium hydroxide 

Caprylethyl-5-hydroxycycloimldine-sodium ethylate , 

sodium ethionate. 

Cetylpyridlnium chloride 

3, 4-Dichlorobenzyllauryldimethylammonium chloride — 
1, l-Dihydroxyethyl-2-heptadecenyl imidazollnlum 

chloride . 

Dodecylmethylbenzyltrimethylammonium chloride 

Ethanol diphenyl ethylenediamine 

Ethoxybenzyldimethyloctylphenoxyammonium chloride — 

2-Heptadecyl-l-hydroxyethyl-2-imidazoline 

2-LauroyloxyethylcarbamylmethylpyTidinium chloride 

(Lauryl ester of colamlnoforraylmethylpyridlnium 

chloride ) . 

Lauryldimethylbenzyldimethylammonium chloride 

Laurylethyl-5-hydroxycycloimidine, sodium ethylate, 

sodium ethionate. 

Laurylpyridinium chloride 

Oleyl Imidazoline — 

Oxazoline, substituted- 



Rosln aminopolyethoxyethanol 

Rosin soap of polyamidoimidazoline 

Stearoyloxyethylcarbamylmethylpyrldlnlum chloride- 
Stearoylethyl-5-hydroxycyoloimldine , sodium 
ethylate, sodium ethionate. 



a.1. 

All. 

<H7. 

AY!. 

417. 

417. 

417. 

342, 417. 

417. 

417. 

417. 

417. 

417. 

417. 

417, 

417. 

417. 

417. 

417. 

417. 

417. 

417. 

140. 

550. 

X. 

417. 

550. 

417. 

421, 493, 550, 

15, 222, 321, 417, 438, 550. 

392. 

303, 



417, 

374, 379, 493, 591, 

374. 

550. 

342, 

374, 376, 479, 557, 591. 

550. 

550. 

367, 493. 

591, 

351. 

431, 591. 

374, 379, 557, 591. 

342. 

493, 591. 

58. 

493, 

342, 

541, 



591, 
351, 

338, 591, 

566, 573, 

367. 

550. 

496. 

541. 

351. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 127 

-Synthetic organic chemicals: Surface-active agents for which United States product ion or sales 
were reported, identified ^y manufacturer , 195J- -Continued 



Maraif acturers ' identification mimbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, CYCLIC—Continued 

*Nitrogen-containing surface-active agents, 
nonsulfonated — Continued 

N-Xylol stearamide ~- 

All other 

*Sulfated and sulfonated cyclic surface-active 
agents: 
Alkyl benzenoid compounds, sulfated and 
sulfonated: 
Benzyldimethylphenylammoniujn chloride, sulfated, 
calcium salt. 

Decylbenzenesulfonic acid type 

*Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid type 



Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, butylammonium salt- 
Dodeoylbenzenesulfonio acid, isopropylaimnonium 
salt. 

Dodecyltoluenesulfonic acid-- 

Xylenesulfonio acid, sodium salt 

All other 

Lignin derivatives, sulfonated: 

Calcium lignosulfonate 

Sodium lignosulfonate — 

♦Naphthalene derivatives, sulfonated: 
♦Amylnaphthalenesulfonio acid, mono- 



Benzylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, mono 

Butylisopropylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium 
salt. 

Butylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, mono 

Diamylnaphthalenesulfonic acid 

♦Dibutylnaphthalenesulfonio acid 

Didodeoylnaphthalenesulfonic acid — 

*Diisopropyliiaphthalenesulfonic acid 

Dilaurylnaphthalenesulfonic acid- 



*Isopropylnaphthalenesulfonic acid 

l,l'-Methylenebis [2-naphthalenesulfonic acid] 

Mixed allcylated naphthalenesulfonic acid 

Octylnaphthalenesulfonic acid 

Oleylnaphthalenesulfonio acid 

Tetrahydronaphthalenesulfonic acid — 

♦Petroleum aromatic oon^iounds, sulfonated: 

»Acid-layer-type petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt 

Oil-layer-type petroleum sulfonate 

Oil-layer-type petroleum sulfonate, ammonium 

salt. 
Oil-layer-type petroleum sulfonate, barium salt- 
Oil-layer-type petroleiim sulfonate, calcium salt 
Oil-layer-type petroleum sulfonate, lead salti — 

»Oil-layer-type petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt- 

*M'L other sulfated and sulfonated cyclic surface- 
active agents: 

Butylbiphenylsulfonic acid 

Butylhydroxybiphenylsulfonic acid 

N-Cyclohexylpalmitoyltaurine 

Dibutylhydroxybiphenyldisulfonic acid ~ 

Dicapryl sulfosuccinate, sodium salt- — 

N,N-Diethylcyclohexylamine salt of lauryl 
sulfate . 

Nonylphenoxypolyethoxyethyl sulfate 

Octylphenoxypolyethoxyethyl sulfate 

Ootylphenoxypolyethoxyethyl sulfonate 

Toluene sulfonate, sodium salt 

Trichlorophenolethanolamine sulfate 

o-Xylenesulfonio acid, calcium salt 

SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC 

*Esters and ethers, nonsulfonated: 

Diethylene glycol ester of tall oil fatty acid 

•Diethylene glycol monolaurate 

♦Diethylene glycol mono-oleate-- — — — — 

♦Diethylene glycol monostearate ™ 

Dlisobutylene maleate, sodium salt-— 

Dipolyethoxyethyl ether of polyoxypropylene glycol 

Ethylene glycol mono-oleate 

♦Ethylene glycol monostearate 

Glyceryl esters of normal fatty acids 



385. 
1. 



A29. 



AS, 245, 385, 561. 

15, 65, 140, 178, 191, 195, 210, 245, 276, 298, 332, 
349, 385, 417, 429, 446, 473, 505, 516, 527, 529, 
534, 549, 550, 555, 566, 571, 573, 596, X, X. 

245. 

566. 

365. 
446. 
573. 

19, 202. 
19. 

464, 566. 

550. 

470. 



294 

178 

15, 

516 

333, 

421. 

333, 

333. 

438, 

58. 

276. 

333. 



403, 495. 
342. 
342, 516, 550, 566. 

374, 385, 421, 496, 516, 550. 

382, 429, 464, 527. 

589. 



81, 362, 404, 518, 555, 560. 

81, 560. 

■^18. 

210, 464, 518. 
223, 303, 518. 
555. 

38, 81, 210, 223, 318, 362, 404, 405, 493, 502, 518, 
566. 



245. 
245. 
550. 
245. 
493. 
333. 

550, 571. 

493. 

493. 

385. 

550. 

75. 



140, 
183, 
183, 
123, 
X. 
493. 
549. 
573. 
123, 
417, 



X. 

262, 370, 421. 

262, 370, 421, 499, X. 

140, 183, 255, 262, 284, 370, 421, 431, 446, X, 



183, 255, 262, 370, 446. 



128 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 24B, --Synthetic organic chemicals: Surface-active agents for which United States producti 
were reported , identified by manufacturer , J95J- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

»Esters and ethers, nonsulfonated — Continued 

Glyceryl maleate mono-oleate 

Glyceryl monococate 

Glyceryl monoester of lard 

Glyceryl monoester of soybean oil 

^Glyceryl mono-oleate 



^Glyceryl monostearate- 



Hexitol polyoxyalkylene beeswax ester 

Hexitol polyoxyalkylene dilaurate 

Hexitol polyoxyallqrlene dioleate 

Hexitol polyoxyalkylene fatty acid ester 

Hexitol polyoxyalkylene hexalaurate 

Hexitol polyoxyalkylene hexaoleate- 



Hexitol polyoxyalkylene hexastearate 

Hexitol polyoxyalkylene hexa(tall oil) ester 

Hexitol polyoxyalkylene lanolin ester 

Hexitol polyoxyalkylene mono (tall oil) ester 

Hexitol polyoxyalkylene oleate 

Hexitol polyoxyalkylene pentalaurate 

Hexitol polyoxyalkylene penta(tall oil) ester 

Hexitol polyoxyalkylene tetra(oleate, laurate) 
ester. 

Hexitol polyoxyalkylene tetra(tall oil) ester 

Methoxypolyethoxyethyl coconut oil ester 

Polybasic acid esters 

*Polyethoxyethyl castor oil ester 

*Polyethoxyethyl coconut oil ester 

Polyethoxyethyl decyl ether 

*Polyethoxyethyl dilaurate 

*Polyethoxyethyl dioleb ce 

*Polyethoxyethyl distearate 

Polyethoxyethyl tert-dodecyl thioether 

Polyethoxyethyl fatty acid esters 

Polyethoxyethyl lauryl ether 

^Polyethoxyethyl monolaurate 

♦Polyethoxyethyl mono-oleate 



Polyethoxyethyl monopalmitate 

Polyethoxyethyl monoricinoleate — 
♦Polyethoxyethyl monostearate 



Polyethoxyethyl oleyl ether 

Polyethoxyethyl palmitoylethanol- 

Polyethoxyethyl rosin ester 

Polyethoxyethyl tall oil ester 

Polyethoxyethyl tallow ester 

Polyethoxyethyl trideoyl ether 

Polyethoxy stearate 

Polyglyceryl oleate 

Polyoxyalkylene fatty acid ester- 

Polyoxyalkylene lanolin ether 

Polyoxyalkylene resin ester 



1 , 2-Propylene glycol monococate 

1,2-Propylene glycol monolaurate 

1,2-Propylene glycol mono-oleate 

«l,2-Propylene glycol monostearate 

Propylene glycol polyoxyalkylene stearate 

Propylpolyethoxyethyl ether of polyoxypropylene 

glycol. 
•Nitrogen-containing surface-active agents, 

nonsulfonated : 

Alkylaminopolyethoxy ethanol 

Alkylsulfoamidoacetic acid, sodium salt 

N- (Aminoethyl )-N- (hydroxyethyl )oleamide (Oleamide 

of aminoethylethanolamine ) . 
*N- (Aminoethyl )-N- (hydroxyethyl )stearamide (Stear- 

amlde of aminoethylethanolamine). 

Cetylbetaine 

Cetylethyldimethylammonium bromide 

Cetyl, lauryl trimethylammonium bromide, mixed 

Cetyltrimethylammonium acetate 

Cetyltrimethylamraonium bromide — 

Cocate diethanolamine —— 

Coconut oil amide of aminoethylethanolamine 

♦Coconut oil amide of mono (diethanolamine) 

(Diethanol lauramide). 



X. 

X. 

438, 541. 

541. 

123, 183, 259, 262, 370, 417, 421, 4^6, 499, 517, 

541, X. 
53, 123, 183, 255, 262, 276, 370, 421, 431, 438, 

541, X. 
417. 
417. 
417. 
417. 
417. 
417. 
417. 
417. 
417. 
417. 
417. 
417. 
417. 
417. 

417. 

140, 370, 438. 

466. 

342, 421, 550, X. 

1, 178, 255, 276, 534, 573. 

417. 

183, 342, 370, 374. 

342, 370, 429, 573. 

284, 370, 517, X. 

245, 464, 517, 573, 580. 

470. 

178, 333, 417. 

24, 109, 262, 265, 284, 342, 370, 421, 438, 446, 

517, 550. 
109, 178, 183, 262, 284, 342, 370, 374, 385, 417, 

421, 429, 438, 4S5, 517, 534, 550, 573, 581. 
417. 

370, 421. 
109, 140, 178, 183, 255, 262, 269, 284, 342, 370, 

374, 417, 421, 479, 517, 550, X. 
333, 417, 550. 
550. 
222. 

58, 140, 245, 417, 421, 517, 550, 573, X. 
140, 284, 429, 554, 
417. 
493. 
541. 
417. 
417. 
417. 
X. 

183, 262, 370, 417, X. 
262, 370, 483. 
123, 262, 276, 370, 541, X. 
417. 
549. 



417. 
550. 
358, 385, 421. 

15, 140, 284, 332, 349, 358, 365, 374, 385, 403, 

421, 428, 429, 566, 575. 
333, 591. 
591. 
333. 
591. 
591. 
X. 

140, 332. 
109, 115, 284, 332, 342, 349, 374, 385, 421, 429, 

438, 446, 529, 561, 571, 575, X. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



129 



TABLK 24B, --Syntbet ic organic chemicals: Surface-act ive agents for which United States product ion 
were reported , identified by manufacturer , J95J- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



SURT ACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

»Nitrogen-containing surface-active agents, 

nonsulf onated — Cont inued 

»Coconut oil amide of bis(diethanolamine) 

Coconut oil amide of diethanolamine (neither bis 

nor mono). 

Coconut oil amide of diethylenetriamine 

Coconut oil amide of isopropanolamine 

Coconut oil amide of monoethanolamine (Ethanol 

lauramide). 
Coconut oil ester of ethanolamine hydrochloride-- 

Coconut oil trimethylammonium chloride 

Deoylbetaine- 



Dicoconut oil dimethylammonium chloride 

Dihydrogenated tallow dimethylammonium chloride 

N, N-Di (2-hydroxyethyl )bisoleamide 

N,N-Di (2-hydroxyethyl )lauramide (Diethanolamine 
laurate ) . 
»N , N-Di ( 2-hydroxyethyl )oleamide (Diethanol oleamide ) 
*N , N-Di (2-hydroxyethyl )stearamide (Diethanol 
stearamide). 

Dilaurylammonium bromide 

Dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide 

Dodecyltrimethylammonium chloride 
Dodecyltrimethylammonium tosylate 



Ethanollaurylamide-ethylene oxide condensate 

N,N-Ethylene bisstearamide 

Fish oil amide of diethanolamine, potassium salt 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)myristamide (Ethanol myristamide) 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)oleamide (Ethanol oleamide) 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)stear amide 

N-(Hydroxymethyl)stearamide (Methylolstearamide ) 

N-(Hydroxymethyl)stearamide, methyl ester 

N-(2-Hydroxypropyl)oleamide (Isopropanol oleamide )- 
Laurie myristic diethanolamine- 



N-Lauroylisopropanolamide 

N-Lauroylpolypeptide-— — — 

Lauroylsarooside 



Nitrogen base stearates — 

Octadecylethyldimethylammonium bromide 

Octadecyltrimethylammonium chloride 

Octadecyltrimethylenediamine 

Oleamide of diethylenetriamine 

Oleylaminopolyethoxyethanol ~ 

Oleylbiguanide hydrochloride 

Oleylpolypeptide — 



Oleylsarcosin (N-Methyloleoylglyoine), sodium salt- 
Palm oil amide of ami noethylethanolamine 

N-Polyethoxy oocoamine — 

Polyethoxyethanol mixed fatty amides and amines 

Polyethoxyethyl casein 

Polypeptide 

Soybean oil aeyl chloride salt of sodium 

lysalbinate. 
Soybean oil diethyltriamino-ethylene oxide addition 

product, ammonium salt. 
Soybean oil trimethylammonium chloride- — — — 

*Stearamide of diethylenetriamine 

»Stearamide of tetraethylenepentamine- 



l-Stearamido-l'-adipoamido diethyleneamine 

l-Stearamido-l'-sebacamido diethylenediamine—-- 

Stearic acid ester of N- (2-hydroxyethyl )stearamide- 

Stearylaminopolyethoxyethanol 

Stearylbiguanlde hydrochloride 

Triethanolamine coconut oil eater — — — 

Triethanolamlne oleate _.—-_-— 

Triethanolamine stearate— — — — —- .-- 



Trihexylammonium sulfotrlcarballylate 

Trimethylatearylammonium bromide 

•Phosphorus-containing surface-active agents, 
nonsulf onated : 

Alkyl phosphates (mixed, nonionic) 

Alkyl polyphosphate, sodium salt- 



Diethanolamlne salts of mixed mono- and diallcyl 
acid phosphates. 

Ethylhexyl sodium phosphate 

Lauryl phosphate 

Octyl polyphosphate, potassium salt 

Octyl polyphosphate, sodium salt — 



17, Ue, lAO, 178, 265, 385, <i21, 4A6, 566, 573, X. 
535. 

58, 421. 

178, 385, <W6. 

15, 58, 178, 276, 3i9, 37-1, AAb, 566, X. 

541. 

23. 

333. 

23. 

23. 

573. 

333. 

109, 123, 342, 403, 446, X. 
58, 342, 385, 421, 446, 566. 

374. 

333. 

23. 

591. 

385. 

123, 342. 

535. 

X. 

421, 575. 

333. 

333. -- 

333. 

X. 

X. 

342. 

244, 274. 

342, 550, 566. 

332. 

591. 

23. 

23. 

358. 

550. 

550. 

274. 

550. 

403. 

550. 

23, 550. 

550. 

274. 

244. 

550. 



358, 365, 374, 382, 429, 575. 
365, 374. 



X. 

550. 



Octyl polyphosphonate and phosphate 

Phosphorus derivatives of capryl and octyl alcohol- 



23. 

58, 

332, 

58. 

58. 

446, 

417, 

550. 

446. 

302, 

24. 

550. 

333. 



208. 
208. 
333. 

392. 

333. 

535. 

208, 535. 

535. 

332. 



130 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 2'iB. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Surface-active agents for which United States production or sale 
were reported , identified by manufacturer , 195J-- Con tinuei! 



Manufacturers ' identification nujnbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC— Continued 



•Salts of fatty acids, nonsulfonated: 
Castor oil, potassium salt 

•Coconut oil, potassium salt 

Coconut oil, sodium salt 

Corn oil, potassium salt 

Corn oil, sodium salt 

Fish oil, potassium salt 

Potassium laurate 

•Potassium oleate 



•Potassium resinate 

Potassium stearate — 

•Potassium tallate — 

•Sodium oleate 

Sodium stearate 

Sodium tallate 

Soybean oil, potassium salt 

Tall oil, potassium salt 

Tallow, potassium salt 

Tallow, sodium salt- 



•Sulfated and sulfonated acyclic surface-active 
agents : 
•Acids, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Acetyloleic acid, sulfonated 

Coconut oil fatty acids, sulfonated 

Cottonseed oil fatty acids, sulfonated 

Fish oil fatty acids, sulfonated 

•Oleic acid, sulfonated (Sulfonated red oil)- 



Ricinoleic acid, sulfonated 

Soybean oil fatty acids, sulfonated 

All other 

•Alcohols, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Capryl and octyl alcohols, sulfated 

Cetyl and oleyl alcohols, sulfated 

n-Deoyloxyethyl sulfate 

Dieapryl sulfate 

3, 9-Diethyl-6-tridecyl sulfate 

2-Ethylhexyl sulfate 

7-Ethyl-2-methyl-^undecyl sulfate 

Hexadecyl sulfate- 



Lauryl, oleyl sulfate, mixed, sodium salt 

Lauryl sulfate, ammonium salt 

Lauryl sulfate, diethanolamine salt 

Lauryl sulfate, monoethanolamine salt 

Lauryl sulfate, potassium salt — 

Lauryl sulfate, sodium salt (Sodium dodeoyl 

sulfate). 

•Lauryl sulfate, triethanolamine salt 

Octadeoyl sulfate (Stearyl sulfate) 

Polyethoxyethyloctadecyl sulfate 

Polyethoxyethyloctadecyl sulfate, diethanolamine 

salt. 

Tridecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

•Esters, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Bis-sulfosuccinate ester of tallow monoglyceride 

Butylethyleneglycol sulfo-oleate — — 

n-Butyl sulfo-oleate 

n-Butyl sulforicinoleate, sodium salt 

Di(2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuocinate, sodium salt 

Dlhexyl sulfosuocinate, sodium salt 

Ethyl and butyl sulfoaoonitate, sodium salt 

Ethyleneglycol sulfo-oleate 

Ethyl sulfo-oleate 

Glycerol mono(coconut oil) ester, sulfated, 

ammonium salt. 
Glycerol mono(coconut oil) ester, sulfated, 

sodium salt. 
Glycerol monostearate sulfoaoetate, sodium salt- 

•Glycerol tri (sulfo-oleate ) 

•Isopropyl sulfo-oleate 



Lauroyl ethylaulf onate , sodium salt 

Lauryl sulfoacetate 

Methyl sulfo-oleate 

Methyl, ethyl, and propyl sulfo-oleate 

n-Octadecylsulfosuocinate, disodium salt- 
an-Propyl sulfo-oleate 

Synthetic glyceride, sulfonated 



534. 

113, 140, 284, 428, 438, 575. 
284. 

16, 113, 534. 
24. 
535. 

265, 421. 

16, 113, 140, 164, 293, 328, 356, 385, 403, 421, 
428, 561, 573, 581. 

15, 332, 566, 573. 

16, 164, 293. 

16, 24, 113, 140, 265, 534, 535. 

15, 16, 140, 356, 385, 421, 438, 464, 566, 575. 
231, 293, 314, 421, 429, 515, 566. 

140, 265, 421, 534. 
113, 438, 534. 
573. 
438. 

16, 332, 534. 



333. 

14, 356. 

136. 

48, 259, 421. 

14, 15, 48, 54, 65, 81, 112, 130, 136, 143, 178, 
259, 269, 293, 298, 332, 341, 356, 365, 382, 403, 
421, 429, 438, 491, 529, 550, 566, 571, 573, 596. 

421, 438. 

421. 

113, 495. 



332. 

294. 

333, 

X. 

535. 

392. 

392. 

392. 

333, 

333. 

100, 

333. 

470. 

100, 

100, 



342. 
276, 571. 



276, 516. 

178, 276, 333, 374, 429, 493, 566, 571. 



100, 276, 333, 374, 571. 

276, 332, 333. 

333. 

333. 

140. 

464, 

428. 

140, 365, 374, 566. 

450. 

178, 342, 464, 535. 

464. 

140, 464. 

428. 

550. 

X. 

376, X. 



541. 
178, 
178, 
438. 
527. 
365, 
421. 
464. 
265, 
566. 



429, 438, 554. 
332, 349, 382, 516. 



403, 464, 499, 554, 573. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



131 



TABLE 24B... Synthetic organic chemicals: Surface-active agents for which United States production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , 795J- -Continued 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

»Sulfated and sulfonated acyclic surface-active 
agents — Continued 
»Esters, sulfated and sulfonated — Continued 

Tallow and coconut oil fatty acids, ethyl ester, 

sulfonated. 
»Nitrogen-containing surface-active agents, sulfated 

and sulfonated: 
Castor oil monoethanolamide, sulfated, sodium 

salt. 
Coconut oil amide of isopropanolamine, sulfated, 

sodium salt. 
Coconut oil amide of monoethanolamine , sulfated, 

potassium salt. 
*Coconut oil amide of monoethanolamine, sulfated, 

sodium salt. 
Coconut oil fatty acid ethanolamide sulfosuc- 

cinate, sodium salt. 
N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)oleamide, sulfated (Oleic acid 

ethanolamide sulfate), sodium salt. 
N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)stearamide, sulfated (Stearic 

acid ethanolamide sulfate), sodium salt. 
Laurie acid ester of potassium sulfoaceto- 

ethanolamide . 

Lauroylamidoethyl sulfate, sodium salt 

•N-Methyloleoyltaurine, sodium salt 

N-Methylpalmitoyltaurine, sodium salt 

N-(Myristoylethyl)sulfosuocinamide, sodium salt- 
Neat 's-foot oil amide of ethanolamine , sulfated, 

ammonium salt. 
Octadecylamine-l-epiohlorohydrin reaction 

product, sulfonated. 

N-Octadecylsulfosuocinamide, disodium salt 

Oleoyl isopropanolamide sulfate, ethanolamine 

salt. 
N-(01eoylisopropyl)sulfosucclnamide, sodium salt 
Tallow amide of ethanolamine sulfosuccinate, 

sodium salt. 
*011s, fats, and waxes, sulfated and sulfonated: 
Animal fats and oils, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Grease other than wool grease, sulfonated 

Lard oil, sulfonated 

»Neat' 8-foot oil, sulfonated 

Oleostearine, sulfonated 

»Tallow, sulfonated ■ 



Wool grease, sulfonated 

All other 

*Flsh and marine-animal oils, sulfated and 
sulfonated: 
«Cod oil, sulfonated 

*Herring oil, sulfonated 

»Menhaden oil, sulfonated 

Mixed fish oils, sulfonated 

Red fish oil, sulfonated 

Salmon oil, sulfonated 

»Sperm oil, sulfonated 

Whale oil, sulfonated 

»Tall oil, sulfonated 

•Vegetable oils, sulfated and sulfonated: 
"Castor oil, sulfonated — 



"Coconut oil, sulfonated' 

"Com oil, sulfonated 

Cottonseed oil, sulfonated- 
Linseed oil, sulfonated- 



Mustard-seed oil, sulfonated- 

Olive oil, sulfonated — 

Palm-kernel oil, sulfonated — 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



385. 

178, 575. 

332. 

15, 58, 140, 178, 332, 342, 349, 358, 374, 385, 516, 

566, 575. 
X. 

403, 421. 

429. 

X. 

351. 

15, 140, 349, 429, 505, 535, 550, 566, 575. 

550. 

X. 

58. 

464. 

464. 
X. 



X. 

403. 



136, 189, 421, 534. 

52, 58, 150, 385, 553, 573. 

54, 58, 60, 65, 117, 130, 143, 150, 259, 328, 356, 

421, 438, 491, 534. 
130. 
15, 65, 80, 81, 130, 136, 140, 143, 150, 178, 189, 

259, 279, 284, 298, 307, 319, 332, 349, 365, 374, 

382, 403, 421, 429, 438, 464, 491, 501, 534, 554, 

566, 573. 
136. 
150, 464. 



37, 52, 117, 130, 136, 150, 328, 356, 421, 428, 429, 

438, 491, 505, 534, 553, 573. 
37, 130, 136, 150, 421, 534, 553. 
136, 150, 534, 553, 
150. 
464. 
150. 
37, 52, 54, 117, 130, 136, 143, 150, 178, 328, 341, 

349, 356, 374, 421, 428, 429, 438, 464, 491, 505, 

534, 553, 573. 
150. 
15, 58, 130, 143, 178, 259, 269, 365, 421, 464, 505, 

534, 596. 

15, 48, 54, 58, 65, 81, 112, 117, 130, 136, 140, 
143, 149, 150, 189, 259, 265, 269, 279, 284, 298, 
304, 307, 328, 332, 333, 341, 349, 356, 365, 374, 
380, 382, 385, 421, 428, 429, 436, 438, 464, 491, 
495, 505, 529, 534, 550, 553, 556, 561, 566, 571, 
573. 

37, 65, 130, 150, 341, 421, 438, 464, 505, 553. 

14, 65, 113, 421, 464, 571. 

150, 341, 421. 

150, 491, 505. 

421, 491, 571. 

429, 436, 505. 

553. 



132 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



-Synthet ic organic chemicals; Sur face -active agents for which United States production or sales 
were reported , identified by manufacturer , 2955- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

■"■Sulfated and sulfonated acyclic surface-active 
agents — Continued 
*Oils, fats, and waxes, sulfated and sulfonated — 
Continued 
*Vegetable oils, sulfated and sulfonated — 
Continued 

■»Peanut oil, sulfonated 

Rapeseed oil, sulfonated 

Hioe-bran foots, sulfonated 

^fRice-bran oil, sulfonated 

■^Soybean oil, sulfonated 

Soybean-oil foots, sulfonated 

Teaseed oil, sulfonated 

All other 

All other oils, fats, and waxes, sulfated and 
sulfonated: 

Japan wax, synthetic, sulfonated 

Petroleum aliphatic compounds, sulfated and 
sulfonated: Petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt, 

Recovered grease, sulfonated 

All other 



81, 298, 307, 3A1, 403, 421, 46-4, 491, 554. 

178. 

65, 421. 

15, 189, 307, 349, 421, 429, 438. 

15, 54, 136, 143, 150, 349, 374, 438, 491, 534, 553. 

113. 

505. 

140. 



140. 

109, 286, 333. 



130, 136, 356. 
333, 426, 429, 534. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



133 



Pesticides and Other Organic Agricultural Chemicals 



TABLE 2SB.--Synthetic organic chemicals; Pesticides and other orHanic agricultural chemicals for which United 
States product ion or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1953 

[Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals for which separate statistics are given in table 25A 
are marked below with an asterisk (») ; products not so marked do not appear in table 25A because the re- 
ported data are confidential and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below 
are taken from table 27. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his 
identification number with the designated product] 



Manuf aotxirers ' identification nijmbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL 
CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 



•Fungicides and seed disinfectants: 
p-Benzylphenol- 



Chloranil (Tetrachloro-p-quinone)- 
2-Chloro-<i- ( hydroxymerour i ) phenol- 
2, 3-Diohloro-l , -i-naphthoquinone- 



3, 5-Dimethyltetrahydro-3, 5-thiadiazine-2-thione — 
N-(Ethylmercuri)-p-toluenesulfananilide— — — 
Hydroxymerourinitrophenol- 

*Naphthenic acid, copper salt 

Pentachlorophenol 

Pentachlorqphenol, sodium salt- 

Phenyl mercuric hydroxide - ■ 

Phenyl mercuric lactate- 
Phenyl mercuric monoethanolaramonium acetate——- 
Phenyl mercuric naphthenate — 

•Phenyl mercuric oleate— — — ■■ 

Phenyl mercuric triethanolammonium lactate——-— 
Phenyl mercuric urea- 



»8-Quinolinol ( 8-Hydroxyquinoline) , copper salt- 
2,3,A,6-Tetraohlorqphenol- 



N-Trlchloromethylthiotetrahydrophthalimide- 
2,'4,5-Trlehlorciphenol- 



2,4,5-Trichlorophenol, ethanolamine salt- 

2,4,5-Trichlarophenol, sodium salt 

2 , <♦, 6-Trlohlorqphenol- 



2,4-,6-Triohlorophenol, potassium salt- 
•Herbicides and plant hormones: 
2-seo-Amyl-<i, 6-dinltrophenol- 



2-seo-Butyl-4,6-dinltrophenol 

2-seo-Butyl-4, 6-dinitrqphenol, triethanolamine 

salt. 

l-(p-Chlorophenyl)-3,3-dimethylurea 

3-(3,4-Oiohlarcrphenyl)-l,l-dimethylurea— — — - 
3-(3,4-Dichlorophenyl)-l-methylurea 
l,2-Dihydro-3,6-pyridazlnedione (Malelo hydrazide) 

l,l-Dimethyl-3-phenylurea 

3,6-Endoxyhexahydrcphthalio acid, dlsodium salt— 
Isopropyl N-( 3-chlorophenyl) carbamate— ————— 

Isqpropyl N-phenylcarbamate (Isopropyl 

oarbanilate) (IPC). 
•Naphthalene- and naphthox^-acetic acid 
derivatives : 

1-Naphthaleneacetamide- 



l-Naphthaleneaoetic acid 

1-Naphthaleneaoetic acid, methyl ester- 

1-Naphthaleneacetic acid, sodium salt — 
2-Naphthoxyacetic acid- 



2-Naphthoxyaoetic acid, sodium salt- 

N-1-Naphthylphthalamic acid ~ 

Phenoxyacetic acid, salts and derivatives: 
2-Chloro-4-mothoxyphenoxyacetic acid, 

dlmethylamlne salt. 
2-Chloro-4-methoxyphenoxyaoetic acid, iso-octyl 

ester, 
'»-Chloro-2-methylphenoxyacetio acid 
p^hlorqphenoxyncetic acld- 
*2,4^ichlorophenoxyBcetio acid (2,4-D)- 
•2,4-Dichlorqphenaxyacetlc acid esters: 
Amyl 2,4-dichlorqphenoxyaoetate- 
Butoxyethanol 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate- 
Butoxypolyprqpyleneglyool 2,'i-dichloro- 

phenoxyaoetate . 
n-Butyl 2,4-dlchlorciphenoxyao9tate— — 
sec-Butyl 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate— 
Ethyl 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate- 



Iso-octyl 2,4-dichlorqphenoxyacetate- 
Isopropyl 2,ii-diohlorcrphenoxyacetate- 



Tetrahydrofiirfuryl 2,'4-dichloraphenoxyacetate 
•2,'t^iohloraphenoxyacetlo acid salts: 

2,'i-Diohlorophenoxyacatic acid, diethanol- 

amlne salt. 
2,4-Diohlorciphenaxyacetio acid, dimethylamine 
salt. 



431. 
378. 
333. 
378. 
479. 
333. 
333. 
110, 
245, 
245, 
211, 
211, 
557. 
211. 
211, 
557. 
211. 
132, 
448. 
177. 
338, 
550. 
245, 
448. 
479, 

3. 

448. 

3. 



333. 

333. 

333. 

378. 

333. 

580. 

245, 391, 463. 

391. 



135, 214, 221, 314, 353, 440, 466, 485, 555, 581. 

448. 

448. 

333. 

325. 



333, 353, 557. 

245, 342, 353. 

448, 594. 

448. 

594. 



271. 
448, 
271, 
271, 
494, 
494. 
378. 



245. 
448. 
245, 

55. 
X. 

448, 

55, 
448 
271 
456 
177 
493 



591, 597. 
597. 
494. 
591. 



391, 448, 456, 493, 517, 594. 



177, 245, 493, 517, 594. 
, 456, 493. 



517. 

271, 448, 456, 493, 517, 594. 



55, 



, 271, 504. 
177, 333, 456, 493, 517, 594. 



134 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 2SB. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals for which United 
States prodtiction or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, J953- -Continued 



Manufacturers' Identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



I 



PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL 
CHEMICALS, CYCLIC — Continued 

*Herbioides and plant hormones — Continued 

Phenoxyacetio acid, salts and derivatives — Con. 
»2,"i-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid salts — Continued 
2,4-Diohlorophenoxyacetic acid, isopropanol- 
ajnine salt . 

2,'4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, sodium salt 

2,4-Diohlorophenoxyacetic acid, triethanol- 
amine salt. 

«2,'i,5-Triohlorophenoxyaoetic acid (2,A,5-T) 

»2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyaoetio acid derivatives: 

Amyl 2,4-,5-trichlorophenoxyaoetate 

Butoxyethanol 2,i4,5-triohlorophenoxyaoetate 

Butoxypolypropyleneglycol 2,'4,5-trichloro- 
phenoxyacetate . 

n-Butyl 2 ,i , 5-trichlorophenoxyaoetate 

Iso-octyl 2,'4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetate 

Isopropyl 2,'*,5-trichlorophenoxyaoetate 

Tetrahydrofurfuryl 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxy- 
aoetate. 

♦Phenyl mercuric acetate 

2, A, 5-Trichlorophenoxypropionio acid 

♦Insecticides: 

Aldrin (Hexaohlorohexahydrodimethanonaphthalene) — 

Allethrin (Allyl homolog of Cinerin I) 

Benzyl thiooyanate— — ~ — ___— — 

l,l-Bis(p-chlorophenyl)-2-nitrobutane 

1, 1-Bis (p-chlorophenyl) -2-nitrqprapane 

2-(p-tert-Butylphenoxy)isopropyl-2-chloroethyl 

sulfite. 
Chlordane (l,2,4,6,7,8,8-octaohloro-4,7-methano- 
3a,4.,7,7a-tetrahydroindane) . 

p-Chlorophenyl p-chlorobenzenesulfonate 

2-Cyolohexyl-<t,6-dinitrophenol 

1,2-Dibromoethylbenzene (Styrene dibromide) 

l,l^ichloro-2,2-bis (p-chlorophenyl )ethane (DDD)~ 

l,l-Diohloro-2,2-bis(p-ethylphenyl)ethane 

2,4-Dichlorophenyl benzenesulfonate _______ 

Dieldrin (Hexachloroepoxyoctahydrodimethano- 
naphthalene ) . 

Dlnitro-octylphenyl crotonate ■ 

4,6-Dinitro-o-cresol (DNOC) 

4,6-Dinltro-o-cresol, sodium salt 

Endrin (Hexachloroepoxyoctahydroendoendodimethano- 

naphthalene ) . 
Ethyl p-nitrciphenyl thlonobenzenephosphonate (EPN) 

Heptaohlor (Heptachlorohydro-4, 7-methanoindene) 

»Hexaohlorooyolohexane (Benzene hexaohloride) 

Lindane — — — — 

Ootachlorooyclohexenone- 



Parathion (0,0-Diethyl O-(p-nitrqphenyl) 
thlophosphate) . 

Thanlte (Isobomyl thiocyanoaoetate) 

Toxaphene (Chlorinated cajnphene)- 



•1, 1, l-Triohloro-2, 2-bis (p-ohlorophenyl)ethane 
(DET). 
l,l,l-Trichloro-2,2-bls(p-methoxyphenyl)ethane 
(Methoxychlor) (Methoxy DDT) . 
Rodentioides: 

l-( 1-Naphthyl) -2-thiourea 

2-Pivalyl-l , 3-indandione 

Warfarin ( 3- ( Aoetonylbenzyl ) -4-hydroxycoumar in) - 

PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL 
CHEMICALS, ACICLIC 



•Fumigants : 
»Bramomethane (Methyl bromide) - 
Chlorqpiorin- 



1,2-Dichlorapropane- 



DlohloroprcpGne-dlohloropropane (D-D mixture) - 
♦Fungicides and seed disinfectants: 

Cadmium succinate 



Copper ethyleaproate - - ■ 

Ccipper hendecenoate (Copper undeoylenate) — — — — 
Dlmethyldithiocarbamlc acid, ferric salt (Ferbam)- 
•Dimethyldithiocarbamio acid, sodium salt- 



245. 
177, 333. 

