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?3>36.a-t7 3/Y7>i' 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

United States Production 
and Sales, 1957 



[GPO €1. No. 
TC 1.9: 203] 



Report No. 203 
Second Series 





Ka?y^ 



f:!?''4Rv 



3 9997*Wi««f I 



RECENT REPORTS OF THE UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 
ON SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



♦Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1952 

(Rept. No. 190, 2d ser., 1953) 
Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1953 

(Rept. No. 194, 2d ser., 1954), 550 
Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1954 

(Rept. No. 196, 2d ser., 1955), 600 
♦Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1955 

(Rept. No. 198, 2d ser., 1956) 
Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1956 

(Rept. No. 200, 2d ser., 1957), 650 



MISCELLANEOUS SERIES 

tUnited States Import Duties (1958), $3.00 (subscription price); $1.00 addi- 
tional for foreign mailing 
Forty-first Annual Report of the United States Tariff Commission (1957), 25< 



NOTE.^The reports preceded by an asterisk (*) are out of print; the report preceded by a 
dagger (t) is in press and will be available shortly. The other reports listed may be purchased 
from the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, 
D. C. See inside back cover for other reports. All U. S. Tariff Commission reports reproduced 
by the U. S. Government Printing Office may be consulted in the official depository libraries 
throughout the United States. 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



United States Production 
and Sales, 1957 



UNDER THE GENERAL PROVISIONS 
OF TITLE III, PART II, SECTIONS 332 
AND 333 OF THE TARIFF ACT OF 1930 



UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON : 1958 



Report No. 203 • Second Series 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Edgar B. Brossard, Chairman 
Joseph E. Talbot, Vice Chairman 
Walter R. Schreiber 
Glenn W. Sutton 
J. Weldon Jones 
William E. Dowling 

DONN N. Bent, Secretary 



Address all communications 

UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Washington 25, D. C. 



Boston Public Library 
Superintendent of Documents 



•FEB 2 5 1959 

DEPOSITORY 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office 
Waslilngton 25, D. C. - Price 60 cents 



i 



CONTENTS 

Page 

Introduction v 

Summary ix 

PART I. PRODUCTION AND SALES OF TARS, TAR 
CRUDES, AND CRUDES DERIVED FROM PETRO- 
LEUM AND NATURAL GAS 

Tars - 1 

Tar crudes 2 

Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical 

conversion 4 

PART II. PRODUCTION AND SALES OF INTER- 
MEDIATES AND FINISHED SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS, BY GROUPS 

General 7 

Cyclic intermediates 10 

Dyes 14 

Toners and lakes 27 

Medicinals 32 

Flavor and perfume materials 37 

Plastics and resin materials 39 

Rubber-processing chemicals 43 

Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) 45 

Plasticize r s 46 

Surface -active agents 48 

Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals 50 

Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals 52 

PART III. ALPHABETICAL LIST OF INDIVIDUAL 

PRODUCTS, BY GROUPS, AND NAMES OF 

MANUFACTURERS 

Tar crudes 57 

Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical 

conversion 58 

Cyclic intermediates 60 

Dyes -- - 79 

Toners and lakes 96 

Medicinals 103 

Flavor and perfume materials 118 

Plastics and resin materials 123 

Rubber-processing chemicals 126 

Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) 129 

Plasticizer s 129 

Surface -active agents 132 

Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals 138 

Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals 141 

Directory of manufacturers 159 

ill 



IV 



APPENDIX 



Page 



A. United States imports of coal-tar intermediates and 

finished coal-tar products 177 

B. Research workers and research expenditures in the 

synthetic organic chemical industry 179 

C. Glossary of synonymous names of cyclic intermediates -^ 180 

D. Production and sales of cellulose plastics 195 



Introduction 

This ^s the forty-first annual report of the United States Tariff 
Commission on production and sales in the United States of synthetic 
organic chemicals and the raw materials from which they are made. 
The report gives statistics for 1957 on production and sales af crude 
organic chemicals derived from coal, natural gas, and petroleum; 
of intermediates; and of finished synthetic organic chemical prod- 
ucts. The finished products are grouped according to their princi- 
pal use- -dyes, toners and lakes, medicinals, flavor and perfume 
materials, plastics and resin materials, rubber-proceesing chemi- 
cals, elastomers, plasticizers, surface -active agents, pesticides 
and other organic agricultural chemicals, and miscellaneous cheini- 
cals. The use classifications of finished synthetic organic chemicals 
are obtained principally from the manufacturers' annual reports to 
the Tariff Comrrtission; other sources include trade associations, 
the chemical literature, chemical dictionaries, encyclopedias, and 
consultants in the chemical industry. With a few exceptions, the 
report does not cover organic chemicals (such as wood-distillation 
products, essential oils, and naval stores) that are derived from 
natural (vegetable) sources by simple extraction or distillation. 
The Commission has compiled the statistics presented in this re- 
port from information supplied by the 664 primary manufacturers 
listed in part III. 

The raw materials referred to in this report are obtained from 
coal, crude petroleum, natural gas, and certain other natural 
materials, such as vegetable oils, fats, rosin, and grains. Crude 
organic chemicals are derived from coal by thermal decomposition, 
from petroleum and natural gas by catalytic cracking and by dis- 
tillation or absorption, and from other natural sources by fer- 
mentation. Production of these crude organic chemicals is the 
first step in the manufacture of synthetic organic chemicals. From 
these crudes, intermediates are obtained by synthesis or refining; 
most of the intermediates then are converted into finished chemi- 
cal products, such as medicinals, plastics and resin materials, 
and dyes. Intermediates usually are not sold directly to the ulti- 
mate consumer, but are used by the producing companies them- 
selves --or by other industrial concerns --in their manufacturing 
processes. 

In this report, the statistics on production include the total 
output of the reporting companies' plants, i.e., the materials 
produced for consumption within the plants, as well as those pro- 
duced for sale. The quantities reported as produced, therefore, 
generally exceed the quantities reported as sold. Part of some of 
these differences, however, are due to changes in inventories. As 
specified in the reporting instructions that the Commission sends 
to manufacturers, and as used in this report, production and sales 
(unless otherwise specifically indicated) are defined as follows: 

Production is the total quantity of a commodity made available 
by original manufacture only. It is the sum, expressed in terms 
of the basis specified in the reporting instructions, of the quantities 
of a commodity-- 



VI INTRODUCTION 

(1) Produced, separated, and consumed in the same plant or 

establishment (a commodity is considered to be separated 
when it is withdrawn from the process); 

(2) Produced and transferred to other plants or establishments 

of the same firm; 

(3) Produced and sold to other firms (including production for 

others under toll agreements*); 

(4) Produced and held in stock. 

Production excludes -- 

(1) Commodities that have already been reported by the original 

producer but are purified in the process, unless inclusion 
of such purified commodities is specifically called for in 
the reporting instructions; 

(2) Intermediate products that are formed in the manufacturing 

process but are not withdrawn from the reaction system; 

(3) Materials that are used in the process and are recovered 

for reuse or sale, unless inclusion of such materials is 
specifically called for in the reporting instructions. 

Sales are defined as actual sales of commodities by original 
manufacturers only, accompanied by passage of title. Sales in- 
clude -- 

(1) Shipments of commodities for domestic use or for export, 

or segregation of commodities in a warehouse when title to 
them has passed to the purchaser in a bona "fide sale; 

(2) Shipments of commodities produced by other manufacturers 

under toll agreements. 

Sales exclude -- 

(1) All intracompany transfers, unless such transfers qualify as 

transactions under the definition of sales given above; 

(2) All sales of purchased commodities; 

(3) All shipments of commodities produced for others under toll 

agreements. 

The value of a sale is defined as the net selling value of the 
commodities involved, f. o.b. plant or warehouse. 

Data on the chemicals covered in this report are usually given 
in terms of undiluted materials. The principal exceptions are the 
statistics on dyes and a few solvents, which are reported in terms 
of commercial concentrations; the statistics on certain plastics 
and resins, which are reported on a dry basis; and the data on sales 
of antibiotics, which are reported on the basis of specific condi- 
tions mentioned in the section on medicinals. The report specifi- 
cally notes those products for .which the statistics are reported in 
terms of commercial concentrations. 

The average unit values of sales for groups of products 
shown in the tables accompanying this report are weighted 



lA toll agreement is an agreement between two firms, under which one firm furnishes the raw 
materials and pays the processing costs and the other firm prepares the finished product and returns 
it to the first firm. 



INTRODUCTION 



vli 



averages for products which vary widely in unit values and in 
the quantities sold. 

Regardless of the number of companies that produce a particular 
commodity, data on production and sales are not published in this 
report if there is any possibility that such publication would violate 
the statutory provisions relating to unlawful disclosure of informa- 
tion accepted in confidence by the Commission.* 

Statistics on tars and tar crudes include data furnished directly 
to the Tariff Commission by distillers of coal tar, water-gas tar, 
and oil -gas tar; data furnished to the Division of Bituminous Coal 
of the United States Bureau of Mines by coke-oven operators; and 
data furnished to the American Gas Association by producers of 
water-gas and oil-gas tar. 

Statistics on United States imports in 1957 of coal-tar inter- 
mediates and finished coal-tar products that entered under para- 
graphs 27 and 28 of the Tariff Act of 1930 are given in appendix 
A. Appendix B includes a table that shows the number of technically 
trained research workers in the synthetic organic chemical industry 
and the cost of research in the industry. Appendix C is a glossary 
of the common (or trivial) names of coal-tar intermediates usually 
encountered in the trade, together with their equivalent standard 
(or Chemical Abstracts ) names. Appendix D summarizes the data 
on production and sales of cellulose plastics that were reported to 
the Commission monthly during 1957. 



*Sec. 4(a). Federal Reports Act of 1942 (56 Stat. 1079, 5U.S.C. 139b) and sec. 1, Public 
Law 685, 80th Cong., 2d sess. (62 Stat. 791, 18 U.S. C. 1905). 



Summary 

Combined production of all synthetic organic chemicals and 
their raw materials in 1957 was 84, 847 million pounds--3. 5 per- 
cent more than the output in 1956 (see table I). Sales totaled 
45, 375 nnillion pounds, valued at 6, 077 million dollars in 1957- - 
showing a decline of 0, 3 percent in quantity and an increase of 4. 2 
percent in value, compared with 1956. As these data include those 
on the production and sales of chemicals at several successive 
steps in the manufacturing process, they necessarily include much 
duplication. 

Production in 1957 of all synthetic organic chemicals (excluding 
their raw materials) totaled 43, Z36 million pounds, or 6. 1 percent 
more than the output of 40, 752 million pounds in 1956. The volume 
of output of all individual groups of finished synthetic organic 
chemicals increased in 1957 compared with 1956, except dyes, 
toners and lakes, and pesticides and other organic agricultural 
chemicals. 

TABLE 1. '-Synthetic organic chemicals and their raw materials: United States production and sales, 

1956 and 1957 



In- 
crease 
or de- 
crease 
(-), 
1957 
over 
1956^ 



Quantity 



In- 
crease 
or de- 
crease 
(-) 
1957 
over 
1956^ 



In- 
crease 
or de- 
crease 

(-), 
1957 
over 
1956^ 



Grand totals- 



Million 
pounds 

82,020 



Million 
pounds 
84,847 



Uillion 
pounds 

45,518 



Million 
pounds 

45,375 



ifillion 
dollars 

5,831 



Million 
dollars 

6,077 



Xar 1 

Tar crudes' 

Crude products from 
petroleum and natural 
gas 



Synthetic organic 

chemicals, total- 



8,810 
14,560 



17,898 



40,752 



9,156 
14,361 



18,094 



43,236 



3.9 
-1.4 



6.1 



4,470 
9,274 



11,032 



20,742 



4,720 
8,629 



10,330 



21,696 



5.6 
-7.0 



4.6 



53 
283 



5,116 



62 
272 



5,367 



Intermediates 

Dyes ■■ 

Toners and lakes 

Medlclnals 

Flavor and perfume 

materials 

Plastics and resin 

materials 

Rubber-processing 

chemicals 

Elastomers (synthetic 

rubbers) 

Plasticizers 

Surface-active agents — 
Pesticides and other 

organic agricultural 

chemicals 

Uiscellaneous chemicals 



6,600 
152 
41 



45 

3,977 

167 

2,314 

417 

1,148 



570 
25,232 



6,927 
143 
38 
99 

45 

4,340 

1£16 

2,354 

442 
1,206 

512 
26,944 



5.0 
-5.6 
-7.9 
10.5 

1.4 

9.1 

11.2 

1.7 
6.1 
5.0 



-10.2 
6.8 



2,556 
155 
33 
73 

39 

3,465 

132 

2,156 

331 

1,047 



399 
10,356 



2,600 
127 
30 
80 

42 

3,789 

132 

2,099 

363 

1,123 



433 
10,878 



1.7 
-17.8 
-10.5 

9.3 

7.5 

9.4 

-.3 

-2.6 
9.5 

7.3 



8.5 
5.0 



444 

185 

58 

506 

.55 

1,142 

81 

588 
106 
208 



173 
1,570 



451 

164 

57 

576 

58 

1,234 

85 

577 
llA 
217 



178 
1,656 



^ Percentages calculated on figures rounded to thousands, 
s This total includes much duplication. 

Excludes products derived from petroleum, but includes products derived from tar and from coke-oven gas. 



ix 



X SUMMARY 

First in the order of the size of the percentage increase in pro- 
duction between 1956 and 1957 were rubber-processing chemicals, 
the output of which increased by 11.2 percent. The output of medi- 
cinals increased 10, 5 percent; plastics and resins, 9. 1 percent; 
miscellaneous chemicals, 6. 8 percent; plasticizers, 6. 1 percent; 
surface -active agents and intermediates, each 5.0 percent; 
elastomers, 1.7 percent; and flavor and perfume materials, 1.4 
percent. 

Production of pesticides and other organic agricultural chemi- 
cals was 10. 2 percent smaller in 1957 than in 1956; that of toners 
and lakes was 7. 9 percent smaller; and that of dyes, 5. 6 percent 
smaller. 



PART I. PRODUCTION AND SALES OF TARS, TAR CRUDES, 

AND CRUDES DERIVED FROM PETROLEUM AND 

NATURAL GAS 

Tars 

Coal tar is produced chiefly by the steel industry as a byproduct 
of the manufacture of coke; water-gas tar and oil-gas tar are pro- 
duced by the fuel-gas industry. Production of coal tar, therefore, 
depends on the demand for steel; production of water-gas tar and 
oil-gas tar reflects the consumption of manufactured gas for indus- 
trial and household use. Water-gas and oil-gas tars have proper- 
ties intermediate between those of petroleum asphalts and coal tars. 
Petroleum asphalts are not usually considered to be raw materials 
for chemicals. 

The quantity of tar produced in the United States from all 
sources in 1957 was 916 million gallons, or 3.9 percent more than 
the 881 million gallons produced in 1956. Of the total quantity pro- 
duced in 1957, 874 million gallons was coal tar and 42 million 
gallons was water-gas and oil-gas tar (see table 2). 

Total consuinption of tar in 1957 amounted to 874 million gal- 
lons, of which 674 million gallons was consumed by distillation, 
173 million gallons as fuel, and 27 million gallons in miscellane- 
ous uses. 



•Tar: United States production and consumption, 1956 and 1957 

[In thousands of gallons] 



Product 


1956 


1957 


PRODUCTION 


880,967 


915,574 




Water-gas and oil-gas tar"-- 

Coal tar from coke-oven byproduct plants,^ total 


48, UO 
832,827 


42,100 
873,474 


Plants not owned by city gas companies 


822,717 
10,110 

904, 2A3 


864,822 
8,652 

873,999 


CONSUMPTION 




Tar consumed by distillation, total 


734,019 


673,622 


Water-gas and oil-gas tar distilled by producers and tar distillers^ 


58,129 
285,805 
390,085 

Wl, 915 


44,775 
258,365 
370,482 

172,893 


Coal tar distilled by tar distillers* — 

Tar consumed chiefly as fuel, total 


Water-gas and oil-gas tar consiimed as fuel' 

Coal tar sold or consumed as fuel by coke-oven operators^ 

Tar consumed otherwise than by distillation or aa fuel, total 


3,490 
138,425 

28,309 


172,893 
27,484 


Coal tar consumed at coke-oven plants for roads and upkeep^ 

Coal tar, water-gas tar, and oil-gas tar processed at tar refineries, 
crude tar consumed for upkeep at such refineries, and tar consumed in 
making gas and in special-purpose tar blends' 


1,398 
26,911 


3,281 
24,203 



■"• Reported to the American Gas Association. 
^ Reported to the U. S. Bureau of Mines. 
^ Reported to the U. S. Tariff Commission. 

* Represents tar purchased from companies operating coke ovens and gas-retort plants and distilled by 
companies operating tar-distillation plants. 

' Reported to the American Gas Association and to the U. S. Tariff Commission. 



2 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 

Tar Crudes 

Tar crudes are obtained from coke-oven gas and by distilling 
coal tar, water-gas tar, and oil-gas tar. The most important tar 
crudes are benzene, toluene, xylene, naphthalene, and creosote 
oil. Some of the products derived from coal tar are identical with 
those produced from petroleum and natural gas. Data for materials 
derived from these latter sources are, for the most part, included 
in or with the statistics for materials derived from coal tar, which 
are shown in tables 3 and 4A.* 

Total domestic production of industrial and specification grades 
of benzene amounted to 332 million gallons in 1957 --slightly less 
than the 337 million gallons reported for 1956. These totals include 
benzene produced from domestic tar&, from imported and domestic 
crude light oil, from domestic petroleum, and from imported 
motor-grade benzene. Sales of benzene amounted to Z77 million 
gallons, valued at 98 million dollars, in 1957, compared with 284 
million gallons, valued at 103 million dollars, in 1956. The output 
of toluene from all sources (including material produced for use in 
blending in aviation fuel) amounted to 198 million gallons in 1957- - 
an increase of 13. 8 percent over the 174 million gallons reported 
for 1956. Sales of toluene in 1957 amounted to 130 million gallons, 
valued at 33 million dollars. The output of xylene in 1957 (includ- 
ing that produced for blending in motor fuels) was 127 million 
gallons; sales amounted to 83 million gallons, valued at 23 million 
dollars. More than 90 percent of the xylene produced in 1957 was 
derived from petroleum sources. 

Production of crude naphthalene in 1957 amounted to 420 million 
pounds--14. 5 percent less than the 491 million pounds reported for 
1956. Sales of naphthalene were 276 million pounds, valued at 17 

TABLE 3. --Tar and tar crudes: Suirniery of production and sales of specified products, average 1952-56,. annual 

1956 and 1957 



Chemical^ 



quantity 



Average 
1952-56 



decrease (-), 

1957 
over 1952-56 



deoreaae (-), 

1957 

over 1956 



Tar: Productions- 
Benzene : 

Production 

Sales 

Value of sales- 
Toluene : 

Production 

Sales 

Value of sales- 
Xyleue : 

Production 

Sales 

Value of sales- 
Naphthalene : 

Production 

Sales 

Value of sales- 
Creosote oil: 

Production 

Sales 

Value of sales- 



1,000 gal 

1,000 gal 

1,000 gal 

1,000 dol 

1,000 gal 

1,000 gal 

1,000 dol 



,000 gal- 
,000 gal- 
,000 dol- 



,000 Ib— 
,000 lb— 
,000 dol- 

,000 gal- 
,000 gal- 
,000 dol- 



851,002 

285,058 

240,176 

92,454 

155,965 
123,478 
35, 103 

107,922 
70,553 
18,442 

381,823 

252,342 

14,368 

132,764 
127, 167 
24,786 



'880,967 

336,590 
284,457 
102,759 

173,594 
135,201 
35,166 

^136,277 
85,295 
22,300 

491,430 

288,975 

18,657 

132,450 
138,358 
26,919 



16.3 
15.1 
6.0 

26.7 
5.3 
-5.4 

17.9 
17.7 
22.2 

10.1 
9.4 
21.7 

-4.1 
-6.2 
-.2 



915,574 

331,548 

276,504 

97,982 

197,559 
129,989 
33,223 

127,208 
83,014 
22,536 

420,267 

275,950 

17,490 

127,368 
119,345 
24,728 



-1.5 
-2.8 
-4.6 

13.8 
-3.9 
-5.5 

-6.7 
-2.7 



-W.5 
-4.5 
-6.3 

-3.8 

-13.7 
-8.1 



^ For details concerning statistics shown in this table, see table 4A. 

s Includes data for oil-gas, water-gas, and gas-retort tar reported to the American Gas Asaociation, and 
for coal tar reported to the Division of Bituminous Coal, U. S. Bureau of Mines. 
^ Revised. 
* Includes data for material produced for use in blending motor fuels. 



1 See also table 4B, part III, which lists these products and identifies the manufacturers. 



TAR CRUDES : 

TABLE 4A. --Organic chemicala: United States production ^nd sales of tar crudes, 1957 

[Listed below are all tar crudes for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. Table 
(IB in part III lists separately all products for which data on production or sales were reported and iden- 
tifies the manufacturers reporting to the U. S. Tariff Commission] 



of 
quantity 



Pro- 
duction 



Quantity 



Unit 
value^ 



Crude light oil - — 

Intermediate light oil: Coke-oven operators 

Light-oil distillates: 
Benzene, specification and industrial grtides, 

total 

Tar distillers^ - 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

Toluene, all grades, total 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators — — — — — — ~. 

Petroleum operators 

J^lene, all grades, total^ 

Tar distillers t 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

Solvent naphtha, total 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators 

All other light-oil distillates, total 

Tar distillers »- 

Coke-oven operators 

Pyridine crude bases (dry basis) 

Naphthalene, crude (solidifying at less than 
79° C.) (tar_ distillers and coke-oven 

operators)*- 

Crude tar-aold oils: 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators 

Cresylio acid, crude (less than 75it distilling 
over 215° C): Tar distillers 

Creosote oil (Dead oil) (tar distillers and 

coke-oven operators), total'- 

Distillate as such (lOOjt creosote basis) 

Creosote in coal-tar solution (lOOJt solution 

basis) 7 

Creosote content of solution (lOOjt creosote 
_ basis) 

All other distillate products' 

Tar, road 

Tar, crude and refined, for other uses' 

Pitch of tar: 

Soft and medium (water softening point less 
than 110° F., and 110° F. to 160 F., ASTU 

D61-24) 

Hard (water softening point above 160° F.) 

Pitch of tar coke and pitch emulsion 



1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 

1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 

1,000 lb— 

1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 

1,000 lb — 

1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 

1,000 gal- 

1,000 gal- 

1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 

1,000 tons- 
1,000 tons- 
1,000 tons- 



301,859 
1,267 



331,5*8 

36,112 

179,252 

116,184 

197,559 

-;,659 

37,985 

154,915 

127,208 

1,319 

10,793 

115,096 

21,157 

U,879 

6,278 

12,843 

9,949 

2,894 

1,351 



420,267 



990 
26,217 



4,897 



127,368 



101,227 

26,141 

18,333 

37,576 
94,919 
42,600 



1,156 
751 
28 



14,970 
1,380 



276,504 

24,787 

171,944 

79,773 

129,989 

4,109 

37,095 

88,785 

83,014 

1,282 

10,358 

71,374 

21,727 

15,467 

6,260 

9,183 

6,241 

2,942 

550 



275,950 



673 
27,238 



119,345 



92,211 

27,134 

18,194 

22,242 
77,047 
28,029 



569 
474 



1,000 
lollars 
3,141 
253 



97,982 

8,911 

59,080 

29,991 

33,223 

1,152 

10,226 

21,845 

22,536 

390 

3,204 

18,942 

5,599 

3,974 

1,625 

1,870 

1,088 

782 

506 



17,490 



287 
7,229 



24,728 



19,467 
5,261 



3,385 

13,602 

5,569 



23,664 
18,510 
1,029 



$0.21 
.18 



.35 
.36 
.34 
.38 
.26 
.28 
.28 
.25 
.27 
.30 
.31 
.27 
.26 
.26 
.26 
.20 
.17 



.43 

.27 



41.59 
39.05 
38.11 



^ Unit value per gallon, pound, or ton, as specified. 

* Includes data for benzene produced from iaiported crude light oil. 

3 Includes data for material produced for use in blending motor fuels. 

* Statistics represent combined data for the 3 commercial grades of naphthalene to avoid disclosure of in- 
dividual company operations. Owing to conversion between g«u3es, the figures may Include some duplication. 

' Statistics include data for only creosote oil sold for, or used in, wood preserving. 
' Includes data for shlngle-stain oil and neutral oils produced by tar distillers, and for crude sodium 
phenolate produced by coke-oven operators. 

' Includes data for tar used for paint, pipe covering, saturating, and other uses. 

Note. — Statistlifs for materials produced in coke and gas-retort ovens are compiled by the Division of Bitu- 
minous Coal, U. S. Bureau of Mines. Statistics for materials produced in tar and petroleum refineries are 
cciQ)lled by the U. S. Tariff' Commission. 



4 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 

million dollars, in 1957, compared with 289 million pounds, valued 
at 19 million dollars, in 1956. In 1957 the total output of creosote 
oil, used principally in wood preserving, was 127 million gallons, 
or about 4 percent less than the 132 million gallons produced in 
1956. Production of road tar in 1957 was 95 million gallons -- 
slightly more than the 92 million gallons reported for 1956. 

Some of the products included in the statistics in table 4A are 
derived from other products, data for which are also included in 
the table. The statistics, therefore, involve considerable duplica- 
tion, and for this reason no group totals or grand totals are given. 
After as much duplication as possible has been elinninated, it is 
estimated that the net value of production of these products and of 
tar burned as fuel was 403 million dollars in 1^' 7, compared with 
392 million dollars in 1956 and 378 million dollars in 1955. 

Crude Products from Petroleum and Natural Gas for 
Chemical Conversion 

Crude products that are derived from petroleum and natural gas 
are related to the intermediates and finished products made from 
such crudes in much the same way that crude products derived 
from the distillation of coal tar are related to their intermediates 
and finished products. Many of the crude products derived from 
petroleum are identical with those derived from coal tar (e. g. , 
benzene, toluene, and xylene). Considerable duplication exists in 
the statistics on the production and sales of petroleum crudes 
because some of these crude chemicals are converted to other 
crude products derived from petroleum and because data on some 
production and sales are reported at successive stages in the 
conversion processes (see table 5A*). Notwithstanding these du- 
plications, the statistics are sufficiently accurate to indicate 
trends in the industry and to serve as a basis for general com- 
parison. Many of the crude products for which data are included in 
the statistics may be used either as fuel or as basic materials 
from which to derive other chemicals, depending on prevailing 
economic conditions. In this report, every effort has been made to 
exclude data on materials that are used as fuels. However, data 
are included on xylene that is not used directly as a fuel but in 
blending aviation and motor-grade gasolines. 

Production of crude products derived from petroleunn and 
natural gas as a group amounted to 18,094 million pounds in 1957, 
or 1. 1 percent more than the 17, 898 million pounds reported for 
1956. The larger output in 1957 is accounted for chiefly by the 
increase in the production of certain aliphatic hydrocarbons, prin- 
cipally ethylene, propane, butadiene, and propylene. Sales of 
crude chemicals from petroleum were 10, 330 million pounds, 
valued at 376 million dollars, in 1957, compared with 11,032 
million pounds, valued at 379 million dollars, in 1956. 

The output of all aronnatic and naphthenic products amounted to 
3, 569 million pounds in 1957, compared with 3, 459 nnillion pounds 
in 1956. Sales were 2,429 million pounds, valued at 87 million 
dollars, in 1957- -representing a decline from 1956 of 73 million 
pounds in terms of quantity and 5 million dollars in ternns of value. 



2 See also table 5B, part III, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manu- 
facturers. 



CRUDE PRODUCTS FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS 



TABLE Sh. -Synthetic organi 



chemicals: United States production end sales of crude products from petroleum 
and natural gas for chemical conversion, 1957 



[Listed below are the crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which any re- 
ported data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted 
In confidence and may not be published or where no data were reported.) Table 5B In part III lists sepa- 
rately all products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which data on production or 
sales were reported and Identlfleij the manufacturer of each] 



Grand total 

ARQMATICS AND NAPHTHENES^ 
Total— - 

Alkyl aromatlcs, distillates, and solvents 

Benzene (l°and 2°), total 

Benzene, 1° 

Benzene, 2° 

Cresyllo acid, crude 

Naphthenlc acids, total 

Acid number 225-2A9 — 

All other 

Toluene, all grades, total 

Nitration grade, 1° 

Pure commercial grade, 2° 

All other 

Xylenes, mixed, total 

Aviation grade 

All other^ 

All other aromatlcs and naphthenes* 

ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS 

Total— 

Ci hydrocarbon: Methane 

C2 hydrocarbons, total 

Ethane 

Ethylene' 

C3 hydrocarbons, total 

Propane . 

Prqpane-propylene mixture 

Propylene 

C4 hydrocarbons, total 

1,3-Butadiene, grade for rubbers (elastomers)* 

Butadiene and butylene fractions 

n-Butane 

1-Butene and 2-butene mixture'' 

Isobutane 

Isobutylene 

All other^ 

C5 hydrocarbons' 

All other aliphatic hydrocarbons and derivatives, total' 

Dl-isobutylene 

1-Dodecene (Tetrapropylene) 

Nonene (Trlpropylene) 

Hydrocarbon derivatives-'-'' 

All other'-^ 



Quantity 



1,000 

pounds 

18,093,893 



3,569,^95 



671,196 
851,628 



307, 537 
5<W,091 

35,191 

16,774 



6,055 
10,719 

1,121,585 



590, 516 
-^09,965 
121,10iV 

829,843 



10,329,858 



2,429,087 



625,358 
584,736 



268,432 
316,304 

13,544 

12,353 



6,198 
6,155 

642,803 



185,629 
644, 214 
43, 278 

14,524,398 



4, 586, 161 



639, 559 
3,946,602 

4,249,571 



2,462,927 

274,726 

1,511,918 

4,573,550 



1,541,568 
436,964 
496,801 
929,891 
401,448 
310, 650 
456,228 

141, 518 

973,598 



324,055 
272,803 
45,945 

514,607 



1.000 
dollars 
376, 140 



87,138 



12,956 
29,991 



15,469 
14, 522 

409 

1,356 



737 
619 

21,845 



514,607 
35,686 



7,900,771 



39,622 
827, 273 



208,018 
619,255 

3,395,818 



2,435,333 
273,797 



2,966,702 



11, 254 
8,905 
1,686 



Unit value-"- 



pound 

$0,036 



.021 
.051 



.058 

.046 

.030 
.110 



18, 942 
1,639 



289,002 



529 

31, 619 



2,221 
29,398 

44,143 



110,449 

340,370 

89,020 

4,353 

429,406 



934,462 
51,374 
377,914 
850, 863 
403, 652 
213, 115 
135,322 

134,839 

536,517 



181,112 

63,156 

4,133 

288, 116 



26,459 
3,058 
14, 626 

189,204 



.119 
.101 

.034 
.035 
.033 
.037 



.037 
.046 



136,298 
2,004 
3,655 
29,198 
5,783 
7,783 
4,483 

3,423 

20,084 



5,800 

2,538 

952 

10, 794 



.013 

.038 
.010 
.047 
.013 
.010 
.011 
.021 

.064 
.146 
.039 
.009 
.034 
.014 
.037 
.033 

.025 

.037 



.032 
.040 
.230 
.£137 



■"- Calculated on rounded figures. 

^ The chemical raw materials designated as aromatlcs are in some cases identical wi-th -those obtained from the 
distillation of coal tar. However, the statistics glvSn in "this table relate only to such materials as are de- 
rived from petroleum and natural gas. Statistics on aromatic chemicals from all sources are given in table 4A 
covering tar crudes. 

^ Includes xylene blended in motor gasoline. 

* Includes data for sodium oresylate, l,4-me-thano-2,5-cyclopentadlene, mixed pyridines, sodium carbolate and 
phenate, and hydrocarbon polymers. 

' Includes a fmall amount of e-thylene from coke-oven gas. 

' In 1957 all butadiene was produced in privately owned plants. For some years prior to 1956 separate statis- 
tics are available on butadiene production for both private and Government accounts. 

' The statistics represent principally -the butene content of crude refinery gases from which butadiene is 
manufactured. 

* Includes data for 1-butene, 2-butene, n-butylene, and mixed olefins. 
' Includes data for pentanes, pentenes, Isoprene, and mixtures. 

^° Includes data for dl-tert-butyldisulfide, miscellaneous meroaptans, and aliphatic acids. 

■'-■'- Includes data for acetylene, hexanes, heptanes andheptenes, octanes and octenes, polybutene, eloosane, 
and hydrocarbon mixtures. The above data do not include any acetylene produced from calcium carbide. The total 
production of acetylene for chemical processing from all sources, as reported by the U. S. Bureau of -the 
Census, for 1957 amounted to 630,584 -thousand pounds. (Acetylene production figures converted from cubic feet 
to pounds, as follows: 1 cubic foot weighs 0.07323 pound at 32° F. and 1 atmosphere pressure.) 



6 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 

Benzene and toluene were produced from petroleum sources in 
substantially larger quantities in 1957 than in 1956; production of 
cresylic acid increased by 18. 2 percent. Production of 1° and 2° 
benzene from petroleum amounted to 852 million pounds in 1957, 
compared with 818 million pounds in 1956--representing an in- 
crease of 4. 1 percent. The output of xylene was 830 million pounds 
in 1957, compared with 895 million pounds in 1956. These figures 
include xylene used in blends in aviation and motor -grade gasolines. 
The output of naphthenic acids amounted to 17 million pounds in 
1957, compared with 23 million pounds in 1956. Production of 
cresylic acid was 35 million pounds in 1957, compared with 30 
million pounds in 1956; the output of toluene was 1, 122 million 
pounds in 1957, compared with 947 million pounds in 1956--indi- 
cating an increase of 18. 5 percent. 

Production of all aliphatic hydrocarbons and derivatives from 
petroleum and natural gas was 14, 524 million pounds in 1957, 
compared with 14,439 million pounds in 1956. Sales of these prod- 
ucts were 7, 901 million pounds, valued at 289 million dollars, in 
1957, compared with 8, 530 million pounds, valued at 288 million 
dollars, in 1956. The statistics on acetylene (footnote 11, table 5A) 
include only that which was produced from calcium carbide and 
from natural gas and used as a raw material in the production of 
other chemicals. The statistics exclude acetylene used for welding 
and lighting. Total production of acetylene (principally from cal- 
cium carbide), as reported to the Bureau of the Census, amounted 
to 631 million pounds in 1957, compared with 571 million pounds 
in 1956. Production of ethylene was 3, 947 million pounds in 1957, 
or 9. 6 percent more than the 3, 602 million pounds produced in 
1956. The output of the C3 hydrocarbons, propane, propylene, and 
propane -propylene mixture was 4, 250 million pounds in 1957, 
compared with 3, 824 million pounds in 1956--representing an in- 
crease of 11.1 percent. Production of 1, 3 -butadiene was 1, 542 
million pounds in 1957, compared with 1, 502 million pounds in 
1956. Production in 1957 of 1, 3-butadiene, one of the principal 
ingredients of the S type of synthetic rubber, was the largest 
on record. 



PART n. PRODUCTION AND SALES OF INTERMEDIATES AND 
FINISHED SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, BY GROUPS 

General 

On the basis of their principal uses, the synthetic organic 
chemicals covered in this report are classified either as inter- 
mediates or as finished products. Finished products, in turn, are 
grouped as follows: Dyes, toners and lakes, medicinals, flavor and 
perfume materials, plastics and resin materials, rubber -process- 
ing chemicals, elastomers (synthetic rubbers), plasticizers, sur- 
face-active agents, pesticides and other organic agricultural 
chemicals, and miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals. Most 
of these groups are further subdivided, according to chemical 
classes, into cyclic and acyclic compounds. 

As most of the intermediates are used in the manufacture of 
finished products, aggregate figures that cover both internnediates 
and finished products necessarily include much duplication. 

Total production of all synthetic organic chemicals (interme- 
diates and finished products combined) was 43, 236 million pounds 
in 1957, or 6. I percent more than the output in 1956 (see table 6). 
Sales totaled 21, 696 million pounds, valued at 5, 367 million 
dollars, in 1957, compared with 20, 742 million pounds, valued 
at 5, 116 million dollars, in 1956. Production of all cyclic products 
(intermediates and finished cyclic products combined) in 1957 
totaled 13, 561 million pounds, or 3. 8 percent more than the 13, 069 
million pounds produced in 1956. In 1957 production of acyclic 
organic chemicals (finished acyclic products and intermediates 
combined) was 29, 675 million pounds, or 7. 2 percent more than 
the 27, 684 million pounds produced in 1956. 



•'Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary of United States production and sales of intermediates 
and finished products, average 1952-56, annual 1956 and 1957 

[Production and sales in thousands of pounds; sales value In thousands of dollars] 



Average 
1952-56 



Increase, or 
decrease (-) 



1957 
over 
1956 



Organic chemicals, cyclic and acyclic, 
grand total: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Cyclic, total: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value ■■ 

Acyclic, total: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

1. Intermediates, Cyclic 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value-T 



31,955,788 
17,217,765 
'1,362,763 



10,537,757 
6,584,170 
2,197,-177 



21,'il8,031 

10,633,595 

2,165,286 



5,219,964 

2,010,481 

360,693 



40i752,268 

20,742,146 

5,115,614 



13,068,747 
7,953,733 
2,566,569 



27,683,521 

12,788,413 

2,549,045 



6,599,759 

2,556,405 

443,844 



43,235,878 

21,695,910 

5,366,864 



13,561,419 
8,096,534 
2,649,739 



29,674,459 
13,599,376 
2,717,125 



6,927,191 

2,599,999 

451,086 



26.0 
23.0 



28.7 
23.0 
20.6 



38.5 
27.9 
25.5 



32.7 
29.3 
25.1 



6.1 
4.6 
4.9 



3.8 
1.8 
3.2 



7.2 
6.3 
6.6 



1.7 
1.6 



491001 O -58 -Z 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



TABLE 6. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Suimary of United States production and sale 
and finished products, average 1952-56, annual 1956 and 1957- -Continu 



[Production and sales in thousands of pounds; sales value in thousands of dollars] 



Average 
1952-56 



Increase, or 
decrease (-) 



1957 

over 

1952-56 



1957 
over 
1956 



Dye 



CycU 



Production 

Sales ■ 

Sales value 

a. Colour Index Group 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

b. Prototj-pe Group 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

c . Ungrouped 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

3. Toners and Lakes, Cycl 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

ti. Medicinals 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 



5. Flavor and ferfum 



Mate 



iaU 



Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

6. Plastics and B 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales -- 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 



7. Pubbe 



Che 



Cyclic : 

Production- 
Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic : 
Production- 
Sales 

Sales value 



15i,715 
149, 65-; 
173,520 



109,408 

105,468 

90,689 



29,432 
28,576 
50,085 



15,875 
15,610 
32,746 



41,658 
35,656 

56,148 



56,767 
45,578 
419,594 

16,710 
14,405 
27,557 



21,080 
17,986 
26,269 

15,630 
14,688 
21,887 



1,716,893 

1,413,015 

385,623 

1,413,909 

1,306,521 

542,683 



125,846 
96,032 
55,582 

23,410 
18,818 
12,950 



151,575 
154,547 
185,443 



108,856 
111,889 
99,249 



28,134 
27,762 
50,673 



14,585 
14,896 
35,521 



40,992 
33,066 
57,788 



65,802 

53,499 

473,717 

23,573 
19,642 
32,212 



25,391 
20,723 
32,865 

19,267 
18,446 
21, 



2,018,274 

1,654,687 

455,068 

1,959,195 

1,810,023 

687,351 



141,494 
111,173 
67,253 

25,655 
21,058 
13,409^ 



143,052 
126,963 
164,200 



99,097 
88,111 
85,349 



29,377 
25,460 
43,808 



14,578 
13,392 
35,043 



37,757 
29,588 
56,901 



68,745 
53,176 
539,220 

30,006 
26,782 
36,778 



27,252 

22,147 
35,721 

18,042 
19,968 
22,842 



2,087,902 

1,732,619 

480,905 

2,252,506 

2,056,851 

753,204 



155,579 
109,632 
70,363 

30,225 
22,181 
14,208 



-15.2 
-5.4 



-.2 

-10.9 



-9.4 

-17.0 

1.3 



16.7 
28.5 



15.4 
35.9 
4.4 



59.3 

57.4 
38.8 



23.6 
14.2 
26.6 

29.1 
17.9 



GENERAL 



TABLE 6. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary of United States production and sales of intermediates 
and finished products, average 1952-56, annual 1956 and J9J7- -Continued 

[Production and sales in thousands .of pounds; sales value in thousands of dollars] 



Average 
1952-56 



Increase, or 
decrease (-) 



1957 

over 

1952-56 



1957 
over 
1956 



8. Elastoi^ers (Synthetic Rubbers) 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

9. Plasticiiers 

Cyclic ; 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

10. Surface-Active Agents 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

11. Pesticides and Other Organi 
Agricultural Chemicals 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

12. Miscellaneous 

Cyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 



1,4^6,425 

1,450,606 

345,557 

514,909 
500,900 
203,829 



251,485 

201,389 

62,474 

83,343 
69,454 
27,679 



620,959 
537,388 
100,871 

352,471 

315,788 

78,770 



385,962 
309,432 
114,432 

67,869 
53,802 
25,979 



496,003 

316,953 

96,714 

18,929,780 
8,339,219 
1,223,952 



1,807,694 

1,679,569 

402,738 

506,339 
476,287 
184,845 



315,343 

243,656 

72,502 

101,445 
87,677 
33,987 



751,614 
689,722 
110,374 

396,392 

357,099 

97,624 



473,965 
342,863 
135,257 

95,962 
56,538 
37,651 



676,844 
413,823 
129,720 

24,555,693 
9,941,643 
1,440,157 



1,850,897 

1,620,348 

389,976 

503,442 
479,064 
186,737 



329,290 

265,426 

76,276 

112,916 
97,448 
37,400 



774,558 
741,400 
119,337 

431,397 

381,584 

97,622 



407,450 
339,556 
132,330 

104,102 
93,600 
45,709 



751,746 
455,680 
133,424 

26,191,823 
10,421,898 
1,522,625 



28.0 
11.7 
12.9 



-4.4 
-8.4 



30.9 
31.8 
22.1 

35.5 
40.3 



24.7 
38.0 
18.3 

22.4 
20.8 
23.9 



5.6 
9.7 



53.4 
74.0 



51.6 
43.8 
38.0 

38.4 
25.0 
24.4 



2.4 
-3.5 
-3.2 



.6 
1.0 



4.4 
8.9 
5.2 



3.1 

7.5 



-14.0 
-1.0 
-2.2 



65.6 
21.4 



11.1 
10.1 
2.9 

6.7 
4.8 
5.7 



The following tabulation shows, by chemical groups, the num- 
ber of companies that reported production in 1957 of one or more 
of the chemicals included in the groups listed in table 6: 



Kionber 
Chemical group of 

companies 

Intermediates 160 

Dyes -- 54 

Toners and lakes 46 

Medicinals 126 

Flavor and perfume materials 51 

Plastics and resin materials 230 

Rubber-processing chemicals 27 



Svjnber 
Chemical group of 

companies 

Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) 23 

Plasticizers 53 

Surface-active agents 157 

Pesticides and other organic 

agricultural chemicals 82 

Miscellaneous chemicals 262 



lO SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 

Cyclic Intermediates 

Cyclic intermediates are synthetic organic chemicals derived 
principally from coal-tar crudes produced by destructive distilla- 
tion (pyrolysis) of coal and from petroleum and natural gas. Most 
cyclic intermediates are used in the manufacture of more ad- 
vanced synthetic organic chemicals and finished products, such 
as dyes, medicinals., explosives, elastomers (synthetic rubbers), 
pesticides, and plastics and resin materials. Some intermediates, 
however, are sold as end products without further processing. 
For example, refined naphthalene may be used as a raw material 
in the manufacture of 2-naphthol or of other more advanced in- 
termediates, or it may be packaged and sold as a moth repellent 
or as a deodorant. In general, the way in which the greater part 
of the output of a given chemical is. consumed determines its use 
classification in this report. Table 7A* gives statistics on pro- 
duction and sales of cyclic intermediates in 1957. Intermediates 
for which individual statistics are given in the table represent 
more than 80 percent of the total quantity produced. Since many 
of the intermediates included in the statistics represent succes- 
sive steps in production, the totals necessarily include con- 
siderable duplication. In 1957 about two-fifths of the total output 
of cyclic intermediates was sold; the rest was consumed chiefly 
by the producing plants in the manufacture of more advanced 
intermediates and finished products. 

Because of increased demand by a number of consuming in- 
dustries (particularly the industries that produce plas'jiics, surface - 
active agents, and rubber), the total output of cyclic intermediates 
in 1957 was 6, 927 million pounds, or 5. percent more than the 
previous record high of 6, 600 million pounds reported for 1956. 
Sales of cyclic intermediates in 1957 amounted to 2, 600 million 
pounds, valued at 451 million dollars, compared with 2, 556 mil- 
lion pounds, valued at 444 million dollars, in 19 56 --indicating 
an increase of 1. 7 percent in quantity and I. 6 percent in value. 

In 1957 the output of many individual intermediates was at about 
the same level as in 1956. Production in 1957 of each of two inter- 
mediates exceeded 1 billion pounds; the output of styrene totaled 
1, 166 million pounds (less than I percent below that in 1956) and 
that of ethylbenzene, 1, 165 million pounds (0. 5 percent less than 
in 1956). Ethylbenzene is used almost entirely in the manufacture 
of styrene, which, in turn, is usied in the manufacture of plastics 
materials and synthetic rubber. Large -volume intermediates the 
output of which was substantially larger in 1957 than in 1956 were 
cyclohexane (which showed an increase of 73. 3 percent), isopro- 
pylidenediphenol (Bisphenol A) (an increase of 46. 9 percent), 
a-methylstyrene (an increase of 26.2 percent), a-chlorotoluene 
(an increase of 17.9 percent), p-dichlorobenzene (an increase of 
15.4 percent), phthalic anhydride (an increase of 12.9 percent), 
and cyclohexanol (an increase of 10.4 percent). Production of 
many important intermediates, on the other hand, was smaller in 
1957 than in 1956. The output of refined cresylic acid declined 
19. 1 percent; that of chlorobenzene, 16. 7 percent; refined 
naphthalene, 10.7 percent; aniline, 8.6 percent; and dodecyl- 
benzene, 6. 5 percent. 

1 See also table 7B, part III, which lists- these products alphabetically and identifies the manu- 
facturers; part A of the appendix, which shows Imports of intermediates and related products 
during 1955-57; and part C of the appendix, which is a glossary of synonymous names of cyclic 
intermediates. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



II 



TABLE 7A. --Synf/ietic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of cyclic intermediates, 1957 

rusted below are all cyclic Intermediates for which any reported data on production or sales may be pub- 
lished. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or 
where no data were reported.) Table 7B in part III lists alphabetically all cyclic Intermediates for which 
data on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each. Part C in the appendix 
lists alphabetically all the important common names of cyclic intermediates usually met with in the trade 
and gives the corresponding standard ( Chemical Abstracts ) name under which data are presented in tables 7A 
and 7B] 



Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown- 
Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below— 



Acetanilide, tech. and U.S.P 

i'-Aminoaoetanilide (Acetyl-p-phenylenediamine) 

5-Amino-2(p-aminoanilino)benzenesulfonic acid 

5-Amino-2-anilinobenzenesulfonic acid 

2-(p-Aminoanllino)-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

1-Aminoanthraquinone and salt 

2-Aminoanthraquinone and salt 

6-Amino-3,'i'-azodi(benzenesulfonio acid) 

l-Amino-A-benzaraidoanthraquinone 

l-Amino-5-benzamidoanthraquinone 

6-(p-Aminobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid 

l-Amino-<i-bromo-2-anthraquinonesulfonic acid 

l-Amino-5-ohloroanthraquinone 

l-Amino-5(and 8) -chloroanthraquinone 

2-Amino-3-ohloroanthraquinone 

2-Amino-4-chlorophenol 

6-Amlno-'i-chloro-l-phenol-2-sulfonic acid 

2rAminD-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonlc acid [S03H=ll 

l-Amino-4-hydroxyanthraquinone 

3-Amino-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Cassella acid) 

6-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Amino I acid) 

2-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Tobias acid) 

5-Ajnlno-l-naphthalenesulfonio acid (Laurent's acid) — 

5-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (1,6-Cleve's acid) 

5(and 8) -Amlno-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid (Cleve's acid, mixed) — 

6-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Broenner's acid) 

8-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonio acid (Peri acid) 

8-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (1,7-Cleve's acid) 

8-Amino-2-naphthol 

8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid (H acid), monosodium salt- 
8-Amino-l-naphthol-5,7-disulfonic acid (Chicago acid) (2S acid), 

monosodium salt 

l-Amino-2-naphthol-';-sulfonic acid (1,2,'4-Acid) 

6-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (J acid), sodium salt 

7-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (Gamma acid), sodium salt 

2-Amlno-5-nitroben2enesulfonic acid [SOjH^l] 

2-Amino-4-nitrophenol 

2-Aiiiino-l-phenol-'i- sulfonamide 

2-Ailliio-l-phenol-'t-sulfonic acid 

p-(p-Aiiiinophenylazo)benzenesulfonic acid 

. 4-Aiiiliio-iE-toluenesulf onic acid [SOsH^l] 

5.Aiiiljio-2-(p-toluidino)benzenesulfom.c acid 

|;2-AmIl>o-3,5-xylenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

Aniline (Aniline oil) 

Anlllnomethanesulfonic acid and salt 

8-Anllino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Phenyl peri acid) 

6-Anllino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (Phenyl J acid) 

7-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonlc acid (Phenyl gamma acid) 

o-Anisidine 

o-Anisidinomethanesulfonic acid 

Anthranilic acid (o-Amlnobenzoic acid) 

Anthraquinone, lOOjt 

1,5-Anthraquinonedlsulfonic acid 

1,8-Anthraquinonedisulfonic acid, potassium salt 

2,6-Anthraquinonedisulfonic acid and salt ■ 

l-Anthraquinonesulfonic acid and salt 

N,N'-(l,5-Anthraquinonylene)dianthranllic acid 

Anthrarufin (1,5-Dihydroxyanthraquinone) 

Benzaldehyde, tech 

l-Benzamido-5-chloroanthraquinone 

7H-Ben2 [de] anthraoen-7-one (Benzanthrone) 

Benzidine hydrochloride and sulfate 

Benzilic acid 

Benzoic acid, tech ■ 

o-Benzoylbenzoic acid = 

('i,4'-Bi-7H-benz[de]anthracen)-7,7 -dlone 

1,4-Bis [l-anthraqulnonylamino] anthrtiquinone 

'i,4'-Bis[dimethylamino]benzhirdrol (Michler's hydrol) 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 

pounds 

6,927,191 



1,144,422 
5,782,769 



1,000 1,000 

pounds dollars 

2,599,999 451,086 



609,606 
1,990,393 



2,780 

304 

40 

86 

104 

842 

770 

51 

32 

120 

24 



12 

57 

15 

19 

1,007 

34 

160 

879 

3,133 

127 

338 

131 

71 

332 

311 

127 

1,797 

61 

1,490 

591 

825 

38 

75 

37 

149 

145 

299 

44 

62 

112,626 

155 

223 

40 

11 



292 

1,919 

392 

66 

130 

1,758 

23 

170 

1,766 

66 

1,606 

1,231 

17 

4,270 
328 
101 



2,876 



141,722 
309,364 



Unit 
value ^ 



pound 



41,977 
23 



1,627 



12 
2,388 



,160 
"48 



22 
701 



1.83 
.29 



12 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



TABLE 7A. --Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of cycli 

19 57 --Continued 



intermediates t 



Quantity Value ^^i 
value -^ 



4,'i'-Bls^[dimethylamlno]benzophenone (Miohler's ketone) 

3-Bromo-7H-beiiz [de] anthracen-7-one (Bromobenzanthrone) 

m-Chloro aniline 

1-Chloroanthraquinone 

2-Chloroantliraquinone 

o-Chlorobenz aldehyde 

Chlorobenzene, mono 

o-(p-Chlorobenzoyl)benzolc acid 

l-Chloro-2,'4-dinltrobenzene (Dinitrochlorobenzene) 

<t(and 5)-Chlorometanllic acids, total 

6-Chlorometanilio acid 

l-Chloro-2-methylanthraquinone 

2-Chloro-i-nltroaniline (o-Chloro-p-nitroaniline) 

<i-Chloro-2-nitroaniline (p-Chloro-o-nitroaniline) 

l-Chloro-5-nitroanthraquinone 

4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonaniide 

<i-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonlo acid 

2-Chloro-5-nitroben2enes\ilfonic acid and sodium salt 

<l-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

o-('4-Chloro-3-nitroben2oyl) benzoic acid 

2-Chloroquinizarin 

a- Chloro toluene (Benzyl chloride) 

4-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=1] (5-Chloro-o-toluidine [CH3=1]) (Fast red 

TR base) 

5-Chloro-o-toluidine hydrochloride [NH2=1] 

(4-Chloro-2,5-xylylthio) acetic acid 

s-Collidine (2,<;,6-Trimethylpyridine) 

Cresols, total^ -■ 

0-, m-, and p-Cresols 

(m,p)-Cresol, total 

From coal tar 

From petroleum 

(o,m,p)-Cresol, total 

From coal tar^ 

From petroleum : 

Cresylic acid, refined, total^ 

From coal tar 

From petroleum 

Cumene 

Cyclohexane 

Cyclohexanol 

Cyolohexanone 

p-Cymene 

1,4-Diaminoanthraquinone- 

1,5-Diaminoanthraqulnone 

2,6-Diaminoanthraquinone 

2,'i-Diaminobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

<i,'i'-Diamino-2,2'-biphenyldisulfonic acid 

l,"i-Diamlno-2,3-dihydroanthraquinone 

'4,'i'-Diamino-2,2'-stilbenedisulfonic acid 

4,6-Diamino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l] 

4,5'-Dibenzamido-l,l'-imlnodianthraquinone 

1,5-Dibenzoylnaphthalene 

3,9-Dibromo-7H-benz [de] anthracen-7-one 

1,5-Dichloroanthraquinone 

1,5 (and l,8)-Dlehloroanthraquinone 

1,8-Dichloroanthraquinone 

o-Dichlorobenzene 

p-Di chlorobenzene 

3,3 '-Dichlorobenzidine base and salts 

2,5-Dichloro-<i-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic acid 

l,<i-Dichloro-2-nitrobenzene (Nitro-p-dichlorobenzene) 

2,5-Dichlorosulfanilic acid [S03H=l] 

p-Diethylaminobenz aldehyde 

m-Diethylnmi nophenol (N,N-Dlethyl-3-amlnophenol) 

N,N-Diethylaniline - — - - 

'i,5-Dihydroxy-2,7-naphthalene-dis\ilfonic acid (Chromotropic acid) 

6j7-Dihydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

16,17-Dihydroxyviolanthrone (Dlhydroxydibenzanthrone) 

N,N-Dimethylaniline 

2,2'-Dimethyl-l,l'-bianthraquinone 

2,4-r)initroaniline 

p-( 2, A-Dinltroanilino) phenol 

1,5 (and 1,8)-Dlnitroanthraquinone 

m-Dinltrobenzene 

2,'4-Dinitrophenol, tech : 

A,4'-Dinitro-2,2'-stllbenedisulfonic acid 

l,'»-Di(p-toluidino)anthraqulnone 

Dodecylbenzene (including Iceryl-type benzenes)* 

See footnotes at end of table. 



109 
185 

191 

533 

216 

376,732 

1,301 

5,902 

38 

24 

95 

3U 

471 

142 

129 

223 

322 

137 

83 

14 

14,907 

31 



44,624 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



7,768 
19,900 

7,839 
12,061 
16,956 
11,261 

5,695 

65,353 



29,631 
35,722 

169,810 

463,287 

97,179 

135,654 

74 



237 

1,046 

14 

196 

38 

lU 

42 

29 

18 

26,428 

66,457 

1,317 

72 

447 

34 

8 

192 

899 

68 

317 

325 

7,257 



1,919 

456 

1,406 

43 

454,661 



3,595 



40,398 



5,976 
17,851 

7,589 
10,262 
16,571 
11,294 

5,277 

43,854 



8,568 



20,645 
23,209 

2,832 



3,366 



18,782 
54,295 
1,409 



369,140 



1,388 
5,182 
1,221 
3,961 
1;998 
1,407 
591 

4,759 



2,575 
2,184 



1,952 
5,614 
1,878 



812 
1,334 
52 



46,883 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



13 



TABLE 7A --Synthetic org.iriic chemicnls: United St/ites production and sales of cyclic intermediates. 

1957 --Cnntimieri 



N-Ethylaniline, refined 

2-(N-£tliylantlino)ethanol -- 

a-CN-Ethylanilino)-p-tolueni."Sulfonio acid 

Ethylbenzene 

N-£thyl-N-phen;abenzylamine (N,N-Ethi'lbenzylaniline) 

o-Formj'lbenzt-'nesulfonio acid (o-Sulfobenzaldehyde) 

p-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid 

l-Hydroxyanthraquinone 

3-Mydroxy-2-naphthoic acid (B.O.N.) 

l,l'-Iminobis[4-aininoanthraquinone ] 

l,l'-Iminobis [5-benzamidoanthraquinone] 

fi,6'-Iminobis[l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid] 

l,l'-Iminobis [A-nitroanthraquinone] 

l,l'-Iminodianthraquinone (Dianthrimide) 

Isooyanic acid, A-methyl-m-phenylene ester 

<i,.4'-Isopropylidenediphenol (Bisphenol A) 

Isoviolanthrone (Isodibenzanthrone) 

Leucoquinizarin (l,>4,9,10-Anthratetrol) 

Leuco tetrahydroxyanthraquinone 

Metanilamide 

Metanilic acid (m-Aminobenzenesulfonio acid) 

2-Methyl-l-nitroanthraquinone 

p-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonio acid- 

3-Methyl-l-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one (Developer Z) 

3i-Methylstyrene 



Naphthalene, solidifying at 79 C. 
From American crude naphthalene- 
From imported crude naphthalene- 



or above (refined flake), total — 



2,7-Naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

Naphthionic acid, sodium salt 

1-Naphthol (a-Naphthol) 

2-Naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid (R acid) 

2-Naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid, dlsodium salt 

2-Naphthol-6,8-disulfonic acid (G acid) 

l-Naphthol-S-sulfonic acid 

2-Naphthol-6-sulfonic acid (Schaeffer's acid) 

2-Naphthol-7(and 8)-sulfonio acids, total 

Naphth[l,2]oxadiazole-5-sulfonic acid 

2- (Naphthylthio) acetic acid 

m-Nitroaniline 

2-Nitro-p-anisidine [NH2=l] 

4-Nitro-o-anisidine [NH2=l] 

5-Nitro-o-anisidine [NH2=1] 

l-Nitro-2-aiithraquinonecarboxylio acid 

5-Nitro-l-anthraquinonesulfonic acid 

Nitrobenzene 

m-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

m-Nitrobenzoic acid 

5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

2-Nitro-p-toluidine [NH2=1] 

4-Nitro-o-toluidine [NH2=1] 

16-Nitroviolanthrone 

Nitroxylene mixtures 

Nonylphenol 

l-(7-0xo-7H-benz[de]anthracen-3-ylamino)anthraquinone 

1, 1' - ( 7-0xo-7H-ben2 [de] anthracen-3, 9-ylenediimino) dianthraquinone- 

5-0xo-l-phenyl-2-pyTazoline-3-carboxylic acid 

5-0xo-l-(p-sulf ophenyl) -2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid 

(Pyrazolone T) 



Phenol, grand total^ 

Natural, total 

From coal tar, total- 

825t-84?« 

Other 

From petroleum 

Synthetic, total 

From cumene 

Other 



Phenylaeetio acid (a-Toluic acid) 

Phenylacetic acid, potassium salt 

Phenylacetonitrlle (o-Tolunltrile) 

. p-Phenylazoaniltne (p-Aminoazobenzene) and hydrochloride- 

m-Phenylenediamine 

o-Phenylenediamine 

p-Phenylenedi amine 

Phenylglycine , potassium and sodium salts 

2,2'-(Phenylimino)diethanol (Phenyldiethanolamine) 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1.000 

395 

119 

A67 

1,164,624 

734 

190 

110 

23 

2,902 

167 

40 

9 

131 

145 

9,992 

36,942 

43 

118 

27 

9 

1,333 

105 

62 

282 

13,289 

71,913 



1,000 
pounds 



5,65 



1,589 



1,000 
dollars 



1,599 



6,974 6,953 
11,327 3,144 



48,991 
22,922 



1,164 

792 

984 

77 

1,706 

37 

306 

30 

931 

76 

185 

82 

10 

145 

45 

64 

160,422 

1,294 

75 

2,243 

1,460 

7 

61 

452 

20,402 

228 

138 

35 



556,313 



172 
1,851 



40,650 



24,783 
15,867 



8 
164 



4,946 
972 



5,426 



3,314 
2,112 



Unit, 
value^ 



pound 



729 
347 



41,776 

33,748 

3,294 

30,454 

3y028 

514,537 

100,749 

413,788 

335 

1,585 

1,203 

124 

988 

77 



289,456 



39,594 
31,944 
3,261 
28,683 
7,650 
249,862 
92,949 
156,913 



1,580 
200 



46,762 



5,846 
4,762 
486 
4,276 
1,084 
40,916 
14,885 
26,031 



577 
124 



14 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



TABLE 7A. --Synthetic organic chemicals: 



United States producti 
I957--Continued 



and sales of cyclic intermediates. 



Production 



'3uantlty Value 



Unit 
value^ 



Phthallc aold 

Phthalic anhydride 

Phthallc anhydride residue- 
Phthallmlde 

Plcollnes, total' 

2-Picollne 

Other 



1,000 
pounds 

13 

355,796 

1,204 

190 

1,386 



Piperldine 

2° Pyridine' 

Qainaldine 

Quinizarin 

Salicylic acid, tech 

Styrene 

Tetrabromo-8,16-pyranthrenedione 

1,4.,5,8-Tetrachloroanthraquinone 

l,2,<V,5-Tetrachloroben2ene 

1,4, 5, S-TetraMs [1' , 1" , 1' " , 1" " -anthraquinonylamino] anthraquinone 

(Pentaanthr amide) . 

Toluene-2,4-diaiiiine (<i-m-Tolylenediamine) 

4-(o-Tolylazo)-o-toluidlne (o-Amlnoazotoluene) 

2,2'-(m-Tolyllmlno)diethanol 

1,2, 3 (and l,2,4.)-Trlchlorot)enzene 

a,o,a-Trlohlorotoluene (Benzo trichloride) 

6,6'-Ureylenebis[l-naphthol-3-sulfonic aold] (J acid urea) 

Veratraldehyde (3,4.-Dlraethoxybenzaldehyde) 

Violanthrone (Dibenzanthrone) 

p-Xylene 

Xylidines (original mixture) 

2,4.-, 2,5-, and (o,p) -Xylidines, total 



~5?r 

745 

261 
1,820 



1,166,188 

15 

36 

10,853 

160 

3,685 

374 



1,594 
129l 
322 

473 

86,335 

297 

132 



1,000 
pounds 



253,890 
1,364 



1,288 



1,000 
dollars 

48,510 
16 
30 

737 



$0.19 
.01 



1,288 



1,620 



1,528 
625,127 



2,100 
149 



89,995 



737 



529 
84,186 



15,542 



^ Calcxilated on rounded figures. 

^ Includes data for coke ovens and gaa-retort ovens reported to the Division of Bituminous Coal, U. S. 
Bureau of Mines, and for tar and petroleum refineries and other producers reported to the U. S. Tariff Com- 
mission. 

^ Includes some mixed cresols, 

* Includes keryl-type benzenes. 

' Includes data for coke ovens and gas-retort ovens reported to the Division of Bituminous Coal, U. S. 
Bureau of Mines, and for tar refineries and other producers reported to the U. S. Tariff Camnlssion. 

Dyes 

Dyes are synthetic organic chemicals derived from cyclic in- 
termediates (see the immediately preceding section of this report). 
About three -fourths of the dyes consumed in the United States are 
used by the textile industry to dye natural and synthetic fibers or 
fabrics; the rest are used chiefly by the industries that produce 
organic pigments, paper, and leather. Of the several thousand 
different synthetic dyes that are known, more than two thousand 
are manufactured by domestic producers. The large number of 
dyes results from the many different types of materials to which 
dyes are applied, the different conditions of service for which dyes 
are required, and the costs that a particular use can bear. Dyes 
are sold as pastes, powders, lumps, and solutions; concentrations 
vary from 6 percent to 100 percent. The concentration, form, and 
purity of a dye is determined largely by the use for which it is 
intended. 

Table 8A* shows United States production and sales of dyes in 
1957, total and by individual dyes, grouped by Colour Index num- 
ber and prototype number. Total domestic production of dyes in 
1957 was 143 million pounds; this output was 5. 6 percent less than 
the 152 million pounds produced in 1956 and 14.9 percent less than 
the 168 million pounds produced in 1955. The decline in output and 
sales of dyes during the last several years reflects the decline in 
domestic consumption by the textile industry as well as in sales to 
export markets. Sales of dyes amounted to 127 million pounds, 
valued at 164 million dollars, in 1957, compared with 155 million 
pounds, valued at 185 million dollars, in 1 956 --indicating a decline 
of 17. 8 percent in quantity and 11.5 percent in value. 



i See also table 8B, part III, which lists these products and identifies the manufacturers, and 
part A (table 28) of the appendix, which shows imports of dyes during 1955-57. 



DYES 

TABLE 8\. --Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of coal-tar dyes, 1957 



15 



[Listed below are all ooal-tar dyes for which any reported data on production or Bales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no 
data were reported.) Table 8B in part III lists all dyes for which data on production or sales were re- 
ported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Colour 
Index 

or 
proto- 
type 
No. 



98 
IW 
117 
118 
118 
138 
U5 
151 
161 
176 
179 
185 
195 
197 
202 
203 
216 
219 



23A 
235 
246 
247 
252 
262 
274 
275 
278 
289 
299 
304 
307 
319 
326 
327 
331 
332 
343 
346 



Dye 



Grand total 

Dyes for which separate statistics may not be shown — 
Dyes for which separate statistics are shown below 

D^iTES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER 

Total - 



Azo Dyes 

Monoazo Dyes 



Spirit yellow R- 

Oil yellow 

Chrysoidine Y 

Chrysoidine R 

Sudan I 



Orange G 

Jtaddo naphthol red G — 

Chrome yellow 2G 

Chrome yellow R 

Amido naphthol red 6B- 

Fast scarlet G base 

Fast scarlet G salt 

Fast red GL base 

Fast red GL salt 

Sudan II 

Ponceau R 

Fast red B 

Chrome brown R 

Azo eosine G 

Fast red B salt — ■ 

Fast scarlet R base — 
Fast scarlet R salt — 

Metanil yellow 

Azoflavine RS 

Orange II 

Orange R 

Fast red A 

Azo rubine 

Cochineal red A 

Mordant yellow 

Chrome yellow RN 

Chrome blue black R — 

Chrome black T 

Acid chrome red B 

Chrome flavine A 



Disazo Dyes 



Resoroin brown 

Resorcin dark brown 

Acid black lOB- 

Azo dark green A 

Brilliant oroceine M-- 

Cloth red B 

Milling orange 

Cloth scarlet G 

Direct fast red 8BL 

Fast acid oyanlne 5R ex 

Acid chrome black F 

Fast acid black 2BN 

Fast acid cyanine black B- 

Direct fast heliotrope 

Direct fast scarlet 

Direct fast scarlet 4BA 

Bismarck brown G 

Bismarck brown R 

Chrome fast yellow C 

Direct fast yellow 5GL 



1,000 
pounds 
1A3,052 



30,360 
112,692 



99,097 



Quantity 



1,000 
pounds 
126,963 



24,765 
102,198 



1,000 
dollars 

164,200 



38,416 
125,784 



85,349 



Unit 
value ^ 



Per 
pound 

$1.29 



1.55 
1.23 



78 


85 


121 


1.42 


115 


95 


129 


1.36 


588 


495 


482 


.97 




146 


138 


.95 


969 


742 


888 


1.20 


368 


307 


386 


1.26 


276 


239 


303 


1.27 


54 


45 


54 


1.20 


61 


56 


80 


1.43 


52 


49 


64 


1.31 


35 


22 


35 


1.59 


139 


123 


127 


1.03 


137 


92 


117 


1.27 


36 


46 


45 


.98 


99 


96 


158 


1.65 


203 


182 


184 


1.01 




33 


43 


1.30 


81 


64 


109 


1.70 


43 


45 


77 


1.71 


96 


88 


97 


1.10 


191 


180 


242 


1.34 


966 


972 


529 


.54 


299 


233 


280 


1.20 




18 


68 


3.78 


680 


632 


479 


.76 


333 


300 


270 


.90 


99 


77 


104 


1.35 


74 


61 


79 


1.30 


134 


lU 


123 


1.08 




11 


9 


.82 




9 


9 


1.00 


1,172 


989 


916 


.93 


2,222 


1,024 


2,343 


2.29 


22 


19 


26 


1.37 




8 


16 


2.00 


347 


310 


398 


1.28 


288 


232 


302 


1.30 


1,681 


1,457 


1,719 


1.18 


33 


32 


63 


1.97 


218 


199 


403 


2.03 


17 


12 


16 


1.33 


61 


46 


46 


1.00 


10 


10 


21 


2.10 


276 


197 


510 


2.59 


279 


211 


293 


1.39 


100 


83 


180 


2.17 


188 


185 


285 


1.54 


192 


163 


255 


1.56 




17 


74 


4.35 


779 


621 


1,354 


2.18 


154 


153 


341 


2.23 


126 


122 


116 


.95 


735 


644 


789 


1.23 




22 


34 


1.55 


4 


10 


22 


2.20 



See footnotes on page 21. 



16 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



TABLE 8h. --Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of coal-tar dyes, J957- -Continued 



Dye 



DTES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER— Continued 

Azo Dyes- -Continued 

Disazo Dyes — Continued 

Direct fast pink 2BL 

Brilliant yellow 

Chrysophenine G 

Congo red 

Congo corlnth G 

Direct scarlet B 

Direct violet N 

Developed black BH 

Direct blue 2B 

Direct orange R 

Direct fast red F 

Direct brown M 

Polar red 

Milling red G 

Benzopurpurine AB 

Benzo new blue 5B 

Direct blue 3B 

Direct orange G 

Acid anthracene red 3B 

Fast blue B salt 

Direct azurine G 

Direct blue RW 

Direct sky blue FF 

Direct pure blue 

Trlsazo Dyes 

Direct fast blue FR 

Direct fast black FF 

Direct brown BT 

Direct black EW 

Direct black RX 

Direct green ET 

Chloramlne green B 

Direct green B 

Direct brown 3G0 

Congo brown G 

Stilbene Dyes 

Direct yellow R 

Chlorajulne orange G 

Stilbene yellow 

Pyrazolone Dyes 

Fast light yellow G 

Xylene light yellow 

Tartrazine 

Polar yellow 

Chrome red B 

Pyrazol orange 

Ketonimine Dyes 

Aur amine 

Triphenylme thane and Dipheny Inaphthylme thane Dy 

Malachite green 

Rhoduline blue 6G 

Brilliant green 

Acid green B 

Fast acid green B 

Acid glaucine blue 

Methyl violet B and base 

Crystal violet 

Ethyl violet - 

Acid violet- - 

Acid chrome azurol B 

Acid chrome cyanine R 

Victoria blue B 

Naphthalene green V 

Wool green S 



See footnotes on page 21. 



Quantity 



2,303 
463 
89 
118 
337 
239 

489 
28 
78 
20 
37 



177 

102 

5,162 

342 

175 

450 
543 
60 



527 
100 
862 



326 
27 
71 
89 
15 

543 
1,250 

619 
48 
82 



1,000 
pounds 



9 

234 

290 

121 

42 

93 

13 

1,724 

401 

66 

100 

329 

225 

9 

410 

29 

48 



30 
137 
115 
4,610 
292 
102 

17 
346 
507 

50 



12 



469 
1,009 

550 
48 
64 
43 
10 

126 
46 
30 



1,000 
dollars 



38 

439 
670 
127 

63 
228 

28 

1,673 

219 

92 
UO 
397 
422 

19 
629 



72 
176 
331 
3,788 
268 
108 

12 
363 
518 

57 



572 

91 

1,112 



101 
239 
429 

89 
124 

81 



1,207 



876 
100 
222 
117 

53 
652 
1,391 
1,400 
146 
136 
124 

37 
417 
160 

46 



DYES 



17 



TABLF 8A. --Syntbeti 



t/c chewicnis: United Stntps production and sales of coal-tar dyes, J957- -Cont iniied 



Dye 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER— Continued 

Xanthine Oyes 
Fluorescein 

Qtiinolme fives 
Quinoline yellow 

TliiazoU liyes 



Primuline 

Direct fast yellov;- 



Wool fast blue- 
Safranine 



Methylene blue- 



Sulftde Dye 



Total^- 



Sulfur maroon- 
Sulfur olive — 
All other 



1 ,000 
pounds 



Anthraqumone Dye 



Alizarin red S 

Acid alizarin blue SE 

Acid alizarin blue B 

Alizarin irisol R 

Alizarin cyanine green 

Anthraquinone blue black B 

Acid anthraquinone sky blue B- 



Anthraqulnone 
Anthraquinone 
Anthraquinone 
Vat navy blue 
Anthraquinone 
Anthraquinone 
Anthraquinone 
Anthraquinone 
Anthraquinone 
Anthraquinone 
Anthraquinone 
Anthraquinone 
Anthraquinone 



Anthraquinone Vat Dyes 

vat golden orange G, 12^- 
vat scarlet G, 16-2/3^—- 

vat dark blue BO, 25^ 

NTP- 



vat jade green, 6% 

vat green B and black B, 12-l/25t- 

vat violet 2R, 12-1/2^ 

vat blue GCS, 8-1/3^ 

vat blue GOD, 8-1/3^— 

vat olive R, 12-1/2^ 

vat brown R, 12-l/25i 

vat brown G, 12-1/25^ 

vat violet BN, 25^ 



Indigoid and Thioindigoid Dye 



Indigo, synthetic, 205t 

Bromindigo blue 2BD, 16^- 
Vat red 3B, 20^ 

Vat orange R, lO^t 



Food, Drug, and Co 



1&4 
22,131 



511 
26 
173 

72 



Quantity 



1,000 
founds 



8,13^ 
356 



1,930 



Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Colors 



Blue #1- 
Blue #2- 
Red #1— 
Red #2— 
Red #3— 
Red #4— 



1,581 



U6 
■425 



22,1"^ 



106 

201 

21,837 



26 
173 

43 



i.OOO 
dollars 



319 


168 


410 


270 


197 


609 


406 


407 


967 


610 


468 


910 


4,090 


3,837 


2,944 


2,536 


2,341 


1,765 


319 


246 


492 




834 


852 


2,532 


2,257 


2,758 


1,125 


824 


921 


904 


559 


847 


851 


770 


1,132 


111 


100 


662 



8,179 
340 
48 
196 



1,766 



1,452 



31 

155 

368 

29 

103 



6,02' 



5,313 



46 
76 
1,515 
157 
617 
136 
114 



2,271 
350 
106 
309 



5,842 



421 

779 

1,161 

429 

462 



See footnotes on page 21. 



18 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



TABLE 8A. --Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of coal-tar dyes, i9J7- -Continued 



Dye 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER—Continued 
Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Dyes- -Continued 
Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Colors — Continued 



Yellow #3- 
Yellow #4- 
Yellow #5- 
Yellow #6- 
All other- 



Drug and Cosmetic Colors 



Total^- 



Orange #^- 
Orange #5- 

Red #7 

Red #19 — 
Red #21— 
Red #34— 
Red #36— 
Yellow #5- 
All other- 



Other Dye 



uped by Colour Inde 



DYES GROUPED BY PROTOTYPE NUMBER 



Total- 



Acid alizarin flavine R 

Acid anthracene brown PG 

Algol yellow GC 

Alizarin direct blue A2G 

Alizarin supra blue A 

Anthracene chromate brovm EB 

Artificial silk black G 

Benzo Bordeaux 6B 

Benzo chrome black blue B 

Benzo copper blue B 

Benzo fast black L 

Benzo fast blue <iGL 

Benzo fast blue 8GL 

Benzo red 12B 

Brilliant benzo violet B 

Brilliant wool blue FFR 

Celliton orange GR 

Chlorantine fast brown BRL 

Chlorantine fast yellow 4-GL 

Chlorantine fast yellow RL 

Cibacete sapphire blue G 

Diamine Bordeaux B 

Diamine catechine 3G 

Diamine fast blue FFB 

Diajnlne fast orange EG 

Diamine fast orange ER 

Diamlnogen blue N2B 

Diazo Bordeaux 7B 

Diazo brilliant green 3G 

Diazo brilliant scarlet 2BL ex- 

Diazo brilliant scarlet ROA 

Diazo fast red 5BL 

Diazo fast red 7BL 

Fast scarlet 2G salt 

Guinea carmine B 

Guinea fast red BL 

Helindon pink R ex 

Indanthrene brown BR 

Indanthrene brown RRD 

Indanthrene khaki 2G 

Indanthrene rubine R 

Milling yellow H5G - 

Neolan blue GG 

Oxydiaminogen OB 

Paper red A ex 



10 
217 



16,417 



29,377 



22 

140 
166 
18 
42 
39 
137 
44 



487 
262 

154 
47 
47 
69 

105 
56 

136 



220 
15 
35 
393 
845 
314 
937 

9 

250 

1,113 

128 



342 
350 
40 



12,507 



25,460 



63 
391 
257 



229 

13 

26 

391 

768 

322 

826 

43 

8 

179 

969 

108 



1,000 
dollars 

119 
1,013 
1,073 

385 



1,104 



27 

25 
120 
138 

7 



11,783 



43,808 



14 
63 
1,368 
40 
135 
219 
147 



27 

201 

lU 

51 

18 

104 

85 

105 

281 

460 

28 

516 

57 

63 

134 

227 

93 

257 

38 

33 

169 

32 

22 

40 

147 

20 

58 

724 

1,350 

701 

885 

136 

27 

372 

1,022 

336 



See footnotes on page 21. 



DYES 



19 



TABLE 8^. --Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of coal-tar dyes, J957- -Continued 




DYES GROUPED BY PROTOTYPE NUMBER--Contlnued 

Rapidogen blue D 

Rapidogen Bordeaux R 

Rapidogen red GS 

Rapidogen red RS 

Rapidogen scarlet RS 

Rapidogen yellow G 

Rosanthrene fast Bordeaux 2BL 

Rosanthrene orange R 

Sulphon yellow R 

Victoria fast violet 2R ex 

Victoria pure blue B 

Zambesi black D 

Zambesi black V 

Alizarin fast gray BBLW 

Alizarin supra sky blue R 

Celliton fast blue FFR 

Celliton fast brown 3R 

Celliton fast pink B 

Celliton fast pink FF3B - — 

Celliton fast red GG 

Celliton fast red violet RN 

Celliton fast rubine B 

Celliton fast rubine 3B 

Celliton fast violet 6B 

Celliton fast yellow G 

Celliton scarlet B 

Celliton yellow 5G 

Chlorantine fast red 5 BRL 

Fast blue BB base 

Fast Bordeaux GP salt 

Fast orange GC salt 

Fast orange GR salt 

Fast red AL salt 

Fast red 3GL salt 

Fast red KB base 

Fast red RC salt 

Fast red TR salt--. 

Sirius supra turquoise blue GL 

Indanthrene brilliant violet 3B 

Indanthrene direct black RB 

Indanthrene golden orange 3G 

Indanthrene golden yellow GK 

Indanthrene golden yellow RK 

Indanthrene olive green B 

Indanthrene red FBB 

Monochrome black blue G 

Naphthol AS 

Naphthol AS-BO — - - 

Naphthol AS-BR - ■ 

Naphthol AS-BS~ ■ 

Naphthol AS-D 

Naphthol AS-G ■ 

Naphthol AS-OL- - ■ 

Naphthol AS-SW — - ■ 

Naphthol AS-TR- - 

Neolan orange G 

Neolan yellow GR 

Palatine fast marine blue REN 

Palatine fast pink BN 

Palatine fast yellow ELN 

Rapidogen black MG 

Rapidogen blue N 

Rapidogen blue R — 

Rapidogen brown IPT 

Rapidogen orange R 

Rapidogen violet B 

Rapidogen yellow 2G 

Cotonerol 

Fast red ITR salt 

Sirius supra gray VGL 

Indanthrene orange ^R 

Chlorantine fast green BLL 

Chlorantine fast red 6BII, 

Chlorazol blue 5GKS 

Sirius light blue FBGL 

Alizarin light blue 4GL 

Chlorantine fast violet 2RL 



13 
355 



178 
60 



29 
120 

32 
275 

46 



243 
124 



25 

25 

43 

96 

365 

241 

11 

82 

513 

65 

275 

319 

269 

100 

1,308 

218 

41 

652 

6 

10 

179 

455 

49 

63 

450 



81 
28 
11 
20 
723 
15 



99 
85 
145 



1,000 
pounds 



244 
66 

W6 
50 
5 
33 
10 
25 
98 

226 

37 
W 
415 
36 
60 
6 
45 
22 
U 
51 
35 
202 
119 



26 

21 

38 

100 

330 

217 

15 

76 

478 

66 

288 

306 

269 

68 

998 

205 

42 

530 



311 
44 
31 

423 
8 
41 
50 
9 
52 
36 
37 



18 
681 



128 
22 
57 



i.oon 

dolla,s 

121 

18 

393 

106 

239 

101 

17 

138 

20 

36 

359 

402 

207 

87 

605 

80 

155 

34 

61 

55 

20 

63 

127 

355 

179 

27 

326 

72 

31 

26 

36 

170 

168 

389 

15 

107 

1,149 

190 

619 

691 

476 

196 

1,328 

755 

173 

558 

27 

237 
439 
180 

95 
715 

37 

94 
103 

18 
133 

81 
131 
100 

357 
54 
37 
38 
575 
48 
11 
131 
143 
209 
126 
182 
132 
104 I 



See footnotes on page 21. 



20 



TWLE 8\.--Syntheti 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, I957 



United States product! 



of coal- t!fr dyes, J957--Cont imierl 



Colour 
Index 



proto- 
type 



501 
501 
503 
505 
517 
523 
527 
533 
537 
547 
556 
557 
559 
565 
569 
572 
578 
582 
60A 
611 
612 
613 



Dye 



DYES GROUPED BY PROTOTYPE WUi;££R--Continued 



Fast red PDC base 

Fast red PDC salt 

Indanthrene red violet RRM 

Naphthol AS-LO 

AzoEol fast yellow R 

Cellitazol AZN 

Chrome fast green G 

Direct quinoline 

Eastman fast yellow GIF 

Indanthrene olive T 

Naphthol AS-ICi 

Naphthol AS-PH 

Naphthol AS-RC 

Pontandne black AWG 

Pontamine navy blue DB 

Rapldogen blue PBN 

Solantine orange AO 

Sirius supra yellow R ex 

Naphthol AS-KB 

Superlitefast blue GL 

Superlitefast blue 8GLN 

Superlitefast blue RL 

All other dyes grouped by prototype number- 

UNGROUPED DYES 



1 , noo 
pounds 



Acetate rayon dyes, total (see table 10 for total of 

all acetate rayon dyes)* 

Black, B, EC, 3G,. GGN, GS, GY, JN, JRW, LNB, LW, NC, 
RB, SS^ 

Blue, #15, A8-7, A8-45, B, BBR, BG, BGLF, BIF, CR, 
FGS, FSI, G, 2G, GBN, GFD, 3G-GFD, 5G-GFD, GLF, 
GLT, GP, GR, GSF, GSFR, GSS, LWGF, lAJ, NBN, NBNJ, 
NSP, 2R, 4R, RB, RBN, 3RL, SS, TOBN* - - 

Orange, FSI, GIS, GRM, R, 2R, 3R, 3RLN 

Red VI-X, B, 2B-GLF, "iBLL, C, FL, FSI, 2G, GLF, GSF, 
NB, N-GLF, R, RP, Y, YP' 

Scarlet BG, FS, GSF, RGLF 

Yellow IX, XI, CW, 3G, 5G, 8-GLF, GR, M, N, 5R, R- 
GFD, 2R-GLF, ARL, 4RLF, RN, W-GLF, YL^ 

All other acetate rayon dyes 



Acid blue, B, G, 6G, NB 

Acid brOTO BL, CRTA, 3G, ITGA, M-UO, NY, PGMA, RD, 



2RL — - 

Acid orange R, 2R, RL, RN, YP- 

Acid red, B, 2B, 3B, G, OB, RB, 3RB, SBN, SPN 

Anthraquinone vat gray 2G, GNF, N, R 

Azoic dyes and their components, total (see tables 10 
and lA for data on all azoic dyes and their compo- 
nents)' 

Direct black #667, BC, CW, 3G, 5G, GN, 3GR, NV, RCW, 
RG, RW, SBJ— - 

Direct brown DW, FW, GB, 3GS, KRS, LET, RB, 4RL, RRF, 
RRK, RY - - 

Direct fast blue BFL, BG, BLL, BRN, CPL, 3G, 7GL, 8GLN, 
4GLR, LBFU, LBGL, LBL, L5R, LULR, ML, RL, 3RL, UGLL- 

Direct fast brown OS, R, AR, 2RL, <iRL, RLL, SKRL, 3YL- 

Direct fast gray #34749, BL, GL, 2GL, LBUL, LGL, LUFL, 



Direct fast orange 2GL, 2GU, L8GL, 3LWF, NAR, R 

Direct fast yellow #23979, EFC, 5G, L-2RX, RRA 

Direct green DW, FFW, 5GSC, HD, LFB, RM, 2Y 

Direct red 9B, 8BLN, KB, LRF, OK, Z 

Direct white, AW, B, 4B, 5B, CN, DPS, DS-86, GO, IIS- 

31, HS-76, LD, MR, M2R, RW, RWS, SC, WANS, WCN, WCNX 
Direct yellow 6D, DW, EFL, G, GR, LLR, NW, S, S-5GP— 

Oil blue, #451, A, AP, NE - 

Oil red, #322, #337, #430, BTB, ED, N-1700, OB, RD, XO 
All other ungrouped dyes 



Quantity 



1,611 



3,182 



14,578 



2,331 



1,100 



200 
25 



1,148 



3,673 
71 
106 
283 

5,761 



Unit 

falue^ 



1,000 
dollars 



63 

352 

78 

25 

739 
12 
83 
40 
1,336 
16 
40 



6,794 



13,392 



1,976 



419 

928 

175 



233 
27 



37 
3,722 



284 
5,464 



202 
330 



699 
20 

384 

64 

1,959 

38 

120 



181 
312 



41 

31 

12,010 



35,043 



4,620 



502 



2,508 



$2.97 

.94 

1.22 

4.28 

.89 
1.67 
4.63 
1.60 
1.47 
2.38 
3.00 
2.67 
1.29 
1.46 

2.97 
2.01 
3.00 
1.78 
1.95 
1.65 
1.77 



10,493 

419 

522 

14,623 



2.34 
1.20 



2.51 
3.53 



2.64 
2.47 



102 


1.79 


1,065 


2.52 


2,257 


2.47 


108 


1.16 


34 


1.36 


444 


1.91 


87 


3.22 


89 


2.97 


66 


3.14 


19 


1.90 


95 


2.57 



5.66 
1.84 



See footnotes on page 21. 



DYES 21 

Footnotes for table 8A 

^ Calculated on rounded figures. 

^ Does not Include derivatives of carbazole (Colour Index Nos. 9'*8, 969). 

^ Includes drug and cosmetic colors, external, data on which cannot be published separately without dis- 
closing information received in confidence. 

* Does not include acetate rayon dyes that appear under "Dyes grouped by prototype number." 

' Includes developed black and diazo black. 

' Includes brilliant blue, fast blue, and violet blue. 

' Includes rubine. 

^ Includes fast yellow and golden yellow. 

' Does not Include azoic dyes and their components that appear under "Dyes grouped by Colour Index number" 
and "Dyes grouped by prototype number." 

The production and sales of dyes grouped by Colour Index 
number showed the greatest decreases in 1957. Production of 
Colour Index dyes was 99 million pounds in 1957, compared. with 
109 million pounds in 1956--representing a decline of 9.0 percent. 
Sales of Colour Index dyes totaled 88 miillion pounds, valued at 85 
million dollars, in 1957, compared with 112 million pounds, valued 
at 99 million dollars, in 1956- -representing a decrease of 21. 3 
percent in quantity and 14. percent in value. On the other hand, 
the output of prototype dyes in 1957 was 29 million pounds, or 4.4 
percent more than the 28 million pounds produced in 1956. Sales 
of these dyes in 1957 totaled 25 million pounds, valued at 44 
million dollars, compared with 28 million pounds, valued at 51 
million dollars, in 1956. Production of ungrouped dyes totaled 15 
million pounds, in both 1956 and 1957. Sales of these dyes, how- 
ever, amounted to 13 million pounds, valued at 35 million dollars, 
in 1957, compared with 15 million pounds, valued at 36 million 
dollars, in 1956. 

Among the individual dyes for which statistics are given in this 
report, decreases in production were reported for many important 
low- and medium -priced dyes. The output of synthetic indigo in 
1957 was 8. 1 million pounds, or 13.9 percent less than the 9.4 
million pounds reported in 1956; that of direct black EW (C.l. dye 
581) was 5. 2 million pounds, or 4. 5 percent less than the 5.4 mil- 
lion pounds reported in 1956. Decreased output in 1957, compared 
with 1956, was reported also for algol yellow GC (Pr. dye 9), 
which showed a decline of 36. 8 percent; orange II (C.I. dye 151), 
a decline of 29. 7 percent; anthraquinone vat jade green (C.I. dye 
1101), a decline of 28. 3 percent; anthraquinone vat brown R (C.I. 
dye 1151), a decline of 21.5 percent; methyl violet blue B and 
base (C.I. dye 680), a decline of 20.6 percent; and anthraquinone 
vat olive R (C.I. dye 1150), a decline of 12. 5 percent. 

On the other hand, production of a number of important dyes 
increased in 1957, although sales of some of these dyes were 
smaller than in 1956. Increased output in 1957, compared with 
1956, was reported for chrome blue black R (C.I. dye 202), which 
showed an increase of 108. 2 percent; indanthrene brown BR (Pr. 
dye 118), an increase of 39.2 percent; anthraquinone vat green 
B and black B (C.I. dye 1102), an increase of 37. 3 percent; chrome 
black T (C.I. dye 203), an increase of 31.4 percent; anthraquinone 
vat brown G (C.I. dye 1152), an increase of 27.0 percent; indan- 
threne olive T (Pr. dye 547), an increase of 16.7 percent; and 
direct fast scarlet (C.I. dye 326), an increase of 16. 1 percent. 

Table 9 shows production and sales of dyes in 1957, by chemi- 
cal class. Four chemical classes of dyes accounted for 76. 5 
percent of the total quantity of all dyes produced: azo dyes 
accounted for 35.4 percent of the total; anthraquinone vat dyes, 
for 18.5 percent; sulfur dyes, for 15. 7 percent; and indigoid and 
thioindigoid dyes, for 6. 9 percent. The output of all these classes 
of dyes was smaller in 1957 than in 1956. Production of sulfur dyes 



22 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



declined 30. 3 percent in 1957 compared with 1956; indigoid and 
thioindigoid dyes, 20.9 percent; anthraquinone vat dyes, 8.3 per- 
cent; and azo dyes, 0. 7 percent. 

Table 10 shows the average annual production of dyes in the 
5 years 1951-55, together with annual data for 1956 and 1957, by 
class of application. Table 11 gives corresponding data for sales. 



TABLE 9.*'Synthetic organic chemicals: 



United States production and sales of coal-tar dyes, by chemical 
class, 1957 



Chemical class 



ftiantlty 



Unit 
value^ 



Total - — 

jlzo- 

Anthraquinone vat 

Sulfur or sulfide^ 

Indigoid or thioindigoid 

Anthraquinone 

Stilbene 

Triphenylmethane and diphenylnaphthylmethane- 

Xanthene 

Ketonimlne 

Thlazole 

Oilnollne 

Acridine 

All other^ 



1,000 
pounds 

W3,052 



50,629 
26,510 
22,413 
9,887 
5,A75 
5,286 

837 
628 
329 
159 
86 
16,319 



1,000 
pounds 
126,963 



1,000 
dollars 
164,200 



42,247 

22, 161 

22,1A4 

9,828 

4,771 

5,163 

3,678 

484 

522 

169 

56 

15,740 



67,850 

32,682 

6,027 

5,163 

12,303 

12,472 

8,585 

2,394 

1,207 

677 

W2 

14,698 



$1.29 



1.61 
1.47 
.27 
.53 
2.58 
2.42 
2.33 
4.95 
2.31 

4.01 

2.54 

.93 



^ Calculated on rounded figures. 

2 Colour Index dyes only. 

^ Includes azine, oxazine, phthalocyanlne, pyrazolone, sulfur dyes not Included in Colour Index group, 
thlazlne, and miscellaneous dyes, and sales of thlazole dyes. Statistics for these groups cannot be pub- 
lished separately without disclosing information received in confidence. 

TABLE 10. "-Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production of coal-tar dyes, by class of application, 
average 1951-55, annual 1956 and 1957 



Class of application 



Average 
1951-55 



(Jaantity (1,000 pounds) 



Total 

Acetate rayon 

Acid 

Azoic 

Basic 

Direct 

Lake and spirit- soluble' 

Mordant and chrome 

Sulfur 

Vat, total 

Indigo 

All other 

All other coal-tar dyes- 
Total ■ 

Acetate rayon 

Acid — 

Azoic 

Basic 

Direct 

Lake and spirit- soluble- 

Mordant and chrome 

Sulfur 

Vat, total ■ 

Indigo 

All other 

All other coal-tar dyes 



161, 817 



6,230 
14,817 
8,504 
7,773 
30,767 
6,162 
5,368 
22, 165 

57,281 



15,831 
41,450 



2,750 



151,575 



5,129 
13,460 
8,073 
8,076 
29,720 
6,856 
4,147 
25,642 

47,969 



9,442 

38,527 



2,503 



143,052 



5,191 
11, 109 
8,187 
6,358 
28,439 
7,073 
5,216 
22,413 

42,295 



8,134 
34,161 



6,771 



Percent of total quantity 



100.0 



3.9 
9.2 
5.3 

4.8 
19.0 
3.8 
3.3 
13.7 

35.4 



9.8 
25.6 



100.0 



3.4 
8.9 
5.3 
5.3 

19.6 
4.5 
2.7 

16.9 

31.6 



6.2 
25.4 



100.0 



3.6 
7.8 
5.7 
4.4 

19.9 
4.9 
3.7 

15.7 

29.6 



5.7 
23.9 



DYES 



23 



TABLE 11. -Synthetic organic chemicals: United States sales of coal-tar dyes, by class of application, aver- 
age 1951-55, annual 1956 and 1957 



Class of application 



(Jiantity (1,000 pounds) 



Total 

Acetate rayon 

Acid 

Azoic 

Basic 

Direct 

Lake and spirit- soluble- 

Atordant and chrome 

Sulfur 

Vat, total 

Indigo 

All other 

All other coal-tar dyes- 



Total 

Acetate rayon 

Acid 

Azoic ' 

Basic 

Direct 

Lake and spirit- soluble- 
Mordant and chrome 

Sulfur 

Vat, total 

Indigo 

All other 

All other coal-tar dyes- 



Total— 

Acetate rayon 

Acid 

Azoic 

Basic 

Direct 

Lake and spirit- soluble- 
Mordant and chrome 

Sulfur 

Vat, total 

Indigo 

All other 

All other coal-tar dyes- 



Total 

Acetate rayon 

Acid 

Azoic 

Basic 

Direct 

Lake and spirlt-soluble- 

Ifordant and chrome 

Sulfur 

Vat, total 

Indigo 

All other 

All other coal-tar dyes- 



150,743 



5,897 
13,264 
7,224 
6,891 
29,604 
5,811 
5,173 
22,116 

52,231 



15,263 
36,968 



2,532 



154,547 



5,550 
U,449 
7,014 
7,085 
32,030 
6,777 
5,046 
26,044 

48,305 



10, 154 
38,151 



2,247 



126,963 



4,493 
9,335 
6,869 
5,284 

24,742 
6,296 
3,548 

22,144 

37 ,778 



8,179 
29,599 



6,474 



Percent of total quantity 



3.9 
3.4 
14.7 



10.1 
24.5 



100.0 



3.6 
9.3 
4.5 
4.6 

20.7 
4.4 
3.3 

16.9 

31.2 



6.6 
24.6 



3.5 
7.3 
5.4 
4.2 

19.5 
5.0 
2.8 

17.4 



29.8 

6.5 

23.3 



Value (1,000 dollare) 



171,767 



9,690 
17,730 
13,519 
11,243 
38, 636 
6,439 
6,174 
6,667 

54,774 



4,158 
50,616 



6,895 



185,443 



9,861 
22,226 
13,558 
13,766 
47,993 
8,510 
6,502 
6,953 

48,897 



2,779 
46, 118 



7,177 



164,200 



9,676 
16,598 
11,486 
11,096 
41,248 
9,0U 
6,492 
6,027 

39,667 



2,271 
37,396 



12,896 



Percent of total value 



100.0 



5.6 
10.3 
7.9 
6.5 
22.5 
3.7 
3.6 
3.9 



2.4 
29.5 



100.0 



5.3 

12.0 
7.3 
7.4 

25.9 
4.6 
3.5 
3.7 

26.4 



1.5 
24.9 



100.0 



5.9 
10.1 
7.0 
6.8 
25.1 
5.5 
3.9 
3.7 



24.2 

1.4 

22.8 



491001 O -58 -3 



24 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



Two classes of dyes accounted for about half of the total output of 
all dyes in 1957: vat dyes accounted for 29. 6 percent of the total, 
and direct dyes, for 19.9 percent. Output of both these classes 
of dyes was smaller in 1957 than in 1956: production of vat dyes 
declined 11.8 percent and that of direct dyes, 4. 3 percent. 

Production and sales of ungrouped dyes (those having neither 
a Colour Index nor a prototype number) are shown by chennical 
class in table 12 and by class of application in table 13. Two 
chemical classes of ungrouped dyes accounted for 55. 7 percent 
of the total output of these dyes in 1957: azo dyes accounted for 
39. I percent of the total; and anthraquinone vat dyes, for 16. 6 
percent. The output of the ungrouped anthraquinone vat dyes was 
6. 5 percent smaller in 1957 than it was in 1956 and that of azo dyes 
was 5, 1 percent smaller. For ungrouped dyes arranged by class of 
application, three classes of dyes accounted for about three -fourths 
of the total output of these dyes in 1957: direct dyes accounted for 
40.4 percent; vat dyes, for 17. 2 percent; and acetate rayon dyes, 
for 16.0 percent. Production of ungrouped acetate rayon dyes 
increased 12. 1 percent, and that of direct dyes, I. 7 percent. The 
output of ungrouped vat dyes declined 6. 5 percent. 

Table 14 shows production and sales of azoic dyes and their 
components in 1957. The output of these products totaled 8. 2 mil- 
lion pounds, or 1 . 4 percent more than the 8. 1 million pounds 
produced in 1956. Sales of these products were 6.9 nnillion pounds, 
valued at 11.5 million dollars, in 1957, compared with 7.0 million 

TABLE 12. "-Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of ungrouped dyes, by chemical 

class, 1957 



Chemical class 



ftiantity 



Unit 
value"- 



Total 

Anthraquinone 

Anthraquinone vat 

Azo 

Triphenylmethaiie and diphenylnaphthylmethane- 
All other^ 



1,000 



14,578 



1.000 
pounds 
13,392 



1,000 
dollars 
35, 043 



pound 



$2.62 



2,059 
2,417 
5,694 

4,408 



1,734 
2,333 

4,868 

10 

4,447 



4,627 
5,719 

11,766 
43 

12,888 



2.67 
2.45 
2.42 
4.30 
2.90 



^ Calculated on rounded figures. 

^ Includes sulfur, Indigold and thioindlgoid, triphenylmethane (production), pyrazolone, xanthene, acri- 
dine, quinoline, and miscellaneous dyes. 



TABLE 13. --Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of ungrouped dyes, by class of 

application, 1957 



Class of application 



Quantity 



Unit 
value^ 



Total 

Acetate rayon 

Azoic' 

Direct 

Lake and spirit-soluble- 

Ifordant and chrome 

Vat 

All other^- 



1.000 
rounds 
14,578 



1,000 
pounds 
13,392 



2,331 

1,148 
5,890 
1,227 
33 
2,505 
1,444 



1,976 
917 
5,472 
1,137 
29 
2,417 
1,444 



1,000 
dollars 
35,043 



4,620 
2,257 
14,201 
3,233 
51 
6,107 
4,574 



Per 
pound 



$2.62 



2.34 
2.46 
2.60 
2.84 

1.76 
2.53 
3.17 



^ Calculated on rounded figures. 

^ Includes acid, basic, sulfur, and miscellaneous dyes. 



DYES 



25 



pounds, valued at 13.6 million dollars, in 1956--thus declining 2. I 
percent in quantity and 15. 3 percent in value. The unit value of 
sales was $1.67 per pound in 1957, compared with $1.93 per 
pound in 1956. Except for the Naphthols- -production of which de- 
clined 10. 7 percent in 1957 compared with 1956 --the output of the 
remaining three groups was greater in 1957 than in 1956. The 
output of fast color salts increased 16. 1 percent; that of the 
Rapidogens, 5. 2 percent; and that of fast color bases, 3. 6 percent. 



26 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



TABUt i4.--Synf/ietic or/Sa 



United States product ion 
components , 1957 



aies of azoic dyes and tbei 



Dye or component 



Produc- 
tion 



(Jiantity Value Unit value 



Grand total^ 

Dyes and components for which separate statistics may 
not be shown^ 

Dyes and components for which separate statistics are 
shown below 

DYES 

Rapidogen, total 

Black 

Blue D 

Blue N - — 

Blue PBN - 

Blue, other* 

Bordeaux R 

Brown IPT 

Orange R 

Red GS- 

Red KBS 

Red RS 

Red, other 

Scarlet RS 

Violet B — 

Yellow G- 

Yellow 2G- — 

COMPONENTS 

Fast color bases, total 

Blue BB 

Red GL- 

Red KB - - 

Red PDC 

Scarlet R 

All other 

Fast color salts, total 

Blue B 

Bordeaux GP 

Orange GC 

Orange GR 

Red AL 

Red B 

Red GL 

Red 3GL 

Red ITR 

Red PDC 

Red HC 

Red TR 

Red, other 

Scarlet 2G 

Scarlet R 

All other 

Naphthols, total 

Naphthol AS 

Naphthol AS- BO 

Naphthol AS-BR - - 

Naphthol AS-BS 

Naphthol AS-D 

Naphthol AS-G- 

Naphthol AS- KB 

Naphthol AS-LG 

Naphthol AS-MX 

Naphthol AS-OL 

Naphthol AS-PH 

Naphthol AS-RC 

Naphthol AS-SW 

Naphthol AS-TR 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 

8,187 



120 
,067 



81 

28 

355 



33 

178 



1,019 



137 
241 
74 
191 
376 

2,549 



36 
365 



82 

82 

220 

966 

77 

2,592 



179 
455 



6,869 



1,000 

dollars 

11,486 



6,771 



313 
11,173 



27 
146 



918 
~T3" 



1,600 
121 
100 

109 

18 
357 

54 
393 

20 
106 

81 
239 

37 
101 

33 



1,625 



180 
348 



72 
117 
389 
202 
242 
603 



21 
38 
100 



352 

15 



229 
972 
79 

1,836 



83 
31 
26 
36 
170 
97 
45 
168 
48 
330 
15 
107 
125 
147 
529 
241 



530 
11 



99 
311 



27 

237 
439 
180 
9 
107 

38 

95 
120 

16 
715 

37 
1,398 



■"■ Calculated on rounded figures. 

^ Totals shown represent all azoic dyes and their components. Totals shown in tables 8A and 13 represent 
ungrouped dyes and their components only. 

■^ TnpTurip.Q -r 



Includes rapid fast dyes, fur dyes, and 
Includes navy blue. 
Colour Index number. 



'all other" rapidogen dyes. 



TONERS AND LAKES 



17 



Toners and Lakes 

As the terms are used in this report, toners and lakes are 
synthetic organic pigments. Statistics on production and sales of 
all toners and lakes are given in table 15A.' Statistics on the 
commercial forms (dry, flushed, pulp, and dispersed) of a few 
selected pigments are given in table 16. Wherever possible, 
individual toners and lakes are identified by their Colour Index or 
prototype number, by the Colour Index or prototype number of the 
dye from which they may be made, or by abbreviations indicating 
the intermediates used in their manufacture. 

Synthetic organic pigments are used in paints and related 
products, in printing inks, and in plastics and resin materials. 
Toners are full-strength pigments; reduced toners and lakes are 
extended or diluted colors. 

The total output of full-strength toners, reduced toners, and 
lakes in 1957- -37. 8 million pounds --was smaller than that in any 
year since 1949. Comipared with the 1956 output of 41.0 million 
pounds, production in 1957 declined 7.9 percent--the same per- 
centage decline that took place between 1955 and 1956. Total sales 
of toners, reduced toners, and lakes likewise declined in 1957, 
although the decline in the value of sales was relatively small. In 



TABLE ISA. --Sj"! fie tic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of toners and lakes, 19S7 

[Listed below are all toners and lakes for which any reported data on production or sales may he published. 
Table 15B in part III lists all toners and lakes for which data on production or sales were reported ai^ 
identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Sales 



(Jiantity 



Unit 
value''' 



Grand total 

TONERS OR FULL-STRENGTH COLORS 

Total - - 

Products for which separate statistics may not be shown^ 

Products for which separate statistics are shown below 

Blue toners, total 

'Alkali blue, C.I. 704 

Phthalooyanine blue B (alpha modification), Pr. 4-81 

Phthalocyanine blue BG fbeta modification) 

Setoglaueine (Peacock blue G) (C.I. 658), PMA 

Setoglaucine (Peacock blue G) (C.I. 658), PTA 

Victoria pure blue B (Pr. 198), PMA. 

Victoria pure blue B (Pr. 198), PTA 

All other 

Brown toners, total 

Para brown — : 

All other 

Green toners, total 

BriUiant green (C.I. 662), PMA- 

Brilliant green (C.I. 662), PTA- - 

Brilliant green (C.I. 662) and thioflavine (C.I. 815), PMA- 
Brilliant green (C.I. 662) and thioflavine (C.I. 815), PTA- 

Malachite green (C.I. 657), FXA— - - — 

Phthalooyanine green, Pr. 483 " 

Pigment green B, Pr. 149 

All other 

Maroon toners, total 

B.O.N, maroon (Lithol maroon) (Tobias acid and bon) 

All other 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 
37,757 



27,772 



168 
27,604 



4,272 



853 

2,433 

554 

3 

13 

68 

26 

322 

50 



38 

35 

6 

1,907 

316 

57 



196 

517 



1,000 
pounds 
29,588 



1,000 
dollars 
56,901 



21,077 



143 
20,934 

3,513 



865 

1,818 

449 

4 

U 

59 

27 

277 



2,281 



10 

13 

31 

33 

5 

1,841 

290 

58 

570 



121 
449 



47,078 



240 
46,838 



11,175 



2,434 
5,711 
1,625 

18 

83 

247 

140 

917 

63 



7,696 



^9 
79 
168 
205 
30 
6,614 
395 
156 

2,696 



219 

2,477 



$1-92| 



1.68 
2.24 



3.18 
2.81 
3.14 
3.62 
4.50 
5.93 
4.19 
5.19 
3.31 



1.55 
3.75 



3.37 
4.90 
6.08 
5.42 
6.21 
6.00 
3.59 
1.36 



2.69 



4.73 
5.52 



*See also table 15B, part III, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manu- 
facturers. 



28 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, I957 



TABLE 15A.--Synf/)efic 



ed Strife 
-Continu 



production and sales of to 



Production 



TONERS OR FULL-STRENGTH COLORS--Continued 

Orange toners, total 

Ben2sidine orange (dob and pmp) 

Dianisidine orange (dianisidine and aaa or aaot) 

2,'i-Dinitroaniline orange (dna and bn) 

o-Nitroaniline orange (ona and bn) 

All other 

Red toners, total 

o-Chloro-p-nitroaniline red (Chlorinated para red) (ocpna 

and bn) 

p-Chloronitroaniline red 

Eosine (Bromo acid toner) (C.I. 768) 

Lithol red 20 (C.I. 166) 

Lithol red R, C.I. 189, total 

Barium toner 

Calcium toner 

Sodium and other toners 

Lithol rubine B (C.I. 163) 

Naphthol reds, total 

Naphthol AS (Pr. 302) and dca 

Naphthol AS (Pr. 302) and pnot 

Naphthol AS-BS (Pr. 305) and pnoa 

Naphthol AS-D (Pr. 306) and pnot 

Naphthol AS-ITR (Pr. 310) and ITR base (Pr. 378) 

Naphthol reds, other 

Para red, light, C.I. AA 

Para red, dark 

Permanent red 2B (Pr. 563) 

Pigment rubine 3G 

Pyrazolone red 

Red lake 0, C.I. 165, total 

Barium toner 

Sodium and other toners 

Rhodaraine B (C.I. 749), PMA 

Rhodamine B (C.I. 749), PTA 

Rhodamine 6G (Rhodamine 6GDN) (Rhodamine Y) (C.I. 752), PMA 
Rhodamine 6G (Rhodamine 6GDN) (Rhodamine Y) (C.I. 752), PTA 

Toluidine red, C.I. 69 

All other 

Violet toners: 

Methyl violet B (C.I. 680), fugitive 

Methyl violet B (C.I. 680), PMA 

Methyl violet B (C.I. 680), PTA 

Yellow toners: 

Benzidine yellow (deb and aaa) 

Benzidine yellow (deb and aaot) 

Benzidine yellows, other 

Hansa yellows: 

Hansa yellow G, Pr. 103 

Hansa yellow lOG, Pr. 105 

Hansa yellows, other 



1,000 

pounds 



1,000 

pounds 



1,000 
dollars 

777 



15,181 



11,289 



202 
234 
218 



17,520 



431 

62 

1,337 

218 

4,910 

2,901 

1,476 

533 

721 

543 

49 

104 

101 

116 

126 

47 

584 

317 

1,321 

27 

189 

1,288 

1,280 

8 

19 

38 

60 

60 

2,457 

569 



350 
297 



1,828 
667 
184 

506 
110 
578 



278 

65 

312 

208 

3,723 

2,136 

1,128 

459 

630 

348 

43 

91 



555 
249 
1,110 
26 
178 
999 
990 



50 

1,914 

530 



861 

474 
83 



362 

100 

637 

300 

3,664 

2,078 

1,116 

470 

923 

1,193 

114 

261 

308 

255 

144 

111 

632 

282 

2,337 

70 

729 

1,263 

1,242 

21 

79 

212 

353 

328 

3,260 

796 



497 
621 
163 

1,999 

1,169 

275 

882 

197 

1,108 



Production 



Toner 
content 



Quantity 



REDUCED OR EXTENDED TONERS 
Total 

Products for which separate statistics may not be 
shown^ 

Products for which separate statistics are shown 
below 

Black toners, reduced: Basic black 

Blue toners, reduced, total 

Peacock blue R (C.I. 664), PMA 

Phthalocyanine blue B (alpha modification), 
Pr . 481 

Setoglaucine (Peacock blue G) (C.I. 658), PMA 

Victoria ture blue B (Pr. 198), PMA 

All other 

See footnotes at end of table. 



i.OOO 

pounds 

5,523 



1,429 



5,352 



1,000 
dollars 
6,848 



149 
5,374 



50 
1,379 



137 
5,215 



326 
6,522 



104 
384 



87 
381 



11 

1,122 
20 
134 
856 



TONERS AND LAKES 



TABLE ISA. --Synthetic orfianic chemicals 



United States product ion and 
/9J7- -Continued 



29 



Produc Ion 



Toner 
content 



REDUCED OR EXTENDED TONERS— Continued 

Brown toners, reduced 

Green toners, reduced, total 

Brilliant green (C.I. 662), PMA 

Brilliant green (C.I. 662) and benzidine 

yellow, PMA 

Brilliant green (C.I. 662) and thioflavine (C.I. 

