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Full text of "Synthetic organic chemicals : United States production and sales"

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Given By 

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UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

United States Production 
and Sales,, 1956 



[GPO CI. No. Report No. 200 

TC 1.9: 200] * Seeond Series 




BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 9999 06317 305 6 



RECENT REPORTS OF THE UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 
ON SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1951 
(Rept. No. 175, 2d ser., 1952), 450 

*Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1952 
(Rept. No. 190, 2d ser. 1953) 

Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1953 
(Rept. No. 194, 2d ser., 1954), 550 

Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1954 
(Rept. No. 196, 2d ser., 1955), 600 

♦Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1955 
(Rept. No. 198, 2d ser., 1956) 



MISCELLANEOUS SERIES 

United States Import Duties (1952), $4.25 (subscription price) 

Fortieth Annual Report of the United States Tariff Commission (1956), 250 



NOTE.— The reports preceded by an asterisk (*) are out of print. The other reports listed 
may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, 
Washington 25, D. C. See inside back cover for other reports. All U. S. Tariff Commission 
reports reproduced by the U. S. Government Printing Office may be consulted in the official 
depository libraries throughout the United States. 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

United States Production 
and Sales, 1956 



UNDER THE GENERAL PROVISIONS 
OF TITLE III, PART II, SECTIONS 332 
AND 333 OF THE TARIFF ACT OF 1930 



UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON : 1957 



Report No. 200 • Second Series 



«Va1®-7 



UNITED STATES T'ARIFF COMMISSION 

Edgak B. BroSSARD, Chairman 
Joseph E. Talbot, Vice Chairman 
Walter R. Schreiber 
Glenn W. Sutton 
J. Weldon Jones 
William E. Dow ling 

DONN N. Bent, Secretary 



Address all communications 

UNITED STATES TAKIFF COMMISSION 

Washington 25, D. C. 



ACKNOWLEDGMENT 

In the preparation of this report, the Commission had the services 

of James H. Hibben, Henry O. Parsons, Deborah K. Emory, 

Frank Gonet, Pauline T. Eno, and other members of its staff 



For sale hy the Superintendent of Documents, l". S. Government Printing Office 
Washington 25, D. C. - Price tin cents 



CONTENTS 



Page 



Introduction "^ 

Summary ^^ 

PART I. PRODUCTION AND SALES OF TARS, TAR 
CRUDES, AND CRUDES DERIVED FROM PETRO- 
LEUM AND NATURAL GAS 



Tars 



1 



Tar crudes "^ 

Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical 

conversion ^ 

PART II. PRODUCTION AND SALES OF INTER- 
MEDIATES AND FINISHED SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS, BY GROUPS 



7 
10 
15 



General 

Cyclic intermediates 

Dye s 

Toners and lakes 28 

Medicinals 33 

Flavor and perfume materials 37 

Plastics and resin materials '^O 

Rubber-processing chemicals 44 

Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) '4" 

Plasticizers '*' 

Surface -active agents '*' 

Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals 51 

Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals ^3 

PART III. ALPHABETICAL LIST OF INDIVIDUAL 

PRODUCTS, BY GROUPS, AND NAMES OF 

MANUFAC TUR ERS 

Tar crudes 5° 

Crude products fronn petroleum and natural gas for chemical 

conversion oO 

Cyclic intermediates "2 

Dyes 81 

Toners and lakes 98 

Medicinals 105 

Flavor and perfume materials 119 

Plastics and resin nnaterials 124 

Rubber-processing chemicals 127 

Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) 129 

Plasticizers 129 

Surface -active agents 132 

Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals 138 

Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals 141 

ICQ 

Directory of manufacturers ■'-'° 



iii 



iV CONTENTS 

APPENDIX 

Page 

A. United States imports of coal-tar intermediates and 

finished coal-tar products 175 

B. Research workers and research expenditures in the 

synthetic organic chemical industry 176 

C. Glossary of synonymous names of cyclic intermediates - 177 

D. Production and sales of cellulose plastics 192 



i 



Introduction 

This is the fortieth annual report of the United States Tariff 
Commission on production and sales in the United States of synthetic 
organic chemicals and the raw materials from which they are made. 
The report gives statistics for 1956 on production and sales of crude 
organic chemicals derived from coal, natural gas, and petroleum, 
of intermediates, and of finished synthetic organic chemical prod- 
ucts. The finished products are grouped according to their princi- 
pal use--dyes, toners and lakes, medicinals, flavor and perfume 
materials, plastics and resin materials, rubber-processing chemi- 
cals, elastomers, plasticizers, surface -active agents, pesticides 
and other organic agricultural chemicals, and miscellaneous chemi- 
cals. With a few exceptions, the report does not cover organic 
chemicals (such as wood-distillation products, essential oils, and 
naval stores) that are derived from natural (vegetable) sources by 
simple extraction or distillation. The Commission has compiled the 
statistics presented in this report from information supplied by the 
620 primary manufacturers listed in part III. 

The raw materials referred to in this report are obtained from 
coal, crude petroleum, natural gas, and certain other natural nraate- 
rials, such as vegetable oils, fats, rosin, and grains. Crude 
organic chemicals are derived from coal by thermal decomposition, 
from petroleunn and natural gas by catalytic cracking and by dis- 
tillation or absorption, and from other natural sources by fernnen- 
tation. Production of these crude organic chemicals is the first 
step in the manufacture of synthetic organic chemicals. From these 
crudes, intermediates are obtained by synthesis or refining; most 
of the intermediates then are converted into finished chemical prod- 
ucts, such as medicinals, plastics and resin materials, and dyes. 
Intermediates usually are not sold directly to the ultimate consumer, 
but are used by the producing companies themselves- -or by other 
industrial concerns--in their manufacturing processes. 

In this report the statistics on production include the total out- 
put of the reporting companies' plants, i.e., the materials produced 
for consumption within the plants, as well as those produced for 
sale. The quantities reported as produced, therefore, generally 
exceed the quantities reported as sold. Part of some of these dif- 
ferences, however, are due to changes in inventories. As specified 
in the reporting instructions that the Commission sends to manu- 
facturers, and as used in this report, production and sales (unless 
otherwise specifically indicated) are defined as follows: 

Production is the total quantity of a commodity made available by 
original manufacture only. It is the sum, expressed in terms of the 
basis specified in the reporting instructions, of the quantities of a 
commodity-- 

(1) Produced, separated, and consumed in the same plant or 
establishment (a commodity is considered to be separated 
when it is withdrawn from the process); 

(2) Produced and transferred to other plants or establishments 
of the same firm; 



Vi INTRODUCTION 

(3) Produced and sold to other firms (including production for 

others under toll agreements ); 

(4) Produced and held in stock. 

Production excludes -- 

(1) Commodities that have already been reported by the original 

producer but are purified in the process, unless inclusion 
of such purified commodities is specifically called for in 
the reporting instructions; 

(2) Intermediate products that are formed in the manufacturing 

process but are not withdrawn from the reaction system; 

(3) Materials that are used in the process and are recovered for 

reuse or sale, unless inclusion of such materials is spe- 
cifically called for in the reporting instructions. 

Sales are defined as actual sales of commodities by original 
manufacturers only, accompanied by passage of title. Sales in- 
c lude - - 

(1) Shipments of commodities for domestic use or for export, 

or segregation of comnnodities in a \varehouse when title to 
them has passed to the purchaser in a bona fide sale; 

(2) Shipments of commodities produced by other manufacturers 

under toll agreements. 

Sales exclude -- 

(1) All intracompany transfers, unless such transfers qualify 

as transactions under the definition of sales given above; 

(2) All sales of purchased commodities; 

(3) All shipments of commodities produced for others under toll 

agreements. 

The value of a sale is defined as the net selling value of the com- 
modities involved, f . o. b. plant or warehouse. 

Data on the chemicals covered in this report are usually given 
in terms of undiluted materials. The principal exceptions are the 
statistics on dyes and a few solvents, which are reported in terms 
of commercial concentrations; the statistics on certain plastics 
and resins, which are reported on a dry basis; and the data on sales 
of antibiotics, which are reported on the basis of specific condi- 
tions mentioned in the section on medicinals. The report specifi- 
cally notes those products for which the statistics are reported in 
terms of commercial concentrations. 

The average unit values of sales for groups of products shown 
in the tables accompanying this report are weighted averages for 
products which vary widely in unit values and in the quantities sold. 

Statistics on tars and tar crudes include data furnished directly 
to the Tariff Commission by distillers of coal tar, water-gas tar, 
and oil-gas tar; data furnished to the Division of Bitunninous Coal 
of the United States Bureau of Mines by coke-oven operators; and 
data furnished to the American Gas Association by producers of 
water-gas and oil-gas tar. 



lA toll agreement is an agreement between two firms, under which one firm furnishes the raw 
materials and pays the processing costs and the other firm prepares the finished product and re- 
turns it to the first firm. 



INTRODUCTION VU 

Statistics on United States imports in 1956 of coal-tar interme- 
diates and finished coal-tar products that entered under paragraphs 
27 and 28 of the Tariff Act of 1930 are given in part A of the appen- 
dix. Part B of the appendix includes a table that shows the number 
of technically trained research workers in the synthetic organic 
chemical industry and the cost of research in the industry. Part C 
of the appendix is a glossary of the common (or trivial) names of 
coal-tar intermediates usually encountered in the trade, together 
with their equivalent standard (or Chemical Abstracts) names. Part 
D of the appendix summarizes the data on production and sales of 
cellulose plastics that were reported to the Commission monthly 
during 1956. 



Summary 

Combined production of all synthetic organic chemicals and their 
raw materials in 1956 was 82, 121 million pounds--9. 8 percent 
more than in 1955 (see table 1). Sales totaled 45, 518 million pounds, 
valued at 5, 831 million dollars, in 1956--an increase over 1955 of 
5. 9 percent in quantity and 5. 7 percent in value. As these data in- 
clude those on the production and sales of chemicals at several suc- 
cessive steps in the manufacturing process, they necessarily in- 
clude much duplication. 

The output of tars from all sources in 1956 was 8,911 million 
pounds (891 million gallons), or 2.5 percent less than in 1955. Pro- 
duction of tar crudes by coke-oven operators and tar distillers in 
1956 totaled 14, 560 million pounds, or 1. 9 percent more than the 
output of 14, 292 million pounds in 1955. Sales of tar crudes totaled 
9, 274 million pounds, valued at 283 million dollars, in 1956-- 
representing an increase of 5. 3 percent in quantity and 4. percent 
in value, compared with 1955. 



TAHUE 1, --Synthetic organic chemicals and their raw materials: United States production and sales 

1955 and 1956 



Production 



In- 
crease 
or de- 
crease 
(-), 
1956 
over 
1955^ 



Quantity 



In- 
crease 
or de- 
crease 
(-), 
1956 



In- 
crease 
or de- 
crease 
(-), 
1956 
over 
1955^ 



Grand total^ 

Tar 

Tar crudes^ 

Crude products from 
petroleum and natural 
gas 

Synthetic organic 

chemicals, total 

Intermediates 

Dyes 

Toners and lakes 

Medicinals 

Flavor and perfume 
materials 

Plastics and resin 
materials 

Rubber-processing 
chemicals 

Elastomers (synthetic 
rubbers ) 

Plasticizers 

Surface-active agents* 

Pesticides and other 
organic agricultural 
chemicals 

Miscellaneous chemicals* 



pounds 

74,821 



Milli 



82,121 



42,966 



45,518 



Million 
dollars 

5,518 



Million 

dollars 

5,831 



9,144 
14,292 



16,179 



35,206 



8,911 
14, 560 



17,898 



40,752 



-2.5 
1.9 



15.8 



4,258 



10,432 



19,469 



4,470 
9,274 



11,032 



20,742 



5.0 
5.3 



49 
272 



4,835 



53 
283 



5,116 



6,016 
168 



3,739 

177 

* 2,083 

396 

1,031 

506 
20,925 



6,600 
152 

41 



3,977 

167 

2,314 

417 

1,148 

570 
25,232 



9.7 
-9.8 

-7.8 
13.5 

6.4 

6.4 

-5.6 

11.1 

5.2 

U.4 



2,285 
156 
38 



3,219 

143 

2,069 
338 
961 



415 
9,740 



2,556 

155 
33 
73 

39 

3,465 

132 

2,156 

331 

1,047 



399 

10,356 



-13.1 
6.7 

9.3 

7.6 

-7.5 

4.2 
-2.0 
8.9 



408 

184 

' 64 

465 

52 

1,078 



573 
104 
229 



153 
1,439 



444 

185 

58 

506 

55 

1,142 

81 

588 
106 
208 



173 
1,570 



8.2 
4.0 



1.0 
-10.1 



4.0 

6.0 

-6.0 

2.6 
2.7 
-9.2 



13.2 
9.1 



^ Percentages calculated on figures rounded to thousands. 

^ This total involves much duplication. 

^ Excludes products derived from petroleum, but includes products derived from tar and from coke-oven gas . 

* Adjusted. 



IX 



X SUMMARY 

Production in 1956 of all synthetic organic chemicals (exclud- 
ing the raw materials mentioned above) totaled 40, 752 million 
pounds --a total also involving much duplication. This output was 
15. 8 percent greater than that of 35, 206 nnillion pounds in 1955. 
Total sales of synthetic organic chemicals in 1956 also increased 
in volume and in value, compared with 1955. The volume of output 
of all individual groups of finished synthetic organic chemicals in- 
creased in 1956 compared with 1956, except dyes, toners and 
lakes, and rubber-processing chemicals. 

First in the order of the size of the percentage increase in 
production was miscellaneous chemicals, the output of which in- 
creased to 25, 232 million pounds in 1956, or by 20. 6 percent. Pro- 
duction of medicinals increased to 89 million pounds in 1956 (or by 
13.5 percent); pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals, 
to 570 million pounds (12.6 percent); surface-active agents, to 
1 , 148 million pounds (11.4 percent); elastomers, to 2, 314 million 
pounds (11.1 percent); intermediates, to 6,600 million pounds (9.7 
percent); flavor and perfume materials, to 45 million pounds (6.4 
percent); plastics and resin materials, to 3, 977 million pounds 
(6. 4 percent); and plasticizers, to 417 million pounds (5. 2 per- 
cent). 

Production of dyes in 1956 declined to 152 million pounds from 
168 million pounds in 1955, or by 9. 8 percent; that of toners and 
lakes declined to 41 million pounds in 1956 from 44 million pounds 
in 1955, or by 7. 8 percent; and that of rubber-processing chemi- 
cals, to 167 million pounds from 177 million pounds in 1955, or by 
5. 6 percent. 



PART I. PRODUCTION AND SALES OF TARS, TAR CRUDES, 

AND CRUDES DERIVED FROM PETROLEUM AND 

NATURAL GAS 

Tars 

Coal tar is produced chiefly by the steel industry as a byproduct 
of the manufacture of coke; water-gas tar and oil-gas tar are pro- 
duced by the fuel-gas industry. Production of coal tar, therefore, 
depends on the demand for steel; production of water-gas tar and 
oil-gas tar reflects the consumption of manufactured gas for in- 
dustrial and household use. Water-gas and oil-gas tars have prop- 
erties intermediate between those of petroleum asphalts and coal 
tars. Petroleum asphalts are not usually considered to be raw ma- 
terials for chemicals. 

The quantity of tar produced in the United States from all 
sources in 1956 was 891 million gallons, or 2.5 percent less than 
the output of 914 million gallons in 1955. Of the total quantity pro- 
duced in 1956, 833 million gallons was coal tar and 58 million 
gallons was water-gas and oil-gas tar (see table 2), compared with 
an output in 1955 of 853 million gallons of coal tar and 6l million 
gallons of water-gas and oil-gas tar. The decline in production of 
coal tar in 1956 reflects decreased steel production, which was 
partly attributable to a strike in the steel mills in that year. 



TABLE 2. --Tar: United States production and consumption, 1955 and 1956 

[ In thousBnds of gallons ] 



Water-gas and oil-gas tar^ 

Coal tar from coke-oven byproduct plants,^ total - 
Plants not owned tiy city gas oorapaniee- 



Plants owned by city gas companies (public utilities) 



CONSUMPTION 



Total- 



Tar consumed by distillation, total — — 

Water-gas and oil-gas tar distilled by producers and tar distillers^ - 

Coal tar distilled or topped by coke-oven operators^ 

Coal tar distilled by tar distillers* 



Tar consumed chiefly as fuel, total 

Water-gas and oil-gas tar consumed as fuel'- 



Coal tar sold or consumed as fuel by coke-oven operators' 



Tar consumed otherwise than by distillation or as fuel, total 

Coal tar consumed at coke-oven plants for roads and upkeep^ ---■■ 

Coal tar, water-gas tar, and oil-gas tar processed at tar refineries, 
crude tar consumed for upkeep at such refineries, and tar consumed in 
making gas and in special-purpose tar blends' — 



9U,353 



61,430 
852.923 



BAJ.OOi, 
9,919 



Bib, 112 



52,615 
311,675 
3W,679 

1-^2,0^2 



4,930 
137,062 



1,544 



54,217 



891,157 



58,330 
832.627 



822,717 
10,110 



904,243 



734,019 



58,129 
285,805 
390,085 



3,490 
138,425 



28.309 



1,398 



26,911 



^ Reported to the American Gas Association. 

* Reported to the U. S. Bureau of Mines. 

' Reported to the U. S. Tariff Commission. 

* Represents tar purchased from companies operating coke ovens and gas-retort plants and distilled by 
companies operating tar-distillation plants. 

' Reported to the American Gas Association and to the U. S. Tariff Commission. 



2 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Total consumption of tar in 1956 amounted to 904 million gallons, 
of which 734 million gallons was consumed by distillation, 14Z mil- 
lion gallons as fuel, and 28 nnillion gallons in miscellaneous uses 
such as pipe coatings, upkeep at refineries, and in special-purpose 
tar blends. 

The quantity of tar distilled in 1956 was 55 million gallons more 
than that in 1955. The quantity of coal tar distilled or topped by 
coke-oven operators declined to 286 million gallons in 1956 from 
312 million gallons in 1955, but the quantity distilled by tar dis- 
tillers increased to 390 million gallons in 1956 from 315 million 
gallons in 1955. The amount of water-gas tar and oil-gas tar dis- 
tilled increased slightly in 1956, as compared with 1955 (by 5. 5 
million gallons). 

Tar Crudes 



Tar crudes are obtained from coke-oven gas and by distilling 
coal tar, water-gas tar, and oil-gas tar. The most important tar 
crudes are benzene, toluene, xylene, naphthalene, and creosote oil. 
Some of the products derived from coal tar are identical with those 
produced from petroleum and natural gas. Data for materials de- 
rived from these latter sources are, for the most part, included in 
or with the statistics for materials derived from coal tar, which 
are shown in tables 3 and 4A.1 

Total domestic production of industrial and specification grades 
of benzene amounted to 337 million gallons in 1956, or 9. 5 percent 
more than the 307 miillion gallons reported for 1955. These totals 
include material produced from domestic tar, from imported and 
domestic crude light oil, from domestic petroleum, and from im- 
ported motor-grade benzene. Sales of benzene amounted to 284 
million gallons, valued at 103 million dollars, in 1956, compared 



TARLE 3. --Tar and tar crudfts: Sua 



ry of production and sales of sped fied products, 
annual 1955 and 1956 



erage 1951-55. 



Chemical'- 



Average 
1951-55 



decrease (-;, 

1956 

over 1951-55 



decrease (-), 

1956 

over 1955 



Tar: Production^. 
Benzene: 

Production 

Sales-- -- 

Value of EELles- 
Toluene: 

Production 

Sales 

Value of sales- 
Xylene: 

Production 

Sales 

VsLlue of sales- 
Naphthalene: 

Production 

Sales 

Value of sales- 
Creosote oil: 

Production 

Sales 

Value of sales- 



1,000 gal- 

1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 dol- 

1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 dol- 

1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 dol- 



,000 lb— 
,000 lb— 
,000 dol- 

,000 gal- 
,000 gal- 
,000 dol- 



861,258 

270,886 

230,091 

88,<;92 

141,529 
112,921 
32,944 

95,799 
65,196 
17, 103 

345,269 

245,609 

13,597 

136,397 
128,750 
24,773 



914,353 

307,479 

264,808 

97,534 

185,502 
138,263 
39,115 

107,940 
77,603 
20,623 

477,170 

338,657 

19,6^2 

129,701 
118,994 
23,596 



24.3 
23.6 
16.1 

22.7 
19.7 



42.3 
30.8 
30.4 

42.3 
17.7 
37.2 

-2.9 
7.5 



891,157 

336,590 
284,457 

102,759 

173,594 
135,201 
35,166 

136,277 
85,295 
22,300 

491,430 

288,975 

18,657 

132,450 
138,358 
26,919 



9.5 
7.4 
5.4 

-6.4 
-2.2 
-10.1 

26.3 
9.9 
8.1 



2.1 
16.3 
14.1 



For details concerning statistics shown In this table see table 4A. 
^ Includes data for oil-gas, water-gas, and gas-retort tar reported to the American Gas Association, and 
for coal tar reported to the Division of Bituminous Coal, U. S. Bureau of Mines. 
^ Includes data for material produced for use in blending motor fuels. 



iSee also table -ffl, part III, which lists these products and identifies the manufacturers. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



T^BLE 4A. --Organic che 



United States producti 



6{ tar crudes, 1956 



[Listed below are all tar crudes for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. Table 
AB in part III lists separately all products for which data on production or sales were reported and iden- 
tifies the manufacturers reporting to the U. S. Tariff Commission] 



Pro- 
duction 



Quantity Value 



Unit 
value ^ 



Crude light oil 

Intermediate light oil: Coke-oven operators 

Light -oil distillates: 

Benzene, specification and industrial grades, 

total 

Tar distillers^ 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

Toluene, all grades, total 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

Xylene, all grades, total-' 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

Solvent naphtha, total 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators 

All other light-oil distillates, total 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators 

Pyridine crude bases (dry basis) 

Naphthalene, crude (solidifying at less than 

79° C.),* total 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators 

Crude tar-acid oils: 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators 

Cresylic acid, crude (less than 755t distilling 
over 215° C): Tar distillers 

Creosote oil (Dead oil),' total 

Tar distillers: 

Distillate as such (lOO^t creosote basis) 

Creosote in coal-tar solution {lOQ'f, solution 

basis) 

Creosote content of solution (IOO5J creosote 

basis) 

Coke-oven operators: 

Distillate as such (IOO56 creosote basis) 

Creosote in coal-tar solution (100«t solution 

basis) 

Creosote content of solution (lOOjt creosote 

basis) 

All other distillate products^ 

Tar, road 

Tar (crude and refined) for other uses' 

Pitch of tar: 

Soft and medium (water softening point less 
than 110° p., and 110° F. to 160° F. ASIM 

D61-24) 

Hard (water softening point above 160° F.) 

Pitch of tar coke and pitch emulsion 



1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 

1,000 gal-- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gU.- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 

1,000 lb— 
1,000 lb— 
1,000 lb— 

1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 

1,000 lb— 
1,000 gal- 

1,000 gal- 

1,000 gal- 

1,000 gal- 

1,000 gal- 

1,000 gal- 

1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 

1,000 tons 
1,000 tons 
1,000 tons 



293,756 

3,008 



336,590 

50,551 

17<i,'i26 

111,613 

173,594 

5,584 

37,233 

130,772 

136,277 

1,362 

10,340 

124,075 

25,006 

19,181 

5,825 

9,195 

2,795 

6,400 

1,343 

491,430 



314,171 
177,259 



4,261 
26,311 



5,770 
132,450 



34,946 

19,075 

13,833 

23,984 

4,445 

3,711 
31,337 
92,376 
38,431 



1,194 

874 
31 



3,047 



284,457 

34,698 

173,420 

76,339 

135,201 

5,019 

35,584 

94,598 

85,295 

1,493 

10,237 

73,565 

24,367 

18,663 

5,704 

7,641 

2,769 

4,872 



288,975 



153,046 
135,929 



26,136 



138,358 



1,000 
dollars 



102,759 

10,377 

59,548 

32,834 

35,166 

1,414 

10,162 

23,590 

22,300 

445 

3,245 

18,610 

5,556 

4,118 

1,438 

1,429 

767 

662 



13,657 



10,335 
3,272 



279 
6,924 



26,919 



83,213 
20,631 
13,589 

25,117 

4,397 

3,637 
21,459 
83,949 
36,664 



17,485 
3,664 



4,976 



3,378 
13,759 
6,149 



22,763 
19,354 
1,198 



38.78 
35.51 
39.93 



^ Unit value per gallon, pound, or ton, as specified. 

^ Includes data for benzene produced from imported crude light oil. 

^ Includes data for material produced for use in blending motor fuels. 

* Statistics represent combined data for the 3 commercial grades of naphthalene to avoid disclosure of in- 
dividual company operations. Owing to conversion between grades, the figures may include some duplication. 

^ Statistics Include data only for creosote oil sold for or used in wood preserving. 

' Includes data for shlngle-staln oil and neutral oils produced by tar distillers, and for crude sodium 
phenolate produced by coke-oven operators. 

'' Includes data for tar used for paint, pipe covering, saturating, and other uses. 

Note. — Statistics for materials produced In coke and gas-retort ovens are compiled by the Division of Bitu- 
minous Coal, U. S. Bureau of I;Iines. Statistics for materials produced in tar and petroleum refineries are 
compiled by the U. S. Tariff Commission. 



4 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

with 265 million gallons, valued at 98 million dollars, in 1955. The 
output of toluene from all sources (including material produced 
from petroleum for use in blending in aviation fuel) amounted to 174 
million gallons in 1956--slightly less than the 186 million gallons 
produced in 1955. Sales of toluene in 1956 amounted to 135 million 
gallons, valued at 35 million dollars. The output of xylene in 1956 
(including that produced for blending in motor fuel) was 136 million 
gallons; sales were 85 million gallons, valued at ZZ million dollars. 
More than 90 percent of the domestic output of xylene in 1956 was 
derived from petroleum sources. 

Production of crude naphthalene in 1956 amounted to 491 million 
pounds, or about 3 percent more than the 477 million pounds re- 
ported for 1955. Sales of naphthalene were Z89 million pounds, 
valued at 19 million dollars, in 1956, compared with 339 million 
pounds, valued at ZO million dollars, in 1955. In 1956 the total out- 
put of creosote oil, used principally in wood preserving, was 13Z 
million gallons; sales were 138 million gallons, valued at Z7 million 
dollars. Production of road tar in 1956 was 9Z million gallons-- 
slightly less than the 93 million gallons reported for 1955. 

Some of the products included in the statistics given in table 4A 
are derived from other products, data for which are also included 
in the table. The statistics, therefore, involve considerable dupli- 
cation; for this reason, no group totals or grand totals are shown. 
After as much duplication as possible has been eliminated, it is 
estimated that the net value of production of these products and of 
tar burned as fuel was 39Z million dollars in 1956, compared with 
378 million dollars in 1955 and 345 million dollars in 1954. 

Crude Products From Petroleum and Natural Gas for 
Chemical Conversion 

Crude products that are derived from petroleum and natural gas 
are related to the intermediates and finished products made fronn 
such crudes in much the same way that crude products derived from 
the distillation of coal tar are related to their intermediates and 
finished products. Many of the crude products derived from petro- 
leum are identical with those derived from coal tar (e.g. , benzene, 
toluene, and xylene). Considerable duplication exists in the statis- 
tics on the production and sales of petroleum crudes because some 
of these crude chemicals are converted to other crude products de- 
rived from petroleum and because data on some production and sales 
are reported at successive stages in the conversion processes (see 
table 5A2). Notwithstanding these duplications, the statistics are 
sufficiently accurate to indicate trends in the industry and to serve 
as a basis for general comparison. Many of the crude products for 
which data are included in the statistics may be used either as fuel 
or as basic materials from which to derive other chemicals, de- 
pending on prevailing economic conditions. In this report, every 
effort has been made to exclude data on materials that are used as 
fuels. However, data are included on xylene that is not used directly 
as a fuel but in blending aviation and motor -grade gasolines. 

Production of crude products derived from petroleum and natural 
gas as a group amounted to 17, 898 million pounds in 1956, or 10. 6 



2 See also table 5B, part in, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manu- 
facturers. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 5 

percent more than the I6, 179 million pounds reported for 1955, 
The larger output in 1956 is accounted for chiefly by the increase 
in the production of aliphatic hydrocarbons, principally ethylene, 
butadiene, 1 -butene and 2-butene mixture, isobutylene, and 
propylene. Sales of crude chemicals from petroleum were 11, 032 
million pounds, valued at 379 million dollars, in 1956, compared 
with 10,432 million pounds, valued at 362 million dollars, in 1955. 

The output of all aromatic and naphthenic products amounted to 
3,459 million pounds in 1956, compared with 3, 175 million pounds 
in 1955. Sales were 2, 502 million pounds, valued at 92 million 
dollars, in 1956--representing an increase of 125 million pounds 
and 2 million dollars over sales in 1955. Benzene and xylene were 
produced from petroleum sources in substantially larger quantities 
in 1956 than in 1956; production of cresylic acid increased by 21. 7 
percent. Production of specification- and industrial-grade benzene 
from petroleum was 818 million pounds in 1956, compared with 723 
nnillion pounds in 1955- -representing an increase of 13. 2 percent. 
The output of xylene was 895 million pounds in 1956. These figures, 
however, are not comparable with those for 1955 because the 1956 
data include xylene used in blends in aviation and motor-grade gaso- 
line, whereas the 1955 data did not. The output of naphthenic acids 
amounted to 23 million pounds in 1956, compared with 17 million 
pounds in 1955. Production of cresylic acid was 30 million pounds 
in 1956, compared with 24 million pounds in 1955; .the output of 
toluene was 947 million pounds in 1956, compared with 1,038 mil- 
lion pounds in 1 955- -indicating a decline of 8.8 percent. 

Production of all aliphatic hydrocarbons and derivatives from 
petroleum and natural gas was 14,439 million pounds in 1956, com- 
pared with 13,004 million pounds in 1955. Sales of these products 
were 8, 530 million pounds, valued at 288 million dollars, in 1956, 
compared with 8, 055 million pounds, valued at 271 million dollars, 
in 1955. Statistics on acetylene are given for the first time in this 
report. The statistics include only acetylene that was produced 
from calcium carbide and from natural gas and was used as a raw 
material in the production of other chemicals. The statistics ex- 
clude acetylene used for welding and lighting. Total production of 
acetylene (principally from calcium carbide), as reported to the 
Bureau of the Census, amounted to 571 million pounds in 1956. 
Production of ethylene was 3, 602 million pounds in 1956, or 18. 2 
percent more than the 3, 048 million pounds produced in 1955. The 
output of the C3 hydrocarbons, propane, propylene, and propane- 
propylene mixture, was 3,824 million pounds in 1956, compared 
with 3,339 million pounds in 1955- -representing an increase of 
14. 5 percent. Production of 1, 3-butadiene, including that produced 
from alcohol, was 1, 502 million pounds in 1956, compared with 
1,411 million pounds in 1955. Production of 1, 3 -butadiene --one of 
the principal ingredients of the GR -S type of synthetic rubber--was 
the largest on record in 1956, the first full calendar year of opera- 
tion of the synthetic -rubber industry by private owners. 



6 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 5^. -'Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of crude products from 
petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion, 1956 

Clisted below are the crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chenilcal conversion for which any 
reported data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are 
accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data were reported.) Table 5B in part III lists 
separately all products from petrcle'jm and natural gas for chemical conversion for which data on production 
or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Grand total 

AROMATICS AND NAPHTHENES^ 
Total 

Allsyl aromatics, distillates, and solvenxs 

Benzene (except motor grade), total 

Benzene, 1° 

Benzene, 2° 

Cresylic acid, crude-' 

Naphthenic acids, total 

Acid number 150-199 - 

Acid number 225-249- 

All other 

Toluene, all grades, total 

Nitration grade, 1° 

Pure commercial grade, 2° 

All other 

Xylenes, mixed, total 

Aviation grade 

Nitration grades, 3 and 5° 

All other'^ - - - • 

All other aromatics and naphthenes' 

ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS 

Total 

C2 hydrocarbons, total 

Ethane 

Ethylene^ 

C3 hydrocarbons, total 

Propane 

Propane-propylene mixture 

Propylene 

C4 hydrocarbons, total 

1,3-Butadiene, grade for rubber (elastomers)' 

Butadiene and butylene fractions 

n- Butane* 

1-Butene and 2-butene mixture' 

Isobutane 

Isobutylene 

All other^"-- 

C5 hydrocarbons''^ 

All other aliphatic hydrocarbons and derivatives, total- 

1-Dodecene ( Tetrapropylene) 

Nonene ( Tripropylene) 

Hydrocarbon derivatives'-^ 

All other'^ 



l.nnn 

pounds 

17,898,030 



3,459,175 



725,496 



279,016 
539,107 

29,772 

22,937 



2,665 

10,815 
9,457 

946,789 



382,105 
363,376 
201,308 

894,580 



226,502 
141,460 
526,618 

21,478 
14,438,855 



4,164,511 



562,153 
3,602,358 

3,823,861 



2,181,141 

227,954 

1,414,766 

5,039,028 



1,502,254 
412,399 
1,214,666 
1,006,659 
450,777 
327,352 
124,921 

310,709 

1,100,746 



394,491 

105,084 

5,996 

595,175 



Quantity 



1,01)0 
pounds 
11,031,740 



2,501,788 



689,323 
559,565 



239,185 

320,380 

12,738 
13,691 



2,469 

10,127 
1,095 

684,889 



273,650 

411,239 
530,404 



67,219 
102,476 
360,709 

11, 178 



8,529,952 



1,000 
dollars 
379,333 



91,639 



14,099 
32,834 



14,422 
18,412 

455 

1,548 



195 
1,246 

107 

23,590 



9,899 

13,691 
18,610 



793,305 



199,134 
594,171 

3,019,545 



2,216,919 
227,951 
574,675 

3,820,968 



952,133 
169,383 
930,772 
982,431 
434,834 
222,751 
128,664 

225,242 

670,892 



195,421 

52,956 

6,233 

416,282 



2,546 
4,805 
11,259 



287,694 



29,830 



1,441 
28,389 

35,619 



25,065 

2,374 

S,180 

196,904 



134,653 
5,641 
8,684 
30,226 
6,004 
7,525 
4,171 

4,715 

20,626 



6,470 

2,251 

771 

11,134 



$0.03 



^ Calculated on rounded figures. 

^ The chemical raw materials designated as aromatics are in some cases identical with those obtained from 
-the distillation of coal tar. However, the statistics given in -this table relate only to such materials as are 
derived from petroleum and natural gas. 

^ Statistics on crude cresylic acid from coal tar are shown in table 4A. 

* Includes xylene blended in motor gasoline. 

' Includes data for sodium cresylate, l,4-methano-2,5-cyclopentadiene, mixed pyridines, sodium carbolate and 
phenate, and hydrocarbon polymers. 

' Includes a small amount of ethylene from coke-oven gas. 

' Includes butadiene made from ethyl alcohol. In 1956 all butadiene was produced in privately owned plants. 
For some earlier years separate statistics are available on butadiene production for private account and for 
Government account. 

* Statistics on n-butane are not strictly comparable with those for 1955 because of changes by some companies 
in reporting production and sales by subsidiaries. 

' The statistics represent principally the butene content of crude refinery gases from which butadiene is 
manufactured . 

^° Includes data for 1-butene, 2-butene, butane-butylene, and mixed olefins. 

'-'■ Includes data for pentanes, pentenes, isoprene, and mixtures. 

^^ Includes data for di-tert-butyldisulfide, miscellaneous mercaptans, and aliphatic acids. 

^^ Includes data for methane, acetylene, di-isobutylene, hexanes, heptanes and heptenes, octanes and octenes, 
polybutene, eicosane, and hydrocarbon mixtures. The above data do not include any acetylene produced from cal- 
cium carbide. The to-tal production of acetylene for chemical processing from all sources, as reported by -the 
Bureau of the Census, for 1956 amounted to 570,972 thousand pounds. 



PART n. PRODUCTION AND SALES OF INTERMEDIATES AND 
FINISHED SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, BY GROUPS 

General 

On the basis of their principal uses, the synthetic organic 
chemicals covered in this report are classified as either inter- 
mediates or as finished products. Finished products, in turn, are 
grouped as follows: Dyes, toners and lakes, medi'cinals, flavor and 
perfume materials, plastics and resin materials, rubber-process- 
ing chemicals, elastomers (synthetic rubbers), plasticizers, sur- 
face-active agents, pesticides and other organic agricultural chem- 
icals, and miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals. Most of 
these groups are further subdivided, acc:ording to chemical 
classes, into cyclic and acyclic compounds. 

As most of the intermediates are used in the manufacture of 
finished products, aggregate figures that cover both intermediates 
and finished products necessarily include much duplication. 

Total production of all synthetic organic chemicals (interme- 
diates and finished products combined) was 40, 75Z million pounds 
in 1956, or 5, 546 million more than the output in 1955 (see table 
6). Sales totaled 20, 742 million pounds, valued at 5, 116 million 
dollars, in 1956, connpared with 19,469 million pounds, valued at 
4, 835 million dollars, in 1955. Production of all cyclic products 
(intermediates and finished cyclic products combined) in 1956 
totaled 13, 069 million pounds, or 7. 8 percent more than the 12, 123 
million pounds produced in 1955. Sales of all such cyclic products 
were 7, 954 million pounds in 1956, compared with 7, 582 million 
pounds in 1955--an increase of 4.9 percent. Production of finished 
cyclic products totaled 6,469 million pounds in 1956 and that of 
cyclic intermediates, 6,600 million pounds, compared with out- 
puts of 6, 106 million pounds and 6,016 million pounds, respectively, 
in 1955. 

In 1956, production of acyclic organic chemicals (finished 
acyclic products and acyclic intermediates combined) was 27,684 
million pounds, or 19.9 percent more than the output in 1955. 

Of the individual groups of finished synthetic organic chemicals 
that have both cyclic and acyclic components, the change in pro- 
duction between 1955 and 1956 was as follows (all are increases 
except those preceded by a minus sign): Medicinals (cyclic, 6. 2 
percent, and acyclic, 40,6 percent); flavor and perfume materials 
(cyclic, 5.3 percent, and acyclic, 7.9 percent); plastics and resin 
materials (cyclic, -0. I percent, and acyclic, 14. 1 percent); 
rubber-processing chemicals (cyclic, -4. 7 percent, and acyclic, 
-10. 6 percent); elastomers (cyclic, 10. percent, and acyclic, 15.1 
percent); plasticizers (cyclic, 6.4 percent, and acyclic, 1.7 per- 
cent); surface-active agents (cyclic, 17. 2 percent, and acyclic, 
1.8 percent); pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals 
(cyclic, 10.4 percent, and acyclic, 24.6 percent); and miscella- 
neous chemicals (cyclic, 7.7 percent, and acyclic, 21.0 percent). 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 6.--Syntheti 



organic chemicals: Summary of United States [production and sale 
and finished products, average 1951-55, annual 1955 and 1956 



[ Production and sales in thousands of pounds; sales value In thousands of dollars 



Average 
1951-55 



Increase or 
decrease (-) 



1956 

over 

1951-55 



Organic chemicals, cyclic and acyclic, 
grand total: 

Production 

Sales - 

Sales value 

Cyclic, total: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic, total: 

Production 

Sales -— 

Sales value 

i. Internediatcs, Cyclic 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

2. Dyes, Cyclic 

Production 

Sales - 

Sales value 

a. Colour Index Group 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value : 

b. Prototype Group 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

c . Ungrouped 

Production 

Sales- 

Sales value 

3. Toners and Lakes, Cyclic 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

i. Medicinals 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

5. Flavor and Perfume Material 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales veilue 



29,279,W1 
15,957,625 
<1,099,41A 



9,773,197 
6,145,375 
2,107,761 



19,506,444 
9,812,250 
1,991,653 



4,805,597 

1,859,597 

339,459 



161,817 
150,743 
171,767 



113,600 
105,795 
89,329 



30,277 
28,267 
49,262 



17,940 
16,681 
33,176 



42,914 
37,064 
55,129 



55,870 

44,630 

420,337 

14,441 
12,233 
26,479 



19,789 
16,804 
24,354 

13,951 
U,098 
20,967 



35,206,358 
19,469,342 
4,834,644 



12,122,951 
7,581,717 
2,485,768 



23,083,407 
11,887,625 
2,348,876 



6,016,480 

2,284,607 

408,046 



168,005 
155,980 
183,628 



118,986 
110,980 
96,970 



33,083 
30,469 
53,599 



15,936 
14,531 
33,059 



44,481 
38,042 
64,304 



61,965 

50,583 

435,993 

16,762 
17,950 
29,128 



24,116 
20,144 
30,961 

17,858 
15,699 
21,594 



40,752,268 

20,742,146 

5,115,614 



13,068,747 
7,953,733 
2,566,569 



27,683,521 
12,788,413 
2,549,045 



6,599,759 

2,556,405 

443,844 



151,575 
154,547 
185,443 



108,856 
111,889 
99,249 



28,134 
27,762 
50,673 



14,585 
14,896 
35,521 



40,992 
33,066 
57,788 



65,802 

53,499 

473,717 

23,573 
19,642 
32,212 



25,391 
20,723 
32,865 

19,267 
18,446 
21,809 



39.2 

30.0 
24.8 



29.4 
21.8 



41.9 
30.3 

28.0 



37.3 
37.5 
30.8 



-6.3 
2.5 

8.0 



-4.2 
5.8 

11.1 



-7.1 

-1.8 

2.9 



-18.7 

-10.7 

7.1 



-4.5 
-10.8 



17.8 
19.9 



63.2 
60.6 
21.7 



28.3 
23.3 

34.9 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



TARLE 6. -Synthetic organic cheiiicals: Summary of United States production and sales of inter 
and finished products, average 1951-55, annual 1955 and /956-- Con tinned 

[ Production and sales in thousands of pounds; sales value in thousands of dollars] 



Average 
1951-55 



Increase or 
decrease (-) 



1956 
over 
1951-55 



1956 
over 
1955 



«. Plastics and Utsin Materials 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 



7. 



(he 



cals 



Kubber-Proc 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

8. Elastomers (Synthetic Rubbers) 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales - 

Sales value 

S. Plasticizers 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

10. Surface-Active Agents^ 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

11. Pesticides and Other Organic 
Agricultural Chemicals 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 



1,597,590 

1,312,585 

359,919 

1,226,004 

1,118,831 

-^82,185 



120, 7A9 
91,326 
50,916 

22,769 
18,420 
13,012 



1,397,056 

1,395,930 

335,319 

476,533 
465,154 
184,967 



229,175 
183,014 
59,463 

78,436 
63,575 
26,199 



562,338 

476,709 

93,252 

320,076 

285,066 

69,984 



372,562 
304,620 
114,29: 

60,083 
51,618 
21,551 



2,021,233 

1,650,022 

439,443 

1,717,683 

1,569,366 

638,390 



148,431 
120,639 
70,454 

28,689 
22,385 
15,340 



1,642,679 

1,643,752 

402,460 

"■439,943 
^425,193 
^ 170, 138 



296,294 

252,834 

71,794 

99,762 
85,247 
31,911 



641,228 
600,738 
135,972 

389,342 

360,648 

93,115 



429,367 
354,102 
125,530 

77,009 
61,208 
27,242 



2,018,274 

1,654,687 

455,068 

1,959,195 

1,810,023 

687,351 



141,494 
111, 173 
67,253 

25,655 
21,058 
13,409 



1, 807, 694 

1,679,569 

402,738 

506,339 
476,287 
184,845 



315,343 

243,656 

72,502 

101,4-45 
87,677 
33,987 



751,614 
689,722 
110,374 

396,392 

357,099 
97, 624 



473,965 
342,863 
135,257 

95,962 
56,538 
37,651 



59.8 
61.8 
42.5 



17.2 
21.7 
32.1 

12.7 
14.3 



29.4 
20.3 
20.1 

6.3 
2.4 



37.6 
33.1 
21.9 

29.3 
37.9 
29.7 



44.7 
18.4 



23.8 
25.3 



27.2 
12.6 
18.3 



15.3 
7.7 



-10.6 
-5.9 
-12.6 



10.0 
2.2 



15.1 
12.0 
8.6 



6.4 
-3.6 

1.0 

1.7 
2.9 
6.5 



17.2 
14.8 
-18.8 

1.8 

-1.0 



10.4 
-3.2 
7.7 

24.6 
-7.6 
38.2 



See footnotes at end of table. 



10 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TARLE 6, -'Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary of United States production and sales of intermediates 
and finished products, average 1951-55, annual 1955 and 795(5- -Continued 

[Production and sales In thousands of pounds; sales value In thousands of dollars] 



Average 
1951-55 



Increase or 
decrease (-) 



1956 
over 
1951-55 



1956 
over 
1955 



Cyclic: 

Production — 

Sales - 

Sales value- 

Acyollc: 

Production- - 

Sales- 

Sales value- 



407,740 

272,353 

83,555 

17,294,151 
7,784,255 
1,146,309 



628,672 
410,274 
117,183 

20,296,359 
9,329,929 
1,322,018 



676,844 
413,823 
129, 72Q 

24,555,693 
9,941,643 

1,440,157 



66.0 
51.9 
55.3 

42.0 
27.7 
25.6 



7.7 
1.0 
10.7 

21.0 
6.6 
8.9 



^ Adjusted to eliminate data for vinyl elastomers which are covered in the statistics on plastics and 
resin materials on the basis of their components. 

^ For 1955 and 1956, data are adjusted for the transfer of oil-soluble type of petroleum sulfonates from 
the group of surface-active agents to lubricating oil additives in the group of miscellaneous chemicals. 



The following tabulation shows, by chemical groups, the num- 
ber of companies that reported production in 1956 of one or more 
of the chemicals included in the groups listed in table 6: 



Vunber 
of 
Group companies 

Intermediates 153 

Dyes - 49 

Toners and lakes 40 

Medicinals 126 

Flavor and perfume materials 54 

Plastics and resin materials 170 

Rubber -processing chemicals -- 25 



tlunber 

of 

companies 
Group 

Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) 26 

Plasticizers 51 

Surface -active agents 154 

Pesticides and other organic 

agricultural chemicals 80 

Miscellaneous chemicals 256 



Cyclic Intermediates 



Cyclic intermediates are synthetic organic chemicals derived 
principally from coal-tar crudes produced by destructive distilla- 
tion (pyrolysis) of coal and from petroleum and natural gas. Most 
cyclic intermediates are used in the manufacture of more advanced 
synthetic organic chemicals and finished products, such as dyes, 
medicinals, explosives, elastomers (synthetic rubbers), pesticides, 
and plastics and resin materials. Some intermediates, however, 
are sold as end products without further processing. For example, 
refined naphthalene may be used as a raw material in the manu- 
facture of 2-naphthol or of other more advanced intermediates, or 
it may be packaged and sold as a moth repellent or as a deodorant. 
In general, the way in which the greater part of the output of a 
given chemical is consumed determines its use classification in this 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 11 

report. Table YA-"- shows statistics on production and sales of 
cyclic intermediates in 1956. Intermediates for which individual 
statistics are given in the table represent more than 80 percent of 
the total quantity produced. Since many of the intermediates in- 
cluded in the statistics represent successive steps in production, 
the totals necessarily include considerable duplication. In 1956 
about two-fifths of the total output of cyclic intermediates was sold; 
the rest was consumed chiefly by the producing plants in the manu- 
facture of more advanced intermediates and finished products. 

Because of the increased demand by most consuming industries 
(particularly the industries that produce plastics, surface-active 
agents, and rubber), the total output of cyclic intermediates in 
1956 was 6, 600 million pounds, or 9. 7 percent more than the 
previous record high of 6, 016 million pounds reported for 1955. 
Sales of cyclic intermediates in 1956 amounted to 2, 556 million 
pounds, valued at 444 million dollars, compared with 2, 285 million 
pounds, valued at 408 million dollars, in 1955. 

The output of many individual intermediates was substantially 
larger in 1956 than in 1955. Production of each of two intermediates 
exceeded 1 billion pounds in 1956; the output of styrene totaled 
1, 176 million pounds (an increase of 15.9 percent, compared with 
1955) and that of ethylbenzene, 1, 171 million pounds (an increase 
of 8.4 percent). Ethylbenzene is used almost entirely in the manu- 
facture of styrene; styrene, in turn, is used in the manufacture of 
plastics materials and synthetic rubber. Production of dodecylben- 
zenes, used chiefly in the manufacture of surface-active agents, 
amounted to 486 inillion pounds in 1956, or 24. 9 percent more than 
the 389 million pounds reported for 1955. Other large-volume inter- 
mediates, the output of which was substantially larger in 1956 than 
in 1955, were cresylic acid (an increase of 22.6 percent), cresols 
(an increase of 15. 2 percent), phenol (an increase of 6. 3 percent), 
and monochlorobenzene (an increase of 3. 9 percent). Production of 
many important intermediates, on the other hand, was smaller in 
1956 than in 1955; the output of refined naphthalene declined 13.9 
percent; that of nitrobenzene, 7. 3 percent; that of aniline, 6. 5 per- 
cent; and that of phthalic anhydride, 4. 9 percent. 

Data on a number of important intermediates becanne available 
for the first time in 1956. The output of each of these intermediates 
in 1956 was as follows: Cyclohexanone, 125 million pounds; 
cyclohexanol, 88 million pounds; 4, 4 -isopropylidenediphenol 
(Bisphenol A), 25 million pounds; and a-methylstyrene, 11 million 
pounds. 



iSee also table 7B, part III, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manu- 
facturers; part A of the appendix, which shows imports of intermediates and related products 
during 1954-56; and part C of the appendix, which is a glossary of synonymous names of cyclic 
intermediates. 



12 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

icals: United States production and sales of cyclic intermediates, 1956 



TAHLE 7A. -Synthetic organi 

[ Listed below are all cyclic intermediates for which any reported data on production or sales may be pub- 
lished. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or 
where no data were reported.) Table 7B in part III lists alphabetically all cyclic intermediates for which 
data on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each. Part C in the appendix 
lists alphabetically all the important common names of cyclic intermediates usually met with in the trade 
and gives the corresponding standard (Cheraical Abstracts) name under which data are presented in tables 7A 
and 7B] 



Quantity Value 



Unit 
value^ 



Total — - 

Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown 

Chemicals for which sepeirate statistics are shown below 

Acetanllide, tech. and U.S.P 

i '-Aminoacetanilide (Acetyl-p-phenylenediamine) 

5-Amino-2-(p-aminoanllino)benzenesulfonic acid 

2-(p-Amlnoanilino) -5-nltroben2enesulf onic acid 

1-Amlnoanthraquinone and salt 

2-Arainoanthraquinone and salt 

6-Amlno-3,<i' -azobis[benzenesulfonic acid] 

l-Amino-^-benzamidoanthraquinone 

6-(p-Amlnobenzaiiiido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid 

2-Amlno-p-benzenedisulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

p-Aminobenzoic acid, tech 

l-Amino-'i-bromo-2-anthraquinonesulfonic acid 

l-Amlno-5-chloroanthraquinone 

2-Amino-3-chloroanthraquinone 

2-Amino-'i-chlorophenDl 

2-Amino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l] 

l-Amino-2,'4-dibromoanthraqulnone 

3-Amino-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Caasella acid) 

6-Amlno-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Amino I acid) 

2-Amlno-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Tobias acid) 

5-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Laurent's acid) 

5-Amlno-2-naphthaleneEulfonlc acid (1,6-Cleve's acid) 

5(and 8)-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonlc acid (Cleve's acid, mixed)—- 

6-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonlc acid (Broenner's acid) 

8-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonlc acid (Perl acid) 

8-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (1,7-Cleve's acid) 

8-Amlno-l,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid (Koch's acid) 

8-Amino-2-naphthol 

8-AiiiinD-l-naphthol-3,6-dlsulfonic acid (H acid), monosodium salt- 
8-AminD-l-naphthol-5,7-dlsulfonic acid (Chicago acid), monosodium 

salt 

l-Amlno-2-naphthol-<--sulfonic acid (1,2,4-Aold) 

6-AmlnD-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (J acid), sodium salt 

7-Amino-l-naphthol-3-3ulfonic acid fGamma acid), sodium salt 

2-Amlno-5-nltrobenzenesulfonlc acid [S03H=1] 

2-Amino-i-nitrophenol 

4'-Amlnooxanilic acid 

2-Amlno-l-phenol-'i-sulfonamide 

2-Amino-l-pheQDl-<i-sulfonic acid 

p-(p-Aminophenylazo)benzenesulfonlc acid 

l-(m-Amlnophenyl)-5-oxo-2-pyTazoline-3-carboxyllc acid 

^-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [ SO^H^l] 

4-(4-Amlno-m-tolylazo)-m-toluenesulfonlc acid 

2-Amino-3,5-xyleneEulfonic acid [ S03H=l] 

Aniline (Aniline oil) 

Anilinomethanesulfonic acid and salt 

8-Anillno-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Phenyl peri acid) 

6-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (Phenyl J acid) 

7-AnilinD-l-naphthol-3-sulfonlc acid (Phenyl gamma acid) 

o-Anisidine 

o-Anlsidinomethanesulfonic acid, and sodium salt 

Anthranlllc acid (o-Amlnobenzoic acid) 

Anthra[l,9l pyrazol-6(2H)-one (Pyrazoleanthrone) 

1,5-Anthraquinonedisulfonic acid 

2,6-AnthraquinDnedisulfonic acid and salt 

1-Anthraqulnonesulfonlc acid and salt 

3-(l-AnthraqulnDnylamino)-7H-ben2[de ]anthracen-7-one 

Anthrarufin (1,5-Dihydroxyanthraquinone) 

Benzaldehyde, tech 

l-Benzamido-4-chloroanthraqulnone 

l-Benzamido-5-chloroanthraquinone 

7H-Benz[de]anthracen-7-one ( Benzanthrone ) 

Benzidine hydrochloride and sulfate 

Benzilic acid 

Benzoic acid, tech 

o-Benzoylbenzolo acid 

Benzyl ether (Dibenzyl ether) 

[ <i,4.'-Bl-7H-benz[de]anthracen 1-7,7 -dlone- 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 

pounds 

6,599,759 



1,000 

pounds 

2,556,^05 



1,000 
dollars 
443,844 



1,054,559 
5,545,200 



650,897 
1,905,508 



151,593 
292,251 



2,804 
270 
40 
50 
816 
658 
38 



38 

16 

1,239 

59 

105 

631 

2,764 

162 

167 

69 

360 

253 

2,745 

87 

2,735 

64 

1,045 

441 

703 

35 

65 

21 

20 

101 

151 



22 

123,149 

168 

257 

50 

15 

833 

69 

317 

10 

586 

244 

1,815 

207 

189 

1,849 

70 

106 

1,490 

1,307 

49 



4,731 



2,923 



857 
115 



50,711 



9,900 

74 



1,619 



2,572 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



13 



TABLR .7A. - -Syntheti 



chemicals: United States production and sales of cyclic intermediates, 
J95<S- -Continued 



Quantity 



l,<i-BlE[l-aiithraquinonylamlnD]anthraqulnone 

3,9-Bls[l-aiithraquinonylanilno)-7H-ben2[de]anthracen-7-one 

^,'t' -Blsfdimethylajnlnojbenzhydrol (Michler's hydrol) 

■4,^' -Blsldiinethylaminojbenzophenone (Michler's ketone) 

3-Bromo-7H-benz[de] anthracen-7-one (Bromobenzanthrone) 

l-Chloroanthraqulnone 

2-Chloroanthraquinone 

o-Chlorobenz aldehyde 

Chlorobenzene, mono 

o-(p-Chlorobeuzoyl)benzolc acid 

l-Cl'LLoro-2,4-dl nitrobenzene ■ 

4-Chlorometanllic acid 

6-Chlorometanlllc acid 

l-Chloro-2-methylanthraqulnone 

2-Chloro-'i-nltroanlllne (o-Chloro-p-nitroanillne) 

4-Chloro-2-nltroanlltne (p-Chloro-o-nltroanlllne) 

l-Chloro-5-nltroanthraqulnone 

l-Chloro-8-nitroanthraqulnone 

l-Chloro-2(and 'i)-nitrobenzene (Chloronitrobenzenes, o- and p-) 

2-Chloro-5-nltrobenzenesulfonlc acid 

4-Chloro-3-nltrobenzenesulfonic acid 

^-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

o-CA-Chloro-S-nltrobenzoyllbenzolc acid 

2-Chloroqulnlzartn 

o-Chlorotoluene (Benzyl chloride) 

4-Chloro-o-toluldine [NHj =1] (5-Chloro-o-toluidlne [CH3 =1] ) 

5-Chloro-o-toluidlne hydrochloride [NHj=1] 

Creeols, total^ 

0-, m-, and p-Cresols, total 

(m, p)-Cresol 

(o,m,p)-Cresol'' 

Cresyllc acid, refined, total^ 

From coal tar 

From petroleum 

Cmnene 

Cyclohexane 

Cyclohexanol 

Cyolohexanone 

p-Cymene 

l,i-Di amino anthraquinone 

1,5-DlaminDanthraquinone 

2,6-Dlamlnoanthraquinone 

2,'4-Diaminobenzenesulfonic acid [SOjH-l] 

A, A -DiaminD-3,3 '-blphenyldlsulfonic acid 

A, A -Diamino-2,2 -stllbenedisulfonic acid 

l,5-Dianillno-2,6-anthraquinonedicarboxyllc acid 

2,'*-Dianillno-l-hydroxyanthraquinDne 

■ijS'-Dibenzamldo-ljl'-iminodlanthraquinone 

1,5-Dlbenzoylnflphthalene 

3,9-Dlbramo-7H-benz[de]anthracen-7-one 

2,5-Dichloroanillne and hydrochloride [NHj^l] 

1, 5-Dlchloroanthraqulnone 

1,8-Dichloroanthraqulnone 

o-Dichlorobenzene 

p-Dlchlorobenzene 

3,3' -Dichlorobenzidine base and salts 

2, A- and 2,5-Dlchlorobenzolc acids, total 

2,5-Dichloro-4-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolln-l-yl)benzenesulfonic acld- 

N,N-Diethylaniline— 

4,5-Dlhydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Chromotropic acid) 

4,5-Dihydroxy-l-naphthalenesulfonlc acid (Dioxy S acid) 

6,7-Dihydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

16,17-Dihydroxyviolanthrone (Dihydroxydibenzanthrone) 

2, 5-Dimethoxy aniline 

N,N-Dimethylaniline 

2,2'-Dimethyl-l,l'-bianthraquinone 

m-Dlnitrobenzene 

2,'i--DlnitrophenDl, tech 

4,4 '-Dinitro-2,2'-stilbenedisulfonlo acid and disodlum salt 

l,4-Di(p-toluidlno)anthraquinDne 

Dodecyl benzenes* 

2-(N-Ethylanilino)ethanol 

a-(N-Ethylanilino)-p-toluenesulfonic acid 

Ethylbenzene 

N-Ethyl-N-phenylbenzylamine (N,N-Ethylbenzylaniline) 

o-Formylbenzenesulfonic acid (o-Sulfobenzaldehyde) 

p-Hydrazinobenzenesiilfonic acid 

3-HydToxy-2-naphthoio acid (B.O.N. ) 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 

77 

187 

36 

119 

164 

173 

<192 

2<i3 

452,434 

964 

3,112 

32 

19 

131 

28-4 

371 

32 

60 

8,622 

171 

154 

93 

46 

18 

12,644 

49 



1,000 
pounds 



1.000 
dollars 



12,873 
12,631 
15,499 

80,768 



38,818 
41,950 

159,768 
267,408 
88,044 
125,013 

85 

205 

117 

42 

7 

1,009 

23 

18 

194 

60 

140 

272 

60 

33 

25,273 

57,565 

1,116 

25 

81 

991 



331 

386 

21 

7,746 

103 

1,785 

510 

1,474 

53 

486,005 

115 

419 

,170,595 

779 

192 

142 

3,165 



4,485 



3V.526 



11,324 
10,321 
15,881 

61,190 



27,244 
33,946 



3,571 



16,160 

46,280 

1,013 



386,116 
98 



1,403 



907 

19 

7,720 



3,976 
2,149 
1,595 

6,764 



3,660 
3,104 



1,733 
5,981 
1,384 



40,916 
87 



1,454 



14 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

TABLE 7A. --Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of cyclic intermediates, 

1956- -Continued 



Production 



(Juairtity Value 



N-(7-HycJroxy-l-naphthyl)acetamlde 

l,l'-IinlnobisK-aiiilnoaiithraq\ilnone] 

l,l'-Iminobls [5-beiizamidoanthraquinone] 

6,6'-Imlnobls[l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid] 

l,l'-Imlnodlanthraquinone (Dianthrimlde ) 

Isooyaulc acid, methylenedi-p-phenylene ester 

.i,<i'-Isopropylldenedlphenol (Bisphenol A) 

Isoviolanthrone (Isodlbenzanthrone) 

Leuco-l,4-diamlnoanthraqulnone 

Leuco quinizarin (1,4,9,10-Anthratetrol) 

Leuco tetrahydroxyanthxaqulnone 

2,4-Lutldlne--- --- 

Metanllic acid (m-AminobenzeneEulfonlo acid) 

2-Methyl-l-nltroanthraqulnone 

p- (3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl )benzenesulf onlc acld- 

3-Methyl-l-phenyl-2-pyrazolln-5-one (Developer Z) 

a-Methylstyrene 



Naphthalene, solidifying at 79"C., or above (refined Qake), total 

From American crude naptithalene 

From imported crude naphthalene 



1,5-Naphthalenedlsulfonic acid — . 

Naphthionlc acid, sodium salt 

1-Naphthol (a-Naphthol) 

2-Naphthol-3,6-disulfonlc acid (R acid), and disodium salt 

2-Naphthol-6,8-dlsulfonic acid (G acid) 

l-Naphthol-5-sulfonlc acid 

2-Naphthol-6-sulfonlc acid (Schaeffer's acid) 

1,8-NaphthoEultone 

Naphth[l,2] oxadiazole-5-sulfonic acid 

2-(Naphthylthlo)acetlc acid (p-Naphthylthloglycolic acid) 

p-Nitroacetanllide 

m-Nltro aniline 

2-, 3-, and -V-Nltro-o-anlsidines [NH2=i1. total 

5-Nitro-o-anlsidlne ( NH2»l] 

l-Nltro-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid 

5-Nitro-l-anthraquinonesulfonic acid 

Nitrobenzene 

m-Nltrobenzenesulfonlc acid and sodium salt 

5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonio acid [S03H=l] 

2-Nitro-p-toluidlne [NHj-I] 

16-Nltrovlolanthrone 

Nonyl phenol 

5-0xo-l-(p-sulfophenyl)-2-pyrazoline-3-oarboxylic acid (Pyrazolone T)- 

Phenol, grand total^ 

Natural, total 

From coal tar 

From petroleum 

Synthetic, total 

From cumene 

Other synthetic 



Phenylacetlo acid (a-Tolulo acid) 

Phenylacetic acid, potassium salt 

Phenylacetonitrile (o -Tolunltrile) 

p- Phenyl azoanlllne (p-Amlnoazobenzene) and hydrochloride 

m-Phenylenediamine 

o-Phenylenedl amine 

p-Phenylenedi amine 

Phenylglycine, potassium and sodium salts, total 

2,2'-(Phenylimlno)dlethanol 

Phthalic anhydride 

Phthallmide 

Plcoline (3,4-mixture)' -- 

2-Plcoline (a-Plooline)^ — 

2° Pyridine' 

Qulnaldine 

Quinizarin 

/^Resorcylic acid 

Salicylic acid, tech 

Styrene, all grades 

Tetrabramo-8,16-pyranthrenedione 

l,'i,5,8-Tetrachloroanthraqulnone 

l,2,'4-,5-Tetra''hlorobenzene 

1,4,5,8-Tetrakis[l',l",l'",l ""-anthraqulnonylamino] anthraqulnone 

(Pentaanthrajnlde) 

3,3'-Thiobis[7H-benz [de]anthracen-7-one] 

o-Tolldlne and salts 

Toluene- 2, 4-diamlne (4-m-Tolylenedlamlne) 



See footnotes at end of table. 



10 
156 

73 

10 

119 

100 

25,152 

41 
176 
133 

41 

181 

1,652 

134 

78 

392 

10,530 

3,564 



.000 
mnds 



U,776 



000 
dollar. 



3,299 



62,774 
17,790 

155 

1,077 

513 

1,316 

1,807 

34 

431 

44 

599 

108 

203 

145 

139 

169 

49 

110 

163,028 

1,204 

2,013 

1,646 

43 

20,101 

29 

549,163 



117 

14 



41,320 



30,300 
11,020 



5,679 



4,102 
1,577 



39,811 

34,548 

5,263 

509,352 
93,778 

415,574 

480 

1,126 

659 

132 

935 

67 

624 

3,116 

389 

315,237 



7,179 
864 

742 

4,260 

302,615 



35,725 

34,619 

5,106 

262,890 
85,617 

177,273 

353 

1,206 

139 



267,668 



797 
312 



1,155 
978 



47,567 
5,813 



5,025 

788 

41,754 

12,823 

28,931 

209 
519 
89 



50,094 



572 


516 


289 


446 


506 


207 


1,260 


1,351 


950 


19 






924 


38 


56 




21 


54 




1,369 


469 


1,175,645 


573,921 


89,961 


17 






48 






9,393 






227 






52 






142 






3,386 


381 


364 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



15 



TABLE 7A. --Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of cycli 

/95«--ContinueH 



ntermedi ates , 



o-(p-Toluyl)benzoio acid 

i-(o-Tolylazo)-o-toluidine (o-Amtnoazotoluene) 

a, a,a-Trichlorotoluene (Benzotrichloride) 

6,6'-Ureylenebis[l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid] (J acid urea)- 

Veratraldehyde (3,'i-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde) 

Violanthrone (Dibenzanthrone) 

o-Xylene 

Xylenols, total 

2,'^- and (o-,p-) Xylidines, total 

2^5-Xylidine (p-Xylidine) 



Production 



263 
■iSl 



3,757 



Quantity 



1.000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



Unit 
value^ 



pound 

$0.17 

3.24 

.05 



^ Unit values calcxaated on rounded figures. 

^ Includes data for coke ovens and gas-retort ovens reported to the Division of Bituminous Coal, U. S. 
Bureau of Mines, and for tar and petroleum refineries and other producers reported to the U. S. Tariff 
Commission. 

^ Includes some mixed cresols. 

* Includes keryl-type benzenes. 

' Includes data for coke ovens and gas-retort ovens reported to the Division of Bituminous Coal, U. S. 
Bureau of Mines, and for tar refineries and other producers reported to the U. S. Tariff Commission. 



Dyes 



Dyes are synthetic organic chemicals derived from cyclic 
intermediates (see the preceding section of this report). About 
three-fourths of the dyes consumed in the United States are used 
by the textile industry to dye natural and synthetic fibers or fabrics; 
the rest are used chiefly by the industries that produce organic pig- 
ments, paper, and leather. Of the several thousand different syn- 
thetic dyes that are known, more than two thousand are manufac- 
tured by one or more domestic producers. The large number of 
dyes results from the many different types of materials to which 
dyes are applied, the different conditions of service for which dyes 
are required, and the costs that a particular use can bear. Dyes 
are sold as pastes, powders, lumps, and solutions; concentrations 
vary from 6 percent to 100 percent. The concentration, form, and 
purity of a dye is deternnined largely by the use for which the dye 
is intended. 

Dyes are broadly grouped by chemical structure and by class of 
application. In terms of chemical structure, the most important 
dyes are the azo and anthraquinone dyes; in terms of class of appli- 
cation, the most important are the vat, direct, and acid dyes. 

Table 8A^ shows United States production and sales of dyes in 
1956, total and by individual dyes, grouped by Colour Index number 
and prototype number. The total domestic output of dyes in 1956 was 
152 million pounds; this output was 9. 8 percent less than the 168 
million pounds produced in 1955, but 6. percent more than the 143 
million pounds produced in 1954. Fluctuations in output during the 
past several years reflect variations both in domestic consumption 
by the textile industry and in sales to export markets. Sales of dyes 
amounted to 155 million pounds, valued at 185 million dollars, in 
1956, compared with 156 million pounds, valued at 184 million 
dollars, in 1 955 --indicating a decline of 0.9 percent in quantity and 
an increase of 1 . percent in value. 



2 See also table 8B, part m, which lists these products and identifies the manufacturers, and part 
A (table 28) of the appendix, which shows imports of dyes during 1954-56. 



16 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 8A. -Synthetic organic chemicals: United States product! 



nd sales of coal- tar dyes, 1956 



[Listed below are all coal-tar dyes for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where 
data were reported. ) Table 8B in part III lists all dyes for which data on production or sales were re- 
ported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Dye 



Grand total - 



Dyes for which separate statistics may not be shown 
Dyes for which separate statistics are shown below- - 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER 



Monoazo Dyes 



Spirit yellow R 

Oil yellow 

Chrysoidine Y 

Chrysoidine R 

Sudan I 

Orange G 

Amido naphthol red G — 

Chrome yellow 2G 

Chrome yellow R 

A20 alizarin yellow GP- 
Amido naphthol red 5B-- 

Fast scarlet G base 

Fast red GL base 

Fast red GL salt 

Sudan II 

Ponceau R 

Fast red B 

Chrome brown R 

Azo eosine G 

Fast red B salt 

Fast scarlet R base 

Fast scarlet R salt 

Metanil yellow 

Azoflavine RS 

Orange II 

Orange R 

Acid chrome garnet R 

Fast red A 

Azo rubine 

Cochineal red A 

Chrome blue black R 

Chrome black T 

Acid chrome red B 

Chrome flavine A 



i.OOO 
pounds 

151,575 



Dlsazo Dyes 



Resorcin brown 

fiesorcin dark brown 

Acid black lOB 

Azo dark green A 

Brilliant croceine M 

Cloth red B 

Milling orange 

Cloth scarlet G 

Direct fast red 8BL 

Fast acid cyanlne 5R ex 

Acid chrome black F 

Fast acid black 2BN 

Fast acid cyanlne black B- 

Dlrect fast heliotrope 

Direct fast scarlet 

Direct fast scarlet iBA — 

Bismarck brown G 

Bismarck brown R 

Chrome fast yellow C 

Direct fast yellow 5GL 

See footnotes on page 22. 



28,739 
122,836 



108,856 



538 

163 
,030 
392 
322 



563 
,691 



377 

331 

1,.65'; 

60 
279 
27 



263 

370 
107 



671 
192 
130 
934. 



29 I 



Quantity 



1,000 
pounds 
154,547 



27,091 
127,456 



111,889 



601 
161 
941 
424 
372 
32 



1,000 
dollars 
185,443 



42,662 
142,781 



93 


94 


87 


187 


189 


265 


248 


267 


241 


50 


47 


51 


91 


105 


149 


60 


76 


112 


99 


130 


134 


179 


161 


196 


852 


764 


569 


256 


289 


301 




21 


69 


967 


1,007 


647 


346 


385 


292 



148 
104 
497 
128 
998 
450 
464 
32 



102 


97 


947 


750 


1,960 


2,250 


15 


17 


10 


21 


416 


462 


350 


411 


1,774 


1,754 


37 


62 


304 


533 


32 


36 


24 


21 


9 


15 


246 


556 


394 


451 


109 


165 


239 


317 


320 


420 


19 


72 


824 


1,573 


210 


414 


120 


93 


1,001 


1,035 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



17 



TAHLE 8A. --Syntheti 



icals: Vniteri States products 



19 56 --Continue A 



657 
658 
662 
666 
667 
671 
676 
680 
681 
682 
698 
720 
722 
729 



Dye 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX mMBER--Continued 



Azo Z)yes--Contlnued 



Dlsazo Dyes--Continued 



Direct fast pink 2BL--- 

3rilllant yellow 

Chrysophenine G 

Congo red 

Congo corinth G 

Direct scarlet B 

Direct violet B 

Direct violet N 

Developed black BH 

Direct blue 23 

Direct orange R 

Direct fast red F 

Direct brown M 

Polar red 

Milling red G 

Benzopurpurine 'iB 

Benzo new blue 5B 

Direct blue 3B 

Acid anthracene red 3B- 

Fast blue B base 

Fast blue B salt 

Direct azurine G 

Direct blue RW 

Direct sl<y blue FF 

Direct pure blue 



Trlsazo Dyes 



Direct fast blue FR-- 
Direct fast black FF- 

Direct brown BT 

Direct black EW 

Direct black RX 

Direct green ET 

Direct green B 

Direct brown 3G0 

Congo brown G 



Direct yellow R 

Chloramine orange G- 
Stilbene yellow 



Pyrazalo 



Fast light yellow G- 
Xylene light yellow - 

Tartrazlne 

Polar yellow 

Chrome red B 

Pyrazol orange 



i« Dy< 



TriphenyUe thane and Diphenylnaphthylm 



Malachite green 

Rhoduline blue 6G 

Brilliant green 

Acid green B 

Fast acid green B 

Acid glaucine blue 

Para fuchsine 

Methyl violet B and base- 
Crystal violet 

Ethyl violet 

Acid violet 

Acid chrome azurol B 

Acid chrome cyanine R 

Victoria blue B 



1,000 
pounds 
30 
289 

126 
63 

109 



2,293 
505 

114 
189 
398 
205 

525 
26 



116 
72 
56 
24 

307 
63 



35 

147 
121 
5,404 
442 
173 
428 
672 



50 
184 
372 



91 

147 

22 

606 

37 

1,575 

660 

53 

72 

60 



327 
328 
147 

73 

129 

6 

12 
2,692 
609 
126 
172 
460 
216 

11 
605 

27 
124 



35 
203 
149 
6,120 
475 
171 
509 
739 
134 



54 

189 
340 



84 
140 

23 
552 

1,206 

614 

30 

101 

63 

7 

158 



1,000 
dollars 



510 
784 
132 



25 



2,090 
278 
116 
211 
502 
353 
25 
795 



81 
216 



106 
62 
566 



74 



209 
381 
4,099 
373 
159 
487 
639 
129 



644 

183 

1,168 



112 
353 
555 

111 
130 



1,565 



227 
160 
90 
630 

1,476 

1,562 

85 

184 

180 



See footnotes on page 22. 



18 

TABLE 8A. -Syntheti 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



als: Vniteri States product i 



ales of coal-tar dyes, J956- -Continued 



Dye 



Production 



Quantity 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER--Continued 



Triphenylme thane and Diphenylnaphthylne thane 
Dyes --Continued 



Naphthalene green V- 
V/ool green S 



1.000 
pounds 



Fluorescein 

Uranine (Fluorescein, alkali salt)- 
Tetrabromofluorescein 



Quinoline yellow- 



Thiazole Dye 



Primuline 

Direct fast yellow - 



Anne Dye 



Safranine 

Induline, water-soluble- 



Methylene blue- 



Sulfur 



Sulfide Dye 



Total^ 



Sulfur blaok-- 
Sulfur maroon- 
Sulfur ollve-- 
Sulfur yellow- 
All other 



Anthraqai 



Alizarin VI 

Alizarin red S 

Acid alizarin blue SE 

Acid alizarin blue B 

Alizarin irisol R 

Alizarin cyanine green 

Anthraquinone blue black B 

Acid anthraquinone sky blue B- 



Anthraqui 



Vat Dyes 



Anthraquinone 
Anthraquinone 
Anthraquinone 
Vat navy blue 
Anthraqu inone 
Anthraquinone 
Anthraquinone 
Anthraquinone 
Anthraquinone 
Anthraquinone 
Anthraquinone 
Anthraquinone 
Anthraquinone 
Anthraquinone 



vat golden orange G, 12"^- 
vat scarlet G, 16-2/3'* — > 

vat dark blue BO, 25^ 

NTP 



vat jade green, 6% 

vat green B and black B, 12-1/2 ' 

vat violet 2R, 12-1/2? 

vat blue RS, 10* 

vat blue GCS, 8-l/3°J 

vat blue GCD, 8-l/3^— 

vat olive R, 12-1/2?. 

vat brown R, 12-1/2^ - 

vat brown G, 12-1/2'J--- 

vat violet BN, 25^ 



Indigoid and Thioindigoid Dyes 



Indigo, synthetic, 20? — 
Bromindigo blue 2BD, !(/<,- 

Vat red 3B, 20:fc — 

Vat orange R, 10^ 



Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Dye 
Total 

See footnotes on page 22. 



1,879 



1.000 

pounds 



1,000 

dollars 

156 



104 
260 



81 
291 



16,811 


16,938 


l<i6 


167 




435 


278 


258 


8,407 


8,246 



35 
571 

23 
366 
104 



565 


222 


348 


330 


646 


627 


688 


625 


5,704 


6,268 


1,847 


2,113 


322 


288 


1,261 




881 


903 


2,368 


2,668 


1,286 


1,011 


1,152 


1,081 


670 


1,004 


143 


138 


9,442 


10,154 


580 


570 



1,710 



561 
28 



6,953 



3,738 
176 
120 
110 

2,309 



36 
126 

1,698 
119 

1,050 
252 
136 



461 
919 
1,306 
1,117 
4,129 
2,023 
578 

870 
3,344 
1,167 
1,814 
1,339 

801 



2,779 
495 

131 
592 



6,681 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



19 



TAHLE 8A. --SynfhetJ 



icals: UniteH States product! 



7956--Continued 



Dye 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER— Continued 
Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Dye5--Contlnued 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Colors 
Total 



Blue #1— 
Blue #2 — - 
Orange #1- 

Red #1 

Red #2 

Red #3 

Red #4 

Yellow #3- 
Yellow #<.- 
Yellow #5- 
Yellow #6- 
All other- 



Drug and Cosmetic Colors 



Total- 
Orange jfA- 

Red #7 

Red #9 

Red #19 — - 
Red #21— 
Yellow #5- 
All other- 



All Other Dyes Grouped by Colour Indei Numbe 

Total 

DYES GROUPED BY PROTOTYPE NUMBER 
Total 



Acid alizarin flavine R 

Acid anthracene brown PG 

Acid chrome blue 2R 

Algol yellow GO 

Alizarin direct blue A2G 

Alizarin supra blue A 

Anthracene chromate brown EB — 

Artificial silk black G 

Benzo Bordeaux 6B 

Benzo chrome black blue B 

Benzo copper blue B 

Benzo fast black L 

Benzo fast blue <iGL 

Benzo red 12B 

Brilliant benzo violet B 

Brilliant wool blue FFR 

Celliton orange GR 

Chlorantine fast brown BRL 

Chlorantine fast yellow 4GL 

Chlorantine fast yellow RL 

Cibacete sapphire blue G 

Diamine Bordeaux B 

Diamine catechine 3G 

Diamine fast blue FFB 

Diamine fast orange EG 

Diamine fast orange ER 

Diaminogen blue N2B 

Diazo Bordeaux 7B 

Diazo brilliant green 3G 

Diaizo brilliant scarlet 2BL ex- 

Diazo brilliant scarlet ROA 

Diazo fast red 5BL 

Diazo fast red 7BL 

Fast scarlet 2G salt 

Guinea carmine B 

Guinea fast red BL 

Helindon pink R ex 

Indanthrene brown BR 

Indanthrene brown RRD 

Indanthrene khaki 2G 



Production 



1,696 



171 
23 



402 

303 

84 



1,000 
pounds 

1,514 



10 
156 



16,033 



28,134 



,354 
27 
28 
130 



76 
271 
346 

22 
126 



24 

750 
607 
615 
947 



163 

156 

406 

26 

49 

29 

56 

288 

253 

55 



1,000 
dollars 
5,970 



14,828 



1,497 
20 
31 
161 
197 
15 
64 
41 
184 



441 
323 



125 
52 
166 



17 
126 
20 
32 
735 
631 
601 
920 



429 

452 
784 
1,285 
484 
208 
83 
167 
862 
790 
426 



12,576 



Unit 
value -"^ 



50,673 



2,112 
71 
145 
269 
198 
23 
106 
53 
322 
157 



$3.94 



13.00 

2.77 
5.03 
3.16 
18.62 
4.24 
2.86 
2.98 
2.93 
3.12 
7.75 



3.33 
2.09 
1.36 
4.50 

3.12 
1.78 



1.83 



1.50 
2.41 
1.56 
1.41 
3.55 
4.65 
1.67 
1.01 
1.53 
1.66 
1.29 
1.75 
2.66 
3.71 
2.24 



88 


1.47 


313 


.71 


576 


1.78 


22 


2.00 


331 


2.53 


77 


1.45 


75 


1.23 


203 


2.21 


254 


2.03 


103 


1.98 


321 


1.93 


57 


3.00 


51 


3.19 


208 


3.47 


60 


2.22 


22 


3.14 


49 


2.88 


93 


.74 


24 


1.20 


67 


2.09 


1,179 


1.60 


1,283 


2.03 


1,064 


1.77 


1,044 


1.13 



aee footnotes on page 22. 



20 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

TABLE 8A. -Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of coal-tar dyes, 1956--CnntLr 



Ctolour 
Index 

or 
proto- 
type 
No. 



Dye 



DYES GROUPED BY PROTOTYPE NUMBER- -Continued 



Indanthrene rublne R 

Milling yellow H5G 

Neolan blue GG 

Oxydiaminogen OB 

Paper red A ex 

Rapidogen blue D 

Rapidogen Bordeaux R 

Rapidogen red GS 

Rapidogen red RS 

Rapidogen scarlet RS 

Rapidogen yellow G 

Rosanthrene fast Bordeaux 2BL-- 

Rosanthrene orange R 

Sulphon yellow R 

Victoria fast violet 2R ex 

Victoria pure blue B 

Alizarin fast gray BBLW 

Brilliant indocyanine G 

Celliton fast blue FFR 

Celliton fast brown 3R 

Celliton fast pink B 

Celliton fast pink FF3B 

Celliton fast red GG 

Celliton fast red violet RN 

Celliton fast rubine B 

Celliton fast rubine 3B 

Celliton fast violet 6B 

Celliton fast yellow G 

Celliton scarlet B 

Celliton yellow 5G 

Chlorantine fast red 5BRL 

Diazo fast yellow 2G 

Fast blue BB base 

Fast Bordeaux GP base 

Fast Bordeaux GP salt 

Fast orange GC base 

Fast orange GC salt 

Fast orange GR salt 

Fast red XL salt 

Fast red 3GL base 

Fast red 3GL salt 

Fast red KB base 

Fast red KB salt 

Fast red RC base 

Fast red RC salt 

Fast red TR salt 

Sirius supra orange GG 

Sirius supra turquoise blue GL-- 
Indanthrene brilliant violet 3B- 

Indanthrene direct black RB 

Indanthrene golden orange 3G 

Indanthrene golden yellow GK 

Indanthrene golden yellow RK 

Indanthrene olive green B 

Indanthrene red FEB- 

Monochrome black blue G 

Naphthol AS 

Naphthol AS-BO-- 

Naphthol AS-BR 

Naphthol AS-BS 

Naphthol AS-D - 

Naphthol AS-G 

Naphthol AS-OL - 

Naphthol AS-RL 

Naphthol AS-SW 

Neolan orange G 

Neolan yellow GR 

Palatine fast green BLN 

Palatine fast marine blue REN 

Palatine fast pink BN 

Palatine fast yellow ELN 

Rapidogen blue N 

Rapidogen brown IPT 

Rapidogen orange R 

Rapidogen violet B 

Cotonerol 

Fast red ITR salt 



Production 



236 
719 

150 



231 
102 
181 



311 
127 
22 

161 



31 
l'i2 



207 
122 



255 
702 

155 



307 
161 



217 
104 



52 


48 


602 


553 


73 


79 


365 


395 


495 


505 


497 


518 


85 


71 


383 


1,322 


269 






106 


867 


411 


27 


24 




12 


190 


100 


338 


266 



36 

12 

900 

21 



1.000 
dollars 
117 

25 
445 
810 
397 
195 

21 
369 
158 
394 
182 

27 
223 



380 
261 



780 
78 
233 



135 
499 
212 
60 
403 



29 
221 



143 
225 



82 

88 

1,445 

237 

779 

1,072 

1,044 

255 

1,426 

228 
660 



233 

421 

195 

111 

33 

923 

123 

105 

22 

43 

122 

89 

116 

412 

89 

46 

714 



See footnotes on page 22. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



21 



TARLE SA.-Syntheti 



chemicals: United States rrodiiction and sales of coal-tar dyes, J956- -Cont inueH 



Production 



Quantity 



DYES GROUPED BY PROTOTYPE NUMBER- -Continued 

Sirius supra gray VOL 

Indanthrene orange <iR 

Chlorantine fast red 6BLL 

Chlorantine fast violet 5BL 

Chlorazol blue 5GKS ■ 

Sirius light blue FBGL ■ 

Chlorantine fast violet 2RL 

Fast red PDC base 

Fast red PDC salt 

Indanthrene red violet RRN 

Naphthol AS-LG 

Gellitazol AZN 

Chrome fast green G 

Direct chinoline 

Eastman fast yellow GLF 

Indanthrene olive T 

Naphthol AS-MX 

Naphthol AS-PH - 

Pontamlne black AWG 

Pontamlne navy blue DB 

Solantine orange 4-G 

Sirius supra yellow R ex 

Superlite fast blue 8GLN 

Superlite fast blue RL 

All other dyes grouped by prototype number 

UNGROUPED DYES 

Total 

Acetate rayon dyes, total (see table 10 for total of 

all acetate rayon dyes)* 

Black, B, EC, 3G, GGN, GS, GY, JRW, LNB, MPB, NC, . 
PL, RB, SS' - 

Blue A8-7, AS-<i5, B, 2B, BG, CR, FSI, G, 2G, GBN, 
GFD, 3G-GFD, 5G-GFD, GLF, GLT, GP, GR, GSF, 
GSFR, GSS, LWGF, MJ, NBN, NBNJ, NSP, 2R, A-R, 
RB, RBN, 3RL, SS, WNBN^ - 

Navy blue BP, BR, Direct, EC, LB, MG, NVY, R, RG--- 

Red VI-X, B, 2B, 3B, 2B-GLF, <iBLL, C, FSI, G, GLF, 
GSF, NB, N-GLF, R, RP, Y, YP' 

Scarlet III, B, FS, GSF 

Yellow IX, XI, #91, CW, FSI, 3G, 5G, 8-GLF, GR, M, 
N, R, 5R, R-GFD, 2R-GLF, 4.RL, ABIA, AKLF, RN, 
W-GLF, YL^-- 

All other acetate rayon dyes 

Acid black AR, 4B, GRF, N, NRB, RB 

Acid blue, B, BRL, G, L, NB, R 

Acid brown BL, CRTA, ITGA, M-130, NY, PGMA, RD, 2RL-- 

Acid orange R, 2R, RL 

Acid violet BD, R, 2R, 3RL, RNL 

Azoic dyes and their components, total (see table 10 

and table lA for data on all azoic dyes and their 

components)' 

Chrome yellow 2GN, GRR, SW 

Direct black CW, 5G, 3GR, HH, NV, 20B, RCW, SBJ 

Direct brown #230, BY, CH, DB, DW, FF, GB, 3GS, KRS, 

R, RB, 4RL, RRF, RRK, RY 

Direct fast blue BFL, BLL, BRN, CPL, 8G, 4GLR, LBFU, 

LBGL, LBL, LBR, L5GA, L5R, ML, NPC, RL, 3RL, UGLL-- 
Direct fast brown BCL, CS, LBT, LLC, R, ■iR, RL, 2RL, 

-iRL, RLL, SKRL, 3YL 

Direct fast gray #3^749, BL, GL, 2GL, 3GL, LBUL, 

LGL, LWBG — 

Direct fast orange 2GL, L8GL, LWF, 3LWF, NAR, R 

Direct fast yellow EFC, 5G, AGLP, LLR, L-2RX 

Direct green FFW, 5GSC, Y -- — 

Direct white, B, <;b, CN, DPS, DS-86, GG, GO, HS-76, 

K, LD, MR, M2R, P-iB, 2R, RN, RW, RWS, SB, SC, 

WANS, WCN - 

Oil blue A, AP, NE - 

Oil red, ED, EGN, N-1700, 0, OB, RO 

All other ungrouped dyes 



1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


pounds 


pounds 


dollars 




8 


14 


3A 


47 


165 


112 


117 


269 




9 


29 


152 


165 


228 


213 


193 


298 


76 


81 


172 


81 


82 


210 


269 


253 


400 


149 


123 


138 


28 


29 


126 


894 


1,030 


792 


30 


18 


24 


169 






41 


74 


110 


1,380 


1,282 


1,629 


24 


15 


31 


202 


183 


209 


33 


32 


35 


50 


56 


77 


59 


67 


172 


222 


211 


462 




44 


77 


57 


66 


114 


6,283 


5,687 


14,629 



14,585 



2,080 



1,057 



139 
273 



1,359 



3,635 

38 

591 

6,423 



14,896 



1,172 



180 
204 



3,477 



600 
6,576 



4,661 



2,548 
126 



380 

440 



2,899 
8 
67 



126 
28 



10,415 
194 



See footnotes on page 22. 



22 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Fnntnotps fnr table !>A 

^ Calculated on rounded figures. 

^ Does not include derivatives of carbazole (Colour Index Nos. 948, 969). 

^ Includes drug and cosmetic colors, external, data on which cannot be published separately without dis- 
closing information received in confidence. 

^ Excludes acetate rayon dyes that appear under "Dyes grouped by prototype number." 

' Includes developed black, diazo black, and printing black. 

* Includes brilliant blue, fast blue, and violet blue. 

' Includes rubine. 

' Includes fast yellow, golden yellow, and printing yellow. 

' Does not include azoic dyes and their components that appear under "Dyes grouped by Colour Index number" 
and "Dyes grouped by prototype number. " 

Production of dyes grouped by Colour Index number ^vas 109 mil- 
lion pounds in 1956, compared with an output of 119 million pounds 
in 1955- -representing a decline of 8. 5 percent. Sales of Colour 
Index dyes totaled 112 million pounds, valued at 99 million dollars, 
in 1956, compared with 111 million pounds, valued at 97 million 
dollars, in 1955--an increase of 0.8 percent in quantity and 2.4 
percent in value. Production and sales of prototype dyes showed the 
greatest declines. The output of prototype dyes in 1956 was 28 mil- 
lion pounds, or 15.0 percent less than the 33 million pounds pro- 
duced in 1955. Sales of these dyes in 1956 totaled 28 million pounds, 
valued at 51 million dollars, compared with sales in 1955 of 30 mil- 
lion pounds, valued at 54 million dollars- -representing a decline of 
8. 9 percent in quantity and 5. 5 percent in value. Production of un- 
grouped dyes in 1956 totaled 15 million pounds, or 8. 5 percent less 
than the 16 million pounds produced in 1955. Sales of these dyes 
amounted to 15 million pounds, valued at 36 million dollars, in 
1956, compared with 15 million pounds, valued at 33 million dollars, 
in 1955--showing an increase of 2. 5 percent in quantity and 7. 4 per- 
cent in value . 

Among the individual dyes for which statistics are given in this 
report, substantial increases in production were reported for many 
low^- and medium-priced dyes. The output of sulfur black was 16.8 
million pounds in 1956, compared with 16. 3 million pounds in 1955 
and 11.5 million pounds in 1954; that of direct white dyes was 3.6 
million pounds in 1956, compared with 3. 1 million pounds in 1955 
and 1.4 million pounds in 1954. The increase in output between 

1955 and 1956 for acid black lOB (C. I. dye 246) was 23. 2 percent; 
the increase for indanthrene olive T (Pr. dye 547) was 18.6 percent; 
and that for Sudan I (C. I. dye 24) was 18. 1 percent. 

On the other hand, production of many important dyes was 
smaller in 1956 than in 1955. The output of synthetic indigo in 1956 
was 9. 4 million pounds, or 24. 6 percent less than the 12.5 million 
pounds reported for 1955; that of direct black EW (C. I. dye 581) 
was 5.4 million pounds, or 11.6 percent less than the 6. 1 nnillion 
pounds reported for 1955. The decline in output between 1955 and 

1956 for chrome blue black R (C. I. dye 202) was 70. 1 percent; that 
for indanthrene brown BR (Pr. dye 1 18) was 44. percent; that for 
anthraquinone vat green B and black B (C. I. dye 1102), was 37. 1 
percent; and that for algol yellow GC (Pr. dye 9), was 35. percent. 

Table 9 shows production and sales of dyes in 1956, by chemical 
class. Four chemical classes of dyes accounted for 82. 2 percent of 
the total quantity of dyes produced in 1956. Azo dyes accounted for 
33.7 percent of the total; anthraquinone vat dyes, for 19. 1 percent; 
sulfur or sulfide dyes, for 21. 2 percent; and indigoid and thioindigoid 
dyes, for 8. 2 percent. The output of all these dyes, except sulfur 
dyes, was smaller in 1956 than in 1955. Production of anthraquinone 
vat dyes declined 26.6 percent; indigoid and thioindigoid dyes, 20.8 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



23 



percent; and azo dyes, 14. 5 percent. The putput of sulfur dyes, on 
the other hand, increased 25.8 percent. 

Table 10 shows the average annual production of dyes in the 5 
years 1950-54, together with annual data for 1955 and 1956, by class 
of application. Table 11 gives corresponding data for sales. Two 



TABLE 9.--Syntheti 



rganic chemicals: United States 



proriih 
1956 



■tion and sales of coal- tar dyes , by chemical class, 



Chemical class 



Quantity 



Unit 
value ■"■ 



. Total - 

Azo 

Sulfur or sulfide^ 

Anthraquinone vat^ 

Indigoid and thioindigoid 

Triphenylmethane and diphenylnaphthylmethane- 

Anthraqulnone 

Stilbene 

Pyrazolone 

Phthalocyanine 

Xanthene 

Ketonimine 

Thiazole 

Thiazine 

Quinoline 

Acridlne 

All other* 



1.000 
pounds 

151,575 



1,000 



154, S-i? 



1,000 
dollars 

185, iA3 



pound 
$1.20 



50,977 

32,160 

28,920 

12,'i98 

5,778 

5,736 

5,360 

1,486 

763 

732 

670 

410 

280 

256 

84 

5,465 



54,317 

32,627 

28,576 

13,124 

4,411 

5,915 

5,365 

1,315 

692 

662 

798 

419 

344 

250 

67 

5,665 



77,517 

8,910 

39,880 

6,933 

9,028 

12,706 

12,759 

3,093 

2,149 

2,609 

1,565 

805 

601 

894 

163 

5,831 



1.43 

.27 

1.40 



•'^ Calculated on rounded figures. 

^ Colour Index dyes only. 

^ Includes carbazole vat dyes. 

* Includes azine, oxazine, and sulfur dyes not included in Colour Index group, and miscellaneous, dyes. 
Statistics for these groups cannot be published separately without disclosing information received in confi- 
dence. 



TARU^ 10. -Syntheti 



rganic chemicals 



United States product io 
6e 1950-54, annual 1955 



jf coal-ta 
1 1956 



dyes, by cla 



,f appli 



Class of application 



Average 
1950-54 



Quantity (1,000 pounds) 



Total— -- 

Acetate rayon 

Acid 

Azoic 

Basic 

Direct 

Lake and spirit-soluble- 

Xfcirdant and chrome 

Sulfur 

Vat, total - 

Indigo 

All other 

All other coal-tar dyes- 
Total 

Acetate rayon 

Acid 

Azoic 

Basic 

Direct 

Lake and spirit-soluble- 

Kordant and chrome 

Sulfur 

Vat, total 

Indigo 

All other 

All other coal-tar dyes- 



167,358 



6,869 

16,020 

8,375 

7,655 

32,491 

5,956 

5,117 

21,850 

59,882 



18,559 
41,323 



168,005 



5,737 
14,918 
8,983 
8,790 
32,437 
7,031 
6,376 
25,572 

55.300 



12,518 
42,782 



151,575 



5,129 

13,460 

8,073 

8,076 

29,720 

6,856 

4,147 

25,642 

47,969 



9,442 
38,527 



2,503 



Percent of total quantity 



4.1 


3.4 


9.6 


8.9 


5.0 


5.4 


4.6 


5.2 


L9.4 


19.3 


3.6 


4.2 



11.1 

24.7 



7.5 
25.4 



25.4 

1.8 



24 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE n.--Syntheti 



United States sales of coal- tar dyes, by class of applicat i 
erage 1950-54, annual 1955 and 1956 



Class of application 



Quantity (1,000 pounds) 



Total 

Acetate rayon 

Acid 

Azoic 

Basic 

Direct 

Lake and splrit-soluble- 

Mordant and chrome 

Sulfur 

Vat, total 

Indigo 

All other 

All other coal-tar dyes- 



Total- 

Acetate rayon 

Acid 

Azoic 

Basic 

Direct 

Lake and spirit-soluble- 

Mordant and chrome 

Sulfur 

Vat, total 

Indigo 

All other 

All other coal-tar dyes- 



Total 

Acetate rayon 

Acid 

Azoic 

Basic 

Direct 

Lake and spirit-soluble- 

Mordant and chrome 

Sulfur 

Vat, total 

Indigo 

All other 

All other coal-tar dyes- 



Total 

Acetate rayon 

Acid 

Azoic 

Basic 

Direct 

Lake and spirit-soluble- 

Mordant and chrome 

Sulfur 

Vat, total - 

Indigo 

All other 

All other coal-tar dyes- 



157,223 



6,528 

1^,363 

7,116 

6,88i 

31,686 

5,602 

5,052 

21,897 

55,196 



18,266 
36,930 



2,899 



155,9 



5,337 

U,185 

7,937 

7,666 

31,106 

6,725 

5,803 

25,401 

49,311 



11,566 
37,745 



2,509 



154, 547 



5,550 

14,449 

7,014 

7,085 

32,030 

6,777 

5,046 

26,044 

48,305 



10,154 
38,151 



2,247 



Percent of total quantity 



4.2 
9.1 
4.5 
4.4 

20.2 
3.6 
3.2 

13.9 



7.4 
24.2 



3.6 
9.3 
4.5 
4.6 

20.7 
4.4 
3.3 

16.9 

31.2 
6.6 



Value (1,000 dollars) 



173,198 



10,206 

18,233 

13,641 

10,743 

38,454 

5,884 

5,764 

6,865 

55,790 



4,662 
51,128 



7,618 



183,628 



9,729 

20,429 

14,179 

13,928 

44,469 

7,672 

7,284 

6,639 

52,179 



3,327 
48,852 



7,120 



185,443 



9,861 

22,226 

13,558 

13,766 

47,993 

8,510 

6,502 

6,953 

48,897 



2,779 
46,118 



7,177 



Percent of total value 



6.2 
22.2 

3.4 



7.7 
7.6 
24.2 
4.2 
4.0 
3.6 

28.4 



7.4 
25.9 
4.6 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



25 



classes of dyes accounted for more than half the total output of all 
dyes in 1956; vat dyes accounted for 31.6 percent of the total, and 
direct dyes, for 19.6 percent. The output of both classes of dyes 
was smaller in 1956 than in 1955; production of vat dyes declined 
1 3. 3 percent and that of direct dyes, 8.4 percent. Compared with 
the 1950-54 average, the output of only sulfur dyes was greater in 
1956 (17.4 percent). The output of each of the remaining large 
groups of dyes in 1956 was smaller; that of the vat dyes in 1956 was 
19.9 percent smaller than the annual average for 1950-54; acid 
dyes, 16. percent smaller; and direct dyes, 8. 5 percent. 

Production and sales of ungrouped dyes (those having neither a 
Colour Index nor a prototype number) are shown by chemical class 
in table 12 and by class of application in table 13. Three chennical 
classes of ungrouped dyes accounted for 84. 5 percent of the total 
output of these dyes in 1956. Azo dyes accounted for 41. 1 percent 
of the total output; stilbene dyes, for 25. 7 percent; and anthraquinone 
vat dyes, for 17.7 percent. The output of stilbene dyes was 16.4 
percent larger in 1956 than it was in 1955; on the other hand, the 
output of ungrouped anthraquinone vat dyes was 15.4 percent smaller 
and that of azo dyes was 2. percent smaller. For ungrouped dyes 
arranged by class of application, three classes of dyes accounted 
for 72. 3 percent of the total output of these dyes: Direct dyes ac- 
counted for 39.6 percent, vat dyes, for 18.4 percent, and acetate 
rayon dyes, for 14. 3 percent. The output of all three of these 
classes was smaller in 1956 than in 1955; production of ungrouped 



TABLE 12- -Synthetic orga 



chemicals: United States production and sale 
chemical class, 1956 



of ungrouped dyes, by 



Chemical class 



Production 



Quantity 



Total 

Anthraquinone 

Anthraquinone vat 

Azo 

Stilbene 

Triphenylmethane and diphenylnaphthylmethane- 
All other^— - 



U,585 



14, e 



1,000 
dollars 
35,521 



$2.38 



1,787 
2,586 
6,001 
3,742 
8 
461 



1,810 
2,798 
6,234 
3,576 

478 



3,984 

6,185 

13,047 

10,568 

1,737 



2.20 
2.21 
2.09 
2.81 

3.63 



Calculated on rounded figures, 
^ Includes sulfur, indigoid and thioindigoid, triphenylmethane (sales), pyrazolone, xanthene, acridine, 
quinoline, and miscellaneous dyes. 



TABLF 13. -Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of ungrouped dyes, by class of 

application, 1956 



Class of application 



Quantity 



Unit 
value "'" 



po 



Total 

Acetate rayon 

Acid 

Azoic 

Direct 

Lake and spirit -soluble- 

Mordant and chrome 

Vat 

All other^ 



1,000 
mds 

14,585 



1,000 
pounds 

14,896 



1,000 
dollars 

35,521 



2,080 

692 

1,359 

5,792 

1,356 

61 

2,680 

565 



2,374 
788 
1,275 
5,640 
1,333 



4,661 
1,735 
2,899 
14,771 
2,960 
154 
6,487 
1,854 



$2.38 



1.96 
2.20 
2.27 
2.62 
2.22 
2.33 
2.25 
3.43 



^ Calculated on rounded figures. 

^ Includes basic, sulfur, and miscellaneous dyes. 



26 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

vat dyes declined 25. 1 percent, acetate dyes, 20. 2 percent, and 
direct dyes, 2.9 percent. 

Table 14 shows production and sales of azoic dyes and their 
components in 1956. The output of these products totaled 8. 1 mil- 
lion pounds, or 9. 7 percent less than the 8. 9 million pounds pro- 
duced in 1955. Sales of these products were 7. million pounds, 
valued at 13.6 million dollars, in 1956, compared with 7.9 million 
pounds, valued at 14. 2 million dollars, in 1955--showing a decline 
of 11.6 percent in quantity and 4.4 percent in value. Except for the 
Rapidogens - -production of which was 0.8 percent higher in 1956 
than in 1955--the output of the remaining three groups was smaller 
in 1956 than in 1955; the output of fast color salts declined 17. 9 
percent, that of Naphthols, 7.9 percent, and that of fast color bases, 
7. 7 percent. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



27 



TABLE lA. -Synthetic organic chemicals 



Uni ted States product i 
1956 



dyes and their components t 



Dye or component 



Produc- 
tion 



Quantity 



Grand total^ 

Dyes and components for which separate statistics may 
not be shown^ 

Dyes and components for which separate statistics are 
shown below 

DTES 

Rapidogen, total 

Black 

Blue D 

Blue N 

Blue, other^ 

Bordeaux R 

Brown IPT 

Orange R 

Red OS 

Red RS 

Red, other 

Scarlet RS 

Violet B 

Yellow G 

Yellow, other 

COMPONENTS 

Fast color bases, total 

Blue B 

Blue BE 

Bordeaux GP 

Orange GC 

Red GL— - 

Red 3GL 

Red KB 

Red PDC 

Red RC 

Scarlet R 

All other 

Fast color salts, total 

Blue B 

Bordeaux GP 

Orange GC 

Orange W. 

Red AL 

Red B 

Red GL 

Red 3GL 

Red ITR 

Red KB — - 

Red PDC 

Red RC 

Red TR - 

Red, other 

Scarlet 2G 

Scarlet R 

All other 

Naphthols, total 

Naphthol AS 

Naphthol AS-BO 

Naphthol AS-BR 

Naphthol AS-BS 

Naphthol AS-D 

Naphthol AS-G 

Naphthol AS-LG— 

Naphthol AS-MX 

Naphthol AS-OL 

Naphthol AS-PH 

Naphthol AS-RL -- 

Naphthol AS-SW- 

All other 



8,073 



180 
7,893 



1,812 



668 
92 



231 
102 
U2 
181 



116 
18 



122 

81 



179 



2,195 



120 
852 
101 

2,902 



867 



190 
338 



731 



1,000 
pounds 

7,014 



1,000 

dollars 

13,558 



172 
6,842 



1,771 



546 
13,012 



4,150 



657 
97 
60 

102 
10 



124 
175 



1,641 
195 
116 
193 

21 
412 

89 
369 
158 
283 
394 

46 
182 



1,308 



129 
12 



35 
27 
104 
82 
9 
161 
337 



21 
225 
210 
■ 25 
196 
275 

2,476 



34 
142 
130 



126 
764 
131 

1,993 



29 
221 
134 

87 
143 

72 

24 
400 

12 

82 
124 

93 
569 
332 

5,078 



12 
100 
266 



40 
183 



438 

417 



660 

54 

41 

233 

421 

195 

126 

31 

111 

209 

33 

923 

2,041 



Calculated on rounded figures. 
^ Totals shown represent all azoic dyes and their components. Totals shown in tables 8A and 13 represent 
ungrouped dyes and their components only. 

^ Includes rapid fast dyes, fur dyes, and "all other" rapidogen dyes. 
* Includes navy blue. 
' Colour Index number. 



28 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Toners and Lakes 



As the terms are used in this report, toners and lakes are syn- 
thetic organic pigments. Statistics on production and sales of all 
toners and lakes are given in table 15A.' Statistics on the commer- 
cial forms of a few selected pignnents (dry, flushed, pulp, or dis- 
persed) are given in table 16. Wherever possible, individual toners 
and lakes are identified by their Colour Index or prototype number, 
by the Colour Index or prototype number of the dye from which they 
may be made, or by abbreviations indicating the intermediates used 
in their manufacture. 

Synthetic organic pigments are used in paints and related prod- 
ucts, in printing inks, and in plastics and resin materials. Toners 
are full-strength pigments; reduced toners and lakes are extended 
or diluted colors. 

The total output of full-strength toners, reduced toners, and 
lakes was 41. million pounds in 1956, or 7. 8 percent less than the 
44. 5 million pounds reported for 1955, but slightly more than the 
40. million pounds reported for 1954. Sales amounted to 33. 1 mil- 
lion pounds, valued at 57.8 million dollars, in 1956, compared with 
38. million pounds, valued at 64. 3 million dollars, in 1955--a 
decline of 13. 1 percent in quantity and 10. 1 percent in value. 