245, 363, 391, 426, 448, 456, 494, 594. 

55. 

X. 

426, 448. 

44S, 456, 493, 517, 594. 
456, 517. 

177, 245, 456, 517, 594. 
177, 493. 

211, 325, 557. 
271, 363, 494. 

474. 

343, 463, 600. 

338. 

367. 

367. 

378. 

311. 

448, 594. 

448. 

448. 

493, 504. 

493. 

504. 

474. 

493. 
3. 
3. 
474. 

333. 
311. 
161, 217, 275, 331, 333, 338, 345, 367, 391, 426, 430, 

456, 504, 574, 594. 
338, 504, 574, 594. 
563. 
245, 456, 464. 

222, 281. 

222. 

51, 139, 181, 245, 275, 333, 390, 492, 493, 495, 504, 

594. 
333. 



476. 
599. 
600, X. 



♦Dlmetlflrldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt (Zlram)- 



181, 


359, 


448. 






171. 










549. 










258. 










231, 










581. 










494, 


591. 








211, 


333, 


476. 






137, 


211, 


364, 


396, 580. 




211, 


245, 


333, 


364, 378, 396, 


580 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



135 



TABLE 2SB. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, i95J- -Continued 



PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL 
CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC — Continued 

•Fungicides and seed disinfectants — Continued 
Ethyl mercuric acetate- 



Ethyl mercuric chloride 

Ethyl mercuric hydroxide 

Ethyl mercuric phosphate-—- 

Ethylenebis(dithlocarbamic acid), manganese salt — 
Ethylenebis(dithiocarhaiiiic acid), sodium salt 

(Nabam) . 
Ethylenebis(dithiooarbaralo acid), zinc salt (Zineb) 

Methoxyethylmercuric acetate 

Methylmercuric hyiiroxide 

Sodium hendecenoate (Sodium undecylenate) 

Tetraiodoethylene 

Zinc hendecenoate (Zinc undecylenate) 

All other 

♦Herbicides: 

Diethyl dithiobis(thionoformate) 

Trichloroacetic acid- 



Trichloroacetic acid, sodium salt 
•Insecticides: 

Aliphatic thiooyanates 



S-(l,2-Dicarbethoxyethyl) 0,0-dimethyl dithio- 

phosphate (Malathion) . 
Metaldehyde 



Ootamethyl pyrophosphoramide (OMPA) 

Tetraethyl dithionopyrqphosphate 

•Tetraethyl pyrophosphate (TEPP) 



Rodenticides: Sodium fluoroacetate 

•Soil conditioners: 

Methylvinylether-maleio anhydride half -amide 
oqpolymer. 

Polyaorylonitrile, hydrolyzed, sodium salt 

Vinyl aoetate^naleio acid, modified 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



333. 
333. 
333. 
333. 
333. 
333, 493. 

333, 493. 

211. 

599. 

494. 

313. 

313, 494. 

563. 

245. 

448, 504. 
245, 338, 448. 

493. 
464. 

367. 

245. 

245, 476. 

177, 208, 245, 312, 345, 359, 476. 

245. 



268, 464. 
245. 



136 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Miscellaneous Synthetic Organic Chemicals 



TABLE 26B. -Synthetic organic 



chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United Sta 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1953 



production or sales 



[ Miscellaneous chemicals for which separate statistics are given in table 26A are marked below with an 
asterisk (»); chemicals not so marked do not appear in table 26A because the reported data are confi- 
dential and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from table 
27. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification num- 
ber with the designated product] 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 



2-Aminobenzothiazole 

<i-Amino-5- ( e thoxymethyl ) -2-methylpyrimidine 

Benzoic acid salts: 

Ammonium benzoate 

Copper benzoate 

»Sodium benzoate, tech 

*Sodium benzoate, U.S.P 

Benzoin oxijne 

Benzothiazole 

»Benzoyl peroxide 

Benzoyl resorcinol 

3-Benzyl-<»-methylumbelliferone 

Biological stains 

■4,'i'-Bis[phenylureido]-2,2'-stilbenedisulfonic 
acid. 

Boron fluoride-phenol complex 

Butoxysafrol ~ 

2 ( and 3 ) -tert-Butyl-^-methoxyphenol 

tert-Butyl peroxybenzoate 

«i-tert-Butylpyrocatechol 

Butyrolactone 

Camphene 

«Centralite ( N , N '-Diethyl-N , N '-diphenylurea ) 

Chemical indicators: 

m-Cresolsulfonphthalein (m-Cresol purple) 

o-Cresolsulfonphthalein (Cresol red) 

Dibrorao-o-cresolsulfonphthalein (Bromooresol 

purple). 
Dibromothymolsulfonphthalein (Bromothymol blue) — 
Dichlorophenolsulfonphthalein (Chlorophenol red)- 

N,N'-Diphenylbenzidine 

Phenolsulfonphthalein (Phenol red) 

Tetrabromo-ra-cresolsulfonphthalein (Bromocresol 

green ) . 
Tetrabromophenolsulf onphthale in ( Bromophenol 
blue ) . 

Thymolphthalein 

Thymolsulfonphthalein (Thymol blue) 

All other 

"Chemical reagents: 

Aurin tricarboxylic acid 

Barium diphenylamine sulfonate 

Diphenyl carbazide 

Diphenyl carba zone 

Diphenyl thiocarbazone (Dithiazone) 

a,a-Dipyridyl 

Girard P reagent 

N-(1-Naphthyl)ethylenediamine dihydroohloride 

NitroEophenylhydroxylamine (Cupferron) 

Phlorogluc inol CP 

Potass ium biphthalate 

Quinhydrone 

Sodium biphthalate 

Sodium-2 , 5-d ichlorobenzenoneindophenol 

Sulfosalicylic acid, reagent 

o-Tolidine dihydrochloride 

All other 

5-Chloro-a,a_bis[3,5-dichloro-2-hydroxyphenyl]-o- 

toluenesulfonic acid, sodium salt. 
10-Chloro-5,10-dihydrophenarsazine (Dlphenylamine- 

chlorarsine). 
Chlorophyll and derivatives: 

Cp.ro ten 

"Chlorophyll: 

Copper fixed 

Not fixed 

"Chlorophyllins: 

Sodium-copper 

Sodium-iron 

Sodium-magnesium 

Sodium-potassium-copper — 

Sodium-potassium-hydrogen 

Sodium-potassium-iron 

Sodium-potassium-magnesium 



133. 




515. 




2«. 




75. 




397. 




2«, 331, 338, 397, 586. 




133, <;98. 




A6i. 




102, 357, 376, i27. 




550. 




123. 




7, 527. 




550. 




50i. 




229. 




483. 




357. 




-448. 




550. 




333, 395. 




376, 495, 580. 




498, 527. 




498, 527. 




498, 527. 




498, 527. 




498, 527. 




498. 




498, 527, 591. 




498, 527. 




498, 527. 




498, 591. 




498, 527. 




7, 9, 498, 527, 591. 




498. 




498. 




498, 572. 




75, 498, 591. 




498, 572, 591. 




368, 498. 




101, 514. 




498. 




498. 




599. 




498, 504. 




498, 515, 572. 




504. 




498. 




515, 591. 




313. 




7, 101, 462, 498, 508, 527, 


591 


550. 





588. 
326, 588. 

326, 386. 

326. 

326. 

543, 588, 604. 

588. 

588. 

588. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



137 



TABLE 26B. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United States production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1953- -Continued 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC—Continued 



Chlorophyll and derivatives — Continued 

Copper ohlorin-e 

Copper pheophytin 

Xanthophyll 

Cholesterol 

Cumene hydroperoxide 

1,2-Cyclohexanedicart)oxylio anhydride (Hexahydro- 
phthalio anhydride). 

Cyolohexanone peroxide 

Cyolohexene-l,2-dicarboxylio acid (TetraJiydro- 

phthalio acid), disubstituted, polyester salts: 

Barium salt 

Barium cadmium salt 

Cadmium salt 



Cyolohexyl phosphite 

«Cyolopropane 

Deoal^dronaphthalene (Deoalin ) 

Diazodinitrophenol 

2,5-Di-n-butoxyaniline ( Aminohydroquinone , dihutyl 
ether ) . 

p-Dibutoxybenzene (Hydroquinone, dibutyl ether) 

2,5-Di-tert-butylhydroquinone 

p-(Diohlorosulfamyl)benzoic; acid (Halazone) 

2,5-Diethoxyaniline 

p-Diethoxybenzene 

7-Diethylamino-'i-methyloouinarin 

Dihydroxydimethoxybenzophenone 

3 , 5-Diiodosalioylic acid 

Dilsopropylphenyl hydroperoxide 

2,5-Dimethoxyaniline 

p-Dimethoxybenzene (Dimethyl ether of hydroquinone ) • 

o(and p)-Dimethylaminophenol 

Dinitrosopentamethylenetetramine 

Dioxane (1,4-Diethylene oxide) 

Dipentene , hydrogenated • 

Diphenylaoetyl chloride ■ 

Ergosterol 

Ethyl benzoylacetate 

Ethylene glycol monophenyl ether 

Ethylene glycol terpinyl ether 

Ethylenethiourea- 



Manuf acturers ' Identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



Ethyl hydrocaffeate (Ethyl 3,4-dihydroxyhydro- 
oinnamate ) . 

Ethyl oxanilate 

o-Ethylphenylguanidine 

Fenchone 

«Flotation reagents: 



Dioresyldithiophosphorio acid 

Dloresyldithiophosphoric acid, ammonium salt — 

Dioresyldithiophosphorio acid, sodium salt 

Di-o-tolyl thiourea 

Ros in amine 

Rosin amine D ethylene oxide condensate 

«Thiocarbanilide (Diphenyl thiourea) 

Furan. derivatives: 

Furfural (2-Furaldehyde) 

Furoio acid 

Hydrofuramide 

Tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol 

Gallic acid, tsch 

Gasoline antioxidants and inhibitors: 

p-Butylaminophenol 

N,N'-Dl-sec-butyl-p-phenylenediamine 

N,N'-Disalicylidene-l,2-propanedlamine 

All other 

•■Hexamethylenetetramine, tech 

Hydroquinone, tert-butyl dimethyl ether 

8-Hydroxy-l,2-naphthimidazol hydrochloride 

■»Lubrioatlng oil additives: 

Alicyclic compounds, sulfurized 

Alkylphenols , mixed 

2,6-Di-tert-butyl-p-cresol ■ 

2,2'-Dihydroxy-5,5, -di-tert-octylphenol mono- 
sulfide, barium salt. 

High-molecular-«eight hydrocarbons 

Petroleum sulfonate, barium salt 

Tall oil ester, sulfurized 

All other 

p-Menthane 

p-Menthyl hydroperoxide 

p-Methoxyphenol 



326. 

326. 

386, 588. 

558. 

222. 

527. 

357. 



A50. 

450. 

450. 

536. 

73, 231, 435, 522. 

333. 

222. 

483. 

483. 

483. 

565. 

483. 

483. 

123, 376. 

550. 

599. 

222. 

483. 

333, 483. 

75. 

333. 

392. 

338. 

281. 

99. 

463. 

392, 448. 

222. 

580. 

431. 

599. 
245. 
285. 

464. 

464. 

398. 

245, 333, 464. 

222. 

222. 

245, 464, 527. 

475. 
475. 
475. 

338, 475. 
424. 

333. 
333. 
333. 

483. 

72, 333, 387, 397, 487, 515. 

483. 

550. 

518, 560. 

323. 

258, 323, 483. 

464. 

560. 

608. 

608. 

608, X. 

285. 

222. 

431, 483. 



313486 O - 54 - 10 



138 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 26B. -Synthetic organic chemicals: miscellaneous chemicals for which United States production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , i95J- -Continued 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Methyloyolohexanol 

2,2'-Methyleneti5 [-i-ehlorophenol] (Diohlorophene ) — 
2,2'-Methylenebis[3,<i,6-triohlorophenol] (Hexa- 
ohlorophene ) . 

2,2'-Methylenedi-p-cresol 

Methyl glucoside 

Methyl o-methoxybenzoate 

Methyl terpinyl ether 

4.-Methyl-5-thiazole-ethanol 

Methyl toluenesulfonates 

^-i-Methylumhelliferone 

Morpholine 

»Naphthenic acid salts: 

Aluminum naphthenate 

Cadmium naphthenate 

*Caloium naphthenate 

*Cobalt naphthenate 

*Iron naphthenate 

Lead-oobalt-manganese blend 

*Lead naphthenate 

Lithium naphthenate 

■"Manganese naphthenate 

Mercury naphthenate 

Nickel naphthenate 

Rare earth naphthenate 

Strontium naphthenate 

«Zinc naphthenate 

^Organic mercury compounds: 

o-Chloromercur Iphenol ( o ,p-Hydroxyphenylmerourio 

chloride), tech. 

Phenyl mercuric o-benzosulfimide 

Phenyl mercuric borate 

Phenyl mercuric chloride 

Phenyl mercuj-ic hydroxide 

Phenyl mercuric naphthenate 

Phenyl mercuric nitrate 

Phenyl mercuric salicylate 

Phenyl mercuric stearate 

Pyridyl mercuric acetate (Acetoxymerouri- 

pyrldine ) . 

All other 

p,p '-Oxybis[benzenesulfonhydrazide] 

Phenol , sulfurated 

Phenolthiosulfonio acid — 

Phenylmagnesiimi bromide 

*Photographic chemicals: 

S-Amino-ljSji-trlazole 

p-Aminophenol oxalate, acid salt — 

Benzotriazole 

Catechol (Pyrocateohin) 

Chlorobenzotriazole 

p-Diazo-N-benzyl-N-ethylaniline, zinc chloride 

salt. 

*p-Diaz6-N,N-diethylaniline, zinc chloride salt 

p-Diazo-N,N-diethyl-m-phenetidine, zinc chloride 

salt. 
«p-Diazo-N,N-dimethylaniline, zinc chloride salt — 

p-Diazodiphenylamine sulfate 

»p-Diazo-N-ethyl-N-hydroxyethylaniline , zinc 

chloride salt. 
p-Diazo-N-hydroxyethyl-N-methylaniline , zinc 

chloride salt. 
p-Diazo-N-methyl-o-toluidine, zinc chloride salt- 

N,N-Diethyl-p-phenylenedlamine hydrochloride 

N,N-Diethyltoluene-3,4-diamine, monohydrochloride 
2,5-Dihydroxybenzenesulfonic acid (Hydroquinone- 

sulfonio acid), sodium salt. 
N-Ethyl-N-hydroxyethyl-p-phenylenediamine sulfate 
N-Ethyl-N-(P-methanesulfonamidoethyl) toluene -2,5- 

diamine sulfate. 

Hydroquinone ( Hydroquinol ) — — — — 

N- ( Hydroxyphenyl ) glyc ine 

"i-Methoxy-l-naphthol 

p-Methylaminophenol sulfate (Metol) 

5-Methylbenzotriazole 

2-Methylthiazoline 

6-Nitrobenzimidazole ™ 

"i-Phenylpyrocatechol ~ — 

Resorcinol 

All other 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



338. 
229. 
229. 

229. 

287. 

229. 

222. 

515. 

2'i5. 

117, 123, 323. 

392, 448. 

353, 440. 

A85. 

110, 220, 314, 353, 440, 466, 485, 555, 581. 

110, 135, 220, 221, 314, 353, 440, 466, 485, 555, 581. 

314, 353, 440, 466, 485, 555, 581. 

555. 

103, 110, 135, 220, 221, 314, 353, 440, 466, 485, 555, 

581. 
485. 

110, 135, 220, 221, 314, 353, 440, 466, 485, 555, 581. 
353. 

353, 485. 
485. 
485. 
110, 135, 220, 221, 314, 353, 440, 466, 485, 555, 581. 

599. 

325. 
211. 
211. 
325. 
325. 
211. 
325. 
325. 
231. 

479. 
378. 
550. 
550. 
101. 

133. 

75. 

133, 498, 550, 599. 

323. 

133. 

133, 599. 

133, 461, 540, 550, 599. 
133, X. 



133, 


461, 


540, 


599. 


133, 


599. 






133, 


461, 


540, 


599. 


540, 


X. 






X. 
133, 


483. 






433. 








498. 








133, 


461. 






483. 








240, 


483. 






461. 








483. 








424, 


460, 


498. 




498. 








133. 








498. 








483. 








323. 








599. 









SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



139 



TABLE 26B. -Synthetic organic chemicais: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United States production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, ;95J- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 



Phthalic acid, lead salt, dibasic- 

Pinene 

Pinene mercaptan 

Piperonyl butoxide, tech 

Polyethylene terephthalate 

^-Fropiolactone 

»n-Propyl gallate 

Pyrogallol (Pyrogallic acid) 

p-Quinone 

Research chemicals: 

An throne 

Aralljyl chlorides and sulfides — 

Aryl silanes 

Cyclopentane derivatives- 

Guanidine derivatives 

All other 



*Rosin acid salts: 

Aluminum resinate 

»Calclum resinate 

Cobalt resinate 

Copper resinate 

Iron resinate 

Lead resinate 

■"Manganese resinate 

Zinc res inate 

All other 

Salicylanilide 

Salicylic acid, lead salt 

Silicones: 

Methyl silicone fluids 

Pastes 

Sulfosalicylic acid and salt 

«Tall oil (Linoleio-rosin acid) salts: 

Barium zinc tallate 

Calcium tallate 

»Cobalt tallate 

Copper tallate 

»Iron tallate 

»Lead tallate 



Lead-manganese tallate- 

«Manganese tallate 

Zinc glyceryl tallate — 
Zinc tallate 



"Tanning materials, synthetic: 

Bisphenol-formaldehyde, bisulfite type 

Cresol-formaldehyde resin sulfonate, sodium salt — 

Lignosulfonic acid, magnesium salt 

Lignosulfonic acid, sodium salt 

♦Naphthalene condensates: 

1-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, formaldehyde 
condensate and salt. 
»2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, formaldehyde 
condensate and salt. 
2-Naphtholsulfonic acid, formaldehyde 
condensate, sodium salt. 

Phenol -formaldehyde , sulfonated ■, 

Styrene-maleic anhydride interpolymer, partial 

sodium salt. 
Sulfonyldiphenolsulfonic acid formaldehyde 
condensate . 

Terpene hydrocarbons 

1,2,3,^-Tetrahydronaphthalene (Tetralin) 

Tetraphenyl tin 

Textile chemicals, other than surface-active agents: 

Diphenyl-l,2-propanediamine 

Protalbinio acid mixture 

Saccharide , bisulfite — 

Stearamide methylpyridinium chloride 

2,2' -Thiobis [A , 6-dichlorophenoll 

Thiophenol 

Thymol iodide 

o-Tolylbiguanlde 

Tri-tert-aiiylphenyl phosphite 

N-Trichloromelamine 

1,5, 5-Tr imethylhydantoin 

Trioxane 

Triphenyl phosphite 

o-Xenylbiguanide 



371. 

395. 

333. 

'i63. 

333. 

563. 

397, 42^, 483, 591. 

231, 424. 

424, 483. 

144, 498. 
128. 

315, 334. 
101. 
464. 

101, 133, 144, 227, 334, 335, 482, 498, 514, 572, 
591, 599. 



89 

110 

89 



131, 292, 440, 581. 
, 135, 440, 581. 



110, 440, 581. 
110, 440, 581. 
395, 440, 581. 



333. 

371. 

346. 
346. 
515, 

440. 
353, 
110, 
135, 
135, 
110, 
110, 
110, 
485. 
110, 

429. 
550. 
19. 
19. 



485. 

135, 220, 314, 353, 440, 466, 485, 581. 

440. 

314, 440. 

135, 220, 314, 353, 440, 466, 485, 581. 

440, 466. 

135, 220, 314, 353, 440, 466, 485, 581. 

440. 



245, 429, 519. 

245, 429, 493, 496, 527. 



429. 



429, 493. 
245, 333. 



333. 
333. 
338. 

566. 

294. 

566. 

333. 

245. 

498, 514. 

599. 

245. 

245.- 

313. 

333. 

418. 

245, 378. 

245. 



140 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 26B. -Synthetic organic chemicals: miscellaneous chemicals for which United States production or sale 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , JPJJ- -Continued 



Chemical 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 



»Acetaldehyde 

Aoetamide 

»Acetic acid, synthetic, 100^- 

»Aoetic acid salts: 

♦Aluminum acetate 

Aluminum subacetate 

Ammonium acetate 

Barium acetate 

Cadmium acetate 

Calcium acetate 

Chromium acetate 

♦Cobalt acetate 

Copper acetate 

Lead acetate 

Lead subacetate 

Lead tetraacetate 

Magnesium acetate 

Manganese acetate 

Mercuric acetate 

Nickel acetate 

Potassitim acetate 

Sodi\im acetate 

Zinc acetate 

All other 

♦Acetic anhydride, 100^: 

From acetaldehyde 

From ethylene 

From tetene- 



From recovered acetic acid by the vapor-phase 

process. 
From acetic acid (other than recovered) by the 
vapor-phase process. 
Aoetin: 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



Mono- 



Di 

Tri 

♦Acetone: 

By fermentation 

♦From isopropyl alcohol 

All other 

Acetonitrile 

Acetonylacetone (2 , 5-Hexanedione ) 

Aoetylacetone (2,'i-Pentanedione) 

Acetyl bromide 

Acetyl chloride ■ 

l-Aoetyl-2-thiohydantoin 

Aconitic acid 

Aorylamide 

Aorylate esters, above ethyl 

Acrylic acid 

Acrylic acid, calciiim salt 

♦Acrylonitrile 

Acrylyl chloride 

Adipio ^cid 

Adiponitrile 

Aldol ( Aoc taldol ) 

Alkyl hydrogen phosphate and salts 

Allyl alcohol 

Allyl isothiooyanate , coram 

Aluminum Isopropoxide (Aluminum isopropylate ) 
♦Amines : 

Allylamine 

♦n-Butylamine , mono 

tert-Butylamine 

Coconut oil amine — 

Diallylamine 

Di-n-butylamine 

Diethylamine- 



Diethylamine hydrochloride 

Diethylene glycol 

N^,N-'--Diethyl-l,'»-pentanediamine (Novoldiamine) 

N , N-Diethyl-1 , 3-propaned iamine 

Dilsobutylamine 

Diisopropylamine 

Dimethylamine 

Dlmethy Iamine hydrochloride 

Dimethylamine sulfate 

N,N-Dimethyl-l,3-propanediamine 

Dimethyloctadecylamlne (Stearyldlmethylaraine ) 

Dlpropylamine 



216, 
50"^. 
216, 

392, 
515. 
281, 
281, 
281, 
281, 
«9, 
110, 
110, 
281, 
281, 
101. 
281, 
110, 
504. 
110, 
281, 
231, 
281, 
75. 

222. 
392. 
392. 
222, 

222, 



262, 
370, 

216, 
258, 
252, 
392. 
39;.. 
392. 
'i98. 
582. 
-198. 
ASe. 
A6A. 
-493. 
464, 
493. 
245, 
153. 
333. 
333. 
392. 
245. 
258. 
599. 
47, 

599. 

392, 
493. 



392, 
360. 
430. 
376. 
464. 
580 
580. 
245, 
360. 
493. 
464, 
493. 
580, 



222, 252, 333, 344, 367, 392, 418, 483. 

222, 252, 392, 418, 483. 

429, 464, 504, 515. 

504. 

429, '504. 

504. 

504, 515. 

464. 

135, 281, 440. 

281, 392, 504. 

504, 521, 581. 

504, 515. 

504. 
281, 4^0. 

440. 

392, 504, 515. 
281, 392, 504, 515. 
392, 504, 515. 



418, 483. 
418, 483. 



370. 
483. 

218, 367, 463. 
392, 481, 483. 
418. 



493, 563. 
392, 464. 



483, 580. 



580. 
580. 



333, 367, 493. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



141 



TA3LE 26B.- -Synthetic organic chemicals: Misceiianeous chemicals for which United States prockiction or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , 19 53 --Continued 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 



^Amines — Continued 

Dodecylamine 

Ethylamine, mono 

Ethylenediamine 

Hexadeoylamine 

Hexamethylenediamine 

3,3 '-Iminobispropylamine 

Isobutylamlne 

Isopropylajnine 

*Methyla]iiine , mono 

Methylaralne , mono, hydrochloride — 
1-Methylhexylamine (2-Heptylamine)- 

Ootadeoylamine 

Octylaraine 

Polyethyleneamines — 

Propylamine , mono 

Propylened iamine - 



Soybean oil amine- 
Tallow amine 



Tallow amine, hydrogenated 

Tributy Iamine 

Trietl^flamine 

Trimethylamlne 

Trimethylamine hydrochloride 

All other 

2-Amino-l-butanol 

Aminoguanidine sulfate 

2-Amino-2-(hydroxymethyl)-l,3-propanediol (Tris- 
(hydroxyrae thyl)aminome thane) . 

2-Amino-2-methyl-l,3-propanediol 

2-Amino-2-methyl-l-propanol 

2-Amino-2-methyl-l-propyl hydrogen phosphate 

3-Aminopropanol 

»Aiiiyl acetates, 90%, primary: 

Normal : 

Isoamyl 

Mixed isomers 

*Amyl alcohols, 100%: 

Crude fusel oil 

Refined fusel oil 

Primary: 

Normal (n-Butylcarbinol ) 

Active ( 2-Methylbutanol-l ) 

Isoamyl (3-Methylbutanol-l) 

Mixed 

Secondary: 

Pentanol-2 (Methylpropylcarbinol) 

Pentanol-3 (Diethylcarbinol) 

Mixed 

Tertiary: 

Amyl (2-Methylbutanol-2) 

Mixed 

Amyl ether 

Amyl mercaptan (1-Pentanethiol) 

Amyl nitrate mixt\ire 

Amyl potassium sodium phosphate 

Azelaic acid 

/3, ff '-Azodiisobutyronitr ile ___— 

/9, /S'-Azobisformamide (Azocarbonamide) 

Barium and zinc salts of wool grease with phospho- 
rus sesquisulfite. 

Behenlc acid 

»Bis(2-chloroethyl) ether (Diohlorodiethyl ether), 
all grades. 
Bis(chloroisopropyl) ether (Dichloroisopropyl 
ether) . 

Bis(2-ethylhexyl) hydrogen phosphite 

Boron fluoride ethyl ether cong^lex 

Bromal 

N-Bromoacetamide 

o-Bromolaurio acid 

N-Bromosuccinimide (Succinlbromimide) 

»Butyl acetates, 90%: 

Normal 

Iso 

Secondary- 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in tfible 27) 



Butyl (mono) acid orthophosphate- 
»Butyl alcohols, 100%: 
Primary: 

»Normal (n-Propyloarbinol) 

Iso (Isopropylcarbinol) 

Mixed 



23. 

392, 580. 

392. 

23. 

333. 

464. 

580. 

392, 580. 

333, 367, 493. 

360. 

442. 

23. 

23, 392, 493. 

392. 

580. 

392. 

23. 

23. 

23. 

580. 

392, 580. 

333, 367, 493. 

333. 

493. 

367. 

550. 

367. 

367. 
367. 
535. 



216, 367. 




53, 333, 414, 463. 




580. 




367. 

216, 333, 367, 463. 




580. 




333. 




367, 414, 463, 481. 




252, 580. 




580, X. 




392. 




580. 




379, 580. 




580. 




580. 




512, 580. 




426. 




245. 




499. 




363. 




378. 




464. 




260. 




321, 392, 430, 448, 


549 


392, 448, 549,, 




312. 




440, 504. 




379. 




101. 




333. 




101, 527. 





216, 333, 367, 392, 418, 463, 483. 

418, 483. 

216, X. 
208. 



216, 218, 252, 367, 392, 418, 463, 483. 
252, 333, 392, 414, 418, 483, 484. 
418. 



142 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 26B.- -Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United States production 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , i953-- Continued 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC—Continued 



»Butyl alcohols, 1005^— Continued 

Secondary (Methylethyloarbinol) 

Tertiary (Trimethylcarbinol) 

Butylene glycol (1,2- and 1,3- mixture) 

Butyl ether (Di-n-butyl ether) »■— 

2-Butyl-2-ethyl-l,3-propanediol 

tert-Butyl hydroperoxide 

Butyl lactate 

tert-Butyl peroxide (Di-tert-butyl peroxide )- 

tert-Butyl peroxyacetate 

Butyraldehyde 

Butyraldehyde oxime 

Butyric acid- 



Butyric acid, sodiijiii salt 

Butyric anhydride 

Butyryl chloride 

Capric acid (n-Decylie acid) 

Caproio acid 

Caprolaotam (2-Oxohexamethyleniiiiine)- 
Capryl chloride (Decanoyl chloride)— 

Caprylic acid (Octanoic acid) 

«Caprylic acid salts: 

Aluminum caprylate 

Sodium caprylate- 



Triethanolamine trioaprylate 

Zinc caprylate 

«Carbon disulfide 

^Cellulose esters: 

^Cellulose acetate 

Cellulose acetate butyrate 

Cellulose acetate propionate 

Cellulose nitrate 

«Cellulose ethers: 

Ethyl cellulose 

Methyl cellulose 

»Sodium carboxymethylcellulose , 100^ 

Sodium carboxymethylhydroxyethylcellulose 

"Chloral (Trichloroacetaldehyde ) 

Chloroacetaldehyde dimethyl acetal 

*Chloroacetic acid, mono 

Chloroacetic acid, mono, derivatives: 

Butyl monochloroaoetate 

Ethyl monochloroacetate 

Methyl monochloroaoetate 

Sodium monochloroacetate 

Chloroacetone (l-Chloro-2-propanone) 

Chloroacetyl chloride 

Chlorodiethoxymethylsilane 

2-Chloroethyl acetate 

2-Chloroethyl methyl ether (2-Chloroethoxymethane)- 

Chloromaleic anhydride, mono 

Chloromethyl methyl ether 

Chloromethylsilanes 

^-Chloropropionyl chloride 

N-Chlorosuccinimide (Succinichlorimide) 

Chlorotrimethylsilane 

Citric acid, by fermentation, refined 

«Citric acid salts: 

Ammonium citrate 

Ammonium dihydrogen citrate 

Barium citrate 

Calcium citrate 

Ferrous calcium citrate 

Iron citrate 

Iron ammonium citrate 

Potassium citrate 

Sodium citrate 

Coconut fatty acid amide 

Coconut and tallow fatty acyl chloride 

Cottonseed oil, diethylenetriamine, acetate 

Crotonaldehyde 

a-Cyanoaoetamide 

Cyanoacetic acid 

Cyanuric acid 

Decane 

Diacetone alcohol (A-Hydroxy-A-methyl-2-pentanone) 

2-Dibutylaminoethanol 

Dibutyl hydrogen phosphite 

l,3-Dibutyl-2-thlourea 

Dibutyl tin methoxide 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



258, X. 
258. 

as. 

392. 

57^. 

258, 357. 

367. 

258, 357. 

357. 

392, 483, 484. 

527. 

252, 392, 483. 

266. 

392, 483. 

338. 

108. 

392, 582. 

333. 

338. 

108. 

360, 421, 566. 

360. 

550. 

281, 360, 566. 

166, 182, 190, 200, 217, 345, 448. 

50, 222, 333, 418, 483. 

483. 

483. 

222, 333. 

222, 448. 

448. 

222, 264, 333, 549. 

222. 

333, 345, 390. 

550. 

222, 245, 264, 338, 343, 448. 

245. 

245, 448. 

266, 448. 

448. 

498. 

448. 

315. 

431. 

412. 

527. 

338, 493. 

346. 

498. 

101, 527. 

315. 

415. 

231, 515. 

515. 

521. 

415. 

281. 

231, 415. 

231, 415. 

415, 515. 

415, 515. 

23. 

550. 

464. 

392, 483. 

266. 

266, 343, 394, 448. 

498. 

551. 

258, 392. 

580. 

312. 

580. 

X. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



143 



TABLE 26B. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United States production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , J95J- -Continued 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC—Continued 

Dichloroacetaldehyde 

Diohloroacetio acid 

Diohloroacetic acid, methyl ester 

Dichloroacetyl chloride — 

Dichlorodiethylsllane :- 

Diohlorodimethylsilane (Dimethyl silicon 

dichloride) . 
Diohloroethyl formal (Bis(2-chloroethoxy)methane) — 

Did , 2-epoxypropane ) amine 

Diethoxydimethylsilane 

2-Diethylaminoethanol 

Diethylaminopropionitrlle 

Diethyl aniylethylmalonate (n-Amyl ethyl malonic 

ester) . 

Diethyl butylethylmalonates 

Diethyl carbonate 

Diethyl diethylmalonate (Diethyl malonio ester) 

»Diethylene glycol 

Diethylene glycol chloroformate 

Diethylene glycol diethyl ether (Bis(2-ethoKyethyl) 

ether). 
Diethylene glycol monobutyl ether (2-(2-Butoxyeth- 

oxy)ethanol). 
Diethylene glycol monobutyl ether acetate (2-(2-Bu- 

toxyethoxy)ethyl acetate). 
Diethylene glycol monoethyl ether (Carbitol) 

(2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethanol) . 
Diethylene glycol monoethyl ether acetate (2-(2-Eth- 

oxyethoxy) ethyl acetate). 
Diethylene glycol monomethyl ether (2-(2-Methoxy- 

ethoxy)ethanol) . 

Diethyl ethylisoamylmalonate 

Diethyl ethylraalonate (Ethyl malonic ester) 

Diethyl hydrogen phosphite 

Dietlyrlhydroxylamine oxalate 

Diethyl isopropylmalonate 

Diethyl maleate- 



^Diethyl malonate (Malonic ester) 

Diethyl 1-methylbutylmalonate 

Diethyl oxalate (Ethyl oxalate) 

l,3-Diethyl-2-thiourea 

Diglyoolic acid 

a,a-Dihydroxy-^,«-dimethylbutyrio acid, sodium salt 
' (Sodium 3,3-dimethyl-2,4-dihydroxybutyrate) . 

Dihydroxytartaric acid 

Diisobutyl ketone ( Isovalerone ) 

Diisopropyl peroxydicarbonate (Isopropyl peroar- 
bonate ) . 

l,3-Diisopropyl-2-thiourea 

Dimethyl acid pyrophosphate 

»2 -Dime thy laminoethanol 

Dimethylaminopropionitrile 

NjN-Dlmethylformamide 

Dimethylglyoxime 

Dimethylglyoxtme , sodium salt 

Dimethyl hydrogen phosphite 

1 , 1-Dimethylurea 

1,3-Dimethylurea 

Dioleyl maleate- 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



»Dipropylene glycol 

Dipropylene glycol methyl ether 

Dithiooarbamates, not listed under specified use 

classifications . 
Dithiophosphoric acid esters, not listed under 
specified use classifications: 

Barium di(hexyl, lauryl) dithiophosphate 

Zinc dihexyl dithiophosphate 

l-Dodeoene 

Dodecylsuccinlo anhydride 

Epichlorohydrin 

Eruoic acid 



Ethanesulfonic acid 

»Ethanolamtnes : 

<<Mono (2-Aminoethanol) 

»Di (2,2 '-Aminodiethanol) 

«Trl ( 2 , 2 ' , 2 ' '-Nitr ilotriethanol ) 

Ethanolamine (mono) hydrochloride 

Ethanolamine (mono) salt with formaldehyde- 

Ethanolamlne residue 

Ethoxymethylene malonio ester 

fl-Ethoxypropionitrile 

"Ethyl acetate, S5% 



345. 
266. 
266. 
266. 
315. 
315. 

392. 

333. 

315. 

392, 580. 

464. 

442. 

565. 

463. 

442, 565. 

321, 392, 430, 448, 549. 

391. 

392. 

392. 



442. 
565. 



464. 

394, 442, 448, 565. 

442, 565. 

463. 



392. 

394, 

442, 

312. 

498. 

X.' 

392, 

266, 

394, 

367, 

580. 

333. 

442. 

464. 
392. 
391. 



580. 

208. 

392, 493, 580. 

338. 

333, 493. 

498. 

281. 

312. 

343. 

580. 

245. 

321, 392, 418, 448, 549. 

448. 

563. 



464. 
464. 
551. 
527. 
258. 
260. 
560. 

231, 321, 392, 448. 

321, 392, 448. 

321, 392, 448. 

566. 

493. 

321. 

266. 

464. 

216, 249, 252, 333, 367, 392, 463, 483. 