815), PMA 

Malachite green (C.I. 657), PMA 

Phthalocyanine green, Pr. A83 

Pigment green B, Pr. 14-9 

All other 

Maroon toners, reduced 

Orange toners, reduced 

Red toners, reduced, total 

Lithol red H, C.I. 189 

Lithol rubine B (C.I. 163) 

Naphthol reds, total 

Naphthol AS-BS (Pr. 305) and pnoa-; 

Naphthol reds, other 

Para red, dark 

Rhodamine B (C.I. 7'i9), PMA, PTA, and fugitive-- 
Rhodamine 6G (Rhodamine 6GDN) (Rhodamine Y) 

(C.I. 752), PMA 

Rhodamine 6G (Rhodamine 6GDN) (Rhodamine Y) 

(C.I. 752), PTA 

Toluidine red, C.I. 69 

Vat pink (C.I. 1211) 

All other 

Violet toners, reduced: 

Ethyl violet (C.I. 682), PMA 

Methyl violet B. (C.I. 680), fugitive and PTA— 

Ifethyl violet B (C.I. 680), PMA 

Yellow toners, reduced: 

Benzidine yellows 

Hansa yellow G, Pr. 103 — 

Hansa yellows, other 



},000 
ponnds 



1,01)0 
rounds 



1 , 000 

pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



1,255 



3 

126 

53 



13 
1,603 



104 
33 
471 
250 
221 
26 



18 
477 



1,542 



108 
36 
455 
221 
234 



32 
17 
852 
143 
103 

6 
70 

1,628 



359 
172 

187 



420 
80 
210 

265 

287 
31 



259 
333 



541 
101 
202 

238 
230 

73 



Quantity 



,, , Unit 
Value , 1 
value 



LAKES OR LAKED COLORS 

Total 

Products for which separate statistics may not be shown*- 
Products for which separate statistics are shown below — 

Black lakes: Logwood black (C.I. 1253) 

Blue lakes, total 

Brilliant wool blue FFR (Pr. 40) 

Peacock blue, fiigitive (Patent blue) (C.I. 671) 

All other 

Brown lakes 

Green lakes 

Maroon lakes 

Orange lakes: Persian orange (Acid orange Y) (Orange II) 
(C.I. 151) - 

Red lakes, total 

Alizarin red B (C.I. 1027) 

Hello fast rubine 4 BL (Pr. 406) 

Pigment scarlet 3B (C.I. 216) 

Scarlet 2R (C.I. 79) - 

All other 

See footnotes at end of table. 



4,462 



3,159 



1,000 
dollars 
2,975 



211 
4,251 



195 
2,964 



77 
2,898 



112 
2,245 



23 

2,118 

104 



97 
1,078 



86 
1,069 



984 
72 



111 
84 
186 
253 
245 



166 
237 
235 



216 
198 
268 
145 
277 



30 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



TAH.E ISA.^-Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of toners and lakes, 

1957 --Continued 



Production 



Quantity 



Unit 
value •'■ 



LAKES OR LAKED COLORS— Continued 

Violet laies, total 

Acid violet (C.I. 698) 

All other 

yellow lakes, total 

Tartrazine (C.I. 640) 

All other 



1,000 
dollars 



^.83 



108 

15 



134 
32 



^ Calculated on rounded figures. 

^ Includes all black toners and unspecified violet and yellow toners. 

^ Includes all black reduced toners and unspecified violet and yellow reduced toners. 

* Includes unspecified black and orange lakes. 

Note . — The C.I. ( Colour Index ) and Pr. (prototype) numbers shown in this report are the identifying numbers 
given, respectively, in the 1st edition of the Colour Index and in the prototype list of the Technical Manual 
and Yearbook of the American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists. Parentheses around a C.I. or Pr. 
number indicate that it is the number of the dye from which the specified toner or lake was produced. When 
the C.I. or Pr. number is not enclosed in parentheses, the named toner itself is listed in the Index or 
Manual . 

The abbreviations PMA and PTA stand for phosphomolybdic and phosphotungstic acids, respectively. Pigments 
formerly listed as PTMA (phosphotungstomolybdic acid) are now included with PTA colors. 

Intermediates used in the manufacture of certain colors are abbreviated as follows: 



aaa 


acetoaoetanilide 


dna 


dlnitroanlline 


pnoa 


para-nitro-ortho- 


aaot 


acetoacet-ortho-toluidide 


ocpna 


ortho-ohloro-para- 




anisidlne (5-nltro- 


bn 


beta-naphthol 




nitroaniline (2-chloro-4- 




ortho- anls idine ) 


bon 


beta-oxynaphthoic acid (3- 




nitro aniline) 


pnot 


para-nitro-ortho-tolui 




hydroxy-2-naphthoio acid) 


ona 


ortho-nitroaniline 




dine (5-nitro-ortho- 


dca 


dichloroaniline 


pmp 


phenylmethylpyrazolone 




toluldine ) 


deb 


dichlorobenzidine 











1957, sales amounted to 29. 6 million pounds, valued at 56. 9 
million dollars, compared with 33. 1 million pounds, valued at 
57.8 million dollars, in 1956- -representing a decrease of 10.5 
percent in quantity and 1. 5 percent in value. 

Production of full-strength toners in 1957 totaled 27. 8 million 
pounds, or 2. 7 percent less than the 28. 5 million pounds reported 
for 1956. Sales of full-strength toners declined in quantity but 
increased in value. In 1957 sales amounted to 21. 1 million pounds, 
valued at 47. 1 million dollars, compared with 22.4 million pounds, 
valued at 45. 7 nnillion dollars, in 1956--decreasing 5.9 percent 
in quantity and increasing 3.0 percent in value. More than 50 per- 
cent of the 1957 output of full-strength toners consisted of red 
toners (15. 2 million pounds). Individual toners produced in the 
largest quantities were lithol red R, 4. 9 million pounds; benzidine 
yellow, 2. 7 million pounds; toluidine red, 2. 5 million pounds; 
phthalocyanine blue B, 2.4 million pounds; phthalocyanine green, 
1.9 million pounds; and eosine, permanent red 2B, and red lake 
C, 1.3 million pounds each. 

Production of reduced (extended) toners amounted to 5. 5 mil- 
lion pounds in 1957, or 24. 1 percent less than the 7. 3 million 
pounds reported for 1956. Sales of reduced toners also declined, 
in both quantity and value. In 1957, sales amounted to 5.4 million 
pounds, valued at 6.8 million dollars, compared with 7.0 million 
pounds, valued at 8.8 million dollars, in 1956--representing a de- 
cline of 24. 7 percent in quantity and 22.4 percent in value. Phthal- 
ocyanine blue B, the output of which was 836, 000 pounds, was the 
reduced toner produced in the largest quantity in 1957. 



TONERS AND LAKES 



31 



TABLE 16. "Synthetic organic chemicals: United states production and sales of selected dry, flushed, pulp, 

and dispersed colors, 1957' 

[Listed below are selected dry, flushed, pulp, and dispersed colors for which data on production and sales 

may be published] 



Dry, flushed, pulp, and dispersed forms 



Produc- 
tion 



Quantity 



Unit 
value^ 



Alkali blue, C.I. 70-;:^ 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 

Benzidine yellow:^ 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 

Eosine (C.I. 768):* 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Lithol red R, C.I. 189, barium toner:' 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 

Lithol red R, C.I. 189, calcium toner:' 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 

Lithol red R, C.I. 189, sodium toner:* 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Methyl violet B (C.I. 680), fugitive:' 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Methyl violet B (C.I. 680), permanent:* 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 

Peacock blue (C.I. 671), fugitive:* 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Phthalocyanine blue E, Pr. 431: 

Dry form 

Fl\ished form 

Pulp form ■ 

Dispersed form 

Phthalocyanine green, Pr. 483:' 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 

Dispersed form 

Red lake C, C.I. 165, barium toner:* 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 

Red lake C, C.I. 165, sodium toner:^ Dry form- 

Toluidine red, C.I. 69:' 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 

Dispersed form 



252 
2,805 



,646 
,145 
482 

137 
,741 

,302 
,268 
314 

,113 
486 

161 

310 
312 

310 
486 

259 

330 
47 

600 

,871 

,789 
517 

,145 
229 



976 
877 
222 



2,185 
436 
285 



245 

2,803 

885 

1,321 
2,992 



1,370 



2,154 
2,057 



1,078 
461 



320 
282 



305 
439 



235 
320 



269 
2,274 

2,285 
773 

1,419 
263 

1,259 
140 
681 
100 

810 
819 



1,713 
261 
208 



1,000 

dollars 

515 

3,425 

392 

2,797 

1,693 

32 

119 
1,105 

1,871 
1,000 



925 
266 



312 
157 



455 
371 



544 
328 



264 

1,393 

5,616 
615 

1,362 
201 

3,227 

103 

1,132 



953 
633 



2,507 
237 
90 
42 



ound 

$2.10 
1.22 



.58 
.29 



2.31 
1.02 



2.46 

.30 



1.46 
.91 



.48 



^ Statistics on production and sales of the organic pigments (color lakes and toners) listed in this table 
are given in terms of the commercial (physical) forms in which they enter commercial channels. Data on the 
flushed, pulp, and dispersed forms, therefore, are in terms of total weight, incliiding pigment and vehicle 
(water or oil) . 

^ Calculated on rounded figures. 

' Data on the dispersed form were accepted in confidence and may not be published because publication 
would reveal the operations of individual companies. 

* Data on the pulp form were accepted in confidence and may not be published because publication would 
reveal the operations of individual companies. 

' Data on the pulp and dispersed forms were accepted in confidence and may not be published because publi- 
cation would reveal the operations of individual companies. 

* Data on the pulp form of sales and .all data on the dispersed form were accepted in confidence and may 
not be published because publication would reveal the operations of individual companies. 

' Data on the pulp, flushed, and dispersed forms of production were accepted in confidence and may not be 
published because publication would reveal the operations of individual companies. 

* Data on the dry form of sales., data on the pulp form of production, and all data on the flushed form 
were accepted in confidence and may not be published because publication would reveal the operations of 
individual companies. 

' Data on the dispersed form of production were accepted in confidence and may not be published because 
publication would reveal the operations of individual companies. 

Note. — The C.I. ( Colour Index ) and Pr. (prototype) numbers shown in this report are the identifying num- 
bers given respectively in the Colour Index and in the prototype list of the Technical Manual and Yearbook 
of the American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists. Parentheses around a C.I. or Pr. number indi- 
cate that it is the number of the dye from which the specified toner or lake was produced. When the C.I. or 
Pr. number Is not enclosed in parentheses, the named toner itself is listed in the Index or Mgnunl - 



32 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 

Production of lakes (laked colors) in 1957 totaled 4. 5 million 
pounds--13. 9 percent less than the 5. 2 million pounds produced in 

1956. Sales in 1957 totaled 3. 2 million pounds, valued at 3. 
million dollars, compared with 3. 7 million pounds, valued at 3. 3 
million dollars, in 1956. In terms of quantity, sales of lakes in 
1957 were 13. 5 percent smaller than in 1956; in terms of value 
they were 9. 3 percent smaller. Fugitive peacock blue was the lake 
produced in the largest quantity in 1957; the output of this pigment 
was 2. 1 million pounds. 

Statistics on production and sales of the dry, flushed, pulp, and 
dispersed forms of 14 selected colors are given in table 1 6. Of 
these colors, alkali blue, benzidine yellow, eosine, fugitive methyl 
violet B, permanent methyl violet B, fugitive peacock blue, and the 
sodium toners of lithol red R and red lake C were made chiefly in 
the flushed form; phthalocyanine blue B, phthalocyanine green, 
toluidine red, the barium and calcium toners of lithol red R, and 
the barium toner of red lake C were made principally in the dry 
form. 

Medicinals 

In this report, medicinal chemicals are divided into three 
major groups: (l) Benzenoid compounds, derived principally from 
coal tar; (2) alicyclic and heterocyclic compounds, usually derived 
from vegetable products and animal tissues, but sometimes also 
from coal tar; and (3) acyclic compounds, usually derived from 
petroleum and from natural gas, or from grain by fermentation. 

Statistics on the production of medicinals are in terms of 100- 
percent content of the medicinal itself, e^cclusive of all diluents 
or other materials used in mixing or compounding tablets, solu- 
tions, and suspensions for consumer use. Except for antibiotics, 
the statistics on sales include only that part of the original (pri- 
mary) production that was sold in undiluted or uncompounded form, 
including that sold in bulk and that sold in packages (tablets, 
ampoules, etc.). Sales of antibiotics include all forms --diluted or 
undiluted- -in bulk or in packages. 

In 1957 the output of all the medicinal chemicals covered in 
this report amounted to 98. 8 million pounds (see table 17A*), or 
10. 5 percent more than the 89.4 million pounds reported for 1956. 
Sales totaled 80.0 million pounds, valued at 576.0 million dollars, 
in 1957, compared with sales of 73. 1 million pounds, valued at 
505.9 million dollars, in 1956. 

The output of all cyclic medicinals in 1957 was 68. 7 million 
pounds, of which 42. 7 million pounds consisted of benzenoid 
medicinals and 26. million pounds, of alicyclic and heterocyclic 
medicinals. Production of acyclic medicinals was 30.0 million 
pounds in 1957, compared with 23. 6 million pounds in 1956. In 
terms of quantity, acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) was the most impor- 
tant medicinal produced in 1957. The output in that year was 18. 1 
million pounds, compared with 16. 6 nnillion pounds in 1956; sales 
amounted to 16. 8 million pounds, valued at 8. 7 million dollars, in 

1957, compared with 13.5 million pounds, valued at 7.0 million 
dollars, in 1956. Production of sulfa drugs in 1957--3.84 million 
pounds --was only slightly larger than the 3. 82 million pounds 



* See also table 17B, part III, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufac- 
turers, and table 28 in part A of the appendix, which shows imports of medicinals and pharmaceuticals 
during the years 1954-57. 

/ 



MEDICINALS 

TABLE 17^. --Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of medicinals , 1957 



33 



[Listed below are all synthetic organic medicinals for which any reported data on production or sales may be 
published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence eind may not be published 
or where no data were reported.) Table 17B in part III lists alphabetically all medicinals for which data 
on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Pro- 
duction ■'• 



Sales'^ 



Value Unit value' 



J Grand total 
MEDICINALS, CYCLIC 
Total 

Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown--- 
Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below 

Total — - 

Acetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin) 

Amino acids 

p-Aminobenzoic acid and derivatives, total 

Procaine base 

procaine hydrochloride 

All other 

p-Arainobenzoic acid, sodium salt 

4-Aminosalicylic acid •■ 

4-Aminosalicylic acid, potassium salt 

Antihistamines 

Bismuth subgallate 

Bismuth subsalicylate 

a,a'-Diethyl-<i,'4'-stilbenediol (Diethylstilbestrol) 

N,a-Diraethylphenethylamine (Desoxyephedrine) hydrochloride 

d, N,a-Dimethylphenethylamine hydrochloride 

Dyes, medicinal 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid esters: Propyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

3-(o-Methoxyphenoxy)-l,2-propanediol (Glyceryl guaiaoyl 

ether) 

a-Methylphenethylamine (Amphetamine) base 

Phenyl mercuric derivatives 

Salicylamide 

Salicylic acid 

Salicylic acid salts, total 

Sodium salicylate 

■ '■ Strontium salicylate 

■ All other - 

Sulfa drugs, total 

N*-Phthalylsulfaacetamide 

N-Sulfanllylacetamide (Sulfaacetamide) 

All other 

Thymol 

3-o-Toloxy-l,2-propanediol (o-Cresyl a-glyceryl ether) 

Vitamin K 

All other benzenoid medicinals 

Alicyclic and Heterocyclic 

Total 

Alkaloids and related products, total 

Digitalis glucosides 

Homatropine methyl bromide 

Reserpine 

All other 

Amino acids 

Antibiotics for human or veterinary use, total 

Bacitracin 

Dihydrostreptomyoin 

Neomycin, base 

Penicillin salts, total'' 

Potassium penicillin G 

Procaine penicillin G 

Sodium penicillin G 

All other penicillin salts 

See footnotes at end of table. 



pounds 

98,751 



68,7A5 



24,558 
44,187 



42,768 



18,054 



588 
154 



7,611 
648 



3,843 



30 
3,804 



18 
10,989 



25,977 



(=) 



2,373 



582 
24 
694 
179 
383 



1,000 
pound, 
79,958 



1 . 000 
dollars 
575,998 



53,176 



17,868 
35,308 



36,123 



58,064 
481,156 



44,360 



16,787 



TT 



8,695 
82 



2,106 



570 
128 



1,570 
534 



370 
6,495 



251 
103 



377 
2,469 



10,647 



17,053 



188 

116 

79 

28,459 



494,860 



1,834 



(^) 



65 

277 

1,492 



323,546 



601 

133 

344 

25 



1,956 
20,039 

6,378 
66,294 
12,690 
22,902 

1,327 
29,375 



34 



TABLE 17A. -Syntheti 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 

nic chemicals: United States production and sales of medi 



als, J957- -Continued 



Pro- 
duction-"- 



Value Unit value^ 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 
Alicyclic and //e terocycl ic--Continued 

Antibiotics for human or veterinary use — Continued 
Streptomycin 

Tetracycline 

All other antibiotics for human or veterinary use 

Antibiotics for animal feed supplements, food preservation, 

and crop spraying 

Antihistamines 

Barbituric acid and derivatives, total 

5-Allyl-5-(l-m3thylbutyl) barbituric acid (Secobarbital) 

and salt 

5-sec-Butyl-5-ethylbarbituric acid and sodium salt 

5,5-Diethylbarbituric acid (Barbital) 

5-Ethyl-5-(l-methyl-n-butyl)barbituric acid 

(Pentobarbital) and sodium salt 

5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid (Phenobarbital) (Luminal) 

5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid, sodium salt 

All other 

Bile acids and salts, total 

Cholic acid 

Dehydrocholic acid 

Desoxycholic acid 

All other 

Bromocaijrphor, mono 

Caffeine, natural and synthetic 

5-Chloro-7-iodo-8-quinolinol ( lodochlorohydroxyquinoline) — 

Dihydrocodeinone bitartrate 

5,7-Diiodo-8-quinolinol 

Diothane hydrochloride 

5,5-Diphenylhydantoin and sodium salt 

Hormones (steroid), total 

Hydrocortisone alcohol and acetate 

17-Hydroxy-ll-dehydrooorticosterone (Cortisone) and 

acetate 

All other 

Piperazine 

Piperazine derivatives, total ^ 

Piperazine citrate 

Piperazine tartrate 

All other 

Theobromine sodium salicylate 

Theophylline base and derivates, total 

Theophylline ethylenediamine ( Aminophylline J 

All other 

Tranquilizers 

Vitamins, total 

A (Alcohol and esters),' from all sources 

Bi (Thiamine derivatives) 

Bj (Riboflavin for human consumption) (100^) 

Bj (Riboflavin for animal and poultry consumption) (100^) 

B(, (Pyridoxine) 

Bia All grades^° — 

Dj (Irradiated ergosterol) •'■•'■ 

D3 (Irradiated animal sterol) ■'■^ 

Niacin (Nicotinic acid) 

Niacinamide 

All other 

All other alicyclic and heterocyclic medicinals 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
pounds 



198 
404 
465 

870 
232 



140 

294 

12 

238 



10 
1,636 

13 



37 
987 
498 



274 
294 
140 
265 
37 



2 

2,204 

825 

330 

13,569 



169 
299 
430 



249 
12 

111 



10 
1,679 



3,308 



191 
205 
121 
199 



1,708 
544 
304 

7,221 



1,000 
dollars 

6,786 
108,466 
113,627 

31,307 
3,050 



107 
229 



212 
815 



688 
287 

774 

39 
4,518 

305 
28 



6,342 



19,394 
1,461 



612 



5,028 



63,224 
18,039 



3,577 
2,187 
3,426 
3,705 
21,869 
206 
381 
4,128 
2,003 
3,703 

29,605 



See footnotes at end of table. 



MEDICINALS 



TABLE VA. --Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of medicinals, 1957-- 



35 

Cont inued 



Pro- 
duction"'' 



Sales ^ 



Unit value-' 



MEDICINALS, ACYCLIC 

Total 

Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown 

Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below 

Amino acids, total 

P- Alanine 

Glutamic acid 

All other 

Betaine base 

Betaine hydrochloride 

Chloretone ( tert-Trichlorobutyl alcohol) 

Choline salts, total 

Choline bitartrate 

Choline chloride, for animal and poultry feed and for use 

as an intermediate 

Choline chloride, medicinal grade only 

Choline dihydrogen citrate 

All other 

Gluconic acid salts 

Methyl iodide 

Sodium succinate 

Tranquilizers: 2-Methyl-2-n-propyl-l,3-propanediol 

dicarbamate 

Vitamins, total 

Ascorbic acid and derivatives, total 

Ascorbic acid 

All other 

Pantothenic acid and derivatives, total 

Pantothenic acid, d-caloium salt 

All other 



30,006 



1,000 
pounds 
26,782 



1,000 
dolUrs 
36,778 



pound 
$1.37 



7,055 
22,951 



9,618 

17,16.4 



5,593 
31,185 



1.82 



3,590 



AA2 
3,780 



9,728 



340 
143 

3,107 



7,877 



759 

249 

6,869 



183 

9,331 
31 
104 

79 

3,978 



759 
4,196 



3,429 

2,868 

561 

767 

92 

675 



9,179 
41 
120 



740 
3,208 



2,771 

2,203 

568 

437 

69 

368 



2,564 



3,691 
16,539 



2.19 
2.23 
1.74 
2.21 

3.13 
1.31 
2.00 

.31 

1.01 



.28 

.93 

1.03 

.94 



3.50 
1.50 



5.16 



12,949 
10,558 
2,391 
•3,590 
875 
2,715 



4.67 
4.79 
4.21 
8.22 
12.68 
7.38 



■"■ Production of medicinals is in bulk only. The statistics do not include the production of finished prepa- 
rations, such as tablets, capsules, and ampoules, which are manufactured from bulk medicinals. 

^ Except for antibiotics, sales include only that part of the original production which is sold in undi- 
luted or uncompounded form including that sold in bulk and that sold in packages (tablets, ampoules, etc.). 
Sales of antibiotics include all forms (both undiluted or uncompounded and dilutaS or BQmpounded) including 
that sold in bulk and that sold in packages. 

^ Calculated on rounded figures. 

* Sales of procaine base amounted to 294 pounds. 

^ Production of digitalis glucosides totaled 362 pounds. 

' Sales of reserpine were 318 pounds; unit value of sales was $871 per pound. 

'' Penicillin salts in terms of international units based on 1,667 units per milligram of the penicillin G 
standard of the Food and Drug Administration were reported as follows: 



Quantity 



Unit value 



Penicillin salts, total-' 
Potassium penicillin G' 
Procaine penicillin G- 

Sodlum penicillin G 

All other 



525,738 



135,245 

289,506 

15,761 

85,226 



sBUiion 
inhrnationa 
units 
455,586 



100,658 

260,262 

18,980 

75,686 



1,000 
dollars 
66,294 



Its 



12,690 
22,902 
1,327 
29,375 



$145.51 



126.07 
88.00 
69.92 

388.12 



* Commercial sales are based on international units. 

' Quantities reported In viriits have been converted to pounds using as a factor the average units per pound 
of the medicinal grade as deteimined by the Food and Drug Administration. 

Production of vitamin A alcohol and' esters from all sources totaled 268,391 billion U.S. P. units; sales 
totaled 191,641 billion U.S. P. units. 

^° Production of vitamin B12, all grades, totaled 790 pounds; sales totaled 537 pounds. The unit value was 
$89.83 per gram. 

^^ Production of vitamin Dj totaled 21,640 billion U.S. P. units; sales totaled 9,542 billion U.S. P. units. 
Calculated at the rate of 18.14 billion units per pound, production totaled 1,193 pounds and sales totaled 
526 pounds. 

^2 Production of vitamin D3 totaled 36,658 billion U.S. P. units; sales totaled 16,980 billion U.S.F. units. 
Calculated at the rate of 18.14 billion units per pound, production totaled 2,021 pounds and sales totaled 
936 pounds. 



36 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 

produced in 1956. Production of barbituric acid and derivatives 
totaled 755,000 pounds in 1957--slightly less than the 756,000 
pounds produced in 1956. Sales of barbituric acid and derivatives 
totaled 457, 000 pounds, valued at 2.4 million dollars, in 1957, 
compared with 467, 000 pounds, valued at 2. 5 million dollars, in 
1956. 

In terms of value, the antibiotics --as a group--were the most 
important medicinals produced in 1957. Total production of anti- 
biotics for human and veterinary use was 2, 373, 000 pounds in 1957, 
or 406, 000 pounds more than the output of 1, 967, 000 pounds re- 
ported for 1956. Sales totaled 1, 986, 000 pounds, valued at 323. 5 
million dollars, compared with 1, 737, 000 pounds, valued at 271.4 
million dollars, in 1956. Production of penicillin salts totaled 526 
trillion international units in 1957, compared with 478 trillion in- 
ternational units in 1956. Sales of penicillin salts totaled 456 
trillion international units, valued at 66. 3 million dollars, in 1957, 
compared with 449 trillion international units, valued at 63. 5 mil- 
lion dollars, in 1956. The output of dihydrostreptomycin amounted 
to 582, 000 pounds in 1957, compared with the 492, 000 pounds re- 
ported for 1956; sales totaled 462, 000 pounds, valued at 20. mil- 
lion dollars, in 1957, compared with 431, 000 pounds, valued at 
18. 2 million dollars, in 1956. The output of streptomycin amounted 
to 198, 000 pounds in 1957, compared with 130, 000 pounds in 1956. 
Production of neomycin base amounted to 24, 000 pounds in 1957; 
sales were 19, 000 pounds, valued at 6.4 million dollars. Produc- 
tion of tetracycline was 404, 000 pounds in 1957; sales were 299, 000 
pounds, valued at 108.5 million dollars. 

The combined output of the three broad spectrum antibiotics, 
chlorotetracycline, chloramphenicol, and oxytetracycline, totaled 
290, 118 pounds in 1957; sales of these products in 1957 amounted 
to 259, 052 pounds, valued at 73. 7 million dollars. Total produc- 
tion of antibiotics for aninnal feed supplements, food preservation, 
and crop spraying in 1957 was 870, 000 pounds, compared with the 
779,000 pounds reported for 1956; sales of these products in 1957 
amounted to 795, 000 pounds, valued at 31. 3 million dollars. 

Among the other important groups of medicinal products in 
1957 were the vitamins. In 1957 the combined output of vitamins-- 
as a group--was 8.6 million pounds, compared with 7.2 million 
pounds in 1956. Sales of vitamins totaled 6. 5 million pounds, 
valued at 79.8 million dollars, in 1957, compared with 5.6 million 
pounds, valued at 78. 3 million dollars, in 1956. In ternns of quan- 
tity, the 1957 output of some of the more important vitamins was as 
follows: Niacin, 2.2 million pounds; ascorbic acid and derivatives, 
3.4 million pounds; pantothenic acid and derivatives, 767, 000 
pounds; thiamine derivatives, 294, 000 pounds; and vitanain A 
alcohol and esters, 274, 000 pounds (268, 391 billion U. S. P. units). 
In terms of value of sales, vitamin Bj2 was the most important. 
Sales of this nnedicinal in 1957 totaled 537 pounds, valued at 21.9 
million dollars. Sales of ascorbic acid and derivatives were 2.8 
million pounds, valued at 12. 9 million dollars, and of vitamin A, 
191, 000 pounds, valued at 18.0 million dollars. 

In 1957 the combined production of all hormones was 52, 000 
pounds; sales totaled 10, 000 pounds, valued at 25.7 million dollars. 

The output of tranquilizers in 1957 totaled 964, 000 pounds. By 
far the most important tranquilizer was 2-methyl-2-n-propyl-l, 3- 
propanediol dicarbamate, production of which totaled 759, 000 
pounds; sales amounted to 740, 000 pounds, valued at 3.7 nnillion 
dollars. 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 



37 



Flavor and Perfume Materials 

Flavor and perfume materials are chemicals --with desirable 
flavors or odors --that are used in the manufacture of food, bev- 
erages, cosmetics, and soaps and to disguise unpleasant odors in 
industrial products. This report includes data on naaterials de- 
rived from natural products by actual chemical processes and 
from coal tar; it does not include data on purely natural products, 
such as floral essences, essential oils, and other materials that 
are obtained by simple extraction or by distillation fronn natural 
vegetable and animal sources. 

The flavor and perfume materials covered in this report are 
grouped as either cyclic or acyclic materials, according to their 
chemical structure. Cyclic materials are further classified as 
(1) benzenoid and napthalenoid, and (2) terpenoid, heterocyclic, 
and alicyclic. Statistics on the production and sales of flavor and 
perfume materials in 1957 are given in table 18A.^ 

Production of flavor and perfume materials as a group totaled 
45. 3 million pounds in 1957, showing an increase of 1.4 percent 
from the 44. 7 million poun,ds produced in 1956. Sales were 42. 1 
million pounds, valued at 58.6 million dollars, in 1957, com- 
pared with 39.2 million pounds, valued at 54.7 million dollars, 
in 1956. 



TABLE 18k. '-Synthetic organic chemicals: 



United States production and 
1957 



ales of flavor atid perfume materials. 



[listed below are all synthetic organic flavor and perfume materials for which any reported data on produc- 
tion or sales may be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence 
and may not be published, or where no data were reported.) Table 18B in part III lists alphabetically all 
flavor and perfume materials for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies the manu- 
facturer of each] 



Pro- 
duction 



Sales 



Quantity Value 



Unit 
value^ 



Grand total 

FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC 

Total - 

Materials for which separate statistics may not be shown 

Materials for which separate statistics are shown below 

Benienoid and Naphthalenqid 
Total 

a -Amylcinnamaldehyde 

Anethole 

Anisaldehyde^ 

Benzyl acetate 

Benzyl alcohol^ ^ 

Benzyl benzoate^ . 

Benzyl butyrate 

Benzyl cinnamate 

Benzyl formate 

Benzyl phenylacetate (Benzyl a-toluate) 

Cinnamyl alcohol 

Cinnan^l propionate 

Ethyl a ,P-epoxy-P-methylhydrocinnamate (Ethyl methylphenylglycidate) 

Eugenol 

Eugenyl methyl ether 

Isobutyl benzoate 

Isobutyl phenylacetate (Isobutyl a-toluate) 

Isoeugenol 

p-Methoxyacetophenone 

a -Methylbenzyl acetate 

Methyl salicylate (Synthetic wintergreen) 

Ehenethyl acetate 

See footnotes at end of table. 



pounds 
45,294 



27,252 



10,770 
16,482 



14,910 



338 

312 
740 
631 



(') 



4 
142 



28 
87 
10 
23 
3,477 
124 



42,115 



1.000 

dollars 

58,563 



22,147 



35,721 



6,679 
15,468 



13,244 



13,535 
22,186 



17,320 



290 
676 
314 
725 
615 
148 



468 
698 
464 
376 
280 
79 



(') 



4 
131 



3,594 
61 



260 
17 



1,941 
69 



pound 
$1.38 



2.03 
1.43 



1.31 



1.61 

1.03 

1.48 

.52 

.45 

.53 

1.32 

3.25 

1.65 

2.52 

1.72 

5.68 

6.30 

1.96 

3.47 

.83 

3.35 
2.07 

.54 
1.14 



sSee also table 18B, part III, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manu- 
facturers. 



38 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



TABLE 18^. --Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of flavor and perfume materials, 

7957 --Continued 



Pro- 
duction 



Quantity 



FLAVOR AMD PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC--Continuecl 
Benzenoid and Naphthalenoid--Continued 

Phenethyl alcohol 

Phenethyl anthranilate 

Phenethyl butyrate 

Phenethyl cinnamate 

Phenethyl propionate 

All other benzenoid and naphthalenoid materials 

Terpenoid, Heterocyclic, and Alicyclic 
Total 

Cedrol 

Cedryl acetate 

Citral (Geranial) »--■ 

Citronellal 

dl-Citronellol ^-• 

Citronellyl acetate 

Citronellyl formate 

Citronellyl propionate 

Coumarin 

Ethyl oxyhydrate 

Geraniol 

Geranyl acetate — 

Geranyl butyrate 

Geranyl formate 

Hydrodoumarin (3,4-Dihydrocoumarin) 

Hydroxycitronellal 

lonones, total 

a-Ionone 

All other 

Linalool 

Linalyl acetate 

Menthol, synthetic 

Methylionones 

Nerol 

Piperonal ( Heliotropin) 

Rhodinol 

Rhodinyl acetate 

Safrole 

Sweeteners, synthetic 

Terpineols 

Terpinyl acetate 

Vetivenyl acetate 

All other terpenoid, heterocyclic, and alicyclic materials'- 

FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, ACYCLIC 

Total - - - 

Materials for which separate statistics may not be shown 

Materials for which separate statistics are shown below 

Allyl oaproate 

Ethyl butyrate 

Ethyl oaproate (Ethyl hexoate) 

Ethyl caprylate (Ethyl octoate) 

Ethyl enanthate (Ethyl heptylate) 

Ethyl pelargonate 

Glutamic acid, monosodimn salt (Monosodium glutamate) 

Isoamyl caproate (Amyl caproate) 

Isoamyl propionate (Amyl propionate) 



1,000 
pounds 

1,559 

(*) 



7,316 



12,3^2 



109 
269 
359 



2-i 

417 

28 



7 
244 



107 
122 
445 
372 
2 
198 
17 

272 
2,060 
2,544 

346 

15 

3,454 



18,042 



717 
17,325 



3 

179 

2 



1 

17,135 

2 



1,000 

pounds 
1,195 

1 

5,275 



8,903 



1,000 
dollars 
1,253 



10,899 



18,401 



n 



275 
23 



87 
210 

794 
28 
102 
1 
1,559 
22 
718 
60 



1,002 
1,056 



11 
283 



106 
459 
305 

239 

104 
2,035 
2,128 

282 

8 

1,404 



69 
987 

404 

482 

2,292 

1,549 

598 

6 

82 

3,817 

561 

139 

190 

2,636 



698 
19,270 



930 
21,912 



3 

165 



19,099 



21,785 

1 



■'• Calculated on the exact (i.e., iinrounded) figures. 

^ Includes some of technical grade. 

' Includes some of medicinal grade. 

* Less than 500 pounds. 

' Includes chemically modified essential oils. 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 39 

The output of benzenoid and naphthalenoid flavor and perfume 
materials in 1957 was 14.9 million pounds, a decrease of 3.9 per- 
cent fronn the 15.5 million pounds reported for 1956. In this group, 
chemicals the output of which exceeded 1 million pounds in 1957 
were methyl salicylate (synthetic wintergreen oil), 3. 5 naillion 
pounds, and phenethyl alcohol, 1.6 million pounds. Sales of ben- 
zenoid and naphthalenoid flavor and perfume materials as a group 
totaled 13.2 million pounds, valued at 17. 3 million dollars in 1957, 
compared with 12.9 million pounds, valued at 16.4 million dollars, 
in 1956. 

Production of terpenoid, heterocyclic, and alicyclic flavor and 
perfunae materials in 1957 was 12.3 million pounds, an increase of 
25. percent from the 9. 9 million pounds reported for 1956. Statis- 
tics on synthetic sweeteners are published for the first time in this 
report. Production of these chemicals, which include derivatives 
of cyclohexane sulfamic acid and saccharin, totaled 2. 1 million 
pounds; sales amounted to 2. million pounds, valued at 3. 8 mil- 
lion dollars. 

The output of acyclic flavor and perfume materials totaled 18.0 
million pounds in 1957, a decrease of 6.4 percent from the 19. 3 
million pounds reported for 1956. By far the most important 
product in this group was monosodium glutamate, production of 
which totaled 17. 1 million pounds, or about 95 percent of the 
acyclic group. Sales of acyclic materials totaled 20. million 
pounds, valued at 22.8 million dollars, in 1957, compared with 
18.4 million pounds, valued at 21.8 million dollars, in 1956. 

Plastics and Resin Materials 

Plastics and resin nnaterials are condensation or polymerization 
products of organic chemicals containing necessary fillers, plas- 
ticizers, and extenders. At some stage in their manufacture they 
exist in such physical condition that they can be shaped or processed 
by the application of heat and pressure. Some types of plastics may 
be molded, cast, or extruded into finished or semifinished forms. 
Other types are used as adhesives, for the treatment of textiles 
and paper, and for protective coatings. Still other types of plas- 
tics materials may be processed into sheets, rods, and tubes, 
which are further manufactured into finished articles. Except for 
vinyl resins, the statistics given in the following tables are based 
on the total weight of the materials, excluding liquids. Statistics 
on vinyl resins are given on the basis of resin content. Cellulose 
plastics, being derived from natural materials, are not covered 
in this section of the report (see part D of the appendix). 

Statistics on the production and sales of plastics and resins are 
given in table 19A according to chemical composition, and in 
table 20 according to broad end uses. In 1957 the total production 
of all synthetic plastics and resin materials (except cellulosics) 
amounted to 4, 340 million pounds, or 9. 1 percent more than the 
3, 977 million pounds reported for 1956. Sales amounted to 3, 789 
million pounds, valued at 1,234 million dollars, in 1957, com- 
pared with 3,465 million pounds, valued at 1, 142 million dollars, 
in 1956. Production of cellulose plastics in 1957 amounted to 148 
nnillion pounds. 

Total production of benzenoid plastics and resins was 2, 088 
million pounds in 195 7 --slightly more than the 2, 018 million pounds 

sSee also table 19B, part m, which lists these products according to chemical composition and 
identifies the manufacturers. 

491001 O -58 -4 



40 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



TABLE 19\. --Synthetic or^sni 



United States production and sales ofpla 
cording to chemical composition , 1957 



iterials 



chemicals 
grouped 

[Quantities and values are given in terms of the total weight of the materials (dry basis). Listed below are 
all plastics and resin materials for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used v;here the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no 
data were reported. ) Table 19B in part III lists all plastics and resin materials for which data on pro- 
duction or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Sales 



Unit 
Quantity Value value^ 



Grand total 

PLASTICS AM) RESIN MATERIALS, BENZENOID 

Total 

Materials for vihich separate statistics may not be shown-' 

Materials for which separate statistics are shown below 

Coujnarone-indene and petroleum polymer resins 

Epoxy resins: 

Unmodified: Epichlorohydrin-phenol and bisphenol 

Modified 

Phenolic and other tar-acid resins, total 

Unmodified, total 

Bisphenol-foimaldehyde 

p-tert-Butyl phenol-formaldehyde 

Cresols-forra aldehyde 

Cresylic acid-formaldehyde 

Phenol-formaldehyde 

Resorcinol-formaldehyde 

All other 

Modified, total 

Bisphenol-formaldehyde-rosin 

p-tert-Butyl phenol-formaldehyde- rosin 

Phenol-formaldehyde-aniline 

Phenol-formaldehyde-rosin 

All other 

Phthalic alkyd resins, total 

Unmodified, total 

Phthalic anhydride-glycerol ' 

Phthalic ahhydride-glycerol-glycol 

Phthalic anhydride-glyoerol-pentaerythritol 

Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-sorbitol 

Phthalic anhydride-glycol-pentaerythritol 

Phthalic anhydride-pentaerythritol 

All other 

Modified, total 

Phthalic anhydride-adipio acid-glycol 

Phthalic anhydride-benzoic acid-glycerol 

Phthalic anhydride-fumaric acid-glycerol 

Phthalic arihydride-fumario acid-glycerol-rosin 

Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-pentaerythritol-phenol- 

forraaldehyde- rosin 

Phthalic anhy'ii'ide-glycerol-pentaerythritol-rosin or tall 

oil 

Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-phenol-formaldehyde 

Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-phenol- formaldehyde-rosin 

Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-rosin 

Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-glycerol 

Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-glycerol- 

pentaerythritol 

Phthalic anhydride-maleic anliydride-glycerol- 

pentaerythritol-rosin 

Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-glycerol-rosin 

Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-pentaerythritol 

Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-pentaerythritol-rosin 

or tall oil 

Phthalic anhydride-pentaerythritol-rosin or tall oil 

All other 

Polyester resins, total^ 

Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-glycol-styrene 

All other 

Styrene resins, total 

Polystyrene 

Styrene-acrylonitrile copolymer 



1,000 

pounds. 

dry basis' 

4,3^0,^08 



1.000 

pounds. 

dry basis' 

3,789,-^70 



1.000 
dollars 
1,234,109 



2,087,902 



1,732,619 



480,905 



6,548 
2,081,354 



6,258 
1,726,361 



3,372 
477,533 



286,144 



40,245 
6,457 



532,306 



480,484 

530 

8,273 

8,625 

9,811 

420,592 

2,195 

30,458 

51,822 

3,511 

4,325 

5,366 

23,127 

15,493 

439,870 



317,433 

139,246 

6,234 

37,504 

1,184 

43,310 

81,556 

8,404 

122,432 

965 

7,805 

4,040 

2,401 

4,715 

9,794 
5,171 
8,913 
11,324 
8,827 

4,854 

3,114 
2,768 
7,343 

5,932 
14,802 
19,664 

96,232 



52,234 
43,998 



277,914 



25,085 
2,347 



473,446 



28,754 



17,407 
1,710 



128,750 



429,627 

360 

7,462 

3,874 

2,419 

391,235 

1,973 

22,304 

43,819 

3,668 

4,137 

4,770 

22,281 

8,963 

208,473 



142,286 

51,084 

4,2C5 

8,208 

699 

35,727 

37,228 

5,135 

66,187 

454 

1,127 

1,664 

802 

3,454 

2,651 

7,256 
6,072 
4,551 

3,638 

1,335 
1,836 
6,831 

4,279 
7,843 

12,394 

35,653 



115,552 

192 

2,941 

1,429 

671 

101,650 

1,610 

7,059 

13,198 

913 

1,082 

1,531 

5,856 

3,816 

72,566 



46,659 

17,005 

2,351 

2,703 

263 

9,698 

12,723 

1,416 

.^5,907 

266 

596 

816 

368 

1,247 

1,087 

3,096 
2,495 
1,959 

1,730 

566 

1,026 
2,466 

1,597 
2,629 
3,963 



47,703 
37,950 



653,44 3 



460,261 
20,984 



453,799 



16,240 
18,337 



193,769 



122,967 



See footnotes at end of table. 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 



41 



TABLE 19A. --Synthetic orfinnic chemicnls: United States product ion f3nd snlcR of plastics and resin mater ials, 
grouped according to chemical composition, i957- -Continued 



Quantity Value 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, BENZENOID— Continued 

Styrene resins — Continued 

Styrene-alliyd polyester resins, total 

Phthalio anhydride-glyoerol-pentaerythritol-styrene--- 

Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-styrene 

All other 

Styrene-butadiene copolymer 

Styrene-divinylbenzene copolymer 

All other styrene resins 

PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, NONBENZENOID 

Total— - 

Materials for which separate statistics may not be shown^- 
Materials for which separate statistics are shown below — 

Acetone-fonnaldehyde resins 

Alkyd resins, except phthalic, total 

Unmodified, total 

Adipic acid-glycol 

Maleic anhydride-pentaerythritol 

All other 

Modified, total 

Fumario acid-glycerol-rosin 

Fumaric acid-pentaerythritol-rosin 

Maleic anhydride-glycerol-pentaerythritol-rosin 

Maleic anhydride-glycerol-rosin 

Maleic anhydride-glycol-rosin 

Maleic anhydride-pentaerythritol-rosin 

Maleic anhydride-pentaerythritol-tall oil 

All other 

Polyethylene resins 

Rosin and terpene adduot resins, total 

Fumaric acid-rosin 

All other ■ 

Rosin and tall oil esters, unmodified, total 

Rosln-glycerol 

Rosln-glyoerol-pentaerythritol 

Rosin-pentaerythritol 

Tall oil-pentaerythritol 

All other 

Silicone resins 

Urea and melamine resins, total 

Urea-formaldehyde type, total 

Butylurea-fonnaldehyde 

Urea- formaldehyde 

All other 

Melamlne-formaldehyde type, total 

Melamine- formaldehyde 

All other 

Vinyl and vinyl copolymer resins (resin content), total — 
Polyvinyl acetate 

Polyvinyl chloride and copolymer resins (containing 5O56 

or more polyvinyl chloride) 

All other vinyl resins* 



1,000 

rounds, 

y basis' 

17,423 

2,310 

8,957 

6,156 

136,506 

27,403 

17,523 



2,252,506 



161,989 
2,090,517 



388 



88,667 



31,937 

20,823 

868 

10,246 

56,730 

4,016 

8,078 

647 

17,125 

2,927 

18,404 

2,854 

2,679 

707, 500 

6,182 



1,856 
4,326 



48,822 



22,400 
999 

16,173 

328 

8,922 

3,375 

349,077 



237,907 
18,138 

203,309 
16,460 

111,170 
83,855 
27,315 

886,506 



100,187 



689,456 
96,863 



1,000 

pounds, 

dry basis' 

14,491 

1,199 

7,398 

5,894 

128,138 

24,491 

32,524 



2,056,851 



151,865 
1,904,986 



72,513 



29,419 

19,631 

428 

9,360 

43,094 

2,466 

4,632 

311 

15,236 

2,289 

16, 228 

1,121 

811 

662,046 

5,875 



1,799 
4,076 



17,462 

15,921 

47 

9,300 

3,014 

321,614 



220,781 
13,297 

192,910 
14,574 

100,833 
76,106 
24,727 

796,830 



86,054 



634,442 
76,334 



1,000 

dollars 

6,381 

569 

3,216 

2,596 

41,333 

12,029 

11,059 



753,204 



127,912 
625,292 



25,136 



14,258 

9,241 

112 

4,905 

10,878 

638 

1,480 

84 

3,775 

777 

3,438 

292 

394 

214, 575 

2,030 



529 
1,501 



9,284 



4,768 

2,905 

8 

1,603 

9,133 

98, 292 



51,451 
5,084 
40,850 
5,517 
46,841 
33,169 
13,672 

266,681 



30,443 



184,961 
51,277 



^ Calculated on rounded figures. 

^ Dry basis, for the purpose of this report, is defined as the total weight of the material, including 
resin, plasticizers, fillers, extenders, colors, and stabilizers, and excluding water, solvents, and other 
liquid diluents. 

Includes data for aniline-formaldehyde, toluenesulfonamide, and other benzenoid plastics and resin 
materials. 

* Polyester resins, for the purpose of this report, include unsaturated alkyds copolymerized with 
monomers such as styrene, and polyallyl resins such as diallyl phthalate or allyl diglycol carbonate. Data 
for styrene-al]£yd polyesters for protective coatings are not included in this group. 

Includes data for acrylic, polyamide, and other nonbenzenoid plastics and resin materials. 

* Includes data for polyvinyl alcohol, butyral and foimal, and for copolymers containing less than 505t 
polyvinyl chloride. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



42 

TABLE Z). --Synthetic organic chemicals: United States product i 



=)ies of plastics and resin materials. 



grouped according to classes and nses , 1957 

[ In thousands of pounds, dry basis-"-] 



Phenolic and other tar-acid resins, total 

Molding materials ■ 

Bonding and adhesive resins for — 

Laminating (except for plywood) 

Coated and bonded abrasives 

Friction materials (brake linings, clutch facings, etc.) 

Thermal insulation (rock wool, fiber glass) 

Plywood 

All other bonding and adhesive uses 

Protective coatings: 

Unmodified 

Modified (except by rosin) 

Rosin esters modified by phenolic and other tar-aoid resins (hard resins) - 

Resins for all other uses 



Urea and melamine resins, total 

Textile-treating and textile-coating resins 

Paper- treating and paper-coating resins 

Bonding and adhesive resins for — 

Laminating 

Plywood 

All other bonding and adhesive uses 

Protective-coating resins, straight and raodified- 
Resins for all other uses, including molding 



straight and modified^ 



Styrene resins, total 

Molding materials 

Protective-coating resins. 

Resins for all other uses 

Vinyl and vinyl copolymer resins (resin content), total 

Polyvinyl chloride and copolymer resins (containing 50 percent of more 
polyvinyl chloride) for — 

Film (under 0.010 gage) 

Sheeting (0.010 gage and over) 

Molding and extrusion 

Textile and paper treating and coating 

Flooring 

Protective coatings 

All other uses 

All other vinyl resins for — 

Adhesives 

All other uses 



Alkyd resins, total 

For protective coatings: 
Phthalic anhydride types: 

Unmodified 

Modified 

Polybasic acid types: 

Unmodified - 

Modified " 

Rosin modifications with maleic and fumaric acids (hard resins) - 
For all other uses 

Rosin esters: 

Unmodified (ester gums) for protective coatings 

All other modifications for protective coatings and other uses 

Coumarone-indene and petroleum polymer resins 

Polyester resins, total 

For reinforced plastics 

For all other uses 



Polyethylene resins, total 

For film 

For all other uses 

Miscellaneous synthetic plastics and resins, total^- 

Molding materials 

Protective-coating resins 

Resins for all other uses 



183,886 

69,198 
16,787 
15,334 
53,215 
46,887 
51,169 

27,387 

3,724 

24,648 

40,071 



,160 
,942 

,328 
,115 
,726 
,860 
,946 

,100 



^22, 
91, 
166, 



523,000 



314,434 
118,094 

7,551 
19,240 
36,114 
27,567 

32,428 
28,540 
286,144 

96,232 



87,466 
8,766 

707,500 



225,592 



52,334 
42,730 
130,028 



"--"Dry basis," for the purpose of this report, is defined as the total weight of the material, including 
that of resin, plastioizers, fillers, extenders, colors, and stabilizers, and excluding that of water, sol- 
vents, and other liquid diluents. 

^ Includes data for styrene-alkyd polyester resins. 

^ Includes data for acrylic, epiohlorohydrln, polyamide" (nylon), silicone, and other plastics an^ resin 
materials . 

Note.— The figures in the above table are based on the Commission's monthly reports on the production and 
sales of synthetic plastics and resin materials. While the group totals are in substantial agreement with 
those given in table 19 A, they are partiaUy estijnated, and may not be correlated exactly with those given 
in that table. The data given in the above table are more nearly complete than those given in the Commis- 
sion's release for January 1958, which gave a summation of the data reported by months for 1957. Changes in 
classification and an increase in coverage on some products result In some differences between the detail 
figures given in the above table and -those given in the January 1958 release. 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS 43 

reported for 1956. Sales in 1957 amounted to 1,733 million pounds, 
valued at 481 million dollars. Of the benzenoid group, styrene 
resins were produced in the largest volume, as in previous years. 
The output of styrene resins in 1957 was 680 million pounds; sales 
totaled 653 million pounds, valued at 194 million dollars. Second 
in value of output in the benzenoid group in 1957 were the phenolic 
and other tar-acid resins. Production of these resins in 1957 was 
532 million pounds --somewhat less than the 563 million pounds re- 
ported produced in 1956. Sales amounted to 473 million pounds, 
valued at 129 million dollars, compared with 497 million pounds, 
valued at 129 million dollars, in 1956. The phthalic alkyd resins, 
used principally in the manufacture of protective coatings, were 
third in volume of production in the benzenoid group; production 
in 1957 amounted to 440 million pounds. The output of epoxy resisis 
in 1957 was 40 million pounds; that of polyester resins was 96 
million pounds. 

Production of nonbenzenoid plastics and resins in 1957 amounted 
to 2, 253 million pounds, compared with the 1, 959 million pounds 
reported for 1956. Sales of these resins in 1957 amounted to 2, 057 
million pounds, valued at 753 million dollars, compared with 1,810 
million pounds, valued at 687 million dollars, in 1956. Of the non- 
benzenoid group, vinyl resins were produced in the largest volume 
in 1957, as they have been for the past several years. The output 
of vinyl resins amounted to 887 million pounds in 1957, com.pared 
with 760 million pounds in 1956. Sales of vinyl resins in 1957 were 
797 million pounds, valued at 267 million dollars, compared with 
722 million pounds, valued at 248 million dollars, in 1956. Nearly 
half of the increase in production and sales of vinyl resins in 1957 
is accounted for by the inclusion of data for companies that did not 
file reports in 1956. 

Production of polyethylene resins, which ranked next to the 
vinyl resins in volume of production in the nonbenzenoid group, 
amounted to 708 million pounds in 1957, compared with 566 million 
pounds in 1956. Sales of polyethylene resins were 662 naillion 
pounds, valued at 215 million dollars, in 1957, compared with 514 
million pounds, valued at 188 million dollars, in 1956. The output 
of urea and melamine resins was 349 million pounds in 1957, com- 
pared with 342 million pounds in 1956. Sales of these resins 
amounted to 322 million pounds, valued at 98 million dollars, in 
1957, compared with 311 million pounds, valued at 92 million dol- 
lars, in 1956. Other important resins in the nonbenzenoid group 
are acrylic, polyanaide, silicone, and nonphthalic alkyd resins. 

The statistics on the production and sales of plastics and resins, 
by uses, given in table 20, were compiled principally from the 
Tariff Commission's monthly surveys on production and sales of 
synthetic plastics and resin materials. The largest single use re- 
ported for plastics materials in 1957--as in previous years--was 
for the molding and extrusion of finished and semifinished articles. 
Other important uses for which statistics are shown are for ad- 
hesives, treatment of textiles and paper, protective coatings, and 
for bonding materials. 

Rubber-Processing Chemicals 

Rubber-processing chemicals are organic compounds that are 
added to natural and synthetic rubbers tjo give them qualities neces- 
sary for their conversion into finished rubber goods. In this report, 
statistics are given for cyclic and acyclic compounds by use --such 



uu 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



TABLE 21A. --Synf/ietic organic chemicals 



United States product i 
19^7 



3les of rubber-processing c/iemjcais 



[Listed below are all rubber-processing chemicals for which any reported data on production or sales maj- be 
published, (leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or 
where no data were reported.) Table 21B in part III lists separately all rubber-processing chemicals for 
which data on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Produc- 
tion 



Quantity 



Unit 
value ^ 



Grand total 

RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEhaCAI£, CYCLIC 

Total - - 

Accelerators, total 

Aldehyde -amines 

Dithiocarbamlc acid derivatives 

Thiazole derivatives, total 

2,2'-Dithiobls[benzothiazole] 

All other^- 

All other cyclic accelerators 

Antioxidants, tctal^ 

Aldehyde- and acetone -amines^ 

Amino and hydroxy compounds, total 

Amino compounds, total 

N,N'-Diphenyl-p-phenylenediamine 

All other 

Hydroxy compounds, total 

Phenol, alkylated 

All other 

Peptizers, taokifiers, inhibitors, and blowing agents 

RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 

Total - 

Accelerators, total 

Dithiocarbamlc acid derivatives, total* 

Dibutyldlthiocarbamlc acid, zinc salt 

Diethyldlthiocarbamlo acid, zinc salt 

Dimethyldithlooarbamic acid, potassium salt 

Dlmethyldithlocarbamlc acid, sodium salt 

Dlmethyldithlocarbamlc acid, sodium salt and sodium polysulfide 

All other 

Tetramethylthiuram sulfides, total' 

Tetramethylthluram disulfide 

Tetramethylthiuram monosulflde 

All other 

Peptizers, modifiers, lubricating, conditioning, and blowing 

agents, total 

Dodeoyl meroaptans 

All other 



1,000 

pounds 

131,813 



1.000 

dollars 

8A,571 



155,579 



109,632 



70,363 



.bir 



70,331 



1,758 

291 

59,537 

16,127 

43,410 

8,745 

76.937 



41,034 



25,149 



28,357 
48,580 
34,627 

3,460 
31,167 
13,953 

2,261 
11,692 

8,311 



30,225 



1,162 

235 

31,063 

10,001 

21,062 

8,574 

60,930 



381 
17,317 

4,927 
12,390 

6,543 

37,819 



25,005 

35,925 

28,237 

3,225 

25,012 

7,688 

1,116 

6,572 

7,668 



22,181 



14,926 
22,893 
16,511 

2,468 
14,043 

6,382 
583 

5,799 

7,395 



14,208 



.61 

~rm 

1.62 
.56 
.49 
.59 
.76 



.62 

.60 
.64 



.83 
.52 



16,635 



10,438 



9,947 
1,103 
1,626 

238 
2,692 
3,052 
1,236 
5,881 
4,830 
1,051 

807 



13,590 



5,618 

944 

1,109 

1,972 

886 

707 

4,351 

3,343 

1,008 

469 



8,873 
3,954 



577 
344 
1,111 
4,475 
3,348 
1,127 
444 



.85 
"TTD 
.99 



1.03 
1.00 
1.12 



8,701 
4,889 



7,239 
4,504 



3,324 
2,011 



■■■ Calculated on rounded figures. 

^ Includes small quantities produced and sold for uses other than rubber processing. 

3 Statistics are not strictly comparable with those for 1956 because data on production and sales of a 
small amoimt of Inhibitors are included to prevent disclosing the operations of Individual companies. 

* Data on dithiocarbamates included in this table are for material used exclusively in the processing of 
natural and synthetic rubbers. Data on dithiocarbamates that are used as fungicides are reported in the 
section "Pesticides and Other Organic Agricultural Chemicals." 

' Includes data for small amounts of tetramethylthiuram sulfides for uses other than in the processii^g of 
natural and synthetic rubbers. 

as accelerators, antioxidants, and peptizers. Statistics on the pro- 
duction and sales of rubber -processing chemicals in 1957 are given 
in table ZlA/ 

Production of rubber -processing chemicals as a group in 1957 
amounted to 186 m.illion pounds, or 11. 2 percent more than the 167 
million pounds reported for 1956. The increase in the output of 
rubber -processing chemicals is accounted for principally ty the in- 
crease in production of cyclic accelerators and antioxidants. Sales 
of rubber-processing chemicals were 132 million pounds, valued at 

7 See also table 21B, part HI, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manu- 
facturers. 



ELASTOMERS (SYNTHETIC RUBBERS) 45 

85 million dollars, in 1957, compared with 132 million pounds, 
valued at 81 million dollars, in 1956. 

The output of cyclic rubber -processing chemicals in 1957 
amounted to 156 million pounds, or 10, percent more than the 141 
nnillion pounds reported for 1956. Sales were 110 million pounds, 
valued at 70 million dollars, in 1957, compared with 111 million 
pounds, valued at 67 million dollars, in 1956. Also included in this 
report are statistics for the dithiocarbamic acid and benzothiazole 
derivatives that are used as accelerators. Of the total production 
of cyclic rubber-processing chemicals in 1957, accelerators ac- 
counted for 45. 2 percent, antioxidants for 49. 5 percent, and other 
uses, for about 5 percent. Statistics on the production and sales of 
amino and hydroxy antioxidants are shown separately for the first 
time in this report. Production of amino antioxidants amounted to 
34.6 million pounds and that of hydroxy antioxidants to 14. million 
pounds. Sales of amino antioxidants in 1957 were 28.2 million 
pounds, valued at 16. 5 million dollars; sales of hydroxy anti- 
oxidants were 7.7 million pounds, valued at 6.4 million dollars. 

Production of acyclic rubber -processing chemicals in 1957 
amounted to 30. 2 million pounds, compared with the 25. 7 million 
pounds reported for 1956. Sales were 22.2 million pounds, valued 
at 14.2 million dollars, in 1957, compared with 21. 1 million 
pounds, valued at 13.4 million dollars, in 1956. Accelerators, 
principally dithiocarbamic acid derivatives and tetramethylthiuram 
sulfides, accounted for about 55 percent of the output of acyclic 
rubber-processing chemicals in 1957. Peptizers and modifiers-- 
chiefly dodecyl mercaptans, together with lubricating, condition- 
ing, and blowing agents--accounted for approximately 45 percent 
of the output in the acyclic group. 

Elastomers (Synthetic Rubbers) 

The total output of all types of elastomers amounted to 2, 354 
million pounds in 1957- -slightly more than the 2, 314 million 
pounds reported for 1956. Sales of all types of elastomers in 1957 
amounted to 2, 099 million pounds, valued at 577 million dollars, 
compared with 2, 156 million pounds, valued at 588 million dollars, 
in 1956. Statistics on the production and sales of elastomers are 
given in table 22A.* 

Production of cyclic elastomers, which consisted principally 
of the polybutadiene-styrene (S-type), amounted to 1,851 million 
pounds in 1957, slightly more than the 1,808 million pounds re- 
ported for 1956. Sales of cyclic elastomers were 1,620 million 
pounds, valued at 390 million dollars, in 1957, compared with 
1,680 million pounds, valued at 403 million dollars, in 1956. S- 
type rubbers are used principally in the manufacture of automobile 
and truck tires. 

The output of acyclic elastomers amounted to 503 million 
pounds in 1957, compared with 506 million pounds in 1956. Sales 
of acyclic elastomers were 479 million pounds, valued at 187 mil- 
lion dollars, in 1957, compared with 476 million pounds, valued at 
185 million dollars, in 1956. The acyclic group of elastomers in- 
cludes oil-resistant types such as neoprene, and special-purpose 
types such as butyl, N-types, and silicone elastomers. 

8See also table 22B, part III, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manu- 
facturers. 



46 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



TABLE 22k. --Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of elastomers (synthetic rubbers),' 

1957 

[Listed below are all elastomers (synthetic rubters) for which reported data on production or sales may be 
published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published 
or where no data were reported. ) Table 22B in part III lists alphabetically all elastomers for which data 
on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Produc- 
tion 



Quantity 



Unit value^ 



Grand total 

ELASTCMERS, CYCLIC 

Total — 

Polybutad? ene-styrene type (S-type) 

All other* 

ELASTCMERS, ACYCLIC 

Total 

Polybutadiene-aorylonitrile type (N-type)- 

Polychloroprene type (Neoprene) 

Polylsobutylene-isoprene type (Butyl) 

All other acyclic elastomers' 



1,000 
pounds' 
2,354,339 



2,099,412 



1.000 
dollars 

576,713 



pound 



1,850,897 



1,620,348 



389,976 



1,838,807 
12,090 



503,4^2 



1,612,199 
8,149 



479,064 



384,261 
5,715 



186,737 



73,880 
248,015 
149,937 

31,610 



479,064 



186,737 



■"■ An elastomer is defined as a material which will stretch repeatedly to 150 percent or more of its origi- 
nal length and will return rapidly and with force to its approximate original state. 

^ Calculated on rounded figures. 

^ Elastomer-content basis. 

* Includes data for modified S-types and for polyurethane. 

' Includes data for the production and sales of THIOKOL polysulfide polymers, polybutcc'iene, polyiso- 
butylene, and silicone elastomers, and natural rubber modifications; and for sales of N-type, neoprene, and 
butyl elastomers. 

Note. — Statistics on the production of S-type, N-type, butyl, and neoprene elastomers were compiled in 
cooperation with the U. S. Bureau of the Census. 

Plasticizers 



Plasticizers are organic chemicals that are added to plastics 
and resin materials to extend or modify the natural properties of 
the resins, or to impart new and improved properties not present 
in the original materials. They impart qualities of flexibility and 
toughness, and improve flowing properties in molding and extrusion 
Dresses. Statistics on production and sales of plasticizers are given 
m table 23A.» 

The total domestic output of all types of plasticizers amounted 
to 442 million pounds in 1957--6. 1 percent more than the 417 mil- 
lion pounds reported for 1956. Sales of plasticizers were 363 mil- 
lion pounds, valued at 114 million dollars, in 1957, compared with 
331 million pounds, valued at 106 million dollars, in 1956. 

Production of cyclic plasticizers in 1957, which consisted prin- 
cipally of the esters of phosphoric acid and phthalic anhydride, 
amounted to 329 nrillion pounds, compared with 315 million pounds, 
in 1956. Sales of cyclic plasticizers were 265 million pounds, valued 
at 76 million dollars, in 1957, compared with 244 million pounds, 
valued at 73 million dollars, in 1956. The output of phthalic an- 
hydride esters, used principally in the manufacture of vinyl resins, 
was 251 million povmds in 1957, and that of phosphoric acid esters 
was 55 million pounds. 



9 See also table 23B, part in, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manu- 
facturers. 



PLASTICIZERS 



47 



TABLE 23A.- -Synthetic organic chemicrils: United States production and sales of plast icizers , 1957 



[Listed below are all plasticizers for which reported data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders 
are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data were 
reported. ) Table 23B in part III lists all plasticizers for which data on production or sales were re- 
ported and identifies the "lanufacturer of each) 



Produc- 
tion 



Sales 



Quantity 



Grand total 

PLASTICIZERS, CYCLIC 

Total — — 

Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown^ 

Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below 

Phosphoric acid esters, total 

Tricresyl phosphate-' 

Triphenyl phosphate 

All other 

Fhthalic anhydride esters, total 

Butyl decyl phthalate 

Dibutyl phthalate 

Dioapryl phthalate 

Dicyclohexyl phthalate 

Diethyl phthalate 

Diisodecyl phthalate 

Di(2-methoxyethyl) phthalate (Di(methyl cellosolve) phthalate )- 

Dimethyl phthalate 

Dioctyl phthalates, total 

Di(2-ethylhexyl ) phthalate 

Diiso-octyl, and mixed octyl phthalates 

Octyl decyl phthalate •■ 

All other 

PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC 

Total 

Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown* — 

Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below 

Adipic acid esters, total 

Dideoyl adlpate 

Di(2-ethylhexyl) adipate 

Diisobutyl adipate 

Diiso-octyl adipate 

All other— - — 

Azelaic acid esters 

Glyceryl monoricinoleate 

Oleic acid esters, total 

Butyl oleate 

Methyl oleate 

All other 

Phosphoric acid esters 

Sebaoic acid esters, total 

Dibutyl sebacate 

All other 

Stearic acid esters, total 

Butyl stearate 

All other 

Triethylene glycol di(oaprylate-oaprate) 



1,000 
<W2,206 



329, 290 



23,-483 
305,807 



29, 94^ 
8,991 
15,601 

251,271 



4,582 
17,702 

5,94^ 

18, 281 

24,431 

2,388 

3,293 

113,095 

73,568 

39,527 

13,319 

48,236 



112,916 



52,721 
60,195 



8,982 



1,294 
1,828 
359 
1,833 
3,668 

5,854 
334 

10,033 



2,006 

817 

7,210 

10,221 

12,553 



3,595 
8,958 



9,903 



5,892 
4,011 



2,315 



1.000 
pounds 
362,874 



1,000 
dollars 
113,676 



265,426 



76, 276 



20,536 
244,890 



5,349 

70,927 



26,808 
17,311 



200, 771 



14,538 



4,382 

12,130 

8,346 

2,958 

11,506 

16,584 

1,123 

3,442 

91,951 

57,161 

34,790 

10,323 

38,026 



97,448 



plo 

6,358 



56,389 



1,150 

3,211 

2,238 

1,479 

3,032 

4,760 

372 

905 

24,713 

15,201 

9,512 

3,101 

ia,428 



37,400 



47,645 
49,803 



17,597 
19,803 



7,099 



1,586 
2,160 



1,118 
2,235 



5,271 
304 



7,666 



3,004 



500 
7,166 
8,406 
9,724 



612 
851 



403 
1,138 



2,388 
105 



2,473 



107 
2,366 
3,617 
5,260 



1,063 
8,661 

9,182 



699 
4,561 



5,711 
3,471 



2,151 



1,226 
994 



736 



Calculated on rounded figures. 

Includes data for synthetic camphor, toluenesulfonamides, tetrahydrofurfuryl oleate, and other cyclic 
plasticizers. 

Includes material produced for use as motor-fuel additive. 

Includes data for citric and acetylcitrio, palmitic, tartaric, and ricinoleio acid esters; and for butyl 
myrlstate, glyceryl and glycol esters of certain fatty acids, glyceryl tripropionate, complex polymeric 
materials, and other acyclic plasticizers. 



48 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 

Production of acyclic plasticizers, consisting of the esters of 
adipic, azelaic, oleic, phosphoric, sebacic, stearic, and other 
acids, amounted to 113 million pounds in 1957, connpared with 101 
million pounds in 1956. Sales of acyclic plasticizers were 97 mil- 
lion pounds, valued at 37 million dollars in 1957, conapared with 88 
million pounds, valued at 34 million dollars in 1956. 

Surface -Active Agents 

The surface -active agents covered in this report include syn- 
thetic organic detergents, and wetting, dispersing, penetrating, and 
emulsifying agents; soaps are not included. As the data on surface - 
active agents are given in this report in terms of 100-percent ac- 
tive material, they exclude all inorganic salts (formed as by- 
products), water, and diluents. 

Originally developed as soap substitutes for the textile industry, 
surface -active agents have proved valuable in miany other applica- 
tions because of their varied and specific properties. Today, 
packaged household and industrial detergents account for about 60 
percent of the total output. The rest, used as wetting, dispersing, 
penetrating, and emulsifying agents, find many applications in the 
processing of textiles and leather, in ore flotation and in oil-drill- 
ing operations, and in the manufacture of paints, agricultural 
sprays, lubricants, cosmetics, foods, and many other products. 

Statistics on production and sales of surface -active agents in 
1957 are given in table 24A." In 1957, production of surface- 
active agents as a group (except oil-soluble petroleum suKonates, 
a type previously included in this group but now included with 
lubricating oil additives in the group of miscellaneous cyclic 
chemicals) totaled 1,206 million pounds, or 5.0 percent more than 
the 1, 148 million pounds reported for 1956. Sales were 1, 123 
million pounds, valued at 217 million dollars, in 1957, compared 
with 1, 047 m.illion pounds, valued at 208 million dollars, in 1956. 

In 1957 the production of anionic surface -active agents (sulfated 
and sulfonated cyclic and acyclic compounds, phosphorus -contain- 
ing acyclic compounds, acyclic salts of fatty acids, and certain 
acyclic nonsulfonated nitrogen-containing connpounds) amounted to 
901 million pounds, or 74.7 percent of the total output of surface- 
active agents. This quantity was 29 million pounds more than the 
output in 1956. Sales totaled 867 million pounds, valued at 139 
million dollars, in 1957, compared with 805 naillion pounds, valued 
at 128 million dollars, in 1956. In volunae of production in 1957, 
the principal items in the anionic group were the dodecylbenzene- 
sulfonic acid type of surface -active agent (455 million pounds) and 
the sulfated and sulfonated acids, alcohols, and esters (163 million 
pounds). 

Production of cationic surface -active agents (all cyclic and 
certain acyclic nonsulfonated nitrogen-containing compounds) in 
1957 was 20 million pounds; sales totaled 16 million pounds, valued 
at 9 million dollars. 

In 1957 the output of all esters and ethers and those acyclic 
nonsulfonated nitrogen-containing compounds generally considered 
to be nonionic materials totaled 285 million pounds. Sales in 1957 
totaled 240 million pounds, valued at 69 million dollars. 



10 See also table 24B, part III, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manu- 
facturers. 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



A9 



TABLE 24A. --Synt/ief I 



United States product: 



r face-act ive aients 



[Listed below are all surface-active agents for which reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no 
data were reported. ) Table 2<iB in part III lists all surface-active agents for which data on production or 
sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Grand total - 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, CYCLIC 



Esters and ethers, nonsulfonated, total -^ - 

Nonylphenoxy polyethoxy ethanol 

All other 



Nitrogen-containing surface-active agents, nonsulfonated, 

total'' 

Benzyldodecyldlmethylammoniuin chloride 

All other 

Sulfated and sulfonated cyclic surface-active agents, total- 
Alkyl benzenoid compounds, sulfated and sulfonated, total - 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid type 

All other 

Lignin derivatives, sulfonated 

Naphthalene derivatives, sulfonated, total 

Amylnaphthalenesulfonlc acid, mono and di 

Butylnaphthalenesulfonlo acid, mono and di 

Isopropylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, mono and di 

All other 

All other sulfated and sulfonated cyclic surface-active 

agents, total^ 

Petroleum sulfonate, water soluble type (acid layer) 

sodium salt^ 

Toluenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

All other 



Froduction 



SURFACE- ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC 



Total 

Esters and ethers, nonsulfonated, total' 

Dlethylene glycol monolaurate 

Diethylene glycol mono-oleate 

Diethylene glycol monostearate 

Ethylene glycol monostearate 

Glycerol mono-oleate 

Glycerol monostearate 

Polyethoxyethyl dilaurate 

Polyethoxyethyl dioleate 

Polyethoxyetl^rl distearate 

Polyethoxyethyl monol aur at e 

Polyethoxyethyl mono-oleate 

Polyethoxyethyl monostearate 

Polyethoxyetl^rl tallow ester 

Polyethoxyethyl trideeyl ether 

1,2-Propylene glycol monolaurate 

1, 2-Propylene glycol monostearate 

All other 



Nitrogen-containing surface-active agents, nonsulfonated, 

total 

N-(Aminoethyl)-N-(hydroxyethyl)stearamide (Stearamide of 

aminoethylethaiiolamine ) 

Coconut oil amide of mono(diethajiolajiiine) 

Coconut oil amide of bis(dlethanolamine) 

Coconut oil amide of diethanolamine, neither mono nor bis- 

N,N-Di(2-hydroxyethyl)oleamlde 

N,N-Di(2-hydroxyethyl)stear amide 

Stearamide of diethylenetriamine 

All other^ 



1,000 

pounds 

1,205,955 



Phosphorus-containing surface-active agents, nonsulfonated- 



Salts of fatty acids, nonsulfonated, total- 
Coconut oil, potassium salt 

Potassium laurate 

Potassium oleate 

Sodium stearate 

All other 



774,553 



84,310 



37,447 
46,863 



12,439 



677,809 



472,304 

454,695 

17,609 

164,635 

5,719 

26 

1,569 

696 

3,428 

35,151 

1,231 
7,129 
26,791 



431,397 



Quantity 



1.000 
pounds 

1,122,9! 



133,691 



757 

263 

1,633 

393 

1,775 

13,025 

528 

330 

351 

1,404 

2,516 

2,901 

440 

4,228 

151 

640 

102,356 



78,720 



2,483 

5,168 

8,447 

947 

787 

1,064 

424 

59,400 

1,683 

9,905 



41 
140 
928 
629 
8,167 



3,802 



28,327 
40,475 



8,333 



664,265 



471,746 

455,057 

16,689 

153,142 

3,870 

26 

1,753 

2,086 

35,507 



7,124 
27,577 



381,584 



1.000 
lolUrs 
216,959 



119,337 



107,690 



661 

225 

955 

377 

1,145 

12,195 

488 

211 

347 

1,044 

1,241 

2,799 

415 

3,739 

145 

591 

81,112 



74,117 



2,125 

4,671 

7,520 

786 

801 

897 

395 

56,922 

1,040 

9,253 



39 
140 
709 
717 
7,648 



20, 248 
6,826 
13,422 



4,966 



4,338 
94,123 



76,866 
72,889 
3,977 
6,068 
2,126 
17 
1,227 



9,063 

151 

709 

8,203 



97,622 



28,473 



225 

72 

282 

140 

364 

3,165 

185 

77 

177 

402 

474 

1,074 

85 

1,164 

61 

169 

20,357 



29,001 



2,084 

2,402 

2,591 

333 

297 

365 

222 

20,707 

435 



128 

238 

1,300 



1.11 
.56 



.04 
.55 
.65 
.70 



.19 
.10 
.30 



See footnotes at end of table. 



50 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



TABLE 24A.- -Synthetic organic cbe 



seals: United States production , 
Continued 



ndsales of surface-a 



agents, ' 19S7-- 



Quantity 



Unit 
value^ 



SURJACE-ACTIVE JSGENTS, ACyCLIC—Continued 

Sulfated and sulfonated acyclic surface-active agents, total— 

Acids, alcohols, and esters, sulfated and sulfonated, total- 

Oleic acid, sulfonated 

Dodecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, triethanolamine salt 

Isopropyl sulfo-oleate 

n-Propyl sulfo-oleate 

All other 

Nitrogen-containing surface-active agents, siilfated and 

sulfonated, total 

Coconut oil amide of monoethanolamine, sulfated, 

potaBsiuQ salt 

Coconut oil amide of monoethanolamine, sulfated, sodium 
salt 

All other 

Oils, fats, and waxes, sulfated and sulfonated, total 

.Animal fats and oU.s, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Lard oil, sulfonated 

Keat's-foot oil, sulfonated 

Tallow, sulfonated 

Fifeh and marine-animal oils, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Cod oil, sulfonated 

Speim oil, sulfonated 

Tall oil, sulfonated 

Vegetable oils, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Castor oil, sulfonated ■ 

Coconut oil, sulfonated 

Mustard-seed oil, sulfonated 

Peanut oil, sxjlfonated 

Rice-bran oil, sulfonated 

Soybean oil, sulfonated 

All other oils, fats, ^d waxes, sulfated and sulfonated'- 



207,398 



163,292 

2,9« 

10,871 

3,831 

718 

1,225 

U3,705 

4,844 

92 

202 
4,550 
39,262 

844 
1,349 
8,362 

3,553 

7,104 

466 

7,499 
885 
215 

1,909 
688 
292 

6,096 



153)803 

1,903 

3,780 

714 

1,054 

146,352 

5,240 



201 
4,950 
30,441 

790 
1,193 
6,635 

3,492 

4,197 

347 

5,063 
648 
87 

1,841 
224 
291 

5,633 



1,000 
dollars 

38,042 



30,859 
746 

1,260 

314 

260 

28,279 

1,717 

44 

181 
1,492 
5,466 

140 
229 
967 

394 
482 



1,188 
110 



pound 

$0.20 



.20 
.39 

.33 
.44 

,25 



451 
55 



1,245 



^ Data are given in tenns of bulk surface-active agents; that is, in terms of 100-percent content of 
surfaoe-aftive agents, exclusive of all inorganic salts,, water, or other ingredients. 
^ Calculated on rounded figures. 
^ Includes polyhydric alcohol and phenyl ethers and esters. 

* Includes quaternary ammonium compounds. 

* Includes sulfated and sulfonated phenyl ethers and substituted biphenyls. 

* Oil-soluble-type petroleum sulfonates used chiefly as lubrioating-oil additives were transferred to 
miscellaneous cyclic chemicals in 1956. 

'' Includes certain laurio, oleic, and stearic acid esters reported as plasticizers prior to 1953. 

' Includes amine spits of fatty acids, esters of hydroxy amines, fatty acid amines, quaternary ammonium 
compounds, salts of nitrilo acids, and fatty acid derivatives of guanidine, glycine, polypeptides, and 
others . 

' Includes sodium salt of aliphatic petroleum sulfonate, sulfonated synthetic Japan wax, sulfonated wool 
grease, and other sulfonated animal, fish, and vegetable oils. 

Pesticides and Other Organic Agricultural Chemicals 

Pesticides (fungicides, herbicides, insecticides, and rodenti- 
cides) and other organic agricultural chemicals such as fumigants, 
plant hormones, seed disinfectants, and soil conditioners are 
covered in this section of the report. As in other sections of the re- 
port, the data (except where otherwise indicated) are given in terms 
of 100-percent active material; they thus exclude such materials as 
diluents, emulsifiers, synergists, and wetting agents. Statistics 
on production and sales of pesticides and other organic agricultural 
chemicals in 1957 are given in table 25A." 

In 1957, production of all pesticides and other organic agricul- 
tural chemicals amounted to 512 million pounds, or 10.2 percent 



usee also table 25B, part III, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manu- 
facturers. 



PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS 5 1 



TABLE 2Sk. -Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of pesticides and other organic 

agricultural chemicals , 1957 

[Listed telow are all pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals for which any reported data on 
production or sales may he published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence 
and may not be published or where no data were reported.) Table 25B in part III lists all pesticides and 
other organic agricultural chemicals for which data on production or sales were reported and Identifies 
the manufacturer of each] 



Grand total 

PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC ACKICULTUHAL CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 
Total - — 

Fungicides and seed disinfectants, total 

Mercury fungicides 

Naphthenic acid, copper salt 

Pentachlorophenol •» 

2,A,5-Trichlorophenol 

All other 

Herbicides and plant hormones, total 

1-Naphthaleneacetie acid 

1-Naphthaleneaoetic acid, methyl ester 

Phenoxyacetic acid, salts, and derivatives, total 

(2, 4-Dichlorophenoxy) acetic acid (2,<V-D) 

( 2, A-Dichlorophenoxy) acetic acid, dimethylamine salt 

(2,4-Dichlorophenoxy)aoetic acid esters, total 

Butoxyethoxypropyl 2,4-diohloropheno3qyaoetate 

n-Butyl 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate 

l3o-octyl 2,4-diohlorophenoxyacetate 

Isopropyl 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate 

All other 

(2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxy)acetio acid (2,4, 5-T) 

(2,4, 5-Trichlorophenoxy) acetic acid esters, total 

n-Butyl 2,4,5-trlchlorophenoxyacetate 

Iso-octyl 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyaoetate 

All other 2,4, 5-T esters 

All other phenoxyacetic acid salts and derivatives 

Phenylmercury acetate (PMA) 

All other 

Insecticides and rodentioides, total 

Chlorinated insecticides, total 

Hexachlorocyclohexane (Benzene hexachloride ) and lindane^- 

l,l,l-Trichloro-2,2-bls(p-chlorophenyl)ethane (DDT) 

All other 

0,0-Dimethyl 0-(p-nitrophenyl)phosphorothloate 

(Methyl parathion) 

Parathion (0,0-Diethyl O-(p-nitrophenyl)pliosphorothioate) 

All other : 

PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL CHEMICAI£, ACYCLIC 

Total 

Fumlgants, fungicides, and seed disinfectants, total 

Bromomethane (Methyl bromide) 

Dlmethyldlthlooarbamio acid, zinc salt (Ziram) 

Ethylene bis(dithlooarbamic acid), disodium salt (Nabam) 

All other 

Herbicides, insecticides, rodentioides, and soil conditioners, 

total ■' 

Ethyl pyrophosphate (Tetraethylpyrophosphate) (TEPP)' 

Methanearsonic acid, disodium salt 

All other 



Production 



oounds 

511,552 



407,450 



62,332 



540 
2,130 

28,346 
5,481 

25,885 

81,438 



10 

73,900 

34,251 

3,182 

24,137 

392 

5,296 

2,192 

6,856 

9,401 

5,334 

6,831 

126 

1,294 

5,411 

165 

570 

6,941 

263,630 



253,743 
39,559 

124, 545 
89,639 

1,925 
5,962 
2,000 



104,102 



73,337 



9,653 
1,277 
4,961 
57,446 



30,765 



Quantity Value yaXMR^ 



618 
30,147 



1,000 
pounds 

433,156 



339,556 



50,076 



5§0" 
2,064 

22,663 
1,935 

22,834 

42,640 



13 

10 

35,458 

15,147 

2,8U 

12,897 

511 

4,685 

1,082 

2,943 

3,676 

2,948 
151 
796 

2,001 

1,655 
594 

6,565 

246,840 



237,017 
41,316 

120,335 
75,366 



6,002 
3,821 



93,600 



64,052 



5,684 

1,170 

4,764 

48,434 



29,548 
3Tr 



1,000 
dollars 

178,039 



132,330 



606 
28,623 



16,510 



2,461 
646 
4,198 
1,383 
7,822 

31,910 

30 

16,495 

5,419 

1,110 

5,416 

189 
2,229 

455 
1,010 
1,533 

3,061 
188 
892 
1,981 
1,489 
3,235 
12,102 

83,910 



72,568 

5,623 

24,687 

42,258 



6,737 
4,605 



45,709 



24,056 



4,143 

732 

2,522 

16,659 



21,653 
225- 



340 
21,084 



■'■ Calculated on rounded figures. 

^ Production of the gamma isomer content in benzene hexachloride and lindane totaled 7.3 million pounds; 
sales amounted to 7.5 million pounds. 

3 TEPP is 40 percent ethyl pyrophosphate. 



less than the 570 million pounds reported for 1956. Sales announted 
to 433 milUon pounds, valued at 178 million dollars, in 1957, com- 
pared with 399 million pounds, valued at 173 million dollars; in 
1956. 



I 



52 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 

The output of cyclic pesticides and other cyclic chemicals in 
this group totaled 407 million pounds in 1957, or 14.0 percent less 
than the 474 million pounds produced in 1956. Sales were 340 mil- 
lion pounds, valued at 132 million dollars, in 1957, compared with 
343 million pounds, valued at 135 million dollars, in 1956. 

Production of cyclic insecticides and rodenticides in 1957 was 
264 million pounds, or 51.5 percent of the total output of all or- 
ganic pesticides and 64. 7 percent of the total output of cyclic pes- 
ticides. Sales in 1957 totaled 247 million pounds, valued at84mLil- 
lion dollars. The chemical in this subgroup that was produced in 
the greatest quantity in 1957 was the insecticide DDT, production 
of which amounted to 125 million pounds. 

The output of acyclic pesticides and other acyclic organic agri- 
cultural chemicals in 1957 amounted to 104 million pounds, or 8. 5 
percent more than the 96 million pounds produced in 1956. Sales 
were 94 million pounds, valued at 46 million dollars, in 1957, 
conapared with 57 million pounds, valued at 38 million dollars, in 

1956. The increase in sales of acyclic pesticides in 1957 more 
than offset the decrease in sales of cyclic pesticides. 

Miscellaneous Synthetic Organic Chemicals 

As used in this report, the term "naiscellaneous synthetic or- 
ganic chemicals" refers to such products as halogenated hydro- 
carbons, paint driers, photographic chemicals, solvents, and 
tanning materials that are not included in the use groups covered 
in the other sections of the report. Production of these miscel- 
laneous chemicals as a group totaled 26, 944 million pounds in 1957, 
representing an increase of 6.8 percent over the 25,233 million 
pounds produced in 1956. Sales totaled 10, 878 million pounds, 
valued at 1,656 million dollars, in 1957, compared with 10, 355 
million pounds, valued at 1,570 million dollars, in 1956. Statistics 
on production and sales of miscellaneous chemicals in 1957 are 
given in table 26A. *^ 

The output of cyclic miscellaneous chemicals as a group totaled 
752 million pounds in 1957, showing an increase of 11.1 percent 
over the 677 nnillion pounds reported for 1956. Sales totaled 457 
million pounds, valued at 133 miilKon dollars, in 1957, compared 
with 414 million pounds, valued at 130 million dollars, in 1956. On 
the basis of use, the most important group was the lubricating oil 
additives, production of which amounted to 400 million pounds in 

1957, compared with 348 million pounds in 1956. 

In 1957 the output of acyclic nniscellaneous chemicals as a group 
totaled 26, 192 million pounds, an increase of 6. 7 percent from the 
24, 556 million pounds reported for 1956. This miscellaneous group 
includes chemicals used as acyclic intermediates, solvents, flota- 
tion reagents, aerosol propellents, refrigerants, and for other pur- 
poses. Sales of acyclic miscellaneous chemicals totaled 10,422 
million pounds, valued at 1, 523 million dollars, in 1957, compared 
with 9, 942 million pounds, valued at 1, 440 million dollars, in 1956. 



12 See also table 26B, part III, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manu- 
facturers. 

13 The large difference between production and sales indicates that a substantial part of the output 
of acyclic miscellaneous chemicals is consumed at the producing plants in the manufacture of more 
advanced products. Acyclic miscellaneous chemicals so used are, therefore, acyclic intermediates. 
Although acyclic intermediates correspond in function to cyclic intermediates, the chemical industry 
does not commonly recognize any special group of acyclic miscellaneous chemicals as intermediates. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



53 



TABLE 26A.- -Synthetic organic chemical 



l: United States production and 
chemicals, 19S7 



[Listed below are all miscellaneous chemicals for which any reported data on production or sales may be pub- 
lished. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or 
where no data were reported.) Table 26B in part III lists alphabetically all miscellaneous chemicals for 
which data on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Grand total 

MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 

Total 

Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown 

Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below 

Benzoic acid salts: Sodium benzoate, tech. and U.S.P 

Chemical reagents 

Cyclopropane 

2,6-Di-tert-butyl-p-cresol, total 

Food grade 

Tech 

p-Dimethoxybenzene (Dimethyl ether of hydroquinone) 

Flotation reagents, total 

Thiocarbanilide (Di phenyl thiourea) 

All other 

Hexamethylenetetramine , tech 

Lubricating oil additives, total 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, barium salt 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, calcium salt 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt 

All other 

Naphthenic acid salts, total^ ^ — 

Cadmium naphthenate 

Calcium naphthenate 

Cobalt naphthenate 

Iron naphthenate 

Lead naphthenate 

Manganese naphthenate 

Zinc naphthenate 

All other 

Photographic chemicals, total 

Benzotriazole 

p-Diazo-N,N-diethylaniline, zinc chloride salt 

All other 

n- Propyl gallate 

Rosin acid salts, total^ 

Lead resinate 

Zinc resinate 

All other 

Tall oil salts (Linoleio-rosin acid salts), total^ 

Calcium tallate 

Cobalt tallate 

Lead tallate 

Manganese tallate 

All other . 

Tanning materials, synthetic, total 

Z-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate, and salt 
All other 

Textile chemicals, other than surface-active agents 

MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICAI£, ACYCLIC 

Total 

Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown 

Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Production 



26,943,569 



1,000 
pounds 

10,877,578 



235,025 
516,721 



4,286 
29 

157 

13,603 



3, 
9,943 



406 
4,910 

22,859 

400,333 



103,595 

114,471 

99,353 

82,914 

21,038 



29 
1,593 
3,779 
127 
12,036 
2,152 
1,015 
307 

4,721 



100 
4,605 



160 
1,207 



4,957 



130 

2,240 

1,865 

502 

220 

36,183 



25,602 

10,581 



1,841 



26,191,823 



7,475,021 
18,716,802 



455,680 



122,741 
332,939 



4,584 
25 
126 

11,276 



2,908 
8,368 



3,703 



3,703 
13,722 



235,841 



80,055 
75,707 
80,079 

17,992 



27 

1,244 

3,178 

114 

10,483 

1,752 

911 

283 

4,587 



13 
83 
4,491 



847 
4,941 



130 

2,196 

1,899 

494 

-222 

33,428 



23,413 

10,015 



1,785 



10,421,898 



2,072,013 
8,349,885 



1,000 
dollars 

1,656,049 



133,424 



56,695 
76,729 



1,665 

154 

2,156 

10,254 



2,845 
7,409 



1,223 



1,223 

2,736 

35,343 



9,129 
8,809 
17,405 



6,368 



18 
516 
2,174 
41 
2,530 
635 
344 
110 

6,043 



100 

196 

5,747 



218 
1,792 



42 

1,067 

488 

140 
55 

6,121 



3,909 
2,212 



2,520 



1,522,625 



640,302 
882,323 



Unit 
value ■^ 



54 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



TABLE 26A. --Synt/iefi 



United States production and sale 
1957 --Continued 



silaneous chem 



hnSCELLANEOUS CHE^D;CALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

Aoetaldehyde 

Acetic acid, synthetic, 1005^'' 

Acetic acid salts, total 

Aluminum acetate 

Ammonium acetate 

Lead subacetate 

Nickel acetate 

Potassium acetate 

All other 

Acetic anhydride, 1005t, from all sources 

Acetone, total 

From isopropyl alcohol 

All other 

Aorylonltrile 

Adipic acid 

Amines, total 

n-Butylamine 

Dimethylamine 

Ethylenedi amine 

Methylamine, mono 

Octylamlne 

Trimethylamlne 

All other 

n-Amyl acetate, 90^ 

Bis(2-chloroethyl) ether (Dichloroethyl ether) 

Butyl acetates, 90^6, total 

Primary, normal 

All other 

Butyl alcohols, IOO5J, total 

Primary, normal 

All other 

Carton disulfide 

Cellulose esters and ethers, total 

Cellulose acetate 

Sodium oarboxymethylcellulose, 100^ 

All other 

Chloral (Trichloroacetaldehyde) 

Chloroacetic acid, mono 

2-Chloro-N,N-dimethylethylamine (Dimethylaminoethyl 
chloride) hydrochloride 

Citric acid salts, total 

Potassium citrate 

All other 

Diethylene glycol 

Diethyl malonate (Malonic ester) 

2-Dimethylaminoethanol 

Ethanolamines , total 

Monoethanolamine (2-AminDethanol) 

Diethanolamine (2,2'-Aminodiethanol) 

Triethanolamine (2,2' ,2"-Nitrilotriethanol) 

Ethyl acetate, 85^ 

Ethyl alcohol, synthetic' 

a-Ethylcaproic (2-Ethyl-l-hexoic) acid salts, total- 
Cobalt a-ethylcaproate 

Lead o-ethylcaproate . 

Manganese a-ethylcaproate 

Zinc a-ethylcaproate 

All other 



524,<;25 

16,515 



323 

547 



992 

14,653 



912,392 

650,783 



553,179 
97,604 



173,693 



273,717 



23,141 
2,043 



5,524 
242,443 



845 
11,081 



72,231 



53,259 
18,972 



210,557 
276,515 



527,812 
667,426 



38,467 
104,286 



15,229 



451,465 
32,906 
183,055 

32,278 
47,163 



6,953 



416 
6,537 



756 
782 



93,705 



32,302 
37,521 
23,882 

91,693 
1,350,677 

2,043 



485 
150 



94 
1,285 



244 
521 
65 
113 
953 
13,333 



329,446 



240,149 
89,297 



142,798 
25,463 



65,240 



324 
7,531 

1,822 
60 

55,503 

906 
7,761 

80,074 



60,842 
19,232 



193,702 



149,405 
44,297 



475,667 
200,100 



1.000 
dollars 
3,001 
8,103 

3,198 



126 
205 
37 
85 
276 
2,469 



23,706 



17,752 
5,954 



36,482 
7,719 



169 
2,077 



23,803 



170 
277 



10,118 



8,227 
1,891 



32,709 
167,391 



79,012 
364 



26,564 
25,978 
22,070 

81,787 
662,447 

1,635 



399 

142 

21 

70 

1,003 



19,989 
4,405 



23,984 
80,508 



15,010 
65,498 



10,603 
258 



17,507 



6,470 
6,157 
4,880 

9,044 
35,346 



341 
60 



See footnotes at end of table. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

TABLE 7f.\--Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of miscellaneous cbem 

J957- -Continued 



55 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 



Ethylene glycol 

Ethylene oxide 

Ethj'l ether, all grades 

Ethyl formate 

Ethyl silicate (Tetraethoxysilane) 

Fats and oils, chemically modified 

Fatty acid esters, not included with plasticizers or surface- 
active agents 

Fatty and synthetic higher alcohols (Cio and higher), total-- 

Decyl alcohols 

1-Hexadeoanol (Cetyl alcohol) 

All other 



Flotation reagents 

Formaldehyde, 37i HCHO by weight- 
Formic acid, 905t 



Formic acid sEilts, total - 

Aluminum formate 

All other 



Halogenated hydrocarbons, total 

Carbon tetrachloride 

Chlorinated paraffins, total 

35^-64 5t chlorine 

All other 

Chloroethane (Ethyl chloride), all grades 

Chloroform, all grades 

Chloromethane (Methyl chloride) , all grades 

1,2-Dichloroethane (Ethylene dichloride) 

Dichloromethane (Methylene chloride), all grades- 

Tetrachloroethylene . (Perchloroethylene) 

Trichloroethylene 

Vinyl chloride (Chloroethylene) , monomer 

All other 



Iso-octyl alcohols 

Isopropyl alcohol (Isopropanol)^ 
Isopropyl ether 



Lactic acid, lOOji, total - 

Edible— 

hfedicinal and tech- 



Lactic acid salts 

Lauroyl chloride 

Linoleio acid salts, totals- 
Calcium linoleate 

Cobalt linoleate 

Lead linoleate 

Manganese linoleate 

All other 



Lubricating oil additives, total- 
Dithiophosphates 

Sulfurized sperm oil 

All other 



Methanol, synthetic' 

Methyl acetate 

Methyl borate 

1- and 2-Octanol 

2-Octanone (Hexyl methyl ketone) 



Oleic acid salts, total" 

Aluminum oleate 

Copper oleate 

All other 



Production 



Oxalic acid 

Oxalic acid salts 

Palmitic acid salts: Zinc pnlmitate 

Pentaerythritol 

Pentaerythritol tetranitrate 

Phosgene (Carbonyl chloride) 

Phosphorus acid esters, not included under specific use groups 



1,000 

pounds 

1,199,926 

1,236,^2 

80,395 

151 

A, 351 

AA3 

5,128 



27,782 

1,116 

W9,097 

20,835 

1,350,570 

15,068 



646 

22,603 



4,186,716 



317,839 

46,619 

22,474 

24,145 

604,410 

57,403 

46,756 

799,576 

94,175 

196,599 

337,659 

627,076 

1,058,604 

37,793 

1,190,746 

9,298 



1,000 
pounds 

545,066 

135,371 

59,548 

131 

4,675 

246 

6,278 

44,521 



19,285 

851 

24,385 

19,953 
645,993 
13,908 

16,114 



16,114 
1,869,776 



3,535 
1,412 



729 
2,280 



1,014 



220 
196 
26 
269 

303 

115,840 



46,497 
6,080 
63,263 

1,520,706 

8,219 

294 

8,080 

1,028 



19,693 

4,560 

438 

56,541 
4,818 
5,278 
5,132 



265,936 
37,628 
15,664 
21,964 
226,481 
43,542 
30,125 
92,514 
85,994 
168,627 
292,171 
179,756 
447,002 

21,078 
377,728 



1,000 
dollars 

63,419 

19,211 

5,074 

38 

1,937 

104 

1,856 



3,813 

268 

6,578 

5,196 

21,690 

2,073 



1,043 
244,478 



3,377 
1,227 



208 
174 
32 



7,594 
634 



19,200 
4,418 



47,979 
2,720' 



4,359 



20,608 

5,489 

1,932 

3,557 

16,610 

4,838 

3,714 

5,156 

9,630 

18,199 

33,614 

19,561 

107,059 

4,213 
20,465 



1,310 
366 



1,481 
132 



Unit 
value ^ 



3,290 
1,075 



14,936 
2,076 



2,405 



See footnotes at end of table. 



491001 O -58 -5 



56 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



TABLE 26A. "-Synthetic organic chemicals: United States production and sales of miscellaneous chemicals 

W57- -Continued 



Production 



Quantity Value 



Unit 
value -^ 



MISCKLLANEOUS CHBGCALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Polyacrylio acid salts 

Polyethylene glycol 

Propionic acid 

Propionic acid salts: 

Calcium propionate 

Sodiiim propionate 

Propylene glycol (1,2-Propanediol) 

Sequestering agents, total 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, monosodium iron salt- 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, tetrasodium salt 

All other 

Sodium formaldehydesulfoxylate 

Sodium methoxide (Sodium methylate) 

Stearic acid salts, total' 

Aluminum stearates, total 

Aluminum distearate 

All other 

Calcium stearate 

Lead stearate 

Lithium stearate 

Magnesiimi stearate 

Zinc stearate 

All other ■ 

Thioglycolic acid derivatives, total 

Ammonium thioglycolate 

All other 

Triethylene glycol 

Urea in compounds or mixtiares, 100^ basis, total-"-" 

In feed compounds 

In liquid fertilizer 

In solid fertilizer 

All other 

Vinyl acetate, monomer ■ 

Zinc fonnaldehydesulfoxylate 



1,758 
25,042 
18,492 

6,925 
4,62-4 
98,405 



165' 
3,799 
3,285 

11,591 
3,183 

23,405 



1,678 

21,312 

5,885 

6,734 
4,358 



6,262 



6,253 

4,396 

1,857 

5,620 

541 

W6 

920 

7,220 

2,705 

2,280 



265 
3,142 
2,855 

10,430 



22,677 



1.000 
dollars 
1,660 
5,458 
1,062 

1,932 

1,310 



3,332 



pound 



3.99 
.26 
.18 

.29 

.30 



212 
1,795 
1,325 

2,393 



8,947 



6,327 

4,477 

1,850 

5,114 

418 

141 

905 

6,919 

2,853 

2,075 



2,347 
1,625 

722 
1,911 

14S 
83 

380 
2,756 
1,322 

2,491 



.53 

.57 
.46 



.39 
.37 
.36 



.37 
.35 
.59 
.42 
.40 



1,567 
713 



25,124 
960,369 



136,396 
232,548 
351,607 
239,818 

171,469 
1,234 



1,365 
710 



18,069 
896,462 



130,113 
200,648 
351,433 
214,268 

91,583 
1,127 



1,670 
821 



3,288 
43,379 



6,160 
10,537 
16,479 
10,203 

14,604 
484 



.05 
.05 
.05 
.05 
.05 



^ Calculated on rounded figures. 

^ Quantities are given on the basis of solid naphthenate, resinate, tallate, or linoleate content. 

^ Statistics exclude production and sales of copper naphthenate. Statistics on copper naphthenate are 
given in the section "Pesticides and Other Organic Agricultural Chemicals . " 

* In addition, production of natural acetic acid totsiled 19,818 thousand pounds. 

' Statistics on production of ethyl alcohol from natural sources by fermentation are issued by the Alcohol 
Tax Unit, U. S. Internal Revenue Service. 

' Data that were reported on the basis of 91 percent isopropyl alcohol have been converted to a 100-per- 
cent basis. 

' In addition, production of methanol from natural sources totaled 12,988 thousand pounds. 

^ Statistics exclude production and sales of potassium oleate. Statis-tios on potassium oleate are given in 
the section "Surface-Active Agents." 

' Statistics exclude production and sales of potassium and sodium stearate. Statistics on these stearates 
are given in the section "Surface -Active Agents." 
^° Production of urea in primary solution totaled 972,918 thousand pounds. 

Production of halogenated hydrocarbons (a group consisting of 
chlorine, bromine, fluorine, and iodine derivatives of hydrocarbons) 
totaled 4,187 million pounds in 1957, compared with 3, 953 million 
pounds in 1956. This subgroup includes such chemicals as ethyl 
chloride, ethylene dichloride, and monomeric vinyl chloride. 

Individual chemicals whose output exceeded 1 billion pounds in 
1957 were synthetic methanol (1.5 billion pounds, compared with 
1.6 billion pounds in 1956); formaldehyde (37%) (1.4 billion pounds, 
or about the same as in 1956); ethyl alcohol (1.4 billion pounds, 
connpared with 1. 3 billion pounds in 1956); ethylene oxide (1.2 bil- 
lion pounds, compared with 1. billion pounds in 1956); isopropyl 
alcohol (1.2 billion pounds, compared with 1. 1 billion pounds in 
1956); and ethylene glycol (1.2 billion pounds, compared with 1.0 
billion pounds in 1956). 



'•■). ■:' 



;/ - '■ ''y. V".. !; ' ; . .' ' * * '*'■;'. ,-■', ' 




PART m. ALPHABETICAL LIST OF INDIVIDUAL PRODUCTS, 
BY GROUPS, AND NAMES OF MANUFACTURERS 

This section of the report consists of (1) a series of tables that 
supplement the statistical information given in parts I and II, and 
(2) a Directory of Manufacturers. The tables with numbers that in- 
clude the letter "B" supplement the tables in part I or part II with 
numbers that include the letter "A"; for example, table 8B in part 
III supplements table 8A in part II. 

Each table in part III lists alphabetically the individual items in 
each group for which data on production or sales were reported for 
1957. Where an asterisk (*) precedes the name of an item in the 
tables in part III, separate statistics for the item are given in the 
tables in part I or part II, The manufacturers of each product are 
indicated by identification numbers, which are listed in the Direc- 
tory of Manufacturers (table 27). A few companies, however, have 
specifically requested the Tariff Commission to withhold such in- 
formation on certain items. These manufacturers are indicated by 
the letter "X" in the tables. 

Tar Crudes 



TABLE 4B.- -Or gani 



cbemicais: Tar crudes for which United States product i 
by manufacturer , 1957 



-sales were reported , identified 



ITar crudes for which separate statistics are given in table <tA are marked below with an asterisk (»); 
products not so marked do not appear in table 4-A because the reported data are accepted in confidence and 
may not be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from table 27. An X 
signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number with the 
designated product. Table 27 identifies all United States producers of tar crudes (except producers who 
report to the Division of Bituminous Coal, U. S. Bureau of Mines)] 



Product 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27)''' 



«Crude light oil 

Light-oil distillates: 
«Benzene, specification and industrial grades: 

1° 

2° 

90^ 

All other 

♦Toluene: 

Nitration grade, 1° 

Pure commercial grade, 2° 

*Xylene : 

3° 

Commercial 

■sfSolvent naphtha 

*A11 other light-oil distillates 

Pyridine : 

♦Crude bases 

Semirefined or denatviring grade 

♦Naphthalene, crude, solidifying at — 

Less than 74° C 

7<i° C. to less than 76° C 

76° C. to less than 79° C 

♦Crude tar-acid oils having a tar-aoid content of- 

556 to less than 2A$ 

245t to 505t- 

♦Cresylic acid, crude 

♦Creosote oil (Dead oil): 

♦Distillate as such 

♦Creosote in coal-tar solution 

♦All other distillate products 

♦Tar, road 

See footnote at end of table. 



13, 258. 



567, 611. 

611. 

611. 

381, 387, 543, 611, 635. 

381, 567, 611. 
387, 543, 611, 635. 

387, 567. 

381, 543, 567, 611, 635. 

93, 285, 543, 544, 545, 555, 567, 611, 635. 

93, 285, 387, 611. 

142, 555, 611. 
555, 611. 

93, 165, 568. 

93, 285, 340, 521, 544, 545, 555. 

258, 340, 521, 543, 544, 555, 567, 611. 

100, 340, 544, 567, 611. 
285, 544, 545, 555, 611. 
521, 544, 545, 555, 611. 

13, 100, 142, 165, 258, 340, 544, 545, 555, 

567, 568, 611, 630, 645, X. 
258, 340, 544, 555, 611., 
93, 100, 285, 543, 555, 611, 630. 
100, 338, 340, 543, 544, 545, 555, 611, 630, 

645. 



57 



58 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



TABLE 4B,- -Or gani 



chemicals: Tar crudes for which United States production or sales 
by manufacturer , i957- -Continued 



repor ted , iden t i fi ed 



Product 


Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27)^ 


*Tar for other uses: 


340 544. 545 555 






Pitch of tar: 


545, 611. 

13, 142, 165, 258, 340, 544, 545, 555, 568, 
611, 630, 645, X. 

5AA, 545, 555, 568, 611. 


"Medium (water softening point 110° F. to 160° F.)- 

»Hard: Water softening point — 




»Pitoh of tar coke and pitch emulsion 


340, 544, 545, 555, 645. 



^ Does not include manufacturers ' identification numbers for producers who report to the Division of 
Bituminous Coal, U. S. Bureau of Mines. These producers are listed in the U. S. Bureau of Mines Information 
Circular No. 7816, Directory of Oven-Coke Plants in the United States, Decenber 31, i95S. 

Crude Products From Petroleum and Natural Gas 
for Chemical Conversion 



TABLE SB. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Crude products from petroleum and natural gas lor chemical con- 
version for which United States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 19S7 

[Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which separate statistics are 
given in table 5A are marked below with an asterisk (»); products not so marked do not appear in table 
5A because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' iden- 
tification numbers shown below are taken from table 27. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not 
consent to the publication of his identification number with the designated product] 



Product 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



ARCMATICS AND NAPHTHENES 

*Alkyl aromatics, distillates, and solvents- 

»Benzene (1° and 2°) : 

»Benzene, 1° 

*Benzene, 2° 

»Cresylic acid, crude 

Cyclopentadiene 

»Naphthenic acids : 

Acid number less than 150 

Acid number 150-199 

Acid number 200-224 

»Acid number 225-249 

Acid number 250 and over 

Potassium oresylate— ^ 

Sodium carbolate and phenate, crude 

Sodium cresylate 

»Toluene : 

♦Nitration grade, 1° 

*Pare commercial grade, 2° 

Solvent grade 

All other 

»)fylenes , mixed : 

♦Aviation grade 

Nitration grades, 3° and 5° 

All other 

tux other aromatics and naphthenes 

ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS 

*Ci hydrocarbon: Msthane 

♦Cj hydrocarbons : 

Acetylene 

♦Ethane 

♦Ethylene 

♦C3 hydrocarbons : 

♦Propane 

♦Propane-propylene mixture 

♦Propylene 



155, 194, 205, 236, 242, 264, 362, 393, 
442, 499, 537, 570, X. 

154, 194, 219, '247, 330, 468, 532, 590. 
205, 236, 247, 312, 442, 487, 506, 525, 565, 

566. 
312, 322, 454, 509, 521, 565, 619. 
590. 

354, 532. 

264, 379, 525, 532. 

379, 525. 

155, 264, 312, 325, 379, 525. 
264. 

619. 

155, 454. 
619. 

154, 194, 247, 312, 330, 468, 532, 615. 
198, 236, 312, 362, 469, 470, 506, 509, 532, 

590. 
565, 566. 
247, 487, 525. 

154, 194, 506, 509, 525. 

532, 615. 

154, 205, 242, 247, 312, 330, 362, 468, 525, 

532, 565. 
264, 442, 470, 499, 537, 590. 



140, 286, 294, 499, 565, 566. 

198, 567. 

140, 264, 286, 294, 354, 442, 499, 565, 566. 

140, 155, 198, 236, 294, 325, 354, 387, 442, 

493, 499, 537, 558, 565, 566, 590, X. 

140, 194, 205, 214, 264, 286, 294, 312, 330, 
468, 499, 509, 512, 565, 566, 570, 604, 615. 

155, 354, 499, X. 

198, 226, 236, 294, 312, 322, 422, 442, 499, 
558, 565, 566, 590, 615, 619, X. 