TABLE \5A.--Syntheti 



chemicals: United States prortuction anti sales of toners and lake 



1956 



[Listed below are all toners and lakes for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no 
data are reported. ) Table 15B in part III lists all toners and lakes for which data on production or sales 
were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Production 



Quantity 



Unit 
value'' 



Grand total 

TONERS OR FULL-STREKJTH COLORS 

Total—- — - - 

Black toners 

Blue toners, total 

Alkali blue, C.I. 704 - - - 

Phthalocyanine blue B (alpha modification), Pr. <i81 

Setoglaucine (Peacock blue G) (C.I. 658), PMA 

Setoglaucine (Peacock blue G) (C.I. 658), PTA 

Victoria blue B (C.I. 729), HJA and PTA 

Victoria pure blue B (Pr. 198), BJIA 

Victoria pure blue B (Pr. 198), PTA 

All other 

Brown toners 

Green toners, total 

Brilliant green (C.I. 662), IMA — - 

Brilliant green (C.I. 662) and thioflavine (C.I. 815), FMA- 
Brilliant green (C.I. 662) and thioflavine (C.I. 815), PTA- 

Malachite green (C.I. 657), PTA 

Phthalocyanine green, Pr. 483 

Pigment green B, Pr. 149 

All other 

Maroon toners, total 

B.O.N, maroon (Lithol maroon) (Tobias acid and ton) 

Toluidine maroon (Naphthol AS-BS and mnpt) 

All other 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
<ounds 
40,992 



28,532 



2,273 



20 
101 



30 
450 



2,279 



1,744 
373 



1,000 
pounds 
33,066 



1,000 
dollars 
57,788 



22,396 



34 
2,944 



932 
1,453 



29 
362 



2,040 



343 
1,590 



45,685 



8,900 



2,107 

4,560 

19 

100 

404 

217 

149 

1,344 

291 

6,843 



31 
181 
297 



454 
5,811 



2,688 



257 

113 

2,318 



$1.75 



1.47 



3.02 
2.26 
3.14 
4.75 



4.34 
4.02 



3.35 
3.87 
5.32 



3.65 



4.01 
1.66 
3.77 
4.78 



3 See also table 15B, part III, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manu- 
facturers. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 

TAHLE ISA. - -.Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of toners and lakes, 

1956'- Cont inued 



29 



Production 



Quantity Value ^^^i 



TONERS OR FULL-STREN3TH COLORS- -Continued 

Orange toners, total 

Benzidine orange (dob and pup) 

Dianisidine orange (dianisidine and aaa or aaot) 

2,A-Dinitroaniline orange (dna and bn) 

o-Nitroaniline orange (ona and bn) 

All other 

Red toners, total 

o-Chloro-p-nitroaniline red (Chlorinated para red) (ocpna 

and bn) 

Eosine (Bromo acid toner) (C.I. 76S) 

Lithol red 2G (C.I. 166) - 

Lithol red R, C.I. 189, total 

Barium toner 

Calcium toner 

Sodium and other toners 

Lithol rubine B (C.I. 163) 

Naphthol reds, total 

Naphthol AS (Pr. 302) and dca 

Naphthol AS (Pr. 302) and pnot— 

Naphthol AS-BS (Pr. 305) and pnoa 

Naphthol AS-D (Pr. 306) and pnot 

Naphthol reds, other 

Para red, light, C.I. 44 

Para red, dark 

Permanent red 2B (Pr. 563) 

Pyrazolone red 

Red lake C, C.I. 165 

Rhodamine B (C.I. 749), IMA 

Rhodamine B (C.I. 749), FTA 

Rhodamine 6G (Rhodamine 6GDN) (Rhodamine Y) (C.I. 752), FMA- 
Rhodamine 6G (Rhodamine 6GDN) (Rhodamine Y) (C.I. 752), PTA- 

Toluidine red, C.I. 69 

All other 

Violet toners, total 

Methyl violet B (C.I. 680), fugitive 

Methyl violet B (C.I. 680), IMA 

Ail other 

Yellow toners, total 

Benzidine yellow (deb and aaa) 

Benzidine yellow (deb and aaot) 

Hansa yellov/s, total 

Hansa yellow G, Pr. 103 

Hansa yellow 5G, Pr. 104 

Hansa yellow lOG, Pr. 105 

Hansa yellow, other 

All other 



pounds 



1.000 
dollars 

818 



116 
162 



16,219 



105 
146 



13,110 



213 
277 
215 
82 



18,714 



546 

1,386 

187 

5,381 

3,282 

1,575 

524 

688 

500 

56 

109 

98 

115 

122 

734 

388 

1,398 

189 

1,322 

16 

23 



2,671 
635 



346 
335 
158 

3,927 



340 

159 

4,715 

2,760 

1,432 

523 

772 

343 

51 

104 

89 

67 

32 

610 

329 

1,387 

157 

973 

12 

21 



2,196 
989 



676 

~23T 

250 

139 



431 

232 

4,388 

2,534 

1,348 

506 

1,066 

1,109 

144 

285 

318 

223 

139 

653 

359 

2,554 

624 

1,347 

63 

131 

279 

345 

3,572 

1,561 

1,396 



1,655 
744 

1,246 
773 
17 
159 
297 
282 



2,438 
§37" 
563 
915 
600 
19 
110 
186 
123 



422 
652 
322 

5,985 



1,< 

1,337 

2,427 

1,367 

39 

251 

770 

352 



Production 



Toner 
content 



Quantity 



REDUCED OR EXTENDED TONERS 
Total— - 

Products for which separate statistics may not be 
shown^ 

Products for which separate statistics are shovni 
belov/ 

Black toners, reduced: Basic black 

Blue toners, reduced, total 

Peacock blue R (C.I. 664), IMA— - 

Phthalocyanine blue B (alpha modification), 

Pr. 481 

Setoglaucine (Peacock blue G) (C.I-: 658), PMA--- 

Victoria blue B (C.I. 729), fugitive 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 

7,278 



1,873 



1,000 
pounds 

7,018 



8,829 



121 
7,157 



1,332 



127 
6,891 



8,735 



2,091 



1,978 



12 



1,500 



10 
556 



1,430 



2,144 
21 



See footnotes at end of table. 



30 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE ISA. --Syntheti 



United States produ 
7956 --Continued 



Toner 

content 



Quantity 



REDUCED OR EXTENDED TOKEHS- -Continued 
Brown toners, reduced 

Green toners, reduced, total 

Brilliant green (C.I. 662), BtA 

Brilliant green (C.I. 662) and thioflavine (C.I 

815), IMA—- - 

Brilliant green (C.I. 662) and thioflavine (C.I 

815), PTA - 

Pigment green B, Pr. K9 

All other 

Orange toners, reduced, total 

o-Nitroaniline orange (ona and bn) 

All other 

Red toners, reduced, total 

Eosine (Bromo acid toner) (C.I. 768) 

Lithol red R, C.I. 189 

Lithol rubine B (C.I. 163)— 

Naphthol reds, total 

Naphthol AS-BS (Pr. 305) and pnoa 

Naphthol reds, other 

Para red, light, C.I. ^ 

Para red, dark 

Permanent red 2B (Pr. 563) 

Rhodamine B (C.I. 74.9), IMA, PTA, and fugitive- 
Rhodamine 6G (Rhodamine 6GDN) (Rhodamine Y) 

(C.I. 752), mk - 

Rhodamine 6G (Rhodamine 6GDN) (Rhodamine Y) 

(C.I. 752), PTA — - 

Toluldine red, C.I. 69 --- 

All other 

Violet toners, reduced, total 

Ethyl violet (C.I. 682), BIA and PTA 

Methyl violet B (C.I. 680), fugitive 

Methyl violet B (C.I. 680), BAA 

All other 

Yellow toners, reduced: 

Benzidine yellow (deb and aaa) 

Benzidine yellow (deb and aaot) 

Hansa yellows 



1,000 



1,508 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



1,488 



2,070 



10 

360 

1,065 



62 
330 



366 
1,037 



29 



197 
1,713 



1,765 

3" 

198 

42 
600 
336 
264 

18 

39 
395 

81 



39 

115 



1,701 



1,626 



621 
346 
275 
18 
38 
363 



38 
123 



213 
38 



69 
187 
592 



122 
27 
34 



508 
83 

216 
37 



130 
577 



42 
523 

277 

246 

4 

10 

557 



132 

32 
78 
88 

1,207 



"65§" 
95 
208 
246 



119 
105 
344 



Production 



Quantity 



LAKES OR LAKED COLORS 
Total 

Products for which separate statistics may not be shovm-' 
Products for which separate statistics are shown below — 

Black lakes: Logwood black (C.I. 1253) 

Blue lakes, total 

Brilliant wool blue FFR (Pr. 40) 

Peacock blue, fugitive (Patent blue) (C.I. 671) 

All other 

Brovm lakes 

Green lakes 

Maroon lakes 

Orange lakes: Persian orange (Acid orange Y) (Orange II) 
(C.I. 151) — - 



1,000 
ounds 

5,182 



'.,000 
ounds 
3,652 



1,000 
dollars 
3,274 



165 
5,017 



103 
3,549 



3,193 



91 
2,639 



1,300 



2,507 
104 



IT 
1,194 
78 



1,223 



1,172 
35 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



31 



TARLE 15\.--Synthetic organic chemicals 



United States produ 
/956 --ContinueH 



Quantity 



Unit 
value""^ 



LAKES OR LAKED COLORS--Continued 

Red lakes, total 

Alizarin red B (C.I. 1027)— - 

Pigment scarlet 3B (C.I. 216) 

Scarlet 2R (C.I. 79) 

All other 

Violet lakes, total 

Methyl violet 

All other 

Yellow lakes: 

Fast light yellow (C.I. 636) 

"Tartrazine (C.I. 640) 



1,000 
pounds 

1,087 



1ST 
186 
307 
-ill 



1,000 
pounds 
997 



1,000 
dollars 
1,167 



104 
184 
318 
391 



240 
285 
178 
464 



$1.17 



1.15 
.89 



1.62 
1. 14 



Calculated on rounded figures. 
^ Includes all maroon reduced toners and unspecified black reduced toners. 
^ Includes unspecified black, orange, and yellow lakes. 

Note. — The C.I. (Colour Index) and Pr. (prototype) numbers shown in this report are the identifying 
numbers given respectively in the Colour Index and in the prototype list of the Technical Manual and 
Yearbook of the American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists. A C.I. or Pr. number enclosed in 
parentheses is alv/ays the number, in the Index or Manual , of the dye from v^hich the specified toner or lake 
v/as produced. If the C.I. or Pr. number is not enclosed in parentheses, it indicates that the named toner 
is itself listed in the Index or Manual . 

The abbreviations BIA and PTA stand for phosphomolybdic and phosphotungstic acids, respectively. Pigments 
formerly listed as FIMA (phosphotungstoraolybdic acid) are now included with FTA colors. 

Intennediates used in the manufacture of certain colors are abbreviated as follows: 



dca 
deb 



acetoacetanilide 
acetoacet-ortho-toluidide 
beta-naphthol 
beta-oxynaphthoic acid (3- 

hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid) 
dichloro aniline 
dichlorobenzidine 



dna dlnitroaniline 

mnpt meta-nitro-para-toluidine 

(4-chloro-ortho-toluidine ) 
ocpna ortho-chloro-para- 

nitroaniline (2-chloro-4- 

nitroaniline ) 
ona ortho-nitroaniline 



pup phenylmethylpyrazolone 
pnoa para-nitro-ortho-anlsidine 

(5-nitro-ortho-anisidine) 
pnot para-nitro-crtho-toluidine 

( 5-m.tro-ortho-toluidine ) 



Production of full-strength toners totaled 28. 5 million pounds 
in 1956, or 8. 5 percent less than the 31. 2 million pounds reported 
for 1955. Sales of full-strength toners also declined; they totaled 
22.4 million pounds, valued at 45.7 million dollars, in 1956, com- 
pared with 26. 2 million pounds, valued at 52.4 million dollars, in 
1955--a decline of 14. 5 percent in quantity and 12. 9 percent in 
value. Fifty-seven percent of the output of full-strength toners in 
1956 consisted of red toners (16. 2 million pounds). Individual 
toners produced in the largest quantities were lithol red R, 5.4 
million pounds; toluidine red, 2. 7 million pounds; benzidine 
yellows, 2.4 million pounds; phthalocyanine blue B, 2.3 million 
pounds; phthalocyanine green, 1. 7 nnillion pounds; permanent red 
2B and eosine, 1.4 million pounds each; and red lake C, 1.3 mil- 
lion pounds . 

Production of reduced (or extended) toners amounted to 7. 3 
million pounds in 1956, or 6. 4 percent less than the 7. 8 million 
pounds reported for 1955. Sales of reduced toners amounted to 
7. million pounds, valued at 8. 8 million dollars, in 1956, com- 
pared with 7. 5 million pounds, valued at 7. 9 million dollars, in 

1955. Sales of reduced toners in 1956 thus were 5. 9 percent 
smaller in quantity but 12. percent greater in value than in 1955. 
Phthalocyanine blue B was the reduced toner produced in the 
largest quantity in 1956; the output of this pigment was 1. 5 million 
pounds. 

Production of lakes (laked colors) totaled 5. 2 million pounds in 

1956, or 6. 3 percent less than the 5. 5 million pounds produced in 



32 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TARLE Ifi. --Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of selected dry, flushed, pulp, 

and dispersed colors, 1956^ 

[Listed below are selected dry, flushed, pulp, and dispersed colors for which data on production and 

sales may be published] 



Dry, flushed, pulp, and dispersed foiros 



Produc- 
tion 



Quantity 



Unit 
value' 



Alkali blue, C.I. 70A:^ 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Benzidine yellow;' 

Dry fonii 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 

Dispersed fomi 

Eosine (C.I. 768):'' 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Lithol red R, C.I. 189, barium toner:' 

Dry fonn 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 

Lithol red R, C.I. 189, calcium toner; '' 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp fomi 

Lithol red R, C.I. 189, sodium toner:' 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Methyl violet B (C.I. 630), fugitive:^ 

Dry foim 

Flushed forai 

Methyl violet B (C.I. 680), permanent;' 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 

Peacock blue (C.I. 671), fugitive:'' 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Phthalocyanine blue B, Pr. 431: 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 

Dispersed form 

Phthalocyanine green, Pr. -^83 : ' 

Flushed form 

Dispersed form 

Red lake C, C.I. 165, barium toner: ^ 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Toluldine red, C.I. 69: 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 

Dispersed form 



1,000 
pounds 

156 
3,061 

1,521 
3,272 



205 
2,<i58 

2,518 

2,102 

357 

1,305 
629 
215 



402 
307 



213 
522 



255 
298 



727 
3,079 

2,071 

639 

1,243 

407 

54 



947 
931 

1,985 
704 
294 
147 



1,000 
pounds 

167 
3,090 

1,331 
3,117 



1,438 



2,228 
2,084 



1,199 
635 



394 
166 



217 
458 



282 

308 



365 
2,041 

1,984 
826 

1,240 
382 

206 



1,828 
381 
305 
144 



1,000 
dollars 
348 
3,546 

2,802 

1,832 

186 



180 
1,004 

1,841 
969 
35 

1,015 
361 



380 

103 



514 
285 



338 
1,195 

3,312 
664 

1,407 
273 

175 
120 

926 
592 

2,882 
331 
156 



Per 
pound 

$2.08 
1.15 

2.11 

.59 

2.09 



.83 
.46 
.62 



.96 

.62 

1.33 
.74 

1.82 

.93 

1.17 



1.67 

.80 

1.13 



.85 
2.40 

1.11 

.67 

1.58 
.87 
.51 



•"■ Statistics on production and sales of the organic pigments (color lakes and toners) listed in this table 
are given in terms of the commercial (physical) forms in which they enter commercial channels. Data on the 
flushed, pulp, and dispersed forms, therefore, are in terms of total weight, including pigment and vehicle 
(water or oil). 

' Calculated on rounded figures . 

^ Data on the pulp and dispersed forms were accepted in confidence and may not be published because pub- 
lication would reveal the operations of individual companies. 

'' Data on the pulp form of production were accepted in confidence and may not be published because publi- 
cation would reveal the operations of individual companies. 

' Data on the dispersed form were accepted in confidence and may not be published because publication 
v;culd reveal the operations of individual companies. 

' Data on the pulp form of sales and all data on the dispersed form were accepted in ccnfidenoe and may 
not be published because publication would reveal the operations of individual companies. 

' Data on the pulp form were accepted in confidence and may not be published because publication would 
reveal the operations of individual companies. 

' Data on the pulp form of production and all data on the dispersed form were accepted in confidence and 
may not be published because publication would reveal the operations of individual companies. 

' Data on the dry and pulp forms were accepted in confidence and may not be published because publication 
would reveal the operations of individual companies. 

Note. — The C.I. (Colour Index) and Pr. (prototype) numbers shown in this report are the identifying num- 
bers given respectively in the Colour Index and in the prototype list of the Technical Manual and Yearbook 
of the American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists. A C.I. or Pr. number enclosed in parentheses 
is always the number, in the Index or Manual , of the dye from which the specified toner or lake was pro- 
duced. If the C.I. or Pr. number is not enclosed in parentheses. It indicates that the named toner is itself 
listed in the Index or Manual. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 33 

1955. Sales totaled 3. 7 million pounds, valued at 3. 3 million 
dollars --representing a decline of 16. 7 percent in quantity and 18. 
percent in value from the 4.4 million pounds, valued at 4. million 
dollars, reported for 1955. Fugitive peacock blue, the output of 
which was 2. 5 million pounds, was the lake produced in the largest 
quantity in 1956. 

Statistics on the dry, flushed, pulp, and dispersed forms of 1 3 
selected colors are given in table 16. Of these colors, alkali blue, 
benzidine yellow, eosine, the methyl violets, and fugitive peacock 
blue were made chiefly in the flushed form; the lithol reds, 
phthalocyanine blue B, phthalocyanine green, red lake C, and 
toluidine red were made principally in the dry form. 

Medicinals 

In this report, medicinal chemicals are divided into three major 
groups: (1) Benzenoid compounds, derived principally from coal 
tar; (2) alicyclic and heterocyclic compounds, usually derived from 
vegetable products and animal tissues, but sometimes also from 
coal tar; and (3) acyclic compounds, usually derived from petroleum 
and from natural gas, or from grain by fermentation. 

Statistics on the production of medicinals are in terms of 100- 
percent content of the medicinal itself, exclusive of all diluents or 
other materials used in mixing or compounding tablets, solutions, 
and suspensions for consumer use. Except for antibiotics, the 
statistics on sales include only that part of the original (primary) 
production that was sold in undiluted or uncompounded form, in- 
cluding that sold in bulk and that sold in packages (tablets, 
ampoules, etc.). Sales of antibiotics include all forms --diluted 
or undiluted- -in bulk or in packages. 

In 1956 the output of all the medicinal chemicals covered in this 
report amounted to 89.4 million pounds (see table 17A*), or 13.5 
percent more than the 78. 7 million pounds reported for 1955. Sales 
totaled 73. 1 million pounds, valued at 505. 9 million dollars, in 
1956, compared with sales of 68. 5 million pounds, valued at 465. 1 
million dollars, in 1955. 

The output of all cyclic medicinals in 1956 was 65. 8 million 
pounds, of which 40. 6 million pounds consisted of benzenoid medic- 
inals and 25. 2 million pounds, of alicyclic and heterocyclic medic- 
inals. Production of acyclic medicinals was 23.6 million pounds in 
1956, compared with I6. 8 million pounds in 1955. In terms of 
quantity, acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) was the most important 
medicinal produced in 1956. The output in that year was I6.6 mil- 
lion pounds, compared with 15. 1 million pounds in 1955; sales 
amounted to 13.5 million pounds, valued at 7. million dollars, in 
1956, compared with 13. 2 million pounds, valued at 7. million 
dollars, in 1955. Production of sulfa drugs in 1956 totaled 3.8 mil- 
lion pounds, compared with 2. 8 million pounds in 1955. Production 
of barbituric acid and derivatives totaled 756, 000 pounds in 1956, 
compared with 864,000 pounds in 1955--representing a decline of 
12. 5 percent. Sales of barbituric acid and derivatives totaled 
467,000 pounds, valued at 2.5 million dollars, in 1956, compared 
with 486, 000 pounds, valued at 2. 8 million dollars, in 1955. 

*See also table 17B, part in, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufac- 
turers, and table 28 in part A of the appendix, which shows imports of medicinals and pharmaceuticals 
during the years 1953-56. 



34 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TAHLE 17A. -Syntheti 



rgani 



chemicals: United States production and sales of medicinals 



1956 



[Listed below are all synthetic organic medicinals for uhlch any reported data on production or sales may be 
published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published 
or where no data were reported.) Table 17B in part III lists alphabetically all medicinals for which data 
on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Grand total 

MEDICINALS, CYCLIC 

Total 

Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shiwn--- 
Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below 

Benz^noid 

Total - - - 

Acetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin) 

Amino acids 

p-Aminobenzoic acid and derivatives, total 

Procaine hydrochloride 

Tetracaine base and hydrochloride 

All other 

p-Aminobenzolc acid salts, total 

Potassium p-aminobenzoate* 

Sodium p-aminobenzoate 

Antihistamines 

Bismuth subgallate 

Bismuth subsalicylate 

N,a-Dimethylphenethylamine (Desoxyephedrine) hydrochloride- 

d,N, a-Dimethylphenethylamine hydrochloride 

Dyes, medicinal 

3-{o-Methoxyphenoxy)-l,2-propanediol (Glyceryl guaiacyl 

ether) 

a-Methylphenethylamine (Amphetamine) base 

a-Methylphenethylamine sulfate 

2-Naphthyl benzoate 

Neostigmine methyl sulfate 

Phenolsulfonlc acid salts 

Phenyl mercuric derivatives 

SsLlicylamide 

Salicylic acid 

Salicylic acid salts, total 

Ammonium salicylate 

Calcium salicylate 

Sodium salicylate 

All other 

Sulfa dnigs 

3-o-Tolo}ty-l,2-propanedlol (o-Cresyl a-glyoeryl ether) 

Vitamin K 

All other benzenold medicinals 

Alicyclic and Heterocyclic 

Total -- — 

Alkaloids and related products, total 

Digitalis glucosldes 

Homatroplne 

Reserplne 

All other 

Amino acids 

Antibiotics for human or veterinary use, total 

Dihydrostreptomycin 

Neomycin, base 

Penicillin salts, total' 

Potassium penicillin 

Procaine penicillin 

All other penicillin salts 

Streptomycin 



Pro- 
duction^ 



Sales'^ 



5,375 



65,802 



23,673 
42,129 



40,599 



16,603 

1 

780 



586 

3 

191 



100 
29 



(5) 



776 
187 



3,817 



9,565 



25,203 



(^ 



1,967 



631 

U8 
363 

150 
130 



1,000 1,000 

pounds dolU 

73,141 505,929 



53,499 



20,169 
33,330 



31,477 



13,524 
4 

740 



556 



182 



( = ) 



370 
6,585 



473,717 



43,996 
429,721 



47,586 



7,007 
59 

2,207 



1,549 
51 
607 



202 
86 



86 

103 



50 
289 



709 
86 

1,635 

86 

4 

7,284 

22,022 



1,737 



593 
137 
343 
113 
147 



451 
2,373 



466 
121 



9,750 
177 



23,762 



426,131 



1,523 



59 

513 
951 

121 

271,371 



18,198 
5,989 
63,529 
14,085 
22,500 
26,944 
5,604 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 35 

TAnLE 17A. --Synf/ief ic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of medicinals, 7956- -Cont inueH 



Pro- 
duction^ 



Quantity 



MEDICINAI£, CYCLIC--Continued 

Alicyclic and Heterocyclic — Continued 

Antibiotics for human or veterinary use — Continued 

Tetracycline 

All other antibiotics 

Antibiotics for animal feed supplements, food preservation, 

snd crop spraying 

Antihistamines 

Barbituric acid and derivatives, total 

5-Allyl-5-(l-methylbutyl)barbiturio acid (Secobarbital) 

and salt 

5-sec-Butyl-5-ethylbarbiturlc acid 

5,5-Diethylbarbituric acid (Barbital) 

5-Ethyl-5-(l-methyl-n-butyl)barbituric acid 

(Pentobarbital) ■ 

5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbiturio acid (Phenobarbital) (Luminal) 

5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbiturio acid, sodium salt 

All other 

Bile acids and salts, total 

Dehydrocholic acid 

Desoxycholic acid 

Ketocholanic acids 

All other 

Bromocamphor, mono 

Caffeine, natural and synthetic 

Camphoric acid and anhydride 

5-Chloro-7-iodo-8-quinolinol (lodochlorohydroxyquinoline) — 

Dlhydrocodeinone bi tartrate 

5,7-Diiodo-8-qulnolinol 

5,5-Diphenylhydantoin, sodium salt 

Hormones (steroid), total 

Hydrocortisone alcohol and acetate 

17-Hydroxy-ll-dehydrocortioosterone (Cortisone) and 

acetate 

Prednisolone 

All other 

Methyl nicotinate 

Piperazine, hexahydrate 

Piperazine derivatives, total 

Piperazine citrate 

Piperazine tartrate 

All other 

Theobromine sodium salicylate 

Theophylline base 

Theophylline derivatives 

Tranquillizers (including benzenoid) 

Vitamins, total 

A (Alcohol and esters), ^° ^'^ from all sources 

Bi (Thiamine derivatives) 

B2 (Riboflavin for human consumption) (lOO^i) 

B2 (Riboflavin for animal and poultry consumption) (100^) 

Be (Pyridoxine) 

B12 All grades 

D2 (Irradiated ergosterol)"'"^ 

D3 (Irradiated animal sterol) ""^^ 

Niacin (Nicotinic acid), niacinamide, and niacinamide 

hydrochloride 

All other 

All other alicyclic and heterocyclic medicinals 

MEDICINALS, ACYCLIC 

Total 

Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown 

Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below 



1,000 
pounds 

220 

un 

211 
756 



1,758 
7 



7 

7 

38 

3 
879 

297 



138 
159 



102 
112 
122 

3,807 



196 
266 
164 
206 



(^ = ) 



2,721 
215 



U,108 



23,573 



1.000 
pounds 

186 
366 



1,000 
dollars 

72,903 
105, U8 

28,150 
2,309 

2,4^3 



1,640 



1,009 
261 



2,895 



162 
168 
101 
144 
24 
(") 



2,098 
196 



12,885 



19,642 



67 
36 
19 

36 

794 

52 

1,479 

1,741 



351 
564 

826 

24 
4,783 
17 
25 
446 
33 
24 

25,908 



^552 



7,455 
8,901 



2,758 
723 



358 

18 
347 



248 

357 



62,831 



15,278 

4,228 

2,493 

2,828 

3,615 

22,640 

389 

496 

6,711 
4,153 

20,234 



32,212 



7,635 
15,938 



9,305 
10,337 



5,845 
26,367 



See footnotes at end of table. 



36 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 17 A. -Synthet ic organic chemicals: United States prorhjcti 



eHicinals. J956--Conti 



Pro- 
duct ion-'- 



Quantity 



Unit 
value-' 



MEDICINALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Amino acids, total 

P -Alanine 

1( + ) -Glutamic acid 

All other 

Betaine base 

Betaine hydrocM.oride 

Chloretone (tert-Trichlorobutyl alcohol) 

Choline salts, total 

Choline bitartrate 

Choline chloride, for animal and poultry feed and for use 

as an intermediate 

Choline chloride, medicinal grade only 

Choline dihydrogen citrate 

All other 

Gluconic acid salts 

Tranquillizers: 2-Methyl-2-n-propyl-l,3-propanediol 

dicarbamate 

Vitamins, total 

Ascorbic acid and derivatives, total 

Ascorbic acid 

All other 

Pantothenic acid and derivatives, total 

Pantothenic acid, d-oaloium salt 

All other 



34g" 
220 

3,031 



5,215 



33r 

171 



1,000 
dollar: 

6,760 



'i,817 



127 
72 



3,326 



3,383 



2,866 

2,498 

368 

517 
172 
345 



— i3r 

3,926 
28 

108 
61 



2,749 



"Tar 

296 

5,744 

39 

44 

21 

1,631 



$2.29 



1.73 
2.35 



1.50 
.38 



1,278 



2,503 
15,369 



1.32 

1.12 



5.59 



2,455 


12,884 


2,107 


11,123 


348 


1,761 


294 


2,485 


49 


450 


245 


2,035 



5.25 
5.28 
5.06 
8.45 
9,18 
8.31 



Production of medicinals is in bulk only. The statistics do not include the production of finished prep- 
arations, such as tablets, capsules, and ampoules, which are manufactured from bulk medicinals. 

^ Except for antibiotics, sales include only that part of the original production which is sold in undi- 
luted or uncompounded form including that sold in bulk and that sold in packages (tablets, ampoules, etc.). 
Sales of antibiotics include elII forms (both undiluted or uncompounded and diluted or compounded) including 
that sold in bulk and that sold in packages. 

•' Calculated on rounded fig\ires. 

* Contains small quantities of the calcium salt. 

' Production of neostigmine methyl sulfate was 50 pounds; sales were 39 pounds. 

^ Production of digitalis glucosides totaled 300 pounds. 

' Sales of reserpine were 258 pounds; unit value of sales, $1,913. 

' Penicillin salts in terms of international units based on 1,667 units per milligram of penicillin G 
standard of the Food and Dr\ig Administration were reported as follows: 



Quantity 



Unit value 



Penicillin salts, total — 
Potassium penicillin G- 
Procaine penicillin G — 
All other 



Pllhor, 
ternalional 

448%99 



1,000 
dollars 

63,529 



39,192 
274,512 
114,555 



103,381 
259,013 
86,205 



14,085 
22,500 
26,944 



Per billi 

internatio 

anits 

$141.61 



136.24 
86.87 
312.54 



' Commercial sales are based on international units. 

-"-^ Quantities reported in units have been converted to pounds using as a factor the average units per 
pound of the medicinal grade as determined by the Food and Drug Administration. 

■'■■'■ Production of vitamin A alcohol and esters from all sources totaled 196,621 billion U.S. P. units; sales 
totaled 166,221 billion U.S. P. units. 

-"-^ Production of vitamin B121 all grades, totaled 655 pounds; sales totaled 450 pounds. 

^^ Production of vitamin D2 totaled 23,280 billion U.S. P. units; sales totaled 16,945 billion^J.S.P. units. 
Calculated at the rate of 18.14 billion units per pound, production totaled 1,283 pounds and sales totaled 
934 pounds. 

"■* Production of vitamin D3 totaled 23,488 billion U.S. P. units; sales totaled 14,139 billion U.S. P. units. 
Calculated at the rate of 18.14 billion units per pound, production totaled 1,295 pounds and sales totaled 
779 pounds. 

In terms of valUe, the antibiotics --as a group--were the most 
important medicinals produced in 1956. Total production of anti- 
biotics for human and veterinary use was 1,967,000 pounds in 1956, 
or 395, 000 pounds more than the output of 1, 572, 000 pounds re- 
ported for 1955. Sales totaled 1, 737, 000 pounds, valued at 271. 4 
million dollars, in 1956, compared with 1,367,000 pounds, valued 
at 242.4 million dollars, in 1955. Production of penicillin salts 
totaled 478 trillion international units in 1956, compared with 344 
trillion international units, in 1955. Sales of penicillin salts totaled 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 37 

449 trillion international units, valued at 63. 5 million dollars, in 
1956, compared with 336 trillion international units< valued at 44. 
million dollars, in 1955. The output of dihydrostreptomycin 
amounted to 492,000 pounds in 1956, compared with the 369,000 
pounds reported for 1955; sales totaled 431,000 pounds, valued at 
18. 2 million dollars, in 1956, compared with 332, 000 pounds, 
valued at 16. 3 million dollars, in 1955. The output of streptomycin 
amounted to 130,000 pounds in 1956, compared with 1 54, 000 pounds 
in 1955. Production of neomycin base amounted to 17, 000 pounds 
in 1956; sales were 14, 000 pounds, valued at 6. nnillion dollars. 
Production of tetracycline was 220, 000 pounds in 1956; sales were 
186, 000 pounds, valued at 72. 9 million dollars. 

The combined output of other medicinal antibiotics, such as 
chlorotetracycline, chloramphenicol, and oxytetracycline, totaled 
477, 000 pounds in 1956; sales of these products in 1956 amounted to 
366, 000 pounds, valued at 105 million dollars. Total production of 
antibiotics for animal feed supplements, food preservation, and 
crop spraying in 1956 was 779,000 pounds, compared with the 
520, 000 pounds reported for 1955; sales of these products in 1956 
amounted to 683, 000 pounds, valued at 28. 2 million dollars. 

Among the other important groups of nnedicinal products in 1956 
were the vitamins. In 1956 the combined output of vitamins--as a 
group- -was 7. 2 million pounds, connpared with 6. 1 million pounds 
in 1955. Sales of vitamins totaled 5. 6 million pounds, valued at 
78. 3 million dollars, in 1956, compared with 5. 1 million pounds, 
valued at 82. 8 million dollars, in 1955. In terms of quantity, the 
1956 output of some of the more important vitamins was as follows: 
Niacin and derivatives, 2. 7 million pounds; ascorbic acid and de- 
rivatives, 2. 9 million pounds; pantothenic acid and derivatives, 
517, 000 pounds; thiamine derivatives, 266, 000 pounds; and vitamin 
A alcohol and esters, 196, 000 pounds (196, 621 billion U. S. P. units). 
In terms of value of sales, vitamin B jj w^as the most important. 
Sales of this medicinal in 1956 totaled 450 pounds, valued at 22.6 
million dollars. Sales of ascorbic acid and derivatives were 2. 5 
million pounds, valued at 12. 9 million dollars, and of vitamin A, 
162, 000 pounds, valued at 15. 3 million dollars. 

In 1956 the combined production of all hormones was 56, 000 
pounds; sales totaled 26, 000 pounds, valued at 25. 9 million dollars. 

The output of tranquillizers in 1956 totaled 468, 000 pounds, of 
which 2-methyl-2-n-propyl-l , 3-propanediol dicarbamate accounted 
for 346, 000 pounds; sales of this medicinal in 1956 were 325, 000 
pounds, valued at 2. 5 million dollars. 

Flavor and Perfume Materials 

Flavor and perfume materials are chemicals- -with desirable 
flavors or odors --that are used in the manufacture of food, bev- 
erages, cosmetics, and soaps and to disguise unpleasant odors in 
industrial products. This report includes data on materials derived 
from natural products by actual chemical processes and from coal 
tar; it does not include data on purely natural products, such as 
floral essences, essential oils, and other materials that are ob- 
tained by simple extraction or by distillation from natural vegetable 
and animal sources. 

The flavor and perfume materials covered in this report are 
grouped as either cyclic or acyclic nnaterials, according to their 



38 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



chemical structure. Cyclic materials are further classified as 
(1) benzenoid and naphthalenoid, and (2) terpenoid, heterocyclic, 
and alicyclic. Statistics on the production and sales of flavor and 
perfume materials in 1956 are given in table 18A.^ 

Production of flavor and perfume naaterials as a group totaled 
44.7 million pounds in 1956, showing an increase of 6.4 percent 
from the 42. million pounds produced in 1955. Sales were 39. 2 
million pounds, valued at 54. 7 million dollars, in 1956, compared 
with 35.8 million pounds, valued at 52.6 million dollars, in 1955. 

Th^ output of benzenoid and naphthalenoid flavor and perfume 



TABLE lH^...Syntheti 



rganic chemicals: Vn 



ted States produ 
terials, 1956 



and perfume 



[Listed below are all synthetic organic flavor and perfume materials for which any reported data on produc- 
tion or sales may be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and 
may not be published, or where no data were reported. ) Table 18B in part III lists alphabetically all 
flavor and perfume materials for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies the manu- 
facturer of each] 



Produc- 
tion 



Quantity 



Unit 
value ^ 



Grand total 

FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC 

Total--- 

Materials for which separate statistics may not be shown- 
Materials for which separate statistics are shown below-- 

Benitnoid and Naphthalenoid 

Total 

o-Amylcinnamaldehyde 

Anethole 

Benzophenone 

Benzyl acetate 

Benzyl alcohol^ 

Benzyl benzoate^ 

Benzyl propionate 

Ethyl a,/3-epoxy-/>-methylhydrocinnamate 

Eugenol 

Isobutyl phenylacetate 

Isoeugenol 

p-Methoxyacetophenone 

Methyl salicylate (Synthetic wintergreen oil) 

Phenethyl acetate 

Phenethyl alcohol 

3-Phenyl-l-propyl alcohol (Hydrooinnamic alcohol) 

All other benzenoid and naphthalenoid materials 

Terpenoid, Heterocyclic, and Alicyclic 

Total 

Cedryl acetate 

Citral (Geranial) 

Cltronellal 

Citronellol 

Citronellyl acetate 

Citronellyl formate 

Coumarin 

Ethyl oxyhydrate 

Geraniol 

Geranyl acetate 

Geranyl formate 

Hydroxyoltronellal 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 
4^,658 



25,391 



10,378 
15,013 



330 
1,398 
lU 
715 
673 
157 



135 
25 



3,518 
60 

1,315 
13 

6,962 



9,882 



100 

22-1 

246 

7 

13 
780 

32 
331 



1,000 
pound, 
39,169 



1.000 
dollars 

5-4,674 



20,723 



32,865 



8,220 
12,503 



15,509 ; 12,860 



15,454 1 
17,411 j 



16,424 



213 
1,141 
119 
693 
685 
150 



3,283 

24 

960 

11 

5,365 



7,863 



360 
1,272 
133 
365 
322 



241 

12 

1,664 

30 

1,015 

22 

10,620 

16,441 



40 



279 
35 



25 
56 
2,000 
23 
951 
125 

923 



1.28 



1.69 

1.11 

1.12 

.53 

.47 

.53 

1.33 

2.07 

3.54 
1.71 
.51 
1.25 
1.06 
2.00 
1.98 



2.00 
4.29 



3.74 
4.17 
5.09 
3.03 
.92 
3.41 
3.57 



5 See also table 18B, part III, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the 
manufacturers. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



39 



TABLE ISA. --Synthetic organic chemicals 



United States product i 
J956- -Continued 



nd sales of Flavor and per/ume materials 



Produc- 
tion 



Quantity Value ^^^^i 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC— Continued 
Terpenoid, Heterocyclic, and Alicyc lie- -Continued 

lonones, total 

a-Ionone 

All other 

Isobomyl acetate 

Linalool 

Linalyl acetate 

Menthol, synthetic 

Methylionones 

Plperonal (Heliotropin) 

Rhodinol 

Safrole 

Terpineols 

Terpinyl acetate 

Terpinyl propionate 

Vetivenyl acetate 

All other terpenoid, heterocyclic, and alicyclic materials- 

FLAVOR AND PERHJME MATERIALS, ACYCLIC 

Total--- 

Materials for which separate statistics may not be shown — 
Materials for which separate statistics are shown below 

Allyl caproate 

Ethyl butyrate 

Glutamic acid, monosodium salt (Monosodium glutamate) 

Isoamyl butyrate (Amyl butyrate) 

Isoamyl formate (Amyl formate) 

^ Calculated on rounded figures. 

^ Includes some technical and medicinal grades. 

^ Includes chemically modified essential oils. 



1,000 
pounds 
271 



2A0 



110 

382 

249 

281 

11 

194 

2,136 

315 

12 

15 

3,416 



19,267 



1,254 
18,013 



156 

17,821 

27 



1,000 
pounds 
238 



1,000 
dollars 
927 



54 
100 
292 
226 
334 



1,927 
315 



2,855 



18,446 



270 

465 

1,579 

1,283 

706 

274 

39 

532 

155 

210 
4,834 



21,809 



962 
17,484 



902 
20,907 



154 
17,294 



106 
20,761 



pound 
$3.89 



7.75 
3.76 



5.00 
4.65 
5.41 
5.68 
2.11 
24.91 
1.00 
.28 



23.33 
1.69 



.94 

1.20 



2.67 
.69 

1.20 



materials in 1956 was 15. 5 million pounds, an increase of 8. 8 per- 
cent from the 14. 3 million pounds reported for 1955. In this group, 
chemicals the output of which exceeded 1 million pounds in 1956 
were methyl salicylate (synthetic wintergreen oil), 3.5 million 
pounds; anethole, 1.4 million pounds; and phenethyl alcohol, 1. 3 
million pounds. Sales of benzenoid and naphthalenoid flavor and 
perfume materials as a group totaled 12.9 million pounds, valued 
at 16.4 million dollars, in 1 956- -figures only slightly higher than 
those reported for 1955. 

Production of terpenoid, heterocyclic, and alicyclic flavor and 
perfume materials in 1956 was 9.9 million pounds- -about the same 
as in 1955. The chemicals in this group produced in the largest 
volume were the terpineols; production of these materials was 2. 1 
million pounds in 1956, or 15.6 percent less than in 1955. Sales of 
terpenoid, heterocyclic, and alicyclic materials as a group totaled 
7. 9 million pounds, valued at 16. 4 million dollars, in 1956, com- 
pared with 7. 5 million pounds, valued at 14. 8 million dollars, in 
1955. 

The output of acyclic flavor and perfume materials totaled 19. 3 
million pounds in 1956--an increase of 7. 9 percent over the output 
in 1955. By far the most important product in this group was 
monosodium glutamate, production of which totaled 17.8 million 
pounds, or about 92 percent (by weight) of the acyclic group. Sales 
of acyclic materials totaled 18.4 million pounds, valued at 21.8 
million dollars, in 1956, compared with 15.7 million pounds, 
valued at 21.6 million dollars, in 1955. 



40 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Plastics and Resin Materials 

Plastics and resin materials are formed by the condensation or 
polymerization of organic chemicals with the addition of necessary 
fillers, plasticizers, extenders, and colors. At some stage in their 
manufacture they exist in such physical condition that they can be 
shaped or processed by the application of heat and pressure. Some 
types of materials may be molded, cast, or extruded into finished 
and semifinished forms. Other types are used as adhesives, for the 
treatment of paper and textiles, and for protective coatings. Still 
other types of plastics materials are processed into sheets, rods, 
and tubes which, in turn, are further manufactured into finished 
products such as rainwear, shower and other curtains, buttons 
and buckles, and decorative articles. Except for vinyl resins, the 
statistics given in the following tables are based on the total weight 
of the materials, excluding liquids. Statistics on vinyl resins are 
given on the basis of resin content. Cellulose plastics, being de- 
rived from natural raw materials, are not covered in this section 
of the report. (See part D of the appendix. ) 

Statistics on the production and sales of plastics and resins are 
given in table 19A according to chemical composition, and in table 
20 according to broad end uses. In 1956 the total production of all 
synthetic plastics and resin materials (except cellulosics) amounted 
to 3,977 million pounds--6.4 percent more than the 3,739 million 
pounds produced in 1955. Sales amounted to 3,465 million pounds, 
valued at 1, 14Z million dollars, in 1956, compared with 3, 219 mil- 
lion pounds, valued at 1, 078 million dollars, in 1955. Production 
of cellulose plastics in 1956 amounted to 147 million pounds. 

Total production of benzenoid plastics and resins was 2, 018 mil- 
lion pounds in 1956--about the same as in 1955. Sales in 1956 
amounted to 1,655 million pounds, valued at 455 million dollars. 
Of the benzenoid group, styrene resins were produced in the largest 
volume in 1956, as they were in 1955. The output of styrene resins 
in 1956 amounted to 680 million pounds; sales totaled 603 million 
pounds, valued at 191 million dollars. 

In 1956, as in previous years, phenolic and other tar-acid resins 
ranked second in volume of production in the benzenoid group. Pro- 
duction of these resins in 1956 was 563 million pounds, the same as 
in 1955. Sales amounted to 497 million pounds, valued at 129 mil- 
lion dollars, in 1956, compared with 483 million pounds, valued at 
127 million dollars, in 1955. The phthalic alkyd resins, used prin- 
cipally in the manufacture of protective coatings, were third in 
volume of production in the benzenoid group; production in 1956 
amounted to 392 million pounds. The output of polyester resins in 
1956 was 79 million pounds. 

Production of nonbenzenoid plastics and resins in 1956 amounted 
to 1, 959 million pounds, or 14. I percent more than the I, 718 mil- 
lion pounds reported for 1955. Sales of these resins amounted to 
1, 810 million pounds, valued at 687 million dollars, in 1956, com- 
pared with 1, 569 million pounds, valued at 638 million dollars, in 
1955. Of the nonbenzenoid group, vinyl resins were produced in 
the largest volume in 1956, as they have been for the past several 



6 See also table 19B, part 111, which lists these products according to chemical composition, and 
identifies the manufacturers. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



41 



TAHLF 19\. -Syntheti 



chemicals: United States production and sal: 
grouped according to chemical composition. 



fs of plastics and 
1956 



[Quantities and values are given in terms of the total weight of the materials (dry basis). Listed below are 
all synthetic plastics and resin materials for which any reported data on production or sales may be pub- 
lished. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or 
where no data were reported. ) Table 19B in part III lists all plastics and resin materials for which data 
on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Grand total 

PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, BENZENOID 

Total — 

Materials for which separate statistics may not be shown^ 

Materials for which separate statistics are shown below 

Coumarone-indene and petroleum polymer resins 

Epoxy resins: 

Unmodified: Epichlorohydrin-phenol and bisphenol 

Modified 

Phenolic and other tar-acid resins, total 

Unmodified, total 

Bisphenol-formaldehyde 

p-tert-Butylphenol-foimaldehyde 

Cresols -formaldehyde 

Cresylic acid-formaldehyde 

Phenol-formaldehyde 

Phenol-furfural 

Resorcinol-fonnaldehyde 

All other 

Modified, total 

Bisphenol-formaldehyde-rosin 

p-tert-Butylphenol-formaldehyde-rosin 

Phenol-formaldehyde-aniline 

Phenol-formaldehyde-rosin 

All other 

Phthalic alkyd resins, total 

Unmodified, total 

Phthalic anhydrlde-glycerol 

Phthalic anliydride-glycerol-glycol 

Phthalic anhydrlde-glycerol -pentaerythrltol 

Phthalic anhydrlde-glycerol-Borbitol 

Phthalic anhydride-glycol -pentaerythrltol 

Phthalic anhydride -pentaerythrltol 

All other 

Modified, total 

Phthalic anhydride-adiplc acid-glycol 

Phthalic anhydride-benzoic acld-glyoerol 

Phthalic anhydride-fumaric aoid-glycerol 

Phthalic anhydride-fumaric acid-glycerol-rosin 

Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-pentaerythritol-phenol- 

foiroaldehyde-rosin 

Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-pentaerythritol-rosin and tall 

oil 

Phthalic ahhydride-glycerol-phenol-formaldehyde 

Phthalic anhydrlde-glycerol -phenol-formaldehyde-rosin 

Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-rosin 

Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydrlde-glycerol 

Phthalic anlyrdride-maleic anhydride-glycerol- 

pentaerythritol 

Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-glycerol- 

pentaerythritol-rosin 

Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-glycerol-rosin 

Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-pentaerythritol 

Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-pentaerythritol-rosin 

or tall oil 

Phthalic anhydride-pentaerythritol-rosin or tall oil 

All other 

Polyester resins, total* 

Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-glycol-styrene 

All other 

Styrene resins, total 

Polystyrene 

Styrene-acrylonitrile copolymer 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds, 
dry basis' 
3, 977, "469 



2,018,274 



7,256 
2,011,018 



260,332 



34,088 
2,013 



563,413 



504,176 

346 

8,044 

7,882 

9,581 

447,745 

859 

2,394 

27,325 

59,237 

3,991 

4,431 

4,267 

22,629 

23,919 

392,415 



287,282 

123,623 

5,630 

35,576 

1,511 

38,355 

76,901 

5,686 

105,133 

501 

5,026 

1,565 

976 

4,714 

12,892 
5,712 
9,120 

12,118 
5,854 

8,315 

2,735 
1,582 
3,681 

5,604 
13,746 
10,992 

79,128 



Oiantity 



1,000 
pounds. 



3,464,710 



1,654,687 



6,327 
1,648,360 



267,261 



23,264 
320 



496,925 



453,228 

204 

7,169 

4,574 

2,179 

418,373 

2,293 

18,436 

43,697 

3,875 

4,219 

2,959 

14,367 

18,277 

187,841 



46,701 
32,427 



679,629 



475,512 
16,721 



130,094 

48,868 

1,966 

10,527 

912 

26,940 

35,982 

4,899 

57,747 

401 

473 

570 



3,372 



2,058 

7,770 
7,488 
2,970 

5,628 

1,232 

515 

3,514 

2,615 

8,098 

11,043 

69,286 



41,756 
27,530 



603,463 



415,867 



1,000 
dollars 
1,142,419 



455, C 



3,660 
451,408 



27,376 



15,482 
325 



129,495 



117,129 

114 

2,740 

1,574 

615 

103,968 

1,762 

6,356 

12,366 

855 
1,013 

952 
3,634 
5,912 

59,042 



40,646 

16,339 

738 

3,149 

285 

8,502 

10,471 

1,162 

18,396 

213 

138 

179 



679 
1,758 
2,793 
1,054 

1,835 

467 

263 

1,004 

861 
2,433 
3,742 

28,302 



14,654 
13,643 



191,386 



122,763 



42 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



T\PSL?- 19\. -Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of plastics and resin materials 
grouped according to chemical composi tion , 1956 - -Continued 



Production 



©jantity Value ""^*, 
value 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, BENZENOID--Continued 

Styrene resins--Contlnued 

Styrene-alkyd polyester resins, total 

Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-pentaerythritol-styrene 

Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-styrene 

All other 

Styrene -butadiene copolymer 

Styrene-divinylbenzene copolymer 

All other styrene resins 

PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, NONBENZENOID 

Total 

Materials for which separate statistics may not be shown^ 

Materials for which separate statistics are shown below 

Acetone-formaldehyde resins 

Alkyd resins (except phthalic), total 

Unmodified, total 

Maleic anhydride-pen taerythritol 

All other 

Modified, total 

Fumaric acid-glycerol-rosin 

Fumaric acid-pentaerythritol-rosin 

Maleic anhydride-glycerol-pentaerythritol-rosin 

Maleic anhydride-glycerol-rosin 

Maleic anhydride-glycol-rosln 

Maleic anhydride-pentaerythritol-rosin 

Maleic anhydride-pentaerythrltol-tall oil 

All other 

Polyethylene resins 

Rosin and terpene adduct resins, total 

Fumaric acid-rosin 

All other 

Rosin and tall oil esters, unmodified, total 

Rosin-glycerol 

Rosin-glycerol-pentaerythritol 

Rosin-pentaerythritol 

Tall oil-pentaerythritol 

All other 

Silicone resins 

Urea and melamine resins, total 

Urea-formaldehyde type, total 

Butylurea-fonnaldehyde 

Urea-formaldehyde 

All other 

Melami ne-f ormaldehyde type, total 

Melamine-formaldehyde 

All other 

Vinyl and vinyl copolymer resins (resin content), total 

Polyvinyl acetate' 

Polyvinyl chloride and copolymer resins (containing 50 per- 
cent or more polyvinyl oMoride) 

All other vinyl resins' 



1,000 

pounds, 

dry basis' 

19,860 

2,826 

11,260 

5,77A 

128,78-; 

29,211 

9,5^1 



1,000 

pounds. 

dry basis' 

16,355 

1,852 

9,0<;9 

5,4.5^ 

121,084 

27,811 

22,346 



1,959,195 1,810,023 



U3,759 
1,815,436 



81,431 



24, 223 
869 

23,354 

57,208 

4,118 

5,912 

598 

19,482 
2,444 

19,398 
2,975 
2,281 

565,705 

6,494 



2,190 
4,304 



56,414 



25,504 
1,901 
17,260 
280 
11,469 

3,496 

341,516 



245,211 
18,336 

214,550 
12,325 
96,305 
70, 999 
25,306 

759,896 



78,892 



636,850 
44,154 



1.000 

dollars 

6,669 

741 

3,578 

2,350 

40,109 

13,762 

8,078 



687,351 



134, 527 
1,675,496 



118,172 
569,179 



66,351 



21,887 

495 

21,392 

44,464 

3,283 

3,394 

260 

16,835 

1,739 

17,231 

1,208 

514 

514,097 

6,519 



21,142 



2,097 
4,422 



52,259 



10,782 

128 

10,654 

10,360 

836 

1,013 

68 

3,769 

547 

3,676 

263 

188 

187,707 

2,040 



450 
1,590 



9,291 



22,709 

16,549 

66 

12,935 

2,742 

310,773 



4,235 

3,170 

14 

1,872 

8,423 

91,955 



224,318 
13,498 

199,832 
10,988 
86,455 
63,619 
22,836 

722,305 



50,980 
5,351 
41,416 
4,213 
40,975 
28,319 
12,656 

248,441 



73,522 



611,961 
36,822 



25,924 



187,402 
35,115 



^ Calculated on rounded figures. 

^ Dry basis, for the purpose of this report, is defined as the total weight of the material, including 
resin, plasticizers, fillers, extenders, colors, and stabilizers, and excluding water, solvents, and other 
liquid diluents. 

Includes data for aniline-foimaldehyde, toluenesulfonamide, and other benzenoid plastics and resin 
materials. 

* Polyester resins, for the purpose of this report, include unsaturated alkyds, copolymerized with 
monomers such as styrene, and polyallyl resins such as diallyl phthalate or allyl diglycol carbonate. Data 
for styrene-alkyd polyesters for protective coatings are not included in this group. 

' Includes data for acr^'lic, polyamide, and other ncnbenzenoid plastics and resin materials. 

' Includes some data for copolymers of polyvinyl chloride and polyvinyl acetate which are included in 
table 20 in the statistics for polyvinyl chloride and copolymers. 

' Includes data for polyvinyl alcohol, butyral and formal, and for copolymers containing less than 50 per- 
cent polyvinyl chloride. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



43 



years. The output of vinyl resins amounted to 760 million pounds 
tn 1956, connpared with 703 million pounds in 1955. Sales of vinyl 
resins in 1956 were 722 million pounds, valued at 248 million 
dollars. Production of polyethylene resins, which were second in 

TAHLE 70. -Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production anH sales of plastics and resin materials, 
grouped according to classes and uses, 1956 

[in thousands of poimds, dry basis'"'] 



Phenolic and other tar acid resins: 
Molding materials 

Bonding and adhesive resins for — 

Laminating (except ply\';ood) 

Coated and bonded abrasives 

Friction materials (brake linings, clutch facings, etc. ) 

Thermal insulation (rock wool, fiber glass) 

Plyvfood 

All other bonding and adhesive uses 

Protective-coating resins, unmodified and modified, except by rosin--- 

Resins for all other uses 

Urea and melamine resins: 

Textile-treating and textile-coating resins 

Paper-treating and paper-coating resins 

Bonding and adhesive resins for-- 

Plywood 

All other bonding and adhesive uses, including laminating 

Protective-coating resins, straight and modified 

Resins for all other uses. Including molding 

Styrene resins: 

Molding materials 

Protective-coating resins, straight and modified-' 

Resins for all other uses 

Vinyl and vinyl copolymer resins (resin content), total 

Polyvinyl chloride and copolymer resins (50 percent or more polyvinyl 
chloride) for — 

Film (under 0.010 gage) 

Sheeting (0.010 gage and over) 

Molding and extrusion 

Textile- and paper-treating and coating 

Flooring 

Protective coatings 

All other uses 

All other vinyl resins for-- 

Adhesives 

All other uses 

Alkyd resins: 

For protective coatings: 
Phthalic anhydride types: 

Unmodified 

Modified 

Polybasio acid types: 

Unmodified 

Modified 

For all other uses 

Rosin modifications : 

Rosin esters for protective coatings: 

Unmodified (ester gums ) 

Modified (hard resins ) 

All other modifications for protective coatings and other uses 

Coumarone-indene and petroleum polymer resins 

Polyester resins 

Polyethylene resins 

Miscellaneous synthetic plastics and resins:* 

Molding materials 

Protective-coating resins 

Resins for all ether uses 



287,821 
103,989 

8,531 
12,291 
17,650 



33,001 
62,299 
37,600 

260, 292 
79,129 

565,705 

43,520 

24,706 

124,130 



204,170 

43,673 
16,506 

55,165 
41,728 
47,678 
25,875 
36,811 

39,767 
25,520 

102,578 
24,022 
28', 740 
90,145 

401,610 
93,379 
108,470 

722,269 



78,447 
52,565 
204,828 
63,222 
65,752 
28,516 
73,796 

41,727 
113.416 



129,175 
53,425 

6,887 
5,962 
15,024 



29,402 
57,012 
35,910 

267,260 
69,285 

514,097 

40,967 

14,112 

112,919 



Dry basis, for the purpose of this report, is defined as the total weight of the material, including 
resin, plasticizers, fillers, extenders, colors, and stabilizers, and excluding the weight of water, sol- 
vents, and other liquid diluents. 

^ Included with "All other bonding and adhesive uses." 

^ Includes data for styrene-alkyd polyester resins. 

* Includes data for acrylic, epichlorohydrin, polyamide (nylon), silicone, and other synthetic plastics 
and resin materials. 



Note. — The figures in the above table are based on the Commission's monthly reports on the production and 
sales of synthetic plastics and resin materials. They are partially estimated, and may not be correlated 
exactly with those given in table 19A. The data given in the above table are in substantial agreement with 
those given in the Commission's release for January 1957, which gave a summation of the data reported by 
months for 1956. Changes in classification and a minor increase in coverage on some products result in some 
differences in the detail figures given in this table from those given in the January 1957 report. 



44 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

volume of production in the nonbenzenoid group, was 566 million 
pounds in- 1956, compared with 402 million pounds in 1955. Sales 
of polyethylene resins amounted to 514 million pounds, valued at 
1 88 million dollars, in 1956, compared with 350 million pounds, valued 
at 1 38 million dollars, in 1955. The output of urea and nraelamine resins 
was 342 million pounds in 1956, compared with 328 million pounds in 
1955. Sales of these resins amounted to 31 1 million pounds, valued at 9 2 
million dollars, in 1956, conripared with 300 million pounds, valuedat 
92 million dollars, in 1955. Other important resins in the nonbenzenoid 
group are acrylic, polyamide, silicone, and nonphthalic alkyd resins. 
The statistics on the production and sales of plastics and resins 
by uses, given in table 20, were compiled principally from the 
Tariff Commission's monthly surveys of production and sales of 
synthetic plastics and resin materials. The largest single use re- 
ported for plastics materials in 1956--as in previous years--was 
for nnolding and extruding into finished and semifinished forms. 
Other important uses for which statistics are shown are for sheet- 
ing and film, for treatment of textiles and paper, for adhesives, 
and for protective coatings. 

Rubber- Processing Chemicals 

Rubber-processing chemicals are organic connpounds that are 
added to natural and synthetic rubbers to give them qualities neces- 
sary for their conversion into finished rubber goods. In this report, 
statistics are given for cyclic and acyclic compounds by use--such 
as accelerators, antioxidants, and peptizers. Statistics on the pro- 
duction and sales of rubber-processing chemicals in 1956 are given 
in table 21A.^ 

Production of rubber-processing chemicals as a group in 1956 
amounted to l67 million pounds, or 5.6 percent less than the 177 
million pounds reported for 1955. The decline in the output of 
rubber-processing chemicals resulted from a decrease in the con- 
sumption of rubber in 1956. Sales of rubber-processing chemicals 
were 132 million pounds, valued at 81 million dollars, in 1956, 
compared with 143 million pounds, valued at 86 million dollars, in 
1955. 

The output of cyclic rubber-processing chemicals in 1956 
amounted to 141 million pounds, or 4. 7 percent less than the 148 
million pounds reported for 1955. Sales were 111 million pounds, 
valued at 67 million dollars, in 1956, compared with 121 million 
pounds, valued at 70 million dollars, in 1955. Also included in this 
report are statistics for the dithiocarbamic acid and benzothiazole 
derivatives that are used as accelerators. Of the total production 
of cyclic rubber-processing chemicals in 1956, accelerators ac- 
counted for 44. 7 percent, antioxidants for 50.6 percent, and other 
uses, for about 5 percent. Statistics on the production and sales of 
amino and hydroxy antioxidants cannot be given in this report be- 
cause their release would disclose the operations of individual com- 
panies. Analysis of the data on amino antioxidants, however, shows 
that production of these compounds was about 15 percent lo^ver in 
1956 than in 1955. Sales of "nonstaining" antioxidants in 1956 are 
estimated to have been 12 million pounds, valued at 8 million 
dollars. 



TSee also table 21B, part III, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manu- 
facturers. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



45 



TARLE 21\. -Syntheti 



rganic che 



icais: United States product! 
1956 



and sales of rubber-processing chemicals , 



I Listed belcw are all rubber-processing chemicals for which any reported data on production or sales may be 
published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or 
where no data were reported.) Table 21B in part III lists separately all rubber-processing chemicals for 
which data on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each ] 



Produc- 
tion 



Quantity 



Unit 
value''^ 



Grand total 

RUBBER-PROCESSI^E CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 
Total 

Accelerators, total 

Dithiocarbamic acid derivatives 

Thiazole derivatives, total 

2,2'-Dithiobis[ben2othiazole] 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole^ 

All other^ 

All other accelerators 

Antioxidants, total^ 

Amino and hydroxy compounds* 

Phenol, alkylated 

All other*— - 

Peptizers, tackifiers. Inhibitors, and blowing agents 

RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 

Total 

Accelerators, total 

Dithiocarbamic acid derivatives, total^ 

Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, potassium salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt and sodium polj-sulfide- 
All other 

Tetramethylthiuram sulfides, total^ 

Tetramethj'lthiuram disulfide 

Tetramethylthiuram monosulfide 

All other 

Peptizers, stabilizers, and lubricating, conditioning, and blowing 

agents, total 

Dodecyl meroaptans 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 

167, U9 



1.000 
pounds 
132,231 



1,000 

dollars 

80,662 



wi,';9'; 



111,173 



67,253 



63,26^ 



265 
53,121 
18,202 
15,727 
19,192 
9,878 

71,553 



40,7.C8 



255 
31,851 
10,995 

3,221 
17,635 

8,642 

64,067 



24,138 



54,903 

1,630 

15,020 

6,677 



25,655 



49,631 
1,071 
13,365 

6,358 



21,058 



429 

17,118 

5,288 

1,204 

10,626 

6,591 

36,784 



28,738 
508 
7,538 

6,331 



13,409 



13,484 



9,469 



7,976 
1,271 
1,787 

208 
3,035 
1,675 
4,805 
3,515 
1,290 

703 



7,109 
5,062 



4,784 
1,084 
1,526 

1,089 
1,085 
4,297 
3,292 
1,005 



11,589 



8,362 



3,536 
952 



410 
1,284 
4,429 
3,313 
1,116 

397 



7,101 
4,488 



3,219 
1,828 



pound 

$0.61 



■ 59 
1.68 
.54 
.48 
.37 
.60 
.76 



.58 
.47 
.56 



.64 

.88 
.74 



.38 
1.18 
1.03 
1.01 
1.11 
1.02 



.44 

.45 
.41 



^ Calculated on rounded figures. 

^ Includes small quantities produced and sold for uses other than rubber processing. 

^ Sales of "nonstaining" antioxidants are estimated at 12 million pounds, valued at 8 million dollars. 

* Data on aldehyde- and acetone-amines were transferred from "all other" to "amino and hydroxy compounds" 
in 1955 and 1956 in order to avoid disclosing the operations of individual producers and to show data on 
total antioxidants. 

' Data on dithiocarbamates included in this table are for material used exclusively in the processing of 
natural and synthetic rubbers. Data on dithiocarbamates which are used as fungicides are reported in the 
section "Pesticides and Other Organic Agricultural Chemicals." 

' Includes data for small amounts of tetramethylthiuram sulfides for uses other than in the processing of 
natural and synthetic rubbers. 



Production of acyclic rubber-processing chemicals in 1956 
amounted to 25. 7 million pounds, compared with the 28. 7 million 
pounds reported for 1955. Sales were 21. 1 million pounds, valued 
at 13.4 million dollars, in 1956, compared with 22.4 million pounds, 
valued at 15. 3 million dollars, in 1955. Accelerators, principally 
dithiocarbamic acid derivatives and tetramethylthiuram sulfides, 
accountedfor about 53 percent of the output of acyclic rubber- 
processing chemicals in 1956. Peptizers and modifiers--chiefly 
dodecyl mercaptans, together with lubricating, conditioning, and 
blowing agents - -accounted for approximately 47 percent of the out- 
put in the acyclic group. 



46 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Elastomers (Synthetic Rubbers) 

The total domestic output of all types of elastomers (except 
vinyl elastomers) amounted to 2, 314 million pounds in 1956, com- 
pared with 2, 083 million pounds in 1955. Vinyl elastomers, which 
previously were included in this group, are now included in the 
statistics on plastics and resin materials on the basis of their 
chemical composition. Sales of all types of elastomers in 1956 
amounted to 2, 156 million pounds, valued at 588 million dollars. 
Statistics on the production and sales of elastomers are given in 
table 22A.» 

Production of cyclic elastomers, which consisted almost en- 
tirely of the polybutadiene-styrene (S-type), amounted to 1,808 mil- 
lion pounds in 1956, or 10 percent more than the 1, 643 million 
pounds reported for 1955. Sales of cyclic elastomers were 1,680 
million pounds, valued at 403 million dollars, in 1956, compared 
with 1,644 million pounds, valued at 402 million dollars, in 1955. 
The S-type rubbers are used principally in the manufacture of 
automobile and truck tires. 

The output of acyclic elastomers (except vinyl elastomers) 
amounted to 506 million pounds in 1956, compared with 440 million 



TABLE 22A. -Syn the ti 



rganic chemicals: Vniteri States prociu 
1956 



nd sales of elastc 



(synthetic rubbers) , 



[Listed below are all synthetic elastomers for which reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where 
no data were reported.) Table 22B in part III lists alphabetically all elastomers for which data on 
production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Produc - 
tion 



Quantity 



Value Unit value^ 



Grand total 

ELASTOMERS, CYCLIC 

Total 

Polybutadiene-styrene type (S-type) 

All other' 

ELASTOMERS, ACYCLIC 

Total 

Polybutadiene-acrylonltrlle type (N-type)- 

Polychloroprene type ^Neoprene) 

Polylsobutylene-isoprene type (Butyl) 

All other acyclic elastomers^ 



1,000 

pounds ^ 

2,3K,033 



1.000 

pounds^ 

2,155,856 



1,000 
dollars 
587,583 



Per 
pound 

$0.27 



1,807,69^ 



1,679,569 



'102,738 



1,797,637 
10,057 



506,339 



1,671,770 
7,799 



<;76,287 



398,695 
^,0^3 



76,286 
222,700 
165,8<il 

'il,512 



63,063 
218,600 



19^, 62^1 



31,069 
9-1,000 



59,776 



^ An elastomer is defined as a material which will stretch repeatedly to 150 percent or more of its origi- 
nal length and will return rapidly and with force to its approximate original state. 

^ Calculated on rounded figures. 

^ Elastomer content basis. 

* Includes data for modified S-types and for polyurethane . 

' Estimated from published data on consumption, inventories, and unit prices. 

' Includes data for the production and sales of THIOKOL polysulfide polymers, polybutadlene, polyiso- 
butylene, and silicone elastomers, and natural rubber modifications; and for sales of butyl elastomer. 

Note. --Polyvinyl elastomers, formerly shown in this report, are now covered in the section on plastics and 
resin materials on the basis of their components. Statistics on the production of S-type, N-type, butyl, and 
neoprene elastomers were compiled in cooperation with the Business and Defense Services Adioinistration, 
U. S. Department of Commerce. 



8 See also table 22B, part in, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manu- 
facturers. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 47 

pounds in 1955. Sales of acyclic elastomers were 476 million 
pounds, valued at 185 million dollars, in 1956, connpared with 425 
million pounds, valued at 170 nnillion dollars, in 1955, The acyclic 
group of elastomers includes oil-resistant types such as neoprene, 
special-purpose types such as butyl (used in the manufacture of 
inner tubes for tires), N-types, and silicone elastomers. 

Plasticizers 

Plasticizers are organic chemicals that are added to plastics 
and resin materials to extend or modify the natural properties of 
the resins, and to develop new and improved properties not present 
in the resins themselves. They innpart qualities of relatively perma- 
nent flexibility, toughness, and improved flowing properties in the 
molding and extrusion presses. Statistics on plasticizers are given 
in table 23A.' 

The total domestic output of all types of plasticizers amounted 
to 417 million pounds in 1956, or 5. 2 percent more than the 396 
million pounds reported for 1955. Sales of plasticizers were 331 
million pounds, valued at 106 million dollars, in 1956, compared 
with 338 million pounds, valued at 104 million dollars, in 1955. 

Production of cyclic plasticizers in 1956, which consisted prin- 
cipally of the esters of phosphoric acid and phthalic anhydride, 
amounted to 315 million pounds- -slightly more than the output of 
296 million pounds reported for 1955. Sales of cyclic plasticizers 
were 244 million pounds, valued at 73 million dollars, in 1956, 
compared with 253 million pounds, valued at 72 million dollars, in 
1955. As in previous years, phthalic anhydride esters, used pri- 
marily in the production of vinyl resins, were the class of cyclic 
plasticizers produced in the largest volume in 1956. The output of 
phthalic anhydride esters in 1956 was 237 million pounds; sales 
amounted to 176 million pounds, valued at 51 million dollars. 

Production of acyclic plasticizers, consisting of the esters of 
adipic, azelaic, oleic, phosphoric, sebacic, stearic, and other 
acids, amounted to 101 million pounds in 1956, compared with 100 
million pounds in 1955. Sales of acyclic plasticizers were 88 million 
pounds, valued at 34 million dollars, in 1956, compared with 85 
million pounds, valued at 32 million dollars, in 1955. 



9 See also table 23B, part ni, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manu- 
facturers. 



48 



TAHLE 23\.- -Syntheti 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

ganic chemicals: United States production and sales of plasticizers, 1956 



[Listed below are all plasticizers for which reported data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders 
are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data were 
reported. ) Table 23B in part III lists all plasticizers for which data on production or sales were re- 
ported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Produc - 
tion 



Sales 



Grand total 

PLASTICIZERS, CYCLIC 

Total 

Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown^ 

Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below 

Phosphoric acid esters; 

Tricresyl phosphate-' 

Triphenyl phosphate 

Phthalic anhydride esters, total 

Butyl decyl phthalate 

Dibutyl phthalate 

Dicapryl phthalate 

Dicyclohexyl phthalate 

Diethyl phthalate 

Diisodecyl phthalate 

Di(2-methoxyethyl) phthalate (Di (methyl oellosolve) phthalate] 

Dimethyl phthalate 

Dioctyl phthalates, total 

Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate 

Diiso-octyl, di-n-octyl, and mixed octyl phthalates 

Octyl deoyl phthalate 

All other 

PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC 

Total 

Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown^ 

Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below 

Adipic acid esters, total 

Didecyl adipate 

Di(2-ethylhexyl) adipate 

Dilso-octyl adipate 

All other 

Azelaic acid esters 

Glyceryl monor ic inoleate 

Oleic acid esters, total 

Butyl oleate 

Methyl oleate 

Ail other 

Phosphoric acid esters 

Sebacic acid esters, total 

Dibutyl sebacate 

All other 

Stearic acid esters, total 

Butyl stearate 

All other 

Triethylene glycol difcaprylate-caprate) 



416,788 



315,30 



37,378 
277,965 



32,265 

8,318 



2.37,382 



3,869 

22,017 

3,667 

18,661 
17,038 
3,2-17 
A, 037 
111,661 
80,632 
31,029 
11,269 
41,916 



101,445 



42,789 
58,656 



8,504 



1,150 
1,128 
2,218 



9,474 
301 



1,858 

693 

7,533 

6,565 

11,702 



3,111 
8,591 



10,586 



7,085 

3,501 



1,440 



1,000 
pounds 
331,333 



1,000 
dollars 
106,489 



243,656 



72,502 



37,203 
206,453 



11,762 
60,740 



30,843 



175,610 



4,003 
15,481 
3,769 
2,292 
9,053 
10,015 

3,474 
81,624 
53,271 
28,353 

10,710 
35,189 



87,677 



9,834 



50,906 



1,1 

4,024 

1,070 

1,273 

2,270 

2,935 

899 
23,037 
15,065 
7,972 
3,357 
10,973 



33,987 



36,325 
51,352 



13,418 
20,569 



6,561 



2,867 



1,742 

1,536 

996 

2,287 

8,946 



7,691 



393 
7,298 
6,785 
9,386 



696 

614 

437 

1,120 

3,785 
93 

2,455 



90 
2,365 
2,937 
5,421 



8,586 
10,360 



6,904 
3,456 



1,335 



5i: 

4,908 



2,459 



1,492 
967 



^ Calculated on rounded figures. 

^ Includes data for synthetic camphor, certain phosphoric acid esters, toluenesulfonamides, tetrahydro- 
furfuryl oleate, and other cyclic plasticizers. 

^ Includes material produced for use as motor-fuel additive. 

* Includes data for citric and acetylcitrio, palmitic, tartaric, and ricinoleic acid esters, and for butyl 
myristate, glyceryl and glycol esters of certain fatty acids, glyceryl tripropionate, complex polymeric 
materials, and other acyclic plasticizers. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 49 

Surface-Active Agents 

The surface-active agents covered in this report include syn- 
thetic organic detergents, and wetting, dispersing, penetrating, 
and emulsifying agents; soaps are not included. As the data in this 
report on surface -active agents are given in terms of 100-percent 
active material, they exclude all inorganic salts, water, and 
diluents. 

Originally developed as soap substitutes for the textile industry, 
surface -active agents have proved valuable in many other applica- 
tions because of their varied and specific properties. Today, 
packaged household and industrial detergents account for about 75 
percent of the total output. The rest, used as wetting, dispersing, 
penetrating, and emulsifying agents, find many applications in the 
processing of textiles and leather, in ofe flotation and oil-drilling 
operations, and in the manufacture of paints, agricultural sprays, 
lubricants, cosmetics, foods, and many other products. 

Statistics on production and sales of surface-active agents in 
1956 are given in table 24A." In 1956, production of surface-active 
agents as a group, except oil-soluble petroleum sulfonates (a type 
previously included in this group but now included with lubricating 
oil additives in the group of miscellaneous cyclic chemicals), 
totaled 1, 148 million pounds, or 11.4 percent more than the 1,031 
million pounds reported for 1955." Sales were 1,047 million 
pounds, valued at 208 million dollars, in 1956, compared with 962 
million pounds, valued at 229 million dollars, in 1955. 

In 1956 the production of anionic surface -active agents (sulfated 
and sulfonated cyclic and acyclic compounds, phosphorus -containing 
acyclic compounds, and acyclic salts of fatty acids) amounted to 872 
million pounds, or 76. percent of the total quantity of surface- 
active agents produced. This quantity was 90 million pounds more 
than the output in 1955. Sales totaled 805 million pounds, valued at 
128 million dollars, in 1956, compared with 747 million pounds, 
valued at 155 million dollars, in 1955. In volume of production in 
1956, the principal items in the anionic group were the dodecylben- 
zenesulfonic acid type of surface -active agent (457 million pounds) 
and the sulfated and sulfonated acids, alcohols, and esters (146 
million pounds). Data on production of the nonionic and cationic 
surfactants may not be given in this report because their release 
would disclose the operations of individual companies. However, 
production and sales of each of these classes of surface -active 
agents are increasing each year; production and sales of the non- 
ionic type have been increasing more rapidly than have production 
and sales of cationic surfactants. 



10 See also table 24B, part III, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manu- 
facturers, 

11 Production and sales data for 1955 adjusted to reflect transfer of oil-soluble petroleum 
sulfonates to miscellaneous chemicals. 



50 

TARLE 2AK--Syntheti 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



icals: United States product i 



[Listed below are all surface -active agents for which reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no 
data were reported. ) Table 24B in part III lists all surface-active agents for which data on production or 
sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Grand total 

SURFACE -ACTIVE AGENTS, CYCLIC 
Total 

Esters and ethers, nonsulfonated-' 

Nitrogen-containing surface-active agents, nonsulfonated, 

total* • 

Benzyllauryldimethylanmionium chloride 

All other 

Sulfated and sulfonated cyclic surface-active agents, total- 
Alkyl benzenoid compounds, sulfated and sulfonated, total- 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid type 

All other 

Lignin derivatives, sulfonated 

Naphthalene derivatives, sulfonated, total 

Butylnaphthalenesulfcnic acid, mono and di 

Diamylnaphthalenesulfonic acid 

Isopropylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, mono and di 

All other 

Petroleum aromatic compounds, sulfonated:^ V/ater-soluble- 

type petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt 

All other sulfated and sulfonated cyclic surface-active 

agents, total' 

Toluene sulfonate, sodium salt 

All other 

SURFACE-ACTIVE AGEHTS, ACICLIC 

Total 

Esters and ethers, nonsulfonated, total' 

Dielhylene glycol monclaurate 

Diethylene glycol mono-oleate 

Diethylene glycol monostearate 

Glycerol mono-oleate 

Glycerol monostearate 

Polyethoxyethyl dilaurate 

Polyethoxyethyl dioleate 

Polyethoxyethyl monolaurate 

Polyethoxyethyl mono-oleate 

Polyethoxyethyl monos t earate 

Polyethoxyethyl tallow ester 

Polyethoxyethyl tridecyl ether 

1,2-Propylene glycol monolaurate 

1,2-Propylene glycol monostearate 

All other 

Nitrogen-containing surface-active agents, nonsulfonated, 
total 

N-(Aminoethyl)-M-(hydroxyethyl)stearamide 'Stearamide of 

aminoethylethanolajnine) 

Coconut oil amide of mono(diethanolamine ) (Diethanol 

lauramide) 

Coconut oil amide of bis(diethanolamine) 

Coconut oil amide of diethanolamine, neither mono nor bis 
N,N-Di(2-hydroxyethyl)oleamide (Diethanol oleamide ) 

(Diethanolamine oleate ) 

N,N-Di(2-hydroxyethyl)stearamide (Diethanol stearamide)-- 

Stearamide of diethylenetriamine 

All other^ 

Phosphorus-containing surface-active agents, nonsulfonated - 

Salts of fatty acids, nonsulfonated, total 

Coconut oil, potassium salt 

Potassium laurate 

Potassium oleate 

Potassium tallate 

Sodium oleate 

Sodium stearate 



1,000 
pounds 

,U8,006 



751, 6U 



vg.-ivg 



12,562 



"593" 
11,964 



659,573 



i62,051 

'V57,267 

<4,78<; 

155,286 

7,655 

2,182 

90 

1,008 

A, 375 



29,322 

7,<!,77 
21,845 



396,392 



1U,20C 



1,046,821 



689,722 



64,633 



8,591 



595 
7,996 



616,498 



440,513 

435,761 

4,752 

137,997 

5,033 

2,177 

94 

2,762 



32,955 
7,394 
25,561 



357,099 



103,487 



~3T3" 

253 

i,690 

7,877 

12,247 

464 

462 

1,065 

2,101 

2,762 

488 

2,828 

173 

835 j 

80,140 i 



69,745 



2,232 

3,069 
3,585 

1,761 



1,287 

466 

56,357 

1,890 

10,322 



^^ 
125 
846 
721 
1,034 
741 



"53r 

219 

1,105 

7,803 

11,773 

465 

271 

859 

1,086 

1,668 

319 

2,879 

172 

837 

73,200 



65,160 



Unit 

Value , 2 
value" 



1.000 
dollars 

207,998 



1,937 

2,871 
2,998 
1,488 

1,041 

1,039 

439 

53,347 

1,173 

9,920 



45 
125 
575 
701 
1,015 
661 



18,726 



5,352 



657 
4,695 



86,296 



70,396 
69,176 
1,220 
5,053 
2,611 
1,357 
49 

1,205 



8,236 

756 

7,480 



97,624 



27,165 



273 
70 
301 
3,327 
3,114 
188 
134 
332 
390 
962 



253 
16,748 



2,052 

1,612 

1,073 

531 

399 

435 

271 

22,097 

685 

2,144 



54 
552 
135 
184 
207 



See foctnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



51 



TABLE 2A^. -Synthetic organi 



United States production and s 
Continued 



r face-active agents,' 195S-- 



Unit 
value ^ 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC- -Continued 

Salts of fatty acids, nonsulfonated- -Continued 

All other 



Sulfated and sulfonated acyclic surface-active agents, total-- 
Acids, alcohols, and esters, sulfated and sulfonated, total — 

Oleic acid, sulfonated 

Lauryl sulfate, diethanolamine salt 

Lauryl sulfate, sodium salt 

Lauryl sulfate, triethanolamine salt 

Isopropyl sulfo-ole^te 

n-Propyl sulfo-oleate 

All other 

Nitrogen-containing surface-active agents, sulfated and 

sulfonated, total 

Coconut oil amide of monoethanolamine, sulfated, 

potassium salt 

Coconut oil amide of monoethanolamine, sulfated, sodium 

salt 

All other 

Oils, fats, and waxes, sulfated and sulfonated, total 

Animal fats and oils, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Neat's-foot oil, sulfonated 

Tallow, sulfonated 

Fish and marine-animal oils, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Cod oil, sulfonated 

Sperm oil, sulfonated 

Tall oil, sulfonated 

Vegetable oils, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Castor oil, sulfonated 

Coconut oil, sulfonated 

Mustard-seed oil, sulfonated 

Peanut oil, sulfonated 

Rice-bran oil, sulfonated 

Soybean oil, sulfonated 

All other oils, fats, and waxes, sulfated and sulfonated'- 



1.000 
pounds 

6,811 

200,235 



U6,138 

2,680 

194 

10,506 

3,095 

778 

l,'i91 

127, 39-; 

5,731 

113 

269 

5,349 

48,366 

1,870 
10,394 

3,214 

5,316 

334 

8,968 
599 
224 

2,048 

771 

295 

14,333 



i.OOO 
pounds 

6,798 

177,359 



136,310 

1,656 

178 

9,049 

3,083 

769 

1,269 

120,306 

5,582 

112 

248 

5,222 

35,467 

1,692 
8,526 

3,132 

2,608 

313 

6,917 

407 

94 

1,951 
323 
278 

9,226 



1,000 
dollars 

996 

39,160 



pound 
$0.15 



30,573 
600 
122 
4,879 
861 
381 
303 

23,427 

1,837 



120 
1,641 
6,750 

394 
1,234 

468 
503 
83 

1,370 
],04 
18 
545 
82 
79 
1,870 



.22 
.36 
.69 
.54 
.28 
.50 



"■ Data are given in terms of bulk surface-active agents, that is, in tenns of 100-percent content of 
surface-active agents, exclusive of all inorganic salts, water, or other ingredients. 

^ Calculated on rounded figures, 

^ Includes polyhydric alcohol and phenyl ethers and esters. 

* Includes quaternary ammonium compounds. 

' Oil-soluble-type petroleum sulfonates used chiefly as lubricating oil additives were transferred to mis- 
cellaneous cyclic chemicals in 1956. 

' Includes sulfated and sulfonated phenyl ethers and substituted biphenyls. 

'' Includes certain lauric, oleic, and stearic acid esters reported as plastioizers before 1953. 

' Includes amine salts of fatty acids, esters of hydroxyamines , fatty acid amines, quaternary ammonium 
compounds, salts of nitrilo acids, and fatty acid derivatives of guanidine, glycine, polypeptides, and 
others . 

' Includes sodium salt of aliphatic petroleum sulfonate, sulfonated synthetic Japan wax, sulfonated re- 
covered grease, sulfonated lard oil, sulfonated wool grease, and other sulfonated animal, fish, and vege- 
table oils. 

Pesticides and Other Organic Agricultural Chemicals 

Pesticides (fungicides, herbicides, insecticides, and rodenti- 
cides) and other organic agricultural chemicals such as fumigants, 
plant hormones, seed disinfectants, and soil conditioners are 
covered in this section of the report. As in other sections of the 
report, the data (except where otherwise indicated) are given in 
terms of 100-percent active material; they thus exclude such ma- 
terials as diluents, emulsifiers, synergists, and wetting agents. 
Statistics on production and sales of pesticides and other organic 
agricultural chemicals in 1956 are given in table Z5A. ^ 

In 1956 production of all pesticides and other organic agricul- 
tural chemicals amounted to 570 million pounds, or 12.6 percent 



12 See also table 25B, part III, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the 
manufacturers. 



52 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TAHLF 2S\. -Synthetic organic chemicals 



United States prodiii 
agricultural chemica 



1956 



of pesti 



[ Listed below are all pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals for which any reported data on 
production or sales may be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence 
and may not be published or where no data were reported. ) Table 25B in part III lists all pesticides and 
other organic agricultural chemicals for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies 
the manufacturer of each] 



Produc- 
tion 



Sales 



Quanti ty 



Unit 
value^ 



Grand total- 



PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 
Total 



Fungicides and seed disinfectants, total- 
Mercury fungicides 

Naphthenic acid, copper salt 

Pent achlorophenol 

2,'i-,5-Trichlorophenol 

All other 



Herbicides and plant hormones, total 

Naphthaleneacetic and naphthyloxyacetic acid derivatives- 
Phenoxyacetic acid, salts, and derivatives: 

(2,'i-Dichlorophenoxy)acetic acid (2,4-D) 

(2,'+-Dichlorophenoxy )acetic acid esters, total 

n-Butyl 2,4-dichlorophencxyaGetate 

Iso-oc tyl 2 , A-dichlorophenoxyace tate 

Isopropyl 2,^-dichlor&phenoxyacetate 

All other 

(2,'i-Dichlorophenoxy)acetic acid salts 

(2,'i,5-Trichlorophencxy )acetic acid (2,4,5-T) 

(2,'i,5-Trichlorophenoxy)acetic acid esters, total 

n-Dutyl 2,'4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetate 

Iso-oc tyl 2,'i,5-trichlorophenoxyacetate 

All other 

Phenylmeroury acetate (PMA) 

All other 



Insecticides and rodenticides, total 

Hexachlorocyclohexane (Benzene hexachloride)^ 

Parathion (0,0-Dlethyl O-(p-nitrophenyl)phosphorothioate) 

l,l,l-Trichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane (DDT) 

All other' 



PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 



Total - 



Fumigants, fungicides, and seed disinfectants, total 

Bromomethane (Methyl bromide) 

Diraethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt (Ziram) 

Ethylene bis(dithiocarbamio acid), disodium salt (Nabam)- 
All other 



Herbicides, insecticides, rodenticides, and soil conditioners, 

total 

Ethyl pyrophosphate (Tetraethylpyrcphosphate) (TEPP)'^ 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 
569,927 



72,975 



527 
2,012 

31,385 
6,735 

32,316 

69,884 



160 

28,835 

19, 476 

7,925 

1,210 

5,351 

4,990 

1,766 

5,169 

7,045 

425 

1,621 

4,999 

693 

6,740 

331,106 



84,599 

6,529 

137,659 

102,319 



95,962 



67,186 



10,204 
2,179 
1,436 
5,486 

47,881 



28,776 



28,776 



1,000 
pounds 

399,401 



1,000 
dollars 
172,908 



342,863 



135,257 



59,409 



530 
2,048 

25,055 
2,800 

28,976 

41,894 



18,869 



2,064 
673 
4,603 
2,268 
9,261 

31,200 



14,253 
14,308 
4,146 

821 
4,844 
4,497 
1,772 
1,799 
3,248 

168 

757 
2,323 

645 
5,771 

241 , 560 



70,988 

6,265 

107,892 

56,415 



56,538 



236 

4,951 
5,893 
1,930 

354 
1,749 
1,860 

852 
1,895 
3,278 

178 

730 
2,370 
3,916 
10,179 

85,188 



8,321 

7,842 

21,873 

47,152 



37,651 



31,709 



20,636 



9,148 
1,322 
1,353 
5,709 
14, 177 



24,829 



4,165 
291 
842 

2,826 
12,512 



17,015 



376 
24,453 



447 
16,568 



4;0.43 



.36 

.41 

.48 

1.05 

1.01 

1.06 

.96 

1.02 

6.07 

1.76 



1.25 
.20 
.84 



1.19 
.68 



■"" Calculated on rounded figures. 

^ Production of the gamma isomer content in benzene hexachloride totaled 14.7 million pounds; sales 
amounted to 12.8 million pounds. 

' Combined production in this group of aldrin, chlordan, dieldrin, endrin, heptachlor, and toxaphene 
amounted to 86,659 thousand pounds. Sales totaled 43,041 thousand pounds, valued at 35,936 thousand dollars. 

* TEPP is 40 ethyl pyrophosphate. 



more than the 506 million pounds reported for 1955. Sales amounted 
to 399 nnillion pounds, valued at 173 million dollars, in 1956, com- 
pared with 415 million pounds, valued at 153 million dollars, in 
1955. 

The output of cyclic pesticides and other cyclic chemicals in 
this group totaled 474 million pounds in 1956, or 10.4 percent more 
than the 429 million pounds produced in 1955. Sales were 343 million 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 53 

pounds, valued at 135 million dollars, in 1956, compared with 354 
million pounds, valued at 1 Z6 million dollars, in 1955. 

Production of cyclic insecticides and rodenticides in 1956 was 
331 million pounds, or 58. 1 percent of the total output of all organic 
pesticides and 70. percent of the tot^al output of cyclic pesticides. 
Sales in 1956 totaled 242 million pounds, valued at 85 million 
dollars. The chemical in this subgroup that was produced in the 
greatest quantity in 1956 was the insecticide DDT, production of 
which amounted to 138 million pounds. 

The output of acyclic pesticides and other acyclic organic agri- 
cultural chennicals in 1956 amounted to 96 million pounds, connpared 
with the 77 million pounds reported for 1955. Sales were 57 million 
pounds, valued at 38 million dollars, in 1956, compared with 61 
million pounds, valued at 27 million dollars, in 1955. 

Miscellaneous Synthetic Organic Chemicals 

As used in this report, the term "miscellaneous synthetic 
organic chemicals" refers to such products as halogenated hydro- 
carbons, paint driers, photographic chemicals, solvents, and 
tanning materials that are not included in the use groups covered in 
the other sections of the report. Production of these miscellaneous 
chemicals as a group totaled 25, 233 million pounds in 1956, repre- 
senting an increase of 20.6 percent over the 20,925 million pounds 
produced in 1955. Sales totaled 10, 355 million pounds, valued at 
1, 570 million dollars, in 1956, connpared with 9, 740 million pounds, 
valued at 1,439 million dollars, in 1955._ Statistics on production 
and sales of miscellaneous chemicals in 1956 are given in table 
26A . " 

The output of cyclic miscellaneous chemicals as a group totaled 
677 million pounds in 1956, showing an increase of 7. 7 percent over 
the 629 million pounds reported for 1955. Sales totaled 414 million 
pounds, valued at 130 million dollars, in 1956, compared with 410 
million pounds, valued at 117 million dollars, in 1955. On the basis 
of use, the most important group was the lubricating oil additives, 
including oil-soluble petroleum sulfonates which formerly were in- 
cluded with surface-active agents. Production of lubricating oil 
additives totaled 348 million pounds in 1956, compared with 336 
million pounds in 1955. 

In 1956 the output of acyclic miscellaneous chemicals as a group 
totaled 24, 556 million pounds, an increase of 21. percent from the 
20, 296 million pounds reported for 1955. This miscellaneous group 
includes chemicals used as acyclic intermediates, solvents, flota- 
tion reagents, aerosol propellents, refrigerants, and for other 
purposes. Sales of acyclic miscellaneous chemicals totaled 9,942 
million pounds, valued at 1,440 million dollars, in 1956, compared 
with 9, 330 million pounds, valued at 1, 322 million dollars, in 
1955. " 



i3See also table 26B, part UI, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manu- 
facturers. 

"The large difference between production and sales indicates that a substantial part of the output 
of acyclic miscellaneous chemicals is consumed at the producing plants in the manufacture of more 
advanced products. Acyclic miscellaneous chemicals so used are, therefore, acyclic intermediates. 
Although acyclic intermediates correspond in function to cyclic intermediates, the chemical industry 
does not commonly recognize any special group of acyclic miscellaneous chemicals as intermediates. 



54 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 26^. -Synthetic organic cbe 



als: United States product i 



illaneous chemicals, 1956 



[Listed below are all miscellaneous chemicals for which any reported data on production or sales may be pub- 
lished. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or 
where no data v;ere reported. ) Table 26B in part HI lists alphabetically all miscellaneous chemicals for 
which data on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Production 



Quantity 



Grand total - 



MISCELLANEOUS CHIMICAI^, CYCLIC 



Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown- 
Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below — 



Benzoic acid salts: Sodium benzoate, tech. and U.S.P- 

Camphene 

Chemical reagents 

Cyclopropane 



2,6-Di-tert-butyl-p-cresol, total - 

Food grade 

Tech 



Flotation reagents, total 

Thiocarbanilide (Diphenylthiourea)- 
All other 



Hexamethylenetetramine, tech- 



Lubricating oil additives, total^ 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, calcium salt- 
Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt — 
All other 



Naphthenic acid salts, total-' ''- 

Calcium naphthenate 

Cobalt naphthenate 

Iron naphthenate 

Lead naphthenate 

Manganese naphthenate 

Zinc naphthenate 

All other 



Photographic chemicals, total 

Benzotriazole 

p-Diazo-N,N-diethylaniline, zinc chloride salt- 
All other 



n-Propyl gallate — 
Research chemicals- 



Rosin acid salts, total-'- 

Lead resinate 

All other 



Tall oil salts, total-* 

Cobalt tallate 

Lead tallate 

Manganese tallate — 
All other 



Tanning materials, synthetic, total 

2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate and salt- 
All other 



Textile chemicals, other than surface- active agents- 
MISCELLAMEOUS CHBCCALS, ACYCLIC 
Total 



Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown- 
Chemicals for which separate statistics are shovm below — 



25,232,537 



10,355,466 



1.000 

dollars 

1,569,877 



676,844 



190,212 
486,632 



4,110 
22,899 



10,440 



1,673 
8,767 



5,653 



"S9 
5,234 



29, 290 



347, S 



94,752 

78,509 

174,719 

18,309 



1,13 

3,441 

124 

10,491 

1,794 

812 

515 

4,929 



109 
4,807 



5,367 



2,190 

2,168 

498 

511 

34,945 



26,073 
8,872 



1,270 



24,555,693 



6,766,663 
17,789,030 



413,823 



129,720 



125,286 
288,537 



58,089 
71,631 



4,108 

21 
116 

10,025 



1,525 
8,500 



4,273 



1,518 



128 
1,928 



8,370 



1,514 
6,856 



1,393 



4,273 
19,701 
187,303 



1,393 

3,515 

32,415 



63,570 
123,733 



17,346 



8,737 
23,678 



5,670 



1,077 

3,094 

128 

10,095 

1,704 

795 

453 

4,674 



4,574 



5,097 



2,036 

2,109 

478 

474 

33,608, 



25,237 
8,371 



1,176 



9,941,643 



425 
1,927 
43 
2,290 
529 
296 
160 

6,411 



73 
207 
6,131 

127 
565 



1,782 



1,001 
528 
128 

125 

5,902 



4,034 



1,690 



1,440,157 



2,018,915 618,974 
7,922,728 821,183 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



55 



TABLE 26A. --Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of . 

/956--ContinueH 



Production 



Quantity Value 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Acetaldehyde 

Acetic acid, synthetic 100^' 

Acetic acid salts, total 

Aluminum acetate 

Ammonium acetate 

Lead subacetate 

Magnesium acetate 

Potassium acetate 

Uinc acetate 

All other 

Acetic anhydride, 100^, from all sources 

Acetone, total 

By fermentation 

From isopropyl alcohol 

All other 

Acrylonitrile 

Adipic acid 

Amines, total 

n-Butylamlne 

Dinethylamine 

Ethylenedi amine 

Methyl amine, mono 

Octylamine 

All other 

Bis(2-chloroethyl) ether (Dichlorodiethyl ether) 

Butyl acetates, 9056, total 

Primary, normal 

All other 

Butyl alcohols, 100$, total 

Primary, normal 

All other 

Carbon disulfide 

Cellulose esters and ethers, total 

Cellulose acetate 

Sodium carboxymethylcellulose, lOO^t 

All other 

Chloral (Trichloroacetaldehyde) 

Chloroacetic acid, mono 

2-Chloro-N, N-dimethylethylamine (Dimethylaminoethyl 
chloride) hydrochloride 

Citric acid salts, total 

Potassium citrate 

All other 

Diethylene glycol 

Diethyl malonate (Malonic ester) 

2-Dimethylaminoethanol 

Ethanolamines, total 

Monoethanolamine ( 2-Aminoethanol ) 

Diethanolamine (2,2'-Aminodiethanol) 

Triethanolamine (2,2 ', 2"-Nitrilotriethanol) 

Ethyl acetate, 855t 

Ethyl alcohol, synthetic' 

a-Ethyloaproic (2-Ethyl-l-hexoic ) acid salts, total-- 

Calcium a-ethylcaproate 

Cobalt a-ethylcaproate 

Lead a-ethylcaproate 

Manganese a-ethylcaproate 

Zinc a-ethylcaproate 

All other 



See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 



549,818 
17,143 



324 
278 
78 
21 
816 
614 
15,012 

909,736 

606,643 



35,806 
78,575 



16,358 



23,494 

499,184 

83,965 

140,569 



228,865 



353 
275 



735 
14,941 



324,242 



1,000 
dollars 
2,976 
6,589 

3,183 



21,92'' 
228,326 
73,989 

113,412 
21,603 

55,234 



164 

114 
30 

211 

2,664 

21,340 



17,942 
1,871 

208,300 

9,461 

82,253 



64,128 
18,125 



515,031 



"521 

7,937 

14,468 

1,764 

18 

30,626 



76,085 



1,565 
15,539 
4,236 

30,606 
6,806 

23,550 



220 

2,619 

6,306 

548 

12 

13,845 



9,574 



60,327 
15,758 



182,261 



8,105 
1,469 



23,169 



223,414 
291,617 



555,142 
665,918 



142,465 
39,796 



485,420 
198,991 



19,228 
3,941 



24,563 

79,000 



450,306 
24,237 
191,375 

37,105 
45, 



5,441 



198,991 

11,651 
58 



79,000 

2,226 

120 



T36 
5,285 

91,920 

1,188 

617 

93,359 



29,147 
40,428 
23,784 

90,816 
1,275,506 

1,174 



74,920 
269 



76,053 



10,266 
216 



18,050 



' 27,372 
26,227 
22,454 

76,666 
615,974 

1,122 



6,735 
6,303 
5,012 

7,528 
30,993 



210 
123 
19 
154 
570 



93 
210 
115 

19 
136 
549 



pound 



56 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 26^.- -Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of miscellaneous che 

7956- -Continued 



Quantity Value 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC --Continued 

Ethylene glycol 

Ethylene oxide 

Ethyl ether, total 

Technical grade 

All other 

Ethyl formate 

Ethyl silicate 

Fats and oils, chemically modified 

Fatty acid esters not included with plasticizers or surface- 
active agents 

Fatty and synthetic higher alcohols (Cio and higher), total- 

Decyl alcohol 

1-Hexadecanol (Cetyl alcohol) 

All other 

Flotation reagents 

Formaldehyde, 375i HCHO by weight 

Formic acid, 90?i- 

Formic acid salts, total 

Aliiminum formate 

Ammonium formate 

All other 

Halogenated hydrocarbons, total 

Carbon tetrachloride 

Chlorinated paraffins, total 

35-64^ chlorine 

All other 

Chloroethane (Ethyl chloride), all grades 

Chlorofonn, tech. and U.S.? 

Chloromethane (Methyl chloride), all grades 

1,2-Diohloroethane (Ethylene dichloride) 

Dichloromethane (Methj'lene chloride), all grades 

Tetrachloroethylene (Perchloroethylene) 

Trichloroethylene 

Vinyl chloride (Chloroethylene ) , monomer 

All other 

Iso-octyl alcohol (6-Methyl-l-heptanol) 

Isopropyl alcohol'' 

Lactic acid, IOO5S, total 

Edible and medicinal 

Tech 

Lauroyl chloride 

Linoleic acid salts, total^ 

Calcium linoleate 

Cobalt linoleate 

Lead linoleate 

All other 

Lubricating oil additives, total 

Sulfurized speim oil 

All other 

Methanol, synthetic* 

Methyl acetate 

1- and 2-Octancl 

Oleic acid salts, total'' 

Aluminum oleate 

Lead oleate 

All other 

Oxalic acid 

Oxalic acid salts 

Palmitic acid salts: Zinc palmitate 

Palmitcyl chloride 

Pentaeryxhritol 

Pentaerythritol tetranitrate 

Polyacrylic acid, sodium and potassium salts 

Polyethylene glycol 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,020,656 
1,0A3,097 



84,536 



pounds 

439,233 

130,911 

76,607 



1.000 
dollars 
52,740 

19,5c/. 

6,072 



80,344 
4,192 



6,835 
546 



8,841 
166, 546 



72,937 
3,670 

131 

5,861 

312 

7,736 

44,248 



643 
165,903 

24,491 

1,399,249 

16,642 

22,348 



20,069 

686 

23,493 

21,464 

710,867 

15,829 



3,341 
2,731 



2,596 
129 



2,446 
10,829 



4,059 

221 

6,549 

5,731 
22,649 
2,386 



1,108 
9 
21,231 

3,952,673 



302,480 

52,846 

26,855 

25,991 

645,524 

46,308 

41,564 

613,442 

95,391 

185,628 

346,056 

596,520 

1,026,914 

42,557 
1,062,974 

4,97; 



9 
18,127 



1,674,250 



3,852 
1,120 



1,097 

1,014 



269,603 

43,087 

17,424 

25,663 

145,841 

31,199 

27,327 

109,098 

89,277 

168,951 

303,195 

103,878 

382,794 

36,676 
390,996 

4,751 



1,234 
222,617 



20,626 

6,031 

2,025 

4,006 

10,302 

4,708 

3,213 

6,044 

10,005 

17,256 

32,687 

11,133 

100,612 

6,983 

22,757 



3,679 
1,072 



1,499 
276 



255 

225 

56 

478 

120,760 



6,651 
114,109 

1,592,199 
12,240 
3,809 



34 
627 



21,265 



277 
6,171 



21,265 

888,697 

2,322 

290 



6,171 

34,823 

552 

99 



55 
164 

17,825 
4,169 
417 
86 
57,120 
2,117 
4,710 
24,902 



65 

65 

160 

17,135 
4,286 



49,463 
2,009 
3,831 

21,410 



27 



2,867 
1,062 



16,002 
1,513 
1,427 
5,410 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



57 



TABLE 2f A. --Synthetic orga 



als: United States product ion and sales of miscel laneous chemicals 
1956- -Continued 



Unit 
value^ 



MISCELLANEOUS CffiMICAI^, ACi:CLIC--Continued 



Polyglycerol 

Propionic acid 

Propylene glycol (1,2-Propanediol) 

Research chemicals 

Sarcosine (N-Methylaminoacetic acid)- 



Sequestering agents, total 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid (Ethylenediamine- 

tetraacetic acid) 

(Ethylenedinltrilo)tetraacetio acid, monosodium iron salt- 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, tetrasodium salt 

All other 



52 
18,711 
81,053 

85 

9,815 



1,000 
pounds 

5,977 

72 

6,179 



1.000 
dollars 

1,158 

296 

2,966 



Sodium formaldehyde sulfoxylate- 

Stearic acid salts, total^° 

Aluminum stearates, total 

Aluminum distearate 

All other 

Cadmium stearate 

Calcium stearate 

Lead stearate 

Lithium stearate 

Magnesium stearate 

Zinc stearate 

All other 



1,823 

5,553 
2,439 

5,898 

23,128 



Thioglycolio acid salts: Ammonium thioglycolate — 

Tri ethylene glycol 

Urea in compounds or mixtures (lOO^t basis), total ^ 

Urea in solid fertilizer 

Urea in fertilizer solution 

All other 

Vinyl acetate, monomer 

Zinc formaldehyde sulfoxylate 



6,326 
4,395 
1,931 
8 
4,704 

706 
47 

975 
7,520 
2,842 

1,487 
19,719 
841,801 



1,467 

355 

3,127 

1,230 

5,485 

21,665 



6,138 
4,31 
1,907 
6 
4,471 

576 
56 

812 
6,920 
2,686 

1,393 

15,613 

747,220 



614 

294 

1,437 

621 

1,118 

8,243 



2,231 
1,536 

695 

6 

1,631 

221 
29 

333 
2,697 
1,095 

1,663 

2,873 

36,719 



343,379 
151,093 
347,329 
163,873 
1,318 



288,337 

143,501 

315,382 

83,437 

1,192 



13,322 
7,971 
15,426 
13,210 
513 



Ptr 
pound 



$0.19 
4.11 



.42 

.83 
.46 
.50 



.41 

1.19 
.18 
■ 05 
.05 
.06 
.05 



.16 
.43 



^ Calculated on rounded figures. 

^ Includes oil-soluble petroleum sulfonates which were formerly included with surface-active agents. 

^ Quantities are given on the basis of solid naphthenate, resinate, tallate, or linoleate content. 

* Statistics exclude production and sales of copper naphthenate. Statistics on copper naphthenate are 
given in the section "Pesticides and Other Organic Agricultural Chemicals." 

' In addition, production of natural acetic acid totaled 22,226 thousand pounds. 

'' Statistics on production of ethyl alcohol from natural sources by feimentation are issued by the Alcohol 
Tax Unit, U. S. Internal Revenue Service. 

' Data which were reported on the basis of 91 percent isopropyl alcohol have been converted to a 100-per- 
cent basis. 

* In addition, production of methanol from natural sources totaled 15,146 thousand poimds. 

' Statistics exclude production and sales of potassium oleate. Statistics on potassium oleate are given in 
the section "Surface-Active Agents." 

■'•° Statistics exclude production and sales of potassium and sodium stearate. Statistics on these stearates 
are given in the section "Surface-Active Agents." 

^^ Production of urea in primary solution totaled 844,846 thousand pounds. 



Production of halogenated hydrocarbons (a group consisting of 
chlorine, bromine, fluorine, and iodine derivatives of hydrocarbons) 
totaled 3,953 million pounds in 1956, compared with 3,494 million 
pounds in 1955. This subgroup includes such chemicals as ethyl 
chloride, ethylene dichloride, and monomeric vinyl chloride. 

The output of most of the acyclic miscellaneous chemicals that 
are produced in large volunae was higher in 1956 than in 1955. Pro- 
duction of synthetic methanol was 1, 592 million pounds in 1956, 
compared with 1, 344 million pounds in 1955; of formaldehyde, 
1, 398 million pounds, compared with 1, 259 million pounds; of 
synthetic ethyl alcohol, 1, 276 million pounds, compared with 1, 215 
million pounds; of isopropyl alcohol, 1,063 million pounds, com- 
pared with 925 million pounds; of ethylene oxide, 1, 043 million 
pounds, compared with 960 million pounds; of ethylene glycol, 1,021 
million pounds, compared with 888 million pounds; and of acetic 
anhydride, 910 million pounds, connpared with 842 million pounds. 



1 

I 



PART ni. ALPHABETICAL LIST OF INDIVIDUAL PRODUCTS, 
BY GROUPS, AND NAMES OF MANUFACTURERS 

This section of the report consists of (l) a series of tables that 
supplement the statistical information given in parts I and II, and 
(2) a Directory of Manufacturers. The tables with numbers that in- 
clude the letter "B" supplement the tables in part I or part II with 
numbers that include the letter "A"; for example, table 8B in part 
III supplements table 8A in part II. 

Each table in part III lists alphabetically the individual items in 
each group for which data on production or sales were reported for 
1956. Where an asterisk (*) precedes the name of an item in the 
tables in part III, separate statistics for the item are given in the 
tables in part I or part II. The manufacturers of each product are 
indicated by identification numbers, which are listed in the Direc- 
tory of Manufacturers (table 27). A few companies, however, have 
specifically requested the Tariff Commission to withhold such in- 
formation on certain items. These manufacturers are indicated by 
the letter "X" in the tables. 

Tar Crudes 



T^BLE W. --Organic chemicals: Tar crudes 



for which United States product i 
by manufacturer , 2956 



reported, identified 



[Tar crudes for which separate statistics are given in table 4A are marked below with an asterisk (»); 
products not so marked do not appear in table ^A because the reported data are accepted in confidence and 
may not be published. Manufacturers' identification niimbers shown below are taken from table 27. Table 27 
identifies all United States producers of tar crudes (except producers who report to the Division of 
Bituminous Coal, U. S. Bureau of Mines)] 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27)^ 



«Crude light oil 

Light-oil distillates: 

»Benzene, specification and industrial grades: 

1° 

2° 

90<t 

All other 

♦Toluene: 

Nitration grade, 1° 

Piife commercial grade, 2° 

»}!ylene : 

3° 

Commercial 

♦Solvent naphtha 

»A11 other light-oil distillates 

Pyridine : 

Crude bases 

Semi" refined or denaturing grade 

♦Naphthalene, crude, solidifying at — 

Less than 7A° C 

74° C. to less than 76° C 

76° C. to less than 79° C 

♦Crude tar-acid oils, having a tar-aoid content of 

5'f, to less than 2'i% 

2^% to 50<f, — - 

♦Cresylic acid, crude 

♦Creosote oil (Dead oil): 

♦Distillate as such 

♦Creosote in coal-tar solution 

♦All other distillate products 

♦Tar, road 



15-;, 305, 372. 



537, 558. 

367, 558. 

558. 

259, 305, 505, 535. 

535, 537, 558. 

259, 305, 367, 505, 558. 

367, 537. 

259, 505, 535, 537, 558. 

152, 256, 259, 305, 367, 505, 512, 513, 537, 

558. 

152, 367, 558. 

367, 558. 

367, 558. 

131, 152, 382, 512, 513. 

152, 233, 256, 367, 512, 513. 

233, 259, 367, 372, 512, 537, 558, 609. 

233, 393, 512, 537, 558. 

256, 367, 512, 513, 558. 

367, 512, 513, 558, 609. 

131, 15i, 172, 233, 367, 372, 382, 393, 512, 

513, 537, 5^, 558, 562, 572. 

233, 367, 372, 512, 558. 

152, 256, 259, 367, 393, 5*58, 572. 

230, 233, 259, 367, 393, 512, 513, 544, 558. 



See footnote at end of table. 



59 



60 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 4B.- -Or^a 



chemicals: Tar 



rudes for which United States product ion or 
by manufacturer , J956- -Continued 



ere reported, identified 



Product 


Manufacturers' identification numbers 

(according to list in table 27)^ 


»Tar for other uses: 






131, 233, 367, 372, 393, 512, 513, 558, 562, 
572. 

512, 513, 558. 

131, 154, 172, 233, 367, 372, 382, 512, 513, 
544, 558, 562, 572. 

367, 382, 512, 513, 558. 
259, 367, 382, 512, .513, 558. 
233, 367, 512, 513, 544. 


Pitch of tar: 




»Hard: Water softening point -- 




»Pltch of tar coke and pitch emulsion 



■'■ Does not include manufacturers ' identification numbers for producers who report to the Division of 
Bituminous Coal, U. S. Bureau of Mines. These producers are listed in the U. S. Bureau of Mines Information 
Circular "Oven Coke Plants in the United States as of December 31, 1956" (in press). 