144 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 26B. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United States production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, i953--Continued 



MISCELLANEOUS CHiWICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 



Ethyl aoetoaoetate 

Ethyl acrylate 

»Ethyl alcohol, synthetic 

2-Ethylajiiinoethanol (Ethylmonoethanolamine) 

Ethyl ammonium phosphate 

Ethyl bromoaoetate (Ethyl monobromoacetate) — 

2-Ethyl-l-butanol (sec-Hexyl alcohol) 

a-Ethylbutyraldehyde • 

a-Ethylbutyric acid (Diethylacetic acid) 

a-Ethylcaproaldehyde (2-Ethylhexaldehyde) 

a-Ethylcaproic acid (2-Ethyl-l-hexoic acid) — 
*a^Ethylcaproic (2-Ethyl-l-hexoic) acid salts: 

Aluminum a -ethylcaproate 

*Calcium ii -ethylcaproate 

■ifCobalt a -ethylcaproate 

Iron a -ethylcaproate 

*Lead a-ethylcaproate 

Manganese a-ethyloaproate 

»Zinc a-ethylcaproate 

Zirconium a-ethylcaproate 

a-Ethylcapryl acetate 

Ethyl chloroformate 

Ethyl cyanoacetate- 



Manuf acturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



Ethyldiethanolamine (2,2'-(Ethylimino)diethanol) 

Ethylene, from ethyl alcohol 

Ethylene chlorohydrin (2-Chloroethanol) 

Ethylene cyanhydrin (Hydracrylonitrile) 

^Ethylene glycol 

Ethylene glycol diformate 

Ethylene glycol dimethyl ether 

Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether (2-Butoxyethanol) — 
Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether (Cellosolve) 

(2-Ethoxyethanol) . 
Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether acetate (2-Ethoxy- 

ethyl acetate ) . 
Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether (2-Methoxyethanol) 
Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate 
( 2-Methoxyethyl acetate). 

^Ethylene oxide — 

*Ethyl ether: 

»Tech 

*U . S . P 

^Absolute 

Ethyl ,3-ethoxypropionate ■ 

wEtlqrl formate 

N-Ethylglycine 

2-Ethyl-l,3-hexanediol 

2-Ethyl-l-hexanol- 



Ethyl a-hydroxyisobutyrate 

Ethyl a-hydroxyisovalerate 

Ethyl lactate 

Ethyl magnesium bromide 

2-(Ethylmercapto)ethanol 

Ethyl (mono) orthophosphate 

Ethyl potassium sodium phosphate- 
Ethyl propionate 

Ethyl silicate 

Ethyl stearoylacetate- 



Ethyl sulfate (Diethyl sulfate) 

2-Ethynyl-2-butanol 

Fats and oils, chemically modified: 

Castor oil, acetylated 

Castor oil, dehydrated 

Castor oil, hydrogenated 

Fish oil, hydrogenated 

Soybean oil, hydiogenated 

Sperm oil, hydrogenated 

Tallow , hydrogenated 

Vegetable oils, bromlnated 

All other 

Fatty acids, chemically modified: 

Bromo fatty acids 

Castor oil fatty acids, dehydrated 

Stearic acid, dehydrated 

»Fatty acid esters, not Included with plasticizers: 

Butyl palmitate 

Ethylene glycol mono-oleate 

^-Hydroxyetliyl ester of tall oil 

Isopropyl myristate 

Isopropyl oleate 



392, A63. 






392, <193. 






222, 252, 258, 


333, 


392, 481, 


580. 






245. 






448. 






392, 483. 






392. 






392. 






392, 484. 






392. 






314. 






314, 440, 485, 


581. 




314, 440, 485, 


581. 




440, 581. 






314, 371, 440, 


485, 


581. 


440, 485, 581. 






314, 440, 485, 


581. 




485. 






392. 






463. 






266, 394, 448. 






580. 






323, 435, 463. 






392, 412. 






338, 464, 493. 






321, 333, 392, 


430, 


448, 549 


392. 






101. 






321, 392. 






392. 






392. 






321, 392, 448. 






392. 






321, 392, 430, 


448. 




222, 323, 392, 


481 


484, 592 


231, 463, 522. 






463. 






493. 






367, 392, 414, 


508 


582. 


464. 






392. 






392, 483, 484 






493. 






493. 






464. 






101. 






580. 






208. 






245. 






53, 414, 582. 






315, 392. 






X. 






392. 






372. 






219. 






219. 






260. 






260. 






260. 






260. 






260. 






302. 






123, 131, 314 






333, 510. 






219. 






493. 






370, 421. 






177, 342. 






245. 






229, 370, 541 






370. 







SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



145 



TABLE 26B. --Syntheti 



organic chemica 
were reporte 



Miscellaneous chemicals for which United States producti 
ident i fied by manufacturer , 295J-'Continued 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

■»Fatty acid esters, not included with plasticizers- 
Continued 

Isopropyl palmitate 

Isopropyl stearate 

Methyl caproate 

Methyl ester of coconut oil 

Methyl myristate 

Methyl palmitate 

Methyl tallow 

Pentaerythritol tall oil ester 

Polyethoxyethyl castor oil ether 

Polyethoxyethyl castor oil ether, hydrogenated— 

Polyethylene glycol stearate (wax) 

Polyoxyalkylene linseed dimer ester 

1,2-Propylene glycol dioleate 

Propylene glycol stearate 

All other 

*Fatty and synthetic higher alcohols (Cio ^^^ 
higher) : 

Decyl alcohol 

3,9-Diethyl-6-trldecanol ■ 

Dodecyl alcohol (Lauryl alcohol) 

7-Ethyl-2-methyl-'i-hendecanol 

5-Ethyl-2-nonanol 

1-Hexadecanol (Cetyl alcohol) 

1-Ootadecanol (Stearyl alconol) 

ois-9-Octadecen-l-ol (Oleyl alcohol) 

1-Tetradecanol 

1-Trideoanol 

All other 

»Flotation reagents: 
Dithiophosphates : 

Ajumonium di-sec-butyl dithiophosphate 

Ammonium diisopropyl dithiophosphate 

Potassium dihexyl dithiophosphate 

Potassium diisopropyl dithiophosphate 

Sodium di-sec-butyl diethyl dithiophosphate — 

Sodium diethyl dithiophosphate 

Sodium dihexyl dithiophosphate 

Sodium diisopropyl dithiophosphate 

Fatty amine salts: 

Butylammonium oleate 

Coconut oil amine acetate 

Octadecylamine acetate 

Soybean amine acetate 

Tallow amine acetate 

Tallow amine acetate, hydrogenated ■ 

Octyl isocyanate 

Quaternary ammonium compounds 

Xanthates : 

Potassium amylxanthate 

Potassium sec-butylxanthate 

Potassium ethylxanthate 

Potassium isopropylxanthate 

Potassium pentasolamylxanthate 

Sodium n-butylxanthate 

Sodium sec-butylxanthate 

Sodium ethylxanthate 

Sodium isopropylxanthate 

•Formaldehyde, 37% HCHO by weight 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



Formamide 

•Formic acid, 90% 

•Formic acid salts: 

Aluminum formate 

Ammonium formate 

Chromic formate 

Lead formate 

Magnesium formate 

Nickel formate 

Potassium formate 

•Sodium formate, crude 

•Sodium formate, refined — 

All other 

Formyl acetone dimethyl acetal 

•Fumaric acid 

Fumaryl chloride 

Gases (poisonous, tear, etc.): Phosgene (Carbonyl 
chloride) . 

Gluconic acid, tech 

Glycerol , synthetic 



229, 370. 






370. 






108. 






108. 






108. 






108. 






421. 






«1. 






417. 






417. 






421. 






417. 






438. 






417. 






108. 






333, 481, 551. 






392. 






276, 333, 551. 






392. 






392. 






86, 260, 333, 551. 






260, 333, 551. 






333. 






551. 






481. 






333, 493, 551. 


y 




464. 






464. 






464. 






464. 






464. 






464. 






464. 






464. 






580. 






23. 






23, 464. 






23. 






23. 






23. 






245. 






566. 






448, 464. 






448. 






448. 






448. 






448. ■ 






36. 






464. 






44S, 464. 






448, 464. 






72, 245, 266, 286, 333, 344, 367, 387, 397, 418, 449 


493, 515, 596. 






333. 






208, 231, 333, 397. 






75, 208, 342, 392, 429. 






75, 504. 






550. 






371. 






360. 






110, 440. 






360, 379. 






208, 222, 397, 515. 






281, 504, 515. 






75. 






266. 






245, 464, 527. 






527. 






391. 






415. 






258. 







146 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 26B. --Synt/iefic organic chemicals: Hiscellaneous chemicals for which United States production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1955- -Continued 



Chemical 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Glycerol a-chlorohydrin (3-Chloro-l,2-propanediol)- 
Glyoerol dichlorohydrin (l,3-Dichloro-2-propanol) — 

Glycine (Aminoaoetic acid), tech 

Glycine ethyl ester hydrochloride 

Glycolic acid (Hydroxyacetic acid) 

Glyoolonitrile 

Glyoxal 

Guanidine hydrochloride 

Guanidine stearate- 



i-Guanyl-l-isonitrosoguanyl-l-tetrazene 

*Halogenated hydrocarbons : 

l-Bromobutane (n-Butyl bromide ) 

2-Bromobutane (sec-Butyl bromide) 

l-Bromo-2-chloroethane (Ethylene chlorobromide ) — 

Bromochlororae thane 

l-Bromo-3-chloropropane (Trimethylene chloro- 
bromide ) . 
1-Bromodecane- 
Bromoethane (Ethyl bromide )- 
l-Bromohexadecane (Cetyl bromide ) - 
l-Bromo-2-methylpropane (isobutyl bromide ) - 
Bromo-octadecane- 

1-Bromopentane (n-Amyl bromide) 

2-Bromopentane ( 1-Methylbutyl bromide )- 

l-Bromopropane (n-Propyl bromide) 

2-Bromopropane (Isopropyl bromide) 

3-Bromopropene (Allyl bromide) 

3-Bromo-l-propine 

Bromotr if luorome thane 

»Carbon tetrachloride 

^Chlorinated paraffins: 

Less than 35% chlorine 

35%-6A% chlorine 

65% or more chlorine- 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



1-Chlorobutane (n-Butyl chloride) 

l-Chloro-l,l-d if luoroe thane 

Chlorod if luorome thane 

«Chloroethane (Ethyl chloride): 

Tech ■ 

U.S.P 

*Chloroethylene (Vinyl chloride monomer) 

«Chloroform: 

Tech 

U.S.P 

*Chloromethane (Methyl chloride): 

Crude 

Refined, refrigerant grade 

l-Chloro-3-methylbutane (Isoamyl chloride) 

2-Chloro-2-iiiethylpropane (tert-Butyl chloride) 

1-Chloropentane (n-Amyl chloride) 

Chloropentanes (Amyl chlorides), mixed 

1-Chloropropane (n-Propyl chloride) 

2-Chloropropane (Isopropyl chloride) 

3-Chloropropene (Allyl chloride) 

Chlorotrifluoroethylene 

Chlorotrlf luorome thane 

Dibromodif luorome thane 

1,2-Dibromoethane (Ethylene dibromide) 

Dibromomethape (Methylene bromide) 

1,'^-Dibromopentane 

1,3-Dibromopropane (Trimethylene dibromide) 

1,'^-Dlchlorobutane 

Dichlorodlf luorome thane 

*1,2-Dichloroethane (Ethylene diohloride) 

Dichlorofluoromethane 

»Dlchlororaethane (Methylene chloride): 

Crude 

Refined, refrigerant grade 

Dichloropentanes , mixed 

1,2-Dlchloropropane (Propylene dichloride) 

Dichlorotetrafluoroe thane 

1 , 1-Difluoroe thane 

1 , 1-Dlf luoroethylene 

Hexachlorobutadlene 

He xachloroe thane 

lodoethane (Ethyl Iodide), tech 

Iodoform 

lodoroethane (Methyl iodide), tech 

PentachloroS thane 

1,1,2,2-Tetrabromoethane (Acetylene tetrabromlde ) 



Ol, 


483, 498. 


498. 




343. 




343. 




333. 




464, 


493. 


392. 




426, 


519. 


426. 




X. 




448, 


512. 


442, 


448, 512, X. 


345. 




181, 


359. 


73, 448. 


333. 




181, 


394, 448. 


448, 


512. 


448, 


512. 


333, 


512, 550. 


448, 


498, 512. 


442, 


498, 565. 


44S, 


512. 


448, 


X. 


448, 


512. 


550. 




333. 




217, 


242, 321, 345, 44S, 464. 


338, 


X. 


222, 


242, 338, 487. 


242. 




392, 


574. 


504. 




333, 


504. 


222, 


333, 426, 448. 


258, 


448. 


242, 


245, 354, 378, 392, 448, 563 


121, 


169, 333, 448. 


121, 


169, 448. 


v-^. 


346. 


vt. 


121, 333, 448. 


442, 


512. 


498, 


512. 


338, 


442, 512, 580. 


580. 




512. 




448. 




258. 




333. 




333. 




333 




345 


359, 448, 603. 


448 


498. 


431 




448 


512. 


333 




333 


504. 


242 


245, 321, 392, 426, 430, 448 


333 




121 


448. 


121 


333, 448. 


580 




392 


448, 549. 


333 




504 




504 




338 




591 




498 


, 512. 


233 




512 


, 599. 


333 
448 





SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



147 



TA3U. 26B.- -Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United States production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, /953- -Continued 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC—Continued 

*Halogenated hydrocarbons — Continued 

1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane (Acetylene tetra- 
chloride). 

«Tetrachloroethylene (Perohloroethylene ) 

1,1,1-Triohloroethane (Methyl chloroform) 

1,1,2-Triohloroethane (Vinyl trichloride) 

»Trichloroethylene 

Triohlorofluorome thane 

1 , 2 ,3-Triohloropropane 

Trichlorotrifluoroe thane 

Vinylldene chloride, monomer 

All other halogenated hydrocarbons 

2-Heptanone (Methyl amyl ketone) 

n-Hexadeoane. 

1-Hexadeoene 

Hexamethyldisiloxane 

Hexamethylenediammonium adipate 

2,5-Hexanedione (Acetonylaoetone ) carbon disulfide 

Hexyl alcohol 

n-Hexyl ether r 

Hydrazine and salts — ■ 

Hydrogenated tallow amide 

a-HJrdroxyisobutyrates, above ethyl 

a-Hydroxyisobutyronitrile (Acetone cyanhydrin) 

2- (Hydroxymethyl ) -2-nitro-l ,3-propanediol (Tris (hy- 

droxymethyl)nltromethane ) . 
N-Hydroxymethylstearamide ( N-Methylolstearamide ) — 

.8,,9'-Iminodipropionitrile 

Inositol hexanitrate 

Isethionlo acid (2-Hydroxyethanesulfonio acid) 

. Isoamyl octyl orthophosphate 

Isoamyl (mono) orthophosphate 

Isobutyraldehyde ~ 

Isobutyraldehyde lactone 

Isobutyric acid 

Isobutyrio anhydride 

Iso-ootyl alcohol (6-Methyl-l-heptanol) 

Iso-octyl thioglyoolate 

Isopropanolamines : 

Monoisopropanolamine 

Diisopropanolamine 

Triisopropanolamine 

Mixed 

Isopropoxypropionitrlle 

Isopropyl acetate 

»Isopropyl alcohol ( Isopropanol ) , 100^ 

2-Isopropylaminoethanol 

Isopropyl ohloroformate 

*Isopropyl ether 

»Lactic acid, lOOiS: 

»Edible 

wMedioinal 

^Technical- 

Lactic -acid salts: 

Calcium lactate 

Ferrous lactate 

*Sodium lactate 

Strontium lactate 

All other 

Lactide 

Laotonitrile 

Laurie acid 

Lauroyl chloride: 

Crude 

Refined 

Lauroyloxyacetio acid 

Lauroyl peroxide 

N-Lauroylsaroosin, sodium salt 

Lead soaps from oxidized hydrocarbons 

Levulinic acid 

»Linoleic acid salts: 

Ammonium linoleate 

«Caloium linoleate 

"Cobalt linoleate 

Iron linoleate ; 

Lead linoleate 

Lead manganese linoleate 

•Manganese linoleate 

•Lubricating oil additives: 

Allsyl phosphate esters 

Barium alkyl dithlophosphate 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



2« 


333 


337 


391, 448. 


445. 








392. 








145 


333 


337 


448. 


333 


504 






258. 








333. 








448. 








321, 


512 


549 




392. 








333 


551 






551. 








315. 








333. 








281. 








392. 








392. 








133. 








23. 








493. 








333, 


464 


493. 




367. 








333. 








464. 








417. 








550. 








208. 








208. 








4S4. 








464. 








483. 








483. 








209, 


481. 






147. 








392, 


448. 






392. 








392. 








392. 








464. 








333, 


367, 


392, 


483. 


252, 


258, 


392, 


481, X. 


580. 








391, 


463. 






258, 


392, 


481. 




201, 


235, 


333, 


539. 


333. 








201, 


235, 


333, 


539. 


235, 


539. 






281. 








376, 


515, 


539, 


566. 


231. 








75. 








201. 








464. 








108. 








333, 


541, 


550. 




333, 


338, 


550, 


574. 


518. 








102, 


357. 






X. 








270. 








360. 








135, 


581. 






131, 


135, 


164, 


485, 581. 


110, 


131, 


135, 


376, 440, 581 


440. 








135, 


376, 


440, 


581. 


376, 


581. 






131, 


135, 


440, 


581. 



148 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 26B.- -Synthetic organic chemicals: tliscellaneous chemicals for which United States production or 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, /95J- -Cent imied 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

^Lubricating oil additives — Continued 

Chioronaphtha xanthate 

Octyl formaldehyde 

Oxidized hydrocarbons 

Phosphorous derivatives of high-molecular-ueight 

hydrocarbons. 
Polymethacrylates , diethylaminoethyl and lauryl, 
mixed. 

Zinc alkyl dithiophosphate 

All other 

Haleic acid 

Maleic acid, lead salt, tribasic 

Maleic anhydride 

Malic acid 

Malonic acid 

Mannitol 

Mannitol hexaacetate 

Mannitol hexanitrate 

Mesityl oxide 

Methacrylamide 

Methacrylates, above methyl 

Me thacryl ic ac id 

•Methanol, synthetic 

2-(Methoxyinethoxy)ethanol 

3-Methoxypropionitrile 

3-Methoxypropylamine 

Methoxytriglycol acetate 

Methyl acetate 

Methyl acetone acetal 

Methyl acrylate, monomer 

Methylal (Dimethoxymethane) 

Methyl cyanoacetate 

N,N'-Methylenebis[ iminopropionic acid] 

N , N '-Methylenebis ( stearamide ) 

Methylene citric acid 

Methyl ether (Dimethyl ether) 

Methyl ethyl ketone (2-Butanone) 

Methyl ethyl ketone peroxide 

Methyl ethyl ketoxime (2-Butanone oxime) 

Methyl formate 

Methyl glycolate (Methyl hydroxyacetate) 

■4-Methyl-2-hexanone 

1-Methylisobutylcarbinol ( ■4-Methyl-2-pentanol ) 

1-Methylisobutylcarbinyl acetate (•4-Methyl-2-amyl 
acetate ) . 

Methyl lactate 

Methyl magnesivim bromide 

Methyl methacrylate, monomer 

2-Methyl-2-nitro-l,3-propanediol 

2-Methyl-2-nitro-l-propanol 

Methylolurea, mono (Hydroxymethylurea) 

2-Methyl-2,'i-pentanediol (Hexylene glycol) 

4-Methyl-2-pentanone (Methyl isobutyl ketone) 

Methyl polyethanolamine 

Methyl sulfate (Dimethyl sulfate) 

N-Methyl taurine 

Methyl trlethoxysilane 

Methyl vinyl ether 

Mucochloric acid - — 

Myristic acid 

Nitroe thane -__ 

Nitrome thane 



l-Nitropropane 

2-Nitropropane 

Nylon (Polyhexamethylene adipamlde)- 

1-Octanol 

2-Octanol 



2-Octanone (Hexyl methyl ketone) 

Ootene 

Octyl (mono) hydrogen orthophosphate 

Octylamlde — 



Octyl mercaptan 

Octyl oleyl maleate 

Oleamide (Octadecene amide )- 
•Oleic acid salts: 

Aluminum oleate 

Barium zinc oleate 

Calcium hydroxyoleate 

Chromium oleate 

Copper oleate 

•Lead oleate 



2-^5. 
258. 

270. 
560. 

333. 



338, X. 




442, 527 


536, 558 


371. 




245, 392 


527. 


464, 527 


558. 


176, 468 




417. 




417. 




417. 




258, 392 




493. 




333, 493 




333, 493 




72, 252, 


267, 286, 


333. 




464. 




464. 




392. 




296, 392, 


X. 


344. 




493. 




418. 




266, 448. 




559. 




23. 




379. 




333. 




252, 258, 


392, X. 


102, 357. 




527. 




333. 




333. 




442. 




258, 392. 




333, 392. 




201. 




101. 




41, 333, 


493. 


367. 




367. 




333. 




258, 392. 




258, 392. 




550. 




333. 




550. 




315. 




550. 




498. 




108. 




367. 




367. 




367. 




367. 




333. 




333, 551, 


582. 


86, 493. 




493, 536. 




493. 




208. 




23. 




551. 




245. 




23. 




135, 314, 


421, 581. 


440. 




421. 




440. 




135, 440, 


581. 


135, 314, 


440, 581. 



TABLE 26B. --Synthetic orga 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 

emicals: Miscelimteous chemicals for which United States production or 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , J95J- -Continued 



149 



MISCELLANEOUS CHB1ICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 



Oleoyl chloride 

»Oxalic acid 

•Oxalic acid salts: 

Ammonium oxalate 

Calcium oxalate 

Ferric ammonium oxalate — 

Ferric oxalate 

Ferric potassiiun oxalate- 

Ferric sodium oxalate 

Ferrous oxalate 

Potassium binoxalate 

Potassium oxalate 

Sodium oxalate 

All other 

Oxamide — 



Oxidized "nydrocarbons other than lubricating oil 

additives. 
Palmitic acid salts: 

Aluminum palmitate 

Zinc palmitate 

»Palmitoyl chloride 

Paraformaldehyde 

Paraldehyde ( Paracetaldehyde ) 

Pelargonic acid (Nonanoie acid) 

*Pentaerythritol 

»Pentaerythritol tetranitrate 

Pentanediol 

2-Pentanone (Methyl propyl ketone) 

Phytic acid, calcium salt 

Phj-tol 

Pine oil, synthetic 

Polyacrylic acid, potassium salt 

Polyacrylic acid, sodium salt 

Polyacrylonitrile 

Polyacrylonitrile, hydrolyzed, sodium salt 
(non-soil-conditioner) . 

Polyethoxyethyl sorbitol 

Polyethylene glycol 

Polyglycerol 

Polyoxyalkylene derivatives, miscellaneous 

Polyoxyalkylene glucose 

Polypropylene glycol 

Propionaldehyde 

•"Propionic acid 

Propionic acid salts: 

Cadmium propionate 

Calcium propionate 

Sodium propio/'^te 

Zinc propionate 

Propionic anhydride 

Propionyl chloride 

n-Propyl acetate 

n-Propyl alcohol (Propanol) 

Propylene, from coke-oven gas 

a-Propylene chlorohydrin (l-Chloro-2 -propanol) — 

•Propylene glycol (1,2-Propanediol) 

Propylene glycol dipropionate 

Propylene glycol glycolate 

Propylene glycol methyl ether 

Propylene glycols, methyl ethers, mixtures 

Propylene oxide 

Propyl isobutylaoetate 

Propyl mercaptan (l-Propanethicl ) 

Pyruvic acid 

Rare sugars 

Research chemicals: 

Bronentin 

Creatine and creatinine 

Halogen compounds 

Hydrocarbons 

Phosphonaxes 

Silanes 



Manufacturers' identification numberc 
(according to list in table 27) 



Sulfur eoT- ..:r:ds 

All other 

Ricinoleic acid salts: 
Aljminum ricinoleate — 

Barium ricinoleate 

Cadmium ricinoleate 

Calcium ricinoleate 

Sodium ricinoleate 



86, 535, 550, 566, 575. 
185, 208, -415, 504. 

231, 281, 415, 504. 

208. 

415. 

415. 

415. 

415. 

599. 

281, 504, 515. 

281, 504. 

208, 231, 281, 415, 504, 515. 

75. 

504. 

270. 



164, 421. 

164, 314, 421, 464. 

153, 550, 582. 

333, 344, 397, 418. 

392. 

229, 499. 

142, 222, 309, 367, 397. 

222, 309, 333. 

333. 

252. 



588. 








,.- 


222. 










563. 










529, 


563. 








333. 










364. 










417. 










321, 


392, 


448. 






245, 


396, 


X. 






44.8. 










417. 










392, 


448. 








252. 










252, 


333, 


418, 


483. 




504. 










333, 


360, 


418, 


539. 




333, 


360, 


418, 


539. 




281, 


360. 








392. 










431, 


582. 








418, 


463, 


582. 






252, 


333, 


414, 


418. 




333. 










392. 










333, 


392, 


418, 


448, 


549. 


370. 










485. 










448. 










446. 










392, 


418, 


448. 






367. 










498, 


512. 








464. 










558. 










101. 










558. 










512, 


591. 








551. 










312. 










315 


334 








V,? 


551 








"75, 


101, 


227, 


334, 


464, 482, 498, 508, 512, 514, 551 


558, 572, 591. 




164 










219 










219 


440 








219 










219 











UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



150 

TABLE 26B, --Synth-.cic organic chemicals: Kiscellaneous chemicals for which United States production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , 195 J- -Continued 



MISCELLANEOUS CffiTIICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Rioinoleio acid salts — Continued 

Triethyltetramine ricinoleate 

Zinc ricinoleate 

Sarcosine (N-Methylaminoacetio acid) 

Sebaclo acid 

Semicartazide base 

Semicarbazide hydrochloride 

Sequestering agents: 

(Diethylenetrinitrilo )pentaaeetic acid 

(.Ethylenedlnitrllo)tetraacetio acid 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraaoetic acid, disodium 

salt. 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, disodium- 

copper salt. 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetio acid, monosodium- 
iron salt. 
»(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, tetrasodium 
salt. 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, trisodium 
salt. 

Silicones, fluids and greases 

Sodium ethoxlde 

Sodium ethyl oxalaoetate 

Sodium formaldehydebisulfite 

»Sodium formaldehydesulfoxylate 

Sodium methoxide (Sodium methylate) 

Sodium sorbitol borate 

Sorbitol 

Soya nitrile 

Stearamide (Ootadeoane amide) 

»Stearic acid salts: 
^Aluminum stearates: 

»Aluminum distearate 

Aluminum monostearate 

Aluminum stearates, mixed 

Aluminum tristearate 

Ammonium stearate 

*Barium stearate 

«Cadmium stearate 

^Calcium stearate 

Cobalt stearate 

Ferric stearate > : 

Ferrous stearate 

»Lead stearate - 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



Lead stearate, dibasic — 

Lithium hydroxystearate- 

»Lithium stearate 

*Magnesium stearate 

Manganese stearate 

«Zlno stearate 

All other- 



Stearonitrile ( Octadecanenitr ile ) 

Stearoyl chloride 

Stearoyloxyethylcarbai^l chloride 

Succinic acid 

•Succinic anhydride ~ 

Sucoinlmide 

Sucoinonitrile 

Sucrose octaaoetate 

Tall oil fatty aoyl chloride 

Tallow fatty acyl chloride 

Tartaric acid 

Tartaric acid salts, nonmedicinal 

Tetraethylene glycol 

Tetraethylene glycol dimethyl ether {Bls[2-(2-meth- 
oxyethoxy)ethyl] ether ) . 

Tetraethyl lead 

Tetraglycine hydroperlodlde 

Thiamine hydrobromlde 

Thioaoetamide 

Thioacetic acid (Sulfoaoetic acid) 

Thioglycerol 

Thioglycolio acid (Mercaptoacetlo acid) 

Thioglycollc acid salts: 

•Anmonium thloglycolate 

Calcium thloglycolate 

Sodium thloglycolate 

Thiourea 

Triallyl cyanurate 

Trlbutyl phosphate 

Trlbutyl phosphite 



550. 

219. 

333, 550, 559, 57A. 

86, -493. 

133. 

133, 599. 

3<i2. 

342, 550. 
342. 



342. 

342, 464, 550, 590. 

342. 

315. 

394, 463. 

463. 

266, 498, 599. 

307, 333, 429, 493. 

394, 430, 551, X. 

417. 

417. 

23. 

333. 



39, 164, 231, 288, 314, 421, 464, 566. 
164, 231, 421. 

39, 131, 164, 231, 314, 421, 464, 566. 

, 314, 319, 421, 566. 

39, 164, 314, 421, 566. 

314, 421. 

39, 164, 231, 314, 421, 464, 566. 



, 314, 371, 421, 440, 566. 
, 371. 

164, 274, 314, 421, 566. 

39, 164, 231, 314, 421, 464, 566. 

39, 164, 231, 314, 421, 464, 566. 
550. 



527, 551. 
498, 527. 



333, 426. 
313, 565. 

515. 
498. 
498. 
147. 
147, 383. 

147, 253, 383, 599. 

147. 

147, 514. 

245. 

464. 

312. 

312. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



151 



TABL£ 26B* --Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United States production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , i9J3--Continued 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

2,2,2-Trlohloro-l-ethoxyethanol 

Trichloroethylsilane (Ethyl silicon trichloride) 

Trichlorohexadecylsilane (Hexadecyltrichlorosilane) 

Trichloromethylsilane (Methyl trichlorosilane ) 

Trichloro-octadecylsilane (Octadeoyl trichloro- 
silane). 

Triethanolamine phosphate 

1 , 1 , l-Triethoxye thane 

Triethyl citrate 

Triethylene glycol 

Triethylene glycol dichloride (2-(2-Chloroethoxy)- 
ethyl 2-chloroethyl ether). 

Triethyl orthoformate 

Triethyl orthopropionate 

Triethyl phosphite 

Trihexyl phosphite 

Triiso-octyl phosphite 

Tr'iisopropyl phosphite 

Tripropylene glycol 

Tripropylene glycol, methyl ether 

Tris(2-ethylhexyl) phosphite 

Undeoylenio acid (Hendeoenoio acid) 

Urea , solid 

Urea in feed compounds 

Urea in solid fertilizer 

Urea in urea-ammonia solution 

Vinyl acetate, monomer 

Xanthio acid, ethyl, sodium salt 

■»Zinc formaldehydesulfoxylate 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



495. 
315. 
315. 
315. 
315. 

302. 

498. 

415. 

321, 392, 448. 

392. 



266. 
498. 
312. 
312. 
312. 
312. 
448. 
448. 
312. 
219. 
286, 
286, 
333. 
286, 
-333, 
333. 
307, 



333. 
333. 



333. 
392, 418. 



333, 429, 493, 596. 



152 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Directory of Manufacturers 

The Directory of Manufacturers lists the companies that report 
their production of synthetic organic chemicals to the United States 
Tariff Commission. The name of each manufacturer is preceded 
by an identification number. 

For 1953, the Directory of Manufacturers lists 608 connpanies 
(see table 2.1). This is 17 more than the number that reported for 
1952. Some of the companies that report production of synthetic 
organic chemicals consume their entire output in further manu- 
facturing. 

The Directory of Manufacturers lists the companies in two 
ways. Section 1 lists them in numerical order, the identification 
number for each company having been assigned in the order in 
which the Tariff Commission received the company's reporting 
schedule. This system makes it unnecessary to wait until all the 
schedules are returned before assigning the identification numbers, 
and greatly speeds the preparation of the tables in part III. Section 
2 lists the companies in alphabetical order. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



153 



TABLE 2T.--Synehetic organic chemicals: Directory of m 

SECTION 1. NUMERICAL DIRECTORY 



ufacturem, 1953 



[Nanes of sjiithetio organic chemical manufacturers who reported production or sales to the United States 
Tai-iff Coraraission for 1953 are listed below in the order of their identification numbers as used in 
tables in part III. Section 2 of this table lists these manufactui-ers alphabetically euid gives their 
offices and plant addresses] 



No. 


Name of company 


No. 


Name of company 


1 


EmJcay Chemical Co. 


■/4 


Ansul Chemical Co. 


2 


Guyan Color & Chemical Works. 


75 


City Chemical Corp. 


3 


Standard Agricultural Chemicals, Inc. 


76 


Dye Specialties Corp., Inc. 


A- 


Witte, John H., & Sons. 


77 


Anderson Laboratories, Inc. 


5 


Drug Processors, Inc. 


■/8 


Polychemical Co. 





Astra Pharmaceutical Products, Inc. 


79 


Stanuard-Tooh Chemicals, Inc. 




Hartman-Leddon Co. 


SO 


Siddall, George F., Co., Inc. 


C 


Knoedler Chemical Co. 


81 


Sonneborn, L., Sons, Inc. 


9 


LaMotte Chemical Products Co. 


82 


American Viscose Corp. (Sylvania D-"".). 


10 


Nilol: Chemicals, Inc. 


o3 


Atlas Wall Paper Mills, Inc. 


11 


PoughJ;eepsie Dyestuff Corp. 




Cargill, Inc. (Falk Div.). 


12 


Foster-Heaton Co. 


65 


General Motors Corp. (AC Spai-k Plug Div.). 


13 


George, P. D., Co. 




Hardesty, W. C, Co., Inc. 


!■■, 


Marrov/ ' s , Inc . 


J', 


Kohnstamm, H., ii Co., Inc. 


\'j 


Metro-Atlantic, Inc. 


66 


Magnolia Petroleum Co. 


16 


Standard Soap Co. of Camden. 


69 


Meyer, J., .i Sons. 


IV 


Southern Textile Chemical Corp. 


90 


Neches .Butane Products Co. (R. R.).^ 


lb 


Dal:ota Briquets & Tai- Products, Inc. 


91 


Reliance Varnish Co., Inc. 


ly 


Marathon Corp. (Chemical Div.). 


92 


Vita-Vai' Corp. 


20 


Red Spot Paint & Varnish Co. 


93 


Bird £: Son, Inc. 


21 


Synthetic Products Co. 


94 


Humble Oil £: Refining Co. (R. R.).^ 


22 


United States Procaine Co., Inc. 


95 


Modene Paint Co., Inc. 


23 


Annour & Co. (Chemical Div.). 


96 


Morv/ear Paint Co. 


2/ 


Commonwealth Color £: Chemical Co. 


97 


Richardson Co. 


2i 


Crownoil Chemical Co., Inc. 


98 


Salvo Chemical Corp. 


26 


Ironsides Co. 


99 


Standard Brands, Inc. 


2V 


Pur-ooaine, Inc. 


100 


American Alcolac Corp. 


26 


Dr. Salsbury's Laboratories. 


101 


Arapalioe Chemicals, Inc., i Ai-apahoe Special 


29 


Watertown Manufacturing Co. 




Products, Inc. 


30 


American Marietta Co. 


102 


Cadet Chemical Corp. 


31 


Atlas Processing Co. 


103 


California Inlc Co., Inc. 


32 


Armstrong Corl: Co. 


104 


Citro Chemical Co. 


33 


Elizabethtown Consolidated Gas Co. 


105 


Copolymer Corp. (R. R.).^ 


34 


Hanna Paint Manufacturing Co. (Industrial 


106 


Crosby Chemicals, Inc. 




Div.). 


107 


Crovm Tar & Chemical Works, Inc. 


35 


Harbor Plywood Corp. 


108 


El Doj'ado Oil Works. 


36 


Kennecott Copper Corp. (Chino Mines Div.). 


109 


Griffin Chemical Co. 


37 


Marden-Wild Corp. 


110 


McGean Chemical Co. 


36 


Mineral Oil Refining Co. 


111 


MarbOii Corp. 


39 


Parsons, N. W., Plymouth, Inc. 


112 


Marlowe-Van Loan Corp. 


40 


Rubber Corp. of America. 


113 


Peerless Chemical Co. 


41 ■ 


U. S. Plastic Products Corp. 


114 


Peerless Color Co., Inc. 


42 


Van Camp Laboratories, Div. of Van Camp Sea 


115 


Phoenix Oil Co. 




Food Co., Inc. 


116 


Schenley Laboratories, Inc. 


43 


Sipe, James B., fi: Co. 


117 


Fiber Chemical Corp. 


44 


American Marietta Co. (Ferbert-Schorndorfer 


118 


Continental-Diamond Fibre Co. 




Co. Div.) . 


119 


Marx, Max, Color & Chemical Co. 


■;5 


Cabot, Samuel, Inc. 


120 


Schenectady Vai-nish Co., .Inc. 


46 


Drganios, Inc. 


121 


Belle Alkali Co. 


4V 


Ortho Chemical Corp. 


122 


Bio-Procoos Co., Div. of Armour ii Co. 


46 


Scholler Bros . , Inc. 


123 


Carlisle Chemical Works, Inc. 


49 


Advance Paint Co. 


124 


Farley & Loetscher Manuf aotui'ing Co. 


50 


American Viscose Corp. 


125 


Firestone Tire & Rubber Co. (R. R.).^ 


51 


Calabar.ia Chemical Co. 


126 


Hjnson, Westcott S: Dunning, Inc. 


52 


Kehew-Bradley Co. 


127 


Kyanize Paints, Inc. 


53 


Northwestern Chemical Co. 


128 


Food Machinery & Chemical Corp. (Ohlo-Apex 


5/, 


Swift S: Co. 




Div.). 


55 


Thompson Chemicals Corp. 


129 


Noi-wich Phai-macal Co. 


56 


Cheraico, Inc. 


130 


WlilLtemore-Wright Co., Inc. 


57 


Nonweilor, A. P., Co. 