CRUDE PRODUCTS FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS 



59 



TABLE SB. ^-Synthetic or/ianic chemicals: Crude products from petroleum and natural /ias for chemical conve 
sion for which United States product ion or sales were repor ted, ident i f ied by manufacturer , 1957- -ContinueH 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS— Continued 

*C4 hydrocarbons : 

»1,3-Butadiene, grade for rubbers (elastomers )- 

^Butadiene and butylene fractions 

»n-Butane 

1-Butene 

2-Butene 

»1-Butene and 2-butene mixture 

n-Butylene 

*Isobutane 

»Isobutylene 

All other 

»C5 hydrocarbons: 

Isopentane 

Isoprene 

n-Pentane 

1-Pentene, 2-pentene, and mixtures 

All other 

Ce hydrocarbons : 

Di-lsopropyl (2,3-Dimethylbutane) 

Hexane 

Isohexane 

Neohexane 

All other 

C7 hydrocarbons : 

n-Heptane 

Heptenes, mixed 

Isoheptane and isoheptene 

All other 

Cg hydrocarbons: 

*Di-isobutylene 

n-Octane 

All other 

Hydrocarbons, C9 and above: 

»l-Dodecene (Tetrapropylene ) 

Eioosane 

»Nonene ( Tripropylene ) 

Pentadecene 

Polybutadiene 

Polybutene 

Triisobutylene 

All other 

*Hydrocarbon derivatives : 

tert-Amyl mercaptan 

tert-Butyl mercaptan 

Di-tert-butyl disulfide 

Ethyl mercaptan 

Isopropyl mercaptan 

Methyl mercaptan 

tert-Octyl mercaptan 

tert-Octyl polysulfide 

All other 



111, 112, 154, 167, 173, 2U, 226, 236, 320, 
362, 367, 400, 442, 499, 525, 566, 590. 

154, 198, 236, 422, 499, 525, 537, 615. 

140, 154, 194, 214, 226, 264, 286, 312, 468, 
499, 509, 512, 525, 565, 566, 570, 604. 

154, 499. 
499. 

155, 167, 205, 214, 294, 312, 354, 442, 509, 
525. 

362. 

140, 154, 214, 286, 294, 312, 499, 565, 566, 

570. 
154, 214, 294, 325, 442, 615. 
140, 499, 565. 



194, 
442. 
499, 
354, 

140, 

499. 
247, 
499. 
499. 
499. 

247, 
155, 
499. 
442, 

214, 
362, 
499. 

205, 
454. 
155, 
506. 
499. 
194, 
454. 
101, 

499. 
499. 
499. 
525. 
525. 
205, 
499. 
633. 
322, 



294, 499, 565, 566. 

512. 

499, 633. 

214, 499. 



362, 499. 



362, 499, 558. 
512. 



354, 454, 590. 
499. 



242, 330, 362, 442, 506, 525, 532, 615. 

205, 354, 362, 442, 454, 532, 537. 

525, 565. 

155, 499, 506, 509, 525, 558. 



499, 525. 



60 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 
Cyclic Intermediates 



TABLE 7B. -Syntheti 



organic cbemscais: Cyclic intermediates for which United States production or 
sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1957 



[Cyclic intermediates for which separate statistics are given in table 7A are marked below with an asterisk 
(«); cyclic intermediates not so marked do not appear in table 7A because the reported date are accepted 
in confidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from 
table 27. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification 
numbe • with the designated product. (Part C in the appendix lists alphabetically all the important com- 
mon names of cyclic intermediates usually encountered in the trade and gives the corresponding standard 
(Chemical Abstracts) name under which the manufacturers' identification numbers are given in this table)] 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



'i- Acetamido-2-amlnobenzenesulfonic acid 

5-Acetamldo-3-aminobenzenesulfonio acid 

5-Aoetamido-8-amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

8-Aoetamido-5-amlno-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

6(and 7)-(2-Acetamido-'i-aminophenylazo)-l- 
naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

2-Acetaiiiido-3-ohloroanthraquinone 

8-Acetamido-2-naphthalenesulforilc acid, magnesium 

salt. 
5-Acetamidosallcyllc acid 

»Acetanilide, tech. and U.S.P 

Acetoacetanllide 

o-Acetoaoetotoluidide 

Acetophenone, tech 

p-Acetotoluldide 

21-Acetoxy-'>-bromo-17-hydroxy-3,ll,20-triketo- 
pregnane . 

21-Acetoxy-17-hydroxy-3,ll,20-triketopregnane 

N-Aoetylanthranilic acid 

N-Acetylsulfanilic acid 

N-Acetylsulfanilyl chloride — — — _ — 

Acrldine yellow 

Alkylbenzene 

6- [p- (p-Amidobenzamido)benzamido] -l-naphthol-3- 

sulfonic acid. 
3' -Aminoaoetanilide ~ 

»<+' -Amlnoacetanilide (Acetyl-p-phenylenediamine) 

3' -Amino-p-acetotoluidide 

3-Amino-4— (p-aminoanilino )benzenesulfonic acid 

*5-Amino-2-(p-aminoanilino )benzenesulfonic acid 

l-Amino-4- ( 4-amlno-3 -sulf oanllino ) -2-anthra- 

quinonesulfonic acid. 
5-Amlno-2-('4-amlno-m-toluidino )ben2enesulf onic acid- 

*5-Ainino-2-anllinobenzenesulfonic acid— 

2-Amlno-'+-(4-anillno-6-ohloro-s-triazin-2- 
ylamlno )ben2enesulfonic acid. 

*2-(p-Aminoanilino )-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

4— (p-Aminoanilino )-3-nitrobenzenesulfonlc acid 

3-Amino-p-anisanlllde 

5-Amino-2-(o-anisldlno)benzenesulfonio acid 

»l-Arainoanthraquinone and salt 

»2-Aralnoanthraquinone and salt 

'i-Aminoanthraquinone-l(2H)-acridone 

l-Amino-2-anthraquinonecarboxyllc acid 

l-Amino-2-anthraquinonesulfonic acid 

N-(4— Amino-1-anthraquinonyl )anthranllic acid 

N-(8-Amlno-l-anthraquinonyl )anthranilic acid 

4-Aminoantipyrine 

*6-Amino-3,'4'-azodi(benzenesulfonic acid) 

8-Amlnobenz[a]acridin-7(12H)-one 

*l-Amino-4^-benzamidoanthraquinone 

»l-Amino-5-benzainidoanthraqulnone 

6-(m-Aminobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonlc acid 

*6-(p-Aminobenzamido )-l-naphthol-3-sulf onic acid 

2-Amlno-p-benzenedlsulfonic acid [S03H=l] 

o-Aminobenzenesulfonle acid 

o-Aminobenzene thiol 

5-Amino-2-benzimldazollnone 

m-Aminobenzoic acid 

p-Aminobenzoic acid, dlethylamlnoethyl ester 

p-Aminobenzolo acid, tech 

m-Aminobenzyl alcohol 

5-Amlno-8-bromo-l, 6-anthraquinonedisulf onic acid 

*l-Amino-4-bromo-2-anthraqulnonesulfonic acid 

2-Amino-l-bromo-3-chloroanthraquinone 

l-Amino-2-bromo-4-hydroxyanthraquinone 

l-Amino-4-bromo-2-methylanthraquinone 

l-Amino-2-bromo-4— (p-toluldino)anthraquinone 

»l-Amlno-5-chloroanthraquinone 

»l-Amlno-5(and 8 ) -chloroanthraquinone 

l-Amino-8-chloroanthraquinone 

2-Amino-l-chloroanthraquinone 

»2-Amino-3-chloroanthraquinone 



638. 
507. 
400. 
400. 
638. 

507, 559. 
400. 

516. 

198, 236, 500, 557. 

341, 566. 

341, 566. 

611. 

500, 567. 



X. 

400. 

428. 

567, 

267. 

454. 

400. 



638. 
267, 
507. 
428. 
207, 
638. 

507. 
267, 
638. 

267, 
428. 
372. 
638. 
122, 
267, 
507. 
400. 
507. 
507. 
400. 
404. 
267, 
267. 
400, 
267, 
267. 
267, 
267, 
567. 
567. 
400. 
638. 
404. 
267, 
400. 
638. 
267, 
559. 
400. 
400. 
507, 
267, 
267, 
267, 
400, 
428, 



400, 428, 507, 536, 557, 574, 638. 
267, 3U, 315, 400, 507, 638. 

400, 507, 638. 
313, 315, 460, 638. 



267, 400, 428, 507, 519, 559, 567, 638. 
400, 507, 567, 638. 



313, 315, 428, 507, 530, 638. 



507, 519, 567. 
400, 507, 559, 638. 



313, 315, 400, 507, 638. 
400, 507. 



400, 507. 
400, 428, 507. 



559. 

400, 519, 559, 567. 

400, 567. 

400. 

507. 

507, 559, 638. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



61 



TABLE 7B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States product i 
or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , I957--Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



\ 



2-Amino-6-chlorobenzothiazolo hydrochloride 

2-Amlno-5-ohlorobenzoxazole 

o-(3-Ainino-'i-chlorobenzoyl) benzoic acid 

2-Amlno-5-chloro-<i-ethylbenzenesulfonic acid 

l-Amino-5-chloro-'4-hydroxyanthraquinone 

2-Amino-'i-chloro-5-nitrophenol 

2-Amino-4-chloro-6-nitrophenol 

»2 -Amino-4-ohlorophenol 

»6-Amino-'i-chloro-l-phenol-2-sulfonic acid 

»2-Ainino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonie acid [S03H=1] — 
6-Ainino-'i-ohloro-iii-toluenesulfonio acid [SOsH^l] — 

l-Amino-2,'4-dibromoanthraquinone 

2-Amino-4,5-dlchlorobenzenesulfonia acid 

'4'-Amino-2' ,5'-diethoxybenzanilide 

5-Amino-2-(2,3-dihydro-2-oxobenzijiiidazol-5-ylajnino) 

benzenesulfonic acid, 

2-Amino-4,6-dimethylpyrimidlne 

3-Aiiiino-H,N-dimethyl-p-toluenesulfonamide 

2-Araino-3,5-dinitro-M-ethylbenzenesulfonamide 

i-Aminodiphenylamine 

2-Amino-l,3-diphenylpropane 

5-Aniino-fa-ethoxy-2-naphthalenesulfonio acid 

3-Ajiiino-9-ethylcarbazole, sodium hydrosulfate 

5(and 8)-Amino-8(and 5)-(p-hydroxyanilino)-2- 

naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

**l-Ajnino-4-hydroxyanthraquinone 

3- Ami no-2 -hydroxy an thraquinone-, 

2-Amino-'i-hydroxybenzenearsonic acid 

3-Amino-6-hydroxy-2-methylphenazine (Tolazine 

base) . 

l-Amino-4-hydroxy-2-phenoxyanthraquinone 

N-(3-Amino-4-hydroxyphenylsulfamoyl)anthranllic 

acid. 

5-Aminoisophthalic acid 

5-Aminoisophthalic acid, dimethyl ester 

2-Amino-N-isopropyl-l-phenol-4-sulfonamide 

l-Amino-4-methoxyanthraquinone 

N-[4-Amino-3-methoxy-l-anthraquinonyl]-p-toluene- 

sulf onamide . 

5-Mino-6-methoxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

m-(<i-Amino-3-methoxyphenylazo) benzenesulfonic acid- 
7- (4-Amino-5-methoxy-o-tolylazo) - 1,3 -naphthalene - 

disulfonic acid. 

4' -Amino-N-methylacetanilide 

l-Amino-2-me thy Ian thraquinone 

4'-Amino-6'-methyl-m-benzanisidide 

4-Amino-4'-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)- 

2,2' -stilbenedisulfonic acid. 
3-Amino-5-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolln-l-yl)- 

p-toluenesulfonic acid. 

8-Amino-7-methyl-2-phenazinol 

2-Amino-N-methyl-l-phenol-4-sulf onamide 

2-Amino-4-methylpyTimidine (2-Amino-'i-methyl- 

diazine) . 

2-Amino-5-methyl-l,3,'4-thiadiazole 

l-Aminonaphth[2,3-c]acridan-5,8,14-trione 

2-Amino-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonlo acid 

»3-Amino-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Cassella 

acid) . 

3-Mino-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

4-Amino-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonlc acid 

4-Amino-l,6-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

4-Amino-l,7-naphthalenedlsulfonic acid 

f6-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Amino I 

acid) . 
7-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Amino G 

acid) . 

8-Amino-l,6-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

l-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonio acid (o-Naphthionic 

acid) . 

*2-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Tobias acid) 

4(and 5) -Amino-1-naphthalenesulf onlc acid 

*5-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Laurent's acid) 
*5-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (1,6-Cleve's 

acid) . 
*5(and 8)-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonlo acid (Cleve's 

acid, mixed) . 
• 6-Amino-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid (Broenner's 

acid) . 

6(and 7)-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonlo acid 

*8-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Perl acid) 

♦ 8-Amino-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid (1,7-Cleve's 

acid) . 



428, 


507, 


559. 






567. 










507. 










507. 










638. 










267, 


400, 


507, 


518, 


636, 638 


315, 


400, 


638. 






118, 


457, 


460, 


500, 


567. 


400, 


500. 








267, 


400, 


507, 


559. 




500. 










313, 


507. 








400. 










567. 










507. 










557. 










440. 










539. 










507. 










507. 










400. 










267, 


400, 


507, 


536. 




267, 


428, 


507. 






404. 










267. 










400. 










638. 










507. 










507. 










638. 










400. 










400, 


428. 








267, 


638. 








400, 


638. 








638. 










267, 


507. 








400. 










507. 










638. 










507. 










400, 


507. 








638. 










567. 










567. 










400. 
460, 


500. 








267, 


507, 


638. 






638. 










267, 


638. 








400. 










638. 










267, 


400, 


507, 


567, 


574, 638 


267, 


400, 


507, 


638. 




507, 


638. 








400. 










118, 


500, 


567, 


638, 


X. 


567, 


638. 








267, 


400, 


507, 


638. 




267, 


400, 


507, 


638. 




267, 


400, 


638. 






267, 


463, 


475, 


500, 


638. 


638. 










267, 


400, 


507, 


638. 




267, 


400, 


507, 


638. 





62 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 

TABLE 7B --Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States production 
or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, i957--Continued 



7-Amino-l,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid 

8-Ajiiino-l,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonio acid (Koch's 

acid) . 
A-Amino-l,3,5-naphthalenetrisulfonic aoid-'i.S- 
sultam, trisodiujn salt. 

8-Amino-l-naphtholc aoid 

S-Ainino-l-naphthol 

7-Ainino-2-naphthol 

*8-Ainino-2-naphthol 

7-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonio aoid (2R aoid), 

monosodium salt. 
8-Aiiiino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonio acid, benzene- 
sulf onate . 
K8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonio acid (H acid), 

monosodium salt. 
*8-Amino-l-naphthol-5,7-disulfoiu.c aoid (Chicago 
aoid) (2S acid), monosodium salt. 

*l-Amino-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic aoid (1,2,^-Aoid) 

*6-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulf onio aoid (J aoid) , sodium 

salt. 
»7-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonio aoid (Gamma aoid), 
sodium salt, 
8-Amino-l-naphthol-5-sulfonlc aoid (S aoid), sodium 
salt. 

*2-itari.no-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic aoid [ S03H=1] 

»2-Amino-4-nitrophenol 

2-Amino-5-nitrophenol 

6-Amino-4-nitro-l-phenol-2-sulfonio acid 

4.-Amino-'i'-nitro-2,2'-stil"benedisulfonio acid 

3-Amino-5-nitro-p-toluenesulfonlo acid, potassium 

salt. 
3-Amino-4-6ctadeoylaminotenzenesulfonic acid, 
sodium salt. 

3'-Aminooxanilic aoid 

4'-Aminooxanilio aoid 

3-Amino-2-oxazolidinone 

p-Aminophenethyl alcohol 

( 6-Amino-m-phenethylthio ) acetic aoid 

m-Aminophenol 

o-Aminophenol 

p-Aminophenol 

»2-Amino-l-phenol-4- sulfonamide 

2-Amino-l-phenol-4-sulfonanilide 

»2-Amino-l-phenol-4-sulfonio acid 

m-(p-Aminophenylazo)benzenesulfonic aoid 

«p-(p-Aminophenylazo)benzenesulfonio aoid 

5(and 8)-Amino-8(and 5)-phenylazo-2-naphthalene- 
sulfonic aoid. 

5- (p-Aminophenylazo) salicylic aoid 

5-(p-Aminophenylazo)-8-(p-sulfophenylazo)-2- 
naphthalenesulfonio acid. 

4-Amino-a-phenyl-m-oresol hydrochloride 

2-(p-Aminophenyl)-6-methylbenzothiazole 

2- (p-Aminophenyl) -6-methyl-7-benzothiazolesulf onio 
acid and salt. 

l-(m-Aminophenyl)-3-methyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one 

1- (m-Aminophenyl) -5-oxo-2-pyrazoline-3-oarboxylio 
aoid. 

2-Aminopyridine 

2-Aminopyrimidine 

5-Aminosalicylio acid 

2-Amino-5-(p-sulfophenylazo)benzenesulfom.c aoid 

2-Aminothiazole 

l-Amino-4- (p-toluenesulf onamido) -2-anthraquinone- 
sulfonic acid and sodium salt. 

5-Amino-o-toluenesulfonanilide 

«4-Amino-m-toluenesulfonio acid [S03H=l] 

5-Amino-o-toluenesulfonio aoid rS03H=l] 

6-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic aoid [S03H=l] 

»5-Amino-2-(p-toluidino)benzenesulfonio acid 

7- (4-Amino-o-tolylazo) -1, 5-naphthalenedisulf onic 
acid. 

4-(4-Amino-m-tolylazo)-ra-toluenesulfonio acid 

N-(4.Amino-m-tolyl)-p-benzoquinone imine 

4'-Amino-3-(p-tolylsulfonyl)acetanilide 

2-Amino-3,4,6-trichlorophenol 

16-Aminoviolanthrone 

«2-Amino-3,5-xylenesulfonic aoid [SOsH^l] 

*Aniline (Aniline oil) 

l-Aniline-2-anthraquinoneoarboxylic aoid 

Aniline hydrochloride 

p-Anilinobenzenediazonium sulfate 

2-Anilinoethanol (Phenylethanolamine) 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



400. 
267, 

400. 

507. 
267, 
638. 
400, 
267, 

638. 

198, 

267, 

267, 
122, 

267, 

267, 

267, 
267, 
313. 
315, 
638. 
507. 

507. 

313, 
207, 
350. 
557. 
400. 
122, 
125, 
288, 
400, 
638. 
267, 
638. 
267, 
638. 

638. 
638. 

562. 
267, 
400, 

400. 
313, 

327, 
567. 
267, 
400. 
567. 
400, 

507. 
267, 
507. 
400, 
267, 
638. 

267, 
400. 
638. 
638. 
507, 
119, 
198, 
400. 
567, 
638. 
566. 



400, 638. 



507, 530, 638. 
400. 



267, 400. 

400, 638. 

313, 400, 463, 507, 567, 638. 

207, 267, 315, 400, 507, 567, 574, 638. 

400, 507, 638. 

638. 

400, 507, 638. 
315, 400, 507, 638. 



315, 638. 
313, 400. 



507. 

629. 

400, 567, 629. 

507, 638. 

400, 402, 428, 507, 595, 638. 

313, 315, 400, 507, 530, 567, 638. 



400. 
530, 638. 



400, 638. 
544. 
428, 638. 

428. 

400, 460, 475, 500, 507, 567, 638. 

500. 
400, 638. 



567, 638. 

218, 267, 460. 

236, 267, 400, 440, 567. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 

TABLE 7B. --Synthetic orflanic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States production 
or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1957- -Continued 



63 



5- (p-[4.Anilino-6- C 8-hydroxy-3, 6-disulfo-l- 
naphthylandno)-s-triazin-2-ylimino]phenylazo)- 
salicylio acid. 

»Anllinomethanesulfonio aoid and salt 

»8-Am.lino-l-naphthalenesulfonio acid (Phenyl peri 
aoid) . 

«6-Anillno-l-naphthol-3-sulfonio acid (Phenyl J 
aoid) . 

«7-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonlo acid (Phenyl gamma 
aoid) . 

2-Anilino-5-nitrobenzenesulfonio aoid 

o-Anisaldehyde 

Anisic acid 

«o-Anisidine 

p-Anisidine 

o-Anisidine hydrochloride 

o-Anisidine nitrate 

«o-Anisidinomethanesulfonio aoid 

6-(p-Anlsidino)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonio aoid 

Anisole, tech 

Anthracene, refined 

Anthraflavio aoid (2,6-Dihydroxyanthraquinone) 

«Anthranilio aoid (o-Aminobenzoic aoid) 

Anthra[l,9]pyrazol-6(2H)-one (Pyrazoleanthrone) 

♦Anthraquinone, lOOiS 

2-Anthraquinoneoarboxylio aoid 

N,N'-(l,5-Anthraquinone)dioxamio aoid 

■»1, 5-Anthraquinonedisulf onic acid 

1,5-Anthraquinonedisulfonio aoid, disodium salt 

l,5(and 1,8)-Anthraquinonedlsulfonio aoid and salt 

1,8-Anthraqulnonedisulfonio aoid, disodium salt 

»1, 8-Anthraquinonedisulfonio acid, potassium salt 

»2,6-Anthraquinonedisulfonio aoid and salt 

»1-Anthraquinonesulfonio aoid and salt 

2-Anthraquinonesulfonic acid and salt (Silver salt) — 

*N,N'-(l,5-Anthraquinonylene)dianthranilio aoid 

l-(l-Anthraquinonyl)-l,2-hydrazinedisulfom.o aoid, 

disodium salt. 
N-(2-Anthraquinonyl)-3-hydroxy-l-nitro-2-anthra- 
quinonecarboxamlde . 

«Anthrarafin (1,5-Dihydroxyanthraquinone) 

Arsanilic acid 

'4',4"'-Azobis[^-biphenylcarboxylio acid] 

Azoxybeiizene 

3,3'-Azoxydianiline 

*Benzaldehyde, tech 

Benz amide 

4- ( 'i-BenzamidOTl-anthraquinonylamino ) naphth [2 , 3- o ] - 
acridan-5, 8, 14.-trione . 

l-Benzamido-i-bromoanthraquinone 

l-Benzamido-4-ohloroanthraquinone 

»l-Benzamldo-5-ohloroanthraquinone 

l-Benzamido-5-chloro-4-methoxyanthraquinone 

2- [3-(A-Benzamido-2, 5-diethoxyphenyl) -1-methyl- 

triazen-3-yl] ethanesulfonio aoid. 
[3-(4-Benzamido-6-methoxy-m-tolyl)-l-methyltriazen- 
3-yl] aoetio aoid. 

4-Benzamido-5-methyl-o-anisidine [NH2=1] 

8-Benzamido-l-naphthol-3,5-disulfonlo aoid 

8-Ber.zamido-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonio aoid 

6-Benzamido-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic aoid (Benzoyl J aoid) 
Benzanilide 

»7H-Benz[de]anthraoen-7-one (Benzanthrone) 

m-Benzenedisulfonio aoid 

Benzenephosphonio acid 

Benzenephosphonio aoid, diootyl ester 

Benzenesulfonamide 

8-(4-Benzenesulfonamido-5-methoxy-o-tolylazo)-l- 
naphthol-3,6-disulfonio acid. 

Benzenesulfonio aoid 

Benzenesulfonio aoid, n-propyl ester 

Benzenesulfonyl chloride 

Benzhydrol (Diphenylmethanol) 

Benzidine base 

■xBenzldine hydrochloride and sulfate- 

Benzll (Bibenzoyl) 

«enzillo aoid 

2-Benzofuranacetonitrile — ~ 

«Benzoic aoid, tech 

Benzoin 

Benzonitrlle 

Benzophenone-2,4-dioarboxyllo aoid 

IH-Benzotriazole 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



267, 313, 315, 400, 530, 567, 638. 
267, 315, 400, 507, 638. 



267, 313, 315, 400, 402, 507, 638. 
267, 313, 400, 567, 638. 



638. 



400, 428. 
400. 

507. 

313, 315, 400, 507, 638. 

400. 
611. 

267, 400, 518, 595. 

567, 638. 

567. 

638. 

507, 559, 567, 638. 

638. 

559, 638. 

400, 428, 507, 559, 567, 638. 

267, 400, 428, 507, 519, 559, 567, 638. 

400, 428. 

559, 638. 



507, 

31. 

479. 

198, 

198, 

278. 

313, 

267, 

428. 

309, 

544, 

507. 

236, 

400. 

400, 

372, 

507, 

400, 

400. 

400, 

400. 

507, 

267, 

122, 

267, 

400, 

400. 

428. 



267, 315, 400, 507, 567, 638. 

516. 

400. 

595. 

313. 

335, 345, 479. 

519. 

400. 

428. 

400, 507, 638. 

267, 400, 519, 559, 567, 638. 

507. 

507. 

507. 

313. 

507. 

507. 

315. 

400. 

267, 315, 400, 428, 507, 519, 530, 559, 567, 638. 

387. 

357. 

357. 

55, 518. 

638. 

120. 

55. 

55, 507, 638. 

626. 

207, 288. 

207 

479 

335 

562 

198 

335 

345 

267. 

428, 518, 609 



267, 400, 577, 595, 638. 

508. 

479, 508. 

335, 345, 443, 479. 

479, 508. 

471. 



64 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, I957 

TABLE 7B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States production 
or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , J957--Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



2-Benzoxazollnone 

Benzoylacetlc acid, ethyl ester 

3-Benzoylacrylic acid 

«o-Benzoylbenzoic acid 

Benzoyl chloride 

2-Benzoyl-'i-sulfobenzolc acid (Sulfo BB acid) 

2-Benzoyl-'4' -(p-toluenesulfonaiiiido)acetanilide 

Benzylamine 

Benzyl (2-aiiiino-4-chlorophenyl) ether 

Benzyl disulfide 

Benzyl ether (Dibenzyl ether) 

4-(N-Benzyl-N-ethylaiiiino)-o-toluenesulfonic acid 

N-Benzyl-N-ethyl-m-toluidine 

4,'t'-BenzylidinebisrN,N-dlethylaniline] 

4,<t'-Benzylidinebis[N,N-dimethylanillne] 

2,2'-Benzylidinedl(N-benzyl-N-ethyl-p-toluidine) 

4-Benzylidineiminoantipyrine 

Benzyl polysulfide 

3,3'-Bianthra[l,9]pyrrole-6,6'(2H,2'H)-dione 

( Pyrazolean throne yellow). 

(3,3'-Bi-7H-benz[de]anthracen)-7,7'-dione 

»(4j/4'-Bi-7H-benz[de] anthi-acen)-7,7'-dione 

endo-cis-Bicyclo[2,2,l]hept-5-ene-2,3-dicarboxylic 

anhydride. 

Bicyclohexyl 

[l,l'-Binaphthalene]-8,8'-dicarboxylic acid 

l,l'-Bi-2-naphthol 

Biphenyl 

•4-Biphenylcarboxylic acid 

Bis(p-aminophenyl)me thane 

*1,4-Bis [l-anthraquinonylamino] anthraqulnone 

1, 5-Bis[l-anthraquinonj'lamino]anthraquinone 

Bis(l-anthraquinonylamino)violanthrene 

N,N'-Bis(l-chloro-2-anthraquinonyl)-4',<+"'-azobis- 

(4-biphenylcarboxainide) . 

l,l-Bis( 2, 4-diamino-m-tolyl) ethane 

4,4'-Bis[diethylainino]benzhydrol 

i,4'-3is [dlexhy] amino] ber:zh7;-.vol, 2,6-naphthalene- 

'^-isulfonio acid corp;,.ex. 
^,A'-Bis[diethylamino]benzophenone (Ethyl ketone 

base) . 
l,5(and l,8)-Bis[5,14-dihydro-5,8,14(13H)-tri- 

oxonaphth[2,3-c] acridin-l-ylamino] anthraqulnone. 

2 , 7-Bis [ dimethylamino] ac ridine hydrochloride 

*4,4' -Bis [dimethylaminojbenzhydrol (Michler ' s 

hydrol) . 
«4, 4' -Bis [dimethylamino] benzophenone (Michler ' s 

ketone) . 
Bis(p-dimethylamlnophenyl)methanesulfonio acid and 

salt. 
l,5-Bis[2,4-dlnltrophenoxy] -4,8-dinitroanthraquinone- 

m-Bis [2, 3-epoxypropoxy] benzene 

a,a-Bis[4-(N-ethyl-N-3-sulfobenzylamino)-2-tolyl]- 

p-toluenesulfonic acid. 

p-Bis(2,2,2-trichloroethyl)benzene 

1,4-Bis(2j 4, 6-trimethylanilino) anthraqulnone 

p-Bromoanisole 

4-Bromobenzalylaminoanthraquinone 

*3-Bromo-7H-benz[de] anxhraoen-7-one (Bromobenz- 

an throne) . 

Broraobenzene, mono 

4-Bromobenzophenone 

Bromochlorobenzene 

2-Bromo-6-ohloro-4-nltroaniline 

2-Bromodibenzofuran 

3-Bromo-16,17-dimethoxyviolanthrone 

2-Bromo-3' -hydroxyacetophenone benzoate . 

5-Bromoisatin 

l-Bromo-4-methylaiiiinoanthraquinone 

2-Bromo-3-methylanthraquinone 

3'-Bromo-4' -methyl-2-biphenyloarboxylic acid 

6-Bromo-3-methyl-7H-dibenz[f ,ij] isoquinoline- 

2,7(3H)-dione. 

l-Bromonaphthalene 

4-Bromonaphthallc anhydride 

2-Bromo-4' -nitroacetophenone 

l-(9-Bromo-7-oxo-7H-benz [de] anthracen-3-ylamino) - 

anthraqulnone . 

2-Bromoquinizarin 

l-Bromo-2,4,6-triethylbenzene 

p-(n-Butylajiiino)benzoic acid, ethyl ester 

2-tert-Butylanthraquinone 

n-Butylbenzene 

sec-Butylbenzene 



507. 
341. 
267. 

267, 400, 507, 567. 
345, 443. 

400. 
562. 
554. 
313. 

268, 443, 577. 
335, 626. 
267. 

267, 400. 

148. 

148, 507. 

638. 

404. 

443. 

400, 638. 

267, 400, 519. 

400, 507, 519, 559, 638. 

267. 



507. 
236. 

507, 519, 559, 567, 638. 



198. 
400, 
471. 
198, 
400. 
267. 
267, 
400. 
507. 
507. 

313. 
638. 
507. 



148, 400. 

400. 

313. 

148, 400, 460, 507, 638. 

148, 267, 400, 460, 507. 

267. 

400. 
557. 
638. 

443. 
638. 
309. 
428. 
267, 400, 428, 507, 519, 559, 567, 638. 

236. 

309. 

497. 

428, 

507. 

507. 

460. 

507. 

400, 507. 

400. 

400. 

507. 

562. 
507. 
236. 
400. 

428. 

400. 

309. 

400, 507. 

499. 

499. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



65 



TABLE 7B.- -Synthetic oria 



icals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States product ion 
erf, identified by manufacturer , J957- -Continued 



tert-Bulylbenzc-ni; 

p-tert-Butylbenzoic acid 

o-(p-tert-Butylben2oyl)benzoio acid 

4-Butyl-m-oresol [OH=li 

2'-tert-Bu'l,yl-'i',6'-dimethylacetophenone 

N^-Butyl-4-methoxymetanilainlde 

2-tort-Butyl-5-raethylanisole 

p-tert-Butylphenol 

Butylphenols, mixed 

p-tert-Butyltoluene 

5- tert-Butyl-m- xylene 

Carbazole, refined 

p-(3-Carbazolylamino) phenol 

Zji'-Carbonyldibenzoic acid 

6(and 2)-Carboxybenzene-2(and ■4)-diazo-l-oxide 

5'-(o-Carboxybenzoyl)-2-chlorooxanilio acid 

3-Carboxy-2(and -Aj-hydroxybenzenediazonium sulfate — 
3-Carboxymethyl-l-(5-ohloro-o-tolyl)-3-raethyl- 
triazene . 

5-(o-Carboxyphenylsulfamoyl)anthranilio acid 

Chelidaraic acid 

Chlorendio acid 

Chlorendio anhydride 

2'-Chloroacetoaoetanilide 

4.'-(Chloroaoetyl)acetanilide 

Chloroaoetylpyrocateehol 

■><ni-Chloro aniline 

o-Chloroaniline 

p-Chloro aniline 

2-(Chloroanilino)ethanol 

3-(o-Chloroanilino)propionitrile 

S-Chloro-o-anisidine [hH2=i3 (4-Chloro-o-amsidine 

[0CH3=1] ) . 
4-Chloroanthranilic acid 

*l-Chloroanthraquinone 

■»2-Chloroanthraquinone 

l-Chloro-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid 

N- (3-Chloro-2-anthraquinonyl) -l-nitro-2-anthra- 
quinonecarboxamide . 

''o-Chlorobenz aldehyde 

p-Chlorobenz aldehyde 

Chloro-7H-benz[de] anthracen-7-one ( Chlorobenz- 
anthrone ) . 

*Chlorobenzene, mono 

p-Chlorobenzenesulfinic acid 

p-Chlorobenzenesulfonic acid 

p-Chlorobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

p-Chlorobenzene thiol 

4^-Chlorobenzhydrol 

o-Chlorobenzoic acid 

p-Chlorobenzoic acid 

4-Chlorobenzophenone 

5-Chloro-2-benzoxazolinone 

*o-(p-Chlorobenzoyl)benzoic acid 

p-Chlorobenzoyl chloride 

'i,4'-(o-Chlorot)enzylidene)di-2,5-xylidene 

i-Chloro-2-(p-chlorophenoxy) aniline 

Chloro(p-chlorophenyl, phenyl)methane 

2-Chloro-5-(chlorosulfonyl)benzoic acid 

3-Chlorocoumarin 

N-(3-Chloro-9,10-dihydroxy-2-anthryl)acetamidebis- 
[acid sulfate] . 

'4'-Chloro-2',5'-diBiethoxyacetoacetanilide 

5-Chloro-2,4-dimethoxy aniline 

l-Chloro-2,4— dimethoxy-S-nitrobenzene 

4-Chloro-N,N-dimethyl-3-nitrobenzenesulfonajin.de 

5-Chloro-A,7-dimethyl-3(2H)-thianaphthenone 

*l-Chloro-2,'i-dinitrobenzene (Dinitrochlorobenzene) — 

2-Chloro-3,5-dinitroben2enesulfonethylamide 

2-Chloro-3,5-dinitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

2-Chloro-3j 5-dinitrobenzenesulf onyl chloride 

4-Chloro-3, 5-dinitrobenzoic acid 

'V-Chloro-2,6-dinitrophenol 

3-Chlorodiphenylainine 

Chlorodiphenylmethane 

a-Chloro-o(and/or p) -dodeeyltoluene [cH3=ll 

N-(2-Chloroethyl)-N-ethylaniline 

a-(2-Chloroethyl)-a-phenylcyclohexanemethanol 

3' -Chloroformanilide 

5-Chloro-2-formylbenzenesulfonic! acid 

5-Chloro-2-foniiylbenzenesulfonic acid, manganous 

salt. 
5-Chloro— 4-isoprcpylmetanilic acid 



Manufacturers' Identification numbers 
(according; to list in table 27) 



^00, 


499, 522. 


590. 




400. 




387, 


428. 


408. 




313, 


507. 


408. 




236, 


591. 


591. 




590. 




408. 




544. 




400. 




567. 




400. 




507. 




267, 


507. 


400. 




638. 




404. 




443. 




443. 




341, 


566. 


400. 




404. 




198, 


267, 400, 507 


198, 


400. 


198, 


400. 


557. 




400. 




629. 





400, 550. 

267, 400, 428, 507, 559, 567, 638. 

267, 428, 507, 567, 638. 

400, 507. 



267, 460, 479. 

479. 

567. 



236, 241, 324, 393, 400, 443, 520, 556, 570. 



X. 

400, 507, 559, 567, 638. 



198, 
638. 
507. 
638. 
253. 
516. 
460, 
479. 
516. 
507, 
267, 
479. 
507. 
507. 
539, 
638. 
626. 
507. 



372. 

372, 428, 463, 507 

507. 

507. 

400, 

198, 

557. 

557. 

557. 

507. 

638. 

400. 

309, 

434. 

400. 

481. 

400. 

507. 

507. 

500. 



550. 

267, 288, 400, 428, 507. 



66 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 

TABLE 7B.- -Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States product! 
or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , 7957- -Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



<i--Chloro-N-isopropyl-3-nltrobenzenesulfonajiilde 

*4-Chlorometanllic acid 

«5-Chlorometam.lic acid 

«6-Chlorometanilic acid 

N-(5-Chloro-2-iiiethoxyphenylazo)-N-niethylglycine 

[ 3- ( 5-Chloro-2-methoxyphenyl) -l-methyltriazen- 
3-yl] acetic acid, 

*l-Chloro-2-methylanthraquinone 

6-CM.oro-'i-methylbenzo-l,3-thiaza-2-thionium 
chloride . 

4- Chloro-N-methyl-3-nl trobenzenesulf onamide 

4-Chloro-3-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyTazolin-l-yl)- 
benzenesulfonio acid. 

CJiloronaphthalenes 

8-Chloro-l-naphthalenesulfonio acid, sodium salt — 

8-Chloro-l-naphthalenesulfonyl chloride 

9-Chloronaphtho[l,2-b] thiophen-3(2H)-one 

(8-Chloro-l-naphthylthio) acetic acid 

2-Chloro-3'-nitroacetophenone 

«2-Chloro-4-nitroaniline (o-Chioro-p-nltroaniline)— 

*4-Chloro-2-nitroaniline (p-Chloro-o-nitroanlline)-- 
4-Chloro-2-nitroanisole 

■»l-Chloro-5-nltroanthraqulnone 

l-Chloro-5(and 8)-nitroanthxaquinone 

l-Chloro-8-nitroanthraquinone 

l-Chloro-2-nitrobenzene (Chloro-o-nltrobenzene) 

l-Chloro-2(and 4-) -nitrobenzene (Chloronitrobenzenes 
o- and p-) . 

l-Chloro-3-nitrobenzene (Chloro-m-nitrobenzene) 

l-Chloro-4- nitrobenzene (Chloro-p-nitrobenzene) 

*<>4-Chloro-3-ni trobenzenesulf onamide 

4- Chloro-3-nl trobenzenesulf onanllide 

»2-Chloro-5-ni trobenzenesulf onlc acid 

»2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzenesulfonio acid, sodium salt — 

*4-Chloro-3-ni trobenzenesulf onic acid 

*4-Chloro-3-ni trobenzenesulf onyl chloride 

2-Chloro-5-nltrobenzoic acid 

5-Chloro-5-nitro-2-benzoxazolinone 

*o-(4— Chloro-3-nitrobenzoyl)benzoic acid 

2-Chloro-4-nitrophenol 

4-Chloro-2-nitrophenol 

4-Chloro-6-nitro-l-phenol-2-sulfonic acid 

4-Chloro-2-nitrophenyl, p-chlorophenyl ether 

4-Chloro-2-nitrophenyl, phenyl ether 

2-Chloro-4-nitrotoluene 

2-Chloro-6-nltrotoluene 

4-Chloro-2-nitrotoluene 

4- Chloro-3-nitro toluene 

o-Chlorophenol 

p-Chlorophenol 

p-Chlorophenylaeetonitrile 

l-(p-Chlorophenyl)biguanide hydrochloride 

4-Chloro-a-phenyl-o-cresol 

4-Chloro-o-phenylenediamine 

2,2'-(3-Chlorophenylimino)diethanol 

a-(p-Chlorophenyl)-4-methyl-0(-phenyl-l-piperazine- 
methanol . 

l-(m-Chlorophenyl)-3-methyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one 

l-(p-Chlorophenyl)-3-methyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one 

N-(m-Chlorophenyl)-N-phenylformamide 

l-Chloro-3-phenylpropane 

Chlorophenylsilanes -. 

4-Chlorophthalic acid 

4-Chlorophthalic acid, sodium salt 

Chlorophthalic anhydride 

2-Chloropyridine 

6-Chloroquinaldine 

*f2-Chloroquinizarin 

7-Chloro-4-quinolinol 

6-Chloroquinophthalone 

4-Chlororesorcinol 

2-Chloro-5-sulfamoylbenzolo acid 

8-Chloro theophylline 

m-Chlorotoluene 

o-Chlorotoluene 

p-Chloro toluene 

*a-Chlorotoluene (Benzyl chloride) 

5-Chloro-o-toluene3ulfonic acid and salt [S03H=1]-- 

3-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=1] 

3-Chloro-p-toluidlne [NH2=1] 

4-Chloro-m-toluidine [NH2=1] — 

*4-Chloro-o-toluidine [NHj^l] (5-Chloro-o-toluidine 
[CH3=l]) (Fast red TR base). 



638. 












400, 


428, 


507. 








267, 


400. 










267, 


400, 


500, 


507, 


550, 638. 


400. 












507. 












267, 


315, 


400, 


507, 


559, 567, 638 


400. 












638. 












400. 












591. 












507. 












507. 












507. 












507. 












X. 












118, 


236, 


400, 


428, 


567. 




236, 


400, 


428, 


507, 


629. 




629. 












267, 


400, 


519, 


550. 






400. 












267, 


400, 


519. 








198, 


400, 


428. 








400, 


428, 


507. 








198, 


400. 










198, 


400, 


428. 








400, 


428, 


507, 


557, 


638. 




638. 












267, 


315, 


428, 


638. 






400, 


507. 










267, 


428, 


507, 


638. 






400, 


428, 


557, 


638. 






507. 












507. 












267, 


428, 


507, 


559. 






198. 












400, 


507, 


518, 


636. 






507, 


638. 










507. 












313. 












267, 


400. 










400, 


507. 










400, 


428. 










428. 












198, 


236. 










198, 


236. 










626. 












400. 












198. 












125. 












428. 












516. 












313, 


638. 










638. 












400. 












626. 












449. 












400. 












507. 












198, 


251, 


443. 








125, 


327. 










400. 












267, 


559, 


636, 


638. 






404. 












400. 












428, 


507. 










638. 












495. 












443. 












479. 












479. 












198, 


335, 


345, 


443, 


479. 




507. 












400. 












400. 












428. 












267, 


372, 


463, 


567. 







CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 

TABLE 7E.» -Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States production 
or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , i957--Continued 



67 



Manufacturers ' Identification numbers 
(according to list In table 27) 



5-Chloro-o-toluldine [NH2=1] (4-Chloro-o-toluldlne 
[CH3=1]) (Red KB base). 

4-Chloro-o-toluidine hydrochloride [NH2=1] 

»5-Chloro-o-toluIdlne hydrochloride [NHj^l] 

5-Chloro-o-toluidlne sulfate [NH2=1] 

l-(Chloro-o-tolyl)-3-cyanotrlaaene —- 

4-Chloro-o-tolyl ethylxanthate 

l-(o-Chloro-o-tolyl)-3-methyl-2-pyTazolln-5-one 

[3- (5-Chloro-o-tolyl)-l-methyltrlazen-3-yl] acetic 
acid, 

(■i-Chloro-o-tolylthlo) acetic acid 

<V-Chloro-a,a,a-trlfluoro-3-nltrotoluene 

o-Chloro-a,a,a-trlfluorotoluene 

p-Chloro-<x,a,a-trlfluorotoluene 

2-CM.oro-p-xylene 

4-Chloro-2j5-xylenesulfonyl chloride 

4-Chloro-2,5-xylenethlol 

«(4-Chloro-2,5-xylylthlo) acetic acid 

Chrysazln (1,8-Dlhydroxyaiithraqulnone) 

Cinnamlo acid, tech 

Cinnamoyl chloride 

*s-Collldine (2,4,6-Trimethylpyridlne) 

•KCresols : ^ 

m-Cresol 

o-Cresol 

p-Cresol 

Cresols, nixed: ■■• 
■»(m,p)-Cresol: 

»From coal tar 

*From petroleum 

»(o,m,p)-Cresol: 

»From coal tar 

»From petroleum 

Other 

2,3-Cresotic acid 

«Cresylic acid, refined t-"- 

*From coal tar 

*From petroleum 

«Cumene 

4-rN-(2-Cyanoethyl)-N-ethylamino] -o-tolualdehyde-— 

p-rN-(2-Cyanoethyl)-N-methylamino]ben2aldehyde 

8-Cyano-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

Cyanuric acid 

Cyanurlc chloride 

*Cyclohexane 

1, 2-Cyolohexanedicarboxylic anhydride 

«Cyclohexanol 

■itCyclohexanone 

Cyclohexanone oxime 

Cyolohexene ' 

4-Cyolohexene-l,2-dloarhoxlmide 

4-Cyclohexene-l,2-dlcarboxyllo anhydride 

Cyclohexylamlne 

l-Cyclohexyl-2-propanone 

1, 5-Cyclooctadiene 

Cyclopentene '. 

^ip-Cymene 

Decylbenzene 

l,5(and 1,8)-Diaoetamidoanthraquinone 

Dialkoxybenz aldehyde 

N.N-Dlallylcamphoramlc acid 

N* , N^-Dlallylmelamine — . . -. 

*l,4-Diaminoanthraquinone — - — — 

»1, 5-Dlamlnoanthraqulnone 

l,5(ahd l,8)-Diaminoanthraquinone 

»2, 6-Diaminoanthraqulnone 

1,4- Diamino-2,3-anthraquiuonedicarboxlmlde — 

l,4-Diamlno-2,3-anthra<iulnonedisulfonlc acid 

4, 8-Dlaminoanthraruf In 

3,3'-Diamlnobenzanillde 

3',4-Diaminobenzanillde 

3',4-Dlamlnobeuzanillde sulfate 

»2, 4-Dlnm1 nobenzepe sulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

2, 5-DlsmlTinbenzenea\ilf onle acid [S03H=1] 

«4,4'-Dlanlno-2,2'-biphenyldlsulfonic acid 

^,^'-W.aBlno-3,3'-biphenyldisulfonlc acid 

A,4-'-Dlaaiiio-2-biphenylsulfonlc acid 

4,4'-Dla«liio-3-blphenylsulfanlo acid 

3, 7-Dlaaljio-2, S-dlhenzothlophenedlsulf onlc acid- 
5,5-dlozlde, dlsodlum salt. 

l,4-DlaBtno-2,3-diohloroantliraqulnone 

*l,4-DlaBliio-2,3-dihydroantlipaiiuinone 



267, 400, 428, 507. 

400, 519. 

400, 460, 463, 519, 529, 567. 

267. 

507. 

507. 

638. 

507. 

400, 550, 567. 

507, 518. 

443. 

443. 

400, 507. 

507, 550. 

400. 

400, 507, 550. 

400, 507, 638. 

309. 

626. 

544, 555, 611. 

387. 

142, 521, 544, 567. 

269. 



521, 544, 555, 567, 611. 

142, 282, 500, 521. 

544, 545, 555, 567, 611. 

142, 282, 521. 

544. 

236. 



544, 555, 567, 611. 

142, 282, 312, 521, 525, 550. 

236, 269, 525, 611. 



567. 

362, 499, 550, 604, X. 

550. 

236, 267, 400, 443, 444. 

400, 444. 

499. 
267. 



521, 
104, 
123, 
400. 
400, 
400. 
567. 
450, 
312, 
267, 
198, 
267, 
267. 
362, 
221, 
267. 
198. 
408, 
499. 
499. 
269, 
393. 
428. 
198. 
640. 
567. 
267, 
400, 
400, 
267, 
400. 
400. 
400, 
638. 
400. 
400. 
267, 
315, 
313, 
267, 
638. 
516. 
567. 

400. 

251, 400, 507, 519, 559, 567, 638. 



433, X. 



400, 428, 507, 638. 

507, 559, 638. 

638. 

313, 400, 507, 559, 567, 638. 



400, 507, 638,. 

638. 

315-, 595, 638. 

313. 



See footnote at end of table. 



68 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 

TABLE 7B 'Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States production 
or sates were reported, identified by manufacturer , 19 57 --Continued 



Manufacturers' Identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



3,7-Diaiiiino-H,S-dihydroxy-l,5-anthraquinonedi- 

sulfonic acid. 
A, 5-Diamino-l, 8-dihydroxy-2, 7-anthraquinonedi- 
sulfonic acid. 

3, 6-Dianii no-2, 7-dijiethylacridine 

3,6-Diajiiino-2,7-dimethylacridine sulfate 

2,2'-Diamino-5, 5 '-dimethyl-3, 3 '-biphenyldisulf onic 

acid, 
'4,<4'-Diamino-5,5'-dimethyl-2,2'-biphenyldisulfonic 
acid. 

4,'i'-Diaiiiino-3,3'-dimethyltriphenylmethane 

5, 6-Diarm'no-l-naphthalene sulfonic acid 

Ij'i-Diaiiilno-S-nitroanthraqulnone 

N, N'-Di(p-aininophenyl)oxajiiide 

2,6-Diaminopyridine 

*4,4-'-Diamino-2,2'-stilbenedlsulfonic acid 

*4, 6-DiaTtn'no-m-toluene3ulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

1, 5-Dianilino-2, 6-anthraquinonedicarboxylic acid 

2,'i-Dianilino-l-hydroxyanthraquinone 

6,8-Dianilino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

Diary Iguanidiue 

l-Diazo-6-nitro-2-naphthol-'i-sulfonic acid 

1, 5-Dibenzamidoanthraquinone 

*4, 5'-Dibenzainido-l,l'-iininodianthraquinone 

4, 5-Dibenzainido-4-' -methoxy-1, 1' -iminodlanthraqulnone 
2-Dibenzofuranol 

*1, 5-Dibenzoylnaphthalene 

N, N' -Dibenzylethylenedlamine 

NjN'-Dibenzylethylenediamine diacetate 

»3,9-Dibromo-7H-benz[de]anthraoen-7-one 

p-Dibromobenzene 

Dibromodibenzo[a,h]pyrene-7,l'4-dione 

2,7-Dibromo»3,8-dihydroxy-l,6-pyrenedione 

l,3-Dibromo-5,5-dimethylhydantoin 

5,5'-Dibromoindigotin 

2,6-Dibromo-l, 5-naphthalenediol 

Dibromo-8 , 16-pyranthrenedione 

Dibi-omoviolantlirone 

l,<t-Dibutoxy-2-nitrobenzene 

Sj't-Dichloroaniline 

2,5-Diohloroamline and hydrochloride [ NH2=l] 

3,4-Dichloroaniline-6-sulfom.o acid 

«i, 5-Dichloroanthraqulnone 

»l,5(and 1, 8)-Dlchloroanthraquinone 

*1, 8-Dichloroanthraquinone 

2,3-Diohloroanthraquinone 

4,8(and 4,5)-Dichloro-l,5(and l,8)-anthraquinonedi- 
sulfonlc acid. 

3,3'-Dichloroazoxyben2ene 

2, 5-Dichlorobenz aldehyde 

3- ( 3 , 4-Dichlorobenzaaildo ) -l-phenyr-2-pyrazolin-5- 

one. 
m-Dichlorobenzene 

^*o-Dichlorobenzene 

o(and p) -Dichlorobenzene 

*p-Dichlorobenzene 

*3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine base and salts 

2 , 4-Dichlorobenzoic acid 

2,5-Dichlorobenzoio acid 

■ij-t'-Dichlorobenzophenone 

o(m and p)-(Dichlorobenzoyl)benzoic acid , 

2,4-Dichlorobenzoyl chloride 

5 , 5 '- (2 , 5-Dichloro-3 , o-dioxo-p-phenylenediimlno) - 
bis[2-(2,3-dihydro-2-oxoben2;liiiidazol-5-ylainlno)- 
benzenesulfonic acid]. 

Dichlorodiphenylsilane 

2,5-Dichloro-4-hydrazinobenzenesulfonlo acid 

A., 5-Dichlorometanilic acid 

»2,5-Dichloro-4-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyra2olin-l-yl)- 
benzenesulfonic acid. 

Diohloromethylphenylsilane 

2,6-Dichloro-<i-nltroaniline 

l,2-Dlchloro-<V-nitrobenzene 

»l,4-Dichloro-2-nitrobenzene (Nitro-p-diohloro- 
benzene) . 

2,'i-Dichlorophenol 

2-[3-(2,5-Dichlorophenyl)-l-ethyltriazen-3-yl]-5- 
sulfobenzoic acid. 

2,5-Diohlorophenylhydrazine 

Dlchlorophthalic anhydride 

4,7-Dichloroquinoline 

4,6-Dlohlororesorolnol 

»2,5-Dichlorosulfanllio acid [S03H=1] 



222. 
507. 
500. 
313, 

222. 
507, 
198, 
267, 

198, 

507. 

313. 
251. 
133, 
428. 
313, 



267, 313, 400, 460, 507, 567, 638. 

400, 428. 
507. 

559, 638. 



507. 

400, 507, 519, 559, 567, 638. 



559, 638. 



539. 

315, 400, 428, 507, 519, 567, 638. 



400. 

400, 460, 507, 629. 

400, 507, 519, 559, 638. 
400, 428, 507. 
507, 559. 



637. 



198, 236, 324, 389, 400, 438, 443, 556, 637. 

393, 520. 

198, 236, 324, 389, 400, 438, 443, 556. 

428, 460, 595, 638, X. 



315, 400, 507, 567, 638. 



557. 
400. 
400, 428, 507, 629. 



236, 513. 



404, 423, 
400, 507. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



69 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States production 
or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1957- -Continued 



Manufacturers ' Identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



2,5-Dichloro-4-sulfobenzenediazonium chloride 

p,a-Dichlorotoluene 

a,a-Dichlorotoluene (Benzal chloride) 

2,'4-Dichlorotoluene 

2, 6-Dichloro toluene 

3,4-Dlchlorotoluene 

2,'i-Dlchloro-5-(p-toluenesulfonajnido)-l-naphthol — 

'4,6-Diohloro-s-triazin-2-ol 

Dicyolohexylamine 

Dicyolohexyl ketone 

Dicyclopentadiene 

4-[ Di(p-diinethylamino)methyl] -2,7-naphthalenedi- 
sulfonic acid. 

2,A-Di(l,l-dimethylpropyl)phenol 

2,5-Dlethoxyaniline 

Diethoxydi phenyls ilane 

«p-Diethylaiiiinobenz aldehyde 

5-Diethylamlno-2-nitrosophenol 

»iii-Diethylaminophenol (N, N-Dlethyl-3-aininophenol ) 

»N,N-Diethylaniline 

N,N-Diethyl-m-anisidine 

Diethylbenzene 

N,N-Diethyloyclohexylamine 

N. N-Diethylmetanillo acid 

N,N"'' -Diethyl -4-methoxymetanilamide 

N,N-Diethyl-p-nitrosoaniline 

N,N-Diethyl-4--nltroso-m-anisidine hydrochloride 

N,N-Diethyl-m-toluidine-; 

2,3-Dihydro-2-oxonaphth[i,8]-m-oxazine-5,8-di- 
sulfonio acid. 

2,3-Dihydro-4H-pyran 

l,5(and 1, 8)-Dlhydroxyanthraquinone 

l,8-Dihydroxy-4-,5-dinitro-2,6-anthraquinonedi- 
sulfonic acid. 

*A, 5-DihydToxy-2, 7-naphthalenedisulfonlo acid 
(Chromotropic acid). 
4,5-Dihydroxy-l-naphthalenesulfonio acid (Dioxy S 
acid). 

»6,7-Dihydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

3,5-Dihydroxy-2-naphthoic acid 

3,4-Di(p-hyidxoxyphenyl)-3,A-hexanediol 

*16, 17-Dihydroxyviolanthrone (Dihydroxydibenz- 
anthrone ) . 

Diisobutyl-o-cresol 

2',<V'-Dlmethoxyacetophenone 

2, S-Dimethoxyaniline 

2, S-Dlmethoxybenz aldehyde 

2',5'-Dimethoxybenzam.lide 

m-Dimethoxybenzene 

p-Dimethoxybenzene 

3,3'-Dimethoxybenzidine 

3,3'-Dimethoxybenzidine hydrochloride 

2,4-Dlmethoxybenzoic acid 

4-,4'-Diinethoxybenzophenone 

3,3'-Dlinethoxy-4,4-'-bis(3-inethyl-3-sulfoethyl- 
triazen-1-yl ) biphenyl . 

1,4— Dimethoxy-2-nitrobenzene 

3 , 4-Dimethoxyphenethylainine (Homoveratrylsmine ) 

(3,4-Dimethoxyphenyl)acetic acid 

(3, 4-01136 thoxyphenyl)aoetonitrile 

16, 17-Dimethoxyviolanthrone 

m-Dimethylaniinobenzoic acid 

o- (Dimethylaminoethyl )phenol 

o-(Dimethylaminomethyl)-p-butylphenol 

a-d-4-Diinethylaiiiino-3-methyl-l,2-diphenyl-2- 

butanol, camphor sulfonate. 
a-d-4-Dimethylaiiiino-3-methyl-l,2-dlphenyl-2- 

butanol hydrochloride. 
a-dl-4-Dimethylamino-3-methyl-l,2-diphenyl-2- 
butanol hydrochloride. 

3-Dimethylamino-2-methylpropiophenone 

m-Dimethylaminophenol 

N- (p-Dimethylaminophenyl )-l,4-naphthoquinonelmin^ — 

*N, N-Dimethylaniline 

N,N-Dimethylbenzylamine 

*2,2'-Dimethyl-l,l'-bianthraquinone 

2,4-Di(l-methylbutyl)phenol 

Dimethylcyclohexane ' 

5,5-Dimethyl-l,3-cyclohexanedione 

N,N-Dimethylcyclohexylamine 

2',7'-Dimethylfluoran • 

2,8-Dimethyl-13P-hydroxy-9(13p)-ceroxenone 

2,3-Dimethylindole 



400, 507. 



507, 567. 

267, 400, 460, 567. 



507. 
313, 507. 



636, 638. 

400. 

267, 418, 507. 

400, 507, 519, 559, 638. 

507. 

567. 

400, 428, 595, 638. 

567. 

507. 

557. 



267, 400, 460, 567. 

423, 471. 

315, 400, 507, 567, 638. 



70 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 

TABLE 7B. '-Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States production 
or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 19 57 --Continued 



N,N-Dlmethyl-p-nltrosoaniline 

N,N-Dtmethyl-3-nitro-p-toluenesulfonaiiiide 

NjN-Dimethyl-p-phenylenediamlne and salts 

N,2-Dlmethyl-2-phenylsuooin±mide 

p-(l, 3 -Dlmethylpropyl) phenol 

i/.(4,6-Dlraethyl-2-pyrinildinylsulfamoyl)aoetanlllde- 

NjN-Dlmethylsulfanilic acid 

wZj'V-Dinitro aniline 

»p-( 2, 'i-Dinitroanillno) phenol 

2,<t-Dlnltroanisole 

1,5-Dinitroanthraquinone 

»l,5(and l,8)-Dinltroanthraquinone 

2,'4-Dinitro-l,5-anthraquinonedioxainlo acid 

'tjS-Dinltroanthrarufin 

Sj'i'-Dinitrobenzanilide 

«m-Dinitrobenzene 

2,A-Dinltrobenzenesulfonlo acid 

3^5-Dinltrobenzoic acid 

Dinitro(3,3'-bi-7H-benz[de]anthraoen)-7,7'-dione 

4,5-Dinitrochrysazin 

2,4-Dlnltroouiiiene 

4,4-' -Dinltro-2, 2' -dibenzyldisulfonio acid, dlsodium 
salt. 

*2,4-Dinitrophenol, teoh 

«4,4' -Dinltro-2, 2' -stllbenedisulfonio acid 

2, 4-Dinltro toluene 

2,4 (and 2,6)-Dinitrotoluene 

Dinitrotoluene, mixed isomers 

3,5-Dinitro-p-toluenesulfonio acid 

Dlnonyl phenol 

Dipentene 

1, 5-Diphenoxyanthraquinone 

1,8-Diphenoxyanthraquinone 

Diphenylacetio acid 

Diphenylaoetonltrile 

Diphenylamine 

6,8-Diphenylamino-l-naphthalenesulfonio acid 

l,4-Diphenyl-2-butene-l,4-dione 

sym-N,N'-Diphenylethylenedi amine 

N,N'-Diphenyl-3,4,9,10-perylenetetracarboxylio 
diimide . 

1,3-Diphenyltriazene 

Dithiodibenzoic acid 

2,2'-Dithiodibenzoic acid, dimethyl ester 

*l,4-Di(p-toluidino)anthraquinone 

l,5-Di(p-toluidino)anthraquinone 

l,8-Di(p-toluidino)anthraquinDne 

Dlvlnylbenzene 

Dodecylaniline 

»Dodecylbenzene (including keryl-type benzenes) 

Dodeoylnitrobenzene 

Dodeoylphenol 

6-EthDxy-2-meroaptobenzothiazole_ 

o-Ethoxyphenol (2-Hydroxypheneto"le) 

3-Ethylamino-p-cre8ol 

3-Ethylamino-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

o-Etl^laniline 

N-Ethyl aniline: 

Crude 

■xRefined 

*2-(N-Ethylanilino)ethanol 

3-(N-Ethylanillno)propionltrile 

a-(N-Ethylanilino)-m-toluenesulfoiiio aold 

»a-(N-Ethylanilino)-p-toluenesulfonic acid 

N-Ethyl-p-anisidine 

2-Ethylanthraquinone 

*Ethylbenzene 

o-(p-Ethylbenzoyl)benzoiG acid 

9-Ethylcarbazole 

3-Ethyl-2-[3-(3-ethyl-2-benzothiazolinylidene)- 

pentadienyl] benzothiazolium iodide. 
2- [l-Ethyl-3- (2-methoxy-5-nitrophenyl )triazen-3- 
yl] -5-sulfobenzoio acid. 

N-Ethyl-1-naphthylamlne 

l-Ethyl-2-nitrobenzene 

N-Ethyl-2-nltrobenzenesulfonanilide 

9-Ethyl-3-nitrooarbazole 

p-Ethyl^enol 

»N-Ethyl-N-phenylbenzylamine (N,N-Ethylbenzylaniline) 

2-Ethyl-2-phenylmalonic acid, diethyl ester 

5-Ethyl-2-picoline (2-Methyl-5-ethylpyrldlne ) 

(MEP). 
4-Ethylpyridlne 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



125, 267, 567. 

507. 

267. 

256. 

633. 

567. 

507. 

198, 428, 567. 

267, 400, 507. 

629. 

559. 

315, 400, 428, 638. 

638. 

428. 

400. 

267, 400, 507. 

507, 638. 

400, 660. 

400, 519. 

400, 507, 557. 

400. 

400. 



400, 428. 

315, 400, 460, 507, 638. 

400. 



428. 

335. 

660. 

267, 334, 400, 567. 

638. 



267, 
267, 
267, 
400. 
267. 
507. 
507. 
433, 
400, 
557. 
306, 
309, 
236, 
267, 
267. 
400. 
507. 



267. 

518. 

518. 

267, 507, 559, 638. 

559. 

559. 

236, 

198. 

198, 

198. 

198. 

400. 

198. 

400. 

400. 

198. 



387. 

267, 454, 506, 525, 565. 



400, 567. 

507, 557, 566, 638. 



251, 267, 313, 460, 507, 567, 638. 



507. 

236, 387, 566, 611. 



567. 
267, 
400, 
557. 
400. 
218, 
557. 
267, 
198, 
507. 
507. 
507. 

507. 



148, 400. 

198. 

638. 

507. 

567. 

267, 400, 460. 

335, 495, 516. 

566. 

54<t. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



71 



TABLE TB.^-Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States production 
or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , J957--Continued 



Manufacturers ' Identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



N-Ethyl-5-sulfoanthranllic acid 

6-Ethyl-l,2,3,4-tetrahydro-l,l,4,4-tetramethyl- 
najiithalene . 

N-Ethyl-m-toluidine 

N-Ethyl-o-toluldlne - - 

2-(N-Ethyl-m-toluldlno)ethaiiDl 

3-(N-Ethyl-m-toluldlno)proplonltrlle 

a-(N-Ethyl-m-toluidlno)-m-tolueneBulfonlo acid 

5-Ethyl-2-vlnylpyridlne 

l-Ethynylcyolohexaiiol 

Fonnanllide 

A-Fonnyl-m-benzenedlsulfonic acid 

m-Fonnylbenzeneeulfonic acid 

jto-Fonnylbenzensulfonlc acid (o-Sulfobenzaldehyde) — 

Furan 

Purfuryl alcohol 

Hexachlorobenzene 

Hexachlorocyclopentadlene 

Hexachlorophenyl ether 

m-HydrazinobepzeneBulf onnmi de 

♦p-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid 

3-Hydrazino-5-nitro-p-toluenesulfonio acid 
[S03H=fl] . 

4-HydraziDO-m-toluenesulfoiiio acid [S03H=1] 

Hydrazobenzene 

Iftrdroabietyl alcohol 

Hydroquinone, tech 

2' -Hydroxyacetophenone 

A'-Hydroxyaoetophenone 

3 '-Hydroxyacetophenone benzoate 

»l-Hydroxyanthraquiiione 

N-(3-Hydroxy-2-ajithraqulnoiiyl)-l-nitro-2-aiithra- 
quinonecarbox amide . 

4-Hydroxybenzenearsonio acid 

2 -Hydroxy-llH-benzo [a ]c arbazole -3 -c arboxyli c 
acid. 

p-Hydroxybenzolc acid 

p-Hydroxybenzolc acid, benzyl ester 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid, butyl ester 

p-Hydroxybenzoio acid, ethyl ester 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid, methyl ester 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid, propyl ester 

6'-Hydroxy-m-benzotoluidide^ 

3-rN-(2-Hydroxyethyl)anilinD]propionitrlle 

N- (7-Hydroxy-8- [2-hydraxy-5- (methylsulf amoyl) - 
phenylazo] -1-naphthyl ) acetamide . 

2-HydToxy-4-methoxybenzophenoiie 

3-}^draxy-2-methylcinohoninio acid 

7-Hydroxy-l-naphthaleneoarbamic acid, methyl ester- 

3-I^droxy-2-naphthanilide 

l-I^droxy-2-naphthoic acid — 

»3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoio acid (B.O.N.) 

N-(2-Hydroxy-l-naphthyl) acetamide 

N-(7-HydrQxy-l-naphthyl)acetamide 

l-Hydroxy-4-nitroanthraquiiione 

Hydroxyultroviolanthrone "."r^rr 

l-Hydroxy-4-(p-toluidino)anthraquinone 

2-Imidazolidiiione 

*1,1' -Imliiobis[4--aminoanthraquinone] 

1,1' - Tm1 nobls[ A -benzamidoanthr aquinone) 

»1,1' -Tmi nobis [5-benzamidoanthraquinone] 

«6, 6' -Tminobis [l-naphthol-3-sulf onic acid] 

*1,1'-Tmi nobis [4-jiitroaiithraqiilTione] 

«l,l'-Iminodlaiithraquinone (Dianthrimide) 

2,2'-Tni1nodipyridine 

o-Iodobenzoic acid 

Isatin 

Isatoic anhydride 

Isocinchomeronio acid 

Isocinchomeronie acid, di-n-propyl ester 

Isooyanic acid, p-cMorophenyl ester 

Isooyanic acid, 3,3'-dlmethoxy-'*,4'-biphenyleiie 

ester. 
Isooyanic acid, 3,3'-dlmethyl-4-,4'-biphenylene 

ester. 
Isooyanic aold, methyleiiebis(2-methyl-p-pl»enjrlene) 

ester. 
Isooyanic acid, methylenebis(3-methyl-p-phenylene) 

ester. 
Isooyanic acid, methylenedi-p-phenylene ester 

»Isooyanic acid, 4-methyl-m-phenylene ester 

Isooyanic acid, 1-naphthyl ester 

Isooyanic acid, m-phenylene ester 



507. 
408. 

267, 
400. 
507. 
400, 
400. 
54A. 
360. 
400. 
507. 
507. 
251, 
400. 
540. 
236, 
4^3. 
236. 
507. 
119, 
218, 



400. 
557. 



267, 313, 400, 460, 507. 
513. 



313, 400, 507, 567. 
507. 



507. 

595. 

269. 

460, 548, 557. 

306. 

306. 

460. 

267, 428, 638. 

507. 

516. 
507. 

479, 595. 

479. 

479. 

479. 

309, 479, 516. 

479. 

638. 

400. 

638. 



567. 
400. 
638. 
372, 
267, 
267, 
638. 
315, 
638. 
567. 
400, 
400. 
267, 
519, 
400, 
267, 
400, 
267, 
544. 
495. 
267. 
518. 
31. 



460. 
507. 
372, 400, 460, 479, 500, 631. 

507, 638. 

559. 

315, 400, 507, 519, 559, 567, 638. 

567. 

507, 519, 638. 

400, 507, 530, 638. 

519, 559, 638. 

315, 400, 507, 519, 567, 638. 



31. 

198. 

595. 



400. 
267. 



267, 432. 

267, 400, 432, 595. 

562. 

267. 



491001 O -58 -6 



72 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



TABLE 7B. --Syn the t 



ic organic chemicals, 
sales were reported. 



Cyclic intermediates for which United States production 
identified by manufacturer , i957--Continued 



Isocytosine (2-Amino-<i(3H)-pyrl[aidinone) 

Isonicotinic acid 

Isoniootinio acid, methyl ester 

Isonitrosopropiophenone 

Isophorone 

Isophthalic acid (1,3-Benzenedioarboxylio acid) 

4-Isopropylbiphenyl 

«4.,<i'-Isopropylidenediphenol (Bisphenol A) 

N-Isopropyl-2-nitro-l-phenol-<i-sulfonaiiiide 

"i-Isopropyl-m-phenylenedi amine 

1^3-Isoquinolinediol 

»Isoviolaiithrone (Isodibenzanthrone ) 

»Leucoquinizarin (Ij'ijgjlO-Anthratetrol) 

*Leuoo tetrahydroxyanthraquinone 

2,<i-Lutidine 

2,6-Lutidine 

Melamine 

o-Mercaptobenzoic acid 

<iMetanil amide 

Metanilanilide 

«Metanilio acid (m-Aminobenzenesulfonio acid) 

Methapyrilene 

l-Methoxyanthraquinone 

"V-Methoxymetamlio acid 

N-(2-Methoxy-l-naphthyl)acetamide 

l-Methoxy-4-nitroaiithraquinone 

4-Methoxy-6-nitrometaiiilic acid 

p-Methoxyphenylaoetic acid 

l-(6-Methoxy-m-tolyl)-3-methyl-3-(D-gluco-2,3,4,5,6- 

pentahydroxyhexyl ) triazene . 
b- ( 6-Methoxy-m-tolyl ) -1-me thy ltriazen-3-ylJ acetic 
acid. 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



l-Methylaminoanthraquinone ; 

l-Methylamino-4-(p-toluldino)anthraquinone 

N-Methylanlllne — 

2-(N-Methylanilino)ethanol 

3-(N-Methylamlino)propionitrile 

5-Methyl-o-anlsidine [NH2=1] 

m-Methylanlsole 

N-Methylanthranilic acid 

2-MethylanthraquinDne 

1- (3-Methyl-2-anthraquinonylamino )-5- (7-oxo-7H-benz 

[de] anthracen-3-ylamino ) anthraquinone . 

ii-Methylbenzenesulfonanilide 

3-Methylbenzo[f]quinollne 

H-Methylbenzylamine 

7-Methylbicyolo [2,2,l]hept-5-ene-2,3-dicarboxylic 

anhydride. 

Methylcyclohexane 

4-Methylcyolohexene 

6-Methyl-3-cyclohexene-l-oarboxylio acid, sec-butyl 

ester. 

N-Methylcyclohexylamine 

N-Methylene aniline 

4.,4'-Methylenebis[2-chloroaniline] 

4,4'-Methylenebis[N,N-diethylaniline] 

4,4'-MethylenebiE[N,N-dimethylaniline] (Methane 

base). 

4,4'-Methylenebis[N,N-dlmethyl-2-nitroamline] 

5,5'-Methylenebis[toluene-2,<4-diamlne] 

4,4' -Me thylenedi aniline 

Methyl enedisallcylic acid 

1-Methylnaphthalene 

2-Methylnaphthalene 

Methylnaphthalene, crude 

N-Methyl-4'-nitroacetanilide 

N-Methyl-p-nltro aniline 

5-Mettcrl-4-nitro-o-anlsidine[NH2=l] 

3-Methyl-4-nitroanisole 

4-Methyl-2-nitroanlsole 

*2-Methyl-l-nltro anthraquinone 

N-Methyl-2-nitro-l-phenol-4-sulfonamide 

m- (3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyTazolin-l-yl )benzenesulf on- 

amlde. 
m-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyTazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonio 

acid. 
*p- (3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl )benzenesulfonic 

acid. 
3-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)-5-nitro-p- 

toluenesulfonlc acid [SOsH^l]. 
4- (3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolln-l-yl )-m-toluenesulfonic 

acid [S03H=1]. 
*3-Methyl-l-phenyl-2-pyTazolln-5-one (Developer Z) 



544. 






544. 






309. 






566. 






525. 






198. 






198, 236, 590. 






638. 






400. 






400. 






400, 507, 519, 


559. 




267, 400, 428, 


557, 


636, 638. 


251, 507, 638. 






544, 555, 611. 






544. 






567. 






431, 518. 






400, 507, 638. 






507. 






122, 267, 315, 


400, 


507, 567, 638. 


516. 






400, 507. 






313, 507. 






638. 






400. 






400. 






626. 






400. 






507. 






400, 428, 507, 


559. 




507, 559. 






400, 567. 






507, 557. 






400, 507. 






400, 638. 






507. 






507. 






267, 567. 






400. 






428. 






507. 






554. 






267. 






236, 499. 






499. 






626. 






400. 






400. 






400. 






567, 638. 






267, 400, 507, 


638. 




507. 






267, 400. 






267, 567. 






479. 






544. 






544. 






487, 544, 555. 






■ 267, 507. 






507. 






507. 






507. 






400. 






267, 400, 428, 


507 


638. 


638. 






400, 507, 638 






400, 507, 638 






207, 313, 315 


400 


428, 507, 567 


507. 






638. 






236, 255, 267 


313 


315, 400, 404 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



73 



-Synthet ic organic chemicals 
or sales were reported. 



Cyclic intern) 
ident i fied by 



ites for which United States product ion 
jfacturer, J957- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



Methylpiperazine .- 

2-Methyl-l,A-piperazinediethanol 

2-Methyl-l,'4-piperazinedipropanol 

Methyl propylcarbinyl barbituric acid -- 

Methyl pyrazine 

4'-(<V-Methyl-2-pyrimidinylsulfanioyl)aoetam.lide 

1-Methyl pyrrole 

N-Methyl pyrrolidine 

tta-Methylstyrene 

N-Methyl-5-sulfoanthranilic acid 

2-Methylsulfonyl-4.-nitro aniline 

3-Methyl-6-(p-toluidino)-7H-dibenz [f ,ij ]iso- 
quinoline-2,7(3H)-dione. 
»Naphthalene, solidifying at 79 C. or above 
(refined flake): 

»From American crude naphthalene 

*Froiii imported crude naphthalene 

l-Naphthaleneacetonitrile 

1,5-Naphthalenediol (1,5-Dihydroxynaphthalene) 

2,3-Naphthalenediol 

1, 5-Naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

»2,7-Naphthalenedisulfonio acid 

1-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid 

2-NaphthaleneEu3,fonic acid, sodium salt 

2-Naphthalenesulfonyl chloride 

1,4,5,8-Naphthalenetetracarboxylic acid 

1,4,5,8-Naphthalenetetracarboxyllc dianhydride 

1,3,5-Naphthalenetrisulfonic acid 

Naphthalio anliydride 

Naphthalimide 

Naphthionic acid (•4-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic 
acid). 

*Naphthionic acid, sodium salt 

»l-Naphthol (a-Naphthol) 

2-Naphthol, tech. (p-Naphthol) 

l-Naphthol-3,6-disulfom.c acid, monosodium salt 

l-Naphthol-3,8-disulfonic acid 

l-Naphthol-"i,8-disulfonic acid 

«2-Naphthol-3,6-disulfom.o acid (R acid) 

*2-Naphthol-3,6-dlsulfonic acid, disodium salt 

*2-Naphthol-6,8-dlsulfonic acid (G acid) 

2-Naphthol-6,8-disulfQnic acid, disodium salt 

l-Naphthol-3,8-disulfonlc acid sultone 

l-Naphthol-3-sulfonamide 

2-Naphthol-6-sulfonamide 

2-Naphthol-6-sulfonamide, p-toluenesulfonate 

l-Naphthol-3-sulfonic acid, benzenesulfonate, 

sodium salt. 
l-Naphthol-i-sulfonlc acid (Nevile & Wlnther's 
acid). 

l-Naphthol-5-sulfonic acid 

*l-Naphthol-8-sulfonic acid 

»2-Naphthol-6-sulfonlc acid (Schaeffer's acid) 

2-Naphthol-6-sulfonlc acid, sodium salt 

*2-Naphthol-7-sulfonic acid 

»2-Naphthol-8-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthol-8-sulfonic acid sioltone (1,8-Naphtho- 

sultone ) . 
2-Naphthol-6-sulfonio acid, p-toluene sulfonate, 
sodium salt. 

1,"+- Naphthoquinone 

Naphthostyril ' 

Naphtho[2,l-b]thlophen-l(2H)-one 

Naphth[2,l]oxadiazole-5,9-naphthalenedisulfonlc 
acid. 

*Naphth[l,2]oxadiazole-5-sulfonic acid 

1-Naphthylamine (a-Naphthylamine) 

2-Naphthylamine (P -Naphtl^lamine) 

1-Naphthylamine sulfate 

1- ( 2-Naphthylamino ) -2-anthraquinonecarboxyllo acid — 
p- 2 - Naphthyl aminophenol ( N- (p-Hydroxyphenyl ) - 2- 
naphthylamine ) . 

*2-(Naphthylthlo) acetic acid 

2-Naphthylthioglycolic acid ' 

Nicotinic acid, n-butyl ester 

Niootinonltrile (3-Cyanopyrldine) 

3'-Nitroaceta3illide 

A'-Hltroaoetanllide 

2-Nltro-p-acetanisidide 

4' (and 5 ')-Nitro-o-acetanlsidlde 

^-'-Nitroacetophenone 

■•W-Nltioaiilllne ■ 



393 










393 










393 










481 










393 










567 










X. 










31, 


481. 








236 


269, 


567, 


611. 




507 










557 










507 










400 


500, 


544, 


555, 


567, 611 


390 


500, 


555, 


567, 


611. 


296 










267 


507, 


631. 






507 










267 


507, 


631, 


638. 




267 


400, 


638. 






638 










267 


567, 


577. 






500 


567. 








400 


507, 


638. 






638 










507 










507 


530, 


638. 






267 


507. 








267 


507. 








400 


567. 








267 


400, 


638. 






267 


400, 


507, 


530, 


567. 


267 


500, 


567. 






638 










428 










638 










267 


507, 


638. 






218 


507, 


567. 






267 


400, 


507, 


638. 




567 










507 










507 










400 










400 










507 










267, 


400, 


638. 






267 


638. 








267 


313, 


463. 






267 


463, 


472, 


567, 


638. 


218 


507. 








400 


500. 








638 










315, 


400, 


638. 






400 










267 










400 










638 










638 










267 


315, 


400, 


507, 


638. 


267 
400 


400, 
463. 


507. 






638 










267 


638. 








507 










267 


313, 


■400, 


507, 


567, 638 


428 










516 










327 


555. 








638 










507, 
400 


557, 
507. 


638. 






507 










55. 










267, 


400, 


567, 


638. 





74 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, I957 



TABLE 7B. --Synthetic organic chemicals 
or sales were reported. 



Cyclic intermediates For which United States production 
identified by manufacturer. J957--ContirTued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



o-Nitro aniline _ 

p-Nitro aniline 

*2-Nitro-p-anisidine rNH2=l] 

3-Nitro-o-anlsidine [NH2=1] 

*i-Nitro-o-anisidine [NH2=1] 

»5-Nitro-o-aiiisidine [NH2=1] 

o-Nitroanisole "■ 

p-Nitroanisole 

1-Nitroanthraquinone 

l-Nitro-2-anthraquinonecarbonyl chloride 

»l-Nitro-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid 

l-Nitro-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid hydrazide 

»5-Nitro-l-anthraquinonesulfonic acid 

5-Nitro-l-anthraquinonesulfonic acid, sodium salt--- 

5(and 8)-Nitro-l-anthraquinonesulfonic acid 

S-Nitro-l-anthraquinonesulfonic acid 

8-Nitro-l-anthraquinonesulfonic acid, sodium salt--- 
2- ( 1-Nitro- 2- anthraquinonyl ) anthr [2,3] oxazole-5 , 10- 
dione. 

m-Nitrobenz aldehyde 

6-[p-(p-Nitrobenzamido)benzamido]-l-naphthol-3- 

sulfonic acid. 
6- (p-Nitrobenzamido )-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid 

(p-Nitrobenzoyl J acid). 
3- (m-Nitrobenz araido)-l-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one 

»Nitrobenzene 

m-Nitrobenzenesulfonamide 

3'-Nitrobenzenesulfonanilide 

»m-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

p-Nitrobenzenes\afonic acid 

5'-Nitro-o-benezenesulfonotoluidide 

m-Nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

p-Nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

5-Nltro-2(3H)-benzimidazolone 

*m-Nitrobenzoic acid 

p-Nitrobenzoic acid 

p-Nitrobenzoio acid, butyl ester 

p-Nltrobenzoio acid, ethyl ester 

p-Nitrobenzoic acid, isobutyl ester 

p-Nitrobenzoic acid, propyl ester 

6-Nitro-2-benzoxazolinone 

m-Nitrobenzoyl chloride 

p-Nitrobenzoyl chloride 

2-Nitrobiphenyl 

^.'-Nitro-'i-biphenylcarboxylic acid 

/i'-Nitro-A-biphenyloarboxylic acid, sodium salt 

3-Nitro-4-chloro-N,N-dimethylbenzenesulfonamide 

2-Nitro-p-cresol 

4-Nitro-o-cresol 

Nitrodiphenylamine 

5-Nitroindazole 

1-Nitronaphthalene 

l(aiid 2 )-Nitronaphthalene 

3-Nitro-l, 5-naphthalenedisxiLfonic acid 

8(aiid 5)-Nitro-l(and 2 )-naphthalenesulfonic acid— 

8-Nitro-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

7(and 8)-Nitronaphth[l,2]oxadiazole-5-sulfonic 
acid. 

3-Nitro-N-octadecylsulfanilic acid 

4' -Nitrooxanilic acid 

p-Nitrophenethyl acetate 

Nitrophenethyl alcohol 

o-Nitrophenol 

p-Nitrophenol 

2-Nitro-l-phenol-i-sulfonanilide 

4-'-(p-Nitrophenyl)acetophenone 

4-Nitro-o-phenylenediamine 

2-Nitrophenyl ether 

p-Nitrophenylhydrazine 

1- (m-Nitrophenyl )-5-oxo-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic 

acid. 

p-(p-Nitrophenylthio)aiiiline 

4-Nitrophthalimide 

3(and 5)-Nitrosalicylic acid 

4.-Nitrosodiphenylamine 

l-Nitroso-2-naphthol 

p-Nitrosophenol 

P-Nitrostyrene 

2-[4-(4-Nitro-2-sulfostyryl)-3-sulfophenyl]-2H- 

naphtho[l,2]triazole-5-sulfonlc acid. 

m-Nitrotoluene 

o-Nitrotoluene 

p-Nitro toluene 



198, 428. 

198, 428. 

267, 400, 460, 507. 

267, 428. 

400, 460, 507. 

313, 400, 463, 507, 567. 

198, 400. 

400. 

428. 

400. 

267, 400, 428, 507, 638. 

400. 

267, 400, 519, 638. 

559. 

267, 638. 

519. 

400. 

428, 507. 

460. 
400. 

400, 507. 

562. 

198, 267, 400, 440, 507, 567. 

400, 638. 

507. 

198, 267, 313, 315, 400, 507, 519, 638. 

122, 567. 

400. 

507. 

267. 

400. 

371, 443, 638. 

267, 400. 

309. 

309. 

309. 

309. 

507. 

443. 

55, 372, 400, 443. 

198. 

507. 
400. 

557. 

400, 638. 

516. 

567. 

562. 

267, 400, 507. 

400. 

507, 638. 

507. 

507. 

507, 638. 

507. 

400. 

557. 

557. 

400, 629. 

198, 267, 400, 507. 

638. 

400. 

125, 400. 

313. 

562. 

400, 638. 

400. 

400. 

507. 

440. 

562. 

125, 267, 400, 507, 567. 

595. 

638. 

400. 

267, 400. 
267, 400. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



75 



TABLE 7B. --Synthetic organic chemicals 
or sales were reported, 



Cyclic intermedi 
identified by mar 



3tes for which United States production 
jfacturer , 7957- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



Nitrotoluene mixtures 

5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonanilide 

3-Nitro-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l] 

»5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonlo acid [S03H=l] 

<♦' -Nitro-p-toluenesulfono-o-toluidide 

5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonyl chloride 

»2-Nitro-p-toluidine [NH2=1] 

3-Nitro-p-toluidine [NH2=1] 

«4-Nitro-o-toluidine [NHjsl] 

5-Nitro-o-toluldine [NH2=1] 

»16-Nitrovlolanthrone 

4-Nitro-m-xylene 

•Nitroxylene mixtures 

2-tert-Nonyl-p-cresol 

Nonyl-dinonyl phenol mixture 

Nonyl- and dodecylbenzenes , mixed 

*Nonyl phenol 

2-(p-Nonylpihenoxy)ethanol 

5-Ootadecylaminoisophthalic acid, dimethyl ester--- 

Octylphenol 

Oxalacetic acid, diethylester, p-sulfophenyl- 

hydrazone . 
6-Oxo-6H-anthr[9,l]isothiazole-3-oarbonyl chloride- 
6-0xo-6H-anthr[9,l]isothiazole-3-carboxylic acid— 
*1- (7-0xo-7H-benz [de] anthraoen-3-ylamino )anthra- 

quinone. 
»l,l'-(7-Oxo-7H-benz[de]anthraoen-3,9-ylenediimino)- 
dianthraquinone. 

*5-0xo-l-phenyl-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid 

*5-0xo-l-(p-sulfophenyl)-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic 
acid (Pyrazolone T) . 

1,1,3,3, 5-Pentamethylindane 

Pentylnaphthalenes, mixed (Amylnaphthalenes ) 

o-Pentylphenol (o-Amyl phenol) 

3,'i,9,10-Perylenetetracarboxylic acid 

3,4,9,10-Perylenetetracarboxylio diimide 

Phenethyl amine 

Phenethyl amine sulfate 

o-Phenetidine 

p-Phenetidine 

»Phenol: 
♦Natural: 

»From coal tar:^ 

U.S.P ■ 

39° C, m.p --- 

»82^8*5^ - 

All other 

»From petroleum 

♦Synthetic : 

By caustic fusion, U.S.P 

From chlorobenzene by liquid- phase hydrolysis: 

U.S.P - 

From chlorobenzene by vapor- phase hydrolysis: 

U.S.P - -■ — — 

♦From cumene 

l-Phenol-2-sulfonic acid 

l-Phenol-'4-s\ilfonio acid 

Phenoxyaoetic acid 

o-Phenoxyaniline 

♦Phenylacetio acid (a-Toluio acid) 

Phenylaoetic acid, ethyl ester, tech 

Phenylacetic acid, methyl ester, tech 

♦Phenylaoetic acid, potassium salt 

Phenylaoetic aold, sodium salt 

♦Phenylaoetonltrile (a-Tolunitrlle) 

4' -Phenylaoetophenone 

Phenylacetyl chloride 

2-Phenylanthr[2,3]oxazole-5,10-dione 

♦p-Phenylazoaniline (p-Aminoazobenzene) and hydro- 
chloride , 

"i-Phenylazo-l-naphthylamine 

4-Phenylazo-2, 5-xylidine hydrochloride 

2-Phenylbutyramide 

2-Phenylbutyrio acid 

N-Phenyldibenzylamine 

N,N'-p-Phenylenebis[acetamide] 

2, 2' -p-Phenylenebis [5-(l-nitro-2-anthraquinonyl )- 
l,3,4-03ladia^ole] . 

»m-Phenylenedl amine 

♦o-Phenylene diamine 

♦p-Phenylene diamine 

p-(Phenylenedioxy)diaoetio acid 

Phenyl ether (Diphenyl oxide) 

See footnote at end of table. 



267, 


400, 


507, 


567. 




507. 










315, 


507, 


567, 


638. 




267, 


400, 


428, 


507, 


638. 


507. 










507. 










-400, 


460, 


500, 


550, 


567. 


460. 










400, 


460, 


507, 


516. 




313, 


400, 


428, 


460, 


463. 


507, 


519, 


567, 


638. 




400, 


507. 








267, 


400, 


567. 






440. 










537. 










454. 










440, 


471, 


507. 






507. 










507. 










471. 










638. 










400. 










400. 










400, 


507, 


559, 


567, 


638. 


267, 


400, 


507, 


519, 


559, 


313, 


4CX, 


507. 






313, 


428, 


507. 






408. 










633. 










633. 










507. 










507. 










539. 










554. 










198, 


400. 








198, 


400, 


428. 







544. 

544, 545, 555, 567. 

544, 555, 611. 

521, 544, 555, 567, 611. 

142, 282, 521. 



198, 


495, 


564. 






236, 


241. 








591. 










269, 


525, 


611. 






120. 










198, 


236. 








236. 










313. 










306, 


335, 


408, 


626. 




335, 


495, 


626. 






335, 


626. 








198, 


262, 


335, 


539. 




626. 










198, 


306, 


335, 


404, 


626. 


507. 










626. 










428, 


507. 








267, 


400, 


428, 


507, 


567, 638 


400. 










400. 










335. 










335. 










400. 










567. 










400. 










28, 


267, 


400, 


507, 


567. 


125:, 


428 


518 


609 


638. 


500, 


550 


567. 






428. 










236. 











76 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



for which United States production 



TABLE TB. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermedi 

or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, J957 - -Cont inued 



*Phenylglycine salts: 

Potassium salt 

Sodium salt 

5-Phenylhydantoln 

Phenylhydrazine 

Phenylhydrazine hydrochloride 

»2,2'-(Phenylimino)diethanol (Phenyldiethanolamine) — 

Phenylmalonic aoid, diethyl ester 

o-Phenylphenol 

p-Phenylphenol 

o-Phenylphenol, chlorinated 

o-Phenylphenol, sodium salt 

N-Phenyl-p-phenylenediamine 

Phenyl-2-propanone 

Phenyl, 2-pyridyl ketone 

Phenyl, -i-pyridyl ketone 

Phenyltetramer 

Phenyl thioacetio acid 

Phloroglucinol 

*Phthalio aold 

Phthalic acid, disodlum salt 

*Phthalio anhydride 

»Phthalio anhydride residue 

Phthalide 

»Phthalimide 

Phthalocyanine, iron derivative 

Phthalonitrile 

Phthaloyl chloride (Phthalyl chloride) 

»Picolines : ^ 

»2-Plooline (a-Piooline) 

3-Picoline (p-Picoline) 

4-Picoline (y-Piooline) 

Picoline ( 3 , 4-mixture ) 

Picramic acid and salt 

Picric acid (Trinitrophenol) 

2-Pipecoline (a-Pipecoline) 

Piperazine mixture 

*Piperidine 

Polyohlorobiphenyl 

Polydodecylhenzene 

Polyethylbenzene (SO^t Diethylbenzene) 

Polymethylene polyphenylisocyanate 

Polypentadecylbenzene 

Primuline base 

Prlmulinesulfonio acid 

Propiophenone 

Purpurin (l,2,i-Trihydroxyanthraquinone) 

Pyrene 

Pyridine, refined :■■• 

»2° Pyridine 

Other grades 

3-Pyridinol 

'♦'-(PyTimidinylsulfamoyl)acetanilide 

Pyrrolidine 

2-Pyrrolidinone 

«Qainaldine 

*!Quinizarin 



2-Quinizarinsulfonic acid 

Quinoline : 

Quinoline, 1° and 2 

Other grades 

2,'4-Quinollnediol 

Quinoline yellow, base 

(Juinophthalone 

Quinoxaline 

Resorolnol, tech 

Resorcinol, monoacetate 

Resoroinol, monobenzoate 

Resorcinol, monomethyl ether 

Resorcinol, phenethyl ether 

P -Resorcylaldehyde 

P-Resorcylio acid 

»Salioylic acid, tech 

Salicylic acid, ammonium chromium complex 

Salioylideneamlnoguanldine sulfate 

Sodium phenoxide 

Styphnlc acid, lead salt 

»Styrene 

4'-Sulfamoylacetanilide 

5-Sulfamoylanthranilic acid 

Sulfanllio acid (p-Amlnobenzoic acid) and salt- 
A-Sulfoanthranllic acid 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



236. 

267, <iOO. 

516. 

236. 

<iOO, 507, 577. 

400, 428, 557, 566, 638. 

335. 

236, 517. 

236. 

236. 

236. 

400, 507. 

304, 578. 

544. 

544. 

449. 

253. 

609. 

306, 507, 518. 

518. 

198, 267, 308, 387, 500, 525, 564, 567, 611. 

500, 525, 611. 

125, 267. 

236, 267, 400, 507, 518, 595. 

400. 

400, 611. 

198. 

555, 566, 611. 

544. 

54A, 566. 

544, 555, 611. 

267, 400. 

267, 288, 400. 

481. 

537. 

198, 400, 4^3, 544, 642. 

198. 

506. 
387. 

595. 

506. 

267, 400. 

530. 

387, 428, 626. 

507. 

507. 

544, 555, 611. 

544, 555. 

327. 

567. 

31. 

507. 

267, 400, 567. 

251, 267, 315, 400, 428, 463, 507, 519, 557, 

567, 595, 636, 638. 
378, 550. 

555, 611. 

125, 562. 

400. 

267, 567. 

400. 

125. 

387. 

428. 

428. 

428. 

428. 

507. 

567, X. 

198, 236, 372, 479. 

638. 

400. 

400, 577. 

48. 

194, 198, 236, 387, 469, 566, 590. 

567. 

638. 

267, 567. 

313, 315, 507, 638. 



See footnote at end of table. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



77 



TABLE 7B. --Synthetic orHanic 



chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States producti 
reported, identified by manufacturer, i957- -Continued 



Manufacturers ' Identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



o-Sulfobenzolc anhydride 

<l,<i'-Sulfonyldlphenol (Aj-i'-Dihydroxydiphenylsulfone) 

<i-Sulfophthalic acid 

i-Sulfophthalic anhydride, potassium salt '■ 

Terephthalic acid 

Terephthalio acid, dihydrazide 

Terephthalic acid, dimethyl ester 

Terephthalio acid, ethyl, propyl ester 

1,1' -Terephthaloylbis[2-(l-amino-2-anthraquinone- 
carbonyl)hyrazine] . 

Terephthaloyldiacetate, diethyl ester 

Terphenyl ( Phenylbiphenyl) 

«Tetrabromo-8,16-pyranthrenedione 

*l,<4,5,8-Tetrachloroanthraquinone 

■»l,2,<V,5-Tetrachloroben2ene 

Tetraohloronitrobenzene 

1,3,6,8-TetrachloropjTene 

a,a,2,6-Tetrachlorotoluene 

Tetraohloro- and trichlorobenzene , mixed 

Tetrahydrofuran 

Tetrahydrofuran polymer 

TetraMsaminophthalocyanine, copper salt 

»l,'i,5,8-Tetra]iis[l',l",l"'»l""-anthraquinonyl- 
amino] anthraquinone (Pentaanthramide) . 

Tetranitrophthalocyanine, copper salt 

2-(2-Thenylideneamino)pyTidine 

Thiamine hydrobromide 

3,3'-Thiobis-7H-benz[de]anthracen-7-one 

4-,4'-Thiodianiline 

4,'i'-Thiodianiline sulfate 

6,6'-Thiodiraetam.lio acid 

<i,<l'-Thiodiresorcinol 

2-Thiophenecarboxaldehyde 

Thiophenol 

o-Tolidine and salts 

m-Tolidine dihydroohloride 

o-Tolidine hydrochloride 

*Toluene-2,4-diamine (-i-m-Tolylenediamine) 

Toluene-2,4-disulfonie acid 

o-Toluenesulfonamide 

o(and p) -Toluenesulf onamide 

p-Toluenesulfonamlde 

o(and p) -Toluenesulf onic acid 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid, anhydrous 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid, ethyl ester 

p-Toluenesulfonlc acid, isopropyl ester 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid, methyl ester 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid monohydrate 

p-Toluenesulfonio acid, potassium salt 

p-Toluenesulfono-o-toluidide 

o-Toluenesulfonyl chloride 

p-Toluenesulfonyl chloride 

p-Toluhydroquinone (Methylhydroquinone) 

o-Toluic acid 

m-Toluidine 

o-Toluidine 

p-Toluidine 

Toluidines, mixed 

m-Toluidinomethanesulfonic acid 

o-Toluidinomethanesulfonio acid 

8-(p-Toluidino)-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

2-(p-Toluidino)-5-nitrobenzenesulfonio acid 

l-(o-Toluldino)-2-propanol 

o-Tolunitrile 

o-(p-Toluoyl)ben2oic acid 

*4- ( o-Tolylazo ) -o-toluidine ( o-Amlnoazotoluene ) 

4-(o-Tolylazo)-o-toluidine (o-Aminoazotoluene) , 
hydrochloride , 

4- (o-Tolylazo) -o-toluidine, sulfate 

o-(p-Tolyl)benzoic acid 

*2,2'-(m-Tolylimino)diethanol 

[3-(p-Tolyl)-l-methyltriazen-3-yl] acetic acid 

2,4,6-Tribromophenol 

»l,2,3(and 1,2,4) -Triohlorobenzener 

1,2,4-Irichlorobenzene 

Trlchlorocyclohexylsilane 

l,2,4-Triohloro-5-nitrobenzene 

3,4,6-Tri.chloio-2-nltropheiiol 

Trichlorqphenylsilane 

*a,a,a-Triehlorotolueue (Benzotri chloride ) 

a,2,4(anda ,2,6)-Triclilai?otoluene 

a,3,4-Trichlorotoluene- 

l,3,5-Triohloro-3-trla»lne-2,4,6(lH,3H,5H)-trione 

1,3,5-Trlethylbenzeiie— 



120, 198, 507. 






595. 






400. 






400, 525. 






400. 






269, 400. 






428. 






400. 






507. 






193. 






267, 507, 638. 






267, 400, 507. 






198, 236, 443. 






460. 






638. 






400. 






591. 






400. 






400. 






400. 






267, 400, 507, 


559. 




400. 






516. 






642. 






400, 507, 559. 






567. 






400. 






267. 






334. 






516. 






253. 






267, 400, 595. 






595. 






400, 638. 






267, 288, 400, 


507, 567, 574, 638 


507, 638. 






55, 198. 






567. 






198. 






120, 198, 500, 


653. 




106. 






629. 






400. 






198, 559, 629. 






120. 






428. 






400, 507. 






198. 






198. 






557. 






590. 






267, 400, 428, 


507. 




267, 400, 428. 






267, 400. 






567. 






313. 






267. 






267, 507. 






638. 






557. 






345. 






400, 567. 






267, 400, 507, 


567, 638. 




428. 






400. 






267. 






428, 507, 557, 


638. 




507. 






236. 






236, 570, 633 






198, 443. 






332. 






428, 507. 






638. 






332. 






345, 443, 479 






335, 479. 






479. 






198. 






400. 







78 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 

TABLE 7B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which United States production 
or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , i957- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



a,a, a-Trifluoro-m-toluidine 

2,4,5-Trimethylaniline (Pseudocumidine) 

1,3,3-Triinethyl-A^'^-indolineacetaldehyde 

l,3,3-Trimethyl-2-methyleneindoline 

2,3,3-Trimethyl-3H-pseudoindole 

2,4,6-Trinitroben2oic acid 

2, "ije-TrisCdimethylaminomethyl) phenol 

3,3'-Ureylenebls(<4-methoxybenzenesulfonic acid) 
«6,6'-Ureylenebls[l-naphthol-3-sulfonio acid] 
(J acid urea) . 

*Veratraldehyde (3,'»-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde) 

Veratrole 

9-Vinylcarbazole 

4-Vinyl-l-oyolotiexene 

5-Vinyl-2-picoline (MVP) — 

2-Vinylpyridine 

4-Vinylpyridine 

»Violanthrone ( Dibenzanthrone ) 

9-Xantheneoarboxyllc acid 

m- Xylene 

o-)^lene 

»p-Xylene 

Xylenesulfonlc acid 

Xylenol crystals 

Xylenols : 

Low b.p 

Medium b.p 

Not classified as to b.p 

Xylidines : 

*2,4-)(ylldine- - - - 

»2, 5-Xylidine 

<to,p-Xylidines, mixed 

**Original mixture 

2,'4-Xylidine acetate 

2,5-}^lidine hydrochloride 

i-(2,'i-Xylylazo)-o-toluidine 

4-(2,5-Xylylazo)-o-toluidine 

<t-(2,4-Xylylazo)-2,5-xylidine -- 

All other intermediates 



628. 
















267. 
















400, 


507. 














400, 


507. 














507. 
















609. 
















471. 
















400. 
















207, 


267, 


313, 


315, 


400, 


507, 


529, 


530, 567, 574, 638 


171, 


198, 


309, 


408. 










198. 
















507. 
















499. 
















499. 
















544. 
















544. 
















400, 


428, 


507, 


519, 


530, 


559, 


567, 


638. 


495. 
















408, 


525. 














362, 


525. 














194, 


362, 


408, 


525, 


615. 








55, 


120. 














611. 
















142, 


521. 














142, 


308, 


521. 












544, 


567. 














400, 


507. 














267, 


400, 


507. 












567. 
















267, 


400, 


567. 












567. 
















267. 
















267. 
















567. 
















267, 


428. 














251. 

















^ Does not Include manufacturer's identification numbers for producers that rejxjrt to the Division of Bitu- 
minous Coal, U. S. Bureau of Minos. These producers are listed in U. S. Bureau of Mines, Directory of Oven- 
Colce Plants in the United States, December 31, 1957, Information Circular No. 7861, Issued September 1958. 



DYES 



79 



TABLE SB. '-Synthetic organic chemicalsf Coal-tar dyes for which United States production or sales were 
reported^,- identified by manufacturer, 1957 

[Dyes for which separate statistics are glvSh in table 8A are marked below with an asterisk (») ; dyes not 
so marked do not appear in table 8A because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be 
published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from table 27. An X signifies that 
the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number with the designated 
product] 




DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER 



Dyes 



Naphthol green B 

Nitro Dye 
Naphthol yellow S 



420 Dyes 

Monoazo Dyes 

Spirit yellow G 

Acid yellow G 

■"■Spirit yellow R 

■KOil yellow 

«Chrysoidine Y 

»Chiy30idine R 

■"■Sudan I 

Croceine orange G 

*Orange G 

Chromotrope 2R 

Fast acid fuchsine B 

■"Amido naphthol red G 

Brilliant sulphon red 

■"Chrome yellow 2G 

»Chrome yellow R 

Fast red 2G salt 

Azo alizarin yellow GP 

Victoria violet ABS- 

Chromotrope 6B 

»Amido naphthol red 6B 

Fibre black V 

»Fast scarlet G base 

»Faet scarlet G salt 

■"Fast red GL base 

»Fast red GL salt 

♦Sudan II 

»Ponceau R 

Double ponceau 

■"Fast red B 

Chromotrope lOB 

■"Chrome brown R 

Chrome green 2G 

Chromate brown B 

Acid chrome brown R^ 

Chrome flavine G 

Sudan R 

■"Azo eosine G 

Fast red B base 

♦Fast red B salt 

»Fast scarlet R base 

■"■Fast scarlet R salt 

Direct pink 2GN 

Direct pink : 

Smoke red 

♦Metauil yellow 

Methyl orange 

♦Azoflavlne RS 

Azo yellow 

Resorcin yellow 

♦Orange II 

♦Grange R 

Pigment rublne B 

Acid chrcme brown B 

Acid chrome garnet R 

Acid chrome ■violet N 

Chrome black PV 

Naphthylamlne brown 

♦Fast red A 

♦Azo rublne 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



507, 567. 



2b7, 567. 



507, 


567. 












567. 














267, 


400, 


405, 


428, 


507, 


567. 




267, 


378, 


400, 


405, 


428, 


507, 


567. 


267, 


400, 


507, 


567. 








267, 


507, 


567. 










267, 


378, 


400, 


405, 


428, 


507, 


567, 638. 


267. 














267, 


400, 


460, 


507, 


529, 


567, 


638. 


267. 














267, 


428, 


447. 










267, 


313, 


400, 


428, 


4A7, 


460, 


507, 567, 574, 


638. 












267, 


447. 












28, 


428, 


507, 


567, 


638. 






267, 


428, 


507, 


567, 


638. 






428, 


507. 












267, 


638. 












267, 


400, 


638. 










267, 


638. 












267, 


400, 


428, 


460, 


507, 


567, 


574, 638. 


638. 














400, 


428, 


460. 










428, 


507, 


631. 










313, 


400, 


460, 


507, 


614. 






267, 


313, 


428, 


460, 


507, 


614, 


631. 


267, 


405, 


428, 


507, 


567. 






267, 


400, 


507, 


529, 


567, 


638. 




507, 


638. 












267, 


507, 


567, 


638. 








400. 














28, 


267, 


400, 


507, 


638. 






507. 














28. 














28, 


400. 












28, 


507. 












405. 














313, 


315, 


400, 


447, 


507, 


529, 


638. 


400, 


460, 


507, 


519. 








267, 


313, 


428, 


460, 


507, 


519, 


631. 


267, 


428, 


507, 


567, 


614, 


631. 




267, 


313, 


400, 


428, 


460, 


507, 


519, 6U, 631 


530. 














267, 


507, 


530. 










507. 














267, 


400, 


460, 


507, 


638. 






460, 


529. 












207, 


267, 


507, 


638. 








267, 


428. 












267. 














267, 


428, 


447, 


507, 


529, 


567, 


638. 


267, 


400, 


507, 


567, 


638. 






400. 














267 














267, 


507, 


638. 










28, 


267. 












267 


507, 


638 










507 














267 


400, 


507, 


567, 


638. 






267, 


400, 


460, 


507, 


529, 


638. 





80 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1937 

TABLE 8B. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which Ur,ited States product i or, or sales were 
reported, identified by manu facturer . 19S7 --Cor^tmued 



Colour 
Index or 
proto- 
type No. 



180 
183 
184 
185 
195 
197 
201 
202 
203 
204 
208 
209 
216 
219 
225 



234 
235 
238 
246 
247 
252 
253 
258 
262 
267 
274 
275 
278 



289 
292 
294 
299 

302 

304 

305 

307 

308 

317 

319 

324a 

325 

326 

327 
331 
332 
343 
346 
349 
353 
364 
365 
370 
375 
376 
377 
382 
387 
•393 
394 
395 
400 
401 

403 
405 
406 
411 
415 



Dye 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER— Continued 



Monoazo Dyes — Continued 



Fast red VH 

Croceine scarlet 3BX- 

Amaranth 

^Cochineal red A 

*Mordant yellow 

*Chrome yellow RN 

Chrome blue black B-- 
*Chrome blue black R — 

*Chrome black T 

Chrone black A 

Fast acid blue R 

Fast acid blue B 

*Acid chrome red B 

*Chrome flavine A 

Direct pink 2B 



»Resoroin brown 

*Resorcin dark brown — 

Chrome brown G 

»Acid black lOB 

kAzo dark green A 

^Brilliant croceine M- 

Ponceau SS ex 

Sudan IV 

*Cloth red B 

Neutral gray G 

ifMilllng orange 

*Cloth scarlet G 

^Direct fast red 8BL — 



Scarlet EC 

Fast acid cyanine G 

*Fast acid cyanine 5R ex 

Acid chrome verdone A 

Aoid black B 

»Acid chrome black F 

Acid chrome green SS 

*Fast acid black 2BN 

Fast acid black R 

*Fast aoid cyanine black B- 

Naphthylamine black D 

Developed blue B 

»Direct fast heliotrope 

Rosanthrene 

Direct brilliant violet — 
Direct fast scarlet 



^Direct fast scarlet 4BA 

■»Bismarck brown G 

■fBismarck brown R 

*Chrome fast yellow C 

*Direot fast yellow 5GL 

Direct fast yellow 4GL ex- 

»Dlreot fast pink 2BL 

*Brilliant yellow 

*Chrysophenine G 

*Congo red 

*Congo corinth G 

Congo rubine 

Direct orange G 

^Direct scarlet B 

Direct violet B 

Benzo violet . 

»Direct violet N 

Direct black RO 

Direct brilliant Bordeaux 
■»Developed black BH 



Diphenyl fast gray B- 
Direot cyanine R 

"■Direct blue 2B 

Cresotine yellow G 

►^Direct orange R 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



267, 507, 638. 

638. 

267, 638. 

267, 460, 507, 567, 638. 

267, 507, 638. 

267, 507, 638. 

267, 507, 638. 

267, 400, 507, 567, 638. 

207, 267, 315, 507, 529, 638. 

267, 507, 638. 

267, 507. 

267. 

267, 507, 567, 636, 638. 

267, 400, 507, 638. 

400. 



267, 


400, 


428, 


447, 


507, 


567, 


638. 




267, 


400, 


428, 


447, 


460, 


507, 


567, 


638. 


267, 


400. 














267, 


400, 


428, 


447, 


460, 


507, 


529, 


567, 638 


267, 


313, 


400, 


529, 


638. 








267, 


400, 


460, 


507, 


529, 


567, 


638. 




267. 
















267, 


378, 


400, 


638. 










267, 


507, 


638. 












400. 
















507, 


567, 


638. 












428, 


447, 


567, 


638. 










207, 


267, 


313, 


315, 


400, 


402, 


428, 


447, 507 


529, 530, 567, 574, 638. 






267, 


428, 


507. 












267, 


507. 














267, 


315, 


400, 


507. 










267. 
















267. 
















267, 


507, 


638. 












567. 
















267, 


400, 


638. 













267, 400, 507, 567. 

507. 

267, 507, 638. 

267, 313, 400, 638. 

313, 400. 

530. 

122, 207, 267, 313, 315, 400, 402, 428, 507, 

529, 567, 638. 
207, 313, 400, 507, 567, 638. 
267, 400, 507, 567, 638. 
267, 400, 507, 567, 638. 
267, 400, 567. 

207, 267, 400, 402, 507, 530, 574. 
315. 

267, 313, 315, 400, 507, 567. 
207, 267, 400, 507, 567, 638. 
207, 267, 400, 507, 638. 
267, 400, 529, 638. 
267, 428, 447, 507, 529, 567, 638. 
402. 
267. 

207, 267, 402, 428, 447, 507, 567, 638. 
267, 400. 
507. 

267, 400, 428, 507, 638. 
529. 
267. 
207, 267, 400, 428, 447, 507, 529, 530, 567, 

574, 638. 
638. 
267. 

267, 400, 428, 447, 507, 529, 567, 574, 638. 
267, 638. 
267, 400, 507, 638. 