Crude Products From Petroleum and Natural Gas 
for Chemical Conversion 



TABLE SB. 'Synthetic organic chemicals: Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion 
for which United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1956 

[Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which separate statistics are 
given in table 5A are marked below with an asterisk ( •) ; products not so marked do not appear in table 5A 
because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' identifica- 
tion numbers shown below are taken from table 27. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent 
to the publication of his identification number with the designated product] 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



ARCMATICS AND NAPHTHENES 

»Alkyl aromatics, distillates, and solvents' 

•Benzene (except motor grade): 

»Benzene, 1° 

•Benzene, 2' 

•Cresyllc acid, crude 

Cyclopentadiene 

•Naphthenic acids: 

Acid number less than 150 

•Acid number 150-199 

Acid number 200-224 

•Acid number 225-249 

Acid number 250 and over 

Sodium carbolate and phenate, crude 

•Toluene : 

•Nitration grade, 1° 

•Pure commercial grade, 2° 

Solvent grade 

All other 

•Xylenes, mixed: 

•Aviation grade 

•Nitration grades, 3° and 5° 

•All other 

All other aromatics and naphthenes 

ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS 

Ci hydrocarbon: Methane 

•Cj hydrocarbons: 

Acetylene 

•Ethane-- 

•Ethylene 

•C3 hydrocarbons : 

•Propane 

•Propane -propylene mixture 

•Propylene 



146, 211, 
565, X. 

134, 146, 
214, 251, 

552. 
263, 278, 
481. 

408, 419. 
211, 395, 
338, 395, 
211, 311, 
211. 
338. 

134, 146, 
221, 251, 
529. 
304, 479, 

134, 146, 
373, 419, 
134, 214, 
211, 284, 



214, 252, 284, 338, 405, 434, 550, 



325 419, 481. 

252, 284, 304, 331, 446, 479, 529, 



331, 528, 609. 



419, 552. 

552. 

331, 338, 395, 552. 



331, 373, 419, 446. 

252, 331, 419, 434, 479, 4S1, 528. 

552. 

251, 479, 528, 552. 

479. 

331, 419, 434, 479, 552. 

405, 465, 481, 516. 



186, 258, 269, 516. 

221, 481, 537. 

186, 211, 258, 269, 284, 408, 508, 516, 529. 
186, 221, 252, 269, 284, 338, 367, 405, 408, 
444, 480, 481, 508, 529, X. 

186, 211, 214, 227, 251, 258, 269, 302, 331, 
341, 373, 508, 516, 528, 529, 550. 

338, 408, X. 

141, 252, 263, 269, 284, 331, 373, 444, 481, 
508, 516, 529, 603, X. 



\ 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



61 



TABLE SB. --Synthetic organic chemic 
for which United States product ic 



Crude products (rom petroleum and natural das for chemical conversi 
sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , J956- -Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS— Continued 

*C^ hydrocarbons: 

*1,3-Butadiene, grade for rubbers (elastomers) 

»Butadiene and butylene fractions 

Butane-butylene 

»n-Butane 

1-Butene 

2-Butene 

»1-Butene and 2-butene mixture 

Butylene concentrate 

»Isobutane 

»Isobutylene 

All other 

*C5 hydrocai'bons: 

Isopentane 

Isoprene 

n-Pentane 

1-Pentene, 2-pentene, and mixtures 

C6 hydrocarbons: 

Diisopropyl (2,3-Dimethylbutane) 

Hexane 

Isohexane 

Neohexane 

All other 

C7 hydrocarbons: 

n-Heptane 

Heptenes 

Isoheptane and isoheptene 

All other 

Cg hydrocarbons: 

Dlisobutylene 

n-Ootane 

All other 

Hydrocarbons, Cg and above ; 

»l-Dodecene (Tetrapropylene) 

Eicosane 

»Nonene (Tripropylene) 

Polybutene 

Triisobutylene 

All other 

»Hydrooarbon derivatives : 

tert-Butyl mercaptan 

Di-tert-butyl disulfide 

Isopropyl mercaptan 

Methyl mercaptan 

tert-Octyl mercaptan 

All other 



129, 13A, Ul, 200, 252, 28A, 341, 342, 426, 

434, 465, 481, 529, 552. 

134, 252, 373, 405, 552, 603. 
251. 

134, 141, 186, 227, 251, 258, 331, 341, 516, 

528, 550, 552. 

134, 516. 
516. 

214, 269, 284, 331, 338, 341, 408, 465, 528. 
516. 

134, 186, 251, 258, 269, 331, 341, 516, 550. 

134, 269, 284, 311, 341, 373. 

186, 434, 508, 529. 



227, 


251, 


269, 


516. 


284. 








227, 


516. 






1?':., 


227, 


341, 


408, 516, 550, 585. 


516. 








227, 


434, 


516. 




516. 








516. 








516. 








227, 


434, 


44^, 


516. 


214, 


227, 


338. 




516. 








284, 


516. 






278, 


341, 


481. 




227, 


434, 


516. 




516. 









214, 251, 284, 302, 331, 373, 405, 419, 434, 

552. 
278. 

214, 278, 284, 405, 408, 419, 434. 
146, 552. 
278. 
405, 444, 516, 518, 528. 

516. 

516. 

552. 

214, 263, 552. 

516. 

278, AAA, 516, 552, 585. 



62 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Cyclic Intermediates 



TABLE 7B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1956 

[ Cyclic intermediates for which Eeparate statistics are given in table 7A are marked below with an asterisk 
(»); cyclic intermediates not so marked do not appear in table 7A because the reported data are accepted 
in confidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from 
table 27. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification 
number with the designated product. (Part C in the appendix lists alphabetically all the important common 
names of cyclic Intermediates usually encountered in the trade and gives the corresponding standard 
(Chemical Abstracts) name under which the manufacturers' identification numbers are given in this table)] 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' Identification nimibers 
(according to list in table 27) 



Acenaphthene 

8-Acetamido-5-amino-2-naphthalenesulfonlc acid 

6(and 7)-(2'-Acetamido-4'-aminDphenylazo)- 
1-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

2-Acetamido-3-chloroanthraqulnone 

l-Acetamldo-2-methoxynaphthalene 

8-Acetnmi" do-2-nBphthalenesulf odIc acid, magnesium 
salt. 

p-Acetamldophenol 

5-Acetamldosallcyllc acid 

»Acetanillde, tech. and U.S.P 

o-Acetanlsldide 

Acetoacetanlllde 

o-Acetoacetotoluldlde 

Acetophenone 

p-Acetotoluldlde 

21-Acetoxy-^-bromo-17-hydroxy-3,ll,20-trlketo- 
pregnane. 

21-Aoetoxy-17-hydroxy-3,ll,20-trlketopregnane 

N-Acetylanthranilic acid 

Acetylphenyl benzoate 

Acetylsulfadiazlne 

Acetyls ulfamerazine 

Acetylsulfamethazine 

Acetylsulfamethylthiadlazole 

N-Acetylsulfanilic acid 

N-Acetylsulfanllyl chloride 

Acridine 

Acridine yellow 

Alkylbenzene (high ncleoular weight) 

3'-Amlnoacetanilide 

»4'-Amlnoacetanlllde (Acetyl-p-phenylenediamine) 

<i-AminD-o-aoetanlsldide 

3'-Amlnoacetophenone 

*5-Amino-2-(p-amlnDanllino)benzenesulfonic acid 
('4,'4'-Dlaminodlphenylamlne-2-sulfonlc acid) . 
<i-Amlno-'4-(p-amlnobenzamldo) -2,2' -stllbenedisulfonlc 

acid. 
l-Amlno-4-(A'' -amlno-3 ' -sulf oani lino) -2-anthra- 
quinonesulfonlo acid. 

5-Amlno-2-anlHnobenzenesulfonlc acid 

2-AminD-"i-(<i-anilino-6-chloro-s-trlazln- 
2 -ylsmi no ) benzenesulf onlc acid. 

*2-(p-Amlnoanllino)-5-nltrobenzenes\ilfonic acid 

3-Amino-p-anisanlllde 

5-Amino-2-(o-anlsidino) benzenesulf onlc acid 

■**l-Aminoanthraqulnone and salt 

*2-AminoanthraquinDne atvI salt 

l-Amino-2-anthraqulnonecarboxyllc acid 

l-Aiiiino-2-anthraquinonesulfonlo acid 

5(and 8)-Amlno-l-anthraqulnonesulfonlo acid 

N-(4-Amino-l-anthraqulnDnyl)aathranillc acid 

N-(5-AmlnD-l-anthraquinDnyl)anthranillc acid 

N-(8-Amlno-l-anthraquinDnyl)anthranillc acid 

■i-Aminoantlpyrine 

'i-Amino-3, -4' -azodi[ benzenesulf onic acid] 

*6-Amlno-3,'i'-azodi[benzenesulfonic acid] 

8-AminDbenz[a]acridin-7(12H)-one 

*l-Amlno-4-benzamldoanthraqulnone 

1 -Ami no-5-benzfflnidoanthraqul none 

6-{ p-(p-Aminobenzamido)benzamldo] -l-naphthol-3- 

sulfonlc acid. 
5-(m-Aminobenzamldo) -l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid 

*6-(p-Amlnobenzamido) -l-naphthol-3-sulfonlc acid 

»2-Amlno-p-benzenedisulfonlc acid [S03H=1] 

2-Amlnobenzene thiol 

5-AmlnD-2(3H) -benzlmldazolone 

p-Aminobenzoic acid, dlethylaminoethyl ester 

p-Amlnobenzoic acid, ethyl ester (Benzocaine, 
nonmedicinal grade) . 

»p-AminDbenzolc acid, tech 

5-AmiED-8-bromo-l,6-anthraqulnonedisulfonic acid 

*l-Amlno-4-bramo-2-anthraiiulnonesulfonlc acid 



512. 
253. 
577. 

510. 
510, 
253. 

221. 

221, 252, 443, 485. 

506. 

157, 529. 

157, 529. 

558. 

485, 537. 

X. 



253. 
492. 
537. 
537. 
537. 
537. 
604. 
221, 
512. 
506. 
278. 
577. 
253, 
510. 
492. 
253, 



537, 560. 



429, 443, 500, 506, 510, 577, 604. 
288, 329, 401, 506, 510, 577, 604. 



510. 



457, 506, 510, 537, 577, 604, 605. 
506, 510, 537, 577. 



253, 506, 510, 577. 
577. 

288, 401, 506, 577. 

371. 

577. 

253, 

253, 

253. 

510. 

577. 

510. 

253. 

253, 

348. 

401. 

288, 506, 510, 577, 604. 

506. 

253, 

253, 

253. 



506, 510, 537, 605. 
457, 506, 510, 577. 



401, 506, 577, 604. 

253, 288, 401, 506, 510, 604. 

253, 401, 506, 510, 577. 

537. 

253. 

348. 

348, 

253, 506, 510. 

577. 

253, 506, 510. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



63 



TABLE 7B.--Syntheti 



organic chemicah 
were reported. 



: Cyclic intermediates for which United State 
identified by manufacturer , i956- -Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



2-Amlno-l-bromo-3-cliloroanthraqulnone 

l-Amlno-2-bromo-'4-bydroxyanthraiiuinone 

l-AminD-<i-bromo-2-methylanthraqulnDne 

l-AiiiinD-2-bromo-"i-(p-toluidino)anthraqulnone 

l-AnlnD-2-chloroanthraqulnone 

»1 -Ami no-5-cliloroanthraqul none 

l-AminD-5(aiid 8) -chloroanthraqulnone 

l-AminD-8-chloroanthraqulnone 

2-Amino-l-cliloroantliraqulnone 

«2-AmlnD-3-ohloroanthraquinone 

l-Amlno-N-C3-chloro-2-anthraquinonyl)- 
2 -anthraqulnonecarboxamlde . 

3-Amlno-6-olilorobenzolo acid 

2-AminD-6-clilorobenzothlazole hydrochloride 

2-Amino-5-chlorobenzoxazole 

o-(3-Amlno-'4-chlorobenzoyl) benzoic acid 

2-Amlno-5-chloro-A-ethylbenzenesulfonic acid 

l-Amlno-5-chloro-4-hydroxyanthraquinone 

2-AmlnD-5-chloro-4-lsopropylbenzenesull'onic acid 

2-AminD-'4-chloro-5-m.trophenol 

2-Ainino-6-ohloro-'4-nltrophenol 

»2 -Amino -'i-chlorophenol 

2-Amino-'4-chloro-l-phenol-6-sulfonic acid 

2-Amino-4-chlorophenylbenzyl ether 

«2-Amin£)-5-chloro-p-tolueneEUlfonic acid [S03H=l] 

6-Amlno-<4-chloro-m-toluenesulfonlc acid [ S03H=1] 

3-Amino-'4-chloro-a,a,a-trifluorotoluene 

»l-AminD-2,'i-dibromoanthraqulnone 

<l'-Amlno-2',5'-diethoxybenzffnilide 

5-Amino-2-{ 2,3-dihydro-2-oxo-5-benzimidazolyl) - 
benzenesulfonic acid. 

2-AminD-<4,6-dimethylpyrlmidine 

3-Amino-N,N-dimethyl-p-toluenesulfonnTTn"de 

2-AminD-3,5-dinitro-N-ethylbenzenesulfonamide 

2-Amino-N-ethylbenzenesulf onani lide 

3-AmlnD-9-ethylcarbazole( sodium hydrosulfate) 

p-Amino-N-ethyl-N-1-naphthylbenzamlde 

5-AminD-8-(p-hydToxyanilino)-2-naphthaleneEulfonic 

acid. 
5(and 8) -Amino -8 (and 5)-(p-hydroxyanllino)-2- 
naphthalenesulfonlc acid. 

l-Amlno-4-hydroxyanthraquinone 

3-Amino-2-hydroxyanthraqulnDne 

3-Amino-6-hydroxy-2-methylphenazinfi (Tolazine 
base) . 

5-Aminoisophthalio acid, dimethyl ester 

2-Amlno-N-iEopropyl-l-phenol-4-sulfonamide 

l-Amino-A-methoxyanthraquinone 

5-Amino-6-methoxy-2-naphthn1 enesulf onlc acid 

m-(4-Aminamethoxyphenylazo) benzenesulfonic acid 

2-AminD-5-methoxy-p-tolueneEulfonamlde 

l-AminD-2-methoxy-'i-(p-toluenesulfonamldo)- 

anthraquinone . 
7-(4-Amino-5-methoxy-o-tolylazo)-l,3- 

naphthalenedisulfonlc acid. 
8 - ( "* -Amino - 5 -methoxy-o -tolylazo ) - 1 -naphthol - 3 , 6 - 
disulfonic acid, benzenesulf onate . 

A'-Amlno-N-methylacetanllide 

l-Amino-2-methylaiithraquinone 

i'-Amlno-6'-methyl-m-benzanlsidlde 

2-Amino-5-(6-methyl-2-benzothlazolyl)benzene- 
sulfonlc acid. 

2-Amino-4-methyldiazine 

'i-Amlno-<i'-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolln-l-yl)- 

stilbenesulfonic acid. 
3-AminD-5- ( 3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl ) - 
p-toluenesulfonlc acid. 

8-Amino-7-methyl-2-phenazinol 

2-Amino-N-methyl-l-phenol~t-sulfonnnrlde 

2-Amlno-5-methyl-l,3,<i-thladiazole 

l-AminD-2-methyl-'i-(p-toluidlno)anthraxiulnone 

l-Amlnonaphth[2,3-c] acridane-5,8,l';(13H) -trlone 

4-Amlnonaphth[2,3-c] acri.dane-5, 8, 1-^(1311) -trlone 

2-AmlnD-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

2 -Amino -1,5 (and 1,8) -naphthalenedisulf onlc acid 

»3-Amlno-l,5-naphthalenedlsiilfonlc acid (Cassella 
acid). 

3-Amino-2,7-naphthalenedlsulfonlc acid 

4-ATin" nn-1 , 5-naphthalenedisulf onlc acid 

A-Amino-l,6-naphthalenedisulfonlc acid-- 

'i-Amino-l,7-naphthalenedlsulfonlo acid 

<»6-Anlno-l,3-naphthalenedlBulfonio acid (Amino I 
acid) . 



510. 

457, 506, 537, 577, 605. 

537. 

506. 

457, 510. 

510, 577. 



440, 506, 510, 577. 
288, 577. 



460, 485, 537. 
485, 510. 



457, 506, 510. 



510. 
510. 
577. 



577. 
577. 



510. 
457. 



506, 510, 577. 



577. 
506. 



61, 253, 401, 506, 510, 577. 



64 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE TB. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States product i 
were reported , identified by manufacturer , 1956--Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list In table 27) 



7-Amino-l,3-naphthRl enedisulf onie acid (Amino G 
acid). 

8-Amiiio-l,6-naphthalenedisulfonlc acid 

l-Amlno-2-naphtlialenesulfonic acid (o-Naphthionlo 
acid) . 

»2-Amino-l-naphthalenfiSulfonic acid (Tobias acid) 

"♦(and 5) -Amino-l-naphthnl enesulfonic acid 

»5-Amino-l-naphtbn1 enesulf onic acid (Laurent's acid)- 
»5-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (1,6-Cleve'6 

acid). 
»5(and 8) -Amino-2-naphthnT enesulfonic acid (Cleve's 
acid, mixed) . 

6-AminD-l-naphthalenesulfonlc acid 

*6-Amlno-2-naphtha1 enesulfonic acid (Broenner's 
acid) . 

6(and 7)-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

■K6-AminD-l-naphthaleneEUlfonic acid (Peri acid) 

8-Amino-l-naphtha1 enesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

«8-Amino-2-naphthRl enesulfonic acid {1,7-Cleve's 
acid). 

7-Amino-l,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid 

»8-Amino-l,3,6-naphthalenetriEUlfonlc acid (Koch's 

acid) . 
4-Amino-l ,3 , 5-naphtba1.enetri sulfonic acld-'V,5- 
sultam, trisodlum salt. 

S-Amino-l-naphtboic acid 

5-Amino-l-naphthol 

7-Amino-2-naphthol 

»8-Amlno-2-naphthol 

7-AminD-l-naphthol-3,6-dlsulfonic acid (2R acid), 

monosodlum salt. 
8-Ainino-l-naphthol-3,6-dlsulfonic acid, 
benzenesulf onate . 
»8-AminD-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonlc acid (H acid), 

monosodium salt. 
»8-Amino-l-naphthol-5,7-disulfonlc acid (Chicago 
acid) , monosodium salt. 

»l-Amlno-2-naphthDl-'i-sulfonic acid (1,2,'i-Acid) 

»6-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonlc acid (J acid), 

sodium salt. 
»7-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulf onic acid (Gamma sicid) , 
sodium salt. 
8-Amino-l-naphthol-5-sulfonic acid (S acid) , 
sodium salt. 

5-AminD-2-(p-nltroanilino) benzenesulf onic acid 

»2-Amino-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid [SOjHil] 

*2 -Amino -<4-nitrophenDl 

2-AmlnD-5-nitrophenol 

6-Amino-<4-nitro-l-phenol-2-sulfonic acid 

'i-AminD~4'-nitro-2,2'-stllbenedlsuli'onic acid 

3 ' -Aminooxanllic acid 

*^ ' -Ami nnoxnni lie acid 

p-Amlnophenethyl alcohol 

( 2 '-Amlnophenethylthlo) acetic acid, sodium salt 

m-Amlnophenol 

o-Andnophenol 

p-Aminophenol ani salts 

6-Amlno-l-phenol-2,4-disulfonic acid 

«2-Amlno-l-phenol-'4-sulfonamlde 

6-AminD-l-phenol-3-sulfonamlde 

2-Amlno-l -phenol -<l-sulfonanilide 

«2-Amino-l-phenol-'4-sulfonlc acid 

m-(p-Aminophenylazo) benzenesulf onic acid 

»p-(p-Aminophenylazo) benzenesulf onic acid 

5(aiid 8) -Amino -8 (and 5) -phenylazo-2- 
naphthalenesulfonlc acid, 

5- (p-Aminophenylazo) salicylic acid 

4-AminD-ci -phenyl -m-cresol hydrochloride 

2-(p-Aminophenyl)-6-methylbenzothiazole 

2-(p-Aminophenyl) -6-methyl-7-benzothlazoleEulfonic 
acid and salt. 
»l-(m-Aminophenyl)-5-oxo-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic 
acid. 

2-Amlnopyrldine 

i-AminDpyrldine 

2-Aminopyr1 ml dine 

S-Ainlnosallcyllc acid 

2-AmlnD-5-(p-sulfophcnylazo) benzenesulf onic acid 

2-('>-Amino-3-sulfophenyl)-6-methyl-5-benzothlazole- 

sulfonic acid. 
2-["i-('i-AminD-2-sulfostyryl) -3 -sulf ophenyl] -2H- 

naphtho[l,2]triazole-5-sulfonic acid. 
2-AminDthiazole 



253, 


506, 


510, 


537, 


577 


510, 


577. 








253. 










ICK, 


485, 


537, 


577, 


X. 


537, 


577. 








253, 


506, 


510, 


577. 




253, 


506, 


510, 


577. 




253, 


506, 


510, 


577. 




-iOl. 










448, 


485, 


502, 


506, 


577 


577. 










253, 


506, 


510, 


577. 




253. 










253, 


506, 


510, 


577. 




253. 










253, 


506, 


510. 







510. 
506, 
577. 
253, 
253, 



221, 
253, 

253, 

61, 

253, 

506, 

604. 

253, 

253, 

401. 

288, 

510, 

401, 

253, 

443. 

253. 

61, 

213. 

213, 

577. 

253, 

577. 

577. 

253, 

577. 

253, 

577. 

577. 
477. 
253, 
253, 



510, 577. 
506. 



253, 506, 510. 
506, 577. 



401, 506, 510, 537, 577. 
191, 253, 288, 401, 453, 510, 537, 577. 



506, 510, 577. 
577. 



506, 537, 577. 
288, 506, 510, 577. 

577. 
577. 
577. 
401, 510. 



510. 

253, 403. 

506, 510, 577. 

267, 447, 506, 510, 577, 604. 

288, 401, 506, 510, 537, 577. 



506. 
577. 



401, 492, 577. 
512. 



577, 604. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 

TABLE 7B, •'Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United State 
were reported , identified by manufacturer , i956- -Continued 



65 



production or sales 



Manufacturers' Identlfloation numbers 
(according to list In table 27) 



I 



l-Anlno-^-(p-toluene6Ulfonaiiildo)-2-anthraquinone- 
sulfonlc acid. 

»4-Amlno-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l] 

4.-Ajnino-o-toluenesulfonlc acid [S03H=l] 

5-AiiiinD-o-toluenesuli"onic acid [s03H=l] 

6-Amino-m-toluenesulfonlc acid [S03H=l] 

5-Aiiiino-2-Cp-toluldino)benzenesulfonic acid 

7-(4-Amlno-o-tolylazo) -l,5-naphth«1 enedisulfonie 
acid. 

*4-(i-Aiiiino-m-tolylazo) -m-toluenesulTonlc acid 

N-(4-Amino-m-tolyl) -p-benzoqulnone imine 

3-Aniino-l,2,4--triazole 

2-AiiiinD-3,'4,6-trichlorophenol 

16-Aiiiinoviolanthrone 

«2-Ami nn-3 , 5-xylenesulf onic acid [SOsH^l] 

Anylnaphthalenes 

o-Anylphenol 

p-tert-Amylphenol 

■"Aniline (Aniline oil) 

Aniline salt 

l-Anllino-2-anthraquinonecarboxylio acid 

2-AniUnoethanol ( Phenyletbsnnlamine ) 

5-(p-[4-Anilino-6-(8-hydroxy-3,6-disulfo-l- 
naphthylamino) -s -triazin-2-ylaiii1 no] phenylazo) - 
salicylic acid. 

»Anllinomethanesulfonic acid and salt 

«6-Anilino-l-naphthalenesulfonio acid (Phenyl perl 
acid) . 

»6-Anllino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (Phenyl J 
acid) . 

♦V-Anilino-l-naphthol-S-sulfonic acid (Phenyl 
gamma acid) . 

2-Anilino-5-nitrobenzenesuli'onlc aold 

Anisic acid 

«o-Anieldine 

p-Anlsldine 

o-Anisldlne nitrate 

«3-Anlsidinomethanesulfonic acid (o-Methoxyanllino- 
methanesulfonio aold), and sodium salt. 

5-(p-Anlsidlno) -l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid 

2-(o-AnisldlnD)-5-nltrobenzenesulfonic acid 

(2-(o-Methoxyanllino)-5-nltrobenzenesulfonic acid] 

Anlsole, tech 

Anthracene, refined 

Anthraflavic acid (2,6-Diliydroxyanthraquinone) 

•fAnthranillo acid (o-Amlnobenzolc acid) 

»Anthra{l,9] pyrazol-5(2H)-one (Pyrazoleanthrone) 

AnthraqijliiDne , IOO56 

2-AnthraqulnDnecarboxyllc aold 

N,N'-(l,5-AnthraquliiDne)dioxamlo aold 

»1,5-An.1<hraquinonedlsulfonlo acid 

1,5-AnAhraqulnonedisulfonic acid, disodlum salt 

l,5(ai)d 1,8) -Anthraqulnonedlsulf onic acid and salt-- 
1,8-Aiithraqulnonedisulfonic acid, potassium salt 

»2,6-Anthraquiiioiiedisulfonlc acid and salt 

»l-Anthraqulnonesulfonic aold and salt 

2-Anthra<iuiiionesulfonlc acid and salt (Silver 
salt). 

»3 - ( 1 -AnthraquinDnylaminD ) -7H-benz [de] airthraoen-7- 
one. 

N,N'-(l,5-Anthraquinonylene)diaiithranillc acid 

1,1'- [1,5 (and l,8)-AnthraqulnonylenediiminD]- 

blB[naphth[2,3-c] aoridane-5,8,l'i-trione]. 
l-(l-Anthra(iuinDnyl) -1,2-hydrazlnedieulfonlc acid, 
disodlum salt. 

■xAnthrarufln (1,5-Diliydroxyanthraquliione) 

Arsanillc acid and salt, tech 

Arylsilanes 

4 ',<4"'-A2obls['C-biphenylcarboxylic aoid] 

l,l'-[Azobis(p-phenyleneoarbor.yl)]bis[2-(l-nltro- 

2-anthraquinonecarbonyl )hydrazine ] . 
2,2'-(Azo-p-phenylene)bis [5-(l-nitro-2-anthra- 

/ quinonyl)-l,3,'i-oxadiazole]. 

Azoxybenzene 

3,3 '-Azoxydianiline 

»Benzaldehyde , tech 

Benzamide 

4-(4-Benza]iiido-l-anthra<iulnonylainino) - 
naphth[ 2 , 3-c] acridane-5 ,8 , l^-trione . 
l-Benzajnldo-A-bromoanthraqulnone 

*l-Benzamido-A-chloroanthraqulnone 

»l-Benzamldo-5-ohloroanthraquinone 



510. 

253, A35, i-92, 502, 506, 510, 537, 577. 

-iOl, 485. 

510. 

253. 

253. 

577. 



401, 506. 



577. 
352, 492, 506, 510. 



252, 253, 455, 506, 537. 

537. 

506. 



253, 288, 401, 506, 537, 577. 
253, 288, 506, 510, 577. 



253, 288, 401, 447, 453, 506, 510, 577, 604. 
253, 288, 510, 577, 604. 



504. 












221, 


253, 


604. 








221, 


253, 


506. 








401, 


510. 










253, 


288, 


401, 


506, 


577. 




604. 












577. 












253, 


365. 










512. 












510. 












252, 


253, 


267, 


385, 


506. 




253, 


506, 


510. 








253, 


510, 


537. 








537. 












510, 


577. 










253, 


-^57, 


510, 


537, 


577. 




253. 












253, 


577. 










457, 


510, 


577. 








253, 


457, 


506, 


510, 


537, 


577, 604. 


253, 


«7, 


506, 


510, 


537, 


577, 604, 605 


253, 


506, 


604. 








510, 


537, 


577, 


605. 






253, 


577. 










253. 












253. 












253, 


288, 


506, 


510, 


537, 


577. 


456. 












484. 












253. 












253. 












253. 












267. 












401, 


510. 










266, 


303, 


504. 








457, 


477. 










253. 













604. 

253, 510, 577, 605. 

253, 457, 506, 510, 537, 577. 



66 

TABLE 7B. --Syntheti 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

'ganic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United State 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1956 --Continued 



product i 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



l-Benzamldo-5-chloro-'i-methoxyanthraQUlnone 

2- [S-C-i-Benzamido-a , 5-dletho3typbei'yl) -l-'oethyl- 

trlazen-3-yl] ethanesulfonio acid. 
2-{ 3-(A-Benzamldo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl) -1-methyl- 

triazen-3-yl] ethanesulfonie acid. 
[ 3- (■4-Benzaniido-6-methoxy-in-tolyl) -l-metSyltriazen- 
3-yl]acetic acid. 

A-Benzamido-S-methyl-o-anisidlne 

6-Benzanildo-l-naphthol-3-sulfonlc acid (Benzoyl 

J acid). 
Benzanilide 

»7H-benz [de] aiithracen-7-one ( Benzanthrone ) 

m-Benzenedlsulfonic acid and sodium salt 

Benzenephosphonic acid 

Benzenephosphonic acid, dioctyl ester 

Benzenesulfonamlde 

Benzenesulfonic acid 

Benzene sulfonic acid, propyl ester 

Benzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Benzenesulfonyl chloride 

Benzhydrol (Diphenylmethanol) 

Benzidine base 

^Benzidine hydrochloride and sulfate 

Benzil (Bibenzoyl) 

»Benzllic acid 

2-Benzoazolinone 

2-Benzofuranacetonitrile 

•Benzoic acid, teoh 

Benzoin 

Benzonitrile 

2-Benzooxazolinone-6-sulfonamide 

2-Benzooxazolinone-6-sulfonylchloride 

Benzotriazole , tech 

Benzoylacetic acid, ethyl ester 

Benzoylacrylic acid 

«o-Benzoylbenzoic acid 

10-Benzoyl-3,7-bis[dimethylaminolphenothiazlne 

Benzoyl chloride 

2-Benzoyl-4--sulfobenzoic acid ('i-Sulfo-o-benzoyl- 
benzoic acid) (Sulfo BB acid). 

2-Benzoyl-'i'-(p-toluenesulfonamido)acetanllide 

Benzyl alcohol, tech 

Benzylamine 

o-Benzyl-p-chlorophenol 

Benzyl disulfide 

»Benzyl ether (Dibenzyl ether) 

'i-(N-Benzyl-N-ethylaminD) -o-toluenesulfonic acid 

N-Benzyl-N-ethyl-m-toluldine 

•4,4' -Benzylidinebis[N,N-diethylaniline] 

'i,4.'-Benzylidinebis[N,N-dimethylanlline] 

4-Benzylidineiminoantipyrlne 

Benzyl polysulfide 

2-Benzylpyridine 

4-Benzylpyridine 

4'-<i"'-Biacetoacetanilide 

3,3'-Bianthra[l,9]pyrazole-6,6'(2H,2'H) -dione and 

potassium salt. 
[3,3' -Bi-7H-benz[de]anthracen]-7,7'-dione 

*[A^,A' -Bi-7H-benz[de]anthracen]-7,7'-dione 

endo-cis-Bicyclo[2,2,l] -5-heptene-2,3-dicarboxyllc 
anhydride. 

[ l,l'-Binaphth£ilene] -8,8'-dioarboxylic acid 

l,l'-Bi-2-napthol 

Biphenyl 

4-Biphenylcarboxylic acid 

Bis [p-aminophenyl] sulfonic acid 

»l,'i-Bls [l-anthraquinDnylamlno] anthraquinone 

1,5-Bis [l-anthraqulnonylamlno] anthraquinone 

»3 ,9-Bis [l-anthraquinonylamino] -7H-benz [de] anthraoen- 
7 -one. 

Bis[l-anthraquinonylamlno] vlolanthrene 

N,N'-Bis [l-chloro-2-anthraquinonyl]-4 ','4"'-azobis- 
[4-biphenylcarboxamide] . 

1, 1-Blsl 2, <V-diamlno-m-tolyl] ethane 

•4,4' -Bis [diethylami no] benzhydrol 

4,4 -Bis[dietl^laminD]benzophenone (Ethyl ketone 

base) . 
4-[ Bis (p-diethylamlnophenyl )methyl] -2 ,7-naphtha- 

lenedisulfonlc acid. 
2,7-BiE[dimethylamino]acridine hydrochloride 

»4,4'-Bis[ dimethylamlno]benzhydrol (Michler 's 
hydrol) . 



510. 
510. 



492, 510. 

401. 
288. 

253. 

253, 288, 457, 506, 510, 537, 577, 604, 605. 

367. 

378. 

378. 

206, 385. 

237. 

206. 

237. 

206, 510, 577. 

353. 

253, 

253, 

205, 

205, 

577. 

477. 

221, 

266, 

303, 

577. 

577. 

218, 385, 492, 581, 604. 

157. 

506. 

253, 

577. 

303, 

253. 



403, 506. 

267, 364, 453, 506, 577. 

504. 

266, 504. 



266, 303, 468, 504. 

504. 

566. 



506, 510, 537. 
468. 



477. 

266. 

365, 375, 455. 

221. 

248, 364. 

266, 303, 353. 

506. 

253, 506. 

355, 510. 

355, 510. 

348. 

468. 

512. 

512. 

401. 

253, 506. 

253, 506. 

253, 457, 510, 577, 605. 

506. 



510. 
252. 



506, 510, 537, 577, 605. 

506. 

506, 510, 537, 577, 605. 



253, 
566. 
221, 
253. 
253. 
457, 
253, 
457, 

510. 
510. 



401. 
577. 
253, 355, 492. 



401. 

253, 355, 492, 577. 



TABLE 73. --Synthetic nriani 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, I956 

chemicals: Cycli c intermerliates for which Uniterl .'^t,ites proriiicti 
reporteri, identifier! by iranufacturer , J9')(?- -Continued 



67 



<fci^ii'-Bis[dimethylamino]benzophenone (Miohler's 

ketone ) . 

3,7-Bis[dimethylamino] phenazathionium chloride 

3,3'-Bls[p-diinethylaniinophenyl] -6-dijnethylaiiu.no- 

phthallde. 

Bls[p-dimethylajninophenyl]methanesulfonic acid 

1,5-Bis [2,'i-dinitrophenDxy] -AjS-dinitro- 

anthraquinone . 

m-Bis[ 2, 3-epoxypropoxy] benzene 

2,6-Bis[2'-hydroxy-3'-tert-butyl-5'-methylbenzyl]- 

-i-methylphenol. 
N-(,'i-[ Bis ( 2-hydroxyethyl) amino ] -2-raethyl- 

benzylidlne)nietanilic acid. 
l,2-Bis[l-nitro-2-anthraquinonyloarbonyl]hydrazine — 
2,5-Bis[l-nitro-2-anthraquinonyl] -1,3,4-oxadiazole — 

l,'i-Bis[ 2-triohloroethyl] benzene 

m-Bronioaoetylphenyl benzoate 

3-Bronio-p-anisic acid 

p-Bromoanisole 

»3-Brofflo-7H-benz[de] anthraoen-7 -one 

(Bromobenzanthrone) . 

Bromobenzene , mono 

Bromochlorobenzene 

3-Bromo-16,l'7-'liJiiethoxyviolanthrone 

l-Bromo-'«-{N-methylacetamido)anthraquinone 

l-Broino-<i-methylaminoanthraqulnone 

2-Bromo-3-me thy lanthraqul none 

6-Brcimo-3-methyl-7H-dibenz[f ,ij]isoquinoline- 
2,7(3H)-dione. 

l-Bromonaphthalene 

2-Bromo-4'-nitrcacetophenone 

l-(9-Bromo-7-oxo-7H-benz[de]anthraoen-3-ylamino)- 

anthraquinone . 

p-Bromophenol 

^-Brcmophthalio anhydride 

2-Bromopyridine 

o-Bromothianthrene 

o-(3-Bromo-p-toluyl) benzoic acid 

l-Bromo-2,'4,6-triethylbenzene 

2-tert-Butylanthraquinone 

n-Butylbenzene 

sec-Butylbenzene 

tert-Butylbenzene 

p-tert-Butylbenzoic acid 

o-(p-tert-Butylbenzoyl) benzoic acid 

4-Butyl-m-oresol 

2'-tert-Butyl-4,6'-dimethylaoetophenone 

N^ -Butyl -"i-methoxymetanilaiiiide 

2-tert-Butyl-5-methylaniE0le 

p-tert-Butylphenol 

Butylphenols , mixed 

p-tert-Butyltoluene 

5-tert-Butyl-m-xylene 

Carbazole, refined 

p-CS-Carbazolylami no) phenol 

N-3-Carbazolyl-p-benzoquinone imine 

2,'i'-Carbonyldibenzoic acid 

6(and 2) -Carboxybenzene-2(and /i)-diazo-l-oxlde 

5-{o-Carboxybenzoyl) -2-chlorooxanilic acid 

3-Carboxy-2(and A)-hydroxybenzenediazoni\im sulfate— 
3-Carboxymethyl-l-(5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)-3- 

methyltriazene. 
3-Carboxymethyl-l-(5-chloro-o-tolyl)-3-methyl- 

triazene. 

o-CCarboxymethylthlo) benzoic acid 

5-(o-Carboxyphenylsulfamoyl)anthranilio acid 

Chelidamlc acid 

Chlorendic acid 

Chlorendic anhydride 

2'-Chloroacetoacetanilide 

2-Chloroacetophenone 

'i'-(Chloroaoetyl)acetanilide 

Chloroacetylcatechol 

m-Chloroaniline 

o-Chloro aniline 

p-Chloroaniline 

3-(o-Chloroanilino)propionitrile 

^-Chloro-o-anisidine [NH2=l] 

5-Chloro-o-anisidine [NH2=1] (•i-Chloro-o-anisidine 
[0CH3=1] ) . 

A-Chloroanthranilic acid 

•l-Chloroanthraquinone 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



253, 355, ^92, 506, 510. 

577. 
577. 

506. 
253. 

443. 
537. 

443. 

253. 
253. 
468. 
492. 
604. 
365. 
253, 457, 506, 510, 537, 577, 604, 605. 

252. 

272. 

510. 

510. 

253, 457, 510. 

253. 

510. 

477. 
252. 
253. 

252, 477. 
443. 
512. 
577. 
253. 
253. 

253, 510. 
516. 
516. 

169, 253, 516. 

481. 

253. 

367. 

337. 

401, 510. 

337. 

252, 478. 

478. 

481. 

337. 

512. 

253. 

510. 

537. 

253. 

510. 

506, 510. 

253. 

253. 

510. 

577. 

348. 

468. 

468. 

157, 529. 

253. 

253. 

348. 

221, 253, 506, 510. 

221, 253. 

221, 253. 

253. 

510. 

213, 253, 448. 

253, 515. 

253, 457, 506, 510, 537, 577, 604. 



68 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 7B. --Syntheti 



chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States production or sale 
reported, identified by manufacturer , 1956 - -Continued 



Manufacturers ' Identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



»2-Chloroanthraquinone 

l-Chloro-2-anthraqulno'necarboxylic acid 

3-Chloro-2-anthraqulnDnecarboxylic acid 

3-Chloro-2-anthroic acid 

oo-Chlorobenzaldehyde 

p-Chlorobenzaldehyde 

Chloro-7H-benz[de] anthracen-7-one (Chloro- 
benzanthrone ) . 

•Chlorobenzene , mono 

l-Chlorobenzene-A-methylsulfone 

l-Chlorobenzene-'i-sulfinio acid 

l-Chlorobenzene-<i-6Ulfochloride 

p-Chlorobenzenesulfonio acid 

p-Chlorobenzenethiol 

^-Chlorobenzhydrol 

o-Chlorobenzoic acid 

p-Chlorobenzoic acid 

"i-Chlorobenzophenone 

2-Chlorobenzothiazole 

5-Chloro-2(3H)-benzoxazolone 

»o-(p-Chlorobenzoyl) benzoic acid 

p-Chlorobenzoyl chloride 

2'-Chloro-2,'»'-carbonyldibenzoio acid 

Chloro-Cp-chlorophenyl, phenyl) methane 

3-Chloro-2,'i-diethoxyanlline 

N-(3-Chloro-9,10-dihydroxy-2-anthryl)-acetamidebis- 
[acid sulfate]. 

4'-Chloro-2',5 '-dimethoxyaoetoacetanilide 

5-Chloro-2,'i-dimethoxy aniline 

l-Chloro-2,'i-dimethoxy-5-nitrobenzene 

5-Chloro-l,3-dLmethoxy-2-nltrobenzene 

5-Chloro-i,7-dimethyl-3(2H)-thianaphthenone 

»l-Chloro-2,'i-dinitrobenzene (Dinitroehlorobenzene) — 

2-Chloro-3,5-dinitrobenzenesulfonethylamide 

^-Chloro-3,5-dinitrobenzoic acid 

3-Chlorodiphenylamine 

a -Chloro-o( and/or p) -dodecyl toluene [CH3=l] 

5-Chloro-2-formylbenzenesulfonio acid 

^-Chloro-3-hydrazinobenzeneEulfonic acid 

i-Chloro-N-isopropyl-3-nitrobenzene-l-sulfonamide 

«<i-Chlorometanilie acid 

S-Chlorometanilic acid 

»6-Chlorometanilic acid 

N-(5-Chloro-2-methoxyphenyl) -N-methylglyoine 

»l-Chloro-2-methylanthraqulnone 

6-Chloro-'i-methylbenzo-l,3-thiaza-2-thionium 
chloride . 

A-Chloro-N -methyl -3-nltrobenzenesulfonamlde 

'i-Chloro-3-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)- 
benzenesulfonic acid. 

Chloronaphthalenes 

8-Chloro-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonlc acid (Chloro 

H acid). 
9-Chloronaphtho[l,2-b]thlophen-3(2H)-one 

«2-Chloro-i-m.troaid.llne (o-Chloro-p-nltroaniline) 

»<4-Chloro-2-nitroaniline (p-Chloro-o-nltroanillne) — 
•4-Chloro-2-nitroanisole 

■»l-Chloro-5-nitroaiithraquinone 

l-Chloro-5(and 8)-nltroanthraqulnone 

»l-Chloro-8-nitroanthraquinone 

1-Chloro -2-ni trobenzene ( Chloro -o -nitrobenzene ) 

»l-Chloro-2(and "*) -nitrobenzene ( Chloronitro- 
benzenes, o- and p-) . 

l-Chloro-3-nitrobenzene (Chloro-m-nltrobenzene) 

1-Chloro-i-nitrobenzene (Chloro-p-nitrobenzene) 

■i-Chloro-S-nitrobenzenesulfonamlde 

4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonanilide 

«2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzenesulfonlc acid 

2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzenesulfonio acid, sodium salt 

M-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

»4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

2-Chloro-A-nitrobenzoic acid 

5-Chloro-6-nitro-2{3H)-benzoxazolone 

■><o-('»-Chloro-3-nltrobenzoyl)benzolo acid 

2-Chloro-4-nitrophenol 

4-Chloro-2-nitrophenol 

4-Chloro-6-nltro-l-phenol-2-sulfonic acid 

l-CA- Chloro-2-nitrophenDxy)benzene 

2-Chloro-4-nitrotoluene 

2-Chloro-5-nitrotoluene 

'i-Chloro-2-nitrotoluene 

'i-Chloro-3-nitro-a,a,a-trifluorotoluene 

o-Chlorophenol 



510, 537, 577. 



501, 506. 
506. 



252, 253, 296, 333, 421, 468, 473, 550, 565. 



510. 

457, 506, 510, 537, 577. 



448, 510, 604. 



515. 

253, 506, 510, 604. 



510, 604. 

506. 

485, 506, 577. 

457, 506, 510, 537, 577. 



252, 253, 537, 604. 

252, 253, 510, 604. 

253, 510. 
506, 577, 605. 

506, 605. 
253, 604. 
403, 604. 

253. 

253, 604. 
443, 510. 

506, 510, 537, 577, 604. 

510, 577, 604. 
443, 577. 



506, 510, 604. 
440, 510. 



506, 510. 
510. 



TABLE 7B.--Syntheti 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 

ianic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States 
vere reported, identified by manufacturer , 1956- -Continued 



69 



p-Chlorophenol 

Cp-Chlorophenyl)acetonitrile 

l-Cp-Chlorophenyljbiguanide hydrochloride 

A-Chloro-o-phenylenediamlne 

2-[ l-(p-Chlorophenyl) -5-hydroxy-3-raethyl-'i- 
pyrazolylazo]-N-niethyl-l-phenol-'>-sulfonamlde. 

l-(in-Chlorophenyl)-3-methyl-2-pyTazolin-5-one 

l-(p-Chlorophenyl)-3-methyl-2-pyrazolln-5-one 

4-Chlorophthalic acid 

Chlorophthalic anhydride 

2-ChloropyTidine 

6-Chloroquinaldine 

»2-Chloroquim.zarin 

7-Chloro-'i-quinolinol 

6^Chloroquinophthalone 

i-Chlororesorcinol 

Chlororesorcinol, mono 

8-Chlorotheophylline 

m-Chlorotoluene 

o-Chloro toluene 

p-Chlorotoluene 

»a-Chlorotoluene (Benzyl chloride) 

5-Chloro-o-toluenesulfon3-c acid and salt 

3-Chloro-o-toluidine [ NH^^l] 

3-Chloro-p-toluidine [ NHi=l] 

•4-Chloro-o-toluidine [nH2=1] (5-Chloro-o- 
toluidine [CH3=l] (Fast red TR base). 
5-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=1] (■4-Chloro-o- 
toluidine [CH3=1] (Rod KB base). 

4-Chloro-o-toluidine hydrochloride [NH2=1] 

»5-Chloro-o-toluidine hydrochloride [NH2=1] 

5-Chloro-o-toluidine sulfate [nH2=1] 

o-(3-Chloro-p-tolyl)benzoic acid 

<;-Chloro-o-tolyl ethylxanthate 

N-(5-Chloro-o-tolyl)-N-methylglycine 

l-(o-Chloro-o-tolyl)-3-methyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one 

("i-Chloro-o-tolylthio) acetic acid 

^-Chloro-a,a,a-trifluoro-3-nitrotoluene 

Chlorotriphenylsilane 

2-Chloro-p-xylene 

4-Chloro-2,5-xylenesulfonyl chloride 

4-Chloro-2,5-xylenethiol 

(•4-Chloro-2,5-xylylthio) acetic acid 

Chrysazin (1,8-Dihydroxyanthraquinone) 

s-Collidine (2,'i,6-Trtmethylpyridine) 

■»Cresols : ■'" 

m-Cresol 

o-Cresol 

p-Cresol 

tCresols, mixed: •^ 

Cresol (meta, para) 

Cresol (ortho, meta, para). 

2,3-Cresotic acid 

«Cresylic acid (refined)-^ 

Cresylic acid, potassium salt 

Cresylic acid, sodium salt 

«Cumene 

a-Cyano-P-['i-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)amino-2-methylI- 
cinnamic acid, methyl ester. 

4.[(2-Cyanoethyl)ethylainino]-o-tolualdehyde 

p-[(2-Cyanoethyl)methylamino]benz aldehyde 

8-Cyano-l-naphthalenesulfonlc acid 

Cyanuric acid 

Cyanuric chloride 

«Cyclohexane 

1,2-CyolohexanedicaTboximide 

1,2-Cyclohexanedicarboxylic anhydride (Hexahydro- 
phthalic anhydride). 

■xCyclohexanol 

*Cyclohexanone 

Cyclohexanone oxime 

Cyolohexene 

'i-Cyclohexene-l,2-dicarboximide 

4-Cyclohexene-l,2-dicarboxylic anhydride 
(Tetrahydrophthalic anhydride) . 

Cyclohexylamine 

l-Cyclohexyl-2-propanone 

Cyclopentene 

»p-Cymene 

Decylbenzene 

l,5(and l,8)-Diacetamidoanthraquinone 

H,N-Diallylcamphoramic acid 

N,N-Dlallylmelamine 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



221, 


252. 






330. 








253. 








218. 








577. 








401, 


577. 






577. 








253. 








221, 


430. 






218, 


361. 






253. 








440, 


457, 


506, 


577. 


3AS. 








253. 








510, 


604. 






604. 








564. 








468. 








504. 








504, 


506. 






221, 


266, 


303, 


468, 504 


510. 








253, 


506. 






253, 


510. 






371, 


506, 


537. 





253, 506, 510, 604. 



253. 



253, 


265, 492, 537, 605. 


506. 




510. 




510. 




510. 




577. 




253, 


506, 510, 515, 537. 


510. 




244. 




510. 




510, 


515. 


253. 




253, 


510, 515. 


253, 


510. 


367, 


512, 558. 


367. 




512, 


537, 562, 609. 


212, 


485. 


167, 


512, 513, 537, 558, 562, 609. 


367, 


513, 537, 558, 609. 


?52, 


506. 


89, 


138, 331, 367, 463, 512, 537, 552, 558, 562, 609 


463. 




463. 




212, 


252, 552, 558. 


443. 




253. 




253. 




253, 


510. 


537. 




202, 


537. 


331, 


434, 516, X. 


253. 




506. 




221, 


250, 252, 253, 468, 506. 


250, 


253, 506. 


506. 




434 


516. 


181 


506. 


506. 




221. 




337. 




516 




212 


369, X. 


565 




604 




594 




537 





70 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

TABLE 7B. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic .nterweri.ates: for which Unites! Sts 
were renortled, identified by manufacturer , 1956- -Continued 



*l,4-Diaiainoanthraquinone 

*lj5-Diai[n.noanthraqiiinone 

l,5(and 1,8) -Diaminoanthraqulnone 

»2,6-Dlai[iinoantliraquinone 

l,A-Dlainlno-2,3-anthraquinonedicarboximlde 

l,4-Dlaiiiino-2,3-anthraquinonedisulfonio acid 

"ijS-Dlaminoanthrarufln 

2,6-Diamino-A,8-anthrarufindisulfonio acid --. 

3,3'-Diaminobehzaiiillde 

»2,^-DiaminobenzeneEulfonIc acid [ SO3H =1] 

2,5-DiaiiunobenzeneEulfonic acid [ SO3H =l] 

4, "4' -Diaiiiino-2,2' -biphenyldisulfonlc acid 

*4.,4' -Diaiiiino-3,3' -biphenyldisulfonlc acid 

4,4'-Dlamino-3-biphenylsulfonio acid 

3,7-Diajiilnodibenzothiophenedisulfonio acid -5,5- 
dioxlde, disodium salt. 

l,4-Diamino-2,3-dichloroanthraq\d.none 

3,6-Diamino-2,7-dimethylacridine 

3,6jDiamino-2,7-diinethylacridine sulfate 

2,2' -Diaiiiino-5, 5' -dimethyl-3, 3 '-biphenyldisulfonlc 
acid (2,2'-Dianilno-5,5-bl-m-toluenesulfonic acid) 

4,4 -Di ami no -5, 5 '-dimethyl -2, 2 '-biphenyldisulfonic 
acid. 

4,4'-Diamino-3,3'-dimethyltriphenylmethane 

5,6-Diaiiiino-l-naphthalenesulfom.c acid 

l,4-Diamino-5-nltroanthraquinone 

N,N'-Di(m-aiiilnophenyl)oxainlde 

N,N'-Di(p-aiiunophenyl)oxamlde 

2,6-Diaminopyridine 

''4,4'-Diainino-2,2'-stilbenedisulfonic acid 

4,6-Diaiiiino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l] 

2,4-Di-sec-amylphenol 

2,4-Di-tert-amylphenol 

»l,5-Diaiiillno-2,6-anthraquinonedicarboxylic acid 

»2,4-Dianilino-l-hydroxyaiithraquinone 

Diary Iguanidine 

l»5-Dibenzamidoanthraquinone 

*'i,5^-Dibenzamido-l,l -iminodianthraquinone • 

4,5 -Dibenzamido-4 -methox; -l,l'-irainodianthra- 
qulnone . 

»l,5-Dibenzoylnaphthalene 

N,N'-Dibenzylethylenediamine 

N,N -Dibenzylethylenediamine dlacetate 

«3,9-Dibromo-7H-benz[de]anthracen-7-one 

p-Dibromobenzene 

4,4'-Dlbromo-l,l'-diaiithramide 

2,7-Dibromo-3,8-dihydroxy-l,6-pyrenedione 

l,3-Dibromo-5,5-dimethylhydantoin 

5,5'-Dibroiiioindigotin 

2,6-Dibranio-l,5-naphthalenediol 

Dibramo-8,16-pyranthrenedlone 

Dibromoviolanthrone 

ni(and p) -Dibutoxy-2-nitrobenzene 

2,6-Di-tert-butyl-p-cresol 

3,4-Dichloroaniline ^ 

»2,5-Dichloroanlline and hydrpchloride [NH2=1] 

*l,5-DichloroanthraquinDne-^ 

l,5(and l,8)-Dlchloroanthraquinone 

»l,8-Dlchloroanthraquinone 

2,3-Dlchloroanthraqulnone 

2,6-Dichlorobenzaldehyde 

3-(3,4-Dichlorobenzamido)-l-phenyl-2-pyrazolin- 
5 -one. 

m-Diohlorobenzene 

*o-Dichlorobenzene 

o(and p) -Dlohlorobenzene 

*p-Dichlorobenz9ne 

Diohlorobenzenesulfonic acid 

2,5-Dichlorobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

*3,3 -Dichlorobenzidine base and salts 

*2,4-DichlorobenzoiG acid 

*2,5-Dichlorobenzoic acid 

4,4'-Dichlorobenzophenone 

o-(x,x-Dichlorobenzoyl) benzoic acid 

2,4-Diohlorobenzoyl chloride 

N,N'-(2,5-Dichloro-3,6-dioxo-p-phenylene)bls[6-(2- 
(3H)-oxo-5-benziinidazolylamlno)metanillc acid] . 

Dichlorodiphenylsilane 

2,5-Dichloro-4-hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid 

2,6-Dichloro-4-hydroxydiazobenzenesulfonic acid 

( 2 , 5-Dichloro-4-sulf obenzenediazohydroxide ) . 
6-(5,8-Dichloro-l-hydroxy-2-naphthylazo)-l-phenol- 
3-sulfonamlde. 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



500, 506,- 510, 577, 604. 

457, 510, 577. 

577. 

401, 457, 506, 510, 537, 577. 

604. 



506, 510, 577. 
577. 

401, 577. 
506, 537. 



253, 
253, 
253, 
253, 
253. 
253. 
253, 
577. 
577. 
253, 
288, 
267, 
401, 
456. 
537. 



253. 
253. 
253. 
401, 506, 604. 

577. 

537. 

510. 

510. 

401. 

401, 453. 

512. 

253, 

253, 

585. 

585. 

457, 

457, 

253. 

253, 510. 

253, 457, 506, 510, 537, 577, 605 

510, 



401, 492, 506, 510, 537, 577. 
506. 



506, 510. 
510, 577. 



160, 

594. 

266, 

253, 

252. 

253. 

510. 

97. 

510. 

477. 

253. 

510. 

443. 

537. 

221, 

213, 

253, 

253, 

253, 

577. 

506, 

477. 



457, 510, 577. 

4S2. 

457, 506, 510, 537, 577. 



253. 

253, 492, 506, 510, 604. 

457, 506, 510, 577, 605. 

506, 604. 

■457, 577. 

510. 



253 
77, 
296 
77, 
492. 
510. 
253, 
504, 
401. 
482. 
577. 
504. 
253. 

244. 
510. 
577. 



221, 252, 253, 333, 468, 473, 550, 590, 592. 
421, 565. 
221, 252, 253, 333, 468, 473, 590, 592. 

267, 485, 506, 515, 577, 592, 604, X. 
515. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1950 



71 



TABLE 7B.--Syntheti 



rganic chemicaJs: Cyclic intermediates for which United State 
were reported , identified by manufacturer , i955- -Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification- numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



N-(6,8-Dichloro-5-hydroxy-l-naphthyl)-p-toluene- 
sulfonamlde (2,'4-Dlohloro-5-(p-toluenesulfonaiiiido) 
1-naphthol) . 
"ijS-Diohlorometanllic acid 

»2,5-Dlohloro-4-(3-iiiethyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)- 
benzenesulfonic acid (l-(2,5-Dichloro-4-sulfo- 
phenyl) -3-metliyl-5-pyrazolone) . 

Dichloromethylphenylsilane 

2, 6-0ichloro-<i-nitro aniline 

l,2-Diohloro-<V-nitrobenzene 

l,3-Dichloro-'i-nitrobeJizene 

l,'^-Dichloro-2-nltrobenzene (Nitro-p-dichloro- 
benzene ) . 

Dichloropentadiene 

2,i-Dichlorophenol 

2-[ 3-(2,5-Dichlorophenyl)-l-ethyltriazen-3-yl] sul- 
fobenzoic acid, 

2,5-DichlorophenorLhydrazine 

(2, 5-Dichlorophenylthio) acetic acid 

Diohlorophthalic anhydride 

4,7-Dichloroquinoline 

ijb-Diohlororesorcinol 

o-(3,5-Dichlorosalicyloyl)benzoic acid 

2,5-Dichlorosulfanilic acid [S03H=l] 

ijOi-Dichlorotoluene 

a,a-Diohlorotoluene (Benzal chloride) 

2,'i-Dichlorotoluene 

2,6-Dichlorotoluene 

Sj-i-Dichlorotoluene 

Dlcyolohexylamine 

2,'4-Diethoxyaniline 

2,5-Dietho3tyaniline 

3, i-Diethoxybenz aldehyde 

2',5'-Diethoxybenzanilide 

2',5'-Diethoxy-<i'-nitrobenzanilide 

N,N-Dietho3£y-m-toluidine 

p-Diethylamlnobenz aldehyde 

N,N-Diethyl-3-aiiiinophenol 

i-Diethylamino-o-tolualdehyde 

«N,N-Diethylaniline 

N,N-Diethyl-m-anisidine 

Diethylbenzene 

N,N-Diethyleyclohexylamine 

N.N-Diethylmetanilic acid and sodium salt 

N,N^ -Diethyl -4-me the xymetanilamide 

N,N-Diethyl-l-naphthylamine 

N,N-Diethyl-p-nitrosoani line 

NjN-Diethyl-A-nitroso-m-anisidine hydrochloride 

2-(3-[ 5-(N,N-Dlethylsulfamoyl) -o-methoxyphenyl] - 
l-ethyltriazen-3-yl)-5-sulfobenzoic acid. 

N,N-Diethyltetrahydrophthalamic acid 

N,N-Di ethyl -m-toluidine 

3,3'-Diformamidocarbanilide 

N,N'-Diformyl-2,5-toluenediamine 

2,3-Dihydro-l,'4-bis[methylamlnoanthraquinone] 

2,3-Dihydro-<VH-pyran 

2,3-Dihydroquinizarin 

l,5(an4 1,8) -Dlhydroxyanthraquinone 

»'4,5-Dihydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 
(Chromotropic acid). 

«A,5-Dihydroxy-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Dioxy 
S acid). 

»6,7-Dihydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

3,5-Dihydroxy-2-naphthoic acid 

*16 , 17-Dihydroxyviolanthrone ( Dihydroxydibenz - 
anthrone ) . 

Diisobutyl-o-cresol 

2,'i-Dimethoxyacetophenone 

2,5-DlmethoxyacetophenDne 

•2, S-Dimethoxy aniline 

m-Dimethoxybenzene 

3,3 '-Dimethoxybenzidine 

2,A-Dimethoxybenzoic acid 

2,5-Dimethoxybenzoio acid 

3,3 '-Dimethoxy-<t,A'-bis[ 3-methvl-3-sulfoethyltri- 
azen-1-yl] biphenyl (2,2 '- [3,3'-(3,3'-Dimethoxy- 
<i,i' -biphenylene)bis(l-methyldla.zoamino;] di- 
(ethanesulfonio acid)). 

i,4'-Dlmethoxy-2-hydroxybenzophenol 

l,'i-Dimethoxy-2-nitrobenzene 

3,'4-Dimethoxyphenethylamine (Hamoveratrylamine) 

(3, "i-Dimethoxyphenyl) acetic acid (Homoveratric 
acid) . 



485. 

253, 401, 510, 537, 577. 



244. 

4^3, 510. 

221, 253. 

253. 

213, 253, 506, 510, 604. 

284. 

221, 252, 523. 

510. 

401. 

510. 

430. 

95, 348, 414. 

604. 

506. 

253, 401, 604. 

504. 

468. 

504. 

506, 510. 

504. 

221. 

604. 

510. 

365. 

510. 

510. 

604. 

506, 510. 

253, 510, 537. 

253. 

253, 355, 492, 506, 537. 

253. 

252, 367. 
253. 

253, 510. 
401, 430, 510. 
253. 

510. 
253. 
510. 

506. 
253. 

510. 
506. 
253. 
253. 
253. 
253. 
253, 440, 506, 577. 

253, 510, 577, 604. 



61, 


218, 


394, 


506, 510. 


510. 








253, 


457, 


506, 


510, 577, 605 


566. 








253. 








365. 








253, 


443, 


510. 




365, 


537, 


604. 




253, 


267, 


506 


577, 604. 


253, 


537. 






365. 








253, 


510. 






537. 








253, 


510. 






221. 








422. 









72 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 7B.--Syntheti 



rganic chemicals: Cyclic intermertiatea for which United States profiucti 
were reported, irient i fieri by manufacturer , i956- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



(3,<V-Dimethoxyphenyl)acetonltrile (Homoveratro- 
nitrile) . 

16,17-Dimethoxyvlolanthrone 

p-Dimethylaminobenzaldehyde 

4-DimethylaiLino-2,2-diphenylvaleraiiilde 

o-(Dimethylaminomethyl)-p-butylphenol 

m-DlmethylamlnDphenol 

N-Cp-DimethylaminDphenyl) -Ij'V-naphthoquinone imine — 
o- (Dime thylaminomethyl) phenol 

«N,N-Dimethylanlllne 

N,N-Dimethylbenzylamlne 

»2, 2 '-Dimethyl -1,1' -bianthraquinone 

Dlmethyl-l,3-oyclohexanedione 

N , N -Dimethylcyelohexylnml ne 

2',7'-Dimethylfluoran 

Dime thy liydantoin 

2,8-Dimethyl-13P-hydroxy-9(l3p)-ceroxenDne 

2,3-Dtmethylindole 

N,N-Dimethyl-l-naphthylamlne 

NjN-Dlmethyl-p-nitrosoanillne 

N,N-Dimethyl-3-nitro-p-tolu£nesulfonamlde 

N) N-Dimethyl -p-phenylenedlnm1 ne 

2-[3-( 5-DimethylBulf amyl-o-tolyl) -l-methyltriazen- 
3-yl] -5-EUlfobenzolc acid. 

N,N-Dimethylsulfanilic acid 

N,N-Dimethyl-p-toluldine 

2',<i'-Dinitroacetanilide 

a.i-Dlnltroaniline 

p-( 2, A-Dinitroanilino) phenol (Dinitrohydroxydi- 
phenylamine ) . 

2,4-Dinltroanlsole 

1,5-DlnltroanthraqUlnone 

l,5(and 1,8)-Dinltroanthraquinone 

N,N'-(2,'V-Dinitroanthraquinone) -1,5-dioxamle acid 

AjS-Dinltroanthrarufln 

3,3'-Dinitrobenzanlllde 

«m-Dl nitrobenzene 

2,'i-Dinitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

3,5-Dinitrobenzoic acid 

Dlnitro(3,3'-bl-7H-benz[de] anthracene-7,7'-dione) 

4,5-DinltrochryBazin 

*2,'i-Dinitrophenol, tech 

p-Dinltrosobenzene 

•i,<4'-Dlnltro-2,2'-stilbenedlsulfonlc acid and 
disodlum salt. 

2,4-Dlnitrotoluene 

2,'^(and 2,6)-Dlnltrotoluene 

Dlnitrotoluene (mixed isomers) 

N,N '-Dioxide-N,N '-diphenyl-p-benzoqulnone dlimlne 

Dlpentene (Limonene) 

1,5 -DiphenoxyanthraqiH nnne 

Dlphenylacetic acid 

Diphenylacetonitrile 

Diphenylamine 

6,8-Dlphenylamino-l-naphthalenesulfonlc acid 

l,'l-Diphenyl-2-butane-l,'*-dione 

sym-N,N'-Diphenylethylenediamlne 

a,a-Diphenyl-4-piperidinemethaiiol 

Dlphenyl-4-pyridylmethaiiol 

1,3-Diphenyltriazene 

Dlthlodlbenzolo acid 

2,2'-Dithiodibenzolc acid, dimethyl ester 

•l,'»-Dl(p-toluldino)anthraquinone 

1 , 5-Di (p-toluidino ) anthraqui none 

l,8-Di(p-toluldino)anthraquinone 

Divinylbenzene 

Dodeoylanillne — 

»Dodecylben2enes (include keryl-type benzenes) 

Dodecyl-N-methylbenzenesulfonamlde -- 

Dodeoylnltrobenzene 

6-Ethoxy-2-fflercaptobenzothia2ole 

3(and 4)-Ethoxy-4(and 3)-methoxybenzeildehyde 

2-Ethoxynaphthalene 

3-EthylaminD-p-cresol 

S-EthylamiDD-p-tolueneeulfonic acid [S03H=l] 

o-Ethylaniline 

N-Ethylaniline: 

Crude 

Refined--- 

»2-(N-Ethylanilino)ethanol- 

2- ( N-Ethylanilino) ethyltrljaethylnTnnrinium chloride 

a-(N-Etl^rlanilino) -m-tolueneeulfonic acid 

*a- (N-Ethylanilino) -p-toluenesulfonic acid 



355, '192, 506, 537. 

385, 566. 

288, 506, 510, 537, 577, 604. 



506, 537. 



422. 

457, 

506. 

564. 

566. 

537. 

506. 

566. 

253, 

365, 

253, 

443. 

221. 

4^. 

253. 

44. 

253. 

477. 

218, 

510. 

506. 

510. 



510. 

477. 

510. 

221, 510, 537. 

253, 506, 510. 

213. 

457. 

253, 288, 577, 604. 

577. 

604. 

577. 

253, 506, 510. 

510, 577. 

253, 459, 477. 

253. 

253, 443, 510. 

253, 506, 604. 

267. 

253, 492, 506, 510, 577. 



253, 
253. 
506. 
267. 
369, 
253, 
266, 
459. 
221, 
506, 
506. 
253. 
512. 
512. 
506. 
385. 
385. 
457, 
457. 
457. 
252, 
221. 
221, 
510. 
221. 
253. 
221. 
506. 
253. 
253. 
221. 



X. 

443, 604. 
330. 

252, 253, 335, 506, 537. 
510, 577. 



506, 510, 577. 

367. 

251, 278, 506, 508, 552. 



537. 

253, 506, 537. 

253, 443, 510, 529, 577. 

253. 

253. 

94, 401, 430, 492, 506, 510, 537, 577. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



73 



TABl£ 7B. --Synthetic organic chemicah 
or sales were reported. 



: Cyclic intermediates for which United States production 
identified by manufacturer , 1956- -Continued 



Manufacturers ' Identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



N-Ethyl-p-anisldlne 

N-Ethylanthranillo acid 

2-Ethylanthraciuinone 

»Ethylbenzene 

o-(p-Ethylbenzoyl) benzoic acid 

9-Ethyloarbazole 

N-Etliyl-N-(2-chloroethyl) aniline 

N-Ethylcyclohexen-l-ylamlne 

2- [l-Ethyl-3- ( 2-methoxy-5-nitrophenyl) trla2en-3-yl] - 

5-sulfobenzoic acid. 

N-Ethyl-1-naphthylamine 

N-Etbyl-N-(l-naphthyl)-p-nitrobenzaiiilde 

l-Ethyl-2-nitroben2ene 

N-Ethyl-2-nl trobenzenesulfonanili.de 

9-Ethyl-3-nitrooarbazole 

p-Ethylphenol 

ttN-Etbyl-N-phenylbenzylamlne (N,N-Ethylbenzyl- 

aniline) . 

2-Ethyl-2-phenylmalonio acid, diethyl ester 

l-(o-Ethylphenyl)-3-mettiyl-i-phenylazo-2-pyrazolln- 

5 -one. 

l-(o-Ethylphenyl)-3-methyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one 

5-Ethyl-2-piooUne (2-Methyl-5-etbylpyrldlne) (MEP)- 

l-Ethylpiperidlne 

2-Ethylpyridlne 

<i-Ethylpyrldine 

N-Ethyl-5-sulfoantliranlllo acid 

6-Ethyl-l,2,3,'i-tetrahydro-l,l,4,4-tetraiiiethyl- 

naphthalene . 

N-Ethyl-m-toluidine 

N-Ethyl-o-toluldlne 

3-(N-Ethyl-m-toluldino)proplonitrlle 

a-(N-Etbyl^ii-toluldino) -m-toluenesulfonlc acid 

5-Ethyl-2-vinylpyridlne 

1-Ethynyloyolohexan-l-ol 

Fluorene 

Formanllide 

p-Formylacetanilide 

<4-Forniyl-m-benzenedisulfonlc acid 

m-Fonnylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

«o-Fonnylbenzenesulfonlo acid (o-Sulfobenzaldebyde) — 

Furan 

Furfuryl alcohol 

3-Glyoyl-3-methyl-l-(6-methDxy-m-tolyl)thlazine 

Hexaohlorobenzene 

Hexaohlorocyclopentadiene 

Hexachlorodiphenyl oxide 

»p-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid 

3-Hydrazino-5-nltro-m-toluenesulfonic acid [SOsH^lj- 
3-Hydrazino-5-nltro-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l] - 

Hydrazobenzene 

Hydroabietyl alcohol 

Hydroquinone , tech 

o-Hydroxyacetophenone 

p-Hydroxyacetophenone 

6'-Hydroxy-m-acetotoluidide 

l-Hydroxyanthraquinone 

3-Hydroxy-2-anthra(iuinonecarboxylic acid, sodium 

salt. 
N- ( 3-Hydroxy-2-anthra(iulnonyl ) -l-nltro-2-anthra- 

quinoneoarboximide . 

4-Hydroxybenzenearsonlc acid 

2-Hydroxy-llH-benzo-a-carbazole-3-carboxyllc acid 

p-Hydroxybenzoio acid 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid, benzyl ester 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid, butyl ester 

p-Hydroxybenzoio acid, ethyl ester 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid, methyl ester -— 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid, propyl ester 

4-Hydroxyooumarin 

2'-(2-HydroxyethylamlnD)acetaiillide 

N- ( 7-Hydroxy-8- [2-hydroxy-5- (methylsulf amoyl) - 

phenylazo] -1-naphthyl) acetamlde . 

3-Hydroxy-2-methylclnchonlnic acid 

2-Hydroxy-l-naphthaldehyde 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphthanilide 

l-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid 

»3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoio acid (B.O.N.) 

<»N-(7-Hydroxy-l-naphthyl) acetamlde 

2- ( 2-Hydroxy-l-naphthylazo) -N-isopropyl-l-phenol- 

4-sulfonamide. 
2-(2-Hydroxy-l-naphthylazo)-l-phenol-4-svafonamide-- 
l-Hydroxy-A-nltroanthraqulnone 



<M.3. 

510. 

506. 

221, 252, 367, 529, 558. 

510. 

510, 512. 

253. 

375. 

510. 

253, 355, 506. 

510. 
221. 
577. 
510. 

253, i92, 506. 

266, 348, 564. 
577. 

577. 
529. 
560. 
512. 
512. 
510. 
337. 



253, 506. 








253. 








253, 443. 








253. 








512. 








108. 








512. 








253. 








510. 








510. 








510. 








401, 430, 


492, 


506, 


510. 


253. 








495. 








253. 








523. 








468. 








252. 








253, 352, 


401, 


510, 


537. 


510. 








94. 








267. 








212. 








443, 445, 


492. 






330. 








252, 330. 








577. 








506, 604. 








510. 








510. 








348, 456. 








510. 








267, 504. 








504. 








504. 








504. 








365, 504. 








504. 








456. 








604. 








577. 








253. 








330. 








371, 492, 


510. 






506, 510. 








104, 253, 


371 


485 


492, 504, 506, 510, 515, 604 


253, 506, 


577. 






577. 








577. 








577. 









74 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 7B. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United State 
or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1956-. Continued 



production 



Hydroxynitrovlolanthrone 

2-Hydroxyphenetole 

N-(p-Hydroxyphenyl)-2-naphthylamine 

p-(8-Hydroxy-6-sulfo-2-naphthylamlno) benzoic acid 

l-Hylroxy-<i-(p-toluidlno)antliraqulnone 

*l,l'-IiQi nobis ['i-aminoanthraqui none] 

1,1 -Iininobis[^-benzainidoanthraqiianone] 

»l,l'-Iminobisf5-benzamidoanthraq.uinone] 

«6,6'-Iiiilnobis[l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid] 

1,1 -Iiiu.nobis[<i-nltroaiithraqulnone] 

»l,l' -Iminodlanthraquinone (Dianthrimlde) 

Imlnodipyridine 

2-Iodobenzoic acid 

Iron phthal oeyanine 

Isatin 

Isocyanic acid, 3,3' -dimethyl -A, ^'-biphenylene ester 

(3,3'-Bitolylenfc-4,4'-diisocyanate). 
Isocyanic acid, (3,3'-Dimethoxybenzidine-'i,"i'-di-) 

ester (3,3'-Dimethoxybenzidine-4,4'-diisocyanflte) . 
Isocyanic acid, niethylenebis(3-methyl-p-phenylene) ester 
»Isocyanic acid, methylenedi-p-phenylene ester (4,4'- 
Methylenediphenylisocyanate) . 
Isocyanic acid, 4-methyl-m-phenylene ester (4-Methyl- 
m-phenylenediisocyanate) (Toluene-2,4-dlisocyanate). 

Isocyanic acid, phenyl ester (Phenylisocyanate) 

Isocyanic acid, m-tolylene esters (m-Tolylene 
diisocyanates) . 

Isocytosine (2-Amino-4(3H)-pyrimidone) 

Isonlcotinic acid 

Isonicotinic acid, methyl ester 

Isonitrosopropiophenone 

Isophorone 

Isophthalic acid (1,3-Benzenedicarboxylic acid) 

Iso^ropylbiphenyl 

«4,4 -Isopropylldenediphenol (Bisphenol A) 

N-Isopropyl-2-nitro-l-phenol-4-sulfonflmide 

Isoquinoline 

*Isoviolanthrone ( Isodibenzanthrone ) 

*Leuco-l,4-diaminoanthraquinone 

»Leuco quinizarin (1,4,9,10-Anthratetrol) 

♦Leuco tetrahydroxyanthraquinone 

2,3-Lutidine - 

»2,4-Lutidine 

2,5-Lutidine 

2,6-Lutidine— 

2,6-Lutidine-N-oxlde 

Melamine 

o-Mercaptobenzoic acid 

Metanilaniide 

Metanilanilide 

«Metanilic acid (m-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid) 

l-Methoxyanthraquinone 

4-Methoxyinetanilic acid 

l-Methoxy-4-nitroanthraquinone 

2-[ 3-(2-Methcxy-4-nitrophenyl) -1-methyltriazen- 
3-yl] -S-sulfobenzoic acid. 

(p-Methoxyphenyl) acetic acid 

5-lfethoxy-m-phenylenediamine (m-Dlamlnoanlsole) 

N-(p-Methoxyphenyl) -p-phenylenediamine sulfate 

[3-(6-MethD3!y-m-tolyl) -l-methyltriazen-3-yl] acetic 
acid. 

l-MethylamiAoanthraquinone 

l-Methylamlne-4-(p-toluidino)anthraquinDne 

N-Methylanilins.- - 

2-(N-Methylanilino)ethanol 

/3-(N-Methylanilino)propionitrile 

5-Methyl-o-anisidine [nH2=1] 

2-MethylanthraquinDne 

l-(3-Methyl-2-anthraquinonylamino)-5-C7-oxo-7H-benz 
[de] anthracen-3-ylamino)anthraquinon£. 

N-Methylbenzenesulfonanilide 

3-Methylbenzo[f ]quJ-noline 

2-Methylbenzoxazole 

N-Methylbenzylamine 

Methylbicyclo[2,2,l]hept-5-ene-2,3-dicarboxylic 
anhydride. 

Methylcyclohexane 

4-Methylcyclohexene 

N-Methylcyclohexylamlne 

N-Methylene aniline 

4,4'-Methylenebis[2-chloroanilinfi] 

4,4'-Methylenebis[N,N-diethylanllinfi] 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to Hat in table 27) 



537. 
221. 
510. 
510. 
253, 
253, 
506, 
253, 
253, 
253, 
253, 
512. 
564. 
253. 
506. 
267, 



267. 
253, 506. 



457. 

457, 506, 510, 537, 577, 605. 

537, 605. 

457, 510, 577, 605. 

288, 401, 506, 510, 577. 

457, 577. 

457, 506, 537, 577, 605. 



253, 506, 607. 
253, 506. 



221. 
607. 

537. 

512. 

512. 

365. 

529. 

552. 

221. 

221, 

577. 

512. 

253, 

253, 

440, 

430, 

512. 

367, 

512. 

512. 

512. 

537. 

5-4, 

253 

510 

61, 

253, 

453. 

253. 

510. 



252, 4S1. 



457, 510, 577, 605. 

267, 430, 457, 510, 537, 577, 605. 

506, 577, 604. 

457, 510, 577. 



512, 558. 



385. 

577. 

577. 
253, 288, 506, 510, 537, 577. 

510. 



330. 

213, 537. 
510. 
510. 

253, 457, 506, 510, 604. 

457, 510. 

253. 

443, 510. 

253. 

253, 577. 

506, 537. 

253. 

604. 
510. 

218, 477. 
375. 
506. 

252, 516. 

516. 

253. 

253. 

253. 

510, 537, 577. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 

TABLE 7B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States producti 
or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, I95lS- -Continued 



75 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(acoording to list in table 27) 



A,i'-Methylenebis[N,N-diinethylaniline] (Methane 
base) . 

A,-;' -Me thy lenebis[N,N-dimethyl-2-nitro aniline] 

2,2'-Methylenebls[A-ethyl-6-tert-butylphenol] 

2,2'-Methylenebis[4-methyl-6-tert-butylphenol] 

5,5' -Methylenebis [ toluene-2 ,4-dimni ne J 

4,4' -Me thy lenedi aniline 

Methylenedlsallcylic acid 

2-Methylfuran 

2-Methylindole - - - 

l-Methylnaphthalene 

iCand 2 ) -Methylnaphthalene 

2-Methylnaphthalene 

Methylnaphthalene, crude 

N-Methyl-p-nitroacetanllide 

N-Methyl-p-nitroanlline 

'I -Methyl -o-nitroanisole 

»2-Methyl-l-nitroanthraqulnDne 

N-Methyl-2-nltro-l-phenol-4-sulfonaiiilde 

m- ( 3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl ) benzenesulf ona- 

mide. 
m- ( 3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolln-l-yl) benzenesulf onic 
acid. 

»p-C3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolln-l-yl) benzenesulf onic 
acid (3 -Methyl - 1 - ( p - sulf opheny 1 ) - 5 -pyrazolone ) . 
6-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)-l,3-naphtha- 

lenedisulfonic acid. 
3-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolln-l-yl)-5-nltro-p- 

toluenesulfonic acid. 
•4-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)-m-toluenesulfonlc 

acid. 
5-Methyl-o-phenetidine [NH2=1] - 

»3-Methyl-l-phenyl-2-pyrazolln-5-one (Developer Z) 

Jfethylplperazine 

Methylpropylcarbinylbarbituric acid 

l-Methylpyrrole 

N^fethylpyrrolidine 

»a-Methylstyrene »- 

N-Methyl-5-sulfoanthranilic acid 

1-Naphthaldehyde 

"Naphthalene, solidifying at 79° C, or above 
(refined flake): 

"From American crude naphthalene ■ 

»From Imported crude naphthalene 

1-Naphthaleneacetonitrile 

1,5-Naphthalenediol (1,5-Dihydroxynaphthalene) 

2,3-Naphthalenediol 

«l,5-Naphthalenedisulfom.c acid 

1,5-Naphthalenedisulfonlc acid, sodium salt 

1,6-Naphthalenedisulfonic acid, sodium salt 

2,6-Naphthalenedisulfonlc acid 

2,7-Naphthalenedisulfonlc acid 

2-Naphthn1 enesulfonic acid 

l-Naphthalenes\ilfonlc acid, sodium salt 

2-Naphthn1 enesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

2-Naphthalenesulfonyl chloride 

1,4,5,8-Naphthalenetetracarboxylio dianhydride 

1,3,6-Naphthalenetrisulfonlc acid 

Naphthalic anhydride 

Naphthallmlde 

Naphthlonlc acid ( 4-Amino-l-naphthHl enesulfonic 
acid). 

«Napthlonlo acid, sodium salt 

1-Naphtholc acid 

»l-Naphthol (a-Naphthol) 

2-Naphthol, tech. (/5-Naphthol)- - 

l-Naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid, monosodlum salt 

l-Naphthol-3,8-dlsulfonio acid 

»2-Naphthol-3,6-dlsulfonlc acid (R acid) 

»2-Naphthol-3,6-dlsulfonlc acid, disodium salt 

»2-Naphthol-6,8-dlsulfonic acid (G acid) 

2-Naphthol-6,8-dlsulfonlc acid, disodimn salt 

l-Naphthol-3-sulfonamlde 

2-Naphthol-6-sulfonajiilde 

l-Naphthol-3-sulfonic acid, sodium salt 

l-Naphthol-4-sulfonlc acid (Nevlle & Winther's 
acid) . 

»l-Naphthol-5-sulfonlo acid 

l-Naphthol-8-sulfonic acid 

»2-Naphthol-6-sulfonlc acid (Schaeffer's acid) 

2-Naphthol-6-sulfonlc acid, sodium salt 

2-Naphthol -7-sulfonlc acid and sodium salt 



253, 506. 



510. 
537. 
537. 
253, 
506. 
iOA. 
253. 
253. 
512. 
512. 
512. 
304, 
510. 
510. 
253. 
253, 
577. 
253, 



457, 506, 510, 577. 
577. 



401, 577. 

253, 288, 401, 447, 453, 510, 537, 604. 

577. 

510. 



577, 

577. 

124, 

456. 

422. 

X. 

422. 

212, 

510, 

316. 



191, 252, 253, 288, 348, 401, 506, 577. 



252, 537, 558. 
577. 



367, 485, 512, 537, 558. 
367, 485, 537, 558. 



510, 577. 



506, 577. 
506, 537. 



537. 
510. 



577. 
537. 



253, 506, 577. 

316. 

253, 506, 510. 

485, 506, 510, 537. 

577. 

253. 

492, 506, 577. 

94, 510, 537. 

253, 506, 510, 577. 

537. 

510. 

253. 

510. 

253, 506, 577. 

253, 506, 577. 

401, 506, 510. 

416, 506, 510, 537, 577. 

94, 253, 485. 

253, 485. 



76 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

TABTi 7B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United State 
or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, J956--Continued 



2-Naphthol-8-sulfonlo acid 

l-Naphthol-3,6,8-trlsiafonlo acid, trlsodlum salt-- 

Ij-i-Naphthoqulnone 

Naphthoetyrll 

»l,8-Naphthosultone 

Naphtho[2,l-b]thiophen-l(2H)-one— - 

Naphth[l,2] oxadlazole-5,9-DaphthaaenedlEulfonlc 
acid. 

t<Naphth[l,2] oxadlazole-b-sulfonlo acid 

1-Naplitl)ylamlne (a-Naphthylamlne) 

l-Naphthylamlne sulfate 

2-Naphthjrlamliie {/^ -Naphthylamlne ) 

l-(2-Naphthylainlno)-2-aiithraqulnonecart)Oxyllc acid- 
»2-(Naphthylthlo)acetlo acid (/S-Naphthylthloglycolic 
acid). 

Nicotinic acid, tech 

Nicotinic acid, n-butyl ester 

Nicotlnonitrile O-Cyanopyridine) 

m-Nltroaoetanilide 

<<p-Nitroacetanilide 

2-Nitro-p-acetanlsidide 

41 and 5)-Nltro-o-acetanlsidlde 

p-Nltroacetophenone 

«m-Nitro aniline 

o-Nitro aniline 

p-Nltro aniline 

»2-Nltro-p-anisldlne [ NH2=1] 

»3-Nltro-o-anisldlne [ NHj=l] 

*4-Nitro-o-anisldine [ NH2=1] 

»5-Nitro-o-anlsidine [ NH2=1] - 

o-Nltroanlsole 

p-Nltroanisole 

l-Nitroanthraqulnone 

l-Nltro-2-anthraquinonecarbonyl chloride 

*l-Nitro-2-anthraquinoneoar'boxyllc acid 

l-Nitro-2-anthraqu±noneoarbo3£yllc acid, hydrazlde — 

»5-Nltro-l-anthraquinoiiesulfonlc acid 

5(and 8)-Nltro-l-anthra<iulnonesulfonlc acid 

8-Nitro-l-anthraquinoneBulfonic acid 

S-Nltro-l-anthraqulnonesulfonlc acid, sodium salt — 
2-(l-Nltro-2-anthraquinonyl)anthra[2,3]oxazole- 
5,10-dlone. 

m-Nltrobenzaldehyde 

6"[p-(p-Nltrobenzaiiiido)benzamldo]-l-naphthol-3- 

sulfonlc acid. 
6-(m-Nltrobenzamldo) -l-naphthDl-3-sulfonlc acid 

(m-Nltrobenzoyl J acid). 
6-(p-Nltrobenzamldo) -l-naphthol-3-eulfonic acid 
(p-Nitrobeuzoyl J acid). 

3-(m-Nitrobenzamldo)-l-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one 

"Nitrobenisene 

2-Nltro-p-benzenediEUlfonlc acid 

m-NltrobenzeneSulfonainide 

3' -Nitrobenzenesulfonanlllde 

"m-Nltrobenzenesulfonlc acid and sodium salt 

m-Nitrobenzeneeulfonlc acid, trihydrate, sodium 
salt. 

p-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

m-Nltrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

p-Nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

5-Nltro-2(3H)-ben2iiiildazolone 

m-Nltrobenzolc acid 

p-Nltrobenzolc acid 

p-Nltrobenzolo acid, butyl ester 

p-Nltrobenzoic acid, ethyl ester 

p-Nltrobenzolc acid, Isobutyl ester 

p-Nltrobenzoic acid, propyl ester 

m-Nltrobenzoyl chloride 

p-Nitrobenzoyl chloride 

2-Nitrobiphenyl 

2(and 'i)-Nltroblphenyl 

"i-Nltrobiphenyl 

4' -Nltro-4-blphenylcarboxylic acid 

2-Nltro-p-cresol 

't-Nltro-o-cresol 

Nltrodlphenylamlne 

1-Nitronaphthalene 

3-Nitro-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonlc acid 

8-Nltro-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

8(and 5)-Nltro-l(and 2)-naphthalenesulfonic acid — 
8-Nitro-l,3,6-naphthalenetrlsulfonlo acid, 

calcium salt. 
7(and 8)-Nltronaphth[l,2] oxadiazole-5-sulfonlc 
acid. 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



253. 








506. 








253. 








288, 510 


537 


577. 




577. 








577. 








253, 288 


506 


510, 


577. 


253, 506 


510. 






577. 








253, AA8 








506, 577 








253, -Wl 


506, 


510, 


537, 577. 


512. 








456. 








361. 








577, 604. 








4^3, 492 


510 


577, 




253, 44.3 


510. 






510. 








206. 








253, 506, 


537, 


577. 




221, 604. 








221, 604. 








253, 492, 


506, 


510. 




506, 604. 








492, 510. 








253, 401, 


448, 


510, 


537. 


221, 253, 


604. 






253. 








604. 








253. 








253, 506, 


510, 


577. 




253. 








253, 506, 


510, 


577, 


605. 


506, 577. 








253. 








253. 








510. 








492. 








253. 








401, 577. 








253, 401. 








477. 








221, 253, 


455, 


506, 


510, 537. 


577. 








253, 577. 








577. 








221, 253, 


288, 


506, 


510, 577, 605 


4ii3. 








537. 








510. 








506. 








253. 








468, 608. 








253, 506, 


510. 






365. 








365. 








365. 








365. 








468. 








253, 371, 


468, 


510. 




221. 








253. 








221, 253. 








253, 510. 








253, 577. 








456. 








537. 








253, 506, 


510, 






510, 577. 








510. 








510. 








510. 








506, 510, 


577. 







SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 

TABLE 7B.- -Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States production 
or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1956--Continued 



77 



Manufacturers ' Identification numbers 
(according to Hat in table 27) 



•4'-NitrooxanlHc acid 

Nitrophenethyl alcohol 

p-Nitrophenethyl alcohol acetate 

o-Nltrophenetole 

p-Nitrophenetole 

o-Nitrophenol 

p-Nitrophenol 

2-Nitro-l-phenol-4-sulfonanllide 

4'-(p-Nitrophenyl)aoetophenDne 

N,N'-('V-Nltro-m-phenylene)bis [aoetamide ] 

<V-Nitro-m-phenylenedianilne 

4-Nitro-o-phenylenediainine 

2-Nitrophenyl ether 

p-Nltrophenylhydrazlne 

2-C4-Nltrophenyl) -2H-naphtho [l,2]triazole-6,8- 

dlsulfonlc acid. 
l-(m-NitropheDyl)-5-oxo-2-pyrazollne-3-carboxylic 
acid. 

p-(p-Nitrophenylthio) aniline 

4-Nitrophthallmide 

3(and 5)-Nitrosalicylic acid 

4-Nitrosodiphenylaiiilne 

l-NitroBO-2-naphthol 

p-Nitrosophenol 

ti-Nltrostyrene 

2- [4- (4-Nitro-2-sulf ostyryl) -3-sulfophenyl] -2H- 
naphtho[l,2]triazole-5-sulfonlo acid. 

m-Nitrotoluene 

o-Nltrotoluene 

p-Nitro toluene 

Nitrotoluene mixtures 

3-Nitro-p-toluenesulfonlc acid [S03H=il 

»5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonic acid [SOjH^l] 

i'-Nitro-p-toluenesulfono-o-toluldide 

»2-Nitro-p-toluidine [NHjn] 

4-Nitro-o-toluidine [nH2=1] 

5-Nitro-o-toluldine [nH2=1] 

l-Nltro-2,'i,5-trichlorobenzene 

2-Nitro-3,4,6-trichlorophenol 

»16-Nitroviolanthrone 

2-Nitro-p-xylene 

<i-Nitro-m-xylene 

Nitroxylenes, mixed 

Nonyl- and dodecylbenzenes , mixed 

«NonylphenDl 

2-(Nonylphenoxy)ethanol 

Octylphenol 

Oxalacetic acid, diethylester, p-sulfophenyl- 

hydrazone. 
6-0xo-6H-anthr[9,l]lEOthiazole-3-carbonyl chloride — 

6-0xo-6H-anthr[9,l]isothiazole-3-carboxylic acid 

l-(7-0xo-7H-benz[de]anthraceu-3-ylajiilno)anthra- 

quinone. 
l,l'-(7-0xo-7H-benz [de] anthracen-3,9-ylenedi1m1nn)- 
dianthraquinone . 

5-0xo-l-phenyl-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid 

5-Oxo-l-phenyl-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid, ethyl 
ester. 

»5-0xo-l-(p-EUlfophenyl)-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic 
acid (Pyrazolone T) . 

Pentabromoindigotln 

Pentadecylbenzene 

3,<»,9,10-Perylenetetraoarboxylio acid 

3,4,9,10-Perylenetetracarboxylic diimide 

Phenethylamlne 

o-Phenetidine 

p-Phenetidine 

iffherol: 
^Natural: 

From coal tar:^ 

U.S.? - 

39° C, m.p 

82^8Af- 

All other 

From petroleum: Other 

»Synthetic: 

By caustic fusion: U.S.P 

From chlorobenzene by liquid-phase hydrolysis: 

U.S.P - 

Fran chlorobenzene by vapor-phase hydrolysis: 

U.S.P — — 

Fran cumene 

l-Phenol-2-sulfonlo acid 

See footnote at end of table. 



253, 


510. 






U3. 








i43. 








253. 








253. 








213, 


253. 






221, 


253, 


506, 


510. 


577. 








253. 








510. 








510. 








218, 


253. 






401. 








477. 








577. 








253, 


510, 


577. 




253. 








253. 








510. 








455, 


510. 






477. 








218, 


253, 


506, 


510, 537. 


267. 








577. 








253. 








253, 


506, 


510. 




253, 


506. 






506, 


537. 






288, 


401, 


510, 


537. 


253, 


506, 


510, 


577, 604. 


510. 








253, 


485, 


492, 


515, 537, 604 


253, 


492, 


510. 




253, 


401, 


492, 


604. 


604. 








577. 








510, 


537, 


577. 




253, 


510. 






253, 


510. 






506, 


537. 






278. 








405, 


455, 


510, 


566. 


510. 








338, 


566. 






577. 








253. 








253. 








253. 








253. 








401, 


510. 






510. 








401, 


453, 


510, 


604. 


510. 








251. 








510. 








510. 








266, 


353 


468 


482. . 


221 


253. 






221, 


253. 







512. 

367, 512, 513, 537, 558. 

367, 512, 558. 

367, 512, 537, 558, 609. 

138, 562, 609. 

221, 466, 564. 

252. 

421, 478. 
212, 552, 558. 
237. 



78 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



-Synthetic organic chemicals 
or sales were reported. 



■ Cyclic intermediates for which United States production 
identified by manufacturer, 1956- -Continued 



Uanuf acturere ' Identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



l-Phenol-<i-sulfonlo acid 

Phenoxyacetic acid 

o-Phenoxyaniline 

»Plienylacetic acid (a-Toluio acid) 

Phenylacetlo acid, ethyl ester, tech 

Phenylacetlo acid, methyl ester, tech 

*Phenylacetic acid, potaeslum salt 

Phenylaoetlc aeld, sodixjm salt 

oPhenylacetonltrile (a-Tolunltrile) 

A' -Phenylacetophenone 

2-Phenylanthr[2,3]oxazole-5,10-dlone 

"p-Phenylazoanillnfi (p-JUnlnoazobenzene) and hydro- 
chloride . 

4-Phenylazo-2,5-xylldlne hydrochloride 

N^-Pheiiyl-l,2,'i-'benzenetriamine 

2-Phenylbutyraiiilde 

2-Phenylbutyrlc acid 

Phenylcyclohexane 

N-Phenyldlbenzylamlne 

N,N'-(p-Phenylene)bis [acetamldel 

272'-(p-Phenylene)bis [5-(l-nltro-2-aiithraqulnonyl) 
l,3,'»-oxadlazole] . 

«m-Phenylenediamlne 

*o-Phenylenedi amine 

«p-Phenylenediamine 

m-Phenylenedibenzoate 

l,l'-(p-Phenylenedioarbonyl)bis[2-(l-nltro-2- 

anthraquinonylcarbonyl) hydrazine ] . 
Phenyl ether (Dlphenyl oxide) 

»Phenylglycine salts: 

Potassium salt 

Sodium salt 

Phenylhydrazine 

Phenylhydrazlne hydrochloride 

»2,2'-(Phenylimino)diethanol (Phenyldiethanolamlne) 

Phenylmalonic acid, diethyl ester 

o-Phenylphenol 

o-Phenylphenol, chlorinated 

o-Phenylphenol, sodium salt 

p-Phenylphenol 

N-Phenyl-p-phenylenedlamlne 

Phenyl-2-propanone 

Phenyl 2-pyridyl ketone 

Phenyl 4-pyridyl ketone 

Phenyl tetramer 

Phenyl thloacetlc acid 

Phloroglucinol 

Phthallc acid 

Phthalic acid, dlootyl ester 

Phthallc acid, disodium salt 

»Phthalic anhydride . 

Phthallc anhydride residue 

«Phthalimide 

Phthalonltrlle 

Phthaloyl chloride (Phthalyl chloride) 

Picollnes:^ 

»2-Pioollne (a-Pioollne) 

3-Plcollne (p-Plcollne) 

<;-Picoline (y-Plcollne) 

»Picoline (3,4-mlxture) 

Plcollnlc acid 

Picramlc acid and salt 

Picric acid (Trinitrophenol) 

2-Pipecoline (a-Plpecollne) 

Piperazlne mixture 

Piperldlne 

Polychloroblphenyl 

Polydodeoylbenzene 

Polyethylbenzene (80'f> Diethylbenzene) 

Polylsocyanates 

Polylsopropylblphenyl 

Polypentadecylbenzene 

Primuline base 

Priraulinesulfonic acid 

Propiophenone 

Purpurin (1,2,'i-Trlhydroxyanthraquinoue) 

Pyridine, refined:^ 

«2° Pyridine 

Other grades 

3-Pyrldlnol 

2-Pyrldylbenzhydrol 

A-Pyridylbenzhydrol 

Pyrrolidine 

See footnote at end of table. 



221, 252. 

252. 

AOl. 

266, 330, 337, 353. 

266, 5&i. 

266. 

221, 266, 330, 353, AS2. 

330. 

221, 266, 330, 3AS, 353. 

510. 

510. 

253, 506, 510, 537, 577, 60^. 

253. 
364. 
266. 
266. 

221, 477. 
253. 

510, 537. 
253. 

70, 253, 506, 510, 537, 604. 

218, 385, 492, 577, 581, 

485, 515, 537. 

510. 

253. 



252. 

252. 
253, 
252. 
364, 
253, 
266, 
221, 
252. 
252. 
252. 
253, 
396, 
512. 
512. 
591. 
356. 
581. 
330, 
558. 
385. 
221, 
552, 
252, 
558. 
221. 



506. 

510. 

443, 510, 529, 577. 

348. 

252. 



510. 
490. 



385, 510. 



260, 367, 466, 473, 485, 506, 537, 552, 558. 

558. 

253, 267, 385, 506, 510. 



367, 512, 529, 558. 

512. 

512, 529. 

367, 512, 558. 

361. 

253, 506. 

253, 403. 

422, 512. 

405. 

221, 253, 468. 

221. 

251. 

367. 

607. 

221. 

251. 

253, 506, 510. 

224, 253, 510. 

353, 365, 367. 

510. 

367, 512, 558. 

367, 512. 

361. 

512. 

512. 

253. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 

TABLE 7B. --Synthetic organic chemical^: Cyclic intermediates for which United State 
or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1956- -Continued 



79 



product i 



Manufacturers' Identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



2-Pyrrolidone 

■xQulnaldlne 

Qulnaldlne yellow, 
iiQulnizarin 



2-Qulnizarinsulfonlc acid 

Quinoline : 

Quinollne, 1° and 2° 

Other grades 

2,'i-Quinolinediol 

Quinoline yellow, base 

Quinophthalone (2,2'-(l,3-Indandione)quinoline)- 

Resorcinol, tech 

Resorcinol monobenzoate 

p-Resorcylaldehyde 

»p-Resorcylic acid 

Salicylalaminoguanidlne oleate 

^Salicylic acid, tech 

Salicylic acid (ammonium chromium complex) 

Salicylic acid carbonate, diethyl ester 

Sodium phenoxide 

Styphnic acid, lead salt 

«Styrene (Vinylbenzene) , all grades 

i'-Sulfamoylacetanllide 

N-S>ilfamoyl-p-toliiene sulfonamide 

Sulfanllic acid (p-Amlnobenzolc acid) and salt- 

"i-Sulfoanthranllic acid 

p-Sulfobenzoio acid, sodium salt 

o-Sulfobenzoio anhydride 

Sulfonamide, yellow 

Sulfonamide chloride, yellow 

i,,U '-Sulf onyldiphenol (4,4 '-Dihydroxydiphenyl- 
sulfone) . 

4-Sulfophthalio acid 

Terephthalic acid 

Terephthallc acid, dimethyl ester 

Terphenyl (Phenylbiphenyl) 

»Tetrabromo-8,16-pyranthrenedione 

»l,4,5,8-Tetrachloroanthraq.uinone 

»l,2,4,5-Tetrachlorobenzene 

Tetrachloronitrobenzene 

Tetrachlorophthallc anhydride 

a, a,2,6-Tetrachlorotoluene 

Tetrahydrofuran 

TetraMsaminophthalocyanlne, copper salt 

»1,4,5,8-Tetrald.s[l', l", l'", l""-anthra- 
quinonylamino] anthraqulnone (Pentaanthramide) 

TetraJd-snltrophthalocyanine, copper salt 

1,2,4,5-Tetramethylbenzene (Durene) 

2- (2-Thenylidene ami no) pyridine 

Thiamine hydrobromide 

3(2H)-Thianaphthenone 

Thio acid ^^ 

«3,3'-Thiobis[7H-benz[de]anthracen-7-one] 

4,4 '-Thlodiani line — 

6,6 '-Thiodimetanillc acid 

4,4'-Thiodiresorclnol 

2-Thiophenecarboxaldehyde 

m-Tolidine dlhydrochlorlde 

«o-Tolidine and salts 

o-Tolldine hydrochloride 

<<Toluene-2,4-diamine (4-m-Tolylenediamlne) 

Toluene-2,4-disulfonic acid 

o-Toluenesulfonamide 

o(and p) -Toluenesulfonamlde 

p-Toluenesulfonamlde 

o(and p) -Toluenesulf onic acid 

p-Toluenesulfonlo acid, anhydrous 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid, 2-chloroethyl ester 

p-Toluenesulfonlc acid, ethyl ester 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid, isopropyl ester 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid, methyl ester 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid raonohydrate 

p-Toluenesulfono-o-toluidide 

o-Toluenesulfonyl chloride 

p -Toluenesulf onyl chloride 

p-Toluhydroqulnone 

p-Toluic acid 

m-Toluidine 

o-Toluldine 

o-Toluidine hydrochloride 

p-Toluldine 

Toluidines, mixed 



510. 

253, 367, 506, 512, 537. 

537. 

253, 267, 288, 430, 440, 443, 448, 457, 506, 

515, 537, 577, 604, 605. 
370, 515. 



510, 



367, 512, 558. 






218, 477, 512. 






253. 






506, 510. 






253. 






307. 






443. 






510. 






367, 537, X. 






25 J. 






221, 252, 504. 






577. 






252. 






253, 364. 






56. 






221, 252, 367, 


4S1, 529, X. 




537. 






604. 






506, 537, 577. 






288, 401, 510. 






510. 






477. 






604. 






604. 






221, 237, 510. 






267. 






253. 






212, 253, 604. 






221. 






506, 510, 577. 






253, 457, 506, 


510. 




221, 252, 468, 


550. 




492. 






468. 






253. 






253. 






253. 






253, 457, 506, 


510. 




253. 






434. 






456. 






560. 






510. 






604. 






253, 457, 510, 


577. 




506. 






506. 






335. 






456. 






267. 






253, 267, 506, 


577. 




253. 






191, 253, 403, 


506, 510, 537, 


577 


510. 






221. 






537. 






221, 537. 






221, 237, 485. 






612. 






510. 






213, 604. 






253, 566. 






213, 221, 457 






237, 510. 






253, 510. 






221. 






221. 






443. 






253. 






253, 367, 506 


510. 




253, 506, 510 






604. 






253, 506. 






537. 







80 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 7B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United Stat 
or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1956- -Continued 



production 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



6-Cp-Toluidino)metanilic acid 

m-Toluidlnomethanesulfonic acid 

o-Toluidinomethanesulfonic acid 

8-(p-Toluldino) -l-naphthalenesulfonio acid 

2-{p-Toluidino) -5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

l-(o-Toluidlno)-2-propanol 

o-Tolunitrile 

*o-(p-Toluoyl) benzoic acid 

»^-(o-Tolylazo) -o-toluidijie (o-Ainlnoazotoluene) 

o-(p-Tolyl)benzoio acid 

2,2'-(m-Tolyliiiilno)diethanol 

[ 3- (p-Tolyl)-l-niethyltriazen-3-yl] acetic aoi-d 

2,4,6-Tribromophenol 

1,2, 3 (and l,2,'4)-TrichlorobenzeDe 

1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene 

l,2,A-Trichloro-5-nitrobenzene 

Triohlorophenylsilane 

»a,a, a-Trichlorotcluene (Benaotrichloride) 

a,2,'i-Trichlorotoluene 

a,2,'4(and a,2,6)-Triohlorotoluene 

a,3,4-Trichlorotoluene 

l,3,5-Trlchloro-s-triazine-2,'i,6(lH,3H,5H)-trione — 

1,3,5-Triethylbenzene 

a,a, o-Trlfluorotoluene 

a, a, (x-Trifluoro-m-toluidine 

2,4,5-Trimethylaniline (Pseudooumidine) (psi- 
Cumidine). 

l,3,3-Trlinethyl-A^,"-indolineaoetaldehyde 

1 , 3 ,3 -Trimethyl -2 -methyleneindolineacetaldehyde 

2,4,6-Trinitrobenzoic acid 

2,'l,6-Tris(dlmethylaminomethyl)phenol 

»6,6'-Ureylenebis [l-naphthol-3-sulfonlo acid] 
(J acid urea) . 

»Veratraldehyde (3,4-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde) 

Veratrole 

9-Vinylcarbazole 

A-Vinylcyclohexene-1 

5-Vinyl-2-picoline (MVP) 

2-Vinylpyridine 

'♦-Vinylpyridine 

»Violanthrone (Dibenzanthrone) 

9-Xanthenecarboxylio acid 

m-Xylene ' 

«o-Xylene 

p-Xylene 

Xylenesulfonic acid 

Xylenol crystals 

*Xylenols : 

Low b.p 

Medium b.p 

Not classified as to b.p 

»Xylidines : 

2,';-Xylldine (m-4-Xylidine) 

2,5-Xylidine (p-Xylidine) - -: 

Xylidlnes, mixed: 

Original mixture 

»Xylidine (ortho, para) 

2,5-Xylidlne hydrochloride 

'4-(2,^-Xylylazo)-o-toluidine 

4-(2,5-Xylylazo)-o-toluidine - 

4-(2,'i-Xylylazo)-2,5-xylidine - 

All other intermediates 



506, 577. 

288, 401. 

506. 

506. 

577. 

AA3. 

303. 

253, 510, 537. 

253, 506, 510, 537. 

506. 

4^3, 510, 

510. 

252. 

252, 550. 
221, 468. 
510. 
2M. 

303, 468, 504. 

504. 

266. 

504. 

221. 

253. 

468. 

569. 

147, 506. 

253. 
253. 
581. 
566. 
61, 253, 265, 288, 401, 453, 506, 510, 537, 577. 

221, 282, 337, 365. 

221. 

510. 

516. 

465. 

512. 

512. 

253, 457, 510, 537, 577, 604, 605. 
564. 

337, 552. 

434, 479, 552. 

434, 552. 

206, 237. 
558. 

512, 562, 609. 
512, 562, 609. 
260, 512, 537. 

253, 510. 
253, 506, 510. 

506, 537. 

253, 537. 

506. 

506. 

537. 

506, 604. 

430. 



^ Does not include manufacturers ' identification numbers for producers who report to the Division of Bitu- 
minous Coal, U. S. Bureau of Mines. These producers are listed in the U. S. Bureau of Mines Directory of 
Oven-Coke Plants in the United States, December 31, 1955, Mineral Market Report M.M.S. No. 2509, issued 
May 1956. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 

Dyes 



81 



TABLE S3. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer , 1956 

[Dyes for which separate statistics are given in table 8A are marked below with an asterisk (»); dyes not 
so marked do not appear in table 8A because the reported data are accepted i^ confidence and may not be 
published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from table 27. An X signifies that 
the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number with the designated 
product] 



Dye 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER 
Nitroso Dyes 

Naphthol green B 

yVitro Dyis 

Naphthol yellow S - 

Amldo yellow E 

Azo Dvtt 

Monoazo Dyes 



Spirit yellow G— ■ 

Acid yellow G 

•Spirit yellow R 

*011 yellow 

•KChryBOidine Y 

•ChryBOidine R 

•Sudan I 

Froceine orange G 

♦Orange G 

Chromotrope 2R 

Fast acid fuchsine B 

»Amido naphthol red G 

Brilliant sulphon red — 

•Chrome yellow 2G 

•Chrome yellow R 

Fast red 2G salt 

•A20 alizarin yellow GP- 

Vlctoria violet ABS 

Chromotrope 6B 

•Anido naphthol red 6B — 

Fibre black V— 

•Fast scarlet G base 

Fast scarlet G salt 

•Fast red GL base 

•Fast red GL salt 

•Sudan II 

•Ponceau R 

Double ponceau 

•Fast red B 

Chrcmotrope lOB 

•Chrome brown R 

Chrome green 2G 

Chromate brown B 

Acid chrome brown R 

Chrome flavlne G 

Sudan R 

•Azo eoslne G 

Fast red B base 

•Fast red B salt 

•Fast scarlet R base 

•Fast scarlet R'salt 

Direct pink 

Direct fast pink EBN — 

iftJetanil yellow 

Methyl orange ^— 

•Azoflavine RS 

Azo yellow ~ — -7 

Resorcln yellow 

•Orange II 

•Orange R 

Pigment rabine B 

Acid chrome brown B 

•Acid chrome garnet R— 
Acid chrome violet N— 

Chrome black PV 

Naphthyl amine brown 

•Fast red A 

•Azo rublne 

Fast red VR 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



AOl, 537. 