131 


Jones-Dabney Co., Div. of Dovoe & Rayiiolds 


5S 


Apex Chemical Co., Inc. 




Co., Inc. 


59 


Atomic Basic Chemicals Corp. 


132 


Gamma Chemical Coj-p. 


60 


Chaff ardon, J. 


133 


Fairmont Chemical Co., Inc. 


61 


Coopers Creek Chemical Corp. 


134 


Pennsylvania Industrial Chemical Corp. 


62 


Dow Chemical Co. (Styrene Div.). (R. R.).^ 


135 


Shepherd Chemical Co. 


63 


Keystone Color Works, Inc. 


136 


White S: Hodges, Inc. 


6''r 


Keystone Paint & Varnish Corp. 


137 


General Tire i Rubber Co. (Chemical Div.). 


65 


Laurel Soap Manuf actm-ing Co., Inc. 


138 


Minnesota Paints, Inc. 


66 


long, Chas. R., Jr., Co. 


139 


Pine Bluff Chemical Co., subsidiai-y of Food 


6', 


Mai'blette Corp. 




Machinery & Chemical Corp. 


6i; 


Metro Dyestuff Corp. 


140 


Amalgamated Chemical Corp. 


6',' 


Raybestos Div. of fiaybestos-Manhattan, Inc. 


141 


Booty Resineers, Inc. 


70 


Sonoco Products Co. 


142 


Delaware Chemicals, Inc. 


71 


Spaulding Fibre Co., Inc. 


143 


Kali Majiufactui-ing Co. 


72 


Spencer Chemical Co. 


144 


Montclair Research Corp. 


73 


Edison, Thomas A., Inc. (Medical Gas Div.). 


145 


Niagai-a Alkali Co. 



See footnote at end of table. 
313486 O - 54 - 11 



154 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



tabu; 27.--Syntheti 



rganic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , i 955- -Continued 



No. 


Name of company 


No. 


Name of company 


146 


U. S. Eubter Co. (R. R.).^ 


228 


General Mills, Inc. 


147 


Evans Cheraetics, Inc. 


229 


Givaudan Corp. 


148 


Rinshed-Mason Co. 


230 


Lueders, George, & Co. 


149 


American Aniline t Extract Co., Inc. 


231 


Mallinolcrodt Chemical Works. 


150 


Atlas Refinery, Inc. 


232 


Merichem Co. 


151 


Bates Chemical Co. 


233 


National Biochemical Co. 


152 


Cutter Laboratories. 


234 


Pan American Refining Corp. 


153 


Genesee Research Corp. 


235 


American Maize Products Co. 


154 


Oilman Paint & Varnish Co. 


236 


Allied Chemical & Dye Corp. (Solvay Process 


155 


Huggins, James, & Son, Inc. 




Div.). 


156 


Old Colony Tar Co., Inc. 


237 


J^pleton Coated Paper Co. 


157 


Portland Gas & Coke Co. 


238 


Bristol Laboratories, Inc. 


158 


Seattle Gas Co. 


239 


Carpenter-Morton Co. 


159 


Solvent Chemical Co., Inc. 


240 


Carus Chemical Co., Inc. 


160 


Tar Distilling Co., Inc. 


241 


Colgate-Palmolive Co. 


161 


Tennessee-Frontier Corp. 


242 


Diamond Alkali Co. 


162 


Whittier Laboratories. 


243 


Firestone Plastics Co. Div. of Firestone Tire 


163 


Bin-roughs Wellcome & Co. (U.S.A.), Inc. 




& Rubber Co. 


164 


Leffingwell Chemical Co. 


244 


Kalide Corp. 


165 


Maltbie Laboratories, Inc. 


245 


Monsanto Chemical Co. 


166 


Old Hickory Chemical Co., Inc. 


246 


Pitman-Moore Co., Div. of Allied Laboratories, 


16/ 


Westinghouse Electric Corp. 




Inc. 


16S 


Wilmot Sc Cassidy, Inc. 


247 


Pure Oil Co. 


169 


Brovm Co. 


248 


Scherer, R. P., Corp. 


170 


Grand Rapids Varnish Corp. 


249 


Shawinigan Resins Corp. 


171 


International Minerals & Chemical Corp. 


250 


Southern Dyes tuff Corp. 


172 


Levey, Fred'k. H., Co., Inc. 


251 


Southside Chemical Co., Inc. 


173 


Miles Laboratories, Inc. 


252 


Stanolind Oil & Gas Co. 


174 


Schuylkill Chemical Co. 


253 


Summit Chemical Products. 


175 


Wetherill, George D., Varnish Co. 


254 


Vanderbilt Chemical Corp. 


176 


American Bio-Synthetics Corp. 


255 


Van Dyk & Co., Inc. 


l'/7 


California-Spray Chemical Corp. 


256 


General Foods Corp. (Maxwell House Div.). 


178 


Qual;er Chemical Products Corp. 


257 


Pabco Products, Inc. 


179 


Standard Naphthalene Products Co. 


258 


Shell Chemical Corp. 


180 


General Color Co., Inc. 


259 


Trask, Arthur C, Co. 


181 


Michigan Chemical Corp. 


260 


Archer-Daniels-Midland Co. 


182 


Barium Reduction Corp. 


261 


Ford Motor Corp. 


183 


Glyoo Products Co., Inc. 


262 


Hall, C. P., Co. of Illinois, 


184 


National Starch Products, Inc. 


263 


Baltimore Paint & Color Works. 


185 


Oldbuxy Electro-Chemical Co. 


264 


Buckeye Cotton Oil Co. 


186 


Ai'co Co. 


265 


Burkart-Schier Chemical Co. 


187 


Specific Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 


266 


Kay-Fries Chemicals, Inc. 


188 


Taylor Fibre Co. 


267 


New York Quinine & Chemical Works, Inc. 


189 


Crown Chemical Corp. 


268 


Wilson Organic Chemicals, Inc. 


190 


Baker, J. T., Chemical Co. (Taylor Chemical 


269 


Zurn, 0. F., Co. 




Div,). 


270 


Alox Corp. 


191 


Lever Brothers Co. 


271 


American Chemical Paint Co. 


192 


Osborn, C. J., Co. 


272 


Cook Paint & Varnish Co. 


193 


Oxford Corp. 


273 


General Tire & Rubber Co. (R. R.).^ 


194 


Pratt & Lambert, Inc. 


274 


Maywood Chemical Works. 


195 


Pui-ex Corp., Ltd. 


275 


Pennsylvania Salt Manufacturing Co. 


196 


Snyder Chemical Corp. 


276 


Procter & Gamble Co. 


197 


Standard Chlorine Chemical Co. 


277 


Thomasset Colors, Inc. 


198 


Sumner Chemical Co., Inc. 


278 


Cosden Petroleum Corp. 


199 


Upjohn Co. 


279 


Greenwood Textile Supply Co. 


200 


Wheeler, Reynolds & Stauffer. 


280 


Werner Drug & Chamical Co. 


201 


Clinton Foods, Inc. 


281 


Baker, J. T., Chemical Co. 


202 


Puget Sound Pulp & Timber Co. 


282 


Fine Colors Co. 


203 


Schieffelin & Co. 


283 


Great Southern Chemical Corp. 


204 


Krumbhaar Chemical Co., Inc. 


284 


Moreland Chemical Co., Inc. 


205 


Nepera Chemical Co., Inc. 


285 


Newport Industries, Inc. 


206 


Ottawa Chemical Co., Inc. 


286 


Allied Chemical & Dye Corp. (Nitrogen Div.). 


207 


SjTivai- Corp. 


287 


Corn Products Refining Co. 


208 


Victor Chemical Works. 


288 


Kentuck-y Color & Chemical Co. 


209 


Gulf Oil Corp. 


289 


Merrell, Wm. S., Co. 


210 


Atlantic Refining Co. 


290 


Paul-Lewis Laboratories, Inc. 


211 


Berk, F. W., & Co., Inc. 


291 


Ad -Co Color Corp. 


212 


Bruder, M. A., & Sons, Inc. 


292 


California Flaxseed Products Co. 


213 


Cities Service Refining Corp. (R. R.).^ 


293 


Carolina Aniline & Extract Co. 


214 


Federal Paint Co., Inc. 


294 


Chemical Manufacturing Co., Inc. 


215 


Oil & Chemical Products, Inc. 


295 


Chemical Process Co. 


216 


Publicker Industries, Inc. 


296 


Colton Chemical Co. 


217 


Stauffer Chemical Co. 


297 


Fuller, W. P., & Co. 


218 


Western Condensing Co. 


298 


Industrial Products, Inc. 


219 


Balier Castor Oil Co. 


299 


Inland Alkaloid Co. 


220 


Chase Chemical Corp. 


300 


Lakeside Laboratories, Inc. 


221 


General Petroleum Corp. 


301 


Maumee Chemical Co. 


222 


Hercules Powder Co. 


302 


Dominion Products, Inc. 


223 


Shell Oil Co. 


303 


Oronito Chemical Co. 


224 


Peck's Products Co. 


304 


Pacific Paint & Varnish Co. 


225 


Florasynth Laboratories, Inc. 


305 


Richfield Oil Corp. 


226 


Colt's Manufacturing Co. 


306 


Roosevelt Oil & Refining Corp. 


227 


Delta Chemical Works. 


307 


Royce Chemical Co. 



See footnote at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



155 





TABLE 27. --Synthetic organic chemicals; D 


irectory of manufacturers, 1 953- -Continued 




No. 


Name of company 


No. 


Name of company 


308 


Smith, Klein & French Laboratories. 


385 


Ultra Chemical Works, Inc. 




309 


Trojan Powder Co. 


386 


Collett-Week-Nibeoker, Inc. 




310 


United Piece Dye Works. 


387 


Durez Plastics & Chemicals, Inc. 




311 


Velsiool Corp., Div. of Arvey Corp. 


388 


Holland Color & Chemical Co. 




312 


Virginia-Carolina Chemical Corp. 


389 


Lemlce, B. L., & Co., Inc. 




313 


Wallace & Tiernan, Inc. 


390 


Montrose Chemical Corp. of California. 




3U 


Witco Chemical Co. 


391 


Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co. 




315 


Dow Corning Corp. 


392 


Union Carbide & Carbon Corp. (Carbide & 


Carbon 


316 


Inland Steel Container Co. 




Chemicals Co.). 




317 


Loven Chemical Co. of California. 


393 


Valspar Corp. (Valentine & Co. Div.). 




31C 


Esso Standard Oil Co. 


394 


Gane's Chemical Worlcs, Inc. 




319 


Farrington, W. U., Estate of. 


395 


Glidden Co. 




320 


Interohemical Corp. (Textile Colors Div.). 


396 


Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. 




321 


Jefferson Chemical Co., Inc. 


397 


Heyden Chemical Corp. 




322 


Kendall Refining Co. 


398 


Kennecott Copper Corp. (Utah Copper Div 


). 


323 


Koppers Co., Inc. 


399 


Maas & Waldstein Co. 




324 


Meta Chemical Corp. 


400 


Parke, Davis & Co. 




325 


Metalsalts Corp. 


401 


Premo Pharmaceutical Laboratories, Inc. 




326 


National Chlorophyll & Chemical Co. 


402 


Shulton, Inc. (Fine Chemicals Div.). 




327 


Neville Chemical Co. 


403 


Standard Chemical Products, Inc. 




328 


Ottol Oil Co. 


404 


Sun Oil Co. 




329 


Remington Arms Co., Inc. 


405 


Texas Co. 




330 


Stange, Wm. J., Co. 


406 


Uhlich, Paul, & Co., Inc. 




331 


Tennessee Products & Chemical Corp. 


407 


U. S. Oil Co. 




332 


Dexter Chemical Corp. 


408 


Varcum Chemical Corp, 




333 


duPont de Nemours, E. I., & Co., Inc. 


409 


Washburn, T. F., Co. 




334 


Union Carbide Ce Carbon Corp. (Linde Air 


410 


Western Dry Color Co. 






Products Co. Div.). 


411 


Young Aniline Works, Inc. 




335 


Bios Laboratories, Inc. 


412 


Thiokol Chemical Corp. 




336 


Ciba Pharmaceutical Products, Inc. 


413 


Crown Central Petroleum Corp. 




337 


Hoolcer-Detrex, Inc. 


414 


Fritzsche Brothers, Inc. 




33a 


Hooker Electrochemical Co. 


415 


Pfizer, Chas., & Co., Inc. 




339 


Irvington Varnish & Insulator Co. Div. of 


416 


Wilson Laboratories . 






Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Co. 


417 


Atlas Powder Co. 




340 


Pabst Brewing Co. 


418 


Celanese Corp. of America. 




341 


Hitter Chemical Co., Inc. 


419 


Endo Products, Inc. 




342 


Alrose Div. of Geigy Chemical Corp. 


420 


Hampden Color & Chemical Co. 




343 


Benzol Products Co. 


421 


Nopco Chemical Co., Inc. 




34^K 


Cities Service Oil Co. 


422 


Specialty Resins Co. 




345 


Food Machinery & Chemical Corp. (Westvaco 


423 


Union Oil Co. of California. 






Chemical Div.). 


424 


Zinsser & Co., Inc. 




346 


General Electric Co. (Chemical Div.). 


425 


Childs Pulp Colors, Inc. 




347 


Grain Processing Corp. 


426 


Ethyl Corp. 




34£i 


Harsyd Chemicals, Inc. 


427 


Peters Chemical Co. 




349 


Hart Products Corp. 


428 


Sandoz Chemical Works, Inc. 




350 


Heresite & Chemical Co. 


429 


Wolf, Jacques, Sc Co. 




351 


Miranol Chemical Co., Inc. 


430 


Mathieson Chemical Corp. 




352 


Norda Essential Oil & Chemical Co., Inc. 


431 


Fries Bros., Inc. 




353 


Nuodex Products Co., Inc. 


432 


Lebec Chemical Corp. 




354 


Pathfinder Chemical Corp., subsidiary of 


433 


Lever, C, Co., Inc. 






Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. 


434 


Car^^ri.n Co. 




355 


Warner-Jenkinson Manufacturing Co. 


435 


Ohio Chemical & Surgical Equipment Co. 




356 


White & Bagley Co. 


436 


Soluol Chemical Co., Inc. 




357 


Wallace & Tiernan, Inc. (Lucidol Div.). 


437 


American Polymer Co. Div. of the Borden 


Co. 


358 


Alframine Corp. 


438 


Drew, E. F., & Co., Inc. 




359 


American Potash Sc Chemical Corp. (Eston 


439 


Federal Color Laboratories, Inc. 






Chemicals Div.). 


440 


Harshaw Chemical Co. 




360 


Chemo Puro Manufacturing Corp. 


441 


Humble Oil & Refining Co. 




361 


McCloskey Varnish Co. 


442 


Lilly, Eli, & Co. 




362 


Sooony-Vacuum Oil Co., Inc. 


443 


Phillips Petroleum Co. (R. R.).^ 




363 


Westville Laboratories . 


444 


Sharp & Dohme Div. of Merck & Co., Inc. 




364 


Alco Oil & Chemical Corp. 


445 


Staley, A. E., Manufacturing Co. 




365 


Arnold, Hoffman Sc Co., Inc. 


446 


Ninol Laboratories, Inc. 




366 


Ciba States, Ltd. (Toms River Div.). 


4A7 


Wolff -Alport Chemical Corp. 




367 


Commercial Solvents Corp. 


448 


Dow Chemical Co. 




360 


Edcan Laboratories. 


449 


Borden Co. (Chemical Div.). 




369 


Johnson, Chas. Eneu, Co., Inc. 


450 


Deecy Products Co. 




370 


Kessler Chemical Co., Inc. 


451 


van Ameringen-Haebler, Inc. 




371 


National Lead Co. 


452 


Hoffmann-LaRoche, Inc. 




372 


Reilly Tar & Chemical Corp. 


453 


Interohemical Corp. (Finishes Div.). 




373 


Republic Creosoting Co. 


454 


Plastics Engineering Co. 




374 


Richards Chemical Works, Div. of Onyx Oil & 


455 


Belle Chemical Co., Inc. 






Chemical Co. 


456 


Pittsburgh Coke & Chemical Co. 




375 


Ruberoid Co. 


457 


Schering Corp. 




376 


Sterling Drug, Inc. (Hilton-Davis Div.). 


458 


Sun Chemical Corp. (Pigment Div.). 




377 


United States Pipe & Foundry Co. 


459 


Goodrich, B. F., Chemical Co. (Div. of B 


. F. 


378 


U. S. Rubber Co. (Naugatuck Chemical Div.). 




Goodrich Co.). (R. R.).^ 




379 


Winthrop-Stearns, Inc. 


460 


Verona Chemical Co. 




380 


All-Tex Specialties Co. 


461 


Industrial Dyestuff Co. 




381 


Blackman Brands, Inc. 


462 


Schwarz Laboratories, Inc. 




382 


Bryant Chemical Corp. 


463 


U. S. Industrial Chemical Co. 




383 


Halby Products Co. 


464 


American Cyanamid Co. (Lederle Laboratories 


384 


Huron Milling Co. 




Div. and Organic Chemicals Div.). 





See footnote at end of table. 



156 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

TABLE 27 .--Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1953--Continued 



No. 


Name of company 


No. 


Name of company 


465 


Dawe's Laboratories, Inc. 


542 


Hexagon Laboratories, Ino. 


466 


Ferro Chemical Corp. 


543 


Keystone Chemurgio Corp. 


467 


Patent Chemicals, Inc. 


544 


Midland Industrial Finishes Co. 


468 


R. S. A. Corp. 


545 


Union Bay State Chemical Co., Inc. 


469 


Vitamins, Inc. 


546 


Sterling Drug, Inc. (Bayer Co. Div.). 


470 


Synthetic Chemicals, Inc. 


547 


Searle, G. D., S: Co. 


471 


Brooklyn Color Works, Inc. 


548 


Sigma Chemical Co. 


472 


Dykera Co. 


549 


Wyandotte Chemicals Corp. 


473 


Continental Oil Co. 


550 


General Aniline & Film Corp. (Dyestuff & 


474 


Hyraan, Julius, & Co. 




Chemical Div.). 


475 


(Jialcer Oats Co. 


551 


Humplirey-Wilkinson, Inc. 


476 


Remsen Chemicals, Inc. 


552 


May, Otto B., Inc. 


477 


Indoil Chemical Corp. 


553 


Salem Oil & Grease Co. 


47C 


Berkshire Color & Chemical Mfg. Corp. 


554 


Southern Sizing Co. 


479 


Cleary, W. A., Corp. 


555 


Standai-d Oil Co. of California. 


4ao 


Crown Chemical Div., Joseph Turner & Co. 


556 


Standard Chemical Co. 


481 


Esso Standard Oil Co. (Louisiana Div.). 


557 


Gallowhur Chemical Corp. 


4C2 


Pedlow-Nease Chemical Co., Inc. 


558 


Pfanstiehl Chemical Co. 


4S3 


Tennessee Eastman Co., Div. of Eastman Kodak 


559 


Phai-ma Chemical Corp. 




Co. 


560 


Standard Oil Co. of Indiana. 


484 


Texas Eastman Co., Div. of Eastman Kodak Co. 


561 


Wioa Co., Ino. 


485 


Advance Solvents & Chemical Corp. 


562 


Maschmeijer, A., Jr., Inc. 


486 


Pfister Chemical Works, Inc. 


563 


Goodrich, B. F,, Chemical Co. 


487 


Union Carbide t Carbon Corp. (Bakelite Co.). 


564 


Wyeth Laboratories, Ino. 


488 


Coastwise Petroleum Co. 


565 


Abbott Laboratories. 


439 


Douglas Chemical Corp. 


566 


Sun Chemical Corp. (Warwick Chemical Co. Div.). 


490 


France, Campbell S: Darling, Inc. 


567 


Ealcins, J. S. & W. R., Inc. 


491 


Leatex Chemical Co. 


568 


Reichhold Chemicals, Ino. 


492 


Lebanon Chemical Corp. 


569 


Biok & Co., Inc. 


493 


Rohm & Haas Co. 


570 


Collway Colors, Inc. 


494 


Berkeley Chemical Corp. 


571 


Stepan Chemical Co. 


495 


Cincinnati Chemical Works, Inc. 


572 


Fisher Scientific Co. 


496 


Dewey & Almy Chemical Co. 


573 


Houghton, E. F., & Co. 


497 


Eastern States Chemical Corp. 


574 


Montrose Chemical Co. 


498 


Eastman Kodak Co. 


575 


DePaul Chemical Co., Inc. 


499 


Emery Industries, Inc. 


576 


American Aniline Products, Inc. 


500 


Magruder Color Co., Inc. 


577 


Permutit Co. 


501 


Arabol Manufacturing Co. 


578 


Augusta Chemical Co. 


502 


Pennsylvania Refining Co. 


579 


Davis, H. B., Co. 


503 


American Alkyd Industries. 


580 


Shai'ples Chemicals, Inc. 


504 


Allied Chemical S: Dye Corp. (General Chemical 


581 


Stresen-Reuter, Fred'k. A., Inc. 




Div.). 


532 


Trubek Laboratories. 


505 


Finetex, Inc. 


583 


Alliance Color & Chemical Co. 


506 


LaSalle Chemical Corp. 


534 


DePree Co. 


507 


Farmers' Chemical Co. 


535 


Lewis Tar Products Co. 


503 


Ritter, F., S: Co. 


586 


Seydel Chemical Co. 


509 


Rossville Dyestuff Corp. 


537 


Sinclair & Valentine Co. 


510 


Sapon Laboratories. 


588 


Strong, Cobb & Co., Inc. (American Chlorophyll 


511 


Verley Chemical Co., Inc. 




Div.). 


512 


Columbia Organic Chemicals, Inc. 


589 


Universal Detergents, Inc. 


513 


Lobica-Debruille, Inc. 


590 


Bersworth Chemical Co. 


51-; 


Medical Chemicals Corp. 


591 


Fine Organics, Ino. 


515 


Merck & Co., Inc. 


592 


National Petro-Chemicals Corp. 


516 


Morton-Withers Chemical Co. 


593 


Dodge & Olcott, Inc. 


517 


Riverdale Chemical Co. 


594 


Diamond Alkali Organic Chemicals Div., Inc. 


513 


Sinclair Refining Co. 


595 


Swope Oil & Chemical Co. 


519 


New York Color & Chemical Co., Div. of 


596 


Watson-Pai'k Co. 




American Dyewood Co. 


597 


Cockerille, F. 0. 


520 


Orbis Products Corp. 


598 


Felton Chemical Co., Inc. 


521 


Sherwin-Williams Co. 


599 


Ringirood Chemical Corp. 


522 


Squibb, E. R., & Sons, Div. of Mathieson 


600 


Penick, S. B., & Co. 




Chemical Corp. 


601 


Kentuclcy Synthetic Rubber Corp. (R. R.),.^ 
Midland Synthetic Rubber Co. (R. R.).^ 


523 


Althouse Chemical Co., Inc. 


602 


524 


Catalin Corp. of America. 


603 


Ethyl-Dow Chemical Co. 


525 


Imperial Paper & Color Corp. (Pigment Color 


604 


Archor-Daniels-Midland Co. (Chlorophyll Div.). 




Div.). 


605 


Allied Chemical & Dye Coi-p. (Semet-Solvay 


526 


Organic Chemical Corp. 




Div.). 


527 


Allied Chemical & Dye Corp. (National Aniline 


606 


Callison, I. P.y & Sons, Inc. 




Div.). 


607 


Hoffman-Taff, Iiic. 


528 


Jennison-Wright Corp. 


608 


Lubrizol Corp. 


529 


Jordan, Jr., W. H., & F., Manufacturing Co. 






530 


Cabot, Godfrey L., Inc. 






531 


Standard Ultramai-ine & Color Co. 






532 


Allcydol Laboratories, Inc. 






533 


Perkins Glue Co. 






534 


Reilly-Whitman-Walton Co. 






535 


Synthron, Ino . 






536 


Allied Chemical & Dye Corp. (Barrett Div.). 






537 


Ansbacher-Siegle Corp. 






538 


Productol Co. 






539 


Sheffield Chemical Co., Ino. 






5^f0 


Azoplate Corp. 






541 


Emulsol Corp. 







^ R. R. in parentheses following the name of a company indicates U. S. Government plant operated for the 
Office of Rubber Reserve. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 157 

tabu; 27 . -Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 7953- -Cnnt iniieH 

SECTION 2, AIPHABETICAL DIRECTORY 

[ Names of synthetic organic chemical manufacturers who reported production or sales to the United States 
Tariff Commission for 1953 are listed below alphabetically, together with their identification numbers 
as used in tables in part III. Section 1 of this table lists these manufacturers in the order of their 
identification numbers! 



Name of company 



Abbott Laboratories 

Ad-Co Color Corp 

Advance Paint Co — 

Advance Solvents & Chemical Corp' 

Alco Oil & Chemical Corp 

Alframine Corp 

Alkydol Laboratories, Inc 

Alliance Color & Chemical Co 

Allied Chemical & Dye Corp.: 
Barrett Div 



General Chemical Div- 



National Aniline Div 

Semet-Solvay Div — 

Solvay Process Div 

All-Tex Specialties Co 

Alox Corp 

Alrose Div., Geigy Chemical Corp 

Althouse Chemical Co., Inc 

Amalgamated Chemical Corp 

American Alcolac Corp-- ~ — 

American Alkyd Industries 

American Aniline & Extract Co., Inc- 

American Aniline Products, Inc 

American Bio-Synthetics Corp — 

American Chemical Paint Co 

American Cyanamid Co 



Lederle I aboratories Div 



Organic Chemicals Div- 



Amerioan Maize Products Co- 
American Marietta Co 



Ferbert-Schorndorfer Co. Div 

American Polymer Co. Div. of the 

Borden Co. 
American Potash and Chemical Corp. 

Eston Chemicals Div. 
American Viscose Corp——-—- 

Sylvania Div- 



Anderson Laboratories, Inc 

Ansbacher-Siegle Corp — 

Ansul Chemical Co — — 

Apex Chemical Co., Inc———— 

Appleton Coated Paper Co 

Arabol Manufacturing Co 

Arapahoe Chemicals, Inc., & Arapahoe 

Special Products, Inc. 
Aroher-Daniels-Midland Co 

Chlorophyll Div 



Arco Co- 



Armour & Co., Chemical Div 
Armstrong Cork Co- 
Arnold, Hoffman & Co., Inc 

Astra Pharmaceutical Products, Ino- 
Atlantic Refining Co 



Atlas Powder Co- 



Atlas Processing Co 

Atlas Refinery, Inc 

Atlas Wall Paper Mills, Inc 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



and Marcus 
(Buffalo, N. Y. 
(South Point, 



14th St. and Sheridan Rd., North Chicago, 111. 

66 Lister Ave., Newark 5, N. J. 

601-35 Kentucky Ave., Indianapolis 7, Ind. 

245 5th Ave., New York 16, N. Y. (Jersey City, N. J.). 

Trenton Ave. and William St., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 

72-76 Putnam St., Paterson 4, N. J. 

3242 S. 50th Ave., Cicero 50, 111. 

33 Avenue P, Newark 5, N. J. 

40 Rector St., New York 6, N. Y. (Fairfield, Ala.; 

Calumet City and Chicago, 111.; Detroit, Mich.; 

Edgewater, N. J.; Greensboro, N. C; Ironton, 

Toledo, and Youngstown, Ohio; and Bethlehem, 

Frankford, and Philadelphia, Pa.). 
40 Rector St., New York 6, N. Y. (Claymont, Del.; 

Baton Rouge, La.; Buffalo, N 

Hook, Pa.). 
40 Rector St., New York 6. N. ' 

and Moundsville, W. Va.). 
40 Rector St., New York 6, N. ' 

Ohio, and Hopewell, Va.). 
40 Rector St., New York 6 (Tonawanda), N. Y. 
Syracuse 1 (Geddes), N. Y. 
65 Meadow St., Warwick, R. I. 
70 Pine St., New York 3 (Niagara Falls), N. Y. 
P.O. Box 1294, Providence 1 (Cranston), R. I. 
540 Pear St., Reading, Pa. 
Ontario and Rorer Sts., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 
3440 Fairfield Rd., Baltimore 26, Md. 
Broad and 14th Sts., Carlstadt, N. J. 
Venango and F Sts., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 
50 Union Sq., New York 3, N. Y. (Lock Haven, Pa.). 
710 W. National Ave., Milwaukee 4, Wis. 
Ambler, Pa. 
30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York 20, N. Y. (Azusa, 

Calif.; Stamford and Wallingford, Conn.; Bound 

Brook, Warners, and Woodbridge, N.'J.; Charlotte, 

N. C; and Bridgeville, Pa.). 
30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York 20 (Pearl River), 

N. Y. 
30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York 20, N. Y. (Bound 

Brook, N. J.). 

100 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. 
3400 13th Ave., SW., Seattle 4, Wash. 
12815 Elmwood Ave., Cleveland 11, Ohio. 

101 Foster St., Peabody, Mass. 

3100 E. 26th St., Los Angeles 23, Calif. 

1617 Pennsylvania Blvd., Philadelphia 3 (Meadville), Pa. 

Fredericksburg, Va, 

3940 Summit St., Weston, Mich. 

92 Chestnut Ave., Hosebank, Staten Island 5, N. Y. 

1 Stanton St., Marinette, Wis. 

225 W. 34th St., New York 1, N. Y. (Ellzabethport, 

N. J.). 
1200 N. Meade St., Appleton, Wis. 
110 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. 
2800 Pearl St., Boulder, Colo. 

2191 W. 110th St., Cleveland, Ohio (Wyandotte, Mich.). 
P.O. Box 839, Minneapolis 2. Minn. (Neodesha, 

Kans . , and Bethlehem, Pa . ) . 
7301 Bessemer Ave., Cleveland 27, Ohio. 
1355 W, 31st St., Chicago 9 (McCook) , 111. 
W. Liberty St., Lancaster (Pittsburgh), Pa. 
55 Canal St., Providence 1, R. I. (Dighton, Mass.; 

Charlotte, N. C; and Cincinnati, Ohio). 
7j Neponset St., Worcester 6, Mass. 
260 S. Broad St., Philadelphia 1, Pa. (Port Arthur, 

Tex.). 
9th and Market Sts., Wilmington, Del. (Atlas Point, 

Del,, and Reynolds, Pa.). 
P.O. Box 1786, Shreveport, La, 
142 Lockwood St., Newark 5, N. J. 
Coal City, 111. 



158 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TAHLE 27. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, W53--Continue(1 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



578 
540 
219 
281 
190 
263 
182 
151 
121 
455 
343 
211 
494 
478 
590 
569 
122 
335 
93 
381 
141 
449 



238 
471 
169 
212 
382 
264 
265 
163 



292 
103 
177 
606 
84 
123 
293 
239 
240 
434 
524 



60 
220 
294 
295 

56 
360 
425 
336 
366 
495 

34A 
213 
104 
75 
479 
201 
488 
597 
241 



386 
570 
296 
226 
512 



Atomic Basic Chemicals Corp 

Augusta Chemical Co 

Azoplate Corp 

Baker Castor Oil Co 

Baker, J. T., Chemical Co 

Taylor Chemical Div 

Baltimore Paint & Color Works- 
Barium Reduction Corp 

Bates Chemical Co-~ 

Belle Alkali Co 

Belle Chemical Co., Inc — 

Benzol Products Co 

Berk, F. W., & Co., Inc 

Berkeley Chemical Corp 

Berkshire Color & Chemical Mfg. Corp- 

Bersworth Chemical Co— — 

Bick & Co., Inc 

Bio-Process Co., Div. of Armour & Co- 
Bios Laboratories, Ino 

Bird Sc Son, Inc 



Blackman Brands, Ino- 
Booty Resineers, Inc- 
Borden Co., Chemical Div- 



Bristol Laboratories, Inc 

Brooklyn Color Works, Ino 

Brovm Co 

Bruder, M. A., & Sons, Ino 



Bryant Chemical Corp- 
Buckeye Cotton Oil Co- 
B\irkart-Schier Chemical Co- 



Burroughs-Wellcome & Co. (U.S.A.), 
Inc. 

Cabot, Godfrey L., Inc — 

Cabot, Samuel, Inc — — 

Cadet Chemical Corp 

Calabama Chemical Co~ 



California Flaxseed Products Co 

California Ink Co., Inc 

California-Spray Chemical Corp 

Callison, I. P., & Sons, Ino 

Cargill, Inc., Falk Div- 
Carlisle Chemical Works, Inc — 
Carolina Aniline & Extract Co- 
Carpenter-Morton Co 

Carus Chemical Co., Inc- 
Carwin Co — 



Catalin Corp. of America- 
Celanese Corp. of America- 



Marco Products Div . 

Chaffardon, J 

Chase Chemical Corp 

Chemical Manufacturing Co., Inc- 
Chemical Process Co — • 



Chemico, Inc 

Chemo-Puro Manufacturing Corp 

Childs Pulp Colors, Ino 

Ciba Pharmaceutical Products, Inc- 
Ciba States, Ltd., Toms River Div- 
Cinoinnati Chemical Works, Inc 



Cities Service Oil Co- 



Cities Service Refining Corp. (R. R.)^ 

Citro Chemical Co 

City Chemical Corp 

Cleary, W. A., Corp —————— 

Clinton Foods, Ino — — 

Coastwise Petroleum Co 

Cockerille, F. 

Colgate-Palmolive Co 



Collett-Week-Nlbecker, 

Collway Colors, Inc 

Colton Chemical Co 

Colt ' s Manufacturing Co- 



Columbia Organic Chemicals, Ino- 
See footnote at end of table. 



350 Delwar Rd., Pittsburgh 36, Pa. 

Box 660, Augusta, Ga. 

Morris Ave. and Weaver St., Summit, N. J. 

120 Broadway, New York 5, N. Y. (Bayonne, N. J.). 

600 N. Broad St., Phillipsburg, N. J. 

600 N. Broad St., Phillipsburg, N. J. (Penn Yan, N. Y.). 

2325 Annapolis Ave., Baltimore 30, Md. 

P.O. Box 8097, S. Charleston 3, W. Va. 

Scottdale Rd., Lansdowne, Pa. 

P.O. Box 615, Belle, W. Va. 

534 Pearl St., Reading, Pa. 

237 South St., Newark 5 (Piscataway), N. J. 

Park PI., E., Wood-Ridge, N. J. 

Summit Ave., Berkeley Heights, N. J, 

250 Delawanna Ave., Delawanna, N. J. 

875 Waver ly St., Framingham, Mass. 

1820 N. 12th St., Reading, Pa. 

P.O. Box 1411, Joliet, 111. 

17 W. 60th St., New York 23, N. Y. 

East Walpole (Norwood), Mass. 

Wesley St., S. Hackensack, N. J. 

112 Jefferson St., Newark, Ohio. 

350 Madison Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Demopolis, Ala.; 

Dominguez, Calif.; Union, 111.; Bainbridge, N. Y.; 

Kernersville, N. C; Springfield, Ore.; Philadelphia, 

Pa.; and Seattle, Wash.). 
P.O. Box 657, Syracuse 1, N. Y. 
681 Morgan Ave., Brooklyn 22, N. Y. 
650 Main St., Berlin, N. H. 
52d and Grays Ave., Philadelphia 43, Pa. 
6 North St., N. Quincy 71, Mass. 
P.O. Box 539, Cincinnati 1, Ohio. 
Chestnut St. at 13th, Chattanooga 2, Tenn. 
Main St., Tuckahoe 7, N. Y. 

77 Franklin St., Boston 10 (Cambridge), Mass. 

141 Milk St., Boston 9 (Chelsea), Mass. 

717 Elk St., Buffalo 5, N. Y. 

P.O. Box 147, Huntsville 1, Ala. 

3135 E. 26th St., Los Angeles 23, Calif. 

545 Sansome St., San Francisco 11 (Berkeley), Calif. 

Lucas and Ortho Way, Richmond 4, Calif. 

801 Lloyd Bldg., Seattle 1, Wash. 

Rosslyn Sta., Carnegie, Pa. 

West St., Reading 15, Ohio. 

301 S. Cedar St., Charlotte 1, N. C. 

376 3d St., Everett 49, Mass. 

Box 364, LaSalle, 111. 

Stiles Lane, North Haven, Conn. 

1 Park Ave., New York 16, N. Y. (Calumet City, 111.; 

Fords, N. J.; and Thomasville, N. C). 
180 Madison Ave., New York 16, N. Y. (Amcelle, Md.; 

Newark, N. J.; Celxiver, S. C; Bishop and Painpa, 

Tex.; and Celco, Va.). 
290 Ferry St., Newark (Linden), N. J. 
209 Market St., Lynn, Mass. 
3527 Smallman St., Pittsburgh 1, Pa. 
Ashland, Mass. 

901 Spring St., Redwood City, Calif. 
2508 E. Bailey Rd., Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio. 
32-25 Queens Blvd., Long Island City 1, N. Y. 
43 Summit St., Brooklyn 31, N. Y. 
556 Morris Ave., Summit, N. J. 
P.O. Box 71, Toms River, N. J. 
P.O. Box 20, Evanston Sta., Cincinnati 7 (Norwood 

and St, Bernard), Ohio. 
Masonic-Empire Bldg., Bartlesville (Tallant), Okla. 
716 Hodges St., Lake Charles, La. 
199 Maywood Ave., Maywood, N. J. 