DYES 



81 



TABLE 8B. --Synthetic 



s; Cnnl-tar dye 
lirnti fipcl by mfl 



which United States product ion or 
turer, 7957- -Con t imieii 



635 
639 
640 
642 
652 
653 



Dye 



HfES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER— Continued 



Azo Oycs-'Contlnufid 
Disazo Dyes- -Continued 



wDireot fast red 
Direct brown M-- 



F 



Direct brown B- 
^Polar red 



Acid chrome red 

Direct brilliant red 8B 
Chrome fast yellow RD— 

^Milling red G 

Direct orange R 

*Benzopurpurine <4B 

Direct blue 3R 

*Benzo nev/ blue 5B 

Direct blue AR 

Direct blue BX 

*Direct blue 3B 

»Direct orange G 

»Acid anthracene red 3B- 

Benzopurpurine lOB 

Fast blue B base 

»Fast blue B salt 

^Direct azurine G 

Direct brilliant blue G 

»Direot blue RW 

Direct blue B 

^Direct sky blue FF 



»Direct pure blue- 



Trisazo Dyes 



»Direct fast blue PR— 
*Direct fast blaoK FF- 

Diazo blue black RS — 
*Direct brown BT 

Direct fast blue B 

*Direct black EW 



*Direot black RX 

*Direct green ET 

»Chloramine green B- 

»Direot green B 

Direct green G 

Direct olive G 

»Direct brown 3G0 — 

*Congo brown G 

Congo brown R 



Tetrakisazo Dyes 



Direct brown G 

Naphthamine fast black RS- 



ilbe 



*Direct yellow R 

»Chloramlne orange G — 

»Stilbene yellow 

Diphenyl orange EH 

Diphenyl oateohine G- 
Diphenyl chrysoine G- 



PyrazoU 



»Fast light yellow G- 
*Xylene light yellow- 

*Tartrazine 

*Polar yellow 

■»Chrome red B 

»Pyrazol orange 



Ketonimine Dye 



Manufacturers' Identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



207, 267, 400, 428, 447, 507, 529, 574, 638. 
207, 267, 315, 400, 402, 428, 447, 507, 529, 

567, 574, 638. 
447, 567, 638. 
207, 267, 313, 315, 400, 402, 447, 507, 529, 

567, 574, 638. 
400. 

529, 638. 
267, 313. 

313, 428, 507, 567, 574, 638. 
267, 428. 
267, 400, 638. 
400. 

267, 400, 447, 507, 529, 638. 
267, 638. 
267, 638. 

257, 400, 529, 638. 
267, 428, 638. 
267, 428, 507, 567, 638. 
267, 400, 447. 
267, 400, 460, 507, X. 
267, 313, 428, 460, 507, 529, 614. 
207, 267, 400, 428, 447, 507, 529, 567, 638. 
400. 

207, 267, 400, 428, 507, 638. 
400, 638. 
207, 267, 313, 315, 400, 428, 447, 507, 529, 

530, 557, 574, 638. 
207, 267, 400, 507, 529, 638. 



400, 428, 529, 574, 638. 

207, 267, 400, 507, 638. 

267. 

267, 400, 402, 428, 447, 507, 574, 638. 

638. 

207, 267, 400, 428, 447, 507, 530, 557, 574, 

638. 

207, 257, 400, 447, 507, 

207, 257, 400, 428, 447, 

267, 400, 447, 638. 

207, 267, 400, 428, 447, 507, 567, 638. 

267, 4^7, 538. 
507. 

207, 267, 400, 447, 507, 567, 

267, 400, 428, 507, 529, 638. 
400. 



557, 638. 
507, 567, 638. 



638. 



447, 507. 
529. 



267, 400, 507, 567, 638. 

257, 400, 507, 557. 

267, 400, 507, 567, 638. 

538. 

267. 

638. 



267, 313, 400, 507. 

267, 313, 315, 400, 460, 507, 567, 538. 

207, 257, 313, 428, 450, 507, 567, 574, 538. 

257, 313, 507, 638. 

28, 267, 313, 315, 400, 507, 567, 638. 

207, 267, 313, 315, 402, 428, 507, 574, 638. 



267, 400, 567. 



82 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



dyes for which United States production or sales 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-ta 

reported, identified by manufacturer, I957--Contin 



657 
658 
662 
663 
666 
667 
670 
671 
672 
673 
676 
677 
678 
680 
681 
682 
683 
689 
695 
696 
697 
698 
699 
704 
705 
706 
707 
714 
720 
722 
728 
729 
735 
737 



748 
749 
749 
752 
758 
766 
766 
767 
768 
768 
771 
773 
778 
779 



788 
789 
793 
797 



800 
801 
802 



812 
813 
814 
815 



833 
841 




Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



»Malachite green- 

*Rhoduline blue 60- 

»Brilliant green 
Setocyanlne 

»Aoid green B 

*Fast acid green B- 
Acid light green- 

■»Acid glaucine blue 
Xylene blue VS 
Xylene blue AS- 
Para fuchsine 
Magenta- 
New fuchsine 

»Methyl violet B and base- 

»Crystal violet 

*Ethyl violet 
Benzyl violet 
Spirit blue 23- 
Acid violet 4BN 
Fast acid violet lOB 
Wool violet 

*Acid violet- 
Acid fast violet BG- 
AUcali blue- 
Methyl blue 
Methyl cotton blue 
Soluble blue 
Patent blue A- 
*Acid chrome azurol B- 
*Aoid chrome cyanine R- 

Viotoria blue R- 
»Victoria blue B- 
*Naphthalene green V- 
*Wool green S 



267, 460, 507, 567. 

267, 460, 507. 

267, 400, 460, 507, 567. 

267, 400, 507. 

313, 400, 460, 507, 567, 638. 

313, 400, 460, 507, 567. 

313, 460, 507, 567. 

507. 

507. 

498, 567. 

500, 567. 

267, 507, 567. 
267, 400, 460, 507. 
267, 400, 507. 



Xylene red B 

Hhodamine B, 20^- 

Rhodamine B cone, lOOjt 

Hhodamine 6G cone, 100^ 

Fast acid violet A2R 

^Fluorescein 

Uranlne (Fluorescein, alkali salt) 

Tetraohlorofluoresoein 

Eosine G (Tetrabromofluoresoein, aliali salt)- 

Tetrabromofluoresoein 

Dinitrodibromofluoresoein 

Erythrosine bluish 

Phloxlne B 

Rose bengale B 



Dye 



Aoridine orange NO 

Brilliant phosphine G- 

Phosphine 

Euohiysine 2G 



638. 
460. 
507, 567, 638. 



400, 428, 507, 638. 

313, 400, 507, 529, 638. 

400. 

267, 400, 460, 507. 

400, 460, 507, 567, 638. 

460, 507, 567. 



507. 

400. 

507, 567. 

400, 507. 

7, 267. 

267, 460, 475, 498. 

460, 498. 

7. 

498. 

267, 460, 498, 541. 

460. 

498. 

460, 498. 

498. 



267, 313, 507. 
313. 

267, 567. 
313. 



Quinolinc Oy<!s 

Quinoline yellow, spirit-soluble- 

»Quinoline yellow 

Quinoline yellow KT 



Thiazole Dye 



»Primuline 

Direct pure yellow M 

-»Dlreot fast yellow 

Thioflavine T 

Direct brilliant flavine S- 

Azine Dyes 



267, 567. 

267, 400, 507, 567. 

400, 507. 



267, 400, 530, 638. 

400. 

267, 400, 507, 530, 638. 

400. 

530. 



267, 507, 638. 



-»Wool fast blue 

«Safranine - — '267, 400, 460, 507. 



DYES 



83 



TABLE 8B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States production 
reported, identified by manufacturer , 2957--Continued 




Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR IMJEX NUMBER--Continiied 
Azine Dyes--Continued 

Methylene violet 

Acid cyanine 

Induline, spirit-soluble 

Induline, water-soluble 

Nigrosine, spirit-soluble 

Nigrosine, water-soluble 

Aniline Black and Allied Dyes 

Diphenyl black base 

New fast gray 

Fur black 

Oxazine Dyes 

New blue R 

Nile blue A 

Thiazine Dyes 

"^Methylene blue 

Methylene green B 

Brilliant chrome blue 

Sulfur or Sulfide Dyes 
Derivatives of Carbazole 



Immedlal yellow D 

Carbazole vat blue R- 



Other Sulfur or Sulfide Dyes 



Sulfur 
Sulfur 
Sulfur 
Sulfur 
»Sulfur 
»SulfUr 
Sulfur 
Sulfur 
Sulfur 



black- - 

blue 

brown- 
green — 
maroon- 
olive — 
orange - 

tan 

yellow- 



Anthraquinone Dye 



Alizarin VI 

»Alizarin red S 

Alizarin brown 

»Acid alizarin blue SE 

»Acid alizarin blue B 

Anthracene blue WR 

»Allzarin irisol R 

Alizarin astrol B 

Cyananthrol R 

Cyananthrol G 

»Alizarln cyanine green 

Acid anthraquinone violet 

»Anthraqulnone blue black B 

«Aold anthraquinone sky blue B- 

Anthraquinone blue SR 

Acid alizarin rubine 



Anthraqui 



Vat Dyes 



♦Anthraquinone 

♦Anthraquinone 

♦Anthraquinone 

»Vat navy blue 

♦Anthraquinone 

♦Anthraquinone 

♦Anthraquinone 

Anthraquinone 

Anthraquinone 

♦Anthraquinone 

♦Anthraquinone 

Anthraquinone 

Anthraquinone 



vat golden orange G, 12^- 
vat scarlet G, 16-2/3^— 
vat dark blue BO, 25^ 



NTP- 

vat jade green, 6^ 

vat green B and black B, 12-3/2^- 

vat violet 2R, 12-l/2^ 

vat blue RS, lO^t 

vat blue 3G, 10^ 

vat blue GCS, 8-l/35t 

vat blue GCD, 8-1/3^ 

vat yellow G, 12-l/2^ 

vat yellow GK, 12-j/Zf, 



267. 






507. 






267, 


567. 




267, 


507, 


567. 


267, 


507, 


567. 


267, 


507, 


567. 


567. 






567. 






567. 






267, 


567. 




507. 






267, 


460, 


507, 567 


567. 






507. 







267, 288, 400, 507, 567. 

267, 288, 400, 418, 507, 567, 638. 

267, 288, 400, 418, 507, 567. 

267, 288, 400, 418, 507, 567. 

267, 400, 507, 567. 

267, 288, 400, 418, 507, 567. 

267. 

288, 400, 418. 

267, 288, 400, 418, 507, 567. 



267, 
267, 
636. 
267, 
267, 
315. 
400, 
507, 
400, 
559. 
267, 
267, 
267, 
251, 
559. 
507, 



267, 
267, 
267, 
400, 
267, 
267, 
267, 
400, 
400. 
267, 
267, 
267, 
267, 



428, 567. 

313, 428, 507, 559, 567. 

507, 567, 638. 

315, 400, 507, 567, 638. 

428, 559, 636. 

559. 

559. 

315, 400, 428, 507, 559, 567, 636, 638. 

559. 

428, 507, 559, 636, 638. 

267, 400, 507, 559. 

559. 



315, 400, 428, 507, 559, 567, 638. 

315, 400, 428, 507, 559, 567, 638. 

400, 428, 519, 530, 559, 567, 638. 

428, 507, 519, 530, 559, 567, 638. 

400, 428, 507, 519, 559, 567, 638. 

288, 400, 428, 507, 519, 530, 567, 638. 

400, 507, 519, 559, 567, 638. 

507, 567, 638. 

400, 507, 567, 638. 

313, 400, '428, 507, 559, 567, 638. 

400. 

400, 428. 



84 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, I957 



TABLE 8B.'-Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer , 1957- -Continued 



Colour 
Index or 
proto- 
type No. 



1135 
1150 
1151 
1152 
1161 
1162 
1163 
1167 
1170 
1173 



1177 
1178 
1180 
1183 
118A 
1185 
1207 
1212 
1217 



Dye 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUH INDEX NUMBER— Continued 



Anthraqvii 



Vat Dyes--Contlnued 



Anthraquinone vat brilliant violet RK, 12-l/Z'fr- 

»Anthraquinone vat olive R, 12-1/2$ 

*Anthraquinone vat "brovm R, 12-l/2^ 

*Antliraquinone vat trown G, 12-2/2'^ 

Anthraquinone vat red violet RRN, 12-1/2^ 

Anthraquinone vat red BN, ex., 12-1/2^ 

»Anthraquinone vat violet BN, 25$ 

Anthraquinone vat olive G 

Anthraquinone vat yellow R, 12-1/2^ 

Anthraquinone vat blue 3G, 12-l/2$ 



Indigoid and Thi 



id Dye 



*Indigo, synthetic, 20^ 

Indigo, white, 20^ 

Indigotin lA 

Tribromindigo RB, 205^ 

»Bromindigo blue 2BD, 16$- 

Indigo blue 6B 

Ciba pink B, 20$ 

*Vat red 3B, 20$ 

»Vat orange R, 10$ 



Food, Drug, and Cos 



Dye 



Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Colors 



*Blue #1 

Blue # 1, aluminum lake 

■»Blue #2 

Green #1, #2 

Green #3 

Orange #1 

»Red #1 

»Red #2 

*Red #3 

Red #3, aluminum lake 

»Red #4 

Red #32 

Violet #1 

Yellow #1 

*Yellow #3, #>; 

»Yellow #5, #6— 

Yellow #5, aluminum lake- 



Drug and Cosmetic Colors 



Black #1 

Blue #1 

Blue #4, # 9 

Blue #6 

Brown #1 

Green #1, #8 

Green #5, #6 

Green #7- 

Orange #1 

Orange #3 

»Orange #4 

»Orange #5 

Orange #15 

Orange #17 

Red #1, #30 

Red #2, #8, #10, #35 

Red #3 

Red #5, #28 

Red #6 

«Red #7, #21, #34, #36- 

Red #9, #11, #12, #13, #31— 
Red #14 

»Red #19 

Red #22 

Red #27 

Red #17, #18, #33, #37, #39- 

Vlolet #1 

Violet #2 

Yellow #1, #10, #11 

»Yellow #5 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



400, 507. 

267, 315, 400, 428, 507, 519, 559, 567, 638. 

267, 400, 428, 507, 519, 559, 567, 638. 

267, 400, 428, 519, 559, 567, 638. 

267, 400. 

267, 507, 638. 

267, 400, 507, 559, 638. 

530. 

400, 530. 

267, 428, 530. 



236, 267, 400, 507. 

559. 

267, 400. 

236, 267, 400. 

89, 236, 267, 313, 400, 507, 559, 567. 

507. 

89, 519. 

89, 267, 313, 400, 507, 567. 

89, 267, 400, 428, 507, 567. 



123, 
127. 
123, 
218, 
218. 
127, 
123, 
119, 
119, 
127. 
119, 
267. 
267. 
127, 
127, 
119, 
127. 



127, 218, 267, 460. 

127, 267, 460. 
267, 460. 

267. 

127, 267, 460. 

123, 127, 218, 267, 460. 

123, 127, 267, 460. 

127, 218, 267, 460. 



460. 

267, 361, 460. 

123, 127, 218, 267, 460. 



267. 
127. 
267. 
127, 
267. 
127. 
267, 
267. 
127. 
127, 
127, 
127, 
475. 
127, 
127. 
127, 
127, 
127, 
475. 
127, 
127, 
567. 
127, 
267, 
472, 
267. 
127. 
267. 
127, 
127, 



267. 

267, 475. 
267, 472, 475. 



475. 
472. 
267. 

472, 475. 
472, 475. 

267, 460, 472, 475. 

460. 

475. 



267. 
472, 475. 



DYES 



85 



TABLE 8B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United State 
reported, identified by manufacturer, i957--Contir 



: production or sales were 
jeH 



Dye 



DYES GROUPED BY COLOUR INDEX NUMBER— Continued 
Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Oyes--Con tlnued 

Drug and Cosmetic Colors — Continued 



Yellow # 6- 
Yellow #7- 
Yellow #8- 



Drug and Cosmetic Dyes, External 



Black #1 

Green #1 

Orange #1, #3 

Red #1, #8, #10, #11, #18- 

Red #2 

Red #13 

Violet #2-— 

Yellow #1, #3 

Yellow #5 



DYES GROUPED BY PROTOTYPE NUMBER 



»Aoid alizarin flavine R 

Acid antliraoene brown B 

»Acid anthracene brown PG 

Acid chrome blue 2R 

»Algol yellow GC 

*Alizarin direct blue A2G 

Alizarin direct blue AR 

»Alizarin supra blue A 

Alkali fast green lOG 

^Anthracene ohromate brown EB- 

»Artificial silk black G 

^Benzo Bordeaux 6B 

»Benzo chrome black blue B 

■»*-Benzo copper blue B 

*Benzo fast black L 

»Benzo fast blue 4GL 

»Benzo fast blue 8GL 

Benzo fast brown 3GL 

»Benzo red 12B 

Benzo rhoduline red B 

Benzo rhoduline red 3B 

Brilliant acid blue 3B 

»Brilliant benzo violet B 

Brilliant milling blue B 

Brilliant wool blue FEB 

»Brilliant wool blue FFR 

Cellitazol AZ 

»Celliton orange GR 

Chlorantine fast blue 2GL 

*Chlorantine fast brown BRl--- 



♦Chlorantine fast yellow 4GL 

*Chlorantine fast yellow RX 

Chrome yellow G 

Cibaoete diazo black B 

Cibaoete diazo black W 

Clbacete diazo black J 

♦Cibaoete sapphire blue G 

Cibacete scarlet G 

Cotton black 3G 

Cross dye green B- 

♦Diamine Bordeaux B 

Diamine catechine B 

Diamine catechine G 

♦Diamine catechine 3G 

♦Diamine fast blue FEB 

♦Diamine fast orange EG 

♦Diamine fast orange ER 

♦Dlaminogen blue N2B 

♦Diazo Bordeaux 7B 

♦Diazo brilliant green 3G 

♦Diazo brilliant scarlet 2BL ex- 

♦Diazo brilliant scarlet ROA 

Diazo brown 6G 

Diazo brown NR 

Diazo brown 3RB — • 

♦Diazo fast red 5BL 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list' in table 27) 



127. 




127, 


267, 472 


267, 


472. 


267. 




267. 




127. 




267. 




472. 




127, 


267. 


127, 


267. 


127. 




127, 


475. 



267, 313, 315, 400, 507, 567. 

267, 507, 638. 

28, 267, 313, 400, 428, 447, 507, 638. 

267, 507, 638. 

89, 267, 313, 400, 428, 507, 559, 567, 638. 

267, 507, 559, 567, 638. 

267, 507. 

122, 267, 313, 315, 400, 507, 567, 638. 

267, 507. 

267, 315, 400, 447, 507, 567, 638. 

207, 267, 428, 507, 638. 

267, 428, 507, 529, 638. 

267, 400, 428, 507, 529, 638. 

207, 267, 507, 529. 

267, 400, 428, 507, 529, 638. 

267, 313, 315, 400, 507, 529. 
313, 400, 529. 

267, 507. 

267, 400, 529. 

507, 638. 

267, 507, 529. 

267, 428. 

207, 267, 400, 428, 507, 530, 638. 

267, 400, 507. 

267. 

267, 400, 507. 

428, 507. 

251, 267, 273, 400, 428, 507, 638. 

638. 

207, 267, 313, 400, 402, 428, 447, 507, 574, 
638. 

207, 267, 313, 400, 402, 507, 530, 638. 

402, 529, 530, 638. 

267, 567. 

400, 638. 

638. 

638. 

267, 428, 507, 638. 

251. 

428, 447. 

267, 507, 567. 

267, 400, 428, 447, 507, 529. 

267, 400. 

267, 400, 428. 

267, 400, 428, 507, 529. 

267, 313, 315, 400, 507, 529, 638. 

207, 267, 315, 400, 507, 567, 638. 

315, 400, 507, 567. 

207, 313, 400, 507, 529, 638. 

267, 313, 315, 400, 507, 638. 

267, 313, 400, 507, 638. 

267, 315, 400, 507, 638. 

267, 313, 507. 

267, 507. 

507. 

267, 507. 

267, 315, 400. 



86 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, I957 



TABLE 8B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States product ior, or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, i957--Continued 



Colour 
Index or 
proto- 
type No. 



87 
89 
90 
91 
93 
94 
9A- 
95 
96 
99 
100 
101 
102 
106 
107 
108 
109 
116 
118 
119 
121 
122 
124 
125 
126 
135 
137 
138 
139 
Ul 
U3 
144 
U5 
146 
147 

148 
151 
152 
163 
164 
165 
166 
168 
169 
170 
171 
172 
173 
178 
182 
186 
187 
188 
189 
190 
191 
192 
193 
194 
195 
197 
198 
199 
.201 
202 
203 
206 
207 
208 
209 
210 
211 
213 
216 
217 
218 
222 



Dye 



DYES GROUPED B1 PROTOTYPE NUMBER—Contimied 

*Diazo fast red 7BL 

Diazo indigo blue 4GL 

Diazo indigo blue 4RL 

Diazo rubine B 

Diazo sky blue B 

Diazo sky blue 3GL 

Fast mordant blue B 

Fast scarlet 2G base 

*Fast scarlet 2G salt 

Sirius supra brovm 3R 

Sirius supra gray R 

Sirius supra yellow 5G 

»Guinea carmine B 

♦Guinea fast red BL 

Guinea fast red 4BL 

Helindon fast scarlet B 

Helindon fast scarlet G 

Helindon pink B ex 

♦Helindon pink R ex 

Indanthrene brilliant orange RK 

*Indanthrene brown BR 

Indanthrene brown CG 

»Indanthrene brown RRD 

»Indanthrene khaki 2G 

^Indanthrene rubine R 

Indanthrene yellow brown 3G 

Indo carbon CL 

Metachrojne red G 

Milling orange G 

^Milling yellow H5G 

Milling yellow 

Naphthol blue blank S 

Neolan black WA 

*Neolan blue GG 

Neolan Bordeaux R 

Neolan orange R 

•Oxydiaminogen OB 



»Paper red A ex 

Polar orange GS 

Polar orange R 

Rapldogen blue BN 

wRapidogen blue D 

*Rapidogen Bordeaux R 

Rapidogen brown GN 

»Rapidogen red GS 

*Rapidogen red RS 

«Rapidogen scarlet RS 

♦Rapidogen yellow G 

♦Roeanthrene fast Bordeaux 2BL- 

»Rosanthrene orange R 

Sudan brown 5B 

Sudan red BE 

Sulphon orange G 

»Sulphon yellow R 

Supra light rubine BL 

Supramine black BR 

Supramine blue R 

Supramine Bordeaux B 

Supramine brown R — - 

Supramine red 3B 

Supramine red 2G 

Supramine yellow R 

♦Victoria fast violet 2R ex 

♦Victoria pure blue B 

Victoria violet 

♦Zambesi black D 

♦Zambesi black V 

Acid anthracene brown KE 

♦Alizarin fast gray BBLW 

♦Alizarin supra sky blue R 

Alphanol brown B 

Amldo naphthol brown 3G 

Anthralan red B-CF 

Azosol fast orange G 

Azosol fast red 3B 

Azosol fast yellow GR 

Benzo fast Bordeaux 6BL 

Benzo fast brown RL — — . 

Brilliant Indooyanlne 6B-CF-- 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



256, 313, 315, 400, 428. 

507. 

507. 

313, 507. 

507. 

507. 

267, 636. 

400, 428, 460. 

267, 313, 428, 460, 507, 519, 614. 

507. 

507. 

267, 507. 

400, 507, 638. 

267, 315, 400, 507, 638. 

267, 400, 507. 

428. 

400, 428. 

567. 

89, 267, 400, 428, 507, 567. 

267, 315, 400, 428, 507, 519, 550, 638. 

267, 313, 400, 428, 507, 519, 559, 567, 638. 

313. 

89, 400, 428, 507, 567, 638. 

267, 400, 507, 559. 

267, 400, 507, 519, 559, 638. 

267. 

288, 507. 

28, 267, 636. 

428. 

267, 313, 428, '507, 574, 638. 

267, 507. 

267. 

207, 267, 507, 638. 

207, 251, 267, 313, 315, 400, 507, 567, 638. 

267, 313, 315, 638. 

400, 638. 

207, 267, 313, 428, 447, 507, 529, 530, 574, 
638. 

267, 400, 507, 638. 

638. 

267, 507, 638. 

313, 507, 529. 

313, 400, 507, 529. 

313, 507, 529, 631. 

313, 507, 529. 

89, 251, 267, 313, 400, 507, 529, 567, X. 

89, 251, 313, 400, 507, 529, 567, 631. 

89, 251, 267, 313, 400, 507, 529, 567, 631, X. 

89, 251, 267, 313, 400, 507, 529, 567, 631, X. 

267, 313, 315, 400, 428, 507. 

267, 313, 400, 507, 638. 

507. 

507. 

428, 507. 

313, 315, 428, 507, 567, 638. 

267, 507. 

507. 

507. 

507. 

428. 

428, 507. 

507. 

313, 507. 

267, 400, 507, 567. 

148, 400, 507. 

638. 

267, 507, 638. 

207, 267, 400, 638. 

313, 507. 

267, 315, 400, 507, 559, 567, 638. 

267, 313, 507. 

507. 

507. 

507. 

507. 

507. 
507. 
507. 

267, 507. 
267, 507. 



DYES 



87 



TABLE 8B -Synthetic organic chenicals: Cosl-tar dyes for which United States production or sales were 
TABLE 8B. iyntne reported, identified by manufacturer. 1957-Continued 




223 

224 

227 

228 

229 

230 

231 

232 

233 

234 

235 

236 

237 

238 

239 

240 

241 

242 

243 

244 

245 

246 

247 

249 

250 

251 

252 

253 

254 

255 

257 

258 

258 

259 

260 

260 

261 

263 

264 

264 

265 

266 

267 

269 

269 

270 

270 
271 
271 
272 
272 
273 
273 
274 
274 
275 
275 
276 
277 
278 

285 
288 
289 
290 
291 

292 
293 
295 

296 
298 
299 
300 
301 
302 



mSS GROUPED BY PROTOTYPE NUMBER— Continued 

Brilliant indooyanlne G 

Brilliant sulpho flavlne FFA 

Celliton fast tlue FR 

»Celliton fast blue FFR . 

Celliton fast blue green B 

wCelliton fast brown 3R 

Celliton fast brown 5R 

Celliton fast navy blue B 

Celliton fast navy blue BRA 

"Celliton fast pink B 

"Celliton fast pink FF3B 

"Celliton fast red GG 

"Celliton fast red violet HN 

"Celliton fast rubine B 

"Celliton fast rubine 3B 

Celliton fast violet B 

"Celliton fast violet 6B 

"Celliton fast yellow G 

Celliton fast yellow RR 

"Celliton scarlet B 

"Celliton yellow 5G 

"Chlorantine fast red 5BRL 

Chrome fast orange 3RL 

Dianil yellow 5G 

Diazo brown 3R 

Diazo fast yellow 2G 

Diazo fast yellow 3G 

Erio chrome brown DKL 

Erio chrome olive BL 

Fast black B salt 

Fast black LB base 

"Fast blue BE base ' 

Fast blue BB salt ' 

Fast Bordeaux BD salt 

Fast Bordeaux GP base 

"Fast Bordeaux GP salt 

Fast corinth V salt 

Fast garnet GC base 

Fast orange GC base 

"Fast orange GC salt 

"Fast orange GR salt 

Fast orange RD salt-^ 

"Fast red AL salt 

Fast red 3GL base 

"Fast red 3GL salt 

"Fast red KB base 



Fast red KB salt ■• 

Fast red RC base 

"Fast red RC salt 

Fast red RL base 

Fast red RL salt 

Fast red TR base 

"Fast red TR salt 

Fast violet B base 

Fast violet B salt 

Fast yellow GC base 

Fast yellow GC salt 

Sirius supra orange GG 

Sirius supra red violet RL 

"Sirius supra turquoise blue GL- 



Immedial new blue FBL ex 

"Indanthrene brilliant violet 3B- 

"Indanthrene direct black RB 

"Indanthrene golden orange 3G 

"Indanthrene golden yellow GK 



"Indanthrene golden yellow RK — 
"Indanthrene olive green B 

Indanthrene printing black BL- 
"Indanthrene red FBB 

Metomega chrome brown RLL 

"Monochrome black blue G 

Monochrome red FG 

Monochrome violet FB 

"Naphthol AS 

"Naphthol AS-BO 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



267, 507, 638. 

267, 507. 

251, 428, 507, 638. 

251, 267, 273, 428, 507, 557, 636, 638. 

251, 267, 400, 428, 507. 

428, 507, 557. 

507. 

428. 

507. 

251, 267, 428, 638. 

251, 267, 400, 428, 507. 

251, 400, 428, 507. 

251, 267, 273, 400, 428, 507, 638. 

251, 400, 428, 507. 

251, 267, 273, 400, 428, 507, 557, 638. 

507. 

251, 400, 428, 507. 

251, 267, 273, 400, 428, 507, 557, 638. 

507. 

251, 267, 273, 400, 428, 507, 557, 638. 

251, 428, 507, 557. 

207, 267, 313, 315, 400, 428, 507, 529, 574. 

507. 

267, 507, 530. 

507. 

267, 313, 507. 

507. 

267, 507, 638. 

267, 638. 

267, 313. 

507. 

428, 460, 507, 614. 

313, 460, 507, 614. 

507. 

267, 400, 428, 460, 507. 

267, 313, 428, 460, 507, 519, 631. 

507. 

507. 

267, 428, 507. 

428, 460, 507, 529, 614. 

267, 428, 460, 507, 519. 

428, 460, 507. 

267, 428, 460, 507, 614. 

400, 428, 460. 

267, 313, 428, 460, 507, 519, 614, 631. 

267, 400, 428, 460, 507, 519, 529, 567, 6U, 

631. 
428, 614. 
428, 507. 

428, 460, 507, 519, 631. 
460, 507. 
402, 460, 507. 
428, 519, 529. 
313, 428, 507, 519, 614. 
507, 614. 

267, 313, 460, 507, 614. 
460, 529. 
460, 507. 

315, 400, 507, 530. 
400, 507. 
122, 207, 251, 267, 313, 315, 400, 428, 507, 

574. 
507. 

400, 507, 559, 638. 
267, 507, 638. 

267, 400, 428, 507, 519, 559, 567, 638. 
89, 267, 313, 315, 400, 428, 507, 559, 567, 

638. 
89, 267, 313, 315, 507, ,559. 
267, 400, 428, 507, 519, 559, 567, 638. 
267, 507. 
267, 507, 638. 
638. 

267, 313, 315, 400, 507, 638. 
507. 
507. 
267, 313, 372, 400, 428, 460, 507, 550, 567, 

631. 
267, 372, 400, 428, 460, 507, 529, 631. 



491001 O -58 -7 



88 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1937 



TABLE SB. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, J957- -Continued 




DEES GROUPED BY PROTOTrPE NUMBER— Continued 



»Naphthol AS-BR- 
»Naphthol AS-BS- 



fNaphthol AS-D- 



Naphthol AS-DB 

Naphthol AS-E 

»Naph-thol AS-G 

Naphthol AS-ITR 

»Naphthol AS-OL 

Naphthol AS-RL 

*Naphthol AS-SW 

»Naphthol AS-TR 

*Neolan orange G 

*Neolan yellow GR 

Omega chrome yellow ME 

Palatine fast blue BN 

Palatine fast blue RRN 

Palatine fast green BLN 

*Palatine fast marine blue HEN-— 
Palatine fast orange RN 

*Palatine fast pink BN 

Palatine fast violet 3RN 

Palatine fast violet 5RN 

*Palatine fast yellow ELN 

Pluto black G 

Pyrazol fast orange GL 

Rapid fast orange RH 

»Rapidogen black MG 

Rapidogen black brown IT 

»Rapidogen blue N 

*Rapidogen blue R 

Rapidogen brown IB 

»Rapidogen brown IPT 

Rapidogen golden yellow H 

Rapidogen green B 

Rapidogen orange G 

*Rapidogen orange R 

Rapidogen red violet RR 

^Rapidogen violet B 

*Rapidogen yellow 2G 

Varlamine blue BD salt 

Variamine blue RT salt 

Acid chrome red B 

Alizarin rublnol 3G 

Benzoohrome brown B 

Benzochrome brown G 

Benzo fast heliotrope RRL 

Brilliant benzo fast violet BL- 

Brilliant benzo green B 

Celliton brilliant yellow FF-— 

Celliton fast pink RF 

Chrome leather fast black S 

»Cotonerol 



Diamond black P2B 

Diazo brilliant scarlet 5BLN- 

Fast red ITR base 

»Fast red ITR salt 

»Sirius supra gray VGL 

»Indanthrene orange 4R 

Janus black G 

Naphthol AS-BG 

Naphthol AS-GR 

Naphthol AS-LB 

Naphthol AS-SG 

Neolan pink B 

Neolan red GRE 

Neolan violet brown B 

examine brilliant red B 

Para brown V 

Rapidogen red ITR 

Rapidogen scarlet IL 

Rosanthrene Bordeaux B 

Acid chrome blue 3G 

Algol scarlet B 

Alizarin supra blue SES 

Azo rublnol 3GP 

Azosol fast blue HL 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



267, 428, 
267, 372, 

631. 
267, 372, 

631. 
507. 

267, 460, 
133, 267, 
372, 428, 
372, 400, 
428, 460, 
267, 372, 
251, 372, 
251, 267, 
251, 267, 
638. 

313, 507, 
315. 

267, 313, 
251, 267, 
507. 

207, 251, 
507. 
507. 

207, 251, 
447. 
638. 
567. 

89, 507, 
89, 507, 
251, 313, 
89, 507, 
507, 529. 
89, 313, 
507, 529, 
507, 529. 
507. 

89, 251, 
313, 507. 
89, 313, 
89, 507, 
313, 507, 
507. 
507. 
507. 
507. 
507. 

267, 507. 
267, 400, 
267, 507. 
267, 507. 
400, 507. 
507. 
207, 251, 

638. 
507. 

267, 313, 
372, 460, 
313, 460, 
267, 315, 
267, 400, 
507. 

372, 428, 
507. 
507. 

372, 400, 
267, 638. 
267, 638. 
638. 
267. 
507. 

507, 529. 
267. 

400, 507. 
507. 
507. 
267. 
638. 
507. 



460, 
400, 



507, 
428, 



529, 
460, 



631. 

507, 529, 550, 567, 



400, 428, 460, 507, 529, 550, 567, 



507, 
372, 
460, 
428, 
507. 
400, 
428, 
313, 
313, 



507, 
313, 



529. 
428, 
507, 
460, 

428, 
507. 
315, 
315, 



638. 
315. 

315, 



460, 
529, 
507, 



507. 

614, 631. 
529, 567, 631. 



460, 507, 567, 631. 



507, 
400, 



400, 
315, 



638. 
507, 638. 



507, 567, 638. 
507, 638. 



529. 
529. 
400, 
529. 

507, 
567. 



313, 507, 529. 
X. 



507, 

529, 

614. 



529, 
567. 



267, 313, 315, 400, 428, 507, 529, 



400, 
507, 
507, 
507, 
507, 



507. 
614. 
614. 
529. 
567. 



I 



DYES 

TABLE m. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal- tar dyes for which United States production or salt 
reported, identified by manufacturer, J957- -Cont inued 



89 



Colour 
Index or 
proto- 
type No. 



416 
417 
418 
420 
421 
422 
423 
424 
425 
426 
427 
428 
429 
430 
431 
432 

433 
434 
435 
436 
438 
442 
443 

447 
44fi 
449 
450 
451 
452 
453 
456 
457 
458 
460 
461 
462 
463 
467 
469 
470 
471 
472 
474 
484 
485 
487 
488 
489 
490 
491 

492 
493 
494 
495 
498 
499 
500 
500 
501 
501 
503 
505 
506 
507 
508 
509 
511 
513 
51A 
516 
517 
519 
520 
521 
522 
523 



Eye 



DYES GROUPED BY PROTOTYPE NUMBER— Continued 

Benzo fast gray BL 

Brilliant oongo blue BFL 

Brilliant wool blue G 

Celliton fast yellow 7G 

Chlorantine fast Bordeaux 2B 

Chlorantine fast Bordeaux BLL 

Chlorantine fast brown 8RLL 

Chlorantine fast gray RLN 

»Chlorantine fast green BLL 

Chlorantine fast orange T4RLL 

Chlorantine fast orange T5RLL 

»Chlorantlne fast red 6BLL 

Chlorantine fast violet 5BL 

Chlorantine fast violet RLL 

Chlorantine fast yellow 2RLL 

»Chlorazol blue 5GKS 



Derma brown G 

Derma brown R 

Diazanil orange RR 

Diazo brilliant blue 2BL- 
Diazo fast Bordeaux FBL — 

Fast scarlet TR base 

»Sirius light blue FBGL 



Indanthrene red brown R 

Indanthrene red brown 5RF 

Indanthrene scarlet R 

Indanthrene yellow FFRK 

Indanthrene yellow GF 

Indanthrene yellow 3R 

Kiton fast red 4BLN 

Metomega chrome brown 3GL 

Metomega chrome orange ML 

Metomega chrome red CM 

Naphthol AS-LC 

Naphthoohrome violet R 

Neolan blue 2R 

Neolan orange GRE 

Rapidogen golden yellow IFG 

Rapidogen yellow I4G 

Diphenyl fast blue green BL 

Sudan red GG 

Sudan yellow GRN 

Supramine yellow 3GL 

Chromoxane brilliant violet SB- 

»Alizarin light blue 4GL 

Azosol fast black M 

Azosol fast red BE 

Brilliant Indo blue 5GL 

Chloramine fast orange 2RN 

*Chlorantine fast violet 2RL 



Cloth fast yellow 5G 

Diazo brilliant scarlet BA — 
Diazo brilliant scarlet ROL- 

Diazo fast yellow 3GLL 

Fast blue HR salt 

Fast oorlnth LB salt 

Fast red FR base 

Fast red FR salt 

»Fast red FDC base 

*Fast red PDC salt 

»Indanthrene red violet HRH — 

*Naphthol AS-LG 

Naphthol AS-LT 

Neolan Bordeaux BE 

Neolan Bordeaux RM 

Neolan red BRE 

Rapidogen corinth IB 

Xylene fast orange PO 

Acid alizarin black RGW 

Alizarin saphirol WSA 

«Azosol fast yellow. R 

Buffalo black 3G 

Caloofast spirit orange RN— 

Caloofast wool orange RN 

Caledon dark blue G- 



Manuf acturers ' Identification numbers 
(according to list In table 27) 



267, 529. 

267, 507. 

267. 

507. 

267, 574, 638. 

267, 574. 

267, 400. 

267. 

267, 507, 638. 

267, 638. 

267. 

207, 267, 313, 315, 400, 428, 507, 530, 638. 

267, 400, 638. 

267. 

267. 

207, 267, 313, 400, 402, 428, 507, 529, 567, 

574, 638. 
638. 



400, 507. 

267, 507. 

507. 

507. 

122, 207, 267, 

638. 
428. 

267, 400, 507. 
267, 507. 
267. 
267. 

267, 400. 
638. 



273, 313, 507, 529, 567, 574, 



267, 638. 

638. 

372, 507. 

267, 507. 

267, 638. 

638. 

507. 

507, 529. 

207, 267, 529, 638. 

507. 

267, 507. 

267, 507. 

507. 

267, 400, 638. 

507. 

507. 

507. 

638. 

207, 267, 313, 315, 400, 402, 507, 529, 530, 

574, 638. 
638. 
400. 
507. 
638. 

507, 6U. 
460. 
529. 
529. 

428, 460, 507, 614. 
267, 313, 428, 460, 507, 614, 631. 
89, 267, 400, 507. 
372, 428, 507, 529, 61A. 
507. 
638. 
638. 
638. 
507. 
267. 
638. 

400, 507. 
507, 567, 638. 
267. 

267, 507, 567. 
567. 
267, 400. 



»Cellitazol A2N 267', 400, 428, 507, 557, 638. 



90 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



TABLE SB. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States production or sale 
reported , identified by manufacturer , 1957- -Continued 




Manufacturers' Identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



DYES GROUPED BY PROTOTYPE NUMBER— Continued 

Chloramine copper blue 30 

Chloramine copper blue 4G 

Chlorantine fast yellow 2GLL 

»Chrome fast green G 

Dlamlnogen blue NA 

Dlazo fast green GF : 

Diazo fast violet BL 

Dipyrazo scarlet RP 

*Direot quinoline 

Dispersol fast yellow 2G 

Durazol fast blue 3RS 

Durazol fast orange R 

»Eastman fast yellow GLF 

Eastone blue BGF 

Erie fast rubine B 

Fluorol 5G 

Guinea brown RD 

Iramedial black brown A 

»Indanthrene olive T 

Indanthrene yellow 3GF 

Interohem acetate orange 4R 

Leather brown 5RTX 

Luxol brilliant green BL 

Luxol fast blue MBS 

Naphthol AS-L3G 

»Naphthol AS-MX 

»Naphthol AS-PH - 

«Naphthol AS-RC 

Neolan navy blue RLG 

Neutral brown RX 

Permanent red 2B, sodium salt 

*Pontamine black AWG 

Pontamine diazo brown R 

Pontamine diazo orange 

Pontamine diazo orange 3G 

»Pontamine navy blue DB 

Rapidogen black 30 

fiapidogen blue PBN 

Sirlus supra brown 5G 

Sirius supra brown 3RL 

Sirlus supra orange RRL 

Sirius supra scarlet GG 

»Solantine orange 40 

Supranol brown 3GL 

Variamine blue FG salt 

*Sirius supra yellow R ex 

Aoetamine fast yellow 4HL 

Acid anthracene brown TBL 

Beta naphthol 

Calcogene direct blue GNCF 

Capraoyl orange R 

Capracyl red B 

Capracyl violet H 

Carbanthrene gray OFL 

Chlorantine fast blue 3GLL 

Eric fast orange F 

Flavine AG 

Vat yellow PGA 

Leucosol yellow K 

Metomega chrome oyanine BLL 

•Naphthol AS-KB — 

Neolan brown R 

Nyaform blue 2B 

Polar red brown V 

Rapidogen black IT 

Sirlus light violet BL 

Sudan black BT 

»SuperUtefast blue OL 

»Superlltefast blue 80LN 

»SuperlltefaBt blue RL 

Vlscolan black B 

Eastman blue OBN 

Eastone red R 

Indanthrene black brown VA 

Interchem acetate yellow OSF 

Fast brown 3RLL 

Fast orange T.T.T.W F 

Fast yellow EFC 

Alizarol brown B 



638. 
267, 400, 638. 
400. 
507. 
313. 
313. 
507, 567. 



267, 428, 557. 
400, 638. 



315, 400, 428, 507, 519, 559, 567, 638. 



273. 
507. 
507. 
315, 

428, 
372, 
507, 
313. 
313, 

400, 
400, 
315, 

267, 

507, 

507. 



267, 313, 567, 574, 638. 
507. 



400, 567. 

460, 597, 631. 
400, 428, 460, 507, 529, 631. 
529. 

315, 638. 

428. 
507. 
400, 638. 

400, 447, 567, 638. 



267, 313, 315, 400, 507, 530, 574, 638. 



507. 
567. 



638. 

460, 507, 529, 631. 

315. 

529. 



267, 402. 

567, 574, 638. 

267, 402, 507, 529, 567, 574. 



638. 
402. 
402. 
402. 



DYES 



91 



TABLE 8B.--Syntheti 



z chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer , J957--Continued 




DYES GROUPED BY PROTOTYPE ^aIMBER- -Continued 

Buffalo black GRF 

Fast red FR salt 

Oil red EGN - - 

Sulfur fast brown CI/-R 

UNGROUPED DYES 

»Acetate rayon dyes;-"- 

*Black, B, EC, 3G, GGN, GS, GY, JN, JRW, LNB, 

LW, NC, RB, SS.2 
»Blue, #15, A8-7, A8-45, B, BBR, BG, BGLF, 

BLF, CR, FGS, FSI, G, 2G, GBN, GFD, 3G-GFD, 
5G-GFD, GLF, GLT, GP, GR, GSF, GSFR, GSS, 
LWGF, MJ, NBN, NBNJ, NSP, 2R, 4R, KB, RBN, 
3RL, SS, WNBN.3 

Brovm, #8, JG, R 

Navy blue, BP, EC, JB, LB, NVY, RG'^ 

»Orange, FSI, GLS, GRN, R, 2R, 3R, 3R1N' 

Pink 3B-GLF — 

*Red VI-X, B, 2B-GLF, 4-BLL, C, FL, FSI, 2G, 
GLF, GSF, NB, N-GLF, R, RP, Y, YP.^ 

*Soarlet BG, FS, GSF, RGLF 

Violet, #303, 7BC. BGF, BN, DAC, 2R, 3R-GLF, 
SRLF.' 
»Yellow IX, XI, CW, 3G, 5G, 8-GLF, GR, M, H, 
5R, R-GFD, 2R-GLF, A-KL, 4RLF, RN, W-GLF, 
YL.8 

Acid alizarin Bordeaux BLT 

Acid alizarin brown RLL 

Acid black AR, GRN, J^fY, N, RB 

*Acid blue, B, G, 6G, NB 

Acid Bordeaux GRL 

Acid brilliant green 

Acid brilliant pink 3B 

Acid brilliant yellow 3GL 

»Acid brovm BL, CRTA, 3G, ITGA, M-130, NY, PGMA, 
RD, 2R1. 

Acid dark brown B 

Acid fast black PN, RWL -r 

Acid fast blue 5RNA 

Acid fast Bordeaux 2BWL 

Acid fast brown #1, CGS 

Acid fast charcoal #1 

Acid fast green 2GWL 

Acid fast grey 2BWL 

Acid fast light yellow #25806 

Acid fast navy BWL 

Acid fast orange LW . 

Acid fast red 5BW1, G 

Acid fast scarlet GWL 

Acid fast yellow 5GN, 3GWL 

Acid fuchsine 5BL 

Acid gray BL, G 

Acid green B, SGN— 

Acid leather broim 

Acid milling orange 4R 

Acid milling scarlet 3G 

Acid navy blue, RNA 

Acid neutral red 3G 

«Aoid orange R, 2R, RL, RN, YP 

Acid pink G 

*Acid red, B, 2B, 3B, G, OB, RB, 3RB, SBN, SPN- 

Aoid ruby PL 

Acid sapphire G 

Acid scarlet G, GN 

Acid violet BD, R, 2R, 3RL, RNL 

Acid yellow B, FGL, 3G, GL, 2GN, GRN, GW, NR, 
NW, 3RD. 

Alizarin blue GS 

Alizarin blue green 

Alizarin brilliant blue R 

Alizarin sapphire IMM 

Alizarin slqr blue B-FS 

Alizarin violet NRR 

Alphazurine B 

Anthracene chrome brown 2BL, RL 

Anthraquinone blue BGA, 3G, 2GA, RA 

Anthraquinone milling blue BL 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



267. 

507. 
267. 
267. 



251, 400, 428, 447, 557, 638. 
251, 400, 428, 507, 557, 638. 



251, 557. 

251, 400, 557. 

400, 428, 447, 557. 

557. 

251, 267, 400, 428, 447, 557, 638. 

251, 400, 447, 557. 

251, 400, 507, 557. 

251, 400, 428, 557. 



507. 

507. 

267, 4O0, 574. 

313, 400, 507. 

638. 

507. 

400. 

638. 

400, 507, 638. 



400. 
574. 
507. 
574. 
400, 
574. 
574. 
574. 
313. 
574. 
428. 
574. 
574. 
507, 
313. 
267, 
400, 
567. 
567. 
428. 
313, 
428. 
267, 
638. 
267, 
400. 
402. 
313. 
267, 
313, 



638. 
574. 



567. 

313, 400, 574, 638. 

313, 400, 507, 574. 



400, 447, 636. 
400, 507, 574, 638. 



267. 
507. 
428. 
267. 
507. 
267. 
267. 
636. 
400. 
400. 



92 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



TABLE 8B.--Syntbeti 



organic chemicals: Coal-tar dye 
reported . identified by ma 



; for which United State 
\ufacturer, 1957--Contin 



production or sales were 




Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



UNGROUPED DTES— Continued 



Anthraquinone vat black BNC, 2G, J, MX, R 

Anthraquinone vat black brown VA 

Anthraquinone vat blue BCL 

Anthraquinone vat blue green 3B, Y 

Anthraquinone vat brilliant orange GR 

Anthraquinone vat brilliant yellow 30, '^G, 5G — 

Anthraquinone vat brilliant red B 

Anthraquinone vat brilliant violet 3R 

Anthraquinone vat brown BN, 2G, NR, VR 

Anthraquinone vat copper brown 

Anthraquinone vat direct black 3G, 3GA 

Anthraquinone vat fast yellow 

■^Anthraquinone vat gray 2G, GNF, N, R 

Anthraquinone vat navy blue HG, VH 

Anthraquinone vat olive G, GGL 

Anthraquinone vat printing black BBD, GR, PG, R 

Anthraquinone vat red FG, RL, RRB 

Anthraquinone vat red brown N, RB, 6RB 

Anthraquinone vat rubine RD 

Anthraquinone vat scarlet 2G, 3GA, GL 

Anthraquinone vat supra black AP 

Anthraquinone vat supra dark brown BVA, BW, FCF 

Anthraquinone vat supra gray BR 

Anthraquinone vat yellow GL, 5GLL, PG 

Anthraquinone violet A 

Aviation blue 

Azo ceresine B 

Azo eosine 2B 

*Azoio dyes and their components:^ 
Dyes, rapidogen: 

Black, A, 2B, BF, BFC, BRT, EM, FOR, GB, 
GG, GGB, GR, I, J, JB, JN, L, MR, P-6-2, 
P-7-1, QD, RBB. 

Blue B, GFC, GGNF, 2GL 

Bordeaux AF, BN, GP, MR 

Brown BR, D, R 

Dark brown AR 

Golden yellow MRS 

Gray R 

Navy blue F, FFR 

Orange FFR, W 

Red B, BC, 2BN, FFBB, GBNB, GFC, GNBS, KBS, 
LBB, RC, S. 

Scarlet 2G, SFC 

Yellow AGL, GFC, GR 

Components : 

Fast color bases : 

Blue BE 

Bordeaux GP 

Corinth LB 

Garnet GBCP 

Red FB 

Stabilized blue, red, scarlet, violet 

Fast color salts : 

Black GC 

Diazo brilliant scarlet GGA 

Diazo orange LGA 

Red KL 

Fur dyes: Fur B, ECA, NZA, NZF 

Naphthols : 

Naphthol AS-BB ■ 

Naphthol AS-BC 

Naphthol AS-BL 

Naphthol AS-BN 

Naphthol AS-DP 

Naphthol AS-EL 

Naphthol AS-HB - 

Naphthol AS-KB 

Naphthol AS-PN 

Naphthol AS-RL-P 

Naphthol AS-RO 

Naphthol AS-RR 

Naphthol AS-SRN 

Naphthol AS-ST 

Naphthol AS-SW-P 

Azo oil black, B 

Azosol fast blue BLA 

Basic blue B, BGL, 2G, 5G 

See footnotes at end of table. 



267, 428, 567. 

315, 507. 

507. 

400, 507. 

507. 

400, 507. 

400. 

400. 

267, 400. 

567. 

267, 400, 507. 

567. 

400, 507, 567. 

400. 

267, 400. 

267, 428. 

400. 

400, 507. 

507. 

400, 507. 

428. 

428. 

428. 

400, 428, 567, 

400. 

567. 

567. 

400. 



313, 400, 507, 529, 614. 



313, 


460, 


507. 


313, 


400, 


529. 


313, 


507, 


529. 


400. 






400. 






313. 






313, 


507. 




400, 


507. 




313, 


460, 


507, 529, 567, 631 


313, 


460. 




313, 


400. 




267. 






313. 






507. 






614. 






574. 






614. 






313. 






507. 






507. 






313. 






315. 






507, 


529. 




507, 


529. 




313. 






507. 






460. 






460. 






460. 






372. 






567. 






460. 






267. 






507. 






507. 






507. 






460. 






267 






507 






400 







DYfiS 

TABLE 8B.* 'Synthetic orfinnic. chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States production or sales 
reported, identified by manufacturer , 7957- -Continued 



93 



Colour 
Index or 
proto- 
type No. 




Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



UNGROUPED DYES--Continued 

Basic Bordeaux G 

Basic brilliant red B, 3B, 40 

Basic green B 

Basic orange G, L 

Basic pink 3G 

Basic red GL, L 

Basic yellow 4G, 5GF, L, R, 3RL 

Benzochrome brown BA 

Brilliant alizarin milling blue BL 

Brilliant blue B-- 

Brilliant cyanine green 5G 

Brilliant oil blue BMA 

Brilliant sky blue RRG 

Canary lake yellow PL 

Chromate brown RL 

Chrome black 3G 

Chrome Bordeaux B 

Chrome flavine GA 

Chrome garnet GR 

Chrome gray BL 

Chrome green B, BL 

Chrome orange LC, 3R 

Chrome violet 2R 

Chrome yellow GRR, SW 

Copper red R 

Developed brown CBS 

Developed orange DD, WD 

Developed scarlet FW, GFW 

Diazo brown R 

Diazo fast orange GL 

Diazo scarlet RP 

»Direot black #667, BC, CW, 3G, 5G, GN, 3GR, NV, 

ROW, RG, RW, SBJ. 
Direct blue #30368, B, BFL, BH, 12BLL, 16BLL, 

8GLN, 3GLST, 8GUF, LBR, lAG, MR, RIW, 2RLCF, 

2RW, SFBL, VRS. 

Direct blue green BML, CW 

Direct Bordeaux B, RLFW 

Direct brilliant blue G, LWN, 6RL 

Direct brilliant brown S 

Direct brilliant rayon blue J 

Direct brilliant scarlet GLJ, GLR 

Direct brilliant violet -iB, R 

»Direet brown DW, FW, GB, 3GS, KRS, LET, RB, 

4RL, RRF, RHK, RY. 

Direct cardinal WF 

Direct catechine 2BAC 

Direct copper blue GL 

Direct deep black TA 

Direct deep blue H 

Direct developed garnet RD 

Direct diazo blue 3G, 5GL 

Direct diazo brown 6G 

Direct diazo green BL, 2GL 

Direct diazo orange G, GR, N, WD 

Direct diazo scarlet R, RN 

Direct diazo violet BL, RR 

Direct diazo yellow 2GL 

»Direct fast blue BFL, BG, BLL, BRN, CPL, 8G, 

7GL, 8GLN, 4GLR, LBFU, LBGL, LBL, L5R, LULR, 

ML, RL, 3RL, UGLL. 

Direct fast blue green BLUC 

»Direct fast brcmi CS, R, AS., 2RL, 4RL, RLL, 

SKRL, 3YL. 
»Direct fast gray #347'i9, BL, GL, 2GL, LBUL, 

LGL, LUFL, LVLN. 

Direct fast green 5GLL 

Direct fast olive brown RL 

•^Direct fast orange 2GL, 2GU, L8GL, 3LWF, NAR, I 

Direct fast red 3BNL, RLL, WL 

Direct fast rubine BLN 

Direct fast violet R 

»Dlreot fast yellow #23979, EFC, 5G, L-2RX, ERA 

Direct garnet RB 

Direct gray CRLL, 2GFL, GL, 3LUF, LVL, LWBG, 

UFLL. 

»Direot green rw, FFW, 5GSC, HD, LFB, RM, Zi 

Direct jet black K 

Direct lumisol blue GLS, RL, VG 



400. 

400. 

400. 

400. 

507. 

400. 

400, 507. 

507. 

638. 

400. 

559. 

267. 

507. ■ 

267. 

315. 

267. 

251. 

507. 

28. 

636. 

28, 267. 

267, 567. 

28. 

28, 400. 

638. 

267. 

267. 

267. 

638. 

638. 

638. 

313, 402, 447, 519, 574, 638. 

267, 313, 402, 507, 567, 574. 



267, 


574. 








267, 


402. 








402, 


574. 








267. 










402. 










574. 










428, 


567. 








267, 


313, 


402, 


428, 


567, 574 


402. 










267. 










267. 










402. 










447. 










428. 










400. 










400. 










400. 










400. 










400. 










400. 










400. 










207, 


315, 


400, 


507, 


529. 


574. 










267, 


400, 


574, 


638. 




207, 


267, 


400, 


507. 




638. 










428. 










267, 


400, 


507, 


574, 


638. 


400, 


447, 


574. 






207. 










267. 










313, 


400, 


507, 


638. 




267. 










313, 


402, 


567, 


574. 




400, 


402, 


567, 


574. 




402. 










638. 











94 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



TABLE 8B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal'- tar dyes for which United States production or sales were 
reported , identified by manufacturer , 7957- -Continued 




Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



UNGROUFED DYES— Continued 

Direct lujnisol gray G 

Direct maroon, LFVS 

Direct navy BR, CW, LN, LW2B 

Direct NSD 

Direct olive green BLN 

Direct orange BD, BLS, BRS, 6G, GRN, LR, LWF, 
R, RNC, RT, RXA, UF2G. 

»Direct red 9B, 8BLN, KB, LRF, OK, Z 

Direct royal blue L, S 

Direct rubine BB, G, LBL, S, WLKS 

Direct scarlet ASW, 0, TLF, WYIC 

Direct silk blue NR 

Direct supra blue FELL, 7GL 

Direct supra rubine BBL 

Direct turquoise B, 8GL 

Direct violet B, LED, 0, R, 2R, RC 

»Direct white, AW, B, 4B, 5B, CN, DPS, DS-86, 
GO, HS-31, HS-76, LD, MR, M2R, RW, RWS, SC, 
WANS, WCN, WC^DC. 
Direct wine WF 

*Direct yellow 6D, DW, EFL, G, GR, LLR, NW, S, 
S-5GP. 

Discharge yellow DLW 

Euchrysine 2GA, 3RXA 

Fast acid orange RW 

Fast black G 

Fast Bordeaux BN, RB 

Fast brilliant crimson RB 

Fast brown FN, MF 

Fast crimson R 

Fast neutral orange 2G 

Fast neutral yellow G, 3R 

Fast olive brown G 

Fast orange YF 

Fast spirit black RB 

Fast spirit brown GN 

Fast spirit yellow G 

Fast yellow 2G, N 

Fluorescent green HW 

Fluorescent yellow HEB 

Fluorol 7G 

Formaldehyde blue 2B 

Gasoline yellow 

Genacron violet BN 

Indanthrene gray 2G 

Ink blue PP 

Luxols 

Markers BR, EB 

Methyl orange 

Milling orange RN 

Milling yellow GN, XN - 

Navy LUB 

Neutral brown RD 

Neutral silk yellow CGA 

Nydye black J, JM - - 

Nydye blue GB 

Nydye brown 2RH 

Nydye navy blue M 

Nydye orange 2R 

Nyctye red 3B 

Nydye scarlet G 

Nydye violet BX 

Nydye yellow S 

Nylanthrene blue 3BLF 

Nylanthrene navy LFWG 

Nylanthrene orange SLF 

Nylanthrene red 2RWF 

Nylanthrene rubine 5BLF 

Nylanthrene scarlet YIFW 

Nylanthrene yellow FLW 

Oil black, #204 — 

»0il blue, # 451, A, AP, NE— 

Oil brown, #54, #102, M, Y 

Oil color correctors 

Oil fast blue R - 

Oil green, #402 

Oil mahogany #200 

Oil orange, #30, #47, #4R, CO, MT 

Oil pink B 

Oil purple 



638. 

313, 402. 

402, 574. 

507. 

313. 

313, 402, 574. 



313, 
402. 
402, 
402. 
507. 
428. 
428. 
402. 
267, 
268, 



402, 507, 574. 
428, 574. 



313, 402, 507, 574. 

313, 371, 400, 425, 460, 507, 567, 633. 



402. 

267, 313, 402, 507, 574. 



402. 

507. 

638. 

567. 

567. 

267. 

567. 

267. 

567. 

567. 

567. 

567. 

567. 

567. 

567. 

567. 

67. 

567. 

507. 

638. 

567. 

507. 

507. 

267. 

400. 

378. 

267, 

400. 

267, 

251. 

267. 

315. 

402. 

402. 

402. 

402. 

402. 

402. 

402. 

402. 

402. 

402. 

402. 

402. 

402. 

402. 

402. 

402. 

378, 

378, 

267, 

378. 

428. 

378, 

405. 

378, 

267. 

378. 



400. 
400. 



405. 

400, 405, 428, 567. 

378, 405. 



405. 

405, 567, 638. 



DYES 



95 



TABLE 8B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which United States product i 
reported, identified by manufacturer , i957- -Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



UNGROUPED DYES--Continued 

»Oil red, #322, #337, # A30, BTB, ED, N-1700, 
RD, XO. 

Oil signal scarlet 

Oil walnut #82 

Oil yellow #83, BTP, PHW 

Oxydlamlnogen BBA 

Pan yellow 

Pigment red R 

Plastic black 

Plastic blue 

Plastic green 

Plastic orange 

Plastic pink 

Plastic red B, LB 

Plastic scarlet 

Plastic yellow 

Pluto orange GRA 

Red brown RRF 

Reds 

Resin brilliant red R 

Resin brown Z 

Resin dark red Z 

Resin scarlet 2R 

Rhodamine B stearate 

Rotalins 

Seal brown PR 

Soluble vat red R 

Spirit-soluble black 

Spirit-soluble blue, 6G, RDA 

Spirit-soluble brilliant blue B 

Spirit-soluble brown 2RS 

Spirit-soluble fast black 

Spirit-soluble fast blue B 

Spirlx-soiuble fast brilliant red BN 

Spirit-soluble fast green B 

Spirit-soluble fast red M, Y 

Spirit-soluble fast yellow 30, GT 

Spirit-soluble green 

Spirit-soluble orange, M, RS 

Spirit-soluble pink MBS 

Spirit-soluble red, AS, MS, SL, SS 

Spirit-soluble red brown MR 

;^irlt-soluble scarlet MC 

Spirit-soluble violet, MB, MR 

Spirit-soluble yellow, OR, MGS, SS 

Stilbene yellow 8G 

Sudan corinth 3B 

Sudan dark brown BG 

Sudan yellow GRA-FS 

Sulphonyl brown RG 

Supemylite brown 2R '■ 

Supemylite maroon LFS 

Supemylite scarlet B 

Supemylite yellow G 

Synlan black J 

Synlan navy blue M 

Toluylene fast brown 3GA 

Vat black 

Vat brown 

Vat maroon 3N 

Vat printing black R 

Yellow LGR 

Woodstain black N 

All other 



267, 378, A05, -428, 567. 

267. 

405. 

405, 567. 

507. 

507. 

267. 

-428. 

428. 

-428. 

428. 

428. 

267, -428. 

<428. 

428. 

507. 

638. 

378. 

267. 

267. 

267. 

267. 

567. 

400. 

507. 

507. 

267. 

267, 636. 

507. 

267. 

267. 

267. 

507. 

267. 

267. 

267, 507. 

267, 636. 

267. 

267. 

267, 315. 

267. 

267. 

267. 

267, 315. 

567. 

507. 

507. 

507. 

402. 

402. 

402. 

402. 

402. 

638. 

638. 

507. 

236. 

288. 

507. 

313. 

638. 

400. 

313, 400. 



Does not include acetate rayon dyes that appear under "Dyes grouped by prototype number." 
^ Includes developed black and dlazo black. 
^ Includes brilliant blue, fast blue, and violet blue. 

* Includes direct navy blue. 
' Includes light orange. 

* Includes rubine and polyester red. 
'' Includes fast red violet. 

* Includes fast yellow and golden yellow. 

' Does not include azoic dyes and their components that appear under "I^es grouped by Colour Index 
number" and "Dyes grouped by prototype number." 



96 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 
Toners and Lakes 



TABLE 15B. --Synf/ietJC organii 



chemicals: 
reported, 



Toners and lakes for which United States production or sales were 
identified by manufacturer , 1957 



[Toners and lakes for which separate statistics are given in table 15A are marked below with an asterisk 
(«); those not so marked do not appear in table 15A because the reported data are accepted in confidence 
and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from table 27. An X 
signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number with the 
designated product] 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



TONERS OR FULL-STRENGTH COLORS 

Black toners: 

Aniline black 

PMA black 

PTA black 

»Blue toners: 

»Alkall blue, C.I. 704 

Dlanisidine blue (Naphthol AS-OL (Pr. 311) and 
dianisidine) . 

Indanthrene blue GCD (C.I. 1113) 

Peacock blue R (C.I. 664), PMA 

Peacock blue R (C.I. 664), PTA 

■»Phthalocyanine blue B (alpha modification), 

Pr. 481. 
»Phthalocyanine blue EG (green shade) (beta 
modification). 
Phthalooyanlne blue G (metal-free phthalooyanine 
blue), Pr. 482. 

Pigment blue WNL 

»Setoglauclne (Peacock blue G) (Hhoduline blue 

6G) (C.I. 658), mk. 
■»Setoglaucine (Peacock blue G) (Rhoduline blue 
6G) (C.I. 658), PTA. 

Victoria blue B (C.I. 729), MA— 

Victoria blue B (C.I. 729), PTA 

Victoria blue EGO (Pr. 198), PMA 

Victoria blue R (C.I. 728), MA 

♦Victoria pure blue B (Pr. 198), MA 

♦Victoria pure blue B (Pr. 198), PTA 

All other 

»Brown toners : 

Bismarck brown (C.I. 332), PTA 

Copper brown 

*Para brown 

MA brown 

All other 

*Green toners : 

Benzidine yellow and phthalooyanlne blue, 
Pr. 481. 

♦Brilliant green (C.I. 662), MA 

♦Brilliant green (C.I. 662), PTA 



Brilliant green (C.I. 

(C.I. 657). 
Brilliant green (C.I. 



662) and malachite green 



662), malachite green 
(C.I. 657), and thioflavine (C.I. 815), MA. 
Brilliant green (C.I. 662), malachite green 
(C.I. 657), and thioflavine (C.I. 815), PTA. 
♦Brilliant green (C.I. 662) and thioflavine 

(C.I. 815), FMA. 
♦Brilliant green (C.I. 662) and thioflavine 
(C.I. 815), PTA. 

Malachite green (C.I. 657), PMA 

♦Malachite green (C.I. 657), PTA 

♦Phthalocyanine green, Pr. 483 

♦Pigment green B, Pr. 149 

All other 

■sftferoon toners: 

Anthranilic/BON maroon 

B.O.N, lake red C amine 

♦E.O.N, maroon (Llthol maroon) (Tobias acid and 
bon) . 

Hello Bordeaux (C.I. 84) — - 

Hello fast rubine 4BL 

Indanthrene maroons 

Llthol red 3G, manganese toner 

Naphthol AS-D (Pr, 306) maroon 

a-Naphthylamine maroon, C.I. 82 

Toluidine maroon (Naphthol AS-BS and mnpt) 

All other 



475. 

193, 494. 
494. 

118, 498, 500, 541, 567. 
400, 550. 

400. 

494. 

224, 541. 

89, 102, 118, 267, 400, 428, 472, 475, 500, 507, 

550, 567, 580, 587, X. 
275, 400, 472, 475, 500, 550, 567, 587. 



122. 



507. 

224, 234, 494, 505. 

57, 193, 224, 234, 386, 460, 494, 505, 541, 587. 

234, 400, 500, 505, 580. 

127, 234, 275, 500, 580. 

460. 

460. 

57, 97, 193, 224, 234, 336, 342, 457, 475, 494, 

498, 505, 587. 
57, 127, 193, 224, 234, 358, 475, 494, 505, 541, 

550, 587, 636. 
308, X, X. 

505. 

500. 

460, 550, 636. 

102, 550. 

57, 636. 

475, 500. 

193, 234, 275, 342, 494, 505, 587. 

57, 127, 185, 193, 224, 234, 460, 494, 505, 541, 

567, 587. 
567. 



234. 



57, 97, 193, 234, 457, 460, 475, 494, 505, 587. 

57, 97, 127, 193, 234, 336, 460, 475, 494, 505, 

541, 580, 587. 
97, 234, 505. 

97, 127, 193, 224, 234, 460, 475, 505, 541, 587. 
102, 122, 308, 400, 472, 475, 500, 507, 567. 
102, 265, 336, 400, 475, 500, 507, 587, 636. 
494, X. 



400. 
265. 
118, 



127, 265, 386, 475, 500, 550, 556, 587. 



224, 587, 636, 

265. 

550. 

400. 

336, 587. 

587. 

265, 500, 550, 587, 

X. 



See note at end of table for definition of abbreviations. 



I 



TONERS AND LAKES 



97 



TABLE im.^ -Synthetic organic chemicals: Toners and lakes for which United States production or sales were 
reported, identified hy manufacturer , 1957- -Continued 



TONERS OR FULL-STRENGTH COLORS— Continued 

♦Orange toners; 

♦Benzidine orange (dob and pmp) 

♦Dianisidine orange (dianisiiJine and aaa or aaot)- 

»2,4-Dinitroaniline orange (dna and bn) 

Hansa orange 

Lithosol orange OTP — 

»o-Nitroanlline orange (ona and bn) 

Permansa orange H 

Vulcan fast orange GA 

Vulcan fast orange GRN 

All other 

♦Red toners: 

Bona arylamine (Virginia red) 

Brilliant red N (Red lake R)— 

*o-Chloro-p-nitroaniline red (Chlorinated para 
red ) ( oopna and bn ) . 

♦p-Chloronitroaniline red 

♦Eoslne ,(Bromo acid toner) (C.I. 768) 

Gentex red RP 

Hello fast pink RLA 

Hello red RMTA (Pr. 112) (mtps and bn)— - 

Indanthrene rubine R (Pr. 12A) 

♦Lithol red 2G (C.I. 166) 

♦Uthol red R, C.I. 189: 
♦Barium toner: 

Made from pigments of own manufacture 



Made from purchased pigments 

♦Calcium toner: 

Made from pigments of own manufacture- 



Made from purchased pigments 

♦Sodium toner 

♦All other lithol red R toners: Made from 
pigments of own manufacture. 
Lithol red R, C.I. 189 and red lake C, C.I. 165- 
♦Lithol rubine B (C.I. 163) 



Lithol rubine B (C.I. 163) and rhodamine 6G 
(C.I. 753). 

Lithosol red CSP 

Naphthoic red C 

♦Naphthol reds : 

Bona arylamine 

♦Naphthol AS (Pr. 302) and dca — 

Naphthol AS (Pr. 302) and oca 

♦Naphthol AS (Pr. 302) and pnot 

♦Naphthol AS-BS (Pr. 305) and pnoa 



♦Naphthol AS-D (Pr. 306) and pnot 

♦Naphthol AS-ITR (Pr. 310) and ITR base 
(Pr. 378). 

Naphthol AS-OL (Pr. 311) red — 

All other naphthol reds 

♦Para red, light, C.I. "M- 



♦Para red, dark- 



Permanent carmine FB (Pr. 398) 

Permanent carmine FL 

» Permanent red 2B (Pr. 563) (ocptms and bon) 



Permanent red FKB 

permanent red FKR ex 

Permanent red RA . 

Pigment red PC 

♦Pigment rubine 3G (poams and bon) 

♦Pyrazolone red 

♦Red lake C (C-red), C.I. 165: 
♦Barium toner: 

Made from pigments of own manufacture- 



Made from purchased pigments- 
♦Sodium toner 

♦All other red lake C toners 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



57, 127, 400, 500, 507, 541, 550, 567, 580, 587, X. 

57, 400, 500, 550, 587, X. 

118, 336, 475, 500, 567, 587, 636. 

127, 550. 

400. 

118, 358, 386, 460, 500, 587. 

500. 

507. 

507. 

57, 102, 127, 475, X, X. 

118. 

550, 636. 

57, 118, 127, 265, 336, 358, 386, 457, 460, 475, 

500, 541, 567, 580, 587, 636. 
127, 400, 500, 587, 636. 
57, 342, 386, 460, 498, 541, 567, 580, X. 
507. 
507. 
507. 
400. 
57, 457, 500, 587. 



57, 118, 127, 275, 336, 386, 457, 460, 475, 500, 

541, 556, 567, 580, 587. 
342. 

118, 127, 275, 336, 386, 457, 460, 475, 500, 541, 

556, 567, 580, 587. 
342. 

118, 127, 386, 457, 460, 500, 541, 567. 
127. 

386. 

57, 9"/, 265, 342, 386, 400, 457, 460, 475, 500, 505, 

541, 550, 580, 587. 
386. 



400. 
550. 



400. 

57, 102, 127, 234, 336, 500, 550, 587, 636. 

234. 

57, 224, 386, 400, 500, 550, 567, 587. 

57, 127, 193, 386, 400, 457, 475, 500, 550, 567, 

580, 587. 
57, 127, 386, 475, 500, 505, 550, 567, 580, 587, X. 
57, 400, 475, 500, 550, 580, 587, X. 

57, 400, 550, 587. 

102, 234, 400, 500, 550. 

118, 127, 265, 275, 336, 342, 358, 386, 457, 460, 

475, 500, 550, 556, 567, 587. 
118, 127, 185, 265, 275, 336, 342, 386, 457, 460, 

475, 500, 505, 541, 550, 556, 567, 587. 
507. 
507. 
57, 127, 224, 265, 342, 386, 400, 457, 460, 475, 

500, 505, 507, 541, 550, 587. 
507. 
507. 
507. 
507. 

505, 507, 587. 
57, 127, 265, 400, 475, 500, 550, X. 



57, 118, 127, 275, 386, 457, 460, 475, 500, 541, 

567, 580, 587. 
97, 342, 505. 
97, 127, 460. 
475. 



See note at end of table for definition of abbreviations. 



98 



TABLE 15B. -Syntheti 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 

r^anic chemicals: Toners and lakes for which United States product! 
reported , identified by manufacturer , J 957 --Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



TONERS OR FULL-STRENGTH COLORS— Continued 

*Red toners — Continued 

»Rhodajnine B (C.I. 1U9), PMA 

»Rhodamlne B (C.I. 749), PTA 

KRhodamine 6G (Rhodamine 6GDN) (Rhodamlne Y) 

(C.I. 752), IMA. 
«Rhodamine 6G (Rhodamlne 6GDN) (Rhodamlne Y) 

(C.I. 752), PTA. 

Sulfanll red 

»Toluldlne red, C.I. 69 

Vulcan fast red B (Pr. 476) 

Vulcan fast red BBE 

All other 

Violet toners: 

Cyclo blues 

Ethyl \rlolet (C.I. 682), PMA 

Ethyl violet (C.I. 682), PTA- 

»Methyl violet B (C.I. 680), fugitive 

»Methyl violet B (C.I. 680), IMA- 

*Methyl violet B (C.I. 680), PTA 

Methyl violet oleate 

Permanent violet RL 

All other 

Yellow toners : 

Benzidine yellows : 
^Benzidine yellow (deb and aaa) 

Benzidine yellow (deb and aamx) 

Benzidine yellow (deb and aaoa) 

^Benzidine yellow (deb and aaot) 

Benzidine yellows, other 

Hansa yellows : 
»Hansa yellow G, Pr. 103 (mnpt and aaa) 

Hansa yellow 3G 

Hansa yellow 5G, Pr. 104 (ona and aaa) 

»Hansa yellow lOG, Pr. 105 (pcona and ooaaa)- 

Hansa yellow 13G 

Hansa yellow M 

Hansa yellow 3R, Pr. 280 

Hansa yellow 4R 

Hansa yellow (mnpt and aaot) 

Hansa yellow (pna and aaa) 

Hansa yellows, other 

Permanent yellow GT 

All other 

REDUCED OR EXTENDED TONERS 

Black toners, reduced: 
»Baslc black 

Carbon black, reduced 

Carbon black, toned 

All other 

*Blue toners, reduced: 

Alkali blue, C.I. 704- 

Indanthrene blue GCD (C.I. 1113)— 

Indanthrene blue RS (C.I. 1106)- 

Methylene blue (C.I. 922)- - 

»Peacook blue R (C.I. 664), IMA 

Peacock blue R (C.I. 664), PTA 

»Phthalocyanine blue B (alpha modification), 
Pr. 481. 
Phtha^ooyanlne blue BG (green shade) (beta 

modification). 
Phthalocyanlne blue G (metal-free), Pr. 482— • 

See note at end of table for definition of abbreviations. 



57, 224, 234, 336, 342, 494, 505, 587. 

57, 127, 224, 234, 275, 386, 400, 460, 475, 494, 

505, 541, 567, 587. 
127, 224, 234, 336, 457, 460, 475, 494, 498, 505, 

537. 
57, 127, 224, 234, 386, 400, 457, 475, 505, 541, 

580, 587. 
567. 
57, 118, 127, 185, 265, 275, 336, 358, 386, 400, 

457, 460, 475, 500, 541, 550, 556, 567, 587, 636. 
507. 
507. 
386, 500, 507, 567, X, X. 

157. 
234. 
234. 
97, 127, 193, 234, 342, 457, 460, 498, 505, 541, 

567, 580, 587. 
57, 97, 118, 127, 193, 224, 234, 275, 336, 342, 

358, 457, 460, 475, 494, 498, 500, 505, 541, 556, 

580, 587. 
57, 127, 224, 234, 457, 475, 500, 505, 550, 567, 

580, 587. 
567. 
507. 
X, X. 



57, 118, 127, 224, 265, 342, 358, 386, 400, 457, 
460, 475, 498, 500, 541, 550, 567, 580, 587, 636, 
X. 

57, 507, 550, 580. 

475, 567, 587, X. 

57, 118, 127, 224, 400, 457, 460, 475, 500, 507, 550, 
567, 580, 587, 636, X, X. 

224, 500, 636, X, X. 

57, 118, 127, 265, 336, 358, 386, 400, 457, 460, 

475, 500, 541, 550, 556, 567, 580, 587, 636. 
275, 587. 

265, 457, 587, 636. 

57, 127, 224, 336, 457, 475, 500, 550, 587, 636. 
550. 
500. 

457, 507. 
500, 636. 
475. 
475. 

102, 636, X, X. 
507. 
400, 475, 507, 636, X. 



224, 


234, 


505. 
















234. 




















234. 




















475. 




















118, 


457, 


505. 
















550, 


587. 


















400. 




















234, 


505. 


















224, 


234, 


494. 
















494, 


587. 


















118, 


224, 


234, 


336, 


400, 


472, 


475, 


500, 


505, 


550 


587. 


















400, 


567. 



















TONERS AND LAKES 



99 



TARLE ISB. --Synthetic org/tnic chemicals: Toners and lakes for which United States production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer , 7957- -Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list In tatle 27) 



REDUCED OR EXTENDED TONERS— Continued 

«Blue toners, reduced — Continued 

Setoglaucine (Peacock blue G) (Rhoduline blue 6G) 
(C.I. 658), fugitive. 
«Setoglauclne (Peacock blue G) (Rhoduline blue 60) 
(C.I. 658), FMA. 
Setoglaucine (Peacock blue G) (Rhoduline blue 6G) 
(C.I. 658), PTA. 

Victoria blue B (C.I. 729), fugitive - 

Victoria blue B (C.I. 729), FMA 

Victoria blue B (C.I. 729), PTA 

Victoria blue R (C.I. 728), IMA^ - 

Victoria blue R (C.I. 728), PTA - 

■»Victoria pure blue B (Pr. 198), MA 

Victoria pure blue B (Pr. 198), PTA 

All other 

»Brown toners, reduced: 

Bismarck brown G (C.I. 331), fugitive 

Bismarck brown R (C.I. 332), fugitive 

Indanthrene brown RY 

Para brown 

*Green toners, reduced: 

Benzidine yellow and iron blue 

Benzidine yellow and phthalocyanine blue 

Brilliant green (C.I. 662), fugitive 

^Brilliant green (C.I. 662), HIA 

Brilliant green (c.I. 662) and auramine (C.I. 
655), MA. 
»Brilliant green (C.I. 662) and benzidine yellow, 
MA. 
Brilliant green (C.I. 662) and benzidine yellow, 
PTA. 
♦Brilliant green (C.I. 662) and thioflavine (C.I. 

815), raiA. 

Brilliant green (C.I. 662) and thioflavine (C.I. 
815), FTA. 

Malachite green (C.I. 657), fugitive 

^(Malachite green (C.I. 657), PMA 

Malachite green (C.I. 657), PTA 

Malachite green (C.I. 657) and auramine (C.I. 

655). 
Malachite green (C.I. 657) and thioflavine (C.I. 
815), HIA. 

»Phthalooyanine green, Pr. 4-83 . 

■K-Pigment green B, Pr. 149 

Shamrock green 

*Maroon toners, reduced: 

B.O.N, maroon (Lithol maroon) (Tobias acid and 
bon). 

Indanthrene maroons 

Naphthol AS-OL maroon (Pr. 311) and pcona 

a-Naphthylamlne maroon, C.I. 82 

*Orange toners, reduced: 

Benzidine orange (dob and pnp) 

Dianlsidine orange (dianlsidine and aaa or aaot)- 

2,4-Dinitroaniline orange (dna and bn) 

Naphthol AS-D (Pr. 306) and doa plus mca 

o-Nitroaniline orange (ona and bn) 

»Red toner's, reduced: 

Alizarin red 

Bona arylamine (Virginia red) 

o-Chloro-p-nitroam" line red (Chlorinated para 
red) (ocpna and bn). 

Eosine (Bromo acid toner) (C.I. 768) 

Fuchsine (Magenta) (C.I. 677), fugitive 

Lithol red 20 (C.I. 166) - - 

♦Lithol red R, C.I. 189: 

Barium toner 

Calcium toner 

Sodium toner 

»Lithol rubine B (C.I. 163) : 

♦Naphthol reds: 

Naphthol AS (Pr. 302) and doa 

Naphthol AS (Pr. 302) and oca 

Naphthol AS (Pr. 302) and pnot 

Naphthol AS (Pr. 302), Naphthol AS-D (Pr. 306), 
and doa. 

Naphthol AS-BS (Pr. 305) and mnpt— — 

♦Naphthol AS-BS (Pr. 305) and pnoa 



224, 


234, 


494, 


498, 


505, 


587. 


234, 


505, 


587. 








224, 


234, 


505. 








234. 












234, 


475. 










587. 












234, 


587. 










234, 


400, 


■^57, 


498, 


505, 


587. 


127, 


505. 










224. 












234. 












-^75, 


505. 










234. 












224. 












587. 












587. 












505. 












224, 


234, 


400, 


498, 


505, 


580, 587 


193, 


234. 










400, 


505, 


580. 









550 
102 
475 

234 
400 
127 
102 
358 

234 
118 
118 

336 
505 
457 

127 
234 
234 
5V, 

102, 
234. 
400, 
102. 

336. 
118, 



224, 234, 400, 475, 505, 580. 
336, 505. 

457, 494, 505. 
505. 



118, 224, 234, 308, 400, 457, 472, 505, 550. 
193, 234, 336, 400. 



587. 
550. 
224, 234. 

505, 587. 



505, 587. 

193, 234, 386, 475, 505. 
386. 

127, 234, 475, 505, 587. 

193, 234, 336. 

475, 567, 587. 

265, 400, 457, 475, 500, 567, 587. 



See note at end of table for definition of abbreviations. 



lOO 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



tabu; 15H.- -Syntheti 



rganic chemicals: Toners and lakes for which United States production or sales wer 
reported , identi fied by manufacturer , 1957 --Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



REDUCED OR EXTENDED TONERS- -Continued 

«Red toners, reduced — Continued 
*Naphthol reds — Continued 

Naphthol AS-D (Pr. 306) and nnpt 

Naphthol AS-D (Pr. 306) and ranpt plus ona 

Naphthol AS-D (Pr. 306) and ona 

Naphthol AS-D (Pr. 306) and pnot 

Para red, light, C.I. AA 

»Para red, dark 

Peimanent red 2B (Pr. 553) (ocptms and bon) 

Pigment rubine 3G (pcams and bon) 

Pyrazolone red 

«Rhodamine B (CI. 7A9), fugitive 

»Rhodamine B (C.I. lA'i), PMA 

»Rhodamine B (C.I. 1A9) , PTA— 

Rhodamine B (C.I. 74-9) and auramine (C.I. 655), 

BtA. 
Rhodamine B (C.I. 74-9) and rhodamine 6G (C.I. 

752), IMA. 
Rhodamine 6G (Rhodamine 6GDN) (Rhodamine Y) (C.I. 
752), fugitive. 
*Rhodamine 6G (Rhodamine 6GDN) (Rhodamine Y) (C.I. 

752), mk. 
*Rhodamine 6G (Rhodamine 6GDN) (Rhodamine Y) (C.I. 
752), PTA. 

Safranlne (C.I. 841), fugitive 

»Toluidlne red, C.I. 69 

»Vat pink (C.I. 1211) — 

All other 

Violet toners, reduced: 

*Ethyl violet (C.I. 682), BJA 

Ethyl violet (C.I. 682), PTA 

Indanthrene brilliant violet RH (C.I. 1104) 

Indanthrene red violet RH (C.I. 1212) 

^Methyl violet B (C.I. 680), fugitive 

«Methyl violet B (C.I. 680), HJA- 

^Methyl violet B (C.I. 680), PTA - 

Yellow toners, reduced: 

Auramine (C.I. 655), fugitive 

Auramine (C.I. 655), FMA 

^Benzidine yellows : 

Benzidine yellow (dob and aaa) 

Benzidine yellow (deb and aaot) 

Benzidine yellows, other 

*Hansa yellows: 

*Hansa yellow G, Pr. 103 (mnpt and aaa) 

Hansa yellow 5G, Pr. 104 (ona and aaa) 

Hansa yellow lOG, Pr. 105 (pcona and ooaaa) 

Lithol fast yellow 3GD 

Hansa yellows, other 

LAKES OR LAKED COLORS 

Black lakes : 

Carbon black 

*Logwood black (C.I. 1253) 

Pulp bone black 

All other 

»Blue lakes: 

Brilliant blue FCF 

"Brilliant wool blue FFR (Pr. 40) 

Methylene blue 

Patent blue (C.I. 671) 

»Peacook blue, fugitive (Patent blue) (C.I. 671)-- 

Phthalocyanine blue, sulfonated 

Phthalocyanine blue and fastusol yellow 

True blue 

TurqiKjise blue (C.I. 661) 

Victoria blue 

All other 

"Brown lakes: 

Blsmarok brown, tannic acid lake 

All other 

"Green lakes: 

Acid green B (C.I. 669) 

Brilliant green (C.I. 662) 



102. 
















102. 
















102. 
















505, 


567. 














234, 


358, 


587. 












127, 


193, 


224, 


336 


505, 


587. 






57, 


127, 


193, 


224, 


336, 


358, 


386, 


400, 457, 475 


505, 587. 












234, 


575. 














500. 
















127, 


193, 


234, 


505. 










224, 


234, 


498, 


505. 










400, 


457, 


475. 












580. 
















234, 


505. 














505. 
















224, 


234, 


400, 


498, 


505. 








102, 


234, 


336, 


400, 


475, 


505. 






505. 
















102, 


118, 


127, 


193, 


358, 


400, 


500, 


505, 587. 


57, 


127, 


224, 


234, 


505. 








580. 
















234, 


400, 


498, 


587. 










400. 
















400, 


550. 














102. 
















127, 


193, 


224, 


234, 


475, 


505, 


580. 




234, 


336, 


400, 


457, 


494, 


498, 


505, 


587. 


127, 


234, 


505. 












224, 


234. 














234. 
















400, 


541, 


580. 












234, 


400, 


500, 


550, 


567, 


587. 






500. 
















234, 


400, 


498, 


559, 


587. 








336. 
















224, 


234, 


400. 












400. 
















102. 

















102, 279. 

127, 279, 498, 535. 

279. 

279. 

127. 

102, 279, 535. 

336, 541. 

505. 

57, 97, 127, 234, 275, 279, 336, 342, 460, 475, 494, 

505, 541, 567, 580, 587, X. 
505, 535. 
102. 
494. 
494. 
494. 
X. 

127. 
279, 535. 

57, 505, 535. 
494. 



See note at end of table for definition of abbreviations. 



TONERS AND U^KES 



101 



TARLE ISTi. 'Synthetic organic chemicals: Toners and lakes for which United States production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer , J957- -Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



LAKES OR LAKED COLORS- -Continued 

«Green lakes — Continued 

Brilliant green (C.I. 662) and naphthol yellow S 
(C.I. 10). 

Emerald green 

Green lalse CPS 

Malachite green (C.I. 657) and fast light yellow 

(C.I. 636). 
Peacock blue (C.I. 671) and naphthol yellow S 
(C.I. 10). 

Pigment green B, Pr. 1-^9 

Shamrock green 

All other 

■KMaroon lakes : 

Alizarin maroon (C.l. 1041) 

Amaranth (C.I. ISA) 

Azo Bordeaux (C.I. 88) 

Hypemio (C.I. 12*^3)— 

All other 

Orange lakes: 

Acid orange R (C.I. 161) 

Naphthol AS-OL (Pr. 311) 

♦Persian orange (Acid orange Y) (Orange II) 
(C.I. 151). 

All other 

»Red lakes: 

♦Alizarin red B (C.I. 1027) 

Anthosine red 53 

Azo rubine (C.I. 179) 

Carmine (G.I. 1239) - — • 

Croceln scarlet 3BX (Cochineal lake) (C.I. 183)- 

*Helio fast rubine 4-BL (Pr. 406) 

Lithol rubine B (C.I. 163) — - 

Pigment scarlet 

♦Pigment scarlet 3B (C.I. 216) 

Polar red (C.I. 430) - 

Red lake C 

♦Scarlet 2R (C.I. 79) 

Turkey red, medium 

All other 

♦Violet lakes: 

♦Acid violet (C.I. 698) 

Alizarin purple 

Methyl violet 

Purple lake R 

All other 

♦Yellow lakes: 

Benzidine yellow 

Fast light yellow (C.I. 636) — 

Quercitron (Flavinfe) (C.I. 1251) 

Quinoline yellow (C.I. 801) 

♦Tartrazine (C.I. 640) 

All other 



185, 
185. 
279. 



500. 
500. 
587. 

500, 
127, 
234, 
587. 
279, 

127, 
275. 
102, 



127, 

234. 

505. 

73. 

127. 

265, 

500. 

185. 

57, 

234. 

500. 

127, 

185. 

185, 

279, 
636. 
279, 
336. 
457. 



550. 
500. 
336, 358, 505, 587. 

535. 

275, 494. 

224, 279, 342, 475, 494, 541, 567, 587, X. 

587. 

193, 224, 475, 500, 550, 587, 636. 



358, 400, 457, 475, 505, 507, 587, 636. 

127, 224, 400, 457, 475, 505, 636. 

193, 265, 279, 336, 475, 505, 507, 535, 587. 
494, 535, 580, X. 
457, 505. 
535, X. 



500. 

127, 457, 475. 

587. 

127, 587. 

57, 127, 224, 275, 541, 550, 567, 580, 587. 

X. 



See note on p. 102. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



i02 

Note to table 15B 

Note. — The C.I. ( Colour Index ) and Pr. (prototype) numbers shown in this report are the identifying numbers 
given, respectively, in the 1st edition of the Colour Index and in the prototype list of the TeehTiical Mj^mial 
and Yearbook of the American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists. Parentheses around a C.I. or Pr. 
number indicate that it is the number of the dye from which the specified toner or lake was produced. When 
the C.I. or Pr. number is not enclosed in parentheses the named toner itself is listed in the Index or 
Manual . 

The abbreviations IMA and PTA stand for phosphomolybdic and phosphotungstic acids, respectively. Pigments 
formerly listed as PTMA (phosphotungstomolybdlc acid) are now included with PTA colors. 
Intermediates used in the manufacture of certain colors are abbreviated as follows: 

aaa acetoacetanilide 

aamx acetoacet-meta-xylidide 

aaot acetoacet-ortho-toluidide 

bn beta-naphthol 

bon beta-oxynaphthoic acid (3-hydroxy-2-naphthoio acid) 

dca dichloro aniline 

deb dichlorobenzidine 

dna dinitroaniline 

moa meta-chloroaniline 

mnpt meta-nitro-para-toluidine (2-nitro-para-toluidlne) 

mtps meta-toluidine-para-sulfonic acid (2-amino-para-toluenesulfonic acid) 

oca ortho-chloro aniline 

ocaaa ortho-chloroacetoacetanllide 

ocpna ortho-chloro-para-nitroaniline (2-chloro-<i-nltroaniline) 

ocptms ortho-chloro-para-toluidine-meta-sulfonic acid (6-amino-4-ohloro-meta- 

toluenesulfonic acid) 

ona ortho-nitro aniline 

pcams para-chloroaniline-meta-sulfonio acid (5-amino-2-chlorobenzenesulfonlc acid) 

pcona para-chloro-ortho-nitroaniline (A-chloro-S-nitroaniline) 

pmp phenylmethylpyr azolone 

pnoa — -1 para-nitro-ortho-anisidine (5-nltro-ortho-anlsidine) 

pnot para-nitro-ortho-toluidine (5-nitro-ortho-toluidine) 



MEDICINALS 
Medicinals 



I03 



TABLE nB. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Kedicinals for which United States production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1957 

[lifedlcinals for which separate statistics are given in table 17A are marked below with an asterisk (»); 
medicinals not so marked do not appear in table 17A because the reported data are accepted in confidence 
and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from table 27. An X 
signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number with the 
designated product] 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



I 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC 



3-Acetamido-4-hydroxydithiobenzenearsonous acid, 3- 

hydroxypropylene ester (Arsthinol) . 
3-Acetamido-2,'i.,6-triiodobenzoic acid and sodium 

salt. 
Acetarsone (N-Acetyl-A-hydroxy-m-arsanilic acid) 
(Stovarsol) . 

Acetylglycol salicylate 

»Acetylsalioylic acid (Aspirin) 

Adrenaline (Epinephrine) 

»Amino acids: 

3,5-Diiodotyrosine 

Hydroxy-l-proline 

d-Phenylalanine 

dl-Phenylalanine 

1-Phenylalanine 

l-Proline 

dl-Triiodothyronine 

d-Tyrosine 

dl-Tyrosine 

l-Tyrosine 

2-Amino-4-arsenosophenol (Mapharsen) hydrochloride — 
m-Aminobenzoio acid derivatives: 

2-Isobutylamlnoethyl m-amlnobenzoate (Unaoaine) — 
*p-Aminobenzoic acid and derivatives: 

p-Aminobenzoic acid 

Benzocalne (Ethyl p-aminobenzoate) ■ 

Butacaine (3-Di-n-butylaminopropyl p-andno- 
benzoate ) base . 

Butacaine sulfate 

Butesin (n-Butyl p-aminobenzoate) 

Butesin picrate (Di(n-butyl p-aminobenzoate)- 
tr initrophenol ) . 

2-Chloroprocaine hydrochloride 

2-Diethylaminoethyl 4-amino-2-propoxybenzoate 

(Ravocaine) hydrochloride. 
2-Diethylamlnoethyl 2-butoxy-3-aminobenzoate 
(Primacaine) hydrochloride. 

Isobutyl p-aminobenzoate (Cycloform) 

2-Isobutylaminoethyl p-aminobenzoate (Monooaine) — 
Procaine base and salts: 
»Procaine base (2-Diethylamlnoethyl p-amlno- 
benzoate) (Novacalne base). 

*Prooaine hydrochloride 

Procaine isobutyrate 

Procaine pyrrolidone oarboxylate 

Propyl p-aminobenzoate 

Tetracaine (2-Dimethylaminoethyl p-butylamino- 
benzoate ) base . 

Tetracaine hydrochloride 

p-Amlnobenzolc acid salts: 

Calcium p-aminobenzoate 

Magnesium p-aminobenzoate 

Potassium p-aminobenzoate 

»Sodium p-aminobenzoate 

p-Amlnohippurlc acid 

/i-Amino-2-methyl-l-naphthol hydrochloride 
(Synkamln). 

^^-Aminosalicylic acid 1 

^-Aminosalicylic acid salts: 

Calcium ^-aminosalicylate 

♦Potassium 4-aminosallcylate 

Sodium 4-amlnosalioylate 

3-Amino-2,4,6-trliodophenyl-2-ethylpropionic acid — 

sec-Amyltricresol 

Anlsoin (4,4' -Dimethoxybenzoin) 

1,8,9-Anthratriol (Anthralin) 

♦Antihistamines : 

2 - ( Benzhydry loxy ) -N , N -dimethylethylamine hydro - 

chloride . 
p-Chlorobenzhydryl-m-methylbenzyldiethylene- 
diamine (ifeclizlne) dihydrochloride . 



404, 516. 

309. 

198, 230, 236, 350, 552, 

45, 256, 404, 415, 554. 

125, 562. 

616. 

452. 

236, 404. 

452, X. 

616. 

426. 

90. 

236. 

459, 616. 

256. 

662. 

12, 508, 522. 
309, 516. 
516. 

516. 

309, 516. 
516. 



334, 415. 




404. 




662. 




309. 




335, 662. 




508, 516, 


522. 


212, 508, 


516, 522, 660 


508. 




X. 




309. 




309, 388. 




309, 388, 


404. 


508. 




508. 




12, 278, 


508, 522. 


12, 278, 


508, 522. 


267, 278. 




256, 573. 




256, 554, 


567. 


554, 567. 




508, 554, 


578. 


256, 554, 


567. 


404. 




415. 




368. 




516. 





491001 O -58 -8 



I04 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



TABLE 17B. --Synf/ieti 



organic cher 
re reported, 



icais; Medicinals for which United States production or sales 
identified by manufacturer. 19 57 --Continued 



MEDICINAI£, CYCLIC— Continued 

Ben 2 eno id- -Continued 

^■Antihistamines — Continued 

N ,N-Diniethyl-2- (a -phenyl -o-toloxy) ethylamine 

dihydrogen citrate. 
2-(Methylbenzhydryloxy)-N,N-diinethylethylamine 
hydrochloride . 

Benzaldehyde 

Benzoic acid 

Benzoic acid salts: 

Ammonium benzoate 

Lithium benzoate 

Benzyl alcohol 

Benzyl-2-aminopropan-l-ol 

Benzyl succinate 

3,'4-Bis(p-hydrGxyphenyl)-2,3-hexadiene 

3,4-Bis(p-hydroxyphenyl)-2,3-hexadiene diacetate 

*Bismuth subgallate 

*Bismuth subsalicylate 

N,N'-Bis(3-nitrobenzenesulfonyl)ethylenediamine 

Bis(4-nitrophenyl) disulfide 

tert-Butyleresol 

l-Butyl-3-p-tolylsulfonylurea 

Carbarsone (p-Carbamidobenzenearsonlc acid) 

Carbobenzoxy chloride 

6-Chloral-7-sulfaiiyl-l,2,'i-benzothiadiazine-l' - 
dioxide . 

Chloramine T (Sodium p-toluenesulf onchloramide ) 

Chloromercuri-<4-nitro-o-cresol 

Chloro thymol 

Chlorotris(p-methoxyphenyl) ethylene (Tri-p-anisyl 

ohloroethylene ) , 
l-Cyclohexyl-3-diethylamino-l-phenyl-l-propanol 
ethiodide. 

p-(Cyclohexyloxy)benzoic acid 

Desoxyanisoin 

3,5-Diacetamido-2,4,6-triiodobenzoic acid, sodium 
salt. 

Dialuminum acetyl-o-salicylate 

p,p'-Diaminodiphenyls\ilfone-N,N' -di(dextrose sodium 
sulfonate) . 

2,5-Diaminotoluene sulfate 

a-Diethylamino-2,6-acetoxylidine 

2-Diethylaminoethyl diphenylacetate hydrochloride 

P-Diethylaminoethyl diphenylthioacetate hydro- 
chloride. 

P>P^-(lj2-Diethylethylene)diphenol (Hexestrol) 

P>p'-(l,2-Diethylethylene)diphenol (Hexestrol) 

diphosphoric ester, sodium salt. 
P>p'-(l,2-Diethylethylene)diphenol (Hexestrol) 
dipropionate . 
«a,a'-Diethyl-i,4'-stilbenediol (Diethylstilbestrol)- 

a,a'-Diethyl-4-,'i'-stilbenediol dipropionate 

a,a'-Diethyl-4.,4'-stilbenediol palmitate 

3,4-Dihydroxynorephedrine (3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl- 
propanolamine) hydrochloride. 

p-(3,5-Diiodo-4-hydroxyphenyl)-a-hydratropio acid 

6-Dimethylamino-4,4-diphenyl-3-heptanone hydro- 
chloride (Dolophine) (Methadone). 
a-d-4-Dimethylamlno-l,2-diphenyl-3-methyl-2- 
propoxybutane hydrochloride . 

Y-Dimethylamino-a,a-diphenylvaleramide 

P-Dimethylaminoethyl(l-hydroxyoyclopentyl) phenyl 

acetate (Cyclopentolate) hydrochloride. 
Dimethylethyl(Y -carbamyl-Y ,Y-diphenylpropyl) 
ammonium bromide. 

Dimethyl-3-hydroxyphenylafflmonium chloride 

N,a-Dimethylphenethylamine (Desoxyephedrine) base 

N,P-Dimethylphenethylamine base and hydrochloride 

»N,a-Dimethylphenethylamine hydrochloride 

«d,N,a-Dimethylphenethylamine hydrochloride 

N,p-Dimethylphenethylamlne phosphate 

Dlmethyl-p-toluidine 

3,5-Dinitrobenzamide 

Diphenylacetic acid 

Diphenylacetyldiethylamlnoethanol hydrochloride 

3,5-Dipropionamido-2,4,6-triiodobenzoic acid and 
sodium salt. 

Dipropylene glycol salicylate 

p-(Dl-N-propylsulfaniyl)benzoic acid (Benemld) 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



572. 
363. 
479. 



589. 

349. 

408. 

481. 

508. 

554. 

554. 

334, 396, 495, 589, 642. 

350, 495, 589, 642. 

329. 

567. 

309. 

89, X. 

12, 388. 

388. 

X. 

198. 
516. 

539, 642. 
138. 

_ 567. 

481. 
368. 
404. 

516. 
256. 

562. 
60. 
309. 
296, X. 

368, X. 
X. 

X. 

368, 481, 516. 

368. 

481. 

404. 



311, 547. 
481, 495. 



572. 
82. 

572. 

426. 

554, 578. 

309. 

278, 554, 578. 

278, 516, 554, 578. 

309. 

562. 

329. 

508. 

394. 

495. 

187. 
642. 



MEDICINALS 

TABLE ns. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which United States production or sale 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, /957- -Continued 



I05 



fr 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC --Continued 
Benzeno id- -Continued 

Dithiosalloylio acid ^ 

*Dyes, medicinal: 

Acriflavine (3,6-Dianiino-lO-methylaoridine 

chloride ) . 
2,<»-Dlajnino-<i' -ethoxyazobenzene hydrochloride 
(Serenium) . 

2,6-Diaininophenylazopyridine 

Gentian violet 

Merbromin (Dibromohydroxymercurifluorescein, 
sodium salt) . 

Methylene blue 

Methyl violet 

Proflavine (3,6-Diaiidnoaoridlne sulfate) 

Scarlet red (Phenol red) 

Trypan blue 

All other 

l-Ephedrine (a -(1-Methylamlnoethyl) benzyl alcohol) 

Ephedrine, racemic 

N-Ethyl-3,3'-diphenyldipropylam.ne 

N-Ethyl-3,3' -diphenyldipropylamlne citrate 

N-Ethyl-3,3'-diphenyldipropylaiiiine hydrochloride— 

Ethylene glycol salicylate 

N-Ethylephedrine hydrochloride 

Ethyl (iodophenyl)hendeoanoate (Pantopaque) 

Ethylmercurithiosalicylio acid 

a-Ethyl-a-phenylglutarimide (Doriden) 

Ethyl salicylate carbonate 

Gallic acid 

Gentisic acid (2,5-Dihydroxybenzoic acid) 

Germanin (Naphuride) (Suramin) 

Glycol monosallcylate 

Guaiacol, liquid and crystalline 

Hexylresorcinol 

p-Hydroxyaoetanilide 

m-Hydro3cybenzaldehyde 

p-Hydroxybenzoio acid esters: 

Benzyl p-hydroxybenzoate — 

n-Butyl p-hydroxybenzoate (Butoben) 

Ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

»Propyl p-hydroxybenzoate — 

p -Hydroxy-p -(2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)lsopropylamine 
hydrochloride (Methoxamine) . 

N-2-Hydroxyethylgentisamide 

o- [3- (Hydroxymercuri ) -2- (methoxyethoxy) propyl- 
carbamoyl] phenoxyacetio acid (Merethoxylline). 
Hydroxymercuri-4-nitro-o-cresol anhydride 
(Metaphen) . 

4-Hydroxy-3-nitrobenzenearsonlc acid 

p-Hydroxypropiophenone (Hydrophen) 

o-Iodobenzoio acid 

a - ( Isopropylaminomethyl ) protoc atechuyl alcohol 
( Aleudrine ) . 

Mandelic acid (Phenylglycolic acid) 

Mandelic acid, derivatives: 

Ammonium mandelate 

Calcium mandelate 

N-2-Hydroxyethylmandelamide 

o-Methoxy-N ,a-dimethylphenethylamine ( 1- (o- 
Methoxyphenyl) -2-methylaminopropane ) hydro- 
chloride . 
«3-(o-Methoxyphenoxy) -1,2-propanediol (Glyceryl 
guaiacyl ether) . 

Methylamlnoethanolcateohol, racemic 

l-Methyl-4-carbethoxy-4-phenylhexamethylenimine 

(Ethoheptazine) citrate. 
N-Methyl-3 j-i-methylenedioxythenethylamine hydro- 
chloride . 
«a-Methylphenethylamine (Amphetamine) (Benzedrine) 
base. 

d-a-Methylphenethylamine base 

a-Methylphenethylamine salts: 

a-Methylphenethy lamina hydrochloride 

o'-Jfet):^lphenethylamine phosphate 

o-Methylphenethylamlne sulfate 

d-a-Methylphenethylamine salts: 

d, a-Methylphenethylamine hydrochloride 

d, a-Methylphenethylamine phosphate 



Manufacturers' Identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



632. 
267. 
490, 589. 

267, 567. 

267. 

267. 

267. 

267. 

267. 

642. 

642. 

368. 

368. 

368. 

309. 

138. 

562. 

481, 573. 

394. 

309. 

495. 

309. 

404. 

198, 278. 

198, 479. 

577, 578, 642. 

163, 327, 554. 

267. 

479, 481. 

309, 479. 

479. 

12, 163, 309, 479. 

12, 163, 309, 479. 

202. 

309. 
481. 

516. 

329. 

516, 554. 
388. 
278, 368. 

327, 495. 

388. 
495. 
481. 
554. 



12, 163, 278, 309. 



656. 
640. 



304, 465, 578. 

578. 

578. 

554, 578. 
304, 554, 578. 

554, 578. 
554, 578. 



K}6 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 

TABLE nB." -Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which United States production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , J957- -Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC--Continued 
Ben zenoirf-- Continued 

d-a-Methylphenethylamine salts — Continued 
d,a-Methylphenethylamine sulfate 

2,7-Naplithalenediol (2,7-Dihydroxynaphthalene) 

2-Naphthol ( g-Naphthol) - 

2-Naphthyl benzoate 

N-(l-Naphthyl)ethylenediamine hydrochloride 

Neosti^ilne bromide 

Neostigmine methyl sulfate 

Neosynephrine (Phenylephrine) hydrochloride 

p-Nitrobenzenearsonic acid 

Norephedrine (Propadrlne) hydrochloride 

Octylcresol 

Octylresorcinol 

P ar edrine ( p -Hydroxy-a-methylphenethylamine ) 

hydrobromide . 
Phenacaine [ (Di-p-ethoxyphenyl) acetamidine] 
hydrochloride. 

Phenaoetin (Aoetophenetidin) 

Phenolphthalein 

Phenolsulfonio acid salts: 

Aluminum phenolsulfonate 

Ammonium phenolsulfonate — 

Calcium phenolsulfonate 

Copper phenolsulfonate 

Sodium phenolsulfonate 

Zinc phenolsulfonate 

a -Phenylhendecanoio acid 

2-Phenyl-l,3-indandione (Danllone) 

♦Phenyl mercuric derivatives: 

o-Chloromercuriphenol (o-Hydroxyphenylmercuric 
chloride ) . 

Phenylmercuric acetate 

Phenylmerourio benzoate 

■Phenylmercuric borate 

Phenylmercuric chloride 

Phenylmercuric nitrate ^ 

Phthalazone 

Pyrogallio acid 

Resorcinol monoacetate 

Resoroinol monobenzoate 

wSalicylamide 

*Salioylio acid 

■"Salicylic acid salts: 

Ammonium salicylate 

Calcium salicylate 

Magnesium salicylate 

Manganese salicylate 

Mercuric salicylate 

Potassium salicylate 

"Sodium salicylate 

"Strontium salicylate 

Salicyl salicylate (Salysal) 

Salol (Phenyl salicylate) 

Sodium antimony III biscatechol-2,4-disulfonate 
(Fouadin). 

Sodium benzyl succinate 

Sodium ethylmercurithlosalioylate 

Sodium o-iodohippurate dihydrate (Hippuran) 

Sodium phenoxyacetate 

"Sulfa drugs: 

N'''-Acetyl-3,'i-dimethyl-5-sulfaiiilamido isoxazole 

Benzoylsulfanllamlde 

Benzoylsulfanilamide, sodium salt 

p-Benzylaminobenzenesulfonamide 

N-"-- (3, 4-Dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl) sulfanilamide 

2-Methyl-l,3,4,5-sulfanllamidothiadiazole 

Neo-Prontosil 

Nisulfazole 

p-(p-Nitrophenylsulfonamido)acetanilide 

(N*-Acetyl-N -('l-nitrophenyl) sulfanilamide ) . 

■|<N*-Phthalylsulfaacetamide 

Phthalylsulfathiazole 

Prontosil soluble (Disodium 4-sulf aminophenyl- 
2-azo-7-acetylamino-l-hydroxynaphthalene-3,6- 
disulfonate) . 

Sulfadiazine 

Sulfadiazine,, sodium salt 

Sulfaethylthiodiazole 



30;, 


554, 


578. 


577. 






133. 






388. 






431, 


578. 




426, 


431, 


578. 


278, 


404, 


577. 


329. 






309, 


578. 




577. 






577. 






304. 






278, 


404. 




198, 


236. 




198. 






495. 






163, 


329. 




495. 






495. 






329, 


495, 


618. 


495. 






562. 






278, 


368. 




212, 


415. 




132. 






132, 


212. 




132, 


212. 




132, 


212. 




132, 


212. 




267. 






495. 






465, 


562, 


577. 


557. 






163, 


522, 


589, 618 


198, 


236, 


460, 479 


12, 


163. 




163, 


236. 




495. 






163. 






495. 






163, 


495, 


589. 


198, 


236, 


479. 


163, 


236, 


479, 495 


163. 






236, 


589. 




404. 






508. 






481, 


573. 




495. 






516. 






426. 






567. 






567. 






404. 






426. 






567. 






404. 






404. 






329. 






12, 


?08, 


547. _ 


311 


642. 




404. 






567. 






567 






567. 







MEDICINALS 



I07 



TABLE 17B -Synthetic organic chemicals: Kedicinals for which United States production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, i957- -Continued 



MEDICINAl^, CYCLIC--Contlnued 

Be nze no id- 'Con tinned 

»Sulfa drugs — Continued 

Sulfaguanldine 

Sulfamerazine (2-Sulfanllamlde-4-methyl- 
pyrlmldine) . 