506, 537. 
510. 



510, 

537. 

253, 

253, 

253, 

506, 

253, 

506. 

253, 

506. 

329, 

191, 

329, 

510, 

506, 

510, 

506, 

253, 

506, 

191, 

577. 

253, 

510, 

253, 

';92, 

^29, 

253, 

510. 

265, 

253. 

70, 

510. 

70. 

70, 

70, 

429. 

253, 

510, 

"Wl, 

253, 

401, 

506, 

510. 

191, 

265, 

506, 

506, 

506. 

265, 

253, 

253. 

506. 

506, 

70, 

506, 

510. 

253, 

253, 

506, 



506, 
429, 
510, 
537. 
506, 



510, 537, 604. 
506, 510, 537, 604. 
537. 



510, 537, 577, 604. 
265, 492, 506, 510, 537, 577. 



506, 
253, 
506. 
537, 
510, 
604. 
577, 
506, 
577. 
253, 

401, 
604. 
401, 
506, 
506, 
265, 



253, 



253. 
510. 



604. 
401, 

577, 
537, 

604. 
577. 

506, 

492, 

492, 

510, 

, 510, 

, 506, 

, 537, 

506, 



492, 506, 510, 537, 577, 604. 



604. 
577, 604. 



510, 537, 577, 604. 

604. 

596. 

596, 604. 

537, 604. 

510, 537, 577. 

577. 

510, 577. 



265, 288, 329, 401, 510, 577. 

605. 

492, 506, 510, 604, 605. 

506, 510, 596, 604. 

492, 506, 510, 537, 596, 604, 605. 

510. 

253, 492, 506, 537, 577. 

492. 

510, 577. 

604. 

329, 506, 510, 537, 577. 
492, 506, 510, 537, 577. 



510, 577. 
506. 
510, 577. 

265, 506, 510, 537, 577. 
265, 492, 506, 510, 577. 
510, 577. 



82 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 8B. --Syntheti 



rganic chemicals; Coal-tar dyes for which United States producti 
reported, identified by manufacturer , 7956--Continued 




Mamifacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list In table 27) 






DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER— Continued 

Azo Dyes--Contlnued 

Monoazo Dyes — Continued 

Crocelne scarlet 3BX 

Amaranth 

*Cochineal red A 

Mordant yellow 

Chrome yellow RN 

Chrcme blue black B 

••(Chrome blue black R 

^Chrome black T 

Chrome black A 

Fast acid blue R 

Fast acid blue B 

«Acid chrome red B 

»Chrome flavine A 

Direct pink 2B 

Disazo Dyes 

»Resoroin brown 

»Resorcin dark brown 

Chrome brown G 

»Aoid black lOB 

»Azo dark green A 

^Brilliant crocelne M 

Ponceau SS ex 

Sudan IV 

•Cloth red B 

Neutral gray G 

•Milling orange 

*Cloth scarlet G 

•Direct fast red 8BL 

Scarlet EC 

Fast acid cyanine G 

•Fast acid cyanine 5R ex 

Acid chrome verdone A 

Acid black B - - 

•Acid chrome black F 

Acid chrome green SS 

•Fast acid black 2BN 

Fast acid black R 

Fast acid black F 

•Fast acid cyanine black B 

Naphthylamine black D 

Developed blue B 

Naphthylamine black V 

•Direct fast heliotrope 

Rosanthrene 

•Direct fast scarlet 

•Direct fast scarlet 'VBA 

•Bismarck brown G 

•Bismarck brown R 

•Chrome fast yellow C 

•Direct fast yellow 5GL 

Direct fast yellow -iGL ex 

•Direct fast pink 2BL 

•Brilliant yellow 

•Chrysophenine G 

•Congo red 

•Congo oorinth G 

Congo rubine 

Direct orange G 

•Direct scarlet B 

•Direct violet B 

Benzo violet 

•Direct violet N 

Direct black RO 

Direct brilliant Bordeaux R 

•Developed black BH 

Diphenyl fast gray B 

Direct cyanine R 

•Direct blue 2B 

Cresotine yellow 

•Direct orange R 

•Direct fast red F 



577. 
506, 
';92, 
506, 
506, 
506, 
253, 
506, 
506, 
506, 
506, 
440, 
253, 
253. 



577. 

506, 510, 537, 577. 

510, 577. 

510. 

510, 577. 

506, 510, 537, 577. 

510, 577. 

510, 577. 

510, 577. 

510. 

506, 510, 537, 577. 

506, 510, 577. 



253, 329, 506, 510, 537 

253, 329, 492, 506, 510 

253, 506. 

253, 265, 329, 492, 506 

253, 401, 506, 577. 

253, 265, 492, 506, 510 

506. 

253, 370, 506. 

506, 510, 577. 

253. 

510, 537, 577. 

329, 537, 577, 604. 

191, 253, 265, 288, 329 

510, 537, 577, 604. 
506, 510, 604. 
506, 510. 
253, 506, 510. 
506. 
506. 

506, 510, 577. 
510, 537. 
253, 506, 577. 
577. 
510. 

253, 506, 510. 
510. 

506, 510, 577. 
253. 

253, 401, 506, 577. 
253, 401, 604. 
61, 253, 265, 288, 401, 

537, 577, 604. 
253, 265, 401, 453, 510, 
253, 506, 510, 537, 577. 
253, 506, 510, 537, 577. 
253, 506, 537. 
191, 253, 401, 4^7, 453, 
2S8. 

253, 401, 506, 510, 537. 
253, 453, 506, 510, 537, 
253, 453, 506, 510, 577. 
253, 506, 577. 
265, 329, 506, 510, 537, 
446. 
506. 

329, 506, 510, 537, 577, 
253, 506, 510, 577. 
510. 

253, 430, 506, 510, 577, 
265. 
506. 

253, 265, 329, 453, 506, 
577. 
506. 

253, 265, 329, 506, 510, 
506, 577. 

253, 506, 510, 577. 
191, 253, 265, 329, 506, 



577, 604. 
537, 577, 604. 



510, 537, 577, 604. 
537, 577. 



401, 447, 453, 506, 



447, 453, 506, 510, 

537, 577. 

506, 510. 

577. 

577, 604. 

604. 

604. 

510, 537, 577. 

537, 577, 604. 

510, 577, 604. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



83 



TABLE 8B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer , J9J6--Continued 



Colour 
Index or 

proto- 
type No. 



423 

430 

431 
436 
441 
443 
446 
448 
464 
466 
471 
472 
477 
478 
487 
495 
499 
499 
502 
508 
512 
515 
516 
518 

520 



533 
534 
539 
552 
561 
576 
581 
582 
583 
589 
593 
594 
596 
598 
601 



620 
621 
622 
626 
628 
631 



636 
639 
640 
642 
652 
653 



Dye 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER- -Continued 



Azo i)yes--Contlnued 

Disazo Dyes — Continued 



itDireot brown M- 



Direct brown B- 
•Polar red 



Acid chrome red 

Direct brilliant red 8B-' 
Chrome fast yellow RD 

^Milling red G 

Direct orange R 

♦Benzopurpurine 4B 

Direct blue 3R 

*Beuzo new blue 5B 

Direct blue 4R 

Direct blue BX 

♦Direct blue 3B 

Direct orange G 

»Acid anthracene red 3B — 
Benzopurpurine lOB 

»FaBt blue B base 

»Fast blue B salt 

♦Direct azurine G 

Direct brilliant blue G- 

»Direct blue RW 

Direct blue B 

Chicago blue B 

♦Direct sky blue FF 



♦Direct pure blue- 



Trisazo Dyes 



♦Direct fast blue FR 

Dispersol fast yellow 2G- 
♦Direot fast black FF 

Diazo blue black RS 

♦Direct brown BT 

Direct fast blue B 

♦Direct black EW 

♦Direct black RX 

♦Direct green ET 

Chloramine green B 

♦Direct green B 

Direct green G 

♦Direct brown 3G0 

♦Congo brown G 

Congo brown R 



Tetrakisazo Dyes 



Direct brown G- 



Stilbe: 

♦Direct yellow R 

♦Chloramine orange G-- 

♦Stilbene yellow 

Diphenyl orange RR 

Diphenyl oatechine G- 
Diphenyl chrysoine G- 



Pyrazolc 

♦Fast light yellow G~- 
♦Xylene light yellow-- 

♦Tartrazine 

♦Polar yellow 

♦Chrome red B 

♦Pyrazol orange 



^fjtonminj Dye 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



191, 253, 265, 

604. 
329, 537, 577. 
191, 253, 288, 

537, 577. 
253. 

265, 577. 
401, 510. 
401, 440, 510, 
506, 604. 
253, 506, 577. 
253. 

253, 329, 506, 
506, 577. 
506, 510, 577. 
253, 265, 506, 
506, 577, 60i. 
401, 506, 510, 
253, 329, 506. 
253, 492, 510, 
401, 492, 506, 
253, 265, 329, 
253, 401. 
253, 288, 453, 
253, 577. 
510. 
253, 265, 288, 

577, 604. 
253, 265, 506, 



288, 329, 506, 510, 537, 577, 
329, 401, 447, 453, 506, 510, 



537, 577, 604. 

510, 577. 

577. 

537, 577, 604. 

596, 604. 

510, 604, 605. 

453, 506, 510, 537, 577, 604. 

506, 510, 577, 604. 

329, 401, 453, 506, 510, 537, 
510, 577. 



253, 
253. 
253, 
506. 
253, 
577. 
253, 
253, 
253, 
253, 
253, 
329, 
253, 
253, 
253. 



265, 577, 604. 
453, 506, 510, 577. 
329, 506, 510, 577, 604. 



329, 
329, 
329, 
329, 
329, 
506, 
329, 
265, 



453, 
453, 
453, 
506, 
506, 
577. 
506, 
506, 



506, 510, 537, 577. 

506, 510, 537, 577. 

506, 510, 537, 577, 604. 

577. 

510, 537, 577, 604. 

510, 537, 577, 60i. 

510, 577, 604. 



329, 510. 



253, 506, 510, 537, 577. 

253, 506, 510, 537. 

253, 506, 510, 537, 577. 

577. 

506. 

577. 



253, 401, 506, 510. 

253, 288, 401, 492, 506, 510, 537, 577. 

191, 401, 492, 506, 510, 537, 577, 604. 

288, 401, 506, 510, 577. 

70, 253, 288, 401, 506, 510, 537, 577. 

191, 288, 401, 447, 453, 506, 510, 577, 604. 



253, 506, 537. 



84 



TABLE 8B. -Synthetic 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

3nic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States producti 
reported, ident i tied by manufacturer , i956 --Continued 




Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER— Continued 

TriphenyUethane and 
Diphtnylnaphthylmtthanr Dyes 

^Malachite green 

»Rhoduline blue 6G 

•Brilliant green 

Setocyanine 

*Acid green B 

»Fast acid green B 

Acid light green 

»Acid glaucine blue 

Xylene blue VS 

}^lene blue AS 

»Para fuchslne 

Magenta 

New fuchsine 

«Methyl violet B and base 

•Crystal violet 

•Ethyl violet 

Benzyl violet 

Spirit blue 2B 

Acid magenta 

Acid violet 4BN 

Fast acid violet lOB 

Wool violet 

•Acid violet 

Acid fast violet BG 

Alkali blue 

Methyl blue 

Methyl cotton blue 

Soluble blue 

Patent blue A 

•Acid chrome azurol B 

•Acid chrome cyanlne R 

Victoria blue R 

•Victoria blue B 

•Naphthalene green V 

•Wool green S 

Xanthene Dyfs 

Xylene red B 

Rhodamlne B, 20=6 

Rhodamine B cone, IOO56 

Rhodamine 6G cone, lOOjt 

Fast acid violet A2R 

•Fluorescein 

•Uranine (Fluorescein, alkali salt) 

Eosine G (Tetrabromofluoresoein, alkali salt)-- 

•Tetrabromo fluorescein 

Dinitrodibromo fluorescein 

Erythrosine bluish 

Phloxine B 

Rose bengale B 

Acridine Dyes 

Acridine orange NO 

Brilliant phosphine G 

Phosphlne 

Euchrysine 2G 

Quinoline Dyes 

Quinoline yellow, spirit-soluble 

•Quinoline yellow 

Quinoline yellow KT 

Thiazole Dyes 

•Prlmuline 

Direct pure yellow M 

•Direct fast yellow 

Thioflavine T 

Direct brilliant flavine S 

Azine Dyes 

Wool fast blue 

•Safranine 



355 


492, 


506, 


510, 


537. 




355 


492, 


506, 


510. 






253 


355, 


492, 


506, 


510, 


537. 


253 


506, 


510. 








253 


401, 


492, 


506, 


510, 


537, 577 


253 


401, 


492, 


506, 


510, 


537. 


510 












401 


492, 


506, 


510, 


537. 




506 


510. 










506 


510. 










104 


537, 


589. 








485 


537, 


589. 








537 












253 


355, 


506, 


510, 


537. 




253 


355, 


492, 


506, 


510. 




253 


355, 


506, 


510. 






355 












589 












510 












506 












253 


577. 










492 


506. 










253 


510, 


537, 


577. 






253 












104 


589. 










104 












104 












537 


589. 










537 












253 


506, 


510, 


577, 


604. 




253 


401, 


492, 


506, 


510, 


577. 


253 


355, 


492. 








253 


355, 


492, 


506, 


510. 




253 


492, 


506, 


510, 


537, 


577. 


401 


492, 


510, 


537. 






510 












253 


506. 










510 


537. 










253 


510. 










51, 


506. 










492 


502, 


537, 


589. 






492 


506, 


589. 








537 


589. 










462 


492, 


537, 


589. 






589 












589 












492 


589. 










589 













401, 506, 510. 

401. 

506, 537. 

401. 



506, 537. 

253, 506, 510, 537. 

253. 



253, 506, 577. 

253. 

224, 253, 506, 510, 577. 

253. 

224. 



506, 510, 577. 
253, 492, 506, 510. 



TABLE 8B. --Synthetic 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 

rganic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States produ 
reported, identified by manufacturer , 7956- -Continued 



85 



Colour 
Index or 

proto- 
type No. 




Manufacturers ' Identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



842 
853 
860 
861 
864 
865 



871 
875 



883 
909 
913 



922 

924 
931 



948 
969 



1027 
1034 
1035 
1053 
1054 
1062 
1073 
1075 
1076 
1077 
1078 

1080 
1085 
1088 
1089 
1091 



1096 
1098 
1099 
1100 
1101 
1102 
1104 
1105 
1106 
1109 
1112 
1113 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER— Continued 

Azine Dyes- -Continued 

Methylene violet 

Acid cyanine 

Induline, spirit-soluble 

»Induline, water-soluble 

Nigrosine, spirit-soluble 

Nigrosine, water-soluble 

Aniline Black and Allied Dyes 

Diphenyl black base 

Pur black 

Oxaiine Dyes 

Gallocyanine 

New blue R 

Nile blue A- 

Thiaiine Dyes 

^Methylene blue 

Methylene green B 

Brilliant chrome blue 

Sulfur or Sulfide Dyes 

Derivatives of Carbazole 

Immedial yellow D 

Carbazole vat blue R 

Other Sulfur or Sulfide Dyes 

»Sulfur black 

Sulfur blue 

Sulfur brown 

Sulfur green 

xSulfur maroon 

■xSulfur olive 

Sulfur orange 

Sulfur tan 

•xSulfur yellow 

Anthraqulnone Dyes 

^Alizarin VI - — 

»Alizarin red S 

Alizarin brown 

»Acid alizarin blue SE 

»Acid alizarin blue B 

Anthracene blue WR 

■^Alizarin irisol R 

Alizarin astrol B 

Cyananthrol R 

Cyananthrol G 

♦Alizarin cyanine green 

Acid anthraqulnone violet 

»Anthraquinone blue black B 

»Acid anthraqulnone sky blue B 

Anthraqulnone blue SR 

Acid alizarin rubine 

Anthraqulnone Vat Dyes 

♦Anthraqulnone vat golden orange 0, 12j 

♦Anthraqulnone vat scarlet G, 16-2/3^ 

♦Anthraqiiinone vat dark blue BO, 25^ 

♦Vat navy blue NTP 

♦Anthraqulnone vat Jade green, 6^ 

♦Anthraqulnone vat green B and black B, 12-1/2^- 
♦Anthraqulnone vat violet 2R, 12-1/2^ 

Anthraqulnone vat violet B, 25$ 

♦Anthraqulnone vat blue RS, 10$ 

Anthraqulnone vat blue 3G, 10$ 

♦Anthraqulnone vat blue GCS, 8-1/3$ 

♦Anthraqulnone vat blue GCD, 8-1/3$- 



506. 






510. 






506, 


537. 




506, 


510, 


537. 


506, 


510, 


537. 


506, 


510, 


537. 


537. 






537. 






440. 






506, 


537. 




510. 






492, 


506, 


510, 537 


537. 






510. 







510. 
253, 403. 



253, 403, 506, 510, 537. 

253, 394, 403, 506, 510, 537, 577. 

253, 394, 403, 506, 510, 537, 577. 

253, 394, 403, 506, 510, 537. 

253, 394, 506, 510, 537. 

253, 394, 403, 506, 510, 537. 

506. 

253, 394, 403. 

253, 394, 403, 506, 510, 537. 



506, 537, 604. 

401, 457, 506, 510, 537, 604. 

440. 

506, 510, 537, 577. 

253, 288, 506, 510, 537, 577. 

253, 440, 457, 604. 

457, 510. 

253, 457. 

457. 

253, 288, 370, 440, 457, 506, 510, 537, 577, 

604. 
457, 506. 

440, 457, 506, 510, 577, 604. 
253, 457, 506, 510. 
457. 
457, 510. 



253, 
253, 
224, 
253, 
160, 
224, 
253, 
457. 
253, 
253. 
253, 
253, 



288, 457, 506, 510, 537, 577, 604. 

288, 457, 506, 510, 537, 577, 604. 

253, 457, 506, 537, 577, 604, 605. 

457, 510, 537, 577, 604, 605. 

253, 457, 506, 510, 537, 577, 604, 605. 

253, 403, 506, 510, 537, 577, 604, 605. 

457, 506, 510, 537, 577. 

510, 537, 577. 

506, 510, 537, 577. 

401, 457, 506, 510, 537, 577, 604. 



86 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE SB. --Syntheti 



chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for 
>rted. identified by manufactu 



ch United States produ 
1956- -Continued 




Mamif aoturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER— Continued 

Anthraqumone Vat D>es- -Continued 

Anthraqulnone vat yellow G, 12-1/2^ 

Anthraquinone vat yellow GK, 12-l/25t 

Anthraqulnone. vat brilliant violet RK, 12-l/25t- 

*Anthraquinone vat olive R, 12-l/25t 

"Anthraqulnone vat brown R, 12-l/2i6 

"Anthraqulnone vat brown G, 12-l/25fc 

Anthraquinone vat red violet RRN, 12-l/2!t 

Anthraquinone vat red BN, ex., 12-1/2^6 

"Anthraqulnone vat violet BN, 25!^- 

Anthraqulnone vat yellow R, 12-1/2^ 

Anthraquinone vat blue 3G, 12-l/25t 

Indigoid and Thioindigoid Dyes 

"Indigo, synthetic, 20'f, - 

Indigo, white, 20^ 

Indigotin lA 

Tribromindigo RB, 20^t 

"Bromindigo blue 2BD, 165( 

Indigo blue 6B 

Ciba pink B, 205t 

"Vat red 3B, 205t- 

"Vat orange R, IO56 

Vat fast scarlet G, 20^ 

food. Drug, and Cosnetic Dyes 
Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Colors 

"Blue #1 — 

Blue #1, aluminum lake 

"Blue #2 - — 

Green #1, #2 

Green #3 

"Orange #1 

Orange #2 

"Red #1 — 

"Red #2 — - - 

"Red #3 - - - 

Red #3, aluminum lake 

"Red #4 - - 

Red #32 - 

Violet #1 - - 

Yellow #1 

"Yellow #3, #4 - 

"Yellow #5, #6 -- 

Yellow #5, aluminum lake 

Drug and Cosmetic Colors 

Black #1 - — 

Blue#l 

Blue #i, #9 

Blue #6 

Brown #1 

Green #1, #8 - 

Green #5, #6, #7 — - 

Orange #1 

Orange #3 

"Orange #4 

Orange #5 

Orange #15, #17 - — 

Orange #16 

Red #1, #2 

Red #3 -- - — 

Red #5 - 

Red #6 - 

"Red #7, #9 — 

Red #8— 

Red #10, #11, #34, #35 - 

Red #12, #13, #36 

Red #17, #18, #28, #33, #37, #39 

"Red #19 - — - 

"Red #21 - — 

Red #22 - 

Red #27 -- 

Red #30, #31 - 



253, 


506. 














253, 


506, 


604. 












253, 


506, 


510. 












253, 


288, 


457, 


506, 


510, 


537, 


577, 


605 


253, 


457, 


506, 


510, 


537, 


577, 


605. 




253, 


260, 


506, 


537, 


577, 


605. 






253, 


506. 














506, 


577. 














253, 


457, 


506, 


510, 


577. 








224, 


253. 














506, 


604. 














252, 


253, 


506, 


510. 










457. 
















253, 


506. 














252, 


253, 


506. 












160, 


252, 


253, 


401, 


457, 


506, 


510, 


537 


510. 
















510, 


605. 














160, 


253, 


401, 


506, 


510, 


537. 






160, 


253, 


510, 


537, 


604. 








160. 

















94, 147, 


192, 


492, 


506. 


192. 








147, 192, 


492 


506 




94, 506. 








94. 








94, 147, 


192, 


352, 


506. 


506. 








147, 192, 


492 


506 




94, 147, 


192, 


352, 


492, 506 


147, 192, 


352 


492 


506. 


192. 








94, 192, 


352, 


492, 


506. 


506, 537. 








506. 








192, 492. 








192, 452, 


492 


506 




94, 147, 


192, 


352, 


492, 506 


192. 








506. 








192. 








506. 








192, 506. 








506. 








192. 








506. 








192. 








192, 506. 








192, 502, 


506 






192, 416, 


492 


502 




192, 502. 








506. 








192. 








192, 416. 








192, 506. 








502. 








192, 416, 


502 






192, 502. 








192, 502. 








192, 416, 


502 






506. 








192, 416, 


492 


502 


506. 


192, 416, 


502, 


589 




492, 506, 


589 






416, 502. 








192. 









TABLE 8B. --Syntheti 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 

sanic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States production 
reported, identified by manufacturer , /956- -Continued 



87 



Dye 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER— Continued 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Dyes—Continued 

Drug and Cosmetic Colors — Continued 



Violet #1 

Yellow #1, #10- 

*Yellow #5 

Yellow #6 

Yellow #7 

Yellow #8 

Yellow #11 



Drug and Cosmetic Dyes, External 



Blue #1 

Green #1 

Orange #1, #3 

Red #1, #8, #10, #11- 

Red #13- — 

Violet #2 

Yellow #1, #3 

Yellow #5 



DYES GROUPED BY PROTOTYPE NUMBER 



■»Acid alizarin flavine R 

Acid anthracene brown B 

*Acid anthracene brown PG 

»Aoid chrome blue 2R 

«Algol yellow GC 

«Alizarin direct blue A2G 

Alizarin direct blue AR 

»Alizarin supra blue A 

Alkali fast green ICG 

^Anthracene chromate brown EB- 

»Artificial silk black G 

*Benzo Bordeaux 6B 

»Benzo chrome black blue B 

»Benzo copper blue B 

Benzo dark brown ex 

Jf-Benzo fast black L 

*Benzo fast blue 4GL 

Benzo fast blue 8GL 

Benzo fast brown 3GL 

»Benzo red 12B 

Benzo rhoduline red B 

Benzo rhoduline red 3B 

Brilliant acid blue 3B 

^Brilliant benzo violet B 

Brilliant milling blue B 

Brilliant wool blue FFB 

♦Brilliant wool blue FFR 

Cellitazol AZ 

«Celliton orange GR 

Chlorantine fast blue 2GL 

«Chlorantine fast brown BRL--- 



^Chlorantine fast yellow 4GL 

»Chlorantine fast yellow RL 

Chrome yellow G 

Clbacete diazo black B 

Cibacete diazo black GN 

Cibacete diazo black J 

»Cibacete sapphire blue G 

Cibacete scarlet G 

Cotton black X 

Cross dye green B 

♦Diamine Bordeaux B 

Diamine catechine B 

Diamine catechine G 

♦Diamine catechine 3G 

♦Diamine fast blue FFB 

♦Diamine fast orange EG 

♦Diamine fast orange ER 

♦Diaminogen blue N2B 

♦Diazo Bordeaux 7B 

♦Diazo brilliant green 3G 

♦Diazo brilliant scarlet 2BL ex- 

♦Diazo brilliant scarlet ROA 

Diazo brovm 6G 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



192. 






192, 


506. 




192, 


416, 


502. 


192. 






192, 


416, 


492, 506 


416, 


506. 




506. 






506. 






506. 






192. 






506. 






192, 


506. 




192, 


506. 




192. 






192, 


502. 





253, 288, 401, 506, 510, 537. 

510, 577. 

70, 253, 288, 329, 401, 506, 510, 577, 604. 

506, 510, 577. 

160, 253, 401, 457, 506, 510, 537, 577, 604. 

457, 506, 510, 537, 577. 

506, 510. 

61, 253, 288, 401, 506, 510, 537, 577. 

506, 510. 

253, 288, 329, 506, 510, 537, 577. 

453, 506, 510, 577. 

506, 510, 577, 604. 

253, 265, 506, 510, 577, 604. 

265, 453, 506, 510. 

510. 

253, 265, 506, 510, 577, 604. 

253, 265, 288, 401, 506, 510. 

253, 401. 

506, 510. 

253, 265, 506. 

510, 577. 

265, 506, 510. 

506, 604. 

253, 506, 510, 577, 604. 

253, 506, 510. 

506. 

253, 506, 510. 

510, 604. 

253, 390, 430, 510, 577, 604. 

577. 

191, 253, 329, 401, 447, 453, 506, 510, 577, 

604. 
191, 224, 253, 401, 453, 506, 510, 577. 
265, 447, 577. 
506, 537. 
253, 577. 
577. 
577. 

510, 577, 604. 
430. 

329, 604, 
506, 510, 537. 

253, 265, 329, 506, 510, 604. 
253, 506. 
253, 506, 604. 
253, 506, 510, 604. 

253, 265, 288, 401, 453, 506, 510, 577. 
253, 288, 394, 506, 510, 537, 577. 
253, 288, 394, 510, 537. 
253, 265, 401, 453, 510, 577. 
253, 288, 401, 506, 510, 577, 604. 
253, 401, 506, 510, 577. 
253, 288, 401, 506, 510, 577. 
401, 506, 510, 604. 
506, 510. 



88 



TABLE SB. -Synthetic 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

rganic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States 
reported , identified by manufacturer , 1956- -Continued 



Colour 
Index or 

proto- 
type No. 




Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



DTffiS GROUPED BY ffiOTOTYEE NUMBER— Continued 

Diazo brown NR 

Diazo brovra 3RB 

«Diazo fast red 5BL 

«Diazo fast red 7BL 

Diazo indigo blue AGL 

Diazo indigo blue ^iRL 

Diazo rubine B 

Diazo sky blue B 

Diazo sky blue 3GL 

Fast mordant blue B 

Fast scarlet 2G base 

*Fast scarlet 2G salt 

Sirius supra brown 3R 

Sirius supra gray R 

Sirius supra orange 5G 

Sirius supra yellow 5G 

^Guinea carmine B 

«Guinea fast red BL 

Guinea fast red 4BL 

Helindon fast scarlet B 

Helindon fast scarlet G 

Helindon pink B ex 

«Helindon pink R ex 

Indanthrene Irilliant orange RK 

»Indanthrene trown BR 

»Indanthrene brown RRD 

»Indajithrene khaki 2G 

^Indanthrene rubine R 

Indanthrene yellow brown 30 

Indo carbon CL 

Katigen chrome blue 5G 

Metachrome red G 

Milling orange G 

■"Milling yellow H5G 

Milling yellow 

Naphthol blue black S 

Neolan black WA - 

»Neolan blue GG 

Neolan Bordeaux R 

Neolan orange R 

Oxydiaminogen OB 

»Paper red A ex 

Polar orange GS 

Polar orange R 

Rapidogen blue BN 

»Rapidogen blue D 

«Rapidogen Bordeaux R 

Rapidogen brown GN 

*Rapidogen red GS 

»Rapidogen red ES 

•Rapidogen scarlet RS 

•Rapidogen yellow G 

*Rosanthrene fast Bordeaux 2BL 

•Rosanthrene orange R 

Sudan brown 53 

Sudan red BB 

Sulphon orange G 

•Sulphon yellow R 

Supra light rubine BL 

Suprajnine black BR 

Suprainine blue R 

Supramine Bordeaux B 

Supramine brown R 

Supramine red 3B 

Supramine red 2G 

Supramine yellow R 

•Victoria fast violet 2R ex 

•Victoria pure blue B 

Victoria violet 

Zambesi black D 

Zambesi black V 

Acid anthracene brown KE 

•Alizarin fast gray BBLW 

Alizarin supra sky blue R 

Alphanol brown B 

Amido naphthol brown 3G 

Anthralan red B-CF 

Azosol fast orange G 



510 














253 


288, 


506. 










253 


288, 


401, 


506, 


604. 






510 














510 














401 


510. 












510 














510 














506 














253 


492, 


506, 


510, 


604. 






401 


492, 


604, 


605. 








510 














191 


510. 












510 














506 


510. 












253 


510, 


577. 










253 


288, 


506, 


510, 


577. 






253 


506, 


510. 










604 














253 


604. 












537 














160 


253, 


506, 


510, 


537, 


604. 




253 


288, 


506, 


510, 


515, 


577, 


604. 


160 


253, 


457, 


506, 


510, 


537, 


577, 604, 605 


160 


253, 


401, 


510, 


537, 


577, 


604. 


253 


457, 


506, 


510. 








253 


457, 


506, 


510, 


577, 


605. 




506 














403 


510. 












510 














70, 


440. 












604 














401 


506, 


510, 


577, 


604. 






506 


510. 












506 














506 


510, 


577. 










253 


288, 


401, 


430, 


506, 


510, 


537, 577, 604 


288 


401, 


577. 










253 


506, 


577. 










191 
6 


265, 
V,. 


288, 


329, 


401, 


453, 


506, 510, 577 


253 


506, 


510, 


577. 








577 














506 


510, 


577. 










265 


510. 












253 


265, 


401, 


510. 








265 


401, 


510. 










401 


510. 












160 


253, 


265, 


401, 


430, 


506, 


510, 537. 


160 


253, 


265, 


401, 


430, 


510, 


537. 


160 


253, 


265, 


401, 


430, 


506, 


510, 537. 


160 


265, 


401, 


430, 


510, 


537, 


604. 


253 


288, 


401, 


506, 


510, 


577, 


604. 


253 


401, 


506, 


510, 


577. 






510 














510 














510 


604. 












288 


401, 


510, 


537, 


577, 


604. 




506 


510. 












510 














510 














510 














604 














510 


604. 












510 














401 


510. 












253 


506, 


510, 


537. 








253 


355, 


492, 


510. 








577 














506 


510, 


577. 










253 


453, 


506, 


577. 








401 


510. 












253 


288, 


457, 


506, 


510, 


537, 


577. 


401 


506, 


510. 










510 














510 














510 














510 















SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



89 



TABLE 8B. -Synthetic organic chemicets: Coal-tar dyes for which United States production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer , J956- -Continued 



Colour 
Index or 

proto- 
type No. 



Dye 



213 
215 
216 
217 
218 
222 
223 
2ai 
227 
228 
229 
230 
231 
232 
23A 
235 
236 
237 
238 
239 

2<;o 

241 

242 

243 

244 

245 

246 

247 

249 

250 

251 

252 

253 

254 

255 

257 

258 

258 

259 

260 

260 

261 

264 

264 

265 

265 

266 

267 

269 

269 

270 

270 

271 

271 

272 

272 

273 

273 

274 

274 

275 

276 

277 

278 

285 

288 

289 

290 

291 

292 
293 
295 
296 
298 
299 
300 
301 
302 



DXES GROUPED BY PROTOTYPE NUMBER— Continued 

Azosol fast red 3B 

AzoBOl fast yellow CGG 

Azosol fast yellow GR 

Benzo fast Bordeaux 6BL 

Benzo fast brown KL 

Brilliant indocyanine 6B-CF 

^Brilliant indocyanine G 

Brilliant sulpho flavine FFA 

Celliton fast blue FR 

•»Celliton fast blue FFR 

Celliton fast blue green B 

■KCelliton fast brown 3R 

Celliton fast brown 5R 

Celliton fast navy blue B 

«Celliton fast pink B 

«Celliton fast pink fT3B 

»Celliton fast red GG 

«Celliton fast red violet RN 

«Celliton fast rubine B 

•Celliton fast rubine 3B 

Celliton fast violet B 

»Celliton fast violet 6B 

•Celliton fast yellow G 

Celliton fast yellow RH 

•Celliton scarlet B 

•Celliton yellow 5G 

•Chlorantine fast red 5BRL 

Chrome fast orange 3RL 

Dianil yellow 5G 

Diazo brown 3R 

•Diazo fast yellow 2G 

Diazo fast yellow 3G 

Erio chrome brown DKL 

Erio chrome olive BL 

Fast black B salt 

Fast black LB base 

•Fast blue BB base 

Fast blue BB salt 

Fast Bordeaux BD salt 

•Fast Bordeaux GP base 

•Fast Bordeaux GP salt 

Fast corinth V salt 

•Fast orange GC base 

•Fast orange GC salt 

Fast orange GH base 

•Fast orange GR salt 

Fast orange RD salt 

•Fast red AL salt 

•Fast red 3GL base 

•Fast red 3GL salt 

•Fast red KB base 

•Fast red KB salt 

•Fast red RC base 

•Fast red HC salt 

Fast red RL base 

Fast red RL salt 

Fast red TR base 

•Fast red TR salt 

Fast violet B base 

Fast violet B salt 

Fast yellow GC salt 

•Sirius supra orange GG ; 

Sirius supra red violet RL 

•Sirius supra turquoise blue GL 

Immedial new blue FBL ex 

•Indanthrene brilliant violet 3B 

•Indanthrene direct black RB 

•Indanthrene golden orange 3G 

•Indanthrene golden yellow GK 



•Indanthrene golden yellow RK— 
•Indanthrene olive green B 

Indanthrene printing black BL- 
•Indanthrene red FEB 

Metomega chrome brown RLL 

iMonochrome black blue G 

Monochrome red FG 

Monochrome violet FB 

•Naphthol AS 



Manufacturers' Identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



510. 

510. 

510. 

510. 

506. 

506, 510. 

506, 510, 577. 

506, 510. 

430, 510, 577, 604. 

390, 430, 440, 443, 506, 510, 577, 604. 

253, 430, 506, 510, 604. 

443, 510, 604. 

510. 

604. 

430, 506, 577, 604. 

253, 430, 510, 604. 

253, 430, 510, 604. 

253, 390, 430,' 506, 510, 577, 604. 

253, 430, 510, 604. 

253, 390, 430, 443, 506, 510, 577, 604. 

510. 

253, 430, 510, 604. 

253, 390, 430, 443, 506, 510, 577, 604. 

510. 

253, 390, 430, 443, 506, 510, 577, 604. 

430, 443, 510, 604. 

191, 253, 265, 288, 401, 453, 506, 510, 604. 

401, 510. 

506, 510. 

510. 

401, 506, 510. 

510. 

506, 510, 577. 

506, 577. 

401, 506. 

510. 

492, 510, 596, 604. 

401, 430, 510, 596. 

510. 

253, 492, 506, 510, 604, 605. 

401, 492, 506, 510, 604, 605. 

510. 

510, 604, 605. 

492, 506, 510, 596, 604, 605. 

510. 

492, 506, 604, 605. 

492, 506, 510, 604. 

401, 492, 506, 510, 596, 604. 

253, 492, 506, 604. 

401, 492, 510, 596, 604, 605. 

253, 265, 492, 506, 510, 537, 596, 604. 

510, 596, 604. 

492, 510, 604, 605. 

510, 604, 605. 

401, 492, 510. 

401, 447, 492, 510. 

605. 

401, 506, 510, 596, 604, 605. 

430, 492, 510, 596. 

401, 492, 510. 

492, 510. 

253, 288, 510. 

253, 510. 

61, 191, 253, 288, 401, 430, 506, 510, 604. 

510. 

253, 510, 577. 

506, 510, 577. 

253, 457, 506, 510, 537, 577, 604, 605. 

160, 253, 288, 401, 457, 506, 510, 537, 577, 

604. 
160, 288, 401, 457, 506, 510. 
253, 457, 506, 510, 537, 577, 604, 605. 
506, 510. 
506, 510, 577. 
577. 

253, 288, 401, 506, 510, 577. 
510. 
510. 

253, 371, 401, 492, 506, 510, 515, 537, 604, 
X. 



90 



TABLE 8B.--Syntheti 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

^anic chemicals : Coat-tar dyes for which United States production 
reported, identified hy manufacturer , 1956- -Continued 




Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



DIES GROUPED BY PROTOTYPE NUMBER— Continued 

»Naphthol AS-BO 

»Naphthol AS-BR 

*Naphthol AS-BS - 

»Naphthol AS-D 

Naphthol AS-DB 

Naphthol AS-E 

»Naphthol AS-G 

Naphthol AS-ITH 

»Naphthol AS-OL 

»Naphthol AS-RL — - 

»Naphthol AS-SW 

Naphthol AS-TR- 

»Neolan orange G 

*Neolan yellow GR 

Omega chrome yellow ME 

Palatine fast blue BN 

Palatine fast blue RRN 

»Palatine fast green BLN 

*Palatine fast marine blue REN 

Palatine fast orange RJJ 

»Palatine fast pink BN 

Palatine fast red HH 

Palatine fast violet 3RN 

Palatine fast violet 5RN 

»Palatine fast yellow ELN 

Pluto black G 

Pyrazol fast orange GL 

Rapid fast orange RH 

Rapidogen black M3 

Rapidogen black brown IT 

»Rapidogen blue N 

Rapidogen blue R 

Rapidogen brown IB 

*Rapidogen brown IFI 

Rapidogen golden yellow R 

Rapidogen green B 

Rapidogen orange G 

»Rapidogen orange R 

Rapidogen red violet RH 

»Rapidogen violet B 

Rapidogen yellow G 

Rapidogen yellow 2G 

Variamine blue BD salt 

Variamine blue RT salt 

Acid chrome red B 

Alizarin rubinol 3G 

Benzochrome brown B 

Benzochrome brown G 

Benzo fast heliotrope RKL 

Brilliant benzo fast violet BL 

Brilliant benzo green B 

Celliton brilliant yellow FF 

Celliton fast pink RF 

Chrome leather fast black S 

«Cotonerol 

Diamond black P2B 

Diazo brilliant scarlet 5BLN 

Fast red ITR base 

»Fast red ITR salt 

■»Sirius supra gray VGL 

»Indanthrene orange 4-R 

Janus black G 

Naphthol AS-BG — 

Naphthol AS-GR -- 

Naphthol AS-LB 

Naphthol AS-SG— 

Neolan pink B 

Neolan red GRE 

Neolan violet brown B 

Oxamine brilliant red B 

Palatine fast claret BN 

Para brown V 

Rapidogen red ITR 

Rapidogen scarlet IL 

Rosanthrene Bordeaux R 



371, 510, 596, tOA. 

492, 506, 510, 604. 

265, 371, 492, 506, 510, 515, 537, 596, 
., X. 

253, 265, 371, 401, 492, 506, 510, 515, 
?, 596, 604. 

506, 510. 

371, 492, 506, 510, 537, 604. 

371, 492, 510, 596, 604. 

253, 265, 371, 401, 492, 506, 510, 537, 
i, 604. 

492, 510, 596, 604. 

253, 371, 492, 506, 510, 537, 604. 

371, 506, 510, 604. 

401, 430, 510, 577. 

288, 401, 430, 506, 510, 577. 



506, 510, 577. 
401, 430, 506. 



3, 401, 430, 510, 537, 577. 



537. 

401, 430, 453, 506, 510, 577. 



510. 
510. 
401, 430, 510, 537. 

510. 

401, 510. 
537. 



265, 401, 430, 510. 
265, 401, 510. 



265, 510, 537. 
596. 



510. 

506, 510, 604. 

510. 

510. 

510. 

265, 288, 401, 430, 453, 506, 510, 577, 



401, 506, 510. 

492, 510, 596. 

492, 510, 596. 
506, 510. 

506, 510, 537. 

510, 604. 



492, 510, 604. 

577. 

577. 



510, 577. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



91 



TABLE 8B. -iSynt/ietic organic chem 
reported t 



cats: Coal-tar dyes for which United States product ion or : 
identified by manufacture^- , 1956 - -Cont inued 




408 
409 
411 
412 
413 
416 
417 
418 
420 
421 
422 
423 
424 
425 
426 
427 
428 
429 
430 
432 

433 

434 

435 

436 

438 

442 

■443 

446 

447 

448 

4^9 

430 

451 

452 

453 

456 

457 

458 

459 

460 

461 

462 

463 

467 

468 

469 

470 

471 

472 

474 

484 

4,85 

487 

488 

489 

490 

491 

492 
493 
494 
495 

498 
498 
499 
501 
501 
503 
505 
506 
507 
508 
509 
511 
513 
514 
515 
516 



Acid chrome blue 3G 
Algol scarlet B 
Anthracene navy blue BR- 
Azo rubinol 3GP 
Azosol fast blue HL— 
Benzo fast gray BL- 
Brilliant congo blue BFL 
Brilliant wool blue G 
Celliton fast yellow 7G 
Ghlorantine fast Bordeaux 2B 
Chlorantine fast Bordeaux BLL 
Ghlorantine fast brown 8RLL--- 

Chlorantine fast gray RLN 

Ghlorantine fast green BLL 

Chlorantine fast orange T4RLL' 
Chlorantine fast orange T5RLL 

«Chlorantine fast red 6BLL 

«Chlorantine Cast violet 5BL-- 

Chlorantine fast violet RLL-- 

«Chlorazol blue 5GKS 



Derma brown G 

Derma brown R 

Diazanll orange RR 

Diazo brilliant blue 2BL 

Diazo fast Bordeaux FBL 

Fast scarlet TR base 

«Sirius light blue FBGL 

Indanthrene orange F3R 

Indanthrene red brown R 

Indanthrene red brown 5RF 

Indanthrene scarlet R 

Indanthrene yellow FFRK 

Indanthrene yellow GF 

Indanthrene yellow 3R 

Kiton fast red 4BLN 

Metomega chrome brown 3GL 

Metomega chrome orange ML 

Metomega chrome red GM 

Monochrome olive FBBL 

Naphthol AS-LC 

Naphthochrome violet R 

Neolan blue 2R 

Neolan orange GRE 

Rapldogen golden yellow IFG 

Rapidogen red IGG 

Rapidogen yellow 14G 

Diphenyl fast blue green BL 

Sudan red GG 

Sudan yellow GRN 

Supramine yellow 3GL 

Chromoxane "brilliant violet SB- 
Alizarin light blue 4GL 

Azosol fast black M 

Azosol fast red BE 

Brilliant indo blue 5GL 

Chloramine fast orange 2RN 

•Chlorantine fast violet 2RL 



Cloth fast yellow 5G 

Diazo brilliant scarlet BA— 
Diazo brilliant scarlet ROL- 

Dlazo fast yellow 3GLL 

Fast blue RR base 

Fast blue RR salt 

Fast oorinth LB salt 

»Fast red PDC base 

»Fast red PDC salt 

•Indanthrene red violet RRN-- 

•Naphthol AS-LG— 

Naphthol AS-LT 

Neolan Bordeaux BE 

Neolan Bordeaux RM 

Neolan red BRE 

Rapidogen corinth IB 

Xylene fast orange PO 

Acid alizarin black RGW 

Acid leather brown EGB 

Alizarin saphirol WSA 



510. 

510. 

510. 

577. 

510. 

506. 

506, 510. 

506. 

510. 

191, 506. 

191, 506. 

253, 506. 

506. 

253, 506, 510, 577. 

506, 577. 

506. 

253, 288, 401, 453, 506, 510, 577, 604. 

253, 506, 577. 

506. 

191, 253, 265, 401, 447, 453, 506, 510, 537, 

577, 604. 
577. 
577. 

253, 510. 
506, 510. 
510. 
510. 

191, 265, 390, 401, 453, 506, 510, 537, 577. 
506. 
604. 

253, 506, 510. 
506, 510. 
506. 
506. 
253. 

401, 577. 
577. 

506, 577. 
577. 
510. 

371, 510. 
506, 510. 
506, 577. 
577. 

265, 510. 
265. 

265, 510. 
506, 577. 
510. 

506, 510. 
506, 510. 
510. 

253, 506, 577. 
510. 
510. 
510. 
577. 
191, 224, 253, 265, 288, 401, 447, 453, 506, 

510, 577. 
506, 577. 
253. 
510. 
577. 
510. 
510. 

492, 510. 

492, 510, 596, 604. 
401, 492, 510, 596, 604. 
160, 253, 506, 510. 
160, 510, 596, 604. 
510. 
577. 
577. 
577. 
510. 
506. 
577. 
510. 
253, 510. 



92 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

TABLE 8B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States production 
reported, identified by manufacturer , 19 J6- -Continued 




Manufacturers' Identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



DYES GROUPED BY PROTOTYPE NUMBER— Continued 

Azosol fast yellow R 

Buffalo black 3G 

Calcofast spirit orange RN 

Calcofast wool orange RN 

Caledon dark blue G 

«Cellitazol AZN 

Chloramine copper blue 3G 

Chloramine copper blue AG 

Chlorantine fast yellow 2GLL 

^Chrome fast green G 

Diaminogen blue NA 

Diazo fast green GF 

Diazo fast violet BL 

Dipyrazo scarlet RP 

»Dlrect chlnoline 

Durazol fast blue 3HS 

Durazol fast orange R 

^Eastman fast yellow GLF 

Eastone blue BGF - 

Erie fast rubine B 

Fast brown salt VA 

Fluorol 5G 

Guinea brown RD 

Innnedial black brown A 

»Indanthrene olive T 

Interchem acetate orange AR 

Leather brown 5RTX 

Ltixol brilliant green BL 

Luxol fast blue MBS 

Naphthol AS-L3G - 

»Napbthol AS-MX. - 

»Naphthol AS-PH - - 

Naphthol AS-RC - - 

Neolan dark green B 

Neolan navy blue RLG 

Neutral brown RX 

Permanent red 2B, sodium salt 

»Pontamine black AWG 

Pontamine diazo brown R 

Pontamine diazo orange 

Pontamine diazo orange 3G 

»Pontamine navy blue DB 

Rapidogen black 3G 

Rapidogen blue PEN 

Sirius supra brown 5G 

Sirius supra brown 3RL 

Sirius supra orange RRL 

Sirius supra scarlet GG 

«Solantine orange AG 

Supranol brown 3GL 

Variamine blue FG salt 

»Sirius supra yellow R ex 

Acid anthracene brown TBL 

Bixamine fast blue AGLL 

Calcogene direct blue GNCF 

Capracyl orange R 

Capracyl red B 

Capracyl violet R 

Carbanthrene gray GFL 

Chlorantine fast blue 3GLL 

Coprantine black brown S 

Erio fast orange F 

Flavine AG 

Vat yellow PGA 

Metomega chrome cyanlne BLL 

Naphthol AS-KB- - • 

Neolan brown R 

Nyafonn blue 2B 

Polar red brown V 

Rapidogen black IT 

Sirius light violet BL 

Sudan black BT 

Superlitefast blue GL 

»Superlitefast blue 8GLN 

*Superlitefast blue RL 

Viscolan black B 

Indanthrene black brown VA 



537. 
510, 537. 



506. 

443, 506, 510, 577, 604. 



253, 506, 577. 
506. 
510. 
506. 
506. 
510, 537. 



443, 506, 604. 
506. 



260, 288, 457, 506, 510, 537, 577, 60;, 

390, 430. 
510. 
510. 
506. 

265, 371, 510, 596, 604. 

253, 265, 371, 492, 510, 596, 604. 

510. 



506, 577. 

506, 604. 
401, 510. 
288, 506, 577. 

329, 453, 537, 577. 

265, 510. 

510. 



401, 453, 506, 537, 577. 
510. 



224, 253, 265, 288, 401, 430, 453, 506, 
), 577. 



605. 

492, 510, 604. 

453, 506. 

510. 



453, 506. 
537, 577. 
265, 430, AAV, 453, 506, 510, 537. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



93 



TABLE 8B. --Syntheti 



organic chemicals: Coat'tai 
reported, identified by 



dyes for which United States product ion or sales were 
manufacturer , 1956- -Continued 




Manufacturers ' Identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



DYES GROUPED BY PROTOTYPE NUMBEH--Continued 



Interohem acetate yellow GSF- 

Fast bro\m 3RLL 

Fast orange LLLWF 

Fast yellow EFC 



UNGROUPED DYES 

•Acetate rayon dyes:'"' 

•Black, B, EC, 3G, GGN, GS, GY, JRW, LNB, MPB, 

NC, PL, RB, SS.^ 
•Blue AB-7, A8-i5, B, 2B, BG, OR, FSI, G, 2G, 
GBN, GFD, 3G-GFD, 5G-GFD, GLF, GLT, GP, GR, 
GSF, GSFR, GSS, LWGF, MJ, NBN, NBNJ, NSP, 
2R, AR, RB, RBN, 3RL, SS, WNBN.^ 

Brown #8, JG, R 

Gray NBN 

Khaki ODA 

•Navy blue BP, BR, EC, LB, MG, NVY, R, RG* 

Orange FSI, GI£, GR, GRN, I, R, 2R, 3R' 

Pink 3B-GLF- 

•Red VI-X, B, 2B, 3B, 2B-GLF, ABLL, C. FSI, G, 
GLF, GSF, NB, N-GLF, R, RP, Y, YP/ 

•Scarlet III, B, FS, GSF'' 

Violet 303, 7BC, BGF, BN, DAC, 2R, 3R-GLF, 
5RLF.^ 
•Yellow DC, XI, #91, CW, FSI, 3G, 5G, 8-GLF, 

gr, m, n, r, 5r, r-gfd, 2r-glf, a«l, 4rla, 
-;rlf, rn, w-glf, yl.' 

Acid alizarin Bordeaux BLT 

Acid alizarin brcuvn RLL 

•Acid black AR, 4B, GRF, N, NRB, RB 

•Acid blue, B, BRL, G, L, NB, R 

Acid Bordeaux GRL 

Acid brilliant green 

Acid brilliant pink 3B 

Acid brilliant yellow 3GL 

•Acid brown BL, CRTA, ITGA, M-130, NY, PCMA, RD, 
2RL. 

Acid citron 

Acid dark brown B 

Acid fast black RWL 

Acid fast blue 5RNA 

Acid fast Bordeaux 2BWL 

Acid fast brilliant crimson RB 

Acid fast brown CGS 

Acid fast green 2GWL 

Acid fast light yellow #25806 

Acid fast navy BWL 

Acid fast orange GLW, LW 

Acid fast red 5BWL, G 

Acid fast scarlet GWL 

Acid gray BL, G 

Acid green B 

Acid leather brown 

Acid milling orange AR 

Acid milling scarlet 3G 

Acid na'/y blue 

•Acid orange R, 2R, RL 

Acid red B, 2B, 3B, G, GB, RB, 3RB 

Acid rose G 

Acid ruby PL 

Acid sapphire G 

Acid scarlet G, GN 

Acid supranyl black GRN 

Acid supranyl blue AGN 

Acid supranyl gray 2BN 

Acid supranyl green SGN 

Acid supranyl orange RN 

Acid supranyl red SPN 

Acid supranyl yellow 2GN 

•Acid violet BD, R, 2R, 3RL, RNL 

Acid yellow FGL, 3G, 6G, GL, GW, NR, NW, 3RD— 

Alizarin blue GS 

Alizarin brilliant blue R 

Alizarin levelling blue 2R 

Alizarin sapphire UM 

Alizarin violet NRR 

Alphazurine B 

Anthracene chrome brown RL 



430. 
447. 
447. 
447. 



253, 329, 430, 443, 577, 604. 
253, 430, 443, 506, 510, 604. 



430, 443, 604. 

604. 

443. 

253, 430, 443, 604. 

253, 329, 443, 506, 604; 

443. 

253, 329, 430, 443, 506, 577, 604. 



253, 329, 430, 604. 
253, 430, 443, 510. 



191, 253, 430, 4^3, 510, 604. 



510. 

510. 

253, 506, 604. 

253, 401, 510, 577, 604. 

577. 

510. 

253. 

577. 

253, 510, 577. 

401. 

253. 

191. 

510. 

191. 

506. 

253. 

191. 

401. 

191. 

191, 604. 

191. 

191. 

506, 510, 577. 

253. 

537. 

537. 

604. 

537. 

253, 

253, 

401. 

253. 

447. 

401. 

191. 

191. 

191. 

191. 

191. 

191. 

191. 

70, 

253, 

506. 

604. 

604. 

506. 

506. 

506. 

440. 



401, 577. 
401, 506. 



253, 329, 4^0, 506. 
401, 510, 577. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



94 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 6B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States producti 
reported, identified by manufacturer , 1956 --Continued 




Manufacturers ' Identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



UNGROUPED DYES— Continued 

Anthraqulnone blue EGA, 3G, 2GA, RA 

Anthraquinone brilliant violet 3R 

Anthraquinone milling blue BL 

Anthraquinone vat black 2G, J, R 

Anthraquinone Vat black brown VA 

Anthraquinone vat blue BCL 

Anthraquinone vat blue green 3B, Y 

Anthraquinone vat brilliant red B 

Anthraquinone vat brilliant yellow 3G, AG, 5G- 

Anthraquinone vat brown BN, NR, VR 

Anthraquinone vat copper brown 

Anthraquinone vat direct black 3G, 3GA 

Anthraquinone vat fast yellow 

Anthraquinone vat gray 2G, GNF, N, R 

Anthraquinone vat navy blue VH 

Anthraquinone vat olive G, 2GL 

Anthraquinone vat printing black GR, PG, R 

Anthraquinone vat red TO, RL, RRB 

Anthraquinone vat red brown N, RB 

Anthraquinone vat scarlet 2G, 3GA, GL 

Anthraquinone vat supra black AP 

Anthraquinone vat supra dark brown BVA, FCA--' 

Anthraquinone vat supra gray BR 

Anthraquinone vat yellow GL, 5GLL, LN, PQ 

Anthraquinone violet A 

Aviation blue — — 

Azo cereeine B 

Azo eosine 2B 

Azo fast yellow 5GN 

Azo oil black B 

»Azoic dyes and their components:^" 
Dyes, rapidogen: 

Black A, 2B, BF, EM, FOR, I, J, JN, MR 

Blue B, 2B, GFC, 2GL ■ 

Bordeaux AF, MR 

Brilliant red 

Brown BR, D, HDG, I, IPR, PC, PKB, Y, YF- 

Dark brown AR 

Golden yellow MRS 

Gray R 

Navy blue FKR, GA 

Orange FFR, MG 

Red AS, B, 2B, 3B, FB, FFBB, GFC, GNBB, 
GNNHD, KB, KBS, LBB, RC, RNHD, S. 

Scarlet 2G, RR, SFC, SNNHD 

Violet BN • 

Yellow AGL, GFA, GGN, GR, RNA 

Components : 

Fast color bases: 

Garnet GBCP 

Red FB 

Stabilized blue, red, scarlet, violet — 
Fast color salts: 

Black GO, RBN 

Garnet GBC 

Fur dyes: 

Fur #2, B, BCA, NZA, NZF 

FuBion 

Naphthols : 

Naphthol AS-BB - — 

Naphthol AS-BC— • 

Naphthol AS-BN - 

Naphthol AS-EL - • 

Naphthol AS-KB - 

Naphthol AS-UG 

Naphthol AS-P • 

Naphthol AS-PN ■ 

Naphthol AS-RL-P • 

Naphthol AS-RR 

Naphthol AS-ST- - - 

Naphthol AS-SW-P 

Azosol brilliant blue B 

Azosol fast brilliant red BN 

Azosol fast yellow GT 

Basic blue B, 2G, 5G 

Basic blue black BA 

Basic brilliant red B, 3B, <VG 

Basic green B 

Basic orange G, L 



253. 
253. 
253. 

506, 537. 

288, 510. 

510. 

253, 510. 

253. 

253, 510. 

253, 506. 

537. 

253, 506, 510. 

537. 

253, 510, 537. 

253. 

253, 506. 

506, 604. 

253. 

253. 

253, 510. 

604. 

604. 

604. 

253, 537, 604. 

253. 

537. 

537. 

253. 

510. 

506. 



265, 401, 510, 596. 
401, 492. 
265, 401. 



253, 

224, 

253, 

401. 

265, 401, 510. 

253. 

253. 

401. 

510. 

253, 510. 

253, 265, 401, 430, 4-92, 510, 537. 

401, 492. 

510. 

253, 401, 510. 



596. 
191. 
596. 

401. 
596. 



265, 510. 

265. 

510. 

492. 

160, 371, 492, 510, 596. 

604. 

492. 

537. 

492. 

510. 

510. 

492. 

510. 

510. 

510. 

253. 

510. 

253. 

253. 

253. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 

TABLE 8B. --.Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States producti 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1956--Continued 



95 



Dye 



UNGROUPED DrES--Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



Basic phosphine 2GR 

Basic pink 3G 

Basic red GL, L 

Basic yellow 5GF, L, R, 3RL 

Benzo fast copper yellow 2GL 

Blancophor AW 

Blue 8GLN, LBLL, LF, UGLL 

Brilliant blue B 

Brilliant cyanine green 5G 

Brilliant oil blue BAA 

Canary lake yellow PL 

Carbanthrene gray BFN 

Celliton yellow 6D 

Chlorantine fast green 5GLL 

Chromate brown R, RL 

Chrome black 3G 

Chrome brown B 

Chrome cyanine BLL 

Chrome flavine GA 

Chrome garnet GRW 

Chrome gray BL 

Chrome green B, BL 

Chrome orange LC, 3R 

Chrome soga yellow A 

«Chrc(me yellow 2GN, GRR, SW 

Cloth red Y - 

Developed orange DD, WD 

Developed scarlet GFW 

Developer assistant RPN 

Diazo brilliant scarlet GGA 

Diazo brown R 

Diazo fast orange GL 

Diazo orange LGA 

Diazophen red BTB 

Diazophen yellow BTP 

Diazo scarlet RP 

»Direct black CW, 5G, 3GR, HH, NV, 20B, RCW, 
SBJ. 
Direct blue BFL, 12BLL, 16BLL, DB, G, 8GLN, 
8GUF, NR, 2R, 2RCF, 3RCF, RDW, RG, 2RLCF, 
RLU, 2RW, SFBL, 3ST, VRS. 

Direct blue green CW 

Direct Bordeaux KLFR 

Direct brilliant brown S 

Direct brilliant rayon blue J 

Direct brilliant scarlet GLR 

Direct brilliant violet 4B, R— — 

»Direct brown #230, BY, CH, DB, DW, FF, GB, 
3GS, KRS, R, RB, 4RL, RRF, RRK, RY. 

Direct cardinal WF 

Direct oatechlne 2BAC 

Direct developed garnet RD 

Direct diazo blue 3G, 6G, 5GL 

Direct diazo green BL, aGL 

Direct diazo orange G, GR, N, WD 

Direct diazo scarlet R, RN 

Direct diazo violet BL, RR 

Direct diazo yellow 2GL 

Direct fast black #667, CAN, LSE 

•Direct fast blue BFL, BLL, BRN, CEL, 8G, 4GLR, 
LBFU, LBGL, LBL, LBR, L5GA, L5R, JE., NPC, RL, 
3RL, UGLL. 

Direct fast blue green BLUC 

Direct fast brilliant blue LWN 

•Direct fast brown BCL, CS, LBT, LLC, R, -iR, RL, 

2RL, 4RL, RLL, SKRL, 3YL. 
•Direct fast gray #3^4749, BL, GL, 2GL, 3GL, 
LBUL, LGL, LWBG. 

Direct fast green 2B 

Direct fast navy BG, LW2B, RL 

•Direct fast orange 2GL, L8GL, LWF, 3LWF, MAR, R 

Direct fast red 8BNL, RLF, RLL, WL 

Direct fast rubine LBL, WL 

Direct fast scarlet 5BS 

Direct fast violet CR, LBD, R 

•Direct fast yellow EFC, 5G, AGLP, LLR, L-2RX- 

Dlrect garnet RB 

Direct gray CRLL, 2GFL, GL, 3LUF, LVl, UFLL 

•Direct green FFW, 5GSC, Y 



-iOl. 

510. 

253. 

253, 510. 

510. 

510. 

-153. 

253. 

457. 

506. 

506. 

506. 

510. 

577. 

288, 440. 

506. 

506. 

577. 

510. 

70. 

440. 

70, 506. 

506, 537. 

510. 

70, 253, 506. 

577. 

506. 

506. 

510. 

510. 

577. 

577. 

510. 

537. 

537. 

577. 

191, 329, 447, 577. 

401, 430, 447, 506, 537. 



506. 










447. 










506. 










447. 










191. 










537, 


604. 








191, 


401, 


447, 


506, 


537, 604 


447. 










506. 










604. 










253. 










253. 










253. 










253. 










253. 










253. 










191. 










191, 


253, 


265, 


288, 


510. 


191. 










191. 










191, 


253, 


506, 


577, 


604. 


191, 


253, 


288, 


506, 


510. 


265. 










191, 


265. 








191, 


253, 


506, 


510, 


577. 


191, 


253, 


329. 






191, 


329. 








401. 










191, 


506. 








191, 


253, 


401, 


506, 


577. 


506. 










401, 


447, 


537. 






253, 


447, 


537. 







96 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 8B.- -Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States produ 
reported, identifiedbymanafacturer, 7956- -Continued 



UNGROUPED DYES--Continued 

Direct indigo blue 

Direct Jet black 

Direct lumisol blue GIS, RL 

Direct lumisol gray G 

Direct lumisol red 3BIW 

Direct lumisol rublne WLKS 

Direct lumisol violet ARL 

Direct maroon LFVS 

Direct navy BR, CW, LN 

Direct olive green BLN 

Direct orange #25206, BD, BRS, DB, 60, GFL, 
GRN, LR, RNC, RT, RXA, UF2G. 

Direct red 9B, 8BLN, 3BW, G, Z 

Direct royal blue L, S 

Direct rabine B, BE, G, S, WLKS 

Direct silk blue NR 

Direct supra blue FBLL, 7GL, GLF 

Direct supra rubine BBL 

Direct turquoise B, 8GL 

Direct violet B, 0, R, 2R, RC 

♦Direct white, B, 4B, CN, DPS, DS-86, GG, GO, 
HS-76, K, LD, MR, M2H, PAB, 2R, RN, RW, RWS, 
SB, SO, WAIE, WCN. 

Direct wine WF 

Direct yellow DW, ELF, G, GR, S, S5GP— 

Discharge yellow DLW 

Euohrysine 3GA, 3RXA 

Fast acid orange RW 

Fast black G 

Fast Bordeaux BN, RB 

Fast brown FN, MF 

Fast crimson R 

Fast olive brown G 

Fast orange TF 

Fast red KL salt 

Fast spirit black RB — 

Fast spirit brown GN 

Fast spirit yellow G 

Fast yellow G, 2G, N - 

Fluorescent green HW 

Fluorescent yellow HEB 

Fluorol VGA, OB, OBR - - 

Formaldehyde blue 2B 

Formaldehyde red B 

Formalide deep blue R 

Gasoline yellow 

Genacron violet 

Gray LVLL, LVLN, LUFL 

Hectograph white A 

Indian brown 3G 

Ink blue PP - 

Luxols 

Methyl orange 

Milling orange RN 

Milling yellow GN— - - 

Neolan pink G 

Neutral brown R 

Neutral dark brown H 

Neutral silk brown RG 

Neutral sUk yellow CGA - 

Nydye black J, JM - 

Nydye blue GB 

Nydye brown 2RH 

Nydye navy blue M 

Nydye orange 2R 

Nydye red 3B 

Nydye scarlet G 

Nydye violet BX 

Nydye yellow S 

Nylanthrene blue 3BLF 

Nylanthrene navy LFWG 

Nylanthrene orange LRWF 

Nylanthrene red 2RWF 

Nylanthrene rublne 5BLF 

Nylanthrene scarlet 'ILFW 

Nylanthrene yellow FLW 

»Oil blue A, AP, NE 

Oil brown M, Y - 

Oil color correctors 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



bOA. 
Wl. 
■ill. 
577. 
577. 
577. 
577. 
447. 
447. 
401. 
253, 401, 447. 

191, 401, 447. 

447. 

447, 604. 

510. 

604. 

604. 

447. 

401, 447, 506, 510. 

253, 401, 492, 510, 520, 537, 577, 608. 



447. 

401, 447, 506. 

447. 

510. 

577. 

537. 

537. 

537. 

506. 

537. 

537. 

401. 

537. 

537. 

537. 

288, 537. 

44. 

537. 

510. 

577. 

577. 

329. 

537. 

510. 

453. 

253. 

510. 

506. 

253. 

253. 

253. 

253, 506. 

577. 

506. 

329. 

447. 

288. 

447. 

447. 

447. 

447. 

447. 

447. 

447. 

447. 

447. 

447. 

447. 

447. 

447. 

447. 

447. 

447. 

253, 537, 604. 

429, 506. 

370. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 

TABLE Sn.- -Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States product i 
reported, identified by manufacturer , 1956- -Continued 



97 



Colour 
Index or 

proto- 
type No. 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



UNGHOUPED DYES— Continued 

Oil fast blue R- 

Oil orange MT 

Oil pink B 

Oil red, ED, EGN, N-1700, 0, OB, RO- 

Oil yellow HW 

Orange GLFC, 2GLL 

Oxydiamlnogen BBA 

Pan yellow 

Plastic red LB 

Pluto orange GRA 

Red brown RRF 

Resin brilliant red R 

Resin brown Z 

Resin dark red Z 

Rhodamine B stearate 

Rotalins 

Rubine BLN 

Soluble vat red H 

Spirit-soluble black 

Spirit-soluble blue 6G, RDA 

Spirit-soluble brown 2RS 

Spirit-soluble fast black 

Spirit-soluble fast blue B 

Spirit-soluble fast green B 

Spirit-soluble fast red M, X 

Spirit-soluble fast yellow 30 

Spirit-soluble green 

Spirit-soluble orange M, RS 

Spirit-soluble pink MBS 

Spirit-soluble red MS 

Spirit-soluble red brown NR 

Spirit-soluble scarlet MC 

Spirit-soluble violet MR 

Spirit-soluble yellow GR, VCS 

Stilbene yellow 8G 

Sudan corinth 3B 

Sudan dark brown EG 

Sudan yellow GRA 

Sulfur fast brown CLHR 

Supemylite brown 2R 

Supemylite maroon LFS 

Supernylite scarlet B 

Supemylite yellow G 

Synlan black J 

Toluylene fast brown 3GA 

Vat black 

Vat brown 

Vat maroon 3N 

Vat printing black R 

Woodstain black N 

Wool blue CGG 

Yellow mR, MFA-3, RLFC 

All other 



604. 

370, 429, 537. 

506. 

429, 506, 537, 604. 

537. 

453. 

510. 

510. 

604. 

510. 

577. 

506. 

506. 

506. 

537. 

253. 

453. 

510. 

506. 

440, 506. 

506. 

506. 

506. 

506. 

506. 

506. 

440, 506. 

506. 

506. 

506. 

506. 

506. 

506. 

506. 

537. 

510. 

510. 

510. 

506. 

447. 

447. 

447. 

447. 

577. 

510. 

252. 

403. 

510. 

401. 

253. 

506. 

453, 510, 577. 

253, 370, 401. 



Excludes acetate rayon dyes that appear under "Dyes grouped by prototype number. " 
^ Includes developed black, diazo black, and printing black. 
•' Includes brilliant blue, fast blue, and violet blue. 

Includes direct navy blue. 
' Includes golden orange, light orange, and monocel orange. 
* Includes rubine, monocel rubine, and polyester red. 
' Includes monocel scarlet. 

Includes fast red violet. 
' Includes fast yellow, golden yellow, and printing yellow. 
^° Excludes azoic dyes and their components that appear under "Dyes grouped by Colour Index 
number" and "Dyes grouped by prototype number. " 



98 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Toners and Lakes 



TABLE 15B. --Synthefi 



organic chemicals: Toners and liJtes for which United State 
reported, identi fied by manufacturer, 1956 



prodiiction or saies vere 



[Toners and lakes for which separate statistics are given in table ISA are marked below with an asterisk 
(»); those not so marked do not appear in table ISA because the reported data are accepted in confidence 
and may not be published. Manufacturers' Identification numbers shown below are taken from table 27. An 
X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number with the 
designated product] 



Product 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



TONERS OR FULL-STRENGTH COLORS 



•Black toners: 
Aniline black- 

PMA black 

PTA black 

*Blue toners: 



»Alkali blue, C.I. 70-; 

Dlanlsldine blue (Naphthol AS (Pr. 302) and 

dlanisidine) . 
Dlanlsldine blue (Naphthol AS-D (Pr. 306) and 

dlanisidine). 
Dlanlsldine blue (Naphthol AS-OL (Pr. 311) and 
dlanlsldine). 

Indanthrene blue GCD (C.I. 1113) 

Peacock blue GG, PTA 

Peacock blue R (C.I. 664), PMA 

Peacock blue R (C.I. 664), PTA 

•Phthalocyanlne blue B (alpha modification), 
Pr. 481. 
Phthalooyanine blue BO (Green shade) (beta modi- 
fication). 
Pigment blue WNL- 



502. 








210, 


433, 


491. 




433, 


491. 






104, 


485, 


537, 


589 


X. 








492. 








253, 


515. 







I 



•Setoglaucine (Peacock blue G) (Rhodullne blue 6G) 
(C.I. 658), PMA. 

•Setoglaucine (Peacock blue G) (Rhodullne blue 6G) 
(C.I. 658), PTA. 

•Victoria blue B (C.I. 729), PMA 

•Victoria blue B (C.I. 729), PTA 

Victoria blue B (C.I. 729), fugitive 

(Victoria blue BGO (Pr. 198), PMA 

Victoria blue R (C.I. 728), PMA 

•Victoria pure blue B (Pr. 198), PMA 

•Victoria pure blue B (Pr. 198), PTA 



•Brown toners: 

Bismarck brown, PMA 

Bismarck brown, PTA 

Copper brown — 

Gun metal brown-— ___— — 

Para brown — — — 

•Green toners : 

Benzidine yellow and phthalocyanlne blue, Pr. 
481. 

•Brilliant green (C.I. 662), PMA 

Brilliant green (C.I. 662), PTA 

Brilliant green (C.I. 662) and malachite green 

(C.I. 657), PMA. 
Brilliant green (C.I. 662), malachite green (C.I. 

657), and thloflavine (C.I. 815), PMA. 
Brilliant green (C.I. 662), malachite green (C.I. 
657), and thloflavine (C.I. 815), PTA. 
•Brilliant green (C.I. 662) and thloflavine (C.I. 

815), PMA. 
•Brilliant green (C.I. 662) and thloflavine (C.I. 
815), PTA. 

Malachite green (C.I. 657), PMA 

•Malachite green (C.I. 657), PTA 



Peacock blue GG and thiofl'avlne (C.I. 815), PMA- 

Permanent green BH ~ — - — 

•Phthalocyanlne green, Pr. 483 

•Pigment green B, Pr. 149 

•Maroon toners: 

Anthranilio/BON maroon ■ - — -- — 

B.O.N, lake red C amine- 



•B.O.N, maroon (Lithol maroon) (Tobias acid and 
bon) . 
Hello Bordeaux (C.I. 84) 

Hello fast rubine 4BL 

Indanthrene maroons- 

Llthol red 3G, manganese toner- 



253. 
531. 
I 491. 
384, 462, 491. 
61, 74, 104, 160, 253, 416, 485, 502, 506, 510, 515, 

531, 537, 557, X. 
83, 253, 416, 515, 537. 

510. 

7, 384, 433, A87, 491, 492, 531. 

7, 192, 210, 384, 415, 433, 462, 487, 491, 492, 531. 

83, 253, 485, 487, 557. 

192, 485, 487, 491, 537, 557. 

433. 

492. 

492. 

7, 127, 210, 310, 339, 384, 433, 460, 487, 491, 502, 

531, 589. 
7, 192, 210, 384, 415, 433, 440, 460, 462, 487, 491, 

502, 515, 531. 

433. 

433. 

485. 

253. 

440, 492, 515. 

74, X. 

485. 

83, 210, 339, 433, 487, 491, 531. 

7, 210, 384, 433, 462, 487, 491, 492, 510, 531. 

537. 

487. 

487. 

7, 127, 210, 433, 487, 491, 492, 502, 531. 

7, 127, 192, 210, 310, 384, 433, 460, 462, 487, 491, 

492, 502, 531, 537, 557. 
127, 310, 433, 487. 
7, 127, 192, 210, 21S, 415, 433, 462, 487, 492, 502, 

531. 
462, 531. 
510. 

74, 104, 253, 260, 502, 510, 537. 
74, 219, 253, 310, 440, 485, 502, 510, 531. 

253. 
219. 
104, 192, 219, 253, 415, 485, 502, 515, 531. 

384, 440, 531. 

219. 

515. 

253. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



TAFtE ISn. --Synthetic 



rganic chemicals: Toners and Jakes for which United States production or sales were 
reported, identi fied by manufacturer , 1956- -Continued 



Manufacturers' Identification numbers 
(according to list In table 27) 



TONERS OR FULL-STRENGTH COLORS— Continued 

»Maroon toners — Continued 

Naphthol AS-D (Pr. 306) maroon 

a-Naphthylamlne maroon, C.I. 82 

«Toluidine maroon (Naphthol AS-BS and mnpt) 

"Orange toners: 

"Benzidine orange (deb and pmp) 

"Dlanisldine orange (dlanlsidlne and aaa or aaot)- 

•2,'4-Dlnltroanillne orange (dna and bn) 

Hansa orange 

Llthosol orange OTP 

•o-Nltroanlllne orange (ona and bn) 

Permansa orange H 

All other 

»Red toners: 

Bona arylamine (Virginia red) 

Brilliant red N (Red lake R) 

•o-Chloro-p-nltroaniline red (Chlorinated para 
r ed ) ( ocpna and bn ) . 

p-Chloronitroanillne red 

«Eoslne (Bromo acid toner) (C.I. 768) 

Fuchsine (C.I. 677), PMA 

Gentex red RP 

Hello fast pink RLA 

Hello red RMTA (Pr. 112) (mtps and bn) 

»Lithol red 2G (C.I. 166) 

»Lithol red R, C.I. 189: 
*Barlum toner: 

Made from pigments of own manufacture 



Made from purchased pigments -— 

•Calcium toner: 

Made from pigments of own manufacture 



Made from piirchased pigments — - 

•Sodlim toner 

«A11 other lithol red R toners: Made from pig- 
ments of own manufacture. 
Lithol red R, C.I. 189 and red lake C, C.I. 165— 
•Llthol rubine B (C.I. 163) 

Lithol rubine B (C.I. 163) and rhodamine 6G (C.I. 
753). 

Llthosol red CSP 

Naphthoic red C 

»Naphthol reds: 

Bona arylamine — . 

»Naphthol AS (Pr. 302) and dca 



Naphthol AS (Pr. 302) and oca 

»Naphthol AS (Pr. 302) and pnot 

•Naphthol AS-BS (Pr. 305) and pnoa- 



•Naphthol AS-D (Pr. 306) and pnot 

Naphthol AS-ITR (Pr. 310) and ITR base (Pr. 
378). 

Naphthol AS-OL (Pr. 311) red 

Naphthol AS-TR (Pr. Sli) and TR base (Pr. ^2)- 

All other naphthol reds — ~ — — — 

*Para red, light, C.I. 44 



»Para red, dark- 



398)— 



Permanent carmine FB (Pr. 

Permanent carmine FR — — — 

Permanent carmine FL — ■ — — 

•Permanent red 2B (Pr. 563) (ooptms and bon)- 



Permanent red FKB— 

Permanent red FKR ex 

Permanent red PC 

Permanent red RA 

Pigment rubine 3G (pcams and bon)- 
Polaris red- 

•Pyrazolone red -^ 

•Red lake C (C-red), C.I. 165: 
Barium toner: 

Made from pigments of own manufacture- 
Made from purchased pigments 



310, 515, 531. 

531. 

219, 253, 485, 515, 531. 

7, 192, 253, 462, 485, 492, 515, 531, 537, 557, X. 

104, 253, 485, 515, 531. 

310, 440, 485, 502, 531, 537. 

192, 515. 

253. 

104, 387, 415, 440, 485, 492, 531. 

485. 

7, 74, 192, 502, 510, X. 

104. 

7, 440, 515. 

7, 104, 192, 219, 310, 387, 415, 440, 460, 462, 485, 

492, 502, 531, 537, 557. 
192, 253, 415, 440, 485. 
7, 339, 415, 462, 492, 537, 557, 589, X. 
433. 
510. 
510. 
510. 
7, 460, 485, 531. 



7, 83, 104, 192, 310, 415, 460, 462, 473, 485, 492, 

502, 531, 537, 557. 
339. 

83, 104, 192, 310, 415, 460, 462, 473, 485, 492, 502, 

531, 537, 557. 
339. 

104, 192, 415, 460, 485, 492, 537. 
192, 462, 537. 

485. 

7, 219, 253, 339, 415,--433, 460, 462, 485, 491, 492, 

502, 515, 531, 557.' 
415. 



253. 
515. 



253. 

7, 74, 192, 310, 440, 460, 485, 487, 515, 531. 

7, 192, 219, 253, 384, 415, 460, 485, 515, 531, 537. 

7, 192, 210, 253, 415, 440, 485, 502, 515, 531, 537, 

557. 

7, 192, 415, 433, 485, 502, 515, 531, 537, 557, X. 

7, 485, 502, 531, 557, X. 

7, 219, 253, 515, 531. 

7. 

485, X. 

83, 104, 192, 219, 268, 310, 339, 415, 460, 473, 485, 

492, 502, 515, 531, 537. 
83, 104, 192, 268, 310, 339, 387, 415, 433, 460, 462, 

473, 485, 492, 502, 515, 531, 537. 
510. 
510. 
510. 
7, 192, 219, 253, 339, 415, 433, 440, 460, 462, 485, 

492, 502, 510, 515, 531. 
510. 
510. 
510. 
510. 

219, 433, 510, 531. 
485. 
7, 74, 219, 253, 485, 502, 515, X. 



7, 83, 104, 192, 415, 460, 462, 485, 492, 502y 515, 

531, 537, 557. 
127, 339, 433. 



100 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE ISB. --Synt/ietiC organic chemicals: Toners »id lakes for which United States prddiction or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 7956 --Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



TONERS OR FULL-STRENGTH COLORS— Continued 

*fled toners—Continued 

•Red lake C (C-red), C.I. 165— Continued 

Sodium toner 



Permanent red FEL- 



Red lake D (C.I. 2U) 

»Rhodamine B (C.I. 749), PMA ^ 

»Rhodamine B (C.I. 7A9), PTA 

»Rhodamine 60 (Rhodamine 6GDN) (Rhodamlne Y) 

(C.I. 752), PMA. 
•Rhodamlne 60 (Rhodamlne 6GDN) (Rhodamine Y) 

(C.I. 752), PTA. 

•Toluidine red, C.I. 69 

Vulcan fast red B (Pr. <i76) 

Vulcan fast red BBE 

All other 

•Violet toners; 
Cyclo blues- 
Ethyl violet (C.I. 682), PMA- 
Ethyl violet (C.I. 682), PTA- 
Methyl vlolet- 
•Methyl violet B (C.I. 680), fugitive- 



•Methyl violet B (C.I. 680), PMA- 
Methyl violet B (C.I. 680), PTA- 



Methyl violet oleate — 
Permanent violet RL— 
All other 



•Yellow toners: 

Acetoaoetanllid yellow, PMA 

Benzidine yellows: 

•Benzidine yellow (deb and aaa) — 

Benzidine yellow (dob and aamx)- 

Benzidlne yellow (deb and aaoa)- 

•Benzidine yellow (dob and aaot)- 



Benzidine yellow, other — — _— 

•Hansa yellows: 

•Hansa yellow G, Pr. 103 (mnpt and aaa) 

•Hansa yellow 50, Pr. lO-i (ona and aaa) 

•Hansa yellow 100, Pr. 105 (poona and ocaaa)- 

Hansa yellow 130 

Hansa yellow M — 



Hansa yellow 3R, Pr. 280 

Hansa yellow "^R— — — — 

Hansa yellow (mnpt and aaa) — 
Hansa yellow (mnpt and aaot)- 



Lithol fast yellow 3QD (Lithosol fast yellow 
3GD). 

Lithol yellow (Lithosol yellow G) 

Hansa yellow, other — 
Permanent yellow GNVS — 
All other 



REDUCED OR EXTENDED TONERS 

Black toners, reduced: 

•Basic black 

Carbon black, reduced————— — — 

Carbon black, toned— — — — 

Indullne base (C.I. 860) 

•Blue toners, reduced: 

Alkali blue, C.I. 704 

Indanthrene blue OCD (C.l. 1113) 

Indanthrene blue RS (C.I. 1106) 

Indanthrene brilliant violet RR 

Methylene blue (C.I. 922) 

Methylene blue (C.I. 922) and methyl violet B 
(C.I. 680), fugitive. 
•Peacock blue R (C.I. 664), PMA 



492, 537. 

510. 

440. 

7, 310, 339, 384, 433, 487, 491, 531, 589. 

7, 83, 192, 253, 384, 415, 433, 462, 485, 487, 491, 

492, 502, 531, 537. 
192, 310, 384, 433, 460, 485, 487, 491, 492, 502, 531, 

557, 589. 
7, 192, 253, 384, 415, 433, 460, 462, 487, 491, 502, 

531, 537, 557. 
537, 557. 
7, 83, 104, 192, 219, 253, 268, 310, 387, 415, 440, 

460, 462, 473, 485, 492, 502, 515, 531, 537. 
510. 
510. 
192, 485, 537, X, X. 

228. 
487. 
487. 
506. 
192, 210, 339, 433, 460, 462, 487, 492, 531, 537, 

557, 589. 
7, 83, 104, 192, 210, 310, 339, 384, 387, 433, 460, 

462, 473, 485, 487, 491, 492, 502, 531, 557, 589. 
7, 192, 384, 415, 433, 460, 485, 487, 502, 515, 531, 

537, 557. 
537. 
510. 



462. 

7, 104, 192, 219, 253, 339, 384, 387, 415, 440, 460, 
485, 492, 502, 515, 531, 537, 557, 589, X. 

7, X. 

537. 

7, 104, 192, 253, 384, 440, 460, 485, 492, 502, 510, 
515, 531, 537, 557, X. 

485, 502, 531. 

7, 104, 192, 219, 253, 310, 387, 415, 440, 457, 460, 

462, 473, 485, 492, 502, 515, 531, 537, 557. 
83. 

7, 219, 310, 440, 460, 531. 

7, 192, 219, 440, 460, 485, 502, 510, 515, 531. 
515. 
485. 

460, 510. 
440, 485. 
502. 
502. 
253. 

510. 
74, X. 

510. 



384, 


433, 


487 


487. 






487. 






502. 






433. 






515, 


531. 




253. 






253. 






384, 


433, 


487 


384. 






384, 


487, 


.491 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 101 

TAELE ISB.- -Synthetic organic cheaiicala: Toners and lakes for which United States production or sales were 
reported, identi fied hy merufacturer . 1956- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list ^n table 27) 



REDUCED OR EXTENDED TONERS—Continued 

"Blue toners, reduced — Continued 

Peacock blue R (C.I. 6M) , PTA 

»Phthalocyanine blue B (alpha modification), 
Pr. 481. 
Phthalocyanine blue BG (green shade) (beta modi- 
fication) . 

Phthalocyanine blue R 

Rhoduline blue, fugitive 

»Setoglaucine (Peacock blue G) (Rhoduline blue 6G) 

(C.I. 658), PMA. 
Setoglaucine (Peacock blue G) (Rhoduline blue 6G) 

(C.I. 658), PTA. 
Setoglaucine (Peacock blue G) (Rhoduline blue 60) 
(C.I. 658), fugitive. 

"Victoria blue B (C.I. 729), fugitive 

Victoria blue B (C.I. 729), PMA 

Victoria blue B (C.I. 729), PTA 

Victoria blue R (C.I. 728), PMA 

Victoria blue R (C.I. 728), PTA 

Victoria pure blue B (Pr. 198), fugitive 

Victoria pure blue B (Pr. 198), PMA 

Victoria pure blue B (Pr. 198), PTA 

*Brawn toners, reduced; 

Bismarck bro«n G (C.I. 331), fugitive 

Bismarck brown R (C.I. 332), fugitive 

Indanthrene brown RY — _. 

Para brown 

*Green toners, reduced: 

Benzidine yellow and iron blue 

Benzidine yellow and phthalocyanine blue 

Benzidine yellow and PTA green 

Brilliant green (C.I. 662), fugitive 

"Brilliant green (C.I. 662), PMA 

Brilliant green (C.I. 662), PTA 

Brilliant green (C.I. 662) and auramine (C.I. 

655), PMA. 
Brilliant green (C.I. 662) and benzidine yellow, 
PMA. 
"Brilliant green (C.I. 662) and thioflavlne 

(C.I. 815), PMA. 
"Brilliant green (C.I. 662) and thioflavlne 
(C.I. 815), PTA. 

Malachite green (C.I. 657), fugitive 

Malachite green (C.I. 657), PMA 

Malachite green (C.I. 657), PTA 

Malachite green (C.I. 657) and auramine (C.I. 

655). 
Malachite green (C.I. 657) and thioflavlne (C.I. 
815), PMA. 

Phthalocyanine green, Pr. 4-83 

"Pigment green B, Pr. 149 

Shamrock green — — 

Maroon toners, reduced: 

B.O.N, maroon (Lithol maroon) (Tobias acid and 
bon). 

Naphthol AS-QL (Pr. 311) and poona 

a -Naphthylamine maroon, C.I. 82 

"Orange toners, reduced: 

Benzidine orange (deb and pmp) 

Dianisidine orange (dianisldine and aaa or aaot)- 

2,4-Dinitroaniline orange (dna and bn) — — 

Naphthol AS-D (Pr. 306) and dca plus mca 

"o-Nitroaniline orange (ona and bn) 

Orange RK lake 

"Red toners, reduced: 

Bona arylamlne (Virginia red) 

o-Chloro-p-nitroanillne red (Chlorinated para 
red) (ocpna and bn) . 

"Eosine (Bromo acid toner) (C.I. 768) 

Fuchsine (Magenta) (C.I. 677), fugitive 

Lithol red 2G (C.I. 166) 

"Lithol red R, C.I. 189: 

Barium toner — 

Sodium toner- — ■- ' ■ —— 

"Lithol rublne B (C.I. 163) 



460, 491, 531. 

74, 104, 253, 310, 384, 433, 485, 487, 502, 515, 531. 



210. 
487. 
384, 433, 487, 491, 531, 589. 

433, 462, 487, 531. 

433. 



384, 433, 


487. 


487, 491. 




487, 502. 




531. 




531. 




384. 




253, 433, 


460, 487, 531, 589. 


192, 433, 


487. 


487. 




7, 433, 502. 


487. 




384. 




531. 




531. 




531. 




433. 




7, 253, 334, 433, 487, 531, 589 


487, 557. 




210, 487. 





253, 433, 531, 557. 

210, 253, 384, 433, 487, 502. 

310, 384, 433. 

433. 

433, 460, 487, 491. 

192, 491. 

433, 487. 

487, 531. 

74, 104, 210, 253, 384, 433, 487, 515. 
74, 253, 310, 487. 
310, 485. 

192, 433. 



253, 


487, 


531. 




253, 


515. 






192, 


384, 


487. 




74. 








387, 


-133, 


485, 


531. 


253. 








487. 








104. 








104, 


487. 






7, 310, 433, 531. 


433. 








460. 









192, 210, 415, 433, 460, 487, 502. 

192, 415, 460, 487. 

460, 487. 

7, 192, 433, 487, 502, 531. 



102 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 15B. ■■ Synthetic organic chemicals: Toners and lakes for which United States production or sales were 
reported, identi fied by manufacturer , 1956--Cont inued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



REDUCED OR EXTENDED TONERS— Continued 

"Red toners, reduced—Continued 
»Naphthol reds: 

Naphthol AS (Pr. 302) and doa 

Naphthol AS (Pr. 302) and oca 

Naphthol AS (Pr. 302) and pnot 

Naphthol AS (Pr. 302), Naphthol AS-D (Pr. 306) 
and dca. 

Naphthol AS-BS (Pr. 305) and nmpt 

"Naphthol AS-BS (Pr. 305) and pnoa 

Naphthol AS-D (Pr. 306) and ranpt 

Naphthol AS-D (Pr. 306) and ranpt plus ona 

Naphthol AS-D (Pr. 306) and ona 

Naphthol AS-D (Pr. 306) and pnot 

»Para red, light, C.I. 44 

»Para red, dark — — 

"Permanent red 2B (Pr. 563) (ooptms and bon) 

Pigment rubine 30 (pcams and bon) 

Pyrazolone red — 

Red lake C (C-red), C.I. 165: 

Barium toner 

Sodium toner — 

"Rhodamine B (C.I. 749), fugitive 

"Rhodamine B (C.I. 749), PMA 

"Rhodamine B (C.I. 749), PTA 

Rhodamlne B (C.I. 749) and auramine (C.I. 655) 

PMA. 
Rhodamlne B (C.I. 749) and rhodamine 6G (C.I. 

752), PMA. 
Rhodamine B (C.I. 749) and rhodamlne 6G (C.I. 

752), PTA. 
Rhodamine 6G (Rhodamine 6GDN) (Rhodamine Y) 
(C.I. 752), fugitive. 
"Rhodamine 6G (Rhodamine 6GDN) (Rhodamine Y) 

(C.I. 752), PMA. 
"Rhodamine 6G (Rhodamlne 6GDN) (Rhodamine Y) 
(C.I. 752), PTA. 

"Toluldine red, C.I. 69 

Vat pink (C.I. 1211) 

"Violet toners, reduced: 

"Ethyl violet (C.I. 682), PMA 

"Ethyl violet (C.I. 682), PTA 

Indanthrene brilliant violet RR (C.I. 1104) 

Indanthrene red violet RHA — 

"Methyl violet B (C.I. 680), fugitive 

"Methyl violet B (C.I. 680), PMA 

Methyl violet B (C.I. 680), PTA 

Methyl violet R.S., PMA 

Methyl violet LA and magenta ABN 

Yellow toners, reduced: 

Auramine (C.I. 655), fugitive 

Auramine (C.I. 655), PMA 

Benzidine yellows: 

"Benzidine yellow (deb and aaa) 

"Benzidine yellow (dob and aaot) 

Benzidine yellow, other 

"Hansa yellows: 

Hansa yellow G, Pr. 103 (mnpt and aaa) 

Hansa yellow 5G, Pr. 104 (ona and aaa) 

Hansa yellow lOG, Pr. 105 (pcona and ocaaa) — 

Lithol fast yellow 3GD 

Hansa yellow, other 



LAKES OR LAKED COLORS 



Black lakes: 

Carbon black 

"Logwood black (C.I. 1253)- 

Pulp bone black 

All other 

"Blue lakes: 

Brilliant blue FCF 



74, 210, 310, 487. 

487. 

253, 502, 537. 

74. 

310. 

104, 219, 253, 460, 485, 502, 537. 

74. 

74. 

74. 

433. 

192, 387, 487, 531. 

ly2, 210, 310, 384, 387, 433, 531. 

7, 192, 210, 253, 310, 384, 415, 433, 460, 502. 

487, 502. 

485. 



537. 

210, 310, 433, 487. 

384, 433, 487, 589. 

192, 253, 433, 460, 487, 502. 

557. 

433, 487. 

557. 

433. 

253, 384, 433, 487, 589. 

74, 253, 310, 433, 462, 487, 502. 

104, 192, 210, 253, 387, 420, 433, 485, 487, 531. 
7, 192, 384, 433, 487. 

253, 487, 531, 589. 

253. 

253. 

74. 

192, 210, 384, 433, 460, 487, 502, 557. 

253, 310, 433, 460, 487, 531, 589. 

192, 433, 487. 

491. 

74. 

384, 487. 
487. 

253, 462, 557. 

104, 253, 485, 487, 515, 531, 537. 

485. 

104, 253, 487, 531, 589. 

310. 

253, 384, 487. 

253. 

74, 460. 



"Brilliant wool blue FFR (Pr. 40) 

Methyl cotton blue (C.I. 706) 

Methylene blue 

Methylene base and tannic acid— 

Patent blue (C.I. 671) 

"Peacock blue, fugitive (Patent blue) (C.I. 671)- 



74, 420. 

192, 326, 420, 

420. 

420, 440. 


589 


192. 

74, 326, 420. 

X. 

310. 

462. 

433. 





7, 83, 127, 192, 310, 339, 420, 433, ''•62, 487, 491, 
492, 502, 531, 537, 557, X. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



103 

TfflLE ISR.^-Synthetic orimic chmicala: Toners and lakes for which United Stntea production or aaiea were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, J95tf --Continued 



LAKES OR lAKED COLORS — Continued 

»Blue lakes — Continued 

Phthalocyanine blue, sulfonated 

Phthalocyanine blue and fastusol yellow — ~ 

True blue ■ ■ .■■ — — __.. 



Turquoise blue (C.I. 661) 

Victoria blue— —————— —-—— 

»Brown lakes: 

Bismarck brown, tannic acid lake — 
Orange II and nigrosine— ——— — — 

All other — ■ 



"Green lakes: 

Acid green B (C.I. 669) 

Brilliant green (C.I. 662) 

Brilliant green (C.I. 662) and naphthol yellow S 

(C.I. 10). 
Emerald green--- — — _______ 



Green lake CPS_ 



Malachite green (C.I. 657) and fast light yellow 

(C.I. 636). 
Peacock blue (C.I. 671) and naphthol yellow S 

(C.I. 10). 

Pigment green B, Pr. l-Vg 

Shamrock green — .. 

"Maroon lakes: 

Alizarin lake — ___ _______ __ 



Alizarin maroon (C.I. 10^1) 

Amaranth (C.I. IBA) 

Azo Bordeaux (C.I. 88) 

Hypemic (C.I. 120) 

Quinizarin rubine 

All other 



Orange lakes: 

Acid orange R (C.I. 161) 

Naphthol AS_QL (Pr. 311) 

"Persian orange (Acid orange Y) (Orange II) (C.I. 
151). 

All other^ 

•Red lakes: 

"Alizarin red B (C.I. 1027) 

Anthosine red 5B__' ■ _ — — _— _— 

Azo rubine (C.I. 179) 

Carmine (C.I. 1239) 

Crocein scarlet 3BX (Cochineal lake) (C.I. 183)- 

Helio fast rubine -iBL (Pr. '«36) 

Lithol rubine B (C.I. 163) 

Madder lake 6B and 6B cone 

Magenta 



Magenta and rhodamine B_ 
Pigment soarlet- 
"Pigment scarlet 3B (C.I. 

Polar red (C.I. 430) 

Red lake C 



216)- 



Rhodamlne B (C.I. 7'i9) 

Rhodamine 6G (C.I. 752) 

Scarlet GRCL (GDC) 

"Scarlet 2R (C.I. 79) 

Turkey red, medlum_— — 

All other — — __ 



"Violet lakes: 

Acid violet (C.I. 

Alizarin purple 

"Methyl violet 

Purple lake R 

All other 



Yellow lakes: 

Benzidine yellow — — -__ — -__ __ 

"Fast light yellow (C.I. 636) 

Hansa yellow G_ 

Naphthol yellow S (C.I. 10) 

Quercitron (Flavine) (C.I. 1251) 

Quinoline yellow (C.I. 801) 

"Tartrazine (C.I. 6A0) 

Thioflavine 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



-igi. 

491. 

491. 

192. 

74. 

326, 420. 

7, 326, 433. 

491. 

192. 

310, 531. 

268. 

420. 



485. 
485. 

485. 

515. 

192, 219, 485. 

310, 387, 433, 473, 485, 487, 531. 

531. 

473. 

74, 310, 326, 420. 

83, 491, 531. 

83. 

74, 192, 326, 339, 384, 420, 462, 487, 491, 502, 515, 

531, 537, 557. 
268. 

7, 74, 192, 210, 384, 440, 473, 485, 502, 515, 531. 

487. 

433. 

66, 192. 

192. 

253, 387, 433, 460, 502, 510, 531, 557. 

485. 

440. 

485. 

491. 

268. 

7, 192, 253, 384, 433, 440, 460, 502. 

487. 

485. 

557. 

531. 

387. 

7, 74, 192, 210, 219, 310, 326, 420, 433, 502, 531. 

268. 

268, 326, 491. 

420, 433, 460, 487. 

440. 

326, 420, 440, 491, 531. 

310. 

460. 

485. 

192, 460, 491, 502, 557. 

485. 

491. 

531. 

192, 491, 531. 

7, 83, 192, 310, 339, 384, 491, 505, 531, 537, 557. 

531. 

531. 



See note on p. 104. 



104 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

TABLE \5B. --Syntbet ic organic cbemicals: Toners anri lakes for which Uniteri States prortact ion or sales were 
reported, i'lent i fieri hy manufacturer , 795fi--Continued 

Hote to Tahle 15B 

Note. — The C.I. (Colour Index) and Pr. (prototype) numbers shown in this report are the identifying num- 
bers given respectively In the Colour Index and in the prototype list of the Technical Manual and Yearbook 
of the American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists. A C.I. or Pr. number enclosed in parentheses 
Is always the number, in the Index or Manual , of the dye from which the specified toner or lake was pro- 
duced. If the C.I. or Pr. number is not enclosed in parentheses, it indicates that the named toner is itself 
listed in the Index or Manual. 

The abbreviations PMA and PTA stand for phosphomolybdic and phosphotungstio acids, respectively. Pigments 
formerly listed as PTMA (phosphotungstomolybdlc acid) are now included with PTA colors. 

Intermediates used in the manufacture of certain colors are abbreviated as follows: 

aaa acetoacetanilide 

aaot aoetoacet-ortho-toluldide 

bn beta-naphthol 

bon beta-oxynaphtholc acid (3-hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid) 

dca dichloroaniline 

deb dichlorobenzidine 

dna dinitroaniline 

mnpt meta-nitro-para-toluidine (A-ohloro-ortho-toluidine) 

oopna ortho-chloro-para-nitroanlline ( 2-ohloro-'*-nitroanlline ) 

ona ortho-nitroaniline 

pmp phenylmethylpyrazolone 

pnoa para-nitro-ortho-anisidine (5-nltro-ortho-anisidine) 

pnot para-nitro-ortho-toluidine (5-nitro-ortho-toluidlne) 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



105 



TADLF. 17B. -Synthetic 



Medicinals 



reported, 



: MeHicinats for 
identifinrl by man 



ihich United states prnHucti 
•facturer, 1956 



[Medicinals for which separate statistics are given in table 17A are marked below with an asterisk (»); 
medicinals not so marked do not appear in table 17A because the reported data are accepted in confidence 
and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from table 27. An X 
signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number with the 
designated product] 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC 

Bemenoid 

3-Acetamido-2,4,6-triiodobenzoic acid and sodium 

salt. 
Acetarsone I'N-Acetyl-^-hydroxy-m-arsanilic acid) 
(Stovarsol). 

Acetylglycol salicylate 

»Acetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin) 

Adrenaline (Epinephrine ) 

♦Amino acids: 

3, 5-Diiodo tyrosine 

d- Phenylalanine 

dl-Phenylalanine 

1-Phenylalanine 

d-Tyrosine 

dl-Tyrosine 

1-Tyrosine 

2-Amino-'i-arsenosophenol (Mapharsen) hydrochloride- 
Aminobenzoic acids, derivatives, and salts: 

o-Aminobenzoic (Anthranilic ) acid, cadmium salt-- 
m-Aminobenzoic acid derivatives : 

2-Isobutylaminoethyl m-aminobenzoate (Unacaine) 

»p-Aminobenzoic acid 

*p-Arainobenzoic acid derivatives: 

2-Amylaminoethyl p-aminobenzoate (Amylsine) 

Benzocaine (Ethyl p-aminobenzoate) 

Butacaine (3-Di-n-butylaminopropyl p-amino- 
benzoate) base. 

Butacaine sulfate 

Butesin (n-Butyl p-aminobenzoate) 

Butesin picrate (Di(n-butyl p-aminobenzoate) 
trinitrophenol). 

2-Chloroprocaine hydrochloride 

2-Diethylaminoethyl 4-amlno-2-propoxybenzoate 

(Ravocaine) hydrochloride. 
2-Diethylamlnoethyl 2-butoxy-3-aminobenzoate 
(Primacaine) hydrochloride. 

Isobutyl p-aminobenzoate (Cycloform) 

2-Isobutylaminoethyl p-aminobenzoate 

(Monocaine). 
Procaine base and salts : 

Procaine base (2-Diethylaminoethyl p-amino- 
benzoate) (Novacaine base). 

^Procaine hydrochloride 

Procaine isobutyrate 

Propyl p-aminobenzoate 

♦Tetracaine (2-Dimethylamlnoethyl p-butylamino- 
benzoate) base. 

♦Tetracaine hydrochloride 

p-Aminobenzoic acid salts: 

Calcium p-aminobenzoate 

♦Potassium p-aminobenzoate 

♦Sodium p-amlnobenzoate 

p-Amlnohippuric acid 

A-Amino-2-methyl-l-naphthol hydrochloride 
(Synkamin). 

"^-Aminosalicylic acid 

"♦-Aminosalicylic acid salts: 

Calcium 4-amlnoEallcylate 

Potassium "i-aminosallcylate 

Sodium ■♦-aminosalicylate 

sec-Amyltrioresol 

Anisoln ("V,4'-Dimethoxybenzoin) 

1,8,9-Anthratriol (Anthralin) 

3-Amlno-2,"4,6-trllodophenyl-2-ethylpropionic acid — 
•Antihistamines : 

2-(Benzhydryloxy)-N,N-dlmethylethylamine hydro- 
chloride . 
p-Chlorobenzhydryl-m-methylbenzyldiethylene 

diamine (Meclizine) dihydrochloride. 
Diethylamlnoethoxyethyl l-phenylcyclopentane- 

carboxylate (Carbetapentone) citrate. 
N, N-Dlmethyl-2- (a-phenyl-o-toloxy )ethylamlne 
dihydrogen citrate. 



348, "ise. 

3b5. 

197, 221, 252, 297, 368. 

17, 283, 348, 375, 392, "lO?. 

218, 580. 
175. 

252, 348. 
175, X. 
110. 
252. 
496. 
407. 

564. 

107. 

37, 169, 205. 

107. 

266, 348, 456. 

456. 

60, 456. 
365, 456. 
456. 

283, 335. 
348. 



365. 
107, 266. 



205, 456. 

205, 240, 456, 459, 489. 

365, 580. 



205. 

169, 205, 489. 

169, 205, 442, 489, 506. 



375, 407, 537. 



375, 


537. 




205, 


375, 


490 


375, 


407, 


537 


283. 






231, 


422. 




456. 






348. 






407. 






306. 






306. 






503. 







106 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 17B. --Syntheti 



anic chemicala: MpHicinals fnr which United States prnHii 
eparted, irient i fieri by manufacturer , i956--Continued 



Manufacturers' Identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC--Continued 
Btnzeno id- -Continued 

^Antihistamines --Continued 

2-(l,2,3,'i-Tetrahydronaphthyl)-2-imidazollne 
(Tetraiiydrozaline) hydrochloride. 

Benzaldehyde 

Benzoic acid 

Benzoic acid salts: 

Ammonium benzoate 

Lithium benzoate 

Benzyl alcohol 

Benzyl-2-amlnopropan-l-ol 

l-Benzyl-2-aminopropan-l-ol 

p-Benzylphenyl carbamate (Diphenan) 

Benzyl succinate 

3,'4-Bis(p-hydroxyphenyl)-2,3-hexadiene diacetate-- 

•Bismuth subgallate 

♦Bismuth subsalicylate 

Bismuth tetrabromopyrocatechol 

N,N'-Bis(3-nltrobenzenesulfonyl)ethylenediamine--- 

Bis('+-nltrophenyl) disulfide 

tert-Butylcresol 

Calcium creosote 

Carbarsone (p-Carbamidobenzenearsonic acid) ^-- 

Carbobenzoxy chloride 

Chloramine T (Sodium p-toluenesulfonchloramide )--■ 

Chloromercuri-A-nitro-o-eresol 

Chloro thymol 

Chlorotrls(p-methoxyphenyl )ethylene (Tri-p-anisyl 

chloroethylene ) . 

m-Cresyl acetate (Cresatin) 

p - ( Cyclohexy loxy )benzoic acid 

Desoxyanisoln 

3,5-Diacetamido 2,'i,6-triiodo benzoic acid, 

sodium salt. 

Dialuminum aoetyl-o-salioylate 

p,p'-Diaminodiphenylsulf one -N,N'-di (dextrose 

sodium sulfonate). 

2,5-Diaminotoluene sulfate 

a-Diethylamino-2,6-acetoxylidine 

Diethylamino-p-ethoxy-benzoate hydrochloride 

2-Diethylaminoethyl diphenylacetate citrate 

2-Diethylaminoethyl diphenylacetate hydrochloride- 
P-Diethylaminoethyl diphenylthioacetate hydro- 
chloride. 
N-Diethylaminoethyl isoamyl phenyl glycinate 

dihydrochloride. 

p,p'-(l,2-Diethylethylene)dlphenol (Hexestrol) 

p,p'-(l,2-Diethylethylene)diphenol (Hexestrol) 

diphosphoric ester, sodium salt. 
p,p'-(l,2-Diethylethylene)diphenol (Hexestrol) 

dipropionate. 
N,N-Diethylsalicylamide (Diethylamine salicylate)- 
(X.a'-Dlethyl-'V.'i'-stllbenediol (Diethylstil- 

bestrol). 

a, a'-Diethyl-Aji'-stilbenedlol diphosphate 

a, o'-Diethyl-'4,4'-stilbenediol dipropionate 

3 , 4-Dlhydroxynorephedrine ( 3, ^-Dihydroxyphenyl- 

propanolamine ) hydrochloride. 
P-(3,5-J)iiodo-'l-hydroxyphenyl)-ct-hydratropic acid 
6-Dimethylamino-^,4-diphenyl-3-heptanone hydro- 
chloride (Dolophine) (Methadone). 

Y-Dimethylamino-<x,a-dlpherylvaleramide 

P-Dimethylaminoethyl(l-hydroxycyclopentyl ) phenyl 

acetate (Cyclopentolate) hydrochloride. 

Dimethyl -3 -hydroxyphenylammonium chloride 

N,a-Dimethylphenethylainine (Desoxyephedrine ) base 
N,P-Dlmett^lphenethylamine base and hydrochloride 

»N , a-Dimethylphenethylamine hydrochloride 

»d,N,a-Dlmethylphenethylamine hydrochloride 

Dimethyl-p-toluidine 

Diphenylacetic acid 

Diphenylacetyldlethylaminoethanol hydrochloride -- 
3,5-Dipropionamldo-2,'V,6-triiodobenzolc acid and 

sodium salt. 

Dipropylene glycol salicylate 

p-(Di-N-propylsulfamyl)benzoic acid (Benemid) 

Dithiosalicylic acid 

»Dyes, medicinal: 

Acriflavine (3,6-Diamino-lO-methylacridine 
chloride ) . 



358. 
337. 



335, ^2, 560, 56A. 
^2, 560, 5&4. 



50A. 
221. 

^2. 

271, 

266, 

422. 

422. 

238. 

205. 

375. 

306, 

297, 

580. 

345. 

537. 

365. 

564. 

37, 422, 580 

580. 

221. 

456. 

482, 560. 

115. 

560. 
422. 
231. 
348. 

456. 
407. 

477. 

18. 

365. 

365. 

365. 

316. 

490. 



231, 


X. 




X. 






X. 






579. 






231, 


422, 


456, 556 


375. 






231. 






348. 






413, 


551. 




422, 


564. 




503. 






116. 






454. 






375, 


490. 




365. 






375, 


489, 


490. 


375, 


456, 


489, 490 


37. 






205, 


543. 




543. 






564. 






327. 






560. 






422. 







SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



107 



TAH-E 17B. --";ynt he fi 



wtirp reporteri , 



icalr;: Metiicin»ls for u 
ifit^nt i fieii hy manufactv 



ich United St/tte-: prnrliict i 
nr , i95(5- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 



tnoid--Contln 



»Dyes, medicinal--Continued 

2,4-Diamino-'»' -ethoxyazobenzene hydrochloride 
(Serenium ). 