132 W. 22d St., New York 11, N. Y. (Jersey City, N. J.). 
New Brunswick (Franklin Township), N. J. 
Clinton, Iowa. 

1127 Munsey Bldg., Baltimore 2, Md. (Goodhope, La.). 
Greenwood, Va. 
105 Hudson St., Jersey City 2, N. J. (Berkeley, 

Calif.; Jeffersonville, Ind.; Kansas City, Kane.; 

and Jersey City, N. J.). 
Quimby St., Osslning, N. Y. 
15 Market St., Pater son 1, N. J. 
1545 E. I8th St., Cleveland 14, Ohio. 
17 Van Dyke Ave., Hartford 15, Conn. 
600 Capitol PI., Columbia (Cedar Terrace), S. C. 



1 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, I953 

TABLE 27. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , /953- -Continued 



159 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



Commercial Solvents Corp 



Commonwealth Color & Chemical Co 

Continental-Diamond Fibre Co — 

Continental Oil Co- - — 



Cook Paint & Varnish Co 

Coopers Creek Chemical Corp 

Copolymer Corp. (R. R.)''' 

Com Products Refining Co 

Cosden Petroleum Corp— — — — 

Crosby Chemicals, Ino— 

Crown Central Petroleum Corp 

Crown Chemical Corp 

Crown Chemical Div. of Joseph Turner 
& Co. 

Crownoil Chemical Co., Inc 

Crown Tar & Chemical Works, Inc 

Cutter Laboratories 



Dakota Briquets & Tar Products, Ino- 

Davis, H. B., Co 

Dawe's Laboratories, Inc 

Deecy Products Co 

Delaware Chemicals, Inc 

Delta Chemical Works 



DePaul Chemical Co., Ino 

DePree Co 



DeVoe & Raynolds Co., Inc. 

Dabney Co. Div. 
Dewey & Alray Chemical Co — 

Dexter Chemical Corp 

Diamond Alkali Co 



Diamond Alkali Organic Chemicals 
Div., Inc. 

Dodge & Olcott, Ino 

Dominion Products, Inc 

Douglas Chemical Corp 
Dow Chemical Co 



Dow Chemical Co., Styrene Div. 

(R. R.).i 
Dow Corning Corp — 

Drew, E. F., & Co., Ino 

Drug Processors, Inc 

duFont de Nemours, E. I,, & Co, 



Durez Plastics & Chemicals, Inc- 

Dye Specialties Corp., Ino 

Dykem Co —____ 

Eakins, J. S. & W. R., Ino 

Eastern States Chemical Corp 

Eastman Kodak Co 



Tennessee Eastman Co. Dlv- 

Texas Eastman Co. Div 

Edcan Laboratories———— 



Edison, Thomas A., Inc., Medical Gas 
Div. 

El Dorado Oil Works 

Elizabethtown Consolidated Gas Co 

Emery Industries, Inc 

Emkay Chemical Co—- 

Emulsol Corp 

Endo Products, Inc 

Esso Standard Oil Co- 
Louisiana Div 

Ethyl Corp 



Ethyl-Dow Chemical Co 
Evans Chemetics, Inc 

Fairmont Chemical Co., Ino 

Farley & Loetsoher Manufacturing Co- 
Farmers ' Chemical Co 
Farrington, W, U., Estate of 
Federal Color Laboratories, Inc 



See footnote at end of table. 



260 Madison Ave., New York 16, N. Y. (Agnew, Calif.; 

Peoria, 111.; Terre Haute, Ind.; Harvey and 

Sterlington, La.; and Carlstadt, N. J.). 
3240 Grace Ave., New York 69, N. Y. 
70 S. Chapel St., Newark, Del. (Bridgeport, Pa.). 
1000 S. Pine St., Ponca City, Okla. 
P.O. Box 389, Kansas City 41, Mo. 
River Rd., W. Conshohocken, Pa, 
P.O. Box 1029, Baton Rouge 1, La. 
17 Battery PI., New York 4, N. Y. (Argo, 111.). 
P.O. Box 1311, Big Spring, Tex. 
Box 32, De Rldder, La. (Picayune, Miss.). 
American Bldg., Baltimore 2, Md. (Pasadena, Tex.). 
240 India St., Providence 3, R. I. 
Pleasantvlew Terrace, Ridgefield, N. J. 

2-14 49th Ave., Long Island City 1, N. Y. 

900 Wewatta St., Denver 4, Colo. 

4th and Parker Sts., Berkeley 1, Calif. 

Dickinson, N. Dak. 

Bayard & Severn Sts., Baltimore 2, Md. 

4S0O S. Richmond St., Chicago 32, 111. (Newaygo, Mich.). 

120 Potter St., Cambridge 42, Mass. 

50 Murray St., Staten Island 9, N. Y. 

23 W. 60th St., New York 23, N. Y. 

44-27 Purvis St., Long Island City 1, N. Y. 

130 Central Ave., Holland, Mich. 

1481 S. 11th St., Louisville 8, Ky. 

62 Whittemore Ave., Cambridge 40 (Acton), Mass. 

819 Edgewater Rd., New York 59, N. Y. 

300 Union Commerce Bldg., Cleveland 14, Ohio (Painesville, 

Ohio, and Houston, Tex.). 
80 Lister Ave., Newark 5, N. J. 

180 Variok St., New York 14, N. Y. (Bayonne, N. J.). 

10-40 44th Dr., Long Island City 1, N. Y. 

1624 Darrow Ave., Evanston, 111. 

Midland, Mich. (Pittsburg, Calif.; Gales Ferry, 

Conn.; and Freeport, Tex.). 
P.O. Box 500, Gardena (Los Angeles), Calif. 

Box 592, Midland, Mich. 

15 E. 26th St., New York 10, N. Y. (Boonton, N. J.). 
1219 E. Church St., Adrian, Mich. 

10th and Market Sts., Wilmington '" ',, Del. (Newport 
and Wilmington, Del.; E. Chicago, Ind.; Louisville, 
Ky. ; Wyandotte, Mich.; Arlington, Carney's Point, 
Deepwater, Glbbstown, Grasselli, Newark, New 
Brunswick, Parlln, and Perth Amboy, N. J.; Dresden 
and Niagara Falls, N. Y.; Toledo, Ohio; Philadelphia, 
Pa.; Memphis, Tenn.; Houston, Orange, and Victoria, 
Tex.; and Belle and Parkersburg, W. Va.). 

Walok Rd., N. Tonawanda, N. Y. 

26 Journal Sq., Jersey City 6, N. J. 

2307 N. 11th St., St. Louis 6, Mo. 

55 Berry St., Brooklyn 11, N. Y. 

8938 Manchester Ave., Houston 12, Tex. 

343 State St., Rochester 4, N. Y. 

Eastman Rd., Kingsport, Tenn. 

P.O. Box 2068, Longview, Tex. 

10 Pine St., South Norwalk, Conn. 

P.O. Box 15, Stuyvesant Falls, N. Y. 

311 California St., San Francisco 4 (Oakland), Calif. 

16 W. Jersey St., Elizabeth 4, N. J. 
4300 Carew Tower, Cincinnati 2, Ohio. 
319 2d St., Elizabeth 1, N. J. 

59 E. Madison St., Chicago 3, 111. 

84-«) 101st St., Richmond Hill 18, N. Y. 

P.O. Box 23, Linden, N. J. 

P.O. Box 551, Baton Rouge 1, La. 

100 Park Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Baton Rouge, La.; 

Orangeburg, S. C; and Pasadena, Tex.). 
Midland, Mich. (Freeport, Tex.). 
250 E. 43d St., New York 17 (Waterloo), N. Y, 
600 Ferry St., Newark 5, N. J. 
7th and White Sts,, Dubuque, Iowa. 
P.O. Box 591, Kalamazoo, Mich. 
Box 389, E. Greenwich (Warwick), R. I. 
4633 Fcrest Ave., Norwood 12, Ohio. 



160 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

TABLE 27. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, J95J- -Continued 



2U 
598 
A66 
117 
282 
591 
505 
125 
2A2 

572 
225 

128 
139 



490 
431 
414 
297 
557 
132 
394 
550 

180 
346 



228 
85 

221 

273 
137 

153 
13 
154 
229 
395 



183 
459 
563 



396 
347 
170 
283 
279 
109 
209 
2 
383 
262 
-420 
34 



86 
440 



348 
349 



Name of company 



Federal Paint Co., Ino 

Felton Chemical Co., Inc 

Ferro Chemical Corp 

Fiber Chemical Corp 

Fine Colors Co — 

Fine Organlcs, Inc 

Finetex, Inc 

Firestone Tire 6 Rubber Co. (R. 
Firestone Tire & Rubber Co., 
Firestone Plastics Co. Div. 
Fisher Scientific Co 



R.)i- 



Florasynth Laboratories, Inc 

Food Machinery &. Chemical Corp.: 
Ohio-Apex Div- 



Pine Bluff Chemical Co- 
Westvaco Chemical Div — 



Ford Motor Corp— 

Foster-Heaton Co 

France, Campbell 4: Darling, Inc 

Fritzsche Brothers, Inc 

Fuller, W. P., & Co 

Gallowhur Chemical Corp — 

Gamma Chemical Corp — ~ 

Gane's Chemical Works, Inc 

General Aniline Sc Film Corp., Dyestuff 
& Chemical Div. 

General Color Co., Ino 1— — 

General Electric Co., Chemical Div 



General Foods Corp., Maxwell House 

Div. 

General Mills, Inc 

General Motors Corp., AC Spark Plug 

Div. 

General Petroleum Corp 

General Tire & Rubber Co. (R. R.)-'- — 
General Tire & Rubber Co., Chemical 

Div. 

Genesee Research Corp 

George, P. D., Co 

Oilman Paint & Varnish Co 

Givaudan Corp — -— 

Glidden Co 



Glyco Products Co., Inc 
Goodrich, B. F., Co.: 

Goodrich, B. F,, Chemical Co. Div. 
(R. R.).' 

Goodrich, B. F., Chemical Co. Div- 



Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co- 
Grain Processing Corp 

Grand Rapids Varnish Corp- 
Great Southern Chemical Corp- 



Greenwood Textile Supply Co- 
Griffin Chemical Co 

Gulf Oil Corp 

Guyan Color & Chemical Works — 

Halby Products Co — 

Hall, C. P., Co. of Illlnois— 

Harapden Color & Chemical Co 

Hanna Paint Manufacturing Co., 

trial Div. 
Harbor Plywood Corp- 
Hardesty, W. C, Co., Inc- 
Harshaw Chemical Co 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



Harsyd Chemicals, Inc- 

Hart Products Corp 

Hartman-Leddon Co— — — 
Hercules Powder Co— — 



Heresite & Chemical Co- 



Hexagon Laboratories, Ino- 
See footnote at end of table. 



33 Rector St., New York 6, N. Y. 

599 Johnson Ave., Brooklyn 37, N. Y. 

450 Krick Rd., Bedford, Ohio. 

P.O. Box 218, Matawan (Cliffwood), N. J. 

21-29 McBride Ave., Paterson 1, N. J. 

211 E. 19th St., New York 3, N. Y. (Lodi, N. J.). 

Box 414, Pompton Plains, N. J. 

381 W. Wilbeth Rd. , Akron 1, Ohio. 

P.O. Box 690, Pottstown, Pa. 

635 Greenwich St., New York 14, N. Y. 
900 Van Nest Ave., New York 62, N. Y. 

Nitro, W. Va. 

100 Niagara St., Middleport, N. Y. (Arsenal, Ark.). 

161 E. 42d St., New York 17. N. Y. (Newark, Calif., 

and S. Charleston, W. Va.). 
3000 Schaefer Rd., Dearborn (Highland Park), Mich. 
16 E. 5th St., Paterson 4, N. J. 
Michigan Ave., Kenilworth, N, J. 

271 Church St., New York 13, N. Y. (Bloomfield, N. J.). 
76 9th Ave., New York 11, N. Y. (Clifton, N. J.). 
301 Mission St., San Francisco 19, Calif. 
801 2d Ave., New York 25 (Ossining), N. Y. 
220 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (Great Meadows, N. J.). 
677 5th Ave., New York 22, N. Y. (Carlstadt, N. J.). 
435 Hudson St., New York 14, N. Y. (Linden, N. J., 

and Rensselaer, N. Y.). 
24 Ave. B, Newark 5, N. J. 
1 Plastics Ave., Pittsfield, Mass. (Anaheim, Calif.; 

Pittsfield, Mass.; Schenectady and Waterford, N. Y.; 

and Coshocton, Ohio) . 
1125 Hudson St., Hoboken, N. J. 

400 2d Ave., S,, Minneapolis 1, Minn, 
1300 N. Dort Highway, Flint 2, Mich. 

P.O. Box 2122, Terminal Annex, Los Angeles 54, Calif. 

Baytown, Tex. 

1708 Englewood Ave. at Holmes, Akron (Mogadore) , Ohio. 

961 Lyell Ave., Rochester 6, N. Y. 

5200 N. 2d St., St. Louis 7, Mo. 

216 W. 8th St., Chattanooga 1, Tenn. 

109-201 Delawanna Ave., Delawanna, N. J, 

11001 Madison Ave., Cleveland 2, Ohio (San Francisco, 

Calif.; Jacksonville, Fla.; Chicago, 111.; 

Minneapolis, Minn.; Cleveland, Ohio; and Heading, 

Pa.). 

26 Court St., Brooklyn 1, N. Y. (Williamsport, Pa.). 

324 Rose Bldg., Cleveland 15, Ohio (Port Neches, 

Tex., and Institute, W. Va.). 
Rose Bldg., 2060 E. 9th St., Cleveland 15, Ohio 

(Calvert City and Louisville, Ky. ; Haledon and 

Kearny, N. J.; Niagara Falls, N. Y.; and Akron 

and Avon Lake Village, Ohio). 
1144 E. Market St., Akron 16, Ohio. 
1600 Oregon St., Muscatine, Iowa. 
1350 Steele Ave., SW., Grand Rapids 2, Mich. 
P.O. Box 4166, Corpus Christi, Tex. 

27 Meadow St., Apponaug, R. I. 

1000 16th St., San Francisco 7 (Richmond), Calif. 

Gulf Bldg., Pittsburgh 30, Pa. 

Box 1088, Huntington, W. Va. 

P.O.' Box 366, Wilmington 99, Del. 

5145 W. 67th St., Chicago 38, 111. 

5 Albany St., Springfield 1, Mass. 

95 W. Long St., Columbus 15, Ohio. 

Box 940, Aberdeen, Wash. 

P.O. Box 148, Newark, N. J. (Dover, Ohio). 

1945 E. 97th St., Cleveland 6, Ohio (Gloucester 

City, N. J.). 
397 W. 21st St., Holland, Mich. 

1440 Broadway, New York 18, N. Y. (Jersey City, N. J.), 
5821 Market St., Philadelphia 39, Pa. 
900 Market St., Wilmington 99, Del. (Savannah, Ga. ; 

Mansfield, Mass.; Hattlesburg, Miss.; Burlington 

and Parlin, N. J.; and Hopewell, Va.). 
822 S. 14th St., Manitowoc, Wis. 
3536 Peartree Ave., New York 69, N. Y. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 

TABLE 27. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 7953 --Continued 



161 



Name of company 



Heyden Chemical Corp 

Hof f mann-LaRoohe , Ino 

Hoffman-Taff, Inc 

Holland Color & Chemical Co 

Hooker-Detrex , Ino 

Hooker Electrochemical Co 

Houghton, E. F., & Co 

Huggins, James, & Son, Inc 

Humble Oil & Refining Co 

Humble Oil & Refining Co. (R. R.)^ 

Huiiiphrey-Wllkinson, Inc 

Huron Milling Co 

Hyman, Julius, & Co 

Hynson, Westcott & Dunning, Inc 

Imperial Paper & Color Corp., Pigment 

Color Div. 

Indoll Chemical Corp 

Industrial Dyestuff Co 

Industrial Products, Ino 

Inland Alkaloid Co 

Inland Steel Container Cc 

Interohemical Corp.: 

Finishes Div 



506 
65 
«1 
<192 
432 
164 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not In same city as office) 



Textile Colors Div 

International Minerals & Chemical 

Corp. 
Ironsides Co- 



Irvington Varnish & Insulator Co. Div. 
of Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing 
Co. 

Jefferson Chemical Co., Inc 

Jennieon-Wright Corp 

Johnson, Charles Eneu, Co., Inc 

Jordan, Jr., W. H., & F., Manu- 
facturing Co. 

Kali Manufacturing Co 

Kalide Corp 

Kay-Fries Chemicals, Ino— 

Kehew-Bradley Co 

Kendall Refining Co 

Kenneoott Copper Corp.: 

Chino Mines Div 

Utah Copper Div 

Kentucky Color & Chemical Co 

Kentucky Synthetic Rubber Corp. 
(R. R.).i 

Kessler Chemical Co., Ino 

Keystone Chemurgic Corp 

Keystone Color Works, Inc 



Keystone Paint & Varnish Corp 

Knoedler Chemical Co—— -— 

Kohnstamm, H., & Co., Ino — — — 

Koppers Co., Inc.: 

Chemical Div 



Tar Products Div- 



Krumbhaar Chemical Co., Inc.— 

Kyanize Paints, Ino 

Lakeside Laboratories, Ino 

LaMotte Chemical Products Co— 
LaSalle Chemical Corp — — — 
Laurel Soap Manufacturing Co., 

Leatex Chemical Co 

Lebanon Chemical Corp — 
Lebec Chemical Corp — 
Leff Inguell Chemical Co 



342 Madison Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Fords, Garfield, 

and Princeton, N. J.). 
324-424 Kingslamd Rd., Nutley 10, N. J. 
W. Bennett Street Rd., Springfield, Mo. 
Holland, Mioh. 
Buffalo Ave. & 47th St., Niagara Falls, N. Y. 

(Ashtabula, Ohio, and Taooma, Wash.). 
Buffalo Ave. & 47th St., Niagara Falls, N. Y. 

(Taooma, Wash.). 
303 W. Lehigh Ave., Philadelphia 33, Pa. 
239 Medford St., Maiden 48, Mass. 
P.O. Box 2180, Houston 1 (Baytown), Tex. 
P.O. Box 4321, Baytown, Tex. 
DeVine St., North Haven, Conn. 

9 Park PI., New York 7, N. Y. (Harbor Beach, Mich.). 
P.O. Box 2171, Denver 1, Colo. 
1030 N. Charles St., Baltimore 1, Md. 
P.O. Box 231, Glens Falls, N. Y. 

910 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago 80, 111. (Whiting, Ind.). 

Massasoit Ave., E. Providence 14, R. I. 

215 S. Laurens St., Greenville, S. C. 

Tipton, Ind. 

6532 S. Menard Ave.,' Chicago 38, 111. 

224 MoWhorter St., Newark 1, N. J. (Los Angeles, 
Calif.; Elizabeth and Newark, N. J.; and 
Cincinnati, Ohio). 

150 Wagaraw Rd., Hawthorne, N. J. 

20 N. Waoker Dr., Chicago 6, 111. (San Jose, Calif.; 
Niagara Falls, N. Y.; and Rossford, Ohio). 

270 W. Mound St. (P.O. Box 1999), Columbus 16, Ohio. 

6 Argyle Ter., Irvington 11 (Newark), N. J. 



260 Madison Ave., New York 16, N. Y. (Port Neohes, Tex.). 

2463 Broadway, Toledo 9, Ohio. 

10th Sc Lombard Sts., Philadelphia 47, Pa. 

2126 E. Somerset St., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 

427 E. Moyer St., Philadelphia 25, Pa. 

S. Canal St., Lawrence, Mass. 

180 Madison Ave., New York 16 (West Haverstraw), N. Y. 

40 Oliver St., Boston 10 (Everett), Mass. 

77 N. Kendall Ave., Bradford, Pa. 

Hurley, N. Mex. 

Keams Bldg., Salt Lake City 1 (Garfield), Utah. 
600 t\ 34th St., Louisville 12, Ky. 
Louisville, Ky. 

State Rd. and Cottman Ave., Philadelphia 35, Pa. 

R. D. # 1, Bethlehem, Pa. 

151 W. Gay Ave., York, Pa. 

71 Otsego St., Brooklyn 31, N. Y. 

651 High St., Lancaster 1, Pa. 

83-93 Park PI., New York 7 (Brooklyn), N. Y. 

Koppers Bldg., 430 7th Ave., Pittsburgh 19, Pa. 

(Berkeley Heights and Kearny, N. J.; Kobuta, Monaca, 
Oil City, and Petrolia, Pa.; and Port Arthur, Tex.). 

Koppers Bldg., 430 7th Ave., Pittsburgh 19, Pa. 
(Woodward, Ala.; Fontana, Calif.; New Haven, 
Conn.; Chicago and East St. Louis, 111.; Chalmette, 
La.; Portland, Maine; Everett and Westfield, Mass.; 
St. Paul, Minn.; St. Louis, Mo.; Kearny and 
Westfield, N. J.; Buffalo, Rochester, and Utica, N. Y. 
Hamilton, Warren, Eind Youngstown, Ohio; Swedeland and 
Swissvale, Pa.; E. Providence, R. I.; Memphis, Tenn.; 
Houston, Tex. ; Follansbee, W. Va. ; and Carrollville, 
Wis.). 

24-30 Jacobus Ave., S. Kearny, N. J. 

2d & Boston Sts., Everett 49, Mass. 

1707 E. North Ave., Milwaukee 1, Wis. 

Towson 4, Md. 

Fox Island Rd., Port Chester, N. Y. 

Tioga & Thompson Sts., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 

2722 N. Hancock St., Philadelphia 33, Pa. 

P.O. Box 532, Lebanon, Pa. 

14066 S. Garfield Ave., Paramount, Calif. 

P.O. Box 191, Whittier, Calif. 



See footnote at end of table. 



162 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

TABLE 27. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1953--Continued 



389 
191 
-133 
172 
585 
442 
513 



230 
399 

88 
500 
231 
165 

19 

67 
111 

37 
112 

U 
119 
562 
430 

522 
301 
552 
274 
361 
110 
514 
515 

232 

289 

324 

325 

15 

68 

89 

181 

544 

602 

173 

38 

138 

351 

95 

245 



144 
574 
390 

284 
516 
96 
233 
326 
463 
371 

592 
184 



90 
205 
327 
285 
519 



145 

10 

446 

57 



Name of company 



Lemte, B. L., & Co., Inc 

Lever Brothers Co 

Lever, C, Co., Inc 

Levey, Fred'k. H., Co., Inc 

Lewis Tar Products Co 

Lilly, Eli, & Co 

Lobioa-Debruille, Inc — 

Long, Chas. R., Jr., Co 

Loven Chemical Co. of Califomia- 

Lubrizol Corp 

Lueders, George, Sc Co 

Maas & Waldstein Co 

Magnolia Petrolevim Co 

Magruder Color Co., Inc 

Mallinckrodt Chemical Works 

Maltbie Laboratories, Inc 

Marathon Corp., Chemical Div 

Marblette Corp ________ 

Marbon Corp 

Marden-Wild Corp — • 



Marlowe-Van Loan Corp 

Marrow ' s , Inc 

Marx, Max, Color & Chemical Co 

Maschmeijer, A., Jr., Inc 

Mathieson Chemical Corp 



Squibb, E. R., & Sons Div- 

Maumee Chemical Co ■ ■ ■■ 

May, Otto B., Inc- 
Maywood Chemical Works- 

McCloskey Varnish Co 

McGean Chemical Co- 
Medioal Chemicals Corp- 
Merck & Co., Inc 



Merichem Co ___ 

Merrell, Wm. S., Co 

Meta Chemical Corp 

Metalsalts Corp 

Metro-Atlantic, Inc 

Metro Dyestuff Corp : 

Meyer, J., & Sons _-_— _ 

Michigan Chemical Corp 

Midland Industrial Finishes Co 

Midland Synthetic Rubber Co. (R. R.)^ 
Miles Laboratories, Inc 

Mineral Oil Refining Co 

Minnesota Paints, Inc 

Miranol Chemical Co., Inc 

Modene Paint Co., Inc 

Monsanto Chemical Co 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



Montclalr Research Corp- 
Montrose Chemical Co — 
Montrose Chemical Corp. of 

California. 
Moreland Chemical Co., Inc- 
Morton-Withers Chemical Co- 
Morwear Paint Co 



National Biochemical Co 

National Chlorophyll & Chemical Co 
National Distillers Products Corp- 
National Lead Co 



National Petro-Chemioals Corp 

National Starch Products, Inc 



Neches Butane Products Co. (R. R.)^- 

Nepera Chemical Co., Inc 

Neville Chemical Co 



Newport Industries, Inc 

New York Color & Chemical Co., Div. 

of American Dyewood Co. 
New York Quinine 4 Chemical Works, 

Inc. 

Niagara Alkali Co 

Nilok Chemicals, Inc 

Ninol Laboratories, Inc 

Nonweller, A. P., Co 



199 Main St., Lodi, N. J. 

390 Park Ave., New York 22, N. Y. 

Howard and Huntington Sts., Philadelphia 33, Pa. 

380 Madison Ave., New York 17 (Brooklyn), N. Y. 

P.O. Box A, Lyons (MoCook), 111. 

740 S. Alabama St., Indianapolis 6, Ind. 

1841 Broadway, New York 23, N. Y. 

1630 W. Hill St., Louisville 10, Ky. 

244 Pine St., Newhall, Calif. 

Cleveland 17, Ohio. 

427 Washington St., New York 13 (Brooklyn), N.Y. 

2121 McCarter Hwy. , Newark 4, N. J. 

P.O. Box 900, Dallas 21 (Beaumont), Tex. 

2385 Richmond Ter., Staten Island 2, N. Y. 

3600 N. 2d St., St. Louis 7, Mo. (Jersey City, N. J.). ' 

240-250 High St., Newark 1, N. J. 

Rothschild, Wis. 

37-21 30th St., Long Island City 1, N. Y. 

1926 W. 10th Ave., Gary, Ind. 

500 Columbia St., Somerville 43, Mass. 

1511 Byrum St., High Point, N. C. 

657 W. Chicago Ave., Chicago 10, 111. 

192 Coit St., Irvington 11, N. J. 

43 W. 16th St., New York 11, N. Y. (Newark, N. J.). 

10 Light St., Baltimore 3, Md. (Brandenburg, Ky. ; 

Niagara Falls, N. Y. ; and Morgantown, W. Va.). 
745 5th Ave., New York 22, N. Y. (New Brunswick, N. J.). 
2 Oak St., Toledo 5, Ohio. 
52 Amsterdam St., Newark 5, N. J. 

100 W. Hunter Ave., Maywood, N. J. 
7600 State Rd., Philadelphia 36, Pa. 
104O Midland Bldg., Cleveland 15, Ohio. 
4122 W. Grand Ave., Chicago 51, 111. 

Lincoln Ave., Rahway, N. J. (Albany, Ga.; Danville, Pa.; 

and Elkton, Va. ) . 
3101 Fannin St., Houston 4 (Green's Bayou), Tex. 
Galbraith Rd. and Pennsylvania R. R., Cincinnati 15, Ohio. 
Washington Ave., Carlstadt, N. J. 

200 Wagaraw Rd., Hawthorne, N. J. 
2072 Smith St., Centerdale 11, R. I. 

101 W. Quidnick St., West Warwick, R. I. 
4321 N. 4th St., Philadelphia 40, Pa. 
500 N. Bankson St., St. Louis, Mich. 

E. Water St., Waukegan, 111. 

Los Angeles, Calif. 

Elkhart, Ind. 

P.O. Box 625, Dickinson, Tex. 

1101 S. 3d St., Minneapolis 15, Minn. 

277 Coit St., Irvington 11, N. J. 

305 Eastern Ave., Chelsea 50, Mass. 

800 N. 12th Blvd., St. Louis 1, Mo. (Anniston, Ala.; 
Long Beach and Santa Clara, Calif.; Monsanto, 111.; 
Everett and Springfield, Mass.; Trenton, Mich.; Texas 
City, Tex.; Seattle, Wash.; and Nitro, W. Va.). 

4 Cherry St., Monte lair, N. J. 

120 Lister Ave., Newark 5, N. J. 

824 Wilshlre Blvd., Los Angeles 17 (Torrance), Calif. 

P.O. Box 1743, Spartanburg, S. C. 

2110 High Point Rd., Greensboro, N. C, 

568 14th St., Oakland 12, Calif. 

3106 W. Lake St., Chicago 12, 111. 

Lamar, Colo. 

See U. S. Industrial Chemicals Co. 

Ill Broadway, New York 6, N. Y. (Perth Amboy, N. J., and 

Philadelphia, Pa.). 
Box 109, Tuscola, 111. 
270 Madison Ave., New York 16, N. Y. (San Francisco, 

Calif.; Chicago, 111.; Indianapolis, Ind.; and 

Plainfield, N. J.). 
P.O. Box 1535, Port Neches, Tex. 
21 Gray Oaks Ave., Yonkers 2 (Harriman), N. Y. 
Neville Island, Pittsburgh 25, Pa. (Anaheim, Calif.). 
P.O. Box 911, Pensacola, Fla. 
Main & Joralemon Sts., Belleville 9, N. J. 

50 Church St., New York 7, N. Y. (Newark, N. J.). 

60 E. 42d St., New York 17 (Niagara Falls). N. Y. 
2000 College Ave., Niagara Falls (Lockport), N. Y. 
1719 S. Clinton St., Chicago 16, 111. 
Box 1007, Oshkosh, Wis. 



See footnote at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 

TABLE 27. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 195 J- -Continued 



163 



Name of oorapany 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



Napoo Chemical Co., Inc 

Norda Essential Oil & Chemical Co. 
Inc. 

Northwestern Chemical Co 

Norwich Pharmaoal Co 



Nuodex Products Co. , Inc 

Ohio Chemical a Surgical Equipment 

Co., Div. of Air Reduction Co., 

Inc. 

Oil & Chemical Products, Inc 

Oldbury Electro-Chemical Co 

Old Colony Tar Co., Inc 



Inc- 



Old Hickory Chemical Co. 

Orbis Products Corp 

Organic Chemical Corp 

Organics, Inc ■ .. . — 

Oronite Chemical Co 

Ortho Chemical Corp 

Oshom, C. J., Co 

Ottawa Chemical Co., Inc 

Ottol Oil Co 

Oxford Corp 

Pabco Products, Inc 

Pabst Brewing Co 

Pacific Paint & Varnish Co 

Pan American Refining Corp— — 

Parke, Davis & Co———— 

Parsons, M. W., Plymouth, Ino- 
Patent Chemicals, Inc- 



Pathfinder Chemical Corp., subsidiary 
of Cioodyear Tire & Rubber Co. 

Paul-Lewis Laboratories, Inc — - 

Peck's Products Co 



Pedlow-Nease Chemical Co. 

Peerless Chemical Co 

Peerless Color Co. , Inc — 
Penick, S. B., & Co 



Inc- 



Pennsylvania Industrial Chemical 
Corp. 

Pennsylvania Refining Co 

Pennsylvajiia Salt Manufacturing Co- 
Perkins Glue Co 

Permutit Co 



Peters Chemical Co 

Pfanstiehl Chemical Co 

Pflster Chemical Works, Inc- 
Pflzer, Charles, & Co., Inc- 



Pharma Chemical Corp 

Phillips Petroleum Co. (R. R.)^- 
Phoenix Oil Co 



Pitman-Moore Co., Dlv. of Allied 

Laboratories, Inc. 
Pittsburgh Coke & Chemical Co 

Fine Chemicals Dlv 

Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co— — — 



Plasties Engineering Co 

Polyohemlcal Co 

Portland Gas & Coke Co 

Poughkeepsle Dyestuff Corp 

Pratt & Lambert, Inc 

Premo Pharmaceutical Laboratories, 

Inc. 
Procter and Gamble Co 
Productol Co 



Publicker Industries, Inc 

Puget Sound Pulp & Timber Co- 
Pure Oil Co 



Purex Corp . , Ltd 

Purocaine, Inc 

Quaker Chemical Products Corp- 
Quaker Oats Co 



R. S. A. Corp 

See footnote at end of table. 



1st and Essex Sts., Harrison, N. J. (Richmond, Calif.; 

Cedartown, Ga.; and Harrison, N. J.). 
601 W. 26th St., New York 1, N. Y. (Boonton, N. J.). 

120 N. Aurora St., West Chicago, 111. 
17 Eaton Ave., Norwich, N. Y. 
830 Magnolia Ave., Elizabeth, N. J. 
1400 E. Washington Ave., Madison 10, Wis. (Cleveland, 
Ohio) . 

295 Madison Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Houston, Tex.). 

5001 Buffalo Ave., Niagara Falls, N. Y. 

500 5th Ave., New York 36, N. Y. (Cambridge, 

Framlngham, New Bedford, and Worcester, Mass.). 
P.O. Box 1480, Richmond 12, Va. (Old Hickory, Tenn.). 
601 W. 26th St., New York 1, N. Y. (Newark, N. J.). 
7^-84 Valley St., E. Providence, R. I. 
1724 Greenleaf Ave., Chicago 26, 111. 

38 Sansome St., San Francisco 4, Calif. (Oak Point, La.). 
4^-26 Purvis St., Long Island City 1, N. Y. 
132 Nassau St., New York 38, N. Y. (Linden, N. J.). 
823 Hamilton St., Toledo 7, Ohio. 
455 Cortlandt St., Belleville 9, N. J. 
350 Morris St., Toledo 4, Ohio. 

475 Brannan St., San Francisco 19 (Emeryville), Calif. 
917 W. Juneau, Milwaukee 3, Wis. (Peoria, 111.). 
4th and Cedar Sts., Berkeley 9, Calif. 
P.O. Box 401, Texas City, Tex. 
Foot of Joseph Campau, Detroit 32, Mich. 
59 Beekman St., New York 38 (Brooklyn), N. Y. 
335 McLean Blvd., Paterson 4, N. J. 
5408 Baker Ave., Niagara Falls, N. Y. 

4253 N. Port Washington Rd., Milwaukee 12, Wis. 

610 E. Clarence Ave., St. Louis 15, Mo. 

Lock Haven, Pa. 

3850 Oakman Blvd., Detroit 4, Mich. 

521-535 North Ave., Plainfield, N. J. 

50 Church St., New York 8, N. Y. (Jersey City, Lyndhurst, 

and Montville, N. J.). 
120 State St., Clairton (Chester), Pa. 

Butler (Kams City), Pa. 

1000 Widener Bldg., Philadelphia 7, Pa. 

632 Cannon Ave., Lansdale, Pa. 

330 W. 42d St., New York 36, N. Y. (Birmingham, N. J.). 

2575 Ewen Ave., New York 63, N. Y. 

104 Lakevlew Ave., Waukegan, 111. 

Ridgefleld, N. J. 

630 Flushing Ave., Brooklyn 6, N. Y. (Groton, Conn., and 

Vigo, Ind.). 
175 5th Ave., New York 10, N. Y. (Bayonne, N. J.). 
Bartlesville, Okla. (Phillips, Tex.), 
9505 CassiuB Ave., Cleveland 5, Ohio. 
1200 Madison Ave., Indianapolis 2, Ind. 

Grant Bldg., Pittsburgh 19 (Neville Island), Pa. 

Grant Bldg., Pittsburgh 19, Pa. 

1 Gateway Center, Pittsburgh 22, Pa. (Torrance, Calif.; 
Atlanta, Ga.; Detroit, Mich.; Newark, N. J.; Barberton, 
Cleveland, and Dayton, Ohio; Springdale, Pa.; Houston, 
Tex.; New Martinsville, W. Va.; and Milwaukee, Wis.). 

1603 Geele Ave., Sheboygan, Wis. 

494 Hunts Point Ave., New York 59, N. Y. 

Public Service Bldg., Portland 4, Oreg. 

77 N. Water St., Poughkeepsle, N. Y. 

75 Tonawanda St., Buffalo 7, N. Y. 

Ill Leuning St., S. Hackensaok, N. J. 

Gwynne Bldg., Cincinnati 2, Ohio. 

417 S. Hill St., Los Angeles 13 (Santa Fe Springs), Calif. 

1429 Walnut St., Philadelphia 2, Pa. 

300 Laurel St., Bellingham, Wash. 

35 E. Waoker Dr., Chicago 1, 111. (Toledo, Ohio; 

Nederland, Tex.; Cabin Creek and Dawes, W. Va.; and 

Worland, Wyo.). 
9300 Rayo Ave., South Gate, Calif. (St. Louis, Mo.). 
Valley Rd., Hockessin, Del. 

Lime & Elm Sts., Conshohooken, Pa. (Wilmington, Del.). 
Merchandise Mart Plaza, Chicago 54, 111. (Cedar Rapids, 

Iowa; Omaha, Nebr.; and Memphis, Tenn.). 
690 Saw Mill River Rd., Ardsley, N. Y. 