Sulfamerazine, sodium salt 

Sulfamethazine (Sulf adlmethyldiazine) 

Sulf amethoxypyridazine 

Sulfanilamide (p-Aminobenzenesulf onamide) 

«N-Sulf anilylaoetamide (Sulf aaoetamide) 

N-Sulfanilylacetamide, sodium salt 

Sulfapyridlne 

Sulfapyridine, sodium salt 

Sulf aquinoxallne 

Sulfasuxidine (Sucoinylsulf athiazole) 

Sulfathalidlne 

Sulf athiazole 

Sulf athiazole, sodium salt 

[Sulf onyltis (p-phenylenimino)l dimethanesulf inlo 

acid, disodium salt (Diasone) . 
<!,<;' -Sulf onyldlanillne (-ij-i'-Diaminodiphenylsulfone) 

Tannin albuminate (Tannalbin) 

Thiosalioylio acid 

•Thymol 

Thymol iodide 

»3-o-Toloxy-l,2-propanediol (o-Cresyla-glyoeryl 
ether) . 
Vitamins: 

*K (Menadione) (2-Methyl-l,4-naphthoquinone) 

K (ifenadlone), sodium bisulfite 

K (2-Methyl-l,4-naphthoqulnone), (diphosphorio 

ester, tetrasodium salt) . 
K . (2-Methyl-3-phytyl-l,4-naphthoquinone) 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



Ali 



nd Hete 



567. 
567. 



5-Aoetamido-l,3,4.,-thiodiazole-2-sulfonamide 

2-Acetothiophene 

2-Acetylamino-5-nitrothiazole (Acetyl enheptin) 

Adenine base 

Adenine hydrochloride '■ 

Adenine sulfate 

Adenosine 

Adenosinedlphosphorlc acid 

Adenosinediphosplioric acid, barium salt 

Adenosine-5-phosphoric acid 

Adenosinetriphosphoric acid 

Adenosinetriphosphorlo acid, salt 

Adenylic acid 

Adenylic acid, isomers A and B 

•Alkaloids and related products: 

Arecoline (Methyl 1,2,5,6-tetrahydromethyl 
niootinate) hydrobromlde. 

Atropine amlneoxide hydrochloride 

Berberine hydrochloride 

Brucine 

Colchicine 

•Digitalis gluoosides: 

Digifolin 

Dlgitalin - - 

Digitonin 

Digoxin 

Gitalin 

Dihydromorphine hydrochloride 

Ergonovine maleate r 

Ergotamine tartrate 

Eserine salicylate 

Ethylmorphlne hydrochloride 

Euoatropine hydrochloride 

Homatropine 

Homatroplne hydrobromlde 

•Homatropine methyl bromide 

Hydrastine 

I^rastine hydrochloride 

l-3-Hy<iroxy-N-allylmorphinan tartrate 

1-3-Ifydroxy-N-methylmorphinan tartrate 

Hyoscine (Scopolamine) 

HyoBoine (Scopolamine) amlneoxide hydrobromlde 

Hyoscine (Scopolamine) methylbromide 

d-3-Jfethoxy-N-methylmorphlnan hydrobromlde 



567. 




567. 




567. 




567, (A2. 




12, 508, 547. 




12, 547. 




567, 642. 




567. 




642. 




311, 642. 




642. 




567, 642. 




567, 642. 




516. 




256. 




12, 163, 577. 




481, 573. 




408, 433, 539. 




495, 642. 




133, 309, 554, 


578. 


256, 278, 465, 


480, 516, 648 


516, 648. 




426. 





567. 

660. 

567. 

452, 588. 

452. 

452, 562, 588. 

351, 452. 

351. 

452. 

351, 452. 

452. 

351, 452. 

452. 

452. 

377. 

18. 

515, 516, 589. 
642. 

516, 589. 

394. 

589. 

577, 589. 

202. 

589. 

495. 

481. 

515. 

589. 

495. 

50. 

368, 578, 642. 

368. 

208, 368, 578, 642. 

589. 

516, 589. 

426. 

426. 

589. 

18, 163. 

368. 

426. 



I08 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 

TABLE IIB. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinats for which United States production 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , 2957- -Continued 



Mamifaoturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MEDICINAIS, CYCLIC— Continued 



Ali 



nd Hete 



»Alialoids and related products — Continued 

Nicotine salicylate 

Rauwolfia serpentina (Alseroxylon) fraction 

Rescinnamine 

»ReEerpine 

Strychnine 

Totaquine 

Totaquine sulfate 

Tubocurarine 

Tubocurarine dimethylether chloride 

Veratrine 

Veratrum viride ( Aliavervir) 

Allantoin (5-Ureidohydantoin) 

6-Allyl-6,7-dlhydro-5H-dibenz[c,e]azepine, 
phosphate salt. 
*Amlno acids: 

dl-Acetyltryptophane 

Histidine 

Hlstidine hydrochloride 

d -Tryptophane 

dl-Tryptophane 

1-Tryptophane 

2-Jliiiino-5-nitrothlazole (Enheptln) 

»AntlbioticE for human or veterinary use: 

Aotidlone 

Amphomycin 

*Bacitraoin 

Carbomycin (Magnamycin) 

Chloroampheniool (Chloromycetin) 

Chlortetracycllne (Aureomycin) hydrochloride 

Cycloserine 

*Dihydrostreptomycin 

Erythromycin 

Pumagillin 

Gramicidin 

^Neomycin, base 

Novobiocin 

Nystatin 

Oleandomycin ■ 

Oxytetraeycllne (Terramycin) hydrochloride 

»Penlcillin salts: 

Aluminum penicillin G 

Benzathine penicillin G 

Benzathine penicillin V 

Calcium penicillin V 

Chloroprocaine penicillin 

1-Ephenamine penicillin G 

Hydrabamlne penicillin V 

Penicillin V 

^Potassium penicillin G 

Potassium penicillin V 

^Procaine penicillin G 

*Sodium penicillin G 

Sodium penicillin 

Polymlxln B sulfate 

Spontin 

^Streptomycin 

*Tetraoycllne 

Thiostrepton 

Tyrothricin 

Viomycin 

^Antibiotics for animal feed supplements, food 
preservation, and crop spraying: 

Bacitracin 

Chlortetracycllne (Aureomycin) hydrochloride 

Oxytetracycline (Terramycin) hydrochloride 

Penicillin salts; 

Benzathine penicillin G 

.Procaine penicillin G 

Streptomycin 

■^Antihistamines : 

2-( Benzhydryloxy) -N,N-dlmethylethylaiiilne 8- 

chlorotheophyllinate . 
2- [Benzyl(2-dimethylaminoethyl) amino] pyridine 
(N,N-Dimethyl-N'-benzyl-N'-pyridylethylenedi- 
amine) . 
2 [l-(p-Bromophenyl) -3-dimethylaminopropyl] - 
pyridine (Parabromolylamine) maleate. 



577. 

363. 

39^. 

363, 394, 395, 396, 495, 589, 642. 

642. 

589. 

589. 

321. 

321. 

589. 

363. 

577. 

426. 



404. 
128. 
128. 
236. 
404. 
404. 
567. 

415. 

572. 

351, 396, 416, 589. 

396. 

256. 

567. 

416, 

321, 

481, 

516. 

589. 

321, 396, 415, 567, 589, 642. 

X, X. 

321. 

396. 

396. 



481. 

396, 481, 567, 642. 

516. 



396. 

396, 640. 

640. 

516. 

415. 

416. 

516. 

481. 

321, 396, 415, 481, 516, 572, 640, 642 

516. 

321, 

321, 

415. 

396. 

516. 

321, 

396, 

321. 

589. 

396. 



396, 415, 416, 481, 516, 572, 640, 642. 
396, 415, 642. 



396, 481, 567, 642. 
567, 572. 



153, 351, 416, 589. 

567. 

396. 



321, 396, 481, 516, 572, 642. 
396, 567, 642. 



160. 
394. 



MEDICINALS 



109 



TABLE 173. •-Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which United States production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , i957- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MEDICINAI5, CYCUC—Continued 

Alicyclic and He terocycl tc- -Continued 

"Antihistamines — Continued 

l-('i-Chlorobenzhydryl) -4-iiiethylpiperazine hydro- 
chloride. 
2-[(p-Chlorobenzyl)(2-dlmethylaminoethyl)] - 

pyridine. 
2-[p-Chloro-a-( 2-dlme thy lamlnoethyl) benzyl] - 

pyridine maleate. 
2- [l-( p-Chlorophenyl) -3-dliiiethylaminopropyl] - 

pyridine maleate ( Chlorophenylpyrldamine 

maleate) . 
l-(p-Chlorophenyl)-2-phenyl-4-pyrrolidyl-2- 

butanol. 
l-(p-Chlorophenyl)-2-phenyl-4-pyrrolidyl-l- 

butene diphosphate and hydrochloride. 
1- (p-Chlorophenyl) -2-phenyl-4-pyrrolldyl-l- 

butene hydrobromlde. 
2 [(5-Chloro-2-thenyl) ( 2-dlmethylamlnoethyl) - 

amino] pyridine citrate (N,N-Dimethyl-N'2- 

pyridyl-N'2-(5-chlorothenyl) ethylenediamlne 

citrate) . 
2-[a -( 2-Dimethylaiiiinoethoxy) -a-methylbenzyl] r 

pyridine succinate (2-(tethyl-2'-dimethyl" 

amlnoethoxybenzyl) pyridine succinate) . 
2-[(2-Dimethylamlnoethyl) (p-methoxybenzyl)- 

amlno] pyridine maleate. 
2-[(2-Dimethylamlnoethyl)(p-methoxybenzyl)- 

amlno] pyrimldine (N,N-Dlmethyl-N'-p- 

methoxybenzyl-N-2-pyrimidylethylenedlamine) . 
2- [( 2-Dimethylaminoethyl) thenylamino] pyridine 

fumarate (N,N-Dimethyl-N'2-pyrldyl-N'2- 

thenylethylenediamine fumarate) . 
2- [( 2-Dime thy lamlnoethyl) thenylamino] pyridine 

hydrochloride (N, N-Dimethyl-N'2-pyridyl-K.'2- 

thenyle thy lenedi amine hydrochloride) . 
N-( 2' -Dlmethylamino-2' -methyl) ethylphenothlazine 

hydrochloride . 
2- [3-(Dimethylamino) -1-phepylpropyl] pyridine 

maleate (Prophenpyridamine maleate). 
2-Jtethyl-9-phenyl-2,3,'t,9-tetrahydro-l-pyridlndene 

hydrogen tartrate. 
N-( 1-Pyrrolidyl) ethylphenothlazine hydrochloride — 

Thenylpyraiiiine-o,4-hydroxybenzoyl benzoate 

Antlpyrine (l,5-Dlmethyl-2-phenyl-3-pyrazolone) 

"Barbituric acid 

"Barbituric acid derivatives: 

5-Allyl-5-sec-butylharblturio acid 

5-Allyl-5-(2-oyolopenten-l-yl)barbiturio acid 

and salt (Cyclopal). 

5-Allyl-5-lsobutylbarbituric acid and salt 

»5-Allyl-5-( 1-methybutyl) barbituric acid 

(Secobarbital) and salt. 
5-Allyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid and salt 

(Alphenal) . 

5-n-Butyl-5-ethylbarbituric acid (Neonal) 

"5-sec-Butyl-5-ethylbarbituric acid 

»5-seo-Butyl-5-ethylbarbituric acid, sodium salt 

5-(l-Cyclohexen-l-yl)-l,5-dimethylbarbiturlc 

acid (Evlpal). 
5-(l-Cyolohexen-l-yl)-lj5-dlmethylbarbiturio 

acid, sodium salt. 
5-(l-Cyclohexen-l-yl)-5-ethylbarbiturlo acid and 

salt. 

5,5-Dlallylbarbituric acid (Dial) 

»5,5-Diethylbarbiturlc acid (Barbital) 

5,5-Diethylbarblturic acid, sodium salt 

5-Ethyl-5-lsoaiDylbarbiturio acid and salt 

(Amytal) . 

5-Ethyl-5-isopropylbarbituric acid and salt 

5-Ethyl-5-(l-methyl-l-butenyl) barbituric acid 

(Delvlnal) . 
«5-Ethyl-5-( 1-methyl -n-butyl) barbituric acid 

(Pentobarbital) . 
•5-Ethyl-5-( 1-methyl -n-butyl) barbituric acid, 

sodium salt. 
5-Ethyl-5-( 1-methyl -n-butyl) -2-thiobarblturlc 

acid and salt (Pentothal). 
5-Ethyl-l-methyl-5-phenylbarbiturtc acid 

(Jfephobarbital) . 



516. 
547. 
578. 
547. 

481. 
481. 
481. 
198. 

138, 334. 



642. 








327. 








198, 


516. 






198, 


404, 


516. 




640. 








547. 








426. 








415. 








481. 








236. 








306, 


335, 


516. 




404. 








278. 








278, 


554. 






133, 


278, 


335, 


481, 632 


278. 








516. 








278, 


335, 


516. 




278, 


335, 


516, 


632. 


404. 








404. 








404. 








278. 








278, 


481, 


516. 




278, 


516. 






278, 


335, 


481. 





278, 


335, 


516, 


632 


278, 


335, 


516. 




516. 








404. 









no . SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, I957 

TABLE 17B. "Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals lor which United States production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1957- -Continued 



MEDICINALS, CYCUC—Continued 



Alicycli 



nd Heterocyclic- -Cant\.nueA 



«Barbituric acid derivatives — Continued 

»5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbiturio acid (Phenobarbital) 
( Diminal) . 

5-Ethyl-5-phenylbart)iturio acid, calcium salt 

«5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbiturio acid, sodium salt 

5-[2-(Me thy Ithio) -ethyl] -5-( 1-methylbutyl) -2-thio- 
barbiturio acid. 

Barium inosinate 

N-Benzoyl ethylpiperldine hydrochloride 

2-Benzyl-2-imidazoline (Tolazoline) hydrochloride— 
»Bile acids and salts : 

Bilirubin 

Bilron 

"Cholic acid 

*Dehydrocholic acid 

Dehydrocholio acid, sodium salt 

»Desoxycholic acid 

Ketooholanic acids 

Mixed oxidized bile acids 

»Bromocamphor, mono 

4.-N-(Butoxy) phenyl -^-morpholinyl propyl ether 

hydrochloride . 
a-Butyloxycinohoninic acid diethylethylenediamide 
and hydrochloride (Nupercaine) . 

»Caffeine, natural 

«Caffeine, synthetic 

Caffeine derivatives, natural and synthetic: 

Caffeine citrate 

Caffeine sodium benzoate 

Camphor, synthetic, U. S. P 

Camphoric acid 

Camphoric anhydride 

Camphosulfonic acid 

Camphosulfonic acid salts: 

Calcium camphosulfonate 

Sodium camphosulfonate 

Carboxymethyloellulose, sodium salt 

N- [3-( Carboxymethylmercaptomercuri) -2-methoxy- 
propyl]-a-camphoramate, disodium salt. 

Cellulose, oxidized 

V-Chloro-A-CA-diethylamino-l-methylbutylamino)- 
quinoline ( Aralen) . 
<5-Chloro-7-lodo-8-quinolinol ( lodochlorohydroxy- 
quinoline) . 
<l- [3-( 2-Chlor-lO-phenothiazyl) -propyl] -l-( 2- 
hydroxyethyl) -piperazine. 

p-Cholesterol 

Cinchophen (2-Phenylqulnoline-4-carboxylic acid) 

Cinohophen, sodium salt 

Cocarboxylase 

Coenzyme A 

Coramine (Nikethamide) 

Cozymase ■ 

a-Cyclohexyl-a-phenyl-l-piperidinepropanol 

a-Cyclohexyl-a-phenyl-l-pyrrolidinepropanol 
methylohloride . 

Cyclopentanol 

Cyclopentyl bromide 

l-Cyclopentyl-2-methylpropylamine ( Cyolopentamine) 

hydrochloride. 
l-Cyclopentyl-l-phenyl-3-piperidino-l-propanol 

hydrochloride . 
a-Cyclopentyl-2-thiophenylglycolio acid, 2-diethyl- 
aminoethyl ester. 

Cytidine and cytidine sulfate 

Cytidylio acid 

Cytosine 

Desoxyribonucleic acid 

Dextran ( Gluoopyranose anhydride) 

2,'i-Diamino-5-(p-chlorophenyl)-6-ethylpyrimidine — 
d,3,4( 1' ,3' -Dibenzyl-2' -keto-imidazolldo) -1,2- 
trimethylene thiophanium d-camphorsulfonate. 

A,7-Dichloroquinoline 

Diethylaminocarbethoxybioyclohexyl (Dicyclomine) 

hydrochloride (Bentyl l^drochloride) . 
6-(2-Diethylaminoethoxy)-2-dimethylaminobenzo- 

thiazole hydrochloride. 
l-Diethylcarbamyl-4-methylpiperazine dihydrogen 
citrate (Hetrazan). 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



278, 335, 404, 495, 516. 

335. 

278, 335, 404, 495. 

547. 

452. 
481. 
368, 394. 

98, 562. 

481. 

96, 160, 166. 

96, 98, 166, 515, 642. 

96. 

96, 98, 166. 

160, 208. 

96, 98. 

236, 495, 589. 

516. 

394. 

88, 349, 597. 
198, 396. 

396, 495, 642. 
278, 495, 642. 
400, 433. 
12, 577. 
12, 577. 
12, 577. 

577. 
577. 
394. 
640. 

557. 
404. 

212, 394, 508. 

547. 

98. 
567. 
567. 
452. 
351. 

12, 394. 
351, 452. 
404, 567. 
481. 

481. 
481. 
481. 

481. 

404. 

351, 452. 

452. 

306. 

452, 588. 

416, 464. 

202. 

426. 

256. 
138, 334. 

426. 

567. 



MEDICINALS 



III 



-Synthetic organic chemicsls: Medicinels for which United States production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , i957- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list In table 27) 



MEDICINAI^, CYCLIC— Continued 

Alicyclic and He f erocyc 1 ic--Contlnued 

3,3-Diethyl-5-methyl-2,4-piperldlnedione 

»Dlhydrooodelnone bitartrate 

Dihydrohydroxycodelnone hydrochloride 

3,5-Dilodo-N-methyl-4-pirrldone-2,6-dlcarboxyllo 

acid. 
3,5-Diiodo-<i-pyridone-N-acetic acid, diethanol- 
amlne. 

»5,7-Diiodo-8-qulnolinol 

1,4-Diiiiethanesulfonoxybutane (%leran) 

6,7-Dijiiethoxy-l-('i-ethoxy-3-methoxybenzyl)-3- 

methylqulnollne phosphate (Dloxyline phosphate). 
p,a-Dimethylbenzyl oamphorate, diethanolamine 

salt. 
p,a-Dimethylbenzyl canrphorate, N-ethyl-3,3'- 

diphenyldipropylamlne salt. 
Nja-Dimethyloyolohexane-ethylamlne ( 1-Cyolohexyl- 

2 -methylami nopropane ) . 
l,3-Dimethyl-4-phenyl-<i-propionoxyplperldlne 

hydrochloride (dl a form) . 
N,N-Dimethyl-4-piperldylidene-l,l-diphenylmethane 
methyl sulfate (Diphenmethanll methyl sulfate) . 
Diothane (Piperldlnepropanediol dipheny lure thane) 
base. 

»Diothane hydrochloride 

2-Diphenylacetyl-l,3-indandione 

»5,5-Diphenylhydantoin 

*5, 5 -Dipheny Ihydantoln, sodium salt 

Epoxytropine-tropate methylbromide 

5-Ethyl-3,5-dimethyl-2,4-oxazolidinedione 

Ethyl l-methyl-4-phenylisonipecotate (Demerol) 

3-Ethyl-5-phenylhydantoin 

N-Ethyl-3-piperidyl benzilate methobromlde 

N-Ethyl-3-piperidyl diphenylacetate hydrochloride-- 

Ethynyl cyclohexyl carbamate (Valmid) 

Fructose (Levulose) 

Fructose-l,6-diphosphate, dioalolum salt 

Fructose-6-phosphate, barium salt 

Furfuryl methyl ether 

Galactose 

Glucose -6-phosphate, barium salt 

Glucose -1-phosphate, potassium salt 

Glucuronolactone 

Guanine 

Guanine hydrochloride 

Guanine sulfate 

Guanoslne 

Guanyllc acid, sodium salt 

Hexamethylenetetramlne 

Hexamethylenetetramine acetamlnoBallcyllo acid 

(Sallhexin). 
Hexamethylenetetramlne anhydrometbylene citrate 
(Helmitol). 

Hexamethylenetetramlne oamphorate 

Hexamethylenetetramlne mandelate 

Hexamethylenetetramlne methyl iodide 

Hexamethylenetetramlne tetraiodlde 

Hexoklnase 

Hexosediphosphorio acid salts: 

Barium hexosedlphosphate 

Calcium hexosedlphosphate 

Magnesium hexosedlphosphate 

»Hormones (steroid): 

Adrenocorticotropic honnone (ACTH) 

Estradiol 17-cyolopentylproplonate 

Estrogenic substance • 

Fluorooortlsone 

9-a-Fluorohydrooortlsone acetate 

Fluoxymesterone 

^Hydrocortisone alcohol and acetate 

Hydrocortisone oyclopentylproplonate 

Hydrocortisone dlethylamlnoacetate hydrochloride - 

Hydrocortisone, sodium succinate 

«17-Hydroxy-ll-dehydrocortloo3terone ( Cortisone ) 
and acetate. 

Hydroxydione sodium (Vladrol) 

Methylandroatenedlal 

6-Mb thy 1-^-1-hydrooortlsone — ■, 

Methyltestosteronte 

Piperazlne estrone sulfate — 



426. 

208, 495, 589. 

208. 

547. 

404. 

12, 160, 212, 508. 

202. 

481. 

368. 

368. 



138. 

138, 334, 350. 

415. 

632. 

12, 133, 578. 

415. 

516. 

404. 

516. 

607. 

607. 

481. 

302, 455. 

452. 

452. 

350. 

302. 

452. 

452, 588. 

373. 

452, 588. 

452, 588. 

452, 588. 

351, 452. 

452. 

479. 

516. 

404. 

577. 

163, 327. 
577. 
12. 
351. 

452. 
452. 
452. 

98, 256, 415. 

415. 

420. 

642. 

415. 

415. 

396, 415, 642. 

415. 

396. 

415. 

415, 547, 642. 

396. 

394. 

X. 

394. 

516. 



112 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, I957 



TABLE 17B. --Syntheti 



r^anic chemicals: Medicinais for- which United States product ion or sale 
reported , identified by manufacturer , J957- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MEDICINAIS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Alicyclic and He terocyc I ic--Contlnued 

»Hormones (steroid) — Continued 

Potassium estrone sulfate 

Prednisolone 

Prednisolone alcohol and acetate 

Prednisone (1-Dehydrooortigone) 

Prednisone alcohol and acetate 

Progesterone 

Testosterone 

Testosterone cyolopentylpropionate 

Testosterone propionate 

Triamcinolone 

l-Hydrazinonaphthalazine hydrochloride- 

^■-Hydroxycoumarin 

8-Hydroxy-7-iodo-5-quinolinesulfonio acid 

(Yatren acid) and salt. 
3-Hydroxy-l-methylpyridinluin bromide dimethyl 
carbamate. 

8-Hydroxy-5-quinolinesulfonlc acid 

Hypoxanthlne 

a-Imidazoledicarboxylic acid 

lodoantipyrine 

Isonicotlnic acid hydrazlde 

N-'^-Isonlcotinoyl-N^-salioylidene hydrazine 

l-Isonicotinyl-2-isopropylhydrazine phosphate 

d-I^rsergio acid 

Maltose 

P -^fenthof uran 

Menthyl salicylate 

homo-hfenthyl salicylate 

6-Mercaptopurine 

6-Methoxy-8-amlnoquinoline 

P -Methoxy-y-hydroxymerouric propylamide of 

camphoric acid (Mercurial acid). 
P -Methoxy-y -hydroxymerourlo propylamide of 

camphoric acid, sodium salt with theophylline 
(Mercupurin) . 
8-( 2 ' -Me thoxy-3 -hydroxymercuri ) propylcoumarin- 
3-carboxyllo acid (Jferoumallyllo acid) . 

IfethoxyoximercuripropylEucolnyl urea 

Methylcholanthrene 

3,3' -Methylenebis[4-hydroxycoumarin] (Dioumarol) 

Methyl nicotinate 

N -Methyl -3 -piperidylbenzi latemethobromlde 

N-Methylplperldyl-3-methylphenothiazine hydro- 
chloride hydrate. 

3-(2-Methyl-l-plperldyl)propyl alcohol 

3-( 2-Msthyl-l-piperidyl) propyl benzoate 

(Metycaine) . 
3-( 2-Methyl-l-piperidyl) propyl p-6yolohexyl- 
oxybenzoate . 

Methylthiouracil 

l-Methyl-2-undecyl-3-benzyl Imidazollum bromide 

l-Msthyl-2-undeoyl-3-benzyl imidazollum chloride 

l-htethyl-2-undsoyllmldazole 

Methyluracil 

J^istyl-Y-picollnlum chloride (Quatresin) 

2-(l-Naphtbylmethyl) -2 -imidazoline (Privlne) 

hydrochloride . 
Neocinchophen (Ethyl 6-methyl-2-phenyloinohonin- 
ate) . 

5-Nitro-2-furaldehyde dlaoetate 

5-Nitro-2-furaldehyde semioarbazone (Furaoln) 

5-Nitro-2-furfurylldens-l-amlnohydaiitoln 
(Furadantin) . 

N-(5-Nitro-2-furfuTylldene)-3-amino-2-oxazol±dene 

5-Nitro-2-furfuryl methyl ether 

Novalgin ( l-Phenyl-2,3-dimethyl-<i-methylamino-5- 
pyrazolone formaldehyde bisulfite) . 

Nucleic acid 

Nucleic acid salts 

Pamaquine (Plasmochin) (N-Diethylaminoisopentyl- 
8-amlno-6-methoxyquinoline) . 

Papaverin* hydrochloride, synthetic 

Penicillamine aoetonlde 

Perparln hydi-ochloride — — •• — . 

Phenothiazine 

Phytic acid — — 

Phytic acid, calcium salt '— 



256. 

396, 6.^2. 

-ilS. 

547, 642. 

415. 

X. 

394. 

415. 

394. 

321. 

394. 

577. 

12, 212. 

426. 

660. 

452, 588. 

562. 

495. 

321, 327. 

327. 

426. 

481. 

302. 

562. 

309. 

309. 

202. 

660. 

577. 

577, 640. 



208. 

607. 

562. 

516, 567. 

163, 278, 327. 

607. 

327. 

465, 481. 
481. 

481. 

452. 

481. 

481. 

481. 

452, 588. 

415. 

394. 

567. 

350. 
350. 
350. 

350. 
350. 
163, 404. 

452. 
452. 
404. 

481, 642. 

573. 

554. 

150, 236, 400. 

459 1 

459. 



MEDICINALS 



113 



TABLE 173. --Syntheti 



organic chemicals: Hedicinals for which United States production or 
re reported, identified by manufacturer, 1957- -Continued 



Manufacturers' Identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 
Alicyclic and We terocycl ic--Continued 



«Piperazine -^ 

opiperazlne derivatives: 

N-Benzhydryl-N'--niethylpiperazine base and 
hydrochloride . 

N-Carbethoxyplperazine 

N-(p -Cyclohexyl-p-hydroxy-p-phenyl)ethyl-N'- 

methylpiperazine methosulfate. 
N-(P ,p -Diphenyl-p -hydroxy) ethyl -N' -methylpip- 
erazine dihydrochloride. 

Methyl-N-methyl-N-piperazine acetate 

N-Methylpiperazlne 

Piperazine adlpate 

Piperazine calcium ethylenedlamine tetraacetate 
(Perin) . 

»Plperazine citrate 

Piperazine dihydrochloride 

Piperazine hydrochloride 

Piperazine phosphate 

»Piperazine tartrate 

aym-N-Tetramethylpiperazlne diiodide 

a-(2-Piperidyl)benzhydrol hydrochloride 

6-Propyl-2-thlouracll 

Pyridlum ( 2,6-Diamino-3-phenylazopyridine) 

l-(2-Pyrldylazo)-2-naphthol 

P-Pyridyloarbinol and tartrate 

Qulnacrine (Atebrin) (2-Jfethoxy-6-chloro-9- 

diethylaminopentylamlnoacrldlne) . 
8-(Julnollnol (8-Hydroxyqulnollne) salts and 
esters: 

8-Quinolinol base 

8-Qainolinol benzoate 

8-Quinollnol citrate 

8-Qulnollnol hydrochloride 

8-Qulnollnol siilfate (Quinosol) 

8-Quinollnol sulfate, potassium salt 

8-Qulnollnol sulfate, zinc salt 

8-Qulnollnol tannate 

Rutin 

Terpinol hydrate 

4, 5, 6, 7-Tetrachloro-2-( 2-dimethylaminoethyl) - 

isoindoUne dimethlodide. 
Theobromine derivatives: 

Theobromine calcium salicylate 

Theobromine salicylate 

Theobromine sodium acetate 

•Theobromine sodium salicylate 

•Theophylline (1,3-DijDethylxanthlne) base and 
derivatives : 

8-Bromotheophylllne 

8-Chlorotheophylllne 

p-Hydroxypropyltheophylline 

Theophylline amlnoisobutanol 

Theophylline base 

Theophylline ohollnate 

•Theophylline ethylenedlamine ( Aminophylllne ) 

Theophylline ethylenedlamine, sodium biphosphate- 

Theophylline magnesium 

Theophylline methoxyoximerauripropylsucoinylurea- 

Theophylline monoethanolamine 

Theophylline sodium acetate ■» — 

2-Thlouracil 

Thymidine 

•Tranquilizers (including benzenoid) : 

l-p-Chlorobenzhydrol-4-[2-(2-hydroxyethoxy)- 

ethyl] piperazine (l^riroxyztne ) dihydrochloride. 
2-Chloro-10-(3-dimethylamiuopropyl)phenothlazine 

( Chlorpromazine) hydrochloride . 
2-Chloro-10-[3-( l-methyl-4-piperazlnyl) -propyl] - 
phenothlazine dlmaleate. 

2-(p-Chlorophenyl)-3-methyl-2,3-butanedlol 

10-(y -Dime thy laini nopropyl) phenothl azlne 
(Promazine) hydrochloride. 

2-Ethyl-3-propylglycidamlde 

a-('i-Plperldyi)benzhydrol (Azocyclonol) hydro- 
chloride . 
2-Trlf luoromethyl-10-( 3-dlmethylamlnopropyl) - 
phenothlazine (Triflupromazine) hydrochloride. 
3,5,5-Trlmethyl-2,<i-OKazolidlnedione (Trldione) 



12, 163, 309, 388, 516, 537, 566. 
202. 



516. 
516. 



516. 

516. 

537. 

12, 163, 309, 508. 

208. 



163, 202, 309, 321, 388, 508, 537. 

508, 537. 
537. 

163, 202, 388, 537. 
163, 508. 
388. 



12j 

163 

12, 

12, 

12, 

12, 

138. 

567. 

327. 

334.. 

426. 

404. 



212,508, 660. 

212, 508, 660. 

212, 508, 660. 

212. 

212, 508, 660. 

508. 

660. 

660. 

508, 589. 

508, 589. 

394. 



632. 
642. 
642. 
495, 589, 642. 



278. 
278. 
278. 
278. 
278, 
327. 
160, 
589. 
495. 
607. 
481. 
278, 
567. 
452. 



335, 396, 495. 

278, 335, 396, 508, 642. 



304. 
304. 



481. 
640. 



334. 
334. 



321. 
516. 



114 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 

TABLE 173. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Kedicinals for which United States production or 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , I957--Continued 



>Januf aoturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 
Alicyclic and He terocyc ! ic--Contlnued 

Triphoephopyridine nucleotide 

3-Tropanol (Tropine) 

Tropine benzhydryl ether methanesulfonate 

Uracil 

Uric acid 

Uridine — 

Uridine triphosphate 

Uridylic acid- 

l-Vinyl-2-pyrrolldlnone iodine complex polymer 

^Vitamins: 

»A, from all sources: 

A acetate 

A acetate (feed grade) 

A alcohol 

A esters (natural) 

A palmitate 

A palmitate (feed supplement) 

p -Carotene 

»Bi (Thiamin hydrochloride) 

*Bi (Thiamin nitrate) 

B2: 

»(Riboflavin for human consumption) (100^) 

^(Riboflavin for animal and poultry consumption) 
(I005t). 

Riboflavin-5' -phosphate, monosodium salt 

»B6 (Pyridoxine) 

»Bi2 (100?6): 

Feed grade 

Pharmaceutical quality 

U. S. P. Crystalline 

*D2 (Irradiated ergosterol) (Calciferol) 

»D3 (Irradiated animal sterol) (Delsterol) 

E (a -Tocopherol) 

E (a -Tocopherol acetate)- 

Biotin 

Folic acid 

Inositol 

*Nlaoln (Nicotinic acid) 

^Niacinamide (Nicotinamide) 

Nicotinamide hydrobromide 

Nicotinamide hydrochloride 

Nicotinic acid (animal feed) 

Xanthine 

Xanthine, monosodium salt 

J^lose 

MEDICINALS, ACYCLIC 

Aoetyloarbromal ( l-Acetyl-3- ( 2-bromo-2-ethyl- 
butyryl)urea) . 

Acetylcholine bromide 

Acetylcholine chloride 

S-Acetylglutathlone 

Acetylmethlonlne 

Aoetyl-§ -methylchollne bromide 

Acetyl-P -methylohollne chloride 

*Amino acids; 

d -Alanine 

dl-Alanine (dl-a-Alanlne) 

1-Alanine 

*§ -Alanine 

l( +) -Arginine 

1(+) -Arginine hydrochloride 

d-Asparaglne 

dl-Asparagine 

dl-Aspartlc acid 

l(+)-Aepartlc acid 

Chloroacetyl-1-tryptophane 

1-Citrulllne— — 

1(+) -Cystine 

t)-Dimethyl glycine 

Glutamic acid and salts: 

*!(+) -Glutamic acid 

l( +) -Glutamic acid, calcium salt 

1( +) -Glutamic acid hydrochloride 

l(+) -Glutamic acid, monoammonlum salt 

l( +) -Glutamic acid, monopotassium salt 

l(+)-Glutamine 

Glycine (Amlnoacetio acid)--——- 

Glycine hydrochloride 

Glycine hydrolodide 



351. 








368. 








X. 








452, 


588. 






302, 


X. 






351, 


452. 






351. 








452. 








507. 








395, 


396, 


426, 


562, 642. 


396, 


642. 






395. 








562. 








396, 


426, 


562, 


642. 


396, 


426. 






426. 








426, 


567, 


642. 




426, 


567, 


642. 





153, 426, 642. 

153, 351, 416, 426, 567, 642. 



426. 

426, 567, 642. 



339, 351, 396, 416, 431, 567, 642. 



196, 215, 256, 377, 404, 406, 455. 
196, 377, 404, 455. 



53, 377, 383, 480, 516, 611, 642. 
327, 516, 642. 



554. 

562. 

642. 

452. 

236,341, 439. 

388, 642. 

388, 642. 

452. 

236, 642. 

452. 

377, 516, 550. 

128. 

128, 616. 

128. 

128. 

128, 267, 302, 616. 

302. 

616. 

452. 

616. 

616. 

90, 269, 406, 642. 

508. 

90, 406, 508. 

406. 

90. 

90. 

236, 335. 

562. 

163. 



MEDICINALS 



115 



TABLE 173. '-Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinais for which United States production or 
were reported , identified by manufacturer , J957- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MEDICINALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

*Anilno acids — Continued 

2-Hydroxy-4-(methylthio)butyric acid, calcium salt 

dl-Isoleuoine 

1-Isoleuoine 

dl-Leuoine 

1-Leucine 

l(+) -lysine hydrochloride 

d-Methlonine 

dl-Methionlne 

1-Methionine 

Methionine, feed grade 

dl-Nor leucine 

1-Omi thine 

dl-Serine 

1-Serine 

dl-Threonine 

p-Toluenesulfonyl-1-arginine methyl ester 
hydrochloride . 

d-Valine - — . 

dl-Valine - - - 

1-Valine-— 

Amino acid mixtures 

Amyl nitrite (Isoamyl nitrite) 

Auro-thioglucose 

»Betaine base 

Betaine hydrate 

*Betalne hydrochloride 

Bromoform (Tribromome thane) 

Broraural (a-Bromoisovalerylurea) 

Cacodylic acid derivatives: 

Iron cacodylate 

Sodium cacodylate 

Calcium bromolactobionate 

Calcium iodobehenate 

Calcium lactophosphate 

Calcium levulinate 

Calcium succinate 

Carbaminol choline chloride 

Carbamyl-2 -hydroxypropyltrimethylammonium chloride — - 

Carbromal (Bromodiethylaoetyloarbamlde) 

Chloral hydrate 

»Chloretone (tert-Trlchlorobutyl alcohol) 

2-Chloro-N,N-dimethylamine (Dimethylaminoethyl 
chloride) hydrochloride. 

2-Chloro-N,N-dimethylpropylamine hydrochloride 

3-Chloromercuri-2-methoxypropylurea 

2-Chlorotriethylamine ( Diethylaminoethyl chloride 
hydrochloride . 

P -Chlorovinylethylethynyl carblnol 

»Choline salts: 

Choline bicarbonate 

«Chollne bitartrate 

*Choline chloride, for animal and poultry feed 
and for use as an intermediate. 

■"Choline chloride, medicinal grade only 

^Choline dlhydrogen citrate 

Choline tricitrate 

Cyanaoethydrazide 

Diallylaoetic acid 

Dlalljrlacetlc acid, bismuth salt 

3-Diethylamlno-2,2-dimethylpropanol acid ester 
phosphate . 

2,2-Diisopropyl-5-hydroxymethyl-l,3-dioxolane 

1,2-Dimercaptopropanol 

2,3-Dimercapto-l-propanol (Dimeroaprol) 

Disodium methanearsonate (Arrhenal) 

Di vinyl ether 

Ethyl carbamate (Urethane) 

Ethyl chaulmoograte 

2-Ethyl-ois-crotonyl urea 

Ethylenediamine diiodlde 

Ethyl iodide 

Ethylmercurle ehlArlde— — 

Ethyl monftHat*— — 

Ethyl nitrite 

2-Ethyl-3W-iiropylglyclnailii» (Quiaotin) 

Gluconic acid salts; 

AmmonlujD gluconate —»— 

CaloluM gluooheptonate 



-iOO. 

452. 

236, 451. 

236, 404. 

459, 642. 

311, 400, 451, 642. 

452. 

236, 400. 

452. 

400. 

642. 

452. 

616. 

452. 

302, 404. 

616. 



452. 

236, 

452. 

459, 

495, 

547. 

90, 

90, 

90, 

236. 

554. 



302, 642. 



526. 
562. 



163, 480. 

163. 

163, 480, 508, 618. 



12, 256. 

12, 256. 

12, 163. 

577. 

495. 

302. 

267, 508, 589. 

388, 642. 

642. 

133, 404, 554. 

642. 

256, 309, 335. 

578. 

578. 
607. 
578. 



416. 

163, 480, 567, 618. 

416, 471, 480, 642. 

163, 480, 567, 618, 642. 

163, 480, 567, 618. 

163, 567, 618. 

306. 

X. 

X. 

426. 

554. 

334, 388. 

618. 

31. 

642. 

341. 

577. 

554. 

163, 388. 

388, 562, 642. 

481. 

577. 

495. 

138. 

396. 
302. 



116 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



TABLE 17B.- -Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which United States production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, 195 7 --Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
( according to list in table 27) 



MEDICINALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

•Gluconic acid salts — Continued 

Calcium gluconate 

Cobalt gluconate 

Copper gluconate 

Iron (ferrous) gluconate- 

Magnesium gluconate 

Manganese gluconate 

Potassium gluconate 

Sodium glucoheptonate 

Sodium gluconate 

Zinc gluconate 

Glucono-delta-lactone 

Glutathione 

Glutathione, monosodium salt 

Glutathione (oxidized) 

Glycerophosphoric acid 

Glycerophosphoric acid derivatives: 

Calcium glycerophosphate 

Sodium glycerophosphate 

Hendecenoic acid (Undecylenic acid) salts: 

Copper hendecenoate 

Sodium hendecenoate 

Zinc hendecenoate 

Hexamethyldiaminoisopropanol diiodide 

Hexamethylenebis [trimethylammonium bitartrate] 

(Hexamethonlum bitartrate). 
Hexamethylenebis [trimethylammonium bromide] 

(Hexamethonlum bromide). 
Hexamethylenebis [trimethylammonium chloride] 

(Hexamethonlum chloride). 
2-Hydroxy-4-methylisobutyric acid, calcium salt- 
Iodized oils 

Iodoform 

lodomethanesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Iron (ferrous) oxalate 

Isovaleric acid, ammonium salt 

Lactic acid salts (medicinal grades only): 

Aluminum lactate 

Iron (ferrous) lactate 

Magnesium citrate 

Malononitrile 

Msthylenecitric acid and salts 

Methylene iodide 

1-Methylhexylamlne (2-Heptylamine) 

•Methyl iodide - 

2-Methyl-2-propyl-l,3-propanediol 

Pantolactone (racemlc) 

1-Pantolactone 

Phosphoglyceric acid 

2-Propylvaleric acid and bismuth salt 

dl-Pyroglutamic acid 

d-Ribose 

Ribose-5-phosphate, barium salt 

Silver protein, mild 

Silver protein, strong 

Sodium bismuth triglycolamate 

Sodium morrhuate 

Sodium pyruvate 

•Sodium succinate 

Succinylcholine dichloride 

Succinyl peroxide 

Tartaric acid, medicinal grade 

Tartaric acid salts, medicinal grades only: 

Ammonium tartrate 

Antimony potassium tartrate (Tartar emetic) — 

Calcium tartrate 

Potassium bitartrate 

Potassium sodium tartrate (Bismosal) 

Sodium bitartrate 

■ Sodium tartrate 

Tetraethylaramonium chloride 

Tetramethylammonlum chloride 

Tetramethylammonlum hydroxide 

Thiosemicarbazide 

Thlosinamine ( Allylthiourea) 

•Tranquilizers : 2-lfethyl-2-n-propyl-l,3-propane- 
diol dlcarbamate (Meprobaraate) (Equanil) 
(Miltown) . 
2,2,2-Tribromoethanol 



396, 


495. 


163. 




163, 


396. 


163, 


388, 396 


163, 


396. 


396. 




302. 




396, 


455. 


163. 




396. 




'i52. 




452. 




452. 




479. 




479, 


515. 


479. 




163. 




163. 




163. 




388, 


404. 


578. 





198. 
160, 
495, 
163, 
133, 
388. 

163. 

495. 

495. 

306, 

404. 

404, 

481. 

388, 

309. 

256. 

256. 

452. 

X. 

616. 

452. 

452. 

256. 

404. 

335. 

577. 

452. 

267, 

202, 

309. 

229, 

334. 
396. 
163. 
229, 
229, 
396. 
495. 
256, 
388.. 
388. 
125. 
309. 
133, 



481. 
589. 
404. 
163. 



452, 660. 
642. 
495, 562. 



508, 589, 642. 
388, 404. 



396. 
396. 



309, 334, 341, 516. 



MEDICINALS 



117 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: Medici 
were reported , ident i fied by 



s for which United States production or 
jfacturer , 7957- -Continued 



I 



i 



Chemical 


Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 


MEDICINALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Trliodoethionlc acid 

•Vitamins: 

»ABoorl)io acid and derivatives: 

•Ascorbic acid 

Ascorbic acid, calcium salt 

Ascorbic acid, sodium salt 


547. 

396, «6, 642. 

396, 642. 

396, 426, 642. 

396. 

642. 

642. 

455. 

256, 377, 480, 567, 642. 

53, 215, 377, 480, 481, 516, 567, 642. 

256. 

426. 


Isoascorbic acid 

Isoascorbic acid, sodium salt 

"Pantothenic acid and derivatives: 

Pantothenic acid 

•Pantothenic acid, d-calciiim salt 

Pantothenic acid, dl-calcium salt 

Pantothenic acid, sodium salt 

d-Pantothenyl alcohol (a,Y-Dlhydroxy-N- 
(3-hydroxypropyl) -p,p-dimethylbutyramlde) . 



I 



k 



118 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 
Flavor and Perfume Materials 



rAaS. ISB.^ -Synthetic organic chemicals: Flavor and perfume materials for which United States production or 
sales *ere reported, identified by manufacturer, 1957 

[Flavor and perfume materials for which separate statistics are given in table 18A are marked below with an 
asterisk (»); those not so marked do not appear in table 18A because the reported data are accepted in 
confidence aid may not be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from 
table 27. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification 
number with the designated product] 



Material 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATEftlAIS, CYCLIC 
Btnztnoid and Naphthalenoid 



2-Acetonaphthone (Jfethyl P-naphthyl ketone) 

Acetophenone 

7-Aoetyl-6-ethyl-l .Ijij-t-tetramethyl-ljajSjA- 
tetraiydronaphthalene . 

»a-Amylcinnamaldehyde 

a-Amylclnnamaldehyde, dimethyl aoetal 

a-Amyloinnamyl alcohol 

»Anethole 

*Anis aldehyde 

Anisole (Methyl phenyl ether) 

Anisyl acetate 

Anisyl alcohol 

JShisyl formate 

Anisyl propionate 

Benzophenone 

«Benzyl acetate 

♦Benzyl alcohol ' 

«Benzyl benzoate 

*Benzyl butyrate 

»Benzyl oinnamate 

Benzyl ether 

*Benzyl formate 

Benzyl Isoamyl ether 

Benzyl Isobutyrate 

Benzyl isoeugenyl ether 

Benzyl Isovalerate 

♦Benzyl phenylacetate (Benzyl a-toluate) 

Benzyl propionate 

Benzyl salicylate 

Benzyl valerate 

a-Brcmostyrene 

4-tert-Butyl-2,6-dimethyl-3,5-dlnitroacetophenone 

(Misk ketone). 

5-tert-Butyl-4,6-dlnitrohemimellitene 

6-tert-Butyl-3-methyl-2,'i-dinltroanisole (Mask 
ambrette ) . 

5-tert-Butyl-2,4,6-trinitro-m-xylene (itisk xylol) 

Carvaorol ( Jsopropyl-o-cresol ) 

Cinnamaldehyde 

Cinnamic acid 

Clnnamyl acetate 

*Cinnamyl alcohol 

Cinnamyl anthranilate 

Clnnamyl butyrate 

Cinnamyl oinnamate 

Clnnamyl formate 

Cinnamyl isobutyrate 

Cinnamyl isovalerate 

♦Cinnamyl propionate 

Cinnamyl valerate 

Cumaldehyde (p-Isopropylbenzaldehyde ) 

trans-Deoahydro-2-naphthol 

p, a-Dlmethylbenzyl alcohol (p-Methylphenylmethyl- 
carbinol). 

a,a-Dimethylphenethyl acetate 

a, a-Dimethylphenethyl alcohol 

a, a-Dimethyl-3-phenylpropanol 

-<i,6-Dlnitro-l,l,3,3,5-pentamethylindan 

Dlphenylme thane 

l,3-Diphenyl-2-propanone (Dibenzyl ketone) 

Duloln (p-Phenetylurea) 

2-Ethoxynaphthalene (Ethyl p-naphthyl ether) 

Ethyl anlsate 

Ethyl anthranilate 

Ethyl benzoate 

Ethyl oinnamate 

♦Ethyl a,p-epoxy-p-methylhydroolnnamate (Ethyl 
methylphenylglycidate ) . 

2-Ethylhexyl salicylate 

Ethyl p-methoxycinnamate 

Ethyl methyltolylglycldate 

Ethyl p -phenylglycidate 

Ethyl salicylate 



Ifenufaoturers ' Identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



397, -408, 626. 




408, 566, 626. 




408. 




369, 397, 408, 533, 


538, 586, 626. 


397. 




626. 




10, 269, 408, 433, 


575, 626, X. 


309, 408, 626. 




408. 




277, 397, 408, 626. 




408, 626. 




397, 626. 




397, 626. 




306, 397, 408, 626, 


660. 


369, 408, 515, 586, 


626. 


335, 345, 369, 408, 


515, 626. 


198, 345, 515. 




277, 300, 309, 397, 


408, 586, 626 


42, 277, 309, 397, 


408, 626. 


397, 408. 




277, 349, 397, 408, 


626. 


408, 626. 




277, 397, 408, 626. 




397, 408, 626. 




277, 397, 408, 626. 




349, 397, 408, 626. 




277, 300, 397, 408, 


626. 


369, 408, 626. 




277, 397, 586. 




626. 




408, 515. 




408. 




408, 515. 




408, 515. 




408. 




300, 408, 626. 




335, 626. 




397, 408, 626. 




408, 538, 626. 




397, 586. 




300, 397, 408. 




408, 626. 




397, 586, 626. 




397, 408, 626. 




397, 408, 626. 




300, 397, 408, 626 




408, 586. 




408, 629. 




369. 




408. 




369. 




369. 




369, 626. 




408. 




626. 




408, 626. 




388. 




408, 626. 




309, 397, 408. 




125, 397. 




408, 479, 626. 




397, 408, 626. 




397, 408, 586, 626 


, 629. 


586. 




408. 




397. 




309, 397, 586, 626 




236, 309, 626. 





TAHLF, im. --Synthetic 



FLWOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 

rganic chemicals: flavor and perfume materials for which United States produ 
sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , /957- -Continued 



119 



[ 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC— Continued 
Btmenoid and Naphthalenoid- -Conti.n\ieA 

Ethylvanlllln - 

»Eugenol 

Eugenyl acetate 

»Eugenyl methyl ether 

Hexylcinnamaldehyde 

I^ratropaldehyde (a-Phenylpropionaldehyde ) 

I^dratropaldehyde, dimethyl acetal 

Ifydrocinnamaldehyde (p-Phenylpropionaldehyde ) 

'4-(4-l^droxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-3-buten-2-one 
(Vanillidlne acetone). 

Isoamyl benzoate (Amyl benzoate ) 

Isoamyl ciimamate (Amyl oinnamate) 

Isoamyl phenylacetate (Amyl a-toluate ) 

Isoamyl salicylate (Amyl salicylate) 

»Isobutyl benzoate t 

Isobutyl oinnamate 

»lEobutyl phenylacetate (Isobutyl ^-toluate) 

Isobutyl salicylate 

»Isoeugenol 

Isoeugenyl acetate 

Isoeugenyl methyl ether 

p- Isopropyl-a -methylhydrocinnamaldehyde ( Cyclamen 
aldehyde ) . 

»p-Methoxyacetophenone 

2-Methoxybiphenyl 

2-Methoxynaphthalene (hfethyl P-naphthyl ether) 

p-Methylacetophenone (Methyl p-tolyl ketone ) 

Itethyl anisate 

p-Methylanlsole (p-Cresyl methyl ether) 

Methyl anthranilate 

Methyl benzoate 

«a-Methylbenzyl acetate 

p-Methylbenzyl acetate 

Cl-Methylbenzyl alcohol (Methylphenyl earbinol) 

a-Methylclrmamaldehyde 

Methyl oinnamate 

Jfethyl N-methylanthranilate (Dimethyl anthranilate )- 

Methyl phenylacetate (Jfethyl a-toluate) ■ 

»Methyl salicylate (Synthetic wintergreen oil) 

»Phenethyl acetate 

»Phenethyl alcohol 

»Fhenethyl anthranilate 

»Phenethyl butyrate 

»Phenethyl cinnamate 

Phenethyl formate 

Phenethyl isobutyrate 

Phenethyl isovalerate ■ 

Phenethyl methacrylate 

Phenethyl phenylacetate (phenethyl a-toluate) 

»Phenethyl propionate 

Phenethyl salicylate 

Phenethyl valerate 

2-Phenoxyethyl isobutyrate 

Phenylacetaldehyde (cc-Tolualdehyde ) 

Phenylaoetaldehyde, dimethyl acetal 

4-Phenyl-3-buten-2-one (Benzylidene acetone ) 

l-Phenyl-2-propaiione (Benzyl methyl ketone) 

3-Phenyl-l-propyl acetate 

3-Phenyl-l-propyl alcohol (Hydrooinnamic alcohol)-— 

Propyl cinnamate 

Salioylaldehyde 

p-Tolualdehyde (p-Methylbenzaldehyde ) 

p-Tolyl acetate (p-Cresyl acetate) 

p-Tolyl isobutyrate (p-Cresyl isobutyrate) 

p-Tolyl phenylacetate (p-Cresyl a-toluate) 

a- (Trlchloromethyl) benzyl acetate (Rosetone) 

p-a,a-Trtme.thylphenethyl alcohol 

2,3,5-Trimethyl-l,2,3,6-tetrahydrobenzaldehyde 

Vanillin 

Terpenoid, Heterocyclic, and Alicyclic 

jBomyl acetate 

Bornyl isovalerate 

4-tert-Butylcyclohexanyl acetate 

Carvone (Carvol) 

Caryophyllene 

Cedrenal 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



281, 


300, 


i08. 


626. 


300, 


408, 


369, 


626. 


408, 


626. 


408, 


626. 


408, 


626. 


397. 




277, 


397, 


397, 


626. 


408, 


626. 


300, 


408, 


349, 


397, 


397, 


408, 


300, 


397, 


408, 


626. 


408, 


515, 


397, 


408, 


309, 


408, 


408, 


626, 


309, 


408, 


369, 


408. 


397, 


408, 


408, 


626. 


309, 


397, 


408, 


626. 


236, 


408, 


479. 




408, 


533, 


309. 




626. 




408, 


629. 


309, 


408, 


397, 


408. 


408. 




198, 


236, 


369, 


397, 


236, 


369, 


125, 


397, 


349, 


397, 


397, 


408, 


369, 


397, 


349, 


397, 


300, 


397, 


369. 




369, 


397, 


369, 


397, 


369, 


408, 


397, 


586. 


408, 


626. 


408, 


626. 


397, 


408, 


626. 




626. 




408, 


626, 


408, 


626. 


397. 




236. 




309, 


408, 


369, 


397, 


369, 


397, 


408, 


626. 


309, 


397. 



309, 397, 408, 515, 533, 589, 626. 



626. 



408, 626. 

626. 

408, 626. 

626. 

408, 533, 626. 

533, 538, 626. 

626. 

626. 

629. 

626. 

626. 

408. 

515, 538. 

626. 



460, 479. 
408, 516, 538. 
408, 538, 589. 
408, 586. 
408, 626. 
586, 626. 
408, 626. 
408, 626. 
408, 626. 

408, 586, 626. 
408, 626. 
626. 



479. 

408, 626. 
408, 626. 



369. 
369. 
171, 198, 349. 



397, 586. 

300. 

369. 

300, 538, 575, 589, 601. 

408. 

626. 



491001 O -58 -9 



I20 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



TABLE im.- -Synthetic organic chemicals: Flavor and perfume materials for which United States product ic 
sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1957 --Continued 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC— Continued 
Ttrpenoid. Heterocyclic, and 4 1 icycl ic--Contlnued 

»Cedrol 

ttCedryl acetate 

Clneole (Eucalyptol) 

»Cltral (Qeranlal) 

»Cltronellal 

»dl-Cltronellol 

l-Cltronellol - 

»Cltronellyl acetate 

Cltronellyl butyrate 

»Cltronellyl formate 

Cltronellyl Isobutyrate 

•Cltronellyl propionate 

«Couiiiarln 

Cyolohexadeoanollde 

Cyolopentanol 

Cyolopentanone 

Dlhydrocltronellol 

3,7-Dlmetliyl-3-ootanol (Tetrahydrollnalool ) 

»Ethyl oxyhydrate 

Furan derivatives 

«Geranlol 

»Geranyl acetate 

Geranyl benzoate 

»Geranyl butyrate 

•Geranyl formate 

Geranyl isovalerate 

Geranyl phenylacetate (Geranyl a-toluate) 

Geranyl propionate 

2-Hexyl-2-cyclopenten-l-one 

•Hydrocoumarln (Sj-i-Diliydrocoumarin) 

•Hydroxycltronellal 

Hydroxyoltronellnl, dimethyl acetal 

Hydroxycltronellol 

16-t6fdroxy-deltQ-7-hexadeoenolc acid, lactone 

Indole 

•lononee : 

»o-Ionone 

p-Ionone 

lonone (a- andP-) 

Isobornool (Isobomyl alcohol) 

Isobomyl acetate- 

Isobornyl propionate 

Isobutylqulnollne 

laopropylqulnollne 

Isopulegol 

Isopulegyl acetate 

Isosafrole 

d-Llmonene 

«Llnalool 

•Llnalyl acetate 

Llnalyl anthranllate 

Linalyl benzoate 

Llnalyl butyrate 

Llnalyl clnnamate 

Llnalyl formate 

Linalyl isobutyrate 

Llnalyl Isovalerate 

Llnalyl propionate 

•Menthol, synthetic: 

Teoh 

U.S.P 

Menthone ■ 

Menthyl acetate r 

Menthyl anthranllate 

Menthyl isovalerate 

Metahomomenthol (Cyclonol) 

Metahomoraenthyl acetate 

3-Methylcoumarln 

b-Methylcoumarin 

xMethyllonones : 

Methyl-a-lonone 

Methyl-P-ionone 

Methyllonone (a- and P-) 

Methyl-Y-lonone 

Me thyl-6 -lonone 

•Nerol 

Neryl acetate 

Nopyl acetate 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



369, 408, 533, 626. 

369, 408, 626. 

539, 575. 

281, 300, 349, 397, 408, 538, 626. 

300, 369, 408, 515, 533, 626. 

300, 369, 408, 533, 626. 

369. 

369, 397, 408, 626. 

397, 408, 626. 

369, 397, 408, 626. 

626. 

397, 408, 626. 

198, 236, 538, 626. 

369. 

248. 

248. 

408. 

408, 626. 

42, 277, 281, 397, 586. 

397. 

300, 369, 408, 515, 533, 626. 

277, 300, 369, 397, 408, 533, 586, 626. 

125, 397, 408. 

277, 300, 369, 397, 408, 626. 

300, 369, 397, 408, 533, 586, 626. 

300, 397, 586, 626. 

408, 626. 

277, 397, 408, 626. 

369. 

309, 408, 626. 

408, 533, 538, 626. 

408, 626. 

408. 

369. 

408. 

300, 349, 369, 408, 626. 

349, 408, 538, 626. 

281, 300, 349, 369, 408, 533, 538, 626. 

400. 

408, 589, 626, X. 

626. 

125, 369. 

125, 369. 

408, 533, 626. 

408, 626. 

408, 589, 626. 

35, 397, 601. 

300, 369, 397, 408, 515, 538, 575, 586, 626. 

300, 397, 408, 538, 626. 

125, 533. 

125, 408, 533. 

408. 

626. 

300, 408, 626. 

125, 408, 626. 

125, 626. 

300, 408, 626. 

309, 397, 408, 515, 538, X. 

408, 433, 515, 538. 

277, 408, 433, X. 

309, 408. 

533. 

125, 397. 

309. 

309. 

349. 

408. 

349, 369, 408. 

349, 626. 

349, 369, 408, 533, 538, 626. 

626. 

626. 

300, 369, 533, 626. 

626. 

236, 397. 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 

TATOJ, im. --Synthetic orHanic cbemicnla: Flnvor nnd perfume mnteriala for which United Stnlcn prmhictic 
sHlea were reported, identified by manufacturer , / J57-- Con tinucrl 



121 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIAI£, CYCLIC— Continued 
Terpenoid, Heterocyclic, and A licyc lie --Continued 



Manuracturcrs' ldentlflf;atlon numbers 
(according to Hot In table 27) 



Phellandrene 

»Plperonal (Hellotropin) 

•Rhodlnol 

Rhodlnol rose 

wRhodlnyl a.:etate 

Rhodlnyl formate 

"Safrole 

Santalol 

Santalyl acetate 

"Sweeteners, synthetic: 

Cyclohexonesulfamlc acid, calcium salt- 
Cyolohexanesulfamlc acid, sodium salt — 

Saccharin 

Saccharin, calcium salt 

Saccharin, sodium salt 

»Terplneols : 

a-Terplneol 

p-Terplneol 

Terpineol (a- and P-) 

Terpinol hydrate (Terpln hydrate), teoh— 

»Terplnyl acetate 

Terpinyl propionate 

l,2,3,4-Tetrahydro-6-methylqulnollne 

Tetrahydropseudolonone 

3,5,5-Trlmethylcyclohexanol 

Vetivenol 

»Vetlvenyl acetate 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, ACYCLIC 

•Allyl oaproate 

Allyl enanthate (Allyl heptanoate) - 

Allyl isothlocyanate (Synthetic mustard oil) 

Allyl propionate 

Allyl sulfide (Diallyl sulfide)— 

2,3-Butanedlone (Blacetyl) 

n-Butyl butyrate 

Butyl butyryllactate 

Butyrone (Di-n-propyl ketone) 

Capraldehyde (Decyl aldehyde) (Cio) -- 

Caprylaldehyde (Octyl aldehyde) (Cj) 

Decyl acetate 

n-Decyl alcohol 

Diethyl sebacate (Ethyl sebacate) 

Diethyl succinate 

Dlmethyloctanol 

Dimethyl succinate 

Dodecyl acetate (Lauryl acetate) 

Enanthaldehyde (n-Heptaldehyde ) (C,) 

"Ethyl butyrate 

Ethyl oaprate (Ethyl decylate )- 

"Ethyl caproate (Ethyl hexoate) 

"Ethyl caprylate (Ethyl oetoate) 

"Ethyl enanthate (Ethyl heptylate) 

Ethylene brassylate 

Ethyl isobutyrate 

Ethyl Isovalerate 

Ethyl laurate 

Ethyl levullnate 

Ethyl myrlstate 

"Ethyl pelargonate 

Glutamic acid, monopotassium salt 

"Glutamic acid, monosodium salt (Monosodium 
glutamate). 

Hendecanaldehyde (Undeoyl aldehyde) (Cn) 

2-Hendecanone (Methyl nonyl ketone) 

Hendecenaldehyde (Undeoylenic aldehyde) 

Hendecenclc acid (Undecylenlc acid) 

Hendecenol (Undeoylenyl alcohol) 

2,3-Heptanedione (Acetylvaleryl) 

Heptyl alcohol (Heptanol) 

Heptyl ether (Oenanthlc ether) 

3-Hydr»xy-2-butanone (Acetoln) 

Y-Hydroxycapryllo acid, lactone (Y-Octalactone) 

4-Hydroxyhendecanolc acid, Y -lactone (Y-Undeca- 
lactone). 

Y-Plydroxypelargonic acid, lactone (Y-Nonalaotone) 

Isoamyl butyrate (Amyl butyrate) 



309. 

408, 515, 589, 626. 

42, 281, 300, 369, 397, 408, 515, 533, 586, 626. 

533. 

42, 300, 408, 533, 626. 

369, 408, 533, 586. 

330, 408, 539, 575, 589, 626. 

369, 408. 

408. 

400, 516. 

400, 516. 

198, 518. 
518. 

198, 518. 



269, 
433, 
408. 
269. 
408, 
408, 
626. 
408. 
309. 
408, 
42, 



433, X. 
533, 538. 



433, 538, 626. 
533, 586, 626. 



533, 626. 
300, 369, 408, 533, 538, 626. 



277, 

309, 

309, 

309, 

397. 

309, 

277, 

309. 

626. 

408, 

408, 

397, 

408, 

125, 

125, 

360, 

309. 

397, 

489, 

85, 

300, 

300, 

300, 

397, 

626. 

397, 

300, 

300, 

125, 

397, 

309, 



300, 397, 408, 586, 626. 

397, 626. 
609. 

397, 586. 

335. 

397, 626. 



626. 
626. 

408, 626. 
626. 

586, 626. 

566, 626. 

626, 629. 

626. 

626, 627. 
300, 397, 626. 

397, 626. 

397, 626. 

397, 626. 

586, 626. 

626. 

626. 

397, 408, 626. 

369, 397, 408. 

408, 551. 

397, 408, 586, 626. 



90, 99, 269, 406, 459. 



626. 
626. 
626. 
626. 



626. 
, 408, 626. 



, 408, 626. 
309, 397, 626. 



122 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



TAHLE ISR. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Flavor and perfume materials for which United States production or 
sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1957 --Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, ACYCLIC- -Continued 

»Isoaniyl caproate (Amyl caproate ) 

Isoamyl oaprylate (Amyl caprylate ) 

Isoamyl formate (Amyl formate) 

Isoamyl isovalerate (Amyl isovalerate) 

*Isoamyl propionate (Amyl propionate) 

Isobutyl acetate, perfume grade only 

Isobutyl butyrate 

Isobutyl caproate 

Isobutyl isovalerate 

Isopropyl pelargonate 

Lauraldehyde (Dodecyl aldehyde) (C12) 

2-MethyLhendecanaldehyde (2-tethylnonylacetaldehyde 

Methyl hendecanoate (Methyl undecylenate ) 

6-Methyl-5-hepten-2-one 

Methyl p -methylthiolpropionate 

Methyl nonenoate (Methyl nonylenate) 

h^istylaldehyde 

Nonyl alcohol (C9) 

Ootenoio acid 

n-Ootyl acetate 

n-Octyl formate 

n-Octyl isobutyrate 

Pelargonaldehyde (Nonyl aldehyde) (C,) 

2,3-Pentanedione 

2-Propene-l-thiol (Allyl mercaptan) 

Propyl propionate 

Tributyrin 

Tricaproin 

Trimethylhendecanaldehyde 

Valerolactone 

CHESnCALLY MODIFIED ESSENTIAL OILS 

Citronella oil, acetone condensate 

Citronella oil, acetylated 

Lavandin, acetylated 

Petitgrain oil, acetylated 

Rosemary oil, acetylated 

Sassafras oil, hydrogenated 

Spike lavender oil, acetylated 



300, 


397, 


586, 


626. 


397, 


626. 






397, 


408, 


626. 




300, 


397, 


626. 




277, 


300, 


408, 


586, 626 


277, 


300, 


397, 


626. 


397, 


626. 






397, 


626. 






397, 


626. 






397. 








408, 


626. 






408, 


626. 






408. 








526. 








397. 








397, 


408, 


586. 




408. 








626. 








397. 








300, 


397, 


408, 


626. 


309, 


397, 


626. 




300, 


397, 


626. 




408, 


626. 






125. 








397. 








397, 


626. 






533. 








533. 








5?9. 








408. 








187. 








300. 








408, 


586. 






300, 


533. 






300. 








408. 








300. 









PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 



123 



Plastics and Resin Materials 



TABLE 19B. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Plastics and resin materials for which United States 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1957 

[Plastics and resin materials for which separate statistics are given in table 19A are marked below with an 
asterisk ( *) ; chemicals not so marked do not appear in table 19A because the reported data are accepted in 
confidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from 
table 27. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification 
number with the designated product] 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATEHIAIS, BENZENOID 

Aniline -formaldehyde resins 

»Coumarone-indene resins 

Diisocyanate resins 

Epoxy resins : 
»Unmodified: Epichlorohydrin-phenol and bisphenol 
^Modified 

*Petroleum polymer and condensation resins 

■x-Phenolic and other tar-acid resins: 
»Unmodif ied : 

*Bisphenol-fonnaldehyde 

*p-tert-Butylphenol-fonnaldehyde 

*Cresols-fonnaldehyde 

»Cresylio acid-fonnaldehyde 

Phenol-cresols -formaldehyde 

»Phenol-formaldehyde 

Phenol-furfural 

»Hesoroinol -formaldehyde 

Xylenols -formaldehyde 

All other * 

»Modif ied : 

*Bisphenol-formaldehyde-rosin 

«p-tert-Butylphenol-formaldehyde-rosin 

Phenol-formaldehyde, ammoniated 

*Phenol-formaldehyde-aniline 

*Phenol-formaldehyde-rosin 

Phenol-formaldehyde-terpene 

All other 

»Phthalio alkyd resins : 
*Unmodif ied : 

»Phthalic anhydride-glyoerol 



*Hithalio anhydride-glycerol-glyool- 



Manuf acturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



Ehthalio anhydride-glyoerol-glycol-penta- 
eiythritol. 
*Ehthalio anhydride-glyoerol-pentaerythritol- 



»Phthalio anhydride-glycerol-sorbitol 

*Phthalio anhydride-gljrcol-pentaerythritol- 

»Phthalio anhydride-pentaerythritol 



«Modif ied : 

»Phthalio anhydride-adiplc aoid-glycol- 



437, 638. 

51, 93, 124, 285, 3AA, 611. 

184, 377, 432. 

238, 366, 590, 591. 

51, 76, 110, 170, 184, 200, 228, 238, 260, 276, 289, 

316, 343, 344, 430, 478, 485, 491, 527, 556, 564, 

584, 591, 606, 624, 641. 
93, 205, 242, 285, 442, 487. 



51, 76, 259, 344, 392, 461, 491, 561. 

51, 92, 198, 259, 260, 346, 392, 409, 561, 564, 591, 

611, X. 
188, 259, 260, 290, 343, 392, 446, 491, 564, 582, 

591. 
77, 87, 164, 188, 259, 260, 392, 446, 449, 491, 567, 

591, 592, 611, 641. 
164, 198, 259, 449, 491, 591. 
2, 3, 4, 8, 15, 33, 36, 43, 78, 87, 91, 126, 134, 

142, 144, 164, 188, 198, 223, 241, 244, 259, 260, 

274, 275, 316, 343, 364, 392, 409, 430, 437, 446, 

449, 461, 471, 491, 500, 546, 556, 564, 567, 582, 

591, 592, 606, 611, 654, X. 
437, 564, 582, 591. 
198, 225, 259, 274, 387, 437, 471, 564, 582, 591, 

592. 
87, 164, 591. 
77, 87, 95, 142, 259, 387, 392, 413, 446, 449, 561, 

591, 611, 663. 

70, 72, 92, 269, 561, 611, X. 

51, 70, 126, 471, 504, 561, 611, X. 

316, 471. 

198, 392, 449, 591, 592. 

71, 91, 137, 244, 259, 269, 412, 449, 471, 500, 561, 
564, 591, 606, 611, 641. 

259, 564. 

61, 316, 435, 471, 500, 546, 561, 564, 591. 



11, 20, 21, 23, 51, 54, 70, 72, 76, 91, 94, 95, 109, 
110, 115, 126, 137, 158, 170, 184, 206, 211, 213, 
228, 238, 259, 260, 275, 289, 291, 298, 307, 344, 
346, 399, 400, 412, 414, 427, 445, 449, 456, 471, 
478, 491, 500, 504, 527, 531, 556, 561, 564, 567, 
584, 591, 594, 606, 611, 622, 641, 655, X. 

26, 76, 158, 238, 298, 317, 399, 400, 414, 449, 478, 
491, 500, 556, 561, 564, 606, 641. 

51, 109, 584. 

20, 23, 51, 56, 76, 94, 109, 110, 115, 129, 158, 
181, 184, 206, 213, 228, 254, 260, 289, 291, 298, 
307, 319, 344, 399, 400, 412, 414, 427, 445, 449, 
458, 478, 485, 491, 500, 504, 527, 556, 561, 564, 
567, 584, 594, 606, 611, 641. 

23, 400, 412, 449, 478, 564, 594, 611. 

51, 158, 184, 189, 206, 259, 269, 276, 284, 307, 
319, 344, 346, 399, 400, 449, 471, 478, 491, 500, 
504, 556, 561, 564, 567, 584, 606, 611, 641. 

11, 20, 21, 23, 51, 54, 71, 72, 76, 91, 94, 109, 
110, 115, 137, 158, 169, 200, 206, 211, 213, 238, 
239, 254, 259, 260, 269, 275, 284, 289, 291, 344, 
346, 399, 400, 412, 4W, 427, 441, 445, 449, 456, 
471, 478, 491, 500, 504, 527, 556, 561, 564, 567, 
611, 641, 655, X. 

51, 184, 189, 263, 284, 344, 400, 412, 414, 449, 
471, 491, 500, 527, 556, 594, 641. 

400, 449, 500, 561, 567, 584, 606, 641. 



124 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



TABLE 19B. -Syntheti 
production o 



chemicals: Plastics and res 
ere reported , identified by 



materials for which United State 
jfacturer, I957--Cont inued 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, BENZENOID— Continued 

»Phthalio alkyd resins — Continued 
^Modified — Continued 
»Phthalic anhydride-benzoic acid-glyoerol 



Phthalic anhydride-benzoic aoid-glycerol-penta- 
erythritol. 
*Phthalic anhydride-fumarie acid-glyoerol 



*Phthalic anhydride-fumarie acid-glycerol-rosin— 

Phthalio anhydride-fumarie acid-pentaerythritol- 

rosin. 
*Phthali c anhydride-glyoerol-pentaerythritol- 

phenol-formaldehyde-rosin. 
*Phthallc anhydride-glyoerol-pentaerythritol- 

rosin or tall oil. 

»Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-phenol-formaldehyde- 

*Phthalic anhydrlde-glycerol-phenol-formaldehyde- 
rosin. 



»Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-rosi 



*Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-glycerol 

*Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-glycerol- 

pentaerythritol . 
*Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-glyoerol- 

pentaerythritol-rosin. 
Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-glycerol- 

phenol-f orraaldehyde-ros in . 
»Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-glycerol- 

rosin. 
Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-glycol- 

pentaerythritol-rosin or tall oil. 
KPhthalio anliydride-maleio anhydride-penta- 

erythritol. 
*Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydrlde-penta- 

erythritol-rosin or tall oil. 
*Phthalic anhydride-pentaerythritol-rosin or tall 

oil. 

All other 

♦Polyester resins: 

*Phthalic anhydride-maleic anhydride-glycol- 
styrene. 
All other 

*Styrene resins: 

Polymethyl styrene 

♦Polystyrene 

♦Styrene-aorylonitrile copolymer 

*Styrene-alkyd polyester resins: 

♦Phthalic anhydride-glyoerol-pentaerythritol- 

styrene. 
♦Phthalic anhydride-glycerol-styrene 

All other 

♦Styrene -butadiene copolymer 

♦Styrene -divinylbenzene copolymer 

All other 

Toluenesulfonamlde resins 

All other benzenoid plastics and resin materials 

PLASTICS AND KESIN MATERIAIS, NONBENZENOID 

♦Aoetone-fonnaldehyde resins 

Acrylic reelns: 

Polybutyl methaorylate 

Polyethyl aorylate 

Polymethyl methacrylate 

All other 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



56, 76, 91, 170, 213, <;i4, <W9, ^91, 500, 556, 561, 

564, 606, 641, 655. 
184, 228, 284, 491. 

71, 126, 170, 184, 307, 414, 500, 527, 556, 561, 

584. 
95, 110, 184, 239, 289, 307, 491, 500, 556, 561, 

655. 
71, 170, 307, 414, 500, 527, 584. 

56, 91, 170, 184, 228, 399, 400, 412, 414, 491, 500 

561, 564, 584, 594, 606. 
20, 21, 94, 129, 184, 206, 211, 238, 307, 399, 412, 

414, 441, 478, 500, 556, 564, 584, 594, 606, 611, 

641. 
206, 260, 400, 412, 491, 500, 527, 561, 564, 584, 

591, 606, 611, 641. 
20, 54, 72, 170, 181, 184, 200, 275, 289, 298, 346 

414, 449, 478, 491, 500, 527, 556, 561, 564, 606, 

611, 641. 
20, 23, 54, 56, 109, 115, 158, 206, 213, 238, 254, 

259, 400, 414, 471, 478, 491, 500, 504, 527, 556, 

561, 564, 567, 584, 594, 606, 611, 641. 
11, 56, 71, 76, 158, 184, 206, 233, 239, 298, 346, 

412, 414, 441, 449, 491, 500, 527, 531, 556, 561, 

564, 584, 606, 641, 655. 
71, 76, 95, 213, 233, 254, 298, 344, 400, 412, 449 

491, 500, 561, 584, 606, 641. 
11, 71, 213, 260, 289, 412, 478, 500, 556, 561, 584, 

594, 606. 
56, 233, 346, 500. 

170, 184, 206, 298, 344, 449, 483, 491, 500, 556, 

561, 584, 594, 606, 641. 
233, 561, 584. 



, 259, 260, 284, 289, 346, 412, 414, 449, 

556, 561, 564, 606, 641. 
, 189, 206, 233, 254, 427, 491, 500, 556, 

606, 611. 

95, 110, 137, 156, 158, 184, 206, 254, 

275, 399, 427, 456, 500, 504, 527, 531, 

564, 567, 641, X. 

71, 76, 94, 184, 206, 263, 269, 284, 

414, 449, 471, 491, 500, 556, 561, 564, 



260, 316, 407, 440, 449, 471, 500, 564, 567 591 
611, 641. , ' 

51, 72, 76, i44, 170, 241, 259, 275, 359, 377, 432, 
471, 478, 491, 504, 517, 556, 561, 564, 567, 606. 

236, 316, 567. 

116, 152, 195, 198, 236, 292, 317, 387, 469, 500, 

552, 582, 591. 
198, 236, 254, 440, 550, 567, 591, 606. 

76, 206, 238, 260, 412, 491, 567, 606, 641. 

76, 238, 259, 400, 414, 491, 500, 556, 564, 567, 

584, 606, 611. 
198, 260, 263, 458, 561, 592, 606. 
195, 236, 252, 387, 400, 407, 440, 462, 550, 582, 

598, 652. 
236, 316, 471, 624. 

93, 316, 414, 462, 500, 598, 624, 641. 
198. 
241, 500, 611. 



564, 567, 591, 624. 

400, 471. 

462, 471, 491, 503, 582, 622, X. 

6, 400, 471, 491, 582. 

317, 352, 400, 471, 491, 582, 652. 



71, 95 


233 


500, 


531, 


91, 95 


170 


561, 


564, 


54, 72 


94, 


259, 


269, 


556, 


561, 


54, 56 


61, 


298, 


344, 


594, 


606. 



PIJ^STICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 

TABLE 19B --Synthetic organic chemicals: Plastics and resin materials for which United States 
TABLE 19B^.^Jyn ^^^ ^^ J^^^ ^^^^ reported, identified by manufacturer. 1957-Contmued 



125 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



I 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, NONBENZENOID— Continued 

»Alkyd resins (except phthalic): 
^Unmodified: 

KAdipio acid-glycol 

Fmnaric acid-glycol ' 

»Maleic anhydride-pentaerythritol 

Sebacic acid-glycerol 

All other 

»Modif led : 

Fumarlc acid esters : 

*Fumarlc acld-glycerol-rosin 

»Fuinarlo acid-pentaerythrltol-rosin 

All other 

Maleic anhydride esters: 

»Malelc anhydride-glyoerol-pentaerythritol- 

rosin. 
»Malelc anhydride-glycerol-rosln 

»Malelo anhydrlde-glycol-rosin 

»Malelc anhydride-pentaerythritol-rosln 



*Maleic anhydride-pentaerythritol-tall oil 

All other 

All other modified alkyd resins 

Dicyandlamlde resins 

Furfuryl resins 

Polyamide (nylon) resins 

^Polyethylene resins 

Polyfluoroethylene resins 

wRosln and tall oil esters, unmodified: 

»Rosln-glycerol 

*Rosin-glyoerol-pentaerythritol 

*Rosln-pentaerythritol 

*Tall oll-pentaerythritol 

All other 

»Rosin and terpene adduct resins: 

«Fumarlc acid-rosin 

Maleic anhydride-rosin 

All other 

^Silicone resins 

■5<-Urea and melamine resins: 
«Urea-formaldehyde type: 

»Butylurea-fonnaldehyde 

»Urea-formaldehyde 

All other 

*Melamlne-f ormaldehyde type : 

Butylmelamlne-formaldehyde 

*Melamine-formaldehyde 

All other 

»Vinyl and vinyl copolymer resins: 

♦Polyvinyl acetate 

Polyvinyl alcohol 

Polyvinyl butyral 

♦Polyvinyl chloride and copolymer res ins : 

Polyvinyl chloride 

Polyvinyl chloride-acetate copolymer 

All other 

Polyvinyl chloride-vinylldene chloride copolymer- 

Ali other 

All other nonbenzenold plastics and resin 
materials . 



400, 417, 432, 449, 471, 561. 

380, 567. 

11, 51, 200, 260, 412, 414, 491, 500, 564, 594, 606, 

611, 622, 641. 
254, 471, 478, 500, 564, 606. 
11, 105, 134, 260, 263, 380, 400, 471, 500, 527, 561, 

567, 594, 641. 



71, 126, 170, 284, 289, 346, 412, 471, 500, 504, 556, 

561, 564, 595, 611, X. 
71, 72, 181, 254, 259, 307, 344, 414, 471, 500, 527, 

556, 561, 564, X. 
527, 561, 584. 

478, 488, 500, 504, 594, 641. 

10, 23, 70, 76, 92, 137, 158, 170, 184, 259, 269, 

275, 471, 478, 500, 504, 527, 531, 561, 564, 584, 

611, 641, X. 
21, 238, 269, 346, 591, 611. 
10, 21, 51, 76, 91, 92, 94, 95, 170, 233, 254, 259, 

269, 276, 291, 298, 307, 346, 400, 414, 471, 500, 

527, 556, 561, 564, 594, 611, X. 
76, 91, 94, 110, 158, 181, 201, 254, 344, 399, 412, 

491, 500, 527, 556, 564, 606. 
260, 491, 561. 

170, 275, 414, 440, 500, 606. 
343, 371, 571, X. 
241, 592. 

216, 267, 400, 406, 462. 
113, 140, 198, 216, 236, 269, 387, 400, 422, 499, 

517, 558, 566. 
400, 462, X. 

10, 72, 76, 95, 126, 137, 170, 269, 414, 445, 504, 

527, 561, 564, 611, X. 
269, 500, 504, 564, 641. 
10, 51, 110, 201, 259, 269, 276, 346, 412, 445, 500, 

504, 527, 561, 564, 611, X. 
284, 289, 500, 504, 561, 606, 641. 
269, 556, 561, 564, 591, 641. 

10, 170, 269, 289, 471, 500, 561, 611, X. 

275, 276, 500, 564, 611, 641. 

269, 500, 606. 

222, 332, 449, 500, 591, 611. 



76, 146, 198, 400, 471, 564, 567, 606, 611. 

9, 57, 76, 78, 134, 143, 145, 159, 180, 198, 225, 
238, 243, 245, 269, 274, 297, 310, 317, 343, 347, 
352, 356, 400, 413, 4.40, 461, 467, 471, 476, 491, 
503, 524, 528, 556, 564, 567, 579, 582, 591, 592, 
606, 611, 622, 654, X, X, X. 

243, 245, 250, 400, 471, 567, X. 

198, 400, 471, 500, 564, 567, 611. 
198, 290, 400, 556, 564, 567, 592, 611. 
198, 400, 423, 471, 567, X. 

59, 72, 145, 195, 228, 238, 299, 301, 303, 317, 352, 
377, 400, 412, AAl, 453, 461, 471, 500, 504, 517, 
549, 550, 564, 566, 581, 582, 622, 641, 650, X. 

145, 303, 400, 503, 582. 

303, 400, 566. 

191, 198, 209, 236, 257, 293, 314, 331, 348, 370, 

407, 440, 462, 493, 513, 550, 598. 
198, 348, 407, 462, 550, 566, 582. 
236, 347, 462, 550. 
236, 550. 

59, 198, 299, 303, 400, 507. 
93, 198, 259, 366, 371,' 400, 471, 504, 556, 582, 595. 



I 



126 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 
Rubber- Processing Chemicals 



tabu: 21B.»-Synt/ietic organic chemicals: Rubber-prccessing chemicals for which United States production or 
sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 19S7 

[Ruljber-prooepslng chemicals for which separate statistics are given in tatle 21A are marked below with an 
asterisk {*); chemloals not so marked do not appear in table 21A because the reported data are accepted in 
confidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from 
table 27] 



RDBBER- PROCESSING CHEMICAI£, CYCLIC 

^Accelerators : 
^Aldehyde- amines: 

Acetaldehyde-anillne 

n-Butyr aldehyde-aniline 

N,N'-Dlbutyldithioadipamlde 

^.jA'-Dlthlodlmorphollne 

a-Ethyl-p-propylacrylanillde 

Fbrmaldehyde-p-toluidine (Ifethylene-p-toluldlne) 

Heptaldehyde-anillne 

Triethyltrimethylenetri amine 

♦Dithiocarbamlo acid derivatives: 

Dlbenzyldlthiooarbamic acid, sodium salt 

Dlbenzyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Dibutyldlthlocarbamic acid, dimethyloyclohexyla- 

mlne salt. 
Dlbutyldithlocarbamlc acid, diphenylguanidine 

salt. 
Dlmethylethylene dlphenyldithlocarbamlc acid, 
lead salt. 

Z^-i-Dlnitrophenyl dimethyldithiocarbamate 

Plperidinlum pentamethylenedithiocarbamlo acid, 
potassium salt. 
Guanl dines : 

Dlcatechol borate, di-o-tolylguanldine salt 

Diphenylguanidine 

Diphenylguanidine phthalate 

Dl-o-tolylguanldlne 

Triphenylguanidine 

»'Ililazole derivatives: 

2-Benzothlazyl-N, N-diethylthiocarbamoyl sulf ide- 

l,3-Bls[2-benzothlazolylmercaptomethyl]urea 

N-tert-Butyl-2-benzothlazolesulfenamide 

N-Cyolohexyl-2-benzothiazolesulfenamider 

N,N-Diisopropyl-2-benzothlazplesulfenamlde 

»2,2'-Dlthiobis[benzothla20le] (2,2f- 
Benzothlazyl disulfide). 

2-lfercaptobenzothlazole 

2-lfercaptobenzothl£izole, sodium salt 

2-lferoaptobenzothiazole, zinc salt 

2-lfercaptothlazoline 

N-CBtydiethylene-2-benzothlazolesulfenamide 

All other cyclic accelerators: 

Carbon dlsulf ide-1, 1' -methylenediplperldlne 

Dibenzylamine 

Di-N-pentamethylenethluram tetrasulfide 

2-Imldazollne-2-thiol 

Poly-p-dinltrosobenzene 

p- Quinonedioxlme 

p- Qulnonedioxlme dibenzoate 

»Antloxidants: 

»Aldehyde- and acetone-amines: 

Acetaldehyde-anillne hydrochloride 

Aldol-ai-naphthylamine condensation 

Diphenylamine-acetone 

p-Phenetidine-aoetone 

Phenyl-2-naphthylamlne-aoetone 

»Amino and hydroxy coaipounds: 
»Amlno compounds: 

p, p' -Diamlnophenylme thane 

Diarylarylene diamines, mixed 

N, N'-Di( l-ethyl-3-methylpentyl) -p-phenylene- 
diamine . 

p,p'-Dimethoxydlphenylainine 

N, N'-D1( l-methylheptyl) -p-phenylenediamine 

N, N'-Di-2-naphthyl-p-phenylenediamine 

N, N'-Dlphenylethylenediamlne 

*N, N'-DiphenyJ.-p-phenylenedlamine 

NjN'-Dlpheny'lpropylenediamlne 

Dl-o-tolylethylenedlamine 

p-Hydroxydiphenylamine 

p-Isopropoxydlphenylamlne 

Octyldlphenylamlne 

Octyldlphenylamlne, alkylated 

N- Phenyl- 1-naphthylamlne 

N-Phenyl-2-naphthylamlne 

Tetramethyldiphenylethylenedi amine 

p-(p-TolueneEulfonamldo)diphenylamlne 

N-o-Tolyl-2-naphthylamine 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



440. 

198, 400, 440. 

400. 

198. 

34. 

400. 

400. 

440. 

440. 
440. 
198. 

34. 

34. 

440. 
400. 



400. 
567. 
198. 

400, 567. 
267. 

633. 

198. 

198. 

198, 440. 

567. 

198, 440, 567, 598. 

198, 440, 567, 598. 
198, 567, 598. 
567, 598. 
235, 567. 
567. 

198. 

440. 

400. 

400. 

400, 595. 

400. 

440. 



440. 
550. 

198, 440. 
198. 
440. 



440. 
598. 
557. 

400. 

557. 

550. 

34, 571. 

400, 440, 550. 

34. 

34. 

550. 

550. 

440. 

550. 

400. 

400, 500. 

571. 

440. 

598. 



RUBBER-PROCESSING MATERIALS 



127 



TABLE 21B.- -Synthetic organic chemicals: Rubber-processing chemicals for which United States production, 
sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1957- -Continued 



RUBBER- PROCESSING CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

»Antioxidants-- Continued 

*Amino and hydroxy convpounds — Continued 
»Amlno compounds- -Continued 

2,2,4-Trimethyldihydroquinoline 

^Hydroxy coinpounds; 

2,5-Di-tert-ainyLhydroquinone l,2,5-Dil,l,l- 
dimethylpropyDhydroquinone ) . 

Hydroquincne monobenzyl ether 

p,p'-Isopropylidenediphenol (p -Di-p-hydroxy- 
phenylpropane) . 

N-Lauroyl-p-aminophenol 

2,2'-Methylenebis[6-tert-butyl-p-oresol] 

2,2' -Methylenebis[6-tert-'butyl-4-ethylphenol] • 

»Phenol, alkylated 

Phenol, styrenated 

N-Stearoyl-p-aminophenol 

Thiobis[di-seo-amylphenol] (Thiobis[di(l- 
methylbutyl)] phenol) . 

4,4'-'niiobis[6-tert-butyl-m-oresol] 

Blowing agents and processing aids: 

N,N'-Dinitroso-N,N'-dimethylterephthal amide 

Dinitrosopentamethylenetetramine 

p, p'-Oxybis[benzenesulfonhydrazide] 

Inhibitors, modifiers, and stabilizers: 

Dicresyl disulfide 

N-Nitrosodiphenylamine 

Nonyl phenyl phosphites, mixed 

Peptizers : 

o, o'-Dibenzamidophenyl disulfide 

Dixylyl disulfides, mixed 

2-Naphthalenethiol (2-Naphthyl-meroaptan) 

Pentachlorobenzenethiol 

Pentachlorobenzenethiol, zinc salt 

Xylene thiol 

Xylene thiol, zinc salt 

Zinc-2-ben2aniinothiophenate (2-Benzaiiiidothiophene, 
zinc salt). 
Taokif iers : 

p-tert-Jtaiylphenol sulfide 

Bis [iso-octylhydroxyphenylmethylene] 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



RUBBER- PROCESSING CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 

^Accelerators: 

*Dithiocarbamio acid derivatives: 

Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium saltr 

*Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, selenium salt 

Diethyldithiocarbamlc acid, sodium salt 

Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, tellurium salt 

»Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, bismate salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, copper salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, dimethylammonium 
salt. 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, lead salt 

^Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, potassium salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, selenium salt 

^Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

»Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt and 
sodium polysulfide. 

All olher 

Thiurams: 

Tetrabutylthiuram monosulfide (Bis [dibutylthio- 

oarbamoyl] monosulfide) . 
Tetraethylthiuram disulfide (Bis[diethylthio- 
carbamoyl] disulfide ) . 
*Tetramethylthiuram disulfide (Bis[dimethylthio- 

carbamoyl] disulfide) . 
»Tetramethylthiuram monosulfide (Bis[dimethyl- 
thiocarbamoyl] monosulfide ) . 
Tetramethylthluram tetrasulfide (Bis[dimethyl- 
thiocarbamoyl] tetrasulfide) . 
Xanthates : 

Di-n-butylxantho disulfide 

Di-isopropylxantho disulfide 

Potassium butylxanthate 

Sodium butylxanthate 

Zinc dibutylxanthate 

All other acyclic accelerators: 

n-Butyraldehyde-butylamine 

Di-n-butylammonliim oleate 



550. 

198. 

550. 
598. 

554. 

567. 

567. 

34, 440, 550, 598. 

550, 598. 

554. 

198. 

198. 

400. 

235, 400. 
440. 

440. 

440, 550. 
440. 

567. 
400. 
400. 
400. 
400. 
400. 
400. 
567. 



633. 
114. 



400, 401, 
121, 400, 
121. 

440, 562, 
12X. 

121, 401, 
121. 
121. 
440. 


440. 
401, 

633. 

440, 


440, 
598, 


598, 
633. 


633. 




121. 

440, 598, 
121. 

121, 400, 
440, 550, 


633. 

401, 
598. 


550, 


598, 


628, 


633 


633. 












440. 












440, 598, 


633. 










121, 198, 


400, 


440, 


598, 


628, 


633 


17, 400, 


440, 


598. 








400. 












440. 
550. 
440. 
440. 
440, 598 












400. 
400. 













128 



SYNTHETIC ORGANJC CHEMICALS, 1957 



TABLE 21B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Rubber-processing chemicals for nhic/i United States production or 
sales were reported, identi fied by manufacturer, i957- -Continued 



Maniif acturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27; 



RUBBER-PROCESSINQ CHHCCALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Blowing agents ; 

1,1' -Azobisfonnamide 

Urea-biuret mixture 

Conditioning and lubricating agents: 

Methyl stearyl-lO-sulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Mono and dialkyl acid phosphates, mixed 

Mono and dialkyl phosphate ammonium salts, mixed- 

Peptizers and modifiers: 

Alkyl mercaptans, mixed 

»Dodeoyl mercaptans 

N-Octyl meroaptan 

Zinc laurate 

Miscellaneous compounds: 

Polyoxyalltylenetetrasulfide 



440. 

500. 

400. 
400. 
400. 

499. 

440, 443, 499, 633. 

440. 

440. 

355. 



! 



[t 



ELASTOMERS (SYNTHETIC RUBBERS) 
Elastomers (Synthetic Rubbers) 



129 



tabu; 22B. ^-Synthetic organic chepicala: Elaatomera (synthetic rubbers) for which United States production 
or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , 19S7 

[Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) for which separate statistics are given In table 22A are marked below with 
an asterisk («); products not so marked do not appear In table 22A because the reported data are accepted 
in confidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' Identification numbers shown below are taken from 
table 27] 



Product 


Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 


ELASTOMERS, CYCLIC 


111, 112, 173, 217, 367, 407, 440, 462, 474, 

499, 550, 590, 598. 
377, 400, 407, 550. 
407, 440, 462, 499, 550. 

550. 

598. 

440, 462, 550, 598. 

400. 

362, 442. 

269, 598, 

222, 332, 449. 

355. 

325, 400, 442, 462, 474. 




All other — 

ELASTOMERS, ACYCLIC 






*Polychloroprene type (Neoprene) 

^Polyisobutylene-ieoprene type (Butyl) 

Reaction products of natural rubber 




All other 



Plasticizers 



'Synthetic organic chemicals: Plasticizers forwhich United States productic 
i den tified by manu facturer , 1957 



I or sales were reported, 



[Plasticizers for which separate statistics are given In table 23A are marked below with an asterisk (*) ; 
products not so marked do not appear in table 23A because the reported data are accepted in confidence and 
may not be published. Manufacturers' Identifioation numbers shown below are taken from table 27. An X 
signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number with 
the designated product] 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



► 



PLASTICIZERS, CYCLIC 

Camphor, synthetic 

N-Cyclohexyl-p-toluenesulfonamide 

Dibenzyl sebacate 

Diethylene glycol dibenzoate 

Di-tert-octyldiphenyl oxide 

Dlphenyl oyclohexyl, o-, m-, p- •■ — 

Dipropyleue glycol dibenzoate ^ 

N-Ethyl-p-toluenesulfonamide 

Isopropylidenediphenoxypropanol- 

NaphthELlene , alkylated 

»Phosphoric acid esters: 

Cresyl dlphenyl phosphate 

Dibutylphenyl phosphate ^- 

Diphenyl mono-o-xenyl phosphate-- 

Dlphenyl octyl phosphate 

Tri(p-tert-butylphenyl) phosphate 

»Tricresyl phosphate 

«Triphenyl phosphate 

Trlpropyl phosphate 

»Phthalio anhydride esters: 

Butyl benzyl phthalate 

Eutyl cyclohexyl phthalate 

»Butyl deoyl phthalate 

Butyl octyl phthalate 

Butyl phthalyl butyl glycolate 

Diallyl phthalate 

Di(2-butoxyethyl) phthalate (Dl(2-butyl cello- 
solve ) phthalate ) . 
«Dibutyl phthalate 

»Dlcapryl phthalate 



400. 

198. 

183. 

345. 

236. 

198. 

345, 566. 

198. 

236. 

205, 242. 

198, 517, 563. 

198. 

236. 

198. 

236. 

198, 220, 337, 359, 517, 563. 

198, 236, 517, 562. 

517. 

198. 

611. 

105, 308, 331, 563, 611. 

557, 566. 

198. 

359. 

280, 359. 

105, 136, 195, 198, 235, 323, 337, 359, 400, 

416, 500, 557, 563, 611, 641. 
183, 359, 471, 611. 



I30 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 

TABLE 23B. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Plasticizeri for which United States product ion or sales 
identified hy manufacturer , i957- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



PLASTICIZERS, CYCLIC --Continued 
»Phthalio anhydride esters — Continued 

»Dicyolohexyl phthalate 

Diethylhexyl hexahydrophthalate 

^Diethyl phthalate 

Dihexyl phthalate 

»Diisodeoyl phthalate 

»Di(2-methoxyethyl) phthalate (Di(methyl cello- 
solve ) phthalate ) . 

»Dimethyl phthalate 

Dinonyl phthalate 

»Dioctyl phthalates: 

»Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate 

*Diiso-octyl phthalate and mixtures 

Diphenyl phthalate 

2-Ethylbutyl phthalate 

Ethyl phthalyl ethyl glycolate 

Methyl phthalyl ethyl glycolate 

«Octyl deoyl phthalate 

All other phthalic anhydride esters 

Polyoxyalkylene phenol 

Tetrahydrofurfuryl oleate 

Toluenesulf onamide , o-, p- mixture 

All other cyclic plasticizers 

-PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC 

*Adipic acid esters: 

Di(2-butoxyethyl) adipate (Di(butyl cellosolve) 
adipate) . 

*Didecyl adipate 

»Di(2-ethyLhexyl) adipate 

*Diisobutyl adipate 

»Diiso-octyl adipate 

Dinonyl adipate 

Octyl deoyl adipate 

All other adipic acid esters 

*Azelaic acid esters: 

Di(2-ethylhexyl) azelate 

Diisobutyl azelate 

All other azelaic acid esters 

Castor oil maleate 

Citric and acetylcitrlc acid esters 

Di(butoxyethoxyethyl)methane 

Dibutyl maleate 

Dibutyl tartrate 

Dicapryl diglycolate 

Diethylene glycol dipelargonate 

Diiso-octyl diglycolate 

Glyceryl diacetyl tartrate monoesters 

Glyceryl tripropionate 

Isopropyl myristate 

Laurie acid esters 

*01eio acid esters: 

2-Butoxyethyl oleate (Butyl cellosolve oleate) 

»Butyl oleate 

Glyceryl trioleate (Triolein) 

<<Methyl oleate 

All other oleic acid esters 

Palmitic acid esters: 

Octyl palmitate 

All other palmitic acid esters 

^Phosphoric acid esters 

Polyethylene glycol di-2-ethyIhexoate 

Ricinoleic and acetylricinoleic acid esters: 

Butyl ricinoleate and acetylricinoleate 

itfilyceryl monoricinoleate 

All other ricinoleic and acetylricinoleic acid 
esters. 
»Sebacic acid esters; 

»Dibutyl sebacate 

Di(2-ethylhexyl) sebacate 

Diiso-octyl sebacate 

All other sebacic acid esters 

»Steario acid esters: 

2-Butoxyethyl stearate (Butyl cellosolve stearate) 

Butyl epoxystearate 

»Butyl stearate 



198, 220, 359, 'iOO, 611. 

566. 

198, 269, 306, 557. 

183, AAS. 

105, 136, 198, 220, 257, 269, 308, 331, 359, 

550, 557, 563, 566, 611. 

280, 359, "400, 557. 

198, 306, <iOO, 557, 611. 
136, 220, 557. 

105, 136, 195, 198, 220, 235, 308, 323, 331, 
337, 359, 400, 500, 550, 557, 563, 566, 61i. 

105, 136, 195, 198, 220, 257, 269, 308, 323, 
331, 359, 550, 557, 563, 611, 641. 

198. 

611. 

198. 

198, 331. 

105, 136, 220, 257, 269, 308, 359, 550, 566, 611. 

136, 220, 269, 347, 359, 400, 563. 

380. 

268, 621. 

198. 

285, 345, 380. 



136, 359, 400. 

105, 136, 220, 308, 331, 359, 550, 557, 563, 611. 

105, 136, 220, 308, 331, 359, 557, 563, 566. 

136, 195, 220, 359, 557. 

105, 195, 198, 220, 257, 280, 308, 359, 377, 471, 

557, 611, 641. 
308, 557. 

136, 220, 359. 

183, 280, 355, 550, 557, 566. 



136, 


220, 


331, 


557, 


621. 


280, 


447, 


557. 






136, 


220, 


557, 


621. 




471. 










396, 


557. 








355. 










195, 


611. 








280, 


323. 








359. 










621. 










359. 










417. 










557. 










^2, 


559. 








151, 


280, 


477. 






280, 


477. 








268, 


280, 


308, 


359, 


377, 477, 559 


593, 


621. 








151, 


377, 


559, 


621. 




105, 


308, 


359, 


471, 


621, X. 


105, 


280, 


563. 






151, 


557, 


559. 






359 


416, 


557, 


566. 




566. 











136, 489. 

124, 268, 280, 377, 477, 489. 

124, 136, 280, 377, 489. 



136, 183, 195, 308, 471, 477, 557. 

136, 195, 308, 471, 477, 557. 

105, 183, 471. 

133, 136, 377, 471, 477, X. 

280, 359. 

268, 359. 

105, 136, 183, 280, 323, 359, 377, 559, 620. 



PLASTICIZERS 



131 



TAHLE 23n. -Syntbeti 



: organic chemscals: Plasticizers for which VniteH States product ion or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer , 1957 "Continued 



Chemical 


Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 


PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

iiStearic acid esters--Continued 

Dlmethylammoniuin stearate 

2-Ethylhexyl stearate 


<;7i. 

359. 

593. 

^3. 

443. 

136, 257, 280, 377, 417, 489. 

105, 151, 593. 

566. 

136, 268, 269, 280, 448, 471, 557, 559, 566, 621. 


Methyl dichlorostearlc acid 


All other stearic acid esters 

»Triethylene glycol dl(caprylate-caprate) 







132 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



Surface-Active Agents 



TABLE 24B.--Sj^t/ietic 



rganic chemicals: Surface-active agents for which United States production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1957 



[Surface-active agents for which separate statistics are given in table 2'»A are marked below with an aster- 
isk (»); products not so marked do not appear in table 24A because the reported data are accepted in con- 
fidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from table 
27. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification number 
with the designated product] 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



SURFACE-ACTIVE ACaiNTS, .CYCLIC 

<ffisters and ethers, nonsulf onated : 

Anylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

Anhydrohexitol castor oil polyethoxyethyl ether-- 

AnhydrohexLtol dioleate 

Anhydrohexitol glycerol monolaurate 

Anhydrohexitol monolaurate 

Anhydrohexitol monolaurate polyethoxyethyl ether- 

Anhydrohexitol mono-oleate 

Anhydrohexitol mono-oleate polyethoxyethyl ether- 

JLnhydrohexitol monopalmitate 

Anhydrohexitol monopalmitate polyethoxyethyl 

ether. 

Anhydrohexitol monostearate 

Anhydrohexitol monostearate polyethoxyethyl 

ether. 

Anhydrohexitol tall oil ester 

Anhydrohexitol tall oil polyethoxyethyl ether 

Anhydrohexitol tetrastearate 

Anhydrohexitol trioleate 

Anhydrohexitol trioleate polyethoxyethyl ether — 

Anhydrohexitol triricinoleate 

Anhydrohexitol tristearate 

Anhydrohexitol tristearate polyethoxyethyl ether- 

Diisobutylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

Glucose polyethoxyethyl distearate 

Glucose polyethoxyethyl oleate 

Iso-octylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

»Nonylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

n-Octylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

Phenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

Tetradecylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

All other 

i<Nitrogen-containing surface-active agents, 

nonsulf onated : 

Benzyldimethyloctadecylammoniimi chloride 

Benzyldimethyloctylammonium chloride 

»Benzyldodecyldimethylammonium chloride 

BenzyUiexadecyldimethylammoniim chloride 

Benzyl ( polyethoxyethylcoco ) dime thylammonium 

chloride. 

Benzyltrimethylaramonluni chloride 

BenzyltrimethylammDnium hydroxide 

Caproylethyl-5-hydroxyoyclo±midine, sodium 

ethylate, sodium ethlonate, 
3 jii-Dichlorobenzyldodecyldimethylammonium 

chloride. 
(Dodecylbenzyl ) diethyl ( 2-hydroxyethyl ) ammonium 

chloride . 

( Dodecylbenzyl )triethylnnntnnium chloride 

( Dodecylbenzyl ) trimethylainmnnium chloride 

Dodecyl(dimethylbenzyl)dimethylammonlum chloride- 

2-Dodecylisoquinolinlimi bromide 

( Dodecylmethylbenzyl ) trimethylammonlum chloride -■ 

l-Dodecylpyridinlum chloride 

(Ethoxybenzyl) dime thyl(octylphenDxy) ammonium 

chloride. 

2-Heptadecenyl-l-hydroxyethyl-2-imidazoline 

2-Heptadecyl-l-hydroxyethyl-2-imida2oline 

1-Hexadeoylpyridinlum chloride 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)l,2-diphenylethylenediamlne 

l-Hydroxyethyl-2-tridecyllmldazolium chloride 

l-kydroxyethyl-2-undecylimidazollne 

Lauroyl-5-ethoxycyclolmidine, disodium ethlonate- 
Lauroylethyl-5-hydroxycyclolmldine , sodium 

ethylate, sodium ethlonate. 
2-Lauroyloxyethylcarbamoylmethylpyridinlum 

chloride . 

Mixed fatty acid imidazolines 

Oleoyl Imidazoline 

Oxazoline, substituted 

Rosin aminopolyethoxyethanol 



507. 

380, -^71, 507, 537, 570. 



380. 
380. 
380. 
380. 
380. 
380. 
380. 
380. 
380. 
380. 

380. 
380. 

380. 
380. 
380, 
380. 
380. 
380. 
380. 
380. 
471, 
380. 
380. 
377, 
269, 
566. 
507. 
434. 
366, 



622. 

460. 

343, 492, 577, 605, 622. 

287, 404, 471, 577, 622. 

507. 

416. 
577. 
283. 

404, 577, 605, 622. 

434. 

417. 

605. 

622. 

622. 

471, 577. 

443, 577. 

471. 

371. 

371, 380. 
309, 577. 
32. 
371. 
371. 
283. 
283. 

417. 



435. 

245, 602. 
32, 416. 
269, 380. 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



133 



TABLE 2AB. -Synthetic 



rganic chemicals: Surf ace -active agents for which United States product i 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1957- -Contimiefl 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, CYCLIC— Continued 

ttNitrogen-containlng surface-active agents, non- 

sulf onated - -Continued 

Rosin polyamidoimidazoline 

Stearoylethyl-5-hydroxyoyoloimldine, sodium 

ethylate, sodium ethionate. 

Stearoyl imidazoline 

a-Stearoyloxyethylcarbamoyl-l-methylpyridinium 

chloride. 
N-Xylene stearamide 

^Sulfated and sulfonated cyclic surface-active 
agents ; 
»Alkyl benzenoid compounds, sulfated and 
sulfonated : 

Decylbenzenesulfonio acid 

Didodecylbenzenesulfonic acid 

<€)odeoylbenzenesulfonlc acid type 



Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, butylaramonium 
salt. 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, calcium salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, cyclohexylamine 

salt. 
Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, isopropylammonlum 

salt. 
Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, trlethanolamine 
salt. 

Dodecyltoluenesulfonic acid 

All other 

«Llgnln derivatives, sulfonated: 

Ligninsulfonic acid, ammonium salt 

Ligninsulfonic acid, calcium salt 

Ligninsulfonic acid, magnesium, salt 

Ligninsulfonic acid, sodium salt 

*Naphthalene derivatives, sulfonated: 

*Amylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, mono 

Benzylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, mono 

Butylisopropylnaphthalenesulf onic acid , 
sodium salt. 

»Butylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, mono 

*Dlamylnaphthalenesulfonic acid 

»Dibutyljiaphthalenesulfonic acid 

«Diisopropylnaphthalenesulfonlc acid 

»IsopropylJiaphthalene sulfonic acid 

1,1' -Methylenebis (2-naphthalenesulf onic acid) - 

Mixed aUkylnaphthalenesulfonlc acid 

Tetrahydronaphthalenesulfonic acid 

»A11 other sulfated and sulfonated cyclic 
surface -active agents: 

N-Alliylethylmorpholinium ethyl sulfate 

Benzenesulfonlc acid, sodium salt 

Butylbiphenylsulfonic acid 

Butylhydroxybiphenylsulfonic acid 

N-Cyclohexyl-N-palmitoyl taurine 

N-Methyl-N-(dldodecylbenzyl)taurine, sodium 
salt. 

Methyloctadecyl-2-imidazolinesulfonic acid 

Nonylphenoxy polyethoxyethyl sulfate 

Octylphenoxy polyethoxyethyl sulfate 

Octylphenoxy polyethoxyett^l sulfonate 

»Petroleumsulfonic acid, water soluble type 
(acid layer) sodium salt. 

♦Toluenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Trichlorophenol sulfate, ethanolamine salt 

Xylenesulfonic acid,, sodium salt 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC 



»EsterB and ethers, nonsulf onated : 
■KDlethylene glycol monolaurate — 
»Dlethylene glycol mono-oleate — 
»Dlethylene glycol monostearate-- 



Dlethylene glycol tall oil ester 

Dlisobutylene maleate 

Dipolyethoxyethyl polyoxypropylene glycol ether- 

Ethylene glycol mono-oleate 

^Ethylene glycol monostearate 

Glycerol dioleate 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
{according to list in table 27) 



195. 
283. 



24. 
417. 



24, 198, 204, 559. 

506, 639. 

53, 59, 106, 187, 190, 198, 227, 243, 245, 
250, 267, 318, 352, 356, 365, 375, 380, 385, 
393, 417, 454, 471, 506, 525, 571, 576, 599, 
602, 617, 634, 638, 644. 

417. 



204, 417. 
507. 






58, 204, 245, 


417. 




58, 106, 190, 


204, 


506, 634 


603. 

198, 577, 602 






81. 

29, 103, 203, 

496. 

81, 210, 398, 


210, 
496. 


496. 


622. 
507. 
315, 376. 







315, 620, 638. 

245, X. 

57, 243, 245, 371, 507. 

195, 377, 400, 507, 571, 622, 639. 

267, 400, 476, 567. 

377, 400. 

421, 435, 593. 

400. 



380. 

120. 

198, 628. 

198. 

507. 

434. 

366. 

58, 507, 617, (M-. 

471. 

471. 

40, 532, 565, 615, 619. 

55, 120, 227, 506, 639, 644. 

507. 

55, 204, 506, 639. 



62, 124, 280, 352, 377, 417, 477, 511. 

124, 280, 377, 417, 477, 511, 621. 

16, 42, 59, 124, 187, 268, 280, 352, 377, 417, 477, 

511, 622. 
417, 511, X. 
471. 
393. 

477, 511, 602. 