Gentian violet 

Merbromin (Dibromohydroxymercurifluoresceln, 
sodium salt ), 

Methylene blue 

Methyl violet 

Proflavine (3,6-Diaminoacridine sulfate) 

Scarlet red (Phenol red) 

Trypan blue 

All other 

l-Ephedrine (a-(l-Methylaininoethyl)benzyl alcohol) 

Ephedrine, racemic 

N-Ethyl-3,3'-diphenyldipropylamine 

N-Ethyl-3 , 3 ' -diphenyldlpropylamine citrate 

N-Ethyl-3,3'-diphenyldipropylamine hydrochloride — 

Ethylene glycol salicylate 

N-Ethylephedrine hydrochloride 

Ethyl (iodophenyl)hendecanoate (Pantopaque) 

a-Ethyl-a-phenylglutarimlde (Doriden) 

Ethyl salicylate 

Ethyl salicylate carbonate 

Gallic acid 

Gentisic acid (2,5-Dihydroxybenzoic acid) 

Glycol monosalicylate 

Guaiacol, liquid and crystalline 

Hexylresorcinol 

p-Hydroxyacetanilide 

m-Hydroxybenzaldehyde 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid esters : 

Benzyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

n-Butyl p-hydroxybenzoate (Butoben) 

Ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

Propyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

P -Hydroxy-p -(2,5 -dimethoxyphenyl )isopropylamine 

hydrochloride (Methoxamine ) . 
o-[3-(Hydroxymercuri )-2-(methoxyethoxy ) propyl- 
carbamoyl] phenoxyacetic acid (Merethoxylline ). 
Hydroxymerouri-'i-nltro-o-cresol anhydride 
(Metaphen ) . 

A-Hydroxy-3-nitrobenzenearsonic acid 

p-Hydroxypropiophenone (Hydrophen ) 

3-Hydroxypropylene ester of 3-acetamido-'i-hydroxy- 
dithiobenzenearsonous acid (Arsthlnol). 

o-Iodobenzoic acid 

a- ( Isopropylaminomethyl )protocatechuyl alcohol 
(Aleudrine). 

Mandelic acid ( Phenylglycolic acid) 

Mandellc acid derivatives; 

Ammonium mandelate 

Calcium mandelate 

N-2-Hydroxyethylmandelamide 

o-Methoxy-N,^-dimethylphenethylamine (l-(o- 
Methoxyphenyl )-2-methylamino-propane ) hydro- 
chloride. 
*3-(o-Methoxyphenoxy )-l,2-propanediol (Glyceryl 

guaiacyl ether). 
»a-Methylphenethylamine (Amphetamine) (Benzedrine) 
base. 

d-a-?;1ethylphenethylamine base 

a-Methylphenethylamine salts : 

a -Me thylphene thylamine hydroc hloride 

a -Me thylphene thylamine phosphate 

*a-Methylphene thylamine sulfate 

d-a-Methylphenethylamine salts; 

d -a-Methylphenethylamine hydrochloride 

d-a-Methylphenethylamine phosphate 

d-a-Methylphenethylamine sulfate 

2-Naphthol (P-Naphthol) 

♦2-Naphthyl benzoate 

Neostigmine bromide 

♦Neostigmine methyl sulfate 

Neosynephrine (Phenylephrine) hydrochloride 

p-Nitrobenzenearsonic acid 

'♦-(2-Nitropropenyl)veratrole (l-(3,'4-Dimethoxy- 
phenyl) -2-nitropropane-l) . 



506. 
34, ^2. 

506, 537. 

506. 

506. 

506. 

506. 

506. 

560. 

560. 

231. 

231. 

231. 

365. 

115. 

477. 

543. 

221. 

365. 

564. 

365. 

221. 

221, 504. 

490, 560. 

86, 375. 

506. 

504. 

365, 504. 

504. 

37, 86, 365, 504. 

37, 86, 365, 504. 

238. 

422. 

456. 

86, 345. 
375, 456. 
291. 

580. 

231, 456, 489. 

564. 

580. 
564. 
422. 
375. 



37, 86, 489. 

321, 375, 396, 490. 

490. 

490. 

375, 490. 
375, 396, 490. 

375, 490. 

375, 490. 

375, 396, 490. 

364. 

364, 414, 560. 

54, 490. 

54, 490, 580. 

348, 364, 489. 

345. 

422. 



108 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: Merlicinals fnr which Vniterl States prcrfii 
were reporter), iHentifieH by manufacturer , J 956- -Continued 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC- -Continued 



no id--rontlnued 



Norephedrine (Propadrine) hydrochloride 

Ootyloresol 

Octylresoroinol 

Paredrine (p-Hydroxy-a-methylphenethylamine ) 

hydrobromide. 
Phenacaine [ (Di-p-ethoxyphenyl)acetamidine] 
hydrochloride. 

Phenacetin (Acetophenetidin) 

Phenolphthalein 

•Phenolsulfonic acid salts: 

Aluminum phenolsulfonate 

Ammonium phenolsulfonate 

Calcium phenolsulfonate 

Copper phenolsulfonate 

Sodium phenolsulfonate 

Zinc phenolsulfonate 

2-Phenyl-l,3-indandione (Danilone ) 

*Phenyl mercuric derivatives : 

o-Chloromercuriphenol (o-Hydroxyphenyimercuric 
chloride ). 

Phenylmercuric acetate 

Phenylmercuric benzoa te 

Phenylmercuric borate 

Phenylmercuric chloride 

Phenylmercuric nitrate 

Phthalazone 

Pyrogallic acid 

Resorcinol monoacetate 

»Salicylamide 

•Salicylic acid 

•Salicylic acid salts: 

•Ammonium salicylate 

Bismuth salicylate 

•Calcium salicylate 

Magnesium salicylate 

Mercuric salicylate 

Potassium salicylate 

•Sodium salicylate 

Strontium salicylate 

Sallcyl salicylate (Salysal ) 

Salol (Phenyl salicylate) 

Silver picrate 

Sodium antimony III biscatechol-2,4-disulfonate 
(Fouadin). 

Sodium benzyl succinate 

Sodium ethylmercurl thlosalicylate 

Sodium o-lodohippurate dihydrate (Hippuran) 

Sodium phenoxyacetate 

•Sulfa drugs: 

N'''-Acetyl-3,4-dimethyl-5-sulfanilamldo isoxazole- 

Benzoylsulfanilamide 

Benzoylsulfanilamlde, sodium salt 

p-Benzylaminobenzenesulfonamide 

N''--(3,4-Dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl)sulfanilamide 

2-Methyl-l,3,^,5-sulfanilamldothiadiazole 

Neo-Prontosil "S" 

Nisulfazole 

p-(p-Nitrophenylsulfonamldo)acetanilide 

(N'-Acetyl-N'--(^-nitrophenyl) sulfanilamide). 

N'*-Phthalylsulfaacetamide 

Phthalylsulfathiazole 

Prontosil soluble (Disodium "i-sulfaminophenyl- 
2-azo-7-acetylaniino-l-hydroxynaphthalene-3, 
6-dlsulfonate). 

Sulfadiazine » 

Sulfadiazine, sodium salt 

Sulfaethylthiodiazole 

Sulfaguanidine 

Sulfamerazine (2-Sulfanllamide-i-methyl- 
pyTimidine ) . 

Sulfamerazine, sodium salt 

Sulfamethazine (Sulf adimethyldiazine) 

Sulfamethoxypyridazine 

Sulfanilamide (p-Aminobenzenesulfonamide) 

N-Sulfanilylacetamide (Sulfaacetamide) 

N-Sulfanilylacetamide, sodium salt 

Sulfapyridine 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



3W. 
3W. 
396. 

348, 489. 

221, 252. 
221. 

564. 

86, 345. 

564. 

564. 

345, 564, 579. 

564. 

231, 489. 

238, 240, 283. 

307. 

240, 307. 

240, 307. 

307. 

240, 307. 

506. 

564. 

321, 364, 477. 

86, 169, 469, 579. 

221, 252, 492, 504. 

37, 86, 442, 564. 

564. 

86, 252, 564. 

564. 

564. 

86, 442, 564. 

221, 252, 504. 

86, 252, 564. 

86. 

252, 442. 

580, 594. 

348. 

205. 

54, 422, 556. 

564. 

456. 

454. 
537. 
537. 
348. 
454. 
537. 
348. 
348. 
345. 

37, 205, 537, 551. 

413. 

348. 



537. 
537. 
537. 
537. 
537. 



577. 



537. 

537, 

537. 

537. 560. 

37, 205, 551. 

37, 551. 

537, 560. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



109 



TABLE ITB. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicit 
were reported, identified by 



als for which United States product i 
manufacturer, 7956- -Continued 



Manufacturers' Identification numbers 
(according to list In table 27) 



MEDICINAl^, CYCLIC— Continued 



Bent 



id--Contln 



♦Sulfa drugs — Continued 

Sulfapyridine, sodium salt 

Sulfaquinoxaline 

Sulfasuxidine (Succinylsulfathlazole) 

Sulfathalidine 

Sulfathiazole 

Sulfathiazole, sodium salt 

[Sulfonylbis(p-phenyleniniino)l dimethanesulflnic 
acid, disodium salt (Dlasone). 

Tannin albuminate (Tannalbin) 

Tannin-formaldehyde 

Thiophenol 

Thiosallcyllc acid 

Thymol 

Thymol Iodide-— 

»3-o-Toloxy-l,2-propanediol (o-Cresyl a-glyceryl 
ether). 
Vitamins : 

»K (Menadione) (2-Methyl-l,'4-naphthoqulnone) 

K (Menadione), sodium bisulfite 

K (2-Methyl-l,4-naphthoquinone-diphosphoric 

ester, tetrasodium salt). 
Ki (2-Methyl-3-phytyl-l,<i-naphthoquinone) 

AUcyclic and Heterocyclic 

5-Acetamido-l,3,4-thiodiazole-2-sulfonamide 

Adenine base 

Adenine hydrochloride 

Adenine sulfate 

Adenosine 

Adenosinediphosphoric acid 

Adenosinediphosphoric acid, barium salt 

Adenosine-5-phosphoric acid 

Adenosinetriphosphoric acid and salt 

Adenylic acid 

Adenylic acid, isomers A and B 

*^Alkalcids and related products; 

Arecoline (Methyl 1,2,5,6-tetrahydromethyl 
nicotinate) hydrobromide. 

Atropine amineoxide hydrochloride 

Berberine hydrochloride 

Erucine 

Colchicine 

♦Digitalis glucosldes : 

Digifolin 

Digitalin 

Digitonin 

Digitoxin 

Digoxin 

Gitalin 

Ergotamine tartrate 

Eserine salicylate 

Ethylmorphine hydrochloride 

Eucatropine hydrochloride 

»Homatropine 

Homatropine hydrobromide 

Homatropine methyl bromide 

Hydrastine 

Hydras tine hydrochloride 

1-3-Hydroxy-N-allylmorphinan tartrate 

1-3-f^droxy-N-methylmorphinan tartrate 

Hyoscine (Scopolamine) amineoxide hydrobromide- 

d-3-Methoxy-N-methylmorphinan hydrobromide 

Nicotine salicylate 

Rauwolfia serpentina (Alseroxylon) fraction 

*Reserpine 

Strychnine 

Totaquine 

Totaquine sulfate 

Veratrine 

Veratrum viride (Alkavervir) 

Allantoin (5-Ureidohydantoin) 

6-Allyl-6,7-dihydro-5H-dibenz[c,e]azepine, 
phosphate- salt. 
*Amino acids : 

dl-Acetyltryptophane 

Histamine dihydrochloride 

dl and 1-Histidine 



537, 


560. 






560. 








-ilS, 


560. 






506. 








537, 


560. 






537, 


560. 






Ai6. 








37, 


86, 364. 




36A. 








54. 








422, 


556. 






337, 


369, 


482 




560, 


564. 






86, 


365, 


414, 


490. 


321 


456, 


489 


490, 555 


456 








454 









537. 

175. 

175. 

175, 477. 

175, 470. 

470. 

175. 

175, 470. 

175, 470. 

175. 

175. 

527. 

15. 

456, 469, 474. 

560. 

456, 469. 

543. 

469. 

469. 

533, 594. 

238. 

469. 

474. 

469. 

564. 

60. 

231, 291, 490, 560. 

231, 490. 

231, 490, 560. 

469. 

456, 469. 

454. 

454. 

86. 

454. 

364. 

344. 

306, 344, 469, 519, 543, 560. 

560. 

469. 

469. 

469. 

344. 

364, X. 

454. 



348. 
454. 
55. 



110 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLF. 17B. --.Synthetic organic chemicals: Kedicinals for which United States prnrhic 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, 7956- -Continued 



Manufacturers' Identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MEDICINAL5, CYCLIC--Continued 



AH 



nd Hett 



--Tontlnuert 



•Amino acids --Continued 

dl and 1-Histidine monohydrochloride 

1-Histidine dihydrochloride 

Hydroxy-1-proline 

1-Proline 

d -Tryptophane 

dl-Tryptophane 

2-Amino-5-chlorobenzoxazole 

2-Amino-5-nitrothiazole (Enheptin) 

•Antibiotics for human or veterinary use: 

Actidione 

Amphcmycin 

Bacitracin 

Carbomycin (Magnamycin) 

Chloroampheniool (Chloromycetin) 

Chlorotetracycline (Aureomycin) hydrochloride 

Cycloserine 

•Dihydrostreptomycin 

Erythromycin 

Fumaglllin 

Gramicidin 

•Neomycin, base 

Novobiocin 

Nystatin 

Oleandomycin 

Oxytetracycline (Terramycin) hydrochloride 

•Penicillin salts: 

Aluminum penicillin G 

Benzathine penicillin G 

Benzathine penicillin V 

Chloroprocaine penicillin 

1-Ephenamine penicillin G 

Hydrobamine penicillin V 

Penicillin V 

•Potassium penicillin G 

Potassium penicillin 

Potassium penicillin V 

•Procaine penicillin G 

Sodium penicillin G 

Sodium penicillin 

Polymixin B sulfate 

•Streptomycin 

•Tetracycline (Achromycin) 

Tyrothrlcin 

Vlomycin 

•Antibiotics for animal feed supplements, food 
preservation, and crop spraying: 

Bacitracin 

Chlorotetracycline (Aureomycin) hydrochloride 

Oxytetracycline (Terramycin) hydrochloride 

Penicillin salts : 

Benzathine penicillin G 

Procaine penicillin G 

Streptomycin 

•Antihistamines : 

2-(Benzhydryloxy)-N,N-dimethylethylamlne 8- 

chlorotheophylllnate . 
N-Benzyl-N',N'-dimethyl-N-2-pyridylethylenedl- 

amine. 
2-[ Benzyl(2-dimethylaminoethyl )amino] pyridine 
(N,N-Dlmethyl-N'-benzyl-N'-pyTidylethylenedi- 
amlne). 
1-^4-Chlorobenzhydryl )-4-methylplperazlne hydro- 
chloride. 
2-[(p-Chlorobenzyl)(2-dlmethylaminoethyl)] - 

pyridine . 
2-[ l-(p-Chlorophenyl) -3-dlmethylamlnopropyl] - 
pyridine maleate ( Chlorophenylpyridamlne 
maleate) . 
l-(p-Chlorophenyl)-2-phenyl-4-pyrrolidyl-2- 

butanol . 
l-(p-Chlorophenyl)-2-phenyl-'i-pyTrolidyl-l- 

butene diphosphate and hydrochloride. 
l-(p-Chlorophenyl ) -2 -phenyl --i-pyrrolldyl-l- 

butene hydrobromlde. 
2[(5-Chloro-2-thenyl) (2-dimethylaminoethyl) amino], 
pyridine citrate (N,N-Dlmethyl-N'2-pyTidyl- 
N'2-(5-chlorothenyl) ethylenediamlne citrate). 
2-[a-(2-Dimethylamlnoethoxy)-a-methylbenzyl] - 
pyridine succinate (2-(Methyl-2'-dimethyl- 
aininoethoxybenzyl )pyrldlne succinate ) . 



■422, X. 

37-1, .422, 537, 560. 

422, -456. 



55. 

55. 

578. 

578. 

252. 

3-48. 

375. 

537. 

283. 

503. 

306, 336, 469, 560. 

306. 

407. 

537. 

336, 

306, 

283, 

456. 

469. 

283, 306, 374, 469, 537, 560. 

X, X. 

374. 

306. 

306. 



306. 
306, 
594. 
283. 
336. 
456. 
422, 
283, 
283. 
456. 
283, 
283, 
283. 
306. 
306, 
306, 
469. 
306. 



594. 

306, 336, 374, 422, 456, 503, 560, 594. 



306, 336, 374, 422, 456, 503, 560, 594. 
306, 374, 560. 



374, 422, 537, 560. 
503, 537. 



336, 366, 470, 560. 

537. 

306. 



306, 374, 422, 456, 503, 560. 
306, 560. 

207. 

543. 

543. 

456. 
551. 
551. 

422. 
422. 
422. 
221, 537. 

335. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



111 



TABLE 17B. - -Synthetic organise chemicals: Xedicinals for which United States proriucti 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , 7956--Cbntinuef1 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 



All 



»Alithlstamlne6 — Continued 

2- [ (2-Dimethylaiiiinoethyl )(p-methoxybenzyl )- 

amino] pyridine, maleate. 
2-((2-Dimethylamlnoethyl)(p-methoxybenzyl)- 
amlno]pyrimldine (N,N-Dimethyl-N'-p- 
methoxybenzyl-N-2-pyrlmldyletliylenediamlne ) . 
2- [( 2-Dimethylaminoe tiyl ) tiienylamlno] pyridine 
fumarate (N,N-Dimetl^l-N'2-pyridyl-N'2- 
thenylethylenediamine fumarate). 
2- [(2-Dimethylamlnoethyl )thenylamino] pyridine 
hydrochloride (N,N-Dimethyl-N'2-pyridyl-N'2- 
thenylethylenediamlne hydrochloride). 
N- (2 '-Dimethylamlno-2' -methyl) ethylphenothiazine 

hydrochloride. 
2- [3- (Dimethylamlno)-l-phenylpropyl] pyridine 

(l-Phenyl-l-(2-pyridyl)-3-dimethylamlnopropane ). 
2-[ 3-(Diiiiethylaiiiino)-l-phenylpropyl Jpyrldine 

maleate ( Prophenpyxldamlne maleate). 
2-Methyl-9-phenyl-2,3,'i,9-tetrahydro-l- 

pyrldindene t^drogen tartrate. 
N-(l-Pyrrolidyl )ethylphenothiazine hydrochloride-- 

Antipyrine (1,5 -Dimethyl -2 -phenyl-3-pyrazolone ) 

^-Barbituric acid 

»Barbituric acid derivatives: 

5-Allyl-5-sec-butylbarbituric acid 

5-Allyl-5-(2-cyclopenten-l-yl)barbituric acid 
and salt (Cyclopal). 

5-Allyl-5-isobutylbarbituric acid and salt 

5-Allyl-5-isopropylbarbituric acid (Alurate) 

»5-Allyl-5-(l-methylbutyl)barbituric acid (Seco- 
barbital) and salt. 
5-Allyl-5-phenylbarbiturlc acid and salt 
(Alphenal ) . 

5-n-Butyl-5-ethylbarbituric acid (Neonal) 

»5-sec-Butyl-5-ethylbarbituric acid 

5-sec-Butyl-5-ethylbarbituric acid, sodium salt--- 
5-(l-Cyclohexen-l-yl )-l, 5-dimethylbarbituric 

acid (Evipal). 
5-(l-Cyclohexen-l-yl )-l, 5-dlmethylbarbiturio 

acid, sodium salt. 
5-(l-Cyclohe5cen-l-yl)-5-ethylbarbituric acid and 
salt. 

5,5-Diallylbarbituric acid (Dial) 

»5,5-Diettyrlbarbituric acid (Barbital) 

5,5-Dlethylbarbituric acid, sodium salt 

5-Ethyl-5-isoamylbarbituric acid and salt 
(Amytal). 

5-Ethyl-5-isopropylbarbituric acid and salt 

5-Ethyl-5-(l-methyl-l-butenyl)barbituric acid 
(Delvinal). 
»5-£thyl-5- ( 1 -methyl -n-butyl )barbituric ac id 
( Pentob arb i tal ) . 
5-Ethyl-5- (1-methyl -n-butyl )barbituric acid, 

sodium salt. 
5-Ethyl-5-(l-methyl -n-butyl )-2-thiobarbiturlo 

acid and salt (Pentothal). 
5-Ethyl-l-methyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid (Mepho- 
barbltal) . 
»5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbiturlc acid (Phenobarbital) 
^Luminal ). 

5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid, calcium salt 

«5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid, sodium salt 

5-[2-(Methylthio)-ethyl]-5-(l-methylbutyl)-2- 
thiobarbituric acid. 

Barium inosinate 

l-Benzamido-l-phenyl-3-piperidinopropane 

(Digammacaine) base and hydrochloride. 
N-Benzhydryl-N'-methylpiperazine (Cyclizine) base 

and hydrochloride. 
N-Benzoyl ethyl-piperidine oxime and hydrochloride-- 
2-Benzyl-2-imida2oline (Tolazoline) hydrochloride--- 
»Bile acids and salts: 

Bilirubin --- ■ 

Bilron 

Cholic acid 

»Dehydrocholic acid 

Del^drocholic acid, sodium salt 

»Desoxyoholic acid 



560. 
361. 

221, ^56. 



221, 3A8, Ait. 




59-;. 




551. 




551. 




A5A. 




283. 




252. 




330, 456. 




SAS. 




AS9. 




375, 489. 




37, 454. 




29, 266, 414, 422, 


489. 


489. 




456. 




29, 375, 456, 489. 




29, 266, 456, 489. 




266, 348. 




348. 




348. 




489. 




422, 456, 489. 




456, 489. 




266, 422, 489. 




456. 




X. 




29, 266, 456, 489. 




266, 375, 456, 489 




456. 




348. 




266, 330, 348, 456 


489, 564 


266. 




266, 346, 489, 564 




551. 




175. 




422. 




238. 




422. 




231. 




166, 477. 




422. 




97, 166, 308. 




97, 166, 308, 511, 


560. 


308. 




97, 166, 308, 348, 


474, 511. 



112 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE ITS. '-Synthetic organic chemicals: HfeHicin 
were reported, icient i fieti by 



lis fnr which United States production or sale 
lanufacturer , i95«- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC- -Continued 



Ali 



nd Hete 



rIic--Continued 



"Bile acids and salts — Continued 

»Ketocholanio acids 

Mixed oxidized bile acids 

*Bromocainphor, mono 

'i-N-(Butoxy)phenyl-4-morpholinyl propyl ether 

hydrochloride. 
a-Butyloxycinchoninic acid diethylethylenedlamide 

and hydrochloride (Nupercaine) . 

♦Caffeine, natural ■>'-■ 

"Caffeine, synthetic 

Caffeine, derivatives, natural and synthetic: 

Caffeine citrate 

Caffeine sodium benzoate 

Camphor, synthetic, U.S.P 

"Camphoric acid 

•Camphoric anhydride 

Camphosulfonic acid 

Camphosulfonic acid salts: 

Calcium camphosulfonate 

Sodium camphosulfonate 

N-[3-(Carboxymethylmercaptomercuri )-2-iiiethoxy- 

propyl]-a-cajnphorainate, disodium salt. 

Cellulose, oxidized 

Chlorisondamine (Ecolid) chloride 

7-Chloro-<i-(4-diethylamlno-l-methylbutylamino)- 

quinoline (Aralen). 
»5-Chloro-7-lodo-8-quinolinol ( lodochlorohydroxy- 

quinoline ) . 
'4-[3-(2-Chlor-10-phenothiazyl)-propyl] -l-(2- 

hydroxyethyl ) -piperazine . 

P-Cholesterol 

Cinchophen (2-Phenylquinoline-'i-carboxylic acid) — 
Cinchophen (2-Phenylquinoline-<i-carboxylio acid) 

hydroiodide. 

Cinchophen, sodium salt 

Cocarboxylase 

Coenzyme A 

Co rami, ne (Nikethamide ) 

Cozymase 

1,4-Cyclohexanedione 

a-Cyclohexyl-a-phenyl-1-piperidinepropanol 

a-Cyclohexyl-a-phenyl-l-pyrrolidinepropanol 

methylchloride . 

Cyclopentanol 

Cyclopentyl bromide 

l-Cyclopentyl-2-methylpropylamlne (Cyclopentamine) 

hydrochloride. 

Cytidine and cytidine sulfate 

Cytidylic acid 

Cytosine 

Desoxyribonucleic acid 

Dextran (Glucopyranose anhydride) 

2,<<-Diamlno-5-(p-chlorophenyl)-6-ethylpyrimidine--- 

2,6-Diamino-3-phenylazopyridine 

d,3,4(l',3'-Dlbenzyl-2'-keto-imidazolido)-l,2- 

trimethylene thiophanium d-camphorsulfonate. 

i,7-Dichloroquinoline 

Diethylaminocarbethoxybioyclohexyl (Dicyclomine) 

hydrochloride (Bentyl hydrochloride). 
6-(2-Diethylamlnoethoxy)-2-dimethylaminobenzo- 

thiazole hydrochloride. 
l-Diethylcarbamyl-'i-methylpiperazine dihydrogen 

citrate (Hetrazan). 

3,3-Diethyl-2,'i-dioxopiperidine 

3,3-Diethyl-5-methyl-2,'^-piperidinedione 

N,N-Diethylpicolinamide (Pyridlne-p-carboxylic 

acid, diethylamide). 

"Dihydrocodeinone bi tartrate 

Dihydrohydroxycodeinone hydrochloride 

3,5-Dilodo-N-methyl-'+-pyridone-2,6-dicarboxylic 

acid. 
3,5-Diiodo-<i-pyridone-N-acetio acid, diethanol- 

amlne. 

»5,7-Diiodo-8-quinolinol ■ 

1,'i-Dimethanesulfonoxybutane (Myleran) 

6,7-Dimethoxy-l-('«-ethoxy-3-methoxyben2yl )-3- 

methylquinoline phosphate (Dioxyline phosphate). 



207, 291, 


308, 348, 511 


166, 291. 




252, <i69, 


564. 


456. 




543. 




221, 271, 


350. 


221, 306. 




306, 560, 


564. 


489, 560, 


564. 


253, 369. 




37, 364, 


508. 


37, 364. 




37. 




37, 364. 




37, 364. 




594. 




443. 




543. 




34S. 




37, 205, 


240, 543. 


551. 




166. 




537. 




422. 




537. 




175. 




470. 




37, 543. 




175, 470. 




506. 




537. 




422. 




422. 




422. 




422. 




175, 470 




175. 




175, 330 




588. 




112, 336. 




238. 




29, 361. 




454. 




407. 




335. 





454. 
454. 
321. 

291, 442, 564. 

291. 

551. 



37, 205, 207, 240. 

238. 

422. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



113 



TABLE ITB.-Syntheti 



r^anic chemicals: KetiicinaJa for which United States prorlucti 
reported, identified by manufacturer , 1956- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification nurabere 
(according to Hat in table 27) 



MEDICINALS, CYCIJC--Contlnued 



AUcycU 



nd Hett 



:lic--Contlr 



p,a-DlJn^thylbenzyl camphorate, dlethanolamlne 

salt. 
p,o-Dlmethylbenzyl oamphorate, N-ethyl-3,3'- 

diphenyldipropylamlne salt. 
N, g-Dimethylcyclohexane -ethylnml ne (1-Cyclohexyl- 

2-methylamlnoprcpane ). 
l,3-Dlaiethyl-'i-phenyl-'i-proplonoxypiperidlne 

hydrochloride (dl a form). 
N, N-Dimethyl-'i-piperidylldene-l, l-dlphenylmethane 
methyl sulfate (Diphenmethanil methyl sulfate). 
Diothane (Piperldlnepropanediol dlpheny lure thane) 
base. 

Diothane hydrochloride 

5,5-Dlphenylhydantoin 

»5,5-Diphenylhydantoin, sodium salt 

Epoxytropine-tropate methylbromlde 

5-Ethyl-3,5-dlmethyl-2,'l-oxazolidinedione 

Ethyl l-methyl-4-phenylisonlpecotate (Demerol) 

3-Ethyl-5-phenylhydantoin 

N-Ethyl-3-piperidyl benzllate metho bromide 

N-Ethyl-3-piperidyl diphenylacetate hydrochloride- 

Ethynyl cyclohexyl carbamate (Valmid) 

Fructose (Levulose ) 

Fructose-l,6-dlphosphate, dlcalcium salt 

Fructose-6-phosphate, barium salt 

Furfuryl methyl ether 

Galactose 

Glucose-6-phosphate, barium salt 

Glucose-1-phosphate, potassium salt 

Glucuronolactone 

Guanine 

Guanine hydrochloride 

Guanine sulfate 

Guanos ine 

Guanylic acid, sodium salt 

Hexamethylenetetramine 

Hexamethylenetetramine aoetamlnosalicylio acid 

(Sallhexln). 
Hexamethylenetetramine anhydromethylene citrate 
(Helmitol). 

Hexamethylenetetramine mandelate 

Hexamethylenetetramine sulfosalicylate 

Hexamethylenetetramine tetraiodide 

Hexokinase 

Hexosediphosphorlc acid salts: 

Barium hexosediphosphate 

Calcium hexosediphosphate 

Magnesium hexosediphosphate 

•Hormones (steroid): 

Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) 

l,A-Androstadienedione 

Dehydroisoandrosterone 

Estradiol 17-cyclopentylpropionate 

Estrogenic substance 

Estrone 

9-a-Fluorohydrocorti3one 

9-a-Fluorohydrocort,isone acetate 

•Hydrocortisone alcohol and acetate 

Hydrocortisone cyclopentylpropionate 

Hydrocortisone diethylamlnoaoetate hydro- 
chloride. 

Hydrocortisone, sodium succinate 

»17-Hydroxy-ll-dehydrocortlcosterone (Cortisone ) 
and acetate. 

21-Hydroxypregnanedione, sodium succinate ■ 

Methylandrostenedlal 

Methyltestosterone 

Piperazine estrone sulfate 

•Prednisolone 

Prednisolone alcohol and acetate 

Prednisone ( l-Dehydrocortlsone ) 

Prednisone alcohol and acetate 

5,16-Pregnadiene-3-(P)-ol-20-one-acetate oxime- 

16,17-epoxy-5-Pregnenolone acetate 

Progesterone 

Reichsteins substance S acetate 

Reichsteins substance S alcohol 

Testosterone 

19-nDr-Testosterone 17-benzoate 



231. 
231. 
396. 

551. 



115, 


297. 




-iU, 


489. 




29, 


37, 414, 489, 490 


283. 






4.56. 






348. 






456. 






137. 






U7. 






422. 






360. 






175. 






175. 






297. 






360. 






175. 






175, 


588. 




476. 






175. 






175, 


477, 


588. 


175. 






175, 


470. 




175. 






504. 






456. 






37, 


348. 




86, 


361. 




218. 






37. 






470. 






175. 






175. 






175. 






166, 


283, 


407. 


174. 






174. 






283. 






498. 






407. 






374, 


560. 




283. 






283, 


306, 


560. 


283. 






306. 






283. 






283, 


551, 


560. 


306. 






174, 


543. 




174, 


543. 




456. 






306, 


551, 


560. 


283. 






551, 


560. 




283. 






174. 






174 






174 


407, 


X. 


559 






559 






174 


543. 




498 







114 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: Kedicinala for vhich United States proHu 
were reported, identified hy manufacturer , 1956- -Continued 



Manufacturers' Identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC—Continued 



All 



n</ Hett 



-Continued 



•Hormones (steroid )--Continued 

Testosterone cyclopentylpropionate 

Testosterone propionate 

1-Hydrazlnonaphthalazine hydrochiorlde 

8-Hydroxy-7-iodo-5-quinolinesulfonic acid (Yatren 
acid and salt. 

Hydroxy-i-methylmeroaptobutyric acid 

3-Hydroxy-l-methylpyTidinlum bromide dimethyl 
carbamate. 

8-Hydroxy-5-quinolinesulfonlc acid 

Hypoxanthlne 

lodoantlpyrlne ■ 

Isonicotinic acid hydrazlde 

N^-Isonlcotinoyl-N^-sallcylldene hydrazine 

I^sidlne bl tartrate 

Maltose 

Menthyl salicylate 

homo-Menthyl salicylate 

6-Mercaptopurine 

p-Methoxy-y-hydroxymercurlc propylamlde of cam- 
phoric acid (Mercurial acid). 
P-Methoxy-y-hydroxymercurlc propylamlde of cam- 
phoric acid, sodium salt with theophylline 
(Mercupurin). 
8-(2'-Methoxy-3-hydroxymercurl )propylooumarin- 
3-carboxyllc acid (Mercumallyllc acid). 

Methoxyoximerouripropylsuccinyl urea 

Methylcholanthrene 

3,3'-Methylenebls [4-hydroxyooumarin] (Dioumarol)-- 

«Methyl nlcotinate 

N-Methyl-3-plperldylbenzilatemethobromide 

N-Methylpiperldyl-3-methylphenothlazine hydro- 
chloride hydrate. 

3-(2-Methyl-l-piperidyl)propyl alcohol 

3-(2-Methyl-l-piperidyl)propyl benzoate 

(Metycalne ) . 
3- (2-Methyl-l-piperidyl )propyl p-cyclohexyl- 
oxybenzoate . 

Methyl thlouracll 

l-Methyl-2-undeoyl-3-benzyl Imidazolium bromide 

l-Methyl-2-undecyl-3-benzyl Imidazolium chloride-- 

l-Methyl-2-undecylimidazole 

Methyluracil 

Myristyl-Y-picolinium chloride (CJuatresln) 

2-(l-Naphthylmethyl)-2-imldazoline (Privlne) 

hydrochloride. 
Neocinchophen (Ethyl 6-methyl-2-phenylcinchoni- 
nate ) . 

5-Nitro-2-furaldehyde diacetate 

5-Nitro-2-furaldehyde semicarbazone (Furacln) 

5-Nitro-2-furfurylidene-l-amlnohydantoin 

(Furadantin). 
N-(5-Nltro-2- furfurylidene) -3-amino-2-oxazolidene- 

5-Nitro-2-furfuryl methyl ether ■ 

Novalgln (l-Phenyl-2, 3 -dimethyl -A-methylamlno-5- 
pyrazolone formaldehyde bisulfite). 

Nucleic acid 

Nucleic acid salts 

Pamaquine (Plasmochin) (N-Diethylaminolsopentyl- 
8-amlno-6-methoxyquinoline ) . 

Papaverine hydrochloride, synthetic 

Perparin base 

Perparin hydrochloride 

Phenothlazine 

Phytic acid 

Phytic acid, calcium salt 

*Piperazine, hexahydrate 

»Plperazlne derivatives: 

N-Carbethoxypiperazlne 

N- (P -Cyclohexyl-P -hydroxy-P -phenyl )ethyl-N' - 

methylplperazine methosulf ate . 
N-( |3, p-Dlphenyl-P-hydroxy )ethyl-N'-methylpip- 
erazine dihydrochlorlde. 

N-Methyl-N-carbethoxypiperazine 

Methyl-N-methyl-N-piperazine acetate 

Plperazine adipate 

Piperazine ammonium chloride 

Plperazine calcium ethylenediamine acetate 



283. 
IV-i, 543. 

37, 205, 240. 

253. 
454. 

205, 240. 

175, 588. 

564. 

361, 374. 

361. 

365. 

360. 

365. 

365. 

238. 

364. 

364, 594. 



291. 

137. 

477. 

456, 537. 

37, 86, 321, 361, 365. 

137. 

361. 

422. 
422. 

422. 

175, 588. 

422. 

422. 

422. 

175, 588. 

283. 

543. 

537. 

297. 
297. 
297. 

297. 
297. 
86, 348. 

175. 
175. 
348. 



422, 
365. 
365, 
148, 
496. 
476, 
37, ! 



375. 

252, 253, 256. 



496. 

16, 365, 405, 456, 529, 580. 



456. 
456. 

456. 

456. 

456. 

37, 86, 365. 

365. 

291. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



115 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which United States pr 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, J956- -Continued 



Manufacturers' Identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC--Continued 



Ali 



nd Hctt 



-Continued 



»Pipera2ine derivatives — Continued 

Piperazine chloride 

»Piperazine citrate 

Piperazine dihydrochloride 

Piperazine dihydroiodide 

Piperazine hydrochloride 

Piperazine phosphate 

»Piperazine tartrate 

sym-N-Tetramethylpiperaizine diiodide 

o-(2-Piperidyl)benzhydrol hydrochloride 

a-('i-Piperidyl jbenzhydrol hydrochloride 

6-Propyl-2-thiouracil 

P-Pyridyl-carbinol and tartrate 

Quinacrine (Atebrln) (2-Methoxy-6-chloro-9- 

diethylaminopentylaminoacridine ) . 
8-Qulnolinol (8-Hydroxyquinoline) salts and esters: 

8-Quinolinol base 

8-CJuinolinol benzoate 

8-Quinolinol citrate 

8-Quinolinol hydrochloride 

8-Quinolinol sulfate (Quinosol) 

8-CJuinolinol sulfate, magnesium salt 

8-Quinolinol sulfate, potassium salt 

8-Qulnolinol sulfate, zinc salt 

8-Qainolinol-5-sulfonic acid 

Rutin 

Terpinol hydrate 

'i,5,6,7-Tetrachloro-2-(2-dlmethylaminoethyl)- 
isoindoline dimethiodide. 

Theobromine, natural 

Theobromine derivatives: 

Theobromine calcium gluconate 

Theobromine calcium salicylate 

Theobromine salicylate . 

Theobromine sodium acetate 

♦Theobromine sodium salicylate 

•Theophylline ( 1,3 -Dime thy Ixanthine) base and 
derivatives : 

p -Hydroxypropyltheophylline 

Theophylline base 

Theophylline cholinate 

Theophylline ethylenediamine (Aminophylline) 

Theophylline ethylenediamine, sodium biphosphate-- 

Theophylline magnesium 

Theophylline methoxyoximercuripropylsueolnylurea— 

Theophylline sodium acetate 

2-Thiouracil 

Thymidine 

•Tranquillizers (including benzenoid): 

l-p-Chlorobenzhydrol-'i-[ 2-(2-hydroxyethoxy ) 

ethyl] -piperazine (Hydroxyzine) dihydrochloride 
2-Chloro-10-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)phenothiazine 
(Chlorpromazlne) hydrochloride. 

2-(p-Chlorophenyl)-3-methyl-2,3-butanediol 

10- (Y-Dimethylamlnopropyl )phenothiazine 

( Promazine ) hydrochloride . 
a-(<i-Plperidyl)benzhydrol (Azocyclonol) hydro- 
chloride. 

3,5,5-Trimethyl-2,4-oxazolidinedione (Tridione) 

Tropine benzhydryl ether methanesulfonate 

Uracil 

Uric acid 

Uridine — - 

Uridine triphosphate 

Uridylic acid 

•Vitamins : 

•A, from all sources: 

A acetate 

A acetate (feed grade) 

A alcohol 

A esters (natural) 

A palmltate 

A palmitate (feed supplement) 

P-Carotene 

•Bi (Thiamin hydrochloride) 

•Bi (Thiamin nitrate) 



37, 


86, 205, 238, 365, 374, 489 


205. 






580. 






37. 






37, 


86, 238, 580. 


37, 


86, 365, 489. 


37. 






115. 






115. 






537. 






A5A. 






3A8. 






240, 


459. 




205, 


240, 


459. 


205, 


240, 


459. 


240. 






205, 


240, 


459. 


218. 






205. 






459. 






459. 






205, 


469. 




205, 


469. 




543. 






221, 


271. 




511. 






29. 






560. 






560, 


564. 




442, 


560, 


564. 


489. 






266, 


306, 


489, 564. 


361. 






3, 205, 207, 266, 306, 489, 560 


442. 






564. 






137. 






489, 


564. 




537. 






175. 






306. 






396. 






422. 






594. 






335. 






456. 






560. 






175, 


477, 


588. 


360, 


X. 




175, 


470. 




470. 






175. 






306, 


454, 


477, 519, 560. 


306. 






428, 


519, 


560. 


477. 






306, 


454, 


477, 560. 


306, 


454. 




454. 






306, 


454, 


537, 560. 


306, 


454, 


537, 560. 



116 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 1TB. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Hedicin 
were reported, identified by 



for which United States product i 
jfacturer , /956- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC--Continued 

AlicycUc and Htterocyc lie- -Continued 

^Vitamins- -Continued 

• (Riboflavin for human consumption) (lOO'J) 

(Riboflavin for animal and poultry consumption] 
(lOOfc). 

Riboflavin-5'-phosphate, monosodium salt 

»B6 (Pyridoxine) 

»Bi2, IW: 

Feed grade 

Pharmaceutical quality 

U.S. P. Crystalline 

»D2 (Irradiated ergosterol ) (Calciferol) 

»D3 (Irradiated animal sterol) (Delsterol) 

E (o-Tocopherol) 

E (a-Tocopherol acetate) 

Biotin 

Folic acid 

Inositol 

•Nicotinamide (Niacinamide) 

Nicotinamide hydrobromide 

•Nicotinamide hydrochloride 

•Nicotinic acid (Niacin)- 

Nicotinic acid, iron salt 

Unidentified growth factor (animal feed) 

Xanthine 

Xanthine, monosodium salt 

Xylose 

MEDICINAI^, ACYCLIC 

Acetylcarbromal (l-Acetyl-3-(2-bromo-2-ethyl- 
butyryl)urea). 

Acetylcholine bromide 

Acetylcholine chloride 

S-Aoetylglutathlone 

Acetylmethionlne 

Acetyl-p-methylchollne chloride 

•Amino acids : 

d- Alanine 

dl-Alanine (dl-a-Alanlne ) 

1-Alanine 

•p-Alanine 

l( + )-Arginine 

l(+)-Arginine hydrochloride 

dl-Asparagine monohydrate 

dl-Aspartic acid 

l(+)-Aspartic acid 

1-Cltrulllne 

1-Cysteine 

l(+.)-Cysteine hydroghloride 

Glutamic acid and salts: 

•l(+)-Glutamic acid 

l(+)-Glutamic acid, calcium salt 

l(+)-Glutamlc acid hydrochloride 

l(+)-Glutamic acid, monoammonium salt 

l(+)-Glutamic acid, monopotassium salt 

l( + )-Glutamine .. 

Glycine (Amlnoacetic acid) 

Glycine hydroiodide 

dl-Ieoleucine 

1-Isoleucine 

dl-Leucine 

1-Leucine 

dl-I^sine hydrochloride 

1(+) -lysine hydrochloride 

d-Methionlne 

dl-Methionlne 

1-Methionlne 

Methionine, feed grade 

dl-Norleuolne 

1-Omi thine hydrochloride 

dl-Serine 

dl-Threonine 

d-Valine- ■ 

dl -Valine 

1-Valine -- • 

Amino acid mixtures 

2-Amlno-4-methylhexane 



306, 366, 454, 560. 

306, 336, 366, -iVO, 537, 560. 



454. 

374, 454, 537, 560. 



264, 

560. 

560. 

121, 

121, 

454. 

454. 

454. 

283, 

476, 

226, 

361. 

361. 

39, 

86. 

306. 

175, 

175. 

360. 



375. 



306, 336, 366, 422, 470, 537, 560. 



226, 328, 348, 362, 407, 428, 527. 
348,. 362, 428, 527. 



537. 
496. 
361, 456. 



245, 435, 527, 558, 560. 
588. 



477. 

37, 560. 

175. 

145, 157, 252. 

560, 580. 

175. 

252. 

175. 

456, 515, 527, 560. 

55. 

55, 578. 

55. 

55, 360, 506. 

360. 

175. 

55. 

413. 

110, 328, 379, 496. 

205. 

110, 205, 328. 

328. 

110. 

110. 

252, 266. 

86. 

560. 

175, 252, 358. 

252, 348. 

55, 496, 560. 
252. 

253, 560. 
175. 

252, 253. 
175. 
253. 

360, 560. 
175. 
560. 

348, 360. 
175. 

252, 360, 560. 
175. 

467, 496. 
422. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



117 



TAJl-E 17B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which United States production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1956- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MEDICINALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 



Amyl nitrite (Isoanyl nitrite) 

Auro-thioglucose 

a,a'-A2obls(ohloroformainldine) (Azochlorajnide ) 

»Betaine base 

Betaine hydrate 

»Betaine hydrochloride 

Betaine hydroiodide 

Bromoform (Tribromome thane) 

Bromural (a-Bromoisovalerylurea) 

Caoodylic acid derivatives: 

Iron cacodylate 

Sodium cacodylate 

Calcium borogluconate 

Calcium bromolactobionate 

Calcium iodobehenate 

Calcium lactophosphate 

Calcium levulinate 

Calcium succinate 

Carbaminol choline chloride 

Carbaiiiyl-2-hydroxypropyltrimethylammonium chloride- - 

Carbromal (Bromodiethylacetylcarbamide ) 

Chloral hydrate 

•Chloretone (tert-Trichlorobutyl alcohol) 

3-Chloro-l-diethyl-2-propyn-l-ol (Diethylchloro- 
ethynyl carbinol). 

3-Chloromercuri-2-methoxypropylurea 

P-Chlorovinylethylethynyl carbinol 

"Choline salts : 

Choline bicarbonate 

♦Choline bi tartrate 

♦Choline chloride, for animal and poultry feed 
and for use as an intermediate. 

♦Choline chloride, medicinal grade only 

♦Choline dihydrogen citrate 

Choline gluconate 

Choline tricitrate 

Decamethonium bromide 

Diallylacetic acid 

Diallylacetic acid, bismuth salt 

2,2-Diisopropyl-5-hydroxymethyl-l,3-dioxolane 

1,2-Dimeroaptopropanol 

2,3-Dlmercapto-l-propanol (Dimercaprol) 

Dlsodium methanearsonate (Arrhenal) 

Dlvinyl ether 

Ethyl carbamate (Urethane) 

Ethyl chaulmoograte 

2-Ethyl-cis-crotonyl urea 

Ethyl iodide-- 

Ethylmercuric chloride 

Ethyl morrhuate 

Ethyl nitrite 

♦Gluconic acid salts: 

Ammonium gluconate 

Calcium glucoheptonate 

Calcium gluconate 

Cobalt gluconate 

Copper gluconate 

Iron (ferrous) gluconate 

Magnesium gluconate 

Manganese gluconate 

Potassium gluconate 

Sodium gluconate 

Zinc gluconate 

Glucono-delta-lactone 

Glutathione 

Glutathione, monosodium salt 

Glutathione (oxidized) 

Glutethamlde 

Glycerophosphoric acid 

Glycerophosphoric acid derivatives: 

Calcium glycerophosphate 

Iron glycerophosphate 

Manganese glycerophosphate 

Sodium glycerophosphate 

Hendecenoic acid (Undecylenic acid) salts: 

Copper hendecenoate 

Sodium hendecenoate 

Zinc hendecenoate 

Hexamethyldiaminoisopropanol diiodide 



-177, 5W. 

551. 

511. 

86, 110, 555, 579. 

110. 

86, 110, 205, 555, 579. 

86. 

252. 

375. 



37, ^07. 




37, 407. 




364. 




37, 86. 




364. 




564. 




86, 360. 




205, 469. 




560, 580. 




560. 




348, 375, 


414. 


560. 




266, 358, 


365, 407 


422. 




137. 




456. 





86, 435, 537, 555, 579. 

336, 362, 435, 527, 555, 566. 



\ 



86, 


537, 


555, 560, 579 


86, 


537, 


555, 579. 


86, 


555, 


579. 


238. 






231. 






231. 






375. 






335. 






579. 






39. 






560. 






157. 






364. 






375. 






560, 


580. 




422. 






364. 






564. 






306. 






360. 






306, 


564 




86. 






86, 


306. 




86, 


306. 




306 






86, 


306. 




306 






306 


362 




86. 






306 






175 






175 






175 






578 






504 






221 


474 


504. 


221 


504 




221 


504 




221 


504 





86. 

37, 348, 580. 



118 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE ITB. '•Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which United States producti 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1956- -Continued 



Manufacturers' Identification nunibera 
(according to list in table 27) 



MEDICINALS, ACYCLIC- -Continued 

Hexamethylenebisttrimethylamnionluni bitartrate] 

(Hexamethonium bitartrate). 
Hexamethylenebis[ trlmethylammoniuin bromide] (Hexa- 
methonium bromide). 
Hexamethylenebis[trlmethylammonium chloride] 
(Hexamethonium chloride). 

2-Hydroxy-i-methylisobutyrlc acid, calcium salt 

Iodized castor oil 

Iodized oils 

Iodoform 

lodomethanesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Iron (ferrous) oxalate 

Lactic acid salts (medicinal grades only) : 

Aluminum lactate 

Iron (ferrous) lactate 

Potassium lactate 

Sodium lactate 

Magnesium citrate 

Malononitrile 

Methylenecltrlc acid and salts 

Methylene Iodide 

1-Methylhexylamine (2-Heptylamine) 

Methyl iodide 

2-Methyl-2-propyl-l,3-propanediol 

Phosphoglyceric acid 

2-Propylvaleric acid, bismuth salt 

dl-Pyroglutamic acid 

d-Rlbose 

Ribose-5-phosphate, barium salt 

Silver protein, mild 

Silver protein, strong 

Sodium bismuth triglycolamate 

Sodium lodopropanol sulfonate 

Sodium morrhuate 

Sodium pyruvate 

Sodium succinate 

l-Sorbose 

Succinylchollne dichlorlde 

Succinyl peroxide 

Tartaric acid, medicinal grade 

Tartaric acid salts, medicinal grades only: 

Antimony potassium tartrate (Tartar emetic) 

Calcium tartrate 

Potassium bitartrate 

Potassium sodium tartrate (Blsmosal) 

Sodium tartrate 

Tetramethylammonlum hydroxide 

Thiosemicarbazlde 

Thioslnamine (Allylthiourea) 

♦Tranquillizers : 2-Methyl-2-n-propyl-l,3-propane- 
dlol dloarbamate ( Meprobamate ) (Equanll) 
(Mlltown). 

2,2,2-Trlbromoethanol 

Tricholine citrate 

Triiodoethionic acid 

»Vltamins ; 

•Ascorbic acid and derivatives : 

»Asoorbic acid 

Ascorbic acid, calcium salt 

Ascorbic acid, sodium salt 

Ascorbyl palmltate 

♦Pantothenic acid and derivatives: 

Pantothenic acid 

♦Pantothenic acid, d-calcium salt 

Pantothenic acid, dl-calclum salt 

Pantothenic acid, sodium salt 

d-Pantothenyl alcohol (a,Y-Dihydroxy-N- 
( 3 -hydroxypropy 1 ) -p , P -dime thylbutyramlde ) . 



-190. 

221. 
365. 

207, -^22. 
AA2, 564. 
348. 
86, 414. 



564. 

330, 459. 

348. 

348, 477, 560. 

422. 

477, 580. 

365. 

175. 

231. 

578. 

175. 

175. 

407. 

348. 

266. 

365. 

364. 

175. 

205, 442, 560. 

306. 

238. 

365. 

306. 

306. 



189, 
189, 


306. 
306. 












580. 
37, 
365. 
157, 


218. 
330, 


335, 


365, 


X. 






348. 
537. 
551. 














306, 
306. 
306, 
306. 


454, 
454, 


560. 
560. 










560. 
362, 
226, 

407. 
454. 


407, 
422, 


422, 
435, 


527, 
456, 


537, 
527, 


555, 
537, 


560 
555 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 

Flavor and Perfume Materials 



119 



TABLE 18B. --Synthetic organic chemicais: Flavor and per fume materials for which United States production or 
sales were reported, ident i tied by manufacturer , 1956 

[Flavor and perfume materials for which separate statistics are given in table ISA are marked below with an 
asterisk {•); those not so marked do not appear in table ISA because the reported data are accepted in 
confidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from 
table 27. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification 
number with the designated product] 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC 

Btnzenoid and Naphthaleno id 

2-Aoetonaphthone (Methyl p-naphthyl ketone) 

Aoetophenone 

7-Acetyl-6-ethyl-l, 1,4, i-tetramethyl-l, 2,3,4- 
tetrahydronaphthalene . 

»a-Amylcinnamaldehyde 

a-Amylcinnamaldehyde, dimethyl acetal 

a-Amylcinnamyl alcohol 

*Anethole 

Anlsaldehyde 

Anisole (Methyl phenyl ether) 

Anisyl acetate ^^ 

Anisyl alcohol 

Anisyl formate 

Anisyl propionate 

»Benzophenone 

»Benzyl acetate 

»Benzyl alcohol 

•Benzyl benzoate 

Benzyl butyrate 

Benzyl cinnamate 

Benzyl ether 

Benzyl formate 

Benzyl isoamyl ether 

Benzyl isobutyrate 

Benzyl isoeugenyl ether 

Benzyl isovalerate 

Benzyl phenylacetate (Benzyl a-toluate) 

•Benzyl propionate 

Benzyl salicylate 

Benzyl valerate 

a-Brcmostyrene 

■4-tert-Butyl-2,6-dimethyl-3,5-dinitroacetophenone 
(Mask ketone) . 

5-tert-Butyl-<V,6-dinltrohemimellitene 

6-tert-Butyl-3-methyl-2,4-dinitroanisole (Musk 

ambrette ) . 
5-tert-Butyl-2,4-,6-trinitro-m-xylene (Musk xylol)- 

Carvacrol (Isopropyl-o-cresol) 

Cinnamaldehyde 

Cinnamic acid 

Cinnamyl acetate 

Cinnamyl alcohol 

Cinnamyl anthranilate 

Cinnamyl butyrate 

Cinnamyl cinnamate 

Cinnamyl formate 

Cinnamyl isobutyrate 

Cinnamyl isovalerate 

Cinnamyl propionate 

Cinnamyl valerate 

Cumaldehyde (p- Isopropylbenzaldehyde ) 

p, a -Dimethylbenzyl alcohol (p-Methylphenylmethyl- 
carblnol). 

a , a -Dimethylphenethyl acetate 

«, a-Dimethylphenethyl alcohol 

a, a-Dimethyl-3-phenylpropanol 

'4,6-Dinitro-l,l,3,3,5-pentamethylindan 

Diphenylmethane 

l,3-Diphenyl-2-propanone (Dibenzyl ketone) 

2-Ethoxynaphthalene (Ethyl |3-naphthyl ether) 

Ethyl anlsate 

Ethyl anthranilate 

Ethyl benzoate 

Ethyl cinnamate 

•Ethyl a,P-epoxy-P-methylhydrocinnamate (Ethyl 
methylphenylglycidate ) . 

2-Ethylhexyl salicylate 

Ethyl p-methoxycinnamate 

Ethyl methyltolylglycidate 

Ethyl P-phenylglycidate 

Ethyl salicylate 

Ethylvanillin 

•Eugenol 



337 


, 353, 


402. 






337 


, 353, 


529, 


558. 




337 










332 


, 337, 


353, 


398, 


402, 472, 


402 










353 


, 398. 








130 


, 212, 


353, 


369, 


X. 


337 


, 353, 


365. 






337 










279 


337, 


353, 


402. 




337 


353, 


402. 






279 


337, 


353, 


402. 




353 


402. 








330 


337, 


353, 


402, 


459. 


337 


353, 


398, 


472, 


474. 


266 


303, 


337, 


353, 


398, 474. 


221 


303, 


332, 


337, 


474. 


279 


337, 


353, 


402, 


409, 472. 


279 


337, 


353, 


365, 


391, 398, 


337 


402. 








271 


279, 


337, 


353, 


402. 


337 


353, 


402. 






279 


337, 


353, 


402. 




337 


353, 


402. 






279 


337, 


353, 


402. 




271 


337, 


353, 


402. 




279 


332, 


337, 


353, 


402, 409. 


337 


353. 








279 


402, 


472. 






353 










337 


474. 








337 










337 


474. 








337 


474. 








337 










337 


353. 








266 


353. 








337 


353, 


402, 


409. 




337 


353, 


600. 






279 


402, 


472. 






279 


337, 


402. 






337 


353. 








337 


353, 


402. 






353 


402, 


472. 






279 


353, 


402. 






337 


353, 


402, 


409. 




337 


402, 


472. 






213 


337. 








337 










398 










398 










398 










337 










353 










337 










337 


353. 








337 


365, 


402. 






218 


402. 








337 


353, 


402. 






337 


353, 


402. 






213 


337, 


353, 


402, 


472. 


472 










337 










402 










213 


353, 


365, 


402, 


472. 


252 


353, 


365. 






221 










332, 


337, 


353, 


365, 


402, 409, 



120 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE lfm.--Syntheti 



organic chemicals: Flavor and per fim 
sales were reported, identi tied by 



laterials For which United States product i 
tfacturer, 1956- -Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Benienoid and Naphthalcnoid- -Continued 

Eugenyl methyl ether 

Eugeny 1 phenylacet ate 

Hexylolnnamaldehyde 

Hydratropaldehyde (a-Phenylproplonaldehyde) 

Hydratropaldehyde, dimethyl acetal 

Hydrocinnamaldehyde (p-Phenylpropionaldehyde) 

4- (<i-Hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl) -3-buten-2-one 
(Vanlllidine acetone). 

Isoamyl benzoate (Amyl benzoate) '* 

Isoamyl oinnamate (Amyl elnnamate) 

Isoamyl phenylacetate (Amyl a-toluate) 

Isoamyl salicylate (Amyl salicylate) 

Isobutyl benzoate 

Isobutyl elnnamate 

»Isobutyl phenylacetate (Isobutyl a-toluate) 

Isobutyl salicylate 

*Isoeugenol 

Isoeugenyl acetate 

Isoeugenyl methyl ether 

p-Isopropyl-a-methylhydrocinnamaldehyde 
( Cyc lamen aldehyde ) . 

*p-Methoxyacetophenone 

o-Methoxybenzaldehyde 

2-Methoxybiphenyl 

2-Methoxynaphthalene (Methyl P-naphthyl ether) 

p-Methylacetophenone (Methyl p-tolyl ketone) 

Methyl anisate 

p-Methylanlsole (p-Cresyl methyl ether) 

Methyl anthranllate 

Methyl benzoate 

a-Methylbenzyl acetate 

p-Methylbenzyl acetate 

a-Methylbenzyl alcohol (Methylphenyl carbinol) 

a-Methylcinnamaldehyde 

Methyl elnnamate 

Methyl N-methylanthranilate (Dimethyl anthranllate) 
Methyl phenylacetate (Methyl o-toluate) 

*Methyl salicylate (Synthetic wlntergreen oil) 

«Phenethyl acetate 

•Phenethyl alcohol 

Phenethyl anthranllate 

Phenethyl butyrate 

Phenethyl elnnamate 

Phenethyl formate 

Phenethyl isobutyrate 

Phenethyl isovalerate 

Phenethyl phenylacetate (Phenethyl a-toluate) 

Phenethyl propionate 

Phenethyl salicylate 

Phenethyl valerate 

2-Phenoxyethyl isobutyrate 

Phenylacetaldehyde (a-Tolualdehyde) 

Phenylacetaldehyde, dimethyl acetal 

4-Phenyl-3-buten-2-one (Benzylidene acetone) 

l-Phenyl-2-propanone (Benzyl methyl ketone) 

3-Phenyl-l-propyl acetate 

»3-Phenyl-l-propyl alcohol (Hydrocinnamic alcohol)--' 

Propyl elnnamate 

Salicylaldehyde 

p-Tolualdehyde (p-Methylbenzaldehyde) 

p-Tolyl acetate (p-Cresyl acetate) 

p-Tolyl isobutyrate (p-Cresyl isobutyrate) 

p-Tolyl phenylacetate (p-Cresyl a-toluate) 

a-(Trichloromethyl)benzyl acetate (Rosetone) 

p- a,a-Trlmethylphenethyl alcohol 

2,3,5-Trimethyl-l,2,3,6-tetrahydrobenzaldehyde 

Vanillin 

Terpenoid, Heterocyclic, and AlicycUc 

Allyl cyclohexanepropionate 

Allylionone 

Bomyl acetate 

Oarvone (Carvol) 

Caryophyllene 

Cedrenal 

Cedrol 

»Cedryl acetate 



337 


353. 






332. 








353 


398. 






337 


353. 






337, 


353. 






337, 


353. 






i02. 








279, 


337, 


353, 


402. 


353, 


402. 






337, 


353, 


402, 


409. 


337, 


353, 


359. 




271, 


337, 


353, 


402. 


279, 


353, 


402. 




332, 


337, 


353, 


402. 


337, 


353, 


402. 




332, 


337, 


353, 


402, 474. 


337, 


353, 


402. 




337, 


353, 


365, 


402. 


213, 


337. 






337, 


353, 


365. 




«I9. 








337, 


398. 






337, 


353, 


402. 




337, 


353. 






365, 


402. 






337, 


353. 






252, 


337, 


474. 




337, 


365, 


504. 




332, 


337. 






365, 


402. 






353. 








213, 


337. 






337, 


353, 


365. 




337, 


402, 


472. 




337, 


353. 






221, 


252, 


492, 


504. 


337, 


398, 


402, 


456, 600. 


252, 


337, 


398, 


469, 600. 


218, 


337, 


402, 


472. 


271, 


337, 


353, 


402. 


353, 


398, 


402, 


472. 


337, 


353, 


398, 


402. 


271, 


337. 






337, 


353, 


402. 




337, 


353, 


402, 


472. 


337, 


353, 


402. 




337, 


353, 


398, 


402. 


402, 


472. 






337, 


353. 






337, 


353. 






337, 


353, 


402. 




353. 








353. 








337, 


353. 






337, 


353, 


459. 




402. 








252. 








337, 


504. 






337, 


353, 


398, 


402. 


353, 


398, 


402. 




337, 


353. 






365, 


398, 


402. 




398. 








393. 








221, 


271, 


282. 




402. 








337. 








402, 


472. 






402, 


409, 


469, 


525, 599, 600 


337. 








353. 








332, 


353, 


398. 




332, 


337, 


353, 


398, 600. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



121 



TABLE I8n.--!>yntheti 



sales wi 



hemicflis; Flavor and perfume materials for which United States product ic 
reported, identified by manufacturer, J956--Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC— Continued 



T.rpe 



id, Hcte 



and Ali 



--Pontlnued 



Cineole (Eucalyptol) 

»Citral (Geranial) 

»Citronellal 

»Citronellol 

»Citronellyl acetate 

Citronellyl butyrate 

»Citronellyl formate 

Citronellyl propionate 

♦Coumarin 

Cyclohexanesulfamic acid, calcium salt 

Cyclohexanesulf amic acid, sodium salt 

Cyclopentanol 

Cyclopentanone 

Dihydrocitronellol 

3,7-Dimethyl-3-octanol (Tetrahydrolinalool)- 

»Ethyl oxyhydrate 

»(jeraniol 

»Geranyl acetate 

Geranyl benzoate 

Geranyl butyrate 

*Geranyl formate 

Geranyl isovalerate 

Geranyl phenylacetate (Geraryl a-toluate)-- 

Geranyl propionate 

a-Heptyl-a-butyrolactone 

2-Hexyl-2-cyclopenten-l-one 

Hydroooumarin ( 3 , i -Dihydrocoumarin ) 

»Hydroxycitronellal 

Hydroxycitronellal, dimethyl acetal 

Hydroxycitronellol 

Indole 

»Ionones : 

■xct-Ionone 

*P-Ionone 

*Ionone (a- and P-) 

Isobomeol (Isobomyl alcohol) 

*Isobomyl acetate 

Isobomyl propionate 

Isobutylquinoline 

Isopropylquinoline 

Isopulegol 

Isosaf role 

d-Liinonene 

*Lin&lool 

»Linalyl acetate 

Linalyl anthranilate 

Linalyl benzoate 

Linalyl butyrate 

Linalyl cinnamate 

Linalyl formate 

Linalyl isobutyrate 

Linalyl isovalerate 

Linalyl propionate 

*Menthol, synthetic: 

Tech 

U.S.P 

Menthone 

Menthyl acetate 

Menthyl anthranilate 

Menthyl isovalerate 

Metahomomenthol (Cyclonol) 

Metahomomenthyl acetate 

3-Methylcoumarin 

6-Methylcoumarin 

*Methylionones : 

Methyl-a-ionone 

Methyl-P-ionone 

Methylionones (a- and P-) 

6-Me thy Iqu incline 

Nerol 

Neryl acetate 

Nopyl acetate 

Phellandrene 

»Piperonal (Heliotropin) 

♦Rhodinol 

Rhodinol rose 

Rhodinyl acetate 

Rhodinyl formate 



599. 

337, 
337, 
337, 
353, 
353, 
353, 
353, 
252, 
456. 



353, 
279, 
337, 
332, 
337, 
337, 
332, 
402, 
353, 
337, 



353, 402, 409, 423. 

353, 398, 402. 

353, 398, 402, 409, 474. 

398, 402. 

402. 

398, 402. 

398, 402. 

353, 600. 



398. 
365, 
353, 
337, 
402. 
353, 
337, 
472. 
402. 
353, 



391, 402, 423, 472. 

398, 402, 409, 474. 

353, 398, 402, 472, 600. 

402. 

353, 402, 409, 472, 600. 



402, 409. 



365. 

337, 353, 600. 

353, 402. 



337, 353, 398. 
337, 353, 600. 
332, 337, 353, 398, 402, 423, 600. 



353, 469, X. 



398. 
398. 
337, 
353, 
402. 
337, 
353, 
332, 
337, 
353, 
353, 
337, 
337, 
402. 
353, 



353. 
469. 

353, 
398, 
402. 
402. 
402, 
402. 
353, 
353, 

402. 



398, 402, 409, 472, 474. 
402, 409, 423, 474, 600. 



402, 409. 
402. 



365, 369, 402, 474, X. 
474, 600. 
337, 369, X. 

402. 
402. 



337, 398. 

337, 353, 398. 

398, 402. 

402, 409. 
402. 

353, 469, 474. 

337, 353, 398, 402, 409, 423, 472, 474. 



353, 402, 409. 
337, 398, 402. 



122 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TAHLF, 18B. --Synthetic 



organic chemicals: Flavor and per fume materials for which United States product! 
sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1956- -Continued 



Material 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC— Continued 



Terpenoid. Hete 



and AlicycU 



Saccharin 

Saccharin, calcium salt 

Saccharin, sodium salt 

»Safrole 

Santalol 

Santalyl acetate' 

Skatole 

»Terpineols: 

a-Terpineol 

P-Terpineol 

Teiplneol (a- and P-) 

Terpinol hydrate (Terpin hydrate), tech- 

*Terpinyl acetate 

*Terpinyl propionate 

l,2,3,'>-Tetrahydro-6-methylquinoline 

Vetivenol 

»Vetivenyl acetate 



FLAVOR AND PEHRJME MAIERIAI£, ACYCLIC 



»Allyl caproate 

Allyl enanthate (Allyl heptanoate) 

Allyl isothiocyanate (Synthetic mustard oil) 

Allyl propionate 

Allyl sulfide (Diallyl sulfide) 

2,3-Butanedione (Biacetyl) 

n- Butyl butyrate 

Butyl butyryllactate 

Butyrone (Di-n-propyl ketone) 

Capraldehyde (Decyl aldehyde) (Cio) 

Caprylaldehyde (Octyl aldehyde) (Cb) 

Decyl acetate 

n-Decyl alcohol 

Diethyl sebacate (Ethyl sebaoate) 

Diethyl succinate 

Dime thy loctanol 

Dimethyl succinate 

Dodeoyl acetate (Lauryl acetate) 

Enanthaldehyde (n-Hept aldehyde) (C7) ■ 

»Ethyl butyrate 

Ethyl oaprate (Ethyl decylate) 

Ethyl caproate (Ethyl hexoate) 

Ethyl caprylate (Ethyl octoate) 

Ethyl enanthate (Ethyl heptylate) 

Ethyl isobutyrate 

Ethyl isovalerate 

Ethyl laurate 

Ethyl levulinate 

Ethyl myristate 

Ethyl pelargonate 

Glutamic acid, monopotassium salt 

^■Glutamic acid, monosodium salt (Monosodium 
glutamate) . 

Hendecanaldehyde (Undecyl aldehyde) (Cn) 

2-Hendecanone (Methyl nonyl ketone) 

Hendecenaldehyde (Undecylenic aldehyde) 

Hendeoenoic acid (Undecylenic acid) 

Hendecenol (Undecylenyl alcohol) 

2,3-Heptanedlone (Acetylvaleryl) 

Heptyl alcohol (Heptanol) 

2,3-Hexanedlone (Acetylbutyral) 

3-Hydroxy-2-butanone (Acetoin) 

y-Hydroxycaprylic acid, lactone (y-Octalaotone) — 
"i-Hydroxyhendecanoic acid, y-lactone (Y-Undeca- 

lactone) . 
Y-Hydroxypelargonic acid, lactone (Y-Nonalactone)- 

»Isoamyl butyrate (Amyl butyrate) 

Isoamyl caproate (Amyl caproate) 

Isoamyl caprylate (Amyl caprylate) 

«Isoamyl formate (Amyl formate) 

Isoamyl isovalerate (Amyl isovalerate) 

Isoamyl propionate (Amyl propionate) 

Isobutyl acetate 

Ispbutyl butyrate 

Isobutyl caproate 

Isobutyl isovalerate 

Isopropyl pelargonate 

Lauraldehyde (Dodeoyl aldehyde) (C12) 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



221, 385. 

385. 

221, 385. 

337, 353, 409, 469, 482, 599. 

332, 337, 398. 

337. 

218. 

332, 369, X. 

369. 

212, 337. 

212. 

332, 337, 353, 369. 

332, 337, 353, 472. 

353. 

332, 337, 353. 

332, 337, 353, 391, 398, 409, 600. 



279, 

353, 

365, 

402, 

402. 

266, 

279, 

365. 

353. 

337, 

337, 

353, 

337, 

218, 

218, 

108, 

365. 

353, 

96, 

91, 

353, 

353, 

353, 

353, 

353, 

353, 

337, 

218, 

402. 

337, 

204. 

110, 

337, 

353. 

337, 

96, 

337, 

353. 

96, : 

218. 

218. 

337, 

337, 

337, 
337, 
353, 
353, 
337, 
353, 
279, 
279, 
279, 
353, 
279, 
402. 
337, 



337, 353, 365, 398, 402, 409, 472. 

365, 402. 

581. 

472. 

365, 402. 

353, 402, 472. 



353, 402. 
353, 402. 
402. 
353. 

353, 472. 
353, 529. 
213. 

402. 
353, 511. 
353, 402, 409. 

402, 409. 

402, 409. 

402, 409. 

402, 472. 

402. 

402, 409. 

353, 402, 409. 

337, 398. 

353, 365, 402, 472. 
204, 328, 379, 496. 



353. 
511. 
353. 



353, 402. 
353, 402. 



353, 
353, 
402, 
402, 
353, 
402, 
337, 
353, 
353, 
402. 
353, 



402. 

365, 402, 409, 472. 

472. 

409. 

402, 409. 

409. 

353, 402, 409, 472. 

402, 409, 529. 

402. 

402. 



353, 402. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



123 



TABLE 18B. --Synthetic 



ic chemicals: Flavor anrl perfume material's for which United States production or 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , I956--Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification nmnbers 
(according to list In table 27) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

2-Methylhendecanaldehyde ( 2-Methylnonylacet- 
aldehyde ) . 

Methyl hendecanoate (Methyl undecylenate) 

6-Methyl-5-hepten-2-one 

Methyl p -methylthiolpropionate 

Methyl nonenoate (Methyl nonylenate) 

Methyl octynoate (Methyl heptine carbonate) 

Nonyl alcohol (C9) 

Octenoic acid 

n-Octyl acetate 

n-Octyl formate 

n-Octyl isobutyrate 

Pelargonaldehyde (Nonyl aldehyde) (C9) 

2,3-Pentanedione 

2-Propene-l-thiol (Allyl mercaptan) 

n-Propyl disulfide 

Propyl propionate 

Tricaproin 

Trimethylhendecanaldehyde 

Valerolactone 

CHEMICALLY MODIFIED ESSENTIAL OILS 

Citronella oil, acetone condensate 

Citronella oil, acetylated 

Lavandin, acetylated 

Petitgrain oil, acetylated 

Rosemary oil, acetylated 

Sassafras oil, hydrogenated 

Spike lavender, acetylated 



337, 


353, 


402. 


337, 


402. 




353. 






402. 






337, 


402, 


472. 


337. 






337, 


353. 




-«52. 






337, 


353, 


402. 


353, 


365, 


402. 


353, 


402. 




337, 


353. 




218. 






402. 






54. 






353, 


402. 




332. 






213. 






337. 






327. 






409. 






337, 


402, 


409, 472 


402, 


409. 




409. 






337. 






409. 







124 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Plastics and Resin Materials 



TA'ILF ion. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Plastics and resin materials for which United State 
sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1956 



product i 



[plastics and resin materials for which separate statistics are given in table 19A are marked below with an 
asterisk (*) ; chemicals not so marked do not appear in table 19A because the reported data are accepted 
in confidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from 
table 27. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification 
number with the designated product] 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, BENZENOID 

Aniline-formaldehyde resins 

«Coumarone-indene resins 

Epoxy resins: 
^Unmodified: Epichlorohydrin-phenol and bisphenol 
^Modified - 

»Petroleum polymer and condensation resins 

»Phenolio and other tar-acid resins: 
^Unmodified: 

•Bisphenol-formaldehyde 

»p-tert-Butylphenol-formaldehyde 

»Cresols-formaldehyde 

»Cresylia acid-formaldehyde 

Phenol-cresols-formaldehyde 

»Phenol-formaldehyde 



»Phenol-furfural 

•Resoroinol- formaldehyde 

Xylenols-formaldehyde 

All other 

•Modified: 

»Bisphenol-formaldehyde-rosin 

»p-tert-Butylphenol- formaldehyde-rosin 

Phenol-formaldehyde, ammoniated 

•Phenol-formaldehyde-aniline 

•Phenol-formaldei^de-rosin 

Phenol-formaldehyde, sulfonated 

41] other 

•Phthalic alkyd resins: 
•Unmodified: 

•Phthalic anhydride -glycerol 

•Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-glycol 

Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-glycol-penta- 

erythritol. 
•Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-pentaerythritol — 

•Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-sorbitol 

•Phthalic anhydride-glycol-pentaerythritol 

•Phthalic anhydride-pentaerythritol 

All other 

•Modified: 

•Phthalic anhydride-adlpic acid-glycol 

•Phthalic anhydride-benzoic aoid-glycerol 

•Phthalic anhydride-fumaric acid-glyoerol 

Phthalic anhydride-fumaric acid-glycerol- 
pentaerythritol-tall oil. 
•Phthalic anhydride-fumaric acid-glycerol-rosi 



577. 

152, 179, 256, 558. 

Ill, 478, -^Sl, 583. 

80, 8/i, 158, 196, 199, 209, 232, 235, 241, 249, 346, 

464, 466, 485, 559. 
152, 214, 256, 284, 304, 528. 



24, 209, 322, 334, 438. 

41, 199, 255, 322, 334, 438, 466, 478, 485, 

558, X. 

38, 135, 162, 209, 322, 417, 438, 466, 478, 553, 558, 

584. 
10, 38, 57, 135, 136, 183, 199, 322, 438, 478, 517, 

537, 591. 
209, 221, 591. 
4, 35, 38, 53, 57, 64, 68, 79, 83, 87, 109, 119, 123, 

125, 135, 136, 183, 198, 199, 209, 221, 249, 255, 

277, 295, 301, 322, 346, 397, 417, 421, 438, 466, 

473, 478, 517, 540, 553, 558, 559, 562, 566, 574, 

584, 591, 601. 
199, 478, 553. 

79, 221, 322, 367, 466, 478, 517, 553, 566. 
57, 478. 
10, 38, 164, 183, 220, 221, 235, 322, 347, 367, 438, 

471, 478, 591. 

41, 78, 212, 334, 349, 485, 558, X. 

78, 109, 334, 4^1, 485, 558, 566, X. 

466, 566. 

221, 466, 478, 517, 591. 

69, 212, 313, 322, 334, 346, 466, 473, 478, 537, 558, 

559, 566, 584. 
249, 334. 

126, 209, 249, 295, 322, 466, 478, 566, 584, 591. 



5, 13, 24, 25, 48, 59, 69, 75, 76, 78, 80, 82, 83, 84, 

109, 111, 158, 164, 173, 180, 185, 196, 199, 209, 

232, 235, 236, 253, 313, 319, 322, 334, 343, 346, 

349, 441, 464, 466, 473, 478, 485, 530, 537, 554, 

558, 559, 566, 591, 598. 

5, 13, 24, 25, 33, 111, 158, 209, 253, 334, 346, 473, 

485, 559, 591. 

346, 530. 

5, 13, 25, 48, 59, 69, 76, 80, 82, 84, 98, 158, 164, 

173, 180, 185, 199, 209, 232, 235, 253, 315, 317, 

334, 346, 389, 441, 464, 466, 473, 485, 530, 554, 

558, 559, 591. 

25, 48, 69, 158, 554, 558, 591. 

5, 25, 76, 80, 158, 180, 185, 209, 212, 235, 253, 

315, 334, 346, 347, 389, 406, 441, 466, 473, 485, 

537, 558, 559, 566, 591. 

5, 24, 25, 46, 48, 59, 69, 75, 76, 80, 83, 84, 111, 

158, 164, 173, 180, 185, 199, 209, ' 212, 232, 235, 

236, 253, 313, 322, 334, 346, 349, 406, 441, 464, 

466, 473, 485, 530, 537, 548, 558, 566, 591, X. 

69, 133, 235, 253, 464, 485, 537, 554, 566, 591. 

253, 334, 346, 537, 559, 591. 

24, 25, 164, 196, 209, 334, 346, 406, 466, 473, 559, 
591. 

25, 46, 80, 109, 196, 334, 464, 473, 485. 
46, 82, 196, 485. 

84, 209, 232, 235, 334, 485. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



125 



TABLE 19B.--Synt/ief jc organic chemicals: Plastics and resin materials for which United States product! 
sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , 7956--Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, BENZENOID— Continued 

»Phtlialic aliyd resinB--Continued 
«Modlfied--Continued 

»Phthallo anhydride-glyoerol-pentaerythrltol- 
phenol- f ormaldehyde-ros in . 

»Phthallo anhydrlde-glycerol-pentaerythritol- 
rosln and tall oil. 

•Phthalio anhydride-glycerol-phenol- formalde- 
hyde. 

*Phthallo anhydrlde-glyoerol-phenol-formalde- 
hyde-rosin. 

»Phthalic anhydrlde-glyoerol-rosin 



»Phthalio anhydride-maleic anhydrlde-glyoerol 

*Phthalio anhydride-maleic anhydrlde-glyoerol 

pentaerythr itol . 
»Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-glyoerol 

pentaerythritol-rosln. 
Phthalio anhydride-maleic anhydrlde-glyoerol 

phenol-formaldehyde-rosin. 
»Phthalio anhydride-maleic anhydride-glyoerol 

rosin. 
•Phthalio anhydride-maleic anhydride-penta- 

erythrltol. 
»Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydrlde-penta- 

erythrltol-rosin or tall oil. 
»Phthalic anhydride-pentaerythritol-rosin or 

tall oil. 

All other 

•Polyester recins ; 

•Phthallc anhydride-maleic anhydrlde-glycol- 
styrene. 
All other 

•Styrene resins: 

•Polystyrene 

•Styrene-acrylonitrlle copolymer 

•Styrene-alkyd polyester resins; 

•Phthalio anhydrlde-glycerol-pentaerythrltol- 
styrene. 

•Fhthalic anhydride-glycerol-styrene 

Phthalio anhydride-maleic anhydride-glycol- 

styrene. 
All other 

•Styrene-butadiene copolymer 

•otyrene-divinylbenzene copolymer 

All other 

Toluenesulfonamide resins 

All other benzenoid plastics and resin materials- 

PLASTICS AIID RESIN MATERIALS, NONBENZENOID 

•Acetone-formaldehyde resins 

Acrylic resins : 

Polybutyl methacrylate 

Polyethyl acrylate 

Polymethyl methacrylate 

All other 

•Alkyd resins (except phthalio): 
•Unmodified: 

Adipic acid esters 

Fumaric acid esters 

Maleio anhydride esters : 

•Maleic anhydride-pentaerythritol 

All other 

Sebacic acid esters: 

Sebaclc acld-glyoerol 

Sebacic acld-glycol 

All other 

•Modified: 

Fumaric acid esters: 
•Fumaric acid-glycerol-rosln 

•Fu^Baric acld-pentaerythrltol-rosln 

All other 



25, 69, 80, 196, 209, 315, 33A, 3-^7, .W6, 55^, 559. 

5, 59, 75, 76, 80, 111, 158, 16^1, 185, 466, 473, 485, 

554, 558, 559. 
69, 180, 199, 253, 334, 346, 466, 473, 485, 558, 559, 

591. 
13, 76, 80, 83, 98, 158, 196, 209, 236, 334, 349, 464, 

466, 473, 478, 435, 537, 558, 559, 591. 
5, 24, 48, 69, 76, 84, 111, 158, 173, 180, 185, 209, 

253, 322, 334, 346, 441, 466, 473, 485, 530, 537, 

558, 559, 566, 591. 

U, 24, 46, 69, 80, 82, 180, 209, 232, 253, 276, 334, 
346, 347, 464, 466, 473, 485, 559, 591. 

13, 25, 46, 69, 80, 180, 209, 253, 276, 334, 466, 
485, 559, 591. 

46, 69, 158, 199, 232, 315, 334, 346, 473, 485, 554, 
559. 

46, 347, 465. 

13, 59, 80, 87, 180, 196, 209, 235, 253, 346, 400, 

473, 485, 559, 591. 
46, 69, 164, 199, 235, 276, 322, 334, 346, 347, 466, 

473, 485, 559, 591. 
164, 180, 196, 209, 232, 276, 334, 406, 466, 473, 

485, 558, 559. 
5, 59, 80, 83, 84, 158, 164, 180, 185, 212, 236, 313, 

322, 346, 349, 441, 464, 466, 473, 485, 537, 559, 

591. 
13, 24, 46, 59, 80, 133, 164, 180, 209, 212, 236, 

276, 334, 406, 464, 466, 473, 485, 537, 554, 559, 

566. 

101, 199, 249, 346, 455, 466, 475, 478, 537, 558, 

559, 566, 591. 

83, 101, 158, 209, 254, 277, 322, 349, 421, 441, 468, 
473, 478, 494, 537, 559, 566, 573, 607. 

221, 249, 252, 290, 305, 367, 478, 485, 553, X. 
221, 252, 455, 478, 537, 559. 

24, 69, 111, 180, 199, 209, 334, 346, 559. 

24, 111,- 209, 253, 322, 466, 473, 485, 537, 558, 559, 

566. 
199, 221, 334, 346, 485, 517. 

133, 317, 466, 485, 537, 559. 

101, 165, 252, 290, 357, 367, 449, 455, 515, 553. 

241, 247, 249, 252, 566. 

152, 163, 199, 221, 241, 252, 253, 346, 485, 537, X. 

221, 537. 

80, 421, 510, 527, 558, 577, X. 



241, 466, 478, 537. 

253, 566. 

209, 343, 553, 566, 598. 

14, 209, 253, 553, 566, 584. 

163, 209, 253, 343, 357, 553, 566. 



199, 253, 334, 346, 566, 591. 
464, 537, 547. 

69, 199, 464, 466, 485, 554, 558. 
212, 464, 485, 537, 554. 

158, 334, 346, 466, 559, 566. 

566. 

83, 119, 133, 537. 



46, 69, 109, 196, 232, 267, 334, 347, 441, 466, 473, 

485, 537, 558, 566, X. 
46, 98, 322, 334, 464, 466, 473, 485, 566, X. 
334, 406, 464, 485' 



126 

TABLE im.-Synthrt 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



chemicala: Plaitias anH res 
re report ei^ , irient i fieri by 



■naterifls for which United 'States rrnrfu 
\ifactnrer , 1956- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, NONBENZENOID— 
Continued 

»AlVyd resins (except phthalic) — Continued 
»Modif led— Continued 

Maleio anhydride esters: 
»Maleio anhydride-glycerol-pentaerythritol- 

rosin. 
»Maleio anhydride-glyoerol-rosin 

*Maleic anhydride-glycol-rosin 

»Maleio anhydride-pentaerythritol-rosin 

*Maleio anliydride-pentaerythritol-tall oil 

All other 

All other modified aliyd resins 

Dicyandlamide resins 

Furfuryl resins 

Polyamide (nylon) resins 

»Polyethylene resins 

Polyfluoroethylene resins 

»Rosin and terpene adduct resins: 

»Fumaric acid-rosin 

Maleio anhydride-rosin 

All other 

»Rosin and tall oil esters, unmodified: 

*Rosin-glyoerol 

»Rosin-glyoerol-pentaerythritol 

»Rosin-pentaerythrltol 

»Tall oil-pentaerythrltol 

All other 

*Silioone resins 

*Urea and melamine resins : 
»Urea-formaldehyde type: 

*Butylurea-formaldehyde 

»Urea-formaldehyde 

All other 

*Melaim' ne-f ormaldehyde type: 

Butylmelamine-formaldehyde 

•Melamine-formsLldehyde 

All other 

»Vinyl and vinyl copolymer resins: 

•Polyvinyl acetate 

Polyvinyl alcohol 

Polyvinyl butyral 

♦Polyvinyl chloride and copolymer resins: 

Polyvinyl chloride 

Polyvinyl chloride-acetate copolymer 

All other 

Polyvinyl chloride-vinylldene chloride copolymer-' 

All other 

All other nonbenzenoid plastics and resin materials 



158, 190, 235, 334, 346, 441, 554. 

24, 41, 48, 78, 80, 130, 158, 185, 196, 212, 313, 
322, 334, 441, 466, 485, 537, 558, 566, X. 

Ill, 196, 212, 347, 485, 558. 

13, 24, 41, 59, 75, 130, 164, 196, 212, 276, 322, 334, 
347, 466, 473, 485, 548, 554, 558, 566, X. 

5, 46, 50, 59, 69, 84, 98, 185, 464, 466, 473, 485, 
554, 559. 

24, 199, 209, 478, 485. 

196, 232, 455, 559, 591. 

417, 424, 608. 

421, 517. 

253, 328, 506. 

142, 186, 221, 252, 253, 367, 444, 529, 603. 

253, 357. 

41, 196, 212, 232, 334, 466, 485, 558, 566, X. 
59, 130, 334, 346, 485, 537, 558. 
83, 212, 485, 559. 

83, 109, 130, 164, 196, 212, 313, 334, 349, 441, 464, 

466, 473, 485, 558, X. 
130, 212, 334, 346, 441, 466, 485. 
50, 69, 84, 130, 212, 322, 334, 347, 441, 464, 466, 

485, 558, X. 
164, 232, 334, 346, 406, -.41, 485, 559. 
24, 212, 334, 346, 466, 473, 478, 558. 
244, 478, 484, 485, 558, 591. 



24, 221, 253, 466, 537, 558, 559, 566. 

1, 20, 24, 79, 111, 119, 125, 182, 194, 209, 212, 
221, 225, 253, 285, 343, 377, 417, 431, 439, 455, 
466, 471, 473, 478, 517, 537, 553, 558, 559, 566, 
584, 598, 601, 602, X. 

253, 537, 566, X. 

221, 253, 466, 537, 558, 566. 
221, 253, 473, 517, 537, 558. 
162, 221, 537, 566. 

65, 69, 111, 182, 253, 274, 290, 343, 346, 397, 441, 
466, 475, 521, 527, 529, 541, 553, 566, 584, 598, 
610, X. 

182, 253, 274, 553. 

253, 274, 529. 

101, 221, 252, 357, 449, 455, 515, 523. 

221, 357, 515, 521, 529, 553. 

252, 357. 

252, 515. 

221, 253, 274, 510. 

152, 221, 235, 267, 322, 357, 441, 473, 553, 566, 
583, 608. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



127 



Rubber-Processing Chemicals 



TABLE 21B. 



-Syrithetic orgarii^ cheaiicals: Ruhher-prdcessing chcwicals for which United States production 
sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1956 



[Rubber-processing chemicals for which separate statistics are given In table 21A are marked below with an 
asterisk (*); chemicals not so marked do not appear in table 21A because the reported data are accepted in 
confidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' Identification numbers shovm below are taken from 
table 27] 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



RUBBER- PROCESSING -CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 

♦Accelerators: 

Aldehyde- amines: 

Acetaldehyde-anillne 

n-Butyr aldehyde-aniline 

4,4'-Dlthlodlmorphollne 

a-Ethyl-P-propylacrylanilide 

Formaldehyde-p-toluidine (Methylene-p-toluldlne) 

Hep taldehyde-anl line 

Trlethyltrimethylenetriamlne 

♦Dithlocarbamlc acid derivatives: 

Carbon disulf ide-1, l' -methylenedlpiperldlne 

Dlbenzyldlthlooarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Dlbutyldlthiocarbamlo acid, dlphenylguanldlne 

salt. 
Dimethylethylene diphenyldlthiooarbamic acid, 
lead salt. 

2,A-Dinitrophenyl dimethyldithiocarbamate 

Piperidinium pentamethylenedithiocarbamate 

Plperldinlum pentamett^lenedithiocarbamlc acid, 
potassium salt. 
Guanldines: 

Dlcatechol borate, dl-o-tolylguanidine salt 

Dlphenylguanldlne 

Dlphenylguanldlne phthalate 

Dl-o-tolylguanldine 

Triphenylguanidine 

*Thiazole derivatives: 

2-Benzothlazyl-N, N-diethylthiocarbamyl sulfide — 

Bis[N,N'-2(2-benzothlazylthlomethyl)urea] 

N-tert-Butyl-2-benzothiazolesulfenamide 

N-Cyclohexyl-2-benzothiazolesulfenamide 

N-Dlisopropyl-2-benzothlazolesulfenamide 

»2,2'-Dithiobls[benzothlazole] (2,2'-Benzo- 
thiazyl disulfide) . 

N-Isoprapylbis[2-benzothlazolesulfenamlde] 

«2-Jfercaptobenzothiazole 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, sodium salt 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, zinc salt 

2-MercaptGbenzothiazollne 

N-Oxydlethylene-2-benzothiazolesulfenamide 

Miscellaneous compounds: 

Dibenzylamlne 

Dl-N-pentamethylenethluram tetrasulfide 

2-Imidazollne-2-thiol 

Poly-p-dinitrosobenzene 

p-(iilnonedioxime 

p-Quinonedloxime dibenzoate 

♦Antioxidants: 

Aldehyde- and acetone- amines: 

Acetaldehyde-anillne hydrochloride 

Aniline-acetone, acid derivatives 

Dlphenylamlne-acetone 

p-Phenetidine- acetone 

Phenyl-2-naphthylamine-acetone 

♦Amino and hydroxy compounds; 
Amino compounds: 

Aldol-a-naphthylamine condensation 

p,p' -Dl ami nophenylme thane 

N, N' -Di( l-ethyl-3-methylpentyl) -p-phenylene- 
di amine. 

p,p'-Dimethoxydiphenylamlne 

N, N' -Di( 1-methylpentyl) -p-phenylenediamlne 

N, N'-Dl-2-naphthyl-p-phenylenedlamine 

N,N'-Dlphenylethylenediamine 

N, N'-Dlphenyl-p-phenylenedlamine 

N,N'-Diphenylpropylenediamine 

Dl-o-tolylethylenediamlne 

p-Hydroxydiphenylamine 

p-Isopropoxydlphenylamlne 

Octyldiphenylamlne 

Octyldiphenylamine, alkylated 

N- Phenyl- 1-naph thy lamine 

N-Phenyl-2-naphthylamlne 

Tetramethyl dlphenylethylenediamine 

p-(p-Toluenesulfonamldo)dlpheny lamine 

N-o-Toly 1-2- naphthy lamine 



A55. 

221, 253, 455. 

221. 

155. 

253. 

455. 

455. 

221. 
455. 
155. 



455. 
221. 
253. 



253. 

221, 537. 
221. 

253, 537. 
506. 

585. 
221. 
221. 
221. 
537. 
221, 449, 455, 537. 

455. 

221, 449, 455, 537. 

449, 537. 

449, 537. 

139, 537. 

537. 

455. 
253. 
253. 
253. 
253. 
455. 



455. 
221. 

221, 455. 
221. 
455. 



515. 
455. 
443. 

253. 

443. 

515. 

155, 424. 

253, 455, 515. 

155. 

155. 

253, 515. 

515. 

455. 

515. 

253. 

253, 515. 

424. 

455. 

449. 



128 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 21B. -Syntheti 



organic chemicals: Pubber^prdcessing chemicals 
sales were reported, identi fied by manufacturer 



for which United Sta 
J956 --Continued 



production or 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHE^aCALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

•Antioxidants — Continued 

»Amino and hydroxy compounds--Continued 
Hydroxy compoxinds: 

2,5-Di-tert-aiiiylhydroqulnone 

Hydroquinone monobenzyl ether 

p,p '-Isopropylidenedlphenol ( P-Dl-p -hydroxy - 
phenylpropane) . 

N-Lauroyl-p-aminophenol 

2,2' -Methylenebis [4-ethyl-6-tert-butylphenolJ - 
2,2' -Methylenebls t^-methyl-d-tert-butylphenol] 

»Phenol, alkylated 

Phenol, styrenated 

N-Stearoyl-p-aminophenol 

Thiobis [di-sec-amylphenol] 

<i,'4'-Thiobls[6-tert-butyl-m-cresol] 

Miscellaneous compounds : 

Dicresyl disulfide 

Nonj'lphenyl phosphites, mixed 

2,2,'i-Trimethyldlhydroquinoline 

Blowing agents and processing aids; 

Dinitrosopentamethylenetetramine 

p,p'-Oxybls [benzenesulfonhydrazide] 

Inhibitors: N-Nitrosodlphenylamine 

Peptizers; 

0,0' -Dibenzamidophenyl disulfide 

Dixylyl disulfides, mixed 

2-Naphthalenethlol (2-Naphthylmercaptan) 

Pentachlorobenzenethlol, zinc salt 

Phenylhydrazlne zinc chloride 

Xylene thiol 

)^lene thiol, zinc salt 

Zinc-2-benzainlnothlo phenate 

Taclcifiers: 

p-tert -Amy! phenol sulfide 

Bis[iso-octylhydroxyphenylmethylene] 

RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICAIS, ACYCLIC 

•Accelerators : 

»Dithiocarbamlc acid derivatives: 

Dlbutyldithiocarbamlo acid, dimethyl-cyclo- 
hexylamine salt. 

Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, sodiujn salt 

»Dibutyldlthiocarbamio acid, zinc salt 

Diethyldithlocarbamic acid, selenium salt 

Diethyldithiocarbamlc acid, sodium salt 

Diethyldithlocarbamic acid, tellurium salt 

*Diethyldithlocarbainic acid, zinc salt 

Dlmethyldlthiocarbaralc acid, bisraate salt 

Dlmethyldithiocarbamic acid, copper salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, dimethylammonlmn 
salt. 

Dlmethyldithiocarbamic acid, lead salt 

•Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, potassium salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbandc acid, selenium salt 

•Dlmethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

•Dlmethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt and 
sodium polysulfide. 

All other 

Thiurams: 

Tetrabutylthiuram monosulf ide 

Tetraethylthiuram disulfide 

•Tetramethylthluram disulfide 

•Tetramethylthiuram monosulf ide 

Xanthates : 

Di-n-butylxantho disulfide 

Dlisopropylxantho disulfide 

Potassium butyl xanthate 

Sodium butyl xanthate 

Zinc dibutyl xanthate 

Miscellaneous compounds: 

n-Butyraldehyde-butylamlne 

Dl-n-butylammonlum oleate 

•Peptizers, stabilizers, and lubricating, condi- 
tioning, and blowing agents: 

Allcyl raercaptans, mixed 

•Dodecyl mercaptans 

Zinc laurate 

Blowing agents: 

a,a'-Azobisformamide 

Urea-biuret mixture 

Lubricating and conditioning agents 



221. 
515. 
449. 

375. 

537. 

537. 

155, 449, 515. 

449, 515. 

375. 

221. 

221. 

455. 
455. 
515. 

139, 253. 
455. 
455, 515. 

537. 
253. 
253. 
253. 
253. 
253. 
253. 
537. 

585. 
167. 



253, 324, 


455. 


201, 253, 


324, 449, 455, 585. 


201. 




455, 477, 


515, 585. 


201. 




201, 324, 


449, 455, 585. 


201. 




201. 




455. 




201. 




449, 455, 


585. 


201. 




253, 515. 




449, 455, 


515. 


585. 




455. 




449, 455, 


585. 


45, 201, 


221, 253, 449, 455, 569, 585 


253, 449, 


455. 


455. 




515. 




455. 




455. 




449, 455. 




253- 




253. 




516. 




455, 468, 


516, 585. 


455. 




485. 
253. 





SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



129 



TABLE 22B.--Syntheti 



Elastomers (Synthetic Rubbers) 

organic chemicals: Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) for which United State 
or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1956 



[Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) for which separate statistics are given in table 22A are marked below with 
an asterisk ( ») ; products not so marked do not appear in table 22A because the reported data are accepted 
in confidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from 
table 27. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification 
number with the designated product ] 



Product 


Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 


ELASTOMERS, CYCLIC 


129, 132, 200, 203, 357, 426, -^9, 455, 465, 481, 
515, 538, X. 






101, 284, 357, 455, 465, 515. 


ELASTOMERS, ACYCLIC 








255, 357, 449, 455, 515. 
253. 

284, 434. 
2L2, 449. 


»Polyohloroprene type ( Neoprene) 


Reaction products of natural rubber 








253, 284, 357, 515, X. 





Plasticizers 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: Plasticizers for which United States producti 
identified by manufacturer, 1956 



sales were reported. 



[Plasticizers for which separate statistics are given in table 23A are marked below with an asterisk (*); 
products not so marked do not appear in table 23A because the reported data are accepted in confidence and 
may not be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from table 27. An X 
signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his Identification number with the 
designated product] 



PLASTICIZERS, CYCLIC 

Camphor, synthetic 

N-Cyclohexyl-p-toluenesulfonamlde 

Methylene glared dibenzoate 

Di-tert-octyldiphenyl oxide 

Dlphenyl cyolohexyl, o-, m-, p- 

Dlpropylene glycol dibenzoate 

N-Ethyl-p-toluenesulfonamide 

Isopropylidenedlphenoxypropanol 

Naphthalene, alkylated 

Phosphoric acid esters: 

Cresyl diphenyl phosphate 

Dibutylphenyl phosphate 

Dlphenyl mono-o-xenyl phosphate 

aiphenyl octyl phosphate 

Trl(p-tert-butylphenyl) phosphate 

*Tricresyl phosphate 

»Triphenyl phosphate 

Polyoxyalkalene phenol 

»Phthallc anhydride esters: 

Butyl benzyl phthalate 

Butyl cyclohexyl phthalate 

«Butyl decyl phthalate 

Butyl octyl phthalate 

Butyl phthaljl butyl glycolate 

Castor oil phthalate, hydrogeiiated 

Diallyl phthalate 

Dl(2-butoxyethyl) phthalate (Di(2-butyl cellosolve) 

phthalate) . 
»Di butyl phthalate 

»Dlcapryl phthalate 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



253. 

221. 

303. 

252. 

221. 

303, 529. 

221. 

252. 

214. 

221, 597. 

221. 

252. 

221. 

252. 

221, 254, 273, 475, 597. 

221, 252, 477. 

547. 

221. 

558. 

72, 260, 558, 597. 

443, 529, 558. 

221. 

253. 

254. 

254, 359. 

72, 139, 177, 221, 253, 254, 273, 290, 336, 346, 

443, 451, 485, 493, 558, 573, 597. 
177, 254, 558, 566. 



130 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 23Ti. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Plasticizers for which United States producti 
identi fied by manufacturer, 7956 --Continued 



or sales were reported. 



Manufacturers' identifioation numbers 
( according to list In table 27) 



PLASTICIZERS, CYCLIC— Continued 

*Phthallo anhydride esters — Continued 

»Dlcyclohexyl phthalate 

♦Dldecyl phthalate 

Dlethylhexyl hexahydrophthalate 

•Diethyl phthalate 

Dihexyl phthalate 

Dllsobutyl phthalate 

»Diisodeoyl phthalate 

»Dl(2-methoxyethyl) phthalate (Di(methyl cello- 
solve) phthalate) . 

»Dijnethyl phthalate ■«- 

Dinonyl phthalate 

*Dloctyl phthalates: 

»Dl(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate 

»Dliso-octyl phthalate 

*Dl-n-ootyl phthalate and mixtures 

Dlphenyl phthalate 

Ethyl phthalyl ethyl glycolate 

Hexyl-iso-octyl phthalate 

Ifethyl phthalyl ethyl glycolate 

»Octyl decyl phthalate 

All other phthalic anhydride esters 

Tetrahydrofurfuryl oleate 

Toluenesulfonamide, o-, p- mixture 

All other cyclic plasticizers 

PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC 

»Adlplc acid esters: 

Di(2-butoxyethyl) adlpate (Dl(butyl cellosolve) 
adipate) . 

*Dldecyl adipate 

•Dl(2-ethylhexyl) adipate 

Dilsoamyl adipate 

Dllsobutyl adipate 

»Dliso-octyl adipate 



Dinonyl adipate 

Octyl decyl adipate 

All other adipic acid esters 

»Azelaic acid esters: 

Dl butyl azelate 

Di(2-ethylhexyl) azelate 

Diiso-octyl azelate 

All other azelaio add esters 

Butyl myristate 

Castor oil maleate 

Citric and acetylcitric acid esters 

Di ( butoxyethoxyethyl) methane 

Dl butyl maleate 

Dlbutyl fumarate 

Dlbutyl tartrate 

Dicapryl dlglyoolate 

Dlethylene glycol dlpelargonate 

Diethyl maleate 

Glyceryl dlaoetyl tartrate monoesters 

Glyceryl tripropionate 

Isopropyl myristate 

Laurie acid esters 

«01eic acid esters: 

2-Butoxyethyl oleate (Butyl cellosolve oleate) — 

»Butyl oleate ■ 

Glyceryl trioleate (Triolein) 

•Methyl oleate 

n- Propyl oleate 

All other oleic acid esters 

Palmitic acid esters 

•Phosphoric acid esters 

Polyethylene glycol di-2-ethylhexoate 

Rlclnolelc acid and aoetylrlclnolelc acid esters: 

n- Butyl acetylrlclnoleate 

Butyl riclnoleate 

•Glyceryl monoriclnoleate 

Glyceryl triaoetylricinoleate 

2-Methoxyethyl acetylrlclnoleate (Methyl cellosolve 
acetylrlclnoleate) . 

Methyl acetylrlclnoleate 

Methyl rlcinoleate 



221, 
451, 
529. 
212, 

177, 

72, 
253, 

221, 
260, 



253, 25A, 558. 

485, 515, 522, 529, 597. 



221, 330, 443. 
499. 



139, 221, 254, 260, 558, 573. 
254, 359, 443. 



253, 330, 443, 527, 558. 
443, 451, 522. 



72, 139, 177, 221, 253, 254, 260, 273, 290, 443, 
451, 485, 493, 515, 529, 558, 573, 597. 

72, 212, 221, 254, 260, 290, 443, 451, 485, 493, 
522, 558, 573, 597. 

346, 515. 

221. 

221. 

573. 

221. 

72, 212, 254, 260, 451, 515, 522, 529, 558, 566, 
573, 597. 

212, 254, 443, 451, 522, 536, 573. 

248, 488. 

221. 

177, 256, 547. 



253, 254, 451. 

72, 254, 260, 451, 515, 522, 529, 558, 573. 

72, 254, 260, 346, 443, 451, 529, 573, 597. 

566. 

290, 443, 451, 522. 

72, 177, 221, 254, 260, 290, 359, 443, 522, 527, 

558, 566, 573. 
260, 536. 

72, 254, 260, 359, 522, 573. 
177, 314, 359, 515, 522, 529, 573. 



359, 443, 


536. 








443, 451, 


488 


522 


573 


597. 


290, 522. 










488, X. 










359, 457. 










566. 










443. 










3W. 










72, 290. 










72. 










359. 










254. 










488. 










221. 










494. 










443. 










391, 457. 










100, 359, 


536. 








359, 536. 










254, 260, 


359 


457 


527 


536, 598 


248, 488, 


507. 








100, 359, 


457 


488 


527 




170, 488. 










170, 254, 


566. 








72, 100, 


359, 


443, 


457, 


597. 


254, 336, 


443, 


529 






529. 










96, 451. 










96, 451. 










96, 179, 


248, 


359, 


527, 


536. 


96. 










96, 451. 











96, 527. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



131 



TAnLE 23Ti.--Syntheti 



chemicr. 
irient 



's; Plast icizers far which Uniterl StBte.t protiii 
ifieH hy manufacturer, J956--Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Ricinoleic acid and acetylricinolelc acid 
esters — Continued 

Propylene gljrcol monorlcinoleate 

All other ricinoleic and acetylricinolelc acid 
esters. 
»Sebacic acid esters: 

»Di butyl sebacate 

Di(2-ethylhexyl) sebacate 

Dilso-octyl sebacate 

Polyethylene glycol 2-ethylhexyl sebacate 

All other sebacio acid esters 

*Stearic acid esters: 

2-Butoxyethyl stearate (Butyl cellosolve stearate) 

Butyl epoxystearate 

»Butyl stearate 

Diethylene glycol distearate 

Dimethylammonium stearate 

2-Ethylhexyl stearate 

Glyceryl tristearate (Tristearln) 

2-Methoxyethyl stearate (Methyl cellosolve 
stearate) . 

Methyl dichlorostearic acid 

Methyl pentachlorostearate 

All other stearic acid esters 

*Triethylene glycol di(caprylate-caprate) 

Triethylene glycol di-2-ethylbutyTate 

All other acyclic plastioizers 



96, 359. 

179, «!. 



177, 290, 359, 4^3, 451, 536, 566. 

72, 260, 290, 451, 536, 566, 573. 

72, 177, 260, 566. 

573. 

177, 41A, 451, 566, X. 

254, 359. 
254. 

72, 170, 177, 254, 336, 359, 451, 457, 493, 527. 

359, 598. 

566. 

254. 

507. 

359. 

468. 

468. 

359, 451, 494, 527. 

72, 100, 507, 573. 

529. 

212, 254, 443, 451, 473, 488, 499, 529, 566, X. 



132 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Surface -Active Agents 



TAHLE 24P. --Synthetic oceanic chemicals: Surface-active agents for which United States production or aalei 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1956 

[Surface-active agents for which separate statistics are given in table 2^k are marked below with an aster- 
isk (*); products not so marked do not appear in table 2'4A because the reported data are accepted In con- 
fidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' Identification numbers shown below are taken from table 
27. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number 
with the designated product] 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, CYCLIC 

*Esters and ethers, nonsulfonated: 

Amylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

Anhydrohexltol castor oil ester 

Anhydrohexltol castor oil polyoxyalkylene ether 

Anhydrohexltol dllaurate 

Anhydrohexltol dllaurate polyoxyalkylene ether 

Anhydrohexltol dloleate 

Anhydrohexltol glycerol monolaurate 

Anhydrohexltol monolaurate 

Anhydrohexltol monolaurate polyoxyalkylene ether — 

Anhydrohexltol mono-oleate 

Anhydrohexltol mono-oleate polyoxyalkylene ether — 

Anhydrohexltol monopalmltate 

Anhydrohexltol moncpalmitate polyoxyalkylene ether 

Anhydrohexltol monostearate — 

Anhydrohexltol monostearate polyoxyalkylene ether- 

Anhydrohexitol tal:. oil ester 

Anhydrohexltol tall oil polyoxyalkylene ether 

Anhydrohexltol tetrastearate 

Anhydrohexltol trioleate 

Anhydrohexltol trioleate polyoxyalkylene ether 

Anliydrohexitol trlricinoleate 

Anhydrohexltol trlricinoleate polyoxyalkylene 
ether. 

Anhydrohexltol tristearate 

Anhydrohexltol tristearate polyoxyalkylene ether — 

Dlisobutylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

Dodecylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

Glucose polyoxyalkylene dlstearate — — 

Glucose polyoxyalkylene ether polyoxyalkylene 

oleate. 
Glucose polyoxyalkylene oleate. 



Iso-octylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

Nonylphehoxy polyethoxyethanol- 



n-Octylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

Tetradecylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

»Nitrogen-contalning surface-active agents, nonsul- 
fonated : 

N-Alkylethylmorpholinium ethosulfate 

Benzylcetyldimethylammonlum chloride 

Benzyldlmethyloctylammonlum chloride — 

"Benzyllauryldlmethylammonium chloride 

Benzylpolyethoxy coconut oil ammonium chloride 

Benzyl triraethylammonlum chloride 

Caprylethyl-5-hydroxycycloimidine, sodium 

ethylate, sodium ethlonate. 
Cetylpyrldinlum chloride (Hexadecylpyrldlnium 

chloride) . 
3,'i-Dichlorobenzyllauroyldimethylammonlum 

chloride . 
1 , l-Dihydroxyethyl-2-heptadecenylimidazollnlum 

chloride. 
Dodeeylbenzyldiethyl(2-hydroxyethyl)ajmiionlum 

chloride . 