164 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 27. -Synthetic organic chemicals 



ztory of manufacturers, J953--Continued 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



329 
373 



305 
599 
14S 
508 
341 
517 
493 



306 
509 
307 
40 
375 

553 
28 
98 
428 
510 
120 

116 
248 
457 
203 
48 
174 
462 
547 
158 
586 
444 

580 
249 
539 
258 



135 
521 



402 
80 



548 
518 



308 
196 
362 



Raybestos Div. of Raybestos- 

Manhattan, Inc. 
Red Spot Paint & Varnish Co- 
Reiohhold Chemicals, Inc 



Reilly Tar & Chemical Corp- 



Reilly-Whitman-Walton Co — 
Reliance Varnish Co., Ine- 

Remington Arms Co., Inc 

Remsen Chemicals, Inc 

Republic Creosoting Co 



Richards Chemical Works, Div. of Onyx 
Oil & Chemical Co. 

Richardson Co 

Richfield Oil Corp 



Ringwood Chemical Corp 

Rinshed-Mason Co 

Ritter, F., & Co 

Ritter Chemical Co., Inc 

Riverdale Chemical Co 

Rohm & Haas Co 



Roosevelt Oil & Refining Corp- 

Roasville Dyestuff Corp 

Royce Chemical Co 

Rubber Corp. of America 

Ruberoid Co- 



Salem Oil & Grease Co—— — 
Dr. Salsbury's Laboratories- 
Salvo Chemical Corp 

Sandoz Chemical Works, Inc — 
Sapon Laboratories- 



Schenectady Varnish Co., Ino 



Schenley Laboratories, Inc- 

Scherer, R. P., Corp 

Sobering Corp- 



Schieffelin & Co 

Scholler Bros., Inc 

Schuylkill Chemical Co 

Schwarz Laboratories, Inc- 

Searle, G. D., & Co 

Seattle Gas Co~— 

Seydel Chemical Co 

Sharp & Dohme Div. of Merck & Co. 

Inc, 
Sharpies Chemicals, Inc 

Shawlnigan Resins Corp — — 

Sheffield Chemical Co., Inc 

Shell Chemical Corp- 



Shell Oil Co- 



Shepherd Chemical Co- 
Sheruin-Williams Co — 



Shulton, Inc., Fine Chemicals Div- 
Slddall, George F., Co., Inc 



Sigma Chemical Co- 



Sinclair Refining Co- 



Sinclair & Valentine Co- 
Sipe, James B., & Co 



Smith, Kline 4 French Laboratories- 

Snyder Chemical Corp 

Sooony-Vaouum Oil Co., Inc 

Soluol Chemical Co., Ino 



75 E. Main St., Stratford, Conn. 

110 Main St., Evansville 8, Ind. 

525 N. Broadway, White Plains, N. Y. (Tuscaloosa, Ala.; 

Azusa and San Francisco, Calif.; Argo, 111.; Detroit, 

Mich.; Elizabeth, N. J.; Brooklyn, N. Y.; Charlotte, 

N. C; and Seattle, Wash.). 
1615 Merchants Bank Bldg., Indianapolis 4, Ind. (Chicago 

and Granite City, 111.; Indianapolis, Ind.; Newark, N. J.; 

Cleveland and Dover, Ohio; Chattanooga, Tenn.; Lone Star, 

Tex.; and Fairmont, W. Va.). 
Washington & Righter Sts., Conshohocken, Pa. 
4730 Crittenden Dr., Louisville 9, Ky. 
939 BamumAve., Bridgeport 2, Conn. 

1 Park Ave., New York 16 (Oceanside), N. Y. 

1615 Merchants Bank Bldg., Indianapolis 4, Ind. (Mobile and 
Florence, Ala.; Indianapolis, Ind.; St. Louis Park, Minn.; 
Lima, Ohio;'Ironton, Utah; Norfolk, Va.; and Seattle, 
Wash. ) . 

190 Warren St., Jersey City 2, N. J. 

27th Ave. and Lake St., Melrose Park, 111. 

555 S. Flower St., Los Angeles 17 (Watson), Calif. 

Ringwood, 111. 

5935 Milford St., Detroit, Mich. (Anaheim, Calif.). 

4001 Goodwin Ave., Los Angeles 39, Calif. 

403 W. Main St., Amsterdam, N. Y. 

324 E. 147th St., Harvey (Dolton), 111. 

222 W. Washington Sq., Philadelphia 5, Pa. (Bristol and 

Philadelphia, Pa.; Knoxville, Tenn.; and Deer Park, 

Tex.). 
Box 271, Mt. Pleasant, Mich. 
Arthur Kill Rd., Staten Island 9, N. Y. 
Carlton Ave., Carlton Hill, N. J. 
274 Ten Eyck St., Brooklyn 6 (Hicksville) , N. Y. 
500 5th Ave., New York 36, N. Y. (Joliet, 111.; Baltimore, 

Md.; and Erie, Pa.). 
60 Grove St., Salem, Mass. 
500 Gilbert St., Charles City, Iowa. 
Rothschild, Wis. 

61-63 Van Dam St., New York 13, N. Y. (Fair Lawn, N. J.). 
543 Union St., Brooklyn 15, N. Y. 
Congress and 10th Ave., Schenectady 1 (Rotterdam Jet.), 

N. Y. 
350 5th Ave., New York 1, N. Y. (Lawrenceburg, Ind.). 
9425 Grinnell Ave., Detroit 13, Mich. 

2 Broad St., Bloomfield (Union), N. J. 
16-26 Cooper Sq., New York 3, N. Y. 

Collins and Westmoreland Sts., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 

2346 Sedgley Ave., Philadelphia 32, Pa. 

230 Washington St., Mt. Vernon, N. Y. 

P.O. Box 5110, Chicago 80 (Skokie), 111. 

1507 4th Ave., Seattle 11, Wash. 

225 Mercer St., Jersey City 2 (Clifton), N. J. 

640 N. Broad St., Philadelphia 1 (West Point), Pa. 

1100 Widener Bldg., Philadelphia 7, Pa. (Wyandotte, Mich.). 

644 Monsanto Ave., Springfield 2, Mass. 

P.O. Box 630, Norwich (Oneonta), N. Y. 

50 W. 50th St., New York 20, N. Y. (Martinez. Los Angeles, 

and Pittsburg, Calif.; and Deer Park, Tex.). 
50 W. 50th St., New York 20, N. Y. (Martinez and 

Wilmington. Calif.; Roxana, 111.; Norco, La.; and Deer 

Park, Tex.). 
2803 Highland Ave., Cincinnati 12, Ohio. 
101 Prospect Ave., N. W., Cleveland 1, Ohio (Chicago, 111.; 

Detroit, Mich.; Dayton and Cleveland, Ohio; and 

Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, Pa.). 
Route 46, Clifton, N. J. 
P.O. Box 975, Providence 1, R. I. (Spartanburg, S. C, and 

Cranston, R. I.). 
4648 Easton Ave., St. Louis 15, Mo. 
600 5th Ave., New York 20, N. Y. (Sand Springs, Okla.; 

Marcus Hook, Pa.; and Houston, Tex.). 
611 W. 129th St., New York 27, N. Y. (Ridgway, Pa.). 
P.O. Box 8010, S. Hills Branch, Pittsburgh 16 (Brldgevllle), 

Pa. 
1530 Spring Garden St., Philadelphia 1, Pa. 
Henry St., Bethel, Conn. 
26 Broadway, New York 4, N. Y. (Paulaboro, N. J., and 

Beaumont, Tex.). 
Green Hill and Market Sts., Natick, R. I. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 

TABLE 27. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , /95J--Cr>ntimieH 



165 



Name of company 



33i 
A23 



Solvent Chemical Co. , Ino 

Sonneborn, L., Sons, Inc 

Sonooo Products Co ~ 

Southern Dyestuff Corp 

Southern Sizing Co 

Southern Textile Chemical Corp 

Southside Chemical Co. , Ino 

Spaulding Fibre Co. , Ino 

Specialty Resins Co 

Specific Pharmaceuticals, Inc 

Spencer Chemical Co 

Squibb, E. R., & Sons 

Staley, A. E., Manufacturing Co 

Standard Agricultural Chemicals, Inc 

Standard Brands, Inc 

Standard Chemical Co 

Standard Chemical Products, Ino 

Standard Chlorine Chemical Co 

Standard Naphthalene Products Co 

Standard Oil Co. of California 

Standard Oil Co. of Indiana 

Standard Soap Co. of Camden 

Standard-Tooh-Chemicals, Ino 

Standard Ultramarine & Color Co 

Stange, Wm. J., Co 

Stanolind Oil & Gas Co 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



Stauffer Chemical Co- 



Div- 



Stepan Chemical Co 

Sterling Drug, Inc.: 

Dayer Co. Div 

Hilt<in-Davi:; Chemi(;:il Co. 

.'.'tresen-Reuter, Fred'k. A., Inc 

Strong, Cobb & Co., Inc., American 
Chlorophyll Div. 

Summit Chemical Products 

Sumner Chemical Co., Inc 

Sun Chemical Corp.: 

Pigment Div 

Warwick Chemical Co. Div 

Sun Oil Co 



Swift & Co 

Swope Oil & Chemical Co 

Synthetic Chemicals, Inc 

Synthetic Products Co 

Synthron, Inc 

Synvar Corp 

Tar Distilling Co., Ino 

Taylor Fibre Co 

Tennessee Eastman Co., Div. of 
Eastman Kodak Co. 

Tennessee-Frontier Corp 

Tennessee Products & Chemical Corp 

Texas Co 

Texas Eastman Co., Div. of Eastman 

Kodak Co. 

Thiokol Chemical Corp 

Thomasset Colors, Ino 

Thompson Chemicals Corp 

Trask, Arthur C, Co 

Trojan Powder Co 

Trubek Laboratories 

Uhlloh, Paul, & Co., Inc 

Ultra Chemical Works, Inc 

Union Bay State Chemical Co., Ino 

Union Carbide & Carbon Corp.: 

Bakelite Co 

Carbide & Carbon Chemicals Co 



Linde Air Products Co- 



Union Oil Co. of California- 



34.1 Commercial St., Maiden 48, Mass. 

300 ith Ave., New York 10, N. Y. (Petrolia, Pa.). 

Hartsville, S. C. 

P.O. Box 1045, Charlotte 1 (Sodyeoo), N. C. 

P.O. Box 391, 601 Campbell St., East Point, Ga. 

Clearwater, S. C. 

2031 Woodland Rd., Petersburg 23, Va. 

310 Wheeler St., Tonawanda, N. Y. 

2801 Lynwood Rd., Lynwood, Calif. 

331 ith Ave., New York 10, N. Y. (Bayonne, N. J.). 

610 Dwight Bldg., Kansas City 5, Mo. (Calumet City, 111., 

and Pittsburg, Kans.). 
See Mathieson Chemical Corp. 
Decatur, 111. 

1301 Jefferson St., Hoboken, N. J. 
595 Madison Ave., New York 22, N. Y. 
217-219 New St., Philadelphia 6, Pa. 
1301 Jefferson St., Hoboken, N. J. 
115 Jacobus Ave., S. Kearny, N. J. 
115 Jacobus Ave., S. Kearny, N. J. 
225 Bush St., San Francisco 20 (Bakersfield, El Segundo, 

and Richmond), Calif. 
910 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago 80, 111. (Wood River, 111.; 

Whiting, Ind.; and ;;ugar Creek, Mo.). 
205 S. 2d St., Camden 3, N. J. 
2600 Richmond Ter., Staten Ir.iand 3, N. Y. 
5th Ave. ana 24th St., Huntington, W. Va. 
342 N. Western Ave., Chicago 12, 111. 
P.O. Box 591, Tulsa, Okla. (Brownsville, Alvin, 

Katy, Pettus, and Sweeney, Tex.). 
380 Madison Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Henderson, 

Nev.; Brooklyn and Niagara Falls, N. Y.; Perry, Ohio; 

Chester and Monongahela, Pa.; Lowland, Tenn.; and 

Bentonville and Roanoke, Va.). 
20 N. Wacker Dr., Chicago 6, 111. 

1450 Broadway, New York 18, N. Y. (Trenton, N. J.). 
:>215 Langdon Farm Rd., Cincinnati 13, Ohio. 
2113 Medill Ave., Chicago 47 (Bensenville) , 111. 
P.O. Box 231, Lake Worth, Fla. 

11 William St,, Belleville 9, N. J. 
215 N. Centennial St., Zeeland, Mich. 

309 Sussex St., Harrison, N. J. 

Wood River Junction, R. I. (Rock Hill, S. C). 

1608 Walnut St., Philadelphia 3, Pa. (Marcus Hook, 

Pa., and Toledo, Ohio). 
4115 Packers Ave., Chicago 9, 111. 
3335 Richmond St., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 
335 McLean Blvd., Paterson 4, N. J. 
1636 Wayside Rd., Cleveland 12, Ohio. 
Ryan Ave., Ashton, R. I. 
419 E. Front St., Wilmington 99, Del. 
500 5th Ave., New York 36, N. Y. (Cleveland, Ohio). 
Norri'stown (Betzwood), Pa. 
See Eastman Kodak Co. 

321 W. Douglas, Wichita 2, Kans. 

First American National Bank Bldg., Nashville 3 

( Chattanooga) , Tenn . 
P.O. Box 2332, Houston 1, Tex. 
See Eastman Kodak Co. 

780 N. Clinton Ave., Trenton 7, N. J. 
338 Wilson Ave., Newark 5, N. J. 
3028 Locust St., St. Louis 3, Mo. 
4103 S. LaSalle St., Chican;o 9, 111. 
17 N. 7th St., Allentown (Seiple) , Pa. 
State Highway #17, E. Rutherford, N. J. 
90 West St., New York 6 (Brooklyn), N. Y. 
2 Wood St., Paterson 4, N. J. 
491 Main St., Cambridge 42, Mass. 

30 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (Wyandotte, Mich.; 

Bloomfield and Bound Brook, N. J.; and Marietta, Ohio). 
30 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (Whiting, Ind.; Niagara 

Falls, N. Y.; Texas City, Tex.; and Institute and S. 

Charleston, W. Va.). 
30 E. 42d St., New York 17 (Tonawanda), N. Y. 
617 W. 7th St., Los Angeles 17, Calif. (Bakersfield, Rodeo, 

and Wilmington, Calif.; Cut Bank, Mont.; and Edmonds, 

Wash.). 



166 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

TABLE 27. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 1953--Continued 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in sajne city as office) 



310 
-163 



407 
377 



22 
378 



589 
199 
393 
451 



254 
255 
408 
311 

511 
460 
208 
312 
469 

92 
313 
357 
355 
409 

29 
596 
280 
218 
410 
167 

363 
175 
200 
356 
136 
130 
162 
561 
168 
416 
268 
379 
314 



429 
447 
549 
564 

411 
424 
269 



United Piece Dye Works 

U. S. Industrial Chemicals Co., Div. 

of National Distillers Products 

Corp. 

United States Pipe & Foundry Co 

U. S. Plastic Products Corp 

United States Procaine Co., Ino 

U. S. Rubber Co., Naugatuck Chemical 

Div. 
U. S. Rubber Co. (R. R.)^ 

Universal Detergents, Inc 

Valspar Corp., Valentine & Co. Div 

van Ameringen-Haebler, Ino 



Van Camp Laboratories, Div. of Van 
Camp Sea Food Co., Inc. 

Vanderbilt Chemical Corp 

Van Dyk & Co., Ino 

Varoum Chemical Corp- 



Velsicol Corp., Div. of Arvey Corp 



Verley Chemical Co., Inc 

Verona Chemical Co 

Victor Chemical Works 

Virginia-Carolina Chemical Corp 

Vita-Var Corp 

Wallace & Tiernan, Ino 

Warner-Jenkinson Manufacturing Co- 
Washbum, T. 



Watertown Manufacturing Co- 
Watson-Park Co 



Werner Drug & Chemical Co- 

Westem Condensing Co 

Western Dry Color Co- 



Westinghouse Electric Corp- 



Westville Laboratories 

Wetherill, George D., Varnish Co- 
Wheeler, Reynolds & Stauffer 

White & Bagley Co- 



White Sc Hodges, Inc 

Whittemore-Wright Co., Inc — 

Whittier Laboratories 

Wica Co., Inc 



Wilmot & Cassidy, Ino- 
Wilson Laboratories 



Wilson Organic Chemicals, Inc 

Winthrop-Stearns, Inc 

Witco Chemical Co ~ 

Witte, John H., & Sons 

Wolf, Jacques, & Co 

Wolff -Alport Chemical Corp 

Wyandotte Chemicals Corp- ~ 

Wyeth Laboratories, Ino — 

Young Aniline Works, Ino 

Zinsser & Co., Inc — - 
Zurn, 0. F., Co 



Nicholson St., Lodi, N. J. 

120 Broadway, New York 20, N. Y. (Pensacola, Fla.; New 
Orleans, La.; Baltimore, Md.; and Newark, N. J.). 

Box 1345, Providence (Phillipsdale), R. I. 

P.O. Box 2651, Birmingham, Ala. 

Lake Sc Whitman Aves., Metuchen, N. J. 

15-29 129th St., College Point, N. Y. 

1230 Ave. of the Americas, New York 20, N. Y. 

( Naugatuck, Conn . ) . 
1230 Ave. of the Americas, New York 20, N. Y. 

(Naugatuck, Conn., and Port Neches, Tex.). 
1825 E. Spring St., Long Beach 6, Calif. 
301 Henrietta St., Kalamazoo 99, Mich. 
11 E. 36th St., New York 16 (Brooklyn), N. Y. 
521 W. 57th St., New York 19, N. Y. (Elizabeth and 

Union Beach, N. J.). 
772 Tuna St., Terminal Island, Calif. 

230 Park Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Bethel, Conn.). 

11 William St., Belleville 9, N. J. 

P.O. Box 476, Niagara Falls, N. Y. 

330 E. Grand Ave., Chicago 11, 111. (Marshall, 111., and 

Memphis, Tenn.). 
200 Pulaski St., Newark 5, N. J. 
26 Verona Ave., Newark 4, N. J. 
141 W. Jackson Blvd., Chicago 4, 111. 
401 E. Main St., Richmond 5, Va. (Charleston, S. C). 
809 W. 58th St., Chicago 21, 111. 
10 Commerce Ct., Newark 2, N. J. 
25 Main St., Belleville 9, N. J. 
1740 Military Rd., Buffalo 5, N. Y. 
2526 Baldwin St., St. Louis 6, Mo. 
2244 Elston Ave. , Chicago 18, 111. 
127 Echo Lake Rd., Watertown, Conn. 
Box 158, Ballard Vale, Mass. 
759 Beechwood Ave., Cincinnati 32, Ohio. 
P.O. Box 739, Appleton (Adell) , Wis. 
600 W. 52d St., Chicago 9, 111. 
401 Liberty Ave., P.O. Box 2278, Pittsburgh 30 

(East Pittsburgh), Pa. 
Stepney, Conn. 

Haddon Ave. & White Horse Pike, Camden 3, N. J. 
636 California St., San Francisco 8 (Richmond), Calif. 
100 Foster St., Worcester 8, Mass. 
2 Wellington Ave., Everett 49, Mass. 
62 Alford St., Charlestown 29, Mass. 
919 N. Michigan Ave., Chicago 11, 111. 
P.O. Box 506, Charlotte 1, N. C. 
108-112 Provost St., Brooklyn 22, N. Y. 
4221 S. Western Ave., Chicago 9, 111. 
P.O. Box 452, Sayreville, N. J. 
1450 Broadway, New York 18 (Rensselaer), N. Y. 
260 Madison Ave., New York 16, N. Y. (Chicago, 111., and 

Brooklyn, N. Y.). 
206 Jefferson St., Burlington, Iowa. 
350 Lexington Ave., Clifton (Carlstadt), N. J. 
1127 Irving Ave., Brooklyn 27, N. Y. 
1609 Biddle Ave., Wyandotte, Mich. 
1401 Walnut St., Philadelphia 2, Pa. (Chicago, 111., and 

Philadelphia and West Chester, Pa.). 
2731 Boston St., Baltimore 24, Md. 
Hastings-on-Hudson 6, N. Y. 
2736 N. Broad St., Philadelphia 32, Pa. 



■"■ R. R. in parentheses following the name of a company indicates U. S. Government plant operated for 
the Office of Rubber Reserve. 



APPENDIX 

A. United States Imports of Coal- Tar Intermediates 
and Finished Coal-Tar Products 

Table 28 summarizes, for the period 1951-53, United States 
imports of coal-tar products dutiable under paragraphs 27 and 28 
of the Tariff Act of 1930. The data, which were obtained by ana- 
lyzing invoices covering imports through all United States customs 
districts, are given in detail in a separate report of the Tariff 
Commission. 

Imports in 1953 of coal-tar chemicals entered under paragraph 
27, virtually all of which are intermediates, totaled 22.3 million 
pounds, with a foreign invoice value of 5.4 million dollars. Imports 
of these products were 3.0 million pounds, valued at 1.7 million 
dollars, in 1952, and 8.5 million pounds, valued at 2.2 million 
dollars, in 1951. The very large increase in the quantity of im- 
ports in 1953, compared with 1951 and 1952, was due primarily to 
greatly increased imports of phthalic anhydride, and to substantial 
innports of many other low-priced basic intermediates. More than 
half of all imports of intermediates in 1953 came from Germany 
and the United Kingdom. Imports from Germany totaled 7.7 million 
pounds in 1953, compared with 1.4 million pounds in 1952; imports 
from the United Kingdom were 4.9 million pounds in 1953, com- 
pared with 629,000 pounds in 1952. In 1953 sizable quantities of 
intermediates were also imported from Italy, France, Belgium, 
the Netherlands, Japan, Switzerland, and Canada; lesser quantities 
came from Denmark, Sweden, Australia, and Mexico. In terms of 
quantity, the three most important intermediates imported in 1953 
were phthalic anhydride, naphthalene, and anthraquinone. Imports 
of phthalic anhydride totaled 16.7 million pounds and came from 
Germany, the United Kingdom, Italy, France, Belgium, the 
Netherlands, Japan, Switzerland, and Denmark. Imports of refined 
naphthalene, which totaled 1.1 million pounds, came from the 
Netherlands, Germany, Belgium, and the United Kingdom; im- 
ports of anthraquinone, which totaled 732,000 pounds, came chiefly 
from the United Kingdom, France, and Germany. 

In 1953 the innports of all finished coal-tar products that are 
dutiable under paragraph 28 totaled 3.4 million pounds (actual 
weight), with a foreign invoice value of 6.9 million dollars. In 1952, 
imports totaled 4,5 million pounds, with a foreign invoice value of 
6,9 million dollars, and in 1951, 4.4 million pounds, valued at 7,3 
million dollars. It should be noted that the data for 1953 are based 
on general imports, whereas the data for 1951 and 1952 are based 
on imports for consumption. The differences between general im- 
ports and imports for consumption are small, so that the figures 
for the 3 years are quite comparable. 



^ U. S. Tariff Commission, Imports of Coal-Tar Products, 1953 [processed], 

167 



168 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 28. --Coal- tar intermediates and finished coal-tar products: United States imports, classified 

by use, 1951-53 



Quantity 



Foreign 
invoice 
value 



Quantity 



Foreign 
invoice 
value 



Quantity 



Foreign 
invoice 

value 



Intermediates-^ 

Finished coal-tar products, total- 
Dyes, total 

Acid 

Vat 

Mordant and chrome 

Sulfur 

Direct 

Acetate rayon 

Azoic 

Basic 

Color-lake and spirit-soluble 

All other 

Medioinals and pharmaceuticals 

Flavor and perfume materials 

All other 



1,000 
dollars 
2, 2-^5 



3,028 



1,000 
dollars 

1,7^9 



22,273 



1,000 
dollars 

5,419 



4,»W8 



7,330 



4,526 



6,934 



6,905 



3,379 



515 
1,630 
326 
2 
616 
60 



6,264 



1,333 

2,317 

727 

4 

1,266 

162 

150 



2,175 



4,404 



247 
30 
509 



2,138 



705 
1,192 

593 

29 

1,245 

123 

240 
15 
52 

210 

1,928 

18 

584 



2,555 



4,594 



348 
957 
143 



398 
132 

379 
105 
355 



1,043 

1,240 

■ 313 

38 

958 

147 



299 
369 

1,925 
194 
192 



Includes small quantities of organic pesticides, rubber-processing chemicals, and surface-active agents. 
^ Actual weight; the computed weight (corrected to the standards of strength established by the Secretary 
of the Treasury) was 4,214 thousand pounds in 1951, 2,703 thousand pounds in 1952, and 3,255 thousand pounds 
in 1953. 

Source: Compiled from the records of the U. S. Bureau of Customs. 

NOTE. — The statistics for 1953 are based on general imports; the statistics for 1951 and 1952 are based on 
imports for consumption. The statistics for 1953, therefore, are not strictly comparable with those for 1951 
and 1952. The differences, however, are small, so that comparisons are significant. 

As in previous years, dyes were by far the most important 
group of finished coal-tar products imported. Imports of dyes in 
1953 amounted to 4.6 million dollars (foreign invoice value), or 
67 percent of the total value of all imports under paragraph 28. 
In 1953 Switzerland was the principal supplier of dyes, accounting 
for 51 percent of total imports; Germany's share of the total was 
28 percent, and the United Kingdom's share was 20 percent. Me - 
dicinals andpharmaceuticals were the next most important group 
of finished coal-tar products imported in 1953. In both 1953 and 

1952, imports of these products were valued at 1.9 million dollars, 
or 28 percent of the total value of all imports under paragraph 28. 
Germany, Switzerland, and Italy were the principal sources of 
innports of coal-tar medicinals in 1953. Imports of flavor and per- 
fume materials increased in value to $194,000 in 1953 from $18,000 
in 1952; Canada was the principal source of these materials in 

1953. Imports of other coal-tar products dutiable under paragraph 
28 decreased in value to $192,000 in 1953 from $584,000 in 1952. 
The synthetic resins --the most important class of items in this 
group --came chiefly from Canada and the Netherlands. 

B. Research Workers and Research Expenditures in 
the Synthetic Organic Chemical Industry 



Because of the interest of the synthetic organic chemical 
industry in statistics on chemical research, the Tariff Commission 
each year collects and publishes statistics on the number of tech- 
nically trained research workers in the industry, their salaries, 
and the cost of research (see table 29). This information is not 
available elsewhere. As many of the companies that produce syn- 
thetic organic chemicals also nnanufacture other products, the data 
are only approximate; for some companies the allocation of the 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



169 



cost of research on synthetic organic chemicals is somewhat 
arbitrary. Notwithstanding this limitation, the statistics do indi- 
cate trends in the amount of research done in the synthetic organic 
chemical industry. The data here reported probably cover about 
85 percent of the industry's total expenditure for research activi- 
ties. 

In 1953 a total of 363 companies reported on research activities. 
The number of technically trained research workers (minimum 
salary of $3,600 per year) reported for 1953 was 12,208, or about 
the same as the number reported for 1952. The average salary 
paid was $6,856, compared with $6,285 in 1952. Salaries paid in 
1953 totaled 83.7 million dollars, compared with 76.7 million 
dollars in the preceding year. In 1953 the gross cost of research 
was 210 million dollars, or an increase of 1 5 million dollars over 
that in 1952, The cost to the industry in 1953 for research con- 
ducted for it outside of the facilities of the reporting companies -- 
a cost not included in the figures given above --was 7.9 million 
dollars, 1.7 million dollars less than in 1952. This figure, how- 
ever, probably does not represent all research projects in uni- 
versities and private laboratories, or all consulting services. 



TABLE 23.--Syntheti 



r^anic chemical industry: Number of research worker 
and cost of research, 1945-53 



alaries paid esearch workers. 



Companies 
reporting 



Technically 
trained 
research 
workers^ 



Salaries 

paid 
research 
workers 



Total reported 
2ost of research 



Within the plant 



Nef 



Outside 

the 
plant 



1945- 
1946- 
1947- 
1948- 
1949- 
1950- 
1951- 
1952- 
1953- 



274 
313 
301 
303 
338 
335 
353 
381 
363 



6,219 
7,527 
8,707 
9,114 
8,916 
10,529 
9,984 
12,203 
12,208 



1,000 
dollars 
26,944 
35,791 
41,571 
46,346 
51,521 
56,619 
67,376 
76,701 
83,694 



1,000 
dollars 

55,046 
73,376 
90,640 
98,729 
105,333 
115,191 
149,607 
1^4,993 
210,035 



1,000 

dollars 

52,184 

69,412 

87,825 

95,417 

100,580 

111,374 

144,784 

186,503 

199,829 



liars 

4,023 
4,249 
4,600 
4,594 
4,996 
6,648 
6,724 
9,603 
7,951 



■"■ For the years 1945-50, a technically trained research worker was defined as a person with technical 
training engaged in research work and earning not less than $2,500 per year; for 1951-55, the minimam amount 
of earnings was fixed at |3,600. 

The net cost figure is obtained by deducting from gross cost the credits for salable products obtained 
in the course of research. 

C . Glossary of Synonymous Names of Cyclic Intermediates 

Many cyclic intermediates are known in the chemical trade by 
a variety of names. Individuals in the trade frequently are not ac- 
quainted with all the synonymous names for a given product. To 
bring together the synonymous names for each product, the tables 
on intermediates in this report (table 7A in part II, and table 7B in 
part III) show the standard name, in accordance with the system 
used by Chemical Abstracts; this standard name is frequently 
followed by the most common synonymous name in parenthesefs. 

In this report, as in previous reports of this series, the Tariff 
Conamission has included a glossary of synonymous names of 
cyclic intermediates. This glossary, which originally was com- 
piled at the suggestion of the Industry Advisory Committee on 
Government Reports, is intended to serve principally as an index 
to the standard names used in the tables on intermediates. The 
first column of the glossary lists alphabetically the common, or 
trivial, names usually encountered in the trade. The second 
columin gives the corresponding standard (Chemical Abstracts) 
names, under which the data are presented in tables 7A and 7B. 



313486 O - 54 - 12 



170 



UNITED 'STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of 



synonymous names 



Common name 



Aoedlan throne 

p-Aeetamidobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

5-Aoetamido-2 -hydroxy-benzoic acid 

S-Aoetaniido-orthanilio acid 

Acetanilide-p-sulfonic acid 

Acetanilid sulfon chloride 

p-Acetoacetchloranilide 

Acetoacet-o-chloroanilide 

o-Acetoacetochloroanilide 

m-Acetoacetoxylidide 

Acetoacet-o-toluidide 

Acetoacet-o-toluidine 

Acetoacetyl-o-anisidine 

Acetoacetyl benzidine 

Acetylacet-o-phenylacetoacetanilide 

Acetyl -p-amino-o-aminophenol hydrochloride 

Acetylamino Cleve's acid 

Acetyl-o-anisidine 

Acetyl-p-anisidine 

Acetyldiaminoanthraquinone 

Acetyl-aj-i-diaminophenol hydrochloride 

Acetyl H acid 

Aoetyl-l,4.-naphthalenediainine-6Cand 7)-sulfonic acids 



Acetyl -p-nitro-o-aminophenol 

Acetyl -m-phenylenediamine 

Acetyl-p-phenylenediamine 

Acetyl -p-phenylenediamine sulfate 

N-'--Acetylsulfanilamide 

N*-Acetylsulfanilamide 

2-(N*-Acetylsulfanilamido)thiazole 

N*-Acetyl-2-sulfo-p-phenylenediajiiine- 

N-Acetyl-o-toluidine 

1,2,4-Acid 

Amichin 

p-Aminoazobenzene : 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



Aminoazobenzene disulfo acid 

Aminoazobenzene-3,4-disulfonic acid 

p-Aminoazobenzene hydrochloride 

Aminoazobenzene-m-sulfonio acid 

Aminoazobenzene-p-sulfonic acid 

o-Aminoazo toluene 

o-Aminoazotoluene sulfate 

o-Aminoazotoluenesulfonio acid and salt- 



Aminoazoxylene 

Aminoazoxylenetoluidine 

8-Amino-l,2-benzacridin-7(l2)-one 

8 -Amino -1 , 2 -benzaoridone 

p-Aminobenzenearsonic acid 

m-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid 

p-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid 

o-Aminobenzoio acid 

m-Aminobenzoyl I(or J) acid — r 

p-Arainobenzoyl I(or J) acid 

o-Aminobenzylsulfonic acid 

o-Aminobiphenyl 

2-Aminobiphenyl 

■i-Aminobiphenyl 

l-Amino-2-bromo^-(p-toluidlne)anthraquinone- 

5-Amino-2-chlorobenzenesulfonic acid 

5-Amino-3-chlorobenzenesulfonic acid 

5-Amlno-i-chlorobenzenesulfonic acid 

5-Amino-2-ohlorobenzoic acid 

2-Amino -4 -chloro toluene 

2-Amino-5-chloro toluene 

2-Amino -6 -chloro toluene 

2-Amino-5-ohlorotoluene hydrochloride 

m-Amino-p-cresol 

3-Amino-p-cresol methyl ether 

3-Amino-p-cresyl methyl ether 

Aminod ichlorobenzenesulf onic ac id 

2-Aminodlcyclohexyl 

2-Araino-l,4-diethoxybenzene- 



2-Amino-5-diethylaminotoluene hydrochloride 
p-Aminodiethylaniline 

'4-Amlno-l,3-dlhydroxyanthraqulnone 

2-Amlno-l,4-dimethoxybenzene — . 

P-Aminodimethylaniline 

p-Arainodlme thy lani line hydrochloride 

p-Aminodimethylaniline sulfate 

2-Araino-<4,6-dinitrophenol and salt 

o-Aminodiphenyl 

p-Arainodiphenyl 



Aceanthra[2,l-a]aceanthrylene-5,13-dione. 

N-Acetylsulfanilyl chloride. 

5-Acetamidosalicylic acid, 

5-Acetamido-2-aminobenzenesulfonic acid. 

N-Acetylsulfanilic acid. 

N-Acetylsulfanilyl chloride. 

p-Chloroaoetoacetanilide . 

o-Chloroacetoacetanilide. 

o-Chloroacetoacetanilide, 

2,4-Acetoacetoxylidide. 

o-Acetoacetotoluidide, 

o-Acetoacetotoluidide, 

o-Acetoacetanisidide, 

p,p'-Biacetoacetanilide, 

y-(o-Acetoaoetophenyl)acetoaoetanilide. 

't-Aoetamido-2-aiiiinophenol hydrochloride. 

8-Aoetamido-5-amino-2(and 3)-naphthalenesulfonio acid. 

o-Aeetanisidide. 

p-Aoetanisidide. 

1,5 (or l,8)-Diacetamidoanthraquinone. 

4-Acetajiiido-2-aminophenol hydrochloride. 

8-Aoetamido-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 

8-Acetamido-5-amino-2(and 3)-naphthalenesulfonio 
acid. 

2-Aoetamido-4-nitrophenol. 

m-Aminoacetani lide . 

p-Aminoacetanilide. 

p-Aminoacetanilide sulfate, 

N-Sulfanilylacetamide. 

p-Sulfamylaoetanilide. 

p-2-Thiazolylsulfamylacetanilide, 

5-Acetamido-2-aminobenzenesulfonic acid, 

o-Acetotoluidide. 

l-Amino-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid. 

8-Amino-6-methoxyquinoline. 

p-Phenylazoaniline. 

6-Amino-3,'4'-azobis[benzenesulfonic acid] . 

6-Amino-3,'4'-azobis[benzenesulfonic acid] . 

p-Phenylazoaniline hydrochloride. 
m-(p-Aminophenylazo )benzenesulf onic acid. 
p-(p-Amlnophenylazo )benzencsulf onic acid. 
<i-(o-Tolylazo)-o-toluidine. 
■i-Co-Tolylazoi-o-toluidine sulfate. 
4-(4-Amino-m-tolylazo)-m-toluenesulfonio acid and 

salt. 
'l-(2,';-Xylylazo)-2,5-xylidine. 
i-(2,'4-Xylyla?o)-o-toluidine. 
8-Amlnobenz[ai •icridin-7(12;-one. 
8-Aminobenz[ajacridin-7', 12)-one. 
Arsanilic acid. 
Metanilic acid. 
Sulfanilio acid. 
Anthranilic acid. 

6-(m-Aminobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonio acid. 
6-(p-Aminobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonio acid. 
o-Toluidinomethanesulfonio acid. 
2-Biphenylamine. 
2 -B ipheny lamine . 
Xenylamine. 

l-Amino-2-bromo-4-(p-toluidino)anthraquinone, 
6-Chlororaetanilic acid. 
5-Chlorometanllic acid. 
4-Chlorometanllio acid. 
3-Amlno-6-chlorobenzoio acid, 
5-Chloro-o-toluidine. 
4-Chloro-o-toluidine. 
6-Chloro-o-toluidine. 
4-Chloro-o-toluidine hydrochloride. 
2-Amino-p-cresol. 
5-Methyl-o-anisidine. 
5-Methyl-o-anisidine. 
2,5-Dichlorosulfanilic acid. 
2-Aminoblcyclohexyl. 
2, 5-Diethoxyanillne. 