42, 204, 268, 280, 411, 477, 511. 
280, 318, 380. 



134 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



TABLE 24B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Surface-active agents for which United States production or sales 
were reported , identified by manufacturer , 2957- -Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC- -Continued 

»Esters and ethers, nonsulfonated — Continued 

Glycerol maleate mono-oleate 

Glycerol mono and di esters of fatty acids 

Glycerol monococate 

Glycerol monoester of lard 

Glycerol monolaurate 

^Glycerol mono-oleate 

^Glycerol monostearate 

Hexitol polyethoxyethyl beeswax ester 

Hexitol polyethoxyethyl dioleate 

Hexitol polyethoxyetl^rl fatty acid ester 

Hexitol polyethoxyethyl hexalaurate 

Hexitol polyethoxyethyl hexaoleate 

Hexitol polyethoxyethyl hexastearate 

Hexitol polyethoxyetl^rl hexa(tall oil) ester 

Hexitol polyethoxyethyl lanolin ester 

Hexitol polyethoxyethyl oleate 

Hexitol polyethoxyethyl pentalaurate 

Hexitol polyethoxyethyl penta(tall oil) ester 

Hexitol polyethoxyethyl tetraColeate, laurate) 
ester. 

Hexitol polyethoxyethyl tetra(tall oil) ester 

Methoxy polyethoxyethyl coconut oil ester 

Polyethoxyethyl castor oil ester 

Polyethoxyethyl coconut oil ester 

Polyethoxyethyl deoyl ether 

*Polyethoxyethyl dilaurate 

^Polyethoxyethyl dioleate 

^Polyethoxyethyl distearate 

Polyethoxyethyl dodeoyl ether 

Polyethoxyethyl tert-dodecyl thioether 

Polyethoxyethyl glycollate 

Polyethoxyethyl hexadecyl ether 

Polyethoxyethyl lanolin ether 

Polyethoxyethyl mixed fatty acid ester 

^Polyethoxyethyl monolaurate 

^Polyethoxyethyl mono-oleate 

Polyethoxyethyl monopal ini tate 

Polyethoxyethyl monorioinoleate 

^Polyethoxyethyl monostearate 

Polyethoxyethyl octadecyl ether 

Polyethoxyethyl oleyl ether 

Polyethoxyethyl resin eater 

Polyethoxyethyl soybean oil ester 

Polyethoxyethyl tall oil ester 

♦Polyethoxyethyl tallow ester 

♦Polyethoxyethyl tridecyl ether 

Polyglycerol oleate 

1,2-Propylene glycol monococate 

»l,2-Propylene glycol monolaurate 

1,2-Propylene glycol mono-oleate 

«1, 2 -Propylene glycol monostearate 

Propylene glycol polyethoxyethyl stearate 

Propylpolyethoxyethyl polyoxypropylene glycol 
ether. 
♦Nitrogen-containing surface-active agents, 
nonsulfonated : 

Aliylamino polyethoxyethanol 

N-(Aminoetl^rl)-N-(hydroxyethyl)coconut oil amide- 

N-(Aminoethyl)-N-(hydroxyethyl)oleamide 

N-(Aminoethyl)-N-Chydroxyethyl)palm oil amide 

«N-( Ami noethyl)-N-(hydroxyethyl)stear amide 
(Stearamide of aminoethylethanolamine ) . 

Coconut oil-p-alanine 

♦Coconut oil amide of mono ( diethanolami ne ) 
(Diethanol lauramide). 

♦Coconut oil amide of bis(diethanolamine) 

♦Coconut "<1 Mtde of dlethanolamlne (neither mono 
iK>r bla). 

Coconut all BBlde of diethylenetriamine 

Coconrt oil amide of dllsopropanolamine 

Coconut oil amide of isopropmolamine 

Coconut oil amide of moaovthanolamlne (Ethanol 
laxirtiBlde ) . 



377, -417. 

380, 511, 566, 593. 

187, 511. 

187, 511, 593. 

12'i, 280, 411, 477, 511. 

124, 204, 268, 280, 377, 330, 391, 414, 477, 511, 

593, 602, 621. 
16, 42, 85, 124, 146, 187, 190, 243, 268, 375, 377, 

417, 477, 511, 581, 593, 602. 
380. 
380. 
380. 
380. 
380. 
59. 
380. 
330. 
380. 
380. 
380. 
380. 

380. 

280, 477, 593, 622. 

371, 380, 417, 507, 511. 

375, 377, 417, 511. 

380, 559. 

124, 271, 280, 371, 477, 511, 596, 602. 

80, 124, 280, 352, 371, 414, 477, 511, 571, 602. 

16, 124, 280, 352, 477, 511. 

380, 400, 507, X. 

198, 602, 633. 

380. 

380. 

380. 

376. 

16, 83, 124, 230, 289, 352, 371, 377, 411, 448, 
477, 507, 511, 593, 596, 602. 

59, 124, 280, 352, 371, 377, 380, 414, 448, 477, 

507, 511, 559, 571, 593, 596, 599, 602, 622. 
330, 511, 593. 
280, 377, 477, 511. 

17, 59, 124, 146, 271, 280, 371, 377, 330, 411, 
417, 471, 477, 507, 511, 559, 596, 622. 

380. 

377, 380, 400, 507. 

269, 380, X. 

268, 511, 622. 

59, 75, 198, 280, 377, 380, 417, 507, 511, 602. 

32, 280, 492, 507, 511, 553, 571. 

198, 380, 507, 537, 559, 566, 570, 602, X. 

417. 

187, 511, 593. 

187, 280, 477, 511, 593. 

280, 477, 511. 

187, 268, 375, 330, 417, 477, 511. 

280, 380. 

380. 



507, X. 

59, 375, 377, 503, 593, 596. 

59, 377, 525, 596, 639, 643. 

620. 

16, 57, 59, 245, 250, 343, 352, 377, 400, 507, 559, 

571, 596, 620, 622, 639, 643. 
406. 
16, 32, 42, 187, 204, 250, 371, 375, 377, 411, 

417, 502, .503, 571, 576, 596, 602, 617, 622, 

634, 639, 643. 
1, 14, 19, 58, 59, 83, 204, 245, 352, 377, 436, 

639. 
24, 41, 190, 243, 271, 343, 622, 634, 644, X. 

32, 377. 
X. 

53, 204, 644, X. 

32, 59, 243, 250, 280, 343, 375, 417, 534, 622, 
639. 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



135 



TABLE 24B. --Synt/iefi 



rganic chen,ic«ls: Sur face- act ive a«ents for which United States production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, J957- -Continued 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC—Continued 

»Nltrogen-contalning surface-active agents, 
nonsulfonated — Continued 

Coconut oil trlmethylannnonium chloride 

Deoylbetalne 

Dioocodimethylainmonium chloride 

N,N-Dlethylethylene bis-stearamide 

Dlhydrogenated tallow dimethylanmonium chloride— 

N,N-Di(2-hydroxyethyl)bisoleamide 

N,N-Di(2-hy(3roxyethyl)caprajiiide 

»N,N-Di(2-hydroxyetl^rl )oleamide (Diethanol 

oleamide) . 
»N,N-Di(2-hydroxyethyl )stearamide (Diethanol 
stearamide ). 

N,N-DiC2-hydroxyethyl)tall oil amide 

N,N-Dl(2-hydroxyethyl)tallow amide 

N-(3-Dimethylamino)oleamide 

Dimethyldisoya-ammonium chloride 

(Dodecyl, hexadecyl )trimethylammonlum bromide 

Dodecyltrimethylaramonium chloride 

Ethyldlmethyloctadeoylammonlum bromide 

N,N-Ethylene bisoleamide 

N,N-Ethylene bis-stearamide 

Ethylhexadeoyldimethylammonium bromide 

Hexadecylbetalne 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)myristamlde 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)oleamide (Ethanol oleamide) 

N-(2-Hydroxyetl^l)etearamide 

N-(2-Hydroxymethyl )stearamide, triethanolamine 
salt. 

N-(2-Hydroxypropyl)lauramide 

N-(2-Hydroxypropyl)myristamide 

N-(2-Hydrox3rpropyl)oleamlde 

N-(2-Hydroxypropyl )stearamide 

N-Lauroylpolypeptide 

N-LauToylsarcosin, sodium salt 

Oleamide of diethylenetriamine 

Oleoylamino polyethoxyethanol 

Oleoylbiguanidine hydrochloride 

Oleoylpolypeptide 

N-Oleoylsaroosin, sodium salt 

Polyethoxyethyl mixed fatty acid amides and 
amines. 

Polypeptide 

Soybean oil polyethoxyethyl diethylenetriamine, 
ammonium salt. 

Soybean oil trlmethylammonium chloride 

»Stearamlde of diethylenetriamine 

Stearamide of tetraethylenepentamine 

l-Stearamido-l' -adipoamido diethylenetriamine 

Stearic acid ester of N-(2-hydroxyethyl) 
stearamide. 

Stearoylamino polyethoxyethanol 

Stearoylbiguanidine hydrochloride 

N-StearoylS£ircosin, sodium salt 

N , N , N ' , N '-Tetrald. s hydroxy ethyl ( polyoxyethylene - 
polyoxypropylene )ethylenediamine . 

Triethanolamine myristate 

Triethanolamine oleate 

Triethanolamine stearate 

Trlmethyltallowammonium chloride 

All other ■ 

»Phosphorous-containing surface-active agents, 
nonsulfonated : 

AUsyl phosphates, diethanolamine salt 

Decanoyl, octyl phosphate 

Dodecyl phosphate 

2-Ethylhexyl phosphate, sodium salt 

Mixed alliyl polyphosphates 

Mixed mono and dialiyl acid phosphates 

Octyl polyphosphate, potassium salt 

Octyl poljfphosphate, sodium salt 

Oleyl phosphate 

»Salts of fatty acids, nonsulfonated: 

Castor oil, potassium salt 

»Coconut oil, potassium salt — — 

Com oil, potaaeium salt 

Olive oil, sodium salt 

»ft)taflsl(mi laxirate 

»PotaBsium oleate-' 



Manufacturers' Identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



53^, 622. 

400. 

53-;. 

39"^. 

<i06, 534, 622. 

204. 

371. 

204, 243, 268, 371, 377, 417, 620. 

16, 32, 41, 59, 83, 204, 243, 245, 271, 352, 371, 

377, 425, 622, 639, X. 
602. 
375. 

268, 400. 
534. 

400, 577. 
534. 
577. 
268. 

268, 371, 377, 639. 
577, 622. 
400. 
417. 

343, 602. 
204. 
366. 

639. 

639. 

417. 

417. 

349. 

187, 371. 

377, 380. 

380, 507. /' 

507. 

349. 

371, 507. 

507. 



349. 
507. 



571, 622, 643. 



534. 

32, 343, 352, 559, 

559, 596, 622. 

32. 

417. 

380, 507. 
507. 

371, 507. 
393. 



585. 

289, 352, 571, 585. 

14. 

534. 

268, 314, 366, 380, 435, 507, X. 



400. 

357. 

400. 

566. 

146, 357, 596. 

400, 567. 

596. 

357. 

400. 

352. 

27, 57, 59, 141. 
27, 602. 
245. 

16, 83, 377, 593. 

16, 27, 57, 59, 84, 141, 172, 232, 343, 352", 377, 
401, 503, 602, X. 



491001 O -58 -10 



»36 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 

TtniE 24Tt. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Surface-active agents for which United States production 
were reported, identified hy manufacturer, J957- -Continued 



SUHFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACrCLIC— Continued 

*Salts of fatty acids, nonsulfonated — Continued 

Potassium reslnate 

Potassium stearate 

Potassium tallate 

Sodium laurate 

Sodium oleate 

Sodium resinate 

»Sodium stearate 

Sodium tallate 

Soybean oil, potassium salt 

Tallow, potassium salt 

Tallow, sodium salt 

Sulfated and sulfonated acyclic surface-active 
agents : 
»Acids, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Acetyloleic acid, sulfonated 

»01eio acid, sulfonated (Sulfonated red oil)- 



Rlcinoleic acid, sulfonated 

»Alcohols, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Decanoyl, octyl sulfate 

Decyl sulfate 

Decyl sulfate, triethanolamine salt 

3,9-Diethyl-6-tridecyl sulfate 

Dodecyl, ootadecenyl sulfate 

Dodecyl sulfate, 2-amlno-2-methylpropanol salt- 

Dodecyl sulfate, ammonium salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, diethanolamlne salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, monoethanolamine salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, monoisopropanolamlne salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, potassium salt 

»Dodecyl sulfate, sodium salt 



»Dodecyl sulfate, triethanolamine salt 

2-Khylhexyl sulfate 

7-Ethyl-2-methyl-4-undecyl sulfate 

Hexadecyl, octadeoenyl sulfate -— , 

Hexadecyl, octadecyl sulfate 

Hexadecyl sulfate 

Octadecyl sulfate 

Octadecyl sulfate, triethanolamine salt 

•Esters and ethers, sulfated and sulfonated.: 
Bis-sulfosucoinate ester of tallow mono- 
glyceride. 

Bis(tridecyl)sulfosuccinate, sodium salt 

Butyl ethylene glycol sulfo-oleate 

n-Butyl sulfo-oleate 

n-Butyl sulforicinoleate 

Coconut oil Isethionate 

Dlamyl sulfosucoinate, sodium salt 

Didecanoyl sulfosuccinate, sodium salt 

Di(2-ethylhexyl)sulfosuccinate 

Dihexyl sulfosuccinate 

Di-isodecyl sulfosuccinate 

Ethyl, butyl sulfoaconitate, sodium salt 

Ethyl sulfo-oleate 

Glycerol mono(coconut oll)ester, sulfated, 

ammonium salt. 
Glycerol mono(coconut oll)ester, sulfated, 
sodium salt. 

Glycerol monostearate sulfoacetate 

Glycerol trl(sulfo-oleate) 

»Isopropyl sulfo-oleate _i. 

Lauroyl-2-hydroxy-l-propane sulfonic acid—' 

Lauroyl sulfoacetate 

Methyl, ethyl, propyl sulfo-oleate 

Methyl sulfo-oleate 

n-Octadecyl-n-disodlumsucclno disodium 
sulfosuccinate. 

Oleoyl isethionate 

Polyethoxyethyl decyl sulfate 

Polyethoxyethyl dodecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Polyethoxyethyl dodecyl sulfate, triethanol- 
amine salt. 

Polyethoxyethyl mixed allsyl sulfates 

Polyethoxyethyl octadecyl sulfate 

Polyethoxyethyl tridecyl sulfate, sodium salt— 
»n-Propyl sulfo-oleate 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



5, 602. 

2, 571, 596. 

16, 83, 141, 352, 436, 602. 



596, 
352, 

377. 

19, 232, 333, 352, 377, 593, 596. 

352. 

323, 

83, 

27, 

84, 

352, 



377, 495, 596, 642. 
352, 377, 596. 
141, 593. 
352. 

593. 



19, 24, 40, 49, 62, 106, 190, 232, 243, 352, 377, 

391, 476, 507, 559, 567, 571, 593, 596, 602, 603. 
377, 593, 649. 

400. 

400, 622. 

400. 

566. 

400. 

400. 

58, 492, 622. 

58, 400, 492, 622. 

376. 

502. 

375. 

58, 59, 287, 352, 375, 400, 460, 492, 514, 571, 

572, 617, 622, 643, 64^. 
58, 287, 375, 400, 492, 617, 622, 644. 
492, 566. 
566. 
315. 
492. 

371, 400, 492. 
375, 400, 576, 622. 
400. 

567. 



245, 559, 571, 622. 
571. 



59, 

136, 

507. 

567. 

471. 

16, 

371, 

16. 

59. 

62. 

187. 



187, 460. 



59, 243, 352, 559, 567, 576, 596. 
567. 



, 571, 620. 

41, 190, 250, 352, 476, 596. 



417 

352 

19, 

507, 

267. 

377. 

559. 

567. 

507. 
X. 

492. 
375. 



375, 596. 

400. 

380. 

83, 553, 567, 602, 620, 621. 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



137 



TABLE 24B. '-Synthetic oriianic chemicnls: Stir face- net ive a/ients for which United States production or sale 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1957 --Continued 





Manufacturers' identlfioation numbers 


Chemical 


(according to list in table 27) 


SUHFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC— Continued 




"Sulfated and sulfonated acyclic surface-active 




agents — Continued 




•Nitrogen-containing surface-active agents, 




sulfated and sulfonated; 




Coconut oil amide of isopropanolamine, 


352, 622. 


sulfated, sodium salt. 




»Coconut oil amide of monoethanolamlne. 


245, 250, 576, 596. 


sulfated, potassium salt. 




»Coconut oil amide of monoethanolamlne. 


32, 59, 2'i3, 3«, 352, 622, 639. 


sulfated, sodium salt. 






503. 


Uodecyltrimetnyxammomum tosyxaiie — — 




N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)oleamide, sulfated (Oleic 


377, 620. 


acid ethanolamlde sulfate), sodium salt. 




N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)stearamlde, sulfated 


571. 


(Stearic acid ethanolamide sulfate), sodium 




salt. 




N-(2-Hydroxypropyl)oleamide, sulfated. 


417. 


ethanolamlne salt. 




Lauroylsulfoacetoethanolamide, potassium salt 


A17. 


N-Methyl-N-oleoyl taurine 


59, U6, 243, 245, 250, 343, 507, 571. 


N-Methyl-N-palmltoyl taurine 


507. 


N-Methyl-N-tallow taurine 


318. 




417. 


N— ^Myristoyiet.iiyi jsuxiosuccmamiQe— — 


Neat's-foot oil amide of ethanolamlne. 


32. 


sulfated, ammonium salt. 




N-Octadecylsulfosuccinamlde, dlsodlum salt 


567. 


N-(01eoylisopropyl)sulfosucclnamide 


417. 




620. 


n—\ iaj.xow iiyQroxyeT.nyx ^suxiosuccxnamiue 


»011s, fats, and waxes, sulfated and sulfonated: 




Animal fats and oils, sulfated and sulfonated: 




Grease, other than wool, sulfonated 


425, 596, 625. 


*Lard oil, sulfonated 


32, 64, 146, 245, 425,, 602, 625. 


»Neat's-foot oil, sulfonated 


32, 62, 141, 179, 190, 232, 377, 391, 419, 425, 




571, 593, 649. 


*Tallow, sulfonated 


25, 40, 59, 86, 146, 179, 190, 243, 245, 250, 328, 




352, 377, 391, 419, 476, 553, 559, 567, 571, 593, 




596, 602, 603, 612, 620, 622, 649. 


Wool grease, sulfonated 


179. 


Fish and marine-animal oils, sulfated and 




sulfonated : 




*Cod oil, sulfonated 


57, 64, 141, 326, 391, 419, 425, 571, 593, 602, 




625, 649. 


Herring oil, sulfonated . 


593, 625. 


Menhaden oil, sulfonated 


179, 377, 593. 


Mixed fish oils, sulfonated 


24. 


*Sperm oil, sulfonated 


37, 40, 49, 57, 62, 64, 141, 179, 232, 250, 326, 




352, 377, 391, 419, 425, 510, 571, 576, 593, 602, 




622, 625, 649. 


Whale oil, sulfonated 


37. 


*Tall oil, sulfonated 


32, 37, 62, 352, 377, 559, 567. 


Vegetable oils, sulfated and sulfonated: 




»Castor oil, sulfonated 


19, 24, 30, 32, 37, 40, 49, 57, 59, 62, 83, 117, 




136, 141, 146, 149, 179, 190, 232, 243, 245, 




250, 328, 377, 391, 400, 419, 425, 476, 507, 510, 




559, 567, 571, 593, 596, 602, 612, 620, 622, 625, 




639, 644, 649. 


*Coeonut oil, sulfonated 


62, 190, 232, 326, 377, 510, 567, 625. 


Com oil, sulfonated 


377, 644. 


Cottonseed oil, sulfonated 


377. 


linseed oil, sulfonated 


419. 


»Mustard-seed oil, sulfonated 


190, 250, 377, 419, 644. 


Olive oil, sulfonated 


571. 




30, 40, 62, 328, 377, 419, 510, 553, 567, 603, 620. 
62, X. 


Rapeseed oil, sulfonated 


*Rioe-bran oil, sulfonated 


37, 190, 250, 328, 352, 377, 425, 571, 602. 


"Soybean oil, sulfonated 


49, 62, 250, 419, 622, 649. 


*A11 other oils, fats, and waxes, sulfated and 




sulfonated : 




Japan wax, synthetic, sulfonated 


59. 


All other- 


37, 625. 


Petroleum aliphatic compounds, sulfated and 




sulfonated: Petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt — 


400. 



I 



138 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 

Pesticides and Other Organic Agricultural Chemicals 



TABLE 2SB, -Synthetic organic chemicals: Pesticides and other orgatic agricultural chemicals for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1957 

[Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals for which separate statistics are given in table 25A 
are marked below with an asterisk (»); products not so marked do not appear in table 25A because the 
reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers 
shown below are taken from table 27. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publi- 
cation of his identification number with the designated product] 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



PESTICIDiS AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL 
CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 

»Fungicides and seed disinfectants: 

Cadmium anilino dilactate 

Captan ( N-Trichloromethylthio-4.-cyclohexene- 
1, 2-dicarboximide ) . 

Chloranil (Tetraohloro-p-quinone ) 

5-Chloro-2-mercaptobenzothiazole, laurylpyridiun 
salt. 

Dichlone (2,3-Dichloro-l,'i-naphthoqninone) 

3,5-Dlmethyltetrahydro-2H,l,3,5-thiadiazine-2- 
thione . 

Glyodin (2-Heptadecyl-2-imidazoline acetate) 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, monoethanolamine salt — 
»Mercury fungicides : 

2-Chloro-'i-(hydroxymercuri)phenol 

N- ( Ethylmercur i )-p-toluenesulfonanilide 

4-(Hrdroxymercuri)-2-nitrophenol 

8-(lfethylmercurioxy)quinollne 

2-(Phenylmercuriamino)ethanol acetate 

N-Phenylmercuriformamlde 

Phenylmercury carbonate 

Phenylmeroury hydroxide 

Phenylmercury lactate 

Phenylmercury naphthenate 

Phenylmeroury oleate 

Phenylmerciiry propionate 

Tris (2-hydroxyethyl ) (phenylmercuri ) ammonium 
lactate. 
2-(l-Kfethylheptyl)-'i,6-dinitrophenyl crotonate 
( Karathane ) . 
*Naphthenic acid, copper salt 

»PentaGhlorophenol 

Pentachlorophenol, sodium salt 

a-Phenyl-p-oresol (p-Benzylphenol) 

8-Oiinolinol (S-Hydroxyquinoline), copper salt— 

2,3,'>,6-Tetrachlorophenol 

Triohloromethylthiophthalimide 

*2,4,5-Trichlorophenol 

2,'i,5-Trlchlorophenol, ethanolamine salt 

2,'4,5-Trichlorophenol, sodium salt 

2,'i,6-Trichlorophenol 

2,'4,6-Trichlorophenol, potassium salt 

*Herbicides and plant hormones : 

2-sec-Amyl-4,6-dinitrophenol 

2-seo-Butyl-4-, 6-dinitrophenol 

2-seo-Butyl-4, 6-dinltrophenol, triethanolamlne 

salt. 

3-(p-Chlorophenyl)-l,l-dimethylurea (CMU) 

2-(2,4-Dichlorophenoxy)ethanol hydrogen sulfate, 

sodium salt. 

3-(3,'t-Dichlorophenyl)-l,l-dimethylurea 

l,2-Dihydro-3,6-pyridazinedione (Maleic 

hydrazide). 

l,2-Dihydro-3,6-pyridazinedione, sodium salt 

4,6-Dinitro-o-cresol (DNOC) 

4-,6-Dinitro-o-cresol, sodium salt (Sinox) 

Gibberellic acid 

Isopropyl carbanilate (isopropyl N-phenyl- 

carbamate ) ( IPC ) . 
Isopropyl-3-ohlorocarbanilate (isopropyl N- 

(3-chlorophenyl)carbamate) (CIPC). 

1-Naphthaleneacetamide 

»1-Naphthaleneacetlc acid 

*1-Naphthaleneacetic acid, methyl ester 

1-Naphthaleneacetic acid, sodium salt 

1-Naphthyloxyacetic acid 

2-Naphthyloxyacetic acid 

2-Naphthyloxyacetic acid, sodium salt 

N-1-Naphthylphthalamic acid 

7-CKabicyclo [2 ' . 2 . 1 ]heptsne-2, 3-dicarboxylic 

acid, disodium salt (Endothal). 
«PhenDxyacetic acid, salts, and derivatives: 

(A-Chloro-o-tolyloxy) acetic acid 

»(2,4-Dichlorophenoxy)acetio acid (2,4-0) 

»(2,'i-Dichlorophenoxy)aoetic acid, 
dimethylamine salt. 



605. 
80, 221. 



440. 
121. 



229, 440. 
17. 



566. 
121. 

400. 
400. 
400. 
212. 
605. 
212, 
605. 
132, 
212, 
212. 
177, 
212. 
605. 

471. 



605, 651. 



212, 605. 
605. 



212, 400, 605, 613. 



66, 172, 262, 264, 289, 323, 403, 448, 525, 613, 

658. 
198, 236, 564. 
198, 236. 
198. 

198, 212, 613, 660. 
236. 
221. 

192, 236, 443, 513, 570. 
236, 507. 
198, 236. 
236. 
17, 513. 

5. 

236. 

5. 



400. 
566. 



400, 653. 
440. 



396 






341, 


556 




556 






47, 


192, 


296. 


47, 


192, 


296, 577 


47, 


192, 


296. 


47, 


133. 




577 






133 


577 




133 






440 






633 







192, 236. 

192, 198, 236, 308, 374, 486, 513. 

47, 79, 80, 192, 486. 



PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS 139 



TABLE 25n.- -Synthetic organic chemicals: Pesticides i 
States production or sales were reported, 



nd other organic agricultural chemicals for which United 
identified hy manufacturer , 7957--Continued 



PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL 
CHEMICALS, CYCLIC--Continued 
♦Herbicides and plant hormones — Continued 

»Phenoxyaoetic acid, salts, and derivatives--Con. 
»(2,'t-Dichlorophenoxy )acetic acid esters: 
»Butoxyethoxypropyl 2 ,'i-diohlorophenoxy- 
aoetate. 

2-Butoxyethyl 2,'i-dlohlorophenoxyacetate 

Butoxypolypropyleneglycol 2 , 4-dlohloro- 
phenoxyac etate . 

»n-Butyl 2,'i-dlchlorophenoxyacetate 

sec-Butyl 2,4-dlchlorophenoxyacetate 

Ethyl 2,4-dlchlorophenoxyacetate 

2-Ethylhexyl 2,';-dichlorophenoxyacetate 

*Iso-ootyl 2 , i-dichlorophenoxyacetate 

wlsopropyl 2,'4-dichlorophenoxyaoetate 

Pentyl 2,4-dachlorophenoxyacetate 

Tetrahydrofurfuryl 2,'4-dichlorophenoxy- 
aoetate. 
(ajA-Dlchlorophenoxy )acetic acid, 2,2'-imlno- 

ethanol salt. 
(2,'l-Dichlorophenoxy )acetic acid, isopropanol- 

amine salt. 
(2,'i-Dichlorophenoxy)acetlc acid, sodium salt — 
(2,'i-Dichlorophenoxy)aoetic acid, triethylamine 
salt. 
*(2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxy)aoetic acid (2,4,5-T)~- 
»(2,'i,5-Trichlorophenoxy)acetio acid esters: 
Butoxye thoxypropyl 2 , <V , 5 - tri chlorophenoxy- 

aoetate. 
2-Butoxyethyl 2,'i,5-Trlchlorophenoxyacetate — 
Butoxypolypropyleneglycol 2,'i,5-trichloro- 
phenoxyaoetate . 

»n-Butyl 2,'i,5-triohlorophenoxyaoetate 

2-Ethylhexyl 2, A, 5-trichlorophenoxyacetate 

»Iso-octyl 2, <i, 5-trichlorophenoxyacetate 

Isopropyl 2,4, 5-trichlorophenoxyacetate 

Pentyl 2,4, 5-trichlorophenoxyacetate 

Tetrahydro fur f uryl 2,4,5- trichlorophenoxy- 
aoetate. 

»Phenylmercury acetate (PMA) 

N-Tolylphthalamio acid 

(2,4,5-Trlchlorophenoxy )propionio acid , 

♦Insecticides : 

Allethrin (Allyl homolog of Cinerin I) 

Benzyl thiooyanate 

♦Chlorinated insecticides : 

Aldrin (Hexachloro-hexahydro-endo, exo- 
dimethanonaphthalene ) . 

l,l-Bis(p-chlorophenyl)-2-nitrobutane 

l,l-Bis(p-chlorophenyl)-2-nitropropane 

2- (p-tert-Butylphenoxy )-l-methylethyl-2- 

chloroethyl sulfite (Aramite). 
Chlordan (Octaohloro-tetrahydro-methanoindan )— 

Chlorinated mixed terpenes (Strobane) 

p- Chlorophenyl p-chlorobenzenesulfonate 

4,4' -Dichlorobenzilio acid 

1, l-Dichloro-2, 2-bis (p-chlorophenyl )ethane 
(DDD). 

1, l-Dichloro-2, 2-bis (p-ethylphenyl )ethane 

2,4-Dichlorophenyl benzenesulfonate 

0- ( 2, 4-Dichlorophenyl ) 0, 0-diethylphosphoro- 
thioate . 

4,4'-Dichloro-a-(trichloromethyl)benzhydrol 

Dieldrin (Hexachloro-epoxy-octaJiydro-endo, 

exo-dimethanonaphthalene ) . 
Endrln (Hexachloro-epoxy-octahydro-endo, 

endo-dimethanonaphthalene ) . 
Heptachlor ( Heptachloro-tetrahydromethano- 
indene ) . 

*Hexachlorocyclohexane (Benzene hexachloride ) 

♦Lindane ' 

Toxaphene (Chlorinated camphene) 

♦1,1, l-Trichloro-2, 2-bis (p-ohlorophenyl )ethane 
(DDT). 
1, 1, l-Trichloro-2, 2-bis (p-methoxyphenyl )ethane 
(ifethoxychlor ) . 

2-Cyclohexyl-4, 6-dinitrophenol 

(l,2-Dibromoethyl)benzene (Styrene dibromlde ) 

0, 0-Dlethyl 0- (2-isopropyl-4-methyl-6- 
pyrimidinyl )phosphorothioate . 
»0, 0-Dimethyl 0- (p-nitrophenyl )phosphorothloate 
(Methyl parathion). 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



192, 198, 513. 



47. 
236. 

^V. 
198 
47. 
192 
79, 

192 



79, 192, 198, 236, 486, 513. 
, 308. 

, 513. 

198, 236, 308, 486. 
79, 80, 198, 236, 308, 486, 513. 



192. 

198. 

236. 
162. 

133, 

192, 

47. 
236. 

198, 

192, 

79, 

198, 

79, 



192, 198, 236, 308, 486, 513. 
198, 513. 



236, 486, 513. 

513. 
198, 236, 308, 486. 

308, 513. 
192. 



17, 132, 177, 212, 605. 

440. 

133, 198, 236. 

335,. 589. 
443. 



416. 
416. 
440. 

487. 
550. 

236, 513. 
371. 
471, 653. 

471. 
653. 
266. 

471. 
590. 

487, 590. 

487. 



229, 374, 443, 513, 556, 570, 633, 653. 

443. 

269. 

197, 198, 371, 497, 513, 520, 570, 608, 653. 

400. 

236. 
236. 
371. 

198, 357, 487, 590. 



mo 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



TABLE 251i. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals for which United 
States production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1957--Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL 
CHEMICALS, CYCLIC--Continued 

fflnsecticides — Continued 

0-Ethyl 0- (p-nitrophenyl )phenylphosphonothioate 
(EPN). 
»Parathion (0,0-Diethyl O-(p-nltrophenyl)- 
phosphorothioate ) . 

Thanite (isobomyl thiocyanatoacetate ) 

wRodenticldes: 

2-Diphenylacetyl-l,3-indandione 

2-Pivaloyl-l,3-indandione 

1,3,5-Trinitrobenzene-aniline complex 

Warfarin (3-(Aoetonylbenzyl)-'i-hydroxycoumarin) — 

PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL 
CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 

«Fumigan ts : 

*Bramomethane (Methyl bromide) 

Chloropicrin 

l,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropaiie 

1,3-Dichloropropane 

1,3-Dichloropropene, 1,2-dichloropropane 
(D-D mixture). 

N-Methyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

^Fungicides and seed disinfectants: 

Bis-l,'i-bromoacetoxy-butene-2 

Bis (dimethylthiocarbamoyl )disulf ide ( Thiram ) . ■'• 

Cadmium succinate 

Calcium undecenoate (Calcium hendeoenoate ) 

Copper undecenoate (Copper hendecenoate ) 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, ferric salt 
( Ferbam ) . 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, manganese salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt.^ 

«Dlmethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt (Ziram) 

Disodium cyanodithioimidocarbonate 

Ethylene bis (dithiocarbamic acid), diammonium salt 
Ethylene bis (dithiocarbamic acid), manganese 
salt (Manzate ) . 
»Ethylene bis (dithiocarbamic acid), disodium 
salt (Nabam). 
Ethylene bis (dithiocarbamic acid), zinc salt 
(Zineb). 

3-Ethyl-(mercurithio)-l,2-propanediol 

Ethylmercury acetate 

Ethylmeroury chloride 

Ethylmercury phosphate 

)i/droxyethylmeroury acetate 

2-Methoxyethylmercury acetate 

Sodium undecenoate (Sodium hendecenoate) 

Zinc undecenoate (Zinc hendecenoate) 

^Herbicides : 

Butyl phosphorotri thiol te 

2-Chloroallyl diethyldithiocarbamate 

N, N-Diallyl-2-chloroacetamide 

2,2-Dichloropropionic acid, sodium salt 

Diethyl dithiobis(thionoformate) 

Hexachloroacetone 

»Methanearsonic acid, disodium salt 

Trichloroacetic acid, sodium salt (TCA) 

^Insecticides: 

2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethyl thiooyanate 

0, 0-Diethyl S- ( ethyl thio )methylphcsphoro- 

dithioate. 
0, 0-Dimethyl 0- ( 2-methoxycarbonyl )isopropenyl- 
phosphate . 
*Ethyl pyrophosphate ( Tetraethylpyrophosphate ) 
(TEPP). 
Malathion ( S- ( 1, 2-Bis ( ethoxycarbonyl )ethyl ) 
0, 0-dimethylphosphorodithioate ) . 

Metaldehyde 

dctamethylpyrophosphoramide (OMPA) 

2-Thiocyanatoethyl laurate 

*Rodenticides : Sodium fluoroacetate 

*Soil conditioners : 

Polyacrylonitrile, hydrolyzed, sodium salt 

Vinyl acetate-maleio acid, modified 



198, 308, -iVa, 487, 567, 610. 

269, 33-;. 

55. 
ASA. 
609. 
516, 589. 



236, 


473, 


497, 


563. 


90, 


236. 






236, 


590. 






236. 








590. 








162, 


229, 


400. 




651. 








495. 








627. 








577. 








132, 


400, 


628. 




132, 


628. 






132, 


400, 


401, 


440, 598, 628, 633 


177. 








628. 








400, 


471. 






162, 


400, 


471, 


628. 


400, 


471, 


628. 




400. 








212, 


400. 






212, 


400. 






400. 








132. 








132. 








133. 








133, 


627. 






266. 








198. 








198. 








236. 








198, 


628. 






653. 








IV, 


31, 651. 




236. 








471. 








567. 








590. 








66, 


80, 473, 661. 


567. 








416. 








198. 








471. 








628. 








567. 








198. 









■■■ Manufacturers' identification numbers for thiram are given in table 21B. Statistics are shown in table 
21A. 

^ Manufacturers ' identification numbers for dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt are given in table 
213. Statistics are shown in table 21A. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



141 



Miscellaneous Synthetic Organic Chemicals 



TABLE a6B.' -synthetic organic chemicala: Mkacellaneoua chemicals for «bich United States production 
or aaiea were reported, identified by manufacturer , 19i7 

[UlecellaneouB ohendoale for which separate etatlfetlce are given in table 26A are marked below with an 
asterisk («); chemicals not so marked do not appear In table 26(A because the reported data are accepted in 
confidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification numbers shown below are taken from 
table 27. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to the publication of his identification 
number with the designated product] 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEIGCAIS, CYCLIC 

l-Allylcarbamidopheno3!yacetic acid 

2-Amlnobenzothiazole 

4-Ajnino-5-(ethoxymethyl)-2-methylpyTlmidine 

3-(2-Aminoethyl)-2-thlohydantoin 

Anisylacetic acid 

Anisyl chloride 

Anisyl cyanide 

Barium octylphenate 

Benzoic acid salts: 

Calcium benzoate 

«Sodium benzoate, tech 

<tSodium benzoate, U.S.P 

All other 

Benzoin oxime ■ 

Benzothiazole 

Benzoyl peroxide 

Benzoylresorcinol 

3-Benzyl-4-methylumbelliferone 

Biological stains 

'i,'i'-Bis[phenylureido]-2,2'-stilbenedisulfonic acid- 
Boron fluoride-phenol complex 

Butoxysafrole 

Butyl benzoate 

2(and Sl-tert-Butyl-'i-methaxyphenol 

tert-Butyl peroxybenzoate 

4-tert-Butylpyrocatechol 

Butyrolactone '■ 

Camphene 

Centralite-l (N,N' -Diethyl -N,N'-diphenylurea) 

Chemical' indicators: 

Dibromo-o-cresolsulfonphthalein (Bromocresol 

purple ) . 
Dibromothymolsulfonphthaleln (Bromothymol blue) — 

Phenolsulfonphthaleln (Phenol red) 

Tetrabromo-m-cresolsulfonphthalein (Bromocresol 

green) . 
Tetrabromophenolsulfonphthalein (Bromophenol blue) 

Thymolphthalein 

All other 

«Chemioal reagents: _ 

Aurintrioarboxylio acid 

Barium diphenylamine sulfonate 

Diphenyl carbazlde 

Diphenyl carbazone 

Diphenyl thiocarbazone (Dithiazone) 

a,a-Dipyridyl 

Girard reagents, P and T 

N-(l-Naphthyl)ethylenediamine dihydroohloride 

Nitrosophenyliydroxylamine (Cupf erron) 

Potassium blphthalate 

Sodlum-2,6-dichlorobenzenoneindophenol 

Sulfosalicylic acid, reagent 

All other 

5-Chloro-a, a-bis [3,5-dichloro-2-hydroxyphenyll-o- 
toluenesulfonic acid. 

Chlorophyllin, sodium-potassium-copper 

Cholesterol 

Cresylic acid, sodium salt 

Cumene hydroperoxide 

Cyclohexanone peroxide ^- 

Cyclohexene-l,2-dicarboxylic acid iTetrahydro- 

phthalio acid), disubstituted , polyester salts: 

Barium salt 

Barium cadmium salt 

Cadmium salt • 

Cyclohexyltaurlne, sodium salt 

"Cyclopropane 

Decahydronaphthalene (Deoalin) 

Diazodinltrophenol 

2,5-Di-n-butoxyaniline (Aminohydroquinone , dibutyl 
ether) . 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



125. 
&42. 
335. 
408. 
408. 
408. 
448. 

479. 

479. 

198, 345, 443, 479. 

52, 507. 

125, 562. 

567. 

69, 501. 

507. 

268, 425. 
74, 267. 
507. 
653. 
408. 
566. 
557. 
501. 
236. 
507. 

269, 400, X. 
460, 633. 

267, 562. 

267, 562. 
267, 577. 
267, 562. 

267, 562. 

562. 

74, 182, 267, 562. 



562, 653. 
562. 
642. 
182, 248, 267, 562, 577, 609, 636, 648, 653. 



410. 
395. 
596. 
269. 
501. 



136. 

136. 

136. 

507. 

176, 199, 321, 495. 

400. 

269. 

557. 



142 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, I957 

TABLE 26B.- -Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United States production 
or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , J957- -Continued 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC --Continued 

*2,6-Di-tert-butyl-p-cresol: 

»Food grade 

»Tech 

2,5-Di-tert-butylhydroquinone 

2,4-Diohlorobenzoyl peroxide 

l,3-Diohloro-5,5-dimethyIhydantoin 

p-(Diohlorosulfamyl)benzoic acid (Halazone) 

DieyclohexylaMnonium nitrite 

2, 5-Diethoxy aniline 

p-Diethoxybenzene 

7-Diethylamino-4--methylcoumarin 

2 , 2'-Dihydroxy-A ,4' -dlmethoxybenzophenone and 
3,3'-disulfonlc acid. 

3,5-Diiodosalicylic acid 

Diisopropylbenzene hydroperoxide 

2, 5-Dimetlioxy aniline 

»p-Diinethoxybenzene (Dimethyl ether of hydroquinone ' 

N,N-Dimethylamline formaldehyde condensate 

'4,<i'-Dinltrocarbanilide-<»,6-dlmethyl-2-pyrimidinol- 

Dioxane (1,4-Diethylene oxide) 

6-Ethoxy-m-aiK)l ( Propenylmethylguaethol ) 

Ethylene carbonate 

Ethylene glycol monophenyl ether 

Ethylene glycol terpinyl ether 

Ethylenethiourea 

2-Ethylhexyl octylphenyl phosphite 

Ethyl hydrocaffeate 

Ethyl 2-phenylbutyTate 

Fenchone 

^Flotation reagents: 

Dicresyldithiophosphoric acid 

Dicresyldithiophosphoric acid, ammonium salt 

Dicresyldithiophosphoric acid, sodium salt 

Di-o-tolyl thiourea 

Rosin amine 

^Thiocarbanilide (Diphenyl thiourea) 

Furan derivatives: 

Furfural (2 -Fur aldehyde) 

Furoic acid 

Tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol 

Gallic acid, tech 

Gallic acid, sodium salt 

Gasoline antioxidants and inhibitors: 

p-Butylaminophenol 

2,6-Di-tert-butylphenol 

N,N' -Di-sec -butyl -p-phenylenediamlne 

N,N'-Disalicylidene-l,2-propanediamine 

All other 

Glyceryl p-aminobenzoate 

Glycidyl phenyl ether 

*Hexamethylenetetramine, tech 

Hydrocinnamlo acid 

5-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-4-methylthiazole 

2-Hydroxy-'i-methoxybenzophenone and sulfonate 

Isopropylcresols 

♦Lubricating oil additives: 

Alioyclio compounds, sulfurized 

Aliylphenols , metallic salts 

2,2'-Dihydroxy-5,5'-di-tert-ootylphenol monosul- 
fide, barium salt. 

Heterocyclic compounds, sulfurized 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, ammonium salt-- 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, barium salt 

♦Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, calcium salt — 
♦Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt 

Tall oil ester, sulfurized 

Zinc dialiylphenyl dithiophosphate 

All other 

p-Menthane ■ 

p-Menthyl hydroperoxide 

p-Methoxyphenol 

a-itethylbenzylphenol mixture 

MBthyloyclohexanol 

2,2'-MBthylenebis [4-chloropheiiol] (Diohlorophene) - 
2,2'-Metliylenebis [3,4,6-trichlorophenol] (Hexa- 
chlorophene ) . 

2,2'-Uethylenedi-p-cresol ' 

Methyl gallate 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



387, 557, 590, 592. 




269, 387, 557, 567, 590, 592. 




557. 




69. 




124. 




516. 




570. 




557. 




557. 




268, 425, 460. 




507. 




609. 




269. 




557. 




31, 309, 557. 




155. 




X. 




566. 




309. 




537. 




236, 566. 




269. 




633. 




266. 




309. 




495. 




433. 




567. 




567. 




178. 




400, 567. 




269. 




198, 267, 567. 




540. 




540. 




540. 




495, 636. 




495. 




400. 




493. 




400, 557. 




400, 557. 




557. 




42. 




590. 




216, 241, 400, 479, 570, 591, 642. 




309. 




642. 




507. 




187, 408. 




565, 615. 




434, 646, X. 




567. 




434. 




615. 




454, 506, 567, 615, 646, X. 




312, 434, 506, 615, 646. 




38, 40, 312, 377, 471, 506, 525, 532, 565, 


599 


619, X, X. 




646. 




434. 




155, 198, 434, 443, 518, 567, 590, 615. 




269, 433. 




269, 433. 




31, 309, 557. 




236. 




443. 




408. 




408. 




408. 




636. 





MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



143 



TABLE 2SB.' -Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United States production 
or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , i957- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICAIS, CYCLIC --Continued 

Methylglucoside 

N-Methylmorphollne 

l-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone 

Methyl terplnyl ether 

"i-Methylumbelllferone 

Morpholine 

Iforpholine oleate 

Morpholine toluenesulfonate 

*Naphthenic acid salts: 

Aluminum naphthenate 

Barium naphthenate 

ttCadmium naphthenate 

«Calcium naphthenate 

Cobalt lead manganese naphthenate 

■••Cobalt naphthenate 

»Iron naphthenate 

»Lead naphthenate 

Lithium naphthenate 

^Manganese naphthenate 

Mercury naphthenate 

Nickel naphthenate 

Rare earth naphthenates 

Strontium naphthenate 

*Zino naphthenate 

l-Ootadeoenyl-2-naphthenyltetrahydropyrlmidine 

Organic mercury compounds: 

Phenyl mercuric borate 

Phenyl mercuric salicylate 

Pyridyl mercuric acetate 

All other 

Phenolthlosulfonic acid 

Phenyljnagnesium bromide 

■xPhotographio chemicals: 

5-Amlno-l,3,4-trlazole 

*Benzotrlazole 

Catechol (Pyrocateohin) 

Chlorobenzotrlazole 

2,4- Dlamlnophenol hydrochloride 

p-Diazo-N-benzyl-N-ethylaniline, zinc chloride 

salt. 
p-Dlazo-2-ohloro-N,N-dlethylanlllne, zinc chloride 
salt. 

»p-Diazo-N,N-diethylanillne, zinc chloride salt 

p-Diazo-N,N-dlethyl-m-phenetldlne, zinc chloride 
salt. 

p-Diazo-N,N-dimethylaniline, zinc chloride salt 

Diazodiphenylamine sulfate 

p-Dlazo-N -ethyl -N-hydroxyethylaniline, zinc 

chloride salt. 
p-Diazo-N-hydroxyethyl-N-methylaniline, zinc 

chloride salt. 
p-Diazo-N-methyl-o-toluidine, zinc chloride salt--- 

N,N-Dlethyl-p-phenylenedlamlne hydrochloride 

N,N-Dietl^rltoluene-2,5-dlamine, monohydrochloride-- 
2,5-Dihydroxybenzenesulfonic acid (Hydroqulnone- 

sulfonic acid), sodium salt. 
p-Ethoxybenzenedlazoniumsulfonlc acid, sodium 

salt. 
N-Ethyl-N-bydroxyethyl-p-phenylenediamlne siafate-- 
N-Ethyl-N-(p -methane3ulfonamldoethyl)toluene-2,5- 
dlamlne sulfate. 

Hydroquinone (Hydroquinol ) 

N-(Hydroxyphenyl) glycine 

3-Hydroxyphenylurea 

4-Methoxy-l-naphthol 

p-hfethylaminophenol sulfate (Metol) 

5-Methylbenzotriazole 

2-Msthylthiaaollne 

6-Nitrobenzimidazole 

4-Phenylpyrocateohol 

Phthalio acid, lead salt, dibasic 

Pinene 

Pinene mercaptan 

Piperonyl butoxide 



373. 
566. 
507. 
269. 

268, 387, 425. 
537, 566, 615. 
27. 

240. 

403, 448, 525, 613. 

377, X. 

289, 377, 448. 

172, 261, 262, 289, 323, 403, 414, 448, 500, 525, 

613, 658. 
403, 613. 
66, 172, 261, 262, 289, 323, 403, 414, 444, 445, 

500, 525, 613, 658. 
289, 323, 403, 448, 525, 613, 658. 
66, 172, 261, 262, 268, 289, 323, 403, 414, 448, 

500, 525, 613, 658, X. 
448. 

66, 172, 261, 262, 289, 323, 403, 414, 448, 500, 
. 525, 613, 658. 
212, 613. 
448. 
448. 
448. 
172, 261, 262, 289 j 323, 403, 448, 500, 525, 613, 

658. 
414. 

132. 

132, 212. 

495. 

132, 212, 495. 

507. 

248. 

125. 

125, 507, 562, 609. 

387. 

125. 

629. 

125, 609. 

125. 

125, 267, 418, 507, 609. 
125, X. 

125, 418, 609. 

125. 

125, 418. 

125, 418. 

125, X. 
557. 
557. 
562. 

507. 

418. 
557. 

548, 557. 

418. 

125. 

557. 

562, 636. 

562. 

125. 

125, 562. 

557. 

319. 

269, X. 
400. 
341. 



144 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 

TABLE 26B.--Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United States productic 
or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, J957- -Continued 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICAI^, CYCLIC— Continued 



Piperonylcyolonene 

Polyethylene terephthalate 

Polymethylenesalicylio acid ■ 

p -Propiolactone 

Propylene carbonate 

*n-Propyl gallate 

Pyrogallol (Pyrogallio acid) 

p-Qjiinone 

Research chemicals: 

AralJiyl borates 

Aralkyl chlorides 

Aralkyl esters 

Aralkyl hydrocarbons 

Aralliyl sulfides 

Grignard reagents 

Naphthalene derivatives 

Purine and pyrimidine derivatives- 

Pyridine derivatives 

All other 



»Rosin acid salts: 

Aluminum resinate 

Calcium lead resinate 

Calcium resinate 

Cobalt resinate . 

Copper resinate 

Iron resinate 

*Lead resinate 

Magnesium resinate 

Manganese resinate 

*Zinc resinate 

All other 

Salicylanilide 

Salicylic acid, lead salt 

Silicones 

Sulfosalicylic acid 

Tall oil fatty acid chloride 

»Tall oil salts (Linoleic -rosin acid salts): 

Barium zinc tallate 

*Calcium tallate 

»Cobalt tallate 

Copper tallate 

Iron tallate 

♦Lead tallate 

Lead manganese tallate 

^Manganese tallate 

Zinc glyceryl tallate 

Zinc tallate 

♦Tanning materials, synthetic: 

Bisphenol-formaldehyde, bisulfite type 

Cresol-formaldehyde sulfonate, sodium salt 

1-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, formaldehyde conden- 
sate and salt. 
»2-Naphthalenesulfonio acid, formaldehyde conden- 
sate and salt, 
2-NaphtholEulfonio acid, formaldehyde condensate, 
sodium salt. 

Phenol-formaldehyde, sulfonate 

Styrene-maleio anhydride interpolymer, partial 

sodium salt . 
Sulfonyldiphenolsulfonic acid, formaldehyde con- 
densate. 

Terpene hydrocarbons 

l,2,3,';-Tetrahydronaphthalene (Tetralin) 

Tetrahydrothlophene 

Tetraphenyl tin 

♦Textile chemicals, other than surface-active agents: 

N-Benzyl and (N,N-dibenzyl)-p-sulfanilic acid 

l,3-Bis(hydroxymethyl)-2-imidazolidone 

Diphenyl-l,2-propanediamine 

l-Phenyl-3-pyrazolidone 

Protalbinio acid 

Saccharide bisulfite 

Stearamidemethylpyridinium chloride 

Sulfurated phenol 

2,2 ,^,^' -Tetrahydroxybenzophenone 

All other 

2,2'-Thiobis[4-chlorophenol] 

2,2'-Thiobis[4,6-dichlorophenol] 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



341, 

400, 

507, 

517, X. 

537, 

479, 557, 577, 636, 

495, 636. 

557, 636. 

523. 
359. 
359, 

248, 590. 
359. 
248, 
296. 

351, 452. 
544. 

52, 246, 248, 266, 306, 334, 351, 388, 452, 544, 
562, 577, 590, 664, X. 

139, 495. 

238. 

139, 170, 289, 500, 

172, 500. 

139. 

139. 

139, 289, 403, 658. 

500. 

139, 289, 658, 

139, 289, 403, 500, X. 

139, 

400. 

319. 

222, 423, 449, 664. 

577, 642. 

507. 

403. 

261, 403, 448, 613, 658. 

66, 172, 261, 262, 289, 323, 403, 448, 613, 658. 

172, 403. 

289, 323, 403, 448. 

66, 172, 261, 262, 289, 323, 403, 448, 613, 658. 

262, 289, 403. 

66, 172, 261, 262, 323, 403, 448, 613, 658, 

448, 

403, 

571, 

371, 507, 
571. 

195, 267, 471, 498, 571. 

571. 

471, 571. 
400. 

507. 

400. 
400. 
434. 
664. 

507. 
245. 
245. 
371. 
315. 
245. 
400. 
507. 
507. 
245. 
408. 
198. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 145 

TABLE 26B. •'Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United States production 
or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , 7957- -Continued 



Manufaotuxera' identification numbers 
(according to liat in table 27) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHE^aCALS, CYCLIC --Continued 

Toluquinone 

o-Tolylbiguanide 

Tri-tert-ainylphenyl phosphite 

3,<i,'i' -Trlchlorooarbanilide 

Trioxane 

Tri phenyl phosphite 

l-Vinyl-2-pyrrolldone, monomer 

l-Vlnyl-2-pyrrolidone, polymer 

l-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidone, vinyl acetate copolymer — 

MISCEIiANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 

»Acetaldehyde 

Acetals 

Acetamlde 

»Aoetic acid, synthetic, lOOjt 

»Aoetic acid salts: 

•Aluminum acetate 

Aluminum subacetate 

wAramonlum acetate 

Barium acetate 

Cadmium acetate 

Calcium acetate 

Chromium acetate 

Cobalt acetate 

Copper acetate 

Lead acetate 

»Lead subacetate 

Magnesium acetate 

Manganese acetate 

Mercuric acetate 

«Nickel acetate 

•Potassium acetate 

Silver acetate 

Sodium acetate 

Zinc acetate 

■Zirconium acetate 

All other 

•Acetic anhydride, lOOjt: 

From aoetaldehyde 

From ethylene 

From recovered acetic acid by the vapor-phase 

process. 
From acetic acid (other than recovered) by the 
vapor-phase process. 
Acetin: 

Mono. 

Di 

Tri 

•Acetone : 

By fermentation 

From oumene 

•From isopropyl alcohol 

All other 

Acetone semloarbazone 

AcetonitrileJ- 

Acetonylacetone (2,5-Hexanedione_) 

Acetylacetone (2,'i-Pentanedione) 

Acetyl chloride 

Acetylenedioarboxyllc acid, monopotassium salt — 

tert-Acetylenic glycols 

Acrolein (Acrylaldehyde) 

Acrylamlde 

Acrylates, above ethyl 

Acrylic acid 

Acrylic acid, calcium salt 

•Acrylonitrlle 

•Adiplc acid 

Adiponitrile 

Aldol (Acetaldol) 

Alkylene oxides 

Allcyl sulfides , 

Aliyl tetrasillcates 

Allyl alcohol 

Allyl glyceryl ether .— 

Allyl glyoidyl ether 

N-Allylglycine 

Allyl isothiocyanate, nonperfume grade 

Aluminum isopropoxide (Aluminum Isopropylate) 



557. 








198. 








198. 








198. 








517. 








198. 








507. 








507. 








507. 








108, 155, 269, 


400, 


416, 512, 517, 557, 


558, 566 


600. 








512. 








653. 








108, 269, /H6, 


517, 


557, 566, 600. 




566, 567, 571, 


642, 


653. 




^95, 642. 








33A, 495, 653. 








334, 495, 653. 








495, 653. 








334, 642, 653. 








495, 567, 571-. 








172, 334, 403, 


658. 






334, 566, 653, 


658. 






289, 334, 653. 








334, 495, 500, 


642, 


653. 




495, 653. 








403, 658. 








334, 495, 653. 








172, 334, 403, 


658. 






334, 495, 566, 


642, 


653. 




495. 








334, 566, 642, 


653. 






334, 403, 495, 


566, 


642, 653. 




319. 








52. 








269. 








566. 








269, 517, 557. 








269, 517, 557. 








280. 








280, 477. 








280, 557. 








416, 600. 








269, 525, 611. 








108, 442, 557, 


566, 


590. 




512, 517. 








350. 








544, 566. 








566. 








566. 








626. 








267. 








360. 








566. 








567. 








471. 








471, 550. 








471. 








198, 550, 566, 


567. 






198, 267, 400, 


444. 






400, 444, X. 








566. 








236. 








434. 








566. 








590. 








590. 








590. 








567. 








309, 609. 








125, 423, 465. 









|/l6 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 

TABLE 26B.- -Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United States production 
or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1957- -Continued 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC --Continued 

«Aiiiines : 

Allylamine 

Amylamlne 

»n-Butylaniine 

tert-Butylamine 

Coconut oil amine 

N-Cocotrimethylenediamine 

Diallylamine 

Diamylamine 

Di-n-butylamine 

N,N-Ditutyl-l,3-propane(Jiamine 

Dlooooamlne 

Diethylamine 

Diethylamine hydrochloride 

2,2'-Diethyldihexylaiiiine 

Diethylenetriamine 

N''",N^-Diethyl-l,'i-pentanediamine (Novoldiamine) - 

N,N-Diethyl-l,3-propanediajiiine 

Diisobutylamlne 

Diisopropylamine 

*Dimetliylai[ilne 

Dimethylamine sulfate 

Dimethylcoooamlne 

Dimethyloctadecylamlne (Stearyldimethylamine) -— 

N,N-Diinethyl-l,3-propanediaiiune 

Dime thy Isoyamine 

Di-n-propyl amine 

Ditallow amine, hydrogenated 

Dodecylamine 

Ethylamine, mono 

*Ethy lened i nitii ne 

Hexadecylamlne 

Hexamethylenediamine 

3,3'-Imino'bispropylamine 

Isohutylamine 

Isopropylamine 

^<Methylamine , mono 

Ootadecylamine 

*Octylainine 

Oleylamine 

Polyethyleneamines 

Propylamine, mono 

Propylenedi amine 

N-Soyatrimethylenediamlne 

Soybean oil amine 

Tallow amine 

Tallow amine, hydrogenated 

N-Tallowtrimethylenediamine 

Tri allylamine 

Trlamylamine 

Tributylamine 

Triethylamine 

Triethylenetetramine 

*Trlmethylamine 

Trimethylamine hydrochloride 

Trimethylamlne sulfite 

Tripropylamine 

All other 

Amine acid reaction products 

2-Amino-l-butanol 

1-Aminoethanol (Acetaldehyde ammonia) 

2 - ( 2-Aminoethylamino ) ethanol ( Amlnoethylethanol- 
amlne). 

l-(2-Aminoethylamino)-2-propanol 

2-Amino-2-ethyl-l,3-propanediol 

Aminoguanidine bicarbonate 

Aminoguanidine sulfate 

2-Amino-2-(hydroxymethyl) -1,3-propanediol (Tris- 
(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane) . 

2-Amino-2-methyl-l,3-propanediol 

2-Amino-2-methyl-l-propanol 

3-Amlno-l-propanol 

Amyl acetates, 90^, primary: 

Isoamyl 

»Normal 

Mixed isomers 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



590, 609. 




633. 




557, 566, 


633. 


198, 471. 




406, 534. 




534. 




590. 




633. 




566, 633. 




567. 




534. 




566, 633. 




133. 




566. 




236, 566. 




460. 




567. 




633. 




633. 




400, 416, 


471. 


471. 




534. 




534. 




566, 567. 




534. 




633. 




534. 




534. 




566, 633. 




236, 537, 


566, 570. 


534. 




444, X. 




567. 




633. 




537, 566, 


633. 


400, 416, 


471. 


534. 




471, 534, 


566. 


534. 




566. 




633. 




566. 




534. 




534. 




406, 534. 




406, 534. 




534. 




590. 




633. 




633. 




566, 633. 




236, 566. 




400, 416, 


471. 


400. 




653. 




633. 




296, 356, 


471, 557, 570, 


590. 




416. 




626. 




566. 




393. 




416. 




161. 




507. 




416. 




416. 




416. 




567. 




85, 626. 




416, 495 


557, 600. 


566, 633 





MISCELI^NEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



147 



TABLE 26B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United production or 
sales were reported, identi fied by manufacturer , i957--Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Anyl alcohols, 100^: 
Unmixed: 
Primary: 

Isoamyl (3-Methylbutanol-l) 

Normal (n-Butylcarblnol) 

Secondary: Pentanol-2 (Methylpropyloarbinol) 

Tertiary: Amyl (2-Methylbutanol-2) 

Mixed: 

Fusel oil, crude 

BMsel oil, refined 

Other than fusel oil: 

Primary, mixed 

Secondary, mixed 

Primary-secondary, mixed 

Primary-secondary- tertiary, mixed 

All other 

Amyl ether 

Amyl ethyl ketone 

Amyl mercaptan (1-Pentanethiol) 

Amyl nitrate 

Azelalo acid 

Azobisbutyramide hydrochloride 

a,a'-Azodiisobutyronitrile 

Behenic acid 

«Bis(2-chloroethyl) ether (Diohloroethyl ether), all 
grades . 
Bis(chloroisopropyl) ether (Dlchloroisopropyl ether) — 

Bis(2,6-dimetiiyl-4-heptyl) maleate 

Bis ( lauryltrimethylammonlum) polythionate 

Bis(tributyltln) oxide 

Biuret 

Boron fluoride ethyl ether complex 

Boron trifluorlde ethylamine complex 

N-Bromoacetamide . 

a-Bromolauric acid 

N-Bromosuocinlmide (Suooinibromlmide) 

l,<i-Butanedlol 

1,2,4-Butanetrlol 

2-Butene-l,4-diol 

3-Buten-2-one (Methyl vinyl ketone) 

l-Butoxyethoxy-2-propanol 

»Butyl acetates, 905t: 
Primary: 

ISO, nonperfume grade only 

»Normal 

Secondary 

Mixed - - — — 

■N-tert-Butylacrylamide 

■"Butyl alcohols, 100^6: 
Primary: 

ISO (Isopropylcarbinol) 

♦Normal (n-Propylcarbinol) 

Secondary (Methylethylcarbinol) 

Tertiaiy (Trimethylcarbinol) 

Mixtures 

Butylaminoethanol 

Butylene glycol (1,2- and 1,3- mixture) 

Butyl ether (Di-n-butyl ether) 

Butyl glycidyl ether 

tert-Butyl hydroperoxide 

n-Butyl Isocyanate 

Butyl lactate — . • 

tert-Butyl peroxide (Di-tert-butyl peroxide) 

tert-Butyl peroxyacetate 

tert-Butyl peroxylsobutyrate 

Butyl vinyl ether : 

2-Butyne-l,4-diol 

Butyraldehyde 

Butyraldehyde oxlme 

Butyric acid 

Butyric acid, sodium salt 

Butyric anhydride 

Butyryl chloride 

Caprlo acid (n-Deoylic acid) 

Caprolc acid 

Caprolaotam (2-Oxohexamethylenimlne) 

Capryl chloride (Decanoyl chloride) 

Caprylic acid (Octanoio acid) 

Caprylio acid salts: 

Aluminum caprylate 

Zinc caprylate 



334, 439. 
633. 
633. 
633. 

416, 439. 
416, 439, 600. 

558, 566, 633. 

633. 

633. 

633. 

517, 633. 

633. 

557, 590. 

633. 

493. 

621. 

562. 

175. 

561. 

236, 393, .537, 566, 570. 

236, 393, 566. 

507. 

334. 

664. 

500. 

403, 653. 

653. 

248. 

400. 

248, 404. 

507. 

507. 

507. 

396. 

566. 



557, 566. 

416, 517, 557, 566, 600. 



517, 557. 
567. 



108, 

108, 

590, 

590. 

517, 

633. 

517. 

566. 

590. 

501. 

595. 

416. 

501, 

501. 

501. 

507. 

507. 

557, 

267. 

517, 

52. 

557, 

443. 

151, 

397, 

267. 

443. 

151, 

377. 
334. 



517, 557, 558, 566, X. 

400, 416, 512, 517, 557, 566, 600. 



558, 566. 

557, 566. 

566. 

593. 
566, 626. 



148 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 

TABLE 26B. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Kiscellaneous chemicals for which United States production 
or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1957 --Continued 



MISCELLANEOUS CHMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



Capryloyl chloride 

«Carbon disulfide 

»Cellulose esters: 

^Cellulose acetate 

Cellulose acetate butyrate 

Cellulose acetate propionate 

Cellulose nitrate 

Cellulose propionate 

^Cellulose ethers: 

Ethyl cellulose 

Ethyl hydroxyethylcellulose 

Methyl cellulose 

»Sodiu]n carboxymethylcellulose, lOOjS 

Sodium carboxymett^Ihydroxyethylcellulose 

»Chloral (Trichloroacetaldehy^e) 

Chloroacetaldehyde dimethyl acetal 

^•Chloroacetlc acid, mono ■ 

Chloroacetic acid, mono, derivatives: 

Butyl monochloroacetate 

Ethyl monochloroacetate 

Methyl monochloroacetate 

Sodium monochloroacetate 

Chloroaoetone (l-Chloro-2-propanone) 

Chloroaoetyl chloride 

»2-Chloro-N, N-dlmethylethylamine (Dimethylaminoethyl 
chloride) hydrochloride. 

2-Chloro-N,N-dimethylpropylamine hydrochloride 

3-Chloro-N,N-dimethylpropylamine hydrochloride 

Chlorohydroxybutyronitrile 

Chloromethyl methyl ether 

Chlorometl^lsilanes 

p -Chloropropionic acid 

3-Chloropropionitrile 

N-Chlorosuccinlmide (Suociniohlorimide) 

2-Chlorotrietliylamine (Diethylamlnoethyl chloride) 
hydrochloride . 

Chlorotrimethylsilane 

p -Chlorovinyl ethyl ketone 

Choline 

Citric acid, by fermentation, refined 

■"Citric acid salts: 

Ammonium citrate 

Barium citrate 

Calcium citrate 

Ferric ammonium citrate 

Ferric citrate 

Ferrous calcium citrate 

Ferrous citrate 

Manganese citrate 

^Potassium citrate 

Sodium citrate 

All other 

Coconut oil amide 

Crotonaldehyde 

Crotonio acid (2-Butonic acid) 

a-Cyanoacetamide 

Cyanoacetic acid 

n-Decane 

Decene-1 

Diaeetone alcohol ('i-Hydroxy-4-methyl-2-pentanone) — 

Diallyl ether 

2-Dibutylaminoethanol 

Dibutyl fumarate . 

Dibutyl maleate 

l,3-Dibutyl-2-thiourea 

Dibutyl tin diacetate 

Dibutyltln dichloride 

Dibutyltin dilaurate 1 

Dibutyltin maleate -, 

Dibutyltin methoxlde — — 

Dibutyltin oxide 

Diohloroaoetaldehyde— — 

Dichloroacetic aold 

Dlchloroacetio acid, ethyl ester 

Dichloroacetic aold, methyl ester---— 

Aji'-Dichlorodibutyl ether 

Diohlorodiethylsllane (Diethyl silicon dichloride) 

Dichlorodimethylsllane 

Dlchloroethyl formal (Bis(2-ohloroethoxy)methane)- 
Dichloromethylvinylsilane 



626. 

68, 130, 229, 231, 542, 661. 

AA, 269, "iOO, 517, 557. 

557. 

557. 

269, -COO. 

517. 

236, 269. 

269. 

236. 

186, 269, 393, 400. 

269. 

513, 520, 661. 

507. 

186, 198, 236, 269, 335, 443. 

198. 

198, 236, 306, 309, 408. 

236, 306. 

236. 

562. 

236. 

55, 133, 497, 516, 660. 

497. 

55, 497. 

562. 

443, 471, 562. 

449. 

481, 562. 

567. 

248, 267. 

133, 497, 660. 

222. 
516. 
471. 
396, 552. 

396, 495. 

500. 

396. 

396, 495. 

495. 

133, 278. 

396. 

495. 

396, 495, 642. 

396, 495, 642. 

52, 278, 451. 

534. 

557, 566. 

566. 

306. 

236, 306. 

551. 

551. 

566, 590. 

590. 

633. 

105, 198. 

105, 198, 566. 

633. 

664. 

664. 

664. 

664. 

X. 

664. 

661. 

306. 

306. 

306. 

628. 

222. 

222. 

355. 

222. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 149 

TABLE 26B. --Synf/ietic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United States production 
or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, J957- -Continued 



Manufacturers' Identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 



l,3-Dlchloro-2-propanol (Glycerol diohlorohydrin) 

Di(l,2-epoxypropane)amine 

DiethylRmi noethanethiol hydrochloride 

2-Diethylamlnoethanol 

2-Diethylaniinoethyl methacrylate 

Diethyl sec-butylethylmalonate 

Diethyl carbonate 

Diethyl diethylmalonate (Diethyl malonio ester) 

»Diethirlene glycol 

Diethylene glycol chloroformate 

Diethylene glycol di-n-butyl ether 

Diethylene glycol diethyl ether (Bis(2-ethoxyethyl) 

ether) . 

Diethylene glycol dimethyl ether 

Diethylene glycol monobutyl ether (2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)- 

ethanol) . 

Diethylene glycol monobutyl ether acetate 

Diethylene glycol monoethyl ether (Carbitol) (2-(2- 

Ethoxyethoxy)ethanol) . 

Diethylene glycol monoethyl ether acetate 

Diethylene glycol monomethyl ether (2-(2-Methoxy- 

ethoxy)ethanol) . 

Diethyl (ethoxymethylene)malonate 

Diethyl ethyllsoamylmalonate 

Diethyl ethylmalonate (Ethyl malonic ester) 

Dl-2-ethylhexyl maleate (Dioctyl maleate) 

Dlethylhydroxylamine oxalate 

Diethyl maleate 

»Diethyl malonate (Malonio ester) 

Diethyl 1-methylbutylmalonate 

Diethyl oxalate (Ethyl oxalate) 

Diethylthiophosphoryl chloride 

l,3-Diethyl-2-thiourea - 

Dlglycolic acid 

2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethylbutyrlo acid, y -lactone 

(Pantolactone) . 

Diisobutyl ketone (Isovalerone) 

Dlisopropylammonium nitrite 

Diisopropyl peroxydicarbonate (Isopropyl percarbonate) 

l,3-Diisopropyl-2-thiourea . 

N,N-Dimethylacetamide 

»2-Dlmethylamlaoethanol 

Dijnethylamino-2-propanol 

3-Dimethylamlnopropionitrile 

N,N-Dimethylformamide 

Dime thy Iglyoxime 

2,6-Dlmethyl-4-heptanol (Diisobutylcarbinol) 

2, 5-Dimethyl-l, 5-hexadlen-3-yne (Dlisopropenyl- 

aoetylene) . 

2,5-DimethyIhexanediol-2,5 r 

2,5-Dlmethyl-3-hexynediol-2,5 

Dimethyl hydrazine 

Dimethyl malonate 

3,6-Dimethyl-4-octynediol-3,6 

Dime thy lolurea 

Di('4-methyl-2-pentyl) maleate 

2,2-Dimethyl-l,3-propanediol (Neopentyl glycol) 

Dimethyl sulfide 

Dimethyl thiophosphoryl chloride 

1,3-Dlmethylurea 

Dioctyl maleate 

Dioleyl maieate 

Dipropylene glycol 

Dipropylene glycol methyl ether 

Dithiocarbamate-formaldehyde resin, zinc salt 

Dithio-oxamide (Rubeanlc acid), 

n-Dodecane 

Dodecenylsuocinlo anhydride 

Dodecylazome thine 

n-Eicosane 

Epichlorohydrin 

Erucic acid 

»Ethanolamlnes : 

ffttonoethanolamine (2-Aminoethanol) 

<<Diethanolamine (2,2'-Aminodiethauol) 

*Triethanolamine (2,2',2"-Nltrilotrlethanol) 

Ethanolamine (mono) salt with formaldehyde 

Ethanolamlne residue 

p-Ethoxypropionitrile 

Ethoxytrimethoxypropane 



657. 
516. 
393, 537, 560, 566, 570. 



562. 
400. 
253. 
566, 
400. 
516. 
341, 
481, 
236, 
556. 
566. 
566. 

31. 

236, 566, 570. 

566. 

236, 566, 570. 

566. 

236, 537, 566, 570. 

306. 

481, 516. 

481, 516. 

352, 566. 

562. 

566, 567. 

236, 306, 481, 516. 

481, 516. 

335, 341, 416. 

198, 567. 

633. 

400. 

566. 

566. 

570. 

556. 

633. 

562. 

471, 566, 633, 

633. 

567. 

400. 

451, 562. 

566. 

360. 

360. 

360. 

341, 661, 

306. 

360. 

400. 

105. 

558. 

81. 

198. 

633. 

105. 

198. 

236, 517, 566, 

236. 

334. 

495. 

551. 

267, 551. 

414. 

551. 

236, 566, 590. 

561, 

236, 537, 560, 566, 570. 

236, 537, 560, 566, 570. 

236, 537, 560, ,566, 570. 

471. 

537, 570. 

567, 

306. 



ISO 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



TABLE 26B.- -Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United States production 
or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1957 --Continued 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

«Ethyl acetate, 85^ 

Ethyl acetoaoetate 

Ethyl aerylate 

»Etl^rl alcohol, synthetic 

2-Ethylaminoethanol ( Ethylmonoethanolamine ) 

Ethylaminoethanols , mixed 

Ethyl bromoacetate 

2-Ethyl-l-butanol (sec-Hexyl alcohol) 

a-Ethylbutyraldehyde 

a-Ethylbutyric acid (Diethylacetic acid) 

a -Ethy loaproaldehyde ( 2-Ethylhexaldehyde ) 

a-Ethylcaproic acid (2-Ethyl-l-hexoic acid) 

«a-Ethyloaproic (2-Ethyl-l-hexoic) acid salts: 

Aluminum a-ethylcaproate 

Barium a -ethyloaproate 

Cadmium a -ethyloaproate 

Calcium a -ethyloaproate 

»Cobalt a -ethyloaproate 

Copper a -ethyloaproate 

Iron a -ethyloaproate 

*Lead a-ethylcaproate 

Lithium a-ethylcaproate 

<4tanganese a-ethylcaproate 

Rare earths o -ethyloaproate 

Strontium a -ethyloaproate 

»Zino a -ethyloaproate 

Zirconium a -ethyloaproate 

a-Ethylcapryl acetate 

Ethyl carbamate 

Ethyl carbonate 

Ethyl ohloroformate 

Ethyl oyanoacetate 

Ethylene, from ethyl alcohol 

Ethylene ohlorohydrin (2-Chloroethanol) 

Ethylene cyanhydrin (Hydracrylonitrile) 

»Ethylene glycol 

Ethylene glycol ohloroformate 

Ethylene glycol diacetate 

Ethylene glycol di-n-butyl ether 

Ethylene glycol dimethyl ether (1,2-Dimethoxyethane) 

Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether (2-Butoxyethanol) 

Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether acetate 

Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether (Cellosolve) (2- 

Ethoxyethanol ) . 
Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether acetate (2-Ethoxy- 

ethyl acetate). 
Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether (2-Methoxyethanol)- 
Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate (2-Methoxy- 
ethyl acetate) . 

*Ethylene oxide 

»Ethyl ether: 

Tech 

U.S.P 

Absolute 

»Ethyl formate '■ 

N-Ethylglycine 

2-Ethyl-l,3-hexanediol 

2-Ethyl-l-hexanol 

2-Ethyl-l-hexyl acetate 

2-Ethyl-l-hexyl aerylate 

Ethyl a-hydroxylsobutyrate 

Ethyl a-hydroxyisovalerate 

2-Ethyl-2-(hydroxymethyl)-l,3-propanediol 
(Trlmethylolpropane) . 

Ethyl lactate 

2-(Ethylmeroapto)ethanol 

2-Ethyl-'i-methyl-l-pentanol 

2-Ethyl-4-methylvaleraldehyde ( 2-Ethyliso- 

hexaldehyde). 
2-Ethyl-'i-methylvalerlo acid (2-Ethyliaohexoic acl4) 

2-Etliyl-2-nitro-l,3-propanediol 

Ethyl p-oxoaraohidate 

Ethyl propionate — 

Ethyl propyl nitrate 

■»Etl^l silicate (Tetraethoxysilane)- 

Ethyl sulfate (Diethyl sulfate) 

»Fat8 and oils, chemically modified: 

Castor oil, phosphated — 

Vegetable oils, bromlnated 

All other - 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



303, 


416, 


557, 


566, 


600. 




3^1, 


566. 










■iVl, 


517, 


566. 








108, 


140, 


269, 


442, 


558, 


566, 590, X 


633. 












633. 












236. 












517, 


557, 


566. 








566. 












566. 












558, 


566. 










557, 


566. 










245, 


323. 










A^. 












AA3. 












262, 


289, 


323, 


403, 


448, 


500, 613. 


262, 


268, 


289, 


323, 


403, 


448, 500, 6 


289, 


448. 










289. 












289, 


319, 


323, 


403, 


448, 


613. 


323. 












289, 


403, 


448, 


500, 


613. 




448. 












44S. 












289, 


403, 


448, 


613, 


X. 




448, 


613. 










566. 












657. 












341. 












341. 












306. 












199. 












355, 


566. 










471, 


566. 










236, 


393, 


537, 


560, 


566, 


570, X. 


556. 












566. 












236, 


566. 










31, 


248. 










566, 


570. 










566. 












236, 


566, 


570. 








566, 


557. 










236, 


566, 


570. 








566. 












236, 


537, 


560, 


566, 


570. 




140, 


269, 


442, 


558 


566. 




321, 


495. 










495. 












300, 


397, 


416 


566 


626. 




567. 












566. 












557, 


558 


566. 








136. 












566. 












471. 












471. 












161, 


517. 










567. 












633. 












558. 












558. 












557. 












416. 












X. 












300 


397 


626. 








493. 












337 


423 


566. 








566. 












357. 












397 


585 










268 


397 











MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 151 

TABLE 26B.' -Synthetic organic chen,icals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United States production 
or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, i957--Continued 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Fatty acids, chemically modified: 

a -BromD(laurio -stearic) acids 

Castor oil fatty acids, dehydrated 

Stearic acid, dehydrated 

•Fatty acid esters not Included with plasticizers 
or surface -active agents: 

Butyl palmltate 

Ethyl stearate 

laopropyl myristate ^ 

Isopropyl oleate 

Isopropyl palmltate 

Isopropyl stearate 

Methyl caprate 

Methyl ester of coconut oil 

Methyl ester of tsaiow 

Iifethyl 12-hydroxystearate ' 

Methyl myristate 

Polyethoxyethyl castor oil ether 

Polyethoxyethyl castor oil ether, hydrogenated— 

1,2-Propylene glycol dloleate — . 

Vinyl stearate, monomer 

All other 

»Fatty and synthetic higher alcohols (Ci'o and 
higher) : 

Decanediol 

•Decyl alcohols 

3,9-Diethyl-6-tridecanol 

Dodecyl alcohol (Lauryl alcohol) 

7-Ethyl-2-methyl-'i-hendeoanol 

5-Ethyl-2-nonanol ' 

»l-Hexadecanol (Cetyl alcohol) 

1-Octadecanol (Stearyl alcohol) 

cis-9-Octadecen-l-ol (Oleyl alcohol) 

l-Tridecanol 

All other 

■xFlolatlon reagents: 
Dithiophosphates : 

Ammonium diisopropyl di-sec-butyl dithlophos- 
phate . 

Potassium dihexyl dithlophosphate 

Sodium di-sec-butyl diethyl dithiophosphate— 

Sodium di-sec-butyl dithiophosphate 

Sodium diethyl dithiophosphate 

Sodium dihexyl dithiophosphate 

Sodium diisopropyl dithiophosphate 

Fatty amine salts: 

Butylammonium oleate 

Coconut oil amine acetate 

Octadecyl amine acetate 

Tall oil diethylenetetramlne acetate 

Tallow amine acetate 

Tallow amine acetate, hydrogenated 

Isopropyl ethyl thionocarbamate 

Xanthates : 

Potassium amylxanthate 

Potassium sec-amylxanthate 

Potassium sec-butylxanthate 

Potassium ethylxanthate 

Potassium hejcylxanthate 

Potassium isopropylxanthate ' 

Sodium n-butylxanthate 

Sodium sec-butylxanthate 

Sodium ethylxanthate 

Sodium isopropylxanthate 

♦Formaldehyde, 37^ HCHO by weight 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



Formamlde 

»Formic acid, 905(1 — 
<*Formic acid salts: 
*Alumln>mi formate- 
Ammonium formate- 
Calcium formate — 
Chromic formate — 

Lead formate 

Nickel formate — 
Sodium formate: 

Crude 

Refined 

All other 



400. 
471. 



280, 377. 






309. 






280, 408. 






280. 






280, 408. 






280. 




' 


151. 






151, 406. 






482. 






489. 






151. 






380. 






380. 






593. 






360. 






151. 






563. 






400, 442, 


551, 


558, 565, 566 


566. 






400, 551, 


626. 




566. 






566. 






183, 400, 


551, 


561. 


400, 551, 


561. 




400, 561. 






442. 






375, 471, 


551, 


561, X. 



567. 


















567. 


















567. 


















567. 


















567. 


















567. 


















633. 


















534. 


















534, 


567. 
















567. 


















406, 


534. 
















406, 


534. 
















236. 


















236, 


567. 
















236. 


















236. 


















236, 


567. 
















236. 


















236. 


















65. 


















236, 


567. 
















236, 


567. 
















?36, 


567. 
















155, 


161, 


198, 


216, 


241, 


269, 


306, 400, 


416, 


471, 


479, 512, 517, 560 


, 564 


, 570 


, 532, 591 


, 615 


, 642 


400. 


















357, 


400, 


479, 


495. 












2-^5, 


357, 


566, 


571. 












578, 


653. 
















161. 


















507. 


















319. 


















403, 


658. 
















269 


479, 


642. 














642 


653. 
















52. 



















491001 O -58 - 11 



152 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 

TABLE 26B.' -Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United States production 
or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1957 --Continued 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHiMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Fmnarlc acid 

Gluconic acid, tech 

Glycerol, synthetic 

Glycerol a-ohlorohydrin (3-Chloro-l, 2-propaQediol) 

Glycerol tri(polyoxypropylene) ether 

Glycidol 

Glycine (Aminoacetic acid), tech 

Glycine ethyl ester hydrochloride 

Glycolio acid (Hydroxyacetic acid) 

Glycolonitrile 

Glyoxal 

Guanidine hydrochloride 

'i-Guanyl-l-isonitrosoguanyl-l-tetrazene 

Guanylurea sulfate 

»Halogenated hydrocarbons : 

1-Bromobutane (n-Butyl bromide) 

2-Bromobutane (sec-Butyl bromide) 

l-Bromo-2-chloroethane (Ethylene ohlorobromide)— 

Bromochloromethane 

l-Bromo-3-chloropropane (Trimethylenechloro- 
bromide) . 

Bromoethane (Ethyl bromide) 

1-Bromohexadecane (Cetyl bromide) 

l-Bromo-2-methylpropane (Isobutyl bromide) 

1-Bromo-ootadecane 

1-Bromopentane (n-Amyl bromide) 

2-Bromopentaiie ( 1-Methylbutyl bromide) 

l-Bromopropane (n-Propyl bromide) 

2-Bromopropane (Isopropyl bromide) 

3-Bromqpropene (Allyl bromide) 

3-Brcimopropyne 

Bromotrlchloromethane 

Bromotrifluoromethane 

»Carbon tetrachloride 

•Chlorinated paraffins: 

Less than 35<f, chlorine 

*35'f,-Mi, chlorine 

65% or more chlorine 

1-Chlorobutane (n-Butyl chloride) 

1-Chlorodeoaue 

1-Chloro-l, 1-difluoroe thane 

Chlorodifluorome thane 

»Chloroethane (Ethyl chloride) : 

Tech 

U.S.P 

•Chloroform: 

Tech 

U.S.P 

•Chloromethane (Methyl chloride) : 

Crude 

Refined, refrigerant grade 

l-Chloro-3-methylbutane (Isoamyl chloride) 

2-Chloro-2-methylpropane (tert-Butyl chloride) 

3-Chloro-2-methylpropene (Methallyl chloride) 

Chloro-octadecene 

Chloro-octane 

1-Chloropentane (n-Amyl chloride) 

Chloropentanes, mixed isomers 

2-Chloropropane (Isopropyl chloride) 

3-Chloropropene (Allyl chloride) 

Chlorotrifluoroethylene 

Chlorotrifluorome thane 

Dibromodifluorome thane 

1, 2-Dibromoethane (Ethylene dibromlde) 

Dibromomethane (Methylene bromide) 

1,2-Dibromo-l, 1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane 

1, 4-Dlchlorobutane 

Dlohlorodifluoromethane 

»1, 2-Diohloroethane (Ethylene dichlorlde) 

•Dichloromethane (Methylene chloride) : 

Crude 

Refined, refrigerant grade 

Dichloropentanes, mixed isomers 

1, 2-Dichloropropane (Propylene dichlorlde) 

2,3-Dichloropropene 

Dlohlorotetrafluoroe thane 

1, 1-Dif luoroethane 

1, 1-Dif luoroethylene 

Dlfluorotetrachloroe thane 

Diiodomethane (Methylene iodide) 



267, 


319. 






396, 


455. 






236, 


440, 


471, 


590. 


309, 


557. 






566. 








628. 








335. 








335. 








400. 








567. 








566. 








498, 


567. 






4S. 








567. 








236, 


916, 


583. 




236, 


4«1, 


516, 


583. 


236. 








236. 








236, 


497. 






236, 


497. 






236, 


583. 






236, 


583. 






400, 


507, 


583. 




236, 


583. 






256, 


481, 


516, 


583. 


236, 


562, 


583. 




236, 


583. 






236, 


583. 






507. 








236. 








236, 


400. 






229, 


236, 


324, 


374, 495, 513, 556, 


443, 


583, 


591, 


X. 


269, 


4^3, 


513. 




513. 








566. 








562. 








653. 
400, 


653. 






140, 


236, 


269, 


400, 493, 520, 590. 


236. 









229, 236, 249, 324, 374, 400, 513, 563. 
236, 249, 324, 374, 513, 563. 



449, 

31j 

481, 

562, 

609. 

562. 

440. 

583, 

633. 

236. 

590. 

400, 

400, 

236, 

236, 

236. 

400. 

400. 

400, 

198, 



563. 
236, 324, 400, 513. 
583. 
583. 



653. 
653. 
400. 
424, 473, 661. 



653. 

236, 393, 493, 513, 537, 566, 570. 



236, 374, 400, 563. 

229, 236, 324, 513. 

633. 

236, 566. 

628. 

400, 653. 

653. 

653. 

400. 

22. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

TABLE 26B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Kiacellaneous chemicals for which United States product i 
or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, ;?57- -Continued 



153 



KaSCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

»Halogenated hydrocarbons — Continued 

Hexaohloroethane — 

lodoethane (Ethyl iodide) 

Iodoform 

lodomethane (Methyl iodide) -- 

Lauryl chloride 

Pentaohloroe thane 

1, 1, 2, 2-Tetrabromoethane (Acetylene tetrabromide) 
1, 1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane (Acetylene tetra- 
chloride) . 

»Tetrachloroethylene (Perohloroethylene) 

1, 1, l-Triohloroethane (Methyl chloroform) 

1, 1, 2-Trichloroethane (Vinyl trichloride) 

»Trichloroethylene 

Trichlorofluorome thane 

1, 2,3-Trlchloropropane 

Trlchlorotrifluoroe thane 

Trifluoro vinyl chloride, polymerized 

»Vinyl chloride ( Chloroethylene) , monomer 

Vinyl fluoride 

Vinylidene chloride, monomer 

All other 

2-Heptanone (Methyl amyl ketone) 

3-Hept'anone (Ethyl butyl ketone) 

n-Hexadecane 

1-Hexadeoene 

Hexadecenylsuccinic anhydride 

Hexamethylenediammonium adipate 

Hexyl acetate mixture 

Hexyl alcohol 

Hexyl alcohol mixture 

n-Hexyl ether 

Hydrazine and salts 

Hydrogenated tallow amide 

N-2-Hydroxyethylaoetamide 

N.[2-(2-Hydroxyethylamino) ethyl] stearamide 

a-Hydroxylsobutyrio acid esters, mixed 

a-Hydroxyisobutyronitrile (Acetone cyanhydrln) 

l-Hydroxy-3-methyl-2-butanone 

2-(Hydroxymethyl) -2-methyl-l, 3-propaxiedlol (Trl- 

methylolethane) . 
2-(Hydroxymethyl) -2-nitro-l, 3-propanedlol 

(Tris(hydTOxymethyl)nitromethane) . 
N-Hydroxymethylstearamide (N-Methylolstearamide) -— 

e,g'-Iminodipropionitrile 

isethionic acid (2-Hydroxyethanesulfonic acid) 

Isoasoorbic acid and sodium salt 

Isobutyraldehyde 

Isobutyrio acid 

Isobutyrlc anhydride 

»Iso-ootyl alcohols '■ 

Isopropanolamines : 

Monoisopropanolamine 

Diisopropanolamine 

TriiBopropanolamine 

Mixed 

Isopropoxypropylamine 

Isopropyl acetate 

»Isopropyl alcohol ( Isopropanol) : 

91«t 

100«t 

Isopropylaminoethanol 

Isopropyl chloroformate 

*Isopropyl ether 

Isovaleric acid 

Itaoonic acid, esters, and salts 

»Lactic acid, 100^: 

«Edible- 

*Medicinal 

^Technical 

»Lactic acid salts: 

Calcium lactate 

Sodiiun lactate 

Sodium zirconium lactate 

Strontium lactate 

Zirconium lactate 

All other 

Laetide 

Laurie acid salts: 

Barium cadmium laurate 

Cadmium laurate 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



495, 583. 






22. 






583. 






417, 440, 460, 


507, 


551. 


400. 






236, 577. 






400, 556. 






229, 236, 384, 


400, 


513, 556. 


236. 






566. 






236, 384, 400, 


443, 


556. 


400, 653. 






590. 






400, 653. 






443, 653. 






198, 236, 324, 


440, 


550, 566, 598 


400. 






236. 






551, 583. 






566. 






566. 






551. 






551. 






551. 






400, 444. 






517. 






626. 






517. 






566. 






125, 440, 512, 


570, 


642. 


534. 






417, 566. 






X. 






471. 






471, 567, X. 






481. 






161. 






416. 






400. 






567. 






507. 






396. 






558. 






557. 






557. 






155, 442, 565. 






236, 566. 






236, 566. 






236, 566. 






236, 566. 






567. 






557, 566. 






108, 566. 






442, 512, 590 






633. 






341, 556. 






442, 566, 590 






300. 






396. 






270, 382, 400 






400. 






270, 382, 400 






46, 270. 






245, 642. 






319. 






495. 






319. 






52. 






382. 






268, 






268. 







154 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, I957 



TABLE 26B. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscelianeous chemicals for which United States production 
or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, I957--Continued 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

Lauroyl bromide 

■»Lauroyl chloride 

Lauroyloxyacetlo acid 

Lauroyl peroxide 

Lead soaps of oxidized hydrocarbons 

Levulinlo acid 

*Linoleic acid salts : 

Animoniuni linoleate 

»Calcium linoleate 

»Cobalt linoleate 

Copper linoleate 

Iron linoleate 

»Lead linoleate 

Lead manganese linoleate 

^Manganese linoleate 

■x-Lubrioating oil additives : 

Chloronaphtha xanthate 

»Dithlophosphates : 

Barium alkyl dlthiophosphates 

Nickel zinc aliyl dithlophosphate 

Zinc aUtyl dlthiophosphates 

High-molecular-welght l^drocarbons and their 

phosphorus derivatives. 
Lauryl and diethylaminoethyl polymethacrylates-- 

Oxidized hydrocarbons 

Sulfochlorinated lard oil 

Sulfochlorinated sperm oil 

Sulfurlzed lard oil 

»Sulfurized sperm oil 

Sulfurlzed terpenes 

All other 

Magnesium methylate 

Maleic acid 

Maleic acid, trlbasic lead salt 

Maleic anhydride 

Maleic liquid 

Malic acid : 

Malonlc acid 

Mannitol 

Mannitol hexanitrate 

Mesityl oxide 

Methacrylamide 

Methaorylate monomers, above methyl 

Methacrylic acid 

Methaoryllc acid, sodium salt 

Methacrylyl chloride 

■^Methanol, synthetic 

Methoxyboroxine 

3-Methoxybutanol 

Methoxypolyethylene glycol 

3-Methoxypropylamine 

Methoxytriglycol acetate 

»Methyl acetate 

Methyl acetoaoetate 

Methyl acrylate, monomer 

Methylal (Dlmethoxymethane) 

i<Methyl borate 

Methyl- l-buten-3-yne (Isopropenylaoetylene) 

2-Methyl-3-butynol-2 — 

2-Methylbutyrio acid 

Methyl ohloroformate 

Methyl cyanoaoetate 

Methyl 2-cyanoaorylate 

N,N'-Methyleneblsaerylamlde 

N, N' -Methyleneblsalanine 

N,N'-Methylenebis-stearamide 

Methyl ether (Dimethyl ether) 

Methyl ethyl ketone (2-Butanone) 

Methyl etl^rl ketone mixture 

Methyl ethyl ketone peroxide 

Metlyrl etlQTl ketoxlme 

Methyl formate 

N-Methylglucamine 

Methyl glycolate (Methyl hydroxyaoetate) 

1-Methylisobutylcarblnol (4-Methyl-2-pentanol) 

1-Methylisobutylcarbinyl acetate (4-Methyl-2-amyl 
acetate) . 

Methyl magnesium bromide 

Metl^rl methacrylate, monomer 



Manufacturers ' Identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



622. 

69, 443, 507, 626. 

615. 

69, 501. 
107. 
540. 

172. 

172, 289, 323, 429, 443, 658. 

172, 289, 403, 460, 658. 

403, 613. 

403. 

172, 289, 403, 460, 500, 658. 

289, 460, 658. 

172, 289, 403, 500, 613. 

198. 

567, 615, 646. 

615. 

434, 567, 615, 646. 

565. 

400. 

107. 

155, 268, 615. 

268. 

232, 268. 

268, 615, 646, X. 

646. 

266, 414, 434, 443, 590, 646. 
522. 

267, 611. 
319. 

198, 267, 308, 564. 

308. 

267. 

240. 

380. 

380. 

566, 590. 

471. 

400, 471. 

471, X. 

471. 

334. 

108, 155, 198, 216, 269, 400, 416, 495, 512, 

517, 560, 566, 570. 
473. 
517. 
566. 
567. 
566. 

145, 566, 582, X. 
566. 
471. 
517. 

423, 473, 512. 
360. 
360. 
557. 
657. 
306. 
557. 
567. 
313. 
534. 
X. 

108, 557, 590, X. 
517. 

69, 501. 
267, 448. 
400. 
400. 
X. 

566, 590. 
566. 

248. 

6, 400, 471. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



155 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' Identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MISCEIiANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACTCLIC-Continued 

2-Methyl-2-nitro-l,3-propanediol 

2-Methyl-2-nitro-l-propanol 

2-Methyl-2,4-pentanediol (Hexylene glycol)--- 

4-Methyl-2-pentanone (Methyl isobutyl Icetone) 

2-Methylpentenol 

3-Methyl-l-pentynol-3 1""" 

Methylpolyethanolamine 

2-Methyl-2-n-propyl-l,3-propanediol 

Methyl sulfate (Dimethyl sulfate) 

N-Methyltaurine "'''Z'^'^ 

2-Methyl valeraldehyde ( 2-Methylpentaldehyde ) 

Methyl vinyl ether ------ 

Mucochlorio acid " 

Maconio acid (2,4-Hexadienediolc acid) 

2-Nitro-l-butanol 

Nitroethane 

Nitromethane 

1-Nitropropane 

2-Nitropropane 

Nonenylsuccinlc anhydride 

Nonyl alcohol 

Nylon (Polyhexamethylene adipamide) 

n-Ootadecane 

Octadeoene-1 

Ootadecyl isooyanate "" 

n-Octane 

Octanesulfonyl fluoride -- 

«1-Ootanol 

»2-0ctanol 

»2-0ctanone (Hexyl methyl ketone) 

Ootene-1 

Octene-1 (and -2) 

Octene-2 

Ootenylsuocinic anhydride 

n-Ootyl mercaptan 

Ootyl oleyl maleate 

Oleamide (Octadeoene amide) 

»01eic acid salts : 

^Aluminum oleate 

Barium zinc oleate : 

Chromium oleate 

»Copper oleate 

Lead oleate 

Mercuric oleate 

Oleoyl chloride ; 

*Oxalic acid 

*Oxalio acid salts: 

Annnonlum oxalate ■ 

Calcium oxalate 

Ferric ammonium oxalate 

Ferric oxalate 

Ferric potassium oxalate 

Ferric sodium oxalate 

Ferrous oxalate 

Potassium binoxalate 

Potassium oxalate 

Sodium binoxalate 

Sodium oxalate 

All other-i 

Oxalyl chloride 7""" 

Oxidized hydrocarbons, other than lubricating oil 
additives . 

3-Qxoglutaric acid, dimethyl ester 

Palmitic acid salts : 

Aluminum palmitate 

Barium palmitate 

»Zino palmitate 

All other 

Palmitoyl chloride 

Paraformaldehyde 

Paraldehyde (Paracetaldehyde) - — 

Pelargonlc acid (Nonanoic acid) 

»Pentaerythritol 

*Pentaerythritol tetranltrate 

Perchloromethyl mercaptan 

^Phosgene (Carbonyl chloride) 

^Phosphorus acid esters, not included under specific 
use groups: 

Ammonium 2-ethylhexyl iso-octyl phosphate 

BlE(2-ohloroethyl) vinyl phosphonate 



-iie. 

416. 

566, 590. 

566, 590. 

516. 

360. 

507. 

516. 

400. 

507. 

309, 516, 566 

507. 

562. 

566. 

416. 

416. 

416. 

416. 

416. 

551. 

558. 

4.00, 444. 

551. 

551. 

432. 

551. 

443, 633. 

400. 

183, 

183, 

551. 

183. 

551, 

551. 

551, 

198. 

534. 

172, 289, 323, 495. 

403. 

403. 

172, 289, 323. 

172, 289, 323, 403. 

495. 

183, 245, 343, 507. 

357, 396, 443, 495, 653. 

334, 396, 653. 

357. 

396. 

396. 

396. 

396. 

125. 

52, 334, 653. 

334, 396, 653. 

357. 

334, 357, 495, 642, 653. 

52. 

562. 

107. 



471. 

471, 557, 611, 626. 



611. 
633. 



396. 

323, 
377. 
323, 
380. 
507, 
400, 
517, 
621. 
147, 
161, 
221. 
556, 



377, 429. 

377, 429, 567. 

626. 

479, 517. 
566. 

155, 161, 269, 416, 479,' 512, 564. 
269, 330, 400. 

657, 659. 



400. 
198. 



156 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



TABLE 26B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for vitich United States production 
or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, i957--Continued 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC—Continued 

»Phosphorus acid esters, not included under specific 
use groups — Continued 

Bis(2-ethylliexyl) hydrogen phosphate 

Chloropropyl thiophosphate 

Isoamyl octyl acid phosphate 

Lauryl phosphates 

Octyl phosphates 

Trimethyl phosphite 

. Tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphite 

Tris(2-ethylhexyl) phosphite 

Tristearyl phosphate 

All other — 

Pine oil, synthetic 

Polyaorylamide 

»Polyacrylic acid salts: 

Anmonium polyacrylate 

Potassium polyacrylate 

Sodium polyacrylate 

Polyacrylonitrile 

Polyallyl glycidyl ether 

Polyethoxyethylsorbitol 

»Polyethylene glycol 

Polyethylene polysulfide 

Polyglycerol 

Polymethoxyacetal 

Polyoxyalkylene derivatives 

Polypropylene glycol 

I-Propane thiol 

Propionaldehyde 

*Propionlc acid 

Propionic acid salts: 

*Calcium propionate 

*Sodium propionate 

Zinc propionate 

Propionic anhydride 

Propionyl chloride 

n-Propyl acetate 

n-Propyl alcohol (Propanol) 

a-Propylene chlorohydrin (l-Chloro-2-propaiiol) 

^Propylene glycol (l, 2-Propanediol) 

Propylene glycol esters, mixed 

Propylene glycol methyl ether 

Propylene oxide 

Propyl isocaproate (Propyl isobutylacetate) 

n-Propyl nitrate 

Propyne (Methylacetylene) 

2-Propyne-l-ol 

Pyrophosphatidic acid 

Research chemicals : 

Aliyl borates 

Allsyl hydrocarbons 

Hare sugars 

All other 

Hicinoleic acid salts; 

Calcium rioinoleate 

Lithium ricinoleate 

Sarcosine (N-Methylaminoaoetic acid) 

Sebacio acid 

Semicarbazide base and hydrochloride 

»Sequestering agents ; 

(Diethylenetrinitrilo)pentaacetio acid 

(Diethylenetrinltrilo)pentaaoetic acid, sodium 
salt. 

N,N-Di(hydroxyethyl) glycine, sodium salt 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraaoetio acid (Ethylene- 

diaminetetraacetio acid) . 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetio acid, calcium salt 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, copper salt 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, disodium 

salt. 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraaoetie acid, disodium 

lead salt. 
(Ethyleiie(llnltrllo)tetraaoetic acid, magnesium 

salt. 
(Etliylene<ltnltrllo)tetraaoetic acid, manganese 
salt. 
■»(Ethylenedinltrilo)tetraacetlc acid, monosodlum 

Iron salt. 
»(Etliylenedinitrilo)tetr«aoetlc acid, tetrasodium 
salt. 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



266. 

■193. 

266. 

357, 

357, 

266. 

266. 

266. 

b2A. 

155, 

10. 

567. 



400. 
400. 



266, 357, 517, 567. 



377. 

377, 

271, 352, 401, 471, 550, 582, 652. 

400. 

590. 

380. 

236, 

550. 

187, 

507. 

236. 

236, 393, 566. 

562. 

108, 

108, 



550. 



380, 537, 566, 570. 
417, 598. 



566. 

400, 416, 517, 557, 566. 



508, 517, 557, 566. 
508, 517, 557, 566. 



512, 517, 566, X. 
517, 566, X. 

517, 566. 



400, 
400, 
334. 
557, 
626. 
517. 
108, 
309. 
236, 
236. 
236. 
236, 
416. 
493. 
360. 
507. 
357. 

523. 
551. 
302. 

52, 125, 24S, 302, 306, 431, 452, 537, 551, 
562, 583, 590, 628, 664. 

429, 489. 

323. 

313, 400, 460, 507, 567. 

183, 471. 

125. 

236, 371. 
371. 

236. 

124, 236, 371, 507. 

371. 
371. 
124, 236, 334, 371. 

236. 

371. 

371. 

124, 236, 371, 507. 

124, 236, 371, 377, 507. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

TABLE 26B. --Synf/jetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United States produ 
or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1957- -Continued 



157 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

"Sequestering agents — Continued 

(Ethylenedlnitrllo)tetraaoetic acid, trisodium 

salt. 
(Ethylenedlnitrllo)tetraaoetic acid, zlno salt--- 

Gluooheptonlo acid, sodium salt 

Hexahydroxyheptanolo acid, sodium salt 

N-(Hydroxyethyl)ethylenedinitrllotriaoetlc acid, 
trisodium salt. 

Silicones 

Sodium ethyl oxalaoetate 

Sodium formaldehyde bisulfite 

"Sodium formaldehydesulfoxylate 

»Sodium methoxlde (Sodium methylate) 

Sodium sorbitol borate 

Sorbitol 

Soya nitrlle 

Soybean oil, acyl chloride salt of sodium lysalbl- 
nate. 

Stearamide (Ootadeoane amide) 

"Stearic acid salts : 
"Aluminum stearates : 

Aluminum monostearate 

"Aluminum distearate 

Aluminum trlstearate 

Ammonium stearate 

Barium stearate 

Cadmium stearate 

"Calcium stearate 

Cobalt stearate 

Ferric stearate 

Ferrous stearate 

"Lead stearate 

Lead stearate, dibasic 

Lithiiim hydroxystearate 

"Lithium stearate 

"Magnesium stearate 

"Zinc stearate 

All other 

Stearoyl chloride 

Suberic acid 

Succinic acid 

Succinic acid, sodium salt^ 

Succinic anhydride 

Succlnlmide 

Succinonitrile 

Succinyl peroxide 

Sucrose octaacetate 

Tallow fatty acyl chloride 

Tartaric acid 

Tartaric acid salts, nonmedlcinal 

n-Tetradecane 

Tetraethylene glycol 

Tetraethylene glycol dimethyl ether (Bis [2-(2- 
methoxyethoxy ) ethyl] ether) . 

Tetraethyl lead 

Tetrahydroxysuoclnic acid (Dioxytartario acid) 

Tetrakls(2-hydroxypropyl)ethylenedi amine 

Tetraoctyl orthoslllcate 

Thioacetamlde 

Thioacetic acid (Sulfoacetic acid) 

Thloglycerol 

Thioglyoolic acid (Mercaptoacetic acid) 

"Thloglycolic acid derivatives : 

2-Amlnoethyl thioglycolate (Monoethanolamine 
thloglycolate) . 

"Ammonium thioglycolate 

Calcium thioglycolate 

Iso-octyl thioglycolate- 

Potassium thioglycolate 

Sodium thioglycolate 

Thlomallo acid 

Triallyl cyanurate 

Trlbutyl borate 

Tributylphosphine 

Trichloroacetyl chloride 

Trlohloroethylsilane (Ethyl silicon trichloride) 

Trichlorohexadecylsilane 

Trlchloromethanephosphonlc acid 

Trichloromethylsllane 

Trichloro-ootadecylsllane 

TrlohlorovlivlBilane 



Manufacturers' identification numbers 
(according to list in table 27) 



236, 371. 



371. 






302. 






372. 






236, 


371. 




222, 


332. 




341. 






306, 


562, 


653. 


328, 


400, 


471, 571 


403, 


482, 


570, X. 


380. 






380, 


X. 




534. 






63. 







39, 245, 305, 377, 429, 495. 

39, 245, 305, 323, 377, 429, 495, 536, 567, 613. 

39, 245, 305, 323, 377, 429, 495, 567, 613. 

25, 323, 377, 429, 596. 

39, 305, 323, 377. 

305, 323, 377. 

39, 245, 268, 305, 323, 377, 429, 495, 536, 567, 613. 

245, 323. 

323. 

323. 

245, 319, 323, 377, 403, 429, 525. 

319, 323, 377. 

323. 

39, 323, 377, 429. 

39, 245, 305, 323, 377, 429, 495, 536, 567, 613. 

39, 245,268,305,323,377,403,429,495, 536, 567, 613. 

380. 

417, 507, 626. 

583. 

248, 267. 

495. 

198, 267. 

248, 267. 

567. 

501. 

566. 

507. 

229. 

52, 451, 495, 642, X. 

551. 

236, X. 

31. 



400, 


493. 




567. 






393. 






198. 






248, 


334, 


562. 


562. 






253. 






253, 


287. 




253, 


287, 


295. 


253, 


287, 


295, 353, 514, 


253. 






253, 


287. 




253. 






253. 






253, 


267. 




567. 






523. 






341. 






562. 






222. 






222. 






357. 






222. 






222. 






222. 







158 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



TABLE 26B. --Synthetic orgaric chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which United States product i 
or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , i957- -Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification numliers 
(according to list in table 27) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC- -Continued 

Triethoxymethoxypropane 

Triethyl acetylcitrate -• 

»Triethylene glycol 

Trlethylene glycol dichloride (2-(2-Chloroethoxy)- 
ethyl 2-chloroethyl ether) . 

Trlethylene glycol dimethyl ether 

Triethylene glycol monobutyl ether 

Trlethylene glycol monoethyl ether 

Triethylene glycol monomethyl ether 

Tri-2-ethylhexyl acetylcitrate 

Triethyl orthoaoetate 

Triethyl orthoformate 

Tri(hexylene glycol) biborate 

Trimethoxyboroxine 

Trimethyl orthoformate 

2,2,'i-Trimethyl-l,3-pentanediol 

Tri-n-propyl borate 

Tripropylene glycol 

Tripropylene glycol, methyl ether 

Undeoylenio acid (Hendecenoic acid) 

■»Urea in compounds or mixtures : 

*In feed compounds 

»In liquid fertilizer 

»In solid fertilizer 

*A11 other 

Valeraldehyde 

»Vinyl acetate, monomer 

Xanthic acid, ethyl, sodium salt 

*Zinc formaldehydesulfoxylate 



306. 










396. 










236, 


537, 


560, 


566, 


570. 


566. 










31. 










570. 










570. 










570. 










396. 










306, 


562. 








306. 










523. 










423. 










306. 










558. 










523. 










236. 










236. 










489. 










168, 


237, 


400, 


466, 


560. 


168, 


237, 


400, 


466, 


560. 


168, 


237, 


400, 


466, 


560, 590 


168, 


400, 


466, 


560. 




558. 










360, 


400, 


517, 


566. 




400. 










328, 


400, 


471, 


571. 





DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 159 

Directory of Manufacturers 

The Directory of Manufacturers lists the companies that report 
their production of synthetic organic chemicals to the United States 
Tariff Commission. The nanne of each manufacturer is preceded 
by an identification number. 

For 1957, the Directory of Manufacturers lists 664 companies 
(see table Z7), 44 more than in 1956. Some of the companies that 
report production of synthetic organic chemicals consume their 
entire output in further manufacturing. 

The Directory of Manufacturers lists the companies in two ways. 
Section 1 lists them in numerical order, the identification number 
for each company having been assigned in the order in which the 
Commission received the company's reporting schedule. This 
system makes it unnecessary to wait until all the schedules are 
returned before assigning the identification numbers, and greatly 
speeds the preparation of the tables in part III. Section 2 lists the 
companies in alphabetical order. 



I60 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



TABLE 27. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers. 1957 

SECTION 1. NTJMERICAL DIRECTORY 

[Names of synthetic organic chemical manufacturers who reported production or sales to the United States 
Tariff Commission for 1957 are listed below in the order of their identification numbers as used in tables 
in part III. Section 2 of this table lists these manufacturers alphabetically and gives their office and 
plant addresses] 



Name of canpany 



Name of company 



Southern Textile Chemical Corp. 

Inland Steel Container Co. 

American Rock Wool Corp. 

Poly Resins, Inc. 

Standard Agricultural Chemicals, Inc. 

U. S. Plastic Products Corp. 

Guyan Color & Chemical Works. 

Loven Chemical Co. of California. 

Capital Plastics, Inc. 

Crosby Chemicals, Inc. 

Bennett ' s . 

Polyohemical laboratories. Inc. 

Cabot, Samuel, Inc. 

Commonwealth Color & Chemical Co. 

I&ioedler Chemical Co. 

Moretex Chemical Products. 

Cleary, W. A., Corp. 

Lobica-Debruiile, Inc. 

Marlowe-Van Loan Corp. 

Sipe, James B., & Co. 

Kyanize Paints, Inc. 

National Biochemical Co. 

Red Spot Paint & Varnish Co., Inc. 

Scholler Bros., Inc. 