Dodecylbenzyltrlethylammonium chloride— — — 

Dodecylbenzyltrlmethylannnonlum chloride 

Ethoxybenzyldlmethyloctylphenoxyajnmonlum chloride- 

2-Heptadecyl-l-hydroxyethyl-2-lmidazoline 

Lauroyl-5-ethoxycyclolmidine, dlsodium ethlonate — 
Lauroylethyl-5-hydroxycycloimidlne, sodium 

ethylate, sodium ethlonate. 

Lauroylmethylbenzyltrimethylamnionlum chloride 

2-Laur oyloxy e thyl c arbamy Imethylpyr 1 dlnium 

chloride (Lauroyl ester of colamlnoforrayl- 

methylpyrldinium chloride). 

tauroylpyri dlnium chloride — — - 

Mixed fatty acid imidazolines 

Oleoyl imidazoline- 



5A7. 
547. 
547. 
547. 
547. 
547. 
547. 
547. 
547. 
547. 
547. 
547. 
547. 
547. 
547. 
547. 
547. 
547. 
547. 
547. 
547. 
547. 

547. 

547. 

510, 566. 

221. 

547. 

510. 

547. 

510, 527. 

159, 405, 510, 547, 566, X. 

529, 547. 

222. 



547. 

348, 364, 566, 598, 611. 

492, 598. 

45, 364, 432, 547, 598. 

510. 

336. 

195. 

115, 364, 365. 

348, 364, 432, 598. 

608. 

222. 

494. 
222. 
566. 
608. 
195. 
195. 

566. 
494. 



Oxazoline, substituted 

Rosin amlnopolyethoxyethanol- 
Rosln polyamidoinildazollne — 



364, 468. 
126. 

439, 497. 

336, 527. 

212, 547. 
290. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



133 



TAS£ 24B. 'Synthetic organic chemicals: Surface' act ive agents for which United States production or sales 
were reported , identified by manufacturer , 1956- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(acooraing to list in table 27) 



SDRFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, CYCLIC— Continued 

•Nitrogen-containing surface-active agents, non- 

sulfonated — Continued 
Stearoylethyl-5-hydroxycycloimidine, sodium 

ethylate, sodium ethionate, 
Stearoyl imidazoline- 



Stearoyloxyethylcarbanylmethylpyrldinium chloride- 
N-Xylene stearamide- 



•Sulfated and sulfonated cyclic surface-active 
agents: 
»Alkyl benzenoid compounds, sulfated and 
sulfonated: 

Decylbenzenesulfonic acid type— 

Didodecylbenzenesulfonlc acid type 

»Dodecyllienzenesulfonic acid type 



Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, butylammonium salt- 

Dodeoylbenzenesulfonic acid, calcium salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, cyolohexylamine 

salt. 
Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, isopropylaramonlum 

salt. 
Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, triethanolamine 
salt. 

Dodecyltoluenesulfonio acid type 

All other 

•Lignin derivatives, sulfonated: 

Ammonium lignosulfonate — — — — — 

Calcium lignosulfonate 

Magnesium lignosulfonate — 

Sodium lignosulfonate — — — 

•Naphthalene derivatives, sulfonated: 

Benzylnaphthalenesiilfonic acid, mono- — — 

Butyllsopropylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium 
salt. 

»Butylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, mono- 

»Diamylnaphthalenesulfonic acid — — 

»Dibutylnaphthalenesulfonic acid 

•Diisopropylnaphthalenesulfonic acid — — 

*Isopropylnaphthalenesulfonic acid -— 

1,1' -MethylenebisC2-naphthalenesulfonlc acid) . 

Mixed alkylated naphthalenesulfonic acid 

Tetrahydronaphthalenesulfonic acid 

•Petroleum aromatic compounds, sulfonated; Water- 
soluble- type petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt. 
»A11 other sulfated and sulfonated cyclic surface- 
active agents: 

Butylbiphenylsulfonic acid 

Butylhydroxyblphenylsulfonic acid-—— 

N-Cyclohexyl-N-palmitoyltaurine 

Dibutyliiydroxybiphenyldisulfonlc acid 

N,N-Dlethylcyolohexylamlne salt of lauryl 

sulfate. 
Dodecyltriethylammonium p-toluene sulfonic acld- 
N-Methyl-N-didodeoylbenzyltaurine, sodium salt — 

Nonylphenoxy polyethoxyethyl sulfate — 

Octylphenoxy polyethoxyethyl sulfate 

Octylphenoxy polyethoxyethyl sulfonate 

•Toluene sulfonate, sodium salt — — — — 

Trichlorophenol sulfate, ethanolamine salt 

Xylene sulfonate, sodium salt 

SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC 



I 



•Esters and ethers, nonsulfonated: 

•Diethylene glycol monolaurate 

•Diethylene glycol mono-oleate 

•Diethylene glycol monostearate 

Diethylene glycol tall oil ester 

Diisobutylene maleate 

Dipolyethoxyethyl ether of polyoxypropylene 
glycol. 

Ethylene glycol mono-oleate — — 

Ethylene glycol monostearate — 

Glycerol maleate mono-oleate — 

Glycerol mono and di esters of fatty acids 

Glycerol monococate 

Glycerol monoester of lard 



A9A. 
501. 



92, 221. 

573. 

62, 99, 113, 122, 159, 188, 221, 243, 251, 261, 278, 
281, 298, 318, 327, 3A3, 383, ^2^^, 439, 457, 458, 
494, 497, 501, 506, 547, 552, 563, 565, 566, 567, 
577, 586, 612, 615. 

221, 494. 

494, 545. 

510. 



439, 494, 545, 567. 



545, 567, 


612. 


566. 




221, 497. 




614. 




16, 23, 299, 617, 618. 


16. 




16, 618. 




510. 




288, 376. 




170, 288, 


577. 


159, 343, 


439, 608. 


159, 225, 


439, 510, 608. 


253, 290, 


501, 510, 527, 573, 


217, 253, 


424, 506, 537. 


253. 




126, 144, 


507. 


253. 




85, 373, 


419, 463, 508. 


221. 




221. 




510. 




221. 




253. 




364. 




222. 




510, 567, 


586, 615. 


566. 




566. 




206, 281, 


501, 586, 604, 612 


510. 




206, 501 


545. 



179, 343, 359, 425, 494, 527, 536. 

179, 359, 488, 494, 527, 536. 

62, 179, 248, 327, 343, 359, 391, 494, 527, 536, 549. 

343, 494. 

566. 

565. 

359, 497, 536. 

248, 359, 391, 536, 545. 

359, 547. 

494, 527. 

507. 

327. 

327, 507. 



I 



134 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



1/a.t 2ATi.- -Synthetic organic chemicals: Surface-active agents for which Uni ted States production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1956--Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

•Esters and ethers, nonsulfonated — Continued 

Glycerol monolaurate — 

•Glycerol mono-oleate 

•Glycerol monostearate 

Hexitol polyoxyalkylene beeswax ester 

Hexitol polyoxyalkylene dioleate 

Hexitol polyoxyalkylene fatty acid ester 

Hexitol polyoxyalkylene hexalaurate 

Hexitol polyoxyalkylene hexaoleate 

Hexitol polyoxyalkylene hexastearate 

Hexitol polyoxyalkylene hexa(tall oil) ester 

Hexitol polyoxyalkylene lanolin ester 

Hexitol polyoxyalkylene oleate 

Hexitol polyoxyalkylene pentalaurate 

Hexitol polyoxyalkylene penta(tall oil) ester 

Hexitol polyoxyallQrlene tetra(oleate, laurate) 
ester. 

Hexitol polyoxyalkylene tetra(tall oil) ester 

Methoxy polyethoxyethyl coconut oil ester 

Polyethoxyethyl castor oil ester 

Polyethoxyethyl cetyl ether 

Polyethoxyethyl coconut oil ester 

Polyethoxyethyl decyl ether 

•Polyethoxyethyl dilaurate 

•Polyethoxyethyl dioleate 

Polyethoxyethyl distearate 

Polyethoxyethyl tert-dodeoyl thloether 

Polyethoxyethyl lauryl ether 

Polyethoxyethyl mixed fatty acid ester 

•Polyethoxyethyl monolaurate 

•Polyethoxyethyl mono-oleate 

Polyethoxyethyl monopalmitate 

Polyethoxyethyl monoriclnoleate 

•Polyethoxyethyl monostearate 

Polyethoxyethyl oleyl ether 

Polyethoxyethyl soybean oil ester 

Polyethoxyethyl stearyl ether 

Polyethoxyethyl tall oil ester 

•Polyethoxyethyl tallow ester 

•Polyethoxyethyl tridecyl ether 

Folyglycerol oleate ~ — — 

Polyoxyalkylene glycollate 

Polyoxyalkylene lanolin ether 

Polyoxyalkylene resin ester 

1,2-Propylene glycol monococate — 

•1,2-Propylene glycol monolaurate — 

1,2-Propylene glycol mono-oleate 

•1,2-Propylene glycol monostearate 

Propylene glycol polyoxyalkylene stearate 

Propylpolyethoxyethyl ether of polyoxypropylene 
glycol . 
•Nitrogen-containing surface-active agents, nonsul- 
fonated: 

Alkylamino polyethoxyethanol 

Alkylsulfonamidoacetic acid, sodium salt — 

N-(Amlnoethyl)-N-(hydroxyethyl) coconut oil amide-- 

N- ( Aminoethyl ) -N- ( hy dr oxyethyl ) oleamide 

N-(Aminoethyl)-N-(hydroxyethyl)palm oil amide 

•N-(Aminoethyl)-N-(hydroxyethyl)stearamlde (Stear- 
amide of aminoethylethanolamine) . 

Cetylbetaine (Hexadecylbetaine ) 

Cetylethyldirael^hylammonium bromide- — 

Cetyl, lauroyl trlmethylammonium bromide 

Cetyltrimethylammonlum bromide 

•Coconut oil amide of mono(diethanolaiiiine) 
(Dlethanol lauramide) . 

•Coconut oil amide of bls(diethanolamine) 

•Coconut oil amide of diethanolamlne, neither mono 

nor bis. 

Coconut oil amide of diethylenetriamine 

Coconut oil amide of diisopropanol amine 

Coconut oil amide of isopropanolamine 

Coconut oil amide of monoethanolamlne (Ethanol 

lauramide). 



179, 359. 

32, 179, 188, 2^8, 318, 359, 488, 497, 507, 527, 536, 

545, 547. 
91, 113, 159, 179, 225, 248, 298, 327, 359, 365, 391, 

418, 494, 507, 521, 527, 536, 547, 549. 
547. 
547. 
547. 
547. 
547. 
62. 
547. 
547. 
547. 
547. 
547. 
547. 

547. 

359, 507, 536. 

494, 510, 547, 608. 

547. 

122, 298, 527. 

457, 547. 

179, 239, 359, 536, 598, 608. 

179, 343, 359, 424, 497, 527, 536, 608. 

179, 343, 359, 536, 549. 

221, 497, 585. 

253, 343, 547, X. 

376, 497, 529, 547. 

21, 153, 179, 232, 343, 359, 499, 507, 510, 527, 536, 

549, 608. 
62, 179, 188, 343, 359, 424, 497, 499, 507, 510, 527, 

536, 547, 549, 598, 608. 
507, 547. 
359, 527, 536. 
45, 62, 179, 239, 359, 457, 494, 527, 536, 547, 549, 

566, 598, 608. 
159, 253, 501, 510, 527, 547. 
598. 

380, 547. 

9, 62, 221, 286, 405, 494, 497, 510, 527, 547. 
170, 323, 359, 424, 497, 510. 
221, 405, 497, 510, 547, X. 
494. 
547. 
547. 

547, X, X. 
327, 507. 

327, 359, 507, 536. 
359, 536. 

248, 298, 327, 359, 494, 536. 
547. 
547. 



510, 547, X. 

510. 

62, 298, 418, 507, 527, 563. 

399, 501, 527. 

170. 

62, 113, 159, 170, 225, 243, 253, 343, 399, 417, 418, 

424, 457, 501, 510, 527, 598. 
253. 
364. 
253. 
364. 
122, 243, 298, 327, 391, 399, 418, 494, 497, 501, 

527, 545, 563, 608, 613. 
2, 62, 90, 153, 286, 343, 386, 439, 501, 527, 545, 

567. 
28, 92, 113, 159, 176, 239, 417, 586, 598, X, 

286, 527. 

X. 

545, 586, X. 

62, 159, 243, 286, 298, 359, 417, 494, 501, 598. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



135 



TABLE 21B.--Synthetic organic 
were 



Sur face-act i 
identified by 



T which Vnite-I "Staters 
19 56- -Continued 



Manufacturers' Identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

•Nitrogen-containing surface-active agents, non- 
sulfona ted --Continued 

Coconut oil trimethylararaoniuin chloride 

Decylbetaine 

Dicoconut oil dimethylammoniuni chloride 

N,N-Dlethyleth>'lene bis-stearamlde 

Dihydrogenated tallow dimethylanponium chloride 

N,N-DlC2-hjrdroxyethyl)blsoleaiiiide 

N , N-Di ( 2-hy droxyethyl ) caprami de 

N , N-Dl ( 2-hydr oxyethy 1 ) lauramide ( Dlethanolamlne 
laurate). 
•N,N-DiC2-hydroxyethyl)oleaiiiide (Diethanol 

oleamlde) . 
»N , N-Di ( 2-hydroxyethyl ) s tearamlde ( Diethanol 
stear amide). 

Dilauroyldimethylammonium bromide 

N-(3-Dlmethylainino) oleamlde 

Dlsoybean oil dimethylammonium chloride 

Dltallowdimethylammoniuin chloride 

N,N-Ethylene blsoleamide 

N,N-Ethylene bis-stearamlde 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)oleamlde (Ethanol oleamlde) 

N-( 2-Hydroxyetl^l ) stearamide 

N-(2-Hydroxymethyl)rayristamide 

N-(2-Hydroxypropyl)laur amide 

N-(2-Hydroxypropyl) oleamlde 

N-(2-Hydroxypropyl) stearamide 

Lauroylamino polyethoxyethanol 

N-Lauroyl polypeptide — 

N-Lauroylsaroosln 

Lauroyltrimethylammonium chloride — . 

Oleamlde of dlethylenetriamine 

Oleoylamino polyethoxyethanol 

Oleoylbiguanide hydrochloride 

Oleoylpolypeptide 

N-Oleoylsarcosin, sodium salt 

Polyethoxyethanol mixed fatty amides and amines 

Polypeptide 

Soybean oil polyethoxyethyl dlethylenetriamine, 
ammonium salt. 

Soybean oil trimethylammonium chloride 

*Stearamide of dlethylenetriamine 

Stearamide of ethylenedlamine 

Stearamide of tetraethylenepentamine 

1-Stearamido-l' -adlpoamido dlethylenetriamine 

Stearic acid ester of N- ( 2-hy droxyethyl ) stear- 
amide. 

Stearoylamino polyethoxyethanol 

Stearoylbiguanide hydrochloride 

Stearoylethyldimethylammonlum bromide 

N-Stearoylsarcosin, sodium salt 

Stearoyltrlmethylammonium bromide 

Stearoyltrimethylammonium chloride 

Tallow amide of dlethanolamlne 

Tallow trimethylammonium chloride 

TetralcisChydroxyethyl polyoxyethylenepolyoxy- 
propylene) ethylenedlamine. 

Triethanolamine coconut oil ester 

Triethanolamine myristate — — 

Triethanolamine oleate 

Triethanolamine stearate 

All other 

•Phosphorus-containing sVirfaoe-aotive agents, non- 
sulf onated : 

Alky t" polyphosphates, mixed, sodium salt 

Capryl, octyl phosphate 

Dodecyl phosphate 

Ethylhexyl phosphate, sodiim salt 

Mixed mono- and dlalkyl acid phosphates 

Mixed mono- and dlalkyl acid phosphates, 
dlethanolamlne salt. 

Ootyl polyphosphate, sodium salt 

•Salts of fatty acids, nonsulf onated: 

Castor oil, potassium salt 

•Coconut oil, potassium salt 

Com oil, potassium salt — 

Corn oil, sodium salt 

•Potassium laurate 

^^otasalum oleate 



309. 

253. 

309. 

543. 

309. 

62. 

608. 

424, 527, 549, 598. 

170, 248, 494, 527, 545, 608. 

28, 62, 153, 159, 239, 286, 343, 439, 501, 520, 527, 

545, 549, 608, X. 
253, 598. 
248. 
309. 
328. 
248. 
248, 501, 527, 608. 

417. N 
545. 

501. 

501, 608. 

494. 

494. 

510. 

271. 

327, 510, 608. 

309. 

527, 547. 

510, 547. 

510. 

271. 

510, 608. 

126, 309, 510. 

271. 

510. 

309. 

217, 286, 343, 399, 417, 424, 457, 598. 

514. 

418, 457, 598. 
286. 

494. 

510, 547. 

510. 

364. 

510, 608. 

253. 

309. 

298. 

309. 

565. 

545. 

524. 

232, 524, 536. 

21, 424. 

206, 418, 497, 510, 583, 612. 



378. 

378, 418. 
253. 
529. 

253, 537. 
253, 378. 

378. 

343. 

36, 47, 62, 225. 
47, 386, 497. 
21. 

153, 507, 527, 549. 

36, 47, 62, 149, 170, 225, 324, 343, 386, 404, 497, 
501, 527» 549, 563. 



136 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 24B. --.Synthetic organic chemicals: Surface-active agents for which United States prorhjcti 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, /956-- Continued 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC—Contlnued 

»Salts of fatty acids, nonsulfonated — Continued 

Potassium resinate 

Potassium stearate 

*Potassi\jni tallate 

Rice oil, sodium salt 

Sodium laurate 

»Sodlum oleate — • — — 

•Sodium stearate 

Sodium tallate 

Soybean oil, potassium salt 

Tallow, potassium salt 

Tallovj, sodium salt 

•Sulfated and sulfonated acyclic surface-active 
agents: 
»Aoids, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Aoetyloleic acid, sulfonated 

•Oleic acid, sulfonated (Sulfonated red oil)- 



Rloinoleic acid, sulfonated 

•Alcohols, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Capryl, octyl sulfate 

Cetyl, oleyl sulfate 

Cetyl sulfate 

Decyl sulfate 

Decyl sulfate, triethanolamine salt 

3,9-Diethyl-6-tridecyl sulfate 

2-Ethylhexyl sulfate 

7-Ethyl-2-methyl-'i-undecyl sulfate 

Lauryl, oleyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Lauryl sulfate, 2-amino-2-methyl propanol salt — 

Lauryl sulfate, ammonium salt 

•Lauryl sulfate, diethanolamine salt 

Lauryl sulfate, isopropanolaraine salt 

Lauryl sulfate, magnesium salt 

Lauryl sulfate, monoethanolamine salt 

Lauryl sulfate, potassium salt 

•Lauryl sulfate, sodium salt (Sodium dodecyl 
sulfate) . 

•Lauryl sulfate, triethanolamine salt 

Stearyl sulfate (Octadecyl sulfate) 

Stearyl sulfate, triethanolamine salt 

Tallow sulfate 

•Esters, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Bis-sulfosuccinate ester of tallov monoglycerlde 

Bis(tridecyl) sulfosuccinate 

Butyl ethylene glycol sulfo-oleate 

n-Butyl sulfo-oleate 

n-Butyl sulforicinoleate, sodium salt 

Diarayl sulfosuccinate 

Dicapryl sulfosuccinate 

Di ( 2-ethylhexyl ) sulfosuccinate 

Dihexyl sulfosuccinate 

Disodium l-raethyl-2-sulfoethyl a-sulfolaurate 

Disodium 2-sulfoethyl a-sulfococate 

Disodium 2-sulfoethyl a-sulfo-oleate 

Ethyl, butyl sulfoaconitate, sodium salt 

Ethyl sulfo-oleate 

Glycerol mono( coconut oil) ester, sulfated, 

ammonium salt. 
Glycerol mono(coconut oil) ester, sulfated, 

sodium salt. 
Glycerol monostearate sulfoacetate, sodium salt- 

Glyoerol tri( sulfo-oleate) 

•I sopropyl sulfo-oleate 

Lauroyl sulfoacetate 

Methyl sulfo-oleate 

Methyl, ethyl, propyl sulfo-oleate 

Mixed alkyl ethers, sulfated 

Polyethoxyethyl n-decyl sulfate 

Polyethoxyetliyl lauryl sulfate, triethanolamine 
salt. 

Polyethoxyethyl stearyl sulfate 

Polyethoxyethyl tridecyl sulfate 

»n-Propyl sulfo-oleate 

•Nitrogen-containing surface-active agents, 
sulfated and sulfonated: 
Coconut oil amide of isopropanolaraine , sulfated, 
sodium salt. 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



501. 



527. 



497 

21, 47, 153, 343, 386, 418, 425, 497, 549. 

439. 

417 

62, 

418 

153 

343. 

149, 343, 507 



90, 343, 404, 417, 418, 493, 501, 507, 527, 549. 

424, 493, 501, 527, 560, 564. 

343, 418, 527. 
507. 



32, 85, 90, 92, 113, 159, 171, 217, 343, 383, 404, 
418, 424, 425, 436, 439, 457, 497, 507, 510, 527, 
537, 571, 612. 

507, 527. 



253, 380, 


418. 


288, 380, 


598. 


253, 380, 


608. 


253, 598. 




253. 




529. 




529. 




529. 




253, 380. 




253. 




380, 567, 


586, 598. 


253, 380, 


567, 586, 611. 


613. 




380. 




376. 




298, 380. 




62, 93, 253, 298, 343, 380, 399, 424, 492, 503, 547 


567, 586, 598, 611, 613, 615, 619. 


253, 298, 


380, 567, 581, 586, 598, 611, 615. 


122, 253, 


298, 380. 


253. 




598. 




537. 




537. 




225, 424 




62, 424, 


439, 457, 598. 


451. 




537. 




566. 




62, 122, 


159, 343, 418, 457, 537. 


537, 608 




510. 




510. 




510. 




62. 




425. 




327. 





327, 492. 

494. 

170, 343, 424. 

28, 217, 243, 343, 418, 573. 

506. 

457. 

527. 

151, 298. 

X. 

298, 380. 

253, 380. 
547, 567. 
153, 170, 323, 488, 497, 537. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



137 



chemicals: Sur face -net ive agents for which Vnite-i states prnrlu, 
repnrterl, irlentifieH hy manufacturer , 1956- -Continued 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

xSulfated and sulfonated acyclic surface-ective 
agents- -Continued 
»Nitrogen-containlng surface-active agents, 
sulfated and sulfonated — Continued 
■••Coconut oil amide of monoethanolajnine, sulfated, 

potassium salt. 
"Coconut oil amide of monoethanolamine, sulfated, 
sodium salt. 

Coconut oil amine propionate, sulfated — — 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)oleamlde, sulfated (Oleic acid 

ethanolamide sulfate), sodium salt. 
N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)stearamide, sulfated (Stearic 
acid ethanolamide sulfate), sodium salt. 

N- ( 2-Hydroxypropyl ) oleamide, sulfated 

Lauroylsulfoacetoethanolamide, potassium salt 

Lauroyltrimethylammoniumtosylate 

N-Methyl-N-oleoyltaurine, sodium salt 

N-Metliyl-N-palmitoyl taurine 

N-(Myristoylethyl)sulfosucclnamide 

Neat's-foot oil amide of ethanolamine, sulfated, 
ammonium salt. 

N-(01eoylisopropyl)sulfosuccinamide — 

N-Stearoyl sulfosuocinamlde, disodium salt 

Tallow amide of ethanolamine sulfosuccinate ~ 

N, N, N, N-Tetrakis ( 2-hydroxypropyl ) -ethylene- 
diamlne dioleate methyl sulfate. 

All other 

»Oils, fats, and waxes, sulfated and sulfonated: 
Animal fats and oils, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Lard oil, sulfonated 

»Neat's-foot oil, sulfonated 

Oleostearine, sulfonated 

«Tallow, sulfonated 

Wool grease, sulfonated 

Fish and marine-animal oils, sulfated and 
sulfonated : 
«Cod oil, sulfonated 

Herring oil, sulfonated 

Menhaden oil, sulfonated 

Mixed fish oils, sulfonated 

*Sperm oil, sulfonated 

Whale oil, sulfonated 

»Tall oil, sulfonated 

Vegetable oils, sulfated and sulfonated: 
»Castor oil, sulfonated 



»Coconut oil, sulfonated 

Com oil, sulfonated 

Cottonseed oil, sulfonated. 

Linseed oil, sulfonated 

*t4istard -seed oil, sulfonated 

Olive oil, sulfonated 

Palm-kernel oil, sulfonated 

♦Peanut oil, sulfonated 

Rapeseed oil, sulfonated 

»Rice-bran oil, sulfonated 

♦Soybean oil, sulfonated - 

»A11 other oils, fats, and waxes, sulfated and — 
sulfonated : 

Japan wax, synthetic, sulfonated 

Recovered grease, sulfonated 

All other 

Petroleum aliphatic compounds, sulfated and sul- 
fonated: Petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt. 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



62, 



, 243, "ilS, -^39. 
159, 286, 3«, 417, 418, 501, 598, 608. 



328. 
170, 



494. 

494. 

563. 

62, 99, 159, 243, 417, 424, 436, 439, 510. 

510. 

494. 

286. 

494. 
537. 
170. 
253. 



103, 246, 286, 436, 439, 497, 616. 

32, 36, 113, 171, 246, 286, 294, 404, 425, 507, 520, 
527, 571. 

171. 

22, 26, 32, 62, 71, 113, 159, 170, 171, 217, 243, 
246, 294, 323, 343, 383, 418, 424, 436, 439, 457, 
497, 507, 526, 527, 537, 549, 571, 598. 

246. 



32, 36, 103, 114, 171, 225, 294, 404, 424, 497, 507, 

520, 527, 571. 
171, 507, 527, 571. 
246, 507. 
92, 616. 
32, 36, 85, 99, 103, 114, 122, 171, 176, 225, 243, 

246, 294, 343, 404, 424, 425, 437, 497, 507, 520, 

527, 539, 571, 598, 616. 
539. 
99, 171, 286, 343, 425, 457, 527, 537, 616. 

11, 32, 36, 49, 62, 71, 85, 90, 92, 99, 105, 113, 
153, 159, 170, 171, 176, 217, 225, 243, 246, 253, 
286, 294, 404, 418, 424, 425, 436, 437, 439, 451, 
457, 497, 501, 507, 510, 520, 526, 527, 537, 539, 
549, 571, 575, 586, 616. 

113, 114, 404, 437, 425, 527, 537, 616. 

497, 527, 537, 586. 

527. 

294. 

113, 243, 294, 527, 586. 

424. 

114. 

11, 71, 85, 170, 294, 323, 383, 425, 437, 527, 537. 

343, 425. 

71, 113, 243, 343, 424, 497, 507, 527, 539. 

176, 243, 294, 425, 507, 571. 



404. 
171, 539. 

253. 



138 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Pesticides and Other Organic Agricultural Chemicals 



TABLE 25B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1956 

r Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals for which separate statistics are given in table 25A 
are marked below with an asterisk (*); products not so marked do not appear in table 25A because the re- 
ported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers 
shown below are taken from table 27. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publica- 
tion of his identification number with the designated product] 



PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL 
CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 
^Fungicides and seed disinfectants: 

Cadmium aniline dilactate 

Captan ( N-Trichloromethylthio-4-cyclohexene- 
1,2-dlcarboximide) . 

Chloranil ( Tetraohloro-p-quinone) 

5-Chloro-2-mercaptobenzothlazole 

5-Chloro-2-mercaptobenzothiazole, lauryl- 
pyridium salt. 

Dichlone ( 2, 3 -Dichloro- 1,4 -naphthoquinone) 

3,5-Dimethyltetrahydro-2H,l,3,5-thladiazine-2- 
thione . 

Glyodin C2-Heptadecyl-2-imidazollne acetate) 

2-Mercaptobenzothlazole, monoethanolamine salt — 
«Mercury fungicides: 

2- Chloro-4-(hydroxymercuri) phenol 

N-( Ethylmercuri) -hexachlorotetrahydro- 
methanophthalimide (Qnmi). 

N-( Ethylmercuri) -p-toluenesulfonanllide 

<l-(Hydroxymercurl)-2-nltrophenol 

2-(Phenyljnercuriamino)ethanol acetate 

N-Phenylmercuriformamide " — 

8-(Phenylmercurioxy) qulnoline 

Phenyljaercury hydroxide 

Phenylmercury lactate 

Phenylmeroury naphthenate 

Phenylmercury oleate 

Phenylmeroury propionate 

Tris( 2-hydroxyethyl) ( phenylmerouri) ammonium 
lactate. 
2-( 1-Methylheptyl) -4,6-dinitrophenyl orotonate 

( Karathane) . 
»Naphthenic acid, copper salt 



Manufacturers' Identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



»Pentachlorophenol 

Pentachlorophenol, sodium salt — ------- — 

a-Phenyl-p-cresol (p-Benzylphenol) 

3-Quinolinol ( 8-Hydroxyqulnoline) , copper salt 

2,3,4,6-Tetraohlorophenol 

»2,'4,5-Trlchlorophenol 

2,A,5-Trichlorophenol, ethanolamine salt 

2,4,5-Trichlorophenol, sodium salt 

2,4-,6-Trichlorophenol 

2,'i,6-Trlchlorophenol, potassium salt 

■^Herbicides and plant hormones: 

2-sec-Amyl-4,6-dinltrophenol 

2-sec-Butyl-'i,6-dinltrojiienol 

2-sec-Butyl-A,6-dinltrophenol, triethanolamine 
salt. 

3-(p-Chlorophenyl)-l,l-dimethylurea (CMU) 

2-(2,<i-Dichlorophenoxy)ethanol hydrogen sulfate, 
sodium salt. 

3-(3,A-Dlchlorciphenyl)-l,l-dlmethylurea 

l,2-Dihydro-3,6-pyridazlnedione (Maleic hydrazlde) 

l,2-Dihydro-3,6-pyrldazinedione, sodium salt 

4,6-Dlnitro-o-cresol (DNOC) 

"i,6-Dinltro-o-ore6ol, sodium salt (Sinox) 

Isopropyl carbanllate ( Isopropyl N-phenyl- 

carbamate) ( IPC) . 
Isopropyl-3-ohlorocarbanllate (Isopropyl N- 
( 3-chlorophenyl) carbamate) ( CIPC) . 
"■Naphthalene- and naphthyloxyacetic acid 
derivatives: 

1- Naphthaleneaoetamide 

1-Naph'thaleneacetic acid 

1-Naphthaleneacetic acid, methyl ester 

1-Naphthaleneacetic acid, sodium salt 

1-Naph'thyloxyacetic acid 

2- Naphthyloxyacetic acid 

N-l-Naph thy Iph thalamic acid 

7-0xebicyclo[2' .2. 1] heptane-2,3-dioarboxylio 
acid, disodium salt (Endo-thal). 



<;32. 
181, 532. 

455. 
221. 

201. 



529. 
201. 



253. 
569. 



253. 






253. 






432. 






240, 432, 595. 






240. 






240, 253, 307, 


432. 




240. 






229, 240. 






229, 240, 242, 


253, 


432. 


240. 






432. 






566. 






106, 117, 211, 


229, 


232, 234, 312, 340, 493, 499, 


552. 






221, 252, 466. 






221, 252. 






221. 






221, 229, 240, 


459. 




252. 






252, 468, 523, 


550. 




510. 






221, 252. 






252. 






45, 523. 






12. 






252. 






12. 






253. 






529. 






253, 320. 






455. 






455. 






12. 






12. 






157, 473. 






157, 221, 473 






63, 316. 






63, 316, 364. 






63, 316. 






63, 414. 






364. 






364, 414. 






455. 






585. 







SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



139 



TABLE 25B.- -Synthetic organic ch 
States product ion or 



Is: Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals for which United 
were reported, ident i fied by manufacturer , 7956--Continued 



Chemical 




Manufacturers 


' identification numbers 








(according to 


Ust in table 27) 




PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AC5RICULTURAL 












CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 












ifflerbioldes and plant hormones — Continued 












Phenoxyaoetio acid, salts, and derivatives: 












C2-Chloro-<4-methoxyphenoxy) acetic acid. 


509. 










dime thy lamine salt. 












(4-Chloro-2-methylphenoxy) acetic acid 


221. 










»(2,4-Dichlorophenoxy) acetic acid (2,-^-0) 


143, 


221, 252, 260, 


509 


523. 




»(2,4-Dlohlorophenoxy) acetic acid esters: 












Butoxyethoxypropyl Z.'i-dlchlorophenoxy- 


221, 


523. 








acetate. 












Butoxyethyl 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate 


63. 










Butoxypolypropyleneglycol 2,'i-dichloro- 


252. 










phenoxyacetate. 












wn— B\i-tyl 2 .4-dichlorophenoxyacetate -— — — — _™ 


63 


U3, 221, 252, 


509, 


523, 542. 




sec— Butvl 2 4— dlchloronhenoxyacetate — — -# — 


260. 
63. 




Ethyl 2,4-diohlorophenoxyacetate 










2-Ethylhexyl 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate 


523. 










»Iso-ootyl 2,'i-diohlorophenoxyacetate 


1A3, 


221, 252, 260, 


509 


523, 542. 




jtlsopropvl 2 A— dichlorophenoxyacetate— — — — — 


63, 
143. 


221, 252, 260, 


509, 


523, 532. 












Tetrahydrofurfuryl 2,'4-dichlorophenoxy- 


532. 










acetate. 












»(2,4-Dlchlorophfenoxy) acetic acid salts: 












(2, 4-Dichlorophenoxy) acetic acid, dlmethyl- 

amine salt. 
(2, 4-Diohlorophenoxy) acetic acid, sodium salt- 


63, 


143, 409, 532. 








221, 


252. 








»(2,4,5-Trlchlorophenoxy)acetic acid (2,'i,5-T) — 


143, 


221, 252, 260, 


509 


523. 




»(2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxy)acetio acid esters: 












Butoxyethoxypropyl 2,'i,5-trichlorophenoxy- 


221, 


523. 








acetate . 












Butoxyethyl 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetate 


63. 










Butoxypolypropyleneglycol 2,A,5-trlohloro- 


252. 










phenoxyacetate . 














221, 
260, 


252, 260, 509, 
509. 


523 






seo-Butyl 2,4,5-trlchlorophenoxyacetate 






2-Ethylhexyl 2,A,5-trichlorophenoxyacetate 


523. 










»Iso-octyl 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetate 


143, 


221, 252, 260, 


542 






Isopropyl 2,'i,5-trichlorophenoxyacetate 


221, 


260, 523. 








pgji'^Y]^ 2 A 5— trichloronhenoxvacetate —————— 


143, 
523. 


542. 








Polyethyleneglycol 2,4, 5-trlchlorophenoxy_ 








acetate . 












Tetrahydrofurfuryl 2,4,5-trichloraphenoxy- 


532. 










acetate. 












*pjigj]y2jDercurY acetate (PMA) — -— — — —————————____ 


455. 


240, 242, 253, 


307, 


432. 




N-Tolylphthalamic acid 




(2,4, 5- Trichlorophenoxy) propionic acid 


41A. 










^Insecticides: 












Aldrln (Hexaohloro-hexahydro-endo, exo-dimethano- 


481. 










naphthalene) . 












Allethrin {Allyl homolog of Cinerin I) 


157, 


266, 469. 










468. 
336. 










l,l-Bis(p-chlorophenyl)-2-nitrobutane 












336. 














2-(p-tert-Butylphenoxy)-l-methylethyl-2-chloro- 


455. 










ethyl sulfite (Aramite). 












Chlordan ( Octachloro-tetrahydro-methanoindan) 


304. 












515 










Ghl h 1 hi h If t 


252, 
252. 


523. 








2-Cyclohexyl-4,6-dinltrophenol 








1,2-Dihromoethylbenzene (Styrene dibromide) 


252. 










4,4'-Dichlorobenzilic acid 


608. 










1, l-Dichloro-2,2-biB(p-chlorophenyl) ethane 


320, 


566. 








C DDD) . 












Q_ 1— Dlchloro— 2 2-bis(D—ethYlphenyl) ethane — 


566. 












320. 
223. 










0-(2,4-Dichlorophenyl) 0,0-diethylphosphoro- 










thioate. 












Dleldrin (Hexachloro-epoxy-octahydro-endo, 


481. 










exo-dimethanonaphthalene) . 












0,0-Diethyl 0-(2-isopropyl-4-methyl-6- 


608. 










pyrlmldinyl) phosphorothioate . 












0, 0- Dimethyl 0- ( p-nltrophenyl) phosphorothioate 


221. 










(Methyl parathlon) . 












Endrln ( Hexachloro-epoxy-octahydro-endo, 


304, 


481. 








endo-dimethanonaphthalene) . 












0- Ethyl 0- ( p-nltrophenyl) benzenephosphonothioate 


378. 










(EPN). 












Heptachlor (Heptachloro-tetrahydromethano- 


304. 










indene. 












»Hexachlorooyolohexane (Benzene hexachloride) 


189, 


215, 303, 320, 


468, 


473, 523, 550, 561, 


587. 


Lindane 


*68. 











140 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 25B.- -Synthetic organic chemicals: Pesticide 
States production or sales 



reported, identified by manufactt 



al cheti 
. 1956- 



icals for whi 
■Continued 



PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL 
CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

^Insecticides — Continued 

»Parathion (0,0-Diethyl O-(p-nltrophenyL)- 
phosphorothioate) . 

Thanlte (Isobomyl thiooyanatoaoetate) 

Toxaphene (Chlorinated camphene) 

»l,l,l-Triohloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl) ethane 
(DDT). 
l,l,l-TrichIoro-2,2-bls(p-methoxyphenyl) ethane 
( Kfethoxy chlor) . 
»Rodentlcldes: 

2-Plvaloyl-l,3-ind£mdione - - 

Trinltrobenzene-anlllne complex 

Warfarin (3-(Aoetonylbenzyl)-<i-hydroxycoumarln) — 

PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL 
CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 

»Fuialgants : 

»Bromomethane (Methyl bromide) 

Chloropicrin 

l,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane 

1,3-Dichloropropene, 1,2-dichloropropane 
(D-D mixture) . 

N-Methyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

"Fungicides and seed disinfectants: 

3is-l,4-bromoacetoxy-butene-2 

Bis( dimethylthiocarbamoyl) disulfide ( Thiram) . ^ 

Cadmium succinate 

Calcium undecenoate (Calcium hendecenoate) 

Copper undecenoate (Copper hendecenoate) 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, ferric salt 
( Ferbam) . 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, manganese salt 

"Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

"Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt (2iram)>- 

Disodlum cyanodithiolmidocarbonate 

Ethylene bis(dlthiocarbamic acid), manganese 
salt (Manzate) , 
"Ethylene bis(dithiocarbamlc acid), disodium 
salt ( Nabam) . 
Ethylene bis( dithiocarbamic acid) , zinc salt 
( Zineb) . 

3-Ethyl-(mercurithio)-l,2-propanediol 

Ethylmercury acetate 

Ethylmercury chloride 

Ethylmercury phosphate 

2-Methoxyethylmercury acetate 

Sodium undecenoate (Sodium hendecenoate) 

Tetralodoethylene 

Zinc undecenoate (Zinc hendecenoate) 

"Herbicides: 

2-Chloroallyl diethyldithlocarbamate 

N, N-Diallyl-2-chloroaoetamide 

2,2-Dichloropropionic acid, sodium salt 

Diethyl dlthiobis(thlonoformate) 

Methanearsonic acid, disodium salt 

Trichloroacetic acid, sodium salt (TCA) 

"Insecticides: 

Aliphatic thiooyemates 

0,0-Diethyl S-(ethylthio)methylphOBphoro- 

dithioate. 
0,0- Dimethyl 0-(2-methoxycarbonyl)lsopropenyl- 
phosphate. 
"Ethyl pyrophosphate (Tetraethyl pyrophosphate) 

(TEPP). 
Malathion (S-(l,2-Bis(ethoxycarbonyl) ethyl) 
0,0-dimethylphoEphorodithioate) . 

Metaldehyde 

Ootamethylpyrophosphoramlde (GMPA) 

"Rodentlcides: Sodium fluoroacetate 

"Soil conditioners: Vinyl acetate-maleic acid, 
modified. 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



221, 260, 534, 537, 546. 



335. 

212. 



184, 221, 272, 296, 320, 461, 523, 550, 556, 608. 
253. 



581. 
581. 
456, 469. 



252, 272, 546, 597. 
110. 

481. 
481. 

189, 253. 

595. 

564. 
511. 
232, 41A. 

253, 307, 569. 

569. 

201, 324, 449, 569, 585. 

201, 253, 307, 324, 449, 455, 569, 585. 

242. 

253, 566. 



30, 253, 


566, 569. 


253, 566, 


569. 


253. 




240, 253, 


569. 


240, 253. 




253. 




307. 




414. 




511. 




414, 511. 




221. 




221. 




252. 




221, 569. 




45, 595. 




252, 468. 




566. 




537. 




481. 




106, 532, 


546, 561 


537. 




336. 




221. 




221, 569. 




221. 





^ Manufacturers' identification numbers for thiram are given in table 21B. Statistics are shown In table 21A. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



141 



Miscellaneous Synthetic Organic Chemicals 



TABLE 26B.- -Synthetic orga 



chemicals: M iscel laneous chemicals for which United States product ioti 
were reported , ident if ied by manufacturer , 19S6 



[Miscellaneous chemicals for which separate statistics are given in table 26A are marked below with an 
asterisk ( «) ; chemicals not so marked do not appear in table 26A because the reported data are accepted in 
confidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from 
table 27. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification 
number with the designated product] 



Chemical 



Ktanufaoturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MISCELLAMEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 

l-Acetyl-2-thiohydantoin 

5-Amlno-2-benzimidazolethiol 

2-Aminobenzothlazole 

i-Amino-5-(ethoxymethyl)-2-methylpyrimidine 

3-(2-Aminoethj-l)-2-thiohydantoin 

Anisylacetic acid 

Anisyl chloride 

Anisyl cyanide 

Benzoic acid salts : 

Calcium benzoate 

•Sodium benzoate, tech 

♦Sodium benzoate, U.S.P 

All other 

Benzoin oxime 

Benzothiazole 

Benzoyl peroxide 

Benzoylresorcinol 

S-Benzyl-'i-me thy lumbelllfe rone 

Biological stains 

4,-; '-Bis[phenylureido] -2,2 '-stilbenedisulfonlc acid- 
Boron fluoride-phenol complex 

Butoxysafrole 

Butyl benzoate 

2 (and 3)-tert-Butyl-'i-methoxyphenol 

tert-Butyl peroxybenzoate 

4-tert-Butylpyrocatechol 

Butyrolaotone — 

♦Camphene 

Carotene 

Central! te-1 (N,N'-Dlethyl-N, N'-diphenylurea) 

Chemical indicators : 

Dlbromo-o-cresolsulfonphthalein ( Bromocresol 
purple ) . 

Dibromothymolsulfonphthalein (Bromothymol blue) 

Phenolsulfonphthaleln (Phenol red) 

Tetrabromo-m-cresolsulfonphthalein ( Bromocresol 

green) . 
Tetrabromophenolsulfonphthalein (Bromophenol blue) 

Thymolphthalein 

All other 

♦Chemical reagents : 

Aurintricarboxylic acid 

Barium diphenylamine sulfonate 

Diphenyl carbazide 

Diphenyl carbazone 

Diphenylthiocarbazone (Dithiazone) 

a,a-Dipyridyl 

Girard reagents, P and T 

N-(1-Naphthyl)ethylenediamine dihydrochloride 

Nitrosophenylhydroxylamine (Cupferron) 

Phloroglucinol 

Potassium biphthalate 

Quinhy drone 

Sodium biphthalate 

Sodium-2,6-dlohloroben2enoneindophenol 

Sulfosallcyllc acid, reagent 

All other 

5 -Chloro-a , a-bls [3, 5-diohloro-2-hydroxyphenyl] -o- 

toluenesulfonic acid. 
Chlorophyll and chlorophyllins : 
Chlorophyll ; 

Copper fixed 

Not fixed 

Chlorophyllins : 

Sodium-copper 

Sodium-iron 

Sodium-magnesium 

Sodium-potassium-oopper 

All other 

Cholesterol ■ 

Cumene hydroperoxide 

Cyclohexanone peroxide 



266. 
477. 
218. 
560. 
266. 
337. 
337. 
337. 

504. 

504. 

221, 303, 468, 50i. 

31. 

218, 477. 

537. 

120, 208, 492. 

510. 

520. 

67, 506. 

510. 

320. 

337. 

529. 

4A3. 

208. 

252. 

510. 

212, 253, X. 

606. 

492, 585. 

477, 506. 

477, 506. 
364, 477, 506. 
477, 506. 

477, 506. 

364. 

67, 427, 477, 506. 



477. 
477. 



477, 564. 
477, 560. 



477. 
560. 
216, 364, 477, 506, 581. 



606. 
606. 

606. 

606. 

606. 

351, 519. 

606. 

519. 

212. 

208. 



142 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 26B.--Synf/iefic ortani 



chemicals: Kiscel laneous chemicals for which United State 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 7956- -Continued 



production or sales 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC--Contlnued 

Cyolohexene-l,2-dicarboxylic acid (Tetrahydro- 

phthalic acid), dlsubstituted, polyester salts : 

Barium salt 

Barium cadmium salt 

Cadmium salt 

•Cyclopropane 

Decahydronaphthalene (Deoalin) 

Dlazodinitrophenol 

2,5-Di-n-butoxyanlllne (Aminohydroqulnone, dibutyl 
ether). 

p-Dlbutoxybenzene (Hydroquinone, dibutyl ether) 

»2,6-Di-tert-butyl-p-cresol: 

•Food grade 

»Tech T--- 

2,5-Dl-tert-butylhydroquinone 

S.'i-Dichlorobenzoyl peroxide 

l,3-niohloro-5,5-dimethyLhydaiitoin 

p-(Dlchlorosulfain^l)benzoic acid (Halazone) 

Dicyclohexylammonlum nitrite 

2, 5-Diethoxy aniline 

p-Diethoxybenzene 

7-DiethylaiQino-<»-methylcoumarin 

6,6 -Dihydroxy-<i,4'-diinethoxybenzciphenone and 3,3'- 
dlsulfonio acid. 

3,5-Diiodosalicylic acid 

Diisopropylbenzene hydroperoxide 

2, 5-Dimethoxy aniline 

p-Dimethoxybenzene (Dimethyl ether of hydroquinone) 
'i,'i'-Dinitrocarbanllide-'i,6-diinethyl-2-pyrlmldlnol- 

Dloxane (1,4-Diethylene oxide) 

N,N-Dlphenylbenzidine 

6-Ethoxy-m-anol (Propenylmethylguaethol) 

Ethylene carbonate 

Ethylene glycol monophenyl ether 

Ethylene g]jcol terpinyl ether 

Ethylene thiourea 

2-Ethylhexyl octylphenyl phosphite 

Ethyl hydrocaffeate 

Ethyl 2-phenylbutyrate 

Fenchone 

•Flotation reagents : 

Dicresyldithlophosphoric acid 

Dicresyldlthiophosphoric acid, ammonium salt 

Dicresyldithlophosphoric acid, sodium salt 

Dl-o-tolylthlourea 

Rosin amine 

•Thiooarbanilide (Diphenylthiourea) 

Furan derivatives; 

Furfural (2-Furaldehyde) 

Furoic acid 

Tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol 

Gallic acid, tech 

Gallic acid, sodium salt 

Gasoline antioxidants and inhibitors : 

p-Butylami nophenol 

2,6-Di-tert-butylphenol - 

N,N'-Di-sec-butyl-p-phenylenediamine 

N, N'-Disalicylidene-l,2-propanediamine 

All other 

Glyceryl p-aminobenzoate 

Glycidyl phenj'l ether 

•Hexamethylenetetramine, tech 

Hydrocinnamlc acid 

5-(p-Hydroxyethyl)-4-methylthiazole 

2-Hydroxy-'i-methoxybenzophenone 

Isopropylcresols 

•Lubricating oil additives: 

Alicyclic compounds, sulfurized 

ALkyl phenyl thlophosphates and salts 

2,2'-Dlhydroxy-5,5'-di-tert-octylphenol mono- 
sulfide, barium salt. 

Dodecylamidophthalic acid, calcium salt 

Heterocyclic compounds, sulfurized 

Octyl formol 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, ammonium salt 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, barium salt 

•Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, calcium salt 

•Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt 

All other 



hfanufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



451. 




451. 




232, 451. 




156, 257, 374, 564. 




253. 




212. 




443. 




443. 




367, 443, 481. 




367, 443, 481. 




443. 




120. 




179. 




456. 




550. 




443. 




443. 




248, 492, 520. 




510. 




581. 




212. 




4A3. 




365, 443. 




X. 




529. 




477. 




365. 




405. 




252, 529. 




212. 




585. 




223. 




365. 




564. 




369. 




537. 




537. 




450, 537. 




253, 537. 




212. 




221, 506, 537. 




495. 




495. 




468, 495. 




440, 564. 




564. 




253. 




480. 




253, 443. 




253, 443. 




443. 




391. 




481. 




142, 253, 421, 478, 504, 550, 560. 




365. 




560. 




510. 




327, 337. 




373, 508. 




222. 




537. 




338. 




222. 




481. 




373. 




278, 373, 538, 576. 




222, 331, 373, 576. 




42, 85, 188, 278, 311, 331, 408, 419, 463, 508, 527 


552, 566. 




221, 468, 537. 





SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



143 



TABLE 26B.--Syntheti 



r^anic chemicals: M iscel laneo^^ ^.•^•••^^^^^ .«. ™..*w.. -..-.- 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1956--Conti 



chemicals for which United States product i 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MSCELLAMEOUS CHHCCALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

p-Menthane 

p-Menthyl hydroperoxide 

p-ltethoxyphenol 

ci-Methylbenzylphenol 

Msthylcyclohexanol 

Methyl gallate 

2,2 '-Hfethylenebis ["i-ohlorophenol] ( Diohlorophene ) — 
2,2 '-Methylenebis [3,'i,6-trichlorophenol] (Hexa- 
chlorophene ) . 

2,2'-Methylenedi-p-oresol 

Kfethylglucoside 

l-Methylol-5,5-diinethylhydantoin 

l-Msthyl-2-pyrrolidone 

Methyl terpinyl ether 

4-Methyluiiibelliferone 

Morpholine 

MDrpholine oleate 

Morpholine toluenesulfonate <-- 

»Naphthenlc acid salts : 

Aluminum naphthenate 

Barium naphthenate 

Cadmium naphthenate 

■»Calcium naphthenate 

Cobalt lead manganese naphthenate 

»Cobalt naphthenate 

»Iron naphthenate 

»Lead naphthenate 

Lithium naphthenate 

*Manganese naphthenate 

Ifercury naphthenate 

Nickel naphthenate 

Rare earth naphthenates 

Sodium naphthenate 

Strontium naphthenate 

«Zlnc naphthenate 

All other 

Octylphenyl acid phosphate 

Organic mercury compounds : 

Phenyl mercuric borate 

Phenyl mercuric salicylate 

Pyridyl mercuric acetate 

All other 

Phenolthlosulfonic acid 

Phenoxypolyethoxyethanol 

Phenylmagnesium bromide 

♦Photographic chemicals : 

5-Amlno-l,3,A-triazole 

»Benzotriazole 

Catechol (Pyrocatechin) 

Chlorobenzotriazole 

2,<t-Diaminophenol hydrochloride 

p-Diazo-N-benzyl-N-ethylaniline, zinc chloride 

salt. 
p-Diazoohloro-N,N-diethylaniline, zinc chloride 
salt. 

«p-Diazo-N,N-diethylaniline, zinc chloride salt 

p-Diazo-N,N-diethyl-m-phenetidine, zinc chloride 

salt. 
p-Diazo-N,N-dimethylaniline, zinc chloride salt--- 

Diazodiphenylamine sulfate 

p-Diazo-N-ethyl-N-hydroxyethylaniline, zinc 

chloride salt. 
p-Diazo-N-hydroxyethyl-N-methylaniline, zinc 

chloride salt. 
p-Diazo-N-methyl-o-toluidine, zinc chloride salt-- 

N,N-Diethyl-p-phenylenediamine hydrochloride 

N,N-Diethyltoluene-2,5-diamine, monohydrochloride- 
2,5-Dihydroxybenzenesulfonic acid (Hydroquinone- 

sulfonic acid), sodium salt. 
N-Ethyl-N-hydroxyethyl-p-phenylenediamlne sulfate- 
N-Ethyl-N-(p-methanesulfonamidoethyl)toluene-2,5- 
diamine sulfate. 

Hydroquinone ( Hy droquinol ) 

N-Citydroxyphenyl) glycine 

3-Hydroxyphenylurea 

A-Methoxy-l-naphthol 

p-Methylaminophenol sulfate (Metol) 

5-Mb thy Ibenzotriazole 



2L2, 369. 

212, 369. 

39, 365, 4^3. 

252. 

468. 

440. 

337. 

337. 

337. 

476. 

253. 

510. 

212. 

248, 520. 

373, 405, 529. 

47, 549. 

73. 

229, 234, 552. 

X. 

232, 499. 

117, 229,- 232, 234, 312, 340, 493, 499, 552, 570. 

229, 234, 552. 

106, 117, 229, 232, 234, 250, 312, 340, 493, 499, 

552, 570. 

229, 232, 234, 340, 493, 499, 552. 

106, 117, 229, 232, 234, 248, 312, 340, 493, 499, 

552, 570, X. 
499. 

106, 117, 229, 232, 234, 312, 340, 493, 499, 552, 

570. 

229, 240. 
499. 
499. 

338, 493. 
499. 

117, 229, 232, 234, 312, 340, 493, 499, 552, 570. 
552. 
223. 



307. 






240, 


307. 




564. 






240, 


307, 


564. 


510. 






510. 






216. 






218. 






218, 


477, 


510, 581. 


367. 






218. 






213. 






218, 


581. 




218. 






218, 


394, 


506, 510, 581 


218, 


X. 




218, 


394, 


581. 


218. 






218, 


394, 


581. 


218, 


X. 




218, 


X. 




443. 






443. 






477. 






394. 






443. 






443, 


445. 




394. 






218. 






443. 






213, 


440 


477. 


477. 







144 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE XB. -Synthetic organic chemicals: K iscel laneous 
were reported , ident if ied by 



meals 
jfactu 



which United States producti 
I956--Continued 



Manufacturers' identification nujnbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC- - Continued 

•Photographic chemicals--Continued 

2-Kfethylthiazoline 

6-Nitrobenz imidazole 

Phenethylresorcinol 

4-Phenylpyrocatechol 

Phthalic acid, lead salt, dibasic 

Phytol 

Pinene 

Piperonjl butoxide 

Plperonylcyclonene 

Polyethylene terephthalate 

P-Propiolactone 

Propylene carbonate 

«n- Propyl gallate 

Pyrogallol (.Pyrogallic acid) 

8-Quinolinol, zinc salt 

p-Quinone 

•Research chemicals : 

Arallsyl chlorides 

Aralkyl esters 

Araliyl sulfides 

DDT, carbon 14 

Organic borates 

Pyridine derivatives 

All other 

•Rosin acid salts : 

Aluminum resinate 

Calcium lead resinate 

Calcium resinate 

Cobalt resinate 

Copper resinate 

Iron resinate 

•Lead resinate 

Manganese resinate 

Zinc resinate 

All other 

Salicylanilide 

Salicylic acid, lead salt 

Silicones 

Sulfosalicylic acid 

Tall oil fatty acid chloride 

•Tall oil salts (Linoleic-rosin acid salts): 

Barium zinc tallate 

Calcium tallate 

•Cobalt tallate 

Copper tallate 

Iron tallate 

•Lead tallate 

Lead manganese tallate 

•Manganese tallate 

Zinc glyceryl tallate 

Zinc tallate 

•Tanning materials, synthetic: 

Bisphenol- formaldehyde, bisulfite type 

Cresol- formaldehyde sulfonate, sodium salt 

1-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, formaldehyde con- 
densate and salt. 
•2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, formaldehyde con- 
densate and salt. 
2-Naphtholsulfonlc acid, formaldehyde condensate, 
sodium salt. 

Phenol- formaldehyde, sulfonate 

Styrene-maleic anhydride interpolymer, partial 

sodium salt. 
Sulfonyldiphenolsulfonic acid, formaldehyde con- 
densate. 

Terpene hydrocarbons 

1,2,3,'i-Tetrahydronaphthalene (Tetralin) 

Tstrahydrothiophene 

Tetraphenyl tin 

•Textile chemicals, other than surface-active agents 

N-Benzyl (and N,N-dibenzyl)-p-sulfanilic acid 

Diphenyl-l,2-propanediamine 

l-Phenyl-3-pyrazolidone 

Protalbinic acid 

Saccharide bisulfite 

Stearamidemethylpyridinium chloride 

Sulfurated phenol 

All other 

2,2'-Thiobis[4,6-dichlorophenol] 

Toluquinone 



218. 

218, -477. 

367. 

4k3. 

3b. 

606. 

212, X. 

157. 

157. 

253. 

515. 

<;05. 

3(A, AAO, V-,3, 504. 

4^0, 564. 

193. 

440, 443. 

254. 
254. 
254. 
566. 
568. 
512. 
31, 161, 175, 216, 410, 412, 450, 477, 512, 581. 

8, 564. 

111. 

8, 196, 232. 

117, 232, 493. 



8, 232, 234, 340. 

8, 232, 340. 

8, 232, 234, X. 

8. 

253. 

389. 

244, 591. 

560. 

510. 



234. 
229, 
106, 
117, 
117, 
106, 
232, 
106, 
499. 
234. 



499. 

117, 229, 232, 234, 312, 340, 493, 499, 570. 

234. 

232, 234, 493. 

117, 229, 232, 234, 312, 340, 493, 499, 570. 

234, 312, 340. 

117, 229, 234, 312, 340, 493, 499, 570. 



424. 

510, 608. 
424. 

290, 424, 506, 566, 589. 

424. 

424, 566. 
253. 

510. 

253. 
253. 
222. 
468. 

510. 

X. 

608. 

288. 

X. 

253. 

510. 

510, X. 

221. 

443. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



145 



TABLE 26B. -Synthetic organic chemicata: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United States product i 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, J956--Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC--Continued 

0-Tolylbiguanide 

Tri-tert-amylphenyl phosphite 

3,i,^'-Trichlorocarbanilide 

N-Triohloromelamine 

Trioxane 

Triphenyl phosphite 

Xanthophyll 

o-Xenylbiguanide 

l-Vinyl-2-pyrrolldone, monomer 

1- Vinyl-S -py rrolidone , polymer 

MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 

•Acetaldehyde 

Aoetals 

Acetamide 

•Acetic acid, synthetic, 100^ 

»Acetlc acid salts: 

•Aluminum acetate 

Aluminum subacetate 

•Ammonium acetate 

Barium acetate 

Cadmium acetate 

Calcium acetate 

Chromium acetate 

Cobalt acetate 

Copper acetate 

Lead acetate 

•Lead subacetate 

•Magnesium acetate 

Manganese acetate 

Mercuric acetate 

Nickel acetate 

•Potassiiim acetate 

Silver acetate 

Sodium acetate 

•Zinc acetate 

All other 

•Acetic anhydride, 100^: 

From acetaldehyde 

From ethylene 

From recovered acetic acid by the vapor-phase 

process. 
From acetic acid (other than recovered) by the 
vapor-phase process. 
Acetin: 

Mono 

Di 

Tri 

•Acetone : 

•By fermentation 

From cumene 

•From isopropyl alcohol 

All other 

Acetone semicarbazone 

Acetonitrile 

Acetonylacetone (2,5-Hexaiiedione) 

Acetyl bromide 

Acetyl chloride 

Acetylenedicarboxylic acid, monopotassium salt — 

tert-Acetylenic glycols 

Acrolein (Acrylaldehyde) 

Acrylamide 

Acrylates, above ethyl 

Acrylic acid 

Acrylic acid, calcium salt 

•Acrylonitrile 

•Adipic acid 

Adiponitrile 

Aldol (Acetaldol) 

Alkyl cocoamine phosphates 

Alkylene oxides 

Allsyl sodium phosphates 

Allsyl sulfides 

AUcyl tetrasilicates 

Allyl alcohol 

Allyl glyceryl ether 

Allyl glycidyl ether 

AIJ^l isothiocyanate, nonperfume grade 

Aluminum isopropoxlde (Aluminum isopropylate ) 



221. 
221. 
221. 
511. 

221. 
606. 
221. 
510. 
510. 



212, 
227. 
320. 
212, 

320, 
560, 
320, 
335, 
320, 
320, 

«<;, 

117, 
320, 
232, 
320, 
320, 
234. 
320, 
234, 
335, 
564. 



253, 336, 342, 411, 443, 444, 475, 529, 620. 



336, 342, 443, 475, 529, 620. 

424, 529, 537, 560. 

564. 

335, 564. 

564. 

335, 564. 

335, 560. 

537, 564. 

234, 335, 340. 

335, 340, 529. 

320, 335, 485. 

335, 560, 564. 

335, 340. 

564. 

340, 564. 

529, 560, 564. 

320, 335, 529, 560. 

, 320, 335, 529, 560, 564. 



212. 






529. 






212, 


443, 


475. 


212, 


443, 


475. 


359. 






359, 


536. 




359, 


443. 




145, 


336, 


342. 


212, 


552, 


558. 


284, 


443, 


481, 529 


227, 


475. 




297. 






512, 


529. 




529. 






477. 






353, 


365. 




506. 






108. 






481, 


529. 




537. 






566. 






515, 


566. 




566. 






221, 


515, 


529, 537 


250, 


253, 


506. 


250, 


253. 




529. 






338. 






252. 






338. 






222. 






529. 






481. 






481. 






481. 






365, 


581. 




95, 


218, 


321. 



146 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 26B. -Synthetic organic chemical-^: Xiscr I laneon^ chemicals for which United Statei production 
were reported, identified hy manufacturer , 1956--Continued 



Ifenufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

♦Amines ; 

Ally land ne 

Anulamine 

»n-Butylamine 

tert-Butylamine 

Coconut oil amine 

Diallylamine 

Diamylamine 

Di-n-butylamine 

Diethi'lamine 

Diethylamine hydrochloride 

2,2'-Diethyldihexylamine 

Diethylenetriamine 

N,N-Diethyl-l,3-propanediai!iine 

Diisobutylamine 

Diisopropylamine 

♦Dimethylamine 

Dime thy lamlne hydrochloride 

Dime thy lamine sulfate 

Dimethyloctadecylamine (Stearyldimethylamine) — 

N,N-Dimethyl-l,3-propanediamine 

Di-n-propylamine 

Dodecylamine 

Ethylamine, mono 

•Ethylene diamine 

Hexadecy lamlne 

Hexamethylenediamine 

3,3'-Imlnoblspropylamine 

Isobutylamine 

Isopropylamine 

2-Methylally lamlne (3-Amlnc-2-methylpropene) 

*Me thy lamlne, mono 

Methylamlne, mono, hydrochloride 

Ootadecylamine 

«Octy lamlne 

Polyethyleneamines 

Propylamine , mono 

Propylenediami ne 

Soybean oil amine 

Tallo^pf amine 

Tallow amine, hydrogenated 

Triamy lamlne 

Tributy lamlne 

Trlethy lamlne 

Triethylenetetramine 

Trimethylamlne 

Trlme thy lamlne hydrochloride 

Trimethylamlne sulfite 

Tripropy lamlne 

All other 

Amine acid reaction products 

2-Amlno-l-butanol 

Aminoethylethanolamlne (2-(2-Aminoethylamlno)ethanol) 

2-Amino-2-ethyl-l,3-propanedlol 

Aminoguanidine bicarbonate 

Ami noguanl dine sulfate 

2-Amino-2-(hydroxymethyl)-l,3-propanediol (Trls- 
(hydroxyinethyl)aminome thane) . 

2-Amino-2-methyl-l,3-propanediol 

2-Amino-2-methyl-l-propanol 

3-Amino-l-propanol 

An^l acetates, 90^, primary: 

Normal 

Isoamyl 

Mixed isomers 

Amyl acid phosphates 

Ancl alcohols, 100;^: 
Unmixed : 
Primary : 

Normal (n-Butylcarbinol) 

Isoamyl (3-Msthylbutanol-l) 

Secondsiry : 

Pentanol-2 (Methylpropylcarbinol) 

Tertiary : 

Amyl (2-hfethylbutanol-2) 

Mixed: 

Fusel oil, crude 

Fusel oil, refined 

Other than fusel oil: 

Primary, mixed 

Secondary, mixed 



481, 581. 




585. 




<W.3, 529, 


585. 


221, 566. 




309, 328. 




481, 581. 




585. 




529, 585. 




529, 585. 




86, 414. 




529. 




252, 529. 




537. 




585. 




585. 




253, 336, 


566. 


86. 




566. 




309, 566. 




529, 537. 




585. 




309. 




529, 585. 




252, 405, 


529, 550. 


309. 




250, X. 




537. 




585. 




529, 585. 




581. 




253, 336, 


566. 


86. 




309. 




309, 529, 


566. 


529. 




585. 




529. 




309. 




309, 328. 




309, 328. 




585. 




585. 




529, 585. 




252, 529. 




253, 336, 


566. 


253. 




320. 




585. 




405, 566. 




481. 




336. 




529. 




336. 




262. 




510. 




336. 




336. 




336. 




537. 




336, 342, 


564. 


91, 409. 




529, 585. 




378. 




585. 




145, 157 


335. 


585. 




585. 




336. 




145, 157 


336, 342 


444, 529 


585. 


585. 





SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



147 



TABLE 26B. --Syntheti 



ic chemicals: tfisceltaneous chemicals for which Uniteri States production or sales 
ere reported, identified by manufacturer , J956-- Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Amyl alcohols, lOO^t- -Continued 
Mixed — Continued 

Other than fusel oil — Continued 

Primary-secondary, mixed 

Primary-secondary-tertiary, mixed 

All other 

An^rl aldehydes 

Amyl ether 

Amyl ethyl ketone 

Amyl mercaptan (1-Pentahethlol) 

Asnyl nitrate 

Azelaic acid 

a,a'-Azodiisobutyronltrile 

Barium salt of polyphosphorio acid 

Behenic acid 

»Bls(2-chloroethyl) ether (Dichloroethyl ether), 
all grades. 

Bis(P-chloroethyl) vinyl phosphonate-^ 

Bis(ohloroisopropyl) ether (Dichloroisopropyl ether)- 

Bis(2,6-dimethyl-<i-heptyl) maleate 

Bis(2-ethylhexyl) hydrogen phosphite 

2,2-Bis[ethylthiopropane] (Ethyl mercaptol) 

Bis(lauryltriinethylainmonlum) polythionate 

Biuret 

Boron fluoride ethyl ether complex 

Bromal 

N-Bromoacetamide 

a-Bromolaurlc acid 

N-Bromosuccinimide (Sucelnibromimide) 

1, 4.- Butane dlol 

1,2,'4-Butanetriol 

3-Buten-2-one (Methyl vinyl ketone) 

l-Buten-3-yne 

l-Butoxyethoxy-2-propanol 

"Butyl acetates, 90%: 
Primary: 

♦Normal 

ISO 

Secondary 

Mixtures 

Butyl acid phosphates 

N-tert-Butylaorylamlde 

»Butyl alcohols, 100!^: 
Primary: 

♦Normal (n-Propylcarbinol) 

Iso (Isopropylcarblnol) 

Secondary (Methylethylcarblnol) 

Tertiary (Trimethylcarblnol) 

Mixtures 

Butylamlnoethanol 

Butylene glycol (1,2- and 1,3- mixture) 

Butyl ether (Di-n-butyl ether) 

Butyl glycidyl ether 

tert-Butyl hydroperoxide 

n-Butyl isocyanate 

Butyl lactate 

Butyl maleate 

tert-Butyl peroxide (Di-tert-butyl peroxide) 

tert-Butyl peroxyaoetate 

tert-Butyl peroxyisobutyrate 

Butyl vinyl ether, crude 

2-Butyne-l,^-diol, crude 

Butyraldehyde 

Butyraldehyde oxlme 

Butyric acid 

Butyric acid, sodium salt 

Butyric anliydride 

Butyryl chloride 

Calcium d-saccharate 

Capric acid (n-Decylic acid) 

Caprolc acid 

Caprolactam (2-Qxohexamethylenimlne) 

Capryl chloride (Decanoyl chloride) 

Caprylic acid (Octanoic acid) 

Caprylic acid salts: 

Aluminum caprylate -^ 

Sodium caprylate 

Triethanolamine trioaprylate 

Zinc caprylate 

»Carbon disulfide 



585. 










585. 










475, 585. 










402. 










585. 










481. 










585. 










4-80. 










488. 










486. 










499. 










334. 










252, 405, 529, 


550, 


565. 






221. 










252, 529, 565. 










510. 










223. 










221. 










335. 










485. 










234, 320. 










343. 










216. 










253. 










216. 










510. 










510. 










306. 










253. 










529. 










145, 336, 342, 


443, 


475, 


529. 




409, 443. 










342, X. 










475. 










378. 










537. 










145, 227, 253, 


336, 


342, 


443, 475, 


529, 620 


444, 475, 529, 


620, 


X. 






481, X. 










481. 










444, 475. 










585. 










475. 










529. 










481. 










208. 










267. 










336. 










102. 










208, 481. 










208. 










208. 










510. 










510. 










444, 529. 










506. 










443, 475, 529. 










330. 










31, 443, 529. 










402, 468. 










306. 










100, 507. 










353, 402, 529. 










253, 506. 










468. 










100, 507. 










527. 










86. 










510. 










86, 335. 










168, 178, 189 


275 


287, 


561. 





148 

TABLE 26B. -Synthetic 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

ic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United States producti 
ere reported, ident if ied by manufacturer , 1956- -Continued 



KaSCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 



•Cellulose esters : 

•Cellulose acetate 

Cellulose acetate butyrate 

Cellulose acetate propionate 

Cellulose nitrate 

Cellulose propionate 

•Cellulose ethers : 

Ethyl cellulose 

Ethyl hydroxyethylcellulose 

Methyl cellulose 

•Sodium carboxymethylcellulose, 100% 

Sodium carboxymethylhydroxyethylcellulose 

•Chloral (Trichloroaoetaldehyde) 

Chloroaoetaldehyde dimethyl acetal 

•Chloroacetic acid, mono 

Chloroacetic acid, mono, derivatives : 

Butyl monochloroacetate 

Ethyl monochloroacetate 

Methyl monochloroacetate 

Sodium monochloroacetate 

Chloroacetone (l-Chloro-2-propanone) 

Chloroaoetyl chloride 

•2-Chloro-N,N-dimethylethylamlne (Dime thy laminoethyl 
chloride) hydrochloride. 

2-Chloro-N,N-dimethylpropylamine hydrochloride 

3-Chloro-N,N-dimethylpropylamine hydrochloride 

Chlorodimethylsilanes 

2-Chloroethyl acetate 

2-Chloroethyl methyl ether (2-Chloroethoxymethaiie)— - 

Chloromaleic anhj-dride 

Chloromethyl methj'l ether 

p-Chloropropionlc acid 

Chloropropionitrile 

f:-Chloropropionyl chloride 

Chloropropyl thiophosphate 

N-Chlorosuccinimide (Succinichlorlmide) 

2-Chlorotriethylamine (Diethy laminoethyl chloride) 
hydrochloride . 

Chlorotrimethylsilane 

5-Chlorovaleronltrile 

P-Chlorovinyl ethyl ketone 

Choline 

Citric acid, by fermentation, refined 

•Citric acid salts : 

Ammonium citrate 

Ammonium citrate, dibasic 

Barium citrate 

Calcium citrate 

Ferric ammonium citrate 

Ferric citrate 

Manganese citrate 

•Potassium citrate 

Sodium citrate 

All other 

Coconut oil amide 

Crotonaldehyde 

Crotonlc acid (2-Butonic acid) 

a-Cyanoacetamide 

Cyanoacetic acid 

Cyanuric acid 

Dlacetone alcohol (^-Hydroxy-4-methyl-2-pentanone)-- 

Diallylcyanamide 

2-Dlbutylaminoethanol 

Dlbutyl fumarate 

Dibutyl maleate 

l,3-Dibutyl-2-thlourea 

Dibutyl tin methoxide 

Dlchloroacetaldehyde 

Dichloroacetic acid 

Dichloroacetic acid, methyl ester 

Dichloroacetyl chloride 

Dichlorodiethylsilane (Diethyl silicon dichloride)-- 

Dichlorodimethylsilane 

Dichloroethyl formal (Bis(2-chloroethoxy)methane) — 

Dichloromethylvinylsilane 

l,3-Dichloro-2-propanol (Glycerol dichlorohydrin) 

Dl(l,2-epoxypropane) amine 

Diethoxymethylsilane 

Diethyl adipate 

Diethy laminoethanethlol hydrochloride 

2-Diethylaminoethanol 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



81, 212, 253, ^3, 475. 

443. 

443. 

212, 253. 

475. 

212, 252. 

212. 

252, 253. 

128, 212, 565. 

212. 

296, 523, 561. 

510. 

128, 212, 221, 252, 266, 468. 

221. 

221, 252, 365. 

252, 330. 

252. 

477. 

252. 

206, 272, 414, 456, 490. 



272, 


490. 


272. 




591. 




365. 




314. 




506. 




468, 


566. 


422. 




537. 




477. 




480. 




216, 


506. 


272, 


414, 459, 490 


244. 




253. 




456. 




566. 




306, 


368. 


306, 


564. 


560. 




485. 




306. 




306, 


564. 


306, 


564. 


564. 




306, 


560, 564. 


306, 


560, 564. 


31, 


560, X. 


309. 




443, 


529. 


529. 




330. 




252, 


330. 


477. 




481, 


529. 


537. 




585. 




221. 




221, 


529, 558. 


585. 




X. 




561. 




330. 




330. 




330. 




244 




244. 




529 




24^ 




477 




253 




244 




102 




356 




529 


585. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



149 



» 



TABLE 2(!H. --Synthetic organic cheniicaJs: 
were reported, 



Miscel laneous chemicals 
identified by manufactv 



for which United States produ 
-er. W56--Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEIGCAI^, ACYCLIC- -Continued 

Diethylami noethoxyethanol 

2-Dlethylamlnoethyl methacrylate 

Diethylanilnopropionitrile 

Diethyl sec-butylethylinalonate 

Dlethyloarban^rl chloride 

Diethyl carbonate 

Diethyl diethylmalonate (Diethyl malonlc ester) 

»Dlethylene glycol 

Diethylene glycol chloroformate 

Diethylene glycol di-n-butyl ether 

Diethylene glycol diethyl ether (Bis(2-eth03cyethyl) 

ether). 

Diethylene glycol dimethyl ether 

Diethylene glycol monobutyl ether (2-(2-Butoxy- 

ethoxy ) ethanol ) . 

Diethylene glycol monobutyl ether acetate 

Diethylene glycol morioethyl ether (Carbitol) (2-(2- 

Ethoxyethoxy)ethanol) . 

Diethylene glycol monoethyl ether acetate 

Diethylene glycol monomethyl ether (2-(2-Methoxy- 

ethoxy( ethanol) . 

Diethyl (ethoxymethylene)malonate 

Diethyl ethylisoanylmalonate 

Diethyl ethyl nwlonate (Ethyl malonlc ester) 

Di-2-ethyIhexyl maleate (Diootyl maleate) 

Diethylhydroxylamine oxalate 

Diethyl maleate 

•Diethyl malonate (Malonio ester) 

Diethyl 1-methylbutylmalonate 

Diethyl oxalate (Ethyl oxalate) 

Diethylthlophosphoryl chloride 

l,3-Diethyl-2-thiourea 

Dlglycerol 

Diglyoolic acid 

2,'i-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethylbutyric acid, y-l^'^'tone 

(Pantolactone) . 

Diisobutyl ketone (Isovalerone) 

2-Dlisopropylaminoethanol 

Diisopropyl peroxydicarbonate (Isopropyl percar- 

bonate) . 

l,3-Diisopropyl-2-thiourea 

»2-Dimethylaminoethanol 

Dime thy lamino-2-propanol 

P -Dime thy laml nop ropionitrile 

N-(3-Dimethylamlnopropyl)oleamide 

N,N-Dimethylformamide 

Dlmethylglyoxime 

2,6-Dlmethyl-4-heptanol (Diisobutyloarbinol) 

2,5-Dimethylhexanediol-2,5 

2,5-Dimethyl-2-hexyiiediol-2,5 

1,1-Dimethylhydrazine 

Dimethyl hydrogen phosphite 

3,6-Diinethyl-<i-octynediol-3,6 - 

Dime thy lolurea 

1,3-Dimethylurea 

Dloleyl maleate 

Dipropylene glycol 

Dlpropylene glycol methyl ether 

Dithio-oxamide (Rubeanic acid) 

Dodecenylsuccinic anhydride 

Epichlorohydrin 

Erucic acid 

»Ethanolamines : 

«Monoethanolamlne (2-Aminoethanol) 

»Diethanolamine (2,2'-Aminodiethanol) 

»Triethanolamine (2,2',2"-NitrllotriethanDl) 

Ethanolamlne (mono) salt with formaldehyde 

Ethanolamlne residue 

Ethoxymethylenemalononltrile 

P-Ethoxyproplonltrlle 

»Ethyl acetate, 85^6 

Ethyl acetoacetate 

Ethyl acid phosphates 

Ethyl aery late 

«Ethyl alcohol, synthetic 

Ethylamlnoethanols, mixed 

Ethyl bromoacetate 

2-Ethyl-l-butanol (sec-Hexyl alcohol) 

a-Ethylbutyraldehyde 

a -Ethylbutyric acid (Diethylaoetic acid) 

a-Ethyloaproaldehyde (2-Ethylhexaldehyde) 



253 










537 










456 










459 










157. 










422 


456 








252 


405 


529 


550 


565. 


473. 










529. 










529. 










39. 










252, 


529, 


550 






529. 










252, 


529, 


550. 






529. 










252, 


529, 


550. 






330. 










422, 


456. 








422, 


456. 








529. 










477. 










529, 


537. 








252, 


330, 


422, 


456. 




422, 


456. 








157, 


266, 


336. 






221, 


537. 








585. 










327. 










253. 










529, 


537. 








529. 










585. 










473. 










585. 










529, 


585, 


566. 






585. 










537. 










253. 










253, 


566. 








477. 










529. 










108. 










108. 










561. 










223. 










108. 










253. 










266, 


585. 








221. 










252, 


475, 


529, 


565. 




252. 










564. 










102, 


506. 








252, 


481, 


529. 






334. 










252, 


354, 


405, 


529, 


550. 


252, 


354, 


405, 


529, 


550. 


252, 


354, 


405, 


529, 


550. 


566. 










405. 










330. 










537. 










145, 


274, 


336, 


342, 


443, 529. 


157, 


529. 








378. 










529, 


566. 








186, 


212, 


284, 


44^, 


481, 529, X 


585. 










252. 










443, 


475, 


529. 






529. 










529. 










529, 


444. 









150 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 26B. "Synthetic orga 



chemicals: 
e reported , 



liscellaneous , 
ident i f ied by 



ucals for whi<^h United States product ion 
jfacturer , 1956- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list In table 27) 



KOSCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 



a-E-ftiylcaprolc acid (Z-Ethyl-l-hexoic acid) 

«»-Ethylcaproic {2-Ethyl-l-hexolo) acid salts: 

fll iiTn-J Tmrn a-ethylcaproate 

Barium a-ethylcaproate 

Cadmium a-ethyloaproate 

•Calcium a-ethylcaproate 

■•Cobalt a-ethylcaproate 

Iron a-ethylcaproate 

»Lead a-ethylcaproate 

Lithium a-ethylcaproate 

•Manganese a-ethyloaproate 

Rare earths a-ethylcaproate 

Strontium a-ethylcaproate 

•Zinc a-ethylcaproate 

Zirconium a-ethylcaproate 

a-Ethylcapryl acetate 

Ethyl carbonate 

Ethyl chlorofonnate 

Ethyl cyanoacetate 

Ethylene, from ethyl alcohol 

Ethylene chlorohydrin (2-Chloroethanol) 

Ethylene cyanhydrin (Hydracrylonltrile) 

•Ethylene glycol 

Ethylene glycol diacetate 

Ethylene glycol dl-n-butyl ether 

Ethylene glycol diethyl ether 

Ethylene glycol dlformate 

Ethylene gljcol dimethyl ether (1,2-Dimethoxyethane)- 

Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether (2-Butoxyethanol) 

Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether (Cellosolve) (2- 

Ethoxyethanol) . 
Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether acetate (2-Ethoxy- 

ethyl acetate) . 
Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether (2-lfethoxyethanol)— 
Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate (2-Methoxy-- 
ethyl acetate) . 

•Ethylene oxide 

•Ethyl ether: 

•Tech 

U.S.P- 

Absolute 

•Ethyl formate 

N-Ethylglyclne 

2-Ethyl-l,3-hexanediol 

2-Ethyl-l-hexanol 

Ethyl a-hydroxylsobutyrate 

Ethyl a-hydroxylsovalerate 

2-Ethyl-2-(hydroxymethyl)-l,3-propanedlol 
( Trimethylolpropane ) . 

Ethyl lactate 

2-(Ethylmercapto)ethanol 

2-Ethyl-'i-methyl-l-pentanol 

2-Ethyl-2-nltro-l,3-propanediol 

Ethyl propionate 

Ethyl propyl nitrate 

•Ethyl silicate (Tetraethoxysilane) 

Ethyl sulfate (Diethyl sulfate) 

2-Ethynyl-2-butanol 

•Fats and oils, chemically modified: 

Castor oil, phosphated 

Vegetable oils, bromlnated 

All other 

Fatty acids, chemically modified: 

a-Bromo(lauric-stearic) acids 

Castor oil fatty acids, dehydrated 

Stearic acid, dehydrated 

•Fatty acid esters not included with plasticizers 
or surface-active agents: 

Butyl palmitate 

Ethylene glycol mono-oleate 

Iso-octyl ester of tallow fatty acids 

Isopropyl nyristate 

Isopropyl oleate 

Isopropyl palmitate 

Isopropyl stearate 

Methyl caprate 

Methyl caproate 

Methyl caprylate 

Methyl ester of coconut oil 

kfethyl ester of tallow 

Methyl 12-hydroxystearate 



443, 529. 



499. 










499. 










229, 


232, 


234, 


493, 


499. 


229, 


232, 


234, 


3L2, 


493, 499. 


234. 










229, 


232, 


234, 


389, 


493, 499. 


493. 










229, 


232, 


234, 


499. 




499. 










499. 










229, 


232, 


234, 


499. 




229, 


499. 








529. 










157. 










157. 










252, 


330. 








157, 


257. 








314, 


529. 








529, 


537, 


566. 






252, 


354, 


405, 


529, 


550, 565, X 


529. 










252, 


529. 








39. 










529. 










39, 


216. 








529, 


550. 








252, 


529, 


550. 






529. 










252, 


529, 


550. 






529. 










252, 


354, 


405, 


529, 


550. 


186, 


212, 


284, 


444, 


529. 


157, 


374, 


564. 






157, 


564. 








336, 


353, 


402, 


409, 


529. 


537. 










529. 










443, 


444, 


529. 






566. 










566. 










262, 


475. 








537. 










585. 










444. 










336. 










353, 


402, 


409. 






480. 










95, 


273, 


529. 






529. 










512. 










378. 










402, 


524. 








248, 


402. 








253. 










96. 










566. 










359 


527 








532 










X. 










337 


359 








359 










337 


359 








359 










100 










100 










100 










100 


328 








151 










96, 


488. 









SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



151 



TABLE 26B. -Synthetic 



rganic chemicals: 
were reported. 



leous chemica Is 
ed by manufactv 



for which United St a 
■er, 19.56- -Continued 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC- -Continued 

»Fatty acid esters not included with plasticizers 
or surface-active agents — Continued 

Methyl n^ristate 

Polyethoxyethyl castor oil ether 

Polyethoxyethyl castor oil ether, hydrogenated- 
»Fatty and synthetic higher alcohols : 

Decanediol 

«Decyl alcohol 

3,9-Dlethyl-6-tridecanol — 

Dodecyl alcohol (Lauryl alcohol) 

7-Ethyl-2-inethyl-4-hendecanol 

5-Ethyl-2-nonanol 

»l-Hexadecanol (Cetyl alcohol) 

1-Octadeoanol (Stearyl alcohol) 

cis-9-Octadecen-l-ol (Oleyl alcohol) 

1-Tridecanol 

All other 

»Flotation reagents : 
Dithiophosphates : 

Potassium dihexyl dithiophosphate 

Sodium di-sec-butyl diethyl dithiophosphate — 

Sodium di-sec-butyl dithiophosphate 

Sodium diethyl dithiophospliate 

Sodium dihexyl dithiophosphate 

Sodium diisopropyl dithiophosphate 

Fatty amine salts : 

Butylammonium oleate 

Coconut oil amine acetate 

Cottonseed oil diethylenetriamlne acetate 

Fish oil diethylenetriamlne acetate 

Octadecyl amine acetate 

Tallow amine acetate 

Tallow amine acetate, hydrogenated 

Xanthates : 

Potassium amylxanthate 

Potassium sec -amylxanthate 

Potassium sec-butylxanthate 

Potassium ethylxaiithate 

Potassium hexylxanthate 

Potassium isopropylxanthate 

Sodium n-butylxanthate 

Sodium sec-butylxanthate 

Sodium ethylxanthate 

Sodium isopropylxanthate 

»Foniialdehyde, 37% HCHO by weight 



Formamide 

»Formlc acid, 90^6 

»Foniilc acid salts : 

•Aluminum formate 

»Anmoniiim formate 

Calcium formate 

Chromic formate 

Lead formate 

Nickel formate 

Potassium formate 

Sodium formate : 

Crude 

Refined 

All other 

Fumaric acid 

Fumaryl chloride 

Gluconic acid, tech 

Glutamic acid, nonmedicinal 

Glycerol, synthetic 

Glycerol carbonate 

Glycerol a-chlorohydrin (3-Chloro-l,2-propanediol)- 

Glycidol - 

Glycine (Amlnoacetio acid), tech 

Glycine ethyl ester hydrochloride 

Glycolic acid ( Hydroxyacetic acid) 

Glycolonitrile 

Glyoxal 

Guanidine hydrochloride 

4-Guanyl-l-isonitrosoguanyl-l-tetrazene 

Guanylurea (Amldinourea) phosphate 

Guanylurea sulfate 

»Halogenated hydrocarbons : 

1-Bromobutane (n-Butyl bromide) 

2-Bromobutane (sec-Butyl bromide) 

Bromochlorinated butadiene 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



100. 
547. 
547. 

597. 
102, 
529. 
102, 
529. 
529. 
102, 
1C2, 
253, 
284. 
102, 298, 334, 566 



253, 284, 444, 508, 529. 
253, 298. 



177, 253, 334. 
253, 334. 
334. 



537. 
537. 
537. 
537. 
537. 
537. 

585. 
309. 
537. 
537. 

309, 537. 
309, 328. 
309, 328. 

252, 537. 

252. 

252. 

252. 

252. 

252. 

88, 537. 

252. 

252, 537. 

252, 537. 

142, 221, 227, 253, 262, 330, 336, 354, 373, 411, 

421, 466, 475, 478, 504, 550, 553, 560, 566. 
253. 

253, 378, 504, 564. 

378, 424, 439, 529, 608. 

86, 320, 490. 

262. 

510. 

389. 

234, 340. 



212, 504, 560. 

320, 335, 358, 560. 

31. 

506. 

506. 

306. 

379. 

252, 455, 481, 566. 

405. 

86, 365, 443. 

569. 

266. 

266. 

253. 

537. 

529. 

459, 537, 589. 

56. 

537. 

537. 

6, 252. 

6, 252, 422, 456. 

364. 



152 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 26B. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United State 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1956- -Continued 



Kfenuf aoturers ■ identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

»Halogenated hydrocarbons — Continued 

l-Bromo-2-chloroetliane (Ethylene ohlorobromide) 

Bromochlorome thane 

l-Bromo-3-chloropropane ( Trimethylenechlorobromide 

Bromoethane (Ethyl bromide) 

1-Bromohexadecane (Cetyl bromide) 

l-Bromo-2-methylpropane (Isobutyl bromide) 

l-Bromo-octadecane 

1-Bromopentane (n-Amyl bromide) 

2-Bromopentane (1-Methylbutyl bromide) 

1-Bromopropane (n-Propyl bromide) 

2-Bromopropane (Isopropyl bromide) 

3-Bromopropene (Allyl bromide) 

3-Bromopropyiie 

Bromotriohlorome thane 

Bromotrifluorome thane 

»Carbon tetrachloride 

•Chlorinated paraffins : 

Less than 25% chlorine 

»35-645S chlorine - 

65$ or more chlorine 

1- Chlorobutane (n-Butyl chloride) 

l-Chloro-l,l-difluoroe thane 

Chlorodifluorome thane 

*Chloroethane (Ethyl chloride): 

Tech 

U.S.P - 

»Chlorof orm : 

»Tech 

»U.S.P — - 

»Chloromethajie (Methyl chloride) : 

Crude 

Refined, refrigerant grade 

l-Chloro-3-methylbutane (Isoamyl chloride) 

2-Chloro-2-methylpropane (tert-Butyl chloride) 

3-Chloro-2-methylpropene (Methallyl chloride) 

Chloropentafluoroe thane 

1-Chloropentane (n-Anorl chloride) 

Chloropentanes , mixed isomers 

2-Chloropropane (Isopropyl chloride) 

3-Chloropropene (Allyl chloride) 

Chlorotrifluoroethylene 

Chlorotrifluorome thane 

Dibromodifluorome thane 

1,2-Dibromoethane (Ethylene dibromlde) 

Dlbromomethane (\fethylene bromide) 

l,2-Dlbromo-l,l,2,2-tetrafluoroethane 

1,'i-Dichlorobutane 

Dichlorodifluorome thane 

»l,2-Dichloroethane (Ethylene dlchloride) 

Dlchlorofluorome thane 

»Dichloromethane (Ifcthylene chloride): 

Crude 

Refined, refrigerant grade 

Dichloropentanes, mixed isomers 

1,2-Dichloropropane (Propylene dichloride) 

2,3-Dichloropropene 

Dichlorotetrafluoroe thane 

1,1-Difluoroe thane 

1,1-Difluoroethylene 

Difluorotetrachloroe thane 

Diiodomethane (Methylene iodide) 

Hexaohloroe thane 

lodoethane (Ethyl iodide) 

Iodoform 

lodomethane (Methyl iodide) 

Lauryl chloride 

Pentachloroe thane 

1,1,2,2-Tetrabromoethane (Acetylene tetrabromide) — 
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane (Acetylene tetrachloride) 

*Tetrachloroethylene ( Perchloroethy lene ) 

1,1,1-Triohloroe thane (Methyl chloroform) 

1,1,2-Triohloroethane (Vinyl trichloride) 

»Trichloroe thy lene 

Triehlorofluorome thane 

1,2,3-Trichloropropane 

Trichlorotrifluoroe thane 

Trlfluorovlnyl chloride, polymerized 

»Vinyl chloride ( Chloroe thy lene ) , monomer 

Vinyl fluoride 

Vinylidene chloride, monomer 

All other 



252. 

252, 546. 

252, 272. 

252, 272. 

6, 252. 

6. 

6, 253, 510. 

6, 252, 477. 

6, 422, 456. 

6, 252, 477. 

6, 252. 

6, 252. 

510. 

252. 

252, 253. 

189, 215, 252, 333, 523, 561, 564. 

468, 478, X. 

212, 468, 523. 

523. 

529. 

320. 

253, 320. 

186, 212, 252, 253, 381, 480, 481. 
252, 381. 

215, 252, 253, 333, 523, 597. 

252, 333, 523, 597. 

591. 

39, 252, 253, 333, 523. 

422. 

6, 477. 

266, 581. 

320. 

6, 585. 

585. 

252. 

481. 

253, 320. 
253, 320. 
252, 253. 

252, 363, 546, 561. 
252. 

253. 
253. 

253, 320. 

221, 252, 405, 480, 523, 529, 550, 565. 
320. 

215, 252, 597. 
252, 253, 333, 523. 
585. 

252, 529, 565. 
569. 

253, 320. 
320. 
320. 
253. 

19. 

364. 

6, 477, 564. 

19. 

6, 564, 581. 

6, 253, 492, 494, 510. 

253. 

252. 

253, 473. 

189, 252, 253, 473, 523, 593. 

252. 

529. 

252, 253, 468, 473, 593. 

253, 320. 
481. 

253, 320. 
468. 

221, 252, 333, 449, 455, 515, 523, 529. 

253. 

252. 

6, 102. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



153 



TABLE 26B. -•Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United States product i 
were reported , identified by manufacturer , J956--Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MISCBXLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

3-Heptanol 

2-Heptanone (Methyl anyl ketone) 

3-Heptanone (Ethyl butyl ketone) 

n-Hexadecane 

1-Hexadecene 

Hexadecenylsuccinic anhydride 

Hexamethylenediammonium adipate 

2,5-Hexanedione-carbon disulfide 

Hexyl acetate mixture 

Hexyl alcohol 

Hexyl alcohol mixture 

n-Hexyl ether 

Hydrazine and salts 

Hydrogenated tallow amide 

N-2 - Hydroxye thy lace tnmi de 

a-I^droxyisobutyric acid esters, mixed 

o-Hydroxyisobutyronitrile (Acetone cyanhydrln)-- 

l-Hydroxy-3-methyl-2-butanone 

2-(Hydroxymethyl)-2-methyl-l,3-propaiiediol 

( Trimethylolethane ) . 
2-(i5^droxymethyl)-2-nitro-l,3-propanediol (Tris- 
(hydroxyme thyl)nitrome thane) . 

3-Hydroxy-3-methylpenten-l-yiie-'i 

N-Hydroxymethylstearamide (N-Methylolstearamlde) 

P,P'-Imlnodipropionltrile 

Inositol hexanitrate 

Isethionic acid (2-Hydroxyethanesulfonio acid)-- 

Isoascorbic acid 

Isobutyraldehyde 

Isobutyric acid 

Isobutyric anhydride 

*Iso-octyl alcohol (6-kfethyl-l-heptanol) 

Iso-octyl thioglycolate 

Isopropanolamines : 

Ifonoisopropanolamine 

Diisopropanolajnine 

Triisopropanolamine 

Mixed ■' 

Isopropoxypropylamlne 

Isopropyl acetate 

»Isopropyl alcohol (Isopropanol) : 

910^ 

100^ 

Isopropylamlnoethanol 

Isopropyl chloroformate 

Isopropyl ether 

Itaconic acid, esters, and salts 

»Lactic acid, 100^: 

»Edible 

<ijfedicinal 

♦Technical 

Lactic acid salts: 

Aluminum lactate 

Calcium lactate 

Sodium lactate 

Strontium lactate 

All other 

Lac tide 

Lactonitrile 

Laurie acid, barium cadmium salt 

»Lauroyl chloride 

Lauroyloxyacetic acid 

Lauroyl peroxide 

Lauryl acid phosphates 

Lead soaps of oxidized hydrocarbons 

Levulinlc acid 

♦Llnoleic acid salts : 

Ammonium llnoleate 

»Calclum llnoleate 

♦Cobalt llnoleate 

Copper llnoleate 

Iron llnoleate 

♦Lead llnoleate 

Lead manganese llnoleate 

Manganese llnoleate 

Potassium llnoleate 

Zinc llnoleate 

♦Lubricating oil additives : 

Barium dl(lauryl-oapryl) dithiophosphate 

Chloronaphtha xanthate 

High molecular weight hydrocarbons and their 
phosphorus derivatives. 



529. 
529. 
529. 
102. 
102. 
102. 
253. 
335. 
475. 
529. 
475. 
529. 
218, 
309. 
494, 
566. 
566, 
422. 
262. 



306. 
253. 
537. 
547. 
510. 
375. 
444. 
443. 
4A3. 
284, 
356. 

252, 
252, 
252, 
529. 
537. 
529, 

529. 
227, 
585. 
157, 
284, 
306. 

253, 
253. 
253, 

86. 

300, 

86, 

564. 

31, 

289. 

537. 

248. 

120, 

373. 

120, 

378. 

118. 

495. 

117, 
117, 
117, 
229. 
234. 
117, 
232, 
117, 
232. 
232. 

373, 
221. 
508. 



550, 560. 
529. 



338, 508. 



529. 
529. 
529. 



284, 481. 



473. 
4S1, 529. 



289, 388. 
289, 388. 



388. 
360, 439, 560. 



468, 510. 
208. 



232. 

150, 232, 493, 499. 

232, 234, 492. 



232, 234. 

492. 

232, 234, 340. 



537, 576. 



154 

TABLE 26B. --Synthetic organic 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United States producti 
e reported, identified by manufacturer , 19 56 --Continued 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACICLIC--Continued 

»Lubricatlng oil addltives--Contlnued 

Isoanyl octyl acid orthophosphate 

Lauiyl and dlethylamlnoethyl polymethaorylates- 

Oxldized hydrocarbons 

Phosphosulfurized mineral oil 

Sulfoohlorinated lard oil 

Sulfochlorinated sperm oil 

Sulfurized lard oil 

*Sulfurized sperm oil 

Zinc hexyl dithiophosphate 

All other 

Magnesium methj'late 

Maleic acid 

Maleic acid, tribasic lead salt 

Maleic anhydride 

Maleic liquid 

Malic acid 

Malonic acid 

Mannltol 

Mannitol hexanltrate 

Ifesityl oxide 

Kfethacrylamlde 

Kfethacrylates, above methyl 

Methacrylic acid 

Methacryllc acid, sodium salt ■ 

Jfcthallyl Isocyanate 

Jfcthallyl isothlocyanate 

•Methanol, synthetic 



Msthoxybutanol 

Methoxypolyethylene glycol 

3-Methoxypropionitrile 

3-Jfethoxypropylamlne 

Kfethoxytriglyool acetate 

»Methyl acetate 

Methyl acetone acetal 

Kfethyl acid phosphates 

Methyl acrylate, monomer 

Jfethylal ( Dime thoxyme thane) 

Methyl borate 

Iitethyl-l-buten-3-yiie ( Isopropenylacetylene ) 

2-Methyl-3-butynol-2 

Methyl cyanoacetate 

N,N'-Jfcthylenebisalanlne 

N,N'-Methylenebls-stearamlde 

^fcthyl ether (Dimethyl ether) 

Methyl ethyl ketone (2-Butanone) 

Methyl ethyl ketone mixture 

Msthyl ethyl ketone peroxide 

Ifethyl ethyl ketoxime 

Methyl formate 

N-Methylglucamine 

N-Methylglyclne 

Jfethyl glycolate (Methyl hydroxyacetate) 

4-Methyl-2-hexanone 

1-lfcthylisobutylcarbinol ('i-tfcthyl-2-pentanol) 

1-Methylisobutylcarbinyl acetate (A-Jfethyl-2-amyl 
acetate) . 

Methyl magnesium bromide 

Methyl methacrylate, monomer 

Methyl methoxyacetate 

2-Iifethyl-2-nltro-l,3-propanediol 

2-lifethyl-2-nltro-l-propanol 

2-lfethyl-2,'4-pentanediol (Hexylene glycol) 

'i-Iifethyl-2-pentanone (Methyl Isobutyl ketone) 

2-lfethylpentenol 

3-Methyl-l-pentynol-3--- 

tfethylpolyethanolamlne 

2-Vfethyl-2-n-propyl-l,3-propanediol 

Methyl sulfate (Dimethyl sulfate) 

N-Methyltaurlne 

2-Ktethylvaleraldehyde (2-Methylpentaldehyde) 

Methyl vinyl ether 

Maoochlorlc acid 

Muoonic acid (2,4-Hexadienedioio acid) 

2-Nltro-l-butanol 

Nitroe thane 

Nitrome thane 

1-Nltropropane 

2-Nitropropane 

Nonyl alcohol 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list In table 27) 



223. 

253. 

118. 

373. 

2^, 373. 

248. 

248, 338. 

248, 343, 373, 576. 

373, 537, 576. 

373, 468, 481, 537, 576. 

169. 

360, 506, 558. 

389. 

221, 466, 506. 

260. 

360, 506. 

73. 

547. 

547. 

481, 529. 

566. 

253, 566. 

566, X. 

566. 

581. 

581. 

142, 221, 227, 253, 336, 354, 405, 411, 475, 495, 

504, 529, 550, 564. 
475. 
529. 
537. 
537. 
529. 

182, 529, 553, X. 
4U. 
378. 
566. 

227, 475. 
95. 
108. 
108. 
330. 
401. 
309. 
X. 

4^3, 475, 481, X. 
475. 

120, 208, 506. 
499. 
253. 
253. 
537. 
X. 

422. 

481, 529. 
529. 

216. 

14, 253, 566. 

330. 

336. 

336. 

481, 529. 

481, 529. 

X. 

108. 

510. 

X. 

253. 

510. 

365, 529, X. 

510. 

477. 

529. 

336. 

336. 

336. 

336 

336. 

AAA. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



155 



TABLE 26B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United States production 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , J956- -Continued 



laSCELLAMEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC- -Continued 



Nylon ( Polyhexamethylene adlpamlde ) 

Ootadeoenylsuoolnic anhydride 

Ootadeoyl isooyanate 

Octanesulfonyl chloride 

Octanesulfonyl fluoride 

»1-Octanol 

*2-0otanol 

2-Octanone (Hexyl methyl ketone) --- 

Ootene-2 

Octenylsuccinlc anhydride 

Ootyl acetate 

Ootyl acid phosphates 

n-Octyl mercaptan 

Octyl oleyl maleate 

Oleamide (Ootadecene amide) 

Oleic acid salts: 

♦Aluminum oleate 

Barium zinc oleate 

Calcium soap of hydroxyoleic acid 

Chromiijm oleate 

Copper oleate 

♦Lead oleate 

Jfcrcury oleate 

Oleoyl chloride 

xQxalic acid 

♦Oxalic acid salts : 

Ammonium oxalate 

Ferric ammonium oxalate 

Ferric oxalate 

Ferric potassium oxalate 

Ferric sodium oxalate 

Ferrous oxalate 

Potassium binoxalate 

Potassium oxalate 

Sodium binoxalate 

Sodium oxalate 

All other 

Oxidized hydrocarbons, other than lubricating oil 
additives. 

3-Oxoglutaric acid and esters 

Palmitic acid salts : 

Aluminum paljnitate 

•Zinc palmitate 

♦Palmitoyl chloride 

Paraformaldehyde 

Paraldehyde (Paracetaldehyde) 

Pelargonlc acid (Nonanoic acid) 

♦Pentaerythritol 

♦Pentaerythritol tetranitrate 

1,5-Pentanediol 

Perehloromethyl mercaptan 

Phosgene (Carbonyl chloride) 

Pine oil, synthetic 

Polyacrylamide 

♦Polyacrylic acid salts : 

Potassium polyacrylate 

Sodium polyacrylate 

Folyacrylonitrile 

Polyethoxyethylsorbitol 

♦Polyethylene glycol 

Polyethylene polysulfide 

♦Polyglycerol 

Polyglycols 

Poly OSes 

Polyoxyalkylene derivatives 

Polypropylene glycol 

1-Propane thiol 

Propionaldehyde 

♦Propionic acid 

Propionic acid salts: 

Calcium propionate 

Sodium propionate 

Zinc propionate 

Propionic anhydride 

Propionyl chloride 

n- Propyl acetate 

n-Propyl alcohol (Propanol) 

a-Propylene chlorohydrin (l-Chloro-2-propanol) 

♦Propylene glycol (1,2-Propanediol) 

Propylene glycol dioleate 

Propylene glycol esters, mixed 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



250, 253. 






102. 






607. 






585. 






Ab8, 585. 






102, 253, 337. 






177, 566. 






177, 4^3, 558, 566. 






102, 177, 566. 






102. 






451. 






378. 






102, 585. 






221. 






309. 






117, 232, 493, 527, 


564. 




234. 






527. 






234. 






117, 232, 493. 






117, 232, 234, 493. 






564. 






177, 417, 439, 510. 






187, 306, 320, 378, 


564. 




306, 320, 335. 






306. 






306. 






3P6. 






306. 






86, 581. 






320, 335. 






306, 320, 335. 






378. 






320, 378, 560, 564. 






31. 






118. 






306. 






27, 150, 493, 527. 






27, 150, 493, 527, 


537. 




353, 510, 550. 






253, 475, 504. 






529. 






337, 488. 






40, 212, 227, 262, 


336, 466, 


5U4 


212, 253, 262, 547. 






253. 






181. 






473. 






130. 






537. 






324, 525, 527. 






239, 324, 515, 527 


566. 




253. 






547. 






252, 405, 529, 550 






515. 






327, 449, 494. 






252. 






476. 






252. 






252, 529, 565. 






477. 






529. 






253, 336, 443, 475 


529, 620 




86, 205, 253, 475. 






205, 253, 475. 






86, 335. 






443, 529. 






353. 






353, 475. 






227, 475, 529, X. 






365. 






252, 475, 529, X. 






507. 






252. 







156 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 26B. -Synthetic 



rganic chemicals: 
were reported. 



Miscellaneous 
identified by 



chemicals for which United States produ 
manufacturer , J956--Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



KOSCELLANEOUS CHEiaCALS, ACYCLIC--Contlnued 



Propylene glycol methyl ether 

Propylene oxide 

Propyl Isocaproate (Propyl isobutylacetate)- 

n- Propyl nitrate 

Propyne (MethylaCetylene) 

pyrophosphatldic acid 

Pyruvic acid 

♦Research chemicals ; 

Alkyl borates 

Alkyl ethers 

Alltyl hydrocarbons 

Allsyl nitriles 

Alltyl phosphites 

Rare sugars 

All other 



Ricinoleic acid salts : 

Bari\;m cadmium ricinoleate 

Barium ricinoleate 

Cadmium ricinoleate 

Calcium ricinoleate 

»Sarcosine ( N-Methylaminoaoetic acid) 

Sebacic anhydride 

Semicarbazide base 

Semicarbazide hydrochloride --- 

♦Sequestering agents : 

(Diethylenetrinltrilo)pentaacetic acid 

(Diethylenetrinitrilo)pentaacetic acid, iron 
trisodium salt. 

N,N-Di(hydroxyethyl)glycine, sodium salt 

«(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid (Ethylene- 
diaminetetraacetic acid). 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, calcium salt-- 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, copper salt--- 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetlc acid, disodium salt- 
(Ethylenedinltrilo)tetraacetic acid, magnesium 

salt. 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetio acid, manganese 
salt. 
»(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraaoetic acid, monosodium 

iron salt. 
•»(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, tetrasodium 
salt. 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, trisodium 
salt. 

(Ethylenedlnltrilo)tetraaoetic acid, zinc salt 

Glucoheptonic acid, sodium salt 

N- ( Hydroxyethyl ) ethylenedlnltrilotriacetic acid, 
trisodium salt. 

Silicones 

Sodium ethyl oxalacetate 

Sodium formaldehyde bisulfite 

♦Sodium formaldehyde sulfoxylate 

Sodium 2-hydroxy-l-propanesulfonate 

Sodium methoxlde (Sodium methylate) 

Sodium sorbitol borate 

Sorbitol 

Soya nltrile 

Soybean oil, acyl chloride salt of sodium lysalbi- 
nate. 

Stearamlde (Octadecane amide) 

♦Stearic acid salts : 
♦Aluminum stearates : 

Aluminum monostearate 

♦Aluminum distearate 

Aluminum tristearate 

Ammonium stearate 

Barium stearate 

♦Cadmium stearate 

♦Calcium stearate 

Cobalt stearate 

Ferric stearate 

Ferrous stearate 

♦Lead stearate 

Lead stearate, dibasic 

Lithium hydroxystearate 

♦Lithium stearate 

♦Magnesium stearate 

♦Zinc stearate — ' 

All other 



252. 

252, "475, 529. 
336. 

^0. 
108. 
378. 
537. 

568. 
102. 
102. 
6. 

223. 
360. 

6, 31, 102, 175, 216, 218, 223, 330, 358, 360, ^10, 
-412, ^77. 

23-;. 

96, 234. 
234. 
96. 

253, 401, 492, 510. 
474. 

218. 
218. 

608. 
608. 

252. 

179, 252, 335, 510, 608. 



608. 
179, 335, 



608. 
360. 
252, 

244, 

157. 

330, 

71, 

510. 

102, 

547. 

547, 

309. 



252, 510, 608. 
252, 510, 527, 608. 
608. 

608. 

484. 

477. 
253, 424, 566. 

550, X. 



43, 150, 439, 527, 564. 

43, 150, 229, 439, 493, 500, 527, 537, 564. 

43, 150, 229, 439, 493, 527, 537, 564. 

150, 493, 527. 

43, 493, 527. 

493, 527. 

43, 150, 229, 439, 493, 500, 527, 5'37, 564. 