N',N'-Diethyltoluene-2,5-dlaiiilne hydrochloride, 
N,N-Diethyl-p-phenylenediamine. 
4-Aminoxanthopurpurin. 
2,5-Dimethoxyaniline. 
N,N-Dimethyl-p-phenylenedlamine. 
N,N-Dimethyl -p-phenylenediamine hydrochloride. 
N, N-Dime thy 1 -p-phenylenediamine sulfate. 
Picramio acid and salt, 
2-Biphenylamine. 
Xenylamine. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 

Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



171 



Coiranon name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



p-Aminodiphenylamlne 

'i-Aminodlphenylajnlne-2 -sulfonic acid 

Aminodiphenyl ether 

4-Aminoetho5cyethylaniline 

Amino G acid 

Amino I(or J) acid • 

p-Amino-N-isobutylphenol 

5-Amino-2-methoxybenzyl alcohol 

4 -Amino -3 -methoxyd ipheny lamine -2 -sulfonic acid 

"i-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

2-Aminonaphthalene-3,6,8-trisulfonic acid 

l-Amino-7-naphthol 

l-Amino-8-naphthol-4,6-disulfonic acid 

4-Amino-5-naphthol-l,7-disulfonic acid 

l-Amino-8-naphthol-2,4-disulfonic acid, monosodium 

salt, 
l-Amino-8-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid, monosodium 

salt. 
2-Amino-8-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid, monosodium 

salt, 
4-Amino-5-naphthol-l,3-disulfonic acid, monosodium 

salt, 
5-Amino-<V-naphthol-2,7-disulfonio acid, monosodium 

salt. 
6-Amino-4-naphthol-2,7-disulfonlc acid, monosodium 

salt. 

2-Amino-6-naphthol-8-sulfonic acid 

4-Amino-3-naphthol-l -sulfonic acid 

7-Amino-3-naphthol-l-sulfonic acid 

l-Amino-8-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid, sodium salt 

2-Amino-5-naphthol-7-sulfonlc acid, sodium salt 

2-Amino-8-naphthol-6-sulfonic acid, sodium salt 

"i-Amino-S-naphthol-l -sulfonic acid, sodium salt 

6-Amino-4-naphthol-2-sulfonio acid, sodium salt 

7-Amino-4-naphthol-2-sulfonio acid, sodium salt 

2-Amino-4-nitroanisole 

2-Amino-5-nitroanisole 

2-Amino-6-nitroanisole 

i-Amino-3-nitroanisole 

4-Amino-4-nitrodiphenylamine-2 -sulfonic acid 

2-Aminophenetole 

Aminophenol sulf amide 

o-Aminophenol-p -sulfonamide 

o-Aminophenol-p-sulfonic acid 

Aminopheny Ipheny 1 ether 

m-Aminophenylpyrazolonecarboxylic acid 

l-(m-Aminophenyl)-5-pyrazolone-3-carboxylic acid 

p-Aminophenyl-p-tolylaminesulfonio acid 

Amino R acid 

6-Amino-3-(p-toluene sulf one )amino-4^aethoxytoluene- 

3,' -Amino-(p-toluenesulfone )ethoxytoluene 

2-Aminotoluene-5-sulfonic acid 

Aminoviolanthrene 

Aniline-2,4-disulfonio acid 

Aniline-2,5-disulfcnic acid 

Aniline hydrochloride 

Aniline oil 

Aniline-m-sulfonic acid 

Aniline-p-sulfonic acid 

Aniline-omega-sulfonic acid, sodium salt . 

6-Anilinoiiietanilic acid 

o-Aiiiside-4-acetylurea- 
2-Aniside-i-aoetylurea- 



2-Anisidine-4-sulfobutylamide — 

o-Anisidine-omega-sulfonio acid 

1, 4, 9, 10-Anthratetrol 

1, 9-Anthrathiazole -2 -oarbonyl chloride 

l,l'-Azobis(2-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid) 

1,1 -Azobis(8-nitro-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid)- 

5,5,' -Azobis ( salicylic acid ) 

Azohydroxyaniline 

Azoxy aniline 

m,m'-Azoxybisanillne 



Benzal chloride 

Benzaldehydedlsulfonie acid 

Benzaldehydemonosulfonio acid 

l-(4-Benzamido-l-anthraqulnonylimino)-5-benzamido- 
anthraquinone , 

Benzanthrone 

Benzanthronedianthraquinonyldi-imide 



N-Phenyl-p-phenylenediamine, 

5 -Amino -2 -ani linobenzenesulf oni c acid. 

p -Phenoxyani line . 

2-(p-Amino-N-ethylanillno )ethanol. 

7-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid, 

6-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonio acid, 

p-Isobutylaminophenol, 

5-Amlnosallgenin-2-methyl ether, 

5-Anilino-2-methoxymetanilic acid. 

Naphthionio acid, 

7-Amino-l,3,6-naphthalenetrlsulfonic acid, 

8 -Amino -2 -naphtho 1 , 

8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,5-disulfonic acid, 

8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,5-disulfonic acid, 

8-Amino-l-naphthol-5,7-disulfonio acid, monosodium 

salt, 
8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid, monosodium 

salt, 
7-Amino-l-naphthol-3,5-disulfonic acid, monosodium 

salt. 
8-Amino-l-naphthol-5,7-disulfonie acid, monosodium 

salt. 
8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid, monosodium 

salt. 
7-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid, monosodium 

salt. 
6-Amino-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid. 
l-Amino-2-naphthol-<i-sulfonic acid. 
6-Amino-2-naphthol-i-sulfonic acid, 
8-Amlno-l-naphthol-5-sulfonic acid, sodium salt, 
6-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid, sodium salt, 
7-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonio acid, sodium salt, 
8-Amino-l-naphthol-5-sulfonio acid, sodium salt, 
7-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid, sodium salt. 
6-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid, sodium salt, 
5-Nitro-o-anisidine, 
"i-Nitro-o-anisidlne, 
6-Nitro-o-anisidine. 
2-Nltro-p-anisidlne. 

2-(p-Aminoanilino)-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid. 
o-Phenetidine. 

2-Amino-l-phenol-4— sulf onamide . 
2 -Amino -1 -phenol -4 -sulf onami de . 
2-Amino-l-phenol-4-sulfonic acid. 
Phenoxyaniiine. 
l-(m-Aminophenyl) -5-0X0-2 -pyrazollne-3-carboxy lie 

acid. 
l-(m-Aminophenyl ) -5-oxo-2-pyTazoline-3-carboxyllo 

acid, 
6-p-Toluidinometanillc acid, 
3-Amlno-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
A. -Amino-5' -methyl -p-toluenesulfon-o-anisidide. 
3 -Me thy 1 -N- ( p -to luene sulf ony 1 ) -p -phene t id ine . 
4-Amino-m-toluenesulfonlc acid. 
16-Aminoviolanthrone. 
4-Amino-m-benzenedisulfonic acid. 
2-Amlno-p-benzenedisulfonic acid. 
Aniline salt. 
Aniline, 
Metanllic acid, 
Sulfanilic acid, 

Anllinomethanesulfonic acid, sodium salt, 
5-Amino-2-anilinoben2enesulfonie acid. 
o-Anlsidlnomenthanesulfonlc acid. 
l-Aeetyl-3- ( A-amino-p-anisyl ) urea . 
3-Amino-J<-butyl-p-aniaolesulf onamide . 
o-Anisldlnomethanssulfonlc acid. 
Leuco qulnizarin, 

Anthr[l,9] lsothiazole-2-carbonyl chloride, 
Naphth[l,2]oxadlazole-5-sulfonic acid, 
7(and 8)-Nitronaphth[l,2]oxadiazole-5-sulfonic acid, 
3-Carboxy-2(and 4)-hydroxybenzenediazonlum sulfate. 
p-(p-Amlnophenylazo )phenol, 
m,m' -Azoxydianiline. 
m,m' -Azoxydianiline. 

a ,a -Dichlorotoluene . 
4-Formyl-m-benzenedisulfonio acid. 
o-Formylbenzenesulfonic acid. 
4,5'-Dlbenzamido-l,l'-lmlnodlanthraquinone. 

7-Benz[ de] anthracen-7-one. 

3 , 9^is [ 1-anthraquinonylamlno] -7-benz [ de ] anthraoen- 
7 -one. 



172 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names— Continued 



Common name 



Benzeneazobenzene 

Benzene-l,3-dicarboxylic acid 

p-Benzenedicarboxylic acid 

1, 3, 5-Benzenetriol 

2,2 '-Benzidine dlsulfonic acid 

Benzidine sulfonic acid 

Benzocaine 

Benzotrichloride 

Benzoylacetanilide 

l-Benzoylamino— 4-aminoanthraqiiinone 

2-Benzoylaraino-l,4-diethoxybenzene 

2-Benzoylamino-l,^-dinietnoxybenzene 

5-Benzoylamino-2-nitrodimethoxybenzene 

5-Benzoylaraino-2-nltrohydroquinone diethyl ester— 
6-Benzoylamino-3-(p-toluenesulfonamido)-i-methoxy- 
toluene. 

2-Benzoyl-4-chloro-3-nitrobenzoic acid 

Benzoyl J acid 

2-Benzoylthiophene 

a-Benzylacetajnide 

ra-Benzyl-p-aniinophenol hydrochloride 

Benzyl chloride 

Benzyl cyanide 

N-Benzyl-N-ethylaniline 

N-Benzyl-N-ethyl-p-nitrosoaniline 

3 -Benzy 1-7 -hydroxy-^ -methylcoumarin 

Benzylidlneacetophenone 

Bibenzoyl 

o-Biphenylamine 

"i-Biphenylamine 

p.p'-Bis(acetoacetanllide) 

N, N '-Bis ( acetoacetyl )benzidine 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)aniline 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl-m-toluidine) 

'')'*'-Bis[2-(NHiiethyl-o-anisyldiazoamino)ethanesul- 
fonic acid], 

N,N'-Bis-6-(l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid)urea 

B.O.N, 

Broenner ' s ac id 

Bromamine acid 

p-Bromoacetamidoanthraquinone 

Bromobenzanthrone 

p-Broraomethylaminoanthraquinone 

■i-Bromo-N-methyl-l,9-anthrapyrldone 



n-Butyl-p-nitrobenzoate- 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



p-Carboxybenzenesulfonamide 

3-Carboxy-/.-hydroxyacetanilide 

Cassella acid 

Centralite 

Chicapo acid 

Chlorinated cresols 

2-Chloro-3-acetamino-9, lO-anthrahydroquinone dlsul- 
fonic acid ester. 

2-Chloro-3-acetaminoanthraquinone 

2-Chloro-3-acetamino-9,in-dihydroxyanthracene-9,in- 
disulfonic acid ester. 

Chloroacetylarsanilic acid 

5-Ohloro-2-aminoanisole 

'i-Chloro-2-amino-6-benzenesulfonic acid 

6-ChlQro-l-arainobenzotrifluoride 

Chloroaminophenol 

2-Chloro— 4-amlnotoluene 

5 -rhloro-2 -amino toluene 

m-Chloroaniline-o-sulfonie acid 

p-Chloroaniline-ra-sulfonic acid 

p-Chloroaniline-o-sulfonic acid 

5-Chloroanisidine 

2-Chloro-3-anthracenecarboxylic acid 

2-Chloroanthraquinone-3-carboxylic acid 

2-Chlorobenzaldehyde-5-sulfonic acid 

"i-Chlorobenzaldehyde-Z -sulfonic acid 

l-Chloro-5-benzamideanthraquinone 

Chlorobenzanthrone 

"i-Chlorobenzotrifluoride 

Chlorobenzyl cyanide 

l-Chloro-2-carboxyanthraquinone 

p-Chloro-m-cresol 

2-Chloro-l,^-dlhydroxyanthraquinone 

Chloro H acid 

5-Chloro-8-hydroxyquinoline 

3-Chloro-3 -methoxy-6-diphenylamineoarboxylic aold, 



potassium salt. 



Azobenzene. 

Isophthalic acid. 

Terephthalic acid. 

Phloroplucinol. 

"4,4' -Diamino-2,2 '-biphenyldisulf onic acid. 

2-Amino-5-(p-aminophenyl)benzenesulfonic acid. 

p-Arainobenzoic acid, ethyl ester. 

o-tA ,a -Trichlorotoluene. 

a -Benzoylacetanilide. 

l-Amino-4-benzamidoanthraquinone. 

2 ', 5'-Diethoxybenzanilide. 

2', 5'-Dimethoxybenzanilide. 

2 ', 5 '-Dimethoxy-i ' -ni trobenzanilide. 

2',5'-Diethoxy-^'-nitrobenzanilide. 

5-Benzamido-4-methoxy-3-(p-toluenesulfonainido)tolu- 
ene. 

o-(<i-Chloro-3-nitrobenzoyl)benzoic acid. 

6-Benzamido-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 

Phenyl 2-thienyl ketone. 

Hydroc innamamide . 

'i-Amino-a-phenyl-m-cresol hydrochloride. 

a -Chloro to luene . 

Phenylacetonitrile. 

N-Ethyl-N-phenylbenzylamine. 

N-Ethyl-N-(p-nitrosophenyl)benzylamine. 

3-Benzyl-4^-methylumbelliferone. 

Chaloone. 

Benzil. 

2-Biphenylamine. 

Xenylamine. 

^,'l'-Biaoetoaoetanillde. 

^,'i'-Biacetoaoetanilide. 

2,2' -(Phenylimino )diethanol. 

2,2'-(n)-Tolylimino)diethanol. 

3, 3' -DiTiethoxy^,4' -biphenylbis [3Hnethyl-3-triazene- 

ethmesulfonic aeid],A 
6,6'-Ureylenebis[l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid] . 
? -Hydroxy -2 -naphthoic acid. 
6-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
l-Amino-i-bromo-2-anthraquinonesulfonic acid. 
1-Acetamido-^-bromoanthraquinone. 
3-Bromo-7-benz [de] anthracen-7-one. 
<i-Brorao-l-methylaminoanthraquinone. 
6-Bromo-3-methyl-7-dibenz If ,ij] isoquinoline-2,7(3)- 

dione. 
p-Nitrobenzoic acid, n-butyl ester. 

p-Sulfamylbenzoic acid. 

5-Aoetamidosalicylic acid. 

3-Araino-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid, 

N,N '-Diethylcarbanilide. 

8-Amlno-l-naphthol-5,7-disulfonic acid. 

Cresols, chlorinated. 

2-Acetaraido-3-chloro-9, lO-dihydro-9, 10-anthradiol- 

9,in-disulfonio acid, diethyl ester. 
2 -Ac etamido -3 -chloroanthraquinone. 
2-Acetajnido-3-chloro-9, lO-dihydro-9, 10-anthradiol- 

9,10-disulfonic acid, diethyl ester. 
Chloroarsacetin. 
'+-Chloro-o-anisidine. 
''-Chlorometanilie acid. 
6-Chloro-a-trifluoro-m-toluidine. 
2-Amino-'i-chlorophenol. 
3-Chloro-p-toluidine. 
'♦-Chloro-o-toluidine. 
2-Amino-6-chlorobenzenesulfonio acid. 
6-Chlorometanllic acid. 
2-Amino-5-chlorobenzenesulfonic acid. 
•4-Chloro-o-anisidine. 
3-Chloro-2-anthraoenecarboxylic acid. 
3 -Chloro -2 -anthraquinoneearboxy lie acid. 
4-Chioro-3-formylbenzenesulfonic acid. 
5-Chloro-2-formylbenzenesulfonic acid. 
l-Benzamido-5 -chloroanthraquinone. 
Chloro-7-benz[ de]anthracen-7-one, 
■4 -Chloro-a,a,a-trifluoro toluene. 
(p-Chlorophenyl)acetonltrile. 
l-Chloro-2 -anthraquinoneearboxy lie acid. 
6-Chloro-m-cresol. 
2-Chloroquinizarin. 

8-Chloro-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 
5-Chloro-8-qulnolinol. 

N-(m-Anlsyl)-4-ohloroanthranlllc acid, potassium 
salt. 



1 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



173 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous 



Common name 



3-Chloro-4'-methoxy-6-diphenylajnlnecarl>oxylic acid, 

potassium salt, 
("i-Chloro-S-methoxy-N-methylphenyldlazoaminojaoetic 

acid, 

Chloromethylanthraquinone 

(5-Chloro-N-methyl-o-tolyldiazoamino)acetlc aold 

o-Chloro-p-nitroanlline 

p-Chloro-o-nitroanHine 

i-Chloro-3-nitrobenzotrifluoride 

2-Chlorophenol 

^-Chlorophenol 

2-(m-Chlorophenyldlazoamino)-^-sulfobenzoic acid 

Chlorophenylhydrazlne-p-sulfonio aold 

2-Chloro-o-phenyl phenol 

l-(2-Chloro^-sulfophenyl)-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone — 

o-Chloro-p-toluene sodium sulfonate 

4-Chlorotoluene-2-sulfonio acid 

m-Chlorotoluenethloglycolio acid 

5-Chloro-2-toluldine 

o-Chloro-m-toluidine-p-sulfonic aold 

2-Chloro-p-toluidine-5-sulfonic acid 

2-Chloro-5-toluldlne -^-sulfonic aold 

Chlorotolylthioglyoolic acid 

Chloro-sym-xylenol 

Chloroxylldenesulfonlo acid 

Chromotropic aold 

1,6-Cleve' s acid 

1 , 7-Cleve ' s ao Id ■ 

Cleve's aold, mixed- 

Cresidine 

m-Cresol methyl ether 

Cresols , mixed 

m-Cresolsulfonlo acid 

o-Cresotlc aold 

o-Cresotlnlc aold 

m-Cresyl methyl ether 

psi-Cumidine 

Cuminaldehyde 

2-Cyanopyrldine 

3-CyanopyTidine 

"i-Cyanopyrldlne ■ 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



Dahl's aold 

Dehydrothlo-p-toluldlne 

Desoxyanlsoin 

Developer Z ' 

3,6-Dlaininoaoridine 

m-Diamlnoanlsole 

3,3'-Dlamlnqazoxybenzene 

"ij^'-Dlamlno-ljl -dlanthraqulnonylamlne 

•iji'-Diamino-ljl'-dlanthrimide 

Diamina-^ , ^ ' -dibenzoyl -1 , 1 ' -d ianthraquinonelmlne — 
Diamlno-4,5-dibenzoyl-l,l -dianthraquinonylamlne — 

l,4-Dlamino-2,3-dihydroanthraquinone 

3,6-Diamino-2,7-dimethylaoridine hydrochloride 

4,i -Diamlno--3,3'-dimethyl-5,5'-bisbenzenesulfonic 
acid, 

4,'4'-Diamino-2,2'-dlmethyldlphenylmethane 

p , p -Diamlnod ipheny Imethane 

p,p -Diaminodiphenylsulfide 

3,3 '-Diamlnod ipheny 1 urea 

Di(p-aminophenyl) sulfide 

l,3-Di(m-aminophenyl)urea 

2,6-Diaminotoluene-4-sulfonic acid 

Diamylphenol 

l,5-Dianllinoanthraqulnone-o,o'-dlearboxylio aold — 

o-Dianls Id ine 

Dl (o-anisyldiazo )methylenebis ( iminoacetic acid ) 

Di(o-anisyldiazo)methylenebis(iminopropionic acid)- 



a , /3-Dlanisylglyool 

1, 1' -Dianthraquinoneimlne 

1,1' -Dianthraquinonylamlne 

Dianthrlmide 

Diazoaminobenzene ■ ■ 

l-Diazo-2-naphthol-4-sulfonlo aold 

Dibenzanthrone— 

2,2-Dibenzanthronyl-i 

13,13-Dibenzanthronyl 

Dibenzoyl 

4,5 -Dibenzoy lamidod lanthraqulnonylamlne - 
4,4'-Dibenzoyldiamlno-l,l'-^ianthrijnide- 
Dibenzyl 



N-(p-Anisyl)-4-ohloroanthranilio acid, potassium 

salt, 
l-('l-Chloro-o-anlsyl)-3-methyl-3-triazeneacetio aold, 

l-Chloro-2-methylanthraquinone, 

l-(5-Chloro-o-tolyl)-3-inethyl-3-triazeneacetlc acid, 

2-Chloro-4-nltroanlline, 

4 -Chloro -2 -nl troanl 1 ine , 

4-Chloro-a,a,a-trlfluoro-3-nitrotoluene. 

o-Ch] orophenol, 

p -Chloropheno 1 . 

2-{l-(m-Chlorophenyl)triazeno]-4-sulfobenzoic acid, 

4-Chloro-3-hydrazlnobenzenesulfonic acid. 

2 -Chloro -6 -pheny Iphenol , 

l-(6-Chloro-4-sulfophenyl)-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone, 

3-Chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid, sodium salt. 

5-Chloro-o-toluenesulfonlc acid, 

4-Chloro-o-tolylmeroaptoacetic acid, 

5 -Chloro -o -toluid ine . 

2-Amlno-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonlc acid, 

6-Amino-4-chloro-m-toluenesulfonic acid, 

2-Araino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonio aold. 

4-Chloro-o-tolylmercaptoaoetlo acid. 

4-Chloro-3,5-xylenol, 

6-Amlno-3-ohloro-2,5-xylenesulfonlo aold, 

4,5-Dlhydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid, 

5-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonio aold, 

8-Amlno-2-naphthalenesulfonio acid. 

5(and 8)-Amlno-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

5-Methyl-o-anlsldlne, 

m-Methylanisole, 

Cresylic aold, 

5-Hydroxy-m-toluenesulfonlo acid. 

2,3-Cresotic aold, 

2,3-Cresotic acid, 

ra-Methylanisole, 

Pseudocumidlne, 

Cumaldehyde, 

Picolinonitrile. 

Nlcotlnonltrile, 

Isonlootlnonitrile, 

6-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonlc aold, 

2-(p-Aminophenyl ) -6-methylbenzothlazole, 

a-(p-Anisyl)-p-methoxyaoetophenone, 

3 -Methyl -1 -phenyl -5 -pyrazolone , 

Proflavine base. 

5-Methoxy-m-phenylenedlamine, 

m,m'-Azoxydianiline, 

1 , 1 ' -Iminod 1 -4-amlnoanthraquinone , 

1,1' -Iminod 1 -4-aminoanthraquinone , 

1.1 -Imlnobls[4-benzamldoanthraquinone] , 
4,5 -Dlbenzamldo-1, 1 '-amlnodlanthraquinone. 
Acetate leuco violet, 

Acridlne yellow, 

2.2 '-Diamino-5,5'-bi-m-toluenesulfonio acid. 

4.4 '-Methylenebis[m-toluldine] , 
p,p '-Methylenedianiline, 

p,p '-Thlodlaniline, 

3,3'-Dlamlnooarbanilide. 

p,p'-Thiodlanlllne, 

3,3'-Diamlnocarbanlllde. 

3,5-Diamino-p-toluenesulfonio aold, 

2, 4-Di-tert-amy Iphenol, 

1 , 5-Dianllino-2 , 6-anthraqulnonedloarboxylic acid . 

3.3 -Dimetho3cybenzldlne, 

3.3'~Methylenebls[l-o-anisyl-3-triazeneaoetic aci(}] J 
3,3 '-Metl^lenebls[l-o-anisyl-3-triazenemethylaoetio , 

acid] , 
l,2-Di-p-anlsyl-l,2-ethanediol, ' 

1, l' -Iminodlanthraqulnone, 
l,l' -Iminodlanthraqulnone, 
1,1' -Iminodlanthraqulnone. 
1,3-Dlphenyltriazine, 
5-Naphth[l,2]oxadiazosulfonic acid, 
Violan throne, 

; 4,4''-Bi-7-benz[de] anthraeen) -7, y'-dlone. 
(3,3'-Bl-7-benz[dejanthraoen)-7,7'-dlone, 
Benzil. 

4 . 5 '-Dlben^amido-1, 1 '-aminodianthraqulnonel 
1,1 -Imlnobls[4-benzajiiidoanthraquinone] . 
Bibenzyl. 



I' 



174 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Cyclic intermediate 



^ry of synonymous names — Continued 



Common n.ime 



-anthrazinetetrone' 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



Dibenzyi aniline 

Dibenzyl disulfide 

Dibenzyl ether 

Dibenzyl sodium sulfanilate 

Dibromoaminoanthraquinone 

7,16-Dibromo-6,15-dihydro-5,9,l'i 

p-Dibromodihydroxynaphthalene 

2,6-Dibromo-l,5-dihydroxynaphthalene 

'i,5-Dlbromo-l,8-dihydroxynaphthalene 

1,4-Dichloroaniline 

2, 5-Dichloroaniline-<4-sulfonic acid 

Dichloroanisyldiazodi-iminodiaeetic acid 

Di(5-chloro-o-anisyldiazo)methylenebis(irainoacetio 

acid). 

1.5-Dichloro^,8-anthraquinonedisulfonlc acid 

l,8-Dichloro-4,5-anthraquinonedisulfonic acid 

2 , 6-Dichlorobenzalchloride 

o , o '-Dichlorobenzidine 

m,m'-Dichlorobenzidine hydrochloride 

2,'i-Dichlorcbenzyl chloride 

2,<i-Dichlorobenzylidene chloride 

2,6-Dichlorobenzylidene chloride 

Di('«-chToro-2-diazotoluol)methylenehis(iminoacetic 

acid) . 
2-' 2 , 5-Dichloro-N-ethylphenyldiazoamino )-5-sulfoben- 

zoic acid, 

Dichlorohydroxybenzoylbenzoic acid 

2,5-Dichlorophenylhydrazinesulfonic acid 

l-(2,5-Dichlorophenyl)-5-pyrazolone-3-carboxylic acid 

Di(5-ohloro-o-tolyldlazo)methylenebis(iminoacetic 

acid). 
Di(5-chloro-o-tolyldiazo)methylenebis(iminopropionic 

acid). 

Dicresyldisulfide 

Dlcyclohexyl 

Diethanolaniline 

Diethanol-m-toluidine 

1,^-Diethoxybenzene 

N-{2,5-Diethoxy-<4-nitrophenyl)benzamide 

N-(2,5-Diethoxyphenyl)benzamide 

p-Diethylaminobenzalaniline-o-sulfonic acid 

Diethylaniline-ra-sulfonic acid 

Diformyl-m-tolylenediamine 

1 . 2-Dihydroacenaphthylene 

1 .4-Dihydro-4-oxo-2,6-pyTidinedicarboxylic acid 

1 , 3-Dihydroxyanthraquinone 

Ij/J-Dihydroxyanthraquinone 

1 , 5-Dihydroxyanthraquinone 

1,8-Dihydroxyanthraquinone 

2 , 6-Dihydroxyanthraquinone 

2,'4-Dihydroxybenzoic acid 

2,3-Dihydroxy-l,'4-diaminoanthraquinone 

Dihydroxydibenzanthrone 

Sj'i-Dihydroxy-a-dimethylaminoacetophenone- 
5,5'-Dihydroxyd'i-2-naphthylamine-7,7^-disi 

IjS-Dihydroxy-'l.S-dinitroanthraquinone 

p,p'-Dihydroxydiphenyldimethylmethane 

''- , !• '-Dihydroxyd iphenylsulf one 

f),5'-Dihydroxy-7.7'-disulfonio-2,2'-dinaphthylamine- 

Dihydroxyethylaniline 

Dihydroxyethyl-3-toluidine 

1 , 5-Dihydroxynnphthalene 

2 , 3-DlhydroxyTiaphthalene 

l,8-Dihydroxynaphthalene-3,6-disulfonic acid 

1,8-Dihydroxynaphthalene— 4 -sulfonic acid 

2,3-Dihydroxynaphthalene-6-sulfonic acid 

Dimethanil-4-sodium sulfonate 

2,3-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde 

3,i-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde 

o-Dimethoxybenzene 1 Veratrole 

1,2-Dimethoxybenzene Veratrole 

■4,<i'-Dimethoxybenzoin Anisoin, 

3,'i-Dimethoxybenzyl alcohol Veratryl alcohol. 

Di{methoxy-2-dlazo-4-chlorobenzoyl)methylenebis(imino-| 3.3 '-Methylenebis[l-(5-chloro-o-anisyl)-3-trlazene 

acetic acid). 
Dlmethoxydiazodlphenylmethylenebis(iminoacetic aoid)- 
DlmethoxydiazodiphenylJiiethylenebls(irairopropionic 

acid). 
2,2'-(3,3'-Dlraethoxy-N,N'-dimethyl-A,'4'-blphenylbis- 

diazoamino)dlethanesulfonic acid. 

Di-p-raethoxyethylchalcone 

N-(2,5-Diraethoxy-4-nitrophenyl)benzamide 



isulfonic acid 



N -Pheny Id ibenzy lamine . 

Benzyl disulfide. 

Benzyl ether. 

N,N-Dibenzylsulfanilic acid, sodium salt. 

1 -Amino -2,^-6 ibroraoanthraquinone . 

7, 16-Dibromoindanthrene. 

4,5-Dibromo-l,8-naphthalenediol. 

2,6-Dibromo-l,5-naphthalenediol. 

^,5-Dibromo-l,8-naphthalenediol. 

2,5-Dichloroaniline. 

2,5-Dichlorosulfanilic acid. 

3,3'-Methylenebis[l-(5-chloro-o-anlsyl)-3-triazene- 

acetic acid] . 
3, 3 '-Methylenebis [l-( 5-chloro-o-anisyl )-3-triazene- 

acetic acid]. 
i,8-Dichloro-l,5-anthraquinonedisulfonic acid. 
'i,5-Dichloro-l,8-anthraquinonedisulfonic acid, 
a, (X, 2 , 6-Tetrachlorotoluene . 
3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine. 
2, 2 '-Dichlorobenzidine hydrochloride, 
a . 2 , -i-l^ichloro toluene. 
?,?,2,'4-Tetrachlorotoluene. 
?, a, 2 , 6-Tetrachlorotoluene. 
3, 3'' -Methylenebis [l-C-i-chloro-o-tolyl )-3-triazene- 

acetic acid]. 
2-[l-(2,5-Dichlorophenyl)-3-ethyl-3-triazene] -5-sul- 

fobenzoic acid. 
o-(3,5-Dichlorcsalicyloyl)benzoic acid. 
2,5-Dichlorohydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid. 
l-( 2 , 5-Dichlorophenyl ) -5-oxo-2-pyrazoline-3-carbox- 

ylic acid. 
3, 3' '-Methylenebis [l-(5-chloro-o-tolyl)-3-triazene- 

acetic acid] . 
3,3'-Methylenebis[l-(5-chloro-o-tolyl)-3-triazene- 

methylacetic acid] . 
Cresyl disulfide. 
Bicyclohexyl, 

2,2 '-(Pheny llraino)diethanol. 
2,2'-(m-Tolylimino)diethanol, 
p-Diethoxybenzene. 
2',5'-Diethoxy^''-nitrobenzanilide. 
2 ', 5' -Diethoxybenzanilide. 
N-(p-Diethylaminobenzylidene)aniline-o-sulfonic acid. 

N,N-Diethyljnetanilic acid. 

N,N'-Diformyltoluene-2,5-diamine. 

Acenaphthene. 

Chelidamic acid. 

Xanthopurpurin. 

Quinizarin. , 

Anthrarufin. 

Chrysazin. 

Anthraflavic acid. 

P-Resorcylic acid. 

1,^-Diaminohystazarin. 

16, 17-Dihydroxyviolanthrone. 

Adrenalone. 

6,6'-Iminobis[l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid], 

i,8-Dinitroanthraruf in. 

p,p -Isopropylidenediphenol. 

p,p -Sulfonyldiphenol. 

6,6'-Irainobis[l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid], 

2,2'-(Phenylimino)diethanol. 

2,2'-(m-Tolylimino)diethanol. 

1,5-Naphthalenediol. 

2 , 3-Naphthalenediol. 

';,5-Dihydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

4,5-Dihydroxy-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

6,7-Dihydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

Isopropylideneaminobenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt, 

o-Veratraldehyde. 

Veratraldehyde. 



acetic acid] . 
3,3'-Methylenebis[l-o-anisyl-3-trlazeneaoetlc acid]. 
3,3'-Methylenebls[l-o-anlsyl-3-trlazenemethylacetic 

acid]. 
3,3'-Dimethoxy-4,4'-blphenylbls[3-methyl-3-trla2ene- 

ethanesulfonic acid]. 
i-Ethyl-4,4' -dimethoxychalcone. 
2' , 5' -Dlmethoxy-4' -nitrobenzanilide . 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 

Cyclic intermediates: Oioss^ry nf xynonymnus namp.-!— Cnnt i niied 



175 



Common name 



(3,'i-Dimethoxyphen,vl)acetio acid 

N-(2.5-Diraethox.vphenyl)benzamide 

2,<i-Di(p-raethoxyphenyl)-3-ethylhexane 

2,4-Di(p-niethoxyphenyl)-3-ethylhexene 

Sj'i-DiCp-methoxyphenyDhexane 

Dime thy lace tanilide 

Dlmethylaminoacetylcatechol 

N,N-Dimethyl-3-aminophenol 

Dimethylanillne 

Dime thy Ibenzene 

Sj-i-Dimethylbenzenesulfonanilide 

2,'i-Dimethyl-6-tert-butylacetophenone 

l,3-Dimethyl-5-tert-butylbenzene 

2,7-Dlmethylceroxanol 

Dimethyldianthraquinonyl 

2,2' -Dimethyl-l.l-dianthraquinonylajnine 

2,7-Diraethylfluorane 

Dimethylhydroresorcinol 

Dimethyl-a-naphthylamine 

2,7-Dimethylquinoline 

0inaphtho[l,2,3-cd,3',2',l'-lid perylene 

Dinaphtho[l,2,3-od,3',2',l'-lm]perylene-5,10- 
dione, 

1 , •i-Dinitrobenzene 

2,'i-Dinitrobenzene 

Dinitrochlorobenzene 

Dinitrochlorobenzenesulfonio acid 

3 , 5 -Dini tro-<i-chlorobenzoic acid 

2,6-Dinitro-4-chlorophenol 

Dinitro-o-oyolohexylphenol 

li.Y -Dinitro-l,l'-dianthraquinonylamine 

Dinitrodibenzanthronyl 

Dinitrohydroxydiphenylamine 

Dinitrotetramethyldiaminodlphenylmethane 

2,'4-Dinitrotoluenesulfonic acid 

1 , 5-Dioxaiiiidoanthraquinone 

Dioxy S acid 

Diphenyl 

2,4-Diphenylamine-l-hydroxyanthraquinone 

2,<V-Diphenylaraine-l-oxyanthraquinone 

Diphenyloarbazide 

Diphenylene oxide 

Diphenyl epsilon acid 

Diphenyl ether 

Diphenyl ketone 

Diphenyljnethanol 

Diphenyl oxide ' 

Diphenyl silicon diohloride 

Dipyrazoledianthrone 

1 , 3-Di -p-to luid ineanthr aquinone 

l.A-Di-p-toluidineanthraquinone 

1. 3-Di (p-to lylajnino)anthraquinone 

1,4-Di-p-tolylaminoaiithraquinone 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



N-Ethanol-N-ethyl-4-nitrosoaniline 

2-Ethanolpyridine 

2-Ethoxyaniline 

■i-Ethoxy aniline 

2-Ethoxy-6-sulfonaphthalene 

Ethyl-p-aminobenzoate 

Ethyl -o -amino -p-cresol 

Ethylaniline (mono ) 

N,N-Ethylbenzylaniline 

Ethylbenzylanilinesulfonic acid 

Ethylbenzyl-m-toluidine 

Ethylbenzyl-m-toluidine-o-sulfonic acid 

Ethylene lycol raonophenylether 

Ethyl hydrol 

Ethyl ketone base 

2-(N-Ethyl-2-methoxy-5-nitrophenyldia2oamino)-5-sul- 

fon, 

5-Ethyl-2-methylpyridine 

2-(N-Ethyl)-5-nitro-o-anisyldiazoamlno-5-sulfo- 

benzoic acid, 

p-Ethylnitrobenzene 

Ethyl p-nitrobenzoate 

Ethyl -p-nltrobenzoylacetate 

Ethyl phenyl ether 

Ethyl salicyl carbonate 

Ethylsulfobenzylaniline '■ 

N-Ethyl-o-toluidine-p-sulfonic acid 



Fast red TR base- 
p -Formy Inni 1 ine — 



Homoveratric acid. 

2 ' , 5 ' -Dimethoxybenzanilide . 

2 , "i-Di (p-anisyl ) -3-ethylhex'ine. 

2,'i-Di(p-anisyl)-3-ethylhexene. 

3,4-Di(p-anisyl)hexane, 

Acetoxylidide. 

Adrenalone. 

m-Dimethylaminophenol, 

Xylidine. 

Xylene. 

p-Toluenesulfono-o-toluidide. 

6-tert-Butyl-2,'i-dimf thylaoetophenone. 

5-tert-Butyl-m-xylene. 

2,8-Dimethyl-13p-hydroxy-9(13P)-oeroxenone. 

2,2'-Dimethyl-l,l'-bianthraquinone. 

1,1' -Iminobis [2-methylanthraquinone] . 

2' ,7' -Diraethylfluoran. 

Dimethyl-l,3-cyclohexanedione. 

N,N-Dimethyl-l-naphthylamine. 

m-Toluquinaldine. 

Violanthrene. 

Violanthrone . 

p -Dini trobenzene . 

ra-Dinitrobenzene. 

l-Chloro-2,'i -dini trobenzene. 