Farrington, W. U. , Estate of. 

Hanna Paint Manufacturing Co., Industrial Div. 

Peerless Chemical Co. 

Poughkeepsie Dyestuff Corp. 

Puget Sound Pulp & Timber Co. 

Soluol Chemical Co., Inc. 

Ansul Chemical Co. 

J^ex Chemical Co., Inc. 

Armstrong Cork Co. 

Chemico, Inc. 

Florida Molasses Corp. 

Ironsides Resins, Inc. 

King, 0. L., & Co. 

Mineral Oil Refining Co. 

Parsons, M. W. , Plymouth, Inc. 

Sonnebom, L., Sons, Inc. 

Tex Chemical Co. 

Van I3yk & Co., Inc. 

Watertown Manufacturing Co. 

American Viscose Corp. 

Stansbury Chemical Co., Inc. 

Sheffield Chemical Co., Div. of Sheffield 

Farms Co., Inc. 
American Chemical Paint Co. 
Remington Arms Co., Inc. 
Swift & Co. 

Werner Drug & Chemical Co. 
Witte, John H., & Sons. 
City Chemical Corp. 
Chemlek Laboratories, Inc. 
Minnesota Paints, Inc. 
Nease Chemical Co., Inc. 
Rinshed-Mason Co. 
Sandoz, Inc. 
Treplow Products, Inc. 
Amalgamated Chemical Corp. 
Astra Pharmaceutical Products, Inc. 
George, P. D., Co. 
Kali Manufacturing Co. 
Kalide Corp. 
Kehew-Bradley Co. 

Kennecott Copper Corp. (Chlno Mines Div.). 
Triangle Chemical Co. 
Wilmot & Cassidy, Inc. 
Baker, J. T., Chemical Co. (Taylor Chemical 

Div.). 
Cadet Chemical Corp. 
Cook Paint & Varnish Co. 
Crownoil Chemical Co., Inc. 
Davis, H. B., Co. 
General Color Co., Inc. 
Hartman-Leddon Co. 



100 
101 
102 
103 
104 
105 
106 
107 
108 
109 
110 
111 
112 

113 
lU 
115 
116 
117 
118 
119 
120 
121 
122 
123 
124 
125 
126 
127 
128 
129 
130 
131 
132 
133 
134 
135 
136 
137 
138 
139 
140 
141 
142 
143 
144 
145 

146 
147 



Olin Mathieson Chemical Corp. (Blockson 

Chemical Co. Div. ). 
Reliance Varnish Co., Inc. 
Richardson Co. 
Simpson Redwood Co. 
Thompson-Hayward Chemical Co. 
California-Spray Chemical Corp. 
Crown Zellerbaoh Corp. 
Sohieffelin & Co. 
Burkhart-Schier Chemical Co. 
Concord Chemical Co., Inc. 
Northwestern Chemical Co. 
Siddall, Geo. F., Co., Inc. 
Spaulding Fibre Co., Inc. 
General Foods Corp., Maxwell House Div. 
Hoechst Chemical Corp. 
International Minerals & Chemical Corp. 
Keystone Paint & Varnish Corp. 
Krumbhaar Chemicals, Inc. 
Pennsylvania Industrial Chemical Corp. 
Vita-Var Corp. 

Wetherill, George D., Varnish Co. 
Wilson Laboratories Div. of Wilson & Co., Inc. 
Ad- Co Color Corp. 

Armour & Co. (Armour Laboratories Div. ). 
Great Western Sugar Co. 
Huggins, James, & Son, Inc. 
Kendall Refining Co. 
Keystone Color Works, Inc. 
Lake States Yeast Corp. 
Magnolia Petroleum Co. 
Rubber Corp. of America. 
Tennessee Corp. 
Alox Corp. 

Amoco Chemicals Corp. 
Brown, Andrew, Co. 
Carpenter-Morton Co. 
Copolymer Rubber & Chemical Corp. 
Firestone Tire & Rubber Co. (Synthetic 

Rubber & Latex Div. ). 
Grace, W. R. , & Co. (Polymer Chemicals Div.). 
Harsyd Chemicals, Inc. 
Pratt & Lambert, Inc. 
Solar Chemical Corp. 
Standard Chemical Co. 
Standard Ultramarine & Color Co. 
Stange, Wm. J., Co. 
United States Pipe & Foundry Co. 
Vanderbilt Chemical Corp. 
Wilson Organic Chemicals, Inc. 
Bates Chemical Co. 
Glyoo Products Co., Inc. 
Fairmount Chemical Co., Inc. 
France, Campbell & Darling, Inc. 
Kohnstaram, H., & Co., Inc. 
Nelson-Wells & Co. 
Nonweiler, A. P., Co. 
Old Hickory Chemical Co., Inc. 
Vitamins, Inc. 
Berk, F. W., & Co., Inc. 
Berkeley Chemical Corp. 
Booty Resineers, Inc. 
Concord Dyeing & Finishing Co., Inc. 
Deecy Products Co. 
Gil man Paint & Varnish Co. 
Merrell, Wm. J., Co. 
Meyer, J., t Sons, Inc. 
National Petro-Chemicals Corp. 
Ottol Oil Co. 
Pltt-Consol Chemical Co. 
Robot Devices, Inc. 
Acme Resin Corp. 
Col ton Chemical Co., Div. of Air Reduction 

Co., Inc. 
Crown Chemical Corp. 
Delaware Chemicals, Inc. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 



161 



TABLE 21. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, J9J7--Continued 



No. 


Name of company 


No. 


Name of company 


148 


Dye Specialties Corp., Inc. 


228 


Seidlitz Paint & Varnish Co. 


149 


American Aniline & Extract Co., Inc. 


229 


Stauffer Chemical Co. 


150 


Clover Chemical Co. 


230 


Sterling Drug, Inc. (National Brands Div.). 


151 


Foremost Food & Chemical Co., El Dorado Div. 


231 


Wheeler, Reynolds & Stauffer. 


152 


Gordon Chemical Co., Inc. 


232 


White & Bagley Co. 


153 


Grain Processing Corp. 


233 


Bruder, M. A., & Sons, Inc. 


154 


Great Southern Chemical Corp. 


234 


Collway Colors, Inc. 


155 


Gulf Oil Corp. 


235 


National Polychemicals, Inc. 


156 


Harris Standard Paint Co., Inc. 


236 


Dow Chemical Co. 


157 


Lever, C, Co., Inc. 


237 


Deere & Co., Grand River Chemical Div. 


158 


Long, Charles R. , Jr., Co. 


238 


Jones -Dabney Co. 


159 


Maryland Plastics, Inc. 


239 


Warren Paint & Color Corp. 


160 


Searle, G. D., & Co. 


240 


American Bio-Synthetics Corp. 


161 


Trojan Powder Co. 


241 


Hooker Electrochemical Co. (Durez Plastics 


162 


Chemical Insecticide Corp. 




Div.). 


163 


Chemo-Puro Manufacturing Corp. 


242 


Gillock Chemical Co. 


164 


Continental-Diamond Fibre Corp. 


243 


Metro-Atlantic, Inc. 


165 


Crown Tar & Chemical Works, Inc. 


244- 


Plastics Engineering Co. 


166 


Drug Processors, Inc. 


245 


Sun Chemical Corp. (Warwick Chemical Co. 


167 


Texas Butadiene & Chemical Corp. 




Div. ). 


168 


Grace, W. R., & Co. (Grace Chemical Co. Div.). 


246 


Planetary Chemical Co., Inc. 


169 


Lawter Chemicals, Inc. 


247 


Eastern States Petroleur. & Chemical Corp. 


170 


Oebom, C. J., Co. 


248 


Arapahoe Chemicals, Inc., & Arapahoe Special 


171 


Salvo Chemical Corp. 




Products, Inc. 


172 


Shepherd Chemical Co. 


249 


Brown Co. 


173 


Texas-U. S. Chemical Co. 


250 


Ifert Products Corp. 


174 


Universal Western Chemical Corp. 


251 


Interchemioal Corp. (Textile Colors Div.). 


175 


Westville Laboratories. 


252 


Borg-Wamer Corp., Marbon Chemical Div. 


176 


Edison, Thomas A., Industries, McGraw-Edison 


253 


Evans Chemetics, Inc. 




Co. 


254 


McWhorter Chemicals, Inc. 


177 


Buckman Laboratories, Inc. 


255 


Organic Chemical Corp. 


178 


Kenneoott Copper Corp. (Utah Copper Div.). 


256 


Parke, Davis & Co. 


179 


Atlas Refinery, Inc. 


257 


Presto Plastics Products Co., Inc. 


180 


Eddystone Manufacturing Co. 


258 


Ruberoid Co. 


181 


Fiberboard Paper Products Corp., Pabco Paint 


259 


Schenectady Varnish Co., Inc. 




Div. 


260 


Westinghouse Electric Corp. 


182 


LaMotte Chemical Products Co. 


261 


Chase Chemical Corp. 


183 


Wallace & Tieman, Inc. (Harchem Div. ). 


262 


Ferro Chemical Corp. 


184 


American Marietta Co. (Ferbert-Sohomdorfer 


263 


Freeman Chemical Corp. 




Co. Div. ). 


264 


General Petroleum Corp. 


185 


j^pleton Coated Paper Co. 


265 


Kentucky Color & Chemical Co., Inc. 


186 


Buckeye Cellulose Corp. 


266 


Virginia-Carolina Chemical Corp. 


187 


Colgate-Palmolive Co. 


267 


Allied Chemical & Dye Corp. (National 


188 


Harbor Plywood Coip. 




Aniline Div.). 


189 


Jamestown Paint & Varnish Co. 


268 


Carlisle Chemical Works, Inc. 


190 


Laurel Soap Manufacturing Co., Inc. 


269 


Hercules Powder Co. 


191 


Pantasote Co., ileonora Chemical Div. 


270 


American Maize Products Co. 


192 


Thompson Chemicals Corp. 


271 


Jordan, Jr., W. H. , & F., Manufacturing Co. 


193 


Uhlich, Paul, & Co., Inc. 


272 


Peck's Products Co. 


194 


Cosden Petroleum Corp. 


273 


Standard Dyestuff Corp. 


195 


Grace, W. R., & Co. (Dewey & Almy Chemical Co. 


274 


American Marietta Co. 




Div.). 


275 


California Ink Co., Inc. 


196 


Douglas Chemical Corp. 


276 


Famow, Inc . 


197 


Food Machinery & Chemical Corp. (Niagara 


277 


Florasynth Laboratories, Inc. 




Chemical Div. ) . 


278 


Gane's Chemical Works, Inc. 


198 


Monsanto Chemical Co. 


279 


Hampden Color & Chemical Co. 


199 


Ohio Chemical & Surgical Equipment Co. 


280 


Kessler Chemical Co., Inc. 


200 


Steelcote Manufacturing Co. 


281 


Lueders, George, & Co. 


201 


Bird & Son, Inc., Floor Covering Div. 


282 


Merichem Co., Div. of Jefferson Lake Sulphur 


202 


Burroughs -Wellcome & Co. (U.S.A.), Inc. 




Co. 


203 


New York & Pennsylvania Co., Inc. 


283 


Miranol Chemical Co., Inc. 


204 


Ninol Laboratories, Inc. 


284 


Morwear Paint Co. 


205 


American Oil Co. (Texas). 


285 


Neville Chemical Co. 


206 


Arco Co. 


286 


Pan American Petroleum Corp. 


207 


Berkshire Color & Chemical Co. 


287 


Rayette, Inc., Chemical Div. 


208 


Endo Laboratories, Inc. 


288 


Southern Dyestuff Corp. 


209 


Insular Chemical Corp. 


289 


Stresen-Reuter, Fred'kA. , Inc. 


210 


International Paper Co. 


290 


Taylor Fibre Co. 


211 


Jewel Paint & Varnish Co. 


291 


Tousey Varnish Co. 


212 


Ifetalsalts Corp. 


292 


United Cork Go's. 


213 


Perry & Derrick Co., Inc. 


293 


Great American Plastics Co. 


214 


Petro-Tex Chemical Corp. 


294 


Crown Central Petroleum Corp. 


215 


Scherer, R. P., Corp. 


295 


Halby Products Co., Inc. 


216 


Spencer Chemical Co. 


296 


Cockerille Chemicals, Inc. 


217 


United Rubber & Chemical Co. 


297 


Gordon Chemicals, Inc. 


218 


Wamer-Jenkinson Manufacturing Co. 


298 


StEmdard-Toch-Chemicals, Inc. 


219 


Atlas Processing Co. 


299 


Stein, Hall & Co., Inc. 


220 


Cabot, Godfrey L., Inc. 


300 


Fritzs che Brothers, Inc. 


221 


Calhio Chemicals, Inc. 


301 


Paisley Products, Inc. 


222 


Dow Coming Corp. 


302 


Pfanstiehl Laboratories, Inc. 


223 


Farley Sc Loetscher Manufacturing Co. 


303 


Shawinigan Resins Corp. 


224 


Marx, Max, Color & Chemical Co. 


304 


Smith, Kline & French Laboratories. 


225 


National Casein Co. 


305 


Synthetic Products Co. 


226 


Petroleum Chemicals, Ine, 


306 


Kay-Fries Chemicals, Inc. 


227 


Pilot California Co. 


307 


Merkin, M. J., Paint Co., Inc. 



162 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



TABLE 27. --Synthetic orga 



chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , i957- -Continued 



Name of company 



Name of company 



Pittsburgh Coke & Chemical Co. 

Fries Bros., Inc. 

Old Fort Finishing Plant. 

Paul-Lewis Laboratories, Inc. 

Shell Oil Co. 

Verona -Phanna Chemical Corp. (Pharma 

Chemical Dlv. ). 
Gary Chemicals, Inc. 
Chemical Manufacturing Co., Inc. 
Chemical Process Co. 
Jersey State Chemical Co. 
Lever Brothers Co. 
National Lead Co. 
Odessa Butadiene Co. 
Olin Mathieson Chemical Corp. (Squibb, E. R. , 

& Sons Div. ). 
Union Oil Co. of California. 
Witco Chemical Co. 

Allied Chemical & Dye Corp. (Solvay Process Div.). 
Esso Standard Oil Co. 
Marden-Wild Corp. 
Nepera Chemical Co., Div. of Warner-Lambert 

Pharmaceutical Co., Inc. 
Royce Chemical Co. 
Dr. Salsbury's Laboratories. 
Suntide Refining Co. 
Thompson Chemical Co. 
Union Carbide Corp. (Silicones Div.). 
Schuylkill Chemical Co. 
Baker, J. T., Chemical Co. 
Benzol Products Co. 
Eakins,"J. S., & W. R., Inc. 
Montrose Chemical Co. 
Old Colony Tar Co., Inc. 
Pacific Yeast Products, Inc. 
Tar Distilling Co., Inc. 
Food Machinery & Chemical Corp. (Fine 

Chemicals Dept.). 
Levey, Fred'k. H., Co., Inc. 
DePaul Chemical Co., Inc. 
Midland Industrial Finishes Co. 
Tennessee Products & Chemical Corp. 
Washburn, T. F., Co. 
American Viscose Corp. (Film Dlv. ). 

Keysor Chemical Co. 
Maywood Chemical Works. 

Norwich Pharmacal Co. 

Pabst Brewing Co. 

ftiaker Chemical Products Corp. 

Summit Chemical Products Corp. 

Texas Co. 

Thiokol Chemical Corp. 

Woonsocket Color & Chemical Co. 

Victor Chemical Works. 

Western Dry Color Co. 

Food Machinery & Chemical Corp. (Ohlo-J^ex Div.) . 
Air Reduction Chemical Co. 
Dykem Co. 

Humble Oil & Refining Co. 

Hiker Laboratories, Inc. 

Sonoco Products Co. 

Purex Corp., Ltd. 

Ciba Products Corp. 

Goodrich-Gulf Chemicals, Inc. 

Specific Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 

van Ameringen-Haebler, Inc. 

Escambia Chemical Coip. 

Geigy Chemical Corp. 

Pfister Chemical Works, Inc. 

Com Products Refining Co. 

Frontier Chemical Co., Dlv. of Union Chemical 
&. Materials Corp. 

Procter & Gamble l&nufacturing Co. 

Synthetic Chemicals, Inc. 

Nqpco Chemical Co., Inc. 

Patent Chemicals, Inc. 

Richfield Oil Corp. 

Atlas Powder Co., Chemicals Div. 

Coastwise Petroleum Co. 

Clinton Com Processing Co. 

Cowles Chemical Co. 

Detrex Chemical Industries, Inc. 

Dlversey Corp. 

Federal Color Laboratories, Inc. 

Koppers Co., Inc. (Chemical Div.). 



389 
390 
391 
392 
393 
394 
395 
396 
397 
398 

399 

400 
401 
402 
403 
404 

405 
406 
407 
408 
409 
410 
411 
412 

413 
414 
415 
416 
417 
418 
419 
420 
421 
422 

423 
424 
425 
426 
427 
428 
429 
430 
431 
432 
433 

434 
435 
436 
437 
438 
439 

440 
441 
442 
443 
444 
445 
446 
447 
448 

449 
450 
451 
452 
453 
454 
455 
456 
457 
458 
459 
460 

461 
462 



R. S. A. Corp. 

Standard Chlorine Chemical Co., Inc. 

Standard Naphthalene Products Co., Inc. 

Trask, Arthur C. , Co. 

Varcum Chemical Corp. 

Wyandotte Chemicals Corp. 

Ciba Pharmaceutical Products, Inc. 

Collett-Week Corp. 

Pfizer, Charles, & Co., Inc. 

Rltter, F., & Co. 

West Virginia Pulp & Paper Co., Polychemlcals 

Div. 
Cal vert-Mount Winans Co., Inc. 
duPont de Nemours, E. I., & Co., Inc. 
Alco Oil & Chemical Corp. 
Althouse Chemical Co., Inc. 
Harshaw Chemical Co. 
Sterling Drug, Inc. (Winthrop 

Laboratories Dlv. ). 
Foster-Heaton Co. 
General Mills, Inc. 

General Tire & Rubber Co., Chemical Div. 
Givaudan Corp. 
Heresite & Chemical Co. 
Keystone Chemurgic Corp. 
Knapp Products, Inc. 
Pacific Paint & Vamish Co., Div. of United 

Wallpaper, Inc. 
Perkins Glue Co. 
Socony Paint Products Co. 
Upjohn Co. 

Commercial Solvents Corp. 
Bmilsol Chemical Corp. 
Industrial Dyestuff Co. 
Leatex Chemical Co. 
Organios, Inc. 
Universal Detergents, Inc. 
Allied Chemical & Dye Corp. (Semet-Solvay 

Petrochemical Dlv. ). 
Anderson Chemical Co. 
Ethyl-Dow Chemical Co. 
Fiber Chemical Corp. 
Hbffmann-LaRoche, Inc. 
Jones-Blair Paint Co., Inc. 

Koppers Co., Inc. (American Aniline Products). 
Lefflngwell Chemical Co. 
Marble tte Corp. 
Medical Chemicals Corp. 
Mobay Chemical Co. 
ifeyden Newport Chemical Co. (Newport 

Industries Co. Div. ). 
Oronite Chemical Co. 
Petrolite Corp., Tretolite Co. Dlv. 
Phoenix Oil Co. 
Polyrez Co., Inc. 
Solvent Chemical Co., Inc. 
U. S. Industrial Chemicals Co., Dlv. of 

National Distillers & Chemical Corp. 
U. S. Rubber Co., Naugatuck Chemical Div. 
Boysen, Walter N. , Co. 
Esso Standard Oil Co. (Louisiana Div. ). 
Hooker Electrochemical Co. 
Chemstrand Corp. 
O'Brien Corp. 

Raybestos Div. of RaybestoB-Manhattan, Inc. 
Yo\mg Aniline Works, Inc. 
Advance Solvents S: Chemical Div. of Carlisle 

Chemical Works, Inc. 
General Electric Co. 
Nllok Chemicals, Inc. 
Premium Chemicals, Inc. 
Sch?rarz Laboratories, Inc. 
Ampruf Paint Co. of N. J., Inc. 
Atlantic Refining Co. 
Dawe's Laboratories, Inc. 
Farboil Co. 

Holland Color & Chemical Co. 
Kelly, John F., Co. 
Staley, A. E., Jtenufacturlng Co. 
Sterling Drug, Inc. ( Hilton-Davle Chemical 

Co. Div.). 
Syneo Resins, Inc. 
Firestone Tire & Rubber Co. (Firestone 

Plastics Co. Dlv. ). 
Kllfldonk Chemical Corp. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 



163 





TABLE 21. 'Synthetic organic chemicals: Dir 


sctory 


of manufacturers, /957- -Continued 


No. 


Name of company 


No. 


Name of company 


i,(A 


Laros, R. K., Co. 


543 


Portland Gas & Coke Co. 


465 


Ortho Chemical Corp. 


544 


Reilly Tar Sc Chemical Corp. 


466 


Sohlo Petroleum Co. 


545 


Republic Creosotlng Co. 


467 


Synthetic Plastics Co. 


546 


Rezolin, Inc . 


46!? 


Delhi -Taylor Oil Corp. 


547 


Schering Corp. 


469 


Grant, Foster, Co., Inc. 


548 


Carus Chemical Co., Inc. 


470 


Leonard Refineries, Inc. 


549 


Fuller, H. B., Co. of Ohio. 


471 


Rohm & Haas Co. 


550 


Goodrich, B. F., Co., B. F. Goodrich Chemical 


472 


Thomasset Colors, Inc. 




Co. Div. 


473 


American Potash & Chemical Corp. 


551 


Humphrey-Wi Ikinson, Inc . 


474 


Jtaerican Synthetic Rubber Corp. 


552 


Miles Laboratories, Inc. 


475 


Ansbaoher-Slegle Corp., Div.of Sun Chemical Corp. 


553 


Southern Sizing Co. 


Alb 


Bryant Chemical Corp. 


554 


Miles Laboratories, Inc. (Sumner Chemical 


477 


Hall, C. P., Co. of Illinois, 




Co. Div.). 


478 


Grand Rapids Varnish Corp. 


555 


Koppers Co., Inc. (Tar Products Div.). 


479 


Heyden Newport Chemical Corp. 


556 


Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co. 


480 


Hoffman-Taff , Inc. 


557 


Eastman Kodak Co. (Tennessee Eastman Co. Div.) 


481 


Lilly, Eli, & Co. 


558 


Eastman Kodak Co. (Texas Eastman Co. Div.). 


482 


Lyle Branchf lower Co. 


559 


Arnold, Hoffman & Co., Inc. 


483 


Maas & Waldstein Co. 


560 


Allied Chemical & Dye Corp. (Nitrogen Div.). 


484 


Motcmoo, Inc. 


561 


Aroher-Danlels-Midland Co. 


485 


Phelan-Faust Paint Manufacturing Co. 


562 


Eastman Kodak Co. 


486 


Rlverdale Chemical Co. 


563 


Kolker Chemical Corp. 


487 


Velsiool Chemical Corp. 


564 


Reiohhold Chemicals, Inc. 


488 


Consolidated Paint Co. 


565 


Standard Oil Co. of Indiana. 


489 


Baker Castor Oil Co. 


566 


Union Carbide Corp. (Union Carbide Chemicals 


490 


Hynson, Westcott & Dunning, Inc. 




Co. Div.). 


491 


Interohemical Corp. (Finishes Div.). 


567 


American Cyanamid Co. 


492 


Jtaerican Alcolac Corp. 


568 


Coopers Creek Chemical Corp. 


493 


Ethyl Corp. 


569 


Dan River Mills, Inc. 


494 


Magruder Color Co., Inc. 


570 


Olin Mathiesoo Chemical Corp. 


495 


Mallinckrodt Chemical Works. 


571 


Wolf, Jacques, & Co. 


496 


Marathon Div. of American Can Co., Chemical 


572 


Bristol Laboratories, Inc. 




Sales Dept. 


573 


LaSalle Chemical Co. 


497 


Michigan Chemical Corp. 


574 


Belle Chemical Co., Inc. 


498 


New York Color & Chemical Co., Div. of 


575 


Bush, W. J., & Co., Inc. 




American Dyewood Co. 


576 


Bnkay Chemical Co. 


499 


Phillips Chemical Co. 


577 


Fine Organics, Inc. 


500 


Sherwin-Williams Co. 


578 


Hexagon Laboratories, Inc. 


501 


Wallace & Tieman, Inc. (Lucidol Div.). 


579 


Refined Products Corp. 


502 


Jergens, Andrew, Co. 


580 


Sun Chemical Corp. (Pigment Div.). 


503 


Wioa Co., Inc. 


581 


Beech-Nut Life Savers, Inc. 


504 


AUsydol Laboratories, Inc. 


582 


Borden Chemical Co. 


505 


Brooklyn Color Works; Inc. 


583 


Columbia Organic Chemicals, Inc. 


506 


Continental Oil Co. 


584 


DeSoto Paint & Varnish Co. 


507 


General Aniline & Film Corp., Dyestuff & 


585 


Dominion Products, Inc. 




Chemical Div. 


586 


Felton Chemical Co., Inc. 


508 


Lemke, B. L. , & Co., Inc. 


587 


Imperial Paper & Color Corp., Pigment Color 


509 


Pure Oil Co. 




Div. 


510 


Hitter Chemical Co., Inc. 


588 


Krishell Laboratories, Inc. 


511 


Hodag Chemical Corp. 


589 


Peniok, S. B., & Co. 


512 


Warren Petroleum Corp. 


590 


Shell Chemical Corp. 


513 


Diamond Alkali Co. 


591 


Union Carbide Corp. (Bakelite Co. Div.) . 


514 


Helene Curtis Industries, Inc. 


592 


Catalin Corp. of America. 


515 


Shulton, Inc., Fine Chemicals Div. 


593 


Drew, E. 'F., & Co., Inc. 


516 


Abbott Laboratories. 


594 


Fuller, W. P., & Co. 


517 


Celanese Corp. of America. 


595 


Carwln Co. 


518 


Maumee. Chemical Co. 


596 


Dexter Chemical Corp. 


519 


May, Otto B., Inc. 


597 


Robert & Co., Inc. 


520 


Montrose Chemical Corp. of California. 


598 


Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. 


521 


Productol Co. 


599 


Pennsylvania Refining Co. 


522 


Purocaine, Inc. 


600 


Publicker Industries, Inc. 


523 


United States Borax & Chemical Corp. 


601 


Farmers' Chemical Co. 


524 


U. S. Oil Co. 


602 


Houghton, E. F., & Co. 


525 


Standard Oil Co. of California, Western 


603 


Industrial Products, Inc". 




Operations , Inc . 


604 


Phillips Petroleum Co. 


526 


Cutter Laboratories. 


605 


Gallowhur Chemical Corp. 


527 


McCloskey Varnish Co. 


606 


Glldden Co. 


528 


Southern Resin Glue Co. 


607 


Lakeside Laboratories, Inc. 


529 


Atlantic Chemical Corp. 


608 


Lebanon Chemical Corp. 


530 


Peerless Color Co., Inc. 


609 


Morton Chemical Co. 


531 


Schaefer Varnish Co., inc. 


610 


Chemagro Corp. 


532 


Sun Oil Co. 


611 


Allied Chemical & Dye Corp. (Barrett Div.). 


533 


Verley Chemical Co., Inc. 


612 


Greenwood Textile Supply Co. 


534 


Armour & Co. (Chemical Div.). 


613 


Heyden Newport Chemical Co. (Nuodex Products 


535 


Childs Pulp Colors, Inc. 




Co. Div.). 


536 


Crown Chemloeil Co., Div. of Joseph Turner 


614 


Alliance Color & Chemical Co. 




& Co. 


615 


Sinclair Refining Co. 


537 


Jefferson Chemical Co., Inc. 


616 


H. M. Chemical Co., Ltd. 


538 


Norda Essential Oil & Chemical Co., Inc. 


617 


Krystall. Chemical Co. 


539 


Orbis Products Corp. 


618 


Meta Chemical Corp. 


540 


Quaker Oats Co. 


619 


Socony -Mobil Oil Co., Inc. 


541 


American Marietta Co. (Sinclair & Valentine 


620 


.Standard Chemical Products, Inc. 




Co. Div.). 


621 


Emery Industries, Inc. 


542 


Barium Reduction Corp. 


622 


Onyx Oil & Chemical Co. 



164 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



TABLE 27. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , ;957--Cortinuert 



No. 


Name of company 


No. 


Name of company 


623 


Rook Hill Printing & Finishing Co. 


644 


Stepan Chemical Co. 


624. 


Penmitit Co., Div. of Pfaudler Penmitit, 


645 


Jennison-Wright Corp. 




Inc. 


646 


Lubrizol Corp. 


625 


Salem Oil & Grease Co. 


647 


Roma Chemical Corp. 


626 


Trubek Laboratories. 


648 


Heteroohemical Corp. 


627 


Wallace & Tieman, Inc. 


649 


White & Hodges, Inc. 


628 


Roberts Chemicals, Inc. 


650 


National Starch Products, Inc. 


629 


Verona-Phanna Chemical Corp. (Verona Chemical 


651 


Vineland Chemical Co. 




Div.). 


652 


UBS Chemical Corp. 


630 


Lewis Tar Products Co. 


653 


Allied Chemical & Dye Corp. (General 


631 


Augusta Chemical Co. 




Chemical Div.) . 


632 


Blaokman Brands, Inc. 


654 


Synvar Corp. 


633 


Pennsalt Chemicals Corp. 


655 


Moore, Benjamin, & Co. 


634 


Surf act-Co., Inc. 


656 


Dodd, Donald A. 


635 


Oil & Chemical Products, Inc. 


657 


Delmar Chemical Co., Inc. 


636 


Zinsser & Co., Inc., subsidiary of Harshaw 


658 


McGean Chemical Co. 




Chemical Co. 


659 


S & W Cheirdcal Co. 


637 


Chemical Products Corp. 


660 


Gamma Chemical Corp. 


638 


Toms River-Cincinnati Chemical Corp. 


661 


Food Machinery & Chemical Corp. (Westvaoo 


639 


Ultra Chemical Works, Inc. 




Chlor- Alkali Div. and Westvaco Mineral 


640 


Wyeth Laboratories, Inc. 




Products Div.). 


641 


Specialty Resins Co. 


662 


United States Procaine Co . , Inc . 


642 


Merck & Co., Inc. 


663 


Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Go. 


643 


Alframine Corp. 


664 


Metal & Thermit Corp. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 

TABLE 27 .-'Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, i957- -Continued 

SECTION 2. ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY 



165 



[Names of synthetic organic chemical manufacturers who reported production or sales to the United States 
Tariff Commission for 1957 are listed below alphabetically, together with their Indentlfication numbers 
as used in tables in part III. Section 1 of this table lists these manufacturers in the order of their 
identification numbers] 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



Abbott Laboratories 

Acme Resin Corp 

Ad-Co Color Corp 

Advance Solvents & Chemical Div. of 

Carlisle Chemical Works, Inc. 
Air Reduction Chemical Co 

Alco Oil & Chemical Corp 

Alframlne Corp 

Alkydol Laboratories, Inc. 

Alliance Color & Chemical Co 

Allied Chemical & Dye Corp. : 

Barrett Div 



General Chemical Div 

National Aniline Div 

Nitrogen Div 

Semet-Solvay Petrochemical DIvtti-- 

Solvay Process Div 

Alox Corp 

Althouse Chemical Co., Ino 

Amalgamated Chemical Corp 

American Alcolac Corp 

American Aniline & Extract Co., Inc- 

Amerloan Bio-Synthetics Corp 

American Chemical Paint Co 

American Cyanamlc" Co 



American Maize Products Co 

American Marietta Co 

Ferbert-Schomdorfer Co. Div 

Sinclair & Valentine Co. Div 

American Oil Co. (Texas) 

American Potash & Chemical Corp 

American Rook Wool Corp 

American Synthetic Rubber' Corp 

American Viscose Corp • 

Film Div 

Amoco Chemicals Corp 

Ampruf Paint Co. of N. J., Inc 

Anderson Chemical Co 

Ansbacher-Siegle Corp., Div. of Sun 

Chemical Corp. 

Ansul Chemical Co 

Apex Chemical Co., Inc 

Appleton Coated Paper Co 

Arapahoe Chemicals, Inc. , & Arapahoe 

Special Products, Inc. 
Archer-Danlels-Mldland Co 

Arco Co 

Armour & Co. : 

Armour Laboratories Div 

Chemical Div 

Armstrong Cork Co 

Arnold, Hoffman & Co., Ino 

Astra Pharmaceutical Products, Inc — 

Atlantic Chemical Corp 

Atlantic Refining Co 

Atlas Powder Co., Chemicals Div 

Atlas Processing Co 



Wth St. and Sheridan Rd., North Chicago, 111. 

1401 Circle Ave., Forest Park, 111. 

66 Lister Ave., Newark 5, N. J. 

500 Jersey Ave., New Brunswick (Jersey City), N. J. 

150 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (Calvert City, Ky., and 

Bound Brook, N. J.) . 
Trenton Ave. and William St., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 
72-76 Putnam St., Paterson 4, N. J. 
3242 S. 50th Ave., Cicero 50, 111. 
33 Avenue P, Newark 5, N. J. 

40 Rector St., New York 6, N. Y. (Fairfield, Ala.; Calumet 
City and Chicago, 111. ; Detroit, Mich. ; Edgewater and 
Whlppany, N. J.; Greensboro, N. C; Ironton, Toledo, and 
Youngstown, Ohio; and Bethlehem, Frankford, and Philadel- 
phia, Pa. ) . 

40 Rector St., New York 6, N. Y. (Nichols, Calif"".; Danville, 
111.; Baton Rouge, La.; Baltimore, Md.; Buffalo, N. Y.; and 
Marcus Hook, Pa. ) . 

40 Rector St., New York 6, N. Y. (Buffalo, N. Y.; Chester- 
field and Hopewell, Va.; and Itoundsvllle, W. Va.). 

40 Rector St., New York 6, N. Y. (Cknaha, Nebr.; South Point, 
Ohio; and Orange, Tex. ) . 

40 Hector St., .New York 6 (Tonawanda), N. Y. 

P. 0. Box 271, Syracuse 1 (Solvay Village), N. Y. 

3943 Buffalo Ave., Niagara Falls, N. Y. 

540 Pear St., Reading, Pa. 

Ontario and Rorer Sts., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 

3440 Fairfield Rd.,, Baltimore 26, m. 

Venango and F Sts., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 

710 W. National Ave., Milwaukee 4, Wis. 

Ambler, Pa. 

30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York 20, N. Y. (Azusa, Calif.; 
Stamford and Wallingf ord. Conn. ; Avondale, La. ; Bound 
Brook, Linden, Newark, Princeton, and Woodbrldge, N. J.; 
Pearl River, N. Y.; Charlotte, N. C; Cincinnati and 
Marietta, Ohio; Bridgeville, Pa. ; Damascus, Va. ; and Willow 
Island, W. Va.). 

250 Park Ave., New York 17, N. Y. 

3400 13th Ave., SW., Seattle 4, Wash. 

12815 Eluwood Ave., Cleveland 11, Ohio. 

611 W. 129th St., New York 27, N. Y. (Ridgway, Pa.). 

P. 0. Box 401, Texas City, Tex. 

3030 W. 6th St. , Los Angeles 54, Calif. 

401 Arlington Ave., Torrance, Calif. 

P. 0. Box 360, Louisville 1, Ky. 

1617 Pennsylvania Blvd., Philadelphia 3 (Hfeadville), Pa. 

1617 Pennsylvania Blvd., Philadelphia 3, Pa. (Fredericksburg, 
Va.). 

P. 0. Box 1712, Brownsville, Tex. 

416 Boxilevard, E. Paterson, N. J. 

3940 Summit St., Weston, Mich. 

92 Chestnut Ave., Rosebank, Staten Island 5, N. Y. 

1 Stanton St., Marinette, Wis. 
200 S. 1st St., Elizabethport 1, N. J. 
1200 N. Ifeade St., Appleton, Wis. 
2800 Pearl St., Boulder, Colo. 

700 Investors Bldg., Minneapolis 2, Minn. (Los Angeles, 
Calif.; Pensacola, Fla. ; Wyandotte, Mich.; Valley Park, 
Mo.; Newark, N. J.; and Ashtabula, Ohio). 

7301 Bessemer Ave. , Cleveland 27, Ohio. 

Box 5U, Kankakee, 111. 

1355 W. 31st St., Chicago 9 (MoCook) , 111. 

W. Liberty St., Lancaster (Pittsburgh), Pa. 

55 Canal St., Providence 1, R. I. (Dighton, Mass.; Charlotte, 

N. C; and Cincinnati, Ohio). 
7-1/2 Neponset St., Worcester 6, Mass. 
153 Prospect St., Passaic (Nutley), N. J. 
260 S. Broad St., Philadelphia 1, Pa. (Port Arthur, Tex.). 
New Miiphy Road & Concord Pike, Wilmington 99, Del. (Atlas 

Point, Del.; Reynolds," Pa.; Memphis, Tenn.; and Houston, 

Tex.). 
P. 0. Box 1786, Shreveport, La. 






166 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 

TABLE 27. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory ot manufacturers. 7 957 --Continued 



Name of company 



Atlas Refinery, Inc 

AxiguBta Chemical Co 

Baier Castor Oil Co 

Baker, J. T. , Chemical Co 

Taylor Chemical Dlv 

Barium Reduction Corp 

Bates Chemical Co 

Beech-Nut Life Savers, Ino 

Belle Chemical Co., Inc 

Bennett's 

Benzol Products Co 

Berk, F. W. , &Co., Inc 

Berkeley Chemical Corp 

Berkshire Color & Chemical Co 

Bird & Son, Inc., Floor Covering Mv- 

Blackman Brands, Inc 

Booty Reslneers, Inc 

Borden Chemical Co 



Borg-Wamer Corp., Marbon Chemical 

Dlv. 

Boysen, Walter N., Co 

Bristol Laboratories, Inc 

Brooklyn Color Works, Inc 

Brown Co 

Brown, Andrew, Co 

Bruder, M. A. , & Sons, Inc 

Bryant Chemical Corp 

Buckeye Cellulose Corp 

Buokman Laboratories, Ino 

Burkart-Schler Chemical Co 

Burroughs-Wellcome & Co. (U.S.A.), 

Inc. 

Bush, W. J., & Co., Inc 

Cabot, Godfrey L., Inc 

Cabot, Samuel, Inc 

Cadet Chemical Corp 

CalMo Chemicals, Inc 

California Ink Co., Inc 

California-Spray Chemical Corp 

Calvert-Mount Winans Co., Ino 

Capital Plastics, Ino 

Carlisle Chemical Works, Ino 

Carpenter-Jforton Co 

Carus Chemical Co., Inc 

Carwln Co 

Cary Chemicals, Inc 

Catalin Corp. of America 

Celanese Corp. of America 

Marco Products Dlv 

Chase Chemical- Corp 

Chemagro Corp 

Chemical Insecticide Corp 

Chemlc^ Manufacturing Co., Inc 

Chemical Process Co 

Chemical Products CoiTp 

Chemloo, Inc 

Chemlek Laboratories, Inc 

Chemo-Puro Manufacturing Coirp 

Chemstrand Coir 

Chllds Pulp Colors, Ino 

Clba Pharmaceutical Products, Inc- 

Ciba Products Corp 

Cincinnati Chemical Works, Ino— - 

City Chemical Corp 

Cleary, W. A., Corp 

Clinton Com Processing Co 

Clover Chemical Co 

Coastwise Petroleum Co 

Cockerllle Chemicals, Inc 

Colgate-Palmolive Co ^ 

Collett-Week Corp 

Collway Colors, Ino 

Colton Chemical Co., Dlv. of Air 
Reduction Co., Inc. 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses If not in same city as office) 



1A2 Lockwood St., Newark 5, N. J. 

Box 660, Augusta, Ga. 

40 Avenue A, Bayonne, N. J. 

600 N. Broad St., Philllpsburg, N. J. 

600 N. Broad St., Philllpsburg, N. J. (Penn Yan, N. Y.). 

0. Box 8097, S. Charleston 3, W. Va. 
Scottdale Rd., Lansdowne, Pa. 
Canajoharle, N. Y. 

534 Pearl St., Reading (Womelsdorf ) , Pa. 
65 W. 1st South St., Salt Lake City 1, Utah. 
237 South St., Newark 5 (Nixon), N. J. 
Park PI., E. , Wood-Ridge, N. J. 

II Summit Ave., Berkeley Heights, N. J. 

250 Delawanna Ave., Delawanna, N. J. (Reading, Pa.). 
EaBt WtLpole (Norwood), Mass. 

III Wesley St., S. Hackensaok, N. J. 
42 S. 3d St., Newark, Ohio. 

350 Madison Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Demopolis, Ala.; Los 
Angeles and Santa Barbara, Calif.; Chicago and Illlopolls, 
111.; Leominster, North Andover, and Peabody, Mass.; 
Middlesex, N. J.; Bainbridge, N. Y.; Fayettevllle, N. C; 
Springfield, Oreg.; Kent and Seattle, Wash.; and Broimtown, 
Wis.). 

7165 Chicago Ave. , Gary, Ind. 

1001 42d St., Oakland 8, Calif. 

P. 0. Box 657, Syracuse 1, N. Y. 

Ifcirgan & Norman Aves., Brooklyn 22, N. Y. 

650 Main St., Berlin, N. H. 

5431 District Blvd., Los Angeles 22, Calif. 

52d and Qrays Ave., Philadelphia 43, Pa. 

6 North St., N. (Jilnoy 71, Mass. 

6th & Sycamore Sts., Cincinnati 1, Ohio. (Memphis, Tenn. ). 

1256 N. McLean, Memphis 8, Tenn. 

1228 Chestnut St., Chattanooga 2, Tenn. 

Soarsdale Rd., Tuckahoe 1, N. Y. 

137 Boston Post Rd. , Cos Cob, Conn. (Linden, N. J.). 

77 Franklin St., Boston 10 (Cambridge), Mass. 

141 Milk St., Boston 9 (Chelsea), Mass. 

Burt, N. Y. 

380 Madison Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Perry, Ohio). 

711 Camelia St., Berkeley 10, Calif. 

Lucas & Ortho Way, Richmond 4, Calif. 

2325 Annapolis Ave., Baltimore 30, Mi. 

1032 Sibley Tower Bldg., Rochester 4, N. Y. (Brodhead, Wis.). 

West St., Reading 15, Ohio. 

376 3d St. , Everett 49, Mass. 

1375 8th St., LaSalle, 111. 

Stiles Lane, North Haven, Conn. 

P. 0. Box 1128, New Brunswick ( Klemlngton) , N. J. 

1 Park Ave., New York 16, N. Y. (Calumet City, 111.; Jtords, 

N. J.; and Thomasville, N. C). 
180 l&dlson Ave., New York 16, N. Y. (Amcelle, Mi.; Celriver, 

S. C; Bishop and Parapa, Tex.; Celco, Va.; and Point 

Pleasant, W. Va.). 
290 Ferry St., Newark (Linden), N. J. 
3527 Smallman St., Pittsburgh 1, Pa. 
437 5th Ave., New York 16, N. Y. 
30 Whitman Ave., Metuohen, N. J. 
Ashland, Mass . 

1901 Spring St., Redwood City, Callr. 
P. 0. Box 815, Cartersville, Ga. 
2508 E. Bailey Rd., Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio. 
4040 W. 123d St., Worth, 111. 
150 Doremus Ave., Newark 5, N. J. 
350 5th Ave., New York 1, N. Y. (Gonzales, FLa.). 
43 Summit St., Brooklyn 31, N. Y. 
556 MDrrls Ave., Summit, N. J. 
Kimberton, Pa. 

See Toms River-Cincinnati Chemical Corp. 
132 W. 22d St., New York 11, N. Y. (Jersey City, N. J.). 
"Clearacres," Route 27, Franklin Township, N. J. 
Clinton, Iowa. 

P. 0. Box 10865, Pittsburgh 36, Pa. 
1127 Munsey Bldg., Baltimore 2, Mi. (Goodhope, La.). 
Greenwood, Va. 
300 Park Ave., New York 22, N. Y. (Berkeley, Calif.; 

Jeffersonville, Ind.; Kansas City, Kans.; and Jersey City, 

N. J.). 
(Jilmby St., Osslnlng, N. Y. 
15 Market St., Paterson 1, N. J. 
1747 Chester Ave., Cleveland U, Ohio (Elkton, Ml.). 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 

TABLE 27. --Synthetic organic cbemicaia: Directory of manufacturers, 7957 --Continued 



167 



Name of oompemy 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



Columbia Organic Chemicals, Ino 

Commercial Solvents Corp 

Commonwealth Color & Chemical Co 

Concord Chemical Co., Ino 

Concord i:(yeing & Finishing Co., Inc-- 

Consolidated Paint Co 

Continental-Diamond Fibre Corp 

Continental Oil Co 

Cook Paint & Varnish Co 

Coopers Creek Chemical Corp 

Copolymer Rubber & Chemical Corp 

Corn Products Refining Co 

Cosden Petroleum Corp 

Cowles Chemical Co 

Crosby Chemicals, Inc 

Crown Central Petroleum Corp 

Crown Chemical Co. , Div. of Joseph 

Turner & Co. 
Crown Chemical Corp 

Crownoil Chemical Co., Ino 

Crown Tar & Chemical Works, Inc 

Crown Zellerbach Corp 

Cutter Laboratories 

Dan River Mills, Inc 

Davis, H. B., Co 

Dawe's Laboratories, Ino 

Deecy Products Co 

Deere & Co., Grand River Chemical Div 

Delaware Chemicals, Inc 

Delhi-Taylor Oil Corp 

Delmar Chemical Co., Ino 

DePaul Chemical Co., Inc 

DeSoto Paint & Varnish Co 

Detrex Chemical Industries, Inc 

Dexter Chemical Corp 

Diamond Alkali Co 

Diversey Corp 

Dodd, Donald A 

Dominion Products, Ino 

Douglas Chemical Corp 

Dow Chemical Co 

Dow Corning Corp 

Drew, E. F. , & Co., Ino 

Drug Processors, Inc 

duPont de Nemours, E. I., & Co., Inc- 



Dye Specialties Corp., Ino 

I^kem Co 

Eakins, J. S. , & W. R., Ino 

Eastern States Petroleum & Chemical 

Corp. 
Eastman Kodak Co 

Tennessee Eastman Co. Div 

Texas Eastman Co. Div 

Eddystone Kfenufacturlng Co 

Edison, Thomas A. , Industries, 

McGraw-Edison Co. 

Emery Industries, Inc 

Bnkay Chemical Co 

Eraulsol Chemical Corp 

Endo Laboratories, Inc 

Escambia Chemical Corp 

Esso Standard Oil Co 

Louisiana Div 



1012 Drake St., Columbia, S. C. 

260 Madison Ave., New York 16, N. Y. jAgnew, Calif.; Peoria. 

111.; Terre Haute, Ind.; and Harvey and Sterlington, La.). 
324-0 Qraoe Ave., New York 69, N. Y. 
205 S. 2d St., Camden 1, N. J. 
3470 3d Ave., New York 56, N. Y. 
3101 E. 11th St., Los Angeles 23, Calif. 
70 S. Chapel St., Newark, Del. (Bridgeport, Pa.). 
1000 S. Pine St., Ponca City, Qkla. 
P. 0. Box 389, Kansas City Al, Mo. 
River Rd. , W. Conshohocken, Pa. 
P. 0. Box '2591, Baton Rouge 1, La. 
17 Battery PI., New York 4, N. Y. (Argo, 111.). 
P. 0. Box 1311, Big Spring, Tex. 
7016 Euclid Ave., Cleveland 3, Ohio. (Skaneateles Palls, 

N. Y.). 
Box 111, Picayune, Miss. (De Ridder, La.). 
American Bldg., Baltimore 3, M. (near Houston, Tex.). 
Pleasantview Terrace, Ridgefield, N. J. 

240 India St., Providence 3, R. I. 

2-14 49th Ave., Long Island City 1, N. Y. 

900 Wewatta St., Denver 4, Colo. 

343 Sansome St., San Francisco 19, Calif. (Lebanon, Oreg., 
and Camas, Wash. ) . 

4th and Parker Sts., Berkeley 10, Calif. 

Danville, Va. 

Bush & Severn Sts., Baltimore 30, Md. 

4800 S. Richmond St., Chicago 32, 111. (Newaygo, Mich.). 

120 Potter St., Cambridge 42, Mass. 

2010 S. Utioa, Pryor, Okla. 

50 Murray St., Staten Island 9, N. Y. 

P. 0. Box 4067, Corpus Christi, Tex. 

P. 0. Box 108, Eliton, Md. 

44-27 Purvis St., Long Island City 1, N. Y. 

P. 0. Box 186, Garland, Tex. 

P. 0. Box 501, Detroit 32, Mich. (Ashtabula, Ohio). 

845 Edgewater Rd., New York 59, N. Y. 

300 Union Commerce Bldg., Cleveland 14, Ohio. (Newark, N. J.; 
Painesville, Ohio; Houston, Tex.; and Belle, W. Va.). 

1820 RoEcoe St., Chicago 13, 111. 

Rt. 5, Box 621, Everett, Wash. 

10-40 44th Dr., Long Island City 1, N. Y. 

1624 Darrow Ave., Evanston, 111. 

Midland, Mich. (Pittsburg and Torrance, Calif.; Gales Ferry, 
Conn.; Framingham, Mass.; and I^eeport, Tex.). 

Box 592, Midland, Mich. 

15 E. 26th St., New York 10, N. Y. (Boonton, N. J.). 

1219 E. Church St., Adrian, Mich. 

10th and Market Sts., Wilmington 98, Del. (Birmingham, Ala.; 
Antioch and S. San Francisco, Calif.; Louviers, Colo.; 
Fairfield, Conn.; Edge lifoor, Newport, and Seaford, Del.; 
Tucker, Ga. ; Chicago and Seneca, 111.; E. Chicago and 
Fortville, Ind.; Clinton and Ft. Madison, Iowa; Louisville 
and Wurtland, Ky.; Baltimore, IB.; Everett and Leominster, 
Mass.; Ecorse, Flint, Montague, and Wyandotte, Mich.; Carl 
Junction, Mo.; Arlington, Carney's Point, Deepwater Point, 
GibbBtown, Kearny, Linden, Newark, Parlin, Perth Amboy, and 
Pompton Lakes, N. J.; Buffalo, Dresden, Newburgh, Niagara 
Falls, and Rochester, N. Y. ; Kingston, N. C; Circleville, 
Cleveland, Columbia Park, and Toledo, Ohio; Jtoosio, Phila- 
delphia, and Towanda, Pa.; Camden, S. C; Chattanooga, 
Columbia, Memphis, and Old Hickory, Tenn. ; Beaumont, La- 
Porte, Orange, and Victoria, Tex.; Martinsville, Richmond, 
and Waynesboro, Va.; DuPont, Wash.; Belle, Charleston, 
Martlnsburg, and Parkersburg, W.Va.; and Barlcsdale, Wis.). 

26 Journal Sq. , Jersey City 6, N. J. 

2307 N. 11th St., St. Louis 6, Md. 

55 Berry St., Brooklyn 11, N. Y. 

P. 0. Box 5008, Houston 12, Tex. 



343 State St., Rochester 4, N. Y. 

Eastman Rd. , Kingsport, Tenn. 

P. 0. Box 2068, Longview, Tex. 

Eddystone, Pa. 

51 Lakeside Ave., West Orange, N. J. 

N. Y.). 
4300 Carew Tower, Cincinnati 2, Ohio, 
319 2d St., Elizabeth 1, N. J. 
75 E. Wacker Dr., Chicago 1, 111. 
84-40 101st St., Richmond Hill 18, N. 
P. 0. Box 467, PenSacola (Milton), Fla. 
P. 0. Box 23, Linden, N. J. 
P. 0. Box 551, Baton Rouge 1, La. 



(Stuyvesant J^lls, 



Y. 



491001 O - 58 - 12 



168 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 

TABLE 27. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , J957- -Continued 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



Ethyl Corp 

Ethyl-Dow Chemical Co 

Evans Chemetios, Inc 

Fairmount Chemical Co., Inc 

Farboil Co 

Farley & Loetscher Manufacturing Co 

Farmers' Chemical Co 

Famow, Inc 

Parrington, W. U. , Estate of 

Federal Color Laboratories, Inc 

Felton Chemical Co., Inc 

Ferro Chemical Corp 

Fiber Chemical Corp 

Flberboard Paper Products Corp. , Pabco 
Paint Div. 

Fine Organics, Inc 

Firestone Tire & Rubber Co. : 

Firestone Plastics Co. Div 

Synthetic Rubber & Latex Div 

Florasynth Laboratories, Inc 

Florida MDlasses Corp 

Food Machinery & Chemical Corp. : 

Fine Chemicals Dept 

Niagara Chemical Div 

Ohio- Apex Div 

Westvaco Chlor-Aliali Div. & 
Westvaco Mineral Products Div. 
Foremost Food & Chemical Co., 
El Dorado Div. 

Formica Co 

Foster- Heaton Co 

France, Campbell & Darling, Inc 

Freeman Chemical Corp 

Fries Bros., Inc 

Fritzsche Brothers, Inc 

Frontier Chemical Co. , Div. of ttiion 
Chemical & Materials Coirp. 

Fuller, H. B., Co. of Ohio — 

Fuller, W. P., & Co 

Gallowhur Chemical Corp 

Gamma Chemical Corp 

Gane's Chemical Works, Inc 

Geigy Chemical Corp 

General Aniline & Film Corp. , Dye stuff 

& Chemical Div. 

General Color Co., Inc 

General Electric Co. : 

Chemical Materials Dept 

Silicone Products Dept 

General Foods Corp. , Maxwell House Div 
General Mills, Inc 

General Pgtroleum Corp 

General Tire & Rubber Co., Chemical 

Div. 
George, P. D., Co 

Gillook Chemical Co 

Oilman Paint & Varnish Co 

Givaudan Corp 

Glidden Co 

Glyoo Products Co., Inc 

Goodrich, B. F. , Co., B. F. Goodrich 
Chemical Co. Div. 

Goodrich- Gulf Chemicals, Inc 

Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co 

Gordon Chemical Co., Inc 

Gordon Chemicals, Inc. 

Grace, W. R. , & Co. : 

Dewey & Almy Chemical Co. Div 

Qrace Chemical Co. Div 

Polymer Chemicals Div 

Qraln Processing Corp 

Grand Rapids Varnish Corp 

Grant, Foster, Co., Inc 



100 Pa*k Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Baton Rouge, La.; Orange- 
burg, S. C; and Pasadena, Tex.). 
Midland, Mich. (Freeport, Tex.). 
250 E. ASd St., New York 17 (Waterloo), N. Y. 
600 Ferry St., Newark 5, N. J. 
801 Key Highway, Baltimore 30, Ml. 
7th and White Sts., Dubuque, Iowa. 
P. 0. Box 591, Kalamazoo 99, Mich. 
4-83 48th Ave., Long Island City 1, N. Y. 
Box 389, E. Greenwich (Warwick), R. I. 
4633 Forest Ave., Norwood, Cincinnati 12, Ohio. 
599 Johnson Ave. , Brooklyn 37, N. Y. 
450 Krick Rd., Box 349, Bedford, Ohio. 
P. 0. Box 218, Matawan (Cliffwood), N. J. 
1789 Mantgomery St., San Francisco 11 (Emeryville), Calif. • 

211 E. 19th St., New York 3, N. Y. (Lodi, N. J.). 

P. 0. Box 690, Pottstown, Pa. 
381 W. Wilbeth Rd., Akron 1, Ohio. 
900 Van Nest Ave., New York 62, N. Y. 
Box 366, Aubumdale, Fla. 

1701 Patapsco Ave., Baltimore 26, Mi. 

100 Niagara St. , Middleport, N. Y. (Arsenal, Ark. ) . 

Nitro, W. Va. 

161 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (Newark, Calif., and 

Charleston, W. Va.). 
P. 0. Box 599, Oakland 4, Calif. 

30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York 20, N. Y. (Cincinnati, Ohio). 

16 E. 5th St., Paterson 4, N. J. 

Michigan Ave., Kenilworth, N. J. 

211 E. Main St., Port Washington (Saukville), Wis. 

Box 3, Carlstadt, N. J. 

76 9th Ave., New York 11, N. Y. (Clifton, N. J.). 

321 W. Douglas, Box 545, Wichita, Kans. 

4020 Cherry St., Cincinnati 23, Ohio. 

450 E. Grand Ave., S. San Francisco 19, Calif. 

North Water St., Ossining, N. Y. 

220 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (Great Meadows, N. J.). 

677 5th Ave., New York 22, N. Y. (Carlstadt, N. J.). 

P. 0. Box 430, Yonkers, N. Y. (Mcintosh, Ala., and 

Cranston, R. I . ) . 
P. 0. Box 12, Linden, N. J. (Calvert City, Ky., and 

Rensselaer, N. Y.). 
24 Ave. B, Newark 5, N. J. 

1 Plastics Ave., Pittsfleld, Mass. (Anaheim, Calif.; Chelsea 

and Pittsfleld, Mass.; Schenectady, N. Y. ; and Coshocton, 

Ohio). 
Waterford, N. Y. 
1125 Hudson St. , Hoboken, N. J. 
9200 Wayzata Blvd., Minneapolis 26, Minn. (Kankakee, 111., 

and Keokuk, Iowa) . 
612 S. Flower St., Los Angeles 54, Calif. 
1708 Englewood Ave., Akron, Ohio. (Ashtabula and Magadore, 

Ohio; and Odessa, Tex.). 
5200 N. 2d St., St. Louis 7, Kto. 
P. 0. Box 1168, Texas City, Tex. 
216 W. 8th St., Chattanooga 1, Tenn. 
109-201 Delawanna Ave., Delawanna, N. J. 
900 Union Commerce Bldg., Cleveland lA, Ohio. (San Francisco, 

Calif.; Jacksonville, Fla.; Chicago, 111.; New Orleans, La. 

Minneapolis, Minn.; Cleveland, Ohio; and Reading, Pa.). 
Empire State PTdg., New York 1, N.,Y. (Willlamsport, Pa.). 
3135 Euclid Ave., Cleveland 15, Ohio. (Calvert City and 

Louisville, Ky.; Haledon and Kearney, N. J.; Niagara Falls, 

N. Y. ; and Akron and Avon Lake Village, Ohio) . 
3121 Euclid Ave., Cleveland 15, Ohio (Port Neohes, Tex., and 

Institute, W. Va. ) . 
1144 E. Market St., Akron 16, Ohio. (Niagara Falls, N. Y., 

and Houston, Tex.). 
88 Webster St. , Worcester 3, Mass. 
A & Lombard Sts. , Wilmington 99, Del. 

62 Whittemore Ave., Cambridge 40 (Aeton), Uaae. 

P. 0. Box 4906, Memphis 7, Tenn. 

225 Allwood Rd., CUfton, N. J. 

1600 Oregon St., Muscatine, Iowa. 

1350 Steele Ave., SW., Grand Rapids 2, Mich. 

289 N. Main St., Leominster, Mass. (Baton Rouge, La.). 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 

TABLE 27. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 7957--Continued 



169 







Office address (location of plant given in 


No. 




parentheses if not in same city as office) 


293 




85 Factory St., Nashua, N. H. (Fitchburg, Mass.). 




ISA 




P. 0. Box 4166, Corpus Christi, Tex. 




99 
612 




P. 0. Box 5308 Terminal Annex, Denver 17 (Johnstown), Colo. 
27 Meadow St., Warwick, R. I. 


Greenwood Textile Suppl^f Co 


155 




Gulf Bldg., Pittsburgh 30, Pa. 




7 


Guyan Color & Chemical Works 


Box 1038, Huntington, W. Va. 


616 


H. M. Chemical Co., Ltd 


1754 22d St., Santa Monica, Calif. 


295 




P. 0. Box 366, Wilmington 99, Del. 




477 


Hall, C. P., Co. of Illinois r 


5145 W. 67th St., Chicago 38, 111. 


279 


Hampden Color & Chemical Co 


5 Albany St., Springfield 1, Mass. 


26 


Harnia Paint Manufacturing Co., Indus- 
trial Div. 


1313 Windsor Ave., Columbus 16, Ohio. 


188 




Box 940, Aberdeen, Wash. 




156 


Harris Standard Paint Co., Inc 


1025 N. 19th St., Tampa, Fla. 


403 


Harshaw Chemical Co 


1945 E. 97th St., Cleveland 6, Ohio. (Gloucester City, N. J.) 


llA 


Harsyd Chemicals, Ino 


397 W. 21st St., Holland, Mich. 






1440 Broadway, New York 18, N. Y. (Jersey City, N. J.). 






74 


Hartman-Leddon Co 


60th & Woodland Ave., Philadelphia 43 ( Conshohooken) , Pa. 


5U 


Helene Ciirtis Industries, Inc 


4401 W. North Ave., Chicago 39, 111. 


269 


Hercules Powder Co 


900 Market St., Wilmington 99, Del. (Savannah, Ga. ; Itona- 
field, Mass.; Hattlesburg, Miss.; Burlington and Parlin, 
N. J.; and Hopewell, Va. ) . 


409 


Heresite & Chemical Co 


822 S. 14th St., Manitowoc, Wis. 


648 
578 




Ill E. Hawthorne Ave., Valley Stream, N. Y. 
3536 Peartree Ave., New York 69, N. Y. 


Hexagon Laboratories, Inc. 


479 


Heyden Newport Chemical Corp 


342 Madison Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Fords and Garfield, 

N. J.). 
P. 0. Box 911, Pensaoola, Fla. 


433 


Newport Industries Co. Div 


613 


Naodex Products Co. Div 


830 Magnolia Ave., Elizabeth, N. J. ^Long Beach, Calif.). 


511 




7247 N. Central Park Ave., Chicago 45, 111. 




89 
426 




129 Quldnick St., West Warwick (Coventry), R. I. 
324-424 Kingsland Rd., Nutley 10, N. J. 


Hoffmann- LaRoche, Inc 






P. 0. Box 1614, Springfield, Mo. 






457 


Holland Color &. Chemical Co 


492 Douglas Ave., Holland, Mich. 


443 


Hooker Electrochemical Co 


Buffalo Ave. & 47th St., Niagara Falls, N. Y. (Taooma, Wash.) 


241 


Durez Plastics Div 


WalekHd., N. Tonawanda, N. Y. 


602 


Houghton, E. F. , & Co 


303 W. Lehigh Ave., Philadelphia 33, Pa. 


100 


Huggins, James, & Son, Inc 


239 Afedford St., Maiden 48, Mass. 


362 


Humble Oil & Refining Co 


P. 0. Box 2180, Houston (Baytown), Tex. 


551 


Hujnphrey-WilMnson, Inc 


DeVine St., North Haven, Conn. 


490 


Hynson, Westcott & Dunning, Inc 


Charles & Chase Sts., Baltimore 1, Md. 


587 


Imperial Paper & Color. Corp., Pigment 


P. 0. Box 231, Glens Falls, N. Y. 




Color Div. 




418 


Industrial Dyestuff Co 


Massasoit Ave., P. 0. Box 4249, E. Providence 14, R. I. 


603 


Industrial Products, Inc 


215 S. Laurens St., Greenville, S. C. 


2 


Inland Steel Container Co 


6532 S. Menard Ave., Chicago 38, 111. 






New South Rd., Hicksville, L. I., N. Y. 




Interchemical Corp. : 


491 


Finishes Div 


224 McWhorter St., Newark 1, N. J. (Los Angeles, Calif.; 
Elizabeth and Newark, N. J.; and Cincinnati, Ohio). 


251 


Textile Colors Div 


150 Wagaraw Rd., Hawthorne, N. J. 


90 


International Minerals & Chemical Corp 


20 N. Wacker Dr., Chicago 6, 111. (San Jose, Calif.; Skokie, 
111; and Niagara Falls, N. Y.). 


210 


International Paper Co 


220 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (Corinth, N. Y. , and York 
Haven, Pa. ) . 


36 


Ironsides Resins, Inc 


270 W. Mound St. (P.O. Box 1999), Columbus 16, Ohio. 


189 


Jamestown Paint & Varnish Co 


Jamestown, Pa. 


537 


Jefferson Chemical Co., Inc 


P. 0. Box 303, Houston 1 (Port Neohes) , Tex. 






Box M, Station E, Toledo 9, Ohio. 






502 


Jergens, Andrew, Go 


2535 Spring Grove Ave., Cincinnati 14, Ohio. 


317 


Jersey State Chemical Co 


59 Lee Ave., Haledon, N. J. 


211 


Jewel Paint & Varnish Co 


345 N. Western Ave., Chicago 12, 111. 


427 


Jones-Blair Paint Co., Inc 


6969 Denton Dr., Box 35286, Dallas 35, Tex. 


238 


Jones-DSbney Co 


1481 S. llth St., Louisville 8, Ky. 


271 


Jordan, Jr., W. H. , & F., Manufactur- 


2126 E. Somerset St., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 




ing Co. 




62 


Kali Manufacturing Co 


427 E. Moyer St., Philadelphia 25, Pa. 


63 
306 




19 S. Canal St., Lawrence, Mass. 

18a Madison Ave., New York 16 (West Haverstraw) , N. Y. 


Kay-Fries Chemicals, Inc 


64 


Kehew-Bradley Co 


40 Oliver St., Boston 10 (Everett), Mass. 


458 


Kelly, John F., Co— 


956 Bransten Rd., San Carlos, Calif. 


101 


Kendall Refining Co 

Kennecott Copper Corp.: 


77 N. Kendall Ave., Bradford, Pa. 


65 


Chino Mines Div 


Hurley, N. Mex. 


178 


Utah Copper Div 


Kearns Bldg., Salt Lake City 10 (Arthur and Magna), Utah. 


265 


Kentucky Color & Chemical Co., Inc 


600 N. 34th St., Louisville 12, Ky. 


280 


Kessler Chemical Co., Inc 


State R. and Cottman Ave., Philadelphia 35, Pa. 


348 


Keysor Chemical Co 


Box 338, Saugus, Calif. 


410 




R. D. #1, Bethlehem, Pa. 




102 


Keystone Color Works, Inc 


151 W. Gay Ave., York, Pa. 


91 




71 Otsego St. , Brooklyn 31, N. Y. 




463 
37 




101 Canal St. , Lock Haven, Pa. 

782 Minnesota St., San Francisco 7, Calif. 


King, 0. L., & Co 


411 


Knapp Products, Ino 


fl80 Hamilton Ave., Lodi, N. J. 



I70 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 

TABLE 27. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 1957- -Continued 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



Knoedler Chemical Co 

Kohnstamm, H. , & Co., Inc — 

Kolker Chemical Corp 

Koppers Co . , Ino . : 

American Aniline Products- 
Chemical Dlv 

Tar Products Div 



Krishell Laboratories, Ino 

Krumbhaar Chemicals, Inc 

Krystall Chemical Co 

l^anize Paints, Inc 

Lakeside Laboratories, Inc 

Lake States Yeast Corp 

LaMotte Chemical Products Co 

LaroSj R. K. , Co 

LaSalle Chemical Co 

Laurel Soap Manufacturing Co., Ino— 

Lawter Chemicals, Inc 

Leatex Chemical Co 

Lebanon Chemical Corp 

Leffingwell Chemical Co 

Lemke, B. L., & Co., inc 

Leonard Refineries, Inc 

Lever Brothers Co 

Lever, C, Co., Inc 

Levey, Ered'k. H., Co., Inc 

Lewis Tar Products Co 

Lill^r, Eli, & Co 

Lobica-Debrullle, Ino 

Long, Charles R. , Jr., Co 

Loven Chemical Co. of California 

Lubrizol Corp 

Lueders, George, & Co 

Lyle Branchflower Co 

Mass & Waldstein Co 

Magnolia Petroleum Co 

Magruder Color Co., Inc 

Malllnckrodt Chemical Works 

Marathon Div. of American Can Co. , 
Chemical Sales Dept. 

Marblette Corp 

Marden-Wlld Corp 

Marlowe-Van Loan Corp 

Marx, Max, Color & Chemical Co 

Maryland Plastics, Inc 

Maumee Chemical Co 

May, Otto B., Inc 

Maywood Chemical Works 

McCloskey Varnish Co 

UcQean Chemical Co 

McWhorter Chemicals, Inc 

Afedical Chemicals Corp 

Merck & Co., Ino 

Meriohem Co. Div. of Jefferson Lake 

Sulphur Co. 

Merkln, M. J., Paint Co., Inc 

Merrell, Wm. J., Co 

Jfeta Chemical Corp 

Meta] Sc Thermit Corp 

hfetalsalts Corp 

Metro- Atlantic, Inc 

Meyer, J., & Sons, Inc 

Michigan Chemical Corp 

Midland Industrial Finishes Co 

Miles Laboratories, Ino 

Sumner Chemical Co., Dlv 

Mineral Oil Refining Co-- 

Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Co- 

IHnneBota Paints, Ino 

Mtranol Chemical Co., Inc 

Atobay Chemical Co- 1--- 



651 High St., Lancaster 1, Pa. 

87 Park PI., New York 7 (Brooklyn), N. Y. 

600 Doremis Ave., Newark 5, N. J. 

Koppers Bldg., Pittsburgh 19 (Lock Haven), Pa. 

Koppers Bldg., ^^30 7th Ave., Pittsburgh 19, Pa. 

(Berkeley Heights, N. J.; Kobuta, Oil City, and Petrolia, 
Pa.; and Port Arthur, Tex.). 

Koppers Bldg., 430 7th Ave., Pittsburgh 19, Pa. 

(Woodward, Ala.; Fontana, Calif.; New Haven, Conn.; Chicago, 
111.; Chalmette, La.; Bangor and Portland, Maine; Everett 
and Westfield, Mass.; St. Paul, Minn.; Kearny and Westfield, 
N. J.; Buffalo, Rochester, and Utica, N. Y.; Hamilton, 
Warren, and Youngstown, Ohio; Swedeland and Swissvale, Pa.; 
E. Providence, R. I.; Memphis, Tenn. ; Houston, Tex; Arroyo 
and Follansbee, W. Va.; and Carrollville, Wis.). 

1735 S. E. Powell Blvd., Portland 2, Oreg. 

24-30 Jacobus Ave., S. Kearny, N. J. 

2108 N. Southport Ave., Chicago 14, 111. 

2d &; Boston Sts., Everett 49, Mass. 

1707 E. North Ave., Milwaukee 1, Wis. 

603 W. Davenport St., Rhinelander, Wis. 

Chestertown, Md. 

Broad & Woid Sts., Bethlehem, Pa. 

21-23 Merseles St., Jersey City 2, N. J. 

Almond & Koga Sts., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 

3550 Touhy Ave., Chicago 45, 111. 

2722 N. Hancock St., Philadelphia 33, Pa. 

P. 0. Box 532, Lebanon, Pa. 

10523 S. Santa Gertrudes, Whittier, Calif. 

199 Main St., Lodi, N. J. 

E. Superior, Alma (Mt. Pleasant), Mich. 

390 Park Ave. , New York 22, N. Y. 

Howard & Huntington Sts., Philadelphia 33, Pa. 

380 Madison Ave., New York 17, (Brooklyn), N. Y. 

P. 0. Box A, Lyons (McCook) , 111. 

740 S. Alabama St., Indianapolis 6, Ind. 

1841 Broadway, New York 23, N. Y. 

1630 W. Hill St., Louisville 10, Ky. 

23874 Pine St., Newhall, Calif. 

Cleveland 17, Ohio. 

427 Washington St., New York 13 (Patohogue), N. Y. 

15th Ave., N. W. , at Shilshole, Seattle 7, Wash. 

2121 McCarter Hwy., Newark 4, N. J. 

P. 0. Box 900, Dallas 21 (Beaumont), Tex. 

2385 Richmond Ter. , Staten Island 2, N. Y. 

3600 N. 2d St., St. Louis 7, Mo. (Jersey City, N. J.). 

Rothschild, Wis. 

37-21 30th St., Long Island City 1, N. Y. 

500 Columbia St., Somerville 43, Mass. 

1511 Byrum St., High Point, N. C. 

192 Colt St., Ir-/ington 11, N. J. 

251 E. Central Ave., Federalsburg (Rldgely), Mi. 

2 Oak St., Toledo 5, Ohio. 

52 Amsterdam St., Newark 5, N. J. 

100 W. Hunter Ave., Maywood, N. J. 

7600 State Rd. , Philadelphia 36, Pa. 

1040 Midland Bldg., Cleveland 15, Ohio. 

1645 S. Kilboum Ave., Chicago 23, 111. 

4122 W. Grand Ave., Chicago 51, 111. 

Lincoln Ave., Rahway, N. J. (Albany, Ga.; Danville, 

Philadelphia, and West Point, Pa.; and Elkton, Va. ) . 
P. 0. Box 9788, Houston 15 (Greens Bayou), Tex. 

1441 Broadway, New York 18, N. Y. (I^mdhurst, N. J.). 
Galbraith Rd. and Pennsylvania R. R. , Cincinnati 15, Ohio. 
214-1/2 Washington Ave., Carlstadt, N. J. 
Rahway, N. J. 

200 Wagaraw Rd., Hawthorne, N. J. 
2072 Smith St., Centerdale 11, R. I. 
4321 N. 4th St. , Philadelphia 40, Pa. 
500 N. Bankson St. , St. 'Louis, Mich. 
E. Water St., Waukegan, 111. 
Elkhart, Ind. 

215 N. Centennial St., Zealand, Mich. 

P. 0. Box 625, Dickinson, Tex. 

900 Bush St., St. Paul 6, Minn. (Irvington and Jersey City, 

N. J.). 
1101 S. 3d St., Minneapolis 15, Minn. 
277 Coit St., Irvington 11, N. J. 
1815 Washington Rd., Pittsburgh 34, Pa. (New Martinsville, 

W. Va.). 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 



171 



TATTLE 27. -Syntheti 



rganic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, i 957 --Continued 



Name of oompanj' 



Office address (location of plant given In 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



Monsanto Chemical Co- 



Montrose Chemical Co 

Msntrose Chemical Corp. of California 
Moore, Benjamin, Sc Co 

Moretex Chemical Products 

Morton Chemical Co 

Hforwear Paint Co 

Motomco, Inc 

National Biochemical Co 

National Casein Co 

National Distillers & Chemical Corp — 
National Lead Co 

National Petro-Chemicals Corp 

National Polychemicals, Inc 

National Starch Products, Inc 

Nease Chemical Co., Inc 

Nelson-Wells & Co-- 

Nepera Chemical Co. , Div. of Warner- 
Lambert Pharmaceutical Co., Inc. 
Neville Chemical Co 

New York Color & Chemical Co., Dlv. 
of American Dyewood Co. 

New York & Pennsylvania Co., Inc 

Nilok Chemicals, Inc 

Ninol Laboratories, Inc 

Nonweiler, A. P., Co 

Nopco Chemical Co. Inc 

Norda Essential Oil & Chemical Co., 
Inc. 

Northwestern Chemical Co 

Norwich Pharmaoal Co 

O'Brien Corp 

Odessa Butadiene Co 

Ohio Chemical & Surgical Equipment Co 

Oil & Chemical Products, Inc 

Old Colony Tar Co., Inc 

Old Fort Finishing Plant 

Old Hickory Chemical Co., Inc 

Olln Mathieson Chemical Corp 

Blockson Chemical Co. Div 

Squibb, E. R. , & Sons Dlv 

Onyx Oil & Chemical Co 

Orbls Product Corp 

Organic Chemical Corp 

Organics, Inc 

Oronite Chemical Co 

Ortho Chemical Corp 

Osbom, C. J., Co 

Otto Oil Co 

Pabst Brewing Co 

Pacific Paint & Varnish Co. Dlv. of 
United Wallpaper, Inc. 

Pacific Yeast Products, Inc 

Paisley Products, Inc 

Pan American Petroleum Corp 

Pantasote Co., Eleonora Chemical Div- 

Parke, Davis & Co 

Parsons, M. W., Plymouth, Inc 

Patent Chemicals, Inc 

Paul-Lewis Laboratories, Inc 

Peck's Products Co 

Peerless Chemical Co 

Peerless Color Co., Inc 

Penlck, S. B., Sc Co 

Pennsalt Chemicals Corp 

Pennsylvania Industrial Chemical Corp 

Pennsylvania Refining Co 

Perkins Glue Co 



Lindberg & Olive Street Rd., St. Louis 24, Md. (Anniston, 
Ala.; Long Beach and Santa Clara, Calif.; Monsanto, 111.; 
Everett and Springfield, Mass.; Trenton, Mich.; Kansas 
City, Mo.; Texas City, Tex.; Seattle, Wash.; and Nitro, 
W. Va. ) . 

120 Lister Ave., Newark 5, N. J. 

82A Wilshire Blvd., Los Angeles 17 (Torrance), Calif. 

511 Canal St., New York 13, N. Y. (Los Angeles, Calif.; 
Denver, Colo.; Carteret, N. J.; and Cleveland, Ohio). 

314 W. Henry St., Spartanburg, S. C. 

110 N. Wacker Dr., Chicago 6 (Ringwood), 111. 
568 14th St., Oakland 12, Calif. 

89 Terminal Ave., Clark, N. J. 
3127 W. Lake St., Chicago 12, 111. 
601 W. SOth St., Chicago 20, 111. 
See U. S. Industrial Chemicals Co. 

111 Broadway, New York 6, N. Y. (San Francisco, Calif.; 
Perth Amboy, N. J.; and Philadelphia, Pa.). 

Box 109, Tuscola, 111. 
Eames St., Wilmington, Mass. 

750 3d Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Meredosia, 111., and Plain- 
field, N. J.). 
Lock Haven (State College), Pa. 
Box 348, Red Bluff, Calif. 
Nepera Park, Yonkers 2 (Harriman), N. Y. 

Neville Island, Pittsburgh 25, Pa. (Anaheim, Calif.). 
Main Sc Joralemon Sts. , Belleville 9, N. J. 

425 Park Ave., New York 22, N. Y. (Johnsonburg, Pa.). 

2000 College Ave., Niagara Falls (Lockport), N. Y. 
Prudential Plaza, Suite 2209, Chicago 1, 111. 

Box 1007, Oshkosh, Wis. 

1st and Essex Sts., Harrison, N. J. (Richmond, Calif.; 

Cedartown, Ga.; and Harrison, N. J.). 
601 W. 26th St., New York 1, N. Y. (Boonton, N. J.). 

120 N. Aurora St., West Chicago, 111. 
17 Eaton Ave., Norwich, N. Y. 

2001 W. Washington Ave., South Bend 21, Ind. (Baltimore, Mi.). 
P. 0. Box 1611, El Paso (Odessa), Tex. 

1400 E. Washington Ave., Madison 10, Wis. (Cleveland, Ohio). 

295 Madison Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Houston, Tex.). 

500 5th Ave., New York 36, N. Y. (Cambridge, Framlngham, New 

Bedford, and Worcester, Mass.). 
L407 Broadway, New York 18, N. Y. (Old Fort, N. C). 
P. 0. Box 1480, Richmond 12, Va. (Old Hickory, Tenn. ) . 
10 Light St., Baltimore 2, Md. (Huntsvllle and Mcintosh, 

Ala.; Brandenburg, Ky. ; Niagara Falls and Rochester, N. Y.; 

and iforganto'fm, W. Va.). 
Joliet, 111. 
745 5th Ave., New York 22, N. Y. (New Brunswick, N. J., and 

Brooklyn, N. Y. ) . 
190 Warren St., Jersey City 2, N. J. 
601 W. 26th St., New York 1, N. Y. (Newark, N. J.). 
84 Valley St., E. Providence 14, R. I. 
1724 Greenleaf Ave., Chicago 26, 111. 
200 Bush St., San Francisco 4, Calif. (Oak Point, La.). 
52-20 37th St., Long Island City 1, N. Y. 
1301 W. Blancke St., Linden, N. J. 
455 Cortlandt St., Belleville 9, N. J. 
917 W. Juneau, Milwaukee 5, Wis. (Peoria, 111.). 
4th and Cedar Sts., Berkeley 10, Calif. 

P. 0. Box 1375, Wasco, Calif. 

1770 Canalport Ave., Chicago 16, 111. 

P. 0. Box 591, Tulsa 2, Okla. (Katy, Pettus, and Sweeney, 

Tex.) . 
415 Madison Ave., New York, N. Y. (Passaic, N. J.). 
Foot of Joseph Campau, Detroit 32, Mich. 
59 Beekman St., New York 38 (Brooklyn), N. Y. 
335 McLean Blvd., Paterson 4, N. J. 
4253 N. Port Washington Rd., Milwaukee 12, Wis. 
610 E. Clarence Ave., St. Louis 15, Ifo. 
3850 Oakman Blvd. , Detroit 4, Mich. 
521-535 North Ave., Plainfleld, N. J. 
50 Church St., New York 8, N. Y. (Jersey City, lyndhurst, 

MDntville, and Newark, N. J.). 
3 Penn Center Plaza, Philadelphia 2, Pa. (Calvert City, Ky., 

and Wyandotte, Mich. ) . 
120 State St., Clairton (Chester), Pa. 
Butler (Kams City), Pa. 
632 Cannon Ave., Landsdale, Pa. (West Ifemphis, Ark.; High 

Point, N. C; and Shawano, Wis.). 



172 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 

TABLE 27 -Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 7957--Continued 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



Permutit Co., Dlv. of Pfaudler 
Permutlt, Inc. 

Perry & Derrick Co., Inc 

Petroleum Chemicals, Inc 

Petrolite Corp., Tretolite Co. Div-- 

Petro-Tex Chemical Corp 

Pfanstiehl Laboratories, Inc 

Pfister Chemical Works, Inc 

Pfizer, Charles, & Co., Inc 

Phelan-P^UEt Paint Manufacturing Co- 
Phillips Chemical Co— 

Phillips Petroleum Co 

Phoenix Oil Co 

Pilot California Co 

Pltt-Consol Chemical Co 

Pittsburgh Coke & Chemical Co 

Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co 

Planetary Chemical Co., Inc 

Plastics Engineering Co 

Polychemical Laboratories, Inc 

Poly Resins, Inc 

Polyrez Co., Inc 

Portland Gas & Coke Co 

Poughkeepsie Dyestuff Corp 

Pratt & Lambert, Inc 

Premium Chemicals, Inc 

Presto Plastics Products Co., Inc — 
Procter & Gamble Manufacturing Co — 



Productol Co 

Publlcker Industries, Inc 

Puget Sound Pulp & Timber Co 

Pure Oil Co 

Purex Corp., Ltd 

Purocaine, Inc 

Quaker Chemical Products Corp 

Quaker Oats Co 

R. S. A. Corp 

Raybestos Dlv. of Raybestos-Manhattan, 
Inc. 

Rayette, Inc., Chemical Div 

Red Spot Paint & Varnish Co. , Inc 

Refined Products Corp 

Reichhold Chemicals, Inc 



Rellly Tar & Chemical Corp 

Reliance Varnish Co., Inc 

Remington Arms Co., Inc 

Republic CreoBoting Co 

Rezolin, Inc 

Richardson Co 

Richfield Oil Corp 

Rlker Laboratories, Inc 

Rlnshed-Mason Co 

Rltter, F. , & Co 

Ritter Chemical Co., Inc 

Riverdale Chemical Co 

Robert & Co., Inc 

Roberts Chemicals, Inc 

Robot Devices, Inc 

Rook Hill Printing & Finishing Co- 
Rohm & Haas Co 

Roma Chemical Corp 

Royce Chemical Co 

Rubber Corp. of America 



50 W. 4^th St., New York 36, N. Y. (Birmingham, N. J.). 

115 Corwine St., Cincinnati, Ohio (Dayton, Ky.). 

821 Gravier St., New Orleans 12 (Lake Charles), La. 

369 Marshall Ave., Webster Groves 19, Mo. 

P. 0. Box 2584, Houston 1, Tex. 

104 Lakevlew Ave., Waukegan, 111. 

Ridgefleld, N. J. 

11 Bartlett St., Brooklyn 6, N. Y. (Groton, Conn., and Terre 
Haute, Ind.). 

932 Loughborough Ave. , St. Louis 11, Md. 

Bartlesville, Okla. 

Bartlesville, Okla. (Phillips, Tex.). 

9505 Cassius Ave., Cleveland 5, Ohio. 

215 W. 7th St., Los Angeles 14 (Santa Fe Springs), Calif. 

191 Doremus Ave., Newark 5, N. J. 

Grant Bldg., Pittsburgh 19 (Neville Island), Pa. 

1 Gateway Center, Pittsburgh 22, Pa. (Torrance, Calif.; 
Atlanta, Ga.; Detroit, Mich.; Newark, N. J.; Barberton, 
Cleveland, and Dayton, Ohio; Sprlngdale, Pa. ; Houston, 
Tex.; New Martinsville, W. Va.; and Milwaukee, Wis.). 

3500 DeKalb St., St. Louis 18, Mo. 

1607 Geele Ave., Sheboygan, Wis. 

494 Hunts Point Ave., New York 59, N. Y. 

11661 Wicks St. , Sun Valley, Calif. 

S. Columbia St., & Railroad, Woodbury, N. J. 

Public Service Bldg. , Portland 4, Oreg. 

77 N. Water St., Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 

75 Tonawanda St., Buffalo 7, N. Y. 

113 Marine St., Farmlngdale, L. I., N. Y. 

5410 Avenue U, Brooklyn 34, N. Y. 

301 E. 6th St., Cincinnati 2/ Ohio. (Long Beach and Sacra- 
mento, Calif.; Chicago, 111.; Iowa City, Iowa; Kansas City, 
Kans.; Baltimore, Mi.; Qilncy, Mass.; St. Louis, Mo.; Port 
Ivory, N. Y. ; St. Bernard, Ohio; and Dallas, Tex.). 

417 S. Hill St., Los Angeles 13 (Santa Fe Springs), Calif. 

1429 Walnut St., Philadelphia 2, Pa. 

300 Laurel St., Belllngham, Wash. 

35 E. Wacker Dr., Chicago 1, 111. (Toledo, Ohio; Nederland, 
Tex.; Cabin Creek and Dawes, W. Va.; and Worland, Wye). 

9300 Rayo Ave., South Gate, Calif. (St. Louis, Ms.). 

Valley Rd., Hockessln, Del. 

Lime, Elm, and Sandy Sts., Conshohocken, Pa. 

Merchandise Mart Plaza, Chicago 54, 111. (Cedar Rapids, 
Iowa; Omaha, Nebr.; and hfemphls, Tenn. ) . 

690 Saw Mill River Rd., Ardsley, N. Y. 

75 E. Main St., Stratford, Conn. 

261 E. 5th St., St. Paul 1, Minn. 

110 Main St., Evansvllle 8, Ind. 

624 Schuyler Ave., I^yndhurst, N. J. 

525 N. Broadway, White Plains, N. Y. (Tuscaloosa, Ala.; 

Azusa, Calif.; Jacksonville, Fla. ; Argo, 111.; Kansas City, 

Kans.; Ballard Vale, Mass.; Ferndale, Mich.; Elizabeth, 

N. J.; Brooklyn, N. Y.; Charlotte, N. C; and Seattle and 

Tacoma, Wash.) . 
1615 Merchants Bank Bldg., Indianapolis 4, Ind. (Chicago 

and Granite' City, 111.; Indianapolis, Ind.; Newark, N. J.; 

■Cleveland and Dover, Ohio; Chattanooga, Tenn. ; Lone Star, 

Tex.; and Fairmont, W. Va. ) . 
4730 Crittenden Dr., Louisville 9, Ky. 
939 Bamum Ave., Bridgeport 2, Conn. 
1615 Merchants Bank Bldg., Indianapolis 4, Ind. (Florence and 

Jfoblle, Ala.; Indianapolis, Ind.; St. Louis Park, Minn.; 

Lima, Ohio; Ironton, Utah; Norfolk, Va.; and Seattle, 

Wash. ) . 
1651 I8th St., Santa ktonica, Calif. 
27th Ave. and Lake St., Jfelrose Park, 111. 
555 S. Flower St., Los Angeles 17 (Watson), Calif. 
8480 Beverly Blvd., Los Angeles 48, Calif. 
5935 Milford St., Detroit 10, Mich. 
4001 Goodwin Ave., Box 39696, Los Angeles 39, Calif. 
403 W. Main St. , Amsterdam, N. Y. 
220 E. 17th St., Chicago Heights, 111. 
60 Broad St., New York 4, N. Y. (Newark, N. J.). 
Nitro, W. Va. 
Main St., Buchanan, Va. 
Rock Hill, S. C. 
222 W. Washington Sq. , Philadelphia 5, Pa. (Bristol and 

Philadelphia, Pa.j Knoxville, Tenn.; and Deer Park, Tex.). 
900 Passaic Ave., E. Newark, N. J. 
Carlton Ave., Carlton Hill, N. J. 
New South Rd., Hicksville, N. Y. < 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 

TABLE 27. --Synt/ietjc organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1957 --Continued 



173 



Name of company 



Ruberold Co 

S & W Chemical Co 

Salem Oil & Grease Co-- 

Dr. SalEbury'e Laboratories 

Salvo Chemical Corp 

Sandoz, Ino 

Fine Colors Div 

Sohaefer Varnish Co., Inc 

Schenectady Varnish Co., Ino 

Scherer, R. P., Corp 

Soherlng Corp 

Schieffelin & Co 

Scholler Bros., Ino 

Schuylkill Chemical Co 

Schwarz Laboratories, Ino 

Searle, G. D. , Sc Co 

Seidlitz Paint & Varnish Co 

Shawinlgan Resins Corp 

Sheffield Chemical Co., Div. of 

Sheffield Farms Co., Inc. 
Shell Cheidcal Corp 

Shell Oil Co 

Shepherd Chemical Co 

Sherwin-Williams Co- 

Shulton, Inc., Fine Chemicals Div 

Siddall, Geo. F. , Co., Ino 

Simpson Redwood Co 

Sinclair Refining Co 

Slpe, James B., & Co 

Smith, Kline & French Laboratories—- 
Socony-Mobll Oil Co., Ino 

Socony Paint Products Co 

Sohlo Petroleum Co — 

Solar Chemical Corp 

Soluol Chemical Co., Inc 

Solvent Chemical Co., Inc 

Sonnebom, L., Sons, Inc 

Sonoeo Products Co 

Southern Dyestuff Corp 

Southern Resin Glue Co 

Southern Sizing Co 

Southern Textile Chemical Corp 

Spauldlng Fibre Co., Inc 

Specialty Resins Co 

Specific Pharmaceuticals, Inc 

Spencer Chemical Co 

Squibb, E. R. , & Sons Div. of Olin 

Mathleson Chemical Corp. 

Staley, A. E. , Manufacturing Co 

Standard Agricultural Chemicals, Inc- 

Standard Chemical Co 

Standard Chemical Products, Inc 

Standard Chlorine Chemical Co., Inc-- 

Standard Dyestuff Corp 

Standard Naphthalene Products Co. , 

Ino. 
Standard Oil Co. of California, 

Western Operations, Ino. 
Standard Oil Co. of Indiana 

Standard- Tooh-Chemioals, Inc 

Standard Ultramarine & Color Co 

Stange, Wm. J., Co 

Stansbury Chemical Co., Ino 

Stauffer Chemical "Co 



Steelcote Manufacturing Co- 
Stein, Hall & Co., Inc 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



500 5th Ave., New York 36, N. Y. (Joliet, 111.; Baltimore, 

Md.; and Erie, Pa.) . 
Elkton, m. (LaPorte, Tex.). 
60 Grove St., Salem, Mass. 
500 Gilbert St. , Charles City, Iowa. 
Rothschild, Wis. 

Fair Lawn Ave. & 3d St., Fair Lawn, N. J. 
21-29 MoBride Ave., Paterson 1, N. J. 
15th & Magnolia Sts., Louisville 10, Ky. 

Congress and 9th Ave., Schenectady 1 (Rotterdam Jot.), N. Y. 
9'i25 Grlnnell Ave., Detroit 13, Mich. 
60 Orange St., Bloomfleld (Union), N. J. 
16-26 Cooper Sq., New York 3, N. Y. 
Collins and Westmoreland Sts., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 
2346 Sedgley Ave., Philadelphia 32, Pa. 
230 Washington St., Mt. Vernon, N. Y. 
P. 0. Box 5110, Chicago 80 (Skokie), 111. 
18th & Garfield Sts., Kansas City, Ito. 
644 MDnsEinto Ave., Springfield 1, Mass. 
P. 0. Box 630, Norwich (Oneonta), N. Y. 

50 W. 50th St., New York 20, N. Y. (Dominguez, Martinez, 
Pittsburg, Torrance, and Ventura, Calif.; Noroo, La.; and 
Houston, Tex.). 

50 W. 50th St., New York 20, N. Y. (Martinez and Wilmington, 
Calif.; Roxana, 111.; Noroo, La.; Deer Park, Tex.; and 
Anacortes, Wash. ) . 

2803 Highland Ave., Cincinnati 12, Ohio. 

101 Prospect Ave., N. W., Cleveland 1, Ohio. (Chicago, 111.; 
Detroit, Mich. ; Cleveland and Dayton, Ohio; and Philadel- 
phia and Pittsburgh, Pa. ) . 

Route 46, Clifton (Newark), N. J. 

P. 0. Box 925, Spartanburg, S. C. (Cranston, R. I.). 

2301 N. Columbia Blvd., Portland 17, Oreg. 

600 5th Ave., New York 20, N. Y. (E. Chicago, Ind.; Sand 
Springs, Okla. ; Marcus Hook, Pa. ; and Houston, Tex. ) . 

P. 0. Box 8010, S. Hills Branch, Pittsburgh 16 (Brldgeville), 

Pa. 
1530 Spring Garden St,, Philadelphia 1, Pa. 
150 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (Paulsboro, N. J., and 

Beaumont, Tex. ) . 
Metuchen, N . J . 

837-B Midland Bldg. , Cleveland 15 (Lima), Ohio. 
29 Fuller St., Leominster, Mass. 
Green Hill and Market Sts., Natiok, R. I. 

341 Commercial St., Maiden 48, Mass. 

300 4th Ave., New York 10, N. Y. (Petrolia, Pa.). 
Hartsvllle, S. C. 

P. 0. Box 10098, Charlotte 1 (Sodyeco), N. C. 
Box 352, F^ettevllle, N. C. 

601 S. E. Main St. , East Point, Ga. 

1407 Broadway, New York 18, N. Y. (Langley, S. C). 

310 Wheeler St., Tonawanda, N. Y. 

2801 I^rnwood Hd., I^Tnwood, Calif. 

331 4th Ave., New York 10, N. Y. (Bayonne, N. J.). 

610 Dwight Bldg., Kansas City 5, Mo. (Calumet City, 111.; 

Pittsburg, Kans.; Henderson, Ky.; and Orange, Tex.). 
See Olln Mathleson Chemical Corp. 

2200 E. Eldorado St., Decatur, 111. 

1301 Jefferson St., Hoboken, N. J. 

3583 Aramlngo Ave., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 

1301 Jefferson St., Hoboken, N. J. 

115 Jacobus Ave., S. Kearny, N. J. 

19 E. 5th St., Paterson 4, N. J. 

115 Jacobus Ave., S. Kearny, N. J. 

225 Bush St., San Francisco 20 (Bakersfleld, El Segundo, and 

Richmond), Calif. 
910 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago 80, 111. (Wood River, 111.; 

Whiting, Ind.; Neodesha, Kans.; and Sugar Creek, Mo.). 
2600 Richmond Ter. , Staten Island 3, N. Y. 
5th Ave. and 24th St., Huntington Ifl, W. Va. 

342 N. Western Ave., Chicago 12, 111. 
1929 Aurora Ave., Seattle 9, Wash. 

380 Madison Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (LeMbyne, Ala.; Richmond 
and Torrance, Calif.; Louisville, Ky.; Brooklyn, Chauncey, 
and Niagara Falls, N. Y. ; Perry, • Ohio; Chester and Monon- 
gahela. Pa.; Lowland, Tenn. ; and Bentonvllle and Roanoke, 
Va. ). 

3418 Gratiot St., St. Louis 3, Mo. 

285 Madison Ave., New York, N. Y. (Charlotte, N. C, and 
Pawtuoket, R. I.). 



174 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 

TABLE 21. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of mariufacturers, 1957- -Continued 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



Stepan Chemical Co 

Sterling Drug, Inc.: 

Hilton-Davis Chemical Co. Div 

National Brands Div 

Winthrop Laboratories Div 

Stresen-Reuter, Fred'k. A., Inc 

Summit Chemical Products Corp 

Sun Chemical Corp. : 

Pigment Div 

Warwick Chemical Co. Div 

Sun Oil Co 

Suntide Refining Co 

Surf act-Co, Inc 

Swift & Co 

Synco Resins, Inc 

Synthetic Chemicals, Inc 

^rnthetio Plastics Co 

Synthetic Products Co- 

Synvar Corp 

Tar Distilling Co., Inc 

Taylor Fibre Co- 

Tennessee Corp 

Tennessee Eastman Co. , Div. of 

Eastman Kodai Co. 
Tennessee Products & Chemical Corp--- 

Tex Chemical Co 

Texas Co 

Texas Butadiene & Chemical Corp 

Texas Eastman Co., Div. of Eastman 
Kodak Co. 

Texas-U. S. Chemical Co 

Thiokol Chemical Corp 

Thomasset Colors, Inc 

Thompson Chemical Co 

Thompson Chemicals Corp 

Thompson-Hayward Chemical Co 

Toms River- Cincinnati Chemical Corp— 

Tousey Varnish Co 

Trask, Arthur C, Co 

Treplow Products, Inc 

Triangle Chemical Co 

Trojan Powder Co 

Trubek Laboratories 

UBS Chemical Conrp 

Uhlioh, Paul, & Co. Inc 

Ultra Chemical Works, Inc 

Union Carbide Corp. : 

Bakelite Co. Div 

Silicones Div 

Union Carbide Chemicals Co. Div 



Union Oil Co. of California 

United Cork Co's 

United 'Rubber & Chemical Co 

United States Borax & Chemical Corp— 
U. S. Industrial Chemicals Co., Div. 

of National Distillers & Chemical 

Corp. 

U. S. Oil Co 

United States Pipe & Foundry Co 

U. S. Plastic Products Corp 

United States Procaine Co., Inc- 

U. S. Rubber Co. , Naugatuck Chemical 

Div. 

Universal Detergents, Inc 

Universal Western Chemical Corp 

. Upjohn Co 

van Ameringen-Haebler, Inc 

Vanderbilt Chemical Corp 

Van Dyk Sc Co., Inc- 

Varcum Chemical Corp 

Velsicol Chemical Corp 

Verley Chemical Co., Inc 



20 N. Wacker Dr., Chicago 6, 111. 

2235 Langdon Farm Rd. , Cincinnati 13, Ohio. 
liSO Broadway, New York 18, N. Y. (Trenton, N. J. 
1450 Broadway, New York 18, N. Y. (Rensselaer, N. 
300 W. Main St., Bensenville, 111. 
11 William St., Belleville 9, N. J. 



y.). 



309 Sussex St., Harrison, N. J. 

Wood River Junction, R. I. (Rock Hill, S. C). 

1608 Walnut St., Philadelphia 3 (Marcus Hook), Pa. 

P. 0. Box 658, Corpus Christi (Viola), Tex. 

P. 0. Box 114, Blue Island, 111. 

4115 Packers Ave., Chicago 9, 111. 

Henry St. , Bethel, Conn. 

335 McLean Blvd., Paterson 4, N. J. 

88 St. Francis St., Newark 5, N. J. 

1636 Wayside Rd., Cleveland 12, .Ohio. 

726 King St., Wilmington 99, Del. 

500 5th Ave., New York 36, N. Y. (Cleveland, Ohio). 

Norrietown (Betzwood), Pa. 

61 Broadway, New York 6, N. Y. (Copperhill, Tenn. ) . 

See Eastman Kodak Co. 

First American National Bank Bldg., Nashville 3 (Chatta- 
nooga) , Tenn. 

20-21 Wagaraw Rd. , IW.r Lawn, N. J. 

P. 0. Box 2332, Houston 21, Tex. 

440 Bank of the Southwest Bldg., Houston 2 ( Channelview) , 
Tex. 

See Eastman Kodak Co. 

P. 0. Box 1597, Port Neches, Tex. 
780 N. Clinton Ave., Trenton 7, N. J. 
120 Lister Ave., Newark 5, N. J. 
90 tfendon Ave., Pawtucket, R. I. 
3028 Locust St., St. Louis 3, Mo. 
2915 Southwest Blvd., Kansas City 8, Kto. 

P. 0. Box 20, Evanston Sta. , Cincinnati 7, Ohio. (Toms River, 
N. J.). 

520 W. 25th St., Chicago 16, lU. 
327 S. LaSalle St. , Chicago 4, 111. 
59 Camden St., Paterson, N. J. 

206 Lower Elm St., P. 0. Box 529, Macon, Ga. 
17 N. 7th St., Allentown (Seiple), Pa. 
State Highway #17, E. Rutherford, N. J. 
491 Main St., Cambridge 42, Mass. 
90 West St., New York 6 (Brooklyn), N. Y. 
Wood & Shady Sts., Paterson 4, N. J. 

30 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (Ottawa, 111.; Wyandotte, 

Mich.; Bound Brook, N. J.; and Marietta, Ohio). 
30 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (Tonawanda, N. Y., and 

Sistersville, W. Va.). 
30 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (Torrance, Calif.; Niagara 

Falls, N. Y. ; Port Lavaca and Texas City, Tex.; and 

Charleston and S. Charleston, W. Va. ) . 
617 W. 7th St., Los Angeles 17, CaUf. (Arroyo Grande, 

Bakersfield, Rodeo, Santa Maria, and Wilmington, Calif.; 

Cut Bank, Mont.; and Edmonds, Wash.). 
Central Ave., Kearny (Jamesburg), N. J. 
P. 0. Box 149, Baytown, Tex. 
630 Shatto PI., Los Angeles 5 (Boron), Calif. 
99 Park Ave., New York 16, N. Y. (Anaheim, Calif., and New 

Orleans, La.). 

BoSC 1345, Providence 2 (Phillipsdale), R. I. 

3300 First Ave., N., Birmingham, Ala. 

Lake & Whitman Aves., Metuchen, N. J. 

2911 Atlantic Ave., Brooklyn 7 (College Point), N. Y. 

1230 Ave. of the Americas, New York 20, N. Y. 

( Naugatuck, Conn. ) . 
1825 E. Spring St., Long Beach 6, Calif. 
12800 Imperial Hwy., Norwalk, Calif. 
301 Henrietta St., Kalamazoo 99, Mich. 

521 W. 57th St., New York 19, N. Y. (Elizabeth and Union 
Beach, N. J.). 

230 Park Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Bethel, Conn.). 

11 William St., Belleville 9, N. J. 

P. 0. Box 476, Niagara Falls, N. Y. 

330 E. Grand Ave., Chicago 11, 111. (MarahalL, 111., and 

Memphis, Tenn. ) . 
200 Pulaski St., Newark 5, N. J. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 

TABLE 27.--Synf/iefjc organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 19 57 --Continued 



175 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given In 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



313 
629 

357 
651 
266 
131 
94 
627 
183 
501 
218 
239 
512 
346 
A3 
50 
358 
260 

175 
398 

95 
231 
232 
649 
503 



122 
323 

51 
571 
356 
393 
640 

447 
636 



Verona-Pharma Chemical Corp-: 

Pharma Chemical Div 

Verona Chemical Div 

Victor Chemical Works 

Vineland Chemical Co 

Virginia- Carolina Chemical Corp 

Vitamins, Inc 

Vlta-Var Corp 

Wallace & Tiernan, Inc 

Harchem Div 

Lucidol Div 

Warner- JenMnson Manufacturing Co-- 

Warren Paint & Color Corp 

Warren Petroleum Corp 

Washburn, T. F. , Co 

Watertown Manufacturing Co 

Werner Drug & Chemical Co 

Western Dry Color Co 

Westinghouse Electric Corp 

Westville Laboratories 

West Virginia Pulp & Paper Co., 

Polychemicals Div. 
Wetherill, George D., Varnish Co — 

Wheeler, Reynolds & Stauffer 

White & Bagley Co 

White & Hodges, Inc 

Wioa Co., Inc 

Wilraot & Cassldy, Inc 

Wilson Laboratories Div. of Wilson 

& Co. , Inc. 

Wilson Organic Chemicals, Inc 

Witco Chemical Co 

Witte, John H., & Sons 

Wolf, Jacques, & Co 

Woonsocket Color & Chemical Co 

Wyandotte Chemicals Corp 

Wyeth Laboratories, Inc 

Young Aniline Works, Inc 

Zinsser & Co., Inc., subsidiary of 
Harshaw Chemical Co. 



175 5th Ave., New York 10, N. Y. (Bayonne, N. J.). 

175 5th Ave., New York 10, N. Y. (Newark, N. J.). 

155 N. Wacker Dr., Chicago 6, 111. 

W. Wheat Rd. , Vineland, N. J. 

401 E. Main St., Richmond 8, Va. ( Charlesto.n, S. C). 

809 W. 58th St., Chicago 21, 111. 

10 Commerce Gt., Newark 2, N. J. 

25 Main St., Belleville 9, N. J. 

P. 0. Box 178, Newark, N. J. (Dover, Ohio). 

1740 Military Rd., Buffalo 5, N. Y. 

2526 Baldwin St., St. Louis 6, Mo. 

P. 0. Box 1307, Nashville 2, Tenn. 

P. 0. Box 1589, Tulsa, Okla. 

2244 Elston Ave., Chicago 14, 111. 

127 Echo Lake Rd., Watertown, Conn. 

759 Beechwood Ave., Cincinnati 32, Ohio. 

600 W. 52d St., Chicago 9, 111. 

401 Liberty Ave., P. 0. Box 2278, Pittsburgh 30 (East 

Pittsburgh) , Pa. 
Monroe, Conn. 
230 Park Ave., New York 17, N. Y. (Charleston, S. C). 

Haddon Ave. & Old White Horse Pike, Camden 2, N. J. 

636 California St., San Francisco 8 (Richmond), Calif. 

100 Foster St., Worcester 8, Mass. 

2 Wellington Ave., Everett 49, Mass. 

P. 0. Box 506, Charlotte 1, N. C. 

108-112 Provost St., Brooklyn 22, N. Y. 

4221 S. Western Ave., Chicago 9, 111. 

P. 0. Box 452, Sayreville, N. J. 

122 E. 42d St., New York 17, N. Y. (Lynwood, Calif.; Chicago, 

111.; and Brooklyn, N. Y.). 
Front & Oak Sts., Burlington, Iowa. 
P. 0. Box 839, Passaic (Clifton), N. J. 
179 Sunnyside Ave., Woonsocket, R. I. 
1609 Blddle Ave., Wyandotte, Mich. 
P. 0. Box 8299, Philadelphia 1, Pa. (Evanston, 111., and 

West Chester, Pa. ) . 
2731 Boston St., Baltimore 24, Mi. 
Railroad Ave., Hastings- on- Hudson 6, N. Y. 



APPENDIX 

A. United States Imports of Coal-Tar Intermediates 
and Finished Coal-Tar Products 

Table 28 summarizes, for the period 1955-57, United States im 
ports of coal-tar products dutiable under paragraphs 27 and 28 of 
the Tariff Act of 1930. The data, which were obtained by analyzing 
invoices covering imports through all United States customs dis- 
tricts, are given in detail in a separate report of the Tariff Com- 
nfission.-^ 

In 1957 general imports of coal-tar chemicals entered under 
paragraph 27 totaled 11.9 million pounds, with a foreign invoice 
value of 10.7 million dollars, compared with imports in 1956 of 
6. 7 million pounds, valued at 4. 8 million dollars --an increase of 
78. 2 percent in terms of quantity and 123. 7 percent in terms of 
value. Most of the intermediates imported in 1957 were declared 
competitive (duty based on "American selling price"). More than 
two-fifths of all the intermediates imported in 1957 came from 
West Germany; imports from West Germany in 1957 totaled 4.9 
million pounds, compared with 3. 2 million pounds in 1956. In 1957 
sizable quantities of intermediates also were imported from the 
United Kingdom (1.4 million pounds), Canada (1.2 million pounds), 
Denmark (1. 1 million pounds), Italy (835, 000 pounds), Belgium 
(816,000 pounds), Switzerland (780,000 pounds), the Netherlands 
(446,000 pounds), and France (359,000 pounds). Much smaller 
quantities came from Sweden (86,000 pounds) and Japan (7, 000 
pounds). 

In terms of quantity, the most important individual intermediates 
imported in 1957 were refined naphthalene, adipic acid, and phthalic 
anhydride. Imports of refined naphthalene in 1957, which came 
from Belgium, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and West 
Germany, totaled 1. 1 million pounds, compared with 444,000 
pounds in 1956. In 1957 imports of adipic acid, all of which came 
from Canada, totaled 1 million pounds; imports of phthalic an- 
hydride, which came from Italy, West Germany, Canada, and 
Belgium, totaled 790,000 pounds. Among the other important indi- 
vidual intermediates, acetoacetanilide came from the United King- 
dom and West Germany; anthraquinone, from the United Kingdom, 
Switzerland, and France; anthracene, chiefly from Switzerland; and 
dinitrostilbenedisulfonic acid, from West Germany, Switzerland, 
and Belgium. West Germany was also the source of all imports of 
p-aminophenol, Cassella acid, I-acid, Chicago acid, p-toluidine, 
and m-chloroaniline; France was the source of all the hydroxy- 
cinnamic acid; Italy, of all the H-acid; Sweden, of all the p-nitro- 
benzoic acid; Switzerland, of all the 2-naphthol and mesidine; and 
the United Kingdom, of all the m-cresol. 

Of the various groups of compounds imported in 1957 under para- 
graph 27, the most substantial increases took place in the importa- 
tion of pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals. In 1957 
imports of these products amounted to 2. 8 million pounds, compared 



1 U. S. Tariff Commission, Imports of Coal-Tar Products, 1957 , 1958 [processed]. 

177 



178 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS. IQ57 



TABLE 28 --Coal-tar intermediates and finished coal-tar products: United States general imports, classified 

by use, 1955-57 



Intennediates 

Finished coal-tar products, total- 
Dyes, total 

Acid 

Direct 

Vat — 

Basic 

Itordant and chrome 

Color-lake and spirit-soluble 

Acetate rayon 

Azoic 

Sulfur 

All other 

Medicinals and pharmaceuticals- 
Flavor and perfume materials 

All other 



Quantity 



1,000 

pounds 

6,418 



5. 412 



2 3,010 

669 

648 

675 

124 

442 

136 

50 

31 

19 

216 

924 

311 

1,167 



Foreign 

invoice 

value 



1,000 
dollars 
4,474 

11.103 



6,249 

1,809 

1,411 

1,087 

261 

538 

215 

100 

72 

16 

740 

3,300 

514 

1,040 



Quantity 



6,659 
5.126 



= 2,804 

551 

529 

825 

141 

277 

247 

28 

28 

11 

167 

818 

310 

1,194 



Foreign 
invoice 
value 



1,000 
dollars 
4,776 

10.439 



4,837 

1,237 

1,111 

1,139 

307 

359 

332 

55 

49 

11 

237 

4,258 

500 

844 



Quantity 



1,000 
pounds 

11, 869 

6,604 



3,187 

700 

674 

655 

211 

256 

164 

50 

11 

6 

460 

1,349 

275 

1,793 



Foreign 
invoice 
value 



1,000 
dollars 

10,683 

13.278 



5,586 

1,582 

1,513 

858 

382 

351 

332 

115 

?7 

5 

421 

5,792 

392 

1,508 



■■■ Includes small quantities of organic pesticides and agricultural chemicals, rubber-processing chemicals, 
and surface-active agents. 
^ Actual weight. 