234, 389, 439, 493, 527, 552. 
493. 

150, 271, 493, 527. 

43, 150, 493, 500, 527, 537, 564. 

43, 150, 229, 439, 493, 500, 527, 537, 564. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



157 



TABLE 26B. -Syntheti 



rganic chemicals: Miscel laneous chemicals for which United States produ 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , i956- -Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHHCCALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 



Stearoyl chloride 

Succinic acid 

Succinic acid, sodium salt 

Succinic anhydride 

Succinimide 

Succinonitrile 

Sucrose ootaacetate 

Tallow fatty acyl chloride 

Tartaric acid 

Tartaric acid salts, nonmedicinal 

Tetraethylene glycol 

Tetraethylene glycol dibutyl ether-- 

Tetraethylene glycol dimethyl ether ( Bis[ 2- Ca- 
me thoxyethoxy) ethyl] ether). 

Tetraethyl lead 

Tetrahydroxysuccinic acid ( Dioxytartaric acid)- — 

Tetrakis(2-hydroxypropyl)ethylenediamine 

Tetraoctyl orthosilicate 

Thioacetamide 

Thioacetic acid (Sulfoacetic acid) 

Thioglyoerol 

Thioglycolic acid (Mercaptoacetic acid) 

Thioglycolic acid salts : 

♦Ammonium thioglycolate 

Calcium thioglycolate 

Ethanolamine , mono thioglycolate 

Sodium thioglycolate 

Thiomalio acid 

Triacetoxyvlnylsilane 

Trialkyl stearyl ammonium ethyl phosphate 

Triallyl cyanurate 

Trichloroethylsilane (Ethyl silicon trichloride )-- 

Trichlorohexadecylsllane 

Trichloromethanephosphonic acid 

Trlchloromethylsllane 

Trichloro-octadecylsilane 

Trichlorovlnylsilane 

Triethoxymethoxypropane 

Trlethyl acetate citrate 

Trlethyl citrate 

«Triethylene glycol 

Trlethj'lene glycol dichloride (2-(2-Chloroethoxy)- 
ethyl 2-chloroethyl ether). 

Triethylene glycol dimethyl ether 

Trl-2-ethylhexyl phosphite--- 

Trlethyl orthoacetate 

Trlethyl orthoformate 

Trlethyl orthopropionate 

Triiso-octyl phosphite 

Triisopropyl phosphite 

Trimethyl orthoformate 

Trimethyl phosphite 

Tripropylene glycol 

Tripropylene glycol, methyl ether 

Tris(2-ohloroethyl) phosphite 

Tristearyl phosphate 

*Urea in compounds or mixtures : 

Crystal 

In feed compounds 

*In fertilizer solution 

In plastics 

*In solid fertilizer 

In urea-formaldehyde concentrate 

All other 

Valeraldehyde 

*Vinyl acetate, monomer 

Vinyl stearate 

Waxes, synthetic 

Xanthic acid, ethyl, sodium salt 

Zinc dlamyldithiocarbamate 

Zinc formaldehyde dlthiocarbamate 

»Zlnc fonnaldel^de sulfoxylate 



356. 
293, 356. 
506. 



49^, 510. 

506. 

564. 

221, 506. 

506. 

537. 

529. 

510. 

189. 

560, 564. 

252, X. 
569. 
39. 

253, 480. 
537. 
565. 
221. 

216, 335, 477. 

477. 

356. 

293, 356, 619. 

93, 293, 356, 581, 611. 

356. 

293, 

356, 

24^. 

547. 

537. 

244. 

244. 

378. 

244. 

244. 

244. 

330. 

306. 

306. 

252, 405, 529, 550. 

529. 

39. 

223. 

330, 477. 

330. 

330. 

223. 

223. 

330. 

223. 

252. 

252. 

223. 

241. 



280, 
253, 
253, 
253. 
253, 
354. 
253, 
444. 
108, 
108, 
179. 
253. 
585. 
335. 
71, 



354. 

280, 292, 354. 

280, 292, 354, 582. 

280, 292, 354, 481, 582. 

582. 

253, 475, 529. 
510. 



253, 424, 566. 



158 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Directory of Manufacturers 

The Directory of Manufacturers lists the companies that report 
their production of synthetic organic chemicals to the United States 
Tariff Commission. The name of each manufacturer is preceded 
by an identification number. 

For 1956, the Directory of Manufacturers lists 620 companies 
(see table 27). Chiefly as a result of mergers, there were 6 fewer 
reporting companies in 1956 than in 1955. Some of the companies 
that report production of synthetic organic chemicals consume 
their entire output in further manufacturing. 

The Directory of Manufacturers lists the companies in two ways 
Section 1 lists them in numerical order, the identification number 
for each company having been assigned in the order in which the 
Commission received the company's reporting schedule. This sys- 
tem makes it unnecessary to wait until all the schedules are re- 
turned before assigning the identification numbers, and greatly 
speeds the preparation of the tables in part III. Section 2 lists the 
companies in alphabetical order. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



159 



TABLE 77 .--Synthet ic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1956 

SECTION 1. NUMERICAL DIRECTOHY 

[Names of synthetic organic chemical manufacturers who reported production or sales to the United States 
Tariff Commission for 1956 are listed below in the order of their identification numbers as used in tables 
in part III. Section 2 of this table lists these mamifaoturers alphabetically, and gives their office and 
plant addresses] 



No. 


Name of company 


No. 


Name of company 


1 


Southern Resin Glue Co. 


75 


Kyanize Paints, Inc. 


2 


Southern Textile Chemical Corp. 


76 


Sipe, James B., & Co. 


3 


Premo Pharmaceutical Laboratories, Inc. 


77 


Standard Chlorine Chemical Co., Inc. 


A. 


American Rook Wool Corp. 


78 


Cook Paint & Varnish Co. 


5 


Calvert-Mount Winans Co. 


79 


American Marietta Co. 


6 


Columbia Organic Chemicals, Inc. 


80 


American Marietta Co. (Ferbert-Sohomdorfer 


7 


Fine Colors Co. 




Co. Div.). 


8 


Meyer, J., & Sons, Inc. 


81 


American Viscose Corp. 


9 


Olin Mathieson Chemical Corp. (Blockson 


82 


Bennett's. 




Chemical Co. Div.). 


83 


California Ink Co., Inc. 


10 


Richardson Co. 


84 


Carpenter-Morton Co. 


11 


Soluol Chemical Co., Inc. 


85 


Sonnebom, L., Sons, Inc. 


12 


Standard Agricultural Chemicals, inc. 


86 


Chemo Puro Manufacturing Corp. 


13 


Standard-Toch-Chemioals, Inc. 


87 


George, P. D., Co. 


K 


U. S. Plastic Products Corp. 


88 


Kennecott Copper Corp. (Chino Mines Div.). 


15 


Lobica-Debruille, Inc. 


89 


Magnolia Petroleum Co. 


16 


Marathon Corp. (Chemical Sales Dept.). 


90 


Marlowe -Van Loan Corp. 


17 


Stansbury Chemical Co., Inc. 


91 


Northwestern Chemical Co. 


18 


Astra Pharmaceutical Products, Inc. 


92 


Soholler Bros., Inc. 


19 


National Biochemical Co. 


93 


Summit Chemical Products Corp. 


20 


Capital Plastics, Inc. 


94 


Warner-Jenkinson Manufacturing Co. 


21 


Commonwealth Color & Chemical Co. 


95 


Anderson Chemical Co. 


22 


Farrington, W. U., Estate of. 


96 


Baker Castor Oil Co. 


23 


Lake States Yeast Corp. 


97 


Drug Processors, Inc. 


24 


Reliance Varnish Co., Inc. 


98 


Fiberboard Paper Products Corp. (Pabco Paint 


25 


Rinshed4teson Co. 




Div.). 


26 


Siddall, Geo. F., Co., Inc. 


99 


Finetex, Inc . 


27 


Synthetic Products Co. 


100 


Foremost Food & Chemical Co. (El Dorado Div.) 


28 


Tex Chemical Co. 


101 


General Tire Sc Rubber Co. (Chemical Div.). 


29 


Blackman Brands, Inc. 


102 


Humphrey-Wilkinson, Inc. 


30 


Chemical Insecticide Corp. 


103 


Kehew-Bradley Co. 


31 


City Chemical Corp. 


104 


Standard Ultramarine & Color Co. 


32 


Trask, Arthur C, Co. 


105 


American Aniline & Extract Co., Inc. 


33 


Hanna Paint Manufacturing Co. 


106 


Triangle Chemical Co. 




(Industrial Div.). 


107 


United States Procaine Co., Inc. 


34 


Hynson, Westcott & Dunning, Inc. 


108 


Air Reduction Chemical Co. 


35 


Knoedler Chemical Co. 


109 


France, Campbell & Darling, Inc. 


36 


Ottol Oil Co. 


110 


International Minerals & Chemical Corp. 


37 


Polychemlcal Laboratories, Inc. 


111 


Jones -Dabney Co. 


38 


Raybestos Div. of Raybestos-Manhattan, Inc. 


112 


Laros, R. K., Co. 


39 


Ansul Chemical Co. 


113 


Laurel Soap Manufacturing Co., Inc. 


40 


Delaware Chemicals, Inc. 


114 


Marden-Wild Corp. 


41 


Krumbhaar ChemioEil Co., Inc. 


115 


Merrell, Wm. S., Co. 


42 


Mineral Oil Refining Co. 


116 


Schieffelin & Co. 


43 


Parsons, M. W., Plymouth, Inc. 


117 


Shepherd Chemical Co. 


44 


Wilmot & Cassidy, Inc. 


118 


Alox Corp. 


45 


Cleary, W. A., Corp. 


119 


Booty Resineers, Inc. 


46 


Crownoil Chemical Co., Inc. 


120 


Cadet Chemical Corp. 


47 


Peerless Chemical Co. 


121 


Douglas Chemical Corp. 


48 


Red Spot Paint & Varnish Co., Inc. 


122 


Emkay Chemical Co. 


49 


All-Tex Specialties Co. 


123 


Farley & Loetscher Manufacturing Co. 


50 


Bird Sc Son, Inc. (Floor Covering Div.). 


124 


Organic Chemical Corp. 


51 


Guyan Color & Chemical Works. 


125 


Simpson Redwood Co. 


52 


Kalide Corp. 


126 


Petrolite Corp. (Tretolite Cu. Div.). 


53 


Loven Chemical Co. of California. 


127 


Ad -Co Color Corp. 


54 


Medical Chemicals Corp. 


128 


Buckeye Cellulose Corp. 


55 


Nelson- Wells & Co. 


129 


Copolymer Rubber & Chemical Corp. 


56 


Remington Arms Co., Inc. 


130 


Crosby Chemicals, Inc. 


57 


Spaulding Fibre Co., Inc. 


131 


Crown Tar & Chemical Works, Inc. 


58 


Standard Naphthalene Products Co., Inc. 


132 


Firestone Tire & Rubber Co. 


59 


Vita-Var Corp. 


133 


Freeman Chemical Corp. 


60 


Werner Drug & Chemical Co. 


134 


Great Southern Chemical Corp. 


61 


Wilson Organic Chemicals, Inc. 


135 


Harbor Plywood Corp. 


62 


Amalgamated Chemical Corp. 


136 


Ironsides Co. 


63 


American Chemical Paint Co. 


137 


Lakeside Laboratories, Inc. 


64 


Armstrong Cork Co. 


138 


Merichem Co. 


65 


Stein, Hall & Co., Inc. 


139 


National Polychemlcals, Inc. 


66 


General Color Co., Inc. 


140 


Peck's Products Co. 


67 


Hartman-Leddon Co. 


141 


Petroleum Chemicals, Inc. 


68 


Inland Steel Container Co. 


142 


Spencer Chemical Co. 


69 


Pacific Paint & Varnish Co. 


143 


Thompson Chemicals Corp. 


70 


Poiighkeepsie Dyestuff Corp. 


144 


Universal Detergents, Inc. 


71 


Royce Chemical Co. 


145 


U. S. Industrial Chemicals Co., Div. of 


72 


Rubber Corp. of America. 




National Distillers Products Corp. 


73 


American Bio-Synthetics Corp. 


146 


Cosden Petroleum Corp. 


74 


Keystone Color Works, Inc. 


147 


Bates Chemical Co. 






148 


Clover Chemical Co. 



160 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 27. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , J956- -Continued 



No. 


Name of company 


No. 


Name of company 


U9 


Concord Chemical Co., Inc. 


226 


Scherer, R. P., Corp. 


150 


Lefflngwell Chemical Co. 


227 


Warren Petroleum Corp. 


151 


Lyle Branchf lower Co. 


228 


Lever, C, Co., Inc. 


152 


Pennsylvania Industrial Chemical Corp. 


229 


Nuodex Products Co., Div. of Heyden Newport 


153 


Burkart-Schier Chemical Co. 




Chemical Co. 


15A 


Cabot, Samuel, Inc. 


230 


Old Colony Tar Co., Ino. 


155 


Chemico, Ino . 


231 


Specific Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 


156 


Edison, Thomas A., Inc. (Medical Gas Dlv.). 


232 


Stresen-Reuter, Fred'k. A., Ino. 


157 


Food Machinery & Chemical Corp. (Fairfield 


233 


Tar Distilling Co., Inc. 




Chemical Div.) . 


234 


Harshaw Chemical Co. 


158 


Grand Rapids Varnish Corp. 


235 


Midland Industrial Finishes Co. 


159 


Metro-Atlantic, Inc. 


236 


Minnesota Paints, Inc. 


160 


Metro Dyestuff Corp. 


237 


United States Pipe &. Foundry Co. 


161 


Planetary Chemical Co., Ino. 


238 


Burroughs-Wellcome & Co. (U.S.A.), Inc. 


162 


Taylor Fibre Co. 


239 


Jordan, Jr., W. H., & F., Manufacturing Co. 


163 


UBS Chemical Corp. 


240 


Metalsalts Corp. 


164 


Wetherill, George D., Varnish Co. 


241 


Perrautlt Co. 


165 


Borg-Warner Corp. (Marbon Chemical Div.). 


242 


Buckman Laboratories, Inc. 


166 


Armour Laboratories Div. of Armour & Co. 


243 


Hart Products Corp. 


167 


Harsyd Chemicals, Inc. 


244 


Dow Corning Corp. 


168 


Old Hickory Chemical Co., Inc. 


245 


Cowles Chemical Co. 


169 


Purocaine, Ino. 


246 


Atlas Refinery, Ino. 


170 


Standard Chemical Products, Inc. 


247 


Bio-Rad Laboratories. 


171 


Whittemore-Wright Co., Inc. 


248 


Carlisle Chemical Works, Ino. 


172 


Dakota Briquets & Tar Products, Inc. 


249 


Chemical Process Co. 


173 


Pratt & Lambert, Inc. 


250 


Chemstrand Corp. 


174 


Root Chemicals, Ino. 


251 


Continental Oil Co. 


175 


Schwarz Laboratories, Inc. 


252 


Dow Chemical Co. 


176 


Swift & Co. 


253 


duPont de Nemours, E. I., & Co., Ino. 


177 


Wallace & Tiernan, Ino. (Harchem Div.). 


254 


Food Machinery & Chemical Corp. (Ohio-Apex 


178 


Baker, J. T., Chemical Co. (Taylor Chemical 




Div.). 




Div.). 


255 


Heresite & Chemical Co. 


179 


Glyco Products Co., Ino. 


256 


Neville Chemical Co. 


180 


Arco Co. 


257 


Ohio Chemical & Surgical Equipment Co. 


181 


Calhio Chemicals, Inc. 


258 


Pan American Petroleum Corp. 


182 


Col ton Chemical Co., Div. of Air Reduction 


259 


Portland Gas & Coke Co. 




Co., Ino. 


260 


Pittsburgh Coke & Chemical Co. 


183 


Continental -Diamond Fibre Corp. 


261 


Purex Corp . , Ltd .■ 


184 


Food Machinery & Chemical Corp. (Niagara 


262 


Trojan Powder Co. 




Chemical Div.). 


263 


Union Oil Co. of California. 


185 


Long, Charles R., Jr., Co. 


264 


Pacific Yeast Products, Inc. 


186 


National Petro-Chemicals Corp. 


265 


Atlantic Chemical Corp. 


187 


Hooker Electrochemical Co. (Oldbury Products). 


266 


Benzol Products Co. 


188 


Pennsylvania Refining Co. 


267 


Carwin Co. 


189 


Stauffer Chemical Co. 


268 


Appleton Coated Paper Co. 


190 


Consolidated Paint Co. 


269 


Crown Central Petroleum Corp. 


191 


Belle Chemical Co., Inc. 


270 


Florida Molasses Corp. 


192 


Kohnstamm, H., & Co., Inc. 


271 


Maywood Chemical Works. 


193 


New Jersey Zinc Co. (of Pa.). 


272 


Michigan Chemical Corp. 


194 


United Piece Dye Works. 


273 


Montrose Chemical Co. 


195 


Miranol Chemical Co., Inc. 


274 


Shawlnigan Resins Corp. 


196 


Osborn, C. J., Co. 


275 


Wheeler, Reynolds & Stauffer. 


197 


Sterling Drug, Inc. (National Brands Div.). 


276 


Bruder, M. A., & Sons, Inc. 


198 


Watertown Manufacturing Co. 


277 


Acme Resin Corp. 


199 


Westinghouse Electric Corp. 


278 


Atlantic Refining Co. 


200 


Texas-U. S. Chemical Co. 


279 


Florasynth Laboratories, Inc. 


201 


Vanderbilt Chemical Corp. 


280 


Grace Chemical Co., Div. of W. R. Grace & Co. 


202 


Nilok Chemicals, Ino. 


281 


Pilot California Co. 


203 


United Rubber & Chemical Co. 


282 


Salvo Chemical Corp. 


204 


Great Western Sugar Co. 


283 


Upjohn Co. 


205 


Lemke, B. L., & Co., Ino. 


284 


Esso Standard Oil Co. (Louisiana Div.). 


206 


Nease Chemical Co., Inc. 


285 


American Viscose Corp. (Film Div.). 


207 


Searle, G. D., & Co. 


286 


Apex Chemical Co., Inc. 


208 


Wallace &. Tiernan, Inc. (Lucidol Div.). 


287 


Barium ReduQtion Corp. 


209 


Interchemlcal Corp. (Finishes Dlv.). 


288 


Chemical Manufacturing Co., Inc. 


210 


Uhlich, Paul, & Co., Ino. 


289 


Clinton Corn Processing Co. 


211 


General Petroleum Corp. 


290 


Dewey & Almy Chemical Co., Div. of W. R. 


212 


Hercules Powder Co. 




Grace & Co. 


213 


Verona Chemical Co. 


291 


Endo Laboratories, Ino. 


214 


American Oil Co. (Texas). 


292 


Deere & Co. (Grand River Chemical Div.). 


215 


Frontier Chemical Co., Div. of Union Chemical 


293 


Halby Products Co., Inc. 




& Materials Corp. 


294 


Leatex Chemical Co. 


216 


Arapahoe Chemicals, Inc., & Arapahoe Special 


295 


Marblette Corp. 




Products, Inc. 


296 


Montrose Chemical Corp. of California. 


217 


Bryant Chemical Corp. 


297 


Norwich Pharmaoal Co. 


218 


Fairmount Chemical Co., Inc. 


298 


Procter & Gamble Co. 


219 


Kentucky Color & Chemical Co. 


299 


Puget Sound Pulp & Timber Co. 


220 


Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Co. (Irvington 


300 


Sheffield Chemical Co.. Div. of Sheffield 




Chemical Div.) . 




Farms Co., Inc. 


221 


Monsanto Chemical Co. 


301 


Sonoco Products Co. 


222 


Oronite Chemical Co. 


302 


Suntide Refining Co. 


223 


Virginia-Carolina Chemical Corp. 


303 


Tennessee Products & Chemical Corp. 


224 


Peerles Color Co., Inc. 


304 


Velslcol Chemical Corp. 


225 


Sandoz, Inc . 


305 


Washington Natural Gas Co. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



161 



TABLE 27. —Synthetic orianic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, I9J6- -Continued 



Name of con^any 



Pfizer, Charles, & Co., Inc. 

Berk, F. W., & Co., Inc. 

Wilson Laboratories Div. of Wilson & Co., 

Inc. 
Armour & Co. (Chemical Dlv.). 
Eakins, J. S., & W. R., Inc. 
Esso Standard Oil Co. 
Ferro Chemical Corp. 
Gllman Paint & Vamlsh Co. 
Thlokol Chemical Corp. 
Wltte, John H., & Sons. 
Cookerllle, F. 0. 
Kelly, John F., Co. 
Lever Brothers Co. 
Nonweller, A. P., Co. 
Allied Chemical & Dye Corp. (General Chemical 

Dlv.). 
Ortho Chemical Corp. 
Schenectady Varnish Co., Inc. 
Southern Sizing Co. 
Alco Oil & Chemical Corp. 
Atlas Processing Co. 
Chi Ids Pulp Colors, Inc. 
Colgate-Palmolive Co. 
General Mills, Inc. 
Young Aniline Works, Inc. 
Kay-Fries Chemicals, Inc. 
Shell Oil Co. 
Verley Chemical Co., Inc. 
Allied Chemical & I)ye Corp. (Solvay Process 

Dlv.). 
Archer-Daniels-Midland Co. 
Baker, J. T., Chemical Co. 
Commercial Solvents Corp. 
Glvaudan Corp. 
Gulf Oil Corp. 

Levey, Fred'k. H., Co., Inc. 
MoGean Chemical Co. 
Petro-Tex Chemical Corp. 
Publicker Industries, Inc. 
Quaker Chemical Products Corp. 
Hiker Laboratories, Inc. 
Dr. Salsbury's Laboratories. 
Specialty Resins Co. 
Washburn, T. F., Co. 
Wlnthrop Laboratories. 
Davis, H. B., Co. 

General Foods Corp. (Maxwell House Div.). 
Keystone Cheraurgio Corp. 
Stange, Wm. J., Co. 
Trubek Laboratories. 

Allied Chemical & Dye Corp. (Nitrogen Div.). 
r^e Specialties Corp., Inc. 
Evans Chemetics, Inc. 
Firestone Tire & Rubber Co. (Firestone Plastics 

Co. Div.). 
Premium Chemicals, Inc. 
Kessler Chemical Co., Inc. 
•Pfanstiehl Laboratories, Inc. 
Nepera Chemical Co., Inc. 
Dawe's Laboratories, Inc. 
Ethyl-Dow Chemical Co. 
Fine Organics, Inc. 
Fries Bros., Inc. 
Grain Processing Corp. 
Koppers Co., Inc. (Chemical Div. & Tar Products 

Div.). 
Miles Laboratories, Inc. 
Newport Industries, Inc. 
Patent Chemicals, Inc. 
Pfister Chemical Works, Inc. 
Ruberoid Co. 
Sinclair Refining Co. 
Olin Mathleson Chemical Corp. (Squibb, E. R., 

& Sons Div. ) . 
Sumner Chemical Co., Div. of Miles 

Laboratories, Inc. 
Synthetic Chemicals, Inc. 
Synthetic Plasties Co. 
Victor Chemical Works. 
Huron Milling Co. 
American Alcolac Corp. 
Brown Co. 
Coopers Creek Chemical Corp. 



383 
384 
385 
386 
387 
388 
389 
390 
391 
392 
393 
394 
395 
396 
397 
398 
399 
400 
401 
402 
403 
404 
405 
406 
407 
408 
409 
410 
411 
412 
413 
414 
415 
416 
417 
418 
419 
420 
421 

422 
423 
424 
425 
426 
427 
428 
429 
430 
431 
432 
433 
434 
435 
436 
437 
438 
439 

440 

441 
442 
443 

444 
445 
446 
447 
448 
449 
450 
451 
452 
453 
454 
455 
456 
457 
458 
459 
460 
461 
462 



Name of Company 



Industrial Products, Inc. 

Marx, Max, Color & Chemical Co. 

Maumee Chemical Co. 

Phoenix Oil Co. 

Western Dry Color Co. 

American Maize Products Co. 

National Lead Co. 

Standard Dyestuff Corp. 

Van Dyk & Co., Inc. 

Dodd, Donald A. 

Huggins, James, & Son, Inc. 

Industrial Dyestuff Co. 

Richfield Oil Corp. 

Smith, Kline & French Laboratories. 

Synco Resins, Inc. 

van Ameringen-Haebler, Inc. 

Alframine Corp. 

Maas & Waldstein Co. 

Pharma Chemical Corp. 

Hitter, F., & Co. 

Southern Dyestuff Corp. 

White & Bagley Co. 

Jefferson Chemical Co., Inc. 

Morwear Paint Co. 

Parke, Davis & Co. 

Texas Co. 

Fritzsche Brothers, Inc. 

Bios Laboratories, Inc. 

Cities Service Oil Co. 

Delta Chemical Works, Inc. 

Paul-Lewis Laboratories, Inc. 

Berkeley Chemical Corp. 

Federal Color Laboratories, Inc. 

Thomasset Colors, Inc. 

DePaul Chemical Co., Inc. 

Dexter Chemical Corp. 

Sun Oil Co. 

Hampden Color & Chemical Co. 

Hooker Electrochemical Co. (Durez Plastics 
Dlv.). 

Lilly, Eli, &.Co. 

Lueders, George, & Co. 

Wolf, Jacques, & Co. 

Kali Manufacturing Co. 

Goodrlch-Gulf Chemicals, Inc. 

LaMotte Chemical Products Co. 

Vitamins, Inc. 

Foster-Heaton Co. 

Interohemlcal Corp. (Textile Colors Div.). 
Maryland Plastics, Inc. 

Gallowhur Chemical Corp. 
Brooklyn Color Works, Inc. 
Humble Oil & Refining Co. 

Chemlek Laboratories, Inc. 

Crown Chemical Corp. 

Hitter Chemical Co., Inc. 

Varcum Chemical Corp. 

Sun Chemical Corp. (Warwick Chemical Co. 

Div.). 
Zinsser & Co., Inc., subsidiary of Harshaw 

Chemical Co. 
Alkydol Laboratories, Inc. 
New York Quinine & Chemical Works, Inc. 
Eastman Kodak Co. (Tennessee Eastman Co. 

Div.). 
Eastman Kodak Co. (Texas Eastman Co. Div.). 
Carus Chemical Co., Inc. 
Leonard Refineries, Inc. (Roosevelt Dlv.) . 
Althouse Chemical Co., Inc. 
Kilsdonk Chemical Corp. 
Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. 
Kennecott Copper Corp. (Utah Copper Div.) 
Deecy Products Co. 
Dykem Co. 

Berkshire Color & Chemical Co. 
Hoffmann-LaRoche, Inc. 

U. S. Rubber Co. (Naugatuck Chemical Div.). 
Abbott Laboratories. 
Arnold, Hoffman & Co., Inc. 
Diversey Corp. 
Gamma Chemical Corp. 
Holland Color & Chemical Co. 
Lebanon Chemical Corp. 
Sinclair & Valentine Co. 



162 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 7f,--Syntheti 



chemicals: Directory of 



No. 


Name of oompany 


No. 


Name of company 


-;63 


Sooony-Mobil Oil Co., Inc. 


537 


American Cyanamid Co. 


i6A 


McCloskey Varnish Co. 


538 


American Synthetic Rubber Corp. 


465 


Phillips Chemical Co. 


539 


King, 0. L., & Co. 


466 


Relchhold Chemicals, Inc. 


540 


Plastics Engineering Co. 


467 


Cutter Laboratories. 


541 


Paisley Products, Inc. 


468 


Hooker Electrochemical Co. 


542 


Thompson-Hayward Chemical Co. 


469 


Penick, S. B., & Co. 


543 


Ciba Pharmaceutical Products, Inc. 


470 


Pabst Brewing Co. 


544 


Jennlson-Wright Corp. 


471 


Perkins Glue Co. 


545 


Ninol Laboratories, Inc. 


472 


Felton Chemical Co., Inc. 


546 


American Potash & Chemical Corp. 


473 


Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co. 


547 


Atlas Powder Co. 


474 


Shulton, Inc. (Fine Chemicals Dlv.). 


548 


Keystone Paint & Varnish Corp. 


475 


Celanese Corp. of America. 


549 


Moretex Chemical Products. 


476 


Com Products Refining Co. 


550 


Olin Mathieson Chemical Corp. 


477 


Eastman Kodak Co. 


551 


Sobering Corp. 


478 


Union Carbide & Carbon Corp. (Bakelite Co.). 


552 


Standard Oil Co. of California. 


479 


Eastern States Chemical Corp. 


553 


Borden Co. (Chemical Div.). 


480 


Ethyl Corp. 


554 


Fuller, W. P., & Co. 


481 


Shell Chemical Corp. 


555 


Hoffman-Taff, Inc. 


482 


Orbis Products Corp, 


556 


LaSalle Chemical Co. 


483 


Schuylkill Chemical Co. 


557 


Sun Chemical Corp. (Pigment Div.). 


484 


Union Carbide & Carbon Corp. (Silicones Div.). 


558 


Allied Chemical & I^e Corp. (Barrett Div.). 


485 


Sherwin-Williams Co. 


559 


Glidden Co. 


486 


Westvllle Laboratories. 


560 


Merck & Co., Inc. 


487 


Collway Colors, Inc. 


561 


Food Machinery & Chemical Corp. (Westvaco 


488 


Emery Industries, Inc. 




Chlor-Alkali Div., Westvaco Mineral 


489 


Gane's Chemical Works, Inc. 




Products Div., & Chemical Divisions 


490 


Hexagon Laboratories, Inc. 




Management) . 


491 


Magruder Color Co., Inc. 


562 


Pltt-Consol Chemical Co. 


492 


Sterling Drug, Inc. (Hilton-Davis Chemical Co. 


563 


Wioa Co., Inc. 




Div.). 


564 


Mallinckrodt Chemical Works. 


493 


Witco Chemical Co. 


565 


Wyandotte Chemicals Corp. 


494 


Eraulsol Chemical Corp. 


566 


Rohm & Haas Co. 


495 


Quaker Oats Co. 


567 


Treplow Products, Inc. 


496 


Staley, A. E., Manufacturing Co. 


568 


United States Borax & Chemical Corp. 


497 


Houghton, E. F., & Co. 


569 


Roberts Chemicals, Inc. 


498 


Organlcs, Inc. 


570 


Chase Chemical Corp. 


499 


Advance Solvents & Chemical Div. of Carlisle 


571 


White & Hodges, Inc. 




Chemical Works, Inc. 


572 


Lewis Tar Products Co. 


500 


Crown Chemical Co., Div. of Joseph Turner 


573 


Morton-Withers Chemical Co. 




& Co. 


574 


Poly Resins, Inc. 


501 


Ultra Chemical Works, Inc. 


575 


Standard Chemical Co. 


502 


Ansbacher-Siegle Corp. 


576 


Lubrizol Corp. 


503 


Bristol Laboratories, Inc. 


577 


Toms River-Cincinnati Chemical Corp. 


504 


Heyden Chemical Corp. 


578 


H. M. Chemical Co. 


505 


Oil & Chemical Products, Inc. 


579 


Meta Chemical Corp. 


506 


Allied Chemical & Dye Corp. (National 


580 


R. S. A. Corp. 




Aniline Div.). 


581 


Ringwood Chemical Corp. 


507 


Drew, E. F., & Co., Inc. 


582 


Sohlo Petroleum Co. 


508 


Standard Oil Co. of Indiana. 


583 


Ciba Products Corp. 


509 


Riverdale Chemical Co. 


584 


Lebec Chemical Corp. 


510 


General Aniline & Film Corp. (Dyestuff & 


585 


Pennsalt Chemicals Corp. (Sharpies 




Chemical Div.) . 




Chemicals Dlv.) . 


511 


Wallace & Tiernan, Inc. 


586 


Stepan Chemical Co. 


512 


Reilly Tar & Chemical Corp. 


587 


Pennsalt Chemicals Corp. 


513 


Republic Creosoting Co. 


588 


Krishell Laboratories, Inc. 


514 


Gary Chemicals, Inc. 


589 


New York Color & Chemical Co., Div. of 


515 


Goodrich, B. F., Chemical Co. (Dlv. of B. F. 




American Qyewood Co. 




Goodrich Co.). 


590 


Solvent Chemical Co., Inc. 


516 


Phillips Petroleum Co. 


591 


General Electric Co. 


517 


Catalin Corp. of America. 


592 


Universal Western Chemical Corp. 


518 


Kendall Refining Co. 


593 


Detrex Chemical Industries, Inc. 


519 


Collett-Week Corp. 


594 


U^eth Laboratories, Inc. 


520 


Fiber Chemical Corp. 


595 


Vineland Chemical Co. 


521 


Beech-Nut Life Savers, Inc. 


596 


Alliance Color & Chemical Co. 


522 


Cabot, Godfrey L., Inc. 


597 


Kolker Chemical Corp. 


523 


Diamond Alkali Co. 


598 


Onyx Oil & Chemical Co. 


524 


Dominion Products, Inc. 


599 


Bush, W. J., & Co., Inc. 


525 


Farmers' Chemical Co. 


600 


Norda Essential Oil & Chemical Co., Inc. 


526 


Greenwood Textile Supply Co. 


601 


Synvar Corp. 


527 


Nopco Chemical Co., Inc. 


602 


U. S. Oil Co. 


528 


Pure Oil Co. 


603 


Allied Chemical & Dye Corp. (Semet-Solvay 


529 


Union Carbide & Carbon Corp. (Carbide & 




Petrochemical Div.). 




Carbon Chemicals Co.). 


604 


Koppers Co., Inc. (American Aniline Products) 


530 


Brown, Andrew, Co. 


605 


May, Otto B., Inc. 


531 


Imperial Paper & Color Corp. (Pigment Color 


606 


National Chlorophyll & Chemical Co., Div. of 




Div.). 




Hofmann Industries, Inc. 


532 


California-Spray Chemical Corp. 


607 


Mobay Chemical Co. 


533 


Callison, I. P., & Sons, Inc. 


608 


Gelgy Chemical Corp. 


534 


Chemagro Corp. 


609 


Produotol Co. 


535 


Coastwise Petroleum Co. 


610 


National Starch Products, Inc. 


536 


Hall, C. P., Co. of Illinois. 







SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



163 





Table 27. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Di 


rector 


K of manufacturers, i95(!- -Continued 


No. 


Name of company 


No. 


Name of company 


6U 
612 
613 
6U 
615 


Rayette, Inc. (Chemical Div. ) . 

Tennessee Copper Co., Div. Tennessee Corp. 

Jergens, Andrew, Co. 

Crown Zellerbaoh Corp. 

Krystall Chemical Co. 


616 
617 
618 
619 
620 


Salem Oil & Grease Co. 

New York & Pennsylvania Co., Inc. 

International Paper Co. 

Helena Curtis Industries, Inc. 

Amoco Chemicals Corp. 



164 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 2T.--Syntheti 



mic chemicals: Pirectory of wanufactv 
SECTION 2. ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY 



i956- -Continued 



[Names of synthetic organic chemical manufacturers who reported production or sales to the United States 
Tariff Commission for lyso are listed below alphabetically, together with their identification numbers 
as used in tables in part III. Section 1 of this table lists these manufacturers in the order of their 
identification numbers] 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



Abbott Laboratories 

Acme Resin Corp 

Ad-Co Color Corp 

Advance Solvents i Chemical Div. of 

Carlisle Chemical Works, Inc. 
Air Reduction Chemical Co 

Alco Oil & Chemical Corp 

Alframine Corp 

Aliydol Laboratories, Inc 

Alliance Color & Chemical Co 

Allied Chemical i Dye Corp. : 

Barrett Div 



General Chemical Div 

National Aniline Div 

Nitrogen Div 

Semet-Solvay Petrochemical Div 

Solvay Process Div 

All-Tex Specialties Co 

Alox Corp 

Althouse Chemical Co., Ino 

Amalgamated Chemical Corp 

American Alcolac Corp 

American Aniline & Extract Co. , Inc 

American Bio-Synthetics Corp 

American Chemical Paint Co 

American Cyanamid Co 



American Maize Products Co 

American Marietta Co 

Ferbert-Schomdorfer Co. Div 

American Oil Co. (Texas) 

American Potash & Chemical Corp 

American Rock Wool Corp 

American Synthetic Rubber Corp 

American Viscose Corp 

Film Div ■ 

Amoco Chemicals Corp 

Anderson Chemical Co 

Ansbacher-Siegle Corp 

Ansul Chemical Co 

Apex Chemical Co., Inc 

Appleton Coated Paper Co 

Arapahoe Chemicals, Inc., St Arapahoe 

Special Products, Inc. 
Aroher-Daniele-Midland Co 

Arco Co 

Amour & Co. : 

Chemical Div 

Armour Laboratories Div 

Armstrong Cork Co 

Arnold, Hoffman 4 Co. , Inc 

Astra Pharmaceutical Products, Inc-- 

Atlantic Chemical Corp 

Atlantic Refining Co 

Atlas Powder Co 

Aquaness Dept 

Atlas Processing Co 

Atlas Refinery, Inc 

Baker Castor Oil Co 



14th St. and Sheridan Rd. , North Chicago, 111. 

1401 Circle Ave., Forest Park, 111. 

66 Lister Ave., Newark 5, N. J. 

500 Jersey Ave., New Brunswick (Jersey City), N. J. 

150 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (Calvert City, 

Ky. , and Bound Brook, N. J.). 
Trenton Ave. and William St., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 
72-76 Putnam St., Paterson 4, N. J. (Los Angeles, Calif.). 
3242 S. 50th Ave., Cicero 50, 111. 
33 Avenue P, Newark 5, N. J. 

40 Rector St., New York 6, N. Y. (Fairfield, Ala.; Calumet 
City and Chicago, 111. ; Detroit, Mich. ; Edgewater and 
Whippany, N. J.; Greensboro, N. C; Ironton, Toledo, and 
Youngstown, Ohio; and Bethlehem, Frankford, and Philadel- 
phia, Pa.). 

40 Rector St., New York 6, N. Y. (Nichols, Calif.; Danville, 
111.; Baton Rouge, La.; Baltimore, Md.; Buffalo, N. Y.; 
and Marcus Hook, Pa.) 

40 Rector St., New York 6, N. Y. (Buffalo, N. Y.; Hopewell, 
Va.; and Moundsville, W. Va.). 

40 Rector St., New York 6, N. Y. (Omaha, Nebr.; South Point, 
Ohio; and Orange, Tex, ) . 

40 Rector St., New York 6 (Tonawanda), N. Y. 

P. 0. Box 271, Syracuse 1 (Solvay Village), N. Y. 

65 Kfeadow St., Warwick, R. I. 

3943 Buffalo Ave., Niagara Falls, N. Y. 

540 Pear St. , Reading, Pa. 

Ontario and Rorer Sts., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 

34^0 Fairfield Rd. , Baltimore 26, Ml. 

Venango and F Sts., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 

710 W. National Ave., Milwaukee 4, Wis. 

Ambler, Pa. 

30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York 20, N. Y. (Azusa, Calif.; 
Stamford and Wallingford, Conn.; Avondale, La.; Bound 
Brook, Linden, Newark, Princeton, and Woodbrldge, N. J.; 
Pearl River, N. Y.; Charlotte, N. C; Marietta, Ohio; 
Brldgevllle, Pa.; Damascus, Va. ; and Willow Island, W. Va.). 

250 Park Ave. , New York 17, N. Y. 

3400 13th Ave., S.W. , Seattle 4, Wash. 

12815 Elmwood Ave. , Cleveland 11, Ohio. 

P. 0. Box 401, Texas City, Tex. 

3030 W. 6th St., Los Angeles 54, Calif. 

401 Arlington Ave., Torrance, Calif. 

P. 0. Box 360, Louisville 1, Ky. 

1617 Pennsylvania Blvd., Philadelphia 3 (Xfeadville), Pa. 

Fredericksburg, Va. 

P. 0. Box 1712, Brownsville, Tex. 

3940 S'jmmlt St., Weston, Mich. 

92 Chestnut Ave., Staten Island 5, N. Y. 

1 Stanton St., Marinette, Wis. 

200 S. First St. , Elizabethport, N. J. 

1200 N. Meade St., J^pleton, Wis. 

2800 Pearl St., Boulder, Colo. 

700 Investors Bldg., Minneapolis 2, Minn. (Los Angeles, 
Calif.; Pensacola, Fla.; Minneapolis, Minn.; and Newark, 
N. J.). 

7301 Bessemer Ave., Cleveland 27, Ohio. 

1355 W. 31st St., Chicago 9 (kfcCook), 111. 

Box 511, Kankakee, 111. 

W. Liberty St., Lancaster (Pittsburgh), Pa. 

55 Canal St., Providence 1, R. I. (Dlghton, Mass.; Charlotte, 

N. C; and Cincinnati, Ohio). 
7 1/2 Neponset St., Worcester 6, Mass. 
153 Prospect St., Passaic (Nutley), N. J. 
260 S. Broad St., Philadelphia 1, Pa. (Port Arthur, Tex.). 
New Murray Road 8: Concord Pike, Wilmington 99, Del. (Atlas 

Point, Del.; Tamaqua, Pa.; Memphis, Tenn.; and Houston, 

Tex. ) . 
Houston 26, Tex. 
P. 0. Box 1786, Shreveport, La. 
142 Lookwood St., Newark 5, N. J. 
120 Broadway, New York 5, N. Y. (Los Angeles, Calif., and 

Bayonne, N. J.). 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



165 



TABLE 27. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Di 



ifacturers, J956- -Continued 



Name of caaspany 



Office address ( location of plant given In 
parentheses If not In same city as office) 



Baker, J. T. , Qiemloal Co- 

Taylor Chemical Dlv 

Barium Reduction Corp 

Bates Chemical Co 

Beech-Nut Life Savers, Ino 

Belle Chemical Co., Inc 

Bennett's 

Benzol Products Co 

Berk, F. W., & Co., Inc 

Berkeley Chemical Corp 

Berkshire Color & Chemical Co 

Blo-Rad Laboratories 

Bios Laboratories, Ino 

Bird & Son, Inc., Floor Covering Dlv- 

Blackman Brands, Inc 

Booty Reslneers, Inc 

Borden Co., Chemical Dlv 



Borg-Wamer Corp. , Marbon Chemical 
Div. 

Bristol Laboratories, Inc 

Brooklyn Color Works, Inc 

Brown Co 

Brovm, Andrew, Co 

Bruder, M. A., & Sons, Inc 

Bryant Chemical Corp 

Buckeye Cellulose Corp 

Buckman Laboratories, Ino 

Burkart-Schier Chemical Co 

Burroughs-Wellcome & Co. (U.S.A.), Inc 

Bush, W. J., k Co., Ino 

Cabot, Godfrey L., Inc 

Cabot, Samuel, Inc. 

Cadet Chemical Corp 

Calhlo Chemicals, Inc 

California Ink Co., Inc 

California-Spray Chemical Corp 

Calllson, I. P., & Sons, Inc 

Calvert-Mount Wlnans Co 

Capital Plastics, Inc 

Carlisle Chemical Works, Inc 

Carpenter-Morton Co 

Carus Chemical Co., Inc 

Carwin Co 

Gary Chemicals, Inc 

Catalin Corp. of America 

Celanese Corp. of America 

Marco Products Div 

Chase Chemical Corp 

Chemagro Corp 

Chemical Insecticide Corp 

Chemical Manufacturing Co., Ino 

Chemical Process Co 

Chemico, Inc 

Chemlek Laboratories, Inc 

Chemo-Puro Manufacturing Corp 

Chemstrand Corp 

Chllds Pulp Colors, Inc 

Clba Pharmaceutical Products, Inc 

Clba Products Corp 

Cincinnati Chemical Works 

Cities Service Oil Co 

City Chemical Corp 

Cleary, W. A., Corp 

Clinton Com Processing Co 

Clover Chemical Co 

Coastwise Petroleum Co 

Cockerllle, F. - 

Colgate-Palmolive Co 

Collett-Week Corp 

Collway Colors, Inc 

Colton Chemical Co. , Dlv. of Air 

Reduction Co., Inc. 
Columbia Organic Chemicals, Inc 



600 N. Broad St., Phillipsburg, N. J. 

600 N. Broad St., PhilUpsburg, N. J. (Penn Yan, N. Y.). 

P. 0. Box 8097, S. Charleston 3, W. Va. 

Scottdale Rd. , Lansdowne, Pa. 

Canajoharle, N. Y. 

534 Pearl St. , Reading, Pa. 

65 W. First St., South, Salt Lake City 10, Utah. 

237 South St., Newark 5 (Nixon), N. J. 

Park PI. , E. , Wood-Ridge, N. J. 

II Summit Ave., Berkeley Heights, N. J. 
250 Delawanna Ave., Delawanna, N. J. 

800 Delaware St., Berkeley 9, Calif. 
17 W. 60th St., New York 23, N. Y. 
East Walpole (Norwood), Mass. 

III Wesley St., S. Hackensack, N. J. 
A2 S. 3d St., Newark, Ohio. 

350 Madison Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Demopolls, Ala.; Los 
Angeles and Santa Barbara, Calif.; Chicago and Illiopolis, 
111.; Leominster and Peabody, Mass.; Middlesex, N. J.; 
Bainbrldge, N. Y. ; Kernersvllle, N. C. ; Philadelphia, Pa.; 
Seattle, Wash.; and Browntown and Springfield, Wis.). 

7165 Chicago Ave., Gary, Ind. 

P. 0. Box 657, Syracuse 1, N. Y. 

Morgan & Norman Aves., Brooklyn 22, N. Y. 

650 Main St. , BerUn, N. H. 

5';31 District Blvd., Los Angeles 22, Calif. 

52d and Grays Ave., Philadelphia 43, Pa. 

6 North St., N. Quincy 71, Mass. 

P. 0. Box 539, Cincinnati 1, Ohio (Memphis, Tenn.). 

1256 N. McLean, Menjihis 8, Tenn. 

1228 Chestnut St., Chattanooga 2, Tenn. 

Scarsdale Rd. , Tuckahoe 7, N. Y. 

137 Boston Post Rd., Cos Cob, Conn. (Linden, N. J.). 

77 Franklin St., Boston 10, Mass. 

141 Milk St., Boston 9 (Chelsea), Mass. 

Burt, N. Y. 

380 Madison Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Perry, Ohio). 

545 Sansome St., San Francisco 11 (Berkeley), Calif. 

Lucas and Ortho Way, Richmond 4, Calif. 

801 Lloyd Bldg., Seattle 1 (Chehalls), Wash. 
2325 Annapolis Ave., Baltimore 30, Md. 

1032 Sibley Tower Bldg., Rochester 4, N. Y. (Brodhead, Wis.). 

West St., Reading 15, Ohio. 

376 3d St., Everett 49, Mass. 

1375 8th St., LaSalle, 111. 

Stiles Lane, North Haven, Conn. 

fiyders Lane, E. Brunswick, N. J. 

1 Park Ave., New York 16, N. Y. (Calumet City, 111.; Fords, 

N. J.; and Ihomasville, N. C). 
180 Madison Ave., New York 16, N. Y. (Amcelle, IB.; Celriver, 

S. C; Bishop and PBTtipa, Tex.; Celco, Va. ; and Point 

Pleasant, W. Va. ) . 
290 Ferry St., Newark 5 (Linden), N. J. 
3527 anallman St. , Pittsburgh 1, Pa. 
437 5th Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Pittsburgh, Pa.). 
129 Montague St., Brooklyn 1, N. Y. (Metuohen, N. J.). 
Megonko Rd., Ashland, Mass. 
1901 Spring St. , Redwood City, Calif. 
2508 E. Bailey Rd., Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio. 
4040 W. 123d St., Worth, 111. 
150 Doremus Ave., Newark 5, N. J. 
Courtland Hwy., Decatur, Ala. (Gonzales, Fla.). 
43 S'jmmlt St. , Brooklyn 31, N. Y. 
556 Morris Ave., Summit, N. J. 
Kimberton, Pa. 

See Toms Rlver-Cinolnnatl Chemical Corp. 
Cities Service Bldg., Bartlesville (Tallant), Okla. 
132 W. 22d St., New York 11, N. Y. (Jersey City, N. J.). 
"Clearacres, " Rt. 27, Franklin Township, N. J. 
Clinton, Iowa. 

P. 0. Box 10865, Pittsburgh 36, Pa. 
1127 Mtmsey Bldg., Baltimore 2, Md. (Goodhope, La.). 
Greenwood, Va. 
300 Park Ave., New York 22, N. Y. (Berkeley, Calif.; 

Jeffersonville, Ind.; Kansas City, Kans.; and Jersey City, 

N. J.). 
(Joimby St., Ossining, N. Y. 
15 Market St. , Paterson 1, N. J. 
1747 Chester Ave., Cleveland 14, Ohio (Elkton, Mi.). 

1012 Drake St., Columbia 5 (Cedar Terrace), S. C. 



166 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

TABLE 27. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1956 --Continued 



I 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



Connnercial Solvents Corp 

Commonwealth Color & Chemical Co 

Concord Chemical Co., Ino 

Consolidated Paint Co 

Continental-Diamond Fibre Corp 

Continental Oil Co 

Cook Paint & Varnish Co 

Coopers Creek Chemical Corp 

Copolymer Rubber i Chemical Corp 

Corn Products Refining Co 

Cosden Petroleum Corp 

Cowles Chemical Co 

Crosby Chemicals, Inc 

Crown Central Petroleum Corp 

Crown Chemical Co. , Div. of Joseph 

Turner & Co. 

Crown Chemical Corp 

Crownoil Chemical Co., Inc 

Crown Tar & Chemical Works, Inc 

Crown Zellerbach Corp 

Cutter Laboratories 

Dakota Briquets & Tar Products, Ino— 

Davis, H. B. , Co 

Dawe's Laboratories, Inc 

Deecy Products Co 

Deere & Co., Grand River Chemical Div 

Delaware Chemicals, Inc 

Delta Chemical Works, Inc 

DePaul Chemical Co., Ino 

Detrex Chemical Industries, Inc 

Dewey & Almy Chemical Co. , Div. of 

W. R. Grace & Co. 

Dexter Chemical Corp 

Diamond Alkali Co 

Diversey Corp 

Dodd, Donald A 

Dominion Products, Inc 

Douglas Chemical Corp 

Dow Chemical Co 

Dow Coming Corp 

Drew, E. F. , & Co., Ino 

Drug Processors, Inc 

duPont de Nemours, E. I., & Co., Inc- 



Dye Specialties Corp., Ino 

I^kem Co 

Eaklns, J. S., & W. R. , Ino 

Eastern States Chemical Corp 

Eastman Kodak Co- 

Tennessee Eastman Co. Div •— — . 

Texas Eastman Co. Div 

Edison, ITiamas A., Inc., Medical Gas 

Div. 

Query Industries, Inc 

Qnkay Chemical Co 

Qmilsol Chemical Corp 

Endo Laboratories, Ino 

Esso Standard Oil Co 

Loiilsiana Div 

Ethyl Corp 

Ethyl-Dow Chemical Co 

Evans Chemetics, Ino 

Falnnount Chemical Co. , Inc -- 



260 Madison Ave., New York 16, N. Y. (Agnew, Calif.; Peoria, 
111.; Terre Haute, Ind.; Harvey and Sterlington, La.). 

3240 Grace Ave., New York 69, N. Y. 

205 S. 2d St., Camden, N. J. 

3101 E. 11th St., Los Angeles 23, Calif. 

70 S. Chapel St., Newark, Del. (Bridgeport, Pa.). 

1000 S. Pine St., Ponoa City, Okla. 

P. 0. Box 389, Kansas City 41, Mo. 

River Rd., W. Conshohooken, Pa. 

P. 0. Box 2591, Baton Rouge 1, La. 

17 Battery PI., New York 4, N. Y. (Argo, 111.). 

P. 0. Box 1311, Big Spring, Tex. 

7016 Euclid Ave., Cleveland 3, Ohio (Skaneateles Falls, 
N. Y.). 

Box 111, Picayune, Miss. (De Ridder, La.). 

American Bldg., Baltimore 3, Md. (Houston, Tex.). 

Pleasantview Terrace, Mdgefield, N. J. 

240 India St., Providence 3, R. I. 

2-lA 49th Ave., Long Island City 1, N. Y. 

900 Wewatta St., Denver 4, Colo. 

343 Sansome St., San Francisco 19, Calif. 

4th and Parker Sts. , Berkeley 1, Calif. 

Box 446, Dickinson, N. Dak. 

Bush & Severn Sts., Baltimore 30, Mi. 

4800 S. Richmond St., Chicago 32, 111. (Newaygo, Mich.). 

120 Potter St., Cambridge 42, Mass. 

Pry or, Okla. 

50 Murray St., Staten Island 9, N. Y. 

23 W. 60th St., New York 23, N. Y. 

44-27 Purvis St., Long Island City 1, N. Y. 

Box 501, Detroit, Mich. (Ashtabula, Ohio) . 

62 Whlttemore Ave., Cambridge 40 (Acton), Mass. 

819 Edgewater Rd. , New York 59, N. Y. 

300 Union Commerce Bldg., Cleveland 14, Ohio (Newark, N. J.; 
Painesville, Ohio; Houston and Pasadena, Tex.; and Belle, 
W. Va.). 

1820 N. Roscoe St., Chicago 13, 111. 

Rt. 5, Box 621, Everett, Wash. 

10-40 44th Dr. , Long Island City 1, N. Y. 

1624 Darrow Ave., Evanston, 111. 

Midland, Mich. (Pittsburg and Torrance, Calif.; Gales Perry, 
Conn.; and Freeport, Tex.). 

Box 592, Midland, Mich. 

15 E. 26th St., New York 10, N. Y. (Boonton, N. J.). 

1219 E. Church St., Adrian, Mich. 

10th and Market Sts., Wilmington 98, Del. (Birmingham, Ala.; 
Antioch and S. San Francisco, Calif.; Louviera, Colo.; 
Fairfield, Conn.; Edge Xfoor, Newport, and Seaford, Del.; 
Tucker, Ga.; Chicago and Seneca, 111.; E. Chicago and Fort- 
ville, Ind.; Clinton and Ft. Madison, Iowa; Louisville and 
Wurtland, Ky. ; Baltimore, Md.; Everett and Leominster, Jfass.; 
Ecorse, Flint, Montague, and Wyandotte, Mich.; Carl Junction, 
Md. ; Arlington, Carney's Point, Deepwater Point, Glbbs- 
town, Kearny, Linden, Newark, Parlin, Perth Amboy, and 
Pon5)ton Lakes, N. J.; Buffalo, Dresden, Newburgh, Niagara 
Falls, and Rochester, N. Y. ; Kingston, N.C.; Circlevllle, 
Cleveland, Columbia Park, and Toledo, Ohio; Moosic, Phila- 
delphia, and Towanda, Pa. ; Camden, S. C. ; Chattanooga, 
Columbia, Memphis, and Old Hickory, Tenn.; Beaumont, LaPorte, 
Orange, and Victoria, Tex.; Martinsville, Richmond, and 
Waynesboro, Va.; DuPont, Wash.; Belle, Charleston, Martins- 
burg, and Parkersburg, W. Va.; and Barksdale, Wis.). 

26 Journal Sq. , Jersey City 6, N. J. 

2307 N. nth St., St. Louis 6, Mo. 

55 Berry St., Brooklyn 11, N. Y. 

P. 0. Box 5008, Harrlsburg Sta. , HouBton 12, Tex. 

343 State St., Rochester 4, N. Y. 

Eastman Rd. , Kingsport, Tenn. 

P. 0. Box 2068, Longview, Tex. 

P. 0. Box 15, Stuyvesant Fills, N. Y. 

4300 Carew Tower, Cincinnati 2, Ohio. 
319 2d St., Elizabeth 1, N. J. 
75 E. Wacker Dr., Chicago 1, 111. 
84-40 101st St., Richmond Hill 18, N. Y. 
P. 0. Box 23, Linden, N. J. 
P. 0. Box 551, Baton Rouge 1, La. 

100 Park Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Baton Rouge, La.; Orange- 
burg, S. C; and Pasadena, Tex.). 
Midland, Mich. (Freeport, Tex.). 
250 E. 43d St., New York 17 (Waterloo), N. Y. 
600 Ferry St., Newark 5, N. J. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 

TABLE 27 .--Synthetic organic chemicals: directory of manufacturers, 1956 --Continued 



167 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses If not in same city as office) 



Farley & Loetscher Manufacturing Co— 

P&rmeTs' Chemical Co 

ftorington, W. U. , Estate of 

plederal Color Laboratories, Ino 

Pelton Chemical Co., Inc 

Ferro Chemical Corp — 

Fiber Chemical Cqrp 

Fiberboard Paper Products Corp. , Pab- 

co Paint Div. 

Fine Colors Co 

Fine Organios, Inc 

Flnetex, Inc 

Firestone Tire & Rubber Co 

Firestone Plastics Co. Div 

Florasynth Laboratories, Inc 

Florida Molasses Corp 

Food Machinery & Chemical Corp: 

Fairfield Chemical Div 

Niagara Chemical Div 

Ohio- Apex Div, 

Westvaoo Chlor-AUcali Div. , West- 
vaoo Mineral Products Div . , and 
Chemical Divisions Management. 
Fbremost Food & Chemical Co., El 

Dorado Div. 

Foster-Heaton Co 

France, Campbell & Darling, Inc 

Freeman Chemical Corp 

Fries Bros., Inc 

Frltzsche Brothers, Inc 

Frontier Chemical Co. , Div. of Union 

Chemical & Materials Corp. 

Fuller, W. P., & Co 

Gallowhur Chemical Corp 

Gamma Chemical Corp 

Gane's Chemical Works, Inc 

Geigy Chemical Corp 

General Aniline Sc Film Corp., Hye- 

stuff Sc Chemical Div. 

General Color Co., Ino 

General Electric Co. : 

Chemical Materials Dept 

Silicone Products Dept 

General Foods Corp., Maxwell House 

Div. 

General Mills, Inc 

General Petroleum Corp 

General Tire & Rubber Co. , Chemical 

Div. 

George, P. D. , Co 

Oilman Paint & Varnish Co 

Givaudan Corp- 

Glidden Co 

Glyco Products Co., Inc 

Goodrich, B. F. , Co. : 

Goodrich, B. F. , Chemical Co. Div-- 



Goodrich-Gu-u' Chemicals, Ino 

Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co 

Goodyear Synthetic Rubber Corp 

Pathfinder Chemical Corp 

Grace Chemical Co. , Div. of W. R. 
Grace & > ^. 

Grain Processing Corp 

Grand Rapids Varnish Corp 

Great Southern Chemical Corp 

Great Western Sugar Co 

Greenwood Textile Supply Co -- 

Gulf Oil Corp 

Guyaji Color & Chemical Works 

Halby Products Co., Inc 

Hall, C. P., Co. of Illinois 

Hampden Color & Chemical Co 

Hanna Paint Manufacturing Co., Indus- 
trial Div. 

Harbor Pl;ywood Corp 

Harshaw Chemical Co 

Harsyd Chemicals, Inc 



7th and V/hite Sts., Dubuque, Iowa. 
3713 W. Main St., Kalamazoo, Mich. 
Division St., E. Greenwich (Warwick), R. I. 
-1633 Forest Ave., Norwood, Cincinnati 12, Ohio. 
599 Johnson Ave., Brooklyn 37, N. Y. 
450 Krick fid.. Box 349, Bedford, Ohio. 
P. 0. Box 218, Matawan (Cllffwood), N. J. 
P. 0. Box 4314, Oakland ( Dneryville) , Calif. 

21-29 MoBride Ave., Paterson 1, N. J. 

211 E. 19th St., New York 3, N. Y. (Lodi, N. J.). 

418 F&lmouth Ave., E. Paterson, N. J. 

381 W. Wllbeth Rd. , Akron 1, Ohio (Lake Charles, La.). 

P. 0. Box 690, Pottstown, Pa. 

900 Van Nest Ave., New York 62, N. Y. 

Box 366, Aubumdale (Lake Alfred and Winter Garden), Fla. 

1700-1901 Patapsoo Ave., Baltimore 26, m. 
100 Niagara St., Middleport, N. Y. (Arsenal, Ark.). 
Nitro, W. Va. 

161 E. 42d St. , New York 17, N. 
S. Charleston, W. Va.). 



( Newark, Calif. , and 



P. 0. Box 599, Oakland 4, Calif. 

16 E. 5th St., Paterson 4, N. J. 

Michigan Ave. , Kenilworth, N. J. 

211 E. Main St., Port Washington (Saukville), Wis. 

Rt. 17, P. 0. Box 8, Carlstadt, N. J. 

76 9th Ave., New York 11, N. Y. (Clifton, N. J.). 

Box 545, Wichita, Kans. 

P. 0. Box 111, S. San Francisco, Calif. 

N. Water St., Ossining, N. Y. 

220 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (Great hfeadows, N. J.). 

677 5th Ave., New York 22, N. Y. (Carlstadt, N. J.). 

P. 0. Box 430, Yonkers, N. Y. (Cranston, R. I.). 

230 Park Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Calvert City, Ky. ; Linden, 

N. J.; and Rensselaer, N. Y. ). 
24 Ave. B, Newark 5, N. J. 

1 Plastics Ave., Pittsfield, Mass. (Anaheim, Calif.; 

Pittsfield, Mass.; Schenectady, N. Y.; and Coshocton, 

Ohio). 
Waterford, N. Y. 
1125 Hudson St., Hoboken, N. J. 

400 2d Ave., S. , Minneapolis 1, Minn. 

612 S. Flower St. , Los Angeles 54, Calif. 

1708 Englewood Ave., Akron (Ashtabula and Mogadore) , Ohio. 

5200 N. 2d St., St. Louis 7, Mo. 

216 W. 8th St., Chattanooga 1, Tenn. 

109-201 Delawanna Ave. , Delawanna, N. J. 

900 Union Commerce Bldg., Cleveland 14, Ohio (San Francisco, 
Calif.; Jacksonville, Fla.; Chicago, 111.; New Orleans, 
La. ; Minneapolis, Minn. ; Cleveland, Ohio; and Reading, Pa. ). 

Bnpire State Bldg., New York 1, N. Y. (Williamsport, Pa.). 

3135 Euclid Ave., Cleveland 15, Ohio (Calvert City and 

Louisville, Ky. ; Haledon and Kearny, N. J.; Niagara Falls, 
N. Y.; and Akron and Avon Lake Village, Ohio). 

3121 Euclid Ave., Cleveland 15, Ohio (Port Neches, Tex., 
and Institute, W. Va.). 

1144 E. Market St., Akron 16, Ohio. 

P. 0. Box 5397, Houston, Tex. 

5408 Baker Ave., Niagara Falls, N. Y. 

P. 0. Box 4906, Memphis 7, Tenn. 

1600 Oregon St. , Muscatine, Iowa. 

1350 Steele Ave., S.W., Grand Rapids 2, KUch. 

P. 0. Box 4166, Corpus Christi, Tex. 

P. 0. Box 5308, Terminal Annex, Denver (Johnstown), Colo. 

27 Meadow St., Warwick, R. I. 

Gulf Bldg., Pittsburgh 30, Pa. 

Box 1088, Huntington, W. Va. 

P. 0. Box 366, Wilmington 99, Del. 

51A5 W. 67th St. , Chicago 38, 111. 

5 Albany St., Springfield 1, Mass. 

1313 Windsor Ave. , Columbus 16, Ohio. 

Box 940, Aberdeen, Wash. 

1945 E. 97th St., Cleveland 6, Ohio (Gloucester City, N. J.). 

397 W. 21st St., Holland, Mich. 



168 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE T.-Syntheti 



lie chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 7956- -Continued 







Office address (location of plant given in 


No. 


Name of company 


parentheses if not in same city as office ) 


2i3 




1440 Broadway, New York 18, N. Y. (Jersey City, N. J.). 




67 


Hartman-Leddon Co 


5821 Market St., Philadelphia 39, Pa. 


619 


Helene Curtis Industries, Ino 


4401 W. North Ave., Chicago 39, 111. 


212 


Hercules Powder Co 


900 Market St., Wilmington 99, Del. (Bruns-(rlok,Ga.; Mansfield 
Mass.; Hattiesburg, Miss.; Burlington, Kenvil, and Parlin, 
N. J.; and Hopewell, Va.). 


255 


Heresite & Chemical Co 


822 S. 14th St., Manitowoc, Wis. 


490 


Hexagon Laboratories, Inc 


3536 Peartree Ave., New York 69, N. Y. 


501 
578 




342 Madison Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Fords and Garfield, 

N. J.). 
1754 22d St., Santa ^tonica, Calif. 


H. M. Chemical Co 


A% 


Hoffmann- LaRoche, Inc 


324-424 Kingsland Rd., Nutley 10, N. J. 


555 
'160 




P. 0. Box 16U, Springfield, Mo. 
492 Douglas Ave., Holland, Mich. 


Holland Color Sc Chemical Co 


468 


Hooker Electrochemical Co 


Buffalo Ave. & 47th St. , Niagara Falls, N. Y. 


421 


Darez Plastics Div 


Walck Rd., N. Tonawanda, N. Y. 


187 


Oldbury Products 


5001 Buffalo Ave., Niagara Falls, N. Y. 


497 


Houghton, E. F. , & Co 


303 W. Lehigh Ave., Philadelphia 33, Pa. 


393 


Hugglns, James, & Son, Inc 


239 Medford St., Maiden 48, Mass. 


434 


Humble Oil & Refining Co 


P. 0. Box 2180, Houston 1 (Baytown), Tex. 


102 


Humphrey-Wilkinson, Ino 


DeVine St., North Haven, Conn. 


379 


Huron Milling Co - 


Harbor Beach, Mich. 


34 


Hynson, Westoott & Dunning, Inc 


Charles 4 Chase Sts., Baltimore 1, Md. 


531 


Imperial Paper & Color Corp. , Pigment 
Color Div. 


P. 0. Box 231, Glens Falls, N. Y. 


394 


Industrial E(yestuff Co 


Massasoit Ave. & Dexter Rd., P. 0. Box 4249, E. Providence 

14, R. I. 
215 S. Laurens St. , Greenville, S. C. 


383 


Industrial Products, Ino 


68 


Inland Steel Container Co- 

Interchemioal Corp.: 


6532 S. Menard Ave., Chicago 38, 111. 


209 


Finishes Div- 


224 McWhorter St., Newark 1, N. J. (Los Angeles, 

Calif.; Chicago, 111.; Elizabeth and Newark, N. J.; and 
Cincinnati, Ohio). 


430 


Textile Colors Div 


150 Wagaraw Rd., Hawthorne, N. J. 


110 


International Minerals & Chemical 


20 N. Wacker Dr., Chicago 6, 111. (San Jose, Calif.; 




Corp. 


Skokie, 111.; and Niagara Falls, N. Y.). 


618 


International Paper Co 


220 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (Corinth, N. Y., and 
York Haven, Pa. ) . 


136 


Ironsides Co 


270 W. Mound St. (P. 0. Box 1999), Columbus 16, Ohio. 


405 


Jefferson Chemical Co., Ino 


P. 0. Box 303, Houston (Port Neohes) , Tex. 


544 




Box M, Station E, Toledo 9, Ohio. 




613 


Jergens, Andrew, Co 


2535 Spring Grove Ave. , Cincinnati 14, Ohio. 


111 


Jones-Dabney Co 


W81 S. 11th St., Louisville 8, Ky. 


239 


Jordan, Jr., W. H. , & F. , Manufac- 
turing Co. 


2126 E. Somerset St. , Philadelphia 34, Pa. 


425 


Kali Manufacturing Co- - - 


427 E. Moyer St., Philadelphia 25, Pa. 


52 
330 
103 




19 S. Canal St., Lawrence, Mass. 

180 Madison Ave., New York 16 (West Haverstraw) , N. Y. 

40 Oliver St., Boston 10 (Everett), Mass. 




Kehew-Bradley Co 


317 


Kelly, John F. , Co 


956 Bransten Rd. (Box 791), San Carlos, Calif. 


518 


Kendall Refining Co 

Kennecott Copper Corp. : 


77 N. Kendall Ave., Bradford, Pa. 


88 


Chino Mines Div 


Hurley, N. Mex. 


450 


Utah Copper Div 


310 Keams Bldg., Salt Lake City 10 (Arthur and 
Magna), Utah. 


219 


Kentucky Color & Chemical Co 


600 N. 34th St., Louisville 12, Ky. 


359 


Kessler Chemical Co., Inc 


State Rd. and Cottman Ave., Philadelphia 35, Pa. 


351 




R. D. #1, Bethlehem, Pa. 




74 


Keystone Color Works, Inc 


151 W. Gay Ave. , York, Pa. 


548 


Keystone Paint & Varnish Corp 


71 Otsego St. , Brooklyn 31, N. Y. 


448 
539 




101 Canal St., Lock Haven, Pa. 

436 Clementina St., San Francisco 3, Calif. 


King, 0. L., & Co 


35 


Knoedler Chemical Co 


651 High St., Lancaster 1, Pa. 


192 


Kohnstamm, H., & Co., Ino 


87 Park PI., New York 7 (Brooklyn), N. Y. 


597 




600 Doremus Ave., Newark 5, N. J. 


Koppers Co. , Inc.; 


604 


American Aniline Products 


Koppers Bldg. , 430 7th Ave. , Pittsburgh 19, Pa. 


367 


Chemical Div 


Koppers Bldg., 430 7th Ave., Pittsburgh 19, Pa. 
(Berkeley Hts., N. J.; Kobuta, Oil City, and 
Petrolia, Pa.; and Port Arthur, Tex.). 


367 


Tar Products Div 


Koppers Bldg. , 430 7th Ave. , Pittsburgh 19, Pa. 

(Woodward, Ala.; Fontana, Calif.; New Haven, Conn.; 
Chicago, 111.; Chalmette, La.; Bangor and Portland, 
Maine; Everett and Westfield, Mass.; St. Paul, Minn.; 
Kearny and Westfield, N. J.; Buffalo, Rochester, and 
Utica, N. Y. ; Hamilton, Warren, and Youngstown, Ohio; 
Swedeland and Swissvale, Pa.; E. Providence, R. I.; 
Memphis, Tenn.; Houston, Tex.; Follansbee, W. Va.; 
and Carrollville, Wis.). 


588 


Krishell Laboratories, Inc 


1735 S. E. Powell Blvd., Portland 6, Oreg. 


41 


Krumbhaar Chemical Co., Ino 


24-30 Jacobus Ave., S. Kearny, N. J. 


615 


Krystall Chemical Co 


2108 N. Southport Ave., Chicago lA, 111. 


75 
137 
23 




2d 4 Boston Sts., Everett 49, Mass. 
1707 E. North Ave., Milwaukee 1, Wis. 
603 W. Davenport St., Rhinelander, Wis. 




Lake States Yeast Corp 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



169 



TABLE 27. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of 



jfacturers, i956- -Continued 



Name of oorapaiiy 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



LaMotte Chemical Products Co 

Laros, R. K. , Co 

LaSalle Chemical Co 

Laurel Soap Manufacturing Co., Inc-- 

Leatex Chemical Co- 

Lebanon Chemical Corp 

Lebec Chemical Corp 

Leffingwell Chemical Co- 

Lemke, B. L. , i Co., Inc 

Leonard Refineries, Inc. , Roosevelt 
Div. 

Lever Brothers Co- 

Lever, C. , Co., Inc 

Levey, Fred'k. H., Co., Inc 

Lewis Tar Products Co 

Lilly, Eli, & Co- - 

Lobica-Debruille, Inc 

Long, Charles R. , Jr., Co- 

Loven Chemical Co. of California 

Lubrizol Corp 

Lueders, George, i Co 

Lyle Branchflower Co 

Maas Sc Waldstein Co 

Magnolia Petroleum Co 

Magruder Color Co., Inc 

Mallinckrodt ChenlcEil Works 

Marathon Corp. , Chemical Sales Dept- 

Marblette Corp 

Marden-Wild Corp — ■ 

Marlowe-Van Loan Corp -■ 

Marx, Max, Color & Chemical Co 

Maryland Plastics, Inc 

Maumee Chemical Co- 

May, Otto B. , Inc 

Maywood Chemical Works 

McCloskey Varnish Co 

McGean Chemical Co- 

Medical Chemicals Corp 

Merck & Co., Inc 

Merichem Co 

Jiterrell, Wm. S. , Co - ■ 

(feta Chemical Corp 

Ifetalsalts Corp 

Metro- Atlantic, Inc 

Metro Eyestuff Corp 

Meyer, J., & Sons, Inc 

Michigan Chemical Corp 

Midland Industrial Finishes Co 

Miles Laboratories, Inc 

Mineral Oil Refining Co 

Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Co 
Irvington Chemical Div. 

Minnesota Paints, Inc 

Miranol Chemical Co., Inc 

Ktobay Chemical Co 

Monsanto Chemical Co 



Montrose Chemical Co 

Montrose Chemical Corp. of California 

Moretex Chemical Products 

Morton-Withers Chemical Co 

Marwear Paint Co 

National Biochemical Co 

National Chlorophyll & Chemical Co., 
Div. of Hofmann Industries, Inc. 

National Distillers Products Corp- 

National Lead Co 

National Petro-Chemicals Corp 

National Polychemicals, Inc 

National Starch Products, Inc 

Nease Chemical Co., Inc 

Nelson-Wells & Co— — 

Nepera Chemical Co., Inc 

Neville Chemical Co- 



Chestertown, Md. 

Broad & Wood Sts., Bethlehem, Pa. 

21-23 Merseles St., Jersey City 2, N. J. 

Tioga & Thompson Sts., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 

2722 N. Hancock St., Philadelphia 33, Pa. 

P. 0. Box 532, Lebanon, Pa. 

1A066 S. Garfield Ave., Paramount, Calif. 

P. 0. Box 1016, Whittier, Calif. 

199 Main St., Lodi, N. J. 

P. 0. Box 271, Mt. Pleasant, Mich. 

390 Park Ave., New York 22, N. Y. 

Howard and Huntington Sts. , Philadelphia 33, Pa. 

380 Madison Ave., New York 17 (Brooklyn), N. Y. 

P. 0. Box A, lyons (McCook), 111. 

7'10 S. Alabama St. , Indianapolis 6, Ind. 

1841 Broadway, New York 23, N. Y. 

1630 W. Hill St., Louisville 10, Ky. 

2387-4 Pine St., Newhall, CaUf. 

Cleveland 17, Ohio. 

427 Washington St., New York 13 (Brooklyn), N. Y. 

15th Ave., N. W., at Shilshole, Seattle 7, Wash. 

2121 McCarter Hwy. , Newark 4, N. J. 

P. 0. Box 900, Dallas 21 (Beaumont), Tex. 

2385 Richmond Ter., Staten Island 2, N. Y. 

3600 N. 2d St., St. Louis 7, Mo. (Jersey City, N. J.). 

Rothschild, Wis. 

37-21 30th St., Long Island City 1, N. Y. 

500 Columbia St. , Somervllle 43, Mass. 

Box 1851, High Point, N. C. 

188-194 Coit St. , Irvington 11, N. J. 

251 E. Central Ave., Federalsburg (Ridgely), Mi. 

2 Oak St., Toledo 5, Ohio. 

52 Amsterdam St., Newark 5, N. J. 

lOD W. Hunter Ave., Maywood, N. J. 

7600 State Rd. , Philadelphia 36, Pa. 

1040 Midland Bldg., Cleveland 15, Ohio. 

4122 W. Grand Ave., Chicago 51, lU. 

Lincoln Ave., Rahway, N. J. (Albany, Ga. ; 

Rahway, N. J.; Danville, Philadelphia, and 

West Point, Pa.; and Eliton, Va.). 
3101 ftonin St., Houston 4 (Green's Bayou), Tex. 
Galbraith Rd. and Pennsylvania R. R. , 

Cincinnati 15, Ohio. 
214 1/2 Washington Ave., Carlstadt, N. J. 

200 Wagaraw Rd. , Hawthorne, N. J. 
2072 Smith St., Centerdale 11, R. I. 
129 Quidnlck St., West Warwick, R. I. 
4321 N. 4th St. , Philadelphia 40, Pa. 
500 N. Bankson St., St. Louis, Mich. 
E. Water St., Waukegan, 111. 
Elkhart, Ind. 

P. 0. Box 625, Dickinson, Tex. 
500 Doremus Ave., Newark 5, N. J. 

1101 S. 3d St., Minneapolis 15, Minn. 

277 Coit St., Irvington 11, N. J. 

1901 S. 2d St., St. Louis 4, Mo. (New Martins- 
ville, W. Va.). 

800 N. 12th Blvd., St. Louis 1, Ito. (Annistcn, 
Ala.; Long Beach and Santa Clara, Calif.; 
Monsanto, 111.; Kansas City, Kans.; Everett 
and Springfield, Mass.; Trenton, Mich.; 
Camden, N. J.; Texas City, Tex.; Seattle, 
Wash.; and Nitro, W. Va.). 

120 Lister Ave., Newark 5, N. J. 

824 Wilshire Blvd., Los Angeles 17 (Torrance), Calif. 

314 W. Heniy St. , Spartanburg, S. C. 

2110 High Point Rd., Greensboro, N. C. 

568 14th St., Oakland 12, Calif. 

3106 W. Lake St., Chicago 12, 111. 

Sinking Spring, Pa. (Lamar, Colo.). 

See U. S. Industrial Chemicals Co. 

Ill Broadway, New York 6, N. Y. (San Francisco, Calif. 

Perth Amboy, N. J. ; and Philadelphia, Pa. ) . 
Box 109, Tuscola, 111. 
Eames St., Wilmington, Mass. 
270 Madison Ave., New York 16, N. Y. (Iferedosia, 111., 

and Plainfield, N. J.). 
Lock Haven, Pa. 
Box 348, Red Bluff, Calif. 

21 Gray Oaks Ave., Yohkers 2 (Harriman), N. Y. 
Neville Island, Pittsburgh 25, Pa. (Anaheim, Calif.). 



170 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 27. --Synthetic orga 



ry of 



7956- -Continued 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses If not in same city as office) 



New Jersey Zinc Co. (of Pa.) 

Newport Industries, Inc 

New York Color & Chemical Co., Div. of 
American Dyewood Co. 

New York & Pennsylvania Co. , Inc 

New York Quinine & Chemical Works, Inc. 

Nilok Chemicals, Inc 

Ninol Laboratories, Inc 

Nonweiler, A. P., Co 

Nopco Chemical Co., Inc 

Norda Essential Oil & Chemical Co., Inc, 

Northwestern Chemiceil Co 

Norwich Pharmaoal Co 

Nuodex Products Co., Div. of Heyden 

Newport Chemical Co. 
Ohio Chemical Sc Surgical Equipment Co 

Oil & Chemical Products, Inc 

Old Colony Tar Co., Inc 

Old Hickory Chemical Co., Inc 

Olin Mathieson Chemical Corp 

Blockson Chemical Co. Div 

Squibb, E. R. , & Sons Div 

Oryx Oil Sc Chemical Co 

Orbis Products Corp 

Organic Chemical Corp 

Organios, Inc 

Oronite Chemical Co 

Ortho Chemical Corp 

Osborn, C. J., Co 

Ottol Oil Co — - 

Pabst Brewing Co 

Pacific Paint & Varnish Co 

Pacific Yeast Products, Inc 

Paisley Products, Inc 

Pan American Petroleum Corp 

Parke, Davis & Co 

Parsons, M. W. , Plymouth, Inc 

Patent Chemicals, Inc 

Paul-Lewis Laboratories, Inc 

Peck's Products Co 

Peerless Chemical Co 

Peerless Color Co., Inc 

Penick, S. B. , Sc Co 

Pennsalt Chemicals Corp 

Sharpies Chemicals Div 

Pennsylvania Industrial Chemical Corp 

Pennsylvania Refining Co 

Perkins Glue Co 

Permutit Co 

Petroleum Chemicals, Inc 

Petrolite Corp., Tretolite Co. Div — 

Fetro-Tex Chemical Corp 

pfanstiehl Laboratories, Inc 

Pfister Chemical Works, Inc 

Pfizer, Charles, & Co., Inc 

Pharma Chemical Corp 

Phillips Chemical Co - 

Phillips Petroleum Co 

Phoenix Oil Co 

Pilot California Co-- - 

Pitt-Consol Chemical Co 

Pittsburgh Coke & Chemical Co 

Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co 

Planetary Chemical Co., Inc 

Plastics Engineering Co 

Polychemioal Laboratories, Inc 

Poly Resins, Ino 

Portland Gas 4 Coke Co — 

Poughkeepsie Dyestuff Corp 

Pratt Sc Lambert, Ino 

Premium Chemicals, Inc 

Premo Pharaoeutical Laboratories, Inc 



160 Front St., New York 38, N. Y. (Palmerton, Pa.). 

P. 0. Box 911, Pensacola, Fla. 

J&ln & Joralemon Sts., Belleville 9, N. J. 

-425 Park Ave., New York 22, N. Y. 

50 Church St., New York 7, N. Y. (Newark, N. J.). 

2000 College Ave., Niagara I^lls (Lockport), N. Y. 

1719 S. Clinton St. , Chicago 16, 111. 

Box 1007, Oshkosh, Wis. 

1st and Essex Sts., Harrison, N. J. (Richmond, Calif.; 

Cedartown, Ga. ; and Harrison, N. J.). 
601 W. 26th St., New York 1, N. Y. (Boonton, N. J.). 
120 N. Aurora St., West Chicago, 111. 
17 Eaton Ave., Norwich, N. Y. 
830 Magnolia Ave., Elizabeth, N. J. (Long Beach, Calif.). 

1400 E. Washington Ave., Madison 10, Wis. (Cleveland, Ohio). 
295 Madison Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Houston, Tex.). 
500 5th Ave., New York 36, N. Y. (Cambridge, Framingham, 

New Bedford, and Worcester, Mass.). 
P. 0. Box U80, Richmond 12, Va. (Old Hickory, Tenn. ) . 
Mathieson Bldg. , Baltimore 3, liW. (Huntsville and Mcintosh, 

Ala.; Doe Run, Ky.; Lake Charles, La.; Niagara Falls, 

N. Y.; and Morgantown, W. Va.). 
Joliet, 111. 
745 5th Ave., New York 22, N. Y. (New Brunswick, N. J., 

and Brooklyn, N. Y.). 
Warren 4 Morris Sts., Jersey City 2, N. J. 
601 W. 26th St., New York 1, N. Y. (Newark, N. J.). 
74-84 Valley St., E. Providence 14, R. I. 
1724 Greenleaf Ave., Chicago 26, 111. 
200 Bush St., San Francisco 4, Calif. (Oak Point, La.). 
44-26 Purvis St., Long Island City 1, N. Y. 
UOl W. Blanoke St., Linden, N. J. 
455 Cortlandt St., Belleville 9, N. J. 
917 W. Jiineau, Milwaukee 18, Wis, (Peoria, 111.). 
4th and Cedar Sts., Berkeley 10, Calif. 
703 5th St., Wasco, Calif. 
1770 Canalport Ave., Chicago 16, 111. 
Box 591, Tulsa, Okla. (Alvin, Carthage, Katy, Pettus, and 

Sweeny, Tex. ) . 
Foot of Joseph Campau, Detroit 32, Mich. 
59 Beekman St., New York 38 (Brooklyn), N. Y. 
335 McLean Blvd., Pater son 4, N. J. 
4253 N. Port Washington Rd., Milwaukee 12, Wis. 
610 E. Clarence Ave., St. Louis 15, Mo. 
3850 Oakman Blvd., Detroit 4, Mich. 
521-535 North Ave., Plainfield, N. J. 
50 Church St., New York 8, N. Y. (Jersey City, I^yndhurst, 

and Montville, N. J.). 
3 Penn Center Plaza, Philadelphia 2, Pa. (Calvert 

City, Ky. ). 

3 Penn Center Plaza, Philadelphia 2, Pa. (Wyandotte, Mich.). 
120 State St., Clairton (Chester), Pa. 

Butler (Karns City), Pa. 

632 Cannon Ave., Lansdale, Pa. (W. Memphis, Ark.). 

330 W. 42d St., New York 36, N. Y. (Birmingham, N. J.). 

P. 0. Box 6, New Orleans (Lake Charles), La. 

369 Marshall Ave., Webster Groves 19, Mo. 

P. 0. Box 2584, Houston 1, Tex. 

104 Lakeview Ave., Waukegan, 111. 

Foot of Linden Ave., Ridgefield, N. J. 

630 Flushing Ave., Brooklyn 6, N. Y. (Groton, Conn., and 
Vigo, Ind. ) . 

175 5th Ave., New York 10, N. Y. (Bayonne, N. J.). 

Adams Bldg., Bartlesville, Okla. (Borger and Pasadena, Tex.). 

Bartlesville, Okla. (Phillips, Tex.). 

9505 Cassius Ave., Cleveland 5, Ohio. 

215 W. 7th St., Los Angeles 14 (Los Nietos) , Calif. 

191 Doremus Ave., Newark 5, N. J. 

Grant Bldg., Pittsburgh 25, Pa. 

1 Gateway Center, Pittsburgh 22, Pa. (Torrance, Calif.; 
Atlanta, Ga.; Detroit, Mich.; Newark, N. J.; Barberton, 
Cleveland, and Dayton, Ohio; Springdale, Pa. ; Houston, 
Tex.; New Martinsville, W. Va.; and Milwaukee, V/is.). 

3500 DeKale St., St. Louis 18, Mo. 

1607 Geele Ave., Sheboygan, Wis. 

494 Hunts Point Ave., New York 59, N. Y. 

11661 Wicks St., Sun Valley, Calif. 

Public Service Bldg. , Portland 4, Oreg. 

77 N. Water St., Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 

75 Tonawanda St., Buffalo 7, N. Y. 

4 Marine St. , Farmingdale, Long Island, N. Y. 
Ill Leuning St. , S. Hackensaok, N. J. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



171 



TABLE 27. --Syntheti 



rganic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 7956 --Continued 



Name of compaiiy 



Office addreee (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



Procter Sc Gamble Co- 



Productol Co 

Publicker Industries, Inc 

Puget Sound Pulp & Timber Co 

Pure Oil Co 

Purex Corp., Ltd 

Purooaine, Inc 

Quaker Chemical Products Corp 

Quaker Oats Co 

R. S. A. Corp 

Raybestos Div. of Raybestos-Manhattan, 
Inc . 

Rayette, Inc., Chemical Div 

Red Spot Paint & Varnish Co., Inc 

Reichhold Chemicals, Inc 



Reilly Tar Sc Chemical Corp 

Reliance Varnish Co., Inc 

Remington Arms Co., Inc 

Republic Creosoting Co 

Richardson Co 

Richfield Oil Corp 

Rlker Laboratories, Inc 

Ringwood Chemical Corp 

Rinshed-Mason Co 

Ritter, F. , Sc Co - 

Ritter Chemical Co., Inc 

Rlverdale Chemical Co 

Roberts Chemicals, Inc 

Rohm & Haas Co 

Root Chemicals, Inc 

Royce Chemical Co 

Rubber Corp. of America 

Ruberoid Co 

Salem Oil & Grease Co 

Dr. Salsbury's Laboratories 

Salvo Chemical Corp 

Sandoz, Inc 

Schenectady Varnish Co., Inc 

Scherer, R. P., Corp 

Schering Corp 

SchieffeUn & Co - 

Scholler Bros . , Inc 

SchuylJd.ll Chemical Co 

Schwarz Laboratories, Inc 

Searle, G. D. , & Co 

Shawinigan Resins Corp 

Sheffield Chemical Co., Div. of 

Sheffield Farms Co., Inc. 
Shell Chemical Corp 

Shell Oil Co 

Shepherd Chemical Co 

Sherwin-Williams Co 



Shulton, Inc., Fine Chemicals Dlv- 

Siddall, Geo. F. , Co., Inc 

Simpson Redwood Co 

Sinclair Refining Co 

Sinclair & Valentine Co 

Sipe, James B., Sc Co 



301 E. 6th St., Cincinnati 2, Ohio. (Long Beach and 
Sacramento, Calif.; Chicago, 111.; Iowa City, Iowa; 
Kansas City, Kans.; Baltimore, Md.; Quincy, Mass.; St. 
Louis, Mo.; Staten Island, N. Y.; St. Bernard, Ohio; and 
Dallas, Tex.). 

417 S. Hill St., Los Angeles 13 (Santa Fe Springs), Calif. 

U29 Walnut St., Philadelphia 2, Pa. 

300 Laurel St. , Bellingham, Wash. 

35 E. Wacker Drive, Chicago 1, 111. (Toledo, Ohio; Dollar- 
hide, Snyder, Nederland, and Van, Tex.; Cabin Creek, 
W. Va. ; and Worland, Wyo.). 

9300 Rayo Ave., South Gate, Calif. (St. Louis, Mo.). 

Valley Rd., Hockessin, Del. 

Lime & Elm Sts., Conshohocken, Pa. 

Merchandise Mart Plaza, Chicago 54, 111. (Cedar Rapids, 
Iowa; Omaha, Nebr.; and Memphis, Tenn.). 

690 Saw Mill River Rd. , Ardsley, N. Y. 

P. 0. Box 1021, Bridgeport, Conn. 

261 E. 5th St., St. Paul 1, Minn. 

110-112 Main St., Evansville 8, Ind. 

525 N. Broadway, V/hite Plains, N. Y. (Tuscaloosa, Ala.; 

Azusa, Calif; Jacksonville, Fla.; Argo, 111.; Kansas 

City, Kans.; Ballard Vale, Mass.; Ferndale, Mich.; 

Elizabeth, N. J.; Brooklyn, N. Y.; Charlotte, N. C; and 

Seattle and Tacoma, Wash.). 
1615 Merchants Bank Bldg., Indianapolis 4, Ind. 

(Chicago and Granite City, 111.; Indianapolis, Ind.; 

Newark, N. J.; Cleveland and Dover, Ohio; Chattanooga, 

Tenn.; Lone Star, Tex.; and ftiirmont, W. Va.). 
4730 Crittenden Dr. , Louisville 9, Ky. 
939 Barnum Ave., Bridgeport 2, Conn. 
1615 Merchants Bank Bldg., Indianapolis 4, Ind. (Florence 

and Itobile, Ala.; Indianapolis, Ind.; St. Louis Park, 

Minn. ; Lima, Ohio; Ironton, Utah; Norfolk, Va. ; and 

Seattle, Wash.). 
27th Ave. and Lake St., Melrose Park, 111. 
555 S. Flower St. , Los Angeles 17 (Watson) , Calif. 
8480 Beverly Blvd., Los Angeles 48, Calif. 
120 S. LaSalle St., Chicago 3 (Ringwood), 111. 
5935 Milford Ave., Detroit, Mich. 
4001 Goodwin Ave. , Los Angeles 39, Calif. 
403 W. Main St., Amsterdam, N. Y. 
324 E. 147th St., Harvey, 111. 
Box 446, Nitro, W. Va. 
222 W. Washington Sq. , Philadelphia 5, Pa. (Bristol and 

Philadelphia, Pa.; Knoxville, Tenn.; and Deer Park, Tex.). 
Box 246, Roosevelt, Puerto Rico. 
Carlton Ave., Carlton Hill, N. J. 
225 Broadway, New York (Hicksville) , N. Y. 
500 5th Ave., New York 36, N. Y. (Joliet, 111.; Baltimore, 

Md.; and Erie, Pa.) . 
60 Grove St., Salem, Mass. 
500 Gilbert St. , Charles City, Iowa. 
Rothschild, Wis. 

61-63 Van Dam St., New York 13, N. Y. (Fair Lawn, N. J.). 
Congress and 10th Ave., Schenectady 1 (Rotterdam Jot.), N.Y. 
9425 Grinnell Ave., Detroit 13, Mich. 
60 Orange St., Bloomfield (Union), N. J. 
16-26 Cooper Sq. , New York 3, N. Y. 
Collins and Westmoreland Sts., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 
2346 Sedgley Ave., Philadelphia 32, Pa. 
230 Washington St., Mt. Vernon, N. Y. 
P. 0. Box 5110, Chicago 80 (Skokie), 111. 
644 Monsanto Ave., Springfield 1, Mass. 
P. 0. Box 630, Norwich (Oneonta), N. Y. 

50 W. 50th St., New York 20, N. Y. (Martinez, Los Angeles, 
and Pittsburg, Calif.; and Deer Park, Tex.). 

50 W. 50th St., New York 20, N. Y. (Martinez and Wilmngton, 
Calif; Roxana, 111.; Norco, La.; Deer Park, Tex.; and 
Anacortes, Wash.). 

2803 Highland Ave., Cincinnati 12, Ohio. 

101 Prospect Ave., N. W. , Cleveland 1, Ohio (Chicago, 111.; 
Detroit, Mich. ; Dayton and Cleveland, Ohio; and Philadel- 
phia and Pittsburgh, Pa.). 

Route 46, Clifton (Newark), N. J. 

P. 0. Box 925, Spartanburg, S. C. 

2301 N. Columbia Blvd. , Portland 17, Oreg. 

600 5th Ave., New York 20, N. Y. (E. Chicago, Ind.; Sand 
Springs, Okla. ; Marcus Hook, Pa.; and Houston, Tex.). 

611 W. 129th St., New York 27, N. Y. (Ridgway, Pa.). 

P. 0. Box 8010, S. Hills Branch, Pittsburgh 16 (Bridgeville) , 
Pa. 



172 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TABLE 27. --Syntheti 



chemicals: directory of manufacturers , 19 56- -Continued 



Name of company 



Office address ( location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



auith, Kline & French Laboratories 

Socony-Mobil Oil Co., Ino 

Sohio Petroleum Co 

Soluol Chemical Co., Inc 

Solvent Chemical Co., Inc 

Sonneborn, L. , Sons, Inc 

Sonooo Products Co 

Southern Dyestuff Corp 

Southern Resin Glue Co 

Southern Sizing Co 

Southern Textile Chemical Corp 

Spaulding Fibre Co., Inc 

Specialty Resins Co 

^ecific Pharmaceuticals, Inc 

Spencer Chemical Co 

Squibb, E. R. , & Sons Div. of Olin 
Mathieson Chemical Corp. 

Staley, A. E. , Manufacturing Co 

Standard Agricultural Chemicals, Inc-- 

Standard Chemical Co 

Standard Chemical Products, Ino 

Standard Chlorine Chemical Co., Inc 

Standard Dyestuff Corp 

Standard Naphthalene Products Co., Inc 
Standard Oil Co. of California 

Standard Oil Co. of Indiana 

Standard- Toch- Chemicals, Inc 

Standard Ultramarine & Color Co 

Stange, Wm. J., Co 

Stansbury Chemical Co., Inc 

Stauffer Chemical Co 

Stein, Hall & Co., Inc 

Stepan Chemical Co 

Sterling Drug, Ino,. : 

Hilton-Davis Chemical Co. Div 

National Brands Div 

Stresen-Reuter, Fred'k. A., Ino 

Summit Chemical Products Corp 

Sumner Chemical Co. , Div. of Miles 

Laboratories, Inc. 
Sun Chemical Corp.: 

Pigment Div 

Wanrick Chemical Co. Div-- -- 

Sun Oil Co 

Suntide Refining Co 

Swift & Co 

Synco Resins, Inc 

Synthetic Chemicals, Inc 

Synthetic Plastics Co 

Synthetic Products Co- 

^nvar Corp 

Tar Distilling Co., Ino 

Taylor Fibre Co 

Tennessee Copper Co., Div. Tennessee 

Corp. 
Tennessee Eastman Co. , Div. of Eastman 

Kodak Co. 
Tennessee Products & Chemical Corp 

Tex Chemical Co 

Texas Co 

Texas Eastman Co., Div. of Eastman 
Kodak Co. 

Texas-U. S. Chemical Co 

Thiokol Chemical Corp 

Thomasset Colors, Inc 

Ihompson Chemicals Corp 

Thompson-Hayward Chemical Co 

Toms River-Cincinnati Chemical Corp — 

Trask, Arthur C, Co 

Treplow Products, Ino 

Triangle Chemical Co 

Trojem Powder Co 

Trubek Laboratories 

UBS Chemical Corp 



1530 Spring Garden St., Philadelphia 1, Pa. 

150 E. A2d St., New York 17, N. Y. (Paulsboro, N. J., and 

Beaumont, Tex.). 
1453 Guildhall Bldg., Cleveland 15 (Lima), Ohio. 
Green Hill and Market Sts., Natick, R. I. 

341 Commercial St. , Maiden 48, Mass. 

300 4th Ave., New York 10, N. Y. (Petrolia, Pa.). 

Hartsville, S. C. 

P. 0. Box 10098, Charlotte 1 (Sodyeoo), N. C. 

Box 352, Fayetteville (Vander), N. C. 

601 S. E. Main St. , East Point, Ga. 

1407 Broadway, New York 18, N. Y. (Clearwater, S. C). 

310 Wheeler St., Tonawanda, N. Y. 

2801 lynwood Rd. , lynwood, Calif. 

331 4th Ave., New York 10, N. Y. (Bayonne, N. J.). 

610 Dwight Bldg., Kansas City 5, Jfc. (Calumet City, 111.; 

Pittsburg, Kans.; and Orange, Tex.). 
See Olin Mathieson Chemical Corp. 

2200 E. Eldorado St. , Deoatur, 111. 

1301 Jefferson St., Hoboken, N. J. 

3583 Aramingo Ave. , Philadelphia 34, Pa. 

1301 Jefferson St., Hoboken, N. J. 

115 Jacobus Ave., S. Kearny, N. J. 

5th St. & 5th Ave., Paterson 4, N. J. 

115 Jacobus Ave., S. Kearny, N. J. 

225 Bush St., San Francisco 20 (Bakersfield, El Segundo, and 

Richmond), Calif. 
910 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago 80, 111. (Wood River, 111.; 

Whiting, Ind.; and Sugar Creek, Mo.). 
2600 Richmond Ter. , Staten Island 3, N. Y. 
5th Ave. and 24th St., Huntington 18, W. Va. 

342 N. Western Ave. , Chicago 12, 111. 
1929 Aurora Ave., Seattle 9, Wash. 

380 Madison Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (LaMoyne, Ala.; Louis- 
ville, Ky.; Henderson, Nev.; Brooklyn, Chauncey, and Niagara 
Falls, N. Y. ; Perry, Ohio; Chester and Monongahela, Pa. ; 
Lowland, Tenn. ; and Bentonville and Roanoke, Va. ) . 

285 Madison Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Charlotte, N. C). 

20 N. Wacker Dr., Chicago 6, 111. 

2235 Langdon Farm Rd. , Cincinnati 13, Ohio. 

1450 Broadway, New York 18, N. Y. (Trenton, N. J.). 

325 W. Main St., Bensenville, 111. 

11 William St., Belleville 9, N. J. 

215 N. Centennial St. , Zeeland, Mich. 



309 Sussex St., Harrison, N. J. 
10-10 44th Ave., Long Island City, N, 

R. I., and Rock Hill, S. C). 
1608 Walnut St., Philadelphia 3 (Marcus Hook), Pa. 
P. 0. Box 658, Corpus Christi, Tex. 
4115 Packers Ave., Chicago 9, 111. 
Henry St. , Bethel, Conn. 
335 McLean Blvd., Paterson 4, N. J. 
88 St. Francis St., Newark 5, N. J. 
1636 Wayside Rd., Cleveland 12, Ohio. 
726 King St., Wilmington 99, Del. 
500 5th Ave., New York 36, N. Y. (Cleveland, Ohio) 
Norristown, Pa. 
61 Broadway, New York 6, N. Y. (Copperhill, Tenn.) 



Wood River Junction, 



Nashville 3 (Chattanooga), 



See Eastman Kodak Co. 

First American National Bank Bldg. 

Tenn. 
20 Wagaraw Rd., Fair Lawn, N. J. 
P. 0. Box 2332, Houston 1, Tex. 
See Eastman Kodak Co. 



P. 0. Box 1597, Port Neches, Tex. 

780 N. Clinton Ave. , Trenton 7, N. J. 

120 Lister Ave., Newark 5, N. J. 

3028 Locust St., St. Louis 3, Mo. 

2915 Southwest Blvd. , Kansas City 8, Mo. 

P. 0. Box 20, Evanston Sta. , Cincinnati 7, Ohio. (Toms River, 

N. J.; and Norwood and St. Bernard, Ohio). 
4103 S. LaSalle St., Chicago 9, 111. 
59 Camden St., Paterson, N. J. 
206 Lower Elm St. , Macon, Ga. 
17 N. 7th St., Allentown (Seiple), Pa. 
Box F, E. Rutherford, N. J. 
491 Main St., Cambridge 42, Mass. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



173 



TABLE 27. — Synthetic 



ils: Directory of manufactu 



1956- -Continued 



Name of conjiaiiy 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheees if not in- same city as office) 



Uhlich, Paul, &Co., Inc • 

Ultra Chemical Works, Inc 

Union Carbide & Carbon Corp.: 

Bakelite Co 

Carbide & Carbon Chemicals Co 

Silicones Div 

Union Oil Co. of California 

United Piece Dye Works 

United Rubber & Chemical Co 

United States Borax & Chemical Corp-' 
U. S. Industrial Chemicals Co. , Div. 

of National Distillers Products 

Corp. 

U. S. Oil Co- 

United States Pipe & Foundry Co 

U. S. Plastics Products Corp 

United States Procaine Co. , Inc 

U. S. Rubber Co. , Naugatuck Chemical 

Div. 

Universal Detergents, Inc 

Universal Western Chemical Corp 

Upjohn Co 

van Ameringen-Haebler, Inc 

Vanderbilt Chemical Corp 

Van Dyk & Co., Inc- 

Varcum Chemical Corp 

Velsicol Chemical Corp 

Verley Chemical Co., Inc 

Verona Chemical Co 

Victor Chemical Works 

Vineland Chemical Co 

Virginia-Carolina Chemical Corp 

Vitamins, Inc 

Vita-Var Corp 

Wallace & Tiernan, Inc 

Harchem Div 

Lucidol Div 

Wamer-Jenklnson Manufacturing Co 

Warren Petroleum Corp 

Washburn, T. F. , Co 

Washington Natural Gas Co 

Watertown Manufacturing Co 

Werner Drug & Chemical Co 

Western Dry Color Co 

Westinghouse Electric Corp 

Westville Laboratories 

Wetherill, George D. , Varnish Co 

Wheeler, RejTiolds & Stauffer 

White & Bagley Co 

llhite & Hodges, Inc 

Whittemore-Wright Co., Inc 

Wica Co., Inc 

Wilmot 4 Cassidy, Inc 

Wilson Laboratories Div. of Wilson & 
Co., Inc. 

Wilson Organic Chemicals, Inc 

Winthrop Laboratories 

Witco Chemical Co 

Witte, John H. , & Sons 

Wolf, Jacques, & Co 

Wyandotte Chemicals Corp 

Wyeth Laboratories, Inc 

Young Aniline Works, Inc 

Zinsser & Co., Inc., subsidiary of 
Harshaw Chemical Co. 



90 West St. 
2 Wood St., 



, New York 6 (Brooklyn), N. Y. 
Paterson A, N. J. 



30 E. '42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (Ottawa, 111.; Wyandotte, 
Mich.; Bound Brook, N. J.; and Marietta, Ohio). 

30 E. .;2d St., New York 17, N. Y. (Torrance, Calif.; Whiting, 
Ind.; Niagara Falls, N. Y.; Fort Lavaca and Texas City, 
Tex.; and Charleston and S. Charleston, W. Va.). 

30 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (Tonawanda, N. Y. , and 
Sistersville, W. Va.). 

617 W. 7th St., Los Angeles 17, CaUf. (Bakersfield, Bodeo, 
Santa Maria, and Wilmington, Calif.; Cut Bank, Mont.; and 
EdmonSs, Wash.) . 

Nicholson St., Lodi, N. J. 

P. 0. Box 149, Baytown, Tex. 

630 Shattc PI., Los Angeles 5 (Boron), Calif. 

99 Park Ave., New York 16, N. Y. (New Orleans, La.). 



Box 1345, Providence (Phillipsdale), R. I. 

P. 0. Box 2651, Birmingham, Ala. 

Lake & Whitman Aves., Metuchen, N. J. 

2911 Atlantic Ave., Brooklyn 7 (College Point), N. Y. 

1230 Ave. of the Americas, New York 20, N. Y. (Naugatuck, 
Conn. ) . 

1825 E. Spring St. , Long Beach 6, Calif. 

12800 Imperial Hwy., Norwalk, Calif. 

301 Henrietta St. , Kalamazoo 99, Mich. 

521 W. 57th St., New York 19, N. Y. (Elizabeth and Union 
Beach, N. J.). 

230 Park Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Bethel, Conn.). 

11 William St., Belleville 9, N. J. 

P. 0. Box 476, Niagara Falls, N. Y. 

330 E. Grand Ave., Chicago 11, 111. (Marshall, 111., and 
Memphis, -Tenn.). 

200 Pulaski St., Newark 5, N. J. 

26 Verona Ave., Newark A, N. J. 

155 N. Wacker Dr., Chicago 6, 111. 

West Wheat Rd., Vineland, N. J. 

401 E. Main St., Richmond 5, Va. (Charleston, S. C). 

809 W. 58th St., Chicago 21, 111. 

10 Commerce Ct., Newark 2, N. J. 

25 Main St., Belleville 9, N. J. 

Box 178, Newark, N. J. (Dover, Ohio). 

1740 Military Rd., B'jffalo 5, N. Y. 

2526 Baldwin St. , St. Louis 6, Mo. 

P. 0. Box 1589, Tulsa, Okla. (Crossville and Salem, 111.; 
and Breckenridge, Conroe, Galena Park, Gladewater, Holli- 
day, and Longview, Tex.). 

2244 Elston Ave. , Chicago 14, 111. 

1507 4th Ave. , Seattle 11, Wash. 

127 Echo Lake Rd. , Watertown, Conn. 

759 Beechwood Ave., Cincinnati 32, Ohio. 

600 W. 52d St., Chicago 9, 111. 

401 Liberty Ave., P. 0. Box 2278, Pittsburgh 30 (East Pitts- 
burgh), Pa. 

Monroe, Conn. 

Haddon Ave. & White Horse Pike, Camden 3, N. J. 

1430 S. 47th St., Richmond, Calif. 

100 Foster St., Worcester 8, Mass. 

2 Wellington Ave., Everett 49, Mass. 

62 Alford St., Boston 29, Mass. 

P. 0. Box 506, Charlotte 1, N. C. 

108-112 Provost St., Brooklyn 22, N. Y. 

4221 S. V/estern Ave. , Chicago 9, 111. 

P. 0. Box 452, Sayreville, N. J. 

1450 Broadway, New York 18 (Rensselaer), N. Y. 

122 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (I^rnwood, Calif.; Chicago, 

111.; and Brooklyn, N. Y. ) . 
206 Jefferson St. , Burlington, Iowa. 
P. 0. Box 839, Passaic (Clifton), N. J. 
1609 Biddle Ave., Wyandotte, Mich. 
P. 0. Box 8299, Philadelphia 1, Pa. (Chicago, 111.; and 

Philadelphia and West Chester, Pa.). 
2731 Boston St., Baltimore 24, ^H. 
Railroad Ave., Hastings-on-Hudson 6, N. Y. 



APPENDIX 

A. United States Imports of Coal- Tar Intermediates 
and Finished Coal- Tar Products 

Table 28 summarizes, for the period 1954-56, United States im- 
ports of coal-tar products dutiable under paragraphs 27 and 28 of 
the Tariff Act of 1930. The data, which were obtained by analyzing 
invoices covering imports through all United States customs 
districts, are given in detail in a separate report of the Tariff Com- 
mission. 1 

In 1956 general imports of coal-tar chemicals entered under 
paragraph 27, virtually all of which are intermediates, totaled 6. 7 
million pounds, with a foreign invoice value of 4.8 million dollars, 
compared with imports in 1955 of 6.4 million pounds, valued at 
4.5 million dollars, and imports in 1954 of 8.6 million pounds, also 
valued at 4. 6 million dollars. More than two-thirds of all imports 
of intermediates in 1956 came from West Germany and the United 
Kingdom; imports from West Germany totaled 3. 2 million pounds 
in 1956, compared with 3 million pounds in 1955. Imports from 
the United Kingdom were 1. 3 million pounds in 1956, compared 
with 822, 000 pounds in 1955. In 1956 sizable quantities of inter- 
mediates also were imported from Switzerland (406, 000 pounds), 
France (382,000 pounds), Italy (360,000 pounds), the Netherlands 
(337, 000 pounds), and Denmark (331, 000 pounds); lesser quantities 
came from Canada, Belgium, and Sweden. 

In terms of quantity, the most important individual intermediates 
imported in 1956 were m, p-cresol, refined naphthalene, anthra- 
quinone, 2-naphthol, and acetoacetanilide. Imports of m, p-cresol 
in 1956, which came principally from the United Kingdom, totaled 
700,000 pounds, compared with 273,000 pounds in 1955. Imports 
of refined naphthalene in 1956, which came principally from the 
Netherlands and West Germany, totaled 444,000 pounds, connpared 
with 854,000 pounds in 1955. In 1956 imports of anthraquinone, 
which came from France, the United Kingdom, and Switzerland, 
totaled 377, 000 pounds; imports of 2-naphthol (350, 000 pounds) 
came principally from West Germany; and imports of aceto- 
acetanilide (343, 000 pounds) came principally from the United 
Kingdom. West Germany was the source of all imports of the 
Desmodurs, N-phenyl-2-naphthylamine, and quinoline, and Italy 
was the most important source of R salt and H acid. 