4-Chloro-3,5-dinitrobenzenesulfonic acid. 

4-Chloro-3,5-dinitrobenzoic acid. 

4-Chloro -2 , 6 -d ini trophenol . 

2-Cyclohexyl^,6-dinitrophenol. 

1 , 1' -Iminodi-4-nitroanthraquinone. 

Dinitro(3,3' -bi-7-benzL de.' anthracen)-7,7'-dione. 

p_(2,<4-Dinitroanilino)phenol. 

p,p' -Methylenebis[N,N-dimethyl-2-nitroaniline] . 

3,5-Dinitro-o-toluenesulfonic acid, 

N,N'-(l,5-Anthraquinone)dioxamic acid. 

•i , 5 -Dihydroxy-l -naphtha lene sulf oni c acid. 

Biphenyl, 

2,4-Dianilino-l-hydroxyanthraquinone. 

2,'4-Dianilino-l-hydroxyanthraquinone. 

1,5-Diphenylcarbohydrazide. 

Dibenzofuran, 

8-Diphenylamino-l,6-naphthalenedi sulfonic acid. 

Phenyl ether. 

Benzophenone. 

Benzhydrol, 

Phenyl ether. 

Dichlorophenylsilane. 

Pyrazole anthrone yellow. 

l,3-Di-p-(toluidino)anthraquinone. 

l,4-Di-p-(toluidino)anthraquinone. 

1 , 3-Dl-p-( toluidino )anthraquinone, 

l,'i-Di-p-(toluidino)anthraquinone, 

2-(N-Ethyl-4-nitrosoanilino)ethanol. 

2-PyTidineethanol. 

o-Phenetidine, 

p-Phenetidine. 

6-Ethoxy-2-naphthalenesulfonio acid. 

p-Aminobenzoic acid, ethyl ester. 

3-Ethylamino -p-cresol. 

N-Ethylaniline. 

N-Ethyl-N-phenylbenzylamine. 

a-(N-Ethylanilino)-p-toluenesulfonic acid. 

N-Benzyl-N-ethyl-m-toluidine. 

'i-( N-Benzyl -N-ethy lamino ) -o-toluenesulf onic ac id . 

2 -Phenoxye thano 1 . 

4,4' -Bis(diethylamino)benzhydrol, 

4,4' -Bis{diethylamino)benzophenone. 

2-[ 3-Ethyl-l-(5-nitro-o-anisyl)-3-triazene] -5-sulfo- 

benzoic acid. 
5-Ethyl-2-picoline. 
2-[3-Ethyl-l-(5-nitro-o-anisyl)-3-triazeneT -5-siiIfo- 

benzoio acid. 
1 -Ethyl -4-nitrobenzene. 
p-Nitrobenzoic acid, ethyl ester, 
p-Nitrobenzoylncetic acid, ethyl ester, 
Phenetole, 

o,o'-Carbonyldioxydibenzoic acid, diethyl ester. 
a-(N-Ethylanilino)-p-toluenesulfonic acid. 
3-Ethylamino-p-toluenesulfonic acid. 

5-Chloro-o-toluidine. 
p-Aminobenzaldehyde. 



176 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous nc'mes — Continued 



Common narrie 



p-Formyl-N,N-diethylaniline- 



C acid 

Canrnia acid 

Gajrana diculfo acid 

Clycerolmonoe thy lani line - 



H acid 

Halocrin 

Hexahydrobenzoic acid 

Hexahydropyridine 

Horaoveratrylaniine 

1,2-1,2-Hydrazinedibromoanthraquinone 

Hydrol 

Hydroquiiione dimethyl ether — 

o-Hydroxybenzyl benzoate, caleiijiii 

7-Hydroxycoumarin 

<i-Hydroxydiphenyl 

P-Hydroxyethyl-o-chloroaniline 

Hydroxyethylethylaniline 

Hyriroxyethylme thy lani line 

Hydro xyethyl-3-toluidine 

2-Hydroxy-3-raethoxybenzaldehyde — 

2-Hydroxy-3-methylbenzoie acid 

2-Hydroxy-^-methylbenzoic acid 

7-Hydroxy— 4-mothylcoumarin 

2 -Hydroxy -5-nitroaoetanilide 

p-Hydroxyphenylarsonic acid 

p-Hydroxyphenyl -n-butylamine 

3-Hydroxyquinoline 



It- 



I acid 

I acjd imide 

Isobuty] p-nitrobenzoate 

Isod ibenzanthrone 

p-Isoprcpy lani line 

p-Isopropylbenzaldehyde 

Isopropylbenzene 

Isjpropyl p-to] uenesulfonate- 



'jcid 

acid imide- 
acid urea — 



K acid 

Koch's acid- 



Laki? rcl C amine 

Lauren I' :■ acid 

Lend atyphna lo 

I.i^ad trini troresorc inate 

Leu<;o-L,-'.-(-li(m"thylamino)anthraquinon'^ 

Leiicoindophenol BCFN 

Limoneni^ 



s-ilt- 



:id — 



Me than 
Methari 

o-Mcthoxyacetani lide 

p-Methoxyacetani lide 

/, -M.-Hioxy—'. '-aminodiphenylamine 

2-Methoxy— 4-aminodiphenylamine-2-sulfonic 

Me thoxyanll ine 

Me Lhoxybenzene 

p-Methoxybenzoic acid 

■ ^-Methoxy-3'-chloro-6 '-carboxydiphenylajnine, potan- 
siiim salt, 

2 -Me thoxy-h ,9-dichloroacrid i no 

'. '-We I. hoxy— 4 -ni trod iphonylaraino-2' -sulfonic acid 

Methoxy-ome.'a-;:ulfonic acid 

6-Molhoxy-m-toliiidine 

"i-Mc'thyl-^. -aminodiphenylamine-2-K\ilfonlc acid 

Mc thylajnino:;ulfobenzoic acid 

o -Me thy] aniline 

Moth,. 1 ani line(mono ) 

2 -Me thy Ibenzanthrone 

2'-Motliyl-3-benzidinof;nlloriic acid 

Ml thylenobisfN-p-iS-chloro-o-anisylazophenyl )lmino- 
acntic aoidl, dl.':odiiim salt. 

Methylcnebis(methylaminoantipyrine) 

Mi.'Lhyli-nebi;:( toluenodi.'iminc) 

.'-Mfrthyi-'j -ethyl pyridine 

.-Methyl -7-hydroxycoumarin 

Mt ihyl-p-hydroxy-m-nilrobcnzoatn 

Mi'l.n, lptinMylpyr'iZoioni>-3-:;iill'oni(; .acid 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



I 



p-Diethylaminobenzaldehyde. 

2-Naphthol-6,8-disulfonic acid. 
7-Araino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
7-Araino-l-naphtho 1 -3 , 6-d isulf onic ac id . 
3-(N-Ethylanilino)-l,2-propanediol. 



8-Amiiio-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 
6,9-Dichloro-2-methoxyacridine. 
Cyi'lohexanecarboxylic acid. 

Piperidine. 

', .-Dirapthoxyphenethylamine. 

7,16 -Dibromo ind anthrene , 

p,p' -Bis(diraethylaMino)benzhydrol. 

p-Dimethoxybenzene. 

Saligenin benzoate, calcium salt. 

Umbelliferone. 

p -Pheny Ipheno 1 . 

2 - ( Chloroani lino ) ethanol . 

2-(N-Ethylanilino )ethanol. 

2-(N-Methylanilino)ethanol. 

2-(ra-loluidino)eth.anol. 

o-Vanillin. 

2,3-Cresotic acid. 

2,4-Cresotic acid, 

^-Methylumbelliferone. 

2-Acetamido^-nitrophenol. 

p-Hydroxybenzonearsonic acid. 

p-Amino-N-(n-butyl) -phenol. 

8-Quinolinol. 

6-Araino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 

6,b'-lminobis[l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid], 

p-Nitrobcnzoic acid, isobutyl ester. 

Isoviolnnthrone, 

Cumidine. 

Cumaldehyde. 

Cumene. 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid, isopropyl ester. 

6 -Amino -1 -naphtho 1-3-sulfonic acid. 
6,6'-Iminobis[l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid] . 
6,6'-Ureylenebis[l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid]. 

8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,5-disulfonic acid. 
8-Amino-l, 3, 6-naphthalenetr isulf onic acid. 

2-Amino-5-chloro-p-tolueneEulfonic acid. 

5-Araino-l-naphthalenesulfonio acid. 

Styphnic acid, lead salt. 

Styphnie acid, lead salt. 

l,.'.-Dimethylamino-9,in-anthradiol. 

•'.-(p-Dimethylaminoanilino)-l-naphthol. 

Dipentene, 



p,p'-Methylenebis;[N,N-diethylaniline] . 

^,i'-Meth,vlenebis[3-hydroxy -2 -naphthoic acid]. 

o-Acetaninidide. 

p-Acetanisidide. 

N-(p-Ani:;yl )-p-phenylenediamine. 

o-(i-Amino-2 -ani sidino)benzenesulf onic acid. 



Ani 



idir 



Ani sole. 

Ani.Tic acid. 

N-(p-Aiii.'iyl)-.-chloroanthranilic acid, pota^jsium 

salt. 
b,9-Dichloro-2-methoxyacridine. 
2-p-Anir:idino-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid, 
o -An isidinome thane sulfonic acid. 
5-Mcthyl-o-anisidino[NH2=l] . 
6-p-Toluidinomotanilic acid. 
N-Methyl-5-.sulfoanthranilic acid. 
o-Toluidine. 
N-Methylaniline. 

2-Methyl-7-benz[de]anthracen-7-one. 
S-Amino-2-('4-amino-m-toluidlno)benzenesulfonic ac 
N,N'-Mcthylenebi;!tN-p-(5-chloro-o-anisylazo)phen.v 

jTlycinc], disodium i^alt. 
N,N'-Methylenebi.':[''.-methylaminoantipyTincl, 
'i, "i '-Me thy lenebis[toluene-2,'i -diamine] . 
:'-Ethyl-2-picoline. 

.-Methylumbelliferone, 
p-Hydroxy-m-nitrobenzoic acid, methyl e;ter. 

t-Methyl-l-(m-.';'ilfophcnyl)-5-pyrazolone. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 



177 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names- -Cont iniied 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



MethylphenylpyTazolone-<i-sulfonio acid- 

2-Methylpiperidine 

Methvlpyridine 

2-Methylquinoline 

Methyl-p-toluenesulfonate 

P-Methylumbelliferone 

Miohler ' s hydrol 

Mlchler ' s ketone 

Mixed oresols, refined 

Monobromobenzene 



Monoohlorobenzene Chlorobenzene (mono 



Naphthalene sodium sulfonates 

Naphthalene-|3-thiorlycolio aoid 

o-Naphthionio acid 

a-Naphthol 

P-Naphthol 

l-Naphthol-8-chloro-3,6-disulfonic aoid 

2-Naphthol ethyl ether 

2-Naphtholthioindoxyl 

Naphthosulfoehloride 

Naphthylacetonitrile 

a-Naphthylamine 

P-Naphthylamine 

l-Naphthylamine-3,6-disulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-3,8-disulfonic aoid 

l-Naphthylamine-'4,7-di sulfonic acid 

1 -Naphthy lamine -^ , 8-d i sulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamlne-l,5-disulfonic aoid 

2-Naphth,v'lamine-3,6-disulfonio acid 

2-Naphthyiamine-4,8-disulfonio aoid 

2-Naphthylaraine-5,7-disulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-6,8-disulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylaraine-2-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylaraine-3-sulf onic acid 

l-Naphthylainine-4-sulfonio acid 

l-Naphthylaniine-5-sulfonic aoid 

l-Naphthylajiiine-6-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylainine-6(and 7)-sulfonio acid 

l-Naphthylamine-7 -sulfonic aoid 

l-Naphthylamine-8-sulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-l-sulfonic aoid 

2 -Naphthy laraine -5 -sulfonic aoid 

2-Naphthylamine-6-sulfonio aoid : 

2-Naphthylamine-8-sulfonio acid 

l-Naphthylamine-3,6.8-trisulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylainine-3,6,8-trisulfonic aoid 

l-Naphthylamino-2-carboxylic aoid anthraquinone 

a -Naphthyl isocyanate 

Naph thy Imethane sulfonic acid 

P -Naphthylthioglycolio aoid 

Nevlle and Winther's acid 

3-Nitro-^-aminoanisole 

'4-Nltro-2-aminoanisole 

5-Nitro-2-aminoanisole 

6-Nitro-2-ajninoanisole 

o-Nitro-p-aminophenol 

p-Nitro-o-aminophenol 

S-Nitro-o-aminophenol 

4-Nitro-2-aminophenol-6-sulfonio aoid 

6-Nitro-2-aminophenol-4-sulfonic aoid 

4-Nitro-4' -amino-2-sulfodiphenylainine 

5 -Nitro -2 -amino toluene 

p-Nitroaniline-o-sulfonic acid 

ra-Nitro-p-anisidine 

3-Nitro-p-anisidine 

'i-Nltro-2-anisidine 

5-Nitro-2-anisidine 

2-Nitroanisole-i-sulfodiethylamide 

9-Nitroanthra( 1,9, 4,10 )bis( 1,2,3 )oxathiazine-2.7-bis- 
dioxide. 

l-Nitroanthraquinone-2-oarboxylio aoid 

Nitrobenzene-2,5-disulfonic acid 

l-Nltrobenzene-4-sulfonic acid 

2-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

3-Nitrobenzenesulfonic aoid 

3-Nltrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

m-Nitrobenzoyl J acid 

p-Nitrobenzoyl J aoid 

m-Nitrochlorobenzene 

o-Nitrochlorobenzene 

p-Nitroohlorobenzene 

2-Nitro-l-ohlorobenzene-4-sulfobutylainide 



3-Methyl-l-(p-sulfophenyl) -5 -pyrazolone. 

2-Pipecoline. 

Picoline. 

Quinaldine, 

p-Toluenesulfonio aoid, methyl ester. 

<i-Methylurabelliferone. 

4.4' -BisTdiraethylamino] benzhydrol, 

4 , 4' -Bis [dime thy laminol benzophenone . 

Cresylio acid, refined, 

Bromobenzene. 



Naphthalenesulfonio acids, sodium salt (mixed). 
2-Naphthylmeroaptoacetio aoid. 
l-Amino-2 -naphthalenesulfonio acid. 
1-Naphthol. 
2-Naphthol. 

8-Chloro-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 
2-Ethoxynaphthalene. 

|i -( 2 -[{yd roxynaphthy 1 ) -3 -thi anaphtheno 1 . 
1-Naphthalenesulfonyl chloride. 
Naphthaleneacetonitrile, 
1-Naphthylamine. 
2-Naphthylamine. 

5-Amino-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonio acid. 
8-Amino-l,6-naphthalenedisulfonio acid. 
4-Amino-l , 6-naphthalenedisulf onic ac id . 
4-Anino-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonio acid. 
2-Amino-l, 5 -naphthalenedi sulfonic aoid. 
3 -Amino -2, 7-naphthalenedi sulfonic acid. 
3-Amino-l, 5 -naphthalened i sulfonic ao id . 
6-Amino-l, 3-naphthalenedisulf onic acid. 
7-Amino-l , 3-naphthalenedisulf onic ao id . 
l-Amino-2 -naphthalenesulfonio acid. 
4-Amino-2 -naphthalenesulfonio acid. 
Naphthionic aoid. 

5 -Amino -1 -naphthalenesulfonio aoid, 
5-Amino-2 -naphthalenesulfonio acid. 
5(and 8)-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonio acid. 
8-Amino-2 -naphtha lenesulf onic aoid. 
8-Amino-l -naphthalenesulfonio aoid. 
2 -Amino -1 -naphthalenesulfonio acid. 
6-Amino-l -naphtha lenesulf onic aoid. 
6-Amino-2 -naphtha lenesulf onic aoid. 
7-Amino-l -naphthalenesulfonio acid. 
8-Amino-l, 3, 6-naphthalenetrisulfonio acid. 
7-Amino-l, 3, 6-naphthalenetrisulf onic aoid. 
l-(l-Naphthylamino)-2-anthraquinoneoarboxylio acid. 
1-Naphthyl isocyanate. 
Naphthalenemethanesulfonio aoid, 
2-Naphthylmercaptoacetio aoid, 
l-Naphthol-4-sulfonic acid, 
2-Nitro-p-anisidine, 
5-Nitro-o-anisidine, 
4-Nitro-o-anisidine. 
3-Nitro-o-anisidine. 
4-Amino-2-nitrophenol, 
2-Amino-4-nitrophenol. 
2-Amino-5-nitrophenol. 

2-Amano-4-nitro-l-phenol-6-sulfonio acid. 
2-Amino-6-nitro-l -phenol -4 -sulfonic acid. 
2-(p-Aminoanilino)-5-nitrobenzenesulfonio acid. 
4-Nitro-o-toluidine. 
2-Amino-5-nitrobenzenesulfonio aoid. 
2-Nitro-p-anisidine. 
2-Nitro-p-anisidine. 
5-Nitro-o-anisidine. 
4-Nitro-o-anisidine. 

N,N-Diethyl-3-nitro-p-anlsolesulfonamide. 
9-Nitroanthra[l,9-de,4,10-d'e'l bis [1,2, JJoxathiazine- 
2,7-blsdioxide. 
l-Nitro-2-anthraquinoneoarboxylio acid, 
2 -Nitro-p-bonzeiiodi sulfonic acid, 
p-Nitrobenzenesulfonio aoid. 
o-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid. 
m-Nitrobenzenes\ilfonic acid. 
m-Nitrobenzcnesulfonyl chloride. 
6-(m-Nitrobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonie icid. 
6-(p-Nitrobonzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic aoid. 
1-Chloro -3 -nitrobenzene. 
l-Chloro-2 -nitrobenzene. 
1 -Chloro — 4-ni trobenzene . 
N-Butyl— i-chloro-'-nitrobenzenc^-'ilfonamide. 



178 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names— Continued 



2-Nitro-l-ohlorobenzene— 4-sulfodiethylaraide 

o-Nitrochlorobenzene-p-sulfonio acid 

p-Nitrochlorobenzene-o -sulfonic acid 

3-Nitro^-chloroben2oylbenzoic acid 

4-Nitro-6-ehloro-l,3-di]iiethoxybenzene 

2-Nitro-4-chlorophenol 

2-Nitro-^-chlorophenol-6-sulfonic acid 

m-Nitro-p-chloro toluene 

o-Nitro-p-chlorotoluene 

p-Nitro-o-chloro toluene 

2-Nitro-4-ohlorotoluene 

m-Nitro-p-cresol ■ 

Nitrocresyl methyl ether 

Ni tro -p -d i chlorobenzene 

o-Nitrodiphenyl 

p-Nitrodiphenyl 

'4-Nltro-2-diphenylainine-sulfonio acid 

•4-Nitrodiphenylamino-2-sulfonic acid 

2-Nitrohydroquinone, diethyl ether 

2-Nitrohydroquinone, dimethyl ether 

3-Nitro-4-hydroxy-l-phenylarsonic acid 

6-Nitro -4 -methoxy-3-amino toluene 

2-Nltro-^-methoxy-5-(p-toluenesulfonamido)toluene- 

"i-Nitro-l-methylaniline 

l-Nitro-2-methylanthraquinone 

2-Nitronaphthalene-4,8-disulfonic acid 

7-Nitro-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

"i-Nltronaphthalic acid tolylimide 

3-Nitrophenylhydrazine ■ 

l-(m-Nitrophenyl )-5-pyTazolone-3-carboxylic acid — 

Nitropyrazolonecarboxylic acid 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



p-Nitrosodiethylaniline 

p-Nitrosodimethylaniline 

Nitroso-p-naphthol 

3-Nitro-5-stearoylamino-p-toluenesulfonio acid 

i-Nitrotolueneanilide 

6-Nitro-3-(p-toluenesulfone)amino-4-methoxytoluene 

4'-Nitro-p-toluenesulfone-o-toluide 

o-Nitrotoluenesulfonic acid 

p -Ni trotoluene -o -sulfonic acid 

m-Nltro-o-toluidine 

m-Nitro-p-toluidine 

p-Nitro-o-toluidine 

3-Nitro-4-toluidine , 

'i-Nitro-2-toluidine 

5-Nitro-2-toluidine 

Nitrotoluidine sulfone 



5-Nitro-o-toluidine-4-sulfonic acid- 

5-Nitro-l,2,'i-trichloroben2ene 

Nitroviolanthrene 

p-Nitro-o-xylene 

'i-Nitro-l,3-xylene 

2-Nitro-l,^-xylol 

'l-Nltro-l , 3-xylol 



Qrthanilic acid 

Oxalyl-p-nitroaniline 

Oxalyl-m-phenylenediamine- 
Oxalyl-p-phenylenediamine- 
Oxo-l,<i-pyran-2,6-dicarboxylio acid- 
2-Oxycarbazole- 
a-Oxynaphthoic acid- 
p-Oxynaphthoic acid- 




Perl acid- 

Pherie thy Ima Ionic acid, diethyl ether- 

l-Phenylacetylcarbinol 

P-Phenylacrylophenone 

2-Phenylamlne-5-n.iphthol-7 -sulfonic ncid 

2-Phenylamine-8-naphthol-6-sulfonic acid — 
N-Phenylaniline 

Phenylarsonic acid 

Phenylbiphenyl 

Phenyl bromide 

l-Phenyl-3-carboxy-5-pyrazolone-4-sulfonlc 



Phenyldiethanolamine 

m-Phenylenedlaminedisulfonlc acld- 

m-Phenylenedlamlnesulfonic acid 

P-Phenylenediaminesulfonic acid 



<;-Chloro-N,N-diethyl-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamide. 
4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid. 
2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid. 
o-('i-Chloro-3-nitrobenzoyl)benzoic acid. 
6-Chloro-l , 3-d ijnethoxy -4 -nitrobenzene. 
4— Chloro-2-nitrophenol. 

4-Chloro-2-nitro-l-phenol-6-sulfonic acid, 
4-Chloro-3-nitro toluene. 
■4 -Chloro-2-ni tro toluene. 
2-Chloro-4-nitrotoluene. 
'i-Chloro-2-nitro toluene. 
2-Nitro-p-cresol. 
■i-Methyl-o-nitroanisole. 
1,4-Diohloro -2 -nitrobenzene. 
2-Nitrobiphenyl. 
4-Nitrobiphenyl. 

2-Anilino-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid. 
2-Anilino-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid. 
1,4-Dlethoxy -2 -nitrobenzene. 
1,4-Dimethoxy -2 -nitrobenzene. 
4-Hydroxy-3-nitro-l-ben2enearsonic acid. 
■4-Methyl-5-nitro-o-anisidine. 

N-(5-Methyl-4-nitro-o-anisyl)-p-toluenesulfonamide, 
5-Nitro-o-toluidine. 
2-Methyl-l-nitroanthraquinone. 
3 -Ni tro -1 , 5 -naphthalenedisulf onic ac id . 
3-Nitro-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
4-Ni tro -N-toly Inaphthalimide . 
m-Nitrophenylhydrazine. 

l-(m-Nitrophenyl)-5-oxo-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic 
acid. 

l-(m-Nitrophenyl)-5-oxo-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic 

acid. 
N,N-Diethyl-p-nitrosoaniline. 
N,N-Dimethyl-p-nitrosoaniline. 
l-Nitroso-2-naphthol. 

3-Nitro-5-stearoylamido-p-toluenesulfonic acid. 
2-Methyl-5-nitrodiphenylamine. 

N-(5-Methyl-4-nitro-o-anisyl)-p-toluenesulfonamide. 
N-(4-Nitro-o-tolyl)-p-toluenesulfonamide. 
3-Nitro-p-toluenesulfonic acid. 
5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonic acid. 
4-Nitro-o-toluidine, 
2-Nitro-p-toluidine. 
5-Nitro-o-toluidine. 
2-Nitro-p-toluidine. 
5-Nitro-o-toluidine. 
4-Nitro-o-toluidine. 
4"-Nitro-p-toluenesulfono-o-toluide. 
3-Araino-5-nitro-p-toluenesulfonic acid. 
1.2,4-Trichloro-5-nitrobenzene. 
16-Nitroviolanthrone . 
4-Ni tro -o -xylene. 
"i-Nitro-m-xylene. 
2-Nitro-p-xylene. 
4-Nitro-ra-xylene. 

o-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid. 
N,N'-Di(p-nitrophenyl)oxamide. 
N, N '-Di (m-aminopheny 1 )oxaiiiide . 
N, N '-Di (p-aminophenyl )oxaraide. 
Chelidonic acid. 
2 -Hy droxycarbazo le . 
l-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid. 
3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid. 

l,4,5,8-Tetrakis[l',l",l"',]""-anthraquinonyl- 

aminol anthraqulnone . 
8-AmIno-l -naphtha lenesulf onic acid. 
Ethylphenylmalonic acid, diethyl ester. 
l-Hydroxy-l-phenyl-2-propanone. 
Chalcone. 

6-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
7-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
Dlphenylamine. 
Benzenenrsonic acid. 
Terphenyl. 
Bromobenzene . 

5-Oxo-"l-(p-Gulfophenyl)-2-pyrazoline-3-cnrboxy]ic 

acid. 
2 . 2 '-(Phenyl imino )d iethanol. 
4, 6 -Diamine -m-benzenedlsulf onic acid. 
2,4-Diaminobenzenesulfonlc acid. 
2.5-Diaminobenzenesulfonic acid. 



^ 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 

Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names- -Cr>nt irwu 



179 



Ccmmon name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



Phenylene nerol acid 

Phenylethanolamine 

Phenylethylmalonic ester 

Phenyl f;amma acid 

Phenylhydrazine-p-sulfonic acid 

Phen,Ylhydrazine-2 -sulfonic acid 

Phenylhydrazine-3-sulfonio acid 

N-Phenyl-N'-({' -hydroxyethyl) thiourea 

Phenyl isocyanate 

Phenyl J acid 

Phenylmalonic ester 

Pheny Ime thane sulfoni c acid 

N-Phenyl-1-naphthylaraine-S-sulfonic acid 

a -Phenyl -p -( 4-oxophenyl )propionic acid 

Phenyl peri acid 

N-Phenyl-p-phenylenediaminesulfonic acid 

l-Phenyl-5-pyrazolone-3-carboxylio acid, ethyl ester- 



Phenyl silicon chloride 

1-Phenyl— 4-sulfo-5-pyrazolone-3-oarboxylio acid- 



Phthalyl chloride 

Piperidinopropyl alcohol 

Polychlorodiphenyl 

Potassium-3-chloro-6-oarboxy-3-methoxydiphenylamine- 



n-Propyl p-nitrobenzoate- 

Pyrazo Ian throne 

Pyrazolone C 

Pyrazolone T 



Quinophthalone- 



R acid 

2R acid 

Red KB base 

Rhoduline acid- 



S acid 

2S(SS) acid 

Schaeff er' s acid 

Silver salt 

Sodium oarbolate 

Sodium naphthionate 

Sodium phenate 

Sodium -o-phenylphenolate 

Sodium tetrachlorophenolate 

Sodium trichlorophenolate 

Sulfo BB acid 

o-Sulfobenzaldehyde 

l-Sulfo-5-nitroanthraquinone 

Sulfopheny Ime thy Ipyrazo lone 

l-(p-Sulfophenyl)-5-pyTazolone-3-carboxylic acid- 



Tetraaminoditoly Ime thane 

Tetrachloroquinone 

Tetraethyldiaminobenzhydrol 

Tetraethyldiaminobenzophenone 

Tetraethyldlaminodiphenylmethane 

Tetraethyldiaminotriphenylmethane 

Tetramethyldiaminoacrid ine hydrochloride 

Tetramethyldiaminobenzophenone — ' 

Tetramethyldiaminobenzoylhydrol 

Tetramethyldiaminodipheny Ime thane 

Tetramethyldiaminodiphenylmethanesulfonic acid and 

salt. 

Tetramethyldiaminotriphenylraethane 

Thioaniline 

Thioanilinedisulfonic acid 

p I p' -Thiobis (<i-amino-o-benzenesulf onic acid ) 

Thiosalioylic acid -. 

Tobias acid 

Tolazine base 

o-Tolidinedisulfonio acid 

a-Toluamide '. 

p-Toluenesulfochloride 

4-Toluenesulfonamido-l-aminoanthraquinonesulfonio 

acid, 

'i-Toluic acid 

a-Tolulc acid 

i-Toluidine-a-sulfanilide 

m-Toluidine-o-sulfonio acid 



6-(p-Aminoanilino)metanilic acid. 
2-Anilinoethanol. 

Ethylphenylmalonic acid, diethyl ester. 
7-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
p-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonio acid, 
o-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid. 
m-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid. 
l-(2-Hydroxye thy l)-3-phenyl-2 -thiourea. 
Isocyanic acid, phenyl ester. 
6-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonio acid, 
Phenylmalonic acid, diethyl ester, 
a-Toluenesulfonic acid. 
8-Anilino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
P-(p-Hydroxyphenyl)-a-phenylpropionio acid. 
8-Anilino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
5-Amino-2-anilinobenzenesulfonio acid. 
5-0xo-l-phenyl-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid, ethyl 

ester. 
Triohlorophenylsilane. 
5-Oxo-l-(p-sulfophenyl)-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic 

acid. 
Phthaloyl chloride. 
1 -Piper id inepropanol, 
Polychlorob ipheny 1 , 
2-(m-Anisyl)-4-chloroanthranilio acid, potassium 

salt. 
p-Nitrobenzoic acid, n-propyl ester. 
Anthra L 1 , 9 J pyrazol-6 ( 2 ) -one . 
3-Methyl-l-(p-sulfophenyl)-5-pyTazolone. 
5-0xo-l-(p-sulfophenyl)-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic 

acid, 

2,2' -(l,3-Indandione)quinoline, 

2-Naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 

7-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 

4-Chloro-o-toluidine, 

6,6^ -Iminobis[ l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid] , 

8-Araino-l-naphthol-5-sulfonic acid. 
8-Amino-l-naphthol-5,7-disulfonic acid. 
2-Naphthol-6-sulfonic acid. 
2-Anthraquinonesulfonic acid, sodium salt. 
Phenol, sodium salt. 
Naphthionic acid, sodium salt. 
Phenol, sodium salt. 
o-Phenylphenol, sodium salt. 
2,3,'4,6-Tetrachlorophenol, sodium salt. 
2,'4,5-Trichlorophenol, sodium salt. 
<i-Sulfo-o-benzoylbenzoic acid, 
o-Formylbenzenesulfonic acid. 
5-Nitro-l-anthraquinonesulfonic acid, 
3-Methyl-l-p-sulfophenyl-5-pyrazolone. 
5-0xo-l-(p-sulfophenyl)-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic 
acid, 

5,5' -Methylenebis[toluene-2,4-diamine] . 

Chloranil. 

■4,4' -Bisfdiethylaminojbenzhydrol, 

•iji'-Bisfdiethylaminojhenzophenone. 

p,p'-Methylenebis[N,N-diethylanilinel . 

p,p' -Benzylidenebisf N,N-diethylaniline] . 

2,7-Bis[dimethylaminol acridine hydrochloride. 

4,4' -Bis[dimethylamino]benzophenone. 

4,4' -Bis[dimethylamino]benzhydrol. 

p,p'-Methylenebis[N,N-dimethylaniline] . 

Bis[p-dimethylaminophenyl]methanesulfonic acid and 

salt, 
p,p' -Benzylidinebis[N,N-dimethylaniline] . 
p,p' -Thiodianiline, 
6,6'-Thiodimetanilic acid, 
6,6'-Thiodimetanilio acid, 
o-Mercaptohenzoic acid, 
2-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid, 
3-Amino-6-hydroxy-2-methylphenazine, 
2,2' -Diamino-5,5'-bi-m-toluenesulfonic acid, 
a-Phenylacetamide, 
p-Toluenesulfonyl chloride, 
l-Araino-4-(p-toluenesulfonamldo ) -2-anthraquinone- 

sulfonic acid. 
p-Toluic acid, 
Phenylaeetic acid, 
o-Aminobenzenesulfon-p-toluide, 
4-Amino-o-toluenesulfonic acid. 



180 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



jiossary of nynonymu'i: 



Common name 



•n'-^r^ (Chemical Abstracts) name 



m-Toluidine-p-3uli'onic acid 

c-Toluidine-m-sulf jnic acid 

o-Tolu id ine-omef^a -sulfonic acid 

p-Toluidine-m-sulfonic acid 

p-Toluidine-o-sulfonic acid 

p-Toluidine-o-sull'onic acid, isopropyl ester- 

3-Toluidine-6-sulfonic acid 

a-Tolunitrile 

<i-Tolunitrile 

p -To lyl-o -benzoic acid 

o-Tolylcarbinol 

p-m-Tolylenediamine 

4-in-Tolylenediaraine 

5-m-Tolylenediamine 

m-To ly lened iaminesulf onic ac id 

Tolyl peri acid 

2,'4,6-Triajninobenzene trihydrochloride 

2,4,6-Triaiiiinotoluene trihydrochloride 

Trianthraquinonyldi-imide 

1,4-rrianthriraide 

1,2,4-Trihydroxyanthraquinone 

1,2,6-Trihydroxyanthraquinone 

1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene 

2,'4,6-Trimethylpyridine 

Trinitrophenol 

2,4,6-Trinitroresorcin 

1,2 , 4-Trioxyanthraquinone 

Triphenyl silicon chloride 



3,3' -Ureyleneani 1 ine - 



Vinylb 



2 . 4 -Xylenesulf onani lide- 

m-Xylidine acetate 

m-Xylidinesulfonic acid- 
Xylyl chloride 



2-Amino-p-toluenesulfcnic acid. 

4-Airiir.o-m-toluenesulf&nic acid, 

o-Ioluidinomethanesulfonic ^cid, 

6-Araino-m-toluenesulfonic acid. 

5-Aniino-o-toluenesulfcnic acid. 

5-Ainino-o-toluenesulfonic acid, isopropyl ester. 

4-Amino-o-toluenesuironic acid. 

Fheaylacetonltrile. 

p-Tolunitrile. 

o-(p-Tolyl)benzoic acid. 

2-Methylbenzyl alcohol. 

Toluene-2,5-diamine. 

Toluene -2, 4 -diamine. 

Tolucne-3,5-diamine. 

2,4-Diaminc -m-toluenesulfonic acid. 

8-(p-loluidino)-l-naphthaleneoulfonic acid. 

1,3,5-Benzenetriainine trih,ydrochloride. 

2,4,6-Toluenetriamine trihydrochloride. 

l,4-Bis[l-anthraquinonylaminolanthraquinone. 

l,4-Bis[l-anthraqainonylamino]anthraquinone. 

Purpurin. 

Flavopurpurin. 

Mesitylene. 

s-Collidine. 

Picric acid. 

Styphnic acid. 

1 , 2, 4-Trihydroxyanthraqulnone. 

Chlorotriphenylsilane. 

l,3-Di(m-aminophenyl)urea. 

Styrene . 

p-Toluenesulfono-o-toluidide. 
2,4-Xylidlne acetate. 
2-Amlno-3,5-xylenesulfonic acid, 
4-ChloroHii-xylene. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1953 
D. Production and Sales of Cellulose Plastics 



181 



Cellulose plastics are derived from cellulose acetate, cellulose 
propionate, cellulose butyrate, and mixtures of cellulose esters, 
and from cellulose nitrate and ethyl cellulose. The most important 
uses of cellulose plastics are in the manufacture of molded and ex- 
truded articles and accessories such as umbrella handles, toys, 
buckles, and fittings for household and automotive equipment, and 
in packaging. The statistics given in table 30 were compiled from 
the Tariff Commission's monthly reports on the production and 
sales of synthetic plastics and resin materials. 

Production of cellulose plastics as a group in 1953 amotmted to 
129 million pounds --an increase of 31.4 percent from the output 
of 98 million pounds reported for 1952. Sales in 1953 were 125 
million pounds, compared with the 97 million pounds reported for 
1952. In terms of volume of production, cellulose acetate and 
mixed ester plastics continued in 1953 to be the most important 
group of cellulose plastics. Production of these resins in 1953 was 
115 million pounds, compared with 85 million pounds in 1952. The 
output of cellulose nitrate plastics in 1953 was 7. 6 million pounds, 
compared with 6. million pounds in 1952. 



TA3LE 30. --Cellulose plastics: United States production and sales, 1953 

[in thouaands of pounds] 



Produo- 
tlon 



Cellulose plastics, ■"■ total 

Cellulose acetate and mixed esters, tot 

Sheets, under 0.003 gage 

Sheets, 0.003 gage and over 

All other sheets, rods, and tubes 

Molding and extrusion materials 

Nitrocellulose sheets, rods, and tubes- 
All other cellulose plasties^ 



128,963 



l/,472 
14,053 
5,869 
77,695 
7, 597 
6,272 



125,410 



112,434 
17,165 
13,143 
5,245 
76,881 
6,549 
6,427 



^ Includes weight of fillers, plasticizers, and extenders. 

Includes data for sheets, rods, and tubes, and molding and extrusion materials derived from ethyl 
cellulose and other cellulosic materials. 



I