Source: Compiled from the records of the U. S. Bureau of Customs. 



with the 408,000 pounds imported in 1956. Imports of pesticides 
and other organic agricultural chemicals came principally from 
West Germany and Denmark; methyl parathion and parathion were 
the most important insecticides imported. Imports of Naphthol AS 
and derivatives and of textile assistants also increased substantially. 
Imports of Naphthol AS ^nd derivatives totaled 393, 000 pounds in 
1957, compared with 277, 000 pounds in 1956, and imports of textile 
assistants totaled 252, 000 pounds in 1957, compared with 203, 000 
pounds in 1956. West Germany and, to a lesser extent, Italy were 
the principal sources of imports of Naphthol AS and derivatives, 
and Switzerland was the principal source of textile assistants. West 
Germany was by far the naost important source of imports of fast 
color bases and salts and of rubber-processing chemicals. 

Imports in 1957 of all finished coal-tar products that are dutiable 
under paragraph 28 comprised 1, 519 items, with a total weight of 
6. 6 million pounds and a foreign invoice value of 13. 3 million 
dollars. In 1956, imports consisted of 1,515 items, with a total 
weight of 5. 1 million pounds and a foreign invoice value of 10.4 
million dollars. In 1957, for the first time, the value of imports 
of coal-tar medicinals and pharmaceuticals exceeded that of imports 
of coal-tar dyes. Imports of medicinals and pharmaceuticals in 
1957 amounted to 5. 8 million dollars (foreign invoice value), or 
43. 6 percent of the total value of all imports under paragraph 28, 
whereas imports of dyes were valued at 5. 6 million dollars, or 
42, 1 percent of the total imports. In 1956, imports of medicinals 
and pharmaceuticals amounted to 4. 3 million dollars, or 40. 8 per- 
cent of the total value of imports under paragraph 28, and imports 
of dyes amounted to 4. 8 million dollars, or 46. 3 percent of the total 
imports under paragraph 28. Imports of perfume and flavor mate- 
rials in 1957 ($392, 000) were smaller than in 1956 ($500, 000). Im- 
ports of other coal-tar products entered under paragraph 28 in 1957 
amounted to 1 . 5 million dollars, compared with $844, 000 in 1956. 



APPENDIX 



179 



B. Research Workers and Research Expenditures in 
the Synthetic Organic Chemical Industry 

Because of the interest of the synthetic organic chemical in- 
dustry in statistics on chemical research, the Tariff Commission 
each year collects and publishes statistics on the number of tech- 
nically trained research workers in the industry, their salaries, 
and the cost of research (see table 29). This information is not 
available elsewhere. As many of the companies that produce syn- 
thetic organic chemicals also manufacture other products, 
the cost of research applicable to synthetic organic chemicals must 
be allocated. For some companies this allocation is somewhat 
arbitrary, and the costs of research shown in this report are, there- 
fore, only approximate. Moreover, not all companies that conduct 
research report data on their research activities; hence, the data 
given in table 29 are only about 80 percent complete. Notwithstand- 
ing these limitations, the statistics do indicate general trends in 
the amount of research conducted in the field of synthetic organic 
chemicals. 

In 1957 a total of 441 companies reported research activities in 
the field of synthetic organic chemicals. The number of technically 
trained research workers reported for 1957 was 14, 852, compared 
with the 15,498 reported for 1956. The average salary paid in 1957 
was $8, 955, compared with $7, 561 in 1956. Total salaries paid 
research workers in 1957 amounted to 133 million dollars, com- 
pared with 117 million dollars in 1956. In 1957 the gross cost of 
research was 310 million dollars- -3 million dollars less than that 
in 1956. The cost to the industry in 1957 for research conducted 
for it outside of the facilities of the reporting companies--a cost 
not included in the gross cost given above- -was 16. 7 million 
dollars, or about 4 million dollars more than in 1956. This figure, 
however, probably does not represent all research projects con- 
ducted for the reporting companies in universities and private 
laboratories, or all consulting services. 

TABLE 29. --Synthetic organic chemical industry: Number of research workers, salaries paid research workers, 

and cost of research, 1953-57 



Companies 
reporting 



Technically 

trained 

research 

workers ■"■ 



Salaries 

paid 
research 
workers 



Total reported cost of research 



Within the plant 



Gross 



Outside 

the 

plant 



1953. 

1955. 
1956. 
1957' 



363 
388 
403 
409 
441 



Number 
12,208 
13,474 
14,191 
15,498 
14,852 



1,000 
dollars 

83,694 

94,432 

104,804 

117,186 

133,005 



1.000 
dollars 

210,035 
236,524 
252, 530 
313,430 
309,716 



1,000 
dollars 
199,829 
221,842 
239,511 
308,376 
305,748 



1.000 
dollars 

7,951 

9,238 

11,614 

12,566 

16,687 



For the years 1953-55 a technically trained research worker was defined as a person with technical train- 
ing engaged in research work and earning not less than $3,600 per year; for 1956 and 1957 a research worker 
was defined as such a person earning not less than $4,500 per year. 

2 The net-cost figure is obtained by deducting from gross cost the credits for salable products obtained In 
the course of research. 



ISO SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 

C. Glossary of Synonymous Names of 
Cyclic Intermediates 

Many cyclic intermediates are known in the chemical trade by a 
variety of names. Individuals in the trade frequently are not ac- 
quainted with all the synonymous names for a given product. To 
bring together the synonymous names for each product, the tables 
on intermediates in this report (table 7A in part II and table 7B in 
part III) show the standard name, in accordance with the system 
used by Chemical Abstracts; this standard name is frequently fol- 
lowed by the most common synonymous name in parentheses. 

In this report, as in previous reports in this series, the Tariff 
Commission has included a glossary of synonymous names of cyclic 
intermediates. This glossary, which was originally compiled at the 
suggestion of the Industry Advisory Committee on Government Re- 
ports, is intended to serve principally as an index to the standard 
names used in the statistical tables on intermediates. The first 
column of the glossary lists alphabetically the common, or trivial, 
names usually encountered in the trade. The second column gives 
the corresponding standard (Chemical Abstracts) names, under 
which the data are presented in tables 7A and 7B. 



APPENDIX 



181 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names 



Caramon name 



Acedlanthrone 

1,2-Aoenaphthenedlone 

4-Acetaiiilclo-2-amlnophenol hydrochloride 

p-Aoetamldotenzenesulfonyl chloride 

5-Aoetamido-2-hydroxybenzoic acid ; 

l-Aoetamido-2-methoxynaphthalene 

l-A(;etamido-2-naphthol 

l-Acetamido-7-naphthol 

2-Acetamido-'i-nitrophenol 

5-Acetainido-orthanilio acid 

Acetanilide-p-sulfonio acid 

Aoetanilid sulfon chloride 

Acetate leuoo violet 

p-Aoetoaoetchloranilide 

Aoetoacet-o-chloroanilide 

o-Aoetoaoetochloroanilide 

Acetoaceto-l-naphthylamide 

N-Acetoaoeto-1-naphthylamlne 

m-Acetoacetoxylidide 

Aoetoaoet-o-toluidide 

Aoetoaoet-o-toluidine 

Acetoaoetyl-o-anlsidine 

Acetoaoetyl benzidine 

Acetyl-p- amino-o-aminophenol hydrochloride 

l-Acetyl-3-('4-aiidno-m-anisyl)urea 

Aoetylamino Cleve's acid 

~N-Aoetyl-l-amino-8-naphthol-3,6-disuli'onic acid 

Aoetyl-o-anisidine 

Aoetyl-p-anisidine 

Acetyldiaminoanthraquinone 

Acetyl-2,4-diaininophenol hydrochloride 

Acetyl H acid 

Acetyl-l,<l-naphthalenediajnine-6(and 7) -sulfonic acids 

Acetyl-p-nitro-O'ftiminophenol 

Acetyl-m-phenylenedi amine ^ 

Acetyl-p-phenylenedi amine 

Aoetyl-p-phenylenediamine sulfate 

N*-Aoetyl-N-'--2-pyrimidinylsulfanilamide 

Acetylsulfadiazine ' 

Acetylsulfamerazlne 

Aoetylsulfamethazine 

N^-Acetylsulfanilamide 

N*-Aoetylsulfanilamide t 

2-(N*-Acetylsulfanllamido)thiazole • 

AcetylsuLfathiazole 

N*-Acetyl-2-3Ulfo-p-phenylenediamine 

N-Acetyl-o-toluidine— 

1,2, 4- Acid - 

Ami chin 

m-Aminoacetanilide 

p-Amlnoaoetanilide . 

p-Aminoacetanilide sulfate 

m-Aminoacetophenone 

6-(p-Amlnoanllino)metanilic acid 

p-Aminoazohenzene 

Amlnoazobenzene disulfo acid 

Aminoazobenzene-3,'t-disulfonio acid 

p-Aminoazobenzene hydrochloride 

Aminoazobenzene-m-sulfonio acid 

Aminoazobenzene-p-sulfonic acid-- 

o-Aminoazotoluene 

o-Aminoazotoluene sulfate 

4-Amlnoazotoluene-'i-sulfonic acid and salt 

o-Aminoazotoluenesulfonio acid and salt 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



Aminoazoxylenetoluidine 

p-Amlnobenzenearsonic acid 

3-Aminobenzenesulfonanillde — ; 

<l-Aminobenzenesulfonanilide 

m-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid 

p-Amlnobenzehesulfonic acid 

o-Amlnobenzoic acid 

m-Aminobenzoyl I(or J) acid 

p-Aminobenzoyl I(or J) acid 

p-Aminobenzoyl-m-phenylenedi amine 

o-Aminobiphenyl ■ 

2-Amlnobiphenyl 

4-Amlnobiphenyl 

l-Amino-4-brcnioanthraquinone-2,5-disulfonlc acid- 

l-Amlno-2-bromo-'i-(p-toluidine)anthra<julnone 

3.Amlno-N-butyl-p-anisolesulfonamlde 

p-Amino-N-(n-butyl)phenol 

2-Jtailno-<i-'-ohloroacetanilide 



Aoeanthra[ 2,1-a] aceanthrylene-5,13-dlone. 

Acenaphthenequinone . 

3 '-Amino-4 '-hydroxyacetanilide hydrochloride . 

N-Acetylsulf anilyl chloride. 

5-Acetamidosalioylic acid. 

N- (2-Methoxy-l-naphthyl) acet amide . 

N- ( 2-Hydroxy- 1-naphthyl ) ace t amide . 

N- (7-Hydroxy- 1-naphthyl ) acetamide . 

2' -Hydroxy-5 ' -nltroacetanilide . 

5-Acetamido-2-aminobenzenesulfonlo acid. 

N-Aoetylsulfanilio acid. 

N-Aoetylsulf anilyl chloride. 

l,4-Diamino-2,3-dihydroanthraquinone. 

<4 ' -Chloroacetoacetanilide . 

2 '-Chloroaoetoaoetanilide . 

2' -Chloroacetoacetanilide. 

N-1-Naphthylacetoacetamlde . 

N-1-Naphthylacetoacetamide . 

2 ,4'-Acetoacetoxylidide. 
o-Acetoaoetotoluidide . 
o-Acetoacetotoluidide . 

o- Acetoacet anis idide . 

U' ,it" ' -Biacetoacetanllide . 

3' -Amino-4' -hydroxyacetanilide hydrochloride . 

l-Aoetyl-3-(4-amino-3-methoxyphenyl)urea. 

8-Aoetamido-5-amino-2(and 3)-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

8-Aoetamido-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 

o-Acetanlsidide. 

p-Acetanisidide . 

l,5(or l,8)-Diacetamidoanthraqulnone. 

3 -Amino-4'-hydroxyacetanllide hydrochloride. 
8-Acetamido-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 
8-Acetamido-5-amino-2(and 3 ) -naphthalenesulf onic acid. 
2'-Hydroxy-5'-nitroacetanilide. 

■ 3 '-Aiainoaoetanilide . 
4' -Aminoacetanilide . 
p-Aminoacetanilide sulfate. 
4'-(2-Pyrimidlnylsulfamoyl)acetanilide. 
4'-(2-PyTijiiidinylsulfamoyl) aoetanilide. 
4 ' - (4.-Methyl-2-pyTimidinylsulf amoyl ) acet anilide . 

4 :.(4,6-Dimethyl-2-pyrimidinylsulf amoyl ) acetanilide . 
N-Sulf anilylacetamlde . 

4'-Sulf amoylacetanllide . 

4' - ( 2-Thiazolylsulf amoyl) acetanilide . 

4 '- ( 2-Thiazolylsulf amoyl ) aoetanilide . 

5-Aoetamldo-2-aminobenzenesulfonic acid. 

lo-Acetotoluidide. 

l-Amino-2-naphthol-4-sulf onic acid . 

8-Amino-6-methoxyquinoline . 

3 '-Aminoacetanilide . 

4 ' -Aminoacet anilide . 

4'-Amlnoaoetanilide sulfate. 

3 ' -Aminoacetophenone . 

5-Amino-2-(p-aminoanilino)benzenesulfonio acid. 

p-Phenylazoanlline . 

6-Amino-3,4'-azodi[benzenesulfonic acid] . 

6-Amino-3,4'-azodi[benzenesulfonio acid] . 

p-Phenylazoaniline hydrochloride. 

m-(p-Aminophenylazo)benzenesulfonio acid. 

p- (p-Aminophenylazo )ben2enesulf onic acid . 

4- ( o-Tolylazo ) -o-toluidine [NH2 =1] • 

4-(o-Tolylazo)-o-toluidiiie sulfate. 

4-(4-Amino-m-tolylazo)-m-'toluenesulfonic acid and 

salt. 
4-(4-Amino-m-tolylazo)-m-toluenesulfonic acid and 

salt. 
4- ( 2 , 4-Xylylazo ) -o-toluidine [ NH2 =1 ] • 
Arsanilic acid [As03H2=l]. 
Metanilanilide . 
Sulf anilanillde . 
Metanilio acid [ SO3H = 1] . 
Sulf anilic acid [ S03H=1] . 
Anthranilic acid [C0OH=l]. 

6- (m-Aminobenzamido ) -l-naphthol-3-sulf onic acid . 
6-(p-Aminobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
2,4,4'-Triaminobenzqphenone. 
2-Bipheuylamine . 
• 2-Biphenylamine . 
4-Biphenylamine . 

5-Amlno-8-bromo-l,6-anthraquinonedisuLfonic acid. 
l-Amlno-2-brcino-4-(p-tolaidino)anthraquinone. 
N^-Butyl-4-methoxymetanllamide [ S02NH2=1 ]. 
p-Butylaminophenol . 
4' -Chloroglyoinanilide . 



182 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



Cyclic intermeriiates: Glossary of synonymous names- -Continued 



Common name 



5-Amlno-2-ohlorobenzenesulfonio acid 

5-Amlno-3-chlorobenzenesulfonic acid 

S-Amlno-^-chlorobenzenesulfonlc acid 

2-Amino-4-chlorobenzoio acid 

3-itoino-6-chlorotenzoio acid 

Amlnochlorodiphenyl 

Aminochlorodiphenyl ether 

Aminoohlorodiphenyl ether 

2-Amino-3-ohlorotoluene [CH3=l] 

2-Amlno-<i-chlorotoluene [ CH3=l] 

2-Amino-5-ohlorotoluene [CH3=l] 

2-Amino-6-chlorotoluene [CH3=l] 

2-Mino-5-ohlorotoluene hydrochloride 

m-Amino-p-cresol [CHjil] 

3-Ainixio-p-cresol methyl ether [CH3=l] 

3-Amino-p-cresyl methyl ether 

omega- Amino-psl-cumene 

u-Amino-i^-oumene 

Aminodichlorobenzenesulfonic acid 

2-Amino-l,'*-diethoxybenzene 

2-Amino-5-diethylaminotoluene hydrochloride 

p-Aminoethylaniline 

"i-Amino-ljS-dihydroxyanthraquinone 

2-Amliio-l,'i-dimethoxybeiizene 

p-Aminodimethylaniline 

p-Aminodlmethylaniline sulfate 

2-Amiiio-4,6-diiiitrophenol and salt 

o-Aminodiphenyl 

p-Amlnodiphenyl 

p-Aminodiphenylamlne 

4-Amlnodiphenylamlne-2-sulfonic acid 

Aminodiphenyl ether 

4-Aminoethoxyethylaniline 

Amino G acid 

2-Amino-4-hydroxybenzenearsonic acid 

Amino I(or J) acid 

p-Amlno-N-isobutylphenol 

'i-Amlno-2-methylanisole [CH30=l] 

4-Amino-"i'-C3-methyl-5-pyTazolone)-2,2''-stllbenedl- 
sulfonic acid. 

4-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonio acid 

2-Aminonaphthalene-3,6,8-trisulfonic acid 

8-Amino-l-naphthoic lactam 

l-Amino-7-naphthol 

l-Amino-8-naphthol-2,4-dlsulfonlc acid 

l-Amino-8-naphthol-3,6-disulfonlo acid 

l-Aniino-8-naphthol-4,6-dieulfonlc acid 

2-Amino-8-naphthol-3,6-di6ulfonic acid 

4-Amino-5-naphthol-l,3-disulfonic acid 

4.-Amino-5-naphthol-l,7-disulfonio acid 

5-Amlno-4-naphthol-2,7-disulfonic acid 

6-Amino-'i-naphthol-2,7-disulfonlo acid 

l-Amino-8-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid 

2 -Amino -5 -naphthol -7 -sulfonic acid 

2-Amino-6-naphthol-8-sulfonio acid 

2-Amlno-8-naphthol-6-suXfonlo acid 

"i-Amlno-S-naphthol-l -sulfonic acid 

4-Amlno-5-naphthol-l-sulfonlc acid 

6-Amino-4-naphthol -2 -sulfonic acid 

7-Amlno-3-naphthol-l-sulfonlc acid 

7-Amino-4-naphthol-2-sulfonic acid 

2-Amino-4-nltroanlsole [CHjO =1] 

2-Amino-5-nltroanisole 

2-Amino-6-nltroaniBOle 

4-Aiiilno-3-nltroanisole 

<i-Amino-4-nitrodiphenylamine-2-sulfonlo acid 

2-Amlno-4-nitro-l -phenol -e^sulfonlc acid 

2-Amlnophenetole ICzHsO^l] 

Amlnophenol sulf amide 

o-Aminophenol-p-sulfonajnlde 

o-Amlnophenol-p-sulfonic acid 

m-Amlnophenylcarboxypyrazolone 

1- (m-Aminophenyl) -3-methyl-5-pyrazolone 

Aminophenylphenyl ether 

m-Aminophenylpyrazoloneoarboxylio acid 

l-(m-Am±nophenyl)-5-pyrazolone-3-oarboxyllo acid--- 

p-Aminophenyl-p-tolylaminesulfonic acid 

2-Amliio-4(3H)-pyrimldone 

Amino R acid 

5-AminoBaligenin-2-methyl ether 

6-Amlno-3- (p-toluenesulf one ) amino-4-methoxytoluene- 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



6-Chlorometanilic acid [S03H=ll. 
5-Chlorometanilic acid [SOsH^lJ. 
4-Chlorometanilic acid [SOsH^l]- 
4-Chloroanthranllio acid [COOH=1 ]. 
5-Amino-2-chlorobenzoic acid. 
Chloro-2-(or 3, or 4 ) -biphenylamine . 
5-Chloro-2-phenoxyaniline . 
p- Cp-Chlorophenoxy) aniline 
6-Chloro-o-toluidine f NH2=ll. 
5-Chloro-o-toluidine InH2=1]. 
4-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=l]. 
3-Chloro-o-toluidine [nH2=1]. 
4-Chloro-o-toluidine hydrochloride. 
2-Amlno-p-cresol [OH=l]. 
5-Methyl-o-anisidine [NH2=l]. 
5-Methyl-o-anisidine [NH2=1] . 
2 , 4-Dimethylbenzylamine . 
2,4-rimethylbenzylamine . 
2,5-Piohlorosulfanilic acid. 
2,5-Diethoxyaniline . 

N ,N'-Diethyltoluene-2,5-diamlne hydrochloride. 
N,N-Diethyl-p-phenylenediamine. 
4- Aminoxanthopurpurin . 
2 , 5 -Dimethoxy ani line . 
N, N-Dimethyl-p-phenylenedi amine . 
N, N-Dlmethyl-p-phenylenediamine sulfate . 
Ploramio acid aiul salt. 
2-Biphenylamine . 
4-Biphenylaim' ne . 
N-Phenyl-p-phenylenediamine . 
5-Amino-2-anilinobenzenesulfonio acid. 
p-Phenoxyanlline . 
2-(p-Amino-N-ethylanilino)ethanol. 
7-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
4-Hydroxy-o-arsanilic acid [As03H2=l]. 
6-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedlsulfonic acid. 

(p- Isobuty]amino)phenol . 
3-Methyl-p-anlsidine [nH2=i]. 

4 ' -Amlno-4 ' - ( 3-methyl-5 -oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl ) - 2, 2' 
stilbenedisulfonio acid. 

Naphthionic acid. 

7-Amlno-l,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid. 

Naphthostyril. 

8-Amino-2-naphthol . 

8-Amlno-l -naphthol -5, 7-dlEulfonic acid. 

8-Amino-l -naphthol -3, 6-disulfonlc acid. 

8-Amino-l -naphthol -3, 5-di-sulfonlc acid. 

7-Amlno-l-naphthol-3,6-diEUlfonlc acid. 

8-Ajnlno-l-naphthol-5,7-disulfonlo acid. 

8-Amino-l-naphthol-3 , 5 -disulf onic acid . 

8-Amino-l -naphthol -3 ,6-disulfonio acid . 

7-Aralno-l-naphthol-3,6-dlsulfonio acid. 

8-Amino-l -naphthol-5-eulfonlo acid. 

6-Amlno-l-naphthol-3-sulfonlc acid. 

6-Amlno-2-naphthol-4-sulfonio acid. 

7-Amlno-l -naphthol -3-sulfonio acid. 

l-Amino-2-naphthol-4-Bulfonlc acid. 

8-Aniino-l-naphthol-5 -sulfonic acid. 

7-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 

6-Amino-2-naphthol-4-Bulfonic acid. 

6-Amino-l -naphthol -3-sulfonlc acid. 

5-Nitro-o-anisidine [NH2=1]- 

4-Nitro-o-anlsidine [nHj^II. 

3-Nitro-o-anisidine [NH2-lj- 

2-Nitro-p-anisidlne [nH2=i1. 

2-(p-Aminoanilino) -5-nltrobenzenesulfonio acid. 

6-Amino-4-nitro-l -phenol -2-sulf onic acid. 

o-Phenetidine TnH2=1] • 

2-Amino-l-phenol-4-sulfonamide . 

2-Amlno-l-phenol-4-sulf onamide . 

2-Amlno-l-phenol-4-sulfonlo acid. 

1- (m-Aminophenyl) -5-oxo-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxy lie 
acid. 

1- (m-Amlnophenyl ) -3-methyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one . 

p-Phenoxyanlltne . 

1- (m-Aminophenyl ) -5-oxo-2-pyrazollne-3-carboxy lie 
acid. 

1- (m-Aminophenyl ) -5-oxo-2-pyrazollne-3-car boxy lie 
acid. 

5-Amino-2-(p-toluidino)benzenesulfonic acid. 

Isocytosine . 

3-Amino-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

5-Amino-2-methoxybenzyl alcohol. 

4' -Amino-5 ' -methyl-p-toluenesulf on-o-anlsldide . 



APPENDIX 



183 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names- -Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



3'-Amino-(p-toluenesulfone)ethoxytoluene 

2-Amlnotoluene-5-sulfonlo acid 

N-("l-Amlno-m-tolyl)-p-qulnone Imine 

(i)-Amlno-l,2,'i-trimethylbenzene 

Aminovlolanthrene 

Amylnaphthalenes 

o-Amylphenol 

p-sec-Amylphenol 

p-tert-Amylphenol 

Anlline-2,4-disulfonic acid 

Anlllne-2,5-disulfonlo acid 

Aniline oil 

Aniline salt 

Aniline-m-sulfonlc acid 

Anlllne-p-sulfonio acid 

Aniline-omega-sulfonic acid 

"i- Ani 11110-4' -hydroxydiphenylamine 

6-Anilincimetanilic acid 

2-Aniside-4-acetylurea 

o-Anisldine nitrate 

2-Anisldine-4-suirobutylamide 

o-Anisidine-p-sulfonio acid 

2-(m-Anisyl)-A-chloroanthranilic acid 

N-Cp-Anisylj-'i-chloroanthranilic acid 

N-(m-Anisyl)-<i-chloroanthranilic acid 

a-(p-Anisyl)-a-ethyl-p-methoxyacetophenone 

a-(p-Anisyl)-p-methoxyacetophenone 

N-Cp-Anisylj-ii-nltroanthranllic acid 

N-(p-Anisyl)-p-phenylenedi amine 

1,2-Anthrapyridine 

Anthraquinonylaminoanthxaquinone 

l.'ijgjlO-Anthratetrol— - 

4- Antipyrinecarboxylic acid 

Pjp'-AzoMsCNjN-dimethylaniline hydrochloride) 

4,4'-Azobisdiphenylamine 

Azohydroxy aniline 

Azoxyaniline ' 

m,m'-Azoxybisaniline 

Benzal chloride 

Benzaldehydedisulfonic acid 

Benzaldehydemonosulfonio acid 

l-('i-Benzamido-l-anthraquinQnylimino)-5-benzajnido- 

ant.hr aquinone. 

2- [3- (4-Benzamldo-2, 5-diethoxyphenyl ) -1-methyldiazo 

amino]ethanesulfonic acid. 
N-(4-Benzainido-2j5-diethoxyphenyl)-N-methyldiazo- 

taurine. 
3- (4— Benzamido-2 , 5-diethoxyphenyl ) -3-sulf oethyl-1- 

methyltriazene . 
[ 3-(4-Benzamido-6-methoxy-m-tolyl)-l-methyldiazo- 

amino] acetic acid. 
[ 3-(4-Benzaiiiido-6-methoxy-m-tolyI)-N-methyldiazo]- 

glycine. 

Benzanthrone 

Benzanthronedianthraqulnonyldiimide 

Benzene azobenzene 

Benzene-l,3-dicarboxylic acid 

p-Benzenedicarboxylic acid 

1,3,5-Benzenetriol 

Benzidine disulfonic acid 

2,2'-Benzidinedisulfonic acid 

Benzidine sulfonic acid 

Benz[cd]indol-2(lH)-one 

Benzocaine (nonmedicinal grade) ' 

2-Benzofurylcyanomethyl ketone 

2H-l-BenzopyTan-2-one 

1,2-Benzopyrone 

Benzotri chloride 

Benzoylacetanilide 

a-Benzoylacetanilide 

l-Benzoylainlno-4-amlnoanthraquinone 

2-Benioylamino-l,4-diethoxybenzene 

2-Benzoylamino-l,4-dimethoxybenzene 

5 -Benzoylnml no- 2-nitrodimethoxybenzene 

5 -Benzoylami no-2-nitrohydroquinone , diethyl ester-- 

Benzoyl J acid 

2-Benzoylthiophene 

cc-Benzylaoetamide 

m-Benzyl-p-aminqphenol hydrochloride 

Benzyl chloride 

o-Benzyl-p-ohlorophenol 

491001 O - 58 - 13 



3-Methyl-N-(p-toluenesulfono)-p-phenetidlne. 

4-Amino-m-toluenesulfonio acid [SOsH^l). 

N~(4-Amino-m-tolyl)-p-benzoquinone imine. 

2,4-Dljnethylbenzylamine . 

16-Amlnoviolanthrone . 

Pentylnaphthalenes . 

o-Pentylphenol . 

p- ( l-Methylbutyl)phenol . 

p-(l,l-Dimethylpropyl)phenol. 

4-Amino-m-benzenedisulfonlc acid. 

2-Amino-p-benzenedlsulfonlo acid. 

Aniline. 

Aniline hydrochloride. 

Metanilic acid [S03H=l]. 

Sulfanllic acid [SOjH^l]. 

AnilinomethaneEulfonio acid. 

p-(p-Anil±noanlllno)phenol. 

5-Amino-2-anillnobenzenesulfonic acid. 

l-Acetyl-3-(4-amino-3-mfethoxyphenyl)urea. 

4(or 5)-Nitro-o-anlsldine [NH2=1]- 

N -Butyl-4-methoxymetanilamide . 

4-Methoxymetanilic acid [S03H=l]. 

4-Chloro-N-(m-methoxyphenyl)anthranilic acid [C00H=11 . 

4-Chloro-N- (p-methoxyphenyl ) anthranillc acid [ C00H=1] . 

4-Chloro-N-(m-methoxyphenyl)anthranilic acid [C00H=1] . 

2-Ethyl-4' -methoxy-2- (p-methoxyphenyl) acetophenone . 

4' -Me thoxy-2- (p-methoxyphenyl) acetophenone. 

N-(p-Meth6xyphenyl)-4-nitroanthranllic acid. 

N-(p-Methoxyphenyl)-p-phenylenedlamine. 

Naphtho [ 2 , 3 -h] qulnoline . 

1, l' -Iminodianthraquinone . 

Leuooquinizarin . 

Antipyric acid. 

p-Dimethylamlnobenzenedi azonium chloride . 

p-Anllinobenzenediazonium chloride. 

p- (p-Aminophenylazo )phenol . 

3,3' -Azoxydianl line . 

3,3' -Azoxydianiline. 



a,a-Dichlorotoluene . 
4-Formyl-m-benzenedisulfonlc acid. 
o-Formylbenzenesulfonic acid. 
4,5' -Dibenzamido-l,l' -iminodianthraquinone . 

2-[3-(4-Benzamldo-2,5-dlethoxyphenyl)-l-methyl- 
trlazen-3-yl]ethanesulfonlc acid. 

2- l3- (4-Benzamido-2, 5-diethoxyphenyl) -1-methyl- 
triazen-3-yl] ethanesulf onic acid. 

2-[3-(4-Benzamido-2,5-diethoxyphenyl)-l-methyl- 
triazen-3-yl] ethanesulf onic acid. 

[ 3- (4-Benzamido-6-methoxy-m-tolyl) -l-methyltrlazen- 
3-yl] acetic acid. 

[3-(4— Benzamldo-6-methoxy-m-tolyl)-l-methylt^ia2en- 
3-yl]acetic acid. 

7H-Benz [de] anthraoen-7-one . 

3, 9 -Bis [l-anthraquinonylamino] -7H-benz [de] anthraoen- 
7-one. 

Azobenzene . 

Isophthalic acid. 

Terephthalic acid. 

Phloroglucinol . 

4,4 -Dismi no-2, 2 ^ -biphenyldisulf onic acid. 

4,4 -Diamino-2,2 -biphenyldisulfonic acid. 

4,4 -Diamino-3-biphenylEulfonic acid. 

Naphthostyril. 

p-Aminobenzoio acid, ethyl ester. 

2-Benzofuranaoetonitrile . 

Coujuarin. 

Coumarin. 

a, a, a -Trichlorotoluene. 

2-Benzoylacetanilide . 

2-Benzoylacetanilide . 

l-Amino-4-benzamidoanthraquinone . 

2 ',5 '-Diethoxybenzanilide. 

2 ',5 '-Dimethoxybenzanilide . 

2 ',5 '-Dimethoxy-4 '-nltrobenzanilide . 

2 ', 5 '-Diethoxy-4 '-nltrobenzanilide . 

6-Benzamido-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 

Phenyl- 2- thienyl ketone. 

Hydrooinnamamide . 

4-Amino- a-phenyl-m-cresol hydrochloride . 

ot-Chlorotoluene . 

4-Chloro-a-phenyl-o-cresol [ClH=l]. 



184 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names- -Continued 



Ccsnmon name 



Beozyl cyanide 

N-Benzyl-ethylaniline 

N-Benzyl-N-ethyl-p-nitrosoaniline 

3-Benzyl-7-hydroxy-^-methylcouinarln 

Benzylldineacetoptienone 

A-Benzylidineaminoantlpyrlne 

Benzyl meroaptan 

p-BenzylphenyloarbamatS ■ 

p,p'-Biaoetoaoetanllide 

Blbenzal 

Bibenzoyl 

Bibenzylidene 

o-Blphenylamlne 

Biphenylene oxide 

p,p'-Bis(aoetoaoetanllide) 

N,N'-Bis(acetoaoetyl)benzidliie 

l,3-Bis(4-biphenyl)-2-thiourea— - 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)aniline 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl-m-toluidine) 

2,2'-Bls('i-hydroxyphenyl)propane 

N,N'-Bis-6-(l-naphthol-3-suXfonlo aoid )urea- 

Bisphenol A 

Bisphenol B 

Blsphenol C 

Bisphenol G 

3,3 -Bitolylene-4,4-'-dlisooyanate 

B.O.N— — 

Broenner's aoid 

Bromamine aoid 

p-Bromoaoetamidoanthraquinone 

Bromobenzantlirone 

2-Bramobiphenylene oxide 

p-Bromomethylaminoanthraquinone 

4-Bromo-N-methyl-l,9-anthrapyrldone 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



a-Bromo-p-nltroacetqphenone 

Bromoquinlzarln 

o-(3-Bromo-p-tolyl)benzoio acid 

6-tert-Butyl-2,4-dlmethylaoetophenone- 
n-Butyl-p-nitrobenzoate 



p-Carboxybenzene sulfonamide 

S-Carboxy-'i-hydroxyaeetanlllde 

3-(Carboxymethyl)-l-(5-ohloro-2-methoxyphenyl)-3- 

methyltriazene . 

(o-Carboxyphenyl) acetic aoid 

Cassella aoid 

Chicago aoid 

Chlorinated oresols 

2-Chloro-3-acetamlno-9, 10-anthrahydroquinone acid 

ester. 

2-Chloro-3-acetaininoanthraquinone 

2-Chloro-3-acetamino-9, lO-dihydroxyanthraoene-9, 10- 

disulfonio acid ester. 

o-Chloroaoetoacetanllide 

Chloroacetylarsanllio acid 

5-Chloro-2-amlnoanisole [ CH30=l] 

'i-Chloro-2-amijio-6-benzenesulfonic acid 

6-Chloro-3-aminobenzotrlfluoride 

Chloroaminophenol 

2-Chloro-<l-aminotoluene [CH3=]] 

3-Chloro-2-aniinotoluene [CHj^l] 

5-Chloro-2-amlnotoluene [CH3=1] 

m-Chloroaniline-o-sulfonic aoid 

p-Chloroanillne-m-sulfonic acid 

p-Chloroaniline-o-sulfonlo aoid 

4-Chloro-o-anlsidine [CH30=1] 

5-Chloro-o-anlsidine [CH30=1]- - 

3-Chloro-2-anthraoenecarboxylio acid 

2-Chloroanthraquinone-3-carboxylic acid 

Chloroareacetin 

2-Chlorobenzaldehyde-5-sulfonic acid 

4-Chlorobenzaldehyde-2-sulfonlo acid 

l-Chloro-5-benzamldeanthraqulnorie 

Chlorobenzanthrone 

■i-Chlorobenzotrifluoride 

Chlorobenzyl cyanide 

l-Chloro-2-carboxyanthraquinone 

p-Chloro-m-cresol [ CH3=1] 

2-Chloro-l,4-dlhydroxyanthraquinone 

Chloro H acid 

5-Chloro-8-hydroxyquinoline 

3-Chloro-3'-methoxy-6-diphenylamineoarboxyllo acld— 



Phenylacetonitrile . 

N-Ethyl-N-phenylbenzylamlne . 

N-Ethyl-N- ( p-ni trosophenyl ) benzylamine , 

3-Benzyl-4.-methylujiibelllf erone . 

Chalcone . 

4-Benzylideneiminoantipyrlne . 

a-Toluenethiol. 

a-Phenyl-p-cresol carbamate. 

A' ,A" '-Biaoetoacetanillde . 

Stllbene. 

Benzil. 

Stllbene. 

2-Blphenylamlne . 

Dlbenzofuran. 

A ',4'"-Biaoetoaoetanilide. 

i',A" '-Biaoetoacetanillde . 

4,4'-Diphenylthiocarbanlllde. 

2,2'-(Phenyllmlno)dlethanol. 

2,2^-Cm-Tolylimlno)dlethanol. 

4, -V ' - Isopropylldlnediphenol . 

6,6'-Ureylenebis [l-naphthol-3-sulfonlo aoid ]. 

4, 4 '-Isopropylldlnediphenol. 

2,2 -Bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)butane. 

•i,4-'-Isopropylldlnedl-o-cresol. 

A, 4 -Isopropylidinebis [2-isopropylphenol] . 

Isooyanlc acid, (3,3 '-dimethyl -4, 4 '-biphenylene ester. 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoio aoid. 

6-Amlno-2-naphthalenesulfonlo acid. 

l-Amino-4-bramo-2-anthraquinonesulfonic acid. 

l-Acetamldo-4-bromoanthraquinone. 

3-Bromo-7H-benz [de] anthracen-7-one . 

2-Bramodibenzofuran . 

4- Bromo-l-methylamlnoanthraquinone , 

6-Brcmo-3-methyl-7H-dlbenz [f , ij] ieoquinoHne-2,7(3H) - 

dione. 
2-BrQmo-4 -nltroacetophenone . 
2-Bromoquluizarln. 

3 -Bromo-4 -methyl-2-blphenylcarboxyllc acid. 
2 '-tert-Butyl-4 ', 6 '-dimethylaoetophenone . 
p-Nltrobenzoic acid, n-butyl ester. 



p-Sulfamoylbenzoic acid. 

5-Aoetamido8allcyllo acid. 

N- (5-Chloro-2-methoxyphenyla2o ) -N-methylglyolne . 

a -Carboxy-o-tolule acid. 
3-Amlno-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonlc aoid. 
8-Amino-l-naphthol-5,7-disulfonlc acid. 
Oresols, chlorinated. 
2-Aoetamido-3-ohloro-9, lO-dlhydro-9, 10-anthradlol- 

9,10-dlsulfonlo acid, diethyl ester. 
2-Acetamldo-3-ohloroanthraqulnone . 
2-Acetamido-3-ohloro-9,10-dihydro-9,10-anthradlol-9, 

10-disulfonio acid, diethyl ester. 
2' -Chloroaoetoaoetanillde. 
N-Acetyl-2-chloroarsanillc acid [As03H2=1]. 
4-Chloro-o-anlsidine [ NHj =1 ] • 
5-Chlorametanillo acid [ S03H=1] . 
6-Chloro-a,a,o-trifluoro-m-toluidlne [NH2=1] . 
2-Amlno-4-chlorophenol . 
3-Chloro-p-toluldine [NH2=1]. 
6-Chloro-o-toluldlne [NHj^l]. 
4-Chloro-o-toluidlne [NH2=1]. 
2-Amlno-6-chlorobenzenesulfonio acid. 
6-Chlorcimetanlllo acid. 
2-Amlno-5-ohlorobenzenesulfonlc acid, 
5-Chloro-o-anisidlne [NH2=1]. 
4-Chloro-o-anlsidlne [NH2=1]. 
3-Chloro-2-anthrolo acid. 
3-Chloro-2-anthraqulnoneoarboxylio acid. 
N-Acetyl-2-chloroarsanillc acid [As03H2=l], 
4-Chloro-3-formylbenzenesulfonlo acid. 
5-Chloro-2-foniiylbenzenesulfonio aoid. 
l-Benzamldo-5-chloroanthraqulnone, 
Chloro-7H-benz [de] anthracen-7-one. 
4-Chloro-<»,a,a-trifluorotoluene. 
(p-Chlorophenyl ) acetonitrile . 
l-Chloro-2-anthraquinoneoarboxyllc acid. 
6-Chloro-m-cresol [OH=l]. 
2-Chloroqulnizarin. 

8-Chloro-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonlc acid. 
5-Chloro-8-quinolinol. 
4-Chloro-N-(m-methoxyphenyl)anthranlllo acid [C00H=1]. 



APPENDIX 



185 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names --Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



3-Chloro-4'-methoxy-6-dlphenylaminecarboxylio acid — 

a-Chloro-2-methoxy-5-nltrotoluene 

[3-(5-Chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)-l-methjrldiazoamlno] - 
acetic acid. 

Chloromethylanthraqulnone 

o-Chloro-p-nitro aniline 

p-Chloro-o-nitro aniline 

Chloio-o-nitrobenzene 

^-Chloro-3-nitrobenzotrifluoride 

<i-Chloro-2-nitro-l-phenol-6-sulfonlc acid 

^-Chloro-2-nltrophenyl ether 

2-Chlorophenol 

<*-Chlorophenol 

Chlorqphenylhydrazlne^p-sulfonlc acid 

l-(m-Chlorophenyl) -3 -methyl -5 -pyrazolone 

2-Chloro-o-phenyl phenol 

l-(6-Chloro-'l-sulfophenyl)-3-methyl-2-pyrazolin-5-ane 

1- ( 2-Chloro-'4-suir ophenyl ) -3-methyl-5-pyrazolone 

l-(6-Chloro-3-sulfophenyl)-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone 

o-Chloro-p-toluene sodium sulfonate 

"i-Chlorotoluene-2-sulfonio acid 

m-Chlorotoluenethloglycolic acid 

-i-Chloro-o-toluidlne [CH3=l] 

5-Chloro-2-toluldine [CH3=l] — 

5-Chloro-o-toluidlne [CH3=l] 

0-Chloro-m-toluidine-p-sulfonio acid 

2-Chloro-p-toluidine-5-sulfonio acid 

2-Chloro-5-toluidlne-4-sulfonic acid 

<t-Chloro-o-tolylmercaptoacetlc acid 

l-(5-Chloro-o-tolyl)-3-methyl-3-triazeneacetlc acid — 

Chlorotolylthloglyoolic acid 

Chloro-sym-xyleuol 

Chloroxylidenesulfonlc acid 

4-Chloro-2,5-xylylmercaptoacetlc acid 

Chromotropio acid 

Ctnnamene 

1,6-Cleve 's acid 

1,7-Cleve 's acid 

Cleve's acid, mixed 

m-Cresidine 

Cresidine or p-Cresidine ' 

m-Cresol methyl ether 

m-Cresolsulfcmic acid 

o-Cresotic acid 

Y-Cresotic acid 

o-Cresotinio acid — -^ 

Cresyldisulfide 

m-Cresyl methyl ether 

Cumaldehyde 

psl-Cumene ■ 

pal-Cumidine 

Cumlnaldehyde 

2-Cyanopyridine 

3-Cyanopy»idine 

4-Cyanopyridlne 

Dahl 's acid ; 

Dehydrothio-p-toluidine 

Desoxyanisoln 

Developer Z 

3,6-Diaminoaoridine 

m-Diaminoanisole 

3,3'-Diamlnoa2oxybenzene 

2,2'-Diamlno-5,5'-bl-m-toluenesuLfanlc acid 

4,4 '-Diamiiio-l,l'-dianthraqilinonylamine 

4,4'-Dlamino-l,l'-dianthrlmide 

Diamino-4,4 '-dibenzoyl-l,l' -dianthraquinoneimine 

Dlainlno-4,5'-dibenzoyl-l,l'-dlanthraquinanylamine 

l,4-Diamliio-2,3-dlhydroxyanthraquiiione 

3,6-Dlamlno-2,7-dlmethylacrldlne hydrochloride 

4,4'-Diamlno-2,2'-dimethylblphenyl 

4,4'-Diamlno-2,2'-dimethyldlphenylmethane 

4,4 -Dlamlnodiphenyl 

4,4 -Diamlnodlphenylamlne-2-sulfonlo acid 

PjP^-Dlaminodiphenylmethane 

p,p ^-Dlaminodiphenylsulf Ide 

3,3 -Dlamlnodiphenyl urea 

Di(p-aminqphenyl)BuLfide 

l,3-Dl(m-amlnqphenyl)urea 



4-Chloro-N-(p-methoxyphenyl)anthranlllc acid. 
2-(Chloromethyl)-4-nitroanisole [CHjO^lj. 
N-(5-Chloro-2-methoxyphenylazo)-N-methylglycine. 

l-Chloro-2-methylanthraqulnone . 
2-Chloro-4-nitroanlline . 
4-Chloro-2-nltroani line . 
l-Chloro-2-nitrobenzene . 
4-Chloro-a, a, a-trif luoro-3-nitrotoluene . 
4-Chloro-6-nltro-l-phenol-2-suironlc acid . 
1- (4-Chloro-2-nltrophenoxy )benzene . 
o-Chlorophenol . 
p-Chlorophenol . 

4-Chloro-3-hydrazinobenzenesulf onlc acid . 
1- (m-Chlorophenyl ) -3-methyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one . 
2-Chloro-6-phenylphenol . 

5-Chloro-4-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolln-l-yl)benzene- 

sulfonlc acid. 
5-Chloro-4-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyra2olin-l-yl)benzene- 

sulfonio acid. 
4-Chloro-3-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyTazolin-l-yl)benzene- 

sulfonlc acid. 
3-Chloro-p-toluenesulfonlo acid, sodium salt [S03H=l]. 
5-Chloro-o-toluenesulfonic acid [SOsH^l). 
(4-Chloro-o-tolylthio ) acetic acid . 
5-Chloro-o-toluldlne [NH2=l]. 
4-Chloro-o-toluidlne [NH2=l]. 
4-Chloro-o-toluidlne [ NHj =1 ] . 

2-Am1no-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonlc acid [S03H=l]. 
6-Amlno-4-chloro-m-toluenesulfonlc acid [S03H=l]. 
2-Amino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonlo acid [S03H=l]. 
(4-Chloro-o-tolylthlo) acetic acid. 
N-(5-Chloro-o-tolyl)-N-methylglyclne. 
( 4-Chloro-o-tolylthlo ) acetic acid . 
4-Chloro-3 , 5-xylenol . 

6-Amlno-3-chloro-2,5-xylenesulfonio acid [S03H=:l]. 
(4-Chloro-2,5-xylylthio)acetlc acid. 
4,5-Dihydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisull'onic acid. 
Styrene . 

5-Am1no-2-naphthalenesulfonlc acid. 
8-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonio acid. 
5 (and 8 ) - Ami no-2-naphthalenesulf onlc acid. 
2-Methyl-p-anlsidine [ NH2=l] . 
5-Methyl-o-anisidlne [ NH2=l] • 
m-Methylanisole [CH30=l]. 
5-Hydroxy-m-toluenesulfonlc acid [ S03H=l]. 
2,3-Cresotlc acid. 
2,4-Cresotio acid. 
2,3-Cresotlc acid. 
p-Tolyl disulfide. 
m-Methylanlsole [CH30=l]. 
p-Isopropylbenzaldehyde . 
1, 2,4-Trimethylben2ene . 
2,4,5 -Trimethylani line . 
p-Isqpropylbenz aldehyde . 
Picolinonitrile. 
Niootinonltrlle . 
Isonicotlnonltrlle . 



6-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonlc acid. 

2- (p-Ami nophenyl ) -6-methylbenzothiazole . 

4 '-Methoxy-2- (p-methoxyphenyl) acetophenone . 

3-Methyl-l-phenyl-2-pyTazolln-5-ane . 

Proflavine base. 

5 -Methoxy-m-phenylenedi amine . 

3,3 '-Azoxydianl line. 

2,2 '-Dlamino-5,5 '-dlmethyl-3,3 '-blphenyldlsulfonic 

acid. 
1,1 -Iminobis[4-amliioanthraqulnone] . 
1,1 -Iminobls[4-aminoanthraqulaone] . 
1,1 -Tim" nobis [4-benzamidoanthraqulnone J . 
4,5 -Dlbenzamldo-1,1 -imlnodianthraqulnone. 
1,4-Diaminohystazarin. 
Acridine yellow. 
m-Tolldlne. 

4,4 -Methylenedi (m-toluidlne ) . 
Benzidine . 

5-Amlno-2-(p-aminoanllino)benzenesulfonlc acid. 
4,4' -Methylenedi aniline. 
4,4 '-Thlodianl line . 
3,3 -Diamlnocarbanlllde. 
4,4'-Thlodianlllne. 
3,3 -Diamlnocarbanlllde. 



186 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous naBies--Cbntinued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



2,6-Diamlnotoluene-<i-sulfonic acid 

Dlamylphenol 

l,5-Dianlllnoanthraqulnone-o,o' -dicarboxylic acid 

o-Dianlsidlne 

l,2-Di-p-anisyl-l,2-ethanedlol 

2,-4-01 (p-aniEyl)-3-ethylhexane 

2,4-01 (p-anlsyl)-3-ethylhexene 

a,p-Dianlsylglyool 

3,i-Dl(p-anlsyl)hexane 

l,l'-Dlanthraqulnonelmlne 

l,l'-Dlanthraqulnonylamine 

Dianthrimide 

Diazoamlnobenzene 

Dlazobenzene chloride 

,4j5'-Dlbenzaiiildo-l,l'-aminodianthraqulnone 

5,5'-Dibenzamldo-l,l'-lmlnodlanthraqulnone- 

Dlbenzanthrone- 

2,2'-Dibenzanthronyl 

13,13-Dlbenzanthronyl 

Dlbenzopyran 

Dlbenzopyrrole 

Dlbenzoyl 

'»,5-Dlbenzoylainldodlanthraquinonylamine 

A, <i'-Dlbenzoyldiainino-l,l' -dianthrimide 

Dibenzyl 

Dlbenzylaniline 

Dibenzyl dlsulphide 

Dibenzyl ether 

Dibenzyl sodium sulfanllate 

Dibromoamlnoanthraquinone 

7, 16-Dlbramo-6, 15-dihydro-5 , 9, 14, 18-anthrazlnetetrone 

p-Dibromodthydroxynaphthalene 

2,6-Dlbramo-l,5-dlhydroxynaphthalene 

<i,5-Diliromo-l,8-dlhydroxynaphthalene 

1,4-Dlehloro aniline 

2,5-Dlchloroanll±ne-'i-sulfonlo acid 

l,5-Dlchloro-4,8-anthraqulnonedlsulfonlc acid 

l,8-Dlchloro-4,5-anthraqulnonedisulfonic acid 

2,6-Dichlorobenzalchlorlde 

o,o'-Dlohlorobenzldine 

3,3 '-Dichlorobenzldlne base 

m,m'-Dlchlorobenzidtne hydrochloride 

2,4-Diohlorobenzyl chloride 

2,4-Dichlorobenzylidene chloride 

2,6-Dlchlorobenzylidene chloride 

2,5-Diohlorophenylhydrazlnesulfonic acid 

l-(2,5-Dlchlorophenyl)-5-pyrazolone-3-oarboxyllc acid 

2,5-Diohloro-4-sulfobenzenediazohydroxlde 

l-(2,5-Dlchloro-4-sulfophenyl)-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone- 

2,4-Diohloro-5- (p-toluenesulf onamido) -1-naphthol 

Dioresyldisulflde 

Dlcyclohexyl 

Diethanolaniline • 

Diethanol-m-toluldine 

1,4-Dlethoxybenzene 

N-(2,5-Dlethoxy-4-nitrophenyl)benzamide 

N-(2,5-Dlethoxyphenol)benzamide 

Diethylanlline-m-suLfonic acid 

Diformyl-m-tolylenedl amine 

1, 2-Dihydroaoenaphthylene 

9,10-Dihydroacrldlne 

1,4- Dihydro-4-oxo-2,6-pyridinedicarboxylic acid 

1,3-Dlhydroxyanthraquinone 

1,4-Dlhydroxyanthraqulnone 

1,5-Dihydroxyanthraquinone 

1, 8-Dihydroxyanthraqulnone 

2, 6-Dlhydroxyanthraqulnone 

2,4-Dihydroxybenzoic acid 

Dlhydroxybiphenyl 

2,3-Dlhydroxy-l,4-diaminoanthraqulnone 

Dlhydroxydibenzanthrone 

5,5 '-Dihydroxydi-2-naphthylamine-7,7 '-disulTonic acid 

l,5-DIhydroxy-4,8-dlnitroanthraquinone 

p,p'-Dlhydroxydiphenyldimethylmethane 

4,4 '-Dlhydroxydlphenylsulf one 

5,5-Dlhydroxy-7,7'-diBulfonlc-2,2'-dinaphthylamlne 

Dlhydroxyethylanlllne 

N,N-Di(P-hydroxyethyl) aniline 

Dlhydroxyethyl-3-toluldine 

N,N-Dl(P-hydroxyethyl)-m-toluidliie 

3' ,4' -Dihydroxy-2-methylamlnoacetophenone 



3,5-Dlamino-p-toluenesulfonic acid. 

2,4-Dipentylphenol . 

l,5-Dianlllno-2,6-anthraqulnonedlcarboxylic acid. 

3 , 3 '-Dimethoxybenzidine . 

1, 2-Dl (p-methoxyphenyl ) - 1, 2-ethanedlol . 

2,4-Di(p-methoxyphenyl)-3-ethylhexane. 

2,4-Di(p-methoxyphenyl)-3-ethylhexene. 

1,2-Di (p-methoxyphenyl) -1,2-ethanediol. 

3, 4-Di (p-methoxyphenyl )hexane . 

1,1'- Imlnodi'anthraqulnone . 

1, I'-Iminodianthraqulnone . 

l,l'-Iminodianthraqulnone. 

1, 3-Diphenyltrlazene . 

Benzenedlazonium chloride. 

4,5'-Dlbenzamido-l,l -Imlnodianthraquinone. 

l,l'-Iminobis [5-benzamldoanthraquinone] . 

Vlolanthrone . 

(4,4'-Bl-7H-benz[de] anthracen)-7,7'-dione. 

(3,3' -Bl-7H-benz [de] anthracen ) -7, 7 ' -dlone . 

Xanthene> 

Carbazole. 

Benzll. 

4,5'-Dibenzamldo-l,l'-lmlnodlanthraqainone. 

l,l'-Iminobls [4-benzamidoanthraquinone] . 

Bibenzyl . 

N-Phenyldlbenzylamine . 

Benzyl disulfide. 

Benzyl ether. 

N,N-Dibenzylsulfanlllc acid, sodium salt. 

l-Amlno-2,4-dibramoanthraquinone . 

7 , 16-Dlbrc«noindanthrene . 

4 , 5-Dlbromo-l , 8-naphthalenedlol . 

2,6-Dibramo-l,5-naphthalenedlol. 

4, 5-Dibromo-l, 8-naphthalenedlol . 

2,5-Dlciaoroanlllne. 

2,5-Dichlorosulfanillc acid [S03=l]. 

4,8-Diohloro-l,5-anthraquinonedisulfonic acid. 

4 , 5 -Diohloro-l, 8- anthraquinonedlsulf onic acid . 

a,a, 2, 6-Tetrachlorotoluene . 

3,3' -Dichlorobenzldlne . 

3,3' -Dichlorobenzldlne . 

2,2'-Dlchlorobenzidine hydrochloride. 

a, 2 , 4-Trlchlorotoluene . 

a, a, 2,4-Tetrachlorotoluene . 

cc, a, 2 , 6-Tetrachlorotoluene . 

2,5-Dlchloro-4-hydrazlnobenzenesulfonlc acid. 

l-(2,5-Dlchlorophenyl)-5-oxo-2-pyrazollne-3-carboxylic 

acid. 
2,6-Dichloro-4-hydroxydia2obenzenesull'onlc acid. 
2,5-Dlchloro-4-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolln-l-yl) 

benzenesulfonlc acid. 
N- ( 6 , 8-Dichloro-5 -hydroxy- l^naphthyl ) -p-toluene- 

sulf onamide [ SOsNHa^l] . 
p-Tolyl disulfide. 
Bioyclohexyl. 

2, 2 '- ( Phenylimlno ) diethanol . 
2,2 '-(m-Tolylimino)diethanol. 
p-Dlethoxybenzene . 
2 ', 5 '-Dlethoxy-4 '-nitrobenzanillde . 
2 ',5 '-Diethoxybenzanillde. 
N.N-Diethylmetanlllc acid [S03H=l]. 
N^,N'-Dlformyltoluene-2,5-dlamlne [CH3=1] . 
Acenaphthene . 
Acrldan. 
Chelldamlc acid. 
Xanthopurpurin . 
(Jiinizarln. 
Anthrarufin. 
Chrysazln. 
Anthraflavic acid. 
P-Resorcylic acid. 
Biphenol. 

1,4-Dlaminohyetazarin. 
16 , 17-Dlhydroxyviolanthrone . 
6,6'-Imlnobis[l-naphthol-3-3Ulfonlc acid]. 
4 , 8-Dinitroanthraruf in . 
4,4 -Isoprqpylldenedlphenol. 
4,4 '-Sulfonyldlphenol. 

6,6 -IminobiE[l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid J. 
2, 2 '-( Phenylimlno ) diethanol . 
2 , 2' - ( Phenylimlno ) diethanol . 
2, 2' - (m-Tolylimino}dlethanol. 
2,2'- (m-Tolyllmino )diethanol . 
Adrenalone . 



APPENDIX 



187 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names--Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



1,5-Dlhydroxynaphthalene 

2,3-Dlhydroxynaphthalene 

l,8-Dlhydroxynaphthalene-3,6-disulfonic acid 

l,8-DLhydroxynaphthalene-4^-sulfonio acid 

2,3-Dihydroxynaphthalene-6-sulfonic acid 

p-Di-p-hydroxyphenylpropane 

7,8-Diketoaoenaphthene 

2,3-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde 

3,4-Dijiiethoxybenzaldehyde 

o-Dlmethoxybenzene 

1,2-Diinethoxybenzene 

3,3'-Dimethoxybenzidine-"+,4'-diisocyanate 

<i,4'-Dimethoxybenzoin 

p,p'-Dimethoxybenzoylphenyloarbinol 

3,4-Dimethoxybenzyl alcohol 

3,3'-Dlmethoxy-'V,4'-blphenylbis[3-methyl-3- 

triazeneethanesulfonlc acid] . 
N, N '- (3,3' -Dlmethoxy-4,4'-blphenylenebisazo)bis (N- 

methyltaurine ) . 
2,2' -[3,3 '-(3,3'-Dimethoxy-'4,'i'-biphenylene)bis(l- 

methyldiazoamino )] di ( ethanesulf onio acid ) . 
l,l'-(3,3'-Dimethoxy-4,4'-biphenylene)bis(3-methyl-3- 

(sulfoethyl)triazene) . 

Di-p-methoxyethylchaloone 

'i,4'-Dlmethoxy-a-hydroxy-a-phenylacetone 

N-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-nitrophenyl)benzaiiiide 

N-(2,5-Dlmethoxyphenyl)benzamide 

Dimethylacetanilide 

Dimethylaminoacetylcatechol 

4-Dimethylamino-2,3-dimethyl-l-phenyl-3-pyrazolin-5- 

one. 

N,N-Dimethyl-3-aminophenol 

Dime thy lani line 

Pimethylbenzene 

2 ',4-Dlmethylbenzenesulfonanilide 

2,2'-Dimethylbenzidine 

3j3'-Dimethylbenzidine 

2,'i-Dimethyi-5-tert-butylapetophenone 

l,3-Dimethyl-5-tert-butylbenzene 

2,7-Dimethyloeroxanol 

Dimethyldianthraquinonyl 

2,2'-Diiiiethyl-l,l-dianthraqalnonylamine 

Dimethylhydroresoroinol 

3,3''-Dimethyl-4,4 '-methylenediphenyl isooyanate 

Dimethyl- a-naphthy lamina 

2,3-Dimethyl-5-oxo-l-phenyl-3-pyTazoline-4-carboxylic 
acid. 

2,3-Dimethyl-l-phenyl-3-pyrazolin-5-one 

2, 7-Dimethylqu incline 

Dinaphtho[l,2,3-cd,l',2',3'-lm]perylene-9,18-dione 

Dlnaphtho[l,2,3-cd,3',2',l'-lm]perylene-5,10-dione 

1,4- Dinitrobenzene . 

2,4-Dinitrobenzene 

Dinitrochlorobenzene 

DinitrochlorobenzenesuLfonlc acid 

3,5-Dinitro-4-chlorobenzoio acid 

2,6-Dinitro-4-chlorophenol 

Dinitro-o-cyclohexylphenol 

4,4'-Dinitro-l,l'-dianthraquinonylamine 

Dinitrodibenzanthronyl 

Dinitrohydroxydiphenylamlne 

Dinitrotetramethyldiaminodiphenylmethane 

2,4-Dinitrotoluenesulfonic acid 

1, 2-Dioxoaoenaphthene 

Dioxy S acid 

Diphenol 

Diphenyl 

2,4-Diphenylamlne-l-hydroxyanthraquinone 

2,4-Diphenylamlno-l-oxyanthraquinone 

Dlphenylcarbazide 

Diphenyleneimine 

Diphenylene oxide 

Diphenyl epsilon acid 

Diphenyl ether 

Diphenyl ketone 

Diphenylmethanol 

Diphenyl oxide 

l,3-Diphenyl-2-propen-l-one 

Diphenyl silicon dichloride 

lj3_Diphenylurea 

N,N-Diphenylurea 

sym-Diphenylurea 

Dipyrazoledlanthrone 



1,5-Naphthalenedlol. 

2, 3-Naphthalenediol . 

4,5-Dihydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonlc acid. 

4,5-Dihydroxy-l-naphthalenesulfonlc acid. 

6,7-Dihydroxy-2-naphthaleneBulfonic acid. 

4,4'-Isopropylldlnedlphenol. 

Acenaphthenequinone . 

o-Veratraldehyde . 

Veratraldehyde . 

Ve rat role . 

Veratrole. 

Isooyanic acid, 3,3'-dimethoxy-4,4'-biphenylene 

ester. 
p-Anlsoin. 
p-Anisoin. 
Veratryl alcohol. 
3 , 3 '-Dimethoxy-4,4' -bis [ 3-methyl-3-sulf oethyltriazen- 

1-yl] biphenyl. 
3, 3' -Dimethoxy-4,4' -bis [3-methyl-3-su If oe thy Itriazen- 

1-yl] biphenyl . 
3, 3' -Dimethoxy-4,4' -bis[3-methyl-3-su If oethyltrlaz en- 

1-yl] biphenyl. 
3, 3' -Dimethoxy-4,4' -bis[3-me thy 1-3-su If oethyltri azen- 

1-yl] biphenyl. 
a-Ethyl-4 , 4' -dimethoxyohaloone . 
p-Anisoin. 

2',5'i-Dimethoxy-4'-nitrobenzanilide. 
2 ',5 '-Dimethoxybenzanilide . 
Acetoxylidide . 

3 ',4 '-Dihydroxy-2-dimethylaminoacetophenone. 
Amlnopyrine . 

m- ( Dimethylamlno )phenol . 

Xylidine . 

xylene . 

p-Toluenesulf ono-o-toluidide . 

m-Tolidine . 

o-Tolidine . 

2 '-tert-Butyl-4' , 6 '-dlmethylacetophenone . 

5-tert-Butyl-m- xylene . 

2, 8-Dimethyl-13b-hydroxy-9 ( 13b ) -ceroxenone . 

2, 2 '-Dimethyl -1, 1 '-bianthraquinone . 

1,1'-Ttii1 nobis [2-methylanthraqutnone] . 

Dimethyl-1, 3-oyolohe;xanedione . 

teocyanlo acid, 2,2'-dimethyl-4,4'-methylenedi- 

phenylene ester. 
N,N-Dimethyl-l-naphthylamine . 
Antipyrio acid. 

Antipyrine . 

m-Toluquinaldine . 

Isovlolanthrone . 

Violanthrone. 

p-Dinitrobenzene . 

m-Dinltrobenzene . 

l-Chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene . 

4-Chloro-3,5-dinitrobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 

4-Chloro-3,5-dinitrobenzoic acid [C0OH=l]. 

4-Chloro-2, 6-dinitrophenol [ 0H=1 ] . 

2-Cyclcihexyl-4,6-dinitrophenol [ OH=l] . 

1,1 '-Tim'nobis [4-nitroanthraquinone ] . 

Dlnitro(3,3 '-bi-7H-benz [de] anthracene) -7, 7 '-dione. 

p-(2,4-Diiiitroanilino)phenol. 

4,4' -Methylenebis [N,N-dimethyl-2-nitroaniline] . 

3,5-Dlnltro-o-toluenesulfonlc acid [S03H=l]. 

Acenaphthenequinone . 

4,5-Dihydroxy-l-naphthalenesulf onic acid . 

Biphenol. 

Biphenyl. 

2,4-Dianilino-l-hydroxyanthraquinone . 

2,4-Dianilino-l-hydroxyanthraquinone . 

1, 5-Diphenylcarbohydrazide . 

Carbazole. 

Dlbenzpfuran. 

8-Diphenylamino-l,6-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

Phenyl ether. 

Benzophenone . 

Benzhydrol. 

Phenyl ether. 

Chaloone . 

Diohlorophenylsilane . 

Carbanilide. 

Carbanllide. 

Carbanilide. 

[3,3'-Bianthra[l,9]pyrazole]-6,6'(2H,2'H)-dione. 



188 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names --Continued 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



1,3-Di-p-toluldineantliraquinone 

1,4-Di-p-toluidineanthraquinone 

l,3-Di(p-tolylaiiiiiio)anthraquinone 

1,4— Di-p-tolylaminoanthraquinone 

S-Dixenylthiourea 

Durene 

N-Ethanol-N-ethyl-A-nitrosoanlline 

2-Ethanolpyridine 

2-Ethoxy aniline 

4—Ethoxy aniline 

2-Ethoxy-6-sulfonaphthalene 

Ethyl-p-aminotenzoate 

Ethyl-o-amlno-p-cresol 

Ethylaniline (mono) 

N,N-Ethylbenzylaniline 

Ethylbenzylanilinesulfonic acid 

Ethylbenzyl-m-toluidine 

Ethylbenzyl-m-toluidino-o-sulfonic acid 

Ethyleneglycol monophenylether 

Ethyl hydrol 

N-Ethyl-N-(P-hydroxyethyl) aniline 

Ethyl ketone base 

2-[l-Ethyl-3-(2-methoxy-5-nitrophenyl)diazoamlno]-5 
sulfobenzoic acid. 

5-Ethyl-2-methylpyridine 

p-Ethylnltrobenzene 

Ethyl-p-nitrobenzoate 

Ethyl-p-nitrobenzoylacetate 

Ethyl phenyl ether 

Ethylsulfobenzylaniline 

N-Ethyl-o-toluidine-p-sulfonic acid 

Fast red TR base 

p-Formylanillne 

p-Fonnyl-N,N-diethylanillne 

4-Formyl-3-pyTazolin-5-one 

G acid 

Gamma acid 

Gamma disulfo acid 

Glycerolmonoethylaniline-"-'- 

H acid 

Halocrin 

Hexahydrobenzoio acid 

Hexahydropyridine 

Homophthalie acid 

a-m-Homosalicylic acid 

p-Homosalicylic acid 

Homoveratric acid 

o-Homoveratrlc acid 

Homoveratronitrlle 

Hcmoveratrylamine 

1,2-1,2-Hydrazinedibromoanthraquinone 

Hydrol 

Hydroquinone dimethyl ether 

l-Hydroxy-4-aminoanthraquinone 

7-Hydroxycoumarin 

4- Hydroxydiphenol 

P-Hydroxyethyl-o-chloroaniline 

Hydroxyethylethylaniline 

Hydroxyethylmethylaniline 

N-(P-Hydroxyethyl)-N-methylaniline 

Hydroxyethyl-3-toluidine 

2-Hydroxymetanilio acid 

4-Hydroxymetanlllc acid 

2-Hydroxy-3-methoxybenz aldehyde 

2-Hydroxy-3-methylben2oic acid 

2-Hydroxy-4-methylbenzoic acid 

2-Hydroxy-5-methylbenzo'ic acid 

7-Hydroxy-4-methylcciumarin 

2-Hydroxy-5-nitrametanilic acid 

4-Hydroxy-5-nitrometanilic acid 

2-Hydroxyphenetole 

p-Hydroxyphenylarsonio acid 

p-Hydroxyphenyl-n-butylamine 

3-(p-Hydroxyphenyl)hydratropic acid 

N-(p-Hydroxyphenyl)-2-naphthylamlne 

P-(p-Hydroxyphenyl)-a-phenylpropionio acid 



1 , 3-Di (p-toluidino ) anthraqulnone . 
1,4-Di (p-toluidino ) anthraqulnone . 
1, 3-Di (p-toluidino ) anthraqulnone . 
1,4-Di (p-toluidino) anthraqulnone . 
4,4'-Diphenylthiocarbanilide . 
1 , 2 , 4 , 5 -Tet ramethy Ibenzene . 



2-(N-Ethyl-4-nitrosoanilino)ethanol. 
2-Pyridineethanol . 
o-Phenetidine [ NHj =l] • 
p-Phenetidine [ NH2 =l] • 
6-Ethoxy-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid . 
p-Aminobenzoic acid, ethyl ester. 
3-Ethylamino-p-cresol [OH=l]. 
N-Ethylanl line . 
N-Ethyl-N-phenylbenzylamine . 

a-(N-Ethylanilino)-p-tolueneEulfonic acid [SOsH^l]. 
N-Benzyl-N-ethyl-m-toluidine [ NH2=l]. 
4-(N-Benzyl-N-ethylamino)-o-toluenesulfonic acid 

[ SO3H =1] . 
2-Phenoxyethanol . 
4,4 -Bls[diethylamino)benzhydrol. 
2- ( N-Ethylanilino ) ethanol . 
4,4 -Bis[diethylaiiiino]benzophenone. 
2-[l-Ethyl-3-(2-methoxy-5-nitrophenyl)triazen-3- 

yl]-5-sulfobenzoic acid. 
5-Ethyl-2-picoline . 
l-Ethyl-4-nitrobenzene . 
p-Nitrobeuzoic acid, ethyl ester. 
p-Nitrobenzoylacetic acid, ethyl ester. 
Phenetole . 

a- ( N-Ethylanilino )-p-toluenesulf onic acid [SOsH^l]. 
3-Ethylamino-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 



4-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=l]. 
p-Aminobenaaldehyde . 
p-(Diethylamino)benzaldehyde. 
5-0xo-3-pyTazoline-4-carboxaldehyde. 



2-Naphthol-6,8-disulfonlc acid. 
7-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
7-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 
3- ( N-Ethylanilino ) -1, 2-propanediol . 



8-Amlno-l-naphthol-3,6-disuli'onic acid. 

6,9-Dichloro-2-methoxyacridine. 

Cyclohexanecarboxylic acid. 

Piperidine . 

a-Carboxy-o-toluio acid. 

2,4-Cresotic acid [C00H=l]. 

2,5-Cresotic acid [COOH=l] . 

( 3, 4-Dimethoxyphenyl) acetic acid. 

(2,3-Dimethoxyphenyl)acetic acid. 

( 3 , 4-Dimethoxyphenyl ) acetonit rile . 

3 , 4-Dimethoxyphenethylamine , 

7, 16-Dibromoindanthrene . 

4,4'-Bis(dimethylamino)benzhydrol. 

p-Dlmethoxybenzene . 

l-Amino-4-hydroxyanthraquinone . 

Umbellif erone . 

p-Phenylphenol . 

2- ( o-Chloroanilino )ethanol . 

2- ( N-Ethylanilino ) ethanol . 

2- ( N-Methylanilino) ethanol . 

2-(N-Methylanillno)ethanol. 

2-(m-Toluidino)ethanol. 

6-Amino-l-phenol-2-sulXonic acid. 

2-Amino-l-phenol-4-sulf onic acid . 

o-Vanillin. 

2,3-Cresotic acid [ COOH=l] . 

2,4-Cresotio acid [ COOH^l] . 

2,5-Cresotic acid [ COOH=ll . 

4-Methylumbellif erone . 

6-Amlno-4-nitro-l-phenol-2-sulfonio acid. 

2-Amino-6-nitro-l-phenol-4-sulfonic acid. 

o-Ethoxyphenol . 

p-Hydroxybenzenearsonio acid [AsOjHa^l], 

p-Butylamlnophenol. 

a-Phenylphloretic acid. 

p-2-Naphthylaminophenol . 

a-Phenylphloretic acid. 



APPENDIX 



189 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names--Conti 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



3-(p-Hydroxyphenyl)-2-phenylproplonlo acid 

4-Hydroxypyrldlne-2,6-dicarboxyllc acid 

8-Hydroxyqulnollne 

m-Hydroxytoluene 

o-Hydroxytoluene 

p-Hydroxytoluene 

6-Hydroxy-m-toluidlne [ NH2=l] 

2-Hydroxy-p-tolulc acid 

I aold — 

I acid Imide 

2,2 '-(l,3-Indandione)qulnollne 

Isobutyl p-nitrobenzoate 

Isodlbenzanthrone 

p-Isopropylanlline 

Isopropylbenzene 

Isopropyl p-toluenesulfonate 

J acid 

J acid imide 

J acid urea 

K acid - 

Koch's acid 

Lake red C amine 

Laurent 's acid 

Lead styphnate 

Lead trinitroresorcinate 

Leuco-l,<t-di(methylamino)anthraqulnone 

Methandrone 

Methane base-- 

Methane salt 

o-Methoxyaoetanilide 

p-Methoxyaoetanilide 

'l-Methoxy-<i'-aminodiphenylamlne 

2-Methoxy-'i-amlnodiphenylamine-2 -sulfonic acid 

Methoxyaniline 

o-Methoxyanilinomethanesulfbnic acid 

2-(o-Methoxyanilino)-5-nitrobenzenesulfonio acid 

o-Methoxyanilino-p-sulfonic acid 

Methojcybenzene 

p-Methoxybenzoic acid 

A-Methoxy-S -chloro-6 -carboxydiphenylamine 

2-Methoxy-6,9-dichloroacrldine 

A -Methoxy-4-nitrodiphenylamine-2'-sulfonio acid 

2-[ 3- ( 2-Methoxy-4-nitrophenyl ) -1-methyltriazeno] -5- 
suLfobenzoic acid. 

A-Jfethoxy-m-toluidine [CH3=lJ 

6-Methoxy-m-toluidine [NH2=1] 

[ 3- (6-Methoxy-m-tolyl) -1-methyltriazeno] acetic acid 

4-Methyl-'i-aminodiphenylamine-2-sulfonic acid 

Methylaminosulfobenzoio acid 

o-Methylanlline 

Methylaniline (mono) 

2-Methylbenzanthrone 

Methylbenzoio acid 

Methylenebis(toluenedi amine) 

AjA'-Methylenebisfo-tolyllsocyanate] 

Methylenedi-p-phenyleneisooyanate 

"i^i'-Methylenediphenylisocyanate 

Methylenedi-o-tolylene isocyanate 

2-Methyl-5-ethylpyrldlne (MEP) 

4— Methyl-7-hydroxyooumarin 

Methyl-p-hydroxy-m-nltrobenzoate 

l-Jfethyl-i-hydroxyquinolone 

3-Methyl-<i-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzene 

sulfonic acid. 
3-Methyl-l- ( 2-methyl-4— suLf ophenyl) -5-pyrazolone 

N-(5-Methyl-4-nitro-o-anisyl)-p-toluenesulfonamlde- 

2-Methyl-5-nitrodiphenylamine 

3-Methyl-l- (m-nitrophenyl)-5-pyrazolone 

m-Methylphenol 



a-Phenylphloretic acid. 
Chelldamic acid. 
8-Quinolinol. 
m-Cresol rOH=l]. 
o-Cresol [OH=l] . 
p-Cresol [ 0H=l] . 
2-Amino-p-oresol [OH=l]. 
2,<i-Cresotic acid [C0OH=l]. 



6- Ami no-l-naphthol-3-sulf onic acid. 

6,6 '-Imlnobis [l-naphthol-3-8Ulfonic acid ] . 

(Jiinophthalone . 

p-Nitrobenzoio acid, isobutyl ester. 

Isoviolanthrone . 

Cumidlne . 

Cumene. 

p-Toluenesulf onio acid, isopropyl ester [ S03H=l] , 



6-itailno-l-naphthol-3-sulfonlo acid. 

6,6 '-Iminobis [l-naphthol-3-sulf onic acid] . 

6,6 '-Ureylenebis [l-naphthol-3-sulf onic acid]. 



8-Am±no-l-naphthol-3,5-disulfonic acid. 
8-Amino-l,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonio acid. 



2-Amlno-5-chloro-p-toluenesulf onio acid [ S03H=1] . 

5-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonio acid. 

Styphnio acid, lead salt. 

Styphnic acid, lead salt. 

1, 4-Dimethyl8mino-9 , 10- anthradiol . 



3 ', 4 '-Dihydroxy-2- ( dimethylamlno ) aoetophenone . 

4-, 4 '-Methylenebls [N,N-dimethylaniline] . 

4,4'-Methylenebis [3-hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid ] . 

o-Aoetanisidide . 

p-Aoetanisidide, 

N- (p-Methoxyphenyl) -p-phenylenediaiiine . 

o-(4-Amino-2-anisidino)benzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 

Anisidine [NHa^l]- 

o-Anisidinomethanesulfonlo acid. 

2-(o-Anisidlno)-5-nltrobenzenesulfonlo acid. 

4-Methoxymetanilic acid [S03H=l]. 

Anisole. 

Anisic acid [COOH=l]. 

4-Chloro-N-(p-methoxyphenyl)anthranilie acid 

[C0OH=l]. 
6 , 9-Diohloro-2-methoxyacridine . 

2-(p-Anisidino)-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
2- [3- ( 2-Methoxy-4-nitrophenyl ) -l-methyltriazen-3-yl] - 

5-sulfobenzoic acid. 
5-Methyl-o-anisidine [ NH2=l] . 
5-Methyl-o-anisidine [ NHj^l] . 
[3- ( 6-Methoxy-m-tolyl) -l-methyltriazen-3-yl] acetic 

acid. 
5-Am1no-2-(p-toluidino)benzene sulfonic acid. 
N-Methyl-5-sulfoanthranllic acid. 
o-Toluidine [NHa^l]- 
N-Methylaniline . 

2-Methyl-7H-benz [de] anthracen-7-one. 
p-Toluic acid [COOH=l]. 
5,5 -Methylenebis [toluene-2,4-diamine]. 
Isocyanlc acid, 3,3'-dlmethyl-4,4'-methylenedi- 

phenylene ester. 
Isocyanio acid, methylenedi-p-phenylene ester. 
Isocyanic acid, methylenedi-p-phenylene ester, 
Isocyanlc acid, 3,3 '-dimethyl -4,4' -methylenedi- 

phenylene ester. 
5-Ethyl-2-picollne . 
4-Methylumbellif erone . 

p-Hydroxy-m-nltrobenzoio acid, meth;yl ester. 
l-Methyl-4 ( IH) -quinolone . 
4- (3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin'l-yl )-m-toluene- 

sulf onic acid [ S03H=l] . 
4-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)-m-toluene- 

sulfonic acid. 
N-(5-Methyl-4-nltro-o-methoxyphenyl)-p-toluene- 

sulf onamide . 
5-Nitro-N-phenyl-o-toluidine [MH2=l] . 
3-Methyl-l-(m-nitrophenyl)-2-pyrazolin-5-one. 
m-Cresol [ OH=l] . 



I90 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names--Continued 



Ccmmon name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



o-Methylphenol 

p-Methylphenol 

4-Methyl-m-phenylenediisooyanate 

3-Methyl-l-phenyl-5-pyrazolone 

Methylphenylpyrazolone-3-sulfonio acid — 

Methylphenylpyra2olone-4— sulfonic acid 



2-Methylpiperidine 

4- ( 3-Methyl-5-pyrazolone ) -m-toluenesulf onio aoid- 



Methylpyridine 

2-Methylqji incline 

3-Methyl-l-(m-sulfophenyl)-2-pyrazolin-5-one 

3-Methyl-l-(p-sulfophenyl)-2-pyTazolin-5-one 

Methylsulfophenylpyrazolone, mixed 

3-Methyl-l-Cp-sulfophenyl)-5-pyrazolone 



Methyl-p-toluenesulf onate 

P-Methylumbelliferone 

2-Methyl-5-vinylpyridine (MVP)- 

Michler's hydrol 

Miohler's ketone 

MDnobromobenzene 

Monoohlorobenzene 



Naphthalene sodium sulfonates 

Naphthalene-P-thioglyoolic acid 

2(lH)-peri-Naphthazolone 

o-Naphthionio acid 

a-Naphthol 

P-Naphthol - — — 

l-Naphthol-8-chloro-3,6-disulfonic acid 

2-Naphthol ethyl ether 

Naphthosulfoohloride 

1,8-Naphthosultone 

Naphthylacetonitrile 

a-Naphthylamine 

P-Naphthylamine 

l-Naphthylaiiiine-3,6-disulfonio acid 

l-Naphthylamine-3,8-disulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-4-,7-disulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-4,8-disulfonio acid 

2-Naphthylamine-l,5-disulfonio acid 

2-Naphthylamine-3,6-disulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-4,8-disulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-5,7-disulfonio acid 

2-Naphthylamine-6,8-disulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylaniine-2-sulfonic- acid 

l-Naphthylamine-3-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-4-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-5-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamlne-6-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-6(and 7)-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-7-sulfonic acid 

1-Naphthylami ne-8-sulf onic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-l-sulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-5-sulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-6-sulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-8-sulfonio acid 

l-Naphthylamine-3,6,8-trieulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-3,6,8-trisulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylaniino-2-carboxylio acid anthraquinone- 

1-Naphthylisocyanate 

<x-Naphthyl isooyanate 

2-Naphthylmeroaptoacetic acid 

Naphthylmethanesulfonic acid 

P-Naphthylthioglycolic acid 

Nevile & Winther's acid 

3-Nitro-'4-aminoanisole [ CH30=1] 

'l-Hitro-2-aminoanisole [ CH30=r 

5-Nltro-2-amlnoanisole [ CH30=l' 

6-Nitro-2-aminoanisole [ CH30=1] 

o-Nitro-p-aminophenol 

p-Nltro-o-aminophenol ^- 

5-Nitro-o-aininophenol 

'i-Nitro-2-amlnophenol-6-sulfanlc acid 

6-Nitro-2-aminophenol-'i-sulfonic acid 

4-Nitro-A'-amino-2-sulfodiphenylamlne 

5-Nitro-2-aninotoluene [CH3=l] 



o-Cresol [0H=1]. 

p-Cresol [0H=1]. 

Isocyanic acid, 4-methyl-m-phenylene ester. 

3-Methyl-l-phenyl-2-pyrazolln-5-one. 

m-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyra2olln-l-yl)benzenesulfonio 

acid. 
p-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyra2olin-l-yl)benzenesulfonio 

acid. 
2-Pipecoline . 
4- (3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl) -m-toluenesulf onic 

acid. 
Picoline. 
Quinaldine. 
m-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic 

acid. 
p-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)ben2enesulfonic 

acid. 
m( and p ) - ( 3-Methyl-5 -oxo-2-pyrazolin- 1-yl )ben2ene- 

sulfonic acid. 
p-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic 

acid. 
p-Toluenesulfonic acid, methyl ester [S03H=l]. 
<V-Methylumbellif erone . 
5-Vinyl-2-piooline . 
4-, 4 ' -Bis [ dimethylamino] benzhydrol . 
4 , 4' -Bis [ dimethylamino] benzophenone . 
Bromobenzene . 
Chlorobenzene (mono). 



NaphthalenesuLfonic acids, sodium salt (mixed). 

(2-Naphthylthio) acetic acid. 

Naphthostyril. 

l-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

1-Naphthol. 

2-Naphthol. 

8-Chloro-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid, 

2-Ethoxynaphthalene . 

1-Naphthalenesulfonyl chloride. 

l-Naphthol-8-sulfonic acid sultone. 

Naphthaleneacetonitrile . 

1-Naphthylamine . 

2 -Naphthylamine . 

5-Amino-2, 7-naphthalenedisulf onic acid . 

8-Amino-l, 6-naphthalenedisulf onic acid . 

4-Amino-l,6-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

4-Amino-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

2-Ann'no-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonie acid. 

3-Am1no-2, 7-naphthalenedisulf onic acid. 

3-Amino-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

6-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonio acid . 

7-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

l-Jtalno-2-napthalenesulfonio acid. 

4-Amino-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid . 

Naphthionic acid. 

5-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonlc acid. 

5-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

5 (and 8 ) - Ami no-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid. 

8-Aini no-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid. 

8-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

2-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

6-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

6-Amlno-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

7-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

8-Amlno-l, 3, 6-naphthalenetrisulf onic acid . 

7-Amino-l,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid. 

l-(l-Naphthylaniino)-2-anthraquinonecarboxylle acid. 

Isocyanic acid, 1-naphthyl ester. 

Isocyanic acid, 1-naphthyl ester. 

(2-Naphthylthio) acetic acid. 

1-Naphthalenemethanesulfonic acid. 

(2-Naphthylthio) acetic acid. 

l.-Naphthol-4-sulfonio acid. 

2-Nltro-p-anisidine [NH2=i]. 

5-Nitro-o-anisidtne [NH2=1]. 

4-Nitro-o-anisidine [nH2=1]. 

3-Nitro-o-anisidiiie [nH2=i]. 

4-Amino-2-nitrophenol . 

2-Amino-4-nitrophenol . 

2-Amino-5-ultrophenol. 

6-Amino-4-nitro-l-phenol-2-sulfonic acid. 

2-Amino-6-nitro-l-phenol-4-sulfonio acid. 

2- (p-Aminoanilino ) -5-nitrobenzenesulf onio acid . 

4-Nitro-o-toluidine [NH2=i]. 



APPENDIX 



191 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names- -Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



p-Nitroanlline-o-suLfonlc acid 

m-Nitro-p-anisidine [CH30=l] 

3-Nitro-p-anisidine [CHsO^lj 

4-Nitro-2-anisidine [ CHjOsl]--- 

5-Nitro-2-anisidine [ CH30=1]--- 

2-Nitroanisole-'i-sulfodiethylamide 

l-Nitroanthraquinone-2-carboxylio acid 

Nitrobenzene-2,5-disulfonic acid 

l-Nitrobenzene-i-sulfonic acid 

2-Nitrobenzenesulfonio acid 

3-Nitrobenzenesulfonio acid 

3-Nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

m-Nitrobenzoyl J acid 

p-Nitrobenzoyl J acid 

m-Nitrochlorobenzene 

o-Nitrochlorobenzene 

p-Nitrochlorobenzene 

2-Nitro-l-chlorobenzene-'i-sulfobutylamide 

2-Nitro-l-chlorobenzene-4-sulfodiethylamide 

o-Nitrochlorobenzene-p-sulfonic acid 

p-Nitrochlorobenzene-o-sulfonic acid 

3-Nitro-i-chlorobenzoylbenzoic acid 

4-Nitro-6-chloro-l,3-dimethoxybenzene 

2-Nitro-4-chlorophenol 

2-Nitro-4-chlorophenol-6-sulfonio acid 

m-Nitro-p-chlorotoluene 

o-Nitro-p-ohlorotoluene 

p-Nitro-o-chlorotoluene 

2-Nitro-'4-chlorotoluene 

m-Nitro-p-cresol [CH3=l] 

Nitrocresyl methyl ether 

Nltro-p-dlchlorobenzene 

o-Nitrodlphenyl 

p-Nitrodiphenyl 

<»-Nitro-2-diphenylaminesulfonio acid 

A-Nitrodiphenylaiiiiiio-2-sulfonic acid 

2-Nitrohydroquinone, diethyl ether 

2-Nitrohydroquinone, dimethyl ether 

3-Nitro-4-hydroxy-l-phenylarsonlo acid 

6-Nitro-'i-methoxy-3-amlnotoluene [CH3=l] 

2-Nitro-4-methoxy-5-(p-toluenesuironann.do)toluene- 



4-Nitro-l-methylaniliiie-- 

l-Nitro-2-methylanthraqulnc(ne 

2-Nitronaphthalene-4,8-disulfonic acid 

7-Nitro-i,5-naphthalenedlsulfonio acid 

4-Nitronaphthalic acid tolylimide 

2-Nitro-l-phenol-4,6-disulfonio acid 

3-Nitrophenylhydrazine 

p-(p-Nitrophenylmercapto) aniline 

l-(m-Nltrophenyl)-5-pyTazolone-3-carboxylic acid — 

Nitropyrazolonecarboxylic acid 



p-Nitrosodiethylaniline 

p-Nitrosodimethylaniline 

Nitroso-P-naphthol 

3-Nitro-5-stearoylamino-p-toluenesulfonlc acid 



4-Nitrotolueneanlllde 

6-Nitro-3- (p-toluenesulf one ) amlno-4-methoxytoluene- 



4 -Mitro-p-toluenesulfone-o-toluide 

o-Nitrotoluenesulfonic acid 

p-Nitrotoluene-o-sulfonlc acid 

m-Nit^o-o-toluidI^^e [CH3=l] 

m-Nitro-p-toluidine [CH3=1 

p-Nitro-o-toluidine [CH3=1 

3-Nitro-4-toluldine [CH3=1 — 

4-Nitro-2-toluidine [ CH3=l] 

5-Nitro-2-toluidine [CH3=l]- 

Nltrotoluidine sulfone 

6-Nitro-o-toluldlne-4-sulfonlc acid 

N-(4-Nitro-o-tolyl) -p-toluenesulf onamide- 

5-Nitro-l,2,4-trlohlorobenzene 

Nitroviolanthrene 

p-Nitro-o-xylene 

4-Nitro-l,3-xylene 

2-Nitro-l,4-xylol - 

4-Nitro-l,3-xylol 



Orthanilic acid 

Oxalyl-p-nitroaniltne 

Qxalyl-p-nitrophenylamine- 



2-Amino-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid. 

2-Nitro-p-anisidine [NH2=1]- 

2-Nitro-p-anisidine [ NH2=1] . 

5-Nitro-o-aniEidine [ NH2=11 . 

4-Nitro-o-anisidine [ NH2=l] . 

N,N-Diethyl-3-nitro-p-methoxybenzeneeulfonamlde. 

l-Nitro-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid . 

2-Nitro-p-benzenedlsulfonlc acid. 

p-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=1]. 

o-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=lJ. 

m-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 

m-Nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride [S03Cl=l]. 

6-(m-Nitrobenzamldo)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonio acid. 

6- (p-Nitrobenzamido ) -l-naphthol-3-sulf onic acid . 

l-Chloro-3-nitrobenzene . 

l-Chloro-2-nitrobenzene . 

l-Chloro-4-nltrobenzene . 

N-Butyl-4-ohloro-3-nltrobenzenesuironamide. 

4-Chloro-N,N-diethyl-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamlde. 

4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonio acid. 

2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid. 

o-(4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzoyl)benzolo acid. 

6-Chloro-l,3-dimethoxy-4-nitrobenzene. 

4-Chloro-2-nitrophenol. 

4-Chloro-6-nitro-l-phenol-2-sulf onic acid . 

4-Chloro-3-nitrotoluene . 

4-Chloro-2-nitrotoluene. 

2-Chloro-4-nitrotoluene. 

4-Chloro-2-nitrotoluene . 

2-Nitro-p-oresol [OH=l] . 

4-Methyl-2-nltroanisole [CH30=l]. 

l,4-Dichloro-2-nltrobenzene . 

2-Nitroblphenyl . 

4-Nitrobiphenyl. 

2-Anlllno-5-nltrobenzenesull'onio acid [S03H=1]. 

2-AnHlno-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=1]. 

1 , 4-Diethoxy-2-nitrobenzene . 

l,4-Dimethoxy-2-nitrobenzene . 

4-Hydroxy-3-nitrobenzenearsonic acid . 

5-Methyl-4-nitro-o-anlsldlne [NH2=i]. 

N-(5-Methyl-4-nltrQ-o-methoxyphenyl) -p-toluenesulf on- 
amide. 

5-Nltro-o-toluidine [NH2=1]. 

2-Methyl-l-nltroaiithraqu inane . 

3-Nitro-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

3-Nitro-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

4-Nitro-N- (p-tolyl)naphthalimide . 

6-Nitro-l-phenol-2,4-disulfonlc acid. 

m-Nltrophenyliiydrazlne . 

p- (p-Nltrophenylthlo ) aniline . 

1- (m-Nitrophenyl ) -5-oxo-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic 
acid. 

1- (m-Nitrophenyl )-5-oxo-2-pyrazoline-3-oarboxylie 
acid. 

N, N-Diethyl-p-nitrosoaniline . 

N , N-Dimethy 1-p -nit ros oani line . 

l-Nitroso-2-naphthol. 

3-Nitro-5-stearoylamido-p-toluenesuLfonio acid 
[ S03H=1] . 

5-Nitro-n-phenyl-o-toluidine [NH2=l] • 

N- ( 5-Methyl-4-nitro-o-methoxyphenyl) -p-toluene- 
sulf onamide. 

4 -Nitro-p-toluenesulf ono-o-toluidide . 

3-Nitro-p-toluenesulfonio acid [S03H=l]. 

5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 

4-Nitro-o-toluidine [NH2=1]. 

2-Nitro-p-toluidine [NH2=1]. 

5-Nitro-o-toluidine [NH2=l]. 

2-Nitro-p-toluidine [NH2=l]. 

5-Nitro-o-toluidlne [NH2=l]. 

4-Nitro-o-toluidine [NHa^l]. 

4'-Nitro-p-toluenesulf ono-o-toluidide. 

4-Amino-5-nitro-m-toluenesulfonio acid [S03H=1]. 

4' -Nitro-p-toluenesulf ono-o-toluidide. 

l,2,4-Triohloro-5-nitrobenzene. 

16-Nltrovlolanthrone . 

4-Nitro-o-xylene . 

4-Nitro-m-xylene . 

2-Nitro-p-xylene . 

4-Nitro-m-xylene . 



o-Aminobenzenesulf onic acid [ S03H=1] , 
4 -Nitrooxanilic acid. 
4 -Nitrooxanilic acid. 



192 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names- -Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



Oxalyl-m-phenyldiamine 

Oxalyl-p-phenyldiamine 

4— 0xo-'»H-pyran-2,6-dicarboxylic acid 

2-Oxycarbazole 

a-Oxynaphthoic acid * 

P-Oxynaphthoic acid 

Pentaanthramide 

Peri acid 

Phenethylene 

Phenol, sodium salt 

1-Phenylaoetylcarbinol 

3-Phenylaorylophenone 

2-Phenylamine-5-naphthol-7-sulfonlo acid 

2-Phenylamine-8-naphthol-6-Eulfonic acid 

N-Phenylaniline ■. 

Phenylarsonio acid 

N-Phenylazoaniline 

Phenylbiphenyl 

Phenyl bromide 

l-Phenyl-3-carboxy-5-pyrazolone-4-sulfonic acid 

Phenyldiethanolamine 

N,N -p-Phenylenebis [acetamide] 

m-Fhenylenediaminedisulfonio acid 

m-Phenylenedlaminesulfonic acid 

p-Phenylenediaminesulfonic acid 

Phenylene nerol acid 

Phenylethanolamine 

Phenyl gamma acid 

Phenyliiydrazine-p-sulfouic acid 

Phenylhydrazine-2-sulfonic acid 

Phenylhydrazine-3-sulfonic acid 

N-Phenyl-N'-(P-hydroxyethyl)thiaurea 

Phenyl isocyanate 

Phenyl J acid 

Phenylmalonic ester 

Phenylmethanesulfonic acid 

Phenyl-p-naphthylamlne 

N-Phenyl-l-nephthylamine-S-sulfonic acid 

a-Phenyl-P-(4-oxophenyl)propionic acid 

Phenyl peri acid 

N-Phenyl-p-phenylenediaminesulfonic acid 

l-Phenyl-5-pyrazolone-3-carhoxylic acid, ethyl ester- 

Phenyl silicon chloride 

Phenylstyryl ketone 

l-Phenyl-'i'-sulfo-S-pyrazolone-S-carboxylic acid 

Phthalyl chloride 

3-Piperldino-l-propanol 

Piperidinopropyl alcohol 

Potassium-3-chloro-6-oarboxy-3 ' -methoxydiphenylamine- 

n-Propyl-p-nitrobenzoate 

Pseudocumene 

Pseudocumidine 

Purpuroxanthin . 

Pyrazole enthrone 

Pyrazoleanthrone yellow 

3-Pyrazolin-4-ylacetic acid 

3-Pyrazolone 

5-Pyrazolone 

Pyrazolone G 

Pyrazolone T 

2-Pyridylethanol 

R acid 

2R acid 

Red KB base-- -. 

Rhoduline acid 

S Acid 

2S (SS) acid 

Schaeffer 's acid 

Silver salt 

Sodium carbolate 

Sodium naphthionate 



3 '-Aminooxanllide . 
4 ' -Aminooxani lide . 
Chelidonic acid. 
2-Hydroxycarbazole . 
l-l^droxy-2-naphthoic acid. 
3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid. 

l,<i,5,8-Tetrald.s[l',l",l "',l""-anthraquinonyl- 

amino] anthr aquinone . 
3-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
Styrene . 

Sodium phenoxide. 
l-Hydroxy-l-phenyl-2-propanone . 
Chalcone . 

6-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
7-Anlllno-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
Dlphenylamine . 
Benzenearsonio acid. 
1,3-Diphenyltriazene . 
Terphenyl . 
Bromobenzene . 
5-0xo-l-(p-sulfophenyl)-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic 

acid. 
2 , 2 '- ( Phenylimino ) diethanol . 
N,N '- (p-Phenylene )bis[ acetamide ] . 
4, 6-Diamino-m-benzenedisuLf onic acid . 
2,'i-Diaminobenzenesulfonio acid. 
2,5-Diaminobenzenesulfonic acid. 
5-Amino-2-(p-aminoanilino)benzenesulfonic acid. 
2- Ani linoethanol". 

7-Anllino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
p-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
o-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid tS03H=l]. 
m-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
1- ( 2-Hydroxyethyl ) -3-phenyl-2-thiourea. 
Isocyanic acid, phenyl ester. 
6-Anllino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
Phenylmalonic acid, diethyl ester. 
a-Toluenesulfonic acid. 
N-Phenyl-2-naphthylamine . 
8-Anilino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
a-Phenylphloretic acid. 
S-Anilino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
5-Amino-2-anllinobenzenesuLfonic acid [S03H=l], 
5-0xo-l-phenyl-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid, 
, ethyl ester. 
Trichlorophenylsilane . 
Chalone . 
5-Oxo-l- (p-sulf ophenyl ) -2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic 

acid. 
Phthaloyl chloride. 
1-Piperidinepropanol . 
l-Piperidinepropanol . 
4-Chloro-N-(m-methoxyphenyl)anthranilic acid, 

potassium salt [ COOH=l] . 
p-Nitrobenzoic acid, n-propyl ester. 
1,2, i-Trimethy Ibenzene . 
2,'4,5-Trimethylaniline. 
Xanthopurpurin . 
Anthra [1,9] pyrazol-6 ( 2H ) -one . 

[3,3'-Bianthra[l,9]pyrazole]-6,6'(2H,2'H)-dione. 
3-Pyrazoline-'i-acetic acid. 
3-Pyrazolin-5-one . 
2-Pyrazolin-5-one . 
p-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic 

acid. 
5-0xo-l-(p-su If ophenyl )-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxy lie 

acid. 
2-Pyridineethanol . 



2-Naphthol-3,6-disulfonio acid. 
7-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonio acid. 
5-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=l]. 
6,6 '-Iminobis[ l-naphthol-3-sulf onic acid] . 



8-Amino-l-naphthol-5-sulf onic acid . 
8-Amino-l-naphthol-5,7-disulfonic acid. 
2-Naphthol-6-sulfonic acid. 
2-Anthraquinonesulfonic acid, sodium salt. 
Sodium phenoxide. 
Naphthlonic acid, sodium salt. 



APPENDIX 



193 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names- -Continued 



Common name 



Standard ((Jhemical Abstracts) name 



Sodium phenate 

Sodium phenolate 

Sodium-o-phenylphenolate 

Sodium tetraohlorophenolate 

Sodium triohlorophenolate 

Styrol 

Sulfo BB acid --- 

o-Sulfobenzaldehyde 

"i-Sulfo-o-benzoylbenzoic acid 

l-Sulfo-5-nitroanthraquinone 

Sulfophenylmethylpyrazolone 

l-Sulfophenyl-5-pyrazolone-3-oarboxylio aoid- 



Tetraamlnoditolylmethane 

Tetrachloro-p-benzoquinone 

Tetrachloroquinone 

Tetraethyldiaminobenzhydrol 

Tetraethyldiaminobenzophenone 

Tetraethyldiaminodiphenylmethane 

Tetraethyldiamlnotriphenylme thane 

Tetrahydrophthalimide 

Tetramethyldiaminoacridine hydrochloride 

Tetramethyldiaminobenzophenone 

Tetramethyldiaminobenzoylhydrol 

Tetramethyldlaminodiphenylmethane 

Tetramethyldiaminotriphenylmethane 

Thioaniline 

ThioanilinedisuLfonic acid 

p,p -Thiobis(4-amino-o-benzenesulfonio acid) 

Thiosalicylic acid 

Tobias acid 

a-Toluamide 

Toluene-2,4-diisooyanate 

p-Toluenesulfochloride 

A-Toluenesulfonamido-l-aminoanthraquinonesulfonic 
acid. 

P-Toluenesulfonlc acid — 

Toluene-2,4,6-triol 

4-Toluic acid 

a-Toluic acid 

m-Toluidine-o-sulfonic acid: 

m-Toluidine-p-sulfonic acid 

o-Toluidine-m-sulfonio acid 

o-Toluidine-omega-sulfonic acid 

p-Toluidine-m-sulfonio acid 

p-Toluidlne-o-sulfonic acid 

p-Toluidine-o-sulfonio acid, isopropyl ester 

3-Toluidine-6-sulfonic acid 

6-(p-Toluidino)metanilio acid 

a-Tolunitrile 

-i-Tolunitrile 

l,3-(p-Tolylamlno)anthraquinone 

p-Tolyl-o-benzoio acid 

o-Tolyloarbinol 

Tolylenedi amine 

p-m-Tolylenedi amine 

4-m-Tolylenedi amine 

5-m-Tolylenedi amine 

m-Tolylenediaminesulfonio acid 

m-Tolylene diisocyanates 

[ 3- (p-Tolyl)-l-methyltriazeno] acetic acid 

Tolyl peri acid 

2,4,6-Triamlnobenzene trihydrochloride 

2,i,6-Triaminotoluene trihydrochloride 

Trianthraquinonyldi-imide 

1,4-Trianthrimide 

Trichlorophenylsilicane 

1,2,4-Trihydroxyanthraquiiione 

1,2,6-Trihydroxyanthraquinone 

2,4,6-Trihydroxytoluene 

1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene 

2,4,5-Trimethylpyridine < 

Triiiitrophenol 

2,4,6-Trlnitroresorcin 

1,2,4-Trioxyanthraquinone ■ 1 

1,3,5-Triphenylhexahydro-s-triazine 

Triphenyl silicon chloride 



Sodium phenoxide. 

Sodium phenoxide. 

o-Phenylphenol, sodium salt. 

2,3,4,6-Tetraohlorophenol, sodium salt. 

2,4,5-Trichlorophenol, sodium salt. 

Styrene . 

2-Benzoyl-'i-sulfobenzoic acid [COOH=l], 

o-Formylbenzenesulfonio acid [S03H=l]. 

2-Benzoyl-4-sulfobenzoic acid [COOH=l]. 

5-Nitro-l-anthraquinonesulfonic acid. 

p- (3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl )benzenesulf onic 

acid. 
5-Oxo- 1- (p-sulf ophenyl ) -2-pyrazoline-3-carboxyUc 

acid. 



5,5'-Methylenebis[toluene-2,4-diamine]. 

Chloranll. 

Chloranll. 

4,4 '-Bis[diethylamino]benzhydrol. 

4,4 -Bis[dlethylamino]benzophenone. 

4,4 -Methylenebis[N,N-diethylaniline] . 

4,4 -Benzylidenebis[N,N-diethylaniline]. 

4-Cyclohexene-l,2-dicarboximide. 

2, 7-Bis [dimethylamlno] acridlne hydrochloride , 

4,4 -Bis[dimethylamlno]benzophenone. 

4,4 '-Bis[diethylamlno]benzhydrol. 

4,4'-Methylenebis[N N-dlmethylaniline] . 

4,4' -Benzylidinebis [ N , N-dlmethylaniline] . 

4,4^-Thiodianiline. 

6,6'-Thiodimetanillc acid [S03H=l]. 

6,6 '-Thiodimetanllic acid [SOjH^l]. 

o-Mercaptobenzoic acid [COOH=l]. 

2- Ami no-1-naphthalenesulf onic acid. 

2-Phenylacetamlde . 

Isocyanic acid, 4(and 2) -methyl -m-phenylene ester. 

p-Toluenesulfonyl chloride [S02Cl=l]. 

l-Jtaiino-4- (p-toluenesulf onamido ) -2-anthraquinone- 

sulfonic acid. 
p-Toluenesulfonic acid, methyl ester [sOsH^l]. 
2-Methylphloroglucinol . 
p-Toluic acid [COOH=l] . 
Phenylacetlc acid. 

4-i\mlno-o-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
2-Amino-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
4-Amino-m-toluenesralfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
(o-Toluidino)methanesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
6-Araino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
5-Amlno-o-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
5-Amino-o-toluenesulfonic acid, isopropyl ester 

[S03H=l]. 
4-Amino-o-toluenesulfonio acid [S03H=l]. 
5-Amino-2-(p-toluidlno)benzene sulfonic acid. 
Phenylacetonitrlle . 
p-Tolunitrile . 

1, 3-Di (p-toluidino ) anthraquinone . 
o-(p-Tolyl)benzoio acid [COOH=l]. 
o-Methylbenzyl alcohol. 
Toluenediamlne . 
Toluene-2, 5-diamine . 
Toluene-2 , 4-di amine . 
Toluene -3 ,5 -di amine . 

4,6-Diamino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
Isocyanic acid, 4(and2) -methyl -m-phenylene ester. 
[3-(p-Tolyl)-l-methyltriazen-3-yl] acetic acid. 
8- (p-Toluidino ) -1-naphthalenesulf onic acid . 
1,3,5-Benzenetriamlne trihydrochloride. 
Toluene-2, 4, 6-triamine trihydr.ochloride. 
1,4-Bis [l-anthraquinonylamino] anthraquinone . 
1,4-Bis [l-anthraqulnonylamiuo] anthraquinone. 
Triohlorophenyls ilane . 
Purpurin . 
Flavopurpurin. 
2-Methylphloroglucinol w 
Mesitylene . 
s-Collidine. 
Picric acid. 
Styphnic acid. 
Purpurin. 

Hexahydro-l,3,5-triphenyl-s-triazine. 
Chlorot r ipheny Is i lane . 



194 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1957 

Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous name's--Continued 



Common name 



3,3 '-Ureyleneaniline- 



Vinylbenzene- 
Vinyltoluene- 
Violanthrene- 



Xenylamine 

m-Xylidine acetate 

m-Xylidinesulfonio aoid- 
Xylyl chloride 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



3,3'-Diaminocarbanilide. 



Styrene . 

Methylstyrene . 

Dinaphtho [l,2,3-cd,3',2',l'-ljn]perylene. 



A -Biphenylamine . 
2,4-Xylidine acetate. 

2-Amino-3,5-xylenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
<l-Chloro-m-xylene . 



APPENDIX 
Do Production and Sales of Cellulose Plastics 



195 



Cellulose plastics are derived from cellulose acetate, cellulose 
propionate, cellulose butyrate, and mixtures of cellulose esters, 
and from cellulose nitrate and ethyl cellulose. The most important 
applications of cellulose plastics are in the manufacture of molded 
and extruded articles and accessories, such as umbrella handles, 
toys, buckles and decorative products, fittings for household and 
automotive equipment; and in packaging. The statistics given in 
table 30 were compiled from the Tariff Commission's monthly re- 
ports on the production and sales of synthetic plastics and resin 
materials. 

Production of cellulose plastics as a group in 1957 amounted to 
148 million pounds and sales were 145 million pounds --both about the 
same as in 1956. In volume of output, cellulose acetate and mixed 
ester plastics were by far the most important products in the cellu- 
lose group. Production of these plastics in 1957 totaled 139 million 
pounds, compared with 136 million pounds in 1956. The output of 
cellulose nitrate plastics was 4. million pounds in 1957, compared 
with 5. 3 million pounds in 1956. 

TABLE 30. '-Cellulose plastics: United States production and sales, 19S7 
[In thousands of pounds] 



Cellulose plastics,-^ total- 



ing, 112 



U5,057 



Cellulose acetate and mixed esters, total- 
Sheets, under 0.003 gage 

Sheets, 0.003 gage and over 

All other sheets, rods, and tubes 

Molding and extrusion materials 

Nitrocellulose sheets, rods, and tubes 

Other cellulose plastics^ 



138,782 
18,568 
18,448 
7,573 
94,193 
3,972 
5,358 



136,205 
18,030 
17,917 
7,236 
93,022 
4,114 
4,738 



^ Includes weight of fillers, plastioizers, and extenders. 

^ Includes data for sheets, rods, and tubes and for molding and extrusion materials derived from ethyl 
cellulose and other cellulosio materials. 



U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1958 O - 491001 



I 



I 



REPORTS OF THE UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 
ON THE OPERATION OF THE TRADE AGREEMENTS PROGRAM 



*Operation of the Trade Agreements Program, June 1934 to April 1948, Rept. 
No. 160, 2d ser., 1949: 
*Part I. Summary 

*Part II. History of the Trade Agreements Program 

*Part III. Trade-Agreement Concessions Granted by the United States 
*Part IV. Trade-Agreement Concessions Obtained by the United States 
*Part V. Effects of the Trade Agreements Program on United States 
Trade 

*Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: Second Report, April 1948- 

March 1949, Rept. No. 163, 2d ser., 1950 
'Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: Third Report, April 1949- 

June 1950, Rept. No. 172, 2d ser., 1951 
'Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: Fourth Report, July 1950- 

June 1951, Rept. No. 174, 2d ser., 1952 
'Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: Fifth Report, July 1951- 

June 1952, Rept. No. 191, 2d ser., 1954 
'Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: Sixth Report, July 1952- 

June 1953, Rept. No. 193, 2d ser., 1954 
'Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: Seventh Report, July 1953- 

June 1954, Rept. No. 195, 2d ser., 1955 
Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: Eighth Report, July 1954— 

June 1955, Rept. No. 197, 2d ser., 1956, 550 
Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: Ninth Report, July 1955- 

June 1956, Rept. No. 199, 2d ser., 1957, 650 
tOperation of the Trade Agreements Program: Tenth Report, July 1956— 
June 1957, Rept. No. 202, 2d ser., 1958 



NOTE.— The reports preceded by an asterisk (*) are out of print; the report preceded by a 
dagger (t) is in press and will be available shortly. The other reports listed may be purchased 
from the Superintendent of Documents, II. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, 
D. C. See inside front cover for other reports. All U. S. Tariff Commission reports reproduced 
by the U. S. Government Printing Office may be consulted in the official depository libraries 
throughout the United States.