Imports in 1956 of all finished coal-tar products that are dutiable 
under paragraph 28 totaled 5. 1 million pounds, with a foreign in- 
voice value of 10.4 million dollars, compared with 5.4 million 
pounds, valued at 11.1 million dollars, in 1955. In 1956, as in 
previous years, dyes were the most important group of finished 
coal-tar products imported, accounting for 4.8 million dollars, or 
46 percent of the total value of all imports under paragraph 28. Im- 
ports of dyes in 1955 amounted to 6. 2 million dollars, or 56 percent 
of the total value of all imports under paragraph 28. West Germany 
and Switzerland were the principal suppliers of dyes to the United 



lU. S. Tariff Commission, Imports of Coal-Tar Products, 1956, 1957 [processed]. 

175 



176 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



TAELE 28. --Coal-tar intermerliates and Finished coal -tar products: United States general imports, classi tied 

by t'se, 1954-56 



Oiantity 



Foreign 
invoice 
value 



Quantity 



Foreign 
invoice 
value 



CJuantity 



Foreign 
invoice 
value 



Intermediates-' 

Finished coal-tar products, total- 
Dyes, total 

Acid 

Vat 

Direct 

Mordant and ohrome 

Color- lake and spirit- soluble- 
Basic 

Acetate rayon 

Azoic ■ 

Sulfur 

All other 

Medlcinals and pharmaceuticals — 

Flavor and perfume materials 

All other 



1,000 
pound, 
8,579 

4.064 



2 3,005 

409 

1,045 

408 

170 

435 

42 

54 

19 

27 

396 

497 

176 

386 



1,000 
dollars 
4,-510 

8.672 



5,832 

1,094 

1,228 

913 

291 

361 

76 

131 

41 

24 

1,673 

2,150 

326 

364 



6,418 
5.412 



^ 3,010 

669 

675 

648 

4^2 

136 

124 

50 

31 

19 

216 

924 

311 

1,167 



1,000 
dollars 
4,474 

11.103 



,000 
oands 
0,659 

5,126 



6,249 

1,809 

1,087 

1,411 

538 

215 

261 

100 

72 

16 

740 

3,300 

51A 

1,040 



^ 2,804 
551 
825 
529 
277 
247 
Ul 
28 
28 
11 
167 
818 
310 
1,194 



1,000 
dollars 
4,776 

10,439 



4,837 

1,237 

1,139 

1,111 

359 

332 

307 

55 

A9 

11 

237 

4,258 

500 

844 



Includes small quantities of organic pesticides and agricultural chemicals, rubber-processing chemicals, 
and surface-active agents. 
^ Actual weight. 

Source: Compiled from the records of the U. S. Bureau of Customs. 

States in 1956; smaller quantities came also fronn the United Kingdonn 
and Italy. 

Medlcinals and pharnnaceuticals were the next nnost innportant 
group of products imported under paragraph 28 in 1956. Imports of 
these products in that year were valued at 4. 3 million dollars, or 
41 percent of the total value of all innports under paragraph 28. Im- 
ports of medlcinals and pharmaceuticals in 1955 were valued at 3. 3 
million dollars, or 30 percent of the total value of all imports under 
paragraph 28. The value of imports of flavor and perfume materials 
was slightly lower in 1956 ($500, 000) than it was in 1955 ($514, 000). 
Imports of other coal-tar products entered under paragraph 28 were 
valued at $844, 000 in 1956, compared with 1 million dollars in 1955. 



B. Research Workers and Research E^endltures 
In the Sjmthetic Organic Chemical Industry 

Because of the interest of the synthetic organic chemical industry 
in statistics on chemical research, the Tariff Commission each 
year collects and publishes statistics on the number of technically 
trained research workers in the industry, their salaries, and the 
cost of research (see table 29). This information is not available 
elsewhere. As many of the connpanies that produce synthetic organic 
chemicals also manufacture other products, the cost of research 
applicable to synthetic organic chemicals must be allocated. For 
some companies this allocation is somewhat arbitrary, and the costs 
of research shown in this report are, therefore, only approximate. 
Moreover, not all companies that conduct research report data on 
their research activities; hence, the data given in table 29 are only 
about 80 percent complete. Notwithstanding these limitations, the 
statistics do indicate general trends in the amount of research con- 
ducted in the field of synthetic organic chemicals. 

In 1956 a total of 409 companies reported research activities in 
the field of synthetic organic chemicals. The number of technically 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



177 



trained research workers reported for 1956 was 15,498, a substan- 
tially larger number than the 14, 191 reported for 1955. This in- 
crease took place despite the fact that, for reporting purposes in 
1956, a technically trained research worker was defined as one 
earning not less than $4, 500 a year, compared with $3, 600 a year 
in the period 1952-55. The average salary paid in 1956 was $7, 561, 
compared with $7, 385 in 1955. Total salaries paid research 
workers in 1956 announted to 117 million dollars, compared with 
104 million dollars in 1955. In 1956 the gross cost of research was 
313 million dollars--6l million dollars more than that in 1955. The 
cost to the industry in 1956 for research conducted for it outside 
the facilities of the reporting companies--a cost not included in the 
gross cost given above--was 12. 6 million dollars, or 1. million 
dollars more than in 1955. This figure, however, probably does not 
represent all research projects conducted for the reporting com- 
panies in universities and private laboratories, or all consulting 
services. 



TABLE 29. -Syntheti 



ndus t r 
and c 



:,f research, 1952-56 



salaries paid research 



Companies 
reporting 



Technically 
trained 
research 
workers'"' 



Salaries 

paid 
research 
workers 



Total reported cost of research 



Within the plant 



Outside 

the 

plant 



1952- 
1953- 
1954- 
1955- 
1956- 



331 
363 
388 



12,203 
12,208 

14,191 
15,498 



1,000 
dollars 
76,701 
83,694 
94,432 
104,804 
117,186 



1,000 
iollars 
194,993 
210,035 
236,524 
252,530 
313,430 



1,000 
iollars 
186,503 
199,829 
221,842 
239,511 
308,376 




-'' For the years 1952-55, a technically trained research worker was defined as a person with technical 
training engaged in research work and earning not less than $3,600 per year; for 1956, a research worker was 
defined as a person earning not less than $4,500 per year. 

^ The net-cost figure is obtained by deducting from gross cost the credits for salable products obtained 
in the course of research. 



C. Glossary of Synonymous Names of 
Cyclic Intermediates 

Many cyclic intermediates are known in the chemical trade by a 
variety of names. Individuals in the trade frequently are not 
acquainted with all the synonymous names for a given product. To 
bring together the synonymous names for each product, the tables 
on intermediates in this report (table 7A in part II, and table 7B in 
part III) show the standard name, in accordance with the system 
used by Chemical Abstracts; this standard name is frequently fol- 
lowed by the most connmon synonymous name in parentheses. 

In this report, as in previous reports in this series, the Tariff 
Commission has included a glossary of synonymous names of cyclic 
intermediates. This glossary, which was originally compiled at the 
suggestion of the Industry Advisory Committee on Government Re- 
ports, is intended to serve principally as an index to the standard 
names used in the statistical tables on intermediates. The first 
column of the glossary lists alphabetically the common, or trivial, 
names usually encountered in the trade. The second column gives 
the corresponding standard (Chemical Abstracts) names, under 
which the data are presented in tables 7A and 7B. 



178 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous 



Cominon name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) 



Acedlanthrone 

1,2-Acenaphthenedione 

<i-Aoetainido-2-amlnophenol hydrochloride 

p-Acetamidobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

5-Acetamido-2-hydroxybenzolo acid 

l-Acetainido-2-methoxynaphthalene-- 

l-Aoetamldo-2-naphthol 

l-Acetamido-7-naphthol 

2-Acetamido-'i-nitrophenol 

5-Acetainido-orthanilic acid 

Acetanilide-p-sulfonic acid 

Acetanilid sulfon chloride 

Acetate leuoo violet 

p-Acetoacetchloranilide 

Acetoacet-o-chloroanilide 

o-Acetoaoetochloroanilide 

Acetoaceto- 1-naphthy lamide 

N-Aoetoaceto-1-naphthylamlne 

m-Acetoacetoxylidide 

Acetoaoet-o-toluidide 

Acetoaoet-o-toluidine 

Aoetoacetyl-o-anisidine 

Acetoacetyl benzidine 

Aoetyl-p-ainlno-o-aminophenol hydrochloride 

l-Acetyl-3-C4-amlno-m-anisyl)urea 

Acetylamino Cleve's acid 

N-Acetyl-l-amino-8-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid — 

Acetyl-o-anisidine 

Acetyl-p-anisidine 

Acetyldiaminoanthraquinone 

Acetyl-2,'i-diaminophenol hydrochloride 

Acetyl H acid 

Acetyl-l,A-naphthalenediamine-6(and 7)-sulfonic acids 

Acetyl-p-nitro-o-aminophenol 

Acetyl-m-phenylenediamine 

Ace tyl-p-phenylenedi amine 

Acetyl-p-phenylenedi amine sulfate 

N*-Acetyl-N^-2-pyrimidinylsulfanilamide 

Acetylsulfadiazine 

Aoetylsulfamerazine 

Acetylsulfamethazine 

N^ -Acetylsulf anilamide 

N*-Acetylsulfanilamide 

2-(N*-Acetylsulfanilamido)thiazole 

Acetylsulfathiazole 

N*-Acetyl-2-sulfo-p-phenylenediamine 

N-Acetyl-o-toluidine 

1,2,'i-Acid 

Ami chin 

m-Aminoacetanilide 

p-Aminoacetanilide 

p-Aminoacetanilide sulfate 

m-Aminoacetophenone 

6-(p-AminoaniIino)metanllic acid 

p-Aminoazobenzene-- 

Aminoazobenzene disulfo acid 

Aminoazobenzene-3 j't-disulfonic acid 

p- Aminoazobenzene hydrochloride 

Aminoazobenzene-m- sulfonic acid 

Aminoazobenzene-p-sulfonio acid 

o-Aminoazotoluene 

o-Aminoazotoluene sulfate 

"4-Aminoazotoluene-'i-sulfonic acid and salt 

o-Aminoazotoluenesulfonic acid and salt 

Amlnoazoxylenetoluidine 

p-Aminobenzenearsonic acid 

3-Aminobenzenesulfonanilide 

4-Aminobenzenesulfonanilide 

m-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid 

p-Arainobenzenesulfonic acid 

o-Aminobenzoic acid 

m-Aminobenzoyl I(or J) acid 

p-Aminobenzoyl I(or J) acid 

p-Aminobenzoyl-m-phenylenediamine 

o-Aminobiphenyl 

2-Aminobiphenyl 

"i-Aminobiphenyl 

l-Amino-'i-bromoanthraquinone-2,5-disulfonic acid- 

l-Amino-2-bromo-'i-(p-toluidine)aiithraquinone 

3-Amino-N-butyl-p-anisolesulf onamide 

p-Amino-N-(n-butyl) phenol 

2-Amino-'4' -chloroacetanilide 



Aceanthra[ 2,1-a] aceanthrylene-5,13-dione. 
Aoenaphthenequlnone . 

3'-Amino-4'-hydroxyacetanilide hydrochloride. 
N-Acetylsulf anilyl chloride. 
5-Acetamidosalicylic acid. 
N-(2-Methoxy-l-naphthyl)acetamide. 
N- ( 2-Hydroxy- 1-naphthyl ) acetamide . 
N- ( 7-Hydroxy- 1-naphthyl ) acetamide . 
2'-Hydroxy-5'-nitroacetanilide. 
5-Acetamido-2-aminobenzenesulfonlc acid. 
N-Aoetylsulfanilic acid. 
N-Acetylsulfanilyl chloride. 
l,4-Diamino-2,3-dihydroanthraquinone. 
A ' -Chloroacetoacetanilide . 
2 ' -Chloroaoetoacet ani lide . 
2 '-Chloroacetoacetanilide. 
N-1-Naphthylacetoacetamide. 
N-1-Naphthylacetoacetamide . 

2 ,<i'-Acetoacetoxylidide. 
o-Acetoacetotoluidide . 
o-Acetoacetotoluidide, 
o-Acetoaoetanisidide. 

4',^ -Biacetoacetanilide. 

3 ' -Amino-A' -hydroxyacetani lide hydrochloride . 

l-Acetyl-3-(<l-amino-3-methoxyphenyl)urea. 

8-Acetamido-5-amino-2(and 3)-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

8-Acetamido-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 

o-Acetanisidide. 

p-Acetanisidide. 

1 , 5( or 1,8)^ -Diacet amidoanthraquinone . 

3 -Amino-4'-hydroxyacetanilide hydrochloride. 
8-Acetamido-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonie acid. 
8-Acetamido-5-amino-2(and 3)-naphthalenesulfonio acid. 
2' -Hydroxy-5' -nitroacetanilide . 

3 '-Aminoaoetanilide . 

4' -Aminoacetanilide . 

p-Aminoacetanilide sulfate. 

<V'-(2-Pyrimidinylsulfamoyl)aoetanilide. 

"4 ' -( 2-Pyrimidinylsulf amoyl) acetanilide . 

4'-(4-Methyl-2-pyrimidinylsulfamoyl)acetanilide. 

4 '-( 'i,6-Dijnethyl-2-pyrimidinylsu If amoyl ) acetanilide . 

N-Sulf anlTylacetamide . 

A'-Sulfamoylacetanilide. 

4' -( 2-Thiazolylsulf amoyl ) acetanilide . 

4 '-(2-Thiazolylsulfamoyl) acetanilide. 

5-Acetamido-2-airiinobenzenesulfonic acid. 

o-Acetotoluidide, 

l-Amino-2-naphthol-4-sulfonio acid. 

8-Amtno-6-methoxyquinoline . 

3'-Aminoacetanilide. 

4 ' -Aminoacetanilide . 

<4'-Aminoacetanilide sulfate. 

3 ' -Aminoacetophenone . 

5-Amino-2-(p-aminoanilino)benzenesulfonic acid. 

p-Phenylazoaniline . 

6-Amino-3,4'-azodi[benzenesulfonic acid] . 

6-Amino-3,4'-azodi[benzenesulfonic acid). 

p-Phenylazoaniline hydrochloride. 

m-(p-Aminophenylazo)benzenesulfonic acid. 

p-(p-Aminophenylazo)benzenesulfonic acid. 

<i-(o-Tolylazo)-o-toluidine [NH2=1] • 

4-(o-Tolylazo)-o-toluidine sulfate. 

4-(4-Amino-m-tolylazo)-m-toluenesulfonic acid and 

salt. 
^-(^-Amino-m-tolylazoj-m-toluenesulfonic acid and 

salt. 
4- ( 2, 4-Xylylazo ) -o-toluidine [ NH; =1 ] . 
Arsanilic acid [As03H2=l]. 
Metanilanilide . 
Sulfanilanilide. 
Metanilic acid [ SO3H =1] . 
Sulfanilic acid [SOsH^lJ. 
Anthranilic acid [COOH=l]. 

6-(m-Aminobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
6-(p-Aminobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonio acid. 
2 , 4 , 4 ' -Tri aminobenzophenone . 
2-Biphenylaffline . 
2-Biphenylaiiilne . 
4-Biphenylamine . 

5-Amino-8-bromo-l,6-anthraquinonedisulfonlc acid. 
l-Amino-2-bromo-4-(p-toluidino)anthraquinone. 
N''--Butyl-4-methoxymetanilamide [S02NH2=l]. 
p-Butylaminophenol . 
4' -Chloroglycinanilide. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



179 



Cyclic intermeiiiates: Gtosfjary nf synonymnus names- -Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



5-Araino-2-ohlorobenzenesulfonic acid 

5-Amino-3-ohlorobenzenesulfonic acid 

5-Aniino-4-chlorobenzenesulf onic acid 

2-Amino-4-chloroben2oic acid 

3-Amino-6-chlorobenzoio acid 

Aminochlorodiphenyl 

Aminochlorodiphenyl ether 

Aminochlorodiphenyl ether 

2-Amino-3-ohlorotoluene [ CH3=l) 

2-Amino-4-ohlorotoluene [ CH3=lj 

2-Amino-5-chlorotoluene [ CH3=l] 

2-Amino-6-chlorotoluene [ CH3=l] 

2-Amino-5-ohlorotoluene hydrochloride 

m-Amino-p-cresol [CHjil] 

3-Amino-p-cresol methyl ether [CH3=l] 

3-Amino-p-oresyl methyl ether 

omega- Amino-psi-cumene 

(i)-Amino-+-cumene 

Aminodichlorobenzenesulfonic acid 

2-Amino-l,'i-diethoxybenzene 

2-Amino-5-diethylaminotoluene hydrochloride 

p-Arainoethylaniline 

A -Amino- 1 , 3-dihydroxyanthraquinone 

2-Amino-l,A-diinethoxybenzene 

p-Aminodimethylaniline 

p-Aminodimethylaniline sulfate 

2-Amino-4,6-dinitrophenol and salt 

o-Amlnodiphenyl 

p-Arainodiphenyl 

p-Aminodiphenylamlne 

'i-Aminodiphenylamlne-2-sulfonic acid 

Aminodiphenyl ether 

4-Aminoethoxyethylanillne 

Amino G acid 

2-Amino-'i-hydroxybenzenearsonio acid 

Amino I(or J) acid 

p-Amino-N-isobutylphenol 

'i-Amino-2-methylanisole [CHsO^l] 

•4 -Amino-'i' - (3-methy 1-5-pyrazolone ) -2 , 2' -stllbenedi - 
sulfonic acid. 

4-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

2-Aminonaphthalene-3,6,8-trisulfonic acid 

8-Amijio-l-naphthoic lactam 

l-Amino-7-naphthol 

l-Amino-8-naphthol-2,4-disulfonic acid 

l-Ainino-8-naphthol-3,6-disalfonic acid 

l-Amino-8-naphthol-4,6-disulfonlc acid 

2-Amino-8-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid 

<i-Amino-5-naphthol-l,3-disulf onic acid 

<i-Amino-5-naphthol-l,7-disulfonic acid 

5-Amino-4-naphthol-2,7-dlsulfonic acid 

6-Amino-<i"naphthol-2,7-di3ulfonic acid 

l-Amino-8-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid 

2-Amino-5-naphthol-7-sulfonic acid 

2-Amino-6-naphthol-8-sulfonic acid 

2-Amino-8-naphthol-6-sulfonlc acid 

A-Amino-3-naphthol-l -sulfonic acid 

"i-Amino-5-naphthol-l-sulfonlc acid 

6-Amino-A-naphthol-2-sulfonic acid 

7-Amino-3-naphthol-l-sulfonic acid 

7-Amino-<i-naphthol-2-sulfonic acid 

2-Amino-^-nitroanisole [CH3O = l] 

2-Amino-5-nitroanisole 

2-Amlno-6-7iitroanisole 

/^ -Amino -3 -nitroani sole 

^-Amino-4-nitrodiphenylamine-2-sulfonic acid 

2-Amino-'i-nitro-l_-phenol-6-sulfonic acid 

2-Am±nophenetole lC2H50=ll 

Aminophenol sulf amide 

o-Aminophenol-p-sulfonamide 

o-Amlnophenol-p-sulfonic acid 

m-Aminophenylcarboxypyrazolone 

l-(m-Aminophenyl)-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone 

Aminophenylphenyl ether 

m-Aminophenylpyrazolonecarboxylic acid 

l-(m-Aminophenyl)-5-pyrazolone-3-carboxylic acid — 

p-Arainophenyl-p-tolylaminesulfonie acid 

2-Amino-A(3H)-pyTimidone 

Amino R acid 

5-Aminosaligenin-2-methyl ether 

6-Amino-3- (p-toluenesulf one ) amino-A-methoxytoluene- 



6-Chlorometanilic acid [SOjHill.' 

5-Chlorometanilic acid [S03H=l]. 

"i-Chlorometanilio acid [S03H=1]. 

A-Chloroanthranilic acid [C00H=1 ). 

5-Amino-2-ohlorobenzoic acid. 

Chloro-2-(or 3, or 4.)-biphenylamlne. 

5-Chloro-2-phenoxyaniline. 

p-(p-Chlorophenoxy) aniline 

6-ChlQro-o-toluidine f NH2=1 !• 

5-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=l]. 

^-Chloro-o-toluidine [NHj^l]. 

3-Chloro-o-toluidine [NHj^l]. 

A-Chloro-o-toluidine hydrochloride . 

2-Amino-p-cresol [OH=l]. 

5-Methyl-o-anisidine [NHs^l]. 

5-Methyl-o-anisidine [NH2=1] • 

2,4-Dimethylbenzylamine . 

2,'i-Dimethylbenzylamine. 

2,5-Dichlorosulf anilic acid. 

2,5 -Diethoxyani line . 

N' ,N^-Diethyltoluene-2,5-diamine hydrochloride. 

N,N-Diethyl-p-phenylenediamine. 

4-Aminoxanthopurpurin . 

2, 5-Dimethoxy aniline. 

NjN-Dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine. 

N,N-Dijiiethyl-p-phenylenediamine sulfate. 

Picramic acid and salt. 

2-Biphenylamine . 

•i-Biphenylamine . 

N-Phenyl-p-phenylenediamine . 

5-Amino-2-anilinobenzenesulfonic acid. 

p -Phenoxy ani line . 

2- (p-Amino-N-ethylanilino ) ethanol . 

7-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

A-Hydroxy-o-arsanilic acid [As03H2=l]. 

6-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

( p- Isobutylamino )phenol . 

3-Methyl-p-anisidine [hrH2=l]. 

A ' -Amino-«i ' - ( 3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl ) -2, 2' 

stilbenedisulfonic acid. 
Naphthionic acid. 

7-Amino-l,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid. 
Naphthostyril. 
8-Amino-2-naphthol. 

8-Amino-l-naphthol-5,7-disulfonic acid. 
8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 
8-Amlno-l-naphthol-3 , 5 -disulf onic acid . 
7-Amlno-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 
8-Amino-l-naphthol-5,7-disulfonic acid. 
8-Amlno-l-naphthol -3,5 -disulf onic acid . 
8-Amlno-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 
7-Amlno-l-naphthol-3,6-dlsulfonic acid. 
8-Amlno-l-naphthol-5-sulfonlc acid. 
6-Amlno-l-naphthol-3-sulfonie acid. 
6-Amino-2-naphthol-4--sulfonic acid. 
7-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
l-Amlno-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid. 
8-Amino-l-naphthol-5-sulfonic acid. 
7-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
6-Amino-2-naphthol -^-sulfonic acid. 
6-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonlc acid. 
5-Nitro-o-aniEidine [ NH2=ll. 
/i-Nitro-o-anisidine [NH2=lj. 
3-Nitro-o-anisidlne [NH2=1J. 
2-Nitro-p-anisidine [ NH2=l]. 

2-(p-Aminoanillno)-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid. 
6-Amino-4-nitro-l-phenol-2-suironlc acid. 
o-Phenetidine [ NH2=l] . 
2-Amino-l-phenol-^-sulf onamide . 
2-Aniino-l-phenol-"l-sulfonamide. 
2-Amino-l-phenol-'4-sulfonic acid. 
l-(m-Aminophenyl)-5-oxo-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic 

acid. 
l-(m-Aminophenyl)-3-raethyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one. 
p-Phenoxyani line . 
l-(m-Aminophenyl)-5-oxo-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylio 

acid. 
l-(m-Aminophenyl)-5-oxo-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylio 

acid. 
5-Amino-2-(p-toluidino)benzenesulfonic acid. 
Isocytosine. 

3-Amino-2,7-naphthalenediEulfonic acid. 
5-Amino-2-methoxybenzyl alcohol. 
'»'-Amino-5'-methyl-p-toluenesulfon-o-anisidide. 



180 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



synonymous names- -Continued 



3 -Amino- (p-toluenesulf one )ethoxytoluene 

2-Aniinotoluene-5-sulfonio acid 

N-(4-Amino-m-tolyl)-p-quinone imine 

(u-Amino-l,2,4-trimethylbenzene 

Aminoviolanthrene 

Amylnaphthalenes 

o-Ajnylphenol 

p-sec-Araylphenol 

p-tert-Amylphenol 

Aniline-2,i-disulfonic acid : 

Aniline-2,5-disulfonic acid 

Aniline oil • 

Aniline salt 

Aniline-m-sulfonio acid 

Aniline-p-sulfonic acid 

Aniline-omega-sulfonic acid 

4-Anilino-<i' -hydroxydiphenylamine 

6-Anilinometanilic acid 

2-Aniside-<i-acetylurea 

o-Anisidine nitrate 

2-Anisidine-'4-sulfobutylamide 

o-Anisidine-p-sulfonic acid 

2-(m-Anisyl)-4-chloroanthranilic acid 

N-ip-AnisyD-'V-chloroantliranilic acid 

N-(m-Anisyl)~4-chloroanthranilic acic" 

a - (p-Anisyl ) -a-ethyl-p-methoxyacetophenone 

a-(p-Anisyl)-p-methoxyacetophenone 

N- (p-Anisyl )-4-nitroanthranilic acid 

N- (p-Anisyl )-p-phenylenediamine 

1,2-Anthrapyridine 

Anthraquinonylaminoanthraquinone 

l,'i,9,10-Anthratetrol 

"i-Antipyrinecarboxylic acid 

p , p' - Azobis ( N , N-dimethylani line hydrochloride ) 

'Vj'i'-Azobisdiphenyls'nine 

Azohydroxyaniline 

Azoxy aniline 

ni,m'-Azoxybis aniline 

Benzal chloride 

Benzaldehydedisulfonic acid 

Benzaldehydemonosulfonic acid 

l-(4-Benzaiiiido-l-anthraquinonylimlno)-5-benzamido- 
anthraquinone . 

2- [3- ('i-Benzamido-2, 5-diethoxyphenyl) -l-methyldlazo- 
aininolethanesulfonic acid. 

N-(<;-Benzamido-2,5-diethoxyphenyl)-N-methyldiazo- 
taurine. 

3-(4-Benzamido-2,5-diethoxyphenyl)-3-sulfoethyl-l- 
methyltriazene . 

[ 3-('i-Benzamido-6-methoxy-m-tolyl)-l-methyldiazo- 
aminol acetic acid. 

[ 3-(4-Benzamido-6-methoxy-m-tolyl)-N-methyldiazo]- 
glycine. 

Benzanthrone 

Benzanthronedianthraquinonyldiimide 

Benzeneazobenzene 

Benzene- 1,3-dicarboxylic acid 

p-Benzenedicarboxylic acid 

1,3,5-Benzenetriol 

Benzidine disulfonic acid 

2,2'-Benzidinedisulfonic acid 

Benzidine sulfonic acid 

Benz[cd]indol-2(lH)-one 

Benzocaine (nonmedicinal grade) 

2-Benzofurylcyanomethyl ketone 

2H-l-Benzopyran-2-one 

1,2-BenzopyTone 

Benzotrichloride 

Benzoylacetanilide 

a-Benzoylacetanilide 

l-Benzoylamino-A-aminoanthraquinone 

2-Benzoylamino-l,'i-diethoxybenzene 

2-BenzoylajTLino-l,4-diinethoxybenzene 

5-Benzoylamino-2-nitrodiinethoxybenzene 

5-Benzoylamlno-2-nitrohydroquinone, diethyl ester 

Benzoyl J acid 

2-Benzoylthiophene 

a-Benzylacetamide 

m- Benzyl -p-aminophenol hydrochloride 

Benzyl chloride 

o-Benzyl-p-chlorophenol 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



3-Methyl-N-(p-toluenesulfono)-p-phenetidine. 

"i-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1]. 

N-(4-Amino-m-tolyl)-p-benzoquinone imine, 

2 , <i-Dimethy Ibenzy lamine . 

16-Aminoviolanthrone . 

Pentylnaphthalenes . 

o-Pentylphenol . 

p- ( 1-Methylbuty 1 )phenol . 

p- ( 1 , 1-Dimethylpropyl )phenol . 

<i-Amino-m-benzenedisulfonic acid. 

2-Amino-p-benzenedlsulfonic acid. 

Ani line . 

Aniline hydrochloride. 

Metanilic acid [S03H=1]. 

Sulfanilic acid [S03H=1]. 

Anilinomethanesulfonic acid. 

p-(p-Anilinoanilino)phenol. 

5-Amino-2-anilinobenzenesulfonic acid. 

l-Acetyl-3-(4-amino-3-iiiethoxyphenyl)urea. 

4(or 5)-Nitro-o-anlsidine [ NHj^l] . 

ti^ -Butyl-4-methoxymet ani lamide . 

"i-Methoxymetanilic acid [SOjHsl]. 

4-Chloro-N-(m-methoxyphenyl)anthranilio acid [COOH^IJ . 

4-Chloro-N-(p-methoxyphenyl)anthranilic acid [COOH=1] . 

4-Chloro-N-(m-methoxyphenyl)anthranilic acid [C00H=1] . 

2-Ethyl-4' -methoxy-2-(p-methoxyphenyl)acetophenone. 

4' -Methoxy-2- ( p-methoxyphenyl ) acetophenone . 

N-(p-Methoxyphenyl)-<l-nitroanthranilic acid. 

N- (p-Methoxyphenyl) -p-phenylenediamine . 

Naphtho[2,3-h] quinoline. 

1,1 -Iminodianthraquinone. 

Leucoqulnizarin. 

Antipyric acid . 

p-Diinethylajiiinobenzenediazonium chloride. 

p-Anilinobenzenediazonium chloride. 

p- (p-Arainophenylazo )phenol . 

3,3' -Azoxydianiline. 

3,3' -Azoxydianiline. 



a ,a -Dichlorotoluene . 
"i-Formyl-m-benzenedisulfonic acid. 
o-Fonnylbenzenesulfonic acid. 
4,5 -Dibenzamido-l,l' -iminodianthraquinone. 

2-[3-(4-Benzamido-2,5-diethoxyphenyl)-l-methyl- 

triazen-3-yl]ethanesulfonic acid. 
2-[3-(4-Benzamido-2,5-diethoxyphenyl)-l-methyl- 

triazen-3-yl]ethanesulfonio acid. 
2- [3- ( 4-Benzamido-2 , 5-diethoxyphenyl ) -1-methyl- 

triazen-3-yl]ethanesulfonic acid. 
[ 3- (<«-Benzamldo-6-methoxy-m-tolyl) -1-methyltriazen- 

3-yl]aoetic acid. 
[3-(4-Benzamido-6-methoxy-m-tolyl)-l-methyltriazen- 

3-yl]acetic acid. 
7H-Benz[de] anthraoen-7-one . 
3,9-Bis [l-anthraquinonylamino] -7H-benz [de] anthraoen- 

7-one . 
Azobenzene . 
Isophthaiic acid. 
Terephthalic acid. 
Phloroglucinol . 

4,4^-Diamino-2,2^-biphenyldisulfonlc acid. 
4,4^-Diamino-2,2 -biphenyldisulfonic acid. 
•4,4 -Diamino-S-biphenylsuLfonio acid. 
Naphthostyril. 

p-Aminobenzolc acid, ethyl ester. 
2-Benzofuranacetonitrile . 
Coumarin. 
Coumarin. 

a, a, a -Trichlorotoluene. 
2-Benzoylacetanilide. 
2-Benzoylacetanilide . 
l-Amino-4-benzamidoanthraquinone . 
2 ,5 '-Diethoxybenzanilide. 
2 ',5 '-Dimethoxybenzanilide. 
2',5'-Dimethoxy-4'-nitrobenzanilide. 
2 ,5 -Diethoxy-4'-nitrobenzanilide. 
6-Benzaiiiido-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
Phenyl-2-thienyl ketone. 
Hydrocinnamamide . 

4- Amino- cc-phenyl -m-c resol hydrochloride . 
a-Chlorotoluene . 
4-Chloro-a-phenyl-o-cresol [ OH=l] . 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



181 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synnnynotis names- -Conti 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



Benzyl cyanide 

N-Benzyl-ethylaniline-- 

N-Benzyl-N-ethyl-p-nitrosoaniline 

3-Benzyl-7-hydroxy-4-methyloouinarin 

Benzylidineaoetophenone 

■i-Benzylidineaminoantipyrine 

Benzyl mercaptan 

p-Benzylphenylcarbamate 

p,p'-Biacetoacetanilide 

Bibenzal 

Bibenzoyl 

Bibenzylidene 

o-Biphenylamine 

Biphenylene oxide 

p,p'-Bis(acetoacetanilide) 

N,N'-Bis(acetoacetyl)benzidine 

l,3-Bis(4-biphenyl)-2-thiaurea 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl) aniline 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyetl^l-m-toluidine) 

2,2'-Bis('i-hydroxyphenyl)propane 

N,N'-Bis-6-(l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid)urea- 

Bisphenol A 

Bisphenol B 

Bisphenol C 

Bisphenol G 

3,3 '-Bitolylene-4,4'-diisooyanate 

B.O.N — - 



Broenner's acid 

Bromamine acid 

p-Bromoacetamidoanthraquinone 

Bromobenzanthrone 

2-Bromobiphenylene oxide 

p-Broraomethylaminoanthraquinone 

4.-Bromo-N-methyl-l,9-anthrapyridone 



a-Bromo-p-nitroacfctophenone 

Bromoquinizarin 

o-(3-Brcimo-p-tolyl)benzoic acid 

6-tert-Butyl-2,4-dimethylacetophenone 

n-Butyl-p-nitrobenzoate 



p-Carboxybenzene sulfonamide 

3-Carboxy-<i-hydroxyacetanilide 

3-(Carboxymethyl)-l-(5-ohloro-2-methoxyphenyl)-3- 

methyltri azene . 

(o-Carboxyphenyl) acetic acid 

Cassella acid 

Chicago acid 

Chlorinated cresols 

2-Chloro-3-acetamino-9,10-anthrahydroquinone acid 

ester. 

2-Chloro-3-acetaminoanthraquinone 

2-Chloro-3-aoetamino-9, lO-dihydroxyanthracene-9, 10- 

disulfonic acid ester. 

o-Chloroacetoacetanilide 

Chloroacetylarsanilic acid 

5-Chloro-2-amlnoanisole [ CHaO^l] 

<i-Chloro-2-amino-6-benzenesulfonic acid 

6-Chloro-3-aminobenzotrifluoride 

Chloroaminophenol 

2-Chloro-'4-amlnotoluene [CH3=]J 

3-Chloro-2-Rininotoluene [CH3=1] 

5-Chloro-2-aminotoluene [ CH3=1] 

m-Chloroaniline-o-sulfonic acid 

p-Chloroani line -m- sulfonic acid 

p-Chloroaniline-o-sulfonic acid 

A-Chloro-o-anisidine [CH30=1) 

5-Chloro-o-anisidine [CH30=1] - 

3-Chloro-2-anthraoenecarboxylio acid 

2-Chloroanthraquinone-3-carboxylic acid 

Chloroarsacetin 

2-Chlorobenzaldehyde-5 -sulfonic acid 

4-Chlorobenzaldehyde-2-sulfonic acid 

l-Chloro-5-benzamideanthraquinone 

Chlorobenzanthrone 

•i-Chlorobenzotrifluoride 

Chlorobenzyl cyanide 

l-Chloro-2-oai;boxyanthraquinone 

p-Chloro-m-cresol [ CH3=1 ] 

2-Chloro-l,'4-dihydroxyanthraquinone 

Chloro H acid 

5-Chloro-8-hydroxyquinoline 

3-Chloro-3'-methoxy-6-diphenylaminecarbo)cylic acid-- 



Phenylaoetonitrile . 
N-Ethyl-N-phenylbenzylamine . 
N-Ethyl-N- (p-nitrosopnenyl ) benzylamine . 
3-Benzyl-A-methylumbellif erone . 
Chaloone . 

4-Benzylideneiminoantipyrine . 
a-Toluenethiol. 
a-Phenyl-p-cresol carbamate. 
^' ,i' "-Biacetoaoetanilide . 
Stilbene . 
Benzil. 
Stilbene. 
2-Biphenylamine . 
Dibenzofuran. 

4 '."i" '-Biacetoaoetanilide. 
** ',4 '"- Bi ace toacet anil ide. 
4,4 '-Diphenylthiocarbanilide . 
2, 2 ' - f Phenylimino )diethanol . 
2,2'-(m-Tolylimino)diethanol. 
4,4'-Isopropylidinediphenol. 
6,6'-Ureylenebis [l-naphthol-3-sulfonlc acid ]. 
4,4'-Isopropylidinediphenol. 
2,2 '-Bis (4-hydroxyphenyl)butane . 
4,4'-Isopropylidinedi-o-cresol. 
4,4'-Isopropylidinebis [2-isopropylphenol] . 
Isocyanic acid, (3,3 '-dimethyl -4, 4 '-biphenylene ester. 
3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid. 
6-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
l-Amino-4-bromo-2-anthraquinonesulfonic acid. 
l-Acetamido-4-bromoanthraquinone . 
3-Bromo-7H-benz [de] anthracen-7-one . 
2-Bromodibenzofuran . 
4-Bromo-l-methylaminoanthraquinone . 
6-Bromo-3-methyl-7H-dibenz[f ,ij]isoquinoline-2,7(3H)- 
dione. 
2-BrQmo-4 -nitroacetophenone, 
2-Bromoquinizarin. 

3'-Bromo-4'-methyl-2-biphenyloarboxylic acid. 
2 '-tert-Butyl-4 ', 6 '-dijnethylacetophenone . 
p-Nitrobenzoic acid, n-butyl ester. 



p-Sulf amoylbenzoic acid. 

5-Acetamidosalicylic acid. 

N- ( 5-Chloro-2-methoxyphenylazo ) -N-methylglycine . 

a -Carboxy-o-toluic acid . 
3-Amino-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
8-Amlno-l-naphthol-5,7-disulfonic acid. 
Cresols, chlorinated. 
2-Acetamido-3-chloro-9,10-dihydro-9,10-anthradiol- 

9,10-disulfonic acid, diethyl ester. 
2-Acetamido-3-chloroanthraquinone . 
2-Acetaiiu.do-3-chloro-9,10-dihydro-9,10-anthradiol-9, 

10-disulfonic acid, diethyl ester. 
2' -Chloroacetoacetanilide . 
N-Acetyl-2-chloroarsanilic acid [As03H2=1]. 
4-Chloro-o-anisidine [NH2=1]. 
5-Chlorometanilic acid [ S03H=l] . 
6-Chloro-a,a,a-trifluoro-m-toluidine [NH2=1] • 
2-Amino-4-chlorophenol. 
3-Chloro-p-toluidine [NH2=l]. 
6-Chloro-o-toluidine [nH2=1]. 
4-Chloro-o-toluidine [NHs^lj. 
2-Amino-6-chlorobenzenesulfonic acid. 
6-Chlorametanilic acid. 
2-Amino-5-chlorobenzenesulfonic acid. 
5-Chloro-o-anisldine [NH2=l]. 
4-Chloro-o-anisidine [NH2=1]. 
3-Chloro-2-anthroic acid. 
3-Chloro-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid. 
N-Acetyl-2-chloroarsanilic acid [As03H2=l]. 
4-Chloro-3-formylbenzenesulfonic acid. 
5-Chloro-2-formylbenzenesulfonio acid. 
l-Benzamido-5-chloroanthraquinone. 
Chloro-7H-benz [de] anthracen-7-one. 
4-Chloro-*,a,a-trifluorotoluene. 
(p-Chlorophenyl)acetonitrile. 
l-Chloro-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid. 
6-Chloro-m-cresol [OH=l] . 
2-Chloroquinizarln. 

8-Chloro-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 
5-Chloro-8-quinollnol. 
4-Chloro-N-(m-methoxyphenyl)anthranilic acid [C00H=1]. 



182 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names- -Continued 



Common name 



3-Chloro-'i'-methoxy-6-diphenylamlneoarboxylic acid — 

a-Chloro-2-methoxy-5-nitrotoluene 

[3-(5-Chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)-l-methyldlazoamlno] - 
acetic acid. 

Chloromethylanthraquinone 

o-Chloro-p-nitro aniline 

p-Chloro-o-nitroaniline 

Chloro-o-nitrobenzene 

4.-Chloro-3-nltrobenzotrlfluoride 

'i-Chloro-2-nltro-l-phenol-6-sulfonic acid 

'4-Chloro-2-nltrophenyl ether 

2-Chlorophenol 

i-Chlorophenol 

Chlorophenylhydrazine-p-sulfonlo acid 

l-(m-Chlorophenyl)-3-methyl -5 -pyrazolone 

2-Chloro-o-phenyl phenol 

l-(6-Chloro-<;-sulfophenyl)-3-methyl-2-pyrazolln-5-one 

l-(2-Chloro-4-sulfophenyl)-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone 

l-(6-Chloro-3-sulfophenyl)-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone 



o-Chloro-p-toluene sodium sulfonate 

4-Chlorotoluene-2-sulfonic acid 

m-Chlorotoluenethioglyoolic acid 

"i-Chloro-o-toluidlne [CH3=l]- - - - 

5-Chloro-2-toluidine [CH3=l] -- - - — 

5-Chloro-o-toluidlne [CH3=l] -- 

o-Chloro-m-toluidine-p-sulfonic acid 

2-Chloro-p-toluidine-5-sulfonic acid 

2-ChlQro-5-toluidine-"4-sulfonic acid 

'i-Chloro-o-tolylmercaptoacetic acid 

l-(5-Chloro-o-tolyl)-3-methyl-3-triazeneaoetic atid- 

Chlorotolylthloglycollc acid 

Chloro-sym-xylenol 

Chloroxylidenesulfonio acid 

'♦-Chloro-2,5-xylylmercaptoacetic acid 

Chromotropio acid 

Cinnamene 

1,6-Cleve 's acid 

1,7-Cleve's acid 

Cieve's acid, mixed 

m-Cresidine 

Cresidine or p-Cresidine 

m-Cresol methyl ether 

m-Cresolsulfonic acid 

o-Cresotic acid 

Y-Cresotic acid 

o-Cresotinic acid 

Cresyldisulfide 

m-Cresyl methyl ether 

Cumaldehyde 

psi-Cumene 

psi-CXimidine 

Cuminaldehyde 

2-Cyanopyridlne 

3-Cyanopyridine 

A-Cyanopyrldine 



Dahl's acid 

Dehydrothio-p-toluidine 

Desoxyanisoin 

Developer Z 

3,6-Diaminoacridine 

m-Diaminoanisole 

3,3'-Diaminoazoxybenzene 

2,2'-Diamino-5,5'-bi-m-toluenesulfonic acid- 



4,i '-Diamino-l,l' -dianthraquinonylamine 

i,4'-Diamino-l,l'-dianthrimide 

Diamino-^,4 '-dibenzoyl-l,l'-dianthraquinoneimine — 
Diamlno-4,5'-dibenzoyl-l,l'-dianthraquinonylamine- 

l,'4-Diamino-2,3-dihydroxyanthraquinone 

3,6-Diamlno-2,7-dimethylacridine hydrochloride 

<i,'i^-Diamino-2,2'-dimethylbiphenyl 

'i,'i^-Diamino-2,2'-dimethyldiphenylmethane 

A,4'-Diaminodiphenyl 

4,<i ^-Diaininodiphenylamine-2-sulfonic acid 

P.P,-Diaminodiphenylmethane 

p,p^-Diaralpodlphenylsulfide 

3,3 -Diaminodlphenyl urea 

Di(p-aminophenyl)sulfide 

l,3-Di(m-aminophenyl)urea 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



4-Chloro-N-(p-methoxyphenyl)anthranilic acid. 

2- ( Chloromethyl ) -^-nitroanisole { CH3O =1 ] . 

N- (5-Chloro-2-methoxyphenylazo )-N-methylglycine . 

l-Chloro-2-methylanthraquinone . 

2-Chloro-^-nitroaniline . 

4-Chloro-2-nltroanl line . 

l-Chloro-2-nltrobenzene . 

4-Chloro-a, a, a-trifluoro-3-nitro toluene . 

4-Chloro-6-nltro-l-phenol-2-sulfonic acid. 

l-('i-Chloro-2-nitrophenoxy)benzene. 

o-Chlorophenol. 

p-Chlorophenol. 

<i-Chloro-3-hydrazinobenzenesulfonio acid. 

l-(m-Chlorophenyl)-3-methyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one. 

2-Chloro-6-phenylphenol. 

5-Chloro-'i-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzene- 
sulfonic acid. 

5-Chloro-<i-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzene- 

sulfonic acid. 
4-Chloro-3-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzene- 

sulfonic acid. 
3-Chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid, sodium salt [S03H=l]. 
5-Chloro-o-toluenesulfonlc acid [S03H=l]. 
(<i-Chloro-o-tolylthio ) acetic acid . 
5-Chloro-o-toluidlne [NHj^l]. 
-i-Chloro-o-toluidine [NHj^l]. 
i-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=1]. 

2-Amlno-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
6-Amlno-4-chloro-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
2-Amino-5-ohloro-p-toluenesuironic acid [S03H=l]. 
("4-Chloro-o-tolylthio)acetic acid. 
N-(5-Chloro-o-tolyl)-N-methylglyclne. 
(i-Chloro-o-tolylthio) acetic acid. 
'4-Chloro-3 , 5-xylenol . 

6-Amino-3-chloro-2,5-xylenesulfonlc acid [S03H=l]. 
(4-Chloro-2,5-xylylthio) acetic acid. 
'♦,5-Dihydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisuironic acid. 
Styrene . 

5-Amlno-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
8-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
5(and 8)-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonio acid. 
2-Methyl-p-anisidine [ NH2=l] . 
5-Methyl-o-anisidine [ NH2=l] . 
m-Methylanisole [CH30=l]. 
5-Hydroxy-m-toluenesuironic acid [sOsH^l]. 
2,3-Cresotic acid. 
2,4-Cresotic acid. 
2,3-Cresotic acid. 
p-Tolyl disulfide. 
m-Methylanisole [CHsOn]. 
p-Isopropylbenzaldehyde. 
1,2,'i-Trimethylbenzene. 
2 , 4 , 5-Trimethylani line . 
p- Isopropylbenzaldehyde . 
Pioolinonitrile . 
Nicotinonltrile . 
Isonicotinonitrile . 



6-Amlno-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

2- (p-Aminophenyl) -6-methylbenzothiazole . 

<i'-Methoxy-2-(p-methoxyphenyl)acetophenone. 

3-Methyl-l-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one. 

Proflavine base. 

5 -Methoxy-m-phenylenediamlne . 

3,3 '-Azoxydianiline. 

2,2 '-Diamino-5,5 '-dimethyl-3,3 '-biphenyldisulfonic 

acid. 
1,1^ -IminobisL^-aminoanthraquinone] . 
l,l^-Lninobis['i-aminoanthraquinone] . 
1, 1^ - Iminobis [ i-benzamidoanthraquinone ] . 
4,5 -Dibenzamido-1,1 -iminodianthraquinone. 
l.i-Diaminohystazarin. 
Acridine yellow. 
m-Tolidine. 

4,4 -Methylenedi(m-toluidlne). 
Benzidine. 

5-Amlno-2-(p-aminoanilino)benzenesulfonic acid. 
4,4'-Methylenedianiline. 
4,4 -Thiodianiline. 
3,3 -Diaminocarbanilide. 
4,4 ^-Thiodianiline. 
3,3 -Diaminocarbanilide. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



183 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of sYnonymous names--Cnnti 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



2,6-Diamlnotoluene-'i-sulfonic acid 

Dlamylphenol 

l,5-Dianilinoanthraquinone-o,o'-dloarboxylio acid 

o-Dianisidine 

l,2-Di-p-anisyl-l,2-ethanediol 

2,'i-Di(p-anisyl)-3-ethylhexane 

2,4-Di(p-anisyl)-3-ethylhexene 

a,P-Dlanisylglyool 

3,4-Di(p-anisyl)hexane 

l,l'-Dianthraquinoneimine 

l,l'-Dianthraquinonylamine 

Dianthrimide 

Dlazoaminobenzene 

Diazobenzene chloride 

<i,5'-Dibenzamido-l,l'-aminodianthraquinone 

5,5'-Dibenzamido-l,l'-iminodianthraquinone 

Dibenzanthrone 

2,2'-Dibenzanthronyl 

13,13-Dibenzanthronyl 

Dibenzopyran 

Dibenzopyrrole 

Dibenzoyl 

4,5-Dibenzoylainidodianthraquinonylamine 

^jii'-Dibenzoyldlamino-ljl' -dianthrimide 

Dibenzyl 

Dibenzylaniline 

Dibenzyl dlsulphide 

Dibenzyl ether 

Dibenzyl sodium sulfanilate 

Dibronoaminoanthraquinone 

7,16-Dibromo-6,15-dihydro-5,9,l'i,18-anthrazinetetrone 

p-Dibromodlhydroxynaphthalene 

2,6-DlbrQfflO-l,5-dihydroxynaphthalene 

<t,5-Dibramo-l,8-dihydroxynaphthalene 

1,4-Dichloro aniline 

2, 5-Dicliloroaniline-4— sulfonic acid 

l,5-Diohloro-'4,8-anthraquinonedisuli'onic acid 

l,8-Dichloro-'i,5-anthraquinonedisuli'onic acid 

2,6-Dichlorobenzalchloride 

o,o'-Dichlorobenzldine 

3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine base 

m,m'-Dlchlorobenzidine hydrochloride 

2,4.-Dichlorobenzyl chloride 

2,'l-Dichlorobenzylidene chloride 

2,6-Dichlorobenzylidene chloride 

2,5-Dichlorophenylhydrazinesulfonlo acid 

l-(2,5-Diohlorophenyl)-5-pyrazolone-3-carboxylio acid 

2,5-Dichloro-4-suifobenzenediazohydroxide 

1- (2,5-Dichloro-'4-sulfophenyl) -3-methyl-5-pyrazolone- 

2,'i-Dichloro-5-(p-toluenesulfonamido)-l-naphthol 

Dioresyldisulfide 

Dicyclohexyl 

Diethanolanlline 

Diethanol-m-toluldine 

1,4-Diethoxybenzene 

N-{2,5-Diethoxy-4--nitrophenyl)benzamide 

H-(2,5-Diethoxyphenol)benzamide 

Diethylaniline-m-sulTonlo acid 

Diformyl-m-tolylenediamllie 

1,2-Dihydroacenaphthylene 

9,10-DiMydroacridirte 

l,4-Dihydro-4-oxo-2,6-pyridinedicarboxylic acid 

1,3-Dihydroxyanthraqulnone 

Ij'i-Dihydroxyanthraquinone 

1,5-Dihydroxyanthraquinone 

1,8-Dihydroxyanthraquinone 

2,6-Dihydroxyanthraquinone 

2,4-Dihydroxybenzolc acid 

Diiydroxyblpheuyl 

2,3-Dihydroxy-l,4-diaminoanthraquinoue 

Dihydroxydibenzanthrone 

5,5 '-Dihydroxydi-2-naphthylamine-7,7 '-disulfonio acid 

l,5-Dihydroxy-'i,8-dinitroanthraquinone 

p,p '-Dihydroxydiphenyldimethylmethane 

4,4'-Dihydroxydlphenylsulfone 

5,5-Dihydroxy-7,7'-disulfonic-2,2'-dinaphthylamine--- 

Dlhydroxyethylanlline 

N,N-Di(P-hydroxyethyl) aniline 

Dihydroxyethyl-3-toluidlne 

N,N-Di(P-hydroxyethyl)-m-toluidine 

3','4'-Dihydroxy-2-methylaminoacetophenone 



3,5-Diamino-p-toluenesulfonio acid. 
2,'i-Dlpentylphenol. 
l,5-Dlanilino-2,6-anthraquinonedioarboxylic acid. 

3.3 '-Dlmethoxybenzidlne . 

1, 2-Dl (p-methoxyphenyl ) - 1, 2-ethanediol . 
2,4-01 (p-methoxyphenyl ) -3-ethylhexane . 
2,4-01 (p-methoxyphenyl) -3-ethylhexene . 
1, 2-Di (p-methoxyphenyl ) -1, 2-ethanediol . 
3 ,4-Di (p-methoxyphenyl )hexane . 
1 , 1 ' - Imlnodi anthraquinone . 
1 , 1 ' - Iminodi anthraquinone . 
1 , 1 ' - Iminodi anthraquinone . 
1,3-Diphenyltriazene. 
Benzenediazonium chloride. 

4.5 -Dibenzamido-1,1 -iminodianthraquinone. 

1.1 -Tminobis [5-benzam1doanthraquinone] ■ 
Viclanthrone. 

(4,4^-Bi-7H-benz[de] anthracen)-7,7'-dione. 

(3,3'-Bi-7H-benz[de]anthraoen)-7,-7'-dione. 

Xanthene. 

Carbazole. 

Benzil. 

4, 5 ' -Dibenzamido-1, 1 '-iminodianthraquinone . 

l,l'-Iminobis [4-benzamidoanthraquinone] . 

Bibenzyl . 

N-Phenyldibenzylamine . 

Benzyl disulfide. 

Benzyl ether. 

N,N-Dibenzylsulfanilio acid, sodium salt. 

l-Amino-2,4-dlbromoanthraquinone. 

7, 16-Dibrcmoindanthrene . 

4, 5-Dlbromo-l , 8-naphthalenediol . 

2, 6-Dlbromo-l, 5-naphthalenediol . 

4,5 -Dibromo- 1 , 8-naphthalenediol . 

2, 5-Dlohloro aniline. 

2,5-Dichlorosulfanilic acid [S03=l]. 

4,8-Dichloro-l,5-anthraquinonedisulfonic acid. 

4,5-Dichloro-l,8-anthraquinonedisulfonic acid. 

a , a, 2 , 6-Tetraohlorotoluene . 

3,3' -Diohlorobenzidlne . 

3,3' -Diohlorobenzidlne . 

2,2'-Dichlorobenzldine hydrochloride. 

a,2,4-Trichlorotoluene. 

oc, a,2,4-Tetrachlorotoluene. 

a, a, 2, 6-Tetrachlorotoluene . 

2,5-Diohloro-4-hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid. 

l-(2,5-Dichlorophenyl)-5-oxo-2-pyrazollne-3-carboxylic 

acid. 
2,6-Dichloro-4-hydroxydiazobenzenesulfonic acid. 
2,5-Diohloro-4-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl) 

benzenesulfonio acid. 
H- (6, 8-Dlchloro-5 -hydroxy-l-naphthyl)-p-toiuene- 

sulf onamide [ S02NH2=1] . 
p-Tolyl disulfide. 
Bicyclohexyl. 

2,2 '-(Phenylimijio)dlethanol. 
2,2 '-(m-Tolyllmino)diethanol. 
p-Diethoxybenzene . 
2 ',5 '-Dlethoxy-4 '-nitrobenzanilide . 
2 ', 5 '-Diethoxybenzanilide . 
N.N-Diethylmetanilic acid [S03H=l]. 
N^,N^-Dlformyltoluene-2,5-diamine [CH3=1] . 
Acenaphthene . 
Acridan. 

Che lid ami c acid, 
Xanthopurpurln. 
(iiinizarin. 
Anthrarufin. 
Chrysazin. 
Anthraflavic acid. 
P-Resorcylic acid. 
Biphenol . 

1,4-Dlaminohystazarin. 
16, 17-Dihydroxyviolanthrone . 

6.6 -Tminobis [ l-naphthol-3-sulf onie acid]. 
4, 8-Dinltro anthrarufin. 

4.4 -Isopropylidenedlphenol. 
4,4 ^-Sulf onyldiphenol . 

6,6 -Tml nobis [ l-naphthol-3-sulf onie aoidJ. 

2.2 -(Phenylimino)diethanol. 
2 , 2^ - ( Phenylimino ) diethanol . 
2,2' -(m-Tolylimino)diethanol. 
2,2'- (m-Tolylimino ) diethanol . 
Adrenalone. 



184 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of 



synonymous 



S-- Continued 



Common name 



1,5-Dihydroxynaphthalene 

2,3-Dihydroxynaphthalene 

l,8-Dihydroxynaphthalene-3,6-disulfonio acid 

l,8-Dihydroxynaphthalene-'i-sulfonio acid 

2,3-Dihydroxynaphthalene-6-sulfonio acid 

P-Di-p-hydroxyphenylpropane 

7,8-Diketoacenaphthene 

2, 3-Dijnethoxyben2 aldehyde 

3,4-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde 

o-Dimethoxybenzene 

1,2-Diinethoxybenzene 

3,3'-Dimethoxybenzidine-<i,^'-diisocyanate 

"4,4' -Dime thoxybenzoin • 

p,p'-Dlme"thoxybenzoylphenylcarbinol 

3,"+-Dimethoxybenzyl alcohol 

3,3 '-Dimethoxy-4,4 '-blphenylbis [3-methyl-3- 

triazeneethanesuLfonic acid] . 
N,N'-{3,3'-Dimethoxy-4,4'-biphenylenebisazo)bisCN- 

methyltaurine ) . 
2, 2' -[ 3, 3 '- ( 3 , 3 '-Dimethoxy-4 ,4 '-bif henylene )bis ( 1- 

methyldlazoamino)] di(ethanesulfonio acid). 
1 , 1' - ( 3 , 3 '-Dimethoxy-4 , A ' -bipheny lene ) bis ( 3-methy 1-3- 

(sulfoethyl)triazene) . 

Di-p-methoxyethylchalcone 

4,4' -Dimethoxy- a -hydroxy-a-pheny lacetone 

N-(2,5-Diraethoxy-4-nitrophenylibenzamide 

N-(2,5-Dimethoxyphenyl}benzamide 

Dimethylacetanilide 

Dimethylaminoacetylcatechol 

4-Dimethylamino-2,3-dimethyl-l-phenyl-3-pyrazolln-5- 

one. 

N,N-Dimethyl-3-aminophenol 

Dime thylanl line 

Dime thy Ibenzene 

2 ',4-Dimethylbenzenesulfonanilide 

2,2'-Dimethylbenzidine 

3,3 '-Dime thy Ibenzidine 

2,4-Dimethyl-6-tert-butylacetophenone 

l,3-Dimethyl-5-tert-buty Ibenzene 

2,7-Dimethylceroxanol 

Dime thy Idianthraquinonyl 

2.2 '-Dimethyl-l,l-dianthraquinonylamine 

Dimethylhydroresorclnol 

3.3 '-Dimethyl-4,4 '-methylenediphenyl isocyanate 

Dijnethyl-a-naphthylamine 

2,3-Dimethyl-5-oxo-l-phenyl-37pyTazoline-4-carboxylic 
acid. 

2,3-Dimethyl-l-phenyl-3-pyTazolin-5-one 

2,7-Dimethylquinoline 

Dinaphtho[l,2,3-cd,l',2',3'-lm]perylene-9,18-dione-— 
Dinaphtho [l,2,3-cd,3 ',2 ', 1 '-lm]perylene-5, 10-dione— - 

1,4-Dinitrobenzene 

2,4-Dinltrobenzene 

Dinitrochlorobenzene 

Dinitrochlorobenzenesulfonic acid 

3,5-Dinitro-4-chlorobenzoic acid 

2,6-Dinitro-4-chlorophenol 

Dinitro-o-cyclohexylphenol 

4,4'-Dinitro-l,l '-dianthraquinonylamine 

Dinltrodibenzanthronyl 

Dinitrohydroxydiphenylamine 

Dinitrotetrame thy Idiaminodiphenylme thane 

2,4-Dinitrotoluenesuli'onic acid 

1,2-Dioxoacenaphthene 

Dioxy S acid 

Diphenol 

Diphenyl 

2,4-Diphenylamine-l-hydroxyanthraquinone 

2,4-Diphenylamlno-l-oxyanthraquinone 

Diphenylcarbazide 

Dlphenyleneimlne 

Diphenylene oxide 

Diphenyl epsilon acid 

Diphenyl ether 

Diphenyl ketone 

Diphenylmethanol 

Diphenyl oxide 

l,3-Diphenyl-2-propen-l-one 

Diphenyl silicon dichloride 

1,3-Diphenylurea 

N,N-Diphenylurea 

sym-Diphenylurea 

Dlpyrazoledianthrone 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



1, 5-Naphthalenediol . 

2, 3-Naphthalenediol . 

4,5-Dihydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedlsulfonic acid. 

4,5-Dihydroxy-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

6,7-Dthydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid . 

4,4'- Isopropy lidinediphenol . 

Acenaphthenequinone . 

o-Veratraldehyde . 

Veratraldehyde . 

Veratrole. 

Veratrole. 

Isocyanic acid, 3,3'-dlmethoxy-4,4'-biphenylene 
ester. 

p-Anisoin. 

p-Anisoin. 

Veratryl alcohol. 

3,3'-Dlmethoxy-4,4'-bis[3-methyl-3-sulfoethyltrlazen- 
1-yl] biphenyl. 

3 , 3' -Dimethoxy-4, 4' -bis [ 3-methyl-3-sulf oethyltriazen- 
l-yl] biphenyl. 

3, 3' -Dimethoxy-4, 4' -bis [3-methyl-3-su If oethyltriazen- 
l-yl] biphenyl. 

3, 3 '-Dimethoxy-4, 4' -bis[ 3-methy 1-3-su If oethyltriazen- 
l-yl] biphenyl . 

«-Ethyl-4,4'-dimethoxychalcone . 

p-Anisoin. 

2 ', 5' -Dimethoxy -4 '-nitrobenzanilide. 

2',5 '-Dimethoxybenzanilide. 

Acetoxylidide. 

3',4'-Dlhydroxy-2-dimethylaminoacetophenone. 

Aminopyrine . 

m- { Dimethylamino )phenol . 

Xylldine . 

Xylene . 

p-Toluenesulf ono-o-toluidide . 

m-Tolidine. 

o-Tolidine. 

2 -tert-Butyl-4 ,6'-dimethylaoetophenone. 

5-tert-Butyl-m-xylene. 

2, 8-Dimethyl-13b-hydroxy-9 { 13b ) -ceroxenone . 

2, 2 -Dimethyl-1, 1 '-bianthraquinone . 

1, I'-Iminobis [2-methylanthraquinone] . 

Dimethyl-1, 3-cyclohexanedione. 

Isocyanic acid, 2,2 '-dimethyl -4,4' -methylenedi- 

phenylene ester. 
N,N-Dimethyl-l-naphthylamine . 
Antipyric acid. 

Antipyrine . 

m-Toluquinaldine . 

Isoviolanthrone . 

Violan throne. 

p-Dinitrobenzene . 

m-Dinit robenzene , 

l-Chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene. 

4-Chloro-3,5-dinitrobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 

4-Chloro-3,5-dinitrobenzoic acid [C0OH=l]. 

'.-Chloro-2,6-dinltrophenol [OH=l]. 

2-Cyclohexyl-4,6-dinitrophenol [ OH=l] . 

1, 1 -Iminobis [4-nitroanthraquinone ] . 

Dinitro(3,3 '-bi-7H-benz[de] anthracene) -7, 7 -dione. 

p-(2,4-Dinitroanilino)phenol. 

4,4'-Methylenebis [N,N-dijiiethyl-2-nitroaniline] . 

3,5-Dinitro-o-toluenesuLfonic acid [S03H=l]. 

Acenaphthenequinone . 

4,5 -Dihydroxy- 1-naphthalenesulf onio acid . 

Biphenol . 

Biphenyl . 

2,4-Dianilino-l-hydroxyanthraquinone. 

2,4-Dianilino-l-hydroxyanthraquinone. 

1 , 5 -Dipheny Ic arbohydrazide . 

Carbazole. 

Dibenzofuran. 

8-Diphenylamino-l,6-naphthalenedisulfohio acid. 

Phenyl ether. 

Benzophenone. 

Benzhydrol. 

Phenyl ether. 

Chalcone. 

Dichlorophenylsilane . 

Carbanilide. 

Carbanilide. 

Carbanilide. 

[3,3'-Bianthra[l,9]pyrazole]-6,6'(2H,2'H)-dione. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



185 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names- - Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



1,3-Di-p-toluldineanthraquinone — 
1,4-Di-p-toluldineanthraquinone — 
l,3-Di(p-tolylamino)anthraqulnone- 
1,4-Di-p-tolylaminoanthraquinone — 

S-Dixenylthiourea 

Durene 



N-Ethanol-N-ethyl-4-nitrosoaniline 

2-Ethanolpyridine 

2-Ethoxy aniline 

4-Ethoxyaniline 

2-Ethoxy-6-sulfonaphthalene 

Ethyl-p-aminobenzoate 

Ethyl-o-amino-p-cresol 

Ethylanillne (mono) 

N,N-Ethylbenzylaniline 

Ethylbenzylanilinesulfonic acid 

Ethylbenzyl-m-toluidine 

Ethylbenzyl-m-toluidino-o-sulfonlo ac 



id- 



Ethyleneglyool monophenylether 

Ethyl hydrol 

N-Ethyl-N-(P-hydroxyethyl) aniline 

Ethyl ketone base 

2-[l-Ethyl-3-(2-methoxy-5-nitrophenyl)diazoamino] -5- 
sulfobenzoic acid. 

5-Ethyl-2-methylpyridine 

p-Etl^lnitrobenzene 

Ethyl-p-nitrobenzoate 

Ethyl-p-nitrobenzoylacetate 

Ethyl phenyl ether 

Ethylsulfobenzylaniline 

N-Ethyl-o-toluidine-p-sulfonic acid 



Fast red TR base 

p-Formylaniline 

p-Formyl-N,N-diethylaniline- 
4-Formyl-3-pyrazolin-5-one-- 



G acid 

Gamma acid 

Gamma disulfo acid 

GlyoeroLmonoethylaniline- 



H acid 

Halocrin 

Hexahydrobenzoic acid 

Hexahydropyridine 

Hcmophthalic acid 

a-m-Homosalicylic acid 

p-Homosalicylic acid 

Homoveratric acid 

o-Homoveratric acid 

Homoveratronitrile 

Homoveratrylamine 

1,2-1,2-Hydrazinedibromoanthraquinone- 
Hydrol 

Hydroquinone dimethyl ether 

1-Hydroxy-A- aminoanthraqu inone 

7-Hydroxycoumarin 

"i-Hydroxydlphenol 

P-Hydroxyethyl-o-ohloroaniline 

Hydroxyethylethylaniline 

Hydroxyethylmethylaniline 

N-(P-Hydroxyethyl)-N-methylanillne 

Hydroxyethyl-3-toluidine 

2-Hydroxymetanilic acid 

4-Hydroxymetanilic acid 

2-Hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde 

2-Hydroxy-3-methylbenzoic acid 

2-Hydroxy-'4-methylbenzoic acid 

2-Hydroxy-5-methylbenzoic acid 

V-Hydroxy-'i-methylcoumarin 

2-Hydroxy-5-nitrometanilic acid 

4-Hydroxy-5-nitrometanilic acid 

2-Hydroxyphenet ole 

p-Hydroxyphenylarsonic acid 

p-Hydroxyphenyl-n-butylamine 

3-(p-Hydroxyphenyl)hydratroplc acid 

N- (p-Hydroxyphenyl) -2-naphthylamine- 



P-(p-Hydroxyphenyl)-a-phenylpropionic acid a-Phenylphloretic acid 



l,3-Dl(p-toluidlno)anthraqu inone. 
1 ,4-Di (p-toluidlno ) anthraqu inone . 
l,3-Di(p-toluidino)anthraquinone. 
1 ("l-Di ( p-toluidino ) anthraquinone . 
^j-i'-Diphenylthiocarbanilide . 
1 , 2 , <• , 5 -Tet ramethy Ibenzene . 



2- ( N-Ethyl-'i-nltrosoanilino )ethanol . 
2-Pyridineethanol . 
o-Phenetidine [NH2=1]. 
p-Phenetidlne [NH2=l] . 
6-Ethoxy-2-naphthalenesulf onio acid . 
p-Aminobenzoic acid, ethyl ester. 
3-Ethylamino-p-cresol [OH=l]. 
N-Ethylaniline . 
N-Ethyl-N-phenylbenzylamine . 

a-(N-Ethylanilino)-p-toluenesuli'onio acid [S03H=1]. 
N-Benzyl-N-ethyl-m-toluidlne [ NH2=l]. 
4- ( N-Benzyl-N-ethylamino ) -o-toluenesulf onic acid 

[ SO3H =1] . 
2-Phenoxyethanol . 
4,4 -Bis[dlethylamino]benzhydrQl. 
2- ( N-Ethylanilino ) ethanol . 
4,4'-Bis[diethylamino]benzophenone. 
2- [l-Ethyl-3- (2-methoxy-5-nitrophenyl)triazen-3- 

yl]-5-sulfobenzoic acid. 
5-Ethyl-2-picoline . 
l-Ethyl-4-nitrobenzene . 
p-Mitrobenzoio acid, ethyl ester. 
p-Nitrobenzoylacetio acid, ethyl ester. 
Phenetole . 

a-(N-Ethylanillno)-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
3-Ethylamiiio-p-toluenesulfonlo acid [S03H=l]. 



4-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=l]. 

p-Aminobenz aldehyde . 

p- (Diethyla'iiino)benzaldehyde . 

5-0xo-3-pyrazoline-4-carboxaldehyde. 



2-Naphthol-6,8-disulfonic acid. 
7-Amlno-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
7-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 
3- ( N-Ethylanilino ) -1, 2-propanediol . 



8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonio acid. 

6,9-Dichloro-2-methoxyaoridine. 

Cyclohexaneoarboxylic acid. 

Piperidine. 

a-Carboxy-o-toluio acid, 

2,4-Cresotic acid [COOH=l]. 

2,5-Cresotic acid [COOH=l] . 

(3,4-Diinethoxyphenyl)acetic acid. 

(2,3-Dimethoxyphenyl)acetic acid. 

( 3, 4-Dimethoxyphenyl ) aoetonitrile . 

3 , 4-Dimethoxyphenethylamlne . 

7 , 16-Dibromoindanthrene . 

4, 4 '-Bis ( dimethylamino )benzhydrol . 

p-Dimethoxybenzene . 

l-Amino-4-hydroxyanthraquinone . 

Umbelliferone. 

p-Phenylphenol. 

2-(o-Chloroanilino)ethanol. 

2- ( N-Ethylani lino ) ethanol . 

2-(N-Methylanilino)ethanol. 

2- ( N-Methylanilino )ethanol . 

2- (m-Toluidino) ethanol. 

6-Amino-l-phenol-2-sulfonio acid. 

2-Amino-l-phenol-4-sulfonic acid. 

o-Vanillin. 

2,3-Cresotio acid [ COOH=l] . 

2,4-Cresotio acid [ CCCH^l] . 

2,5-Cresotic acid [ COOH=l] . 

4-Methylumbellif erone . 

6-Amino-4-nitro-l-phenol-2-sulfonic acid. 

2-Amino-5-nltro-l-phenol-4-sulfonio acid. 

o-Ethoxyphenol . 

p-Hydroxybenzenearsonio acid [As03H2=:1]. 

p-Butylaminophenol . 

a-Phenylphloretic acid. 

p-2-Naphthylaminophenol. 



186 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names- -Continued 



Common name 



3-(p-Hydroxyphenyl)-2-phenylpropionio acid 

"i-Hydroxypyridine-S.e-dioarboxylic acid 

8-Hydroxyquinoline 

m-Hydroxytoluene 

o-Hydroxytoluene 

p-Hydroxytoluene 

6-Hydroxy-m-toluidine [ NH2=l] 

2-Hydroxy-p-toluio acid 

I acid 

I acid Imide 

2,2 '-(l,3-Indandione)quinoline 

Isobutyl p-nitrobenzoate 

Isodlbenzanthrone 

p-Isopropylaniline 

Isopropylbenzene 

Isopropyl p-toluenesulfonate 

J acid 

J acid imide 

J acid urea 

K acid - 

Koch's acid 

Laie red C amine 

Laurent 's acid 

Lead styphnate 

Lead trinitroresorcinate 

Leuco-lj-i-dlCmethylaminojanthraquinone 

Methandrone 

Methane base 

Methane salt 

o-Methoxyacetanilide 

p-Methoxyacetanilide 

<4-Methoxy-'* -aminodiphenylamine 

2-Methoxy-4^-aminodlphenylamlne-2 '-sulfonic acid 

Methoxy aniline 

o-Methoxyanilincmethanesulfonio acid 

2-(o-Methoxyanilino)-5-nitrobenzenesulfonlc acid 

o-Methoxyanilino-p-sulfonlc acid 

Methoxybenzene 

p-Methoxybenzoic acid 

4-Methoxy-3 -ohloro-6 -carboxydiphenylamine 

2-Methoxy-6,9-diohloroacridine 

^ -Methoxy-<t-nitrodiphenylamine-2'-sulfonio acid 

2-[3-(2-Methoxy-4-nitrophenyl)-l-methyltriazeno]-5- 
sulfobenzoio acid. 

A-Methoxy-m-toluidine [CH3=l) 

6-Methoxy-m-toluidine [NH2=l] 

[ 3-(6-Methoxy-m-tolyl)-l-methyltriazeno) acetic acid- 

<i-Methyl-i-aminodiphenylamine-2-sulfonic acid 

Methylamlnosulfobenzoic acid 

o-Methylaniline 

Methylaniline (mono) 

2-Me thy Ibenz enthrone 

Methylbenzoic acid 

Me thy lenebis(toluenedi amine) 

4., 4- '-Methylene bis [o-tolylisooyanate] 

Methylenedl-p-phenyleneisocyanate 

4,4'-Methylenediphenylisocyanate 

Methylenedi-o-tolylene isooyanate 

2-Methyl-5-ethylpyTidine (MEP) 

"i-Methyl-V-hydroxycoumarin 

Methyl-p-hydroxy-m-nitrobenzoate 

l-Methyl-4-hydroxyquinolone 

3-Methyl-4-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)ben2ene- 

sulfonic acid. 
3-Methyl-l-(2-methyl-4-sulfophenyl)-5-pyrazolone 

N-(5-Methyl-<i-nitro-o-anisyl)-p-toluenesulfonamide— 

2-Methyl-5-nitrodiphenylamine 

3-Methyl-l-(m-nitrophenyl)-5-pyrazolone 

m-Methylphenol 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



a -Phenylphloretic acid. 
Chelidamio acid. 
8-Quinolinol. 
m-Cresol [OH=l]. 
o-Cresol [ OH=l] . 
p-Cresol [ oH=l] . 
2-Amlno-p-cresol [OH=l]. 
2,4-Cresotlc acid [COOH=l]. 



6-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 

6,6'-Iminobis[l-naphthol-3-sulfonio acid]. 

Oiinophthalone . 

p-Nitrobenzoio acid, isobutyl ester. 

Isoviolanthrone . 

Cumidine. 

Cumene. 

p-Toluenesulfonlo acid, isopropyl ester [SOjH^l] . 



6-Amlno-l-naphthol-3-sul/onlc acid. 

6 , 6 '-Iminobis [ l-naphthol-3-sulf onic acid ] . 

6,6 '-Ureylenebis[l-naphthol-3-sulfonlc acid]. 



8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,5-disulfonie acid. 
8-Amino-l,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonio acid. 



2-Amino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulf onic acid [ S03H=1] . 
5-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonio acid. 
Styphnic acid, lead salt. 
Styphnio acid, lead salt. 
Iji-Dimethylamlno-gjlO-anthradiol. 



3 ',<* -Dihydroxy-2-(dimethylamino)acetophenone. 

4,4^'-Methylenebis[N,N-diniethylaniline]. 

4,'4'-Methylenebls [3-hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid ] . 

o-Acetanisidide . 

p-Acetanisidide . 

N- (p-Methoxyphenyl ) -p-phenylenediamine . 

o-('i-Amino-2-anisidlno)benzenesulfonic acid [S03K=l]. 

Anisidine [NH2=1 ]. 

o-Anisidinamethanesulfonio acid. 

2-(o-Anisidino)-5-nltrobenzenesulfonic acid. 

i-Methoxymetanllic acid [S03H=l]. 

Anlsole. 

Anisic acid [C0OH=l]. 

'i-Chloro-N-(p-methoxyphenyl)anthranilic acid 

[C00H=1]. 
6,9-Dichloro-2-methoxyacridlne. 

2-(p-Anisldlno)-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
2- [3- ( 2-Methoxy-';-nitrophenyl ) - l-methyltriazen-3-yl ] - 

5-sulfobenzoic acid. 
5-Methyl-o-anisidine [NH2=l]. 
5-Methyl-o-anisidine [NH2=l]. 
[3-(6-Methoxy-m-tolyl)-l-methyltriazen-3-yl] acetic 

acid. 
5-Amino-2-(p-toluldino)benzenesulfonlc acid. 
N-Methyl-5-sulfoanthranilio acid. 
o-Toluidine [ NH2=l]. 
N-Methylaniline . 

2-Methyl-7H-benz [de] anthracen-7-one. 
p-Toluio acid [COOH=l]. 
5,5 -Methylenebis [toluene-2,'4-diamine ]. 
Isocyanlc acid, 3,3'-dimethyl-4,4'-methylenedi- 

phenylene ester. 
Isooyanic acid, methylenedl-p-phenylene ester. 
Isooyanio acid, methylenedi-p-phenylene ester. 
Isocyanlc acid, 3,3 '-dimethyl -4,4' -methylenedl- 

phenylene ester. 
5-Ethyl-2-picoline. 
4-Methylumbellif erone . 

p-Hydroxy-m-nitrobenzoic acid, methyl ester. 
l-Methyl-4( LH ) -quinolone . 
4-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)-m-toluene- 

sulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
4- ( 3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl ) -m-toluene- 

sulfonic acid. 

N-(5-Methyl-4-nitro-o-methoxyphenyl)-p-toluene- 

sulfonamide. 
5-Nitro-N-phenyl-o-toluidine [NH2=l] ■ 
3-Methyl-l-(m-nitrophenyl)-2-pyrazolin-5-one. 
m-Cresol [ OH=l] . 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



187 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names--Continued 



Conmon name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



o-Methylphenol 

p-Methylphenol 

4-Methyl-m-phenylenediisooyanate 

3-Methyl-l-phenyl-5-pyrazolone 

MethylphenylpyTazolone-3-sulfonio acid 

Methylphenylpyrazolone-4— sulfonic acid 

2-Methylpiperidine 

<i-(3-Methyl-5-pyTazolone)-m-toluenesulfonio acid 

Methylpyridine 

2-Methylqu incline 

3-Methyl-l-(m-sulfophenyl)-2-pyrazolin-5-one 

3-Methyl-l-(p-sulfophenyl)-2-pyrazolin-5-one 

Methylsulf ophenylpyrazolone , mixed 

S-Methyl-l-lp-sulfophenylj-S-pyrazolone 

Methyl-p-toluenesulfonate 

P-Methylumtelliferone 

2-Methyl-5-vinylpyridine (MVP) 

Michler's hydrol 

Michler's ketone 

Monobromobenzene 

Monoohlorobenzene 

Naphthalene sodium sulfonates 

Naphthalene-P-thioglycolio acid 

2(lH)-peri-Naphtha2olone 

o-Naphthionlc acid 

a-Naphthol 

P-Naphthol 

l-Naphthol-8-chloro-3,6-disulfonio acid 

2-Naphthol ethyl ether 

Naphthosulfochloride 

1,8-Naphthosultone 

Naphthylaoetonitrile 

a-Naphthylamine 

P-Naphthylamine 

l-Naphthylamine-3,6-disulfonio acid 

l-Naphthylamlne-3,8-disulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-'l,7-disulfonio acid 

l-Naphthylamine-<i,8-disulfonio acid 

2-Naphthylamine-l,5-disulfonio acid 

2-Naphthylamine-3,6-disulfonio acid 

2-Naphthylamine-4, 8-disulf onic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-5,7-disulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-6,3-disulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylam±ne-2-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-3-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-4-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-5-sulfonio acid 

l-Naphthylamine-6-sulfonio acid 

l-Naphthylamlne-6(and 7)-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-7-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-8-sulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-l-sulfonio acid 

2-Naphthylamine-5-sulfonio acid 

2-Naphthylamine-6-sulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-8-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-3,6,8-trisulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-3,6,8-trisulfonio acid 

l-Naphthylamino-2-carboxylic acid anthraquinone- 

1-Naphthylisocyanate 

a-Naphthyl isocyanate 

2-Naphthylmercaptoacetic acid 

Naphthylmethanesulfonio acid 

p-Naphthylthioglyoolio acid 

Nevlle & Winther's acid 

3-Nitro-4-aminoanisole [ CH30=1] 

'i-Nitro-2-aminoanisole [ CH30=l] 

5-Nitro-2-aminoanisole [ CH30=1] --- 

6-Nitro-2-aminoanisole [ CH30=1] 

o-Nitro-p-ami nophenol 

p-Nitro-o-aminophenol 

5-Nitro-o-aminophenol 

4-Nitro-2-amlnophenol-6-sulfonic acid 

6-Nitro-2-aminophenol-4-sulfonic acid 

A-Nitro-<i'-amino-2-sulfodiphenylamine 

5-Nitro-2-aminotoluene [ CH3 =l] 



o-Cresol [Ott=H. 

p-Cresol [ 0H=1]. 

Isocyanic acid, 4-methyl-m-phenylene ester. 

3-Methyl-l-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one. 

m-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyTazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic 

acid. 
p-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonio 

acid. 
2-Pipeooline . 
<i- ( 3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl ) -m-toluenesulf onic 

acid. 
Picoline. 
Quinaldine. 
m-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic 

acid. 
p-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic 

acid. 
m(and p)-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzene- 

sulfonio acid. 
p-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyTazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic 

acid. 
p-Toluenesulfonic acid, methyl ester [S03H=l]. 
4-Methylumbellif erone . 
5-Vinyl-2-picoline . 
4,'*'-Bis[dimethylainino]benzhydrol. 
4, '4' -Bis [ dimethylamino] benzophenone . 
Bromobenzene . 
Chlorobenzene (mono). 



Naphthalenesulfonio acids, sodium salt (mixed). 
(2-Naphthylthio) acetic acid. 
Naphthos tyr i 1 . 

l-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonio acid. 
1-Naphthol. 
2-Naphthol. 

8-Chloro-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 
2-Ethoxynaphthalene . 
1-Naphthalenesulfonyl chloride. 
l-Naphthol-8-sulfonic acid sultone. 
Naphthaleneacetonitrile . 
1-Naphthylamine . 
2-Naphthylamine . 

5-Amino-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
8-Amino-l,6-naphthalenedisulfonio acid. 
4-Amino-l,6-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
4-Amlno-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
2-Amino-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonlc acid. 
3-Amino-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
3-Amino-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
6-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid . 
7-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisuLfonio acid. 
l-Amino-2-napthalenesulf onic acid. 
4-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
Naphthlonic acid. 

5-Amlno-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
5-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
5 (and 8)-Amiiio-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
8-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
8-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
2-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
6-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
6-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
7-Jtaiino-l-naphthalenesulfonio acid. 
8-Amlno-l,3,&-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid. 
7- Amino- 1,3, 6-naphthalenet risulf onic acid . 
l-(l-Naphthylamino)-2-anthraquinoneoaTboxylic acid. 
Isocyanic acid, 1-naphthyl ester. 
Isocyanic acid, 1-naphthyl ester. 
(2-Naphthylthio) acetic acid. 
1-Naphthalenemethanesulfonic acid. 
(2-Naphthylthio) acetic acid. 
l-Naphthol-4-sulfonic acid. 
2-Nitro-p-anisidine [NH2=i]. 
5-Nitro-o-anisidine [nH2=i]. 
4-Nitro-o-anisidine [NH2=1]. 
3-Nitro-o-anisidine [nH2=i1. 
4-Amino-2-nitrophenol . 
2- Amino-4-nitrophenol . 
2-Amino-5-nitrophenol. 

6-Amtno-4-nitro-l-phenol-2-sulfonic acid. 
2-Amino-6-nitro-l-phenol-4-sulfonic acid. 
2-(p-Aminoanilino)-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid. 
■i-Nitro-o-toluidine [NH2 = i]. 



188 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names--Continued 



Conmon name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



p-Nltroanlline-o-suLfonic acid 

m-Nltro-p-anlsldlne [ CH30=l] 

3-Nltro-p-anlsldine [ CH30=1] •■ 

<;-Nltro-2-anlsldlne [ CH30=1] - 

5-Nitro-2-anlsldine [ CHsOsl] -- 

2-Nltroanlsole-'i-sulfodlethyi amide 

l-Nitroantliraquinone-2-carboxyllo acid 

Nitrobenzene-2,5-dlsulfonic acid 

l-Nitrobenzene-i-sulfonic acid 

2-Nltrobenzenesulfonlc acid 

3-Nltrobenzenesulfonic acid 

3-Nltrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

m-Nitroben2oyl J acid 

p-Nitrobenzoyl J acid 

m-Nitrochlorobenzene 

o-Nitrochlorobenzene 

p-Nitrochlorobenzene 

2-ttttro-i-chlorobenzene-'i-sulfobutylamlde 

2-Nitro-l-chlorDbenzene-'i-Eulfodiethylamlde 

o-Nltrochlorobenzene-iJ-sulionlc acid 

p-Nitrochlorobenzene-o-sulfonic acid 

3-Nitro-^-chlorobenzoylbenzolc acid 

"i-Nitro-6-chloro-l,3-dimethoxybenzene 

2-Nitro-4— clirorophenol 

2-Nitro-<i-chlorophenol-6-sulfonlo acid 

m-Nitro-p-chlorotoluene 

o-Nltro-p-chlorotoluene 

p-Nitro-o-chlorotoluene 

2-Nitfo-A-chlorotoluene 

m-Nitro-p-cresol [CH3=l] 

Nltrocresyl methyl ether 

Nltro-p-dlchlorobenzene 

o-Nltrodlphenyl 

p-Nitrodlphenyl 

^-Nltro-2-diphenylamtnesulfonlc acid 

<i-Nitrodlphenylamino-2-sulfonic acid 

2-Nitrohydroquinone, diethyl ether 

2-Nitrohydroquinone, dimethyl ether 

3-Nltro-<V-hydroxy-l-phenylarsonlc acid 

6-Nitro-4-methoxy-3-amlnotoluene [CH3=l] 

2-Nitro-4-methoxy-5-(p-toluenesu if on amldo) toluene 

A-Nltro-l-methylanlline 

l-Nitro-2-methylanthraqulnone 

2-Nitronaphthalene-"i,8-disulfonlo acid 

7-Nitro-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonlc acid 

"i-Nltronaphthalic acid tolyllmide 

2-Nitro-l-phenol-^,6-dlsulfonlc acid 

3-Nitrophenylhydrazlne 

p-(p-Nitropheny line rcapto) aniline 

1- ( m-Nitrophenyl ) -5 -pyrazolone -3-oarboxyllc acid 

Nitropyrazolonecarboxyllc acid 

p-Nitrosodiethylanlline 

p-Nltrosodimethylaniline 

Nltroso-P-naphthol 

3-Nitro-5-stearoylamlno-p-toluenesulfonic acid 

"i-Nltrotolueneanlllde 

6-Nitro-3- (p-toluenesuLf one ) araino-'4-methoxytoluene 

A- -^Nitro-p-toluenesulfone-o-tolulde 

o-Nltrotoluenesulfonio acid 

p-Nitrotoluene-o-suIfonic acid 

m-Nitro-o-toluldine rCH3=l] -- 

m-Nltro-p-toluidine [CH3=l] 

p-Nitro-o-toluidine [CH3=l] — 

3-Nitro-4-toluldine [ CH3=l] — 

4-Nitro-2-toluidine [CH3=l] — 

5-Nitro-2-toluidine [CH3=l] - 

Nitrotoluidine sulfone 

6-Nitro-o-toluldine-4-sulfonlc acid 

N-(4-Nitro-o-tolyl)-p-toluenesulfonamlde 

5-Nltro-l,2,<i-trichlorobenzene 

Nitroviolanthrene 

p-Nltro-o- xylene 

^-Nitro-l,3-xylene 

2-Nitro-l,'i-xylol 

'i-Nltro-l,3-xylol - 

Orthanlllc acid 

Oxalyl-p-nltroanillne 

Oxalyl-p-nitrophenylamlne 



2-Amino-5-nltrobenzenesulfonlc acid. 
2-Nitro-p-anlsidlne [NH2=1]. 
2-Nltro-p-anisldine [ NH2=1] . 
5-Nltro-o-anisidlne [ NH2=11 . 
4-Nitro-o-anisidine [ NH2=lJ • 

N, N-Diethyl-3-nitro-p-methoxybenzenesuLf onamlde . 
l-Nitro-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid. 
2-Nitro-p-benzenedlsulfonic acid. 
p-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
o-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
m-Nltrobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
m-Nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride [ S03Cl=l] . 
6-(m-Nltrobenzamido) -l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
6- (p-Nltrobenzamido ) - l-naphthol-3-sulf onic acid . 
l-Chloro-3-nitrobenzene . 
l-Chloro-2-nitrobenzene . 
l-Chloro-4-nitrobenzene . 

N-Butyl-4-chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamlde. 
4-Chloro-N,N-dlethyl-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamlde. 
4-Chloro-3-nltrobenzenesulfonlc acid. 
2-Chloro-5-nltrobenzenesulfonic acid. 
o-('»-Chloro-3-nltrobenzoyl)benzoic acid. 
6-Chloro-l,3-dimethoxy-<i-nitrobenzene. 
4-Chloro-2-nltrophenol. 

4-Chloro-6-nitro-l-phenol-2-sulfonic acid. 
'V-Chloro-3-nitrotoluene. 
<i-Chloro-2-nitrotoluene . 
2-Chloro-'i-nitrotoluene . 
4--Chloro-2-nitrotoluene . 
2-Nitro-p-cresol [0H=1] . 
4-Methyl-2-nltroanisole [CHsO^l]. 
l,4-Dlchloro-2-nitrobenzene. 
2-Nitrobiphenyl. 
'V-Nltrobiphenyl. 

2-AnHino-5-nltrobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=1). 
2-Anillno-5-nltrobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=1]. 
l,'^-Diethoxy-2-nitrobenzene . 
l,4-Diinethoxy-2-nltrobenzene. 
*+-Hydroxy-3-nltrobenzenearsonic acid . 
5-Methyl-4-nltro-o-anisidine [ NH2=l]. 
N- ( S-Methyl-'l-nitro-o-methoxyphenyl ) -p-toluenesu If on- 
amlde. 
5-Nltro-o-toluldine [nH2=i]. 
2-Methyl-l-nitroanthraqulnone . 
3-Nltro-l,5-naphthalenedlsulfonic acid. 
3-Nitro-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonlc acid. 
<i-Nitro-N-(p-tolyl)naphthalimlde. 
6-Nltro-l-phenol-2,<i-disulfonic acid. 
m-Nitrophenylhydrazine . 
p-(p-Nitrophenylthlo) aniline. 
1- (m-Nltrophenyl) -5-oxo-2-pyrazoline-3-oarboxyllc 

acid. 
l-(m-Nitrophenyl)-5-oxo-2-pyrazollne-3-oarboxylic 

acid. 
N,N-Diethyl-p-nltrosoaniline. 
N, N-Dime thy 1-p-nitrosoani line . 
l-Nitroso-2-naphthol. 
3-Nitro-5-stearoylamldo-p-toluenesulfonic acid 

[S03H=1] . 
5-Nltro-n-phenyl-o-toluldine [ NHj^l] • 
N- ( 5-Methyl-4-nitro-o-methoxyphenyl ) -p-toluene- 
su if onamide. 
4'-Nitro-p-toluenesulfono-o-toluldide. 
3-Nitro-p-toluenesulfonlc acid [SOsH^l]. 
5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
-i-Nitro-o-toluidine [ NH2 =1] • 
2-Nltro-p-toluidine [NH2=1]. 
5-Nitro-o-toluidine [NH2=l]. 
2-Nitro-p-toluldine [NH2=1]' 
5-Nltro-o-toluidine [NH2=1]. 
4-Nitro-o-toluldine [NH2=1]- 
"i'-Nitro-p-toluenesulfono-o-toluidide. 
4--Amlno-5-nitro-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
"i'-Nltro-p-toluenesulfono-o-toluidide. 
l,2,4-Trlchloro-5-nltrobenzene. 
16-Nltroviolanthrone . 
4-NltTO-o-xylene . 
4-Nitro-m-xylene. 
2-Nltro-p-xylene. 
"i-Nltro-m- xylene . 



o-Aminobenzenesulfonlc acid [S03H=1]. 
4 -Nltrooxanilic acid. 
"i'-Nltrooxanilic acid. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



189 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names- -Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



Oxalyl-m-phenyldiamine 

Oxalyl-p-phenyldi amine 

i-0xo-'»H-pyran-2,6-dicarboxylic acid 

2-Oxycarbazole 

a-Oxynaphthoic acid 

P-Oxynaphthoic acid 

Pentaanthramide 

Peri acid 

Phenethylene 

Phenol, sodium salt 

1-Phenylacetylcarbinol 

3-Phenylacrylophenone 

2-Phenylamine-5-naphthol-7-sulfonic acid 

2-Phenylamine-8-naphthol-6-sulfonic acid 

N-Phenylaniline 

Phenylarsonic acid 

N-Phenylazoaniline 

Phenylbiphenyl 

Phenyl bromide 

l-Phenyl-3-oarboxy-5-pyrazolone-4— sulfonic acid 

Phenyldiethanolamine 

N,N -p-Phenylenebis [acetamide] 

m-Pheny ienedi ami" nedisu If onic acid 

m-Phenylenediaminesulfonic acid 

p-Phenylenediaminesulfonic acid 

Phenylene nerol acid 

Phenylethanolamine 

Phenyl gamma acid 

Phenylhydrazine-p-sulfonic acid 

Phenylhydrazine-2-sulfonic acid 

Phenylhydrazine -3 -sulfonic acid 

N-Phenyl-N'-(P -hydro xyethyl)thiciurea 

Phenyl isocyanate 

Phenyl J acid 

Phenylmalonic ester 

Phenylmethanesulfonic acid 

Phenyl- P-naphthylamine 

N-Phenyl-l-nephthylamine-8-sulfonio acid 

o-Phenyl-P-(A-oxophenyl)propionic acid 

Phenyl peri acid 

N- Phenyl -p-phenylenediaminesulf onic acid 

l-Phenyl-5-pyrazolone-3-carboxylic acid, ethyl ester- 

Phenyl silicon chloride 

Phenyls tyryl ketone 

l-Phenyl-4'-sulfo-5-pyrazolone-3-carboxylic acid 

Phthalyl chloride 

3-Piperidino-l-propanol 

Piperidinopropyl alcohol 

Pot as s ium- 3 - chloro -6- c arboxy- 3 ' -methoxyd ipheny lamlne - 

n-Propyl-p-nitrobenzoate 

Pseudocumene 

Pseudooumidlne 

Parpuroxanthin 

Pyrazoleanthrone 

Pyrazoleanthrone yellow 

3-Pyrazolin-<4-ylacetic acid 

3-Pyrazolone 

5-Pyrazolone 

Pyrazolone G 

Pyrazolone T 

2-Pyridylethanol 

R acid— 

2R acid - — 

Red KB base 

Rhoduline acid 

S Acid 

2S (SS) acid - 

Schaeffer's acid 

Silver salt 

Sodium carbolate 

Sodium naphthionate 



3 -Aminooxanilide. 

4 '-Aminooxani lide . 
Chelidonlc acid. 
2-Hydroxyoarbazole . 
l-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid. 
3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid. 

l,'i,5,8-TetraM.s[l',l",l '",1 ""-anthraquinonyl- 

aminol anthraquinone . 
8-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
Styrene . 

Sodium phenoxide. 
l-Hydroxy-l-phenyl-2-propanone. 
Chalcone. 

6-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
7-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonio acid. 
Dlphenylamine . 
Benzenearsonic acid. 
1,3-Diphenyltriazene. 
Terphenyl. 
Bromobenzene . 
5-Oxo-l-(p-sulfophenyl)-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylio 

acid. 
2,2'-(Phenylimino)diethanol. 
N,N -(p-Phenylene)bis[ acetamide]. 
'i,6-Diamino-m-benzenedisulfonic acid. 
2,*i-Diaminobenzenesulfonic acid. 
2,5-Diaminobenzenesulfonic acid. 
5-Amino-2-(p- ami noanilino)benzenesulf onic acid. 
2- Ani linoethanol . 

7-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
p-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
o-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid iS03H=l]. 
m-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
1- ( 2-Hydroxyethyl ) -3-phenyl-2-thiourea . 
Isocyanic acid, phenyl ester. 
6-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
Phenylmalonic acid, diethyl ester. 
a-Toluenesulfonlc acid. 
N-Phenyl-2-naphthylamine . 
8-Anilino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
a-Phenylphlor*etic acid. 
8-Anilino-l-naphthalenesulfonlc acid. 
5-Amino-2-anillnobenzenesulfonlc acid [S03H=l]. 
5-0xo-l-phenyl-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxyllo acid, 

ethyl ester. 
Trichlorophenylsilane. 
Chalone . 
5-0x0-1- (p-su If ophenyl)-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxy lie 

acid. 
Phthaloyl chloride. 
1-Piperidinepropanol. 
1-Piperldinepropanol . 
«*-Chloro-N- (m-methoxyphenyl) anthranllio acid, 

potassium salt [COOH=ll. 
p-Nitrobenzoic acid, n-propyl ester. 
1,2, <i-Trime thylbenzene . 
2,^,5-Trimethylaniline . 
Xanthopurpurin . 
Anthra [1,9] pyr azol-6 ( 2H ) -one . 

[3,3'-Bianthra[l,9]pyrazole]-6,6'(2H,2'H)-dlone. 
3-Pyrazoline-4-acetic acid. 
3-Pyrazolin-5-one . 
2-Pyrazolin-5-one . 
p-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonio 

acid. 
5-0xo-l-(p-sulfophenyl)-2-pyTazoline-3-carboxylic 

acid. 
2-Pyrldlneethanol. 



2-Naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 
7-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-dlsulfonic acid. 
5-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=l]' 
6,6 '-Iminobis[l-naphthol-3-sulfonlc acid] 



8-Amino-l-naphthol-5-sulfonic acid. 
3-Amino-l-naphthol-5,7-dlsulfonic acid. 
2-Naphthol-6-sulfonic acid. 
2-Anthraquinonesulfonic acid, sodium salt. 
Sodium phenoxide . 
Naphthionic acid, sodium salt. 



190 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names- -Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



Sodium phenate 

Sodium phenolate 

Sodium-o-phenylphenolate 

Sodium tetrachloEophenolate 

Sodium triohlorophenolate 

Styrol - 

Sulfo BB acid- 

o-Sulfobenzaldehyde 

4-Sulfo-o-benzoylbenzoic acid 

l-Sulfo-5-nitroanthraquinone 

Sulfophenylmethylpyrazolone 

l-Sulfophenyl-5-pyrazolone-3-oarboxylic acid- 



Tetraaminoditolylme thane 

Tetrachloro-p-benzoquinone 

Tetrachloroquinone 

Tetraethyldiaminobenzhydrol 

Tet raethy Idi aminobenzophenone 

Tetraethyldiaminodiphenylmethane 

Tetraethyldiaminotriphenylmethane 

Tetrahydrophthalimide 

Tetramethyldiaminoacridine hydrochloride 

Tet ramethy Idi aminobenzophenone 

Tetramethyldiaminobenzoylhydrol 

Tetrame thy Idi aminodipheny line thane 

Tetramethyldiaminotriphenylme thane 

Thloanlline - 

Thioanilinedisulfonio acid 

p,p -ThiobiE(<i-amino-o-benzenesulfonic acid) 

Thiosalicylic acid 

Tobias acid 

a-Tolu amide 

Toluene-2,'i-diisocyanate 

p-Toluenesulfoohloride 

'i-Toluenesulfonamido-l-aminoanthraquinonesulfonic 
acid. 

P-Toluenesulfonic acid 

Toluene-2,4,6-triol 

4-Toluic acid 

a-Toluic acid 

m-Toluidine-o-sulfonio acid 

m-Toluidine-p-sulfonic acid 

o-Toluidine-m-sulfonic acid 

o-Toluidine-omega-sulfonic acid 

p-Toluidine-m-sulfonio acid 

p-Toluidine-o-sulfonic acid 

p-Toluidine-o-sulfonio acid, isopropyl ester 

3-Toluidine-6-sulfonic acid 

6-(p-Toluidino)metanilic acid 

a-Tolunitrile 

i-Tolunitrile 

l,3-(p-Tolylamino)anthraquinone 

p-Tolyl-o-benzoic acid 

o-Tolylcarblnol 

Tolylenediamine 

p-m-Tolylenediamine 

-i-m-Tolylenediamine 

5-m-Tolylenediamlne 

m-Tolylenediaminesulfonic acid 

m-Tolylene diisocyanates 

[3-(p-Tolyl)-l-methyltriazeno]acetic acid 

Tolyl peri acid 

2,^,6-Triaminobenzene trihydrochloride 

2,'+,6-Triaminotoluene trihydrochloride 

Trianthraquinonyldi-imide 

1,4-Trianthrimide 

Triohlorophenylsilicane 

1,2,'V-Trihydroxyanthraquinone 

1,2,6-Trihydroxyanthraquinone 

2,'i,6-Trihydroxytoluene 

1,3,5-Trijnethylbenzene 

2,'4,6-Trimethylpyridine 

Trinitrophenol 

2,'V,6-Trinitroresorcin 

1,2,4-Trioxyanthraquinone 

1,3,5-Triphenylhexahydro-s-triazine 

Triphenyl silicon chloride 



Sodium phenoxide. 

Sodium phenoxide. 

o-Phenylphenol, sodium salt. 

2,3,'i,6-Tetrachlorophenol, sodium salt. 

2,4,5-Trichlorophenol, sodium salt. 

Styrene . 

2-Benzoyl-"i-sulfobenzoic acid [COOH=l]. 

o-Formylbenzenesulfonic acid [SOjH^l]. 

2-Benzoyl-4-sulfobenzoic acid [COOH=l]. 

5-Nitro-l-anthraquinonesulfonic acid. 

p-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonio 

acid. 
5-Oxo-l-(p-sulfophenyl)-2-pyTazoline-3-carboxylio 

acid. 



5,5'-Methylenebis [toluene-2,'i-diamine]. 

Chloranil. 

Chloranil. 

4,4 -Bis [diethylaminojbenzhydrol. 

4,4 -Bis[diethylamino]benzophenone, 

4,4 -Methylenebis[N,N-diethylaniline] . 

4,4 -Benzylldenebis[N,N-diethylaniline]. 

4-Cyclohexene-l,2-dicarboximide. 

2,7-Bis[dimethylamino]aoridine hydrochloride. 

4,4 -Bis [dime thy lamino]benzophenone. 

4,4^-Bis[diethylamino] benzhydrol. 

4,4^-Methylenebis[N,N-dimethylaniline] . 

4,4 -Benzylidinebis[N,N-dimethylaniline] . 

4,4^-Thiodianiline. 

6,6 ^-Thiodimetanilic acid [S03H=l]. 

6,6'-Thiodimetanilic acid [S03H=l]. 

o-Mercaptobenzoic acid [COOH=l]. 

2-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

2-Phenylacetamide . 

Isocyanio acid, 4(and 2) -methyl -m-phenylene ester. 

p-Toluenesulfonyl chloride [S02Cl=ll. 

l-Amino-4-(p-toluenesulfonamido)-2-anthraquinone- 

sulfonic acid. 
p-Toluenesulfonic acid, methyl ester [S03H=l). 
2-Methylphloroglucinol. 
p-Toluic acid [C00H=l] . 
Phenylacetic acid. 

4-Amino-o-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
2-Amino-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
4-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
(o-Toluidino)methanesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
6-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
5-Amino-o-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
5-Amino-o-toluenesulfonic acid, isopropyl ester 

[S03H=l]. 
4-Amino-o-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
5-Amino-2-(p-toluidino)benzenesulfonic acid. 
Phenylacetonitrile. 
p-Tolunitrile. 

l,3-Di(p-toluidino)anthraquinone. 
o-(p-Tolyl)benzoic acid [COOH=l]. 
o-Methylbenzyl alcohol. 
Toluenedi amine . 
Toluene-2,5-diamine. 
Toluene-2,4-diamine. 
Toluene-3 , 5-diamine . 

4,6-Diamino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [SOsH^l]. 
Isocyanic acid, 4( and2) -methyl -m-phenylene ester. 
[3- (p-Tolyl)-l-methyltriazen-3-yl] acetic acid. 
8- (p-Toluidino ) -1-naphthalenesulf onic acid . 
1,3,5-Benzenetriamine trihydrochloride. 
Toluene-2,4,6-triamine trihydrochloride. 
1,4-Bis[l- anthraqu inonylamino ] anthraquinone . 
1,4-Bis [l-anthraquinonylamino] anthraquinone. 
Trichlorophenylsilane. 
Purpurin. 
Flavopurpurin. 
2-Methylphloroglucinol . 
Mesitylene . 
s-Collidine. 
Picric acid. 
Styphnic acid. 
Purpurin . 

Hexahydro-l,3,5-triphenyl-s-tria2tne. 
Ch lorot ripheny Is i lane . 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1956 



191 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names- -Continued 



Common name 


Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 








Styrene . 

Methyls tyrene . 

Dlnaphtho[l,2,3-cd,3',2',l'-lm]perylene. 

A-Biphenylamine . 
2,'i-Xylidine acetate. 

2-Amino-3,5-xylenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
4-Chloro-m- xylene . 




Violanthrene 




m-J^lidinesulfonic acid 





192 UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

D. Production and Sales of Cellulose Plastics 

Cellulose plastics are derived from cellulose acetate, cellulose 
propionate, cellulose butyrate, and mixtures of cellulose esters, 
and from cellulose nitrate and ethyl cellulose. The most important 
applications of cellulose plastics are in the manufacture of nnolded 
and extruded articles and accessories, such as umbrella handles, 
toys, buckles and decorative products, fittings for household and 
automotive equipment, and in packaging. The statistics given in 
table 30 were compiled from the Tariff Commission's monthly re- 
ports on the production and sales of synthetic plastics and resin 
materials. 

Production of cellulose plastics as a group in 1956 amounted to 
147 million pounds, or 1 . 5 percent more than the 145 million 
pounds reported for 1955. Sales were 145 million pounds in 1956, 
compared with 142 million pounds in 1955. In volume of output, 
cellulose acetate and mixed ester plastics were by far the most 
important products in the cellulose group. Production of these 
plastics in 1956 totaled 136 million pounds, compared with 134 
millionpounds in 1955. The output of cellulose nitrate plastics was 
5. 3 million pounds in 1956, compared with 4. 9 million pounds in 
1955. 



TABLE 30.--Cellulo 



plast ics: United States prorlucti 
[ In thousands of pounds ] 



anH -iales, 1956 



Production 



CelluloBe plastioB,^ total- 



146,972 



144,924 



Cellulose acetate and mixed esters, total- 
Sheets, under 0.003 gage 

Sheets, 0.003 gage and over 

All other sheets, rods, and tubes 

Molding and extrusion materials 

Nitrocellulose sheets, rods, and tubes 

Other cellulose plastics^ 



136,067 
19,384 
16,656 
7,282 
92,745 
5,254 
5,651 



134,930 
19,627 
16,533 
7,049 
91,721 
4,835 
5,159 



Includes weight of fillers, plasticizers, and extenders. 
^ Includes data for sheets, rods, and tubes, and molding and extrusion materials derived from ethyl cellu- 
lose and other cellulosic materials. 



■ftU. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1957 O -444899 



REPORTS OF THE UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION ON THE 
OPERATION OF THE TRADE AGREEMENTS PROGRAM 



*Operation of the Trade Agreements Program, June 1934 to April 1948, Rept. 
No. 160, 2dser., 1949: 

*Part I. Summary 

*Part II. History of the Trade Agreements Program 

*Part HI. Trade-Agreement Concessions Granted by the United States 

•Part IV. Trade- Agreement Concessions Obtained by the United States 

*Part V. Effects of the Trade Agreements Program on United States 
Trade 

Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: Second Report, April 1948- 
March 1949, Rept. No. 163, 2d ser., 1950 

'Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: Third Report, April 1949- 
June 1950, Rept. No. 172, 2d ser., 1951 

'Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: Fourth Report, July 1950- 
June 1951, Rept. No. 174, 2d ser., 1952 

Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: Fifth Report, July 1951- 
June 1952, Rept. No. 191, 2d ser., 1954 

'Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: Sixth Report, July 1952- 
June 1953, Rept. No. 193, 2d ser., 1954 

Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: Seventh Report, July 195^ 
June 1954, Rept. No. 195, 2d ser., 1955 

Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: Eighth Report, July 1954- 
June 1955, Rept. No. 197, 2d ser., 1956, 550 

tOperation of the Trade Agreements Program: Ninth Report, July 1955- 
June 1956, Rept. No. 199, 2d ser., 1957 



NOTE.^The reports preceded by an asterisk (*) are out of print; the report preceded by a 
dagger (f) is in press and 'will be available shortly. The other report listed may be purchased 
from the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, 
D. C. See inside front cover for other reports. All U. S. Tariff Commission reports reproduced 
by the U. S. Government Printing Office may be consulted in the offical depository libraries 
throughout the United States. 




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